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Sample records for prepare chinese language

  1. Collaborating with Summer Camps to Prepare Chinese Language Teachers: Linking Theory to Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Lucy C.; Curran, Mary E.

    2009-01-01

    Because interest in Chinese instruction, as well as in languages such as Arabic, Korean, Yoruba, Urdu, and Hindi, is new in the K-12 context, teacher educators do not have many established settings where teacher candidates can observe and engage in best practice. At Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, with the support of grant funds from…

  2. English and Chinese language ambiguity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程海

    2009-01-01

    This article from the Voice of Ambiguity,Lexical Ambiguity and Ambiguity in the three aspects of the grammatical structure of English and Chinese languages are compared ambiguity And analysis.Ambiguity in English and Chinese language through the comparison,resulted in two languages to explore the reasons for ambiguity;analysis of the characteristics of English language ambiguities;Research Should not be some ambiguity on how to avoid the emergence of the phenomenon.

  3. Study on Translating Chinese into Chinese Sign Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐琳; 高文

    2000-01-01

    Sign language is a visual-gestural language mainly used by hearing impaired people to communicate with each other. Gesture and facial expression are important grammar parts of sign language. In this paper, a text-based transfor mation method of Chinese-Chinese sign language machine translation is proposed.Gesture and facial expression models are created. And a practical system is im plemented. The input of the system is Chinese text. The output of the system is "graphics person" who can gesticulate Chinese sign language accompanied by facial expression that corresponds to the Chinese text entered so as to realize automatic translation from Chinese text to Chinese sign language.

  4. Introduction to Chinese natural language processing

    CERN Document Server

    Wong, Kam-Fai; Xu, Ruifeng; Zhang, Zheng-sheng

    2009-01-01

    This book introduces Chinese language-processing issues and techniques to readers who already have a basic background in natural language processing (NLP). Since the major difference between Chinese and Western languages is at the word level, the book primarily focuses on Chinese morphological analysis and introduces the concept, structure, and interword semantics of Chinese words.The following topics are covered: a general introduction to Chinese NLP; Chinese characters, morphemes, and words and the characteristics of Chinese words that have to be considered in NLP applications; Chinese word

  5. Discursive Construction of Chinese Language Teacher Identity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Chun

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, researchers within the field of TCFL 1 (teaching Chinese as a foreign language) have begun to examine the notion of Chinese language teacher identity (Bianco, 2009; Cruickshank, 2011; Gao, 2012; Zhang & Jensen, 2013; Zhang, 2013); however, whilst insightful, this research has...... not addressed the ways in which Chinese language teachers identify themselves while interacting with students and how they construct their identities as TCFL teachers in other cultures. In this study, I address this research gap by exploring the discursive construction of three native Chinese language teachers...... (NCLTs) 2 teaching Chinese to Danish students....

  6. The Chinese of Pasuruan : their language and identity

    OpenAIRE

    Oetomo, D.

    1987-01-01

    Chinese language--Indonesia --Pasuruan, Chinese--Indonesia--Pasuruan, Sociolinguistics--Indonesia--Pasuruan, Ethnology--Indonesia--Pasuruan, Pasuruan (Indonesia)--Languages Originally presented as the author's thesis

  7. The Chinese of Pasuruan : their language and identity

    OpenAIRE

    Oetomo, D

    1987-01-01

    Chinese language--Indonesia --Pasuruan, Chinese--Indonesia--Pasuruan, Sociolinguistics--Indonesia--Pasuruan, Ethnology--Indonesia--Pasuruan, Pasuruan (Indonesia)--Languages Originally presented as the author's thesis

  8. Saving Chinese-Language Education in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Cher Leng

    2012-01-01

    Three-quarters of Singapore's population consists of ethnic Chinese, and yet, learning Chinese (Mandarin) has been a headache for many Singapore students. Recently, many scholars have argued that the rhetoric of language planning for Mandarin Chinese should be shifted from emphasizing its cultural value to stressing its economic value since…

  9. Two Language Models Using Chinese Semantic Parsing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Mingqin; WANG Xia; WANG Zuoying

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents two language models that utilize a Chinese semantic dependency parsing technique for speech recognition. The models are based on a representation of the Chinese semantic structure with dependency relations. A semantic dependency parser was described to automatically tag the semantic class for each word with 90.9% accuracy and parse the sentence semantic dependency structure with 75.8% accuracy. The Chinese semantic parsing technique was applied to structure language models to develop two language models, the semantic dependency model (SDM) and the headword trigram model (HTM). These language models were evaluated using Chinese speech recognition. The experiments show that both models outperform the word trigram model in terms of the Chinese character recognition error rate.

  10. CLT in the Chinese Language Teaching Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏

    2009-01-01

    Communicative Language Teaching is considered as an efficient approach to second language acquisition,.This article tries to give a general introduction to CLT and its current situation in English teaching in China by pointing out the difficulties CLT faces in China as well as giving some suggestions for the perfection of CLT in Chinese language teaching context.

  11. Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety: A Study of Chinese Language Learners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han Luo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates Chinese Language Speaking Anxiety and its associated factors among college-level students who learn Chinese as a foreign language (CFL in the U.S. Although the Speaking Anxiety scores of the participants were not high on average, but frequency analyses showed that quite a number of learners experienced high levels of anxiety when speaking Chinese. The results of ANOVA analyses indicated that gender had a significant effect on Speaking Anxiety, but proficiency level and the elective-required status did not. Correlation and multiple regression results showed that perceived difficulty level of the Chinese language, self-perceived language learning ability, and self-perceived achievement in Chinese classes were significant predictors of Speaking Anxiety and altogether accounted for 21.4% of the variance in Speaking Anxiety.

  12. Taiwan's Chinese Language Development and the Creation of Language Teaching Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Cheng-Hui; Wang, Chuan Po

    2015-01-01

    Chinese Teaching in Taiwan in recent years in response to the international trend of development, making at all levels of Chinese language teaching in full swing, for the recent boom in Chinese language teaching, many overseas Chinese language learning for children also had a passion while actively learning Chinese language, and even many overseas…

  13. Becoming a 'good' Chinese language teacher

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Chun

    Discover what Chinese language teachers experience while teaching Chinese as a foreign language (abbreviated to CFL) at Danish universities. Are they teaching CFL in a ‘Chinese’ way? Are they teaching CFL in a ‘Danish’ way? Focusing on professional identities, this PhD project explores...... the relationship among teachers’ beliefs, prior CFL-related experiences and the influence of different teaching cultures. Six native-speaker teachers of Chinese and four non-native-speaker teachers of Chinese from three Danish universities joined the project. Through a qualitative study made up of researcher......’s journals, classroom observations and semi-structured interviews over four years (2011-2015), the author explains the process of being and becoming ‘good’ Chinese language teachers in a Danish educational setting, concentrating on the factors which are associated with influencing the construction of teacher...

  14. Research in Ancient Chinese Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    JIANG Ji-cheng, A Brief Study of Arabian-Chinese Diaphone in Huihui Prescription Abstract: Based on meterials of Arabian- Chinese diaphone in Huihui Prescription, this paper studies all Chinese phonetic initials and finals in Yuan dynasty, including 21 initials and 34 finals. Key Words: Huihui Prescription, Arabian- Chinese diaphone, transferred sound, International Phonetic Alphabet

  15. Chinese Network Language and Its Influences on Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵慧尔; 王芳芳

    2013-01-01

    With the rapid development of Internet communication in China, more and more people use computers and Chinese Internet Language becomes very popular. This paper has a brief introduction of CIL from the perspective of vocabulary and tense, and discusses CIL’s influences on language teaching and multi-literacy.

  16. Communicative Language Teaching in the Chinese Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Wei

    2010-01-01

    In order to explore effective ways to develop Chinese English learners' communicative competence, this study first briefly reviews the advantages of communicative language teaching (CLT) method which widely practiced in the Western countries and analyzes in details its obstacles in Chinese classroom context. Then it offers guidelines for…

  17. I-Ching, Chinese Thinking Mode And Chinese Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何婧媛

    2013-01-01

      I-Ching regards human-being as an integral part of nature and stresses the relative complimentary of the two opposing principles of nature, Yin and Yang. Therefore, under the influence of I-Ching, the Chinese thinking mode is different from the west-erners’. The Chinese thinking pattern is holistic, dynamic and abstract, but lacking logic and inference. The Chinese tend to express their ideas succinctly in a few simple remarks. Consequently Chinese is a concise and comprehensive language full of hint and ambiguity.

  18. Chinese Language Gains Popularity in the World

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    SOUTHEAST Asia has alarge population of overseasChinese,most of them immi-grants n search of a better life.Thefirst wave of new arrivals to the areaended up leading a very hard life,but still retained their affection forChinese language and culture,getting their children to learn theirmother tongue and collectingmoney to build Chinese schools.The teaching of Chinesereached its high point in Singapore,Malaysia,Indonesia and Sarawak in the 1950s.The first university foroverseas Chinese,Southeast AsiaUuiversity,was established in Sin-gapore with funds from public don-

  19. MUET Preparation Language Learning Strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoong Li Kuen

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of the study was to examine the English language learning strategies (LLS used by Lower Six students in secondary schools who are sitting for their MUET test. It analyzed the language learning strategies that students use in order to prepare for the MUET test. Data were collected using a survey questionnaire with 300 students. The instrument used in this study called “MUET Preparation Language Strategy Use Inventory” is an adapted and bilingual questionnaire designed by Cohen, Oxford and Chi (2005 known as Language Strategy Use Inventory. Forty items were analyzed and they comprised of the four skills tested in MUET which is listening, speaking, reading and writing. Data were analyzed by performing frequency analysis. The findings revealed that the listening skill is the most frequently used, while the writing skill is the least frequently used. Only the listening skill has high frequency of use, while the reading, speaking and writing skills fall under the range of moderate frequency of use. There were variations in responses with regard to the use of LLS among Form Six students in secondary schools. The findings had practical implications.

  20. An Analysis of Loanword in Chinese Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽菊

    2010-01-01

    Today, along with social and economic development, a lot of new things are constantly appearing. And a lot of vogue words arise correspondingly. Facing so many western words pouring in, especially English words blotting out the sky and covering up the earth, what kind of attitude towards loanwords we will remain? This paper is about the loanword in Chinese language. Through illustrating the classification, feature and influence of loanword, especially elaborating translation process of loanword, it presents that the loanword in Chinese language has a long history and it has become an important part in our Chinese language. It hopes that the study can shed light on the loanword and adjust their attitude towards loanword.

  1. On Chinese Loan Words from English Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Yun; Deng, Tianbai

    2009-01-01

    In the recent twenty years, with China's reform and opening policy to the outside world, there is a sharp increase in English loan words in Chinese. On the one hand, it demonstrates that China's soft power has been booming up. But on the other hand, some language pollution in the meanwhile is caused by non-standard use of loan words in Chinese.…

  2. English in the Chinese foreign language classroom

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    Wang, Danping

    2013-01-01

    Chinese is an ancient language, but the present scope of its global study is unprecedented. Comprehending the impacts of worldwide linguistic realities on 'Chinese as a Foreign Language' (CFL) teachers and students will be critical to its long-term success. The most important phenomenon has been the establishment of English as a lingua franca, especially in the expanding marketplaces of Asia. This book examines the role of English as a medium of instruction in CFL classrooms. It begins by integrating existing studies on the global spread of English with research on English as a medium of secon

  3. Chinese spoken language understanding in SHTQS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MAO Jia-ju; GUO Rong; LU Ru-zhan

    2005-01-01

    Spoken dialogue systems are an active research field with wide applications. But the differences in the Chinese spoken dialogue system are not as distinct as that of English. In Chinese spoken dialogues, there are many language phenomena. Firstly, most utterances are ill-formed. Secondly, ellipsis, anaphora and negation are also widely used in Chinese spoken dialogue. Determining how to extract semantic information from incomplete sentences and resolve negation, anaphora and ellipsis is crucial. SHTQS ( Shanghai Transportation Query System) is an intelligent telephone-based spoken dialogue system providing information about the best route between any two sites in Shanghai. After a brief description of the system, the natural language processing is emphasized.Speech recognition sentences unavoidably contain errors. In language sequence processing procedures,these errors can be easily passed to the later parts and take on a ripple effect. To detect and recover these from errors as early as possible, language-processing strategies are specially considered. For errors resulting from divided words in speech recognition, segmentation and POS Tagging approaches that can rectify these errors are designed. Since most of the inquiry utterances are ill-formed and negation, anaphora and ellipsis are common language phenomena, the language understanding must be adequately adaptive. So, a partial syntactic parsing scheme is adopted and a chart algorithm is used. The parser is based on unification grammar. The semantic frame that extracts from the best arc set of the chart is used to represent the meaning of sentences. The negation, anaphora and ellipsis are also analyzed and corresponding processing approaches are presented. The accuracy of the language processing part is 88. 39% and the testing result shows that the language processing strategies are rational and effective.

  4. Language Shattered : Contemporary Chinese Poetry and Duoduo

    OpenAIRE

    Crevel, Maghiel van

    1996-01-01

    Language Shattered is both a history of poetry from the People's Republic of China and a case study of the oeuvre of a leading Chinese poet. After the stifling orthodoxy of the 1950s and early 1960s, the terror of the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) brought official Chinese literature to a total standstill. At the same time, disillusioned youths were more or less accidentally exposed to a varied body of foreign literature and began writing underground poetry. In the 1980s this poetry scene, n...

  5. Statistical Language Model for Chinese Text Proofreading

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张仰森; 曹元大

    2003-01-01

    Statistical language modeling techniques are investigated so as to construct a language model for Chinese text proofreading. After the defects of n-gram model are analyzed, a novel statistical language model for Chinese text proofreading is proposed. This model takes full account of the information located before and after the target word wi, and the relationship between un-neighboring words wi and wj in linguistic environment(LE). First, the word association degree between wi and wj is defined by using the distance-weighted factor, wj is l words apart from wi in the LE, then Bayes formula is used to calculate the LE related degree of word wi, and lastly, the LE related degree is taken as criterion to predict the reasonability of word wi that appears in context. Comparing the proposed model with the traditional n-gram in a Chinese text automatic error detection system, the experiments results show that the error detection recall rate and precision rate of the system have been improved.

  6. Looking Chinese and Learning Chinese as a Heritage Language: The Role of Habitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mu, Guanglun Michael

    2016-01-01

    The identity-language link has been widely recognised. In Heritage Language research, the complex entanglement between Chinese ethnic identity and Chinese Heritage Language has gained increasing attention in recent decades. Both social psychological and poststructural schools have offered meaningful insights into this field, but have also received…

  7. Becoming a 'Good' Chinese Language Teacher

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Chun

    Recent studies on CFL (Chinese as foreign language) teacher identity have increasingly been paying attention to teachers’ beliefs, learning experience, and educational context. Whilst insightful, these studies have not addressed the ways CFL teachers relate their beliefs, experiences and context...... higher educational context. Ten CFL teachers from three Danish universities participated in the project. The dissertation has been divided into nine chapters. The 1st chapter is an introduction that presents an overall picture of the study. The 2nd chapter is about literature review. I provided...... and 8 are the most significant empirical studies aiming to address the research questions. They are based on the proposed research model. The 1st study reported in Chapter 5 aims to understand the factors influencing the professional identity construction of three nonnative-speaker teachers of Chinese...

  8. English Language Ideologies in the Chinese Foreign Language Education Policies: A World-System Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Lin

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates the Chinese state's English language ideologies as reflected in official Chinese foreign language education policies (FLEP). It contends that the Chinese FLEP not only indicate a way by which the state gains consent, maintains cultural governance, and exerts hegemony internally, but also shows the traces of the combined…

  9. Chinese Students' Perceptions of the Value of Test Preparation Courses for the TOEFL iBT: Merit, Worth, and Significance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Jia; Cheng, Liying

    2015-01-01

    Test preparation for high-stakes English language tests has received increasing research attention in the language assessment field; however, little is known about what aspects of test preparation students attend to and value. In this study, we considered the perspectives of 12 Chinese students who were enrolled in various academic programs in a…

  10. Home language shift and its implications for Chinese language teaching in Singapore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Li

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In a bilingual society like Singapore, home language environment (HLE of Singaporean children is becoming increasingly concerned, especially for those who are yet to have formal education in schools. The reported rapid shift of family language has increased the tensions among families, schools and communities. This study examined some of the many facets of Singaporean Chinese preschoolers’ HLE, and further discussed how these facets are related to children’s Chinese language proficiency in oral and written forms. Three hundred and seventy-six Singaporean Chinese six-year olds completed Chinese oral and written language proficiency screening. Their parents completed a HLE survey. The findings revealed the possible trend of home language shift from Mandarin Chinese to English in the younger generation. Aside from home language use factors, the importance of other facets that form a rich language environment is also highlighted for children's language development.

  11. 75 FR 5767 - All Terrain Vehicle Chinese Language Webinar; Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-04

    ... COMMISSION All Terrain Vehicle Chinese Language Webinar; Meeting AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission... Terrain Vehicle Chinese Language Webinar. The webinar will focus on CPSC's requirements for ATV's... February 4, 2010 at 6:00 am Eastern Standard Time. Location: The meeting will be held live via...

  12. Teacher Education Curriculum for Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attaran, Mohammad; Yishuai, Hu

    2015-01-01

    The worldwide growing demand of CFL (Chinese as a Foreign Language) teachers has many implications for both curriculum development and teacher education. Much evidence has shown more in-depth research is needed in the field of teaching Chinese as a foreign language (Tsung & Cruickshank, 2011). Studying in-service teachers' experience in…

  13. Research on Difficulty in Indonesia Students Learning Chinese Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lydia Anggreani

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Chinese has become the worlds second language. Each language has its own law, as is the Chinese. Indonesian students have difficulty in learning Chinese which are are not surprising. Every language has various characteristics, so do Chinese and Bahasa Indonesia. Article analyzes difficulties to learn Chinese, especially for Indonesian students, those are tone, grammar, sounds of er hua such as Alice retroflex. The respondents are 100 Indonesian students who are randomly selected for testing samples analyzed. Since there is no tone in Bahasa Indonesia, it makes a lot of Indonesian students in the learning process often appear in Chinese foreign accent phenomenon. This article expects to explore the problem by studying the formation of the causes and solutions. Indonesian students learning Chinese was designed to provide some teaching and learning strategies.

  14. Research on Difficulty in Indonesia Students Learning Chinese Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lydia Anggreani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Chinese has become the world’s second language. Each language has its own law, as is the Chinese. Indonesian students have difficulty in learning Chinese which are are not surprising. Every language has various characteristics, so do Chinese and Bahasa Indonesia. Article analyzes difficulties to learn Chinese, especially for Indonesian students, those are tone, grammar, sounds of “er hua” such as Alice retroflex. The respondents are 100 Indonesian students who are randomly selected for testing samples analyzed. Since there is no tone in Bahasa Indonesia, it makes a lot of Indonesian students in the learning process often appear in Chinese foreign accent phenomenon. This article expects to explore the problem by studying the formation of the causes and solutions. Indonesian students learning Chinese was designed to provide some teaching and learning strategies.

  15. Linguistic Imperialism and Chinese Language and Culture Protection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾杰

    2014-01-01

    Influenced by the English imperialism theory proposed by Danish linguist Robert Philipson,the rapid development and popularity of English in the whole world have aroused debates among English hegemony.Some scholars in China are much concerned about the hegemony’s threat to Chinese language and culture and raised the concept of language and culture protection.Nevertheless,the author maintain that while caring about the adverse impact caused by English hegemony,the Chinese language and culture need to be protected,meanwhile,al-inclusive attitude shal be adopted towards English and western culture to enhance the communication and interaction between Chinese and English languages and cultures.

  16. The Fifth Milestone in the Development of Chinese Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateja PETROVČIČ

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Chinese language has changed drastically in the recent century. Papers on the language development mainly stress four big events in the Chinese history that imposed changes in language, i.e. The May Fourth Movement (1919, establishment of the People’s Republic of China (1949, Cultural Revolution (1966, and China’s reform and opening (1978. According to the features of recent neologisms, we suggest that the widening gap between rich and poor should be considered as the fifth milestone for changes in Chinese language.

  17. A Probe into the Influence of English Language Teaching on Chinese Stu-dents’Language Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIAO Fang-ying

    2014-01-01

    A problem has been arising among many English learners who would have frequent contact with English culture and the language. That is: they are inefficient in both English and Chinese. It is extremely obvious as far as Chinese students ’lan-guage development is concerned. In my paper, I want to explore how English language teaching (ELT) influences Chinese stu-dents’language development.

  18. The Unified Phonetic Transcription for Teaching and Learning Chinese Languages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shieh, Jiann-Cherng

    2011-01-01

    In order to preserve distinctive cultures, people anxiously figure out writing systems of their languages as recording tools. Mandarin, Taiwanese and Hakka languages are three major and the most popular dialects of Han languages spoken in Chinese society. Their writing systems are all in Han characters. Various and independent phonetic…

  19. Semantic Radical Knowledge and Word Recognition in Chinese for Chinese as Foreign Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Xiaoxiang; Kim, Young-Suk

    2014-01-01

    In the present study, we examined the relation of knowledge of semantic radicals to students' language proficiency and word reading for adult Chinese-as-a-foreign language students. Ninety-seven college students rated their proficiency in speaking, listening, reading, and writing in Chinese, and were administered measures of receptive and…

  20. Home Literacy Environment and Its Influence on Singaporean Children's Chinese Oral and Written Language Abilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Li; Tan, Chee Lay

    2016-01-01

    In a bilingual environment such as Singaporean Chinese community, the challenge of maintaining Chinese language and sustaining Chinese culture lies in promoting the daily use of Chinese language in oral and written forms among children. Ample evidence showed the effect of the home language and literacy environment (HLE), on children's language and…

  1. Home Literacy Environment and Its Influence on Singaporean Children's Chinese Oral and Written Language Abilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Li; Tan, Chee Lay

    2016-01-01

    In a bilingual environment such as Singaporean Chinese community, the challenge of maintaining Chinese language and sustaining Chinese culture lies in promoting the daily use of Chinese language in oral and written forms among children. Ample evidence showed the effect of the home language and literacy environment (HLE), on children's language and…

  2. Different Features between English and Chinese Language and Translation Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗胜华

    2014-01-01

    The different nature of the two languages-English and Chinese which directly affects the factual Chinese-to-English translation, leads to their basic characteristics by sending messages and exchanging information in the two languages. Most domes-tic scholars generally revolve around research on the discussion of“xinghe”and“yihe”which is indeed important research theme. In this article, the author focuses on the five characteristics under the study atmosphere, guiding students especially non-English majors to understand and grasp the differences between English and Chinese, and helping students acquire the basic lan-guage and culture for the translation competence development.

  3. Preparing English Language Learners for Complex Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Janice; Delleman, Paul; Phesia, Andria

    2013-01-01

    Although the Common Core state standards' goal of ensuring that every student leaves high school prepared to meet the demands of college and career is laudable, it's daunting for teachers who serve English language learners. The authors, educators at a private bilingual school in Mexico, describe how they used short excerpts of longer works giving…

  4. Teaching English as an International Language:in Chinese Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊蓉

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes the spread of English worldwide and its practical and educational consequences. Also, the author explores the implications of English as an international language for current teaching methods in Chinese context.

  5. A Brief Analysis of the Acrostic in Chinese Language in Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lydia Anggreani

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Acrostic is a special phenomenon of the modern Chinese language. It is a combination of lexical and syntactical that across “vocabulary” and “grammar” categories. The morphemes can be combined and can also be separated by various form changes depending on its development. Acrostic is always been a crucial part in teaching Chinese language to foreigners and less developed than other parts of the teaching. This study used quantitative method to analyze the problems associated with the acrostic in teaching Chinese to foreigners. Source of the data was learners’ exercise and assignment. The discussion in this article was viewed from the perspective of the outside-oriented teaching, grouped into 3 main sections. The first was in terms of the usability characteristics to the acrostic developments in the acrostic grammar study. The second, based on the results of the questionnaire regarding the use of acrostic, research analyzed students’ main mistakes and their causes. The third was to observe the condition of teaching acrostic. This research is expected to help teachers and learners of Mandarin understand and overcome the difficulties in learning acrostic.

  6. Genetic and environmental influences on Chinese language and reading abilities

    OpenAIRE

    Bonnie Wing-Yin Chow; Connie Suk-Han Ho; Simpson Wai-Lap Wong; Waye, Mary M. Y.; Bishop, Dorothy V M

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the etiology of individual differences in Chinese language and reading skills in 312 typically developing Chinese twin pairs aged from 3 to 11 years (228 pairs of monozygotic twins and 84 pairs of dizygotic twins; 166 male pairs and 146 female pairs). Children were individually given tasks of Chinese word reading, receptive vocabulary, phonological memory, tone awareness, syllable and rhyme awareness, rapid automatized naming, morphological awareness and orthographic s...

  7. The Function and Significance of the Chinese Song in Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    展一筹

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, Chinese language and culture shows its amazing charm in the world and is strongly attracting foreign students to study in China. In order to meet the various needs of students, many universities set up long-term classes, various Chi⁃nese learning classes, short-term assault strengthen experience classes and interest classes, etc. With groups of students continue to expand, is the teaching of foreign language study becomes more and more important. The Chinese song conversion method can and should serve as an assistant for teaching Chinese as a foreign language.

  8. Dissimilation in the Second Language Acquisition of Mandarin Chinese Tones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hang

    2016-01-01

    This article extends Optimality Theoretic studies to the research on second language tone phonology. Specifically, this work analyses the acquisition of identical tone sequences in Mandarin Chinese by adult speakers of three non-tonal languages: English, Japanese and Korean. This study finds that the learners prefer not to use identical lexical…

  9. Dissimilation in the Second Language Acquisition of Mandarin Chinese Tones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hang

    2016-01-01

    This article extends Optimality Theoretic studies to the research on second language tone phonology. Specifically, this work analyses the acquisition of identical tone sequences in Mandarin Chinese by adult speakers of three non-tonal languages: English, Japanese and Korean. This study finds that the learners prefer not to use identical lexical…

  10. Ethnic Contestation and Language Policy in a Plural Society: The Chinese Language Movement in Malaysia, 1952-1967

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao Sua, Tan; Hooi See, Teoh

    2014-01-01

    The Chinese language movement was launched by the Chinese educationists to demand the recognition of Chinese as an official language to legitimise the status of Chinese education in the national education system in Malaysia. It began in 1952 as a response to the British attempt to establish national primary schools teaching in English and Malay to…

  11. Ethnic Contestation and Language Policy in a Plural Society: The Chinese Language Movement in Malaysia, 1952-1967

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao Sua, Tan; Hooi See, Teoh

    2014-01-01

    The Chinese language movement was launched by the Chinese educationists to demand the recognition of Chinese as an official language to legitimise the status of Chinese education in the national education system in Malaysia. It began in 1952 as a response to the British attempt to establish national primary schools teaching in English and Malay to…

  12. New Words Keep Emerging in Chinese Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙安

    2015-01-01

    It is generally acknowledged that language-change is universal,continuous,and,to very considerable extent,regular.The universality and continuity of the process of language-change is noted greatly.All living languages are subject to it.The core of language-change is lexical,and a language's vocabulary change proves to be more revolutionary for the language's slow evolu-tion.

  13. Variability in Chinese as a Foreign Language Learners' Development of the Chinese Numeral Classifier System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jie; Lu, Xiaofei

    2013-01-01

    This study examined variability in Chinese as a Foreign Language (CFL) learners' development of the Chinese numeral classifier system from a dynamic systems approach. Our data consisted of a longitudinal corpus of 657 essays written by CFL learners at lower and higher intermediate levels and a corpus of 100 essays written by native speakers (NSs)…

  14. Examining the English Language Policy for Ethnic Minority Students in a Chinese University: A Language Ideology and Language Regime Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Yawen; De Costa, Peter I.; Cui, Yaqiong

    2016-01-01

    We focus on the learning of English in a Chinese university in Jiangsu and the university's preferential language policy, which allowed Uyghur minority students from Xinjiang to be enrolled despite their lower scores in the entrance examination. Guided by the constructs of language ideologies [Kroskrity, P. V. (2000). "Regimes of language:…

  15. Comparing Local and International Chinese Students’ English Language Learning Strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margreat Aloysious Anthony

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available According to Horwitz (1987 learners’ belief about language learning are influenced by previous language learning experiences as well as cultural background. This study examined the English Language Learning Strategies between local and international Chinese students who share the same cultural background but have been exposed to different learning experiences. Given the significant number of local and international Chinese students enrolled in educational institutions, there is a need to understand the differences and similarities in the learning strategies of these two groups. The sample for the study comprised of 60 local and 50 international Chinese students currently enrolled at a local private college. The Oxford Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL was administered as a measure of learning strategy preferences. The study reveals that language learning experiences as well as socioeconomic status impact the learning strategy adopted by both local and international Chinese students. The findings of this study point to the need to address the needs of these students in order to enhance their English language learning experience in Malaysia.

  16. Identity Construction of Native Chinese Language Teachers in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Chun

    Abstract This study reports on a qualitative research that investigated how three native Chinese language teachers (NCLTs) constructed their teacher identity as they entered the initial teaching practice in Denmark. Drawing upon a framework that underlines the discursive nature of identity...... stages of their teacher identity construction showed the negotiation of past experiences, present perception, and future ideals in regard to Chinese language, pedagogy and context. Key words: Native Chinese language teachers, teacher identity, discourse analysis, narrative...... construction, and using in-depth interviews, a narrative approach was adopted to explore three beginning NCLTs’ identity trajectory as they crossed multiple boundaries from students in China, student teachers in China, to teachers in Denmark. The study suggests that the challenges the NCLTs faced at different...

  17. Chinese Students’Learning Styles & Strategies in the IELTS“Speaking & Writing”Preparation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Austin Liu

    2016-01-01

    The IELTS (International English Language Testing System) exam has enjoyed its popularity in China for over 30 years;still the number of the Chinese candidates is increasing. Undoubtedly, the stability and the scientificity of this testing sys-tem are acknowledged internationally. When it comes to sitting for the IELTS exam, however, the Chinese students often find it very difficult to achieve a band 7 in speaking and writing. The question is, however, why is getting a band 7 such a painful jour-ney for many Chinese IELTS candidates? This report will explore some of the underlying causes and propose possible solutions. Most importantly, the author will share some of his own teaching experience in the preparation of speaking and writing sections for Chinese IELTS candidates in terms of their learning styles and strategies in the IELTS study.

  18. Language and Culture Pedagogy for Motivating Chinese Learning Beginners in the Danish context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Du, Xiangyun; Bao, Rui; Egekvist, Ulla Egidiussen

    Paper presented at International conference: From the specific patterns of Chinese language to its teaching, 12-13 January 2012......Paper presented at International conference: From the specific patterns of Chinese language to its teaching, 12-13 January 2012...

  19. Language and Culture Pedagogy for Motivating Chinese Learning Beginners in the Danish context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Du, Xiangyun; Bao, Rui; Egekvist, Ulla Egidiussen

    Paper presented at International conference: From the specific patterns of Chinese language to its teaching, 12-13 January 2012......Paper presented at International conference: From the specific patterns of Chinese language to its teaching, 12-13 January 2012...

  20. Conceptions of Language Teaching of Chinese-Born Language Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Packevicz, Michael Joseph, Jr.

    2012-01-01

    In the educational world, there is a growing amount of scholarship directed toward China. Much Western writing has focused on the supposedly deficient aspects of Chinese education: rote memorization, large class size, teacher-centered methodology. While there are those who challenge the deficiency view of Chinese education--Watkins and Biggs, Jin…

  1. The Influence of Chinese Character Handwriting Diagnosis and Remedial Instruction System on Learners of Chinese as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsiao, Hsien-Sheng; Chang, Cheng-Sian; Chen, Chiao-Jia; Wu, Chia-Hou; Lin, Chien-Yu

    2015-01-01

    This study designed and developed a Chinese character handwriting diagnosis and remedial instruction (CHDRI) system to improve Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) learners' ability to write Chinese characters. The CFL learners were given two tests based on the CHDRI system. One test focused on Chinese character handwriting to diagnose the CFL…

  2. The Influence of Japanese Anime Language to Chinese Network Buzzwords

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cai Jin Chang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the influence of Japanese anime language to Chinese network buzzwords was studied, and the maturity and rigor were quoted. The Japanese anime language refined, creative can be so popular in the factors of psychologies also was analyzed. According to these studies, some suggestions were put forward that how to standardize the network buzzwords and how to raise its taste.

  3. Implementation of Task-based Language Teaching in Chinese as a Foreign Language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bao, Rui; Du, Xiangyun

    2015-01-01

    Task-based language teaching (TBLT) has been drawing increased attention from language teachers and researchers in the past decade. This paper focuses on the effects of TBLT on beginner learners of Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) in Denmark. Participatory observation and semi...... encountered challenges such as lack of Chinese pronunciation practice, difficulty in balancing learners’ different preferences for learning strategies, and a lack of sufficient instructional time support. Possibilities for improving TBLT and proposals are discussed. This study provides further evidence...... that TBLT is not a one-size-fits-all method, but rather interacts with various contextual factors in its application, and suggests that the features of the Chinese language need to be taken into consideration as well....

  4. LIST OF CHINESE DICTIONARIES IN ALL LANGUAGES. EXTERNAL RESEARCH PAPER.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of State, Washington, DC.

    A COMPILATION FROM LISTS OF DICTIONARIES USED BY SEVERAL U.S. GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS, THIS DOCUMENT INCLUDES THE TITLES OF AND INFORMATION CONCERNING DICTIONARIES COVERING OVER 25 TOPICS IN THE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL FIELDS, AND NUMEROUS AREAS OF ECONOMICS, AND POLITICAL, AND SOCIOLOGICAL TOPICS. MANY CHINESE-FOREIGN LANGUAGE DICTIONARIES ARE…

  5. Processing Relative Clauses in Chinese as a Second Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yi

    2014-01-01

    This project investigates second language (L2) learners' processing of four types of Chinese relative clauses crossing extraction types and demonstrative-classifier (DCl) positions. Using a word order judgment task with a whole-sentence reading technique, the study also discusses how psycholinguistic theories bear explanatory power in L2 data. An…

  6. Dyslexia in Chinese Language: An Overview of Research and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Kevin K. H.; Ho, Connie S. H.

    2010-01-01

    Dyslexia appears to be the most prevalent disability of students with special educational needs in many mainstream classes, affecting around 9.7% of the school population in Hong Kong. The education of these students is therefore of great concern to the community. In the present paper research into dyslexia in the Chinese language is briefly…

  7. Dyslexia in Chinese Language: An Overview of Research and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Kevin K. H.; Ho, Connie S. H.

    2010-01-01

    Dyslexia appears to be the most prevalent disability of students with special educational needs in many mainstream classes, affecting around 9.7% of the school population in Hong Kong. The education of these students is therefore of great concern to the community. In the present paper research into dyslexia in the Chinese language is briefly…

  8. Korean Student Chinese Language Speech Contest Winners Visit China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>A21-member delegation of winners of the Korean high school student Chinese language speech contest made a China tour from February 16 to 21.On the morning of February 17, CPAFFC Vice President Feng Zuoku met with the

  9. Asian Languages Library Materials: Chinese, Pilipino, Vietnamese Bibliographies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Vivian; Yeh, Irene

    The core collections listed in these annotated bibliographies are designed for use by medium-sized public libraries in either creating or expanding Chinese, Vietnamese, or Philippine language collections. The majority of titles for adult and juvenile fiction and non-fiction are given without transliteration. Prices given in the annotations reflect…

  10. Invisible and Visible Language Planning: Ideological Factors in the Family Language Policy of Chinese Immigrant Families in Quebec

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curdt-Christiansen, Xiao Lan

    2009-01-01

    This ethnographic inquiry examines how family languages policies are planned and developed in ten Chinese immigrant families in Quebec, Canada, with regard to their children's language and literacy education in three languages, Chinese, English, and French. The focus is on how multilingualism is perceived and valued, and how these three languages…

  11. Engaging a "Truly Foreign" Language and Culture: China through Chinese Film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ning, Cynthia

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author shares how she uses Chinese film in her Chinese language and culture classes. She demonstrates how Chinese films can help students "navigate the uncharted universe of Chinese culture" with reference to several contemporary Chinese films. She describes how intensive viewing of films can develop a deeper and more nuanced…

  12. Chinese Language Video Clips. [CD-ROM].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Stephen; Hipley, David; Ning, Cynthia

    This compact disc includes video clips covering six topics for the learner of Chinese: personal information, commercial transactions, travel and leisure, health and sports, food and school. Filmed on location in Beijing, these naturalistic video clips consist mainly of unrehearsed interviews of ordinary people. The learner is lead through a series…

  13. Scientific psychology within the Chinese language and cultural context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Heyong

    2006-01-01

    The Scientific Psychology that was founded by Wilhelm Wundt appeared in China in the late nineteenth century. The scholars translated the name of psychology into Chinese as Xin-Li-Xue, for which the meaning of the words looks like "heartology," i.e., "the study of the heart." In Chinese, the same core structure related to "heart" (Xin) is found in most of the terms of psychology, such as emotion, thinking, will, forgetting, and memory. By translating Xin as "heart" instead of "mind," we maintain an embodied approach to understanding the "principles of the heart." Through a historical approach to the influence of Western psychology, a cultural analysis of the meaning of the term psychology in Chinese, and a focus on the meeting of Eastern and Western psychology, we can witness the significance of psychology in the Chinese language and cultural context. I will use three parts to present psychology in the Chinese cultural context: the origins of Chinese psychology, from a historical approach; the meaning of "psychology" in Chinese, using a cultural analysis; and the meeting of Eastern and Western psychology, focusing on the development and future.

  14. An Iterative Algorithm to Build Chinese Language Models

    CERN Document Server

    Luo, X; Luo, Xiaoqiang; Roukos, Salim

    1996-01-01

    We present an iterative procedure to build a Chinese language model (LM). We segment Chinese text into words based on a word-based Chinese language model. However, the construction of a Chinese LM itself requires word boundaries. To get out of the chicken-and-egg problem, we propose an iterative procedure that alternates two operations: segmenting text into words and building an LM. Starting with an initial segmented corpus and an LM based upon it, we use a Viterbi-liek algorithm to segment another set of data. Then, we build an LM based on the second set and use the resulting LM to segment again the first corpus. The alternating procedure provides a self-organized way for the segmenter to detect automatically unseen words and correct segmentation errors. Our preliminary experiment shows that the alternating procedure not only improves the accuracy of our segmentation, but discovers unseen words surprisingly well. The resulting word-based LM has a perplexity of 188 for a general Chinese corpus.

  15. An Ethnographic Study of Chinese Heritage Language Education and Technological Innovations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minjuan Wang

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Research has increasingly uncovered the cognitive, cultural, and economic advantages of bilingualism and the positive impact of heritage language on children's second language acquisition (M:cLaughlin, 1995. As one type of heritage language education organizations, Chinese language schools have been in existence for decades in the U.S., but their practices have remained informal and not readily accessible to people from other cultures. In order to bridge this gap, this ethnographic study illustrates family and community involvement in promoting language proficiency in heritage language populations and explores language education methods practiced in Chinese community language schools in an urban Southern California area. The study examines the intricate issues affecting heritage language learning and explores the potential uses of technology in assisting young learners in acquiring their heritage language (Chinese. In addition, the study generates guidelines for adapting existing technology-assisted language programs (e.g., the Chinese Cultural Crystals for instructional uses.

  16. Selected Translated Abstracts of Chinese-Language Climate Change Publications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cushman, R.M.; Burtis, M.D.

    1999-05-01

    This report contains English-translated abstracts of important Chinese-language literature concerning global climate change for the years 1995-1998. This body of literature includes the topics of adaptation, ancient climate change, climate variation, the East Asia monsoon, historical climate change, impacts, modeling, and radiation and trace-gas emissions. In addition to the biological citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Chinese. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  17. Impact of English-language Proficiency on Chinese Expatriates’ Adjustment to Overseas Assignments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu, Xiaofei

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available With the emergence of Chinese multinationals, increasingly large number of Chinese expatriates work overseas. However, little research has been conducted to investigate Chinese expatriates’ adjustment to overseas assignments. Drawing on prior studies in the areas of linguistics, communication, and business, the current study examines the impact of the English-language proficiency on the Chinese expatriates’ adjustment to overseas assignments.A Chinese multinational in the information technology industry, Company ABC, was selected as a subject company. Quantitative research method was adopted. The quantitative data were collected through a survey of 190 Chinese expatriates from Company ABC. Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient was performed to examine the relationships between English-language proficiency and variables related to the Chinese Expatriates’ Adjustment to Overseas Assignments. The findings show that English-language proficiency was found to enhance Chinese expatriates’ adjustment moderately. Moreover, further analysis indicates that different type of English-language proficiency affects different aspect of Chinese expatriates’ adjustment.

  18. Chinese Cultural Education in Post-Colonial Hong Kong: Primary School Chinese Language Teachers' Belief and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwan, Ming Kai Marko

    2010-01-01

    Before 1997, no formal curriculum on Chinese cultural education for primary schools was developed in Hong Kong although the education authority had started to introduce some items of Chinese cultural learning into the Chinese language syllabus when the Target Oriented Curriculum was implemented in 1996. However, such items were incorporated into…

  19. Teaching Chinese Culture and Language with Postage Stamps

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    K.C. Leung

    2000-01-01

    @@ While several articles have long been published on using stamps to teach French,German, and Spanish, I have yet to see one relating to the teaching of Chinese. As a vehicle for communicating a country's current and past values (cultural, political, social, economic,linguistic), stamps can play an important role in the culture and language class -- if only because they stimulate interest and heighten motivation by projecting images of a country's culture,politics, and language. But there is much more: stamps could serve as focal points for a class discussion; they could shed light on government priorities; they could be the subject of cultural quizzes and exercises for language practice; they could be assigned as research subjects. They are, after all, official documents and authentic cultural artifacts themselves. This paper examines the ways in which stamps can serve the teaching of various aspects of culture and language. For the purpose of teaching Chinese, one could use stamps from China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macau. Together, these stamps cover the full range of cultural domains: geography, archaeology,history and politics, language and literature, arts and architecture, science, patterns for daily living,symbolism, myths and culture heroes, etc. I will use these headings in my discussion. Unless otherwise stated, the stamps referred to below were issued in the People's Republic of China (with dates or official serial numbers in brackets).

  20. The Differences between Chinese and American Language and Culture and Its Implications for College Language Teaching and Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斌花

    2013-01-01

    Chinese and American language and culture differ from each other in five ways as Hypotactic language vs. Paratactic language, Analytical thinking vs. Synthetic thinking, Direct thinking vs. Indirect thinking, Individualism vs. Collectivism and Eth-ics-based vs. Legislation-based. Their implications for college language teaching and learning are worth our attention.

  1. Ontology development for unified traditional Chinese medical language system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xuezhong; Wu, Zhaohui; Yin, Aining; Wu, Lancheng; Fan, Weiyu; Zhang, Ruen

    2004-09-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) as a complete knowledge system researches into human health conditions via a different approach compared to orthodox medicine. We are developing a unified traditional Chinese medical language system (UTCMLS) through an ontology approach that will support TCM language knowledge storage, concept-based information retrieval and information integration. UTCMLS is a huge knowledge project, which is a broad collaboration of 16 distributed groups, most of them with no prior experience of formal ontology development. Therefore, the cooperative and comprehensive ontology engineering is crucial. We use Protégé 2000 for ontology development of concepts and relationships that represent the domain and that will permit storage of TCM knowledge. This paper focuses on the methodology, design and development of ontology for UTCMLS.

  2. On the Language Direction in Chinese/ English Simultaneous Interpreting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建平; 石新民

    2012-01-01

    This study was designed to analyze specifically the impact of language direction on professional Chinese/English interpreters' performance and strategy use through their experience of simultaneous interpreting in different language directions. Simultaneous interpreting (SI) is a kind of translation that constituted by orally translating the message heard in one language into another language immediately and continuously, and at the meanwhile the message will not stop being produced. The unique characteristics of simultaneous interpretation and the various factors that will have great impact on the procession and performance of Chinese/English SI were taken into discussion. It should be noted that unlike in daily communication situations, comprehension and production are often overlapping in simultaneous interpreting. Concurrent comprehension of the source language and production of the target language is perhaps the most unique characteristic of the SI task. Drawn from the effort model proposed by Gile, simultaneous interpreting is accomplished by the sharing of four major efforts: listening and analyzing, production, memory, and coordination. In other words, while a comprehension problem will have a negative effect on production, a production problem also has consequences for comprehension. In this study I illustrate arguments for interpreting of LI to L2 and L2 to LI language respectively, described the studies about interpreters'strategy use and the relationship between language direction and SI strategy use. Interpreters'performance of simultaneous interpreting in different directions was determined by a few factors, including the context, personal factors, and interpreting norms. Studies showed that professional interpreters who must interpret regularly and simultaneously in both directions may develop strategic approaches to meet the dif- ferent demands of A - to - B and B - to - A interpreting. Strategy use can be defined in this study as any

  3. Teaching Chinese Film in an Advanced Language Class

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luying Chen

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Instructors often face a dilemma when using film in language classes. While film is appealing for the rich cultural and linguistic information it offers, finding the balance between teaching content and building language skills can present significant challenges for an instructor. Common approaches to using film in courses taught in English, such as screening one film a week, reading critical essays about the films, and class discussions and lectures, seldom offer the same benefits in a foreign language course due to the fact that students with only three years of foreign language study frequently lack the language skills necessary to discuss films in a foreign language. Yanfang Tang and Qianghai Chen, authors of the textbook 'Advanced Chinese: Intention, Strategy, & Communication '(2005, have argued that “[n]either interpreting textual meanings nor decoding linguistic patterns leads naturally to the productive skills needed” for communicating in the target language at the advanced level. They further suggest that “practice, in a conscious but meaningful way is the key to successful transformation of input knowledge into productive output skills.”

  4. Genetic and environmental influences on Chinese language and reading abilities.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonnie Wing-Yin Chow

    Full Text Available This study investigated the etiology of individual differences in Chinese language and reading skills in 312 typically developing Chinese twin pairs aged from 3 to 11 years (228 pairs of monozygotic twins and 84 pairs of dizygotic twins; 166 male pairs and 146 female pairs. Children were individually given tasks of Chinese word reading, receptive vocabulary, phonological memory, tone awareness, syllable and rhyme awareness, rapid automatized naming, morphological awareness and orthographic skills, and Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices. All analyses controlled for the effects of age. There were moderate to substantial genetic influences on word reading, tone awareness, phonological memory, morphological awareness and rapid automatized naming (estimates ranged from .42 to .73, while shared environment exerted moderate to strong effects on receptive vocabulary, syllable and rhyme awareness and orthographic skills (estimates ranged from .35 to .63. Results were largely unchanged when scores were adjusted for nonverbal reasoning as well as age. Findings of this study are mostly similar to those found for English, a language with very different characteristics, and suggest the universality of genetic and environmental influences across languages.

  5. Genetic and environmental influences on Chinese language and reading abilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, Bonnie Wing-Yin; Ho, Connie Suk-Han; Wong, Simpson Wai-Lap; Waye, Mary M Y; Bishop, Dorothy V M

    2011-02-10

    This study investigated the etiology of individual differences in Chinese language and reading skills in 312 typically developing Chinese twin pairs aged from 3 to 11 years (228 pairs of monozygotic twins and 84 pairs of dizygotic twins; 166 male pairs and 146 female pairs). Children were individually given tasks of Chinese word reading, receptive vocabulary, phonological memory, tone awareness, syllable and rhyme awareness, rapid automatized naming, morphological awareness and orthographic skills, and Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices. All analyses controlled for the effects of age. There were moderate to substantial genetic influences on word reading, tone awareness, phonological memory, morphological awareness and rapid automatized naming (estimates ranged from .42 to .73), while shared environment exerted moderate to strong effects on receptive vocabulary, syllable and rhyme awareness and orthographic skills (estimates ranged from .35 to .63). Results were largely unchanged when scores were adjusted for nonverbal reasoning as well as age. Findings of this study are mostly similar to those found for English, a language with very different characteristics, and suggest the universality of genetic and environmental influences across languages.

  6. Acquisition of Compound Words in Chinese-English Bilingual Children: Decomposition and Cross-Language Activation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Chenxi; Wang, Min; Perfetti, Charles A.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated compound processing and cross-language activation in a group of Chinese-English bilingual children, and they were divided into four groups based on the language proficiency levels in their two languages. A lexical decision task was designed using compound words in both languages. The compound words in one language contained…

  7. Foreign Language Reading Anxiety in a Chinese as a Foreign Language Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jing

    2017-01-01

    This study examined the foreign language (FL) reading anxiety level of learners of Chinese as a FL (n = 76) in the United States. Data from an FL reading anxiety survey, a background information survey and a face-to-face interview indicated that there was no significant difference in reading anxiety level among four course levels. In general,…

  8. An Investigation Into Second Language Aptitude for Advanced Chinese Language Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winke, Paula

    2013-01-01

    In this study I examine the construct of aptitude in learning Chinese as a second language (L2) to an advanced level. I test 2 hypotheses: first, that L2 aptitude comprises 4 components--working memory, rote memory, grammatical sensitivity, and phonemic coding ability--and second, that L2 aptitude affects learning both directly and indirectly…

  9. Language-specific memory for everyday arithmetic facts in Chinese-English bilinguals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yalin; Yanke, Jill; Campbell, Jamie I D

    2016-04-01

    The role of language in memory for arithmetic facts remains controversial. Here, we examined transfer of memory training for evidence that bilinguals may acquire language-specific memory stores for everyday arithmetic facts. Chinese-English bilingual adults (n = 32) were trained on different subsets of simple addition and multiplication problems. Each operation was trained in one language or the other. The subsequent test phase included all problems with addition and multiplication alternating across trials in two blocks, one in each language. Averaging over training language, the response time (RT) gains for trained problems relative to untrained problems were greater in the trained language than in the untrained language. Subsequent analysis showed that English training produced larger RT gains for trained problems relative to untrained problems in English at test relative to the untrained Chinese language. In contrast, there was no evidence with Chinese training that problem-specific RT gains differed between Chinese and the untrained English language. We propose that training in Chinese promoted a translation strategy for English arithmetic (particularly multiplication) that produced strong cross-language generalization of practice, whereas training in English strengthened relatively weak, English-language arithmetic memories and produced little generalization to Chinese (i.e., English training did not induce an English translation strategy for Chinese language trials). The results support the existence of language-specific strengthening of memory for everyday arithmetic facts.

  10. Preparation of activated carbons from Chinese coal and hydrolysis lignin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zou, Y.; Han, B.X. [Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL (USA). School of Engineering, Dept. of Chemical Engineering

    2001-07-01

    Activated carbons from Chinese coal and Chinese hydrolysis lignin have been prepared by chemical activation with potassium hydroxide. The following aspects of these activated materials have been analyzed: raw material; pre-treatment of raw material; activation agent, activation temperature and time, acid the activation agent/raw material ratio. Activated carbons with BET specific surface areas of the order of 2400-2600 m{sup 2}/g which exhibited substantial microporosity, a total pore volume of over 1.30 cm{sup 3}/g and a Methylene Blue adsorption capacity of over 440 mg/g were obtained.

  11. Mandarin Chinese as a Heritage Language: A Case Study of U.S.-born Taiwanese

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    To date, there have been no major studies that assess how proficiently U.S.-born Taiwanese speak Mandarin and read Chinese, their heritage language (HL) and what factors contribute to such proficiency. Mandarin refers to the language spoken by the majority of Chinese people around the world and Chinese refers to the written script. This study investigates how well U.S.-born Taiwanese speak Mandarin and read Chinese as their HL, and also analyzes the factors that contribute to their proficienc...

  12. Preparing Dual Language Teachers to Educate English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craft-Coleman, Sylvia L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative embedded multiple case study was to explore the teaching strategies, skills, and knowledge received from English language learner professional development (ELLPD) trainings and seminars and how the application of ELLPD content affected communication with English language learners in the mainstream classroom. The…

  13. Learning and Teaching Chinese Language and Culture in Dublin: Attitudes and Expectations

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Yiling

    2009-01-01

    In response to a world-wide tide of Chinese language learning, educational institutions in Ireland have begun, in the last five years, to put in place degree courses and an increasing number of classes for the teaching of Chinese. It is helpful to understand the attitudes and expectations of students and teachers concerning the learning and teaching of Chinese language and culture in an Irish teaching environment. Language is part of a particular culture. The learning and acquisition of a tar...

  14. Foreign Languages: Early Language Learning, Standards for Teacher Preparation, National Security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poliakoff, Anne Rogers, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This collection of papers makes the case for early and sustained foreign language education as part of the core K-12 curriculum, and for training teachers prepared to create such an education for their students. "Early Language Learning: A National Necessity" (Christine L. Brown), discusses the importance of early language learning, resources for…

  15. Speech-Language Pathology: Preparing Early Interventionists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prelock, Patricia A.; Deppe, Janet

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explain the role of speech-language pathology in early intervention. The expected credentials of professionals in the field are described, and the current numbers of practitioners serving young children are identified. Several resource documents available from the American Speech-­Language Hearing Association are…

  16. Preparing Language Teachers for Blended Teaching of Summary Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yu-Fen

    2014-01-01

    Research on preparing language teachers for blended teaching of summary writing, a mix of on-site and online instruction for college students to grasp the gist of the texts, is scarce in higher education. This study examined the problems encountered and solutions proposed by six language teachers, who altogether instructed 214 college students on…

  17. Preparing Language Teachers for Blended Teaching of Summary Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yu-Fen

    2014-01-01

    Research on preparing language teachers for blended teaching of summary writing, a mix of on-site and online instruction for college students to grasp the gist of the texts, is scarce in higher education. This study examined the problems encountered and solutions proposed by six language teachers, who altogether instructed 214 college students on…

  18. Reflections on Teaching Chinese Language Films at American Colleges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haili Kong

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available “Film Studies” has become one of the fastest developing disciplines at liberal arts colleges in the United States since the early 1990s. Many factors have contributed to the growth of this new teaching field, among which is the fact that new generations of college students are more accustomed than ever before to visual learning due to the influence of media technology. Also with the growth of global studies, “film” is widely used as “cultural text” through which students learn about other national histories, cultures, and customs in a visualized way that is different from conventional text-reading. Chinese language cinema, with perspectives and content distinctive from Western films, has become an innovative point in the development of Chinese studies curricula. China’s fast-paced economic development and the emergence of the Chinese cinematic movements (so-called “New Waves” of the mid-1980s have also played critical roles in drawing increased attention to Chinese cinema in classrooms in the United States.

  19. FACTORS AFFECTING RESULT IN CHINESE PROFICIENCY TEST (HSK LEVEL 6: READING SECTION AND PREPARATION STRATEGIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Haryanti

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Chinese Proficiency Test (HSK is an internationally standardized exam which tests and rates Chinese language proficiency. The highest level in this test is level 6. The writing part of the test consists of 3 (three parts, namely, (1 listening, (2 reading, (3 writing. Furthermore, the reading part is made of 4 components. Level 6 of this test implies a high degree of difficulty. This paper specifically looked on how to prepare effectively for participants to be able to work on the reading part in order to achieve best result. This article used the methods of literature review and observational study as well as field research and would also incorporate the author’s personal experience in taking the test into recommending strategies for doing the reading part in a level 6 HSK test. Finally, research suggested several techniques and tips that might assist participants in achieving maximum scores in handling the reading part of level 6 HSK test.

  20. FACTORS AFFECTING RESULT IN CHINESE PROFICIENCY TEST (HSK LEVEL 6 READING SECTION AND PREPARATION STRATEGIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Haryanti

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Chinese proficiency test (HSK is an internationally standardized exam which tests and rates Chinese language proficiency. The highest level in this test is level 6. The writing part of the test consists of 3 (three parts, namely, (1 listening, (2 reading, (3 writing. Furthermore, the reading part is made of 4 components. Level 6 of this test implies a high degree of difficulty. This paper specifically looked on how to prepare effectively for participants to be able to work on the reading part in order to achieve best result. This article used the methods of literature review and observational study as well as field research and would also incorporate the authors personal experience in taking the test into recommending strategies for doing the reading part in a level 6 HSK test. Finally, research suggested several techniques and tips that might assist participants in achieving maximum scores in handling the reading part of level 6 HSK test.

  1. Stability in Chinese and Malay heritage languages as a source of divergence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aalberse, S.; Moro, F.; Braunmüller, K.; Höder, S.; Kühl, K.

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses Malay and Chinese heritage languages as spoken in the Netherlands. Heritage speakers are dominant in another language and use their heritage language less. Moreover, they have qualitatively and quantitatively different input from monolinguals. Heritage languages are often desc

  2. Towards Homogeneity in Home Languages: Malay, Chinese Foochow and Indian Tamil Families in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ting, Su-Hie; Mahadhir, Mahanita

    2009-01-01

    This preliminary study examines the languages used by parents with their children in Malay, Chinese Foochow and Indian Tamil families to find out how the similarity or dissimilarity in parents' ethnic language influenced the choice of language transmitted to children and how far standard languages have permeated the family domain in Kuching City…

  3. A STUDY OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE ANXIETY AMONG CHINESE COLLEGE STUDENTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仇迪

    2012-01-01

      The aims of this paper are to determine whether English language anxiety in Chinese college students affects their learning of English, to identify what these effects are, and to discover strategies for countering such anxiety. A brief review of literature on the previous studies of English language anxiety was conducted. A second review of literature relating to definitions, classifications, causes of these anxieties, and relations with other variables was also conducted. Through a review of the literature, the corresponding countermeasures of anxiety were summarized and a variety of recommendations were provided: 1) create a relaxing and pleasant learning atmosphere, 2) increase learners’ self-confidence, 3) reduce learners’ test anxiety, and 4) adopt cooperative learning in the English class.

  4. FIGURATIVE EXPRESSION IN PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS OF RUSSIAN AND CHINESE LANGUAGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Jin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the functional description of figurative expression in the phraseological units of Russian and Chinese languages. Metaphor is able to provide re-examination of the knowable through conscious and recorded as the value of a linguistic unit – metaphor for linguistic objective environmental object of conscious vision of reality. Phraseology as one of the «antropoemkih» sections of the linguistics with the language of phrasebook – as mirror, in which the community identifies Lingvokulturnaja their national identity. Proverbs and idioms literally difficult to precisely translate into others languages, because their value is based on the nationally-specific manner. A characteristic feature of phraseology is a «figurative situational motivation, which is directly linked to the worldview of the people – a native speaker, mediastinum cultural connotations, which is its figurative base. Every culture develops its own symbolic language and its image of the world in which his unit gets its value. Shaped spheres attention is drawn to the characters as cultural semantics is mostly symbolic. The symbol can be attributed to the stereotype phenomena characteristic for any culture. 

  5. Designing between Pedagogies and Cultures: Audio-Visual Chinese Language Resources for Australian Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Yifeng; Shen, Huizhong

    2016-01-01

    This design-based study examines the creation and development of audio-visual Chinese language teaching and learning materials for Australian schools by incorporating users' feedback and content writers' input that emerged in the designing process. Data were collected from workshop feedback of two groups of Chinese-language teachers from primary…

  6. Three Discussions in Teaching and Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕师瑶

    2014-01-01

    During these decades, learning Chinese has been a heated point in the foreign language teaching and learning. Due to this situation, I suggest to discuss three questions which are related to Chinese language teaching for beginners, they are about whether foreigners can and should learn literacy;whether to teach both pinyin and characters and what to teach first.

  7. A Comprehensive Evaluation of a K-5 Chinese Language Immersion Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, Shoufen

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation was designed to provide a comprehensive data-driven evaluation of a Chinese language Immersion Program (CIP) for the stakeholders. CIP was implemented in 2006 with a goal for students to become proficient in the Chinese language and develop increased cultural awareness while reaching at least the same level of academic…

  8. Humanistic Content in the Chinese Language Textbooks for Nine Year Compulsory Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xiao; Sargent, Tanja

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we employ quantitative and qualitative content analysis to investigate the nature of humanistic value content in the Chinese language arts curriculum and whether or not this varies across old and new versions of the textbooks. Our findings illustrate the various dimensions of humanistic value content in the Chinese language arts…

  9. Relationships between Reading Comprehension and Its Components in Young Chinese-as-a-Second-Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Yu Ka

    2017-01-01

    Based on the Simple View of Reading model, this study examines the relationships among Chinese reading comprehension and its two componential processes, Chinese character reading and listening comprehension, in young learners of Chinese as a second language (CSL) using a longitudinal design. Using relevant measures, a sample of 142 senior primary…

  10. Eye Movements of Second Language Learners when Reading Spaced and Unspaced Chinese Text

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Deli; Liversedge, Simon P.; Tian, Jin; Zang, Chuanli; Cui, Lei; Bai, Xuejun; Yan, Guoli; Rayner, Keith

    2012-01-01

    The effect of spacing in relation to word segmentation was examined for four groups of non-native Chinese speakers (American, Korean, Japanese, and Thai) who were learning Chinese as second language. Chinese sentences with four types of spacing information were used: unspaced text, word-spaced text, character-spaced text, and nonword-spaced text.…

  11. How the Whole Language Approach Using Predictable Strategies Motivates Bilingual Children Learning To Read and Write Chinese as a Second Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Ya-Chen

    In recent years, the rate of Chinese immigrants to the United States has been increasing. Chinese parents desire that their Chinese-American children learn Chinese as a second language. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects on four American-born Chinese children when the researcher, as an instructor, employed whole language…

  12. Preparation of oligosaccharides from Chinese yam and their antioxidant activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yi-Feng; Zhu, Qin; Wu, Shengjun

    2015-04-15

    In the present study, the oligosaccharides from Chinese yam were prepared by hydrolysis with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which can cleave the glycosidic bonds in polysaccharides. The hydrolysis conditions were optimised by using a central composite design (CCD) as follows: reaction time 4.02 h, temperature 84.35 °C, and H2O2 concentration 2.46%, under which the yield of Chinese yam derived oligosaccharides (CYOs) reached 11.73%, which was consistent with the predicted yield by analysis of the results of CCD (11.89%). The CYOs products were partially characterised by chemical component and Fourier transform infrared spectrum. The CYOs scavenged hydroxyl radical by 89.05% at the concentration of 100 μg/mL, indicating that the CYOs may be a viable option for use as a food antioxidant. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Long-term experience with Chinese language shapes the fusiform asymmetry of English reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mei, Leilei; Xue, Gui; Lu, Zhong-Lin; Chen, Chuansheng; Wei, Miao; He, Qinghua; Dong, Qi

    2015-04-15

    Previous studies have suggested differential engagement of the bilateral fusiform gyrus in the processing of Chinese and English. The present study tested the possibility that long-term experience with Chinese language affects the fusiform laterality of English reading by comparing three samples: Chinese speakers, English speakers with Chinese experience, and English speakers without Chinese experience. We found that, when reading words in their respective native language, Chinese and English speakers without Chinese experience differed in functional laterality of the posterior fusiform region (right laterality for Chinese speakers, but left laterality for English speakers). More importantly, compared with English speakers without Chinese experience, English speakers with Chinese experience showed more recruitment of the right posterior fusiform cortex for English words and pseudowords, which is similar to how Chinese speakers processed Chinese. These results suggest that long-term experience with Chinese shapes the fusiform laterality of English reading and have important implications for our understanding of the cross-language influences in terms of neural organization and of the functions of different fusiform subregions in reading. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. [Present situation and development strategies of Chinese medicine preparation in medical institutions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jie; Qiao, Xi-Yao; Lin, Fei

    2015-11-01

    As the actual clinical reflecting of transform Chinese medicine special curative effect, Chinese medicine preparation not only satisfies the need of hospital clinic, scientific research and teaching, but also plays an important role in deepening medical and health system reform, improving people's health level and contributing to the economic growth. However, some problems about administration and approval (tending to western medicine), contraction of the scale, lack of synchronization for clinic and scientific research, and the imbalance of regional development make Chinese medicine preparation move forwards slowly in contradiction. It has not only reduced the effectiveness of the Chinese medicine preparation in hospital clinic, but also brought bad effect on modernized development of Chinese medicine preparation. Research shows that main influencing factors of status quo of Chinese medicine preparation in medical institution include imperfect laws and regulations, high cost than income, and shortage of talents in preparation research. The analysis indicated that the necessary measures to break the contradiction, improve clinical effect of Chinese medicine, and promote the modernization development of Chinese drugs preparation were as follows: government and related departments should strengthen the supporting force in policy by adjusting the examination and approval policy, speeding up dispensing use, reforming pricing system, including into medicare reimbursement, integrating advantage resources and so on; medical institution should actively carry out research and development of traditional Chinese Medicine through drawing the traditional and modern essence, reserving professional talents, and developing characteristic preparation; companies cooperate with hospitals for complementary advantages, which can rapidly transform Chinese medicine preparation into clinical practice.

  15. Preparing Business Language Students to Meet Employer Needs

    OpenAIRE

    Lear, Darcy

    2012-01-01

    Situated within the growing body of work on languages for specific purposes and community service-learning, this article explores the place of specific professional skills in the business language curriculum. It argues that the integration of explicit curricular content related to professional correspondence (emails, letter of recommendation requests, and cover letter content) will better prepare students for the work place without compromising the rigor of the traditional humanities discipli...

  16. Home Literacy Environment and English Language and Literacy Skills among Chinese Young Children Who Learn English as a Second Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeung, Susanna S.; King, Ronnel B.

    2016-01-01

    The present study explored the home literacy environment for Chinese ESL kindergarteners and examined the relationships between home literacy practices and language and literacy skills. Ninety Hong Kong Chinese ESL kindergarteners were assessed for English vocabulary, phonological awareness, letter knowledge and word reading. Their parents…

  17. Home Literacy Environment and English Language and Literacy Skills among Chinese Young Children Who Learn English as a Second Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeung, Susanna S.; King, Ronnel B.

    2016-01-01

    The present study explored the home literacy environment for Chinese ESL kindergarteners and examined the relationships between home literacy practices and language and literacy skills. Ninety Hong Kong Chinese ESL kindergarteners were assessed for English vocabulary, phonological awareness, letter knowledge and word reading. Their parents…

  18. Cracking the Chinese Character: Radical Sensitivity in Learners of Chinese as a Foreign Language and Its Relationship to Chinese Word Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Xiuli; Yip, Joanna Hew Yan

    2015-01-01

    Radicals are building blocks of Chinese complex characters and exhibit certain positional, phonological and semantic regularities. This study investigated whether adult non-native learners of Mandarin Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) were aware of the positional (orthographic), phonological and semantic information of radicals, and whether such…

  19. Synaesthesia in a logographic language: the colouring of Chinese characters and Pinyin/Bopomo spellings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simner, Julia; Hung, Wan-Yu; Shillcock, Richard

    2011-12-01

    Studies of linguistic synaesthesias in English have shown a range of fine-grained language mechanisms governing the associations between colours on the one hand, and graphemes, phonemes and words on the other. However, virtually nothing is known about how synaesthetic colouring might operate in non-alphabetic systems. The current study shows how synaesthetic speakers of Mandarin Chinese come to colour the logographic units of their language. Both native and non-native Chinese speakers experienced synaesthetic colours for characters, and for words spelled in the Chinese spelling systems of Pinyin and Bopomo. We assessed the influences of lexical tone and Pinyin/Bopomo spelling and showed that synaesthetic colours are assigned to Chinese words in a non-random fashion. Our data show that Chinese-speaking synaesthetes with very different native languages can exhibit both differences and similarities in the ways in which they come to colour their Chinese words.

  20. Training Pre-Service Chinese Language Teachers to Create Instructional Video to Enhance Classroom Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lih-Ching Chen; Wang, Ming-Chian Ken

    2014-01-01

    Foreign language instruction is a complex and challenging task made even more so by situations in which the learner's native language is radically different from the foreign language being mastered. Nowhere is this more evident than in the case of native English speakers seeking to learn Mandarin Chinese. The rapid increase in the availability and…

  1. Development and Evaluation of a Tactical Mandarin Chinese Language Course. Technical Report No. 65-15.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garvey, Catherine; Rocklyn, Eugene H.

    To meet the need for a short, self-instructional, tactical language course in a Far Eastern tonal language of potential military significance, a course in Mandarin Chinese was developed by adapting the methods described in Subtask CONTACT II with reference to a European language (Russian). The purpose of the course was to enable combat soldiers to…

  2. Learning Chinese as a Heritage Language in Australia and Beyond: The Role of Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mu, Guanglun Michael

    2014-01-01

    The benefits of learning and retaining heritage languages are well documented in the literature. Chinese heritage language learners' commitment to their heritage language learning has gained significant research ground in social psychological and post-structural schools, with empirical evidence predominantly emerging from the North American…

  3. The Use of Textual Memorisation in Foreign Language Learning: Hearing the Chinese Learner and Teacher Voice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Xia

    2014-01-01

    Textual memorisation is a widely used yet underexplored language practice in foreign language teaching and learning in China. The research addresses the need for a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of the practices and beliefs of Chinese learners regarding the use of textual memorisation in foreign language learning. This article reports on…

  4. The Necessity to Redefine Chinese Second Language Learners: A Victorian Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Meara, Gary

    2014-01-01

    In language learning, there is much evidence to suggest that heritage language (HL) learners exhibit learning needs and profiles that are distinct from non-HL learners. In the case of Chinese language teaching in Victoria, this issue is particularly pronounced because of the loose eligibility criterion that divides students into the streams of…

  5. Literature Review of the Reasons of Chinese Master Students ’Language Choices in UK Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Qian

    2016-01-01

    As one of the challenges that international students face during their study in a foreign country, language has been more and more of concern. The aim of this literature review is to know the reasons of Chinese master students’language choices in UK universities. In this paper the reasons of language choices, and the gaps between previous and present research are discussed.

  6. Cultural Effects on Language in Use——A Comparison between Chinese and English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张珍珍

    2008-01-01

    Language is the presentation of culture,and culture is expressed through the actual use of language."This paper analyses the differences between Chinese and English language from a pragmatic perspective resulted from the cultural differences between China and the Western countries.

  7. English Language Learning Strategy Use by Chinese Senior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yaping

    2010-01-01

    Language learning strategies are important factors that affect students' learning. In China, senior high school is an important stage in a person's education. This study examines the English language learning strategy use by Chinese senior high school students by means of the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning. The findings reveal that…

  8. How to Improve Pragmatic Competence of Students Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Chun

    tasks is how to improve the pragmatic competence in Chinese language for the 'advanced' students. The solution to the task is to develop language skills in the course of focusing on thinking about Chinese and cultures. This paper takes teaching practice and teaching examples as starting points......  It is not an easy task for teachers to teach Chinese as a foreign language to the students who have completed the foundation levels of Chinese language and are embarking on more specialized work. The level of these students can be roughly characterized as 'advanced'. One of the most challenging......, elucidating the instructional framework in how to design warm-up activities for students, the theoretical basis of teaching, as well as design focus from the perspective of cognitive science. Aiming at the students at advanced level, the design of warm-up activities should not only emphasize language points...

  9. Brier Study on the Translation of Chinese Vulgarism Language into English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余娜

    2009-01-01

    Vulgarism language,also named four-letter words in English,is words or phrases ofroughness and pushiness used in people's daily life.Though crude and ungrarefid,it is an indispensable part of any,qnguage.It is a common way for people to exprcss their emotions with such words.Any language in the world has vulgarism hnguage and Chinese has no exception.Chinese vulgarism language not only exists in daily life.but in literary works as well.In English and Chinese their expressions of vnlgamm language differ because of the different categories.In this article,the author would like to come up with a preliminary study on the translation of Chinese vulgarism language into English.

  10. Language Maintenance and Language Shift among Chinese Immigrant Parents and Their Second-Generation Children in the U.S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Donghui

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the language experiences of two distinct Chinese immigrant groups in the U.S.: a Mandarin-speaking group and a Fujianese-speaking group across two generations. The different language trajectories of the parents' generation, along with their social class and different settlement patterns in the U.S., shaped the second-generation…

  11. Preparing teachers to teach English as an international language

    CERN Document Server

    Matsuda, Aya

    2017-01-01

    This book explores ways to prepare teachers to teach English as an International Language, and provides theoretically-grounded models for EIL-informed teacher education. It includes two chapters that present a theoretical approach to EIL teacher education, followed by descriptions of field-tested teacher education programs, courses and activities.

  12. Let's tweet in Chinese! : Exploring how learners of Chinese as a foreign language self-direct their use of microblogging to learn Chinese

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hsiao, A.; Broeder, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Twitter is becoming increasingly popular as a medium for language learning. This study explores self-directed learning via social interactions that use Twitter as an interactive learning environment. The participants in this study were thirty university students of Chinese as a foreign language at l

  13. Let's tweet in Chinese! : Exploring how learners of Chinese as a foreign language self-direct their use of microblogging to learn Chinese

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hsiao, A.; Broeder, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Twitter is becoming increasingly popular as a medium for language learning. This study explores self-directed learning via social interactions that use Twitter as an interactive learning environment. The participants in this study were thirty university students of Chinese as a foreign language at l

  14. “The Little UN”Where the Official Language Is Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANGXIAOHUA

    2004-01-01

    Celebrated as the "Little UN," in 40 years the Beijing Language and Culture University (BLCU) has trained some 60,000 international students from 167 countries. As the only international university in China teaching Chinese language and culture to foreign students, it has more foreign students than Chinese. Korean students have formed a Korean community in a district near the university, where they rent apartments and stage their own activities.There is a special Ten-thousand-country Wall inside the campus, on which are engraved the names of foreign students' countries. Even though the university is flooded with different peoples, languages and cultures, all speak Chinese as well as the natives. In the Little UN,Chinese is the official language.

  15. Do Chinese dyslexic children have difficulties learning English as a second language?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Connie Suk-Han; Fong, Kin-Man

    2005-11-01

    The aim of the present study was to examine whether Chinese dyslexic children had difficulties learning English as a second language given the distinctive characteristics of the two scripts. Twenty-five Chinese primary school children with developmental dyslexia and 25 normally achieving children were tested on a number of English vocabulary, reading, and phonological processing tasks. It was found that the Dyslexia group performed significantly worse than the Control group in nearly all the English measures. The findings suggest that Chinese dyslexic children also encounter difficulties in learning English as a second language, and they are generally weak in phonological processing both in Chinese and English. However, phonological skills were found to correlate significantly with English reading but not with Chinese reading in the dyslexic children. It is evident that there are both common and specific causes to reading difficulties in Chinese and English.

  16. Importance of native language in a population-based health survey among ethnic Chinese in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Kam Cheong; Wang, Zhiqiang

    2008-08-01

    To assess the impacts of survey languages on participation and representativeness of the study subjects in a health survey in a Chinese community in Australia. A random sample of 500 ethnic Chinese in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia was surveyed during November 2005 to February 2006 by using a bilingual survey questionnaire in their preferred languages, i.e. English or Chinese. 210 questionnaires were returned. Two-thirds of the participants chose to answer the questionnaires in Chinese. Besides being older with relatively lower income, they were more likely to be married, have a Chinese family doctor, and visit a Chinese medicine practitioner. Fewer of them have visited the Diabetes Australia website or read any educational information materials about diabetes. The multilingual approach is crucial to improving participation and representativeness of samples from ethnic populations.

  17. Ways to help Chinese Students in Senior High School improve language accuracy in writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘惠红

    2015-01-01

    <正>Introduction In Chinese ELT(English language teaching),as in other countries,both fluency and accuracy are considered important either in the teaching or assessment of writing.In this respect,the last decade has seen reforms in the College Entrance Examination in Guangdong Province.With two writing tasks being set as assessment,task one requires students to summarise Chinese language information into five English sentences while the

  18. A Study on Competency Model of the Chinese Language Teachers in Thailand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    In recent years,people increasingly have taken notice of the importance of human resource management based on the competen-cy.This research focuses on the Competency Model of the Chinese Lan-guage Teachers.Through the survey on the words questionnaire of com-petency and the details questionnaire of competency, applying Likert Scale to selectwords relating to competency,The research will achieved objective is four dimension Competency Model of Chinese language teachers will be built.

  19. From Input to Output:Chinese College Students’English Language Learning Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵凌

    2015-01-01

    English as a second language has been learned and taught in Chinese colleges for several decades. But seen from stu⁃dents’TEM-4 and TEM-6 results and their practical application, the effect is limited and unsatisfied. Input and output theories are applied to analyze this situation and how to use them to improve the present Chinese students ’English language learning situ⁃ation.

  20. The Impacts of Theme-Based Language Instruction: A Case Study of an Advanced Chinese Intensive Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Song Jiang

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Theme-based language teaching under Content-Based Instruction (CBI is a pedagogical approach that emphasizes learning professional content along with language skills. This paper reports a case study on the impacts of a theme-based advanced Chinese intensive program in a university setting. It begins with a review of CBI and its theme-based approach and then discusses the program design, curriculum development, and instructional practice of the program. The impacts of the theme-based approach are examined based on the pre- and post-proficiency test results, learners’ self-reported surveys on the themes and topics, and the reading strategies covered in the program. Qualitative analysis of learners’ self-reflections and program evaluations is also presented. Based on the evidence collected, this paper argues that the theme-based model has positive impacts on improving language proficiency, preparing for academic and professional language use, cultivating strategic language learners, and revitalizing Chinese teaching at the superior level.

  1. Children Learning Chinese as a Home Language in an English-Dominant Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Sinming

    2015-01-01

    Many Chinese families face many difficulties in maintaining their heritage language for their children in English-dominant societies. This article first looks at the losses from monolingualism and benefits of bilingualism. Then, it explores the common methods used today in teaching Chinese. We conclude that families and community play an…

  2. The Effect of Radical-Based Grouping in Character Learning in Chinese as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yi; Chang, Li-Yun; Perfetti, Charles A.

    2014-01-01

    The logographic nature of the Chinese writing system creates a huge hurdle for Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) learners. Existing literature (e.g., Shen, [Shen, H. H., 2010]; Taft & Chung, [Taft, M., 1999]) suggests that radical knowledge facilitates character learning. In this project, we selected 48 compound characters in eight radical…

  3. "Westerners," "Chinese," and/or "Us": Exploring the Intersections of Language, Race, Religion, and Immigrantization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Huamei

    2014-01-01

    Based on a four-year ethnography, I draw on critical race theory and Bourdieuian theory of language to analyze why a Chinese Immigrant couple regarded their 1.5-Generation Chinese Canadian leaders at an evangelical Christian church as "Westerners," and how the leaders differentiated themselves from "Westerners" and…

  4. Language Anxiety: Experiences of Chinese Graduate Students at U.S. Higher Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Rui; Erben, Antony

    2012-01-01

    It is very common for Chinese graduate students to experience language anxiety in the U.S. higher institutions, yet the literature on this topic is limited. This research study focused on the influence of the length of stay in U.S. higher institutions, various programs, gender, and acculturation process on Chinese graduate students' language…

  5. Students Learn about Chinese Culture through the Folktale "Yeh-Shen": Emphasizing Figurative Language Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Barbara C.; Sun, Lingzhi; Leclere, Judith T.

    2012-01-01

    This article will analyze the figurative language that reflects Chinese traditional society and culture in "Yeh-Shen." The authors will consider both the figures of speech and the figures of thought (to include symbolism) that provide insight into an understanding of the Chinese culture through a reading of "Yeh-Shen." This analysis can be used by…

  6. Effects of Time Lag in the Introduction of Characters into the Chinese Language Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Packard, Jerome L.

    1990-01-01

    Examines the effects of a time lag before introducing Chinese characters into the elementary Chinese language curriculum. Results found that college students who were provided a three-week time lag were better able to discriminate phonetically and transcribe unfamiliar Mandarin syllables and were more fluent in spoken Mandarin than students who…

  7. English Language Proficiency and Health-Related Quality of Life among Chinese and Korean Immigrant Elders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mui, Ada C.; Kang, Suk-Young; Kang, Dooyeon; Domanski, Margaret Dietz

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the association between English language proficiency and health outcomes in a regional probability sample (n = 205) of elderly Chinese and Korean immigrants. Data support that these two Asian ethnic subgroups differ in English proficiency and health-related quality of life. Chinese and Korean elders had poorer health than the…

  8. Do Chinese Dyslexic Children Have Difficulties Learning English as a Second Language?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Connie Suk-Han; Fong, Kin-Man

    2005-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to examine whether Chinese dyslexic children had difficulties learning English as a second language given the distinctive characteristics of the two scripts. Twenty-five Chinese primary school children with developmental dyslexia and 25 normally achieving children were tested on a number of English vocabulary,…

  9. Cognitive and Linguistic Factors Affecting Alphasyllabary Language Users Comprehending Chinese Text

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shum, Mark Shiu Kee; Ki, Wing Wah; Leong, Che Kan

    2014-01-01

    Two groups of 13 to14-year-old alphasyllabary language users (mainly Hindi and Urdu), in integrated or designated school settings (respectively 40 and 48 students), were compared with 59 Chinese students in comprehending 4 elementary Chinese texts, each with three inferential questions requiring short open-ended written answers. Three constructs…

  10. Cultural Views, Language Ability, and Mammography Use in Chinese American Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Wenchi; Wang, Judy; Chen, Mei-Yuh; Feng, Shibao; Yi, Bin; Mandelblatt, Jeanne S.

    2009-01-01

    Mammography screening rates among Chinese American women have been reported to be low. This study examines whether and how culture views and language ability influence mammography adherence in this mostly immigrant population. Asymptomatic Chinese American women (n = 466) aged 50 and older, recruited from the Washington, D.C. area, completed a…

  11. A Standalone but Not Lonely Language: Chinese Linguistic Environment and Education in Singapore Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Min, Huang; Kangdi, Cheng

    2016-01-01

    Bilingual education policy in Singapore permits the students learn both English as working language and mother tongues, such as Chinese, as L2 anchoring to culture heritage. Starting from historical and sociolinguistic reasons, this paper is intended to provide a panoramic view of Chinese education in Singapore, clarify and compare Chinese…

  12. Cross-Language Transfer of Morphological Awareness in Chinese-English Bilinguals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasquarella, Adrian; Chen, Xi; Lam, Katie; Luo, Yang C.; Ramirez, Gloria

    2011-01-01

    This study examined cross-language transfer of morphological awareness in Chinese-English bilingual children. One hundred and thirty-seven first to fourth graders participated in the study. The children were tested on parallel measures of compound awareness, vocabulary, word reading and reading comprehension in Chinese and English. They also…

  13. Cross-Language Transfer of Morphological Awareness in Chinese-English Bilinguals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasquarella, Adrian; Chen, Xi; Lam, Katie; Luo, Yang C.; Ramirez, Gloria

    2011-01-01

    This study examined cross-language transfer of morphological awareness in Chinese-English bilingual children. One hundred and thirty-seven first to fourth graders participated in the study. The children were tested on parallel measures of compound awareness, vocabulary, word reading and reading comprehension in Chinese and English. They also…

  14. How to Improve Pragmatic Competence of Students Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Chun

      It is not an easy task for teachers to teach Chinese as a foreign language to the students who have completed the foundation levels of Chinese language and are embarking on more specialized work. The level of these students can be roughly characterized as 'advanced'. One of the most challenging...... with classroom activities can help students improve the development of language use, particularly, in language complexity, i.e. the capacity to use more advanced Chinese, with a greater willingness to use Chinese effectively......., elucidating the instructional framework in how to design warm-up activities for students, the theoretical basis of teaching, as well as design focus from the perspective of cognitive science. Aiming at the students at advanced level, the design of warm-up activities should not only emphasize language points...... and vocabulary in order to assist students to consolidate their language skills, but also be structured around the building language skills and developing cultural understanding of Chinese, their society, and their recent history. Thus, it is hoped that the well-designed warm-up activities together...

  15. Why do Chinese Canadians not consult mental health services: health status, language or culture?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Alice W; Kazanjian, Arminée; Wong, Hubert

    2009-12-01

    Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 1.1 showed that Chinese immigrants to Canada and Chinese individuals born in Canada were less likely than other Canadians to have contacted a health professional for mental health reasons in the previous year in the province of British Columbia. The difference persisted among individuals at moderate to high risk for depressive episode. Both immigrant and Canadian-born Chinese showed similar characteristics of mental health service use. The demographic and health factors that significantly affected their likelihood to consult mental health services included Chinese language ability, restriction in daily activities, frequency of medical consultations, and depression score. Notwithstanding lower levels of mental illness in ethnic Chinese communities, culture emerged as a major factor explaining differences in mental health consultation between Chinese and non-Chinese Canadians.

  16. RUSSIAN LANGUAGE EDUCATION STRATEGY HOW TO TEACH CHINESE STUDENTS IN THE SOCIAL AND CULTURAL SPACE OF REPUBLIC OF SAKHA (YAKUTIA)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sakhaya Nurgunovna Alexandrova

    2015-01-01

    ...). There are specific difficulties of learning Chinese students and ways of solving problems. The conclusion is that we need to have a deeper understanding of Chinese education, national culture and mentality in the Russian language teaching system...

  17. Chinese University EFL Learners' Foreign Language Writing Anxiety: Pattern, Effect and Causes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Meihua; Ni, Huiliuqian

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports on the result of a study on Chinese university EFL learners' foreign language writing anxiety in terms of general pattern, effect and causes. 1174 first-year students answered the 26-item Foreign Language Writing Anxiety Scale (FLWAS) (Young, 1999) and took an English writing test, 18 of whom were invited for semi-structured…

  18. Foreign language classroom anxiety : A study of Chinese university students of Japanese and English over time

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jin, Yinxing

    2016-01-01

    This PhD project mainly aimed at exploring the relationship between foreign language (FL) anxiety and FL proficiency development, the sources of FL anxiety, and the stability of FL anxiety over time and across target languages. To this end, 146 L1 Chinese university students, who had been learning E

  19. An Exploration of Chinese EFL Learners' Unwillingness to Communicate and Foreign Language Anxiety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Meihua; Jackson, Jane

    2008-01-01

    This article reports the results of a study of the unwillingness to communicate, and anxiety of Chinese learners of English as a foreign language (EFL) in English language classrooms. A 70-item survey of 547 first-year undergraduate non-English majors revealed that (a) Most of the students were willing to participate in interpersonal…

  20. (Dis)connections between Specific Language Impairment and Dyslexia in Chinese

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Anita M.-Y.; Ho, Connie S.-H.; Au, Terry K.-F.; Kidd, Joanna C.; Ng, Ashley K.-H.; Yip, Lesley P.-W.; Lam, Catherine C.-C.

    2015-01-01

    Specific language impairment (SLI) and dyslexia are found to co-occur in school-aged children learning Chinese, a non-alphabetic language (Wong, Kidd, Ho, & Au in "Sci Stud Read" 14:30--57, 2010). This paper examined the "Distinct" hypothesis--that SLI and dyslexia have different cognitive deficits and behavioural…

  1. A Socio-Political View of English Language Teaching in the Chinese Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yaying

    2008-01-01

    In spite of the urgent need for research into the socio-political contexts of the teaching and learning of English as a second/foreign language, the predominant paradigm of inquiry into EFL in the Chinese context still focuses on the functional aspects of second language education. In order to provide a critical understanding of the larger context…

  2. Foreign language classroom anxiety : A study of Chinese university students of Japanese and English over time

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jin, Yinxing

    2016-01-01

    This PhD project mainly aimed at exploring the relationship between foreign language (FL) anxiety and FL proficiency development, the sources of FL anxiety, and the stability of FL anxiety over time and across target languages. To this end, 146 L1 Chinese university students, who had been learning

  3. Reading, Writing, and Animation in Character Learning in Chinese as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yi; Chang, Li-Yun; Zhang, Juan; Perfetti, Charles A.

    2013-01-01

    Previous studies suggest that writing helps reading development in Chinese in both first and second language settings by enabling higher-quality orthographic representation of the characters. This study investigated the comparative effectiveness of reading, animation, and writing in developing foreign language learners' orthographic knowledge…

  4. Foreign language classroom anxiety : A study of Chinese university students of Japanese and English over time

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jin, Yinxing

    2016-01-01

    This PhD project mainly aimed at exploring the relationship between foreign language (FL) anxiety and FL proficiency development, the sources of FL anxiety, and the stability of FL anxiety over time and across target languages. To this end, 146 L1 Chinese university students, who had been learning E

  5. A Comparison of Foreign Language Learning Social Environments, Motivation, and Beliefs between Chinese and American Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xinxiao; Chen, Dianbing

    2011-01-01

    For the purposes of revealing and comparing the social, cultural, and motivational differences between American and Chinese undergraduate students learning foreign language, a sample of 100 students at University of Wyoming was asked to fill out a Foreign Language Learning Motivation and Beliefs questionnaire and 61 respondents completed the…

  6. (Dis)connections between Specific Language Impairment and Dyslexia in Chinese

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Anita M.-Y.; Ho, Connie S.-H.; Au, Terry K.-F.; Kidd, Joanna C.; Ng, Ashley K.-H.; Yip, Lesley P.-W.; Lam, Catherine C.-C.

    2015-01-01

    Specific language impairment (SLI) and dyslexia are found to co-occur in school-aged children learning Chinese, a non-alphabetic language (Wong, Kidd, Ho, & Au in "Sci Stud Read" 14:30--57, 2010). This paper examined the "Distinct" hypothesis--that SLI and dyslexia have different cognitive deficits and behavioural…

  7. Reading, Writing, and Animation in Character Learning in Chinese as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yi; Chang, Li-Yun; Zhang, Juan; Perfetti, Charles A.

    2013-01-01

    Previous studies suggest that writing helps reading development in Chinese in both first and second language settings by enabling higher-quality orthographic representation of the characters. This study investigated the comparative effectiveness of reading, animation, and writing in developing foreign language learners' orthographic knowledge…

  8. Eye movements of second language learners when reading spaced and unspaced Chinese text.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Deli; Liversedge, Simon P; Tian, Jin; Zang, Chuanli; Cui, Lei; Bai, Xuejun; Yan, Guoli; Rayner, Keith

    2012-06-01

    The effect of spacing in relation to word segmentation was examined for four groups of non-native Chinese speakers (American, Korean, Japanese, and Thai) who were learning Chinese as second language. Chinese sentences with four types of spacing information were used: unspaced text, word-spaced text, character-spaced text, and nonword-spaced text. Also, participants' native languages were different in terms of their basic characteristics: English and Korean are spaced, whereas the other two are unspaced; Japanese is character based whereas the other three are alphabetic. Thus, we assessed whether any spacing effects were modulated by native language characteristics. Eye movement measures showed least disruption to reading for word-spaced text and longer reading times for unspaced than character-spaced text, with nonword-spaced text yielding the most disruption. These effects were uninfluenced by native language (though reading times differed between groups as a result of Chinese reading experience). Demarcation of word boundaries through spacing reduces non-native readers' uncertainty about the characters that constitute a word, thereby speeding lexical identification, and in turn, reading. More generally, the results indicate that words have psychological reality for those who are learning to read Chinese as a second language, and that segmentation of text into words is more beneficial to successful comprehension than is separating individual Chinese characters with spaces.

  9. Unidimensionality of the Chinese version of the Foreign Language Reading Anxiety Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsiao, Tsung-Yuan

    2002-12-01

    Previous research showed the Foreign Language Reading Anxiety Scale is reliable and valid for assessing reading anxiety in groups of American college students beginning study of French, Japanese, or Russian. Because Saito, Horwitz, and Garza (1999) reported that reading anxiety tends to vary with the target language, the present investigation examined the factorial validity of the Chinese version of the scale in college students of English as a foreign language in Taiwan, Confirmatory factor analysis with maximum likelihood method supports the unidimensionality of the scale, which is reliable and valid for eliciting reading anxiety of Chinese college foreign language learners and for predicting their global language performance. This study suggests exploring how language proficiency, culture, and topic familiarity may be related to such anxiety.

  10. Mother-adolescent language proficiency and adolescent academic and emotional adjustment among Chinese American families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Lisa L; Benner, Aprile D; Lau, Anna S; Kim, Su Yeong

    2009-04-01

    This study examined the role of adolescents' and mothers' self-reports of English and heritage language proficiency in youth's academic and emotional adjustment among 444 Chinese American families. Adolescents who were proficient in English tended to exhibit higher reading achievement scores, math achievement scores, and overall GPA. Mothers who were English proficient tended to have children with higher academic achievement and fewer depressive symptoms. Results also indicated that adolescents' heritage language maintenance was associated with positive adjustment, particularly amongst foreign-born youth and for youth whose parents were highly proficient in the heritage language. Mother-adolescent match in heritage language proficiency was related to higher math achievement scores and overall GPA. Additionally, higher heritage language proficiency was associated with fewer depressive symptoms for foreign-born but not U.S.-born youth. Overall, the findings suggest that proficiency in both the English and heritage language may confer advantages to Chinese American youth.

  11. Recognizing Chinese characters in digital ink from non-native language writers using hierarchical models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Hao; Zhang, Xi-wen

    2017-06-01

    While Chinese is learned as a second language, its characters are taught step by step from their strokes to components, radicals to components, and their complex relations. Chinese Characters in digital ink from non-native language writers are deformed seriously, thus the global recognition approaches are poorer. So a progressive approach from bottom to top is presented based on hierarchical models. Hierarchical information includes strokes and hierarchical components. Each Chinese character is modeled as a hierarchical tree. Strokes in one Chinese characters in digital ink are classified with Hidden Markov Models and concatenated to the stroke symbol sequence. And then the structure of components in one ink character is extracted. According to the extraction result and the stroke symbol sequence, candidate characters are traversed and scored. Finally, the recognition candidate results are listed by descending. The method of this paper is validated by testing 19815 copies of the handwriting Chinese characters written by foreign students.

  12. Comparison of co-occurrence networks of the Chinese and English languages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Wei; Shi, Yuming; Tse, Chi K.; Liu, Jing; Wang, Yanli; Cui, Xunqiang

    2009-12-01

    Co-occurrence networks of Chinese characters and words, and of English words, are constructed from collections of Chinese and English articles, respectively. Four types of collections are considered, namely, essays, novels, popular science articles, and news reports. Statistical parameters of the networks are studied, including diameter, average degree, degree distribution, clustering coefficient, average shortest path length, as well as the number of connected subnetworks. It is found that the character and word networks of each type of article in the Chinese language, and the word network of each type of article in the English language all exhibit scale-free and small-world features. The statistical parameters of these co-occurrence networks are compared within the same language and across the two languages. This study reveals some commonalities and differences between Chinese and English languages, and among the four types of articles in each language from a complex network perspective. In particular, it is shown that expressions in English are briefer than those in Chinese in a certain sense.

  13. Learner motivation in teaching and learning Chinese as a foreign language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruan, Youjin

    This PhD study explores the influence of teaching and learning methods on learner motivation in teaching Chinese as a foreign language in an intercultural (or Danish) context and illustrates how the learners are motivated to learn Chinese language and culture through task-based teaching......-centred method, such as task-based teaching and learning or a method inspired by problem-based learning, can be employed as a motivating methodology to provide a supportive environment for language and culture learning (i.e., Chinese language and culture learning), particularly in an intercultural (or Danish...... and learning in a student-centred learning environment. Both qualitative and mixed methods approaches have been employed to examine learner motivation and the effects of certain teaching and learning methods (i.e. student-centred methods) in a given context. The findings have shown that a student...

  14. On the Development of Modern Chinese Advertising Language from the Aspect of Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈康

    2012-01-01

      As a special social text, advertisement language is in a constantly developing state; it records the development of so⁃cial value in its unique way. Since the Great Cultural Revolution, the contemporary Chinese advertisement language has been experienced courses from community to individuality, from morality and justice orientation to benefit orientation, and even from unification which presents the socialism’s view of value to multiplication which contains the values of capitalism, market economy, feudalism and so on. The development of Chinese views of value impacts the development of Chinese advertise⁃ment languages. It can be also seen the development of values are reflected by the development of advertisement languages.

  15. Exploring the Relationship between Chinese First Year University Students’ Beliefs about Language Learning and Foreign Language Anxiety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Runhan Zhang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aims of the study are to investigate what beliefs Chinese university first-year English majors have about language learning, whether they report anxiety about studying English, and whether there is a relationship between their beliefs and language anxiety. Two questionnaires were used in this study – Tanaka’s beliefs questionnaire and Horwitz’s Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale. A series of statistical analyses were carried out on the responses. The results revealed that the Chinese university first-year English majors held four types of beliefs, namely Approach to Learning English, Self-efficacy and Confidence in English, Formal and Structured Learning, and Ease of Learning English. Comparing the means of all items in the beliefs questionnaire, it seemed that the respondents held a strong belief in the importance of learning vocabulary for them to speak English well. The respondents also reported some anxiety about learning English. However, it was interesting that the overall mean of their anxiety scores was lower than the means in previous studies. This study also found that there was no significant relationship between the participants’ beliefs and their language anxiety, which echoed the results of Kunt’s (1997 study, but two beliefs factors and several items were found to weakly correlate with the anxiety. Keywords: Chinese first year students, language learner beliefs, foreign language anxiety, relationship

  16. An analysis of various scholarly approaches to the acquisition of Chinese characters by students of Chinese as a foreign language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ptaszynski, Signe Overgaard

    2007-01-01

    Wang Bixia et al. (1997) and Jiang Liping (1998) investigated what learning strategies students of Chinese as a foreign language employ when learning Chinese characters. On the basis of their research they suggest what pedagogical methods the teacher should apply in order to make the task easier...... are that the studies by Wang et al. and Jiang do not offer an exhaustive answer to the question of which teaching strategies should be employed to make the learning of Chinese easier. They do, however, contribute to a better understanding of the subject matter....... for the students. In the present study, Wang Bixia et al.'s and Jiang Liping's research is analysed in order to find out whether the methodology of their investigations can provide an exhaustive answer to the question of what pedagogical methods should be applied in teaching Chinese characters. My conclusions...

  17. An analysis of various scholarly approaches to the acquisition of Chinese characters by students of Chinese as a foreign language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ptaszynski, Signe Overgaard

    2007-01-01

    Wang Bixia et al. (1997) and Jiang Liping (1998) investigated what learning strategies students of Chinese as a foreign language employ when learning Chinese characters. On the basis of their research they suggest what pedagogical methods the teacher should apply in order to make the task easier...... for the students. In the present study, Wang Bixia et al.'s and Jiang Liping's research is analysed in order to find out whether the methodology of their investigations can provide an exhaustive answer to the question of what pedagogical methods should be applied in teaching Chinese characters. My conclusions...... are that the studies by Wang et al. and Jiang do not offer an exhaustive answer to the question of which teaching strategies should be employed to make the learning of Chinese easier. They do, however, contribute to a better understanding of the subject matter....

  18. English Language Assessment in Malaysia: Teachers’ Practices in Test Preparation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soubakeavathi Rethinasamy

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the context of English language teaching, many studies that claimed to investigate teachers’ assessment practices were actually exploring their perceptions and belief with little reference to what they were practising in schools. The need to address such a limitation has prompted this study to examine the current formal assessment practices of English language teachers in lower secondary schools. Specifically, this paper reports how the teachers prepare the formal assessments. Extensive structured interviews were conducted with 72 teachers from 24 schools in Kuching division, Sarawak. Relevant documents such as test papers and assessment guidelines were also collected for further analysis. The findings from this study revealed that a majority of the teachers conducted formal assessments mainly due to the requirements of the school and ministry while following pre-determined steps in preparing a test. Furthermore, the findings also revealed teachers’ reliance on commercial reference books in constructing exam questions and sample answers. The outcome of the study provides an insight on the nature of English language teachers’ assessment practices in relation to the classroom teaching and learning at the secondary level.This could help inform the Ministry of Education in providing necessary support for the teachers particularly assessment practices in ESL context as well as in formulating a better assessment policy for schools.

  19. Teenagers Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language in a European Confucius Institute: The Relationship between Language Learner Strategies and Successful Learning Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cáceres-Lorenzo, MTeresa

    2015-01-01

    The present research aims to identify the factors involved in the successful completion of the "Young Chinese Test" 2-A1 (YCT 2-A1) at Spanish Confucius Institute (Canary Islands). Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) entails several learning difficulties compared with other European languages. This study was conducted on 61 monolingual…

  20. Stakeholder Views on the Roles, Challenges, and Future Prospects of Korean and Chinese Heritage Language-Community Language Schools in Phoenix: A Comparative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Byeong-keun; Liu, Na

    2011-01-01

    This study examines stakeholders' perspectives on Korean and Chinese heritage language and community language (HL-CL) schools and education in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area, Arizona. It investigates and compares the roles, major challenges, and future prospects of Korean and Chinese HL-CL schools as viewed by principals, teachers, and parents. To…

  1. Teenagers Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language in a European Confucius Institute: The Relationship between Language Learner Strategies and Successful Learning Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cáceres-Lorenzo, MTeresa

    2015-01-01

    The present research aims to identify the factors involved in the successful completion of the "Young Chinese Test" 2-A1 (YCT 2-A1) at Spanish Confucius Institute (Canary Islands). Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) entails several learning difficulties compared with other European languages. This study was conducted on 61 monolingual…

  2. Parent-Child Reading in English as a Second Language: Effects on Language and Literacy Development of Chinese Kindergarteners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, Bonnie Wing-Yin; McBride-Chang, Catherine; Cheung, Him

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of dialogic parent-child reading in English on 51 Hong Kong kindergarteners learning English as a second language. Children were pre-tested on nonverbal IQ, reading interest and receptive vocabulary, word reading and phonological awareness in both Chinese and English. They were then assigned randomly to one of…

  3. Developmental dyslexia in Chinese and English populations: dissociating the effect of dyslexia from language differences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Wei; Lee, Hwee Ling; Zhang, Qiang; Liu, Tao; Geng, Li Bo; Seghier, Mohamed L; Shakeshaft, Clare; Twomey, Tae; Green, David W; Yang, Yi Ming; Price, Cathy J

    2010-06-01

    Previous neuroimaging studies have suggested that developmental dyslexia has a different neural basis in Chinese and English populations because of known differences in the processing demands of the Chinese and English writing systems. Here, using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we provide the first direct statistically based investigation into how the effect of dyslexia on brain activation is influenced by the Chinese and English writing systems. Brain activation for semantic decisions on written words was compared in English dyslexics, Chinese dyslexics, English normal readers and Chinese normal readers, while controlling for all other experimental parameters. By investigating the effects of dyslexia and language in one study, we show common activation in Chinese and English dyslexics despite different activation in Chinese versus English normal readers. The effect of dyslexia in both languages was observed as less than normal activation in the left angular gyrus and in left middle frontal, posterior temporal and occipitotemporal regions. Differences in Chinese and English normal reading were observed as increased activation for Chinese relative to English in the left inferior frontal sulcus; and increased activation for English relative to Chinese in the left posterior superior temporal sulcus. These cultural differences were not observed in dyslexics who activated both left inferior frontal sulcus and left posterior superior temporal sulcus, consistent with the use of culturally independent strategies when reading is less efficient. By dissociating the effect of dyslexia from differences in Chinese and English normal reading, our results reconcile brain activation results with a substantial body of behavioural studies showing commonalities in the cognitive manifestation of dyslexia in Chinese and English populations. They also demonstrate the influence of cognitive ability and learning environment on a common neural system for reading.

  4. Acute Hepatitis after Ingestion of a Preparation of Chinese Skullcap and Black Catechu for Joint Pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charilaos Papafragkakis

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Many herbal preparations are routinely used and have been occasionally associated with a wide range of side effects, from mild to severe. Chinese skullcap and black catechu are herbal medications commonly used for their hepatoprotective and other properties. We report a case of acute toxic hepatitis associated with ingestion of Chinese skullcap and black catechu in one preparation for the alleviation of joint pain.

  5. Going Beyond the Native Speaker in Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Chun

    a period of three years has been carried out. The study findings reveal that despite they teach Chinese in their own home cultures, the teachers face challenges in constructing their identities as CFL teacher, and that the challenges that arose with their Chinese learning trajectory and their intercultural......In recent years, researchers within the field of TCFL (teaching Chinese as a foreign language) have begun to examine the notion of Chinese language teacher identity (see e.g., Moloney, 2013; Gao, 2012; Wu et al., 2014); however, whilst insightful, this research has not addressed the ways in which...... nonnative speakers identify themselves as CFL teachers while interacting with students and how they construct their professional identities in their home culture. This paper addresses this research gap by exploring the discursive construction of four nonnative speakers (Danish speakers) construct...

  6. Applying the Writing Scales of the "Common European Framework of Reference for Languages" to the New HSK Test of Proficiency in Chinese: Realities, Problems and Some Suggestions for Chinese Language Teachers and Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsiao, Ya Ping; Broeder, Peter

    2013-01-01

    This article explores levels of proficiency in Chinese with reference to the new HSK (Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi) Chinese Proficiency Test and the "Common European Framework of Reference for Languages" (CEFR). Special attention is given to learning and teaching the writing of Chinese characters and the use of Pinyin, a phonetic Romanization…

  7. Lexical Borrowing from Chinese Languages in Malaysian English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imm, Tan Siew

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores how contact between English and Chinese has resulted in the incorporation of Chinese borrowings into the lexicon of Malaysian English (ME). Using a corpus-based approach, this study analyses a comprehensive range of borrowed features extracted from the Malaysian English Newspaper Corpus (MEN Corpus). Based on the contexts of…

  8. The Learning of Chinese Idiomatic Expressions as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Li; Yao, Jiayi

    2017-01-01

    Chinese idioms are mostly four-character phrases and are called Quadra-syllabic Idiomatic Expressions (QIEs). It has long been reported that learning of Chinese QIEs poses a great challenge for both young L1 speakers and adult L2 learners as the condensed form is often associated with complicated figurative meanings. The present study explored the…

  9. The role of early language abilities on math skills among Chinese children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Juan; Fan, Xitao; Cheung, Sum Kwing; Meng, Yaxuan; Cai, Zhihui; Hu, Bi Ying

    2017-01-01

    The present study investigated the role of early language abilities in the development of math skills among Chinese K-3 students. About 2000 children in China, who were on average aged 6 years, were assessed for both informal math (e.g., basic number concepts such as counting objects) and formal math (calculations including addition and subtraction) skills, language abilities and nonverbal intelligence. Correlation analysis showed that language abilities were more strongly associated with informal than formal math skills, and regression analyses revealed that children's language abilities could uniquely predict both informal and formal math skills with age, gender, and nonverbal intelligence controlled. Mediation analyses demonstrated that the relationship between children's language abilities and formal math skills was partially mediated by informal math skills. The current findings indicate 1) Children's language abilities are of strong predictive values for both informal and formal math skills; 2) Language abilities impacts formal math skills partially through the mediation of informal math skills.

  10. Cultural views, language ability, and mammography use in Chinese American women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Wenchi; Wang, Judy; Chen, Mei-Yuh; Feng, Shibao; Yi, Bin; Mandelblatt, Jeanne S

    2009-12-01

    Mammography screening rates among Chinese American women have been reported to be low. This study examines whether and how culture views and language ability influence mammography adherence in this mostly immigrant population. Asymptomatic Chinese American women (n = 466) aged 50 and older, recruited from the Washington, D.C. area, completed a telephone interview. Regular mammography was defined as having two mammograms at age-appropriate recommended intervals. Cultural views were assessed by 30 items, and language ability measured women's ability in reading, writing, speaking, and listening to English. After controlling for risk perception, worry, physician recommendation, family encouragement, and access barriers, women holding a more Chinese/Eastern cultural view were significantly less likely to have had regular mammograms than those having a Western cultural view. English ability was positively associated with mammography adherence. The authors' results imply that culturally sensitive and language-appropriate educational interventions are likely to improve mammography adherence in this population.

  11. The Distribution of Words in Chinese and Laos Based on Cross Language Corpus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Yuquan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Word representation is the basic research content of natural language processing. At present, distributed representation of monolingual words has shown satisfactory application effect in some Neural Probabilistic Language (NPL research, while as for distributed representation of cross-lingual words, there is little research both at home and abroad. Aiming at this problem given distribution similarity of nouns and verbs in these two languages, we embed mutual translated words, synonyms, super-ordinates into Chinese corpus by the weakly supervised learning extension approach and other methods, thus Laos word distribution in cross-lingual environment of Chinese and Laos is learned. We applied the distributed representation of the cross-lingual words learned before to compute similarities of bilingual texts and classify the mixed text corpus of Chinese and Laos, Experimental results show that the proposal has a satisfactory effect on the two tasks.

  12. Innovations in Language Learning: The Oregon Chinese Flagship Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carl Falsgraf

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Language learning in the United States suffers from a culture of low expectations. Lacking bilingual role models around them, students often view language class as, at best, a way to become a tourist in a country with a language different from their own. Monolingual policymakers assume that learning another language fluently is impossible and inconsequential, since they themselves are capable professionals with one language. Educators, discouraged by years of inadequate funding and support, have come to hope for nothing more than incremental improvements. The National Flagship Language Program (NFLP aims to break this cycle of low expectations and low results by providing funding to institutions willing to accept the challenge of producing Superior (Level 3 language users through a radical re-engineering of the language learning enterprise. The need for fundamental change in language education is longstanding, but the events of September 11 brought the importance of this need to the awareness of national policymakers. Due to the emphasis of critical languages, responsibility for carrying out this fundamental re-examination of language learning has fallen to those engaged in the less commonly taught languages. 1

  13. Preparing for the European Language Portfolio: Internet connections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mualla Bilgin AKSU

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Preparing for the European Language Portfolio: Internet connections Lectures Philip GLOVER Asst. Prof. Dr. Ismail Hakký MIRICI Akdeniz University Faculty of Education, ELT Department Antalya-TURKEY Prof. Dr. Mualla Bilgin AKSU Inonu University, Faculty of Education, Educational Sciences Department Malatya, TURKEY ABSTRACT The European Language Portfolio (ELP is a tool for developing learner responsibility and autonomy through reflection and self-awareness. The ELP is based on the Common European Framework (CEF Reference Levels that enable learners to describe what they can do in different languages. The CEF is a Council of Europe initiative aimed at improving the learning of foreign languages. This paper uses the internet to look at how the ELP has been implemented in different settings and to suggest how the ELP may be approached. The paper introduces a small-scale case study of ELP pilot implementation in a university preparatory school. The results from this institution show many similarities with responses in other places, and demonstrate the importance of integrating the ELP with the existing programme, providing teacher training and clarifying the status and purpose of the ELP. Analysis of documents on the internet shows a number of important factors. The most successful examples of ELP use involved integration of the ELP in the institution’s programme, training for teachers and students and a high level of commitment of time and financial resources by teachers and administrators. Responses from teachers were often extremely positive, others showed interest but many also expressed reservations about the ELP. Student responses were generally but not universally positive and a number of criticisms were raised concerning the status and purpose of the ELP. The paper provides full internet links so readers can access the same documents. The paper concludes firstly that future ELP use could exploit the internet for teacher training and

  14. English Phonological Awareness in Bilinguals: A Cross-Linguistic Study of Tamil, Malay and Chinese English-Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, L. Quentin; Chuang, Hui-Kai; Quiroz, Blanca

    2012-01-01

    To test the lexical restructuring hypothesis among bilingual English-language learners, English phonological awareness (PA), English vocabulary and ethnic language vocabulary (Mandarin Chinese, Malay or Tamil) were assessed among 284 kindergarteners (168 Chinese, 71 Malays and 45 Tamils) in Singapore. A multi-level regression analysis showed that…

  15. English Phonological Awareness in Bilinguals: A Cross-Linguistic Study of Tamil, Malay and Chinese English-Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, L. Quentin; Chuang, Hui-Kai; Quiroz, Blanca

    2012-01-01

    To test the lexical restructuring hypothesis among bilingual English-language learners, English phonological awareness (PA), English vocabulary and ethnic language vocabulary (Mandarin Chinese, Malay or Tamil) were assessed among 284 kindergarteners (168 Chinese, 71 Malays and 45 Tamils) in Singapore. A multi-level regression analysis showed that…

  16. Towards Internationalising the Curriculum: A Case Study of Chinese Language Teacher Education Programs in China and Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Danping; Moloney, Robyn; Li, Zhen

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a comparative curricular inquiry of teacher education programs of Chinese as a foreign language in China and Australia. While there is an increasing demand for qualified Chinese language teachers both within China and Western countries, pre-service teacher training is regarded as one of the major factors in impeding success in…

  17. Where Research, Practice and the Authority Meet: A Collaborative Inquiry for Development of Technology-Enhanced Chinese Language Curricula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Lung Hsiang; Gao, Ping; Chai, Ching Sing; Chin, Chee Kuen

    2011-01-01

    This collaborative inquiry project brought together 14 Chinese Language teachers, 4 researchers and 2 Ministry of Education (MOE) curriculum specialists to co-design the Chinese Language curricula with the integrated use of information and communication technology (ICT). Three qualitative data sources--one-to-one interviews, focus group…

  18. Changes of tolerance of China's English language policy from the aspect of English borrowing into Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐弢

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, because of the 'open-door' policy and the increasing role of English as a global language, increasing numbers of English words have been absorbed into Chinese by both direct and indirect borrowing. This article is explored to discuss the way of English borrowing into Chinese and how the changes of China's English language policy have been made.

  19. Development and evaluation of a Chinese-language newborn needing hotline: A prospective cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Livingstone Verity H

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Preference for formula versus breast feeding among women of Chinese descent remains a concern in North America. The goal of this study was to develop an intervention targeting Chinese immigrant mothers to increase their rates of exclusive breastfeeding. Methods We convened a focus group of immigrant women of Chinese descent in Vancouver, British Columbia to explore preferences for method of infant feeding. We subsequently surveyed 250 women of Chinese descent to validate focus group findings. Using a participatory approach, our focus group participants reviewed survey findings and developed a priority list for attributes of a community-based intervention to support exclusive breastfeeding in the Chinese community. The authors and focus group participants worked as a team to plan, implement and evaluate a Chinese language newborn feeding information telephone service staffed by registered nurses fluent in Chinese languages. Results Participants in the focus group reported a strong preference for formula feeding. Telephone survey results revealed that while pregnant Chinese women understood the benefits of breastfeeding, only 20.8% planned to breastfeed exclusively. Only 15.6% were breastfeeding exclusively at two months postpartum. After implementation of the feeding hotline, 20% of new Chinese mothers in Vancouver indicated that they had used the hotline. Among these women, the rate of exclusive breastfeeding was 44.1%; OR 3.02, (95% CI 1.78–5.09 compared to women in our survey. Conclusion Initiation of a language-specific newborn feeding telephone hotline reached a previously underserved population and may have contributed to improved rates of exclusive breastfeeding.

  20. Integrating English as a Second Language into Special Education Teacher Personnel Preparation Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pappamihiel, N. Eleni; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Hudson, Roxanne F.

    2010-01-01

    Preparing educators who are culturally responsive and prepared to meet the needs of English-language learners is a national priority. Consequently, many teacher preparation programs are being encouraged to include English as a second-language content in their programs of study. The following case study describes the development and implementation…

  1. Chinese-English biliteracy acquisition: cross-language and writing system transfer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Min; Perfetti, Charles A; Liu, Ying

    2005-08-01

    This study investigated cross-language and writing system relationship in biliteracy acquisition of children learning to read two different writing systems-Chinese and English. Forty-six Mandarin-speaking children were tested for their first language (Chinese-L1) and second language (English-L2) reading skills. Comparable experiments in Chinese and English were designed focusing on two reading processes-phonological and orthographic processing. Word reading skills in both writing systems were tested. Results revealed that Chinese onset matching skill was significantly correlated with English onset and rime matching skills. Pinyin, an alphabetic phonetic system used to assist children in learning to read Chinese characters, was highly correlated with English pseudoword reading. Furthermore, Chinese tone processing skill contributed a moderate but significant amount of variance in predicting English pseudoword reading even when English phonemic-level processing skill was taken into consideration. Orthographic processing skill in the two writing systems, on the other hand, did not predict each other's word reading. These findings suggest that bilingual reading acquisition is a joint function of shared phonological processes and orthographic specific skills.

  2. Discussion about the Embodiment of the Language Thinking Differences in Chinese and English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Yan-yan

    2016-01-01

    The tradition and culture of a nation shape the national specific thinking pattern which will be inevitably reflected in its language. Based on the author's study and practice experience, the paper discusses the embodiment of the language thinking differences in Chinese and English from three aspects. First, this paper analyzes thinking differences caused by Chinese and western culture and then discusses thinking differences caused by different traditional philosophies in China and western world. Finally, the author puts forward that thinking differences between China and English will influence the emotional expression.

  3. NOT CARELESS BUT WEAK: LANGUAGE MIXING OF MALAYSIAN CHINESE IN A BUSINESS TRANSACTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuang Ching Hei

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Language is an inevitable tool for business transactions and regardless of nationality, ethnicity, gender, religion, age and social class, interlocutors depend on it to conduct their daily dealings. In multilingual and multicultural Malaysia, it is not uncommon to hear a business transaction being conducted in various languages depending on who the participants are and what the context involves. This study focussed on the phenomenon of language (code mixing within a business transaction that involved four Malaysians of Chinese descent. The study aimed to detect at what level language mixing occurred and what their functions would be. Data were video recorded and then transcribed verbatim. Mandarin utterances were documented in Chinese and Han Yu Pin Yin and provided with translations. Utterances containing a mixture of languages were then extracted for analysis. Findings suggest that language mixing occurred at the word, phrase, sentential and tag level. Language mixing was applied as a strategy to sustain the conversation mainly because of the interlocutors’ weak proficiency in specific languages. It was also employed for various functions such as for distancing or narrowing the social status, making emphasis and projecting a higher personal identity. A follow up interview is required in order to verify the extent of the participants’ low or high proficiency level in the various languages used in this context.

  4. Influence of Traditional Chinese Culture on the implementation of Communicative Language Teaching in a Higher Vocational College in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Since the 1980s,Chinese government promotes actively Communicative Language Teaching(CLT).But due to influence of traditional Chinese culture,teachers and learners have some difficulties in implementing the approach,especially private higher vocational college.The paper is to explore in what aspects of traditional Chinese culture influence the implementation of CLT.

  5. Influence of Traditional Chinese Culture on the implementation of Communicative Language Teaching in a Higher Vocational College in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季彦君

    2015-01-01

    Since the 1980 s,Chinese government promotes actively Communicative Language Teaching(CLT).But due to influence of traditional Chinese culture,teachers and learners have some difficulties in implementing the approach,especially private higher vocational college.The paper is to explore in what aspects of traditional Chinese culture influence the implementation of CLT.

  6. From the transnational to the Sinophone: lesbian representations in Chinese-language films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Alvin Ka Hin

    2012-01-01

    This article theorizes global lesbian cinema in Chinese-language films through regionalism, diaspora studies, and Sinophone studies. Through an inter-regional analysis of Butterfly (Yan Yan Mak, 2004, Hong Kong) and diasporic and Sinophone readings of Saving Face (Alice Wu, 2005, USA), I argue that Mak's film illustrates a Hong Kong regional retranslation of a Taiwanese lesbian story, which complicates any claim to a stable "Chinese" identity. Finally, Wu's representation of lesbianism also troubles the politics of Chineseness by pointing to the ways diasporic reproduction of "community" works through the disciplining of other non-normative sexualities.

  7. A network of two-Chinese-character compound words in the Japanese language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Ken; Yamazaki, Yoshihiro

    2009-06-01

    Some statistical properties of a network of two-Chinese-character compound words in the Japanese language are reported. In this network, a node represents a Chinese character and an edge represents a two-Chinese-character compound word. It is found that this network has properties of being “small-world” and “scale-free”. A network formed by only Chinese characters for common use ( joyo-kanji in Japanese), which is regarded as a subclass of the original network, also has the small-world property. However, a degree distribution of the network exhibits no clear power law. In order to reproduce the disappearance of the power-law property, a model for a selecting process of the Chinese characters for common use is proposed.

  8. A critical review of research on strategies in learning Chinese as both a second and foreign language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoli Jiang

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This article critically reviews strategy research on learning Chinese both as a second and foreign language. Through a careful examination of major data bases in both the Chinese and English languages, the article summarizes research in the field and the principal research methods used in the studies reviewed. Moreover, key limitations in research designs, inconsistencies in reported findings, inappropriate use of research methods, and weaknesses in both Chinese- and English-language publications are discussed. The article concludes by calling for future research paying more attention to current language learning strategy theories and practices.

  9. The Development of Chinese Language and Social Change —Study on Catchwords during the Cultural Revolution%The Development of Chinese Language and Social Change—Study on Catchwords during the Cultural Revolution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭亚玲

    2016-01-01

    Language is a mirror of society. It is one of the most important communication tools and social changes or potential social changes can often be reflected in it. We use language as a barometer of social changes and from the perspective of sociolinguistics. Social changes also determine the variations of Chinese language. Based on the former study about the relation between language and society, this paper mainly talks about the catchwords or popular language and social changes during the Cultural Revolution.

  10. Globalization and Foreign Language Education at a Chinese University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Zhuo-min

    2014-01-01

    This essay begins with a brief introduction to the changes in foreign language education policy and the main motives for those changes in the context of socio-political circumstances. It then examines the development of language education system in a new college of a university in China over a period of ten years in relation to the issue of internationalization and globalization. The study shows that the language education system of the new college has developed in parallel with the recently-emerged trends in language education in China. Finally, it seeks to interpret these trends in terms of global, national, regional forces that currently drive it forwards.

  11. RAPPORT-BUILDING THROUGH CALL IN TEACHING CHINESE AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenying Jiang

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Technological advances have brought about the ever-increasing utilisation of computer-assisted language learning (CALL media in the learning of a second language (L2. Computer-mediated communication, for example, provides a practical means for extending the learning of spoken language, a challenging process in tonal languages such as Chinese, beyond the realms of the classroom. In order to effectively improve spoken language competency, however, CALL applications must also reproduce the social interaction that lies at the heart of language learning and language use. This study draws on data obtained from the utilisation of CALL in the learning of L2 Chinese to explore whether this medium can be used to extend opportunities for rapport-building in language teaching beyond the face-to-face interaction of the classroom. Rapport's importance lies in its potential to enhance learning, motivate learners, and reduce learner anxiety. To date, CALL's potential in relation to this facet of social interaction remains a neglected area of research. The results of this exploratory study suggest that CALL may help foster learner-teacher rapport and that scaffolding, such as strategically composing rapport-fostering questions in sound-files, is conducive to this outcome. The study provides an instruction model for this application of CALL.

  12. CA for SLA: Arguments from the Chinese Language Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Agnes Weiyun

    2004-01-01

    When the seminal article on the organization of turn-taking by Sacks, Schegloff, and Jefferson (1974) was published 30 years ago, I started learning English as a foreign language. In addition to being a learner of the English language for many years, I was also trained in the traditions of Conversation Analysis (CA) and linguistic anthropology…

  13. The Influence of Heritage Language and Public Schools on Chinese American Children's Biliteracy Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pu, Chang

    2010-01-01

    This article investigated four Chinese American students' biliteracy development in two contexts: their heritage language school and public school. Data were collected through participant observations, audio-recorded classroom interactions, student work samples, and semistructured interviews. Findings demonstrated how literacy instruction across…

  14. Language Learner Strategy by Chinese-Speaking EFL Readers When Comprehending Familiar and Unfamiliar Texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jia-Ying

    2015-01-01

    This study compares the language learner and test-taking strategies used by Chinese-speaking graduate students when confronted with familiar versus unfamiliar topics in an English multiple-choice format reading comprehension test. Thirty-six participants at a large mid-western university performed three tasks: A content knowledge vocabulary…

  15. "Migratory Literature": A "Third Place" for Intercultural Teaching and Learning of Chinese as a Second Language?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hay, Trevor; Wang, Yongyang

    2010-01-01

    This paper, drawing upon multidisciplinary studies such as critical and cultural studies, literary criticism, intercultural communication and second language acquisition, suggests a specific literary genre--"migratory literature"--to support intercultural competence for learners of Chinese. We begin by elucidating key terms--"migratory,"…

  16. Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) Academics' Perceptions about Research in a Transitional Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Li; Millwater, Jan; Hudson, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Research capacity building has become a prominent theme in higher education institutions in China and across the world. However, Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language academics' research output has been quite limited. In order to build their research capacity, it is necessary to understand their perceptions about research. This case study…

  17. Supporting Orthographic Learning at the Beginning Stage of Learning to Read Chinese as a Second Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Li-Yun; Xu, Yi; Perfetti, Charles A.; Zhang, Juan; Chen, Hsueh-Chih

    2014-01-01

    Learning to read a second language (L2) is especially challenging when a target L2 requires learning new graphic forms. Learning Chinese, which consists of thousands of characters composed of hundreds of basic writing units, presents such a challenge of orthographic learning for adult English speakers at the beginning stages of learning. In this…

  18. Barriers to the Adoption of ICT in Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language in US Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chun-Yu; Huang, Chung-Kai; Chen, Chang-Hua

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to investigate barriers to the adoption of information and communication technology (ICT) for teachers of Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) in US universities. Although the development of ICT for teaching is growing, few published studies address ICT specifically regarding CFL teaching. Therefore, this study has reviewed the…

  19. Planning for Development or Decline? Education Policy for Chinese Language in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curdt-Christiansen, Xiao Lan

    2014-01-01

    This article examines how political discourse, language ideologies, recent Chinese curriculum reforms, and their representations in the media are inextricably related. Using the "Speak Mandarin Campaign" as background for the inquiry, I focus on textual features of the various media sources, TV advertisements, campaign slogans, official…

  20. Cross-Validating Chinese Language Mental Health Recovery Measures in Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bola, John; Chan, Tiffany Hill Ching; Chen, Eric HY; Ng, Roger

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: Promoting recovery in mental health services is hampered by a shortage of reliable and valid measures, particularly in Hong Kong. We seek to cross validate two Chinese language measures of recovery and one of recovery-promoting environments. Method: A cross-sectional survey of people recovering from early episode psychosis (n = 121)…

  1. Reading in Asian Languages: Making Sense of Written Texts in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Kenneth S., Ed.; Wang, Shaomei, Ed.; Iventosch, Mieko, Ed.; Goodman, Yetta M., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "Reading in Asian Languages" is rich with information about how literacy works in the non-alphabetic writing systems (Chinese, Japanese, Korean) used by hundreds of millions of people and refutes the common Western belief that such systems are hard to learn or to use. The contributors share a comprehensive view of reading as construction of…

  2. Human Diversity and the Genealogy of Languages: Noah as the Founding Ancestor of the Chinese

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutton, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    The characteristics which were held to define the Chinese language within the Western intellectual tradition placed it for a time at the centre in discussions of the genealogy of mankind. The dominant premodern paradigm for the explanation of human linguistic diversity was Biblical exegesis, as discussed and elaborated within the framework of…

  3. Teaching Spelling to Singaporean Chinese Children with Dysorthographia in English Language: Lexical versus Lexical Phonological Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chia, Noel Kok Hwee

    2009-01-01

    Singaporean Chinese children diagnosed with dysorthographia in English language undergo an intensive spelling intervention program that teaches them to use either of the two spelling methods: lexical and/or phonological spelling strategies. Nevertheless, many of them continue to perform poorly in their spelling. A pretest-posttest experimental…

  4. Reading in Asian Languages: Making Sense of Written Texts in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Kenneth S., Ed.; Wang, Shaomei, Ed.; Iventosch, Mieko, Ed.; Goodman, Yetta M., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "Reading in Asian Languages" is rich with information about how literacy works in the non-alphabetic writing systems (Chinese, Japanese, Korean) used by hundreds of millions of people and refutes the common Western belief that such systems are hard to learn or to use. The contributors share a comprehensive view of reading as construction…

  5. Chinese Language Learning Motivation: A Comparative Study of Heritage and Non-Heritage Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Xiaohong

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates attitudes and motivation that influence heritage and non-heritage students' learning of Chinese as a second language, examining the similarities and differences among three subgroups: bilingual, heritage motivated, and non-heritage learners. The study uses the socio-educational model by Gardner (1985), the internal…

  6. "Migratory Literature": A "Third Place" for Intercultural Teaching and Learning of Chinese as a Second Language?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hay, Trevor; Wang, Yongyang

    2010-01-01

    This paper, drawing upon multidisciplinary studies such as critical and cultural studies, literary criticism, intercultural communication and second language acquisition, suggests a specific literary genre--"migratory literature"--to support intercultural competence for learners of Chinese. We begin by elucidating key…

  7. The effect of sign language structure on complex word reading in Chinese deaf adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Aitao; Yu, Yanping; Niu, Jiaxin; Zhang, John X

    2015-01-01

    The present study was carried out to investigate whether sign language structure plays a role in the processing of complex words (i.e., derivational and compound words), in particular, the delay of complex word reading in deaf adolescents. Chinese deaf adolescents were found to respond faster to derivational words than to compound words for one-sign-structure words, but showed comparable performance for two-sign-structure words. For both derivational and compound words, response latencies to one-sign-structure words were shorter than to two-sign-structure words. These results provide strong evidence that the structure of sign language affects written word processing in Chinese. Additionally, differences between derivational and compound words in the one-sign-structure condition indicate that Chinese deaf adolescents acquire print morphological awareness. The results also showed that delayed word reading was found in derivational words with two signs (DW-2), compound words with one sign (CW-1), and compound words with two signs (CW-2), but not in derivational words with one sign (DW-1), with the delay being maximum in DW-2, medium in CW-2, and minimum in CW-1, suggesting that the structure of sign language has an impact on the delayed processing of Chinese written words in deaf adolescents. These results provide insight into the mechanisms about how sign language structure affects written word processing and its delayed processing relative to their hearing peers of the same age.

  8. Self-Efficacy in Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language in Australian Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zhu; Yeung, Alexander S.

    2015-01-01

    Participating in a research-oriented teacher education program, 20 university graduates from China were invited to teach Chinese as a foreign language in western Sydney schools and conducted teacher research for one and half years. By analysing their research on their own teaching through a qualitative approach, this study attempted to identify…

  9. Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) Academics' Perceptions about Research in a Transitional Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Li; Millwater, Jan; Hudson, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Research capacity building has become a prominent theme in higher education institutions in China and across the world. However, Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language academics' research output has been quite limited. In order to build their research capacity, it is necessary to understand their perceptions about research. This case study…

  10. ICT and an Exploratory Pedagogy for Classroom-Based Chinese Language Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, XingLong; Wang, MinJuan; Wu, Juan; He, KeKang

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on a new pedagogy for Chinese language teaching and learning at elementary schools through exploratory classroom instruction using Information and Communication Technologies. The study used quantitative method to collect data from two elementary schools of China. The results showed that: (1) the three-in-one pedagogy of…

  11. Cross-Validating Chinese Language Mental Health Recovery Measures in Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bola, John; Chan, Tiffany Hill Ching; Chen, Eric HY; Ng, Roger

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: Promoting recovery in mental health services is hampered by a shortage of reliable and valid measures, particularly in Hong Kong. We seek to cross validate two Chinese language measures of recovery and one of recovery-promoting environments. Method: A cross-sectional survey of people recovering from early episode psychosis (n = 121)…

  12. Challenges Facing Chinese Academic Staff in a UK University in Terms of Language, Relationships and Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Hui-hua

    2012-01-01

    The recruitment of international academic staff is viewed as one of the strategies to internationalise the universities. International academic staff, however, usually encounter many challenges when in a foreign context. This study aims to investigate the challenges of Chinese academic staff teaching in the UK in terms of language, relationships…

  13. Tasks and Learner Motivation in Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruan, Youjin; Duan, Xiaoju; Du, Xiang Yun

    2015-01-01

    This study focuses on how beginner learners in a task-based teaching and learning (TBTL) environment perceive what is motivating to them in the process of learning Chinese as a foreign language at Aalborg University, Denmark. Drawing upon empirical data from surveys, group interviews and participant observation, this study explores which kinds of…

  14. Early Predictors of Dyslexia in Chinese Children: Familial History of Dyslexia, Language Delay, and Cognitive Profiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBride-Chang, Catherine; Lam, Fanny; Lam, Catherine; Chan, Becky; Fong, Cathy Y. C.; Wong, Terry T. Y.; Wong, Simpson W. L.

    2011-01-01

    Background: This work tested the rates at which Chinese children with either language delay or familial history of dyslexia at age 5 manifested dyslexia at age 7, identified which cognitive skills at age 5 best distinguished children with and without dyslexia at age 7, and examined how these early abilities predicted subsequent literacy skills.…

  15. Coming into an Inheritance: Family Support and Chinese Heritage Language Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mu, Guanglun Michael; Dooley, Karen

    2015-01-01

    The critical role that family plays in Chinese Heritage Language learning (CHLL) has gained increasing attention from psychological, political and sociological scholarships. Guided by Bourdieu's notion of "habitus", our mixed methods sociological study firstly addresses the need for quantitative evidence on the relationship between…

  16. Investigating Mobile-Assisted Oral Feedback in Teaching Chinese as a Second Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Qi; Peng, Hongying

    2017-01-01

    This article reports on an exploratory study investigating mobile-assisted oral feedback in teaching Chinese as a second language (CSL). It is aimed at exploring the characteristics of mobile-assisted feedback on oral production with the smartphone social communication app WeChat as a case in point and examining learners' perceptions of…

  17. Early Predictors of Dyslexia in Chinese Children: Familial History of Dyslexia, Language Delay, and Cognitive Profiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBride-Chang, Catherine; Lam, Fanny; Lam, Catherine; Chan, Becky; Fong, Cathy Y. C.; Wong, Terry T. Y.; Wong, Simpson W. L.

    2011-01-01

    Background: This work tested the rates at which Chinese children with either language delay or familial history of dyslexia at age 5 manifested dyslexia at age 7, identified which cognitive skills at age 5 best distinguished children with and without dyslexia at age 7, and examined how these early abilities predicted subsequent literacy skills.…

  18. Second Language Acquisition of Mandarin Chinese Vocabulary: Context of Learning Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lan, Yu-Ju; Fang, Shin-Yi; Legault, Jennifer; Li, Ping

    2015-01-01

    In an increasingly multilingual world, it is important to examine methods that may lead to more efficient second language learning, as well as to analyze the mechanisms by which successful learning occurs. The purpose of the current study was to investigate how different learning contexts can impact the learning of Mandarin Chinese as a second…

  19. Character Learning Strategies Among Danish and Swedish Beginners of Chinese as a Foreign Language (CFL)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Chun; Chen, Yi-ting

    Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) by Oxford (1990), we adapted Shen’ (2005) questionnaire into two online surveys. The first survey was done in February 2016 aiming to discover some Chinese character learning strategies employed by Danish and Swedish learners. Based on the 1st survey, the second survey...... writing +rote learning). Finally, pedagogical implication of teaching character is discussed and future research is suggested....

  20. Korean-Chinese Parents' Language Attitudes and Additive Bilingual Education in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Fang; Park, Jae

    2012-01-01

    China's diversity of minority groups, marked by many languages and cultures, has led to much push and pull experience between homogenising forces and indigenous cultures. This is apparent in its bilingual education programme for ethnic minorities, among which Korean diaspora communities are to be counted. Korean-Chinese people in China have been…

  1. Between Knowledge and "Plagiarism," or, How the Chinese Language Was Studied in the West

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Q. S.

    2008-01-01

    This article looks at descriptions of the Chinese language in Western intellectual writings as indicative of a particular process of knowledge formation and reproduction. Beginning with the first systematic account produced by Matteo Ricci (1552-1610), it charts views offered by John Wilkins (1614-1672), James Beattie (1735-1803), Friedrich von…

  2. Reading in Asian Languages: Making Sense of Written Texts in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Kenneth S., Ed.; Wang, Shaomei, Ed.; Iventosch, Mieko, Ed.; Goodman, Yetta M., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "Reading in Asian Languages" is rich with information about how literacy works in the non-alphabetic writing systems (Chinese, Japanese, Korean) used by hundreds of millions of people and refutes the common Western belief that such systems are hard to learn or to use. The contributors share a comprehensive view of reading as construction…

  3. Korean-Chinese Parents' Language Attitudes and Additive Bilingual Education in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Fang; Park, Jae

    2012-01-01

    China's diversity of minority groups, marked by many languages and cultures, has led to much push and pull experience between homogenising forces and indigenous cultures. This is apparent in its bilingual education programme for ethnic minorities, among which Korean diaspora communities are to be counted. Korean-Chinese people in China have been…

  4. Co-Ethnic Network, Social Class, and Heritage Language Maintenance among Chinese Immigrant Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Donghui

    2012-01-01

    This ethnographic study investigated heritage language maintenance among two distinct groups of Chinese immigrant families (Mandarin and Fujianese) from the social network perspective. The results indicated that a co-ethnic network could be a double-edged sword, which works differently on children from different social classes. While the Mandarin…

  5. The Understanding and Translation of Animal Analogies In the English and Chinese Languages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭群英

    2008-01-01

    The English and Chinese peoples are two ancient natires on the earth.They have rich and various cul-tural heritage. Analogies and idioms in connection with animals is among them.Sometimes,the same animal anal-ogy contains similar association.However,due to different manners and customs,different religion and geogra-phy,and different aesthetic standards in the two natives,even the same animal analogy has different association in the English and Chinese languages.This paper,starting from association,aims to discuss and understand the connotative meanings of the animal analogies in the English and Chinese languages through examples of 12common animals.The author tries to find out the similarities and differences.

  6. CX11:A Chinese Language Supporting Interface for X Window Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊志国; 徐曦; 等

    1995-01-01

    Chinese language deals with ideographic character input and output.The X windows System (X11R5 or earlier versions) has the mechanism to output Hanzi(chinese ideograph) through 2-byte encoding when the corresponding fonts are included,but it has no corresponding input feature.Because there are as many as 160000 most in use Hanzis,more than one keystroke is needed to input a single hanzi by the traditional English keyboard.This paper proposes a Hanzi input architecture on the X Window System and a Chinese language mechanism that can upgrade English-based commercial X products of supply an application (X clients) programming interface for inputting Hanzi.XC11,our first implementation,is running on SCO ODT.Its design principle and implementation should be a model and can be applied as one of the general approaches to internationalize and localize the X Window System.

  7. Learning across Borders--Chinese Migrant Literature and Intercultural Chinese Language Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yongyang

    2014-01-01

    Chinese migrants have been a rich source of influential international literature, represented by key works such as "Eat a Bowl of Tea" by Louis Chu in 1961 and "The Joy Luck Club" by Amy Tan in 1989. Cultural differences and conflicts, stereotypes and other complex issues regarding the diasporic lives of the Chinese sojourners…

  8. Second Language Learning Difficulties in Chinese Children with Dyslexia: What Are the Reading-Related Cognitive Skills that Contribute to English and Chinese Word Reading?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Kevin Kien Hoa; Ho, Connie Suk-Han

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the relations between reading-related cognitive skills and word reading development of Chinese children with dyslexia in their Chinese language (L1) and in English (L2). A total of 84 bilingual children--28 with dyslexia, 28 chronological age (CA) controls, and 28 reading-level (RL) controls--participated and were administered…

  9. The Role of Lexical Knowledge and Related Linguistic Components in Typical and Poor Language Comprehenders of Chinese

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leong, Che Kan; Ho, Man Koon

    2008-01-01

    The present study adapted the "Blueprint of the Reader" in comprehending language by Perfetti [2000, C. M. Brown & P. Hagoort. (Eds.), "The neurocognition of language" (pp. 167-208). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press] as a framework for understanding Chinese language and reading comprehension in a group of 361 secondary…

  10. Differences of English Mental Lexicon Organization: A Comparative Study between Advanced Chinese English Language Learners and English Native Speakers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Sibo

    2012-01-01

    Among various study topics of advanced second language (L2) learners, mental lexicon shares a unique significance. This paper will introduce a comparative experiment between advanced Chinese English as a Second Language (CESL) learners and English as first language (EL1) speakers. The research question of the study is whether advanced CESL…

  11. An Exploration of Language Anxiety in L2 Academic Context for Chinese International Students in U.S. Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Qing

    2013-01-01

    This mix-methods study examined the language anxiety levels that the Chinese international students perceived in second language (L2) academic context at four universities in the northeastern region of the United States of America; it explored the impact of language anxiety that these students perceived on their academic learning; it also…

  12. [Information quality and health risks in Spanish-language retail websites for Chinese herbal medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tejedor-García, Noelia; García-Pastor, Coral; Benito-Martínez, Selma; de Lucio-Cazaña, Francisco Javier

    2017-03-16

    The growing use of purchase online via Internet retailers favours the access to potentially toxic natural products. It also contributes to the quick dissemination of the claims made by the retailers on efficacy and safety, these claims being not always based upon reliable information. Here, we have conducted an online search to find Spanish-language retail websites for Chinese herbal medicine and we have analysed them for the quality of product information and the potential health risks. i) Online search in Google España to find Spanish-language retail websites for Chinese herbal medicine in which we analysed both the claims regarding possible health benefits and adequate safe use indications ii) Identification of potentially toxic herbs in the websites iii) Quantification of Chinese herbal medicines withdrawn by the Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios (AEMPS). 1) Only one third of the 30 Spanish-language retail websites found which sell Chinese herbal medicine observe the law, given that the other websites include illegal Western disease claims as marketing tools, 2) Five websites provide some safety information, 3) Two websites offer potentially toxic herbs and 4) Chinese herbal medicine adulterated with sibutramine, silfenafil or their analogues make a considerable percentage of the total products withdrawn by the AEMPS. Online health seekers should be warned about misinformation on retail websites for Chinese herbal medicine and directed to a Spanish government Web site for guidance in safely navigating the Internet for buying Chinese herbal medicine. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  13. ZHONGGUO YUWEN STUDIES OF THE CHINESE LANGUAGE November, 2012 Abstracts of Major Papers in This Issue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    TING Pang-hsin, The historical strata in Chinese dialects That there is more than one historical stratum underlying a language is a topic that has drawn increasing attention of linguists working on Chinese dialectology in recent years. Generally speaking, the historical strata may consist of two different sets of readings, the colloquial versus the literary. The former represents a daily- spoken language, and the latter is usually used in reading. Except for Min and a few other dialects, the double-reading phenomena in all major Chinese dialect groups are sporadic and scattered. Similar to what we find in the Beijing dialect, the literal readings in the Mandarin, Wu, Jin, Hakka, Gan, Xiang, and Yue dialects belong, partially or wholly, to the daily-spoken language in different times, and were characteristically colloquial. When two colloquial layers coalesced, the prominent dialect was used for reading and eventually gave rise to the so-called literary readings. In addition, in some cases, a language may display an even earlier stratum of pronunciation. The Min dialects, however, demonstrate a different situation. Literary readings axe so complete that in some extreme cases almost every morpheme may have two matching readings, a distribution in which the colloquial readings are the basic forms and the literary readings are really literal. Because of the traditional civil service examination, the literary readings were borrowed from the standard language or a nearby prestigious dialect. And, due to a mixture between the two layers, new readings may have been subsequently created.

  14. Direct evidence from intraoperative electrocortical stimulation indicates shared and distinct speech production center between Chinese and English languages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jinsong; Lu, Junfeng; Zhang, Han; Zhang, Jie; Yao, Chengjun; Zhuang, Dongxiao; Qiu, Tianming; Guo, Qihao; Hu, Xiaobing; Mao, Ying; Zhou, Liangfu

    2015-12-01

    Chinese processing has been suggested involving distinct brain areas from English. However, current functional localization studies on Chinese speech processing use mostly "indirect" techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography, lacking direct evidence by means of electrocortical recording. In this study, awake craniotomies in 66 Chinese-speaking glioma patients provide a unique opportunity to directly map eloquent language areas. Intraoperative electrocortical stimulation was conducted and the positive sites for speech arrest, anomia, and alexia were identified separately. With help of stereotaxic neuronavigation system and computational modeling, all positive sites elicited by stimulation were integrated and a series of two- and three-dimension Chinese language probability maps were built. We performed statistical comparisons between the Chinese maps and previously derived English maps. While most Chinese speech arrest areas located at typical language production sites (i.e., 50% positive sites in ventral precentral gyrus, 28% in pars opercularis and pars triangularis), which also serve English production, an additional brain area, the left middle frontal gyrus (Brodmann's areas 6/9), was found to be unique in Chinese production (P English speakers. Our finding suggests that Chinese involves more perisylvian region (extending to left middle frontal gyrus) than English. This is the first time that direct evidence supports cross-cultural neurolinguistics differences in human beings. The Chinese language atlas will also helpful in brain surgery planning for Chinese-speakers.

  15. Heritage language fluency, ethnic identity, and school effort of immigrant Chinese and Mexico adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Su Yeong; Chao, Ruth K

    2009-01-01

    The assumption that heritage language fluency is an essential component of ethnic identity, and that both factors are important predictors of school effort, was tested across two ethnic groups spanning multiple generations of immigrants. The sample consisted of 207 immigrant Chinese (first- and second-generation) and 354 Mexican (first-, second-, and third-generation) adolescents. The findings demonstrate that heritage language fluency is an important component of ethnic identity for second-generation Mexican adolescents, but not for second-generation Chinese adolescents. Thus, for this latter group, it may not be appropriate to use identity measures that assess heritage language fluency as a part of the general dimension of ethnic identity. The findings also show that higher reading and writing skills in Spanish are significant predictors of school effort for all three generations of Mexican adolescents; in addition, higher ethnic identity exploration is related to the school effort of second-generation Mexican adolescents.

  16. A Brief Research on the Difference between Chinese and Western Rite in Communication Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晓霞

    2014-01-01

    In this new century, China is being engaged in many affairs with western countries. In order to make our country be-come more and more developed, Chinese people have been learning from western countries, including their culture, their econo-my, their education, their life style, and so on. Rite is one of these important aspects. Because of different culture, there are a lot of difference between western rites and Chinese rites. This paper is written to illustrate it from one aspect: communication lan-guage rite.Literature review:Many scholars have written many books and articles to discuss it. They had a brief review about the importance of western rites and Chinese rites, and they did some comparison. Through these comparisons, they suggest that peo-ple should absorb advantages of Chinese rites and western rites and abandon their disadvantages.

  17. Glocalisation and English Language Education in Chinese Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rai, Laxmisha; Deng, Chunrao

    2016-01-01

    With the frequent interaction between China and the world, glocalisation, the combination of globalisation and localisation, is an unavoidable trend. This paper argues that the association of local situation with global awareness is one of the ways to assimilate English for daily use in Chinese context. The fundamental idea is that the use of…

  18. Effects of Cross-Language Transfer on First-Language Phonological Awareness and Literacy Skills in Chinese Children Receiving English Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xi; Xu, Fen; Nguyen, Thien-Kim; Hong, Guanglei; Wang, Yun

    2010-01-01

    The present investigation consists of two studies examining the effects of cross-language transfer on the development of phonological awareness and literacy skills among Chinese children who received different amounts of English instruction. Study 1 compared Chinese students in regular English programs (92 first graders and 93 third graders) with…

  19. Effects of Cross-Language Transfer on First-Language Phonological Awareness and Literacy Skills in Chinese Children Receiving English Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xi; Xu, Fen; Nguyen, Thien-Kim; Hong, Guanglei; Wang, Yun

    2010-01-01

    The present investigation consists of two studies examining the effects of cross-language transfer on the development of phonological awareness and literacy skills among Chinese children who received different amounts of English instruction. Study 1 compared Chinese students in regular English programs (92 first graders and 93 third graders) with…

  20. Weaknesses in semantic, syntactic and oral language expression contribute to reading difficulties in Chinese dyslexic children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Xiao-Yun; Ho, Connie Suk-Han

    2014-02-01

    The present study examined the role of weaknesses in some language skills for the reading difficulties among Chinese dyslexic children. Thirty Chinese dyslexic children were compared with 30 chronological age (CA) controls and 30 reading-level (RL) controls on a number of language and reading measures. The results showed that Chinese dyslexic children performed significantly worse than the CA controls but similarly to the RL controls in many of the linguistic measures except that the dyslexic group also performed significantly less well than the RL group in semantic skills and syntactic skills on multiple modifiers. The dyslexic children were found to have difficulties in semantic processing, syntactic skills and oral language expression as compared with the CA controls, which were also found to predict their performance in word recognition and/or sentence comprehension. In addition, measures of semantic discrimination, advanced syntactic word order, and oral narrative also significantly predicted the group membership of having or not having dyslexia. These findings suggest that weaknesses in some semantic and advanced syntactic skills are the potential source of poor word and sentence reading in Chinese developmental dyslexia. Implications of the present findings for the identification of dyslexia were discussed. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  1. Can Learning a Foreign Language Foster Analytic Thinking?-Evidence from Chinese EFL Learners' Writings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Jingyang; Ouyang, Jinghui; Liu, Haitao

    2016-01-01

    Language is not only the representation of thinking, but also shapes thinking. Studies on bilinguals suggest that a foreign language plays an important and unconscious role in thinking. In this study, a software-Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count 2007-was used to investigate whether the learning of English as a foreign language (EFL) can foster Chinese high school students' English analytic thinking (EAT) through the analysis of their English writings with our self-built corpus. It was found that: (1) learning English can foster Chinese learners' EAT. Chinese EFL learners' ability of making distinctions, degree of cognitive complexity and degree of thinking activeness have all improved along with the increase of their English proficiency and their age; (2) there exist differences in Chinese EFL learners' EAT and that of English native speakers, i. e. English native speakers are better in the ability of making distinctions and degree of thinking activeness. These findings suggest that the best EFL learners in high schools have gained native-like analytic thinking through six years' English learning and are able to switch their cognitive styles as needed.

  2. Can Learning a Foreign Language Foster Analytic Thinking?—Evidence from Chinese EFL Learners' Writings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Jingyang; Ouyang, Jinghui; Liu, Haitao

    2016-01-01

    Language is not only the representation of thinking, but also shapes thinking. Studies on bilinguals suggest that a foreign language plays an important and unconscious role in thinking. In this study, a software—Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count 2007—was used to investigate whether the learning of English as a foreign language (EFL) can foster Chinese high school students’ English analytic thinking (EAT) through the analysis of their English writings with our self-built corpus. It was found that: (1) learning English can foster Chinese learners’ EAT. Chinese EFL learners’ ability of making distinctions, degree of cognitive complexity and degree of thinking activeness have all improved along with the increase of their English proficiency and their age; (2) there exist differences in Chinese EFL learners’ EAT and that of English native speakers, i. e. English native speakers are better in the ability of making distinctions and degree of thinking activeness. These findings suggest that the best EFL learners in high schools have gained native-like analytic thinking through six years’ English learning and are able to switch their cognitive styles as needed. PMID:27741270

  3. Does language matter? Exploring Chinese-Korean differences in holistic perception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann Kristin Rhode

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Cross-cultural research suggests that East Asians display a holistic attentional bias by paying attention to the entire field and to relationships between objects, whereas Westerners pay attention primarily to salient objects, displaying an analytic attentional bias. The assumption of a universal pan-Asian holistic attentional bias has however recently been challenged in experimental research involving Japanese and Chinese participants, which suggests that linguistic factors may contribute to the formation of East Asians’ holistic attentional patterns. The present experimental research explores differences in attention and information processing styles between Korean and Chinese speakers, who have been assumed to display the same attentional bias due to cultural commonalities. We hypothesize that the specific structure of the Korean language predisposes speakers to pay more attention to ground information than to figure information, thus leading to a stronger holistic attentional bias compared to Chinese speakers. Findings of the present research comparing different groups of English, Chinese, and Korean speakers provide further evidence for differences in East Asians’ holistic attentional bias, which may be due to the influence of language. Furthermore, we also extend prior theorizing by discussing the potential impact of other cultural factors. In line with critical voices calling for more research investigating differences between cultures that are assumed to be culturally similar, we highlight important avenues for future studies exploring the language-culture relationship.

  4. Second language learning difficulties in Chinese children with dyslexia: what are the reading-related cognitive skills that contribute to English and Chinese word reading?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Kevin Kien Hoa; Ho, Connie Suk-Han

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the relations between reading-related cognitive skills and word reading development of Chinese children with dyslexia in their Chinese language (L1) and in English (L2). A total of 84 bilingual children-28 with dyslexia, 28 chronological age (CA) controls, and 28 reading-level (RL) controls-participated and were administered measures of word reading, rapid naming, visual-orthographic skills, and phonological and morphological awareness in both L1 and L2. Children with dyslexia showed weaker performance than CA controls in both languages and had more difficulties in phonological awareness in English but not in Chinese. In addition, reading-related cognitive skills in Chinese contributed significantly to the ability to read English words, suggesting cross-linguistic transfer from L1 to L2. Results found evidence for different phonological units of awareness related to the characteristics of the different languages being learned, supporting the psycholinguistic grain size and linguistic coding differences hypotheses.

  5. Confucius School, a National Strategy for Chinese Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANGHONG

    2005-01-01

    Confucius Great educator, thinker, and founder of Confucianism, Confucius(551-479 B.C.) is regarded as having had the greatest innuence on the development of Chinese culture. He is believed to have had 3,000 students and 72 disciples, with whom he traveled the vassal states in ancient China for 14 years. He collated and compiled many ancient books,including the Book of Songs, the Book of History, the Book of Rites,and the Book of Music.

  6. A Critical Examination of Chinese Language Media’s Normative Goals and News Decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoping Li

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ethnic media are an integral part of a multicultural communication infrastructure benefiting all Canadians, as they provide services pivotal to immigrants’ settlement, integration, and participation in Canadian society, yet numerous studies of ethnic media reveal deficiencies in their performance. This analysis informed by interview data examines Chinese language media’s normative goals in relation to news decision-making. Outlet news workers convey commendable goals, and those who stress citizen building dedicate themselves to journalistic roles despite unfavourable circumstances. Meanwhile, Chinese language media outlets operate according to norms of social responsibility divergent from mainstream media. Narrow definitions of social responsibility, audience tastes, and perceived community needs influence content and boundaries in and for Chinese language reportage on Canada. Market competition and profit concerns also shape reporting quality, with normative goals trumped by commercial aims. New Canadians with language barriers require informational help if they are to truly become part of Canadian society, exercise their rights, and live up to their responsibilities as citizens. Improvements include professional training for ethnic media workers, inclusion of minority narratives into mainstream media, and publically funded multilingual communications.

  7. Radical Knowledge and Character Learning among Learners of Chinese as a Foreign Languag

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Helen H. Shen

    2000-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship of radical knowledge to recognition and production of novel phonetic-semantic compound characters among learners of Chinese as a foreign language. The subjects are 40 first- and second-year college students in Chinese classes. The result indicates that students' knowledge of radicals played an important role in their recognition of novel morphologically transparent compound characters, but not in morphologically opaque characters. The result also shows that students with good radical knowledge perform significantly better in production of novel morphological transparent characters than do students with poor radical knowledge.

  8. Heritage Language Learning for Chinese Australians: The Role of Habitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mu, Guanglun Michael

    2014-01-01

    The relationship between Heritage Language (HL) and ethnic identity has gained significant research ground in social psychological and poststructural scholarship, with empirical evidence largely emerging from the North American settings. There is little pertinent sociological work conducted outside North America. To fill this gap, this…

  9. Pedagogical Use of Two Languages in a Chinese Elementary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rui, Tao; Chew, Phyllis Ghim-Lian

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides a snapshot of the manner in which English as a foreign language is taught in an elementary school in Helan County, China, in the nation's first decade of sweeping nation-wide educational reforms where English was first introduced as an official subject in 2001 and then as a compulsory subject in 2004. To cope with large classes…

  10. Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Among China Chinese Students Undergoing The Laureate English Programme in INTI International University, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meghavaani d/o Ampalagan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between foreign language classroom anxiety (communication apprehension, test anxiety and fear of negative evaluation among  Mainland Chinese students undergoing the Laureate English Programme

  11. Learner motivation in teaching and learning Chinese as a foreign language:Why does teaching and learning method matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Ruan, Youjin

    2015-01-01

    This PhD study explores the influence of teaching and learning methods on learner motivation in teaching Chinese as a foreign language in an intercultural (or Danish) context and illustrates how the learners are motivated to learn Chinese language and culture through task-based teaching and learning in a student-centred learning environment. Both qualitative and mixed methods approaches have been employed to examine learner motivation and the effects of certain teaching and learning methods (...

  12. Learner motivation in teaching and learning Chinese as a foreign language:Why does teaching and learning method matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Ruan, Youjin

    2015-01-01

    This PhD study explores the influence of teaching and learning methods on learner motivation in teaching Chinese as a foreign language in an intercultural (or Danish) context and illustrates how the learners are motivated to learn Chinese language and culture through task-based teaching and learning in a student-centred learning environment. Both qualitative and mixed methods approaches have been employed to examine learner motivation and the effects of certain teaching and learning methods (...

  13. Measuring Adult Learners' Foreign Language Anxiety, Motivational Factors, and Achievement Expectations: A Comparative Study between Chinese as a Second-Language Students and English as a Second-Language Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Li-Ching

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation focuses on interpreting the impacts of foreign language anxiety and individual characteristics on the achievement expectations of Chinese second-language learners and English second-language students at the university level. Four research questions are examined through quantitative design. In relation to methodology, this study…

  14. Using tasks to enhance beginners’ orientations for learning Chinese as a foreign language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruan, Youjin; Duan, Xiaoju; Du, Xiangyun

    2015-01-01

    This study explores learners’ orientations, or goals, for learning Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) in a Danish university. Drawing upon empirical data from both pre- and post-course surveys and group interviews, this study examines in what aspects and to what extent these orientations change...... (especially the task-based learning method), the learners’ increased self-efficacy, and student satisfaction, served to contribute to these positive changes in learners’ orientations. It is suggested that a communicative approach (e.g. the TBTL method) can be used to promote positive orientation changes...... and enhance learner motivation. The study also discusses challenges encountered in helping beginners learn a foreign language via TBTL....

  15. Sleep Patterns and Academic Performance during Preparation for College Entrance Exam in Chinese Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Guanghai; Ren, Fen; Liu, Zhijun; Xu, Guangxing; Jiang, Fan; Skora, Elizabeth; Lewin, Daniel S.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Deficient sleep is linked to detrimental outcomes in health and school performance for adolescents. This study characterized sleep patterns in Chinese adolescents preparing for the College Entrance Exam (CEE) and evaluated the association between sleep patterns, self-rated academic performance, and the CEE scores. Methods: A sample of…

  16. Chinese language teachers’ beliefs about their roles in the Danish context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Li; Du, Xiangyun

    2016-01-01

    and build relationships with students. Research results also reveal some contextual factors that challenge teachers’ beliefs about their roles, including inadequate teaching materials, limited access to professional training and students who lack motivation to learn. These factors suggest a need......This paper focuses on how teachers of Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) perceive their roles in the Danish context. In this qualitative study of twelve native and non-native Chinese-speaking language teachers, empirical data was collected from semi-structured interviews and classroom observations...... to explore teachers’ beliefs about their roles. The study found that most teachers saw themselves as filling multiple roles and revealed that these were defined based on the following perspectives: how teachers plan and conduct teaching activities, what they want to emphasise and achieve in teaching...

  17. Incorporating Linguistic Rules in Statistical Chinese Language Model for Pinyin-to-character Conversion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    An N-gram Chinese language model incorporating linguistic rules is presented. By constructing elements lattice, rules information is incorporated in statistical frame. To facilitate the hybrid modeling, novel methods such as MI-based rule evaluating, weighted rule quantification and element-based n-gram probability approximation are presented. Dynamic Viterbi algorithm is adopted to search the best path in lattice. To strengthen the model, transformation-based error-driven rules learning is adopted. Applying proposed model to Chinese Pinyin-to-character conversion, high performance has been achieved in accuracy, flexibility and robustness simultaneously. Tests show correct rate achieves 94.81% instead of 90.53% using bi-gram Markov model alone. Many long-distance dependency and recursion in language can be processed effectively.

  18. Chinese language teachers’ beliefs about their roles in the Danish context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Li; Du, Xiangyun

    2016-01-01

    and their relationships with their students and work environment. These findings suggest that teachers’ individual cultural backgrounds, personal experiences and contextual factors all contribute to variations in their beliefs about their roles, including how they understand their facilitator role, teach culture...... and build relationships with students. Research results also reveal some contextual factors that challenge teachers’ beliefs about their roles, including inadequate teaching materials, limited access to professional training and students who lack motivation to learn. These factors suggest a need......This paper focuses on how teachers of Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) perceive their roles in the Danish context. In this qualitative study of twelve native and non-native Chinese-speaking language teachers, empirical data was collected from semi-structured interviews and classroom observations...

  19. Phonological Processing Skills and Early Reading Abilities in Hong Kong Chinese Kindergarteners Learning to Read English as a Second Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, Bonnie Wing-Yin; McBride-Chang, Catherine; Burgess, Stephen

    2005-01-01

    The present 9-month longitudinal study investigated relations between Chinese native language phonological processing skills and early Chinese and English reading abilities among 227 kindergarteners in Hong Kong. Phonological awareness, rapid automatized naming, and short-term verbal memory differed in their relations to concurrent and subsequent…

  20. Emerging Development of Semantic and Phonological Routes to Character Decoding in Chinese as a Foreign Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Clay

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the effects of semantic and phonetic radicals on Chinese character decoding by high-intermediate level Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) learners. The results of the study suggest that the CFL learners tested have a well-developed semantic pathway to recognition; however, their phonological pathway is not yet a reliable means…

  1. Access to UG and Language Transfer: A Study of L2 Learners' Interpretation of Reconstruction in Chinese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ying, H. G.

    1999-01-01

    A study of native English speakers learning Chinese investigated second-language learners' knowledge of reconstruction in Chinese. Results of a sentence-interpretation task indicated that English speakers had access to a universal grammar. They demonstrated knowledge of ambiguity of ziti (self) inside a moved predicate and lack of ambiguity of…

  2. Word-Processor or Pencil-and-Paper? A Comparison of Students' Writing in Chinese as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yu; Mark Shum, Shiu-Kee; Brian Tse, Shek-Kam; Liu, Jinghui Jack

    2016-01-01

    A study is reported of the performance and attainment of 32 students from overseas studying elementary Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) in a Chinese university. With an AB-BA design, they were asked to use two forms of writing media to present two essays: one a word-processed essay entitled "My Favourite Female" and the other a…

  3. Pod People The founders of ChinesePod have logged onto success with an online language learning website

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MARK GRAHAM

    2008-01-01

    @@ The three founders of ChinesePod were confident they had a pretty solid business idea on their hands Chinese language lessons for the internet age, with easy downloading and interactive lessons-but they never dreamed it would grow so quickly.

  4. Second Language Data Analysis——From three pieces of Chinese students’ writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>Through analyzing the collected samples which are from three Chinese-English learners in ICLE project(Portsmouth Chinese-English learner corpus),this analysis project aims to describe the grammatical status of some non-native features in Chinese students’ writing and answer the following two questions:①Do these features seem to be performance mistakes(i.e.are they random) or is there evidence that they reflect an interlanguage grammar(ILG)(i.e.where they appear to be systematic errors)?②In the case of systematic errors,do they seem to be errors transferred from the L1(first language of the students) or do they seem to be developmental errors(shared by learners from other L1 backgrounds)?

  5. Preliminary study of a Chinese language short form of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Peng; Guoying, Dong; Brody, Stuart

    2009-12-01

    To evaluate the internal consistency reliability and discriminant validity of a Chinese language short form (14-item) of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale, data from 197 Chinese medical students were analyzed. Half (48 men, M age = 23.0 yr.; 51 women, M age = 22.0 yr.) were randomly assigned to receive standard instructions, and half (46 men, M age = 21.7 yr.; 52 women, M age = 21.5 yr.) were given mock job-selection instructions. The latter had a higher mean Social Desirability score, which demonstrates discriminant validity. Split-half reliability was .71. Five factors were identified, but confirmatory factor analysis indicated adequate fit with a 1- or 2-factor model. Despite the challenge of translation into Chinese (in this case, involving translation into Mandarin and back-translation by native speakers for examination by a native speaker of English), this short form appears to have adequate internal consistency reliability and discriminant validity.

  6. Being Chinese or Being Different: Exploring Chinese Foreign Language (CFL) Teachers Use of Chineseness in Identity Construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Chun

    2015-01-01

    Abstract This study reports on a qualitative research that explores how three beginning native CFL teachers in a Danish university use ‘Chinese-ness’ and how these serve in explaining their own narratives, either through identifying with, or distancing themselves from. Early results show that no ......Abstract This study reports on a qualitative research that explores how three beginning native CFL teachers in a Danish university use ‘Chinese-ness’ and how these serve in explaining their own narratives, either through identifying with, or distancing themselves from. Early results show...

  7. The tongue in between: Some thoughts on the teaching of Chinese as a second language in Singapore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chee Lay Tan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In Singapore’s unique and complex linguistic environment, it is common to have Chinese-language learners from many different backgrounds in the same school classroom, which is why Singapore is nicknamed as a “language laboratory.” In this paper, I hope to examine our linguistic environment and response strategies from different angles, including theories of second-language acquisition and Singapore’s teaching methods and distinguishing features. This paper argues that Singapore’s approach to teaching Chinese as a second language have to be highly diverse and specialized, in cohesion with Singapore’s constantly evolving sociolinguistic landscape and Chinese-language teaching environment.

  8. A Real-time Face/Hand Tracking Method for Chinese Sign Language Recognition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    This paper introduces a new Chinese Sign Language recognition (CSLR) system and a method of real-time tracking face and hand applied in the system. In the method, an improved agent algorithm is used to extract the region of face and hand and track them. Kalman filter is introduced to forecast the position and rectangle of search, and self-adapting of target color is designed to counteract the effect of illumination.

  9. Mother-Adolescent Language Proficiency and Adolescent Academic and Emotional Adjustment Among Chinese American Families

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the role of adolescents’ and mothers’ self-reports of English and heritage language proficiency in youth’s academic and emotional adjustment among 444 Chinese American families. Adolescents who were proficient in English tended to exhibit higher reading achievement scores, math achievement scores, and overall GPA. Mothers who were English proficient tended to have children with higher academic achievement and fewer depressive symptoms. Results also indicated that adolescen...

  10. Can Task-based language learning be implemented in the Chinese EFL secondary school classroom?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宛悦

    2007-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ.Introducfion In the history of ELT in China,great changes have taken place in the late 1990s since communicative language teaching(CLT)was accepted as a main teaching method(Xiao,2000)in China where it has made a great impact.In the Chinese so-called communicative classroom.teachem generally abandon traditional methods,avoid using the Ll,paying little attention to grammar(Huang,2002).

  11. Multilingual home environment and specific language impairment: a case-control study in Chinese children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheuk, Daniel Ka Leung; Wong, Virginia; Leung, Gabriel Matthew

    2005-07-01

    Specific language impairment (SLI) is a common developmental disorder in young children. To investigate the association between multilingual home environment and SLI, we conducted a case-control study in Hong Kong Chinese children over a 4-year period in the Duchess of Kent Children's Hospital. Consecutive medical records of all new referrals below 5 years of age were reviewed and children diagnosed with SLI (case) were compared with those referred with other developmental and behavioural problems who had been assessed as having normal language and overall development (control) using the Griffiths Mental Developmental Scale. SLI was defined as those with a language quotient more than one standard deviation below the mean and below the general developmental quotient in children with normal general developmental quotient, but without neurological or other organic diseases. We used binary and ordinal logistic regression to assess any association between SLI and multilingual exposure at home, adjusting for age and gender of subjects, parental age, education level and occupational status, number of siblings, family history of language delay and main caregiver at home. Multivariable linear regression was used to examine the effect of covariates on the language comprehension and expression standard scores assessed by the Reynell Developmental Language Scale. A total of 326 cases and 304 controls were included. The mean ages of cases and controls were 2.56 and 2.89 years respectively. Boys predominated in both groups (cases, 75.2%; controls, 60.2%). The children were exposed to between one and four languages at home, the major ones being Cantonese Chinese followed by English. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) of SLI was 2.94; [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.82, 4.74] for multilingual compared with monolingual exposure. A significant linear dose-response relationship was found (OR of SLI = 2.58 [1.72, 3.88] for each additional language to which the child was exposed). Male

  12. Carrying out Ethnic Language-Chinese Bilingual Education and Promoting Harmonious Multi-Cultural Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Jinwei; Qin Yan

    2016-01-01

    China is a unified multi-ethnic coun-try, and the realization of the“Chinese dream”is the common wish and goal of all ethnic people. The hap-piness that is characteristic of the realization of the“Chinese dream” is a further development of social harmony. The realization of social harmony must de-pend on harmonious multi-cultural development. Starting by discussing that the fusion of multiple cul-tures has a long history, that the construction of a harmonious society needs to train a large number of ethnic talents, and that strengthening the ethnic lan-guage-Chinese bilingual education is necessary for promoting the harmonious development of a multi-culture, this article proposes that training ethnic tal-ents through bilingual education is an important guar-antee for the realization of the“Chinese dream”, and also suggests the path forward and measures to be taken for the development of multi-culture. Language is the carrier for the inheritance and development of culture. Through ethnic language-Chinese bilingual education, ethnic cultures can be more fully inherited and further developed, hence, it will put vitality into the Chinese nation’s cultural structure of unity in diversity. During the process of developing ethnic minority cultures, China advocates ethnic language-Chinese bilingual education, and re-quires that all ethnic minorities should not only know their own language and scripts, but also should know Chinese language and characters so as to become multi-cultural inheritors and developers. This is not only necessary for ethnic unity, prosperity, and long-term stability of the state, but also the practical needs of each member of society in their social life. China has been a unified multi-ethnic country since the Qin and Han dynasties, therefore, the ex-istence and development of multi-culture is a result of historical factors. The comprehensively harmonious development of ethnic areas is a complicated system-atic project, which requires

  13. The role of early language abilities on math skills among Chinese children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Xitao; Cheung, Sum Kwing; Cai, Zhihui; Hu, Bi Ying

    2017-01-01

    Background The present study investigated the role of early language abilities in the development of math skills among Chinese K-3 students. About 2000 children in China, who were on average aged 6 years, were assessed for both informal math (e.g., basic number concepts such as counting objects) and formal math (calculations including addition and subtraction) skills, language abilities and nonverbal intelligence. Methodology Correlation analysis showed that language abilities were more strongly associated with informal than formal math skills, and regression analyses revealed that children’s language abilities could uniquely predict both informal and formal math skills with age, gender, and nonverbal intelligence controlled. Mediation analyses demonstrated that the relationship between children’s language abilities and formal math skills was partially mediated by informal math skills. Results The current findings indicate 1) Children’s language abilities are of strong predictive values for both informal and formal math skills; 2) Language abilities impacts formal math skills partially through the mediation of informal math skills. PMID:28749950

  14. How Do Chinese ESL Learners Recognize English Words during a Reading Test? A Comparison with Romance-Language-Speaking ESL Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hongli; Suen, Hoi K.

    2015-01-01

    This study examines how Chinese ESL learners recognize English words while responding to a multiple-choice reading test as compared to Romance-language-speaking ESL learners. Four adult Chinese ESL learners and three adult Romance-language-speaking ESL learners participated in a think-aloud study with the Michigan English Language Assessment…

  15. A Hierarchical Model for Language Maintenance and Language Shift: Focus on the Malaysian Chinese Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaomei; Chong, Siew Ling

    2011-01-01

    Social factors involved in language maintenance and language shift (LMLS) have been the focus of LMLS studies. Previous studies provide fundamental support for the theoretical development of this research branch. However, there is no discussion regarding the hierarchical order of these social factors, i.e. the degree of importance of various…

  16. Language and Power: Korean-Chinese Students' Language Attitude and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, F.

    2009-01-01

    Language is not only a method of communication, but also a mechanism of power. The ethnographic research reported in this article documents how a group of Korean students, who are participating in a bilingual Korean school in Northeast China, construct their language attitude and practice. Research findings indicate that the Korean students value…

  17. A Decade of Chinese Internet Language Studies%网络语言研究十年

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪磊

    2016-01-01

    Since Language Situation in China first released the Internet Language Status Report in 2006, the research on China’s do-mestic Internet language has gone through a new decade. This article takes the relevant reports presented in Language Situation in Chi-na as a starting point, combines it with statistical data from various documentations, and objectively presents the basic circumstances of the Internet language studies in this decade. Thousands of studies indicate that the Chinese domestic Internet language studies closely followed and traced the occurrence and the developments of the Internet language, explored the communication system of the Internet language phenomenon and its impact on social life, and provided definitive academic support for the society to have an accurate under-standing of the Internet language phenomenon. The Internet language studies is moving toward rationality and maturity.%本文以《中国语言生活状况报告》中相关研究报告为出发点,结合各类文献的统计数据,客观呈现国内网络语言研究十年的基本情况。研究成果表明,国内网络语言研究密切关注并追踪网络语言发生、发展轨迹,探究网络语言现象的传播机制及对社会生活的影响,为正确认识网络语言现象提供了有力的学术支持,网络语言研究正走向理性与成熟。

  18. High proficiency in a second language is characterized by greater involvement of the first language network: evidence from Chinese learners of English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Fan; Tao, Ran; Liu, Li; Perfetti, Charles A; Booth, James R

    2013-10-01

    The assimilation hypothesis argues that second language learning recruits the brain network for processing the native language, whereas the accommodation hypothesis argues that learning a second language recruits brain structures not involved in native language processing. This study tested these hypotheses by examining brain activation of a group of native Chinese speakers, who were late bilinguals with varying levels of proficiency in English, when they performed a rhyming judgment to visually presented English word pairs (CE group) during fMRI. Assimilation was examined by comparing the CE group to native Chinese speakers performing the rhyming task in Chinese (CC group), and accommodation was examined by comparing the CE group to native English speakers performing the rhyming task in English (EE group). The CE group was very similar in activation to the CC group, supporting the assimilation hypothesis. Additional support for the assimilation hypothesis was the finding that higher proficiency in the CE group was related to increased activation in the Chinese network (as defined by the CC > EE), including the left middle frontal gyrus, the right inferior parietal lobule, and the right precuneus, and decreased activation in the English network (as defined by the EE > CC), including the left inferior frontal gyrus and the left inferior temporal gyrus. Although most of the results support assimilation, there was some evidence for accommodation as the CE group showed less activation in the Chinese network including the right middle occipital gyrus, which has been argued to be involved in holistic visuospatial processing of Chinese characters.

  19. Confucius Institute Programming in the United States: Language Ideology, Hegemony, and the Making of Chinese Culture in University Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stambach, Amy

    2015-01-01

    This article explores how Confucius Institute teachers and U.S. students use language to index qualities of Chinese people and culture. The study draws on the model of "linguistic fact" to argue that students' and teachers' contextualized use of language occurs in relation to their different yet naturalized assumptions about a commonly…

  20. Contribution of Oral Language Skills, Linguistic Skills, and Transcription Skills to Chinese Written Composition among Fourth-Grade Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeung, Pui-sze; Ho, Connie Suk-han; Chan, David Wai-ock; Chung, Kevin Kien-hoa

    2013-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate the contribution of oral language skills, linguistic skills, and transcription skills to Chinese written composition among Grade 4 students in Hong Kong. Measures assessing verbal working memory, oral language skills, linguistic skills (i.e., syntactic skills and discourse skills), transcription skills (i.e.,…

  1. Contribution of Oral Language Skills, Linguistic Skills, and Transcription Skills to Chinese Written Composition among Fourth-Grade Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeung, Pui-sze; Ho, Connie Suk-han; Chan, David Wai-ock; Chung, Kevin Kien-hoa

    2013-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate the contribution of oral language skills, linguistic skills, and transcription skills to Chinese written composition among Grade 4 students in Hong Kong. Measures assessing verbal working memory, oral language skills, linguistic skills (i.e., syntactic skills and discourse skills), transcription skills (i.e.,…

  2. Confucius Institute Programming in the United States: Language Ideology, Hegemony, and the Making of Chinese Culture in University Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stambach, Amy

    2015-01-01

    This article explores how Confucius Institute teachers and U.S. students use language to index qualities of Chinese people and culture. The study draws on the model of "linguistic fact" to argue that students' and teachers' contextualized use of language occurs in relation to their different yet naturalized assumptions about a commonly…

  3. The Tongue in Between: Some Thoughts on the Teaching of Chinese as a Second Language in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Chee Lay

    2014-01-01

    In Singapore's unique and complex linguistic environment, it is common to have Chinese-language learners from many different backgrounds in the same school classroom, which is why Singapore is nicknamed as a "language laboratory." In this paper, I hope to examine our linguistic environment and response strategies from different angles,…

  4. The Impact of an Online Learning Community Project on University Chinese as a Foreign Language Students' Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Shengrong; Zhu, Wei

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of an online learning community project on university students' motivation in learning Chinese as a foreign language. A newly proposed second language (L2) motivation theory--the L2 motivational self system (Dornyei, 2005, 2009)--guided this study. A concurrent transformative mixed-methods design was employed to…

  5. Differential Influences of Parental Home Literacy Practices and Anxiety in English as a Foreign Language on Chinese Children's English Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, Bonnie Wing-Yin; Chui, Barbie Hiu-Tung; Lai, Michael Wei-Chun; Kwok, Sylvia Y. C. L.

    2017-01-01

    This study investigated the differential influences of maternal and paternal factors on Chinese children's English as a foreign language development. It took into account both behavioral (i.e. parental home literacy practices, HLP; and children's vocabulary knowledge) and emotional (i.e. parental and children's foreign language reading anxiety,…

  6. Preparing for the European Language Portfolio: Internet Connections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glover, Philip; Mirici, Ismail Hakki; Aksu, Mualla Bilgin

    2005-01-01

    The European Language Portfolio (ELP) is a tool for developing learner responsibility and autonomy through reflection and self-awareness.The ELP is based on the Common European Framework (CEF) Reference Levels that enable learners to describe what they can do in different languages.The CEF is a Council of Europe initiative aimed at improving the…

  7. Incorporating English Language Learner Instruction within Special Education Teacher Preparation

    Science.gov (United States)

    More, Cori M.; Spies, Tracy Griffin; Morgan, Joseph John; Baker, Joshua N.

    2016-01-01

    The number of students who are English language learners (ELL) is increasing significantly across the United States. As this number increases, so does the number of students who are ELL and being identified as having disabilities. The intersection of English language instruction and special education is an emerging field of scholarship, and it is…

  8. Incorporating English Language Learner Instruction within Special Education Teacher Preparation

    Science.gov (United States)

    More, Cori M.; Spies, Tracy Griffin; Morgan, Joseph John; Baker, Joshua N.

    2016-01-01

    The number of students who are English language learners (ELL) is increasing significantly across the United States. As this number increases, so does the number of students who are ELL and being identified as having disabilities. The intersection of English language instruction and special education is an emerging field of scholarship, and it is…

  9. 中国手语与中国古文字的比较%A Comparison of Chinese Sign Language and Chinese Ancient Characters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓梅; 谭中华

    2014-01-01

    Sign language originated from primitive society and it had a close relation with original language;Ancient Chinese characters recorded the original language and they are expressions of written original language. This paper, by comparing Chinese sign language with Chinese ancient characters, shows the similarities and differences between them and discusses the problems between the two and the original language and primitive thought, providing a new perspective for the research on sign language and ancient characters.%手语起源于原始社会,与原始语言有着密切的关系;古文字记录着原始语言,是原始语言书面化的体现者。通过中国手语与中国古文字比较,突出展现了二者的异同点,进而探讨了二者与原始语言、原始思维等方面的问题,为手语研究和古文字研究提供了一个新的角度。

  10. A Neglected Aspect of the Standards: Preparing Foreign Language Spanish Teachers to Teach Pronunciation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morin, Regina

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses reasons for explicit pronunciation instruction, despite the continued neglect of this area in the communicative classroom. "ACTFL/NCATE Program Standards for the Preparation of Foreign Language Teachers (2002)" and "Standards for Foreign Language Learning in the 21st Century" (National Standards, 1999) dictate that teachers…

  11. Preparing Preservice Teachers for Instruction on English-Language Development with Video Lesson Modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ping

    2011-01-01

    This study explored the use of video lesson modules in a teaching methodology course to prepare preservice teachers for supporting the English-language development of pupils at K-8 schools. The basic material of a lesson module is a video lesson featuring instruction of an experienced classroom teacher in an English-language development setting of…

  12. A Proposed Pedagogical Approach for Preparing Teacher Candidates to Incorporate Academic Language in Mathematics Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Woong; Stallings, Lynn; Kim, Dong Joong

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to present issues related to prioritizing academic language in teaching performance assessments and to propose a pedagogical approach that prepares middle grades mathematics teacher candidates to teach academic language. Based on our experience with teacher candidates and our knowledge of edTPA standards involving…

  13. Language dominance in translation priming: evidence from balanced and unbalanced Chinese-English bilinguals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xin

    2013-01-01

    It is well established in the masked translation priming literature that the priming effect is sensitive to language direction with noncognates-namely, the priming effect is consistently observed from first language (L1) to second language (L2), but not always from L2 to L1. Several recent reports demonstrated both L1-L2 and L2-L1 priming and attributed the restoration of L2-L1 priming to high proficiency in L2. Here, the current study tested two groups of highly proficient Chinese-English bilinguals, with one group more dominant in English and the other more balanced in both languages. The L2-L1 priming effect was only observed with the balanced bilinguals, but not the English-dominant ones. Based on these results, I argue that the language proficiency account is not sufficient to explain the priming asymmetry and that the relative bilingual balance is a more accurate account. Theoretically, the cross-language balance is determined by the representational difference between L1 and L2 at the semantic level. I discuss the results in relation to various bilingual models, in particular, the sense model and the distributional representational model (DRM), which capture the semantic representations of bilinguals.

  14. Critical Pedagogy and Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Chinese College Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋馨

    2013-01-01

    In the field of second language acquisition (SLA), weight has been increasingly attached to the role that a problem-pos-ing model of education plays in English as second/foreign language (ES/FL) teaching and learning. By exploring various concepts of the problem-posing approach, also known as critical pedagogy, and its implications for English language teaching (ELT) in the Chinese postsecondary EFL context, the paper makes a tentative attempt to acknowledge the future directions of implementing critical pedagogy in the EFL context. Therefore, the paper is inspired by the ever-increasing popularity of the critical pedagogical approach in the ESL context. The application of critical orientation in language education derives from critical theories of the Frankfurt School, which centers on Marxist societal beliefs of struggling against social inequalities. With the concept of critical pedagogy drawing increasing attention from language educators and teachers alike in English-speaking countries; non-native English teachers who teach in the EFL context has also begun to focus their attention on the educational philosophy as a means to help transform traditional oppressed status of the Chinese EFL learners. From this perspective, this paper, by investigating the multi-dimensional implied meanings of implementing critical pedagogy in the EFL context, unraveling how it works as a way of“doing”in second language (L2) teaching and learning, identifying the probable contexts of critical pedagogy and the contesta-tions surrounding critical pedagogy, aims to address the significance of implementing critical pedagogy as an effective way of re-forming the ailing English education condition in China.

  15. Cross-Language Competition in Language Production of Chinese-as-A-Second-Language Learners%汉语为二语学习者言语产生中的跨语言干扰

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李利; 郭红婷; 华乐萌; 方银萍; 王瑞明

    2012-01-01

    examine the consequence of having to prepare alternatives in both languages. Whether there is cross-language competition in the language production of Chinese-as-a-second-language learners? To examine the issue above, this paper completed two experiments using the new paradigm of competitor priming paradigm, which is based on implicit memory. There are 18 Chinese-as-a-second-language learners who are Russian natives in Experiment 1 and 18 learners who are Japanese natives in Experiment 2. Participants were constructed to complete overt picture naming task during the study phase and during the test phase. Naming latencies and accuracy were recorded. 60 black-and-white line drawings were sampled from Zhang and Yang (2003). Both experiments were carried out on computers using E-Prime software. Participants were seated in front of a computer monitor, a button box, a microphone, and a digital recorder. SPSS 16 software was used to analyze the results data. The crucial result of this study is that there is significant facilitation only in the congruent condition. Response time was faster for the old pictures presented in the same language than those for the new pictures. Furthermore, there is no significant difference between response time for the old pictures presented in the different language and those for the new pictures. These results reveal that there is cross-language competition during word production of Chinese-as-a-second-language learners. In conclusion, the present experiment provides evidence for cross-language competition using competitor priming paradigm whether bilinguals' two languages differ in script or not

  16. Language, Parents' Involvement, and Social Justice: The Fight for Maintaining Minority Home Language: A Chinese-Language Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yuxiang

    2009-01-01

    English-only policies and the expiration of the "Bilingual Education Act," which is now replaced by "No Child Left Behind," make it clear that English is the official language of schools in the United States with the emphasis moved from the goal of maintaining students' home languages while learning English to a focus of ignoring minority…

  17. Applicability of the Compensatory Encoding Model in Foreign Language Reading: An Investigation with Chinese College English Language Learners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Feifei

    2017-01-01

    While some first language (L1) reading models suggest that inefficient word recognition and small working memory tend to inhibit higher-level comprehension processes; the Compensatory Encoding Model maintains that slow word recognition and small working memory do not normally hinder reading comprehension, as readers are able to operate metacognitive strategies to compensate for inefficient word recognition and working memory limitation as long as readers process a reading task without time constraint. Although empirical evidence is accumulated for support of the Compensatory Encoding Model in L1 reading, there is lack of research for testing of the Compensatory Encoding Model in foreign language (FL) reading. This research empirically tested the Compensatory Encoding Model in English reading among Chinese college English language learners (ELLs). Two studies were conducted. Study one focused on testing whether reading condition varying time affects the relationship between word recognition, working memory, and reading comprehension. Students were tested on a computerized English word recognition test, a computerized Operation Span task, and reading comprehension in time constraint and non-time constraint reading. The correlation and regression analyses showed that the strength of association was much stronger between word recognition, working memory, and reading comprehension in time constraint than that in non-time constraint reading condition. Study two examined whether FL readers were able to operate metacognitive reading strategies as a compensatory way of reading comprehension for inefficient word recognition and working memory limitation in non-time constraint reading. The participants were tested on the same computerized English word recognition test and Operation Span test. They were required to think aloud while reading and to complete the comprehension questions. The think-aloud protocols were coded for concurrent use of reading strategies, classified

  18. Language, Identity, and Emotionality: Exploring the Potential of Language Portraits in Preparing Teachers for Diverse Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Sunny Man Chu

    2016-01-01

    The present study, framed from a critical and transformative approach to teacher education, aims to investigate whether language portraits (Prasad, 2010)--the mapping of one's language and cultural make-up on a body template--can help improve student teachers' self-understanding about language and identities and can foster critical reflection…

  19. Inhibition of non-target languages in multilingual word production: evidence from Uighur-Chinese-English trilinguals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Taomei; Liu, Fengqin; Chen, Bingle; Li, Shengcao

    2013-07-01

    The present study examined the hypothesis whether non-target languages are inhibited during multilingual language production by examining the n-2 language repetition cost. In two experiments, Uighur-Chinese-English trilinguals named Arabic digits in one of their three languages according to a visually presented cue. Significant n-2 repetition costs were obtained in both experiments, which indicate that inhibition exists during multilingual word production. In addition, in Experiment 1, it was also found that the n-2 repetition cost was reduced when cues were highly compatible with the task, which means non-target languages are less inhibited. In Experiment 2, the n-2 repetition cost was increased at a shorter CSI. Taken together, these results indicate that inhibition of non-target languages occurs during multilingual language production, and that efficiency of establishing the target language task schema has an effect on the inhibitory control process.

  20. 新加坡双语教育政策下的华文处境%Singaporean Policies on Bilingual Education and the Situation of the Chinese Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝洪梅; 高伟浓

    2004-01-01

    There are quite a number of oversea Chinese who live in Singapore but they speak and learn Chinese as a second foreign language. Most oversea Chinese both in Singapore and the world have shown great concerns to this phenomenon. Then through their effort, the education of Chinese and other languages have co - existed since last century. Therefore, the education of Chinese is not a national problem nor a sensitive issue, but the development of its own education is not so optimistic and problems still exist. With these in view, the paper provides correlative reference about these problems and,the solutions to the present plight of the Chinese language caused by Singapore' s language policies and reality. Then it suggests opportunities and challenges the oversea Chinese will face in their development of the education.

  1. Preparing Principals for Success with English Language Learners: Challenges and Opportunities in Illinois

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeves, Alison; Van Tuyle, Vicki

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the challenges and opportunities of the English Language Learner (ELL) components of Illinois' new principal preparation legislation [Illinois Public Act 96-0903]. In 2011, Illinois passed Illinois Public Act 96-0903 creating new rules for principal preparation programs requiring institutions or organizations certifying…

  2. Language-universal sensory deficits in developmental dyslexia: English, Spanish, and Chinese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Usha; Wang, H-L Sharon; Cruz, Alicia; Fosker, Tim; Mead, Natasha; Huss, Martina

    2011-02-01

    Studies in sensory neuroscience reveal the critical importance of accurate sensory perception for cognitive development. There is considerable debate concerning the possible sensory correlates of phonological processing, the primary cognitive risk factor for developmental dyslexia. Across languages, children with dyslexia have a specific difficulty with the neural representation of the phonological structure of speech. The identification of a robust sensory marker of phonological difficulties would enable early identification of risk for developmental dyslexia and early targeted intervention. Here, we explore whether phonological processing difficulties are associated with difficulties in processing acoustic cues to speech rhythm. Speech rhythm is used across languages by infants to segment the speech stream into words and syllables. Early difficulties in perceiving auditory sensory cues to speech rhythm and prosody could lead developmentally to impairments in phonology. We compared matched samples of children with and without dyslexia, learning three very different spoken and written languages, English, Spanish, and Chinese. The key sensory cue measured was rate of onset of the amplitude envelope (rise time), known to be critical for the rhythmic timing of speech. Despite phonological and orthographic differences, for each language, rise time sensitivity was a significant predictor of phonological awareness, and rise time was the only consistent predictor of reading acquisition. The data support a language-universal theory of the neural basis of developmental dyslexia on the basis of rhythmic perception and syllable segmentation. They also suggest that novel remediation strategies on the basis of rhythm and music may offer benefits for phonological and linguistic development.

  3. The (Un)Changing Role of Mandarin Chinese in Language Education in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Cheung-Shing Samuel; Yuen-Fan, Lomita Wong

    1996-01-01

    Explains how the education system in Hong Kong has helped to shape Hong Kong's past diglossia and how the country is preparing to face the changes inherent in the new political context in which Putonghua will be another element. Reports on the status and use of Cantonese and Putonghua (the national language of the People's Republic of China). (33…

  4. Extracting important information from Chinese Operation Notes with natural language processing methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hui; Zhang, Weide; Zeng, Qiang; Li, Zuofeng; Feng, Kaiyan; Liu, Lei

    2014-04-01

    Extracting information from unstructured clinical narratives is valuable for many clinical applications. Although natural Language Processing (NLP) methods have been profoundly studied in electronic medical records (EMR), few studies have explored NLP in extracting information from Chinese clinical narratives. In this study, we report the development and evaluation of extracting tumor-related information from operation notes of hepatic carcinomas which were written in Chinese. Using 86 operation notes manually annotated by physicians as the training set, we explored both rule-based and supervised machine-learning approaches. Evaluating on unseen 29 operation notes, our best approach yielded 69.6% in precision, 58.3% in recall and 63.5% F-score. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. The Effects of Wiki-Based Recursive Process Writing on Chinese Narrative Essays for Chinese as a Second Language (CSL) Students in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chin, Chee Kuen; Gong, Cheng; Tay, Boon Pei

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports on the effects of using wiki-based process writing in Singapore's Chinese as a Second Language (CSL) scenarios. A group of 32 Secondary 1 (Seventh Grade) students ("Students") received various forms of online scaffolding at different steps of the writing process over two years. A whole set of teaching materials on 45…

  6. Using tasks to enhance beginners’ orientations for learning Chinese as a foreign language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruan, Youjin; Duan, Xiaoju; Du, Xiangyun

    2015-01-01

    This study explores learners’ orientations, or goals, for learning Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) in a Danish university. Drawing upon empirical data from both pre- and post-course surveys and group interviews, this study examines in what aspects and to what extent these orientations change......, and by what these changes are caused, in a university-wide CFL course using task-based teaching and learning (TBTL). The study identifies four orientations. Results indicate that the knowledge orientation plays a vital role in the learning process, while instrumental orientation appears to be the least...... and enhance learner motivation. The study also discusses challenges encountered in helping beginners learn a foreign language via TBTL....

  7. Tasks and learner motivation in learning Chinese as a foreign language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruan, Youjin; Duan, Xiaoju; Du, Xiangyun

    2015-01-01

    factors, which can boost learners’ intrinsic motivation, when designing a task, especially at a beginning stage of foreign language learning, and to integrate cultural elements into tasks as an added value to motivate learners. Finally, this study identifies challenges and barriers related to TBTL......This study focuses on how beginner learners in a task-based teaching and learning (TBTL) environment perceive what is motivating to them in the process of learning Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) at Aalborg University (AAU), Denmark. Drawing upon empirical data from surveys, group interviews...... and participant observation, this study explores which kinds of tasks are perceived as motivating from the students’ perspective and which characteristics the learners associate with motivating tasks. The study indicates that it is important to consider the learners’ affective factors and learning situation...

  8. The Influences of the Different Ways of Thinking Between Chinese and English In Languages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Zhendong

    2015-01-01

    由于中西方人们生活的背景和环境的不同,这就导致了我们彼此思维方式的不同,思维方式的不同体现在语言方面。论文通过词汇,表达及在观念上的表现总结了不同的思维在语言上的影响。%The background of living and environment people live in lead to the different ways of thinking in languages between Chinese and westerners.The paper sums up the influences from the different ways of thinking upon the languages through vocabulary,expression and the manifestation in conception.

  9. 自然手语与文法手语的区别%A Brief Analysis of Differences Between Natural Sign Language and Chinese Sign Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    由婧涵

    2014-01-01

    Natural sign language and Chinese sign language are the two common ways for deaf people to communicate with deaf people and the hearing people. In 1960, Dr. More, the authority of American linguistic history, drew a conclusion that sign language is a language of a linguistics. Since then sign language is studied as a language. This article discusses the differences between natural sign language and Chinese sign language from the following three aspects: the scope of application differences, the characteristic differences and the grammatical differences. In order to get the facilitate intuitive experience of grammatical differences, many examples are used in the article.%自然手语和文法手语是聋人间及聋人与听人间交流的两种普遍方式。自从1960年美国语言学权威史多基博士得出了手语是一门语言学意义上的语言的结论后,手语便作为语言来研究。文章从两者的适用范围差异、特点上的差异、语法的差异这三方面进行论述,在语法的差异上,例举实例,便于直观地体会二者在语法上的差异。

  10. Loan Words and the Psychology of Chinese Language%外来词与汉民族语言心理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高燕

    2001-01-01

    语言具有民族性。汉语是一种古老的语言,具有鲜明的特性,它使汉语使用者产生了特有的语言心理。外来词在译介和使用的过程中突出地体现了望文生义、单音有义以及趋新求异的汉民族语言心理。%Language is characteristic of nationality. Chinese is an ancientlanguage and has promoted the Chinese speakers to produce the particular psychology of language. Loan words show evidently the psychology of Chinese language when they are translated and used.

  11. A Comparative Study on Pro-drop and Non-pro-drop Language-Taking Chi-nese (Pro-drop Language) and English (Non-pro-drop Language) as the Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Li

    2014-01-01

    In Chomsky’s Government and Binding theory, null subject is a kind of Empty Category, namely“pro”. Whether subject can be empty constitutes an important parameter of universal grammar, called pro-drop Parameter which is often used to indicate the syntactic difference in human language. According to that, Chomsky divides human language into two categories:pro-drop language and non pro-drop language. The former one allows the loss of the subject, stood for by Italian, Spanish, Chi-nese, etc. The latter consists of English, French, etc. whose subjects cannot be omitted. Through a comparative study, taking Chi-nese and English as the examples, this paper aims to disclose the differences between pro-drop language and non pro-drop lan-guage.

  12. Is Mandarin Chinese a truth-based language? Rejecting responses to negative assertions and questions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feifei Li

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the central question of whether Mandarin Chinese (MC is a canonical truth-based language, a language that is expected to express the speaker’s disagreement to a negative proposition by means of a negative particle followed by a positive sentence. Eight native speakers of MC participated in an oral Discourse Completion Task which elicited rejecting responses to negative propositions and broad focus statements (control condition. Results show that MC speakers convey REJECT by relying on a combination of lexico-syntactic strategies (e.g., negative particles such as bù, méi(yǒu, and positive sentences together with prosodic (e.g., mean pitch and gestural strategies (mainly, the use of head nods. Importantly, the use of a negative particle, which was the expected outcome in truth-based languages, only appeared in 52% of the rejecting answers. This system puts into question the macroparametric division between truth-based and polarity-based languages and calls for a more general view of the instantiation of a REJECT speech act that integrates lexical and syntactic strategies with prosodic and gestural strategies.

  13. A Comparison of Inter-Professional Education Programs in Preparing Prospective Teachers and Speech and Language Pathologists for Collaborative Language-Literacy Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Leanne; McNeill, Brigid; Gillon, Gail T.

    2016-01-01

    Ensuring teacher and speech and language pathology graduates are prepared to work collaboratively together to meet the diverse language literacy learning needs of children is an important goal. This study investigated the efficacy of a 3-h inter-professional education program focused on explicit instruction in the language skills that underpin…

  14. [Preliminary study on suitability of ozone sterilization in traditional Chinese medicine and its preparation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yan-jun; Wang, Ya-qi; Wu, Zhen-feng; Lan, Ji-ping; Zhang, Li-guo; Yang, Ming

    2015-08-01

    Microbial contamination, growth and reproduction have a great influence on the quality of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and its preparation. TCM may be polluted by microbial in the production process due to ambient air, facilities and appliances and operating personnel, which affects the quality and efficacy of the final product. The GMP certification inspection standard of TCM manufacturing enterprises clearly established: "Sterilization methods of Chinese herbal medicine, intermediate products, finished products should follow the principle whether or not to change its quality", "TCM powder that used as medicine directly should follow the principle whether to do microbiological examinations". So it's particularly important for product quality, corporate energy consumption and its efficiency to choose the scientific and effective sterilization techniques and methods. Ozone is a kind of safe, environmentally friendly, efficient and no residue emerging sterilization technology. It has been widely applied in various fields of medical and health care and production and living. This paper mainly analyzed the ozone sterilization technology of TCM, aiming to explore the principle of ozone sterilization, the advantages, application status and existing problems and so on. The management regulations and implementation rules of ozone sterilization were summarized to make sterilization of Chinese medicine in the production, management, quality control and other aspects standardized, reasonable and scientific, and to provide the theoretical reference of the ozone sterilization technology for TCM and its preparation.

  15. Preparing Early Childhood Teachers to Work With Young Dual Language Learners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zepeda, Marlene; Castro, Dina C; Cronin, Sharon

    2011-03-01

    Teacher preparation is clearly linked to the quality of early childhood programs. In order for young dual language learners (DLLs) to be academically successful, teacher preparation should focus on those skills and abilities relevant to students' particular needs. This article reviews the content of professional preparation for early educators working with young DLLs and briefly discusses the importance of developing the cultural and linguistic diversity of the early childhood workforce. It identifies 6 content areas: (a) understanding language development, (b) understanding the relationship between language and culture, (c) developing skills and abilities to effectively teach DLLs, (d) developing abilities to use assessment in meaningful ways for DLLs, (e) developing a sense of professionalism, and (f) understanding how to work with families.

  16. Serving a diverse population: the role of speech-language pathology professional preparation programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Sharon R; Gonzalez, Lori S

    2002-01-01

    A national survey of 228 program directors was conducted to determine how master's level professional preparation programs are meeting the challenge of preparing speech-language pathologists to provide quality services to an increasingly diverse population. A total of 91 respondents provided information regarding their programs' efforts to address diversity by increasing the diversity of speech-language pathology professionals, preparing students in research for diverse populations, and providing students with the didactic knowledge and clinical experience required to serve diverse populations. Results indicated that professional preparation programs continue to lag in their enrollment of minority students, but there are efforts actively to recruit and retain students from diverse groups. Much variation in preparation in research was found across programs. Graduate students are being presented with information concerning diversity issues, but clinical experiences vary greatly according to the geographic location of the preparation program and individual practicum placements. Implications of these findings for speech-language pathology preparation programs and other allied health programs are discussed.

  17. Preparative separation of polyphenols from water-soluble fraction of Chinese propolis using macroporous absorptive resin coupled with preparative high performance liquid chromatography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Aifeng; Xuan, Hongzhuan; Sun, Ailing; Liu, Renmin; Cui, Jichun

    2016-02-15

    In this study, a preparative separation method was developed for isolation of eleven polyphenols from water-soluble fraction of Chinese propolis using macroporous absorptive resin (MAR) coupled with preparative high performance liquid chromatography (PHPLC). Water-soluble fraction of Chinese propolis was first "prefractioned" using MAR, which yielded four subfractions. The four subfractions were then isolated by PHPLC with an isocratic elution of methanol-water. Finally, eleven polyphenols were purified from Chinese propolis including caffeic acid, ferulic acid, isoferulic acid, 3,4-dimethoxy cinnamic acid, pinobanksin, caffeic acid benzyl ester, caffeic acid phenethyl ester, apigenin, pinocembrin, chrysin and galangin. The purities of the compounds were determined by HPLC and the chemical structures were confirmed by UV and NMR analysis. The method developed was simple, effective, rapid, scalable and economical, and it was a promising basis for large-scale preparation of multiple components from natural products.

  18. Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses of Traditional Chinese Medicine Must Search Chinese Databases to Reduce Language Bias

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xin-Yin; Tang, Jin-Ling; Mao, Chen; Yuan, Jin-Qiu; Qin, Ying; Chung, Vincent C. H.

    2013-01-01

    Systematic reviews (SRs) that fail to search non-English databases may miss relevant studies and cause selection bias. The bias may be particularly severe in SRs of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) as most randomized controlled trials (RCT) in TCM are published and accessible only in Chinese. In this study we investigated how often Chinese databases were not searched in SRs of TCM, how many trials were missed, and whether a bias may occur if Chinese databases were not searched. We searched 5 databases in English and 3 in Chinese for RCTs of Chinese herbal medicine for coronary artery disease and found that 96.64% (115/119) eligible studies could be identified only from Chinese databases. In a random sample of 80 Cochrane reviews on TCM, we found that Chinese databases were only searched in 43 or 53.75%, in which almost all the included studies were identified from Chinese databases. We also compared SRs of the same topic and found that they may draw a different conclusion if Chinese databases were not searched. In conclusion, an overwhelmingly high percentage of eligible trials on TCM could only be identified in Chinese databases. Reviewers in TCM are suggested to search Chinese databases to reduce potential selection bias. PMID:24223063

  19. A Case Study of Chinese University English as a Foreign Language (EFL) Students' Attitudes toward Learning Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Kenneth Michael

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative case study investigates Chinese university English in the context of foreign language (EFL) learners' attitudes about video-aided instruction (VAI), video recording instruction, and mobile phone instruction (learning technologies). When I was working as an English teacher in Mainland China, several instructors and students stated…

  20. Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety among China Chinese Students Undergoing the Laureate English Programme in INTI International University, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ampalagan, Meghavaani d/o; Sellupillai, Mogana d/o; Yap, Sze Sze

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between foreign language classroom anxiety (communication apprehension, test anxiety and fear of negative evaluation) among Mainland Chinese students undergoing the Laureate English Programme in INTI International University, Malaysia. The participants of this study consisted of 75…

  1. Decolonization, Educational Language Policy and Nation Building in Plural Societies: The Development of Chinese Education in Malaysia, 1950-1970

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sua, Tan Yao

    2013-01-01

    The two decades from 1950 to 1970 were a crucial period of educational reorganization in Malaysia that stemmed from the decolonization after the Second World War. This educational reorganization sought to address the perennial issue of nation building via educational language policy. The development of Chinese education was under severe threat as…

  2. CoCAR: An Online Synchronous Training Model for Empowering ICT Capacity of Teachers of Chinese as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lan, Yu-Ju; Chang, Kuo-En; Chen, Nian-Shing

    2012-01-01

    In response to the need to cultivate pre-service Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) teachers' information and communication technology (ICT) competency in online synchronous environments, this research adopted a three-stage cyclical model named "cooperation-based cognition, action, and reflection" (CoCAR). The model was implemented in an 18-week…

  3. Portfolio Development for In-Service Teachers to Learn the New Chinese Language Teaching Pedagogy in Hong Kong Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Pui Lee

    2009-01-01

    The primary focus of this study is the use of portfolio development in an in-service teacher education course that aimed to help primary school teachers develop a better understanding of, and ability to implement, an innovative teaching approach--namely, task-based learning (TBL)--in Chinese language. It explores the impact of portfolio…

  4. Sustaining Expertise through Collaborative/Peer-Mediated and Individual Reflections: The Experiences of Chinese English Language Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawan, Faridah; Fan, Wenfang

    2014-01-01

    This exploratory investigation of the professional development of Chinese English Language teachers (ELTs) was part of a collaboration between two teacher educators, one from the U.S. and the other from China, during the 2011-2012 academic year. We were involved in the professional development in three schools (elementary, middle and high schools)…

  5. Chinese L2 Users' Acquisition of the Simple Past Tense in English and Its Implications for Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华慧; 孙鑫

    2012-01-01

    This paper sets out to examine some problems in Chinese L2 users' acquisition of the simple past tense in English, for instance, L1 influence and overgeneralization, etc. This paper also represents an attempt to explore some relevant implications for language teaching, for example, the proposals to give due weight to negative evidence, to adopt Consciousness-raising, and so on.

  6. The Role of Morphological Awareness in Reading Achievement among Young Chinese-Speaking English Language Learners: A Longitudinal Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Katie; Chen, Xi; Geva, Esther; Luo, Yang C.; Li, Hong

    2012-01-01

    The present study examined the development of morphological awareness and its contribution to vocabulary and reading comprehension among young Chinese-speaking English language learners (ELLs). We focused on two aspects of morphological awareness: derivational awareness and compound awareness. Participants included 46 kindergarteners (younger…

  7. "Better English Is the Better Mind": Influence of Language Skills on Sense of Belonging in Chinese International Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Christina W.

    2016-01-01

    Chinese students are currently the largest international student population in the United States (UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2014). However, little research exists on these particular students' lived experiences with language and interactions with domestic students and how these experiences affect their sense of belonging in residence halls.…

  8. Incorporating Competency-Based Blended Learning in a Chinese Language Classroom: A Web 2.0 Drupal Module Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chung-Kai; Lin, Chun-Yu; Chiang, Yueh-Hui

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to create a blended learning environment, based on the concept of competency-based training, in a Chinese as a Foreign Language (CFL) classroom at an American university. Drupal platform and web 2.0 tools were used as supplements to traditional face-to-face classroom instruction. Students completed various selective tasks and…

  9. Preparation and characterisation of the oligosaccharides derived from Chinese water chestnut polysaccharides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Sheng-Jun; Yu, Lin

    2015-08-15

    Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a strong oxidant that cleaves glycosidic bonds in polysaccharides. In this study, the oligosaccharides were prepared by removing the starch from Chinese water chestnuts through hydrolysis using α-amylase and then hydrolysing the remaining polysaccharides with H2O2, during which the oligosaccharide yield was monitored. The yield of oligosaccharide was affected by reaction time, temperature, and H2O2 concentration. Extended reaction times, high temperatures, and high H2O2 concentrations decreased oligosaccharide yield. Under optimum conditions (i.e., reaction time of 4h, reaction temperature of 80°C, and 2.5% H2O2 concentration), the maximum oligosaccharide yield was 3.91%. The oligosaccharides derived from Chinese water chestnuts polysaccharides exhibited strong hydroxyl and 2,2-diphenyl-β-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity when applied at a concentration of 100 μg/mL. The results indicate that the oligosaccharides derived from Chinese water chestnuts polysaccharides possessed good antioxidant properties and can be developed as a new dietary supplement and functional food.

  10. 浅谈专科语文教育专业现代汉语语音文字的教学%Modern Chinese Language Voice Teaching in College's Chinese Education Professional

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小艳

    2012-01-01

    Modern Chinese is Chinese language literature specialized required course,also is a main course of this specialty,for Chinese education of professional students,be sure to learn Chinese,and lay a solid language foundation.%现代汉语是汉语言文学专业的一门专业必修课,也是本专业的主干课程,对于语文教育专业的学生来说,务必学好现代汉语,打下坚实的语言文字基础。

  11. [Exploration into the preparation of placebos used in Chinese medicinal clinical trial].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Xu-Dong; Bian, Li-Qun; Gao, Rui

    2009-07-01

    Placebo-controlled clinical trials have been more and more emphasized in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) researches, while the preparation of TCM placebos is still to be improved. For this work, some elements should be taken into consideration comprehensively, including the design of clinical trial, the characteristics of researched disease, the nature of testing drugs, and the way of medication, etc. And the technological process for placebo manufacturing should be selected properly depending upon the basis of the above elements. Un-biased foodstuff is good as excipient for TCM placebos preparation. The placebo should be made in dosage-form similar to that of the testing drug as possible, if there are difficulties for simulating them in appearance and smell completely. However, its potential pharmacological activity meeting to the acceptance of researchers should be ensured.

  12. Prescribed Commercially-Prepared Language Arts Intervention Curriculum: Illuminating a Practitioner Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fabienke, Shonika

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the perceptions of a small group of Language Arts intervention teachers who have been prescribed a commercially-prepared intervention curriculum for use with their students. Written surveys and semi-structured interviews were used to gather data in pursuit of answers to the following research questions: (1) How do teachers…

  13. Analyzing the Preparation of Second Language Writing Teachers: A Grounded Theory Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nihlawi, Amina M. B.

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative study aims at understanding how current student-teachers enrolled in MATESOL and its related fields programs are being prepared to teach college-level second language writing. Data collected for this study included course syllabi, member check questionnaires, Conference on College Composition and Communication's (CCCC) position…

  14. Preparing Culturally and Linguistically Competent Teachers for English as an International Language Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Guofang

    2017-01-01

    Despite recent scholarly advancements in teaching English as an international language (EIL), its implementation in TESOL classrooms has been challenging and limited. Because English teachers play a significant role in EIL implementation in their daily lessons, preparing EIL-oriented teachers becomes critical. This article outlines major…

  15. Multicultural Teacher Education: Why Teachers Say It Matters in Preparing Them for English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolano, Lan Quach; Dávila, Liv Thorstensson; Lachance, Joan; Coffey, Heather

    2014-01-01

    Numerous studies show that mainstream classroom teachers still remain inadequately prepared to teach diverse students and lack the knowledge base and skills to teach English language learners (ELLs). This has profound implications, particularly in the Southeast, where the rate of school-aged Latino immigrants has grown significantly. Thus, this…

  16. The Effects of Wiki-based Recursive Process Writing on Chinese Narrative Essays for Chinese as a Second Language (CSL) Students in Singapore

    OpenAIRE

    Chee Kuen Chin; Cheng Gong; Boon Pei Tay

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports on the effects of using wiki-based process writing in Singapore’s Chinese as a Second Language (CSL) scenarios. A group of 32 Secondary 1 (Seventh Grade) students (“Students”) received various forms of online scaffolding at different steps of the writing process over two years. A whole set of teaching materials on 45 writing skills was developed and uploaded to the Wiki platform through five recursive cycles. In each cycle, the students were encouraged to app...

  17. Corrective Feedback in Classrooms at Different Proficiency Levels: A Case Study of Chinese as a Foreign Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Li

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study investigating the relationship between corrective feedback, students’ language proficiency and classroom communication orientation in classrooms of Chinese as a Foreign Language (CFL at a US university. Inspired by Lyster and Mori (2006, this comparative analysis of teacher-student interaction investigates the immediate effects of prompt, recast, and explicit correction on learner uptake and repair across three different Chinese proficiency levels. By use of two measurement tools—Error Treatment Model and COLT coding scheme, the study attempts to seek the distribution pattern of feedbacks and the sequent uptakes, as well as the impact of learners’ proficiency levels on the pattern of feedback and uptakes in CFL classrooms. Results show that recasts still remain the most common feedback type across the classes in this study. The uptake of feedback is influenced both by classroom communication orientation and the students’ language proficiency.

  18. "Seamlessly" Learning Chinese: Contextual Meaning Making and Vocabulary Growth in a Seamless Chinese as a Second Language Learning Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Lung-Hsiang; King, Ronnel B.; Chai, Ching Sing; Liu, May

    2016-01-01

    Second language learners are typically hampered by the lack of a natural environment to use the target language for authentic communication purpose (as a means for "learning by applying"). Thus, we propose MyCLOUD, a mobile-assisted seamless language learning approach that aims to nurture a second language social network that bridges…

  19. From English to Chinese, Japanese, and Russian: extending research visibility with language translations of a conference slide presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffecker, Lilian; Abbey, Dana

    2017-01-01

    Objective The research demonstrates that a conference slide presentation translated into non-English languages reaches significantly larger and different audiences than an English presentation alone. Methods The slides of a presentation from the Medical Library Association annual meeting were translated from English to Chinese, Japanese, and Russian and posted along with the English version to SlideShare, an open slide-hosting website. View counts, traffic sources, and geographic origins of the traffic for each language version were tracked over a twenty-two-month period. Results Total view counts for all 4 language versions amounted to 3,357 views, with the Chinese version accounting for 71% of the total views. The trends in view counts over time for the Japanese, Russian, and English versions were similar, with high interest at the beginning and a rapid drop and low level of viewing activity thereafter. The pattern of view counts for the Chinese version departed considerably from the other language versions, with very low activity at the beginning but a sharp rise 10 months later. This increase in activity was related to access to the presentations via a Taiwanese website that embedded the SlideShare website code. Conclusions Language translation can be a difficult and time-consuming task. However, translation of a conference slide presentation with limited text is an achievable activity and engages an international audience for information that is often not noticed or lost. Although English is by far the primary language of science and other disciplines, it is not necessarily the first or preferred language of global researchers. By offering appropriate language versions, the authors of presentations can expand the reach of their work. PMID:28096746

  20. Non-native Chinese Foreign Language (CFL) Teachers: Identity and Discourse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Chun

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Native Chinese foreign language (CFL) teacher identity is an emerging subject of research interest in the teacher education. Yet, limited study has been done on the construction of Non-native CFL teachers in their home culture. Guided by a concept of teacher identity......-in-discourse, the paper reports on a qualitative study that explores how three Non-native CFL teachers construct their teacher identity as they interact with Danish students while teaching CFL at one Danish university. Data collected from in-depth interviews over a period of two years show that the Non-native CFL...... teachers face tensions and challenges in constructing their identities as CFL teachers, and the tensions and challenges that arose from Danish teaching culture could influence the Non-native CFL teachers' contributions to CFL teaching in their home cultures. The findings further show that in order to cope...

  1. The contrast between Chinese and Japanese culture and language From the sociolinguistics point of view Introduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘英

    2009-01-01

    China and Japan are both Asian countries,which have the similar customs and ceremonies.From ancient time,china has had great impact on Japan,including the architectures,culture and customs.But later,Japan learns more from the western counties,especially from America.With the development of globalization,the contacts between countries are becoming more and more frequent.In order to achieve Success in diplomacy,we should learn more the rites about these countries.This paper mainly discusses the study of contrast between Chinese and Japanese relative tides from the sociolinguistic point of view,because there are close relationship between language and culture.

  2. Spectral analysis of Chinese language: Co-occurrence networks from four literary genres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Wei; Chen, Guanrong

    2016-05-01

    The eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the adjacency matrix of a network contain essential information about its topology. For each of the Chinese language co-occurrence networks constructed from four literary genres, i.e., essay, popular science article, news report, and novel, it is found that the largest eigenvalue depends on the network size N, the number of edges, the average shortest path length, and the clustering coefficient. Moreover, it is found that their node-degree distributions all follow a power-law. The number of different eigenvalues, Nλ, is found numerically to increase in the manner of Nλ ∝ log N for novel and Nλ ∝ N for the other three literary genres. An "M" shape or a triangle-like distribution appears in their spectral densities. The eigenvector corresponding to the largest eigenvalue is mostly localized to a node with the largest degree. For the above observed phenomena, mathematical analysis is provided with interpretation from a linguistic perspective.

  3. Study on Chinese and American Compliments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨东英; 刘宝昌

    2006-01-01

    Chinese and Americans have different cultural background. They value different principles in expressing compliments and respond to them. Chinese tend to be self-denial to show modesty. Americans have a tendency of self-praising to demonstrate their confidence. Based on Leech's politeness principle, the paper analyzes typical instances. In conclusion, as language learner, we should aware it and prepare to be bicultural instead of bilingual. As a Chinese, we should keep our own culture identity instead of Americanized.

  4. Quality assurance for Chinese herbal formulae: standardization of IBS-20, a 20-herb preparation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bensoussan Alan

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The employment of well characterized test samples prepared from authenticated, high quality medicinal plant materials is key to reproducible herbal research. The present study aims to demonstrate a quality assurance program covering the acquisition, botanical validation, chemical standardization and good manufacturing practices (GMP production of IBS-20, a 20-herb Chinese herbal formula under study as a potential agent for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Methods Purity and contaminant tests for the presence of toxic metals, pesticide residues, mycotoxins and microorganisms were performed. Qualitative chemical fingerprint analysis and quantitation of marker compounds of the herbs, as well as that of the IBS-20 formula was carried out with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC. Extraction and manufacture of the 20-herb formula were carried out under GMP. Chemical standardization was performed with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS analysis. Stability of the formula was monitored with HPLC in real time. Results Quality component herbs, purchased from a GMP supplier were botanically and chemically authenticated and quantitative HPLC profiles (fingerprints of each component herb and of the composite formula were established. An aqueous extract of the mixture of the 20 herbs was prepared and formulated into IBS-20, which was chemically standardized by LC-MS, with 20 chemical compounds serving as reference markers. The stability of the formula was monitored and shown to be stable at room temperature. Conclusion A quality assurance program has been developed for the preparation of a standardized 20-herb formulation for use in the clinical studies for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS. The procedures developed in the present study will serve as a protocol for other poly-herbal Chinese medicine studies.

  5. Corrective feedback, learner uptake, and feedback perception in a Chinese as a foreign language classroom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tingfeng Fu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The role of corrective feedback in second language classrooms has received considerable research attention in the past few decades. However, most of this research has been conducted in English-teaching settings, either ESL or EFL. This study examined teacher feedback, learner uptake as well as learner and teacher perception of feedback in an adult Chinese as a foreign language classroom. Ten hours of classroom interactions were videotaped, transcribed and coded for analysis. Lyster and Ranta’s (1997 coding system involving six types of feedback was initially used to identify feedback frequency and learner uptake. However, the teacher was found to use a number of additional feedback types. Altogether, 12 types of feedback were identified: recasts, delayed recasts, clarification requests, translation, metalinguistic feedback, elicitation, explicit correction, asking a direct question, repetition, directing question to other students, re-asks, and using L1-English. Differences were noted in the frequency of some of the feedback types as well as learner uptake compared to what had been reported in some previous ESL and EFL studies. With respect to the new feedback types, some led to noticeable uptake. As for the students’ and teacher’s perceptions, they did not match and both the teacher and the students were generally not accurate in perceiving the frequency of each feedback type. The findings are discussed in terms of the role of context in affecting the provision and effectiveness of feedback and its relationship to student and teacher perception of feedback.

  6. 怎样确定汉语作为第二语言教学的教学方案%Chinese as a second language teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵一嘉

    2012-01-01

    汉语作为第二语言教学,跟其他语言作为第二语言教学一样,是语言教育学的一个分支学科。汉语作为第二语言教学的教学原则是指据汉语特点和学习者的的母语、学习者汉语水平制定教学方案。%Chinese as a second language teaching, with other language as a second language teaching, language pedagogy is a branch of the subject. This paper combines western teaching method, teaching principles to schools Chinese as a second language teaching the hot issues healthfully. discussion, and according toy our own have proposed to the Chinese as a second language teaching of the teaching principle of point of view.

  7. Computer-aided assessment of tone production: A case of Zimbabwean students learning Chinese as a foreign language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herbert Mushangwe

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study examined how technology can help in assessing and teaching Chinese tones to foreign students who are not used to tonal languages. It was an attempt to show how we can use the PRAAT software to make learners of Chinese as a foreign language realize their tonal errors. The data used was collected from the students at the University of Zimbabwe studying Chinese and this was part of a continuous assessment for the students’ pronunciation of Chinese tones. This method which was used by teachers to assess students’ tones was found to be easy to follow such that students could also utilize it for their own pronunciation practice. We argued that the use of computer-aided assessment makes assessment of students’ tone acquisition lesser arbitrary than when the teacher merely gives comments based on his or her individual perception. This is because this assessment method gives PRAAT acoustic pictures which show the tone structures for each student; hence, both the student and the teacher can visualize the errors. Since PRAAT can provide a platform to compare the student’s pronunciation with that of the native speaker and at the same time can help the teacher to explain why student’s pronunciation is wrong, this paper concludes that PRAAT can be a useful tool in assessing and teaching Chinese tones.

  8. 如何提高小学语文课堂教学效率%On How to Improve the Efficiency of Primary School Chinese Language Classroom Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丽莉

    2014-01-01

    Primary school Chinese language is the teaching stage starting the formal training of students' language proficiency, and the stage is also the best period of cultivating children's cognition of the Chinese language and understanding of the Chinese cul-ture. Through Chinese language learning, students can not only learn the excellent Chinese literature, but also enrich their history and culture knowledge. Besides, Chinese language learning is al-so the foundation of other subjects. Continuous innovations are made in the teaching means and contents of the current primary school Chinese language teaching, but the efficiency of students' classroom learning is less impressive, affecting the teaching qual-ity. With the aim to comprehensively improve Chinese language teaching quality, this paper researches how to improve the effi-ciency of primary school Chinese language classroom teaching.%小学语文是开始正规培养学生语言能力的教学阶段,在这一阶段是培养学生对汉语的认知和对中国文化的了解的最佳时期。通过语文学习,不仅能够了解中国优秀的文学,还能丰富学生的历史文化知识。此外,语文学习也是其他学科的教学基础。目前我国小学语文教学不断进行教学手段和教学内容的创新,但是学生的课堂学习效率欠佳,影响教学质量。文章将针对小学语文教学如何提高课堂效率进行研究,旨在全面提高语文教学质量。

  9. A Commentary on Five Schools of Contemporary College Chinese Language Education%当代大学语文教育五派主要观点述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林亦农

    2009-01-01

    新时期以来,广大语文教育工作者及一些人文学者对大学语文教育进行了多方面卓有成效的探索,出版了数百种大学语文教材,展现了多姿多态、异彩纷呈的大学语文教育理念.当代大学语文教育的先进理念主要体现在选文教育派、人文教育派、文学教育派、语文专题派、人文语文派等五个重要派别里,它们站在时代的制高点上共同引领了中国高校语文教育改革的大潮.当代大学语文教育也存在明显局限,这就是常脱离大学语文本身去谈语文教育,且无视大学语文学科群既高度综合,又深度分化、广度辐射的发展趋势.%Since the new period, the majority of language educators and humanist scholars have explored fruitfully college Chinese language education from different aspects, and published hundreds of college Chinese language teaching materials, displaying vari-ety of college Chinese language education philosophies. The advanced contemporary college Chinese language education philoso-phies can be seen from selected text education school, humanist education school, literary education school, Chinese language special subject school, humanist Chinese language school. The five major schools stand together on the commanding heights of Chi-na's college Chinese language education reform. However, contemporary college Chinese language education has its obvious limita-tions: it often discusses Chinese language education without referring to college Chinese language; it also ignores the development trends of college Chinese language academic group of being highly integrated, yet specialized, and broadly radiated.

  10. Preparedness of Chinese Students for American Culture and Communicating in English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rawlings, Melody; Sue, Edna

    2013-01-01

    What Chinese students learn about American culture and the English language in the classrooms of China does not adequately prepare them for the reality of American culture and communication in English. In this study, the constructs of American culture and models of English language taught in Chinese classrooms are compared with the reality of…

  11. On the Localization of International Chinese Language Education%论汉语国际教育的国别化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李如龙

    2012-01-01

    Teaching Chinese abroad is quite different from teaching it to foreign students in China. Therefore, localization is necessary in international Chinese language education. When it comes to teaching Chinese in different countries, there are complicated differences in both culture and language itself. Careful study should be done and specific measures need to be taken to reform the present syllabus, teaching materials and teaching methods. Making a large multifunctional cor pus of Chinese is the foundation of developing countryspecific teaching materials. Training local teachers is the key to solving the problem of lack of teachers. Creating the language context and cul tivating the language sense are two important ways of improving the teaching methods. In order to make international Chinese language education develop healthily and rapidly, localization must be incorporated with archetypicalization, which reflects the characteristics of the Chinese language.%走出国门教汉语和教来华留学生学汉语有很大差别,汉语国际教育提倡“国别化”(在地化)是十分必要的。在不同的国家教汉语,不论是语言本体或社会文化上的差异都很复杂,应该认真研究并在教学大纲、教材教法上采取变革的具体措施。制作万能的大型汉语语料库是编写国别化教材的基础。培养当地师资是解决师资问题的根本。创造语境、培养语感则是改进教法的重要途径。贯彻在地化的方向必须和体现汉语特征的“原型化”相结合才能使国际汉语教育健康、快速地发展。

  12. Preparation of shampoo containing Chinese medicine%中药洗发香波的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丹丹; 张榕文; 蒋日琼; 万玉华; 黄春静; 徐静; 黄崇才

    2011-01-01

    配制中药洗发香波,并初步探讨其对烫后受损头发的修护效果.用电子显微镜观察其对烫后受损发质的修复作用.结果表明,中药提取液用量为15%时,洗发香波配伍性能和梳理性效果最好,具有改善头发梳理性能,有效修复头发的作用,各项指标均符合行业标准QB/T 1974-2004.%The Chinese medicine shampoo was prepared and it's restoration of damaged hair due to dyeing was studied. Electron microscopy was adopted to observe the restoration of damaged hair due to dyeing. Results showed that the compatibility and carding property of shampoo containing 15% of Chinese medicine extract was optimized. The shampoo improved carding property and effectively restored the damaged hair,and all the checkpoints met the standards of QB/T 1974-2004.

  13. RUSSIAN LANGUAGE EDUCATION STRATEGY HOW TO TEACH CHINESE STUDENTS IN THE SOCIAL AND CULTURAL SPACE OF REPUBLIC OF SAKHA (YAKUTIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakhaya Nurgunovna Alexandrova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents main problems of the studying Russian as foreign to Chinese students in the social and cultural space of republic of Sakha (Yakutia. There are specific difficulties of learning Chinese students and ways of solving problems. The conclusion is that we need to have a deeper understanding of Chinese education, national culture and mentality in the Russian language teaching system. We also search for the new methods as a way of better training Chinese students in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia.Purpose. By researching trends and features in the method of Russian as foreign teaching and based on the study of theoretical literature develop our own system of forms of training Russian as foreign in the social and cultural space of republic of Sakha (Yakutia.Methodology. The main methods we used: theoretic-linguistic method, sociological and pedagogical method and also methods of analysis, comparisons, generalizations, system approach.Results. There have been made a conclusion that at the present of development Russian as foreign teaching system we need some new approaches of teaching Chinese students in the region. There is necessary to know individual and ethno-psychological features of Chinese students. The main prerequisite is competence approach as a necessary part of educational process.Practical implications. These studies can be used in the teaching process at the North-Eastern Federal University in Department of Russian as foreign or in other national regions of Russian Federation.

  14. Clinical Observation on Methotrexate Combined with Chinese Preparations in Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洪滔; 张晓

    2002-01-01

    @@ Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an auto-immune disease, the cause of which is not clear. It manifested joint change as chief lesion, is a frequently encountered, common disease. In recent years the disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) combined application in treating RA has conducted many studies in domestic study and abroad, indicating that it can effectively retard the progressing of the disease. Meanwhile the domestic reports on the Chinese medicine (CM) in treating RA has obtained some efficacy, but the long-term efficacy was not sure. From May 1999 to August, 2001, the authors have applied and observed methotrexate (MTX) combined with CM preparation and MTX combined with western medicine (WM) in treating 43 cases of RA, the report is as follows.

  15. PAT: From Western solid dosage forms to Chinese materia medica preparations using NIR-CI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Luwei; Xu, Manfei; Wu, Zhisheng; Shi, Xinyuan; Qiao, Yanjiang

    2016-01-01

    Near-infrared chemical imaging (NIR-CI) is an emerging technology that combines traditional near-infrared spectroscopy with chemical imaging. Therefore, NIR-CI can extract spectral information from pharmaceutical products and simultaneously visualize the spatial distribution of chemical components. The rapid and non-destructive features of NIR-CI make it an attractive process analytical technology (PAT) for identifying and monitoring critical control parameters during the pharmaceutical manufacturing process. This review mainly focuses on the pharmaceutical applications of NIR-CI in each unit operation during the manufacturing processes, from the Western solid dosage forms to the Chinese materia medica preparations. Finally, future applications of chemical imaging in the pharmaceutical industry are discussed.

  16. Preparing linguistically responsive teachers through experiential foreign language tasks: A phenomenological study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Güliz Turgut Dost

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Importance of culturally and linguistically responsive teaching escalates as globalization and immigration increase the student diversity in classrooms. Although culturally responsive teaching has been studied in detail, the literature on linguistically responsive teaching is largely theoretical, with limited research-based practices. This article reports a phenomenological study of four prospective teachers’ experiences with four foreign language tasks. The purpose of the study was to propose and examine a research-based practice to raise awareness about preparing linguistically responsive teachers in teacher education programs. Data were collected through written participant reflections and analyzed using phenomenological analysis. Findings reveal that the tasks assisted participants to become aware of the linguistic, cognitive, and emotional hard work encountered while learning a new language. Participants also reported being empathetic toward English language learners. Implications for teacher education programs and teacher educators are presented.

  17. Preparing technical text for translation: A comparison between International English and methods for simplifying language

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buican, I.; Hriscu, V.; Amador, M.

    1994-07-01

    For the past four and a half years, the International Communication Committee at Los Alamos National Laboratory has been working to develop a set of guidelines for writing technical and scientific documents in International English, that is, English for those whose native language is not English. Originally designed for documents intended for presentation in English to an international audience of technical experts, the International English guidelines apply equally well to the preparation of English text for translation. This is the second workshop in a series devoted to the topic of translation. The authors focus on the advantages of using International English, rather than various methods of simplifying language, to prepare scientific and technical text for translation.

  18. The Role of Motivation in Self-regulated Learning and Language Learning Strategy: In the Case of Chinese EFL Learners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Banisaeid

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Although self-regulation, derived from educational psychology, is a new topic in the second language learning field, language learning strategy was the main focus of many studies in the last two decades. Also, among the L2 individual differences, motivation plays an important role in achieving the educational goals. In this research, motivation is investigated from self-determination theory by which five types of motivation are presented. No study was found to investigate the role of motivation in both self-regulation and language learning strategy. For such a purpose, 49 Chinese EFL learners respond to SILL, MSLQ and LLOS_IEA respectively proposed by Oxford (1990, Pintrich et al (1991 and Noel et al (2000. The results running Pearson correlation showed that there is a significant relationship between motivation, self-regulation and language learning strategies. It is also revealed that Chinese EFL learners use memory, social and affective strategy more than the other ones. The most common motivational orientation is identified regulation. Among self-regulated learning strategies, effort regulation is highly used by them. At the end some implication is considered.Keywords: motivation, language learning strategy, self-regulation, self-determination theory

  19. A Comparison on Hyponymy and Cultural Symbolism of Six Color Words between Chinese Language and Bahasa Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina Indah Setyo Rahayu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Color words originate from natural world. In general different languages have similar patterns of color hypernymy. Nevertheless, when it comes to color hyponymy, it is not the case. Specific color hyponyms have emerged because different countries have different cultures. Besides, color words are also rich in cultural symbolism. In other words, same colors in different countries have different cultural symbolisms. This paper analyzed six color words (red, white, yellow, blue, green, and black between Chinese language and bahasa Indonesia to find similarities and differences both in hyponymy and in culture symbolism.

  20. Investigating Chinese Migrants’ Information-Seeking Patterns in Canada: Media Selection and Language Preference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuping Mao

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Taking a quantitative approach, this research surveyed Chinese migrants in Canada regarding channels they rely on to seek various information. This research also investigates how Chinese migrants’ preferences of channels correlate with their intercultural sensitivity level. Chinese migrants prefer Chinese newspapers and websites for government/policy information and life information rather than English newspapers and websites. However, they use English newspapers and websites more frequently for job and career development information. Overall, English television and radio are more frequently used by Chinese migrants than Chinese television and radio broadcasts. The intercultural sensitivity levels of Chinese migrants have a positive correlation with their frequencies of using English information resources, including government websites, English newspapers, English non-government websites, government officers, personal non-Chinese social networks, and English television and radio. Findings of this research suggest that Chinese ethnic media play an important role in Chinese migrants’ information-seeking behaviours and patterns in Canada. On one hand, government and other organizations can reach the Chinese migrant community through information diffusion in Chinese ethnic media. On the other hand, Chinese migrants should make an active effort to improve their English proficiency and intercultural communication sensitivity to better integrate themselves into the Canadian society. A more balanced approach of seeking information from English and Chinese media sources could be more beneficial for Chinese migrants.

  1. The Reflection on the Domestic Research Status of Language Learning Strategies Used by Foreign Students Learning Chinese

    Science.gov (United States)

    Min, M. A.

    Learning strategy is a psychological concept influenced by cognitive theory. It is a hot spot in the field of second language acquisition. This article analyses the research findings on Chinese learning strategies published by the domestic publications over the past ten years. The article introduces research achievements in the field of Chinese learning strategies, summarizes the research characteristic, and points out the shortcomings of the researches in three ways: the type of the research findings, research teams and research objects. The article suggests the researchers should enhance team cooperation, communicate with the researchers from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, establish the better academic platform and focus on the contrastive research on Chinese learner from different backgrounds.

  2. Using a task-based approach to teaching and learning Chinese as a Foreign Language in a university beginner's level class

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruan, Youjin; Duan, Xiaoju; Wang, Li

    2015-01-01

    used in integrating culture with the language learning in this course. The results indicated that course participants were generally positive about their learning experiences and processes during the course. They appreciated not only the task-based method, but also the ways in which culture......The task-based method is regarded as an effective approach for promoting interaction and collaboration in language learning. In a beginner Chinese language course offered as an elective at Aalborg University, Denmark, a selection of tasks was designed and used to attract the students’ interests...... to learning Chinese as a foreign language. Chinese culture elements were also integrated into the tasks and the learning process. By analysing seven items of a post-course survey, this paper investigates the learners’ opinions toward the task-based language teaching and learning method, as well as the methods...

  3. Foreign Language Education Policies, Age of Second Language Acquisition and Chinese Language Teaching%外语教育政策、二语习得年龄和对外汉语教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈菊咏

    2012-01-01

    为了提高学生的外语(或二语)水平,很多国家降低了学生学习外语的年龄。这种做法和神经科学关于双语者二语习得起始年龄的研究结果相一致。相关的研究表明,早期的二语习得者其二语大脑加工模式类似于第一语言和母语单语者,而晚二语者的二语加工有激活脑区扩大、激活水平提高的倾向。早二语者更有可能获得接近母语者的二语水平。让学习者在较小的年龄接触外语是一个有效的方法。汉语是外语教育低龄化的受益语言,覆盖低龄学习者,帮助国外解决低龄学习者汉语教学师资问题应该成为汉语国际推广的重要内容。国内的对外汉语教学界要加强针对低龄儿童的教学研究,建立低龄儿童汉语教学师资培训机制,以顺应国外外语教育的发展趋势,促进汉语国际推广。%To enhance learners' foreign language proficiency, a lot of countries lower the age of students exposed to foreign language. The change in policies of foreign language education is supported by the neural scientific researches on the effect of age of second language acquisition. Relative researches indicate that neural mechanismof early learners processing second language is similar to that of the first language and native speakers of that language, so early learners are easier to acquire high second lan- guage proficiency. Chinese is benefited from such policy change. In some countries the number of programs on Chinese language teaching is increased. Researchers from China should do more studies on how to teach Chinese to early learners. Training more teachers who can be qualified toteach young learners Chinese is also important. More programs covering lower learners and more teachers for lower learners are what is needed by Chinese language teaching abroad.

  4. Production and validation of putonghua- and cantonese-chinese language national institutes of health stroke scale training and certification videos

    OpenAIRE

    Cheung, R. T. F.; Lyden, P. D.; Tsoi, T. H.; Huang, Y; Liu, M.; Hon, S. F. K.; Raman, R.; Liu, L

    2010-01-01

    Background and purposes: The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) is an integral part of acute stroke assessment. We report our experience with new Putonghua- and Cantonese-Chinese language NIHSS (PC-NIHSS and CC-NIHSS) training and certification videos. Methods: A professional video production company was hired to create the training and certification videos for both PC-NIHSS and CC-NIHSS. Two training and certification workshops were held in Chengdu and Beijing, and two worksh...

  5. 语文教学的人文性思考%Ideas about Humanity in Chinese Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田儒宪

    2011-01-01

    语文作为一门重要的基础性学科,近年来受功利主义影响,只注重对知识和技法的培养,忽视语文本身的内涵和特点。职业教育的兴起,更助长了功利主义和技术主义的泛滥,语文课被视为与职业无关的学科。语文教学时时刻刻都在为"人"增色,语文教学应该回到人文理性的育人文轨道上来。%Chinese language is a fundamental subject,but affected by modern utilitarianism,knowledge and skills have been more emphasized while the connotation and characteristics of humanity in Chinese language have been ignored.The popularity of vocational education in recent years encourages utilitarianism and technicism,consequently,Chinese lessons,a subject considered irrelevant to vocation,were radically cut.Chinese teaching is in a ridiculous situation;however,it always adds luster to "human",and it is a very noble career.

  6. MULTISENSOR SYSTEM APPLICATION FOR PREPARATIONS BITTERNESS EVALUATION IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.S. Yaroshenko

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the study of preparations based on medicinal plants used in traditional Chinese medicine for treatment and prevention of a wide range of diseases. The purpose of this research was evaluation of the capabilities of a multisensor system for instrumental assessment of the samples bitterness. 33 samples of medicinal plants were evaluated by tasters according to bitterness intensity from 0 to 6. Methodology of the analysis was developed and repeated measurements of the samples were performed by multisensor system. Tasters’ assessments were used as reference data while multisensor system calibrating. A regression model built according to these data displayed good correlation of the system response with bitterness perceived by people. The parameters of the regression model give the possibility for concluding that the multisensor system is capable to predict the bitterness of the medicinal plants preparations with average precision equal to ±1 of the reference bitterness scale. Relative error of bitterness determination is 14%, which is a good result for such type of measurements (typical error of the taster’s assessment is, as a rule, in the range of 15-30 %.

  7. 语文课程的应然追求——兼谈语文教师的专业发展%Rational pursuit of Chinese course——On the professional development of Chinese language teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缪旭芳; 路忠清

    2012-01-01

    The ideal state of Chinese teaching is the enjoyment of education.However,there is a lot of frustration in the actual teaching.Teachers of Chinese should strengthen the teaching goals with the pursuit of curriculum standards as the base and teachers' professional development as a key and stand firmly in Chinese language teaching.Chinese language should be taught with the features of Chinese itself.%语文教学的理想境界是享受教育,而实际的教学中却遭遇了诸多无奈。语文教师应该坚持自己的教学目标,以课程标准为追求基点,把教师专业发展作为追求理想,立足于语文课堂这块主阵地,让新课程回归语文的本色。

  8. A Comparative Study of Politeness Principle in Chinese and English Lan-guage and Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙康

    2014-01-01

    Politeness is the badge of human civilization, and a significant criterion to human society activity;politeness, as a social phenomenon, is the imperative tool and method to maintain human relation in perfect harmony;politeness is a kind of social con-ventions, it lays certain restraints on all the social members. From ancient to modern times, either in East or West, people always attach great importance to politeness. To save face of the speaker or the hearer, politeness is of considerable practical significance in the conversation. As a matter of fact, its value can never be underestimated. However, due to different historical, lingual and cultural backgrounds, different societies may have different criteria to politeness. And this leads to some problems such as misun-derstandings and embarrassments in cross-cultural or intercultural communication. In order to solve these problems, many schol-ars and linguists at home and abroad have proposed different principles of politeness so far. The author aims to make a comparative study on politeness principles between Chinese and English language and cultures. Analyzing the differences can help to remove the communicative barrier encountered by people who come from different countries with different cultural backgrounds and ef-fectively promote further mutual understanding and cross-cultural communication.

  9. The New Curriculum Reform of Chinese Language%语文新课改探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛少东; 何晓成

    2012-01-01

    In 2004, a part of the area in China began to try out new curriculum reform, and later it has been promoting to the whole country. The new curriculum reform has achieved a breakthrough progress and has tremendous impact on the traditional classroom teaching. This article discusses the new curriculum reform from eight aspects, such as changing teaching philosophy, understanding the new curriculum of Chinese language, being hard to create a harmonious atmosphere, improving the evaluation system, and so on.%2004年我国部分区域开始试行新课程改革,后来相继推广全国.新课程改革取得了突破性进展,对传统课堂教学带来了巨大的冲击.本文从转变教学理念、语文新课程的认识、努力营造融洽的氛围、完善评价制度等八个方面对新课改进行探讨.

  10. The Cultural Differences between Chinese and English Reflected by Their Languages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Qian

    2015-01-01

    社会学家告诉我们,一切文化都是独特的,互不相同的。学习一种外语不仅要掌握语音、语法、词汇和习语。实际上,学习语言与了解语言所反映的文化是分不开的。本文粗略探讨日常对话,谚语,比喻和禁忌语这些语言现象所折射出的两种语言之间存在的文化差异。%Social scientists tell us that cultures differ from one another,and each culture is unique.Learning a foreign language well means more than merely mastering the pronunciation,grammar,words and idioms.In fact,it is inseparable from learning its culture.This paper attempts to do a brief study of certain cultural differences between Chinese and English reflected by everyday conversations,proverbs,metaphor and association as well as taboos.

  11. Profiling Perceptual Learning Styles of Chinese as a Second Language Learners in University Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Peijian Paul; Teng, Lin Sophie

    2017-06-21

    This study revisited Reid's (1987) perceptual learning style preference questionnaire (PLSPQ) in an attempt to answer whether the PLSPQ fits in the Chinese-as-a-second-language (CSL) context. If not, what are CSL learners' learning styles drawing on the PLSPQ? The PLSPQ was first re-examined through reliability analysis and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with 224 CSL learners. The results showed that Reid's six-factor PLSPQ could not satisfactorily explain the CSL learners' learning styles. Exploratory factor analyses were, therefore, performed to explore the dimensionality of the PLSPQ in the CSL context. A four-factor PLSPQ was successfully constructed including auditory/visual, kinaesthetic/tactile, group, and individual styles. Such a measurement model was cross-validated through CFAs with 118 CSL learners. The study not only lends evidence to the literature that Reid's PLSPQ lacks construct validity, but also provides CSL teachers and learners with insightful and practical guidance concerning learning styles. Implications and limitations of the present study are discussed.

  12. The Overwhelmed Generation and Foreign Language Teacher Preparation: Developing Strategies to Work with the Mental Health Challenges of Preservice Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrier, Leslie L.

    2008-01-01

    For the last two decades the foreign language education profession has spent considerable energy establishing professional guidelines for foreign language teacher preparation. This article discusses research that suggests that the profession should now direct its energies toward developing protocols to assist preservice teachers whose mental…

  13. Colloquium on Teacher Preparation for Elementary School Foreign Language Programs: Proceedings (New York, New York, October 1993).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Greg, Ed.

    Proceedings of a 1993 colloquium on the training of elementary school language teachers include a number of presentations and summaries of discussion. Papers include: "Framework for Discussion" (Carol Ann Pesola); "What Are the Current Trends in U.S. Teacher Preparation?" (Janet Towslee); "Why Foreign Language Standards?:…

  14. Nazareth College: Specialty Preparation for Speech-Language Pathologists to Work with Children Who Are Deaf and Hard of Hearing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Paula M.; Quenin, Cathy

    2010-01-01

    The specialty preparation program within the speech-language pathology master's degree program at Nazareth College in Rochester, New York, was designed to train speech-language pathologists to work with children who are deaf and hard of hearing, ages 0 to 21. The program is offered in collaboration with the Rochester Institute of Technology,…

  15. Washback to Learning Outcomes: A Comparative Study of IELTS Preparation and University Pre-Sessional Language Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Anthony

    2007-01-01

    This study investigated whether dedicated test preparation classes gave learners an advantage in improving their writing test scores. Score gains following instruction on a measure of academic writing skills--the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) academic writing test--were compared across language courses of three types; all…

  16. "Parents Don't Want Their Children to Speak Their Home Language": How Do Educators Negotiate Partnerships with Chinese Parents Regarding Their Children's Use of Home Language and English in Early Childhood Settings?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jiangbo; Torr, Jane; Whiteman, Peter

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated five Australian early childhood educators' negotiation of the complex terrain of working in partnership with Chinese parents regarding their children's language usage in early childhood settings. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken to explore educators' views on children's language usage in early childhood settings,…

  17. Note on the Chinese translation of "language acquisition" and "language learning"%Language acquisition与language learning汉译之我见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄忠廉

    2004-01-01

    《当代语言学》2002年第3期是“心理语言学专号”,五篇之中就有三四篇涉及“语言获得”与“语言习得”两个术语,其汉译差别见第一页顾日国的按语:李行德认为,language ac-quisition应译为“语言获得”,以区别于language learning(译为“语言习得”)。顾日国认为汉语里的“获得”有“有意的、主动的”的含义,不太符合acquisition的本义。鉴于此,顾日国认为language acquisition应译为“语言习得”,language learning译为“语言获得”。

  18. [Discussion on research and development of new traditional Chinese medicine preparation process based on idea of QbD].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Yi; Hong, Yan-Long; Xian, Jie-Chen; Du, Ruo-Fei; Zhao, Li-Jie; Shen, Lan

    2014-09-01

    Traditional processes are mostly adopted in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparation production and the quality of products is mostly controlled by terminal. Potential problems of the production in the process are unpredictable and is relied on experience in most cases. Therefore, it is hard to find the key points affecting the preparation process and quality control. A pattern of research and development of traditional Chinese medicine preparation process based on the idea of Quality by Design (QbD) was proposed after introducing the latest research achievement. Basic theories of micromeritics and rheology were used to characterize the physical property of TCM raw material. TCM preparation process was designed in a more scientific and rational way by studying the correlation among enhancing physical property of raw material, preparation process and product quality of preparation. So factors affecting the quality of TCM production would be found out and problems that might occur in the pilot process could be predicted. It would be a foundation for the R&D and production of TCM preparation as well as support for the "process control" of TCMIs gradually realized in the future.

  19. A Brief Discussion on the Chinese College English Language Curriculum for the Non-English Major Learners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Xiao

    2015-01-01

    Chinese college English Language Curriculum is a complicated teaching system combined with a variety of teaching modes and teaching methodologies. It is guided by foreign language teaching theories and takes the English language knowledge and application skills, cross-cultural communication and learning strategies as its main content. In addition, as the main basis of English education for non-English major undergraduates in colleges and universities, this curriculum helps to cultivate students ’ English comprehensive application ability, especially for their listening and speaking skills while improving their abilities of self-education. It can also strengthen learners’comprehensive cultural quality in order to meet the need of social development and in⁃ternational communication.

  20. The Differences between Chinese and Eng-lish Cultures Reflected In the Languages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪丹萍; 孙丰霞; 祝钰; 朱凡

    2008-01-01

    1. The relationship betweenculture and languageTo give the barest of definition, lan-guage is a means of verbal communica-tion. According to the Bible there on earthwas only one language and one set of wor-

  1. College Chinese language and literature:from Theory to Practice%大学语文:从理论到实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄蔚; 何二元

    2014-01-01

    This paper first reviews the whole process of Chinese language and literature from conducting research, writing the monograph, compiling textbooks to classroom teaching. The author explores the theory of College Chinese Language and Literature from the perspective of higher education of mother language and proposes that the compiling of College Chinese Language and Literature textbooks should be based on theories and the textbooks must be tested through teaching practice. This paper presents a summary of the experiences and achievements of College Chinese Language and Literature in the form of both theory and practice, hoping to offer references for the national Chinese Language and Literature teachers.%本文回顾了作者课题研究、撰写专著、教材编写、课堂实践的完整过程,从母语高等教育的高度探讨了大学语文学科理论,提出大学语文教材编写必须有理论开路、实践检验的观点,全面总结了大学语文从理论到实践所取得的经验与成果,希望能给全国大学语文同行们提供参考。

  2. 中国高校的南亚语言教育与人才培养%South Asian Languages Teaching and Personnel Training at Chinese Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘曙雄

    2011-01-01

    In foreign language teaching at Chinese universities,less commonly taught languages refer to those languages that are not widely used in international communication.They cover all the languages apart from English,Russia,German,French,Spanish,Japanese and Arabic.Those languages were seldom taught in Chinese universities in the past,therefore they are called less commonly taught foreign languages.South Asian languages belong to the group of less commonly taught languages.In China,teaching and research of South Asian languages and cultures includes undergraduate teaching of Sanskrit and Pali,Hindi,Urdu,Bangali,Tamil,Nepali,Sanhali;course teaching of Sanskrit,Khotanese,Pahlavi,and mid-ancient Farsi;and postgraduate training on ancient Indian language and literature,Sino-India comparative culture studies,Indian religions and culture,Buddhism literature and culture studies,ancient Silk Road civilization,South Asian Islamic Studies,Hindi language and literature,Urdu language and literature and Indian English literature.

  3. Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines in Domestically Prepared Chicken and Fish from Singapore Chinese Households

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salmon, C P; Knize, M G; Felton, J S; Zhao, B; Seow, A

    2005-05-16

    Chicken and fish samples prepared by 42 Singapore Chinese in their homes were obtained. Researchers were present to collect data on raw meat weight, cooking time, maximum cooking surface temperature, and cooked meat weight. Each participant prepared one pan-fried fish sample and two pan-fried chicken samples, one marinated, one not marinated. The cooked samples were analyzed for five heterocyclic aromatic amine (HAA) mutagens, including MeIQx (2-amino 3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline); 4,8-DiMeIQx (2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline); 7,8-DiMeIQx (2-amino-3,7,8-trimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline); PhIP (2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine), and IFP (2-amino-(1,6-dimethylfuro[3,2-e]imidazo [4,5-b])pyridine). A paired Student's t-test showed that marinated chicken had lower concentrations of PhIP (p<0.05), but higher concentrations of MeIQx (p<0.05) and 4,8-DiMeIQx (p<0.001) than non-marinated chicken, and also that weight loss due to cooking was less in marinated chicken than in non-marinated chicken (p<0.001). Interestingly, the maximum cooking surface temperature was higher for fish than for either marinated or non-marinated chicken (P<0.001), yet fish was lower in 4,8-DiMeIQx per gram than marinated or non-marinated chicken (p<0.001), lower in PhIP than non-marinated chicken (P<0.05), and lost less weight due to cooking than either marinated or non-marinated chicken (P<0.001). Fish was also lower in MeIQx and 7,8-DiMeIQx than marinated chicken (P<0.05). This study provides new information on HAA content in the Singapore Chinese diet.

  4. The Function on Teaching Chinese as a Second Language by Chinese Phonology%论音韵学在汉语作为二语教学中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代璐

    2012-01-01

    汉语音韵以汉语语音的发展演变为研究对象,作为传统基础学科的它对汉语作为二语教学同样起到辅助作用。本文从古汉语、语音、方言方面论证音韵学对汉语作为二语教学的作用,目的在于通过论证而引起教学界对这门学科的重视,从而更好地进行汉语作为二语教学和研究。%The Chinese phonology to Chinese Phonetic Evolution as the research object,As the traditional disciplines based on the Chinese language,it plays a supporting role on the major of teaching chinese as a second language.The ancient Chinese language,speech,dialect aspects of phonology of teaching chinese as a second language,aims to demonstrate and cause the teaching profession on the subject of attention.In order to teach and research better on the object.

  5. The Intersection of Inquiry-Based Science and Language: Preparing Teachers for ELL Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinburgh, Molly; Silva, Cecilia; Smith, Kathy Horak; Groulx, Judy; Nettles, Jenesta

    2014-08-01

    As teacher educators, we are tasked with preparing prospective teachers to enter a field that has undergone significant changes in student population and policy since we were K-12 teachers. With the emphasis placed on connections, mathematics integration, and communication by the New Generation Science Standards (NGSS) (Achieve in Next generation science standards, 2012), more research is needed on how teachers can accomplish this integration (Bunch in Rev Res Educ 37:298-341, 2013; Lee et al. in Educ Res 42(4):223-233, 2013). Science teacher educators, in response to the NGSS, recognize that it is necessary for pre-service and in-service teachers to know more about how instructional strategies in language and science can complement one another. Our purpose in this study was to explore a model of integration that can be used in classrooms. To do this, we examined the change in science content knowledge and academic vocabulary for English language learners (ELLs) as they engaged in inquiry-based science experience utilizing the 5R Instructional Model. Two units, erosion and wind turbines, were developed using the 5R Instructional Model and taught during two different years in a summer school program for ELLs. We analyzed data from interviews to assess change in conceptual understanding and science academic vocabulary over the 60 h of instruction. The statistics show a clear trend of growth supporting our claim that ELLs did construct more sophisticated understanding of the topics and use more language to communicate their knowledge. As science teacher educators seek ways to prepare elementary teachers to help preK-12 students to learn science and develop the language of science, the 5R Instructional Model is one pathway.

  6. Preparedness of Chinese Students for American Culture and Communicating in English

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Melody Rawlings; Edna Sue

    2013-01-01

      What Chinese students learn about American culture and the English language in the classrooms of China does not adequately prepare them for the reality of American culture and communication in English...

  7. Pharmacokinetics of Two Ingredients of the Compound Chinese Herbal Medicine Transdermal Preparation in Cows

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Gui-xia; LI Rui; ZHANG Xiu-ying

    2009-01-01

    The topical administration of the compound Chinese herbal medicine transdermal preparation has been widely used in treating the mastitis of cows.In order to understand the metabolic process,four cows suffering from clinical mastitis were selected for the pharmacokinetie study.The transdermal preparation was applied to the diseased part of breast.Then the plasma and milk samples were collected respectively at 0,0.5,1,2,4,6,8,10,12,24,and 36 h.The concentrations of baicalin and phillyrin in plasma and milk were determined by HPLC and the data of time-concentrations were analyzed by the pharmacokinetic software.The results showed that two ingredients in the plasma were not detectable,but they in the milk had linear relationship with the time.The peak concentration of baicalin [(2.84±0.15) μg mL-1]appeared at (4.93±0.35) h,AUC0-LOQ was(27.32±7.91) mg L-1 h-1,and the mean retention time was (28.31±0.49) h.The peak concentration of phillyrin [(0.49±0.41) μg mL-1]achieved at (3.68 4±3.14) h,AUC0-LOQ was (4.10±0.31) mg L-1 h-1,and the mean retention time was (14.52±0.02) h.These suggested that two ingredients had slow absorbing speed and high absorbing degree.They could not be eliminated in a short time,thus exerted the topical curative effect.

  8. The Development and Proposal to Incorporate Multi-Integrated Instructional Strategies into Immigrant Chinese Language Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Qiao Yu

    2016-01-01

    Due to globalization and the formation of the global village, people worldwide interact in multiple languages frequently. Concurrently, there has been an increase in motivation to learn different languages for individual purposes. As well, we see that the importance of language education is also being promoted. Past language methods have merit,…

  9. Preparation and characterization of Chinese yam polysaccharide PLGA nanoparticles and their immunological activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Li; Zheng, Sisi; Huang, Yifan; Qin, Tao; Xing, Jie; Niu, Yale; Bo, Ruonan; Liu, Zhenguang; Huang, Yee; Hu, Yuanliang; Liu, Jiaguo; Wu, Yi; Wang, Deyun

    2016-09-10

    This paper first provides that Chinese yam polysaccharide (CYP) is encapsulated by PLGA using a double emulsion solvent evaporation method and aims to screen the optimal preparation of CYP-PLGA nanoparticles (CYPP) using response surface methodology (RSM). The volume ratio of the internal water phase to the organic phase (W1:O), the volume ratio of the primary emulsion to the external water phase (PE:W2) and the concentration of Poloxamer 188 (F68) are deemed key variables for the encapsulation efficiency of CYPP. The results demonstrated that the data were accurately fitted into the RSM model. According to the RSM, the optimal scheme was a volume ratio of W1:O of 1:9, a volume ratio of PE: W2 of 1:10 and a concentration of F68 (W/V) of 0.7%. TEM and SEM images demonstrated that the nanoparticles had a spherical shape and smooth surface. The CYP and CYPP in vitro release studies demonstrated that the CYPP showed a release rate 53.41% lower than the release rate of CYP after 48h. The result of pro-proliferation and flow cytometry emerged that the CYPP were more effective compared with the free CYP and blank PLGA nanoparticles in promoting lymphocyte proliferation and triggering the transformation of T lymphocytes into Th cells.

  10. Diameter Growth, Biological Rotation Age and Biomass of Chinese Fir in Burning and Clearing Site Preparations in Subtropical China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hua Zhou

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Sustained forest management of Cunninghamia lanceolata (Chinese fir plantations in subtropical China is restricted by the limited availability of quantitative data. This study combines inventory data and tree-ring analysis of Chinese fir from natural and plantation forests that were subjected to controlled burning or brush clearing site preparations. Inter-annual variation of Chinese fir tree-ring widths were measured for the controlled burning, brush clearing and natural forest sites. The mean annual diametric growth of Chinese fir was 0.56 cm·year−1 for the natural forest, 0.80 cm·year−1 for the brush clearing site and 1.10 cm·year−1 for the controlled burning site. The time needed to reach the minimum cutting/logging diameter of 15 cm was 14 years in the controlled burning site, 19 years in the brush clearing site and >40 years in the natural forest. The biological rotation ages for the burning, cutting and natural forest sites were 15, 26 and >100 years, respectively. The total aboveground biomasses for the burning and clearing sites were 269.8 t·ha−1 and 252 t·ha−1, respectively. These results suggest that the current 25-year cutting cycle greatly underestimates the growth rate of Chinese fir plantations.

  11. 汉语网络语言影响内地藏生汉语习得的原因与对策%The Influence,Reasons and Countermeasures of Chinese Network Language on the Chinese Learning of Tibetan Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李梅

    2016-01-01

    The Chinese network language influences the emotion of the quantity and quality of the input comprehensible language of Tibetan students’ Chinese learning and the adaptation of the Chinese social culture .These effects mainly relate with Chinese internet language anomie use ,the disjoint between mainland Tibetan students acquisition of Chinese and Chinese network environment ,the obstacles of Han and Tibetan cultural for promotion Chinese Internet language and other factors .From the perspective of the second language acquisition ,the article puts forward the countermeasures :to cultivate the value and emotion of Chinese network language;to guide and regulate the network language ;to optimize the network environment ;to seek the meeting point between the Chinese acquisition of Tibetan students and the social life and improve the quantity and quality of the input comprehensible language .%汉语网络语言影响藏生汉语习得的情感,影响藏生汉语习得中“可理解的语言输入”的数量和质量,影响藏生对汉语社会文化的适应和趋同程度。这些影响主要与汉语网络语言使用失范、内地藏生汉语习得与汉语网络环境脱节、汉藏文化障碍影响汉语网络语言的推介等因素相关。据此,文章从二语习得的角度提出解决对策:培养藏生对汉语网络语言的价值观和情感;引导和规范汉语网络语言,优化网络环境;寻求藏生汉语习得与网络社会生活的契合点,提高“可理解的语言输入”的数量和质量。

  12. 打造小学语文诗意课堂%Create Primary School Chinese Language Poetic Classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘庆华

    2015-01-01

    Chinese language teaching is an art teacher if clever use of skills, hidden in the"read"for the point, focusing on"thinking", and fine thinking"dialogue"face, to"point"to wear"line","line"even"face"to"point"seek"face"to introduce students to the colorful language of the world, so that students feel the poetic beauty of Chinese language lessons.%语文教学是一门艺术,教师若巧用技巧,潜于“读”为点,着眼“思维”线,细思“对话”面,做到“点”中穿“线”、“线”上连“面”、以“点”求“面”,把学生引入五彩斑斓的语文世界,让学生感受到语文课的诗意美。

  13. Measuring social desirability across language and sex: A comparison of Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale factor structures in English and Mandarin Chinese in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurz, A Solomon; Drescher, Christopher F; Chin, Eu Gene; Johnson, Laura R

    2016-06-01

    Malaysia is a Southeast Asian country in which multiple languages are prominently spoken, including English and Mandarin Chinese. As psychological science continues to develop within Malaysia, there is a need for psychometrically sound instruments that measure psychological phenomena in multiple languages. For example, assessment tools for measuring social desirability could be a useful addition in psychological assessments and research studies in a Malaysian context. This study examined the psychometric performance of the English and Mandarin Chinese versions of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale when used in Malaysia. Two hundred and eighty-three students (64% female; 83% Chinese, 9% Indian) from two college campuses completed the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale in their language of choice (i.e., English or Mandarin Chinese). Proposed factor structures were compared with confirmatory factor analysis, and multiple indicators-multiple causes models were used to examine measurement invariance across language and sex. Factor analyses supported a two-factor structure (i.e., Attribution and Denial) for the measure. Invariance tests revealed the scale was invariant by sex, indicating that social desirability can be interpreted similarly across sex. The scale was partially invariant by language version, with some non-invariance observed within the Denial factor. Non-invariance may be related to differences in the English and Mandarin Chinese languages, as well as cultural differences. Directions for further research include examining the measurement of social desirability in other contexts where both English and Mandarin Chinese are spoken (i.e., China) and further examining the causes of non-invariance on specific items. © 2016 The Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  14. Simultaneous determination of five anthraquinones in a Chinese traditional preparation by RP-HPLC using an improved extraction procedure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan-bin Shi; Hui-li Li; Hai-qin Wang; Yan-biao Yang; Xiao-yun Zhang; Hui Wang; Zong-jie Zhu; Zhi-ye Zhang; Cheng-an Zhang

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:The stable quality of Chinese herbal medicines is a critical factor for their reliable clinical efficiency. An improved liquid-liquid extraction procedure and a liquid chromatographic method were developed to simultaneously analyze five anthraquinones (aloe-emodin, rhein, emodin, chrysophanol and physcion) in a Chinese traditional hospital preparation, Fuyankang mixture, in order to quantitatively control its quality in a more effective way. METHODS: A more economical and repeatable extraction procedure based on conventional liquid-liquid extraction technique was developed and used to extract ifve marker components in Fuyankang mixture. These anthraquinones were separated in less than 20 min on a C18 column with methanol and 0.1%phosphoric acid (88:12, v/v) as mobile phase. The method was validated for speciifcity, precision, spiked recovery and stability. RESULTS: Compared to conventional liquid-liquid extraction, the improved liquid-liquid extraction was found to be more effective for simultaneous extraction of anthraquinones from an aqueous Chinese herbal preparation, especially for hydrophobic compounds. The improved extraction method was successful y applied to determine the content of ifve marker components in Fuyankang mixture by the means of reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography. CONCLUSION:The improved extraction procedure may be suitable for routine quality control of Fuyankang mixture and other traditional preparations at city-level hospitals in China.

  15. An Analysis on Deep-structure Language Problems in Chinese Students' English Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李贝贝

    2014-01-01

    Most Chinese students have something in common in English writing. That is,they first think in Chinese before writing and then translate what they think in Chinese into English. Therefore,a lot of Chinglish has come into being. This paper is aimed at analyzing this kind of problems and in particular instructing teachers how to deal with deep-structure problems in English writing.

  16. Developmental dyslexia in Chinese and English populations: dissociating the effect of dyslexia from language differences

    OpenAIRE

    Hu,Wei; Lee, Hwee Ling; Zhang, Qiang; Liu, Tao; Geng, Li Bo; Seghier, Mohamed L.; Shakeshaft, Clare; Twomey, Tae; Green, David W.; Yang, Yi Ming; Price, Cathy J

    2010-01-01

    Previous neuroimaging studies have suggested that developmental dyslexia has a different neural basis in Chinese and English populations because of known differences in the processing demands of the Chinese and English writing systems. Here, using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we provide the first direct statistically based investigation into how the effect of dyslexia on brain activation is influenced by the Chinese and English writing systems. Brain activation for semantic decision...

  17. Predicting tonal realizations in one Chinese dialect from another

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wu J., van Heuven, Schiller, NO Chen Y., V.J.

    2015-01-01

    Pronunciation dictionaries are usually expensive and time-consuming to prepare for the computational modeling of human languages, especially when the target language is under-resourced. Northern Chinese dialects are often under-resourced but used by a significant number of speakers. They share the b

  18. Cultural Difference and Language Proficiency-On Difficulties Faced by Chinese EAL Student Writers at Postgraduate Level

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xi

    2013-01-01

      EFL students at universities have major challenges to overcome. Great attention has paid to improving such students the academic literacy skill they will need to succeed in higher education. Students at postgraduate level, especially those EAL stu⁃dents, tend to suffer growing difficulties in their academic writing. The essay focuses on the difficulties caused by cultural differ⁃ence and insufficient language proficiency, especially faced by the Chinese EAL student writers. Finally, possible solutions will be brought forward in the conclusion.

  19. The Particularity of Chinese Language Discipline and the Professional Development of Teachers of Chinese%语文学科特殊性与语文教师专业发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄淑琴

    2015-01-01

    目前从语文学科的特殊性出发围绕语文教师专业发展所进行的研究明显不足,造成相当一部分语文教师对自身应有的专业素养认识模糊,对专业发展的追求路径失当。语文学科特殊性要求语文教师要有基本的职业素养和专业素养,语文教师的专业素养决定了语文教师的专业发展既有教师专业发展的共同途径,还有作为语文教师专业发展的特殊性途径。%There is a lack of research in the professional development of Chinese teachers from the perspective of the particularity of Chinese language discipline. Therefore, it is commonly observed that Chinese teachers do not have a clear understanding of their professional quality requirements, which leads to inappropriate approaches for their professional development. The particularity of Chinese language discipline determines the fundamental requirements of vocational capabilities and professional qualities of Chinese teachers, while these qualifications include both the generality of all disciplines of education and the particularity of Chinese language discipline.

  20. Preoperative functional MRI localization of language areas in Chinese patients with brain tumors Validation with intraoperative electrocortical mapping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hechun Xia; Wei Huang; Liang Wu; Hui Ma; Xiaodong Wang; Xuexin Chen; Shengyu Sun; Xiaoxiong Jia

    2012-01-01

    Ten Chinese patients with brain tumors involving language regions were selected. Preoperative functional MRI was performed to locate Broca's or Wernicke's area, and the cortex that was essential for language function was determined by electrocortical mapping. A site-by-site comparison between functional MRI and electrocortical mapping was performed with the aid of a neuronavigation device. Results showed that the sensitivity and specificity of preoperative functional MRI were 80.0% and 85.0% in Broca's area and 66.6% and 85.2% in Wernicke's area, respectively. These experimental findings indicate that functional MRI is an accurate, reliable technique with which to identify the location of Wernicke's area or Broca's area in patients with brain tumors.

  1. The Implementation of Aesthetic Education in Chinese Language Teaching%语文教学中美育的实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩国廷

    2012-01-01

    美育是素质教育的重要组成部分.本文就作者几年来在文学作品教学中的一点作法来谈一谈语文教学中美育的实施,即文学作品的美育因素,可以从意境美、语言美、人物形象美、结构美、环境美等五个方面来进行充分挖掘.%The aesthetic education is an important part of quality education. In this paper, the author discussed the implementation of aesthetic in Chinese language teaching according to his several years' practice in teaching the literary works, that is we can fully tap the aesthetic factors from the artistic beauty, beauty of language, characters beauty, structure beauty and environmental beauty aspects:

  2. Second Language Cyber Rhetoric: A Study of Chinese L2 Writers in an Online Usenet Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel Bloch

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available It has been argued that the expectations of traditional L2 writing classroom can be problematic for Chinese students, particularly in the area of argumentation and critical thinking. On the other hand, writing on the Internet has been shown to be substantially different in ways that may liberate the students from the constraints of the classroom. This argument, however, has typically focused on American writers, ignoring how cyberspace is being appropriated by those outside of the Western tradition of rhetoric. In this study, I examine how Chinese writers use the Internet as an alternative writing space to produce a rhetoric that incorporates traditional Chinese rhetorical forms expressed in English. The study focuses on how a group of Chinese writers respond on the Internet to a television segment accusing the Chinese government of planting spies. I found that the Chinese writers use the Internet to build a collective response to the television show using a variety of rhetorical strategies, even to the point of forcing the television network to meet with them. By situating their arguments in the tradition of Chinese rhetoric, I found that these alternative forms of writing found in cyberspace are affected by the traditions of Chinese rhetoric.

  3. Fuzziness in Language Between Chinese and English Translation and Its Strategies of Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佳佳

    2015-01-01

    In the study of translation between Chinese and English,it is essential to highlight the purpose of mediating and compromising the contradictions resulted by the cultural difference between English and Chinese,then to ensure the full and correct transmission of information accepted by readers.

  4. Bridging Language and Culture: A Cognitive Approach to the Study of Chinese Compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jennifer

    1992-01-01

    Culturally specific compounds in Chinese could be more effectively studied from a cognitive approach, using the underlying idealized cognitive models defined by Lakoff. It is argued that the formation of Chinese compounds are systematically guided by idealized cognitive models and compounds are semantically compositional. (seven references) (LB)

  5. Developmental Dyslexia in Chinese and English Populations: Dissociating the Effect of Dyslexia from Language Differences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Wei; Lee, Hwee Ling; Zhang, Qiang; Liu, Tao; Geng, Li Bo; Seghier, Mohamed L.; Shakeshaft, Clare; Twomey, Tae; Green, David W.; Yang, Yi Ming; Price, Cathy J.

    2010-01-01

    Previous neuroimaging studies have suggested that developmental dyslexia has a different neural basis in Chinese and English populations because of known differences in the processing demands of the Chinese and English writing systems. Here, using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we provide the first direct statistically based investigation…

  6. Fuzziness in Language Between Chinese and English Translation and Its Strategies of Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佳佳

    2015-01-01

    In the study of translation between Chinese and English,it is essential to highlight the purpose of mediating and compromising the contradictions resulted by the cultura difference between English and Chinese,then to ensure the ful and correct transmission of information accepted by readers.

  7. A Comparative Study of Chinese and Japanese Language Performance in Advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Ting

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Advertising as a propaganda tool, especially for the propaganda of commodities, is known by the public. However, advertising is not only a tool, but also a carrier of culture. It can reflect the culture of a particular society. We collected and contrasted a lot of the Sino-Japanese advertisement language in the thesis, analyzed the ubiquitous language differences in these advertisement languages, and also explored the differences between two cultures hidden beneath these language differences.

  8. Processing of Tense Morphology and Filler-Gap Dependencies by Chinese Second Language Speakers of English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Zhiyin Renee

    2014-01-01

    There is an ongoing debate in the field of Second Language Acquisition concerning whether a fundamental difference exists between the native language (L1) and adult second language (L2) online processing of syntax and morpho-syntax. The Shallow Structure Hypothesis (SSH) (Clahsen and Felser, 2006a, b) states that L2 online parsing is qualitatively…

  9. Acquisition of compound words in Chinese-English bilingual children: Decomposition and cross-language activation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cheng, C.; Wang, M.; Perfetti, C.A.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated compound processing and cross-language activation in a group of Chinese–English bilingual children, and they were divided into four groups based on the language proficiency levels in their two languages. A lexical decision task was designed using compound words in both langua

  10. Associations between Chinese EFL Graduate Students' Beliefs and Language Learning Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Mailing; Tian, Jianrong

    2015-01-01

    This study, using Horwitz's Beliefs about Language Learning Inventory and Oxford's Strategy Inventory for Language Learning, investigated learners' beliefs about language learning and their choice of strategy categories among 546 graduate students in China. The correlation between learners' beliefs and their strategy categories use was examined.…

  11. Exploring the Further Integration of Machine Translation in English-Chinese Cross Language Information Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Dan; He, Daqing

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to examine the further integration of machine translation technologies with cross language information access in providing web users the capabilities of accessing information beyond language barriers. Machine translation and cross language information access are related technologies, and yet they have their own unique…

  12. English Language Immersion and Students' Academic Achievement in English, Chinese and Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Liying; Li, Miao; Kirby, John R.; Qiang, Haiyan; Wade-Woolley, Lesly

    2010-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that second language immersion is an effective means of facilitating primary school students' second language without undermining competence in their first language. Despite the rapid growth of English immersion (EI) programmes in China, only limited empirical research has been conducted to evaluate students' academic…

  13. English Language Immersion and Students' Academic Achievement in English, Chinese and Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Liying; Li, Miao; Kirby, John R.; Qiang, Haiyan; Wade-Woolley, Lesly

    2010-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that second language immersion is an effective means of facilitating primary school students' second language without undermining competence in their first language. Despite the rapid growth of English immersion (EI) programmes in China, only limited empirical research has been conducted to evaluate students' academic…

  14. Associations between Chinese EFL Graduate Students' Beliefs and Language Learning Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Mailing; Tian, Jianrong

    2015-01-01

    This study, using Horwitz's Beliefs about Language Learning Inventory and Oxford's Strategy Inventory for Language Learning, investigated learners' beliefs about language learning and their choice of strategy categories among 546 graduate students in China. The correlation between learners' beliefs and their strategy categories use was examined.…

  15. Every teacher is a language teacher: Preparing teacher candidates for English language learners through service-learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanan Fan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Secondary school teachers in the United States are facing urgent challenges in their increasingly heterogeneous classrooms where the presence of English language learners (ELLs is becoming the norm. This study reports preliminary findings of a qualitative, interpretive case study of secondary school teacher candidates learning to teach English language learners through service-learning in Northern California. In a semester-long tutoring project, candidates focused on individual ELLs in their inquiry into language learning, in which they (reconstructed their sociolinguistic knowledge of English and their tutees’ home languages in context. Moreover, the mutually beneficial relationships among members of the language community encouraged candidates’ critical reflections on language learning. The study offers instructional experiences for teachers and teacher educators to develop sociolinguistic and pedagogical tools while supporting, and being supported by, the ELL communities. Keywords: teacher education, service-learning, sociocultural perspective, English language learners, secondary schools, teacher knowledge

  16. Language Planning Theories and Language Planning In China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许楠

    2006-01-01

    The specialized study of language policies and planning as a part of sociolinguistics is originated in the 1960's. The theories about language planning may give some guidance to the language planning in China. Of course, China's language policy makers should make decisions according to the specific language situation in China. Chinese language is the national language, and there are more than 120 ethnic minority languages. Therefore, language planning in China involves the Chinese language planning and minority languages planning.

  17. Language competency, group development and sociometric status of foreign students in Russian higher eduction institutions (a case study of Chinese students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chibisova M.Yu.

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of an empirical study of Socio-psychological characteristics of group of Chinese students who are studying at Russian universities. 132 Chinese students aged between 18 to 26 years from Foundation course were involved in the study. Using investigational methods we found a correlation between language competence and sociometric and referentometric status of Chinese students throughout the academic year. It is expected that the acquired results are due to three factors: socio-psychological, where interpersonal relationships depend on the students' achievements; cultural-specific factors, where tenacity and diligence in work are valuable, and processes of socio-cultural adaptation.

  18. The Pragmatic Comparison on English and Chinese Polite Languages%英汉礼貌用语语用对比

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭幸; 杨敏

    2014-01-01

    礼貌是社会成员自觉遵守的共同规约,也是维护和谐人际关系的交际策略。然而英汉两种语言在礼貌表达上也存在差别,使得跨文化交际过程中频繁出现语用失误,影响交际的顺利进行。本文以语用学的礼貌理论为基础,通过对比研究英汉礼貌用语,揭示其语用差异,以期为跨文化交际提供指导。%Politeness is a common stipulation for social members to follow and a communicative strategy to maintain harmonious interpersonal relationships. However, there are some pragmatic failures in the process of intercultural commmunications due to the differences on polite expressions of English and Chinese languages, which affect a smooth communication. This paper based on the theory of politeness of pragmatics indicates the pragmatic differences by contrastive analysis on English and Chinese polite languages to provide instructions on intercultural communications.

  19. Iconicity in Chinese Sign Language%从语言符号的象似性看中国手语

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵祥辉

    2012-01-01

    本文基于认知语言学里象似性理论的角度分析象似性在中国手语中的表现情况,从而总结出中国手语的七种象似手段:直接表达所指,数字表达所指,形状表达所指,动作表达所指,尺寸表达所指,部分代整体表达所指和借喻、转喻表达所指。%This research comes within the framework of the linguistic theory oficonicity and cognitive grammar for Chinese Sign Language (CSL). This paper is to analyze some crucial elements in Chinese Sign Language. The following seven iconic devices are therefore extracted: direct presentation, number representation, shape representation, movement representation, size representation, part-for-whole representation and metonymic, metaphorical representation.

  20. 留学生汉语需求分析的理论与方法%A Study of Needs Analysis on Chinese Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭素红; 吴中平

    2012-01-01

    外语需求分析的研究理论为对外汉语教学中留学生的汉语需求分析提供了理论上的支持。外国留学生汉语需求分析强调科学设计相关调查条目,用多种工具获取并分析多方面的相关信息。从外国留学生汉语需求的视角出发,分析留学生汉语学习中的主客观需求,可以为留学生汉语教学中的实际问题提供实证支持。%Needs analysis on foreign language has been applied extensively in foreign lan- guage teaching,it also provides theoretical support in needs analysis on Chinese language of foreign students in teaching Chinese as a foreign language. This article states the theo- ries and method of needs analysis in teaching Chinese as a foreign languag the significance of carrying out needs analysis,we can use needs analysis to problems to improve the teaching effectively in teaching Chinese as a foreign e. It analyzes identify some language

  1. The Effects of Wiki-based Recursive Process Writing on Chinese Narrative Essays for Chinese as a Second Language (CSL Students in Singapore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chee Kuen Chin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports on the effects of using wiki-based process writing in Singapore’s Chinese as a Second Language (CSL scenarios. A group of 32 Secondary 1 (Seventh Grade students (“Students” received various forms of online scaffolding at different steps of the writing process over two years. A whole set of teaching materials on 45 writing skills was developed and uploaded to the Wiki platform through five recursive cycles. In each cycle, the students were encouraged to apply skills they learned via Wiki platform in their writing and afterwards work as a team in the platform to peer-review each other’s first draft. With feedback received from peer revision, students proceeded to edit their first draft, focusing on the content of narratives and the appropriateness on their use of micro writing skills. The scaffolding decreased as the project progressed. Students’ pre-, mid- and post-writing tests were marked and compared. The authors analyzed the impact that the feedback in the process had towards the students’ overall writing performance. It was discovered that students' quality of written products was improved in general. It was also discovered that students benefited the most from giving remarks to their peers’ writing. The revision patterns of high, medium and low language ability students were also compared. It was found that the higher the language ability of the students, the more concerned they were with macro level for their revisions. ICT-mediated process writing has not garnered much attention in the field of CSL. The study hopes to contribute to the literature of ICTmediated writing instruction in the field of CSL.

  2. How does language distance between L1 and L2 affect the L2 brain network? An fMRI study of Korean-Chinese-English trilinguals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Say Young; Qi, Ting; Feng, Xiaoxia; Ding, Guosheng; Liu, Li; Cao, Fan

    2016-04-01

    The present study tested the hypothesis that language distance between first language (L1) and second language (L2) influences the assimilation and accommodation pattern in Korean-Chinese-English trilinguals. The distance between English and Korean is smaller than that between Chinese and Korean in terms of orthographic transparency, because both English and Korean are alphabetic, whereas Chinese is logographic. During fMRI, Korean trilingual participants performed a visual rhyming judgment task in three languages (Korean: KK, Chinese: KC, English: KE). Two L1 control groups were native Chinese and English speakers performing the task in their native languages (CC and EE, respectively). The general pattern of brain activation of KC was more similar to that of CC than KK, suggesting accommodation. Higher accuracy in KC was associated with decreased activation in regions of the KK network, suggesting reduced assimilation. In contrast, the brain activation of KE was more similar to that of KK than EE, suggesting assimilation. Higher accuracy in KE was associated with decreased activation in regions of the EE network, suggesting reduced accommodation. Finally, an ROI analysis on the left middle frontal gyrus revealed greater activation for KC than for KE, suggesting its selective involvement in the L2 with more arbitrary mapping between orthography and phonology (i.e., Chinese). Taken together, the brain network involved in L2 reading is similar to the L1 network when L2 and L1 are similar in orthographic transparency, while significant accommodation is expected when L2 is more opaque than L1. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  3. An Analysis of the Foreign Language Anxiety among Chinese Non-English Majors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Shang

    2015-01-01

    In college English learning, many learning variables are considered to influence the proficiency of studying, among which, anxiety is one of the most important affective variables. There is a negative correlation between anxiety and foreign lan⁃guage learning. The present study explores the correlation between foreign language anxiety and language performance. It put for⁃ward two suggestions concerning what language teachers can do to help Non-English Major students lower their foreign lan⁃guage anxiety.

  4. TBL in English language learning in Macau: effects on Chinese tertiary learners' beliefs and motivations

    OpenAIRE

    Lau, Ines

    2009-01-01

    Developing effectiveness in learning is the goal of teaching. In order to achieve this goal and to bridge the gap between teaching and learning in the EFL classroom, SLA researchers in the past decades have become increasingly interested in pedagogical conceptions, such as Learner-centredness, Communicative Language Teaching, and Task-Based Language Learning (TBL). In particular, research into TBL pedagogy has had an important influence on the field of English language teaching in recent ye...

  5. 马来西亚大学对外汉语学习者汉语语言态度调查研究%Research on Attitudes of Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language Learners in Malaysian University towards the Chinese Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李冰玲; 曹文富

    2015-01-01

    This paper mainly studies the attitudes of learning Chinese as a foreign language learners in Malaysian University towards the Chinese language. The studies of language attitude include emotional and rational cognition, affection and behavior of learning Chinese as a foreign language learners towards Chi-nese language. Questionnaires had been distributed to 110 learn-ing Chinese as a foreign language learners of different genders, ages and ethnic groups from University Sains Malaysia. It is found that learners' rational cognition affects behavior, and be-havior, to a certain extent, affects learners' affection to a language. As a result, learners with pragmatic motivation prove to be more proactive, hence have more interest towards Chinese language and culture.%本研究主要探讨马来西亚大学对外汉语学习者汉语语言态度.研究内容包括学习者对汉语的感性与理性认知、情感还有行为.笔者应用调查问卷的方法进行研究,对马来西亚理科大学110位不同性别、年龄与族群对外汉语学习者的汉语语言态度进行抽样调查与分析.研究发现,学习者对语言的理性认知会影响行为选择,而行为选择与情感也有一定的关系,即:如果学习者学习动机越具功利性,学习态度就会更加积极,而学习态度越积极的学习者对于汉语和中华文化的喜爱会更加强烈.

  6. Quality and safety control of tumor-shrinking decoction (TSD): A Chinese herbal preparation for the treatment of uterine fibroids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiao-Xin; Lin, Wai Ling; Yeung, Wing Fai; Song, Tian-He; Lao, Li-Xing; Zhang, Yan-Bo; Meng, Wei

    2017-01-01

    Reproducible efficacy assessments of Chinese herbal medicines are largely based on well-established quality control procedures. This study presents a comprehensive quality control procedure for tumor-shrinking decoction (TSD), a 15-herb preparation under study as a potential therapy for uterine fibroids. Morphological, microscopic, and physicochemical authentications were first carried out on individual herbal medicines composing TSD. Contaminant tests on TSD for the presence of heavy metals and pesticide residues were performed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis. Furthermore, batch-to-batch quality monitoring of the decoction was investigated via ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). An aqueous extract of the herbal medicines was prepared and formulated into TSD. The tested contaminants were within the maximum permitted levels of the Hong Kong government in proprietary Chinese medicines. UPLC and HPLC fingerprints for quality tracking on TSD were established. The decoction was quantitatively standardized by UPLC and HPLC, respectively, with five and three chemical compounds serving as references. Collectively, the procedure established in this study will not only serve as a fundamental basis for the investigation and development of TSD as a novel therapy for uterine fibroids, but also as a protocol for studying other polycomponent herbal preparations. © 2015 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

  7. How does first language (L1) influence second language (L2) reading in the brain? Evidence from Korean-English and Chinese-English bilinguals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Say Young; Liu, Li; Cao, Fan

    2017-08-01

    To examine how L1 influences L2 reading in the brain, two late bilingual groups, Korean-English (KE) and Chinese-English (CE), performed a visual word rhyming judgment task in their L2 (English) and were compared to L1 control groups (i.e., KK and CC). The results indicated that the L2 activation is similar to the L1 activation for both KE and CE language groups. In addition, conjunction analyses revealed that the right inferior frontal gyrus and medial frontal gyrus were more activated in KK and KE than CC and CE, suggesting that these regions are more involved in Korean speakers than Chinese speakers for both L1 and L2. Finally, an ROI analysis at the left middle frontal gyrus revealed greater activation for CE than for KE and a positive correlation with accuracy in CE, but a negative correlation in KE. Taken together, we found evidence that important brain regions for L1 are carried over to L2 reading, maybe more so in highly proficient bilinguals. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. 初中语文教学中的语感培养%The Cultivation of Language Sense in Junior High School Chinese Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦柳枝

    2011-01-01

    长期以来,语感教学被忽视了,而语感的培养与训练应该是语文教学的首要任务。本文就如何在语文教学中培养学生的语感,从五个方面进行了分析:创设听说情境,增强语感;注重朗读背诵,培养语感;重视词语积累,丰富语感;加强阅读训练,提高语感;重视写作训练,发展语感。%Language sense has being ignored for a long time, but the cultivation and training of language sense is the primary task in Chinese teaching. This paper analyzes how to cultivate students' language sense in Chinese teaching from five aspects: creating the situation for listening and speaking to enhance language sense; emphasizing aloud- reading and reciting to cultivate language sense; stressing words accumulation to enrich language sense; strengthening reading training to improve language sense; stressing writing training to develop language sense.

  9. Adult English Language Instruction in the 21st Century. Issues in Preparing Adult English Language Learners for Success Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Duzer, Carol; Florez, MaryAnn Cunningham

    This book provides educators and education policy makers a picture of where the field of teaching adult English language learners is today in order to build a more effective delivery system for the future. It places adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) in the broader context of the U.S. education system (K-12 and adult education), then…

  10. FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING ON THE BASIS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CHINESE AND WESTERN CULTURES%基于中西文化心理差异的外语教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓燕; 胡猛

    2005-01-01

    Foreign language teaching encounters difficulties in terms of learners, psychological differences between Chinese and western cultures. In this article, the major manifestations and their reasons for those cultural differences are discussed. Therefore, foreign language teachers are encouraged to cultivate the learners to improve their cross-cultural awareness so as to lessen the negative influences, creating the optimal foreign language teaching approaches in the background of Chinese culture.

  11. Characterizing Ranked Chinese Syllable-to-Character Mapping Spectrum: A Bridge Between the Spoken and Written Chinese Language

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Wentian

    2012-01-01

    One important aspect of the relationship between spoken and written Chinese is the ranked syllable-to-character mapping spectrum, which is the ranked list of syllables by the number of characters that map to the syllable. Previously, this spectrum is analyzed for more than 400 syllables without distinguishing the four intonations. In the current study, the spectrum with 1280 toned syllables is analyzed by logarithmic function, Beta rank function, and piecewise logarithmic function. Out of the three fitting functions, the two-piece logarithmic function fits the data the best, both by the smallest sum of squared errors (SSE) and by the lowest Akaike information criterion (AIC) value. The Beta rank function is the close second. By sampling from a Poisson distribution whose parameter value is chosen from the observed data, we empirically estimate the $p$-value for testing the two-piece-logarithmic-function being better than the Beta rank function hypothesis, to be 0.16. For practical purposes, the piecewise logar...

  12. Processing emotional words in two languages with one brain: ERP and fMRI evidence from Chinese-English bilinguals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Peiyao; Lin, Jie; Chen, Bingle; Lu, Chunming; Guo, Taomei

    2015-10-01

    Emotional words in a bilingual's second language (L2) seem to have less emotional impact compared to emotional words in the first language (L1). The present study examined the neural mechanisms of emotional word processing in Chinese-English bilinguals' two languages by using both event-related potentials (ERPs) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Behavioral results show a robust positive word processing advantage in L1 such that responses to positive words were faster and more accurate compared to responses to neutral words and negative words. In L2, emotional words only received higher accuracies than neutral words. In ERPs, positive words elicited a larger early posterior negativity and a smaller late positive component than neutral words in L1, while a trend of reduced N400 component was found for positive words compared to neutral words in L2. In fMRI, reduced activation was found for L1 emotional words in both the left middle occipital gyrus and the left cerebellum whereas increased activation in the left cerebellum was found for L2 emotional words. Altogether, these results suggest that emotional word processing advantage in L1 relies on rapid and automatic attention capture while facilitated semantic retrieval might help processing emotional words in L2. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Modeling the Process of Summary Writing of Chinese Learners of English as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jiuliang

    2016-01-01

    In language learning contexts, writing tasks that involve reading of source texts are often used to elicit more authentic integrative language use. Thus, interests in researching these read-to-write tasks in general and as assessment tasks keep growing. This study examined and modeled the process of summary writing as a read-to-write integrated…

  14. Task-Based Language Teaching: Responses from Chinese Teachers of English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Ran

    2013-01-01

    The Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT) method has been the proposed teaching method under the current national English curriculum since 2001. However, few studies have investigated in-service teachers' response to this proposed language teaching method. In this study, thirty public school English teachers were recruited in Beijing across school…

  15. Chinese EFL Teachers' Knowledge of Basic Language Constructs and Their Self-Perceived Teaching Abilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jing; Joshi, R. Malatesha; Dixon, L. Quentin; Huang, Liyan

    2016-01-01

    The present study examined the knowledge and skills of basic language constructs among elementary school teachers who were teaching English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in China. Six hundred and thirty in-service teachers completed the adapted Reading Teacher Knowledge Survey. Survey results showed that English teachers' self-perceived ability to…

  16. Chinese EFL Teachers' Knowledge of Basic Language Constructs and Their Self-Perceived Teaching Abilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jing; Joshi, R. Malatesha; Dixon, L. Quentin; Huang, Liyan

    2016-01-01

    The present study examined the knowledge and skills of basic language constructs among elementary school teachers who were teaching English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in China. Six hundred and thirty in-service teachers completed the adapted Reading Teacher Knowledge Survey. Survey results showed that English teachers' self-perceived ability to…

  17. Mandarin Chinese in London Education: Language Aspirations in a Working-Class Secondary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Milans, Miguel

    2015-01-01

    As the Council of Europe is shifting its traditional focus on learning European languages towards emphasizing the importance of speaking other languages of the wider world, an increasing number of schools are offering Mandarin as part of their official curriculum in the United Kingdom. This is being financially supported by…

  18. Surveying and Modeling Students' Motivation and Learning Strategies for Mobile-Assisted Seamless Chinese Language Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chai, Ching Sing; Wong, Lung-Hsiang; King, Ronnel B.

    2016-01-01

    Seamless language learning promises to be an effective learning approach that addresses the limitations of classroom-only language learning. It leverages mobile technologies to facilitate holistic and perpetual learning experiences that bridge different locations, times, technologies or social settings. Despite the emergence of studies on seamless…

  19. Sociocultural Theory Applied to Second Language Learning: Collaborative Learning with Reference to the Chinese Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dongyu, Zhang; Fanyu, B.; Wanyi, Du

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses the sociocultural theory (SCT). In particular, three significant concepts of Vyogtsky's theory: self-regulation, the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), and scaffolding all of which have been discussed in numerous second language acquisition (SLA) and second language learning (SLL) research papers. These concepts lay the…

  20. 浅谈韩国语汉字的发展与汉字教育的重要性%A Brief History of Chinese Characters in Korean Language and the Significance of Chinese characters Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵亮

    2012-01-01

    汉字在韩国语中非常重要,汉字词占总词汇量半数以上,文化传承乃至日常生活都离不开汉字。作为韩国语教学工作者,了解汉字在韩国语中发展的同时,更应明确教学中汉字教育的重要性。%Chinese characters(which named 'Hanja' ) is very important in modern Korean language, more than half of total vocabulry are Sino- Korean words, which means cultural inheritance and daily life can not be done well without the helping of Chinese characters. As a Korean language teacher, we need to fully realize the significance of Chinese characters learning in Korean language.

  1. Preparing History Teachers to Work with English Learners through a Focus on the Academic Language of Historical Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schall-Leckrone, Laura; McQuillan, Patrick J.

    2012-01-01

    This article reports empirical evidence about the influence of embedding language-based strategies into a history methods course to prepare novice history teachers to teach English learners (ELs). Mixed methods were used in an action research cycle to analyze participants' attitudes and preparedness to teach ELs history before and after being…

  2. Preparing History Teachers to Work with English Learners through a Focus on the Academic Language of Historical Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schall-Leckrone, Laura; McQuillan, Patrick J.

    2012-01-01

    This article reports empirical evidence about the influence of embedding language-based strategies into a history methods course to prepare novice history teachers to teach English learners (ELs). Mixed methods were used in an action research cycle to analyze participants' attitudes and preparedness to teach ELs history before and after being…

  3. Effects of Targeted Test Preparation on Scores of Two Tests of Oral English as a Second Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farnsworth, Tim

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the effect of targeted test preparation, or coaching, on oral English as a second language test scores. The tests in question were the Basic English Skills Test Plus (BEST Plus), a scripted oral interview published by the Center for Applied Linguistics, and the Versant English Test (VET), a computer-administered and…

  4. Study of Cross-cultural Groups' Identity with the Target-language Community and Strategies for Chinese Language Popularity%跨文化族群的认同比较研究与汉语传播策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱雯静; 王建勤

    2012-01-01

    Through a questionnaire survey, this paper studies the attitudes of the overseas Chinese and other Chinese learners in America and Southeast Asia towards language identity with the target- language community, cultural identity, group identity and values. Through the analysis of the ques- tionnaire data, it concludes that these overseas Chinese are quite different from other Chinese learners in this aspect, and brings up some strategies for promoting the popularity of the Chinese language to- wards different cultural groups.%该研究通过问卷调查的方式,考察了美国和东南亚地区华裔及非华裔汉语学习者对目的语社团语言认同、文化认同、族群认同与价值观认同的现状。对问卷结果进行了统计分析,发现华裔和非华裔汉语学习者在对目的语社团的认同上显现出不同的特点,从中可以看到一些值得探讨的问题。文章同时也提出了针对不同文化族群的汉语传播策略。

  5. Understanding Legitimate Teacher Authority in a Cross-Cultural Teaching Context: Pre-Service Chinese Language Teachers Undertaking Teaching Practicum in International Schools in Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Chun; Gu, Mingyue; Hu, Jingjing

    2015-01-01

    Legitimate teacher authority is fundamental to effective teaching, but is often a thorny issue that teachers need to grapple with when teaching in cross-cultural teaching contexts. By interviewing 18 pre-service Chinese language teachers on their understanding of legitimate teacher authority throughout teaching practicum at international schools…

  6. "What about Me? I'm Not Like Chinese but I'm Not Like American": Heritage-Language Learning and Identity of Mixed-Heritage Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Sarah J.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines heritage-language (HL) experience and identity of 12 adults of mixed-heritage backgrounds through in-depth autobiographical interviews. Each participant has an English-speaking American parent and an HL (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Spanish, or Vietnamese)-speaking immigrant parent. The interviews explored each participant's…

  7. Native-Language Phonological Interference in Early Hakka-Mandarin Bilinguals' Visual Recognition of Chinese Two-Character Compounds: Evidence from the Semantic-Relatedness Decision Task

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Shiyu; Ma, Zheng

    2017-01-01

    Previous research has indicated that, in viewing a visual word, the activated phonological representation in turn activates its homophone, causing semantic interference. Using this mechanism of phonological mediation, this study investigated native-language phonological interference in visual recognition of Chinese two-character compounds by early…

  8. Native-Language Phonological Interference in Early Hakka-Mandarin Bilinguals' Visual Recognition of Chinese Two-Character Compounds: Evidence from the Semantic-Relatedness Decision Task

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Shiyu; Ma, Zheng

    2017-01-01

    Previous research has indicated that, in viewing a visual word, the activated phonological representation in turn activates its homophone, causing semantic interference. Using this mechanism of phonological mediation, this study investigated native-language phonological interference in visual recognition of Chinese two-character compounds by early…

  9. The Significance of Language and Cultural Education on Secondary Achievement: A Survey of Chinese-American and Korean-American Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Steven K.

    2002-01-01

    Surveys of 105 U.S.-born, Chinese-American and Korean-American students in southern California high schools found that those who adapted to the mainstream culture while maintaining their heritage language and culture had higher academic achievement than those who wholly adopted mainstream values and lifestyles. (Contains 21 references.) (SV)

  10. Do Students Share the Same Experience in an Online Language Exchange Programme?--The Chinese-French eTandem Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szilas, Jue Wang; Zhang, Ling; Berger, Claudia

    2013-01-01

    This article presents the findings of an eTandem Chinese-French exchange course during two academic years, the year 2010-2011 when the course was not credited, and the year 2011-2012 when the course was credited in one university but not in the other. It focuses on the students' perspective about the language exchange experience. The participants…

  11. On the Importance of Comprehensive Chinese Language Ability:A Preliminary Approach to Improving the Effec-tiveness of Middle School Chinese Language Teaching%“得意”又“得言”--提高中学语文教学实效性方法初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张大义

    2013-01-01

    Chinese language is the most important communication tool. The major task of middle school Chinese language teaching is to improve students' Chinese language ability, and improve their comprehensive ability. Based on discussing the teaching method of laying emphasis on both reading and writing, this pa-per attempts to explore the methods of improving the effectiveness of Chinese language teaching and middle school students' Chi-nese language ability.%  语文是最重要的交际工具。中学语文教学中实现指导学生正确地理解和运用祖国语言,丰富语言的积累,培养语感,发展思维,提高语文能力,进而提高学生综合能力这一目标,是中学语文教学的重要任务。本文试论中学语文课堂教学过程实施读写并重的教学方法运用的问题,探讨提高语文教学时效性、提高中学学生语文能力的方法。

  12. Language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanden, Guro Refsum

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: – The purpose of this paper is to analyse the consequences of globalisation in the area of corporate communication, and investigate how language may be managed as a strategic resource. Design/methodology/approach: – A review of previous studies on the effects of globalisation on corporate...... communication and the implications of language management initiatives in international business. Findings: – Efficient language management can turn language into a strategic resource. Language needs analyses, i.e. linguistic auditing/language check-ups, can be used to determine the language situation...... of a company. Language policies and/or strategies can be used to regulate a company’s internal modes of communication. Language management tools can be deployed to address existing and expected language needs. Continuous feedback from the front line ensures strategic learning and reduces the risk of suboptimal...

  13. Why College Students Want to Learn Asian Languages: A Comparative Study of Motivational Factors for the Selection of Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Vi-etnamese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jack Jinghui Liu

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, more higher educational institutions started to offer less commonly taught languages, and the enrollments in Asian languages have been increasing. However, little was known about why students are interested in the study of a certain Asian lan-guage. This study investigates students’ motivation in the selection of one of four Asian languages: Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Viet-namese, and compares the motivational factors across these lan-guages. Ninety-nine college students who enrolled in the first semes-ter of one of these Asian language classes responded to a Likert-scale questionnaire and open-ended questions. The findings showed that a wide variety of reasons initially motivated college students to learn an Asian language. These fell into six major motivational fac-tors: cultural understanding, heritage-related factor, instrumental ori-entation, integrative orientation, achievement orientation, and admin-istrative. The study found that there were both similarities and differences in the motivational factors across the four Asian lan-guages. The cultural understanding and integrative orientation were the top two shared motivational factors, and administrative orienta-tion was a weak factor across all language groups. In addition, differ-ences in rank order among the six motivational factors were found between East Asian and Southeast Asian languages.

  14. Research on Expression Effect of Rhyme Coordination in Chinese Language%音韵协调在汉语语言中的表达效果研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈秀泉

    2012-01-01

    在汉语语言表达中,为了提高言语表达效果,应该重视音韵的协调,追求语言的形式美。音韵协调在汉语语言中,通过押韵、叠音、双声叠韵的形式,应用在诗歌语言、广告语言、短信语言和网络语言里,表达出音乐美和感染力、良好的宣传效应、幽默风趣的韵律、形象性和个性化色彩等不同效果,给人留下深刻的印象。%In Chinese language expression, attentions should be paid to rhyme coordination in pursuit of beauty of language form so as to enhance expression effect. In Chinese language, rhyme coordination in forms of rhymes, superposition tone,alliteration and assonance, is applied to poetic language, advertising language, short message language and network language, respectively expressing music beauty and appeal,good publicity,humorous rhymes,visual and personalized color, and contributin~ to an imr~r~iv~ off.or n;

  15. A Sociolinguistic Profile of 100 Mothers from Middle to Upper-Middle Socio-Economic Backgrounds in Penang-Chinese Community: What Languages Do They Speak at Home with Their Children?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Low, Hui Min; Nicholas, Howard; Wales, Roger

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports the findings of a survey of 100 mothers of Chinese children aged between 6 and 36 months from middle to upper-middle socio-economic backgrounds in Penang, Malaysia. The findings include the language backgrounds of these mothers, their contextual uses of multiple languages and their language choices with their children. Through…

  16. A Sociolinguistic Profile of 100 Mothers from Middle to Upper-Middle Socio-Economic Backgrounds in Penang-Chinese Community: What Languages Do They Speak at Home with Their Children?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Low, Hui Min; Nicholas, Howard; Wales, Roger

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports the findings of a survey of 100 mothers of Chinese children aged between 6 and 36 months from middle to upper-middle socio-economic backgrounds in Penang, Malaysia. The findings include the language backgrounds of these mothers, their contextual uses of multiple languages and their language choices with their children. Through…

  17. 中国手语数据库建设的构想%The Conception of the Chinese Sign Language Database Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凯; 张书珍; 袁甜甜

    2014-01-01

    介绍学习规范化的中国手语的重要性,论述建设中国手语数据库的重要意义和技术上的可行性,并从手语数据库功能、数据库系统构成、视频库设计等几个方面进行分析和探讨,构建一款可适用于聋人和健听人检索、研究和学习中国手语的多功能的手语数据库,同时提出需要注意的几个问题。%This article introduces the importance of normalized Chinese sign language learning and discusses the significance of Chinese sign language database construction and its technical feasibility. By way of such aspects as the functions of the sign language database, the composition of the database system, the design of the video database, etc., this paper analyzes and discusses about the establishment of a multifunctional sign language database which is suitable for both people with hearing impairment and people without hearing impairment to retrieve information, study and learn Chinese sign language and meanwhile proposes several problems which need paying attention to.

  18. VOT in French as a foreign language: A production and perception study with mono- and multilingual learners (German/Mandarin-Chinese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Christoph

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study addresses the production of Voice Onset Time (VOT in French as a foreign language (FFL. The learners are young multilingual learners who speak Mandarin Chinese as a heritage language along with German. To determine potential effects of the learners’ multilingual background, these multilingual learners were compared to three control groups: (1 monolingual German learners of FFL, (2 monolingual Mandarin Chinese learners of FFL, and (3 native speakers of French (L1. In addition, a perception experiment was carried out to find out to what extent the VOT values measured in the production data contribute to the perception of foreign accent. Our results show that multilingual learners perform similar to monolingual learners, suggesting that multilingual learners are neither advantaged nor disadvantaged when acquiring the phonology of a foreign language. Furthermore, the learners’ perceived accent in the perception data study mirrors the results from the production study.

  19. 学生母语对汉语教学的负面影响(上)%Negative Effect on Chinese Teaching from Students' Mother Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马德元

    2001-01-01

    In this article the author discused the difference between language acquisition and language learning,and pointed out that the Chinese teaching to students of ethnic minorities is a study of linguistic. So some characteristics of students' mother language will bring about negative effect on Chinese teaching. Then the author analyzed the negative effect from three aspects:phonology,grammar and vocabulary.%本文首先讨论语言习得和语言学习的区别,指出对少数民族学生的汉语教学属于语言学习,因此学生母语的某些特点会对汉语教学产生影响,接着分语音、语法、词汇三方面分析了这种负面影响。

  20. Enforcement of the ban on aristolochic acids in Chinese traditional herbal preparations on the Dutch market

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martena, M.J.; Wielen, van der J.C.A.; Laak, van de L.F.J.; Konings, E.J.M.; Groot, de H.N.; Rietjens, I.M.C.M.

    2007-01-01

    In traditional chinese medicine several Aristolochia species are used. Aristolochia spp. contain a mixture of aristolochic acids (AAs), mainly AA I and AA II which are nephrotoxicants and carcinogens. After AA-related nephropathy (AAN) and urothelial cancer were described in female patients in Belgi

  1. Effects of Translation Literature on the Development of Chinese Language%翻译文学对汉语演变的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董利晓

    2014-01-01

    The development of Chinese is an ongoing process and translation literatures have always been an essential and exter-nal drive in the evolvement of Chinese. Translation activities have exerted many effects on the Chinese language. Some acknowl-edged effects of translation on Chinese vocabulary, grammar and syntax will be examined.%汉语的发展演变是一个持续不断的漫长过程,而翻译文学在汉语的演变中一直起着外在助推力的作用。丰富的翻译活动和翻译文学对汉语的发展产生了深远的影响,涉及词汇、语法和句法等方面。

  2. Analysis on the Shift of Personal Pronoun in the Chinese Language - in Terms of Cooperative Principle and Politeness Principle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹

    2013-01-01

    Personal pronoun shift is a common phenomenon that by using second or third personal pronoun, the speaker means first personal pronoun;or speaker means second personal pronoun but uses first or third personal pronoun instead. Since the phe⁃nomenon frequently appears in the Chinese language, a great number of linguists have studied the personal pronoun and the inter⁃pretation of their usage. However, the study for the causes of the phenomenon is not so systemic. This paper aims to explain the personal pronoun shift from the perspective of Cooperative Principle and Politeness Principle, which can help to discover the rela⁃tionship between Cooperative principle and politeness in the shift of personal pronoun.

  3. The Relationship Between Chinese and Western Languages and Writing Systems and the Discoursal Forms of Chinese and Western Philosophies%中西语言文字与哲学话语形态的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志岭

    2012-01-01

    通过对逻辑的不同表征方式,中西方(以英语为例)语言文字分别对各自的哲学话语产生不同的影响,进而促成中国与西方哲学话语的形态差异。中西哲学及其他类型话语的形态在一定程度上是语言文字和思维方式影响的结果。在语言文字构建哲学话语的过程中,语言强加于思想,文字强加于语言。%Through different ways to embody logic,Chinese and western languages(e.g.English) with their different writing systems respectively exert different influences upon the forms of the philosophical discourses of Chinese and western cultures.Thus,the forms of Chinese and western philosophical discourses and other types of discourses partially result from the influence of the languages and writing systems of Chinese and western cultures.In the construction of philosophical discourses,language imposes upon thoughts and discourses,and writing system imposes upon language.

  4. Considerations of Consciousness-raising Tasks in English Language Teaching (ELT) for Chinese College Learners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江璇

    2009-01-01

    @@ Celce-Murcia (2002) states that raising the students' consciousness of how to use grammar accurately and appropriately is important for language acquisition and in particular for tertiary literacy skills development of adult learners.

  5. The Relationships among Language Self-Efficacy, Listening Strategy and Ac-ademic Achievements:A Case of Chinese Qinghai-Tibet Plateau EFL learners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Qiong

    2014-01-01

    The present study was carried out to analyze the effect of language self-efficacy and listening strategy on academic achievements in Chinese Qinghai-Tibet Plateau EFL learners. To achieve this goal, eighty-seven university students participated in the study and filled in language self-efficacy and listening strategy questionnaire. The result revealed that learners ’language self-efficacy, listening strategy are positively correlated with academic achievements. Comparing the two factors influencing lan-guage learning, self-efficacy has higher prediction than listening strategies to academic achievements. Inner correlation exists in language self-efficacy and listening strategies. No gender exists. The study shed more light on the influence of self-efficacy and listening strategy on students’performance.

  6. Building Course Cohesion: The Use of Online Forums in Distance Chinese Language Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Kan; McCormick, Robert

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines a sample of online discussion data from the course forum for the large-scale beginners' Chinese course offered by the UK Open University. This forum is open to all registered students, their participation is completely voluntary and they (rather than tutors) initiate communications. The aim of this study is (i) to seek to…

  7. An Examination of Digital Game-Based Situated Learning Applied to Chinese Language Poetry Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hong-Ren; Lin, You-Shiuan

    2016-01-01

    By gradually placing more importance on game-based education and changing learning motivation by applying game-playing characteristics, students' learning experiences can be enhanced and a better learning effect can be achieved. When teaching the content of Chinese poetry in Taiwanese junior high schools, most teachers only explain the meaning of…

  8. Motivation in Second Language Acquisition in Chinese Research Students in the UK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Daguo

    2006-01-01

    The present study sets out to examine motivation to learn English by Chinese research students in an informal setting. Data were collected, using semi-structured interviews, from four research students at two points in time during their first year in the UK. The main findings are: they believed that learning English was important; their main goal…

  9. Do Chinese- and English-Speaking Preschoolers Think Differently about Language?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guan, Yao; Farrar, M. Jeffrey

    2016-01-01

    Metalinguistic awareness is the ability to identify, reflect upon, and manipulate linguistic units. It plays a critical role in reading development. The present study investigated Chinese- and English-speaking preschoolers' metalinguistic awareness development and the role of cognitive and linguistic abilities in its development. Forty-two…

  10. Australian Chinese Parents' Language Attitudes and Practices Relating to Their Children's Bilingual Development Prior to School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jiangbo; Torr, Jane; Whiteman, Peter

    2014-01-01

    This article reports on a deep investigation of five Australian Chinese families regarding their preschool-aged children's bilingual experiences and development. Each family was visited 3 to 5 times by the first author. The mothers were interviewed about their attitudes toward their child's bilingualism and their practices to promote it. A…

  11. Why Do Chinese College Students Learn ESP: An Analysis of Language Learning Motivations within SDT Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Liangxing

    2016-01-01

    This study mainly investigates the motivational characteristics of Chinese college students learning English for Specific Purposes (ESP). By critically examining and comparing Gardner's (1985) Integrative-Instrumental model and the Self-determination Theory (SDT) by Deci and Ryan(1985), the researcher finds out that the latter one is more…

  12. Australian Chinese Parents' Language Attitudes and Practices Relating to Their Children's Bilingual Development Prior to School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jiangbo; Torr, Jane; Whiteman, Peter

    2014-01-01

    This article reports on a deep investigation of five Australian Chinese families regarding their preschool-aged children's bilingual experiences and development. Each family was visited 3 to 5 times by the first author. The mothers were interviewed about their attitudes toward their child's bilingualism and their practices to promote it. A…

  13. The Use of English in the Chinese Language Classroom: Perspectives from American College Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrietta Yang

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available For a long time, whether learners' first language (L1 should be used in the foreign language classroom has been a controversial issue in the foreign language education field. The focus has been mostly on the use of L1 in the English language classroom (e.g.,Atkinson, 1987; Brooks-Lewis, 2009; Kieu, 2010; Krashen, 1981; Miles, 2004; Nazary, 2008; Prodromou, 2002; Schweers, 1999; Tang,2002. The debate centers on two diverse pedagogical approaches: the monolingual approach and the bilingual approach. The supporters of the monolingual approach contend that only the target language that learners are acquiring (i.e. English in most of the study should be allowed in the classroom, and Krashen (1981, 1985 was a pivotal supporter of this approach. However, other researchers and language teachers argue that the monolingual approach is not practical, particularly in lower-level classes (e.g., Atkinson, 1987; BrooksLewis, 2009; Schweers, 1999; Tang, 2002. They believe that using L1 in the classroom can be very effective when explaining difficult grammar points and linguistic elements that are language specific. The supporters of the bilingual approach do not deny the advantages of maximizing target language exposure and practice. However, they suggest that when learners' L1 is applied strategically, it can actually be a very important learning tool (e.g., Atkinson, 1987; Brooks-Lewis,2009; Schweers, 1999. Furthermore, both Schweers (1999 and Miles (2004 point out that the use of L1 provides students a more relaxed atmosphere and makes them less anxious and more confident in the classroom.

  14. A comparison of finger language,vocabulary formation and sentence expression in Chinese and Japanese sign languages%中日手语手指语、词汇构成和句式表达的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓梅; 王惠

    2011-01-01

    通过对中日手语的界定,分析了两国手语在手指语、词汇构成、句式表达等方面的异同点,便于学习者理解和掌握中日手语的基本知识,对中日两国聋人之间的沟通和交流起到促进作用。%Through defining Chinese and Japanese sign languages,this article analyzes the similarities and differences in Chinese and Japanese sign languages,including finger language,vocabulary formation and sentence expression,which will be beneficial for learners

  15. Use of Foul Language Among Chinese Adolescents: Developmental Change and Relations With Psychosocial Competences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shek, Daniel T L; Lin, Li

    2017-03-01

    The use of foul language becomes increasingly popular among youth, yet scientific research on this topic is grossly missing in the literature. This longitudinal study examined the developmental change of foul language use and its relations to emotional competence, social competence, and moral competence over high school years. Data were from a six-year longitudinal study between grade 7 and grade 12 with an annual assessment on 3,328 Hong Kong adolescents (mean age = 12.59 ± .74 years). Multiple-group latent growth curve modeling based on six waves of longitudinal data were conducted. Results showed that the use of foul language increased, but the increase rate slowed down over time; males showed faster increase rate yet faster deceleration than did females. In addition, changes in emotional competence, social competence, and moral competence negatively predicted the change in use of foul language across males and females, respectively. Adolescents are vulnerable to increasing their use of foul language. However, promoting emotional competence, social competence, and moral competence could be helpful to minimize the increasing trend of use of foul language. Copyright © 2016 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. 文化与对外汉语教学中汉字的教学%Culture and the Teaching of Chinese Characters in Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温可佳

    2016-01-01

    传统的以语言技能为重心的对外汉语教学已经不能适应新形势的需要,对外汉语教学的目的是培养学习者的交际能力,而不同文化圈的交际活动便形成了跨文化交际行为,因此文化教学成为了对外汉语教学中必不可少的一部分。文化参与汉字教学的方式:字形文化结合,培养兴趣;汉字结构讲解,文化引导;讲述汉字故事,寓教于乐;多种方式练习,预防枯燥。%In the traditional way of Chinese teaching method focusing on language skills cannot meet the needs of the new situation. The aim of teaching Chinese as the second language is to cultivate students' communicative competence. The communication in different cultural circles lead to intercultural communication, so culture teaching has become an essential part of teaching Chinese as the second language. The ways of culture participation in Chinese character teaching are: combining font and culture to cultivate interest; interpreting Chinese characters’ structure to lead in culture; telling the story of Chinese characters to teach through entertainment and practicing in different ways to prevent boredom.

  17. 提高汉语口语表达能力的学习策略%Strategies to Improve the Ability of Chinese Spoken Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王新青

    2012-01-01

    Along with Chinese MHK test being carried out,in order to overcome the difficulties in teaching and learning Chinese spoken language expression,the course of oral Chinese has been offered. In this paper, a new course of spoken Chinese teaching practice has been analized, from the persepeetive of psychology and cognitive theory,in order to improve the students' spoken Chinese level, nese learners'reference. put forward some spoken Chinese learning strategies,for Chinese learners reference.%随着汉语MHK考试的推行,为攻克汉语口语表达这一难关,汉语教学又增设了汉语口语课程。文章通过汉语口语这一新开课程的教学实践,从心理学和认知论入手,针对提高学生汉语口语水平,提出了一些口语学习的策略,以供汉语学习者参考。

  18. 论对外汉语教师的跨文化素质%On the intercultural competence of teachers of Chinese as foreign language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚敏

    2013-01-01

      对外汉语教师在给外国学生教授汉语的过程中扮演着一个汉文化的传播者的角色。这就要求教师不但要具备扎实的汉语知识和汉文化、对象国的知识与文化的素养,还要了解与对象国之间的文化差异,才能更好地采取交际策略。解决文化矛盾的策略是对外汉语教师要具有国际意识,尊重对象国的文化,代表国家形象的意识,提高跨文化交际的能力。%Teaching Chinese as a foreign language teachers play the disseminator role of Chinese culture Chinese in the process of teaching Chinese to foreign students. This requires that teachers should not only have a solid knowledge of Chinese and Chinese culture, local knowledge and cultural accomplishment, but also understand the cultural differences between countries, in order to better take communicative strategy. To solve the cultural contradiction strategy is Chinese teacher must have the international consciousness, respect the local culture, represent the national image consciousness, improve the ability of intercultural communication.

  19. 影响美国华裔母语保持的个体及社会心理因素%A Survey of Individual and Sociopsychological Factors on the Language Maintenance of American-Chinese Heritage Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏岩军; 王建勤; 魏惠琳; 闻亭; 李可

    2012-01-01

    The present study explores the effect of individual and sociopsychological factors on language maintenance based on a survey of 206 American-Chinese heritage language (HL) learners By analyzing the quantitative questionnaire data, the following results are achieved:Firstly, the age of immigration, the duration of studying Chinese are significant predictors of Chinese proficiency, while visits to China and education background showed no influences on language maintenance. However, the longer studying time has not improved the speaking ability. Second, American Chinese HL learners' attitudes and motivation has no relationship with Chinese proficiency. On the contrary, the correlation between Chinese language identity and language proficiency is obviously er, while Chinese culture identity, ethnic group identity and traditional values identity show no significant links with Chinese proficiency. As is seen from this study, there are still lots of challenges about HL maintenance, and accordingly the politics and strategies are put forward to reverse such situation.%本文通过问卷对现居美国的华裔汉语学习者进行调查,试图揭示学习者个体及社会心理因素对其母语保持的影响。经统计分析,本文得出以下结论:移民时间越晚,汉语学习时间越长,美国华裔母语保持水平越高,口语水平未受汉语学习时间影响;在华时间和教育程度对母语保持没有影响;对母语社团态度、动机与母语保持水平之间不相关;在母语社团认同上,母语认同与母语技能相关程度较高,文化、族群和价值观认同与之基本不相关。针对当前华裔母语保持存在的诸多问题.本文提出了相应的母语保持策略。

  20. The Preparation and Supervision of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language in Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagarik, Panninee

    1973-01-01

    Paper contributed as Thailand's Country Report to the Eighth Regional Seminar on "The Training and Supervision of Teachers of English as a Second or Foreign Language," July 3-7, 1973, Regional English Language Centre, Singapore. (HW)