Sample records for previous adult education

  1. Adult education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle; Larson, Anne; Cort, Pia

    education works well, serving relevant needs of citizens as well as the labour market and contributes to social justice. Thus policy intervention is not needed and the workings of adult education are more or less invisible (2) the Danish system of adult education confronts problems of quality...... the initiatives, the parliament in 1984 adopted a 10 point programme for adult education and enlightenment (Danish Parliament, 1984), and in 1989 an adult education grant targeted low qualified adults were introduced (Lov om voksenuddannelsesstøtte [Act on adult education grant], 1989). Both initiatives...... highlighted the need for adult education and training in relation to working life but also to other areas of adult life. Here in 2016 the political attention to adult education and learning seems limited and the broader focus on learning for life almost gone. When the Danish government in august 2016 sat up...

  2. Empowerment perceptions of educational managers from previously ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The perceptions of educational manag ers from previously disadvantaged primary and high schools in the Nelson Mandela Metropole regarding the issue of empowerment are outlined and the perceptions of educational managers in terms of various aspects of empowerment at different levels reflected. A literature study ...

  3. Aspects of Adult Education. (United States)

    Chandrasekhar, Rajkumari

    This book presents an overview of and prescription for adult education in India. Following an introduction to the problem of illiteracy in India, the book's 14 chapters cover a broad spectrum of adult education issues. Topics discussed include adult education and national development; roles of voluntary organizations, universities, colleges, and…

  4. Urbanisation and Adult Education (United States)

    Nayar, D. P.


    Problems raised by urbanization are many. Those whose solution can be assisted through adult education are in economics; health, nutrition, and family planning; citizenship training; recreation; and education and culture. (AG)

  5. Adult Education and Adult Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illeris, Knud

    Kort beskrivelse Bogen, 'Adult Education og Adult Learning', giver et fyldestgørende overblik over forståelsen af voksenuddannelse og læring. Abstract I "Adult Education and Adult Learning' ser Knud Illeris på voksenuddannelse fra to perspektiver. På den ene side beskrives de aktuelle udfordringer...... vi står overfor i det moderne vidensamfund, hvor nøgleordene er livslang læring og kompetenceudvikling. På den anden side giver bogen et dybdegående indblik i forskning vedrørende voksenlæringsprocesser og anskuer problematikkerne fra den lærendes perspektiv. Bogens hovedtese er, at vidensamfundet...... Rubinson, Professor of Education, University of British Colombia, Vancouver skrev: "Illeris viser et fantastisk overblik over nøgleproblematikkerne når vi taler voksenuddannelse og læring. Han har en evne til fremvise komplekse emner og sammenhænge, som selv menigmand let kan forstå."...

  6. Adult Learning and Education (United States)

    Rubenson, Kjell, Ed.


    As individuals and societies try to respond to fundamental economic and social transformation, the field of adult learning and education is rapidly getting increased attention and new topics for research on adult learning have emerged. This collection of articles from the International Encyclopedia of Education 3e offers practitioners and…

  7. Adult and lifelong education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella; Holford, John; Mohorčič Špolar, Vida


    education, and the conditions or structures under which policy processes occur. The objective was to deepen understanding of how scientific inquiry – as a means of comprehending and interpreting current processes and their implications – can accompany and support contemporary developments in adult......The contributions published in this special issue of Globalisation, Societies and Education draw from an international conference “Trans-nationalization of Educational Policy Making: Implications for Adult and Lifelong Learning”, held in Nottingham on 10-12 February 2012. The conference...... was organised by the Research Network on Policy Studies on Adult Education, established under the auspices of the European Society for the Research on the Education of Adults (ESREA). The aim of the conference was to explore how globalisation affects agency and policy processes in the area of adult and lifelong...

  8. The Adult Education Centre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Drofenik


    Full Text Available The Adult Education Centre has drafted the professional foundations for the Master Plan for Adult Education which, according to the provisions stipulated in the Adult Education Act, will be adopted by the Parliament. The Master Plan specifies the goals, priority target groups, priority areas and a draft financial projection. The professional foundations include the ratings of adult education in studies about adult education trends in Slovenia and abroad. The paper presents research results relevant to the Master Plan and documents issued by international organizations, including research into the Decisive Global Factors of EC Development after 1992, the Report of Ministers of the OECD, and the Economic Development Strategy of Slovenia . All the above-mentioned documents emphasize the importance of life­long learning in achieving a more fulfilling personal life, faster economic growth and maintenance of social ties. In principle, the same views are shared in Slovenia. However, in practice the "multi-dimensional" nature of adult education often gives way to "education for production". This is why we especially stress the importance of adult education in the social and cultural context.

  9. Adult Education in the Seventies. (United States)

    Indian Adult Education Association, New Delhi.

    The proceedings of the 24th All India Adult Education Conference highlight two symposia, "Adult Education and Urban Development" and "Adult Education and Green Revolution." Commission Reports on the two symposia are given. (DB)

  10. Adult Education in Brazil. (United States)

    Ministerio da Educacao e Cultura, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil).

    The status and goals of adult education programs in Brazil are discussed in this report. Supplemental systems such as the Brazilian Literacy Movement (Mobral) and their results are described and evaluated. Charts detailing the evolution of literacy are shown and priorities in education are suggested. The progress of other educational entities is…

  11. Adult educators' core competences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne


    Abstract Which competences do professional adult educators need? This research note discusses the topic from a comparative perspective, finding that adult educators’ required competences are wide-ranging, heterogeneous and complex. They are subject to context in terms of national and cultural...... environment as well as the kind of adult education concerned (e.g. basic education, work-related education etc.). However, it seems that it is possible to identify certain competence requirements which transcend national, cultural and functional boundaries. This research note summarises these common or “core......” requirements, organising them into four thematic subcategories: (1) communicating subject knowledge; (2) taking students’ prior learning into account; (3) supporting a learning environment; and (4) the adult educator’s reflection on his or her own performance. At the end of his analysis of different competence...

  12. Adult Education: A Searching Stepchild. (United States)

    Cherem, Barbara


    Three factors affecting the paradigm shift in adult education are the exponential growth of information, changing demographics, and emergence of a philosophy of adult development. The focus is changing from adult education to adult learning, from adult education practitioners to facilitators. Professional organizations must convince funders and…

  13. Measles Outbreak among Previously Immunized Adult Healthcare Workers, China, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhengyi Zhang


    Full Text Available Measles is caused by measles virus belonging to genus Morbillivirus of the family Paramyxoviridae. Vaccination has played a critical role in controlling measles infection worldwide. However, in the recent years, outbreaks of measles infection still occur in many developing countries. Here, we report an outbreak of measles among healthcare workers and among the 60 measles infected patients 50 were healthcare workers including doctors, nurses, staff, and medics. Fifty-one patients (85% tested positive for IgM antibodies against the measles virus and 50 patients (83.3% tested positive for measles virus RNA. Surprisingly, 73.3% of the infected individuals had been previously immunized against measles. Since there is no infection division in our hospital, the fever clinics are located in the Emergency Division. In addition, the fever and rash were not recognized as measles symptoms at the beginning of the outbreak. These factors result in delay in isolation and early confirmation of the suspected patients and eventually a measles outbreak in the hospital. Our report highlights the importance of following a two-dose measles vaccine program in people including the healthcare workers. In addition, vigilant attention should be paid to medical staff with clinical fever and rash symptoms to avoid a possible nosocomial transmission of measles infection.

  14. Empathy in Adult Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalija Vrečer


    Full Text Available Empathy is an important part of emotional intelligence and the latter is crucial for human relations, whether they be interpersonal relations, relations among people at work, or in a wider community. Therefore, empathy is important for adult education, for guidance counsellors, and for other adult educators. Adult educators must be empathic in order to understand the perspectives and needs of the participants in the educational process and empathy is a precondition for understanding. The development of empathy as a competence is a lifelong learning process. Namely, despite some biological predispositions for empathy, the latter can be learnt. It is the contention of the article that empathy is one of the most important intercultural competencies, because if a person is not empathic, other intercultural competencies vary rarely cannot develop to their full extent. Thus empathy is a precondition for successful intercultural dialogue.

  15. Adult Education in Western Germany. (United States)

    Knoll, Joachim H.; And Others

    Here are abstracts of three books on adult education in Western Germany, where the institutions and methods of continuing education have been nearly unknown. The first, ERWACHSENENBILDUNG IN DER BUNDESREPUBLIK (ADULT EDUCATION IN THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC), 167 pages, justifies regarding adult education today as a complete changeover from its forms in…

  16. Adult Education for Social Mobilization. (United States)

    Echeverria, Luis


    Suggests some ideas that could stimulate and be incentives for defining programs of adult education in the future. These involve changing priorities, developing a framework which allows adult education programs to be established, and managing decision-making processes. (CT)

  17. Becoming adult educators in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella; Søgaard Lund, Lise


    In this paper we present an analysis of identity-construction processes among adult educators in Denmark and we address the question how adult educators develop professionalism, not least by taking advantage of existing opportunity structures for current and prospective adult educators. A between...... identification with the professional group they belong to. It is our hypothesis that occupations adult educators currently hold, however, play a central role in shaping the ideal for service that adult educators enact when teaching adults.......In this paper we present an analysis of identity-construction processes among adult educators in Denmark and we address the question how adult educators develop professionalism, not least by taking advantage of existing opportunity structures for current and prospective adult educators. A between......-cases analysis of fifteen narrative interviews explores the professional pathways towards adult education, the perceived images of a (professional) adult educator, processes of identification with concrete or imaginary communities, and motivation for adult educator to enrol in current opportunity structures...

  18. Communication in Adult Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Časar


    Full Text Available In their paper the authors point to the importance of communication in adult education, seeing man as a relational creature. They stress the importance verbal as well as non-verbal communication, which discloses the speaker's attitude to both what is being said and the students. The authors detail the components of non-verbal communication, which the group leaders can use as guide­ lines in their educational work. They define constructive and destructive, content-related and relationship-related types of communication, concluding that communication is at its best when it is relaxed and involves all members of the group as well as the tutor-organiser. Only then can feedback be generated, resulting in a closer connectedness and enhanced quality of the process of education.

  19. Segmenting the Adult Education Market. (United States)

    Aurand, Tim


    Describes market segmentation and how the principles of segmentation can be applied to the adult education market. Indicates that applying segmentation techniques to adult education programs results in programs that are educationally and financially satisfying and serve an appropriate population. (JOW)

  20. [La Formation des adultes.] (Adult Education). (United States)

    National Inst. for Adult Education, Nancy (France).

    These collected papers discuss uses and limitations of programed instruction in adult basic education; a national French inservice scheme for preparing teacher educators and training vocational teachers at the secondary school programs; the application of specific behavioral sciences in France by various occupational groups in several forms of…

  1. Young people in adult education


    Albert Mrgole


    The increasing number of young people participating in adult education programmes has, in the recent years, raised the question of transfer from regular education system to labour market where a large proportion of young people remain socially marginalized and isolated. Young people in adult education are a special target group; in order to plan educational programmes properly, we need to be familiar with their specific characteristics. The article, on the level of a statistical data outline ...

  2. Work, Experience and Adult Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle


    A presentation and discussion of the theories of work, experience and adult education developed by the German philosopher and sociologist Oskar Negt.......A presentation and discussion of the theories of work, experience and adult education developed by the German philosopher and sociologist Oskar Negt....

  3. Leisure Styles and Adult Education (United States)

    London, Jack; Wenkert, Robert


    People with broad and diverse leisure activities are more likely to participate in adult education than people with a passive leisure style. This finding conflicts with a prevailing view that adult education competes with other leisure pursuits for the interest and attention of a potential audience. (SE)

  4. Social and physical health of homeless adults previously treated for mental health problems. (United States)

    Gelberg, L; Linn, L S


    A total of 529 homeless adults in Los Angeles County were surveyed to determine the relationship between their previous use of mental health services and their physical health status, utilization of medical services, personal habits affecting health, experience of injury and victimization, and perceived needs. Homeless adults with a previous psychiatric hospitalization were more likely to have experienced serious physical symptoms during the previous month than those who had used only outpatient mental health services or who had never used mental health services. They reported more reasons for not obtaining needed medical care, were more likely to obtained food from garbage cans, and had the least adequate personal hygiene. However, they did not differ from the other groups on most measures of nutrition, social relations, and financial status. The most frequently expressed needs of the homeless were for improved social relations, employment, shelter, and money.

  5. National Strategies of Adult Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran Jelenc


    Full Text Available In spite of the fact that there is no agreement among adult educators on the issue whether the systemic regulation of adult education by the state is advantageous or not, there are indicators that several countries are trying to cletermine their national strategies of the adult education development. Creating such a strategy has been recently recommended in several international documents, i. e. OECD (1996, Unesco - CONFINTEA V (1997, connectecl as a ruJe with the life­long learning strategy. Such a strategy should incorporate the systemic regulation of aclult education as well. In our comparative analysis we tried to identify those national projects of different countries which could be defined as national strategies for the development of adult education in particular countries. After having identified them we made a comparative analysis to find out the basic elements which should be applied if the strategy is to be designated as entire and cohesive one. These elements are: a/ broad social, political and scientific schemes; b/ basic objectives of the programme; c/ a scientific-conceptual scheme of adult education; d/ a need for adult education; e/ functioning of the system and organisation of adult education in a country; g/ the present systemic regulation of adult education; hi a national programme; i/ the strategy of life-long learning. The results of the research show that the majority of the reviewed programmes can not be designated as entire and coherent strategies of aclult education although most of them applied most of the elements. Therefore they should rather be designated as programmes, agendas, campaigns etc. as they mostly satisfy the current societal needs of the particular country. In Slovenia we are trying to submit a strategy which will apply all the elements quoted.

  6. Researching participation in adult education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kondrup, Sissel

    to and participation in adult education and training focusing primarily on unskilled and low skilled workers. I present how the traditions contribute to the perception of what effects participation and argue that the existing traditions must be extended and a new framework must be applied in order to understand how......It is a widespread perception that the challenge of increasing participation in adult education and training has intensified due to the transformation from industrial to knowledge based societies and the transformation implies that it becomes pivotal to increase the supply of highly qualified...... labour. This has fostered an interest in examining why and how people engage in adult education, how participation and especially non-participation in adult education can be explained and how participation rates can be increased. In this paper I outline different traditions within research on recruitment...

  7. Education and identity of adult educators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran Jelenc


    Full Text Available Adult education and learning has because of its wide extensiveness and variability huge difficulties with its identity. Difficulties appear in all three spheres of identity: professional identity of adult education; societal identity of the field; and personal identity with the profession. In our contribution we list and describe difficulties in all three identity areas. Insufficient identity is a great obstacle for continuing education and further training of those who work or wish to work in adult education or they are obliged to carry out such education. They are all named ‘adult educators’ but their roles and tasks in education are different. Contents and ways of realization of programs have to be adapted to that. We recommend: modular programs for different target groups should be created from a wide list of contents; more sophisticated methods of marketing and recruiting should be used for the better realization of programs; programs should enable participants to get publicly recognized certificates and in this way current program of pedagogical-andragogical education which does not follow enough above-named difficulties of identity should be replaced; successful programs should be distributed all over Slovenia and performed in cooperation with another providers.

  8. Effect of Genotype and Previous GH Treatment on Adiposity in Adults With Prader-Willi Syndrome. (United States)

    Coupaye, Muriel; Tauber, Maithé; Cuisset, Laurence; Laurier, Virginie; Bieth, Eric; Lacorte, Jean-Marc; Oppert, Jean-Michel; Clément, Karine; Poitou, Christine


    Adults with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) have an increased proportion of sc fat mass compared with body mass index (BMI)-matched controls, but whether the genotype influences body composition and metabolic profile remains controversial. To assess body composition and metabolic features in adults with PWS, according to genetic subtype. In addition, the effect of previous GH treatment was assessed. Main Outcomes and Measures: Body composition (Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry) and metabolic parameters were compared in PWS adults (mean age, 25.5 ± 8.9 y) with deletion (n = 47) or uniparental disomy (UPD) (n = 26), taking into account GH treatment in childhood and/or adolescence. In subgroups, adipocyte size, fasting total ghrelin levels, and resting energy expenditure were measured, and hyperphagia was assessed by the Dykens Hyperphagia Questionnaire. In the whole sample, the deletion group had a higher BMI compared with UPD (40.9 ± 11.5 vs 34.6 ± 9.6 kg/m 2 , P = .02), but there was no difference between groups in percent body fat, metabolic profile, adipocyte size, resting energy expenditure, hyperphagia score, or ghrelin levels. In subjects previously treated with GH, BMI was not different between UPD and deletion groups (33.0 ± 9.7 vs 33.5 ± 11.1 kg/m 2 ). In addition, previous GH treatment was associated with decreased percent body fat and adipocyte volume only in the deletion group. A deletion genotype in adults with PWS is associated with increased BMI. GH treatment in childhood and/or adolescence limits this deleterious phenotypic effect with improved adiposity markers. This study suggests relationships between the molecular phenotype of PWS and adipose tissue development as well as sensitivity to GH.

  9. Training of adult education teachers in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne

    The article presents the Danish adult educational system, the extend of adult learning and the objectives of the adult education program. It presents the teacher training institutions and programs and the programs for continuing education in practice. Further on the article presents and discus...... the pedagogical principles and theories behind the training of teachers in adult education....

  10. 38 CFR 18.438 - Adult education. (United States)


    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Adult education. 18.438 Section 18.438 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED... Adult Education § 18.438 Adult education. A recipient that provides adult education may not, on the...

  11. Motivation and Adult Education. (United States)

    Taylor, J. Rodney


    The author reviews theories of human motivation: Lewin's force field analysis, Skinner's operant reinforcement theory, and Maslow's hierarchy of needs. He then extracts the implications of these theories for adult learning. SK)

  12. Participation patterns in adult education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Desjardins, Richard; Rubenson, Kjell


    This article focuses on evidence regarding cross-national patterns of participation in adult education and an interpretation of these patterns from an institutional and public policy perspective. The interpretation follows from the perspective that sustaining high and widely distributed levels...... problems that otherwise lead to underinvestment in skills and/or inequity in the distribution of access to education and training and hence skills. Hence, it is argued that institutional contexts and public policy measures condition participation patterns in adult education, and are thus worthwhile...

  13. Does the patients′ educational level and previous counseling affect their medication knowledge?

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    Abdulmalik M Alkatheri


    Conclusions: The education level of the patient and previous counseling are positively linked to medication knowledge. Knowledge of the medications′ side effects proved to be the most difficult task for the participants in this study, requiring the highest level of education, and was improved by previous counseling.

  14. Young people in adult education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Mrgole


    Full Text Available The increasing number of young people participating in adult education programmes has, in the recent years, raised the question of transfer from regular education system to labour market where a large proportion of young people remain socially marginalized and isolated. Young people in adult education are a special target group; in order to plan educational programmes properly, we need to be familiar with their specific characteristics. The article, on the level of a statistical data outline and its paradoxes, introduces the category of young people in adult education as an impact of system factors, and defines related problems in the register, which - for more thorough understanding - dictates sociologically and anthropologically directed analytical approach. The first effect of this, not solely pedagogical view, is presented in the second part of the article, where Mrgole proposes an analysis of educational needs definition and its dangerous consequences in original planning of educational programmes. The concluding part takes a wider perspective and treats the factors of early school-leaving of young people, taking into consideration direct experience in experimental educational programmes for the young. The article ends with an outline of basic elements which the planners of andragogical educational programmes intended for young people should consider in their planning to achieve effective curricula.

  15. Adult Education Research in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran Jelenc


    Full Text Available We found in the 'state of the art' study on adult education research in Slovenia  that in the period 1989-1993 in Slovenia there was quite extensive and intensive research activity on ad uit education. Here are some figures to confirm this statement: 33 research projects were carried out in 11 institutions, and 23 researchers were involved in researches. The research projects were analysed and presented in detail by: kind of providers, research themes and priorities, sources and ways of financing, development of research infrastructure (publicizing, bibliographical resources, training and professional associations of researchers and extension and ways of international cooperation. Comparing the present sitation with the findings mentioned above we assess that the relatively favourable situation from the period approx five years ago is deteriorating getting worser. There are fewer research conductors, the extent of financial funds is declining, the criteria for approvement of aplicative and fundamental research at the Ministry for Science and Technology are higher, the interest of the Ministry of Education and Sport in research themes is getting narrower and therefore adult education is not treated as a priority; in the structure of researches at present, developmental research prevails, but even here the restrictive financing policy of the Ministry for Education and Sport is not supporting developmental researches as much as before. The development of research infrastructure is stili following the general positive trend of the development of adult education. We condude that special support and measures (special criteria for approvement of research, development of institutions, research staff development and training, development of infrastructure and international cooperation should be adopted for the more prosperous development of research on adult education; adult education in Slovenia is stili a very young field of activity, and andragogy is

  16. Prevalence and titers of yellow fever virus neutralizing antibodies in previously vaccinated adults (United States)

    Miyaji, Karina Takesaki; Avelino-Silva, Vivian Iida; Simões, Marisol; Freire, Marcos da Silva; de Medeiros, Carlos Roberto; Braga, Patrícia Emilia; Neves, Maria Angélica Acalá; Lopes, Marta Heloisa; Kallas, Esper Georges; Sartori, Ana Marli Christovam


    ABSTRACT Introduction: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends one single dose of the Yellow Fever (YF) vaccine based on studies of antibody persistency in healthy adults. We assessed the prevalence and titers of YF virus neutralizing antibodies in previously vaccinated persons aged ≥ 60 years, in comparison to younger adults. We also evaluated the correlation between antibody titers and the time since vaccination among participants who received one vaccine dose, and the seropositivity among participants vaccinated prior to or within the past 10 years. Methods: previously vaccinated healthy persons aged ≥ 18 years were included. YF virus neutralizing antibody titers were determined by means of the 50% Plaque Reduction Neutralization Test. Results: 46 persons aged ≥ 60 years and 48 persons aged 18 to 59 years were enrolled. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of YF virus neutralizing antibodies between the two groups (p = 0.263). However, titers were significantly lower in the elderly (p = 0.022). There was no correlation between YF virus neutralizing antibody titers and the time since vaccination. There was no significant difference in seropositivity among participants vaccinated prior to or within the past 10 years. Conclusions: the clinical relevance of the observed difference in YF virus neutralizing antibody titers between the two groups is not clear. PMID:28380113

  17. Prevalence and titers of yellow fever virus neutralizing antibodies in previously vaccinated adults. (United States)

    Miyaji, Karina Takesaki; Avelino-Silva, Vivian Iida; Simões, Marisol; Freire, Marcos da Silva; Medeiros, Carlos Roberto de; Braga, Patrícia Emilia; Neves, Maria Angélica Acalá; Lopes, Marta Heloisa; Kallas, Esper Georges; Sartori, Ana Marli Christovam


    The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends one single dose of the Yellow Fever (YF) vaccine based on studies of antibody persistency in healthy adults. We assessed the prevalence and titers of YF virus neutralizing antibodies in previously vaccinated persons aged  60 years, in comparison to younger adults. We also evaluated the correlation between antibody titers and the time since vaccination among participants who received one vaccine dose, and the seropositivity among participants vaccinated prior to or within the past 10 years. previously vaccinated healthy persons aged  18 years were included. YF virus neutralizing antibody titers were determined by means of the 50% Plaque Reduction Neutralization Test. 46 persons aged  60 years and 48 persons aged 18 to 59 years were enrolled. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of YF virus neutralizing antibodies between the two groups (p = 0.263). However, titers were significantly lower in the elderly (p = 0.022). There was no correlation between YF virus neutralizing antibody titers and the time since vaccination. There was no significant difference in seropositivity among participants vaccinated prior to or within the past 10 years. the clinical relevance of the observed difference in YF virus neutralizing antibody titers between the two groups is not clear.

  18. Globalisation, Transnational Policies and Adult Education (United States)

    Milana, Marcella


    Globalisation, transnational policies and adult education--This paper examines policy documents produced by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the European Union (EU) in the field of adult education and learning. Both these entities address adult education as an explicit object of policy. This paper…

  19. Adult education for democratic citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The report presents, in brief, the findings from the study of research literature on Adult Education for Democratic Citizenship, which was carried out in the nine EU member states represented by the project: Austria, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Spain and United Kingdom...




  1. Jean-Jacques Rousseau's views on adult education (United States)

    Dame, Frederick William


    Although Rousseau describes in Émile only his scheme for childhood education, he presents us in this work with some direct statements which can be applied to explain more fully the nature of adult education. The author surveys Rousseau's ideas on the role of the general will in adult educational philosophy, subject matter, methodology and negative education, as well as the relationships between the family, student, teacher, community and the state. He concludes that the modern Rousseau would not limit education to males and would recognize that the four Rousseauian periods of educational development — infancy, childhood, youngster, adolescence — is followed by a fifth: adulthood. Adult education is the logical continuation of the four previous phases. Throughout each phase education must permit intellectual and moral growth and always allow for creativity and diversity. Only then can adults become positive contributors to their society.

  2. Spinal Arachnoiditis as a Complication of Cryptococcal Meningoencephalitis in Non-HIV Previously Healthy Adults (United States)

    Komori, Mika; Kosa, Peter; Khan, Omar; Hammoud, Dima A.; Rosen, Lindsey B.; Browne, Sarah K.; Lin, Yen-Chih; Romm, Elena; Ramaprasad, Charu; Fries, Bettina C.; Bennett, John E.; Bielekova, Bibiana; Williamson, Peter R.


    Background. Cryptococcus can cause meningoencephalitis (CM) among previously healthy non-HIV adults. Spinal arachnoiditis is under-recognized, since diagnosis is difficult with concomitant central nervous system (CNS) pathology. Methods. We describe 6 cases of spinal arachnoiditis among 26 consecutively recruited CM patients with normal CD4 counts who achieved microbiologic control. We performed detailed neurological exams, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) immunophenotyping and biomarker analysis before and after adjunctive immunomodulatory intervention with high dose pulse corticosteroids, affording causal inference into pathophysiology. Results. All 6 exhibited severe lower motor neuron involvement in addition to cognitive changes and gait disturbances from meningoencephalitis. Spinal involvement was associated with asymmetric weakness and urinary retention. Diagnostic specificity was improved by MRI imaging which demonstrated lumbar spinal nerve root enhancement and clumping or lesions. Despite negative fungal cultures, CSF inflammatory biomarkers, sCD27 and sCD21, as well as the neuronal damage biomarker, neurofilament light chain (NFL), were elevated compared to healthy donor (HD) controls. Elevations in these biomarkers were associated with clinical symptoms and showed improvement with adjunctive high dose pulse corticosteroids. Conclusions. These data suggest that a post-infectious spinal arachnoiditis is an important complication of CM in previously healthy individuals, requiring heightened clinician awareness. Despite microbiological control, this syndrome causes significant pathology likely due to increased inflammation and may be amenable to suppressive therapeutics. PMID:28011613

  3. Opportunities of Continuing Adult Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidija Ušeckienė


    Full Text Available After becoming the member state of the European Union, Lithuania undertook all the obligations of a member state. One of them is the implementation of The Lisbon Strategy aiming at the worlds most dynamic and competitive knowledge– based economy by 2010. Under the strategy, a stronger economy will drive job creation, sustainable development, and social inclusion. These changes demand the modernisation of education systems in the E U states, Lithuania among them. To achieve this objective, political forces came to an agreement on the future of Lithuanian education. In 2003 The Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania approved of National Education Strategy 2003–2012. This strategy is special not only because it is based on the experiences of the reform, addresses current and future world’s challenges and opportunities, maintains links with other strategic national reforms, but also emphasises efforts to ensure quality lifelong education for Lithuanian population and striving to become a partner in modern knowledge-based economy. Therefore, an extensive discussion on lifelong education strategies on individual and institution levels in all spheres of social and personal life has started in the E U and Lithuania. Nowadays lifelong learning is not just one aspect of education and training; it gradually is becoming the most important principle in the continuum of complex learning contexts. Such vision must be implemented this decade. The object of the research: the preconditions for the development of continuing adult education. The aim of the research: to examine the peculiarities of the preconditions for the development of continuing adult education in Pakruojis region. The methods of the research: analysis of references and documents on education; an anonymous survey in written form (a questionnaire; statistical analysis of data. The sample. The research was conducted in Pakruojis region in January-April, 2006. 300 respondents of different age

  4. The issue of memory in adult education


    CHALUPA, Karel


    This bachelor thesis concerns itself with the issue of memory on the field of education of adults. It studies individual types of human memory, its processes, and factors that influence its activity. It describes the processes of adult education, the motivation of adults to seek education, and it lists the way of helping a better functioning of memory. In its practical part, the work offers memory tests which have been gathered from chosen groups of adult education partakers. The results are ...

  5. Canadian Adult Education: Still a Movement (United States)

    Nesbit, Tom


    Writing recently in this journal, two of Canada's veteran adult educators contemplated the "death" of the Canadian adult education movement. I disagree and argue that adult education in Canada is as vital an activity as ever and one that still fully justifies being called a movement. Specifically, Selman and Selman (2009) list five…

  6. Participation in Adult Education: Attitudes and Barriers (United States)

    Boeren, Ellen


    In this paper, we control the intention theory of Fishbein and Ajzen (1980) for the participation in an adult education course. Based on the Flemish Eurostat Adult Education Survey, we reveal that participants in adult education have a more positive attitude towards learning and that within the group of non-participants, those who formulate an…

  7. The relationship between body composition and femoral neck osteoporosis or osteopenia in adults with previous poliomyelitis. (United States)

    Chang, Kwang-Hwa; Tseng, Sung-Hui; Lin, Yu-Ching; Lai, Chien-Hung; Hsiao, Wen-Tien; Chen, Shih-Ching


    Articles in the literature describing the association between body composition and osteoporosis in subjects with poliomyelitis are scarce. To assess the relationship between body composition and femoral neck osteoporosis or osteopenia in adults with previous polio. After excluding postmenopausal women, 44 polio (mean age ± standard deviation, 46.1 ± 3.3 years) and 44 able-bodied control volunteers (47.0 ± 4.0 years) participated in the study. Each participant's femoral neck bone mineral density (FNBMD) and whole body composition were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. With local reference BMD values of normal young adults installed in the instrument, we obtained T-score values that depended on each FNBMD value. A T-score value of ≤-1.0 indicated decreased T-score, including osteoporosis (T-score ≤ -2.5) and osteopenia (-1.0 to -2.5). This study conducted logistic regression analyses to find factors associated with osteoporosis and osteopenia. Based on the FNBMD T-score values, 60.0% of middle-aged men with polio had osteoporosis. In adjusted logistic regression analyses, total lean tissue mass (Adjusted odds ratio [95% confidence interval], 0.74 [0.56-0.99], P < 0.05) and male gender (947.16 [6.02-148,926.16], P < 0.01) were important factors associated with decreased T-score in polio group. Osteoporosis or osteopenia is a common medical problem for middle-aged men with polio. Reduced total lean tissue mass seems to be one of the important factors associated with osteoporosis or osteopenia among subjects with polio. Further research for a clinical tool to assess lean tissue mass for subjects with polio is needed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Adult Children of Divorce and Relationship Education: Implications for Counselors and Counselor Educators (United States)

    Johnson, Veronica I.


    This article explores the impact of relationship education on young adults' optimism about relationships and attitudes toward marriage whose parents were divorced and offers implications and suggestions for counselors and counselor educators. Previous research in the area of intimate and family relationships has demonstrated that adults who have…

  9. Educating Older Adults: Discourses, Ideologies & Policies 1999-2005 (United States)

    Tobias, Robert


    This article tells the story of policies relevant to education, ageism and older adults between 1999 and 2005. It follows an article published in a previous "New Zealand Journal of Adult Learning" that described and critiqued policy developments between the 1980s and 2001. The story is located in the context of ongoing historical…

  10. The Relationship between Prisoners' Educational Motives and Previous Incarceration, Sentence Length, and Sentence Served (United States)

    Roth, Beate Buanes; Manger, Terje


    The aim of this study was to examine Norwegian prisoners' educational motives, and how previous incarceration, sentence length, and sentence served influence such motives. Three motive categories emerged: future planning (Factor 1), social reasons and escapism (Factor 2), and competence building (Factor 3). Among prisoners who participated in…

  11. Recognition and Adult Education: An Incongruent Opportunity (United States)

    Sandberg, Fredrik


    Building on narratives of students in adult education in Sweden, where the majority of the students are young adults, this paper argues that adult education has both negative and positive aspects in helping individuals to be recognised as valuable. Students, often part of the precariat class, have not always been able to survive in the job market…

  12. UNESCO, adult education and political mobilization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella


    will in adult education; Brokering captures the process of supporting the transaction of values, ideas and information to envision a viable future for adult education; finally framing addresses the structuring of information and intentions to produce materials changes at governmental level in the field of adult...

  13. Adult ESL Education in the US (United States)

    Eyring, Janet L.


    This article discusses the state of the art in the field of "adult ESL" in the US. It identifies the size, characteristics, and settings of adult education and discusses relevant professional standards, assessment procedures, and teacher preparation. Three approaches to noncredit adult ESL education will be presented (Functional…

  14. Making space for adult learners in higher education | Osman | South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    National policy in higher education requires higher education institutions to widen access to adult learners alongside other previously excluded groups, yet gives few indications as to how this should be done. The assumption seems to have been that broadening access is sufficient in itself. In this article we argue that it is ...

  15. Preserving the Voices of Adult Educators (United States)

    Bogner, Len A.; King, Brett P.


    The Adult Education Interview Series (AEIS) started at the University of Central Oklahoma (UCO) and was inspired by the use of TED talks and other similar videos in online and distance education courses. It is a collaboration between the Adult Education and Safety Science Department and the Center for eLearning and Connected Environments at UCO.…




  17. Power and Authority in Adult Education (United States)

    Alsobaie, Mohammed Fahad


    This paper covers power and authority in adult education, focusing on the modern definitions of power and authority in the educational context, then moving into past precedents of the use of power and authority of classrooms. Finally, the optimal types of power and authority to apply to adult education are examined. Power defines a relationship…

  18. Adult Education in the Danish Modernization Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning Salling


    at local participants and contexts and a globalization process which redefines the cultural environment and presents a new and challenging agenda for adult learning. I will apply a rather general framework of historical analysis of adult education which is derived from and related to European modernization......The aim of this article is to provide an input for a discussion about the situation of a Danish (Nordic) model of adult education in the context of European policy as well as globalization. The article will seek to conceptualize the tension between adult education which is founded in and aiming...... (Salling Olesen 2009) on the history of Danish adult education and the possible contemporary impacts of this history (Salling Olesen 1985;1989). It looks at the societal nature of adult learning and hence the societal functions of adult education, and emphasizes the historical dimension in the sense...

  19. Education of Mentally Retarded Adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dora Jelenc


    Full Text Available Adult education of people with severe, modest and profound mental retardation got only recently an important place in the special education theory and practice. It could be established that in this area both in the intentional as well as in the contentual field the meaningfull shift has been achieved. Today we are talking about authonomy and rights of these people to taking part in a decission-making about the way of their living, but on the other  side the fast development and changes in society are again and again compelling this people to the decisions which they are not able to put into effect and which are burdening them and making them dependent of others. This could partly be prevented by continuing education as it is also true for them that in the stage of initial education they cannot subdue everything what they would need later in their life. Next to the findings of the foreign experts this has been confirmed as well in the first our investigations in this area. Some of the findings will be presented in our paper.

  20. Previous exposure to the World Trade Center terrorist attack and posttraumatic symptoms among older adults following Hurricane Sandy. (United States)

    Shrira, Amit; Palgi, Yuval; Hamama-Raz, Yaira; Goodwin, Robin; Ben-Ezra, Menachem


    The present study tested the maturation and inoculation hypotheses by examining whether age and previous exposure to the September 11, 2001, World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attack moderated the relationship between degree of exposure to Hurricane Sandy and related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. An online sample of 1,000 participants from affected states completed self-report questionnaires one month after Hurricane Sandy hit the East Coast. Participants reported their degree of exposure to the WTC terrorist attack and to Hurricane Sandy, and their posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms following Hurricane Sandy. The positive relationship between degree of exposure to Hurricane Sandy and level of PTSD symptoms was weaker among older adults. An additional significant three-way interaction suggested that both age and previous exposure to the WTC terrorist attack moderated the relationship between degree of exposure to Hurricane Sandy and level of PTSD symptoms. Previous high degree of exposure to the WTC terrorist attack was related to a weaker effect of current exposure to Hurricane Sandy on PTSD symptoms among older adults. However, among younger adults, previous high degree of exposure to the WTC terrorist attack was related to a stronger effect of current exposure on PTSD symptoms. When confronted by a natural disaster, American older adults are generally resilient. Supporting the inoculation hypothesis, resilience of older adults may be partly related to the strength successfully extracted from previous exposure to adverse events.

  1. Professionalisation of adult educators in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larson, Anne; Milana, Marcella


    Increasing interest in lifelong learning has led to increasing interest in adult education and training and, at European level, increasing interest in the qualification of those who are going to teach the growing number of adults expected to take part in adult education and training. The article,...... education, where quality is mainly defined in terms of usefulness for the labour market. The study is carried out as a combination of document analysis of relevant policy papers and narrative interviews with participants in qualification programmes for adult educators....

  2. Critical lnterpretatlon of quality ln adult education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janko Berlogar


    Full Text Available Critical approach has undoubtedly fo­ und its place in the sociology of adult education, too. The author uses it to interpret the quality in adult education as something far from being absolute and reached ance for ever. Most important - it does not depend on the teachers, educators only. Whatever it really is, the quality in adult education is determined and defined by the power and interests of the »customer«, the stakeholder in educational process- by its participants, enterprises and economy, by the state and by the internal processes in educational organisations, too. The latter themselves usually do not have some real influence on the quality of the process they organise and carry out. The process determined and defined by power and interests of others has nothing in common with quality and is far from educational excellence. In adult education as a political process educational organisations stili have to fight their positions out. Their task therefore is to actively, through negotiations, but aggressively enough, participate in defining the principles of quality first. They will know how to activate them in educational processes later. With all respect to the market (from which adult education cannot run away, but the autonomy in defining educational principles is crucial for the survival of adult education organisations.

  3. Financial Literacy: A Critical Adult Education Appraisal (United States)

    English, Leona M.


    This chapter critically examines financial literacy education, asking what its assumptions are and what adult educators need to ask of its curriculum, its bases, and the people being taught to be financially literate.

  4. High risk of adrenal insufficiency in adults previously treated for idiopathic childhood onset growth hormone deficiency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lange, Martin; Feldt-Rasmussen, Ulla; Svendsen, Ole Lander


    The aim was to reevaluate a group of adults treated for idiopathic childhood onset GH deficiency (GHD) after 18 yr without GH treatment. Twenty-six (11 females) patients participated. All but two had isolated GHD. Childhood diagnosis was established by insulin tolerance test (ITT). The patients w...

  5. Associations of obesity with newly diagnosed and previously known atopic diseases in Chinese adults: a case-control study


    Xie, Biao; Wang, Zhiqiang; Wang, Yupeng; Liu, Meina; Wang, Yongchen


    To assess the associations of obesity with newly diagnosed and previously known atopic disorders in Chinese adults. 4,629 adults aged 18 years or older were recruited in Harbin, China. Among them, 1,114 were previously diagnosed atopic cases, 1,298 were newly diagnosed cases, and 2,217 non-atopic controls. Obesity and overweight are defined according to the criteria established by the Working Group on Obesity in China. The associations of obesity with known and newly diagnosed atopic disorder...

  6. A Proposed Historiography of Adult Education. (United States)

    Smith, Glenn

    Current histories of adult education trace it back to the early part of the 20th century. They share several assumptions: (1) "modern" adult education started early in this century; (2) antecedents go back to early European colonization of North America--but ignore Spanish colonizers; (3) the movement is exclusively Eurocentric, seeing no…

  7. Supporting Wellness in Adult Online Education (United States)

    Thompson, Jacklyn J.; Porto, Stella C. S.


    Online education cannot continue to grow at the current pace while ignoring a crucial component of campus support, wellness for adult online learners. This paper brings awareness to the concept of wellness as an important student support service in adult online education. It includes a summarized review of relevant literature and identifies…

  8. Publicizing Adult Education Programs: A Leadership Monograph. (United States)

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of Publications.

    This monograph describes successful publicity practices in adult education that can be adapted to fit individual promotional plans for communication with the community. The introduction explains the importance of good public relations to an adult education program. In section 1, publicity and promotion, the various ways of publicizing information…

  9. Regional development, inequality and adult education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle; Staugaard, Hans Jørgen

    Adult education policy exists at many levels – internationally, nationally and locally. In this paper, we look at the challenges, structures and practices of adult education policy at the local level, more specifically in Northern Denmark, one of the five regions of the Danish nation-state. We se...

  10. Education: A Possibility for Empowering Older Adults (United States)

    Kump, Sonja; Krasovec, Sabina Jelenc


    Educating older adults (in the so-called third age) is becoming an increasingly important activity for the elderly, above all because it empowers them, while at the same time reducing their social exclusion. The aim of this paper is to closely examine the actual state of affairs and the education possibilities for older adults in Slovenia. The…

  11. The History of Adult Education in Greece. (United States)

    Boucouvalas, Marcie

    Adult education in Greece dates back to the time of Homer. Poetry and Panhellenic festivals were the earliest forms of adult education in Greece. By classical times, however, an entire learning society of human and material resources had been developed. Greek society experienced periods of high levels of culture and learning only to be conquered…

  12. Liberating Knowledge: Research, Feminism, and Adult Education. (United States)

    Barr, Jean

    This book, which is directed toward tutors and learners in women's studies and community-based adult education programs who wish to cross the boundaries between arts, social science, and natural science, explores the relationship between research, feminism, and adult education. The book begins with a preface that provides background information on…

  13. Reappraising the Professionalism of Adult Education. (United States)

    Brown, Carol D.


    Points out the failure of adult educators to define professionalism and to examine the assumptions underlying ideological differences prevalent in the field. Argues for a systematic gathering of data to move the discussion out of the theoretical realm. Explores benefits of moving toward a clearly understood conception of adult education. (JOW)

  14. Sudden Cardiac Death in Young Adults With Previous Hospital-Based Psychiatric Inpatient and Outpatient Treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risgaard, Bjarke; Waagstein, Kristine; Winkel, Bo Gregers


    Introduction: Psychiatric patients have premature mortality compared to the general population. The incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in psychiatric patients is unknown in a nationwide setting. The aim of this study was to compare nationwide SCD incidence rates in young individuals with and......Introduction: Psychiatric patients have premature mortality compared to the general population. The incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in psychiatric patients is unknown in a nationwide setting. The aim of this study was to compare nationwide SCD incidence rates in young individuals...... with and without previous psychiatric disease. Method: Nationwide, retrospective cohort study including all deaths in people aged 18–35 years in 2000–2006 in Denmark. The unique Danish death certificates and autopsy reports were used to identify SCD cases. Psychiatric disease was defined as a previous psychiatric...

  15. Adult education in the continuous education system


    Verbitsky Andrey Aleksandrovich


    The article reveals problems of adults’ education as a part of lifelong learning. The article formulates the mission of continuing education, its values, purposes, contents, and principles and terms of organizing the educational process.

  16. Parents' Education and their Adult Offspring's Other-Regarding Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ulrik Haagen

    among adults. This result is robust across age groups and genders. I provide two explanations for this. First, sociodemographic characteristics in general appear to be poor predictors of adults' other-regarding behavior. Second, by using Danish survey data, I find that Danish parents' educational......Does socioeconomic background when measured by parental educational attainment explain the heterogeneity in adults' other-regarding preferences? I test this by using data from two online experiments -- a Dictator Game and a Trust Game that were conducted with a broad sample of the Danish adult...... population. I match the experimental data with high-quality data from the Danish population registers about my subjects and their parents. Whereas previous studies have found socioeconomic status, including parental educational attainment, to be predictive for children's generosity, I find no such evidence...

  17. Previous hepatitis a virus infection is related to slower psychomotor speed in elderly adults. (United States)

    Hsieh, Cheng-Fang; Liu, Ching-Kuan; Fang, Tzu-Jung; Yu, Yau-Hua; Lai, Chiou-Lian; Kuo, Hsu-Ko


    Patients with chronic viral hepatitis are at a higher risk for cognitive dysfunction. Little is known about the association between hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection and cognitive function. From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2002, we selected study participants (> or =60 years, n = 1,529) without hepatitis B, C, or D virus infection; without previous hepatitis A vaccination; and without abnormal liver function. HAV-seropositive participants represented people with previous HAV infection. Psychomotor speed and executive functioning domain of cognitive function were measured by the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST). HAV-seropositive participants had lower DSST scores than HAV-seronegative participants (weighted mean, 44.4 vs 53.9, p a multivariable model, the weighted adjusted beta coefficient of DSST score was -2.48 (95% CI -2.49 to -2.46, p < .001) for the HAV-seropositive participants. HAV seropositivity is associated with slower psychomotor speed among the U.S. community-dwelling elders.

  18. Adult education: an approach for use in consumer education ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Adult education: an approach for use in consumer education programmes adults from children; that included all types of learn- ing; and that was at once easy and simple to interpret. (Merriam & Caffarella, 1991:125). Yet, there is no such theory. There are, however, many theories use- ful in improving our understanding of ...

  19. Recurrent severe invasive pneumococcal disease in an adult with previously unknown hyposplenia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ballegaard, Vibe C; Schejbel, Lone; Hoffmann, Steen


    BACKGROUND: The risk of life-threatening and invasive infections with encapsulated bacteria is increased in patients with hyposplenia or asplenia. We report a case of recurrent invasive pneumococcal meningitis in a woman with previous unknown hyposplenia. She was vaccinated after the first episode...... was found. Despite immunization against S. pneumoniae and measurement of what was interpreted as protective levels of serotype-specific IgG antibodies after vaccination, the patient suffered from a third episode of IPD. CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with predisposing medical conditions or a history of severe...... infections with encapsulated bacteria should be screened for spleen dysfunction. If splenic function is impaired, prevention against severe invasive infection with encapsulated bacteria are a major priority....

  20. Placing Advocacy at the Heart of Adult Education (United States)

    Taylor, Jackie


    Adult educators know that adults and families change their lives through adult education. Adult education also positively impacts a host of social and economic issues. Yet this fact is largely unknown or misunderstood by the general public. Resources have become increasingly scarce, while at the same time adult educators are asked to do more with…

  1. Regional development, inequality and adult education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle; Staugaard, Hans Jørgen

    Adult education policy exists at many levels – internationally, nationally and locally. In this paper, we look at the challenges, structures and practices of adult education policy at the local level, more specifically in Northern Denmark, one of the five regions of the Danish nation-state. We se...... employed by the local authorities and the educational institutions, and we evaluate both structures and efforts according to their ability to cope with the challenges.......Adult education policy exists at many levels – internationally, nationally and locally. In this paper, we look at the challenges, structures and practices of adult education policy at the local level, more specifically in Northern Denmark, one of the five regions of the Danish nation-state. We see...... the growing social and educational divide between the peripheral areas in the region and the largest city center as a major challenge for the society as a whole and for adult education in particular. In this perspective, we describe the present structures of adult education in the region and the strategies...

  2. Adult Education in American Society: Some Developments, Trends, and Issues. (United States)

    Charters, Alexander N.


    A discussion of adult education in a changing American society is presented in the document. Section 1, Adult Education in American Society, examines societal changes and educational goals as well as the structure and organization of adult education programs. Section 2, The Delivery System of Adult Education, discusses: (1) the audience; (2)…

  3. Associations of obesity with newly diagnosed and previously known atopic diseases in Chinese adults: a case-control study. (United States)

    Xie, Biao; Wang, Zhiqiang; Wang, Yupeng; Liu, Meina; Wang, Yongchen


    To assess the associations of obesity with newly diagnosed and previously known atopic disorders in Chinese adults. 4,629 adults aged 18 years or older were recruited in Harbin, China. Among them, 1,114 were previously diagnosed atopic cases, 1,298 were newly diagnosed cases, and 2,217 non-atopic controls. Obesity and overweight are defined according to the criteria established by the Working Group on Obesity in China. The associations of obesity with known and newly diagnosed atopic disorders were assessed using logistic regressions. Obesity was significantly associated with known atopic disorders (adjusted OR = 2.41 (95% CI: 1.81, 3.22)). The association of obesity with newly diagnosed atopic cases was not as strong as that with known cases, and was not statistically significant (adjusted OR = 1.27 (95% CI: 0.94, 1.72)). The similar pattern was observed in different allergic diseases, gender and age stratifications. The association between overweight and atopic diseases were not significant. Obesity is strongly associated with previously diagnosed atopic cases but not so with newly diagnosed atopic cases in Chinese adults. It is likely that people with atopic disorders have a higher risk of developing obesity. Our findings are important for the management of atopic disorders and chronic disease prevention among atopic disease patients.

  4. Gramsci, Freire and Adult Education. Possibilities for Transformative Action. Global Perspectives on Adult Education and Training. (United States)

    Mayo, Peter

    This book examines the ideas of Antonio Gramsci and Paulo Freire regarding radical education and adult education's role in the struggle for liberation from oppression. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the following topics: Gramsci and Freire's theories; publications about both men in the adult education literature; and the principles of…

  5. Globalisation, transnational policies and adult education (United States)

    Milana, Marcella


    Globalisation, transnational policies and adult education - This paper examines policy documents produced by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the European Union (EU) in the field of adult education and learning. Both these entities address adult education as an explicit object of policy. This paper investigates how globalisation processes are constructed as policy problems when these transnational political agents propose adult education as a response. The author's main argument is that while UNESCO presents the provision of adult education as a means for governments worldwide to overcome disadvantages experienced by their own citizenry, the EU institutionalises learning experiences as a means for governments to sustain regional economic growth and political expansion. After reviewing the literature on globalisation to elucidate the theories that inform current understanding of contemporary economic, political, cultural and ecological changes as political problems, she presents the conceptual and methodological framework of her analysis. The author then examines the active role played by UNESCO and the EU in promoting adult education as a policy objective at transnational level, and unpacks the specific problem "representations" that are substantiated by these organisations. She argues that UNESCO and EU processes assign specific values and meanings to globalisation, and that these reflect a limited understanding of the complexity of globalisation. Finally, she considers two of the effects produced by these problem representations.

  6. Adult Political Education in Republican Rome (United States)

    Maddox, Graham


    Focusing on the later Roman republic, an account is given of the political roles of aristocrats and plebeians and of how public meetings, presided over by the tribunes, gave the common people a practical form of adult political education. (LY)

  7. Adult Learning, Transformative Education, and Indigenous Epistemology (United States)

    McEachern, Diane


    This chapter describes an innovative program that weaves together adult learning, transformative education, and indigenous epistemology in order to prepare Alaskan rural indigenous social service providers to better serve their communities.

  8. Integration through adult and continuing education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne; Geiger, Tinne


    In the Nordic countries a large proportion of immigrants and descendants are excluded from the labour market and the group is overrepresented among the unemployed. International experience shows that adult education and training can be useful tools in providing immigrant groups a foothold in the ...... countries, analysing the use of adult education and training targeted at the integration of immigrants into the labour market (employability) . This article outlines the findings and relates them to international experience....

  9. A Future for Adult Educators in Patient Education (United States)

    Fleming, Jean E.


    Adult education in healthcare comes in several forms: degree and certificate programs aimed at preparing better academic and clinical educators; and community education programs aimed at wellness, rehabilitation, or learning to live with chronic diseases. Patient-centered healthcare, however, is part of something new: coordinated and transitional…

  10. Recruitment in Adult Basic Education, Handbook. (United States)

    Mulvey, Mary C.

    The handbook contains general information about adult basic education (ABE) and publicity for programs in the Providence School Department in particular, complete with materials used for recruitment via posters, newspaper articles, radio, television, and mailed flyers. Problems and causes of adult illiteracy are briefly discussed followed by ABE…

  11. Interactive Influences on Health and Adult Education (United States)

    Hill, Lilian H.


    This chapter examines multiple convergent forces affecting health, relates these to social determinants of health and critical adult health learning, and closes with discussion of opportunities for adult educators to contribute to human health at the individual, community, health provider, policy/regulatory agency, and international levels.

  12. Standards for Adult Education ESL Programs. (United States)

    Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

    This monograph describes the components of a quality adult education English as a Second Language (ESL) program. The standards reflect the great variety of adult ESL programs in the United States. Part 1, "Introduction," describes issues to be considered in developing standards for program quality and explains how to use the program…

  13. Initial qualifications of adult educators – a comparative view

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella; Larson, Anne; Søgaard Lund, Lise

    General adult education, vocationally oriented adult education and liberal education often represent separated fields of public intervention. Each of these sectors is characterized by organizational features and a financial structure that support the pursuing of specific educational goals....... These distinctions are reflected not only in the provision of adult education opportunities but also in public policies on adult learning. Consequently, initial education and training of adult educators as well as the policy on qualification of adult education professionals differs both between countries and between......, the paper will critically review current public policies in the field and problematise the role of existing education and training opportunities in providing those willing to teach adults in general adult education, vocationally oriented adult education or liberal education with the qualifications required...

  14. Consumer Education Curriculum Guide for Adults. Draft. (United States)

    Clemson Univ., SC. Vocational Education Media Center.

    The consumer education for adults guide, part of a consumer and homemaking education unit, was developed in a curriculum workshop at Winthrop College in June 1972. It was written in reference to a norm grouping. The concepts presented are: family life cycle, life style, the consumer in the economy, spending plan, consumer credit, financing…

  15. Environmental Ethics: Questions for Adult Education. (United States)

    Parker, Jenneth


    Presents a series of questions through which adult educators can explore controversial questions of environmental values and moral behavior in their programs. The subjects include geography, local history, natural history, economics, politics, business, labor education, world affairs, literature, women's studies, psychology, and courses for the…

  16. Research Areas in Adult and Continuing Education (United States)

    Zawacki-Richter, Olaf; Röbken, Heinke; Ehrenspeck-Kolasa, Yvonne; von Ossietzky, Carl


    This study builds upon a Delphi study carried out by Zawacki-Richter (2009) which posited a validated classification of research areas in the special area of distance education. We now replicate the study for the broader field of adult and continuing education (ACE). The aims of this paper are: firstly, to develop a categorisation of research…

  17. Physical Education Waivers and Young Adult Activity (United States)

    Mears, Derrick


    This study was to evaluate the relationship between physical activity of young adults who were granted waivers from high school physical education versus those who completed courses in states requiring physical education teacher certification, with curriculum standards and credit requirements for graduation. University students from three…




  19. Standards for Adult Education ESL Programs (United States)

    TESOL Press, 2013


    What are the components of a quality education ESL program? TESOL's "Standards for Adult Education ESL Programs" answers this question by defining quality components from a national perspective. Using program indicators in eight distinct areas, the standards can be used to review an existing program or as a guide in setting up a new…

  20. Initial education and training pathways for danish adult educators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella


    The contribution aims at mapping out initial education and training opportunities for Danish adult educators and to examine key structural features that characterise professionalisation processes in the field of adult education. The analysis draws on policy documents and available research...... on the topic. Part one identifies specific policies put forward by the Danish Government to enhance efficiency in the field of adult learning. Part two introduces the institutional shaping of the Danish AET system after extensive reform and identifies official requirements for the recruitment of teaching staff......, whenever available. In spite of a high degree of differentiation in terms of educational offer, when it comes to the identification of qualification criteria for the recruitment of teaching staff,  no specific pedagogical qualifications in teaching adults are officially required, but few exceptions. Part...

  1. Wider benefits of adult education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schuller, Tom; Desjardins, Richard


    This article discusses the measurement of the social outcomes of learning. It extends the discussion beyond employment and labor market outcomes to consider the impact of adult learning on social domains, with particular focus on health and civic engagement. It emphasizes the distinction between ...... public and private, and monetary and nonmonetary benefits. It reviews methodological issues on measuring outcomes, and identifies a number of channels through which adult learning has its effects....

  2. Globalization, transnational policies and adult education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella


    In this article I examine policy documents produced by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the European Union (EU) in the field of adult education and learning. In doing so, I critically examine how globalization processes are constructed as policy...... problems when these transnational political agents propose adult education as a response. My main argument is that while UNESCO presents the provision of adult education as a means for governments to globally overcome disadvantages experienced by their own citizenry, the EU institutionalizes learning...... experiences as a means for governments to sustain regional economic growth and political expansion. After reviewing the literature on globalization to elucidate the theories that inform current understanding of contemporary economic, political, cultural and ecological changes as political problems, I present...

  3. Applying adult learning practices in medical education. (United States)

    Reed, Suzanne; Shell, Richard; Kassis, Karyn; Tartaglia, Kimberly; Wallihan, Rebecca; Smith, Keely; Hurtubise, Larry; Martin, Bryan; Ledford, Cynthia; Bradbury, Scott; Bernstein, Henry Hank; Mahan, John D


    The application of the best practices of teaching adults to the education of adults in medical education settings is important in the process of transforming learners to become and remain effective physicians. Medical education at all levels should be designed to equip physicians with the knowledge, clinical skills, and professionalism that are required to deliver quality patient care. The ultimate outcome is the health of the patient and the health status of the society. In the translational science of medical education, improved patient outcomes linked directly to educational events are the ultimate goal and are best defined by rigorous medical education research efforts. To best develop faculty, the same principles of adult education and teaching adults apply. In a systematic review of faculty development initiatives designed to improve teaching effectiveness in medical education, the use of experiential learning, feedback, effective relationships with peers, and diverse educational methods were found to be most important in the success of these programs. In this article, we present 5 examples of applying the best practices in teaching adults and utilizing the emerging understanding of the neurobiology of learning in teaching students, trainees, and practitioners. These include (1) use of standardized patients to develop communication skills, (2) use of online quizzes to assess knowledge and aid self-directed learning, (3) use of practice sessions and video clips to enhance significant learning of teaching skills, (4) use of case-based discussions to develop professionalism concepts and skills, and (5) use of the American Academy of Pediatrics PediaLink as a model for individualized learner-directed online learning. These examples highlight how experiential leaning, providing valuable feedback, opportunities for practice, and stimulation of self-directed learning can be utilized as medical education continues its dynamic transformation in the years ahead

  4. Reference values for spirometry, including vital capacity, in Japanese adults calculated with the LMS method and compared with previous values. (United States)

    Kubota, Masaru; Kobayashi, Hirosuke; Quanjer, Philip H; Omori, Hisamitsu; Tatsumi, Koichiro; Kanazawa, Minoru


    Reference values for lung function tests should be periodically updated because of birth cohort effects and improved technology. This study updates the spirometric reference values, including vital capacity (VC), for Japanese adults and compares the new reference values with previous Japanese reference values. Spirometric data from healthy non-smokers (20,341 individuals aged 17-95 years, 67% females) were collected from 12 centers across Japan, and reference equations were derived using the LMS method. This method incorporates modeling skewness (lambda: L), mean (mu: M), and coefficient of variation (sigma: S), which are functions of sex, age, and height. In addition, the age-specific lower limits of normal (LLN) were calculated. Spirometric reference values for the 17-95-year age range and the age-dependent LLN for Japanese adults were derived. The new reference values for FEV(1) in males are smaller, while those for VC and FVC in middle age and elderly males and those for FEV(1), VC, and FVC in females are larger than the previous values. The LLN of the FEV(1)/FVC for females is larger than previous values. The FVC is significantly smaller than the VC in the elderly. The new reference values faithfully reflect spirometric indices and provide an age-specific LLN for the 17-95-year age range, enabling improved diagnostic accuracy. Compared with previous prediction equations, they more accurately reflect the transition in pulmonary function during young adulthood. In elderly subjects, the FVC reference values are not interchangeable with the VC values. Copyright © 2014 The Japanese Respiratory Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. 45 CFR 605.38 - Preschool and adult education. (United States)


    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Preschool and adult education. 605.38 Section 605... Preschool, Elementary, and Secondary Education § 605.38 Preschool and adult education. A recipient to which this subpart applies that provides preschool education or day care or adult education may not, on the...

  6. Examination of previously published data to identify patterns in the social representation of "Loud music" in young adults across countries. (United States)

    Manchaiah, Vinaya; Zhao, Fei; Oladeji, Susan; Ratinaud, Pierre


    The current study was aimed at understanding the patterns in the social representation of loud music reported by young adults in different countries. The study included a sample of 534 young adults (18-25 years) from India, Iran, Portugal, United Kingdom, and United States. Participants were recruited using a convince sampling, and data were collected using the free association task. Participants were asked to provide up to five words or phrases that come to mind when thinking about "loud music." The data were first analyzed using the qualitative content analysis. This was followed by quantitative cluster analysis and chi-square analysis. The content analysis suggested 19 main categories of responses related to loud music. The cluster analysis resulted in for main clusters, namely: (1) emotional oriented perception; (2) problem oriented perception; (3) music and enjoyment oriented perception; and (4) positive emotional and recreation-oriented perception. Country of origin was associated with the likelihood of participants being in each of these clusters. The current study highlights the differences and similarities in young adults' perception of loud music. These results may have implications to hearing health education to facilitate healthy listening habits.

  7. Adult Learning in Educational Tourism (United States)

    Pitman, Tim; Broomhall, Sue; McEwan, Joanne; Majocha, Elzbieta


    This article explores notions of learning in the niche market sector of educational tourism, with a focus on organised recreational tours that promote a structured learning experience as a key feature. It analyses the qualitative findings of surveys and interviews with a cross-section of educational tourism providers in Australia, their…

  8. Critical Culture: Environmental Adult Education in Public Museums (United States)

    Bell, Lorraine; Clover, Darlene E.


    This chapter explores how museums, as educational and cultural institutions, can become agents of socioecological transformation. The ideas of critical museum studies and environmental adult education are reviewed, and three examples of environmental adult education in museums are discussed.

  9. Prevalence of Depression and Associated Factors in Non-institutionalized Older Adults With a Previous History of Falling. (United States)

    Pellicer-García, Begoña; Antón-Solanas, Isabel; Moreno-González, Sergio; Castro-Sánchez, Enrique; Juárez-Vela, Raúl


    The purpose of this paper was to estimate the prevalence of depression and associated factors in people aged 65 or older with a history of falling in the last 12months. A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed involving a random sample of 213 participants from two social centers for older adults in the city of Zaragoza (Spain). The mean age of the participants was 77.3years (SD±7.0). Our findings reveal a prevalence of depression of 28.2% in the study sample, with older adults who were at a high risk of falling being more susceptible to developing depression. In conclusion, one in three elderly people who were at risk of suffering a fall in the 12months prior to data collection had symptoms of depression. This is in agreement with the results from previous studies, which confirm that there is a high prevalence of depression in elderly patients with a previous history of falls. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Changes in the functional binocular status of older children and adults with previously untreated infantile esotropia following late surgical realignment. (United States)

    Murray, Anthony David Neil; Orpen, Jane; Calcutt, Carolyn


    Most studies of infantile esotropia concern patients diagnosed in infancy and treated throughout childhood. This prospective study addresses changes in the functional binocular status of older children and adults with previously untreated infantile esotropia, following late surgical realignment. Seventeen patients aged 8 years or more with a history of untreated esotropia occurring within the first 6 months of life were included in this study. All had monocular optokinetic asymmetry, a visual acuity of 20/30 or better in the worse eye, and binocular function assesment preoperatively and postoperatively. All were surgically aligned within 8(Delta) of orthotropia. None had neurologic disease. Preoperatively, all 17 patients demonstrated a monocular response to Bagolini lenses, while postoperatively 15 (88%) of the 17 demonstrated binocular function with Bagolini lenses (in that they could constantly perceive the major part of both arms of the X generated by the Bagolini lenses) and 13/17 (76%) demonstrated an increase in the binocular field. All 17 had no sensory fusion, either preoperatively or postoperatively, when tested with the Worth 4-Dot test or synoptophore, and no stereopsis with the Titmus stereo test. Older children and adults with previously untreated infantile esotropia derive some functional benefits following late surgical realignment. The degree of binocular function may be lower than that achieved in patients aligned before 24 months of age.

  11. Readers in Adult Basic Education: Component Skills, Eye Movements, and Fluency (United States)

    Barnes, Adrienne E.; Kim, Young-Suk; Tighe, Elizabeth L.; Vorstius, Christian


    The present study explored the reading skills of a sample of 48 adults enrolled in a basic education program in northern Florida, United States. Previous research has reported on reading component skills for students in adult education settings, but little is known about eye movement patterns or their relation to reading skills for this…

  12. Baseline characteristics and effects of ten years of growth hormone (GH) replacement therapy in adults previously treated with pituitary irradiation. (United States)

    Elbornsson, Mariam; Götherström, Galina; Bengtsson, Bengt-Åke; Johannsson, Gudmundur; Svensson, Johan


    Little is known of the importance of previous irradiation therapy for baseline characteristics and responsiveness to GH replacement in GH deficient (GHD) adults. In this prospective, single-centre, open-label study, the effects of 10-year GH replacement were determined in 18 GHD adults that had previously received conventional external fractionated pituitary irradiation therapy (IRR group) and 18 non-irradiated GHD patients (non-IRR group). All patients had adult onset disease and complete deficiency of anterior pituitary hormones and both groups were comparable in terms of age, gender, body mass index (BMI), and waist:hip ratio. At baseline, IRR patients had higher serum triglyceride (TG) and insulin levels and lower high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (HDL-C) level than non-IRR patients (all pGH replacement improved body composition, bone mass and serum lipid profile without any between-group differences, except for a marginally more beneficial response in serum TG level in the IRR patients. After 10 years, there was no between-group difference in any variable after correction for a higher replacement dose of glucocorticoids in the IRR patients at study end using an analysis of covariance. During the 10-year GH replacement, 5 IRR patients suffered from vascular events (2 fatal) whereas only one non-fatal vascular event occurred in the non-IRR patients. IRR patients with GHD display a more severely impaired cardiovascular risk profile at baseline, which was reversed by the 10-year GH replacement after correction for the higher glucocorticoid dose at study end. However, vascular events occurred more frequently in the IRR patients. © 2013.

  13. Reference Values for Spirometry Derived Using Lambda, Mu, Sigma (LMS) Method in Korean Adults: in Comparison with Previous References. (United States)

    Jo, Bum Seak; Myong, Jun Pyo; Rhee, Chin Kook; Yoon, Hyoung Kyu; Koo, Jung Wan; Kim, Hyoung Ryoul


    The present study aimed to update the prediction equations for spirometry and their lower limits of normal (LLN) by using the lambda, mu, sigma (LMS) method and to compare the outcomes with the values of previous spirometric reference equations. Spirometric data of 10,249 healthy non-smokers (8,776 females) were extracted from the fourth and fifth versions of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV, 2007-2009; V, 2010-2012). Reference equations were derived using the LMS method which allows modeling skewness (lambda [L]), mean (mu [M]), and coefficient of variation (sigma [S]). The outcome equations were compared with previous reference values. Prediction equations were presented in the following form: predicted value = e{a + b × ln(height) + c × ln(age) + M - spline}. The new predicted values for spirometry and their LLN derived using the LMS method were shown to more accurately reflect transitions in pulmonary function in young adults than previous prediction equations derived using conventional regression analysis in 2013. There were partial discrepancies between the new reference values and the reference values from the Global Lung Function Initiative in 2012. The results should be interpreted with caution for young adults and elderly males, particularly in terms of the LLN for forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity in elderly males. Serial spirometry follow-up, together with correlations with other clinical findings, should be emphasized in evaluating the pulmonary function of individuals. Future studies are needed to improve the accuracy of reference data and to develop continuous reference values for spirometry across all ages. © 2018 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.

  14. Adult education and the quality of life (United States)

    Tuijnman, Albert


    The purpose of this study is to investigate the complementary role of adult education in influencing people's objective and subjective quality of life. The analytical strategy used to achieve this end is to estimate parameters in a path model which includes both objective indicators such as occupational status and earned income, and subjective indicators such as job satisfaction and perceived personal wellbeing. The investigation builds on Swedish data and employs the LISREL method in the fitting of the model to the data. The results indicate that adult education positively influences objective indicators of the quality of life. Even though adult education is found to relate to measures of perceived personal wellbeing, the hypothesis that it also influences the way men assess their life situation and evaluate their subjective quality of life cannot be confirmed.

  15. Adult Jewish Education and Participation among Reform Jewish Women (United States)

    Mareschal, Teresa L.


    The history of adult Jewish education is rich and is replete with learning opportunities for Jewish adults, and Jewish women are active participants in adult Jewish education. In this chapter, the author examines Reform Jewish women's motivations to participate in adult Jewish education. First, she provides a historical overview of Judaism and…

  16. Older adult education in Lithuanian ageing society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zemaitaityte I.


    Full Text Available The article analyzes the phenomenon of the demographic ageing of the population and educational opportunities for older adults in Lithuania. Ageing population is a natural outcome of demographic evolution of society. However, a growing number of older people in Lithuania as well as in other European countries requires continuous revision of societal resources in social security, economics, education, health care areas and their adjustment to the new demands. Though current discussion in Lithuania highlights the inclusion of older adults into active social life through educational activities, the studies in diverse areas show that a small number of older people take part in lifelong learning. For this reason and in the attempt to make older people feel satisfaction with life it is necessary to encourage their activity, to promote their social roles, to give them opportunities to take up voluntary tasks, educational and cultural functions and study new subjects.

  17. Adults Need Sex Education Too. (United States)

    Colton, Helen

    This volume examines attitudes toward sexual behavior, the cost of sexual ignorance, the need for research in the area of the relationship between sex and mental health, the new emerging holistic sexual philosophy, changing attitudes toward selected sexual behaviors, the meaning of sexual maturity, the role of the parent as sex educator, the…

  18. The parallel adult education system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne


    for competence development. The Danish university educational system includes two parallel programs: a traditional academic track (candidatus) and an alternative practice-based track (master). The practice-based program was established in 2001 and organized as part time. The total program takes half the time...

  19. Humanistic Model in Adult Education and Science and Technology ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Humanistic Model in Adult Education and Science and Technology: Challenges of the 21 st Century Developing Nation. ... Annals of Modern Education ... is the result of the scientific and technological advancement, this paper considers humanistic model in adult education as liberal education appropriate for adult age.

  20. The History of the Democratic Adult Education Movement in Spain (United States)

    Oliver, Esther; Tellado, Itxaso; Yuste, Montserrat; Larena-Fernández, Rosa


    Background/Context: Traditional adult education in Spain treated the learner as a mere object that could be shaped by the educator. Although current practices of the democratic adult education movement in Spain reveals a completely opposite standpoint on adult education, there has been little analysis of the several influences converging and…

  1. Specialization or Balkanization: Organizations of Adult Educators. (United States)

    Selman, Gordon R.


    Examines the balkanization of adult education and the creation of barriers to communication within the field, suggests a typology of organizations, reviews the functions of a representative selection of organizations, and comments on the strengths and problems in the present arrangement. (JOW)

  2. Learning Technologies for Adult Continuing Education (United States)

    Mason, Robin


    This paper discusses three technologies used in an adult continuing education Masters programme: blogging, learning objects and e-portfolios. My reflections on their use and on the literature underpinning their use form the basis of the discussion. All three of these technologies were used to promote self-directed learning, reflection and learner…

  3. Adult education and the quality of life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tuijnman, Albert; Tuijnman, Albert C.


    The purpose of this study is to investigate the complementary role of adult education in influencing people's objective and subjective quality of life. The analytical strategy used to achieve this end is to estimate parameters in a path model which includes both objective indicators such as

  4. Integrating Indigenous Knowledge in Adult Environmental Education ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper critically examines the integration of Ogiek's Indigenous Knowledge in Adult Environmental Education through ODL Strategies for Sustainable Conservation of Mau Forest in Kenya. An ethno-historical approach was employed in the design, instrumentation, data collection, analysis and interpretation. To achieve ...

  5. Intimacy and Ethical Action in Adult Education (United States)

    Plumb, Donovan


    This article suggests that thinking about the nature of intimacy, especially sexual intimacy, is a good way of deepening our understanding of how deep-seated psychic vulnerabilities play an important role in adult education contexts. Drawing on psychoanalytic accounts of human development, the paper outlines how the capacity for ethical action in…

  6. Gender and the Curriculum of Adult Education. (United States)

    Blundell, Sue


    The perspectives of four feminist discourses (liberal, radical, Marxist, and socialist) analyze the role of adult education curriculum in reinforcing gender relations. The transformation of gender relations requires a combination of radical strategies such as women-centered, women-only methodology and the theoretical framework of the…

  7. Management of Adult Education Organisations in Africa (United States)

    Nafukho, Fredrick Muyia; Wawire, Nelson H. W.; Lam, Penina Mungania


    Adult education is now considered a mainstream academic discipline in several African countries, and its importance in today's knowledge and "ideas" economies is growing steadily. It is provided by organisations such as public universities, training colleges, corporate universities and employers. The successful operation of educational…

  8. Technology in Adult Education ESOL Classes (United States)

    Ball, Nancy


    Today's world is filled with technology resources such as cellphones, iPods, laptops and the internet. By using these technological resources, adult education ESOL teachers can improve instruction, boost learning and better prepare students for real world English use. This article examines advantages of technology use and offers examples of…

  9. Deliberative Democracy and Adult Civic Education (United States)

    Carcasson, Martin; Sprain, Leah


    Adult education programs should turn to the deliberative democracy movement in order to help their communities better address the "wicked problems" they face. The authors contend that due to the "wicked" nature of problems in the diverse democracies, communities must develop and sustain their capacity for deliberative democracy and collaborative…

  10. Training of adult education teachers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne


    The background of the study was that a group of teachers should develop competences in order to apply a new pedagogical approach, cooperative learning (CL), in a skilled manner. The total competence development process included theoretical knowledge about the method, practical training in its use......, and ongoing and extensive coaching related to the teachers' experiences of implementing CL. It was assumed that the competence development process would result in a higher usage of CL as well as an increasingly professional and more reflected application of the teaching method over the year. The results from...... into the course, teachers already perceived themselves as being able to apply the method. They also reported that their skills were developed further during the course. They found that they became better at solving educational challenges, that they became more satisfied with their own teaching, and that they were...

  11. Training of Adult Education Teachers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne


    The background of the study was that a group of teachers should develop competences in order to apply a new pedagogical approach, cooperative learning (CL), in a skilled manner. The total competence development process included theoretical knowledge about the method, practical training in its use......, and ongoing and extensive coaching related to the teachers' experiences of implementing CL. It was assumed that the competence development process would result in a higher usage of CL as well as an increasingly professional and more reflected application of the teaching method over the year. The results from...... into the course, teachers already perceived themselves as being able to apply the method. They also reported that their skills were developed further during the course. They found that they became better at solving educational challenges, that they became more satisfied with their own teaching, and that they were...

  12. From Politicized Adult Education to Market Oriented Adult Higher Education: How Adult Education Practice in One Region is Different from Another (United States)

    Wang, Victor C. X.; Mott, Vivian W.


    This study investigated the general instructional modes of adult educators in Southeast China and Northeast China. The study utilized Conti's (1983, 2004) Principles of Adult Learning Scale (PALS) to measure instructional modes of adult educators. Data were collected from 112 randomly selected participants engaged in teaching Chinese adult…

  13. School inclusion in youth and adult education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eglaucimara Oliveira Rodriguez


    Full Text Available This study investigates teachers’ perceptions about the assistance provided to students with special educational needs, developmental disorders and high skills or giftedness at a state educational institution in Londrina (Brazil which offers exclusively Youth and Adult Education modality. For this, we applied an instrument to collect data with 24 participants whose questions were about school inclusion in Youth and Adult Education. The results showed that most teachers did not receive specific training to support pupils with special educational needs. These professionals reported that they are dissatisfied with the developed work, highlighting the lack of training and capacitating programs as the main cause. Data also showed that, in seeking help and support for professional practice, teachers usually rely on colleagues with specific training and the school teaching staff. Several points highlighted as barriers for effective school inclusion are related to questions present in any heterogeneous class and not specifically with students with special educational needs. Thus, it is believed that the inclusion in the school environment can be a reality and the teacher is a key element in the consolidation of this process.

  14. Adult Education as Public Policy: A Perspective from Latin America. (United States)

    Torres, Carlos Alberto


    Discusses policies concerning adult education which have been designed and carried out in Latin America. Contends that the adult basic education policy does not provide the clientele with better tools to face the challenges of society. Calls for an understanding of the inner rationality of adult education programs. (KO)

  15. Adult Education Faculty and Programs in North America (United States)

    Tisdell, Elizabeth J.; Wright, Robin Redmon; Taylor, Edward W.


    This article reports on the findings of a quantitative survey of North American adult education faculty and a textual analysis of websites of adult education graduate programs in North America conducted in the fall of 2013. This study examined background information about adult education faculty and programs; the nature of faculty work interests,…

  16. Social Care in Adult Education: Resisting a Marketplace Agenda (United States)

    Taber, Nancy


    This article describes a research study about the experiences of adult educators in which the stories of three of the participants were central in exploring the issue of social care in adult education. It proposes that the adult educators with a social care orientation in this study acknowledge the importance of, and work to provide for, human…

  17. Philosophy of adult education and the implication for agricultural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adult Education and Agricultural extension play complementary roles. This is why Adult education is a prerequisite for agricultural extension. The paper highlights the relationhip between adult education and extension using the philosophy as a fulcrum between both. The paper further reiterated the need for sound methods, ...

  18. 38 CFR 21.142 - Adult basic education. (United States)


    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Adult basic education. 21...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Special Rehabilitation Services § 21.142 Adult basic education. (a) Definition. The term adult basic...

  19. Shifting Lenses: A Critical Examination of Disability in Adult Education (United States)

    Rocco, Tonette S.; Delgado, Antonio


    This article critiques the ways adult educators discuss disability. To enhance the discourse on disability from a critical perspective, the authors present concepts and theories from disability studies useful for a critical examination of disability in adult education. Disability should be an important concern for adult education and adult…

  20. An Analysis of Europe within Adult Education Literature (United States)

    Yelich Biniecki, Susan M.


    This literature review analyzes how Europe is situated within adult education literature from 2005 to present. Europe as a place and an idea influences and is influenced by adult education as well as historical and current events. The conceptualization of Europe within the dynamic field of international adult education is a necessary realm of…

  1. The Changing Nature of Adult Education in the Age of Transnational Migration: Toward a Model of Recognitive Adult Education (United States)

    Guo, Shibao


    This chapter examines the changing nature of adult education in the age of transnational migration and proposes recognitive adult education as an inclusive model that acknowledges and affirms cultural difference and diversity as positive and desirable assets.

  2. National priorities and training of adult educators in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ema Perme


    Full Text Available Well-qualified educators are a vital factor for the quality of adult education, enhancing inclusion in lifelong learning, An increase in interest for non-formal adult education programmes has been recorded; however, the public funds for non-for- mal adult education regarding future activities have been reduced (Analysis ReNPIO 2005-2008, 2010. When dealing with adults with a lack of education, skills and vocational and professional competencies, more common in people at lower educational levels and in the groups that require special social care (adults with special needs, groups that are vulnerable and marginal in other ways, the Roma and members of other ethnic communities, etc. we tend to come across situational and dispositional obstacles. They represent the basic obstacles for successful inclusion in lifelong learning (EK, 2011, which is often a precondition for development of basic competencies. Adult education, with properly trained adult educators, is one of the key social mechanisms for reaching the goals, set in the EU strategic documents. We are faced with dilemmas and challenges, since our national legislation fails to adequately determine educational requirements, knowledge and competen- cies for adult educators (ZOFVI, 1996; ZIO, 1996; somewhat more specific is the national policy regarding education and training of educators for special, publicly recognized programmes in adult education and specific adult education activities (infrastructural activities, provision of information and guidance, autonomous learning, quality, etc.

  3. Satisfaction with Previous Sexual Health Education as a Predictor of Intentions to Pursue Further Sexual Health Education (United States)

    Rye, B. J.; Mashinter, Carling; Meaney, Glenn J.; Wood, Eileen; Gentile, Savannah


    This paper investigates the nature of the relationship between satisfaction with high school sexual health education and the pursuit of a post-secondary human sexuality course. In an initial study, first-year university students who received high school sexual health education in Ontario completed a questionnaire which assessed their satisfaction…

  4. Adult Education and Indigenous Peoples in Latin America (United States)

    Schmelkes, Sylvia


    This article describes the educational situation of indigenous peoples in Latin America, and in particular their scant participation in adult education activities. It analyses the historical, structural and institutional barriers to their greater involvement in adult education. The article proposes to look at indigenous demands on education as a…

  5. Transitioning Students from Adult Education to Postsecondary Education through Co-Enrollment Career Pathways Model (United States)

    Maisak, Nadzeya


    As the need for educated workers in the workforce grows at the national and state level, educating low-skilled adults is one way of addressing the skills gap. Adult education programs offer low-skilled adults an opportunity to increase basic academic skills and prepare for college and career. Today, transitioning students from adult education…

  6. Role of Adult Education in the Green Revolution (United States)

    Mathur, J. C.


    Rural and agricultural extension, functional literacy education, preparation of agricultural experts, education of urban dwellers concerning agricultural matters, and other forms of adult education can contribute to modernization in India. (LY)

  7. Closing the Gap: Opportunities for Distance Education to Benefit Adult Learners in Higher Education (United States)

    Carlsen, A.; Holmberg, C.; Neghina, C.; Owusu-Boampong, A.


    Distance education in higher education is a fast-growing and widespread phenomenon. As many adults are unable to participate in on-campus education, distance education offers flexible learning paths that greatly enhance accessibility to higher education. Exploring distance education's potential to increase the participation of adult learners in…

  8. Tensions and dilemmas in adult education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begoña Rumbo Arcas


    Full Text Available 0 0 1 102 565 USAL 4 1 666 14.0 Normal 0 21 false false false ES JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-ansi-language:ES; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;} In a society based on rationality "modern" in the adult education wanted to achieve social emancipation, we have evolved into a society legitimized by a new rationality in which adult education becomes a commodity service the new global market and new postmodern cultural values??. Obviously, these changes have the appearance of "new discourse" that deal with the concept of adult education as synonymous with other concepts and a more pragmatic purpose of solving the problems of the present world. Learning means to efficiently respond to the rapid and changing market needs. Education becomes lifelong learning and the workplace acts as a learning organization.

  9. Is adult education a ‘white’ business? Professionals with migrant backgrounds in Austrian adult education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brigitte Kukovetz


    Full Text Available This paper is based on an applied research project, which examines the participation of migrants (first and second generation as professionals in Austrian adult education. We present selected outcomes concerning barriers and encouraging factors in the careers of professionals with migrant background. Our main findings show the importance of the recognition of credentials, of social capital and of strategies to avoid discrimination on behalf of the institutions of adult education. Introducing the analytical perspective of critical whiteness, we conclude that Austrian adult education still has to reflect its own role in terms of white privileges. Finally we point out some approaches and strategies to widening participation and reducing discrimination in the professional field.

  10. Investigating Attitudes of Adult Educators towards Educational Mobile Media and Games in Eight European Countries (United States)

    Demirbilek, Muhammet


    The purpose of this research was to investigate adult educators' attitudes and perceptions of the current use of technology, mobile devices, and educational games in adult education, which is defined as any formal or informal education or training aimed at an adult population that is older than traditional university students. Learning styles and…

  11. A Manual for New Teachers in Adult Basic Education. (United States)

    Greater Cuyahoga County Consortium.

    This manual is designed for all adult education staff in the Cleveland Heights-Univesity Heights (Ohio) Public Schools who have worked in adult education for 1 year or less. It is intended to help staff participants develop an introduction to knowledge, skills, and approaches for working with adult learners. Contents include literacy statistics,…

  12. Qualification paths of adult educators in Sweden and Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Per; Köpsén, Susanne; Larson, Anne


    fields of education and training. In this study, we analyse the qualification paths, or learning trajectories, of prospective adult educators in Sweden and Denmark. The analysis is based on narrative interviews with 29 students in training to become adult educators. The career paths of adult educators...... are often long and winding roads. Becoming an adult educator could be their primary desire, but it could also be their ‘Plan B’, a second choice. Individual motives and external demands interact in the professionalisation process. A shift in focus from teaching subject and methods to teaching context...

  13. World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: Japan. (United States)

    Moro'oka, Kazufusa; And Others

    Three adult education programs being conducted in Japan are described in the case studies in this packet. The first case study (by K. Moro'oka) describes an adult education center in Ohyama in which education and community services are integrated. The program first put emphasis on community building, then on the development of human resources.…

  14. Engaging with Difference. The "Other" in Adult Education. (United States)

    Stuart, Mary, Ed.; Thomson, Alistair, Ed.

    This book, which is written for adult educators working in further and community education and university continuation in Great Britain, contains 12 papers about engaging with those students who have traditionally been excluded from the full range of educational learning opportunities: women, adults with learning difficulties, members of ethnic…

  15. Illinois Adult Education Bridges: Promising Practices. Transition Highlights. Issue 4 (United States)

    Bragg, Debra; Oertle, Kathleen Marie; Kim, Sujung; Kirby, Catherine; Taylor, Jason; Harmon, Tim; Liss, Loralea


    To enhance state-level adult education and employment policy, in 2007 the Joyce Foundation began the Shifting Gears (SG) initiative to assist six states (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and Wisconsin) to integrate adult education, workforce development and postsecondary education policies and improve job opportunities for low-skilled…

  16. Adults' Views on Mathematics Education: A Midwest Sample (United States)

    Brez, Caitlin C.; Allen, Jessica J.


    Currently, few studies have addressed public opinions regarding math education. The current study surveyed adults in a Midwestern town in the United States to assess opinions regarding math and math education. Overall, we found that adults believe that math is useful and that math education is important. We found that parents who currently have a…

  17. Learning from Adult Education Programs in Foreign Countries. (United States)

    Peterson, Richard E.

    This paper sketches major programs for adult education in Sweden, the Soviet Union, France, and England and considers several policy implications for adult education in the United States. The first section examines the reforms in Swedish public education designed to facilitate social equality, with special emphasis on the study circle. A…

  18. Establishing a Link between Adult Education and Community ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Establishing a Link between Adult Education and Community Development for Improved Teaching, Learning and Practice of the Concepts. ... Global Journal of Educational Research ... This discourse therefore reveals the linkages between adult education and community development in terms of theory and practice.

  19. A Conversation with Sharan Merriam: Globalization and Adult Education (United States)

    Saudelli, Mary Gene; Mogadime, Dolana; Taber, Nancy


    On September 22, 2011, Sharan Merriam visited Brock University to give a Distinguished Speaker Lecture. Based on her research about the future of adult education within a global context, Merriam's lecture sets the tone for this special issue on the impact of globalization for adult education and higher education. Subsequently, the authors of this…

  20. Adult Education and the Invention of Alternative Futures (United States)

    Dator, James


    The guest editor introduces a six-article feature on alternative relationships between futures studies and adult education by discussing education as a futures-oriented activity, revealing questions inherent in futurism, recounting its development as a discipline, and stating the adult educator's special obligation to foster discussion of…

  1. An Autoethnographic Exchange: Exploring the Dynamics of Selves as Adult Learners and Adult Educators (United States)

    Plakhotnik, Maria S.; Delgado, Antonio; Seepersad, Rehana


    This article explores four former doctoral students' perceptions about their selves as adult learners and adult educators through the use of autoethnography and reflective dialogue. The dynamics between the two selves were explored to identify emerging themes and implications for practice in adult education. The duality of their roles as learners…

  2. Becoming Adult Educators in theNordic-Baltic Region

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella; Larson, Anne

    of the available variety of courses and programs dealing with adult learning, only few are meant to represent pre-service education and training for prospective teachers of adults. At a first glance, people willing to qualify as adult educators seems to have several opportunities to do so, since the Danish adult...... opportunities, teaching adults still seems to be considered, in the Danish context, either a vocation one ‘learn by doing', rather then a profession one should prepare to perform, before entering the job, through pre-service education and training.......With the increased concerned for lifelong learning comes a higher political attention on adult education and training. Hence on the creation of opportunity structures for adults to engage in intentional learning as well as on the professionalization of those who serve the public good by educating...

  3. 34 CFR 104.38 - Preschool and adult education. (United States)


    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Preschool and adult education. 104.38 Section 104.38 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL...




  5. Transformation of the Adult Education System in Slovakia (United States)

    Švec, Štefan


    This article examines trends in adult education in Slovakia since it became a separate republic in 1993. Economic and social transformations during this period have led to a re-thinking of the adult education system. The author describes four basic modalities for providing adult education in Slovakia: (1) schools and colleges; (2) cultural centres and similar institutions; (3) institutions for vocational training; (4) voluntary organizations such as trade unions, political parties and ethnic minority groups.

  6. Trends in Adult and Continuing Education in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekkehard Nuissl


    Full Text Available This contribution summarizes the most important trends in adult education in Germany as they were elaborated in a secondary analytic research project of the DIE (Deutsches Institut für Erwachsenenbildung – German Institute for Adult Education in 2007. According to the study, participation in continuing education in Germany is increasing after long years of decrease, even though, overall, financing of adult education has been further reduced. Cooperation as well as competition between continuing education institutions has increased. Course offers have become shorter, counselling and information have more significant roles than in the past, and those employed in adult education, especially teaching staff, have a higher level of qualifications than before. Adult education policy in Germany has varying aims as a result of the federal structure of the country. Incentives for vocational and workplace training predominate however.

  7. Internationales Jahrbuch der Erwachsenenbildung, 1969. L'Anee Internationale de l'Education des Adultes. (International Year-Book of Adult Education.) (United States)

    Knoll, Joachim H., Ed.

    This volume of the International Year-book of Adult Education concentrates on interrelated aspects of university education, research, and adult education. Nine articles, accompanied by abstracts in German, English, and French, deal with adult education research in modern Yougoslavia (since 1950); adult education as a field of study within the…

  8. Adult Students in the European Higher Educational Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. G. Gordiyenko


    Full Text Available The paper considers the issue of accessibility of higher education for adults – the people of various ages and social status. The author analyzes the educational policy of the European Union and its different members, and demonstrates the priority of the given issue. The Bologna agreement involves the reforms aimed at guaranteeing the lifelong education at any level.The interest to the adults education in the European Union results from the rising education requirements in the labor market; tough demographic situation and aging of professionals; redistribution of young people’s educational preferences; prolonged educational programs; flexible and consistent adult education policies in the European Union. Various approaches to interpreting a definition of the adult student are analyzed; classification according to students’ motivation and social status is given. 

  9. Health related quality of life and health status in adult survivors with previously operated complex congenital heart disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamphuis, M.; Ottenkamp, J.; Vliegen, H. W.; Vogels, T.; Zwinderman, K. H.; Kamphuis, R. P.; Verloove-Vanhorick, S. P.


    To examine the impact of previously operated complex congenital heart disease on health related quality of life and subjective health status and to determine the relation between these parameters and physical status. Cross sectional; information on medical follow up was sought retrospectively.

  10. Previous Education, Sociodemographic Characteristics, and Nursing Cumulative Grade Point Average as Predictors of Success in Nursing Licensure Examinations. (United States)

    Amankwaa, Isaac; Agyemang-Dankwah, Anabella; Boateng, Daniel


    Introduction. Success in the licensure examination is the only legal prerequisite to practice as a nurse in Ghana. However, a large percentage of nursing students who sit fail this examination for the first time. This study sought to unravel whether prior education, sociodemographic characteristics, and nursing Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) could predict performance in the licensure examinations. Methods. The study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey conducted from November 2014 to April 2015 in the Kumasi metropolis, Ghana on 176 past nursing students. Data was collected using questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS version 22. A logistic regression model was fitted to look at the influence of the explanatory variables on the odds of passing the licensure examinations. All statistical significances were tested at p value of <0.05. Results. Majority, 56.3%, were females and 86.4% were between the ages of 25 and 31 years. Most of the students (88.6%) entered the nursing training colleges with a WASSCE qualification and 38% read general science. 73.9% passed the licensure examinations and the mean CGPA of the students was 2.89 (SD = 0.37). Sociodemographic characteristics and previous education had no influence on performance in the licensure examinations. CGPA had strong positive relationship with performance in licensure examinations (AOR = 15.27; 95% CI = 6.28, 27.11). Conclusion. Students CGPA could be a good predictor of their performance in the licensure examinations. On the other hand, students' sociodemographic and previous educational characteristics might not be important factors to consider in admitting students into the nursing training programme.

  11. Whetting disadvantaged adults' appetite for nutrition education. (United States)

    Pettigrew, Simone; Biagioni, Nicole; Moore, Sarah; Pratt, Iain S


    To identify the features of a nutrition education programme for disadvantaged adults deemed most attractive and useful by participants. A two-year, multi-method, qualitative evaluation of pre and post data collected from programme participants. Data were imported into NVivo10 for coding to facilitate a thematic analysis. Western Australia. Participants Individuals attending the Western Australian FOODcents nutrition education programme that is designed to provide knowledge and skills needed to consume a healthy diet on a budget. Focus groups were conducted several weeks after course completion (five groups, forty-seven participants), observations were conducted during FOODcents sessions (thirty-one observation episodes, 237 participants), and open-ended questions were asked in pre-post hard-copy surveys administered in sessions (n 927) and an online survey administered on average six weeks after course completion (n 114). The course attributes that were found to be especially important to participants were: (i) user-friendly, practical information that could be immediately translated to their daily lives; (ii) experiential learning that involved direct contact with food products; and (iii) opportunities for social interaction. These aspects of nutrition education were described as being highly influential in the decision to participate in the course, the application of the information in their subsequent food purchase and preparation activities, and their word-of-mouth communications with others about the course. Incorporating aspects of most importance to participants into nutrition education programme delivery and promotion may increase joining rates, enjoyment, satisfaction with course content and, ultimately, the uptake of recommended behaviours.

  12. Evaluation of Distance Education System for Adult Education Using 4 Video Transmissions


    渡部, 和雄; 湯瀬, 裕昭; 渡邉, 貴之; 井口, 真彦; 藤田, 広一


    The authors have developed a distance education system for interactive education which can transmit 4 video streams between distant lecture rooms. In this paper, we describe the results of our experiments using the system for adult education. We propose some efficient ways to use the system for adult education.

  13. 76 FR 52687 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for the Bureau of Indian Education Adult Education... (United States)


    ... the Bureau of Indian Education Adult Education Program; Comment Request AGENCY: Bureau of Indian... Act, the Bureau of Education (BIE) is requesting comments on renewal of OMB approval to collect information for the BIE Adult Education Program. The information collection is currently authorized by OMB...

  14. Surgical education and adult learning: Integrating theory into practice. (United States)

    Rashid, Prem


    Surgical education continues to evolve from the master-apprentice model. Newer methods of the process need to be used to manage the dual challenges of educating while providing safe surgical care. This requires integrating adult learning concepts into delivery of practical training and education in busy clinical environments. A narrative review aimed at outlining and integrating adult learning and surgical education theory was undertaken. Additionally, this information was used to relate the practical delivery of surgical training and education in day-to-day surgical practice. Concepts were sourced from reference material. Additional material was found using a PubMed search of the words: 'surgical education theory' and 'adult learning theory medical'. This yielded 1351 abstracts, of which 43 articles with a focus on key concepts in adult education theory were used. Key papers were used to formulate structure and additional cross-referenced papers were included where appropriate. Current concepts within adult learning have a lot to offer when considering how to better deliver surgical education and training. Better integration of adult learning theory can be fruitful. Individual teaching surgical units need to rethink their paradigms and consider how each individual can contribute to the education experience. Up skilling courses for trainers can do much to improve the delivery of surgical education. Understanding adult learning concepts and integrating these into day-to-day teaching can be valuable.

  15. Adult education and the challenges of regional development:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle Damkjær; Staugaard, Hans Jørgen


    of the Danish nation-state. In many ways, the current educational challenges in this remote region of Europe are similar to what can be observed worldwide and especially in countries which are generally considered welfare states. The authors see the growing social and educational divide between the region......Adult education is governed at many levels – internationally, nationally and locally. The authors of this paper look at the challenges, structures and practices of adult education policy at the local level, more specifically in North Denmark Northern Jutland), one of the five administrative regions......’s peripheral areas and its largest city centre as a major challenge – for society as a whole and for adult education in particular. It is from this perspective that the authors describe the present structures of adult education in the region and the strategies employed by local authorities and educational...

  16. The status of adult education in Nigeria | Mambula | Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper is an attempt at highlighting the Status of Adult Education in Nigeria. Although the main thrust of the paper is to explain why and how generally Adult Education has low esteem and status in Nigeria, attempts were made to offer some interpretations of the situation. The paper has also explained the meaning of ...

  17. Adult Education & Human Resource Development: Overlapping and Disparate Fields (United States)

    Watkins, Karen E.; Marsick, Victoria J.


    Adult education and human resource development as fields of practice and study share some roots in common but have grown in different directions in their histories. Adult education's roots focused initially on citizenship for a democratic society, whereas human resource development's roots are in performance at work. While they have…

  18. Management of Adult Education Programme in Abia State, Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adult Education is the instruction or controlled experiences for the mature person so that he/she may attain social, economic, cultural, political or technical competence or individual development. The importance of management in adult education programme cannot be over emphasized because of the vital role it plays in ...

  19. Learning Democratic Reason: The Adult Education Project of Jurgen Habermas (United States)

    Brookfield, Stephen


    The work of Jurgen Habermas is often cited in adult educational literature as underpinning dialogic traditions and practices central to the field. But to many adult educators the density of Habermas's analysis and complexity of his language limit his influence on their practice. This article's intent is to render a comprehensive analysis of the…

  20. Exceptional Adults Learn in Broward Community College's Continuing Education Program (United States)

    Wood, Lucia O'C.; And Others


    Educational Programs for Exceptional Adults (EPEA), a continuing education project for mentally and physically handicapped adults at Broward (Florida) Community College, offers a varied curriculum in personal and vocational adjustment, home management, and leisure time skills, includes a summer camp program, and draws on the support of community…

  1. Suggestions for Realization Rather than Professionalization in Adult Basic Education. (United States)

    Allen, Fred


    A literature review shows lack of consensus in defining adult education and rejection of the application of the traditional model of professionalism to adult basic education (ABE). Carl Rogers' concept of substituting realization for professionalization, as well as the literature of staff preservice and inservice training, can help practitioners…

  2. Barriers to Participation in Religious Adult Education: An Exploratory Study (United States)

    Selman, John Thomas, Jr.


    Millions of Americans profess belief in God and follow a Protestant Christian belief system. However, very little research or literature explores their participation in religious adult education. Several areas within adult education are exhaustively researched such as health care, leisure, and career related courses, but studies within religion go…

  3. Quality Assurance Model for Digital Adult Education Materials (United States)

    Dimou, Helen; Kameas, Achilles


    Purpose: This paper aims to present a model for the quality assurance of digital educational material that is appropriate for adult education. The proposed model adopts the software quality standard ISO/IEC 9126 and takes into account adult learning theories, Bloom's taxonomy of learning objectives and two instructional design models: Kolb's model…

  4. Adult Literacy Education in Timor-Leste: Multilayered Multilingualism (United States)

    Boon, Danielle; Kurvers, Jeanne


    This article reports on multilingualism in adult literacy education in Timor-Leste and explores how choices made at the formal level of national language policy are dealt with at the operational level of adult literacy education. The 2002 constitution of Timor-Leste declares Portuguese and Tetum as the official languages. It recognises the need…

  5. Applied Ethics in Adult and Continuing Education Literature (United States)

    Sork, Thomas J.


    To someone who has been intrigued by the role of ethics in adult education for many years, it has been heartening to see how the field has responded to calls to address the ethical dimensions of practice. Although adult education may have been a little later than some in coming to terms with ethics, these developments occurred during a time when…

  6. Utilization of Peace Education in Adult Literacy Programmes in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mrs Afam


    Dec 15, 2016 ... and continuous staff training and retraining; peace education should effectively be integrated and embedded into all adult literacy programmes; government ..... integration of peace and conflict resolution education into the adult and non- formal literacy school curriculum for peace, progress and national ...

  7. Critical Adult Education in Canada in the Time of CASAE (United States)

    Plumb, Donovan


    From very early in its history, the Canadian Association for the Study of Adult Education (CASAE) has supported a rich tradition of critique. This chapter argues, however, that in important ways, the magnitude and rapidity of social transformations since the late 1970s have largely overwhelmed the critical capacities of Canadian adult educators.…

  8. The Life and Death of the Canadian Adult Education Movement (United States)

    Selman, Gordon; Selman, Mark


    Adult education in the Western tradition goes back at least to the craft guilds of the Middle Ages; however, the adult education movement, that is, organized attempts to promote and gain support for the practice, had its origins in Canada, at least, in the late 1920s and petered out in the 1990s. Part I of this article traces the development of…

  9. The Professionalisation of Adult Educators in the Baltic States (United States)

    Jogi, Larissa; Gross, Marin


    Adult education and lifelong learning together form one of the priorities for development in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. The important historical and social context in which the professional development of adult educators has been taking place in the Baltic States since they regained their independence in the 1990s is the changes that occurred…

  10. Has Adult Education any Philosophical Basics? | Akpama | Sophia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper attempts to prove that the emerging discipline of Adult Education has philosophical basics which form the hub of its theory and practice. Skeptics and some non-professionals widely ridicule and misjudge the discipline of adult education as lacking intellectual depth and value assumptions to befit the status of a ...

  11. Adult Education and the Phenomena of Social Change. (United States)

    London, Jack; Ewing, Jeanne Bunderson


    Uses a cohort case study of Americans born between 1900 and 1905 as an example of how history and social forces shape the experiences and educational needs of adults. Implies that knowledge of adult students' social, historical, economic, and cultural experiences can be used to improve their educational experiences. (Author/SK)

  12. Developing Adult Education Programs for Probation and Parole. (United States)

    Wimer, Maija

    This handbook, consisting of a program development model that is based on three programs for ex-offenders that were implemented in Texas in fiscal year 1983, is designed to assist adult educators in implementing adult education programs for persons on parole or probation. Discussed first are the purpose of the handbook, the individual sites of the…

  13. Young & ACE: Young Unemployed People and Adult and Community Education. (United States)

    Adult, Community, and Further Education Board, Melbourne (Australia).

    Pilot projects designed to increase the access of young unemployed Australians to adult and community education (ACE) were undertaken in one rural and one metropolitan adult, community and further education region with significant rates of unemployment among individuals aged 15-24 years. Two consortia were selected to conduct the pilot programs,…

  14. Adult Education Literacy Instruction: A Review of the Research (United States)

    Kruidenier, John R.; MacArthur, Charles A.; Wrigley, Heide S.


    The Adult Literacy Research Working Group (ALRWG), a panel of experts on adult reading research and practice, was established by the National Institute for Literacy (NIFL) in collaboration with the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL). It was part of the Institute's efforts to provide educators, parents and others…

  15. Paradigm which will change education of adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Javrh


    Full Text Available Modern moment more and more denotes realisation that we will have to change the way of life in order to preserve this planet and culture for descendants. We talk about new paradigm relationship to the world and action, which can by its extent compete with other widest and biggest world’s movements under UNESCO, World health organisation and other international organisations. Movement of endeavours for lasting development is defined and encouraged by series of international documents, accepted in last two decades. They are the result of countries’ efforts and politics which acknowledge the necessity of active uniting of powers and resources, to preserve the planet and ensure future for generations to come. Important vision is a holistic development of a person who is becoming an active and responsible citizen, ready to co-influence important decisions. Usefulness and life knowledges, constructive, critical thinking and cooperation are those components which are necessary for making these decisions and will lead to true long-lasting development. Therefore must be visions and values of lasting development also key component of quality education (UNESCO 2004 in the vertical and all others extensions, also in the lifelong dimension. Theorists predict – practitioners are already experiencing this - that education of adult will have to change innovatively in order to follow the requirements of this paradigm.

  16. BAEA Becoming Adult Educators in the European Area

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Per; Farinelli, Fiorella; Gross, Marin

    population. It also calls attention to the challenges of entering a career as adult educator and reveals several shortcuts or turning points in personal and professional lives that lead current and prospective adult educators to undertake specialised studies in adult education; these are often the result...... the conditions for current adult educators who are willing to progress in their careers, but experiencing difficulties in getting their competencies and qualification valued and rights fully recognised and protected at work......., especially among potential adult educators for whom specialised studied in the field are restricted - if not absent - or who may not consider entering a professional career in this field, due to its relatively low socio-economic status. It also calls policymakers, researchers and practitioners to improve...

  17. Adult Education and Indigenous Peoples in Brazil. International Survey on Adult Education for Indigenous Peoples. Country Study: Brazil. (United States)

    Lopes da Silva, Aracy

    Adult education for indigenous peoples in Brazil was examined. First, information on government institutions, indigenous organizations, international agencies, and nongovernmental organizations engaged in adult education for Brazil's indigenous peoples was compiled. Next, questionnaires and survey techniques were used to research the policy and…

  18. Differential Outcomes of Adult Education on Adult Learners' Increase in Social Inclusion (United States)

    de Greef, Maurice; Verté, Dominique; Segers, Mien


    To date a significant share of the European population can be considered at risk of social exclusion. It has been argued that adult education programmes are a powerful tool to support vulnerable adults increasing their social inclusion. This study aims to answer the question if and which subgroups of vulnerable adults experience an increase in…

  19. Gallery Educators as Adult Learners: The Active Application of Adult Learning Theory (United States)

    McCray, Kimberly H.


    In order to better understand the importance of adult learning theory to museum educators' work, and that of their profession at large, museum professionals must address the need for more adult learning research and practice in museums--particularly work informed by existing theory and work seeking to generate new theory. Adult learning theory…

  20. The Adult Education and Economic Growth Act: Toward a Modern Adult Education System and a More Educated Workforce. [Updated (United States)

    Foster, Marcie


    The Adult Education and Economic Growth Act (AEEGA) was introduced in the House of Representatives in June 2011 by Rep. Ruben Hinojosa (TX-15) and in February 2012 in the Senate by Sen. Jim Webb (VA). The Act (H.R. 2226 and S. 2117) would amend the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) to encourage the use and availability of career pathways for…

  1. Elderly-Onset and Adult-Onset Ulcerative Colitis Are More Similar than Previously Reported in a Nationwide Cohort. (United States)

    Kumar, Vinayak; Shah, Yash; Patel, Dhruvan; Khan, Nabeel


    Elderly-onset ulcerative colitis (EO-UC) is recognized as a distinct subpopulation of UC. To our knowledge, there have been no nationwide studies of EO-UC populations in the USA. We aim to characterize differences in presentation at diagnosis and clinical course between EO-UC and adult-onset UC (AO-UC) patients in a national cohort. Complete medical records of patients newly diagnosed with UC from October 2001 to October 2011 in the Veterans Affairs health system were obtained. Patients were followed until colectomy, death, or the end of the observation period on November 2015. EO-UC patients (age of diagnosis ≥65 years) were compared to AO-UC patients (age of diagnosis ≤40 years) with respect to demographic, severity, and therapeutic data. Statistical analysis was performed using JMP statistical software. We identified 836 newly diagnosed UC patients, of which 207 had EO-UC and 102 had AO-UC. The mean age of diagnosis was 72.4 years (EO-UC) and 32.9 years (AO-UC), with a mean 8-year follow-up period. The incidence of pancolitis at the time of diagnosis was similar between both groups (p = 0.67). There was no difference in steroid use (36.7 vs 45.1%, p = 0.1563), thiopurine use (19.3 vs 22.6%, p = 0.5081), and colectomy rates (6.3 vs 5.9%, p = 0.8911) between EO-UC and AO-UC populations. There was lower anti-TNF use in EO-UC patients compared to AO-UC patients (5.8 vs 14.7%, p = 0.0091). In this nationwide cohort, we found that the use of steroids, thiopurines, and colectomy was similar in both populations, while anti-TNF use was lower among the elderly.

  2. Documenting Program Outcomes of Relationship Education with Incarcerated Adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kate Taylor Harcourt


    Full Text Available The current study examined program outcomes for an understudied population of Relationship Education (RE participants: incarcerated men and women. In addition to relationship functioning, we examined a number of individual and parenting outcomes which had not previously been explored. In a sample of 453 adult inmates, we found improvements in (a trust, (b confidence in the relationship, (c intimacy, (d individual empowerment, (e conflict management, (f help-seeking attitudes, (g self-esteem, (h depression, (i global life stress, (j faulty relationship beliefs, and (k parenting efficacy. Tests of moderation by gender and race indicated minimal differences in change patterns between groups; however, we found a significant time by gender interaction on intimacy and a time by race interaction on parenting efficacy. Implications for research and practice are presented

  3. Educational Activity as a Problem of Adult Education in the Context of Globalization (United States)

    Folvarochnyi, Ihor


    The article deals with the problem of adult education in the context of globalization. The analysis of scientific pedagogical literature devoted to studying of some aspects of educational activity in adult education has been conducted. The problem of public institutions development and activity has been analyzed in the broad context of…

  4. Marketing in Adult Education. A Critical Review of Literature. (United States)

    Wells, Rita L.

    In the literature on marketing in adult education there is much debate on the ethics of marketing educational programs; although many individuals have written about the potential negative impacts of big business and high-pressure advertising in education, others have viewed marketing as an acceptable process that attempts to establish mutually…

  5. Exploring learning experiences of female adults in higher education ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Moreover, in a changing global economy, a redress and reform of higher education learning, dominated by a one for all education system in South Africa was needed, especially with the integration of technology. Keywords: Quality learning; technology learning; online learning; blended learning; higher education; adult ...

  6. Elements of effective nutrition education for adults with Diabetes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This review article highlights the key factors that need consideration in planning an effective nutrition education programme for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus in ... Adequate contact time with an educator (> 10 hours), the educator's competence, provision of social support and follow-up intervention are also crucial.

  7. Our Daily Newspapers--A Forgotten Medium for Adult Education? (United States)

    Stewart, Doug


    This article addresses one instance in which "a marriage" between commerce and education would be very appropriate. The author discusses the advantages of the print medium, and of the newspaper in particular, in education, and shows how this could be used very effectively in adult education. (Author/CT)

  8. Creative Retirement: Survey of Older Adults' Educational Interests and Motivations (United States)

    Sloane-Seale, Atlanta; Kops, Bill


    The University of Manitoba's Continuing Education Division (CED) and Creative Retirement Manitoba (CRM) formed a partnership to promote applied research on lifelong learning and older adults, to develop new and to complement existing educational activities, and to explore new program models and instructional methods to meet the educational needs…

  9. Global perpectives on adult education and learning policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Most observers regard both adult and higher education as key for citizenship and democracy yet the worldwide contexts, appearance and expression of adult education and lifelong learning have changed significantly during the past 20 years. Focusing on ten countries (Scotland, Czech Republic, USA......, Brazil, Mexico, Botswana, Ghana, Palestine, South Korea and India) and five international organisations, this book explores recent changes in their overall contexts and policies about adult education, how such policies intersect with developments in higher education and how they may contribute to debates...... on citizenship and democracy. It highlights several significant shifts: increased awareness of the role of adult education/lifelong learning in enhancing economic growth and social cohesion and mobility, challenging economic and social exclusion and inequality, and developing human and social capital; increased...

  10. The Adult Education and Economic Growth Act (H.R. 2226): Toward a Modern Adult Education System and a More Educated Workforce (United States)

    Foster, Marcie


    The Adult Education and Economic Growth Act (AEEGA) was introduced in the House of Representatives in June 2011 by Rep. Ruben Hinojosa (TX-15). The bill (H.R. 2226) would amend the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) to encourage the use and availability of career pathways for low-skilled adults, strengthen the focus of adult education on postsecondary…

  11. What do we know about adult education for democratic citizenship?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella


    This article presents the findings from the study of research literature on Adult Education for Democratic Citizenship, carried out in nine EU memner states. The literature review was designed as the building block for a European Stocktaking study on lifelong learning for democratic citizenship...... through adult education. This article begins by describing the context of the study, and introducing the study aims and core principles. This is done in section 1 and 2. In section 3, the article introduces and discusses substantive features which emerged from scholarly investigation at national level...... of adult education to nurture democratic participation....

  12. Development of the profession and qualifications of adult educators in Lithuania in the context of reforms of adult education (United States)

    Gedvilienė, Genutė; Tūtlys, Vidmantas; Lukošūnienė, Vilija; Zuzevičiūtė, Vaiva


    The Baltic countries regained their independence from the Soviet Union in the early 1990s and joined the European Union in 2004. This article seeks to explore institutional development and reforms of adult education and lifelong learning in Lithuania with respect to the processes, the actors and the context of socioeconomic change over the past 20 years. It also looks at the implications of these processes for the professionalisation of adult educators, referred to here as "adult learning teachers" (ALTs). The authors begin with an analysis of the historical-institutional and political-economical aspects of the development of adult education and lifelong learning by providing a retrospective of institutional change in Lithuania. They then move on to analyse the existing institutional and legal arrangements of adult education which shape and institutionalise the profession and qualifications of ALTs. Their empirical research reveals the opinions of Lithuanian ALTs on their current professional occupational profile and its future development.

  13. Adult Education Research in the U.K.: An Overview of What Researchers Are Talking About. (United States)

    Fordham, Paul


    Describes the growth of adult education and adult education research in Britain and outlines four government-financed educational research programs: survey of non-vocational provision, adult literacy program, new communities project, and paid educational leave. Notes the importance of international contacts in pursuing adult education research.…

  14. Negotiating Boundaries through Flexibility, Capacity, and Agility in Adult Education (United States)

    Nanton, Carmela R.


    This chapter summarizes key convergent, divergent, and transforming forces of adult education. Super-flexibility is proposed as a postmodern strategy for effective, sustainable negotiated existence in global dynamic contexts.

  15. Introduction: Global Outlook on Adult Education and Learning Policies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella


    opportunities to flourish or perish. Further, it acknowledges the importance for adult education and learning policies of governance beyond and across the purview of governmental structures that operate within single countries, where state-led institutions and non-governmental international organizations play...... a key role. Finally, it explains why analyses that are either institution- or country-focused still constitute a pre-condition for governance studies on adult education to grow in future years.......This chapter provides a conceptual rationale for the following chapters. From a public policy perspective on adult education and learning, it argues that legislative frameworks and rationales at federal, state or municipal levels are an essential feature for adult education and learning...

  16. An Application of the Marketing Mix to Adult Education. (United States)

    Buchanan, Wray; Hoy, Frank


    Discusses the experience of a major university in applying the concept of the marketing mix to an adult education program. The concept requires the understanding of the interdependence of the four Ps of marketing: product, place, price, and promotion. (JOW)

  17. Education in and for the family of adults in the light of educational institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available The issue of family education is one of the most recent social problems. Reflections on the problems of education in the family life of adults was the basis of the study aimed at investigating the state of readiness of adults to live together in the family in the contemporary society, the propositions of the educational institutions regarding the attempts to solve some of the problems of the education in family life, and the direct recipients of the educational influence – in other words, the adults.

  18. A Mental Health Training Format for Adult Education Teachers (United States)

    Meek, Fiona; Specht, Jacqueline; Rodger, Susan


    The present study investigated the needs of adult education staff pertaining to adult students' mental health issues within a local school board. The study utilized mixed-methods design and was divided into progression of three separate studies. An initial focus group was conducted to identify the 12 participants' concerns and provide a direction…

  19. Innovations in Teaching Adults: Proven Practices in Higher Education. (United States)

    Kirstein, Kurt D., Ed.; Schieber, Craig E., Ed.; Flores, Kelly A., Ed.; Olswang, Steven G., Ed.


    In the rapidly changing world of higher education, innovative approaches to teaching adults are needed to drive instructional practices for helping to prepare the professionals of the future. The papers collected in "Innovations in Teaching Adults" were originally presented at a conference at City University of Seattle. The authors of…

  20. Towards a Theory of Adult Education: A Case in Point. (United States)

    Hickey, Tom

    The development of trained manpower in gerontology for the delivery of health and social services to older adults in Pennsylvania is the focus of an ongoing adult education program at The Pennsylvania State University. This paper discusses the theoretical and methodological bases for this program, with emphasis on the importance of linking…

  1. Is Adult Christian Education Mainly for Stable Extraverts? (United States)

    Francis, Leslie J.; Astley, Jeff; Kay, William K.; Carter, Marian


    In a Christian adult study program, 29 men and 32 women completed personality questionnaires. Extraverts were more likely to enjoy group learning and discussion. Because much Christian spirituality emphasizes introversion, group adult education is a way of ministering to extraverts. However, teaching styles and methods to suit other personality…

  2. Health education to improve repeat participation in the Dutch breast cancer screening programme: evaluation of a leaflet tailored to previous participants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drossaert, Constance H.C.; Boer, Hendrik; Seydel, E.R.


    Participation in breast cancer screening programmes often declines in the course of the programme. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether health education could diminish the amount of drop-outs between two screening rounds. The health education was tailored to women who previously

  3. A Secure Base for Adult Learning: Attachment Theory and Adult Education


    Fleming, Ted


    The attachment theory of John Bowlby has had an enduring impact on our understanding of child development. But these ideas are a neglected and forgotten discourse in adult education. In this paper concepts such as secure and insecure attachments, internal working models, and the strange situation along with the more contemporary concept of mind-mindedness are explored. The paper also explores the implications for how adults deal with new situations and new ideas; how adult learners and teache...

  4. A Case Study of Spirituality in Senior Center Education: Qualitative Research in Adult Education (United States)

    Demarse, Laura


    This article presents a case study on the role of spirituality in adult education at a suburban senior center located in the southeast region of the country. The purpose of the case study was to understand the deeply personal role of spirituality in adult education as seen through teaching seniors and examine the personal manifestation of…

  5. An Eclectic Approach to Evaluation Strategies in Adult Education. (United States)

    Brack, R. E.

    Three evaluation studies are used to illustrate the notion of an eclectic approach to adult education evaluation. The first study, Credit and Non-Credit Offerings in a Federal Penitentiary, evaluated the learning climate in this educational setting using data collected from participating inmates (Questionnaire), non-participating inmates…

  6. 45 CFR 84.38 - Preschool and adult education. (United States)


    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Preschool and adult education. 84.38 Section 84.38 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Preschool, Elementary, and Secondary Education § 84.38...

  7. Evaluating Extension-Based Adult Education for Agricultural Labor Supervisors (United States)

    Morera, Maria C.; Monaghan, Paul F.; Galindo-Gonzalez, Sebastian; Tovar-Aguilar, J. Antonio; Roka, Fritz M.; Asuaje, Cesar


    Educating farm labor supervisors about the regulations that govern agricultural operations and employment is critical to reducing unintentional violations of workplace safety and labor laws. Cooperative Extension can provide the training needed to professionalize this vital and diverse workforce. One challenge to providing adult education to a…

  8. Learning Independence. A Political Outline of Indian Adult Education. (United States)

    Steele, Tom; Taylor, Richard

    This book is a political analysis of the role of adult education as an agency of cultural and ideological significance in India from the turbulent period in the 1940s onward. The introduction examines the roots of education in India, the English studies courses that developed when India was a British colony, and continuation of colonial…

  9. The Quest for Visibility in Adult Education: The Hispanic Experience. (United States)

    Jeria, Jorge


    Gives an overview of Hispanic American diversity in the United States, the historical relationship of the United States and Latin America, politics and economics of linguistic diversity, the importance of community and popular education in Hispanic culture, and factors affecting the education of Hispanic adults. (SK)

  10. The Role of Small Groups in Christian Adult Education. (United States)

    Peters, Russel Marion

    Centering on a historical review and analysis of adult Christian education in small groups, this study was designed to identify certain conditions surrounding the formation and operation of selected small groups, to discover their distinctive educational features, and to suggest guidelines for effective use of the small group approach. The role of…

  11. Adult, Continuing, and Health Professions Education: Moving Forward Together (United States)

    Daley, Barbara J.; Cervero, Ronald M.


    In this final chapter, we summarize the themes of this sourcebook along with the issues and trends in health professions education (HPE) identified by the chapter authors. By comparing and contrasting HPE and adult and continuing education, we discuss ways in which the two can be integrated.

  12. Childhood Placement in Special Education and Adult Well-Being (United States)

    Chesmore, Ashley A.; Ou, Suh-Ruu; Reynolds, Arthur J.


    The present study investigates the relationship between childhood placement in special education and adult well-being among 1,377 low-income, minority children participating in the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Roughly 16% of the sample received special education services in Grades 1 to 8. After accounting for sociodemographic factors and early…


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda de Brito Kulmann Conzatti


    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to understand the meaning that mature adult students ascribed to their return to formal education at the Youth and Adult Education (EJA and their perception of the changes arising from this educational path. The method selected was the collective case study and the subjects were four male individuals over 45 years old. Semi-structured interviews were carried out along with the creation of a timeline of educational history of each student, classroom observations and analysis of the school’s Political Pedagogical Project for EJA. The information collected was submitted to Textual Analysis of Discourse, articulating studies of Urie Bronfenbrenner and Peter Jarvis. The results indicated the emergence of two categories that revealed the meanings attributed to the respondents’ educational experiences at EJA, reflecting cognitive, behavioral, psychosocial and living habits changes. This production of meanings was mediated by constant intercom among micro, meso, exo, and macrosystems represented by reciprocal relationships and the social and affective support in the return to formal education. The theoretical perspective taken intended to present a new approach to EJA adult students, through a systematic approach for the development, emphasizing the individual and collective empowerment by means of the educational relationships as well as the potential of the educational act for mature adults.

  14. Application of Adult Learning Theory to Physician Assistant Education. (United States)

    Lewis, Sarah K; Thompson, Patricia


    Just as we depend on medical science and research to treat patients, we should connect our teaching methods to educational theory and research. In particular, the foundations of adult education philosophy and adult learning theories can be deliberately applied to further strengthen the clinical learning experience of physician assistants (PAs). We propose that PA educators should be aware of how their personal philosophy of education affects their teaching practice. In addition, educators should apply learning theories to both classroom process and content. We provide an overview of 5 categories of learning philosophy (liberal, progressive, behavioral, humanist, and radical) and 6 learning theories (experiential learning, reflective practice, situated learning, communities of practice, transformative learning, and critical consciousness) of adult education. Concrete examples of how to apply adult education theory to meet specific learning objectives for PA students are described. Understanding how to apply learning theory and identify and shape one's educational philosophy provides theoretical and empirical support for what we often deem an intuitive process.




  16. Improving Completion Rates in Adult Education through Social Responsibility (United States)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne; Mariager-Anderson, Kristina


    Dropout is a serious problem within education. This article reports on an intervention project, titled "New Roles for the Teacher--Increased Completion Rates Through Social Responsibility," which sought to reduce nonattendance and drop-out rates in the Danish adult educational system by improving teachers' competences. This goal was…

  17. Could intra-alveolar hemosiderin deposition in adults be used as a marker for previous asphyxial episodes in cases of autoerotic death? (United States)

    Byard, Roger W; Masoumi, Homeyra; Haas, Elizabeth; Sage, Martin; Krous, Henry F


    Intra-alveolar hemorrhage and hemosiderin have been cited as possible markers of recent and remote asphyxial events. Little study has been undertaken of the potential significance of intra-alveolar hemosiderin in adults as a potential marker of previous sublethal asphyxial episodes. Ten cases of lethal sexual asphyxia (an entity known to be associated with repetitive sublethal asphyxial episodes) and 20 randomly selected, age- and sex-matched controls had sections of lung stained for hemosiderin. Subsequently, intra-alveolar, iron-containing macrophages were counted. All cases were men (ages 15-50 years; mean 31.8). No significant increase in hemosiderin was found in victims of sexual asphyxia, indicating that asphyxial episodes in sublethal sexual asphyxial activities may not be sufficiently intense or prolonged to cause intra-alveolar hemorrhage or that intra-alveolar hemorrhage in adults is a relatively nonspecific finding. These results do not support intra-alveolar hemosiderin deposition as a marker for previous sublethal asphyxial events in autoerotic asphyxia. © 2011 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

  18. Childhood and persistent ADHD symptoms associated with educational failure and long-term occupational disability in adult ADHD


    Fredriksen, Mats; Dahl, Alv A.; Martinsen, Egil W.; Klungsoyr, Ole; Faraone, Stephen V.; Peleikis, Dawn E.


    Few studies have examined the impact of childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms on adult ADHD functional outcomes. To address this issue dimensionally, ADHD symptoms in childhood and adulthood and their relation to educational deficits and work disability are studied in a clinical sample of adult patients with previously untreated ADHD. About 250 adults diagnosed systematically with ADHD according to DSM-IV were prospectively recruited. Primary outcomes were high sc...

  19. [Health education in schools for adults: by a teacher or health education lecture?]. (United States)

    Tormo Molina, J; Rodríguez Fernández, M J; Hernán García, M; Fernández Ajuria, A; García-Marcos, A


    To compare the results of two ways of teaching the rational use of medicines to students of centres of permanent education of adults (CPEA): one taught by the normal teachers (after training by health personnel) and one through a lecture given by the health staff. Intervention study without randomised distribution and with a control group. Five CPEA in an urban centre. 385 students and 15 CPEA teachers. Three groups: a) "teachers" group: consisting of students who received education on medicines in the class-room through their teachers, who had been previously trained by health personnel; b) "lecture" group: students who had received a health education lecture on medicines given by health staff; c) non-intervention group. All three groups were administered a questionnaire before and after the intervention. Both questionnaires were paired. 248 people completed the first questionnaire and 149 the second. Significant gains in knowledge were only found in the teachers intervention group (p teachers group who in the first questionnaire had intermediate scores than in the students in the other groups who had intermediate scores. Intervention with teachers seems more effective than either a health education lecture or no intervention, especially in the improvement in knowledge of students who already had beforehand intermediate knowledge.

  20. Adult Learner Motivations and Electronic Distance Education. (United States)

    Wilkes, C. Wynn; Burnham, Byron R.


    Discussion of learner motivations and learner satisfaction in distance education courses using electronic media focuses on a study at Utah State University that compared students using an audio/graphic system with students taught by traditional methods. The use of the Educational Participation Scale (EPS) and the Learning Environment Inventory…

  1. The Use of Audio-Visual Media for the Education of Adults. (United States)

    Mathur, J. C.


    An Indian adult educator discusses the value of "pleasure-oriented" audiovisual adult education, the use of both commercial and subsidized films, television, and radio for their educational potential. He notes several production needs and techniques. (MF)

  2. adult and non-formal education as a veritable tool for attaining ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abasiama A. Akpan

    this paper explores the relevance of adult and non-formal education as a complementary tool to the fight ... However, new variants have continued to ... Home management. Entrepreneurial skill. Agricultural extension Education. Development Education. Family planning Education. Environmental protection Education.

  3. Examination of previously published data to identify patterns in the social representation of “Loud music” in young adults across countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinaya Manchaiah


    Full Text Available Purpose: The current study was aimed at understanding the patterns in the social representation of loud music reported by young adults in different countries. Materials and Methods: The study included a sample of 534 young adults (18–25 years from India, Iran, Portugal, United Kingdom, and United States. Participants were recruited using a convince sampling, and data were collected using the free association task. Participants were asked to provide up to five words or phrases that come to mind when thinking about “loud music.” The data were first analyzed using the qualitative content analysis. This was followed by quantitative cluster analysis and chi-square analysis. Results: The content analysis suggested 19 main categories of responses related to loud music. The cluster analysis resulted in for main clusters, namely: (1 emotional oriented perception; (2 problem oriented perception; (3 music and enjoyment oriented perception; and (4 positive emotional and recreation-oriented perception. Country of origin was associated with the likelihood of participants being in each of these clusters. Conclusion: The current study highlights the differences and similarities in young adults’ perception of loud music. These results may have implications to hearing health education to facilitate healthy listening habits.

  4. Immunogenicity and Safety of the HZ/su Adjuvanted Herpes Zoster Subunit Vaccine in Adults Previously Vaccinated With a Live Attenuated Herpes Zoster Vaccine. (United States)

    Grupping, Katrijn; Campora, Laura; Douha, Martine; Heineman, Thomas C; Klein, Nicola P; Lal, Himal; Peterson, James; Vastiau, Ilse; Oostvogels, Lidia


    Protection against herpes zoster (HZ) induced by the live attenuated zoster vaccine Zostavax (ZVL) wanes within 3-7 years. Revaccination may renew protection. We assessed whether (re)vaccination with the adjuvanted HZ subunit vaccine candidate (HZ/su) induced comparable immune responses in previous ZVL recipients and ZVL-naive individuals (HZ-NonVac). In an open-label, multicenter study, adults ≥65 years of age, vaccinated with ZVL ≥5 years previously (HZ-PreVac), were matched to ZVL-naive adults (HZ-NonVac). Participants received 2 doses of HZ/su 2 months apart. The primary objective of noninferiority of the humoral immune response 1 month post-dose 2 was considered demonstrated if the upper limit of the 95% confidence interval (CI) of the adjusted anti-glycoprotein E geometric mean concentration (GMC) ratio of HZ-NonVac over HZ-PreVac was <1.5. HZ/su cellular immunogenicity, reactogenicity, and safety were also assessed. In 430 participants, humoral immune response to HZ/su was noninferior in HZ-PreVac compared with HZ-NonVac (adjusted GMC ratio, 1.04 [95% CI, .92-1.17]). Cellular immunogenicity, reactogenicity, and safety appeared to be comparable between groups. HZ/su was well-tolerated, with no safety concerns raised within 1 month post-dose 2. HZ/su induces a strong immune response irrespective of prior vaccination with ZVL, and may be an attractive option to revaccinate prior ZVL recipients. NCT02581410. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, e-mail:

  5. New and previously described dactylogyrid species (Monogenoidea: Polyonchoinea) and a gastrocotylinean pre-adult (Heteronchoinea) from pomacentrid and caesionid (Perciformes) fishes from Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. (United States)

    Mendoza-Franco, Edgar F; Binning, Sandra A; Roche, Dominique G


    During a parasitological survey of perciform fishes from Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, we found the following gill monogenoidean species (Platyhelminthes): Euryhaliotrema lizardi n. sp. on Caesio caerulaurea Lacepède, 1801 (Caesionidae) (type host) and Haliotrema weberii n. sp. on Chromis weberi Fowler and Bean, 1928 (Pomacentridae) (type host), Chromis amboinensis (Bleeker, 1871), Chromis atripectoralis Welander and Schultz, 1951 and Caesio teres Seale, 1906. Euryhaliotrema lizardi n. sp. is characterized by having anchors with an elongated straight shaft and point as well as a vaginal canal with two loops before connecting to the seminal receptacle. Ha. weberii n. sp. is distinguished from other congeners by possessing a tubular male copulatory organ (MCO), partially straight. Two previously described dactylogyrids were also found: Haliotrematoides caesionis (Yamaguti, 1953) Kritsky, Yang and Sun 2009) on Caesio cuning (Bloch, 1791) and Ca. teres (new host record) and Haliotrematoides patellacirrus (Bychowsky and Nagibina, 1971) Kritsky, Yang and Sun 2009, on Ca. cuning (new host record). Finally, we provide the first report of a gastrocotylinean pre-adult on Ca. teres. We provide descriptions and illustrations of the new species and the gastrocotylinean pre-adult and include supplemental observations of Ht. caesionis and Ht. patellacirrus. The present findings expand the known spectrum of host species of Euryhaliotrema, Haliotrema and Haliotrematoides to include new caesionid and pomacentrid fishes.

  6. Adult Learning in Health Professions Education (United States)

    Bierema, Laura L.


    This chapter focuses on the process of learning in health professions education (HPE) in terms of key issues that shape HPE learning and essential strategies for promoting and facilitating learning among professionals.

  7. Using Critical Pedagogies from Adult Education to Inspire and Challenge Higher Education Students (United States)

    Kadi-Hanifi, Karima


    This interdisciplinary paper is about applying Adult Education methods of learning and teaching to higher education. I argue that higher education students need to be stimulated via interactive methods that improve their motivation and lead them to question the value system/s that exist around them. A Freirean approach as used in the teaching of…

  8. Education and Sustainability: Reinvigorating Adult Education's Role in Transformation, Justice and Development (United States)

    Casey, Catherine; Asamoah, Lily


    Distinctively economic objectives for lifelong education, especially adult learning and education, feature prominently in policy-making agendas and educators' practice in much of the world. Critics contend that humanistic and holistic visions of lifelong learning for all have been marginalised and neglected. The current turn of political attention…

  9. Adult Education under a Comparative Lens: Areas of Influence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holford, John; Milana, Marcella; Rasmussen, Palle Damkjær


    with a narrow reliance on quantitative data. Much of our work has been inspired by the need to critique these trends, adopt broader approaches to lifelong learning and defend the more democratic traditions of adult education. Important areas of theoretical inspiration, many of which interrogate these policy...... developments, are also outlined. The critical reinterpretation of historical adult education practices is another important area of work and inspiration. In relation to sustainability, we have been influenced particularly by the capabilities approach.......This chapter outlines key areas of literature and policy that have influenced or affected our research on the comparative study of adult education. Policy influences include the growth of lifelong learning within a neoliberal framing since the 1990s and the rise of ‘evidence-based’ approaches...

  10. Editorial: Technology for higher education, adult learning and human performance


    Minhong Wang; Chi-Cheng Chang; Feng Wu


    This special issue is dedicated to technology-enabled approaches for improving higher education, adult learning, and human performance. Improvement of learning and human development for sustainable development has been recognized as a key strategy for individuals, institutions, and organizations to strengthen their competitive advantages. It becomes crucial to help adult learners and knowledge workers to improve their self-directed and life-long learning capabilities. Meanwhile, advances in t...

  11. Adult-Rated Oceanography Part 1: A Project Integrating Ocean Sciences into Adult Basic Education Programs. (United States)

    Cowles, S.; Collier, R.; Torres, M. K.


    Busy scientists seek opportunities to implement education and outreach efforts, but often don't know where to start. One easy and tested method is to form collaborations with federally-funded adult education and adult literacy programs. These programs exist in every U.S. state and territory and serve underrepresented populations through such major initiatives as adult basic education, adult secondary education (and GED preparation), and English language acquisition. These students are workers, consumers, voters, parents, grandparents, and members of every community. They have specific needs that are often overlooked in outreach activities. This presentation will describe the steps by which the Oregon Ocean Science and Math Collaborative program was developed. It is based on a partnership between the Oregon Department of Community Colleges and Workforce Development, Oregon State University College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon Sea Grant, and the OSU Hatfield Marine Science Center. It includes professional development through instructor institutes; teachers at sea and informal education opportunities; curriculum and web site development. Through the partnership described here, instructors in adult basic education programs participate in a yearlong experience in which they develop, test, and adapt innovative instructional strategies to meet the specific needs of adult learners. This, in turn, leads to new prospects for study in the areas of ocean science and math and introduces non-academic careers in marine science to a new community. Working directly with instructors, we have identified expertise level, instructional environment, instructor background and current teaching strategies used to address science literacy and numeracy goals of the adult learners in the State of Oregon. Preliminary evaluation of our ongoing project in meeting these goals will be discussed. These efforts contribute to national goals of science literacy for all, by providing

  12. Andragogical Methods to Sustain Quality Adult Education in Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yilfashewa Seyoum


    Full Text Available This study aims to analyse the extent andragogy serves as a means to secure quality in adult education programs. It attempts to scrutinize how active learning methods are implemented effectively in adult education program in the Eastern part of Ethiopia. A survey research design was adapted as a method of the study. Stratified and purposive sampling techniques were employed to select respondents (515 male and 285 female adult learners and 30 facilitators.Questionnaire and interview was used to gather pertinent information about the adult education program. Descriptive statistics and one way ANOVA were used as a means for data analysis. The findings show that active learning methods employed by facilitators were not satisfactorily implemented. The least rated active learning methods employed by facilitators were role play and project methods. And, the most highly used and rated active learning method was collaborative learning. There was a significance mean difference between first and second year adult education followers (in favour of second year learners in experiencing active learning.

  13. Contemporary Development of Quality in Adult Education in Finland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiimo Toivianinen


    Full Text Available The author describes the development of the system of providing and finding quality of the Finnish education system. He argues the need for quality as an essential part of education. Ensuring quality and other forms of evaluation provide the information necessary for decision making. From this point of view, decision making is a complex process which involves not only people deciding about public political orientations but also education organisers, teachers and participants. Evaluation provides argument for the best di stribution of the reduced sources for education (a result of recession. The author also introduces some strategic objectives of evaluation which were among others recommended by OECD, and describes a model of evaluating the quality of education effects defined by three categories: efficiency, effectiveness (in a narrow sense of the word and economy. In former evaluations of educational effects the attention was limited to efficiency only. The new procedure is more complex but it gives more useful information. Besides evaluating quality the model also anticipates other factors: for evaluation it is necessary to define goals, indicators and measures as well. The second part of the article describes the key evaluators in Finland and their results so far: the educational committee as the central body for evaluating quality, the council for adult education and adult educators, e.g. organisations for adult education, residence universities centres of study circles, institutions dealing with professional education. In the supplement there is a detailed explanation of the Finnish council for adult education with the tit le Strategy of Evaluating Quality in Adult Education.

  14. Adult education in the United States of America

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella; McBain, Lesley


    Under the Bill Clinton’s administration, the U.S. approved the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998; the backbone for public adult education in many states. But since its expiration (2003), and despite multiple attempts, the Act lacked reauthorized until summer 2014, when a Workforce Investment......-party alignment in linking adult education to occupational skill training, and English-language instruction to civic learning, while tightening standards and accountability measures for states, thus conditioning curricular content, but also opening to new providers. While this still hides party differences...

  15. The Education of Adults in the Spectrum of Public Educational Policy: Principles and Practice of the Department of Adult Education in the University of Manchester, United Kingdom. (United States)

    Wedell, E. G.

    The development of lifelong education in England has been slow due to the dualist educational philosophy characteristic of the English middle and upper classes. The two governing characteristics of British adult education have been its predominant concentration of provision for the working classes and its preoccupation with the liberalizing role…

  16. Social Justice and Dispositions for Adult Education (United States)

    Holst, John D.


    The article identifies dispositions from a thematic investigation of the pedagogical practice of Ernesto Che Guevara and various social movements in the United States. The article outlines and places these dispositions within the context of debates over social justice and dispositions for education program accreditation in the United States that…

  17. Adult Education, Cooperatives and Green Revolution (United States)

    Jain, K. C.


    The basic approach of the Fourth Five Year Plan in India is the creation of conditions necessary for a 5 percent growth in agriculture. The Cooperatives have made a real contribution in the improvement of agriculture and have now launched a member education program. (EB)

  18. The Formation of the Willing Citizen -- Tracing Reactive Nihilism in Late Capitalist Adult Education (United States)

    Olson, Maria; Dahlstedt, Magnus; Fejes, Andreas; Sandberg, Fredrik


    The role of education in citizen training has been well mapped out in youth education. What has been less studied is how this role comes into being in adult education. By providing illustrative empirical examples from a recently completed study of adult students enrolled in adult education, this article aims to offer a theoretical response to the…

  19. Adult education for democratic citizenship in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella


    In 2001 a new emphasis on learning for democratic citizenship has been championed by the European Commission's Communication on Making a European area of lifelong learning a reality.  The communication recognizes active citizenship as one of the four "broad and mutually supporting objectives....... The article introduces the core principles of a European study aiming at investigating, from a comparative perspective, ways in which adults can achieve competencies relevant for democratic citizenship. Furthermore it presents and discusses selected findings. The findings suggest that, in spite of the shift...

  20. [Participative action research; self-care education for the mature adult, a dialogic and empowered process]. (United States)

    Sanchez Gomez, Sheila; Medina Moya, José Luis; Mendoza Pérez de Mendiguren, Beatriz; Ugarte Arena, Ana Isabel; Martínez de Albéniz Arriaran, Mercedes


    Explore and transform dialogic-reflexive learning processes oriented to self-care, capacitation, empowerment and health promotion for "mature-adult" collective. Participative action research on a qualitative and sociocritic approach. Data generation methods are SITE: Field work focuses on the development of the educational program "Care is in your hands" that takes place in two villages (Primary Care. Comarca Araba). Through a theoretical sampling involved people who are in a "mature-adult" life stage and three nurses with extensive experience in development health education programs. Participant observation where health education sessions are recorded in video and group reflection on action. To triangulate the data, have been made in-depth interviews with 4 participants. Carried out a content and discourse analysis. Participant and nurses' Previous Frameworks, and these last ones' discourses as well, reveal a current technical rationality (unidirectional, informative,.) yet in practice that perpetuates the role of passive recipient of care. Educational keys constructed from a viewpoint of Dialogic Learning emerge as elements that facilitate overcoming these previous frames limitations. Finally, Reflective Learning launched, has provided advance in professional knowledge and improve health education. Dialogical learning emerges as key to the training and empowerment, where we have seen how practical-reflexive, and not technical, rationality is meanly useful confronting ambiguous and complex situations of self-care practice and education. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  1. The Educational Kanban: promoting effective self-directed adult learning in medical education. (United States)

    Goldman, Stuart


    The author reviews the many forces that have driven contemporary medical education approaches to evaluation and places them in an adult learning theory context. After noting their strengths and limitations, the author looks to lessons learned from manufacturing on both efficacy and efficiency and explores how these can be applied to the process of trainee assessment in medical education.Building on this, the author describes the rationale for and development of the Educational Kanban (EK) at Children's Hospital Boston--specifically, how it was designed to integrate adult learning theory, Japanese manufacturing models, and educator observations into a unique form of teacher-student collaboration that allows for continuous improvement. It is a formative tool, built on the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's six core competencies, that guides educational efforts to optimize teaching and learning, promotes adult learner responsibility and efficacy, and takes advantage of the labor-intensive clinical educational setting. The author discusses how this model, which will be implemented in July 2009, will lead to training that is highly individualized, optimizes faculty and student educational efforts, and ultimately conserves faculty resources. A model EK is provided for general reference.The EK represents a novel approach to adult learning that will enhance educational effectiveness and efficiency and complement existing evaluative models. Described here in a specific graduate medical setting, it can readily be adapted and integrated into a wide range of undergraduate and graduate clinical educational environments.

  2. Older adults who have previously fallen due to a trip walk differently than those who have fallen due to a slip. (United States)

    Wright, Rachel L; Peters, Derek M; Robinson, Paul D; Watt, Thomas N; Hollands, Mark A


    Studying the relationships between centre of mass (COM) and centre of pressure (COP) during walking has been shown to be useful in determining movement stability. The aim of the current study was to compare COM-COP separation measures during walking between groups of older adults with no history of falling, and a history of falling due to tripping or slipping. Any differences between individuals who have fallen due to a slip and those who have fallen due to a trip in measures of dynamic balance could potentially indicate differences in the mechanisms responsible for falls. Forty older adults were allocated into groups based on their self-reported fall history during walking. The non-faller group had not experienced a fall in at least the previous year. Participants who had experienced a fall were split into two groups based on whether a trip or slip resulted in the fall(s). A Vicon system was used to collect full body kinematic trajectories. Two force platforms were used to measure ground reaction forces. The COM was significantly further ahead of the COP at heel strike for the trip (14.3 ± 2.7 cm) and slip (15.3 ± 1.1 cm) groups compared to the non-fallers (12.0 ± 2.7 cm). COM was significantly further behind the COP at foot flat for the slip group (-14.9 ± 3.6 cm) compared to the non-fallers (-10.3 ± 3.9 cm). At mid-swing, the COM of the trip group was ahead of the COP (0.9 ± 1.6 cm), whereas for the slip group the COM was behind the COP (-1.2 ± 2.2 cm). These results show identifiable differences in dynamic balance control of walking between older adults with a history of tripping or slipping and non-fallers. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Size & Flow: Adult Education Issues in the Senate Immigration Bill (United States)

    Murphy, Garrett; Spangenberg, Gail


    In this essay Garrett Murphy and Gail Spangenberg report on the need for understanding better than in the past, the number of undocumented immigrants likely to need adult education services under provisions of Senate Immigration Bill S.744. The essay looks at why the issues of "size and flow" are important for planners, providers, and…

  4. Statistical Literacy: Developing a Youth and Adult Education Statistical Project (United States)

    Conti, Keli Cristina; Lucchesi de Carvalho, Dione


    This article focuses on the notion of literacy--general and statistical--in the analysis of data from a fieldwork research project carried out as part of a master's degree that investigated the teaching and learning of statistics in adult education mathematics classes. We describe the statistical context of the project that involved the…

  5. establishing a link between adult education and community ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    underlying features that promote the social essence of growth and development of people and their community. A close look at the two concepts simultaneously, adult education and community development seem to be like conjoined or at least non identical twins that are always difficult to separate or identified. In some.

  6. Priorities for Adult Education in a World of Crises. (United States)

    Echeverria, Luis


    The economic crisis facing the world today shows us very clearly that we ought to rethink, redefine and characterize with precision the new role of adult education. A new role should help in contributing effectively to the quest for new ways, truly different alternatives toward a true and authentic development. (SSH)

  7. Barriers towards participation in adult education and training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larson, Anne; Milana, Marcella

    Based on exploratory factor analysis of data from a special Eurobarometer-survey dedicated to lifelong learning, different categories of reasons for not taking part in adult education and training is developed. 18.000 people living in the 15 old EU member countries in the survey were among other ...

  8. Adult Education in Nigeria: The Consequences of Neglect and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper attempts to provide a partial answer by arguing that Nigeria's inadequate commitment over the years to pursue the development of adult education as a strategic objective, as well as an instrument for national development has been one of the major drawbacks to the country's efforts to pull itself out of poverty.

  9. Positioning Adult Educators in Discourses of Professional Development (United States)

    Nicoll, Katherine; Edwards, Richard


    This article explores the discursive work done by different notions of professional development in adult education. In particular we outline the ways in which the discourses of technical expertise, competence and reflective practice are deployed to mobilise professional practices and identities in particular ways and position certain practices and…

  10. Factoring Adult Learners’ Generational Mix in Translator Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakwe George Mbotake


    Full Text Available This study assesses the incidence of androgogical principles and practices in the postgraduate Translator Training programme of the Advanced School of Translators and Interpreters (ASTI in Cameroon.  It posits that teaching that engages androgogical principles and practices are more germane to professional postgraduate Translator Training programmes that educate and service adult students.  As a relatively uncharted area in Translation Studies, the paper seeks to assess students and faculty’s attitudes towards the principles and practices of adult education and the difficulties encountered in their effective implementation. The aim of the study is to recommend androgogically-oriented translation teaching methods as a more effective alternative to effete pedagogical approaches.   The subjects for this study comprised a convenience sample of 41 trainee translators and 08 translator trainers of ASTI. Three data collection methods were used: an affective survey questionnaire, classroom observation, and a literature review component, which provided empirical data on the principles and practices of andragogy and pedagogy. The study demonstrates that knowledge of adult learners goes beyond the most commonly studied demographic variables of age and gender, and uncovers new variables that influence learning and student satisfaction in Translator Training. Keywords: Higher Education, Translator Training, Adult Education, Androgogy, Generational Mix

  11. Antonio Gramsci and His Relevance for the Education of Adults (United States)

    Mayo, Peter


    This paper, drawing on original sources, provides an overview of and a discussion on those writings and ideas, in Antonio Gramsci's huge corpus of work, that are relevant to the education of adults. This should provide a fitting tribute to this major social theorist of the 20th century on the 70th anniversary of his death. Among the topics…

  12. Immigrants to the United States and Adult Education Services (United States)

    Larrotta, Clarena


    This chapter describes documented and undocumented immigrant populations in the United States. It discusses salient factors influencing their status as immigrants as well as adult education services available to them through publicly funded programs, social units, and community centers, especially churches and libraries.

  13. Utilization of Peace Education in Adult Literacy Programmes in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study focused on utilization of peace education in adult literacy programmes in Anambra State for promoting peace, conflict resolution and national security. The study employed the descriptive survey research design. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. The proportionate random sampling ...

  14. Elevator and Escalator Safety Education for Older Adults. (United States)

    Hanks, Roma Stovall


    In eight focus groups in five cities, older adults identified their concerns about safety on elevators and escalators, often related to misunderstanding of the equipment. Their preferences for delivery of safety information included video/television, pamphlets, discussions, and posters. Educational interventions and modifications for disabilities…

  15. Human Capital Development: Reforms for Adult and Community Education (United States)

    Choy, Sarojni; Haukka, Sandra


    The adult and community education (ACE) sector is consistently responsive to changing community needs and government priorities. It is this particular function that has drawn ACE into the lifelong learning debate as one model for sustaining communities. The responsiveness of ACE means that the sector and its programs continue to make valuable…

  16. Adult Education in Theory and Practice--Some German Perspectives (United States)

    Robertson, A. G.


    A summary of a new German paperback series titled Theorie und Praxis der Erwachsenenbildung (Theory and Practice of Adult Education). This summary is intended to provide a general outline of the range and significance of the volumes so far published. (Author/JB)

  17. Office Update. A Course Guide for Adult Business Education Teachers. (United States)

    Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD. Dept. of Adult Education.

    This curriculum guide designed to assist business and office education teachers to better prepare adults seeking employment in office occupations contains seven units: (1) Career Opportunities in Business, 2 hours (general clerical, typing, stenography, job market, choosing a job), (2) Communications, 4 hours (what is communication, how and why we…

  18. Simulation Methodology in Nursing Education and Adult Learning Theory (United States)

    Rutherford-Hemming, Tonya


    Simulation is often used in nursing education as a teaching methodology. Simulation is rooted in adult learning theory. Three learning theories, cognitive, social, and constructivist, explain how learners gain knowledge with simulation experiences. This article takes an in-depth look at each of these three theories as each relates to simulation.…




  20. Diaspora, Migration, and Globalization: Expanding the Discourse of Adult Education (United States)

    Alfred, Mary V.


    This article explores how notions of diaspora, migration, and globalization intersect to inform identities and social realities of those who leave their homeland and resettle in other nations. It calls for expanding the discourse of adult education to incorporate critical studies of the diaspora to make visible the inequality and imbalance of…

  1. Global perpectives on adult education and learning policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    on citizenship and democracy. It highlights several significant shifts: increased awareness of the role of adult education/lifelong learning in enhancing economic growth and social cohesion and mobility, challenging economic and social exclusion and inequality, and developing human and social capital; increased...

  2. Reflections on Mainstreaming Gender Equality in Adult Basic Education Programmes (United States)

    Lind, Agneta


    This article is about mainstreaming gender equality in adult basic learning and education (ABLE). Gender equality is defined as equal rights of both women and men to influence, participate in and benefit from a programme. It is argued that specific gender analyses of emerging patterns of gender relations is helpful in formulating gender equality…

  3. Public Policy and the ‘Sustainability’ of Adult Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella; Rasmussen, Palle Damkjær; Holford, John


    Sustainable growth and development are intrinsically linked with the ways societal problems are thought of and addressed in public and private policy. However, at times when social and economic crises have shown the fragility of existing institutions and policies, it is important to debate how...... on its relationships with adult education policy and social justice....

  4. Public policy and the ‘Sustainability’ of adult education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella; Rasmussen, Palle; Holford, John


    Sustainable growth and development are intrinsically linked with the ways societal problems are thought of and addressed in public and private policy. However, at times when social and economic crises have shown the fragility of existing institutions and policies, it is important to debate how...... on its relationships with adult education policy and social justice....

  5. World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: India. (United States)

    Jayagopal, R.; Burns, E. P.

    Four adult education programs being conducted in India are described in the case studies in this packet. Two of the projects involve literacy; the third promotes literacy as one part of its community development program, and the fourth trains workers in hotel management and catering technology. The literacy programs are (1) development of a…

  6. Improving completion rates in adult education through social responsibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne; Mariager-Anderson, Kristina


    teachers’ competences. This goal was pursued by engaging teachers in training programs aimed at improving their relational competences. The data showed that these focused training programs have an effect on the educational culture at the colleges and on the teachers’ attitudes toward the importance......Dropout is a serious problem within education. This article reports on an intervention project, titled “New Roles for the Teacher—Increased Completion Rates Through Social Responsibility,” which sought to reduce nonattendance and dropout rates in the Danish adult educational system by improving...

  7. Effects of Welfare Reform on Education Acquisition of Adult Women (United States)

    Dave, Dhaval M.; Corman, Hope; Reichman, Nancy E.


    Education beyond traditional ages for schooling is an important source of human capital acquisition among adult women. Welfare reform, which began in the early 1990s and culminated in the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in 1996, promoted work rather than education acquisition for this group. Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, we undertake a comprehensive study of the effects of welfare reform on adult women’s education acquisition. We first estimate effects of welfare reform on high school drop-out of teenage girls, both to improve upon past research on this issue and to explore compositional changes that may be relevant for our primary analyses of the effects of welfare reform on education acquisition among adult women. We find that welfare reform significantly reduced the probability that teens from disadvantaged families dropped out of high school, by about 15%. We then estimate the effects of welfare reform on adult women’s school enrollment and conduct numerous specification checks, investigate compositional selection and policy endogeneity, explore lagged effects, stratify by TANF work incentives and education policies, consider alternative comparison groups, and explore the mediating role of work. We find robust and convincing evidence that welfare reform significantly decreased the probability of college enrollment among adult women at risk of welfare receipt, by at least 20%. It also appears to have decreased the probability of high school enrollment among this group, on the same order of magnitude. Future research is needed to determine the extent to which this behavioral change translates to future economic outcomes. PMID:23504449

  8. Invisible colleges in the adult education research world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Staffan Larsson


    Full Text Available Invisible colleges - researchers’ networks of communicating academic work - are power-generating actors shaping research fields. A key question concerns the relation between local research communities and their dependence on global actors. A key arena is articles and citations in academic journals. An actor-network-inspired empirical investigation of the geographical origin of articles and references in the journal “Studies in the Education of Adults” and a check of references to journals in “Adult Education Quarterly” was made. The origin of articles and study objects in the International journal of Lifelong education was also analysed. Some conclusions can be drawn from the material. One is the heavy impact of “real” geographical location, i.e. the origins of texts and references are located in very specific areas on the map, i.e. in spite of the possibilities of cyberspace and global mobility. Another conclusion is the unilateral relation between an Anglo-American centre and a periphery in the distribution systems of texts. Adult education is faced with a contradictory situation between culturing invisible colleges in adult education and getting resources in the emerging economy of publications and citations through membership in other invisible colleges.

  9. Traffic education for children 4-12 years old. [Previously known as: Traffic education of children 4-12 years old.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)


    Traffic education for children is of the utmost importance as a basis for safe traffic participation; not only formal education at schools, but especially continuous education of children by parents. Since the brains of children have not yet developed completely, there is a limit to what children

  10. Adult learning in veterinary education: theory to practice. (United States)

    Dale, Vicki H M; Sullivan, Martin; May, Stephen A


    This paper argues the case for the increased application of adult learning principles to veterinary education. It encapsulates evidence from the United Kingdom, Europe, North America, and Australia to explain why it has taken veterinary schools so long to transform their curricula to best facilitate the development of lifelong learning skills, such as independent and self-directed learning, problem solving, and critical thinking. Despite the variation in training programs in these different regions, the paper identifies common issues-conflicting educational paradigms and the need for faculty development-and ultimately concludes that professional and continuing education should be viewed as a continuous process, supporting the adult learner's cognitive development and facilitated through experiential learning.


    Rogers, Richard G.; Everett, Bethany G.; Zajacova, Anna; Hummer, Robert A.


    We present the first published estimates of U.S. adult mortality risk by detailed educational degree, including advanced postsecondary degrees. We use the 1997–2002 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Linked Mortality Files and Cox proportional hazards models to reveal wide graded differences in mortality by educational degree. Compared to adults who have a professional degree, those with an MA are 5 percent, those with a BA 26 percent, those with an AA 44 percent, those with some college 65 percent, HS graduates 80 percent, and those with a GED or 12 or fewer years of schooling are at least 95 percent more likely to die during the follow-up period, net of sociodemographic controls. These differentials vary by gender and cohort. Advanced educational degrees are not only associated with increased workforce skill level, but also with a reduced risk of death. PMID:20589989

  12. Child-adult Creating Community as an Institution of Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaikin V.L.,


    Full Text Available The article analyzes the possibilities of education to overcome infantilism and consumer orientation of the younger generation. Even humanistic “pedagogy of relations” is being eroded in the consumer society. Nowadays, to talk about school and to build the school in which children feel only cozy, comfortable and convenient means to prepare new victims of consumerism. The authors state the need of moving from the usual methods and forms of education (formally ritualized, verbal, leisure and entertainment ones to the creative, activity methods and forms, which cultivate the relationships of responsible care. The new institute of education, which is child-adult creating community, is justified both theoretically and practically. The authors provide the examples of mutually beneficial and developing cooperation of adults and children based on the principles of technology, self-management, social entrepreneurship and social service

  13. Creative and innovative competence as a task for adult education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle


    Innovation is seen as a key factor in economic competitiveness and persons who can contribute to and participate in innovation are much wanted. Consequently adult education as well as other parts of educational systems is confronted with demands that the learning environments and the teaching...... should foster creative and innovative qualities in students. Creative and innovative competence can be defined as a person's ability to carry out processes of innovation that contributes something recognized as new to a given domain of knowledge and practice. In the years 2001-2006 the several Danish...... ministries undertook to map the competences of the population. One of the ten competences which the survey tried to measure was ‘creative and innovative competence'. The paper tries to draw out some results and discuss their implications for adult education. As an illustration a cooperation and communication...

  14. Education techniques for lifelong learning: principles of adult learning. (United States)

    Collins, Jannette


    The adult education literature supports the idea that teaching adults should be approached in a different way than teaching children and adolescents (preadults). Many aspects of effective teaching apply to all age groups. However, adults have had more life experiences and in many ways are differently motivated than children. Adults are more self-directed in their learning and have a greater need to know why they should learn something. Self-initiated learning is the most lasting and pervasive. Learning should be applicable to the learner's work or to other responsibilities valued by the learner. Thus, it is important that the instructor know the learner's needs and design learning activities that are relevant to those needs. The learner should be actively involved in learning, with the instructor acting as a facilitator. The instructor should recognize that adults have different learning styles and should tailor instruction to the characteristic ways adults prefer to learn. Understanding the principles of adult learning can help teachers become better facilitators of learning. Copyright RSNA, 2004

  15. 34 CFR 460.1 - What is the purpose of the Adult Education Act? (United States)


    ... citizenship; and (3) Enable adults who so desire to continue their education to at least the level of... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the purpose of the Adult Education Act? 460.1 Section 460.1 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF...

  16. Development of a Thurstone Scale for Measuring Attitudes toward Adult Education (United States)

    Blunt, Adrian


    Reports the development of a Thurstone Scale to measure attitudes toward adult education. Discusses the need to develop new adult education research instruments and to review, validate, revise, or replace existing ones. (JOW)

  17. 77 FR 48973 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Office of Vocational and Adult Education... (United States)


    ... deadline dates for submission of performance and financial reports for the Office of Vocational Adult... DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Office of Vocational and Adult Education; Perkins Discretionary Grant Performance Report SUMMARY: The Perkins Discretionary...

  18. A Secure Base for Adult Learning: Attachment Theory and Adult Education (United States)

    Fleming, Ted


    The attachment theory of John Bowlby has had an enduring impact on our understanding of child development. But these ideas are a neglected and forgotten discourse in adult education. In this paper concepts such as secure and insecure attachments, internal working models, and the strange situation along with the more contemporary concept of…

  19. Local Knowledge and Adult Learning in Environmental Adult Education: Community-Based Ecotourism in Southern Thailand (United States)

    Walter, Pierre


    This paper examines how local knowledge is employed in environmental adult education in a community-based ecotourism project in an island community in southern Thailand. The study is based on field research and analysis of project websites, media reports and documents. Situated at the intersection of global tourism and a local Thai-Malay Muslim…

  20. The role of adult educators towards (potential participants and their contribution to increasing participation in adult education - insights into existing research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aiga von Hippel


    Full Text Available Increasing participation in adult education and addressing certain (disadvantaged target groups is not only a professed aim of educational politics on both the national and the international level, but also a pedagogical goal. Target group and participant orientation are fundamental concepts in this process. This article discusses results of a recent German research project which examined the perspective of adult educators. The question is raised as to how far adult educators believe that target groups and participant oriented quality and the promotion of competences among adult educators may contribute to an increase in enrolment in further education. By examining the attitudes of adult educators with regard to target groups and participant orientation possible ways of improving target group participation and participant orientation on the institutional level are suggested. Furthermore, the article touches upon research questions, asking how research on potential participants and actual participants could be linked to research on educational programmes and the profession.

  1. Between Inclusion and Fairness: Social Justice Perspective to Participation in Adult Education (United States)

    Boyadjieva, Pepka; Ilieva-Trichkova, Petya


    The article claims that equity is an indispensable dimension of the widening of access to adult education. Building on the understanding of social justice in adult education as a complex phenomenon, two indicators are developed: an index of inclusion and an index of fairness in participation in adult education. The article analyses social justice…

  2. More Important than Guns: Chinese Adult Education after the Long March (United States)

    Boshier, Roger; Yan Huang,


    Without adult education, there would have been no Communist government in China. Once the Long March arrived in Yan'an, Mao and Communist leaders used adult education in informal and nonformal settings to build momentum for revolution. This article analyzes the theory and practice of adult education during the Yan'an "golden years"…

  3. From Hamburg to Belem: The Limits of Technocratic Thinking in Adult Learning Education (United States)

    Torres, Carlos Alberto


    This article discusses some of the generalized analyses of adult learning education, mostly informed by technocratic thinking, highlighting perceived trends in adult learning education between CONFINTEA V and CONFITEA VI. Those trends could be understood as challenges. Employing a political sociology of adult learning education as a critique of…

  4. Arrhythmias and sudden death among older children and young adults following tetralogy of Fallot repair in the current era: are previously reported risk factors still applicable? (United States)

    Arya, Swati; Kovach, Julie; Singh, Harinder; Karpawich, Peter P


    Young adult patients (pts) with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) remain at risk for arrhythmias (Ar) and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Based on past studies with earlier pt subsets, Ar/SCD events were associated with right ventricular (RV) systolic pressures >60 mm Hg, outflow tract gradients >20 mm Hg, and QRS duration >180 ms. However, there are limited recent studies to evaluate these risk factors in the current patient generation. Patients with TOF followed over the past 50 years were grouped by presence of any arrhythmias (group 1), absence of arrhythmias (group 2), and presence of SCD or significant ventricular arrhythmias (group 3) and correlated with current pt age, gender, age at repair, repair types, echocardiogram, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, electrocardiogram/Holter, hemodynamics, and electrophysiology findings. Of 109 pts, 52 were male aged 17-58 years. Of these, 59 (54%) had Ar, two of whom had SCD. These 59 pts were chronologically older at the time of analysis, with repair at an older age and wider QRS duration (78-240, mean 158 ms) when compared with those without Ar. However, there was no correlation with surgical era, surgical repair, gender, RV pressure >60 mm Hg, right ventricular outflow tract gradient >20 mm Hg, or RV end-diastolic volume on CMRI. Ar/SCD risk continues to correlate with repair age and advancing pt age. QRS duration is longer in these patients but at a shorter interval (mean 158 ms) and less RV pressure (mean 43 mm Hg) than previously reported. In the current TOF patient generation, neither surgical era, type of repair, RV outflow gradient nor RV volume correlate with Ar/SCD. Electrophysiologic testing to verify and identify arrhythmias remains clinically effective. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Qualification of Adult Educators in Europe: Insights From the Portuguese Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catarina Paulos


    Full Text Available This article explores the role of the European Union in defining an adult education policy and the way European countries appropriate those guidelines and implement them in their realities. These policies have been widening and diversifying adult education, creating the necessity of qualifying educational professionals. With the implementation of some adult education political measures, new educational practices were developed and new professional activities were born.

  6. Literacy practices in a youth and adult education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilcéa Lemos Pelandré


    Full Text Available This article discusses literacy education practices in events with newspapers and magazines, in which participated 27 reading students and a teacher in a Youth and Adult Education class in a municipal public school of Florianópolis in 2007. The theoretical perspective adopted for the data analysis is that of the New Literacy Studies (Street 2003; Barton 1994; Gee 2004, 2005;  Dionísio 2007a, 2007b with an emphasis on the models of autonomous and ideological literacy proposed by Street (2003. The data presented demonstrate the existence of reading and writing practices in a Youth and Adult Education (EJA which, at certain times, come close to the autonomous literacy education model, and at others, the ideological model. The data also reveal that linking educational practices to social practices allows understanding the plurality of the literacy practices, generating meanings helpful to students in relation to the methodology of teaching used and the reading and writing in use.

  7. Efficacy of learning strategies instruction in adult basic education (United States)

    Hock, Michael F.; Mellard, Daryl F.


    Results from randomized controlled trials of learning strategies instruction with 375 adult basic education (AE) participants are reported. Reading outcomes from whole group strategic instruction in one of four learning strategies were compared to outcomes of reading instruction delivered in the context of typical adult education units on social studies, history, and science. Both experimental and control conditions experienced high attrition and low attendance, resulting in only 105 control and 100 experimental participants’ data in outcome analyses for the trials of the four learning strategies. Reading outcomes for these completers were not significantly different between experimental and control conditions, and each group achieved minimal gains. We discuss possible reasons for the non-significant effect from the intervention, including insufficient instructional dosage. PMID:22121409

  8. Editorial: Technology for higher education, adult learning and human performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minhong Wang


    Full Text Available This special issue is dedicated to technology-enabled approaches for improving higher education, adult learning, and human performance. Improvement of learning and human development for sustainable development has been recognized as a key strategy for individuals, institutions, and organizations to strengthen their competitive advantages. It becomes crucial to help adult learners and knowledge workers to improve their self-directed and life-long learning capabilities. Meanwhile, advances in technology have been increasingly enabling and facilitating learning and knowledge-related initiatives.. They have largely extended learning opportunities through the provision of resource-rich and learner-centered environment, computer-based learning support, and expanded social interactions and networks. Papers in this special issue are representative of ongoing research on integration of technology with learning for innovation and sustainable development in higher education institutions and organizational and community environments.

  9. "Quien Sabe Mas Lucha Mejor": Adult Educators' Care of the Self Practices within Social Movements in Buenos Aires, Argentina (United States)

    O'Donnell, Jennifer Lee


    This article looks at popular adult educators' care of the self practices within social movements in Buenos Aires, Argentina. It answers the following questions: How is popular adult education practiced amongst educators in social movements? What can studying popular adult educators' care of the self practices offer the field of adult education?…

  10. Change management in adult educational organizations: a Slovenian case study:


    Martinčič, Romana


    Successful implementing andmanaging of change is urgently necessary for each adult educational organization. During the process, leading of the staff is becoming a key condition and the most significant factor. Beside certain personal traits of the leader, change management demands also certain leadership knowledges, skills, versatilities and behaviour which may even border on changing the organizational culture. The paper finds the significance of certain values and of organizational climate...

  11. Pathways from adult education to well-being: The Tuijnman model revisited (United States)

    Jenkins, Andrew; Wiggins, Richard D.


    There is a growing interest among researchers and policy-makers in the influence of adult learning on a range of outcomes, notably health and well-being. Much of the research to date has tended to focus on younger adults and the immediate benefits of course participation. The longer-term outcomes, such as the potential of accumulated learning experience for enriching later life, have been neglected. The study presented in this article adopts a lifecourse approach to participation in learning and the potential benefits of learning. The authors concentrate on adult education in mid-life, that is between the ages of 33 and 50, as the measure of learning participation. Their research draws upon previous work conducted by Albert Tuijnman which used Swedish data and which was published a quarter of a century ago in the pages of the International Review of Education. The authors of this paper seek to replicate and extend his pioneering work, using data from the National Child Development Study (NCDS), a large-scale survey containing information on all those born in Britain in one week in 1958. Follow-up data were collected at various points in childhood and adulthood, most recently when the cohort reached the age of 50, thus enabling insights into long-term developments. The authors analyse well-being at age 50 as an outcome in structural equation models (SEM). This approach helps to understand the pathways through which adult education has an impact on well-being. The estimated models show how adult education in mid-life has an influence on the type and quality of jobs which are accessible to individuals, and how this in turn can contribute to higher well-being at age 50.

  12. Part-Time Higher Education in English Colleges: Adult Identities in Diminishing Spaces (United States)

    Esmond, Bill


    Adult participation in higher education has frequently entailed mature students studying part time in lower-ranked institutions. In England, higher education policies have increasingly emphasised higher education provision in vocational further education colleges, settings which have extensive adult traditions but which mainly teach…

  13. Professional Training Programs of Masters in Adult Education at Universities of Germany (United States)

    Hizhynska, Tetiana


    The German experience in professional training of teaching staff in adult education has been analyzed; it has been clarified that modern educational programs of Bachelor and Master specialties are based on the basic educational program offered by Adult Education Sectional Commission of Pedagogical Sciences in Germany (DGfE); value-targeted and…

  14. Can a program of food and diabetes education improve the quality of the lives of diabetic patients with a previous myocardial infarction? (United States)

    Tantucci, A; Ripani, C; Giannini, C; Fregonese, M; De Angelis, M


    People with diabetes and cardiovascular complications need to be educated about the self-management of the disease at the time of diagnosis and during the follow-up to best benefit from what they learn. Education is most effective when offered to small groups of patients led by a professional team. The aim of the study is the evaluation of diabetes and food education aimed at improving the self-awareness of the disease, the management and the quality of the lives of diabetic patients with a previous myocardial infarction. The sample group consisted of 20 subjects suffering from diabetes mellitus type 2 with a previous myocardial infarction. First, subjects were administered a test to assess the degree of knowledge of diabetes and quality of life; they also performed a walking test and a food interview. Anthropometric assessments and serum chemistry parameters were taken into consideration. Subsequently, they attended 7 lessons on nutrition, diabetes and cardiovascular complications; post intervention, the sample group demonstrated statistically significant improvement in the knowledge of the disease, in anthropometric measurements and walking test. Although we have not found an improvement of biochemical parameters, informing diabetic subjects of their health conditions and complications is essential in order to achieve patient empowerment and the compliance.

  15. A computerized program to educate adults about environmental health risks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adams, M.; Dewey, J.; Schur, P.


    A computerized program called Environmental Risk Appraisal (ERA) has been developed to educate adults about environmental health risks and to motivate positive behavior change. A questionnaire addresses issues such as radon, environmental tobacco smoke, pesticides, lead, air and water pollution, and work-site risks. Responses are computer processed in seconds to produce an individualized computer printout containing a score, educational messages, and phone numbers to call for more information. A variety of audiences including environmental groups, worksites, women's organizations and health professionals were represented in this study of 269 participants. Many respondents indicated they were exposed to important environmental hazards and nearly 40 percent reported they had, or might have had, an environmental related illness at some time. Preliminary evaluation indicates the program is effective as an educational tool in raising awareness of environmental health risks

  16. Macroeconomics, (Adult) Education, and Poverty Eradication in Southern Africa (United States)

    Nhamo, Senia; Nhamo, Godwell


    The Millennium Summit held in New York in September 2000 outlined the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The first of these involves the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, setting two targets: halving by 2015 the percentage of the world's populace in 1990 with income less than US-1 a day (i.e., cutting this percentage from 27.9 to 14%); and halving the share of people who suffer from hunger. As for education, the MDGs seek to ensure that all children can complete primary schooling by 2015. Drawing on examples from selected southern African countries, the present study examines the need to strengthen economic support for (adult) education as an instrument of poverty eradication. It argues that human capital is one of the fundamental determinants of economic growth, and that this economic resource is essentially determined in both qualitative and quantitative regards by education.

  17. Adult learning, education, and the labour market inthe employability regime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Staffan Nilsson


    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to draw on the research and scholarly literature to explorethe changing discourses and perspectives concerning adult learning, education, and thelabour market in the employability regime. The focus of the nalysis is a Nordic context.The dominant employability regime maintains a technical-rational perspective onlearning and employability. Education is predominantly regarded as an instrumentalpreparation for the labour market. The future demands of the labour market are largelyunknown, however, and vocational and professional training may not provide sufficientpreparation for the increasing complexities of work. Theoretical discussions have beendominated by an alleged mismatch between individual competence and thequalifications that are required in the world of work. There is no consensus regardinghow the gap should be described, explained, or bridged. New demands on educationaldesign have emerged, and ideas related to liberal education and ‘bildung’ have beenreinserted into the political agenda, offering general preparation for a wider array ofchallenges.

  18. Creative and innovative competence as a task for adult education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle


    should foster creativity, innovative skills and entrepreneurship. But what is the nature of such skills, and how can they be developed through education? In the paper I present and discuss a way of approaching this problem. I focus on three interlinked themes: (1) the concept of creative and innovative......Innovation is seen as a key factor in economic competitiveness and persons who can contribute to and participate in innovation are much wanted. Consequently adult education as well as other parts of educational systems is confronted with demands that the learning environments and the teaching...... competence, which I understand as the capacity of a person, given the resources and the situation allows it, to effect visible innovation in a domain of knowledge and practise; (2) the patterns of resources and participation associated with this type of competence, drawing especially on a Danish survey...

  19. Motivation for Adult Education – An example of an evaluation study of a personal education plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonja Kump


    Full Text Available In this paper we examine the role of the personal education plan (PEP in increasing the performance of adults in vocational and technical education in Slovenia. A survey questionnaire and the analysis of qualitative interviews were used in selected institutions, providing vocational and technical programmes for adult learners. We are interested in the preparation and realization of the PEP, who participates in the process, the role of the PEP in the educational process and what obstacles educational institutions are facing. We also examine the attitudes of the experts in educational institutions to preparation and implementation of the PEP. In addition, we are interested in their experience of this instrument as a participants’ motivational factor and its influence on reducing the barriers they encounter in the process of education. We have found that in the preparation of PEP many problems appear for both the organisers and educators on the one hand and the learners on the other. The reasons are lack of human resources, particularly inthe preparation and execution of PEPs, lack of time for preparation of PEPs, and other, structural, circumstances preventing proper planning of the educational process in accordance with the PEP. The participants generally observe that, in the form used today,the PEPin most cases fails to be the motivational tool and incentive for better education and learning,which it was planned to become.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Nikolaevna Bulayeva


    Full Text Available Aim: consider the possibility of managing continuous corporate adult education with project-based training in professional educational organizations. Additionally, perform an extensive literature review on the state of the problem not only in Russia but also abroad.Method and methodology. The tasks that we solved in the course of experimental work on the management of continuous corporate education aimed at adult learners, were closely tied to the aim of our research. We obtained quantitative data that enabled a qualitative analysis of the experiment results. That allowed us to get insights into how well-formed various aspects of knowledge are in the management of continuous corporate education.Results: the results of experimental work can be used in the development and creation of new methods for operational control and the development of techniques for the management of corporate education with project-based learning. Experimental studies of the problem under consideration were conducted at the Nizhny Novgorod Institute for Education Development, and the subjects were students of the Institute. At each stage, various research methods were used depending on the goals and objectives.Application domain: the system of secondary vocational education, higher education and further vocational education.

  1. Patient's anxiety and fear of anesthesia: effect of gender, age, education, and previous experience of anesthesia. A survey of 400 patients. (United States)

    Mavridou, Paraskevi; Dimitriou, Varvara; Manataki, Adamantia; Arnaoutoglou, Elena; Papadopoulos, Georgios


    Patients express high anxiety preoperatively, because of fears related to anesthesia and its implications. The purpose of this survey was to gain insight into these fears and to study whether they are affected by patients' sex, age, education, or previous experience of anesthesia. Questionnaires with fixed questions were distributed to consenting, consecutive surgical patients before the pre-anesthetic visit. The questionnaires included patients' demographics and questions related to their fears about anesthesia. Four-hundred questionnaires were collected and analyzed. Eighty-one percent of patients experience preoperative anxiety. The main sources of their anxiety were fear of postoperative pain (84 %), of not waking up after surgery (64.8 %), of being nauseous or vomiting (60.2 %), and of drains and needles (59.5 %). Patients are less concerned about being paralyzed because of anesthesia (33.5 %) or of revealing personal issues (18.8 %). Gender seems to affect patients fears, with women being more afraid (85.3 vs. 75.6 % of men, p = 0.014). The effects of patients' age, level of education, and previous experience of anesthesia are minor, except for individual questions. Sixty-three percent of our patients (mostly women 67.4 vs. 57.4 % of men, p = 0.039) talk about these fears with their relatives, although a vast majority of 95.5 % would prefer to talk with the anesthesiologist and be reassured by him. All patients, mostly women, express fears about anesthesia; this fear leads to preoperative anxiety. Slight differences are observed for some individual questions among patients of different sex, education level, and previous experience of anesthesia.

  2. Effectiveness of educational interventions to improve food safety practices among older adults. (United States)

    Kosa, Katherine M; Cates, Sheryl C; Godwin, Sandria L; Ball, Melanie; Harrison, Robert E


    The purpose of the study was to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of using Web-based and print materials for improving food safety practices to reduce the risk of foodborne illness among older adults. The study used a randomized controlled design, with participants assigned to an intervention group or control group. Although we observed small improvements in both groups, the difference in the changes between the two groups was nonsignificant, suggesting the educational materials did not impact participant behavior. We did, however, observe a trend improvement in one measure: the recommendation to avoid eating cold (not reheated) deli meats. The lack of program impact may be attributable to limitations of the evaluation (e.g., measurement effects) or the intervention (e.g., lack of personal contact). Based on the survey findings, improvements in older adults' food safety practices regarding reheating deli meats to steaming hot and cooking eggs until the yolks and whites are firm are needed. The current study and previous research suggest that current cohorts of older adults may be more receptive to print materials than Web-based materials. To improve retention and adoption of recommended food safety practices among older adults, future educational interventions should focus on a limited number of practices and combine print materials with personal contact.

  3. Study on Distance Education to Adult Students in New Media Background based on Computer Technology


    Pan Ying


    In the context of new media, traditional adult students’ distance education has been an unprecedented challenge to the current distance education of adult students to fully understand the importance of the use of new media, necessity, and through new media the student population is widely popular media to develop and strengthen distance education of adult students, so as to continuously improve the effectiveness of distance education, and improve the quality of personnel training. In this pap...

  4. Dangers of Nonprescription Medicines: Educating and Counseling Older Adults. (United States)

    Kinsey, Joshua Davis; Nykamp, Diane


    To provide a review for health care providers regarding appropriate education and counseling for older adults involving commonly used nonprescription medicines with potential for adverse effects, drug-drug interactions, or toxicity when incorrectly selected or overused. A literature search was performed using MEDLINE and PUBMED to locate relevant articles. DAILYMED was used for manufacturer dosage recommendations. Additionally, peer-reviewed textbooks were consulted for evidence-based standards of care. Articles were reviewed and selected for inclusion based on relevance to the subject and accuracy of information provided. Articles chosen were published between March 2008 and December 2016. Additionally, several textbook chapters providing information for nonprescription medicines chosen for evaluation in this review were used. Nonprescription medicines are accessible and widely used by older adults. Polypharmacy and drug duplication are concerns because of negative outcomes. Given the accessibility and knowledge of pharmacists, they are often asked questions regarding nonprescription medicines. Pharmacists have a duty and responsibility to commit to lifelong learning and to provide appropriate education and counseling on the use of nonprescription medicines. This will help decrease overall health care costs and potential negative problems associated with polypharmacy among older adults that include adverse effects, toxicity, and drug-drug interactions.

  5. Implementation of ISO 9000 Quality Standard into Adult Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Sotošek


    Full Text Available Competition in the field of adult education in Slovenia has become very tough  in the second half of the 1990s. Therefore, educational institutions are forced to use every advantage over the competitors in the educational market. One of them is the quality system in educational process. Such competitive position setting strategic development objectives is also the strategy of UPI - Ljudska univerza Žalec. Through development objectives, relationships with our partners and customers, as well as on the basis of analysis of the position and connections of Slovenia within the European Union and its involvement in international projects we estimated that we should set up a quality system in our institution involving managerial, organisational and professional function. It is important that the system should be comparable and verifiable according to the European standards. We have chosen the Quality System according to ISO 9000 quality standards as the most suitable model. It offers an institutional framework as well as a good basis for an internal and external verification of the efficiency of the system in real life. It also enables corrections to deviations. However, it lacks a stronger stress on internal self-control and self-evaluation, which is emphasised in the model of quality assurance in education developed by a group of experts to order of Ministry of Education and Sport. Both model s can be combined and are mutually compatible. I am convinced of the great importance of self-evaluation in education. Yet, without an appropriate institutional framework and basic external verification the self-evaluation remains on the interna! and subjective level of judgement within an individual educational institution.

  6. International influences in Adult Education during Franco’s period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva García Redondo


    Full Text Available This article offers a point of view of adult education in Spain during Franco´s Regime, through critical analysis of the most important international contributions. Education was considered by the regime as an aid to socialize the population. In this article, we want to determine, firstly, if we can observe or not a certain international influence in adult education politics; second, if it is real that, behind this international interest about organizations, like UN and OECD, there is an motive and what is it; and finally, determine what importance has these universal proposals in the national political development. So, aided by the method historical-pedagogical, we make a critical review of the conferences, documents and most notable reports produced by these organizations during the period analyzed, with a particular interpretation that in summarized form, presented below.How to reference this articleGarcía Redondo, E. (2015. Influencias internacionales en la Educación de Adultos durante el franquismo. Foro de Educación, 13(19, 327-341. doi:

  7. A Handbook for ETV Utilization in Adult Education: Final Report: Volume 3. (United States)

    Morehead State Univ., KY. Appalachian Adult Education Center.

    The document is a handbook designed to aid program administrators in planning, managing, and assessing adult educational television (ETV), to assure adult viewers the maximum instructional/learning benefit possible. The handbook includes four types of information; (1) an introduction to the Appalachian Adult Education Center (AAEC) experience, (2)…

  8. Open Education 2030: Planning the Future of Adult Learning in Europe (United States)

    Castaño Muñoz, Jonatan; Redecker, Christine; Vuorikari, Riina; Punie, Yves


    Adult learning and open education have become key elements on the European Agenda. This paper presents the first results of a foresight activity that aims to contribute to an understanding of how "Opening up Education" can improve adult learning in Europe in the future. It argues that to open up adult learning two main challenges must be…

  9. Academic and Vocational Education for Incarcerated Adult and Juvenile Sex Offenders: A National Study. (United States)

    Vaughn, Michael S.


    Examined adult and juvenile sex offender academic and vocational education programs. Data were collected from 103 sex offender treatment providers. Findings revealed that both adult and juvenile sex offender education programs provided wide variety of service choices in academic and vocational programs. Adult programs averaged slightly more…

  10. Sustaining Advocacy and Action on Women's Participation and Gender Equality in Adult Education (United States)

    Medel-Anonuevo, Carolyn; Bernhardt, Anna


    This article gives an overview of the development of gender equality and women's participation in adult learning and education in the history of the International Conferences on Adult Education (CONFINTEA). Though the equality of rights was highlighted throughout the various conferences, the first Global Report on Adult Learning and Education…

  11. Shame and Transformation in the Theory and Practice of Adult Learning and Education (United States)

    Walker, Jude


    Shame both stymies and motivates learning; it prevents adults from participating in educational programs yet, with accompanied self-examination, it can be the catalyst for transformation. While fundamental for understanding adult learning, shame is (shamefully) inadequately theorized in the field of adult education: We don't talk enough about…

  12. Community Development, Popular Education, Financing of Adult Education. ASPBAE Courier No. 48. (United States)

    ASPBAE Courier, 1990


    Several of the articles in this document arose out of the International Council for Adult Education's World Assembly held in Bangkok, Thailand, in January 1990. The first article is on the 1989 evaluation of the Hilltribe Development Project, a long-term project undertaken in the north of Thailand. The article briefly describes various aspects of…

  13. Educating the adult brain: How the neuroscience of learning can inform educational policy (United States)

    Knowland, Victoria C. P.; Thomas, Michael S. C.


    The acquisition of new skills in adulthood can positively affect an individual's quality of life, including their earning potential. In some cases, such as the learning of literacy in developing countries, it can provide an avenue to escape from poverty. In developed countries, job retraining in adulthood contributes to the flexibility of labour markets. For all adults, learning opportunities increase participation in society and family life. However, the popular view is that adults are less able to learn for an intrinsic reason: their brains are less plastic than in childhood. This article reviews what is currently known from neuroscientific research about how brain plasticity changes with age, with a particular focus on the ability to acquire new skills in adulthood. Anchoring their review in the examples of the adult acquisition of literacy and new motor skills, the authors address five specific questions: (1) Are sensitive periods in brain development relevant to learning complex educational skills like literacy? (2) Can adults become proficient in a new skill? (3) Can everyone learn equally effectively in adulthood? (4) What is the role of the learning environment? (5) Does adult education cost too much? They identify areas where further research is needed and conclude with a summary of principles for enhancing adult learning now established on a neuroscience foundation.

  14. Redescription of the adults and new descriptions of the previously unknown immature stages of Culex (Culex) articularis Philippi, 1865 (Diptera: Culicidae) from central Chile. (United States)

    González, Christian R; Reyes, Carolina; Rada, Viviana


    Male and female adults of Culex (Culex) articularis Philippi are redescribed, and the 4th-instar larva and pupa are described and illustrated for the first time. Culex articularis is compared with other species of the subgenus Culex. Illustrations of diagnostic characters of the female, male genitalia, 4th-instar larva, and pupa are also provided.

  15. 34 CFR 461.32 - What are programs for corrections education and education for other institutionalized adults? (United States)


    ... criminal offenders in corrections institutions and for other institutionalized adults. Those programs may... education, basis skills instruction, and abnormal psychology; (5) Guidance and counseling programs; (6) Supportive services for criminal offenders, with special emphasis on the coordination of educational services...

  16. Time trends in adult chronic disease inequalities by education in Brazil: 1998-2013. (United States)

    Beltrán-Sánchez, Hiram; Andrade, Flavia C D


    Socioeconomic differences in health in Brazil are largely driven by differences in educational attainment. In this paper, we assess whether educational gradients in chronic disease prevalence have narrowed in Brazil from 1998 to 2013, a period of a booming economy accompanied by major investments in public health in the country. Individual-level data came from the 1998, 2003 and 2008 Brazilian National Household Survey and the 2013 National Health Survey. We first evaluate age-standardized prevalence rates of chronic disease by education and second, we predict the estimated prevalence rate between those in low vs. high education to assess if relative changes in chronic disease have narrowed over time. Third, we estimate the slope index of inequality (SII) that evaluates the absolute change in the predicted prevalence of a disease between those in low vs. high education. Finally, we tested for statistically significant time trends in adult chronic disease inequalities by education. Prevalence of diabetes and hypertension have increased over the period, whereas the prevalence of heart disease decreased. Brazilian adults with no education had higher levels of diabetes, hypertension and heart disease than those with some college or more. Adjusted prevalence for hypertension and heart disease indicate some progress in reducing educational disparities over time. However, for diabetes, adjusted results show a continuously increasing educational disparity from 1998 to 2013. By 2013, individuals with no education had about two times higher diabetes prevalence than those with higher education with larger disparity among women. Results confirm findings from previous work that educational inequalities in health are large in Brazil but also provide evidence suggesting some improvement in narrowing these differentials in recent times. Recent policies aiming at reducing the prevalence of obesity, smoking and alcohol consumption, and increasing physical activity and consumption of

  17. Young and Adult Education: social representations about writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Mendonça Ferreira


    Full Text Available This article discusses how writing is perceived by female students enrolled in the Young and Adult Education program at the Instituto Federal Fluminense, campus Centro, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ. Following contributions of the Social Representations Theory, it was possible to analyze the social aspects th Sabrina Mendonça Ferreira, Gerson Tavares Carmoat influence the reality of those student in regards to writing, and more specifically: their ways of conceiving and perceiving it as subjects of a social identity, of justifying it in the ways they use it or fear it, and of guiding their strategies in relation to desire or fear of writing.

  18. Promoting Democratic Citizenship Through Non-Formal Adult Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella; Bernt Sørensen, Tore


    The article presents selected findings from in-depth case studies of two non-formal learning activities organized by the Danish Folk High Schools and Day High Schools, respectively. The purpose of the empirical study was to investigate how longstanding non-formal adult education institutions have...... for a multiplicity of views to be expressed and mutually recognised. Furthermore, the communication flow between learning institutions and the public sphere constitutes a crucial dimension for raising students' self-awareness of societal matters at both local and global level. The authors argue that, despite...

  19. Conceptualizing Success And Performance for Adult Learners: Merging the Contexts of Adult Education and Professional Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rieger Gil


    Full Text Available This article examines the concepts of learning performance and learning success within the context of adult learners. The focus is on how these concepts have been defined in the literature, as they are anchored in different didactic theories and how they can effectively be applied to learning contexts with adults. Due to the divergent approaches and definitions in the literature, this article compares, categorizes and merges the literature, providing an overview and recommendations for practice. The overview refers to a critical examination of constructivism based approaches compared to other didactic learning theories such as cognitivism or behaviorism. Adult education presents itself as a dynamic area that can develop progressively, in both the professional and educational environments. Nowadays, it is important to be able to collect and use information quickly. This makes it possible to gain an advantage and deal with problems or questions in more focused ways. One must deal with increasing demands and a higher number of competitors not only in professional life. A synthesis of the literature can be presented by examining the terms of learning performance and learning success in different approaches, regarding implementations, definitions, historical developments as well as continuative and connected concepts, tendencies or point of views.

  20. Nutrition education effective in increasing fruit and vegetable consumption among overweight and obese adults. (United States)

    Wagner, Meredith G; Rhee, Yeong; Honrath, Kerrie; Blodgett Salafia, Elizabeth H; Terbizan, Donna


    Despite the benefits of fruit and vegetable consumption on weight and decreased risk for chronic disease, Americans' intake of fruits and vegetables is well below the recommended daily servings. While previous studies have assessed fruit and vegetable consumption and the influence of educational interventions on fruit and vegetable intake, no studies to date have examined the effects of nutrition education combined with provision of fruits and vegetables on changes in fruit and vegetable consumption among overweight and obese adults. The objectives of this study were to evaluate fruit and vegetable consumption patterns, including intake of antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables, provide education about benefits of consuming fruits and vegetables, expose participants to different varieties of fruits and vegetables, and improve fruit and vegetable consumption. Fifty-four adults (19 men/35 women; 44.7 ± 12.1 y) were randomly assigned to one of three intervention groups. The control group received no intervention, the education group attended weekly nutrition lessons focused on benefits of fruit and vegetable consumption, and the fruit and vegetable group attended weekly nutrition lessons and received one serving of fruits and two servings of vegetables per day for 10 weeks. Intake of fruits and vegetables was assessed using semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires and three-day food records. Findings suggested that while the majority of participants failed to consume the recommended number of servings of fruits and vegetables per day, nutrition education was helpful in improving the consumption frequency of antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables among overweight and obese adults. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. A Guidebook to a Program of Adult Education in the Greek Orthodox Church. (United States)

    Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America, New York, NY. Dept. of Laity.

    In this booklet, information and guidelines are presented on educational needs and educational planning among Greek Orthodox adults in the United States. The challenge to update and upgrade religious adult education is briefly discussed in its historical context. Next come suggestions for planning archdiocese laity programs involving young people…

  2. New Trends in Adult Education: Concepts and Recent Empirical Achievements. Series C: Innovations No. 7. (United States)

    Janne, Henri; Roggemans, Marie Laure

    The impact of the principles of lifelong education on the adult education system is the subject of this study. Efforts to co-ordinate post-school activities in several departments are discussed. The study traces the predominant patterns in the empirical development of adult education, both professional and nonprofessional, and shows the…

  3. Being a (Good) Student: Conceptions of Identity of Adult Basic Education Participants Transitioning to College (United States)

    Reddy, Mina


    This study examines the perceptions of identity of a category of students that has rarely been studied in the context of higher education. These are adults who have participated in GED preparation or English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) courses in Adult Basic Education (ABE) programs. A college education is increasingly necessary for…

  4. Education-Related Parameters in High Myopia: Adults versus School Children.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jost B Jonas

    Full Text Available Since high myopia in the younger generation may differ etiologically from high myopia in older generations, we examined whether education-related parameters differ between high myopia in today´s school children and high pathological myopia in today´s elderly generation.The investigation included the adult populations of the population-based Beijing Eye Study (BES (3468 adults;mean age:64.6±9.8years;range:50-93years and Central India Eye and Medical Study (CIEMS (4711 adults;age:49.±13.2years;range:30-100years, and the children and teenager populations of the Shandong Children Eye Study (SCES (6026 children;age:9.7±3.3years;range:4-18years;cycloplegic refractometry, Gobi Desert Children Eye Study (1565;age:11.9±3.5years;range:6-21 years;cycloplegic refractometry, Beijing Pediatric Eye Study (681 children;age:7.7±1.6years;range:5-13 years;non-cycloplegic refractometry,calculation of axial length to corneal curvature radius ratio, Beijing Children Eye Study (15066 children;age:13.2±3.4years;range:7-18years;non-cycloplegic refractometry, Beijing High School Teenager Eye Study (4677 children;age:16.9±0.7years;range:16-18years;non-cycloplegic refractometry.In the BES and CIEMS, educational level did not differ significantly between, or was significantly lower in the highly myopic group (myopic refractive error ≥6 diopters than in the non-highly myopic group. In all non-adult study populations, higher prevalence of high myopia was significantly associated with higher degree of education related parameters such as attendance of high-level schools, and more time spent for indoors near work versus time spent outdoors.Comparing associations of old or genetic high myopia in adults with new or acquired high myopia in school children revealed that education-related parameters did not show a clear association with old or genetic high myopia, while in contrast, new high myopia showed strong associations with education. It confirms previous studies

  5. Approaching Adult Education Literature Using the Donlevy Template of Perspectives: A Focus on the Psychological Perspective. (United States)

    Donlevy, James G.; Donlevy, Tia Rice


    Provides brief descriptions of adult education from technological, psychological, ideological, and sociological perspectives. Author examines the psychological perspective, highlighting the work of Jack Mezirow (transformation theory), Roger Gould (seven-step adult development process), Patricia Cranton (Understanding and Promoting Transformative…

  6. Educational Attainment and Smoking Status in a National Sample of American Adults; Evidence for the Blacks' Diminished Return. (United States)

    Assari, Shervin; Mistry, Ritesh


    Although higher socioeconomic status (SES) indicators such as educational attainment are linked with health behaviors, the Blacks’ Diminished Return theory posits that the protective effects of SES are systemically smaller for Blacks than Whites. To explore the Black/White differences in the association between education and smoking. This cross-sectional study used the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) 2017 ( n = 3217). HINTS is a national survey of American adults. The current analysis included 2277 adults who were either Whites ( n = 1868; 82%) or Blacks ( n = 409; 18%). The independent variable was educational attainment, and the dependent variables were ever and current (past 30-day) smoking. Demographic factors (age and gender) were covariates. Race was the focal moderator. In the pooled sample, higher educational attainment was associated with lower odds of ever and current smoking. Race interacted with the effects of higher educational attainment on current smoking, suggesting a stronger protective effect of higher education against current smoking for Whites than Blacks. Race did not interact with the effect of educational attainment on odds of ever smoking. In line with previous research in the United States, education is more strongly associated with health and health behaviors in Whites than Blacks. Smaller protective effects of education on health behaviors may be due to the existing racism across institutions such as the education system and labor market.

  7. Lifelong Learning, Lifelong Education and Adult Education in Higher Institutions of Learning in Eastern Africa: The Case of Makerere University Institute of Adult and Continuing Education (United States)

    Openjuru, George L.


    This paper advocates for policy recognition of lifelong learning by institutions of higher learning and governments in Eastern Africa. Lifelong learning and lifelong education are two concepts that aim at widening access to and the participation of adult learners in the acquisition of new knowledge, skills, values and attitudes. There are many…

  8. Discursive turns from 'Bildung' to managerialism: Memory-work of the Finnish adult education generations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Filander


    Full Text Available The article focuses on the struggles over ethos in academic adult education tradition that grows from the frameworks of student generations in Finnish adult education. It brings together elements of present-day analysis and historically sensitizing memory data on generations of the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. My interest here lies in how the rhetoric of lifelong learning and education has revised the basic assumptions of adult education. The data suggest that the dominant narrative of adult education is increasingly the discourse of marketization. Finnish present-day student generations seem to have lost their intrinsic connections with the Scandinavian traditions of popular enlightenment and the values of equality and basic logics enabling 'second chances' for all adult citizens within the Nordic welfare state. One of the results of the analysis was the following question: Should we reinvent adult education again from the standpoint of sustainable development of 'ordinary people'?

  9. An analysis of 97 previously diagnosed de novo adult acute erythroid leukemia patients following the 2016 revision to World Health Organization classification. (United States)

    Qiu, Shaowei; Jiang, Erlie; Wei, Hui; Lin, Dong; Zhang, Guangji; Wei, Shuning; Zhou, Chunlin; Liu, Kaiqi; Wang, Ying; Liu, Bingcheng; Liu, Yuntao; Gong, Benfa; Gong, Xiaoyuan; Feng, Sizhou; Mi, Yingchang; Han, Mingzhe; Wang, Jianxiang


    The incidence of acute erythroid leukemia subtype (AEL) is rare, accounting for 5% of cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and the outcome is dismal. However, in 2016 revision to the WHO classification, the subcategory of AEL has been removed. Myeloblasts are redefined as the percentage of total marrow cells, not non-erythroid cells. Therefore, the previously diagnosed AEL cases are currently diagnosed as AML or myelodyspalstic syndrome (MDS) according to new criteria. We respectively reviewed cases of 97 de novo previously diagnosed AEL and all the patients were diagnosed as AML or MDS according to the new classification scheme, and then the clinical characteristics of these two subtypes were compared. Statistical analyses were performed by SPSS software version 18.0. The median age was 37 years-old, the two-thirds of previous AEL cases were diagnosed as MDS, and there was no obvious difference between two subtypes except for male/female ratio and age. Cytogenetic, rather than MDS/AML subtypes, can better represent the prognostic factor of previously diagnosed AEL patients. When the cytogenetic risk of patients belonged to MRC intermediate category and age were below 40 years-old in previous AEL cases, the patients who received induction chemotherapy without transplantation had a similar survival compared with the patients who underwent transplantation (3-year OS: 67.2% vs 68.5%). Cytogenetic, rather than MDS/AML subtypes, can better represent the prognostic factor of previously diagnosed AEL patients. Transplantation was a better choice for those whose cytogenetic category was unfavorable.

  10. Queering Sex Education: Young Adult Literature with LGBT Content as Complementary Sources of Sex and Sexuality Education (United States)

    Bittner, Robert


    This article explores the nature of young adult texts as complementary sources of informal queer sex and sexuality education, along with a close reading of a sample of this young adult (YA) literature. LGBT teens are often left out of discussions in sex education classrooms in the United States because of discriminatory curricula, ignorance on the…

  11. Intergenerational educational mobility is associated with cardiovascular disease risk behaviours in a cohort of young Australian adults: The Childhood Determinants of Adult Health (CDAH Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwyer Terence


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although educational disparity has been linked to single risk behaviours, it has not previously been studied as a predictor of overall lifestyle. We examined if current education, parental education or educational mobility between generations was associated with healthy lifestyles in young Australian adults. Methods In 2004-06, participant and parental education (high [bachelor degree or higher], intermediate [vocational training], low [secondary school only] were assessed. Educational mobility was defined as: stable high (participant and parent in high group, stable intermediate (participant and parent in intermediate group, stable low (participant and parent in low group, downwardly (lower group than parent and upwardly (higher group than parent mobile. We derived a lifestyle score from 10 healthy behaviours (BMI, non-smoking, alcohol consumption, leisure time physical activity and six components of diet. Scores >4 indicated a high healthy lifestyle score. We estimated the likelihood of having a high healthy lifestyle score by education (participant and parent and educational mobility. Results Complete data were available for 1973 participants (53% female, age range 26 to 36 years. Those with lower education were less likely to have healthy lifestyles. Parental education was not associated with having a high healthy lifestyle score after adjustment for participant's education. Those who moved upward or downward were as likely to have a high healthy lifestyle score as those in the group they attained. Conclusions We found clear disparities in health behaviour by participant education and intergenerational educational mobility. People attaining a higher level of education than their parents appeared protected from developing an unhealthy lifestyle suggesting that population-wide improvements in education may be important for health.

  12. Like a rolling stone: non-traditional spaces of adult education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Lucio-Villegas


    Full Text Available In this article, I try to explore the squeezing concept of adult education that provides a kind of identity to the field characterised by vagueness, diversity and the links to social justice. This diversity is also present when talking about the participants in the process. After presenting the concept of adult education, I explore three different experiences that I have referred to as non-traditional spaces of adult education. In the conclusion, I consider that the diversity, the production of knowledge, and the role of both teacher and learners are essential to define non-traditional spaces and non-traditional participants in adult education.

  13. Rethinking Social Justice and Adult Education for Welcoming, Inclusive Communities: Synthesis of Themes (United States)

    Lange, Elizabeth; Baillie Abidi, Catherine


    This chapter summarizes the key themes across the articles on transnational migration, social inclusion, and adult education, using Nancy Fraser's framework of redistributive, recognitive, and representational justice.

  14. Is there a link between previous exposure to sport injury psychology education and UK sport injury rehabilitation professionals' attitudes and behaviour towards sport psychology? (United States)

    Heaney, Caroline A; Rostron, Claire L; Walker, Natalie C; Green, Alison J K


    The use of sport psychology strategies during sport injury rehabilitation can lead to several positive outcomes such as improved adherence and self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to compare the sport psychology related attitudes and behaviours of UK sport injury rehabilitation professionals (SIRPs) who had studied the psychological aspects of sport injury to those who had not. Ninety-four SIRPs (54 physiotherapists and 40 sports therapists with a mean of 9.22 years' experience of working in sport) completed an online survey and were grouped according to their level of previous exposure to sport injury psychology education at an undergraduate/postgraduate level. Analyses were undertaken to establish whether there were any differences in sport psychology related attitude (MANOVA), usage (MANOVA), and referral behaviours (chi square) between the groups. The MANOVA and chi square tests conducted revealed that those who had studied the psychological aspects of sport injury reported using significantly more sport psychology in their practice and making more referrals to sport psychologists. It was concluded that sport injury psychology education appears to be effective in increasing the sport psychology related behaviours (use of sport psychology and referral) of SIRPs and should be integrated into professional training. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. A meta-analysis of adult-rated child personality and academic performance in primary education. (United States)

    Poropat, Arthur E


    Personality is reliably associated with academic performance, but personality measurement in primary education can be problematic. Young children find it difficult to accurately self-rate personality, and dominant models of adult personality may be inappropriate for children. This meta-analysis was conducted to determine the validity of the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality for statistically predicting children's academic performance. Literature search identified 12 reports, with cumulative sample sizes ranging from 4,382 (19 correlations) to 5,706 (23 correlations) for correlations with Emotional Stability and Conscientiousness respectively. Hunter-Schmidt random-effects meta-analysis was used, and moderators were tested using sample-weighted regression. When compared with self-rated measures, adult-rated Conscientiousness and Openness were more strongly correlated with academic performance, but adult-rated Agreeableness was less strongly correlated. Q-set-based assessments had lower validity, which appeared to explain moderating effects of rating source. Moderating effects were not found for age, year of education (grades 1-7), or language within which the study was conducted. Conscientiousness and Openness had two of the strongest correlations with academic performance yet reported, comparable with previous meta-analytic correlations of academic performance with instructional quality, cognitive ability, and feedback. The FFM appears to be valid for educational research with children. Openness, which has no counterpart in models of children's temperament, should be further researched with children. Future research should examine the measurement of childhood personality, its relationship with intelligence, the extent to which it is malleable in primary education, and its causal relationship with academic performance. © 2013 The British Psychological Society.

  16. Social, educational and vocational outcomes in patients with childhood-onset and young-adult-onset growth hormone deficiency. (United States)

    Mitra, M Tanya; Jönsson, Peter; Åkerblad, Ann-Charlotte; Clayton, Peter; Kołtowska-Häggström, Maria; Korbonits, Márta; Toogood, Andy; Gleeson, Helena


    Hypopituitarism diagnosed in childhood, adolescence and young adulthood has the potential to affect growth and somatic development. Less is known about the impact of such a diagnosis on other aspects of development. An analysis of the KIMS database (Pfizer International Metabolic Database) was performed to explore social, educational and vocational outcomes of adult patients diagnosed in childhood, adolescence and young adulthood compared with adult-onset controls. A total of 2952 adult patients diagnosed with hypothalamic pituitary conditions before the age of 25 were divided into two groups: childhood-onset [educational and vocational outcomes. Compared with the AO control group, CO and YAO patients were between 4·5 and 8·0 times more likely to live with their parents in adulthood; CO and YAO patients were also less likely to live in partnership and to have children. The impact on educational and vocational outcomes was less marked than on social outcomes with no significant differences compared with the AO control group. Educational and vocational outcomes showed the lowest level in male and female CO and YAO patients who had been previously diagnosed with a brain tumour. Social outcomes were more affected than educational and vocational outcomes. Although CO patients are more adversely affected, YAO patients were also failing to achieve social milestones. This has consequences for the delivery of endocrine care in both paediatric and adult services. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Prevalence of Obesity Among Adults, by Household Income and Education - United States, 2011-2014. (United States)

    Ogden, Cynthia L; Fakhouri, Tala H; Carroll, Margaret D; Hales, Craig M; Fryar, Cheryl D; Li, Xianfen; Freedman, David S


    Studies have suggested that obesity prevalence varies by income and educational level, although patterns might differ between high-income and low-income countries (1-3). Previous analyses of U.S. data have shown that the prevalence of obesity varied by income and education, but results were not consistent by sex and race/Hispanic origin (4). Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC analyzed obesity prevalence among adults (aged ≥20 years) by three levels of household income, based on percentage (≤130%, >130% to ≤350%, and >350%) of the federal poverty level (FPL) and individual education level (high school graduate or less, some college, and college graduate). During 2011-2014, the age-adjusted prevalence of obesity among adults was lower in the highest income group (31.2%) than the other groups (40.8% [>130% to ≤350%] and 39.0% [≤130%]). The age-adjusted prevalence of obesity among college graduates was lower (27.8%) than among those with some college (40.6%) and those who were high school graduates or less (40.0%). The patterns were not consistent across all sex and racial/Hispanic origin subgroups. Continued progress is needed to achieve the Healthy People 2020 targets of reducing age-adjusted obesity prevalence to <30.5% and reducing disparities (5).

  18. Popular Culture and Critical Media Literacy in Adult Education: Theory and Practice (United States)

    Tisdell, Elizabeth J.


    This chapter introduces the volume, provides an overview of the theory and literature on popular culture and critical media literacy in education, and discusses ways to use popular culture in adult education.

  19. Learning Cities for All: Directions to a New Adult Education and Learning Movement (United States)

    Scott, Leodis


    This chapter features a conceptual framework that considers the practical characteristics of learning cities, pointing to the field of adult and continuing education to lead a movement for the purposes of education, learning, and engagement for all.

  20. Adult Education for All. Minority and Indigenous Communities at CONFINTEA V (Hamburg, Germany, July 14-18, 1997). Seminar Report. (United States)

    Minority Rights Group, London (England).

    Ten themes were explored at the Fifth World Conference on Adult Education: (1) adult learning and democracy; (2) improving the conditions and quality of adult learning; (3) ensuring the universal right to literacy and basic education; (4) adult learning, gender equality and equity, and the empowerment of women; (5) adult learning and the changing…

  1. Revista interamericana de educacion de adultos, volumen 12, numero 1, 2 = International Review of Adult Education, Volume 12, Numbers 1 and 2. (United States)

    Benavides, Luis G., Ed.


    Two issues of this journal on adult education contain articles on the following: administration, adult education, and democracy; native cultural diversity, cultural differences, and education; a profile of a popular educator; institutionalization of adult education; rural education in Mexico; projects in adult education; the necessity of and…

  2. Adult and Lifelong Education for Poverty Reduction: A Critical Analysis of Contexts and Conditions (United States)

    Bhola, H. S.


    Poverty reduction is deeply implicated in structures of politics, economy, culture, and technology, from the global down to local levels. Irrespective of the particular political ideology of a nation and of the specific strategy of mobilization, adult and life-long education can and must play a significant role in reducing poverty, including preventing its inception. Yet the adult-education sector does not seem to be ready for this challenge. The present study argues that the re-education of adult educators is a dire necessity for effective poverty reduction. It also maintains that adult educators must be re-socialized in terms of their potential new roles as intellectual-activists. Only so can they work successfully towards introducing systems of adult and life-long education that are truly comprehensive and genuinely commensurate with the goals of poverty reduction.

  3. The Association between Education and Mortality for Adults with Intellectual Disability. (United States)

    Landes, Scott D


    Although the relationship between education and mortality is well documented in the general population, it has not been examined for adults with intellectual disability. Informed by fundamental cause theory, I explore the association between education and mortality in a sample of 4,241 adults with intellectual disability from the 1986-2009 National Health Interview Survey with Linked Mortality Files through 2011. Cox regression models were utilized to analyze the predictive effect of education on mortality risk while taking into account birth cohort differences. Increased education was associated with lower mortality risk for adults with intellectual disability, and this relationship strengthened in later birth cohorts who had greater access to the public education system. Comparison with a sample of 21,205 adults without intellectual disability demonstrates that the association between education and mortality risk was not as robust for adults with intellectual disability and highlights the ongoing socioeconomic challenges faced by this population.

  4. Evolution and Revolutions of Adult Learning: Capacity Building in Adult and Non-Formal Education in Nigeria (United States)

    Ugwu, Chinwe U.


    The National Commission for Mass Literacy, Adult and Non-Formal Education (NMEC) is the Federal Statutory Agency set up to co-ordinate all aspects of Non-Formal Education in Nigeria whether offered by government agencies or non-governmental organisations. This study looked at the existing Capacity Building Programme, the delivery methods, impact…


    International Central Inst. for Youth and Educational Television, Munich (West Germany).


  6. Surgical education and adult learning: Integrating theory into practice [version 1; referees: 3 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prem Rashid


    Full Text Available Surgical education continues to evolve from the master-apprentice model. Newer methods of the process need to be used to manage the dual challenges of educating while providing safe surgical care. This requires integrating adult learning concepts into delivery of practical training and education in busy clinical environments. A narrative review aimed at outlining and integrating adult learning and surgical education theory was undertaken. Additionally, this information was used to relate the practical delivery of surgical training and education in day-to-day surgical practice. Concepts were sourced from reference material. Additional material was found using a PubMed search of the words: ‘surgical education theory’ and ‘adult learning theory medical’. This yielded 1351 abstracts, of which 43 articles with a focus on key concepts in adult education theory were used. Key papers were used to formulate structure and additional cross-referenced papers were included where appropriate. Current concepts within adult learning have a lot to offer when considering how to better deliver surgical education and training. Better integration of adult learning theory can be fruitful. Individual teaching surgical units need to rethink their paradigms and consider how each individual can contribute to the education experience. Up skilling courses for trainers can do much to improve the delivery of surgical education. Understanding adult learning concepts and integrating these into day-to-day teaching can be valuable.

  7. Assessment of prior learning in adult vocational education and training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aarkrog, Vibe; Wahlgren, Bjarne


    Abstract The article deals about the results of a study of school-based assessment (APL) of adults who have enrolled as students in a VET college in order to qualify for occupations as skilled workers. Based on examples of VET teachers’ methods for assessing the students’ prior learning in the pr......Abstract The article deals about the results of a study of school-based assessment (APL) of adults who have enrolled as students in a VET college in order to qualify for occupations as skilled workers. Based on examples of VET teachers’ methods for assessing the students’ prior learning...... the assessment is based on a scholastic perception of the students’ needs for training, reflecting one of the most important challenges in APL: how can practical experience be transformed into credits for the knowledge parts of the programs? The study shows that by combining several APL methods and comparing...... the teachers’ assessments the teachers respond to the issues of validity and reliability. However, validity and reliability might be even further strengthened, if the competencies are well defined, if the education system is aware ofsecuring a reasonable balance between knowing how, knowing that, and knowing...

  8. Mental health and health-related quality of life among adult Latino primary care patients living in the United States with previous exposure to political violence. (United States)

    Eisenman, David P; Gelberg, Lillian; Liu, Honghu; Shapiro, Martin F


    Although political violence continues in parts of Central America, South America, and Mexico, little is known about its relationship to the health of Latino immigrants living in the United States. To determine (1) rates of exposure to political violence among Latino adult primary care patients who have immigrated to the United States from Central America, South America, and Mexico and its impact on mental health and health-related quality of life and (2) frequency of disclosure of political violence to primary care clinicians. Two-stage cluster design survey of a systematic sample of Latino immigrant adults in 3 community-based primary care clinics in Los Angeles, conducted from July 2001 to February 2002. Reports of exposure to political violence in home country before immigrating to the United States and communication with clinicians about political violence; self-reported measures of health-related quality of life using the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 (MOS SF-36); symptoms of depression, anxiety, and alcohol disorders using the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD); and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) using the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C). A total of 638 (69%) of 919 eligible patients participated. The nonresponse rates did not differ by age, sex, recruitment sites, or clinic sessions. In weighted analyses, 54% of participants reported political violence experiences in their home countries, including 8% who reported torture. Of those exposed to political violence, 36% had symptoms of depression and 18% had symptoms of PTSD vs 20% and 8%, respectively, among those not exposed to political violence. Controlling for age, sex, country, years lived in the United States, acculturation, income, health insurance status, and recruitment site in a subsample of 512 participants (56%), those who reported political violence exposure were more likely to meet symptom criteria for PTSD (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 3.4; 95

  9. The impact of Nordic adult education ideas on the development of a democratic society in Lithuania (United States)

    Teresevičienė, Margarita; Trepulė, Elena; Trečiokienė, Edita


    This article analyses the role of the cooperation with and the influence of the Nordic countries on the development of a democratic society in Lithuania through adult education since the reinstatement of its independence from Soviet regime in March 1990 to the present. The authors focus on three main areas: (1) the training of Lithuanian adult educators; (2) the establishment and development of NGOs; and (3) the implications for a Lithuanian policy of adult education. Within the framework of Nordic-Baltic cooperation established among five Nordic and three Baltic countries (NB8) in 1992, Lithuanian adult educators seized the opportunity to visit Scandinavian institutions and projects. Experiencing Nordic adult education ideas has resulted in a marked shift in Lithuanian adult educators' values, methodology and careers; and in the establishment of a series of very influential umbrella associations as well as hundreds of NGOs in Lithuania which work with adults and support functioning democratic values in society. This shift is related to the civic responsibility and active participation growing out of the bottom-up approaches of group work, cooperation, discussions and learning circles which are so inherent in the Nordic tradition of adult education. The internalisation of new democratic values was more complicated than expected for many Lithuanian politicians, adult educators and NGO leaders in terms of how political decisions were perceived and implemented. Furthermore, the influence of the Nordic-Baltic cooperation in adult education may also be traced in adult education policy implications in Lithuania. Some changes in the policies of contemporary Lithuania have not been successful and even failed to promote a democratic society.

  10. From Theory to Practice: A Quantitative Content Analysis of Adult Education's Language on Meaning Making (United States)

    Roessger, Kevin M.


    Translating theory to practice has been a historical concern of adult education. It remains unclear, though, if adult education's theoretical and epistemological focus on meaning making transcends the academy. A manifest content analysis was conducted to determine if the frequency of meaning making language differed between the field's U.S.…

  11. From Cultural Deprivation to Individual Deficits: A Genealogy of Deficiency in Inuit Adult Education (United States)

    McLean, Scott


    Adult education programs are often grounded in problematic assumptions about learners' inadequacies. The purpose of this article is to critique such assumptions through presenting a history of the manner in which representatives of Canadian governments conceptualized the education of Inuit adults from the 1940s through the 1980s. Using…

  12. Learning from the Past, Organizing for the Future: Adult and Community Education in Aotearoa New Zealand (United States)

    Bowl, Marion; Tobias, Robert


    This article analyses key events in the history of adult and community education in Aotearoa New Zealand. It draws on historical sources to examine the role of grassroots community activism and local and national networking in upholding a broad vision of adult and community-based education, in the face of a hostile policy climate. The authors…

  13. Adult Education, Social Change and Development in Post-Colonial Jamaica (United States)

    Barrett, Shermaine Ann Marie


    The purpose of this qualitative case study was to demonstrate how adult education enabled the process of economic and social change, and national development in Jamaica through a critical review of two cases of adult education provisions in Jamaica since the country gained independence in 1962. Content analysis of various documents from primary…

  14. Adult Continuing Education and Human Resource Development: Present Competitors, Potential Partners (United States)

    Smith, Douglas H.


    "Author's Note": In May 1989, this article was published in "Livelong Learning," the monthly practitioner journal of the American Association for Adult and Continuing Education (Vol. 12, No. 7, pp. 13-17). Now viewed as a period reference article, it presents the relationship of adult and continuing education (ACE) and…

  15. Tree Changes or Wholesale Changes: The Role of Adult Education in Transitions in Regional Life (United States)

    Townsend, Robert; Delves, Melinda


    Regional adult education and training providers have been required in recent decades to adapt to funding structures rather than engage with their local communities. This has meant providing education programs that are funded based on national or State and Territory based policy frameworks, often linked to human capital development. Adult education…

  16. In Defense of Norm Circles: A New Normative Foundation for Adult Education (United States)

    Plumb, Donovan


    According to Michael Welton, because of its capacity to support social learning, critical adult education has a pivotal role to play in human emancipation. Drawing on Jürgen Habermas's critical theory of communicative action, Welton argues that critical adult education's deepest contemporary purpose is to foster social learning that can enable…

  17. The Implications of A. H. Maslow's "Hierarchy of Needs" Theory for Adult Education. (United States)

    Warren, Earle Theodore

    The Maslow Hierarchy of Needs was reviewed and implications were sought for adult education theory, program planning and operation, promotional activities, and program evaluation. Maslow's work suggested self-actualization as an ultimate goal, meaning that adult education programs should be structured to foster both the acquisition of facts,…

  18. Contemporary Adult Education Philosophies and Practices in Art Galleries and Museums in Canada and the UK (United States)

    Clover, Darlene E.; Bell, Lorraine


    Public art galleries and museums have been mandated to become more relevant and useful to the lived experiences of the broad communities they claim to serve. Adult education has long been part of the work of these institutions, although historically the relationship has been uneasy, and they seldom feature in the adult education literature. To…

  19. Putting It Together. A Guide to Planning Units of Work in Adult Basic Education. (United States)

    Western Sydney Inst. of TAFE, Blacktown (Australia).

    This document is intended for teachers working with the core literacy and numeracy modules, constituting the Australian Technical and Further Education program, culminating in a Certification in Adult Foundation Education (CAFE). It contains 10 units of study supporting the literacy and numeracy needs of adult students working toward a CAFE. The…

  20. Participant Leadership in Adult Basic Education: Negotiating Academic Progress and Leadership Responsibilities (United States)

    Drayton, Brendaly; Prins, Esther


    This article examines the conflicts and challenges that student leaders in adult basic education and literacy programs experience in balancing their leadership responsibilities with academic endeavours. Based upon a case study of an adult basic education student leadership council in New York City, the article shows that leadership activities can…

  1. "La unión hace la fuerza": Community Organizing in Adult Education for Immigrants (United States)

    Carlock, Russell H., Jr.


    Adult English as a second language (ESL) educators have struggled to move beyond skills-based instruction to implement more student-centered, contextualized pedagogy that prepares students to become active citizens and to solve real-world problems, even as the growing number of immigrants make adult education increasingly important for determining…

  2. A Call for Methodological Plurality: Reconsidering Research Approaches in Adult Education (United States)

    Daley, Barbara J.; Martin, Larry G.; Roessger, Kevin M.


    Within this "Adult Education Quarterly" ("AEQ") forum, the authors call for a dialogue and examination of research methods in the field of adult and continuing education. Using the article by Boeren as a starting point, the authors analyze both qualitative and quantitative research trends and advocate for more methodological…

  3. The Roman Catholic Church and the Adult Education Movement: Historical Perspectives, Current Initiatives, and Future Projects. (United States)

    Ryan, Leo V.

    Part of a larger study entitled "The Church's Expanding Role in Adult Education," this paper is concerned with the Roman Catholic Church's efforts in the adult education movement. Divided into 3 parts, this background study begins with an historical review of the church's and church-related institutions' contributions to the adult…

  4. Four Members of the International Adult and Continuing Education Hall of Fame Reflect on Their Careers (United States)

    Sandmann, Lorilee R.; Miller, Gary E.


    Drawing on collective experience of over 200 years, four members of the International Adult and Continuing Education Hall of Fame were panelists in a session at the 2010 National Outreach Scholarship Conference. As the panelists reflected on careers in the field of adult and continuing education, four sustaining themes emerged: commitment,…

  5. Funneling toward Authenticity: A Response to "Intimacy and Ethical Behavior in Adult Education" (United States)

    Callahan, Jamie L.


    In his article, "Intimacy and Ethical Action in Adult Education," Donovan Plumb (2009) suggests a pathway for adult educators to achieve the type of world that Gunter (1996) envisions. Plumb argues that the personal qualities that enable people to have fulfilling (sexually) intimate relationships are also those that enable ethical action on the…

  6. The Development of an Audiovisual Instrument for Recruitment in Adult Education. (United States)

    Schufletowski, Charles Archie

    The purposes of this study were to: (1) develop an audiovisual instrument for recruitment in adult education; (2) establish guidelines for production of audiovisual media dealing with promotional programs; (3) establish a list of variables which are involved with the potential student of adult education; and (4) develop an instrument for product…

  7. Domestic Trauma and Adult Education on the United States-Mexico Border (United States)

    Muro, Andres; Mein, Erika


    While there are increasing efforts to address the problem of domestic violence and trauma in the justice, health care, and social service systems, the adult education system still lags behind. The inattention to this issue in adult education is particularly troubling because these programs often play a significant role in the lives of women who…

  8. Adult Education in Saudi Arabia: Development Plans in an Emerging Society. (United States)

    Hamidi, Abulrahman S.


    Describes adult education efforts in Saudi Arabia's national program to eliminate the country's high illiteracy rate. Includes discussions of literacy training on television and in institutions, new schools and practices, the importance of economic and social implications, need for skilled manpower, and other adult education problems and goals.…

  9. The Influence of Motivational Orientations on Academic Achievement among Working Adults in Continuing Education (United States)

    Lee, Pei-Ling; Pang, Vincent


    This paper reports on a study of five motivational orientations in continuing education among working adults. The influence of motivational orientations on their academic achievement was identified. The study involved 159 working adults who enrolled into part-time programs in an Open University in Sabah. Boshier's Education Participation Scale…

  10. Visions Unite through the Concept of Democracy: The School and the Popular Adult Education (United States)

    Johansson, Lotta; Bergstedt, Bosse


    With a point of departure in the concept of democracy, this article aims to show how Swedish Popular Adult Education influenced the content of the established school system in Sweden. The Popular Adult Education and established school systems are studied through their relation to democracy, based on curricula, as well as on visionary and political…

  11. The Unknown Story: Vocational Education for Adults in Sweden 1918-1968 (United States)

    Nilsson, Anders


    Adult education is often defined to emphasise cultural and societal development. This paper proposes that the concept should be more inclusive and that vocational education and training for adults has played a bigger role than is usually recognised. This has not been subject to much research and basic facts are often virtually unknown. In this…

  12. What's Going On? An Overview of Adult Education Policies in Spain (United States)

    Lucio-Villegas, Emilio


    In this paper, I attempt to present the state of adult education in Spain. Adult education in Spain is not unlike that of other countries in Europe in that it focuses on the policies and practices of lifelong learning rather than on the perspectives of people and communities. However, Spain has two specific characteristics that are distinctive…

  13. International Conference on Adult Education (5th, Hamburg, Germany, July 14-18, 1997). Final Report. (United States)

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Hamburg (Germany). Inst. for Education.

    This final report is a summary of a conference designed to show the importance of adult education for the next century, encourage worldwide commitment to the right of adults to education, and strengthen and expand international cooperation. Part I consists of the summary of the plenary discussions: introduction, speakers and opening speeches, and…

  14. Designing an educational strategy for increasing organ donor registration among older adults. (United States)

    Downing, Kimberly; Jones, Linda L


    Older adults (50-70 years of age) have lower organ donor registration rates than younger adults. Despite recent increases in organ donation registration of adults 18 to 49 years of age, the increase in older adult registrations is less. To use research results from surveys and focus groups to inform an educational strategy and design for the older adult population. Pooled survey data from 3 statewide random-digit dial telephone interview surveys of 6230 adults, including 2631 respondents age 50 or older, were used to identify barriers to organ donor registration and information needs of older adults compared with younger adults. Two focus groups with older adults were used to further identify barriers and to pilot test messages for an educational strategy for older adults. Surveys were conducted with adults in Ohio. Focus groups were conducted in 2 major cities in Ohio with older adults, 50 to 70 years of age. Survey results indicate that older adults and younger adults differ on several factors regarding their beliefs, attitudes, and behavior concerning organ donation. Although older adults express positive attitudes toward donation, they often "opt out" from registering to be organ donors for age and health reasons. Focus groups show similar barriers to organ donor registration and indicate that brochures are a preferred way to educate older adults about organ donation. Using research results to identify barriers and information needs of specific demographic groups is very important in designing a targeted educational strategy. An educational campaign addressing the concerns and information needs of this age group could increase organ donor registration.




  16. Promoting Food Safety Awareness for Older Adults by Using Online Education Modules (United States)

    Roy, Amber; Francis, Sarah L.; Shaw, Angela; Rajagopal, Lakshman


    Older adults are susceptible to and at greater risk for food-borne illness in comparison to those in other adult age groups. Online education is an underused method for the delivery of food safety information to this population. Three online mini-modules, based on social marketing theory (SMT), were created for and pilot-tested with older adults.…

  17. Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) Acquisita in an Adult Patient with Previously Unrecognized Mild Dystrophic EB and Biallelic COL7A1 Mutations. (United States)

    Guerra, Liliana; Giuseppe Condorelli, Angelo; Fortugno, Paola; Calabresi, Valentina; Pedicelli, Cristina; Di Zenzo, Giovanni; Castiglia, Daniele


    Circulating anti-type VII collagen autoantibodies are frequently detected in patients with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB). However, evidence supporting their pathogenic role in inducing epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) has been provided for only one individual with dominant dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DDEB). We describe here a patient who presented with dystrophic toenails since early childhood and developed trauma-induced skin blisters and oral erosions at age 26 years. Direct immunofluorescence showed IgG deposits with a u-serrated pattern along the cutaneous basement membrane zone, while no change in the expression of collagen VII could be detected by antigen mapping. High-titre anti-collagen VII antibodies were detected by enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA). In parallel, sequencing of epidermolysis bullosa (EB) genes identified compound heterozygous COL7A1 missense c.410G>A (p.Arg137Gln) and splicing c.3674C>T (p.Ala1225_Gln1241del) mutations, previously unrecognized in dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB). Thus, our patient had RDEB "nails-only" and developed mechanobullous EBA in adulthood. These data support a pathogenic role of circulating autoantibodies to collagen VII in inducing EBA in selected patients with DEB. Unforeseen worsening of skin symptoms in DEB should prompt laboratory investigations for EBA.

  18. Polygenic scores associated with educational attainment in adults predict educational achievement and ADHD symptoms in children. (United States)

    de Zeeuw, Eveline L; van Beijsterveldt, Catharina E M; Glasner, Tina J; Bartels, M; Ehli, Erik A; Davies, Gareth E; Hudziak, James J; Rietveld, Cornelius A; Groen-Blokhuis, Maria M; Hottenga, Jouke Jan; de Geus, Eco J C; Boomsma, Dorret I


    The American Psychiatric Association estimates that 3 to 7 per cent of all school aged children are diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Even after correcting for general cognitive ability, numerous studies report a negative association between ADHD and educational achievement. With polygenic scores we examined whether genetic variants that have a positive influence on educational attainment have a protective effect against ADHD. The effect sizes from a large GWA meta-analysis of educational attainment in adults were used to calculate polygenic scores in an independent sample of 12-year-old children from the Netherlands Twin Register. Linear mixed models showed that the polygenic scores significantly predicted educational achievement, school performance, ADHD symptoms and attention problems in children. These results confirm the genetic overlap between ADHD and educational achievement, indicating that one way to gain insight into genetic variants responsible for variation in ADHD is to include data on educational achievement, which are available at a larger scale. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Research Notes ~ Role of Delivery, Course Design and Teacher-Student Interaction: Observations of Adult Distance Education and Traditional On-Campus Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Om Kumar Harsh


    Full Text Available This paper provides readers with an observation of an adult distance education programme, which took place in Malaysia. These observations are presented in terms of: study mode, course design, and interaction between three distinct student groups, and their teachers. Other factors that influence adult distance learning melded with traditional classroom settings were also observed. These factors included the demographics of distance learning students, type and nature of student-to-student and teacher-to-student interaction, students’ employment, prior employment, and the subject studied. Our observation suggest that appropriate distance education design, coupled with hybrid opportunities for interaction among students engaged in distance and traditional on-campus modalities, optimise the learning experience of students engaged in both types of learning. Our observations also indicate that factors such as Web-based course design, students’ previous technical competencies and employment history, must also be taken into consideration, when designing and delivering distance education programmes of study. The authors conclude from their observations that further research is needed in terms of proper distance education course design that address environmental factors such as students’ employment history, previous educational experiences, and comfort levels using information and communications technology.

  20. Effect of long-term GH replacement therapy on cardiovascular outcomes in GH-deficient patients previously treated for acromegaly: a sub-analysis from the Dutch National Registry of Growth Hormone Treatment in Adults. (United States)

    van Bunderen, Christa C; van Varsseveld, Nadège C; Heymans, Martijn W; Franken, Anton A M; Koppeschaar, Hans P F; van der Lely, Aart J; Drent, Madeleine L


    The effect of GH deficiency (GHD) on the metabolic profile of acromegaly patients is unclear in patients previously treated for acromegaly, as are the efficacy and safety of GH treatment in this particular group. The aim of the study is to describe the characteristics of patients with severe GHD who were previously treated for acromegaly, and to investigate the effects of long-term GH treatment on cardiovascular risk factors and morbidity, compared with patients who were treated for a nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA). A nationwide surveillance study. Sixty-five patients from the Dutch National Registry of Growth Hormone Treatment in Adults with previous acromegaly were compared with 778 patients with previous NFPA. Cardiovascular indices, including body composition, lipid profile, glucose metabolism, blood pressure, and morbidity were investigated. GHD patients with previous acromegaly had an unfavorable metabolic profile comparable with or more than GHD patients with previous NFPA. GH treatment led to improvement of the lipid profile in both groups, also after excluding patients using lipid-lowering medication. In patients with previous acromegaly, HbA1c levels increased more than in patients with previous NFPA (estimate 0.03, 95% CI 0.002-0.06, P=0.04). The risk for developing cardiovascular diseases was not different between the groups. The patients with GHD after previous acromegaly have an unfavorable metabolic profile comparable with patients with GHD after previous NFPA. In both groups, the lipid profile improves during GH treatment. Changes in glucose metabolism should be monitored closely. GH treatment in patients with GHD previously treated for acromegaly had no deleterious effect on cardiovascular morbidity. © 2014 European Society of Endocrinology.

  1. Educational achievement and economic self-sufficiency in adults after childhood bacterial meningitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roed-Petersen, Casper; Omland, Lars Haukali; Skinhoj, Peter


    To our knowledge, no previous study has examined functioning in adult life among persons who had bacterial meningitis in childhood.......To our knowledge, no previous study has examined functioning in adult life among persons who had bacterial meningitis in childhood....

  2. The Vocational Turn in Adult Literacy Education and the Impact of the International Adult Literacy Survey (United States)

    Druine, Nathalie; Wildemeersch, Danny


    The authors critically examine some of the underlying epistemological and theoretical assumptions of the IALS. In doing so, they distinguish among two basic orientations towards literacy. First, the standard approach (of which IALS is an example) subscribes to the possibility of measuring literacy as abstract, cognitive skills, and endorses the claim that there is an important relationship between literacy skills and economic success in the so-called 'knowledge society.' The second, called a socio-cultural approach, insists on the contextual and power-related character of people's literacy practices. The authors further illustrate that the assumptions of the IALS are rooted in a neo-liberal ideology that forces all members of society to adjust to the exigencies of the globalised economy. In the current, contingent conditions of the risk society, however, it does not seem very wise to limit the learning of adults to enhancing labour-market competencies. Adult education should relate to the concrete literacy practices people already have in their lives. It should make its learners co-responsible actors of their own learning process and participants in a democratic debate on defining the kind of society people want to build.

  3. Adult Education and Lifelong Learning in Europe and Beyond: Comparative Perspectives from the 2015 Würzburg Winter School. Studies in Pedagogy, Andragogy, and Gerontagogy. Volume 67 (United States)

    Egetenmeyer, Regina, Ed.


    This volume presents comparisons of adult education and lifelong learning with a focus on educational policies, professionalization in adult education, participation in adult learning and education, quality in adult education, and educational guidance and counselling. The essays are based on comparisons discussed at the international Winter School…

  4. 75 FR 5303 - Tests Determined To Be Suitable for Use in the National Reporting System for Adult Education (NRS) (United States)


    ... DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Tests Determined To Be Suitable for Use in the National Reporting System for Adult Education (NRS) AGENCY: Office of Vocational and Adult Education, Department of Education.... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mike Dean, U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, SW...

  5. The influence of the Complexity of Attachment in Adult & Higher Education Learning


    Kenny, Michael; Fleming, Ted


    The attachment theory of John Bowlby has had an enduring impact on our understanding of child development. But these ideas are a neglected and forgotten discourse in the education of adults. In this paper secure and insecure attachments, internal attachment models, and the impact of attachment for adult higher education learning are explored. This paper seeks to contextualise the complexity that attachment experience adds to the teaching/learning mix and suggests how facilitators of education...

  6. E-learning as a Model of Lifelong Education for Older Adults


    Bekisheva, Tatiana Gennadievna; Kovalenko, Natalya Aleksandrovna; Gasparyan, Gayane Aramaisovna


    The article deals with the specific information about main resources of E-learning education for older adults. Programs and policies that encourage lifelong educational resources and practices by older persons are needed. These included education level; self-study in the form of reading manuals, reference books and journals; computer/Internet use, use of the library; leisure reading of books; reading letters, notes and e-mails. Ways of application of Information Technology in older adults tea...

  7. The Belem Framework for Action: Harnessing the Power and Potential of Adult Learning and Education for a Viable Future (United States)

    Adult Learning, 2012


    This article presents the Belem Framework for Action. This framework focuses on harnessing the power and potential of adult learning and education for a viable future. This framework begins with a preamble on adult education and towards lifelong learning.

  8. Development and Evaluation of a Computerized Multimedia Approach to Educate Older Adults about Safe Medication


    Choongjae Im, PhD; Myonghwa Park, PhD, RN


    Purpose: Interactive multimedia education using computer technology is increasing in the area of health education. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of interactive multimedia education on community dwelling older adults' self-efficacy and knowledge for medication and level of satisfaction with the education program. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest and post-test design was used in this study. The multimedia education was designed to enhance safe medication ...

  9. Self‑ear‑cleaning among educated young adults in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adedayo Olugbenga Olaosun


    Full Text Available Context: Self-ear-cleaning has been reported to be common from several hospital-based studies and it has been associated with some diseases of the ear. Aims: To determine community-based prevalence of self-ear-cleaning and its sociodemographic correlates among educated young adults in Nigeria. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional survey conducted in a National Youth Service Corps camp in Nigeria. Subjects and Methods: Semistructured questionnaires were administered on a randomly selected sample of 1280 respondents. The outcome variable was self-ear-cleaning. Independent variables were sociodemographic variables, materials used and ear-cleaning habits. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS version 15 was utilized for univariate, bivariate, and multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: There were 1012 respondents (M: F = 1.05:1. Mean age was 25.3 (standard deviation, 2.34. Prevalence of self-ear-cleaning was 93.4%. Mean age at first cleaning was 7.6 years. Cotton buds were the most frequently used objects (in 85.1%. Prevalence was high irrespective of sociodemographic class, significantly higher among females (c 2 = 4.549, P = 0.033, those who believed the habit was beneficial (c 2 = 114.185, P < 0.001 and those whose parents and siblings practiced the habit. Significant predictive factors were self-ear-cleaning in respondent′s father [odds ratio (OR P = 0.011 and owning cotton buds (OR = 0.192, P = 0.007. Conclusions: Self-ear-cleaning is almost universal. Most of the population is, therefore, at risk of possible harmful effects. Also, medical advice against self-ear-cleaning is not widely known. Rather, the erroneous perception that self-ear-cleaning is beneficial is common. Collaborative health education efforts targeted at families and schools and campaigns and advocacy for legislation regulating the sale of cotton buds are recommended.

  10. Professionalisation in General Adult Education in Germany--An Attempt to Cut a Path through a Jungle (United States)

    Dausien, Bettina; Schwendowius, Dorothee


    The article summarizes the findings of a study on adult learning professions in Europe (ALPINE) commissioned by DG Education and Culture. It explores the current professional and social situation of staff in non-vocational adult education in Germany. It describes the structures and organisations of general adult education in Germany and…

  11. Development of the SIT, an Instrument to Evaluate the Transfer Effects of Adult Education Programs for Social Inclusion (United States)

    de Greef, Maurice; Segers, Mien; Verte, Dominique


    To date, hardly any evidence is available on the quality of adult education programs for vulnerable adults. Evaluation instruments or models mostly focussed on regular education and less on programs of adult education aiming to enhance social inclusion. This study presents a first exploration of the construct validity of a newly developed…

  12. Adult education about atomic energy, 1945-1948, as a case study in science for society

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wakeley, L.D.


    The sudden existence of atomic energy presented five challenges to science education for the adult public: (1) inform adults that atomic energy existed; (2) teach them its scientific basis, and potential peacetime uses; (3) correct mistaken impressions from erroneous media coverage; (4) promote civic literacy and participation in decision making; and (5) inform voters about pending atomic energy legislation. Newspapers, magazines, radio, and newsreels were the major sources of informal adult education, together reaching 93% of adults. But these informational media lacked educational structure, and failed to meet the citizenship needs of adults. During that pre-television era, discussion groups were a common form of social gathering and nonformal education. Books and pamphlets for these groups were essential to a system of adult science education. They provided data for the open exchange of opinions that is essential to the process of adult education. The League of Women Voters of the United States established a network of discussion groups nationwide, providing printed materials for all five purposes. These programs enjoyed mixed success, providing at least local pockets of public enlightenment. By 1948, the Atomic Energy Commission was facilitating public education, especially in private industry and the business sector

  13. Adult Education as a Human Right: The Latin American Context and the Ecopedagogic Perspective (United States)

    Gadotti, Moacir


    This article presents the concept and practice of adult education as a key issue for Brazil and other Latin American countries, both for formal and non-formal education in the public and private sectors. It includes citizen education focused on democratisation of society and sustainable development. The concept is pluralist and ideological as well…

  14. Evaluating the role of Adult Basic Education and Training (ABET), in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The reasons why it is not flourishing in the corporate sector are investigated, as are the integration of education and training in Adult Basic Education. The opinion is expressed in this article that the success of ABET programmes or their failure to bridge the divide between education and training will determine how ABET is ...

  15. Longitudinal Patterns of Employment and Postsecondary Education for Adults with Autism and Average-Range IQ (United States)

    Taylor, Julie Lounds; Henninger, Natalie A.; Mailick, Marsha R.


    This study examined correlates of participation in postsecondary education and employment over 12?years for 73 adults with autism spectrum disorders and average-range IQ whose families were part of a larger, longitudinal study. Correlates included demographic (sex, maternal education, paternal education), behavioral (activities of daily living,…

  16. "In and against the Museum": The Contested Spaces of Museum Education for Adults (United States)

    Grek, Sotiria


    This paper focuses on museum and gallery education for adults in Dundee, Scotland. Dundee has recently experienced a shift from being mainly working class to an educational, cultural and tourist centre. Hence, an interesting field for the examination of the educational policies and practices of the city museums/galleries and the different fashions…

  17. Mindfulness, Adult Learning and Therapeutic Education: Integrating the Cognitive and Affective Domains of Learning (United States)

    Hyland, Terry


    Although it has been given qualified approval by a number of philosophers of education, the so-called "therapeutic turn" in education has been the subject of criticism by several commentators on post-compulsory and adult learning over the last few years. A key feature of this alleged development in recent educational policy is said to be the…

  18. Revista Interamericana de Educacion de Adultos, 2001 (Interamerican Journal of Adult Education, 2001). (United States)

    Guerra, Alfonso Rangel, Ed.


    Articles in this volume, written in Spanish, focus on the following: high school education in rural areas; adult and popular education in the 90s; systemizing educational processes in rural communities based on a restoration of their cultural heritage (case Tzintzuntzan, Michoacan); fostering sustainable communities; human rights and human…

  19. Investment in Second-Chance Education for Adults and Income Development in Sweden (United States)

    Nordlund, Madelene; Stehlik, Tom; Strandh, Mattias


    This article investigates the relation between the second chance of increase in formal education amongst low-educated adults in Sweden and long-term wage development. Despite the awareness of the role of education for employability and individuals' overall life chances, surprisingly few studies have investigated the wage effects of Second-Chance…

  20. Chronotype, sleep quality and sleep duration in adult distance education: Not related to study progress

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gijselaers, Jérôme; Kirschner, Paul A.; De Groot, Renate


    Research in traditional education shows chronotype, sleep duration and sleep quality to be related to learning performance. Research in adult students participating in distance education (DE) is scarce. This study aims to provide knowledge on these relationships in this educational setting. In an

  1. "Media Mediators": Advocating an Alternate Paradigm for Critical Adult Education ICT Policy (United States)

    Remtulla, Karim A.


    This article explores the efficacy of current education program approaches to prepare instructors to achieve critical thinking and active learning from their students by integrating ICTs with traditional adult education practices. An argument is put forward that the increasing presence and influence of ICTs in education necessitates a paradigmatic…

  2. Assessment of Prior Learning in Adult Vocational Education and Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vibe Aarkrog


    Full Text Available The article deals about the results of a study of school-based Assessment of Prior Learning of adults who have enrolled as students in a VET college in order to qualify for occupations as skilled workers. Based on examples of VET teachers’ methods for assessing the students’ prior learning in the programs for gastronomes, respectively child care assistants the article discusses two issues in relation to Assessment of Prior Learing: the encounter of practical experience and school-based knowledge and the validity and reliability of the assessment procedures. Through focusing on the students’ knowing that and knowing why the assessment is based on a scholastic perception of the students’ needs for training, reflecting one of the most important challenges in Assessment of Prior Learning: how can practical experience be transformed into credits for the knowledge parts of the programs? The study shows that by combining several Assessment of Prior Learning methods and comparing the teachers’ assessments the teachers respond to the issues of validity and reliability. However, validity and reliability might be even further strengthened, if the competencies are well defined, if the education system is aware of securing a reasonable balance between knowing how, knowing that, and knowing why, and if the teachers are adequately trained for the assessment procedures.

  3. Education for the elderly coping with learning in adult years (United States)

    Oyedeji, Lekan


    Concern over short life expectancy in developing societies (such as in Nigeria), the generally poor economic plight of the elderly, and the ignorance and hardship being experienced by aging adults prompted an investigation into the determinants of longevity in 1984, with a view to seeking ways of increasing life span through the provision of appropriate education for the elderly. Since 1984 332 elders of 65 years and above in Nigeria have thus been interviewed. A study of 458 retired persons in Lagos State by a doctoral student was used to support the investigation. Observation of the responses shows that longevity is determined by several factors and combinations of factors ranging over closeness to and faith in God, heredity, modest living, moderation in everything, contentment and so on. The investigation also showed that most of the illiterate elders are poor and are going through the aging process in discomfort while the literate ones are experiencing aging gracefully. It was also found that most retirees were ill prepared for retirement and are maladjusting in post-retirement life.

  4. Review of Indigenous Teacher Training Using Community-Based Adult Education: Implications for Technology and Outsider Educators (United States)

    Saunders, Anne


    Worldwide there are critical shortfalls of teachers, particularly in Indigenous communities. This article considers the use of nonformal education (NFE) in the form of community-based adult education (CBAE) for Indigenous teacher training to meet this need. Drawing on a literature search of Indigenous CBAE initiatives, some of the challenges and…

  5. Use of ICT in Distance Education at Hanyang Cyber University: Possible Best Practices for the Institute of Adult Education (United States)

    Mariki, Belingtone Eliringia


    This study was carried out at Hanyang Cyber University (HYCU) in the Republic of Korea. The main purpose of this study was to explore Hanyang Cyber University's experience in the use of ICT in Distance Education (DE) so as to learn best practices that can be adapted by the Institute of Adult Education (IAE) in Tanzania. Specifically, the study…

  6. Self-Study as an Emergent Methodology in Career and Technical Education, Adult Education and Technology: An Invitation to Inquiry (United States)

    Hawley, Todd S.; Hostetler, Andrew L.


    In this manuscript, the authors explore self-study as an emerging research methodology with the potential to open up spaces of inquiry for researchers, graduate students, and teachers in a broad array of fields. They argue that the fields of career and technical education (CTE), adult education and technology can leverage self-study methodology in…


    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    PREVIOUS SECOND TRIMESTER ABORTION: A risk factor for third trimester uterine rupture in three ... for accurate diagnosis of uterine rupture. KEY WORDS: Induced second trimester abortion - Previous uterine surgery - Uterine rupture. ..... scarred uterus during second trimester misoprostol- induced labour for a missed ...

  8. Educational achievement and economic self-sufficiency in adults after childhood bacterial meningitis. (United States)

    Roed, Casper; Omland, Lars Haukali; Skinhoj, Peter; Rothman, Kenneth J; Sorensen, Henrik Toft; Obel, Niels


    To our knowledge, no previous study has examined functioning in adult life among persons who had bacterial meningitis in childhood. To study educational achievement and economic self-sufficiency in adults diagnosed as having bacterial meningitis in childhood. Nationwide population-based cohort study using national registries of Danish-born children diagnosed as having meningococcal, pneumococcal, or Haemophilus influenzae meningitis in the period 1977-2007 (n=2784 patients). Comparison cohorts from the same population individually matched on age and sex were identified, as were siblings of all study participants. End of study period was 2010. Cumulative incidences of completed vocational education, high school education, higher education, time to first full year of economic self-sufficiency, and receipt of disability pension and differences in these outcomes at age 35 years among meningitis patients, comparison cohorts, and siblings. By age 35 years, among persons who had a history of childhood meningococcal (n=1338), pneumococcal (n=455), and H. influenzae (n=991) meningitis, an estimated 11.0% (41.5% vs 52.5%; 95% CI, 7.3%-14.7%), 10.2% (42.6% vs 52.8%; 95% CI, 3.8%-16.6%), and 5.5% (47.7% vs 53.2%; 95% CI, 1.9%-9.1%) fewer persons, respectively, had completed high school and 7.9% (29.3% vs 37.2%; 95% CI, 1.6%-14.2%), 8.9% (28.1% vs 37.0%; 95% CI, 0.6%-17.2%), and 6.5% (33.5% vs 40.0%; 95% CI, 1.4%-11.6%) fewer had attained a higher education compared with individuals from the comparison cohort. Siblings of meningococcal meningitis patients also had lower educational achievements, while educational achievements of siblings of pneumococcal and H. influenzae meningitis patients did not differ substantially from those in the general population. At end of follow-up, 3.8% (90.3% vs 94.1%; 95% CI, 1.1%-6.5%), 10.6% (84.0% vs 94.6%; 95% CI, 5.1%-16.1%), and 4.3% (90.6% vs 94.9%; 95% CI, 2.0%-6.6%) fewer meningococcal, pneumococcal, and H. influenzae meningitis patients

  9. The Adult Learning Open University Determinants (ALOUD) Study: Biological and Psychological Factors Associated with Learning Performance in Adult Distance Education (United States)

    Neroni, Joyce; Gijselaers, Hieronymus J. M.; Kirschner, Paul A.; Groot, Renate H. M.


    Learning is crucial for everyone. The association between biological (eg, sleep, nutrition) and psychological factors (eg, test anxiety, goal orientation) and learning performance has been well established for children, adolescents and college students in traditional education. Evidence for these associations for adult distance students is lacking…

  10. Differences in Selection Criteria among Traditional Students, Adult Continuing Education Students and Graduate Students (United States)

    Schimmel, Kurt; Eschenfelder, Mark; Clark, John; Marco, Gayle; Racic, Stanko


    This paper examines college selection cues and criteria differences among three important segments of students. These segments were traditional undergraduate students, adult continuing education students and graduate students. There were significant differences among the a-priori defined segments.

  11. 34 CFR 460.4 - What definitions apply to the adult education programs? (United States)


    ... for adult education programs are defined in 34 CFR 77.1: Applicant Application Award Budget Budget... (including welfare hotels, congregate shelters, and transitional housing for the mentally ill); (ii) An...

  12. Part Three: Where Should Leaders in Adult and Continuing Education Come from? (United States)

    Jarvis, Peter; Griffith, William S.


    Jarvis believes that the diversity of perspectives and understanding of leaders from other disciplines enriches adult/continuing education. Griffith argues that the leadership of outsiders perpetuates dependence on the clientele, media, and content of other disciplines. (SK)

  13. L'Ordine Nuovo: The Legacy of Antonio Gramsci and the Education of Adults. (United States)

    Armstrong, Paul F.


    The author presents a biography of Antonio Gramsci and discusses the influence of Karl Marx on Gramsci's key ideas concerning mode of production, superstructure, hegemony, consciousness, praxis, and intellectuals. Gramsci's emphasis on adult education for socialism is discussed. (CH)

  14. The Affinities of Lenin and Gramsci: Implications for Radical Adult Education Theory and Practice. (United States)

    Holst, John D.


    Clarifies the relationship of Antonio Gramsci to Leninism and his insistence on this form of socialism for political work with the working class. Discusses the relevance of these ideas for radical adult education. (SK)


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delaine Gibeli Viana


    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION. In this study we propose to introduce a new perception of higher education of adults in the ODL mode, based on Andragogy, highlighting methods and didactics for Higher Education considering learning. Thus, Andragogy is the science that aims to facilitate adult learning and whose basic principles prior experience and self-concept, readiness and especially the motivation of learners. Then, highlight their differences regarding pedagogy and highlight the need to review the training of teachers, especially those who want to devote themselves to the education of adults in distance education. OBJECTIVE: To review methods and teaching relevant to the mode of adult learning and highlight how this science can contribute to successful learning in distance education. METHODOLOGY: This is a review of the literature analytically and documentary, qualitative. RESULTS: can infer that the Andragogy, is already embedded in the academic context need but an expansion, and their inclusion in teacher training courses. Because of the complexity and the limits of his understanding, this study represents an initial effort to address the issue and present possible alternatives to the current debate, without pretending to exhaust the subject. FINAL CONSIDERATION: it is noteworthy that the choice of this topic was motivated by the observation of the authors, rather than the pedagogical practice of distance education,inferring significant value for understanding, interpretation and applicability in higher education, with a view of adult learning in distance education.

  16. Formal education, previous interaction and perception influence the attitudes of people toward the conservation of snakes in a large urban center of northeastern Brazil


    Pinheiro, Luan Tavares; Rodrigues, Jo?o Fabr?cio Mota; Borges-Nojosa, Diva Maria


    Background The attitudes and perceptions of people toward animals are influenced by sociodemographic factors, such as formal education and gender, and by personal experience. Understanding these interactions is critical for the establishment of conservation strategies for animals that have conflictual relationships with humans, such as snakes. Our study aims to explain how perceptions and the human fear of snakes vary and are influenced by formal education and gender. In addition, it aims to ...

  17. The impact of welfare state regimes on barriers to participation in adult education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rubenson, Kjell; Desjardins, Richard


    Quantitative and qualitative findings on barriers to participation in adult education are reviewed and some of the defining parameters that may explain observed national differences are considered. A theoretical perspective based on bounded agency is put forth to take account of the interaction b...... targeted policy measures that are aimed at overcoming both structurally and individually based barriers. Features of the Nordic model of adult education and empirical results from the 2003 Eurobarometer are discussed in relation to this theoretical perspective....

  18. Education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Valk, H.; Crul, M.; Crul, M.; Heering, L.


    Education is of crucial importance in the lives of young adults. Attending school is not only a major part of everyday life, but education is a decisive factor for the future. In literature, educational attainment has been tied to a host of outcomes in adult life. Education is perceived as the key

  19. Experimenting with Theory of Change for Interculturality and Mutual Learning in Adult Education (United States)

    Raymer, Annalisa L.


    With a goal of creating conditions wherein college students of adult learning paired with international adult learners form mutual partnerships for educational mentoring, where to begin? How to take into account the contextual factors and priorities of multiple stakeholders in creating academic courses and learning-focused partnerships while…

  20. Forecast for 1971 - Implementing Consumer Education for Adults in Your Community. (United States)

    Phillips, Betty; Royer, Maxine

    A ten week adult education class in Family Money Management was conducted in the local high school facilities by two high school teachers utilizing outside resource personnel. The objectives of the program were: (1) to develop an awareness of the financial problems and decisions to the family value system; (2) to enable interested adults to gain…

  1. Education, Employment, and Independent Living of Young Adults Who Are Deaf and Hard of Hearing (United States)

    Appelman, Karen I.; Callahan, Judy Ottren; Mayer, Margaret H.; Luetke, Barbara S.; Stryker, Deborah S.


    Little information is available on the education, employment, and independent living status of young deaf and hard of hearing adults who have transitioned from high school. The present article reports post-secondary outcomes of 46 young adults who had attended for at least 4 years a non-public agency school in the northwestern United States…

  2. Teacher Involvement in Adult Marketing Education: Impeding Factors and Enhancing Strategies. (United States)

    Price, William T., Jr.


    Using the nominal group technique, 60 of the 323 high school marketing teachers in Virginia identified major factors impeding their involvement in adult marketing education as lack of time and demands of the job. Insufficient compensation for working with adults and lack of administrator support also inhibited teacher involvement in adult…

  3. Student Outcomes: Investigating Competency-Based Curriculum in Adult Basic Education. Research Report No. 5. (United States)

    Hazell, Pat

    The outcomes attained by Australian adults enrolled in competency-based Certificate in Adult Foundation Education (CAFE) courses were examined. Special attention was paid to the outcomes achieved by students in the two lowest of the CAFE program's four levels. The main data sources were as follows: literature review; enrollment data from the…

  4. Adult Basic Education and Health Literacy: Program Efforts and Perceived Student Needs (United States)

    Mackert, Michael; Poag, Meg


    Objective: This project examined health literacy efforts among adult basic education providers in Central Texas. Methods: A survey was conducted with all adult literacy providers in Central Texas (N = 58). Results: Most programs provide health-related information. Literacy programs see needs for helping students communicate with doctors, filling…

  5. Foster Care Experiences and Educational Outcomes of Young Adults Formerly Placed in Foster Care (United States)

    Havalchak, Anne; White, Catherine Roller; O'Brien, Kirk; Pecora, Peter J.; Sepulveda, Martin


    This study contributes to the body of research on the educational outcomes of young adults who were formerly placed in foster care. Telephone interviews were conducted with 359 young adults (a 54.6% response rate). Participants must have been served for at least one year by one private foster care agency in one of its twenty-two offices. Results…

  6. Opportunity structures for adult educators to acquire (pedagogical) qualifications in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella


    of adult educators. In spite of a range of opportunities to acquire basic and specialized pedagogical qualifications in teaching adults, the depth of qualified knowledge and skills provided vary substantially. The author's main argument is that it is thus not yet possible to speak of tailored-made pathways...

  7. A Future for Adult Lifelong Education in Aotearoa New Zealand: Neoliberal or Cosmopolitan? (United States)

    Zepke, Nick


    This paper sets out to answer two questions "Given the policy settings for lifelong learning for adults in Europe and much of the western world, what are the policy settings and experiences in Aotearoa New Zealand?" and "Will the future of adult lifelong education there be neoliberal or cosmopolitan?" The article first examines…

  8. Motivational Factors in Continuing Education an Academic Achievement of Adult Learners (United States)

    Lee, Pei Ling; Pang, Vincent


    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between motivational factors in continuing education and academic achievement of adult learners. The study is conducted due to a lack of research pertaining to academic achievement among adult learners particularly in Malaysia. Methodology: A random sample of 150 part-time adult…

  9. Creating Teacher Capacity in Early Childhood Education and Care Institutions Implementing an Authoritative Adult Style (United States)

    Omdal, Heidi


    The being together intervention intends to raise teacher capacity in Norwegian Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) institutions and promote social and emotional development in preschoolers by implementing an authoritative (warm and predictable) adult style in the institution. An authoritative adult balances between building up high quality…

  10. Adult Learners' Satisfaction and Its Relation to Characteristics of the Individual and the Educational Institution (United States)

    Boeren, Ellen; Nicaise, Ides; Baert, Herman


    This article explores satisfactory learning experiences of adult learners in Flemish formal adult education. Satisfaction is an important issue in motivational psychology. We used the Comprehensive Lifelong Learning Participation Model of Boeren, Nicaise and Baert and explored whether satisfactory experiences relate to characteristics of the…

  11. Increasing Participation of Adults in Higher Education: Factors for Successful Policies (United States)

    Broek, Simon; Hake, Barry J.


    This article contains an analysis of policies aimed at increasing the participation of adults in higher education (HE) in seven countries (NL, DK, SE, UK, BE Flanders, DE and the state of California in the USA). In order to maintain their economic competitiveness, many countries have developed policies to increase the participation of adults in…

  12. Educator Perceptions of Visual Support Systems and Social Skills for Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (United States)

    Miller, David James


    Young adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) face unique social skills challenges as they transition into independent living environments and seek fulfilling relationships within their communities. Research has focused on social education and interventions for children with autism, while transitioning young adults with ASD have received…

  13. Obrazovanie Vzroslykh pri Probleme Dosuga (Adult Education and the Problem of Leisure) (United States)

    Darinskii, Anatolii V.


    Adult education in the Soviet Union must find flexible new methods, preferably including tourism or other elements of recreation, to raise adults' cultural standards and intellectualize their free time while helping them improve their work qualifications and professional skills. (Author/LY)

  14. Cosmopolitan Adult Education and Global Citizenship: Perceptions from a European Itinerant Graduate Professional Study Abroad Program (United States)

    Coryell, Joellen E.; Spencer, B. J.; Sehin, Oleksandra


    Today's sociopolitical and economic conditions require adults to engage in informed, culturally sensitive coexistence. Correspondingly, adult educators need to design experiences that help prepare learners for cross-cultural collaboration and socially responsible careers in a global age. Framed through cosmopolitanism and situated learning…

  15. The Impact of Spiritual Learning on the Lives of Adults in Postsecondary Martial Arts Educational Programs (United States)

    Ingram, Jeffrey G.


    This study investigated whether spiritual learning impacts the lives of adult learners in martial arts educational programs. The impact of spirituality has been claimed as a meaningful connection; however, it is not currently known how spiritual learning impacts the lives and experiences of adult learners with these programs. Spiritual learning…

  16. Adult Learning Meets the Green Economy: Lessons from a Green Jobs Education Project (United States)

    Wagner, Cecelia


    The new "green economy" affects adult education and workforce development as adult workers seek skills and knowledge that will help them find success in work and life. Recent years have brought about increased interest in and discussion of training for green jobs. Since the introduction of the Green Jobs Act in 2007, questions about how exactly to…

  17. The Effect of Emotional Intelligence on Program Completion among Adult Basic Education Students (United States)

    Batiste, Mildred M.


    Program completion among adult learners attending adult basic education programs has been found to be an area of struggle. Cognitive ability has always been the primary factor for determining an individual's ability. However, non-cognitive ability has been proposed as a significant factor in academic success. Many attrition models have been…

  18. Tripping with Stephen Gaskin: An Exploration of a Hippy Adult Educator (United States)

    Morley, Gabriel Patrick


    For the last 40 years, Stephen Gaskin has been an adult educator on the fringe, working with tens of thousands of adults in the counterculture movement in pursuit of social change regarding marijuana legalization, women's rights, environmental justice issues and beyond. Gaskin has written 11 books about his experiences teaching and learning…

  19. The relation between brain activity during memory tasks and years of education in young and older adults. (United States)

    Springer, Mellanie V; McIntosh, Anthony R; Winocur, Gordon; Grady, Cheryl L


    Higher education is associated with less age-related decline in cognitive function, but the mechanism of this protective effect is unknown. The authors examined the effect of age on the relation between education and brain activity by correlating years of education with activity measured using functional MRI during memory tasks in young and older adults. In young adults, education was negatively correlated with frontal activity, whereas in older adults, education was positively correlated with frontal activity. Medial temporal activity was associated with more education in young adults but less education in older adults. This suggests that the frontal cortex is engaged by older adults, particularly by the highly educated, as an alternative network that may be engaged to aid cognitive function. ((c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).

  20. The Role of Language in Adult Education and Poverty Reduction in Botswana (United States)

    Bagwasi, Mompoloki


    This study examines the role of language in reducing poverty in Botswana through adult-education programs. Because language is the medium through which human beings communicate and grow intellectually and socially, it should form the basis of any discussion involving the relation between development and education. In order best to respond to societal changes and bridge the gap between the less privileged and the more privileged, adult-education programs should be guided by language policies that are sensitive to this pivotal role that language plays. Language is important in any discussion of poverty reduction because it determines who has access to educational, political and economic resources. The author recommends that adult-education programs in Botswana take account of the multilingual nature of society and so allow learners to participate freely, make use of their indigenous knowledge, and enhance their self-esteem and identity.

  1. Interaction of African American Learners Online: An Adult Education Perspective (United States)

    Kang, Haijun; Yang, Yang


    This study examines how various life factors and personal attributes affect African American adult learners' use of the three types of learning interaction-learner-content, learner-instructor, and learner-learner. Multivariate multiple regression analyses were used. The aggregate effect of life factors on African American adult learners' use of…

  2. The Promise and the Pathway: Marketing Higher Education to Adults (United States)

    Stein, David S.; Wanstreet, Constance E.; Saunders, Charles T., Jr.; Lutz, Michelle L.


    This study analyzed the content of college and university Web site home pages to determine the frequency of marketing messages that might persuade adult learners to enroll at the institution. The findings suggest that colleges and universities in this study do not have adult-oriented marketing messages and are giving scant attention to the…

  3. A Study on the Role of Computers in Adult Education (United States)

    Giannoukos, Georgios; Besas, Georgios; Hioctour, Vasilios; Georgas, Thomas


    This paper discusses how knowledge of computers can affect our daily personal life as well as in the workplace in Greece. Our research is concerned with how useful the knowledge of computers is in the everyday life and work of adults and attempts to investigate the interest of adults for learning computer programmes and different subjects via…

  4. Examining the Link between Adult Attachment Style, Employment and Academic Achievement in First Semester Higher Education (United States)

    Beauchamp, Guy; Martineau, Marc; Gagnon, André


    Although previous research indicates that both employment and adult attachment style have an influence on academic achievement, the interaction of these two factors has not been clarified. The purpose of this study was to investigate the moderating effect of adult attachment style on the relationship between employment status and first semester…

  5. Situated Adult Learning: The Home Education Neighbourhood Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Leslie SAFRAN


    Full Text Available Many families who home educate turn to a neighbourhood home education group for support, resources and guidance. The purpose of this paper is to first outline briefly the context of home education in the UK and US, to analyse three different types of home education neighbourhood group as communities of practice and then to theorise how these parents learn some of what it is to be home educators through participation in such groups as members. The analysis is based on evidence from long-term home educating parents collected through thirty-four in-depth interviews and the Community of Practice framework (Wenger, 1998. It will be argued that although communities of practice have variable features depending on the type of neighbourhood home education group a parent joins, they all engage in a form of collective situated life learning which helps transform parents to the point where they become home educators.

  6. Protective connections and educational attainment among young adults with childhood-onset chronic illness. (United States)

    Maslow, Gary; Haydon, Abigail A; McRee, Annie-Laurie; Halpern, Carolyn T


    Youth with childhood-onset chronic illness (COCI) are at risk of poor educational attainment. Specific protective factors that promote college graduation in this population have not been studied previously. In this study, we examine the role protective factors during adolescence play in promoting college graduation among young adults with COCI. Data were collected from 10,925 participants in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Protective factors present before 18 years of age included mentoring, parent relationship quality, school connectedness, and religious attendance. College graduation was the outcome of interest assessed when participants had a mean age of 28 years. Analysis was stratified by presence of COCI. About 2% of participants (N = 230) had 1 of 4 COCIs (cancer, diabetes, epilepsy, or heart disease). All 4 protective factors were associated with college graduation for youth without COCI. In the final multivariate model, only school connectedness was associated with college graduation for youth with COCI. School connectedness is of particular importance in promoting educational attainment for youth with COCI. © 2012, American School Health Association.

  7. Organization and Administration of Adult Education Programs: A Guide for Practitioners. Adult Education Special Topics: Theory, Research and Practice in LifeLong Learning (United States)

    Schmidt, Steven W.; Biniecki, Susan M. Yelich


    Administrators of adult education programs work in dynamic and ever-changing environments. They are continually challenged with a myriad of issues related to program budgeting, marketing, strategic planning, funding, human resources, and other topics. With decades of real world experience in the field, Steven Schmidt and Susan Yelich Biniecki have…

  8. Overcoming Alienation as the Practice of Adult Education: The Contribution of Erich Fromm to a Critical Theory of Adult Learning and Education. (United States)

    Brookfield, Stephen


    Erich Fromm proposed that learning to penetrate ideological obfuscation and overcome the alienation it generates is the learning task of adulthood. He believed adult education would make people aware of ideological manipulation and prepare them for participatory democracy. His was a Marxist humanism aimed at the creation of democratic socialism.…

  9. Distance Education in European Higher Education--The Students. Report 2 (of 3) of the IDEAL (Impact of Distance Education on Adult Learning) Project (United States)

    Schneller, Chripa; Holmberg, Carl


    This report is the second in a series published by the IDEAL (Impact of Distance Education on Adult Learning) project. The IDEAL project ran from October 2013 to September 2015 with financial support from the EU Lifelong Learning Programme. The project aims to: (1) offer insights on the needs of adult learners to both policymakers and distance…

  10. Distance Education in European Higher Education--The Offer. Report 1 (of 3) of the IDEAL (Impact of Distance Education on Adult Learning) Project (United States)

    Schneller, Chripa; Holmberg, Carl


    This report is the first in a series published by the IDEAL (Impact of Distance Education on Adult Learning) project. The IDEAL project ran from October 2013 to September 2015 with financial support from the EU Lifelong Learning Programme. The project aims to: (1) offer insights on the needs of adult learners to both policymakers and distance…

  11. "Put Me In, Coach, I'm Ready to Play": Sexuality Education for Adults at "Good Vibrations" (United States)

    Nodulman, Jessica A.


    Although sex education is often provided to young people, there is a lack of spaces where adults can go to learn more about sex from experts in a free and welcoming environment. One place that provides an opportunity for adult sex education is adult sexual retail stores. While these stores aim to be commercially successful, they also fulfil a role…

  12. Adult Learning in the Queer Nation: A Foucauldian Analysis of Educational Strategies for Social Change (United States)

    Walker, Wayland


    Adult education for social change can occur within social movements, and the fight for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered and Queer (LGBTQ) rights has included educational strategies designed to challenge heterosexist and homophobic systems of power. This article explores how the Queer Nation movement of the early 1990s deployed a Foucauldian…

  13. Professional trainning of the counsellors in guidance centres for adult education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanja Vilič Klenovšek


    Full Text Available Counselling activities of Guidance Centres for Adult Education in September this year, entered the tenth year of operation. The basic concept of operations, providing free of charge "educational counselling work" in partnership with various orga- nizations in the environment in all phases of the educational process, from decision to completion of education or learning, remains unchanged. But guidance centres are developing new content in counselling approaches, new partnerships, new promotional activities, etc. In particular, to increase access to guidance and education to vulnerable groups of adults, groups with less or no access to education and training. To ensure comprehensive and quality counselling activities, the appropriate knowledge and skills of the counsellors are the key element. For the counsellors in the network of 14 Slovenian Guidance Centres basic training and continuous professional training develops and carries out the Slovenian Institute for Adult Education in cooperation with their professional colleagues and external domestic and foreign experts. Training includes a complex and interdisciplinary knowledge and skills on all aspects of adult education and learning in modern so- ciety and about the counselling process. Each of these areas covers a number of tasks performed by counsellors in guidance centres derived, as well as newly developed, as presented in the paper.

  14. The Influence of Social Background on Participation in Adult Education:Applying the Cultural Capital Framework (United States)

    Cincinnato, Sebastiano; De Wever, Bram; Van Keer, Hilde; Valcke, Martin


    In this article, we address the issue of participation in adult education building on the cultural capital framework. This theoretical framework suggests that (educational) practices are affected by one's social background and, more precisely, by the cultural resources handed down in the family context. To examine the validity of this theoretical…

  15. Exclusory and Transformative Dimensions of Adult Environmental Education in Two Brazilian Protected Areas (United States)

    Valenti, Mayla Willik; de Oliveira, Haydée Torres; Logarezzi, Amadeu José Montagnini


    This study addresses the limitations and potential for the development of an adult environmental education program in two protected areas in Brazil. The investigation was based on critical communicative methodology and involved 25 people variously related to puma conservation and environmental education. We found that the staff of protected areas…

  16. Student Motivations, Quality and Status in Adult Higher Education (AHE) in China (United States)

    Wang, Naixia; Morgan, W. John


    This article examines an important and yet neglected aspect of the relationship between higher education and the labour market in contemporary China. It does this through a detailed case study of student motivations, quality and status in adult higher education (AHE) in the city of Taiyuan, Shanxi Province. This is a region which has seen major…

  17. Education and Older Adults at the University of the Third Age (United States)

    Formosa, Marvin


    This article reports a critical analysis of older adult education in Malta. In educational gerontology, a critical perspective demands the exposure of how relations of power and inequality, in their myriad forms, combinations, and complexities, are manifest in late-life learning initiatives. Fieldwork conducted at the University of the Third Age…

  18. "You've Got the Power": Documentary Film as a Tool of Environmental Adult Education (United States)

    Clover, Darlene E.


    Educators call for more creative means to combat the moribund narratives of contemporary environmentalism. Using visual methodology and environmental adult education theory, this article discusses how a documentary film titled "You've Got the Power" works to pose questions about complex environmental issues and develop critical thinking…

  19. 21st Century African Philosophy of Adult and Human Resource Education in Southern Africa (United States)

    Mutamba, Charlene


    This paper will attempt to define a philosophy of adult education for the purpose of workforce development in Southern Africa. The different influences such as Ubuntu and communalism, indigenous education, diversity western philosophy, globalization and technology are explored in the context of the Southern African region.

  20. The New Evangelisation and Adult Religious Education in Slovenia: Challenges and Possibilities (United States)

    Stegu, Tadej


    The Catholic Church in Slovenia is facing the challenge of the new evangelisation in the area of religious education which, at present, is mainly confined to the parish catechesis. She recognises the urgent need to pass from the religious education of children to adult catechesis. The latter is already being implemented in various forms by a…

  1. Influence of adult and non-formal education programmes on the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study examined the extent to which adult and non-formal education programmes could facilitate the attainment of the sustainable development goal four (Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all) in Bayelsa State. The descriptive survey research design was ...

  2. Curriculum Diversity and Young Adult Physical Activity: Reflections from High School Physical Education (United States)

    Mears, Derrick


    This study was to evaluate if exposure to a diverse curriculum in high school physical education had an impact on young adult physical activity. Students from two universities were surveyed concerning high school physical education content exposure and physical activity in four areas. By investigating relationships between content exposure and…

  3. Social Reproduction in Non-Formal Adult Education: The Case of Rural Mozambique (United States)

    Straubhaar, Rolf


    Using fieldnotes from the non-formal adult education classes run by a non-profit international education with ground operations in rural Mozambique, this article documents how the comments made by class facilitators and class participants in those classes reflect inherent power inequalities between non-profit staff and local participants. These…

  4. The Northeast Texas Adult Education Rural Workplace Literacy Program. Annual Performance Report. (United States)

    Barker, Sue; Burns, Kathryn; Bowers, Jana; Pruitt, Jeanni; Pate, Sally

    The Northeast Texas Adult Education Rural Education Workplace Literacy Program, which is a partnership between Northeast Texas Community College and area businesses, offers workplace literacy instruction designed around job-specific basic skills. Training is offered in the following: applied workplace technology; applied math skills; measurements…

  5. Food and Nutrition Practices and Education Needs in Florida's Adult Family Care Homes (United States)

    Dahl, Wendy J.; Ford, Amanda L.; Gal, Nancy J.


    A statewide survey was carried out to determine food and nutrition practices and education needs of Florida's adult family care homes (AFCHs). The 30-item survey included questions on food and nutrition education, supplement use, and menu planning. Infrequent use of menus and nutrition supplements was reported. A strong need was indicated for…

  6. Education, Functional Limitations, and Life Satisfaction among Older Adults in South Korea (United States)

    Lee, Eun-Kyoung Othelia; Lee, Jungui


    This study examined the associations of educational level with functioning and life satisfaction among community-dwelling older adults in South Korea ("n" = 4,152). The sample was drawn from Wave I of the Korean Longitudinal Study on Aging. To examine educational disparities, separate analyses were run to note predictors in less educated…

  7. Vom Verschwinden des Wissens in der Erwachsenenbildung (On the Disappearance of Knowledge from Adult Education). (United States)

    Nolda, Siegrid


    States that knowledge has disappeared in and from adult education because it is rarely viewed as educational content or a didactic task of instruction. Explains that this is due to both internal and external disciplinary reasons and discusses these reasons in detail. (CMK)

  8. Challenges and Choices: A Study of Four Providers of Adult Community Education. (United States)

    Barnett, Kate; Wilson, Sara

    The following providers of adult community education (ACE) in Australia were examined in case studies: Trott Park Neighbourhood Centre, a neighborhood house with a small ACE program for residents of the Adelaide outer metropolitan area; Workers' Educational Association of South Australia, Incorporated, which provides a large statewide adult…

  9. The Role of Adult Education Philosophy in Facilitating the Online Classroom (United States)

    Milheim, Karen L.


    Teaching philosophy is much more than just teaching style, or a framework for a course. It can be defined as one's beliefs about life that are carried out in his/her teaching practice, which serve as a foundation for his/her educational philosophies. The majority of literature addressing philosophies in adult education practice focus on how…

  10. Marketisation of Adult Education: Principals as Business Leaders, Standardised Teachers and Responsibilised Students (United States)

    Fejes, Andreas; Runesdotter, Caroline; Wärvik, Gun-Britt


    The marketisation of education is a global phenomenon and has attracted increased interest during the last three decades, not least in terms of research on school choice and its consequences. However, while much research has been conducted on the marketisation of schooling, less attention has been directed at adult education. In this paper, focus…

  11. Lifelong learning and disability: adult education for people with learning difficulties in Berlin


    Fawcett Emma


    The ratification of the United Nation Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities has ushered in a shift in thinking surrounding the accessibility of education in Germany. Here, conceptual and practical consequences of this shift are discussed with reference to an inclusive adult education project in Berlin.

  12. Childhood (Mis)Fortune, Educational Attainment, and Adult Health: Contingent Benefits of a College Degree? (United States)

    Schafer, Markus H.; Wilkinson, Lindsay R.; Ferraro, Kenneth F.


    College-educated adults are healthier than other people in the United States, but selection bias complicates our understanding of how education influences health. This article focuses on the possibility that the health benefits of college may vary according to childhood (mis)fortune and people's propensity to attain a college degree in the first…

  13. Holocaust Knowledge and Holocaust Education Experiences Predict Citizenship Values among US Adults (United States)

    Starratt, Gerene K.; Fredotovic, Ivana; Goodletty, Sashay; Starratt, Christopher


    This community-based research investigated the relationship among Holocaust knowledge, Holocaust education experiences, and citizenship values in adults residing in the US. This study contributes to the literature an inferential investigation that reports positive civic attitudes associated with Holocaust education. A moderate correlation was…


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nailul Morad MOHD NOR


    Full Text Available World population ageing is unprecedented and pervasive which will affect all countries in the world. According to a United Nation report (2010: “By 2045, the number of older persons in the world will exceed the number of young for the first time in history.” The number of the older adult learners in distance education programs is also expected to increase in tandem with the growth of ageing population throughout the world. As such distance education institutions and instructors should be vigilant to this new emerging group of learners. The objectives of this study were to identify factors related to older adult learners’ participation in the distance education degree programs and their characteristics. Data were collected by using interviews and questionnaires. Respondents for the study were older adult learners age 50 and over who enrolled in degree programs at the School of Distance Education (SDE, Universiti Sains Malaysia in Malaysia. Five older adult learners were interviewed and 72 out of 123 respondents completed the questionnaires. The findings indicated that older adult learners’ participation in the distance education degree programs is mainly due to career advancement and to seek knowledge. The older adult learners’ distinct characteristics are high motivation, eager to learn, health conscious, effective time management, good social skills, no financial difficulties and have strong family support.

  15. Functioning and Participation of Young Adults with ASD in Higher Education According to the ICF Framework (United States)

    Jansen, Dorien; Emmers, Elke; Petry, Katja; Mattys, Laura; Noens, Ilse; Baeyens, Dieter


    Because of a better understanding of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in all stages of life and the improvement of support of students with ASD in primary and secondary education, an increasing number of students with ASD are accessing higher education. Previous research suggests that these students have fewer opportunities in higher education due…

  16. Development and validation of an assessment of adult educators' reading instructional knowledge. (United States)

    Bell, Sherry Mee; McCallum, R Steve; Ziegler, Mary; Davis, C A; Coleman, Maribeth


    The purpose of this paper is to describe briefly the development and utility of the Assessment of Reading Instructional Knowledge-Adults (ARIK-A), the only nationally normed (n = 468) measure of adult reading instructional knowledge, created to facilitate professional development of adult educators. Developmental data reveal reliabilities ranging from 0.73 to 0.85 for five ARIK-A scales (alphabetics, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension, and assessment) and 0.91 for the composite score; factor analytic data and expert review provide support for construct validity as well. Information on how to use the ARIK-A to determine mastery and relative standing is presented. With two alternate forms, the ARIK-A is a promising and needed tool for adult education practitioners within continuing education and professional development contexts.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iryna S. Pichuhina


    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to examine the features of using webinars for the development of spiritual and moral values in the non-formal adult education. Actualization of the problem of spirituality formation is associated with the modern requirements to moral features of adults arising from their special social function of influence on the formation of spiritual values of younger generation. Conducting psychological and educational on-line workshops, lectures, consultations for adults arising from problems of misunderstanding or loss of key moral features is relevant and demanded. As a form of such interaction the webinar is suggested as an ICT-tool used in non-formal adults education.

  18. Radical Heroes. Gramsci, Freire and the Politics of Adult Education. Studies in the History of Education, Volume 6. Garland Reference Library of Social Science, Volume 1006. (United States)

    Coben, Diana

    This book examines the ideas of two radical heroes of adult education: Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937) and Paulo Freire (1921-1997). The book is organized into six chapters. Chapter 1 introduces both men and their influences on adult education. Chapter 2 examines Gramsci's educative concept of politics, focusing on his concepts of hegemony and the…

  19. Reflections on the permanent interdisciplinary formation of the professor of Natural Sciences of Adult Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elieser Briso-González


    Full Text Available The educational transformations that take effect at present in Adult Education demand changes in the teaching staff's preparation; particularly in the teachers of the subjects of study of the area of Natural Sciences, which demands a conceptual and methodological reconsideration in the execution of the performance of the professors to confront the educational diversity. Proposal that converts in point of departure to reflect on the foundations and facts of various natures of the permanent interdisciplinary formation of the teacher of the Natural Sciences area of the Adult Education in whose processes it is manifested an atomized formation dissociated from the educational community's real problems. These assessments try to expose a way to solve the necessities in the methodological work, the teachers' main way instruction, education and development of the teachers, in order that they may offer flexible, varied and consequent answers with the requirements of the scientific technical development.

  20. Formal education, previous interaction and perception influence the attitudes of people toward the conservation of snakes in a large urban center of northeastern Brazil. (United States)

    Pinheiro, Luan Tavares; Rodrigues, João Fabrício Mota; Borges-Nojosa, Diva Maria


    The attitudes and perceptions of people toward animals are influenced by sociodemographic factors, such as formal education and gender, and by personal experience. Understanding these interactions is critical for the establishment of conservation strategies for animals that have conflictual relationships with humans, such as snakes. Our study aims to explain how perceptions and the human fear of snakes vary and are influenced by formal education and gender. In addition, it aims to show how prior interaction with these animals influence these perceptions and the human fear toward snakes and how these perceptions and fear influence the importance of conservation of these animals. We collected data from June 2010 to December 2013 using questionnaires given to 1142 visitors of a scientific serpentarium (Núcleo Regional de Ofiologia da Universidade Federal do Ceará) in the municipality of Fortaleza, northeastern Brazil. Negative perceptions toward snakes were less frequent according to an increase in levels of schooling. Women had more negative perceptions and were more afraid of snakes than were men. Prior interaction with snakes decreased the occurrence of negative perceptions and reduced the level of human fear of these animals. People with negative perceptions classified the conservation of snakes as not important and were more afraid of these animals. Understanding the relationship between sociodemographic factors, prior experiences, perceptions, fear, and the importance given to conservation can help to better understand human attitudes toward snakes. Environmental education activities considering gender differences, involving preliminary interaction with snakes and focusing on priority targets identified in our study, such as people with low formal education, can increase the efficiency of measures for the conservation of these animals.