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Sample records for preeden tauno otto

  1. Digitaalse arengu eestvedaja Rootsis - digitšempion professor Jan Gulliksen / Tauno Otto

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Otto, Tauno, 1967-

    2016-01-01

    Tallinna tehnikaülikoolis pidas 22. aprillil avaliku loengu Rootsi kuningliku tehnikaülikooli dekaan, professor Jan Gulliksen. Loengu teema oli, kuidas Rootsi edendab digitaliseerimist nii hariduses kui ka tööstuses

  2. NS Otto Hahn

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schafstall, H.G.

    1983-01-01

    For the bulk cargo ship had been chosen the advanced PWR, the secial characteristic of which is an integrated primary loop with automatic pressurisation. Altogether the Otto Hahn covered over half a million sea-miles. In-service inspections and examinations of the reactor plant were effected by control authorities every year. During the whole operating period the NS Otto Hahn showed a safe and reliable behaviour even from the view of radiation protection. (DG) [de

  3. Isotype by Otto Neurath

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malysheva O. A.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available the article deals with the theoretical basis of the infographic and its practical impact on the person’s attention by the example of the book of Otto Neurath's about the international pictorial language. This shows the relevance of design methods of Isotype system and its influence on modern infographic.

  4. Otto Toeplitz Memorial Conference

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ball, J.A.

    1981-01-01

    A conference in operator theory and its applications commemorating the 100th anniversary of the birth of the distinguished German mathematician Otto Toeplitz, organized by the University of Tel Aviv together with German Mathematical Society, took place in Tel Aviv, Israel, from May 11th to 15th, 1981. I give here a broad very subjective overview of the proceedings of the conference for the benefit of readers of TTSP; for those interested in further details, a forthcoming volume in the Birkhaeuser series Operator Theory: Advances and Applications will consist of expanded written versions of most of the talks given at the conference

  5. 'Pflanze, Otto, Bismarck'

    OpenAIRE

    Burgaud, Stéphanie

    2013-01-01

    La somme que l’historien américain O.P. consacra au ministre prussien puis chancelier d’Empire, Otto von Bismarck, parut en 1990, fruit de plusieurs décennies de travail. Traduite en allemand en 1997 chez Beck, elle connut un immense succès académique. La posture de l’auteur, en retrait des débats historiographiques sur le Sonderweg, son impartialité affichée, et surtout l’analyse équilibrée qu’il menait entre période prussienne et impériale (particulièrement lisible dans la version allemande...

  6. Decommissioning of NS OTTO HAHN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lettnin, H.K.J.; Viecenz, H.J.

    1982-01-01

    With NS OTTO HAHN for the first time a nuclear propelled merchant vessel has been regularly decommissioned after more than 10 years of successful operation. Based on the concept of the total decontamination about 1100 ts of contaminated and decontaminated components have been dismantled and removed from board ship. 260 ts of contaminated components packed in 10 ft containers and 400-liter drums and the 480 ts RPV unit are stored at the GKSS site for post investigations. A total mass of about 370 ts has been decontaminated by mechanical and chemical procedures below the required radiological limits. The nuclear status of OTTO HAHN has been removed by the competent licensing authority in June 1982 so that the vessel is now offered for sale for conventionel operations. 8 references, 11 figures

  7. Otto Hahn achievement and responsibility

    CERN Document Server

    Hoffmann, Klaus

    2001-01-01

    Otto Hahn (1879-1968) was awarded the 1944 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on atomic fission: his work in Berlin in the 1930s and 1940s with Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassmann led to the discovery that uranium nuclei bombarded by neutrons undergo spontaneous fission, releasing enormous energies. This work, conveyed to England and the US by scientific refugees from Nazi Germany, led to the instigation of the Manhattan Project and the development of the Atomic Bomb. Reviled by many after the war as one of the people responsible for the carnage at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Hahn had already begun to reflect on the social responsibility of scientists for their fundamental discoveries and the subsequent applications of the knowledge they create. Already during the war, Hahn had protested Nazi restrictions on Universities and researchers, and after the War, he became actively involved in efforts to restrict the spread of nuclear weapons. In this volume Klaus Hoffmann discusses Hahn's contributions to science and...

  8. Otto Hahn (1944). Discovery of nuclear fission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-01-01

    Otto Hahn (Frankfurt-on-Main, 1879-Gotinga, 1968) is the discoverer of nuclear fission, which awarded him the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1944. After leaving Germany during the Second World War to settle in the United Kingdom, he returned to this country as a renown figure

  9. Otto Hahn (1944). Discovery of nuclear fission

    CERN Document Server

    Hahn, Otto

    2003-01-01

    Otto Hahn (Frankfurt-on-Main, 1879-Gotinga, 1968) is the discoverer of nuclear fission, which awarded him the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1944. After leaving Germany during the Second World War to settle in the United Kingdom, he returned to this country as a renown figure.

  10. Otto Lanz, surgeon and art collector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Gulik, T. M.; Brummelkamp, W. H.

    1988-01-01

    Otto Lanz (1865-1935) was educated in Switzerland, where he was trained in the surgical clinic of Theodore Kocher. In 1902, he was appointed as a professor of surgery in Amsterdam, remaining there until his death. He was wellknown for his surgery of the thyroid gland and for his studies on the

  11. OTTO - the analysing system for spectra ver 9.0

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Menningen, M.

    1989-10-01

    OTTO is an interactive command system for the analysis of one-dimensional spectra. OTTO includes basic functions for spectra handling, interactive arithmetic with variables and arrays (formula interpreter), as well as numerous graphic functions. In combination with the general functions more complex dedicated routines (physical routines) are available, e.g. to prepare the measured data or to transform them. There are several program versions including different physical routines. The most important feature of OTTO is a very variable fitting routine (least square fit). A large number of fitting functions is available. Additional functions may be supplied by the user. All operations may be executed also in procedures (command files). The procedure processor is capable of a set of control instructions (jumps, loops, if's). Thus extended procedures may be written in the OTTO command-language. OTTO is written in FORTRAN and was impelemented at VAX computers. (orig.) [de

  12. Otto Graf Lambsdorff in memoriam / Wolter von Tiesenhausen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiesenhausen, Wolter von

    2010-01-01

    Baltisaksa päritolu liberaalsest saksa poliitikust Otto Graf Lambsdorff'ist, kes täitis mitmel korral Saksamaa majandusministri kohuseid. Lisaks baltisaksa päritolule olid tal Baltimaadega isiklikud poliitilised seosed, vend Hagen töötas Saksa saatkonnas Riias ja poeg Nikolaus teenis diplomaadina Tallinnas. President Lennart Meri omistas Otto Graf Lambsdorffile Maarjamaa risti I klassi teenetemärgi

  13. Pop / Tauno Maarpuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maarpuu, Tauno

    2006-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Scandinavian Music Group "Hölmö rakkaus", Baron Zen "At The Mall", Cave, Nick & Warren Ellis "The Proposition. Original Soundtrack", Eläkeläiset "Humppasirkus", Warren Zevon "Reconsider Me: The Love Songs"

  14. Pop / Tauno Maarpuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maarpuu, Tauno

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Malcolm Middleton "A Brighter Beat", Bonobo "Days To Come", Beach House "Beach House", 69 Eyes "Angels", The Stooges "The Weirdness", Art Garfunkel "Some Enchanted Evening", Calla "Strength in Numbers", XXI Sajandi Orkester "Kaheksa"

  15. Pop / Tauno Maarpuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maarpuu, Tauno

    2006-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: The Fiery Furnaces "Bitter Tea", Ian Gillan "Gillan's Inn", Feeder "The Singels", Phoenix "It's Never Been Like That", Elvis Costello & Allen Toussaint "The River in Reverse", Erinevad esitajad "The New Gold Standard", Erinevad esitajad "R2 Live Vol. 1"

  16. Rediscovery of Otto Frank's contribution to science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhtz-Buschbeck, Johann P; Drake-Holland, Angela; Noble, Mark I M; Lohff, Brigitte; Schaefer, Jochen

    2018-06-01

    In the late 19th century, German physiologist Otto Frank (1865-1944) embarked on a near life-long research program of laying down the mathematical, methodological, and theoretical foundations in order to understand and define the performance of the heart and circulatory system in all their complexity. The existence of the "Frank-Starling law" testifies to this. Two of his seminal publications have been translated into English previously, introducing Frank's research on the dynamics of the heart and the arterial pulse to a wider audience. It is likely that there are a host of other comparable achievements and publications of Frank that are still unknown to the international scientific (cardiological and physiological) community. However, their influence can still be felt and seen in modern cardiology and cardio-physiology, such as in the development of modern interactive simulating and teaching programs. We have translated and commented on ten of these papers, which can be read in parallel with the German originals. These publications show a wealth of theoretical assumptions and projections regarding the importance of the sarcomere, the development of models of contraction, thermo-dynamical considerations for muscular activity, differences between cardiac and skeletal muscles, problems related to methodology and measurement, and the first pressure-volume diagram (published 120 years ago). These topics were envisioned by Frank long before they became a focus of subsequent modern research. Nowadays, frequent measurements of pressure-volume relationships are made in research using the pressure-volume conductance catheter technique. In commenting Frank's scientific topics, we try to show how interconnected his thinking was, and thus how it enabled him to cover such a wide range of subjects. Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  17. Power Peaking Effect of OTTO Fuel Scheme Pebble Bed Reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setiadipura, T.; Suwoto; Zuhair; Bakhri, S.; Sunaryo, G. R.

    2018-02-01

    Pebble Bed Reactor (PBR) type of Hight Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) is a very interesting nuclear reactor design to fulfill the growing electricity and heat demand with a superior passive safety features. Effort to introduce the PBR design to the market can be strengthen by simplifying its system with the Once-through-then-out (OTTO) cycle PBR in which the pebble fuel only pass the core once. Important challenge in the OTTO fuel scheme is the power peaking effect which limit the maximum nominal power or burnup of the design. Parametric survey is perform in this study to investigate the contribution of different design parameters to power peaking effect of OTTO cycle PBR. PEBBED code is utilized in this study to perform the equilibrium PBR core analysis for different design parameter and fuel scheme. The parameters include its core diameter, height-per-diameter (H/D), power density, and core nominal power. Results of this study show that diameter and H/D effectsare stronger compare to the power density and nominal core power. Results of this study might become an importance guidance for design optimization of OTTO fuel scheme PBR.

  18. Otto von Habsburg : III maailmasõda on läbi / Otto von Habsburg ; interv. Marianne Mikko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Habsburg, Otto von, 1912-2011

    2002-01-01

    Otto von Habsburg vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Euroopa konvendi presidendi teadet, et Türgi koht ei ole EL-is, Iraagi võimalikku ründamist, Hiina ja Venemaa suhteid, Tšetšeeniat, tshetsheene ja terrorismi, Venemaa, EL-i ja USA suhteid, III maailmasõda, Eesti Vabariigi tulevikku

  19. NS OTTO HAHN - the first German nuclear ship

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1981-01-01

    The NS OTTO HAHN is the first and only European nuclear propelled cargo and research vessel. She entered service in 1968 and was operated for 11 years without any technical failure. The essential experience and know-how about the nuclear propulsion unit is available now. Therefore the ship was decommissioned in 1979. Until the end of 1981 all activated and contaminated components will be removed and decontaminated. The ship can then be released for conventional utilization. In this book the NS OTTO HAHN is described in detail and the experiences of operation as well as research and development activities are reported. All earlier publications of GKSS on the same subject are listed. (orig.) [de

  20. Reverse osmosis seawater test facility on board NS Otto Hahn

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boeddeker, K.W.; Hilgendorff, W.; Kaschemekat, J.

    1977-01-01

    To evaluate the performance of reverse osmosis membranes and prototype modules for the desalination of sea water under near technical conditions, a test station has been installed on board the nuclear research vessel NS Otto Hahn. A newly designed plate module with variable membrane area and favorable membrane exchange properties is being used as a test instrument for membranes and operating conditions. (orig./HK) [de

  1. Liivimaa orientalisti Otto Friedrich Richteri õpiaastad / Indrek Jürjo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürjo, Indrek, 1956-2009

    2006-01-01

    Richteri koduõpetajaks oli kuulus Venemaa ajaloolane ja Tartu ülikooli kauaaegne rektor Gustav Ewers. Kõigepealt saadeti Otto prantsuse ja vene keele õppimise eesmärgil Moskva ülikooli (1808). 1809. aasta sügisest jätkus haridustee Heidelbergis, järgnes tavapärasest haridusteest eristuv erastuudium Viinis, mis kulges iseseisvate õpingute ja vahetu läbikäimise tähe all mitme tolleaegse vaimusuurusega

  2. Otto Hahn - Research and responsibility. Conflicts of a scientist

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hoffmann, K.

    2005-01-01

    The life of Otto Hahn is documented and the time where science started in the mysterious field of radioactivity. The main steps: Youth, studies, first practical experiences, research at Berlin university, first world war, success for atomic researchers, national socialism - night over Germany, fission of uranium atom, menace with the atomic bomb of Hitler, the American super explosive U235, hunting on atomic researchers, diplomacy with atomic bombs, in conflict with conscience and policy, against nuclear arm tests and atomic arm race. (GL)

  3. Multiple-state quantum Otto engine, 1D box system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Latifah, E., E-mail: enylatifah@um.ac.id [Laboratory of Theoretical Physics and Natural Philosophy, Physics Department, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, ITS, Surabaya, Indonesia and Physics Department, Malang State University (Indonesia); Purwanto, A. [Laboratory of Theoretical Physics and Natural Philosophy, Physics Department, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, ITS, Surabaya (Indonesia)

    2014-03-24

    Quantum heat engines produce work using quantum matter as their working substance. We studied adiabatic and isochoric processes and defined the general force according to quantum system. The processes and general force are used to evaluate a quantum Otto engine based on multiple-state of one dimensional box system and calculate the efficiency. As a result, the efficiency depends on the ratio of initial and final width of system under adiabatic processes.

  4. Dr. Otto Heinrich Warburg—Survivor of Ethical Storms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George M. Weisz

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Otto Heinrich Warburg (1883–1970; not to be confused with the Zionist of the same name was a member of an illustrious Jewish family, known for some five centuries. From humble beginnings, the family became prominent in the world for their contributions to all aspects of society. The son of a German mother and a Jewish (converted father, Otto H. Warburg became a major contributor to medical science in the field of cancer research. Considered for Nobel Prize more than once, he finally received it in 1931 for his discovery of the nature and mode of action of the cellular respiratory enzyme. Warburg’s personality was controversial: he was intolerant of opposing scientific views yet tolerant toward Nazi abuses. Accused of collaboration under the Nazi regime, Otto H. Warburg was nevertheless readmitted to the global scientific community after World War II. His contribution to cancer research remains influential to this day and has been superseded by discoveries that have built upon his work.

  5. Otto Hahn - Research and responsibility. Conflicts of a scientist; Otto Hahn - Forschung und Verantwortung. Konflikte eines Wissenschaftlers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffmann, K.

    2005-07-01

    The life of Otto Hahn is documented and the time where science started in the mysterious field of radioactivity. The main steps: Youth, studies, first practical experiences, research at Berlin university, first world war, success for atomic researchers, national socialism - night over Germany, fission of uranium atom, menace with the atomic bomb of Hitler, the American super explosive U235, hunting on atomic researchers, diplomacy with atomic bombs, in conflict with conscience and policy, against nuclear arm tests and atomic arm race. (GL)

  6. Otto von Guericke and 17th century cosmology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knobloch, Eberhard

    Otto von Guericke's scientific method was based on reason and experimental science. His cosmology was embedded in theology and can be interpreted as a refutation of Descartes' worldview. He used Nicolaus Cusanus' theory of quantities in order to characterize space. The notion of space has to be distinguished from that of world or heaven. Forces play a crucial role in this respect described by Athanasius Kircher in his "Celestial Journey". Guericke read this work very diligently. In spite of some obvious similarities between Guericke's and Newton's scientific aims and methods there are crucial differences between the scientific convictions and results of these scholars.

  7. The 2nd reactor core of the NS Otto Hahn

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Manthey, H.J.; Kracht, H.

    1979-01-01

    Details of the design of the 2nd reactor core are given, followed by a brief report summarising the operating experience gained with this 2nd core, as well as by an evaluation of measured data and statements concerning the usefulness of the knowledge gained for the development of future reactor cores. Quite a number of these data have been used to improve the concept and thus the specifications for the fuel elements of the 3rd core of the reactor of the NS Otto Hahn. (orig./HP) [de

  8. Evaluating Otto the Auto: Does Engagement in an Interactive Website Improve Young Children's Transportation Safety?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwebel, David C; Johnston, Anna; Shen, Jiabin; Li, Peng

    2017-07-19

    Transportation-related injuries are a leading cause of pediatric death, and effective interventions are limited. Otto the Auto is a website offering engaging, interactive activities. We evaluated Otto among a sample of sixty-nine 4- and 5-year-old children, who participated in a randomized parallel group design study. Following baseline evaluation, children engaged with either Otto or a control website for 2 weeks and then were re-evaluated. Children who used Otto failed to show increases in transportation safety knowledge or behavior compared to the control group, although there was a dosage effect whereby children who engaged in the website more with parents gained safer behavior patterns. We conclude Otto may have some efficacy when engaged by children with their parents, but continued efforts to develop and refine engaging, effective, theory-driven strategies to teach children transportation safety, including via internet, should be pursued.

  9. LA CTE "OTTO PARELLADA" (TALLAPIEDRA COMO BASE MATERIAL DE ESTUDIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto E Calvo González

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el análisis de las posibilidades que tiene la CTE" Otto Parellada" como elemento fundamental en la formación de ingenieros electricistas, así como para otras especialidades.Se expone el modo en que actualmente se le aprovecha para la carrera de Ingeniería Eléctrica en ladisciplina de Centrales Termoeléctricas, así como para la carrera de Ingeniería Mecánica en la asignatura homónimadel 1er. año. Se exponen otras posibilidades de la planta que podrían ser explotadas aún por otras carreras comoArquitectura, al tener características que la avalan como Patrimonio Industrial.  In this paper is presented the analysis of the possibilities like fundamental element that Otto Parellada SteamPower Plant has for the electrical, as well as other specialties engineers' syllabus. The way that at present time isused for the electrical engineers education, in the thermal engineering subjects is exposed, as well as for themechanical engineering in the 1st year. Other possibilities of the plant that could still be exploited by otherscareers like architecture, due to the characteristic that endorse it as Industrial Patrimony are also exposed.

  10. A quantum Otto engine with finite heat baths

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pozas-Kerstjens, Alejandro; Brown, Eric G.; Hovhannisyan, Karen V.

    2018-01-01

    We study a driven harmonic oscillator operating an Otto cycle by strongly interacting with two thermal baths of finite size. Using the tools of Gaussian quantum mechanics, we directly simulate the dynamics of the engine as a whole, without the need to make any approximations. This allows us...... to understand the non-equilibrium thermodynamics of the engine not only from the perspective of the working medium, but also as it is seen from the thermal baths' standpoint. For sufficiently large baths, our engine is capable of running a number of perfect cycles, delivering finite power while operating very...... close to maximal efficiency. Thereafter, having traversed the baths, the perturbations created by the interaction abruptly deteriorate the engine's performance. Weadditionally study the correlations generated in the system, and, in particular, we find a direct connection between the build up of bath...

  11. Quantum degeneracy effect on performance of irreversible Otto cycle with ideal Bose gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wu Feng; Chen Lingen; Sun Fengrui; Wu Chih; Guo Fangzhong; Li Qing

    2006-01-01

    An Otto cycle working with an ideal Bose gas is called a Bose Otto cycle. The internal irreversibility of the cycle is included in the factors of internal irreversibility degree. The quantum degeneracy effect on the performance of the cycle is investigated based on quantum statistical mechanics and thermodynamics. Variations of the maximum work output ratio R W and the efficiency ratio y with temperature ratio τ are examined, which reveal the influence of the quantum degeneracy of the working substance on the performance of a Bose Otto cycle. It is shown that the results obtained herein are valid under both classical and quantum ideal gas conditions

  12. Performance of a cycle Otto engine using biogas; Desempenho de um motor ciclo Otto utilizando biogas como combustivel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Juliano de [Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Parana (UNIOESTE), Cascavel, PR (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias Exatas e Tecnologicas], e-mail: jsouza@unioeste.br; Souza, Samuel N. Melegari de, [Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Parana (UNIOESTE), Cascavel, PR (Brazil); Machado, Paulo Romeu M [Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), RS (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Mecanica

    2004-07-01

    The rising of the oil prices is increasing the search for alternative fuels. Brazil has a great availability of biogas from anaerobic digestion in the rural area, urban waste in the landfills and treatment of the municipal sewer. In this work were evaluated in dynamometer a cycle Otto engine using biogas, and were obtained the characteristics curves of torque and power. First was done the evidence test with gasoline, biogas and natural gas, using commercial systems for this fuels, using as comparison for other tests. After has been done tests for some combinations of ignition point, mixer of gas and compression tax. By the analysis of the results has been concluded that the better results for power and torque using biogas as fuel were with a tax compression of 12,5:1, gas mixer long and ignition point advanced in 45 deg. (author)

  13. Preliminary Neutronic Design of High Burnup OTTO Cycle Pebble Bed Reactor

    OpenAIRE

    Setiadipura, T; Irwanto, D; Zuhair, Zuhair

    2015-01-01

    The pebble bed type High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) is among the interesting nuclear reactor designs in terms of safety and flexibility for co-generation applications. In addition, the strong inherent safety characteristics of the pebble bed reactor (PBR) which is based on natural mechanisms improve the simplicity of the PBR design, in particular for the Once-Through-Then-Out (OTTO) cycle PBR design. One of the important challenges of the OTTO cycle PBR design, and nuclear reactor ...

  14. Multilevel quantum Otto heat engines with identical particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, X. L.; Guo, D. Y.; Wu, S. L.; Yi, X. X.

    2018-02-01

    A quantum Otto heat engine is studied with multilevel identical particles trapped in one-dimensional box potential as working substance. The symmetrical wave function for Bosons and the anti-symmetrical wave function for Fermions are considered. In two-particle case, we focus on the ratios of W^i (i=B,F) to W_s, where W^B and W^F are the work done by two Bosons and Fermions, respectively, and W_s is the work output of a single particle under the same conditions. Due to the symmetrical of the wave functions, the ratios are not equal to 2. Three different regimes, low-temperature regime, high-temperature regime, and intermediate-temperature regime, are analyzed, and the effects of energy level number and the differences between the two baths are calculated. In the multiparticle case, we calculate the ratios of W^i_M/M to W_s, where W^i_M/M can be seen as the average work done by a single particle in multiparticle heat engine. For other working substances whose energy spectrum has the form of E_n˜ n^2, the results are similar. For the case E_n˜ n, two different conclusions are obtained.

  15. Otto Dix, Pablo Picasso y la pintura de guerra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Llorente Hernández

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La Primera Guerra Mundial provocó desde su desencadenamiento cambios importantes en los países implicados que afectaron a todos los ámbitos de la vida de sus poblaciones. Algunos artistas sintieron especialmente la repercusión moral y la convulsión causadas por la guerra mecanizada en la que un número cada vez mayor de soldados morían en el frente, a la vez que se producían masacres en zonas de la retaguardia. El pintor expresionista alemán Otto Dix recogió en sus dibujos, hechos en primera línea de combate, la dureza de los enfrentamientos y de la vida de los combatientes en las trincheras del frente occidental y reflejó en grabados y pinturas posteriores a la Gran Guerra las penalidades y los horrores sufridas por aquellos. Sus obras son, además de testimonios de las atrocidades de los combates, condena y denuncia de todas las guerras. En el año 1937 el español Pablo Picasso pintó el mural Guernica, cuyo título alude al bombardeo de la localidad vasca del mismo nombre, ocurrido poco tiempo antes de que su autor lo comenzase. Ya desde su creación, el cuadro se convirtió en una de las obras artísticas principales del pasado siglo y en icono de la lucha por la paz. Ambos artistas emplearon lenguajes vanguardistas para crear formas nuevas, alejadas de las maneras tradicionales de representar la guerra en la cultura occidental. Dix se sirvió del expresionismo para mostrar en sus composiciones escenas verosímiles de una dureza difícil de soportar para quienes las contemplan. Picasso se apoyó sobre todo en el cubismo y el surrealismo para aludir a los efectos de la guerra moderna sobre la población indefensa.Countries involved in The Great War experienced dramatic changes in every aspect of their day to day life. Some artists were especially sensitive towards the moral convulsion caused by a mechanized war where an increasing number of soldiers were dying in the frontline and massacres were taking place in the rear. Through

  16. Revision of Sternaspis Otto, 1821 (Polychaeta, Sternaspidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sendall, Kelly; Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract To the memory of William Ronald Sendall Sternaspid polychaetes are common and often abundant in soft bottoms in the world oceans. Some authors suggest that only one species should be recognized, whereas others regard a few species as widely distributed in many seas and variable depths from the low intertidal to about 4400 m. There are some problems with species delineation and the distinctive ventro-caudal shield has been disregarded or barely used for identifying species. In order to clarify these issues, the ventral shield is evaluated in specimens from the same locality and its diagnostic potential is confirmed. On this basis, a revision of Sternaspis Otto, 1821 (Polychaeta: Sternaspidae) is presented based upon type materials, or material collected from type localities. The sternaspid body, introvert hooks and shield show three distinct patterns, two genera have seven abdominal segments and tapered introvert hooks, and one genus has eight abdominal segments and spatulate introvert hooks. The ventro-caudal shield has three different patterns: stiff with ribs, and sometimes concentric lines, stiff with feebly-defined ribs but no concentric lines, and soft with firmly adhered sediment particles. Sternaspis is restricted to include species with seven abdominal segments, falcate introvert hooks, and stiff shields, often exhibiting radial ribs, concentric lines or both. Sternaspis includes, besides the type species, Sternaspis thalassemoides Otto, 1821 from the Mediterranean Sea, Sternaspis affinis Stimpson, 1864 from the Northeastern Pacific, Sternaspis africana Augener, 1918, stat. n. from Western Africa, Sternaspis andamanensis sp. n. from the Andaman Sea, Sternaspis costata von Marenzeller, 1879 from Japan, Sternaspis fossor Stimpson, 1853 from the Northwestern Atlantic, Sternaspis islandica Malmgren, 1867 from Iceland, Sternaspis maior Chamberlin, 1919 from the Gulf of California, Sternaspis princeps Selenka, 1885 from New Zealand, Sternaspis rietschi

  17. Revision of Sternaspis Otto, 1821 (Polychaeta, Sternaspidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelly Sendall

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Sternaspid polychaetes are common and often abundant in soft bottoms in the world oceans. Some authors suggest that only one species should be recognized, whereas others regard a few species as widely distributed in many seas and variable depths from the low intertidal to about 4400 m. There are some problems with species delineation and the distinctive ventro-caudal shield has been disregarded or barely used for identifying species. In order to clarify these issues, the ventral shield is evaluated in specimens from the same locality and its diagnostic potential is confirmed. On this basis, a revision of Sternaspis Otto, 1821 (Polychaeta: Sternaspidae is presented based upon type materials, or material collected from type localities. The sternaspid body, introvert hooks and shield show three distinct patterns, two genera have seven abdominal segments and tapered introvert hooks, and one genus has eight abdominal segments and spatulate introvert hooks. The ventro-caudal shield has three different patterns: stiff with ribs, and sometimes concentric lines, stiff with feebly-defined ribs but no concentric lines, and soft with firmly adhered sediment particles. Sternaspis is restricted to include species with seven abdominal segments, falcate introvert hooks, and stiff shields, often exhibiting radial ribs, concentric lines or both. Sternaspis includes, besides the type species, S. thalassemoides Otto, 1821 from the Mediterranean Sea, S. affinis Stimpson, 1864 from the Northeastern Pacific, S. africana Augener, 1918, stat. n. from Western Africa, S. andamanensis sp. n. from the Andaman Sea, S. costata von Marenzeller, 1879 from Japan, S. fossor Stimpson, 1853 from the Northwestern Atlantic, S. islandica Malmgren, 1867 from Iceland, S. maior Chamberlin, 1919 from the Gulf of California, S. princeps Selenka, 1885 from New Zealand, S. rietschi Caullery, 1944 from abyssal depths around Indonesia, S. scutata (Ranzani, 1817 from the Mediterranean Sea, S

  18. Revision of sternaspis otto, 1821 (polychaeta, sternaspidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sendall, Kelly; Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I

    2013-01-01

    To the memory of William Ronald Sendall Sternaspid polychaetes are common and often abundant in soft bottoms in the world oceans. Some authors suggest that only one species should be recognized, whereas others regard a few species as widely distributed in many seas and variable depths from the low intertidal to about 4400 m. There are some problems with species delineation and the distinctive ventro-caudal shield has been disregarded or barely used for identifying species. In order to clarify these issues, the ventral shield is evaluated in specimens from the same locality and its diagnostic potential is confirmed. On this basis, a revision of Sternaspis Otto, 1821 (Polychaeta: Sternaspidae) is presented based upon type materials, or material collected from type localities. The sternaspid body, introvert hooks and shield show three distinct patterns, two genera have seven abdominal segments and tapered introvert hooks, and one genus has eight abdominal segments and spatulate introvert hooks. The ventro-caudal shield has three different patterns: stiff with ribs, and sometimes concentric lines, stiff with feebly-defined ribs but no concentric lines, and soft with firmly adhered sediment particles. Sternaspis is restricted to include species with seven abdominal segments, falcate introvert hooks, and stiff shields, often exhibiting radial ribs, concentric lines or both. Sternaspis includes, besides the type species, Sternaspis thalassemoides Otto, 1821 from the Mediterranean Sea, Sternaspis affinis Stimpson, 1864 from the Northeastern Pacific, Sternaspis africana Augener, 1918, stat. n. from Western Africa, Sternaspis andamanensis sp. n. from the Andaman Sea, Sternaspis costata von Marenzeller, 1879 from Japan, Sternaspis fossor Stimpson, 1853 from the Northwestern Atlantic, Sternaspis islandica Malmgren, 1867 from Iceland, Sternaspis maior Chamberlin, 1919 from the Gulf of California, Sternaspis princeps Selenka, 1885 from New Zealand, Sternaspis rietschi Caullery

  19. Decline of Hesperia ottoe (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae in Northern Tallgrass Prairie Preserves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann B. Swengel

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available We counted butterflies on transect surveys during Hesperia ottoe flight period in 1988–2011 at tallgrass prairie preserves in four states (Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin, divided into units cross-referenced to vegetation type and management history. H. ottoe occurred only in dry and sand prairie types, and was significantly more abundant in undegraded than semi-degraded prairie, and in discontinuous sod (with numerous unvegetated areas due to bare sand and/or rock outcrops than in continuous sod. This skipper was significantly more abundant in small sites compared to medium and large sites, even when the analysis was limited to undegraded prairie analyzed separately by sod type. H. ottoe was significantly under-represented in year-burn 0 (the first growing season after fire compared to an expected distribution proportional to survey effort. However, H. ottoe was also over-represented in fire-managed units compared to non-fire-managed units. However, by far most units and sites were in fire management and most populations declined to subdetection during this study. Peak abundance post-fire occurred in a later year-burn in discontinuous sod and was much higher than in continuous sod. We also analyze H. ottoe status and trend in midwestern prairie preserves by compiling a dataset of our and others’ butterfly surveys from 1974 to 2011. Only 1/9 sites with continuous sod had detectable H. ottoe in recent year(s. In discontinuous sod, 2/6 did, with two sites lacking data for the last few years. The number of years H. ottoe was still detectable after preservation and the number of years to consistent non-detection were both significantly higher in discontinuous than continuous sod. Both measures of population persistence averaged over twice as long in discontinuous than continuous sod, and correlated negatively with prairie size. The year when consistent non-detection began varied over several decades among sites. Despite the currently urgent

  20. Decline of Hesperia ottoe (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) in Northern Tallgrass Prairie Preserves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swengel, Ann B; Swengel, Scott R

    2013-11-20

    We counted butterflies on transect surveys during Hesperia ottoe flight period in 1988-2011 at tallgrass prairie preserves in four states (Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin), divided into units cross-referenced to vegetation type and management history. H. ottoe occurred only in dry and sand prairie types, and was significantly more abundant in undegraded than semi-degraded prairie, and in discontinuous sod (with numerous unvegetated areas due to bare sand and/or rock outcrops) than in continuous sod. This skipper was significantly more abundant in small sites compared to medium and large sites, even when the analysis was limited to undegraded prairie analyzed separately by sod type. H. ottoe was significantly under-represented in year-burn 0 (the first growing season after fire) compared to an expected distribution proportional to survey effort. However, H. ottoe was also over-represented in fire-managed units compared to non-fire-managed units. However, by far most units and sites were in fire management and most populations declined to subdetection during this study. Peak abundance post-fire occurred in a later year-burn in discontinuous sod and was much higher than in continuous sod. We also analyze H. ottoe status and trend in midwestern prairie preserves by compiling a dataset of our and others' butterfly surveys from 1974 to 2011. Only 1/9 sites with continuous sod had detectable H. ottoe in recent year(s). In discontinuous sod, 2/6 did, with two sites lacking data for the last few years. The number of years H. ottoe was still detectable after preservation and the number of years to consistent non-detection were both significantly higher in discontinuous than continuous sod. Both measures of population persistence averaged over twice as long in discontinuous than continuous sod, and correlated negatively with prairie size. The year when consistent non-detection began varied over several decades among sites. Despite the currently urgent need to identify

  1. Results of the critical experiments concerning OTTO loading at the critical HTR-test facility KAHTER

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Drueke, V.; Litzow, W.; Paul, N.

    1982-12-01

    Critical experiments concerning OTTO loading are described. In the KAHTER facility an OTTO loading has been simulated, therefore the original KAHTER assembly was reconstructed. The determination of critical masses and reactivity worths of control rods and of additional absorber rods in the top reflector and in the upper cavity was of main interest for comparison with reactor following calculations. Besides this, reaction rates in different energy regions were measured in the upper part of the core, in the cavity and top reflector. (orig.) [de

  2. 40 CFR 86.008-10 - Emission standards for 2008 and later model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles. 86.008-10 Section 86.008-10 Protection of... Otto-cycle HDE. (d) Every manufacturer of new motor vehicle engines subject to the standards prescribed... production of heavy-duty Otto-cycle motor vehicle engines for model year 2008, except as explicitly allowed...

  3. 40 CFR 86.098-10 - Emission standards for 1998 and later model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles. 86.098-10 Section 86.098-10 Protection of..., exhaust emissions from new 1998 and later model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines shall not exceed: (i) For Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines fueled with either gasoline or liquefied petroleum gas, and intended...

  4. Preliminary thermodynamic study of regenerative Otto based cycles with zero NOx emissions operating with adiabatic and polytropic expansion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garcia, Ramon Ferreiro; Carril, Jose Carbia; Romero Gomez, Javier; Romero Gomez, Manuel

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • Efficient polytropic expansion based Otto cycle. • Thermal efficiency is due to the inherent regeneration. • Low temperature combustion with zero NOx emissions. - Abstract: The aim of the paper is to demonstrate that a regenerative Otto cycle with adiabatic or polytropic expansion can achieve improved performance over traditional Otto engines, even exceeding the Carnot factor. Thus, the work deals with a novel regenerative Otto based internal combustion engine which differs from the conventional Otto thermal cycles in that the process of heat conversion into mechanical work is performed obeying a polytropic path function instead of the conventional adiabatic expansion without regeneration. Design characteristics concern the fact that combustion at constant volume is carried out undergoing large air excess so that the top combustion temperature is significantly lower than in conventional Otto cycles and consequently NOx emissions are neglected. Furthermore, during the polytropic expansion based path function, heat is absorbed by being submitted to a controlled heat flow rate, to achieve the desired polytropic expansion. The analysis of the regenerative Otto based on polytropic expansion is presented and results are compared with a regenerative Otto based on the adiabatic expansion and CF. The results show that a relevant advantage of the proposed regenerative Otto with polytropic expansion over the regenerative Otto cycle with adiabatic expansion involves performance enhancement within a wide range of combustion pressures, temperatures and regeneration capacities. Thus, thermal efficiency and specific work as function of the top combustion pressure ranges are of 71.95–58.43% and 143.5–173.6 kJ/kg respectively, when combustion pressures vary between 105 kPa and 200 kPa and CF is 60.8% (lower than the thermal efficiency). The successful results involving a compact engine structure, technically and economically viable, promises a new generation

  5. Perspective on Models in Theoretical and Practical Traditions of Knowledge: The Example of Otto Engine Animations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haglund, Jesper; Stromdahl, Helge

    2012-01-01

    Nineteen informants (n = 19) were asked to study and comment two computer animations of the Otto combustion engine. One animation was non-interactive and realistic in the sense of depicting a physical engine. The other animation was more idealised, interactive and synchronised with a dynamic PV-graph. The informants represented practical and…

  6. Empire, Nationalism and the Jewish Question: Victor Adler and Otto Bauer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang Maderthaner

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper uses the life and thought of two important figures in the history of Austrian socialism—Victor Adler and Otto Bauer—as a prism through which to examine the complex relationship between German nationalism, the Jewish Question and pro-Habsburgism among the early leadership of the Austrian Social Democratic Party.

  7. J. Randvere Ruth ja Otto Weiningeri Geschlecht und Charakter / Mirjam Hinrikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hinrikus, Mirjam, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Naise kirjeldus J. Randvere "Ruthis" ja Otto Weiningeri "Geschlecht und Charakter'is". Andmed autori kohta lk. 202. Ilmunud ka kogumikus: J. Randvere "Ruth" 19.-20. sajandi vahetuse kultuuris / koost. Mirjam Hinrikus. Tallinn : Underi ja Tuglase Kirjanduskeskus, 2006, lk. 145-169

  8. Otto Peters on Distance Education: The Industrialization of Teaching and Learning. Routledge Studies in Distance Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keegan, Desmond, Ed.

    This book contains new and previously published translations of 11 essays and articles about the industrialization of teaching and learning in distance education that were originally published in German by Otto Peters between 1965 and 1993. A "Preface" (Desmond Keegan) and an introduction placing Peters' writings in their historical…

  9. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF THINKING BEFORE THE COGNITIVE REVOLUTION : Otto Selz on Problems, Schemas, and Creativity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Hark, Michel

    Otto Selz has been hailed as one of the most important precursors of the cognitive revolution, yet surprisingly few studies of his work exist. He is often mentioned in the context of the Wurzburg School of the psychology of thinking and sometimes in the context of Gestalt psychology. In this paper,

  10. Kaks maastikuvaadet Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgenilt: romantismi kaja biidermeierlikus sarmis = Two Landscape Views by Otto Gerhard von Kügelgen: Echo of Romanticism in Biedermeier Charm / Kadi Polli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Polli, Kadi, 1973-

    2011-01-01

    2010. aastal Frankfurdis H. W. Fichteri kunstigaleriis müüki tulnud kümnest kunstiteosest, sh. Eesti Kunstimuuseumi poolt omandatud kahest Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgeni tööst. Franz Gerhard von Kügelgeni noorema poja Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgeni elust, loomingust ja tema akvarellidest "Perekond Vinni mõisas" ja "Rändur metsas"

  11. V strane piramid : zhizn i trudõ Otto Friedricha von Richtera / Sergei Stadnikov ; tõlk. Veronika Einberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stadnikov, Sergei, 1956-

    2003-01-01

    Vastse-Kuustest pärit egüptoloogist Otto Friedrich von Richter'ist (1791-1816). Richteri ja Lindmani Egiptuse-Nuubia ekspeditsioonist, Tartu Ülikooli Muinasteaduse muuseumile annetatud kollektsioonist

  12. Micro-/nanoscaled irreversible Otto engine cycle with friction loss and boundary effects and its performance characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nie, Wenjie; Liao, Qinghong; Zhang, ChunQiang; He, Jizhou

    2010-01-01

    An irreversible cycle model of the micro-/nanoscaled Otto engine cycle with internal friction loss is established. The general expressions of the work output and efficiency of the cycle are calculated based on the finite system thermodynamic theory, in which the quantum boundary effect of gas particles as working substance and the mechanical Casimir effect of gas system are considered. It is found that, for a micro-/nanoscaled Otto cycle devices, the work output W and efficiency η of the cycle can be expressed as the functions of the temperature ratio τ of the two heat reservoirs, the volume ratio r V and the surface area ratio r A of the two isochoric processes, the dimensionless thermal wavelength λ and other parameters of cycle, while for a macroscaled Otto cycle devices, the work output W 0 and efficiency η 0 of the cycle are independent of the surface area ratio r A and the dimensionless thermal wavelength λ. Further, the influence of boundary of cycle on the performance characteristics of the micro-/nanoscaled Otto cycle are analyzed in detail by introducing the output ratio W/W 0 and efficiency ratio η/η 0 . The results present the general performance characteristics of a micro-/nanoscaled Otto cycle and may serve as the basis for the design of a realistic Otto cycle device in micro-/nanoscale.

  13. Preliminary neutronic design of high burnup OTTO cycle pebble bed reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Setiadipura, T.; Zuhair; Irwanto, D.

    2015-01-01

    The pebble bed type High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) is among the interesting nuclear reactor designs in terms of safety and flexibility for co-generation applications. In addition, the strong inherent safety characteristics of the pebble bed reactor (PBR) which is based on natural mechanisms improve the simplicity of the PBR design, in particular for the Once-Through-Then-Out (OTTO) cycle PBR design. One of the important challenges of the OTTO cycle PBR design, and nuclear reactor design in general, is improving the nuclear fuel utilization which is shown by attaining a higher burnup value. This study performed a preliminary neutronic design study of a 200 MWt OTTO cycle PBR with high burnup while fulfilling the safety criteria of the PBR design.The safety criteria of the design was represented by the per-fuel-pebble maximum power generation of 4.5 kW/pebble. The maximum burnup value was also limited by the tested maximum burnup value which maintained the integrity of the pebble fuel. Parametric surveys were performed to obtain the optimized parameters used in this study, which are the fuel enrichment, per-pebble heavy metal (HM) loading, and the average axial speed of the fuel. An optimum design with burnup value of 131.1 MWd/Kg-HM was achieved in this study which is much higher compare to the burnup of the reference design HTR-MODUL and a previously proposed OTTO-cycle PBR design. This optimum design uses 17% U-235 enrichment with 4 g HM-loading per fuel pebble. (author)

  14. Preliminary Neutronic Design of High Burnup OTTO Cycle Pebble Bed Reactor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Setiadipura

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The pebble bed type High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR is among the interesting nuclear reactor designs in terms of safety and flexibility for co-generation applications. In addition, the strong inherent safety characteristics of the pebble bed reactor (PBR which is based on natural mechanisms improve the simplicity of the PBR design, in particular for the Once-Through-Then-Out (OTTO cycle PBR design. One of the important challenges of the OTTO cycle PBR design, and nuclear reactor design in general, is improving the nuclear fuel utilization which is shown by attaining a higher burnup value. This study performed a preliminary neutronic design study of a 200 MWt OTTO cycle PBR with high burnup while fulfilling the safety criteria of the PBR design.The safety criteria of the design was represented by the per-fuel-pebble maximum power generation of 4.5 kW/pebble. The maximum burnup value was also limited by the tested maximum burnup value which maintained the integrity of the pebble fuel. Parametric surveys were performed to obtain the optimized parameters used in this study, which are the fuel enrichment, per-pebble heavy metal (HM loading, and the average axial speed of the fuel. An optimum design with burnup value of 131.1 MWd/Kg-HM was achieved in this study which is much higher compare to the burnup of the reference design HTR-MODUL and a previously proposed OTTO-cycle PBR design. This optimum design uses 17% U-235 enrichment with 4 g HM-loading per fuel pebble

  15. The 50th anniversary of the N.S. Otto Hahn. When nuclear power said 'Ahoy'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reinartz, Jerome

    2013-01-01

    In September 1963 the construction of the only German nuclear ship to date, NS Otto Hahn, started in Kiel. For the 50 th anniversary, atw remembers an important part of nuclear technology history in Germany: The research and freight ship shows one thing above all in retrospect: The technology ran reliably. But cost pressure and reservations shattered the dream of a nuclear power shipping era. Until it was decommissioned in 1979 the ship travelled a total of 650,000 sea miles and called at 33 harbours in 22 countries. On the research level, the 'Otto Hahn' could satisfy expectations, however, it could not ring in an era of nuclear shipping - the atomic boat could never cover its operating costs with its freight trips and permission to call at foreign ports were rare. However, on the one hand, the ship's journeys, sometimes under hard weather conditions, demonstrated just how robust and durable the 'progressive pressurized water reactor' on board was, on the other hand, the 'Otto Hahn' had by all means been a prototype which under other market conditions could have been a model for nuclear container ships. In any case, it proved the performance capacity of the then still young German and European nuclear technology industry, that did not need to hide behind the Russian and American competition. (orig.)

  16. Performance of an Otto cycle motor with natural gas direct injection; Desempenho de um motor ciclo Otto com injecao direta de gas natural

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barbosa, Cleiton Rubens Formiga

    1997-07-01

    A Otto cycle engine with natural gas direct injection, during the inlet stroke, was submitted to runs with full power in a Foucaut dynamometer. The results obtained show a increase in the volumetric efficiency of the engine with natural gas direct injection when compared with natural gas injection applied in the inlet manifold, upstream of the throttle butterfly. In the conversion to natural gas direct injection, the technical characteristics were not changed. A kit for natural gas direct injection, with electronic management was located on the cylinder head of the test engine. Maintaining the pressure constant in the natural gas fuel line, using a reduction valve, the mass of fuel injected into the cylinder was regulated, varying the opening time of the solenoid valve fuel injector. Engine performance data is compared, emphasizing the factors that contribute to this increase in relative volumetric efficiency. Modifications are made to maximize the power of the engine with natural gas direct injection. (author)

  17. Revista Espinhaço entrevistaDra. Bette Otto Bliesner(NCAR Boulder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kourosh Behzadian

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Dra. Bette Otto Bliesner foi entrevistada pela Revista Espinhaço durante o BIARI 2016, que ocorreu em Providence (EUA na Brown University. Para este volume especial da Revista Espihaço, a Dra. Bette, pesquisadora do National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR e especialista em modelagem climática e paleo-climatologia, traz reflexões sobre seu recente trabalho no IPCC.Esta entrevista foi conduzida por Kourosh Behzadian (University of West London, Douglas Sathler (FIH/Cegeo/UFVJM and Lorena Fleury (UFRGS.

  18. L'insegnamento dell'evoluzione nei manuali scolastici di otto paesi costieri del Mediterraneo

    OpenAIRE

    Quessada, Marie-Pierre; Clément, Pierre; Valente, Adriana; Selmaoui, Sabah

    2012-01-01

    I manuali scolastici di biologia di otto paesi mediterranei affrontano il tema dell'evoluzione in modi molto differenti. In Algeria e in Libano, l'argomento non viene trattato o non più. In Tunisia, il tema è trattato nella classe terminale (ovvero nell'ultima classe del Liceo n.d.R.), ma senza un capitolo specifico sull'evoluzione umana. In Maroccco, l'evoluzione è stata appena reintrodotta in classe terminale ma senza l'evoluzione umana. Il tema è più ampiamente coperto a Cipro e a Malta, e...

  19. 40 CFR 86.099-10 - Emission standards for 1999 and later model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles. 86.099-10 Section 86.099-10 Protection of... to Otto-cycle engines used in such MDPVs, except as specified in subpart S of this part. The term... AND IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES General Provisions for Emission Regulations for 1977 and Later...

  20. Performance Evaluation on Otto Engine Generator Using Gasoline and Biogas from Palm Oil Mill Effluent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irvan; Trisakti, B.; Husaini, T.; Sitio, A.; Sitorus, TB

    2017-06-01

    Biogas is a flammable gas produced from the fermentation of organic materials by anaerobic bacteria originating from household waste manure and organic waste including palm oil mill effluent (POME). POME is mainly discharged from the sterilization unit of palm oil processing into crude palm oil. This study utilized biogas produced from liquid waste palm oil for use as fuel in the Otto engine generator 4 - stroke, type STARKE GFH1900LX with a peak power of 1.3 kW, 1.0 kW average power, bore 55 mm, stroke 40 mm, Vd 95 × 10-6 m3, Vc 10 × 10-6 m3, compression ratio of 10.5 : 1, and the number of cylinders = 1. The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of Otto engine generator fueled with biogas that generated from POME, then comparing its performance fueled by gasoline. The performance included power, torque, specific fuel consumption, thermal efficiency, and the air-fuel ratio. Experiment was conducted by using a variation of the lamp load of 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 W. The results revealed that the use of biogas as fuel decreased in power, torque, brake thermal efficiency, and air fuel ratio (AFR), while there is an increasing of value specific fuel consumption (SFC).

  1. OTTO-PAP: An alternative option to the PBMR fuelling philosophy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mulder, E.; Teuchert, E.

    1997-01-01

    Once Through Then Out, Power Adjusted by Poison (OTTO-PAP) fuelling of a high temperature pebble-bed reactor offers a simple alternative to the MEDUL (Mehrfachdurchlauf = German for multi-pass) fuelling regime followed in pebble bed reactor designs to date. The prerequisite for a modular reactor unit of maximum power output, subject to observing passive safety characteristics is a sufficiently flat axial neutron flux profile. This is achieved by introducing B 4 C coated particles of pre-calculated size and packing density within the fuel spheres. In accordance with AVR operating practise the temperature profile is radially equalised by introducing a 2-zone core loading. Adding pure graphite spheres loosely into the centre column area of the core effectively reduced the maximum power in the middle. Increasing the reactor diameter is enabled by the introduction of noses. A 3-D geometric modeller developed in cylindrical co-ordinates enables a given flow description of the pebbles adjacent to the nose boundaries and in the vicinity of the shut down/control rods. After translation of the geometric data the neutronic behaviour of the reactor is followed in 3-D by the CITATION code. This study is aimed towards achieving an optimal core layout with a LEU (Low Enriched Uranium) fuel cycle. Physical properties of the OTTO-PAP, 150 MWt reference design is reported, while computations performed observe results obtained by the reference HTR-MODUL design. (author)

  2. Centro Multiusos en Mannheim. Frei Otto. Doblando la malla hasta hacer una concha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando G. Pino

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available En 2015 Frei Otto recibió el Premio Pritzker. Como homenaje a este importante arquitecto del siglo XX este escrito busca profundizar en el Centro Polivalente de Mannheim como uno de los principales ejemplos de la arquitectura resuelta con la técnica Grid Shell, que consiste en una manera de doblar una superficie plana hecha con una malla de madera lo suficientemente flexible como para transformarse en una superficie ondulada que podría ofrecer un espacio complejo y rico, listo para ser usado. En clara oposición a los proyectos conocidos del estadio Olímpico de Munich o el Pabellón en la Exposición Universal de Montreal, con este edificio Frei Otto explora una estructura de compresión que sigue la geometría y la organización de las estructuras de la naturaleza. Este campo de experimentación e investigación acerca de las estructuras naturales es el centro en torno al que giró su trabajo durante toda su vida en el Instituto de Estructuras Ligeras en Stuttgart. La experimentación con maquetas y con técnicas de fotogrametría para extraer datos fidedignos relativos al estudio con las superficies de pompas de jabón, así como los estudios con pesos colgados de finas cadenas para obtener las formas finales de sus proyectos, caracterizan su trabajo.

  3. Conversion of cycle Diesel engines to Otto aiming the methane utilization as alternative fuel; Conversao de motores do ciclo diesel para Otto visando a utilizacao do metano como combustivel alternativo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torres, J F; Venanzi, D [Sao Paulo Univ., Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil). Escola de Engenharia

    1988-12-31

    A diesel engine was converted in Otto engine for use methane as fuel, by modifications on compression ratio and on the induction system, and inclusion of a spark ignition system. The performance of dynamometer essays results in both cycles are compared and presented in overlapped curves. (author). 5 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs

  4. 75 FR 70237 - California State Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Standards; California Heavy-Duty On-Highway Otto...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-17

    ... for the current CARB categories of heavy-duty vehicles are within-the-scope of the previously granted...) (Diesel) and 53 FR 7022 (March 4, 1988) (Otto-cycle). \\3\\ 69 FR 59920 (October 6, 2004). CARB's current... threshold test of materiality and * * * thereafter assess such material evidence against a standard of proof...

  5. Experiences with W3Re/W25Re thermocouples in fuel pins of NS Otto Hahn's two cores

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kolb, M.

    1975-01-01

    Applications and performance of thermocouples in the Otto Hahn reactor are presented. The measurement of effective thermocouple time constants and of fuel rod heat transfer time constants utilizing the reactor noise and the resulting small temperature fluctuations which has become practical by the advent of modern noise analysis systems, is dealt with

  6. Briefe aus dem Morgenland - Otto Friedrich von Richters Forschungsreise in den Jahren 1814-1816 / Vladimir Sazonov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sazonov, Vladimir, 1979-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Briefe aus dem Morgenland - Otto Friedrich von Richters Forschungsreise in den Jahren 1814-1816, hrsg. von Indrek Jürjo, Sergei Stadnikov, Hamburger Beiträge zur Geschichte des östlichen Europa, Bd. 20. Hamburg: Verlag Dr. Kovač 2013, 313 lk.

  7. Preliminary neutronic study on Pu-based OTTO cycle pebble bed reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Setiadipura, Topan; Zuhair [National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia (BATAN), Selatan (Indonesia). Center for Nuclear Reactor Technology and Safety; Irwanto, Dwi [Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), Bandung (Indonesia). Nuclear Physics and Biophysics Research Group

    2017-12-15

    The neutron physics characteristic of Pebble Bed Reactor (PBR) allows a better incineration of plutonium (Pu). An optimized design of simple PBR might give a symbiotic solution of providing a safe energy source, effective fuel utilization shown by a higher burnup value, and incineration of Pu stockpiles. This study perform a preliminary neutronic design study of a 200 MWt Once Through Then Out (OTTO) cycle PBR with Pu-based fuel. The safety criteria of the design were represented by the per-fuel-pebble maximum power generation of 4.5 kW/pebble. In this preliminary phase, the parametric survey is limited to the heavy metal (HM) loading per pebble and the average axial speed of the fuel. An optimum high burnup of 419.7 MWd/kg-HM was achieved in this study. This optimum design uses a HM loading of 2.5 g/pebble with average axial fuel velocity 0.5 cm/day.

  8. New technology on Otto engines for reducing the exhaust emission toxicity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mikarovska, Vesna; Stojanovski, Vasko

    2003-01-01

    The exhaust emission from the Otto engines with internal combustion contains a lot of toxicant components for human being as well as for the surrounding. There are a lot of possibilities to realize the engine work with minimum emission of toxicant components. However, all solutions could not be racial, especially if the engine should work with minimum fuel consumption. The engineers look for the solutions where the reducing of the exhaust emission toxicity could be done with the total fuel utilization in the engine's cylinder, without additionally combustion in catalytic or thermal reactors. The paper describes the new technologies for detail investigation of the combustion processes and optimization of all influence parameters on exhaust gases emission. (Original)

  9. Low-threshold optical bistability with multilayer graphene-covering Otto configuration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Hengliang; Wu, Jipeng; Xiang, Yuanjiang; Wen, Shuangchun; Guo, Jun; Jiang, Leyong

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a modified Otto configuration to realize tunable and low-threshold optical bistability at terahertz frequencies by attaching multilayer graphene sheets to a nonlinear substrate interface. Our work demonstrates that the threshold of optical bistability can be markedly reduced (three orders of magnitude) by covering the nonlinear substrate with multilayer graphene sheets, due to strong local field enhancement with the excitation of surface plasmons. We present the influences of the Fermi energy of graphene, the incident angle, the thickness of air gap and the relaxation time of graphene on the hysteresis phenomenon and give a way to optimize the surface plasmon resonance, which will enable us to further lower the minimal power requirements for realizing optical bistability due to the strong interaction of light with graphene sheets. These results are promising for realization of terahertz optical switches, optical modulators and logical devices. (paper)

  10. Experiences during the exchange of fuel elements of the NS OTTO HAHN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scharge, J.; Manthey, H.J.; Schafstall, H.G.

    1977-01-01

    In the fall of 1972, the nuclear ship OTTO HAHN was taken out of service in order to exchange the fuel elements and to take care of necessary modifications. Up to this time, she travelled a total distance of 241 588 nautical miles on 79 trips. The reactor plant was in service for approximately 25 230 h. The fuel elements reached a burn-up of 570 days. The guaranteed burn-up was exceeded by 14%. At sea the reactor was available 99.7% during operation. Operational data proved the design of the reactor plant to be very conservative. The fuel elements were never damaged. This successful operation of the FDR-reactor and its first core demonstrated that a reactor of this type is suitable for shipboard use. (orig.) [de

  11. A través de la lente: Otto Moll González

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Urrea Uyabán

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available La fotografía arquitectónica de Otto Moll se encanta con las propuestas de las firmas que despuntan en el decenio de 1950 y que conformarán ese Cali de verdad moderno. Un aire estadounidense que no necesariamente se integra al entorno natural. Resaltan los proyectos sobre ese terreno que antaño fue un bosque seco. La arquitectura es el objeto; más allá del juego de luces y sombras y de la técnica. Moll como ningún otro para entonces, saca a la luz la propuesta que despunta con estos proyectos. Serán la representación del "Movimiento Moderno" y quienes encargan los trabajos al fotógrafo van también a la vanguardia.

  12. Person-Environment Mergence and Separation: Otto Rank's Psychology of Emotion, Personality, and Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Daniel

    2016-12-01

    Between 1924 and 1939 Otto Rank put forward three major elements of a comprehensive theoretical edifice that has yet to be fully articulated. These are conceptually linked by the fundamental importance of person-environment mergence and separation. Rank's theory of emotions highlights anxiety as the affect of separation, and guilt as the feeling that binds the individual to others. His personality theory distinguishes between the partialist, who responds to life fear with identification, and the totalist, who responds to death fear with projection. His cultural psychology contrasts primal collectivism with contemporary individualism, which orients the person toward individual immortality striving. Individualism has produced problematic self-consciousness and neuroticism, in the face of which Rank struggled to find a new psychology.

  13. Scientists from all over the world attend the 2005 Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn summer school at Karlsruhe; Wissenschaftler aus aller Welt bei der ''Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School 2005'' in Karlsruhe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez, V.H.; Fischer, U. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Inst. fuer Reaktorsicherheit, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2005-10-01

    The Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School annually organized alternately by the Karlsruhe Research Center and the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA), Cadarche, France, this year was held at the Karlsruhe Congress Center. In line with the mission of the School to disseminate nuclear competence an a broad basis among young scientists from all over the world, lectures covered reactor physics, nuclear fuels, and nuclear systems. Speakers from leading international research institutions presented introductions to their respective fields, outlined the current state of the art, and also highlighted areas in need of further development and, thus, likely to offer challenges to young scientists. Next year's Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School will be organized by CEA and held at Cadarache, France. (orig.)

  14. Putini sõprade käes on Riia ja peagi võibolla ka Seim / Otto Ozols ; intervjueerinud Taavi Minnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ozols, Otto

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu Läti kirjaniku ja publitsisti Otto Ozolsiga lõunanaabrite juures toimuvast ning sellest, kuidas on viimaste aastate arengud Euroopas ja Venemaal puudutanud Läti poliitikat ning ühiskonda

  15. Válka jako stav provizoria (Na příkladu Čechů ve Francii 1914-1918: František Kupka, Otto Gutfreund)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Brouček, Stanislav

    33 /75/, č. 1 (2016), s. 15-31 ISSN 1211-8117 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : emigration * Czechs in France * František Kupka * Otto Gutfreund * resistance movement abroad Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  16. Otto Mennicke (1876-) and the first description of skull base anomalies causing cerebellar tonsillar ectopia: one of the first mentions of the Chiari I malformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fries, Fabian N; Hendrix, Philipp; Brinker, Titus J; Loukas, Marios; Tubbs, R Shane

    2017-05-01

    Although Hans Chiari made significant and meaningful contributions to our understanding and classification of hindbrain herniations, others have also contributed to this knowledge. One figure who has been lost to history is Otto Mennicke. Herein, we discuss his role in our understanding of tonsillar ectopia and his life and connection to Hans Chiari. Our knowledge of what is now known as the Chiari malformations has been shaped by several clinicians including Otto Mennicke.

  17. The 50{sup th} anniversary of the N.S. Otto Hahn. When nuclear power said 'Ahoy'; Als die Kernenergie 'Ahoi' rief. NS Otto Hahn. Nuklearbetriebenes Forschungs- und Frachtschiff

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reinartz, Jerome [atw-Redaktion, Hattingen (Germany)

    2013-11-15

    In September 1963 the construction of the only German nuclear ship to date, NS Otto Hahn, started in Kiel. For the 50{sup th} anniversary, atw remembers an important part of nuclear technology history in Germany: The research and freight ship shows one thing above all in retrospect: The technology ran reliably. But cost pressure and reservations shattered the dream of a nuclear power shipping era. Until it was decommissioned in 1979 the ship travelled a total of 650,000 sea miles and called at 33 harbours in 22 countries. On the research level, the 'Otto Hahn' could satisfy expectations, however, it could not ring in an era of nuclear shipping - the atomic boat could never cover its operating costs with its freight trips and permission to call at foreign ports were rare. However, on the one hand, the ship's journeys, sometimes under hard weather conditions, demonstrated just how robust and durable the 'progressive pressurized water reactor' on board was, on the other hand, the 'Otto Hahn' had by all means been a prototype which under other market conditions could have been a model for nuclear container ships. In any case, it proved the performance capacity of the then still young German and European nuclear technology industry, that did not need to hide behind the Russian and American competition. (orig.)

  18. Homogeneous charge compression ignition compared with Otto-Atkinson in a passenger car size engine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagel, Andreas

    2000-07-01

    The use of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) was investigated in an ordinary SI (spark ignition) engine, in this case a modified Volvo 850, working on one cylinder only, the others towed. The major purpose of this study was to examine whether there were the same kind of throttle losses in this engine as in a Diesel engine (Volvo TD 100). One reason for throttling is that HCCI causes very cold exhaust gases. The Diesel engine has a larger cylinder volume (1.6 compared to 0.5 litre), working at low engine speed (1000 rpm) and only two valves with comparably small area. The smaller Volvo 850 engine has four valves and was in this examination working at up to 3500 rpm. To make the engine run by HCCI following modifications were made. The compression was set to 20:1 by changing the piston. To affect the ignition an electrical heater was installed near the air inlet. Mixing iso-octane (ON 100) and N-heptane (ON 0) set the octane number. A couple of camshafts with different cam-profiles were used to achieve the right valve opening duration depending on which kind of combustion that was studied. There could then also be a comparison between Otto and HCCI combustion both working with wide-open throttle. To obtain comparable indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) the engine was working with late (LIVC) or early inlet valve closing (EIVC) at SI combustion. Measurements were taken involving in-cylinder pressure, temperature, speed, fuel-consumption, emissions etc. Regarding emissions there were special consideration taken to hydrocarbon and NO{sub x}, which are known to be extremely high respectively low with HCCI combustion. Important questions that should be answered were: * How does higher engine speed affect the combustion ?, * How does the engine size affect emissions ?, * How much is the valve area affecting gas exchange losses ?, and * How high is the efficiency with HCCI compared with Otto (LIVC/EIVC) ?. The best results are achieved at an indicated mean

  19. Practice of the Education for the Principle of Otto Cycle by the E-Learning CG-Content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Tomoaki; Nagaoka, Keizo; Oguchi, Kosei

    A CG-animation content which supports the learning of the Otto cycle was developed. This content has a piston assembly and the diagrams of PV, VS, TP and TS. The each diagram has a pointer which moves along the line of the graph and they are synchronized with the movement of the piston. The learners can operate this content directly on the e-learning system. While watching the movements of the piston assembly, the learners can confirm the state of the engine about temperature, pressure, volume, and entropy by the synchronized pointer on the diagrams. This content was used for the class of the machining practice exercise. The learning effect of the content was examined by the score of the short test. As the result of this examination, the CG-animation content was effective in the learning of the Otto cycle.

  20. Scientists from all over the world attend the 2005 Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn summer school at Karlsruhe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sanchez, V.H.; Fischer, U.

    2005-01-01

    The Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School annually organized alternately by the Karlsruhe Research Center and the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA), Cadarche, France, this year was held at the Karlsruhe Congress Center. In line with the mission of the School to disseminate nuclear competence an a broad basis among young scientists from all over the world, lectures covered reactor physics, nuclear fuels, and nuclear systems. Speakers from leading international research institutions presented introductions to their respective fields, outlined the current state of the art, and also highlighted areas in need of further development and, thus, likely to offer challenges to young scientists. Next year's Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School will be organized by CEA and held at Cadarache, France. (orig.)

  1. The Otto-Atkinson engine. A study of fluid flow and combustion with early and late inlet valve closing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haakansson, Henrik

    1999-10-01

    This report contains results of measurements on an Otto engine. The purpose for this work has been to do measurements of the flow in the cylinder but also measurements of the cylinder pressure have been performed. The flow measurements are made with the method Laser Doppler Velocimetry, LDV. The reason why these measurements are made at all are the pump losses that implies a lower efficiency for the Otto engine at part load. In this work two alternative ways that highly reduces the pump losses are examined. These are early inlet valve closing and late inlet valve closing. To further increase the efficiency at part load an increased compression ratio has been used together with the different valve strategies. With these two ways of operation, at a part load of about 4 - 5 IMEP{sub net}, increases of about 20% of the net indicated efficiency has been obtained. Additionally this report contains a chapter about the possible use of a variable valve actuation or timing system, VVA or VVT. Many conditions for the Otto cycle can be improved by the use of a variable valve actuation and in this chapter it is dealt with the most important ones.

  2. No consensus for consensus's sake. Interview with DAtF-President Dr. Otto Majewski

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1999-01-01

    The German power industry is not prepared to make special sacrifices at the expense of its shareholders, staff and customers merely to cure the apparent internal problems of the German government coalition and help the Greens to regain lost votes. Unless the Federal Minister for the Environment rescinds his current cascade of conditions and requirements impeding the efforts on the part of operators to resume fuel transports, everything 'boils down to a court case'. That the French government, contrary to general expectations, had not given the green light this year for the construction of a first EPR plant was due primarily to internal political reasons, which had to be respected. It did not really matter whether that decision was taken in 2000 or 2001. The important thing was that the EPR was built at all, which was beyond any doubt. This is the gist of the statements by Dr. Otto Majewski, President of the German Atomic Forum and Chief Executive Officer of Bayernwerk AG, in the interview granted atw Editor-in-Chief Gerhard Kuebler and printed in this issue of 'Atomwirtschaft'. (orig.) [de

  3. Review article Assessment of personality according to Otto Kernberg’s conception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Izdebska

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The subject matter of this paper is the model of personality developed by Otto Kernberg and the research tools designed on the basis of that conception. The paper presents the spectrum of diagnostic methods differing in terms of the level of structuralizing and the form in which they are applied. The first one constructed, the Structural Interview, due to the high requirements within psychoanalytical knowledge and clinical abilities for the individuals who apply it, initiated the development of subsequent methods. They include: the Structured Interview of Personality Organization (STIPO, inventory methods, and a clinician-rated instrument referred to as the Personality Organization Diagnostic Form (PODF. Within the scope of inventory methods, two principal tools for which Polish adaptations have been developed are presented, namely: the Inventory of Personality Organization of Kernberg and collaborators, and the Borderline Personality Inventory of Leichsenring. The existence of a broad spectrum of assessment methods of the personality structure makes it possible to take advantage of the conception of Kernberg in the realms of clinical diagnosis, scientific research, and recently also forensic psychology.

  4. Angle-dependent quantum Otto heat engine based on coherent dipole-dipole coupling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Shan-He; Luo, Xiao-Qing; Chen, Jin-Can; Sun, Chang-Pu

    2016-08-01

    Electromagnetic interactions between molecules or within a molecule have been widely observed in biological systems and exhibit broad application for molecular structural studies. Quantum delocalization of molecular dipole moments has inspired researchers to explore new avenues to utilize this physical effect for energy harvesting devices. Herein, we propose a simple model of the angle-dependent quantum Otto heat engine which seeks to facilitate the conversion of heat to work. Unlike previous studies, the adiabatic processes are accomplished by varying only the directions of the magnetic field. We show that the heat engine continues to generate power when the angle relative to the vector r joining the centres of coupled dipoles departs from the magic angle θm where the static coupling vanishes. A significant improvement in the device performance has to be attributed to the presence of the quantum delocalized levels associated with the coherent dipole-dipole coupling. These results obtained may provide a promising model for the biomimetic design and fabrication of quantum energy generators.

  5. The Pyramid and the Mosaic. Otto Neurath’s encyclopedism as a critical model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Alberto Dutto

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Otto Neurath, one of the founding members of the Vienna Circle, took up a firm opposition in relation to his colleagues. Instead of searching for an ideal language, he asserted the possibility of a ‘universal empiricist slang’, including both everyday and scientific language. Particularly, Neurath conceives of a comprehensive theory of a unified science that postulates the necessity of orchestration within the discursive procedures in science, inspired by the model of encyclopedism.In the field of architecture, a similar encyclopedic endeavor was undertaken in Italy by Mario Ridolfi who, together with other leading exponents of architectural culture, conceived the Manuale dell’Architetto at the end of World War II. This construction handbook provided  support to engineers  during the intense period of post-war reconstruction. Unlike any previous attempt to document building culture, this collective work aspired to create a shared language able to cross the boundaries among the various fields of building science.Finally, encyclopedism is considered as a possible ‘foundation’ for building design as a shared practice, with a specific focus on Ridolfi’s late research on the relation between traditional construction methods and housing design, in the countryside around Umbria.

  6. Sigmund Freud and Otto Rank: debates and confrontations about anxiety and birth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pizarro Obaid, Francisco

    2012-06-01

    The publication of Otto Rank's The Trauma of Birth (1924) gave rise to an intense debate within the secret Committee and confronted Freud with one of his most beloved disciples. After analyzing the letters that the Professor exchanged with his closest collaborators and reviewing the works he published during this period, it is clear that anxiety was a crucial element among the topics in dispute. His reflections linked to the signal anxiety concept allowed Freud to refute Rank's thesis that defined birth trauma as the paradigmatic key to understanding neurosis, and, in turn, was a way of confirming the validity of the concepts of Oedipus complex, repression and castration in the conceptualization of anxiety. The reasons for the modifications of anxiety theory in the mid-1920s cannot be reduced, as Freud would affirm officially in his work of 1926, to the detection of internal contradictions in his theory or to the desire to establish a metapsychological version of the problem, for they gain their essential impulse from the debate with Rank. Copyright © 2012 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

  7. A point of view on Otto cycle approach specific for an undergraduate thermodynamics course in CMU

    Science.gov (United States)

    Memet, F.; Preda, A.

    2015-11-01

    This paper refers to the description of the way in which can be presented to future marine engineers the analyzis of the performance of an Otto cycle, in a manner which is beyond the classic approach of the course of thermodynamics in Constanta Maritime University. The conventional course of thermodynamics is dealing with the topic of performance analysis of the cycle of the internal combustion engine with isochoric combustion for the situation in which the working medium is treated as such a perfect gas. This type of approach is viable only when are considered relatively small temperature differences. But this is the situation when specific heats are seen as constant. Instead, the practical experience has shown that small temperature differences are not viable, resulting the need for variable specific heat evaluation. The presentation bellow is available for the adiabatic exponent written as a liniar function depending on temperature. In the section of this paper dedicated to methods and materials, the situation in which the specific heat is taken as constant is not neglected, additionaly being given the algorithm for variable specific heat.For the both cases it is given the way in which it is assessed the work output. The calculus is based on the cycle shown in temperature- entropy diagram, in which are also indicated the irreversible adiabatic compression and expansion. The experience achieved after understanding this theory will allow to future professionals to deal successfully with the design practice of internal combustion engines.

  8. The psychology of thinking before the cognitive revolution: Otto Selz on problems, schemas, and creativity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ter Hark, Michel

    2010-02-01

    Otto Selz has been hailed as one of the most important precursors of the cognitive revolution, yet surprisingly few studies of his work exist. He is often mentioned in the context of the Würzburg School of the psychology of thinking and sometimes in the context of Gestalt psychology. In this paper, it is argued that Selz's emphasis on the role of problems and schemas in the direction of thought processes and creativity sets him apart from the program of the Würzburg School. On the other hand, by developing a theory of thinking that is exclusively at the intentional level, Selz also differs from psychologists that take physics as a model for psychology, such as the Gestalt psychology of Wolfgang Kihler. Special emphasis is given in this paper to Selz's use of the concept of problem or task and the concept of the schema. It is further argued that the concept of the schema is the result of Selz's adaptation of the theory of relations as developed by the philosopher Meinong. The paper begins with a sketch of Selz's life that ended so tragically.

  9. Burnup performance of OTTO cycle pebble bed reactors with ROX fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ho, Hai Quan; Obara, Toru

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • A 300 MW t Small Pebble Bed Reactor with Rock-like oxide fuel is proposed. • Using ROX fuel can achieve high discharged burnup of spent fuel. • High geological stability can be expected in direct disposal of the spent ROX fuel. • The Pebble Bed Reactor with ROX fuel can be critical at steady state operation. • All the reactor designs have a negative temperature coefficient. - Abstract: A pebble bed high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (PBR) with rock-like oxide (ROX) fuel was designed to achieve high discharged burnup and improve the integrity of the spent fuel in geological disposal. The MCPBR code with a JENDL-4.0 library, which developed the analysis of the Once-Through-Then-Out (OTTO) cycle in PBR, was used to perform the criticality and burnup analysis. Burnup calculations for eight cases were carried out for both ROX fuel and a UO 2 fuel reactor with different heavy-metal loading conditions. The effective multiplication factor of all cases approximately equalled unity in the equilibrium condition. The ROX fuel reactor showed lower FIFA than the UO 2 fuel reactor at the same heavy-metal loading, about 5–15%. However, the power peaking factor and maximum power per fuel ball in the ROX fuel core were lower than that of UO 2 fuel core. This effect makes it possible to compensate for the lower-FIFA disadvantage in a ROX fuel core. All reactor designs had a negative temperature coefficient that is needed for the passive safety features of a pebble bed reactor

  10. Scientists from all over the world attend the Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn summer school at the Karlsruhe Research Center; Wissenschaftler aus aller Welt bei der Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School im Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heinzel, V.

    2003-11-01

    The Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School organized jointly by the Karlsruhe Research Center and the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique was held in Karlsruhe in 2003 for the third time. The main topics this year focused on recent developments and findings in the fields of fuels and materials for reactors. Applications of nuclear technology beyond the confines of electricity generation were covered in discussions shout methods of hydrogen production. Specialized seminars dealt with current aspects of fusion research and the activities of the Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU). (orig.)

  11. Otto Rank, the Rankian circle in Philadelphia, and the origins of Carl Rogers' person-centered psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    deCarvalho, R J

    1999-05-01

    Otto Rank's will therapy helped shape the ideas and techniques of relationship therapy developed by the Philadelphia social workers Jessie Taft, Virginia Robinson, and Frederick Allen in the 1930s. Rank's work and these ideas and techniques in turn strongly influenced the formulation of Carl Rogers' person-centered psychotherapy. This article compares and contrasts will, relationship, and person-centered approaches to psychotherapy and discusses the social factors--primarily the professional conflicts between a male-dominated psychiatry and female social workers over the independent practice of psychotherapy--that were crucial in the dissemination of Rank's psychological thought and the early popularity of Rogers.

  12. Experimental investigation and modeling of an aircraft Otto engine operating with gasoline and heavier fuels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saldivar Olague, Jose

    A Continental "O-200" aircraft Otto-cycle engine has been modified to burn diesel fuel. Algebraic models of the different processes of the cycle were developed from basic principles applied to a real engine, and utilized in an algorithm for the simulation of engine performance. The simulation provides a means to investigate the performance of the modified version of the Continental engine for a wide range of operating parameters. The main goals of this study are to increase the range of a particular aircraft by reducing the specific fuel consumption of the engine, and to show that such an engine can burn heavier fuels (such as diesel, kerosene, and jet fuel) instead of gasoline. Such heavier fuels are much less flammable during handling operations making them safer than aviation gasoline and very attractive for use in flight operations from naval vessels. The cycle uses an electric spark to ignite the heavier fuel at low to moderate compression ratios, The stratified charge combustion process is utilized in a pre-chamber where the spray injection of the fuel occurs at a moderate pressure of 1200 psi (8.3 MPa). One advantage of fuel injection into the combustion chamber instead of into the intake port, is that the air-to-fuel ratio can be widely varied---in contrast to the narrower limits of the premixed combustion case used in gasoline engines---in order to obtain very lean combustion. Another benefit is that higher compression ratios can be attained in the modified cycle with heavier fuels. The combination of injection into the chamber for lean combustion, and higher compression ratios allow to limit the peak pressure in the cylinder, and to avoid engine damage. Such high-compression ratios are characteristic of Diesel engines and lead to increase in thermal efficiency without pre-ignition problems. In this experimental investigation, operations with diesel fuel have shown that considerable improvements in the fuel efficiency are possible. The results of

  13. 40 CFR 86.005-10 - Emission standards for 2005 and later model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles. 86.005-10 Section 86.005-10 Protection of... AND IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES General Provisions for Emission Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year New Light-Duty Vehicles, Light-Duty Trucks and Heavy-Duty Engines, and for 1985 and Later...

  14. Comics Journalism and Fine Art: War, Massacre, and The Individual, in works of Pieter Bruegel, Joe Sacco and Otto Dix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Owj

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available As a pioneer of Comics Journalism, Joe Sacco’s works have been linked to conflict studies, migration, education, and so on. But despite references that Sacco makes to 16th Century master painter, Pieter Bruegel, and 20th century New Objectivity painter Otto Dix in his interviews, there have been few studies on the potential link between comics of Sacco and works of these masters of fine art. In this study I explore this connection by examining the questions of war, individuality and portrayal of massacre in paintings of Bruegel and Dix and journalistic comics of Sacco. My greater aim is to demonstrate the potential of further comparative studies between arts and comics journalism, especially between Renaissance and modern artists.

  15. Patrimonio fotográfico del Valle del Cauca: el archivo de Otto Moll González

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Cecilia Eusse González

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El Departamento Red de Bibliotecas, a través del Área Cultural de Cali, adquirió en 2009 el archivo fotográfico de Otto Moll González (Cúcuta, 1904-Cali, 1988. Este archivo, conformado por alrededor de 30.000 documentos entre negativos blanco y negro (en película y vidrio y fotografías blanco y negro en papel de diferentes formatos, constituye una de las colecciones de imágenes más valiosas que tiene el Valle del Cauca para los decenios de 1950 a 1980 y es un aporte importante a las colecciones documentales de la Red de Bibliotecas sobre el suroccidente y otras regiones del país.

  16. Geological and environmental observations in the Sunchales Creek and Tonco River , Don Otto uranium mine, Salta Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gorustovich, S.; Guidi, F.; Bárbaro, N.; Nievas, H.; Tomellini, G.

    2013-01-01

    Results of geological and environmental observations made by professionals of the Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (CNEA) down streams Don Otto uranium mine on the Sunchales creek, from Los Guanacos strait down to the Tonco river mouth, and from river mouth down to narrow pass named Salto Grande, are presented in this report. La Yesera, Las Curtiembres and Los Blanquitos Formations of the Pirgua Subgroup, and Lecho and Yacoraite Formations of the Balbuena Subgroup crops out in that area (Salta Group, Cretaceous- Middle Eocene). Water stream analyses have given uranium contents between 890 μg/L and 1,100 μg/L, and uranium in stream sediments between 4 μg/g and 14 μg/g; radimetric anomalias up to 1,500 c/s in discoloured facies of the Las Curtiembres Formation, and 2,000 c/s in dark pelitic sediments of the Yacoraite Formation. A new zone with uranium traces in Curtiembres Formation belonging to the Pirgua Subgroup has been identified in the Alemanía cretaceous basin, which is stratigraphically similar to Cajoncillo, Las Abritas and El Fraile deposits. Those traces in addition to the other ones localized in the upper third of the Yacoraite Formation would have been originated by the geochemical uranium anomalies in waters and stream sediments by uranium leaching of rocks. The geochemical uranium anomalies in water and sediments are not a consequence of the antropic activity of the uranium mining carried out in Don Otto mine (1961-1982). (authors) [es

  17. DESEMPENHO DE MOTOR-GERADOR DE CICLO OTTO OPERADO COM GASOLINA E BIOGÁS PROVENIENTE DE SUINOCULTURA / PERFORMANCE MOTOR-GENERATOR OPERATED WITH OTTO CYCLE GASOLINE AND BIOGAS FROM THE PIG.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Rossetto

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A busca por novas fontes energéticas que não poluam o meio ambiente, bem como a mitigação dos impactos ambientais gerados pelo aumento da população, abre uma nova perspectiva no campo da pesquisa do biogás provenientes do resultado de tratamento de efluentes. O processo de transformação de energia gerada pela combustão do biogás para energia em motores no ciclo Otto e posterior transformação em energia elétrica é de fácil realização sendo necessárias algumas adaptações no motor, neste trabalho foi realizada apenas a substituição do carburador por um misturador de ar/combustível tipo Venturi. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o desempenho de motor-gerador ciclo Otto alimentado com biogás proveniente de suinocultura. Como testemunha foram utilizados ensaios com gasolina, simulando diferentes condições de trabalho, com cargas de 0; 0,250 kW (10 % da carga; 0,500 kW (20 % da carga; 0,750 kW (30 % da carga; 1 kW (40 % da carga; 1,250 kW (50 % da carga; 1,500 kW (60 % da carga; 1,750 kW (70 % da carga; 2 kW (80 % da carga; 2,250 kW (90 % da carga e 2,500 kW (100 % da carga. Onde foram avaliadas as emissões de dióxido de carbono (CO2, monóxido de carbono (CO e oxido de nitrogênio (NOx, e analisado o rendimento do motor-gerador que foi baixo em torno de 76 % menor quando comparado com gasolina, sendo necessários ajustes para o melhor desempenho. 

  18. Scientists from all over the world attend the 2007 - Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School on Nuclear Reactors, ''Physics, Fuels and Systems''

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fischer, U.; Sanchez-Espinoza, V.H.

    2007-01-01

    For more than ten years, the Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School has been organized alternately by the Karlsruhe Research Center in Germany and the French Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA), Cadarache, in France. This year, the Summer School was held at the Center for Advanced Training in Technology and the Environment of the Karlsruhe Research Center on August 29 to September 7. The overarching topic of the event was the sustainability of nuclear power, including topical issues of generation-IV reactor concepts, transmutation and actinide separation, and geologic final storage. Next year's Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School will be organized by CEA at Aix-en-Provence together with the Nuclear Safety Research Program of the Karlsruhe Research Center. (orig.)

  19. Úloha a význam Otto von Bismarcka v mezinárodních vztazích

    OpenAIRE

    Bucifalová, Karolína

    2015-01-01

    In this bachelors thesis is analyzed a personality of Otto von Bismarck and his role and importance in international relations. The thesis is focused on the period from the German unification by iron and blood in 1871 to the beginning of the World War One. It includes the process of the unification of the German empire, international relations in the 19th century and the change of German foreign policy from the Realpolitik to Weltpolitik after Bismarcks abdication.

  20. [The Swiss archaeologist Otto Hauser. His skeletal findings and hypothesis on the evolution of man and his extensive activities in the development of prehistorical research and evolution].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drössler, Rudolf; Drössler, Sigrid; Freyberg, Manuela

    2006-03-01

    New investigations on Otto Hauser's skeleton findings and the excavations of this Swiss citizen in Southwest France from 1906 until 1914 placed the activities of this archaeologist again in the focus of scientific and public interest. This paper describes life and oeuvre of Otto Hauser and discusses the importance of the skeletons found by him and Hermann Klaatsch as well as the consequences of their discovery. The efforts of Otto Hauser to publish his discoveries, to present and spread his view concerning the evolution of man were remarkably manifold as well as the parallels between ancient man and contemporary ethnic groups living on a low technological level drawn by him and to wake and to promote the interest in prehistory. Many books, brochures, articles and public lectures contributed to this intention as well as co-operation with local historians and scientists of other disciplines, and also many films, teaching and illustrative materials. The scientific collection of the authors of this article comprises more than 6,500 written documents and photos.

  1. Experiencing memory museums in Berlin. The Otto Weidt Workshop for the Blind Museum and the Jewish Museum Berlin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Souto

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available This article explores memory studies from the audience’s perspective, focusing on the perception of Holocaust narratives in two museums in Berlin. This research builds on and contributes to a number of emerging issues on memory studies, tourism perception and museum design: the debate on experiential authenticity, Dark Tourism, as well as the analysis of memory studies from the perspective of the user. The main data facilitating the analysis is based on responses shared on TripAdvisor; the case studies being the Otto Weidt Workshop for the Blind Museum and the Jewish Museum Berlin. The analysis of these museums, focusing on their narratives, design features and comments from visitors, will highlight a potential shift from the traditional object-focused museum, to a phenomenological subject-focused one. It will be argued, then, that the understanding and consumption of authenticity encompasses a very flexible definition, not only based on the nature of the objects exhibited, but on the production of authentic experiences.

  2. Analyses of thermodynamic performance for the endoreversible Otto cycle with the concepts of entropy generation and entransy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU; YanQiu

    2017-01-01

    In this paper,power the the and endoreversible the Otto cycle is analyzed with the entropy generation minimization objectives,and the the entransy theory.of The output power,the heat-work conversion efficiency are taken as the optimization rate,and relationships the output heat-work conversion efficiency,entransy the entropy generation and the entropy generation rate numbers,the work entransy are loss rate,The entransy loss of coefficient,the dissipation rate the entransy variation associated with discussed.applicability entropy the entropy generation minimization and the entransy theory while to the analyses is also analyzed.It is found do that smaller generation rate does not always lead to larger output our power,smaller entropy entransy generation loss numbers and not always lead to larger heat-work conversion efficiency,either.larger the In calculations,power,both larger larger rate larger entransy variation heat-work rate associated with work correspond also to that output while entransy is loss coefficient suitable results the in larger conversion developed efficiency.It is found concept of entransy dissipation not always for analyses because it was for heat transfer.

  3. Re-evaluation of the criticality experiments of the ''Otto Hahn Nuclear Ship'' reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lengar, I.; Snoj, L.; Rogan, P.; Ravnik, M. [Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    2008-11-15

    Several series of experiments with a FDR reactor (advanced pressurized light water reactor) were performed in 1972 in the Geesthacht critical facility ANEX. The experiments were performed to test the core prior to its usage for the propulsion of the first German nuclear merchant ship ''Otto-Hahn''. In the present paper a calculational re-evaluation of the experiments is described with the use of the up-to date computer codes (Monte-Carlo code MCNP5) and nuclear data (ENDF/B-VI release 6). It is focused on the determination of uncertainties in the benchmark model of the experimental set-up, originating mainly from the limited set of information still available about the experiments. Effects of the identified uncertainties on the multiplication factor were studied. The sensitivity studies include parametric variation of material composition and geometry. The combined total uncertainty being found 0.0050 in k{sub eff}, the experiments are qualified as criticality safety benchmark experiments. (orig.)

  4. The interaction between Otto fuel II and aqueous hydroxylammonium perchlorate (HAP). Pt. 3: depletion of components within the reacting liquids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bellerby, John M.; Blackman, Christopher S. [Department of Environmental and Ordnance Systems, Cranfield University, Defence College of Management and Technology, Shrivenham, Swindon SN6 8LA (United Kingdom)

    2007-06-15

    Gas chromatography (GC) with a Flame Ionisation Detector (FID) has been used to determine changes in the concentrations of the components of Otto Fuel II (OF) in contact with an 82% aqueous solution of hydroxylammonium perchlorate (HAP) in sealed vials at 31.7 C during the period leading up to auto-ignition of the two liquids. The concentration of hydroxylamine in HAP was monitored over the same period using a titration method. It was found that 2-nitrodiphenylamine (2NDPA), the stabiliser in the OF, is completely consumed after about 65-70 h and that the concentration of hydroxylamine begins to fall at this point. 1,2-Propanediol dinitrate (propylene glycol dinitrate, PGDN), the energetic component in the OF, is not depleted significantly until after about 90 h. The evolution of nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) between 65 and 90 h is attributed to the reaction of the hydroxylammonium ion with nitrous acids produced by PGDN decomposition at the liquid-liquid interface. Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) is evolved after 90 h and is attributed to PGDN decomposition. HAP and PGDN are each thought to contribute to N{sub 2}O evolution after 90 h. (Abstract Copyright [2007], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  5. On the Hierarchy of Saints on Altars. Visitation Records of Otto Friedrich Buchheim, the Bishop of Ljubljana (1641–1664

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavrič, Ana

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The visitation records of Otto Friedrich Buchheim, the Bishop of Ljubljana from 1641–1664, offer an insight into the rules governing the disposition of saintly figures in altar retables. The central place was accorded to the titular saint, while companion saints are positioned in pairs (separately for each level of the retable in such a way that those of higher rank are placed on the more distinguished gospel side, whereas those of lower rank stand on the subordinate epistle side. The priority of one saint over another was not a matter of a random choice, but of a fixed hierarchical order which was created over the course of centuries in the Litany of All Saints and also in the hymns of the officium for All Saints Day; this hierarchy, as Buchheim remarks, is "in agreement with the general feeling of the Catholic Church". Ecclesiastical art in Slovenia shows that in the Gothic period the hierarchical principle governing the disposition of saintly figures was not yet firmly fixed, but it was fully established in the late Renaissance and Baroque periods, which coincides with the period of unification of the Litany of All Saints for the entire Catholic Church. Later it started to loosen again, yet it remained in force up to the 20th century.

  6. Structure and influence factors of fuel cycle costs of pebble bed HTRs with OTTO-fuel management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jacke, S.

    1975-06-15

    The study in this paper can be divided into two parts. The first part deals with the analysis of the structure of the fuel cycle costs of today in 1974. A comparison is made between two pebble bed HTRs with OTTO-refueling-management (once-through) and a LWR of the type Biblis A. The two HTRs use different fuels: The one low-enriched Uranium (LOTTO), the other high-enriched Uranium and Thorium (TOTTO). The analysis of the structure of the fuel cycle costs consists of a discussion of the most important input parameters, and a comparison of each cost item. This study was made without adjustment of the core design to the changing market conditions. It is quite natural that an adaptation of the moderation ratio, of the conversion ratio, of the enrichment level, and of the burn-up may lower the fuel cycle costs. But the differences cannot be very important, and the results of this examination may remain valid, even on best adjustment conditions.

  7. Vene teoloogia eripärast XX sajandil / Tauno Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tauno

    2009-01-01

    Vene teoloogia keskustest Välis-Venes: Püha Sergiuse Instituut Pariisis ja Püha Vladimiri Instituut Ameerika Ühendriikides. Liberaalsest ja konservatiivsest koolkonnast välisvene teoloogias. Eestist pärit usuteadlastest Aleksander Schmemannist ja Joann Meyendorffist

  8. On teil mõnda seksiga raamatut kah? / Tauno Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tauno

    2001-01-01

    Arvustus: Bukowski, Charles. Naised / inglise k. tlk. Peeter Sauter. Tallinn : Hotger, 2001 ; Bukowski, Charles. Postkontor / inglise k. tlk. Kaur Kender. Tallinn : Hotger, 2001 ; Jerofejev, Venedikt. Moskva-Petushki / vene k. tlk. Ott Arder. 2. tr. Tallinn Tänapäev, 2001 ; Jerofejev, Venedikt. Psühhopaadi märkmed / vene k. tlk. Igor Kurve. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2001

  9. Kuidas ennast maha müüa / Tauno Novek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Novek, Tauno

    2005-01-01

    Autori hinnangul on Eestis asuva ettevõtja võimalused oma teenust ilma isiklike kontaktide või vahendajateta USA-sse pakkuda suhteliselt piiratud. Töökohtade eksportimine e. outsourcing. Google Adwords kui reklaamivahend

  10. Scientists from all over the world attend the 2007 - Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School on Nuclear Reactors, 'Physics, Fuels and Systems'; Wissenschaftler aus aller Welt bei der 2007 Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School on Nuclear Reactors 'Physics, Fuels and Systems'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, U.; Sanchez-Espinoza, V.H. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. fuer Reaktorsicherheit

    2007-12-15

    For more than ten years, the Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School has been organized alternately by the Karlsruhe Research Center in Germany and the French Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA), Cadarache, in France. This year, the Summer School was held at the Center for Advanced Training in Technology and the Environment of the Karlsruhe Research Center on August 29 to September 7. The overarching topic of the event was the sustainability of nuclear power, including topical issues of generation-IV reactor concepts, transmutation and actinide separation, and geologic final storage. Next year's Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School will be organized by CEA at Aix-en-Provence together with the Nuclear Safety Research Program of the Karlsruhe Research Center. (orig.)

  11. Effects of heat loss as percentage of fuel's energy, friction and variable specific heats of working fluid on performance of air standard Otto cycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lin, J.-C.; Hou, S.-S.

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this study is to analyze the effects of heat loss characterized by a percentage of the fuel's energy, friction and variable specific heats of working fluid on the performance of an air standard Otto cycle with a restriction of maximum cycle temperature. A more realistic and precise relationship between the fuel's chemical energy and the heat leakage that is based on a pair of inequalities is derived through the resulting temperature. The variations in power output and thermal efficiency with compression ratio, and the relations between the power output and the thermal efficiency of the cycle are presented. The results show that the power output as well as the efficiency where maximum power output occurs will increase with increase of the maximum cycle temperature. The temperature dependent specific heats of the working fluid have a significant influence on the performance. The power output and the working range of the cycle increase with the increase of specific heats of the working fluid, while the efficiency decreases with the increase of specific heats of the working fluid. The friction loss has a negative effect on the performance. Therefore, the power output and efficiency of the cycle decrease with increasing friction loss. It is noteworthy that the effects of heat loss characterized by a percentage of the fuel's energy, friction and variable specific heats of the working fluid on the performance of an Otto cycle engine are significant and should be considered in practical cycle analysis. The results obtained in the present study are of importance to provide good guidance for performance evaluation and improvement of practical Otto engines

  12. "Decision sidestepping: How the motivation for closure prompts individuals to bypass decision making": Correction to Otto et al. (2016).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    Reports an error in "Decision sidestepping: How the motivation for closure prompts individuals to bypass decision making" by Ashley S. Otto, Joshua J. Clarkson and Frank R. Kardes ( Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 2016[Jul], Vol 111[1], 1-16). In the article, the main heading for Experiment 3 was missing due to a production error, and the first sentence of the first paragraph of Experiment 3 should begin as follows: Experiment 2 offered support for the hypothesis that those seeking closure engage in decision sidestepping to reduce the bothersome nature of decision making. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-30159-001.) We all too often have to make decisions—from the mundane (e.g., what to eat for breakfast) to the complex (e.g., what to buy a loved one)—and yet there exists a multitude of strategies that allows us to make a decision. This work focuses on a subset of decision strategies that allows individuals to make decisions by bypassing the decision-making process—a phenomenon we term decision sidestepping. Critical to the present manuscript, however, we contend that decision sidestepping stems from the motivation to achieve closure. We link this proposition back to the fundamental nature of closure and how those seeking closure are highly bothered by decision making. As such, we argue that the motivation to achieve closure prompts a reliance on sidestepping strategies (e.g., default bias, choice delegation, status quo bias, inaction inertia, option fixation) to reduce the bothersome nature of decision making. In support of this framework, five experiments demonstrate that (a) those seeking closure are more likely to engage in decision sidestepping, (b) the effect of closure on sidestepping stems from the bothersome nature of decision making, and (c) the reliance on sidestepping results in downstream consequences for subsequent choice. Taken together, these findings offer unique insight into the cognitive

  13. Carl Ottos forbryderhoveder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Anja Skaar

    2004-01-01

    Frenologiens fremkomst i Danmark i første halvdel af 1800-tallet er en spændende og ikke mindst underholdende historie, fordi den involverer mange fremtrædende personer i datidens medicinske og videnskabelige kredse samt i det københavnske samfund mere generelt. Diskussionerne omkring denne ”vide...

  14. Josef Ježek a Otto Bláha – cesta dvou četnických generálů před Národní soud

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Klečacký, Martin

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 22, č. 2 (2014), s. 155-187 ISSN 1210-6860 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP410/12/0468 Institutional support: RVO:67985921 Keywords : gendarmerie * National court * Josef Ježek * Otto Bláha Subject RIV: AB - History

  15. Scientists from all over the world attended the 'Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School 2011' at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sanchez, Victor H.; Fischer, Ulrich

    2011-01-01

    The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the Commissariat r leEnergie Atomique et Aux Energies Alternatives (CEA), Cadarache, alternate in organizing the annual 'Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School.' This year's event, the 17th since its inception, was held in Karlsruhe, Germany on August 25 to September 3. Its topic was 'High-fidelity Modeling for Nuclear Reactors: Challenges and Prospects.' Here is a list of the subjects covered: - Status and perspectives of modeling and its role in design, operation, and safety. - Thermal hydraulics of nuclear reactors and simulation of 2 phase flows. - Structural mechanics, structure? fluid interaction, and seismic safety. - Advanced simulation in neutronics and reactor physics. - Progress in simulating fuel and materials behavior. - Multiphysics and uncertainty analysis methods. Experts from eight leading international research institutions and universities presented, and discussed with the 59 participants from 19 countries, the current state of the art and most recent development trends in the subjects listed above. (orig.)

  16. Scientists from all over the world attend the ''Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School 2009'' at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sanchez Espinoza, Victor Hugo; Fischer, Ulrich

    2009-01-01

    The ''Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School'' is organized each year alternately by the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA), Cadarache. This year's Summer School, the 15th since its foundation, was run at the Advanced Training Center (FTU) of KIT Campus Nord on August 26 to September 4. The key topic this year was ''The Challenges in Implementing Fast Reactor Technology.'' These are the items discussed: Principles and challenges of future fast reactor designs, Fuels, fuel cycle, and recycling of minor actinides, Innovative cladding tube and structural materials, Special aspects of coolants and the challenges they pose, Fast reactor safety. Experts from 8 leading international research establishments and universities presented and discussed with the 58 participants from 16 countries the current state of the art and the latest development trends in the topics listed above. (orig.)

  17. Scientists from all over the world attend the ''Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School 2009'' at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT); Wissenschaftler aus aller Welt bei der ''Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School 2009'' am Karlsruhe Institute of Technologie (KIT)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez Espinoza, Victor Hugo; Fischer, Ulrich [Karlsruhe Inst. of Tech. (KIT), Campus Nord/Inst. for Neutron Physics and Reactor Tech. (INR), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2009-11-15

    The ''Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School'' is organized each year alternately by the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA), Cadarache. This year's Summer School, the 15th since its foundation, was run at the Advanced Training Center (FTU) of KIT Campus Nord on August 26 to September 4. The key topic this year was ''The Challenges in Implementing Fast Reactor Technology.'' These are the items discussed: Principles and challenges of future fast reactor designs, Fuels, fuel cycle, and recycling of minor actinides, Innovative cladding tube and structural materials, Special aspects of coolants and the challenges they pose, Fast reactor safety. Experts from 8 leading international research establishments and universities presented and discussed with the 58 participants from 16 countries the current state of the art and the latest development trends in the topics listed above. (orig.)

  18. 10 year Chernobyl Aid programmes of the Otto Hug Strahleninstitut-MHM: treatment and research projects on thyroid pathologies in republic of Belarus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lengfelder, E.; Frenzel, Ch.; Lengfelder, E.; Frenzel, Ch.; Demidchik, E.P.; Demidchik, J.E.; Sidorov, J.D.; Birukova, L.W.; Gamolina, L.I.; Prigoschaja, T.I.; Rabes, H.M.

    2003-01-01

    The unexpected serious increase in the incidence of thyroid cancer following the reactor accident in Chernobyl has led to considerable efforts from abroad to support Belarus in order to mitigate these heath problems. Otto Hug Radiation Institute started several long-term treatment and research projects on thyroid cancer and other diseases of this organ in 1991. Since 1993, the project 'Thyroid Centre Gomel has had more than 70,000 patients from this province for diagnosis and treatment of thyroid diseases including cancer. Starting in 1995 the project of the 'Histopathological Laboratory', is situated in the Oncological Dispensary in Minsk, where all children and juvenile and many adult thyroid cancers of Belarus are operated. More than 6,500 thyroid tumors were diagnosed with over 30,000 pathological slides preparing according to the internationally accepted standards. Additionally, this clinic has been supplied since 1997, so they can test for thyroid blood parameters. In 1997 the project of 'Radioiodine Therapy' started in Gomel, providing treatment for more than 450 patients since that time

  19. Protistology Conferences: The Beginnings. The First International Protozoology Conference (Prague 1961) and the Tribute to Otto Jírovec, its Spiritual Father.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vávra, Jiří

    2018-01-27

    Two events have helped to shape protozoology/protistology as a specific scientific discipline. The first such event was the creation of the Society of Protozoologists in the U.S. in 1947 (and of its Journal of Protozoology, first published in 1954), the second event was the First International Conference on Protozoology, held in 1961 in Prague. The history of the Society of Protozoologists was comprehensively treated by Corliss (1998); the history of the Prague Conference is presented here as reminiscences and personal interpretation of events of the author, who was one of the conference organizers and a member of the organization committee. Special attention is given to the personality and scientific accomplishments of Otto Jírovec, the 1961 conference spiritual father and president. It is concluded that the Prague Conference, while establishing the tradition of protistology meetings, helped protistology to attain its present status as a fundamental science discipline, which discovers and interprets the web of life at one of its, basic, "microbial" levels. Protists literally permeate the earth biosphere and in a way represent the "dark matter" of the living world, still awaiting many discoveries. © 2018 The Author(s) Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology © 2018 International Society of Protistologists.

  20. Engineering solutions for a reflector change concept in the high-temperature reactor with pebble bed core and OTTO-fueling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kasper, K.J.

    1975-06-01

    In the field of reactor engineering an increasing tendency is visible towards a 'repairable reactor'. In the construction of the HTR with spherical fuel elements this fact should already be taken into account at an early stage. Additionally it is possible that in connection with the OTTO-fueling load conditions for the graphite reflector could result which are locally not far away from limiting values. Therefore the removability of the reflector is included in the reactor construction as an accompanying technical step of the physical lay-out of the core. The core arrangements, realized for HTR until recently, are discussed as well as the properties of the graphites used and the operating conditions in the reactors are stated. At the example of the PR 3,000 proposals are offered for the construction of a removable side and top reflector for a pebble bed reactor. Hereby a solution was found which, on one hand allows the changing of the reflector and on the other hand requires no significant increase of the costs for the reactor assembly. Moreover the requirements of reactor operation and of repairability are satisfied in an optimal manner. (orig.) [de

  1. A Crítica de Otto Klineberg aos testes de inteligência. O Brasil como laboratório racial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Chor Maio

    Full Text Available Resumo Otto Klineberg, professor de psicologia social na Universidade de Columbia, assegurou que os testes de inteligência eram uma ferramenta para legitimar hierarquias raciais. Ele conduziu numerosos estudos sobre as relações entre negros, brancos, índios e grupos de imigrantes nos Estados Unidos e na Europa na qual ressaltou que os aspectos ambientais superavam os fatores raciais. Klineberg concebia o Brasil como um ambiente privilegiado para demonstrar que os testes de inteligência não tinham qualquer base científica. O presente artigo tem um foco triplo: três estudos realizados por Klineberg entre 1927 e 1935; suas experiências no Brasil de 1945 a 1947 como professor da Universidade de São Paulo, quando ele tentou investigar a relação entre testes de inteligência e condições socioeconômicas em escolas do Rio de Janeiro; e sua atuação inicial na Unesco, após a 2a Guerra Mundial, quando muitos ainda estavam convencidos que os testes de inteligência eram uma forma adequada para medir as chamadas habilidades inatas.

  2. Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) production and gasification in a pilot plant integrated with an Otto cycle ICE through Aspen plus™ modelling: Thermodynamic and economic viability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Násner, Albany Milena Lozano; Lora, Electo Eduardo Silva; Palacio, José Carlos Escobar; Rocha, Mateus Henrique; Restrepo, Julian Camilo; Venturini, Osvaldo José; Ratner, Albert

    2017-11-01

    This work deals with the development of a Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) gasification pilot plant using air as a gasification agent. A downdraft fixed bed reactor is integrated with an Otto cycle Internal Combustion Engine (ICE). Modelling was carried out using the Aspen Plus™ software to predict the ideal operational conditions for maximum efficiency. Thermodynamics package used in the simulation comprised the Non-Random Two-Liquid (NRTL) model and the Hayden-O'Connell (HOC) equation of state. As expected, the results indicated that the Equivalence Ratio (ER) has a direct influence over the gasification temperature and the composition of the Raw Produced Gas (RPG), and effects of ER over the Lower Heating Value (LHV) and Cold Gasification Efficiency (CGE) of the RPG are also discussed. A maximum CGE efficiency of 57-60% was reached for ER values between 0.25 and 0.3, also an average reactor temperature values in the range of 680-700°C, with a peak LHV of 5.8MJ/Nm 3 . RPG was burned in an ICE, reaching an electrical power of 50kW el . The economic assessment of the pilot plant implementation was also performed, showing the project is feasible, with power above 120kW el with an initial investment of approximately US$ 300,000. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Effects of different potting growing media for Petunia grandiflora and Nicotiana alata Link & Otto on photosynthetic capacity, leaf area, and flowering potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe Cristian Popescu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Petunia grandiflora Juss. and Nicotiana alata Link & Otto are two of the most widely spread plants on the market for annual potted ornamental plants. In order to identify the most adequate substrate formula we analyzed the effects of different potting growing media used for P. hybrida grandiflora 'Bravo' and N. alata 'Dinamo' on their photosynthetic capacity, leaf area, and flowering potential. Optimization of growing media formula for petunia and ornamental tobacco was performed by preparing four growing media mixing fallow soil (FS, Biolan peat (BP, acid peat (AP, leaf compost (C, and perlite (P in different proportions. The physiological potential of petunia and ornamental tobacco was investigated by photosynthesis and respiration rate and chlorophyll pigments in leaves, while the vegetative and flowering phenological stages were evaluated by number of leaves per plant, leaf area, number of flowers per plant and leaf area/flowers ratio. These measurements were significantly influenced by the different potting growing media used in this study. In the flowering stage, the highest photosynthesis rates (8.612 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1 as well as leaf area (1.766 dm² of petunias were obtained on growing media with 60% biolan peat, 30% acid peat and 10% perlite (BP60-AP30-P10. Flowering responses to growing conditions vary greatly among plants and the biggest number of ornamental tobacco flowers (22 flowers plant-1 was registered as an effect of BP60-AP30-P10 media. Growing media with the BP60-AP30-P10 formula seem to be the most adequate growth substrate to develop profitable crops for petunias and ornamental tobacco with high decorative value.

  4. Estudio e implementación de un sistema Dual para optimizar la combustión de un motor Otto mediante el uso de gas de Brown (HHO)

    OpenAIRE

    Cujilema Cujilema, José Sebastián; Ramírez Gonzaga, Carlos Manuel

    2011-01-01

    La implementación de un sistema Dual para optimizar la combustión de un motor Otto surge debido a que existen millones de vehículos a gasolina circulando por el mundo y cada uno de ellos es una fuente de contaminación y consumo. En ciudades grandes la contaminación de estos vehículos presentan altos índices de gases nocivos para la salud y el medio ambiente. Los altos índices de emisiones contaminantes están determinados por algunos factores como la mala calidad del combustible, la falta d...

  5. Scientists and professionals from all around the world in Karlsruhe. Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn summer school 2013 on nuclear reactors 'Physics, Fuels and Systems'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez-Espinoza, V.H.; Fischer, U. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany). Scientific Secretariat FJOHSS

    2014-02-15

    Every 2 years the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) organizes the Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn (FJOH) Summer School together with the Commissariat a l'-Energie Atomique (CEA) since 1999. In 2013, the FJOH Summer School took place in Karlsruhe from 21 to 30 August. The topic of this year's school was 'Advanced Nuclear Systems with Transuranium Fuels'. Experts from internationally well recognized research institutions and Universities from USA, Japan, Asia and Europe gave lectures about the current status and trends on the related fields. (orig.)

  6. Scientists from all over the world attended the 'Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School 2011' at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT); Wissenschaftler aus aller Welt bei der 'Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School 2011' am Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez, Victor H.; Fischer, Ulrich [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (DE). Inst. for Neutron Physics and Reactor Technology (INR)

    2011-12-15

    The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the Commissariat r leEnergie Atomique et Aux Energies Alternatives (CEA), Cadarache, alternate in organizing the annual 'Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School.' This year's event, the 17th since its inception, was held in Karlsruhe, Germany on August 25 to September 3. Its topic was 'High-fidelity Modeling for Nuclear Reactors: Challenges and Prospects.' Here is a list of the subjects covered: - Status and perspectives of modeling and its role in design, operation, and safety. - Thermal hydraulics of nuclear reactors and simulation of 2 phase flows. - Structural mechanics, structure? fluid interaction, and seismic safety. - Advanced simulation in neutronics and reactor physics. - Progress in simulating fuel and materials behavior. - Multiphysics and uncertainty analysis methods. Experts from eight leading international research institutions and universities presented, and discussed with the 59 participants from 19 countries, the current state of the art and most recent development trends in the subjects listed above. (orig.)

  7. "Os quatro cavaleiros de um íntimo apocalipse" e suas biografias vicárias: Fernando Sabino, Otto Lara Resende, Hélio Pellegrino e Paulo Mendes Campos na escrita de perfis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Kvacek Betella

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Fernando Sabino, Otto Lara Resende, Hélio Pellegrino e Paulo Mendes Campos traçaram retratos de pessoas com as quais conviveram ao longo de suas vidas por meio de perfis concisos, seja na forma de elegias seja mesmo de necrológios. Embora esses textos sejam imprescindíveis para fundamentar o estilo de cada um dos escritores mineiros, eles também carregam a síntese de cada experiência pessoal, que é fundamental para a análise da crônica, gênero que o quarteto praticou e no qual podem ser enquadrados os perfis examinados neste ensaio.Fernando Sabino, Otto Lara Resende, Hélio Pellegrino and Paulo Mendes Campos wrote portraits of people with whom they were intimate along their lives by means of short profiles, either in the form of elegies or even of necrologies. Although these texts are necessary in order to set up the style of each one of these writers from Minas Gerais, they also carry the synthesis of each personal experience, which is fundamental for the analysis of the chronicle, a literary genre that the quartet of writers practiced and within which the profiles examined in this essay can be classified.

  8. Etsi Otto -Android-sovellus

    OpenAIRE

    Vehmas, Marko

    2017-01-01

    Työssä kuvataan sovelluskehitysprosessi, jonka tavoitteena oli luoda sovellus Android-käyttöjärjestelmälle Java-ohjelmointikielellä käyttäen Android Studio -kehitysympäristöä. Työssä käytetään hyväksi mm. tietojen lukemista internetistä, JSON-tiedostomuotoa, Google Maps -karttaelementtiä ja sen sisältämiä lisäominaisuuksia, sekä Googlen Firebasen tarjoamia mainosominaisuuksia.

  9. Sangaste loss / Otto Pius Hippius

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hippius, Otto Pius, 1826-1883

    1996-01-01

    esmakordselt mainitud 13. saj. Sangaste mõisa omanik Berg, Friedrich Wilhelm (1794-1874). Lossi interjöörid, fotod 1920-ndatest aastatest, lossi välisvaade, foto 1920-ndatest aastatest, lk. 335. Loss, vaade esifassaadile, värv., lk. 336-337, Vaade lossile üle tiigi metsapargist, värv., lk. 338. Ballisaal, salong, värv.

  10. Sistema de otto-codificação modificado para endereçamento de redes hidrográficas An improved stream network addressing system: the modified pfafstetter coding scheme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natanael dos Santos Silva

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Há, no âmbito do gerenciamento de recursos hídricos, uma carência por sistemas de aplicação global que referenciem, indiquem e identifiquem, de forma única e eficiente, a organização espacial das bacias hidrográficas e respectivas redes de drenagem. Neste trabalho, propôs-se uma modificação no sistema de endereçamento originalmente concebido por Otto Pfafstetter. A nova metodologia utiliza tão-somente as redes de drenagem no formato vetorial e considera, em vez da área das bacias, o comprimento dos seus cursos d'água para codificá-los. Essa estratégia elimina o elevado ônus associado à obtenção de dados de altimetria e à derivação dos respectivos modelos digitais de elevação, imprescindíveis à correta determinação das áreas de contribuição das bacias hidrográficas. Adicionalmente, elimina-se o esforço computacional das operações baseadas em localização espacial, uma vez que agora é possível realizá-las exclusivamente por atributos. Com base nessa metodologia, desenvolveu-se o aplicativo Otto-Sys, utilizando a linguagem de programação AML, nativa do sistema de informações geográficas Arc/INFO workstation. Para exemplificar os resultados da otto-codificação por comprimento dos cursos d'água, apresentou-se um estudo de caso utilizando a rede de drenagem do rio Caeté, afluente do rio Iaco, pertencente à bacia do rio Purus, no Estado do Amazonas. O detalhamento dessa hidrografia vetorial implicou cinco níveis de codificação. Tendo-se codificado toda a rede hidrográfica, qualquer sistema de informações geográficas, mesmo aqueles que não dispõem de recursos específicos para análises e navegação em redes, poderá oferecer serviços de navegação topológica, organização, estruturação, endereçamento e gerenciamento dessas bases de dados. Desse modo, o acesso em tempo real a tais procedimentos poderá ser perfeitamente estendido a qualquer dispositivo capaz de acessar os sistemas web

  11. Tallinna Puuetega Inimeste Koja 10. aastapäeva konverents / Tauno Asuja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Asuja, Tauno

    2007-01-01

    16. mail toimus Tallinna Puuetega Inimeste Koja kümnendale tegevusaastale pühendatud konverents, mille keskseteks teemadeks olid võrdsete võimaluste tagamine puudega inimestele ning nende kaasamine otsustusprotsessidesse, kodanikuühenduste roll võrdsete võimaluste saavutamisel ning individualism ja kollektivism ühiskonnas. Ülevaade ettekannetest

  12. Juuru Mihkli Kiriku Oreli Fond võttis endale uue ülesande / Tauno Kibur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kibur, Tauno

    2009-01-01

    Oreli fond on võtnud ülesandeks restaureerida koguduse ajalooline pastoraat. Hoone eskiisi tegi Raivi Juks. Oreli restaureerimist ja tulemust jääb fikseerima Juuru oreli plaat, mille muusikapalad mängis sisse Kristel Aer

  13. "Vargamäe kuningriik". "Oscar ja Roosamamma. Kirjad Jumalale" / Tauno Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tauno

    2007-01-01

    Autor soovitab vaadata Endla ja Rakvere Teatri suvelavastust "Vargamäe kuningriik" A. H. Tammsaare "Tõe ja õiguse" I ja V osa ainetel, lavastajaks Jaanus Rohumaa ning E.-E. Schmitti loo järgi sündinud näidendit "Oscar ja Roosamamma. Kirjad Jumalale". Lavastaja ja peaosas Üllar Saaremäe, Rakvere Teater

  14. Numerical investigations of the fuel cycle for a 10 GW(TH)-OTTO-pebble-bed reactor with regard to high conversion ratio under special consideration of U-236 disconnexion through isotope-separation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Werner, H.

    1976-12-01

    A conversion ratio of near 1.0 can be achieved in a pebble-bed reactor using the OTTO (once through then out) loading scheme, having an economic burn-up of the fuel, an economic power density and a moderation ratio, which is considered realistically for the future. The flexibility of the reactor concept and of the fuel element design allows to recycle the fuel during full-power operation. In the present report first the criteria are shown, which are necessary to reach a high conversion ratio. Further it is presented that the conversion ratio increases considerably by closing the fuel cycle in consequence of the building-up of U-233. In this way the fuel inventory and the fuel consumption can considerably be diminished. It is demonstrated that the building-up and the accumulation of U-236 effects an important deterioration of the neutron economy. By taking the reprocessed uranium through an isotope separation (for example: ultra-gas-centrifugation) and by separation of U-236 from the other uranium isotopes it is possible to reduce the fuel consumption considerably. The expenditure and the cost which are necessary for the isotope separation are presented. (orig.) [de

  15. Interne bemarking by geselekteerde versekeringsondernemings / Mariheca Otto

    OpenAIRE

    Otto, Mariheca

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate internal marketing at selected insurance enterprises. This study examines an approach to internal marketing. In the introduction, relevant concepts are explained and background information regarding marketing, the marketing concept, the marketing environment and relationship marketing is discussed. In addition, an overview of the systems approach, the internal marketing synthesis and the internal marketing purpose is given, the ad...

  16. Medical negligence | Otto | SA Journal of Radiology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The progress made in diagnostic and therapeutic medicine has resulted in an increase in the number of malpractice suits brought against medical practitioners. To constitute negligence it must be shown that the conduct of the accused did not measure up to the standard of care the law required of him in the particular ...

  17. Medical negligence | Otto | SA Journal of Radiology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SA Journal of Radiology. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 8, No 2 (2004) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  18. Comparison of the Otto Bock solid ankle cushion heel foot with wooden keel to the low-cost CR-Equipements™ solid ankle cushion heel foot with polypropylene keel: A randomized prospective double-blind crossover study assessing patient satisfaction and energy expenditure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacraz, Alain; Armand, Stéphane; Turcot, Katia; Carmona, Gorki; Stern, Richard; Borens, Olivier; Assal, Mathieu

    2017-06-01

    The International Committee of the Red Cross supports a worldwide program of prosthetic fitting and rehabilitation. In this context, a prosthetic foot was developed and widely distributed in least developed countries. Prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled study. To compare patient satisfaction and energy expenditure during ambulation between a low-cost prosthetic foot designed with a polypropylene keel (CR-Equipements ™ solid ankle cushion heel, International Committee of the Red Cross) to a well-recognized solid ankle cushion heel foot with a wooden keel (solid ankle cushion heel foot, Otto Bock). A total of 15 participants with unilateral transtibial amputation were evaluated using the two prosthetic feet in a randomized prospective double-blind crossover study. Main outcomes were patient satisfaction questionnaires (Satisfaction with Prosthesis Questionnaire and prosthetic foot satisfaction) and energy expenditure (oxygen consumption-mL/kg/min, oxygen cost-mL/kg/m, and heart rate-bpm). There were no significant differences between the two prosthetic feet for satisfaction and energy expenditure. The low-cost solid ankle cushion heel foot with polypropylene keel provides comparable satisfaction and similar energy expenditure as the solid ankle cushion heel foot with wooden keel. Clinical relevance The results of this study support the application and widespread use of the CR-Equipements ™ solid ankle cushion heel foot. From a cost-effectiveness standpoint, patients are well satisfied and exhibit similar outcomes at a substantially lower cost.

  19. Elisabeth Harder-Gersdorff : In memoriam / Otto-Heinrich Elias

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elias, Otto-Heinrich, 1932-

    2007-01-01

    Elisabeth-Harder-Gersdorffi uurimistöö keskmes olid varauusaegse Ida- ja Läne-Euroopa majandus- ja sotsiaalsuhted. Ta on raamatu "Zwischen Rubel und Reichstaler. Soziales Bezugsfeld und geographische Reichweite des Revaler Wechselmarktes 1762-1800" autor

  20. O jornalismo e a literatura em Otto Lara Resende

    OpenAIRE

    Aio, Allan de Abreu [UNESP

    2007-01-01

    Este estudo pretende discutir as relações entre jornalismo e literatura enquanto discursos que se cruzam ao longo da história e, ao mesmo tempo, preservam características singulares que os distanciam de uma relação mais próxima nos tempos atuais. Do lado do jornalismo, o bom português pregado pelos manuais de redação não é suficiente para potencializar a capacidade de informação do discurso, diante de um referencial ora complexo, ora sutil. Nesses casos, a linguagem da mediação social poderia...

  1. Boere gewere uit twee vrydheidsooloë | Otto | Scientia Militaria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hulle is oud. Hulle dae van glorie is verby. Sommige van hulle is verroes en vol oorlogslidtekens. Tog hou hulle vir die leek en vir die kenner 'n bykans mistieke skoonheid, 'n onweerstaanbare bekoring in. Hulle word deur sommige vertroetel, deur sommige bestudeer en deur sommige uitgestal sodat ander kan deel in ...

  2. An improved version of the Mar otto Theorem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li Changpin; Chen Guanrong

    2003-01-01

    In 1975, Li and Yorke introduced the first precise definition of discrete chaos and established a very simple criterion for chaos in one-dimensional difference equations, 'period three implies chaos' for brevity. After three years. Marotto generalized this result to n-dimensional difference equations, showing that the existence of a snap-back repeller implies chaos in the sense of Li-Yorke. This theorem is up to now the best one in predicting and analyzing discrete chaos in multidimensional difference equations. Yet, it is well known that there exists an error in the condition of the original Marotto Theorem, and several authors had tried to correct it in different ways. In this paper, we further clarify the issue, with an improved version of the Marotto Theorem derived

  3. Avaliku ja erasektori koostöö paraneb / Iivi Otto

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Otto, Iivi

    2007-01-01

    Riigikogus on menetlemisel uus riigihangete seadus, mis näeb ette kaks olulist muudatust, tänu millele võiksid avaliku ja erasektori partnerlussuhtel (Public Private Partnership ehk PPP) põhinevad projektid muutuda läbimõeldumaks ja laialdaselt kasutatavamaks

  4. Coercive Diplomacy: Otto von Bismarck and the Unification of Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    politician, he forged a German empire under Prussian leadership that was ultimately realized on January 18, 1871, when King William I was crowned Emperor...the same pressures. King Frederick William cowered in the face of conflict, ordered his military to cease fighting the revolutionaries, and agreed...parliamentary rule, and the dissolution of the Prussian state into Germany. “Bismarck made himself noteworthy by his 6 championship of Prussian superiority

  5. OTTO VON BISMARCK – CHAMPION DE LA DISCORDE!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viorel CRUCEANU

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Le „Chancelier de Fer” a été sans dout le plus in fluent homme d’État européen de la seconde moitié du XIX e siècle. Dans une carière politique de 28 ans, il a croisé nombreuses personnalités de son temps. Ayant un remarquable talent de narrateur et un esprit critique pénétrant, Bismarck a légué à la posterité une large gamme d’opinions sur ses contemporains. De temps à autre, il avait l’air doux, même lyrique, mais le plus souvent il s’avérait impérieux, arrogant, sans merci... Aurait-il été spontané ou il jouait sans cesse dans une pièce bien mise en scene? Tout cela nous parvient de le correspondance officielle des dimplomates français accréditès en Allemagne par le Ministère des Affaires Étrangères de Paris. Les informations se retrouvent en toute leur splendeur dans la collection Documents Diplomatiques Français (1871-1914, 1 resérie (1871-1900, tome II (1 er juillet1875-31 décembre 1879, tome III (2 janvier 1880-13 mai 1881, tome IV (13 mai 1881-20 février 1883, tome V (23 février 1883-9 avril 1885, tome VI (8 avril 1885-30 décembre1887, tome VI bis (4 mars 1885-29 décembre 1887, tome VII (1er janvier 1888-19 mars 1890 et tome VIII (20 mars 1890-28 août 1891. En faissant référence au contenu, mais aussi au pittoresque des entretiens avec Bismarck, l’ambassadeur Raymond de Saint-Vallier notait qu’elles représentaient „une mine inépuisable” d’informations et que, s’il avait insisté davantag e sur les détails, „il aurait des volumes à écrire”

  6. The structure of an Afrikaans collocation and phrase dictionary | Otto ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    As one of the target groups is unsophisticated learners with a limited grammatical background, the ideal would be to enter lexical collocations both at their bases and at the collocators. To save space however, more information such as examples could then be provided at the bases only. Grammatical collocations should be ...

  7. Nina Otto, Enargeia. Untersuchung zur Charakteristik alexandrinischer Dichtung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Cusset

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available L’étude part dans l’introduction d’une présentation circonstanciée et précise des thèses différentes de Bernd Effe et de Graham Zanker sur le traitement du réalisme, qui permet néanmoins de mettre en évidence le même phénomène caractéristique de la poésie hellénistique, à savoir que celle-ci est parcourue par la représentation jusque-là inégalée de la réalité quotidienne et triviale et par la volonté de mettre la poésie le plus étroitement possible en rapport avec une expérience intellectuell...

  8. Otto Neugebauer and the Exploration of Ancient Near Eastern Mathematics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høyrup, Jens

    2017-01-01

    parallel until both stopped this work in 1937–38. Neugebauer then turned to astronomy, while Thureau-Dangin, apart from continuing with other Assyriological matters, undertook to draw the consequences of what was now known about Babylonian mathematics for the history of mathematics in general....

  9. Ökomeeste duo / Aale Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Aale

    2008-01-01

    Arhitektid Laur Pihel ja Tauno Aadma oma koostöötamise algusest ja arhitektuurist, materjalieelistustest, murukatusest. Tauno Aadma ja Laur Piheli projekteeritud eramust Nõmmel, ying-yang majast Maardu kandis, optilisest majast Peetri külas, mätaskatusega betoonmajast Kloogarannas, stereotüüpe lammutavast palkmajast. Foto arhitektidest, 13 värv. vaadet, 4 korruste plaani

  10. Kajian Eksperimental Perbandingan Performansi Mesin Otto Bahan Bakar Premium dengan Bahan Bakar LPG

    OpenAIRE

    Sitorus, Jefferson

    2013-01-01

    The decreasing availability of fossil fuels led to a variety of ideas how to solve this problem. LPG (Liquefied petroleum gas) is one alternative fuel that can be used in trending engine, one of which is a gasoline engine generator sets in 4-stroke. By modifying the carburetor so the engine can work as when using gasoline. Although the performance of the machine tends to not give optimal results such as engine performance when using gasoline, but has the advantage of LPG fuel, the emissions p...

  11. Firenze noir. Criminalità e marginalità a Firenze tra Otto e Novecento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Pellegrino

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available San Frediano, in the heart of the great and populous neighbourhood of Santo Spirito, was considered, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the “black” district of Florence. Black in different ways. Firstly, because the crime news of the entire city was fed by the neighbourhood. Second, because it was the privileged subject of a certain kind of literature, inspired by The Mysteries of Paris of Eugène Sue. Thirdly, because it remained untouched by socialist and reformist environment. Finally, because in 1901 one-sixth of its population was under police surveillance. This paper aims to explore a range of sources to clarify the relationship between the radiant face of “the flowers city”, privileged place of European cultural tourism, and the “dark side” “of the marginality, exclusion, borderline relations or beyond the boundary of the law, that were woven a short distance, only separated by the line of the river.

  12. Analytical Chemistry (edited by R. Kellner, J.- M. Mermet, M. Otto, and H. M. Widmer)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Reviewed By Robert Q.

    2000-04-01

    This text, written in English, was developed by the Division of Analytical Chemistry of the Federation of European Chemical Societies to support the university-level Eurocurriculum in analytical chemistry, a major effort of academics and other analytical scientists throughout Europe and an outgrowth of the economic unification of European countries. The goal of a uniform curriculum and text for analytical chemistry across national borders is laudable, and the editors, led by the late Robert Kellner, deserve commendation for their accomplishments. (The U.S., in contrast, has been late in considering the analytical chemistry curriculum and only recently has published a pamphlet, Curricular Developments in the Analytical Sciences, an outgrowth of several NSF-sponsored workshops.) I can't remember another analytical text that begins with mention of the "big bang" and the beginnings of the universe (!), but I don't believe that the authors and publisher are looking to export their curriculum to neighboring planets. However, I am sure that they are interested in the North American market and its strong analytical chemistry community. It is in this context and in comparison with leading analytical texts in the U.S. that I write this review. At first glance, Analytical Chemistry overwhelms. It is a large book of more than 900 pages, a mass of 2.3 kg, and a volume of nearly 3 L. It is not a book that is easy to stuff into a backpack for the trip to class or lab. Students also may resent paying top dollar for a book that might not last the semester, given that the pages of my review copy began to pull away from the binding after only a few days of gentle use. Beneath the snazzy cover there is a dearth of color printing and photographs. This, combined with a smallish font and figures that are inconsistent in size, quality, and font, makes for a book that is not especially easy on the eyes. The large margins provide ample space for the numerous figures, figure captions, and marginal notes. The text is divided into 5 parts (General Topics, Chemical Analysis, Physical Analysis, Computer-Based Analytical Chemistry, and Total Analysis Systems), 16 sections, and many chapters and subsections, all numbered and with headings for easy reference. The book provides comprehensive coverage of analytical science. Many curricula in North America cling to the tired notion of one semester of classical analytical (wet) chemistry followed by a second semester of instrumental analysis, and publishers continue to respond by publishing separate texts for each course. The Europeans, in contrast, have a text that bridges this artificial gap. Included are chapters and subsections on chemical equilibrium, electronic and vibrational spectroscopy, separations, and electrochemistry (found in most first courses in analytical chemistry). The authors also address atomic spectroscopy in all of its forms, luminescence, mass spectrometry, NMR spectrometry, surface analysis, thermal methods, activation analysis, and automated methods of analysis (found in most instrumental courses). Additional, uncommon chapters on chemical and biochemical sensors, immunoassay, chemometrics, miniaturized systems, and process analytical chemistry point toward the present and future of analytical science. The only glaring omission in comparison to other instrumental texts is in the area of measurement systems and electronics. No mention is made of the analytical laboratory, such as descriptions of glassware calibration and suggested experiments, as is found in most quantitative analysis texts in the U.S. The dangers in any multi-authored book include an uneven treatment of topics and a lack of cohesiveness and logical development of topics. I found some evidence of these problems in Analytical Chemistry. My first reaction to the Table of Contents and the grouping of chapters was "Where is ?" and "What about ?" While the order of topics in an analytical chemistry course always is open to debate (I have done my share of reshuffling over the years), some timing is sacrosanct. For example, I suspect that most first courses in analytical chemistry include basic statistics early on, yet this topic is found under Chemometrics in Part IV. Another example is the separation of the discussions of acid-base equilibria (Chapter 4) and acid-base titrations (Chapter 7), with chromatography and kinetics interspersed. Simple UV-vis spectrometry and Beer's law are discussed after topics such as thermal analysis and biosensors. Information on monochromators is buried in the chapter on atomic emission spectroscopy. The editors have organized the material in a reasonably logical yet unfamiliar order. I would guess that those who adopt this text will need to skip from chapter to chapter or restructure their courses in a major way. Some topics receive more or less attention than I believe is justified. Let me provide a few examples of this uneven treatment. The editors include in Part I a 5-page description of the regulatory aspects of QA & QC, a topic of little interest to undergraduates. In the liquid chromatography section there are 3.5 pages on thin-layer chromatography and 6.5 pages on field flow fractionation, but only 2.5 pages on capillary electrophoresis, a burgeoning area of analysis. While biamperometric and conductometric titrations are discussed, common redox titrations employing an indicator (e.g. iodometric titrations with starch endpoint) are ignored. Likewise, electrochemical stripping analysis, important in trace analysis, is given short shrift (half a page). The editors set a useful chapter template, but it is not followed in all cases. At the top of the first page of each chapter is a grayed box of general learning objectives, sort of a chapter overview, and most chapters begin with a very brief, often interesting historical overview. Worked numerical examples, though scarce, are found in grayed areas throughout the text. Specific and general references for further reading are a welcome sight at the end of the chapters, but in some cases are missing. Review questions and exercises finish up each chapter. Though I write many of my own exercises and problems for student practice, I--and my students--do rely on textbook authors for additional interesting challenges related to the textbook material. The number and type of end-of-chapter problems are quite variable in Analytical Chemistry. For example, the chapters on infrared and Raman spectroscopy and on basic statistics end with a sufficient number of questions (35 and 22, respectively); but, inexplicably, only 4 questions follow the discussion of acid-base equilibria, only 7 follow the chapter on liquid and thin-layer chromatography, and there are none on immunoassay. Other important topics also are slighted. Most of the end-of-chapter questions are rather uninteresting and test simple rote learning, rather than requiring the synthesis and application of the knowledge acquired (higher-level learning). I would have liked to see spreadsheet or other computer work as the focus of some questions and an appendix of answers to at least some of the exercises. Numerous minor errors were evident, especially in the first half of the book. Some were typographical, such as soulbility instead of solubility and equation of the complex instead of aquation of the complex, but others were more egregious, such as ? instead of ? and ?, which is missing the minus sign. The standard electrode potentials listed in the appendix are confusing, because while the proper values for E ° are given, the half-reactions are written as oxidations rather than as reductions. On the whole, though, the principles of the field are described clearly and accurately. I would recommend Analytical Chemistry to prospective and practicing analytical chemists as a valuable reference to many existing and emerging analytical techniques. It certainly deserves a spot on my reference shelf. As a classroom text, however, the book is less interesting. Perhaps with tighter editing and greater focus on pedagogy, the book could compete with the U.S. leaders, such as Harris and Skoog.

  13. August von Kotzebue estofiilina / Otto-Heinrich Elias ; saksa keelest tõlkinud Reet Bender

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elias, Otto-Heinrich, 1932-

    2011-01-01

    Tutvustatakse August von Kotzebue kirjanduslikku - ja draamaloomingut, tema rolli seadusreformide mõjutamisel ning eestlastest positiivse kujundi loomisel. Peatutakse ka tema reisil revolutsioonilisel Prantsusmaal

  14. Ein Este im revolutionären Paris / Otto-Heinich Elias

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elias, Otto-Heinrich, 1932-

    2012-01-01

    Kirjanik August von Kotzebue ja tema eestlasest teenri reisist Saksamaale ja Prantsusmaale 1790. aastal ning reisisündmustest inspireeritud romaanist "Pikk-Hans" (Der Lange Hans", 1793), milles ta omakorda parodeerib Voltaire ühte kuulsaimat teost Candide'i

  15. Kärstna mõis (Kerstenhof) / Otto Wildau, Bertel Thorvaldsen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wildau, Otto, 1873-1942

    2004-01-01

    4 välisvaadet, üks 1930. aastast, hauamonument; mõisa ajaloost, omanikest, arhitektuurist, interjöörist; 1907. a. taastati hoone O. Wildau projekti järgi neobaroksena, juugendsugemetega, 1924. aastast on mõisahoones kool; Kärstna kabelimäel von Anrepite perekonnakalmistul on säilinud malmlõvi, mia püstitati 1844. aastal 1807. a. hukkunud kindralleitnant Reinhold von Anrepi mälestuseks, monumendi kavandas Bertel Thorvaldsen

  16. Lo stereotipo del Sud fra Otto e Novecento. Il caso della Sardegna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Bonaria Urban

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The Southern Stereotype in the 19th and 20th Centuries. The Case of Sardinia   Following Italian unification, the North-South dichotomy which had for centuries been part of European tradition was reformulated in Italian culture, resulting in the definition of a homogeneous concept of the South and with it what is probably the most significant and persistent stereotype in the national collective imagination. This perspective stands as a constant in every text on Sardinia, since the national debate on the Southern Question placed the island firmly among the country's other Southern regions. In the early 20th century the traditional stock of images and stereotypes characterising literary discourse became an essential reservoir of characters, situations and places for film-makers. Following the method of imagology, this paper focuses on the strategies used in representing the stereotype of the South in the cinema, specifically in the film Cainà. L’isola e il continente (Righelli 1922. The working hypothesis is that films confirmed the centrality of the North-South dichotomy as the creative engine in the Italian cinematic imagination and the identification of Sardinian society with the South perceived as a model of archaic and primitive civilisation. Depicting Sardinia in accordance with an interpretative scheme considered absolute and unchanging, the new art form followed a route already laid down in literature. In addition, in a cultural phase dominated by the need to develop and disseminate a national consciousness, it contributed to the production of images and symbols standing in open contradiction to the ideal of a united Italy, revealing the contradictions that the Risorgimento had created rather than resolve.

  17. Lo stereotipo del Sud fra Otto e Novecento: il caso della Sardegna

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Urban, M.B.

    2011-01-01

    Following Italian unification, the North-South dichotomy which had for centuries been part of European tradition was reformulated in Italian culture, resulting in the definition of a homogeneous concept of the South and with it what is probably the most significant and persistent stereotype in the

  18. Otto Skorzeny and the Real Conduct of Unternehmen Eiche and Unternehmen Panzerfaust

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-12-01

    Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington, DC 20503. 1. AGENCY USE ONLY (Leave blank) 2. REPORT DATE...lead revolts against the Soviets.74 One should also note that the command entities that guided war in the east and managed German and Axis policy in...Völkischer Beobachter or the documentary -like news program Deutsche Wochenschau, all military branches had their own news magazines as well as

  19. Between Kantianism and Empiricism : Otto Hölder’s Philosophy of Geometry

    OpenAIRE

    Biagioli, Francesca

    2013-01-01

    Hölder’s philosophy of geometry might appear to be the most problematic part of his epistemology. He maintains that geometry depends on experience also after Poincaré’s fundamental criticism of Helmholtz. Nevertheless, I think that Hölder’s view is worth discussing, for two reasons. Firstly, the related methodological considerations were crucial for the development of his epistemology. Secondly, Poincaré uses the opposition between Kantianism and empiricism to argue for his geometrical conven...

  20. KARL-OTTO APEL Y LA CRÍTICA DEL SENTIDO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Salerno

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo destaca el influjo que ejerce en Apel la llamada crítica del sentido desarrollada por Wittgenstein y Peirce. Reconstruimos los fundamentos del reconocimiento de un a priori lingüístico y de la radicalización semiótico-antropológica que conduce a la concepción de que el hombre puede entenderse como pensamiento-signo. Mostramos además cómo cree Apel que éste se halla inserto en el contexto de un medio supraindividual en el que forja su propia individualidad. Desde esta perspectiva, tiene que realizarse una transformación de la función sujeto en función intérprete de los signos, lo cual permite una nueva respuesta frente al problema de la intersubjetividad.

  1. Otto Jastrow: islam ja demokraatia ei sobi kokku / intervjueerinud Villu Zirnask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jastrow, Otto

    2011-01-01

    TLÜ Eesti humanitaarinstituudi araabia keele professor on seisukohal, et kui Egiptuse president Hosni Mubarak langeb, võib Egiptuses järgneda kaos ja radikaalse Muslimi Vennaskonna võimule pääsemine. Ta loodab, et Egiptuses võtab lähipäevil võimu sõjavägi. Islami muutumisest tagurlikumaks, islamist ja vägivallast

  2. Extraction and characterization of Agave salmiana Otto ex Salm-Dyck fructans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César I. Godínez-Hernández

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Los fructanos son polímeros de fructosa con grandes aplicaciones en la industria de alimentos funcionales. Aunque los fructanos de Agave angustifolia spp. tequilana ya se producen industrialmente y comienzan a tener demanda en EE. UU., para su extracción se sigue utilizando la cabeza o piña de maguey (tallo y bases foliares con madurez variable, lo cual repercute en la calidad y en procesos que encarecen la producción. En este trabajo se describe un método alternativo para la extracción de fructanos de tallos de Agave salmiana, el cual es más simple y facilita la obtención de manera natural u orgánica. Se evaluaron los rendimientos absoluto y relativo del concentrado de fructanos (CF, referidos tanto al tallo como a la cabeza de maguey, así como su calidad mediante el análisis por cromatografía líquida de alta resolución (HPLC. El rendimiento de CF (95 % MS de materia seca del tallo fresco fue de 21 % y casi 80 % del tallo seco. El CF libre de humedad está compuesto por cerca de 80 % de fructanos y el resto por trisacáridos (cerca de 9.5 %, cenizas (5 %, sacarosa (1 % y sapogeninas (0.85 %; cantidades de glucosa y fructosa no fueron detectables (< 0.002 %.

  3. Conventional engine technology. Volume 1: Status of OTTO cycle engine technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowdy, M. W.

    1981-01-01

    Federally-mandated emissions standards have led to major changes in automotive technology during the last decade. Efforts to satisfy the new standards were directed more toward the use of add-on devices, such as catalytic converters, turbochargers, and improved fuel metering, than toward complete engine redesign. The resulting changes are described and the improvement brought about by them in fuel economy and emissions levels are fully documented. Four specific categories of gasoline-powered internal combustion engines are covered, including subsystem and total engine development. Also included are the results of fuel economy and exhaust emissions tests performed on representative vehicles from each category.

  4. Quantitative characterization of nonstructural carbohydrates of mezcal Agave (Agave salmiana Otto ex Salm-Dick).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel-Cuello, Christian; Juárez-Flores, Bertha Irene; Aguirre-Rivera, Juan Rogelio; Pinos-Rodríguez, Juan Manuel

    2008-07-23

    Fructans are the reserve carbohydrates in Agave spp. plants. In mezcal factories, fructans undergoes thermal hydrolysis to release fructose and glucose, which are the basis to produce this spirit. Carbohydrate content determines the yield of the final product, which depends on plant organ, ripeness stage, and thermal hydrolysis. Thus, a qualitative and quantitative characterization of nonstructural carbohydrates was conducted in raw and hydrolyzed juices extracted from Agave salmiana stems and leaves under three ripeness stages. By high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), fructose, glucose, sucrose, xylose, and maltose were identified in agave juice. Only the plant fraction with hydrolysis interaction was found to be significant in the glucose concentration plant. Interactions of the fraction with hydrolysis and ripeness with hydrolysis were statistically significant in fructose concentration. Fructose concentration rose considerably with hydrolysis, but only in juice extracted from ripe agave stems (early mature and castrated). This increase was statistically significant only with acid hydrolysis.

  5. Distance Education in Transition: new trends and challenges. Author: Otto Peters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keith Harry

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available I was delighted to be offered the chance to review this book because, although Professor Peters published Learning and Teaching in Distance Education: Pedagogical analyses and interpretations in an international perspective, in 1998, I hoped that this new volume would provide a new and different perspective on the most recent developments in distance education and in the role which Professor Peters has played in them. The subtitle of the new book, “New Trends and Challenges” seemed to justify my sense of anticipation. And to some extent the book does live up to expectations; it draws upon first-hand experience of the author as an online tutor who is clearly excited by the potential benefits of new technology for the teacher and, most importantly the learner.

  6. The Otto Aufranc Award: Enhanced Biocompatibility of Stainless Steel Implants by Titanium Coating and Microarc Oxidation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Young Wook; Kwon, Soon Yong; Sun, Doo Hoon

    2010-01-01

    Background Stainless steel is one of the most widely used biomaterials for internal fixation devices, but is not used in cementless arthroplasty implants because a stable oxide layer essential for biocompatibility cannot be formed on the surface. We applied a Ti electron beam coating, to form oxide layer on the stainless steel surface. To form a thicker oxide layer, we used a microarc oxidation process on the surface of Ti coated stainless steel. Modification of the surface using Ti electron beam coating and microarc oxidation could improve the ability of stainless steel implants to osseointegrate. Questions/purposes The ability of cells to adhere to grit-blasted, titanium-coated, microarc-oxidated stainless steel in vitro was compared with that of two different types of surface modifications, machined and titanium-coated, and microarc-oxidated. Methods We performed energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy investigations to assess the chemical composition and structure of the stainless steel surfaces and cell morphology. The biologic responses of an osteoblastlike cell line (SaOS-2) were examined by measuring proliferation (cell proliferation assay), differentiation (alkaline phosphatase activity), and attraction ability (cell migration assay). Results Cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase activity, migration, and adhesion were increased in the grit-blasted, titanium-coated, microarc-oxidated group compared to the two other groups. Osteoblastlike cells on the grit-blasted, titanium-coated, microarc-oxidated surface were strongly adhered, and proliferated well compared to those on the other surfaces. Conclusions The surface modifications we used (grit blasting, titanium coating, microarc oxidation) enhanced the biocompatibility (proliferation and migration of osteoblastlike cells) of stainless steel. Clinical Relevance This process is not unique to stainless steel; it can be applied to many metals to improve their biocompatibility, thus allowing a broad range of materials to be used for cementless implants. PMID:20936386

  7. Heat transfer from an internal combustion (Otto-cycle) engine on the surface of Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gwynne, Owen

    1992-05-01

    The cooling requirements for an average car sized engine (spark-ignition, V-6, four-stroke, naturally aspirated, about 200 kg, about 100 kW) were looked at for Mars. Several modes of cooling were considered, including forced convection, exhaust, radiation and closed loop systems. The primary goal was to determine the effect of the thinner Martian atmosphere on the cooling system. The results show that there was only a 6-percent difference in the cooling requirements. This difference was due mostly to the thinner atmosphere during forced convection and the heat capacity of the exhaust. A method using a single pass counter-flow heat exchanger is suggested to offset this difference in cooling requirements.

  8. Soome operaator OTTO ihkab Eesti pangaautomaatide võrku / Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimer, Andres

    2011-01-01

    Pankade sularahaautomaatide operaatori leidmiseks toimub konkurss. Pankade ümarlaud kinnitas kandidaatide valiku, kuid osalejate nimesid ei avaldata. Soome ATM-ide turgu valitsevast firmast Automatia Pankkiautomaatit ja rahvusvahelisest ATM-ide operaatorist Nets

  9. An exploration in the will psychology of Otto Rank: human intentionality and individuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isono, Masayo

    2012-12-01

    The author explores the meaning and the importance of the will in Rank's relation-based self-creative, self-constructive psychology and argues for the consideration of the concept of the will in psychoanalysis. The paper shows that Rank's concept of the will explains what gives a human being the impetus to choose an action, positive or negative. When validated by the other, this will, the power of intention, enables a person to create his/her unique individuality. The paper reviews Rank's definition of will and traces the evolution of his ideas of intentionality in his writings. Further, the author discusses how Rank attempts to capture the subtle movements of the human mind as suffused with struggles and dynamic interplay between external and internal forces.

  10. Heat transfer from an internal combustion (Otto-cycle) engine on the surface of Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gwynne, Owen

    1992-01-01

    The cooling requirements for an average car sized engine (spark-ignition, V-6, four-stroke, naturally aspirated, about 200 kg, about 100 kW) were looked at for Mars. Several modes of cooling were considered, including forced convection, exhaust, radiation and closed loop systems. The primary goal was to determine the effect of the thinner Martian atmosphere on the cooling system. The results show that there was only a 6-percent difference in the cooling requirements. This difference was due mostly to the thinner atmosphere during forced convection and the heat capacity of the exhaust. A method using a single pass counter-flow heat exchanger is suggested to offset this difference in cooling requirements.

  11. V zamke otkrõlas võstavka fotografi prirodõ Finljandii

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Soome loodusfotode näitus "Frozen Horizon" Narva linnuses. Oma töid näitavad Oulu läänis tegutsevad loodusfotograafid Kalervo Ojutkangas, Jorma Luhta, Hannu Hautala, Tauno Kohonen ja Hannu Huttu. Fotograafidest

  12. Sedamoodi 2005 : moda ot shkolnikov / Marina Poltavtseva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poltavtseva, Marina

    2005-01-01

    Tallinna koolide õpilaste moekonkursist "Sedamoodi" räägib konkursi organisaator Tallinna Kanutiaia Noortemaja direktor Mari Velleste. Sedamoodi 2005 eri vanusegruppide võitjad. Rändauhinnaks on Tauno Kangro skulptuur

  13. Uued loomad loomaaias - seekord pronksist / Maris Balbat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balbat, Maris, 1936-

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna Loomaaias toimunud rahvusvahelise animalistliku skulptuuri festivalil saavutas I koha Hermine Kelleri "Šimpans", II koha Margarita Kamardina Moskvast ja Vitali Novikov Peterburist. Tauno Kangro "Siga" teenis ära publikupreemia

  14. Rapla kihelkonna auhinna sai Ilse Rahkema / Margus Mikomägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikomägi, Margus, 1956-

    2009-01-01

    Rapla kihelkonna päeval 22. juulil sai Rapla kihelkonna auhinna Raikküla teadjanaine, koduloolane Ilse Rahkema. Kihelkonna auhind kujutab endast pronksist valmistatud Maarja Magdaleena kuju, mille autor on skulptor Tauno Kangro

  15. Tshstnaja i ekologitsheski tshistaja gimnazija

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Rakvere ehitatakse Eragümnaasiumi algklasside hoone, mille konstruktsioonis kasutatakse liimpuitu, seinad on savist ja välisvooder puidust. Ringikujulise hoone projekteerisid Laur Pihel ja Tauno Aadma, ehitama hakkab TRK Ehitus OÜ

  16. Rakverre ehitatakse loodussõbralik koolimaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Rakvere Eragümnaasiumi algklasside hoone konstruktsioonis kasutatakse liimpuitu, seinad on savist, välisvooder puidust ja katust katab muru. Ringikujulise hoone projekteerisid Laur Pihel ja Tauno Aadma, ehitama hakkab TRK Ehitus OÜ

  17. Roosad kummikud, printer ja gloobus / Nelli Pello

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pello, Nelli

    2006-01-01

    Eksperimendist, kuidas 20 000 krooni õppelaenu ühe päevaga ära kulutada. Kommenteerivad Eesti Kunstiakadeemia kunstiteaduse tudeng Kaisa Masso ja endine Tartu Ülikooli filosoofiatudeng Tauno Toit

  18. Tolko ljubov! / Irina Butjajeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Butjajeva, Irina

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna Vana Viru hotelli fuajees avati maali- ja skulptuurinäitus. Korraldajaks on SED ARTE Gallery, galerist Olga Ljubaskina. 16 osaleja hulgas on Anatoli Strahhov, Sergei Jantshenko, Iris Uuk, Aivar Rihkrand, Vera Stanishevskaja, Vladimir Baciu ja skulptor Tauno Kangro

  19. 40 CFR 86.109-94 - Exhaust gas sampling system; Otto-cycle vehicles not requiring particulate emission measurements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... accuracy and precision of ±2 °F (1.1 °C). (3) The pressure gauges shall have an accuracy and precision of... ±5 percent. (The volumetric sample flow rate shall be varied inversely with the square root of the...

  20. Muuga mõis (Münkenhof) / Otto Pius Hippius, A. Brüllow, David Grimm...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    5 fotot, värv.; lossi lasi ehitada Carl Timoleon von Neff, ehituskavandeid täiendasid A. Brüllow, D. Grimm, O. Hippius, joonised tegi L. Bohnstedt; interjöör restaureeriti 1987-1994 - sisearhitekt Leila Pärtelpoeg; 1944. aastast töötab mõisas kool

  1. NS OTTO HAHN - test report no. 27 for the period from 5-8-1976 to 25-8-1977

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1977-01-01

    Several voyages to Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo, and Durban are reported on as well as stays in the shipyard. In these reports, the programme of operation is explained, and the technical incidents are described. For the period between August 25th, 1976, and June 17th, 1977, the development of thermal power is given in the form of power histograms. (UA) [de

  2. Riigi (majandus)poliitika mõju väärtpaberite hindade kujunemisele / Otto Karma, Priit Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karma, Otto

    2003-01-01

    Matemaatilise mudeli tuletamisest, mis võimaldab kajastada riigi (majandus)poliitika mõju investorite poolt väärtpaberisse investeerimiseks nõutava tegeliku tulunormi suurusele. Selline mudel võimaldaks prognoosida erinevate (majandus)poliitiliste otsuste mõju väärtpaberite hindade arengule. Tabel: Väärtpaberiinvesteeringuga seotud kulud Eestis. Graafikud

  3. Experience with W3Re/W25Re thermocouples in fuel pins of NS Otto Hahn's two cores

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kolb, M.

    1976-01-01

    The paper first deals with the installation of 18 and 9 high-temperature sheathed thermocouples in fuel rods of the cores FDR-1 and FDR-2, respectively. The measured fuel rod centerline temperatures could be related to the local linear rod power at any given time by means of the densities of fission products with different half-lives obtained from fuel rod γ-scans. The fuel temperatures show then already an increase with the burn-up of the FDR-1 which becomes steeper when taking into account the decrease of the EMF measured at irradiated thermocouples taken from the fuel rods. Finally, the determination of effective thermocouple time constants and of fuel rod heat transfer time constants is demonstrated by utilizing the reactor noise to measure the transfer function between neutron flux and fuel temperature signal. (orig.) [de

  4. Comparison of the thorium- and low-enriched uranium fuel cycle in the OTTO pebble bed HTR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teuchert, E; Maly, V

    1973-03-15

    From the study of the physical, technical and economical properties of the LOTTO and TOTTO fuel cycle the authors draw the conclusion that no fundamental reason can be found for a definite preference of one of the two cycles. Either of them can be developed to become a very attractive concept. The flexibility of this reactor allows the design performance in that way that the reactor becomes a safe system with reasonable economy. The decision for the preference of the LOTTO or TOTTO can be allowed to be governed by the requirements of the outer fuel cycle or by politics.

  5. Code of Practice for Organic Food Processing. With contributions from Ursula Kretzschmar, Angelika Ploeger and Otto Schmid.

    OpenAIRE

    Beck, Alexander

    2006-01-01

    The consumers of “low input” and organic foods have specific expectations with respect to quality parameters of processed food. These may relate to the degree of processing, concern about specific additives, nutritional composition, integrity or whole food concepts, the degree of convenience, the level of energy use and transportation distances, but also to food safety. For many processors, fulfilling all of these expectations represents a tremendous challenge in understanding and impleme...

  6. Analysis of lubricant oil contamination and degradation and wear of a biogas-fed otto cycle engine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rovian Bertinatto

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The increasing deployment of biodigesters for the treatment of waste on farms and the use of the biogas generated in the production of energy have highlighted the need for knowing the influence of this fuel on internal combustion engines. This study aimed to analyze the influence of filtrated biogas on lubricant oil contamination and degradation, as well as on engine wear and corrosion. Lubricant oil samples were collected every 75 engine operating hours (EOH and then correlated between each other and with a sample of new oil, determining the elements present in the biogas that contribute to lubricant oil contamination and degradation, as well as lubricant oil performance in the course of EOH and engine wear. The results demonstrate that hydrogen sulfide affects the performance of the lubricant oil and engine wear. Among the metals, we observed that the copper concentration exceeded the maximum limit recommended in the literature. As for the additives, the variation in concentrations of magnesium impacted on lubricant performance. By monitoring lubricant oil quality were able to extend the engine oil change interval of this study by 50%, what resulted in a savings of 33.3% in the cost of lubricant per hour worked.

  7. Parigi / New York 1215 – 1815 – 2015. Otto secoli di gerarchia di scala nelle lottizzazioni urbane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serge Salat

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available I cambiamenti della Parigi intra-muros (100 kmq e della planimetria di Manhattan (66 kmq elaborata dal Commissioners’ Plan (Piano regolatore si inseriscono in due scale temporali diverse: due millenni nel caso di Parigi, due secoli nel caso di Manhattan. In apparenza molto diverse, la competitività dei poteri feudali da un lato, in una società chiusa, e la competitività del mercato dall’altro, in una società aperta, hanno tuttavia fatto emergere gerarchie parcellari, contraddistinte da gerarchie di scala sorprendentemente simili, come ci fosse all’opera una certa universalità.

  8. Direct comparasion of an engine working under Otto, Miller end Diesel cycles : thermodynamic analysis and real engine performance

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Bernardo Sousa; Martins, Jorge

    2007-01-01

    One of the ways to improve thermodynamic efficiency of Spark Ignition engines is by the optimisation of valve timing and lift and compression ratio. The throttleless engine and the Miller cycle engine are proven concepts for efficiency improvements of such engines. This paper reports on an engine with variable valve timing (VVT) and variable compression ratio (VCR) in order to fulfill such an enhancement of efficiency. Engine load is controlled by the valve opening per...

  9. Ultimate - a new generation of gasoline and diesel fuels; Ultimate - eine neue Generation von Otto- und Dieselkraftstoffen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strempel, G. [Aral Forschung/Global Fuels Technology, Bochum (Germany); Beckwith, P. [BP Fuels Management Group, Pangbourne (United Kingdom); Froehling, J. [Aral Forschung, Bochum (Germany). Labor/Analytik; Baron, U. [Aral Forschung, Bochum (Germany). Motor- und Fahrzeuglaboratorium; Sauermann, P.; Balfanz, U. [Aral Forschung, Bochum (Germany). Produktentwicklung; Doermer, W. [Aral Forschung, Bochum (Germany). Produktqualitaet

    2005-06-01

    With the launch of Ultimate 100 gasoline and Ultimate Diesel, motorists in Germany now have the opportunity to choose new advanced performance fuels designed to get the very best from their engines. This article gives details of the technical development behind these fuels, their wide range of benefits, and how it is possible to manufacture fuels which meet the considerable technical challenge of achieving both more performance and less pollution. (orig.)

  10. The New Alliance between Science and Education: Otto Neurath's Modernity beyond Descartes' "Adamitic" Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliverio, Stefano

    2014-01-01

    Starting from a suggestion of Stephen Toulmin and through an interpretation of the criticism to which Neurath, one of the founders of the Vienna Circle, submits Descartes' views on science, the paper attempts to outline a pattern of modernity opposed to the Cartesian one, that has been obtaining over the last four centuries. In particular, it…

  11. Experiencing memory museums in Berlin. The Otto Weidt Workshop for the Blind Museum and the Jewish Museum Berlin

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Souto

    2018-01-01

    This article explores memory studies from the audience’s perspective, focusing on the perception of Holocaust narratives in two museums in Berlin. This research builds on and contributes to a number of emerging issues on memory studies, tourism perception and museum design: the debate on experiential authenticity, Dark Tourism, as well as the analysis of memory studies from the perspective of the user. The main data facilitating the analysis is based on responses shared on TripAdvisor; the ca...

  12. 40 CFR 86.1309-90 - Exhaust gas sampling system; Otto-cycle and non-petroleum-fueled engines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... exhaust duct excludes the length of pipe representative of the vehicle exhaust pipe) shall be minimized... exhaust manifold, immediately after exhaust aftertreatment systems, or after a length of pipe representative of the vehicle exhaust pipe; or (iv) Partial dilution of the exhaust gas prior to entering the...

  13. Collection of plants of the genus Melocactus (Tourn. Link et Otto (Cactaceae Juss. and peculiarities of their reproduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kateryna Baglay

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Taxonomic composition of Melocactus collection at O.V. Fomin Botanical Garden, as well as peculiarities of their reproduction under the conditions of introduction has been considered. Rare and threatened Melocactus species in the collection were identified.

  14. 40 CFR 86.110-94 - Exhaust gas sampling system; diesel-cycle vehicles, and Otto-cycle vehicles requiring particulate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) immediately before the heated filter. This will be determined by a temperature sensor located immediately upstream of the filter. The sensor shall have an accuracy and precision of ±2 °F (1.1 °C). (ii) At 235° ±15... 86.110-94 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS...

  15. On the need for nuclear waste management. Keynote address by the award winner on the occasion of the Otto Hahn Prize awarding ceremony 1988

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baumgaertner, F.

    1988-06-01

    One may find reasons justifying one's hopes in the sun or wind or other sources of energy to replace nuclear energy, or even reasons justifying the selfish attitude of those who believe that, for our lifetime, money will buy us enough fossil fuels to continue, but all this may not and must not let us close our eyes to the main problem that must be solved in the next few decades: disposal of the nuclear wastes. Shutting down all nuclear power plants would not free us from the problem at all. In 1986, medical and research establishments and industry have produced more than twice the amount of medium level and low level radioactive waste than have the nuclear power plants. However, even if we would place our hopes in the solar power plant and decide to abandon nuclear power, and even if society would also be prepared to close down the nuclear medical departments of the hospitals, to prohibit the use of radioactive substances by research and industry, we still would have to cope for a certain transitional period with the spent fuel accumulated so far, so that safe reprocessing and disposal of radioactive wastes is a problem remaining in any case.

  16. Optimizing transient processes with AVL-GCA for a highly flexible gasoline engine; Optimierung transienter Vorgaenge mit AVL-GCA an einem Otto-Motor hoher Flexibilitaet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leifert, Thomas; Moreno Nevado, Fernando; Fairbrother, Robert; Prevedel, Kurt [AVL List GmbH, Graz (Austria)

    2011-07-01

    Optimizing the dynamic operation of a gasoline engine with high flexibility by means of AVL-GCA. Downsizing and Downspeeding are considered being the most promising approaches to significantly reduce CO{sub 2} emission. Because of synergy effects between its technologies, downsized Turbocharged Gasoline Direct Injection (TGDI) engines have the highest potential for fuel economy. The key for high market penetration of such concepts requires customer acceptance and this is closely linked to driver satisfaction. For the drivability rating of vehicles fitted with turbocharged engines, tip-in behavior is of paramount importance. A combined combustion analysis and gas-exchange analysis was performed with AVL GCA (Gas exchange and Combustion Analysis) on a ''beyond-state-of-the-art'' TGDI engine, namely a variable compression ratio engine featuring MCE-5 VCRi technology. With variable compression ratio and 2-stage boosting this engine features an unusually high level of flexibility. Therefore the analysis is used to examine the thermodynamic processes taking place in the cylinders not only in steady state operation but also under highly transient boundary conditions and on a ''cycle-by-cycle'' basis in order to examine hints for optimizing transient response. An established numerical approach for analysis was applied to measurement data acquired on an engine dynamometer thanks to a dedicated measurement chain that will be described in detail. (orig.)

  17. From the Other Shore: Alice Rühle-Gerstel and Otto Rühle. The Experience of Left-Wing Political Exile in Mexico, 1935-1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lizette Jacinto

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This work seeks to critically analyze the intellectual conditions that the Rühle couple faced during their 1935-1943 political exile in Mexico, after fleeing German National Socialism. Both of them were renowned thinkers both in the academic and political fields, and both before and after World War I, specially during the so-called Weimar Republic. The paper highlights the personality of Alice Rühel-Gerstel, born in Prague to a Jewish family, for she would become a feminist and writer renowned in her time, but forgotten after Nazi censorship. This subject, as yet unpublished in Mexico, feeds on deep archive research carried out in Germany, the Netherlands, and Mexico.

  18. Lambda quantification by laser optical measuring methods on a supercharged Otto engine with Benz indirect injection; Lambdaquantifizierung mittels laseroptischer Messmethoden am aufgeladenen Ottomotor mit Benzindirekteinspritzung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rogler, Philipp

    2010-07-01

    For the optimization of upcoming SI engine generations it is indispensable to understand the mixture formation process in detail because it is the basis requirement for reducing emissions and fuel consumption. On this account, fuel sprays used for gasoline direct injection are investigated with advanced laser optical measurement techniques. The spatial fuel distribution of both vapor and liquid phase is measured with a new technology approach, in which the 3D-tomography is combined with the laser induced exciplex fluorescence to create a new technology. With this laser-induced exciplex fluorescence tomography (TLIEF) the vapor and liquid phase fuel distribution of annular orifice and multi hole injectors are investigated under stationary boundary conditions in an optically accessible spray vessel. The particle density inside the spray chamber is kept constant and set to resemble that of a typical stratified engine operation point during the injection phase. Pressure and temperature are varied for parameter studies. The 3D spray visualizations show a significant dependency of the spray propagation on the ambient temperature. The vaporized fuel generated by multihole injectors with nearby oriented spray plumes is elongated differently under high ambient temperatures (500 K) compared to room temperature. PIV flow field measurements revealed that the reason for this temperature dependent behavior is the spray induced air flow. The vapor phase, which is with increasing temperatures in greater distance from the injector predominantly present, with its, compared to fuel droplets, lower moment of inertia is stronger elongated by the spray induced air flow. For a more detailed understanding of the mixture formation processes, the air-fuel-ratio {lambda} is computed from the quantified TLIEF signals. Therefore the total fluorescence intensity within the spray volume at a time where the vaporization process has been completed is equalized to the known total injected mass. Thus the spatial {lambda}-distribution of gasoline direct injection sprays is known for all observation times and can be further evaluated quantitatively. For data evaluation new methods are developed, which allow quantitative statements with regard to spray homogeneity and inflammability. Thereby it is shown within the current work, that spray geometries which generate large eddies outside and small eddies within the spray homogenize fast and possess a better spray homogeneity. Mixture formation is furthermore studied on a transparent engine with a central mounting position of the injector. Investigated were two engine operation modes: spray guided stratified engine operation mode and supercharged homogeneous engine operation mode, both with adequate annular orifice and multi hole injectors. For quantitative data, the linear vibrational Raman spectroscopy is used as a 1D-measurement technology. Compared to solutions known from the literature, the laser optical setup is improved in such a way that measurements even during and shortly after the injection phase are feasible. In parallel of the 1D measurements, the fuel distribution is visualized with planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF). For mixture formation analysis, many injection and engine parameters are varied. The results from transparent engine and spray vessel are associated with each other and correlated to known emission measurements of a metal engine with the same combustion chamber geometry. In order to assure a reliable inflammation and receive a combustion with low raw emissions in stratified engine operation mode, all injection and engine parameters have to be adjusted individually for each spray geometry. The optima differ depending on the combustion chamber geometry and the spray shape. In supercharged homogeneous engine operation mode it is shown that from a mixture formation point of view there is a conflict of interests between a homogeneous mixture and wall wetting for driven cycles' relevant engine operation points. The results of this work show that an injection spread over the complete intake phase results in a homogeneous mixture with minimum wall and piston wetting. This optimum in mixture formation can only be realized for all operation conditions of a given engine with a reduction in spray penetration and a controllable hydraulic flow rate of the GDI injector. (orig.)

  19. Suur pagu 1944 : lehekülgi "Eesti kroonikast" I-IV / Johannes Äro ; fotod: Holmert; Suurallik; Otto Aaviku kogust; E. Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Äro, Johannes

    1995-01-01

    Eestist põgenemisest, põgenike elust Rootsis, põgenikelaagritest, töökohtade leidmisest, rootslaste suhtumisest põgenikesse, eestlaste kohanemisest Rootsis ja nende majanduslikust ettevõtlusest

  20. Sensorless control of electromagnetic actuators for gas valves in spark ignition engines; Sensorlose Regelung elektromagnetischer Aktuatoren fuer die Betaetigung von Gaswechselventilen im Otto-Motor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butzmann, S.

    2000-07-01

    A method for sensorless control of the impact speed of the armature of electromagnetic actuators is presented and described in great detail. The control algorithm was implemented in a compact electronic control unit for a 4-cylinder, 16-valve engine and was tested both in the laboratory and in a real engine. The method was first presented in September 1999 at the Frankfurt IHH, where it met with great interest. [German] In dieser Arbeit wurde ein Verfahren zur sensorlosen Regelung der Aufsetzgeschwindigkeit des Ankers bei elektromagnetischen Aktuatoren vorgestellt. Um den Anker zwischen den beiden Seiten des Luftspalts zu bewegen, werden zwei Elektromagnete abwechselnd bestromt, die Bewegung wird dabei von zwei Federn unterstuetzt. Fliesst waehrend eines solchen Umschwingvorgangs ein konstanter Strom durch die Spulen, so nimmt waehrend der Annaeherung an die Polflaeche die Magnetkraft mit der Luftspaltlaenge 1/l{sub L}{sup 2} zu, waehrend die entgegengesetzt wirkende Federkraft nur linear mit der Luftspaltlaenge l{sub L} steigt. Dies fuehrt prinzipiell zu einer unerwuenschten Beschleunigung des Ankers am Ende der Bewegung und damit zu einem harten Aufprall, der Laerm erzeugt und die Aktuatorlebensdauer reduziert. Ausgehend vom idealen Verfahren der zeitoptimalen Regelung, welches allerdings hohe Anforderungen an Sensorik und Rechenleistung stellt, wurde ein Algorithmus hergeleitet, welcher die zur Regelung der Aufsetzgeschwindigkeit erforderlichen Signale aus dem Stromverlauf in den Aktuatorspulen ableitet. Das neue Regelverfahren umgeht daher die Probleme, die durch den Einsatz von Sensoren entstehen. Waehrend der Ankerbewegung werden die Spulen zusaetzlich stimuliert, um eine hoehere Observationsgenauigkeit zu erzielen. Durch Adaption zwischen zwei aufeinanderfolgenden Ventilbetaetigungen und Regelung der Bewegung waehrend der Flugphase kann die Aufsetzgeschwindigkeit des Ankers praezise geregelt werden. Gleichzeitig konnte die zur Regelung erforderliche Rechenleistung minimiert und die Robustheit des Verfahrens gegenueber Stoerungen wie z.B. Schwankungen der Versorgungsspannung und des Zylindergegendrucks deutlich erhoeht werden. Der Regelalgorithmus wurde in einer kompakten elektronischen Steuereinheit fuer einen 4-Zylinder/16-Ventil-Motor implementiert und sowohl am Laborteststand als auch am befeuerten Motor getestet. Das Verfahren wurde im September 1999 auf der Internationalen Automobilausstellung in Frankfurt dem Fachpublikum vorgefuehrt und stiess auf grosse Resonanz. (orig./AKF)

  1. Kõik teed viivad pimedatel talveöödel kinodesse! / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde 11. filmifestivali filmiprogrammidest "Päike tõuseb idast", Screen International", "Igapäevane põrgu", "Panoraam" "11 valitud teost", "Foorum". Soovitusi filmivaatamiseks annavad veel Tauno Maripuu ("Minu tädi postmodernistlik elu"), Kristi Eberhart ("Minu vend on ainus laps"), Rain Tolk ("Vaimud")

  2. Ideoloog non grata? / Al Paldrok ; interv. Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paldrok, Al

    1999-01-01

    Academia Non Grata üks asutajaid Al Paldrok oma Pärnusse mineku põhjustest, mõtteid kunstist, kuulsusest, suhtumisest kuulsusesse Academia Non Gratas. Tauno Kangrost ja tema Kalevipoja kujust, Peeter Allikust. Suhtumine kontseptuaalsesse kunsti ja installatsioonidesse Eestis 1980-ndate lõpul.

  3. В галерее SED ARTE открылась выставка "Натюрморт XXI века"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Galeriis SED ARTE avati 6. mail rahvusvaheline kunstinäitus "XXI sajandi natüürmort". Eksponeeritud on 47 kunstniku tööd Eestist, USA-st, Valgevenest, Ukrainast ja Venemaalt. Eestist osalevad Nikolai Kormašov, Olav Maran, Tauno Kangro, Slava Semerikov, Vladimir Anšon, Sergei Inkatov, Sergei Minin ja teised

  4. Põltsamaa saab korraga kaheksa graniidist kuju / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise graniitskulptuuri festivali kahe kuu töö tulemusel kujuneb Põltsamaa Sõpruse park skulptuuripargiks. Tauno Kangro, Art Allmäe, Algirdas Kuzma temaatilistest skulptuuridest. Kohale tulemata jäänud skulptorite taiesed valmistas jooniste põhjal kohalik kiviraidur Madis Roio

  5. Etnomodernne palkmaja = Etno Modern Log House

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Eramu (153 m2) katus on ülestõstetud äärtega ja keskele kaldu. Fassaadiaknad on kitsad, roostemetallist uks on klaasseinas. Arhitektid: Tauno Aadma, Laur Pihel. Projektbüroo: Eensalu & Pihel. Sisearhitekt Aet Piel. Valmis: 2007. 2 plaani, 3 värv. välisvaadet, sisevaade

  6. Kuhu investeerida ettevõtte müügiga teenitud raha? / Peeter Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raidla, Peeter, 1955-

    2008-01-01

    Investor Rain Lõhmus ning ärimehed Elmut Paavel ja Raivo Hein räägivad oma põhimõtetest ja kogemustest ettevõtete müügist laekunud raha paigutamisel. Lisa: Valik viimaste aastate suurtehinguid. Vt. samas: Intervjuu Ambient Sound Investments tegevjuhi Tauno Tatsiga. Skype'i mehed jätkavad innovatiivselt

  7. Rahulolu takistuste kiuste / Annela Laaneots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaneots, Annela

    2007-01-01

    Oma tööst ja eraelust räägivad Laaduri müügidirektor Tauno Steinberg ja Coca-Cola HBC Baltikumi personalijuht Kadi Tartu ning Rika Soopa agentuuridest Royal Service ja Spring Advertising ja rahvusvahelise firma Baltikumi turundusjuht Marija Korolova

  8. Kauge rahva tragöödia : Eesti Päästemeeskond Pakistanis / Mati Raidma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raidma, Mati, 1965-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Päästemeeskonna ehk EDRT (Estonian Disaster Relief Team) missioonist Pakistani maavärina piirkonda 11.-25. oktoobril 2005. a. Kommenteerib meeskonna juht Tauno Suurkivi. Vt. samas: Rivo Salong. Eesti Päästemeeskonna logistikameeskond Pakistanis. Kommenteerib Eesti Päästemeeskonna otsingu-päästerühma juht Gert Teder

  9. Nash otvet Tsereteli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna linnavõimud alustavad tööd Kalevipoja kuju Tallinna lahte püstitamiseks. Skulptuuri autor Tauno Kangro soovitab15 m kõrguse kuju püstitada Lauluväljaku lähedale merre. Insener Paavo Pikandi kommentaarid

  10. Betoonkamakas rannamändide vahel / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2006-01-01

    Omapäraselt karm, ent loodusega kontakti otsiv luksuslik betoonist rannavilla Tallinna lähedal asuvas eramurajoonis. Villale lisavad läbipaistvust nurgapostideta nurgaaknad. Projekteerija: OÜ Eensalu & Pihel. Arhitektid Laur Pihel ja Tauno Aadma. Sisearhitekt Jaak Jõevee. Projekt 2004, valmis 2006. Ill.: I ja II korruse plaan, 4 värv. välis- ja 8 sisevaadet

  11. Mees, kel vägi sees / Märt Kubo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kubo, Märt

    2008-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilm "Kümme isamaa kõnet" Ants Paju initsiatiivist Tauno Kangro skulptuuri "Kalevipoeg kündmas" toomisest Põltsamaa Sõpruse parki : stsenarist ja režissöör Valentin Kuik : operaator Arvo Vilu : produtsent Reet Sokman : F-Seitse OÜ 2006. Artikli lõpus Valentin Kuigi filmograafia

  12. Ooperipäevad Saaremaal (II) / Tiiu Levald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levald, Tiiu, 1940-

    2008-01-01

    21.-27. VII Saaremaa ooperipäevade raames toimunud üritustest - Carmen Tabori lavastatud Aino Kallase ja Tauno Pylkkäneni "Patseba Saaremaal" (esimene osa draama- ja teine ooperilavastus), Gershwini ooperist "Porgy ja Bess" ning 25. VII toimunud galakontserdist

  13. Korsten : tellimata tellised = Chimney : an outside job / Andres Aule

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aule, Andres

    2012-01-01

    Aap Kaur Suvi kavandatud Tallinna linnainstallatsioonide festivali "LIFT11" installatsioonist "Korsten", mis pidi seisnema Tauno Kangro skulptuuri "Lõbus korstnapühkija" ümber ajutise telliskorstna ehitamises. Lift11 jättis selle installatsiooni ära, kuid ootamatult sai "Korsten" kodanikualgatusena 8. IX 2011 teoks

  14. Ants Paju exegi monumentum / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    13. juunist 20. augustini 2004 toimunud graniitskulptuurifestivalist Põltsamaa lähedal Sõpruse pargis. Osales Erland Knudsson Madsen Taanist, Arto Lappalainen Soomest, Sandis Kondratas Lätist, Algirdas Kuzma Leedust, Christos Mondzios Poolast, Tauno Kangro, Are Haljas ja Art Allmägi Eestist

  15. Design criteria for crankshafts - axial slide bearing in Otto and diesel engines by means of computer-based simulations and experimental investigations. Axial slide bearing design - final report; Auslegungskriterien fuer Kurbelwellen - Axialgleitlager in Otto- und Dieselmotoren durch rechnergestuetzte Simulation und experimentelle Untersuchungen. Axialgleitlagerauslegung - Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Backhaus, K. [Univ. GH Kassel (Germany). Inst. fuer Maschinenelemente und Konstruktionstechnik; Hunsicker, W. [Fachhochschule Mannheim (Germany). Inst. fuer Tribologie; Schubert, W. [KS Gleitlager GmbH, St. Leon-Rot (Germany)

    2003-07-01

    In the frame of this research project a simulation program has been developed in order to investigate suspension pressure build-up in crankshaft axial bearings taking into account mixed friction conditions. The investigated system is performing in a dynamic way taking into account the engine dynamics. Based upon the high engineering state of radial slide bearings, axial bearings as well as conical slide faces with any conical angle can be simulated in the same way. The solid body contact share in the system to be investigated is taken into account by the integral effect of the real microscopic surface structure on microhydrodynamics and contact pressure build-up. The influence of individual parameters, as e.g. macro-geometric bearing surface design can be investigated by means of simulation results. Wavy stopping faces and bearing surfaces with Rayleigh-steps are characterised by high hydrodynamic supporting pressure magnitudes in terms of macrogeometry. Elasto-hydrodynamic investigations at one stop collar and under engine-specific load on stop disks of a base bearing show the influence of structure elasticity and prove the necessity to consider them when the individual systems are analysed. (orig.) [German] Im Rahmen des durchgefuehrten Forschungsvorhabens wurde ein Simulationsprogramm zur Untersuchung des Tragdruckaufbaus in Kurbelwellen-Axiallagern unter Beruecksichtigung von Mischreibungszustaenden entwickelt. Das untersuchte System verhaelt sich dabei unter Beruecksichtigung der Motordynamik dynamisch. Ausgehend von dem hohen Entwicklungsstand von Radialgleitlagern koennen Axiallager sowie kegelfoermige Gleitflaechen mit beliebigen Kegelwinkeln in gleicher Weise simuliert werden. Dem hohen Festkoerperkontaktanteil in dem zu untersuchenden System wird durch die Beruecksichtigung der integralen Wirkung der realen mikroskopischen Oberflaechenstruktur auf Mikrohydrodynamik und Kontaktdruckaufbau Rechnung getragen. Anhand von Simulationsergebnissen kann der Einfluss einzelner Parameter, wie der makrogeometrischen Laufflaechengestaltung, untersucht werden. Makrogeometrisch zeichnen sich wellige Anlaufflaechen und Laufflaechen mit Rayleigh-Stufen durch hohe hydrodynamische Tragdruecke aus. Elasto-hydrodynamische Untersuchungen an einem Anlaufbund und unter motorspezifischer Belastung an Anlaufscheiben eines Grundlagers zeigen den Einfluss der Strukturelastizitaet und belegen die Notwendigkeit ihrer Beruecksichtigung bei der Analyse von Einzelsystemen. (orig.)

  16. Conservação pós-colheita de pinhões [sementes de Araucaria angustifolia (Bertoloni Otto Kuntze] armazenados em diferentes temperaturas Postharvest preservation of 'pinhões' [seeds of Araucaria angustifolia (Bertoloni Otto Kuntze] stored at different temperatures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cassandro Vidal Talamini do Amarante

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available O pinhão (semente de Araucaria angustifolia representa importante fonte de renda aos produtores rurais e uma opção a mais de alimento característico a ser oferecido aos turistas e à população em geral na região Sul do Brasil. A temperatura e a umidade de armazenamento são os principais determinantes da preservação pós-colheita de pinhões. Este trabalho objetivou avaliar os efeitos da temperatura de armazenamento nas taxas respiratórias e de evolução de etileno, bem como na perda de massa fresca e na germinação pós-colheita de pinhões destinados para consumo alimentar humano. Seguiu-se o delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado com seis temperaturas de armazenamento (2, 10, 20, 30, 40 e 50°C e quatro repetições, cada repetição correspondendo a amostras contendo cerca de 300g de pinhões. Pinhões armazenados nas diferentes temperaturas não apresentaram produção de etileno (em níveis detectáveis através de cromatografia gasosa, com sensibilidade de 1ppm. A taxa respiratória aumentou substancialmente com o aumento na temperatura, com um Q10 @ 2,5 na faixa de temperatura de 2 a 37,1°C. Houve redução substancial da respiração com o aumento na temperatura de 37,1 para 50°C. A maior germinação dos pinhões foi verificada na temperatura de 20°C (~55% dos pinhões germinados aos 26 dias de armazenamento, reduzindo em temperaturas menores (~1% e 21% de germinação nas temperaturas de 2 e 10°C, respectivamente ou maiores (9% e The seeds ('pinhões' of Brazilian pine (Araucaria angustifolia represent an important sorce of income to the rural comunities and also an additional food product to be offered to the tourists and population in Southern Brazil. Temperature and humidity in the storage environment are the mais factors affecting 'pinhões' postharvest preservation. This work was carried out to evaluate the effects of storage temperature on postharvest respiration and ethylene production, as well as on fresh mass loss and germination of 'pinhões' intended for human consumption. The experiment followed a completely randomized design with six storage temperatures (2, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50°C and four replicates, each replicate with about 300g of 'pinhões'. 'Pinhões' stored at the different temperatures did not exhibit ethylene production (at levels detectable by gas chromatography, with a sensibility of 1ppm. The respiratory rates increased substancialy in the range from 2°C to 37.1°C, with a Q10 @ 2.5. The respiration decreased substantialy by increasing the temperature from 37.1°C to 50°C. The higher germination rate was achieved for 'pinhões' stored at 20°C (~55% germination after 26 days storage. The germination reduced for 'pinhões' stored at temperatures lower (~1% and 21% of germination for 'pinhões' left at 2 and 10°C, respectively or higher (9% and <1% of germination for 'pinhões' left at 30°C and 40-50°C, respectively than 20°C. These results show the importance of 'pinhões' storage at temperatures close to 0°C to reduce the metabolic ativity, especially the respiration, and, therefore, to preserve the product quality and to reduce fresh mass loss and seed germination.

  17. Life after Death

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2019-01-01

    Ethnographic film Directed by Ton Otto and Christian Suhr Edited by Gary Kildea Baluan Island, Papua New Guinea......Ethnographic film Directed by Ton Otto and Christian Suhr Edited by Gary Kildea Baluan Island, Papua New Guinea...

  18. Teater

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    16. nov. esietendub Rahvusraamatukogu teatrisaalis VAT Teatri lavastus F. Molnari "Pa-tänava poistest", lavastaja A. Toikka, lava- ja muusikakujunduse tegi K. Jancis ; 13. nov. tähistab Eesti Riikliku Nukuteatri rajaja ja pikaaegne juht F. Veike 80. sünnipäeva. Juubilari auks esietendub A. Dvinjaninovi lavastus "Nukitsamees". Juubelipeo käigus saab viimase lihvi Eesti Nukuteatri kingitus, Tauno Kangro pronksist bareljeef onu Ferdinandist ja puunukk Buratinost

  19. Uued koolid 2006 / Karen Jagodin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jagodin, Karen, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    Viimsi kool (arhitektid Illimar Truverk, Raul Järg, Priit Pent, Eero Endjärv; sisearhitektid Kristi Lents, Hannelore Pihlak), Rakvere eragümnaasiumi algklasside maja (arhitektid Laur Pihel, Tauno Aadma), Tallinna Rahumäe põhikool (arhitektid Maaja Nummert, Triinu Nurmik), Tabasalu Ühisgümnaasium (arhitekt Veljo Kaasik), Jüri gümnaasium (arhitekt Katrin Tomberg Tohter)

  20. Skype'i loojad : teeme, mida tahame! / interv. Kristjan Otsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Skype'i loojad Jaan Tallinn, Toivo Annust, Ahti Heinla ja Priit Kasesalu, kes on koondunud investeerimisfirmasse Ambient Sound Investments, ning firma tegevjuht Tauno Tats vastavad küsimustele, mis puudutavad nende raha investeerimist. A. Heinla sõnul ei ole nende investeerimise eesmärk teenida üha rohkem raha, sisuline eesmärk on investeerida tehnoloogiasse, edendada tehnoloogiat kogu maailmas. Kommenteerivad Allan Martinson ja Jüri Kaljundi

  1. Palkmaja - moodsalt minimalistlik / Jana Rand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rand, Jana, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Firma United Logs palkmaja seeriast P.A.L.Kdisain Neeme külas Harjumaal. Arhitektid Laur Pihel ja Tauno Aedma. Sisearhitekt Aet Piel. Maritsa Luki tekstiilid on inspireeritud Ruhnu mustritest. Katus on ülespoole käänatud servadega. Välisuks ja trepi metallist osad on roostetanud terasest. Firma United Logs omaniku Jens Rajaste kommentaar. Põhiplaan, 4 värv. välis- ja 6 sisevaadet.

  2. The Inevitability of Sleep: Using Manet's Last Paintings to Envision a Pedagogy of Loss and Mourning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otto, Stacy

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author offers Manet's last paintings as metaphors for a bygone, psychically healthy conception of loss and mourning, what is called the pre-Freudian, Victorian notion of loss (Otto 2008), which contrasts with the post-Freudian, Modern notion of loss and mourning (Otto 2008). Otto argues this liminal, transitional moment…

  3. 40 CFR 86.004-28 - Compliance with emission standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...”). (iii)(A) Paragraphs (c)(4)(iii)(A) (1) and (2) of this section apply to Otto-cycle HDEs. (1) Otto-cycle HDEs not utilizing aftertreatment technology (e.g., catalytic converters). For transient NMHC (NMHCE... paragraph. (2) Otto-cycle HDEs utilizing aftertreatment technology (e.g., catalytic converters). For...

  4. Energy storage and release of prosthetic feet. Part 1: biomechanical analysis related to user benefits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Postema, K.; Hermens, Hermanus J.; de Vries, J.; de Vries, J.; Koopman, Hubertus F.J.M.; Eisma, W.H.

    1997-01-01

    The energy storing and releasing behaviour of 2 energy storing feet (ESF) and 2 conventional prosthetic feet (CF) were compared (ESF: Otto Bock Dynamic Pro and Hanger Quantum; CF: Otto Bock Multi Axial and Otto Bock Lager). Ten trans-tibial amputees were selected. The study was designed as a

  5. Establishing design criteria for crankshaft thrust bearings in gasoline and diesel engines by computer simulations and experiments. Crankshaft thrust bearing design - final report; Auslegungskriterien fuer Kurbelwellenaxiallager in Otto- und Dieselmotoren durch rechnergestuetzte Simulation und experimentelle Untersuchungen. Axialgleitlagerauslegung - Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hunsicker, W. [Fachhochschule Mannheim (Germany). Inst. fuer Tribologie; Backhaus, K. [Univ. GH Kassel (Germany). Inst. fuer Maschinenelemente und Konstruktionstechnik; Schubert, W. [KS Gleitlager GmbH, Papenburg (Germany)

    2004-07-01

    Aim of the research-project was it to increase the calculation safety of crank shaft thrust bearings in combustion engines. The project was divided in two parts: (1) A simulation program to analyze the load bearing capacity of axial bearings under mixed lubrication has been developed at the Institut fuer Maschinenelemente und Konstruktionstechnik, University of Kassel. This part of the research-project has been presented at the FVV Herbsttagung in 2003. (2) The test runs with original parts were carried out on a newly designed thrust bearing test rig at the Institut fuer Tribologie, University of Applied Sciences in Mannheim. The following presentation shows the results of part 2. The experimental results show the influence of rotational frequency, load, bearing material, lateral run-out of the tread of the crankshaft and groove pattern. These test runs will help to dimension thrust bearings more efficiently. (orig.)

  6. A Linguist's life. An English translation of Otto Jespersen' autobiography with notes, photos and a bibliography. EDited by Arne Juul, Hans F. Nielsen, Jørgen Erik Nielsen. Odense university press; Odense 1995

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunver Skytte

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available È un tratto positivo della linguistica di oggi l'interesse rinnovato per la storia della linguistica e per i grandi classici della linguistica, molti dei quali sono oggetto di un vero revival scientifico. Basti ricordare ii caso di Lucien Tesnière, le cui teorie oggi sono fonte di  ricca  ispirazione,  come testimonia  ii  volume  Linguistica XXX IV, I . M élanges Lucien Tesnière, Ljubljana 1994.

  7. Auf den Spuren des verschollenen Polarforschers Baron Eduard Toll und seines Freundes Hermann Walter auf der Kotelny-Insel / Erki Tammiksaar, Roland Walter, Hans-Otto von Walter... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammiksaar, Erki, 1969-

    2011-01-01

    Baltisakslaste koostööst kuulsa vene polaaruurija Dmitri Šparoga seoses baltisaksa polaaruurija Hermann Walteri säilmete ringimatmisega Kotelnõi saarel. Hermann Walter osales Eduard von Tolli Sannikovi maa otsimise ekspeditsioonis. Hermann Walteri põhjalik iseloomustus

  8. Estudo da emissão da frota de veículos diesel e ciclo Otto, sem conversores catalíticos, nos municípios de Sorocaba e Votorantim

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Carlos Seidl Oliveira

    2009-01-01

    Este trabalho avalia por meio de um IEV - Inventário de Emissão Veicular, a contribuição dos veículos automotores na poluição do ar, nos municípios de Sorocaba e Votorantim, dando ênfase às suas características de frota e posição geográfica, seus impactos, quantificação e qualificação de emissão de poluentes, através de experimentos com a utilização de diesel metropolitano - B2 e biodiesel - B100 (soja), como combustível nos veículos equipados com motores de ignição por compressão (motor dies...

  9. Community government for minority groups – revisiting the ideas of Bauer and Renner towards developing a model of self-government by minority groups under public law / Bertus de Villiers

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    de Villiers, Bertus

    2016-01-01

    Vähemusrahvuste iseseisvuse ja (kollektiivsete) õiguste kaitsest; austria poliitikute, jurist Karl Renneri (1870–1950) ja filosoof Otto Baueri (1881–1938) iseseisva rahvuse ja kultuurautonoomia kontseptsioonist

  10. Silmakirjalik aastasada / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2006-01-01

    Tutvustus: Hyvärinen, Pekka. Soome mees : Urho Kekkose elu / tlk. Tauno Vahter. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2006 ; Tuchman, Barbara W. Augustikahurid / tlk. Armand Tungal ja Tõnis Värnik. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Ernesaks, Viive. Viiv. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Kiik, Heino. Leida ennast : 1954-1963. Viies raamat. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2006 ; Lotman, Juri. Vestlusi vene kultuurist : Vene aadli argielu ja traditsioonid 18. sajandil ja 19. sajandi algul. 2 / [tõlkinud Kajar Pruul]. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2006 ; Lotman, Mihhail. Pistriku talvekarje : esseid Joseph Brodsky poeetikast ja surmast. Tallinn : Varrak, 2005

  11. Ailar Holzmann : "Meile on oluline, et õnnetusi ei juhtuks" / Ailar Holzmann ; interv. Gerli Romanovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Holzmann, Ailar

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 6. mai lk. 3. Jaanuarikuust Ida-Eesti päästekeskust juhtima asunud Ailar Holzmann tunnistab, et inimesed lahkuvad töölt madala palga tõttu. Kokku on Virumaal päästealal vajaka 130 töötajat. Arvamust avaldavad päästeameti peadirektor Mati Raidma ja Ida-Eesti päästekeskuse päästetöödeteenistuse juht Tauno Suurkivi

  12. Denver Public Library Western History/Genealogy Digital Collections

    Science.gov (United States)

    box. Results will be a list of records that contain those words anywhere in the record. Refine your Henry Jackson Photos William Henry Jackson: American West Mining Photos Mining Louis Charles McClure Photos Louis Charles McClure: Colorado Otto Perry Photos Otto Perry: Railroads Robert W. Richardson

  13. Is our economic model compatible with sustainable development?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Røpke, Inge

    2003-01-01

    The paper concerns the contradictions between sustainability and the present economic growth model. The discussion relates to the work of Jan Otto Andersson.......The paper concerns the contradictions between sustainability and the present economic growth model. The discussion relates to the work of Jan Otto Andersson....

  14. 40 CFR 86.004-25 - Maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... recirculation system related filters and coolers. (iv) For otto-cycle light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and otto-cycle heavy-duty engines, the adjustment, cleaning, repair, or replacement of the oxygen sensor... sensors (except oxygen sensor) and actuators. (E) Evaporative emission canister. (F) Turbochargers. (G...

  15. 40 CFR 86.1434 - Equipment preparation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... New Gasoline-Fueled Otto-Cycle Light-Duty Vehicles and New Gasoline-Fueled Otto-Cycle Light-Duty... ensure, for all test and production vehicles and engines, that the rpm signal is capable of being read by...

  16. 23. IX korraldab Vaala galerii kunstioksjoni "Väliseesti eri"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Oksjonil on esindatud Eerik Haamer, Jaan Grünberg, Arno Vihalemm, Eduard Wiiralt, Ruth Tulving, Endel Kõks, Harald Jürissaar, Otto Paas, Ville Tops, Otto Puusta. Töödega saab tutvuda alates 18. IX, traditsiooniline sügisoksjon toimub 18. XI

  17. 40 CFR 86.1432 - Vehicle preparation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Vehicle preparation. 86.1432 Section...) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES (CONTINUED) Emission Regulations for New Gasoline-Fueled Otto-Cycle Light-Duty Vehicles and New Gasoline-Fueled Otto-Cycle Light-Duty...

  18. The Holy as an Epistemic Category and a Political Tool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Esther Oluffa

    2008-01-01

    and as an artificial weapon in the service of modern politics. Cassirer's concept of myth is analyzed regarding a primary source of inspiration from the German theologian Rudolf Otto. It is shown how Cassirer can make use of Otto's phenomenological description of the transcendent experience of the holy....

  19. Determinación de la influencia en emisiones contaminantes, torque, potencia y consumo de combustible de un vehículo con motor ciclo Otto, de inyección electrónica de gasolina, mediante la variación de 6 tipos de bujías.

    OpenAIRE

    Serpa Andrade, Gabriel Fabián; Zumba Tenezaca, Xavier Alex

    2016-01-01

    La altitud ejerce efectos en la presión y temperatura atmosférica, y por ende en la concentración de oxígeno en el aire. La altitud disminuye la potencia indicada, y por lo tanto la potencia efectiva; además de incrementar el consumo específico de combustible. La investigación se enfoca en determinar la influencia en emisiones contaminantes, torque, potencia y consumo especifico de combustible del vehículo de mayor demanda en la ciudad de Cuenca (Chevrolet Grand Vitara 2.0L), mediante la vari...

  20. Probabilities of filaments in a Poissonian distribution of points -I

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Betancort-Rijo, J.

    1989-01-01

    Statistical techniques are devised to assess the likelihood of a Poisson sample of points in two and three dimensions, containing specific filamentary structures. For that purpose, the expression of Otto et al (1986. Astrophys. J., 304) for the probability density of clumps in a Poissonian distribution of points is generalized for any value of the density contrast. A way of counting filaments differing from that of Otto et al. is proposed, because at low density contrast the filaments counted by Otto et al. are distributed in a clumpy fashion, each clump of filaments corresponding to a distinct observed filament. (author)

  1. Mode-Selective Amplification in a Large Mode Area Yb-Doped Fiber Using a Photonic Lantern

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-15

    Montoya , C. Aleshire, C. Hwang, N. K. Fontaine, A. Velázquez- Benítez, D. H . Martz, T. Y. Fan, and D. Ripin, Opt. Express 24, 3405 (2016). 23. A. M...Stutzki, F. Jansen, H . J. Otto, O. Schmidt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 19, 13218 (2011). 6. C. Jauregui, H . J. Otto, F...Express 21, 1944 (2013). 8. A. Smith and J. Smith, Opt. Express 19, 10180 (2011). 9. H . J. Otto, C. Jauregui, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, J. Limpert, and A

  2. Nutrients, salinity, chemical, and temperature data were collected using bottle and CTD casts in the Norwegian Sea from 19 September 1959 to 23 October 1995 (NODC Accession 0000299)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Nutrients, salinity, chemical, and temperature data were collected from the PROFESSOR MULTANOVSKYI, AKADEMIK SHULEYKIN, IVAN PETROV, and OTTO SCHMIDT from September...

  3. Lise Meitner

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-01-01

    This paper is a collection of articles concerning the biography of Lise Meitner with special regards to her cooperation with Otto Hahn in the discovery of nuclear fission, whereby the role of women in science, especially physics, are considered. (HSI)

  4. Merimetsas uuriti moekunsti ravitoimet / Anne Vetik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vetik, Anne

    2006-01-01

    Merimetsa Tugikeskuse erivajadustega kliendid valmistasid rahvusvahelise disainiprojekti raames rõivaid. Tehtud fotodest pannakse kokku moeteraapiat tutvustav näitus. Eestvedajaks kunstnik Sirja-Liisa Vahtra, Pariisis elav fotograaf Diana Lui ja rootsi disainer Otto von Busch

  5. Keisri madrusest impeeriumi esivedurijuhiks / Lui Pikkov ; kommenteerinud Hans Treimann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikkov, Lui, 1935-2008

    2009-01-01

    Lui Pikkov oma onust Otto Piksarist (Pikkov), kes sündis Raplamaal Saunakülas, oli madruseks Nikolai II jahtlaeval Poljarnaja Zvezda, töötas vedurijuhina Eestis, oli Eesti NSV Ülemnõukogu saadik

  6. Kunstnik ja tema kodu : Carl Timoleon von Neff Piira ja Muuga mõisas / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Ateljeedest Euroopas alates 15. sajandist ja Eestis alates 19. sajandist. Pikemalt Julius Kleveri ja Otto Moelleri ateljeest. Maalikunstnik Carl Timoleon von Neffi elust ja loomingust, kunsti kollektsioneerimisest. Piira ja Muuga mõisahoonest, plaanid, sise- ja välisvaated

  7. 40 CFR 86.1725-01 - Allowable maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Trucks § 86.1725-01 Allowable maintenance. This section includes text that specifies requirements that... this subpart, with the following additions: (a) Hybrid electric vehicles that use Otto-cycle or diesel...

  8. 40 CFR 86.118-00 - Dynamometer calibrations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 1977 and Later Model Year New Light-Duty Vehicles and New Light-Duty Trucks and New Otto-Cycle Complete... required. (b) For large single roll electric dynamometers or equivalent dynamometer configurations, the...

  9. Pop / Mart Juur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juur, Mart, 1964-

    2003-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Umblu Records presents "Back In THe ESSR From the archives of Eesti Raadio 1966-1982", Stylophonic "Man Music Technology", Otto Von Schirach "Chopped Zombie Fungus", Project UNISON Projekt "Segaja / Jammer", Turin Brakes "Ether Song"

  10. TiSSA eelkonverents doktorantidele Tallinnas / Koidu Saame

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saame, Koidu

    2010-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikoolis toimunud TiSSA doktorantide eelkonverentsist 22.-24. aug. 2010.a. Doktorantide ettekannetest. Esinesid: Hans-Uwe Otto, Andriy Yuryev, Tiina Naarits, Ivar Tröner, Koidu Saame, Maija Jäppinen, Janissa Miettinen

  11. Geschichtswissenschaftliche Perspektiven der Frühneuzeitforschung

    OpenAIRE

    Burkhardt, Johannes

    2010-01-01

    Geschichtswissenschaftliche Perspektiven der Frühneuzeitforschung. - In: Macht und Recht / Ulrich Lappenküper ... (Hrsg.). - Paderborn u.a. : Schöningh, 2010. - S. 33-51. - (Otto-von-Bismarck-Stiftung: Wissenschaftliche Reihe ; 13)

  12. Waiting for the ice to thaw

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jager, W.; Schroeder, E.

    1976-01-01

    The prospects for the economical operation of nuclear ships is discussed. The basis for this is the hitherto successful operation of the 'Otto Hahn'. Planning aims at a 80,000 shp container ship. (UA) [de

  13. Väärtuslikke lisandusi Balti kultuuriloole / Indrek Jürjo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürjo, Indrek, 1956-2009

    2006-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Buch und Bildung im Baltikum : Festschrift für Paul Kaegbein zum 80. Geburtstag / Heinrich Bosse, Otto-Heinrich Elias, Robert Schweitzer (Hg.). Münster : LIT Verlag, 2005. (Schriften der Baltischen historischen Kommission ; Bd. 13)

  14. Consultancy in the development of coal deposits all over the world

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gold, R.; Schiebel, W.

    1977-04-01

    Dr. Otto Gold, Consulting Engineers, Cologne, are working as consultants in the area of prospecting, exploration and development of lignite deposits. Some projects successfully carried out are reported on, being an example for other consulting projects on the coal sector.

  15. Mitral valve surgery - open

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Taking warfarin (Coumadin) References Otto CM, Bonow RO. Valvular heart disease. In: Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, Bonow ... A.M. Editorial team. Heart Surgery Read more Heart Valve Diseases Read more Mitral Valve Prolapse Read more A. ...

  16. Pulmonary valve stenosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... surgery - discharge Images Heart valves References Carabello BA. Valvular heart disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil ... Saunders; 2016:chap 69. Otto CM, Bownow RO. Valvular heart disease. In: Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, Bonow ...

  17. Disease: H00537 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1007/s00431-011-1553-z ... PMID:20652329 (gene) ... AUTHORS ... Wolf MT, Hildebrandt F ... TITLE ... Nephronophthisis...ow K, Andersen JS, Shlomai J, Nurnberg G, Nurnberg P, Levy S, Smogorzewska A, Otto EA, Hildebrandt

  18. Wolfgang Pauli at the 6th meeting of the Nobel Prize laureates

    CERN Multimedia

    Franz Thorbecke, Lindau

    1956-01-01

    From left to right : ?, Max Born, Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt, ?, Otto Hahn, Wolfgang Pauli, Franca Pauli, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Isidor Isaac Rabi, and Leopold Ruzicka

  19. Balti kirjandusloo katse / Ants Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oras, Ants, 1900-1982

    2009-01-01

    Arvustus: Grundriss einer Geschichte der baltischen Dichtung / herausgegeben von Arthur Behrsing; unter Mitarbeit von André Favre, Otto Greifenhagen und Arthur Knüpffer. Leipzig : Institut für Auslandskunde, Grenz- und Auslanddeutschtum, 1928

  20. Lise Meitner; Lise Meitner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-11-15

    This paper is a collection of articles concerning the biography of Lise Meitner with special regards to her cooperation with Otto Hahn in the discovery of nuclear fission, whereby the role of women in science, especially physics, are considered. (HSI)

  1. Journey to the Center of Icy Moons

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — In Jules Verne's classic science fiction, Journey to the Center of the Earth, Professor Otto Lidenbrock and his company descend into an Icelandic volcano to explore...

  2. Sõrmuste emandad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Naisnäitlejad Liv Tyler, Miranda Otto ja Cate Blanchett Peter Jacksoni lavastatud filmides J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring"

  3. Raymond Pettibon, Ameerika, Eesti / Andreas Trossek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trossek, Andreas, 1980-

    2011-01-01

    Ameerika iseõppinud nüüdiskunstniku loomingust - tekstiga joonistused, videokunst, installatsioonikunst. Osales Tallinna XV graafikatriennaalil. Kunstniku ema Õie Peters põgenes sõja eest Saksamaale, onu Otto Peters (1919-) oli "soomepoiss"

  4. Eile avati Rotermanni soolalaos...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    IV Põhja- ja Baltimaade arhitektuuritriennaal "Vaba kulg", mis on keskendunud looja vabadusele ja loenguprogramm 16.-18. sept. Rahvusvaheliselt tuntud arhitektuuriteoreetikuid triennaalil ئ Frei Otto Saksamaalt ja Hani Rashid USAst

  5. Vabalt kulgenud arhitektuuritriennaal / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    1999-01-01

    IV Põhja- ja Baltimaade arhitektuuritriennaal "Vaba kulg. Free Way" Rotermanni soolalaos. Hani Rashidi, rühmituse Ocean, Jan Olov Jenseni, Urmas Muru, Gert B. Wingõrdhi, Frei Otto, Ilja Lezhava, Tapio Periäineni ettekannetest.

  6. Uuenenud linnaruum Kopenhaageni näitel / Tiina Tammer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammer, Tiina, 1960-

    1998-01-01

    Kopenhaageni väljakute ئ Rõdhuspladsen, Gammeltorv/Nytorv, Amagertorv, Otto Maensteds Plads, Jarmers Plads ئ kujundusest. Näitus 'Kopenhaagen ئ järjepidevuse kontseptsioonid' Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis Rotermanni soolalaos

  7. Bolí mne hlava a začínám mít hlad. [Kresby Otty Gutfreunda

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Winter, Tomáš

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 2, č. 31 (2006), s. 11 ISSN 1801-4542 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80330511 Keywords : Otto Gutfreund * Czech art of 20th century * drawings Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  8. 40 CFR 86.1312-88 - Weighing chamber and microgram balance specifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) Emission Regulations for New Otto-Cycle and Diesel Heavy-Duty Engines; Gaseous and Particulate... permit humidity exchange) petri dishes. These reference filter pairs shall be placed in the same general...

  9. 40 CFR 86.1339-90 - Particulate filter handling and weighing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) Emission Regulations for New Otto-Cycle and Diesel Heavy-Duty Engines; Gaseous and Particulate... humidity exchange) petri dish and place in a weighing chamber meeting the specifications of § 86.1312 for...

  10. Research value of 19th and 20th centuries unpublished diaries of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    mpho ngoepe

    Berlin missionary stock who taught at Unisa from 1958 to 1972. Over the ... 3.2 Otto Posselt's Diary (1877-1884) & Carl Kadach's Diary (1877-1898). In 1962 .... forecast which he delivered at the Transvaal Missionary Association Conference.

  11. Nende kõrgeaususte kirjad on avaldatud : [intervjuu] / Eva Aaver, Heli Laanekask ; üles kirjut. Juhani Püttsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aaver, Eva, 1925-2008

    1998-01-01

    Riigi teaduspreemia humanitaarteaduste vallas said Eva Aaver, Heli Laanekask, Abel Nagelmaa ja Leo Anvelt (postuumselt) publikatsiooni 'Otto Wilhelm Masingu kirjad Johann Heinrich Rosenplänterile. 1814-1832'

  12. Soola! / Kaire Nurk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurk, Kaire, 1960-

    2004-01-01

    Viini aktsionistid (Hermann Nitsch, Günther Brus, Otto Mühl, Rudolf Schwartzkogler). 2. III avati Viini tarbekunstimuuseumis O. Mühli retrospektiiv "Minu elu kui kunstiteos". Alates 16. X 2003 on Klosterneuburgis Sammlung Esslis H. Nitschi retrospektiiv

  13. Name them and remember : Commemorating communism's victims / Edward Lucas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lucas, Edward

    2007-01-01

    Kommunismiohvrite mälestamisest. Autor viitab ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese ettepanekule rajada memoriaal Eesti kommunismiohvritele. T.H. Ilves kõneles sellest taas seoses 1944. a. septembris Eestit valitsenud Otto Tiefi valitsuse liikmete mälestamisega

  14. <300> GeV team

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN PhotoLab

    1971-01-01

    The 300 GeV team had been assembled. In the photograph are Hans Horisberger, Clemens Zettler, Roy Billinge, Norman Blackburne, John Adams, Hans-Otto Wuster, Lars Persson, Bas de Raad, Hans Goebel, Simon Van der Meer.

  15. Fiktionens sandhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rösing, Lilian Munk

    2009-01-01

    Om forholdet mellem sandhed og skønlitterær fiktion med Imre Kertész, Dorrit Cohn, Felman & Laub, Adriana Cavarero, Jacques Rancières og Hans Otto Jørgensen som referencer  ......Om forholdet mellem sandhed og skønlitterær fiktion med Imre Kertész, Dorrit Cohn, Felman & Laub, Adriana Cavarero, Jacques Rancières og Hans Otto Jørgensen som referencer  ...

  16. Preliminary design study of pebble bed reactor HTR-PM base using once-through-then-out fuel recirculation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Topan Setiadipura; Jupiter S Pane; Zuhair

    2016-01-01

    Pebble Bed Reactor (PBR) is one of the advanced reactor type implementing strong passive safety feature. In this type of design has the potential to do a cogeneration useful for the treatment of various minerals in various islands in Indonesia. The operation of the PBR can be simplified by implementing once-through-then-out (OTTO) fuel recirculation scheme in which pebble fuel only pass the core once time. The purpose of this research is to understand quantitative influence of the changing of fuel element recirculation on the PBR core performance and to find preliminary optimization design of PBR type reactor with OTTO recirculation scheme. PEBBED software was used to find PBR equilibrium core. The calculation result gives quantitative data on the impact of implementing a different fuel recirculation, especially using OTTO scheme. Furthermore, an early optimized PBR design based on HTR-PM using OTTO scheme was obtained where the power must be downgraded into 115 MWt in order to preserve the safety feature. The simplicity of the reactor operation and the reduction of reactor component with OTTO scheme still make this early optimized design an interesting alternative design, despite its power reduction from the reference design. (author)

  17. An Inconvenient History: the Nuclear-Fission Display in the Deutsches Museum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sime, Ruth Lewin

    2010-06-01

    One of the longstanding attractions of the Deutsches Museum in Munich, Germany, has been its display of the apparatus associated with the discovery of nuclear fission. Although the discovery involved three scientists, Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner, and Fritz Strassmann, the fission display was designated for over 30 years as the Arbeitstisch von Otto Hahn (Otto Hahn’s Worktable), with Strassmann mentioned peripherally and Meitner not at all, and it was not until the early 1990s that the display was revised to include all three codiscoverers more equitably. I examine the creation of the fission display in the context of the postwar German culture of silencing the National Socialist past, and trace the eventual transformation of the display into a contemporary exhibit that more accurately represents the scientific history of the fission discovery.

  18. Multi-Locality Based Local and Symbiotic Computing for Interactively fast On-Demand Weather Forecasting for Small Regions, Short Durations, and Very High-Resolutions

    OpenAIRE

    Fjukstad, Bård

    2014-01-01

    Papers 1, 3 and 4 are not available in Munin: 1: Bård Fjukstad, Tor-Magne Stien Hagen, Daniel Stødle, Phuong Hoai Ha, John Markus Bjørndalen, and Otto Anshus: ‘Interactive Weather Simulation and Visualization on a Display Wall with Many-Core Compute Nodes’, in K. Jónasson (ed.): PARA 2010, Part I, LNCS 7133, pp. 142–151, 2012, © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 3: Bård Fjukstad, John Markus Bjørndalen and Otto Anshus: ‘Accurate Weather Forecasting Through Locality Based Collaborative Computi...

  19. Port entry of nuclear ships differences, procedures and conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McMichael, D.; Bianchi, H.

    1978-01-01

    There are about 250 nuclear propelled ships, only 2 of them are merchant ships: the US freighter Savannah and the bulk carrier Otto Hahn of the Federal Republic of Germany. This paper is restricted to the experience with both of these ships, showing partly similar and partly different procedures for port entry. They have called at 107 ports in 40 countries. The Savannah was operated in the periods from 1962 - 1971 and the Otto Hahn is still in operation. The endeavours of the OECD and IMCO to review and to harmonize international rules for nuclear merchant ships should be supported and continued

  20. Jacob Stael von Holstein ja palladionism eesti arhitektuuris / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Sõjaväeinsenerist ja arhitektist Jacob Stael von Holsteinist (1628, Pärnu-1679), tema kavandatud hoonetest ja rollist 17. sajandi II poole arhitektuuris. Fabian von Ferseni Toompeal Lossiplatsil asunud elamust (lammutati 1894) ja Maardu mõisahoonest, Hans von Ferseni Mäo mõisahoonest Järvamaal, Otto Wilhelm von Ferseni majast Toompeal, Axel von Roseni majast Tallinnas Pikk t. 28 (1670-74), Otto Reinhold von Taube majast Tartus (hävinud), J. S. von Holsteini enda hoonetest: majast Tallinnas Toompea 1, Anija mõisahoonest, elamust Riias jm. Bibliograafia lk. 452

  1. Loads on pebble bed fuel elements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teuchert, E.; Maly, V.

    1974-03-15

    A comparison is made of key parameters for multi-recycle pebbles and single-pass once-through (OTTO) pebbles. The parameters analyzed include heat transfer characteristics with burn-up, temperature profiles, power per element as a function of axial position in the core, and burn-up. For the OTTO-scheme, the comparisons addressed the use of the conventional fuel element and the advanced "shell ball" designed to reduce the peak fuel temperature in the center of the fuel element. All studies addressed the uranium-thorium fuel cycle.

  2. Methanator fueled engines for pollution control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cagliostro, D. E.; Winkler, E. L.

    1973-01-01

    A methanator fueled Otto-cycle engine is compared with other methods proposed to control pollution due to automobile exhaust emissions. The comparison is made with respect to state of development, emission factors, capital cost, operational and maintenance costs, performance, operational limitations, and impact on the automotive industries. The methanator fueled Otto-cycle engine is projected to meet 1975 emission standards and operate at a lower relative total cost compared to the catalytic muffler system and to have low impact. Additional study is required for system development.

  3. 40 years of nuclear fission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koch, H.

    1979-01-01

    On the occasion of both the 100th birthday of the discoverer of nuclear fission, Otto Hahn, and the 40th anniversary of this outstanding scientific discovery the historical development is described, which led to nuclear fission. Aspects of scientific life in Berlin and in the whole world at that time are presented, and relations between scientists are characterized by quotations. In particular, stress is laid on the life and activities of Otto Hahn as a human being and as a scientist, and his outstanding scientific achievements are appreciated. (author)

  4. vongEterm re™ords of erosion—l ™h—nge from m—rine ferrom ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The "Be/°Be- calibrated time series for crusts are compared to estimates based on Co-contents, from which the ..... changes in the pathways of water masses may be recon-. °Be ratios ..... Nelson H F, Otto J B and Waite L E 1985 Construction of.

  5. Two African Saints in Medieval Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimm, Reinhold

    1992-01-01

    The origin and development of two African saints are discussed: Saint Maurice, patron saint of the eastern empire of Otto I; and Caspar, the youngest of the three Magi. Their representation in German art is described and illustrated. (Author/LB)

  6. From the Cotton Fields to the Ties That Bind: Jim Pusack's Enduring Impact on Today's CALL Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Linda C.

    2010-01-01

    From 1981 to today, the encouragement Jim Pusack and his colleague Sue Otto gave faculty to develop and/or implement CALL into the curriculum has been vital to our L2 teaching evolution. This article describes how their efforts evolved over the last two and a half decades and the ties that bind their efforts with today's CALL development.

  7. 50 years of nuclear fission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hilscher, D.

    1989-01-01

    The article tells the story of the discovery of nuclear fission in Berlin 50 years ago by Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann in cooperation with Lise Meitner. 50 years later nuclear fission is still a subject of research. Some question remain unanswered. Selected new research results are used to discuss the dynamics of the collective movement of the elementary nuclear fission process. (orig.) [de

  8. Isaiah 1:2−3, ethics and wisdom. Isaiah 1:2–3 and the Song of Moses

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    2011-06-07

    Jun 7, 2011 ... The legal collections in the Torah form one of the pillars of a study of the ethics of the HB ... in the book of Proverbs 10–29, derives its ethical rules and regulations ..... 84−97, Harvard University Press, Cambridge. Otto, E., 2006 ...

  9. On the discovery of K I 7699 Å line strength variation during the 1982-1984 eclipse of ε Aurigae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parthasarathy, M.

    2017-02-01

    The discovery of K I 7699 Å line strength variations during the 1982-1984 eclipse of ε Aurigae is described. The equivalent widths and radial velocities of the K I 7699 Å line derived from spectra obtained during 1981 November-1983 July with the 2.1 m Otto Struve reflector telescope of the McDonald observatory are presented.

  10. Mälestused minu elust / Ferdinand Johann Wiedemann ; tõlk. Kalev Jaago

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wiedemann, Ferdinand Johann

    2000-01-01

    Järg Sep/21;23;26;28;30 Oct/3;5;7;10;12;14 Ferdinand Johann Wiedemanni (1805-1887) mälestuste saksakeelne algkäsikiri aastast 1878 asub Eesti Ajaloomuuseumis Otto Greifenhageni fondis nr. 65, säilik 6. Kommentaar: Kalev Jaago

  11. Status report on compact gasifier cogeneration units in Germany. Applications of the cogeneration gasifier technology; Stand kleintechnischer Vergaser-BHKW-Anlagen in Deutschland. Einsatz der BHKW-Vergasertechnologie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zschunke, Tobias; Schuessler, Ingmar; Salomo, Bert [Hochschule Zittau/Goerlitz (Germany); Braekow, Dieter [Foerdergesellschaft Erneuerbare Energien e.V., Berlin (Germany); Treppe, Konrad [Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany). Inst. fuer Verfahrenstechnik und Umwelttechnik

    2010-07-01

    In contrast to biogas, the use of solid biomass with low water content in cogeneration units is lagging several years of development behind. A promising variant is a wood gas engine cogeneration unit. Different energy sources can be combined, e.g. in an Otto engine and a Stirling engine. The authors describe the technology for compact systems. (orig.)

  12. Discourses of the I: The Panic of Identity in Edward Albee’s Me, Myself and I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prohászka-Rád Boróka

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available “Hello, there! My name is OTTO. [...] I want to make trouble because I want to make things even more complicated than they are around here, and then maybe I can get out of this whole mess – this family and everything. Let’s see: my name is OTTO. I have an identical twin brother. I’m trying to get rid of him, rid of all of them – but it’s not easy: you know how twins are; well, maybe you don’t” – OTTO, one of the identical twin brothers (both named Otto of Edward Albee’s Me, Myself and I opens the play addressing the audience. Albee’s wit and sharp irony dominate the play, managing to “engage, to upset, to trouble” audiences and readers. In my paper I analyze the methods Albee employs in transforming the stage into a meta- and intertextual “space” subverting and undermining any belief in identity and language as fixed, stable and functional “entities.”

  13. 40 CFR 86.108-00 - Dynamometer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Later Model Year New Light-Duty Vehicles and New Light-Duty Trucks and New Otto-Cycle Complete Heavy... of 8.65 inches and a nominal roll spacing of 17 inches; and (2)(i) An electric dynamometer that has a... are equivalent, and if approved in advance by the Administrator. (d) An electric dynamometer meeting...

  14. 40 CFR 86.1725-99 - Maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the Voluntary National Low Emission Vehicle Program for Light-Duty Vehicles and Light-Duty Trucks § 86... subpart, with the following additions: (a) Hybrid electric vehicles that use Otto-cycle or diesel engines...) through (e) and subsequent model year provisions. (b) Manufacturers of series hybrid electric vehicles and...

  15. Scaffolding Possible Futures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith, Rachel Charlotte; Otto, Ton

    Design anthropology is emerging as an academic field of study and practice between anthropology and design. While its potential lies in the intersection between the two fields, the challenges of how to intervene as anthropological researchers in this field are still highly unexplored. In Otto and...

  16. Pixelsex or Cosmic Revelation – how art & science can meet in public space

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2009-01-01

    In occasion of his one week residency at CERN Tim Otto Roth explores the material culture of particle physics and its ways of finding pictorial representations. Above all he is interested in methods like the Monte Carlo simulation, but also in CERN as giant collaborative institution and consequently as birthplace for the World Wide Web.

  17. Army Fixed-Wing Ground Attack Aircraft: A Historical Precedent and Contemporary Rationale

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-12

    retreated.83 Generaloberst Alfred Jodl, chief of Wehrmacht operations, later stated, “We still had lots of material and sent it to the front in...Michael J. Chandler , LTC, USAF, “Gen Otto P. Weyland, USAF-Close Air Support in the Korean War” (Master’s thesis, School of Advanced Air and Space

  18. Tartu Ülikooli tegevusest ja võitlusist Eesti ülikooli pärast 1941-1944 / Edgar Kant

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kant, Edgar, 1902-1978

    2002-01-01

    1941.a. juulis määrati TÜ rektori kohustustesse Eesti Vabariigi-aegne viimane TÜ prorektor Edgar Kant. Ülevaate Tartu Ülikooli tegevusest ja võitlusest Eesti ülikooli pärast 1941/42 kuni 1943/44.a. saatis E.Kant Otto Tiefi valitsuse kohtuministrile Johannes Klesmentile

  19. On some birds from southern Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mees, G.F.

    1970-01-01

    In the years 1962/64 our museum purchased from Mr. Otto Epping, now of Pittsburgh, U.S.A., a collection of 700 bird-specimens from southern Mexico (mainly from Vera Cruz and Oaxaca, a few specimens from Puebla). As our museum was poorly provided with material from Mexico, this was a very welcome

  20. The Great War and the Shaping of the Twentieth Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baggett, Blaine; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Traces the convoluted alliances and diplomatic blundering that resulted in World War I. Places a large degree of the blame on Kaiser Wilhelm II who almost singlehandedly dismantled or ruptured the alliances and treaties of imperial chancellor Otto von Bismarck. Includes photos, paintings, and diary entries. (MJP)

  1. Annual report 1972

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1972-01-01

    The report deals with the development of Geesthacht research centre, the research facilities (NS 'Otto Hahn', FRG-1 and FRG-2, ANEX), research and development projects, cooperation with industry and other research facilities, as well as with publications and lectures of 1972. (orig./AK) [de

  2. Disturbance history and stand dynamics in secondary and old-growth forests of the Southern Appalachian Mountains, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarah M. Butler; Alan S. White; Katherine J. Elliott; Robert S Seymour

    2014-01-01

    BUTLER, S. M. (Family Forest Research Center, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003), A. S. WHITE (School of Forest Resources, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469-5755), K. J. ELLIOTT (Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, Center for Forest Watershed Science, Southern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Otto, NC 28763) AND R. S. SEYMOUR (School of Forest...

  3. Perspectives on Moreno, Psychodrama, and Creativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blatner, Adam

    2005-01-01

    An essential element in successful psychotherapy involves helping clients become more creative in their approach to their problems. While Otto Rank, one of the pioneers of psychoanalysis, loosely alluded to this as a fitting goal, it was the inventor of psychodrama, Jacob L. Moreno, MD (1889-1974), who made this an explicit objective of the…

  4. Kolm tähtsat raamatut Eesti lähiajaloo mõistmiseks / Mai Beijer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Beijer, Mai

    2007-01-01

    rets. rmt.: Laar, Mart. September 1944 : Otto Tiefi valitsus. Tallinn : Varrak, 2007. Paju, Imbi. Förträngda minnen/ soome keelest tõlkinud Heidi Granqvist. Stockholm : Atlantis, 2007; eesti keeles: Tõrjutud mälestud, 2007. Kross, Jaan. På stället flyg/eesti keelest tõlkinud Enel Mellberg. Stockholm : Natur & Kultur, 2007; originaali pealkiri: Paigallend, 1998

  5. 40 CFR 86.1838-01 - Small volume manufacturer certification procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...-Duty Vehicles, Light-Duty Trucks, and Complete Otto-Cycle Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.1838-01 Small volume... companies; (iv) Vehicles and/or engines imported or distributed by all firms where the vehicles and/or...-use verification testing to have a minimum odometer mileage of 75 percent of the full useful life...

  6. A Fully Integrated Global Strategic Supply Network - A Critical Enabler of DoD Transformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Enterprise Applications: Even New Archtectures May Not Bring Market Back to Life.” Giga Research, 26 September 2003. Kreisher, Otto. “The Key...Enterprise Applications: Even New Archtectures May Not Bring Market Back to Life. Giga Research, September 26, 2003, p.5. 9 Miller, Byron (2002

  7. An in vitro and in vivo Evaluation of the Efficacy of Recombinant Human Liver Prolidase as a Catalytic Bioscavenger of Chemical Warfare Nerve Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    et al. (1953). The failure of respiration in death by anticholinesterase poisoning. Br J Pharmacol Chemother 8:466–475. Dickson EW, Bird SB, Gaspari RJ...enzymes. Biochemistry 48: 10416–10422. Otto TC, Kasten SA, Kovaleva E, et al. (2010). Purification and characterization of functional human

  8. Quantum lubrication: Suppression of friction in a first-principles four-stroke heat engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldmann, Tova; Kosloff, Ronnie

    2006-02-01

    A quantum model of a heat engine resembling the Otto cycle is employed to explore strategies to suppress frictional losses. These losses are caused by the inability of the engine’s working medium to follow adiabatically the change in the Hamiltonian during the expansion and compression stages. By adding external noise to the engine frictional losses can be suppressed.

  9. Equilibrium core layout for the 1000 MW direct cycle HTR (HHT) with hexagonal monolith moulded fuel blocks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dworak, A

    1973-03-15

    The aim of this survey is to calculate an equilibrium Thorium fuel cycle for a 1000 MW HHT-core in off-load refuelling with hexagonal monolith moulded fuel blocks. It was tried to achieve an axial power distribution similar to the advanced pebble-bed reactors (OTTO) by introducing three axial core zones with different heavy metal content and initial enrichment.

  10. Council Session

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN PhotoLab

    1977-01-01

    From face, 1st raw: Erich Lohrmann, Sergio Fubini, Léon Van Hove, John Adams (Directors-General), Paul Levaux (President of the Council) Hans-Otto Wüster, Franco Bonaudi, Robert Lévy-Mandel and 2nd raw, centre: Patrick Mollet, Eliane de Modzelewska, Jean-Marie Dufour

  11. 40 CFR 86.152-98 - Vehicle preparation; refueling test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Vehicle preparation; refueling test... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES Emission Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year New Light-Duty Vehicles and New Light-Duty Trucks and New Otto-Cycle...

  12. 40 CFR 86.131-00 - Vehicle preparation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Vehicle preparation. 86.131-00 Section... (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES Emission Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year New Light-Duty Vehicles and New Light-Duty Trucks and New Otto-Cycle Complete...

  13. 40 CFR 86.131-96 - Vehicle preparation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Vehicle preparation. 86.131-96 Section... (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES Emission Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year New Light-Duty Vehicles and New Light-Duty Trucks and New Otto-Cycle Complete...

  14. 40 CFR 86.132-00 - Vehicle preconditioning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Vehicle preconditioning. 86.132-00... (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES Emission Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year New Light-Duty Vehicles and New Light-Duty Trucks and New Otto-Cycle Complete...

  15. Bicuspid aortic valve

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... aortic disease. In: Otto CM, Bonow RO, eds. Valvular Heart Disease: A Companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease . 4th ed. ... PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2014:chap 13. Carabello BA. Valvular heart disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman’s Cecil ...

  16. 40 CFR 86.1850-01 - Denial, suspension or revocation of certificate of conformity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Denial, suspension or revocation of... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND...-Duty Vehicles, Light-Duty Trucks, and Complete Otto-Cycle Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.1850-01 Denial...

  17. Alu (Allo) mõis / Paul Friedrich Wilhelm Alisch, Friedrich Modi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alisch, Paul Friedrich Wilhelm

    2003-01-01

    4 fotot, värv.: 3 sisevaadet, välisvaade; omanikest, häärberi tellis Otto von Lilienfeld, veidi muudetud kujul lõpetas häärberi ehitusmeister F. Modi; nüüd tegutseb häärberi restaureeritud ruumides (restaureerimisprojekti tegi AB Hoerdel) Kaitseliidu kool

  18. Hermann Emil Fischer: Life and Achievements

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    in his studies and passed with distinction from high school in. 1869. Emil had great ... was impressed by Kekule's teaching, he moved in1872, along with his cousin Otto ..... killed himself as he could not bear the military training. The eldest son ...

  19. Matilda, Edgith and Adelaide: conflicts between generations and the doweries of the queens in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Isabella

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The reconstruction of the size and geographical distribution of properties that made up the dowers of the first three Ottonian queens makes possible to see the great importance of these assets, both for their large extension, both for the relevant strategic role dues to their location. Already Henry I, the first king of the dynasty, endowed his wife Matilda with numerous curtes that belonged to the area of oldest and strong presence of the Ottonian family, namely the eastern Saxony and Thuringia. Precisely, the control of these important goods was the cause of the fight between Matilda and her son Otto I when, in 938, the mother supported the claims to the throne of her younger son Henry during a revolt against Otto. The dower of Edgith, the first wife of Otto, was made from the large curtis of Magdeburg, which became a place of great symbolic and political importance thanks to the burial of the royal couple and for its elevation to Archdiocese which was entrusted with the supervision of slavic territories east of the Elbe. The set of the assets granted in Germany by Otto to Adelaide, his second wife, it's difficult to reconstruct in detail, but it was definitely of great extent in continuity with the dower of Matilda, although compared to this the curtes were spread across a wider area encompassing both the eastern Saxony and Thuringia, both Alsace and Franconia.

  20. Lise Meitner (1878-1968) 'Mother of nuclear structure physics'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Armbruster, P.

    2001-03-01

    A biography of Lise Meitner is given. Especially her work in cooperation with Otto Hahn concerning the discoveries of{sup 207}Tl and {sup 234}Pa by means of recoil separation and {beta}-spectrometry as well as the discovery of fission is described. Furthermore her confrontations with racism and sexism are considered. (HSI)

  1. If We Knew What Spirituality Was, We Would Teach for It

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yob, Iris M.

    2011-01-01

    Two extraordinary recent experiences that the author would call highly "spiritual" are explored against the background of ideas provided by writers such as Friedrich Schleiermacher, Rudolf Otto, Paul Tillich, and Abraham Maslow to unpack what spirituality is, with particular attention to the emotions and the insights involved in spirituality. The…

  2. 78 FR 72710 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-03

    ... listed in this notice meet the definition of unassociated funerary objects. Lineal descendants or... Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, that meet the definition of unassociated funerary objects under... Bering Sea culture.'' The excavation was done by, or under authority of, Dr. Otto Geist, who was...

  3. 40 CFR 86.1818-12 - Greenhouse gas emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Greenhouse gas emission standards for... Complete Otto-Cycle Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.1818-12 Greenhouse gas emission standards for light-duty... group of six greenhouse gases: Carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, hydrofluorocarbons...

  4. Vabamüürlike ideede avaldumisest Eesti arhitektuurikultuuris 18. sajandi lõpus - 19. sajandi alguses / Epi Tohvri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tohvri, Epi, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Vabamüürluse ajaloost Lääne-Euroopas, Baltikumis ja Venemaal, vabamüürluse ja palladionismi vahelistest seostest ning ikonograafiast mõisate interjöörikujunduses, valgustusajastu vabamüürlase Otto Friedrich von Pistohlkorsi (1754-1831) tegevusest ja tema kavandatud Rutikvere mõisakompleksist

  5. 76 FR 53521 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-26

    ... OTTO DROP data feed is not a trading interface and does not accept order messages. \\15\\ SQF ports are... Information Exchange (FIX) Ports Quantity Price FIX Trading Port First 25 ports $500/port/month. Additional ports above 25... $250/port/month. FIX Port for Services Other than Trading. First 25 ports $500/port...

  6. Lisandusi Eesti homoajaloole

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    1998. a. lõpul Hamburgis ilmunud Bernd-Ulrich Hergemölleri koostatud saksa homoleksikon "Biographisches Lexikon zur Geschichte von Freundesliebe und mann-männlicher Sexualität im deutschen Sprachraum" toob ära ka artikli Otto Magnus von Stackelbergist (1786-1837)

  7. [The neurotransmision from the other side].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez García, Pedro

    2010-01-01

    The discovery of how neurons communicate, like the cracking of genetic code and the creation of the atomic bomb is one of the fundamental scientific development of the twentieth century. In this paper we described the history of scientific discovery of neurohumoral transmission against the backdrop of the two torld and the fascinating lives of several scientists whose work was affected by the social and political events in their time. The lives and history of the main protagonists Sir Henry Dale, Otto Loewi and Walter Cannon are reported here. Otto Lewi and William Felberg--as jews--were arrested by nazi troops and Otto Krayer--not a jew--for not accepting one universitary offer of nazu party. All of them, and many others, were compelled to migrate from Germany to Great Britain, where Sir Henry Dale helped them to continue their work and their lives. All this scientist played an important role in the work on chemical neurotransmission which finally cristalized in awarding the Nobel. Price--in 1936--to Otto Loewi and Sir Henry Dale, but not to Walter Cannon, in this case, for adopting a controversial theory. The role of Rockefeller Foundation in this history is also comtemplated.

  8. Flag bez traurnoi lentotshki / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Riigikogu lükkas esimesel lugemisel tagasi Isamaaliidu algatatud pühade ja tähtpäevade seaduse muutmise seaduse eelnõu, mis käsitles 1944.a. septembris tegutsenud Otto Tiefi valitsuse mälestuse jäädvustamist

  9. South African Medical Journal - Vol 86, No 11 (1996)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evaluation of reflux oesophagitis with technetium-99m-labelled sucralfate · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. JH van Zyl, MG Nel, AC Otto, H de K. Grundling, E. Reinecke, JM Botha ...

  10. Vores indtryks udtryk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermann, Jesper

    2008-01-01

    William James' Principles of Psychology er mit udgangspunkt for at se sammenhængende på vore psykologiske funktioner som vores mentale forankring i verden. Hvordan kan vi, med støtte hos sprogforskeren Otto Jespersen, dernæst undersøge 'vores indtryks udtryk' (sprogpsykologiens genstand) som...

  11. Tavasti stipendium loomingulisele ühendusele Urmas Ott / Kadri Mälk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mälk, Kadri, 1958-

    2011-01-01

    2010. a. Roman Tavasti nimelise stipendiumi pälvinud Eesti Kunstiakadeemia ehte ja sepakunsti eriala sepakunsti õppesuuna üliõpilaste Urmas Lüüsi ja Hans-Otto Ojaste (rühmitus Urmas-Ott) töödest, teistest stipendiumile kandideerinutest

  12. Viis sepapoissi näitavad raua tulist ilu / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia sepakunsti eriala tudengite Nils Hindi, Hans-Otto Ojaste, Urmas Lüüsi, Fred Truusi ja Jan Västeri näitus "Ferri canes" Dominiiklaste kloostri Mauritiuse Instituudis (Tallinn, Müürivahe 33) 30. juunini 2010

  13. Elus sepakunst / Heili Sõrmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sõrmus, Heili

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia sepakunsti eriala üliõpilaste Nils Hindi (animatsioon "Kratt" koostöös Rainer Kaasik-Aaslaviga), Hans-Otto Ojaste, Urmas Lüüsi, Fred Truusi ja Jan Västeri sepakunsti näitus "Ferri canes" Dominiiklaste kloostri Mauritiuse Instituudis (Tallinn, Müürivahe 33) 30. juulini 2010

  14. Lantana montevidensis Essential Oil: Chemical Composition and Mosquito Repellent Activity against Aedes aegypti

    Science.gov (United States)

    The essential oil (EO) of Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. (L. sellowiana Link & Otto) was investigated for its chemical composition and mosquito repellent activity. The essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation of aerial plant parts was analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. The major constituents we...

  15. Sustainable processing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Niels Heine

    2004-01-01

    Kristensen_NH and_Beck A: Sustainable processing. In Otto Schmid, Alexander Beck and Ursula Kretzschmar (Editors) (2004): Underlying Principles in Organic and "Low-Input Food" Processing - Literature Survey. Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL, CH-5070 Frick, Switzerland. ISBN 3-906081-58-3...

  16. Pop / Mart Juur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juur, Mart, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: John Frusciante "Inside Of Emptiness", The Thrills "Let's Bottle Bohemia", The Donnas "Gold Medal", Hocico "Wrack and Ruin", Ms. Thing "Miss Jamaica", I'm Not A Gun "Our Lives On Wednesdays", The Polyphonic Spree "Together We're Heavy", Duran Duran "Astronaut", Swayzak "Loops From The Bergerie", Otto Von Schirach "Global Speaker Fisting"

  17. 78 FR 57104 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries Airplanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-17

    ... p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. For service information identified in this... AD docket. Relevant Service Information Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH has issued Mandatory Service... service information related to this AD, contact Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH, N.A. Otto-Str.5, A-2700...

  18. An Analysis of Organizational Behavior Management Research in Terms of the Three-Contingency Model of Performance Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weatherly, Nicholas L.; Malott, Richard W.

    2008-01-01

    The three-contingency model of performance management (Malott, 1992, 1993, 1999) was used to analyze interventions in the "Journal of Organizational Behavior Management (JOBM)" from the years 1990 through 2005 (Volume 11[1]-Volume 25[4]). The current article extends previous reviews (Malott, Shimamune, & Malott, 1992; Otto & Malott, 2004) by…

  19. 40 CFR 86.1805-12 - Useful life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Useful life. 86.1805-12 Section 86... Complete Otto-Cycle Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.1805-12 Useful life. (a) Except as permitted under paragraph (b) of this section or required under paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section, the full useful life...

  20. 40 CFR 86.1805-04 - Useful life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Useful life. 86.1805-04 Section 86... Complete Otto-Cycle Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.1805-04 Useful life. (a) Except as required under paragraph (b) of this section or permitted under paragraphs (d), (e) and (f) of this section, the full useful life...

  1. 40 CFR 86.1362-2007 - Steady-state testing with a ramped-modal cycle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...-modal cycle. 86.1362-2007 Section 86.1362-2007 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... (CONTINUED) Emission Regulations for New Otto-Cycle and Diesel Heavy-Duty Engines; Gaseous and Particulate Exhaust Test Procedures § 86.1362-2007 Steady-state testing with a ramped-modal cycle. This section...

  2. 40 CFR 86.1362-2010 - Steady-state testing with a ramped-modal cycle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...-modal cycle. 86.1362-2010 Section 86.1362-2010 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... (CONTINUED) Emission Regulations for New Otto-Cycle and Diesel Heavy-Duty Engines; Gaseous and Particulate Exhaust Test Procedures § 86.1362-2010 Steady-state testing with a ramped-modal cycle. This section...

  3. Variations on the Zilch Cycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binder, P.-M.; Tanoue, C. K. S.

    2013-01-01

    Thermo dynamic cycles in introductory physics courses are usually made up from a small number of permutations of isothermal, adiabatic, and constant-pressure and volume quasistatic strokes, with the working fluid usually being an ideal gas. Among them we find the Carnot, Stirling, Otto, Diesel, and Joule-Brayton cycles; in more advanced courses,…

  4. 40 CFR 86.1820-01 - Durability group determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES (CONTINUED...) Combustion cycle (e.g., two stroke, four stroke, Otto cycle, diesel cycle). (2) Engine type (e.g., piston, rotary, turbine, air cooled versus water cooled). (3) Fuel used (e.g., gasoline, diesel, methanol...

  5. Steady-State Process Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cameron, Ian; Gani, Rafiqul

    2011-01-01

    illustrate the “equation oriented” approach as well as the “sequential modular” approach to solving complex flowsheets for steady state applications. The applications include the Williams-Otto plant, the hydrodealkylation (HDA) of toluene, conversion of ethylene to ethanol and a bio-ethanol process....

  6. Experimental Cylinders : Experiments in Music Psychology around 1900

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kursell, J.

    2017-01-01

    This article asks how the availability of recording in the sound archive changed the way in which researchers and music listeners related to musical performance. I focus on a study of intonation that Otto Abraham carried out between 1906 and 1923 at the Phonogramm-Archiv in Berlin and that he

  7. Kaunid koorikud / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2005-01-01

    Puidust sõrestikkoorikute ehitamisest Euroopas. Sõrestikkoorikust Mannheimis (Frei Otto, 1975). Weald and Downland'i vabaõhumuuseumi uuest abihoonest (Edward Cullinan Architects, 2002) Suurbritannias. EXPO paviljonist Hannoveris (Herzog [Thomas Herzog] & Partnerid, insener Julius Natterer, 2000). 5 värv. ill

  8. Neljas triennaal - vabal teemal / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    1999-01-01

    Triennaali külalistest, ettekannetest. Peaesinejad: Frei Otto (Saksamaa), Hani Rashid (USA), Ilja Lezhava (Venemaa), Kivi Sotamaa (arhitektuuribüroo Ocean). Eestist esines Urmas Muru. 4. Põhja- ja Baltimaade arhitektuuritriennaal 16.-18. IX 1999 Rotermanni soolalaos teemal "Vaba kulg"

  9. The Merger Negotiations within the British Margarine Industry in the early 1900s: A Danish Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandskov, Jesper

    2018-01-01

    The paper presents in details the amalgamation plans and the merger negotiations between Maypole Dairies Co., Otto Monsted Ltd., Gebroeder Jurgens and to a lesser extent Van den Bergh in the period 1899-1907. Based on materials from in particular Danish private archives, the article provides...

  10. Ajalookonverentsilt "Eesti Vabariigi Valitsus eksiilis" / Liivi Uuet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uuet, Liivi, 1947-

    2008-01-01

    15. augustil 2008 toimunud Eesti Vabariigi 90. aastapäevale pühendatud konverentsist Lagedil Eesti Vabadusvõitluse muuseumis. Otto Tiefi valitsuse õiguskantslerist ja Riigiarhiivi ning Riigiraamatukogu direktorist 1925-1936 Richard Övelist ja Vabariigi Valitsuse välisministrist aastatel 1964-1982 August Koernist. Konverentsil osales Eesti Vabariigi Valitsuse eksiilis peaministri asetäitja Enno Penno.

  11. Fotorealismi pool sajandit ehk ühe "-ismi" mitu lainet = Half a century of photorealism, or several waves of one "-ism" / Tiiu Parbus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parbus, Tiiu, 1989-

    2016-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline näitus "Fotorealism. 50 aastat hüperrealistlikku maali" Kumus eksponeerib algupärase fotorealismi superstaare. Koostanud Tübingeni Kultuurivahetuse Instituut, kuraator Otto Letze. Eesti hüperrealismi seoseid Ameerika algupärandiga

  12. Popper's Theory of the Searchlight : A Historical Assessment of Its Significance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ter Hark, Michel; Parusnikova, Z; Cohen, R

    2009-01-01

    On the basis of a correspondence between Karl Popper and the Dutch psychologist Adriaan de Groot, it is argued that the former's epistemology of the searchlight is historically rooted in early cognitive psychology of Otto Selz. It is furthermore argued that Popper's later critique of information

  13. Tõnismäel on alati paiknenud linnasüdamele lähim eeslinn / Robert Nerman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nerman, Robert, 1946-2015

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna Tõnismäe piirkonna asustusajaloost. Antoniuse kabelist. 1670. aastal Hariduse ja Tõnismäe tänava vahele ehitatud puidust Kaarli kirikust. Friedheimi suvemõisast. Arhitekt Otto Pius Hippiuse projekti järgi ehitatud uuest Kaarli kirikust

  14. An International Business Blunder: Fennia 1913-1916

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Kurt; Strandskov, Jesper; Sørensen, Peter

    2008-01-01

    En fremstilling af Otto Mønsted A/S finske datterselskab, født 1913 og afgået ved en kompliceret død tre år senere. Dertil en analyse på basis af begreber hentet hos Michael Porter samt Bartlett, Ghoshal og Nohria af ledelsesmæssige fejldispositioner....

  15. Lise Meitner (1878-1968) 'Mother of nuclear structure physics'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Armbruster, P.

    2001-03-01

    A biography of Lise Meitner is given. Especially her work in cooperation with Otto Hahn concerning the discoveries of 207 Tl and 234 Pa by means of recoil separation and β-spectrometry as well as the discovery of fission is described. Furthermore her confrontations with racism and sexism are considered. (HSI)

  16. Det faderløse samfund

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik

    Det faderløse samfund er en kulturhistorisk afdækning af fader- og autoritetstabet i det 20. århundredes Europa, med fokus på fader-søn-forholdet og fortalt gennem skikkelser som Max Weber, Freud, Jung, Kafka - og ’den uregerlige søn’ over dem alle, psykologen og anarkisten Otto Gross. Den er...

  17. 40 CFR 86.1817-08 - Complete heavy-duty vehicle averaging, trading, and banking program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., trading, and banking program. 86.1817-08 Section 86.1817-08 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... Complete heavy-duty vehicle averaging, trading, and banking program. Section 86.1817-08 includes text that.... (1) Manufacturers of Otto-cycle vehicles may participate in an NMHC averaging, banking and trading...

  18. 40 CFR 86.1344-94 - Required information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Applicable engine model year. (6) Engine fuel type. (7) Recommended oil type. (8) Exhaust pipe configuration, pipe sizes, etc. (9) Curb or low idle speed. (10) Dynamometer idle speed (automatic transmission... Regulations for New Otto-Cycle and Diesel Heavy-Duty Engines; Gaseous and Particulate Exhaust Test Procedures...

  19. A New Approach for the Design and Evaluation of Land Defense Concepts,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    possible innovations can be vast. For example, tanks are a bugaboo of "defensive defense" advocates. Yet the Israelis in the Golan Heights in 1973 found...1551-1556. Loser, Jochen, and Otto Buchorn, " Portfolio on Area-Distributed Defense as an Alternate Defense Policy for NATO in the 1990s

  20. A Design Approach to Teaching Persuasion: Theory and Application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neal, W. Patrick; And Others

    One course in persuasion reviews six theories of attitude change--five based on Otto Lerbinger's designs for persuasive communication (cognitive design, stimulus response design, motivational design, personality design, and social design), and a sixth (perceptual design) developed by the instructors. Instruction in each includes a variety of…

  1. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 70, Number 3, March 1929

    Science.gov (United States)

    1929-03-01

    Presidency receive but thirty-two pages. Surely Mr. Lincoln’s years in the White House were worth more than that. The typography is excellent, with an...Beuve; Frederick the Great, by T. B. Macaulay; Napoleon_’Bonaparte, by George Brandes ; and Otto von Bismarck, by Emil Ludwig. The book contains more

  2. Use of Metallic Endosseous Implants as a Tooth Substitute

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-11-25

    metallic blades driven into the bone to become an anchor for prosthetic appliances. A complete critical review of the literature on dental implants was...Otto anni di practica col into metodo d’Infibulazione i:,otallica e-ndomn,,cel lare, rfrs;ultati e considerazioni, Riv. Ital. Sto::at. , January, I

  3. Testimonio de un hombre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel López Gómez

    1964-06-01

    Full Text Available Otto Morales Benítez sigue siendo un hombre feliz. Feliz por la plenitud, por la efusión de la vida que es abierta y clara como un horizonte de valles, ríos, colinas, bosques y montañas. Su carácter tiene la misma topografía de su comarca.

  4. Mees maalt ja merelt / Eerik Purje

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Purje, Eerik, 1927-

    2004-01-01

    rets. rmt.: Meier, Martin Ottomar. Otto Meier, eestlane : Martin Ottomar Meier, kapten ja laevaomanik. Sündinud 10.11.1881 Heinastes. Surnud 1.08.1955 Pärnus : mälestused. Tallinn : SE&JS, 2004. 328 lk.

  5. El mundo del libro : agosto de 1968

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Rodríguez Garavito

    1968-08-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan reseñas de los siguientes autores y obras: -Arciniegas, Germán. Isaacs, genio y figura -Naranjo Villegas, Abel. Sociología de la familia -Morales Benítez, Otto. Raíces Humanas.

  6. A K Shukla

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Cars Beyond Otto's Internal Combustion Engines · A K Shukla · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 11 Issue 7 July 2006 pp 42-50 General Article. Turning Sunlight into Electricity - Inorganic Solar Cells and Beyond · A K Shukla · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 15 Issue 12 December 2010 pp 1068-1072 General Article.

  7. Simulation Of The Internal-Combustion Engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeleznik, Frank J.; Mcbride, Bonnie J.

    1987-01-01

    Program adapts to available information about particular engine. Mathematical model of internal-combustion engine constructed and implemented as computer program suitable for use on large digital computer systems. ZMOTTO program calculates Otto-cycle performance parameters as well as working-fluid compositions and properties throughout cycle for number of consecutive cycles and for variety of input parameters. Written in standard FORTRAN IV.

  8. Kindla peale minek / Küllo Arjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arjakas, Küllo, 1959-

    2007-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Eberle, Henrik ; Ulm, Matthias. Hitleri toimik : NKVD salajane ettekanne Jossif Stalinile, koostatud Hitleri isikliku adjutandi Otto Günsche ja kammerteener Heinz Linge ülekuulamise protokollide põhjal Moskvas 1948/49. [Tallinn] : Tammerraamat, 2006 ; Bassett, Richard. Canaris : Hitleri luureülem : Wilhelm Canarise mõistatus : [1887-1945]. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006

  9. La Justice et la Vengeance divine poursuivant le Crime. Pierre-Paul Prud’hon a emblematická tradice

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Konečný, Lubomír

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 63, 1/2 (2014), s. 86-93 ISSN 1211-7390 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : Pierre-Paul Prud’hon * Nicolas Frochot * Marin Le Roy de Gomberville * Otto van Veen Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  10. The “Second” Vienna School as Social Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Verstegen

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses Kunstwollen, not as a historicized concept, but as a social scientific construct open to reinterpretation and input from the evolving sciences. Emphasizing especially the contributions of Hans Sedlmayr in his Introduction to Riegl’s Collected Works (1929 and Otto Pächt’s article on Riegl (1962, attention departs from Riegl to set the stage regarding the meaning of Kunstwollen. Emphasizing its roots in materialistic social history, inspired by evolution, the article undertakes vignettes of paired art historians and social theorists: Dvorak and Karl Mannheim, Sedlmayr and Alfred Vierkandt, and Otto Pächt and Wolfgang Metzger. It can be seen that Kunstwollen is interpreted with the tools of social science as the sociology of knowledge (Mannheim, Vierkandt with refinements from Gestalt psychology (Metzger. As the career of Pächt progresses, the Austrian art historian looks for ways to stress continuous evolution, historical determinism and compulsion, and the super-individuality of artistic tradition.

  11. Quale etica per quale futuro? Le vie dell’etica – uno sguardo retrospettivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Caputo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper, starting from the question “Which etichs for what future?”, retraces a few streets of ethical reflection, subdividing the exploration in moments of classical Greece (with Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, of modernity (with Kant, developments science, Hegel and of the current globalized world (with Jürgen Habermas and Karl-Otto Apel. The problem of values, in particular, and of ethics, in general, arises today, as in the past, in a double sense: regards, on the one hand, their possible foundation or legitimation, on the other, their possible sharing and acceptance by all members of the community. Discourse ethics, especially in the version theorized by Karl-Otto Apel, appears more congenial in outlining the minimum basis of a common ethics shared, guaranteed by the universal consensus of ethics intrinsic to the discourse.

  12. Optimal control of the power adiabatic stroke of an optomechanical heat engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bathaee, M; Bahrampour, A R

    2016-08-01

    We consider the power adiabatic stroke of the Otto optomechanical heat engine introduced in Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 150602 (2014)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.112.150602. We derive the maximum extractable work of both optomechanical normal modes in the minimum time while the system experiences quantum friction effects. We show that the total work done by the system in the power adiabatic stroke is optimized by a bang-bang control. The time duration of the power adiabatic stroke is of the order of the inverse of the effective optomechanical-coupling coefficient. The optimal phase-space trajectory of the Otto cycle for both optomechanical normal modes is also obtained.

  13. The discovery of nuclear fission and the responsibility of the scientist

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Staab, H.A.

    1989-01-01

    The history of the discovery of nuclear fission is placed in historical context and the responsibility of the scientists involved for the subsequent military uses is discussed. It is explained that the deep things in science are not found because they are useful; they are found because it is possible to find them. If Otto Hahn and his co-workers had not discovered nuclear fission someone else in the late 1930s or early 1940s would have done so. It was decisions outside science which set the course for the nuclear fission research once the basic principle had been understood. The question how far does the scientists responsibility extend for unknown and unintended consequences of research and for misuses of his findings by others is discussed. Scientists have a duty to understand the applications of their work and to warn of misuse or hazards, as did Otto Hahn. (UK)

  14. La crisi economica e la reciproca collaborazione tra le Chiese e lo Stato per “il bene del Paese”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Casuscelli

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available SOMMARIO: 1. I principi in gioco – 2. I trattamenti preferenziali e le situazioni di vantaggio selettivo: ICI e otto per mille – 3. Per una lettura costituzionalmente orientata delle norme pattizie - 4. Il peculiare impegno della Chiesa cattolica e dello Stato alla reciproca collaborazione … – 5. (segue … per “il bene del Paese” – 6. Il finanziamento pubblico delle Chiese nei nuovi accordi … - 7. (segue e le “eventuali modifiche” dell’otto per mille – 8. Le vicende delle festività religiose "concordatarie" – 9. Il pluralismo confessionale, la laicità e l’uso controllato delle azioni positive – 10. Il magistero e la “profonda liberazione della Chiesa da forme di mondanità”.

  15. Design of reactor internals in larger high-temperature reactors with spherical fuel elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Elter, C.

    1981-01-01

    In his paper, the author analyzes and summarizes the present state of the art with emphasis on the prototype reactor THTR 300 MWe, because in addition to spherical fuel elements, this type includes other features of future HTR design such as the same flow direction of cooland gas through the core. The paper on hand also elaborates design guidelines for reactor internals applicable with large HTR's of up to 1200 MWe. Proved designs will be altered so as to meet the special requirements of larger cores with spherical elements to be reloaded according to the OTTO principle. This paper is furthermore designed as a starting point for selective and swift development of reactor internals for large HTR's to be refuelled according to the OTTO principle. (orig./GL) [de

  16. Gregorio Marañón y Miguel de Unamuno, lectores de un alma abrasada en un diario. Apuntes para una psicología de la timidez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Ariso

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available After describing the main lines of the interpretations of Henri-Frédéric Amiel’s diary held by Gregorio Marañón and Miguel de Unamuno, Otto Weininger’s work is brought up in this paper in order to consider both interpretations from a wider perspective that helps to discern which were Marañón’s and Unamuno’s interests when they analyzed Amiel’s life and personality

  17. Cyber Defense: An International View

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    and Mathematics at the Royal Institute of Tech- nology, Stockholm, Sweden; and Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg , Germany . viii ix SUMMARY...and analysis to influence policy debate and bridge the gap between military and academia. The Center for Strategic Leadership and Development...provide an overview of four different national approaches to cyber defense: those of Nor- way, Estonia, Germany , and Sweden. While provid- ing a

  18. Lunchkonsert:orgelfestival

    OpenAIRE

    Segurado, Joao

    2012-01-01

    12.30 Lunchkonsert. Musikhogskolan, orgelsalen.Sverker Jullander, orgel.Svenskt 1900-talStig Gustav Schonberg - Toccata concertante I (1954)f. 1933Hilding Rosenberg Preludio e fuga (1948)1892 -1985Erland von Koch Kontraster (1973)1910- 2009 - Ritmo - Misterioso - GiubiolosoEmil Sjögren Ur "Legender" (tr. 1907)1853-1918 - Legend B-dur - Legend c-moll - Legend D-durOtto Olsson Preludium och fuga diss-moll, op. 56 (1935)1879-1964

  19. High Entropy Alloys: A Current Evaluation of Founding Ideas and Core Effects and Exploring Nonlinear Alloys (Postprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-29

    299 (2004). 9. S. Ranganathan , Curr. Sci. 85, 1404 (2003). 10. F. Otto, Y. Yang, H. Bei, and E.P. George, Acta Mater. 61, 2628 (2013). 11. O.N...W. Yeh, and S. Ranganathan , High-Entropy Alloys (Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2014). 33. Y. Zou, S. Maiti, W. Steurer, and R. Spolenak, Acta Mater...Intermetallics 41, 96 (2013). 36. X. Yang and Y. Zhang, Mater. Chem. Phys. 132, 233 (2012). 37. S. Ranganathan , Personal communication (Bangalore: In

  20. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Abundances for all seven stars in Latham 1 (O'Connell+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connell, J. E.; Martens, K.; Frinchaboy, P. M.

    2017-03-01

    Observations for all target stars were obtained at McDonald Observatory with the Otto Struve 2.1m telescope instrumented with the Sandiford Cass Echelle Spectrometer (SES; R=λ/Δλ~60000) in 2013 and 2014 June. The spectrograph setup was centered near 6175Å in 2013 and 6375Å in 2014 with wavelength coverage spanning from ~5350-6560Å and ~5560-6750Å, respectively (see Table2 for observation dates and exposure times). (3 data files).

  1. Problem Definition Study on TAX (1-acetylhexahydro-3,5-dinitro-1,3,5- triazine), SEX (1-acetyloctahydro-3,5,7-trinitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine), Lead Salicylate and Lead Beta-Resorcylate 2-Nitrodiphenylamine and Ethyl Centralite

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-07-01

    IV-14 IV-3. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrum of 2-Nitrodiphenylamine ................. IV-15 IV-4. Map of Radford Army Amumunition Plant...Chemie GmbH Chemische Werke Munchen Otto Barlocher CmbH Metallgesellschaft AG ITALY Stabilital SpA SPAIN Industrias Quimicas de Parets. SA UNITED KINGDOM...abnormal cristae and matrix, and disrupted nuclear membrane. The mitochrondria seemed to be the organelle most frequently affected. Thus, it was shown that

  2. Inhibition of glucose turnover by 3-bromopyruvate counteracts pancreatic cancer stem cell features and sensitizes cells to gemcitabine

    OpenAIRE

    Isayev, Orkhan; Rausch, Vanessa; Bauer, Nathalie; Liu, Li; Fan, Pei; Zhang, Yiyao; Gladkich, Jury; Nwaeburu, Clifford C.; Mattern, Jürgen; Mollenhauer, Martin; Rückert, Felix; Zach, Sebastian; Haberkorn, Uwe; Gross, Wolfgang; Schönsiegel, Frank

    2014-01-01

    According to the cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis, the aggressive growth and early metastasis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is due to the activity of CSCs, which are not targeted by current therapies. Otto Warburg suggested that the growth of cancer cells is driven by a high glucose metabolism. Here, we investigated whether glycolysis inhibition targets CSCs and thus may enhance therapeutic efficacy. Four established and 3 primary PDA cell lines, non-malignant cells, and 3 patien...

  3. Use of Polyurethane Coating to Prevent Corrosion in Oil and Gas Pipelines Transfer

    OpenAIRE

    Amir Samimi

    2012-01-01

    Corrosion is one of the major problems in the oil and gas industry is one that automatically allocates huge sums annually. Polyurethane is a thermoses polymer with various applications. Using form this polymer has spread for military applications by Otto Bayer in 1930. In one general look polyurethane is product of Iso Syanate and ploy with each other, So that: Iso + ploy = polyurethane. Spend large cost for application and launching oil and gas transitions, has cleared the necessity protecti...

  4. Development and testing of control rod drives for ship reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bruelheide, K.; Mundt, D.; Peters, C.-H.; Manthey, H.-J.

    1978-01-01

    The following paper deals with the development and testings of a new control rod drive design for marine reactors. Starting from the good operating experience with the advanced pressurized water reactor (FDR) of the NS OTTO HAHN a control rod drive system with an hermetically sealed drive principle was developed. A prototype control rod drive system was put through extensive tests and developed ready for standard production at the 'Gesellschaft fuer Kernenergieverwertung in Schiffbau und Schiffahrt'

  5. Mellem medicin og moral

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Sidsel

    2002-01-01

    Den dødsdømte Peder Worms sidste tid før skafottet i 1830'ernes København set ud en medicinsk synsvinkel repræsteret ved fængselslægen og frenologen (kraniesamleren) Carl Otto og en teologisk synsvinkel set ud fra fængselslægen og rationalisten C.F. Visbye og dennes samtaler med fangen....

  6. 11. Textbeispiele

    OpenAIRE

    Kunze, Rolf-Ulrich

    2017-01-01

    11.1 Seminararbeit zum Thema eines Seminarvortrags: Otto von Bismarck als preußischer Gesandter am Deutschen Bund in Frankfurt am Main, 1851-1859 Warum Bismarck? Man muß gar nicht auf den aus der Zeitgeschichte kommenden sozialgeschichtlichen Siegeszug des biographischen Genre seit einigen Jahren verweisen, um die seit ihren Anfängen offen zu Tage liegenden biographisch-strukturgeschichtlichen Defizite der makrotheoretisch-reduktionistischen politischen Sozialgeschichte Hans-Ulrich Wehlers un...

  7. Systematic of signature inversion in (h11/2)p ⊗ (i13/2)n for odd–odd ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    11. /2)p. ⊗. (i13. /2)n. }fo r rare earth s are rep o rted . Each b o x lists th e fo llowin g in fo rmatio n. : T o p row. : K. (observed),. Ic. (inversion),. M iddle row. : K and confi guratio n fro m systematic,. B otto m row. : low est observed spin and its energy in. keV . xxx denotes unknow n energy. C onfi gurations are abbrev iated as:p.

  8. Aerobic glycolysis and high level of lactate in cancer metabolism and microenvironment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Jiang

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Metabolic abnormalities is a hallmark of cancer. About 100 years ago, Nobel laureate Otto Heinrich Warburg first described high rate of glycolysis in cancer cells. Recently more and more novel opinions about cancer metabolism supplement to this hypothesis, consist of glucose uptake, lactic acid generation and secretion, acidification of the microenvironment and cancer immune evasion. Here we briefly review metabolic pathways generating lactate, and discuss the function of higher lactic acid in cancer microenvironments.

  9. [Award of the Salomon-Neumann-Medal 2017 - Speech of the Laureate Prof. Bernt-Peter Robra, 5 September 2017, St. Peter´s Church Lübeck].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robra, Bernt-Peter

    2018-02-19

    The Salomon-Neumann-Medal 2017 of the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP) was awarded to Bernt-Peter Robra, Institute for Social Medicine and Health Economics (ISMG) of the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg. The person and scientific merits of Manfred Pflanz are valued and topics of the masterplan2020-process are highlighted, that offer chances for developments in medicine and public health. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  10. Juugendloss Eestimaa ääre peal / Helju Koger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koger, Helju, 1943-

    2003-01-01

    Aastaid raviasutusena tegutsenud Taagepera loss avas mais 2003 oma uksed hotelli ja konverentsikeskusena. 1912. a. valminud jugendhäärberi projekteeris Otto Wildau. Hoone omanikest, arhitektuurist. Hotelli sisekujunduse tegi Kadri Tarbe. Lossis on avatud harrastusfotograaf Peeter Sepa näitus "Eestimaa tagumises sopis Taageperas", keraamik Marget Tafeli näitus "Dora aarded", Leonhard Lapini ja Ülevi Eljandi näitus "Sõbrad SOUP 69-st". 16 ill

  11. From nuclear fission to nuclear energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pocock, R.F.

    1988-01-01

    Otto Hahn, a German chemist, demonstrated the fission of the uranium nucleus in December 1938. Ten months later, basic physical theory had been modified to account for this phenomenon. It is suggested here that this great advance in radio-chemistry and physics was influenced considerably by political considerations. By the outbreak of the European War in September 1939, all the major scientific principles involved in the production of atomic weapons were well-known and were available in all industrial countries. (author)

  12. Implications of Psychiatric Comorbidity Among Combat Veterans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    Yonkers KA, Otto MW, et al; Influence of psychiatric comor- bidity on recovery and recurrence in generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia , and panic...phys- ical and social functioning, a diminished likelihood of recov- ery, and increased rates of attempted and completed suicide compared with those... RV , Ravelli A, van Zessen G; Prevalence of psychiatric disorder in the general population: results of the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and

  13. Flood Control Structures Research Program. Annotated Bibliography on Grade Control Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    evaluating the effects of geology, geomorphology, soils, land use, and climate on runoff and sediment production from major source areas; (4...Otto, and ,t:iji, Ahmed. 1987. "Theoret- ical Flow Model for Drop Structures," -’. aulic ’ngineering, Proceed- ings of the 1987 National Confere’,ce on...Facilities for Unique Flood Problems," Journal of the-Waterways and Harbors Division, ASCE, Vol 97, No. WWI, pp 185-203. The unusual climatic

  14. Combatting Terrorism through Study of the Genetic Psychology of Terrorist Leaders. The Early Development of the Terrorist Mind

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-01

    Time contained an article entitled, "Recollections from Jaruzelski and Mussolini’s Daughter." This article talked of a Time correspondent finding Edda ...still adores her father." 𔃾 Not only did Edda Mussolini look like her father, but also shared her father’s respect and friendship for Adolf Hitler. In...the September 4, 1989 issue of Time, in an article entitled "Remembrance: Edda Mussolini Ciano: A ’Very Polite Hitler’," Otto Friedrich quoted Edda

  15. A Practitioner’s Guide to Trust and Legitimacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Mary Tomkins, Mikki Honeycutt, and the mentors of 11 45 and Connected—you inspired me and, through your example, made me want to find a way to trust...172 Personal observation for first 20 years of career. 173 Bryan Parman, John Scruggs, and Mary Otto...Fourth Circuit, Graham V. Conner , 1989. 181 Portland Police Bureau, “Portland Police Policy 1010.00, Use of Force,” section 5, in Portland Police

  16. Nõela all : Igakuine vinüülitutvustus / DJ Drummie

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    DJ Drummie

    1999-01-01

    Plaatidest Sandy Rivera feat. LT Brown "Come Into My Room", Deep Sensation "Somehow, Shomewhere (Soul Heaven)", Brothers of Soul "Eyes of Love", Dr.Gary Henry "'Faith", Royal Palm "Hecho En Inglaterra", La Cellule "Sweet Entourage EP", Antonio "Hyperfunk", DJ Paco & Terry Laird feat. MC Adrian "M.U.G. EP vol 1", DJ Brockie & Ed Solo "Represents/Shodown", Fresh and Vegas "Otto's Way/ Heatwave"

  17. Gastrointestinal motility during sleep assessed by tracking of telemetric capsules combined with polysomnography ? a pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Haase, Anne-Mette; Fallet, Sibylle; Otto, Marit; Scott, S Mark; Schlageter, Vincent; Krogh, Klaus

    2015-01-01

    Anne-Mette Haase,1 Sibylle Fallet,2 Marit Otto,3 S Mark Scott,4 Vincent Schlageter,5 Klaus Krogh1 1Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; 2Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland; 3Department of Neurophysiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; 4Neurogastroenterology Group, Gastrointestinal Physiology Unit, Queen Mary University, London, UK; 5Motilis Medica SA, Lausanne, Switzerland Abstract: Studies...

  18. The Effects of Continuous One-Arm Kettlebell Swing Training on Physiological Parameters in United States Air Force Personnel: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-01

    traditional forms of military PT programs, especially in regards to run performance, muscular strength, and injury prevention. As reviewed previously...contrast, Otto and colleagues used an explosive KB training regimen that was similar in training volume and rest intervals to Olympic weightlifting ...Furthermore, a supervised training program such as the one used in this study should be followed to reduce risk of injury and to ensure that subjects

  19. Kaleidoskoop vanalinna korteritest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Tallinna vanalinna renoveeritud majadest, kus müüakse elanikele kortereid. Toom-Kooli 2, Viru 1/ Vene 4 (ehitati 1881, arhitekt Rudolf Otto Knüpffer), Vene 19, Pikk 30, Pikk 40 (1922 ehitati ümber arhitekt Artur Perna projekti järgi, ajaloomälestis), Rataskaevu 9 asuvate renoveeritud hoonete ajaloost, pakutavate korterite suurus, hinnad. Kommenteerivad: J. Laugus, T. Tarum kinnisvarabüroost Uus Maa, H. Leppsalu kinnisvarafirmast Ober Haus

  20. The Proceedings of the Conference on Assessment of Ecological Impacts of Oil Spills Held 14-17 Jun 1978, Keystone, Colorado.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-01-01

    damage may find that he cannot recover his damage prevention costs , though he could have recovered his costs of hauling an oil soiled boat after the...SEA Otto Gra hi—Nielsen Institute of Marine Research Box 1870 N- Soil Bergen , Norway...oil applied externally to the eggshell . surface (Al bers 1977; Szaro and Albers 1977; Szaro et al. 1978) . Therefore small amounts of oil transferred

  1. Tartu Ülikooli Õigusteaduskonna kogu viimase koosseisu saatusest / Artur Taska

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taska, Artur, 1912-1994

    1989-01-01

    Sisaldab andmeid Ants Piibu, D. Grimmi, I. Tjutrjumovi, Artur-Tõeleid Kliimanni, Ernst Eini, Nikolai Maimi, Mart Nurga, Jüri Uluotsa, Elmar Ilusa, H. Kadari, L. Leesmenti, Juhan Vaabeli, Richard, Räägo, Otto Liivi, Hans Ronimoisi, T. Grünthali, Veera Poska-Grünthali, Artur Mägi, F. Malmi, G. Rooksi, Valmar Adamsi, Paul Vihalema, Rein Eliaseri, A. Rammuli, H. Randalu, Edgar Talviku, A. Perandi ja Väino Langi kohta

  2. Concept of Six Stroke Engine

    OpenAIRE

    P.Naresh

    2015-01-01

    One of the most difficult challenges in engine technology today is the urgent need to increase engine thermal efficiency. Higher efficiencies mean less fuel consumption and lower atmospheric emissions per unit of work produced by the engine. In 1862 a Frenchman Alphouse Beau de Rochas gives his theory regarding the ideal cycle of the internal combustion engine. This theory is applied by a German engineer named Nikolaus A. Otto, who firstly built a successful four-stroke SI engine in 1876. The...

  3. Entropy-Stabilized Oxides

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-29

    antiferroelectrics. Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 017603 (2013). 22. Cantor , B., Chang, I., Knight, P. & Vincent, A. Microstructural development in equiatomic...Science 345, 1153–1158 (2014). 24. Gali, A. & George , E. Tensile properties of high- and medium-entropy alloys. Intermetallics 39, 74–78 (2013). 25...148–153 (2014). 26. Otto, F., Yang, Y., Bei, H. & George , E. Relative effects of enthalpy and entropy on the phase stability of equiatomic high-entropy

  4. Vaade minevikku kaljult mere ääres / Helju Koger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koger, Helju, 1943-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Vabaõhumuuseumis asuvast Kochidele kuulunud Liberty suvemõisast (arhitekt Otto Schott, 1905), puiesteest Via Appia, Arthur Girard de Soucantoni hävinud villast (arhitekt Rudolf Knüpffer), G. de Soucantoni tütre Helene ja Eugen Von Nottbecki suvilast nr. 15, raidkividest, Etienne Girard de Soucantoni šveitsi villast (praegu muuseumi teadurite töömaja) jm. 11 ill

  5. 75 years of the discovery of nuclear fission. A timeline; 75 Jahre Entdeckung der Kernspaltung. Eine Zeitlinie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reinartz, Jerome [atw-Redaktion, Hattingen (Germany)

    2013-12-15

    The discovery of nuclear fission and the possibility of a self- sustaining chain reaction begins with modern atomic and nuclear physics at the end of the 19{sup th} century. Further key discoveries resulted as of 1900 with the fundamentals on the structure of matter. In 1938 Otto Hahn, Fritz Strassmann and Lise Meitner came to realise that neutrons were able to split uranium nuclei. Important milestones until 1938 and beyond are summarized. (orig.)

  6. The Black Swan di Darren Aronofsky. Lo specchio come indagine psicanalitica sulla pazzia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Casella

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Darren Aronofsky's 'The Black Swan' is certainly one of the most emblematic and controversial movie of the recent years. Considered a masterpiece or panned brutally, echo’s a long line of films that led themselves to a psychoanalytic analysis. In attempt to give a proper interpretation of the imaginary film work, strongly linked to the theme of the double and the mirror, were used two founders of the philosophy of mind: Singmund Freud and Otto Rank.

  7. ANALISIS PENGARUH CAPITAL ADEQUACY RATIO (CAR) DAN NON PERFORMING LOAN (NPL) TERHADAP LOAN TO DEPOSIT RATIO (LDR) PADA BANK BUMN PERSERO DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    TANGKO, IRENE LASTRY FARDANI

    2012-01-01

    Non Performing Loan (NPL)Analisis Pengaruh Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) dan Non Performing Loan (NPL) Terhadap Loan to Deposit Ratio (LDR) Pada Bank BUMN Persero Di Indonesia Analysis ofEffect ofCapitalAdequacy Ratio (CAR) and theNon-PerformingLoan(NPL) AgainstLoanto DepositRatio (LDR) Thestate-owned bankinIndonesiaPersero Irene Lastry Fardani Tangko Otto R. Payangan Maat pono Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) dan Non Performin...

  8. Näitus "Sajand eesti puugravüüri klotsidel" / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus 15. I-3. II eksponeeritud ja rahvusraamatukogu kollektsioonist koostatud näitusest "Sajand eesti puugravüüri klotsidel: 1840-1940". Järgmistest kunstnikest ja nende töödest: Aleksander Otto Gern, Bogdan Gottlieb Friedrich Kally, August Daugell, Hermann Eduard Hartmann, Eduard Magnus Jakobson, Mart Pukits, Andres Kuusk, Karl Friedrich Schnell, Anton Suurkask (1873-1965), Arkadio Laigo, Hando Mugasto, Eduard Järv, Richard Kaljo, Ott Kangilaski, Ants Puks (1918-?), Salome Trei

  9. 40 CFR 86.1805-01 - Useful life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Useful life. 86.1805-01 Section 86... Complete Otto-Cycle Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.1805-01 Useful life. (a) For light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks, intermediate useful life is a period of use of 5 years or 50,000 miles, whichever occurs...

  10. Rembrandt Kadrioru lossis / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2000-01-01

    Kadrioru lossi kuppelsaali tundmatu meistri laemaali maalimise ajalugu. Maali aluseks on Rembrandti maal "Diana suplus". Laemaal on maalitud Magdalena de Passe (1600-1638) vasegravüüri põhjal, mis on tehtud Rembrandti maalist. Rembrandt on lähtunud Antonio Tempesta (1555-1630) kahest gravüürist, viimane on lähtunud Otto van Veeni (1556-1629) maalist

  11. The DOZZ formula from the path integral

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kupiainen, Antti; Rhodes, Rémi; Vargas, Vincent

    2018-05-01

    We present a rigorous proof of the Dorn, Otto, Zamolodchikov, Zamolodchikov formula (the DOZZ formula) for the 3 point structure constants of Liouville Conformal Field Theory (LCFT) starting from a rigorous probabilistic construction of the functional integral defining LCFT given earlier by the authors and David. A crucial ingredient in our argument is a probabilistic derivation of the reflection relation in LCFT based on a refined tail analysis of Gaussian multiplicative chaos measures.

  12. Influence of zeolite treated with sulphuric acid and sodium hydroxide on the coagulation-flocculation process of drainage. Influencia de la zeolita tratada con acido sulfurico y con hidroxido de sodio en el proceso de coagulacion floculacion en aguas superficiales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutierrez Duque, M; Herrera Vasconcelos, T; Laria Piedra, N

    1994-01-01

    The present paper has had as objective the treatment of natural zeolite from Tasajera with sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide (residuals acid and basic from the regeneration of cationic and anionic resins of the ''Otto Parallada'' thermoelectric plant) at different times and concentrations, with a further comparison and testing of the effectiveness of the obtained zeolite in respect to the natural one as a coadyuvant of the coagulation-flocculation process in the treatment of superficial water. (Author)

  13. Best-First Heuristic Search for Multicore Machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Otto, 1998) to implement an asynchronous version of PRA* that they call Hash Distributed A* ( HDA *). HDA * distributes nodes using a hash function in...nodes which are being communicated between peers are in transit. In contact with the authors of HDA *, we have created an implementation of HDA * for...Also, our implementation of HDA * allows us to make a fair comparison between algorithms by sharing common data structures such as priority queues and

  14. Studi Awal Desain Pebble Bed Reactor Berbasis Htr-pm Dengan Skema Resirkulasi Bahan Bakar Once-through-then-out

    OpenAIRE

    Setiadipura, Topan; Pane, Jupiter Sitorus; Zuhair, Zuhair

    2016-01-01

    STUDI AWAL DESAIN PEBBLE BED REACTOR BERBASIS HTR-PM DENGAN RESIRKULASI BAHAN BAKAR ONCE-THROUGH-THEN-OUT. Reaktor nuklir tipe pebble bed reactor (PBR) adalah salah satu reaktor canggih dengan fitur keselamatan pasif yang kuat. Pada desain tipe ini berpotensi untuk dilakukan kogenerasi yang bermanfaat untuk pengolahan berbagai mineral di berbagai pulau di Indonesia. Operasi PBR dapat lebih disederhanakan dengan menerapkan skema pengisian bahan bakar once-through-then-out (OTTO) dimana bahan b...

  15. Role of SIRT6 in Metabolic Reprogramming During Colorectal Carcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    pathway. To test this possibility, we analyzed the activation of oncogenic signaling pathways in SIRT6-deficient cells. Because deregulation of most...that SIRT6 sits at a critical metabolic node, modulating both glycolytic metabolism and ribosome biosynthesis (Figure 7L). SIRT6 deficiency deregulates ...C. Metabolic reprogramming: driving tumorigenesis from the origin In 1966, at the meeting of Nobel-Laureates at Lindau, Germany , Otto Warburg

  16. Electric power production from the biogas resulting of the sewer treatment: pilot project of the Sewer Treatment Station (ETE) in the Barueri city in the Great Sao Paulo; Producao de energia eletrica a partir do biogas resultante do tratamento de esgoto: projeto piloto na E.T.E. de Barueri na Grande Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coelho, Suani Teixeira; Martins, Osvaldo Stella; Guardabassi, Patricia; Costa, David Freire da; Avellar, Luiz Henrique Nobre [Centro Nacional de Referencia em Biomassa (CENBIO), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: suani@iee.usp.br; Krovosac, Antonio Carlos Bacic [Companhia de Saneamento Basico do Estado de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: acbacic@sabesp.com.br

    2002-07-01

    This paper describes a system for biogas conversion to electric power and heat by using a micro turbine and three Otto cycle engines. The benefit of the energy from a treatment process residue aims the improvement of the global performance of the system, reducing the the emission of the greenhouse gases and contributing to the global energetic efficiency of the sewage treatment station and the basic sanitation in Brazil.

  17. Core management studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biele, B.; Dworak, Anton

    1974-03-15

    The aim of the here presented two studies is to investigate the possibilities of achieving an axial graduated power distribution, similar to the powershape present in a Pebbelbed-HTR with the OTTO-refueling-management. Two schemes were investigated, in Part 1, the results of the "Axial-Pushthrough" are quoted whereas in Part 2 the first results of the "Layer Loading System" (LLS) are given.

  18. Regional Analysis of Historic Farmstead Archeological Site Characteristics on DoD Installations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    of materials was being produced to support the expanding population. Eager to increase the colonial footprint and lessen the population stress at...raising cattle and pigs. Small-scale agriculturalists often raised 3– 10 cows and similar numbers of swine (Otto 1986). These numbers often increased on...structure that heated food and the home. A loft above the main living space was included in farmhouse designs to provide additional family living

  19. Un-Building Blocks: A Model of Reverse Engineering and Applicable Heuristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Inclusion relationships of root events, events, and subevents .................179  Table 5.  Formal specification of reverse engineering model using Monterey...intend to stay technologically competitive at personal as well as societal levels. Third, reverse engineering is important for pedagogical reasons. It is...increasingly blurred (Anderson, 2012).4 Third, reverse engineering can be a pedagogical tool (Otto & Wood, 2000; O’Brien, 2010; Halsmer, 2013

  20. Integrating the persons communicating

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermann, Jesper

    2011-01-01

    The paper presents some grounds for the working out of insights developed by Roy Harris and the fellow integrationalists, including the person-centered focus of Otto Jespersen when dealing with future communication studies. Whenever we are speaking of ‘something verbal’, immediately we are opening...... of ‘language’ evaporates, and we are left solely with persons and their understandings, actions and expressions to be investigated by us professionals, collaborating with the persons under scrutiny....

  1. Rukkikrahvi Sangaste loss / Airi Hallik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallik, Airi, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Sangaste lossi (arhitekt Otto Pius Hippius, ehitusmeister Rudolf Maag, 1879-1883) ajaloost, omanikest, arhitektuurist, parkmetsast, legendidest, Bergide suguvõsa vapist jm. Lossi lasi ehitada krahv Friedrich Georg Magnus von Berg. Talli ja veetorni kavandasid Paul Alisch ja R. Bernhard. 2004. a. sai lossi haldajaks OÜ Lossihaldus. Lossi restaureerimisest, haldaja tulevikuplaanidest. Parkmetsa on püstitatud sammas metsaülemale Herbert Raap'ile. 18 ill

  2. Buddolog Otton Ottonovitsh Rozenberg i Estonia / Mart Läänemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Läänemets, Mart

    2006-01-01

    Vana-Liivimaal sündinud ülemaailmse tuntusega orientalist Otto Rosenberg arendas edasi Vassili Vassiljevi ideed "graafilisest alfabeedist" - hieroglüüfide järjestatusest nende graafiliste elementide järgi, temast sai Peterburi ülikooli esimene doktor jaapani keele ja kirjanduse alal, ta suri Tallinnas 26. novembril 1919 ja maeti Kopli kalmistule. Lisatud dokumendid, mis tõestavad tema surma 1919. aasta sügisel Tallinnas

  3. Targeting Increased Polyamine Transport of Resistant Melanomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-01

    NanoCulture Plates (NCP, from SCIVAX Life Sciences ) which is a scaffold-based 3D culture system in which cells can easily form spheroids. The...on society beyond science and technology? The impact of this project will be a new therapy for melanoma patients that will prevent tumor...new drug design predicated upon non- polyamine based platforms. 2. Title: I-Corps: Orlando Pharmaceuticals PI: Phanstiel, Otto Supporting Agency

  4. Heat pump heating with heat pumps driven by combustion engines or turbines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hein, K

    1977-01-27

    The heat pump described is driven by a gas Otto cycle engine, or a gas- or light- or heavy-oil fired Diesel engine. The claim refers to the use of waste heat of the engines by feeding into the input circuit of the heat pump. In addition, a drive by an electrical motor-generator or power production can be selected at times of peak load in the electrical supply network.

  5. The levels of psychological functioning of personality and the mechanisms of defense

    OpenAIRE

    Benítez Camacho, Erika; Chávez-León, Enrique; Ontiveros Uribe, Martha Patricia; Yunes Jiménez, Arlette; Náfate López, Omar

    2010-01-01

    Otto Kernberg states three types of personality organizations, also named psychological functional levels. They reflect the patient's predominant psychological characteristics: identity integration grade, defense mechanisms, and reality test. In mental disorders, the predominant defensive influences significantly in the severity and evolution of the suffering. Objectives The objective of the actual study was to determine the usage of defense mechanisms by patients with some mental disorder, g...

  6. Always at the correct temperature. Thermal management with electric coolant pump; Immer richtig temperiert. Thermomanagement mit elektrischer Kuehlmittelpumpe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Genster, A.; Stephan, W. [Pierburg GmbH, Neuss (Germany)

    2004-11-01

    Through the use of the electric coolant pump it has become possible for the first time to attain a cooling performance which is adapted precisely to the engine load and which is independent of engine speed. For cooling the new BMW six cylinder in-line Otto engine with an engine power rating of 190 kW, the electric coolant pump by Pierburg requires only 200 W of electrical power from the onboard electrical system. (orig.)

  7. 80 aastat tagasi : Detsember 1926 / Mati Märtin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märtin, Mati

    2006-01-01

    Muusikasündmustest 80 aastat tagasi: Enrico Bossi oratooriumi "Kaotatud paradiis" esitusest Estonia Muusika Osakonna segakoori poolt Juhan Aaviku juhatusel 28. märtsil Tallinna Kaarli kirikus. Vaimuliku muusika õhtutest prof. August Topmani eestvõttel Tallinna Jaani kirikus. J. S. Bachi muusikale pühendatud õhtust 5. dets. Tartu ülikooli kirikus. David Otto Wirkhausi mälestuskontserdist Maarja Kiriku Lauluseltsi eestvõttel Pauluse kirikus 12. dets.Tartus

  8. Čokoládovny v oblasti Podmokel pod vedením saských průmyslníků (1853-1918)

    OpenAIRE

    Syrová, Tereza

    2010-01-01

    This graduation thesis describes life in the border village Podmokly in the period between 1853-1918. The author presents the penetration of the Saxon capital at this time and further developing the business mostly Germans from Saxony in the chocolate industry. It focuses on chocolate, which at that time originated in the village, and the chocolate Jordan & Timaeus, Hartwig & Vogel, and Otto Rüger. Initially focused on the development of village Podmokly, the characteristic time, the amount o...

  9. Borderline organization of personality in adulthood and adolescence

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandra Mura

    2011-01-01

    About the middle of the 1950 it was proposed the definition of borderline disorder to classify some of the clinical manifestations that they are not explained by neurosis and psychosis theory. The structural approach of Otto Kernberg has been particular relief to understand the borderline disorder. O. Kernberg has been suggested theborderline organization of personality, to outline a typical permanent pathological functioning underlying string of psychopathologic syndromes associated by a sta...

  10. Fuel consumption in an air blower for agricultural use under different operating conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Robson L. da

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Evaluation of fuel consumption in internal combustion engines (ICE) of agricultural machinery and equipment is important in determining the performance under various operating conditions, especially when using biofuels. This study consisted of experimental evaluation of the gasoline (petrol)/ethanol consumption in a two-stroke 1-cylinder ICE, Otto cycle, functioning as an air blower for agriculture and related applications. A methodology for tests of non-automotive ICE, based on ABNT...

  11. Enhanced efficiency of internal combustion engines by employing spinning gas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geyko, V I; Fisch, N J

    2014-08-01

    The efficiency of the internal combustion engine might be enhanced by employing spinning gas. A gas spinning at near sonic velocities has an effectively higher heat capacity, which allows practical fuel cycles, which are far from the Carnot efficiency, to approach more closely the Carnot efficiency. A remarkable gain in fuel efficiency is shown to be theoretically possible for the Otto and Diesel cycles. The use of a flywheel, in principle, could produce even greater increases in efficiency.

  12. Maximum Work of Free-Piston Stirling Engine Generators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kojima, Shinji

    2017-04-01

    Using the method of adjoint equations described in Ref. [1], we have calculated the maximum thermal efficiencies that are theoretically attainable by free-piston Stirling and Carnot engine generators by considering the work loss due to friction and Joule heat. The net work done by the Carnot cycle is negative even when the duration of heat addition is optimized to give the maximum amount of heat addition, which is the same situation for the Brayton cycle described in our previous paper. For the Stirling cycle, the net work done is positive, and the thermal efficiency is greater than that of the Otto cycle described in our previous paper by a factor of about 2.7-1.4 for compression ratios of 5-30. The Stirling cycle is much better than the Otto, Brayton, and Carnot cycles. We have found that the optimized piston trajectories of the isothermal, isobaric, and adiabatic processes are the same when the compression ratio and the maximum volume of the same working fluid of the three processes are the same, which has facilitated the present analysis because the optimized piston trajectories of the Carnot and Stirling cycles are the same as those of the Brayton and Otto cycles, respectively.

  13. The poetry of (POP) science

    CERN Document Server

    Rosaria Marraffino

    2015-01-01

    Only one person from CERN, Thomas Otto, was among the winners of the POPScience international poetry competition recently run in the framework of the EU-funded project of the same name. The TE Departmental Safety Officer won in the English category with three poems inspired by CERN and its people.   Thomas Otto in Building 180 with an LHC magnet, one of the sources of inspiration of his poetry.   After participating as a volunteer in the 2014 European Researchers’ Night – when the POPScience poetry competition was officially launched – Thomas Otto decided to take part in the contest with three poems inspired by CERN. “I’ve always been interested in poetry, but only as a reader,” says Thomas. “At that point I felt inspired and I began to think about all the associations and metaphors I could create to describe CERN and its life to a non-scientific audience.” The three poems pay homage to the LHC, the CM...

  14. Preliminary Evaluation of a Turbine/Rotary Combustion Compound Engine for a Subsonic Transport. [fuel consumption and engine tests of turbofan engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Civinskas, K. C.; Kraft, G. A.

    1976-01-01

    The fuel consumption of a modern compound engine with that of an advanced high pressure ratio turbofan was compared. The compound engine was derived from a turbofan engine by replacing the combustor with a rotary combustion (RC) engine. A number of boost pressure ratios and compression ratios were examined. Cooling of the RC engine was accomplished by heat exchanging to the fan duct. Performance was estimated with an Otto-cycle for two levels of energy lost to cooling. The effects of added complexity on cost and maintainability were not examined and the comparison was solely in terms of cruise performance and weight. Assuming a 25 percent Otto-cycle cooling loss (representative of current experience), the best compound engine gave a 1.2 percent improvement in cruise. Engine weight increased by 23 percent. For a 10 percent Otto-cycle cooling loss (representing advanced insulation/high temperature materials technology), a compound engine with a boost PR of 10 and a compression ratio of 10 gave an 8.1 percent lower cruise than the reference turbofan.

  15. Small-scale bio fuelled heat and power - requirements for standardized technical and fuel solutions from a systems perspective; Smaaskalig biobraenslebaserad kraftvaerme - foerutsaettningar foer standardiserade loesningar med avseende paa teknik och braenslen i ett systemperspektiv

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nystroem, Olle; Johansson, Kent; Steinwall, Pontus [Sycon Energikonsult AB, Malmoe (Sweden)

    2001-01-01

    Different techniques for small-scale heat and power generation have been investigated. The included cycles are steam turbine, diesel engine, Otto engine, Stirling engine, gas turbine and organic Rankine cycle (ORC). For steam turbines, Stirling engine, and indirectly fired gas turbines, the combustion can be placed in a relatively conventional furnace, which gives a fairly free choice of fuel. In other cycles like the traditional gas turbine cycle, diesel engine and Otto engine, the fuel should be in the gas or liquid phase. Experiments are in progress to use wood pf (pulverised fuel) as fuel. The technique for plants based on steam turbine, diesel engine, Otto engine, conventional gas turbine and ORC based on different forms of bio fuel exist already today. For Stirling engine, gas turbine with HAT cycle (Humid Air Turbine) and indirectly fired gas turbine further development is needed before the technique will be commercially available using bio fuel. An interesting process coupling is a gas engine combined with a gasifier. This coupling can be a competitive choice to the other processes if the problems with gas cleaning can be solved.

  16. Mr Bjarne Mork-Eidem, Director General, Norwegian State Audit

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2003-01-01

    Photos 01,02: Mr Bjarne Mørk-Eidem, Auditor General of Norway (centre) visiting the ATLAS assembly hall in building 180, with from left to right: Prof. Steinar Stapnes, University of Oslo ; Mr Per Ivar Lied, Permanent Mission of Norway, Geneva ; Prof. Egil Lillestøl, University of Bergen and Mr Jan Otto Jøranli, Office of the Auditor General of Norway, May 2003. Photo 03: Mr Bjarne Mørk-Eidem, Auditor General of Norway (left) visiting the ATLAS assembly hall in building 180, with from left to right: Mr Jan Otto Jøranli, Office of the Auditor General of Norway ; Prof. Steinar Stapnes, University of Oslo and Prof. Egil Lillestøl, University of Bergen, May 2003. Photo 04: Mr Bjarne Mørk-Eidem, Auditor General of Norway, during his visit of the ATLAS assembly hall in building 180, May 2003. Photo 05: From left to right: Mr Jan Otto Jøranli, Office of the Auditor General of Norway ; Mr Bjarne Mørk-Eidem, Auditor General of Norway; Prof. Egil Lillestøl, University of Bergen and Prof. Steinar Stapnes, Univ...

  17. Effect of the Miller cycle on the performance of turbocharged hydrogen internal combustion engines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luo, Qing-he; Sun, Bai-gang

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • The Miller cycle can increase power density for turbocharged hydrogen engines. • The boundaries is limited by the turbocharged system and valve lift. • Broke power and BSFC of using Miller cycle is the best in three technical methods. - Abstract: Hydrogen is a promising energy carrier, and the port fuel injection (PFI) is a fuel-flexible, durable, and relatively cheap method of energy conversion. However, the contradiction of increasing the power density and controlling NOx emissions limits the wide application of PFI hydrogen internal combustion engines. To address this issue, two typical thermodynamic cycles—the Miller and Otto cycles—are studied based on the calculation model proposed in this study. The thermodynamic cycle analyses of the two cycles are compared and results show that the thermal efficiency of the Miller cycle (η_M_i_l_l_e_r) is higher than η_O_t_t_o, when the multiplied result of the inlet pressure and Miller cycle coefficient (δ_Mγ_M) is larger than that of the Otto cycle (i.e., the value of the inlet pressure ratio multiplied by the Miller cycle coefficient is larger than the value of the inlet pressure ratio of the Otto cycle). The results also show that the intake valve closure (IVC) of the Miller cycle is limited by the inlet pressure and valve lift. The two factors show the boundaries of the Miller cycle in increasing the power density of the turbocharged PFI hydrogen engine. The ways of lean burn + Otto cycle (LO), stoichiometric equivalence ratio burn + EGR + Otto cycle (SEO) and Miller cycle in turbocharged hydrogen engine are compared, the results show that the Miller cycle has the highest power density and the lowest BSFC among the three methods at an engine speed of 2800 rpm and NOx emissions below 100 ppm. The brake power of the Miller cycle increases by 37.7% higher than that of the LO and 26.3% higher than that of SEO, when γ_M is 0.7. The BSFC of the Miller cycle decreases by 16% lower than that of

  18. [Not Available.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, Eberhard

    In the center stage of this third and last part of the author's treatise about the life and the oeuvre of the German humanist, biochemist, and Nobel Prize Winner Otto MEYERHOF (1884-1951) is the first half of his life. As a young man, in the age of 16 and after a severe renal disease, Otto MEYERHOF spent 1900/1901 five months in Egypt, where he, led by his cousin Max MEYERHOF, Egyptologist and Ophthalmologist, studied the country and its people as well as its architecture and history. During his medical courses he became acquainted with the philosopher Leonard NELSON, who stimulated him to study the Kantian-Friesian philosophy, about which he published several papers. Simultaneously MEYERHOF became seriously interested in GOETHE'S method of natural investigation. About this topic he gave two famous lectures, 1909 in Berlin and 1949 in his American exile in New York. From 1903 MEYERHOF attended medical courses and conducted advanced training courses for workers at the University of Berlin. 1907 in the Heidelberg philosophical circle MEYERHOF became acquainted with Otto WARBURG. 1909 MEYERHOF earned a doctorate in medicine with the thesis "Contributions to a psychological theory of mental disorders". In the years 1911/12 a deep change occurred in MEYERHOF'S scientific career, in the course of which he turned to active experimental research in natural science. However, MEYERHOF remained true to philosophy and his friendship to Leonard NELSON. When Otto MEYERHOF in 1911 obtained a Badian scholarship for experimental research work in the Zoological Station in Naples, a tight collaboration with Otto WARBURG in sea urchin egg biology began. In 1912 MEYERHOF published a famous paper on "The energetics of cellular processes", which became the guideline for his prospective scientific work. In the same year he habilitated at the Medical School of the Kiel University with an enzymological study, and he joined the Physiological Institute of Kiel as unpaid private lecturer

  19. Large modular pebble-bed reactors with passive safety properties as a contribution for catastrophe-free nuclear technology. Flexibility in design and application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eladly, H.

    1996-01-01

    Worldwide investigations are carried out for different reactor concepts, in order to realize nuclear energy production in modular power plants. In that concept several small or middle sized reactors are joined together in a modular way to form one power plant. The size of MODUL-reactors is designed in such a way, that exclusively inherent safety properties perform the control of accidents without active technical proceedings. In order to achieve this, the reactor should be relatively small. On the other hand, it should be relatively large for economic and competitive reasons. The range of possible development of the modular pebble-bed reactor for raising the power output are discussed in this study. Based on the MODUL 200 MW concept, the design of the 'Great-Modul-Medul' reactor (GMM) with a power output of 500 MWth is introduced, in which the loading modus MEDUL is applied with repeated circulation of the spheres through the core. A 'Great-Modul-OTTO' GMO with a power output of 400 MWth is designed with only one pass of the pebbles (OTTO). In comparison to the GMM, that has the advantage of being simpler in construction and in the method of operation. Furthermore, another simplification is studied consisting of the combination (PO) of 'Peu a Peu' and 'OTTO' loading modus. All designed cases show a favourable flexibility when changing the application of the reactor from steam cycle to gas turbine cycle or to seawater desalination. The study outlines, that the inherently determined limitation of the excess temperature in case of a loss coolant accident and the ability for controling the water ingress reactivity are maintained for all variants being considered. (orig.) [de

  20. Development of Monte Carlo-based pebble bed reactor fuel management code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Setiadipura, Topan; Obara, Toru

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • A new Monte Carlo-based fuel management code for OTTO cycle pebble bed reactor was developed. • The double-heterogeneity was modeled using statistical method in MVP-BURN code. • The code can perform analysis of equilibrium and non-equilibrium phase. • Code-to-code comparisons for Once-Through-Then-Out case were investigated. • Ability of the code to accommodate the void cavity was confirmed. - Abstract: A fuel management code for pebble bed reactors (PBRs) based on the Monte Carlo method has been developed in this study. The code, named Monte Carlo burnup analysis code for PBR (MCPBR), enables a simulation of the Once-Through-Then-Out (OTTO) cycle of a PBR from the running-in phase to the equilibrium condition. In MCPBR, a burnup calculation based on a continuous-energy Monte Carlo code, MVP-BURN, is coupled with an additional utility code to be able to simulate the OTTO cycle of PBR. MCPBR has several advantages in modeling PBRs, namely its Monte Carlo neutron transport modeling, its capability of explicitly modeling the double heterogeneity of the PBR core, and its ability to model different axial fuel speeds in the PBR core. Analysis at the equilibrium condition of the simplified PBR was used as the validation test of MCPBR. The calculation results of the code were compared with the results of diffusion-based fuel management PBR codes, namely the VSOP and PEBBED codes. Using JENDL-4.0 nuclide library, MCPBR gave a 4.15% and 3.32% lower k eff value compared to VSOP and PEBBED, respectively. While using JENDL-3.3, MCPBR gave a 2.22% and 3.11% higher k eff value compared to VSOP and PEBBED, respectively. The ability of MCPBR to analyze neutron transport in the top void of the PBR core and its effects was also confirmed

  1. 80 Years of Zentralblatt MATH

    CERN Document Server

    Teschke, Olaf; Werner, Dirk

    2011-01-01

    Founded in 1931 by Otto Neugebauer as the printed documentation service "Zentralblatt fur Mathematik und ihre Grenzgebiete", Zentralblatt MATH (ZBMATH) celebrates its 80th anniversary in 2011. Today it is the most comprehensive and active reference database in pure and applied mathematics worldwide. Many prominent mathematicians have been involved in this service as reviewers or editors and have, like all mathematicians, left their footprints in ZBMATH, in a long list of entries describing all of their research publications in mathematics. This book provides one review from each of t

  2. Implementación de un generador de hidrógeno de celda seca en un vehículo Chevrolet Steem 1.6L

    OpenAIRE

    Quezada Romero, Edison Miguel; Torres Gualan, Diego Fernando

    2014-01-01

    El documento consiste en la implementación de un generador de gas hidrógeno de celda seca en un vehículo Chevrolet Steem 1.6L, con el fin de adicionar gas hidrógeno a la mezcla aire-combustible que utilizan los motores de combustión interna ciclo Otto con el fin de obtener una combustión completa, reduciendo así la cantidad de emisiones de gases contaminantes hacia la atmosfera. The document consists of implementing a hydrogen gas generator cell dry Steem Chevrolet 1.6L vehicle, in order t...

  3. The calculus a genetic approach

    CERN Document Server

    Toeplitz, Otto

    2007-01-01

    When first published posthumously in 1963, this book presented a radically different approach to the teaching of calculus.  In sharp contrast to the methods of his time, Otto Toeplitz did not teach calculus as a static system of techniques and facts to be memorized. Instead, he drew on his knowledge of the history of mathematics and presented calculus as an organic evolution of ideas beginning with the discoveries of Greek scholars, such as Archimedes, Pythagoras, and Euclid, and developing through the centuries in the work of Kepler, Galileo, Fermat, Newton, and Leibniz. Through this unique a

  4. Simulación de procesos termodinámicos cuasi ideales orientados a la generación de trabajo mecánico. Evaluación de combinaciones posibles para su aplicación en motores alternativos de combustión o de aportación de calor

    OpenAIRE

    Llop Garcia, Xavier

    2009-01-01

    El objetivo del presente proyecto es la obtención de una herramienta informática que, gracias a un modelo matemático, simule los procesos termodinámicos de la fase cerrada de un motor alternativo de combustión interna. El motor que se pretende simular puede seguir un ciclo Otto o un ciclo Diesel y ser alimentado por distintos tipos de combustible. Para la obtención del modelo matemático se aceptaran ciertas hipótesis de simplificación debido a la complejidad de los procesos que tienen luga...

  5. An American View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    France Jancène-Jaigu

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available La comtesse Mona Bismarck, contrairement à ce que semble indiquer son nom, était une américaine de souche : née dans le Kentucky, elle doit son titre de noblesse au comte Edward Bismarck, petit-neveu du chancelier Otto Bismarck, qu’elle épouse en secondes noces. Dans les années 20, Salvador Dali, Cecil Beaton ou Edward Steichen immortalisent sa beauté. La comtesse fréquente artistes, hommes de lettres et chefs d’Etat. Son esprit curieux la pousse à collectionner livres et œuvres d’art.La fond...

  6. Electric and hybrid vehicle environmental control subsystem study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heitner, K. L.

    1980-01-01

    An environmental control subsystem (ECS) in electric and hybrid vehicles is studied. A combination of a combustion heater and gasoline engine (Otto cycle) driven vapor compression air conditioner is selected. The combustion heater, the small gasoline engine, and the vapor compression air conditioner are commercially available. These technologies have good cost and performance characteristics. The cost for this ECS is relatively close to the cost of current ECS's. Its effect on the vehicle's propulsion battery is minimal and the ECS size and weight do not have significant impact on the vehicle's range.

  7. The chaos avant-garde memories of the early days of chaos theory

    CERN Document Server

    Abraham, Ralph H

    2001-01-01

    This book is an authoritative and unique reference for the history of chaos theory, told by the pioneers themselves. It also provides an excellent historical introduction to the concepts. There are eleven contributions, and six of them are published here for the first time - two by Steve Smale, three by Yoshisuke Ueda, and one each by Ralph Abraham, Edward Lorenz, Christian Mira, Floris Takens, T Y Li and James A Yorke, and Otto E Rossler. Contents: On How I Got Started in Dynamical Systems 1959-1962 (S Smale); Finding a Horseshoe on the Beaches of Rio (S Smale); Strange Attractors and the Ori

  8. Determinación comparativa de la calidad sensorial y química de salchichas industrializadas con salchichas a base de carne de pato (Anas platyrhynchos)

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Torres, Germán Saúl

    2014-01-01

    El presente trabajo de Investigación tiene como objetivo realizar una determinación comparativa de la calidad sensorial y química de salchichas industrializadas con salchichas a base de carne de pato. El trabajo se realizó utilizando las marcas más conocidas del mercado como: Otto Kunz, Breadt y la Segoviana, haciendo una prueba de análisis sensorial mediante la degustación de dichas salchichas mencionadas, realizado por un grupo de estudiantes de la Escuela Profesional de Ingeniería de Alime...

  9. Theory U as a conceptual framework for Christian education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zeitler, Ullrich Martin Rudenko

    2014-01-01

    In late modern society, wide-spread secularization and compulsory development challenge religious education. Otto Scharmer’s development theory, Theory U, is assumed to give an answer to how we might work with Christian education. It is argued, that the concepts of letting-go, presencing and lett...... and letting-come are giving an adequate conceptual framework for new professionalism in Christian education. Using Theory U will bring practical theology in line with the new third-generation approach which is conducive of sustainable practice....

  10. Development of the German mineral oil market in 1995. Pt. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mohnfeld, J.; Heinze, W.

    1996-01-01

    Following a brief glance at the boundary conditions for the German market (world oil market, inland energy consumption), the development of inland sales is described. One after one, the mineral oil products Otto engine fuel, diesel fuel, light fuel oil and heavy fuel oil are considered. Further sections deal with crude oil supply, the supply of mineral oil produce, refinery production, the development in the sales sector, the profit situation of the mineral oil industry, the development of prices (according to products) and expenditure in foreign exchange for mineral oil. The article contains numerous tables and graphs; comparisons with the years previously illustrate development trends. (UA) [de

  11. Optical Observation of Low Mass X-Ray Binary J1753.4-0126

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paez, Aurelio; Mason, Paul A.; Robinson, E. L.

    2011-10-01

    We conducted optical observations of the black hole candidate J1753.4-0126 with the 82 inch (2.1 m) Otto Struve Telescope at the McDonald Observatory. A total of 20 nights of data were collected from May 2010 through June 2011. Data was reduced using the Interactive Reduction and Analysis Facility (IRAF). We present the resulting light curves. We discuss our progress in this analysis, which uses a phase dispersion minimization code in order to find periodicity. This research is supported by a National Science Foundation Partnership in Astronomy and Astrophysics Research and Education (PAARE) grant to the University of Texas at El Paso.

  12. Belated recognition: Lise Meitner's role in the discovery of fission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sime, R.L.

    1990-01-01

    Although physicist Lise Meitner is known for the first theoretical explanation of nuclear fission, the discovery itself is generally attributed only to her co-workers Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann. In fact, however, Meitner was essential to the discovery at every phase: she brought the uranium investigation to Berlin, led the Berlin group for four years, and, even after fleeing Germany, provided the critical direction which culminated in the identification of barium in December 1983. Recognition of Lise Meitner's contributions remedies a significant historical omission, and places the discovery itself in its proper scientific context. (author) 48 refs

  13. Influence of zeolite treated with sulphuric acid and sodium hydroxide on the coagulation-flocculation process of drainage. Influencia de la zeolita tratada con acido sulfurico y con hidroxido de sodio en el proceso de coagulacion floculacion en aguas superficiales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutierrez Duque, M.; Herrera Vasconcelos, T.; Laria Piedra, N.

    1994-01-01

    The present paper has had as objective the treatment of natural zeolite from Tasajera with sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide (residuals acid and basic from the regeneration of cationic and anionic resins of the ''Otto Parallada'' thermoelectric plant) at different times and concentrations, with a further comparison and testing of the effectiveness of the obtained zeolite in respect to the natural one as a coadyuvant of the coagulation-flocculation process in the treatment of superficial water. (Author)

  14. A multi-stage-flash desalination plant of relative small performance with an integrated pressurized water reactor as a nuclear heat source

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peltzer, M.; Petersen, G.

    1976-01-01

    In the Krupp-GKSS joint study MINIPLEX the requirements for seawater-desalination-plants with a performance in the range of 10,000 to 80,000 m 3 /d heated by a nuclear reactor are investigated. The reactor concept is similar to the integrated pressurized water reactor (IPWR) of the nuclear ship OTTO HAHN. The calculated costs of the desalinated water show, that due to the fuel cost advantages of reactors small and medium nuclear desalination plants are economically competetive with oil-fired plants since the steep rise of oil price in autumn 1973. (orig.) [de

  15. Implicações químicas na sistemática e filogenia de Bignoniaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franciane Auxiliadora Cipriani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Our solemn homage to the great Master Otto R. Gottlieb who knew how to teach the mystery of evolutionary relationships between chemistry and its natural sources. The micromolecular chemical study of the family Bignoniaceae shows a profile predominantly characterized by the occurrence of metabolites derived from acetic acid biosynthetic pathways such as terpenoids, quinones, flavonoids and special aromatic derivatives. Analysis of different chemosystematic parameters for the metabolite data collected, provided valuable information for the systematic characterization of the Bignoniaceae family within the Angiosperm derived taxa.

  16. The birth of the fuel cell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prohaska, Don

    2001-12-01

    Everyone knows that Thomas Alva Edison invented the light bulb, Alexander Graham Bell the telephone and that the Otto and Diesel engines were invented by two Germans bearing those names. But who invented the fuel cell? Fuel cells generate electricity with virtually zero pollution by combining gaseous fuels and air. There are different types generally described as high temperature or low temperature fuel cells. Here, Don Prohaska delves into a recently published book: The Birth of the Fuel Cell, by a descendant of one of the fathers of the fuel cell, and sheds new light on the early days of this technology. (Author)

  17. A comparative study of open and closed heat-engines for small-scale CHP applications

    OpenAIRE

    Eames, Ian W.; Evans, Kieran; Pickering, Stephen

    2016-01-01

    In this paper the authors compare and contrast open and closed-cycle heat engines. First of all, by way of example and to aid discussion, the performance of proprietary externally heated closed-cycle Stirling engines is compared with that of internally heated open Otto cycle engines. Both types of engine have disadvantages and merits and this suggested that in order to accommodate the best of both engine types an externally-heated open-cycle engine might offer a more satisfactory solution for...

  18. Fear as 'Disclosure of Truths': The Educational Significance of An Existential-Phenomenological Insight

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jani Kukkola

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article illustrates a particular existential-phenomenological view of the emotion of fear and its connection to self-educative process of grasping the world and gaining self-knowledge. According to this view, originally promoted by Martin Heidegger (1889-1976 and in educational philosophy Otto Friedrich Bollnow (1907-1991, fear is closely connected to a specific understanding of 'unconcealment', or 'disclosure' of truths. In the article it is shown, that this understanding sheds special educational insights on the connection between fear and gaining knowledge.

  19. Pemanfaatan Biogas Sebagai Bahan Bakar Generator Set Motor Bensin

    OpenAIRE

    Kusairi S., Ach; Yangsen, Kelvin

    2015-01-01

    Biogas is a compound formed from the decomposition of organic substances in anaerobic condition, the main constituent of biogas is methane and carbon dioxide, biogas can be used as fuel or otto cycle engine with diesel. In this study, the use of biogas from the landfill Cahaya Kencana then to gasoline motor generator sets using this type with a capacity 1kVA four steps that have been previously modified in order to be able to use biogas, but no purification process before being used as fuel. ...

  20. Dove sta andando l'analisi musicale? Riflessioni sul VII EuroMac

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Baroni

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Come tutti i lettori della Rivista ormai sapranno, si è svolto a Roma dal 29 settembre al 2 ottobre di quest’anno, presso il Conservatorio di S. Cecilia, il settimo convegno europeo di analisi musicale (VII European Music Analysis Conference ossia VII EuroMac. Nel convegno, organizzato dal GATM e diretto da Giorgio Sanguinetti, sono state presentate 197 relazioni e svolti otto laboratori. Tutti i materiali sono stati riassunti in un volume (Programme and Abstract Book, Iter Edizioni di Subiaco curato da Egidio Pozzi e Antonio Cascelli.

  1. The universal power and efficiency characteristics for irreversible reciprocating heat engine cycles

    CERN Document Server

    Qin Xiao Yong; Sun Feng Rui; Wu Chih

    2003-01-01

    The performance of irreversible reciprocating heat engine cycles with heat transfer loss and friction-like term loss is analysed using finite-time thermodynamics. The universal relations between the power output and the compression ratio, between the thermal efficiency and the compression ratio, and the optimal relation between power output and the efficiency of the cycles are derived. Moreover, analysis and optimization of the model were carried out in order to investigate the effect of cycle processes on the performance of the cycle using numerical examples. The results obtained herein include the performance characteristics of irreversible reciprocating Diesel, Otto, Atkinson and Brayton cycles.

  2. Lise Meitner A Life in Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Sime, Ruth Lewin

    1996-01-01

    Lise Meitner (1878-1968) was a pioneer of nuclear physics and co-discoverer, with Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann, of nuclear fission. Braving the sexism of the scientific world, she joined the prestigious Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry and became a prominent member of the international physics community. Of Jewish origin, Meitner fled Nazi Germany for Stockholm in 1938 and later moved to Cambridge, England. Her career was shattered when she fled Germany, and her scientific reputation was damaged when Hahn took full credit-and the 1944 Nobel Prize-for the work they had done together on

  3. Le Visage de la Victoire di Henry De Groux: la riscoperta di un’opera antimilitarista del tempo della Prima guerra mondiale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Morganti

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Il presente intervento è dedicato a un’importante raccolta di incisioni, oggi riscoperta: Le Visage de la Victoire, eseguita dall’artista belga Henry De Groux. Costituita da oltre 40 incisioni (acqueforti e vernici molli, è stata realizzata nel corso della Prima Guerra Mondiale al fine di denunciare l’inutile massacro in corso. Si tratta di opere di ispirazione visionaria, che rivelano significati universali, mettendo il maestro belga in rapporto di affinità con artisti quali Goya e Otto Dix.

  4. Approximate inverse for the common offset acquisition geometry in 2D seismic imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grathwohl, Christine; Kunstmann, Peer; Quinto, Eric Todd; Rieder, Andreas

    2018-01-01

    We explore how the concept of approximate inverse can be used and implemented to recover singularities in the sound speed from common offset measurements in two space dimensions. Numerical experiments demonstrate the performance of the method. We gratefully acknowledge financial support by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) through CRC 1173. Quinto additionally thanks the Otto Mønsteds Fond and U.S. National Science Foundation (under grants DMS 1311558 and DMS 1712207) for their support. He thanks colleagues at DTU and KIT for their warm hospitality while this research was being done.

  5. Retrofitting bus fleet for natural gas operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stella, E.; Foresti, P.

    1992-01-01

    Buses, operating within a Florence (Italy) municipal transportation system, and equipped with Otto cycle engines, were selected for retrofitting taking into account the suitability of each vehicle's specific routing and service requirements. Cost benefit analyses indicated that it wouldn't be economically feasible to retrofit buses equipped with diesel engines. A computerized refuelling system was set up at the fleet's central service station which was hooked up to the natural gas utility's supply line. This paper tables the cost benefit analysis data comparing gasoline and methane operation and reflecting the cost savings which are expected to be accrued through this methanization program over a span of 14 years

  6. Study on Advanced Spray-Guided Gasoline Direct Injection Systems

    OpenAIRE

    VAQUERIZO SÁNCHEZ, DANIEL

    2018-01-01

    Resumen Los sistemas de inyección directa han sido uno de los principales puntos focales de la investigación en motores, particularmente en sistemas Diésel, donde la geometría interna, movimiento de aguja y comportamiento del flujo afectan el spray externo y por tanto determinan completamente el proceso de combustión dentro del motor. Debido a regulaciones medioambientales y al potencial de los (más ineficientes) motores "Otto", grandes esfuerzos se están aportando en inv...

  7. Investigation into the Possibilities of Functioning Catalytic Converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saugirdas Pukalskas

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the principles of catalyst operations and chemical reactions proceeding within. Also, the modes used for defining the efficiency of the catalyst are reviewed. Experimental investigation has been carried out to help with assessing the efficacy of the catalyst according to the concentration of noxious fractions and differences in temperature before and behind the catalyst. Nine Otto engine vehicles have been tested. The applicable contamination level and efficiency of catalyst performance of the vehicles have been set. The conclusion reveals that flowing gas temperature within the vehicle having an effectively performing catalyst is always lower than out flowing gas temperature.

  8. A New Thermodynamic Parameter to Predict Formation of Solid Solution or Intermetallic Phases in High Entropy Alloys (Postprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-02

    George , Relative effects of enthalpy and entropy on the phase stability of equiatomic high-entropy alloys, Acta Mater. 61 (2013) 2628e2638. [4] B... Cantor , I.T.H. Chang, P. Knight, A.J.B. Vincent, Microstructural development in equiatomic multicomponent alloys, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 375e377 (2004...an Al0.5CoCrCuFeNi high entropy alloy, In- termetallics 31 (2012) 165e172. [24] Z. Wu, H. Bei, F. Otto, G.M. Pharr, E.P. George , Recovery

  9. Accelerated Exploration of Multi-principal Element Alloys for Structural Applications (Postprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-27

    S. Ranganathan, High Entropy Alloys, Butterworth-Hei- nemann, London, UK, 2014. [6] B. Cantor , I.T.H. Chang, P. Knight, A.J.B. Vincent, Mater. Sci...Kristallogr.-Cryst. Mater. 230 (2015) 55–68. [14] B. Cantor , Entropy 16 (2014) 4749–4768. [15] O.N. Senkov, C. Woodward, D.B. Miracle, JOM. 66 (2014...2014) 1973–1983. [21] F. Otto, Y. Yang, H. Bei, E.P. George , Acta Mater. 61 (2013) 2628–2638. [22] K.Y. Tsai, M.H. Tsai, J.W. Yeh, Acta Mater. 61

  10. Why worship? Revisiting a fundamental liturgical question

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Cilliers

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article the fundamental liturgical question as to the motive and intention of worship is addressed within the framework of four related liturgical tensions, namely between being and becoming, between time and space, between awe and expression, and between laughter and lament. In order to do this, some classical voices from the past are listened to, for instance, Schleiermacher, Kierkegaard, Moltmann, Tillich, Otto, Bakhtin and Buber, but more contemporary views are also considered. These four tensions are described in the light of the key terms: ‘already’ and ‘not yet’, and some implications for present-day liturgical practices are drawn.

  11. Wedderburn and the theory of labour law: building on Kahn-Freund

    OpenAIRE

    Dukes, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to assess the nature and significance of Lord Wedderburn’s contribution to the elaboration of a theory of labour law. Noting the extent to which Wedderburn was influenced, in this respect as in others, by the work of Otto Kahn-Freund, it focuses on the question of whether Wedderburn ever developed a theory of labour law that was clearly distinguishable from Kahn-Freund’s. Were there significant differences in the two scholars’ expositions of abstentionism, or collective laisse...

  12. Puugravüüriklotsid kõnelevad / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2007-01-01

    Näitus "Sajand eesti puugravüüri klotsidel Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu kollektsioonist" rahvusraamatukogus 15. I - 3. II. Näitusel on vanim klots aastast 1842, noorim 1941. aastast. Kunstnikest (Aleksander Otto Gern, Bogdan Gottlieb Friedrich Kally, August Daugell, Eduard Magnus Jakobson, Mart Pukits, Andres Kuusk, Anton Suurkask, Arkadio Laigo, Hando Mugasto, Eduard Järv, Paul Liivak, Salome Trei, Ott Kangilaski), töödest. Näitust täiendavad Eduard Wiiralti "Tüdruku pea" (1919) kaks linoollõikeplaati

  13. Solar research in the Third Reich

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seiler, Michael P.

    Within the six years of the Second World War, German solar research succeeded in advancing from a mere provincial backwater to the forefront of this science. This has to be attributed to the joint effort of two very different men: Hans Plendl (1900-1991), a seasoned researcher who was a key figure in devising precision bombing aids for the Luftwaffe and who would eventually become Field Marshal Göring's Plenipotentiary for High Frequency Research before finally falling in disgrace, and Karl-Otto Kiepenheuer (1910-1975), a charismatic young astrophysicist, the son of a renowned publisher whose books were burned when the Nazi party came to power in 1933.

  14. Editorial

    OpenAIRE

    Agnieszka Głodowska; Krzysztof Wach

    2017-01-01

    The concept of ‘international entrepreneurship’ (IE), as one can assume, was used for the first time in the doctoral dissertation of Tomas Otto Kohn in 1988 at Harvard. It is most probable that it was published for the first time in the work by John F. Morrow in the same year. A year later, this notion appeared in scientific publications by various authors, including Patricia P. McDougall (at present McDougall-Covin), who together with Benjamin M. Oviatt developed this theory in the foll...

  15. The writing of Mina Loy between the feminine figurations in the late 19th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Bento Pugliesi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This papper will deal with the ambivalence of Mina Loy's thought as presented on her poems and on the Feminist Manifesto, understanding it as a response to European psychology from the turn of the nineteenth century to the twentieth century, especially the conceptions of the feminine by Otto Weininger. In this way, it is intended to understand how a poetic form already carries in itself something of an invective against the masculine way (DERRIDA, 1993 to value the knowledge, which Loy intends to destroy in favor of positive affirmations of a feminine identity.

  16. Ilves : The victims of Communism deserve commemoration and remembrance

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõnest Otto Tiefi valitsuse liikmete fotonäituse avamisel Eesti Pangas 18. septembril 2007. Riigipea väljendas uhkust Eestit 1944. a. ajutiselt valitsenud valitsuse liikmete üle, kes demokraatia ja vabaduse nimel läksid vastu oma ettemääratud saatusele, et keegi ei saaks tulevikus väita, nagu oleks Tallinn 1944. aasta septembris "vabastatud". President esitas taas üleskutse rajada väärikas memoriaal Eesti kümnetele tuhandetele kommunismiohvritele

  17. Cogeneration using small sized series connected units: Feasibility study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tondelli, F.; Bergamini, G.

    1992-01-01

    This paper evidences the technical/economic feasibility of the use of methane fuelled modular cogeneration systems based on small series connected Otto or Diesel cycle engines delivering from 20 to 90 kW of power. Ample reference is made to the successful application of modular cogeneration systems to supply low temperature thermal energy to hospitals, hotels, food processing firms, etc., in Italy. The cost benefit analysis covers many aspects: design, manufacturing, operation, performance, maintenance and safety. Suggestions are also made as to optimum contractual arrangements for equipment service and maintenance, as well as, for the exchange of power with local utilities

  18. Hüpped modernismi poole II : 20. sajandi eesti kirjandusteadus Euroopa kirjandusteaduse taustal : 16. loeng : pagulasaastad II. Institutsioonid ja kirjanikulood / Tiit Hennoste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hennoste, Tiit, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    Vaadeldakse positivismi piiridesse jäävaid kirjaniku- ja kirjanduslugusid, keskmeks Rootsis toimunu ja ilmunu. Pikemalt Bernard Kangro, Arvo Mägi, Karl Ristikivi, Helmi Elleri, Herbert Salu, Henno Jänese, Otto Alexander Webermanni, Peeter Lindsaare poolt kirjutatud kirjanikelugudest. Kirjanduslugudest käsitletakse põhjalikumalt Arvo Mägi uurimusi "Lühike eesti kirjanduslugu I-II", "Viron kirjallisuuden historia" ja "Estonian Literature. An Outline" ning Henno Jänese "Geschichte der estnischen Literatur". Eksiilkirjanduse ajalugudest vaadeldakse Ants Orase teost "Estonian literature in exile" ning Arvo Mägi, Karl Ristikivi ja Bernard Kangro raamatut "Eesti kirjandus paguluses 1944-1972"

  19. Aaviku fenomen = The Aaviku Phenomenon / Andres Kurg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurg, Andres, 1975-

    2003-01-01

    Aaviku elamurajoonist, kus on 67 maja, 6 erinevat tüüpi, ühe- ja kahekorruselised, 84-144 mø suured, hindadega vahemikus 760000-1200000 krooni. Projekteerija: Arhitektuuribüroo Emil Urbel. Autorid Emil Urbel ja Indrek Erm. Konstruktor Otto Pukk (OMK Inseneribüroo). Haljastus: Maria Pukk, Ivar Lubjak (Oaas Arhitektid). Projekt 2000-2001, valmis 2001-2003. Tüüpprojekti S-5 I ja II korruse plaan, tüüpprojekti V-2 põhiplaan, sisevaade, 5 välisvaadet

  20. Molecular beams entwined with quantum theory: a bouquet for Max Planck

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Herschbach, D.

    2001-01-01

    In an era when the fledgling quantum theory was ''uncertain and even gave contradictory answers,'' Otto Stern undertook to employ molecular beams to test directly fundamental aspects of the theory. During 1921-1935, this led to five decisive experiments reviewed here, resulting in the discovery or demonstration of space quantization, de Broglie matter waves, anomalous magnetic moments of the proton and neutron, recoil of an atom on emission of a photon, and the limitation of scattering cross-sections for molecular collisions imposed by the uncertainty principle. (orig.)

  1. People, art and the human environment / Laura Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Laura, 1982-

    2009-01-01

    Tutvustatakse Eestis toimunud kunstiprojekte, mis on seotud kunstipraktika, igapäevase elu, inimsuhete ja avaliku ruumiga. Sirja-Liisa Vahtra ja Otto von Buschi kunstiprojektist (2004), Martin Pääsukese plakatitest "Vabadus" linnaruumis (2008), Ave Teeääre ja Kertu Ehala projektist "Painting Club" Ravila hooldekodus (2007), rühmituse Johnson&Johnson "Paldiski projektist" (2006-2008), Riin Kranna-Rõõsi ja Eve Arpo projektist "Päev ilma mobiilita". Kunstnikest, kes on dokumenteerinud Tallinnas toimunud aktsioone. Kunsti ja sotsiaalset praktikat ühendavatest institutsioonidest (kultuuritehas Polymer, Kultuurikatel, Linnalabor jt.)

  2. 1920. aastate Eesti-Soome arhitektuurisuhetest ja Soome arhitektide töödest Pärnu supelasutuse konkursil = Suomen ja Viron arkkitehtuurin suhteista 1920-luvulla ja suomalaisarkkitehtien ehdotuksista Pärnun kylpylän kilpailussa / Karin Hallas-Mur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallas-Murula, Karin, 1957-

    2004-01-01

    1923. a. avati Helsingis Into Saxeli ja Johan Sigfrid Sireni kavandatud mälestusmärk Eesti Vabadussõjas osalenud Soome vabatahtlikele. Monumendi konkursist. Soome arhitektide osalemisest 1923. a. Tallinna tehnikumi (I - Martti Välikangas, Hilding Ekelund) ning 1922. a. ja 1925. a. Pärnu supelasutuse konkurssidel (tuntumad osalejad Uno Ullberg, Alvar Aalto, H. Ekelund, Pauli Ernesti Blomstedt, Ragnar Ypyä, edukamad osalejad Georg Henriksson ja Otto Flodin) jm. Pikemalt A. Aalto projektist. Bibliograafia joonealustes märkustes

  3. Eichmann a Gerusalemme. Il processo, le polemiche, il perpetratore, la banalità del male:

    OpenAIRE

    Bethania Assy

    2011-01-01

    Eichmann in Jerusalem: The Trial, the Controversy, the Perpetrator, the Banality of Evil - The book Eichmann in Jerusalem - a Report on the Banality of Evil was the result of Hannah Arendt's coverage of the trial of Otto Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalem for the The New Yorker. Arendt identified three motives that led her to concern herself with the Eichmann trial: she wanted to know who Eichmann really was “in the flesh”; she wanted to assess the possibility of a new kind of crime and criminal in ...

  4. 1995. aastal TPÜ infoteaduste eriala lõpetanute diplomitööd : [nimestik koos annotatsioonidega] / koostaja Taimi Niine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niine, Taimi

    1995-01-01

    Kirjanduse alalt: Ajaots, Merle. Kirjandusarvustus ajakirjades 'Looming' ja 'Vikerkaar' a. 1986-1994 / Juh. prof. M. Aasmets; Hüva, Aulike. Rudolf Põldmäe personaalnimestik / Juh. prof. M. Aasmets; Kindel, Kristi. Eesti raamatukogutegelane Mall Jürma (1901-1984) / Juh. prof. M. Aasmets; Ristmägi, Ruth. Otto Aleksander Webermanni elu ja tegevus / Juhendaja kirjandusteadlane E. Teder; Ruuben, Liis. Prantsuse kirjandus eesti keeles / Juh. magistrand I. Vaaro; Zimmermann, Rita. Pagulastrükis ja selle ilmumise kajastamine aastatel 1944-1946 pagulasajalehtedes / Juh. V. Kelder

  5. Kunst-Gedanken in Tiecks «Franz Sternbalds Wanderungen»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang Nehring

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Ludwig Tieck is not only the most productive and stimulating power of German Roman­ticism with respect to literature but also, largely unnoticed by his contemporaries and critics, an innovative proponent of a new art. His Sternbald goes way beyond the position of Wackenroder’s Herzensergießungen from which it started. It not only influenced the artwork of the two most important romantic painters, Philipp Otto Runge and Caspar David Fried­rich, but advocates, in a way, twentieth-century ideas of modern painting.

  6. Ethik der Verantwortung: Begründungsprobleme aus diskursethischer Sicht

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holger Burckhart

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available - Ethic of responsibility. Foundation problems from the point of view of discourse ethics - This paper discusses the problem of the foundation of the ethics of responsibility in Hans Jonas by the point of view of the Karl-Otto Apel’s discourse ethics. In difference to a unilateral reciprocal ethics – like christians charity, ethics of the bond in the kantian sense, ethics of the face according to Levinas, ethics I-You according to Buber – the approach proposed in this paper can be defined as universal reciprocal. This means that it need to consider the interests of all participants in the “life”.

  7. A few examples of opposed thinking about gender differences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redžić Saduša F.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Examples of anti-feminine and pro-feminine reasoning with Otto Weininger, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Sigmund Freud, Arthur Schopenhauer, Aristotle, Simone de Beauvoir, Pierre Bourdieu, Harriet Taylor Mill and John Stuart Mill. Review of these theories points to the need to respect distinction (physical characteristics of sex and (culture defined characteristic of the gender when analyzing differences and similarities between the sexes, as well as the need for insight into the mechanism (or mechanismsof connection between the nature of social perception and gender stereotypes, whose existence is an indicator, and one of the causes of hatred towards women.

  8. Atomic Pioneers Book 2 From the Mid-19th to the Early 20th Century

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hiebert, Ray [University of Maryland; Hiebert, Roselyn

    1971-01-01

    This book gives a brief account of the lives and work of 26 men and women who contributed to the great surge of knowledge vital to atomic science from the 1800s to the mid-1900s. The 26 are: William Prout, Michael Faraday, Eilhardt Mitscherlich, Joseph Henry, Thomas Graham, Stanislao Cannizzaro, James Clerk Maxwell, Dmitri I. Mendeleev, Joseph Norman Lockyer, John William Strutt, Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen, Antione Henri Becquerel, Hendrik A. Lorentz, J.J. Thomson, Max Planck, Svante A. Arrhenius, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, Pieter Zeeman, Theodore W. Richards, C.T.R. Wilson, Ernest Rutherford, Francis W. Aston, Frederick Soddy, Lise Meitner, and Otto Hahn.

  9. Isotype Visualizations. A Chance for Participation & Civic Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Mayr

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the 1920s, Otto Neurath proposed a method for pictorial statistics called “Isotype”. The Isotype pictorial statistics were intended to educate the broad public and enable them to participate in society. This method is reviewed with respect to its relevance and potential for information visualization nowadays. Though some aspects are outdated, the basic approach has still potential for information visualization and civic education. Possible new media applications are presented and their impact for civic education and participation is discussed.

  10. Passage of nuclear powered ships in territorial waters and their stay in harbours

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lucchini, L.; Voelckel, M.

    1975-01-01

    The specificity of rules governing entry of nuclear ships in the territorial waters of a State and their liability are reviewed. The concept of innocent passage prevailing for navigation in territorial waters is examined as are the protective measures taken by the Host State, in particular the prior authorisation characterizing thate State's discretionary powers of acceptance or refusal to admit the nuclear ship and the control over it. Liability rules and the nature of liability are analysed on the basis of agreements on the Savannah and the Otto Hahn. The importance of State intervention is demonstrated in its relationship with the operator particularly regarding control of operation and financial assistance. Also mentioned is liability for breach of the rules of procedure laid down in bilateral agreements, and in this context, a study is made of the rules of conduct for nuclear ships in territorial waters set out in the Savannah and Otto Hahn agreements. The liability of the coastal State is reviewed from the viewpoint of its grounds and possibilities of extension, given the development of nuclear navigation and the importance attached to protection against marine environmental pollution [fr

  11. From the numinous to the sacred.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKenna, Christopher

    2009-04-01

    Jung took the idea of the 'numinous' from Rudolf Otto's book Das Heilige (E.T. The Idea of the Holy) and made it central to his understanding of religion. However, as Lucy Huskinson has recently pointed out, this involves a misreading of Otto's work in which we have to look beyond the numinous (which is the non-rational factor in religion) towards the 'holy' which, like a symbol, holds the rational and non-rational aspects of religious experience together in a personally transformative way. This understanding of the spiritual and psychological journey is supported by case material in which a numinous experience, arising in the context of intensive analytical psychotherapy, proved to be but the first step in a process which led, through a period of mourning, towards the development of the patient's capacity to symbolize. In the light of this, the author suggests that the sacred is to be found in the capacity for a certain quality of symbolic relatedness--to self and other--which may or may not be attended by numinous experience.

  12. Stunted sexuality in hawthorne's the blithedale romance Stunted sexuality in hawthorne's the blithedale romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnold Gordenstein

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available By now a commonplace of Blithedale Romance criticism is that Coverdale is a voyeur. But hardly anyone has related coverdale's voyeurism to the larger psychological pattern that includes voyeurism and these to its central themes. Otto Fenichel couples voyeurism and toucheurism and defines them as "scoptophilia, the sexualization of the sensations of looking... analogous to touch eroticism." 1 Doubly restricted by Victorian morality as well as by his American Puritan heritage, Hawthorne indicated that the motivations that drew people to and that characterized their relationships at Blithedale were, in part, sexual. Since he could not directly describe this sexuality he used sight and touch images to convey the kind of attraction he had in mind. By now a commonplace of Blithedale Romance criticism is that Coverdale is a voyeur. But hardly anyone has related coverdale's voyeurism to the larger psychological pattern that includes voyeurism and these to its central themes. Otto Fenichel couples voyeurism and toucheurism and defines them as "scoptophilia, the sexualization of the sensations of looking... analogous to touch eroticism." 1 Doubly restricted by Victorian morality as well as by his American Puritan heritage, Hawthorne indicated that the motivations that drew people to and that characterized their relationships at Blithedale were, in part, sexual. Since he could not directly describe this sexuality he used sight and touch images to convey the kind of attraction he had in mind.

  13. Stunted sexuality in havvthorne's the blithedale romance Stunted sexuality in havvthorne's the blithedale romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnold Gordenstein

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available By now a commonplace of Blithedale Romance criticism is that Coverdale is a voyeur. But hardly anyone has related Coverdale's voyeurism to the larger psychological pattern that includes voyeurism and these to its central themes. Otto Fenichel couples voyeurism and toucheurism and defines them as "scoptophilia, the sexualization of the sensations of looking... analogous to touch eroticism." 1 Doubly restricted by Victorian morality as well as by his American Puritan heritage, Hawthorne indicated that the motivations that drew people to and that characterized their relationships at Blithedale were, in part, sexual. Since he could not directly describe this sexuality he used sight and touch images to convey the kind of attraction he had in mind. By now a commonplace of Blithedale Romance criticism is that Coverdale is a voyeur. But hardly anyone has related Coverdale's voyeurism to the larger psychological pattern that includes voyeurism and these to its central themes. Otto Fenichel couples voyeurism and toucheurism and defines them as "scoptophilia, the sexualization of the sensations of looking... analogous to touch eroticism." 1 Doubly restricted by Victorian morality as well as by his American Puritan heritage, Hawthorne indicated that the motivations that drew people to and that characterized their relationships at lithedale were, in part, sexual. Since he could not directly describe this sexuality he used sight and touch images to convey the kind of attraction he had in mind.

  14. Chaotic harmony a dialog about physics, complexity and life

    CERN Document Server

    Sanayei, Ali

    2014-01-01

    This fascinating book written by Ali Sanayei and Otto E. Rössler is not a classic scientific publication, but a vivid dialogue on science, philosophy and  the interdisciplinary intersections of science and technology with biographic elements. Chaotic Harmony: A Dialog about Physics, Complexity and Life represents a discussion between Otto Rössler and his colleague and student, focusing on the different areas of science and highlights their mutual relations. The book's concept of interdisciplinary dialogue is  unusual nowadays although it has a long tradition in science. It provides insight not only into interesting topics that are often closely linked, but also into the mind of a prominent scientist in the field of physics, chaos and complexity in general. It allows a deep look into the fascinating process of scientific development and discovery and provides a very interesting background of known and unknown facts in the areas of complex processes in physics, cosmology, biology, brains and systems in gen...

  15. Modern engines need friction bearing from modern materials; Moderne Motoren benoetigen Gleitlager aus modernen Werkstoffen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller, M. [KS Gleitlager GmbH, St. Leon-Rot (Germany)

    1997-11-01

    The encreasing performance of Otto and Diesel engines leads to an increase of the cylinder pressures and, therefore, to higher loading of the engine bearings. It is necessary to recognise the future requirements especially for main and con rod bearings of the engines in order to be able to accurately develop and to launch the appropriate bearing materials respectively material combinations into series. Thereby, the functional security of the bearings meeting a complex requirement profile has priority. It is, however, just as important to offer the customer an optimal cost and advantage ratio. (orig.) [Deutsch] Bei Otto- und Dieselmotoren nahmen in den letzten Jahren die Zylinderdruecke immer mehr zu. Von 1986 bis zum Jahr 2000 wird die Gaskraft bei Pkw-Dieselmotoren um 30% von 120 auf 160 bar steigen, bei Ottomotoren betraegt der Zuwachs ebenfalls 30% von 60 auf 80 bar. Die spezifische Lagerbelastung wird sich im gleichen Zeitraum aehnlich entwickeln. Das hat direkten Einfluss auf die Belastung der Haupt- und Pleuellager und somit auch auf die Werkstoff-Entwicklung. Dieser Beitrag zeigt die wichtigsten Entwicklungen der KS Gleitlager GmbH auf. (orig.)

  16. The Order of the Dolphin: Origins of SETI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Temming, Maria; Crider, Anthony

    2016-01-01

    In 1961, the National Academy of Sciences organized a meeting on the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, West Virginia. The ten scientists who attended, including future SETI icons such as Frank Drake and Carl Sagan, represented a variety of scientific fields. At the conclusion of the meeting, the attendees adopted the moniker "The Order of the Dolphin," in honor of participant John Lilly's work on interspecies communication. Since this seminal meeting, researchers in each of the attendees' fields have contributed in some way to the search for intelligent life. This study investigates the circumstances that led to each attendee's invitation to Green Bank and explores SETI as the legacy of this meeting. We will focus in this talk on the SETI connections of two attendees, astronomer Otto Struve and physicist Philip Morrison, both in regards to their personal contributions to SETI and the influence of their work on subsequent SETI research. Specifically, we will examine proposals by Otto Struve for exoplanet discovery methods, and Philip Morrison for radio searches that laid the groundwork for modern SETI.

  17. Lise Meitner and fission: Fallout from the discovery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sime, R.L.

    1991-01-01

    Much has been written about Lise Meitner, but she remains on the periphery. Of her pioneering work in nuclear physics, little is said; she is remembered primarily for nuclear fission, a discovery in which she did not share. Especially in Germany the staging seldom varies: Otto Hahn in the spotlight, Fritz Strassmann in his shadow, Lise Meitner in the wings, dimly outlined in reflected light. Her role is open to speculation. One writer sees her work 'crowned by the Nobel Prize for Otto Hahn', another, once director of an institute that bears her name, portrays her as the physicist who obstructed the discovery from the start. Often she is cast as Hahn's Mitarbeiterin; sometimes she is completely invisible, as in one of the world's great science museums, which for 30 years displayed the fission apparatus-equipment assembled by Lise Meitner on a table in her laboratory in her physics section of the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut fuer Chemie - without ever mentioning her name. The principals themselves do not agree. In his memoirs, Hahn has remarkably little to say of this closest colleague and friend. From Lise Meitner herself we have no autobiography. Available, however, is the large collection of letters and documents she has left behind, and these make it possible for us to learn much more. (orig./BBR)

  18. Rabi model as a quantum coherent heat engine: From quantum biology to superconducting circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altintas, Ferdi; Hardal, Ali Ü. C.; Müstecaplıoǧlu, Özgür E.

    2015-02-01

    We propose a multilevel quantum heat engine with a working medium described by a generalized Rabi model which consists of a two-level system coupled to a single-mode bosonic field. The model is constructed to be a continuum limit of a quantum biological description of light-harvesting complexes so that it can amplify quantum coherence by a mechanism which is a quantum analog of classical Huygens clocks. The engine operates in a quantum Otto cycle where the working medium is coupled to classical heat baths in the isochoric processes of the four-stroke cycle, while either the coupling strength or the resonance frequency is changed in the adiabatic stages. We found that such an engine can produce work with an efficiency close to the Carnot bound when it operates at low temperatures and in the ultrastrong-coupling regime. The interplay of the effects of quantum coherence and quantum correlations on the engine performance is discussed in terms of second-order coherence, quantum mutual information, and the logarithmic negativity of entanglement. We point out that the proposed quantum Otto engine can be implemented experimentally with modern circuit quantum electrodynamic systems where flux qubits can be coupled ultrastrongly to superconducting transmission-line resonators.

  19. An analytic study of applying Miller cycle to reduce NOx emission from petrol engine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Yaodong; Lin Lin; Roskilly, Anthony P.; Zeng Shengchuo; Huang, Jincheng; He Yunxin; Huang Xiaodong; Huang Huilan; Wei Haiyan; Li Shangping; Yang Jing

    2007-01-01

    An analytic investigation of applying Miller cycle to reduce nitrogen oxides (NO x ) emissions from a petrol engine is carried out. The Miller cycle used in the investigation is a late intake valve closing version. A detailed thermodynamic analysis of the cycle is presented. A comparison of the characters of Miller cycle with Otto cycle is presented. From the results of thermodynamic analyses, it can be seen that the application of Miller cycle is able to reduce the compression pressure and temperature in the cylinder at the end of compression stroke. Therefore, it lowers down the combustion temperature and NO x formation in engine cylinder. These results in a lower exhaust temperature and less NO x emissions compared with that of Otto cycle. The analytic results also show that Miller cycle ratio is a main factor to influence the combustion temperature, and then the NO x emissions and the exhaust temperature. The results from the analytic study are used to analyse and to compare with the previous experimental results. An empirical formula from the previous experimental results that showed the relation of NO x emissions with the exhaust temperature at different engine speed is presented. The results from the study showed that the application of Miller cycle may reduce NO x emissions from petrol engine

  20. Theoretical Evaluation of the Maximum Work of Free-Piston Engine Generators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kojima, Shinji

    2017-01-01

    Utilizing the adjoint equations that originate from the calculus of variations, we have calculated the maximum thermal efficiency that is theoretically attainable by free-piston engine generators considering the work loss due to friction and Joule heat. Based on the adjoint equations with seven dimensionless parameters, the trajectory of the piston, the histories of the electric current, the work done, and the two kinds of losses have been derived in analytic forms. Using these we have conducted parametric studies for the optimized Otto and Brayton cycles. The smallness of the pressure ratio of the Brayton cycle makes the net work done negative even when the duration of heat addition is optimized to give the maximum amount of heat addition. For the Otto cycle, the net work done is positive, and both types of losses relative to the gross work done become smaller with the larger compression ratio. Another remarkable feature of the optimized Brayton cycle is that the piston trajectory of the heat addition/disposal process is expressed by the same equation as that of an adiabatic process. The maximum thermal efficiency of any combination of isochoric and isobaric heat addition/disposal processes, such as the Sabathe cycle, may be deduced by applying the methods described here.