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Sample records for professional male altos

  1. Professional recognition of female and male doctors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruguera, M; Arrizabalaga, P; Londoño, M C; Padrós, J

    2014-03-01

    The awards for the excellence of the Official College of Physicians of Barcelona (COMB) were instituted in 2004 to recognize the excellence of the professional exercise. The winners are yearly chosen by juries appointed by the board of government, whose members propose for the award doctors who, in their opinion, have an exemplary professional and human behaviour. The number of male and female doctors who have obtained this recognition has been analysed in relation with the sex distribution in the juries. Likewise it has been compared the ratios men-to-women of those who have been rewarded and this ratio among physicians of more than 45 years. Between the awarded physicians the ratio men-to-women was of 2.7/1 (range, from 1.2/1 for awardees in primary care to 6/1 in research). The men-to-women ratio among those who were awarded was in parallel to the man-to-women ratios of the juries. The ratio between men and women among members of the COMB of more than 45 years was 1.4/1, whereas in those who were awarded it was of 2.7/1. The increase in the proportion of women in the juries in the last four years has been followed by an increase in the number of female physicians awarded. This data demonstrates that the predominance of male doctors among those who were awarded does not depend so much on the age factor, but basically on the proportion of male and female doctors in the juries. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  2. The academic training of the professional Agricultural engineer in Public University of El Alto (UPEA

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    Mayta-Mamani Adelio

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available La agronomía ha significado para el ser humano desde sus orígenes una de las actividades más importantes y vitales, porque tienen relación con el sustento alimenticio en las sociedades. En la actualidad el agrónomo está frente a un importante reto, quizás el más importante desde la revolución industrial. Este reto se relaciona con los alimentos transgénicos, para lograr nuevas variedades de los cultivos y con nuevas propiedades. La carrera de Ingeniería Agronómica de la Universidad Pública de El Alto, cubre el espectro de formación universitaria vinculada a las características productivas y sociales de la economía del país. Por otra parte, el desarrollo de Ingeniería Agronómica tiene vínculos con el Instituto de Investigación y Extensión Agrícola de la Carrera y las instituciones públicas y privadas. Objeto de la profesión. La carrera de Ingeniería Agronómica, pretende contribuir a mejorar el nivel de producción y productividad de alimentos, generando ciencia y tecnología, y transfiriendo oportunamente a las unidades productivas para su implementación. Uno de los principios de la carrera de Ingeniería Agronómica es la recuperación y valoración de los conocimientos locales y ancestrales, la investigación participativa, armonizar esta situación, con el conocimiento convencional. Misión. Formar profesionales con alta capacidad técnica y científica, consciente del poder de conocimiento y comprometidos con el desarrollo rural sostenible, con libertad de pensamiento, dignidad, solidaridad, reciprocidad, respeto a la naturaleza y al prójimo, para responder con convicción frente a los grandes desafíos y oportunidades del mundo globalizado. Visión. Constituirse en una unidad académica de excelencia, referente a nivel nacional e internacional, que forma jóvenes profesionales del país, para desempañar trabajos; en producción agrícola, pecuaria y silvicultura, en diferentes pisos ecológicos para satisfacer

  3. Female professional divers. Similarities and differences between male and female professional divers.

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    Irgens, Ågot; Troland, Kari; Grønning, Marit

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to explore the potential differences between female and male professional divers with regards to demographics, diving certificates, areas of diving, diving activity and health effects. The Norwegian Labour Inspection Authority's Diving certificate register contains data on all professional inshore divers who have held a certificate at any time since 1980. Forty nine per cent of these divers responded to the "Norwegian diver 2011" questionnaire. Of these divers 64 female and 1327 male divers completed the questionnaire about their professional diving career, certificate, year of onset and the year they stopped diving professionally if they were not still active in the diving industry. The level of general education was higher among female divers. More males than females were fully certified in diving. The mean age was lower among female than male fully certified divers. Fully certified female divers reported a lower total number of dives, shallower dives and diving for a shorter period of time than the male divers. They also had a lower percentage of work within the quay/construction sector and more often worked as teachers/instructors. A lower percentage of fully certified females than males had experienced decompression sickness (16.7% vs. 26.9%). Life-threatening events and psychologically challenging events were less common among females, as were adverse health effects. No such gender differences were seen for divers with a restricted certificate. The fully certified, female professional divers in our study had a very short diving career, reported fewer and shallower dives, and chose less physically demanding jobs than their male counterparts. They also had a higher level of education, reported less health problems and a better quality of life. The health effects seem to be related to the type of work rather than to gender.

  4. Regional ventilation during phonation in professional male and female singers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traser, Louisa; Knab, Jana; Echternach, Matthias; Fuhrer, Hannah; Richter, Bernhard; Buerkle, Hartmut; Schumann, Stefan

    2017-05-01

    The respiratory system is a central part of voice production, but details in breath control during phonation are not yet fully understood. This study therefore aims to investigate regional ventilation of the lungs during phonation. It was analyzed in 11 professional singers using electrical impedance tomography during breathing and phonation with maximum phonation time. Our results show differences in impedance changes between phonation and exhalation in the courses of time and amplitude normalized curves. Furthermore, differences related to gender and professionalism were found in the temporal and spatial profiles of regional ventilation. For female singers (sopranos and mezzo-sopranos) the anterior region participated less at the start of ventilation, and was more stable at the midpoint compared to male singers (tenors). This might be an expression of a smaller relative movement in rib cage and anterior diaphragm, primarily in early phonation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Prevalent morphometric vertebral fractures in professional male rugby players.

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    Karen Hind

    Full Text Available There is an ongoing concern about the risk of injury to the spine in professional rugby players. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of vertebral fracture using vertebral fracture assessment (VFA dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA imaging in professional male rugby players. Ninety five professional rugby league (n = 52 and union (n = 43 players (n = 95; age 25.9 (SD 4.3 years; BMI: 29.5 (SD 2.9 kg.m2 participated in the research. Each participant received one VFA, and one total body and lumbar spine DXA scan (GE Lunar iDXA. One hundred and twenty vertebral fractures were identified in over half of the sample by VFA. Seventy four were graded mild (grade 1, 40 moderate (grade 2 and 6 severe (grade 3. Multiple vertebral fractures (≥2 were found in 37 players (39%. There were no differences in prevalence between codes, or between forwards and backs (both 1.2 v 1.4; p>0.05. The most common sites of fracture were T8 (n = 23, T9 (n = 18 and T10 (n = 21. The mean (SD lumbar spine bone mineral density Z-score was 2.7 (1.3 indicating high player bone mass in comparison with age- and sex-matched norms. We observed a high number of vertebral fractures using DXA VFA in professional rugby players of both codes. The incidence, aetiology and consequences of vertebral fractures in professional rugby players are unclear, and warrant timely, prospective investigation.

  6. Male Breast Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)—Health Professional Version

    Science.gov (United States)

    Male breast cancer treatment may include surgery with or without radiation therapy, chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, and/or HER2-directed therapy. Get detailed information about the diagnosis and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent male breast cancer in this summary for clinicians.

  7. Male professional footballers' experiences of mental health difficulties and help-seeking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Susan; Harrison, Lesley K; Kucharska, Jo

    2017-05-01

    Male professional footballers (soccer) represent an at-risk population of developing mental health difficulties and not accessing professional support. One in four current footballers report mental health difficulties. Higher prevalence is reported after retirement. This qualitative study aimed to provide in-depth insight into male professional footballers' lived experiences of mental health difficulties and help-seeking. Seven participants were interviewed. Data were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. One superordinate theme emerged; 'Survival'. This related to survival in the professional football world, of mental health difficulties and after transition into the 'real world'. Six subordinate themes are explored alongside literature pertaining to male mental health, identity, injury, transition, and emotional development. Shame, stigma, fear and level of mental health literacy (knowledge of mental health and support) were barriers to help-seeking. Support for professional footballers' mental wellbeing requires improvement. Recommendations are made for future research, mental health education and support.

  8. The Comparison of Aggression between Professional and Semi-Professional Male Taekwondo Athletes in Isfahan, Iran

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    Mojtaba Salemi khozani

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Aggression is one of the general phenomenon that athletes often directly or indirectly deal with. There are rare issues that are significant as much aggression and violence in sport. The explanation for violent behavior in humans is often the subject of research in the science of sociology. Social changes around the world in recent centuries had a significant impact on cultural structure. In this study, the researchers focused on the aggression of professional and semi-professional athletes in Taekwondo in Isfahan, Iran. The cross-sectional method was applied in this study. To analyze, we examined the relationships between predictor variables and the dependent variable or the variance criterion to explain the changes. The results shown that there was no significant difference between terms of anger and physical aggression among professional and semi-professional. On the other hand, there was meaningful differences between verbal aggression and hostility amongst participants. In addition, the amounts of aggression amongst professional players were more than semi-professional players.

  9. THE CHALLENGES FACED BY THE MALE GENDER EXECUTIVE SECRETARY PROFESSIONAL IN CONTEMPORARY ORGANIZATIONS

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    Conceição de Maria Pinheiro Barros

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The Professional Executive Secretary has been occupying space increasingly evident in the labor market and organizational structure, both because of market demand, the needs of dynamism in the modern administration that demonstrates the growth of the reference to it. It has sought in his field vision and attitude of performance excellence with fulfilling its role with its own characteristics. This study aims to investigate the general challenges for the Executive Secretariat professional male in contemporary organizations. We defined the following objectives: to analyze the insertion of the male in the profession of Executive Secretary and identify the challenges faced by the Executive Secretary of the males to their development and professional growth. To this end, we performed a literature search, followed by a field survey. It is a qualitative research because data collected, and then make a qualitative analysis of results from selected literature. The survey was conducted in organizations from the public and private, state of Ceará. The sample was represented by professional male graduates in the executive secretariat at the Federal University of Ceará and working in the area. After analyzing the data it was concluded that despite the obstacles to be overcome, the tendency is that these opportunities work for the professional male grow, requiring that all actors in the field to seek gender equity in the profession.

  10. Relationships between cooperation and goal orientation among male professional and semi-professional team athletes.

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    Lameiras, João; Almeida, Pedro L; Garcia-Mas, Alexandre

    2014-12-01

    In team sports, athletes' goals may focus on the task (enhancing performance, developing better skills, etc.) or on ego (being better than the others, achieving superiority, etc.). This study investigated the relationships between athletes' goal orientation and their tendency to cooperate with teammates and coaches. 158 professional men (M age = 24.1 yr., SD = 4.6) who played on various sport teams participated in this study. Goal orientation was measured with the Portuguese version of the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire, and cooperation was measured with the Questionário de Cooperação Desportiva. Cooperation was positively correlated with task orientation, and negatively correlated with ego orientation. Overall, the findings support that in sports, directing the players' focus on task may promote prosocial behavior.

  11. Calidad de vida y estrés laboral: la incidencia del Burnout en el deporte de alto rendimiento madrileño. Quality of life and job stress: Burnout among high performance sport professionals from Madrid.

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    Martínez del Castillo, Jesús

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEn la literatura sobre la psicología de la salud en las organizaciones es generalmente aceptado que el Burnout (Síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo aparece como consecuencia de un estrés laboral crónico excesivo que provoca una disminución de la habilidad en el desempeño de la actividad profesional y la aparición de diferentes problemas de salud en quien lo padece. El Burnout (Síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo ha sido conceptualizado como un síndrome psicológico tridimensional de agotamiento emocional, despersonalización y baja realización personal en el trabajo. El propósito de este estudio es evaluar la presencia del Burnout en el colectivo de los profesionales del Alto Rendimiento Deportivo. Para ello se utilizó una muestra de 102 profesionales en activo empleados en 20 organizaciones representativas del fenómeno del Alto Rendimiento Deportivo de la ciudad de Madrid, España. Para medir la incidencia del Burnout (Síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo se utilizó el Inventario de Burnout de Maslach. Los resultados obtenidos en este colectivo fueron de un 37,25% con altos niveles de Burnout (Síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo, 50% con nivel intermedio y 12,75% con bajo nivel. Estos profesionales presentan mayores niveles de baja realización personal en el trabajo (26,47% y menores niveles de despersonalización (11,76% y agotamiento emocional (10,78%. También se encontraron diferencias en los niveles cuando fueron comparados con otros profesionales del deporte.AbstractIt is widely accepted in organizational and health psychology literatures that burnout is a consequence of chronic job stress wh+ºich causes an array of negative work related performance and health outcomes. Burnout was conceptualized as a 3-dimensional psychological syndrome consisting of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and decreased personal accomplishment. The purpose of this study was to assess the presence of Burnout syndrome in High

  12. Investigation of Professional Readiness of Selected Male and Female Experts in Iranian Sports Organizations

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    Samira ALIABADI

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate professional readiness of a selected group of male and female experts in Iranian sports organizations. It is a descriptive study with an applied objective. The statistical population of the study includes the entire selected male and female experts (406 experts of Iranian sports organizations among which 352 cases cooperated with the researchers and therefore were selected as research sample. Measurement tool is the professional readiness assessment standard questionnaire (Aliabadi, 2014; the validity and reliability of this questionnaire have been approved by sport experts. The descriptive and inferential statistics including KS- and T-test was used to analyze the data. The results indicate that there is no significant difference between male and female experts in sports organizations regarding mental readiness and its components (motivation, commitment, confidence; but there is a significant difference at 0.01 level between them with regard to work readiness and its components (skill, knowledge, experience. Moreover, based on the average of work/technical readiness components, male experts are better than female experts.

  13. Altos penachos de escarcha

    OpenAIRE

    Josa, Lola; Lambea, Mariano

    2008-01-01

    El documento contiene la composición titulada “Altos penachos de escarcha”, perteneciente al Manojuelo Poético-Musical de Nueva York, recopilación manuscrita de piezas poético-musicales de los siglos XVII y XVIII que se conserva en la biblioteca de The Hispanic Society of America (New York) bajo la signatura Ms. HC. 380/821a. Se ofrece la partitura con la transcripción musical a notación moderna, la edición anotada del poema y todos aquellos datos que ha sido posible averiguar sobre cada piez...

  14. Analysis of Injury Incidences in Male Professional Adult and Elite Youth Soccer Players: A Systematic Review.

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    Pfirrmann, Daniel; Herbst, Mark; Ingelfinger, Patrick; Simon, Perikles; Tug, Suzan

    2016-05-01

    The incidence of injury for elite youth and professional adult soccer players is an important concern, but the risk factors for these groups are different. To summarize and compare the injury incidences and injury characteristics of male professional adult and elite youth soccer players. We searched MEDLINE and Web of Science using the search terms elite, international, European, soccer, football, injury, injuries, epidemiology, incidence, prevalence, not female, not American football, and not rugby. We also used the search terms professional for studies on professional adult soccer players and high-level, soccer academy, youth, adolescent, and young for studies on elite youth soccer players. Eligible studies were published in English, had a prospective cohort design, and had a minimum study period of 6 months. To ensure that injury data were assessed in relationship to the athlete's individual exposure, we included only studies that reported on injuries and documented exposure volume. Two independent reviewers applied the selection criteria and assessed the quality of the studies. A total of 676 studies were retrieved from the literature search. Eighteen articles met the inclusion criteria: 6 for elite youth and 12 for professional adult soccer players. Injury rates were higher for matches than for training for both youth and adult players. Youth players had a higher incidence of training injuries than professionals. Efforts must be made to reduce the overall injury rate in matches. Therefore, preventive interventions, such as adequately enforcing rules and focusing on fair play, must be analyzed and developed to reduce match-related injury incidences. Reducing training injuries should be a particular focus for youth soccer players.

  15. Profile of weekly training load in elite male professional basketball players.

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    Manzi, Vincenzo; D'Ottavio, Stefano; Impellizzeri, Franco M; Chaouachi, Anis; Chamari, Karim; Castagna, Carlo

    2010-05-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the training load (TL) profile of professional elite level basketball players during the crucial parts of the competitive season (pre-play-off finals). Subjects were 8 full-time professional basketball players (age 28 +/- 3.6 years, height 199 +/-7.2 cm, body mass 102 +/- 11.5 kg, and body fat 10.4 +/- 1.5%) whose heart rate (HR) was recorded during each training session and their individual response to TL monitored using the session-rate of perceived exertion (RPE) method (200 training sessions). The association between the session-RPE method and training HR was used to assess the population validity of the session-RPE method. Significant relationships were observed between individual session-RPE and all individual HR-based TL (r values from 0.69 to 0.85; p 0.05). Elite male professional basketball imposes great physiological and psychological stress on players through training sessions and official competitions (1-2 per week). Consequently, the importance of a practical and valid method to assess individual TL is warranted. In this research, we demonstrated that session-RPE may be considered as a viable method to asses TL without the use of more sophisticated tools (i.e., HR monitors). The session-RPE method enabled the detection of periodization patterns in weekly planning in elite professional basketball during the crucial part of the competitive season (1 vs. 2 weekly fixtures model).

  16. Self-confidence in financial analysis: a study of younger and older male professional analysts.

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    Webster, R L; Ellis, T S

    2001-06-01

    Measures of reported self-confidence in performing financial analysis by 59 professional male analysts, 31 born between 1946 and 1964 and 28 born between 1965 and 1976, were investigated and reported. Self-confidence in one's ability is important in the securities industry because it affects recommendations and decisions to buy, sell, and hold securities. The respondents analyzed a set of multiyear corporate financial statements and reported their self-confidence in six separate financial areas. Data from the 59 male financial analysts were tallied and analyzed using both univariate and multivariate statistical tests. Rated self-confidence was not significantly different for the younger and the older men. These results are not consistent with a similar prior study of female analysts in which younger women showed significantly higher self-confidence than older women.

  17. Symptoms of Common Mental Disorders and Adverse Health Behaviours in Male Professional Soccer Players

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    Gouttebarge Vincent

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available To present time, scientific knowledge about symptoms of common mental disorders and adverse health behaviours among professional soccer players is lacking. Consequently, the aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders (distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance and adverse health behaviours (adverse alcohol behaviour, smoking, adverse nutrition behaviour among professional soccer players, and to explore their associations with potential stressors (severe injury, surgery, life events and career dissatisfaction. Cross-sectional analyses were conducted on baseline questionnaires from an ongoing prospective cohort study among male professional players. Using validated questionnaires to assess symptoms of common mental disorders and adverse health behaviours as well as stressors, an electronic questionnaire was set up and distributed by players’ unions in 11 countries from three continents. Prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders and adverse health behaviours among professional soccer players ranged from 4% for smoking and 9% for adverse alcohol behaviour to 38% for anxiety/depression and 58% for adverse nutrition behaviour. Significant associations were found for a higher number of severe injuries with distress, anxiety/depression, sleeping disturbance and adverse alcohol behaviour, an increased number of life events with distress, sleeping disturbance, adverse alcohol behaviour and smoking, as well as an elevated level of career dissatisfaction with distress, anxiety/depression and adverse nutrition behaviour. Statistically significant correlations (p<0.01 were found for severe injuries and career dissatisfaction with most symptoms of common mental disorders. High prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders and adverse health behaviours was found among professional players, confirming a previous pilot-study in a similar study population.

  18. y El Alto, Bolivia

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    León Darío Parra Bernal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente caso de estudio se analiza la empresarialidad informal como un reto de política pública y económica. Para ello, se efectuaron 20 entrevistas en profundidad a microempresarios y comerciantes del sector informal en las ciudades de La Paz y El Alto, en Bolivia en 2010, y a 3 funcionarios públicos de instituciones de apoyo al fomento empresarial en el mismo país. La principal reflexión giró en torno al establecimiento de que los empresarios informales poseen un elevado nivel de influencia en la efectividad de las políticas públicas implementadas para su sector, así como en los mecanismos que se han utilizado en Bolivia para incluirlos en el proceso.

  19. Decreased Circulating mtDNA Levels in Professional Male Volleyball Players.

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    Nasi, Milena; Cristani, Alessandro; Pinti, Marcello; Lamberti, Igor; Gibellini, Lara; De Biasi, Sara; Guazzaloca, Alessandro; Trenti, Tommaso; Cossarizza, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    Exercise exerts various effects on the immune system, and evidence is emerging on its anti-inflammatory effects; the mechanisms on the basis of these modifications are poorly understood. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) released from damaged cells acts as a molecule containing the so-called damage-associated molecular patterns and can trigger sterile inflammation. Indeed, high plasma levels of mtDNA are associated to several inflammatory conditions and physiological aging and longevity. The authors evaluated plasma mtDNA in professional male volleyball players during seasonal training and the possible correlation between mtDNA levels and clinical parameters, body composition, and physical performance. Plasma mtDNA was quantified by real-time PCR every 2 mo in 12 professional volleyball players (PVPs) during 2 consecutive seasons. As comparison, 20 healthy nonathlete male volunteers (NAs) were analyzed. The authors found lower levels of mtDNA in plasma of PVPs than in NAs. However, PVPs showed a decrease of circulating mtDNA only in the first season, while no appreciable variations were observed during the second season. No correlation was observed among mtDNA, hematochemical, and anthropometric parameters. Regular physical activity appeared associated with lower levels of circulating mtDNA, further confirming the protective, anti-inflammatory effect of exercise.

  20. Anthropometric Variables and Somatotype of Young and Professional Male Basketball Players

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    Karol Gryko

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Determining somatic models and profiles in young athletes has recently become a fundamental element in selecting basketball playing positions. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the body build of young and adult elite male basketball players at different playing positions. Methods: Participants consisted of 35 young (age: 14.09 ± 0.30 years, n = 35 and 35 adult professional basketball players (age: 24.45 ± 5.40 years, n = 35 competing in elite leagues. The anthropometric characteristics assessed included body mass, body height, skinfolds, somatotypes, girths, and breadths. Results: The centers in both age groups were significantly taller and heavier (p < 0.001 compared to forwards and guards. The greatest difference between categories were in the guards’ personal height (from 169.36 to 186.68 = 17.32 cm. The guards from the professional team were closest in height to the forwards (difference = 7.17 cm compared to young players where the difference between guards and forwards was 13.23 cm. Young competitors were more ectomorphic (2.12-3.75-4.17, while professional players were more mesomorphic (2.26-4.57-3.04. Significant criteria for center selection at professional level seems to be personal height and arm span ratio. Conclusions: The results indicate that the selection for basketball playing positions should include the analysis of body height and mass, shoulder breadth, humerus breadth, femur breadth and specifically for centers the difference between personal the height and arm span.

  1. Relationship Between the Relative Age Effect and Lengths of Professional Careers in Male Japanese Baseball Players: a Retrospective Analysis.

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    Nakata, Hiroki

    2017-12-01

    The mechanisms underlying the relative age effect in sport events have been investigated for more than two decades. The present study focused on the relationship between the relative age effect and lengths of professional careers among professional male Japanese baseball players. The birth dates of players and lengths of professional careers were collected from an official publication, and data were divided into four quarters (Q1: April-June; Q2: July-September; Q3: October-December; Q4: January-March of the following year) grouped by 3 years. Based on the data for Q4, the expected numbers for the lengths of professional careers were calculated for Q1, Q2, and Q3. The number of players with professional careers of more than 19 years was significantly smaller in Q4 than in Q1, Q2, and Q3. The relative age effect among professional male Japanese baseball players was associated with the lengths of professional careers. Relative age appears to be a very important factor for the development of expertise among male Japanese baseball players and involves long-term disadvantages after becoming professional players.

  2. Normative data on regional sweat-sodium concentrations of professional male team-sport athletes.

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    Ranchordas, Mayur K; Tiller, Nicholas B; Ramchandani, Girish; Jutley, Raj; Blow, Andrew; Tye, Jonny; Drury, Ben

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to report normative data on regional sweat sweat-sodium concentrations of various professional male team-sport athletes, and to compare sweat-sodium concentrations among sports. Data to this effect would inform our understanding of athlete sodium requirements, thus allowing for the individualisation of sodium replacement strategies. Accordingly, data from 696 athletes (Soccer, n = 270; Rugby, n = 181; Baseball, n = 133; American Football, n = 60; Basketball, n = 52) were compiled for a retrospective analysis. Regional sweat-sodium concentrations were collected using the pilocarpine iontophoresis method, and compared to self-reported measures collected via questionnaire. Sweat-sodium concentrations were significantly higher ( p soccer (43.2 ± 12.0 mmol·L -1 ) or rugby (44.0 ± 12.1 mmol·L -1 ), but with no differences among the N.American or British sports. There were strong positive correlations between sweat-sodium concentrations and self-reported sodium losses in American football ( r s = 0.962, p soccer ( r s = 0.748, p strategies to meet the sodium demands of professional team-sport athletes. Moreover, these novel data suggest that self-reported measures of sodium loss might serve as an effective surrogate in the absence of direct measures; i.e., those which are more expensive or non-readily available.

  3. Low External Workloads Are Related to Higher Injury Risk in Professional Male Basketball Games

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    Toni Caparrós, Martí Casals, Álvaro Solana, Javier Peña

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available The primary purpose of this study was to identify potential risk factors for sports injuries in professional basketball. An observational retrospective cohort study involving a male professional basketball team, using game tracking data was conducted during three consecutive seasons. Thirty-three professional basketball players took part in this study. A total of 29 time-loss injuries were recorded during regular season games, accounting for 244 total missed games with a mean of 16.26 ± 15.21 per player and season. The tracking data included the following variables: minutes played, physiological load, physiological intensity, mechanical load, mechanical intensity, distance covered, walking maximal speed, maximal speed, sprinting maximal speed, maximal speed, average offensive speed, average defensive speed, level one acceleration, level two acceleration, level three acceleration, level four acceleration, level one deceleration, level two deceleration, level three deceleration, level four deceleration, player efficiency rating and usage percentage. The influence of demographic characteristics, tracking data and performance factors on the risk of injury was investigated using multivariate analysis with their incidence rate ratios (IRRs. Athletes with less or equal than 3 decelerations per game (IRR, 4.36; 95% CI, 1.78-10.6 and those running less or equal than 1.3 miles per game (lower workload (IRR, 6.42 ; 95% CI, 2.52-16.3 had a higher risk of injury during games (p < 0.01 in both cases. Therefore, unloaded players have a higher risk of injury. Adequate management of training loads might be a relevant factor to reduce the likelihood of injury according to individual profiles.

  4. Reliability and Usefulness of the 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test in Male and Female Professional Futsal Players

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    Valladares-Rodríguez Santiago

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability and usefulness of the 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test (30-15IFT in professional male and female futsal players. Thirteen male (24.4 ± 5.6 years; 174.5 ± 10.3 cm; 70.3 ± 9.9 kg and fourteen female (23.3 ± 4.5 years; 165.8 ± 6.2 cm; 61.7 ± 5.5 kg professional futsal players performed the 30-15IFT on two occasions, separated by 5 days. Maximal intermittent running velocity (VIFT and heart rate at exhaustion (HRpeak data were collected for both tests. Reliability was assessed by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC, typical error (TE expressed as a coefficient of variation (CV, and smallest worthwhile change (SWC. VIFT demonstrated very good reliability between sessions, both for male (ICC = 0.92 and female (ICC = 0.96 players. As the TE for VIFT and HRpeak was similar to the calculated SWC for both male and female players, the usefulness of the test was rated as “medium”. A change in performance of at least 2 stages in male players, or a change of more than 1 stage in female players could be interpreted as a meaningful change in aerobic futsal fitness. The results of this study demonstrate that the 30-15IFT is both a reliable and useful test for male and female professional futsal players.

  5. Season-to-Season Variations of Physiological Fitness Within a Squad of Professional Male Soccer Players

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    Clark, Niall A.; Edwards, Andrew M.; Morton, R. Hugh; Butterly, Ronald J.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine season-to-season variations in physiological fitness parameters among a 1st team squad of professional adult male soccer players for the confirmatory purposes of identifying normative responses (immediately prior to pre-season training (PPS), mid-season (MID), and end-of-season (EOS)). Test-retest data were collected from a student population on the primary dependent variables of anaerobic threshold (AT) and maximal aerobic power (VO2 max) to define meaningful measurement change in excess of test-retest technical error between test-to-test performances. Participants from a pool of 42 professional soccer players were tested over a set sequence of tests during the 3-year period: 1) basic anthropometry, 2) countermovement jump (CMJ) tests 3) a combined AT and VO2 max test. Over the 3-year period there were no test-to-test changes in mean VO2 max performance exceeding pre-defined limits of test agreement (mean of eight measures: 61.6 ± 0.6 ml·kg-1·min-1). In contrast, VO2 at AT was significantly higher at the MID test occasion in seasons 2 (+4.8%; p = 0.04, p elite cohort between test-to-test occasions, VO2 max values did not vary significantly over the study which supports previous short-term observations suggesting a general ‘elite’ threshold of 60 ml·kg-1 min. Interestingly, AT significantly varied where VO2 max was stable and these variations also coincided with on- and off-seasons suggesting that AT is a better indication of acute training state than VO2 max. Key points Maximal aerobic power remains fairly stable across inter- and intra-season measurements. Anaerobic threshold appears more sensitive of training state confirming our earlier observations. The professional players tended to attain optimal performances at the mid-season interval over the 3 seasons, presumably prior to the development of accumulative fatigue. PMID:24150149

  6. Psychological Impact of Stalking on Male and Female Health Care Professional Victims of Stalking and Domestic Violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Acquadro Maran

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to investigate stalking experiences in a sample of Health Care Professionals, or HCPs, who experienced domestic violence in their previous relationships with an intimate romantic or non-romantic who had become their stalkers. A comparison between males and females was made to highlight the differences among the genders. The findings showed that, for the most part, the victims experienced stalking by a stalker that was not of the same gender. Moreover, the nature of the relationship was romantic, for the most part, for both female and male subjects, suggesting that the principal motivation of stalking is the disruption of an intimate relationship. Regarding domestic violence, females described the phenomenon from a different perspective, indicating verbal, physical, and sexual abuse, while males indicated only verbal abuse. Females tended to amplify, more than the males, depression, and state and trait anxiety. Even if all symptoms were expressed in both females and males, the males exhibited a lack of confidence in their bodies, and the emotional literacy made the expression of distress more difficult. At the same time, the expression of anxiety presented in the women permitted them to become progressively less victimized over time; depression and anxiety allow the recognition of these symptoms as signs of distress and to intervene to reduce them.

  7. Psychological Impact of Stalking on Male and Female Health Care Professional Victims of Stalking and Domestic Violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acquadro Maran, Daniela; Varetto, Antonella

    2018-01-01

    The aim of this work was to investigate stalking experiences in a sample of Health Care Professionals, or HCPs, who experienced domestic violence in their previous relationships with an intimate romantic or non-romantic who had become their stalkers. A comparison between males and females was made to highlight the differences among the genders. The findings showed that, for the most part, the victims experienced stalking by a stalker that was not of the same gender. Moreover, the nature of the relationship was romantic, for the most part, for both female and male subjects, suggesting that the principal motivation of stalking is the disruption of an intimate relationship. Regarding domestic violence, females described the phenomenon from a different perspective, indicating verbal, physical, and sexual abuse, while males indicated only verbal abuse. Females tended to amplify, more than the males, depression, and state and trait anxiety. Even if all symptoms were expressed in both females and males, the males exhibited a lack of confidence in their bodies, and the emotional literacy made the expression of distress more difficult. At the same time, the expression of anxiety presented in the women permitted them to become progressively less victimized over time; depression and anxiety allow the recognition of these symptoms as signs of distress and to intervene to reduce them.

  8. Injuries in male and female semi-professional football (soccer) players in Nigeria: prospective study of a National Tournament.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owoeye, Oluwatoyosi Babatunde Alex; Aiyegbusi, Ayoola Ibifubara; Fapojuwo, Oluwaseun Akinleye; Badru, Oluwaseun Abdulganiyu; Babalola, Anike Rasheedat

    2017-03-21

    Research on the epidemiology of football injuries in Africa is very sparse despite its importance for injury prevention planning in a continent with limited sports medicine resources. The vast majority of studies available in literature were conducted in Europe and only a very few studies have prospectively reported the pattern of football injury in Africa. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and pattern of injuries in a cohort of male and female semi-professional football players in Nigeria. A prospective cohort design was conducted, in which a total of 756 players with an age range of 18-32 years (356 males and 300 females) from 22 different teams (12 male and 10 female teams), were prospectively followed in a National Football Tournament. Physiotherapists recorded team exposure and injuries. Injuries were documented using the consensus protocol for data collection in studies relating to football injury surveillance. An overall incidence of 113.4 injuries/1000 h (95% CI 93.7-136.0) equivalent to 3.7 injuries/match and time-loss incidence of 15.6 injuries/1000 h were recorded for male players and 65.9 injuries/1000 h (95% CI 48.9-86.8) equivalent to 2.2 injuries/match and time-loss incidence of 7.9 injuries/1000 h were recorded for female players. Male players had a significantly higher risk of injuries [IRR = 1.72 (95% CI 1.23-2.45)]. Injuries mostly affected the lower extremity for both genders (n = 81, 70% and n = 31, 62% for males and females respectively). Lower leg contusion (n = 22, 19%) and knee sprain (n = 9, 18%) were the most common specific injury types for male and female players respectively. Most of the injuries were as a result of contact with another player (n = 102, 88%-males; n = 48, 96%-females). Time-loss injuries were mostly estimated as minimal (n = 11, 69%) for male players and severe (n = 4, 66%) for female players. The overall incidence of injuries among Nigerian semi-professional football

  9. Symptoms of Common Mental Disorders and Adverse Health Behaviours in Male Professional Soccer Players

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gouttebarge, Vincent; Aoki, Haruhito; Kerkhoffs, Gino

    2015-01-01

    To present time, scientific knowledge about symptoms of common mental disorders and adverse health behaviours among professional soccer players is lacking. Consequently, the aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders (distress, anxiety/depression, sleep

  10. Mechanisms and situations of anterior cruciate ligament injuries in professional male soccer players: a YouTube-based video analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grassi, Alberto; Smiley, Stephen Paul; Roberti di Sarsina, Tommaso; Signorelli, Cecilia; Marcheggiani Muccioli, Giulio Maria; Bondi, Alice; Romagnoli, Matteo; Agostini, Alessandra; Zaffagnini, Stefano

    2017-10-01

    Soccer is considered the most popular sport in the world concerning both audience and athlete participation, and the incidence of ACL injury in this sport is high. The understanding of injury situations and mechanisms could be useful as substratum for preventive actions. To conduct a video analysis evaluating the situations and mechanisms of ACL injury in a homogeneous population of professional male soccer players, through a search entirely performed on the YouTube.com Web site focusing on the most recent years. A video analysis was conducted obtaining videos of ACL injury in professional male soccer players from the Web site YouTube. Details regarding injured players, events and situations were obtained. The mechanism of injury was defined on the basis of the action, duel type, contact or non-contact injury, and on the hip, knee and foot position. Thirty-four videos were analyzed, mostly from the 2014-2015 season. Injuries occurred mostly in the first 9 min of the match (26%), in the penalty area (32%) or near the side-lines (44%), and in non-rainy conditions (97%). Non-contact injuries occurred in 44% of cases, while indirect injuries occurred in 65%, mostly during pressing, dribbling or tackling. The most recurrent mechanism was with an abducted and flexed hip, with knee at first degrees of flexion and under valgus stress. Through a YouTube-based video analysis, it was possible to delineate recurrent temporal, spatial and mechanical characteristics of ACL injury in male professional soccer players. Level IV, case series.

  11. Effects of game location, quality of opposition and players’ suspensions on performance in elite male handball. [Efecto según el lugar del partido, la calidad del adversario y de las exclusiones de los jugadores sobre las prestaciones del balonmano masculino de alto nivel].

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Debanne

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the territoriality concept, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of game location, quality of opposition, and players’ exclusions on team performance (score differential. The sample consisted of 364 games (182 during each regular season 2014-2015 and 2015-16 from the French male professional league (LNH. In contrast to the territoriality theory, the results did not show that home teams were more sanctioned than visiting teams. Furthermore, using Analysis of Variance, the findings highlighted the fact that the quality of the opponent overcomes the home advantage effect and the existence of an interaction effect of [game location] x [quality of opposition] x [players’exclusions difference] on the score differential. Indeed, home teams with strong opposition perform better when they are more sanctioned (M = -2.26; SD = 3.53 than when they are less sanctioned (M = -4.9; SD = 4.69. Concerning visiting teams, faced with strong opposition, they perform better when they are less sanctioned (M = -2.8; SD = 4.5 than when they are more sanctioned (M = -5.4; SD =3.5 or when players’ exclusions are balanced (M = -5.7; SD = 5.4; also, faced with balanced opposition they perform better when they are more sanctioned (M = 0.03; SD = 4.85 than when players’ exclusions are balanced (M = -2.1; SD = 4.34. These results can contribute to a better understanding of the situational determining factors of elite handball performance, helping coaches to prepare their own team accordingly. Resumen Este estudio se apoya sobre el concepto de territorialidad. Su objectivo es investigar la influencia del lugar del partido, de la calidad del adversario y de la exclusiones de los jugadores sobre el record. La muestra constituye 364 partidos (182 de cada una de las temporadas deportistas 2014-2015 y 2015-2016 de la Liga Francesa profesional del balonmano (LNH. Al contrario de las previsiones resultante de la teoria de la territorilidad, los

  12. The Comparison of Vertical Ground Reaction Force during Forward and Backward Walking among Professional Male Karatekas with Genu Varum and Normal Knees

    OpenAIRE

    Heydar Sadeghi; Siavash Shirvanipour; Raghad Mimar

    2017-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare vertical ground reaction force during forward and backward walking among the male professional Karatekas with genu varum and normal knee. Methods: 20 professional male Karates (in genu varum and normal groups) participated in this semi-experimental study. The vertical ground reaction force was measured using force plate system during forward and backward walking utilizing 250 Hz frequency. Mixed ANOVA test was run to analyze the obtained ...

  13. Fifth metatarsal fractures among male professional footballers: a potential career-ending disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ekstrand, Jan; van Dijk, C. Niek

    2013-01-01

    There is little information about Metatarsal Five (MT-5) fractures for specific sports. To study the occurrence, the imaging characteristics, the lay-off times and healing problems of MT-5 fractures among male footballers. Sixty-four European elite teams were monitored from 2001 to 2012. x-Rays were

  14. The Stigmatized Woman: The Professional Woman in a Male Sex-Typed Career.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Catherine

    1985-01-01

    Applies Erving Goffman's stigma theory to impressions of 25 women in educational administration careers. Analyzes data from an earlier study to show how women administrators, confronted with male leadership norms, deviate, acquire stigma, and become marginal. Concludes with suggestions for change, citing 32 references. (MLH)

  15. Social Camouflage: Interpreting Male Student Veterans' Behavior for Residence Life Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Livingston, Wade G.; Scott, David A.; Havice, Pamela A.; Cawthon, Tony W.

    2012-01-01

    The term "camouflage" implies obscurity and concealment. Male student veterans who return from the military often employ a social camouflage; though some may reveal and discuss their military experience, their overriding objective is to blend in, have a "normal" college experience, and graduate. This creates challenges for housing professionals…

  16. Medical reasons behind player departures from male and female professional tennis competitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okholm Kryger, Katrine; Dor, Frédéric; Guillaume, Marion; Haida, Amal; Noirez, Philippe; Montalvan, Bernard; Toussaint, Jean-François

    2015-01-01

    The number of retirements, withdrawals, and "lucky losers" (the replacement of a player who withdraws before the start of the tournament by a losing player from the qualifying round) from professional tennis tournaments has increased, but the reasons behind such departures have not yet been analyzed. An official consensus statement has been conducted to allow a general categorization of injuries in tennis. To determine the reasons for departure and injury rates in professional tennis. Descriptive epidemiology study. All reasons for departures were collected from official Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) and Women's Tennis Association (WTA) web pages. All tournaments apart from the 4 major competitions (the Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon, and US Open) were included for the period 2001-2012 for men and women. Personal data, tournament information, surface, match setting, date, and reason were obtained for each departure scenario. Variations in departure and injury rates were seen throughout the season. Women left and were injured significantly more than men. Women mainly left because of thigh injuries, whereas men left mainly because of back injuries. Playing surface only had an influence on the risk of lower back injuries. Only women's departures were affected by the tournament round. A high number of departures from tournaments have occurred during the past 10 years on the ATP and WTA circuits. Injuries were the main reasons of these departures, regardless of the type of departure and player sex. The back and thigh were the main locations of injuries for men and women, respectively. © 2014 The Author(s).

  17. Prospective weight change and colon cancer risk in male US health professionals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Lau Caspar; Grønbaek, Morten; Johansen, Christoffer

    2008-01-01

    Epidemiological studies are remarkably consistent, especially among men, in showing that overweight and obesity [body mass index (BMI) >25] are associated with increased risk of colon cancer. However, no prospective studies address the influence of weight change in adulthood on subsequent colon...... cancer risk. In this study, we investigated whether weight change influences colon cancer risk utilizing prospectively collected weight data. We included 46,349 men aged 40-75 participating in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study. Questionnaires including items on weight were completed every second......-year period, we documented 765 cases of colon cancer. Cumulative mean BMI >22.5 was associated with significantly increased risk of colon cancer. The short-term weight change in the prior 2 to 4 years was positively and significantly associated with risk [HR = 1.14 (95% confidence interval, 1...

  18. Rates of insufficiency and deficiency of vitamin D levels in elite professional male and female skiers: A chronobiologic approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitale, Jacopo Antonino; Lombardi, Giovanni; Cavaleri, Luca; Graziani, Rosa; Schoenhuber, Herbert; Torre, Antonio La; Banfi, Giuseppe

    2018-04-01

    Vitamin D is essential for the maintenance and promotion of musculoskeletal health, for the functioning of the immune, cardiovascular and reproductive systems, and its main action is to keep calcium and phosphate plasmatic physiological concentrations at intestinal, renal and bony level. Vitamin D affects several parameters related to physical performance too and a particularly high percentage of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency in professional athletes has been observed. Several variables are able to impair the synthesis of 25(OH)D in athletes, specifically both genetic and environmental factors, but the most probable explanation for the deficient/insufficient vitamin D levels is the insufficient ultraviolet B light (UVB) exposure during winter. To confirm this, the existence of a circannual rhythm of vitamin D in professional soccer players, highlighting a peak in summer and lowest values in winter regardless the period of the season, has been documented. Nonetheless, from what we are aware of, no other study adopted a chronobiologic approach to better understand and describe the circannual variations of serum 25(OH)D in other sport disciplines. Therefore, we studied serum vitamin D in a cohort of top-level professional skiers, during a period of three consecutive competitive seasons (2015, 2016 and 2017), in order to evaluate, with a rhythmometric approach, the vitamin D behavior along the year. The study population was composed by 152 professional Italian alpine skiers of FISI (Winter Sport Italian Federation), 63 females and 89 males (mean age: 24.1 ± 3.2 years) and a total of 298 blood drawings were carried out to determine plasma 25(OH)D. Vitamin D data were compared between genders and then processed with the population mean cosinor tests to evaluate the presence of a circannual rhythm, both for female and male athletes. In total, 77 skiers (50.7%) showed, at least once during the three competitive seasons, an insufficient level of 25(OH)D and

  19. Rotational glenohumeral adaptations are associated with shoulder pathology in professional male handball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubiatowski, Przemyslaw; Kaczmarek, Piotr; Cisowski, Pawel; Breborowicz, Ewa; Grygorowicz, Monika; Dzianach, Marcin; Krupecki, Tomasz; Laver, Lior; Romanowski, Leszek

    2018-01-01

    Glenohumeral range of motion adaptations may affect throwing athletes and contribute to shoulder injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate shoulder rotation deficits among elite professional handball players and its correlation to the presence of shoulder pain and morphological changes. Eighty-seven elite professional handball players and 41 healthy non-athlete volunteers participated in the study. Evaluations included measurement of range of internal and external rotation, total arch of motion, identification of shoulder pain and ultrasound scan for diagnosis of rotator cuff tears and internal impingement. Glenohumeral rotational deficits (>20-25°) were found among 11 players group (13%). The throwing shoulders in the players group showed a decrease in internal rotation and an increase in external rotation with significantly larger ranges among players compared to the non-athlete group. Internal rotation deficit >20° was associated with higher incidence of shoulder pain among players. Both internal rotation deficits (>25°) and total arch of motion deficit (>20°) co-existed with higher incidence of internal impingement. Shoulder pain was common (36/97-41%) and was associated with decreased external rotation and total arch of motion. Internal impingement (found in 13/87-15%) correlated with decreased rotation ranges and a greater deficit in total arch of motion, whereas higher gain in external rotation correlated with a partial rotator cuff tear (found in 12/87-14%). Shoulder pathologies and problems commonly affected the group of handball players. Greater glenohumeral rotational deficits in throwing shoulders of handball players correlate with shoulder pain and internal impingement, while increased external rotation with partial rotator cuff tears. Such deficits affect 13% of the athlete population. Major clinical relevance of the study is to monitor handball players' shoulders both clinically and by proper imaging. Evaluation of range of rotation seems

  20. Injuries in Professional Male Soccer Players in the Netherlands: A Prospective Cohort Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stubbe, Janine H.; van Beijsterveldt, Anne-Marie M. C.; van der Knaap, Sissi; Stege, Jasper; Verhagen, Evert A.; van Mechelen, Willem; Backx, Frank J. G.

    2015-01-01

    Context: Injuries are a major adverse event in a soccer player's career. Reducing injury incidence requires a thorough knowledge of the epidemiology of soccer injuries. Objective: To investigate the incidence and characteristics of injuries in the Dutch premier soccer league. Design: Cohort study. Setting: The Dutch premier soccer league. Patients or Other Participants: During the 2009–2010 soccer season, a total of 217 professional soccer players from 8 teams were prospectively followed. Main Outcome Measure(s): The medical staff recorded time-loss injuries, including information on injuries (ie, type, body part, duration) and exposure data for training sessions and matches. Results: A total of 286 injuries were recorded, affecting 62.7% of the players. The overall injury incidence was 6.2 injuries per 1000 player-hours, 2.8 in training sessions and 32.8 in matches. Most of the recorded injuries were acute (68.5%). Eight percent of the injuries were classified as recurrent. Injuries were most likely to be located in the lower extremities (82.9%). Injury time loss ranged from 1 to 752 days, with a median of 8 days. Knee injuries had the greatest consequences in terms of days of absence from soccer play (on average, 45 days). The most common diagnosis was muscle/tendon injury of the lower extremities (32.9%). Conclusions: Injury risk in the Dutch premier soccer league is high, especially during matches. Preventive measures should focus on the most common diagnoses, namely, muscle/tendon injuries of the lower extremities. PMID:25531144

  1. Prospective study of breakfast eating and incident coronary heart disease in a cohort of male US health professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cahill, Leah E; Chiuve, Stephanie E; Mekary, Rania A; Jensen, Majken K; Flint, Alan J; Hu, Frank B; Rimm, Eric B

    2013-07-23

    Among adults, skipping meals is associated with excess body weight, hypertension, insulin resistance, and elevated fasting lipid concentrations. However, it remains unknown whether specific eating habits regardless of dietary composition influence coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. The objective of this study was to prospectively examine eating habits and risk of CHD. Eating habits, including breakfast eating, were assessed in 1992 in 26 902 American men 45 to 82 years of age from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study who were free of cardiovascular disease and cancer. During 16 years of follow-up, 1527 incident CHD cases were diagnosed. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate relative risks and 95% confidence intervals for CHD, adjusted for demographic, diet, lifestyle, and other CHD risk factors. Men who skipped breakfast had a 27% higher risk of CHD compared with men who did not (relative risk, 1.27; 95% confidence interval, 1.06-1.53). Compared with men who did not eat late at night, those who ate late at night had a 55% higher CHD risk (relative risk, 1.55; 95% confidence interval, 1.05-2.29). These associations were mediated by body mass index, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes mellitus. No association was observed between eating frequency (times per day) and risk of CHD. Eating breakfast was associated with significantly lower CHD risk in this cohort of male health professionals.

  2. Somatotipo y composición corporal en gimnastas de Trampolín masculino español de alto nivel. (Somatotype and body composition in elite male Spanish Trampoline.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús López Bedoya

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl presente estudio pretende describir y establecer datos de referencia de gimnastas españoles de la especialidad de Trampolín, centrándonos en el somatotipo y la composición corporal de varones en los distintos grupos de edad competitivos. Fueron evaluados 41 varones: 23 de categoría Sub-15 (11,95±1,79 años y 18 de categoría Absoluta (20,72±4,66 años, todos dentro de la élite nacional. Se estudiaron 15 variables antropométricas: peso, talla, 6 pliegues, 5 diámetros y 2 perímetros; todas obtenidas según el protocolo de la ISAK con investigadores certificados. El somatotipo fue calculado según el método de Heath-Carter y la composición corporal según las recomendaciones del GREC. En categoría Absoluta se obtuvo un 47,83% de masa muscular y 11,04% de grasa, con un somatotipo 2,4 – 4,7 – 2,8; en Sub-15 se obtuvo un 46,37%, 10,38% de grasa y un somatotipo 2,8 – 5 – 2,8. Los resultados presentan un biotipo medio mesomorfo balanceado con un SDI elevado de 3,54 en Sub-15 y 3,28 en Absoluta, distinto a los valores de referencia de gimnastas de la especialidad de Gimnasia Artística Masculina mucho más ecto-mesomorfos.AbstractThe present study seeks to describe and establish reference data of Spanish Trampoline gymnasts, focusing on the somatotype and body composition of male gymnasts in several competitive age groups. 41 males: 23 Under-15 category (11.95±1.79 years and 18 Absolute category (20.72±4.66 years, all in the national elite, were evaluated. 15 anthropometric variables were studied: body mass, height, 6 skinfolds, 5 breadths and 2 girths; all obtained according to the ISAK supervised by certified researches. The somatotype was calculated by the Heath-Carter method and body composition following GREC recommendations. In Absolute category the results showed 47.83% muscular mass and 11.04% of fat were obtained, with a somatotype 2.4 – 4.7 – 2.8; while in Under-15 category, the figures were 46.37%, 10

  3. Analysis of the Response Speed of Musculature of the Knee in Professional Male and Female Volleyball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Ruiz, D.; Diez-Vega, I.; Rodríguez-Matoso, D.; Fernandez-del-Valle, M.; Sagastume, R.; Molina, J. J.

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the normalized response speed (Vrn) of the knee musculature (flexor and extensor) in high competitive level volleyball players using tensiomyography (TMG) and to analyze the muscular response of the vastus medialis (VM), rectus femoris (RF), vastus lateralis (VL), and biceps femoris (BF) in accordance with the specific position they play in their teams. One hundred and sixty-six players (83 women and 83 men) were evaluated. They belonged to eight teams in the Spanish women's superleague and eight in the Spanish men's superleague. The use of Vrn allows avoiding possible sample imbalances due to anatomical and functional differences and demands. We found differences between Vrn in each of the muscles responsible for extension (VM, RF, and VL) and flexion (BF) regardless of the sex. Normalized response speed differences seem to be larger in setters, liberos and outside players compared to middle blockers and larger in males when compared to females. These results of Vrn might respond to the differences in the physical and technical demands of each specific position, showing an improved balance response of the knee extensor and flexor musculature in male professional volleyball players. PMID:25003109

  4. Analysis of the Response Speed of Musculature of the Knee in Professional Male and Female Volleyball Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Rodríguez-Ruiz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the normalized response speed (Vrn of the knee musculature (flexor and extensor in high competitive level volleyball players using tensiomyography (TMG and to analyze the muscular response of the vastus medialis (VM, rectus femoris (RF, vastus lateralis (VL, and biceps femoris (BF in accordance with the specific position they play in their teams. One hundred and sixty-six players (83 women and 83 men were evaluated. They belonged to eight teams in the Spanish women’s superleague and eight in the Spanish men’s superleague. The use of Vrn allows avoiding possible sample imbalances due to anatomical and functional differences and demands. We found differences between Vrn in each of the muscles responsible for extension (VM, RF, and VL and flexion (BF regardless of the sex. Normalized response speed differences seem to be larger in setters, liberos and outside players compared to middle blockers and larger in males when compared to females. These results of Vrn might respond to the differences in the physical and technical demands of each specific position, showing an improved balance response of the knee extensor and flexor musculature in male professional volleyball players.

  5. The Relationship of Practice Exposure and Injury Rate on Game Performance and Season Success in Professional Male Basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toni Caparrós, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Gregory D. Myer, Lluís Capdevila, Kristian Samuelsson, Bruce Hamilton, Gil Rodas

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to determine the relationship among game performance, injury rate, and practice exposure in a professional male basketball team. A retroospective analysis of prospective collected data was conducted over seven consecutive seasons (2007/2008 to 2013/2014. Data collection included sports performance during competition (statistical evaluation, injury rate, and total exposure (games and practices. Over the surveillance period, 162 injuries (91 practice; 71 matches occurred over 32,668 hours of exposure (556 games and 2005 practices. There was a strong positive correlation between: 1 exposure (total number of practices and hours of exposure and the total number of injuries (r = 0.77; p = 0.04; 2 exposure (total hours of exposure and total hours of practice exposure and performance (total team ranking (r = 0.77 and p = 0.04, and r = 0.8 and p = 0.03, respectively; and 3 total number of injuries and performance (total team ranking (r = 0.84; p = 0.02. While increasing practice and competition time is related to greater team performance, it also increases the number of injuries. However, higher injury rates were not associated with worse overall team performance. Efforts to reduce high-risk activity during practice, optimally replaced with injury prevention training, might help to reduce injury risk.

  6. Lifestyle and Risk of Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome in a Cohort of United States Male Health Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ran; Sutcliffe, Siobhan; Giovannucci, Edward; Willett, Walter C; Platz, Elizabeth A; Rosner, Bernard A; Dimitrakoff, Jordan D; Wu, Kana

    2015-11-01

    Although chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a prevalent urological disorder among men of all ages, its etiology remains unknown. Only a few previous studies have examined associations between lifestyle factors and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, of which most were limited by the cross-sectional study design and lack of control for possible confounders. To address these limitations we performed a cohort study of major lifestyle factors (obesity, smoking and hypertension) and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome risk in the HPFS (Health Professionals Follow-up Study), a large ongoing cohort of United States based male health professionals. The HPFS includes 51,529 men who were 40 to 75 years old at baseline in 1986. At enrollment and every 2 years thereafter participants have completed questionnaires on lifestyle and health conditions. In 2008 participants completed an additional set of questions on recent chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome pain symptoms modified from the NIH (National Institutes of Health)-CPSI (Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index) as well as questions on approximate date of symptom onset. The 653 participants with NIH-CPSI pain scores 8 or greater who first experienced symptoms after 1986 were considered incident chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome cases and the 19,138 who completed chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome questions but did not report chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome related pain were considered noncases. No associations were observed for baseline body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, cigarette smoking and hypertension with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome risk (each OR ≤1.34). In this large cohort study none of the lifestyle factors examined was associated with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome risk. As the etiology of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome remains unknown

  7. Professionals' views on the issues and challenges arising from providing a fertility preservation service through sperm banking to teenage males with cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawshaw, Marilyn; Glaser, Adam; Hale, Juliet; Sloper, Patricia

    2004-03-01

    Interviews were undertaken with 22 health and social work professionals. Their analysis was completed using "selective transcription", noting understanding of process, issues and themes, and building a picture against which to consider the analysis of subsequent interviews with teenagers and parents. Professionals were also asked to identify areas for feedback from these participants. This work was part of a larger study of (i) the perceptions of adolescent males and their parents of fertility preservation services following a cancer diagnosis, and (ii) national postal surveys of common practices, areas of variance and issues experienced by professionals in UK regional paediatric oncology centres and licensed assisted conception centres. A large number of concerns were identified, which reflected professionals' difficulties in building and maintaining a relevant, adequate knowledge and skills base given the limited numbers of teenagers offered this service. The lack of appropriate training about the legal and consent frameworks, and the processes involved was also highlighted across all professional groups as was the confusion around professional and legal responsibilities for follow up. Thus, there was considerable professional uncertainty in a number of aspects of this sensitive area of service provision. Consideration needs to be given to the needs for national guidance, for training, support and updating, for liaison between the different health and social care sectors that may be involved, and for appropriate information systems. These need to be in place for each stage of the process, from diagnosis through to eventual discharge from the health system.

  8. Perspectives of Iranian male nursing students regarding the role of nursing education in developing a professional identity: a content analysis study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaismoradi, Mojtaba; Salsali, Mahvash; Ahmadi, Fazlollah

    2011-12-01

    The purpose of the present study was to explore the perspectives of Iranian male nursing students regarding the role of nursing education in developing a professional identity. A qualitative design, based on the content analysis approach, was used to collect the data and analyze the perspectives of 14 Iranian male nursing students who were chosen by using a purposive sampling strategy. After the selection of the participants, semistructured interviews were held in order to collect the data. During the data analysis, three main themes emerged: "reality-expectation incompatibility", "being supported by the educational system", and "nursing image rectification". The second theme consisted of two categories: "feeling trusted" and "being defended". This study will be useful to nurse educators and administrators in relation to what constitutes nursing students' professional identity within the Iranian culture and context and how nursing education can play an effective role in developing their professional identity in order to devise strategies to attract male students to the nursing profession and promote their retention after graduation. © 2010 The Authors. Japan Journal of Nursing Science © 2010 Japan Academy of Nursing Science.

  9. A history of concussions is associated with symptoms of common mental disorders in former male professional athletes across a range of sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouttebarge, Vincent; Aoki, Haruhito; Lambert, Michael; Stewart, William; Kerkhoffs, Gino

    2017-11-01

    Recent reports suggest that exposure to repetitive concussions in sports is associated with an increased risk of symptoms of distress, anxiety and depression, sleep disturbance or substance abuse/dependence (typically referred as symptoms of common mental disorders[CMD]) and of later development of neurodegenerative disease, in particular chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The primary aim of this study was to explore the relationship between sports career-related concussions and the subsequent occurrence of symptoms of CMD among former male professional athletes retired from football (soccer), ice hockey and rugby (union). Cross-sectional analyses were performed on baseline electronic questionnaires from three prospective cohort studies among former male professional athletes retired from football (soccer), ice hockey and rugby (union). The number of confirmed concussions was examined through a single question, while symptoms of distress, anxiety and depression, sleep disturbance and adverse alcohol use were assessed using validated questionnaires. From 1,957 former professional athletes contacted, a total of 576 (29%) completed the questionnaire. Of these, 23% had not incurred a concussion during their career, 34% had two or three, 18% four or five, and 11% six or more concussions. The number of sports career-related concussions was a predictor for all outcome measures (β = 0.072-0.109; P ≤ 0.040). Specifically, former professional athletes who reported a history of four or five concussions were approximately 1.5 times more likely to report symptoms of CMD, rising to a two- to five-fold increase in those reporting a history of six or more sports career-related concussions. These data demonstrate an association between exposure to sports concussion and subsequent risk of symptoms of CMD in former professional athletes across a range of contact sports. Further work to explore the association between sports concussion and symptoms of CMD is required; in

  10. A Prospective Study of Periodontal Disease and Risk of Gastric and Duodenal Ulcer in Male Health Professionals

    OpenAIRE

    Boylan, Matthew R; Khalili, Hamed; Huang, Edward S; Michaud, Dominique S; Izard, Jacques; Joshipura, Kaumudi J; Chan, Andrew T

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Periodontal disease has been associated with higher circulating levels of inflammatory markers and conditions associated with chronic inflammation, including vascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and cancer. Limited data exist on the relationship between periodontal disease and gastric and duodenal ulcer. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 49,120 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, aged 40–75 years at enrollment in 1986. Biennially, we assessed periodo...

  11. Dancing on Thin Ice: The Journey of Two Male Teacher Candidates Emerging as Professionals within a Teacher Education Dance Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalyn, Brenda; Campbell, Eric; McAvoy, Alekcei; Weimer, Michelle

    2015-01-01

    Teacher candidates entering the world of curricula face the realities of teaching a variety of subjects, some more conceptually foreign than others. One challenging area for teacher candidates, particularly males, is in dance education (Gard, 2008; Kiley, 2010). A teacher's former dance experience, beliefs about who dances and why, personal…

  12. Muscle Strength Is a Poor Screening Test for Predicting Lower Extremity Injuries in Professional Male Soccer Players: A 2-Year Prospective Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakken, Arnhild; Targett, Stephen; Bere, Tone; Eirale, Cristiano; Farooq, Abdulaziz; Mosler, Andrea B; Tol, Johannes L; Whiteley, Rod; Khan, Karim M; Bahr, Roald

    2018-03-01

    Lower extremity muscle strength tests are commonly used to screen for injury risk in professional soccer. However, there is limited evidence on the ability of such tests in predicting future injuries. To examine the association between hip and thigh muscle strength and the risk of lower extremity injuries in professional male soccer players. Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Professional male soccer players from 14 teams in Qatar underwent a comprehensive strength assessment at the beginning of the 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 seasons. Testing consisted of concentric and eccentric quadriceps and hamstring isokinetic peak torques, eccentric hip adduction and abduction forces, and bilateral isometric adductor force (squeeze test at 45°). Time-loss injuries and exposure in training and matches were registered prospectively by club medical staff throughout each season. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs. In total, 369 players completed all strength tests and had registered injury and exposure data. Of these, 206 players (55.8%) suffered 538 lower extremity injuries during the 2 seasons; acute muscle injuries were the most frequent. Of the 20 strength measures examined, greater quadriceps concentric peak torque at 300 deg/s (HR, 1.005 [95% CI, 1.00-1.01]; P = .037) was the only strength measure identified as significantly associated with a risk of lower extremity injuries in multivariate analysis. Greater quadriceps concentric peak torque at 60 deg/s (HR, 1.004 [95% CI, 1.00-1.01]; P = .026) was associated with the risk of overuse injuries, and greater bilateral adductor strength adjusted for body weight (HR, 0.75 [95% CI, 0.57-0.97; P = .032) was associated with a lower risk for any knee injury. Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses indicated poor predictive ability of the significant strength variables (area under the curve, 0.45-0.56). There was a weak association with the risk of

  13. Vertical jump performance of professional male and female volleyball players: effects of playing position and competition level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sattler, Tine; Hadžić, Vedran; Dervišević, Edvin; Markovic, Goran

    2015-06-01

    Vertical jump (VJ) performance is an important element for successful volleyball practice. The aims of the study were (a) to explore the overall VJ performance of elite volleyball players of both sexes, (b) to explore the differences in VJ performance among different competition levels and different playing positions, and (c) to evaluate the sex-related differences in the role of the arm swing and 3-step approach with arm swing on the jump height. We assessed the VJ capacity in 253 volleyball players (113 males and 140 females) from Slovenian first and second Volleyball Division. The height of squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump, block jump, and attack jump was tested using an Optojump system. We observed significant differences (p ≤ 0.05) in VJ height between different levels of play that were most pronounced in the SJ. Position-related differences in VJ performance were observed in male players between receivers and setters (p ≤ 0.05), whereas in females, VJ performance across different playing positions seems equal. Finally, we found that male players significantly better use the arm swing during VJ than females (p ≤ 0.05), whereas the use of eccentric part of the jump and approach before the spike to improve VJ performance seem to be equally mastered activity in both sexes. These results could assist coaches in the development of jumping performance in volleyball players. Furthermore, presented normative data for jump heights of elite male and female volleyball players could be useful in selection and profiling of young volleyball players.

  14. Overrepresentation of African American Males in Exclusionary Discipline: The Role of School-Based Mental Health Professionals in Dismantling the School to Prison Pipeline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamilia J. Blake

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available African American males are at increased risk for experiencing disciplinary practices that exclude them from the school environment. It is believed that African American males’ overrepresentation in the receipt of these practices contributes to their involvement in the criminal justice system as they approach adolescence and enter adulthood. The connection of exclusionary discipline with incarceration rates is termed the School to Prison Pipeline. Although some scholars have identified school-wide initiatives as having potential in curtailing African American males’ overrepresentation in these punitive discipline practices, less discussion has focused on the role of school-based mental health professionals to address this issue. School-based mental health professionals possess a unique set of skills that may assist schools in decreasing African American males’ exposure to exclusionary discipline practices and consequently reducing their risk for adverse outcomes. The purpose of this review is to provide school-based mental health professionals with specific recommendations for reducing this negative educational experience.

  15. Event review: International Knapping Workshop, with Bruce Bradley, Fazenda Monte Alto, Dourado, SP (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Theodora Adriana van Veldhuizen

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The event took place from 3 till 8 July 2016 at Fazenda Monte Alto, Dourado, SP, Brazil. The aim of the course was to provide intensive knapping training in order to enhance analytical methods and procedures. This training was not only for students, but also professionals who were interested in the course. The course was given by Bruce Bradley (University of Exeter, who has extensive experience with Stone Age technologies and experimental archaeology. Mercedes Okumura (PPGArq, National Museum, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and Astolfo G. M. Araujo (Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, University of São Paulo organized the course, which was sponsored by Fazenda Monte Alto, Café Helena, and the British Academy, Newton Mobility Grants Scheme (NG140077. The workshop had 15 participants from Brazil, Uruguay, the Netherlands and Canada.

  16. Differences in anthropometric characteristics in relation to throwing velocity and competitive level in professional male team handball: a tool for talent profiling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fieseler, Georg; Hermassi, Souhail; Hoffmeyer, Birgit; Schulze, Stephan; Irlenbusch, Lars; Bartels, Thomas; Delank, Karl-Stefan; Laudner, Kevin G; Schwesig, René

    2017-01-01

    The primary aim of the study was to examine the anthropometric characteristics as well as throwing and sprinting performance of professional handball players classified by playing position and competition level. 21 male players (age: 25.2±5.1 years) from the first German handball league (FGL) and 34 male players (age: 26.1±4.1 years) from the third German handball league (TGL) were categorized as backs, pivots, wings and goalkeepers. Measurements included anthropometric data (height, mass and body mass index (BMI)), throwing and sprinting performance selected out of a complex handball test (HBCT), which was conducted twice (2 rounds). During the HBCT, the subjects performed two sprints (10, 20 m), two standing throws with run-up (ST) and four vertical jump throws (VJT) over a hurdle (20 cm) with and without precision for goal shot. The anthropometric data revealed a significantly (P=0.038 and η2=0.079) shorter body height for TGL than for FGL players. In the cohort of first league athletes the pivots were the tallest (1.98±0.04 m), backs in the third league showed the maximum body height (1.90±0.05 m). Regarding body mass, pivots were the heaviest players independent from the league membership. The FGL players showed a significantly (P0.10) higher throwing velocity in all type of throws. Body height was significantly related to ST (r=0.53) and VJT (r=0.52) in the first round of HBCT but only for the FGL athletes. Throwing velocity was also correlated with BMI (r=-0.50) among the TGL players. Substantial differences of body characteristics, throwing and sprinting performance between playing positions and competitive levels underline the importance of a careful scouting and position-specific training for professional handball players.

  17. Analysis of the acceleration profile according to initial speed and positional role in elite professional male soccer players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Hoyo, Moisés; Sañudo, Borja; Suárez-Arrones, Luis; Carrasco, Luis; Joel, Tom; Domínguez-Cobo, Sergio; Núñez, Francisco J

    2017-12-01

    The aim of the current study was to analyse the acceleration profile in elite professional soccer players according to their initial speed but also considering players' position. Players' accelerations profiles were analysed using a relative acceleration profile according to the initial speed (S1, from 0 to 7 km/h; S2, from 7.1 to 14.3 km/h; and S3, ≥14.4 km/h) and the maximum acceleration. Within-group analyses showed that Center Backs (CB) performed more high intensity accelerations (likely) when they started in S1 than S2 (ES: 0.50). Strikers (S) and Wide Midfielders (W-MD) achieved more accelerations (likely to almost certain) starting in S3 than S1 (ES: 0.80 and 0.59, respectively) and S2 (ES: 0.67 and 1.09, respectively). Full Backs (FB) completed more accelerations (almost certain) starting in S1 and S3 than S2 (ES: 1.39 and 1.36, respectively). Finally, Midfielders (MD) executed a greater number of high intensity accelerations (likely to almost certain) when they started in S1 than S2 (ES: 0.83) and S3 (ES: 0.66), and in S3 than S2 (ES: 4.72). Between-group analyses showed that S, W-MD, and FB performed a greater total number of high intensity accelerations (very likely to almost certain) than CB (ES: 1.94, 1.57, and 1.51, respectively) and MD (ES: 1.23, 0.92; and 0.81, respectively). Furthermore, MD performed substantially greater total number of high intensity accelerations (likely) than CB (ES: 0.56). Results suggest that CB achieved more high-intensity accelerations starting in low and moderate speed, S and W-MD in high speed, and FB combined low and high speed.

  18. A prospective study of periodontal disease and risk of gastric and duodenal ulcer in male health professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boylan, Matthew R; Khalili, Hamed; Huang, Edward S; Michaud, Dominique S; Izard, Jacques; Joshipura, Kaumudi J; Chan, Andrew T

    2014-02-13

    Periodontal disease has been associated with higher circulating levels of inflammatory markers and conditions associated with chronic inflammation, including vascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and cancer. Limited data exist on the relationship between periodontal disease and gastric and duodenal ulcer. We conducted a prospective cohort study of 49,120 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, aged 40-75 years at enrollment in 1986. Biennially, we assessed periodontal disease, tooth loss, and other risk factors for gastric and duodenal ulcer. We validated diagnoses of gastric and duodenal ulcer through medical record review. We used Cox proportional hazards modeling, adjusting for potential confounders, to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). We documented 138 cases of gastric ulcer and 124 cases of duodenal ulcer with available information on Helicobacter pylori status over 24 years of follow-up. After adjustment for risk factors, including smoking and regular use of aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, men with periodontal disease with bone loss had a multivariate HR of ulcer of 1.62 (95% CI, 1.24-2.12). Periodontal disease appeared to be associated with a similar risk of developing ulcers that were H. pylori negative (HR 1.75; 95% CI, 1.26-2.43) than H. pylori positive (HR 1.40; 95% CI, 0.87-2.24), as well as ulcers in the stomach (HR 1.75; 95% CI, 1.21-2.53) than ulcers in the duodenum (HR 1.47; 95% CI, 0.98-2.19). Periodontal disease is associated with an increased risk of incident gastric and duodenal ulcer. This relationship may be mediated by alterations in the oral and gastrointestinal microbiome and/or systemic inflammatory factors.

  19. [Evaluation of professional development of Cambodian male nurses specializing in anesthesia and intensive care, trained through humanitarian care programs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinosa, C; Gagnayre, R

    1998-01-01

    To assess the working conditions of Cambodian male nurses specialised in anaesthesia and intensive care (NSAIs), degree of satisfaction, whether training was suited to the Cambodian needs and practical application of training. Prospective survey. Two training years including 30 NSAIs. External assessors evaluated working conditions, practice of anaesthesia, analysed logbooks and theatre reports, organised semi-directive interviews and examinations using clinical cases. Out of the 30 NSAIs, 28 had an appointment, mainly in anaesthesia (80% of their activity) and three-quarters of them felt that their skills were appreciated by their superiors. Seventeen had some form of responsibility in the management of a department. For the administration of an anaesthetic, 13 NSAIs of the second year had achieved an acceptable level of performance and resolved effectively 85% of the submitted cases. Twenty-two NSAIs reported difficulty in applying techniques learned during their training to real working conditions. The causes were poor equipment, poor organisation and poor relations with the hierarchy. The latter cause decreased the capacity to take appropriate decisions, which was the most common error made by the second year NSAIs. Finally, as their wages remained unchanged, 19 out of the 28 NSAIs were obliged to look for an additional source of income. This survey shows the medium-term effectiveness of an NSAI training programme basing on teaching and public health principles and organised in the humanitarian aid sector.

  20. A prospective epidemiological study of injury incidence and injury patterns in a Hong Kong male professional football league during the competitive season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justin Wai-Yuk Lee

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the match and training injury incidence, injury patterns and severity, and their monthly variation in a Hong Kong male professional football league. The study design was a prospective cohort study. Seven teams in the Hong Kong Football Association first division league and 152 players from 10 professional teams participated in this study. On a weekly basis throughout the 9-month season, time-loss injuries and individual exposure were collected from injury recorders team visits. Operational injury definitions and procedures followed the recommendations of a football consensus. The overall injury incidence was 7.4 injuries/1000 player hours and 296 injuries were recorded. The relative risk of match injury was 17 times greater than the risk of training injury [relative ratio (RR, 17.3; 95% confidence injury (CI, 11.6–25.7; p < 0.001]. Ankle sprain was the most common injury type (16.2% of all injuries and 52% of these injuries were recurrent. Thigh strain was the second most common injury type with 82% of the injuries involving the hamstring muscle and 80% of hamstring strains were noncontact injuries. During the competitive season, the relative risk of injury was highest in October (RR, 6.8; 95% CI, 6.7–6.9; p < 0.001 and February (RR, 4.7; 95% CI, 4.3–5.2; p < 0.001. This highlighted that Hong Kong professional football has a high match injury incidence. The relative risk of injury was highest at the beginning of the competitive season. A prospective multicentre epidemiological study is warranted to examine regional differences in injury risks. Coaches, players, health professionals, and researchers should join their efforts to investigate the effect on injury incidence and injury pattern associated with the duration and content of the preseason period, and the number of friendly matches held during preseason.

  1. Altos custos financeiros do trauma vascular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Costa-Val

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Demonstrar o custo e impacto financeiro referente à primeira abordagem cirúrgica das lesões vasculares em pacientes admitidos no Hospital João XXIII/FHEMIG, entre os anos de 2004 a 2006. MéTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo com aprovação ética, retrospectivo, de coorte e descritivo realizado a partir da auditoria de contas hospitalares referentes a 70 prontuários catalogados pelo Serviço de Trauma Cardiovascular. RESULTADOS: Cinco (7,14% prontuários foram excluídos por má qualidade técnica. O valor monetário repassado pelo Sistema Único de Saúde e pelo setor privado foram de R$ 103.614,96 (US$ 60.949,97 e de R$ 185.888,21 (US$ 109.346,0, respectivamente, implicando em defasagem potencial de 44%. Houve correlação direta entre custos e topografia anatômica das lesões e exponencial em relação às variáveis hemoderivados e próteses vasculares. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo corrobora os altos custos do trauma vascular e fortalece a importância da auditoria de contas para as tomadas de decisões médicas.

  2. Criterios para identificar patolog?as de alto costo en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Cuenta de alto costo, MinSalud

    2010-01-01

    Al identificar posibles pacientes de alto costo se debe definir si existen caracter?sticas que determinan su comportamiento como pacientes de alto costo, para definir si dicha patolog?a puede considerarse como Enfermedad de Alto Costo en Colombia.

  3. Synthetic Augmented Suture Anchor Reconstruction for a Complete Traumatic Distal Triceps Tendon Rupture in a Male Professional Bodybuilder with Postoperative Biomechanical Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria-Elissavet Nikolaidou

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bodybuilding is a high-risk sport for distal triceps tendon ruptures. Management, especially in high-demanding athletes, is operative with suture anchor refixation technique being frequently used. However, the rate of rerupture is high due to underlying poor tendon quality. Thus, additional augmentation could be useful. This case report presents a reconstruction technique for a complete traumatic distal triceps tendon rupture in a bodybuilder with postoperative biomechanical assessment. A 28-year-old male professional bodybuilder was treated with a synthetic augmented suture anchor reconstruction for a complete triceps tendon rupture of his right dominant elbow. Postoperative biomechanical assessment included isokinetic elbow strength and endurance testing by using multiple angular velocities to simulate the “off-season” and “precompetition” phases of training. Eighteen months postoperatively and after full return to training, the biomechanical assessment indicated that the strength and endurance of the operated elbow joint was fully restored with even higher ratings compared to the contralateral healthy arm. The described reconstruction technique can be considered as an advisable option in high-performance athletes with underlying poor tendon quality due to high tensile strength and lack of donor site morbidity, thus enabling them to restore preinjury status and achieve safe return to sports.

  4. Synthetic Augmented Suture Anchor Reconstruction for a Complete Traumatic Distal Triceps Tendon Rupture in a Male Professional Bodybuilder with Postoperative Biomechanical Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolaidou, Maria-Elissavet; Banke, Ingo J.; Laios, Thomas; Petsogiannis, Konstantinos; Mourikis, Anastasios

    2014-01-01

    Bodybuilding is a high-risk sport for distal triceps tendon ruptures. Management, especially in high-demanding athletes, is operative with suture anchor refixation technique being frequently used. However, the rate of rerupture is high due to underlying poor tendon quality. Thus, additional augmentation could be useful. This case report presents a reconstruction technique for a complete traumatic distal triceps tendon rupture in a bodybuilder with postoperative biomechanical assessment. A 28-year-old male professional bodybuilder was treated with a synthetic augmented suture anchor reconstruction for a complete triceps tendon rupture of his right dominant elbow. Postoperative biomechanical assessment included isokinetic elbow strength and endurance testing by using multiple angular velocities to simulate the “off-season” and “precompetition” phases of training. Eighteen months postoperatively and after full return to training, the biomechanical assessment indicated that the strength and endurance of the operated elbow joint was fully restored with even higher ratings compared to the contralateral healthy arm. The described reconstruction technique can be considered as an advisable option in high-performance athletes with underlying poor tendon quality due to high tensile strength and lack of donor site morbidity, thus enabling them to restore preinjury status and achieve safe return to sports. PMID:24711944

  5. Casas de altos en Concepción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Fischer Pérez

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available La casa de altos es una construcción eminentemente urbana. Pareada junto a otras construcciones, va formando bordes continuos, cuyos primeros pisos son generalmente comerciales y los superiores habitacionales.

  6. Diseño de una Fuente de Alto Voltaje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Enrique Eirez Izquierdo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Este documento presenta las experiencias en el diseño de una fuente de alto voltaje, basada en multiplicadores de media onda. La fuente garantizará un voltaje de salida en el orden de 102 V y una corriente en el orden de 10-3 A. Se muestran y analizan resultados experimentales encaminados a su aplicación en la alimentación de un generador de pulsos de alto voltaje.

  7. Discussion about different cut-off values of conventional hamstring-to-quadriceps ratio used in hamstring injury prediction among professional male football players.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Grygorowicz

    muscle injury detection. The use of 0.47 of Hcon/Qcon as a discriminate value resulted in significantly lower sensitivity when compared to 0.658 threshold (sensitivity of 16.7% vs. 91.7%, respectively; t = 6.125,p = 0.0133. Calculated values of specificity (when three different cut-off were applied were also significantly different. Threshold of 0.6 of Hcon/Qcon resulted with significantly lower specificity compared to 0.47 value (specificity of 46.9% vs. 94.5%, respectively; t = 153.0,p<0.0001, and significantly higher specificity when compared to 0.658 (specificity of 46.9% vs. 24.1%, respectively; t = 229.0, p<0.0001.The use of different cut-off values for Hcon/Qcon significantly affected the sensitivity and specificity of isokinetic testing. The interpretation of usefulness of isokinetic test as a screening tool in a group of male professional football players to predict hamstring injury occurrence within the next 12 months might be therefore significantly biased due to the different threshold values of Hcon/Qcon. Using one "normative" value as a cut-off (e.g. 0.47 or 0.60, or 0.658 to quantify soccer players (or not to the group with a higher risk of knee injury might result in biased outcomes due to the natural strength asymmetry that is observed within the group of soccer players.

  8. Stages of Male Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Breast & Gynecologic Cancers Breast Cancer Screening Research Male Breast Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information about Male Breast Cancer Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Male ...

  9. Liderazgo servidor y equipos de alto desempeño

    OpenAIRE

    Mejía Villegas, Estefanía

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo de este ensayo es mostrar cómo el liderazgo servidor influye positivamente en el desarrollo de los equipos de alto desempeño. En el ensayo se desarrollan la temática del liderazgo servidor y su principal objetivo, a la vez que se describen las características de un equipo de alto desempeño y sus etapas de desarrollo, cómo son influenciadas por el liderazgo servidor y cómo este modelo puede cumplir con sus requerimientos. 

  10. Technical and scientific report of the Alto project; Rapport scientifique et technique du projet ALTO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Essabaa, S.; Gardes, D.; Grialou, D.; Ibrahim, F.; Le Scornet, J.C

    2002-07-01

    The Alto project means the installation of an electron linear accelerator inside the experimental area of the tandem accelerator of the nuclear physics institute of Orsay (IPNO, France). This linear accelerator comes from CERN where it was operating as a pre-injector for LEP. This equipment will allow IPNO'teams to perform fast kinetics studies in a domain different from that of ELYSE accelerator. The time resolution will not be as high as that of ELYSE (picosecond) but will be sufficient (microsecond) to produce free radicals in aqueous and gaseous media. The main expectations of this installation can be classified according 3 axis: 1) basic research (mainly the study of nuclear matter through photo-fission, 2) research and development of accelerators (by providing a test bench for new high frequency systems and superconducting components), and 3) applied research for industry concerning: biochemistry under irradiation, radiation sensibility, DNA breaking, food and drug sterilization and behaviour of electronic components under irradiation. This rapport details the research program that could be achieved with this equipment, describes its contributions in terms of economic development, cooperation with industry, student training, and specifies the needed investment and the operating and maintenance costs. (A.C.)

  11. Fístula de alto gasto High output fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Almeida Varela

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta a un paciente de 37 años de edad que acude a nuestro Cuerpo de Guardia politraumatizado, con lesiones torácicas y abdominales, con síntomas y signos sugestivos de fracturas costales múltiples, con hemotórax derecho y hemoperitoneo, corroborado imaginológicamente y en la punción abdominal. Se realiza pleurostomía mínima intermedia y laparotomía exploratoria. Se le encuentran lesiones hepáticas de los segmentos VI, V, VIII y IV, con una profundidad mayor de 3 cm, además, deserosamientos en las asas delgadas intestinales y colon. Se realiza hepatorrafia y empaquetamiento hepático. Posteriormente van apareciendo complicaciones, por lo que tiene que ser reintervenido en más de 60 ocasiones. Entre ellas, la aparición de una fístula de alto gasto, que lo llevó a la desnutrición y a la permanencia con el abdomen expuesto durante 7 meses hasta el egreso. Se revisa la literatura correspondiente a estas entidades.A 37 years-old multi-traumatized male patient went to our emergency service. He had many injures in the thorax and the abdomen, together with symptoms and signs suggestive of multiple costal fractures, with right hemothorax and hemoperitoneum, all of which was confirmed by imaging techniques and by abdominal puncture. Minimal intermediate pleurostomy and exploratory laparoscopy were performed. We found hepatic lesions in the 6th, 5th, 8th and 4th segments, over 3 cm deep; additionally, the loss of serosa from the intestinal ansae and from the colon. Hepatorrhaphy and hepatic packing were also performed. Later on, more complications appeared, so he had to be re-operated more than 60 times. The occurrence of a high output fistula led him to malnutrition and his abdomen remained exposed for 7 months until he was finally discharged from hospital. This paper also presented a literature review on this topic.

  12. The Comparison of Vertical Ground Reaction Force during Forward and Backward Walking among Professional Male Karatekas with Genu Varum and Normal Knees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heydar Sadeghi

    2017-06-01

    Conclusion: Based on the results of present study, genu varum can be considered as an effective factor on vertical ground reaction force (as predictor factor of musculoskeletal injuries among the Karate professionals, and backward walking can cause a change in vertical ground reaction force more than forward walking does.

  13. CALIFA, the Calar alto legacy integral field area survey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husemann, B.; Jahnke, K.; Sánchez, S. F.

    2013-01-01

    We present the first public data release (DR1) of the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area (CALIFA) survey. It consists of science-grade optical datacubes for the first 100 of eventually 600 nearby (0.005 < z < 0.03) galaxies, obtained with the integral-field spectrograph PMAS/PPak mounted on th...... the available interfaces and tools that allow easy access to this first publicCALIFA data at http://califa.caha.es/DR1....

  14. THE CHALLENGES FACED BY THE MALE GENDER EXECUTIVE SECRETARY PROFESSIONAL IN CONTEMPORARY ORGANIZATIONS OS DESAFIOS ENFRENTADOS PELO PROFISSIONAL DE SECRETARIADO EXECUTIVO DO GÊNERO MASCULINO NAS ORGANIZAÇÕES CONTEMPORÂNEAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conceição de Maria Pinheiro Barros

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    The Professional Executive Secretary has been occupying space increasingly evident in the labor market and organizational structure, both because of market demand, the needs of dynamism in the modern administration that demonstrates the growth of the reference to it. It has sought in his field vision and attitude of performance excellence with fulfilling its role with its own characteristics. This study aims to investigate the general challenges for the Executive Secretariat professional male in contemporary organizations. We defined the following objectives: to analyze the insertion of the male in the profession of Executive Secretary and identify the challenges faced by the Executive Secretary of the males to their development and professional growth. To this end, we performed a literature search, followed by a field survey. It is a qualitative research because data collected, and then make a qualitative analysis of results from selected literature. The survey was conducted in organizations from the public and private, state of Ceará. The sample was represented by professional male graduates in the executive secretariat at the Federal University of Ceará and working in the area. After analyzing the data it was concluded that despite the obstacles to be overcome, the tendency is that these opportunities work for the professional male grow, requiring that all actors in the field to seek gender equity in the profession.

    O profissional de secretariado executivo vem ocupando espaço cada vez mais evidente no mercado de trabalho e na estrutura organizacional, tanto em virtude da demanda de mercado, quanto das necessidades de dinamismo na administração moderna que demonstra o crescimento da referência deste profissional. Tem buscado em seu campo de trabalho visão e atitude de atuação com excelência cumprindo o seu papel com características próprias. Este trabalho tem como objetivo geral investigar

  15. Professional development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Jin Hee; Hartline, Beverly Karplus; Milner-Bolotin, Marina

    2013-03-01

    The three sessions of the professional development workshop series were each designed for a different audience. The purpose of the first session was to help mid-career physicists aspire for and achieve leadership roles. The second session brought together students, postdoctoral fellows, and early-career physicists to help them plan their career goals and navigate the steps important to launching a successful career. The final session sought to increase awareness of the results of physics education research, and how to use them to help students-especially women-learn physics better. The presentations and discussions were valuable for both female and male physicists.

  16. Acceleration and Orientation Jumping Performance Differences Among Elite Professional Male Handball Players With or Without Previous ACL Reconstruction: An Inertial Sensor Unit-Based Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setuain, Igor; González-Izal, Miriam; Alfaro, Jesús; Gorostiaga, Esteban; Izquierdo, Mikel

    2015-12-01

    Handball is one of the most challenging sports for the knee joint. Persistent biomechanical and jumping capacity alterations can be observed in athletes with an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Commonly identified jumping biomechanical alterations have been described by the use of laboratory technologies. However, portable and easy-to-handle technologies that enable an evaluation of jumping biomechanics at the training field are lacking. To analyze unilateral/bilateral acceleration and orientation jumping performance differences among elite male handball athletes with or without previous ACL reconstruction via a single inertial sensor unit device. Case control descriptive study. At the athletes' usual training court. Twenty-two elite male (6 ACL-reconstructed and 16 uninjured control players) handball players were evaluated. The participants performed a vertical jump test battery that included a 50-cm vertical bilateral drop jump, a 20-cm vertical unilateral drop jump, and vertical unilateral countermovement jump maneuvers. Peak 3-dimensional (X, Y, Z) acceleration (m·s(-2)), jump phase duration and 3-dimensional orientation values (°) were obtained from the inertial sensor unit device. Two-tailed t-tests and a one-way analysis of variance were performed to compare means. The P value cut-off for significance was set at P handball athletes with previous ACL reconstruction demonstrated a jumping biomechanical profile similar to control players, including similar jumping performance values in both bilateral and unilateral jumping maneuvers, several years after ACL reconstruction. These findings are in agreement with previous research showing full functional restoration of abilities in top-level male athletes after ACL reconstruction, rehabilitation and subsequent return to sports at the previous level. Copyright © 2015 American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Amplificador de Potencia de Alto Rendimiento para Transmisores EER

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega González, Francisco Javier; Gimeno Martín, Alejandro; Pardo Martin, José Manuel; Benavente Peces, César

    2008-01-01

    Se presenta un amplificador de potencia de alto rendimiento específicamente diseñado para aplicaciones EER (Envelope Elimination Restoration) en transmisores de HF. El amplificador se compone de dos subsistemas: Un amplificador clase-E de banda ancha para HF (B = 40%, POUT = 50W @ 7.5 MHz, ηOV > 90%) excitado por un driver también de banda ancha que amplifica la componente de fase de la señal y un amplificador de envolvente derivado de un amplificador clase-D de audio (o clase-S) que presenta...

  18. The academic training of the professional Agricultural engineer in Public University of El Alto (UPEA)

    OpenAIRE

    Mayta-Mamani Adelio

    2015-01-01

    La agronomía ha significado para el ser humano desde sus orígenes una de las actividades más importantes y vitales, porque tienen relación con el sustento alimenticio en las sociedades. En la actualidad el agrónomo está frente a un importante reto, quizás el más importante desde la revolución industrial. Este reto se relaciona con los alimentos transgénicos, para lograr nuevas variedades de los cultivos y con nuevas propiedades. La carrera de Ingeniería Agronómica de la Universidad Pú...

  19. Discussion about different cut-off values of conventional hamstring-to-quadriceps ratio used in hamstring injury prediction among professional male football players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grygorowicz, Monika; Michałowska, Martyna; Walczak, Tomasz; Owen, Adam; Grabski, Jakub Krzysztof; Pyda, Andrzej; Piontek, Tomasz; Kotwicki, Tomasz

    2017-01-01

    To measure the sensitivity and specificity of differences cut-off values for isokinetic Hcon/Qcon ratio in order to improve the capacity to evaluate (retrospectively) the injury of hamstring muscles in professional soccer screened with knee isokinetic tests. Retrospective study. Medical and biomechanical data of professional football players playing for the same team for at least one season between 2010 and 2016 were analysed. Hamstring strain injury cases and the reports generated via isokinetic testing were investigated. Isokinetic concentric(con) hamstring(H) and quadriceps(Q) absolute strength in addition with Hcon/Qcon ratio were examined for the injured versus uninjured limbs among injured players, and for the injured and non-injured players. 2 x 2 contingency table was used for comparing variables: predicted injured or predicted uninjured with actual injured or actual uninjured. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive values, and positive and negative likelihood ratio were calculated for three different cut-off values (0.47 vs. 0.6 vs. 0.658) to compare the discriminative power of an isokinetic test, whilst examining the key value of Hcon/Qcon ratio which may indicate the highest level of ability to predispose a player to injury. McNemar's chi2 test with Yates's correction was used to determine agreement between the tests. PQStat software was used for all statistical analysis, and an alpha level of p hamstring injuries during the analysed period. None of these players sustained recurrence of hamstring injury. One player sustained hamstring strain injury on both legs, thus the total number of injuries was 12. Application of different cut-off values for Hcon/Qcon significantly affected the sensitivity and specificity of isokinetic test used as a tool for muscle injury detection. The use of 0.47 of Hcon/Qcon as a discriminate value resulted in significantly lower sensitivity when compared to 0.658 threshold (sensitivity of 16.7% vs

  20. Feminicidios en la frontera chilena: el caso de Alto Hospicio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ainhoa Vásquez Mejías

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1999 y el 2001, varias adolescentes desaparecieron en el norte de Chile y, posteriormente, fueron encontradas muertas. La novela Alto Hospicio (2008, de Rodrigo Ramos Bañados, recrea estos feminicidios desde la visión del cómplice del único inculpado por estos crímenes. En el presente artículo se plantea que el escritor utiliza la noción de frontera como aparato crítico, con el fin de desestabilizar barreras espaciales, simbólicas y textuales que se agrupan en cuatro ejes: Bolivia-Chile, santas-putas, racionalidad-locura, ficción-realidad. Así, la novela cuestiona y deconstruye los límites para hablarnos de estos feminicidios desde un punto indeterminado, que funciona como espejo de la incertidumbre e irresolución de este caso en la justicia chilena.

  1. Technical and scientific report of the Alto project

    CERN Document Server

    Essabaa, S; Grialou, D; Ibrahim, F; Le Scornet, J C

    2002-01-01

    The Alto project means the installation of an electron linear accelerator inside the experimental area of the tandem accelerator of the nuclear physics institute of Orsay (IPNO, France). This linear accelerator comes from CERN where it was operating as a pre-injector for LEP. This equipment will allow IPNO'teams to perform fast kinetics studies in a domain different from that of ELYSE accelerator. The time resolution will not be as high as that of ELYSE (picosecond) but will be sufficient (microsecond) to produce free radicals in aqueous and gaseous media. The main expectations of this installation can be classified according 3 axis: 1) basic research (mainly the study of nuclear matter through photo-fission, 2) research and development of accelerators (by providing a test bench for new high frequency systems and superconducting components), and 3) applied research for industry concerning: biochemistry under irradiation, radiation sensibility, DNA breaking, food and drug sterilization and behaviour of electro...

  2. EL ALTO MAGDALENA- COLOMBIA DE LA MANO CON ENERGIAS ALTERNATIVAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barragán-Alturo, Ancízar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El afán por destruir un paradigma, que mantiene encadenados a los habitantes de Girardot y la región, a una compañía de distribución de la energía eléctrica con sus altos precios para el kilowatt-hora, ha inspirado la investigación CUNDINAMARCA DE LA MANO DE LAS ENERGIAS ALTERNATIVAS, demostrando por diversos caminos que el montaje de paneles solares para generación de energía eléctrica en las cubiertas de las casas es la energía alternativa para la solución de diversos problemas, entre ellos: los costos elevados, las fluctuaciones de voltaje, los cortes de energía, los daños en los electrodomésticos

  3. The Alto Moxoto Terrain in Eastern Paraiba ('Caldas Brandao Massif')

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neves, Benjamim Bley de Brito; Campos Neto, Mario da Costa; Souza, Solange Lucena de; Schmus, William Randall Van; Fernandes, Tania Maria Gomes

    2001-01-01

    The Alto Moxoto Terrane (TAM), at the east of Paraiba State is mostly composed of sheared ortho gneisses, porphyritic granodioritic gneisses and it bears an imbricated sheet of Al-rich (garnet-biotite-sillimanite) gneisses, deeply affected by migmatization phenomena. This litho-structural assemblage is drawing a regional asymmetric anti formal structure, with its axial zone running parallel to the B R-230 highway (E-W trending). It is limited in both, north (Alto Pajeu terrane) and south (Rio Capibaribe terrane) sides by important shear zones, which are feather faults connected with the development of the Pernambuco lineament, to the southwest. The adopted designation of 'terrane' is based upon its singular geological features, in terms of lithological and structural characteristics, Paleoproterozoic in age and sharp limits with the different confining terranes. TAM is here considered as a mega-fragment of the Atlantica Super continent, that was built up by the Paleoproterozoic Collage ('Transamazonian') and that was preserved in the framework of West Gondwana (Brasiliano/Pan African Collage) as a 'terrane'. This terrane shows conspicuous continuity to the far interior of the province, to the southwestern part of Pernambuco State, and so doing, it demonstrates that the former designation of 'Caldas Brandao Massif must be ruled out, as obsolete for many reasons. Geochronological determinations using Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd and U-Pb methods confirm the Paleoproterozoic age of this terrane, with the presence of some Archean protoliths as well as the various degrees of structural reworking and isotopic reseting promoted by the Brasiliano Cycle. This cycle was responsible for some intrusive granites, for most of the general geological features, like usual informal limits and even the present shape of the TAM, a typical reworked 'basement inlier'. (author)

  4. The Alto Tiberina Near Fault Observatory (northern Apennines, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauro Chiaraluce

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The availability of multidisciplinary and high-resolution data is a fundamental requirement to understand the physics of earthquakes and faulting. We present the Alto Tiberina Near Fault Observatory (TABOO, a research infrastructure devoted to studying preparatory processes, slow and fast deformation along a fault system located in the upper Tiber Valley (northern Apennines, dominated by a 60 km long low-angle normal fault (Alto Tiberina, ATF active since the Quaternary. TABOO consists of 50 permanent seismic stations covering an area of 120 × 120 km2. The surface seismic stations are equipped with 3-components seismometers, one third of them hosting accelerometers. We instrumented three shallow (250 m boreholes with seismometers, creating a 3-dimensional antenna for studying micro-earthquakes sources (detection threshold is ML 0.5 and detecting transient signals. 24 of these sites are equipped with continuous geodetic GPS, forming two transects across the fault system. Geochemical and electromagnetic stations have been also deployed in the study area. In 36 months TABOO recorded 19,422 events with ML ≤ 3.8 corresponding to 23.36e-04 events per day per squared kilometres; one of the highest seismicity rate value observed in Italy. Seismicity distribution images the geometry of the ATF and its antithetic/synthetic structures located in the hanging-wall. TABOO can allow us to understand the seismogenic potential of the ATF and therefore contribute to the seismic hazard assessment of the area. The collected information on the geometry and deformation style of the fault will be used to elaborate ground shaking scenarios adopting diverse slip distributions and rupture directivity models.

  5. The Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province: petrographic, geochemical and geochronological characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Velazquez Fernandez, Victor

    1996-01-01

    The Alto Paraguay Province is located at the border of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraguay, between the coordinates 21 deg 10 ' to 23 deg 25 ' of Southern latitude and 57 deg 10 ' to 58 deg 00 ' , having the city of Porto Murtinho as the main reference point. The geotectonic domain of the area is governed by the precambric units of the Southern extreme of the Amazonic craton which developed a long and accentuated activity, giving rise to folds and important faults, that in several cases seem to have exerted an effective control of the magmatic manifestations. Radiometric data indicate that the emplacement of the syenitic bodies took place in the Permo-Triassic period, with a major incidence in the interval 260-240 Ma, representing thus, an important phase of alkaline magmatic affinity associated to the Parana Basin which is believed is to be unique, since the other known areas (Central, Amambay and Rio Apa Provinces, Paraguay, Velasco Province, Bolivia) are considerably younger (140-120 Ma). Syenitic rocks from the Alto Paraguay Province show wide variation in the ratio 87 Sr/ 86 Sr (0.703361 - 0.707734). Excluding the Cerro Boggiani rocks (0.703837-0.707734), values for the nepheline syenites (0.703361-0.703672) general lower than those of the other syenites types. Alkaline syenites cover the interval 0.703510- 0.703872, while quartz syenites and syenogranites are 0.704562 and 0.707076, respectively. geologic evidence, in addition to petrographic, geochemical and isotopic (Sr) data, suggest that the syenitic rocks have been derived from an unique mantelic parental liquid, by fractional crystallization and assimilation processes, which are assumed to be occurred during the emplacement of the magma in the crust. (author)

  6. ¿A qué atribuyen el alto rendimiento escolar los estudiantes de buen rendimiento escolar proveniente de liceos con altos indices de vulnerabilidad?

    OpenAIRE

    Morales, Mario; Sepúlveda, Martitza

    2016-01-01

    La presente investigación tiene como finalidad comprender desde las subjetividades de los participantes egresados de secundaria, provenientes de instituciones escolares con altos índices de vulnerabilidad, los principales factores que han contribuido en la obtención de su alto rendimiento escolar. Son varios los modelos que se han utilizados para explicar el abandono de los estudiantes en los primeros años de universidad (Ethington, 1990; St. John, Cabrera y Asker, 2000; Spady, 1970; Braxton,...

  7. The Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province: petrographic, geochemical and geochronological characteristics; Provincia alcalina Alto Paraguai: caracteristicas petrograficas, geoquimicas e geocronologicas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Velazquez Fernandez, Victor

    1996-12-31

    The Alto Paraguay Province is located at the border of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraguay, between the coordinates 21 deg 10{sup `}to 23 deg 25{sup `}of Southern latitude and 57 deg 10{sup `} to 58 deg 00{sup `}, having the city of Porto Murtinho as the main reference point. The geotectonic domain of the area is governed by the precambric units of the Southern extreme of the Amazonic craton which developed a long and accentuated activity, giving rise to folds and important faults, that in several cases seem to have exerted an effective control of the magmatic manifestations. Radiometric data indicate that the emplacement of the syenitic bodies took place in the Permo-Triassic period, with a major incidence in the interval 260-240 Ma, representing thus, an important phase of alkaline magmatic affinity associated to the Parana Basin which is believed is to be unique, since the other known areas (Central, Amambay and Rio Apa Provinces, Paraguay, Velasco Province, Bolivia) are considerably younger (140-120 Ma). Syenitic rocks from the Alto Paraguay Province show wide variation in the ratio {sup 87} Sr/{sup 86} Sr (0.703361 - 0.707734). Excluding the Cerro Boggiani rocks (0.703837-0.707734), values for the nepheline syenites (0.703361-0.703672) general lower than those of the other syenites types. Alkaline syenites cover the interval 0.703510- 0.703872, while quartz syenites and syenogranites are 0.704562 and 0.707076, respectively. geologic evidence, in addition to petrographic, geochemical and isotopic (Sr) data, suggest that the syenitic rocks have been derived from an unique mantelic parental liquid, by fractional crystallization and assimilation processes, which are assumed to be occurred during the emplacement of the magma in the crust. (author) 124 refs., 52 figs., 7 tabs.

  8. The Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province: petrographic, geochemical and geochronological characteristics; Provincia alcalina Alto Paraguai: caracteristicas petrograficas, geoquimicas e geocronologicas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Velazquez Fernandez, Victor

    1997-12-31

    The Alto Paraguay Province is located at the border of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraguay, between the coordinates 21 deg 10{sup `}to 23 deg 25{sup `}of Southern latitude and 57 deg 10{sup `} to 58 deg 00{sup `}, having the city of Porto Murtinho as the main reference point. The geotectonic domain of the area is governed by the precambric units of the Southern extreme of the Amazonic craton which developed a long and accentuated activity, giving rise to folds and important faults, that in several cases seem to have exerted an effective control of the magmatic manifestations. Radiometric data indicate that the emplacement of the syenitic bodies took place in the Permo-Triassic period, with a major incidence in the interval 260-240 Ma, representing thus, an important phase of alkaline magmatic affinity associated to the Parana Basin which is believed is to be unique, since the other known areas (Central, Amambay and Rio Apa Provinces, Paraguay, Velasco Province, Bolivia) are considerably younger (140-120 Ma). Syenitic rocks from the Alto Paraguay Province show wide variation in the ratio {sup 87} Sr/{sup 86} Sr (0.703361 - 0.707734). Excluding the Cerro Boggiani rocks (0.703837-0.707734), values for the nepheline syenites (0.703361-0.703672) general lower than those of the other syenites types. Alkaline syenites cover the interval 0.703510- 0.703872, while quartz syenites and syenogranites are 0.704562 and 0.707076, respectively. geologic evidence, in addition to petrographic, geochemical and isotopic (Sr) data, suggest that the syenitic rocks have been derived from an unique mantelic parental liquid, by fractional crystallization and assimilation processes, which are assumed to be occurred during the emplacement of the magma in the crust. (author) 124 refs., 52 figs., 7 tabs.

  9. Bird diversity and conservation of Alto Balsas (Southwestern Puebla, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge E Ramírez-Albores

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge of the composition of the bird community in Alto Balsas (southwestern Puebla, Central Mexico is needed for management programs aiming at protection and conservation of bird species and their habitats I studied sites with tropical deciduous forest. Data were obtained during 1666 hours of field work in 238 days from March 1998 to September 2000. Six permanent transect (3.5 km long and 100 m wide; 30 to 40 ha in each transect were used to determine species richness in the study sites. The Shannon-Wiener diversity index was calculated for each site and Sorensen’s index was used to assess similarity between sites. One-way analysis of variance was used to test for differences between sites in species richness and diversity values. A total of 128 species were recorded, Tepexco (n = 75, H´= 3.76 and Puente Márquez (n = 61, H´= 3.62 were the sites that showed the greatest specific richness and diversity. However, species richness and diversity seasonally patterns were similar among sites (ANOVA p > 0.05, with highest diversity during the rainy season. Most species were resident; 42 were migrants. The avifauna was represented by 30 species associated with tropical deciduous forest and 12 from open habitats or heavily altered habitats. Insectivores were the best represented trophic category, followed by carnivores and omnivores. Rev. Biol. Trop. 55 (1: 287-300. Epub 2007 March. 31.Este estudio describe la diversidad avifaunística en sitios del Alto Balsas (suroeste de Puebla en el Centro de México y examina la variación en la diversidad de las especies de aves. El estudio fue llevado a cabo en sitios con presencia de bosque tropical caducifolio. Los datos fueron obtenidos durante 1666 horas de trabajo de campo en 238 días de Marzo 1998 a Septiembre 2000. Se realizaron seis transectos permanentes (de 3.5 km de longitud y 100 m de ancho; de 30 a 40 ha en cada transecto para determinar la riqueza de especies en los sitios de estudio. Se

  10. Ventaja de jugar en casa en voleibol de alto rendimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Marcelino

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este estudio se ha pretendido estudiar la ventaja en casa en el Voleibol de alto rendimiento, apoyándonos en las estadísticas de los partidos que más pueden explicar ese fenómeno. Se han analizado 65.949 acciones de juego seleccionadas de la Liga Mundial 2005. El instrumento de observación que se ha elaborado es una combinación de formato de campo con sistemas de categorías. Los datos se han obtenido mediante el "Volleyball Information System" y se han analizado mediante la prueba t de Student, y la prueba ji-cuadrado. Los resultados demuestran que hay ventaja en casa en Voleibol (57,5% de victorias jugando en casa. Las estadísticas del ataque (t= 2.49, p = 0.01, del servicio (t= -2.18, p= 0.03, de la recepción (t= 16.74, p<0.001 y de la distribución (t= 2.03, p= 0.04 muestran rendimientos superiores para los equipos que juegan en casa. No se han encontrado diferencias en el rendimiento del bloqueo (t= -0.25, p= 0.80 y la defensa (t= 0.11, p= 0.92 entre los juegos disputados en casa y los disputados fuera.

  11. Un centro ceremonial formativo en el Alto Piura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1989-01-01

    estilos diversos, cuya evolución temporal se puede seguir, tanto del punto de vista de las formas y técnicas decorativas como de la iconografía, abundante y diversificada. Estos datos, nuevos para la región, así como el análisis comparativo de los vestigios materiales, comprueban la existencia de contactos y relaciones con las demás zonas cercanas y particularmente la integración del Alto Piura a los sistemas ideológicos y religiosos más sureños. La implantación del sitio podría estar ligada a su ubicación geográfica, en el cruce de una vía de intercambio entre poblaciones costeras, andinas y selváticas, y de un camino norte-sur facilitando los contactos entre la costa norte peruana y la costa y los Andes ecuatorianos. Su ocupación parece testimoniar una situación original -caracterizada por la presencia de representantes de varias tradiciones culturales- que se mantendrá e igualmente singularizará este sector del Alto Piura durante las épocas posteriores. Research carried out since 1986 on the archaeological site of Cerro Ñañañique (Chulucanas, department of Piura has allowed the identification and description of a ceremonial complex, built and occupied between the Xth and the Vth centuries B.C.. Several phases of edification and widening of the complex have been recognized according to a general U shape plan. Several ceramic traditions of various styles and origins can be found contemporarily on the site, and their temporal evolution can be identified and followed from these points of view: forms, decorative techniques and iconography which is abundant and diverse. The data, new for this study area, and the comparative analysis of material remains demonstrate the existence of relations with nearby zones and, particularly, the integration of Alto Piura in Southern ideological and religious systems. The establishment of the site might be related to its geographic location, at the crossing of an exchange route between coastal, andean and amazonian

  12. Improved safety features in the design of Alto Lazio NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bava, G.; Cianciolo, T.; Del Nero, G.

    1988-01-01

    The ALTO LAZIO Nuclear Power Plant, two 1000Mwe units, is a BWR 6/MARK III located about 100 km north of Rome, on the Tyrrhenian Sea Coasts. The construction of the plant started in 1978, but it has recently been stopped by a Government decision following a national referendum, when the units were about 70% completed. This paper is mainly intended to illustrate the major safety features which have been implemented as result of specific requirements issued by the safety authority (ENEA DISP) during the construction permit stage or the subsequent licensing process. One of the tools used to identify the need for design modifications has been a comprehensive reliability analysis of safety system: in the paper the methods used and the major results obtained by this study are briefly presented. Also, the approach used in the investigation of severe accidents and major applications in the area of plant design and emergency procedures are briefly discussed; furthermore the trend toward a simpler mitigation concept is described

  13. Comercio e intercambio en la Hispania romana (Alto imperio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Genaro CHIC GARCÍA

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Se muestra al Alto Imperio como una etapa de desarrollo del individualismo en relación con la formación de mercados impersonales dominados por la racionalidad económica, manifiesta en signos tales como la moneda y la escritura fonético- vocálica, que va desplazando a los sistemas de relación tradicionales basados en el prestigio social y los intercambios personalizados. La formación de un Estado burocrático centralizado, sin embargo, hará colapsar el incipiente liberalismo comercial.ABSTRACT: The Early Empire is shown as a stage of development of the individualism in relation to the formation of impersonal markets dominated by the economic rationality, wich becomes evident in signs such as the coin or the phonetic-vocalic writing, that is displacing the traditional systems of relation based on the social prestige and the personalized exchange. Nevertheless, the formation of a centralized bureaucratic state will cause the incipient commercial liberalism to collapse.

  14. TNO Photometry and Spectroscopy at ESO and Calar Alto

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boehnhardt, H.; Sekiguchi, T.; Vair, M.; Hainaut, O.; Delahodde, C.; West, R. M.; Tozzi, G. P.; Barrera, L.; Birkle, K.; Watanabe, J.; Meech, K.

    New photometry and spectroscopy of Transneptunian objects (TNO) has been obtained at ESO (VLT+FORS1, NTT+SOFI) and the Calar Alto (3.5m+MOSCA) observatory. BVRI photometry of more than 10 objects confirms the general colour-colour distribution of TNOs found previously. Quasi-simultaneous spectroscopy in the visible wavelength range of 5 TNOs did not reveal any spectral signature apart from the spetral gradients which are in agreement with the broadband colours. JHK filter photometry of 3 objects indicates that the reddening may only occur in the near-IR at least in some cases. Using new observations from the ESO VLT the lightcurve, colours and spectrum of 1996TO66 are investigated: the rotation period of 6.25h is confirmed, also the change in the lightcurve between 1997 and 1998 which indicates an exceptional behaviour in this object (temporary cometary activity ?). The 1999 photometry and spectroscopy in the visible revealed solar colours, no reddening and no spectral features. V-R colour changes over the rotation phase are not found. This works is done in colaboration with:

  15. Technical and scientific report of the Alto project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Essabaa, S.; Gardes, D.; Grialou, D.; Ibrahim, F.; Le Scornet, J.C.

    2002-01-01

    The Alto project means the installation of an electron linear accelerator inside the experimental area of the tandem accelerator of the nuclear physics institute of Orsay (IPNO, France). This linear accelerator comes from CERN where it was operating as a pre-injector for LEP. This equipment will allow IPNO'teams to perform fast kinetics studies in a domain different from that of ELYSE accelerator. The time resolution will not be as high as that of ELYSE (picosecond) but will be sufficient (microsecond) to produce free radicals in aqueous and gaseous media. The main expectations of this installation can be classified according 3 axis: 1) basic research (mainly the study of nuclear matter through photo-fission, 2) research and development of accelerators (by providing a test bench for new high frequency systems and superconducting components), and 3) applied research for industry concerning: biochemistry under irradiation, radiation sensibility, DNA breaking, food and drug sterilization and behaviour of electronic components under irradiation. This rapport details the research program that could be achieved with this equipment, describes its contributions in terms of economic development, cooperation with industry, student training, and specifies the needed investment and the operating and maintenance costs. (A.C.)

  16. Dislipidemias en comunidades pehuenches de Alto Biobio chileno Dyslipidemias in Pehuenche communities from Chilean Alto Bio Bio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Navarrete Briones

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 400 habitantes (mayores de 15 años de edad de las comunidades pehuenches de Alto Biobio en Chile, de mayo a octubre del 2011, a fin de determinar la prevalencia de dislipidemias en esta población. La información necesaria se recolectó sobre la base de la normativa y los criterios del Ministerio de Salud y como resultados generales de las concentraciones plasmáticas promedio y la prevalencia de dislipidemias figuraron: colesterol total de 169,20 ±26,36 mg/dL y 8,2 %; lipoproteínas de baja densidad de 89,93 ±23,31 mg/dL y 4,5 %; triglicéridos de 145,89 ±48,96 mg/dL y 53,0 %; y lipoproteínas de alta densidad de 50 ±8,87 mg/dL y 28,3 %. Las cifras fueron inferiores en el grupo etario de 15-24 años y en personas de ascendencia pehuenche, con una pobre asociación a sobrepeso u obesidad abdominal; en general, resultaron menores a las de los citadinos.A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in 400 people (over 15 years from Pehuenche communities of the Chilean Alto Biobio, from May to October 2011, in order to determine the prevalence of dyslipidemias in this population. Necessary information was collected on the basis of regulations and criteria of the Ministry of Health, and as general results of average plasma levels and prevalence of dyslipìdemia were: total cholesterol 169.20 ± 26.36 mg/dL and 8.2%; low-density lipoproteins 89.93 ± 23.31 mg/dL and 4.5%; triglycerides 145.89 ± 48.96 mg/dL and 53.0%; and high-density lipoproteins 50 ±8.87 mg/dL and 28.3%. The values were lower in the age group of 15-24 years and in Pehuenche people with poor association with abdominal obesity or overweight; in general, they were lower than those of the city people.

  17. Busca de estruturas em grandes escalas em altos redshifts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boris, N. V.; Sodré, L., Jr.; Cypriano, E.

    2003-08-01

    A busca por estruturas em grandes escalas (aglomerados de galáxias, por exemplo) é um ativo tópico de pesquisas hoje em dia, pois a detecção de um único aglomerado em altos redshifts pode por vínculos fortes sobre os modelos cosmológicos. Neste projeto estamos fazendo uma busca de estruturas distantes em campos contendo pares de quasares próximos entre si em z Â3 0.9. Os pares de quasares foram extraídos do catálogo de Véron-Cetty & Véron (2001) e estão sendo observados com os telescópios: 2,2m da University of Hawaii (UH), 2,5m do Observatório de Las Campanas e com o GEMINI. Apresentamos aqui a análise preliminar de um par de quasares observado nos filtros i'(7800 Å) e z'(9500 Å) com o GEMINI. A cor (i'-z') mostrou-se útil para detectar objetos "early-type" em redshifts menores que 1.1. No estudo do par 131046+0006/J131055+0008, com redshift ~ 0.9, o uso deste método possibilitou a detecção de sete objetos candidatos a galáxias "early-type". Num mapa da distribuição projetada dos objetos para 22 escala. Um outro argumento em favor dessa hipótese é que eles obedecem uma relação do tipo Kormendy (raio equivalente X brilho superficial dentro desse raio), como a apresentada pelas galáxias elípticas em z = 0.

  18. Metallogenic aspects of the feldspars and micas geochemistry in pegmatite from Alto-Ligonha (Mocambique)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neves, J.M.C.

    1990-01-01

    This paper deals with metallogenic aspects concerning the huge Alto Ligonha pegmatite Province. The geological setting of the pegmatites is briefly reviewed and the metamorphic grade of the country rocks of the pegmatites, ranging from granulitic to greenschist facies, has been considered. The economically most interesting pegmatites are those emplaced within rocks with lighter metamorphism. The available geochronological data allow us to link, the most interesting pegmatites from Alto Ligonha, to the Pan-African granitoid magmatism, about 500 Ma ago. (author)

  19. Pollution in coastal fog at Alto Patache, Northern Chile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sträter, Ellen; Westbeld, Anna; Klemm, Otto

    2010-11-01

    The Atacama Desert in Northern Chile is one of the most arid places on earth. However, fog occurs regularly at the coastal mountain range and can be collected at different sites in Chile to supply settlements at the coast with freshwater. This is also planned in the fog oasis Alto Patache (20°49'S, 70°09'W). For this pilot study, we collected fog water samples in July and August 2008 for chemical analysis to find indications for its suitability for domestic use. Fog water samples were taken with a cylindrical scientific fog collector and from the net and the storage tank of a Large Fog Collector (LFC). The pHs of advective fog, originating from the stratus cloud deck over the Eastern Pacific, varied between 2.9 and 3.5. Orographic fog, which was formed locally, exhibited a pH of 2.5. About 50% of the total ionic concentration was due to sea salt. High percentages of sulfate and very high enrichment factors (versus sea salt) of heavy metals were found. Both backward trajectories and the enrichment factors indicate that the high concentrations of ions and heavy metals in fog were influenced by anthropogenic activities along the Chilean Pacific Coast such as power plants, mining, and steel industry. We found no direct indication for the importance of other sources such as the emission of dimethyl sulfide from the ocean and subsequent atmospheric oxidation for acidity and sulfate or soil erosion for heavy metal concentrations. When fog water was collected by the LFC, it apparently picked up large amounts of dry deposition which accumulated on the nets during fog-free periods. This material is rinsed off the collector shortly after the onset of a fog event with the water collected first. During the first flush, some concentrations of acidity, nitrate, As, and Se, largely exceeded the Chilean drinking water limits. Before any use of fog water for domestic purpose, its quality should be checked on a regular basis. Strategies to mitigate fog water pollution are given.

  20. camarón del Alto Golfo de California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Homero R. Cabrera M.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente la pesquería del camarón en el Alto Golfo de California genera preocupaciones referentes a su impacto sobre el medio ambiente, su viabilidad biológica y rentabilidad. Con el propósito de entender el manejo de esta pesquería y su productividad física, hemos examinado el comportamiento productivo de los barcos camaroneros de San Felipe, B.C. durante el periodo 1990-1993. Para ello usamos una función de producción frontera, flexible y no restringida, respecto a la cual estimamos la eficiencia técnica de cada una de las naves observadas. Nuestros resultados indican que la eficiencia promedio de la flota observada es del 80%, un valor de eficiencia cercano al mejor uso de la tecnología productiva y de los factores de la producción. Las naves más viejas resultaron menos eficientes, un resultado esperado; sin embargo, el tamaño de la cooperativa y calidad de su administración afectó positivamente los valores de eficiencia de las naves asociadas enmascarando con ello el efecto antes mencionado y favoreciendo el desarrollo de economías de escala. Los resultados indican también que el conocimiento acumulativo sobre la pesquería del camarón entre los productores es una variable importante, en términos de su efecto sobre la eficiencia productiva de las naves, mientras que la innovación tecnológica ha sido escasa, excepto por los excluidores de tortugas incorporados a su tecnología de captura durante 1996. Concluimos de nuestro análisis que la divulgación del conocimiento sobre la pesquería, como una variable social de cambio desincorporada a la función de producción, y el fortalecimiento de la calidad de los servicios administrativos, son dos aspectos fundamentales a promover para el desarrollo de esta pesquería. También argumentamos que la semejanza tecnológica y operativa entre ambas flotas, la de San Felipe, B.C. y el resto de la flota del camarón que pesca en el Golfo de California permite que nuestro an

  1. Male Infertility

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid and adrenal glands. Low testosterone (male hypogonadism) and other hormonal problems have a number of possible underlying causes. Defects of tubules that transport sperm. Many ... syndrome — in which a male is born with two X chromosomes and one ...

  2. Male Hypogonadism

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the hormone that plays a key role in masculine growth and development during puberty — or has an ... Adulthood In adult males, hypogonadism may alter certain masculine physical characteristics and impair normal reproductive function. Signs ...

  3. Male Infertility

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to have a baby? If treatment doesn’t work, what are our other options? Resources National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, What Causes Male Infertility? Last Updated: May 30, 2017 This ...

  4. Male contraception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amory, John K

    2016-11-01

    Although female contraceptives are very effective at preventing unintended pregnancy, some women can not use them because of health conditions or side-effects, leaving some couples without effective contraceptive options. In addition, many men wish to take active responsibility for family planning. Thus, there is a great need for male contraceptives to prevent unintended pregnancies, of which 80-90 million occur annually. At present, effective male contraceptive options are condoms and vasectomy, which are not ideal for all men. Therefore, efforts are under way to develop novel male contraceptives. This paper briefly reviews the advantages and disadvantages of condoms and vasectomies and then discusses the research directed toward development of novel methods of male contraception. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Condoms - male

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prophylactics; Rubbers; Male condoms; Contraceptive - condom; Contraception - condom; Barrier method - condom ... your health care provider or pharmacy about emergency contraception ("morning-after pills"). PROBLEMS WITH CONDOM USE Some ...

  6. Male contraception

    OpenAIRE

    Mathew, Vivek; Bantwal, Ganapathi

    2012-01-01

    Contraception is an accepted route for the control of population explosion in the world. Traditionally hormonal contraceptive methods have focused on women. Male contraception by means of hormonal and non hormonal methods is an attractive alternative. Hormonal methods of contraception using testosterone have shown good results. Non hormonal reversible methods of male contraception like reversible inhibition of sperm under guidanceare very promising. In this article we have reviewed the curren...

  7. Personality characteristics of Serbian male wheelchair and professional basketball players [Charakteristika osobnosti srbských basketbalistů-vozíčkářů a profesionálních basketbalistů

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fadilj Eminović

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sport, as social phenomena, may achieve a very positive influence on health and the social state of people with disability who practice it. In sport activities of athletes with disability, team sports may take a very important place. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were: a to investigate personality characteristics of male professional basketball players and wheelchair basketball players, b to compare these characteristics of two kinds of athletes. METHODS: For the purposes of this study, professional basketball players (N = 29 and wheelchair basketball players (N = 25 had completed a Cattell 16PF questionnaire which estimated personality characteristics. Differences between two groups of participants were calculated by t-test for small samples. RESULTS: Results demonstrated the existence of differences in the expression of certain forms of behaviour within certain dimensions of personality between these two groups. Wheelchair basketball players had higher scores at factor M – Abstractedness (t = -1.889; p = 0.046, which means that they are more preoccupied by themselves and their inner mental life. Wheelchair basketball players had lower scores, on factors: C – Emotional Stability (t = 2.097; p = 0.041, E – Dominance (t = 3.530; p = 0.001, F – Liveliness (t = 2.658; p = 0.010 and N – Privateness (t = 2.527; p = 0.015. CONCLUSIONS: Wheelchair basketball players are, compared with professional basketball players, more emotive; they have a lack of self-esteem, less ready for teamwork and collaboration; they are naive and unpretentious. Considering these results, coaches who are involved in work with wheelchair basketball players have to adjust their methods of trainings, especially those coaches who were working with basketball players without disability. Also, coaches' influence can stimulate eventual changes in some above mentioned characteristics of wheelchair basketball players in more desirable course

  8. Male sexuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginsberg, Terrie B

    2010-05-01

    It should be recognized that sexuality in the aging male is of such import that a complete sexual history must be performed. By taking a complete sexual history, facts can be obtained that will allow for appropriate focus relating to a holistic evaluation and will enable us to dispel antiquated sexual myths pertaining to the aging male. If initiated by the history taker, questions concerning sexuality may be discussed more comfortably by the patient. Erectile dysfunction, male sexual response cycle, testosterone, sexually transmitted diseases, human immunodeficiency virus, long-term illness, along with religion and culture are explored in this article with the aim of improving one's knowledge base, self reflection, and awareness of the importance of male sexuality. A complete understanding and appreciation of the aging male's medical history, surgical history, social history, and emotional history as well as his sexual, cultural, and religious concepts will allow the health care provider to better analyze information, and to recommend and provide appropriate advice and treatment to the aging male patient. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Professional Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    WaterSense recognizes certification programs for irrigation professionals that meet the specification criteria. Certification programs cover three areas: irrigation system design, installation and maintenance, and system auditing.

  10. Processamento da rede neocognitron para reconhecimento facial em ambiente de alto desempenho GPU

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavo Poli Lameirão da Silva

    2007-01-01

    Neste trabalho é apresentada a implementação da Rede Neural Neocognitron, usando uma arquitetura de computação de alto desempenho baseada em GPU (Graphics Processing Unit). O Neocognitron é uma rede neural artificial, proposta por Fukushima e colaboradores, constituída de vários estágios de camadas de neurônios, organizados em matrizes bidimensionais denominadas planos celulares. Para o processamento de alto desempenho da aplicação de reconhecimento facial usando neocognitron foi utilizado o ...

  11. Clinical characteristics of older male military veterans seeking treatment for erectile dysfunction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaudreau, Sherry A; Rideaux, Tiffany; Zeiss, Robert A

    2011-02-01

    Male sexual dysfunction is a significant international public health issue affecting both middle-aged and older adults. To date, however, no studies have compared age differences in psychiatric issues, frequency of sexual activity and treatment recommendations between older and middle-aged male military Veterans seeking treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED) in the U.S.A. Data were collected between 1982 and 2003 at the Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Andrology Clinic. The 1,250 participants, aged 22 to 87 years (median = 63), completed a semi-structured interview. Using multiple linear regressions, we examined age differences in five domains: medical and endocrine risk factors; psychiatric and psychosocial risk factors; frequency of sexual behaviors; self-reported and objectively measured erectile function; and treatment recommendations. Compared with middle-aged adults, older adults were more likely to present for ED treatment with medical risk factors and were more often recommended a vacuum pump treatment. Middle-aged male Veterans were more likely to experience psychiatric risk factors for ED and were more sexually active than older Veterans. Despite greater objective erectile ability in middle-aged adults, there were no age differences in maximum self-reported erectile functioning. These results provide some evidence of age-related characteristics and treatment needs of male patients seeking treatment for sexual dysfunction. We encourage health care professionals working with adults across the lifespan to consider ways to individualize psychoeducation and brief psychotherapy for the treatment of ED to the specific needs of the patient, which may vary between middle-aged and older cohorts of patients.

  12. Male baldness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Philip

    2016-04-01

    Male baldness is very common. Its effect on individuals is extremely variable, and in some people it will have a significant adverse effect on their quality of life. The objectives of this article are to help general practitioners (GPs) be aware of potential health problems related to male baldness, to have an approach to assessing hair loss and to be aware of treatment options. Male baldness is, most often, a normal occurrence, but it may have significant effects on a man's health. It may also be a pointer to other potential health issues. The GP is in the ideal position to conduct an initial evaluation, consider other health issues and advise on treatment options.

  13. Parasitosis intestinal, su relación con factores ambientales en niños del sector "Altos de Milagro", Maracaibo Intestinal parasitosis, its relation to environmental factors in children from the "Altos de Milagro", Maracaibo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madeline Espinosa Morales

    2011-09-01

    Republic of Venezuela including the predominance of children and adolescents due the poor hygienic health condition in the neighborhoods. OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence of some environmental factors present in parasitized children from the "Altos de Milgro Norte" Maracaibo, Zulia state, from December, 2008 to December, 2009. METHODS: A retrospective and descriptive study was conducted to determine the behavior of the intestinal parasitosis in children from that sector and its relation to some environmental factors using a survey carried out the author. RESULTS: Fifty six patients were cared, the 51.7 % was of male sex, this latter was the more parasitized with a 42.7 %, there was predominance of ages from 1 to 4 years with a 39.2 %, the inappropriate disposition of excretes was present in a 86.6 %, as well as the presence of vectors in a 94.6 % and 26 patients drank non-prepared water (57.8 %. CONCLUSIONS: There was high presence of disease where the male sex was the more involved; however, there was not significant differences with the female one and predominance of age group from 1 to 4 years. The high percentage obtained in study environmental factors showed that it was important in appearance, transmission and widespread of the parasitosis. Authors recommended designing programs of community interventions to avoid or to limit the appearance of these diseases.

  14. Los tambos Inca: el caso de Camata Tambo valle alto de Moquegua

    OpenAIRE

    Chacaltana Cortez, Sofía; Ministerio de Cultura

    2013-01-01

    Camata Tambo está ubicado en la parte alta del valle alto de Moquegua. Por este tambo pasa un camino Inca que viene del altiplano y continúa hacia el centro provincial de Sabaya ubicado a 1 km valle abajo.

  15. Motivación y equipos de alto desempeño

    OpenAIRE

    Olaya Gómez, Audrey Yazmin

    2015-01-01

    “Yo hago lo que usted no puede, y usted hace lo que yo no puedo. Juntos podemos hacer grandes cosas” (Teresa de Calcuta).El objetivo de este ensayo es reconocer que en un equipo de alto desempeño se requiere tanta motivación a nivel personal. 

  16. Schooling and Critical Citizenship: Pedagogies of Political Agency in El Alto, Bolivia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazar, Sian

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the formation of citizenship as social practice in a school in El Alto, Bolivia. I examine interactions between "banking" forms of education, students' responses, and embodied practices of belonging and political agency, and argue that the seemingly passive forms of knowledge transmission so criticized by critical…

  17. Esporte de alto rendimento: reflexões psicanalíticas e utópicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Hollweg Dias

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo busca fazer uma análise a respeito do esporte de alto rendimento a partir dos referenciais teóricos da Psicanálise e dos Estudos Utópicos, partindo do princípio de que a lógica do esporte de alto rendimento na contemporaneidade reverbera a lógica do laço social. A exigência da "alta performance" sempre é uma das características de nossa época que estão fortemente presentes no discurso do esporte de alto rendimento e que muitas vezes são fonte de padecimento para os sujeitos, atletas ou não. Apesar disso, o esporte ainda tem muito a contribuir na nossa sociedade, e a aposta deste trabalho é no que foi chamado utopia esportiva, que preconiza o acento na busca da superação mais do que o resultado final necessariamente no lugar mais alto do pódio.

  18. Changes without changes: the Puebla's Alto Atoyac sub-basin case in Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bressers, Johannes T.A.; Casiano Flores, Cesar Augusto

    2015-01-01

    Since the year 2000, actions at the three governmental levels have taken place to improve water quality in Mexico’s Puebla Alto Atoyac sub-basin. This paper reports a situation in which several policy actors have been striving for water quality improvement in that polluted sub-basin. However, when

  19. A nobilitação urbana no Bairro Alto: análise de um processo de recomposição sócio-espacial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Mendes

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available GENTRIFICATION IN BAIRRO ALTO: A SOCIO-SPATIAL RECOMPOSITION PROCESS ANALYSIS. The present-day phenomenon of gentrification must be contextualised in the profound economic changes which have been taking place in the urban spaces of capitalist western countries since the late 1960s. These changes cannot, however, be only understood and analysed as a result of speculating circuits of valuation/devaluation of the urban land and the estate goods existing there. The same happens with urban-architectonic policies of intervention, as well as with changes resulting from economic restructuring in the professional structure and social fabric of the city, highly skilled tertiary sector at its core. Choosing Bairro Alto as an illustrative case of this restructuring urban process in the city of Lisbon, I will analyse the most important changes in its demographic and socio-cultural structure, with the arrival of new dwellers since the beginning of the 1980s. The hypothesis is that the residential strategies’ reconfiguration of specific social sectors has been leading to the emergence of new appropriation and living models and, consequently, to the appearance of new estate products and new lodging formats in the neighbourhood. These assume the form of residential enclaves, which reinforce urban space fragmentation.

  20. Health professionals responding to men for safety (HERMES): feasibility of a general practice training intervention to improve the response to male patients who have experienced or perpetrated domestic violence and abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, Emma; Jones, Sue K; Ferrari, Giulia; Debbonaire, Thangam; Feder, Gene; Hester, Marianne

    2015-05-01

    To evaluate a training intervention for general practice-based doctors and nurses in terms of the identification, documentation, and referral of male patients experiencing or perpetrating domestic violence and abuse (DVA) in four general practices in the south west of England. Research suggests that male victims and perpetrators of DVA present to primary care clinicians to seek support for their experiences. We know that the response of primary care clinicians to women patients experiencing DVA improves from training and the establishment of referral pathways to specialist DVA services. The intervention consisted of a 2-h practice-based training. Outcome measures included: a pre-post, self-reported survey of staff practice; disclosures of DVA as documented in medical records pre-post (six months) intervention; semi-structured interviews with clinicians; and practice-level contact data collected by DVA specialist agencies. Results show a significant increase in clinicians' self-reported preparedness to meet the needs of male patients experiencing or perpetrating DVA. There was a small increase in male patients identified within the medical records (6 pre- to 17 post-intervention) but only five of those patients made contact with a specialist DVA agency identified within the referral pathway. The training increased clinicians' confidence in responding to male patients affected by DVA. The increase in recorded identification of DVA male patients experiencing or perpetrating DVA was small and contact of those patients with a specialist DVA support service was negligible. We need to better understand male help seeking in relation to DVA, further develop interventions to increase identification of male patients experiencing or perpetrating DVA behaviours, and facilitate access to support services.

  1. Professional development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McAndrew-Benavidas, E.

    2007-01-01

    This presentation outlines the functions of the North American Young Generation in Nuclear. Activities of the organization include professional development, recruiting, retention, public outreach, leadership, networking, workforce issues, mentoring and communications

  2. Production and study of fission fragments, from Lohengrin to Alto; Production et etude des fragments de fission, de Lohengrin a Alto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ibrahim, F

    2005-06-15

    The study of nuclei far from stability is constitutive of the history of nuclear physics at its very beginning and has been making considerable great strides since then. The study of these nuclei give the opportunity to reach new information on the nuclear structure and thus to measure the solidity of our knowledge on nuclear matter and its validity when it is pushed to its limits. The reaction selected for the production of exotic nuclei in the framework of the PARRNe program is the fission of uranium 238. The nuclei produced have an intermediate mass and are very rich in neutrons. The technique to recover them in order to accelerate them is the thick target method called also the Isol technique. The installation of the ancient Lep injector at the Tandem line in Orsay (IPN) is expected to increase by a factor 100 the production rate of exotic nuclei in the PARRNe program, it is the Alto project. The work presented here concerns studies carried out at the Lohengrin spectrometer installed at the ILL in Grenoble, and at the Tandem installation in Orsay. This document is divided into 4 parts: 1) in flight techniques at Lohengrin, 2) the Isol technique, 3) magic numbers in the domain N=50, and 4) the Alto project.

  3. Professional autonomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aprile, A E

    1998-02-01

    Professional autonomy may represent the first step to implementing measures that will allow CRNAs to attain a level of independent practice consistent with their clinical and educational training. Autonomy is regarded as an essential ingredient of professionalism and confers independent function at the individual practitioner level. The principle of autonomy refers to the individual's capacity to make independent decisions based on the assumption that he or she possesses the cognitive, psychological, and emotional faculties to make rational decisions. Nursing practice meets the first two criteria of professionalism--competence and dedication to an important social good. The third criterion of professionalism, autonomy, has been a focal point for controversy since the late nineteenth century, in which obedience to supervisors and physicians remained a central focus of nursing ethics teaching until the advent of feminism in the 1970s. This article presents a thorough analysis of these concepts with some thoughts on how understanding the fundamental precepts and further research may not only help maintain the current level of CRNA professional autonomy but serve to guide us to become more autonomous in the future.

  4. The Nigrescence of the "Okay" Brother: a Phenomenological Study on the Impact of an Education in a Traditionally White Learning Institution on the Racial Identity Development of Black Males in Professional Careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Hayley E.

    2012-01-01

    There are many stereotypes of the Black male that have been portrayed in the media through news stories, film, and television. They are often portrayed as shiftless, lazy, violent, or subservient, or praised for their athletic prowess, their music, or their value as entertainers. Occasionally, Black men are portrayed as the lone person of color…

  5. Tromboembolismo pulmonar masivo de alto riesgo asociado a foramen oval permeable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Miranda

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available La alta mortalidad de los pacientes con tromboembolismo pulmonar masivo de alto riesgo amerita un enfoque terapéutico enérgico e invasivo que incluya la embolectomía pulmonar quirúrgica en aquellos pacientes con contraindicación para trombolisis o trombolisis fallida. Describimos un caso de tromboembolismo pulmonar masivo de alto riesgo que recibió tratamiento quirúrgico en vez de trombolisis debido a que al momento del diagnóstico presentaba un trombo móvil a través de un foramen oval permeable con altísima posibilidad de embolismo paradójico arterial.

  6. Metodologia de avaliação e desenvolvimento de grupos de alto desempenho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Carneiro

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute a fundamentação teórica do Projeto de Avaliação e Desenvolvimento de Grupos de Alto Desempenho, concebido com base na metodologia da Meta-aprendizagem, e no Modelo Evolutivo, estendido à luz da Teoria da Complexidade. Visa ao desenvolvimento e aplicação de uma metodologia de avaliação/constituição de grupos de alto desempenho no ambiente de pesquisa e pós-graduação. A metodologia proposta validada empiricamente teve base no aproveitamento das virtudes e potencialidades das teorias que lhe deram origem. É destinado aos docentes e pesquisadores de vários campos do conhecimento, bem como aos dirigentes de instituições de educação superior e de pesquisa.

  7. El 'ayllu' reterritorializado, y su 'taypi'. La ciudad de El Alto.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Augusto Yépez Mariaca

    2010-05-01

    Twenty-five years a suburb of La Paz, now the city of El Alto, the heat of the capital's neoliberal policies, implodes in the urban area provided by flat topography as opposed to La Paz, to become today in a city with larger population and greater extent than its parent. With a population of mostly Aymara-Indian-moving and rich in its live, old traditions of the Andean Community institution like Ayllu and Aini, among others. On October 2003, the city of El Alto, the epicenter of a massive social upheaval, becoming the leader of the anti-globalization social movements. Will the 'pachakuti' "return" of the ancient traditions originate? The shop is above all 'live together', and perhaps a light at the end of the tunnel, a tunnel that big business has been built so arrogant and conceited, leaving cities now fragmented, unbalanced territories and a planet on the brink of collapse.

  8. Sonido espacial para una inmersión audiovisual de alto realismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basilio Pueo Ortega

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Los sistemas de vídeo y audio de alta inmersión tienen un auge impor-tante en entornos audiovisuales realistas. Las sensaciones visuales y sonoras que crean en el público se aproximan con un alto grado de similitud a lo percibido en el entorno real que pretenden recrear. Para ello, los estímulos deben contener toda la información necesaria, tanto espacial como temporal, que permita crear la ilusión de que el objeto audiovisual es real. En este artículo, se realiza un repaso de los sistemas audiovisuales que permiten esta recreación, con especial atención en los sistemas de audio envolvente. Se describe la técnica de audio 3D más prometedora, Wave Field Synthesis, junto con diversos campos de aplicación de entornos audiovisuales de alto realismo.

  9. The Interactive Dimension of Communication: The Pragmatics of the Palo Alto Group

    OpenAIRE

    Codruţa Porcar; Cristian Hainic

    2011-01-01

    Our paper proposes to analyze from a semiotic perspective the process of communication as conceived within the Palo Alto Group. We will firstly show that, as a result of the Group's critiques and revisions of the linear or mechanistic theories of communication, new perspectives are brought about for the essential axes of transformation within communication: we do not communicate as from a distinct atom to another, through an isolated channel, but through parts which are equal to the whole, th...

  10. Being Professional

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anne Winther

    professional care helper’ in the school setting but the job being closely related to daily life's routine tasks; the paper points to difficulties for students in identifying the exact content of the term ‘professional’. Furthermore students seem to be uncertain about their ‘professionalism’ in relation...

  11. Calidad de los servicios de anticoncepción en El Alto, Bolivia The quality of contraception services in El Alto, Bolivia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Velasco

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio tuvo por objetivo evaluar la calidad de los servicios de anticoncepción en la ciudad de El Alto, Bolivia. En su diseño se han contemplado cuatro elementos: 1 las relaciones entre los proveedores de servicios y sus clientes, 2 la disponibilidad de métodos anticonceptivos, 3 las condiciones de los servicios, y 4 la satisfacción de las usuarias. También se han tenido en cuenta las opiniones de los proveedores y de las usuarias y no usuarias de estos servicios, quienes se clasificaron como gubernamentales o no gubernamentales, de acuerdo con la administración de la institución a la que pertenecían. Los datos provinieron de un análisis de la situación de dichos servicios y de testimonios obtenidos de las participantes durante 1995. En cuanto a las relaciones interpersonales, se encontró que los proveedores percibían el trato del médico más favorablemente que las clientas, en tanto que las no usuarias lo percibían desfavorablemente. La percepción de un trato igualitario se correlacionó positivamente con la vestimenta que usaban las clientas. En cuanto a la disponibilidad de los métodos anticonceptivos, 15 de las 36 instituciones encuestadas no disponían de métodos modernos, a pesar de la existencia de una política nacional para proveerlos a la población. La oferta de estos servicios a parejas y a adolescentes es escasa, principalmente en las instituciones gubernamentales. El análisis de las condiciones de los servicios demostró que en algunas instituciones había problemas graves en la provisión de una atención de mínima calidad. Finalmente, este trabajo describe cómo la mayoría de estas limitaciones en la prestación de servicios de anticoncepción en El Alto pueden subsanarse mediante estrategias de costo moderado.The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of contraception services in the city of El Alto, Bolivia. In the study design, four components were considered: 1 interpersonal

  12. Educating professionals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne

    2011-01-01

    relates to actual development work, where a social worker education program is restructured and developed, with the aim of creating optimal transfer. The social worker must 'be able to co-operate, organize, coordinate, implement, evaluate and develop social efforts’ in accordance with the curriculum. How...... does that look in practice? Based on interviews with newly-educated social workers, I have analyzed which competences the social worker (hereafter ‘he’) uses in practice, how these competences are developed, and how the student learns to apply the competences acquired in the educational program.......The purpose of the professional bachelor’s degree is to qualify the students to act competently in a subsequent job situation. Anecdotal experience and research have shown that limited transfer between what is learned during the coursework and the subsequent professional practice. This article...

  13. Perfil demográfico dos Hupd'äh, povo Maku da região do Alto Rio Negro, Amazonas (2000-2003 Perfil demográfico de los Hupd'äh, pueblo Maku de la región del Alto Rio Negro, Amazonas (2000-2003 Demographic profile of the Hupd'äh, a Maku people living the Upper Rio Negro Region, State of Amazonas, Brazil (2000-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Machado

    2009-06-01

    íticas públicas que la favorezcan y para los debates en antropología, demografía y salud indígena. La población de 1.487 individuos, en 2003, creció un 8,4% al año en el período estudiado. Su composición por edad y sexo indica concentración de jóvenes (44,9% con menos de 15 años, además de la predominancia de población del sexo masculino. La tasa bruta de natalidad (TBN media del período fue de 33,4 nacimientos por mil habitantes, la de fecundidad total (TFT correspondió a 3,4 hijos por mujer, la de mortalidad (TBM fue de 10 muertes por mil habitantes y la de mortalidad infantil (TMI llegó a 116,3 muertes por mil nacimientos. El perfeccionamiento de la recolección de informaciones, el elevado crecimiento vegetativo y la intensa movilidad espacial de los Hupd'äh podrían explicar el alto ritmo de crecimiento verificado entre 2000 y 2003.The Hupd'äh are a people of the Maku language who live in the Upper Rio Negro Region in Amazonas, Brazil. Indigenous leaders, anthropologists, missionaries and health professionals all say that this population lives under very precarious conditions of health, with high overall and child mortality rates. On the basis of data derived from the Special Indigenous District of Rio Negro (DSEI-RN, of Funasa/MS, for the period of 2000-2003, a descriptive study was conducted to evaluate the demographic and general profiles of the group The study also had the objective of contributing to the implementation of public policies for them, and for debates in the areas of anthropology, demography and indigenous health. The population of 1,487 individuals in 2003 grew 8.4% per year during the period studied. Composition by age and sex indicates a concentration of young people (44.9% under the age of 15, and a greater percentage of males. The average gross fertility rate (TBN for the period was 33.4 births per 1000 inhabitants, and total fertility (TFT was 3.4 children per woman. Mortality rate (TBM was 10 deaths per 1000 inhabitants and

  14. A Community in Life and Death: The Late Neolithic Megalithic Tomb at Alto de Reinoso (Burgos, Spain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurt W Alt

    Full Text Available The analysis of the human remains from the megalithic tomb at Alto de Reinoso represents the widest integrative study of a Neolithic collective burial in Spain. Combining archaeology, osteology, molecular genetics and stable isotope analysis (87Sr/86Sr, δ15N, δ13C it provides a wealth of information on the minimum number of individuals, age, sex, body height, pathologies, mitochondrial DNA profiles, kinship relations, mobility, and diet. The grave was in use for approximately one hundred years around 3700 cal BC, thus dating from the Late Neolithic of the Iberian chronology. At the bottom of the collective tomb, six complete and six partial skeletons lay in anatomically correct positions. Above them, further bodies represented a subsequent and different use of the tomb, with almost all of the skeletons exhibiting signs of manipulation such as missing skeletal parts, especially skulls. The megalithic monument comprised at least 47 individuals, including males, females, and subadults, although children aged 0-6 years were underrepresented. The skeletal remains exhibited a moderate number of pathologies, such as degenerative joint diseases, healed fractures, cranial trauma, and a low intensity of caries. The mitochondrial DNA profiles revealed a pattern pointing to a closely related local community with matrilineal kinship patterns. In some cases adjacent individuals in the bottom layer showed familial relationships. According to their strontium isotope ratios, only a few individuals were likely to have spent their early childhood in a different geological environment, whilst the majority of individuals grew up locally. Carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis, which was undertaken to reconstruct the dietary habits, indicated that this was a homogeneous group with egalitarian access to food. Cereals and small ruminants were the principal sources of nutrition. These data fit in well with a lifestyle typical of sedentary farming populations in the

  15. A Community in Life and Death: The Late Neolithic Megalithic Tomb at Alto de Reinoso (Burgos, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrido-Pena, Rafael; Knipper, Corina; Szécsényi-Nagy, Anna; Roth, Christina; Tejedor-Rodríguez, Cristina; Held, Petra; García-Martínez-de-Lagrán, Íñigo; Navitainuck, Denise; Arcusa Magallón, Héctor; Rojo-Guerra, Manuel A.

    2016-01-01

    The analysis of the human remains from the megalithic tomb at Alto de Reinoso represents the widest integrative study of a Neolithic collective burial in Spain. Combining archaeology, osteology, molecular genetics and stable isotope analysis (87Sr/86Sr, δ15N, δ13C) it provides a wealth of information on the minimum number of individuals, age, sex, body height, pathologies, mitochondrial DNA profiles, kinship relations, mobility, and diet. The grave was in use for approximately one hundred years around 3700 cal BC, thus dating from the Late Neolithic of the Iberian chronology. At the bottom of the collective tomb, six complete and six partial skeletons lay in anatomically correct positions. Above them, further bodies represented a subsequent and different use of the tomb, with almost all of the skeletons exhibiting signs of manipulation such as missing skeletal parts, especially skulls. The megalithic monument comprised at least 47 individuals, including males, females, and subadults, although children aged 0–6 years were underrepresented. The skeletal remains exhibited a moderate number of pathologies, such as degenerative joint diseases, healed fractures, cranial trauma, and a low intensity of caries. The mitochondrial DNA profiles revealed a pattern pointing to a closely related local community with matrilineal kinship patterns. In some cases adjacent individuals in the bottom layer showed familial relationships. According to their strontium isotope ratios, only a few individuals were likely to have spent their early childhood in a different geological environment, whilst the majority of individuals grew up locally. Carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis, which was undertaken to reconstruct the dietary habits, indicated that this was a homogeneous group with egalitarian access to food. Cereals and small ruminants were the principal sources of nutrition. These data fit in well with a lifestyle typical of sedentary farming populations in the Spanish Meseta during

  16. Calidad del coque de Horno Alto en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvarez, R.

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available After a brief review of the coking technology at the beginning of the new millennium, blast furnace coke quality criteria of most of EU countries, presented by the European Blast Furnace Committee in the 4th European Coke and Ironmaking Congress, are compared with those used by the Spanish Steel Industry at Aceralia. Blast furnace coke quality is very high in EU's countries in order to meet the requirements of bigger blast furnaces commissioned in the last years. CSR index is the most important parameter in the control of coke quality in Europe.

    En el presente trabajo se ha llevado a cabo una breve revisión de las tecnologías de coquización existentes al comienzo del nuevo milenio. Los criterios de calidad del coque de Horno Alto de la mayoría de los países de la Unión Europea, recogidos por el European Blast Furnace Committee, y que fueron presentados en el 4th European Coke and Ironmaking Congress en París durante el año 2000, se comparan con los utilizados por la industria siderúrgica española Aceralia. Como consecuencia del sensible aumento experimentado en el tamaño de los modernos Hornos Altos durante los últimos años, se ha podido comprobar que, en la UE, los valores de los diversos parámetros de control de calidad del coque son bastante similares y con unos requerimientos muy elevados. Asimismo, en la UE el parámetro CSR se ha convertido en el más importante para el control de la calidad del coque de Horno Alto.

  17. Estudio microbiológico de los alimentos elaborados en comedores colectivos de alto riesgo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez-Silva García Mª del Carmen

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Valorar los resultados del análisis microbiológico de los alimentos preparados en comedores colectivos de alto riesgo, con el fin de conocer el grado de contaminación de los alimentos, analizar las causas de dicha contaminación y mejorar la situación sanitaria de estos establecimientos. MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional descriptivo con los datos obtenidos de la inspección sanitaria en 44 comedores colectivos de alto riesgo, que incluyó el análisis microbiológico de 90 alimentos, así como la inspección sanitaria de los establecimientos. RESULTADOS: En los colegios los microorganismos mesófilos fueron los contaminantes más frecuentes; en las guarderías y residencias de ancianos predominaron los indicadores de higiene deficiente en la manipulación de alimentos. Los microorganismos mesófilos se encontraron durante los meses fríos en mayor proporción que durante los meses cálidos. Los indicadores de higiene deficiente aparecieron generalmente en los alimentos preparados en establecimientos en los que se observaron deficiencias. Los microorganismos psicrótrofos no se encontraron en ninguno de los alimentos recogidos en guarderías y sí en colegios y residencias de ancianos. CONCLUSIONES: Este estudio indica qué problemas predominan en cada tipo de comedor colectivo de alto riesgo. Los mesófilos aparecen en los alimentos elaborados en cocinas de tamaño grande, los indicadores de higiene deficiente se encontraron asociados a una manipulación de alimentos por personal no profesional y a establecimientos con deficiencias, y los psicrótrofos se detectaron en aquellos establecimientos que guardan la comida sobrante. Se sugieren recomendaciones para la eliminación de los problemas detectados.

  18. Rb-Sr measurements on metamorphic rocks from the Barro Alto Complex, Goias, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fuck, R.A.; Neves, B.B.B.; Cordani, U.G.; Kawashita, K.

    1988-01-01

    The Barro Alto Complex comprises a highly deformed and metamorphosed association of plutonic, volcanic, and sedimentary rocks exposed in a 150 x 25 Km boomerang-like strip in Central Goias, Brazil. It is the southernmost tip of an extensive yet discontinuous belt of granulite and amphibolite facies metamorphic rocks which include the Niquelandia and Cana Brava complexes to the north. Two rock associations are distinguished within the granulite belt. The first one comprises a sequence of fine-grained mafic granulite, hypersthene-quartz-feldspar granulite, garnet quartzite, sillimanite-garnet-cordierite gneiss, calc-silicate rock, and magnetite-rich iron formation. The second association comprises medium-to coarse-grained mafic rocks. The medium-grade rocks of the western/northern portion (Barro Alto Complex) comprise both layered mafic rocks and a volcanic-sedimentary sequence, deformed and metamorphosed under amphibolite facies conditions. The fine-grained amphibolite form the basal part of the Juscelandia meta volcanic-sedimentary sequence. A geochronologic investigation by the Rb-Sr method has been carried out mainly on felsic rocks from the granulite belt and gneisses of the Juscelandia sequence. The analytical results for the Juscelandia sequence are presented. Isotope results for rocks from different outcrops along the gneiss layer near Juscelandia are also presented. In conclusion, Rb-Sr isotope measurements suggest that the Barro Alto rocks have undergone at least one important metamorphic event during Middle Proterozoic times, around 1300 Ma ago. During that event volcanic and sedimentary rocks of the Juscelandia sequence, as well as the underlying gabbro-anorthosite layered complex, underwent deformation and recrystallization under amphibolite facies conditions. (author)

  19. Simulación clínica de alto realismo: una experiencia en el pregrado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Riancho

    Full Text Available Introducción. La simulación con modelos de alto realismo se utiliza a menudo en la formación de los profesionales sanitarios. Sin embargo, son escasas las experiencias en el pregrado. El objetivo de este trabajo fue conocer la factibilidad y la aceptación de su aplicación con estudiantes de sexto curso de la licenciatura de Medicina. Materiales y métodos. Se diseñaron ocho escenarios que simulaban problemas clínicos frecuentes para su desarrollo con maniquíes de alto realismo. Los estudiantes se dividieron en grupos de 6-8 sujetos, cada uno de los cuales atendió dos casos durante 30 minutos. Posteriormente se llevó a cabo un análisis reflexivo durante 25-40 minutos. La actividad se repitió en dos años consecutivos. Al final se recabó la opinión de los estudiantes mediante encuestas anónimas. Resultados. La actividad fue valorada muy positivamente por los estudiantes, quienes la consideraron como "útil" (4,8 y 4,9 puntos sobre 5 e "interesante" (4,9 y 4,9 puntos. El tiempo preciso para preparar cada escenario fue de unas 3 horas. Fueron necesarias una jornada completa de un profesor, un técnico y un enfermero para que un colectivo de unos 40 estudiantes se expusiera a dos casos clínicos. Conclusiones. Esta experiencia piloto sugiere que la simulación de alto realismo es factible en el pregrado, supone un consumo razonable de recursos y tiene una elevada aceptación por parte de los estudiantes. No obstante, se necesitan otros estudios que confirmen la impresión subjetiva de que resulta útil para potenciar el aprendizaje de los alumnos y su competencia clínica.

  20. Professional C++

    CERN Document Server

    Gregoire, Marc

    2014-01-01

    Master complex C++ programming with this helpful, in-depth resource From game programming to major commercial software applications, C++ is the language of choice. It is also one of the most difficult programming languages to master. While most competing books are geared toward beginners, Professional C++, Third Edition, shows experienced developers how to master the latest release of C++, explaining little known features with detailed code examples users can plug into their own codes. More advanced language features and programming techniques are presented in this newest edition of the book,

  1. Estudio del balance energético en velocistas de alto rendimiento

    OpenAIRE

    Lorente Gutiérrez, Jesús

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el balance energético en tres atletas de alto rendimiento durante 28 días, que coincidieron con el periodo competitivo de pista cubierta. La ingesta energética fue estudiada a partir de registros alimentarios durante los 28 días. Del mismo modo, el gasto energético fue estimado por tres métodos, mediante registros de actividad durante 28 días, mediante el estudio del ritmo metabólico basal estudiado por calorimetría indirecta, aplicándole el fa...

  2. Manual de auditoría interna para Instituto de Altos Estudios Nacionales

    OpenAIRE

    Bungacho Lamar, Fredy, Dr.

    2010-01-01

    La Ley Orgánica de Administración Financiera y Control responsabiliza a cada institución del Estado la implementación y aplicación del Sistema de Control Interno con la finalidad de precautelar los recursos públicos. Este trabajo investigativo sirve como guía para unificar los procedimientos, en la ejecución de las Auditoría de los profesionales que integren la Unidad de auditoría Interna del Instituto de altos Estudios Nacionales. Este Manual de Auditoría Interna, se compone de 6 capí...

  3. Assessing impact of hunting mammals in Alto Itaya river basin, Peruvian Amazon

    OpenAIRE

    Aquino, Rolando; Terrones, C.; Navarro, R.; Terrones, Wagner

    2013-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se informa sobre la abundancia, presión de caza y el impacto de la caza en mamíferos que habitan los bosques de la cuenca del río Alto Itaya. La información procede de censos por transectos y registros de caza llevados a cabo en seis comunidades. Entre los mamíferos de caza, el choro (Lagothrix poeppigii Schinz) fue el más abundante con 15,4 individuos/km², mientras que el mono aullador (Alouatta seniculus Linnaeus) y el venado colorado (Mazama americana Erxleben) fuero...

  4. PARSJAD, il Parco Archeologico dell’Alto Adriatico: un luogo diffuso, unito dalla tecnologia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Buniotto

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Eight partners, coordinated by the Veneto Region, are working on an ambitious project with an innovative approach and tools, and with the ability to conserve content and exploit the immense archaeological heritage of the area concerned.This was the birth of the Parco Archeologico dell’Alto Adriatico (Upper Adriatic Archaeological Park, a project funded by the Italy‐Slovenia 2007-2013 Cooperation Programme, with the aim of tracing a unified and cross-border pathof knowledge running from the coast of Emilia to the one in Slovenia.

  5. Panstrongylus megistus em ecótopos artificiais de ilhas do Alto Rio Paraná

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Ana Lucia Falavigna

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Em resposta a denúncias de triatomíneos em ilhas do Alto Rio Paraná foram investigados 145 ecótopos artificiais e 4 (2,8% deles encontravam-se infestados: residência, "clube", ex-escola e monte de madeira. Foram analisados 17 de 35 P. megistus coletados; 12 (70,6% apresentavam-se infectados por Trypanosoma cruzi. Ave e roedor constituíram as fontes alimentares mais comuns. Todos os exames sorológicos (56 de humanos, 18 de cães e 10 de gatos foram negativos.

  6. Sentidos de Vitória/Derrota para os Pais Segundo Atletas do Alto Rendimento

    OpenAIRE

    Amblard, Isabela; Cruz, Fatima Leite

    2015-01-01

    Este estudo compreendeu as representações sociais da vitória/derrota para os pais segundo atletas-adolescentes do esporte de alto rendimento, na cidade do Recife. A adolescência é compreendida a partir da Psicologia Social-histórica, e o embasamento teórico-metodológico da Teoria das Representações Sociais abordou os sujeitos em diferentes contextos socioculturais, lugares de pertencimento, experiências, crenças, saberes e sentimentos compartilhados. Adotou-se a perspectiva pluri metodológica...

  7. Projeto : Plano de promoção para os roteiros municipais do Alto Alentejo

    OpenAIRE

    Dimas, Alicia

    2012-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado em Marketing e Promoção Turística apresentada à ESTM - Escola Superior de Turismo e Tecnologia do Mar do Instituto Politécnico de Leiria O presente projeto pretende delinear as linhas mestras de um plano de promoção para o produto Roteiros Municipais. O produto, cujo objetivo é auxiliar a atividade turística na região do Alto Alentejo (Portugal), foi colocado recentemente no mercado sem qualquer estratégia de marketing associada – este projeto pretende preencher ess...

  8. Invernaderos sostenibles para la producción de hortalizas en zonas alto andinas del Cusco

    OpenAIRE

    Zanabria Pacheco, Pedro Fortunato

    2015-01-01

    La investigación tiene como objetivo determinar la importancia en el uso de los invernaderos sostenibles para la producción de hortalizas en las zonas alto andinas del Curso. Para ello, se han diseñado y construido dos prototipos de invernaderos a 3330 msnm, variando la orientación y forma del techo, permitiendo la producción de hortalizas en la estación fría. A la vez está investigación servirá como base para aplicar el proyecto sobre la tecnología de producción sostenible de hortalizas bajo...

  9. Trastorno de espectro autista de alto funcionamiento y su relación con la familia

    OpenAIRE

    González Villafáñez, María Felisa

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en analizar las dificultades que tienen los adolescentes con Trastorno del Espectro Autista de Alto Funcionamiento (TEA-AF), en sus relaciones sociales y familiares. Este análisis ha requerido la revisión de las diversas definiciones y teorías explicativas del citado trastorno. A su vez también se describen las terapias conocidas hasta hoy para crear un programa de apoyo a los familiares (padres, hermanos, abuelos…) que se relacionan con dicho adolescente....

  10. Prevalencia de trastornos psicológicos en deportistas españoles de alto rendimiento

    OpenAIRE

    Marí Cortés, Josep; Pérez Recio, Guillermo

    1997-01-01

    El artículo compara la prevalencia de psicopatologías en una muestra de 1376 deportistas españoles de alto rendimiento con la incidencia de las mismas alteraciones psicológicas en la población general. Para explicar la prevalencia hallada en la muestra de deportistas, se sugieren y analizan tres hipótesis (la autoselección, el efecto psicológico beneficioso la práctica de actividad física y la generalización, a los conflictos personales, de las pautas de enfrentamiento que han resultado previ...

  11. Conservation and public presentation of the argaric site of Castellón Alto (Galera, Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez-Ariza, M. Oliva

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available The magnificent preservation of the archaeological site of Castellón Alto permitted reconstruction of the urbanism of this settlement and the life of its inhabitants. In addition to the necessary conservation, two interventions have been carried out with the principal objective of facilitating access, visiting, and the understanding of the site by the majority of the public. The first intervention happened in 1989 and the main task was centered on the consolidation, restoration, and delimiting of the archaeological bed. The second one happened in 1997 and was centered in the consolidation and reconstruction of both a hut and two tombs. With the opening of the Archaeological Museum of Galera, the cultural and touristic contribution of Castellón Alto will be complete. It will provide an interpretation of this prehistoric village, as well as the Argaric culture in general and all the other archaeological sites of the area.

    La magnífica conservación del registro arqueológico del Castellón Alto permitía reconstruir el urbanismo del poblado y la vida de estas poblaciones. Se han efectuado dos actuaciones con el objetivo principal de facilitar, además de la necesaria conservación, el acceso, la visita y la comprensión del poblado prehistórico por parte de un público mayoritario. La primera actuación se realizó en 1989 y los trabajos se centraron principalmente en la consolidación, restauración y cerramiento del área del yacimiento. La segunda se realizó en 1997 y se centró en el acondicionamiento y reconstrucción de una cabaña y dos sepulturas. La oferta turística y cultural que ofrece el Castellón Alto se completará con la próxima apertura del Museo Arqueológico de Galera, donde se efectuará una interpretación de este poblado y de la cultura argárica, así como del resto de yacimientos de la zona.

  12. The Prevalence of Injuries in Professional Turkish Soccer Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaner, Faruk; Gumusdag, Hayrettin; Kartal, Alparslan; Gumus, M.; Gullu, A.; Imamoglu, O.

    2011-01-01

    Study aim: To assess the prevalence and anatomical sites of injuries in professional soccer players in one game season. Material and methods: A cohort of 510 professional male soccer players consisting of 48 goalkeepers, 194 defence players, 189 mid-field players and 79 forward players of the 1st and 2nd Turkish Professional Soccer Leagues in…

  13. Serpentes peçonhentas e ofidismo em Cruzeiro do Sul, Alto Juruá, Estado do Acre, Brasil Venomous snakes and ophidism in Cruzeiro do Sul, Alto Juruá, State of Acre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Sérgio Bernarde

    2012-03-01

    in the state of Acre and to the importance of this type of research in public health, epidemiological works on snake bite accidents are of great relevance. This study presents the list of species of poisonous snakes and the epidemiological aspects of snakebites in Cruzeiro do Sul, region of Alto Juruá (State of Acre, Brazil, in order to verify the snake genera responsible for the bites, and the main aspects involving the accidents and hospital attending. The epidemiologic data were collected from SINAN (National Databank of Major Causes of Morbidity in the sector of epidemiologic vigilance of Hospital Regional do Juruá, in Cruzeiro do Sul. Seven species of poisonous snakes were recorded in Cruzeiro do Sul: three viperids (Bothrops atrox, Bothriopsis bilineata and Lachesis muta and four elapids (Micrurus hemprichii, M. lemniscatus, M. remotus and M. surinamensis. During a two-year period (August 2007 to July 2009 195 cases of snakebites were recorded. Fifty-one percent of the accidents were classified as lachetic (Lachesis, followed by bothropic (Bothrops and Bothriopsis with 38% and crotalic (Crotalus with 2%. In 9% of cases the snake genus involved was not informed. The majority of the accidents involved adult males living in rural areas, mainly affected in the lower limbs. The cases occurred most frequently from November to April, coinciding with the highest pluviometric levels. Most snakebites were equivocally attributed to L. muta, and were probably caused by B. atrox.

  14. Grave number 121 of the argaric site of Castellón Alto (Galera, Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Molina, Fernando

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available A new grave with partly mummified bodies was discovered during fieldwork to prepare the argaric site of Castellón Alto for public visits. Timber slabs and a dry stone wall seal the artificial cave preserving the interior. The human bones belong to one adult and one infant, both with preserved hair and skin fragments. The grave goods comprise several pottery vessels, one dagger, one ax with wooden handle, metal ornaments and fragments of flax and possibly wool.

    Recientes excavaciones en el yacimiento argárico de Castellón Alto con motivo de los trabajos de acondicionamiento para su visita publica han permitido descubrir una sepultura con restos humanos momificados en su interior. La sepultura de tipo covacha se encontraba sellada por tablones de madera y un muro de mampostería. En el interior aparecieron un individuo adulto y un infantil que conservan restos de pelo y piel. El ajuar se compone de varias vasijas cerámicas, un puñal, una azuela con mango de madera y adornos en metal, así como restos de lino y posiblemente lana.

  15. Litho-structural and geophysics features of the Alto Paranaiba Uplift

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hasui, Y.

    1991-01-01

    The Alto Paranaiba Uplift (APU) is an almost elliptical tectonic feature of the Western Minas Gerais/Southern Goias region, which was active mostly during the Cretaceous. It separated the Parana Basin, during the formation of the Sao Bento, Uberaba and Bauru sequences, from the Alto-Sanfranciscana Basin, at the time of formation of the Areado, Patos, Capacete and Urucuia sequences. The Bouguer anomaly data indicate that the APU developed at the southwestern border of the ancient Brasilia crustal block and is represented by an almost elliptical gravity high of 15 mgal, locally disturbed by positive and negative the presence of important lineaments of a NW-SE set, mostly crossing the southwestern half of the APU. The APU development, the magmatism and the lateral basin formation involved reactivation of preexisting discontinuities and are related to a mantle plume. The tectonic development was aborted at the uplift stage during Cretaceous, after the deposition of the Bauru and Urucuia sequences, as is indicated by the Pratinha peneplane, now elevated at about 1.100 m altitude, which sculpture ended at the beginning of the Tertiary. The APU is one tectonic feature like other similar anomalies also aborted in the uplift stage or in the rift stage, which developed in Southern Brazil during the time of Atlantic Ocean opening. (author)

  16. Control Neuroborroso en Red. Aplicación al Proceso de Taladrado de Alto Rendimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Gajate

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Este trabajo muestra el diseño y la implementación de un sistema neuroborroso para el modelado y control en red de un proceso de taladrado de alto rendimiento. El sistema neuroborroso considerado en este estudio es el conocido como Adaptive Network based Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS, en el que las reglas borrosas se obtienen a partir de datos entrada/salida. Para el diseño del sistema de control se ha elegido el paradigma del control por modelo interno. Los resultados obtenidos son positivos tanto en la simulación como en la aplicación al control en red de la fuerza de corte. Desde el punto de vista técnico, se aumenta la tasa de arranque de material y al mismo tiempo se garantiza un aprovechamiento efectivo de la vida útil de la herramienta de corte. Este buen comportamiento del sistema de control neuroborroso basado en control por modelo interno se ha verificado por medio de varias cifras de mérito. Palabras clave: sistemas neuroborrosos, control por modelo interno, control en red, taladrado de alto rendimiento

  17. Structure of neutron rich nuclei of Germanium and Gallium beyond N equals 50 at Alto

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lebois, M.

    2008-09-01

    The gamma rays following the beta decay of the following very neutron-rich isotopes: 82,83,84 Ga produced by photo-fission, have been studied at the newly built ISOL facility in Orsay: ALTO. In ALTO the interaction of an electron beam with U 238 target generates a continuous spectra of Bremsstrahlung gamma radiation that triggers U 238 fission. The fission fragments are then ionized, extracted and mass-separated. The analysis of the data has shown the existence of an isomer in 31 84 Ga 53 and has enabled us to confirm known results on 32 83 Ge 51 energy levels including the gamma transition between the 1/2+ state at 247,7 KeV and the fundamental state. We have also proposed the first energy level scheme for 33 84 As 51 . In order to understand the structure of the nucleus we have used the Thankappan and True model that gives a description of the coupling between the pair-pair core (half-magical) and the single nucleon. This model applied to the N=51 chain ( 38 89 Sr 51 , 36 87 Kr 51 , 34 85 Se 51 , 32 83 Ge 51 and 30 81 Zn 51 ) has allowed us to see the main features of odd isotope structure. We have also confirmed previous results concerning the nature of the states in the following decay 31 83 Ga 52 → 32 83 Ge 51

  18. A model of Alto Lazio boiling water reactor using the LEGO code balance of plant simulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spelta, S.; Garbossa, G.B.

    1989-01-01

    An extensive effort has been made at the Italian National Electricity Board (ENEL) to construct and validate a LEGO model capable of simulating the operational transients of the Alto Lazio Nuclear Station, a two twin-units site with BWR/6 class reactors, rated at 2894 MWt and with Mark III containment. LEGO is a modular package developed at the Research and development Department of the Italian National Electricity Board (CRA-ENEL) for computer aided modeling of fossil-fired and nuclear steam power plants. In this paper a system analysis model capable of describing steady-state and transient performance of the Balance of Plant (BOP) of the Alto Lazio Power Station is presented. This is one of two companion papers devoted to the description of the overall plant model including both the Nuclear Steam Supply System (NSSS) and the BOP. In the paper, after a brief summary of the main LEGO characteristics, a description of the BOP lay-out is presented. The overall model, which has been set-up, including control systems and automation, is very detailed and consists of almost 2000 differential or algebraic equations. After a brief description of the mathematical model, two significant transients obtained using the overall model are presented and discussed

  19. Conservation and valorisation of Giovanni Boccaccio’s house museum in Certaldo Alto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Gennari

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The architectural restoration and functional redevelopment of Boccacio’s house in Certaldo Alto (Florence, has been carried out between 2006 and 2007 and finalized in 2011, including the reconstruction of the garden next to the house. The program which has been characterized by a strong civic, social and cultural involvement, is lead by the Ente Nazionale G. Boccaccio in partnership whit the local administration and aims at contributing to the valorization of the historical, architectural and cultural heritage of the historic center of Certaldo Alto. Valorization here is intended as a functional integration and synergy between predominantly cultural activities. The aim is to achieve the best results in terms of social development as well as intellectual growth within a virtuous economy, and therefore the construction of a complementary model for cultural assets in general. A model where the single cultural elements (museums, libraries, workrooms, exhibitions, auditorium, etc.. represent only the intersections of a wider net system established through the process of communication and exchange with the institutions, publics or privates, that operate in the sectors of research, experimentation, education and information. This means that the management of cultural assets will now aim mainly at the interaction between its components and nationals as well as international structures of education and research, institutes for the social and economical development and innovative business structures in the fields of communication and cultural and sustainable tourism. This establishes an additional value of his still underestimated significance.

  20. Saúde reprodutiva e mulheres indígenas do Alto Rio Negro

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    Marta Azevedo

    Full Text Available O presente artigo descreve e analisa as concepções próprias das mulheres indígenas do Alto Rio Negro sobre saúde reprodutiva, relacionando-as a indicadores de fecundidade. As informações qualitativas apontam para um conhecimento detalhado e complexo que as mulheres indígenas dessa região possuem sobre seu corpo e os cuidados com sua saúde. Os níveis e padrões etários da fecundidade estão relacionados com a etnia das mulheres, portanto, aos sistemas tradicionais de cuidados com a saúde desses povos. A pesquisa foi desenvolvida entre 1997 e 2003, na região de Iauaretê, Terra Indígena Alto Rio Negro (AM, e teve como primeira fonte de dados o Censo Indígena Autônomo do Rio Negro - CIARN-, levado a efeito pela Federação das Organizações Indígenas do Rio Negro - FOIRN - em 1992.

  1. Numerical modelling of Alto Verde landslide using the material point method

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    Marcelo Alejandro Llano-Serna

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Finalizando el año 2008 en la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia, ocurrió un deslizamiento de tierra en la urbanización Alto Verde provocando la muerte de doce personas y la destrucción de seis viviendas. Los deslizamientos se destacan por el elevado nivel de deformaciones en una masa de suelo. El presente trabajo utilizó el método del punto material (MPM, método basado en partículas que utiliza una doble discretización Lagrangiano-Euleriana. La doble discretización genera un marco numérico robusto que permite la simulación de grandes distorsiones. El modelo numérico planteó una simplificación de las condiciones geotécnicas, morfológicas y estructurales de las edificaciones envueltas en Alto Verde. El estado de deformación final de la simulación se acomodó satisfactoriamente a las características geométricas finales observadas en campo. Los resultados obtenidos generan aplicaciones como el diseño de barreras, análisis de riesgo o la determinación de la distancia mínima de retiro a una ladera susceptible de deslizamiento.

  2. Professional socialisation: an influence on professional ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Professional socialisation refers to the acquisition of values, attitudes, skills and knowledge pertaining to a profession. This article reviews the definition and conceptualisation of professional socialisation through anticipatory and formal professional socialisation processes. It describes the core elements of professional ...

  3. Aesthetic Communication and Intercultural Perspective. A Qualitative Analysis of Aesthetic Perceptions of the Brand "Südtirol/Alto Adige"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzo Bua

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In the qualitative study of mental associations with the brand picture "Südtirol/Alto Adige" different images of the region among German speaking, Italian speaking and bilingually grown up South Tyroleans were analysed. The research interest was focused on the communalities and differences in these associations in order to identify potentially conflicting positions between the two major language groups in Südtirol/Alto Adige. In this paper the method is demonstrated which was used to display and investigate the emotional and cognitive contents of the images to Südtirol/Alto Adige from the point of view of different socio-cultural groups. Additionally selected results connected to the perception of the brand in the multilingual province Südtirol/Alto Adige are shown. Against the background of the outlined study the following questions are dealt with in this article: How is the special design of the brand picture perceived among the different socio-cultural groups in Alto Adige/Südtirol with respect to intercultural communication processes? Which meaning can be attributed to the historical heritage of the language groups in the analysis? URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0901323

  4. Promotores' perspectives on a male-to-male peer network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macia, Laura; Ruiz, Hector Camilo; Boyzo, Roberto; Documet, Patricia Isabel

    2016-06-01

    Little documentation exists about male community health workers (promotores) networks. The experiences of promotores can provide input on how to attract, train, supervise and maintain male promotores in CHW programs. We present the experience and perspectives of promotores who participated in a male promotores network assisting Latino immigrant men in an emerging Latino community. All promotores in this community-based participatory study received payment for work 10 hours a week. We conducted qualitative interviews with all promotores starting the program, after 5 and 13 months. Three main themes emerged: 1) Men decided to become promotores to help others, yet appreciated being paid. 2) Promotores' learning experience was ongoing and was facilitated by a cooperative dynamic among them. Learning how to listen was crucial for promotores 3) Promotores experienced difficulty separating their personal lives form their role as a promotor We conclude that paying promotores facilitates the fulfillment of their drive to serve the community. Enhancing listening abilities needs to be part of promotores' training curricula. Finally, it is advisable to build a project with many opportunities for promotores and project staff to share professional and non-professional time and discuss their challenges. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  5. Caracterización de pacientes con sangramiento digestivo alto Characterization of patients presenting with high digestive bleeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Le'Clerc Nicolás

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN. El sangramiento digestivo alto continúa siendo un problema de salud, y junto al abdomen agudo, las heridas y los traumatismos es prácticamente la razón de ser de una guardia de cirugía. MÉTODOS. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y de corte transversal, cuyo universo estuvo constituido por todos los pacientes con este diagnóstico ingresados en el Hospital Docente Clinicoquirúrgico «Joaquín Albarrán», entre enero del 2006 y diciembre del 2007 (2 años. RESULTADOS. Las edades más frecuentes estuvieron entre los 70 y 79 años, y fue más frecuente el sexo masculino y el antecedente de enfermedad cardiovascular. La melena fue la principal manifestación clínica. La endoscopia solo se realizó en el 25,16 % de los casos, y en ella se observó principalmente duodenitis y gastritis. Como medidas terapéuticas más comunes se practicaron la hidratación y el uso sondas de Levine. Solo el 20,48 % de los pacientes recibieron tratamiento contra Helicobacter pylori. La estadía hospitalaria promedio fue de 6 días o más. CONCLUSIONES. Las medidas generales de apoyo hemodinámico y la estrecha vigilancia de los pacientes pueden lograr salvaguardar sus vidas aunque no se disponga de un diagnóstico certero. La infección por Helicobacter pylori y su asociación a lesiones erosivas o ulcerosas de la mucosa gastroduodenal no ha sido totalmente asimilada en el pensamiento médico de los cirujanos. La función de la cirugía es cada vez menor en la terapéutica del sangramiento digestivo alto, a pesar de ser uno de los pilares fundamentales para enfrentarlo.INTRODUCTION. High digestive bleeding remains as health problem and together with acute abdomen, wounds and traumatisms is practically the main responsibility of a surgery rounds. METHODS. A cross-sectional, descriptive and observational study was conducted in a sample including all patients with this diagnosis admitted in "Joaquín Albarrán" Clinical Surgical

  6. El deslizamiento de Palo Alto, Turrialba, Costa Rica : apuntes para su estudio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peraldo Huertas, Giovanni

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se busca caracterizar, desde un punto de vista geomorfológico y geológico, el deslizamiento de Palo Alto, en el contexto de los megaprocesos de inestabilidad de laderas presentes en las laderas del río Reventazón. El corredor del río Reventazón, entre Turrialba y Siquirres, muestra una serie de procesos complejos de remoción en masa, que generan morfologías típicas de procesos de deslizamiento, tan continuas que dan una apariencia morfológica caótica, donde es difícil definir patrones de movimiento del terreno. El área de inestabilidad de Palo Alto se reconoce fácilmente incluso en el mapa topográfico correspondiente a escala 1:50 000, pues muestra una típica forma en herradura. Los límites del deslizamiento están bien marcados mediante escarpes bien definidos en campo, pero los extremos de las coronas laterales hacia el oeste se desdibujan debido, entre otras cosas, a que en esos sectores queda indefinido el límite al norte con el área de inestabilidad compleja de Bonilla y al sur con el área similar de Guayabo - Lajas. Se efectuó una fotointerpretación del área de estudio, mediante la revisión de fotos aéreas de la línea de vuelo Orosi-Pejibaye, escala 1:20 000 del año 1988, así como fotografías aéreas del proyecto Terra 1998, con el fin de observar posibles cambios en los procesos erosivos, así como en la forma del deslizamiento. Posteriormente, se realizó trabajo de campo para revisar la morfología fotointerpretada, analizar la conformación geológica a nivel de litología y estructura y así afinar la interpretación final de la geomorfología del área inestable de Palo Alto. Desde un punto de vista geológico, el área de estudio está compuesta por rocas sedimentarias del Neógeno, tales como la Fm. Uscari (Mioceno y las formaciones Suretka y Fm. Doán (Plioceno; además de aglomerados que posiblemente se relacionan al volcanismo holoceno de la cordillera volcánica Central. Mediante an

  7. Changing markets - Medicinal plants in the markets of La Paz and El Alto, Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bussmann, Rainer W; Paniagua Zambrana, Narel Y; Moya Huanca, Laura Araseli; Hart, Robbie

    2016-12-04

    Given the importance of local markets as a source of medicinal plants for both healers and the population, literature on market flows and the value of the plant material traded is rather scarce. This stands in contrast to wealth of available information for other components of Bolivian ethnobotany. The present study attempts to remedy this situation by providing a detailed inventory of medicinal plant markets in the La Paz-El Alto metropolitan area, hypothesizing that both species composition, and medicinal applications, have changed considerably over time. From October 2013-October 2015 semi-structured interviews were conducted with 39 plant vendors between October 2013 and October 2015 in the Mercado Rodriguez, Mercado Calle Santa Cruz, Mercado Cohoni, Mercado Cota Cota, and Mercado Seguencoma and Mercado El Alto in order to elucidate more details on plant usage and provenance. The results of the present study were then compared to previous inventories of medicinal plants in La Paz and El Alto studies to elucidate changes over time and impact of interview techniques. In this study we encountered 163 plant species belonging to 127 genera and 58 families. In addition, 17 species could not be identified. This species richness is considerably higher than that reported in previous studies (2005, 129 species of 55 families; 2015, 94 identified species). While the overall distribution of illness categories is in line with older reports the number of species used per application, as well as the applications per species, were much higher in the present study. Overall, informant consensus was relatively low, which might be explained by the large number of new species that have entered the local pharmacopoeia in the last decade, although some species might simply have been missed by previous studies. In course of the present study it became apparent that even well known species might often be replaced by other apparently similar but botanically unrelated species due to

  8. CALIFA, the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area survey. IV. Third public data release

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez, S. F.; García-Benito, R.; Zibetti, S.; Walcher, C. J.; Husemann, B.; Mendoza, M. A.; Galbany, L.; Falcón-Barroso, J.; Mast, D.; Aceituno, J.; Aguerri, J. A. L.; Alves, J.; Amorim, A. L.; Ascasibar, Y.; Barrado-Navascues, D.; Barrera-Ballesteros, J.; Bekeraitè, S.; Bland-Hawthorn, J.; Cano Díaz, M.; Cid Fernandes, R.; Cavichia, O.; Cortijo, C.; Dannerbauer, H.; Demleitner, M.; Díaz, A.; Dettmar, R. J.; de Lorenzo-Cáceres, A.; del Olmo, A.; Galazzi, A.; García-Lorenzo, B.; Gil de Paz, A.; González Delgado, R.; Holmes, L.; Iglésias-Páramo, J.; Kehrig, C.; Kelz, A.; Kennicutt, R. C.; Kleemann, B.; Lacerda, E. A. D.; López Fernández, R.; López Sánchez, A. R.; Lyubenova, M.; Marino, R.; Márquez, I.; Mendez-Abreu, J.; Mollá, M.; Monreal-Ibero, A.; Ortega Minakata, R.; Torres-Papaqui, J. P.; Pérez, E.; Rosales-Ortega, F. F.; Roth, M. M.; Sánchez-Blázquez, P.; Schilling, U.; Spekkens, K.; Vale Asari, N.; van den Bosch, R. C. E.; van de Ven, G.; Vilchez, J. M.; Wild, V.; Wisotzki, L.; Yıldırım, A.; Ziegler, B.

    2016-10-01

    This paper describes the third public data release (DR3) of the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area (CALIFA) survey. Science-grade quality data for 667 galaxies are made public, including the 200 galaxies of the second public data release (DR2). Data were obtained with the integral-field spectrograph PMAS/PPak mounted on the 3.5 m telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory. Three different spectral setups are available: I) a low-resolution V500 setup covering the wavelength range 3745-7500 Å (4240-7140 Å unvignetted) with a spectral resolution of 6.0 Å (FWHM) for 646 galaxies, II) a medium-resolution V1200 setup covering the wavelength range 3650-4840 Å (3650-4620 Å unvignetted) with a spectral resolution of 2.3 Å (FWHM) for 484 galaxies, and III) the combination of the cubes from both setups (called COMBO) with a spectral resolution of 6.0 Å and a wavelength range between 3700-7500 Å (3700-7140 Å unvignetted) for 446 galaxies. The Main Sample, selected and observed according to the CALIFA survey strategy covers a redshift range between 0.005 and 0.03, spans the color-magnitude diagram and probes a wide range of stellar masses, ionization conditions, and morphological types. The Extension Sample covers several types of galaxies that are rare in the overall galaxy population and are therefore not numerous or absent in the CALIFA Main Sample. All the cubes in the data release were processed using the latest pipeline, which includes improved versions of the calibration frames and an even further improved image reconstruction quality. In total, the third data release contains 1576 datacubes, including ~1.5 million independent spectra. Based on observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (MPIA) and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC).The spectra are available at http://califa.caha.es/DR3

  9. Development of a new surface ion-source and ion guide in the ALTO project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cuong, P.V.

    2009-12-01

    The present work is dedicated to the ALTO project which is the production of neutron-rich gallium isotopes by the ISOL thick-target technique using photo-fission and a surface ion source. We aim at the study of the structure of 82 Ge, 83 Ge, 84 Ge via the β decay of 82 Ga, 83 Ga, and 84 Ga. We focus on the development of a new surface ion source made from materials with a high work function φ which can give high ionisation efficiencies for elements with low ionisation potentials, like alkaline as well as gallium and indium. Tungsten, rhenium and iridium are considered as good candidates for a surface ionizer because the Saha-Langmuir equation indicates high surface ionisation efficiencies for these materials. This has motivated us to equip the surface ion source at ALTO with rhenium and iridium-coated rhenium ionizer tubes of the same dimensions as the surface ion source at ISOLDE. We performed a test experiment to measure the ionisation efficiency for gallium. We also built a simulation code for the ionisation efficiency of the different surface ionisation sources (different materials and dimensions). On the other hand, for future nuclear structure studies of refractory elements such as cobalt or nickel, the ISOL technique with a thick target is no longer suitable. Indeed, the high melting point of these elements makes it difficult to volatilize and release them from a thick target. For such a situation, a technique based on thin targets is needed and the laser ion guide based on a gas cell to slow down, neutralize and stop the recoiling nuclear reaction products combined with a laser beam to re-ionize them selectively, seems a good choice. A code based on the Geant-4 tool-kit has been built to simulate the ionisation of the buffer gas. In this work, we also briefly show the results of the photo-fission yield measurements at ALTO. The fission fragments were ionized in a hot plasma ion source, mass separated and detected by germanium and scintillator detectors

  10. Fuel dynamics by using Landscape Ecology Indices in the Alto Mijares, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, J.; Garcia, C. V.

    2009-04-01

    Land abandonment in Mediterranean regions has brought about a number of management problems, being an increased wildfire activity prevalent among them. Agricultural neglect in highlands resulted in reduced anthropogenic disturbances and greater landscape homogeneity in areas such as the Alto Mijares in Spain. It is widely accepted that processes like forest fires, influence structure of the landscape and vice versa. Fire-prone Mediterranean flora is well adapted to this disturbance, exhibiting excellent succession capabilities; but higher fuel loads and homogeneous conditions may ally to promote vegetation recession when the fire regime is altered by land abandonment. Both succession and recession make changes to the landscape structure and configuration. However, these changes are difficult to quantify and characterize. If landscape restoration of these forests is a management objective, then developing a quantitative knowledge base for landscape fuel dynamics is a prerequisite. Four classified LandsatTM satellite images were compared to quantify changes in landscape structure between 1984 and 1998. An attempt is made to define landscape level dynamics for fuel development after reduced disturbance and fuel accumulation that leads to catastrophic fires by using landscape ecology indices. By doing so, indices that best describe the fuel dynamics are pointed. The results indicate that low-level disturbance increases heterogeneity, thus lowers fire hazard. No disturbance or severe disturbance increases homogeneity because of vegetation succession and may lead to devastating fires. These fires could be avoided by human induced disturbance like controlled burning, harvesting, mechanical works for fuel reduction and other silviculture measures; thus bringing in more heterogeneity in the region. The Alto Mijares landscape appears to be in an unstable equilibrium where succession and recession are at tug of war. The effects are evident in the general absence of the climax

  11. El chile poblano criollo en la cultura alimentaria del Alto Atoyac

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Joaquín Pérez Carrasco

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El chile poblano criollo producido en la re-gión Alto Atoyac en Puebla, forma parte de la cultura alimenticia de la población, junto con el maíz y el frijol. Ya sea en fresco o en seco es un componente fundamental en muy diver-sos platillos como: el mole poblano, los chiles en nogada, las rajas con huevo, por mencio-nar algunos. El objetivo del trabajo fue el en-tender las razones sociales y culturales de lo planteado e identificar la problemática del cultivo de chile poblano criollo y los factores que favorecen que los productores persistan en su cultivo en la región. Metodología. Se realizaron entrevistas estructuradas, siguien-do el método de muestreo por “bola de nieve” (Snowball, empleado frecuentemente en es-tudios con poblaciones marginales. Resulta-dos. El sistema de producción predominante en el Alto Atoyac, es el chile poblano criollo intercalado en árboles frutales, con superficies de siembra igual o menor a 100 m2, estrategia usada por los productores para diversificar el riesgo de las enfermedades del cultivo y con ello asegurar la sobrevivencia de sus tradicio-nes culinarias y la permanencia de su semilla con sus propias características. Limitaciones. El trabajo de investigación no pudo abarcar el rendimiento de chile poblano en la región y del perfil del productor. Conclusiones. El chi-le poblano criollo en el Alto Atoyac, se siem-bra en superficies pequeñas y condiciones de temporal, intercalado en árboles frutales y es afectado por la enfermedad pudrición radical o secadera. El productor continúa sembrando su semilla de chile poblano criollo, como estra-tegia para conservar sus tradiciones en la elabo-ración de los alimentos y mitigar en lo posible los daños ocasionados por las enfermedades.

  12. Professional stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanojević Dragana Z.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Job stress is a line, for the person at work hired adverse physiological, psychological and behavioral reactions to situations in which job requirements are not in accordance with its capabilities, abilities and needs. Sources of stress at work are numerous. Personal factors: personality types have been most studied so far, environmental changes and demographic characteristics as well. Interpersonal stress inducing factors act and influence to the occurrence of many psychosomatic diseases. Psychosocial climate and relationships which are prevented or encouraged such as: cooperation and competition, trust and suspicion certainly affect to the appearance of professional stress. The way of leadership is very important. Organizational factors are the type of work, work time, noncompliance of the job, the introduction of new ethnologies, the conflict of personal roles, fear of job loss, bad physical conditions of working environment. The consequences of stress at work are numerous: at the cognitive level, the emotional level, the production plan, the health, plan reduces the immune system that cause a variety of psychosomatic illnesses and accidents at work.

  13. Portrait professional.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vernon, Tim

    2011-12-01

    Most medical photographers, unless working as dedicated ophthalmic photographers or retinal screeners, will shoot portraits or publicity pictures. Many will spend a proportion of their time producing brochure shots for patient information material or their Trust's Annual Report. High-quality images of staff at work are often required by the strategic planning departments of Trusts to support bids for business from service commissioners. This "non-clinical" work is in reality commercial work - the jobs that high street portrait and general practice photographers would undertake in different settings. Medical photographers use many of the same tools as their commercial cousins. They use the same DSLR cameras and lenses. They use Adobe Photoshop to manipulate images. However, one software tool extensively used by portrait and social photographers, but possibly unfamiliar to many medical photographers, is Portrait Professional. Currently in its 10th version, it is produced by Anthropics Technology ( http://www.anthropics.com ), a London-based company specialising in image manipulation software.

  14. Valoración del deporte de alto rendimiento (gimnasia rítmica) en edades tempranas

    OpenAIRE

    Usero Gómez, Alba

    2014-01-01

    Comenzando por una introducción, en la cual se contextualiza el deporte y especialmente el de alto rendimiento, nos introduciremos en la cuestión de estudio, el deportista de élite y la preocupación por el comienzo en edades tempranas. Llevaremos a cabo este estudio, por medio de un análisis reflexivo de diversos autores y estudios que se sumergen en el deporte de alto rendimiento, especialmente en la infancia. Trataremos el objeto de estudio en relación a un deporte, la Gimnasia Rítmic...

  15. Eventos adversos relacionados à terapia ventilatória em recém-nascidos de alto risco

    OpenAIRE

    França, Débora Feitosa de

    2016-01-01

    Objetivou-se analisar os eventos adversos relacionados à terapia respiratória em recém-nascidos de alto risco de uma unidade neonatal. Trata-se de um estudo observacional, longitudinal e prospectivo, realizado em uma maternidade, unidade de referencia no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte para gravidez e nascimento de alto risco. Os dados foram coletados no período de abril a setembro 2016, após aprovação do projeto no Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da UFRN com CAAE nº 51832415.0.0000.5537. A amostra...

  16. La fiesta xita: patrimonio biocultural mazahua de San Pedro el Alto, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Y. Vásquez González

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ante la crisis ambiental y de la modernidad, se propone conservar la riqueza cultural y biológica de la humanidad como patrimonio. Así, se valora y revalora el patrimonio vivo, como es la relación entre culturas y biodiversidad, que se manifiestan en paisajes y territorios de los pueblos originarios. Se propone la fiesta xita (viejos como patrimonio biocultural de la milpa mazahua. El estudio etnográfico se realizó en San Pedro el Alto, México. La fiesta xita es parte del patrimonio biocultural mazahua, mediante la cual se entretejen agrobiodiversidad y cultura, lo que permite que los mazahuas mantengan y desarrollen sus actividades sociales y culturales que han sido heredadas de generación en generación.

  17. Niveles subjetivos de estrés-recuperación en deportistas Costarricenses de alto rendimiento

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Ureña, M.Sc. Braulio; Ureña Bonilla, Pedro; Calleja González, Julio

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar los niveles estrés-recuperación en deportistas costarricenses de alto rendimiento. Metodología: participaron un total de 239 sujetos, con una media de edad de 25,4 ± 4,8 años y con un promedio de 6,4 ± 4,6 años de entrenamiento en la primera división de su disciplina deportiva. Se utilizó la versión española del Cuestionario de Estrés-Recuperación para deportistas Resultados: los valores promedio para las variables relacionadas a la recuperación...

  18. Estudio preliminar de la fauna Amphibia del valle de Sibundoy, Alto Putumayo, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonh Jairo Mueses-Cisneros

    2004-07-01

    (Valle de Sibundoy y por localidades muestreadas, se hace una comparación con las faunas realizadas en el transecto Napo en Ecuador y en el transecto Montañita-Alto Gabinete en Caquetá y se presenta una clave taxonómica y una serie de fotografías para facilitar su  reconocimiento. El estudio además aporta cinco especies nuevas para la ciencia, amplía el rango altitudinal de otras ocho y presenta tres más para ser incluidas al listado general de las especies de anfibios de Colombia, las cuales habían sido ya anteriormente reportadas para el país por otros autores, pero no habían sido tenidas en cuenta en el último listado.

  19. Textiles para turistas: tejedoras y comerciantes en los Altos de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Bayona Escat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo indaga en el papel que ocupan las mujeres indígenas como productoras y vendedoras de piezas textiles, consideradas artesanales y de tradición indígena, con alta demanda en el mercado turístico de la región de los Altos de Chiapas, México. La presencia del turismo en la zona ha provocado la consolidación de un complejo mercado local de textiles en el que se entrelazan tejedoras, distribuidoras y comerciantes, cadenas mercantiles y múltiples espacios de venta. A través de este protagonismo femenino y de la comercialización de lo “indígena”, el trabajo indaga en un contexto local que permite a las mujeres indígenas tomar nuevas posiciones sociales a la vez que integra aspectos globales sobre mercancías e imaginarios sociales.

  20. Fragilidade ambiental na bacia hidrográfica do Alto Parnaíba

    OpenAIRE

    Alves de Melo, Nivaneide

    2007-01-01

    Esta pesquisa desenvolveu estudos integrados sobre a bacia hidrográfica do Alto Parnaíba, no Piauí, considerando a atuação das atividades humanas sobre o ambiente natural, a fim de determinar o grau de alteração desse ambiente, a partir da presença antrópica neste local, além de propor ações para restabelecimento de uma situação de equilíbrio ambiental. Pois, quando os eventos sobre a paisagem são de origem antrópica e de orientação econômica, os impactos poderão causar dano...

  1. Male pattern baldness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alopecia in men; Baldness - male; Hair loss in men; Androgenetic alopecia ... Male pattern baldness is related to your genes and male sex hormones. It usually follows a pattern of receding hairline and ...

  2. Genital sores - male

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sores - male genitals; Ulcers - male genitals ... A common cause of male genital sores are infections that are spread through sexual contact, such as: Genital herpes (small, painful blisters filled with clear ...

  3. Male nurses and the protection of female patient dignity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prideaux, Antony

    Nurses need to be aware of their professional, legal and ethical responsibilities towards patients. Male nurses in particular face problems in their practice as a result of their gender and the stereotypes associated with male nurses. Such stereotypes can act as a barrier to their duty of care. This article examines the challenges associated with male nurses carrying out intimate, physical care. It discusses the ethical, legal and professional issues that male nurses should consider in relation to maintenance of patient dignity during nursing care provision, particularly in relation to female patients.

  4. PANIC: A General-purpose Panoramic Near-infrared Camera for the Calar Alto Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cárdenas Vázquez, M.-C.; Dorner, B.; Huber, A.; Sánchez-Blanco, E.; Alter, M.; Rodríguez Gómez, J. F.; Bizenberger, P.; Naranjo, V.; Ibáñez Mengual, J.-M.; Panduro, J.; García Segura, A. J.; Mall, U.; Fernández, M.; Laun, W.; Ferro Rodríguez, I. M.; Helmling, J.; Terrón, V.; Meisenheimer, K.; Fried, J. W.; Mathar, R. J.; Baumeister, H.; Rohloff, R.-R.; Storz, C.; Verdes-Montenegro, L.; Bouy, H.; Ubierna, M.; Fopp, P.; Funke, B.

    2018-02-01

    PANIC7 is the new PAnoramic Near-Infrared Camera for Calar Alto and is a project jointly developed by the MPIA in Heidelberg, Germany, and the IAA in Granada, Spain, for the German-Spanish Astronomical Center at Calar Alto Observatory (CAHA; Almería, Spain). This new instrument works with the 2.2 m and 3.5 m CAHA telescopes covering a field of view of 30 × 30 arcmin and 15 × 15 arcmin, respectively, with a sampling of 4096 × 4096 pixels. It is designed for the spectral bands from Z to K S , and can also be equipped with narrowband filters. The instrument was delivered to the observatory in 2014 October and was commissioned at both telescopes between 2014 November and 2015 June. Science verification at the 2.2 m telescope was carried out during the second semester of 2015 and the instrument is now at full operation. We describe the design, assembly, integration, and verification process, the final laboratory tests and the PANIC instrument performance. We also present first-light data obtained during the commissioning and preliminary results of the scientific verification. The final optical model and the theoretical performance of the camera were updated according to the as-built data. The laboratory tests were made with a star simulator. Finally, the commissioning phase was done at both telescopes to validate the camera real performance on sky. The final laboratory test confirmed the expected camera performances, complying with the scientific requirements. The commissioning phase on sky has been accomplished.

  5. Sentidos de Vitória/Derrota para os Pais Segundo Atletas do Alto Rendimento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabela Amblard

    Full Text Available Este estudo compreendeu as representações sociais da vitória/derrota para os pais segundo atletas-adolescentes do esporte de alto rendimento, na cidade do Recife. A adolescência é compreendida a partir da Psicologia Social-histórica, e o embasamento teórico-metodológico da Teoria das Representações Sociais abordou os sujeitos em diferentes contextos socioculturais, lugares de pertencimento, experiências, crenças, saberes e sentimentos compartilhados. Adotou-se a perspectiva pluri metodológica com variados recursos de coleta e análise progressiva de dados. Participaram 101 atletas-adolescentes do esporte de alto rendimento, nas modalidades natação e vôlei. Os instrumentos utilizados foram questionários de associação livre e entrevistas semidirigidas. Na análise dos dados, o software EVOC e as técnicas de análise temática de conteúdo de Bardin. Identificamos as representações de vitória para os pais, nas dimensões: pessoal e motivacional, e afetivo-emocional e, nas representações sociais da derrota para os pais, além destas, a dimensão técnica. O sentido de vitória para os pais apareceu ampliado: o contexto esportivo, a escolarização, e o crescimento pessoal e profissional na vida. A derrota para os pais é representada como oportunidade de aprendizado e superação para o atleta-adolescente, porém, eles mostraram que necessitam do apoio afetivo de sua família para lidar com a autoculpabilização nas situações de fracasso.

  6. Adesão ao Tratamento em Gestação de Alto Risco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabíola Langaro

    Full Text Available No Brasil, aproximadamente 15% das gestações são de alto risco, sendo os diagnósticos de diabetes gestacional e hipertensão as causas mais frequentes dessa condição. Para a efetividade dos tratamentos indicados nesses casos, bem como alcance de desfechos favoráveis, é essencial a adesão da paciente às recomendações fornecidas pelas equipes de saúde, o que torna fundamental a avaliação desse indicador. A pesquisa apresentada avaliou a adesão de participantes de um programa de atendimento interdisciplinar a gestantes de alto risco desenvolvido em um hospital geral privado por meio de três instrumentos: Questionário Morisky-Green de adesão ao uso de medicação, Questionário de Adesão ao Tratamento e Pergunta descritiva de avaliação qualitativa. Durante oito meses, 83 gestantes responderam aos questionários, que possibilitaram identificar níveis de adesão ao longo do tempo de participação no programa, situações de não adesão mais frequentes, bem como variáveis que interferem nas medidas de adesão ao uso de medicação e ao tratamento global. Considera-se que os índices levantados são passíveis de uso como indicadores clínicos e gerenciais, possibilitando a comprovação da efetividade e melhoria constante das rotinas de saúde. Tais mecanismos são úteis para definição de protocolos, discussão de casos clínicos e mesmo para feedbackàs próprias pacientes.

  7. Identidades en movimiento: familias chilenas en la fruticultura del Alto Valle de Río Negro, Argentina Identities in movement: chilean families in the fruit production of the Alto Valle de Río Negro, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Trpin

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo, basado en el trabajo de campo realizado en áreas rurales del Alto Valle de Río Negro, Argentina, desde el año 1999, tiene como propósito presentar las relaciones en las cuales se insertan hombres y mujeres chilenas que residen y trabajan en "chacras" destinadas a la producción frutícola. Las diferentes actividades en las chacras se organizan según el sexo y la edad, definiéndose una segmentación del mercado de trabajo en la que se ven involucrados los diferentes miembros de la familia. Como desarrollaré, ser trabajadores chilenos en la fruticultura del Alto Valle de Río Negro reproduce una identidad étnica y nacional en el seno de la cotidianeidad familiar y laboral.This article, based on field work conducted in rural areas of the Alto Valle de Río Negro, Argentina, from 1999 on, analyzes the relations in which Chilean men and women who reside and work in small farms destined to fruit production are inserted. The different activities in the small farms are organized according to sex and age, circumscribing a segment of the labor market in which different members of the family are involved. As I will demonstrate, to be a Chilean worker in the fruit growing region of the Alto Valle is to reproduce an ethnic and national identity through work routines mediated by family relations.

  8. Competence and Professional Expertise

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Evers, A.T.; Heijden, B.I.J.M. van der; Mulder, M.

    2017-01-01

    Theoretical and empirical controversies exist about the understanding and potentials of the concepts of competence and professional expertise. In this chapter, both concepts will be thoroughly conceptualised and discussed. Competence and professional expertise are important as all professionals need

  9. Competence and Professional Expertise

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Evers, Arnoud; Van der Heijden, Beatrice

    2018-01-01

    Theoretical and empirical controversies exist about the understanding and potentials of the concepts competence and professional expertise. In this chapter, both concepts will be thoroughly conceptualised and discussed. Competence and professional expertise are important as all professionals need to

  10. Male fertility in cystic fibrosis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Chotirmall, S H

    2011-04-05

    Infertility rates among males with cystic fibrosis (CF) approximate 97%. No information is currently available within Ireland determining an understanding of fertility issues and the best methods of information provision to this specialized group. This study aimed to determine understanding and preferred approaches to information provision on fertility issues to Irish CF males. A Descriptive Study utilizing prospective coded questionnaires was mailed to a male CF cohort (n=50). Sections included demographics, fertility knowledge & investigation. Response rate was 16\\/50 (32%). All were aware that CF affected their fertility. More than two-thirds (n=11) were able to provide explanations whilst only one-third (n=5) provided the correct explanation. Significant numbers stated thoughts of marriage and a future family. Half have discussed fertility with a healthcare professional (HCP). Mean age of discussion was 21.9 years. One third preferred an earlier discussion. The commonest first source for information was written material which was also the preferred source. Three-quarters requested further information preferring again, written material. Significant gaps in sex education of Irish CF males exist. Discussion should be initiated by HCPs and centre-directed written material devised to address deficiencies.

  11. El período intermedio temprano en el Alto Piura: avances del proyecto arqueológico 'Alto Piura' (1987-1990

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available LA PERIODE DE L’INTERMEDIAIRE RECENT DANS LE HAUT PIURA : RESULTATS PRELIMINAIRES DU PROJET ARQUEOLOGIQUE “HAUT PIURA” (1987-1990. Ce travail présente les résultats préliminaires du projet arquéologique “Haut Piura” avec le concours de l’Université Catholique du Pérou et dirigé par l’auteur. L’accent est mis sur les informations concernant les séquences stratigraphiques et l’architecture. Les informations obtenues pour les analyses encore incomplètes du matériel céramique, métallurgique, osseux et végétal permettent d’établir la relation avec la problématique sur les styles Vicús et Vicús-Moche. Se presentan los resultados preliminares del Proyecto Arqueológico “Alto Piura”, auspiciado por la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú y dirigido por el autor. Se enfatizan los datos referentes a las secuencias estratigráficas y la arquitectura. Los datos obtenidos por análisis aún incompletos del material cerámico, metalúrgico, óseo y vegetal permiten la vinculación con la problemática referente a los estilos Vicús y Vicús-Moche. EARLY INTERMEDIATE PERIOD IN UPPER PIURA: “UPPER PIURA' ARCHAEOLOGICAL PROJECT (1987-1990. Preliminary results of the “Upper Piura” archaeological Project are introduced under the promotion of the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, and the direction of the author. All data referred to stratigraphy sequences and architecture is enhanced on the just mencioned. The outcome obtained from the analysis, still uncompleted of pottery, metallurgy, osseous and botanical materials, allows the relationship when focusing the problematic regarding the Vicus and Vicus-Moche styles.

  12. Psychological aspects of male fertility treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikkelsen, Alice Toft; Madsen, Svend Aage; Humaidan, Peter

    2013-09-01

    To explore and to identify the possible need for psychological communicative support in men undergoing fertility treatment. Male infertility affects many aspects of a man's life and may cause a life crisis. Although infertility treatment is now commonplace in men, they often feel remote and disconnected from the treatment process. A descriptive survey. A questionnaire with structured and open-ended questions was completed by 210 Danish men undergoing fertility treatment. The questionnaire covered three issues: individual perception of male infertility, gender equality issues, and communication with health professionals in the clinic. Data were collected during 2008. Of the participants, 28% believed that their reduced sperm quality affected their perception of masculinity. 46% stated that equal involvement between partners was a very important element of the treatment; however, 63% said that the health professionals communicated primarily with their female partner. Finally, 62% found that there was a need for a deeper dialogue with the nurses concerning male infertility and 72% lacked information about the psychological consequences of male infertility. In general, participants wanted a more open and balanced dialogue about infertility treatment and the role of the male partner during this process. Infertile men want health professionals to view them on equal terms with their partner. When treating the infertile man, there is a further need to develop more inclusive communication skills. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  13. 77 FR 58203 - AER Energy Resources, Inc.; Alto Group Holdings, Inc.; Bizrocket.Com Inc.; Fox Petroleum, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-19

    ... SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [File No. 500-1] AER Energy Resources, Inc.; Alto Group Holdings, Inc.; Bizrocket.Com Inc.; Fox Petroleum, Inc.; Geopulse Explorations Inc.; Global Technologies... accuracy of press releases concerning the company's revenues. 4. Fox Petroleum, Inc. is a Nevada...

  14. Entre aromas de incienso y pólvora : Los Altos de Jalisco, México, 1917-1940

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    López Ulloa, José Luis

    2008-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the Mexican Revolution and on the opposition strategies followed by the opponents of the revolutionary regime who lived in the region known as Los Altos de Jalisco. In this particular region, the Catholic population, supported by the Clergy, was in constant conflict with the

  15. Networked professional learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sloep, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Sloep, P. B. (2013). Networked professional learning. In A. Littlejohn, & A. Margaryan (Eds.), Technology-enhanced Professional Learning: Processes, Practices and Tools (pp. 97–108). London: Routledge.

  16. Negotiating the Gay Male Stereotype in Ballet and Modern Dance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polasek, Katherine M.; Roper, Emily A.

    2011-01-01

    Dance, ballet and modern in particular, is culturally defined as a feminine activity in the United States. The purpose of the present study was to examine the experiences of professional male modern and ballet dancers in the United States. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 current professional ballet and modern dancers. We examined…

  17. Zoneamento ambiental do polo de desenvolvimento agroindustrial do Alto Piranhas, Estado da Paraíba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. S. Almeida

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo zonear os níveis de deterioração ambiental na paisagem entre os anos de 2001 e 2012, adotando os critérios da ecodinâmica nos municípios que compõe o polo de desenvolvimento agroindustrial do Alto Piranhas. Foram realizadas análises envolvendo a dinâmica da paisagem e da vulnerabilidade ambiental. A metodologia utilizada na pesquisa foi baseada em localizações pontuais, que inclui o processo de selecionar e combinar, através de procedimento de álgebra de mapas disponíveis em um SIG, cada variável geográfica contém diferenciação espacial e a combinação entre elas promove a subdivisão do espaço geográfico em regiões equiproblemáticas. Tomando-se por base as superposições dos mapas geológico, geomorfológico e pedológico foi efetuado o mapa de zoneamento ambiental, com informações que permitiram identificar as condições do meio natural e suas aptidões. Esses fatores foram comparados entre si, conforme a importância atribuída a elas. Os resultados indicaram que as áreas centrais concentram as classes com maiores riscos ambientais, como as instáveis (risco ambiental entre 60 e 80%, e as de instabilidade emergente (risco maior que 80. Já nas áreas distribuídas em toda a área de estudo encontra-se as áreas com risco ambiental entre 40 e 60% (instabilidade moderada. Com base na análise, percebe-se que a área de estudo possui um tênue equilíbrio por estar localizado em ambiente semiárido que pode ser rompido com facilidade com a intensificação das atividades agroindustriais.Environmental zoning polo agro industry development of Alto Piranhas, Paraíba StateAbstract: This study aimed to zone the levels of environmental deterioration in the landscape between the years 2001 and 2012, adopting the criteria of ecodynamics municipalities that make up the hub of agro-industrial development of the Alto Piranhas. Analyzes involving the dynamics of landscape and environmental

  18. Healthcare Professionals' Attitudes to Rehabilitation Programming for Male Cancer Survivors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Handberg, Charlotte; Midtgaard, Julie; Nielsen, Claus Vinther

    2016-01-01

    observation and 9 semi-structured focus group interviews with 58 hospital HCPs. Methods: Using interpretive description methodology with symbolic interaction as a theoretical framework, data were collected through fieldwork in three oncology wards in Denmark. Findings: Attitudes about both gender...... be compromised by HCP attitudes and conduct. Clinical Relevance: These findings provide insight into approaches to guide HCPs to take responsibility for rehabilitation and to take gender into account in their work....

  19. Adsorción de metales pesados sobre lodos de horno alto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López-Delgado, A.

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available Most of industrial liquid effluents have high contents of heavy metals. The recovery of these metals is environmental and economically interesting. In this work we study the use of sludge, a by-product of the steel industry, as an adsorbent for the removal of heavy metals from liquid effluents. The adsorption of Pb2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Cu2+ and Cr3+ on the sludge was investigated by determination of adsorption isotherms. The effect of time, equilibrium temperature and concentration of metal solution on sludge adsorption efficiency was evaluated. The adsorption process was analysed using the theories of Freundlich and Langmuir and the thermodynamic values ΔG, ΔH and ΔS corresponding to each adsorption process were calculated. Blast furnace sludge was found to be an effective sorbent for Pb, Zn, Cd, Cu and Cr-ions within the range of ion concentrations employed.

    Los efluentes líquidos de la mayoría de los procesos industriales contienen una carga importante de metales pesados que, por motivos tanto económicos como medioambientales interesa recuperar. En este trabajo, se estudia la utilización de lodos procedentes de la depuración por vía húmeda de los gases de horno alto como soporte para la retención de metales pesados contenidos en efluentes líquidos. La adsorción de Pb2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Cu2+ y Cr3+ sobre el lodo de horno alto se determina mediante la obtención de las isotermas de adsorción, variando la concentración de las soluciones metálicas y analizando la influencia del tiempo y de la temperatura de equilibrio en la capacidad de adsorción del lodo. Para describir el proceso de adsorción se consideraron las teorías de Freundlich y Langmuir y, posteriormente, se calcularon los valores termodinámicos ΔG, ΔH y ΔS, correspondientes a cada proceso de adsorción. Para todos

  20. The Male Role in Contraception: Implications for Health Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chng, Chwee Lye

    1983-01-01

    Many males still perceive contraception as a woman's responsibility. This paper describes male contraceptives and their effectiveness and draws implications for school and community health education professionals. More equitable sharing of the responsibility for contraception might result in more effective contraception. (PP)

  1. Experiences of Male Counselor Educators: A Study of Relationship Boundaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, Dee C.; Huffman, David D.; Christian, David D.; Wilson, Brittany J.

    2016-01-01

    This study surveyed male counselor educators regarding the impact of being male upon their professional relationships. Participants (N = 163) were surveyed about their attitudes concerning the influence of gender on their relational behavior, as well as their relationship practices with students and colleagues. Mixed-methods analyses revealed a…

  2. Simulación clínica de alto realismo: una experiencia en el pregrado Realistic clinical simulation: an experience with undergraduate medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Riancho

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. La simulación con modelos de alto realismo se utiliza a menudo en la formación de los profesionales sanitarios. Sin embargo, son escasas las experiencias en el pregrado. El objetivo de este trabajo fue conocer la factibilidad y la aceptación de su aplicación con estudiantes de sexto curso de la licenciatura de Medicina. Materiales y métodos. Se diseñaron ocho escenarios que simulaban problemas clínicos frecuentes para su desarrollo con maniquíes de alto realismo. Los estudiantes se dividieron en grupos de 6-8 sujetos, cada uno de los cuales atendió dos casos durante 30 minutos. Posteriormente se llevó a cabo un análisis reflexivo durante 25-40 minutos. La actividad se repitió en dos años consecutivos. Al final se recabó la opinión de los estudiantes mediante encuestas anónimas. Resultados. La actividad fue valorada muy positivamente por los estudiantes, quienes la consideraron como "útil" (4,8 y 4,9 puntos sobre 5 e "interesante" (4,9 y 4,9 puntos. El tiempo preciso para preparar cada escenario fue de unas 3 horas. Fueron necesarias una jornada completa de un profesor, un técnico y un enfermero para que un colectivo de unos 40 estudiantes se expusiera a dos casos clínicos. Conclusiones. Esta experiencia piloto sugiere que la simulación de alto realismo es factible en el pregrado, supone un consumo razonable de recursos y tiene una elevada aceptación por parte de los estudiantes. No obstante, se necesitan otros estudios que confirmen la impresión subjetiva de que resulta útil para potenciar el aprendizaje de los alumnos y su competencia clínica.Introduction. Realistic clinical simulation is commonly used with physicians and other health professionals. However it has been rarely used with undergraduate students. The aim of this study was to explore its feasibility and acceptance with medical students. Materials and methods. Eight clinical scenarios representing common acute problems in medical practice were

  3. Self-assessment of professionalism in physical therapy education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Deborah K; Irwin, Kent E

    2013-01-01

    With the physical therapy (PT) professions' advancement to the clinical doctorate degree and the promotion of autonomous practice, exemplary professional conduct is an expectation of the PT profession. PT education programs are being challenged to develop methods to teach and assess professional behavior. Forty-three PT students (11 male and 32 female, ages 20-28 years) completed the APTA Professionalism in Physical Therapy: Core Values Self-Assessment (PPTCVSA) after their first 3 week clinical experience and again after their final clinical experience. A mixed design ANOVA compared participants' total scores and individual Core Value scores on the Professionalism in Physical Therapy: Core Values Self-Assessment (PPTCVSA) after 3 and 33 weeks of clinical education. The effects of gender, age, and undergraduate area of study on growth in professionalism scores were also investigated. Total PPTCVSA scores and individual Core Value scores on professionalism (accountability, altruism, compassion/caring, excellence, integrity, professional duty, and social responsibility) were higher after 33 weeks compared to scores after 3 weeks of clinical education. Female student's total professionalism scores were higher than male student's scores on both the first and second self-assessments. In addition, female students scored themselves higher than their male peers on accountability, excellence, integrity, and professional duty. Improved scores on the PPTCVSA indicate that physical therapy education is playing an important role in the development of professional behavior, knowledge, and application in practice.

  4. The crust role at Paramillos Altos intrusive belt: Sr and Pb isotope evidence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ostera, H.A.; Linares, E; Haller, M.J; Cagnoni, M.C

    2001-01-01

    Paramillos Altos Intrusive Belt (PAIB) (Ostera, 1996) is located in the thick skinned folded-thrust belt of Malargue, southwestern Mendoza, Argentina. Geochemical, geochronologic and isotopic studies were carried out in it (Ostera 1996, 1997, Ostera et al. 1999; Ostera et al. 2000) and these previous papers suggested a minor involvement of the crust in the genesis of the PAIB. According with Ostera et al. (2000) it is composed by stocks, laccoliths, dykes and sills which range in composition from diorites to granodiorites, and from andesites to rhyolites, and divided in five Members, which range in age from Middle Miocene to Early Miocene: a- Calle del Yeso Dyke Complex (CYDC), with sills and dykes of andesitic composition (age: 20±2 Ma). b- Puchenque-Atravesadas Intrusive Complex (PAIC), composed by dykes and stocks ranging from diorites to granodiorites (age: 12.5±1 Ma). c- Arroyo Serrucho Stock (SAS), an epizonal and zoned stock, with four facies, with K/Ar and Ar/Ar dates of 10±1 and 9.5±0.5 Ma. d- Portezuelo de los Cerros Bayos (PCB), that includes porphyritic rocks of rhyolitic composition, of 7.5±0.5 Ma. e- Cerro Bayo Vitrophyres (CBV), with andesitic sills and dykes (age: 4.8±0.2 Ma). We present in this paper new Sr and Pb isotopes data that constrain the evolution of the PAIB (au)

  5. Contribution for geochronological evolution study of the Pianco-Alto Brigida fold belt system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brito Neves, B.B. de; Basei, M.A.S.; Van Schmus, W.R.

    1990-01-01

    The Proterozoic Painco-Alto Fold Belt is situated in the central portion of the Borborema Province and it probably is just a segment of a longer structural development encompassed between the Patos (N) and Pernambuco (S) lineaments. The geochronological study was carried out along a cross section in the central part of the belt (Paraiba State) where biotite-muscovite quartz schists are the predominating rock types, including intercalations of bi-modal volcanics, marbles and quartzites. These rocks were metamorphosed in the amphibolite facies, and they display a complex history of folding. Zircons of the acid volcanics (meta-rhyolytes where analysed through U/Pb method and they plot in a discordia diagram with superior intercept indicating ages around 1100 Ma. Whole rocks Rb/Sr analyses on the same meta-volcanics are indicating isochrons of 950Ma. These data are being respectively interpreted as ages of sedimentation (and volcanism) and regional metamorphism associated to the main (D sub(2)) phase of folding. One of the main purpose of this paper is to stress the importance of the ages around 950Ma, in the central domain of the Borborema Province, as result of regional folding and metamorphism. Some other occurence of ages in the 1000-900Ma range will be discussed as support for this interpretation from now on adopted. (author)

  6. Earth-based construction material field tests characterization in the Alto Douro Wine Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardoso, Rui; Pinto, Jorge; Paiva, Anabela; Lanzinha, João Carlos

    2017-12-01

    The Alto Douro Wine Region, located in the northeast of Portugal, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, presents an abundant vernacular building heritage. This building technology is based on a timber framed structure filled with a composite earth-based material. A lack of scientific studies related to this technology is evident, furthermore, principally in rural areas, this traditional building stock is highly deteriorated and damaged because of the rareness of conservation and strengthening works, which is partly related to the non-engineered character of this technology and to the knowledge loosed on that technique. Those aspects motivated the writing of this paper, whose main purpose is the physical and chemical characterization of the earth-based material applied in the tabique buildings of that region through field tests. Consequently, experimental work was conducted and the results obtained allowed, among others, the proposal of a series of adequate field tests. At our knowledge, this is the first time field tests are undertaken for tabique technology. This information will provide the means to assess the suitability of a given earth-based material with regards to this technology. The knowledge from this study could also be very useful for the development of future normative documents and as a reference for architects and engineers that work with this technology to guide and regulate future conservation, rehabilitation or construction processes helping to preserve this important legacy.

  7. Aristocracias y dependientes en el Alto Ebro (siglos V-VIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago CASTELLANOS

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El estudio de la documentación tardoantigua supone un avance en el conocimiento histórico y el debate historiográfico acerca de los múltiples problemas que presenta la Alta Edad Media en el Norte de la Península Ibérica. El autor profundiza en fuentes sobre la zona del Alto Ebro durante la Antigüedad tardía, al tiempo que proporciona un panorama social de tal ámbito, a fin de entender mejor el posterior mundo altomedieval, lejos de algunos modelos basados exclusivamente en fuentes altomedievales.ABSTRACT: The study of documents from late antiquity has led to progress in the historical knowledge and the historiographical debate surrounding the many problems presented by the Early Middle Ages in the north of the Iberian Peninsula. The author makes an in-depth study of sources from the Upper Ebro area during Late Antiquity, at the same time giving a social panorama of this same area, in order to better understand the subsequent early mediaeval world. This scene has turned out to be very different from models based exclusively on early mediaeval sources.

  8. Tabique walls composite earth-based material characterization in the Alto Douro wine region, Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui CARDOSO

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Alto Douro Wine Region, located in the northeast of Portugal, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, presents a relevant tabique building stock, a traditional vernacular building technology. A technology based on a timber framed structure filled with a composite earth-based material. Meanwhile, previous research works have revealed that, principally in rural areas, this Portuguese heritage is highly deteriorated and damaged because of the rareness of conservation and strengthening works, which is partly related to the non-engineered character of this technology and to the growing phenomenon of rural to urban migration. Those aspects associated with the lack of scientific studies related to this technology motivated the writing of this paper, whose main purpose is the physical and chemical characterization of the earth-based material applied in the tabique buildings of that region. Consequently, an experimental work was conducted and the results obtained allowed, among others, the proposal of a particle size distribution envelope in respect to this material. This information will provide the means to assess the suitability of a given earth-based material in regard to this technology. The knowledge from this study could be very useful for the development of future normative documents and as a reference for architects and engineers that work with earth to guide and regulate future conservation, rehabilitation or construction processes helping to preserve this fabulous legacy.

  9. Earth-based construction material field tests characterization in the Alto Douro Wine Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cardoso Rui

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The Alto Douro Wine Region, located in the northeast of Portugal, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, presents an abundant vernacular building heritage. This building technology is based on a timber framed structure filled with a composite earth-based material. A lack of scientific studies related to this technology is evident, furthermore, principally in rural areas, this traditional building stock is highly deteriorated and damaged because of the rareness of conservation and strengthening works, which is partly related to the non-engineered character of this technology and to the knowledge loosed on that technique. Those aspects motivated the writing of this paper, whose main purpose is the physical and chemical characterization of the earth-based material applied in the tabique buildings of that region through field tests. Consequently, experimental work was conducted and the results obtained allowed, among others, the proposal of a series of adequate field tests. At our knowledge, this is the first time field tests are undertaken for tabique technology. This information will provide the means to assess the suitability of a given earth-based material with regards to this technology. The knowledge from this study could also be very useful for the development of future normative documents and as a reference for architects and engineers that work with this technology to guide and regulate future conservation, rehabilitation or construction processes helping to preserve this important legacy.

  10. Trends in linguistic, scholastic and educational policies in trentino and Alto Adige (1919-1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Gori

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The text proposes the examination of school and educational policy choices made in the territories of Trentino and Alto Adige, for German and Ladin speaking minorities in the time period between the end of the first major world conflict and the beginning of the second. During the historical period under consideration, the territories of the new provinces were headquarters and object of multiple political, economic and cultural operations, marked by different and opposite strategies: referrals of implicit nationalist trend which attributed extensive legislative powers to central authorities, were replaced by more democratic guidelines, that embraced local autonomies and recognized the rights of the minorities. Search for a political balance between the two instances, which was initially pursued, left the field with the arrival of the first fascist government to a new scenario with the aim of Italianize, even with the use of violence, the kind and organization of the new provinces. The same contradictory scenario will mark the evolution of educational policies in the new territories; the attempt to extend the Italian scholastic regulations to new provinces, first gradually and respectfully on the linguistic minorities, their schools and traditions, with the fascist government will suffer a significant change in behavior and reasoning. The theme of this research, which is little studied and analyzed in detail, assumes its relevance, whether in terms of historical and educational research linked to particular historic moment and geographical context, whether in terms of the consequences that it had in the construction of the Italian Republic.

  11. ALGUNAS HERRAMIENTAS PARA LA TOMA DE DECISIONES DE INVERSIÓN EN PROYECTOS DE ALTO RIESGO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Villarreal

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presenta un posible aplicación metodológica para la toma de decisiones de inversión en proyectos de alto riesgo como las que típicamente son apoyados por los llamados fondos de capital de riesgo. El objetivo final es mostrar como es posible a través de esta metodología, reducir las asimetrías de información típicas en la relación entre inversionistas de riesgo (accionistas de capital y gestores de proyectos (accionistas industriales. La metodología propuesta se aplica a un plan de negocios real, pero de igual manera se puede aplicar a otros proyectos riesgosos, y muestra cómo una adecuada estructuración de un proceso de decisión, usando los modelos y herramientas adecuadas puede ser muy útil tanto en decisiones de fondos de inversión como en la estructuración de procesos de evaluación de alternativas de decisión estratégicas en las que el riesgo hace inapropiado el tradicional análisis determinístico.

  12. Las galerías filtrantes del Alto Lerma: usos y manejos sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Montes-Hernández

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La ubicación y estudio del manejo social del agua de las galerías filtrantes en el Estado de México no se ha realizado porque se ignora la existencia de este sistema hidráulico. En el presente artículo se informa por primera vez la georreferenciación y descripción del uso y manejo social del agua de las galerías filtrantes del Alto Lerma. Con base en trabajo de campo, revisión de archivos y etnografía, se verifica y describe la existencia de dicho sistema en esta región. El desarrollo de este trabajo es parte de una investigación más amplia, denominada "Caracterización del uso y manejo social del agua de las galerías filtrantes en el Estado de México", bajo la supervisión de Tonatiuh Romero.

  13. El poblamiento humano antiguo en el valle alto del Lozoya (Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belén Márquez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La localización en superficie en el término municipal de Lozoya (Madrid de un conjunto de piezas de industria lítica achelense permite retrotraer el primer poblamiento de esta zona al Pleistoceno medio, cuando hasta la fecha las evidencias más antiguas en el valle alto del río Lozoya se remontaban a inicios del Pleistoceno superior. El nuevo hallazgo sitúa al río Lozoya en relación cultural con el poblamiento humano antiguo de los ríos Jarama y Manzanares.The discovery of a surface sample of Acheulean lithic industry at the Lozoya district (Madrid takes back to the Middle Pleistocene the first human peopling of this area. Until now themost ancient evidences at the Upper Lozoya Valley went back to the initial Upper Pleistocene. The new findings place the Lozoya River in cultural relation with the ancient human population of Jarama and Manzanares Rivers.

  14. COMPREENSÃO DA PAISAGEM DO ALTO CAMAQUÃ: debate ambiental sobre o Bioma Pampa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Severo Figueiró

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente articulo trata de la confi guración del paisaje de la subcuenca del Alto Camaquã/RS, bien como la evolución de determinados elementos naturales y la historia de las culturas que tornaran esta una de las más bellas e intrigantes paisajes que componen el territorio gaucho y el denominado Bioma Pampa. Este recorte de estudio fue determinado en función de su importancia para la conservación y protección de este bioma brasilero amenazado por la introducción de formas de "desarrollo exógeno" actualmente aprobadasy que no están de acuerdo con las particularidades socioeconómicas, culturales y ambientales de la región.En este sentido, el documento analiza las particularidades existentes y condicionamiento que los elementos naturales de este paisaje representan para el proceso de propiedad y planifi cación territorial del Pampa.

  15. Hyphessobrycon ocasoensis sp. n. (Teleostei, Characidae una nueva especie para el Alto Cauca, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Alzate, C. A.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Hyphessobrycon ocasoensis n. sp. (Teleostei, Characidae a new species from the Alto Cauca, Colombia Hyphessobrycon ocasoensis n. sp. (Characiformes, Characidae from heterorhabdus group (Gery, 1977 is described from the upper Cauca River in Colombia. The new species is distinguished from all other known species by the following combination of characters: three unbranched and eight branched fins in the dorsal fin; short maxillary bone with one or no teeth; four small foramens in the maxillary bone, and five in the premaxillary; 5-17 scales with pores in the lateral line, six between the lateral line and anal-fin origin, six between the lateral line and pelvic-fin origin, and nine predorsals; depth of the caudal peduncle has a mean of 16.7% in standard length; interorbital width 50.6% in head; a dark spot on caudal peduncle and a dark lateral band that extends vertically from the dorsal–fin origin to the tips of the middle caudal fin rays. Physical and chemical data of their habitat are included.

  16. The staging and performativity of ethnic tourism in Los Altos de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Bayona Escat

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper reflects on the ethnic tourism and the selective and particular visions that tourists have about the indigenous population, described as different and exotic. The constructive look of the tourist is combined with the need to experiment with the otherness to authenticate the travel. This implies deepening the processes that make up the ethnic imaginary within the global leisure market, but also in analyzing the role that performance activities acquire as a tourist attraction. The work wants to explore the exhibition of the indigenous body in the tourist market from two visions: on the one hand, the interest of the body as cultural heritage; on the other, the moving body on the tourist stage. For the analysis I will use the ethnographic data of the region Altos Tzotzil Tzeltal of Chiapas (Mexico with great influx of ethnic tourists. The purpose is to observe how in these tourist spaces, built as exotic and outside the world economic and cultural system, they become precisely transnational places of exchange of glances, and in places where it is exhibited, observes and commodified a body qualified as ethnic.

  17. Multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis in Los Altos, Selva and Norte regions, Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Pérez, H J; Díaz-Vázquez, A; Nájera-Ortiz, J C; Balandrano, S; Martín-Mateo, M

    2010-01-01

    To analyse the proportion of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in cultures performed during the period 2000-2002 in Los Altos, Selva and Norte regions, Chiapas, Mexico, and to analyse MDR-TB in terms of clinical and sociodemographic indicators. Cross-sectional study of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) from the above regions. Drug susceptibility testing results from two research projects were analysed, as were those of routine sputum samples sent in by health personnel for processing (n = 114). MDR-TB was analysed in terms of the various variables of interest using bivariate tests of association and logistic regression. The proportion of primary MDR-TB was 4.6% (2 of 43), that of secondary MDR-TB was 29.2% (7/24), while among those whose history of treatment was unknown the proportion was 14.3% (3/21). According to the logistic regression model, the variables most highly associated with MDR-TB were as follows: having received anti-tuberculosis treatment previously, cough of >3 years' duration and not being indigenous. The high proportion of MDR cases found in the regions studied shows that it is necessary to significantly improve the control and surveillance of PTB.

  18. Reporte de cuatro casos clínicos de filariasis en Alto Nanay, Loreto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Vargas-Herrera

    Full Text Available El presente estudio describe los hallazgos clínicos, parasitológicos y de laboratorio de cuatro pacientes residentes en el distrito de Alto Nanay, Maynas, Loreto, Perú; infectados con microfilarias de Mansonella ozzardi. La evaluación clínica incluyó las especialidades de oftalmología, cardiología y nefrología. En el caso 1, destaca la presencia de dos tumoraciones subcutáneas, una a nivel dorsal y la otra en el tercio inferior de la pierna izquierda; en el caso 2, la sensación de “hormigueo o frío en las piernas”; en el caso 3 se encontró asociada una infección crónica por hepatitis B y en el caso 4 una tumoración de gran tamaño en región lumbar izquierda. En los cuatro pacientes se encontró Mansonella ozzardi y eosinofilia, tres presentaron valores mayores a 20%. La tumoración en el caso 4 correspondió a una hernia de contenido intestinal. Es necesario ejecutar más estudios clínicos y evaluar su verdadero efecto patógeno, es también pertinente estudiar la diversidad genética de filarias de la Amazonia peruana.

  19. Farmers typology and crops sustainability in Alto Urubamba, La Convencion – Cusco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isaías Merma

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The research was conducted in the geographical region of Alto Urubamba, province of La Convencion, Cusco - Peru. The objective was to identify types of farmers and evaluate crops sustainability on farms of high forest. Surveys were applied to a sample of 106 farmers in both biophysical and socio-economic terms in order to identify typology; this information was analyzed through descriptive statistics. Multivariate analysis using preselected variables was performed to identify types of farmers. In addition, sustainability of eight tropical crops was evaluated; for this purpose, three farms for each crop were selected from 24 evaluated farms. Practical indicators of soil quality and crop health with a valuation from 0 to 10 were used; farmers participated during this evaluation. The results show that there are three types of farmers according to their efficiency in resources management and their economic logic. The crops of tea (6.65 and mango (6.50 obtained the highest values of sustainability, followed by coffee (6.25, cocoa (6.25, citrus (5.50, banana (5.45 and coca (5.10. Papaya (4.60 shows a value less than five; therefore, is considered as unsustainable according to local conditions.

  20. Professional and personal ethics in translation: A survey of South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    actual ethical decision-making, leading to the choice of particular strategies for the ...... 2013) notes that roughly 26% are males and 74% females. .... for this translation strategy, and professional ethics accounting for only 7% of motivations (3.

  1. Professional assessment of facial profile attractiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soh, Jen; Chew, Ming Tak; Wong, Hwee Bee

    2005-08-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the assessments of Chinese facial profile attractiveness by orthodontists and oral surgeons. The sample comprised 31 dental professionals (20 orthodontists, 11 oral surgeons) in an Asian community. Facial profile photographs and lateral cephalometric radiographs of 2 Chinese adults (1 man, 1 woman) with normal profiles, Class I incisor relationships, and Class I skeletal patterns were digitized. The digital images were modified by altering cephalometric skeletal and dental hard tissue Chinese normative values in increments of 2 standard deviations in the anteroposterior plane to obtain 7 facial profiles for each sex. The images were bimaxillary protrusion, protrusive mandible, retrusive mandible, normal profile (Class I incisor with Class I skeletal pattern), retrusive maxilla, protrusive maxilla, and bimaxillary retrusion. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to determine professional differences in assessment. Multiple regression analysis was performed with age, professional status, sex, and number of years in practice as independent variables. A strong correlation was found in the profile assessment between orthodontists and oral surgeons. Normal and bimaxillary retrusive Chinese male and female profiles were judged to be highly attractive by orthodontists and oral surgeons. Chinese male and female profiles with protrusive mandibles were judged the least attractive. There was a difference in professional opinion about the most attractive male profile (P profile and oral surgeons preferring a fuller normal Chinese profile. Sex of dental professionals and number of years in clinical practice were found to affect profile rankings.

  2. Male pattern baldness (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Male pattern baldness is a sex-linked characteristic that is passed from mother to child. A man can more accurately predict his chances of developing male pattern baldness by observing his mother's father than by looking ...

  3. [Male urinary incontinence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, T.A. de; Heesakkers, J.P.F.A.

    2008-01-01

    *Urinary incontinence in males is gaining increasingly more attention. *Male urinary incontinence can be classified as storage incontinence due to overactive bladder syndrome or stress incontinence due to urethral sphincter dysfunction. *Most patients benefit from the currently available treatment

  4. Self catheterization - male

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... male; CIC - male Images Catheterization References Davis JE, Silverman MA. Urologic procedures. In: Roberts JR, ed. Roberts ... provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial ...

  5. Causes of Male Infertility

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... RESOURCES Overview Infographic Gallery Educational Videos State Infertility Insurance Laws Protect Your Fertility Campaign Find a Health Professional ABOUT ASRM Vision of ASRM ASRM's Mission ...

  6. Energy and quality of life: a case study in HPP Tijuco Alto, Ribeira, SP; Energia e qualidade de vida: estudo de caso da Uhe Tijuco Alto no Municipio de Ribeira, SP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Conceicao, Andre Luiz da [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (FEM/UNICAMP), SP (BRazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica], email: conceicao.andreluiz@yahoo.com.br; Seixas, Sonia Regina da Cal [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (NEPAM/UNICAMP), SP (BRazil). Nucleo de Estudos e Pesquisas Ambientais], email: srcal@unicamp.br

    2010-07-01

    This paper deals with a critical and reflexive that the issue involving the possibility of construction and operation of Hydroelectric Power (HEP) Tijuco Alto, the upper course of the Ribeira Valley between Sao Paulo and Parana, in the Vale do Ribeira. This project will directly affect the towns of Ribeira-SP, Itapirapua Paulista-SP, Cerro Azul-PR, Dr. Ulysses-PR and Adrianopolis-PR. Thus, we defined the main objective of the research examines the quality of life in the city of Ribeira-SP, at the possibility of deployment of the dam. Thus, field research was conducted in the city and interviews with residents, where it was possible to observe, among other things the precarious economic conditions, social, urban and cultural community. Another aspect noted was the fact that most respondents to position themselves for the construction of the HPP Tijuco Alto, citing primarily the need for local development and increased job opportunities. Those opposing the plant, highlighted environmental issues, mainly, reasons related to loss of peace and security site. Regardless of those who are for or against, a technical opinion issued by IBAMA in 2008 points to the likely deployment of the HPP Tijuco Alto. (author)

  7. Prostatitis and male infertility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alshahrani, Saad; McGill, John; Agarwal, Ashok

    2013-11-01

    The prostate gland plays an important role in male reproduction. Inflammation of the prostate gland (prostatitis) is a common health problem affecting many young and middle aged men. Prostatitis is considered a correctable cause of male infertility, but the pathophysiology and appropriate treatment options of prostatitis in male infertility remain unclear. This literature review will focus on current data regarding prostatitis and its impact on male infertility. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. INFLUENCIA DE LAS VARIABLES CONTEXTUALES EN EL RENDIMIENTO FÍSICO EN EL FÚTBOL DE ALTO NIVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Lago

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

     

    RESUMEN

    El objetivo de este estudio consistió en examinar el efecto de la localización del partido, el nivel del oponente y el marcador sobre la actividad física de los jugadores en el fútbol de alto nivel. Para ello fueron analizados 27 partidos disputados por un equipo de fútbol profesional en la temporada 2005-2006 de la Liga Española de Fútbol de Primera División utilizando un sistema computerizado de análisis del juego. La variable dependiente consistió en la distancia cubierta por los jugadores a diferentes intensidades. Los datos fueron analizados mediante un análisis de regresión lineal que incorporó cuatro variables independientes: el marcador del partido, la localización del encuentro (casa o fuera, el nivel del oponente y el puesto específico de los jugadores. Los resultados indican que la distancia cubierta por los jugadores a diferentes intensidades estuvo influida por una o más variables contextuales, con la localización del partido y, sobre todo, el marcador como aspectos más relevantes. Los futbolistas recorrieron menos distancia a alta intensidad (>19.1 km/h cuando tuvieron el marcador a favor que cuando iban perdiendo. Los jugadores que jugaron en casa cubrieron una distancia mayor que los visitantes a baja intensidad (< 14.1 km/h, pero no se apreciaron diferencias a media, submáxima o máxima intensidad .No hubo diferencias entre ningún puesto específico cuando se comparó la distancia cubierta a baja intensidad. Sin embargo, los delanteros y los interiores laterales cubrieron una distancia mayor que los defensas y los mediocentros a submáxima y máxima intensidad.
    Palabras Clave: análisis del juego, variables contextuales, fútbol. rendimiento físico.

     

    ABSTRACT

    The aim of this

  9. Varicocele and male infertility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian Fuglesang S.; Østergren, Peter; Dupree, James M.

    2017-01-01

    The link between varicoceles and male infertility has been a matter of debate for more than half a century. Varicocele is considered the most common correctable cause of male infertility, but some men with varicoceles are able to father children, even without intervention. In addition, improvements...... if the male partner has a clinically palpable varicocele and affected semen parameters....

  10. HTLV-I en población de alto riesgo sexual de Pisco, Ica, Perú.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia GARRIDO

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Se estudiaron 141 personas con alto riesgo sexual en la ciudad de Pisco para detectar infección por HTLV-I. Material y Métodos: Se encuestaron y se tomaron muestras de sangre a 141 personas que involucró a trabajadoras sexuales (32, varones homosexuales (54, y varones bisexuales(55. Resultados: Tres de treintidós (10.4% trabajadoras sexuales fueron positivas; uno de cincuenticuatro (1.9% de varones homosexuales y ninguno de 55 bisexuales. Hubo una elevada frecuencia de parejas, así como el antecedente de enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS en estos grupos con comportamiento de riesgo. Conclusiones: El HTLV-I es una infección frecuente en grupos de alto riesgo sexual de Pisco-Perú. (Rev Med Hered 1997; 8:104-107.

  11. Sobre la determinación de la calidad de las escorias de horno alto y de las puzolanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wittekindt, W.

    1964-06-01

    Full Text Available Not availableEn la molienda de clínker portland con escoria de horno alto para obtener cemento portland de hierro y cemento de horno alto, uno está más seguro de la calidad del clínker que de la escoria. El análisis del clínker y el cálculo de los minerales de clínker, facilitado por este análisis, nos dice ya, en gran parte, si se puede fabricar con este clínker un cemento portland de mayor o menor resistencia, si pueden esperarse buenas resistencias iniciales o si hay que contar más bien con mayores resistencias finales, cual es la resistencia del cemento a los sulfatos, etc.

  12. Towards professionalism in agricultural extension: The professional ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Towards professionalism in agricultural extension: The professional registration of Extensionists in South Africa – A dream or a reality? The role of the ... The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader). If you would ...

  13. Towards professionalism in agricultural extension: The professional ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Towards professionalism in agricultural extension: The professional registration of Extensionists in South Africa – A dream or a reality? The role of the South African Society of Extensionists in South Africa – A dream or a reality? The role of the South African Society of Agricultural Extension (SASAE)

  14. Philosophy of Education Subscales: Predictors of EFL Teachers' Professional Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashraf, Hamid; Kafi, Zahra H.

    2017-01-01

    The present study aimed at investigating the relationship between Iranian EFL, English as a foreign language, male and female instructors' philosophy of education and their professional development to see whether there is any significant relation between the type of philosophy of education that teachers hold and their professional development. It…

  15. Does Ramadan affect the risk of injury in professional football?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eirale, Cristiano; Tol, Johannes L.; Smiley, Faten; Farooq, Abdulaziz; Chalabi, Hakim

    2013-01-01

    To investigate whether fasting during Ramadan influences injury incidence in professional Muslim and non-Muslim footballers. Prospective cohort study. Professional First Division League of Qatar. About 527 male football players (462 Muslim and 65 non-Muslim) from 7 league clubs (first year of data

  16. Teacher Professional Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nareerat Rakwichitkul

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Teacher professional development are the teachers’ learning process throughout their career stages to ensure that teachers have knowledge, skills and needed competencies for teaching among rapid changes in social, economic and technology which have the impact on learning and teaching. This article deals with the topics of the framework for teaching, teacher career stages and teacher professional development. The research findings related to teacher professional development, teacher professional development activities, suggestions for planning the professional development. Those research findings can be applied and implemented by the school principals, educational supervisors and other professional developers.

  17. Relación entre el estilo de vida de una joven deportista de alto rendimiento y los patrones funcionales de salud de Marjory Gordon

    OpenAIRE

    Fabra Heredia, Juan Manuel; Casadó Marín, Lina

    2014-01-01

    Estudio de caso que busca conocer y comprender la relación que hay entre el estilo de vida de una joven deportista de alto rendimiento y los patrones funcionales de salud, a través de la valoración realizada a una joven deportista de alto rendimiento, desde una perspectiva holística, para adentrarse en las peculiaridades propias de este estilo de vida y crear un punto de partida para los cuidados de enfermería dirigidos a deportistas de alto rendimiento. En este caso, se observaron factores p...

  18. Injury risk in professional boxing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bledsoe, Gregory H; Li, Guohu; Levy, Fred

    2005-10-01

    Although a popular endeavor, boxing has fallen under increased scrutiny because of its association with traumatic brain injury. However, few studies have investigated the overall epidemiology of boxing injuries from representative samples, and no study has ever documented the incidence of injuries in female boxers. This study is a review of professional boxing data from the state of Nevada from September 2001 through March 2003. Medical and outcome data for all professional boxing matches occurring in Nevada between September 2001 and March 2003 (n = 524 matches) were analyzed on the basis of a pair-matched, case-control design. Cases were boxers who received an injury during the boxing matches. Boxers who were not injured served as control subjects. Both conditional and unconditional logistic regression models were used to assess risk factors for injury. The overall incidence rate of injury was 17.1 per 100 boxer-matches, or 3.4 per 100 boxer-rounds. Facial laceration accounted for 51% of all injuries, followed by hand injury (17%), eye injury (14%), and nose injury (5%). Male boxers were significantly more likely than female boxers to receive injuries (3.6 versus 1.2 per 100 boxer-rounds, P = 0.01). Male boxing matches also ended in knockouts and technical knockouts more often than did female matches (P boxing matches is high, particularly among male boxers. Superficial facial lacerations are the most common injury reported. Male boxers have a higher rate of knockout and technical knockouts than female boxers. Further research is necessary to determine the outcomes of injury, particularly the long-term neurologic outcome differences between sexes.

  19. Evaluation of some energy options for the replacement of wood in cooking food in the Region Alto Patia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santacruz, Carlos A; Macia, Andres F

    2006-01-01

    In the present article an environmental evaluation appears financier and social of the different power solutions for the substitution from the wood in the food baking. First begins to describe the region of the Alto Patia, soon the objective population defines, this is village the San Juanito, in addition and they define the evaluation criteria the propose technologies that are: Solar, Electric, coal, gas and finally it is selected most suitable for this region.

  20. Lípidos séricos en escolares y adolescentes sanos chilenos de estrato socioeconómico alto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zacarías S. José, Dr.

    2012-11-01

    Conclusiones: En niños y adolescentes chilenos sanos de estratos socioeconómicos altos, hay una alta proporción con colesterol total y colesterol LDL en zonas de riesgo o aumentadas. Las concentraciones de colesterol de adolescentes mujeres son significativamente mayores que las de varones. No se observó una asociación de lípidos séricos con perímetro abdominal o con IMC.

  1. Sedimentation survey of Lago Loíza, Trujillo Alto, Puerto Rico, July 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soler-López, Luis R.; Licha-Soler, N.A.

    2014-01-01

    Lago Loíza is a reservoir formed at the confluence of Río Gurabo and Río Grande de Loíza in the municipality of Trujillo Alto in central Puerto Rico, about 10 kilometers (km) north of the town of Caguas, about 9 km northwest of Gurabo, and about 3 km south of Trujillo Alto (fig. 1). The Carraizo Dam is owned and operated by the Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority (PRASA), and was constructed in 1953 as a water-supply reservoir for the San Juan Metropolitan area. The dam is a concrete gravity structure that is located in a shallow valley and has a gently sloping left abutment and steep right abutment. Non-overflow sections flank the spillway section. Waterways include an intake structure for the pumping station and power plant, sluiceways, a trash sluice, and a spillway. The reservoir was built to provide a storage capacity of 26.8 million cubic meters (Mm3) of water at the maximum pool elevation of 41.14 meters (m) above mean sea level (msl) for the Sergio Cuevas Filtration Plant that serves the San Juan metropolitan area. The reservoir has a drainage area of 538 square kilometers (km2) and receives an annual mean rainfall that ranges from 1,600 to 5,000 millimeters per year (mm/yr). The principal streams that drain into Lago Loíza are the Río Grande de Loíza, Río Gurabo, and Río Cañas. Two other rivers, the Río Bairoa and Río Cagüitas, discharge into the Río Grande de Loíza just before it enters the reservoir. The combined mean annual runoff of the Río Grande de Loíza and the Río Gurabo for the 1960–2009 period of record is 323 Mm3. Flow from these streams constitutes about 89 percent of the total mean annual inflow of 364 Mm3 to the reservoir (U.S. Geological Survey, 2009). Detailed information about Lago Loíza reservoir structures, historical sediment accumulation, and a dredge conducted in 1999 are available in Soler-López and Gómez-Gómez (2005). During July 8–15, 2009, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Caribbean Water Science

  2. 222 Rn exposure assessment in the caves of Parque Estadual Turistico do Alto Ribeira (PETAR)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alberigi, Simone

    2006-01-01

    In the present work, radon concentrations in six caves of PETAR - Parque Estadual Turistico do Alto Ribeira (High Ribeira River Touristic State Park) were carried out with Makrofol E solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTD) and used to assess the annual effective dose received by regional tour guides. The park has four visitation centers: Santana, Ouro Grosso, Caboclos e Casa de Pedra and receives nearly 40,000 people annually. The caves evaluated were Couto, Agua Suja, Laje Branca, Morro Preto and Santana, from Santana center and Alambari de Baixo from Ouro Grosso center, for being the most frequently visited caves. The exposure period of the SSNTD was, at least, three months, over a period of 26 months, from October 2003 to November 2005.The 222 Rn concentrations lay in a range from 153 Bq.m -3 to 6607 Bq.m -3 and we observed that, in general, for chilly weather, the radon levels decrease. The annual effective dose, considering the most realistic scenario, with geometric mean concentrations, an equilibrium factor of 0.5 and annual exposure time for each cave, varied from 0.2 mSv.a -1 for the Couto cave, strongly ventilated, to 4.0 mSv.a -1 for the Santana cave, the most frequently visited and no external communication. For the worst scenario, with arithmetic mean concentrations, equilibrium factor 1 and annual exposure time for all caves, the annual effective dose was 16.1 mSv.a -1 . All assessed effective doses received by the tour guides are bellow 20 mSv.a -1 suggested as an annual effective dose limit for occupational exposure by the International Commission of Radiological Protection (ICRP 60, 1990). (author)

  3. Fish mercury concentration in the Alto Pantanal, Brazil: influence of season and water parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hylander, L D; Pinto, F N; Guimarães, J R; Meili, M; Oliveira, L J; de Castro e Silva, E

    2000-10-16

    The tropical flood plain Pantanal is one of the world's largest wetlands and a wildlife sanctuary. Mercury (Hg) emissions from some upstream gold mining areas and recent findings of high natural Hg levels in tropical oxisols motivated studies on the Hg cycle in the Pantanal. A survey was made on total Hg in the most consumed piscivorous fish species from rivers and floodplain lakes in the north (Cáceres and Barão de Melgaço) and in the south part of Alto Pantanal (around the confluence of the Cuiabá and Paraguai rivers). Samples were collected in both the rainy and dry seasons (March and August 1998) and included piranha (Serrasalmus spp.), and catfish (Pseudoplatystoma coruscans, pintado, and Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum, cachara or surubim). There was only a small spatial variation in Hg concentration of the 185 analyzed fish samples from the 200 x 200 km large investigation area, and 90% contained total Hg concentration below the safety limit for regular fish consumption (500 ng g(-1)). Concentration above this limit was found in both Pseudoplatystoma and Serrasalmus samples from the Baia Siá Mariana, the only acid soft-water lake included in this study, during both the rainy and dry seasons. Concentration above this limit was also found in fish outside Baia Siá Mariana during the dry season, especially in Rio Cuiabá in the region of Barão de Melgaço. The seasonal effect may be connected with decreasing water volumes and changing habitat during the dry season. The results indicate that fertile women should restrict their consumption of piscivorous fishes from the Rio Cuiabá basin during the dry season. Measures should be implanted to avoid a further deterioration of fish Hg levels.

  4. NUEVAS TERAPIAS EN EL MANEJO DE LOS GLIOMAS DE ALTO GRADO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Raúl Valenzuela

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available El reto de mejorar el tratamiento actual de los gliomas de alto grado ha sido abordado con inmensa creatividad, desarrollándose una gran variedad de estrategias para este fin. El análisis interino de un estudio fase III mostró que el beneficio de la terapia standard mejora al complementarla con terapia de campos eléctricos alternantes (Novo TTF-100 A; dadas las limitaciones de un análisis interino, queda por establecer la real magnitud y relevancia clínica de esta mejoría. El presunto beneficio de usar tratamiento antiviral contra citomegalovirus es muy controvertido y su utilidad no se ha demostrado en forma fehaciente. Las terapias antiangiogénicas han mostrado ser útiles para el manejo de las recurrencias, al menos como tratamiento sintomático, pero no han demostrado mejorar la sobrevida en pacientes de novo. La terapia dirigida contra señales intracelulares de crecimiento, conceptualmente muy atractiva, todavía no ha logrado resultados clínicos exitosos. Hay datos preliminares promisorios respecto al uso clínico de vacunas antitumorales y de inmunomodulación con inhibidores de “checkpoints”; también hay algunos datos preliminares a favor del uso de virus oncolíticos. La terapia genética parece estar en etapas aún muy tempranas de su desarrollo y probablemente demore más tiempo en llegar a demostrar utilidad clínica.

  5. Diversidad de peces en la cuenca del Alto Yuruá (Ucayali, Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanca Rengifo

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio compara los patrones de diversidad de peces en la Cuenca del Alto Yurúa. El área de estudio comprendió tres sub cuencas: Beu, Breu y Yurúa, todas sin impacto antropogénico. Mediante pesca con redes de arrastre a orilla, se colectaron 10564 individuos y se identificaron 185 especies de peces. En escala regional, el promedio del índice de diversidad Shannon (H’ para Beu fue de 2,02; para Breu 1,84 y para Yuruá 1,75. Según el análisis de rarefacción, Yurúa tuvo la riqueza de especies esperada más alta (91 spp. en comparación con Beu (87 y Breu (68. En la escala local, los ambientes lóticos presentaron mayor riqueza y diversidad que los lénticos. La diversidad promedio (H’ fue mayor en lóticos (Beu 2,04; Breu 1,90; y Yurúa 1,86, comparados con lénticos de los mismos (Beu 1,66; Breu 1,86; y Yurúa 1,82. La mayor diversidad de peces observada en ambiente lóticos podría explicarse por que la mayoría de peces amazónicos tienen el comportamiento de desplazarse por los canales principales de los ríos, mientras que los lagos pueden presentar condiciones de estrés estacional (alta presión de depredación y bajas concentraciones de oxígeno disuelto.

  6. Tratamento do paciente com mielodisplasia de alto risco Treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome in high risk patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evandro M. Fagundes

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available O tratamento do paciente com mielodisplasia deve ser feito considerando o risco biológico da doença, a idade e as condições clínicas do paciente. De um modo geral, uma doença de alto risco necessitaria de um tratamento mais agressivo. Porém, devido à elevada idade mediana no diagnóstico, a maioria dos pacientes não tolera tratamentos intensivos. O transplante de células-tronco hematopoiéticas é a única opção para aqueles que objetivam a cura da doença. Para aqueles que não podem se submeter a um transplante, as opções incluem o uso de quimioterapia intensiva, agentes hipometilantes, tratamento suportivo e/ou inclusão em estudos clínicos. A quimioterapia intensiva semelhante à utilizada para leucemia mielóide aguda é uma boa opção para pacientes em boas condições clínicas e com menos de 65 anos de idade.To initiate a treatment for myelodysplastic syndrome, the physician should consider the patient's age, status performance and the risk of transformation to acute myeloid leukemia (AML and death. In theory, a high risk disease should be approached with intense treatment however most patients are not healthy enough to receive aggressive treatment with chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation. For those who are not able to receive a transplantation, the treatment options include AML-like chemotherapy, hypomethylating agents, supportive care alone or participation in a clinical trial. AML-like chemotherapy is still a reasonable choice for those patients who are in good clinical conditions and are younger than 65 years of age.

  7. Occupational safety and health practices among flower greenhouses workers from Alto Tietê region (Brazil)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ribeiro, Marcela G.; Colasso, Camilla G.; Monteiro, Paula P.; Filho, Walter R. Pedreira; Yonamine, Maurício

    2012-01-01

    In this preliminary study the occupational safety and health practices among flower greenhouses workers were evaluated. The study was carried out in the alto Tietê region, located at the Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Inadequate welfare facilities; poor pesticide storage, use and disposal conditions; use of highly toxic pesticides; lack of adequate data regarding pesticide use; and incorrect use and maintenance of PPE were observed in most of the visited greenhouses. These results suggest that, in greenhouses, workers may be at higher risk of pesticide exposure, due to many factors that can intensify the exposure such as the lack of control on reentry intervals after pesticide application. Specific regulations are needed to ensure better OSH practices on pesticide use and to improve working conditions in greenhouses, in order to deal with the peculiarities of greenhouse working environment. Some of the special requirements for greenhouses workers' protection are the establishment of ventilation criteria for restricted entry interval; clear reentry restrictions; and EPI for workers other than applicators that need to enter the greenhouse before expiring REI interval. Another important way to improve OSH practices among workers includes the distribution of simple guidelines on the dos and don'ts regarding OSH practices in greenhouses and extensively training interventions to change the perception of hazards and the behavior towards risk. - Highlights: ► Occupational safety and health practices among flower greenhouses workers were evaluated. ► Lack of clear reentry restrictions can intensify the exposure in greenhouses. ► Specific regulations dealing with the peculiarities of greenhouse working environment are needed. ► Distribution of simple guidelines relying on greenhouse working can improve OSH practices. ► Training interventions are important to change the workers' perception of hazards and behavior towards risk.

  8. Ethnobotanical notes about some uses of medicinal plants in Alto Tirreno Cosentino area (Calabria, Southern Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Impieri Massimo

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The present paper contributes to enrich the ethnobotanical knowledge of Calabria region (Southern Italy. Research was carried out in Alto Tirreno Cosentino, a small area lying between the Tyrrhenian coast and the Pollino National Park. In the area studied medicinal plants still play a small role among farmers, shepherds and other people who live far from villages and built-up areas. Methods Information was collected by interviewing native people, mainly elderly – engaged in farming and stock-raising activities – and housewives. The plants collected, indicated by the locals, have been identified according to "Flora d'Italia". The exsiccata vouchers are preserved in the authors' own herbaria. Results 52 medicinal species belonging to 35 families are listed in this article. The family, botanical and vernacular name, part of the plant used and respective manipulation are reported there and, when present, similar or identical uses in different parts of Calabria or other Italian regions are also indicated. Conclusion Labiatae, Rosaceae and Leguminosae are the families most frequently present, whilst Compositae and Brassicaceae are almost absent. The uses of the recorded species relate to minor ailments, mainly those of the skin (15 species, respiratory apparatus diseases (11, toothache, decay etc. (10 and rheumatic pains (8. The easy availability of these remedies provides a quick way of curing various minor complaints such as tooth-ache, belly and rheumatic pain and headaches and can also serve as first aid as cicatrizing, lenitive, haemostatic agents etc. The role in veterinary medicine is, on the contrary, more important: sores, ulcers, tinea, dermatitis, gangrenous wounds of cattle, and even respiratory ailments are usually cured by resort to plants.

  9. CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE ADJUSTMENT OF SWINE PRODUCTION CONDUCT IN THE ALTO URUGUAI CATARINENSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Rocha de Miranda

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a partial survey of the SPC evaluation, conducted in 2010, with swine signatory to the properties of the SPC in the microregion of Alto Uruguai Catarinense, in order to evaluate the effective implementation of corrective measures established in the Term. The survey was conducted through visits in September 2010 in 58 farmers, selected from representative sampling. For the sampling plan two basic conditions should be followed: 1 in all municipalities nineteen producers should be visited, 2 the type of contractual relationship of the pig farmers should be considered. For the average pig farmer environmental adaptations such expenses are considered significant, given remuneration of the activity is considered small. The SPC was considered of great importance for about 70% of respondents. For some pig farmers, the SPC is serving as a sort of extension of time in which the pig farmers are taking advantage to make the maximum depreciation of facilities. In the farms visited, there was being done isolation of the areas of riparian and annotation of the legal reserve, but it appears that such practice is being conducted in a bureaucratic way. The aging of pig farmers is an indisputable fact, perceiving few properties where there are possible successors. Considering the actions that are being implemented, it appears that term led to the development of numerous environmental improvements on farms. Furthermore, provided the necessary security for the pig farmers continue producing. However, it can be perceived the need for the measures envisaged are associated with effective monitoring and technical education, since some measures are being met, as merely bureaucratic, given that many producers do not understand the environmental importance of compliance with these legal requirements.

  10. Professional and Regulatory Search

    Science.gov (United States)

    Professional and Regulatory search are designed for people who use EPA web resources to do their job. You will be searching collections where information that is not relevant to Environmental and Regulatory professionals.

  11. Communicating with Professionals

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Disease Venous Thromboembolism Aortic Aneurysm More Communicating with Professionals Updated:Mar 8,2018 After a cardiac event ... shorter and more rushed than you (or your professionals) want. Simple communication skills can help you get ...

  12. Professional performance in school

    OpenAIRE

    Rubio, J. F.

    2012-01-01

    Professional performance in education is now calling the attention of researcher due to its role in the professionalizing process intended to increase international education standards. In this article the term professional performance is examined from the two socio-historic traditional roles involved in training the individuals as a bio-psychic and social entity: teachers and executive. By means of scientific methods, the author gives the theoretical grounds connecting professional performan...

  13. Professional negligence reconsidered

    OpenAIRE

    DeVries, Ubaldus R M Th

    1996-01-01

    This thesis examines the concept of professional negligence. In doing so, it aims to find the distinguishing factors that characterize professional negligence as against other types of negligence. It seeks to emphasize the functions, duties and activities of professional people, rather than any examination of their status. The thesis demonstrates that this concept is based on a "broadspectrum" duty of care with specific obligations, particular to professional conduct. ...

  14. Professional Development. Issue Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keleher, Julia

    2017-01-01

    In this professional development research brief, the author sets forth the overarching considerations that should be kept in mind when conceptualizing professional development for educators working with neglected or delinquent youth (N or D). The brief begins by defining professional development and demonstrating why it is a critical support for…

  15. Professional Socialization in Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edens, Geraldine E.

    Professional socialization is the process by which individuals acquire the specialized knowledge, skills, attitudes, values, norms, and interests needed to perform their professional roles acceptably. The following interacting domains of potential professional self-growth can be defined as outcomes of the socialization process: self-image, role…

  16. Professional Commitment and Professional Marginalism in Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalashnikov A.I.

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The article reviews teachers' attitudes towards the teaching profession which can be expressed both in professional commitment and in professional marginalism. The dominance of professional marginalism could affect destructively the students as well as the teacher’s personality, hence the issues related to the content of personal position of a marginal and the rate of marginalism among teachers. It was suggested that marginalism could be revealed in the study of professional commitment. The study involved 81 teachers of Sverdlovsk secondary schools aged 21—60 years with work experience ranging from 1 month to 39 years. The Professional Commitment Questionnaire was used as the study technique. The results showed that negative emotional attitude towards the profession and reluctance to leave the profession were grouped as a separate factor. The dispersion factor was 12,5%. The factor loadings ranged from 0.42 to 0.84. The study proved that professional marginalism in teachers includes dissatisfaction with work, feelings of resentment against profession and an unwillingness to leave the profession.

  17. Pimelodus paranaensis, sp. n., um novo Pimelodidae (Pisces, Siluriformes do Alto Paraná, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heraldo A. Britski

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Descreve-se Pimelodus paranaensis, sp. n., da bacia do Alto Paraná, Brasil, com base em 20 exemplares. A nova espécie pode ser assim diagnosticada: (i dentes presentes e formando duas áreas isoladas no vômer; (ii faixa pré-maxilar de dentes com um ângulo projetado para trás; (iii teto do crânio coberto por pele fina; (iv comprimento da nadadeira adiposa 3,9 a 4,3 vezes no comprimento padrão; (v a maior altura da nadadeira adiposa 3,1 a 4.3 vezes no seu comprimento; (vi região dorsal do corpo de cor castanha com pequenas manchas arredondadas, castanho-escuras. Apesar de possuir dentes vomerianos como em Pimelodus albicans, e como em certos exemplares de P. clarias (sensu Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1890, achamos que as verdadeiras relações desta nova espécie e sua situação genérica só poderão ser estabelecidas após uma nova boa revisão do grupo.Pimelodus paranaensis, n. sp., from the Upper Paraná basin, is described on the basis of 20 specimens. The new species can be diagnosed as follows: (1 teeth present and forming two isolated on the vomer; (2 premaxillary band of teeth with a backward projecting angle; (3 top of head covered with thin layer of skin; (4 adipose fin basis 3,9 to 4.6 in standard length; (5 greatest depth of adipose fin 3.1 to 4.3 in its length, (6 dark spots along the dorsum. In spite of having teeth on the vomer as Pimelodus albicans, and as some specimens of P. clarias (sensu Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1890 and in being similar to Bagropsis reinhardti in many respects, we feel that the true relationships and the generic status of the new species can be established only after a thorough revision of the group.

  18. Social perception of the forest landscape in Trentino-Alto Adige (Italy: comparison of case studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pastorella F

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The landscape is the product of human activities and nature as developed during the centuries. However, the landscape has a symbolic value because it can be considered the identity and culture of a territory that includes the values and beliefs of local population. The Alpine landscape is a unicum in the world due to its geomorphologic, climatic and vegetation characteristics and socio-economic conditions of local population. Over the centuries the social perception of Alps has changed: in a first phase the Alps were considered “horrible and scary mountains”, later Alps were perceived as “beautiful and fascinating places”, and currently the Alpine mountains are considered a place of relaxation and recreation. The analysis of landscape perception aimed to investigate the visitors’ opinions about landscape is an important instrument to support the decision concerning the land planning and management. This study focuses on the analysis of the aesthetic perception of visitors on Alpine landscapes following two perspectives: a first overall perspective considering the landscape as a mosaic of different land uses and a second perspective of detail observing the individual components that characterize the forest landscape. The aim of the study is to identify the most appreciated elements of landscape from the aesthetic point of view and the influence of socio-demographic characteristics of respondents on individual perception. In order to investigate the perception about the Alpine landscapes 358 visitors of two sites of Trentino-Alto Adige (Val di Genova and Santa Maria lake were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. The results show that the most appreciated elements of the landscape by the visitors are water (lakes and rivers and forests. These preferences are also conditioned by the site where the interviews were made. In addition, the results show that for the respondents of this survey the forest with the highest attractiveness

  19. Conduta na lesão intraepitelial de alto grau em mulheres adultas

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    Pauliana Sousa Oliveira

    Full Text Available O câncer cervical é a segunda causa mais comum de câncer entre as mulheres no mundo, apesar de apresentar grande potencial de prevenção e cura quando diagnosticado e tratado precocemente, o que pode reduzir a taxa de mortalidade entre as acometidas. Como não há consenso entre as medidas terapêuticas nas lesões intraepiteliais escamosas cervicais de alto grau (HSIL, buscamos discutir a conduta frente às mulheres adultas que apresentam HSIL e o seguimento após o procedimento adotado. Foi realizada pesquisa eletrônica no Medline (através do PubMed, National Guidelines Clearinghouse, Google Acadêmico e Lilacs. Os consensos identificados foram avaliados segundo sua validade e recomendações. Em relação ao acompanhamento após o tratamento, o Europeu acompanha por citologia de 6/6 meses; o Australiano, citologia e colposcopia de 6/6 meses; o Americano preconiza a realização da captura híbrida em seis a 12 meses ou citologia em seis meses. Já o Projeto Diretrizes do Brasil recomenda que reavaliações clínicas e colpocitológicas devam ser realizadas a cada três ou quatro meses nos primeiros dois anos de seguimento. Estudos comparando o método "Ver e Tratar" com os três passos (histologia, colposcopia, biópsia concluíram que este último é indicado em mulheres LSIL/ASCUS antes de se submeterem à exérese da zona de transformação (EZT, enquanto que o "Ver e Tratar" é indicado em mulheres com HSIL comprovada na citologia e sugestiva na colposcopia, pois apresenta como vantagens, o baixo custo e a resolução imediata. Todos os consensos são unânimes ao afirmar que frente à HSIL comprovada, retira-se a lesão por meio de ablação ou conização ou EZT.

  20. Alto Patache fog oasis in the Atacama Desert: Geographical basis for a sustainable development program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calderón, M.; Cereceda, P.; Larrain, H.; Osses, P.; Pérez, L.; Ibáñez, M.

    2010-07-01

    Alto Patache coastal fog oasis is a protected area located south of Iquique, Northern Chile, being presently in charge of the Atacama Desert Center (ADC) research group of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, since 1997. On 2007, the Chilean Government bestowed a piece of land stretch covering 1,114 hectares to ADC scientific group for scientific research, ecosystem protection and environmental education. This oasis has been recently studied from different points of view: climate, biogeography, fog collection, geomorphology, soil survey and land use planning, plant distribution, conservation and archaeology. During 2009, a study of the geographical basis to elaborate a general management plan was undertaken to collect information to fulfill our planned out objectives. Through this study, georreferenciated strategic information was compiled to evaluate future actions conducting to a sustainable development within the protected area. This information was translated into thematic maps showing the spatial distribution of variables like: climate, geology, geomorphology, soils, vegetation, fauna, archaeological sites and management zones. The methodology used is the analysis of satellite imagery, using GPS by creating a cartographic Data Base incorporated in GIS. Results show that the area starts at the littoral plain, ranging from 500 m to 2.000 m, being continued in parts by a piedmont intercepted by a very abrupt mega-cliff, or hectares of climbing sand dunes leading to a short high plateau limited by a soft hilly area to the East. Two soil types are characteristic: Entisols (Torriorthent) covering the coastal beach sediments, and Aridisols along the cliff and adjacent hills. Vegetation consists not only of a very rich lichen cover, but also of endangered vascular species associations constituting a very fragile sub-tropical coastal desert community, such as Eulychnia, Cumulopuntia, Eriosyce cacti, and Lycium - Nolana- Ephedra communities. Fog oasis

  1. Metal and trace element sediment assessment from Guarapiranga reservoir, Alto Tiete Basin, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guimaraes, Guilherme Moura

    2011-01-01

    The Guarapiranga Reservoir, located in Sao Paulo metropolitan region, Brazil, is responsible for supplying about 20% of the entire population's water needs of this region or approximately 3.7 million people. However, this system has shown significant degradation in water quality, due to untreated domestic sewage and industrial effluents. In this study sediment samples were collected at five points along the reservoir and total concentration of some major (Fe, K and Na), trace (As, Ba, Br, Co, Cr, Cs, Hf, Hg, Rb, Sb, Sc, Ta, Tb, Th, U, V and Zn) and rare earth (Ce, Eu, La, Lu, Nd, Sm, Tb and Yb) elements were determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). By inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES) the concentrations of Al, Ba, Be, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Ti, V e Zn were determined after digestion procedure following US EPA 3051 methodology. The concentrations of metals Cd and Pb were determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS) and total Hg by cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry (CVAAS). Methodology validation according to precision and accuracy was performed by reference materials analyses for the three different analytical techniques used. Multielemental results obtained by INAA were compared to NASC (North American Shale Composite), Upper Continental Crust (UCC) and soil from Guarapiranga park values. The Enrichment Factor (EF) and Geo accumulation Index (Igeo) were also evaluated for these data. Metal concentration results by ICP OES and AAS in the samples were compared to the TEL and PEL oriented values established by the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment and also adopted by CETESB (Environmental Protection Agency of the Sao Paulo State). The results were also compared to regional reference values (VRR) of limnic sediments from the Alto Tiete Basin. From these data an assessment of metal and trace element accumulated in the sediments from the

  2. FORMAS DE LEITO E TRANSPORTE DE CARGA DE FUNDO DO ALTO RIO PARANÁ

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    Débora Pinto Martins

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho estima o transporte de carga de fundo no alto rio Paraná em Porto São José, PR (22º45’52”S e 53°10’34”W, num trecho de aproximadamente 2 km a jusante da Usina Hidrelétrica Engenheiro Sérgio Motta (Porto Primavera, onde o rio Paraná apresenta canal único com largura média de 1.200m e vazão média anual é de 8.912 m³/s. O cálculo da carga de fundo do canal foi baseado na determinação do tamanho das formas de leito e de sua velocidade de deslocamento linear, obtidos a partir de sucessivos levantamentos batimétricos. Foram realizadas três campanhas de levantamentos ecobatimétricos em diferentes momentos do ciclo hidrológico do rio, sendo cada campanha constituída por dois levantamentos separados em intervalos de 16 a 20 dias. O cálculo da carga de fundo baseou-se equação: Cf = (1-pH k Ud onde p é a porosidade (adimensional, H a altura média das formas de leito (m, k o coeficiente morfométrico das formas de leito (adimensional e Ud a velocidade de deslocamento das formas de leito (m/dia. As dunas são as formas de leito predominantes neste trecho do rio Paraná, com comprimento entre 50 e 100 m (média de 70,68 m e altura de 0,80 a 2,20 m (média de 1,30 m. A velocidade média de deslocamento linear das formas de fundo foi de 56,8 m/mês, para o período de maior vazão; e 45,0 m/mês para o período de menor vazão. O transporte médio de carga e fundo no rio Paraná foi estimado em 2.820,6 ton/dia, o que corresponde a 1.029.300 ton/ano. Comparando com dados anteriores, os autores sugerem que o transporte hidrossedimentar de fundo no trecho de canal estudado está sofrendo interferência da barragem de Porto Primavera.

  3. Guanaco traces and hunting strategies at Alto Patache North Chilean fog oasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larrain, H.; Cereceda, P.; Pérez, L.

    2010-07-01

    1. In foregoing Fog Conferences, some of us have made explicit the rich botanic and faunistic inventory to be found at this Chilean Fog site. This was specially apparent under strong ENSO conditions, as it happened in 1997/98 in the area. Among the mammal biggest species represented, the guanaco (Lama guanicoe Müller) merits special mention. Clear traces of their presence and eventual hunting and slaughtering by primitive populations have survived until present times. Among them, the myriads of guanaco trails still covering practically all the slopes along the foggy area, close to the sea, and their wollowing and defecating places are found. Also, although less studied, plant eating traces left behind by roaming camelids can be seen. 2. Guanaco hunting traces still visible at Alto Patache can be portrayed differently through : A) Analysis of lithic artifacts used as arms in hunting operations; B) Botanic response to animal attack; C) Examination of topographic traits used by primitive man in guanaco hunting strategies. A. Hundreds of lithic instruments made of stone, were abandoned by hunters in situ, some of them were intact, some fragmented, which would demonstrate a direct relationship with hunting and slaughtering, and also their elaboration in workshops at place. Lithic points, scrapers and knives were found at places specially apt for hunting or slaughtering activities. Total isolation of the mountain fog site previous to our arrival in 1996, favoured their conservation at place. B. Careful observation of some local plants showed clear traces of guanaco feeding habits. As a proof thereof, old cactus of the species Eulychnia iquiquensis show in their basal portions clear signals in the forms of scars, caused by the eating by guanacos. Guanaco faeces were found at the foot of Ephedra plants. Many dead Stipa ichu plants (Gramineae), in different areas of the oasis provide evidence of cutting close to their basis, caused by sharp guanaco tooth under severe food

  4. Arsenic in drinking water in the Los Altos de Jalisco region of Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurtado-Jiménez, Roberto; Gardea-Torresdey, Jorge L

    2006-10-01

    To establish the degree of contamination by arsenic in drinking water in the Los Altos de Jalisco (LAJ) region of west-central Mexico, and to estimate the levels of exposure that residents of the area face. Total arsenic concentration (the sum of all arsenic forms, organic and inorganic) was determined for 129 public water wells in 17 municipal capitals (cabeceras municipales) of the LAJ region, using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy. For most of the wells, water samples were taken in both November 2002 and October 2003. The levels of exposure to arsenic were estimated for babies (10 kg), children (20 kg), and adults (70 kg). Mean concentrations of arsenic higher than the Mexican national guideline value of 25 micro g/L were found in 44 (34%) of the 129 wells. The mean concentration of total arsenic for the 129 wells ranged from 14.7 micro g/L to 101.9 micro g/L. The highest concentrations were found in well water samples collected in the cities of Mexticacán (262.9 micro g/L), Teocaltiche (157.7 micro g/L), and San Juan de los Lagos (113.8 micro g/L). Considering the global mean concentration for all the wells in each of the 17 cities, the mean concentration of arsenic exceeded the Mexican guideline value in 7 of the cities. However, the global mean concentration in all 17 cities was higher than the World Health Organization guideline value of 10 micro g/L for arsenic. The range of the estimated exposure doses to arsenic in drinking water was 1.1-7.6 micro g/kg/d for babies, 0.7-5.1 micro g/kg/d for children, and 0.4-2.7 micro g/kg/d for adults. At the exposure doses estimated in the LAJ region, the potential health effects from chronic arsenic ingestion include skin diseases, gastrointestinal effects, neurological damage, cardiovascular problems, and hematological effects. While all the residents may not be affected, an important fraction of the total population of the LAJ region is under potential health risk due to the ingestion of high

  5. Fiscalidad tributaria y post-tributaria en el Alto Imperio Romano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Jordán Reyes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el tránsito de la República al Imperio, el sistema impositivo romano experimenta una profunda transformación. La fiscalidad cívica, regulada minuciosamente en el tributum, tiene su continuidad en las reformas fiscales emprendidas por Augusto, principalmente en el nuevo impuesto de sucesiones, la vicesima hereditatum y en la capitatio terrena. Se trata de un modelo tributario basado en la tradición republicana y con un fuerte sentido legal. A este modelo tributario se superpuso, como consecuencia de las necesidades de un Imperio en expansión, una fiscalidad ecléctica, con aportaciones de tributos de origen oriental, ajenas por completo al universo jurídico romano. Destinados en un principio a las provincias, fueron contaminando el sistema tributario romano en su conjunto. Estos tributos foráneos fueron a su vez contaminados por normas de Derecho romano, que les aportaron una naturaleza jurídica de la que solían carecer. En resumen, a lo largo del alto Imperio se va configurando un sistema tributario híbrido, complejo, de raíces romanas y orientales, con rasgos de fuerte juridicidad y al mismo tiempo con anomalías en su naturaleza jurídica y procedimental.The shift from the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire brought about a profound transformation of the Roman tax system. The tax reforms set forth by Augustus, most particularly, the new heritage tax, the vicesima hereditatum, and the capitatio terrena, did not mean a complete break from the civic fiscality which the tributum carefully regulated. Augustus’s system of taxation was based on the republican tradition and it had a strong sense of legality. Because of the needs of an expanding Empire, they added to this system of taxation an eclectic fiscality which included oriental taxes which had nothing to do with the Roman legal tradition. Originally designed for the provinces, these oriental taxes pervaded and corrupted the entire Roman system of taxation. In the same way, they

  6. Sustentabilidad: Liderar Organizaciones Migrantes en el Uruguay- Aspectos Asociados al Alto Desempeño Empresarial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto González

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Las empresas son organizaciones cuya actividad principal son los negocios y se suele confundir ambos aspectos: el negocio y la organi-zación. La experiencia muestra que las empresas que permaecen en el tiempo se caracterizan por gestionar y evolucionar la relación organización-negocio en principalmente tres modalidades: mejorando su modelo de negocio, integrando nuevos negocios y migrando a otros negocios. Es cada vez más necesario para la supervivencia de una organización, el fortalecer dicha competencia específica de “migrar”: capacidad de desvin-cularse de un (modelo de negocio y asumir otro (modelo de negocio. Esta realidad impacta diferente a cada stakeholder. Los propietarios pueden migrar con mayor facilidad si deciden retirar su capital, vender el negocio, etc. El costo para los trabajadores es superior, afecta su fuente de trabajo y las condiciones de vida familiar, hasta su inclusión o exclusión social. Para la comunidad, la caída o reconversión de una organización puede implicar un costo colectivo enorme. El pensamiento económico y administrativo ha tendido a focalizar el problema en la sustentabilidad del negocio, pero desde la mirada ética y pasando por la Doctrina Social de la Iglesia, la sustentabilidad de la organización resulta más importante que la sustentabilidad del negocio. Se entrevistaron 55 empresas uruguayas que han perdurado más de 30 años, soportando radicales cambios del entorno, manteniendo posiciones de primera línea en sus áreas de acción. Un análisis cuantitativo de sus respuestas ilustra los factores de alto desempeño de su gestión, y un análisis cuali-tativo identifica características asociadas a su sustentabilidad organizacional, las cuales se presentan mediante el concepto de organizaciones migrantes. Los resultados muestran que además de las competencias de gestión, importan los valores y las actitudes de la dirección, confirmando la relevancia que tiene para las escuelas de

  7. Differences in injury risk and characteristics between Dutch amateur and professional soccer players

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Anne-Marie van Beijsterveldt, A. M C; Stubbe, J. H.; Schmikli, S. L.; Van De Port, I. G L; Backx, F. J G

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To compare the incidence and characteristics of injuries between Dutch amateur and professional male soccer players during one entire competition season. Design A prospective two-cohort design. Methods During the 2009–2010 season, 456 Dutch male amateur soccer players and 217 professional

  8. Professional performance in school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubio, J. F.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Professional performance in education is now calling the attention of researcher due to its role in the professionalizing process intended to increase international education standards. In this article the term professional performance is examined from the two socio-historic traditional roles involved in training the individuals as a bio-psychic and social entity: teachers and executive. By means of scientific methods, the author gives the theoretical grounds connecting professional performance, learning and individual capacity of using them in solving problem at his labor position. The professional performance is regarded as a human value that stimulates the activity. By predicting educational alternatives, the paper portraits a model of professional performance in education, referring the necessary actions needed for achieving the goals of education. Searching and discussing such alternatives leads to reinterpret professional problems and to find out ways of improving educational standards.

  9. Causes of Male Infertility

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Research SART's FAQs about In Vitro Fertilization REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH TOPICS Topics Index NEWS AND PUBLICATIONS Publications Overview ... Insurance Laws Protect Your Fertility Campaign Find a Health Professional ABOUT ASRM Vision of ASRM ASRM's Mission ...

  10. Causes of Male Infertility

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Research SART's FAQs about In Vitro Fertilization REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH TOPICS Topics Index NEWS AND PUBLICATIONS Publications Overview ... Protect Your Fertility Campaign Choosing Wisely Find a Health Professional ABOUT ASRM Vision of ASRM ASRM's Mission ...

  11. Male Adolescent Contraceptive Utilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkel, Madelon Lubin; Finkel, David J.

    1978-01-01

    The contraceptive utilization of a sample of sexually active, urban, high school males (Black, Hispanic, and White) was examined by anonymous questionnaire. Contraceptive use was haphazard, but White males tended to be more effective contraceptors than the other two groups. Reasons for nonuse were also studied. (Author/SJL)

  12. Male mating biology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Howell, Paul I.; Knols, Bart G. J.

    2009-01-01

    Before sterile mass-reared mosquitoes are released in an attempt to control local populations, many facets of male mating biology need to be elucidated. Large knowledge gaps exist in how both sexes meet in space and time, the correlation of male size and mating success and in which arenas matings

  13. Male breast cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lautrup, Marianne D; Thorup, Signe S; Jensen, Vibeke

    2018-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Describe prognostic parameters of Danish male breast cancer patients (MBCP) diagnosed from 1980-2009. Determine all-cause mortality compared to the general male population and analyze survival/mortality compared with Danish female breast cancer patients (FBCP) in the same period...

  14. Recomendaciones para el apoyo psicológico a jóvenes deportistas en los centros de alto rendimiento. [Tips to the psychological support to young athletes in high performance centers].

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Rial

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto deportivo el alto rendimiento constituye uno de los tópicos que más interés ha suscitado en la literatura y que más demanda genera a nivel aplicado. A raíz de la evidencia disponible, las organizaciones deportivas e instituciones han definido estrategias de captación y formación de jóvenes deportistas, destinando recursos económicos, materiales y humanos con el objetivo de maximizar su potencial. Los Centros de Alto Rendimiento (CAR y los centros de Tecnificación Deportiva (CTD constituyen un buen ejemplo de ello. Hoy en día la mayoría de estos centros cuentan con equipos multidisciplinares donde conviven diferentes tipos de profesionales: desde preparadores físicos, médicos, nutricionistas, recuperadores, hasta psicólogos del deporte. Precisamente la supervisión de los aspectos psicológicos vinculados al alto rendimiento ha cobrado una mayor importancia en los últimos años. En el presente trabajo, la evaluación realizada a 57 jóvenes residentes en el Centro Galego de Tecnificación Deportiva de Pontevedra ha permitido identificar algunas claves para proporcionar un adecuado apoyo psicológico a los deportistas en formación. Más aún, la información obtenida se traduce en recomendaciones que facilitan el trabajo diario de los entrenadores y contribuye a una mayor optimización de los recursos invertidos.AbstractIn the context of sport, high performance became in one of the topics that has raised most interest in literature and has generated a great demand in applied level. Following the evidence, sports organizations and institutions have defined recruitment and training strategies for young athletes, allocating financial, human and material resources in order to maximize their potential. Today, much of these centers have multidisciplinary teams with different types of professionals: from trainers, doctors, nutritionists, retrievers, to sport psychologists. Indeed monitoring the psychological aspects

  15. The influence of method-related partner violence on covert pill use and pill discontinuation among women living in La Paz, El Alto and Santa Cruz, Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarraher, Donna R; Martin, Sandra L; Bailey, Patricia E

    2006-03-01

    Intimate partner violence is widespread worldwide. While assumed to impact women's ability to use contraceptive methods, few data are available to support this claim. In this study, eight focus group discussions were conducted to guide questionnaire development and to provide contextual information. Participants were women who were currently using the pill and women who had used the pill previously. In addition, 300 women were interviewed who initiated oral contraceptive pill use between December 1995 and April 1996. Participants were interviewed 3-6 months later to investigate the role intimate partner violence played in covert pill use and pill discontinuation. Special study procedures for asking women questions about violence were employed. Nineteen per cent of the women interviewed were using the pill covertly. The odds of covert pill use were four times higher in El Alto and La Paz than in Santa Cruz. Women who used the pill covertly were more likely to have experienced method-related partner violence (OR = 21.27) than women whose partners knew of their pill use. One-third of the women had discontinued pill use at the time of the interview. In the final multivariate analysis, having experienced side-effects (OR = 2.37) was a significant predictor of pill discontinuation and method-related partner violence was marginally predictive (OR = 1.91; 95% CI 1.0-3.66). While efforts are ongoing to incorporate men into family planning programmes, some male partners oppose, and in some situations violently oppose, contraceptive use. The needs of women with these types of partners must not be overlooked.

  16. Male depression in females?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Möller-Leimkühler, Anne Maria; Yücel, Mete

    2010-02-01

    Scientific evidence for a male-typed depression ("male depression") is still limited, but mainly supports this concept with respect to single externalizing symptoms or symptom clusters. In particular, studies on non-clinical populations including males and females are lacking. The present study aims at assessing general well-being, the risk and the symptoms of male depression dependent on biological sex and gender-role orientation on instrumental (masculine) and expressive (feminine) personality traits in an unselected community sample of males and females. Students (518 males, 500 females) of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Germany, were asked to participate in a "stress study" and complete the following self-report questionnaires: the WHO-5 Well-being Index [Bech, P., 1998. Quality of Life in the Psychiatric Patient. Mosby-Wolfe, London], the Gotland Scale for Male Depression [Walinder, J., Rutz, W., 2001. Male depression and suicide. International Clinical Psychopharmacology 16 (suppl 2), 21-24] and the German Extended Personal Attribute Questionnaire [Runge, T.E., Frey, D., Gollwitzer, P.M., et al., 1981. Masculine (instrumental) and feminine (expressive) traits. A comparison between students in the United States and West Germany. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 12, 142-162]. General well-being of the students was significantly lower compared to population norms. Contrary to expectations, female students had a greater risk of male depression than male students (28.9% vs. 22.4%; p<0.05). Overall, prototypic depressive symptoms as well as externalizing symptoms were more pronounced in females. In the subgroup of those at risk for male depression, biological sex and kind of symptoms were unrelated. Principal component analyses revealed a similar symptom structure for males and females. Low scores on masculinity/instrumentality significantly predicted higher risk of male depression, independent of biological sex. The study sample is not

  17. Demand for male contraception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorman, Emily; Bishai, David

    2012-10-01

    The biological basis for male contraception was established decades ago, but despite promising breakthroughs and the financial burden men increasingly bear due to better enforcement of child support policies, no viable alternative to the condom has been brought to market. Men who wish to control their fertility must rely on female compliance with contraceptives, barrier methods, vasectomy or abstinence. Over the last 10 years, the pharmaceutical industry has abandoned most of its investment in the field, leaving only nonprofit organisations and public entities pursuing male contraception. Leading explanations are uncertain forecasts of market demand pitted against the need for critical investments to demonstrate the safety of existing candidate products. This paper explores the developments and challenges in male contraception research. We produce preliminary estimates of potential market size for a safe and effective male contraceptive based on available data to estimate the potential market for a novel male method.

  18. Male depression and suicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wålinder, J; Rutzt, W

    2001-03-01

    Based on the experiences of the Gotland Study that education of general practitioners about depressive illness resulted in a statistically significant reduction in the number of female suicides, leaving the rate of male suicides almost unaffected, we propose the concept of a male depressive syndrome. This syndrome comprises a low stress tolerance, an acting-out behavior, a low impulse control, substance abuse and a hereditary loading of depressive illness, alcoholism and suicide. This notion is supported by data from The Amish study as well as the concept of van Praag of a stress-precipitated, cortisol-induced, serotonin-related and anxiety-driven depressive illness most often seen in males. In order to identify depressed males, the Gotland Male Depression Scale has been developed. Some preliminary data using the scale in a group of alcohol-dependant patients are presented.

  19. Continuando a jornada: explorando a recolocação profissional de ex-atletas de alto rendimento [doi: 10.21529/RECADM.2015008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Henrique Rezende Maciel

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi compreender a transição de carreira de atletas, considerando-se a finalização de sua atuação como atleta profissional de alto rendimento. Foi selecionado um grupo composto por seis ex-atletas de modalidades individuais, que durante a sua carreira esportiva foram membros das seleções nacionais das suas modalidades, conquistando títulos Mundiais, Sul-Americanos, Pan-Americanos e/ou Olímpicos. A pesquisa consistiu na condução de entrevistas semiestruturadas, a partir das quais se buscou apreender aspectos relacionados a construção da carreira esportiva, desde o primeiro contato com o esporte, bem como da existência de uma carreira após a atuação enquanto atletas profissionais de alto-rendimento e a sua consequente construção, considerando-se as transições vividas ao longo de todo o processo.  A pesquisa foi de natureza qualitativa, tratando-se de uma abordagem interpretativa, optando-se assim, pelo paradigma interpretativo. Para a análise dos dados procedeu-se a análise de conteúdo, a partir da proposição de um quadro de análise composto por elementos relacionados aos conceitos de carreira e de carreira esportiva. As narrativas foram analisadas a partir de três categorias fixas: A Carreira Esportiva, As Transições na Carreira e A Construção de uma “Nova” Carreira. Observou-se que a carreira esportiva teve início e fim precoces no que se refere a idade. Atribuiu-se grande importância aos técnicos no que diz respeito a orientação e ao planejamento da carreira esportiva e após o esporte. Destaca-se também a influência dos familiares, mesmo que nem sempre tenha sido positiva. Conclui-se que a escolha pela nova carreira, na maioria dos casos, foi influenciada pela prática esportiva, sendo esta considerada responsável pelo desenvolvimento de capacidades físicas, cognitivas e principalmente emocionais, para o efetivo enfrentamento e desenvolvimento da carreira após a de atleta

  20. Variación antropométrica y nutricional en Susques y Alto Comedero entre 2002-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bejarano, Ignacio

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Las poblaciones humanas experimentan variaciones de los parámetros antropométricos como expresión de los cambios socioambientales. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar la variación temporal de talla, peso y estado nutricional en dos poblaciones jujeñas situadas a distintos niveles altitudinales. Los datos procedieron de mediciones realizadas en 2002 y 2007 en poblaciones de 6 a 17 años de Susques (3500 m y Alto Comedero (1200 m. Se calcularon las categorías nutricionales de Waterlow y las diferencias entre talla y peso y categorías nutricionales se establecieron con ANOVA y prueba de comparación de proporciones (χ2 respectivamente. Para ambas poblaciones se observaron diferencias interanuales estadísticamente significativas de los promedios de talla y peso, siendo menores en Susques en el 2007, lo contrario sucede en Alto Comedero. Las diferencias interanuales de la categorías nutricionales no fueron estadísticamente significativas en Alto Comedero, pero si en Susques para normonutridos y obesos que disminuyeron y aumentaron respectivamente entre 2002 y 2007. En el contexto de las modificaciones socioeconómicas experimentadas por la población susqueña en los últimos años, debido a su mayor conexión e integración con poblaciones vecinas por la apertura del Paso de Jama, los resultados indicarían un empeoramiento de las condiciones nutricionales de su población infanto juvenil.

  1. Estructura temporal, interacción táctica y eficacia en asaltos de esgrima de alto nivel

    OpenAIRE

    Tarragó Garcia, Rafael

    2017-01-01

    [spa] El objetivo general de esta tesis doctoral fue caracterizar las acciones técnico-tácticas en los asaltos de esgrima de competición de alto nivel en sus seis modalidades. Para ello se determinó la estructura temporal de los asaltos, analizando la eficacia de las acciones y la efectividad bilateral de las frases de armas en función del periodo del asalto, de la zona de la pista en que se realizaron y del tiempo que restaba de asalto, y efectuando un análisis del diálogo táctico. Se estru...

  2. HTLV-I en población de alto riesgo sexual de Pisco, Ica, Perú.

    OpenAIRE

    GARRIDO, Patricia; ANICAMA, Rolando; GOTUZZO, Eduardo; CHAUCA, Gloria; WATTS, Douglas

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo: Se estudiaron 141 personas con alto riesgo sexual en la ciudad de Pisco para detectar infección por HTLV-I. Material y Métodos: Se encuestaron y se tomaron muestras de sangre a 141 personas que involucró a trabajadoras sexuales (32), varones homosexuales (54), y varones bisexuales(55). Resultados: Tres de treintidós (10.4%) trabajadoras sexuales fueron positivas; uno de cincuenticuatro (1.9%) de varones homosexuales y ninguno de 55 bisexuales. Hubo una elevada frecuencia de parejas,...

  3. Operações motivadoras condicionadas transitivas em atletas de alto rendimento : da replicação ao conceito

    OpenAIRE

    Figueiredo, Luiz Eduardo de

    2013-01-01

    O presente estudo investigou o efeito das operações motivadoras condicionadas transitivas sobre a primeira resposta de uma cadeia comportamental de dois elos em uma tarefa de computador com participantes atletas de alto rendimento. Na cadeia comportamental, o comportamento de pressionar a tecla vermelha sob um esquema de razão variável 14, produzia a apresentação de 5 segundos do reforçador condicionado maçã, na presença do qual, pressionar a tecla azul resultava em 1 ponto verde trocável pel...

  4. Agroindustria y extractivismo en el Alto Cauca. Impactos sobre los sistemas de subsistencia Afrocampesinos y resistencias (1950-2011)

    OpenAIRE

    Irene Vélez Torres; Daniel Varela; Sandra Rátiva; Andrés Salcedo

    2013-01-01

    La agroindustria y el extractivismo han generado un profundo cambio en las prácticaseconómicas tradicionales del Alto Cauca en Colombia en detrimento de los sistemas socio-económicos de subsistencia de la población local Afro-campesina. El intenso conflictoarmado y la migración forzada han acompañado la instauración de estos modelos de acumulaciónpor despojo. Utilizando una metodología de investigación participativa, este artículoanaliza críticamente la disputa por el acceso y la propiedad so...

  5. Carga viral de seis tipos de Virus del Papiloma Humano de alto riesgo y su asociacion con lesiones cervicales

    OpenAIRE

    Del Río Ospina, Luisa Fernanda

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: La infección por un tipo de Virus del Papiloma Humano de alto riesgo (VPH-AR), es el factor principal en el desarrollo de Cáncer de Cérvix (CC). La carga viral puede modular esta asociación, por lo que resulta importante su cuantificación y el establecimiento de su relación con lesiones precursoras de CC. Metodología: 60 mujeres con lesiones escamosas intraepiteliales (LEI) y 120 mujeres sin LEI, confirmadas por colposcopia, fueron incluidas en el estudio. Se determinó la car...

  6. Análisis económico y ambiental de la agricultura alternativa. Caso: Alto Ricaurte - Boyacá

    OpenAIRE

    González A., Carolina; Gutiérrez B., Patricia

    1992-01-01

    El trabajo: Análisis económico y ambiental de la agricultura alternativa, caso: Alto Ricaurte Boyacá, aborda un tema de trascendencia como es la propuesta de un modelo de agricultura alternativa como base para un desarrollo sustentable, lo cual es, precisamente una de las principales preocupaciones de la comunidad internacional que motivó la convocatoria de la llamada Cumbre de la tierra que por estos días se reúne en Río de Janeiro.

  7. Inteligencia fluida y cristalizada en el autismo de alto funcionamiento y el síndrome de Asperger

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez, P.F.

    2016-01-01

    La inteligencia en los trastornos del espectro autista, especialmente en el autismo de alto funcionamiento y el síndrome de Asperger, ha sido tema de numerosas investigaciones que pretenden establecer la capacidad intelectual que se observa en estos sujetos. Algunos de los resultados más sobresalientes señalan que la inteligencia fluida es uno de los aspectos de desempeño superior en esta población, en comparación con el desempeño en las pruebas que miden inteligencia cristalizada como la esc...

  8. Prescrição de terapias baseadas em evidências para pacientes de alto risco cardiovascular: estudo REACT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otávio Berwanger

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Dados de atendimento ambulatorial ao paciente de alto risco cardiovascular no Brasil são insuficientes. OBJETIVO: Descrever o perfil e documentar a prática clínica do atendimento ambulatorial de pacientes de alto risco cardiovascular no Brasil, no que diz respeito à prescrição de terapias baseadas em evidências. MÉTODOS: Registro prospectivo que documentou a prática clínica ambulatorial de indivíduos de alto risco cardiovascular, que foi definido como a presença de um dos seguintes fatores: doença arterial coronariana, cerebrovascular e vascular periférica; diabetes; ou aqueles com pelo menos três dos seguintes fatores: hipertensão arterial, tabagismo, dislipidemia, maiores 70 anos, histórico familiar de doença arterial coronariana, nefropatia crônica ou doença carotídea assintomática. Foram avaliadas características basais e a taxa de prescrição das intervenções medicamentosas e não medicamentosas. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 2.364 pacientes consecutivos, sendo 52,2% do gênero masculino, idade média de 66,0 anos (± 10,1. Dentre os pacientes incluídos, 78,3% utilizavam antiplaquetários, 77,0% estatinas e, dos pacientes com história de infarto do miocárdio, 58,0% receberam betabloqueadores. O uso concomitante destas três classes foi de 34%. Não atingiram as metas preconizadas pelas diretrizes 50,9% dos hipertensos, 67% dos diabéticos e 25,7% dos dislipidêmicos. Os principais preditores de prescrição de terapias com benefício comprovado foram centro com cardiologista e histórico de doença arterial coronariana. CONCLUSÃO: Este registro nacional e representativo identificou hiatos importantes na incorporação de terapias com benefício comprovado, oferecendo um panorama real dos pacientes de alto risco cardiovascular.

  9. Male Body Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lefkowich, Maya; Oliffe, John L; Hurd Clarke, Laura; Hannan-Leith, Madeline

    2017-03-01

    The pressure on boys and men to engage in extensive body practices (e.g., closely monitored eating and exercise habits) and achieve ideal male bodies has grown significantly over the past 20 years. Central to the depiction of ideal male bodies and body practices are both the pursuit and achievement of lean and well-defined muscles. The labels "pitches," "purchases," and "performativities" were inductively derived from the literature, and used to describe the multifaceted connections between masculinities, muscularity, and idealized male body practices. "Pitches" distil how popular culture posture norms of masculinity, and manly bodies and behaviors attainable and necessary. "Purchases" refer to men's diverse buy-in to dominant discourses about acceptable male bodies and practices. "Performativities" chronicle how men embody and navigate gender norms as they evaluate their own bodies, behaviors, and eating habits and those of their peers. Based on findings from the current scoping review, future research could benefit from fully linking masculinities with the drive for muscularity to address health and social risks associated with the pursuit of the idealized male body. In highlighting the plurality of masculinities and the complexity of men's diverse identities, health care providers can better reach and support men. Focusing on, and celebrating, a wider range of male bodies could help recenter dominant discourses about how and whose bodies and experiences are idealized. The current scoping review article offers an overview of how masculinities and muscularity have been linked to male body practices, and recommendations to advance this emergent field.

  10. Professionalism in nuclear training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bruno, R.

    1983-01-01

    The approach of an individual in the nuclear training environment to his colleagues, trainees, and his own personal growth should be determined by his desire to be a professional. This paper discusses professionalism as an on-going process. That is, professionalism is not an entity that a person can acquire; rather it is a complicated superposition of many facets of an individual's attempt to work for solutions to problems, not problems with solutions

  11. Otium, materialidade e paisagem nas villae do Alto Alentejo português em época romana = Otium, Materiality and Landscape in the Roman Villae of Alto Alentejo (Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Carneiro

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A arquitectura das villae foi cuidadosamente pensada para permitir o máximo desfrute de uma vivência de gosto urbano e cosmopolita. A atenção dada à inserção da construção na paisagem, as soluções para harmonizar o espaço exterior criando atmosferas favoráveis, a contemplação para o exterior e a criação de espaços e ambientes construídos que permitissem potenciar o otium e o convivium são discutidos neste trabalho, com exemplos de sítios no Alto Alentejo.Roman villae were carefully designed to fulfil the urban and cosmopolitan way of living. Considering some archaeological sites in Alto Alentejo (Portugal, one intends to discuss the adjustment of the built structure to the landscape, the creation of chosen atmospheres by modelling the outer space, the countryside contemplation and the creation of spaces and indoor environments that would promote otium and convivium.

  12. Liquefaction Hazard Maps for Three Earthquake Scenarios for the Communities of San Jose, Campbell, Cupertino, Los Altos, Los Gatos, Milpitas, Mountain View, Palo Alto, Santa Clara, Saratoga, and Sunnyvale, Northern Santa Clara County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holzer, Thomas L.; Noce, Thomas E.; Bennett, Michael J.

    2008-01-01

    Maps showing the probability of surface manifestations of liquefaction in the northern Santa Clara Valley were prepared with liquefaction probability curves. The area includes the communities of San Jose, Campbell, Cupertino, Los Altos, Los Gatos Milpitas, Mountain View, Palo Alto, Santa Clara, Saratoga, and Sunnyvale. The probability curves were based on complementary cumulative frequency distributions of the liquefaction potential index (LPI) for surficial geologic units in the study area. LPI values were computed with extensive cone penetration test soundings. Maps were developed for three earthquake scenarios, an M7.8 on the San Andreas Fault comparable to the 1906 event, an M6.7 on the Hayward Fault comparable to the 1868 event, and an M6.9 on the Calaveras Fault. Ground motions were estimated with the Boore and Atkinson (2008) attenuation relation. Liquefaction is predicted for all three events in young Holocene levee deposits along the major creeks. Liquefaction probabilities are highest for the M7.8 earthquake, ranging from 0.33 to 0.37 if a 1.5-m deep water table is assumed, and 0.10 to 0.14 if a 5-m deep water table is assumed. Liquefaction probabilities of the other surficial geologic units are less than 0.05. Probabilities for the scenario earthquakes are generally consistent with observations during historical earthquakes.

  13. Empresas electrónicas de alto potencial de crecimiento: Posicionamiento financiero ante retos de futuro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuria Arimany-Serrat

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: La investigación posiciona les empresas electrónicas españolas a nivel financiero en el período 2011-2013 en el marco del espacio europeo; ya que el futuro mundo empresarial pasa por el progreso tecnológico y el impacto de las empresas electrónicas es decisivo y por tanto conocer su posición a nivel español y su situación económica financiera en los últimos años nos ayuda a delimitar como podrán afrontar los retos de futuro. Diseño/metodología/enfoque: Los datos que hemos utilizado para esta investigación, recogen los datos económicos financieros de una muestra de empresas electrónicas españolas consideradas de alto crecimiento ya que tienen un crecimiento del ROA mínimo del 3% y un crecimiento de los ingresos de explotación en el período analizado mínimo del 6%. Sobre estas compañías se lleva a cabo un análisis económico financiero y un estudio estadístico descriptivo con modelos de regresión para determinar resultados y conclusiones al respecto. Resultados: El estudio nos permite determinar la salud económica financiera de las empresas electrónicas que concentran un 97% de las ventas en España y determina variables financieras, de género y de innovación que inciden en los resultados de este sector empresarial, para determinar su sintonía en perspectiva europea. Limitaciones: Sería conveniente ampliar la muestra a otras empresas tecnológicas, a parte de la electrónicas, y ampliar el período temporal utilizado hasta el ejercicio 2014, aunque los datos no están disponibles en la base de datos SABI utilizada. Implicaciones prácticas: El trabajo permite valorar la proyección a nivel económico financiero de las empresas electrónicas en estos últimos años en España en relación con la situación europea, para poder valorar si podrán afrontar los retos de futuro inminentes. Implicaciones sociales: Los resultados permiten valorar los cambios a nivel económico financiero de estas empresas para

  14. Estudio geoeléctrico en el valle alto del Rio Patía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez Cerón Rosalbina

    1995-10-01

    Full Text Available

    The resistivity survey carried out at the upper valley of the Patía River, provided good information to define the sedimentary sequence of the area. A general sequence from top to base is described as follows: recent deposits with resistivity values between 20 and 400 Ohrn-m, fine to medium grain, sandstones with resistivity values between 20 and 70 Ohrn-m, fine grain sandstones and silstones with resistivity values between 8 and 20 Ohrn-rn, and clayli basement, with resistivity less than 20 Ohm-m. There are two kinds of aquifers; free, related to sands and gravels from alluvial fans and terraces (resistivity values between 70 and 400 Ohrn-m and thickness between 25 and 75, semi-confined related to tertiary sandstones (resistivities values between 20 and 30 Ohm-m, thickness between 35 and 150 m. The water quality of the upper aquifers is good enough with small amounts of salt content. Saline water is found at the lower aquifer.

    The resistivity method was useful to locate geological discontinuities; some of them found with surface expression associated with lineaments and faults. Some of these geological features have been mapped in previous geological works on the area. In general the interpretation based on the resistivity results shows a block tectonics environment affecting cretaceous and tertiary rocks and probably the quaternary deposit.

    La prospección eléctrica en el valle alto del Rio Patía, permitió definir una secuencia típica constituida de techo a base por

  15. AORN sales professional course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moss, R; Thompson, J

    1996-04-01

    The sales professional course "Introduction to the Operating Room" offered by the AORN Center for Nursing Practice, Health Policy, and Research is an introductory program in OR etiquette. Its purpose is to provide sales professionals a working knowledge of OR protocol for them to function appropriately in OR settings. Sales professionals who have completed this course establish mutually beneficial perioperative partnerships with OR personnel. Sales professionals' effectiveness is strengthened as a result of their newly acquired knowledge of OR protocol, and patient safety is protected. An AORN Certificate of Recognition is awarded on completion of the course.

  16. Professionalism: rise and fall.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, M S

    1979-01-01

    Historically, the early professionalization movements in medicine and the law appear as organizational projects which aspire to monopolize income and opportunities in markets of services or labor and to monopolize status and work privileges in occupational hierarchies. Their central task is to standardize training and link it to actual or potential markets of labor or services, a linkage that is structurally effected in the modern university. The second wave of professionalization has different protagonists than the older "market professions": placed in a different structural situation, the bureaucratic professions transform the model of profession (which they adopt as a strategy of collective ascension) into an ideology. The import of the ideology of professionalism is examined in relation to two issues: the relationships between professional occupations and bureaucratic organizations; and the position of professional occupations within the larger structure of inequality. Analysis of the first point requires consideration of the distinctions between professional occupations in the public and private sectors, the use of professional knowledge and the image of profession in bureaucratic organizations, and the specific characteristics of professions that produce their own knowledge. In the discussion of the second point, professional occupations and their ideology are examined in relation to other occupations and to the possibilities of political awareness generated by uncertain professional statuses.

  17. Cytogenetic of Male Infertility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lutfiye Ozpak

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Infertility by definition, is not to get pregnant within one year of regular sexual relationship without protection, affects 15-20% of reproductive age couples. Approximately 30% of infertility cases are male originated. Male infertility is caused by endocrine-related genetic defects affecting urogenital system function. These defects adversely affect subsequent spermatogenesis, sexual function, fertility, early embryonic stage of sexual maturation. Autosomal and gonosomal, numerical and structural chromosome abnormalities and related syndromes rank at the top causes of male infertility. Similar chromosome abnormalities are detected in male infertility and as the rate of these abnormalities increase, it was found to reduce sperm count especially in azospermic and oligozoospermic men. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2011; 20(4.000: 230-245

  18. Males and Eating Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Males and Eating Disorders Past Issues / Spring 2008 Table of Contents For ... this page please turn Javascript on. Photo: PhotoDisc Eating disorders primarily affect girls and women, but boys and ...

  19. Male hypogonadism (Part 1)

    OpenAIRE

    Ye.V. Luchytskyy; V.Yе. Luchytskyy; M.D. Tronko

    2017-01-01

    The first part of the review presents the current data on the prevalence of male hypogonadism, methods of diagnosing different forms of hypogonadism, describes the clinical manifestations of the most common forms of this disease.

  20. Male hypogonadism (Part 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye.V. Luchytskyy

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The first part of the review presents the current data on the prevalence of male hypogonadism, methods of diagnosing different forms of hypogonadism, describes the clinical manifestations of the most common forms of this disease.

  1. Morfometria de raias continentais (Chondrichthyes, Potamotrygonidae do alto rio Paraná, Brasil = Morphometry of upper Paraná river freshwater stingrays (Chondrichthyes, Potamotrygonidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Guilherme Cândido da Silva

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Potamotrygonidae constitui o único grupo recente de Chondrichthyes cujo habitat está restrito, exclusivamente, a águas continentais. Na planície de inundação do Alto rio Paraná, espécies desta família estabeleceram-se após o fechamento das comportas da usina hidrelétrica de Itaipu, a jusante. O objetivo deste trabalho foi, utilizando medidas corporais, identificar diferenças morfométricas entre indivíduos de Potamotrygon cf. motoro (Natterer in Müller & Henle, 1841 e Potamotrygon falkneri Castex & Maciel, 1963 capturadosnesta região, bem como estimar o tamanho com que machos destas espécies atingem a maturidade gonadal. Machos de P. falkneri e P. cf. motoro das populações avaliadas atingem a maturidade gonadal com largura do disco variando em torno de 26 cm e 23 cm, respectivamente. Na comparação das espécies, P. cf. motoro apresentou maior distânciaproporcional entre as narinas e maior comprimento proporcional da cauda e dos espiráculos. Identificou-se dimorfismo sexual secundário para P. falkneri, consistindo da presença de fileiras laterais de espinhos na cauda das fêmeas. Estudos futuros de morfologiafuncional e ecomorfologia poderão esclarecer o significado das diferenças morfométricas para o modo de vida destas espécies.Potamotrygonidae is the only extant chondrichthyan group restricted exclusively to freshwater. This family invaded the UpperParaná river system after the closing of Itaipu Dam. This study aimed to identify morphometric differences between Potamotrygon cf. motoro (Natterer in Müller & Henle, 1841 and Potamotrygon falkneri Castex & Maciel, 1963 sampled in that area, and estimate male size at gonadal maturation. P. falkneri and P. cf. motoro males reach gonadal maturation at 26 cm and 23 cm disc width, respectively. Comparing both species, P. cf. motoro presented larger tail, spiracles and distance between nostrils. Lateral small stings on tails ofP. falkneri females were observed as secondary

  2. Male breast lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Matushita, J.P.K.; Andrade, L.G. de; Carregal, E.; Marimatsu, R.I.; Matushita, J.S.

    1989-01-01

    Roentgenographic examination of the male breast is an important aspect of the continued, intensive investigation of the radiologic morphology of the normal and diseased breast conducted in 17 cases examined at the Instituto Nacional do Cancer - RJ. It is purpose of this report to present the Roentgen appearance of various lesions of the male breast as they have been found in our practice and also to stress some of the difficulties in the differential diagnosis of these lesions. (author) [pt

  3. Thyroid and male reproduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anand Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Male reproduction is governed by the classical hypothalamo-hypophyseal testicular axis: Hypothalamic gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH, pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH and the gonadal steroid, principally, testosterone. Thyroid hormones have been shown to exert a modulatory influence on this axis and consequently the sexual and spermatogenic function of man. This review will examine the modulatory influence of thyroid hormones on male reproduction.

  4. Avances en la regulación y control del estado térmico del horno alto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babich, A.

    1997-04-01

    Full Text Available An automated system of direction (SAD for the control of the thermal state of the hearth of the blast furnace is used, taking into account the interrelation existing between the pig iron temperature and its silicon content. By the magnitude of the thermal exergy of the process, which determines the heat work capacity the variations in the heating of the hearth can be valued and carried out the necessary control and regulation actions, such as the variations in the pulverized coal injection and in the sinter/coke relation in the melting bed of the blast furnace.

    Se utiliza un sistema automatizado de dirección (SAD para el control del estado térmico del crisol del horno alto, teniendo en cuenta la relación que existe entre la temperatura del arrabio y su contenido de silicio. Por la magnitud de la exergía térmica del proceso, que determina la capacidad de trabajo del calor, se pueden valorar las variaciones de calentamiento del crisol y realizar las acciones necesarias de control y regulación, como son las variaciones en la inyección de carbón pulverizado y en la relación sinterizado/coque en el lecho de fusión del horno alto.

  5. Análisis de la matutinidad-vespertinidad en jóvenes atletas de alto rendimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejo Sebastián García-Naveira Vaamonde

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar la relación entre la matutinidad-vespertinidad, la edad, el sexo, la ansiedad rasgo y la modalidad deportiva en depor- tistas adolescentes. La muestra estaba formada por 102 jóvenes atletas españoles de alto rendimiento (54 mujeres y 48 hombres con una edad entre los 14 y 17 años. Se midió la matutinidad-vespertinidad mediante la Escala Compuesta de Matutinidad-Vespertinidad (CS y la ansiedad rasgo mediante el Inventario de Ansie- dad Estado-Rasgo (STAI. Los resultados indican que no existe relación entre el cronotipo, la edad, el sexo y la ansiedad de los deportistas, mientras que estos son más matutinos que la población general de adolescentes y los velocistas/vallistas son más vespertinos que el resto de modalidades. Se concluye que la práctica deportiva de alto rendimiento puede que sea un Zeitzbergs ex- terno que modifica aspectos psicológicos, fisiológicos y bioquímicos de los jóvenes.

  6. Estudio farmacoepidemiológico de uso de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos en pacientes de alto riesgo cardiovascular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Enrique Machado-Alba

    Full Text Available Con el objetivo de determinar la frecuencia de uso prolongado de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES en pacientes colombianos de alto riesgo cardiovascular (ARC se desarrolló un estudio retrospectivo en el cual se identificaron pacientes de ARC que usaron AINES por más de cinco meses continuos entre enero de 2011 y marzo de 2013. Se identificó a los pacientes que recibían crónicamente nitratos, digitálicos, y clopidogrel y ácido acetil salicílico (ASA, quienes fueron identificados como de ARC. Se realizó un análisis de frecuencias de uso según la comedicación recibida. Se encontró uso concomitante de AINES en el 0,35% de los consumidores de nitratos (tiempo promedio: 9,5 ± 4,4 meses, en el 0,36% de los consumidores de clopidogrel y ASA (tiempo promedio: 9,3 ± 3,4 meses, y en el 0,4% de los consumidores de digitálicos (10,2 ± 4,6 meses. Se concluye que existe una baja proporción de uso de AINES de manera crónica en pacientes de alto riesgo cardiovascular.

  7. Caracterización de carbones para la inyección por toberas en el horno alto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babich, A.

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available The efficiency of blast furnace operation with pulverized coal injection (PCI by tuyeres is determined by the composition and properties of the used coals and by the quality of the ferrous burden and coke. A study in thermobalance of coals to be injected by tuyeres is carried out, and the softening and melting temperatures of coals ash are determined. The coal performance and its influence in the blast furnace operation is estimated.

    La eficacia de la operación del horno alto con inyección de carbón pulverizado (ICP por toberas, está determinada por la composición y propiedades de los carbones utilizados y por la calidad de la carga férrea y del coque. Se realiza el estudio en termobalanza de carbones destinados a la inyección por toberas y se determinan las temperaturas de reblandecimiento y fusión de la ceniza de estos carbones. Se estima el comportamiento de los carbones y su influencia en la operación del horno alto.

  8. Floristic Diversity of Two Zones of Humid Tropical Forest at Alto Baudó, Chocó, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Javier Mosquera Ramos

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Between June and August of 2005 the floristic composition ≥1 cm of DAP was determined in an area of ? 0.2 ha of humid tropical forest at the localities of Pie de >Pató (05º 30' 56" N and 76º 58' 26" W and Nauca (5º 41' 6" N and 77º 00' 36" W, Alto Baudó, Chocó Colombia . En each locality an area of 0.1 ha was sampled which was divided into smaller areas of 2 x 50 cm each. A total of 1618 inidivduals were recorded represented by 257 species, 156 genres and 56 botanical families from which 842 individuals, 161 species, 108 genres and 46 families where found at Pie de Pató, and 776 individuals, 161 species, 98 genres and 45 families at Nauca. At Pie de Pató the families best represented in terms of genres were Rubiaceae (12 genres and 27 species, Arecaceae (eight genres and eight species and Bombacaceae (seven genres and ten species. At Nauca they were Rubiaceae (eleven genres and 25 species, Moraceae (eight genera and 13 species and Arecaceae (eigth genres and eight species. The richness index was of 23,75 and 24,05 for Pie de Pató and Nauca respectively. Diversity change was stimated as 4,43 for both localities. These results indicate high diversity of these forests at Alto Baudó.

  9. Sílica gel obtida de escória de alto forno: Marabá, Pará

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Rebelo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumoSílica gel com propriedades similares à sílica comercial foi obtida a partir de escória de alto forno (EAF, utilizando digestão com ácido clorídrico. A EAF-sílica obtida foi caracterizada por diferentes técnicas, mostrando-se amorfa, com pureza 99,7% e área específica 282 m2/g. Apresentou caráter hidrofílico alto (12,27%, com água de constituição de ~ 6,18%, o que foi confirmado pela perda de massa durante a análise termogravimétrica. As partículas de EAF-sílica apresentaram tamanhos micrométricos (< 1 µm em forma de agregados, distribuição granulométrica unimodal e D50 7,0 µm.

  10. O suicídio Tikúna no Alto Solimões: uma expressão de conflitos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina M. de Carvalho Erthal

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é buscar um entendimento a respeito da ocorrência de suicídios entre os índios Tikúna do Alto Solimões (Amazonas, um objeto de difícil aproximação e que aponta para a necessidade de abordagem interdisciplinar. A etnografia realizada preocupou-se em captar a vinculação entre os eventos de suicídio da última década com a exacerbação dos confrontos entre diferentes grupos faccionais que atualizam, em outro contexto histórico, os mecanismos de resolução de conflitos próprios das antigas malocas. Na base desses confrontos está o abandono a que tal população tem sido submetida pelos órgãos responsáveis pela definição e implementação das políticas públicas para as populações indígenas, com especial destaque para a falência do modelo de assistência proposto para a área do Alto Solimões.

  11. Tax Professional Internships and Subsequent Professional Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, Philip H.; Blackwood, B. J.; Landy, Sharon D.

    2010-01-01

    How do internships influence the socialization and performance of accounting students employed in the tax department of a CPA firm? Previous research on accounting internships primarily focuses on auditing personnel. There is evidence in the literature that indicates audit and tax professionals have different work cultures. This paper examines the…

  12. Angioplastia del tronco de la arteria coronaria izquierda no protegido en pacientes con alto riesgo quirúrgico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Mauro

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available IntroducciónEl tratamiento de elección de la enfermedad del tronco de la coronaria izquierda (TCI es la cirugía de revascularización miocárdica (CRM. Un número creciente de pacientes presenta comorbilidades y/o inestabilidad clínica que condicionan un alto riesgo quirúrgico.ObjetivosEvaluar los resultados de la angioplastia (ATC del TCI no protegido en pacientes con alto riesgo para CRM (EUROSCORE = 6.Material y métodosDe 59 pacientes con ATC de TCI no protegido se excluyeron 8 con infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM en shock cardiogénico y 12 sin características de alto riesgo; de los restantes pacientes de alto riesgo fueron objeto de este estudio los 32 tratados con stents convencionales.Se comparó la mortalidad hospitalaria predicha por EUROSCORE logístico con la observada, así como la incidencia de complicaciones mayores y su evolución alejada.ResultadosLa mediana de edad fue de 76,5 años, el 41% tenía 80 años o más, el 22% eran mujeres, el 28% diabéticos, el 56% tenía disfunción ventricular moderada a grave, el 31% insuficiencia renal crónica, el 50% vasculopatía periférica, el 53% angina refractaria, el 22% IAM reciente, el 28% procedimientos de emergencia y la mediana de EUROSCORE fue de 10,5 puntos.El 41% de los pacientes presentaban compromiso del TCI distal. El éxito angiográfico fue del 94%. Se utilizaron inhibidores IIb/IIIa en el 47%, cutting balloon en el 28%, Rotablator® en el 3% y balón de contrapulsación en el 31%. En todos se implantó un stent y en el 50% se trataron otras obstrucciones.La mortalidad hospitalaria fue del 3,1% (intervalo de confianza del 95% 0,2%-14,5%, p = 0,003, en tanto que la predicha era del 23,8%. Ningún paciente presentó déficit neurológico, IAM transmural ni requirió diálisis. Un paciente debió ser sometido a CRM electiva por fracaso del procedimiento.La mediana de seguimiento fue de 15,5 meses, período en el que se registraron 6 muertes (2 cardiovasculares y 4

  13. Promoting teachers' professional development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Runhaar, Pietsje Roelofje

    2008-01-01

    Because teacher quality has a great influence on pupil attainment, teachers’ professional development receives a lot of attention in educational policy. This dissertation contains five studies on how teachers’ professional development, in terms of learning at the workplace, can be explained and

  14. Professional Learning from within

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korthagen, Fred A. J.

    2009-01-01

    In this commentary on the paper by the Bank Street Reading and Literacy Alumnae Group, Korthagen states that, while it provides an excellent example of how fruitful professional development can be when it is grounded in the needs and strengths of the people involved; regretfully, many traditional approaches to professional development are based on…

  15. Whistleblowing & Professional Responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Professional Engineer, 1979

    1979-01-01

    Discussed are the moral dilemmas encountered daily by professionals and how the teaching of ethics may help resolve the conflicts individuals face with respect to whistleblowing. Included are consideration of responsibilities, role of ethics codes, and courses on professional ethics. (CS)

  16. Certifying Enrollment Management Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tremblay, Christopher W.

    2015-01-01

    Most current professionals who serve in an enrollment management leadership capacity likely were trained "on the job," or at professional development events, primarily because credit-bearing credentials, degrees, and other formal programs were nonexistent (Phair 2014). However, that landscape has since changed, and now there are multiple…

  17. Positioning health professional identity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Ole; Krogh Christensen, Mette; Mørcke, Anne Mette

    2017-01-01

    Drawing on positioning theory, the purpose of this paper is to characterize the activities and positions of students and supervisors at workplaces and on-campus skills training sites across the higher health professional educations of medicine, sports science, and nursing. Furthermore, the study ...... explored the impact of work-based learning (WBL) and skills training on students’ personal professional identity development....

  18. Evaluating professional development

    CERN Document Server

    Guskey, Thomas R

    2000-01-01

    This is a practical guide to evaluating professional development programs at five increasing levels of sophistication: participants' reaction to professional development; how much participants learned; evaluating organizational support and change; how participants use their new knowledge and skills; and improvements in student learning.

  19. Determinants of Teacher Professionalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Y. L. Jack

    1983-01-01

    Reports a study of the effect of variables at the personal, school, and district/division level on these aspects of the attitudinal professionalism of 1,205 Manitoba teachers: use of professional organization as major referent, belief in public service, belief in self-regulation, sense of calling to the field, and autonomy. (SB)

  20. Exploring digital professionalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellaway, Rachel H; Coral, Janet; Topps, David; Topps, Maureen

    2015-01-01

    The widespread use of digital media (both computing devices and the services they access) has blurred the boundaries between our personal and professional lives. Contemporary students are the last to remember a time before the widespread use of the Internet and they will be the first to practice in a largely e-health environment. This article explores concepts of digital professionalism and their place in contemporary medical education, and proposes a series of principles of digital professionalism to guide teaching, learning and practice in the healthcare professions. Despite the many risks and fears surrounding their use, digital media are not an intrinsic threat to medical professionalism. Professionals should maintain the capacity for deliberate, ethical, and accountable practice when using digital media. The authors describe a digital professionalism framework structured around concepts of proficiency, reputation, and responsibility. Digital professionalism can be integrated into medical education using strategies based on awareness, alignment, assessment, and accountability. These principles of digital professionalism provide a way for medical students and medical practitioners to embrace the positive aspects of digital media use while being mindful and deliberate in its use to avoid or minimize any negative consequences.

  1. Communicating with Professionals

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to your doctor, nurse, pharmacist, dietitian, physical therapist, exercise physiologist or other healthcare professionals. Find a list of questions to ask at your next appointment . Healthcare professionals talk about why good communication is important A patient describes how he prepares for office ...

  2. Purpose and Professional Writers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blyler, Nancy Roundy

    1989-01-01

    Describes a protocol study of 10 professional writers which examined the meaning and influence of purpose on writers in the workplace. Explores the interactions of various purpose considerations derived from situation, reader, and text. Suggests that professional writers have a range of meanings in mind when they think about purpose. (MM)

  3. Partnering for Professional Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis-Duerr, Jennifer

    2017-01-01

    Literacy specialists are often overlooked when determining the professional development needs within a school, and yet they are arguably the school's best resource to empower teachers with professional growth to meet state mandates. How can literacy specialists be supported to increase their knowledge and skills so that all educators' and…

  4. Standards and Professional Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zengler, Cynthia J.

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the professional development that has taken place in conjunction with Ohio adopting the College and Career Readiness (CCR) Standards. The professional development (PD) has changed over time to include not only training on the new standards and lesson plans but training on the concepts defined in the…

  5. Scripting Professional Identities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bévort, Frans; Suddaby, Roy

    2016-01-01

    on a longitudinal ethnography of professionals in a Big Four accounting firm we analyse the process by which individual professionals make sense of their new roles and integrate the conflicting demands of professional and managerial logics. We find that individuals are active authors of their own identity scripts......This article examines how individual accountants subjectively interpret competing logics of professionalism as they transform from practicing accountants to managerial roles and as their organizations transform from traditional professional partnerships to more corporate organizational forms. Based....... We further observe considerable interpretive variation in how identity scripts are reproduced and enacted. We contribute to the emerging understanding of institutions as ‘inhabited’ by individuals and extend this literature by demonstrating that the institutional work of reinterpreting competing...

  6. Professionalism and nonprofit organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majone, G

    1984-01-01

    Many professionals prefer to work in nonprofit organizations, rather than in either for-profit or bureaucratic organizations. This preference suggests that nonprofits may be successful in reducing the tension between professional principles and institutional requirements. Professionals in for-profit organizations must submit to the control of a manager who is motivated to overrule them whenever their decisions come into conflict with the goal of profit maximization. Bureaucratic organizations stress predictability of results and adherence to rules as the overriding criteria of evaluation and control. This paper argues that nonprofits are on the whole superior from the point of view of professional ideology and practice. Thus, given a commitment to the values of professionalism, the preference for the nonprofit form becomes understandable, even without the usual assumptions about income-maximizing behavior.

  7. Identity and Professional Networking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raj, Medha; Fast, Nathanael J; Fisher, Oliver

    2017-06-01

    Despite evidence that large professional networks afford a host of financial and professional benefits, people vary in how motivated they are to build such networks. To help explain this variance, the present article moves beyond a rational self-interest account to examine the possibility that identity shapes individuals' intentions to network. Study 1 established a positive association between viewing professional networking as identity-congruent and the tendency to prioritize strengthening and expanding one's professional network. Study 2 revealed that manipulating the salience of the self affects networking intentions, but only among those high in networking identity-congruence. Study 3 further established causality by experimentally manipulating identity-congruence to increase networking intentions. Study 4 examined whether identity or self-interest is a better predictor of networking intentions, providing support for the former. These findings indicate that identity influences the networks people develop. Implications for research on the self, identity-based motivation, and professional networking are discussed.

  8. Causes of Male Infertility

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Videos State Infertility Insurance Laws Protect Your Fertility Campaign Find a Health Professional ABOUT ASRM Vision of ASRM ASRM's Mission Statement Site Endowment ASRM Board of Directors ASRM Office of Public Affiars Social Media Contact Us Donate ASRM Cookie Policy Donate ASRM ...

  9. [Descriptive study of bladder tumors in the district of Levante-Alto Almanzora].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hita Rosino, E; Jiménez Verdejo, A; Mellado Mesa, P; López Hidalgo, J; Sánchez Fornieles, E; Grau Civit, J

    2001-06-01

    We present our series of operater bladder cancers in this District and the annual incidence in the period 1996 at 1998, as web as they are distributed by sex, age and smoking in the population; neoplasic stage and relapse were also studied. 61 patients were treated and un found global half incidence of 19.8 for 10(5) inhabitant-year (h-a), while for sexes it was of 4.22 for 10(5) h-y for women and of 15.58 for 10(5) h-y males. 78.69% was male with a masculinity rate of 3.69. The most frequent age group was starting from the seventh decade with 50.81% of our series. There was 36% of intervened patients that they were smoking, while 29.5% had relationship with other factors of risk like hydrocarbons and pesticidas. The superficial tumors were the most frequent with 86.88% of the cases, on the other hand the undifferentiated neoplastics was not very frequent with 13.21%, increasing these neoplastics with the age. In the follow up there were relapses in 36% of the people, being bigger in the T1 of our series. The occupational factors in this district can explain the high frequency in the female sex, although analytic studies are needed to check it.

  10. Ecoturismo en Ecuador: El caso del Oglán alto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Hernández Pardo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Ecuador es un país con unos grandes recursos naturales que han sido explotados a lo largo de su historia, posee una gran biodiversidad, Amazonia, Sierra y Costa, y una gran  riqueza  cultural.  Una  forma  de  aprovechar  esos recursos  de  una  forma  sostenible  y  permitiendo  el desarrollo  económico  es  el  eco  turismo,  en  todas  sus tipologías. Para que el turismo sea sostenible hay que entender las necesidades, los activos potenciales y los valores culturales del área donde se va desarrollar. La creación de empleo estable y de calidad, debe ser parte de esa sostenibilidad, porque es fundamental para que la población  pueda  percibir  los  beneficios  del  turismo. Para conseguirlo   es   necesario   la   existencia   de emprendedores   capaces   de   formar   microempresas, pequeñas  y medianas  empresas,  que  sean  rentables  y generadoras de empleo. La cultura indígena amazónica es básicamente  comunitaria  y  agrícola  por  lo  que  es difícil la creación de actividades empresariales por esas comunidades.   Pero   desde   hace   ya   años,   estas comunidades indígenas,  están perdiendo su cultura, su lengua,  y  su  propia  vida  natural,  adquiriendo  valores occidentales que nada tienen que ver con los suyos. El eco turismo es una buena forma de recuperar sus valores, su cultura y sus tradiciones, y a la vez, una forma de asegurar su progreso economico respetando su hábitat natural   y   sus   recursos   de   una   forma   sostenible, permitiendo   que   actividades   destructivas   como   la madera y el petróleo, sean abandonadas. Un ejemplo lo tenemos en el Oglán Alto, donde la comunidad quechua “Pablo  López”  ha  decidido  proteger  su  patrimonio ancestral   mediante   la   creación   de   una   Estación Científica,  gracias  a  un  acuerdo  con  la  Universidad Central

  11. Genetically conditioned male sterility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gottschalk, W.

    1976-01-01

    A survey is given of two different types of genetically controlled male sterility in higher plants. 'Functional' male sterility is due to the action of mutated genes causing a misdifferentiation of the growing points in different specific ways. Under the influence of the genes of this group either the stamens or the archespore tissues are not differentiated. In other mutants functionable male germ cells are produced but cannot be used for fertilizing the egg cells because the anthers remain closed or anthers and stigma become spatially separated from each other. Other genes of the group are responsible for the transformation of stamens into carpels, i.e. for a change of the hermaphrodite flower into a unisexually female one. A second type of male sterility is due to the action of ms genes influencing the course of micro-sporogenesis directly. They cause the breakdown of this process in a specific meiotic stage characteristic for each gene of the group. This breakdown is introduced by the degeneration of PMCs, microspores, or pollen grains preventing the production of male germ cells. The female sex organs remain uninfluenced. (author)

  12. Male sterility in chestnuts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Omura, Mitsuo; Akihama, Tomoya

    1982-01-01

    A tentative plan was proposed for chestnuts based on their pollination system, male sterility and restoration. The studies on the male sterility of 1,063 cultivars and clones suggested that there were three types of male sterility. The first type (S-1) was characterized by antherless florets. In the second type (S-2), the catkins fell before anthesis, and the third type (S-3) appeared to develop normally in gross floral morphology, but the pollen grains were abnormal in shape and did not have germinating power. In an interspecific hybrid clone CS which belonged to S-1, fertility was restored in an open pollinated progeny. The use of CS and CSO-3 with its restored fertility, permitted the planning of breeding the chestnut hybrid cultivars propagated by seeds. The inbred clones with either male sterility or restorer genes are first bred mainly by back crossing with parents with favorable pollen. The clones are selected individually for early bearing, wasp and disease resistance, and restoration. Then, the hybrid seedling lines between male sterile and restorer inbreds are evaluated for homogenity in nut characters and tree habits. Next, the hybrid seedling lines selected will be examined for crop yield, vigor and cross compatibility. The superior seedling lines are finally selected, and the parental inbreds are grafted to be propagated for seed production orchards. (Kaihara, S.)

  13. Confused Professionals? : Capacities to Cope with Pressures in Professional Work

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schott, Carina; Van Kleef, Daphne; Noordegraaf, Mirko

    2016-01-01

    Public professionalism is increasingly subject to organizational and societal pressures, which has led to ambiguity concerning its nature. Professionals face conflicting situations due to potential clashes between multifaceted professional, organizational, and societal factors. This raises questions

  14. SPECIFIC PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION IN THE STRUCTURE OF THE PROFESSIONAL EDUCATOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Abramova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the specific characteristics of professional communication teachers in the course of his career. Characterized by the basic communication skillsfor professional communication teachers, distinguished social and psychological characteristics of professional educator.

  15. Male gametogenesis without centrioles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riparbelli, Maria Giovanna; Callaini, Giuliano

    2011-01-15

    The orientation of the mitotic spindle plays a central role in specifying stem cell-renewal by enabling interaction of the daughter cells with external cues: the daughter cell closest to the hub region is instructed to self-renew, whereas the distal one starts to differentiate. Here, we have analyzed male gametogenesis in DSas-4 Drosophila mutants and we have reported that spindle alignment and asymmetric divisions are properly executed in male germline stem cells that lack centrioles. Spermatogonial divisions also correctly proceed in the absence of centrioles, giving rise to cysts of 16 primary spermatocytes. By contrast, abnormal meiotic spindles assemble in primary spermatocytes. These results point to different requirements for centrioles during male gametogenesis of Drosophila. Spindle formation during germ cell mitosis may be successfully supported by an acentrosomal pathway that is inadequate to warrant the proper execution of meiosis. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. A tortoiseshell male cat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, A. S.; Berg, Lise Charlotte; Almstrup, Kristian

    2014-01-01

    Tortoiseshell coat color is normally restricted to female cats due to X-linkage of the gene that encodes the orange coat color. Tortoiseshell male cats do, however, occur at a low frequency among tortoiseshell cats because of chromosome aberrations similar to the Klinefelter syndrome in man...... tissue from a tortoiseshell male cat referred to us. Chromosome analysis using RBA-banding consistently revealed a 39,XXY karyotype. Histological examinations of testis biopsies from this cat showed degeneration of the tubules, hyperplasia of the interstitial tissue, and complete loss of germ cells....... Immunostaining using anti-vimentin and anti-VASA (DDX4) showed that only Sertoli cells and no germ cells were observed in the testicular tubules. As no sign of spermatogenesis was detected, we conclude that this is a classic case of a sterile, male tortoiseshell cat with a 39,XXY chromosome complement. © 2013 S...

  17. Avaliação da conduta conservadora na lesão intraepitelial cervical de alto grau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Shozo Uchimura

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a associação entre a conduta conservadora em lesão intraepitelial cervical de alto grau com o índice de recidiva da neoplasia e faixa etária. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal e retrospectivo realizado com 509 mulheres (15-76 anos atendidas no período de 1996 a 2006, com colpocitologia oncótica alterada, em um serviço público de referência em Maringá, PR. Os dados foram coletados dos prontuários médicos e estudadas as variáveis diagnóstico definitivo, tipos de tratamento, ocorrência da lesão e recidivas, analisados por meio de testes de associação de qui-quadrado de Pearson e teste exato de Fisher. RESULTADOS: A lesão intraepitelial cervical de alto grau ocorreu em 168 casos; destes, 31 mulheres foram submetidas à amputação cônica, 104 a cirurgias de alta frequência, nove histerectomizadas e 24 receberam conduta conservadora. Dentre as mulheres com lesão de alto grau e tratadas de forma conservadora, oito (33,3% recidivaram, enquanto dentre as submetidas à conduta não conservadora dez (6,9% recidivaram, sendo essa diferença estatisticamente significante (p = 0,0009, RP = 4,8 (IC95% 2,11;10,93. Para aquelas que fizeram o seguimento clínico-citológico, três (30,0% e, dentre as cauterizadas, cinco (35,7% recidivaram no prazo de três anos, sem diferença significante (p = 0,5611. A recidiva abaixo e acima de 30 anos ocorreu, respectivamente, em sete (13,8% e 11 (12,2% mulheres (p = 0,9955. CONCLUSÕES: A idade da mulher não influencia o prognóstico de recidiva. O tratamento conservador deve ser indicado como conduta de exceção, dada a alta taxa de recidiva, e o seguimento deve ser rigoroso, com acompanhamento citológico e colposcópico de até três anos, período em que ocorre a maioria das recidivas.

  18. CRECIMIENTO DEL MAÍZ EN VERTISOLES CON ALTO ALUMINIO EN LA BAIXADA MARANHENSE PRE-AMAZONIA, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Costa da Silva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Crecimiento del maíz en vertisoles con alto aluminio en la Baixada Maranhense pre-Amazonia, Brasil. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el crecimiento del maíz en suelos con alto contenido de aluminio. Se midió el efecto del Al3+ en raíces y la cantidad de materia seca (raíz, hoja y tallo de maíz. Se efectuó la caracterización físico-química de cuatro muestras de suelo con alto aluminio colectadas del horizonte Ap, en tres municipios de la región conocida como Baixada Maranhense (Pre-Amazonia, Brasil: Santa Rita (SR, Arari (AR y Vitoria do Mearim (VM y un testigo colectado en el municipio de São Luís, Área del Núcleo de Tecnología Rural (T. El estudio, ejecutado en 2009, se llevó a cabo en invernadero y se utilizó 2 dm3 de suelo por maceta. Asimismo las muestras fueron divididas en muestras con y sin fertilización. La variación en la longitud de la raíz y de materia seca de las hojas difirió significativamente entre tratados con y sin fertilizante, excepto en la muestra de la localidad T. La producción de materia seca de raíz, tallo y hoja fue mayor en todos los suelos cuando se fertilizó. El suelo testigo también superó a todos los demás en cuanto a producción de materia seca en la raíz, posiblemente como resultado de una menor cantidad de Al3+ (1,2 cmolc/dm3 en comparación con los suelos SR, AR y VM (6,8; 8,0 y 7,0 cmolc/dm3 respectivamente. Se concluye la fertilización reduce el efecto detrimental del aluminio en la producción de maíz en la Baixada Maranhense.

  19. ¿El buen entrenador nace o lo hace el deportista? El camino hacia el alto nivel en triatlón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germ\\u00E1n Ruiz Tendero

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La figura del entrenador adquiere un peso importante en el sistema deportivo y por tanto en el éxito de sus deportistas. Las claves de su éxito han sido estudiadas desde diferentes perspectivas. El estudio en retrospectiva del recorrido por el cual se llega al alto nivel es una de ellas. El propósito de este estudio fue determinar el camino de los entrenadores de triatlón previo a su llegada al alto nivel, así como las circunstancias en las que se produjo el paso hacia el alto rendimiento. Para ello se entrevistó a una muestra de 14 entrenadores españoles de alto nivel en triatlón. Los resultados muestran un recorrido prevalente en el que el entrenador fue anteriormente deportista y entrenador en alguna/s de las disciplinas fundamentales (DF de las que se compone el triatlón (natación, ciclismo, atletismo, llegando al alto nivel de triatlón con una edad aproximada de 30 años. Los años de experiencia previa varían en función del pasado del entrenador, no llegándose a alcanzar los 10 años de media en ningún caso, hasta el inicio en la etapa de alto nivel. Sería recomendable, por tanto, contextualizar los años de experiencia previos, para optimizar la selección de muestras de entrenadores expertos.

  20. Information professionals: core competencies and professional development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Ferreira

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. We discuss the concept of core competencies applied to policies for teaching and training information professionals, particularly librarians. Method. Sixty graduates of the Institute were employed as information professionals. These sixty were asked to attribute degrees of importance to specific items associated with knowledge and skills that, within the scope of this research, were considered core competencies for meeting the demands of their jobs. Participants were also asked to cite knowledge they acquired in school and knowledge they use in exercising their profession, the skills that they consider necessary but that they did not gain in school, and the difficulties they encounter in exercising their profession and for which they were not sufficiently well prepared. Analysis. Both quantitative and qualitative data analyses were performed. The data were tabulated using Access and several reports and cross-tabulations were generated. Results. The results suggest a gulf between knowledge and skills acquired in library school and those that are required by the job market. In particular, participants lacked the skills they needed to work with information and communication technologies. Conclusion. The concept of core competencies is increasingly taken into account by the productive sector of the economy. The educational system ought to keep up with this change. The empirical research described shows that there is a need to establish advanced and modern policies for the education of librarians, participants in the market for information professionals.

  1. Turnover among healthcare professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Ben D

    2009-01-01

    Turnover among healthcare professionals is a costly consequence. The existing body of knowledge on healthcare professional turnover is correlated with job satisfaction levels. A landmark study differentiated 2 areas of job satisfaction categories: satisfiers and dissatisfiers (intrinsic and extrinsic motivators). The aim of this article is to examine existing research on precursors of turnover, such as burnout behaviors experienced by healthcare professionals, job satisfaction levels, employee organizational commitment, health complications which precede turnover, some current strategies to reduce turnover, and some effects CEO turnover has on employee turnover intentions.

  2. Views of professionalism: a veterinary institutional perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roder, C; Whittlestone, K; May, S A

    2012-12-08

    In many western countries, there has been a marked change in the demographic profile of those entering the veterinary profession, with a shift from a predominantly male to a predominantly female intake. There have been parallel changes in society, with greater emphasis on human rights and work-life balance. It is, therefore, timely to consider what constitutes correct professional conduct for the profession, as there is the potential for problems to arise over the interpretation of 'professionalism' due to cultural and generational differences. A cross-section of staff and students within one veterinary institution were invited to take part in a survey exploring their prioritisation of 10 aspects of the professional role. A cluster analysis was performed, and four distinctly different profiles were established according to the views held by the cluster members. Cluster membership was found to significantly correlate to career stage, with altruism and social justice progressively giving way to professional autonomy and dominance. All four clusters in this educational environment prioritised technical and interpersonal competences above all other aspects of the professional role.

  3. How Effective Is Male Contraception?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Twitter Pinterest Email Print How effective is male contraception? Not all contraceptive methods are appropriate for all ... is best for them. For men, methods of contraception include male condoms and sterilization (vasectomy). Male condoms. ...

  4. Organización socioeconómica y territorial en la región del Alto Lerma, Estado de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estela Orozco Hernández

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo muestra que la región del Alto Lerma es un espacio de organización compleja, donde se entrelazan procesos sociales y territoriales diversos, representados por la existencia de estructuras agrarias, urbanas e industriales. Cada una de estas estructuras tiene necesidades e intereses que definen las formas de apropiación, control y producción del espacio regional y, por lo tanto, constituyen factores determinantes de la configuración socioterritorial del Alto Lerma. Se analiza la información estadística oficial, así como los trabajos disponibles, desde una perspectiva hipotético-deductiva.

  5. IRMANDADE DO ROSÁRIO DOS PRETOS DE SANTA EFIGÊNIA DO ALTO DA CRUZ: PROPOSTA DE GESTÃO DE UM ARQUIVO EM OURO PRETO (MG).

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Laurimar Gomes da

    2009-01-01

    A proposta deste projeto visa atender a uma demanda da Irmandade do Rosário dos Pretos de Santa Efigênia do Alto da Cruz na cidade de Ouro Preto (MG), a fim de consolidar parcerias no sentido de preservar e gerir o arquivo. Fundada em 1719, compondo uma das vinte irmandades encontradas na cidade, a Irmandade do Rosário dos Pretos de Santa Efigênia do Alto da Cruz se particulariza por ser a responsável pela administração da igreja barroca de Santa Efigênia, que no imaginário ...

  6. Tolerancia a la violencia de pareja en tres historias de vida de mujeres de estrato económico alto de Lima

    OpenAIRE

    Mujica, Jaris; Bedoya, Silvana

    2017-01-01

    Objetivo: esta investigación analiza la presencia de violencia física y psicológica ejercidas por la pareja (varón) a una víctima (mujer) en el estrato económico alto de Lima. Método: se recolectaron los datos a través de la técnica “historia de vida” en un registro profundo de los discursos de tres mujeres adultas del estrato económico alto. Resultados: los resultados ratifican resultados de la literatura precedente (concentrada en sectores de medios y bajos recursos económicos) en las forma...

  7. Prática pedagógica aos educandos com deficiência intelectual numa escola de ensino fundamental com alto IDEB

    OpenAIRE

    Wilma Carin Silva Porta

    2015-01-01

    No atual contexto da inclusão escolar, em que os educandos com deficiência intelectual constituem a maioria dentre os demais deficientes, indagações sobre a atuação dos professores da sala comum das escolas com alto Índice de Desenvolvimento da Educação Básica (Ideb) com esta população, tornam-se sobremaneira importantes. O presente estudo teve como objeto de análise a prática pedagógica na perspectiva inclusiva, de professores do ciclo I do ensino fundamental, numa escola com alto índice do ...

  8. Professional Education: Some New Directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schein, Edgar H.; Kommers, Diane W.

    This is a plea for planning for impending changes in professional education. The author analyzes new features of professional practice and shifting expectations of professional students and then undertakes a perceptive analysis of the anatomy of change itself. (MJM)

  9. Charlie's Words: Supporting Gifted Male Athletes Using Athletes' Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kent, Richard

    2012-01-01

    A gifted student-athlete, Charlie Bloomfield is introduced to athlete's journals by his coaches at Burke Mountain Academy (Vermont), an elite American ski school. Used by Olympians and professionals alike, journals provide athletes with ways to organize and reflect on training and competitions. Athlete's journals help gifted male athletes address…

  10. Communicating with Professionals

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... than you (or your professionals) want. Simple communication skills can help you get what you need – over ... the hospital or during office visits. Good communication skills help you get better results from the time ...

  11. Communicating with Professionals

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... you talk to your doctor, nurse, pharmacist, dietitian, physical therapist, exercise physiologist or other healthcare professionals. Find ... Can I Expect? Introduction Getting Physically Active - Introduction - Physical Activity & Health - What Type of Activity is Best? - ...

  12. Communicating with Professionals

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... follow-up with your medical team. You can help improve the care you receive at follow-up ... or your professionals) want. Simple communication skills can help you get what you need – over the phone, ...

  13. Communicating with Professionals

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... getting the facts. Usually, office visits and phone calls are shorter and more rushed than you (or your professionals) want. Simple communication skills can help you get what you need – ...

  14. Communicating with Professionals

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... rushed than you (or your professionals) want. Simple communication skills can help you get what you need – ... at the hospital or during office visits. Good communication skills help you get better results from the ...

  15. Communicating with Professionals

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to your doctor, nurse, pharmacist, dietitian, physical therapist, exercise physiologist or other healthcare professionals. Find a list ... Plan - Be Safe While Being Active - Stretching & Flexibility Exercises - Strength & Balance Exercises - Problems & Solutions for Being Active - ...

  16. Communicating with Professionals

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... rushed than you (or your professionals) want. Simple communication skills can help you get what you need – over ... at the hospital or during office visits. Good communication skills help you get better results from the time ...

  17. Personal professional development

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Rao, S

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Three workshop sessions on personal professional development were held during the Third IUPAP Women in Physics Conference. These were designed to teach participants about planning for career success, "survival skills," negotiation, and ways...

  18. Communicating with Professionals

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to follow-up with your medical team. You can help improve the care you receive at follow- ... you (or your professionals) want. Simple communication skills can help you get what you need – over the ...

  19. Patrimonio Gastronómico e Turismo Como Estrategia de Desarrollo Local en El Alto Lerma, Toluca - México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Tonatiuh Romero Contreras

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivos descrever e caracterizar a formação da cozinha tradicional da região de Alto Lerma, a fim de reconhecer o patrimônio culinário existente, iniciando pela parte mais básica da gastronomia desta região, no Valle de Toluca, México. Assim como o potencial para o desenvolvimento local das comunidades detentoras de tal saber. A fim de alcançar tais objetivos, utilizou-se a informação geográfica, arqueológica e etnográfica de projetos publicados, bem como teses profissionais e pesquisas de campo, identificando aquelas características ou sabores que conferem o caráter regional através do tempo.

  20. Projeto Sabura: dez anos a ultrapassar barreiras e a quebrar estigmas no Bairro do Alto da Cova da Moura (BACM)

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Pais Neves dos Santos

    2017-01-01

    O Sabura é um projeto pioneiro no panorama do turismo étnico português que funciona no Bairro do Alto da Cova da Moura (BACM) e que recentemente comemorou uma década de existência (2004/2014). Neste trabalho fazemos a primeira apresentação pública dos resultados deste projeto. Começamos com uma introdução e seguidamente apresentamos um enquadramento histórico-geográfico do BACM, um breve historial da Associação Cultural Moinho da Juventude (ACMJ) e uma descrição da origem e evolução do Sabura...

  1. IMPACTOS DA ATIVIDADE TURÍSTICA À ECONOMIA MUNICIPAL DE ALTO PARAÍSO DE GOIÁS, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tathiana Rodrigues Salgado

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El turismo en Alto Paraíso de Goiás tiene un papel importante en la economía de la ciudad, ya sea moviendo las tiendas locales o mediante la generación de puestos de trabajo directos y de temporada. Sin embargo, una vertiente poco explorada por los administradores municipales son los ingresos fiscales relacionados con este segmento económico, como se ve en la investigación. El flujo de turistas, contribuye poco a la formación de las finanzas municipales, principalmente debido a la falta de una legislación específica para mejorar el uso de las actividades turísticas.

  2. Avaliação do património vegetal natural do Alto Douro Vinhateiro 2001 -2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Farinha-Marques

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O Alto Douro Vinhateiro é uma paisagem cultural evolutiva viva, património mundial desde 2001. Dez anos após a distinção foi feito um estudo multidisciplinar sobre o seu estado de conservação. No trabalho que aqui se apresenta avalia-se a evolução, entre 2001 e 2012, das classes de uso do solo que codificam o património natural do ADV: Matos e Matas, Pinhais e Galerias Ripícolas. A avaliação foi feita com base em quatro locais de amostragem associados a paisagens de referência. Discute-se a incidência das transformações detetadas e as suas implicações na manutenção do caráter de mosaico da paisagem e na diversidade sensorial e ecológica.

  3. RELATION OF IDENTITY- POLITICAL CULTURE IN THE INDIGENOUS AUTONOMY FORMATION. CASE STUDY IN “LOS ALTOS CHIAPAS” COMMUNITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Manuel Santos Chávez

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available SUMMARY The assumption of new studies about the indigenous movement in Mexico involves the need for articulating political and cultural dimensions of some social groups, as well as the reformulation of how that kind of studies should be done: In this study the need for combining the political dimensions (local power structure and cultural dimensions (ethnic identity redefinitions is established in order to examine the implications that such relationship has in the uprising of new indigenous movements and the emergence of de facto indigenous autonomies: To carry out this study, we had to think about the researching questions from a given referent , in this case it was a community from Los Altos the Chiapas. This community gave us the actual elements for the discussion of concrete research, the new indigenous movement in Chiapas and the indigenous autonomy.

  4. REPERCUSIONES TERRITORIALES DE LA POLÍTICA AGRARIA COMUNITARIA SOBRE LAS ESTRUCTURAS AGRARIAS DEL ALTO Y MEDIO VINALOPÓ (ALICANTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio M. Rico Amorós

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available a política de estructuras agrarias de la Unión Europea, sometida ahora a un hondo proceso de reflexión y reforma, ha propiciado en el Alto y Medio Vinalo- pó una serie de repercusiones estructurales, productivas, y espaciales. Las pri- mas que regulan el arranque definitivo de superficies de viñedo, con más de 7.000 Has arrancadas hasta la actualidad constituyen su más relevante exponen- te, aunque no es el único ni mucho menos. Este trabajo persigue la identificación y evaluación de las líneas de ayuda comunitarias, estatales, y autonómicas, de efectos espaciales más relevantes, sometiendo los mismos a reflexión.

  5. CARACTERIZACIÓN Y EVALUACIÓN DE LA SUSTENTABILIDAD DE FINCAS EN ALTO URUBAMBA, CUSCO, PERÚ*

    OpenAIRE

    Merma, Isaías; Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco (Perú).; Julca, Alberto; Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (Perú).

    2012-01-01

    El estudio se llevó a cabo en la provincia de La Convención, Cusco – Perú, en la región geográfica de selva alta conocida como Alto Urubamba. Tiene como objetivo evaluar las características prediales y medir la sustentabilidad de fincas a través de indicadores adaptados al lugar. Se recogió información de campo tanto en términos biofísicos y socio-económicos y se analizó en variables seleccionadas, a partir de una base de datos aplicando programas como SPSS, MINITAB y Análisis Cluster. Los re...

  6. A biocultural perspective on fictive kinship in the Andes: social support and women's immune function in El Alto, Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, Kathryn

    2014-09-01

    This article examines the influence of emotional and instrumental support on women's immune function, a biomarker of stress, in the city of El Alto, Bolivia. It tests the prediction that instrumental support is protective of immune function for women living in this marginal environment. Qualitative and quantitative ethnographic methods were employed to assess perceived emotional and instrumental support and common sources of support; multiple linear regression analysis was used to model the relationship between social support and antibodies to the Epstein-Barr virus. These analyses provided no evidence that instrumental social support is related to women's health, but there is some evidence that emotional support from compadres helps protect immune function. © 2014 by the American Anthropological Association.

  7. Agroindustria y extractivismo en el Alto Cauca. Impactos sobre los sistemas de subsistencia Afrocampesinos y resistencias (1950-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Vélez Torres

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La agroindustria y el extractivismo han generado un profundo cambio en las prácticaseconómicas tradicionales del Alto Cauca en Colombia en detrimento de los sistemas socio-económicos de subsistencia de la población local Afro-campesina. El intenso conflictoarmado y la migración forzada han acompañado la instauración de estos modelos de acumulaciónpor despojo. Utilizando una metodología de investigación participativa, este artículoanaliza críticamente la disputa por el acceso y la propiedad sobre la tierra y los bienesambientales del territorio, rescatando el punto de vista de comunidades Afrodescendientesy organizaciones sociales que han resistido desde la colonia y hasta nuestros días para defendersus pueblos y territorios.

  8. Estudio florístico y aportaciones a la conservación del alto Cabriel (Cuenca)

    OpenAIRE

    Mayoral García-Berlanga, Olga

    2011-01-01

    El alto Cabriel es un área montañosa inmersa en plena Serranía de Cuenca (Sistema Ibérico meridional), con altitudes entre los 910 y los 1.840 m. La zona de estudio com-prende 93.311 hectáreas -repartidas en 20 cuadrículas UTM de 10 km de lado- y 16 muni-cipios. Casi la mitad de la longitud del río Cabriel, afluente izquierdo del Júcar, discurre por la zona de estudio. Dominan las litologías calcáreas, destacando dos afloramientos de areniscas del Bundsandstein. Desde un punto de vista bio...

  9. Género, leña y sostenibilidad: el caso de una comunidad de los Altos de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Soares

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyse the strategies of use and management of firewood by the families in Pozuelos, a community of the municipality of Chamula, located in the Altos de Chiapas. We also explain the factors that promote or hinder the acceptance of alternative technologies that aim to reduce the consumption of firewood among rural families and thus decrease the female workload and increase the conservation of the woods. The analysis is focussed on the times and workloads of bio-fuel supply as well as on the complementarity of functions in the domestic nucleus for the collection of the resource and on the factors that interfere with technology appropriation, in this case wood-saving stoves. This work identifies the role of the women as administrators of the forestal resources for energy purposes and points out the factors that restrict the acceptance of technological changes as sociocultural, economical, climatic and technical.

  10. Inteligencia fluida y cristalizada en el autismo de alto funcionamiento y el síndrome de Asperger

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Rivero, Paula Fernanda; Martínez Garrido, Lía Margarita

    2015-01-01

    La inteligencia en los trastornos del espectro autista, especialmente en el autismo de alto funcionamiento y el síndrome de Asperger, ha sido tema de numerosas investigaciones que pretenden establecer la capacidad intelectual que se observa en estos sujetos. Algunos de los resultados más sobresalientes señalan que la inteligencia fluida es uno de los aspectos de desempeño superior en esta población, en comparación con el desempeño en las pruebas que miden inteligencia cristalizada como la esc...

  11. Economic Valuation of Cultural Heritage: Application to a museum located in the Alto Douro Wine Region– World Heritage Site

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Fonseca

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Cultural assets are increasingly being considered in the policies of social and economic development of territories due to spillover effects. However, since cultural assets are not transacted in the market, their use value should be calculated using indirect methods of evaluation or non market techniques. In this paper, the travel cost method was chosen to estimate the curve of demand in the Museum of Lamego which constitutes an important cultural item of the Alto Douro Wine Region, classified by UNESCO in 2001, as a world heritage site – a living and evolving cultural landscape. The results of the application of the Poisson model confirm the expected, that is, the probability of visiting the museum is positively influenced by the educational level, female gender and negatively by the travel cost.

  12. PERCEPCIONES DE LOS SISTEMAS DE TRABAJO DE ALTO RENDIMIENTO E INTENCIÓN DE MARCHA. UN ANÁLISIS MULTINIVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Chas, Romina

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available La investigación sobre los sistemas de trabajo de alto rendimiento (STAR se ha centrado principalmente en el efecto sobre el rendimiento organizativo desde una perspectiva directiva. Este estudio diferencia entre la perspectiva de los empleados y los directivos sobre los STAR y examina la relación entre ambas perspectivas y la intención de marcha en una muestra conformada por ingenieros, utilizando la metodología multinivel. Los resultados indican que existen importantes diferencias entre la percepción de los empleados del STAR y la percepción de los directivos y que el STAR intentado afecta solo indirectamente (a través del STAR experimentado a la intención de marcha de los ingenieros.

  13. Tendencias en la síntesis de alcohol polivinílico de alto peso molecular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ernesto Perilla

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se comentan los resultados de algunas publicaciones realizadas acerca de la producción de alcohol polivinílico, PVOH, de alto peso molecular. Los estudios sobre la producción de un polímero de estas características toman dos vertientes principales. La primera consiste en la polimerización del acetato de vinilo, VAM, a temperaturas bajas, donde las reacciones de transferencia de actividad de cadena a polímero se vean reducidas, y la segunda la producción de PVOH por la hidrólisis de polivinil ésteres, obtenidos por polimerización de monémeros diferentes del VAM.

  14. Determination of uranium in Toxodon Platensis' teeth from Alto Ribeira region in Sao Paulo State for isotope dating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Figueiredo, Ana M.G.; Saiki, Mitiko; Sarkis, Jorge E.S.; Kakazu, Mauricio H.; Karmann, Ivo

    2000-01-01

    In the present work, the concentration of uranium in dentine and dental enamel of a pre-molar of Toxodon platensis (kind of herbivorous) from South America Quaternary, present in the region of Alto Ribeira, Sao Paulo, was determined, in order to date this fossil by using the ESR method (Electron Spin Resonance). The analytical techniques Epithermal Neutron Activation Analysis and High Resolution Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry were employed. The results obtained by using the two cited analytical techniques were in good agreement. These results, together with the data of total dose of deposed ionizing radiation and of the rate dose, allowed to find a ESR age of (6,7 +/- 1,3) Ka for the dentine, and of (5,0 +/- 1,6 Ka) for the dental enamel. Considering an average age of 6 Ka, this date corresponds to the Low to Medium Holocene, which is an unprecedented datum for this species in the southeastern region of Brazil. (author)

  15. CARACTERIZAÇÃO MORFOESTRUTURAL DO ALTO CURSO DA BACIA HIDROGRÁFICA DO RIO JAGUARIBE, CEARÁ-BRASIL

    OpenAIRE

    Mickaelle Braga da Silva; Rubson Pinheiro Maia

    2017-01-01

    O presente trabalho propõe uma análise morfoestrutural do alto curso da bacia hidrográfica do rio Jaguaribe, Ceará-Brasil, através da relação litologia/drenagem/relevo. A análise baseou-se em levantamentos bibliográficos e cartográficos; na aplicação de técnicas de geoprocessamento e tabulação e análise dos dados. Dentre os produtos de sensoriamento remoto disponíveis para a área, destacam-se os dados Shuttle Radar Topography Mission-SRTM, com resolução espacial de 30 metros. Este produto com...

  16. Gentrificación de La Candelaria: reconfiguraciones de lugar de residencia y consumo de grupos de altos ingresos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Smith Manrique Gómez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El sector de La Candelaria (Bogotá D. C., Colombia ha vuelto a ser un lugar de consumo y residencia de grupos de personas de altos ingresos económicos, luego de su abandono a mediados del siglo XX por efecto de múltiples problemáticas urbanas. Esta dinámica de relocalización es conocida por la geografía urbana como gentrificación; tendencia previamente registrada en otras urbes e integrante del proceso global de construcción urbana. El artículo ofrece una lectura de dicha dinámica urbana bogotana a partir del análisis de sus causas, el seguimiento a su funcionamiento y sus consecuencias.

  17. Male Reproductive System

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... With the Male Reproductive System Print en español Sistema reproductor masculino Reproduction All living things reproduce. Reproduction — ... of Use Notice of Nondiscrimination Visit the Nemours Web site. Note: All information on KidsHealth® is for ...

  18. TRICHOMONAS URETHRITIS IN MALES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Duc, Ector

    1955-01-01

    Trichomonas urethritis in the male should be suspected in all chronic cases of urethritis. The diagnosis is easily established by the hanging-drop method of examining the urethral discharge, or the first-glass urine specimen. Curative treatment is readily accomplished by the use of urethral instillations of Carbarsone suspension using 1 capsule of Carbarsone per ounce of distilled water. PMID:13270111

  19. Lycopene and male infertility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durairajanayagam, Damayanthi; Agarwal, Ashok; Ong, Chloe; Prashast, Pallavi

    2014-01-01

    Excessive amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) cause a state of oxidative stress, which result in sperm membrane lipid peroxidation, DNA damage and apoptosis, leading to decreased sperm viability and motility. Elevated levels of ROS are a major cause of idiopathic male factor infertility, which is an increasingly common problem today. Lycopene, the most potent singlet oxygen quencher of all carotenoids, is a possible treatment option for male infertility because of its antioxidant properties. By reacting with and neutralizing free radicals, lycopene could reduce the incidence of oxidative stress and thus, lessen the damage that would otherwise be inflicted on spermatozoa. It is postulated that lycopene may have other beneficial effects via nonoxidative mechanisms in the testis, such as gap junction communication, modulation of gene expression, regulation of the cell cycle and immunoenhancement. Various lycopene supplementation studies conducted on both humans and animals have shown promising results in alleviating male infertility—lipid peroxidation and DNA damage were decreased, while sperm count and viability, and general immunity were increased. Improvement of these parameters indicates a reduction in oxidative stress, and thus the spermatozoa is less vulnerable to oxidative damage, which increases the chances of a normal sperm fertilizing the egg. Human trials have reported improvement in sperm parameters and pregnancy rates with supplementation of 4–8 mg of lycopene daily for 3–12 months. However, further detailed and extensive research is still required to determine the dosage and the usefulness of lycopene as a treatment for male infertility. PMID:24675655

  20. Changing professional autonomy?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Peter Kragh

    The paper presents a typology for the analysis for professional autonomy and an application of the typology in realation to discourses of quality development in the 'Health Care sector in Denmark and Norway......The paper presents a typology for the analysis for professional autonomy and an application of the typology in realation to discourses of quality development in the 'Health Care sector in Denmark and Norway...

  1. Professional entrepreneurial identity construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramsgaard, Michael Breum

    The present study investigates the construction of a professional identity as an entrepreneur in a sample of people with educational background in nutrition and health. The study examines the connection between professional identity construction and entrepreneurial business emergence using...... ‘entrepreneurial preparedness’ as parameter. This research seeks to address the following questions: What significant components or characteristics do entrepreneurs rely on in the early processes of constructing an entrepreneurial identity....

  2. Professionalism without autonomy

    OpenAIRE

    Hafez, Rania

    2016-01-01

    Further Education lecturers appear to be stranded in a professional wilderness, deemed to fall short of the virtues of school teachers and lacking the academic credentials of university lecturers. One response to this apparent lack of status was an attempt to re-professionalise the FE workforce, most notably through the work of its first professional body, the Institute for Learning (IfL). This essay charts the ups and downs of the professionalisation agenda in Further Education and its impac...

  3. Professional Team Sports Clubs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Storm, Rasmus K.

    Professional football in Europe is characterized by persistent deficits, growing debts and additional financial problems among the majority of the top league clubs. Despite these problems, these clubs have an abnormally high survival rate. This paper focuses on this apparent paradox and poses the...... in Europe, this paper argues that professional team sports clubs (PTSCs) are cases of an economic phenomenon normally found in socialist or post-socialist economies....

  4. Tipología de productores y sostenibilidad de cultivos en Alto Urubamba, La Convención – Cusco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isaías Merma

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación se llevó a cabo en la región geográfica del Alto Urubamba, provincia de La Convención, Cusco – Perú. El objetivo fue identificar tipos de productores y evaluar la sostenibilidad de cultivos en fincas agrícolas de selva alta. Para la tipología se aplicó encuestas a una muestra de 106 productores tanto en términos biofísicos como socio-económicos analizándose la información mediante la estadística descriptiva. Luego se identificó los tipos de productores mediante el análisis multivariado utilizando variables previamente seleccionadas. Asimismo se evaluó la sostenibilidad de ocho cultivos tropicales; para esto, se seleccionó tres fincas por cultivo de un total de 24 fincas evaluadas. Se utilizó índices prácticos de calidad del suelo y salud del cultivo con una valoración de 0 a 10 y se calificó con la participación de los productores. Los resultados muestran que en la zona existen tres tipos de productores según su eficiencia en el manejo de recursos y su lógica económica. Los cultivos de té (6.65 y mango (6.50 obtienen los valores más altos de sostenibilidad, seguidos del café (6.25, cacao (6.25, cítricos (5.50, plátano (5.45 y coca (5.10. La papaya (4.60 muestra un valor menor a cinco, lo que califica a este cultivo como no sustentable para las condiciones en estudio.

  5. TENDÊNCIAS HIDROLÓGICAS NO ALTO CURSO DA BACIA HIDROGRÁFICA DO RIO UBERABA, EM MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vítor de Oliveira Santos

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available O aumento da demanda hídrica por parte das médias e grandes cidades brasileiras tem gerado preocupações no poder público quanto ao abastecimento urbano. Na contramão do aumento da demanda por água, os sistemas hídricos parecem não mais suprir as necessidades impostas pela sociedade, sobretudo nos períodos de estiagem. A bacia hidrográfica do rio Uberaba ilustra esse cenário pois vem sofrendo escassez hídrica desde o início dos anos 2000. Desde então percebe-se a realização de medidas urgentes como a transposição das águas do rio Claro para suprir a demanda hídrica da cidade de Uberaba, além da criação da Área de Proteção Ambiental – APA rio Uberaba. Este trabalho tem como objetivo central analisar estatisticamente, através de testes de tendência, séries históricas de vazão no âmbito do alto curso do rio Uberaba. Justifica-se a escolha do alto curso do referido rio como objeto de estudo o fato de o abastecimento público do município de Uberaba ser realizado dentro de seus limites. Como método utilizou-se os testes de regressão linear, Mann-Kendall, Mann-Kendall Sazonal, Curvatura de Sen e o teste de homogeneidade de Pettitt. Os resultados indicam paulatina redução das vazões de estiagem e ligeiro aumento das vazões máximas.

  6. Vidrios de silicato a partir de residuos galvánicos con alto contenido en Cr y Ni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mello-Castanho, S. R. H.

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available The environmental and human health related with harmful industrial waste is nowadays an issue of worldwide great concern. Particularly the case of galvanic solid waste, because of its high content in heavy metals, it is highly harmful from both environmental and human health point of view. In this study, glasses containing up to 40 wt% of galvanic waste with a high content of chromium and nickel were obtained. The chemical stability of these glasses was studied by hydrolytic, alkaline and acid attack. Finally the different glasses were studied by X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence and infrared spectroscopy techniques in order to rationalize and to understand its observed chemical stability.

    La eliminación de los residuos industriales tóxicos, es en la actualidad un objetivo prioritario a nivel mundial. Para el caso particular de los residuos sólidos galvánicos, su alto contenido en metales pesados resulta perjudicial tanto para la salud como para el medio ambiente. En este trabajo se han obtenido vídrios con un 40% en peso de residuos galvánicos de alto contenido en cromo y níquel. La estabilidad química de los vídrios obtenidos fue comprobada mediante ensayos de resistencia al ataque hidrolítico, ácido y alcalino. Finalmente, los diferentes vídrios fueron caracterizados por diferentes técnicas difración de rayos-X, fluorescencia de rayos-X, espectrometría infrarroja.

  7. Estudo epidemiológico da entorse de tornozelo em atletas de voleibol de alto rendimento Ankle sprains in volleyball high-performance athletes: an epidemiological study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Rodrigo do Nascimento Fortes

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desta pesquisa foi caracterizar o último episódio de entorse de tornozelo em atletas de voleibol de alto rendimento. Participaram inicialmente deste estudo, entre os meses janeiro de 2003 e março de 2004, 114 atletas, do sexo masculino, atuantes na categoria adulta de 9 equipes, todas participantes da Divisão Especial ou Primeira Divisão do Campeonato Paulista de Voleibol. Dos 114 atletas inicialmente analisados, 21 relataram não ter sofrido nenhuma lesão nos tornozelos, portanto, seguindo os critérios de exclusão, foram analisados 93 episódios de última entorse de tornozelo de 93 atletas. Os mesmos foram entrevistados de maneira oral e individual pelo pesquisador executante, seguindo a seqüência do questionário pré-estabelecido. Foi encontrada diferença significante na correlação entre a fase da competição e a causa da entorse bem como na relação entre a posição de atuação do atleta e o fundamento realizado no momento da lesão. A posição oposto foi a mais acometida e o fundamento bloqueio foi o que mais ocasionou entorses.The purpose of this research is to characterize the most recent ankle sprain episode occurred with volleyball high performance athletes. From January 2003 to March 2004, 114 male athletes from 9 adult category teams of the Special and First Division of São Paulo State Volleyball Championship were included on this study. From the 114 athletes assessed, 21 have reported no ankle sprains, therefore, by following the exclusion criteria, the last 93 episodes of ankle sprain from 93 athletes were assessed. They have been individually interviewed by the researcher, following a pre-established sequence of the questionnaire. A significant difference was found in the correlation between the competition phase and the ankle sprain cause, as well as for the correlation between the athlete's acting position and the movement made at the injury moment. The opposite position was the most affected and

  8. The insults of illicit drug use on male fertility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fronczak, Carolyn M; Kim, Edward D; Barqawi, Al B

    2012-01-01

    One-third of infertile couples may have a male factor present. Illicit drug use can be an important cause of male factor infertility and includes use of anabolic-androgenic steroids, marijuana, opioid narcotics, cocaine, and methamphetamines. The use of these illicit drugs is common in the United States, with a yearly prevalence rate for any drug consistently higher in males compared with females. We aim to provide a review of recent literature on the prevalence and effects of illicit drug use on male fertility and to aid health professionals when counseling infertile men whose social history suggests illicit drug use. Anabolic-androgenic steroids, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamines, and opioid narcotics all negatively impact male fertility, and adverse effects have been reported on the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis, sperm function, and testicular structure. The use of illicit drugs is prevalent in our society and likely adversely impacting the fertility of men who abuse drugs.

  9. Professional Learning of Instructors in Vocational and Professional Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoekstra, Annemarieke; Kuntz, Jeff; Newton, Paul

    2018-01-01

    This article presents insights from a study into instructor professional learning in vocational and professional education (VPE) in Canada. While most studies on instructor learning focus on learning through formal professional development programmes, this study specifically focuses on professional learning as it happens in day-to-day practice.…

  10. Male breast pathology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Puebla, C.; Sainz, J.M.; Pujala, M.; Villavieja, J.L.

    1998-01-01

    To review the specific radiological signs of male breast pathology observed in our center over the past five years, as well as the pertinent medical literature. A retrospective study was carried out of the 47 mammographic studies performed in 41 men. Oblique mediolateral and craniocaudal views were employed. The distribution of different types of male breast pathology among our patients was as follows: gynecomastia was detected in 30 cases (73.1%), pseudogynectomastia in 4 (9.7%), carcinoma in 3(7.3%), abscess in 2 (4.9%), lipoma in 1 (2.5%) and epidermoid cyst in the remaining patient (2.5%). The results obtained agree with those reported in the literature reviewed. The most significant findings were the low incidence of carcinoma and the high rate of gynecomastia. (Author) 26 refs

  11. Genital male piercings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mircea Tampa

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Body piercing has been practiced for thousands of years all over the world for beautification, religion, initiation rites or status reasons. Genital piercings also have a significant background and have been practiced for enhancing sexual pleasure, chastity, shocking or as a protest against a conservative society. As the popularity of genital piercings increased in the last years, the number of complications is also on the rise. It is therefore important for the medical professionals to have at least basic knowledge regarding this practice, as it might be required in the management of unpredictable complications.

  12. Índice hiperbárico en la prevención primaria de las complicaciones hipertensivas del embarazo de alto riesgo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Otero González

    2015-11-01

    Resultados: En las gestantes remitidas a consulta de Nefrología (38,2%, diagnosticadas de alto riesgo de PE y tratadas con AAS 100 mg nocturno (desde la semana 17 se redujo la incidencia de episodios de PE un 96,94%.

  13. Quasi una mostra. Giulio Carlo Argan, Wart Arslan e l'allestimento del Museo dell'Alto Adige tra propaganda e museografia, 1933-1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelini, Gianpaolo

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo prende in esame la riorganizzazione del Museo dell’Alto Adige a cura di Wart Arslan negli anni 1933-1938 in relazione alle scelte dell’allestimento, alla propaganda di regime, agli studi sulla pittura barocca nel primo Novecento, sulla scorta dell’epistolario di Arslan e degli articoli apparsi sulla stampa specialistica.

  14. Advances in Male Contraception

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, Stephanie T.; Amory, John K.; Bremner, William J.

    2008-01-01

    Despite significant advances in contraceptive options for women over the last 50 yr, world population continues to grow rapidly. Scientists and activists alike point to the devastating environmental impacts that population pressures have caused, including global warming from the developed world and hunger and disease in less developed areas. Moreover, almost half of all pregnancies are still unwanted or unplanned. Clearly, there is a need for expanded, reversible, contraceptive options. Multicultural surveys demonstrate the willingness of men to participate in contraception and their female partners to trust them to do so. Notwithstanding their paucity of options, male methods including vasectomy and condoms account for almost one third of contraceptive use in the United States and other countries. Recent international clinical research efforts have demonstrated high efficacy rates (90–95%) for hormonally based male contraceptives. Current barriers to expanded use include limited delivery methods and perceived regulatory obstacles, which stymie introduction to the marketplace. However, advances in oral and injectable androgen delivery are cause for optimism that these hurdles may be overcome. Nonhormonal methods, such as compounds that target sperm motility, are attractive in their theoretical promise of specificity for the reproductive tract. Gene and protein array technologies continue to identify potential targets for this approach. Such nonhormonal agents will likely reach clinical trials in the near future. Great strides have been made in understanding male reproductive physiology; the combined efforts of scientists, clinicians, industry and governmental funding agencies could make an effective, reversible, male contraceptive an option for family planning over the next decade. PMID:18436704

  15. Endometriosis in the male.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, J D; Hauck, A E

    1985-07-01

    An 83-year-old man with an endometrioma of the lower abdominal wall has been reported. This occurred following the administration of 25 mg of TACE for a period of about 10 years for what was thought to be carcinoma of the prostate. A second transurethral resection done by Dr. R. C. Thompson proved to be adenocarcinoma. Subsequent to this he was continued on TACE. A review of the more commonly accepted theories of the development of endometriosis in the female has been presented. It is pointed out that the separation between the male and female urogenital systems occurs in the embryo between the eighth week and the fourth month. There is always a possibility for remnants of the opposite sex to remain in individuals. No such was seen in the case which is herein reported. Normal phenotype male was demonstrated in the chromosomal evaluation. A review of the literature on endometriosis in the male reveals several cases which have occurred; the origin of which is though to be from the prostatic utricle which is a remnant of the uterus existing in the male. After a prolonged course the patient reported was followed until he died in 1979. There was no recurrence of the abdominal wall mass but persistent low grade carcinoma of the prostate remained. The terminal process was related to cardiovascular disease and not carcinoma of the prostate. There was delay in publication of this unusual case. The original plan was to await final confirmation of the exact pathologic nature of this condition; unfortunately this was never done since a postmortem examination was not performed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  16. Male Body Contouring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Babu; Keaney, Terrence; Rossi, Anthony M

    2015-09-01

    Men are increasingly turning to dermatologists and plastic surgeons to request procedures that correct or enhance physical features. With the advent of this emerging new patient population, alterations in preexisting aesthetic techniques, gender-specific uses of existing devices and overall approaches need to be revisited and adapted to obtain results that are suitable for the male patient. Recently, body contouring has become one of the most sought out procedures by men. Although the majority of clinical studies involving body contouring esthetics are performed with female patients, gains from such studies can be extrapolated to men. Body contouring can be broadly classified as non-invasive or invasive, depending on the modality used. Non-invasive contouring is most frequently performed with devices that target subcutaneous adipose with focused electrical or thermal energy, including low-level laser, cryolipolysis, ultrasonography, and radiofrequency. Invasive body contouring modalities useful for male body contouring include liposuction, pectoral and abdominal wall etching, jawline fillers, synthetic deoxycholic acid injections, and solid silicone implants. The purpose of this review is to bring attention to the unique aspects, strategies, and modalities used in aesthetic body contouring for the male patient.

  17. Gender-disturbed males.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, S B

    1993-01-01

    Adolescent and adult cross-dressing or "transvestism" is the most common antecedent behavioral pattern among those who request sex reassignment surgery. Transvestites are actually a diverse group of men who differ in their gender identities, orientation, and intention. They do, however, have in common a soothing image of themselves as women. Because of this, whether cross-dressing occurs among masculine or feminine males or heterosexuals, homosexuals, bisexuals, or asexuals, or among those with paraphilia, the behavior should be considered the expression of their consciously felt femininity. The confusing differences among cross-dressing males may be explained by their diversity along three dimensions: 1) the ambition for heterosexual intercourse; 2) the natural history of their sexual arousal to female clothing; 3) their current capacity to integrate their masculine and feminine strivings into separate compartments. When cross-dressers give up all vestiges of male gender role behaviors and successfully live and work full time as women, the appropriate descriptive term for them becomes "transsexual."

  18. [What is professionalism?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohbu, Sadayoshi

    2012-01-01

    What is a profession? According to Cruess, it is an occupation whose core element is work that is based on the mastery of a complex body of knowledge and skills. It is a vocation in which knowledge of some department of science or learning, or the practice of an art founded on it, is used in the service of others. Its members profess a commitment to competence, integrity, morality, altruism, and the promotion of the public good within their domain. These commitments form the basis of a social contract between a profession and society, which in return grants the profession autonomy in practice and the privilege of self-regulation. Although medical professionals share the role of healer, there are wide variations between individuals. Professionalism is the basis of medicine's contract with society. Public trust is essential to that contract, and public trust depends on the integrity of both individual professionals and the whole profession. The introduction to this important symposium includes definitions of professions and of medical professionalism. It also includes discussions of reciprocal altruism, conflicts of interest in medical societies, the theory of cognitive dissonance, and the moral foundations of professionalism.

  19. Prevalencia de genotipos del virus del papiloma humano de alto riesgo no vacunables dentro del programa de Detección Precoz de Cáncer de Cérvix en Cantabria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Paz-Zulueta

    2016-06-01

    Conclusiones: Atendiendo al alto porcentaje de VPH de alto riesgo oncogénico no vacunable, habría que replantear la estrategia de prevención en la población, que podría tener una falsa sensación de protección.

  20. Evaluación de la exposición a selenio en Los Altos de Jalisco, México Evaluation of the exposure to selenium in Los Altos de Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Hurtado-Jiménez

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Evaluar la exposición a selenio (Se vía agua potable en los habitantes de Los Altos de Jalisco. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se determinó la concentración de Se en 125 pozos y se estimaron los niveles de exposición a Se en bebés, niños y adultos. RESULTADOS: La dosis de exposición y la ingestión de Se vía agua potable variaron en los siguientes rangos: a bebés: 1.3-6.7 µg/kg/d y 12.6-67.2 µg/d; b niños: 0.8-4.5 µg/kg/d y 16.8-89.6 µg/d; c adultos: 0.6-3.0 µg/kg/d y 33.6-179.2 µg/d. CONCLUSIONES: En este caso, la exposición a Se representa un riesgo potencial para la salud de la población, ya que en la mayoría de los casos es mayor que la recomendada por organismos internacionales de salud. Sin embargo, no es tan alta como para esperar la ocurrencia de selenosis.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the exposure to selenium in drinking water in Los Altos de Jalisco (Jalisco State Heights. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The concentration of selenium was determined in 125 water wells, and the exposure doses to selenium were estimated for babies, children and adults. RESULTS: The estimated values of the exposure doses to selenium and total intake of selenium were in the following ranges, respectively: (a babies: 1.3-6.7 µg/kg/d and 12.6-67.2 µg/d; (b children: 0.8-4.5 µg/kg/d and 16.8-89.6 µg/d, (c adults: 0.6-3.0 µg/kg/d and 33.6-179.2 µg/d. CONCLUSIONS: The estimated exposure levels to selenium were higher than those recommended as optimum by international health organizations, representing a potential health risk. Nevertheless, estimated values are not high enough to produce selenosis.

  1. Tobacco planters and collectors in the Alto Paraná colonization of Misiones (1930-1946 Tabacaleros y acopiadores en la colonización del Alto Paraná Misionero (1930-1946

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Cecilia Gallero

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available During the settler expansion between the decades 1920-1930 in the Alto Paraná of Misiones, the tobacco was for German-Brazilian settlers a product to obtain monetary incomes and for their own consum. The aim of this paper is to analyze the link between producers and collectors of tobacco, trying to identify the conflicting elements of this relationship (disputes over the classification and the product price. The heuristic work focused on Johann Company, the company's largest collectors of Puerto Rico Colony and the only one that keeps the records since its beginings (1929. The product their collected the most time was tobacco (1929-1985, and in descending order of importance their also collected tung, cassava starch and lard. Throughout the book collection of tobacco sales it is showed both sides of the production of tobacco: tobacco producers and collectors. This information has been enriched by interviews with key informants.Durante la expansión colonizadora de las décadas de 1920-1930 en el Alto Paraná Misionero, el tabaco fue para los colonos alemanes-brasileños un cultivo destinado a la obtención de ingresos monetarios y bienes de consumo. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el vínculo entre productores y acopiadores de tabaco, tratando de identificar los elementos conflictivos de esta relación (disputas por la clasificación y el precio del producto. El trabajo heurístico se focalizó en la Compañía Johann, la empresa acopiadora más grande de la colonia Puerto Rico y la única que mantiene los registros desde su creación (1929. El producto que acopió por más tiempo fue el tabaco (1929-1985, y en orden de importancia decreciente también acopiaron tung, almidón de mandioca y grasa de cerdo. A través de los libros de acopio y de venta de tabaco enfardelado se da vida a las dos caras de la producción del tabaco: los productores tabacaleros y los acopiadores. Dicha información ha sido enriquecida con entrevistas a

  2. El entrenador de alto nivel en triatlón: entorno próximo y cualidades fundamentales para el rendimiento. (High level triathlon coach: close environment and basic performance qualities.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Ruiz Tendero

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLa figura del entrenador de alto nivel (E.A.N. en triatlón y su entorno apenas ha sido estudiada, y sin embargo puede estar ejerciendo una gran influencia sobre el microsistema deportivo. Estudiar este microsistema es el objetivo del presente estudio en función de los siguientes factores: interacción con sus deportistas, objetivos deportivos, grado de satisfacción con diferentes agentes del entorno (triatletas, otros entrenadores, federaciones y club, ámbito laboral, nivel académico y entorno familiar. Además, se pretende conocer qué cualidades atribuibles a un buen entrenador de alto nivel en triatlón son las mejores valoradas por los propios entrenadores. En este estudio participan 14 entrenadores españoles de alto nivel en activo (uno menos que el universo de la muestra objeto. Todos ellos hombres (edad media= 37,43 años ±7,27. El diseño de investigación descriptivo-cuantitativo utiliza el cuestionario como instrumento. El cuestionario fue pasado en periodo no competitivo por el mismo investigador mediante entrevistas personales mayoritariamente, o de forma telemática en su defecto. Los resultados muestran que el triatlón de alto nivel español se rige por un sistema centralizado en centros de rendimiento. La presencia del entrenador en las competiciones (sólo uno acudía a todas no supone un factor determinante del rendimiento. El ratio número de atletas de alto nivel por entrenador es de 3,71(+3,04 y el ratio total contando con otros triatletas de diferente nivel es de 8 (±4,78, adecuado para las condiciones actuales pero mejorable en el alto nivel. El nivel académico de los E.A.N. es muy bueno y específico a su labor deportiva. La cualidad confianza para el diálogo personal (4,69 sobre 5 resulta ser la más valorada por parte de los propios entrenadores, anteponiendo el plano personal al deportivo.AbstractNot much attention has been paid to the high level coach (H.L.C. in triathlon and his environment; however

  3. Globalisation, economics and professionalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Chay-Hoon; Macneill, Paul

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an analysis of the effect of globalisation and attendant economic factors on the global practice of medicine, medical education, medical ethics and medical professionalism. The authors discuss the implications of these trends, citing case scenarios in the healthcare insurance, medical tourism, pharmaceutical industries, and the educational systems as well as in clinical practice, to illustrate the impact of globalisation and economics on professionalism. Globalisation, on the one hand, offers benefits for the global practice of medicine and for medical education. On the other, globalisation can have negative effects, particularly when the main driver is to maximise profitability across national boundaries rather than concern for human well-being. Appraising the effect of globalisation on professionalism involves assessing its effects at the intrapersonal, interpersonal, and institutional levels, and its effect on society at large.

  4. Professional Silverlight 4

    CERN Document Server

    Beres, Jason; Rader, Devin

    2010-01-01

    Everything .NET developers need to take advantage of Silverlight 4. Silverlight 4 is a major new release of Microsoft's flagship product for building rich, interactive applications that combine animation, graphics, audio, and video. This book, by seasoned Wrox authors and Silverlight experts, gives professional Web developers all the tools necessary to build RIAs using the new Silverlight capabilities. You will gain a complete, thorough understanding of both core and advanced platform concepts, with examples in both C# and VB.NET. Professional Silverlight 4 prepares Web developers to take

  5. Effective professional networking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goolsby, Mary Jo; Knestrick, Joyce M

    2017-08-01

    The reasons for nurse practitioners to develop a professional network are boundless and are likely to change over time. Networking opens doors and creates relationships that support new opportunities, personal development, collaborative research, policy activism, evidence-based practice, and more. Successful professional networking involves shared, mutually beneficial interactions between individuals and/or individuals and groups, regardless of whether it occurs face to face or electronically. This article combines nuggets from the literature with guidance based on the authors' combined experience in networking activities at the local, national, and international levels. ©2017 American Association of Nurse Practitioners.

  6. Australian health professionals' health website recommendation trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usher, Wayne T

    2011-08-01

    This study was concerned with indentifying motivations and trends associated with a health website recommendation from eight of Australia's major health professions to the health consumer. Health professions included in this study are: psychiatrists, general practitioners, social workers, dietitians, chiropractors, physiotherapists, optometrists and pharmacists. An online survey (www.limesurvey.org) was developed from a common set of questions negotiated between all eight health professions. Survey questions were constructed in an attempt to identify participants' reasons for or against recommending a health website to a patient. A 5-point scale (not, slightly, neutral, moderately, strongly) to measure influence was used throughout the question set. This study indicates that Australian general practitioners (GPs) were the highest Australian health professionals to undertake a health website recommendation (86%), followed by psychiatrists (80%), with the lowest being physiotherapists (42%) and optometrists (33%). A profile of the Australian health professional who recommends a health website is identified as male, aged above 50 years, has had more than 10 years experience, works in a major city, is in private practice and has patient numbers exceeding 500 in a 12-month period (2009). Recommendations from this study include the need to develop mechanisms that identify high-quality online medical information and the development and implementation of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) courses which up-skill health professionals concerning the recommendation of health websites for health care delivery.

  7. Evidencias paleoclimáticas en asentamientos del Alto Piura durante del período Intermedio Temprano

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    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available EVIDENCES PALEOCLIMATIQUES SUR DES SITES DU HAUT PIURA AU COURS DE LA PREMIERE PERIODE INTERMEDIAIRE. Ce travail présente les évidences géomorphologiques observées dans les fouilles archéologiques de Vicús, Haut Piura (1987-1990. Il s’agit, en général, d’altérations causées probablement par des pluies d’intensités diverses qui font penser que l’humidité était plus importante qu’aujourd’hui. Trois événements d’importance sont à détacher : le plus ancien, probablement du 4ème siècle ap. J.C., provoque des dommages importants dans l’architecture et anticipe des changements culturels significatifs qui débouchent sur l’introduction de l’architecture en briques et les éléments de style mochica 2 le suivant a des effets similaires, et même plus percutants et précède une diminution notable des évidences dans l’occupation de la zone. Ensuite, il n’y a pas d’évidences claires de présence mochica. Certains indices permettent de le situer au 6ème siècle ap. J.C. 3 Le troisième est plus récent et précède une occupation Chimú-Inca. Se presenta las evidencias geomorfológicas observadas en las excavaciones arqueológicas llevadas a cabo en Vicús, Alto Piura (1987-1990. En su mayoría se trata de alteraciones probablemente causadas por precipitaciones de diferentes intensidades que hacen pensar en una humedad probablemente algo mayor que en la actualidad. Destacan tres eventos de mayor impacto: 1 El más temprano, probablemente del cuarto siglo d.C., causa daños importantes en la arquitectura y antecede a cambios culturales significativos que llevan a la introducción de la arquitectura de adobes y elementos del estilo Mochica 2 el siguiente tiene efectos similares o aún más impactantes y antecede a una disminución notable de evidencias de ocupación de la zona después de este evento ya no hay evidencias claras de presencia mochica hay algunos indicios que permiten ubicarlo en el sexto siglo d.C. 3 El

  8. Simwe model application on susceptibility analysis to linear erosion: a case study in Alto Douro wine region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, Joana; Bateira, Carlos; Soares, Laura; Faria, Ana; Moura, Rui; Gonçalves, José

    2016-04-01

    The wine production in Alto Douro Wine Region - one of the world's oldest regulated and demarcated wine region - is based on a slope system organized in agricultural terraces once supported exclusively by dry stone walls. It has been undergoing the necessary changes for the introduction of technological innovations partially associated to the mechanization of vineyards work. In this sense, different forms of terrain framing have been implemented, namely the substitution of stone walls by earth embankments. This evolution raises a group of problems related to the hydric soil erosion and landscape preservation, since Alto Douro Wine Region is classified as UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2001. The study area is mostly occupied by vineyards planted in the agriculture terraces without continuous vegetation, the flow proceeds superficially influenced by the weak infiltration capacity and hydraulic conductivity. So, because of this conditioning factor the erosive features present non-significant depth, and the length thereof is limited essentially by the slope of the land, where was registered 64 gullies and 78 rills This paper focuses on the evaluation of susceptibility to linear erosion, through the application of SIMWE (SIMulated Water Erosion), (Mitas and Mitasova, 1998), using a digital elevation model, with pixel of one square meter of spatial resolution, created through detail aerial photographs, (side pixel of 50 cm), submitted to automatic stereo-correlation procedures in Agisoft PhotoScan software. The results provided by the model are compared with hydrological characteristics of the soil, (infiltration capacity, and hydraulic conductivity), soil texture, and soil structure parameters (identified by electrical resistivity measurement) where obtained from field monitoring. This approach demonstrates an association between the spatial distribution of erosive features with high values of soil saturation, and reduced water discharge (10-110 cm3/s), that are

  9. Collaborative Professional Learning: Contributing to the Growth of Leadership, Professional Identity and Professionalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colmer, Kaye

    2017-01-01

    This article contributes to understanding of professionalism in early childhood education and argues that in working to implement a mandated curriculum framework, professional identity and professionalism can be enhanced. While primarily focused on examining the nature of leadership practice during professional development and learning to…

  10. Are professional drivers less sleepy than non-professional drivers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anund, Anna; Ahlström, Christer; Fors, Carina; Åkerstedt, Torbjörn

    2018-01-01

    Objective It is generally believed that professional drivers can manage quite severe fatigue before routine driving performance is affected. In addition, there are results indicating that professional drivers can adapt to prolonged night shifts and may be able to learn to drive without decreased performance under high levels of sleepiness. However, very little research has been conducted to compare professionals and non-professionals when controlling for time driven and time of day. Method The aim of this study was to use a driving simulator to investigate whether professional drivers are more resistant to sleep deprivation than non-professional drivers. Differences in the development of sleepiness (self-reported, physiological and behavioral) during driving was investigated in 11 young professional and 15 non-professional drivers. Results Professional drivers self-reported significantly lower sleepiness while driving a simulator than non-professional drivers. In contradiction, they showed longer blink durations and more line crossings, both of which are indicators of sleepiness. They also drove faster. The reason for the discrepancy in the relation between the different sleepiness indicators for the two groups could be due to more experience to sleepiness among the professional drivers or possibly to the faster speed, which might unconsciously have been used by the professionals to try to counteract sleepiness. Conclusion Professional drivers self-reported significantly lower sleepiness while driving a simulator than non-professional drivers. However, they showed longer blink durations and more line crossings, both of which are indicators of sleepiness, and they drove faster.

  11. Esporte de alto rendimento: produção social da modernidade - o caso do vôlei de praia High performance sports: a social production of modernity - the beach volleyball model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marília Maciel Costa

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available O estudo, inicialmente, apresenta a inserção do esporte nos tempos modernos com o objetivo de resgatar e discutir a estruturação da produção do esporte de alto rendimento no Brasil. A modalidade vôlei de praia serviu de modelo empírico e procurou-se verificar, durante o levantamento dos dados coletados, a forma e os valores que predominavam no ambiente social em que se desenvolvia essa modalidade. Para isso, foram focalizadas as relações que se processavam no decorrer de sua estruturação e procurou-se verificar o grau de influência que elas sofreram diante das mudanças estruturais capitalistas e de novas situações conjunturais. Concluiu-se que o vôlei de praia brasileiro, na verdade, mesmo apresentando problemas inerentes à própria condição de esporte de alto rendimento, e diante das muitas adversidades que enfrenta no cenário social nacional, tem ocorrido com base nos valores ditados pelo "profissionalismo", suplantando os valores de uma cultura "amadorística" e tradicional, predominante no universo esportivo nacional.The study examines sports in modern times. The objective of this was to retrieve and discuss the structuring of high performance sports production in Brazil. Beach volleyball served as a model. During the data collection process, aim was made to ascertain the forms and values that are predominant in the social environment of beach volleyball. For this, focus was placed on the relationships that developed during the structuring process and attempt was made to verify how such relationships were influenced by the capitalist-structural changes and the new settings that resulted therefrom. The study concluded that despite having problems that are inherent to the sport's being highly performance-oriented, and in light of many adversities faced in the national scenario, Brazilian beach volleyball is based on the values dictated by professionalism that overcome values of the amateur-like and traditional culture that

  12. Gynecomastia in Adolescent Males

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemaine, Valerie; Cayci, Cenk; Simmons, Patricia S.; Petty, Paul

    2013-01-01

    Gynecomastia is defined as an enlargement of the male breast. It is often benign, and can be the source of significant embarrassment and psychological distress. A general medical history and careful physical examination are essential to distinguish normal developmental variants from pathological causes. Treatment is geared toward the specific etiology when identified. In the majority of cases of pubertal gynecomastia, observation and reassurance are the mainstays of therapy as the condition usually resolves naturally. Pharmacological treatment and surgery are recommended only in selected cases. PMID:24872741

  13. Chemical and mineralogical characterization of elbaites from the Alto Quixaba pegmatite, Seridó province, NE Brazil

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    Ana C.M. Ferreira

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The Alto Quixaba pegmatite, Seridó region, northeastern Brazil, is a 60º/80ºSW-trending subvertical dike discordantly intruded into biotite schists of the Upper Neoproterozoic Seridó Formation. It has three distinct mineralogical and textural zones, besides a replacement body that cuts the pegmatite at its central portion and in which occur, among other gem minerals, colored elbaites. Elbaites usually occur as prismatic crystals, elongate according to the c-axis, with rounded faces and striations parallel to this axis. Optically, crystals are uniaxial negative with strong pleochroism; refractive index extraordinary axis = 1.619-1.622 and ordinary axis = 1.639-1.643, birefringence between 0.019 and 0.021, average relative density of 3.07, and the following unit cell parameters: ao = 15.845 Å, co = 7.085 Å and V = 1540.476 Å. There is alkali deficiency in the X site of 12-17%. The elbaites are relatively enriched in MnO (1.69 to 2.87% and ZnO (up to 2.98%.O pegmatito Alto Quixaba na região do Seridó, nordeste do Brasil, é um corpo subvertical de direção 60°/80°SW intrudindo discordante biotita xistos da Formação Seridó. Apresenta três zonas distintas em termos de mineralogia e textura, al��m de uma zona de alteração em forma de dique na qual ocorre, entre outros minerais-gema, elbaítas coloridas. As elbaítas ocorrem como cristais prismáticos alongados de acordo com o eixo C, com faces arredondadas e estrias paralelas a esse eixo. Os cristais são uniaxiais negativos e apresentam forte pleocroísmo; índices de refração nE = 1,619-1,622 e nO = 1.639-1.643, birrefrigência entre 0,019 e 0,021, densidade relativa de 3,07, e os parâmetros seguintes da célula unitária: ao = 15,845 Å, co = 7,085 Å e V = 1540,476 Å. O sítio X apresenta deficiência em álcalis entre 12 e 17%. As elbaítas são relativamente ricas em MnO (1,69 a 2,87% e ZnO (até 2,98%.

  14. Reactividad y propiedades mecánicas de escoria de alto horno activada por álcalis

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    Escalante-García, J. I.

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Investigations were carried out to characterize the reactivity and mechanical properties in blast furnace slag pastes activated by 5 alkali systems such as NaOH, waterglass and combinations of Na2CO3, Na2SO4 y Ca(OH2 in concentrations of 5%. Cubes of 5cm were prepared and cured under water for up to 120 days at 20 and 60°C. The highest compressive strengths were noted for the waterglass activation, followed by one of the combination of 3 compounds, while NaOH activation resulted in the lowest strengths. Increased temperatures favored the strength for the waterglass activation, outperforming those of the Portland cement paste used as control at all times, whereas it had a negative effect for all other activations. The reactivity of the systems, as obtained by measurements of non evaporable water and selective chemical dissolution, indicated that the slag is more reactive under the NaOH activation. Scanning electron microscopy by means of backscattered electrons confirmed the different reactivities and the mechanical properties observed.

    Se realizaron estudios de caracterización de reactividad y propiedades mecánicas en pastas de escoria de alto horno activada por 5 sistemas alcalinos como NaOH, vidrio soluble y combinaciones de Na2CO3, Na2SO4 y Ca(OH2 en concentraciones de 5%. Se prepararon cubos de 5cm por lado y se curaron durante 120 días a 20 y 60°C bajo agua. Los valores mas altos de resistencia mecánica fueron registrados por el sistema de escoria activada con vidrio soluble, seguido por una de las combinaciones de 3 reactivos químicos, mientras que el desarrollo de propiedades mecánicas fue más pobre con la activación por NaOH. El aumento en la temperatura de curado favoreció la resistencia a la compresión de escoria con vidrio soluble, superando a la del cemento Portland a todos los tiempos de curado; para los otros sistemas el incremento de la temperatura de curado resultó perjudicial. En contraste con las

  15. Nuevo modelo matemático para la distribución de carga en el horno alto

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    Jiménez, J.

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available A mathematical model for burden distribution in the blast furnace, has been developed. A set of operational variables related with the charging system (Paul Wurth plus other parameters related with the burden itself, such as ore and coke repose angles, weights discharged and the effect of the uprising gas, have been taken into account. These data are processed by modern computer tools. As a result, the burden distribution inside the blast furnace is obtained. Every time that a charge is added to the blast furnace, the model updates the burden distribution. The approach employed is based on considering each burden layer described by a set of interrelated polynomials. It has been tested comparing its results with burden layers obtained in a physical model of the blast furnace (scale 1/10. After installation in Aceralia blast furnace B control computers, the model is currently being employed as a tool for process control.

    El modelo matemático desarrollado describe la distribución de carga en el tragante de un horno alto. Se ha empleado un conjunto de variables operacionales relacionadas con el sistema de carga (Paul Wurth, junto con otras obtenidas de la carga, tales como el peso descargado, los ángulos de reposo de los materiales y el efecto del gas al atravesar el horno. Estos datos se procesan mediante herramientas informáticas. Como resultado, se obtiene la distribución de carga en el horno. Cada vez que se introduce una carga, el modelo actualiza la distribución. La aproximación empleada considera el perfil de cada capa de carga, el cual está descrito por un conjunto de polinomios interrelacionados. Los resultados se comparan con la distribución obtenida en un modelo físico del horno (escala 1/10. Tras su instalación en los ordenadores de proceso del horno alto B de Aceralia, el modelo se emplea actualmente para el control del mismo.

  16. Linguagem de programação JULIA: uma alternativa open source e de alto desempenho ao MATLAB

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    João Marcello Pereira

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available O MATLAB® é um dos principais softwares utilizados nos cursos de ciências exatas e de engenharia para o ensino de programação numérica e pesquisa científica, em função de sua sintaxe de alto nível e dos diversos toolboxes do seu amigável ambiente de programação. Apesar das muitas vantagens, é um software proprietário que apresenta um alto custo de aquisição para as instituições de ensino e uso individual. Além disso, possui código fonte fechado e os programas nativos “.m” não são plenamente compatíveis em outros ambientes de programação com suporte a esse formato de arquivo. Embora existam softwares livres e open source com relativa semelhança de IDE (Integrated Development Environment ou Ambiente de Desenvolvimento Integrado e sintaxe de código, muitos desses softwares apresentam baixo desempenho computacional em relação ao MATLAB®. Dessa forma, o objetivo no presente trabalho é apresentar a linguagem de programação Julia, como alternativa ao MATLAB®, no ensino de programação numérica e simbólica, bem como de pesquisa científica. Neste trabalho são comparadas as características das duas linguagens de programação, sendo apresentado um benchmark entre as linguagens em que se avaliam o tempo de execução e os resultados dos cálculos. Para isso, foram implementados em JULIA e em MATLAB® os algoritmos Série de Fibonacci Recursiva e Gráfico 2D dos polinômios de Berstein e, ainda, utilizadas as funções nativas de cálculo simbólico, algébrico e equação diferencial numérica Runge-Kutta 45.

  17. Crecimiento del maíz en vertisoles con alto aluminio en la Baixada Maranhense pre-Amazonia, Brasil.

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    Alessandro Costa-da Silva

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el crecimiento del maíz en suelos con alto contenido de aluminio. Se midió el efecto del Al3+ en raíces y la cantidad de materia seca (raíz, hoja y tallo de maíz. Se efectuó la caracterización físico-química de cuatro muestras de suelo con alto aluminio colectadas del horizonte Ap, en tres municipios de la región conocida como Baixada Maranhense (Pre-Amazonia, Brasil: Santa Rita (SR, Arari (AR y Vitoria do Mearim (VM y un testigo colectado en el municipio de São Luís, Área del Núcleo de Tecnología Rural (T. El estudio, ejecutado en 2009, se llevó a cabo en invernadero y se utilizó 2 dm3 de suelo por maceta. Asimismo las muestras fueron divididas en muestras con y sin fertilización. La variación en la longitud de la raíz y de materia seca de las hojas difirió significativamente entre tratados con y sin fertilizante, excepto en la muestra de la localidad T. La producción de materia seca de raíz, tallo y hoja fue mayor en todos los suelos cuando se fertilizó. El suelo testigo también superó a todos los demás en cuanto a producción de materia seca en la raíz, posiblemente como resultado de una menor cantidad de Al3+ (1,2 cmolc/dm3 en comparación con los suelos SR, AR y VM (6,8; 8,0 y 7,0 cmolc/dm3 respectivamente. Se concluye la fertilización reduce el efecto detrimental del aluminio en la producción de maíz en la Baixada Maranhense.

  18. Efecto de un programa de estiramientos activos en jugadoras de fútbol sala de alto rendimiento

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    Francisco Ayala

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este estudio fue determinar la progresión de la flexibilidad isquiosural a través del rango de movimiento (ROM de la flexión de cadera antes (línea base de la flexión de cadera, duración 6 semanas, durante (efecto de un programa de estiramientos, duración 8 semanas y después (mantenimiento de la flexibilidad, duración 4 semanas de un programa de estiramientos activos de 8 semanas en jugadoras de alto rendimiento de fútbol sala. Material y método: 10 jugadoras de fútbol sala de alto rendimiento adultas jóvenes completaron este estudio. Un diseño longitudinal, temporal, ininterrumpido de medidas repetidas fue utilizado. Todas las jugadoras llevaron a cabo un programa de estiramientos de 8 semanas. El test unilateral de elevación de la pierna recta fue empleado para evaluar el ROM de la flexión de cadera a las 0, 2, 4 y 6 semanas antes del programa de estiramientos, durante el programa de estiramientos, semanas 2, 4, 6 y 8; y a las 2 y 4 semanas después del cese del programa de estiramientos. Resultados y conclusiones: el análisis de la fase inicial reveló que la línea base del ROM de la flexión de cadera tenía una tendencia irregular, con valores máximos de la flexibilidad isquiosural tanto positivos como negativos. El programa de estiramientos activos de 8 semanas aumentó el ROM de la flexión de cadera un 25,96±8,76%. Cuatro semanas después del cese del programa de estiramientos, el ROM de la flexión de cadera mostró un descenso significativo del 7,9%.

  19. Centro astronómico de Calar-Alto Almería – España

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    Margarit, Salvador

    1980-08-01

    Full Text Available The Basic Agreement of Cooperation in Scientific Research and Technological development signed by the Spanish and West German governments in 1970, served as a framework for the agreement signed in 1972 by the National Astronomical Commission and the Max-Planck Society, for the setting up of the «Spanish-German Astronomical Centre». Construction work was started in 1973 on the Calar-Alto (2,168 m, the highest point in the Sierra de los Filabres in the province of Almería. At present the last of the domed buildings, which is intented to accommodate a 3.5 m diameter Telescope and should go into operation in 1983, is at the completion stage. By this date all work will have been completed, with four domed buildings for telescopes of different sizes and the buildings for laboratory, living quarters, services and workshops needed for the use of the scientific instruments. The 1.52 m diameter National Astronomical Observatory telescope has been installed in a separate building beside the infrastructure of the Spanish-German Astronomical Centre.

    El Convenio Básico de Cooperación en la Investigación Científica y en el Desarrollo tecnológico suscrito entre los gobiernos de España y de la República Federal de Alemania en 1970, sirvió de marco para el acuerdo firmado en 1972 entre la Comisión Nacional de Astronomía y la Sociedad Max-Planck, para el establecimiento del «Centro Astronómico» Hispano-Alemán. En 1973 se iniciaron los trabajos de Obras en Calar-Alto (2.168 m cota máxima de la Sierra de los Filabres en la provincia de Almena. Actualmente se halla en fase de terminación el último de los edificios de Cúpula destinado a albergar un Telescopio de 3,5 m de diámetro y cuya puesta en servicio se prevé en 1983. Para entonces quedará culminada la realización completa con cuatro edificios de Cúpula para telescopios de diferentes tamaños y las edificaciones destinadas a laboratorio, residencia, viviendas, servicios y

  20. Aplicabilidade do Brums: estados de humor em atletas de voleibol e tênis no alto rendimento

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    Tatiana Marcela Rotta

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: Os estados de humor são indicadores que auxiliam sobremaneira o rendimento e a prevenção da saúde do atleta. Objetivo: Analisar a aplicabilidade do instrumento BRUMS na avaliação do perfil de estados de humor em atletas de alto rendimento do sexo masculino, de voleibol n=59 e tênis n=69. Métodos: comparar as variáveis independentes: modalidade esportiva (voleibol e tênis; tempo de prática no alto rendimento (até 2 anos; mais de 2 anos e categorias de idade (jovens e adultos com as variáveis dependente do perfil de humor (tensão, depressão, raiva, vigor, fadiga e confusão mental. O estudo causal-comparativo, utilizou, para coleta de dados, o instrumento BRUMS, validado no Brasil, com participação das autoras desse estudo. Resultados: Ao executar a MANOVA, foram verificadas diferenças entre as modalidades (F=4,289/ p=0,001; Hotellings's Trace = 0,216 e tempo de prática (F=5,845/ p<0,001; Hotelling's Trace = 0,295 no vigor. A modalidade versus tempo de prática apresentou significância na interação das duas variáveis (p=0,003, em torno de 7% da variância. Também na variável tensão p=0,05 (voleibol vs. tempo de prática, na variável raiva p=0,001 (voleibol vs. categoria de idade. No tênis, a depressão p=0,001, raiva p=0,04 e confusão mental p< 0,02 com médias maiores em adultos e mais experientes. Conclusão: A modalidade foi responsável por 11% da alteração no perfil de humor (p=0,001.

  1. Armonización entre proceso de aprendizaje y práctica deportiva en universitarios deportistas de alto nivel

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    Pedro R. Álvarez Pérez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se ha centrado en el análisis de las dificultadesque los estudiantes universitarios deportistas de alto nivel encuentran para conciliar su proceso formativo con la práctica deportiva de alta competición. Sin una ayuda adecuada para gestionar la alternancia de esta doble actividad, muchos de estos estudiantes pueden verse abocados a situaciones de estrés, fracaso oabandono de los estudios o del deporte. Por eso, el objetivo de la investigación se orientó al diagnóstico de lascondiciones bajo las cuales se lleva a cabo el proceso de aprendizaje de estos estudiantes deportistas y la evaluación de las necesidades que tienen para compaginar el proceso formativo con la práctica deportiva. Se siguió un método descriptivo y exploratorio, empleándose diferentes estrategias de corte cualitativo: una entrevista en profundidad con los 16 estudiantes deportistas de alto nivel reconocidos por el Consejo Superior de Deportes y matriculados en diversas titulaciones de la Universidad de La Laguna durante el curso 2009-2010 y un grupo de discusión con 8 informantes críticos cuya actividad profesional estaba vinculada a la formación y la práctica deportiva. Después del proceso de análisis de contenido,esencialización y categorización de las proposiciones de respuesta ofrecidas por los participantes, los resultados pusieron de manifiesto que son diversas las variables que condicionan el desarrollo paralelo de estas dos actividades (tiempo, motivación, exigencias formativas, etc.. Del estudio se deriva la necesidad de tener en cuenta la realidad personal de estos estudiantes, introduciendo medidas de apoyo y adaptando la enseñanza a su situación y a sus necesidades específicas para el desarrollo en paralelo de la actividad deportiva y académica.

  2. Demographic, health services and socio-economic factors associated with pulmonary tuberculosis mortality in Los Altos Region of Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nájera-Ortiz, J C; Sánchez-Pérez, H J; Ochoa-Díaz, H; Arana-Cedeño, M; Lezama, Ma Salazar; Mateo, M Martín

    2008-08-01

    Chiapas is one of the Mexican states having the highest rates of Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB), due to the numerous factors impeding its management and control (poverty, poor housing and nutrition, shortage of health resources, among others). To analyse the PTB mortality of a cohort of patients in Los Altos Region of Chiapas, who had been diagnosed with PTB from January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2002; and, to identify demographic, socioeconomic and health services utilization factors, associated with death from PTB. Analysis of a cohort of patients aged over 14 years diagnosed with PTB in the above mentioned period (n = 431) in Los Altos region of Chiapas. The records of the Tuberculosis Programme were reviewed, and patients were located through a search attempting to locate them in their homes. Those found alive were interviewed and asked to provide sputum samples. In the case of deceased patients, a verbal autopsy was obtained from a member of their family. The records of the PTB Programme in the area were incomplete and erroneous in many cases. The results of the home follow-up visits were: 208 (48%) patients located alive, five of whom were still PTB positive (three with multi-drug resistance); 145 (34%) could not be located and 78 (18%) had already died. Apparently, in at least 40 cases, the deaths were associated with PTB. Of these forty, 33 (83%) died without having received any medical care. The factors associated with dying from PTB were: 45 and over years of age (OR = 1.3; 95% CI = 0.98-1.3), 0-3 schooling years (OR = 3.3; 95% CI = 1.1-9.6), engaged in agriculture (OR = 2.2; 95% CI = 1.1-4.4), not living in main villages of their municipality (OR = 1.2; 95% CI = 1.0-1.3), living in a rural community (OR = 2.7; 95% CI = 1.1-6.8), not having been treated in DOTS (OR = 1.2; 95% CI = 1.0-1.3) and having defaulted from treatment (OR = 11.5; 95% CI = 5.3-24.8). The high rate of mortality due to PTB observed constitutes a serious public health problem deserving

  3. OBTENÇÃO DE BARRAS DE CEREAIS DE CAJU AMEIXA COM ALTO TEOR DE FIBRAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LUíSA HELENA ELLERY MOUR�O

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available

    As barras de cereais vêm apresentando crescimento constante junto ao público consumidor. Considerando o crescimento do segmento de barras de cereais no setor de alimentos este trabalho teve como objetivos desenvolver barras de cereais de caju ameixa com alto teor de fi bras utilizando ingredientes funcionais e matéria-prima regional; inovar no uso de ingredientes não utilizados nas formulações convencionais; realizar análises físicas, físicoquímicas e químicas e avaliar as propriedades nutricionais. Formulou-se dois tipos de barras, (F1 e (F2 a partir de uma formulação básica (FB. A FB foi processada utilizando-se aveia, fl ocos de arroz, leite em pó desnatado, açúcar mascavo, glucose de milho, gordura vegetal hidrogenada, canela, lecitina de soja e fl ocos de milho. As formulações F1 e F2 diferiram da FB nas concentrações dos ingredientes, na adição de linhaça, de caju ameixa, de castanha de caju, na substituição da gordura vegetal hidrogenada por óleo de canola e na retirada dos fl ocos de milho. A FB resultou 94,39 kcal e F1 e F2 em 95,69 kcal e 101,06 kcal respectivamente em 25g utilizando os coefi cientes de ATWATER. A modifi - cação dos ingredientes provocou aumento signifi cativo no teor de fi bra alimentar tornando as barras F1 e F2 produtos com alto teor de fi bra alimentar (10,58g e 12,69g/100g, respectivamente. Conclui-se que as barras de cereais F1 e F2 podem ser indicadas para indivíduos com constipação intestinal, dislipidemias e sobrepeso. Além disso, ambas poderiam ser enquadradas no conceito de alimento funcional, devido ao fato de conterem um maior teor de fi bras dietéticas que contribuem para a manutenção da boa saúde.

  4. Relación entre factores micro- estructurales e impacto repetido en aleaciones de alto cromo para bolas de molino.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Albertin

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Las aleaciones de alto cromo son empleadas para la fabricación de bolas de molino en industrias de procesamiento de minerales. Los usuarios y fabricantes requieren lograr mejores resultados técnicos-económicos en sus aplicaciones, por lo que necesitan aumentar los conocimientos relacionados con los aspectos estructurales de estos materiales. En este trabajo se realiza una investigación con vistas a establecer relaciones entre la estructura de las aleaciones y su comportamiento ante el impacto repetido que es un fenómeno característico en estos procesos. Se funden bolas con varias aleaciones hipo eutécticas, eutécticas, e hipereutécticas; se prueban en un equipo que simula el impacto repetido. Los resultados permiten comprobar los buenos resultados de aleaciones hipo eutécticas con relaciones de Cr/C altas y a su vez altos contenidos de Cr y de aleaciones eutécticas para menores relaciones de Cr/C y menores contenidos de Cr, en ambos casos los carburos eutécticos son de forma simétrica, regulares y no forman redes continuas de carburos asimétricos bordeando los granos, que presentan peores comportamiento en el impacto repetido y que son el caso de las hipoeutécticas con bajas relaciones Cr/C y las hipereutécticas donde aparecen también grandes carburos primarios.High Chromium alloys are used to manufacture grinding balls for the Industry of Construction Materials. Customers and users need to improve their knowledge about the relationships between microstructure and the parts damage in these alloys to obtain better technical-economics results. In this paper the results of a research to obtain different microstructures of eutectics, hipoeutectics and hipereutectics alloys are presented, searching for the lesser damage in these alloys. These alloys are tested in a repeated impact testing machine that simulate its mechanical behaviour .The results show a good behaviour for hipoeutectic alloys with high relations of Cr/C and high

  5. The geomechanical characterization of the rocky mass foundation of the Tijuco Alto hydroelectric power plant, Ribeira River, Sao Paulo/Parana States, Brazil; Caracterizacao geomecanica do Macico de Fundacao da UHE Tijuco Alto (Rio Ribeira - SP/PR)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueiredo, Amarilis Lucia Casteli de

    1996-07-01

    This work has as its main objective the geomechanical characterization on the future rocky mass foundation of the Tijuco Alto dam, sited at the Ribeira river, in the cities of Ribeirao, Sao Paulo state and Adrianopolis, Parana state, Brazil, owned by the Companhia Brasileira de Aluminio (Brazilian company of Aluminium). To reach that target, field studies were made to qualify the geotechnical parameters of the rocky mass, in the axis area open galleries. It was also used in situ deformability and stress test results performed in those galleries, that were reinterpreted for a better adaptation of the mass values. The knowledge of the mass inherent characteristics together with the laboratories test results, allowed for the geomechanical classification applications in several different gallery sectors. The geomechanical data obtained allowed through mathematical expressions, to reach the rocky mass values correlations of interest to the work (deformability and strength), that could be compared to the in situ test results. That analysis permitted, besides the classification critical system evaluation, the geomechanical characterization of the rocky mass, focusing its ability to the dam arch construction. (author)

  6. Selection of sweet potato clones for the region Alto Vale do Jequitinhonha Seleção de clones de batata-doce para a região do Alto Vale do Jequitinhonha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valter C de Andrade Júnior

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available An experiment was carried out from December 2005 to July 2006, in the Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM, in Diamantina, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, aiming at selecting sweet potato clones for the Alto Vale do Jequitinhonha. We evaluated nine clones from the UFVJM germplasm bank, using cultivars Brazlândia Branca, Brazlândia Roxa, and Princesa as controls. The experimental design was blocks at random, with four replications. Plants were harvested seven months after transplanting. We assessed the fresh mass yield of vines and roots, as well as root shape and resistance to soil insects. Genotypes did not differ from each other for the fresh mass yield of vines (ranging from 3.81 to 11.76 t ha-1. The total yield of roots ranged from 22.0 to 45.4 t ha-1 and clones BD-06, BD-113-TO, BD-15, BD-38, BD-25, BD-61, and cultivar Princesa had statistically the highest figures. However, only clone BD-06 significantly overcame the control cultivars Brazlândia Branca and Brazlândia Roxa. Clone BD-06 had also the highest commercial yield of roots (38.58 t ha-1, statically similar to most of the other clones and cultivar Princesa (25.87 t ha-1, but superior to cultivars Brazlândia Branca and Brazlândia Roxa. Most of the clones tested, including clone BD-06, produced good shaped roots and were resistant to soil insects. Considering our results, clone BD-06 stood out as a good option for growing sweet potato in the Upper Valley of Jequitinhonha.Com o objetivo de selecionar clones de batata-doce para a região do alto Vale do Jequitinhonha, conduziu-se um experimento de dezembro de 2005 a julho de 2006, no CampusJK da Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, UFVJM, município de Diamantina-MG. Foram avaliados nove clones de batata-doce pertencentes ao banco de germoplasma da UFVJM, juntamente com as cultivares Brazlândia Branca, Brazlândia Roxa e Princesa, utilizadas como testemunhas. O delineamento experimental

  7. HPV Vaccination of College Males: Strategizing against HPV Infection in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham-Erves, Jennifer; Talbott, Laura L.

    2015-01-01

    The disease burden of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) among females and its associated sequelae have been widely studied by social and behavioral science researchers and medical professionals. Approved for administration to males as young as nine years old, the vaccination of males continues to spark much debate when older age groups are brought…

  8. Perceptions of Male and Female STEM Aptitude: The Moderating Effect of Benevolent and Hostile Sexism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reilly, Erin D.; Rackley, Kadie R.; Awad, Germine H.

    2017-01-01

    This study investigated evaluations and advice communicated to male and female technology interns experiencing work difficulties, using a 2 (workplace issue: ability or interpersonal) ×2 (intern gender: male vs. female) between-subjects experimental design. Technology professionals rated hypothetical interns on competence, qualifications,…

  9. Promoting Financial Literacy and Latino Males' Success at Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salinas, Cristobal, Jr.; Hidrowoh, Jacob R.

    2018-01-01

    Latino males across the country enroll in community colleges with the purpose of obtaining an educational degree, which could lead to accomplishing professional and personal aspirations. Even if Latino male students enroll in post-secondary education, they continue to be disenfranchised, vanished, and often rejected through the higher education…

  10. Filling the Educator Pipeline: Recruiting Male Family and Consumer Sciences Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godfrey, Roxie V.; Manis, Kerry T.

    2017-01-01

    To encourage males to enter the teaching field, specifically in family and consumer sciences (FCS), FCS professionals should participate in recruitment initiatives aimed at males. Administrators, teacher educators, career counselors, and FCS teachers can play a significant role in this comprehensive and systematic effort. This paper adopts the…

  11. Teaching practice and the personal and socio-professional ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 22 ... problem”; not only because student teachers learn to teach by drawing on a ... Educational research is essentially concerned with exploring and ... phase starts once student teachers graduate; then all professional .... determined by means of a closed question in the questionnaire), gender (female and male),.

  12. Professionalism and professional quality of life for oncology nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Insil; Kim, Yuna; Kim, Kyunghee

    2016-10-01

    To identify the relationship between professionalism and professional quality of life among oncology nurses working at tertiary hospitals in Korea. Oncology nurses are combined with core competencies and qualities required in cancer patient care. Professionalism that means compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue is a main concept in problem-solving strategies as motivation. Their satisfaction is representative of professionalism and professional quality of life. However, little research has focused on professionalism and professional quality of life. A cross-sectional study with self-administered questionnaires. A total of 285 nurses from two tertiary hospitals were included. Data collection was undertaken using Korean version of professionalism scale derived from the Hall Professional Inventory Scale and professional quality of life. Data were analysed by spss 21.0 for Windows Program using t-test, anova, and multiple regression. The mean score of professionalism in oncology nurses was 77·98 ± 7·31. The mean professional quality of life score for compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and secondary traumatic stress was 33·84 ± 5·62, 28·38 ± 5·36 and 28·33 ± 5·48. Compassion satisfaction was affected by factors of professionalism with an explanatory power of 49·2%. Burnout and secondary traumatic stress were affected by factors of professionalism with an explanatory power of 39·3% and 4·8%. The higher the professionalism leads to the higher the compassion satisfaction, the lower the compassion fatigue. The relationship between professionalism and professional quality of life for a health work environment requires further investigation. Our study supports the idea that enhancing professionalism can increase professional quality of life. It is necessary to develop professionalism by recognised qualifications and applied rewards in advanced nursing organisational culture. Furthermore, compassion satisfaction is increased by

  13. Developing professional competence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of university programs for professionals is to qualify the students to act competently in a subsequent job situation. Practical experiences as well as comprehensive research studies have shown that only a limited part of what is learned during the coursework is applied in the subsequent...

  14. Professionalizing Intelligence Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James B. Bruce

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the current state of professionalism in national security intelligence analysis in the U.S. Government. Since the introduction of major intelligence reforms directed by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act (IRTPA in December, 2004, we have seen notable strides in many aspects of intelligence professionalization, including in analysis. But progress is halting, uneven, and by no means permanent. To consolidate its gains, and if it is to continue improving, the U.S. intelligence community (IC should commit itself to accomplishing a new program of further professionalization of analysis to ensure that it will develop an analytic cadre that is fully prepared to deal with the complexities of an emerging multipolar and highly dynamic world that the IC itself is forecasting. Some recent reforms in intelligence analysis can be assessed against established standards of more fully developed professions; these may well fall short of moving the IC closer to the more fully professionalized analytical capability required for producing the kind of analysis needed now by the United States.

  15. Improving Teacher Professionalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultheis, Robert A.

    1979-01-01

    A teacher who feels secure, wanted, and recognized by the administration and the community, who is provided with adequate working conditions, including small classes and effective work space, and who is supported and encouraged to travel, study, and experiment is likely to behave in a highly professional manner and be very productive. (LRA)

  16. Communicating with Professionals

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Support for Heart.org Professional for Heart.org Research for Heart.org Educator for Heart.org CPR & ... by the American Heart Association, based on scientific research and American Heart Association guidelines. Use this link ...

  17. The Chimera of Professionalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Bonnie R.

    1980-01-01

    Much of what passes for professionalism is self-serving elitism and not relevant to librarianship. Librarians, most of whom are women, should continue to improve service to the public and strive by pragmatic means to overcome low pay and status. (RAA)

  18. Whistleblowing and Professional Responsibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bok, Sissela

    1980-01-01

    Individuals who would blow the whistle by making public disclosure of impropriety in their own organizations face choices of public v private good. These dilemmas, along with institutional and professional standards that might ease the way of whistleblowers, are explored. (Author)

  19. Police Attitudes and Professionalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loftus, Joseph; Price, Keith

    2016-01-01

    This quantitative study utilized Richard H. Hall's attitudinal attributes of a professional using a Likert scale. The survey was administered to officers in two similar mid-sized police departments. The first agency had 650 officers, while the second had 350 officers. Agency One requires all applicants to possess a bachelor's degree, while Agency…

  20. Educators and Professional Organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clavier, David E.; Wright, Donald K.

    1982-01-01

    A survey of 173 public relations educators reported, among other results, that almost 90 percent felt membership in their professional organization was important and over 75 percent suggested a need for financial relief to combat cost of membership. For journal availability, see CS 705 902. (PD)

  1. The New Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Ronald, Ed.; Osterman, Paul, Ed.

    A national movement of new professionals is growing in America; major professions such as medicine, law, religion, education, politics, and business are being radically changed. United by a network of publications and new organizations, the movement is devoted to social change, client control, and anticredentialism. It is geared to: professionals…

  2. Professional Competence Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGaghie, William C.

    1991-01-01

    Examines the evaluation and certification processes in law, medicine, teaching, the military, and other professions and discusses the shortcomings common to all. Cites Everett Hughes's assertion that a professional is one who routinely deals with other people's emergencies; notes that this capacity is difficult to assess. (DM)

  3. Definition of Professional Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Learning Forward, 2015

    2015-01-01

    President Obama signed into law the Every Student Succeeds Act, the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, on December 10, 2015. "Learning Forward's focus in this new law is its improved definition of professional learning," said Stephanie Hirsh, executive director of Learning Forward. "We've long advocated…

  4. Communicating with Professionals

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to follow-up with your medical team. You can help improve the care you receive at follow-up ... you (or your professionals) want. Simple communication skills can help you get what you need – over the phone, ...

  5. Communicating with Professionals

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... your next appointment . Healthcare professionals talk about why good communication is important A patient describes how he prepares for ... Care of Yourself - Introduction - Coping With Feelings - Reducing Stress - Quitting Smoking ... 8 Low Blood Pressure - When Blood Pressure Is Too Low 9 Tachycardia | Fast Heart Rate 10 ...

  6. Storytelling and Professional Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doecke, Brenton

    2015-01-01

    This essay explores the role that storytelling might play in the professional learning of English teachers. It begins by reflecting on the ways that stories shape our everyday lives, and then considers how the meaning-making potential of storytelling might enable us to gain insights into our work as educators. This is in contradistinction to the…

  7. High grade primary adrenal intravascular large B-cell lymphoma manifesting as Addison disease Linfoma intravascular de alto grado de células B grandes y origen suprarrenal que se manifiesta en forma de enfermedad de Addison

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Venizelos

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available We report a rare case of a 68 aged male who presented with adrenal failure and was diagnosed of high grade large B-cell lymphoma primarily arising in the adrenal glands. The patient was administrated with additional chemotherapy but he passed away 7 months later due to infection in the lungs. Intravascular lymphoma should be suspected in patients with bilateral adrenal masses who present with rapidly progressive adrenal insufficiency.Publicamos el caso poco frecuente de un varón de 68 años de edad que debutó con insuficiencia adrenal y fue diagnosticado de linfoma de alto grado de células B grandes ubicado principalmente en las glándulas suprarrenales. Al paciente le administraron quimioterapia adicional, pero falleció 7 meses después de infección pulmonar. El linfoma intravascular debe sospecharse en los pacientes con masas suprarrenales bilaterales que presenten insuficiencia adrenal rápidamente progresiva.

  8. Experiencing Male Infertility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esmée Hanna

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the qualitative research literature that exists in relation to men’s experiences of male infertility. Since men have often been marginalized in the realm of reproduction, including academic research on infertility, it is important to focus on any qualitative research that gives voices to male perspectives and concerns. Given the distress documented by studies of infertile women, we focus in particular on the emotive responses and lived experiences of men in relation to infertility. In this article then, we present an analysis of the core themes across 19 qualitative articles, which include “infertility as crisis”; “emoting infertility- men as “being strong”’ “infertility as a source of stigma”; and the “desire for fatherhood.” In light of these insights, we identify key areas for future research and development including men’s emotional responses to infertility, how men seek support for infertility, the intersection between masculinity and infertility, the relationship between the desire to father and infertility, and the outcomes of infertility for men in terms of other aspects of their lives. We suggest that such research would facilitate making the experiences of men more central within our understandings of infertility within a field that has primarily been female focused.

  9. Imaging of male urethra

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pavlica, Pietro; Barozzi, Libero; Menchi, Ilario

    2003-01-01

    The male urethral imaging and pathology is not widespread in the radiology literature because this part of the urinary tract is easily studied by urologists with clinical or endoscopic examinations. Ultrasonography and MR imaging are increasingly being used in association with voiding cystourethrography and retrograde urethrography. The posterior urethra is being studied with voiding cystourethrography or voiding sonography which allows the detection of bladder neck pathology, post-surgical stenosis, and neoplasms. The functional aspects of the bladder neck and posterior urethra can be monitored continuously in patients with neuromuscular dysfunction of the bladder. The anterior urethral anatomy and pathology is commonly explored by retrograde urethrography, but recently sonourethrography and MR imaging have been proposed, distending the lumen with simple saline solution instead of iodinated contrast media. They are being used to study the urethral mucosa and the periurethral spongy tissue which can be involved in the urethral pathologies such as strictures, diverticula, trauma, and tumors. Imaging has an important role to play in the study of the diseases of the male urethra since it can detect pathology not visible on urethroscopy. The new imaging techniques in this area, such as sonography and MR, can provide adjunct information that cannot be obtained with other modalities. (orig.)

  10. Male breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrando, F.; Vidal, M.A.; Caballero, A.J.; Martinez, A.; Lluch, A.

    1997-01-01

    To analyze the radiological and ultrasonographic signs that contribute to the diagnosis of male breast cancer to establish its differential diagnosis with regard to the most common pathologies involving the male breast. We studied 14 patients diagnosed as heaving breast cancer over the past 23 years. We reviewed their medical records, personal and familial history disease, use of pharmacological agents and the mammographic and ultrasonographic findings. The literature on this subject was also reviewed. Given the fact that his lesion is rare and unexpected in men, a large percentage of the cases, especially those studied in the early years of the study period, involved very advanced stages of the disease at diagnosis. The most common clinical finding was retroarelar mass. Mammography usually reveals a well.defined mass and ultrasound shows a well-defined, hypoechoic, heterogeneous mass. The most frequent histological type is, an in women, the infiltrating ductal carcinoma. A palpable breast mass in a man should suggest possible malignant disease. Thus, mammographic and ultrasonographic studies should be performed early, accompanied, if necessary, by aspiration biopsy; with these measures the prognosis may approximate that of women. (Author) 21 refs

  11. Imaging of male urethra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pavlica, Pietro [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Hospital M. Malpighi, Via Palagi 9, 40138 Bologna (Italy); Barozzi, Libero [Department of Emergency Radiology, Hospital S. Orsola-Malpighi, 40138 Bologna (Italy); Menchi, Ilario [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Hospital S. Maria Nuova, 55100 Florence (Italy)

    2003-07-01

    The male urethral imaging and pathology is not widespread in the radiology literature because this part of the urinary tract is easily studied by urologists with clinical or endoscopic examinations. Ultrasonography and MR imaging are increasingly being used in association with voiding cystourethrography and retrograde urethrography. The posterior urethra is being studied with voiding cystourethrography or voiding sonography which allows the detection of bladder neck pathology, post-surgical stenosis, and neoplasms. The functional aspects of the bladder neck and posterior urethra can be monitored continuously in patients with neuromuscular dysfunction of the bladder. The anterior urethral anatomy and pathology is commonly explored by retrograde urethrography, but recently sonourethrography and MR imaging have been proposed, distending the lumen with simple saline solution instead of iodinated contrast media. They are being used to study the urethral mucosa and the periurethral spongy tissue which can be involved in the urethral pathologies such as strictures, diverticula, trauma, and tumors. Imaging has an important role to play in the study of the diseases of the male urethra since it can detect pathology not visible on urethroscopy. The new imaging techniques in this area, such as sonography and MR, can provide adjunct information that cannot be obtained with other modalities. (orig.)

  12. Sexual Selection on male cuticular hydrocarbons via male-male competition and female choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, S M; Dickinson, A W; Tregenza, T; House, C M

    2016-07-01

    Traditional views of sexual selection assumed that male-male competition and female mate choice work in harmony, selecting upon the same traits in the same direction. However, we now know that this is not always the case and that these two mechanisms often impose conflicting selection on male sexual traits. Cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) have been shown to be linked to both social dominance and male attractiveness in several insect species. However, although several studies have estimated the strength and form of sexual selection imposed on male CHCs by female mate choice, none have established whether these chemical traits are also subject to sexual selection via male-male competition. Using a multivariate selection analysis, we estimate and compare sexual selection exerted by male-male competition and female mate choice on male CHC composition in the broad-horned flour beetle Gnatocerus cornutus. We show that male-male competition exerts strong linear selection on both overall CHC abundance and body size in males, while female mate choice exerts a mixture of linear and nonlinear selection, targeting not just the overall amount of CHCs expressed but the relative abundance of specific hydrocarbons as well. We discuss the potential implications of this antagonistic selection with regard to male reproductive success. © 2016 The Authors. Journal of Evolutionary Biology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Society for Evolutionary Biology.

  13. Aspectos Morfológicos e Relação Estrutura-Propriedades de Poliestireno de Alto Impacto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grassi Vinícius G.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A tenacificação da matriz vítrea de poliestireno (PS pela adição de borracha polibutadiênica, que tem como conseqüência um aumento de sua resistência ao impacto, origina um polímero com características singulares, o Poliestireno de Alto Impacto (HIPS. Durante a polimerização in situ de estireno em uma solução de borracha, ocorre a formação de cadeias graftizadas de poliestireno no polibutadieno, as quais aumentam a interação interfacial borracha-PS. O HIPS é um material com ampla aplicação na indústria de embalagens e, principalmente, em gabinetes de refrigeradores, a chamada linha branca. O objetivo deste artigo é destacar e discutir as características estruturais e morfológicas do HIPS e a implicação destas na determinação de suas propriedades. Também foram revisadas as técnicas comumente utilizadas na caracterização morfológica e estrutural do HIPS.

  14. ALTO DÉFICIT DE CONOCIMIENTOS Y PERCEPCIONES ADECUADAS SOBRE ALIMENTACIÓN EN GESTANTES DEL HOSPITAL APOYO IQUITOS, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Paima

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Los conocimientos y percepciones sobre los alimentos ingeridos en la gestación tienen una vital importancia porque dependiendo de una buena alimentación en esta etapa, periodo en el que se incrementan notablemente las necesidades nutritivas para el beneficio del binomio madre – feto, será de mayor ayuda para prevenir en cada nueva gestación un déficit nutricional. Se realizó un estudio de descriptivo y transversal, la población estuvo conformada por todas las gestantes que acudieron al servicio de control pre natal del Hospital Iquitos Cesar Garay García. La muestra fue de 220 gestantes se utilizó un cuestionario validado por expertos. Se evidenció un alto porcentaje de conocimiento deficiente (43% sobre alimentación y percepciones inadecuadas (65% sobre alimentación en las gestantes de nuestro estudio. Se evidencia la necesidad de mejorar  el conocimiento sobre los alimentos importantes para presentar una gestación saludable. 

  15. ALTO DÉFICIT DE CONOCIMIENTOS Y PERCEPCIONES ADECUADAS SOBRE ALIMENTACIÓN EN GESTANTES DEL HOSPITAL APOYO IQUITOS, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Paima

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Los conocimientos y percepciones sobre los alimentos ingeridos en la gestación tienen una vital importancia porque dependiendo de una buena alimentación en esta etapa, periodo en el que se incrementan notablemente las necesidades nutritivas para el beneficio del binomio madre – feto, será de mayor ayuda para prevenir en cada nueva gestación un déficit nutricional. Se realizó un estudio de descriptivo y transversal, la población estuvo conformada por todas las gestantes que acudieron al servicio de control pre natal del Hospital Iquitos Cesar Garay García. La muestra fue de 220 gestantes se utilizó un cuestionario validado por expertos. Se evidenció un alto porcentaje de conocimiento deficiente (43% sobre alimentación y percepciones inadecuadas (65% sobre alimentación en las gestantes de nuestro estudio. Se evidencia la necesidad de mejorar el conocimiento sobre los alimentos importantes para presentar una gestación saludable.

  16. Determinantes socioeconómicos del consumo en los estratos más altos de Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allan Hernández Chanto

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available La literatura económica sobre los determinantes del ingreso y el consumo ha estado orientada primordialmente a la medición de la pobreza, por lo que se insiste poco en cuáles son las capacidades y potencialidades que ostentan los individuos en los estratos sociales más altos. A partir de la Encuesta de Ingresos y Gastos 2004, recogida por el Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos de Costa Rica, se realiza un análisis de regresión logit ordenado del consumo de los hogares, sobre potenciales variables explicativas. Los resultados muestran que la educación es un factor importante para no ocuparse en los estratos más bajos de la distribución, pero no garantiza ubicarse en la clase rica; que la concentración de la riqueza se da en la zona urbana de la Región Central, y que la estructura del ingreso de las familias más ricas está determinado fuertemente por un componente de renta.

  17. ESTRUCTURA DE LA PROPIEDAD Y EVOLUCIÓN DE CULTIVOS EN UN MUNICIPIO DEL ALTO VINALOPÓ: SAX, 1761-1850

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Remedios Belando Carbonell

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available El término municipal de Sax, situado en la comarca del Alto Vinalopó, al NE de la provincia de Alicante, formó parte hasta 1836 del Reino de Murcia y, por tanto, de la Corona de Castilla. Este hecho, unido a su condición de municipio de realengo, en los lindes de una zona con predominio de régimen señorial, le confieren unas características propias y diferenciadas; se trata aquí de ponerlas de manifiesto en aquellos aspectos de Geografía Agraria relativos a la propiedad del su el o y a sus aprovechamientos. Para ello se parte del estudio de estas variables en los años centrales del siglo XVIII, aprovechando una fuente de gran valo r , el Catastro de Ensenada, para posteriorment e seguir su evolución comparando con otros documentos similares de mediados del siglo XIX. Así pues, estructura de la propiedad, distribución de cultivos, su localización en relación con las condiciones edafológicas y, finalmente, las técnicas empleadas en las labores agrícolas, constituyen los puntos básicos de este trabajo.

  18. Grupo Semco y las prácticas de recursos humanos de alto compromiso, una ventaja competitiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Nicolás Montoya Monsalve

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo de reflexión trata de determinar si las prácticas de recursos humanos orientadas a mejorar el compromiso de los empleados con la empresa reportan una identidad común y diferenciadora del resto de empresas, logrando de esta forma una ventaja competitiva. Además de la fundamentación teórica, para analizar el objetivo principal señalado se han utilizado elementos del método del caso, que ayudan a determinar nuevas variables de estudio y permiten comprobar si existen realidades empresariales que consigan alcanzar, a través de las prácticas de alto compromiso, un mejor desempeño y una mayor pertinencia con las organizaciones, y estudiar cómo lo han conseguido. En esta parte de análisis empírico, se analiza la organización Semco, una compañía brasileña que ha atraído el interés de los expertos por las innovadoras prácticas en la gestión del talento humano, su diseño organizativo y la generación de una identidad propia, como base de su ventaja competitiva.

  19. Concepciones de infancia en una escuela con altos índices de violencia escolar de estudiantes a profesores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Lorena Carrasco-Aguilar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A través de un estudio cuasietnográfico en una escuela primaria con altos índices de intimidación de los estudiantes hacia sus profesores, se busca analizar las concepciones de infancia implícitas en los discursos de la comunidad escolar y su sentido para la validación de prácticas e interacciones escolares violentas. Para ello, se realizaron observaciones persistentes, entrevistas individuales y grupales y análisis de documentos oficiales, los que fueron analizados bajo el análisis de contenido categorial temático. Los resultados muestran cómo la Escuela activa diversos mecanismos para validar la infancia como espacio de tránsito, y coloca como referente una forma de adultocentrismo que se expresa en prácticas de control y discriminación. Se discuten los sentidos construidos acerca de la niñez y sus implicancias para la construcción de subjetividades infantiles.

  20. PERDA UNIVERSAL DE SOLOS PARA A REGIÃO DO ALTO MÉDIO SÃO FRANCISCO - MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcílio Baltazar Teixeira

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available O principal objetivo deste trabalho foi buscar estimar a perda universal de solos em uma localidade situada na região do alto médio São Francisco, no Estado de Minas Gerais, combinando-se o uso dos Sistemas Informações Geográficas (SIG com modelo quantitativo da Equação Universal de Perdas de Solos (USLE. Neste caso esta localidade foi dividida em duas partes, e através da avaliação da degradação ambiental, estudou-se a parcela mais degradada, considerando, neste caso, a perda de vegetação nativa (cerrado como fator de distinção entre ambas as partes territoriais. Usando a ferramenta do software SPRING/INPE e o ArcGIS, estimou-se a perda de vegetação nativa ao longo dos anos de 1973/1975, 1984, 1993, 2003, 2007 e 2011 para logo em seguida determinar a localidade mais degradada (ou com menor quantidade de vegetação nativa. Após isto, estimou-se a perda universal dos solos para localidade estudada.

  1. Migración juvenil indígena y ejercicio sexual en los Altos de Chiapas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Reartes

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available La presente nota de investigación da cuenta de los principales resultados de una investigación socioantropológica que desarrollamos en los Altos de Chiapas (2007-2012 y que tuvo como preocupación central aproximarnos a analizar las implicaciones del proceso migratorio interno y/o internacional (a Estados Unidos de jóvenes mujeres y varones tsotsiles en el ámbito de la sexualidad y la reproducción. Se documenta cómo la migración se erige como un proceso de vital importancia en la colocación de estas y estos jóvenes en situaciones y contextos que condicionan sus recursos y capacidad de gestión para prevenir embarazos e infecciones de transmisión sexual, dependiendo de su condición de género, escolaridad, experiencia y situación migratoria.

  2. Wavelength calibration with PMAS at 3.5 m Calar Alto Telescope using a tunable astro-comb

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chavez Boggio, J. M.; Fremberg, T.; Bodenmüller, D.; Sandin, C.; Zajnulina, M.; Kelz, A.; Giannone, D.; Rutowska, M.; Moralejo, B.; Roth, M. M.; Wysmolek, M.; Sayinc, H.

    2018-05-01

    On-sky tests conducted with an astro-comb using the Potsdam Multi-Aperture Spectrograph (PMAS) at the 3.5 m Calar Alto Telescope are reported. The proposed astro-comb approach is based on cascaded four-wave mixing between two lasers propagating through dispersion optimized nonlinear fibers. This approach allows for a line spacing that can be continuously tuned over a broad range (from tens of GHz to beyond 1 THz) making it suitable for calibration of low- medium- and high-resolution spectrographs. The astro-comb provides 300 calibration lines and his line-spacing is tracked with a wavemeter having 0.3 pm absolute accuracy. First, we assess the accuracy of Neon calibration by measuring the astro-comb lines with (Neon calibrated) PMAS. The results are compared with expected line positions from wavemeter measurement showing an offset of ∼5-20 pm (4%-16% of one resolution element). This might be the footprint of the accuracy limits from actual Neon calibration. Then, the astro-comb performance as a calibrator is assessed through measurements of the Ca triplet from stellar objects HD3765 and HD219538 as well as with the sky line spectrum, showing the advantage of the proposed astro-comb for wavelength calibration at any resolution.

  3. Producción y consumo de mercancías turísticas en los Altos de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Bayona Escat

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad, los circuitos comerciales de las mercancías se han extendido a lo largo del planeta y los objetos que consideramos de facturación local se hallan insertados en un circuito comercial que se expande entre lo local y global. Sin embargo, lo característico de este proceso económico es que muchos de estos objetos se asocian a señas distintivas locales. El turismo es un contexto idóneo para analizar este tránsito de mercancías globales que se presentan con señas distintivas particulares e incitan al viajero a su compra para memorizar sus experiencias viajeras y autentificar su estancia. El texto analiza una zona turística que comercializa con la cultura indígena, la región Altos Tzotzil-Tzeltal de Chiapas (México, y examina cómo las mercancías turísticas que provienen de diversos orígenes se autentifican como locales, al mismo tiempo que indaga en las diferentes estrategias de comercialización que los productores y vendedores locales efectúan para incorporarse a la arena turística.

  4. Pesquerías globalizadas: revisitando a la comunidad marítima en el Alto Golfo de California

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    Gloria Ciria Valdéz-Gardea

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Puerto Peñasco, ubicado en el Alto Golfo de California, protagoniza las consecuencias de las transformaciones estructurales de las pesquerías en México. Esta área muestra las desarticulaciones provocadas por el crecimiento urbano y turístico que ha dejado marginada a la producción pesquera como actividad económica identitaria. El desarrollo turístico ha impactado diferencialmente a los pobladores más aún; las percepciones de estos impactos en la vida social, cultural y económica de los residentes son diversas. La antropología marítima presenta desafíos en el estudio de lo que llamo pesquerías globalizadas: espacios en transición, híbridos en donde se gestan entornos nuevos los cuales se circunscriben, se apropian y compiten por los espacios, paisajes y recursos naturales, vividos, sentidos y practicados tradicionalmente por los usuarios de los recursos: los pescadores.

  5. Formación de equipos de alto desempeño y estrategias gerenciales en proyectos de empresas publicitarias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROSA ESTHER PALAMARY D'AGUILLO

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente las empresas publicitarias se ven presionadas a competir en un entorno donde productos y estrategias se asemejan cada día más debido a la globalización. El éxito de estas empresas dependerá de la práctica de la innovación en sus actividades así como del desarrollo del capital humano. El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar la relación entre formación de equipos de alto desempeño y estrategias gerenciales en proyectos de empresas publicitarias; sustentada bajo una investigación descriptiva correlacional de campo transversal, con un diseño no experimental descriptivo transeccional. Se tomó como población a las empresas ubicadas en el municipio de Maracaibo (Venezuela pertenecientes a la Federación de Agencias Publicitarias. Los resultados obtenidos sirven para otras empresas que deseen asumir este reto.

  6. “Entre propietarios y migrantes: los encuentros y desencuentros entre Colonos y Aguarunas en el alto mayo”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth E. Garces Montes

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available La dinámica de conflictos entre colonos y nativos en el Alto Mayo, ha dado como producto continuosenfrentamientos entre caseríos de colonos y comunidades nativas colindantes, así como una seriede procesos judiciales por “usurpación de tierras”, en los cuales no se logra una ejecución efectiva dela sentencia a pesar que esta sea favorable a los nativos, debido a la distancia social que existe entrelos operadores estatales y el conflicto real. Por su parte los mecanismos de convivencia entre colonosy nativos se inician mediante el alquiler de tierras, diseñada como una fórmula temporal para quelos colonos se retiren una vez vencido el plazo del alquiler, sin embargo la ampliación de los plazosprovoca que los mismos adquieran vocación de permanencia.Una serie de actores, de primer, segundo y tercer orden interactúan alrededor de las dos dinámicasde relacionamiento mencionadas; tales como las ONGs, el Estado, organizaciones indígenas, einclusive mafias de traficantes de tierras. Ante esta realidad tan compleja conviene hacer el ejerciciode plantear propuestas de adaptabilidad (o subsistencia de las comunidades nativas, en las quese visualice la supervivencia de lo local frente a lo global en lo que a demarcación de tierras de lascomunidades nativas se refiere.

  7. Occupational causes of male infertility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Jens P E

    2013-01-01

    To highlight and discuss the new evidence on occupational and environmental risk to male reproductive function.......To highlight and discuss the new evidence on occupational and environmental risk to male reproductive function....

  8. Attitudes toward Professional Psychological Help Seeking in South Asian Students: Role of Stigma and Gender

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, Prerna G.; Metz, Kristina; Carlson, Cindy I.

    2016-01-01

    This study examined (a) the roles of perceived and personal stigma on attitudes toward professional psychological help seeking and (b) the effects of these constructs across gender in South Asians. Personal stigma and being male was negatively associated with attitudes toward professional psychological help seeking; no difference in the…

  9. Gender Role Conflict, Professional Role Confidence, and Intentional Persistence in Engineering Students in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xueyan; Wang, Xinhong; Zhang, Lin; Weidman, John C.

    2017-01-01

    In the current study, the relationship between gender role conflict, professional role confidence, and intentional persistence was examined using data from a survey of male and female Chinese engineering students. Intentional persistence was significantly associated with gender role conflict and professional role confidence; however, the pattern…

  10. The Factors That Influence Bureaucracy and Professionalism in Schools: A Grounded Theory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koybasi, Fatma; Ugurlu, Celal Teyyar

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study is to identify the factors that influence the interaction between bureaucracy and professionalism in schools and to develop a model of bureaucracy-professionalism interaction. This is a qualitative study carried out in grounded theory model. The study group consisted of 10 male and 10 female teachers who were working in Sivas…

  11. Avaliação do estado nutricional e da composição corporal das crianças índias do Alto Xingu e da etnia Ikpeng Nutritional status and body composition of two South American native populations - Alto Xingu and Ikpeng

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulysses Fagundes

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Avaliar o estado nutricional e a composição corporal de crianças índias das populações alto-xinguana e Ikpeng, comparando as populações. MÉTODOS: Avaliamos 95 crianças do Alto Xingu e 69 Ikpeng com idades entre 24 e 117 meses. Obtivemos dados sobre idade, peso, estatura, pregas cutâneas, circunferência do braço e impedância bioelétrica. Calculamos escores z para peso, estatura e estimativas da composição corporal. Tendo como referência o NCHS 2000, determinamos diagnóstico de baixo peso e baixa estatura como sendo inferior a -2 escores z para os indicadores peso/idade ou índice de massa corporal/idade e estatura/idade, respectivamente. Para obesidade, o ponto de corte foi 2 escores do indicador índice de massa corporal/idade. As massas corporais magra e gordurosa foram calculadas a partir de duas equações validadas na literatura. RESULTADOS: Diagnosticamos baixa estatura em 8,4% das crianças do Alto Xingu e em 37,7% das Ikpeng (p OBJECTIVES: To assess the nutritional and body composition of two Brazilian indigenous populations by comparing their nutritional status. METHODS: 95 children from Alto Xingu and 69 from Ikpeng were evaluated, ages ranged from 24 to 117 months. The study was performed in the Xingu Indigenous Park. Data collected were: age, weight, height, skin folds, arm circumference, resistance and reactance. The z-scores were calculated and classified according to the parameters defined by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS 2000. Shortness was defined as length or stature below -2, underweight as body mass index below -2, and overweight as body mass index above 2. RESULTS: Among children from Alto Xingu, the prevalence of shortness was 8.4%, while among Ikpengs the prevalence was 37.7% (p < 0.001. Underweight was diagnosed in 12.5% of Ikpeng's children. Values of fat-free mass were greater for children from Alto Xingu and no case of obesity was found. CONCLUSION: In this study, Ikpeng

  12. Impact of experienced professionalism on professional culture in probation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Butter, R.; Hermanns, J.

    2011-01-01

    The level of work engagement is an important aspect of organizational culture. In this empirical study the relation between engagement and experienced professionalism of probation officers is investigated. Starting from ideal-typical theories on professionalism, a psychometric instrument for

  13. Análisis cualitativo de las implicaciones musculares de la escalada deportiva de alto nivel en competición. (Qualitative Study of high level sport climbing muscular involvement in competition.

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    Ana María de Benito

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación fue analizar las acciones musculares ejecutadas por los escaladores de alto nivel en competición. La muestra del estudio está compuesta por 72 varones (nivel técnico medio “a vista” 7C+/8A que participaron en las pruebas de Copa de España de Escalada de Dificultad de 2009 y 2010. Se registraron un total de 7.738 movimientos para su análisis. Se ha utilizado un método de observación validado previamente, siendo las variables de estudio: acción, posición corporal, extremidad ejecutante, tiempo empleado, zona temporal, inicio de movimiento, fin de movimiento y movimiento. Los resultados concluyen que los grupos musculares más importantes para los escaladores de alto nivel son, además de los músculos flexores del tronco, los extensores, aductores y extensores horizontales del hombro, los flexores y pronadores del codo, los extensores, aductores, abductores, rotadores internos y rotadores externos de la cadera y los extensores de rodilla. Ahora bien, el tipo de contracción muscular realizada por cada uno de ellos, dependerá del movimiento requerido. La información aquí presentada puede resultar de gran utilidad a la hora de planificar programas de entrenamiento más personalizados que mejoren el rendimiento del escalador.AbstractThe purpose of the current study was to analyse the muscular contractions carried out by the high level climbers in competition. The sample studied was made up of 72 male subjects (“on sight”-level 5.12c/5.13a who participated in the Spanish Climbing Cup of 2009 and 2010. 7738 movements were registered to analyse them. The observational model used was designed and validated through a previous study. Answer levels were: action, corporal position, limb, time, time zone, start of movement, end of movement and movement. The results obtained establish that the most important muscles for high level climbers are, apart from abdominal muscles, extensors, adductors and

  14. Sport and male sexuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sgrò, P; Di Luigi, L

    2017-09-01

    The relationships between sport and sexuality in males are of great social and clinical interest, because of sports and motor activities that highly promote social and sexual relationships. Even if few literature exist, two main questions should be taken into account: whether and how physical exercise and sport positively or negatively influence sexual health and behavior and/or whether and how sexual behavior may affect a sub-sequent sport performance. Physical exercise and sport per se can influence, positively or negatively, the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis function and, consequently, the individual's reproductive and/or sexual health. This depends on individual factors such as genetic and epigenetic ones and on different variables involved in the practice of sport activities (type of sport, intensity and duration of training, doping and drug use and abuse, nutrition, supplements, psychological stress, allostatic load, etc.). If well conducted, motor and sport activities could have beneficial effects on sexual health in males. Among different lifestyle changes, influencing sexual health, regular physical activity is fundamental to antagonize the onset of erectile dysfunction (ED). However, competitive sport can lead both reproductive and/or sexual tract damages and dysfunctions, transient (genital pain, hypoesthesia of the genitalia, hypogonadism, DE, altered sexual drive, etc.) or permanent (hypogonadism, DE, etc.), by acting directly (traumas of the external genitalia, saddle-related disorders in cyclists, etc.) or indirectly (exercise-related hypogonadism, drug abuse, doping, stress, etc.). Sexual activities shortly performed before a sport competition could differently influence sport performance. Due to the few existing data, it is advisable to avoid an absolute pre-competition sexual abstinence.

  15. Factors influencing professional life satisfaction among neurologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira-Poit, Stephanie M; Halpern, Michael T; Kane, Heather L; Keating, Michael; Olmsted, Murrey

    2017-06-19

    Predicted shortages in the supply of neurologists may limit patients' access to and quality of care for neurological disorders. Retaining neurologists already in practice provides one opportunity to support the overall supply of practicing neurologists. Understanding factors associated with professional life satisfaction (and dissatisfaction) and implementing policies to enhance satisfaction may encourage neurologists to remain in clinical practice. In this paper, we present results from the first study examining factors associated with professional life satisfaction among a large sample of U.S, neurologists. We collaborated with the AAN to survey a sample of U.S. neurologists about their professional life satisfaction. Analyses examined the association of physician and practice characteristics with aspects of professional life satisfaction, including satisfaction with their career in medicine, medical specialty, current position, relationship with colleagues, relationship with patients, work/life balance, and pay. The study population consisted of 625 neurologists. In multivariate regression analyses, no single group or population stratum indicated high (or low) responses to all aspects of satisfaction. Older neurologists reported higher satisfaction with career, specialty, and relationship with patients than younger neurologists. Female neurologists had significantly lower satisfaction with pay than male neurologists. Neurologists who spent more time in research and teaching had greater satisfaction with specialty, relationship with colleagues, and relationship with patients than those spending no time in research. Neurologists who practiced in small cities/rural areas reported lower satisfaction across multiple dimensions than those practicing in large urban areas. Neurologists in solo practice had greater satisfaction with the relationship with their patients, but lower satisfaction with pay. Satisfaction is a multidimensional construct that is associated with

  16. Conspiring fruitfully with professionals: New management roles for professional organisations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermaak, H.; Weggeman, M.C.D.P.

    1999-01-01

    Professionalism still is on the way up. However, the working methods of managers and professionals do not develop at the same pace. Professionals often seek out their workplace within an organisation but then proceed to act as soloists, which makes fragmentation, mediocrity and non-commitment the

  17. Secondary Professional Socialization through Professional Organizations: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, K. Andrew; Eberline, Andrew D.; Templin, Thomas J.

    2016-01-01

    Secondary professional socialization is a phase of occupational socialization theory that focuses on graduate education in preparation for a career in academia. Due to the need to present and publish research and make professional contacts, professional organizations likely serve an important socializing function during graduate education. The…

  18. The development of professional competence of future professional teachers

    OpenAIRE

    Muslimov Narzulla Alixanovich; Kadyrov Khayot Scharipovich

    2015-01-01

    This article outlines the elements of professional and personal, theoretical and practical components of pedagogical activities, serving the measure and method of creative self-realization of a professional education teacher in the resolution of various pedagogical situations aimed at professional competence development.

  19. STUDY OF INDICATORS OF AMYLOLYTIC ACTIVITY OF MOUTH FLUID OF DENTAL HEALTHCARE WORKERS UNDER VARIOUS CONDITIONS OF PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. V. Melnikova

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Amylolytic activity indicators of oral liquid of dentists in different conditions of professional activity at outpatient dental care and lectures have been studied. We observed an increase in amylolytic activity of oral liquid of dentists men and women after outpatient dental care, that indicates the activation of the sympathetic-adrenal system in response to the professional stress. We also identified the gender-specific response to the α-amylase load in professional dentists: male amylolytic activity of oral fluid was higher than female. In the group of male and female dentist cadets we registered the decrease of amylolytic activity of oral fluid. The correlation analysis revealed a negative relationship between the level of α-amylase and rigidity in a group of male dentists. We suggested that male dentists reduced their adaptation to the psychosocial conditions under job stress. Keywords: dentist, professional activity, professional stress, outpatient dental care, lectures, amylolytic activity of oral fluid.

  20. Environmental adaptation of the source of the subbasin of Rico Stream, Monte Alto - SP, Brazil Adequação ambiental da nascente da sub-bacia do Córrego Rico, Município de Monte Alto - SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa C. T. Pissarra

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to define the photographic patterns that represent the use and occupation of the landcover of the "spring" of the Rico Stream subbasin, located at Monte Alto, state of São Paulo (SP, Brazil, for environmental adaptation regarding the Brazilian Forest Law. The mapping was performed using remote sensing techniques and visual interpretation of the World View image, followed by the digitalization of the net of drainage and vegetation (natural and agricultural at the AutoCad software with documents and field work. The study area has 2141.53 ha and the results demonstrated that the main crop is sugarcane with 546.34 ha, followed by 251.22 ha of pastures, 191.71 ha of perennial crops, 57.31 ha of Eucalyptus and 49.52 ha of onion, confirming the advance of sugarcane culture in the region. The region has 375.04 ha of areas of permanent preservation (APPs, and of this area it was found that only 72.17 ha (19.24% has arboreal vegetation or natural forest, and 302.87 ha of these areas need to be enriched and reforested with native vegetation from the region, according to the current legislation. The data of the area enable future proposals of models for environmental adaptation to the microbasin according to the current environmental legislation.Este trabalho teve como principal objetivo definir padrões fotográficos que representem o uso e a ocupação do solo da "cabeceira" de drenagem do Córrego Rico, localizada no Município de Monte Alto, Estado de São Paulo, para fins de adequação ambiental no que tange à legislação florestal brasileira. O mapeamento foi realizado utilizando técnicas de sensoriamento remoto e interpretação visual da imagem World View, seguida da digitalização da rede de drenagem e vegetações (naturais e agrícolas no AutoCad, com auxílio de documentos e trabalho de campo. A área de estudo apresenta uma superfície de 2.141,53 ha, e os resultados permitiram constatar que a principal cultura

  1. Comportamiento de la violencia doméstica en mujeres pertenecientes al consultorio "Altos de Milagro" Behavior of the home violence in women from "Altos de Milagro" consulting room

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madeline Espinosa Morales

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la violencia doméstica, específicamente contra la mujer latinoamericana, se ha convertido en los últimos años en un serio problema médico, social y cultural, que exige una urgente atención integral de salud, lo que motivó a las autoras a desarrollar la investigación. Objetivo: determinar el comportamiento de la violencia doméstica en mujeres mayores de 15 años atendidas en el consultorio Altos de Milagro, en Maracaibo, Estado Zulia, Venezuela, entre diciembre de 2008 y diciembre 2009. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo para caracterizar el comportamiento de la violencia doméstica en el consultorio popular antes mencionado utilizando una encuesta elaborada por las autoras. Resultados: fueron atendidas 51 pacientes víctimas de violencia doméstica, con predominio de las edades entre 35 y 44 años (39,21 %. Resultaron ser acompañadas el 58,82 % y la totalidad de las pacientes sufrió violencia psicológica (100 %. La escolaridad primaria representó el 39,21 %, y 30 de las pacientes estudiadas pertenecen a familias grandes y extensas, con gran consumo de alcohol, para un 58,82 %. Se encontró, además, que más del 50 % de las estudiadas sufrió violencia doméstica, perteneciendo a la tercera-cuarta década de la vida, con bajo nivel intelectual. Conclusiones: predominó la violencia psicológica, las familias extensas y grandes, y en la mayor parte de estas el factor de riesgo más frecuente fue la ingesta de bebidas alcohólicas.Introduction: home violence specifically against the Latin American woman became in past years in a serious medical, social and cultural problem requiring an urgent integral health care, encouraging authors to develop present research. Objective: to determine the behavior of home violence in women aged over 15 seen in the "Altos de Milagro" consulting room in Maracaibo, Zulia State from December, 2008 to December, 2009. Methods: a retrospective and descriptive study

  2. Factores asociados a la colonización por Streptococcus del grupo B en mujeres embarazadas de Los Altos, Chiapas Factors associated with group B Streptococcus colonization in pregnant women of Los Altos, Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moisés Ocampo-Torres

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar la prevalencia de colonización por Streptococcus del grupo B (SGB en mujeres embarazadas de Los Altos, Chiapas, y analizar factores asociados a la misma. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Es un estudio transversal realizado de febrero a septiembre de 1999 en tres hospitales públicos de segundo nivel en San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas. A 910 mujeres que acudieron para atención de parto a dichos hospitales, se les tomaron muestras (vaginal y perianal para detección de SGB por cultivo e identificación de grupo y serotipo mediante aglutinación en látex. El análisis de factores asociados a la colonización se realizó medianteji² y modelos log-lineales. RESULTADOS: La colonización por SGB fue de 8.6% (IC 95% 6.8 - 10.5. Las mujeres con mayor probabilidad de colonización fueron las de > o = 5 embarazos, residentes de municipios marginados, de ocupación diferente al hogar y con jefe/jefa de familia agrícola (26.8%, RM= 7.25, IC 95% 1.83 - 28.67. CONCLUSIONES: Es necesario que las acciones para la prevención y control de infección por SGB se dirijan principalmente a la población de mayor riesgo de colonización en el área de estudio, con el fin de disminuir la transmisión perinatal de SGB.OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and analyze the factors associated with group B Streptococcus (GBS colonization in pregnant women of Los Altos, Chiapas, Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between February and September 1999, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 910 women who sought delivery care at three public hospitals of San Cristobal de Las Casas, Chiapas. Vaginal and perianal samples were taken for GBS detection by bacteriological culture. Identification of groups and serotypes was performed using latex agglutination. The analysis of factors associated with colonization was done using chi-squared tests and log-linear modeling. RESULTS: GBS colonization was found in 8.6% (95% CI 6.8 - 10.5 of study subjects. Women with the

  3. Condições de nutrição em crianças Kamaiurá: povo indígena do Alto Xingu, Brasil Central Nutrition status in Kamaiurá Indian children: Alto Xingu, Central Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenise Mondini

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve por objetivo avaliar o estado nutricional, incluindo a prevalência de anemia, de crianças Kamaiurá, povo indígena do Alto Xingu, Brasil Central. Foram estudadas 112 crianças menores de dez anos de idade em 2000/2001. O perfil do crescimento infantil foi descrito segundo a distribuição dos índices altura/idade e peso/altura expressos em escore-z da população de referência do National Center of Health Statistics - NCHS. Os diagnósticos de déficit de altura e da relação peso/altura e o diagnóstico de obesidade corresponderam, respectivamente, aos valores abaixo de -2 escores-z de altura/idade e peso/altura e aos valores acima de 2 escores-z de peso/altura. O diagnóstico de anemia foi determinado a partir de concentrações de hemoglobina sérica inferiores a 11 g/dl para crianças entre seis meses e cinco anos de idade e inferiores a 11,5 g/dl para as crianças com idade entre cinco e dez anos incompletos, conforme recomendação da OMS. Aproximadamente um terço das crianças apresentou déficit de crescimento, enquanto déficit de peso/altura e obesidade não foram diagnosticados entre elas. A anemia esteve presente em mais da metade das crianças índias estudadas, 15% delas apresentando anemia grave. Há necessidade de implementação de ações que visem a melhoria das condições socioambientais, de saúde e nutrição desse povo indígena.In order to evaluate nutritional and anemic status, 112 Indian children (Kamaiurá, aged from 0 to 119.9 months, from the Alto Xingu region of central Brazil were studied in 2000/2001. The international growth reference - NCHS was used to evaluate height and weight, according to the child's age and gender. Growth deficit (stunting and low weight status (wasting were determined when height-for-age and weight-for-height indices were below _2 z scores, respectively, and obesity status when the weight-for-height index was above 2 z scores. Stunting was observed in 1/3 of the

  4. Professional Sports Club

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miodrag Mićović

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available With regard to the organization of professional clubs, two models can be applied. According to the first model, clubs have the freedom to choose the organizational form (association or commercial company in which sports activities will be carried out. Second model imposes the requirement for the clubs to be organized in the form of commercial company, in one of the corporation forms, provided that it can be also specialized sports form. To the establishment and operation of sports associations, as sui generis commercial companies, apply more specific rules concerning: the conditions for the establishment of clubs; conditions for participation in professional and management bodies; prohibiting multiple ownership of sports clubs, i.e., prohibition of membership; allocation of net profit; control over the work of clubs; state aid (subsidies for the clubs.

  5. TÉCNICAS DE GEOPROCESSAMENTO PARA ANÁLISE MORFOMÉTRICA DA MICROBACIA DO RIBEIRÃO ALTO ÁGUA FRIA – BOFETE (SP / GEOPROCESSING TECHNIQUES TO MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF ALTO AGUA FRIA STREAM WATERSHED - BOFETE (SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.C. Nardini

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Técnicas de geoprocessamento foram realizadas para a caracterização morfométrica da microbacia do Ribeirão Alto Água Fria – Bofete (SP pelo Sistema de Informação Geográfica, visando à preservação, racionalização do seu uso e recuperação ambiental. A microbacia apresenta uma área de 4012,17 ha e está localizada entre as coordenadas geográficas: 22o 57’ 41” a 23o 02’ 42” S e 48o 11’ 29” a 48o 20’ 09” WGR.  A base cartográfica utilizada foi a carta planialtimétrica de Bofete (SP para extração das curvas de nível e hidrografia, para determinação dos índices morfométricos. Os resultados apresentaram que os baixos valores da densidade de drenagem, associados à presença de rochas permeáveis, facilitam a infiltração da água no solo, diminuindo o escoamento superficial e o risco de erosão e da degradação ambiental. Os baixos valores do fator de forma e do índice de circularidade indica que a microbacia tende a ser mais alongada com menor susceptibilidade à ocorrência de enchentes mais acentuadas. O parâmetro ambiental, coeficiente de rugosidade, permitiu classificar a microbacia para vocação com agricultura.

  6. {sup 222} Rn exposure assessment in the caves of Parque Estadual Turistico do Alto Ribeira (PETAR); Avaliacao da exposicao ao {sup 222} Rn nas cavernas do Parque Estadual Turistico do Alto Ribeira (PETAR)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alberigi, Simone

    2006-07-01

    In the present work, radon concentrations in six caves of PETAR - Parque Estadual Turistico do Alto Ribeira (High Ribeira River Touristic State Park) were carried out with Makrofol E solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTD) and used to assess the annual effective dose received by regional tour guides. The park has four visitation centers: Santana, Ouro Grosso, Caboclos e Casa de Pedra and receives nearly 40,000 people annually. The caves evaluated were Couto, Agua Suja, Laje Branca, Morro Preto and Santana, from Santana center and Alambari de Baixo from Ouro Grosso center, for being the most frequently visited caves. The exposure period of the SSNTD was, at least, three months, over a period of 26 months, from October 2003 to November 2005.The {sup 222}Rn concentrations lay in a range from 153 Bq.m{sup -3} to 6607 Bq.m{sup -3} and we observed that, in general, for chilly weather, the radon levels decrease. The annual effective dose, considering the most realistic scenario, with geometric mean concentrations, an equilibrium factor of 0.5 and annual exposure time for each cave, varied from 0.2 mSv.a{sup -1} for the Couto cave, strongly ventilated, to 4.0 mSv.a{sup -1} for the Santana cave, the most frequently visited and no external communication. For the worst scenario, with arithmetic mean concentrations, equilibrium factor 1 and annual exposure time for all caves, the annual effective dose was 16.1 mSv.a{sup -1}. All assessed effective doses received by the tour guides are bellow 20 mSv.a{sup -1} suggested as an annual effective dose limit for occupational exposure by the International Commission of Radiological Protection (ICRP 60, 1990). (author)

  7. FLORÍSTICA E ESTRUTURA EM ÁREA DE FLORESTA ESTACIONAL DECIDUAL NA REGIÃO DO ALTO URUGUAI, RS / FLORISTIC AND STRUCTURE IN AREA OF SEASONAL DECIDUOUS FOREST IN THE REGION OF THE ALTO URUGUAI, RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. R. Lambrecht

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available           O trabalho teve como objetivos realizar a análise florística das estruturas horizontal e vertical em um fragmento de Floresta Estacional Decidual (FED na região do Alto Uruguai, em Frederico Westphalen, RS, Brasil. Foi realizado um censo em uma área amostral de 10.000 m², subdividida em 100 subparcelas de 10x10 m. Realizou-se a mensuração e a identificação de todos os indivíduos de espécies arbóreas com circunferência a altura do peito (CAP≥ 31,4cm. Com os dados obtidos, foram realizados cálculos de densidade (D, frequência (F, dominância (Do, índice de valor de importância (IVI, índice de valor de cobertura (IVC e a estratificação dos indivíduos. O maior número de espécies concentrou-se na família Fabaceae (10 e o maior número de indivíduos na família Meliaceae (147 ou 25,3%. Trichilia claussenii C. DC. Nectandra megapotamica (Spreng. Mez, Achatocarpus praecox Griseb. e Eugenia rostrifolia D. Legrand representaram 38,28% da densidade relativa e Holocalyx balansae Micheli, Trichilia claussenii, Nectandra megapotamica, Cordia americana (L. Gottshling & J.E.Mill., Phytolacca dioica  L., Achatocarpus praecox, e Eugenia rostrifolia representaram 50,5% da dominância relativa. Considerando a estrutura vertical, as sete espécies mais frequentes apresentaram uma maior quantidade de indivíduos no estrato médio. Conclui-se que a área florestal encontra-se em estágio intermediário de sucessão.

  8. Contractors as Military Professionals?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    their employees to inculcate a professional identity. On the other hand, there is a prima facie case to be made that employees of the security...violates international obligations is attributable to a State if it is committed by the government of the State or any of its po- litical subdivisions...of social obligation to utilize this craft for the benefit of society.19 Charles Moskos suggested that vocations motivated by economic re- wards are

  9. Management in Professional Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Irama Milei Flores

    2012-01-01

    The following work describes to the type of existing communication in the professional schools and the strategies that use this type of organizations, to interact with its public. This reality is compared, with the theoretical expositions that in the matter of organizational communication, contribute students like: The Fernandez (1997), Goldhaber (1984), Serna (1996), Bartoli (1992), Go Rail (1998), among others. The study was developed in a sample of 104 affiliated and 4 Secretary Generals o...

  10. Stress among Health Professionals

    OpenAIRE

    García-Moran, María de Carmen; Universidad de Zaragoza (España); Gil-Lacruz, Marta; Universidad de Zaragoza (España)

    2016-01-01

    Stress among health professionals constitutes a significant problem, because of its strong impact both on them and their patients. This study finds that this syndrome varies according to gender, type of work and job role. We find that primary, secondary and tertiary prevention strategies are effective in minimizing this syndrome. These include better work management, an adjusted work schedule, a balance between work and family life, workforce personnel involvement, and improvement of employme...

  11. Professional Learning and Collaboration

    OpenAIRE

    Greer, Janet Agnes

    2012-01-01

    The American education system must utilize collaboration to meet the challenges and demands our culture poses for schools. Deeply rooted processes and structures favor teaching and learning in isolation and hinder the shift to a more collaborative paradigm. Professional learning communities (PLCs) support continuous teacher learning, improved efficacy, and program implementation. The PLC provides the framework for the development and enhancement of teacher collaboration and teacher collaborat...

  12. Vocational Teachers and Professionalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Karen Egedal; Duch, Henriette

    as other contextual factors. Our concern is adult vocational teachers attending a pedagogical course and teaching at vocational colleges. The aim of the paper is to discuss different models and develop a model concerning teachers at vocational colleges based on empirical data in a specific context......, vocational teacher-training course in Denmark. By offering a basis and concepts for analysis of practice such model is meant to support the development of vocational teachers’ professionalism at courses and in organizational contexts in general....

  13. Professional Papervision3D

    CERN Document Server

    Lively, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Professional Papervision3D describes how Papervision3D works and how real world applications are built, with a clear look at essential topics such as building websites and games, creating virtual tours, and Adobe's Flash 10. Readers learn important techniques through hands-on applications, and build on those skills as the book progresses. The companion website contains all code examples, video step-by-step explanations, and a collada repository.

  14. A Professional Learning Community Journey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Maliszewski

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Four teachers (three classroom teachers and a teacher-librarian explain how their school applied a professional learning community framework to its operational practices. They discuss the process, the benefits, and the challenges of professional learning communities.

  15. Educational Programs for Intelligence Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jerry P.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the need for education programs for competitive intelligence professionals. Highlights include definitions of intelligence functions, focusing on business intelligence; information utilization by decision makers; information sources; competencies for intelligence professionals; and the development of formal education programs. (38…

  16. The College Professor's Professional Liability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griggs, Walter S.; Rubin, Harvey W.

    1977-01-01

    The growing number of professional liability suits against professors warrants a close examination of the need for and provisions of available insurance coverage. The evolution of tort liability, the question of negligence, and the professional liability policy are discussed. (LBH)

  17. Rb-Sr geochronology from Barro Alto Complex, Goias: metamorphism evidence of high degree and continental collision around 1300 Ma ago in Central Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fuck, R.A.; Neves, B.B.B.; Cordani, U.G.; Kawashita, K.

    1989-01-01

    Rb-Sr geochronologic investigation carried out on rocks from the Barro Alto Complex, Goias, yielded iso chronic ages of 1266 +- 17 Ma, for felsic rocks from the granulite belt and 1330 +- 67 Ma, for gneisses belonging to the Juscelandia Sequence. Rb-Sr isotope measurements suggest that Barro Alto rocks have undergone an important metamorphic event during middle Proterozoic times, around 1300 Ma ago. During that event, volcanic and sedimentary rocks of Juscelandia Sequence, as well as the underlying gabbros-anorthosite layered complex, underwent deformation and recrystallization under amphibolite facies conditions. Deformation and metamorphism took place during the collision of two continental blocks, which resulted in a southeastward directed thrust complex, allowing the exposure of granulite slices from the middle-lower crust of the overthrusted block. (author)

  18. Perceção do estado de saúde da população idosa do Alto Minho

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Fábia de Jesus Felgeuiras

    2015-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Gestão das Organizações: Ramo de Gestão de Unidades de Saúde (parceria com a APNOR) apresentada na Escola Superior de Saúde do Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o estado de saúde da população idosa do Alto Minho de forma a contribuir para o planeamento em saúde e emerge do projeto “Estado de Saúde e Atividade Física da População Idosa do Alto Minho”, financiado por Fundos FEDER através do Programa Operacional Fatores...

  19. Tratamento bem-sucedido da síndrome cardiopulmonar por hantavírus com uso de hemofiltração de alto volume

    OpenAIRE

    Bugedo, Guillermo; Florez, Jorge; Ferres, Marcela; Roessler, Eric; Bruhn, Alejandro

    2016-01-01

    RESUMO A síndrome cardiopulmonar por hantavírus tem elevada taxa de mortalidade. Sugere-se que uma conexão precoce com oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea melhore os resultados. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente que apresentou síndrome cardiopulmonar por hantavírus e choque refratário, que preenchia os critérios para oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea e que teve resposta satisfatória com uso de hemofiltração contínua de alto volume. A implantação de hemofiltração contínua de alto volume, ...

  20. Predicción del riesgo individual de alto coste sanitario para la identificación de pacientes crónicos complejos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Coderch

    2014-07-01

    Conclusiones: El consumo sanitario elevado se relaciona con la morbilidad crónica compleja. Un modelo basado en la edad, la morbilidad y la utilización previa es válido para predecir el riesgo de alto consumo, y así identificar la población diana de estrategias de atención proactiva para pacientes crónicos complejos.