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Sample records for pre-school education eppe

  1. Towards the Transformation of Practice in Early Childhood Education: The Effective Provision of Pre-School Education (Eppe) Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siraj-Blatchford, Iram; Taggart, Brenda; Sylva, Kathy; Sammons, Pamela; Melhuish, Edward

    2008-01-01

    The introduction of the Foundation Stage and its associated legislation has constituted a radical innovation that is transforming early childhood education. In this paper we show how the Effective Provision of Pre-school Education (EPPE) research programme continues to contribute towards achieving these improvements in practice. In focusing upon…

  2. CONSTRUCTION ENVIRONMENT EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY FOR CHILDREN PRE-SCHOOL

    OpenAIRE

    MA. TRAN THI THUY NGA; MA. PHAM THI YEN

    2015-01-01

    Education motor development contribute to the comprehensive development of pre-school children. Building educational environment for young athletes develop in pre-school is one of many issues of concern in the current stage of pre-school education in Vietnam.

  3. Determining Views of Pre-School Teachers, Working at Pre-School Education Institutions on Pre-School Music Education

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    Aylin MENTİŞ KÖKSOY

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study was to determine the opinions in about music education during the preschool period of kindergarten teachers working in state and private pre-schools of Ministry of Education in Çamardı, Bor, Altunhisar (Niğde and in Niğde.58 pre-scholl teachers were included in the study group. A questionnaire designed by researchers was given to the teachers. The questionnaire had two parts. In the first one there were personal questions about the teachers and in the second part their opinions about music education and some questions about the opportunitiesprovided by their instititutions about music education were asked. There were 10 questions in total. One of them was open-ended. In the study of data frequency, percent and one Way Anova analysis was used. According to the results, there were spinificant differences between the opinions of the teachers about music education depending on the institutions from which they graduated. In the study it was observed that musical instruments and music rooms at pre-school were insufficient. It was also seen by statement that some of the pre-schools teachers were not efficient in music.

  4. Moving House for Education in the Pre-School Years

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    Hansen, Kirstine

    2014-01-01

    This paper uses data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) to examine house moves that take place in the pre-school years, focusing on families who move for the education of their children. We present results showing that education- related house moves do indeed occur in the pre-school years with particular types of parents making these…

  5. Looking at sexual education in pre-school education

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    Estrella García Quintero

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper provides the framework supporting the training of educative agents to influence upon sexual education of boys and girls in pre-school age as a way to attain high quality standard in the education. These rationale starts from the assumption that it is possible to favor the training process of educative agents on the topic by means of integrating actions with a gender centered approach. The proposal is the result of a thorough study based on the socio-historical cultural approach resulting from the doctoral dissertation already presented by the first authoress. At the same time, these results contribute to the research project “Training the family for the intellectual stimulus of pre-school children. Additionally it offers the stages of sexual education at pre-school age.

  6. Voice-Controlled Educational Software for Pre-School Education

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    Aysun Coşkun

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays communities are continuously evolving and changing socially, economically and culturally. Technology is certainly at the top of causative agent of development and change. The opportunities offered by technology especially in education accelerating this development. In recent years rapidly progress of training technology has led to use computers in education. It's a fact that audio-visual support provided by computers is efficient in pre-school children's education. But in pre-school period children don't know how to read and write and haven't completed their small muscle development, this fact limits the use of computers in the process. However, speech recognition technologies which is one of the opportunities offered by technology, is the solution to overcome this limitations. Speech recognition technologies are the systems, that developed for the recognition of sounds by computers are perceived by the devices like microphone. In this study with the facilities of speech recognition technology, supporting individual learning in pre-school education has been aimed. For this reason an educational software in which this technologies of speech recognition are integrated for the usage of pre-school education has been prepared. The most distinctive characteristic of this software is to be able to used with completely sounds. Thus, this software can be used easily by the children who can not to use their hands and arms.

  7. The Impact of Pre-School on Young Children's Cognitive Attainments at Entry to Reception

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sammons, Pam; Elliot, Karen; Sylva, Kathy; Melhuish, Edward; Siraj-Blatchford, Iram; Taggart, Brenda

    2004-01-01

    This article explores the impact of pre-school experience on young children's cognitive attainments at entry to primary school and analyses data collected as part of a wider longitudinal study, the Effective Provision of Pre-school Education (EPPE) project, which followed a large sample of young children attending 141 pre-school centres drawn from…

  8. Civic and Patriotic Education of Pre-School Children

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    Mokeyeva, Ekaterina V.; Andreeva, Irina N.

    2016-01-01

    The urgency of the current research devoted to civic and patriotic education of pre-school children is determined by the contradiction between the necessity of civic-patriotic education of children in the current context, their readiness to defend their Motherland and the lack of the development of this issue both in pedagogical theory and…

  9. In Search of Quality in Finnish Pre-School Education

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    Niikko, Anneli; Havu-Nuutinen, Sari

    2009-01-01

    This study was conducted during the academic year 2002-2003 in a municipality in Eastern Finland. It focuses on pre-school education assessing its quality factors from the parents', teachers' and children's points of view. Theoretically, the study focuses on analyses of the purposes of the national core curriculum and pedagogical issues that are…

  10. Parental education and physical activity in pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vale, S; Ricardo, N; Soares-Miranda, L; Santos, R; Moreira, C; Mota, J

    2014-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to objectively assess pre-school children's total physical activity (TPA) patterns and compliance with guidelines and to examine differences relative to parental education. The sample consisted on 509 healthy pre-school children, aged 3-6 years recruited from kindergartens located in the metropolitan area of Porto, Portugal. The PA was assessed for 7 consecutive days by accelerometry. For TPA, we followed the guidelines of the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) (children who spent at least >120  min per day in active play). For TPA, we calculated the proportion of children who spent at least >120  min per day in active play and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), we calculated the proportion of children who spent at least >60  min per day in active play. Parental education was analysed according to the Portuguese education system. Children with parents in the highest education level were less active than children from low and middle education level (P ≤ 0.001) in all patterns of PA (week and weekend). Regarding TPA during the week we found that the majority of children from low and middle parental education meet the NASPE guidelines. On the other hand, more than half the children from high parental education did not meet these recommendations (P ≤ 0.001) and MVPA recommendations (P ≤ 0.05). In both recommendations, children from low parental education were twice more likely to meet the recommendations compared with children belonging to high parental education. Parent education was negatively associated with children's daily physical activity patterns and compliance with guidelines. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Pre-School Education in Morocco and Algeria

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    Bouzoubaa, Khadija; Benghabrit-Remaoun, Nouria

    2004-01-01

    This article is an analysis of the current state of early childhood care in the Maghreb, in particular in Morocco and Algeria, where the pre-schooling rate for 5-year-olds is on the increase. Extending pre-school infrastructures and the need to create unified curricula have been among the most urgent questions to be tackled over the last decade in…

  12. Inclusive Education in Pre-Schools: Predictors of Pre-Service Teacher Attitudes in Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoskin, Jake; Boyle, Christopher; Anderson, Joanna

    2015-01-01

    Teachers' attitudes have been identified as being vital to the success of inclusive education (IE). With pre-school student populations becoming increasingly diverse, and many children experiencing this as their first involvement in formal education, the attitudes towards IE of pre-school teachers are more important than ever. This study…

  13. BURNOUT SYNDROME AMONG EDUCATORS IN PRE-SCHOOL INSTITUTIONS.

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    Hozo, Endica Radic; Sucic, Goran; Zaja, Ivan

    2015-12-01

    The occurrence of burnout syndrome (BS) has been recognized in many professions (pilots, firefighters, police officers, doctors…) that during their work are subjected to high levels of stress. For educators in preschool institutions stress level is very high thus creating the possibility of developing BS. For this research is selected preschool institution - kindergarten "Radost" (Joy) in Split, in which by use of questionnaires (modified scale by Freudenberger and modified scales by Girdin, Everly and Dusek) during 2014 among educators (100 respondents) is conducted a survey regarding the frequency of burnout syndrome. According to questionnaires by Girdin, Everly and Dusek there is no statistically significant difference between the number of educators who feel good and those that are under significant stress (χ2=1.04; p=0.307). According to questionnaire by Freudenberg educators are classified into 3 categories and distribution of educators by the groups is almost uniform (χ2=2.76; p=0.250), which means that one third of a teacher is in good condition, a third is in the risk area for burn-out syndrome, while one third are candidates for development of this syndrome. Comparing a teacher in good condition compared to other (at risk and those who are candidates for the burn-out syndrome) is up to 1.5 times higher in those who are at risk and the candidates for development of this syndrome than in others (χ2=4.5; p=0.033). The occurrence of burnout syndrome is very high for the group of educators (half of the educators!) in pre-school institutions which should be taken into account by the institutions management. For this purpose, it is necessary to organize regular medical check-ups with particular reference to burnout syndrome with signs of the syndrome to prevent its further development.

  14. The Effects of Coordination and Movement Education on Pre School Children's Basic Motor Skills Improvement

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    Altinkök, Mustafa

    2016-01-01

    This research was conducted for the purpose of analyzing the effect of the movement education program through a 12-week-coordination on the development of basic motor movements of pre-school children. A total of 78 students of pre-school period, 38 of whom were in the experimental group and 40 of whom were in the control group, were incorporated…

  15. Pre-school education and school maturity of children from socially disadvantaged backgrounds

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    Panajotis Cakirpaloglu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The adaptability of children to the school environment and their potential to succeed there is closely linked to the development of their cognitive and social skills. These are primarily linked to personal factors -physical maturity as well as mental or emotional maturity and the environment in which those children grow up. This fact is evident in children growing up in disadvantageous socio-economic conditions. In general the school readiness of children from socially-disadvantaged backgrounds is affected by the specific environment, the primary family and a number of other factors. A significant support of psychosocial development and successful adaptability at the start of the compulsory education is the preschool education, especially for children growing up in disadvantageous socio-economic conditions. The presented study focused on the effect of pre-school education on school readiness in first grade children. 24 children from socially disadvantaged environment were tested twice - for first time shortly after the beginning of their first grade and for the second time before the end of the first grade. The children were then divided into two groups - those who attended pre-school education and those who started school without any pre-school education programme. The attendance thus made the independent variable in the research design. There were three research questions - what is the impact of pre-school education on: Q1: general cognitive functioning (tested using the Intelligence Image Scale, Q2: on the ability to acquire the reading skills (tested using the Reversal test by Edfeldt and Q3 on the social maturity of the children (tested using the Vineland scale of adaptive behaviour The results of the study suggest that pre-school education has significant effect on social skills and this effect increases during the first year. The reading skills were better in children who attended the pre-school education however this impact decreases

  16. Tensions in Defining Quality Pre-School Education: The Singapore Context

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    Lim-Ratnam, Christina

    2013-01-01

    Over the past decade, the government in Singapore has been introducing many initiatives in the early childhood sector to raise the quality of pre-school education. Educational reforms made without consideration of the perspectives and concerns of the participants in the socio-cultural milieu would only lead to superficial implementation. This…

  17. Fairy-Tale Niche Marketing: Neoliberal Appropriation of Pre-School Education

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    Urszula Dzikiewicz-Gazda

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the article the author describes specfic mechanisms of neoliberalization at work in pre-school education in Poland. The argument is based on an ethnographic analysis of a theatre performance which crowned one of Wrocław’s educational projects called “Enterprising Pre-school Student”. It demonstrates the workings of neoliberal ideology, which—based on the niche marketing strategy—targets specific needs of particular consumer groups. Addressing children with a specialised marketing message, the strategy uses fairy tales as a tool and cover for instilling desired behaviour patterns in them.

  18. The Role of Pre-School Education on Learning Achievement at Primary Level in Bangladesh

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    Nath, Samir Ranjan

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of pre-school education on learning achievement at primary level in Bangladesh. Evidence from learning achievement test and household and school-related data were obtained from 7093 pupils attending 440 primary schools in Bangladesh. Findings suggest that a small proportion (15.3%) of primary school pupils attended…

  19. Professional Identity in Early Childhood Care and Education: Perspectives of Pre-School and Infant Teachers

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    Moloney, Mary

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores perceptions of professional identity in the early childhood care and educations sector (ECCE) in the Republic of Ireland (ROI). It is concerned with the status, salary and conditions of those working with children aged four to six in pre-school and primary school settings. Using qualitative methodology, the study garnered…

  20. Web-Searching to Learn: The Role of Internet Self-Efficacy in Pre-School Educators' Conceptions and Approaches

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    Kao, Chia-Pin; Chien, Hui-Min

    2017-01-01

    This study was conducted to explore the relationships between pre-school educators' conceptions of and approaches to learning by web-searching through Internet Self-efficacy. Based on data from 242 pre-school educators who had prior experience of participating in web-searching in Taiwan for path analyses, it was found in this study that…

  1. Proposing a contextual approach to pre-school teacher education in Ghana

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    Nana Yaa A. Nyarko

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Efforts of Ghanaian Universities and Colleges of Education in training pre-school teachers have been found inadequate and unable to meet their training needs. As a result, other private and non-governmental organisations have been contributing to the education of early childhood practitioners, although on pilot basis. Currently, most pre-school teachers remain untrained. Using the Cultural Historical Activity Theory as a Framework, this paper proposes a contextual approach to pre-school teacher education using radio as a training tool for teachers. The radio is easily accessible, handy, far reaching to remote rural settlements (than the Internet and low in cost. It is suggested that as in other community radio efforts it should be localised so the community “runs” their own stations. Specific programmes should be devoted to topics on child development, child survival, early childhood pedagogy and other practical issues relevant to pre-school classrooms. The paper concludes by suggesting periodic community (of stakeholders meetings to form a support group.

  2. Communicative Approach to Inclusive Education in Pre-School

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    Kraukle, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    The understanding of the basic principles of inclusive education motivates the inclusion of children with special needs in general education schools. The paper presents the process of implementing inclusive education in Latvia and the teachers' and parents' understanding of the role of communication in including children with special needs,…

  3. Communicative Approach to Inclusive Education in Pre-School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraukle, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    The understanding of the basic principles of inclusive education motivates the inclusion of children with special needs in general education schools. The paper presents the process of implementing inclusive education in Latvia and the teachers' and parents' understanding of the role of communication in including children with special needs,…

  4. Quebec Parents’Representationsof Social and Educational Intervention in Pre-school Education

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    Johanne Bédard

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents findings of a larger SHHRC-funded study (1998-2002 on competencies expected of and exhibited by educational and social professionals working with young children from socioeconomically disadvantaged environments. After describing the context of socioeducational interventions in early childhood education in Quebec, the authors present the duality and the potential complementarity of the values underlying this intervention by comparing the kindergarten classroom with day-care environments for children aged 4 and 5. Then, the authors present the findings of a survey based on a random sample of parents of young Quebecois children enrolled in or having attended day-care centers or kindergarten classrooms. The article highlights the differences in parents’ expectations according to the types of pre school environment and according to socioeconomic levels. These expectations are compared to the purposes of each environment as defined by their respective curriculum articulated in official policy. Finally, the issues resulting from the debate on the educational or non-educational nature of pre-school education are examined in light of the needs of society as reflected by Quebecois parents.

  5. Children’s participation in Finnish pre-school education - Identifying, Describing and Documenting Children’s Participation

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    Jonna Leinonen

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This article describes, analyzes, and evaluates children’s participatory in Finnish pre-school groups. Children’s participation is viewed in the context of the Core Curriculum for Pre-school Education in Finland (2010, in which children are considered active subjects, who interact with both other people and the environment. However, in practical data, collected via survey from pre-school educators, this ideology is restricted and the educators in pre-school groups focus on children’s participation from a narrow point of view that reflects a lack of connection between the Core Curriculum goals for pre-school education and the actual participatory practices children face.

  6. Pre-School Education: Report from Five Research Projects.

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    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.

    This booklet, presenting a discussion of five experimental preschool programs, resulted from an international forum sponsored by the Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI) for the leaders of these programs. The forum developed from a concern for the long range effectiveness of preschool education or intervention. The five programs…

  7. Drama Education on the Creative Thinking Skills of 61-72 Months Old Pre-School Children

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    Yasar, Munevver Can; Aral, Neriman

    2012-01-01

    This study aims to identify six-year-old pre-school children's creative thinking skill levels and to establish whether there is a difference between the creative thinking skills of children who received drama education and those who did not. The population of the study consisted of six-year-old children who were attending pre-school classes of…

  8. Pre-School Education in Lithuania: Historical Interpretation.

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    Montvilaite, Sigita

    During the 20th century, preschool education in Lithuania evolved within a context of a changing society, ideology, and politics, including the experience of national independence, two world wars, political exile and occupation, and regained independence. This paper demonstrates the connection between past and present preschool educational…

  9. Views on Pre-School Education and Day Care.

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    Rambusch, Nancy McCormick

    There is a clear need in our country today for early education programs aimed at accelerating the cognitive development of disadvantaged children. Another need is for centers to care for the children of working mothers. Our traditional nursery schools have deemphasized early cognitive development while day care programs have been focused on…

  10. Educative practices and attitudes within the pre-school environment: evaluating the education professionals

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    Leonardo dos Santos Antunes

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available School and family together play an important role in the individual development of children. Therefore, this study aimed at evaluating the practices and attitudes towards oral health care of 245 education professionals working in 24 public municipal pre-schools in Niterói, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The data were obtained from self-questionnaires consisting of both open and closed questions. The methodology was both quantitative and qualitative, and the quantitative analysis was based on frequency (%. Regarding oral health practices, it was observed that the majority of the education professionals emphasized toothbrushing as a vital method of oral hygiene. In addition, 70.7% of the education professionals performed other types of oral hygiene activities with the schoolchildren, and 17.1% did so with the children's families. All the participants of the study considered that education professionals have a key role in promoting healthy oral habits amongst the schoolchildren and they believe that involving the dentist in educative programs is important. It was therefore concluded that the education professionals surveyed have positive practices and attitudes regarding the children's care, and they recognize their role in fostering healthy habits and developing integrated pedagogic oral health programs.

  11. A Study of Developing Professional Ethics Principles Scale for Teachers Working in the Pre-School Education

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    Şafak ÖZTÜRK AYNAL

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study examines the development of a professional ethics principles scale for teachers working in the pre-school education domain, in addition to testing the reliability and validity of this questionnaire. To this end, pre-school teachers' opinions were collected. Following the analysis of these viewpoints and the previous literature, items of the trial form were written. The draft form which comprised these items were applied to 245 pre-school teachers. In order to document the validity of the scale, a factor analysis was conducted. The analysis results revealed that the scale has a four factorial structure. The Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient of the scale, which is an indicator of its reliability, was found to be 0.95. The reliability coefficients for the subcomponents varied between 0.90 and 0.94.

  12. Analysis of Pre-School Teachers' Views on the Importance of Education for Sustainable Development by Means of Location and Household Type in Childhood

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    Öztürk, Deniz Kahriman; Olgan, Refika

    2016-01-01

    This article explores views of pre-school teachers in Turkey regarding the importance of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). It also explores how pre-school teachers' views on the importance of Education for Sustainable Development can be explained by their experiences with nature in childhood. The study sample consisted of 838 pre-school…

  13. PRE-SCHOOL UPBRINGING OF CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFICULTIES-CONDITION FOR SUCCESSFUL INTEGRATIONAL EDUCATION

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    Zora JACOVA

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Preschool upbringing of children with developmental difficulties is the first link in the system of education and upbringing and at the same time the utmost segment in the system of integrational rehabilitation.Initiating the process of preschool upbringing and adequate organized treatment at early age, permits support of the development and maximum usage of the remained capabilities of children with developmental difficulties.The newest world experiences show that the upbringing and educational integration of children with developmental difficulties as asegment of the social integration, should set the main conditions in the frames of upbringing education and rehabilitational continuity and support the minimal restrictive environment for their development.In the pre-school institutions that function on the territory of the Republic of Macedonia, an indifferent attitude towards the children with developmental difficulties is present, due to the uninformed educators for the characteristics and capabilities of these children and their believes for the negative influence of the children with developmental difficulties on the children without impairments, that implicates involvement of subsidery defectological education of present employed staff in the mainstream preschool institutions, also including defectologists in kindergartens for work with children with special difficulties in their development. Also, the data about the educator’s attitude in the mainstream preschool institutions is disturbing, so that they put the accent on the obligation for reducing of the program for work with handicapped children, not taking into consideration that subsidery, special forms and methods are needed beside the programs that are for the main stream group.The goal of our paper is to point out the need of involving of children with light developmental difficulties; the existence of special team in the preschool institutions when involving children with

  14. Language Models in Gaelic Medium Pre-School, Primary and Secondary Education

    OpenAIRE

    O'Hanlon, Fiona; Paterson, Lindsay; Mcleod, Wilson

    2012-01-01

    The report describes patterns of Gaelic and English language use in Gaelic-medium pre-school, primary school and secondary school providers in Scotland. Evidence is given on language use in the classroom and in other areas of the school environment. The project was funded by Soillse and the Scottish Government.

  15. The Attitude of Parents to Pre-School Inclusive Education for Normal Children and a Child with Down Syndrome

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    Svetlana A. Gubina

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The object of the researchis pre-school inclusive education, this kind of organization of the learning process, in which all children are included in a single system of education and training in educational institutions of General type, regardless of mental, physical and other characteristics, where they receive the necessary support and takes into account their special educational needs (children with Down syndrome. The main source of empirical data quantitative and qualitative methods of the survey of parents and teachers in inclusive groups of kindergartens of Moscow, conducted by the authors in April 2016. The subject of research is the attitude of parents of normal children to preschool inclusive education a child with Down syndrome based on their socio-demographic characteristics, level of education and awareness in the field of inclusion.

  16. EARLY DETECTION, DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT AND PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH SIGHT DAMAGE

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    S. DIKIC

    1997-12-01

    Centers should be organized as well as the expert help for the family of such a child. In that way, the children acquire adequate experience and conditions for their correct psycho-physical development are made. That means we should provide conditions for getting the world closer to the child: with words, motions, feelings, explanation ... The blind child uses his/her hearing, the sense of smelling, his/her hands and the hands of the others to acquire necessary knowledge of the environment.The children with damaged sight at pre-school age should be placed in younger, middle and older educational groups in order to provide correct and educational work, specially adapted to each group of handicapped children. In such a way, the children with damaged sight can get ready for starting the adequate school, according to the sight and the level of the sight damage, intellectual and other abilities.

  17. Pre-School Education in a Vietnamese Commune: A Case Report. Pre-School Education Documents Reprint Series; Number F.l.

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    Tinh, Tran Thi

    This brief report discusses the development of mass participation in the provision of preschool education for 769 children of 3 to 6 years of age in Tan Tien-- a pilot commune located in the Red River Delta, Hai Hung province, North Vietnam. Tan Tien commune is described and the targets of the preschool movement are indicated. Phases of the…

  18. Status quo of and methods for pre-school sex education%学龄前儿童性教育现状及方法探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯明

    2012-01-01

    通过对学龄前儿童性教育现状的分析,认为学龄前儿童性教育未能得到应有的重视,现状不容乐观,并就产生原因、学龄前儿童性教育的原则与方法等问题进行了探讨,以期对幼儿家长及幼儿教师有所帮助。%On the basis of analyzing the status quo of pre-school sex education,this paper points out that sex education of pre-school children is not attached proper importance to.It discusses the causes of,and the principles and methods for pre-school sex education in the hope of giving help to parents and teachers.

  19. Expressing Professional Identity through Blogging - A Case Study of Blogging in the Study of the Subject of Norwegian in Pre-School Teacher Education

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    Gunhild Kvåle

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article shows how blogging was used in a course in Norwegian in pre-school teacher education, and investigates how professional identity was expressed in the blogs. We investigate the students’ use of the affordances of the blog medium, and connect their expressions to the five competencies of pre-school teachers expressed in the Norwegian framework plan for this education (subject, didactic, social, developmental and ethical competence. Connections between professional identity, subject content and uses of ICT are thus drawn up.

  20. Taizhou pre-school education development present situation and the suggestion%泰州市学前教育发展现状与建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李学翠

    2015-01-01

    Taizhou pre-school education enterprise obtained the rapid development in recent years, rising in high quality resources, to achieve the goal of basic popularization. But compared with developed areas, there exist many problems and difficulties, to promote Taizhou pre-school education healthy and sustainable development in the future, Taizhou should implement responsibility government, enlarge high quality pre-school education resources, improve the safeguard mechanism for preschool education, strengthen the pre-school education teachers’ team construction.%泰州市学前教育事业近年来得到了长足发展,优质资源不断扩大,实现了基本普及的目标。但与发达地区相比,还存在很多问题与困难,为促进泰州市学前教育今后健康可持续发展,泰州市应落实政府责任,扩大优质学前教育资源,健全学前教育投入保障机制,加强学前教育师资队伍建设。

  1. Integration of educational methods and physical settings: design guidelines for High/Scope methodology in pre-schools

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    Shirin Izadpanah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Quality design and appropriate space organization in preschool settings can support preschool children's educational activities. Although the relationship between the well-being and development of children and physical settings has been emphasized by many early childhood researchers, there is still a need for theoretical design guidelines that are geared towards the improvement of this issue. This research focuses on High/Scope education and aims to shape a theoretical guideline that raises teachers' awareness about the potential of learning spaces and guides them to improve the quality of the physical spaces. To create a theoretical framework, reliable sources are investigated in the light of High/Scope education and the requirements of pre-school children educational spaces. Physical space characteristics, the preschool child's requirements and High/Scope methodology identified design inputs, design considerations and recommendations that shape the final guideline for spatial arrangement in a High/Scope setting are integrated. Discussions and suggestions in this research benefit both designers and High/ Scope teaching staff. Results help High/Scope teaching staff increase the quality of a space in an educational setting without having an architectural background. The theoretical framework of the research allows designers to consider key features and users' possible activities in High/ Scope settings and shape their designs accordingly.

  2. Effect of Availability of Teaching and Learning Resources on the Implementation of Inclusive Education in Pre-School Centers in Nyamira North Sub-County, Nyamira County, Kenya

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    Okongo, Rachel Bosibori; Ngao, Gladys; Rop, Naftal K.; Nyongesa, Wesonga Justus

    2015-01-01

    Inclusive education is a process of adjusting the home, school and the larger community to accommodate persons with special needs. In respect to pre-school learners, it is a means by which centers accommodate all learners regardless of their physical, intellectual, social, emotional, linguistic challenges. UNICEF notes that some 150 million…

  3. The Use of Television in Pre-School Education in Sparsely Populated Areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schleicher, K.

    This paper discusses the potential educational benefits of television programs developed specifically for rural preschool children. It is noted that educational inequalities exist between rural and urban communities: there are fewer preschools in rural areas, and the instructional content in the schools which do exist is often inappropriate for…

  4. Education and training of pre-school children in a public library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ksenija Medved

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Librarians for young people are well aware of importance of education and training of library users in their prime years. We are referring particulary to book and library education. Based on educational endeavours of librarians for young people, several models of education and training programs for children of ali age groups are carried out on youth departments. The article presents an activity called "visiting kindergarten" which takes plače on the youth department of the Grosuplje Library. The author describes the desired course of communication process between the librarian and children, global and concrete goals, as well as methods and forms of this educational and training activity. In conclusion, the evaluation of the activity "visiting kindergarten" is presented.

  5. [Language observation protocol for teachers in pre-school education. Effectiveness in the detection of semantic and morphosyntactic difficulties].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ygual-Fernández, Amparo; Cervera-Merida, José F; Baixauli-Fortea, Inmaculada; Meliá-De Alba, Amanda

    2011-03-01

    A number of studies have shown that teachers are capable of recognising pupils with language difficulties if they have suitable guidelines or guidance. To determine the effectiveness of an observation-based protocol for pre-school education teachers in the detection of phonetic-phonological, semantic and morphosyntactic difficulties. The sample consisted of 175 children from public and state-subsidised schools in Valencia and its surrounding province, together with their teachers. The children were aged between 3 years and 6 months and 5 years and 11 months. The protocol that was used asks for information about pronunciation skills (intelligibility, articulation), conversational skills (with adults, with peers), literal understanding of sentences, grammatical precision, expression through discourse, lexical knowledge and semantics. There was a significant correlation between the teachers' observations and the criterion scores on intelligibility, literal understanding of sentences, grammatical expression and lexical richness, but not in the observations concerning articulation and verbal reasoning, which were more difficult for the teachers to judge. In general, the observation protocol proved to be effective, it guided the teachers in their observations and it asked them suitable questions about linguistic data that were relevant to the determination of difficulties in language development. The use of this protocol can be an effective strategy for collecting information for use by speech therapists and school psychologists in the early detection of children with language development problems.

  6. Formation of Future Pre-School Teachers' Readiness to Work in the Conditions of Educational Inclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biktagirova, Gulnara F.; Khitryuk, Vera V.

    2016-01-01

    Inclusive education becomes a social reality and needs to ensure its quality. Preschool age is a sensitive period of the process of personality's socialization and the formation of moral qualities, providing interaction and communication between people pattern, among which are: respect for "otherness", cooperation, support and mutual…

  7. The Role of Families and Pre-School in Educational Disadvantage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sylva, Kathy

    2014-01-01

    In the first volume of the "Oxford Review of Education" Jerome Bruner (1975) showed how the upbringing of the very young is influenced by poverty, and how different kinds of upbringing shape human development. He called the paper "Poverty and childhood" and baldly stated "With respect to virtually any criterion of equal…

  8. The Role of Families and Pre-School in Educational Disadvantage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sylva, Kathy

    2014-01-01

    In the first volume of the "Oxford Review of Education" Jerome Bruner (1975) showed how the upbringing of the very young is influenced by poverty, and how different kinds of upbringing shape human development. He called the paper "Poverty and childhood" and baldly stated "With respect to virtually any criterion of equal…

  9. On Pre-school Education from the Perspective of Games%从游戏视角看幼儿教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许丽珍

    2012-01-01

    游戏是幼儿最基本的活动,是一种特殊的社会性活动,对幼儿身心健康发展有着重要的作用。游戏是无功利性的,幼儿教师不仅自身要正确对待游戏教育,更要引导家长正确看待游戏,使"幼教小学化"不要借着"基本普及学前教育"这股东风愈演愈烈。幼儿教师应该意识到幼儿园课程的选择以及评价体系的"无目的性",以免给"应试教育"和"幼儿教育小学化"一个"繁衍"的温室。游戏的愉快性是游戏的本质所在,幼儿教师要真正地把游戏看作幼儿发展的活动,不要把游戏仅仅作为吸引孩子的"噱头"。%Games are children's most basic activities and also a special kind of social activities that have an important role in children's physical and mental development.Games are non-utilitarian,so pre-school education teachers should not only hold a correct attitude towards games,but also guide parents to hold a correct attitude towards it too."Pre-school education becoming more like primary education" should be avoided under the background of "the popularization of pre-school education".Pre-school education teachers should realize that the selection of kindergarten curriculum and the evaluation system are quite random in order to avoid promoting the "examination-oriented education" and making pre-school education become more like primary education.Joy is the essence of the games,and therefore,pre-school education teachers should treat the games as development activities for young children,instead of regarding children's games as mere "gimmick".

  10. Psychomotor education, an aspect of general formation of pre-school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardian Shingjergji

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Current developments of scientific thinking in the field of education are increasingly demanding in various disciplines for young people as a matter of urgency. It is already known that child development is conditioned by ancestry, socio-cultural environment, including interaction with peers and adults. Albanian institutions (kindergarten compared to contemporary experience in more developed countries have to deal with issues such as: (1 The development of a run or optimal acceleration enrichment motor for kindergarten children, seen as an important element of the formation of the human personality and its preparation to cope with various situations of life ; (2 The role of infrastructure in the natural development of the personality of children and the educational process as a whole; (3 Parental community involvement as a fundamental prerequisite of real development of the child; (4The qualification level of the teaching staff in the elementary education system and the preparation of students teacher. I hope to add my contribution through this paper, not only by identifying the problems above, but also in presenting alternatives of a development model of kindergarten children motors skills progress, compared to contemporary experience in more developed countries. Keywords: ; ; ; ;

  11. Long Term Impact Of The Non Formal Pre School Education Component Of Icds On The Mental Status Of School Going Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sachar R K

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Research Question: What is the long term impact of non formal pre-school education component of ICDS on the mental status of school children? Objective: To assess and compare the long-term impact of the preschool education component of ICDS on the mental development in rural and urban children in the school going age group (6-12 yrs. Study design: With and without non-formal education exposure. Setting: Two ICDS blocks one urban and one rural in Ludhiana district. Participants: School going children in age group 6-12 yrs. Sample Size: 360 children, (180 each from urban and rural school going children from 30 schools. Study Variables: Age, Sex. Place of residence, previous ICDS attendance. Outcome Variable: present mental status by Raven Colored Progressive Matrices Test. Statistical Analysis: Mean and Standard Error of difference between means. Results: The children exposed to non-formal pre-school education through ICDS in younger life had better mental status than those who did not receive such stimulation. Urban children of higher age groups i.e, 8-10yrs, had better mental status than similar group of rural children. No sex difference was noted in between similar groups. Recommendation: Non-formal pre-school education component of ICDS is highly cost-effective measure in promoting mental development and serves very useful purpose in our present situation.

  12. Peculiarities of the Collaboration between the Family and the Pre-school Educational Institution: the Qualitative Aspect/ Charakterystyka wspó ł pracy pomi ę dzy rodzin ą a instytucjami wychowania przedszkolnego w aspekcie jako ś ciowym

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    INESA VIETIENĖ

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The attitude of family members towards the process of collaboration, as well as its peculiarities in the pre-school educational in stitution, is analysed in the article. The most efficient ways and forms that allow one to ensure the quality of this process are distinguished. It was revealed by the the analysis of scientific literature that recently it discussed more and more often about children’s successful socialization and high- quality self-development which can be achieved through sustainable collaboration between the members of the pre-school educational institution. In recent years highquality collaboration in the pre-school educational institutions is considered valuable and aspirational. The results of empirical study showed that the most effective forms of collaboration in pre-school educational inst itutions distinguished by the family (pa-rents of a pupil encompass individual conversations, teacher-parent meetings, variousfestive and afternoon get-togethers organized by pre-school educators as well as consultations with specialists. According to parents, a positive microclimate in a pre-school educational institution combined with the cooperative work of the staff provides favourable conditions for the establishment and development of a sufficient collaborative process in the pre-school educational institution.

  13. 学前教育要珍视儿童的独特性%To Value Children's Characteristic in Pre-school Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄凌

    2012-01-01

    The education which is against children' s characteristic will bring on a disaster and suffer ,because "the aim of ed- ucation is not anything else but the children' s happiness and development." We must value children, value children' s characteris- tic in Pre-school education, because children and children' s characteristic are our point of departure and position in Pre-school e- ducation. We must be ready for children's future happiness in Pre-school education, at the same time, the procedure that the chil- dren receive the education must be happy.%凡违背儿童特征的教育都会给儿童带来灾难和痛苦,学前教育必须关注儿童,关注儿童的独特性,因为儿童、儿童的独特特征是学前教育的出发点和立场。学前教育必须为儿童未来的幸福生活做必要的准备,同时,儿童接受学前教育的过程也必须是幸福的、快乐的。

  14. Intervención psicomotriz en el área personal/social de un grupo de educación preescolar/ Psychomotor intervention on social/personal area of a group of children of pre-school education

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rocío Rubio Ponce; David Arnoldo García Fernández; Natanael Cervantes Hernández

    2011-01-01

      In the present study there are realized the analysis of a group of children of the third degree of pre-school education, as for the possible improvement in their personal / social area that includes...

  15. Blind Pre-School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Billie, Comp.

    Articles pertinent to aiding the pre-school blind child are collected in this publication. Topics include discussion of attitudes and emotional reactions important for parents and teachers of blind children, and optimal development in regard to early motor behavior and emotional and social needs. Common areas of parental concern such as discipline…

  16. 留守儿童的学前教育状况研究%The Study of Pre-school Education Situation of the Children Left Behind

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佘艳

    2012-01-01

    当前,留守儿童的学前教育问题已经引起政府和社会各界的高度关注,由于亲情和家庭教育的缺失,留守儿童的成长、教育、心理和监护等产生了许多难以解决的问题,因此,政府、社会、学校和家庭应该共同努力,解决好留守儿童的学前教育问题,让留守儿童享有平等受教育的权利。%At present,pre-school children left behind has caused great concern of the government and the community,many of the difficult problems due to the lack of affection and family education,the growth of the children left behind,education,psychology and custody,therefore,the government,society,schools and families should work together to solve the problems of pre-school education of the children left behind,the right to equal access to education for children left behind.

  17. The Depth and Nature of Pre-school Education%幼儿教育的内涵深度与特色本质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐皇君

    2012-01-01

    幼儿教育的表征是活动化、生活化、游戏化的体验教育和认知启蒙,但要注重内涵深度和特色构建。宁波市宝韵华城幼儿园通过办园目标的实现、环境建设的创新、师资队伍的培养和园本特色的打造等途径来阐述对幼儿教育的内涵深度与特色本质的理解与实践操作。%Pre-school education is characterized by experimental education and cognitive enlightenment through life-oriented activities and games considering content depth and characteristic nature.Baoyun Huacheng Kindergarten in Ningbo proves its understanding and practice of pre-school education by the realization of kindergarten operation,environment construction,teaching staff building and kindergarten-based development.

  18. Epp Petrone raius blogid raamatusse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Petrone, Epp. Minu Ameerika : reportaaže ja pihtimusi 2003-2006. 1. osa. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2007 ; Petrone, Epp ; Reintam, Dagmar. Õun ära süüa? : [SL Õhtulehe populaarne suvejutt koos epiloogidega ja lisadega. Tallinn] : Pegasus, 2007 ; Reintam, Dagmar. daki.elab.siin. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2007

  19. Epp Petrone raius blogid raamatusse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Petrone, Epp. Minu Ameerika : reportaaže ja pihtimusi 2003-2006. 1. osa. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2007 ; Petrone, Epp ; Reintam, Dagmar. Õun ära süüa? : [SL Õhtulehe populaarne suvejutt koos epiloogidega ja lisadega. Tallinn] : Pegasus, 2007 ; Reintam, Dagmar. daki.elab.siin. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2007

  20. On the Cultivation of the Music Accomplishment of Pro-fessional Talents for Pre-school Education%学前教育专业人才音乐素养的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余文珠

    2013-01-01

    The current pre-school education in China is at the stage of comprehensive promotion. Music education, as an im-portant component of pre-school education, is conducive to the development of children's imagination and emotional experience, so it is an important link of children's comprehensive develop-ment. This paper analyzes the characteristics of pre-school music education and the current situation of teaching staff cultivation for pre-school music education, points out that the key of pre-school music teachers' music accomplishment lies in their abilities of organizing music activities, and proposes the measures that should be taken currently.%我国目前学前教育正处于全面推广的阶段,音乐教育作为学前教育的重要组成部分,有助于发展幼儿想象力和情感体验,是幼儿全面发展的重要环节。文章分析了幼儿音乐教育的特点和目前幼儿音乐教育师资培养现状,指出了幼儿教师音乐素养的关键在于组织音乐活动的能力,并给出了当前需采取的措施。

  1. 关于学前英语教育师资培养模式的思考%Some Reflections on the Models of Pre-School English Language Teacher Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘满堂

    2011-01-01

    我国学前英语教育的社会需求在不断增强,规模在不断扩大,学前英语教育已经成为新时期学前教育中不可回避的重大课题。目前关于学前英语教育的研究比较滞后,学前英语教育缺乏科学合理的指导标准,也未研究和制订有关学前英语教学的政策与法规,特别是学前英语教师的数量和整体质量与素质不令人乐观。本文着重分析和探讨学前英语教师应该具备的基本素质和学前英语教师培养的模式等,旨在促进学前英语教育,提高学前英语教学质量,推动学前英语师资队伍的建设工作。%In China,pre-school English language teaching(ELT) enjoys an increasing demand.The scale of teaching has been expanding over the years.The pre-school ELT has become a significant topic in pre-school education in the new period.However,the research work in pre-school ELT still lags behind.There are no scientific and reasonable guidelines for pre-school ELT.The work to study and formulate policies and laws concerning pre-school ELT hasn't started.Above all things,the quantity and quality of pre-school English language teachers are not of a reassuring nature.This paper attempts to analyze and discuss the basic qualities required of pre-school English teachers and the models of English teacher education,with the hope to facilitate pre-school ELT and promote the work of strengthening the ranks of pre-school English teachers.

  2. The Record of Interviews and Analysis Report for English Teachers in Pre-school Education Classes%学前教育专业英语教师教学访谈与分析报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      本文通过对本校学前教育专业1-4年级部分英语教师的访谈,了解学前教育专业英语教学的现状,并且试图针对英语教学现状,探索更适合学前教育专业学生英语学习的教学模式。%In this article, the writer records the interviews for some English teachers in pre-school education classes from Grade 1 to Grade 4 in my school. From them, current situations about the teaching and learning in pre-school education classes are learned. According to the current situations, right teaching models for students in pre-school education classes will be ex-plored.

  3. Pre-school Education of Professional Piano Skills%学前教育专业钢琴技能教育思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎松涛

    2012-01-01

    This paper,based on a summarization of the teaching of preschool education of professional piano skills,and through reflection about piano skill classes,improve the piano skills classes from the understanding of the study,strengthen the pre-school education professional piano skills learning angle,advocate based on traditional teaching,and the courage to teaching innovation,develop ideas explore various flexible teaching form,the integration of teaching resources,the new teaching material,explore new teaching methods,preschool education based on the professional characteristics,pay attention to preschool education professional keyboard skills actual utilization,and to establish a scientific and practical pre-school professional skills assessment standards,so as to promote the professional music skills classes of preschool development.%本文在总结学前教育专业实际钢琴技能课教学的基础上,通过对钢琴技能课的教学反思,从提高对钢琴技能课学习的认识,加强学前教育专业钢琴技能学习的角度出发,提倡立足传统教学,勇于教学创新,开拓思路,探索灵活多样的授课形式,整合教学资源,研究新教材、探索新教法,立足于学前教育的专业特点,注重学前教育专业键盘技能的实际运用,并建立科学、可行的学前专业技能考核标准,从而促进学前专业音乐技能课的发展。

  4. [Biological adaptation of children of preschool age with retardation of mental development (RMD) in conditions of pre-school correctional educational institutions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bannikova, L P; Sebirzyanov, M D

    2013-01-01

    The present study was devoted to the investigation of biological adaptation of children aged 6-7 years with retardation of mental development (RMD) in pre-school correctional educational institutions. Under supervision there were 69 children, out of them 34 RMD cases and 35 children in whom mental development corresponds to age-control group--35 persons. The increase in sympatico-adrenergic effects and centralized heart rhythm control was revealed in children of both groups under comparison, but in RMD cases these effects were more pronounced. Adaptation reserves in RMD children appeared to be lower than in children in whom mental development corresponds to the age. Gender differences of adaptive reserves in children have been established

  5. 新疆学前双语教育模式及教育方法之探讨%An Exploration on the Educational Modes and Methods of Pre -school Bilingual Education in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周欣

    2011-01-01

    自2005年新疆开展少数民族学前双语教育以来,调研组对新疆少数民族双语幼儿园编班类型、双语教育教学的形式进行了调查,在分析编班类型的基础上梳理出教育模式,并提出影响学前双语教育成效的因素。在与一线双语教师开展行动研究中总结出“三步式”学前双语教育方法,这是提升新疆学前双语教育质量的有效策略。%The pre - school bilingual education for ethnic minority students was launched in 2005 in Xinjiang. Based on a survey on the bilingual educational modes for the ethnic minority students as well as the analysis of the class - dividing methods in pre - school bilingual kindergartens, the factors affecting the success of bilingual education have been found out. And through action research with the front - line teachers, a three - step preschool bilingual educational mode was proposed, which has proved effective in improving the pre - school bilingual teaching quality

  6. Study on Music Education for Majors of Pre -school Education in Higher Normal Colleges%关于高师学前教育专业音乐教育的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕琪慧

    2012-01-01

      Music class is a compulsory course for students of pre -school education major and the primary task is to train the musical skills of kindergarten teachers .Therefore, the musical skills of majors of pre -school education directly affect the development of kindergarten education .This paper analyzed the problems involved in music teaching for pre -school profes-sional education.And based on the analysis, this paper also put forward some suggestions to solve those problems from the per -spectives of improving students 'skills,reforming the teaching contents and the teaching methods .%  音乐课是学前教育专业学生必修的一门专业课。主要任务是培养具备音乐教学能力的幼儿园教师。因此提高学前教育学生音乐教学能力直接影响着幼教事业的发展。分析了学前教育专业音乐教学中存在的突出问题,并从提高学生技能、教学内容、教学方法等方面提出了解决问题的主要途径和措施。

  7. COMPETENCE APPROACH TO THE FORMATION OF A MARKETING CULTURE OF FUTURE TEACHERS OF PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION

    OpenAIRE

    Natalija Feodorovna Zakharchenia

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. Marketing introduction in the field of education is capable to make beneficial impact both on experts of education, and on consumers of their production. The development of the market of educational services foregrounds the problem of the definition of aspects of formation of educational marketing and carrying out market researches in the field of education The necessity to increase the effectiveness of management in the sphere of education, search of innovative methods led to the us...

  8. The Effect of Food Guide Pyramid Education on the Knowledge of 5 to 6 Year Old Pre-School Children in one of the Districts of Shiraz, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Ahmadi

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of food guide pyramid education on the knowledge of 5 to 6 year-old children in kindergarten in Shiraz, Iran, using play and show methods. Materials & Methods: 62 children, 5 to 6 years old, were selected from one of the districts of Shiraz pre-schools by random cluster sampling. Subjects were divided into two groups. One group was educated by show and the other group by play and drawings. However, in both groups, they were educated using the same subjects about the food guide pyramid. The results were recorded by some tests before and after the intervention and were analyzed by the SPSS software using two sample t-test and Mann-Whitney U-test. Results: In both groups, after being taught about food guide pyramids, their knowledge about the number of food groups and recognizing them were improved (P<0.001. In both groups, their knowledge about the priority of any good and bad snack improved after the intervention, but this increase was significant only in the drawing and playing group (P<0.05. Conclusion: In a happy environment, children can gain good capacities for nutrition education and also playing and drawing can provide good interactions. Therefore, this method can be a useful choice for informing the children.

  9. 裴斯泰洛齐的早教思想及启示%Pestalozzi's Theory on Pre - school Education and its Modern Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓三英; 姚少怀

    2014-01-01

    文章通过对19世纪瑞士著名的民主主义教育家和教育改革实验家———裴斯泰洛齐鲜为人知的早教思想的收集和整理,认为其对我们今天的早教有以下启示:“爱”孩子是教育的基本原则和成功前提,家庭和幼儿园应通过营造“爱”的氛围促进孩子的发展;重视家庭作为孩子早期教育第一场所的作用,学校教育家庭化;给予孩子一种全面和谐的早期教育,避免幼儿教育小学化;顺应国家教育发展的大趋势,重视农村学前教育。%Pestalozzi is a famous democratic and experimental educator in the 19th century in Switzerland .After more than two hundred years' development , his educational theory is still full of wisdom and worthwhile to learn from .His “love” education inspires our families and kindergartens to create the loving atmosphere for children's development .His thought that life and labor education help children have an all -round and harmonious development in both body and mind can to some extent prevent our kindergarten education from tending to be far away from children's lives and close to that of primary education .What's more , his emphasis on rural education is in mere coincidence with our country which currently tends to pay great attention to pre - school education of children in rural areas .

  10. Inequality in Pre-School Education and Care in Germany: An Analysis by Social Class and Immigrant Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Moll, Frederick; Betz, Tanja

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, early childhood education and care have gained increasing public attention. This has led to an expansion of education and care programmes. Yet, little is known about how parents use different options of education and care. Take, for example, kin care, paid caregivers and out-of-kindergarten activities. Drawing on social…

  11. The Family Club Activities for Organizing a Social Partnership of the Pre-School Educational Institution and the Family

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latipov, Zagir A.; Bykova, Svetlana S.; Zhigalova, Maria P.

    2016-01-01

    The urgency of the theme is caused by the need for interaction between the family and the preschool educational organization towards a fully and harmoniously developed personality. Of all the forms of cooperation of educational organizations and families, the most relevant is a social partnership, where the subjects have common interests, equal…

  12. Thoughts on Problems in Pre-school Undergraduate Mu-sic Education Problems and the Countermeasures%对学前教育专业本科音乐教育问题与对策的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Music education is the main way of implementing aes-thetic education for children, and it plays an important role in the development of children's intelligence, personality, and emotion, so music education is very important in pre-school education major. However, there exist many problems in the current music education of pre-school education major. In view of the problems, we need to optimize the quality of students, consider the actual situation of pre-school education, increase the number of teach-ers, increase teaching periods and autonomous exercise, so as to cultivate more staff adapting to pre-school music education and early childhood education.%  音乐教育是对幼儿实施美育的主要途径,对幼儿智力、人格、情感等发展具有重要作用,音乐教育在学前教育专业中具有重要作用。但当前学前教育专业本科在音乐教育上存在生源质量差、音乐教育脱离幼教实际、师资力量不足、教学时数不足等问题;为此,需优化生源质量、联系幼教实际、增加教师数量、增加教学时数和自主练习时间等方式,培养适合于幼儿音乐教育和幼儿教育的学前教育师资。

  13. Women and men in education services: comparison of gender representation in Italian pre-school (0-6 services.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosy Nardone

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This contribution presents a part of the results of the research project entitled “Stereotipi di genere, relazioni educative e infanzie” (“Gender stereotypes, educational relationships and childhood" conducted between 2010 and 2012 by a group of researchers from the CSGE (Gender and Education Study Centre of the University of Bologna, funded by the Emilia-Romagna Region. The research aimed to measure the ideas and representations of gender and the gender relations among adults who are educationally significant for preschool children (0-6 years, and to develop widespread reflection on the issue of the stereotyped images of female and male identity that still exist and are transmitted from a very early age. This article particularly focuses on the analysis developed on gender representations in educational services 0-6 years by the professionals working in the centres involved, relating quantitative data with the considerations that emerged from the focus groups, about the female and male in education.

  14. Can mother’s education and family welfare reduce under-nutrition of pre-school children in India?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Premananda Bharati

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Since, the children are the future well-being of the entire society, it is necessary to see how the status of health of children can be improved.Objective: This paper reveals the growth and nutritional status of 0-59 month old children in India and also tries to delineate the responsible socio-economic factors behind nutrition.Methodology: The sample size of this study is 30,105 which have been collected by the third National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3. Data on socio-economic backgrounds are gender differences of the children, place, religion, education and age-group of mothers, wealth index and impact of colostrums on children’s growth and nutrition. Under nutrition has been assessed through the cutoff point of –2 of the z-score value corresponding to weight for age and height for age.Results: The data show that in India, 35.7 per cent children are undernourished. By age-group distribution, the maximum occurrence is noticed in the age between 24-35 months. More than 50% occurrences of underweight and stunted children are found in the states of east to central belt of India. It is also found that the distributions of weight and height around the means remain remarkably stable over age. This would appear to indicate that using of colostrums and weaning practices are possibly more important factors than solid food intake. Data reveals that mother’s education and family welfare are the prime factors to regulate the nutritional status of children. The study also reveals that mother’s education, economy, age-groups, and religion have great impact on use of colostrums.Conclusion: Analysis of possible regional and socio-economic factors thought to influence child nutrition outcomes does not reveal any substantive causal relations except for the mother’s educational status and household welfare.

  15. Design, validation and administration of an observation tool for assessing water psychomotor skills in pre-school education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Gómez-Mármol

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This research has aimed to create a new observation tool that lets the assessment of water psychomotor skills as well as the knowledge of its current state of development through its administration. In order to that, 8 experts (Physical Education teachers and swimming monitors all of them, have analyzed the Observation Tool for Assessing Water Psychomotor skills, composed by 5 factors (familiarization with the context, balance, displacement, handling and social relationships reporting satisfactory results. Furthermore, the water psychomotor development of 58 children aged between 3 and 6 years old was studied. Displacement and handling factors got the highest values meanwhile social relationships got the lowest value. Likewise, 5-6 years old group showed significant higher levels of water psychomotor development than 3-4 years old group.

  16. A Study on the Psychological Crisis Early-Warning Model for Students of Pre-school Education Major%幼师生心理危机预警模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林琳

    2011-01-01

    幼师生心理危机是影响学校稳定和发展的重要因素。针对预警在幼师生心理危机管理中的重要性,结合心理危机产生的原因,提出了幼师生心理危机预警指标体系。考虑到指标信息的模糊性,引入多层次模糊综合评判方法,建立了幼师生心理危机预警模型,以期在实践中得到应用。%The psychological crisis of students' of pre-school education major is an important factor influencing the stability and development of the school. In view of the importance of early warning in management of psychological crisis of students of pre-school education major and the causes of psychological crisis, this paper proposes the psychological crisis early- warning system for students of pre-school education major. Taking into account the ambiguity of index information, multi- level fussy comprehensive evaluation is introduced to construct a psychological crisis early-warning model for students of preschool education major, aiminz to be annlied in nractice.

  17. 基于职业性与师范性的学前教育专业体育课程改革%On Physical Curriculum Reform of Pre-school Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔玮

    2011-01-01

    高校学前教育专业体育课程改革要凸显职业性与师范性的双重特征。这就需要在课程改革过程中,进一步拓展学前教育专业体育教学的指导思想,准确定位体育课程在学前教育专业人才培养方案中的地位,积极倡导"学园结合"的体育课程模式,继续优化体育课程内容,构建以职业性与师范性为导向的体育课程体系。%College physical curriculum of pre-school education should highlight double features of profession and pedagogy which requires further development of pre-school physical education guidelines,accurate positioning of physical education in pre-school training program and promoting scientific physical education curriculum model so as to optimize physical course content and build a professional-oriented physical curriculum system.

  18. Pre-School Verbo-Sensory Motor Status as a Predictor of Educational Life-Courses and Self-Perceptions of Young Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hotulainen, Risto; Lappalainen, Kristiina; Ruoho, Kari; Savolainen, Hannu

    2010-01-01

    During a 15-year longitudinal study, 31 Finnish students (risk group) who had been identified as having deficiencies in reading and writing readiness at pre-school through the German Breuer-Weuffen Differentiation Test were compared with their peers (n = 62) in order to study long-term differences that emerged at the starting point of the study.…

  19. Job Characteristics and Mentoring in Pre-Schools: Mentoring Relationships among the Educational Staff When Challenged by Problem-Solving Tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waaland, Torbjorn

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the influence of problem-solving tasks on mentoring received, peer mentoring and mentoring provided. Design/methodology/approach: This cross-sectional survey was based on a questionnaire that was sent to a total of 435 employees from 29 pre-schools in Norway. A total of 284 responses were returned, a…

  20. 基于增强现实的学前儿童识字教育系统及实验研究%Research on Pre-School Children Character Symbol Education Systemand Experiments Based on Augmented Reality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李铁萌; 苏力博; 吕菲; 侯文军

    2015-01-01

    以学前儿童识字教育为内容,分析汉字形象特点及学前儿童识字能力,设计并实现基于增强现实技术的学前儿童识字系统,最后以幼儿园儿童为样本利用该系统进行了实验研究及中英文学习对比研究,实验结果表明该系统能够提升学前儿童的识字能力和提高对生字学习的记忆效果.%This paper analyzes the hieroglyphs characteristics of the Chinese characters and children's literacy abilitybased on the pre-school children character symbol education. Then, for the purpose of strengthening the real technology,a pre-school children literacy education System is designed and implemented. Finally, with the kindergarten children asthe sample, the system is implemented and two experiments are carried out. What's more, a comparison of Chinese andEnglish learning is done. The experiment results show that the system can enhance the pre-school children literacy skillsand memory.

  1. INCLUSIVE CULTURE IN PRE-SCHOOL INSTITUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena NOVACHEVSKA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Inclusive education is a rational concept that refers to the overall and long-term transformation of institutional systems in society, especially in education. Along with the transformation, a number of important and unresolved issues still appear in both theory and practice, as the duty of pre-school institutions and schools is to educate every student in the mainstream education system. One of the most important aspects of inclusion is the inclusive culture. Regardless of the good inclusive policy and practice, one cannot talk about successful inclusion without a properly developed inclusive institutional culture.This paper is a contribution to the research considering the development of inclusive culture in three preschool institutions. It is based on the thinking and attitudes of the pre­school staff toward the necessity of developing and nurturing an inclusive culture. Successful inclusion of pupils with special needs in the mainstream school system cannot be conceived without an inclusive culture.

  2. A Reflection of the Music Education for Pre-school Children in the Community%关于社区学龄前儿童音乐教育的几点思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙逸

    2012-01-01

    Music education plays a uniquely important part in pre-school children's growth. The music education for pre-school children is mainly the combination of music education in family and kindergarten, based on the community, which can help kids get better music education. This paper probes into the significant role of community in providing music education to prc-school chil- dren, on the basis of surveys.%音乐教育对学龄前儿童有着特殊而重要的意义,学龄前儿童的音乐教育主要是以社区为依托的家庭音乐教育与幼儿园音乐教育的结合。如何让学龄前的儿童进行更好的音乐教育,社区在其中发挥着重要的桥梁作用。本文以实际调查研究出发,探讨社区对学龄前儿童音乐教育的重要作用。

  3. A Study about Characteristic Development of Pre-school Education in Bijie Experimental Region%毕节试验区学前教育特色发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵敏

    2014-01-01

    《国家中长期教育改革和发展规划纲要(2010-2020年)》提出:实现更高水平的普及教育,基本普及学前教育,重点发展农村学前教育,努力提高农村学前教育普及程度。在学前教育基本普及的进程中,西部贫困地区要发展学前教育,保证教育公平,缩小与其它地区的差距,特色发展是必由之路。本课题以最具典型意义的毕节试验区学前教育特色发展作为研究的对象,采用问卷、访谈等方式进行深入、系统的调查研究,毕节试验区学前教育存在的问题有:办园条件差;农村幼儿园缺乏卫生保健专职人员;幼儿教师学历低;家园、社区共育的缺乏等等,并提出促进毕节试验区学前教育特色发展相应的策略。一方面,可以为地方政府决策提供咨询参考,另一方面,又可以为其它类似地区学前教育的发展提供借鉴,因此,具有重要的理论意义和实践意义。%The national medium and long-term education reform and development plan outline (2010-2020)put forward:to achieve higher levels of universal education,basic universal pre-school edu⁃cation,focus on developing the rural preschool education,strive to improve the rural pre-school education popularity. In the process of preschool education basic popularity ,to develop preschool education in the western poor areas,and guarantee the education fairness,reducing the gap with other regions,characteris⁃tic development is the only way. This topic is the most typical significant,it regards characteristic develop⁃ment of pre-school education in Bijie experimental region as the research object,using the form of question⁃naires,interview and investigation,the problems of pre-school education in Bijie experimental region are as following:the poor condition of kindergarten;lack of health care professionals at rural kindergartens;Pre⁃school teachers' degree is low;Cooperative education of

  4. INFORMATION AND NETWORKING AS THE MOST EFFECTIVE FACTOR IN THE OF ETHNO-CULTURAL COMPETENCE OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Anatolievna AKULININA

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the features of «information and networking» preschool with his family. Analysis was made of psychological and pedagogical literature on «information and networking», which showed that in or-der to achieve positive results in the formation of ethno-cultural competence of preschool teachers need practical interaction with parents means «computer communica-tions». It is concluded that the currently topical area of cooperation between preschool and his family is just information and networking, as the most effective factor in the formation of ethno-cultural competence of pre-school children.

  5. A Educação infantil e o Plano Nacional de Educação: as propostas da CONAE 2010 Pre-school education and the National Plan for Education: the 2010 CONAE´S proposals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lívia Maria Fraga Vieira

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Nosso objetivo é destacar alguns aspectos da oferta de educação infantil no país nos últimos 10 anos, tendo em vista as metas do Plano Nacional de Educação (PNE de 2001. Transcorrido esse período, que se caracterizou pela implementação de políticas que objetivaram integrar creches e pré-escolas nos sistemas de ensino, em consonância com o marco legal pós-Lei de Diretrizes e Bases da Educação Nacional (LDBEN, 1996, nós percebemos permanências, redefinições e tensões. Os subsídios para a elaboração do novo PNE, deliberados na Conferência Nacional de Educação (CONAE no último abril, redimensionam metas para esta etapa da educação básica, no propósito mais geral de estabelecer as bases de um novo pacto federativo, visando à construção de um Sistema Nacional de Educação. Questionamos se as metas sugeridas pela CONAE para a educação da criança pequena consideram as tendências de cobertura de acesso observadas nos últimos 10 anos e se promovem investimento na perspectiva do marco legal que vem sendo construído nas duas últimas décadas.This paper highlights some aspects regarding the supply of pre-school education in Brazil, these last 10 years, bearing in mind the goals of the 2001 National Plan for Education (PNE. After the period characterized by the implementation of policies aimed at integrating creches (daycare center and pre-schools into the teaching systems, in line with the legal goals proposed after the National Education Law of Guidelines and Basis (LDBEN, 1996, we have perceived permanencies, redefinitions and tensions. The elements to draw up the new PNE, deliberated within the Conference on National Education (CONAE, last April, resize the goals for this stage of basic education, with a more general purpose of establishing bases for a new federative pact aimed at the development of a National System of Education. We wonder if the goals suggested by the CONAE for the education of little children

  6. 顶层设计理念下的学前教育专业理论课程实践教学改革--以《学前心理学》课程为例%The Practice Teaching Reform of Pre -school Education Major’s Theory Curriculum Under the Top Design Concept---Taking“Pre -school Psychology” course as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖勇强; 叶逢福; 吕伟

    2015-01-01

    目前,学前教育专业毕业生普遍遭到“理论高于实践”和“实践能力差”的评价,存在入职适应期较长、入职早期实践能力欠缺的问题。我校在实践教学体系的构建与改革中运用顶层设计理念另辟蹊径,尝试在专业理论课程中围绕岗位核心技能提升这一主旨开展学生实践能力培养的改革,取得了一定的成效。%Currently, universal pre -school education major graduates encounter “theory above the practice”and “practice poor” rating.There are problems of a longer adaptation period atfer recruits, and lack of practical a-bility during early working period.We find a new path of using the top -level design in school construction and re-form practice teaching system, trying to focus on the core skill of professional position in theoretical courses to en-hance the cultivation of the students practice ability to carry out reforms, and achieved certain results.

  7. An Exploration on Multi-dimensional Curriculum Construction of Pre-School Music Education%学前教育音乐课程多维内涵构建的思考与探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林红

    2013-01-01

    This article is to reexamine the orientation of pre-school music curriculum from the perspective of the anthropology of music. It focus on the exploration of the multi-dimensional curriculum construction of pre-school music education from the perspective of Chinese music culture, world pluralistic music culture, the music cultural cognitive pattern and the curriculum integration of post-modernization and information process.%  在音乐人类学的视野下,重新审视学前教育音乐课程的定位。在学前教育音乐课程的建设中,从中国音乐文化和世界多元音乐文化的理解、认知音乐世界的音乐文化模式以及音乐课程的后现代化与信息化的融合等方面,探索学前教育音乐课程内涵的多维构建。

  8. Self-assessment and design of plans of improvement for educational institutions as a research and innovation process in pre-school and primary education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva María Espiñeira Bellón

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The improvement of the quality of the education constitutes one of the pillars of the Statutory law of education that must guarantee an effective equality of opportunities, rendering the necessary supports to the pupils requires that it and the center in which it is sent to school, with a permanent vocation of improvement.In the present article, after realising a development of the thematic on the scholastic improvement in diversity contexts, the importance is justified that at present has the development of systems of self-evaluation in the centers of Infantile and Primary Education in the Independent Community of Galicia.

  9. 论多元智能观下的高职学前英语人才培养%On the Cultivation of Pre -School English Education Talents in Higher Vocational Colleges under the Theory of Multiple Intelligences

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马国玉; 郝艳萍

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzed the cultivation of future pre -school English education talents in higher vocational colleges un-der the Theory of Multiple Intelligences.It put forward the reform idea of setting diversified cultivating goals,developing diver-sified post skills,adopting diversified teaching methods and teaching forms,and establishing diversified ways of teaching evalu-ation.It emphasized the teaching of multiple intelligences and with multiple intelligences as well as the situational,dynamic, and diversified teaching evaluation.To cultivate all -round developed pre -school English education talents,it was necessary to form proper view of intelligence,view of talents,view of education,view of students,view of teaching,and view of evalua-tion.%分析多元智能理论下的高职学前英语人才培养,提出设定多元化的培养目标、培养多元化的岗位技能、采用多元化的教学方法与教学组织形式、建立多元化的教学评价方式的改革思路,为多元智能而教、用多元智能来教,注重评价的情境性、动态性、多元性,形成良好的智能观、人才观、教育观、学生观、教学观、评价观,以期培养出高素质复合型高职学前英语人才。

  10. Traditsiooniliselt ja pluralistlikult / Epp Annus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Epp, 1969-

    1996-01-01

    Nüpli kevadkool (seminari 'Traditsioon ja pluralism' järg põhirõhuga kirjandusloole), korraldajateks Underi ja Tuglase Kirjanduskeskus, Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum ja Tartu Ülikooli eesti kirjandusloo uurimisgrupp. Ettekanded: Loone Ots. Kuninganna jalad ehk Non sciunt, se scient. Eesti kirjandust välistudengitele; Kristi Metste. Tubli pioneer Kampmaa; Peep Ehasalu. 'Kiired' ja soomlased; Sirje Olesk. Kodu- ja väliseesti kahekõne 1950.-1960. aastatel; Marin Laak. Kriitikateos kirjandusloos : näide 1924. aastast (Valmar Adamsi arvustus Jaan Kärneri romaani 'Bianka ja Ruth' puhul); Ene-Reet Soovik. Koed, põimed ja takerdused : Ants Orase tõlkekriitikast ja -praktikast; Epp Annus. Anakroonilised võitlused romaanis 'Tõde ja õigus'; Luule Epner. Kahe 'Libahundi' vahel : draama ja teater 1960.-70ndate vahetusel, põikega proosasse; Toomas Liivamägi. Mõned vulgariseeringud (20. sajandi modernism energia jäävuse seadusest lähtudes); Toomas Muru. Paabeli torn ja Gooti katedraal; Aare Pilv. Kirjandusloolisus kui hoiak; Indrek Särg - Sven Kivisildnik. Eesti gayluule järjekordne algus; Rutt Hinrikus. Reed Morn, andekas parasiit; Kajar Pruul. Ühe kunstiteose analüüs (Sven Kivisildniku luuletus 'Eesti Nõukogude Kirjanike Liit'); Ele Süvalep. Modernist Jaan Oks

  11. The Inspiration of Education Voucher System for the Investment of Private Pre-school Education in China%《纲要》背景下教育券制度对我国民办学前教育投入的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安丽杰

    2011-01-01

    Pre-school education be integrated into the overall education system in the《National education reform and development of long-term planning programs》 , the government will increase investment in pre-school education, support private kindergartens actively and improve a reasonable cost-sharing mechanisms, help the children from poor families financially. School vouchers as a new way of investment in education, its theory and practice provide important inspiration for our private pre- school education .In the introduction of school vouchers for private kindergarten can promote educational equity and teaching efficiency, promote the reform of standards for fees and improve tolling management, strengthen management of pre-school education and regulate its behaviors.%在《国家中长期教育改革与发展规划纲要》中,将学前教育纳入到教育的整体体系中,国家加大了对学前教育投入,积极扶持民办幼儿园,完善成本合理分担机制,对家庭经济困难幼儿入园给予补助。教育券作为一种新型的教育投入方式,其理论与实践为我国民办学前教育投入提供一些启示。在民办幼儿园引入教育券制度有助于实现教育公平,提高办学效率,促进收费标准改革,完善收费管理,加强对学前教育管理,规范办园行为。

  12. 浅谈建构主义视野下的学前儿童艺术教育%On Pre-school Children's Art Education from the Perspective of Constructivism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    明翠翠

    2012-01-01

    建构主义自产生以来,引起教育界对儿童教育的大讨论,其所倡导的知识是学生主动建构的结果,重视学生的原有经验、以学生为主体,以教师为帮助者和指导者,强调学生在有意义的情境中协作交流等观点赢得了教育界的普遍认可。本文即从以上观点出发来探讨建构主义对学前儿童艺术教育的几点启示,及教师应如何依据建构主义的基本观点进行有效艺术教育。%Constructivism has won discussions on children's education by educators.Constructivism advocates knowledge constructed initiatively,student's original experience and emphasizing cooperation and communications in meaningful con-text etc.These theories has won the general recognition of most educators.This article is to explore enlightenments from constructivism towards pre-school children's art education.It alsodiscusses what the teachers should do to carry out art edu-cation effectively.

  13. Pre-school Students' Career Planning Education Method in Vocational Colleges%高职院校幼师生职业生涯规划教育方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周杰

    2015-01-01

    According to the career planning education methods research, the related concepts of career planning education has been clear and the career planning education systems have been preliminarily established. Strengthen the students' professional planning awareness. Lead students to achieve their professional quality and ability. The head teachers and more educators have the ability to guide students to design career planning. It is of great significance to improve the effectiveness of the career planning education of pre-school students in vocational colleges.%通过对高职院校幼师生职业生涯规划教育方法的研究,明确了职业生涯规划教育的相关概念,初步建立了幼师生职业生涯规划教育体系.增强了学生职业规划意识,引领学生实现职业选择所应具备的职业素质和能力.使班主任及更多的教育者具有指导学生设计职业生涯规划的能力.切实提高了高职院校幼师生职业生涯规划教育的实效性.

  14. Government Support to the Pre-schooling Education in the Rural Area Under the Background of Coordinated Rural and Urban Development%城乡统筹背景下农村学前教育的政府扶持

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文然然; 王健

    2011-01-01

    农村学前教育面临城乡差距大、发展步履维艰的问题。政府对农村学前教育的扶持行为应在城乡统筹的大背景下加大经费投入力度,解决好农村留守儿童教育问题,统筹城乡师资,落实监督机制,促进农村学前教育均衡发展。%There is a large gap in the pre-schoohng education between urban and rural areas, where the education is faced with numerous difficulties. The support by the government to the pre-schoohng education in the rural area shall be carried out under the background of coordinated rural and urban development: increase investment to educate the stay-at-home children, coordinate the teachers for the urban and rural area, and strengthen the supervision so as to promote the balanced pre-schooling education in the rural area.

  15. Nutritional practices in full-day-care pre-schools.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Jennings, A

    2011-06-01

    Full-day-care pre-schools contribute significantly to the nutritional intake and acquisition of dietary habits of the pre-school child. The present study investigated nutritional practices in full-day-care pre-schools in Dublin, Ireland, aiming to determine the nutritional support that pre-school managers deem necessary, thereby facilitating the amelioration of existing pre-school nutritional training and practices.

  16. From Doing to Learning: Changed Focus during a Pre-School Learning Study Project on Organic Decomposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta; Magnusson, Andreas; Peterson, Sam

    2014-01-01

    We explored the use of the learning study (LS) model in developing Swedish pre-school science learning. This was done by analysing a 3-cycle LS project implemented to help a group of pre-school teachers (n?=?5) understand their science educational practice, by collaboratively and systematically challenging it. Data consisted of video recordings of…

  17. The Methods Applied by Pre-School Teachers to Raise the Curiosity of Children and Their Views

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buyuktaskapu Soydan, Sema; Erbay, Filiz

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the strategies used by pre-school teachers in order to raise curiosity in children. Based on this aim, sample is composed of 52 pre-school teachers working in kindergartens affiliated to Ministry of National Education. Study data were collected via qualitative research methods. Research data were gathered…

  18. Day care for pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoritch, B; Roberts, I; Oakley, A

    2000-01-01

    The debate about how, where and by whom young children should be looked after is one which has occupied much social policy and media attention in recent years. Mothers undertake most of the care of young children. Internationally, out-of-home day-care provision ranges widely. These different levels of provision are not simply a response to different levels of demand for day-care, but reflect cultural and economic interests concerning the welfare of children, the need to promote mothers' participation in paid work, and the importance of socialising children into society's values. At a time when a decline in family values is held responsible for a range of social problems, the day-care debate has a special prominence. To quantify the effects of out-of-home day-care for preschool children on educational, health and welfare outcomes for children and their families. Randomised controlled trials of day-care for pre-school children were identified using electronic databases, hand searches of relevant literature, and contact with authors. Studies were included in the review if the intervention involved the provision of non-parental day care for children under 5 years of age, and the evaluation design was that of a randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trial. A total of eight trials were identified after examining 920 abstracts and 19 books. The trials were assessed for methodological quality. Day-care increases children's IQ, and has beneficial effects on behavioural development and school achievement. Long-term follow up demonstrates increased employment, lower teenage pregnancy rates, higher socio-economic status and decreased criminal behaviour. There are positive effects on mothers' education, employment and interaction with children. Effects on fathers have not been examined. Few studies look at a range of outcomes spanning the health, education and welfare domains. Most of the trials combined non-parental day-care with some element of parent training or education

  19. The Theory of Moral Heteronomy and its Revelation for Pre-school Education%道德他律理论及其对学前教育的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王万梅

    2012-01-01

      The development of morality in childhood is always characterized by heteronomy. Heteronomy runs through all aspects of children’s morality such as the knowledge, emotion, and behavior, which influence each other and promote the development of children's morality. Having a full understanding of the essence and connotation about moral heteronomy in childhood will contribute a lot to improve the ideas, methods and modes about how to do in the pre-school education, which provides important reference and guiding significance.%  童年期个体的道德发展以他律为基本特征。他律贯穿于儿童道德的知、情、行各个方面,三者相互影响、相互促进推动了儿童的道德发展。充分理解幼儿道德他律的实质和内涵有助于完善学前教育的理念、方法、模式,具有重要的借鉴和指导意义。

  20. Evaluation of Fast Food Behavior in Pre-School Children and Parents Following a One-Year Intervention with Nutrition Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yongqing; Huang, Yuee; Zhang, Yongjun; Liu, Fengqiong; Feng, Cindy Xin; Liu, Tingting; Li, Changwei; Lin, DongDong; Mu, Yongping; Tarver, Siobhan L.; Wang, Mao; Sun, Wenjie

    2014-01-01

    A community-based intervention study was conducted to assess a nutrition education intervention on western style fast food consumption among Chinese children and parents. Eight kindergartens from three district areas of Hefei City (a total of 1252 children aged 4–6 years and their parents) were randomly selected. Descriptive and analytical statistical methods were used to evaluate the baseline, midterm, and final western style fast food knowledge, attitude, and practice in both parents and children were used to identify and compare the knowledge, attitude, and practice in the parents and children. Parents and children were divided into “intervention” and “control” groups based on nutrition education status. Consumption of western style fast food at breakfast in Chinese children and parents is not high. The main reasons for this in children is that consumption of western style fast food is not viewed as “food”, but rather as a “gift” or “interesting”. The time of children’s consumption of western style fast food is mostly likely to be in the weekends. The nutrition education modified the parents’ western style fast food behavior (p < 0.01), although it did not change significantly in children. The healthy nutrition concept should be built up among Chinese, especially in children. Insights from the families provide leads for future research and ideas for the nutrition education. PMID:24983391

  1. Evaluation of Fast Food Behavior in Pre-School Children and Parents Following a One-Year Intervention with Nutrition Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongqing Gao

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A community-based intervention study was conducted to assess a nutrition education intervention on western style fast food consumption among Chinese children and parents. Eight kindergartens from three district areas of Hefei City (a total of 1252 children aged 4–6 years and their parents were randomly selected. Descriptive and analytical statistical methods were used to evaluate the baseline, midterm, and final western style fast food knowledge, attitude, and practice in both parents and children were used to identify and compare the knowledge, attitude, and practice in the parents and children. Parents and children were divided into “intervention” and “control” groups based on nutrition education status. Consumption of western style fast food at breakfast in Chinese children and parents is not high. The main reasons for this in children is that consumption of western style fast food is not viewed as “food”, but rather as a “gift” or “interesting”. The time of children’s consumption of western style fast food is mostly likely to be in the weekends. The nutrition education modified the parents’ western style fast food behavior (p < 0.01, although it did not change significantly in children. The healthy nutrition concept should be built up among Chinese, especially in children. Insights from the families provide leads for future research and ideas for the nutrition education.

  2. Evaluation of fast food behavior in pre-school children and parents following a one-year intervention with nutrition education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yongqing; Huang, Yuee; Zhang, Yongjun; Liu, Fengqiong; Feng, Cindy Xin; Liu, Tingting; Li, Changwei; Ling, Dong Dong; Mu, Yongping; Tarver, Siobhan L; Wang, Mao; Sun, Wenjie

    2014-06-30

    A community-based intervention study was conducted to assess a nutrition education intervention on western style fast food consumption among Chinese children and parents. Eight kindergartens from three district areas of Hefei City (a total of 1252 children aged 4-6 years and their parents) were randomly selected. Descriptive and analytical statistical methods were used to evaluate the baseline, midterm, and final western style fast food knowledge, attitude, and practice in both parents and children were used to identify and compare the knowledge, attitude, and practice in the parents and children. Parents and children were divided into "intervention" and "control" groups based on nutrition education status. Consumption of western style fast food at breakfast in Chinese children and parents is not high. The main reasons for this in children is that consumption of western style fast food is not viewed as "food", but rather as a "gift" or "interesting". The time of children's consumption of western style fast food is mostly likely to be in the weekends. The nutrition education modified the parents' western style fast food behavior (p children. The healthy nutrition concept should be built up among Chinese, especially in children. Insights from the families provide leads for future research and ideas for the nutrition education.

  3. New Approaches to Education of Children of Pre-School Age. Report of a Regional Meeting of Experts (Bangkok, Thailand, September 4-12, 1978).

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and Oceania.

    This report of the regional meeting of experts in Asia and Oceania provides review of presentations from different countries, a review of research and pedagogical considerations, and recommendations concerning new approaches for early childhood education. Particular reference is made to disadvantaged rural and urban populations. Also included are…

  4. Children's collaborative encounters in pre-school

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svinth, Lone

    2013-01-01

    ’s collaboration and how the institutional demands influence children’s collaborative encounters. The study is based on video recordings of paedagogical activities (workshops and circle times) in two Danish pre-schools over a period of 11 months. Although institutional demands challenge children’s initiatives...

  5. Evaluation of Fast Food Behavior in Pre-School Children and Parents Following a One-Year Intervention with Nutrition Education

    OpenAIRE

    Yongqing Gao; Yuee Huang; Yongjun Zhang; Fengqiong Liu; Cindy Xin Feng; Tingting Liu; Changwei Li; Dongdong Lin; Yongping Mu; Tarver, Siobhan L.; Mao Wang; Wenjie Sun

    2014-01-01

    A community-based intervention study was conducted to assess a nutrition education intervention on western style fast food consumption among Chinese children and parents. Eight kindergartens from three district areas of Hefei City (a total of 1252 children aged 4–6 years and their parents) were randomly selected. Descriptive and analytical statistical methods were used to evaluate the baseline, midterm, and final western style fast food knowledge, attitude, and practice in both parents and c...

  6. Effects of Psychoanalytic School on Curriculum of Pre-school Education%精神分析学派对幼儿园课程的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荆梦果

    2012-01-01

    Psychoanalysis is one of the main schools of the modern Western psychology,many of the basic theories had a profound impact on education.Psychoanalytic school of personality theory-based teaching concept,advocating the personified teaching,emphasizing that personality is the knowledge of learning,character formation,the theory of the psychological basis of creativity and the development of the subconscious theory,the sexual instinct theory,early experience greatly promoted the early 20th century the development of education has a significant impact on the kindergarten curriculum.%精神分析学派是近代西方心理学主要流派之一,其很多基本理论都对教育事业产生了深远的影响。精神分析学派以人格理论为基础的教学观,倡导人格化的教学,强调人格是知识学习、品德形成、创造力发展等的心理基础,潜意识理论、性本能论、早期经验等理论都极大地推动着20世纪早期教育的发展,对幼儿园课程有着很大的影响。

  7. [Evaluation of a nutrition education intervention in teachers and students in pre-school and primary schools in los Andes, Chile].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montenegro, Edith; Salinas, Judith; Parra, María; Lera, Lydia; Vio, Fernando

    2014-09-01

    The objective of the study was to assess the impact of a nutrition education program for teachers to improve food knowledge, food consumption and the nutritional status of their pre basic and basic students. A quasi-experimental study was carried out, with a pre-post evaluation of food knowledge, food consumption and nutritional status. The sample was 25 teachers and 465 students in Los Andes, with 352 students as control group in San Felipe. The nutrition intervention consisted in 9 interactive workshops for teachers during 5 months, transferring the information to the students. In the experimental group there was a significant improvement in food knowledge and a decrease in non-healthy food consumption in students, compared with the control group, without changes in nutritional status. In conclusion, the intervention in teachers improved food knowledge and healthy food consumption in students. As a consequence of the short period of intervention, the nutritional status did not change. If these strategies are maintained over time and incorporated to the school curricula could achieve more significant results, in particular if parents are incorporated in school nutrition education programs.

  8. THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE EDUCATIONAL STAFF TOWARDS CHILDREN WITH DEVE LOPMENTAL DISORDERS-AN IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR THEIR QUALITY TREATMENT IN THE PRE-SCHOOL INSTITUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Snezana MATOVSKA

    1997-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction· The purpose for the integration in the preschool institution· The need for the integration in the preschool institution· The results of the integration in the preschool institutionPersonal experience from the integration in the preschool institution· The relationship of the educational and upbringing staff towards the child· The relationship of the child towards the preschool institution· (the relationship towards the other children and the relationship towards the staff Proposal and suggestions for solving the present situation· The completion of legislative and its carrying out in practice· The creation of space and staff possibilities for active integration of the children with developmental disorders in the preschool institutions· The preparation of didactic material and the devices for carrying out the working program.

  9. Extraction of the EPP Component from the Surface EMG

    OpenAIRE

    KUMAI, TOSHIFUMI

    2009-01-01

    A surface electromyogram (EMG), especially when recorded near the neuromuscular junction, is expected to contain the endplate potential (EPP) component which can be extracted with an appropriate signal filter. Two factors are important: the EMG must be recorded in monopolar fashion, and the recording must be done so the low frequency signal corresponding the EPP is not eliminated. This report explains how to extract the EPP component from the EMG of the masseter muscle in a human subject. The...

  10. Islamic Pre-School Management and Its Implications towards Students’ Learning Quality Improvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosniati Hakim

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Islamic education in schools had not completely assessed the development of students’ character and personality. Therefore, additional religious education through non-formal education and religious practices were needed in Islamic Pre-Schools. It provided a forum to foster, develop, cultivate, and transform the religious value of the students to improve their personality. The purpose of this research was to examine social phenomenon that occur naturally through the facts related to management activities of students. Qualitative research was used in this study where the data taken from head of Islamic pre-school and the school deputy, teacher, staffs, mosque administrators of Baitul Haadi, administrator of the school, staffs of Ministry of Religious Affairs as well as Islamic pre-school inspectors, parents, community leaders, and administrators of professional organizations. The finding showed that students’ management applied in Islamic pre-school through the management functions is able to provide the successful of student’s education and learning implementation. It was also found that student management applied in Islamic pre-school is planning activities of students’ admission process through the administration regularly with various regulations related to the success of education. Thus, it is expected that the government will provide the guidance and implement constant supervision in accordance with applicable regulations.

  11. Islamic Pre-School Management and Its Implications towards Students’ Learning Quality Improvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosniati Hakim

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Islamic education in schools had not completely assessed the development of students’ character and personality. Therefore, additional religious education through non-formal education and religious practices were needed in Islamic Pre-Schools. It provided a forum to foster, develop, cultivate, and transform the religious value of the students to improve their personality. The purpose of this research was to examine social phenomenon that occur naturally through the facts related to management activities of students. Qualitative research was used in this study where the data taken from head of Islamic pre-school and the school deputy, teacher, staffs, mosque administrators of Baitul Haadi, administrator of the school, staffs of Ministry of Religious Affairs as well as Islamic pre-school inspectors, parents, community leaders, and administrators of professional organizations. The finding showed that students’ management applied in Islamic pre-school through the management functions is able to provide the successful of student’s education and learning implementation. It was also found that student management applied in Islamic pre-school is planning activities of students’ admission process through the administration regularly with various regulations related to the success of education. Thus, it is expected that the government will provide the guidance and implement constant supervision in accordance with applicable regulations.

  12. 中职学前教育专业顶岗实习成效研究%Secondary Vocational Pre-School Education Professional Internships Effectiveness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王月晓

    2015-01-01

    "Internship"is China's vocational education in a new way to practice, since 2008, Fuzhou Vocational introduced pre-professional internships, conduct research article on the status of vocational pre-professional internships, and that the im-pact internships effectiveness factors have ideological understanding, professional skills, career aspirations, ability to observe and guide the supervision and propose countermeasures.%“顶岗实习”是我国职业教育中一种新的实习方式,2008年起,福州市中职学前教育专业开始实行顶岗实习,本文就中职学前教育专业顶岗实习的现状进行调研,认为影响顶岗实习成效的因素有思想认识、专业技能、职业理想、观察能力及指导监管等,并提出对策。

  13. TEACHING MATHEMATICS BY LULLABIES IN PRE-SCHOOL PERIOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülçin OFLAZ

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available One of the oral literature products of Turkish culture which is shared from centuries before is called lullaby (Baby songs. Lullabies contain Turkish Nation’s common cultural items that gather us together. Recent researches show that the lullabies which are sung for babies has an educational dimension. With their rich themes lullabies tells about the main problems that the babies and children may confront in their school life and further years. The relation between lullabies and mathematics has been searched at this research. For this purpose the concepts of pre-school education for 3-6 year-old children has been dealt with and a categorising has been made. Then the product called “Turkish Lullabies 1” has been analysed by utilising context analysing of these categorising. According to the findings of the research, the lullabies that have been sung for centuries contain more educational concept than the concepts that are planned to be applied at the pre-school educational programme.

  14. Having the Touch of Motivation in Pre-school

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Ole

    2016-01-01

    the child to experiences of excitement through 1) physical contact and 2) theatrical performance. Furthermore, I will argue that the children's motivation is developed, because the educators actions create an environment of bodily felt uncertainty, which refers to ambiguous here-and-now-experiences in which......In this presentation, I will investigate the construction of embodied motivation in the interactions between educators and pre-school children during physical activity. The purpose of this study is to advancing the argument that motivation-building is more than pep-talks, magic formulaes...... in a Danish Kindergarten and phenomenological interpretations I will argue that motivation to participate and engage is facilitated when educators speak to the 'bodies' of children, rather than to their intellectual reasoning. I will illustrate how an educator motivates a child during a game of tag by guiding...

  15. Progressive IRP Models for Power Resources Including EPP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiping Zhu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In the view of optimizing regional power supply and demand, the paper makes effective planning scheduling of supply and demand side resources including energy efficiency power plant (EPP, to achieve the target of benefit, cost, and environmental constraints. In order to highlight the characteristics of different supply and demand resources in economic, environmental, and carbon constraints, three planning models with progressive constraints are constructed. Results of three models by the same example show that the best solutions to different models are different. The planning model including EPP has obvious advantages considering pollutant and carbon emission constraints, which confirms the advantages of low cost and emissions of EPP. The construction of progressive IRP models for power resources considering EPP has a certain reference value for guiding the planning and layout of EPP within other power resources and achieving cost and environmental objectives.

  16. Imaging Electron Spectrometer (IES) Electron Preprocessor (EPP) Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fennell, J. F.; Osborn, J. V.; Christensen, John L. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The Aerospace Corporation developed the Electron PreProcessor (EPP) to support the Imaging Electron Spectrometer (IES) that is part of the RAPID experiment on the ESA/NASA CLUSTER mission. The purpose of the EPP is to collect raw data from the IES and perform processing and data compression on it before transferring it to the RAPID microprocessor system for formatting and transmission to the CLUSTER satellite data system. The report provides a short history of the RAPID and CLUSTER programs and describes the EPP design. Four EPP units were fabricated, tested, and delivered for the original CLUSTER program. These were destroyed during a launch failure. Four more EPP units were delivered for the CLUSTER II program. These were successfully launched and are operating nominally on orbit.

  17. Problems and Strategies for Major of Pre-school Education for Adult Students:With Fine Art Education as an Example%成人学前教育专业教学存在的若干问题及解决策略--以美术教学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张菡

    2015-01-01

    The paper aims to provide tips to the teachers of adult majoring in pre-school fine art education. Problems in adult pre-school fine art education:incomplete curriculum design, weak teaching personal,insufficient teaching resources,unsatisfactory teaching contents and methodology and learners’ weak autonomy.%本文旨在为成人学前教育美术专业的教师改进教学提供借鉴。成人学前教育美术专业教学中存在诸多问题:美术课程设置不够完善、美术师资力量不强、教学资源相对不足、教学内容与方法还不令人满意、学生的自学能力较弱等。针对这种现状,本文拟就所存在的问题作以探讨分析,进而提出相应的改进策略。

  18. On the Underpinning of Pre-school Education and Overcoming the Trend of Kindergartens“Primary-schoolization”and “Urbanization”in the Rural%学前教育的基础性与农村幼儿园小学化、城市化的矫治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔国富; 耿海英

    2013-01-01

    As part of the basic education,pre-school education has a strong underpinning.It is the foundation of basic education,of early childhood physical development and perception and emotional development,of the development of language,social adaptability and personality. Rural kindergartens “primary-schoolization”、“urbanization”tend to appear,because of a departure from its underpinning, neglected rural pre-school education regional characteristics. Rural pre-school education of returning to its underpinning ,taking the road of according to local conditions of characteristic development can truly overcome backwardness and trend of the rural kindergartens“primary-schoolization”and“urbanization”,continues to raise the level of scientific development and penetration.%作为基础教育的组成部分,学前教育具有鲜明的基础性。它是基础教育之基础,是幼儿身体发育成长、感知觉以及情感发展、语言和社会适应性以及个性发展的基础。农村幼儿园“小学化”、“城市化”倾向的出现,根本原因在于背离学前教育的基础性、忽视农村学前教育地域特色。农村学前教育回归其基础性、走因地制宜特色发展之路,才能真正克服发展落后及幼儿园“小学化”、“城市化”的倾向,不断提高科学发展水平与普及程度。

  19. Factors of Social Adjustment to School: Child's Personality, Family and Pre-School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zupancic, Maja; Kavcic, Tina

    2011-01-01

    The role of child's characteristics (gender, cognitive ability, mother-perceived personality traits), family environment (maternal education, self-reported parenting practices) and pre-school experience (at least three years vs. no experience) in social adjustment to school, reflected through teacher reports on social competence and internalising…

  20. Factors of Social Adjustment to School: Child's Personality, Family and Pre-School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zupancic, Maja; Kavcic, Tina

    2011-01-01

    The role of child's characteristics (gender, cognitive ability, mother-perceived personality traits), family environment (maternal education, self-reported parenting practices) and pre-school experience (at least three years vs. no experience) in social adjustment to school, reflected through teacher reports on social competence and internalising…

  1. A Study on Social Competence and Temperament of Pre-School Children's

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pekdogan, Serpil; Kanak, Mehmet

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to explore the social competence and temperament of 4-6 age group children attending pre-school education institutions, to identify whether their social competence levels vary by gender, and to show the relationship between the sub-dimensions of social competence and those of temperament. The study group consists of…

  2. Pre-School Attendance and Child Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bauchmüller, Robert; Gørtz, Mette; Rasmussen, Astrid Würtz

    , of total work experiences, ages and hourly wages of staff members. Those indicators show the expected correlations with children's development outcomes, better day-care quality being linked to better child outcomes ten years later. We use rich administrative information about the children's background......Earlier research suggests that children's development is shaped in their early years of life. This paper examines whether differences in day-care experiences during pre-school age are important for children's cognitive and language development at the age of 15. The analysis is based on class...... performance at the end of elementary schooling. We assess the effects of attended types and qualities of day-care institutions on various child outcomes as measured by school grades in mathematics, science, English and Danish for the whole Danish population as well as outcomes from the 2006 PISA Denmark...

  3. Extraction of the EPP component from the surface EMG.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumai, Toshifumi

    2009-12-16

    A surface electromyogram (EMG), especially when recorded near the neuromuscular junction, is expected to contain the endplate potential (EPP) component which can be extracted with an appropriate signal filter. Two factors are important: the EMG must be recorded in monopolar fashion, and the recording must be done so the low frequency signal corresponding the EPP is not eliminated. This report explains how to extract the EPP component from the EMG of the masseter muscle in a human subject. The surface EMG is recorded from eight sites using traditional disc electrodes aligned along over the muscle, with equal inter-electrode distance from the zygomatic arch to the angle of mandible in response to quick gum clenching. A reference electrode is placed on the tip of the nose. The EPP component is extracted from the raw EMGs by applying a high-cut digital filter (2nd dimension Butterworth filter) with a range of 10-35 Hz. When the filter is set to 10 Hz, the extracted EPP wave deflects either negative or positive depending on the recording site. The difference in the polarity reflects the sink-source relation of the end plate current, with the site showing the most negative deflection corresponding to the neuromuscular junction. In the case of the masseter muscle, the neuromuscular junction is estimated to be located in the inferior portion close to the angle of mandible. The EPP component exhibits an interesting oscillation when the cut-off frequency of the high-cut digital filter is set to 30 Hz. The EPP oscillation indicates that muscle contraction is adjusted in an intermittent manner. Abnormal tremors accompanying various sorts of diseases may be substantially due to this EPP oscillation, which becomes slower and is difficult to cease.

  4. 少数民族学前儿童双语教育推进中的双语教师认知研究%A Study of Bilingual Teachers’ Understanding of the Bilingual Education Drive for Pre-School Ethnic Minority Children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范晓玲

    2013-01-01

    This author handed out questionnaires to and conducted interviews with pre-school bilingual teachers in terms of the pre-school bilingual education, the language use and attitude, faculty training, and materials in Urumqi and Kashgar. The analysis of the data found that most subjects take a positive and active attitude to pre-school education, differences exist in the use of either Chinese or the ethnic minority language, bilingual teachers are insufficient and the teaching materials lack local features. Further it made relevant proposals to solve the problems in these areas.%文章通过对乌鲁木齐、喀什等地的学前双语教师针对学前儿童课堂双语教学、语言使用及态度、师资培养、教材方面的问卷及访谈,数据分析发现大部分调查者对学前双语教育持肯定和积极支持的认知态度,但同时也反映出授课语言中民、汉两种语言使用的认识差异、教师“一缺两低”的问题、教材缺少地方特色内容等问题,并从师资培养、教学方法、教材编写、理论研究等方面提出相关建议。

  5. Exploring personality traits and well-being among pre-school and primary school teachers in Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja Tatalović Vorkapić

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Background Pre-school and primary school teachers are directly involved in the education of children. In addition to teachers’ competences, the quality of their work is significantly influenced by their psychological well-being. It is therefore important to focus on their well-being as well as on personality traits they have. The main objective of this study was to examine the relationship between life satisfaction, happiness, optimism and personality traits of pre-school and primary school teachers in Croatia. Participants and procedure The study was conducted on a sample of 103 pre-school teachers and 117 primary school teachers who completed self-evaluated scales on personality traits, life satisfaction, happiness and optimism. Results The results demonstrated high levels of all personality traits in both samples. High levels of life satisfaction were positively associated with happiness and optimism. Personality traits were also positively associated with life satisfaction, happiness and optimism. There were no differences in life satisfaction, happiness, optimism or personality traits between pre-school and primary school teachers, except for openness to experience being higher in pre-school teachers. Emotional stability was a significant predictor of teachers’ well-being. Conclusions The results have significant implications for improvement of teaching practice at primary school and pre-school levels. The findings highlight the importance of teachers’ personality traits and their well-being for the quality of their work with children.

  6. PREVALENCE OF ANAEMIA AMONG RURAL PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN OF MAHARASHTRA, INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Arlappa

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Anaemia continues to be a severe public health nutritional problem in India affecting all physiological groups, even after the National Nutritional Anaemia Prophylaxis Programme has been in operation for more than three decades. Objective: To assess the prevalence of anaemia among rural pre-school (1-5-years children of Maharashtra. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was carried by National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB covering a total of 404 (Boys-243; Girls-161 pre-school children. Information of socio-demographic particulars was obtained and the finger prick blood samples were collected for the estimation of haemoglobin levels by cyanmethmoglobin method. Results: The result shows that 59.2 % (CI: 54.4-64.0 of the rural pre-school children of Maharashtra were anaemic, and the prevalence was significantly (p40% among rural pre-school children of Maharashtra. Therefore, appropriate intervention measures such as supplementary iron & folic acid, periodic deworming and health & nutrition education should be strengthened. The community needs to be encouraged to diversify their diets by consuming iron rich foods.

  7. FORMATION OF RESPONSIBLE ATTITUDE TO HEALTH OF PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN IN MOUNTAINOUS TERRAIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Semenova

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The article discloses the aspects of work of pre-school educational establishments in terms of formation of children’s responsible attitude to their own health. The author characterizes the principles underlying the educational process. Guidelines that specify the content of teachers’ activity in mountainous terrain are given in the paper. As the result of the growth of children’s chronic diseases the author emphasizes the need to use national education experience for teaching and upbringing healthy personality of a preschooler in a mountain environment. Since clean air and aesthetic landscapes encourage active relaxation and recreation. The researcher presents the system of knowledge and skills for a healthy lifestyle which are essential for a child of preschool age. The article emphasizes the readiness of pre-school teachers and parents to use folk pedagogical means of healing, developing children's valeological knowledge and skills.

  8. Prevalence of behavioural problems of Khorramabad pre-school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    faride Malekshahi

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Malekshahi F1, Farhadi A2 1. Instructor, Department of Society Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran 2. Instructor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran Abstract Background: Childhood period it one of the most important stages of life in which individuals personality is formed. The majority of behavioral problems are due to attention deficit to the sensitive periods of childhood. This attention deficit leads to lack of agreement with environment and causes behavioural problems in children. Behavioural problem is attributed to a persons behaviour that his IQ isn lowered, but his or her mental and behavioural equilibrium is deviated from social norm and has severity, repetition and continuance in numerous times and places, so that his educational performance and behaviour will be frustrated and his efficiency is reduced. Such children are always rejected by others and in school there are a lot of grievances against them. Therefore, to pay attention children common behavioural problems is one of the most important topics and it prompt detection makes its treatment possible. So this study designed to determine prevalence of behavioural problems of Khorramabad pre-school children. Materials and methods: This descriptive-cross sectional study was carried out on 600 rural and urban pre-school children selected using random one stage sampling method. Data gathering tool was a two-part questionnaire including demographic and behavioural disorders signs obtained from DSM IV. Reability and validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by the university teaching members and retest method with a correlation coefficient 98%. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (ver 11 and Ch-square test. Results: Results of the study showed that 79% of the rural, and 68% of the urban children were at least involved in one of the behavioural

  9. Present situation investigation of pre-school education teachers of fine arts education quality——Taizhou District for example%学前教育师资美术教育素质的现状调查——以泰州地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚春艳

    2015-01-01

    美术素质的培养可以帮助儿童进行系统整体的审美感知.幼儿教师的美术教育素质将直接影响幼儿身心健全的发展.通过对幼儿教师美术教育素质及学前教育专业美术教学现状进行调查分析,进而了解学前教育师资美术教育素质的现状.%The quality of the fine arts training can help children with their aesthetic perception systematically and comprehensively. Preschool teachers' quality of fine arts education will directly influence the development of children's body and mind. With the investigation and analysis on the preschool teachers' educational quality and the present situation of fine arts in preschool teaching, the current situation of teachers' quality of art teaching in pre-school education could be understood.

  10. Manifestation and coping aggressiveness in the pre-school age

    OpenAIRE

    Hrbková, Jana

    2008-01-01

    Bachelor thesis occupies with manifestation of aggressive behaviour in kindergartens and designs ways how to prevent their implications. Theoretical part is about aggressiveness as a problem of present society with accent to the pre-school and primary school age, to its manifestations, implications and presumption to its coping. Practical part contains observation of aggressiveness in the kindergarten by pre-school teachers, development is made as a question {--} form. It contains games and a...

  11. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PARENTS` ATTUTUTES FROM NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES ON PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES OF THEIR PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragan Krivokapić

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: A research has been done in pre-school institutions of Montenegro and Serb Republic whose aim was to get directions for improvement of physical education in pre-school institutions as well as for taking measures in order to educate parents of the children attending those institutions in the sense of improving knowledge on importance of physical activity for growth and development of pre-school children through monitoring and insight into attitudes of parents on physical activity of their children. Problem of this research is consisted of an attempt to use the parents` attitudes to estimate how active their children are within the time period when there are not on the pre-school institutions. Methods: The research was done by the poll method of anonymous questionnaire, with was filled by parents of the children attending pre-school institutions in Montenegro and Serb Republic. Sample of the examinees from Montenegro was made of 1356 of parents of the pre-school children attending pre-school institutions from all three Montenegrin regions. Sample of the examinees from the Serb Republic was made of 386 parents of the pre-school children attending pre-school institutions. Aim of the research was consisted of estimation of the parents` attitudes on volume and features of the physical activity of their children and of attempt to use the given data to take certain measures on the base of which their physical activities would be optimized. For this poll, a specially structured questionnaire for this purpose was used, in which the questions were set into groups with the aim of estimating features of physical activity of the pre-school children. Results: For the statistics processing methods of descriptive statistics were used, which were used for numerical and percent presentation of frequency of some answers of the examinees, and the answers were presented comparatively in tables for both samples. Results of this research indicate to trend

  12. [Psychophysiological studies in the pre-school children].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ullner, R; von Braun, G S; Ziegelmayer, G

    1976-10-14

    The behavior of 24 children, aged 3-6 years, was recorded on video-tape. Simultaneously the ECG was recorded telemetrically. These observations were made during two pre-school educational programs lasting 90 minutes each: "Didactic games" and "Elementary music and movement program". For each child a scale was developed to show the correlation of mean heart-rate and well defined motor-activity. It was evident that the mean heart-rate was higher during the music program than during the didactic program, corresponding to the higher motor-activity. But it was found that in the didactic program the variation of the heart-rate within short intervals was higher due to the more frequent occurrence of respiratory arrhythmias. It was also seen that during the music program the children showed no signs of exertion as they did towards the end of the didactic program. Respiratory arrhythmias were not seen in children who according to the Schellong-test were classified as stable in their cardiovascular system. The arrhythmias occurred mainly when the children showed signs of fatigue.

  13. Long-Run Benefits from Universal High-Quality Pre-Schooling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bauchmüller, Robert; Gørtz, Mette; Rasmussen, Astrid Würtz

    This paper investigates the role of pre-school quality for children’s cognitive development at the end of elementary schooling (age 16). We use a unique dataset based on Danish admini-strative registers where pre-school children are linked to their pre-school and its pre-school teachers. Based...

  14. Discussion on the Problem and Solution to Pre-school Bilingual Education of Minority in Xinjiang Province%关于新疆少数民族学前“双语”教育存在的问题及对策探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘上连

    2012-01-01

    Pre-sehool bilingual education plays an important role in bilingual education of minority in Xin- jiang Province. It's also important for the development for national education, national unity and national re- gional economic and cultural. Along with the promotion of bilingual education, there're problems of teaching, fund and teaching material. Pre-school bilingual education of minority in Xinjiang Province still has a long way togo.%学前双语教育是新疆双语教育的重要组成部分,学前双语教育对发展民族教育、促进民族团结、繁荣民族地区经济文化具有重要意义。随着新疆少数民族学前双语教育的逐步推进,师资、经费、教材等问题凸显,新疆少数民族学前“双语”教育发展任重道远。

  15. Cognitive functioning of educationaly deprived pre-school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biro Mikloš

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The research has included 96 Roma elementary-school pupils from the first grade, 7 years and 6 months old on average, and 78 pre-school children, (6 years and 1 month old on average, out of which number there were 37 Roma pupils and 41 non-Roma pupils. The cognitive functioning has been tested with a battery consisted of 5 tests, which was based on the (adapted Wechsler’s scales and the linguistic competence test. The results have shown a significant lagging of Roma children behind the control group and test norms. The Analyses of Covariance have pointed to a significant influence of the father’s educational background on the test score, but the difference between groups remained notable even when that variable was kept under control. However, the Item Analyses revealed a number of items that turned out to be evidently "unfair" toward Roma children, and their elimination contributed to the annulling of differences among groups in the Analyses of Covariance for a particular number of tests. The data has been interpreted by the authors as a proof of necessity and possibility to adapt tests for the needs of testing the educationally neglected children. The fact that the greatest differences have been noticed in the tests saturated with the factors of visual-motor coordination and memory has been justified by the authors with the Roma children’s lack of experience of manipulation with toys and possible attention deficit as a consequence of absence of stimulative environment.

  16. Health lifestyles of pre-school children in Nordic countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gunnarsdottir, Hrafnhildur; Povlsen, Lene; Ringsberg, Karin C

    2013-01-01

    Holistic understanding of health is one of the key principles of health promotion indicating that the health status of individuals and populations is determined by a variety of environmental, economic, social and personal factors. Traditionally, research focus has been on school-aged children...... and school-based interventions and less on pre-school children and their families' engagement in promoting health in everyday life. The aim of the present study was to explore factors that parents of pre-school children in the Nordic countries experienced as influencing health lifestyles in their children......'s everyday lives. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 parents of pre-school children in the five Nordic countries. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data. The parents identified themselves as the primary shapers of their children's lifestyles and described influencing factors...

  17. Pre-School Age Visually Impaired Children's Motives for Learning

    OpenAIRE

    Gudonis, Vytautas

    2015-01-01

    The article presents longitudinal data of the survey of 212 Šiauliai Petras Avižonis Visual Centre’s 6–7-year-old pre-school children’s motives to attend school. A brief theoretical analysis of significance of motives for learning in child’s development is displayed. Analysing research results, a positive experience on development of positive motives for school attendance in pre-school age children attending Šiauliai Petras Avižonis Visual Centre is rendered in a generalising way.

  18. WITHDRAWN: Day care for pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoritch, Bozhena; Roberts, Ian; Oakley, Ann

    2016-10-11

    The debate about how, where and by whom young children should be looked after is one which has occupied much social policy and media attention in recent years. Mothers undertake most of the care of young children. Internationally, out-of-home day-care provision ranges widely. These different levels of provision are not simply a response to different levels of demand for day-care, but reflect cultural and economic interests concerning the welfare of children, the need to promote mothers' participation in paid work, and the importance of socialising children into society's values. At a time when a decline in family values is held responsible for a range of social problems, the day-care debate has a special prominence. To quantify the effects of out-of-home day-care for preschool children on educational, health and welfare outcomes for children and their families. Randomised controlled trials of day-care for pre-school children were identified using electronic databases, hand searches of relevant literature, and contact with authors. Studies were included in the review if the intervention involved the provision of non-parental day care for children under 5 years of age, and the evaluation design was that of a randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trial. A total of eight trials were identified after examining 920 abstracts and 19 books. The trials were assessed for methodological quality. Day-care increases children's IQ, and has beneficial effects on behavioural development and school achievement. Long-term follow up demonstrates increased employment, lower teenage pregnancy rates, higher socio-economic status and decreased criminal behaviour. There are positive effects on mothers' education, employment and interaction with children. Effects on fathers have not been examined. Few studies look at a range of outcomes spanning the health, education and welfare domains. Most of the trials combined non-parental day-care with some element of parent training or education

  19. Pre-School Overweight and Obesity in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Sally; Page, Kirsty

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to provide a summary of current policy and research related to pre-school overweight and obesity, and to provide a rationale for why early years settings are being placed at the forefront of strategies to address the problem. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on a narrative review of current research, policy…

  20. Developmental Profiles of Mucosal Immunity in Pre-school Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Ewing

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the effect of attending pre-school on mucosal immunity. Children 3.5 to 5 years of age who attended pre-school were observed for a 10 month period. Demographic information was collected on previous childcare experiences, the home environment and clinical information relating to the child and the family. A daily illness log was kept for each child. A multivariate longitudinal analysis of the relation between immunoglobulins in saliva and age, gender, childcare experience, pre-school exposure, number of siblings, environmental tobacco smoke (ETS, atopy and hospitalisation was conducted. There was a positive association of higher IgA levels with the winter season and with children being older than 4 years (<.001, having attended childcare prior to commencing pre-school (<.05, and having been exposed to ETS at home (<.05. Lower IgA levels were associated with being atopic (<.05. Higher IgG levels were associated with exposure to ETS (<.001, while lower levels were associated to having atopy. Higher IgM levels were associated with previous childcare experience (<.01 whilst having been hospitalised was associated with having low salivary IgM levels (<.01. Lagged analyses demonstrated that immunological parameters were affected by the number of respiratory infections in the preceding 2 months.

  1. „Careers of young delinquents”, i.e. the phenomenon of excluding pre-school children who are at risk of social maladjustment during the early stages of education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata Michel

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents research on the process of social exclusion from the first stage of the education of children at risk of social maladjustment. The author presents strategies and tactics used by teachers of preschool education to eliminate the exclusion of children who cause educational problems. The author analyzes the data in accordance with the methodology of grounded theory in the context of game theory.

  2. EL RETO DE LA COMPETENCIA DIGITAL EN LOS FUTUROS DOCENTES DE INFANTIL, PRIMARIA Y SECUNDARIA: LOS ESTUDIANTES DE GRADO Y MÁSTER DE EDUCACIÓN ANTE LAS TIC/THE CHALLENGE OF DIGITAL SKILL IN WOULD-BE PRE-SCHOOL, PRIMARY AND SECONDARY TEACHERS: DEGREE AND MASTER EDUCATION STUDENTS' FACED WITH ICT

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Manuel Roblizo Colmenero; Ma Carmen Sánchez Pérez; Ramón Cózar Gutiérrez

    2015-01-01

    ...), aimed to study the digital skills in would-be Pre-school, Primary and Secondary school teachers, this article carries out a comparative analysis of the students' knowledge and use of some ICTs...

  3. Pedagogical and didactical rationale of phonemic stimulation process in pre-school age children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López, Yudenia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the main results of a regional research problem dealing with education in pre-school age. It examines the effectiveness of the didactic conception of the process of phonemic stimulation in children from 3 to 5 years old. The pedagogical and didactic rationale of the process, viewed from the evolutionary, ontogeny, systemic perspective is explained. Likewise, possible scaffolding is illustrated. The suggested procedures focus the provision of support on a systematic and purposely practice which involve first the discrimination of non-verbal sounds and the discrimi-nation of verbal sound later, aiming to the creation of a phonological consciousness.

  4. Constructing squares as a mathematical problem solving process in pre-school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIA ANGELA SHIAKALLI

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Could problem solving be the object of teaching in early education? Could children’s engagement in problem solving processes lead to skills and conceptual understanding development? Could appropriate teaching interventions scaffold children’s efforts? The sample consisted of 25 children attending public pre-school in Cyprus. The children were asked to construct different sized squares. Findings show that children responded positively to the problem and were successful in solving it. During the problem solving process children demonstrated development of skills and conceptual understanding. Teacher-children and children-children interactions played an important role in the positive outcome of the activity.

  5. 学前教育专业学生语文素养现状与提升策略研究--基于三元交互决定论%Research on Chinese Accomplishment Status and Promotion Strategies for Pre-school Education Specialty Students---Based on Triadic Reciprocal Determinism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘亮

    2016-01-01

    The Chinese quality of kindergarten teachers has great influence on the lifelong development of children. Chinese literacy for five-year higher vocational pre-school education major student presents the characteristics of unsubstantial knowledge or skills, emotional indifference and negative attitude. Triadic reciprocal determinism is a social learning theory that explores the effect of individual, behavior and environment. With the guidance of it, emphasizing the interaction among optimizing individual, improving environment and stimulating potential could promote the improvement of individual quality.%幼儿园教师的语文素养对幼儿的终身发展具有很大影响。高职五年制学前教育专业学生语文素养呈现出知识匮乏、技能薄弱、情感冷漠、态度消极等特点。三元交互决定论是社会学习理论,探讨个体、行为、环境的交互影响对学习效果的影响,以该理论为指导,注重在优化个体、改善环境、激发潜能等方面下功夫,通过三者交互作用,可以促进个体素养的提高。

  6. Nasal nitric oxide levels in healthy pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piacentini, G L; Bodini, A; Peroni, D G; Sandri, M; Brunelli, M; Pigozzi, R; Boner, A L

    2010-12-01

    The evaluation of nasal nitric oxide (nNO) has been proposed as a screening tool in children with clinically suspectable primary ciliary dyskinesia. Nevertheless, normal values have been reported for school-aged children. This study was designed to identify normal nNO levels in pre-school children. nNO was assessed in 300 healthy children aged between 1.5 and 7.2. Two hundred and fifty of them were unable to fulfill the guideline requirements for nNO measurement and were assessed by sampling the nasal air continuously with a constant trans-nasal aspiration flow for 30 s during tidal breathing. For those children who were able to cooperate, the average nNO concentration was calculated according to guidelines. A statistically significant relationship between nNO level and age was demonstrated in this study group of pre-school children (p < 0.001). An increase in nNO of about 100 ppb was observed in children older than 6 yr vs. those aged < 3. This study presents a description of normal nNO values in pre-school children. The effect of the age and the eventual presence of rhinitis and snoring need to be considered whenever nNO is evaluated in the clinical practice, in particular in non-cooperative children.

  7. Study and Practice of Seminar Teaching in Pre-school Teachers' Education Courses Teaching%研讨式教学在学前教师教育课程教学中的研究与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋苗境

    2016-01-01

    研讨式教学强调学生的主体性,注重学生自主、探究、协作及实践学习。结合学前教师教育课程的特点,在剖析研讨式教学内涵及基本特征的基础上,探讨学前教师教育课程研讨式教学的实施路径、教学策略以及教学评价。%Seminar teaching emphasize the subjectivity of students, students focus on independent, inquiring, cooperative and experiential learning. Combined with the characteristics of the former school teacher education curriculum, based on analysis of seminar-style teaching connotation and basic characteristics, discusses the implementation path preschool teacher education curriculum seminar-style teaching, teaching strategies, and teaching evaluation.

  8. 学前教育新理念下的幼儿园特色班级创建的研究%Research on the Creation of Characteristic Class of Kindergarten under the New Concept of Pre-school Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈瑶; 黄环

    2016-01-01

    特色班级的建设是一种新型的班级管理模式,是当前教育研究的新课题,《幼儿园教育指导纲要》强调:“关注个别差异,促进每个幼儿富有个性的发展。”以建设班级文化为核心,创建富有个性特色的班级,对于营造良好的学习环境,促进幼儿的个性全面发展具有极其重要的作用。本文在采用行动研究法与五所幼儿园合作研究的基础上,提出了幼儿园特色班级创建的价值和实施途径。%Kindergarten Characteristic Classes Creation is a kind of new mode of class management, which is the new issue of education research nowadays. As emphasized in Essentials of Education Guidance in Kindergarten, kindergarten education should pay close attention to children’s individual difference in order to promote their personality development. The creation of characteristic classes centered on the construction of class culture would play an important part in creating a good learning environment and promoting children’s personality development in an all-around way. The article puts forward the value and implementation route of kindergarten characteristic classes creation, based on the cooperative exploration with five kindergartens employing action research method.

  9. 学前自闭症儿童融合教育的个案研究%A Case Study of Inclusive Education for a Pre-school Child with Autism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀希; 张晓燕; 金光华; 胡运慈

    2014-01-01

    采用儿童孤独症及相关发育障碍心理教育评定量表对1名高功能自闭症儿童进行评估,并根据评估结果从社会性发展、问题行为矫正两个领域制定和实施干预计划。个案研究结果显示,该儿童在社会性发展和情绪与行为问题两大领域均有了较大的进步,为其接受融合教育提供了有效的帮助。%The psycho-educational assessment for autistic and developmentally disabled children is used to evaluate a child with high-functioning autism. Based on the evaluation,intervention plan is designed and performed to deal with the child's sociality and behavioral problems. The results show that,after interven-tion,the child has obvious progress in development of sociality and behavior,which benefits for his inclu-sive education.

  10. Mother′s knowledge about pre-school child′s oral health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suresh B

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Children under the age of 5 years generally spend most of their time with their parents and guardians, especially mothers, even when they attend pre-schools or nurseries. It has been found that young children′s oral health maintenance and outcomes are influenced by their parent′s knowledge and beliefs. This study was done to assess the mother′s knowledge about the oral health of their pre-school children in Moradabad, India. Mothers of children aged 1-4 years, attending the hospital for vaccination or regular checkups in the pediatric division of government hospitals, were invited to participate in the study. A 20-item questionnaire covering socio-demographic characteristics, dietary practices, oral hygiene practices and importance of deciduous teeth, was distributed to their mothers, during their visit to the hospital. Responses of the mothers were recorded on a Likert Scale. The sample comprised 406 mothers, with the mean age of children being 3.8 years. Three hundred (73.8% mothers had a good knowledge about diet and dietary practices, while only 110 (27.1% and 103 (25.4% mothers were found to have a good knowledge about the importance of oral hygiene practices and importance of deciduous teeth, respectively. Mothers with higher educational qualification and information gained through dentist had a better knowledge about child′s oral health. Oral hygiene habits and dietary habits are established during pre-school days and the parents, especially mothers, function as role models for their children.

  11. Complementary or alternative? The use of homeopathic products and antibiotics amongst pre-school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bishop Jackie

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Any intervention to reduce the inappropriate use of antibiotics for infections in children has the potential to reduce the selective pressure on antimicrobial resistance and minimise the medicalisation of self-limiting illness. Little is known about whether homeopathic products might be used by some families as an alternative to antibiotics or the characteristics of such families. We used the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC observational dataset to explore the hypothesis that the use of homeopathic products is associated with reduced antibiotic use in pre-school children and to identify characteristics of the families of pre-school children given homeopathic products. Methods Questionnaires data were completed by the parents of 9723 children while aged between 3–4.5 years in Bristol UK. Univariable and multivariable analyses were used to explore the relationships between antibiotic and homeopathic product use. Results Six percent of children had received one or more homeopathic products and 62% one or more antibiotics between the ages of 3 and 4.5 years. After adjustment for factors associated with antibiotic use, there was no association between homeopathic product and antibiotic use (adjusted OR = 1.02, 95% CI 0.84, 1.24. Factors independently associated with child homeopathic product use were: higher maternal education, maternal use of homeopathic products, maternal lack of confidence in doctors, mothers reporting that they were less likely to see doctor when the child was ill, children being given vitamins, watching less television and suffering from wheeze and food allergies. Conclusion In this observational study, the use of homeopathic products was not associated with decreased antibiotic consumption, suggesting the use of homeopathic product complements rather than competes with the use of antibiotics in pre-school children. The characteristics of mothers giving homeopathic products to their

  12. [Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in pre-school children--a comparative study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bielskai, Dorota Emilia; Gomółka, Ewa; Kurpas, Donata; Chlabicz, Slawomir

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the work was to compare the socioeconomic situation and the structure of tobacco use in the families of children attending preschools in Bialystok in 2004 and 2012 in terms of 3-year-olds' exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). The study involved 313 children out of 1,200 3-year-olds attending 51 pre-schools in Bialystok in 2004 (Gr I) and 273 children out of 1,100 attending 49 pre-schools in 2012 (Gr I). Information on environmental conditions and the use of tobacco in the families of the studied 3-year-olds was obtained through anonymous questionnaires filled in by their parents or caregivers. The exposure of children to ETS was evaluated using the questionnaire and by determining the cotinine/creatinine ratio in urine. The children from Gr I had better educated (pgrandparents. The declared number of cigarettes smoked a day by the people living with the children was similar in both Groups The Groups did not differ significantly regarding the rules of tobacco smoke applying to the family members and guests (p=0.639). The mean cotinine/ creatinine concentration [ng/mg] in the urine of children from Gr I (60.78) was significantly higher than in those from Gr II (22.75) (pyoung parents decreased, but despite education activities in the community, only 1/4 of homes with children had the "no smoking" rule.

  13. 关于学前教育专业优化数学课堂教学设计的思考%Think about pre-school education major optimization mathematics classroom teaching teaching design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭冲; 羊小华

    2013-01-01

    Because of preschool education major in math class has its own unique, should be aimed in the mathematics classroom teaching.Teachers should be characteristic of cognitive level, learning with students, optimizing the course structure, renew teaching ideas, change teaching methods, transform homework form and innovate evaluation way.%  由于学前教育专业数学课有其自身的独特性,在数学课堂教学中应具有针对性。教师应当结合专业学生的认知水平、学习特点,优化课程结构、更新教学观念,转化教学方式、改变作业形式和创新评价方式。

  14. On the Piaget Theory of Children's Self-centered on the Revelation of the Social Education of Pre-school Children%论皮亚杰的儿童自我中心理论对学前儿童社会教育的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雨姝

    2012-01-01

    Proposed by Piaget,children's "self-centered theory" has important implications for the social education of preschool children.Children's self-centered on the child development process can not distinguish between self and object,a special phenomenon of their views and the views of others.To the center of the self-improvement and development of the children to form good peer relations and the development of positive personality traits of great significance,we should correctly deal with the phenomenon of children's self-centered,using a variety of ways and means to help children early lifting of the self centers to promote children's social development,social education of pre-school children to proceed smoothly.%由皮亚杰提出的儿童"自我中心"理论对学前儿童社会教育具有重要的启示。儿童的"自我中心"指关于儿童发展过程中所出现的不能区分自我和客体,自己的观点和他人的观点的一种特殊现象。去中心化对儿童自我的完善和发展、形成良好的同伴关系和发展积极的个性品质具有重要的意义,我们应该正确对待儿童的"自我中心"现象,运用多种方法和途径帮助儿童早日解除自我中心,促进儿童社会性的发展,使学前儿童社会教育得以顺利开展。

  15. Pets, pica, pathogens and pre-school children

    OpenAIRE

    Newton, R W; Stack, Tom; Blair, R. E.; Keel, J. C.

    1981-01-01

    The incidence of pica in pre-school children was investigated by studying 192 children attending a general paediatric hospital clinic and 69 attending a general practice surgery. The incidence of pica was twice as common in those who kept pets in both study groups. Half of the pet-keeping children with pica had eaten their pet's food. Imitative behaviour is suggested as a probable cause. Pet-keeping compounds a child's risk of infestation not only by providing close contact with a reservoir o...

  16. Intervention effect comparison of lecture, parent-child education and network on family unintentional injury among pre-school children' s parents%成都市三种形式健康教育对儿童家庭意外伤害干预效果比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓燕; 刘熹; 夏劲节; 田红梅; 邱孟

    2013-01-01

    Objective To compare intervention effect of lecture, parent-child education and network on family un-intentional injury among pre-school children' s parents, and provide suggestions for reducing family unintentional injury inci-dence. Methods Stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 1747 pre-school children' s parents in 9 kindergar-tens to join the intervention. Effectiveness evaluation was carried out after 1 week. Results Lecture, parent-child educa-tion and network interventions showed different effect on knowledge and behavior changes. The awareness rates of furniture supplies safety and macrobiotic knowledge in network intervention group were 15. 37% and 34. 63% , higher than that of oth-er two groups. The rate of correct drug select in lecture group (12. 63% ) was highest. The prevalence of eating behavior in parent-child education group (33. 28% ) and network group (32. 43% ) were higher than that in lecture group (30. 62% ). The rates of correct behaviors of using scissors and eating habit in network were 34. 29% and 86. 66% , respectively. The rate of no playing in kitchen in lecture group (29. 07% ) was highest in three groups (P <0. 05). Conclusion Internet in-tervention in health education plays an important role in reducing family unintentional injury. Various methods should be car-ried out among pre-school children to help them establish safety habit,and then reduce the rate of unintentional injury in fu-ture.%目的 比较授课、亲子教育及网络干预方式对儿童家庭意外伤害的干预效果,为降低儿童家庭意外伤害发生率提供建议.方法 采用分层整群抽样方法,选取成都市9所幼儿园的幼儿家长1747名参加干预活动,在干预后1周采用问卷进行效果评价.结果 在安全知识中,家居用品安全检查最重要的五方面和抗生素治疗的病原类型,网络干预组知晓率最高,分别为15.37%和34.63%;药物的正确选择上,教师讲解组知晓率最高(12.63

  17. [Breastfeeding as a protective factor against overweight and obesity among pre-school children].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarpa, M Catalina; Cerda, L Jaime; Terrazas, M Claudia; Cano, C Carmen

    2015-01-01

    The rates of overweight and obesity among children have significantly increased in Chile. To assess the benefits of breastfeeding in preventing malnutrition by excessive intake of foods in Chilean pre-school children. A case-control study was conducted in 2011 on pediatric patients treated in a private Chilean healthcare center (San Joaquin Medical Center, Catholic University). Gender, age, weight, height, nutritional diagnosis, type of feeding during the first 6 months of life, socioeconomic status, parental education and obesity, television viewing, and kindergarten attendance were analyzed. A total of 209 patients were included in the study, 53.1% of whom were male, and 60.3% were predominantly breastfed for the first 6 months of life. More than half (51.7%) were eutrophic, 29.7% were overweight, and 18.6% obese. The patients were between the ages of 2 and 3 years 11 months. The crude Odds Ratio of breast-feeding versus formula during the first 6 months of life in patients with normal weight versus overweight children was 0.442 (95% CI 0.204-0.961). It was found that predominantly breastfeeding during the first 6 months of life acted as a protective factor against malnutrition by excessive intake of foods in Chilean pre-school children treated in this private medical center. Copyright © 2015. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U.

  18. Inclusion and Exclusion in Pre-school Institutions in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Næsby, Torben

    2014-01-01

    The paper will present the results of an investigation in the pre-schools, participating in the Danish LP-model (Nordahl et al), on which initiatives the pedagogies in these so-called LP-institutions take, in order to develop new practice. Building on earlier research in quality, inclusion...... is outlined as a high-quality criterion. Inclusion and exclusion is defined from the perspective of sociology and systems theory and the survey is based on a model for inclusion (Qvortrup) which is operationalized in the questionnaire. Based on theory of distinction and through a form analysis I will present...... the traditional understandings of how research knowledge can inform practice. Thus it becomes a question of the relationship between theory and practice as well. Furthermore, this leads to the assumption that the Danish inclusion-experiment is not likely to succeed, unless we find new ways to understand how...

  19. Factor Pattern Comparisons of EPPS Scales of High School, College, and Innovative College Program Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, Paul W.; Ahern, Elsie H.

    1973-01-01

    EPPS scores from 167 high school seniors (Study 1, S1), 137 introductory psychology students (S2), and students from an innovative college program (S3) were compared using analysis of variance, image analysis, and factor pattern comparison. (Editor)

  20. Evaluation in pre-school: an analysis based on a teacher's reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Medeiros Nogueira

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a study that aimed to nderstand how a teacher from a municipal pre-school school in Rio Grande (RS saw evaluation in this phase of basic education. The research was carried out through document analysis whose corpus comprised “Evaluation Reports” written in 2014. The data analysis was supported by the studies of Barbosa (2006; 2008; Hoffmann (2003, 2011, 2014, Bondioli (2004, Guimarães and Oliveira (2014. The results indicated an evaluation perspective focused on the teachers’ work rather than on the children, highlighting proposals and results, without emphasizing the trajectory. All the reports analyzed presented systematically the same structure and text organization, regardless of the children being evaluated. The conclusion, therefore, was that the particularities of each child were neglected in the reports, since all of them could be described by using the same sentence.

  1. The use of first language scaffolding to teach English as a foreign language to pre-school children during dramatic play in West Sumatera, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mulia Dewi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Indonesian community generally perceives that English language teaching should require phonology, vocabulary, grammar, discourse, and pragmatics. As a result, this often demands that pre-school teachers use English all the time. Code switching between English, Indonesian, and Minang – the local language of the region – is perceived negatively, and teachers are often criticized for using a multilingual approach that is “part snake and part eel” [sakarek ula sakarek baluik]. This refers to a negative perception of mixing languages in educational settings. In fact, code switching between Minang (first language, Indonesian (second language, and English (foreign language is the norm of language use in this part of Indonesia. However, in this community, there is a lack of respect for pre-school teachers' professionalism as well as scepticism towards the effectiveness of a multilingual teaching approach, which is used widely at the pre-school level. Vygotsky [14], the Russian psychologist, presents a different perspective on this phenomenon, noting that children learn languages by playing. Their first language can be the main tool to help them understand new words and utterances in context. By using code switching, teachers help pre-school children to link their prior knowledge and experience to the new forms of expression that enable them to derive the meaning of new words from the social context of language use. For this reason, scaffolding techniques should be used by pre-school teachers, particularly in ways which support children's cognitive development in constructing new meanings based on their first language experience. This paper, based on a research study-in-progress at Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia, explores patterns of interaction between pre-school teachers and their students as teachers scaffold the development of EFL through dramatic play in West Sumatera, Indonesia. This interaction is systemic in nature and

  2. K psychologii láskyplného vztahu: pedagogické inspirace se zaměřením na předškolní výchovu / On the psychology of an affectionate relationship: theoretical inspirations for pre-school education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zdeněk Helus

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper focusses on the personal approach to a child in the pre-school phase of their life, which constitutes a complex of interconnected developmental influences and culminates when the child enters kindergarten. The personal approach includes (a regard to important characteristics of pre-school children (to its dependence, openness to experience, potential and developmental prognosis and (b regard to critical incidents in its previous development (primary relationships and attachment, separation-individuation tendency, the onset of assertive self, integration into kindergarten. An affectionate relationship is a precondition for child’s development to progress naturally, in an uninhibited or deformed manner. An affectionate relationship of a kindergarten teacher has specific characteristics and finds realisation in her creative reflection on the child as a personality in forming.

  3. Effects of health education on improvement of eating behavior among pre-school children in Shenzheng City%深圳市学龄前儿童饮食行为问题的健康教育效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏欣; 王春丽; 吴维超; 王涛; 庄小宣

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluation of the effect of health education to improve diet behaviors among preschool children and their parents’cognitive attitudes towards diet behaviors.Methods Using a stratified cluster sampling method, the parents were investigated by questionnaire to find the children with diet behaviors problems.Six-months of health educa-tion for the children and their parents were carried out.After intervention,the parents were investigated by questionnaire a-gain,the changes with the diet behaviors of preschool children and their parents’cognitive attitudes were analyzed.Results Through health education,the diet behaviors of preschool children were improved.After the intervention,the proportions of picky eaters,eating slowly,snacking before meals,playing while eating,no-fixed eating place,refusing to try new foods and no swallowing eating were decreased from 67.2%,24.0%,13.6%,26.8%,13.2%,28.4% and 19.6% to 48.3%,17.0%,6.0%,17.7%,4.7%,21.5% and 13.6%,the difference had statistically significance.Improved the nutritional knowledge of parents,and changed their cognitive attitudes,the difference had statistically signification.Conclusion Carrying out the health education for the children and their parents can improved diet behaviors in pre-school children,the diet-related health education should be strengthened in more ways to cultivate children’s good diet behaviors.%目的:评价健康教育对改善学龄前儿童饮食行为和家长对饮食行为认知态度的效果。方法采用分层整群抽样的方法,对学龄前儿童家长进行问卷调查,找出存在饮食行为问题儿童,对其及其家长进行6个月的健康教育,再次问卷调查,分析干预前后儿童饮食行为和家长认知态度的改变。结果共317人,其中男童176人,女童141人通过健康教育,学龄前儿童饮食行为问题得到改善,干预前的挑食(67.2%)、吃饭慢(24.0%)、饭前吃零食(13.6

  4. Conceptions of Finnish and Estonian Pre-School Teachers' Goals in Their Pedagogical Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niikko, Anneli; Ugaste, Aino

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to describe the conceptions of the Finnish and Estonian pre-school teachers' goals, and the achievement of these goals in their pedagogical work. The study consisted of 60 (30 from each country) interviews with pre-school teachers. The interview data was analyzed phenomenographically. The findings showed that children…

  5. Sustained Attention during Learning Activities: An Observational Study with Pre-School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Florente; Menez, Marina; Hernandez-Guzman, Laura

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to analyse possible developmental trends in sustained attention through the pre-school period, as well as the influence of social and physical distractions. Three samples of children, one per each pre-school grade, were observed during learning activities required by the teacher. Children's behaviour was coded…

  6. The value of (pre)school playgrounds for children's physical activity level: A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broekhuizen, K.; Scholten, A.M.; Vries, S.I. de

    2014-01-01

    The (pre)school environment is an important setting to improve children's health. Especially, the (pre)school playground provides a major opportunity to intervene. This review presents an overview of the existing evidence on the value of both school and preschool playgrounds on children's health in

  7. The Inhibition of Inflammasome by Brazilian Propolis (EPP-AF)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hori, Juliana I.; Zamboni, Dario S.; Carrão, Daniel B.; Goldman, Gustavo Henrique; Berretta, Andresa A.

    2013-01-01

    Propolis extracts have gained the attention of consumers and researchers due to their unique chemical compositions and functional properties such as its anti-inflammatory activity. Recently, it was described a complex that is also important in inflammatory processes, named inflammasome. The inflammasomes are a large molecular platform formed in the cell cytosol in response to stress signals, toxins, and microbial infections. Once activated, the inflammasome induces caspase-1, which in turn induces the processing of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β and IL-18. So, to understand inflammasomes regulation becomes crucial to treat several disorders including autoinflammatory diseases. Since green propolis extracts are able to regulate inflammatory pathways, this work purpose was to investigate if this extract could also act on inflammasomes regulation. First, the extract was characterized and it demonstrated the presence of important compounds, especially Artepillin C. This extract was effective in reducing the IL-1β secretion in mouse macrophages and this reduction was correlated with a decrease in activation of the protease caspase-1. Furthermore, we found that the extract at a concentration of 30 μg/mL was not toxic to the cells even after a 18-hour treatment. Altogether, these data indicate that Brazilian green propolis (EPP-AF) extract has a role in regulating the inflammasomes. PMID:23690844

  8. EPPS16: nuclear parton distributions with LHC data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eskola, Kari J. [University of Jyvaskyla, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35, University of Jyvaskyla (Finland); Helsinki Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 64, University of Helsinki (Finland); Paakkinen, Petja [University of Jyvaskyla, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35, University of Jyvaskyla (Finland); Paukkunen, Hannu [University of Jyvaskyla, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35, University of Jyvaskyla (Finland); Helsinki Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 64, University of Helsinki (Finland); Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE), Galicia (Spain); Salgado, Carlos A. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE), Galicia (Spain)

    2017-03-15

    We introduce a global analysis of collinearly factorized nuclear parton distribution functions (PDFs) including, for the first time, data constraints from LHC proton-lead collisions. In comparison to our previous analysis, EPS09, where data only from charged-lepton-nucleus deep inelastic scattering (DIS), Drell-Yan (DY) dilepton production in proton-nucleus collisions and inclusive pion production in deuteron-nucleus collisions were the input, we now increase the variety of data constraints to cover also neutrino-nucleus DIS and low-mass DY production in pion-nucleus collisions. The new LHC data significantly extend the kinematic reach of the data constraints. We now allow much more freedom for the flavor dependence of nuclear effects than in other currently available analyses. As a result, especially the uncertainty estimates are more objective flavor by flavor. The neutrino DIS plays a pivotal role in obtaining a mutually consistent behavior for both up and down valence quarks, and the LHC dijet data clearly constrain gluons at large momentum fraction. Mainly for insufficient statistics, the pion-nucleus DY and heavy-gauge-boson production in proton-lead collisions impose less visible constraints. The outcome - a new set of next-to-leading order nuclear PDFs called EPPS16 - is made available for applications in high-energy nuclear collisions. (orig.)

  9. FY17 Status Report on the Initial EPP Finite Element Analysis of Grade 91 Steel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Messner, M. C. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Sham, T. -L. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)

    2017-07-01

    This report describes a modification to the elastic-perfectly plastic (EPP) strain limits design method to account for cyclic softening in Gr. 91 steel. The report demonstrates that the unmodified EPP strain limits method described in current ASME code case is not conservative for materials with substantial cyclic softening behavior like Gr. 91 steel. However, the EPP strain limits method can be modified to be conservative for softening materials by using softened isochronous stress-strain curves in place of the standard curves developed from unsoftened creep experiments. The report provides softened curves derived from inelastic material simulations and factors describing the transformation of unsoftened curves to a softened state. Furthermore, the report outlines a method for deriving these factors directly from creep/fatigue tests. If the material softening saturates the proposed EPP strain limits method can be further simplified, providing a methodology based on temperature-dependent softening factors that could be implemented in an ASME code case allowing the use of the EPP strain limits method with Gr. 91. Finally, the report demonstrates the conservatism of the modified method when applied to inelastic simulation results and two bar experiments.

  10. REDUCED EFFICIENCY AS A FACTOR MANIFESTING THE EMOTIONAL BURNOUT OF TEACHERS OF PRE-SCHOOL INSTITUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhanna Viktorovna Vodenitskaya

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article highlights the working efficiency of teachers of pre-school educational institutions. Professional work of teachers is one of the most psychologically intense social activities. Lack of uniform requirements from the administration, complex relationships between colleagues, external restraint of emotions lead to increased emotional stress, which adversely affects the health. The traces of stressful experiences of teachers manifest themselves in teachers’ negative attitude to work, constant fatigue, distraction, reduced work efficiency, and dissatisfaction with professional activity. The article describes the reduced efficiency (fatigue, monotony, mental satiation, stress as a factor manifesting the emotional burnout of teachers of kindergartens and analyzes the causes of the syndrome of "emotional burnout". The article presents the results of the empirical research of decreased performance of teachers of preschool educational institutions in the conditions of implementing the Federal state educational standards, which allow not only to reveal the interdependence of the factors of burnout symptoms of kindergarten teachers, but also to provide them timely with psychological support, knowledge of the laws of preservation and strengthening of mental health in pedagogical work, and the ability to manage their own negative emotions.

  11. Influence of environmental factors on intellectual efficiency of pre-school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Veljko

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The basic goal of this research was to study the influence of environmental factors on intellectual efficiency of pre-school children. Research participants were 149 children (52 Roma, 48 non-Roma children of average socioeconomic status and 49 children of low socioeconomic status, of the average age of 81 months. Data were collected during maturity evaluation for school in primary schools in Sabac and Sremska Mitrovica. Children's intellectual abilities were assessed by the School Maturity Test, and the data on socioeconomic status and educational climate were obtained from parents, by administering the Questionnaire for collecting data about the child and the family and Interview with the parent. Results of covariance analysis indicated that the quality of stimulation, parental ambitions and financial status of the family have the biggest effect on intellectual achievement of children. Poorer cognitive efficiency is demonstrated by children who grow up in poverty and non-stimulative environment, and whose parents have low ambitions regarding their child's education. When these variables are controlled, there are no differences between groups in either of cognitive functions. The abilities of visual and motor coordination and attention proved out to be the most sensitive to the influences of environmental factors. The results indicate that environmental factors have a pervasive effect, since, besides the influence on manipulative abilities, they also determine achievement on tests used to estimate verbal abilities.

  12. prevalence of acute malnutrition in pre-school children in a rural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-01-01

    Jan 1, 2014 ... Subjects: Pre-school children attending kindergartens in Karma Albald village (n = 163). Results: Using the ... All of the risk factors associated with malnutrition that were studied .... determinant of wellbeing. The aim was to ...

  13. GameBlocks: an entry point to ICT for pre-school children

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Smith, Andrew C

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The authors propose a system designed for pre-school children that offers an alternative introduction to the world of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), specifically computer programming. Illiterate children can construct simple...

  14. Assessing Exporting Culture in Colombian SMEs: A Look at the ExportPromotion Program (EPP)

    OpenAIRE

    Sierra González, Jaime Humberto

    2009-01-01

    This paper makes an assessment of the Colombian Export Promotion Program. The process and the results of such a program are considered in the light of the literature on international strategy and exporting culture in developed and developing countries. Literature findings on EPAs and EPPs around the world are complemented by information from two surveys, one applied to a set of 56 firms that took part in the EPP (2002-2004) and the other addressed at a group of consultants hired by program op...

  15. An action research inquiry into a health visitor parenting programme for parents of pre-school children with behaviour problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilgour, C; Fleming, V

    2000-09-01

    An action research inquiry into a health visitor parenting programme for parents of pre-school children with behaviour problems Parent education programmes have recently been given a high profile in this country, such provision deemed necessary because of the commonality of children's behaviour problems and because of their potentially far-reaching effects on the child, the family and society. This action research study, undertaken in Scotland, aims to explore a health visitor parenting programme for parents of pre-school children with behaviour problems. Within this study, children with behaviour problems were identified as those whose parents perceived them to have such problems, the children eliciting a wide range of behaviours and to varying degrees. Critical social science is the chosen methodology, since it allows exploration of how people comprehend their social reality. Group interactions were recorded on audio-tape and themes associated with the methodology of enlightenment, empowerment and emancipation were identified. The results of the study demonstrate how a liberating, collaborative approach to parental education can empower mothers, by increasing understanding and raising self-esteem.

  16. Pre-school Teachers’ Perceived Control and Behaviour Problems in Children

    OpenAIRE

    Hammarberg, Annie

    2003-01-01

    In this thesis, pre-school teachers’ perceived control, is examined in relation to problem behaviours of children and the actions of teachers in the classroom. In addition, other factors that are thought to relate to teachers’ perceived control were studied. The results of Study I indicate that pre-school teachers’ high perceived control was related to high intentions to act in the event of child behaviour problems. Teachers’ high satisfaction with their work was also related to high perceive...

  17. Child’s creativity in transition from pre-school to school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kopas-Vukašinović Emina

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This longitudinal research started from the conclusion reached by different authors. According to them the time when a child leaves a pre-school institution to start primary school is marked by stagnation of and decrease in child’s creativity, seen as a personality potential. The aim of the research was to establish creativity levels shown by children in both pre-school institution and primary school, and then to conclude if difference between pre-school and school teachers` attitudes influence the development of a child’s creativity. Data was collected from a judgment scale given to pre-school and school teachers and arts creativity task given to children. It was concluded that the level of children’s creativity started to drop after they started primary school. Different understanding of the idea of creativity between pre-school and primary school teachers could be a possible reason leading to the phenomenon of decreasing creative expression in children starting primary school. On the basis of previous theoretical assumptions and the research results it is possible to define measures to be taken in view of teacher training, both at pre-school and primary school level. It is also important to check the validity of suggested measures in future research.

  18. Antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of quercetin on human pancreatic carcinoma cell lines EPP85-181P and EPP85-181RDB.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malgorzata Dumanska

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Polyphenols are present in several edible plants and for many years induce high interest mainly due to their antioxidative and anti-inflammatory influence. At present, numerous studies are conducted on antineoplastic effects of the compounds. One of most effective biopolyphenols involves the flavonol quercetin. Our studies aimed at evaluation of antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of quercetin alone and in combinations with daunorubicin on cells of human pancreatic carcinoma lines. The experiments were conducted on two cell lines, sensitive to daunorubicin EPP85-181P line, and its resistant variant EPP85-181RDB. Effect of studied substances on cell proliferation was detected using sulphorhodamine B (SRB protein staining method. Apoptotic damage was estimated using comet and TUNEL techniques. Our data demonstrated that quercetin exerted cytotoxic action on cells of the both neoplastic cell lines in concentration-dependent manner. In the case of EPP85-181RDB cell line, quercetin seemed to sensitize resistant cells to daunorubicin. In parallel, the effect of both substances on the sensitive cell line was synergistic. Results of the studies confirmed that quercetin may probably break resistance of neoplastic cells to chemotherapy. On the other side, studied flavonol augmented action of cytostatic drug in case of sensitive tumour cells what suggest, that it might allow to decrease dosage of cytostatic drugs and reduce negative side effects of the treatment.

  19. Tegijad meenutavad "52 üllatust ja ideed" / Annika Maior, Ats Parve, Epp Kubu ...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Kultuuripealinna ootussarjas osalenud räägivad, kuidas idee teostamine kulges. Projektidest "Fantaasiaaed" (Annika Maior), "Camera obscura" (Ats Parve), "Tallinna bussijaam heliseb" (Epp, Kubu, Tõnis Hiiesalu), "Tänavamiimid" (Mihkel Ernits, Kaarel Väli), "Kunstijärjekord" (Flo Kasearu, Aet Ader, Grete Soosalu, Andra Aaloe)

  20. Kuidas möödus vaheaeg? / Sulev Valdmaa, Alli Lunter, Epp-Mare Kukemelk ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Kuusalu keskkooli õpetaja-metoodik Sulev Valdmaa, Viljandi maagümnaasiumi eesti keele õpetaja Alli Lunter, Tallinna 37. keskkooli ja Tallinna Lilleküla gümnaasiumi meediaõpetaja Epp-Mare Kukemelk, haridus- ja teadusministeeriumi kommunikatsioonibüroo konsultant Rein Joamets ja Unipiha algkooli õpetaja Lembit Jakobson

  1. Childhood overweight and obesity among Kenyan pre-school children: association with maternal and early child nutritional factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gewa, Constance A

    2010-04-01

    To report on the prevalence of overweight and obesity among pre-school children in Kenya and examine the associations between childhood overweight and selected maternal and child-related factors. Demographic Health Survey data, multistage stratified cluster sampling methodology. Rural and urban areas of Kenya. A total of 1495 children between the ages of 3 and 5 years in Kenya. Over 30 % of the children were stunted, approximately 16 % were underweight, 4 % were wasted, approximately 18 % were overweight and 4 % were obese; 8 % were both overweight/obese and stunted. Maternal overweight and obesity, higher levels of maternal education, being a large or very large child at birth, and being stunted were each associated with higher odds of overweight and obesity among Kenyan children. Older children and large household size were each associated with lower odds of overweight and obesity among Kenyan children. The analysis demonstrates the presence of under- and overnutrition among Kenyan pre-school children and the importance of focusing on expanding efforts to prevent and treat malnutrition within this population. It also identifies some of the modifiable factors that can be targeted in these efforts.

  2. Is Continuing Training Useful for Pre-School Teachers? Effects of Training on Pre-School Teachers and Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pineda-Herrero, Pilar; Belvis, Esher; Moreno, M. Victoria; Ucar, Xavier

    2010-01-01

    Continuing training is important for all professionals, and is especially essential for professionals in education. In this article, we present a study that evaluates the state of continuing training in early childhood education in Spain. The research identifies the impact of training for teachers, for children and for educational centers. Results…

  3. Healthy incentive scheme in the Irish full-day-care pre-school setting.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Molloy, C Johnston

    2013-12-16

    A pre-school offering a full-day-care service provides for children aged 0-5 years for more than 4 h\\/d. Researchers have called for studies that will provide an understanding of nutrition and physical activity practices in this setting. Obesity prevention in pre-schools, through the development of healthy associations with food and health-related practices, has been advocated. While guidelines for the promotion of best nutrition and health-related practice in the early years\\' setting exist in a number of jurisdictions, associated regulations have been noted to be poor, with the environment of the child-care facility mainly evaluated for safety. Much cross-sectional research outlines poor nutrition and physical activity practice in this setting. However, there are few published environmental and policy-level interventions targeting the child-care provider with, to our knowledge, no evidence of such interventions in Ireland. The aim of the present paper is to review international guidelines and recommendations relating to health promotion best practice in the pre-school setting: service and resource provision; food service and food availability; and the role and involvement of parents in pre-schools. Intervention programmes and assessment tools available to measure such practice are outlined; and insight is provided into an intervention scheme, formulated from available best practice, that was introduced into the Irish full-day-care pre-school setting.

  4. Lessons from implementing mass drug administration for soil transmitted helminths among pre-school aged children during school based deworming program at the Kenyan coast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musuva, Rosemary M; Matey, Elizabeth; Masaku, Janet; Odhiambo, Gladys; Mwende, Faith; Thuita, Isaac; Kihara, Jimmy; Njomo, Doris

    2017-06-14

    The 2012 London declaration which committed to "sustaining, expanding and extending drug access programmes to ensure the necessary supply of drugs and other interventions to help control soil-transmitted helminths (STH) by 2020" has seen many countries in Africa roll out mass drug administration (MDA) especially among school age children. In Kenya, however, during the National school-based deworming exercise, pre-school aged children (PSAC) have to access treatment at primary schools as the pre-school teachers are not trained to carry out deworming. With studies being conducted on the effectiveness of MDAs, the experiences of key education stakeholders which could improve the programme by giving best practices, and challenges experienced have not been documented. This was a cross-sectional qualitative study using Focus group discussions (FGDs) and Key informant interviews (KIIs). It was conducted in 4 sub-counties with high STH prevalence at the Kenyan coast (Matuga, Malindi, Lunga Lunga and Msambweni) to understand best practices for implementing MDA among PSAC.FGDs categorized by gender were conducted among local community members, whereas KIIs involved pre-school teachers, primary school teachers, community health extension workers (CHEWs) and opinion leaders. Participants were purposefully selected with the saturation model determining the number of interviews and focus groups. Voice data collected was transcribed verbatim then coded and analyzed using ATLAS.Ti version 6. Majority of the primary school teachers and CHEWs reported that they were satisfied with the method of mobilization used and the training tools. This was however not echoed by the pre-school teachers, parents and chiefs who complained of being left out of the process. Best practices mentioned included timely drug delivery, support from pre-school teachers, and management of side effects. Overcrowding during the drug administration day, complexity of the forms (for instance the 'S form') and

  5. Who gets help for pre-school communication problems? Data from a prospective community study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skeat, J; Wake, M; Ukoumunne, O C; Eadie, P; Bretherton, L; Reilly, S

    2014-03-01

    Pre-school communication problems are common, with implications for school readiness and educational achievement. Help is available from a variety of community healthcare providers. This study examined the extent to which help is received, and the predictors of service receipt. Prospective community study, in Melbourne, Victoria. At age 4 years, we assessed the speech, receptive and expressive language and fluency of 1607 children and gave feedback to their parents. At age 5 years, 983 families provided data on service use for communication problems between and 4 and 5 years. We compared service use between participants with and without impairment, and used logistic regression to estimate the strength of association between potential predictors (gender, socio-economic status, maternal education, English-speaking background status, family history of speech and language problems and parent concern) and service use (binary outcome). Data were available for both communication status and service use for 753 children. Only 44.9% of the 196 children with communication impairment received help from a professional. Furthermore, 7% of the 557 that did not meet criteria for communication impairment nevertheless received help from a professional. Parent concern was the strongest predictor of service use (adjusted odds ratio = 9.0; 95% CI: 5.6-14.8). Both over- and under-servicing for communication problems were evident. This study shows that accessing help for communication problems requires more than simply informing parents about the problem and having services available; there is a need for systematic support to get the right children to services. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Pre-Schoolers, Pre-School Teachers, and Interpersonal Problem-Solving Skills: A Comparative Study in Turkey and Belgium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin, Derya

    2011-01-01

    Interpersonal cognitive problem solving, one of the most crucial social skills, is a life-long competency that must be supported from the early years of life. In this study, the opinions of 55 Turkish pre-school teachers and 53 Flemish pre-school teachers who work with 3-6-year-old children in private and public pre-schools in metropolitan cities…

  7. Analysis of cause-effect relationship of hip dysplasia in pre-school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Rudenko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to analyze and scientifically substantiate peculiarities of cause-effect relationship of hip dysplasia in pre-school children. Material and Methods: analysis and systematization of scientific and methodological literature, medical histories, anamneses, interviews and questionings. Results: it is specified that failure to timely identify and eliminate the symptoms of hip dysplasia in pre-school children leads to negative consequences, namely limited amplitude of hip joint movements; lower limp muscle weakness; valgus and varus deformations of lower limp; increasing of L-lordosis; skewness of hip bones; scoliosis; claudication. Conclusions: the modern state of the problem of hip dysplasia in pre-school children is analyzed. The cause-effect relationship is defined, their mutual transition is projected. All cause-effect relationships are in direct proportion and in constant interaction: the cause the forms effect and the effect influences the cause

  8. Educational sistem in developing countries

    OpenAIRE

    Denkova, Jadranka

    2006-01-01

    Abstract: Educational sistem in Republic of Macedonia consist of: Pre-school education, primary education, secondary education, high education, master studies, Phd, education of adults and Education for children with specific needs. Pre-school education comprises several types of institutions. In elementary education, with the Law on Amending and Appending the Law on Primary education strating from the school year 2005/2006, it has been prescribed that the year of education before attending t...

  9. Home teaching for pre-school handicapped children - a cognitive approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skidmore, R

    1982-01-01

    A case study was carried out to investigate and evaluate a home-teaching scheme, with a cognitive bias, for parents of pre-school handicapped children. The scheme linked teaching at the pre-school assessment unit with teaching by the parents in the home. A speech therapist, acting as home-teacher, demonstrated activities to the parents of a Down's syndrome child during weekly visits. The follow-up assessment areas of development. As a result of this study the scheme is to be extended and finance sought.

  10. Prevention of communication disorders--screening pre-school and school-age children for problems with hearing, vision and speech: European Consensus Statement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skarżyński, Henryk; Piotrowska, Anna

    2012-04-01

    Communication is an integral part of human behaviour. Communication disorders are associated mainly with impairment in hearing, vision, and/or speech, which influences the ability to receive, comprehend, produce, and express verbal, nonverbal, and graphic information. When unrecognized and unmanaged, these very often "invisible" conditions can have a significant detrimental effect on a child's development, affecting educational, social, and psychological progress. A panel of experts discussed the screening of pre-school and school-age children for problems with hearing, vision, and speech during the 10th Congress of the European Federation of Audiology Societies (EFAS), held in Warsaw, Poland, on 22 June, 2011. The European Consensus Statement on Hearing, Vision, and Speech Screening in Pre-School and School-Age Children was the result of the scientific discussions. It was endorsed by experts in audiology, otolaryngology, phoniatry, ophthalmology, and speech language pathology from throughout Europe. Key elements of the consensus, as described herein, are: 1) defining the role of screening programmes in the identification and treatment of communication disorders; 2) identifying the target population; 3) promoting general awareness about the consequences of communication disorders; 4) recognizing the need for a quality control system in screening programmes; 5) encouraging cooperation among European countries to provide a high level of public health services for the prevention, identification, and treatment of communication disorders. The European Consensus Statement on Hearing, Vision, and Speech Screening in Pre-School and School-Age Children will encourage the appropriate authorities of the various countries involved to initiate screening for communication disorders in pre-school and school-age children.

  11. Identification of the Sfp-Type PPTase EppA from the Lichenized Fungus Evernia prunastri.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schimming, Olivia; Schmitt, Imke; Bode, Helge B

    2016-01-01

    In the last decades, natural products from lichens have gained more interest for pharmaceutical application due to the broad range of their biological activity. However, isolation of the compounds of interest directly from the lichen is neither feasible nor sustainable due to slow growth of many lichens. In order to develop a pipeline for heterologous expression of lichen biosynthesis gene clusters and thus the sustainable production of their bioactive compounds we have identified and characterized the phosphopantheteinyl transferase (PPTase) EppA from the lichen Evernia prunastri. The Sfp-type PPTase EppA was functionally characterized through heterologous expression in E. coli using the production of the blue pigment indigoidine as readout and by complementation of a lys5 deletion in S. cerevisiae.

  12. Identification of the Sfp-Type PPTase EppA from the Lichenized Fungus Evernia prunastri.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivia Schimming

    Full Text Available In the last decades, natural products from lichens have gained more interest for pharmaceutical application due to the broad range of their biological activity. However, isolation of the compounds of interest directly from the lichen is neither feasible nor sustainable due to slow growth of many lichens. In order to develop a pipeline for heterologous expression of lichen biosynthesis gene clusters and thus the sustainable production of their bioactive compounds we have identified and characterized the phosphopantheteinyl transferase (PPTase EppA from the lichen Evernia prunastri. The Sfp-type PPTase EppA was functionally characterized through heterologous expression in E. coli using the production of the blue pigment indigoidine as readout and by complementation of a lys5 deletion in S. cerevisiae.

  13. Pre-school manager training: a cost-effective tool to promote nutrition- and health-related practice improvements in the Irish full-day-care pre-school setting.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Johnston Molloy, Charlotte

    2013-10-18

    To evaluate the impact on nutrition- and health-related practice of two methods of delivery of a nutrition and health intervention in Irish full-day-care pre-schools: training of pre-school managers only or training of managers and their staff.

  14. QUESTIONING FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING IN ISLAMIC PRE-SCHOOL

    OpenAIRE

    Rohmani Nur Indah

    2011-01-01

    This paper questions the urgency of foreign language learning at early age by covering some arguments on the acquisition and bilingualism. Nowadays in Indonesia, under the interest of education, bilingual learning is undertaken by adopting the theory of bilingual acquisition referring to Chomsky’s ideas. In fact, the foreign language learning is not always in line with the principle of language acquisition especially for the early age children. The globalization era requires foreign language ...

  15. FY16 Status Report on Development of Integrated EPP and SMT Design Methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jetter, R. I. [R.I. Jetter Consulting, Pebble Beach, CA (United States); Sham, T. -L. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Wang, Y. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2016-08-01

    The goal of the Elastic-Perfectly Plastic (EPP) combined integrated creep-fatigue damage evaluation approach is to incorporate a Simplified Model Test (SMT) data based approach for creep-fatigue damage evaluation into the EPP methodology to avoid the separate evaluation of creep and fatigue damage and eliminate the requirement for stress classification in current methods; thus greatly simplifying evaluation of elevated temperature cyclic service. The EPP methodology is based on the idea that creep damage and strain accumulation can be bounded by a properly chosen “pseudo” yield strength used in an elastic-perfectly plastic analysis, thus avoiding the need for stress classification. The original SMT approach is based on the use of elastic analysis. The experimental data, cycles to failure, is correlated using the elastically calculated strain range in the test specimen and the corresponding component strain is also calculated elastically. The advantage of this approach is that it is no longer necessary to use the damage interaction, or D-diagram, because the damage due to the combined effects of creep and fatigue are accounted in the test data by means of a specimen that is designed to replicate or bound the stress and strain redistribution that occurs in actual components when loaded in the creep regime. The reference approach to combining the two methodologies and the corresponding uncertainties and validation plans are presented. Results from recent key feature tests are discussed to illustrate the applicability of the EPP methodology and the behavior of materials at elevated temperature when undergoing stress and strain redistribution due to plasticity and creep.

  16. Comprehensive Report For Proposed Elevated Temperature Elastic Perfectly Plastic (EPP) Code Cases Representative Example Problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hollinger, Greg L. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Background: The current rules in the nuclear section of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel (B&PV) Code , Section III, Subsection NH for the evaluation of strain limits and creep-fatigue damage using simplified methods based on elastic analysis have been deemed inappropriate for Alloy 617 at temperatures above 1200F (650C)1. To address this issue, proposed code rules have been developed which are based on the use of elastic-perfectly plastic (E-PP) analysis methods and which are expected to be applicable to very high temperatures. The proposed rules for strain limits and creep-fatigue evaluation were initially documented in the technical literature 2, 3, and have been recently revised to incorporate comments and simplify their application. The revised code cases have been developed. Task Objectives: The goal of the Sample Problem task is to exercise these code cases through example problems to demonstrate their feasibility and, also, to identify potential corrections and improvements should problems be encountered. This will provide input to the development of technical background documents for consideration by the applicable B&PV committees considering these code cases for approval. This task has been performed by Hollinger and Pease of Becht Engineering Co., Inc., Nuclear Services Division and a report detailing the results of the E-PP analyses conducted on example problems per the procedures of the E-PP strain limits and creep-fatigue draft code cases is enclosed as Enclosure 1. Conclusions: The feasibility of the application of the E-PP code cases has been demonstrated through example problems that consist of realistic geometry (a nozzle attached to a semi-hemispheric shell with a circumferential weld) and load (pressure; pipe reaction load applied at the end of the nozzle, including axial and shear forces, bending and torsional moments; through-wall transient temperature gradient) and design and operating conditions (Levels A, B and C).

  17. QUESTIONING FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING IN ISLAMIC PRE-SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohmani Nur Indah

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper questions the urgency of foreign language learning at early age by covering some arguments on the acquisition and bilingualism. Nowadays in Indonesia, under the interest of education, bilingual learning is undertaken by adopting the theory of bilingual acquisition referring to Chomsky’s ideas. In fact, the foreign language learning is not always in line with the principle of language acquisition especially for the early age children. The globalization era requires foreign language mastery so that for many institutions of children education have got the bilingual learning. As the example, some of Islamic educational institutions at the level of playgroup have applied the instruction in English and teaching Arabic words, by considering that the earlier foreign language learning is the better, and the fact that the golden age of brain development occurs at the first five years. This needs to be analyzed further, because there is also important task to have mother tongue language acquisition. For the community of multilingual such as in Indonesia, the acquisition of many languages is unavoidable. Therefore, parents are faced with two choices: To prior the mother tongue and bahasa Indonesia as second language or encourage the bilingual learning of Arabic and English.

  18. On the Professional Ability and Training Methods for the Pre-school English Teachers%论学前英语教师职业能力及培养途径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭晋祁

    2014-01-01

    The theory of"the critical period of Language"enables English learning craze to be"younger age",which presents an irreversible trend for pre-school English education.Pre -school English teacher refers to those who engage with relative English activities,they can organize not only the English education activities independently but also the education activities in 5 fields.The professional competence of Pre-school English teachers is comprised of 3 aspects of solid English language skills, good early childhood education teaching ability and good English teaching ability,they are indispensable to the whole process. Nowadays,in the current status of the swift development of pre-school English education and severe shortage of pre-school English teachers,the positive pre-career cultivation on matched majors and reinforcement of post-career cultivation on pre-school English teachers are the ways to train pre-school English teachers.%“语言关键期”理论的提出,使英语学习的热潮“低龄化”,导致学前英语教育开展呈一种不可逆转的趋势。学前英语教师是指在幼儿园从事与英语相关教育活动的教师,不仅能独立组织英语教育活动,还能组织学前五大领域教育活动。学前英语教师的职业能力是由扎实英语语言能力、良好的幼儿教育能力和英语教学能力三方面组成,缺一不可。当前,我国学前英语教育的迅速发展,学前英语师资严重匮乏,积极开办对口专业的职前培养和加大学前英语教师的职后培养是培养学前英语教师的主要途径。

  19. EMG and EPP-integrated human-machine interface between the paralyzed and rehabilitation exoskeleton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Yue H; Fan, Yuan J; Xu, Li D

    2012-07-01

    Although a lower extremity exoskeleton shows great prospect in the rehabilitation of the lower limb, it has not yet been widely applied to the clinical rehabilitation of the paralyzed. This is partly caused by insufficient information interactions between the paralyzed and existing exoskeleton that cannot meet the requirements of harmonious control. In this research, a bidirectional human-machine interface including a neurofuzzy controller and an extended physiological proprioception (EPP) feedback system is developed by imitating the biological closed-loop control system of human body. The neurofuzzy controller is built to decode human motion in advance by the fusion of the fuzzy electromyographic signals reflecting human motion intention and the precise proprioception providing joint angular feedback information. It transmits control information from human to exoskeleton, while the EPP feedback system based on haptic stimuli transmits motion information of the exoskeleton back to the human. Joint angle and torque information are transmitted in the form of air pressure to the human body. The real-time bidirectional human-machine interface can help a patient with lower limb paralysis to control the exoskeleton with his/her healthy side and simultaneously perceive motion on the paralyzed side by EPP. The interface rebuilds a closed-loop motion control system for paralyzed patients and realizes harmonious control of the human-machine system.

  20. Report on FY17 testing in support of integrated EPP-SMT design methods development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Yanli . [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Jetter, Robert I. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Sham, T. -L. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2017-08-01

    The goal of the proposed integrated Elastic Perfectly-Plastic (EPP) and Simplified Model Test (SMT) methodology is to incorporate a SMT data-based approach for creep-fatigue damage evaluation into the EPP methodology to avoid the separate evaluation of creep and fatigue damage and eliminate the requirement for stress classification in current methods; thus greatly simplifying evaluation of elevated temperature cyclic service. The purpose of this methodology is to minimize over-conservatism while properly accounting for localized defects and stress risers. To support the implementation of the proposed methodology and to verify the applicability of the code rules, thermomechanical tests continued in FY17. This report presents the recent test results for Type 1 SMT specimens on Alloy 617 with long hold times, pressurization SMT on Alloy 617, and two-bar thermal ratcheting test results on SS316H at the temperature range of 405 °C to 705 °C. Preliminary EPP strain range analysis on the two-bar tests are critically evaluated and compared with the experimental results.

  1. Preliminary test results in support of integrated EPP and SMT design methods development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Yanli [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Jetter, Robert I. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Sham, T. -L. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2016-02-09

    The proposed integrated Elastic Perfectly-Plastic (EPP) and Simplified Model Test (SMT) methodology consists of incorporating a SMT data-based approach for creep-fatigue damage evaluation into the EPP methodology to avoid using the creep-fatigue interaction diagram (the D diagram) and to minimize over-conservatism while properly accounting for localized defects and stress risers. To support the implementation of the proposed code rules and to verify their applicability, a series of thermomechanical tests have been initiated. One test concept, the Simplified Model Test (SMT), takes into account the stress and strain redistribution in real structures by including representative follow-up characteristics in the test specimen. The second test concept is the two-bar thermal ratcheting tests with cyclic loading at high temperatures using specimens representing key features of potential component designs. This report summaries the previous SMT results on Alloy 617, SS316H and SS304H and presents the recent development on SMT approach on Alloy 617. These SMT specimen data are also representative of component loading conditions and have been used as part of the verification of the proposed integrated EPP and SMT design methods development. The previous two-bar thermal ratcheting test results on Alloy 617 and SS316H are also summarized and the new results from two bar thermal ratcheting tests on SS316H at a lower temperature range are reported.

  2. Low hepatitis B prevalence among pre-school children in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Niels; Georgsen, Jørgen; Stolborg, Torsten

    2002-01-01

    Although Denmark has a low hepatitis B virus (HBV) prevalence, HBV transmission has been reported in Danish day-care centres. The aim of this study was to validate saliva anti-HBc testing as a method for HBV screening, the applicability of saliva sampling to pre-school children, and to determine...

  3. Open pre-schools at integrated health services - A program theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agneta Abrahamsson

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Family centres in Sweden are integrated services that reach all prospective parents and parents with children up to their sixth year, because of the co-location of the health service with the social service and the open pre-school. The personnel on the multi-professional site work together to meet the needs of the target group. The article explores a program theory focused on the open pre-schools at family centres. Method: A multi-case design is used and the sample consists of open pre-schools at six family centres. The hypothesis is based on previous research and evaluation data. It guides the data collection which is collected and analysed stepwise. Both parents and personnel are interviewed individually and in groups at each centre. Findings: The hypothesis was expanded to a program theory. The compliance of the professionals was the most significant element that explained why the open access service facilitated positive parenting. The professionals act in a compliant manner to meet the needs of the children and parents as well as in creating good conditions for social networking and learning amongst the parents. Conclusion: The compliance of the professionals in this program theory of open pre-schools at family centres can be a standard in integrated and open access services, whereas the organisation form can vary. The best way of increasing the number of integrative services is to support and encourage professionals that prefer to work in a compliant manner.

  4. Understanding the Learning Style of Pre-School Children Learning the Violin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calissendorff, Maria

    2006-01-01

    The aim of the study was to acquire a deeper understanding of how small children learn an instrument in the presence of their parents. It is qualitative in nature and concerned six pre-school children (five years old) who were learning the violin together and where their parents were present at the lessons. All the children's homes were visited…

  5. The Reliability and Structure of the Classroom Assessment Scoring System in German Pre-Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuck, Andrea; Kammermeyer, Gisela; Roux, Susanna

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the reliability and structure of the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS; Pianta, R. C., K. M. La Paro, and B. K. Hamre. 2008. "Classroom Assessment Scoring System. Manual Pre-K." Baltimore, MD: Brookes) and the quality of interactional processes in a German pre-school setting, drawing on a sample of 390…

  6. The Perception of and Motivation for Foreign Language Learning in Pre-School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brumen, Mihaela

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the present study is to investigate how children aged 4-6 perceive and are motivated by foreign language learning in kindergarten. The central part of the paper focuses on the tendencies and guidelines for the teaching and learning of foreign languages at the pre-school level and on children's motivation for foreign language…

  7. Using Socialization to Increase Academic Skills in a Pre-School Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, Ashley N.

    2010-01-01

    Recent research has shown that students who enter kindergarten with prior academic knowledge are more successful later in their school careers. Yet, pre-school teachers face the problem of limited time in a day to focus on the academic skills of students, as well as work on their basic needs. The goal of this study was to find out if students can…

  8. Creating a Bilingual Pre-School Classroom: The Multilayered Discourses of a Bilingual Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palviainen, Åsa; Mård-Miettinen, Karita

    2015-01-01

    Teachers have an agentive role as they interpret, evaluate and develop language policies and practices. In the current study we interviewed a bilingual pre-school teacher in Finland during the first year of implementing a new way of working bilingually with a class of monolingual children. Applying nexus analysis, we explored the teacher…

  9. Open pre-schools at integrated health services - A program theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agneta Abrahamsson

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Family centres in Sweden are integrated services that reach all prospective parents and parents with children up to their sixth year, because of the co-location of the health service with the social service and the open pre-school. The personnel on the multi-professional site work together to meet the needs of the target group. The article explores a program theory focused on the open pre-schools at family centres.Method: A multi-case design is used and the sample consists of open pre-schools at six family centres. The hypothesis is based on previous research and evaluation data. It guides the data collection which is collected and analysed stepwise. Both parents and personnel are interviewed individually and in groups at each centre.Findings: The hypothesis was expanded to a program theory. The compliance of the professionals was the most significant element that explained why the open access service facilitated positive parenting. The professionals act in a compliant manner to meet the needs of the children and parents as well as in creating good conditions for social networking and learning amongst the parents. Conclusion: The compliance of the professionals in this program theory of open pre-schools at family centres can be a standard in integrated and open access services, whereas the organisation form can vary. The best way of increasing the number of integrative services is to support and encourage professionals that prefer to work in a compliant manner.

  10. Effects of Cooperative Group Work Activities on Pre-School Children's Pattern Recognition Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarim, Kamuran

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this research is twofold; to investigate the effects of cooperative group-based work activities on children's pattern recognition skills in pre-school and to examine the teachers' opinions about the implementation process. In line with this objective, for the study, 57 children (25 girls and 32 boys) were chosen from two private schools…

  11. Feasibility of a new method to collect exhaled breath condensate in pre-school children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rosias, Philippe P. R.; Robroeks, Charlotte M.; van de Kant, Kim D.; Rijkers, Ger T.; Zimmermann, Luc J.; van Schayck, Constant P.; Heynens, Jan W.; Jobsis, Quirijn; Dompeling, Edward

    2010-01-01

    Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is a promising non-invasive method to assess respiratory inflammation in adults and children with lung disease. Especially in pre-school children, condensate collection is hampered by long sampling times because of open-ended collection systems. We aimed to assess the

  12. Phenotype-directed treatment of pre-school-aged children with recurrent wheeze

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schultz, Andre; Brand, Paul L. P.

    2012-01-01

    Wheeze in childhood may comprise different underlying diseases. Disease-specific treatment could potentially improve treatment efficacy. Various attempts have been made to differentiate between pre-school wheeze phenotypes. In this review, the results of clinical trials evaluating treatment of pre-s

  13. A 'Benign Addiction'? Research on ICT and Pre-School Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plowman, Lydia; Stephen, C.

    2003-01-01

    Reviews the international research evidence on the ways in which information and communication technologies (ICT) are used in both formal and informal pre-school settings. Addresses the debate over the value and desirability of young children using computers and computational toys; relationship to the media environment; literacies involved; and…

  14. Psychosocial problems in pre-school children : Recognition and strategy applied by doctors and nurses in child health care objective.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reijneveld, SA; Brugman, E; Verhulst, FC; Verloove-Vanhorick, SP

    2005-01-01

    Psychosocial problems in pre-school children: recognition and strategy applied by doctors and nurses in child health care Objective. To assess the degree to which preventive child health professionals (CHPs) identify and manage psychosocial problems among pre-school children in the general populatio

  15. The value of (pre)school playgrounds for children’s physical activity level : a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broekhuizen, Karen; Scholten, Anne-Marie; Vries, S.I. (Sanne) de

    2014-01-01

    The (pre)school environment is an important setting to improve children’s health. Especially, the (pre)school playground provides a major opportunity to intervene. This review presents an overview of the existing evidence on the value of both school and preschool playgrounds on children’s health in

  16. [Intestinal parasitosis in pre-school children from Tarapoto].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, J; Calderón, J

    1991-01-01

    We examined stool specimens from 110 children (Pre Scholar) from the suburb "9 de Abril" Tarapoto (Perú). The diagnostic techniques were: direct smear, Faust floaty concentration, Willis floating and Graham's tape. 98 percent had intestinal parasitosis, without sexual differences. The most common parasites were: Ascaris lumbricoides 68%, Trichuris trichiura 44%, Enterobius vermicularis 28%, Hymenolepis nana 21% and Strongyloides stercoralis 16%. Monoparasitosis was present in 44% and biparasitosis 42%. The most frequent association was Ascaris-Trichuris. The clinical findings were hyporexia, borborygms, bruxismo, abdominal pain and diarrhea. 60% received irregular treatment and without laboratory stool tests. In this suburb there's not garbage dump, drainage and the drinkable water is very contaminated; the deficient hygiene worsen the soul contamination. We consider that the elimination of these situations and health education are better than the medicine use.

  17. Organization of Physical Activities as a Precondition of Quality Development of Motor Abilities of Pre-School and School Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marković Živorad

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In their work authors consider the significance of the organization of physical activities for the development of abilities of pre-school and school children. Led by theoretical basis that physical development of children represents the basis of their whole development, and that “fine motor skills” are determined by the development of its large motorics, the authors point to the significance of the content and structure of physical education programme in preschool institutions and younger age school classes. It is evident that the effects of cultivating of children development during preschool period can be seen in younger primary school classes. The goal of this research was to determine if and how much the different organization of preparatory part of physical education lesson for younger school children, determines the differences in the development of their motor abilities. By the use of experimental method, the effects of prolonged preparatory part of a lesson in younger school classes. This part was realized through complex of exercises which were supposed to have influence on transformation of motor abilities in relation to the structure with standard duration of certain parts of a lesson. It is determined that certain increase in body movement of students during physical activity can significantly contribute to better development of motor abilities. These abilities determine correct physical development and strengthening of health, which determines general aim of physical education.

  18. The Investigation Of Pre-School Children’s Print Awareness And Skills For Writing Preparation

    OpenAIRE

    ŞİMŞEK ÇETİN, Özlem

    2014-01-01

    The goal of the study is to investigate the pre-school children’s print awareness and skills for writing preparation. Descriptive research method was used in the study. The children attending kindergarten classes in the primary schools of five different central districts of Ankara province in 2009-2010 academic year formed the study group of the research. The sampling of the research consists of 376 children who were chosen via stratified sampling method. Control List for the Evaluation of Pr...

  19. Influence of pre-school swimming on level of swimming abilities of early schol age children

    OpenAIRE

    Velová, Lenka

    2011-01-01

    My thesis paper is focused on children swimming from their birth to early school age. The pivotal part of the paper is the comparison of swimming abilities between primary school children who have passed pre-school swimming training and those who have had no training at all. Theoretical framework of the paper is then focused on general swimming theory, characteristics of children's evolutionary stages within the context of swimming and definition of basic swimming skills.

  20. Stimulation of development of notion about syntax in pre-school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolić Mirjana

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a part of the research the goal of which was to study the notion about syntax as one of the meta-linguistic abilities that contributes to adoption of reading. Research comprised two hundred children of pre-school age, divided into two groups, balanced according to gender, intelligence and socioeconomic status. The research was conducted by an experimental method test-retest. In the initial measuring, experimental and control group were given the list comprising three kinds of experimental tasks for determining the level of development of notion about syntax, constructed by the author of the research. Experimental program consisted of tasks for stimulation of development of notion about syntax, which children practiced in the course of ten days (up to 30 minutes a day, with the help of previously trained pre-school teachers. After the ten-day training, final measuring in both groups was performed in both groups of respondents, by parallel form of tasks. The goal of the research was to determine whether it is possible to encourage the development of notion about syntax in children of pre-school age by systematic practice. The results of final measuring indicate that both in experimental and control group there have been significant improvements with respect to development of notion about syntax, and that the number of answers in which judgement was based on the semantic criterion (experience and meaning was significantly reduced. In making judgements based on consequences (content of the sentence points to something which is a good or not a good thing to do, moral or immoral there were no significant differences in the final compared to the initial measuring in both groups. Significant differences in retest were found in making judgements based on meaning. The mere experience with test material at pre-school age brings about the improvement of the notion about language, and practice contributes considerably to shifting the

  1. Can the Ambition with Individualize Pedagogy Limit the Children in Pre-school?

    OpenAIRE

    Gullberg, Annica; Anderssson, Kristina; Hussenius, Anita; Danielsson, Anna; Scantlebury, Kathryn

    2014-01-01

    At two Swedish universities critical perspectives on gender and science were integrated as part of preschool teacher science courses. In one assignment 45 preservice teachers described and reflected upon episodes in their pre-school placements where they judged gender to be of importance and impacted the children’s science and technology learning. Two main themes regarding the view of children were identified: (1) children have a stable core identity and should be supported to ‘be who they ar...

  2. The Education of Developing Responsibility Value

    Science.gov (United States)

    Güngör, Semra Kiranli; Güzel, Deniz Bostan

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this research is to improve different responsibility value education activities in pre-school value education. In Turkey, there is a yearly programme in which value should be gained in pre-school value education, but it is lack of activities and how. This research was performed with the studies in a total of 26 students aged five and…

  3. The Investigation Of Pre-School Children’s Print Awareness And Skills For Writing Preparation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem ŞİMŞEK ÇETİN

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the study is to investigate the pre-school children’s print awareness and skills for writing preparation. Descriptive research method was used in the study. The children attending kindergarten classes in the primary schools of five different central districts of Ankara province in 2009-2010 academic year formed the study group of the research. The sampling of the research consists of 376 children who were chosen via stratified sampling method. Control List for the Evaluation of Pre-School Children’s Preparation Skills for Writing and Control List for the Evaluation Pre-School Children’s Print Awareness were used as data collection tools. At the end of the research, it was found that the total grade average of the children in their skills for writing preparation was 7.74 and that number corresponded to 70.4 %. Children’s print awareness grade average was 6.38 and that number corresponded to 37.5 %. The obtained correlation which was calculated to identify the relation between children’s print awareness and their skills for writing preparation was 0.262. It was revealed that there has been a low-level but positive relation between print awareness and skills for writing preparation.

  4. Early Childhood Education and Care in Europe: Tackling Social and Cultural Inequalities. Lithuania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seibokiene, Grazina

    2008-01-01

    In Lithuania early childhood education and care embraces children of the age from one to seven and is an integrated part of the education system. According to Lithuanian education classification, it belongs to the zero level of education. Though defined as pre-school education yet this stage is composed of two parts--pre-school education of…

  5. SOME ASPECTS OF TEACHING MEDIA LITERACY TO PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN IN SLOVENIA FROM A PERCEPTION STANDPOINT OF TEACHERS AND PARENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jurka Lepičnik Vodopivec

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with media literacy as a multidimensional skill that parents and teachers possess. In this context we warn of the media-technical aspect of this skill and, within this aspect, of parents’ and teachers’ opinion on the presence of media in children’s lives. Following that, the paper explores teachers’ media-didactic competence as a component of educators’ media literacy. In the empiric part we used two aspects of fostering media literacy. One is the media-technical competence of parents and educators, while the other is the media-didactic competence of educators. We found that both parents and teachers believe that media have a strong presence in everyday lives of pre-school children and that they play an important role in teaching pre-school children. Teachers are aware of the importance of early teaching with media, for media and about media with the purpose of developing children’s media literacy, so they will not be afraid of media when they grow up.

  6. Informing Society about Pre-School Education and Educational Support in the Context of Sustainable Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazlauskiene, Ausra; Gaucaite, Ramute; Juodaityte, Audrone

    2011-01-01

    Society qualitatively participates in the implementation of corresponding tasks only when it is informed. An analysis of the National Strategy for Sustainable Development of Lithuania expresses concern regarding shortage of information: information receivers are scantily informed, whilst information providers themselves are scantily informed about…

  7. Associations between preschool attendance and developmental impairments in pre-school children in a six-year retrospective survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baune Bernhard T

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many school-aged children suffer physical and mental impairments which can adversely affect their development and result in significant morbidity. A high proportion of children in western countries attend pre-school, and it is likely that the preschool environment influences the prevalence and severity of these impairments. Currently there is insufficient data available on the prevalence of these impairments and their causal associations. The influence that location of a pre-school and the duration of preschool attendance have on the prevalence of these impairments is not known. Methods In a retrospective survey spanning six years (1997–2002 we reviewed the records of 6,230 preschool children who had undergone routine school entry assessments. These children had been assessed utilising a modified manual of the "Bavarian Model" for school entry examinations. This model outlines specific criteria for impairments of motor, cognitive, behavioural and psychosocial functioning. Prevalence rates for physical and behavioural impairments were based on the results of these assessments. The relationship between the prevalence of impairments and the duration of preschool attendance and the location of the preschool attended was estimated utilizing logistic regression models. Results We found that 20.7% of children met the criteria for at least one type of impairment. Highest prevalence rates (11.5% were seen for speech impairments and lowest (3.5% for arithmetic impairments. Boys were disproportionately over represented, with 25.5% meeting the criteria for impairment, compared to 13.0% for girls. Children who had attended preschool for less than one year demonstrated higher rates of impairment (up to 19.1% for difficulties with memory, concentration or perseverance compared to those who had attended for a longer duration (up to 11.6% for difficulties with pronouncation. Children attending preschool in an urban location had slightly

  8. The Importance of Fostering the Innovation Ability of Art Teaching on Pre-school Vocational Education%浅谈中职学校学前教育专业美术教学创新能力培养的重要性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文学

    2014-01-01

    While“innovation”has become a hot topic during today’s society,develop students’ innovative spirit and practical ability has become the focus of education,Therefore,the primary purpose of education is to release the students’ creativity,Develop students ability to innovate. Nursery for children art education as an important part of education,Cultivating children’s creativity has a unique advantage of this feature,Preschool education in vocational schools should focus on developing and cultivating students’ innovative consciousness and ability in the art teaching,Stimulate the imagination and creativity of students. As such,Vocational teaching pre-professional art innovation ability of great importance.%正当“创新”成为当今社会的热门话题之时,培养学生的创新能力已经成为教育的重点。幼儿美术教育作为幼儿园教育的重要组成部分,对培养幼儿创造力具有独特的优势,中职学校学前教育专业更应在美术教学中着力于学生创新思维与能力的开发和培养。因此,中职学前教育专业美术教学中创新能力的培养很重要。

  9. Social behaviour in pre-school children: a child-centred follow-up study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maša Vidmar

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available The contribution presents a study with 3-year-olds and examines relative contribution of children's age of entry to pre-school (1 and 3 years, their personality type (resilient, average, willful and maternal parenting style (optimal, less-than-optimal to the development of individual differences in social behavior. Employing The Family Environment Questionnaire (Zupančič, Podlesek, & Kavčič, 2004, 2 internally replicable parenting styles were identified with maternal and paternal self-report data sets. The styles differed mainly by authoritative parenting and stimulation, and appeared structurally similar between the spouses. Parental agreement on individual style membership significantly exceeded chance levels, but was relatively low. Therefore further analyses considered maternal parenting style only. The mothers also filled in The Inventory of Child Individual Differences (Halverson et al., 2003 and the teachers (concurrently and one year later filled in The Social Competence and Behavior Evaluation scales (LaFreniere et al., 2001. Child personality type membership was based on classifications derived in a previous study. Relatively, the personality type exerted the strongest and the most consistent effects on child social behavior in pre-school. Social functioning of the resilient and the willful children was somewhat more efficient in comparison to their counterparts with the average profile, even though the latter showed the most improvement in these domains between ages 3 and 4. With the willful children only, less-than-optimal parenting had an adverse effect on the development of externalizing behavior, while the development of social adjustment was negatively affected by the children's late entry to pre-school.

  10. Serum transferrin receptors: Distribution and diagnostic performance in pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chouliaras, Giorgos L; Premetis, Evangelos; Tsiftis, George; Drosatou, Panayiota; Papassotiriou, Ioannis; Stamoulakatou, Alexandra; Lycopoulou, Lilia

    2009-01-01

    Soluble transferrin receptors have gained interest in the field of diagnosing anemias. Reference ranges differ according to the method used for the quantification of sTfR. We aim to explore the distributional properties and diagnostic performance of sTfR in pre-school healthy children as well as in children with beta-thalassemia carriers, iron deficiency with normal hematological phenotype (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA). Circulating sTfR as well as biochemical and hematological indices were determined in 521 pre-school children and four groups (normal children, beta-thalassemia traits, ID and IDA) were formed. Diagnostic performance and distribution of sTfR according to age and in relation to several parameters were evaluated in every group. Three hundred eighty one children (261 normal, 60 beta-thalassemia traits, 44 ID and 16 IDA) aged 1-6 years were included. We found that distribution of sTfR differed significantly among the four groups (Kruskal Wallis pchildren in the normal group exhibiting lower concentrations compared to all other. A negative correlation between sTfR and age occurred in the normal (beta=-0.12, pchildren. Sensitivity and specificity were 70.5% and 50% respectively at a cut-off of 2.5 mg/l. Levels of sTfR are negatively correlated to age in pre-school children while dyserythropoietic procedures like beta-thal, ID, and IDA significantly affect them. These findings indicated that the accuracy of sTfR in diagnosing ID from normal children is limited. Standardization will allow the use of formulas that combine sTfR and ferritin which are of greater diagnostic value than sTfR alone.

  11. 数码钢琴集体课在新疆高职院校学前教育专业中的发展现状分析%Status Analysis of Digital Piano Lectures in Pre-school Education Specialty in Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈元峰

    2014-01-01

    Digital piano lectures are getting more attention in the music education circle of China and Xinjiang keeps the same pace with other provinces in the development of digital piano course. Comparing the traditional piano teaching in small classes with the digital piano lectures, the author of the paper finds that digital piano lectures are more adapted to the development of modern piano education though the two kinds of educational models have shortcomings.%数码钢琴集体课在我国音乐教育界的关注度越来越高,数码钢琴课程也在新疆同步发展。对比传统的小课教学形式发现,两种教学模式各有利弊,但数码钢琴集体课确更能适应现代钢琴教育的发展。

  12. The Evaluation Of Effectiveness Of ICDS In 7 Anganwadi Centres On The Health Status Of Pre-School Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kulkarni M.N

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Impact of Integrated child Development Services (ICDS scheme in 7 Anganwadi centers of Davangere Block on the health status of pre-school children were studied for a period of one year. Total of 547 children, who were enrolled for supplementary nutrition and non-formal education, formed the study group. Impact of the programme on nutritional status was seen only in severely malnourished children (Grade III & IV. Severely malnourished children constituted 9.3% of total initially and 3.9 percent at the end of the study. The number of children belonging to grade I & II malnutrition were 74% initially and 81.5% at the end of the study. Not much improvement in the immunization status for BCG., all three doses of oral polio vaccine and DPT was 42.4, 59.4 and 73.3 percent at the baseline study and 56, 67.7 and 82 percent respectively at the end of the study. The supply of supplementary nutrients and vaccines was irregular. High prevalence of vit. ‘A’ Deficiency and anemia were noted.

  13. THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS OF THE ORGANIZED ACTIVITIES ON CHILDREN WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTURBANCES AT PRE-SCHOOL AGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katerina KARADZOVA

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available In this presented material it’s stressed that upon the psychological aspect, the problem of activities of mentally retarded children should be treated in the context of possibilities for orientation, their attitude towards the difficulties and their relation towards the gained results. Practically this can be presented in three ways: forming of habits and gaining knowledge of practical life, creating possibilities for nonverbal communication and speech development. In that way special suggestions are given for creating activities with mentally retarded children at pre-school period.

  14. Long-Run Benefits from Universal High-Quality Pre-Schooling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bauchmüller, Robert; Gørtz, Mette; Rasmussen, Astrid Würtz

    on this, we generate five main quality indicators of pre-schools. Child out-comes are language test scores from final (9th grade) elementary school exams. Controlling for child background factors, we find that a higher number of staff members per child, a higher share of male staff, a higher share...... instrumental variables estimation. For two of the quality indicators, i.e. the share of male staff and the share of non-native staff, IV estimates show significant positive effects which are numerically higher than OLS estimates....

  15. Child personality measures as contemporaneous and longitudinal predictors of social behaviour in pre-school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja Zupančič

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Predictive relations from personality measures to children's social behaviour in pre-school were examined for 3 year old children (at Time 1; T1 who were reassessed one year later (at Time 2; T2. At both times, mothers and fathers separately rated children's personality characteristics using the Inventory of Child Individual Differences (Halverson et al., 2003, while the pre-school teachers assessed the same children on the Social Competence and Behavior Evaluation Scale (LaFreniere et al., 2001. Three general predictive models were examined, contemporaneous (at T1 and T2, longitudinal, and cumulative. Mother- and father-rated child personality was contemporaneously predictive of children's social behaviour as assessed by their pre-school teachers. The most consistent predictions across the spouses and at both times of measurement were obtained for child externalizing behaviour. More disagreeable and emotionally stable children, as opposed to their less disagreeable and more in stable counterparts, were concurrently observed to exhibit more externalizing tendencies during the time spent in pre-school. Maternal reports were longitudinally predictive of children's social competence and internalizing behaviour and the father reports predicted internalizing and externalizing behaviour one year later. Neuroticism at age 3 was consistently linked to internalizing tendencies at age 4 across parents both longitudinally and cumulatively. Father-rated Disagreeableness at age 3 was predictive of externalizing behaviour one year later in both longitudinal and cumulative models, while the contemporaneous information on child Disagreeableness and Neuroticism (reversed at T2, independent of the respective child traits at T1, significantly improved the cumulative predictions of externalizing behaviour from maternal reports. In general, child personality scores derived from maternal data sets were more powerful predictors of children's social behaviour across

  16. Epp Petrone lemmikreisiraamatud / Epp Petrone

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Petrone, Epp, 1974-

    2013-01-01

    Tutvustus: Bryson, Bill. Ei siin ega seal : reisid Euroopas. [Tallinn] : Tänapäev, c2011 ; Grzimek, Bernhard. Serengeti ei tohi surra. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1978 ; Kaun, Eeva. Minu India : mister Singhi surm ja tuhat tassi chai'd. [Tartu] : Petrone Print, c2012

  17. Epp Petrone lemmikreisiraamatud / Epp Petrone

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Petrone, Epp, 1974-

    2013-01-01

    Tutvustus: Bryson, Bill. Ei siin ega seal : reisid Euroopas. [Tallinn] : Tänapäev, c2011 ; Grzimek, Bernhard. Serengeti ei tohi surra. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1978 ; Kaun, Eeva. Minu India : mister Singhi surm ja tuhat tassi chai'd. [Tartu] : Petrone Print, c2012

  18. 存在主义视野下我国学前教育师生间的“应然”状态%The "Should Be" State between Teachers and Students in Our Pre-school Education in Existential Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱泳蓁

    2012-01-01

    From the existential point of view,learn and absorb the featured educational content,summed up the implementation by the teachers the humanistic education,should fully demonstrate their strength of character,self-personality of children,established the division of equal democratic student relationship three aspects.%本文从存在主义的角度,借鉴和吸收了其中具有特色的教育内涵,总结出教师所实施的应是人本主义教育,应充分展示自己的人格力量,以自我个性影响儿童,确立平等民主的师生关系三大方面。

  19. A nationwide study of asthma incidence rate and its determinants in Swedish pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bröms, Kristina; Norbäck, Dan; Sundelin, Claes; Eriksson, Margaretha; Svärdsudd, Kurt

    2012-09-01

    While many studies on asthma prevalence have been published, the number of studies on asthma incidence in pre-school children is limited. In this project, a nationwide sample of pre-school children was followed with the aim of estimating cumulative 5-year asthma incidence and its determinants. Parents of 5,886 children 1-6 years of age, sampled from day-care centres in 62 municipalities all over Sweden, responded in 2002 to a baseline postal questionnaire with questions regarding symptoms indicating possible asthma or atopic conditions, and a number of other variables. In 2007, parents of 4,255 children responded to an almost identical follow-up questionnaire. Of these, the 3,715 children who were free from asthma at baseline constitute the study population for this report. A large number of potential baseline determinants for cumulative 5-year asthma incidence were identified. Of these, food allergy, rhinitis, incomplete asthma diagnosis criteria (wheezing last 12 months, and ever had asthma but no current symptoms), parental rhinitis, parental asthma, age, and eczema, in ranking order of importance, remained significant in multivariate logistic regression analysis. The asthma incidence rate was highly dependent on presence or absence of these variables, the average annual rate ranging from 2/1,000/year in 6-year-olds with no determinants to 154/1,000/year in 1-year-olds with all determinants, corresponding to 11/1,000/year based on the whole study population.

  20. The effect of group play therapy on social-emotional skills in pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinekesh, Ahdieh; Kamalian, Mehrnoush; Eltemasi, Masoumeh; Chinekesh, Shirin; Alavi, Manijeh

    2013-12-24

    Childhood is important and critical period in human life. The foundation of ego is shaped in childhood. Play therapy is one of the successful strategies to help children with inner conflicts problems. This method of psychotherapy is base on the normal learning processes of children, provides solutions to relieve feelings of stress, and expands self-expression. Group play therapy can enhance the self-awareness, self- regulation, social communication, empathy and adoptability in children. Present study investigated the effects of play therapy on relational and emotional skills of pre-school children. For this purpose, the total numbers of 372 pre-school children were randomly selected, and divided into two equal groups (case and control). In next step, the BUSSE-SR methodology was used for evaluation and comparison of self-awareness, self-regulation, social interaction, empathy, adoptability, and control groups. Pre-test were performed for both groups and case group was involved in-group play therapy. According to the results of post-test, correlation of variables between case-control groups was examined by multivariate analysis of covariance. Frequency of boys and girls in our sample were 51.3 and 48.7 percent, respectively. The mean age of children was 5.1±0.6 year. According to the results of present study, play therapy significantly enhanced the social-emotional skills (Pskills and communicate with others.

  1. The zone of proximal development during assessment of intellectual development in pre-school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solovieva Yu.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The zone of proximal development is a well-known and frequently referenced term within cultural historical psychology. Nevertheless, it is rarely used in the concrete practice of assessing intellectual development. The majority of proposals for such assessment are based on a behavioral and psychometric conception of development. This study presents a Scheme for Evaluation of Intellectual Development based on the concept of the zone of proximal development and on gradual intellectual development. The Scheme was applied to 160 Mexican pre-school children from rural, suburban, official, and private kindergartens. The Scheme permitted us to determine the zone of proximal development by evaluating the children’s level of external orientation during the solution of new intellectual tasks. Three levels of orientation through external help were established. The results showed that the majority of children from all groups managed to fulfil new tasks after receiving external help, which indicated the existence of their zone of proximal development. Differences were detected in the use of the level of help in all groups. Statistical analysis showed a significant correlation between the level of helping received, the degree of fulfilment of the task, and the children’s socio-cultural group. The results permitted us to establish more precisely the zone of proximal development at pre-school age. We discuss how the concept of the zone of proximal development might be used in concrete psychological practice and research, instead of being only a well-known term at a declarative level.

  2. SUPPORT OF PSYCHO-PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF A PRE-SCHOOL CHILD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radovan Čokorilo

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available In this work are analyzed needs, ability and the ways of supporting psychophysical activity of a pre-school child. Primary child’s need for movement, which should be invented by play, boosts impulses for growth and development of the organism and is considered as a main condition of it’s psycho-physical development. In the way of physical development child should be encouraged on many different ways of movement: walking, running, jumping, but also crawling, climbing, throwing, catching… For the development of skill of detection optimal senses stimulation is good way, in point of making communication with nature and social surroundings. Thru play and practical activity it is possible to contribute to acceptable way of showing emotional condition of the child. Thinking and imagination at start are very dependable of emotions, and they develop also thru playing and practical activity. It is also possible to contribute a start of development of the main character line which are made from imitation and identification of child with parents and teachers. Functional contribution of psycho-physical activity of pre-school child is possible to achieve if, with skill and a lot of pedagogy talent, awards and compliment are given to child, and giving to them honor and promises

  3. Elucidation of the structure of the oligosaccharide from wild type Moraxella bovis Epp63 lipooligosaccharide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Castro, Cristina; Grice, I Darren; Daal, Terese-Marie; Peak, Ian R; Molinaro, Antonio; Wilson, Jennifer C

    2014-03-31

    Moraxella bovis is a Gram-negative microorganism that causes Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), colloquially known as 'Pink eye' in cattle worldwide. Lipopolysaccharides/lipooligosaccharides are the predominant glycans on the surface of Gram-negative microorganisms. Structural elucidation of the oligosaccharide structure of the rough phenotype of Moraxella bovis strain Epp63 was determined using GC-MS, methylation analysis, and NMR spectroscopy. The oligosaccharide is a branched structure that comprises 10 sugars in addition to KDO. The unusual features of this oligosaccharide include the fact that the oligosaccharide is devoid of heptose. The KDO residue is directly attached to a (→4,6)-branched glucose and additionally contains a terminal open chain acetal-linked N-acetylgalactosamine, (1S)-GalaNAc residue →4,6-linked to a sub-terminal galactose residue.

  4. Kvalita reflexe v profesním myšlení učitelek mateřských škol / The quality of reflection in professional thinking of pre-school teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zora Syslová

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The given study brings the view of professional thinking of pre-school teachers into the professional discourse about professionalization of teaching with the aim to find out about the quality of reflection of pre-school teachers with different levels of qualification. In the foreword chapters, the authors consider the relationship between professionalism and qualification and summarize with introducing three dimensions of professional thinking – cognitive, reflective and subjective dimension. In the paper, the authors concentrate only on the reflective dimension which represents the central point of investigation of the nature of thinking of (female preschool teachers with different levels of qualification (ISCED 3A and ISCED 5B. They present the models of reflection (Eby, 2000; Korthagen, 2011; Píšová, 2005 that were used in the research. The following part of the paper focuses on the research methodology and findings. The results show that some positive evaluation statements of the respondents about their work are in the contrast to the results of the video analysis. The results of the research investigation have shown that the teachers who had been involved in focused reflection and realization of self reflection techniques use a higher level of cognitive thinking. Therefore the authors’ view on professional thinking and its development through systematic implementation of reflection already during preservice pre-school teacher education at Faculties of Education has been supported.

  5. An Experimental Study on Mitigating Alkali Silica Reaction by Using Fly Ash (FA in Combination with Silica Fume and Expanded Perlite Powder (EPP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isneini Mohd

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ASR suppression by FA, SF, EPP, FA in combination with SF and EPP were evaluated by both mortar bar and concrete prism test. Mortar bars were made based on JIS A 1146, meanwhile concrete prism bars were casted in accordance with Rilem AAR-3. Both specimens were stored in 40°C 100% R.H. controlled room. Mortar and concrete mixtures used reactive aggregate in pessimum proportion. The results indicated that FA in combination with SF and EPP showed smaller expansion compared to FA. The best of concrete mixtures in reducing expansion is combination of FA with SF (FA15SF10.

  6. 应用引导式教育提高学龄期智障儿童语言表达能力的实践研究%A Study on the Practice of Applying Guiding Education to Improve Language Expression Ability of Pre-school Mentally Retarded Children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄艳萍; 张秀伟

    2012-01-01

    The mentally retarded children have many obvious language barriers,but in special schools,by using guiding educational rehabilitation methods,with its method of distinctive rhythmical intention to evoke techniques and the combination of step-by-step guiding way,vivid and interesting activities,life oriented integrated curriculum,effective cognitive training and education rehabilitation,it is a recommendable mode of teaching children with mental retardation.%智障儿童多有较明显的语言障碍,在特殊学校中采用引导式教育康复方法,以其独具特色的节律性意向作为诱发技巧,循序渐进的引导方式,生动有趣的游戏活动,面向生活的整合课程,有效地将认知训练和教育康复结合起来,不失为一种值得提倡的智障儿童教学模式。

  7. Research on the Innovative Mode of Public Service Supply of Pre -school Education under the Horizon of Network Governance%网络化治理视域下学前教育公共服务供给模式创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚伟伟

    2016-01-01

    Based on clear understanding of the current conflict between supply and demand in public service of preschool educa-tion as well as the theory of network governance,this paper explores the effective way to innovate the public service supply col-lective sharing mode of preschool education in our country.To start with,it makes a systematic analysis of the existing problems like single supply subject,lack of communication between the subjects and fragmentation of the division of responsibility.Then, drawing on the theory of network governance,we propose the following countermeasures:diversification in network supply subject with a leading one,partnership trust and cooperation,and definite division of governance responsibility.%基于对当前供需矛盾的清醒认识基础上,借鉴网络化治理理论,积极寻找我国学前教育公共服务供给集体分担模式创新的有效路径。针对我国学前教育公共服务供给模式中存在的供给主体单一、主体间沟通行为缺乏和责任分工碎片化等具体问题进行了系统分析,并基于网络化治理的思路,从网络供给主体“一主多元”、伙伴关系信任合作、治理责任明确分工等方面入手,探索学前教育公共服务供给的治理路径。

  8. The Features and Experience of PHS and Its Enlightenment for Pre-school Education in China%美国“提前开端计划”的特征、经验及对我国学前教育的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑞瑞; 钟欣颖

    2012-01-01

    Project Head Start is the largest and longest federal preschool children program in America. The features of this program include: targeting the "disadvantaged children" as beneficiary, providing the comprehensive service based on the "whole child" philosophy, focusing on the child-parent intervention, rooting in community and empowering the poor. Project Head Start has faced challenges and developed itself since its start, responding to the social expectation of improving children' s cognitive development, maintaining the balance between empowering community and child development, strengthening its quality monitoring and accountability, smoothing the transition from Head Start to public schools. In reference to PHS' s experience, China should launch a comprehensive early childhood program for disadvantaged children, and encourage the evidence-based studies in the field of early childhood education.%“提前开端计划”是美国联邦政府投入最大、历史最悠久的早期儿童教育项目。该项目的基本特征包括:针对“处境不利儿童”,提供基于“全儿童”理念的综合服务;针对儿童和家长的两代人干预,植根社区且赋权穷人。从创办之初,提前开端计划一直在挑战中发展:回应政府提高儿童认知成就的期待、平衡“赋权社区”与“儿童发展”的张力、加强对项目质量的监管和问责、完善与公办学校系统的衔接。“提前开端计划”的经验为中国学前教育的发展提供了以下的启示:为弱势儿童提供综合性质的早期教育项目、将促进家长投入纳入学前教育的范畴、理性看待学前教育的功效、加强对早期儿童教育项目的实证研究。

  9. PLAY AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE IN CORECTIVE GYMNASTICS FOR PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grujo Bjeković

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available In present life conditions, especially in urban environment, children have very poor conditions for physical activities, or for movement in general. According to the new researches, working conditions and quality of work in nurseries and schools, especially if they are related to physical exercises, have certain influences on overall development of pre-school and school children. Childhood is ideal time for correction of numerous postural disturbances and deformities, whether they are congenital or acquired by injury, wrong body posture, or by poor nutrition. Playing is a power fultool for directing correct development of children, so very of ten it has to be adapted to age, capabilities, interests and needs of children.

  10. Pre-school visually impaired children: visual stimulation and micro-computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozic, N M; Hill, E W; Tobin, M J

    1993-01-01

    A justification is offered for using micro-computers and specially-designed programs with severely visually impaired pre-school children. It is argued that this technology optimizes the visual environment for the child and provides immediate feedback about the correctness of his responses to the stimuli displayed on the screen. Some of the problems encountered in such use are described, with examples taken from sessions in which teachers are working with children as young as 2 years of age, using teaching/learning sequences designed to promote and exercise visual perception skills. Among the issues addressed are the nature of the language interactions between child and adult, the effects of altering the complexity of the tasks, and the possible value of formal task analysis as a means of enabling the teacher to pinpoint critical stages in the learning process.

  11. Skeletal and occlusal characteristics in mouth-breathing pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattar, Sara Elisa M; Anselmo-Lima, Wilma T; Valera, Fabiana C P; Matsumoto, Mirian A N

    2004-01-01

    This study verified the influence of chronic mouth breathing on dentofacial growth and developmental in pre-school children. The study evaluated 73 children, both sexes, ranging from 3 to 6 years of age. After the otorhinolaryngological breathing diagnosis, 44 mouth-breathing children and 29 nasal-breathing children were compared according to facial and occlusal characteristics. The skeletal pattern measurements SN.GoGn, BaN.PtGn, PP.PM, Ar-Go, S-Go indicated a tendency to mouth-breathing children presenting a dolicofacial pattern. According to occlusal characteristics, only the intermolar distance showed a significant correlation with a narrow maxillary arch in mouth-breathing subjects. Based on the results of this study, mouth-breathing can influence craniofacial and occlusal development early in childhood.

  12. Religious feelings in pre-school children in their own and their mothers’ perception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatala Małgorzata

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to compare the expression of religious feelings in pre-school children and the perception of these feelings by the children’s’ mothers. Ninety Polish children from Catholic families aged 4, 5 and 6 participated in the study. A picture method along with interviews with children’s mothers were employed to gather the data. Data from the two sources was compared, taking into consideration the content and ways of expression of the described feelings. Relations between positive and negative feelings were investigated and further statistical analyses were focused mainly on negative feelings. It was found that structure of negative religious feelings obtained directly from the children bears significant similarity to the mothers’ perception.

  13. Thinking and Analyzing on Domestic English Teaching Modes for Pre-school Children%国内幼儿英语教学模式深层研究分析及思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永仙

    2011-01-01

    文章采用文献计量法分析了49篇硕、博论文中有关幼儿英语的研究现状,结果表明国内有关幼儿英语教学的深层次研究近5年来得到了广泛而深入的开展。同时文章对幼儿英语教学模式深层研究内容进行分析,结果表明三种常规幼儿英语教学模式中的浸入式教学模式较适合我国国情,可以广泛采用。另外文章对如何将浸入式教学模式运用到幼儿英语教学中进行了思考。%Calculating analysis is used to analyze the research situation on pre-school English education in 49 Doctoral and Master Dissertations, it turns out that deep studies on pre-school English teaching in China has been widely and deeply done in the past five years. By analyzing the contents of deep studies on the English teaching modes for pre-school children, it turns out that among the three regular modes, the Immersion Teaching is relatively suitable for China, and thus it can be widely adopted in teaching English for children. In addition, some suggestions are put forward on conducting English Immersion Teaching for pre-school children.

  14. Survey on Needs of Training for Parents of Pre-school Children with Autism in Beijing, China%北京市学前孤独症儿童家长培训需求调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷长芬; 刘洋

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the needs and related factors of training for parents of pre-school children with autism in Beijing. Methods From March to June, 2013, 154 parents of pre-school children with autism in Beijing were investigated with questionnaire. Re-sults The parents of pre-school children with autism needed a wide range of training, especially the professional guidance and cooperation. The degree of education of parents and the gender of children associated with the content of the training. Conclusion The parents of pre-school children with autism need a wide range of training, especially the professional guidance and cooperation.%目的 了解北京市0~6岁孤独症儿童家长培训需求的现状及其影响因素.方法 2013年3~6月,采用问卷调查法对154名学龄前孤独症儿童家长进行问卷调查.结果 北京市0~6岁孤独症儿童家长在各维度都呈现出高培训需求,其中对专业指导与专业合作需求显著高于其他教育培训需求.家长的文化程度和儿童性别对家长培训的内容有显著影响.结论 学前孤独症儿童家长培训需求迫切,尤其是在专业指导与专业合作方面的需求强烈.

  15. Time trends in socio-economic factors and risk of hospitalisation with infectious diseases in pre-school children 1985-2004

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Biering-Sørensen, Sofie; Søndergaard, Grethe; Vitting Andersen, Karen

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine socio-economic differences in the risk of hospitalisation among children aged 0-5 years in Denmark from 1985 to 2004. All children born between 1985 and 2004 (n=1,278,286) were followed for hospital admissions for infectious diseases from the 29th day...... of life until the children reached the age of 6 years or the end of 2004, whichever came first. Information on parental socio-economic position (education, labour market attachment and household income) was gathered through record linkage with administrative registries. Infections were grouped into upper....... The association between socio-economic status and hospitalisation was strongest for lower respiratory, gastrointestinal and ear infections. This study documented a socially patterned hospitalisation of pre-school children in Denmark. Future studies should investigate possible explanations for the increased risk...

  16. The Effect of Social Skills Training on Decreasing the Aggression of Pre-school Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Davood Hosseini-Nasab

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Social skills training (SST aims to increase the ability to perform key social behaviors that are important in achieving success in social situations. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of social skills intervention for aggressive pre-school children. Method: The sample consisted of 25 children (13 for the experimental group, 12 for the control group. Children in intervention and Control groups were assessed by parent ratings, teacher ratings at-home and kindergarten. Assessments were made at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and three-month follow-ups. The assessment battery consisted of the social skills rating system-teacher form, teacher-rated aggression, and intelligence test. These skills were carried out in 11 sessions and on two stages and were taught twice a week. Results: Significant results emerged with respect to aggression and social skill levels. With respect to parent ratings, aggressive behaviors decreased more so in the treatment group than the control group. In addition, social skills significantly increased between post-treatment and follow-ups in the treatment group compare to the control group. In other words, teacher ratings of social behavior showed improvement over time. Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that aggression would decrease in the treatment group largely over time than the control group. Several directions for future research are discussed, including the addition of more sessions to the curriculum, a parent-involvement component, and a contingency management program. It would also be helpful to evaluate SST in a larger number of pre-school centers and to extend follow-up assessments beyond three months periods.

  17. Dietary intake of four artificial sweeteners by Irish pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martyn, Danika M; Nugent, Anne P; McNulty, Breige A; O'Reilly, Emer; Tlustos, Christina; Walton, Janette; Flynn, Albert; Gibney, Michael J

    2016-01-01

    In spite of rigorous pre- and post-market reviews of safety, there remains a high level of debate regarding the use of artificial sweeteners in foods. Young children are of particular interest when assessing food chemical exposure as a result of their unique food consumption patterns and comparatively higher exposure to food chemicals on a body weight basis when compared with the general population. The present study examined the intakes of four intense sweeteners (acesulfame K, aspartame, saccharin, sucralose) in the diets of children aged 1-4 years using food consumption and sweetener presence data from the Irish National Pre-school Nutrition Survey (2010-11) and analytical data for sweetener concentration in foods obtained from a national testing programme. Four exposure assessment scenarios were conducted using the available data on sweetener occurrence and concentration. The results demonstrated that the mean daily intakes for all four sweeteners were below the acceptable daily intake (ADI) (17-31%), even considering the most conservative assumptions regarding sweetener presence and concentration. High consumer intakes (P95) were also below the ADI for the four sweeteners when more realistic estimates of exposure were considered. Both sweetener occurrence and concentration data had a considerable effect on reducing the estimated intake values, with a combined reduction in intakes of 95% when expressed as a proportion of the ADI. Flavoured drinks were deemed to be a key contributor to artificial sweetener intakes in this population cohort. It was concluded that there is no health risk to Irish pre-school children at current dietary intake levels of the sweeteners studied.

  18. FY16 Progress Report on Test Results In Support Of Integrated EPP and SMT Design Methods Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Yanli [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Jetter, Robert I. [RI Jetter Consulting, Pebble Beach, CA (United States); Sham, T. -L. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)

    2016-08-08

    The proposed integrated Elastic Perfectly-Plastic (EPP) and Simplified Model Test (SMT) methodology consists of incorporating an SMT data-based approach for creep-fatigue damage evaluation into the EPP methodology to avoid using the creep-fatigue interaction diagram (the D diagram) and to minimize over-conservatism while properly accounting for localized defects and stress risers. To support the implementation of the proposed code rules and to verify their applicability, a series of thermomechanical tests have been initiated. This report presents the recent test results for Type 2 SMT specimens on Alloy 617, Pressurization SMT on Alloy 617, Type 1 SMT on Gr. 91, and two-bar thermal ratcheting test results on Alloy 617 with a new thermal loading profile.

  19. Evaluation of an Oral Health Promotion Program Designed for Pre-School Children in Ameneh Orphan Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parisa Aref

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: High level of caries was reported in pre-school children at the national level. Due to importance of focusing on high-risk children, this study was carried out to evaluate an oral health promotion program designed for Ameneh orphan center.Materials and Methods: Two centers were chosen and assigned to intervention (Ameneh orphan center and comparison (Shobeir orphan center. Dental examination has been carried out using dental mirror and blunt probe under artificial light and dmfs index was recorded. Health promotion program including topical fluoride application after dental treatment as well as power point education session for caregivers was delivered in intervention group. Children in the other center were only received routine dental treatment. Data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney and regression tests.Results: 79 children in the intervention group and 51 children in comparison group were evaluated in the study. The mean age of children in the intervention group was 4.7 (SD=1.6 and in the comparison group was 4.6 (SD=1.2. The dmfs index in the intervention and comparison groups was 6.86±10.23 and 8.75±12.42 (NS, respectively. The mean dmfs after intervention in the intervention group was 7.93±11.21 and in the control group was 9.88±12.51, which showed no significant difference (P>0.05. Comparison in subgroups showed that the mean dmfs in the group received fluoride varnish in addition to complete dental treatment was significantly less than the comparison group (P<0.05. Controlling the effect of baseline caries and age on the outcome variable with regression analysis showed that the effect of baseline caries should be considered when comparing two groups.Conclusion: Oral health promotion programs including topical fluoride application can be used in high-risk groups of children.

  20. Detection and visualization of non-linear structures in large datasets using Exploratory Projection Pursuit Laboratory (EPP-Lab software

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souad Larabi Marie-Sainte

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article consists of using biologically inspired algorithms in order to detect potentially interesting structures in large and multidimensional data sets. Data exploration and the detection of interesting structures are based on the use of Projection Pursuit that involves the definition and the optimization of an index associated with each direction or projection. The optimization of a projection index should provide a set of multiple optima that is expected to correspond to interesting graphical representations in low dimensional space. The implementation of the bio-inspired algorithms along with the projection pursuit develops a new software called EPP-Lab. Projection pursuit is widely used in different scientific domains (biology, pharmacy, bioinformatics, biometry, etc but not widely present in the well-known softwares. EPP-Lab is dedicated to recognize and visualize clusters and outlying observations on one dimension from high dimensional and multivariate data sets. It includes different statistical techniques for results analysis. It provides several features and gives the user the option to adjust the parameters of the selected bio-inspired methods or to use defaults values. EPP-Lab is a unique software for detection, visualization and analysis of non-linear structures. The performance of this tool has been validated by testing different real and simulated data sets.

  1. Organization of Physical Activities as a Precondition of Quality Development of Motor Abilities of Pre-School and School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markovic, Živorad; Kopas-Vukašinovic, Emina

    2015-01-01

    In their work authors consider the significance of the organization of physical activities for the development of abilities of pre-school and school children. Led by theoretical basis that physical development of children represents the basis of their whole development, and that "fine motor skills" are determined by the development of…

  2. Efficacy of amaranth grain (Amaranthus cruentus) on anaemia and iron deficiency in Kenyan pre-school children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Macharia-Mutie, C.W.

    2012-01-01

    Background
    Adding iron rich foods such as amaranth grain flour or micronutrient powders (MNP) containing low doses of highly bioavailable iron (e.g. NaFeEDTA) could be options to control iron deficiency (ID) in pre-school children. However, data evaluating the impact of such food-to-food or

  3. Efficacy of amaranth grain (Amaranthus cruentus) on anaemia and iron deficiency in Kenyan pre-school children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Macharia-Mutie, C.W.

    2012-01-01

    Background
    Adding iron rich foods such as amaranth grain flour or micronutrient powders (MNP) containing low doses of highly bioavailable iron (e.g. NaFeEDTA) could be options to control iron deficiency (ID) in pre-school children. However, data evaluating the impact of such food-to-food or in

  4. Foundations of phonological awareness in pre-school children with cerebral palsy : the impact of intellectual disability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peeters, M.H.J.; Verhoeven, L.T.W.; Balkom, A.J.L.M. van; Moor, J.M.H. de

    2008-01-01

    Background Children with cerebral palsy (CP) and accompanying disabilities are prone to reading difficulties. The aim of the present study was to examine the foundations of phonological awareness in pre-school children with CP in comparison with a normally developing control group. Rhyme perception

  5. Foundations of phonological awareness in pre-school children with cerebral palsy: the impact of intellectual disability.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peeters, M.; Verhoeven, L.; Balkom, H. van; Moor, J. de

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) and accompanying disabilities are prone to reading difficulties. The aim of the present study was to examine the foundations of phonological awareness in pre-school children with CP in comparison with a normally developing control group. Rhyme perception

  6. The nutritional impact of the Pre-School Health Programme at three clinics in Central Province, Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoorweg, J.C.; Niemeijer, R.

    1980-01-01

    Abr. sum.: Contains an account of a study of the effects of the Pre-School Health Programme at three clinics in different ecological zones in Central Province, Kenya. Two groups of mothers were selected for interviewing: recent entrants and longtime participants. The study concentrates on the follow

  7. Foundations of phonological awareness in pre-school children with cerebral palsy : the impact of intellectual disability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peeters, M.H.J.; Verhoeven, L.T.W.; Balkom, A.J.L.M. van; Moor, J.M.H. de

    2008-01-01

    Background Children with cerebral palsy (CP) and accompanying disabilities are prone to reading difficulties. The aim of the present study was to examine the foundations of phonological awareness in pre-school children with CP in comparison with a normally developing control group. Rhyme perception

  8. Foundations of phonological awareness in pre-school children with cerebral palsy: the impact of intellectual disability.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peeters, M.; Verhoeven, L.; Balkom, H. van; Moor, J. de

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) and accompanying disabilities are prone to reading difficulties. The aim of the present study was to examine the foundations of phonological awareness in pre-school children with CP in comparison with a normally developing control group. Rhyme perception

  9. An Analysis of Irish Pre-School Practice and Pedagogy Using the Early Childhood Environmental Four Curricular Subscales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neylon, Gerardine

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of original research which applied the Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale Extension (ECERS/E) four Curricular Subscales in 26 pre-schools throughout Ireland to measure and assess the provision of literacy, maths, science and environment, and diversity as follows: inadequate, minimal, good or excellent. The…

  10. Organization of Physical Activities as a Precondition of Quality Development of Motor Abilities of Pre-School and School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markovic, Živorad; Kopas-Vukašinovic, Emina

    2015-01-01

    In their work authors consider the significance of the organization of physical activities for the development of abilities of pre-school and school children. Led by theoretical basis that physical development of children represents the basis of their whole development, and that "fine motor skills" are determined by the development of…

  11. Maternal self-confidence postpartum and at pre-school age: the role of depression, anxiety disorders, maternal attachment insecurity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zietlow, Anna-Lena; Schlüter, Myriam Kim; Nonnenmacher, Nora; Müller, Mitho; Reck, Corinna

    2014-10-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of maternal postpartum depression and/or anxiety disorders according to DMS-IV on maternal self-confidence throughout infancy and early childhood. Exploratively, associations between maternal attachment insecurity and maternal self-confidence at pre-school age were examined. The sample (N = 54) of this prospective longitudinal study was comprised of n = 27 women with postpartum depression and/or anxiety disorders according to DSM-IV criteria and n = 27 healthy women without present or history of mental health disorders or psychotherapy. Data was collected in the postpartum period (M = 60.08 days) and at pre-school age (M = 4.7 years). Subjects were recruited between 2004 and 2011 in South Germany. Data revealed a significant difference in maternal self-confidence between clinical and control group at child's pre-school age: Women with postpartum depression and/or anxiety disorder scored lower on maternal self-confidence than healthy controls, but only if they had current SCID-diagnoses or partly remitted symptoms. According to explorative analyses maternal attachment insecurity turned out to be the strongest predictor of maternal self-confidence at pre-school age besides maternal mental health status. The results emphasize the impact of attachment insecurity and maternal mental health regarding maternal self-confidence leading to potential adverse long-term consequences for the mother-child relationship. Attachment based interventions taking maternal self-confidence into account are needed.

  12. Pre school education teachers' perceptions of their administrators’ instructional leadership behaviors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eda Oktay Gürocak

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to explore the perceptions of preschool teachers in terms of their principals’ instructional leadership behaviors. Research is designed with a general scanning model. 162 preschool teachers chosen from a chain of a private school, from 12 provinces, constituted the study sample. "School Principals' Instructional Leadership Behaviors Survey", previously developed by Sisman (2004 was used as a tool for data collection.  Results of the study showed that perceptions of teachers' about their administrators' instructional leadership behaviors were found to be satisfactory. Teachers, who work in schools located in cities out of Istanbul appeared be more positive when compared to teachers, who work in Istanbul schools.

  13. Examining Pre-School Education Teacher Candidates' Content Knowledge and Pedagogical Content Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inan, Hatice Zeynep

    2010-01-01

    One of the requirements of the twenty-first century is raising a child who is an explorer and who can solve problems rather than being able to memorize facts. One of the indispensible foundations of exploring and problem-solving is having scientific process skills and being able to use them effectively. In order to raise little scientists with a…

  14. Psychosocial problems in pre-school children: Recognition and strategy applied by doctors and nurses in child health care objective. Abstract

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reijneveld, SA; Brugman, E; Verhulst, FC; Verloove-Vanhorick, SP

    2005-01-01

    Psychosocial problems in pre-school children: recognition and strategy applied by doctors and nurses in child health care Objective. To assess the degree to which preventive child health professionals (CHPs) identify and manage psychosocial problems among pre-school children in the general

  15. Interesting sequence differences between the pilin gene inversion regions of Moraxella lacunata ATCC 17956 and Moraxella bovis Epp63.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozsa, F W; Marrs, C F

    1991-07-01

    The bacterium Moraxella lacunata is a causative agent of human conjunctivitis and keratitis. We have previously reported construction of plasmid pMxL1, which includes a 5.9-kb fragment on which the pilin gene inversion region of M. lacunata resides. The inversion region of pMxL1 was shown to invert when pMxL1 was in an Escherichia coli host cell. In this report, we present Western immunoblot analysis using Moraxella bovis Epp63 anti-I and anti-Q pilin sera which demonstrate that pMxL1 makes pilin only when in orientation 1. The sequence of the pMxL1 plasmid containing the invertible region contains a perfect tandem repeat of 19 bp in the orientation 1 nonexpressed pilin gene at the middle of the recombination junction site. This 19-bp insert causes a frameshift and disrupts the pilin gene. The predicted amino acid sequence of this nonfunctional pilin gene (with the 19-bp repeat subtracted) bears closest resemblance to M. bovis Epp63 Q pilin sequence, although the other (functional) M. lacunata pilin encoded by pMxL1 shows slightly higher homology to Q pilin. Comparison of the pMxL1 sequence with that of the M. bovis Epp63 sequence shows two other particularly interesting differences. One is a 15-bp sequence addition found in pMxL1 at the 60-bp region previously reported as a possible M. bovis recombinational enhancer. The second is an AT deletion in pMxL1 compared with Epp63 within an open reading frame (tfpB) which results in the pMxL1 tfpB open reading frame being one-third shorter than in Epp63. The DNA sequences in these three altered regions from the M. lacunata strain from which pMxL1 was derived were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced. The parent strain was found to contain the differences seen in pMxL1. Comparison of the M.bovis and M. lacunata pilin gene amino acid sequences is also presented.

  16. Report on an Assessment of the Application of EPP Results from the Strain Limit Evaluation Procedure to the Prediction of Cyclic Life Based on the SMT Methodology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jetter, R. I. [R. I. Jetter Consulting, Pebble Beach, CA (United States); Messner, M. C. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Sham, T. -L. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Wang, Y. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2017-08-01

    The goal of the proposed integrated Elastic Perfectly-Plastic (EPP) and Simplified Model Test (SMT) methodology is to incorporate an SMT data based approach for creep-fatigue damage evaluation into the EPP methodology to avoid the separate evaluation of creep and fatigue damage and eliminate the requirement for stress classification in current methods; thus greatly simplifying evaluation of elevated temperature cyclic service. This methodology should minimize over-conservatism while properly accounting for localized defects and stress risers. To support the implementation of the proposed methodology and to verify the applicability of the code rules, analytical studies and evaluation of thermomechanical test results continued in FY17. This report presents the results of those studies. An EPP strain limits methodology assessment was based on recent two-bar thermal ratcheting test results on 316H stainless steel in the temperature range of 405 to 7050C. Strain range predictions from the EPP evaluation of the two-bar tests were also evaluated and compared with the experimental results. The role of sustained primary loading on cyclic life was assessed using the results of pressurized SMT data from tests on Alloy 617 at 9500C. A viscoplastic material model was used in an analytic simulation of two-bar tests to compare with EPP strain limits assessments using isochronous stress strain curves that are consistent with the viscoplastic material model. A finite element model of a prior 304H stainless steel Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) nozzle-to-sphere test was developed and used for an EPP strain limits and creep-fatigue code case damage evaluations. A theoretical treatment of a recurring issue with convergence criteria for plastic shakedown illustrated the role of computer machine precision in EPP calculations.

  17. IRON DEFICIENCY ANAEMIA AMONG PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN WITH SICKLE CELL ANAEMIA: STILL A RARE DIAGNOSIS?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olufemi Samuel Akodu

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: The frequent need for blood transfusion in children with SCA creates the impression that IDA is rare in this class of children. Objectives: The objective of the study is to determine the prevalence of IDA in a population of under-five children with SCA in Lagos, Nigeria. Methodology: Serum iron, total iron binding capacity, transferrin saturation and serum ferritin were assayed in 97 under-five children with SCA and 97 age/sex matched controls. The diagnosis of IDA was established based on the following criteria: haemoglobin <11.0 g/dl plus two or more of the following: MCV <70fl, transferrin saturation (Ts <16% or serum ferritin (SF <25ng/dL Results: Overall prevalence of IDA was significantly higher among AA controls. In the younger age group, the prevalence of IDA was significantly higher among HbAA controls while in the older age group the odds of having IDA was three times higher among HbSS subjects but the difference was not statistically significant. Two of the three SCA children with IDA have history of previous blood transfusion. Conclusion: IDA is uncommon in pre-school aged children with SCA. A multi-centre study is necessary to yield large number of transfused subjects to examine the effects of blood transfusion on prevalence of IDA.

  18. Worm infestation and anaemia among pre-school children of peasant farmers in Calabar, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anah, M U; Ikpeme, O E; Etuk, I S; Yong, K E; Ibanga, I; Asuquo, B E

    2008-09-01

    Worm infection and anaemia are common childhood conditions in Nigeria. We assessed the status of helminthiasis and associated anaemia among pre school children of peasant farmers aged 1-5 years living in a rubber plantation near Calabar, Nigeria. Cross sectional. Three hundred and fifty children were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling technique. Freshly passed stool was examined using Kato-Katz method while anaemia was estimated using haematocrit technique. Of the 350 children, 174 (49.7%) had intestinal helminths: Ascaris lumbricoides 64.4%, hookworms 10.9% and Trichuris trichuria 1.1%. There were 41(23.6%) children with polyparasitism, 33 of them were due to Ascaris lumbricoides and hookworms. The worm load was generally light in intensity with egg per gram of stool ranging from 24-60,960. Males (28.9%) were infected more than females (20.8%). The frequency of infection increases with age. The prevalence of anaemia among the entire study population and in those infected with worms was 56.6% and 56.9% respectively. With polyparasitism there was a relative increase in the frequency of anaemia females > males. Worm infections and anaemia are common in our children. A comprehensive control strategy involving good sanitation, sinking of bore hole for clean water supply and regular deworming exercises are recommended.

  19. Cephalic measures in normal pre-school children 3 to 7-years of age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. J. Diament

    1976-12-01

    Full Text Available In a study designed to determine standards for the Developmental Neurological Examination (DNE several measures of the head were also recorded. The study consisted in the examination of 200 children, half from each sex, 40 from each age group (3 to 7-years of age. These children were selected among 755 normal pre-school-age children, living in the city of São Paulo (Brazil. The criteria for selection were both anamnestic and clinic. The following measures of the head were recorded: cephalic perimeter, biauricular and antero-posterior distances (Diament, 1967. A new cephalic index (nCI was also determined (Diament, 1968. This index is useful in detecting changes in head shape mainly in cases of precocious cranioestenosis (Diament, 1968; Facure, 1972. The statistical analysis consisted in determining means and standard errors for each measure. For the new cephalic index it was shown through the Kruskal-Wallis test that there were no significant difference between age and sex. Therefore we considered all groups together to find out the tolerance region for the new index which turned out to be given by the interval: 0.848-1.002. This result is based in 186 cases since 14 were excluded because of some problems in the recording process. Therefore we expect with a confidence of 95% that the above interval covers 90% of the population, in the 3 to 7 years age-groups independently of sex.

  20. Iron deficiency anaemia among apparently healthy pre-school children in Lagos, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akodu, Olufemi S; Disu, Elizabeth A; Njokanma, Olisamedua F; Kehinde, Omolara A

    2016-03-01

    Iron deficiency, and specifically iron deficiency anaemia, remains one of the most severe and important nutritional deficiencies in the world today. To estimate the prevalence and associated factors for iron deficiency anaemia among pre-school children in Lagos. The study was conducted from December 2009 to February 2010 at the outpatient clinics of Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Lagos. Serum iron, total iron binding capacity, transferrin saturation and serum ferritin were assayed in subjects. The primary outcome measured was iron deficiency anaemia established based on the following criteria: hemoglobin iron depletion and this child belonged to the ≤ 2 years age category. None of the recruited subjects had iron deficiency without anaemia. Nine of the study subjects (10.11%) had iron deficiency anaemia. The prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia was significantly higher among younger age group than in the older age group (19.1% Vs 2.1%, p = 0.022). The prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia was significantly higher among subjects with weight-for-age, and weight-for-height Z scores below two standard scores (83.3% and 75.0% respectively, p = iron deficiency anaemia among study subjects was 10.11%. Iron deficiency anaemia was more common in children aged two years and below. Weight-for-age and weight-for-height Z scores below minus two standard scores were strongly associated with iron deficiency anaemia.

  1. Educating for Peace in the Midst of Violence: A South African Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxwell, Anne-Marie; Enslin, Penny; Maxwell, Tudor

    2004-01-01

    How do we educate for peace in a context of pervasive social violence? This paper explores this question as it presents the development and evaluation of a South African peace education programme at pre-school level. The programme comprised a pre-school curriculum and a teacher development course and was developed in conjunction with a team of…

  2. Development and cognitive functions in Saudi pre-school children with feeding problems without underlying medical disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegazi, Moustafa A; Sehlo, Mohammad G; Al-Jasir, Albandari; El-Deek, Basem S

    2015-09-01

    This study was conducted to assess development and cognitive functions in relation to growth in Saudi pre-school children with feeding problems (FPs) without underlying medical disorders. Three hundred fifteen pre-school children with FPs (221 with normal growth (FP-N), 62 with failure to thrive (FTT) (FP-FTT), 32 with overweight (FP-OW)) and 100 healthy children (Ref group) underwent in-depth assessment by anthropometric measurements, dietetic history, Behavioral Pediatrics Feeding Assessment Scale, Denver Developmental Screening test (DDST) and Stanford Binet fifth edition intelligence scales (SB-5). The main FPs detected in Saudi children were picky eating in 85.5% of FP-N group, infantile anorexia and poor eating in more than 90% of FP-FTT group and overeating in 53% of FP-OW group. FPs were not due to evident psychosocial factors but were mostly related to unhealthy feeding behaviours. FP-N children were still having normal growth parameters, but they had significantly lower growth parameters than healthy children. Failed screening with DDST was only more significantly recorded in FP-FTT children than in Ref children (P = 0.04). The overall IQ value by SB-5 was significantly lower in FP-FTT group compared with FP-N group (P = 0.01), in FP-FTT group compared with Ref group (P cognitive functions of pre-school children. Healthy feeding habits are mandatory to prevent serious consequences of FPs on growth and development of Saudi pre-school children. © 2015 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2015 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).

  3. Associations between preschool attendance and developmental impairments in pre-school children in a six-year retrospective survey

    OpenAIRE

    Baune Bernhard T; Stich Heribert L; Caniato Riccardo N; Krämer Alexander

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background Many school-aged children suffer physical and mental impairments which can adversely affect their development and result in significant morbidity. A high proportion of children in western countries attend pre-school, and it is likely that the preschool environment influences the prevalence and severity of these impairments. Currently there is insufficient data available on the prevalence of these impairments and their causal associations. The influence that location of a p...

  4. Effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride and sodium fluoride varnish in arresting dentin caries in Chinese pre-school children

    OpenAIRE

    Chu, CH; Lo, ECM; Lin, HC

    2002-01-01

    Untreated dental caries in Chinese pre-school children is common. This prospective controlled clinical trial investigated the effectiveness of topical fluoride applications in arresting dentin caries. Three hundred seventy-five children, aged 3-5 years, with carious upper anterior teeth were divided into five groups. Children in the first and second groups received annual applications of silver diamine fluoride solution (44,800 ppm F). Sodium fluoride varnish (22,600 ppm F) was applied every ...

  5. Interventional three-year longitudinal study of melanocytic naevus development in pre-school children in Dresden, Saxony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wollina, Uwe; Helm, Catherine; Bennewitz, Annett; Koch, Rainer; Schaff, Kathrin; Burroni, Marco

    2014-01-01

    Acquired melanocytic naevi (MN) are considered a risk factor for melanoma. Exposure to ultraviolet light (UV) is the major environmental factor for MN. UV protection is most critical in pre-school children. This 3-year interventional longitudinal study examined 395 3-year-old children attending daycare centres (DCC) in Dresden, Germany. Photo-skin type, eye and hair colour were recorded. DCC were randomly assigned to a control group and a behavioural intervention group. All children had a regular naevus check-up, including digital objective analysis with Dell'Eva-Burroni Dermoscopy Melanoma Image Processing Software (DB-MIPS) technology. Parents of children in the intervention group received additional guidance for sun-protection. The mean total MN counts of both groups at the start of the study period were 7.19 ± 4.55 (intervention) and 6.84 ± 4.63 (control), respectively. There was a significant increase in MN counts for both groups (mean 12.5 and 13.8). Subgroup analysis for skin type, eye colour, and hair colour did not demonstrate a significant influence on MN counts. The DB-MIPS integrated classifier revealed no risky lesions while analysing their patterns. Intervention did not reduce the number of newly acquired MN. MN counts in pre-school children were approximately 5 times higher than expected from previous large studies in Germany. This is the first study in pre-school children using objective digital image analysis of pigmented lesions. No atypical lesions were observed. New approaches to UV protection in pre-school children are now required.

  6. Interesting sequence differences between the pilin gene inversion regions of Moraxella lacunata ATCC 17956 and Moraxella bovis Epp63.

    OpenAIRE

    1991-01-01

    The bacterium Moraxella lacunata is a causative agent of human conjunctivitis and keratitis. We have previously reported construction of plasmid pMxL1, which includes a 5.9-kb fragment on which the pilin gene inversion region of M. lacunata resides. The inversion region of pMxL1 was shown to invert when pMxL1 was in an Escherichia coli host cell. In this report, we present Western immunoblot analysis using Moraxella bovis Epp63 anti-I and anti-Q pilin sera which demonstrate that pMxL1 makes p...

  7. [Comparative analysis of the efficacy of a playful-narrative program to teach mathematics at pre-school level].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil Llario, M D; Vicent Catalá, Consuelo

    2009-02-01

    Comparative analysis of the efficacy of a playful-narrative program to teach mathematics at pre-school level. In this paper, the effectiveness of a programme comprising several components that are meant to consolidate mathematical concepts and abilities at the pre-school level is analyzed. The instructional methodology of this programme is compared to other methodologies. One-hundred 5-6 year-old children made up the sample that was distributed in the following conditions: (1) traditional methodology; (2) methodology with perceptual and manipulative components, and (3) methodology with language and playful components. Mathematical competence was assessed with the Mathematical Criterial Pre-school Test and the subtest of quantitative-numeric concepts of BADyG. Participants were evaluated before and after the academic course during which they followed one of these methodologies. The results show that the programme with language and playful components is more effective than the traditional methodology (p<.000) and also more effective than the perceptual and manipulative methodology (p<.000). Implications of the results for instructional practices are analyzed.

  8. Effectiveness of Sand-Therapy on the Attenuation of Separation anxiety Signs in Pre-School Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arghavan Shariat

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: The present research was conducted with the aim of determining effect of Sand-therapy on the attenuation of separation anxiety signs among pre-school children in Isfahan, Iran. Methods: The statistical society consists of all pre-school children who had separation anxiety disorder and Among100 children, 30 persons were selected using available sampling. The method of this research is quasi-experimental with one group and pre-test and post-test plan. After performing pre-test of separation anxiety disorder scale, the experimental group were trained under sand-therapy training in 10 sessions of 60 minutes for a period of two months and after that, post-test of separation anxiety disorder scale was performed. The research tool consists of the questionnaire CSI-4 of child’s morbid signs. Wilcoxon method was used to analysis the results. Results: The research findings showed that there was a meaningful different (P=0.008 between pre- test & post-test scores of anxiety signs for study group.Conclusion: As a practical message, we can mention that sand therapy is as an interesting and practical playing for the children and it is a meaningful therapy related to attenuation of separation anxious signs.Keywords: Sand therapy, separation anxiety, pre-school-children

  9. Recruitment and participation in pre-school and school-based fluoride varnish pilots - the South Central experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckingham, S; John, J H

    2013-09-01

    To assess recruitment and participation within seven school/pre-school-based programmes for fluoride varnish applications. Year-long pilots were undertaken in six primary schools (ages four to seven years) and one pre-school (ages three to four years). Three applications of fluoride varnish were carried out coinciding with the three school terms. In spite of intensive recruitment efforts, only 78% of the total 589 children were enrolled in the pilot; 15% had to be excluded because no response could be obtained from their parents. At the end of 12 months, 79% of enrolled children (62% of total) had received all three applications. Children did not receive applications because they were absent on the days when the dental team were carrying out the screening or fluoride varnish applications, were ill, or because the child refused. The highest refusal rate was in the pre-school. Younger children need to be targeted if improvement in the oral health of five-year-olds is to be achieved, the only dental measure in the Public Health Outcomes Framework, but they were less likely to cooperate. More research is needed on approaches to maximise participation in community programmes such as this, if they are to achieve significant population-level improvements in child dental health.

  10. Summary of: recruitment and participation in pre-school and school-based fluoride varnish pilots - the South Central experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drugan, Caroline

    2013-09-01

    To assess recruitment and participation within seven school/pre-school-based programmes for fluoride varnish applications. Year-long pilots were undertaken in six primary schools (ages four to five years) and one pre-school (aged three years). Three applications of fluoride varnish were carried out coinciding with the three school terms. In spite of intensive recruitment efforts, only 78% of the total 589 children were enrolled in the pilot; 15% had to be excluded because no response could be obtained from their parents. At the end of 12 months, 79% of enrolled children (62% of total) had received all three applications. Children did not receive applications because they were absent on the days when the dental team were carrying out the screening or fluoride varnish applications, were ill, or because the child refused. The highest refusal rate was in the pre-school. Younger children need to be targeted if improvement in the oral health of five-year-olds is to be achieved, the only dental measure in the Public Health Outcomes Framework, but they were less likely to cooperate. More research is needed on approaches to maximise participation in community programmes such as this, if they are to achieve significant population-level improvements in child dental health.

  11. Anemia and nutritional status of pre-school children in Kerala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, K A; Kumar, N S; Lal, J J; Sreedevi, R

    2000-08-01

    A study on the pattern of anemia and its relation to nutritional status and dietary habits was conducted among 3633 pre-school children of 108 selected anganwadi centers in rural areas of Kerala State during the period 1996 to 1998. Children were invited with their parent or guardian. Capillary blood was collected from each child and hemoglobin was estimated by cyanomethemoglobin method. Weight and height of children were taken for assessing their nutritional status. The information regarding their age, sex, clinical condition and dietary habits was collected in a performa through an interview. Chi-square test was used to assess the relationship of anemia to sex, dietary habits, and nutritional status. For multivariate analysis logistic regression model was employed. The prevalence of anemia was 11.4%. The percentage of anemic children among male and female children was 10.25 and 12.55 respectively and statistical analysis showed that female children were more susceptible to anemia. Normal nutritional status was seen among 46.7% of the children. When 187 (11.78%) of the mild undernourished children were anemic, the percentage anemic among the moderate undernourished children was 57 (16.37%). Moderate under nutrition and anemia showed a significant association. Anemia was reported among both vegetarians and non-vegetarians. Among 927 vegetarians, 86 (9.27%) were anemic and among 2,706 non-vegetarians, 328 (12.1%) were anemic. Dietary survey revealed that, consumption of iron sources, whether haem or non-haem, was below the recommended level. Undernutrition can be attributed as the major reason for nutritional anemia. Changes in eating behaviour could have potentially affected the iron bio-availability.

  12. CT identification of abdominal injuries in abused pre-school-age children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hilmes, Melissa A.; Hernanz-Schulman, Marta; Kan, J.H. [Vanderbilt Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Nashville, TN (United States); Greeley, Christopher S. [University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Department of Pediatrics, Houston, TX (United States); Piercey, Lisa M. [Vanderbilt Children' s Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Nashville, TN (United States); Yu, Chang [Vanderbilt University, Department of Biostatistics, Nashville, TN (United States)

    2011-05-15

    Although the abdominopelvic CT findings of abdominal trauma in children have been described, little has been written about the subset of children who are victims of abuse. Our purpose is to describe abdominopelvic injuries in abused pre-school-age children as identified on CT. An IRB-approved retrospective review of our institutional child abuse registry was performed. Searching a 14-year period, we identified 84 children {<=} 5 years of age with medically diagnosed abuse who underwent CT. We reviewed imaging studies, operative reports, autopsy findings and patient outcomes. Consensus review of the CT examinations was performed by CAQ-certified pediatric radiologists, and findings were categorized as normal or by injury types (solid organ versus bowel). The injuries were analyzed in light of existing literature on pediatric accidental and non-accidental injuries. Of the 84 children, 35 (41.7%) had abdominal injuries. Abdominal injuries included liver (15), bowel (13), mesentery (4), spleen (6), kidneys (7), pancreas (4) and adrenal glands (3). Of these children, 26% (9/35) required surgical intervention for bowel, mesenteric and pancreatic injuries. Another 9/35 children died, not as a result of abdominal injuries but as a direct result of inflicted intracranial injuries. Our data indicate that abdominal injuries in abused children present in a pattern similar to that of children with accidental abdominal trauma, underscoring the need for vigilance and correlative historical and clinical data to identify victims of abuse. Mortality in abused children with intra-abdominal injury was frequently related to concomitant head injury. (orig.)

  13. Predominance of Giardia lamblia assemblage A among iron deficiency anaemic pre-school Egyptian children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussein, Eman M; Zaki, Wafaa M; Ahmed, Shahira A; Almatary, Amal M; Nemr, Nader I; Hussein, Abdalla M

    2016-04-01

    Intestinal parasites and nutritional deficiency can coexist and influence each other. This study aimed to clarify the association between Giardia genotypes and presence of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) among pre-school Egyptian children. Two groups (IDA and non-anaemic) of giardiasis children (44/group) were selected according to their recovery response after treatment of giardiasis. Each group included 24 and 20 gastrointestinal symptomatic and asymptomatic, respectively. Giardia human genotypes were performed by intergenic spacer (IGS) gene based polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with high-resolution melting curve (HRM). PCR/HRM proved that Tms of assemblage A and B ranged from 79.31 ± 0.29 to 84.77 ± 0.31. In IDA patients, assemblages A and B were found among 40/44 (90.9 %) and 4/44 (9.1 %), respectively, while in non-anaemic patients, assemblages A and B were found in 10/44 (22.7 %) and 32/44 (72.7 %), respectively, beside two (4.6 %) cases had mixed infection. The difference was statistically significant. No significant relation was found between symptomatic or asymptomatic assemblages and IDA as assemblage A was found in 21/24 (87.5 %) and 19/20 (95 %) of symptomatic and asymptomatic, respectively, while 3/24 (12.5 %) and 1/20 (5 %) of assemblage B were symptomatic was asymptomatic, respectively. A significant relation was found between assemblage A subtypes distribution among IDA patients as AI and AII were detected on 23 (52.3 %) and 16 (36.4 %) of patients, respectively, while one case (2.3 %) had mixed infection. In conclusion, assemblage A is predominant among IDA giardiasis children suggesting its role in enhancing the occurrence of IDA while B has a protective role.

  14. Objective measurement of posture and posture transitions in the pre-school child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Gwyneth; Reilly, John J; Paton, James Y

    2012-11-01

    Recent evidence suggests that between-individual variation in posture and posture transitions may have important health consequences in adults. The early life development of between-individual variation in posture and posture transitions has not been studied, and the physiological consequences of such variations in childhood are unknown, largely because of the absence of objective methods for measuring posture and posture transitions in young children. This study aimed to examine the objective measurement of posture transitions in pre-school children with the activPAL™ monitor (PAL Technologies, Glasgow). Single-unit activity monitors such as the activPAL™ have a limited output, with data categorized as 'sit/lie', 'stand' or 'walk' and the consequences of this for measurement of posture transitions in young children are unknown. Thirty children (mean age 4.1 years) were videoed for 1 h in nursery while wearing an activPAL™. Video was analysed on a second-by-second basis, with all postures categorized. From direct observation, time spent was sit/lie 46%; stand 35%; walk/run 16%; 3% was spent in heterogeneous non-sit/lie/upright postures (crawl, crouch, and kneel up). Despite these 'non-standard' postures being responsible for a low proportion of time, posture transitions involving them contributed to 34% of total transitions. There was a significant rank-order correlation (r = 0.79, p posture transitions measured by activPAL™ and by direct observation. 'Non-standard' postures in young children are probably not a problem if the aim is to measure total time sedentary or active, and the activPAL™ may measure between-individual variation in transitions adequately in young children. However, non-standard postures may present problems for the detailed characterization of posture transitions in early childhood.

  15. Common household chemicals and the allergy risks in pre-school age children.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyunok Choi

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The risk of indoor exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs on allergic airway diseases in children remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: We examined the residential concentrations of VOCs, emitted from building materials, paints, furniture, and other lifestyle practices and the risks of multiple allergic diseases as well as the IgE-sensitization in pre-school age children in Sweden. METHODS: In a case-control investigation (198 case children with asthma and allergy and 202 healthy controls, air samples were collected in the room where the child slept. The air samples were analyzed for the levels of eight classes of VOCs. RESULTS: A natural-log unit of summed propylene glycol and glycol ethers (PGEs in bedroom air (equal to interquartile range, or 3.43 - 15.65 µg/m(3 was associated with 1.5-fold greater likelihood of being a case (95% CI, 1.1 - 2.1, 1.5-fold greater likelihood of asthma (95% CI, 1.0 - 2.3, 2.8-fold greater likelihood of rhinitis (95% CI, 1.6 - 4.7, and 1.6-fold greater likelihood of eczema (95% CI, 1.1 - 2.3, accounting for gender, secondhand smoke, allergies in both parents, wet cleaning with chemical agents, construction period of the building, limonene, cat and dog allergens, butyl benzyl phthalate (BBzP, and di(2-ethylhexylphthalate (DEHP. When the analysis was restricted to the cases, the same unit concentration was associated with 1.8-fold greater likelihood of IgE-sensitization (95% CI, 1.1 - 2.8 compared to the non-IgE sensitized cases. No similar associations were found for the other classes of VOCs. CONCLUSION: We propose a novel hypothesis that PGEs in indoor air exacerbate and/or induce the multiple allergic symptoms, asthma, rhinitis and eczema, as well as IgE sensitization respectively.

  16. Integrated speech and phonological awareness intervention for pre-school children with Down syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Bysterveldt, Anne Katherine; Gillon, Gail; Foster-Cohen, Susan

    2010-01-01

    Children with Down syndrome experience difficulty with both spoken and written language acquisition, however controlled intervention studies to improve these difficulties are rare and have typically focused on improving one language domain. To investigate the effectiveness of an integrated intervention approach on the speech, letter knowledge, and phonological awareness development of ten pre-school children with Down syndrome aged between 4;4 and 5;5. A multiple single-subject design was used to evaluate treatment effectiveness. Baseline and intervention measures for speech and pre- and post-intervention measures for letter knowledge and phonological awareness were compared. The intervention comprised three components: a parent-implemented home programme; centre-based speech-language therapy sessions, and 'Learning through Computer' sessions with a total intervention time of 20 hours over 18 weeks. Letter knowledge and phonological awareness activities were linked to each child's speech targets. Results indicated significant treatment effects on speech measures for all ten participants. Six of the ten participants showed increases on letter knowledge and nine showed increased awareness of initial phonemes in words but responses were not above binomial chance level (that is, 70% correct) for phonological awareness tasks. Individual results are presented and implications for parents and therapists are discussed. The findings of this study suggest an intervention approach that integrates speech, letter knowledge, and phonological awareness targets is effective in remediating speech error patterns at the single-word level in young children with Down syndrome. Phonological awareness and letter knowledge appeared to be stimulated through the intervention, but significant improvement above chance levels on untrained phonological awareness tasks was not evident. Follow-up investigation is necessary to determine longer-term outcomes.

  17. VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT OF KINDERGARTEN STUDENTS OF APPLE TREE PRE-SCHOOL SAMARINDA BY USING FLASHCARDS

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    Nadia Mustika Rachmita

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:This present study aimed to investigate 14 kindergarten students of Apple Tree pre-school Samarinda with various ability toward their English vocabularies development by flashcards. A Class Action Research was applied in this study. The data was collected through observation checklist, sequence of cycles and interview transcript. Then, building on the analysis of the collected data, it further discusses the vocabulary development of YL and provides suggestions for TEYL. This study revealed that; (1 most of the students developed their English vocabularies gradually by flashcards. (2 These result indicated that TEYL especially kindergarten students by using flashcards could give significant vocabularies development in learning process. Flashcards is one of the simplest and effective teaching materials for teaching YL vocabulary due to the fact that flashcards are categorized based on themes with full colored pictures which attractive for YL. As this study showed the students were engaged with the topics given since the teachers used flashcards to teach English vocabulary. It was difficult to make engagement with YL in English teaching and learning because YL have different mood, self-motivation, and self-confidence which influenced to the willingness in grasping the lesson. Finally, through this based-picture learning, the students indicated that their progress in vocabulary development although this phenomena was commonly happened in TEFL for YL that lead to teaching method done by English teachers who are required to do more innovation toward their teaching method, to develop sufficient knowledge and to use proper teaching media.        

  18. Dental health of aboriginal pre-school children in Brisbane, Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seow, W K; Amaratunge, A; Bennett, R; Bronsch, D; Lai, P Y

    1996-06-01

    This investigation studied the dental health status of a group of 184 Australian Aboriginal children with a mean age of 4.4 +/- 0.8 years, who were attending pre-schools in metropolitan Brisbane, a non-fluoridated state capital city. The DDE (Developmental Defects of Enamel) Index was used to chart enamel hypoplasia and enamel opacities. WHO criteria was used to diagnose dental caries. The results showed that 98% of children had at least one tooth showing developmental enamel defects. Each child had a mean of 3.8 +/- 1.7 teeth affected by enamel hypoplasia and another 1.1 +/- 0.8 teeth affected by enamel opacity. Seventy-eight percent of the children had dental caries. The mean number of decayed, missing, filled teeth (dmft) per child was 3.8 +/- 3.7. The decayed component constituted 3.5 (95%) of the mean dmft, indicating a high unmet restorative need in this group. The mean dmfs (decayed, missing, filled, surfaces) was 5.9 +/- 7.3. Maxillary anterior labial decay of at least one tooth affected 43 (23%) of the children. In this sub-group, the dmft and dmfs was 9.1 +/- 2.8 and 15.4 +/- 7.7 respectively. Oral debris was found in 98% of the children. It is hypothesized that the high levels of underlying developmental enamel defects, compounded by low fluoride exposure, poor oral hygiene and a diet high in refined sugars pose an important caries risk factor in this group of children.

  19. The role of pre-school children motor behavior in developing their self-concept

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    Perić Dušan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The assessment of motor behavior and general intellectual abilities were performed on a sample of 42 pre-school children (22 boys and 20 girls aged 6 (±3 months; moreover, the self-concept of those children was analysed. For the assessment of their motor behavior six movement tasks were chosen and the Mary Gutrich scale was applied for the analysis of the results. The children's intellectual abilities were assessed by the means of Raven's colored progressive matrices so as to enable the groups to homogenise, as well as to eliminate potential parasite factors when drawing conclusions. The self-concept analysis was performed using the pshychological interview during the course of which the children described their impression of their own abilities with regard to the past, present and future. The data related to the self-concept were complemented with the analysis of the children's drawings. The statistical analysis of the data gathered showed that motor behavior plays a significant role in developing one's self-concept, which is especially true of boys. Even though there is no significant statistical difference between boys and girls with respect to the quality of their motor behavior, there are significant differences between them pertaining to the vocabulary they use when describing their own selves, i.e. their self-concept, especially with respect to the present and future. Boys seem to use more extensive motor-related vocabulary when describing themselves, especially those with greater motor skills. Both boys and girls show a tendency to describe themselves as incapable in the past. When describing their present moment capabilities, girls tend to use vocabulary related to play and independence, whereas they mostly use vocabulary related to professions and sex roles when referring to the future. These findings indicate that social factors are of immense importance from a very early age, especially among girls. Moreover, the results show that

  20. BASIC SUPPOSITIONS FOR ORGANIZING AND ESTABLISHING A COHERENT SYSTEM OF EARLY TREATMENT AND PRE-SCHOOL UPBRINGING OF CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFICULTIES IN CONDITIONS OF TRANSITION (situation, problems and needs

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    Ljupco Ajdinski

    1997-03-01

    Full Text Available The author of this paper wants to pay attention to the utmost problems of treatment and pre-school upbringing, from several points of view ( health, social, educational, economic, normative etc., that are related to the establishment of the primary conditions and suppositions for successful organization of protection and rehabilitation of these children.Children with developmental difficulties are quite a complex problem of the family, society and professional problem. The complexity and the burden of this problem are seen through the type and level of impairment, through the number of such children, as in providing financial, personnel and other conditions that are needed for successful protection and treatment.Taking into consideration the number of these children, in the paper is given the prognosis according to some percentages used for the whole population by ON and WHO. It is considered that 5-7 % are children with developmental difficulties at pre-school period. because the main topic at this Symposium is early treatment and pre- school upbringing, the early age is taken for the mentioned percentage. According to this, in our country there are about 19.000 children from 0-9 years of age, if this percentage of 6 % is applied from the total number of children at that age, that shows in the latest census of the population in the R. of Macedonia in 1994 , that there are 313.908 children. This number shows the gravity of the problem that is elaborated in this paper. The author stresses that the complexity of this problem increases if we take into consideration the present conditions according to the range of these children with early treatment and preschool upbringing, as apart of the whole system of rehabilitation.The complete treatment, i.e. the rehabilitation of children with developmental difficulties presents the unity of all the provisions and proceedings that are necessary to be undertaken to eliminate or reduce to the minimum

  1. The foreign exchange market: return distributions, multifractality, anomalous multifractality and the Epps effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drożdż, Stanisław; Kwapień, Jarosław; Oświȩcimka, Paweł; Rak, Rafał

    2010-10-01

    We present a systematic study of various statistical characteristics of high-frequency returns from the foreign exchange market. This study is based on six exchange rates forming two triangles: EUR-GBP-USD and GBP-CHF-JPY. It is shown that the exchange rate return fluctuations for all of the pairs considered are well described by the non-extensive statistics in terms of q-Gaussians. There exist some small quantitative variations in the non-extensivity q-parameter values for different exchange rates (which depend also on the time scales studied), and this can be related to the importance of a given exchange rate in the world's currency trade. Temporal correlations organize the series of returns such that they develop the multifractal characteristics for all of the exchange rates, with a varying degree of symmetry of the singularity spectrum f(α), however. The most symmetric spectrum is identified for the GBP/USD. We also form time series of triangular residual returns and find that the distributions of their fluctuations develop disproportionately heavier tails as compared to small fluctuations, which excludes description in terms of q-Gaussians. The multifractal characteristics of these residual returns reveal such anomalous properties as negative singularity exponents and even negative singularity spectra. Such anomalous multifractal measures have so far been considered in the literature in connection with diffusion-limited aggregation and with turbulence. Studying the cross-correlations among different exchange rates, we found that market inefficiency on short time scales leads to the occurrence of the Epps effect on much longer time scales, but comparable to the ones for the stock market. Although the currency market is much more liquid than the stock markets and has a much greater transaction frequency, the building up of correlations takes up to several hours—a duration that does not differ much from what is observed in the stock markets. This may suggest

  2. Pre-school teachers’ professional training at chernivtsi state women’s teachers seminary (late ХІХ – early ХХ centuries

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    Ярина Андріївна Квасецька

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on issues of formation and development of pre-school teachers’ professional training in Bukovina in the time when it was a part of Austrian-Hungarian Empire. The article analyzes prerequisites for formation and peculiarities of functioning of Chernivtsi State Women's Teachers Seminary, organizing pre-school teachers’ professional training within general teachers’ training and by means of part-time Froebel courses

  3. HEPPA-II model-measurement intercomparison project: EPP indirect effects during the dynamically perturbed NH winter 2008-2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funke, Bernd; Ball, William; Bender, Stefan; Gardini, Angela; Harvey, V. Lynn; Lambert, Alyn; López-Puertas, Manuel; Marsh, Daniel R.; Meraner, Katharina; Nieder, Holger; Päivärinta, Sanna-Mari; Pérot, Kristell; Randall, Cora E.; Reddmann, Thomas; Rozanov, Eugene; Schmidt, Hauke; Seppälä, Annika; Sinnhuber, Miriam; Sukhodolov, Timofei; Stiller, Gabriele P.; Tsvetkova, Natalia D.; Verronen, Pekka T.; Versick, Stefan; von Clarmann, Thomas; Walker, Kaley A.; Yushkov, Vladimir

    2017-03-01

    We compare simulations from three high-top (with upper lid above 120 km) and five medium-top (with upper lid around 80 km) atmospheric models with observations of odd nitrogen (NOx = NO + NO2), temperature, and carbon monoxide from seven satellite instruments (ACE-FTS on SciSat, GOMOS, MIPAS, and SCIAMACHY on Envisat, MLS on Aura, SABER on TIMED, and SMR on Odin) during the Northern Hemisphere (NH) polar winter 2008/2009. The models included in the comparison are the 3-D chemistry transport model 3dCTM, the ECHAM5/MESSy Atmospheric Chemistry (EMAC) model, FinROSE, the Hamburg Model of the Neutral and Ionized Atmosphere (HAMMONIA), the Karlsruhe Simulation Model of the Middle Atmosphere (KASIMA), the modelling tools for SOlar Climate Ozone Links studies (SOCOL and CAO-SOCOL), and the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM4). The comparison focuses on the energetic particle precipitation (EPP) indirect effect, that is, the polar winter descent of NOx largely produced by EPP in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere. A particular emphasis is given to the impact of the sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) in January 2009 and the subsequent elevated stratopause (ES) event associated with enhanced descent of mesospheric air. The chemistry climate model simulations have been nudged toward reanalysis data in the troposphere and stratosphere while being unconstrained above. An odd nitrogen upper boundary condition obtained from MIPAS observations has further been applied to medium-top models. Most models provide a good representation of the mesospheric tracer descent in general, and the EPP indirect effect in particular, during the unperturbed (pre-SSW) period of the NH winter 2008/2009. The observed NOx descent into the lower mesosphere and stratosphere is generally reproduced within 20 %. Larger discrepancies of a few model simulations could be traced back either to the impact of the models' gravity wave drag scheme on the polar wintertime meridional circulation or

  4. Effectiveness of pre-school- and school-based interventions to impact weight-related behaviours in African American children and youth: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, L E; Webster, E K; Whitt-Glover, M C; Ceaser, T G; Alhassan, S

    2014-10-01

    This review assessed the effectiveness of pre-school- and school-based obesity prevention and/or treatment interventions targeting healthy eating, physical activity or obesity in African American children and adolescents. Systematic searches were conducted for English-printed research articles published between January 1980 and March 2013. Retained articles included experimental studies conducted in the United States that targeted ≥ 80% African American/black children and adolescents and/or studies whose results were stratified by race/ethnicity, and that were conducted in pre-schools/head start or schools (excluding after-school programmes). Of the 12,270 articles identified, 17 met the inclusion criteria (pre-school, n=2; elementary school, n=7; middle and secondary schools, n=8). Thirteen studies found significant improvements in nutrition (pre-school, n=1; elementary, n=7; secondary, n=5) and three found significant improvements in physical activity (pre-school, n=1; elementary, n=2) variables of interest. Two studies (pre-school, n=1; secondary, n=1) reported significant reductions in obesity in African American children. The evidence available suggests school-based interventions are effective in promoting healthy nutrition behaviours in African American children. Conclusions overall and, particularly, about effects on physical activity and obesity are limited due to the small number of studies, differences in assessment approaches and a lack of follow-up assessments.

  5. LGBTQ Inclusion in Educator Preparation: Getting Ready for Gender and Sexual Diversity in Secondary School Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoelscher, Mary Helen

    While many lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) students are able to resiliently navigate their public school education many others experience harsh school climates and negative health and educational outcomes. Harassment and bullying of LGBTQ students in school environments have been linked to numerous negative psychological and academic outcomes for students diverse in sexual orientation and/or gender identity. Preparing teacher candidates (TCs) to respond effectively to harassment and bullying of students and to create inclusive curriculum has been recommended to improve outcomes for students. Yet the development of these teaching practices has not been pursued broadly in educator preparation programs (EPPs) or specifically in science EPPs (SEPPs). This dissertation broadens the notion of diversity traditionally attended to in EPPs through three studies. The first study is a holistic single-case study of an LGBTQ-inclusive EPP. It focused on the following three research questions: What were the contextual features that surrounded the LGBTQ-inclusive EPP? What were the specific elements of LGBTQ inclusion in the EPP? And, what were the strengths and weaknesses of the LGBTQ-inclusive EPP? This study drew primarily from data collected from interviews with faculty and administrators in a large post-baccalaureate 5th year preparation for licensure program. Document analysis was used to triangulate and expand upon the data collected during the interviews. A framework for analyzing LGBTQ inclusion across the components of an EPP was developed as part of this study. This study has direct implications for the particular EPP, but also clarifies research needs around LGBTQ inclusion in secondary EPPs. While little has research exists about LGBTQ inclusion in EPPs, far less has been attempted and understood in the discipline of secondary life science. The second study thus narrows its focus from the particulars of LGBTQ inclusion in an EPP to the

  6. PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS CONTRIBUTING TO FORMATION OF VALUE SYSTEM OF PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN IN THE PROCESS OF ARTISTIC AND AESTHETIC DEVELOPMENT

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    Oksana Igorevna Sperber

    2015-12-01

    expected that the activity of the pre-school educational institutions will be focused on the formation of moral value orientations of the younger generation. This work will be carried out in the framework of artistic and aesthetic education field.

  7. A Pilot Study of a 6-Week Parenting Program for Mothers of Pre-school Children Attending Family Health Centers in Karachi, Pakistan

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    Yasmin Khowaja

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background Recently, parenting programs to address behavioural and emotional problems associated with child maltreatment in developing countries have received much attention. There is a paucity of literature on effective parent education interventions in the local context of Pakistan. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of offering a 6-week parenting program for mothers of pre-school children attending family health centres (FHCs in Karachi, the largest metropolitan city of Pakistan. Methods A pilot quasi-experimental trial was conducted. Two FHCs were selected, one as the intervention and the second as the control. A total of 57 mothers of pre-school children (n = 30 intervention; n = 27 control participated in this study. Mothers in the intervention group received SOS Help for parents module, while mothers in the control group received information about routine childcare. A parenting scale (PS was administered before the program was implemented and repeated 2 weeks after the program was completed in both groups. Statistical analysis was performed to compare participants’ attributes. Descriptive analysis was conducted to compare pre- and post-test mean scores along with standard deviation for parenting subscales in the intervention and control groups. Results A total of 50 mothers (n = 25 intervention; n = 25 control completed the 6-week program. Attrition was observed as 5/30 (17% in the intervention arm and 2/27 (2% in the control arm. Mothers commonly reported the burden of daily domestic and social responsibilities as the main reason for dropping out. Furthermore, the majority of participants in the control group recommended increasing the duration of weekly sessions from 1 to 1.5 hours, thereby decreasing the program period from 6 to 4 weeks. Mothers in intervention group reported substantial improvement in parenting skills as indicated by mean difference in their pre- and post-test scores for laxness and over

  8. The Effect of the Values Education Programme on 5.5-6 Year Old Children's Social Development: Social Skills, Psycho-Social Development and Social Problem Solving Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dereli-Iman, Esra

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the effect of the Values Education Programme (developed for pre-school children) on the children's social skills, psycho-social development, and social problem solving skills. The sample group consisted of 66 children (33 experimental group, 33 control group) attending pre-school. The Values Education Programme…

  9. A simple assessment of physical activity is associated with obesity and motor fitness in pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayer, Otmar; Bolte, Gabriele; Morlock, Gabriele; Rückinger, Simon; von Kries, Rüdiger

    2009-08-01

    Physical activity is an important determinant of energy balance. However, its impact on overweight/obesity has proved difficult to measure in pre-school children and few studies have found significant associations. A set of simple questions was used to distinguish pre-school children with high and low physical activity, and the association of this classification with childhood overweight/obesity and performance in an established motor test was investigated. Survey, cross-sectional. Weight and height were measured in 12,556 children taking part in the obligatory school entrance health examination 2004-5 and 2005-6 in three urban and three rural Bavarian regions. Their parents were asked to answer a questionnaire with a set of questions on physical activity. The mean age of the children evaluated was 5.78 (sd 0.43) years, 6535 (52.1 %) were boys. Physically active children were less likely to be overweight (OR = 0.786, 95 % CI 0.687, 0.898) or obese (OR = 0.655, 95 % CI 0.506, 0.849) and achieved 6.7 (95 % CI 5.8, 7.7) % more jumps per 30 s than less active children in a motor test, adjusted for a number of potentially confounding variables. Classification of pre-school children as physically active or not, based on a small set of questions, revealed significant associations with overweight/obesity and a motor test. Once further validated, this classification might provide a valuable tool to assess the impact of physical activity on the risk of childhood overweight and obesity.

  10. New Insights into the Molecular Epidemiology and Population Genetics of Schistosoma mansoni in Ugandan Pre-school Children and Mothers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betson, Martha; Sousa-Figueiredo, Jose C.; Kabatereine, Narcis B.; Stothard, J. Russell

    2013-01-01

    Significant numbers of pre-school children are infected with Schistosoma mansoni in sub-Saharan Africa and are likely to play a role in parasite transmission. However, they are currently excluded from control programmes. Molecular phylogenetic studies have provided insights into the evolutionary origins and transmission dynamics of S. mansoni, but there has been no research into schistosome molecular epidemiology in pre-school children. Here, we investigated the genetic diversity and population structure of S. mansoni in pre-school children and mothers living in lakeshore communities in Uganda and monitored for changes over time after praziquantel treatment. Parasites were sampled from children (<6 years) and mothers enrolled in the longitudinal Schistosomiasis Mothers and Infants Study at baseline and at 6-, 12- and 18-month follow-up surveys. 1347 parasites from 35 mothers and 45 children were genotyped by direct sequencing of the cytochrome c oxidase (cox1) gene. The cox1 region was highly diverse with over 230 unique sequences identified. Parasite populations were genetically differentiated between lakes and non-synonymous mutations were more diverse at Lake Victoria than Lake Albert. Surprisingly, parasite populations sampled from children showed a similar genetic diversity to those sampled from mothers, pointing towards a non-linear relationship between duration of exposure and accumulation of parasite diversity. The genetic diversity six months after praziquantel treatment was similar to pre-treatment diversity. Our results confirm the substantial genetic diversity of S. mansoni in East Africa and provide significant insights into transmission dynamics within young children and mothers, important information for schistosomiasis control programmes. PMID:24349589

  11. New insights into the molecular epidemiology and population genetics of Schistosoma mansoni in Ugandan pre-school children and mothers.

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    Martha Betson

    Full Text Available Significant numbers of pre-school children are infected with Schistosoma mansoni in sub-Saharan Africa and are likely to play a role in parasite transmission. However, they are currently excluded from control programmes. Molecular phylogenetic studies have provided insights into the evolutionary origins and transmission dynamics of S. mansoni, but there has been no research into schistosome molecular epidemiology in pre-school children. Here, we investigated the genetic diversity and population structure of S. mansoni in pre-school children and mothers living in lakeshore communities in Uganda and monitored for changes over time after praziquantel treatment. Parasites were sampled from children (<6 years and mothers enrolled in the longitudinal Schistosomiasis Mothers and Infants Study at baseline and at 6-, 12- and 18-month follow-up surveys. 1347 parasites from 35 mothers and 45 children were genotyped by direct sequencing of the cytochrome c oxidase (cox1 gene. The cox1 region was highly diverse with over 230 unique sequences identified. Parasite populations were genetically differentiated between lakes and non-synonymous mutations were more diverse at Lake Victoria than Lake Albert. Surprisingly, parasite populations sampled from children showed a similar genetic diversity to those sampled from mothers, pointing towards a non-linear relationship between duration of exposure and accumulation of parasite diversity. The genetic diversity six months after praziquantel treatment was similar to pre-treatment diversity. Our results confirm the substantial genetic diversity of S. mansoni in East Africa and provide significant insights into transmission dynamics within young children and mothers, important information for schistosomiasis control programmes.

  12. The stories of adoptive gay parents about acceptance and discrimination in the pre-school of their child or children

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    M.Ed. Gay adoption in South Africa is a most recent equal right bestowed on the Gay Lesbian Bisexual and Transgender (GLBT) community. To date little research has been done in South Africa and globally on this phenomenon, and even less in relation to the schools children from gay headed families attend. The purpose of the inquiry was to explore the stories of adoptive gay parents about acceptance and discrimination in the pre-school of their child or children. The inquiry draws on Queer Th...

  13. Pre-school social abilities: Construction and validation of a scale for children in contexts of poverty

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Betina Lacunza; Alejandro Castro Solano; Norma Contini

    2009-01-01

    Social abilities are an essential part of human activity since they have a bearing on self-con­fidence, adoption of roles, self-regulation of behavior and academic performance, among other aspects. This study presents the process of construction and validation of a scale of social abilities for pre-school children. The scale was administered to 318 parents of 3 to 5 years old children of low socio-economic status who attend Primary Health Care Centers in San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina. Cons...

  14. Science and Scientific Curiosity in Pre-School--The Teacher's Point of View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spektor-Levy, Ornit; Baruch, Yael Kesner; Mevarech, Zemira

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays, early science education is well-accepted by researchers, education professionals and policy makers. Overall, teachers' attitudes and conceptions toward the science subject domain and science education influence their ways of teaching and engagement. However, there is a lack of research regarding factors that affect this engagement in…

  15. Propolis Standardized Extract (EPP-AF®), an Innovative Chemically and Biologically Reproducible Pharmaceutical Compound for Treating Wounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berretta, Andresa Aparecida; Nascimento, Andresa Piacezzi; Bueno, Paula Carolina Pires; de Oliveira Lima Leite Vaz, Mirela Mara; Marchetti, Juliana Maldonado

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop a formulation, containing the propolis standardized extract (EPP-AF®), which can assist in the healing of skin lesions. To achieve this objective the antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of the propolis extract was determined. The final product was subjected to in vitro and in vivo pre-clinical evaluation. The broth macrodilution method was used to determine the antimicrobial activity of the extracts and formulations against the microorganisms most commonly found in burns, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Wistar rats with puncture wounded skin were used to evaluate the wound healing properties of propolis. The results of chemical and biological characterization demonstrated the batch-to-batch reproducibility of the standardized extract which is an unprecedented result. The antimicrobial and wound healing activity of the pharmaceutical studied showed the best results when samples contain 3.6% propolis, suggesting that this is the most promising composition. PMID:22457606

  16. What determines adult cognitive skills? Influences of pre-school, school, and post-school experiences in Guatemala

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoddinott, John; Maluccio, John A.; Soler-Hampejsek, Erica; Behrman, Emily L.; Martorell, Reynaldo; Ramírez-Zea, Manuel; Stein, Aryeh D.

    2015-01-01

    Most empirical investigations of the effects of cognitive skills assume that they are produced by schooling. Drawing on longitudinal data to estimate production functions for adult verbal and nonverbal cognitive skills, we find that: (1) School attainment has a significant and substantial effect on adult verbal cognitive skills but not on adult nonverbal cognitive skills; and (2) Pre-school and post-school experiences also have substantial positive significant effects on adult cognitive skills. Pre-school experiences captured by height for age at 6 years substantially and significantly increase adult nonverbal cognitive skills, even after controlling for school attainment. Post-school tenure in skilled jobs has significant positive effects on both types of cognitive skills. The findings (1) reinforce the importance of early life investments; (2) support the importance of childhood nutrition (“Flynn effect”) and work complexity in explaining increases in nonverbal cognitive skills; (3) call into question interpretations of studies reporting productivity impacts of cognitive skills that do not control for endogeneity; and (4) point to limitations in using adult school attainment alone to represent human capital. PMID:26550556

  17. Effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride and sodium fluoride varnish in arresting dentin caries in Chinese pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, C H; Lo, E C M; Lin, H C

    2002-11-01

    Untreated dental caries in Chinese pre-school children is common. This prospective controlled clinical trial investigated the effectiveness of topical fluoride applications in arresting dentin caries. Three hundred seventy-five children, aged 3-5 years, with carious upper anterior teeth were divided into five groups. Children in the first and second groups received annual applications of silver diamine fluoride solution (44,800 ppm F). Sodium fluoride varnish (22,600 ppm F) was applied every three months to the lesions of children in the third and fourth groups. For children in the first and third groups, soft carious tissues were removed prior to fluoride application. The fifth group was the control. Three hundred eight children were followed for 30 months. The respective mean numbers of arrested carious tooth surfaces in the five groups were 2.5, 2.8, 1.5, 1.5, and 1.3 (p Silver diamine fluoride was found to be effective in arresting dentin caries in primary anterior teeth in pre-school children.

  18. Determination of the level of noise in nurseries and pre-schools and the teachers′ level of annoyance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozan Gokdogan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this article is to determine the level of noise in nurseries and pre-schools and also to compare measured levels with standard levels and evaluate the teachers’ level of annoyance. Materials and Methods: The level of noise was measured in three different schools. A total of 162 students, whose ages were between 3 and 6 years, and 12 teachers were included the study. Every age groups’ level of noise was measured during sleeping, gaming, and eating activity. In addition, teachers’ annoyance was assessed in different age groups. Results: The 4- to 6-year-old groups were found to have higher level of sounds than 3-year-old group. Eating period was found to be the highest level of sound whereas sleeping was found the lowest. Furthermore, teachers’ annoyance was found higher as the age decreased. Conclusion: Nurseries and pre-schools have noisy environment both for the students and the teachers. High level of noise, which has bad effects on health, is a public health problem. Both the students’ families and teachers must be aware of this annoying situation.

  19. Parental feeding behaviour and motivations regarding pre-school age children: A thematic synthesis of qualitative studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rylatt, Louise; Cartwright, Tina

    2016-04-01

    Poor childhood diet is a major risk factor for disease and obesity, and parents of pre-school children are in a powerful position to influence diet for life. The technique of thematic synthesis (Thomas & Harden, 2008) was used to synthesise recent qualitative research on parental feeding of pre-school age children (18 months-6 years). The aim was to inform development of nutrition advice by gaining a comprehensive picture of parental feeding behaviours and motivations. Six key parental feeding behaviours were identified: modelling, rewards, pressure and encouragement, repeated exposure, creativity, and limiting intake. Four overarching themes regarding motivations were identified: promoting good health (balance and variety, and weight control); building positive relationships (child involvement, and parental engagement and responsiveness); practicalities and constraints (time, cost, and lack of culinary skill, and pressure and flexibility); and emotional motivations (problem avoidance, and emotional investment). Practicalities and constraints, and emotional motivations impacted more significantly on low income parents. In order to be effective, nutrition advice ought to tap into parents' strong desire to build positive relationships and promote good health while remaining sensitive to the significant constraints and practicalities faced.

  20. Profile of non-nutritive sucking habits in relation to nursing behavior in pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vadiakas, G; Oulis, C; Berdouses, E

    1998-01-01

    Although a number of investigators have studied the prevalence and etiology of non-nutritive sucking habits in children, no consensus exists among dental and medical experts in respect to the contributing factors and preventing behaviors. Furthermore, changes in the rearing practices of children make management of such habits even more complicated. The purpose of the present study was to investigate finger and pacifier sucking habits among pre-school children, and its possible relationship to nursing behavior. Parental attitudes towards sucking habits were also registered. Questionnaires were sent to parents of 600 children, three to five years old, following an oral examination in a private office. Children attended kindergartens that were randomly selected from the area of Athens, Greece. Questions regarding the nursing patterns-breast or bottle feeding-characteristics of finger and pacifier sucking habits, parental attitudes towards sucking habits, as well as recommendations of the pediatricians were included. Three hundred and sixteen questionnaires were returned by parents. Results indicated that pre-school children discontinued a pacifier sucking habit earlier compared to a finger habit. Pacifiers showed a preventive effect against finger sucking, since only 2% of the sample examined practiced both habits. Breast feeding was not clearly associated with sucking habits; however, long bottle feeding periods were related with decreased finger sucking and high figures of pacifier sucking. The majority of pediatricians were not in favor of an intervention in breaking a finger sucking habit of the child.

  1. Barriers to the Use of Technology in Jordanian Pre-School Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ihmeideh, Fathi Mahmoud

    2009-01-01

    Technology has increasingly become an important and accepted tool in early childhood education classrooms. Despite its power and significance in supporting children's development, early childhood educators still struggle with using technology in their teaching practice. This study investigated the barriers to the use of technology in Jordanian…

  2. Sport, physical education and coaching in health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.H. Bruining; Dr. Johan de Jong

    2015-01-01

    Main goal of the Sport Physical Education And Coaching in Health Project (SPEACH/Erasmus+ sport 557083-EPP-1-2014-1-NL-SPO-SCP) is to increase awareness and behavioural change in sport professionals and European citizens towards an active and healthy lifestyle. Sedentariness and physical inactivity

  3. Um estudo sobre as condições de acessibilidade em pré-escolas A study about accessibility conditions in pre-schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscila Moreira Corrêa

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A utilização de um instrumento específico é imprescindível para que educadores consigam analisar as condições de acessibilidade física das suas escolas. Objetiva-se, com este trabalho, apresentar os resultados obtidos pela aplicação de um protocolo para avaliação da acessibilidade física, em seis escolas da Educação Infantil de uma cidade do interior paulista. Esse protocolo está constituído por oito rotas utilizadas por alunos, ao se locomoverem e, também, por itens que devem ser avaliados pelo educador, ao transitarem pelas rotas estabelecidas. Os critérios usados para escolha das seis escolas avaliadas foram: 1 ano de construção das escolas; 2 região; e 3 atender a alunos com deficiência física ou visual e/ou deficiência múltipla. A avaliação das escolas possibilitou a análise das condições de acessibilidade, de acordo com: tipos de portão, porta, piso, obstáculos, largura de corredores, desníveis; quadra de esportes; tanque de areia; campo de futebol; bebedouro; e banheiro. Os resultados demonstraram ser possível comparar e distinguir as condições de acessibilidade de cada item do protocolo, para cada uma das seis escolas avaliadas. O protocolo elaborado permite que os profissionais do atendimento educacional especializado cumpram com umas das suas funções, que é de identificar, elaborar e organizar recursos pedagógicos e de acessibilidade.The use of a specific instrument is essential for educators to be able to analyze the conditions of physical accessibility of their schools. This paper aims to present results obtained by applying a protocol for assessing the physical accessibility in six pre-schools in a city in the the interior of the state of São Paulo. This protocol is composed by eight routes used by students circulating inside the pre-school and also for items regarding the established routes that should be evaluated by the educators . The criteria used to select the six schools that were

  4. On Singapore Pre-school Accreditation Framework and Its Inspiration%新加坡学前教育评审框架及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史明洁

    2012-01-01

    Singapore government issued Singapore Pre-school Accreditation Framework (SPARK) in 2011.The framework defines accreditation in four steps:registration, self-assessment, assessment by the Education Ministry and certification. It highlights 5 core values,and the accreditation contents include leadersh~ip,planning and administration,staff management,resource, curriculum, teaching method, health care and safety.The government provides systematic tool and methods, consultation and financial support for accreditation.The SPARK offers inspirations for Chinese preschool education assessment and certification system.%新加坡政府于2011年推出了“新加坡学前教育评审框架”。该框架把评审过程分为注册、自我评估、教育部评估及获得认证四个阶段,强调五种核心价值观。评审内容则包括领导力,规划与行政,教职员管理,资源,课程,教学法,健康、卫生与安全七个方面。新加坡政府为评审提供了系统的评估工具和方法、咨询和资金支持。新加坡的学前教育评审框架对完善我国的学前教育评审制度具有一定借鉴意义。

  5. Assessment of Knowledge Regarding Oral Hygiene among Parents of Pre-School Children Attending Pediatric Out Patient Department in Dhulikhel Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khanal, K; Shrestha, D; Ghimire, N; Younjan, R; Sanjel, S

    2015-01-01

    Level of knowledge regarding oral hygiene among the parents of pre-school children plays an important role on maintaining the good oral hygiene of their children. In Nepal, sufficient research has not been carried out on this area. Objective of this study is to assess the level of knowledge on oral hygiene of preschool children's parents attending pediatric outpatient department in Dhulikhel Hospital. A descriptive study was conducted from November 2012 to January 2013 among one hundred parents of preschool children visiting pediatrics outpatient department of Dhulikhel Hospital. Paper and pencil based semi structured questionnaire was used for collecting data. Questions related to demographic information and knowledge were asked. Thirty questions were used for assessing knowledge level. Knowledge score was calculated by allocating one point for each correct answer and zero point for each wrong answer. Analyzed data were presented in terms of numbers and percentages. Total knowledge scores were categorized based on percentage. Knowledge score was categorized on four group - exclusive intervals - namely-poor (0-40%), moderate (40-60%), good (60-80%) and excellent (80-100%). Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test were applied to check significance difference and chisquare test was used to check association among different background characteristic. It was found that 81% had moderate knowledge, 15% had poor knowledge and 4% had good knowledge about oral hygiene. Median knowledge score was found to be 15 with range 10 to 21. Following variables were found to be significant difference on knowledge category: Education status (peducation level (p= 0.041), past experience about oral health problem (p = 0.008), Further significant association was found between knowledge category and educational status (pparents of preschool children visiting pediatric OPD of Dhulikhel Hospital.

  6. SUGGESTOPEDIA AS THE METHOD OF THE MUSIC EXPERIENCE FORMATION OF PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Natalya T. Таgiltseva; Filip D. Shavov

    2015-01-01

    The article aims to consider the possibility of suggestopedia methods use that are successfully practiced in foreign language teaching, pedagogy of music education of preschool children, in starting schools...

  7. Research On Pre-school Education Needs for Parents in the Rural Areas of SW China---A Case Study of Yongbao and Dazhai, Yuxian County, Yunnan Province%西南边疆民族地区农村幼儿家长学前教育需求研究*--以云南省云县涌宝镇、大寨镇为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨楠

    2015-01-01

    本研究对163位西南边疆民族地区农村幼儿家长进行问卷调查,考察农村幼儿家长对学前教育的需求。研究结果表明:(1)农村幼儿家长对学前教育需求的重视程度依次为:环境设备、方便性、课程与教学理念、幼儿园的形象、费用、师资、幼儿园性质;(2)家长受教育程度及收入水平等因素都对家长的学前教育需求产生影响;(3)农村地区学前教育服务提供机构在选址、环境设备、交通、师资等方面存在不足,不能满足农村家长的合理需求。为了满足农村幼儿家长的学前教育需求,相关政府部门应加大对学前教育的投入力度,提高学前教育的质量,做好幼儿园标准化建设;另一方面,幼儿园应坚持正确的教育理念,增强与家长的沟通工作。%This study on the survey of 163 rural children's parents, inspects the rural children's par-ents to the preschool education demand.Results show that:(1) the rural parents demand for preschool ed-ucation, in the importance of environmental equipment, convenience, the concept of curriculum and teach-ing, and the image of the kindergarten, fees, teachers, kindergarten properties; (2) parents’ education background and economic income have an effect on preschool education demand.Conclusion:the base level of rural parents of the preschool education demand, reasonable and unreasonable demand coexist; At the same time, parents lack of awareness of preschool education in the countryside.

  8. Short term efficacy of nebulized beclomethasone in mild-to-moderate wheezing episodes in pre-school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cutrera Renato

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Few data are available on the usefulness of short term treatment with low-medium dose of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS in pre-school children with wheezing exacerbations. Methods To compare the efficacy of one week treatment with 400 μg b.i.d. nebulized beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP, plus nebulized 2500 μg prn salbutamol (BDP group, versus nebulized b.i.d. placebo, plus nebulized prn 2500 μg salbutamol (placebo group, a post-hoc analysis was performed on data obtained in 166 pre-school children with multiple-trigger wheezing, recruited during an acute wheezing episode. Results The percentage of symptom-free days (SFDs was significantly higher in the BDP group (54.7% than in the placebo group (40.5%; p = 0.012, with a 35% relative difference. Day-by-day analysis showed that the percentage of SFDs was already higher in the BDP group after 2 days (7.4%, the difference reaching statistical significance at day 6 (12.3%; p = 0.035. Cough score was also reduced in the BDP group (0.11 as compared with the placebo group (0.39; p = 0.048, the difference reaching statistical significance after 5 days of treatment (0.18 and 0.47 respectively; p = 0.047. The mean number of nebulizations per day of prn salbutamol was lower in the BDP group as compared to the placebo group (0.26 and 0.34, respectively, but the difference was not significant (p = 0.366. There were no differences in positive effects of BDP treatment between children with and without risk factors for asthma. Conclusions A 1-week treatment with nebulized BDP and prn salbutamol is effective in increasing SFDs and improving cough in children with wheezing, providing a clinical rationale for the short term use of ICS in episodic wheeze exacerbations in pre-school children. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT00497523

  9. Malnutrition and soil-transmitted helminthic infection among Orang Asli pre-school children in Gua Musang, Kelantan, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geik, Oui Pek; Sidek, Razalee

    2015-09-01

    Malnutrition and soil-transmitted helminthic (STH) infection is still a major concern among Orang Asli pre-school children in Malaysia. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and STH infection. Besides, this study was also to identify the association between malnutrition and STH. A total of 256 Orang Asli (131 males and 125 females) from Temiar sub-tribes pre-school children aged one to six years from 19 villages in three Orang Asli settlements of Pos Hendrop, Pos Balar and Pos Tohoi located in Gua Musang, Kelantan had participated in this cross-sectional study between September to December 2014. A face-to-face interview was carried out using pre-tested questionnaires on socio-demographic. Children were measured on their body weight and height. The collected stool samples were examined using direct wet smear method for the presence of STH parasite. The results showed the prevalence of underweight and stunting among the children were 45.3% and 76.2% respectively. A total of 161 (62.9%) subjects were positively infected by at least one species of STH. The overall parasite infections were Ascaris lumbricoides (41.0%), Trichuris trichiura (28.5%) and hookworm (2.0%). From the total infected children, 8.6% of them were infected by two species of STH. This research revealed that gender and age group showed statistically significance with stunted with (p=0.003, p=0.049) respectively. Gender and age groups also reported significant association to STH infection among the subjects with (p=0.013, p=0.001) respectively. However, our results indicated that there was no significant association between STH infection with underweight and stunted. Our study reported that the prevalence of malnutrition and STH are still a major concern for the public health and a threat among Orang Asli pre-school children in Kelantan. Immediate action and innovative intervention should be taken by the Government to overcome the problems as these children are the

  10. Prevalence of wheeze, night cough and doctor-diagnosed asthma in pre-school children in Kota Bharu.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quah, B S; Mazidah, A R; Hamzah, A M; Simpson, H

    2000-03-01

    While many studies of the prevalence of wheeze have been conducted in schoolchildren, there have been few in pre-school children. Most children with asthma develop symptoms before the age of 5 years and many pre-school wheezers continue to wheeze in the early school years. Among the latter, those children who continue to wheeze at school age have poorer lung function than those who don't. It is thus appropriate to enquire more fully about wheeze in this age-group where its incidence is high and its relation with asthma less well defined. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalences of wheeze, night cough and doctor diagnosed asthma in pre-school children. A cross-sectional study was conducted in five primary health clinics in the district of Kota Bharu from April to October 1998. Nurses from these clinics distributed Bahasa Malaysia questionnaires containing questions on asthma symptoms to preschool children aged 1-5 years during their home visits. The respondents were parent(s) or carer(s) of the child. The response rate was 100% and a total of 2,878 responses were analysed. The prevalence of symptoms and doctor diagnosed asthma were as follows: ever wheezed 9.4% (95% confidence interval (CI) 8.3-10.4%); current wheeze 6.2% (95% CI 5.2 to 7.0%); night cough 10.2% (95% CI 9.1 to 11.4%); and doctor diagnosed asthma 7.1% (95% CI 6.2 to 8.0%). There were no significant differences in prevalence between males and females, or among age groups. The prevalence of night cough in children with no history of wheeze was 6.9%. The cumulative and current prevalences of wheeze were similar to, and those of night cough and doctor-diagnosed asthma significantly lower than, those reported for Kelantan schoolchildren. These findings provide a baseline for assessing future symptoms trends, and perhaps also the validity of diagnosing asthma in this age group.

  11. "Would You Like to Tidy up Now?" An Analysis of Adult Questioning in the English Foundation Stage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siraj-Blatchford, Iram; Manni, Laura

    2008-01-01

    This study provides an extension of analysis concerned with adult questioning carried out in the Researching Effective Pedagogy in the Early Years (REPEY) study. The REPEY study drew on robust quantitative data provided by the Effective Provision of Pre-School Education (EPPE) project to identify the particular pedagogical strategies being applied…

  12. The role of play in pre-school and younger school age children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kopas-Vukašinović Emina

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the importance of play for children’s development and learning in institutionalized preschool education, as well as the opportunities it provides concerning the organization of teaching activities with younger school age children. The paper is based on the theoretical framework emphasizing educational character of children’s play, as a specific form of learning. Notwithstanding occasional attempts within pedagogic theory to deny educational values of children’s play and to emphasize instruction as the only form of systematic learning, contemporary pedagogic views consider play an important part of school education. Learning through play at younger school age helps overcome the discontinuity between preschool and school education. Curriculum subject matter can be covered through carefully selected and prepared play activities within the existing system, providing the support, encouragement and guidance by the adults involved, including their proper knowledge of children’ age-related and psycho-physical characteristics. Play facilitates gradual change over from preschool to school developmental stage, free, spontaneous and creative expression and the development of children’s potential.

  13. Parents' vaccine beliefs: a study of experiences and attitudes among parents of children in private pre-schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Catherine

    2014-04-01

    Even among highly vaccinated populations such as Rhode Island (RI), there exists a vulnerability to disease outbreaks. This is the basis for requiring proof of immunization for enrollment into school. Although RI grants medical, temporary, and religious vaccination exemptions, little is known about the beliefs of RI parents who seek exemptions for their children. The purpose of this small-scale, cross-sectional, Web-based survey is to describe the vaccine behaviors and beliefs of parents of children attending private pre-school in Providence, RI. In spite of limitations, the results provided the intended baseline assessment of the target population. While such findings should be interpreted with caution, they can be used as the foundation for future research and interventions.

  14. Pre-school social abilities: Construction and validation of a scale for children in contexts of poverty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Betina Lacunza

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Social abilities are an essential part of human activity since they have a bearing on self-con­fidence, adoption of roles, self-regulation of behavior and academic performance, among other aspects. This study presents the process of construction and validation of a scale of social abilities for pre-school children. The scale was administered to 318 parents of 3 to 5 years old children of low socio-economic status who attend Primary Health Care Centers in San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina. Considering the evolutionary and contextual charac­teristics relative to the process of acquisition of social abilities, a different protocol for every age group was designed. The result was a scale with confidence and validity characteristics. The validation of these instruments is helpful for evaluating children in poverty contexts since they enable us to distinguish social resources that allow children’s adaptation.

  15. Efektivitas Corporate Identity Join Pre-School and Enrichment sebagai Media Promosi di Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mendy Hosana M

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Development of Science and Technology in this globalization era which is supported by comprehensive, wide open, and easily accessible information facilities, encourages the Indonesian public mindset to become a modern mindset. This modern mindset even penetrates into all areas including in the field of education. If education used to not be considered for girls, today it has now become a need for all people, whether male or female. Not only that, the high levels of education achieved and the image of the selected educational institutions become markers of modern social class society in big cities now, not just in some areas of Surabaya. There are so many early educational institutions in Surabaya and almost all offer best quality education. But the difference is how the institution portray himself to the eyes of the community through corporate identity. The reflection of an institution or company image that often we know as corporate identity will be discussed through this study. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia; Perkembangan Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi di era globalisasi ini yang ditunjang dengan sarana informasi yang lengkap, terbuka lebar serta mudah diakses mendorong pola pikir masyarakat Indonesia menjadi pola pikir modern. Pola pikir modern ini pun merambah ke segala bidang tak terkecuali bidang Pendidikan. Jika dulu pendidikan dianggap tidak terlalu penting secara khusus bagi anak perempuan maka saat ini pendidikan menjadi suatu kebutuhan penting bagi semua orang, baik laki-laki atau pun perempuan. Bukan hanya itu, tingginya jenjang pendidikan yang diraih dan citra lembaga pendidikan yang dipilih menjadi suatu penanda kelas sosial masyarakat modern.di kota-kota besar saat ini, tak terkecuali Surabaya. Ada begitu banyak lembaga pendidikan di Surabaya dan hampir semua menawarkan kualitas pendidikan yang baik. Namun yang menjadi pembeda adalah bagaimana lembaga pendidikan tersebut mencitrakan dirinya di mata masyarakat melalui identitas

  16. Associations between Parental Feeding Styles and Childhood Eating Habits: A Survey of Hong Kong Pre-School Children.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth Lo

    Full Text Available Childhood obesity is a global public health issue, including in the Chinese setting, and its prevalence has increased dramatically throughout the last decade. Since the origins of childhood obesity may lie in the pre-school period, factors relating to very young children's food consumption should be investigated. Parental influence, including feeding style, is the major determinant of childhood dietary behaviour through altering food provision and social environment. However, the applicability of previous research on parental feeding styles was limited by small sample size. To evaluate the influence of parental feeding styles on children's dietary patterns, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 4553 pre-schoolers in Hong Kong. Information was obtained about dietary intake and how regularly they had breakfast, using previous health surveillance surveys taken among primary school students. Parental feeding styles were assessed by a validated Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire and categorized into 'instrumental feeding', 'emotional feeding', 'prompting and encouragement to eat' and 'control over eating'. Multivariable analysis was performed, adjusted for demographic information. Instrumental and/or emotional feeding was found to relate to inadequate consumption of fruit, vegetables and breakfast, and positively correlated with intake of high-energy-density food. Encouragement on eating was associated with more frequent consumption of fruits, vegetables, dairy products and breakfast. Control over eating correlated with more frequent consumption of fruits, vegetables and breakfast, and less consumption of dairy products and high-energy-density food. The present study has provided evidence on the associations between parental feeding styles and dietary patterns of Hong Kong pre-school children from a reasonably large population. Parents should avoid instrumental and emotional feeding, and implement control and encouragement to promote healthy

  17. Associations between Parental Feeding Styles and Childhood Eating Habits: A Survey of Hong Kong Pre-School Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Kenneth; Cheung, Calvin; Lee, Albert; Tam, Wilson W S; Keung, Vera

    2015-01-01

    Childhood obesity is a global public health issue, including in the Chinese setting, and its prevalence has increased dramatically throughout the last decade. Since the origins of childhood obesity may lie in the pre-school period, factors relating to very young children's food consumption should be investigated. Parental influence, including feeding style, is the major determinant of childhood dietary behaviour through altering food provision and social environment. However, the applicability of previous research on parental feeding styles was limited by small sample size. To evaluate the influence of parental feeding styles on children's dietary patterns, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 4553 pre-schoolers in Hong Kong. Information was obtained about dietary intake and how regularly they had breakfast, using previous health surveillance surveys taken among primary school students. Parental feeding styles were assessed by a validated Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire and categorized into 'instrumental feeding', 'emotional feeding', 'prompting and encouragement to eat' and 'control over eating'. Multivariable analysis was performed, adjusted for demographic information. Instrumental and/or emotional feeding was found to relate to inadequate consumption of fruit, vegetables and breakfast, and positively correlated with intake of high-energy-density food. Encouragement on eating was associated with more frequent consumption of fruits, vegetables, dairy products and breakfast. Control over eating correlated with more frequent consumption of fruits, vegetables and breakfast, and less consumption of dairy products and high-energy-density food. The present study has provided evidence on the associations between parental feeding styles and dietary patterns of Hong Kong pre-school children from a reasonably large population. Parents should avoid instrumental and emotional feeding, and implement control and encouragement to promote healthy food intake

  18. The Relationship Between Breast Feeding and Body Mass Index and Blood Pressure in Pre-School Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafa Behjati-Ardakani

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: It is generally accepted that breast feeding has a beneficial effect on the health of infants and children. The evidence that breast feeding protects against obesity is inconclusive also the influence of breast feeding on blood pressure in later life is uncertain. The major aim of this study was to assess the association between method of infant breast feeding and components of the body mass index and blood pressure in pre-school children. Materials & Methods: In a cohort study, a total of 800 pre-school children, 359 (47.2% males, and 402 (52.8% females, born in 2003 in Yazd, Iran were selected based on a systematic stratified random model. Of eight hundred questionnaires sent, 761 (95% were returned to the investigators. At 6 years, blood pressure was measured on the right arm at rest. Body mass index (BMI was calculated by dividing the weight in kilograms by the square of height in meters (kg/m2.Data on infants feeding were collected respectively during first two years of life .Data were managed and analyzed using SPSS (SPSS, Inc, version 13.0 Results: Of the 761 subjects included in this study, 452 (59.4% were exclusively breast fed, 136 (17.9% were bottle fed and 173 (22.7% were partially breast fed. Body mass index was not significantly different between bottle feeding, partial and exclusive breast feeding groups (P=0.398 ..No relationship was found between method and duration of breast feeding, and systolic blood pressure (P=0.244, diastolic blood pressure (P=0.781 and mean blood pressure (P=0.483. Conclusion: We did not find association between method of infant feeding, duration of breast feeding and systolic, diastolic mean blood pressures and also with body mass index

  19. Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus (HPV in upper respiratory tract mucosa in a group of pre-school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslaw Szydłowski

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available [b]introduction[/b]. Human Papillomavirus (HPV is a group of DNA viruses which is an etiological factor of many benign and malignant diseases of the upper respiratory tract mucosa, female genital tract and the skin. HPV infection is considered a sexually-transmitted infection, but can also be transmitted by non-sexual routes, including perinatal vertical transmission, physical contact, iatrogenic infection and autoinoculation. Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP in children is connected with HPV infection transmitted vertically from mother to child during the passage of the foetus through an infected birth canal. [b]objective. [/b]The aim of this study was to establish the level of Human Papillomaviruses carrier state in upper respiratory tract mucosa in healthy pre-school children, and to identify potential risk factors for HPV infection. [b]materials and method[/b]. After obtaining consent from their parents, 97 pre-school children were examined – 51 girls and 46 boys between the ages of 3 – 5 years; average age – 4 years and 5 months. 68 children were urban dwellers and 29 came from a rural environment. A questionnaire with detailed history was taken including parents’ and child`s personal data, as well as perinatal risk factors in pregnancy. Socio-demographic information was also obtained, including the standard of living, and chosen environmental factors. Routine ENT examination was performed. Exfoliated oral squamous cells were collected from swabs and analysed for the presence of DNA papillomaviruses by polymerase chain reaction. [b]results.[/b] The presence of HPV in the respiratory tract in children was detected in 19.6% cases. ‘High oncogenic potential’ HPVs, such as HPV-16 and HPV-18, were not observed in squamous cell mucosa of the respiratory tract in the children. No significant differences were observed between the HPV carrier state in urban and rural inhabitants.

  20. Chinese Students' Great Expectations: Prospective Pre-School Teachers on the Move

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thogersen, Stig

    2012-01-01

    The article focuses on Chinese students' hopes and expectations before leaving to study abroad. The national political environment for their decision to go abroad is shaped by an official narrative of China's transition to a more creative and innovative economy. Students draw on this narrative to interpret their own educational histories and prior…

  1. Game-Based Language Learning for Pre-School Children: A Design Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Bente

    2013-01-01

    During the last decade there has been a growing focus on preschool learning within education, especially with regard to the learning of basic literacies such as reading and writing. In addition to this many nation states increasingly focus on the basic literacy competences of the information society, ICT and English. This has, as suggested by for…

  2. Effects of a Tablet-Based Mathematics Application for Pre-School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosko, Karl; Ferdig, Richard

    2016-01-01

    Tablets such as "iPad," "Android," and "Windows" devices have become ubiquitous in both the home and school settings. Adults and kids of all ages are using these tools and the associated apps to do everything from education to entertainment. Although there has been a positive relationship in the research between…

  3. Chinese Students' Great Expectations: Prospective Pre-School Teachers on the Move

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thogersen, Stig

    2012-01-01

    The article focuses on Chinese students' hopes and expectations before leaving to study abroad. The national political environment for their decision to go abroad is shaped by an official narrative of China's transition to a more creative and innovative economy. Students draw on this narrative to interpret their own educational histories…

  4. Baseline Assessment Literature Review and Pre-School Record Keeping in Scotland. Interchange No. 55.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, J. Eric; Watt, Joyce; Napuk, Angela; Normand, Barbara

    1998-01-01

    Every opportunity should be taken to communicate research findings both inside and outside government programs and make them accessible to policy makers, teachers, lecturers, parents, and employers. The "Interchange" series aims to further improve the Educational Research Unit's (ERU) dissemination of the findings of research funded by…

  5. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali tegevuspreemia 2014 = The Endowment for architecture's prize for activity in the field of architecture 2014 / Epp Lankots, Andres Kurg ; kommenteerinud Ignar Fjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali tegevuspreemia 2014: Epp Lankotsa doktoriväitekiri "Moodsa arhitektuuri kriitiline historiograafia. Modernsuse käsitlused Leo Gensi ja Leonhard Lapini arhitektuuriajaloolistes tekstides 1960.-1980. aastail"; Andres Kure doktoriväitekiri ""Boundary disruptions: late-soviet transformations in art, space and subjectivity in Tallinn 1968-1979" ("Segilöödud piirid, hilisnõukogude muutused kunstis, ruumis ja subjektsuses Tallinnas aastatel 1968-1979")

  6. Kaadrid otsustavad endiselt kõik / Kersti Kivirüüt, Epp Adler, Andi Einaste, Maris Liiders ; intervjueerinud Meeli Parijõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Saku gümnaasiumis arutleti õpilaste korraldatud foorumil Eesti hariduse oleviku ja tuleviku üle. Intervjuu külalisesinejatega, kelleks tänavu olid haridus- ja teadusministeeriumi üldharidusosakonna peaekspert Kersti Kivirüüt, Epp Adler MTÜ-st HeadEst, Saku abivallavanem haridus-, kultuuri- ja sotsiaalhoolekande alal Andi Einaste ning Harju maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Maris Liiders

  7. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali tegevuspreemia 2014 = The Endowment for architecture's prize for activity in the field of architecture 2014 / Epp Lankots, Andres Kurg ; kommenteerinud Ignar Fjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali tegevuspreemia 2014: Epp Lankotsa doktoriväitekiri "Moodsa arhitektuuri kriitiline historiograafia. Modernsuse käsitlused Leo Gensi ja Leonhard Lapini arhitektuuriajaloolistes tekstides 1960.-1980. aastail"; Andres Kure doktoriväitekiri ""Boundary disruptions: late-soviet transformations in art, space and subjectivity in Tallinn 1968-1979" ("Segilöödud piirid, hilisnõukogude muutused kunstis, ruumis ja subjektsuses Tallinnas aastatel 1968-1979")

  8. Kaadrid otsustavad endiselt kõik / Kersti Kivirüüt, Epp Adler, Andi Einaste, Maris Liiders ; intervjueerinud Meeli Parijõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Saku gümnaasiumis arutleti õpilaste korraldatud foorumil Eesti hariduse oleviku ja tuleviku üle. Intervjuu külalisesinejatega, kelleks tänavu olid haridus- ja teadusministeeriumi üldharidusosakonna peaekspert Kersti Kivirüüt, Epp Adler MTÜ-st HeadEst, Saku abivallavanem haridus-, kultuuri- ja sotsiaalhoolekande alal Andi Einaste ning Harju maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Maris Liiders

  9. Quality reform and "the learning pre-school child" in the making

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krejsler, John B.

    2012-01-01

    to national governments, local municipalities and ECEC institutions. Drawing on theoretical insights from Foucauldian genealogy, Laclau and others, the article explores how these policy processes reconfigure what counts as quality in ECEC in a Danish context. It is substantiated how the Danish government...... promotes governance structures among municipalities and professionals that pull ECEC into comprehensive educational strategies. This process draws on policy advice from the OECD and EU. Quality reform thus changes in fundamental ways the organisation and content in ECEC. In discourse, learning displaces......The article argues that Early Childhood Education & Care (ECEC) is being redesigned based on quality reform discourse with references to global knowledge economy across Nordic countries and the EU. This takes place in policy processes that extend from transnational agents like the OECD and EU...

  10. SUGGESTOPEDIA AS THE METHOD OF THE MUSIC EXPERIENCE FORMATION OF PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalya T. Таgiltseva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to consider the possibility of suggestopedia methods use that are successfully practiced in foreign language teaching, pedagogy of music education of preschool children, in starting schools; to find out the degree of methods efficiency of suggestopedia in shaping the musical experience of preschool children in various activities at music lessons. Methods. The theoretical foundations of the article are views and concepts of the Bulgarian researcher, teacher and psychologist, G. Lozanov; he had studied out the suggestopedia method for foreign language teaching, and the theory of meta-subject education on the basis of artistic-creative activity and appeal to masterpieces of art. Monitoring and surveillance over non-verbal behavior of children, surveys and discussions were used as practical methods. Results. Musical experience of the child is considered as the process of the development of musical memory. Many suggestopedia techniques developed by Bulgarian and Russian researchers were selected and tested; those that involve the use of involuntary memorization of music when performing creative tasks: free movement or plastic intonation, paint color schemes, music and organizational tasks related to the preparation and conduct music lessons. Three series of diagnostic tasks associated with memory, remembering and recognition of classical pieces of music unknown for preschoolers were worked out to test the effectiveness of these methods and its integration into the process of preschoolers’ music education. The conducted experiment has shown that methods of suggestopedia provide memory activation – children keep in memory classical music. Scientific novelty. The research demonstrates the application reasonability of suggestopedia methods used at foreign language teaching, music education of preschool children and juniors. It has been proved that involuntary memorizing of classical music by children listening to background

  11. CULTURAS INFANTIS EM CRECHES E PRÉ-ESCOLAS: ESTÁGIO E PESQUISA. CHILDREN CULTURES IN NURSERIES AND PRE-SCHOOLS: TRAINING AND RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Macedo, Elina Elias

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available RESENHA, REVIEWCULTURAS INFANTIS EM CRECHE E PRÉ-ESCOLAS: ESTÁGIO E PESQUISACHILDREN CULTURES IN NURSERIES AND PRE-SCHOOLS: TRAINING AND RESEARCH[GEPEDISC - Culturas Infantis. Culturas Infantis em creches e pré-escolas: estágio e pesquisa. Campinas, SP: Autores Associados, 1ª. ed., 2011, 171p.

  12. Role of Assessment Tests in the Stability of Intelligence Scoring of Pre-School Children with Uneven/Delayed Cognitive Profile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, P.; Jong, Y-J.; Hsu, H-Y.; Lung, F-W.

    2011-01-01

    Background: As part of an ongoing clinical service programme for pre-school children with developmental delay in an Asian developing country, we analysed the effect of three assessment tests, that is, Bayley Scale of Infant Development-II, Leiter International Performance Scale-Revised and Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of…

  13. Determinants of Child Outcomes in a Cohort of Children in the Free Pre-School Year in Ireland, 2012/2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKeown, Kieran; Haase, Trutz; Pratschke, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    The study analyses determinants of child outcomes in a cohort of children who participated in the Free Pre-School Year. Child outcomes are measured through a before-and-after assessment of children using the Early Development Instrument. The sample comprises 448 children in 70 early years centres. There are three main findings. First, children…

  14. The Effectiveness of the Constant Time Delay Procedure in Teaching Pre-School Academic Skills to Children with Developmental Disabilities in a Small Group Teaching Arrangement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldemir, Ozgul; Gursel, Oguz

    2014-01-01

    Children with developmental disabilities are trained using different teaching arrangements. One of these arrangements is called small-group teaching. It has been ascertained that a small-group teaching arrangement is more effective than a one-to-one teaching arrangement. In that sense, teaching academic skills to pre-school children in small-group…

  15. Association of consumption of products containing milk fat with reduced asthma risk in pre-school children : the PIAMA birth cohort study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijga, AH; Smit, HA; Kerkhof, M; de Jongste, JC; Gerritsen, J; Neijens, HJ; Boshuizen, HC; Brunekreef, B

    2003-01-01

    Background: Environment and lifestyle contribute to the development of asthma in children. Understanding the relevant factors in this relationship may provide methods of prevention. The role of diet in the development of asthma in pre-school children was investigated. Methods: Data from 2978 childre

  16. Determinants of Child Outcomes in a Cohort of Children in the Free Pre-School Year in Ireland, 2012/2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKeown, Kieran; Haase, Trutz; Pratschke, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    The study analyses determinants of child outcomes in a cohort of children who participated in the Free Pre-School Year. Child outcomes are measured through a before-and-after assessment of children using the Early Development Instrument. The sample comprises 448 children in 70 early years centres. There are three main findings. First, children…

  17. A study of cognitive reflection prerequisites in pre-school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.S. Knyazeva

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Cognitive reflection is a necessary condition for productivity of children education programs. Meanwhile, preconditions for the development of cognitive reflection, formed during the preschool years, are still poorly understood. The article discusses theoretical and practical significance of its study. We present tools development to identify the preconditions of cognitive reflection in preschoolers. We describe a pilot study using this tool, in which age-related features and the dynamics of reflexive abilities were identified. We define a strategy for further research on the issue of children reflective abilities.

  18. Propolis Standardized Extract (EPP-AF®, an Innovative Chemically and Biologically Reproducible Pharmaceutical Compound for Treating Wounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andresa Aparecida Berretta, Andresa Piacezzi Nascimento, Paula Carolina Pires Bueno, Mirela Mara de Oliveira Lima Leite Vaz, Juliana Maldonado Marchetti

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to develop a formulation, containing the propolis standardized extract (EPP-AF®, which can assist in the healing of skin lesions. To achieve this objective the antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of the propolis extract was determined. The final product was subjected to in vitro and in vivo pre-clinical evaluation. The broth macrodilution method was used to determine the antimicrobial activity of the extracts and formulations against the microorganisms most commonly found in burns, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Wistar rats with puncture wounded skin were used to evaluate the wound healing properties of propolis. The results of chemical and biological characterization demonstrated the batch-to-batch reproducibility of the standardized extract which is an unprecedented result. The antimicrobial and wound healing activity of the pharmaceutical studied showed the best results when samples contain 3.6% propolis, suggesting that this is the most promising composition.

  19. Intelligence development of socio-economically disadvantaged pre-school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sefa Bulut

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The intellectual development of socioeconomically disadvantaged preschool children is influenced by several factors. The development of intelligence is a multidimensional concept that is determined by biological, social, and environmental factors. In this literature review, however, only the social and environmental factors are discussed. Some of the factors that have profound effect on children's cognitive development are as follows: environmental stimulation, parental attitudes, maternal age, and education. Successful intervention and prevention programs aimed at enhancing children's cognitive development are also exemplified. It appears that early intervention programs in the second and third year of an infant's life have fundamental effects on the cognitive development of disadvan-taged children. It is clear that learning starts with birth. Longitudinal studies revealed that the most effective period for intervention is early childhood. Those who received early day-care and preschool intervention programs have sustained these gains in adolescence and adulthood. Those benefits include higher IQ scores, better achievement test scores, better reading and math skills, more educational attainment, more college degrees, and fewer psychosocial and mental health problems. Therefore, it appears that investing in early high-quality programs provide multiple advantages for individuals and society. Social activists, psychologists, and counsellors should make every effort to affect the allocation of governmental funds and policies.

  20. Sport, Physical Education And Coaching in Health (SPEACH) project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dr. Johan de Jong

    2015-01-01

    Main goal of the Sport Physical Education And Coaching in Health Project (SPEACH/Erasmus+ 557083-EPP-1-2014-1-NL-SPO-SCP) is to increase awareness and behavioural change in sport professionals and European citizens towards an active and healthy lifestyle. Sedentariness and physical inactivity are a

  1. Sport, Physical Education And Coaching in Health (SPEACH) project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jong, Johan de

    2015-01-01

    Main goal of the Sport Physical Education And Coaching in Health Project (SPEACH/Erasmus+ 557083-EPP-1-2014-1-NL-SPO-SCP) is to increase awareness and behavioural change in sport professionals and European citizens towards an active and healthy lifestyle. Sedentariness and physical inactivity are a

  2. National immunisation days and vitamin A distribution in Mali: has the vitamin A status of pre-school children improved?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schémann, J F; Banou, A; Malvy, D; Guindo, A; Traore, L; Momo, G

    2003-05-01

    The impact on vitamin A status of the distribution of vitamin A during national immunisation days (NIDs) has not been well established despite strong promotion by international agencies and donors. Using a pre-post design, the change in prevalence of vitamin A deficiency was examined in pre-school children in Mali. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in Mopti region, the first in March 1997 before this strategy was adopted and the second in March 1999, four-and-a-half months after a mass distribution of vitamin A during NIDs. We compared the vitamin A status of children aged 12 to 66 months targeted in 1999 by NIDs with the status of children in the same age group in 1997. Infectious events of the previous two weeks were concurrently recorded. Within the 1999 sample, the status of recipient and non-recipient children was also compared. In 1997, the prevalence of xerophthalmia (defined by the presence of night blindness and/or Bitot spots) was 6.9% (95% confidence interval (CI) 5.1-9.2) and the modified retinol dose response (MRDR) test proved abnormal in 77.8% of 12-66-month-old children (95% CI 68.27-85.17). In 1999 this picture had improved significantly, both for xerophthalmia prevalence, 3.3% (95% CI 2.1-5.2), and abnormal MRDR test response, 63.1% (95% CI 54.25-71.23). The infectious morbidity rates between 1997 and 1999 tended to decrease. No significant improvement was found among children older than those targeted by NIDs. In 1999, children who received vitamin A had a lower risk for xerophthalmia (3.0% for recipients vs. 8.7% for non-recipients) and experienced fewer infectious events. The clinical and biological vitamin A status of pre-school children improved between 1997 and 1999. Mass distribution of vitamin A appears to reduce the occurrence of xerophthalmia and would seem to be associated with a decrease in other related illnesses. Vitamin A supplementation during NIDs should be given a high priority when vitamin A deficiency remains a public

  3. Current Approach to Treatment and Follow-Up of Pre-School Children with Wheezing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pınar Uysal

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Exacerbations of wheezing or airway hyperreactivity in early years of life might be the first sign of developing asthma. Therefore, management of these children is important. The first and the most important step of the management is the primary prevention against asthma with education of the patient and his caregivers. In acute exacerbation of wheezing the most preferred treatment should be β2-agonists for both of the episodic and multi-trigger wheezing. Bronchodilators provide symptomatic relief in acute wheezy episodes but the evidence for oral steroid usage is contraversial for children. Parent initiated oral steroid courses cannot be recommended. Although maintenance treatment with low to moderate continuous inhaled corticosteroids (ICS in pure episodic (viral wheeze is ineffective, it has beneficial effects in multi-trigger wheezing.High dose ICS used intermittently are effective in children with both of the wheezing types, but this is associated with short term effects on growth and cannot be recommended as a routine. Leucotrien receptor antagonists (LTRA might be recommended as continuous treatment for children with multi-trigger wheezing. Antihistamines, ketotifen and cromolyns do not have a role in management of wheezing in children. (Jo­ur­nal of Cur­rent Pe­di­at­rics 2012; 10: 98-102

  4. ATTITUDES OF HEALTHY CHILDREN PARENTS TOWARDS HANDICAPPED CHILDREN AT THE PRE-SCHOOL AGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruzica KERAMICIEVA

    1997-03-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1970-ties, in the USA and Western and Eastern Europe, the model of segregated education has been abandoned, and nowadays the handicapped children attend regular schools all together with other healthy pupils. This , so called Integrative Pedagogy, proceeds from the mental hygiene aspects according to which the restrictive environment in special schools has not been a favorable one for the development of those children.The integrational process of these children in preschool institutions and schools has rather been difficult due to a number of reasons. As one of them, already mentioned and found in literature , has been the negative attitude of non-handicapped children parents towards those handicapped in their development.The problem of this research is to check and test the attitude of healthy children parents towards handicapped children at preschool age. This research shall also tend to analyze the origin of the such attitudes i. e. , whether they have been a result of an insufficient information and ignorance of the obstacles during development, or been produced by imitation of the environment, or due to an empathy, or even because of the fear that “ such a thing better never enter their home”, etc.We sincerely believe that, revealing the above parents’ attitudes and their origin, would certainly bring finding ways of their successful socialization and making the integrational process of handicapped children with their normal mates in preschool institutions easier.

  5. Towards Building Web Based Augmented Reality Application for Pre-School Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sule Tekkesinoglu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this work is to present a concept for web based Augmented Reality. We have many examples of Augmented Reality systems in different field from military applications to medical applications, from entertainment to manufacturing. In this paper we worked on how virtual environments can be combined with web based applications. Internet users need web sites for many reasons in daily life. On the other hand, Augmented Reality is one of the popular fields on virtual environment technologies that it would be useful to associate these two technologies. In this study JavaScript were used as main language to build Augmented Reality application supported by three different libraries each with a specific role. The libraries which are used through coding are Flartoolkit, Papervision3D, and Flex SDK. The outcome of this combined algorithms shows that the method is accomplished web based Augmented Reality for preschool children to provide educators a way to teach students with deeper, and more meaningful experiences in the academy.

  6. The development of communicative competence of the preschool-aged children in context of curricular reform of Czech education

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    This bachelor thesis introduces the problems of the communicative competence development in the Frame work educational programme for pre-school education (below RVP PV) and describes how to include this issue in the school educational programme of the kindergarten, where I work. The main objective is to create an experimental programme to support pre-school children communication skills development followed by subsequent verification of its effectivity. The theoretical part of the thesis deal...

  7. Contribuição da educação infantil para o letramento: um estudo a partir do conhecimento de crianças sobre textos The contribution of pre-school to literacy: a study about children's textual knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Tarciana de Almeida Barros

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Considerando que mesmo indivíduos não alfabetizados fazem usos sociais da leitura e da escrita e que a escola tem papel importante nestes usos, o presente estudo investigou a contribuição da educação infantil para o letramento em crianças ainda não alfabetizadas. Em uma perspectiva psicológica, o letramento foi examinando a partir do conhecimento sobre textos e seus portadores. Crianças na faixa etária entre 7 e 8 anos com diferentes níveis de escolaridade (três anos, dois anos, um ano e sem educação infantil foram solicitadas a identificar diferentes portadores de textos (Tarefa 1 e a discriminar textos de diferentes gêneros (Tarefa 2. Observou-se que as crianças tinham um conhecimento limitado sobre textos e seus portadores, e que os anos de educação infantil não propiciaram o desenvolvimento deste conhecimento.Taking into consideration that even illiterate individuals make social uses of reading and writing, and that school has an important role in such uses, this study investigated the contribution that pre-school education has to literacy in terms of social practice for illiterate children. In a psychological perspective, literacy was examined based on the knowledge of texts and their media. Children aged 7 and 8 with different levels of schooling (three years, two years, one year, and no pre-school education were asked to identify different text media (Task 1 and to discriminate texts of different genres (Task 2. We observed that children had limited knowledge of texts and their media, and that the years of pre-school education did not promote the development of such knowledge.

  8. A community-based caries control program for pre-school children using topical fluorides: 18-month results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, E C; Chu, C H; Lin, H C

    2001-12-01

    Dental caries in Chinese pre-school children is common, and restorative treatment is not readily available. This prospective controlled clinical trial investigated the effectiveness of topical fluoride applications in arresting dentin caries. We divided 375 children (aged 3-5 yrs) with carious upper anterior teeth into five groups. Children in the first and second groups received annual applications of silver diamine fluoride solution (44,800 ppm F). NaF varnish (22,600 ppm F) was applied every three months onto the lesions of children in the third and fourth groups. For children in the first and third groups, soft carious tissues were removed prior to fluoride application. The fifth group was the control. We followed 341 children for 18 months. The mean numbers of new caries surfaces in the five groups were 0.4, 0.4, 0.8, 0.6, and 1.2, respectively (p = 0.001). The respective mean numbers of arrested carious tooth surfaces were 2.8, 3.0, 1.7, 1.5, and 1.0 (p < 0.001).

  9. The Tanita SC-240 to Assess Body Composition in Pre-School Children: An Evaluation against the Three Component Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delisle Nyström, Christine; Henriksson, Pontus; Alexandrou, Christina; Löf, Marie

    2016-06-16

    Quick, easy-to-use, and valid body composition measurement options for young children are needed. Therefore, we evaluated the ability of the bioelectrical impedance (BIA) device, Tanita SC-240, to measure fat mass (FM), fat free mass (FFM) and body fatness (BF%) in 40 healthy, Swedish 5.5 years old children against the three component model (3C model). Average BF%, FM, and FFM for BIA were: 19.4% ± 3.9%, 4.1 ± 1.9 kg, and 16.4 ± 2.4 kg and were all significantly different (p model (25.1% ± 5.5%, 5.3 ± 2.5 kg, and 15.2 ± 2.0 kg). Bland and Altman plots had wide limits of agreement for all body composition variables. Significant correlations ranging from 0.81 to 0.96 (p model. When dividing the children into tertiles for BF%, 60% of children were classified correctly by means of BIA. In conclusion, the Tanita SC-240 underestimated BF% in comparison to the 3C model and had wide limits of agreement. Further work is needed in order to find accurate and easy-to-use methods for assessing body composition in pre-school children.

  10. Reliability of primary caregivers reports on lifestyle behaviours of European pre-school children: the ToyBox-study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Gil, E M; Mouratidou, T; Cardon, G; Androutsos, O; De Bourdeaudhuij, I; Góźdź, M; Usheva, N; Birnbaum, J; Manios, Y; Moreno, L A

    2014-08-01

    Reliable assessments of health-related behaviours are necessary for accurate evaluation on the efficiency of public health interventions. The aim of the current study was to examine the reliability of a self-administered primary caregivers questionnaire (PCQ) used in the ToyBox-intervention. The questionnaire consisted of six sections addressing sociodemographic and perinatal factors, water and beverages consumption, physical activity, snacking and sedentary behaviours. Parents/caregivers from six countries (Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Poland and Spain) were asked to complete the questionnaire twice within a 2-week interval. A total of 93 questionnaires were collected. Test-retest reliability was assessed using intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). Reliability of the six questionnaire sections was assessed. A stronger agreement was observed in the questions addressing sociodemographic and perinatal factors as opposed to questions addressing behaviours. Findings showed that 92% of the ToyBox PCQ had a moderate-to-excellent test-retest reliability (defined as ICC values from 0.41 to 1) and less than 8% poor test-retest reliability (ICC PCQ is a reliable tool to assess sociodemographic characteristics, perinatal factors and lifestyle behaviours of pre-school children and their families participating in the ToyBox-intervention.

  11. USING DIDACTIC GAMES FOR THE FORMATION OF GEOGRAPHICAL REPRESENTATIONS AND OF VARIOUS ABILITIES IN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANCA VIORICA HAIDU

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to investigate the way in which it is possible to influence the formation of geographical representations and the development of skills through didactic games in the field of Geography. The work hypothesis for this research was the following: if didactic games were used during the environment discovery classes, the result would be the development of children’s representations and cognitive abilities. An experimental activity was organized during the 2011-2012 school year at the Kindergarten in Chieşd. Research involved 23 children in the pre-school group. The accomplishment of the research goals covered a number of different stages. First, we selected the Geography topics to be covered, the objectives and the games. We conceived and applied an initial test; we involved the children in learning situations based on didactic games with various Geography contents, after which a final test was applied. At the end of the study, the tested hypothesis was confirmed.

  12. Food choices made by low-income households when feeding their pre-school children: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovelace, Sally; Rabiee-Khan, Fatemeh

    2015-10-01

    The growing concern about poor dietary practices among low-income families has led to a 'victim blaming' culture that excludes wider social and environmental factors, which influence household food choices. This small-scale qualitative study investigated influences on the diets of young children in families on a low income in the West Midlands, UK. Using semi-structured interview schedule, rich data was gathered through individual interviews with 11 mothers of pre-school children. Information was collected about the type and range of food given following the introduction of solid foods including factors influencing parent's knowledge and diet, sources of nutrition advice and financial constraints. Food accessibility and storage issues were also explored. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed and analysed using a modified grounded theory approach. Findings highlighted that parents and professionals may have different interpretations about 'cooking from scratch'. The results indicated that some parents have poor understanding of what constitutes a healthy diet. However, most parents included fruit and vegetables to varying degrees and were motivated to give their children healthy foods, suggesting that, with adequate support and information, the diets of these children could be improved. There was evidence that when striving to improve the diet of their children, many parents' diets also improved. The findings from this small-scale in-depth study highlighted a number of issues for local and national policy and practice in the area of nutrition and child health in the early years. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. An evaluation of an attempt to change the snacking habits of pre-school children using social marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, J; Hackett, A; Duggan, B; Ellis, T; Forrest, D; Grey, P

    2009-09-01

    To demonstrate the feasibility and value of social marketing over a wide geographical footprint, and to improve the snacking habits of pre-school children. Two cross-sectional studies before and approximately 3 months after a social marketing intervention targeted into the least affluent areas using convenience sampling. Based on market research and directed at the least affluent areas, a brand was created ('Snack Right') and an information leaflet was distributed, supported by a media launch and events at children's centres in targeted areas. This evaluation of some aspects of the project is based on a questionnaire delivered before and after the events. There were several differences in pre- and post-event responses consistent with the messages delivered, for example increased spending on fruit (but not vegetables) and more positive attitudes towards fruits and vegetables. Some ambiguities were exposed, for example towards snacking, which have implications for the nutritional knowledge of health professionals. The Snack Right brand was recalled by a very high proportion of respondents at follow-up. This project has shown that social marketing is a viable tool at a subregional level and has the potential to change attitudes, knowledge and behaviour.

  14. Effects of maternal gate-keeping behavior on father involvement in care of a pre-school child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihić Ivana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The research so far indicates that the context in which the father’s role takes place significantly influences the form and level of father involvement in taking care of the child. The primary goal of this research was to describe the forms and effects of maternal gate-keeping behavior as a characteristic form of interaction between parents which is, as part of the context, considered a significant factor in father involvement in care of the child. Research participants were 247 parental couples from complete families whose oldest child attended a pre-school institution. Fathers provided assessments of their own involvement via the Father Involvement Inventory, as well as assessments of prominence of gate-keeping behavior in their wives via the checklist of maternal gate-keeping behavior. Mothers reported on their beliefs about the importance and possibilities of father involvement in care of the child, as well as on their personal satisfaction with the current involvement of their husband in the joint care of the child. The results point out to the particular forms of mothers’ ambivalence when it comes to the joint care of the child, which is a form of gate-keeping behavior. The frequency of gate-keeping behavior, assessed by the checklist, significantly changes the possibilities of father involvement in taking care of the child in the developmental phase of the family, having in mind that the task of this phase is precisely the definition of parental roles and formation of parent cooperative principle.

  15. Predictors of needs for community and financial resources for families of pre-school children with cerebral palsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertule D.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available An understanding of predictors of family needs for the families of preschool children with cerebral palsy (CP is important for provision of efficient and cost-effective services. The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of children, families and services that are risk factors to meeting family needs for community and financial resources. 234 parents of pre-school children with CP completed a modified version of the Family Needs Survey (FNS, the Measure of Processes of Care (MPOC-20, and a demographic questionnaire. The gross motor function level and communication function level of children were classified on the basis of the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS and the Communication Function Classification System (CFCS respectively. Two hierarchical multiple regression models were generated to determine the predictors of unmet family needs. The socialisation and communication skills of children, as well as caregiver employment and family income levels were significant predictors of family needs for community resources (adjusted R2=0.44. Significant risk factors in terms of family needs for financial resources included the child's gross motor limitations, caregiver employment, low levels of family income and no ability to receive services on the basis of enabling and partnership principles (adjusted R2=0.51. A child's limitations in terms of communication, gross motor functions and socialisation, as well as the socioeconomic status of the child's family, must be taken into account when planning services for families with preschool children with CP.

  16. On Bilingual Education for Pre-school Children%试论学前儿童的双语教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶玉凤

    2010-01-01

    目前,在学前教育界和心理语言学界普遍掀起对学前儿童进行双语研究的热潮.本文从学前儿童进行双语教育的可行性和重要性出发;针对当前学前儿童双语教育实际,客观地分析了学前儿童双语教育发展的方向.

  17. Mother Tongue Education: Necessary? Possible? Sustainable?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Barbara Elaine

    2010-01-01

    Issues affecting pre-school education in a rural area of Kenya are highlighted in a study of a mother tongue education (MTE) programme in one indigenous language group, the Pokomo. Factors supporting the introduction of MTE include official support for MTE, the welcoming of non-government stakeholder involvement in education, the presence of…

  18. Soil-Transmitted Helminths and Associated Factors among Pre-School Children in Butajira Town, South-Central Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teha Shumbej

    Full Text Available Soil-transmitted helminths (STH remain a major public health problem, particularly in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Though infections are prevalent among all age groups, the world health organization (WHO considers Pre-school age children (PSAC, school-aged children, and pregnant women as segments of population at high risk of STH morbidities.This study aimed at determining the prevalence and infection intensity of STH and associated factors among PSAC in Butajira Town, south-central Ethiopia.A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from May to June, 2014 in Butajira Town. The PSAC were selected by systematic sampling technique and invited to participate in the present study. McMaster technique was employed for parasitological analysis of stool samples. Pearson's Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were performed where appropriate to identify any association between STH infection and independent factors. Multivariate logistic regression model was fitted to identify independent predictors of STH among the PSAC. P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.A total of 377 (with 96% compliance rate PSAC were able to provide complete data (socio-demographic information and stool sample. The study showed that 23.3% (88/377 PSAC were infected with one or more species of STH. Ascaris lumbricoides was the most prevalent STH (14.9% followed by Trichuris trichiura (6.4%. The overall infection intensity, expressed as geometric mean for A. lumbricoides, T. trichiura, and hookworms were 229, 178, and 154 eggs per gram of stool, respectively. The multivariate logistic regression model estimated that being in the age group of 36-47 months (AOR: 2.5, 95% CI: 1.2-5.3, P = 0.016, untrimmed finger nail (AOR: 3.2, 95% CI: 1.8-5.5, P < 0.001, and not washing hands before a meal (AOR: 3.0, 95% CI: 1.7-5.4, P < 0.001 were independent predictors of STH infections among the children.The present study showed that STH was a

  19. Speaking rate, conversational speech acts, interruption, and linguistic complexity of 20 pre-school stuttering and non-stuttering children and their mothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, B P

    2000-01-01

    This is the second in a series of reports concerning stuttering pre-school children enrolled in a longitudinal study; the first was Ryan (1992). Conversational samples of 20 stuttering and 20 non-stuttering pre-school children and their mothers were analysed for speaking rate, conversational speech acts, interruption, and linguistic complexity. Between-group analyses revealed few differences between either the two children or two mother groups. Within-group analyses indicated differences that involved conversational speech acts and linguistic complexity. Most stuttering occurred on statements (M = 32.3% stuttered) and questions (M = 20.9% stuttered). Stuttered and disfluent sentences had higher Developmental Sentence Scoring (DSS) (Lee, 1974) scores (M = 10.9, 12.9, respectively) than fluent sentences (M = 7.6). Multiple correlation analyses indicated that speaking rate of mothers (0.561) and normal disfluency of children (0.396) were major predictor variables.

  20. Investigating the Relationship between Pre-School Teachers’ Problem Solving Skills andTheir Epistemological Beliefs, Creativity Levels and Thinking Styles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamdenur Uzunoğlu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate whether the epistemological beliefs, creativity levels and thinking styles of pre-school teachers are significant predictors of their problem solving skills and in accordance with this purpose, a correlational survey design was used. The sample of this study consists of 155 pre school teachers working in Isparta in the school year 2011-2012. As data collection tools, “Problem Solving Inventory”, “Epistemological Beliefs Scale, “How Creative Are You?” and lastly, “Thinking Styles Inventory” were used. Data were analyzed by stepwise multiple regression analysis. In this study, it has been found that problem solving skills of the teachers are a significant predictor of preschool teachers’ perceptions of their creativity levels positively and perceptions of their conventional thinking styles negatively in the belief that learning depends on ability.

  1. Seasonal prevalence and incidence of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis and associated diarrhoea in children attending pre-schools in Kafue, Zambia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siwila, J.; Phiri, I.G.K.; Enemark, Heidi L.

    2011-01-01

    Prevalence, incidence and seasonal variation of Cryptosporidium and Giardia duodenalis were studied over a 12-month period in 100 children from four pre-schools in Kafue, Zambia. Questionnaire data and a single stool sample were collected monthly from each child. Samples were processed using a co...... = 0.26). We conclude that gastro-intestinal protozoal infections are highly prevalent among children attending pre-school in peri-urban Zambia highlighting the need for further studies of risk factors....... of cryptosporidiosis while 75% had giardiasis. Cumulative incidence per 100 children was 75.4 for Cryptosporidium and 49.0 for G. duodenalis. Both infections were significantly more common in the wet compared to the dry season (34.8%, 162/466 vs. 24.7%, 79/320, P = 0.003 and 35.2%, 164/466 vs. 20.0%, 64/320, P

  2. Nurse Educator Pathway Project: a competency-based intersectoral curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Lynne; Frost, Linda J; Bigl, Julie; Clauson, Marion; McRae, Cora; Scarborough, Kathy S; Murphy, Sue; Jillings, Carol; Gillespie, Frank

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we begin by providing an overview of the Educator Pathway Project (EPP), an education infrastructure that was developed in response to emerging critical nursing workplace issues, and the related demand for enhanced workplace education. We then describe the EPP competency-based curriculum designed to prepare nurses as preceptors, mentors, and educators to lead learning with diverse learner groups. This competency-based curriculum was developed through a collaboration of nurse leaders across practice, academic, and union sectors and drew from a widely embraced curriculum development model (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyzyn, 2005). The goal of the curriculum was to prepare nurses through a four-level career pathway model that contextualized practice and education theory to various education-related roles and levels of experience within the practice setting. Over 1,100 nurses participated in this innovative intersectoral nursing initiative.

  3. Determination of essential trace elements in diets from pre-school children; Determinacao de elementos traco essenciais em dietas de criancas de idade pre-escolar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maihara, Vera Akiko; San Miguel, Americo T.; Vasconcellos, Marina Beatriz A. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    1995-12-31

    The contents of Br, Ca, Cl, Co, Cr, Cs, Fe, K, Mn, Na, Rb, Se and Zn in the 19 diet samples taken from pre-school children were determined by neutron activation analysis. The diet samples were collected by duplicate portion method. The daily intake values obtained were compared with the RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance) values. The precision and accuracy were evaluated by analyzing two biological reference materials. (author). 7 refs., 4 tabs.

  4. Social learning and aggressive and playful behaviors of pre-school boys / Aprendizagem social e comportamentos agressivo e lúdico de meninos pré-escolares

    OpenAIRE

    Timoteo Madaleno Vieira; Mendes,Francisco Dyonisio C.; Leonardo Conceição Guimarães

    2010-01-01

    We investigated the interaction between social learning factors measured by questionnaires and aggressive and playful behaviors of pre-school children, through direct observation during their playful break time. The subjects were 15 boys between four and six years old who were enrolled in a non-profit child care center in Goiânia-GO, Brazil. A multivariate analysis of variance indicated significant effects of aggressive models at home on aggression levels during playful behavior. Children exp...

  5. Beyond the dinner table: who's having breakfast, lunch and dinner family meals and which meals are associated with better diet quality and BMI in pre-school children?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berge, Jerica M; Truesdale, Kimberly P; Sherwood, Nancy E; Mitchell, Nathan; Heerman, William J; Barkin, Shari; Matheson, Donna; Levers-Landis, Carolyn E; French, Simone A

    2017-09-14

    Having frequent family dinners is associated with better diet quality in children; however, it is unknown whether the frequency of certain family meal types (i.e. dinner) is more strongly associated with better child weight and diet quality compared with other meal types (i.e. breakfast, lunch). Thus, the current study examined the frequency of eating breakfast, lunch or dinner family meals and associations with pre-school children's overall diet quality (HEI-2010) and BMI percentile. Cross-sectional baseline data (2012-2014) from two randomized controlled childhood obesity prevention trials, NET-Works and GROW, were analysed together. Studies were carried out in community and in-home settings in urban areas of Minnesota and Tennessee, USA. Parent-child (ages 2-5 years) pairs from Minnesota (n 222 non-Hispanics; n 312 Hispanics) and Tennessee (n 545 Hispanics; n 55 non-Hispanics) participated in the study. Over 80 % of families ate breakfast or lunch family meals at least once per week. Over 65 % of families ate dinner family meals ≥5 times/week. Frequency of breakfast family meals and total weekly family meals were significantly associated with healthier diet quality for non-Hispanic pre-school children (PFamily meal frequency by meal type was not associated with BMI percentile for non-Hispanic or Hispanic pre-school children. Breakfast family meal frequency and total weekly family meal frequency were associated with healthier diet quality in non-Hispanic pre-school children but not in Hispanic children. Longitudinal research is needed to clarify the association between family meal type and child diet quality and BMI percentile.

  6. Second-hand smoke exposure and the factors associated with avoidance behavior among the mothers of pre-school children: a school-based cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Wei-Ting

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Second-hand Smoke (SHS exposure is a significant public health problem that may be responsible for serious health hazards for child. This study aimed to examine the exposure status of SHS and the factors associated with SHS avoidance behavior among the mothers of pre-school children. Methods A cross-sectional study was used to obtain a sample of the mothers of pre-school children (n = 1,020 in 30 registered kindergartens in eastern Taiwan. Overall, 919 (a response rate of 90% completed the questionnaires. Regression models were used to identify factors with respect to the avoidance behavior of SHS. Results The prevalence of exposure to SHS was 70% and 50% for the mothers and their children, respectively. After adjusting for other variables, mothers who were current smokers (β = -0.260, p Conclusions The high prevalence rate of exposure to SHS for mothers and their children suggests that a well-designed future intervention program should be implemented in regard to pre-school children's mothers in order to prevent these mothers and their children from SHS exposure hazards, more particularly, to strengthen the knowledge base, to enhance self-efficacy and to foster a more positive attitude toward the avoidance of SHS in the mothers.

  7. Mastering of musical rhythm by pre-school age children with speech disorders with the help of dance-correction program trainings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrenko N.B.

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: It is known that regular listening to specially selected music develops children’s cognitive abilities. Musical influence optimizes many important functions of brain: increases mental workability; accelerates processing of information; improves short term memory. Besides, sensitivity of visual and hearing analyzers strengthens, as well as regulation of arbitrary movements; indicators of verbal and non verbal intellect improve. Purpose: to determine peculiarities of musical rhythm’s mastering by pre-school age children with speech disorders with the help of dance-correction program trainings. Material: the categories of the tested children: children of age - 4-5 and 5-6 years with speech disorders and healthy pre-school age children. Children of 4-5 years’ age composed: main group (n=12, control group (n=16; group of healthy children (n=24. For assessment of verbal thinking and rhythm-motor (or dance abilities we used complex of tests of constantly increasing difficulty. Results: we found that under influence of dance-correcting exercises activation of rhythm-motor abilities and development of cognitive functions happened in children. We also found main functional peculiarities of musical rhythm’s mastering by pre-school age children. It was determined that by the end of pedagogic experiment, main groups of children approached to groups of healthy peers by all tested characteristics. Conclusions: it is recommended to include correcting components (fit ball - dance gymnastic, tales-therapy, logo-rhythm trainings, and game fitness in trainings by choreographic program.

  8. Developing clinical practice guidelines for caries prevention and management for pre-school children through the ADAPTE process and Delphi consensus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Gillian H M; McGrath, Colman; Yiu, Cynthia K Y

    2016-06-14

    This study aims to develop consensus evidence-based clinical guidelines for caries prevention and management by caries risk assessment for pre-school children in Hong Kong. Employing the ADAPTE process, guidelines for caries prevention and management by caries risk assessment for pre-school children with a preliminary list of 91 recommendations was complied. External review of the guidelines was conducted by a panel of 41 reviewers from the Hong Kong Society of Paediatric Dentistry using a two-round web-based Delphi process. The reviewers were invited to contribute any comments on the draft-adapted guidelines and rated their agreement with each recommendation using a 9-point Likert scale. During the second round, 36 participants received anonymous feedback from the first round and assessed a narrowed list of 28 recommendations. Recommendations were retained and classified according to the median score and rating percentages by the reviewers. A total of 70 out of 91 recommendations were retained (five reached high consensus, 65 reached consensus), and 21 recommendations were discarded. Recommendations and guidelines were outlined. Caries prevention and management guidelines for pre-school children were developed for use in Hong Kong using the ADAPTE process and Delphi consensus to develop evidence-based recommendations. This can facilitate the translation of guidelines into dental practice.

  9. Social factors and television use during meals and snacks is associated with higher BMI among pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubois, Lise; Farmer, Anna; Girard, Manon; Peterson, Kelly

    2008-12-01

    The present paper examines the relationship between social factors, food consumption during television viewing, and overall television viewing and how these are associated with BMI when the role of familial and social factors are considered in a population-based birth cohort of pre-school children from Québec (Canada). The analyses were performed using data from the Longitudinal Study of Child Development in Québec (1998-2002) (LSCDQ). The study follows a representative sample (n 2103) of children born in 1998 in the Canadian province of Québec. A nutrition assessment was conducted on 1549 children aged 4.5 years and included a 24 h dietary recall, an eating behaviour and television viewing questionnaire, and a measurement of children's heights and weights. Statistical analyses were performed. Nearly one-quarter of children ate at least twice daily in front of the television. Children who consumed snacks while watching television on a daily basis had higher BMI than children who did so less frequently. Children who ate snacks in front of the television every day, or some times during the week, ate more carbohydrates (total), more fat and less protein, fewer fruits and vegetables, and drank soft drinks more often than children who never ate snacks in front of the television. Health professionals should target parents of children at risk of overweight/obesity with focused strategies to help children change the types of foods consumed during television viewing and to reduce the time spent watching television, particularly during meal times, which may change children's dietary intake and eating patterns.

  10. Development of flexible and dispersible oral formulations containing praziquantel for potential schistosomiasis treatment of pre-school age children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trastullo, Ramona; Dolci, Luisa Stella; Passerini, Nadia; Albertini, Beatrice

    2015-11-10

    Praziquantel (PZQ), an anthelmintic drug used in developing countries for the treatment of schistosome infections, was processed using the fluid bed wet granulation technology to prepare fast dispersible granules, as an appropriate and flexible dosage form for pre-school-aged children. Granulation experiments were performed incorporating PZQ either in the powder mixture, according to the traditional way, or in the liquid phase containing wetting agents. In the powder mixture several excipients were tested: Flowlac 100 as filler, Galeniq 721 (isomalt) and Neosorb P 100 T (D-sorbitol) as sweeteners and PVP K30 as binder; while in the liquid phase Lutrol F68, Cremophor RH 40 or Tween 80 as surfactants were investigated. Different formulations loaded with 10% w/w (batches 1-8) and 20% w/w of PZQ (batches 9-13) were produced The majority of granules displayed good flow properties and uniform drug content. X-ray powder diffraction showed that PZQ remained in its original crystalline state, while differential scanning calorimetry and Fourier transform-infrared analysis evidenced the formation of chemical interactions among the ingredients. The solubilisation test performed in non-sink condition to reproduce the actual condition in which a child of 4 years takes the medicine revealed that granules quickly formed a very fine suspension in water (dV90=39.9 μm). Although after the granulation process the solubility of raw PZQ was not increased, adding the aqueous suspension to 500 ml of buffer solution of pH 1.5, simulating the fasted state of a child, 50% of the drug was dissolved after 30 min. After granule manipulation with milk and fruit juices, no PZQ degradation was observed during time. Finally, the selected granule formulation provided evidence to be stable even at hot and very humid climate (30°C/75% RH), at least for the examined time.

  11. An Exploration of the Differential Effects of Parents' Authoritarianism Dimensions on Pre-school Children's Epistemic, Existential, and Relational Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guidetti, Margherita; Carraro, Luciana; Castelli, Luigi

    2017-01-01

    Research on adult populations has widely investigated the deep differences that characterize individuals who embrace either conservative or liberal views of the world. More recently, research has started to investigate these differences at very early stages of life. One major goal is to explore how parental political ideology may influence children's characteristics that are known to be associated to different ideological positions. In the present work, we further investigate the relations between parents' ideology and children cognitive processing strategies within the framework of political ideology as motivated social cognition (Jost et al., 2003) and the dual process model of political ideology (Duckitt et al., 2002). Specifically, epistemic (implicit attitudes toward order vs. chaos), existential (negativity and threat bias), and relational needs (conformity measure) were assessed in pre-school children (N = 106; 4–6 years). For each child at least one parent completed both the Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) and the Right Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) measures. Interestingly, results indicated that mothers' and fathers' responses had unique associations with children's socio-cognitive motivations, and different findings emerged in relation to the two facets of parental authoritarianism, namely dominance (i.e., SDO) and submission (i.e., RWA). More specifically, children's existential needs appeared to be more related to mothers' RWA scores, whereas children's epistemic needs appeared to be more related to fathers' SDO. Finally, parents' RWA and SDO scores appeared to have opposite effects on children's relational needs: children's conformity increased at increasing levels of mothers' RWA and decreased at increasing levels of fathers' SDO. Overall, however, results were relatively weak and several links between the responses of parents and their children were not significant, suggesting caution in drawing strong conclusions about the impact of parents

  12. Association between neighborhood socioeconomic status and screen time among pre-school children: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cutumisu Nicoleta

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sedentary behavior is considered a separate construct from physical activity and engaging in sedentary behaviors results in health effects independent of physical activity levels. A major source of sedentary behavior in children is time spent viewing TV or movies, playing video games, and using computers. To date no study has examined the impact of neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES on pre-school children's screen time behavior. Methods Proxy reports of weekday and weekend screen time (TV/movies, video games, and computer use were completed by 1633 parents on their 4-5 year-old children in Edmonton, Alberta between November, 2005 and August, 2007. Postal codes were used to classified neighborhoods into low, medium or high SES. Multiple linear and logistic regression models were conducted to examine relationships between screen time and neighborhood SES. Results Girls living in low SES neighborhoods engaged in significantly more weekly overall screen time and TV/movie minutes compared to girls living in high SES neighborhoods. The same relationship was not observed in boys. Children living in low SES neighborhoods were significantly more likely to be video game users and less likely to be computer users compared to children living in high SES neighborhoods. Also, children living in medium SES neighborhoods were significantly less likely to be computer users compared to children living in high SES neighborhoods. Conclusions Some consideration should be given to providing alternative activity opportunities for children, especially girls who live in lower SES neighborhoods. Also, future research should continue to investigate the independent effects of neighborhood SES on screen time as well as the potential mediating variables for this relationship.

  13. Methods to study pre-school teachers' voice at work: simultaneous recordings with a voice accumulator and a DAT recorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szabo, Annika; Hammarberg, Britta; Granqvist, Svante; Södersten, Maria

    2003-01-01

    Long-term recordings with reliable methods are desirable for objective documentation of voice use during natural conditions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a voice accumulator (VAC) with a digital audiotape (DAT) recorder as a reference. The VAC is based on a microprocessor that accumulates information about fundamental frequency (F0) and phonation time. A contact microphone attached to the front of the neck registers vocal fold vibrations. The DAT recorder was connected to two microphones for airborne signals placed at equal distance from the mouth close to the subject's ears. The computer program Aura was used to separate the subject's voice from the background noise. The Soundswell program was used for F0 and phonation time analysis. Two tests were performed: 1) One female speech-language pathologist was recorded with the two devices simultaneously in a sound-proof booth. She read a standard text with different voice qualities and sustained vowels with increasing F0 and intensity separately. The results showed good agreement between the two methods with respect to F0 and phonation time. However, the VAC failed to register high frequencies above around 440 Hz as well as low intensities. 2) Three female pre-school teachers were recorded with the two devices simultaneously during a working day. Results showed high correlations between the two methods in terms of long-term measurements of F0 and phonation time for two subjects For one subject with subcutaneous soft tissue on the neck, the registration with the contact microphone was not reliable. It was concluded that the VAC has potential for assessment of occupational voice disorders if certain limitations of the method are considered.

  14. Foundations of phonological awareness in pre-school children with cerebral palsy: the impact of intellectual disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peeters, M; Verhoeven, L; van Balkom, H; de Moor, J

    2008-01-01

    Children with cerebral palsy (CP) and accompanying disabilities are prone to reading difficulties. The aim of the present study was to examine the foundations of phonological awareness in pre-school children with CP in comparison with a normally developing control group. Rhyme perception was regarded as an early indicator of phonological awareness, whereas non-verbal reasoning, speech ability, auditory perception, auditory short-term memory and vocabulary were regarded as foundation measures. A number of tasks were administrated to examine group differences in rhyme perception and its foundation measures. Correlations between the tasks were analysed for both groups followed by multiple regression analyses wherein rhyme perception was predicted by its foundation measures. Children with CP scored below their normally developing peers on emergent phonological awareness and its foundation measures. Regarding the prediction of phonological awareness, non-verbal reasoning followed by pseudoword articulation, were found to predict phonological awareness, i.e. rhyme perception, in the group of children with CP. In the control group, auditory perception was a significant predictor of emergent phonological awareness. The CP group was further split up into two groups according to the children's non-verbal reasoning skills, i.e. general IQ. The below-average IQ group scored below the average IQ group on phonological awareness and on most foundation measures. In addition, the average IQ group of the children with CP scored lower than the control group. The results of this study indicate that general intelligence and speech ability (i.e. pseudoword articulation) can be seen as important facilitators of emergent phonological awareness in children with CP. These findings support the role of intelligence in the emergence of phonological awareness in children with CP. Children with CP with intellectual disabilities seem to have a disadvantage in acquiring phonological awareness

  15. An Exploration of the Differential Effects of Parents' Authoritarianism Dimensions on Pre-school Children's Epistemic, Existential, and Relational Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guidetti, Margherita; Carraro, Luciana; Castelli, Luigi

    2016-01-01

    Research on adult populations has widely investigated the deep differences that characterize individuals who embrace either conservative or liberal views of the world. More recently, research has started to investigate these differences at very early stages of life. One major goal is to explore how parental political ideology may influence children's characteristics that are known to be associated to different ideological positions. In the present work, we further investigate the relations between parents' ideology and children cognitive processing strategies within the framework of political ideology as motivated social cognition (Jost et al., 2003) and the dual process model of political ideology (Duckitt et al., 2002). Specifically, epistemic (implicit attitudes toward order vs. chaos), existential (negativity and threat bias), and relational needs (conformity measure) were assessed in pre-school children (N = 106; 4-6 years). For each child at least one parent completed both the Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) and the Right Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) measures. Interestingly, results indicated that mothers' and fathers' responses had unique associations with children's socio-cognitive motivations, and different findings emerged in relation to the two facets of parental authoritarianism, namely dominance (i.e., SDO) and submission (i.e., RWA). More specifically, children's existential needs appeared to be more related to mothers' RWA scores, whereas children's epistemic needs appeared to be more related to fathers' SDO. Finally, parents' RWA and SDO scores appeared to have opposite effects on children's relational needs: children's conformity increased at increasing levels of mothers' RWA and decreased at increasing levels of fathers' SDO. Overall, however, results were relatively weak and several links between the responses of parents and their children were not significant, suggesting caution in drawing strong conclusions about the impact of parents

  16. Clinical outcomes of primary palatoplasty in pre-school-aged cleft palate children in Srinagarind hospital: quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pradubwong, Suteera; Mongkholthawornchai, Siriporn; Keawkhamsean, Natda; Patjanasoontorn, Niramol; Chowchuen, Bowornsilp

    2014-10-01

    collaboration of the Tawanchai Cleft Center and the government, as well as with private and non-governmental organizations was exceptional, particularly in regard to providing proper and continuous treatment for patients with cleft lips and/or cleft palate. The findings reflect a good quality of life in the pre-schooled children with cleft lip and cleft palate that received treatment from the Tawanchai Cleft Center at Srinagarind Hospital. Furthermore, the study showed that the problems associated with the condition, only affected the family's lives at a minimal level.

  17. Childhood caries as influenced by maternal and child characteristics in pre-school children of Kerala-an epidemiological study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Retnakumari

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The most common chronic disease of childhood is early childhood caries which is five times more prevalent than asthma and seven times higher than that of allergic rhinitis. Most children do not receive dental care until they are three years old, yet by the time more than thirty percent of children from lower socioeconomic groups already have caries. To determine the prevalence and severity of early childhood caries among pre-school children, to describe the child characteristics associated with the development of early childhood caries and to find the association of early childhood caries and maternal risk factors. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was carried out among children attending the immunization clinic of Sree Avittam Thirunal Hospital, Medical College, Trivandrum and children attending the randomly selected Anganwadies and Day care centres in Trivandrum, the capital of Kerala, wherein there are migrants from all over the State. A total of 350 children aged 12-36 months and their mothers were studied. The mother was first interviewed by a structured questionnaire; then the child′s and mothers clinical examination was carried out covering caries experience and oral hygiene status. Results: Among 350 children studied the prevalence of dental caries in this study population was found to be 50.6 %( 177. Statistically significant associations were found between the severity of decay and the child′s age(P<0.001, female gender(P<0.05,low socioeconomic status (P<0.05, feeding frequency (P<0.05, type of feeding(P<0.01, fell asleep with nipple in mouth (P<0.05, duration of breast feeding(P<0.001, consumption of cariogenic type of snacks(P<0.01, age of commencement of tooth brushing(P<0.05, brushing frequency(P<0.05, oral hygiene status of child(P<0.001, DMFS scores of mothers (P<0.001, and oral hygiene status of mother (P<0.001.

  18. Plasma cytokines, chemokines and cellular immune responses in pre-school Nigerian children infected with Plasmodium falciparum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noone Cariosa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide with over one million deaths annually, particularly in children under five years. This study was the first to examine plasma cytokines, chemokines and cellular immune responses in pre-school Nigerian children infected with Plasmodium falciparum from four semi-urban villages near Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. Methods Blood was obtained from 231 children (aged 39–73 months who were classified according to mean P. falciparum density per μl of blood (uninfected (n = 89, low density (10,000, n = 22. IL-12p70, IL-10, Nitric oxide, IFN-γ, TNF, IL-17, IL-4 and TGF-β, C-C chemokine RANTES, MMP-8 and TIMP-1 were measured in plasma. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were obtained and examined markers of innate immune cells (CD14, CD36, CD56, CD54, CD11c AND HLA-DR. T-cell sub-populations (CD4, CD3 and γδTCR were intracellularly stained for IL-10, IFN-γ and TNF following polyclonal stimulation or stimulated with malaria parasites. Ascaris lumbricoides was endemic in these villages and all data were analysed taking into account the potential impact of bystander helminth infection. All data were analysed using SPSS 15 for windows and in all tests, p Results The level of P. falciparum parasitaemia was positively associated with plasma IL-10 and negatively associated with IL-12p70. The percentage of monocytes was significantly decreased in malaria-infected individuals while malaria parasitaemia was positively associated with increasing percentages of CD54+, CD11c+ and CD56+ cell populations. No association was observed in cytokine expression in mitogen-activated T-cell populations between groups and no malaria specific immune responses were detected. Although A. lumbricoides is endemic in these villages, an analysis of the data showed no impact of this helminth infection on P. falciparum parasitaemia or on immune responses associated with P. falciparum infection

  19. Deco preemiad / Epp Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Epp

    1998-01-01

    Deco galerii preemiad L. Lestbergile, E. Hallekile, P. Mudistile, J. Elkenile, H. Liivrannale. Eksponeeriti Tõinis Vindi uut graafilist lehte ""Celtic Sacred Cross". 15. veebruarist avatud Mari Roosvalti minimalistlike õlimaalide näitus "Punane ja must".

  20. Geneetiliselt muundatud? / Epp Petrone

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Petrone, Epp, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Ameerikas on geneetiliselt muundatud toitu kasvatatud 20 ja ulatuslikult toodetud kaheksa aastat, ning juba mõni aeg tagasi kadus kontroll selle üle, mis supermarketites müüdavast tavatoidust on GMO-vaba ja mis mitte

  1. Geneetiliselt muundatud? / Epp Petrone

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Petrone, Epp, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Ameerikas on geneetiliselt muundatud toitu kasvatatud 20 ja ulatuslikult toodetud kaheksa aastat, ning juba mõni aeg tagasi kadus kontroll selle üle, mis supermarketites müüdavast tavatoidust on GMO-vaba ja mis mitte

  2. Sources of Vitamin A in the Diets of Pre-School Children in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauline M. Emmett

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Vitamin A is essential for growth and development. We investigated whether high consumption of energy-dense nutrient-poor foods in the diets of pre-school children is detrimental to diet quality with respect to vitamin A. Data were collected from 755 children at 18-months and 3½-years, from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, using 3-day unweighed dietary records completed by parents in 1994 and 1996, respectively. Energy, carotene and retinol intakes were calculated. The quality of the diet declined from 18-months to 3½-years with respect to vitamin A. Preformed retinol intakes decreased by −54 μg/day on average (p = 0.003. Carotene intakes were similar at each age although there was a 23% increase in energy intake by 3½-years. Longitudinally those in the highest quartile of intake at 18-months were twice as likely to remain in the highest quartile at 3½-years for retinol (OR 2.21 (95% CI 1.48–3.28 and carotene (OR 1.66 (95% CI 1.11–2.50 than to change quartiles. Nutrient-rich core foods provided decreasing amounts of carotene and preformed retinol over time (both p < 0.001. Vegetables and milk contributed the highest proportion of carotene at both ages, but milk’s contribution decreased over time. Milk and liver were the largest sources of retinol. Nutrient-poor foods provided an increased proportion of energy (p < 0.001 with low proportions of both nutrients; however fat spreads made an important contribution. It is recommended that pre-school children should take vitamin supplements; only 19% at 18-months did this, falling to 11% at 3½-years. Care should be taken to choose nutrient-rich foods and avoid energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods when feeding pre-school children.

  3. Effect of single-dose albendazole and vitamin A supplementation on the iron status of pre-school children in Sichuan, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ke; Xie, Hu Mina; Tian, Weizheng; Zheng, Xiaoling; Jiang, Alice C

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the effect of single-dose albendazole and vitamin A intervention on the anaemic status and Fe metabolism of pre-school children. This study was a randomised, placebo-controlled and double-blinded intervention trial. All eligible anaemic pre-school children were randomly divided into three groups: group 1 received no intervention, which served as the control group, group 2 received 400 mg single-dose albendazole administration and group 3 received a 60000 μg vitamin A capsule combined with 400 mg single-dose albendazole at the beginning of the study. The follow-up period was for 6 months. Anthropometry and biochemical index about Fe metabolism were measured before and after intervention. A total of 209 pre-school anaemic children were randomly divided into three intervention groups (sixty-four, sixty-two and sixty for groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively). The mean age of the children in the study was 4·4 (sd 0·7) years and 50·5 % of the children were female (94/186). After a follow-up period of 6 months, the levels of serum retinol, ferritin, transferrin receptor-ferritin index and body total Fe content of children in group 3 were significantly higher compared with children in groups 1 and 2 (Pchildren in group 3 were markedly lower compared with children in groups 1 and 2 (P<0·05). Albendazole plus vitamin A administration showed more efficacy on the improvement of serum retinol and Fe metabolic status.

  4. A qualitative study exploring parental accounts of feeding pre-school children in two low-income populations in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayter, Arabella K M; Draper, Alizon K; Ohly, Heather R; Rees, Gail A; Pettinger, Clare; McGlone, Pauline; Watt, Richard G

    2015-07-01

    Good nutrition in the early years of life is essential, yet the diets of many pre-school children in the UK are known to be poor. Understanding the decisions parents make when feeding young children is very important in determining what type and nature of interventional support may be developed to promote good nutrition. The aim of this study was to explore using qualitative methods, parental perceptions of feeding their children in order to inform the development of a nutrition intervention. Focus groups (n = 33) and individual interviews (n = 6) were undertaken with parents, most of whom were attending children's centres in two deprived populations from one urban (Islington, north London) and one rural (Cornwall) location in England. Accounts of feeding pre-school children were primarily concerned with dealing with the practicalities of modern life, in particular the cost of food and the need to manage on a restricted household budget. Time pressures, a lack of perceived knowledge and confidence in preparing food and managing conflict over food choices between family members were also strong themes. Parents commonly reported differences between how they would like to feed their children and the reality of what they were able to do in their circumstances. These findings suggest that the poor eating habits of many pre-school children may be less a case of parental ignorance but rather the product of a range of coping strategies. Designing an intervention, which helps parents to build their confidence and self-efficacy, may enable them to make positive changes to their children's diets. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  5. Real-time PCR demonstrates Ancylostoma duodenale is a key factor in the etiology of severe anemia and iron deficiency in Malawian pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonker, Femkje A M; Calis, Job C J; Phiri, Kamija; Brienen, Eric A T; Khoffi, Harriet; Brabin, Bernard J; Verweij, Jaco J; van Hensbroek, Michael Boele; van Lieshout, Lisette

    2012-01-01

    Hookworm infections are an important cause of (severe) anemia and iron deficiency in children in the tropics. Type of hookworm species (Ancylostoma duodenale or Necator americanus) and infection load are considered associated with disease burden, although these parameters are rarely assessed due to limitations of currently used diagnostic methods. Using multiplex real-time PCR, we evaluated hookworm species-specific prevalence, infection load and their contribution towards severe anemia and iron deficiency in pre-school children in Malawi. A. duodenale and N. americanus DNA loads were determined in 830 fecal samples of pre-school children participating in a case control study investigating severe anemia. Using multiplex real-time PCR, hookworm infections were found in 34.1% of the severely anemic cases and in 27.0% of the non-severely anemic controls (pIron deficiency (assessed through bone marrow examination) was positively associated with intensity of A. duodenale infection (adjusted odds ratio: 3.63 (95%CI 1.18-11.20); 16.98 (95%CI 3.88-74.35) and 44.91 (95%CI 5.23-385.77) for low, moderate and high load respectively). This is the first report assessing the association of hookworm load and species differentiation with severe anemia and bone marrow iron deficiency. By revealing a much higher than expected prevalence of A. duodenale and its significant and load-dependent association with severe anemia and iron deficiency in pre-school children in Malawi, we demonstrated the need for quantitative and species-specific screening of hookworm infections. Multiplex real-time PCR is a powerful diagnostic tool for public health research to combat (severe) anemia and iron deficiency in children living in resource poor settings.

  6. 75 FR 16446 - Office of Elementary and Secondary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... research) to improve the school readiness of pre-school-aged migratory children whose education is... educational technologies intended to increase the academic achievement of migratory students whose education... the following site: http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/oese/ome/index.html Note: The...

  7. The Impact of the Multi-sensory Program Alfabeto on the Development of Literacy Skills of Third Stage Pre-school Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Staa, Betina; Reis, Loureni; Scandola, Matilde Conceição Lescano

    Here we present the results of the pilot-project undertaken in ten Pre-Schools with third stage (5 year-old) children who used ALFABETO Multi-sensory Program. The study shows that the project rendered meaningful results as to the development of writing hypotheses among the children who had access to the program. We also observed the opinions of the teachers involved in the project, who mentioned that ALFABETO motivated students to develop their reading, writing and oral skills, and promoted socialization and interaction among students.

  8. Interações afetivas na família e na pré-escola Affective interactions in family and in pre-school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elza Maria Canhetti Mondin

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available A presente pesquisa com crianças pré-escolares enfoca as relações afetivas como elementos indispensáveis à compreensão do crescimento da criança e os papéis da família e da escola nesse empreendimento. Assim, seu objetivo central consistiu na análise das interações afetivas de crianças na família e na pré-escola. Participaram 40 crianças de 4 a 6 anos, matriculadas em uma instituição pré-escolar municipal, localizada no interior do Estado de São Paulo, suas mães e dez professoras. Foram utilizados como instrumentos a observação, o questionário e a entrevista. O primeiro dirigiu-se ao comportamento das crianças no contexto pré-escolar, o segundo ao comportamento das professoras com as crianças e o terceiro destinou-se às mães, cujas verbalizações permitiram constatar as relações interpessoais no ambiente familiar. Os resultados revelaram que as crianças com dificuldades nas relações interpessoais na escola também as apresentavam no ambiente familiar.This research with pre-school children focused affective relations as indispensable elements to understand the growing of a child, and the role of the family and the school in such achievement. Its main goal consisted in the analysis of the affective interactions of children in the family and in pre-school. 40 children (4-6 years old from a municipal pre-school institution (in the State of São Paulo took part in the study, as well as their mothers and 10 teachers. Three instruments have been utilized: observation, questionnaire and interview. The first was used to investigate children's behavior in the pre-school context; the second one referred to the teachers' attitude toward the children, and the third one was dedicated to the mothers, whose verbalizations unveiled the personal relationships in the familiar environment. The results revealed that children with personal relationship problems at school, also presented the same problem at home.

  9. Didactical-methodical aspects of planning the educative work at the Macedonian educational system

    OpenAIRE

    Mirascieva, Snezana

    2010-01-01

    This paper is about one new didactical- methodical approach in the planning of the educational work at the educational institutions in Macedonia which is in function of the professional development of the teaching staff. The paper presents a new practice which is introduced at the educational system in Republic of Macedonia, and which refers on two key questions like integrated planning of the educational work and ecology education at the educational institutions on three levels: pre-school, ...

  10. 幼儿家庭意外伤害干预%Intervention on Pre- school Children's Family Unintentional Injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小虎; 王琳; 刘熹; 夏劲节; 邱孟; 田红梅; 张晓燕; 刘兆炜

    2012-01-01

    目的 评价成都市幼儿家长在接受家庭意外伤害干预后不同时期的效果,为降低儿童家庭意外伤害发生率提供建议.方法 采用分层和整群抽样方法,选取成都市12所幼儿园的幼儿家长1769名参加干预活动,在干预后1周及干预后3个月分别采用问卷进行效果评价.结果 采取的干预措施在不同时期不同程度的提高了儿童家长对家庭意外伤害预防相关知识的知晓率,帮助儿童养成了相关安全行为,干预后1周效果比3个月后明显.如干预前安全检查五方面知晓率仅占0.96%,干预1周后上升到10.42%,但是干预3个月后,知晓率又下降至2.41%,不同时期的干预效果在知识及行为多方面均呈现相同趋势.结论建议幼托机构定期加强及更新相关知识的培训,不断加强幼儿家长及幼儿知识的积累,培养正确的态度,提高对儿童意外伤害预防能力.%Objective To evaluate the effect of family unintentional injury intervention among pie - school children's parents, provide suggestions for reducing the incidence of family unintentional injury. Methods Stratified cluster sampling method was adopted, totally 1 769 pre - school children's parents in 12 kindergartens were collected for intervention. One week and 3 months after the invervention, questionaire suvey was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness. Results The taken intervention measures improved the awareness of family unintentional injury knowledge in varying degrees at different time, helped children develop safe behaviors. The effect of a week after intervention was more obvious than 3 months later. The awareness rate of safety - check has risen from 0.96% to 10.42% one week after the intervention, but 3 month later, the rate dropped to 2. 41%. The same trend has shown in knowledge and behavior. Conclusion The kindergartens should strengthen trainings about family unintentional injury knowledge at regular intervals. Through accumulation

  11. Early education - strategic field of the educational reform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudiu Marian Bunaiasu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, early education represents the educational area that benefits from a multitude of researches and theoretical and practical contributions, pursuant to acknowledging the necessity in order to holistically approach pre-scool pupil's development and to report to education's European dimension. The managerial approach of the early education implies strategic decisions regarding the: a plan, organization and implementation of the school curriculum, by referring to legislative documents and in the spirit of focusing activities on pre-school pupil's global development; b institutional development of pre-school educational units, regarding all functional fields and managerial activity's efficiency, for reasons related to optimal organization of the pre-school pupils' learning and development conditions. The article approaches early education issues from multiple perspectives: a theoretical, legislative and conceptual premises; b strategic orientations and finalities of the curriculum for early education; c educational management as part of the early education area. The above mentioned premises, strategies and directions represent elements that supply new reflections and points of view as part of future studies and backgrounds of some empiric researches we foresee as part of early education field.

  12. Making Moral Education Work in a Multicultural Society with Islamic Hegemony

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balakrishnan, Vishalache

    2017-01-01

    In 2013, the Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013-2025 (Pre-school to Post-Secondary Education) was launched. Section 3 focussed on ensuring that, in Islamic Education for Muslim students and Moral Education (ME) for non-Muslims, students will be strengthened through understanding values that promote unity and foster good relations among students.…

  13. The incidence of Kawasaki disease after vaccination within the UK pre-school National Immunisation Programme: an observational THIN database study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Gillian C; Tulloh, Robert Mr; Tulloh, Louise E

    2016-11-01

    To provide expected incidence rates of Kawasaki disease after vaccination in routine clinical practice and as recommended within a pre-school National Immunisation Programme (NIP). A post-immunisation risk period when Kawasaki disease onset might be associated with vaccination was defined as 28 days. Immunisation records for children under 6 years were identified from The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database of electronic UK primary health care records (2008-2012) and linked to previously validated cases of Kawasaki disease with an assigned date of onset. Kawasaki disease incidence in the risk period after a complete NIP recommended set of vaccinations was estimated for five vaccination stages individually and in total. A total of 642 170 complete pre-school immunisation stages from 275 986 children were included. Six cases of Kawasaki disease had onset in the risk period after any NIP stage providing an incidence of 12.8 per 100 000 person years (95%CI 5.7, 28.4). The incidence after any single immunisation stage ranged from 0 to 27.4 (95%CI 8.8, 84.8) per 100 000 person years. There were few cases of Kawasaki disease in the risk period after any NIP vaccination combination. The incidence rates will aid in the interpretation of clinical trials and post-marketing surveillance of new vaccines. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  14. An investigation into the minimum accelerometry wear time for reliable estimates of habitual physical activity and definition of a standard measurement day in pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hislop, Jane; Law, James; Rush, Robert; Grainger, Andrew; Bulley, Cathy; Reilly, John J; Mercer, Tom

    2014-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the number of hours and days of accelerometry data necessary to provide a reliable estimate of habitual physical activity in pre-school children. The impact of a weekend day on reliability estimates was also determined and standard measurement days were defined for weekend and weekdays.Accelerometry data were collected from 112 children (60 males, 52 females, mean (SD) 3.7 (0.7)yr) over 7 d. The Spearman-Brown Prophecy formula (S-B prophecy formula) was used to predict the number of days and hours of data required to achieve an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 0.7. The impact of including a weekend day was evaluated by comparing the reliability coefficient (r) for any 4 d of data with data for 4 d including one weekend day.Our observations indicate that 3 d of accelerometry monitoring, regardless of whether it includes a weekend day, for at least 7 h  d(-1) offers sufficient reliability to characterise total physical activity and sedentary behaviour of pre-school children. These findings offer an approach that addresses the underlying tension in epidemiologic surveillance studies between the need to maintain acceptable measurement rigour and retention of a representatively meaningful sample size.

  15. Validation of an Online Food Frequency Questionnaire against Doubly Labelled Water and 24 h Dietary Recalls in Pre-School Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Delisle Nyström

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of easy-to-use and accurate methods to assess the intake of energy, foods and nutrients in pre-school children is needed. KidMeal-Q is an online food frequency questionnaire developed for the LifeGene prospective cohort study in Sweden. The aims of this study were to compare: (i energy intake (EI obtained using KidMeal-Q to total energy expenditure (TEE measured via doubly labelled water and (ii the intake of certain foods measured using KidMeal-Q to intakes acquired by means of 24 h dietary recalls in 38 children aged 5.5 years. The mean EI calculated using KidMeal-Q was statistically different (p < 0.001 from TEE (4670 ± 1430 kJ/24 h and 6070 ± 690 kJ/24 h, respectively. Significant correlations were observed for vegetables, fruit juice and candy between KidMeal-Q and 24 h dietary recalls. Only sweetened beverage consumption was significantly different in mean intake (p < 0.001, as measured by KidMeal-Q and 24 h dietary recalls. In conclusion, KidMeal-Q had a relatively short answering time and comparative validity to other food frequency questionnaires. However, its accuracy needs to be improved before it can be used in studies in pre-school children.

  16. Early introduction and cumulative consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages during the pre-school period and risk of obesity at 8-14 years of age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantoral, A; Téllez-Rojo, M M; Ettinger, A S; Hu, H; Hernández-Ávila, M; Peterson, K

    2016-02-01

    Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) has been associated with risk of obesity, but little evidence exists to evaluate if age of introduction and cumulative SSB consumption increases risk in children. The objective of the study was to estimate the relationship between age of introduction and cumulative SSB consumption with risk of obesity in 227 Mexican children. SSB intake was measured every 6 months; age of introduction and cumulative consumption during the pre-school period were calculated. Height, weight, waist circumference, SSB intake and other relevant variables were measured at age 8-14 years and obesity defined using standard criteria. All participants were introduced to SSB before age 24 months and most (73%) before 12 months. Early SSB introduction (≤12 months) was not significantly associated with increased odds of obesity (odds ratio [OR] = 2.00, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.87, 4.59). However, children in the highest tertile of cumulative SSB consumption, compared with the lowest, had almost three times the odds of general (OR = 2.99, 95% CI: 1.27, 7.00) and abdominal (OR = 2.70, 95% CI: 1.03, 7.03) obesity at age 8-14 years. High SSB consumption increased the likelihood of obesity in 8-14-year-old children. Our results suggest that SSB intake should be delayed and excessive SSB consumption in pre-school period should be avoided. © 2015 World Obesity.

  17. Reforming Practice and Problems of Early Childhood Education Vouchers in China%我国幼儿教育券改革实践及问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凌云

    2012-01-01

    近年我国很多地方实施了幼儿教育券。学前教育券虽然发挥了重视学前教育的积极政策导向、增加学前教育供给、减轻家长负担以及规范民办学前教育等作用,但在利用市场机制、扩大优质学前教育资源、提升学前教育质量以及实现学前教育市场优胜劣汰和幼教生态良性发展等方面的效果并不突出。%In recent years, early childhood education vouchershavebeen implemented in many parts of China.Pre-school vouchers play a role in attaching importance to pre-school education, increasing pre-school supply, reducing the burden on parents, regulating private pre-school education.However, the effect is not prominent in the aspects of using market mechanisms, expanding access to high quality pre-school education ,enhancing pre-school quality and achieving the survival of the fittest of the education market and preschool ecology benign development.

  18. Using Student Centred Evaluation for Curriculum Enhancement: An Examination of Undergraduate Physiotherapy Education in Relation to Physical Activity and Exercise Prescription

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Donoghue, Grainne; Doody, Catherine; Cusack, Tara

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine physiotherapy students' perceptions of current education content of entry-level physiotherapy programmes in terms of physical activity (PA) and exercise promotion and prescription (EPP). Sixty-two physiotherapy students from three Irish Universities participated. Three Structured Group Feedback Sessions…

  19. Using Student Centred Evaluation for Curriculum Enhancement: An Examination of Undergraduate Physiotherapy Education in Relation to Physical Activity and Exercise Prescription

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Donoghue, Grainne; Doody, Catherine; Cusack, Tara

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine physiotherapy students' perceptions of current education content of entry-level physiotherapy programmes in terms of physical activity (PA) and exercise promotion and prescription (EPP). Sixty-two physiotherapy students from three Irish Universities participated. Three Structured Group Feedback Sessions…

  20. Playing to Learn: An Overview of the Montessori Approach with Pre-School Children with Autism Spectrum Condition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks, Laura

    2016-01-01

    This article explores some of the literature concerning the effectiveness of the Montessori educational approach for children with ASC within an English school context. Firstly, there is a discussion, including a short historical review, regarding the ideology of inclusion and how it has impacted upon mainstream education. Also, how this can be…

  1. Playing to Learn: An Overview of the Montessori Approach with Pre-School Children with Autism Spectrum Condition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks, Laura

    2016-01-01

    This article explores some of the literature concerning the effectiveness of the Montessori educational approach for children with ASC within an English school context. Firstly, there is a discussion, including a short historical review, regarding the ideology of inclusion and how it has impacted upon mainstream education. Also, how this can be…

  2. Quantifying the visual perception skills of pre-school testees using a novel tangible electronic test instrument

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Smith, Adrew C

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Earlier studies discovered that South African testees from community schools do not have the required skills to participate in tertiary education and also lack many of the basic skills to compete successfully in certain sectors of society...

  3. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and respiratory tract infections in pre-school children – a cross-sectional study in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorota Emilia Bielska

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available [b][/b]Introduction and objective. Knowledge of the harmful influence of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS has a positive impact on changing social behaviours worldwide. In many homes smoking is totally prohibited; in some others, partial limitations of tobacco consumption have been introduced. Objective. To study the correlation between the adopted rules of tobacco use in homes of 3-year-olds, and the kind and frequency of acute respiratory system infections within a 6-month period of attending pre-schools. Materials and methods. The study was performed among children attending municipal pre-schools in Białystok, Poland. The data was collected by anonymous questionnaires completed by the parents of 302 children aged 3 years chosen randomly from 1,200 children attending 51 pre-schools. The exposure of children to tobacco smoke was measured by determining cotinine to creatinine ratio (CCR in urine. Results. In the 150 families of children who were surveyed, 210 were smokers. Every day, the smokers consisted of fathers (37.3% and mothers (23.6%. The 3-year-old children were divided into 3 groups according to smoking habits in their homes: 28.5% of the children under examination came from homes where tobacco smoking was forbidden (mean CCR – 15.21ng/mg, SD=11.86, 26.2% came from homes where tobacco was smoked in separate rooms (mean CCR – 65.75 ng/ml, SD=81.51, 45.4% lived in homes where no rules connected with smoking had been established (mean CCR – 61.75 ng/ml, SD= 70.29. During the analyzed period of 6 months, 85% of the children had at least 1 respiratory tract infection (60% – upper, 16.9% – lower, 16.5% – upper and lower, 7.1% – otitis media. Conclusions. The majority of the 3-year-old children who had lower respiratory tract infections required antibiotics and hospitalization. Living in a home where no tobacco rules were established may cause an increase of respiratory tract infections.

  4. Real-time PCR demonstrates Ancylostoma duodenale is a key factor in the etiology of severe anemia and iron deficiency in Malawian pre-school children.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Femkje A M Jonker

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Hookworm infections are an important cause of (severe anemia and iron deficiency in children in the tropics. Type of hookworm species (Ancylostoma duodenale or Necator americanus and infection load are considered associated with disease burden, although these parameters are rarely assessed due to limitations of currently used diagnostic methods. Using multiplex real-time PCR, we evaluated hookworm species-specific prevalence, infection load and their contribution towards severe anemia and iron deficiency in pre-school children in Malawi. METHODOLOGY AND FINDINGS: A. duodenale and N. americanus DNA loads were determined in 830 fecal samples of pre-school children participating in a case control study investigating severe anemia. Using multiplex real-time PCR, hookworm infections were found in 34.1% of the severely anemic cases and in 27.0% of the non-severely anemic controls (p<0.05 whereas a 5.6% hookworm prevalence was detected by microscopy. Prevalence of A. duodenale and N. americanus was 26.1% and 4.9% respectively. Moderate and high load A. duodenale infections were positively associated with severe anemia (adjusted odds ratio: 2.49 (95%CI 1.16-5.33 and 9.04 (95%CI 2.52-32.47 respectively. Iron deficiency (assessed through bone marrow examination was positively associated with intensity of A. duodenale infection (adjusted odds ratio: 3.63 (95%CI 1.18-11.20; 16.98 (95%CI 3.88-74.35 and 44.91 (95%CI 5.23-385.77 for low, moderate and high load respectively. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first report assessing the association of hookworm load and species differentiation with severe anemia and bone marrow iron deficiency. By revealing a much higher than expected prevalence of A. duodenale and its significant and load-dependent association with severe anemia and iron deficiency in pre-school children in Malawi, we demonstrated the need for quantitative and species-specific screening of hookworm infections. Multiplex real

  5. Dearth of Early Education Experience: A Significant Barrier to Educational and Social Inclusion in the Western Balkans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milovanovic, Suncica Macura; Kokic, Ivana Batarelo; Kristiansen, Selma Džemidžic; Gera, Ibolya; Ikonomi, Estevan; Kafedžic, Lejla; Milic, Tamara; Rexhaj, Xhavit; Spasovski, Ognen; Closs, Alison

    2014-01-01

    The article summarises the socio-political, cultural, economic and educational background to the Western Balkans region and outlines the wider qualitative research study that provided the data on early and pre-school educational opportunities in the seven countries involved; Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo (under United Nations…

  6. Use of computer access technology as an alternative to writing for a pre-school child with athetoid cerebral palsy--a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhas, Brightlin Nithis; Samuel, Preethy Sarah; Manigandan, C

    2014-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the use of an outcome-driven model of decision-making in the implementation of computer access technology (CAT) for a pre-school child with athetoid cerebral palsy. The child did not have the fine motor skills required to hold a pencil but had the cognitive abilities to learn to write; therefore, we explored the use of a CAT device to enable written communication. Case study methodology was used to describe the selection process, child-level outcomes, and clinical challenges faced by the therapist in the use of a consortium model that was designed for an outcome-driven model of decision-making. The critical role of an occupational therapist in this process using a family-centered approach is discussed.

  7. Social learning and aggressive and playful behaviors of pre-school boys / Aprendizagem social e comportamentos agressivo e lúdico de meninos pré-escolares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timoteo Madaleno Vieira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the interaction between social learning factors measured by questionnaires and aggressive and playful behaviors of pre-school children, through direct observation during their playful break time. The subjects were 15 boys between four and six years old who were enrolled in a non-profit child care center in Goiânia-GO, Brazil. A multivariate analysis of variance indicated significant effects of aggressive models at home on aggression levels during playful behavior. Children exposed to abusive physical punishment, adult fighting and violent TV programs engaged in more episodes of aggression during playful breaks. Boys who reported to play with toy guns at home did not engage in aggressive behavior more often than those who did not, but they displayed a higher proportion of pretended aggression. Results also indicated that aggressive behavior becomes more frequent as the number of aggressive models at home increases.

  8. Dietary Intake and Sources of Potassium and the Relationship to Dietary Sodium in a Sample of Australian Pre-School Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siobhan A. O’Halloran

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the intake and food sources of potassium and the molar sodium:potassium (Na:K ratio in a sample of Australian pre-school children. Mothers provided dietary recalls of their 3.5 years old children (previous participants of Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial. The average daily potassium intake, the contribution of food groups to daily potassium intake, the Na:K ratio, and daily serves of fruit, dairy, and vegetables, were assessed via three unscheduled 24 h dietary recalls. The sample included 251 Australian children (125 male, mean age 3.5 (0.19 (SD years. Mean potassium intake was 1618 (267 mg/day, the Na:K ratio was 1.47 (0.5 and 54% of children did not meet the Australian recommended adequate intake (AI of 2000 mg/day for potassium. Main food sources of potassium were milk (27%, fruit (19%, and vegetable (14% products/dishes. Food groups with the highest Na:K ratio were processed meats (7.8, white bread/rolls (6.0, and savoury sauces and condiments (5.4. Children had a mean intake of 1.4 (0.75 serves of fruit, 1.4 (0.72 dairy, and 0.52 (0.32 serves of vegetables per day. The majority of children had potassium intakes below the recommended AI. The Na:K ratio exceeded the recommended level of 1 and the average intake of vegetables was 2 serves/day below the recommended 2.5 serves/day and only 20% of recommended intake. An increase in vegetable consumption in pre-school children is recommended to increase dietary potassium and has the potential to decrease the Na:K ratio which is likely to have long-term health benefits.

  9. Informing a culturally appropriate approach to oral health and dental care for pre-school refugee children: a community participatory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicol, Pam; Al-Hanbali, Arwa; King, Nigel; Slack-Smith, Linda; Cherian, Sarah

    2014-06-13

    Pre-school children in families of recently settled refugees often have very high rates of early childhood caries (ECC). ECC is associated with a high level of morbidity and is largely preventable, however effective culturally appropriate models of care are lacking. This study aimed to provide a deeper understanding of the refugee experience related to early oral health by exploring pre-school refugee families (i) understanding of ECC and child oral health, (ii) experiences of accessing dental services and (iii) barriers and enablers for achieving improved oral health. The knowledge gained will be critical to the development of effective early oral health programs in refugee children. Community based participatory qualitative methodology using focus groups of resettled refugee families and community refugee nurse interviews. A community reference group was established and a bi-lingual community research associate was employed. Transcripts were analysed for thematic content using NVivo software. There were 44 participants: eight focus groups (nine countries of origin) and five interviews. Emergent themes were (i) the major influence of parents' previous experience, including their beliefs about deciduous (baby) teeth, traditional feeding practices and poverty; and a consequent lack of understanding of the importance of early oral health and early dental caries, (ii) the burden of resettlement including prioritising, parenting, learning about new foods and how to assimilate into the community, and (iii) refugees' difficulties in accessing both information and dental services, and the role of schools in addressing these issues. An Opportunities for Change Model was proposed. The main implication of the study is the demonstration of how enhanced understanding of the refugee experience can inform improvement in early oral prevention and treatment. The community participatory methodology of the study provided a basis for cross-cultural understanding and has already

  10. Hydroelectric reservoir inundation (Rio Madeira Basin, Amazon) and changes in traditional lifestyle: impact on growth and neurodevelopment of pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, Rejane C; Dórea, José G; McManus, Concepta; Leão, Renata S; Brandão, Katiane G; Marques, Rayson C; Vieira, Igor H Ito; Guimarães, Jean-Remy D; Malm, Olaf

    2011-04-01

    To assess the dependence on fish consumption of families and its impact on nutritional status and neurodevelopment of pre-school children. Cross-sectional study that measured children's hair mercury (HHg) as an indicator of family fish consumption, growth (anthropometric Z-scores, WHO standards) and neurological (Gesell developmental scores (GDS)) development. Traditional living conditions among families residing in the area adjacent to the Samuel Dam (Western Amazon) hydroelectric reservoir. Two hundred and forty-nine pre-school children (1-59 months of age) from families transitioning from the traditional Amazonian lifestyle. Family fish consumption was significantly correlated with children's HHg concentration (Spearman's r=0.246, Pmalnutrition, i.e. stunting (height-for-age Z-score (HAZ)≤-3), underweight (weight-for-age Z-score (WAZ)≤-3) and wasting (weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ)≤-3) was 5.2% (n 13), 0% and 0.8% (n 2), respectively. The prevalence of moderate stunting (HAZ≥-3 to ≤-2), underweight (WAZ≥-3 to ≤-2) and wasting (WHZ≥-3 to ≤-2) was 8.8% (n 22), 2.4% (n 6) and 4.8% (n 12), respectively. Although 76% of the children showed adequate GDS (>85), multiple regression analysis showed that fish consumption (as HHg) had no impact on GDS, but that some variables did interact significantly with specific domains (motor and language development). The study showed that the families' shift in fish consumption had no negative impact on the growth of young children and that ensuing methylmercury exposure has not been a noticeable neurodevelopmental hindrance.

  11. Prevalence and factors related to dental caries among pre-school children of Saddar town, Karachi, Pakistan: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawani, Narendar; Nisar, Nighat; Khan, Nazeer; Syed, Shahbano; Tanweer, Navara

    2012-12-27

    Dental caries is highly prevalent and a significant public health problem among children throughout the world. Epidemiological data regarding prevalence of dental caries amongst Pakistani pre-school children is very limited. The objective of this study is to determine the frequency of dental caries among pre-school children of Saddar Town, Karachi, Pakistan and the factors related to caries. A cross-sectional study of 1000 preschool children was conducted in Saddar town, Karachi. Two-stage cluster sampling was used to select the sample. At first stage, eight clusters were selected randomly from total 11 clusters. In second stage, from the eight selected clusters, preschools were identified and children between 3- to 6-years age group were assessed for dental caries. Caries prevalence was 51% with a mean dmft score being 2.08 (±2.97) of which decayed teeth constituted 1.95. The mean dmft of males was 2.3 (±3.08) and of females was 1.90 (±2.90). The mean dmft of 3, 4, 5 and 6-year olds was 1.65, 2.11, 2.16 and 3.11 respectively. A significant association was found between dental caries and following variables: age group of 4-years (p-value dental plaque (p-value dental caries coupled with a high prevalence of unmet dental treatment needs. Association between caries experience and age of child, consumption of non-sweetened milk, dental plaque and poor oral hygiene had been established.

  12. Prevalence of Helicobacter Pylori Infection in School and Pre-School Aged Children with C-14 Urea Breath Test and the Association with Familial and Environmental Factors

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    Alev Çınar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To investigate the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (Hp infection in pre-school and school age children with C-14 urea breath test, and to explore its association with age and socioeconomic factors in Turkey. Methods: Hp infection status was determined by using Urea Breath Test (UBT. Patients who had previous gastric surgery, Hp eradication treatment or equivocal UBT results were excluded. A questionnaire was administered to elicit information on gender, age, ABO/Rh blood group type, presence of gastric disease in the family, domestic animal in the household, and treatment for idiopathic Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA. Results: This retrospective study included 500 pediatric patients (179 boys, 321 girls, mean age 10.7±4.3 years of whom 62 (12.4% were aged ≤6 years and 438 (87.6% were aged 7 to 16 years. Helicobacter pylori (Hp was positive in 245 (49% cases. In the pre-school age group, 21/62 cases (34% had positive UBT while in the school age group 224/438 children (51% had positive UBT. A family history of dyspepsia and pet ownership were not associated with Hp positivity. Hp positive 76 (29.8% children were on IDA treatment but this was not statistically significant. Conclusion: The Hp infection positivity rate was 49% in the pediatric age study group. The positivity rate was significantly lower at preschool age than school age, and it increased with age. There was no association with gender, ABO/Rh blood groups, presence of domestic pets, IDA, or history of gastric disease in the family.

  13. Dietary Intake and Sources of Potassium and the Relationship to Dietary Sodium in a Sample of Australian Pre-School Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Halloran, Siobhan A; Grimes, Carley A; Lacy, Kathleen E; Campbell, Karen J; Nowson, Caryl A

    2016-08-13

    The aim of this study was to determine the intake and food sources of potassium and the molar sodium:potassium (Na:K) ratio in a sample of Australian pre-school children. Mothers provided dietary recalls of their 3.5 years old children (previous participants of Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial). The average daily potassium intake, the contribution of food groups to daily potassium intake, the Na:K ratio, and daily serves of fruit, dairy, and vegetables, were assessed via three unscheduled 24 h dietary recalls. The sample included 251 Australian children (125 male), mean age 3.5 (0.19) (SD) years. Mean potassium intake was 1618 (267) mg/day, the Na:K ratio was 1.47 (0.5) and 54% of children did not meet the Australian recommended adequate intake (AI) of 2000 mg/day for potassium. Main food sources of potassium were milk (27%), fruit (19%), and vegetable (14%) products/dishes. Food groups with the highest Na:K ratio were processed meats (7.8), white bread/rolls (6.0), and savoury sauces and condiments (5.4). Children had a mean intake of 1.4 (0.75) serves of fruit, 1.4 (0.72) dairy, and 0.52 (0.32) serves of vegetables per day. The majority of children had potassium intakes below the recommended AI. The Na:K ratio exceeded the recommended level of 1 and the average intake of vegetables was 2 serves/day below the recommended 2.5 serves/day and only 20% of recommended intake. An increase in vegetable consumption in pre-school children is recommended to increase dietary potassium and has the potential to decrease the Na:K ratio which is likely to have long-term health benefits.

  14. Relationship between Pre-School Preservice Teachers' Environmental Literacy and Science and Technology Literacy Self Efficacy Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surmeli, Hikmet

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between preschool teachers' environmental literacy and their science and technology self efficacy beliefs. 120 preschool teachers from teacher education programme at one university participated in this study. Data were collected by using Environmental Literacy Scale and Science and Technology Literacy Self…

  15. Relationship between Pre-School Preservice Teachers' Environmental Literacy and Science and Technology Literacy Self Efficacy Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surmeli, Hikmet

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between preschool teachers' environmental literacy and their science and technology self efficacy beliefs. 120 preschool teachers from teacher education programme at one university participated in this study. Data were collected by using Environmental Literacy Scale and Science and Technology Literacy Self…

  16. Relationship between Pre-School Preservice Teachers' Environmental Literacy and Science and Technology Literacy Self Efficacy Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surmeli, Hikmet

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between preschool teachers' environmental literacy and their science and technology self efficacy beliefs. 120 preschool teachers from teacher education programme at one university participated in this study. Data were collected by using Environmental Literacy Scale and Science and Technology Literacy Self…

  17. The Causes and Review of the Creation Accomplishments Differences of Pre-School Children%学前儿童创新素养的差异性述评及成因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李德明; 韩静

    2011-01-01

    随着"终身教育"、"创新型社会"等教育潮流带来的挑战,作为现代教育的基石的学前教育必须进行儿童的创新素养及其培养的研究。开发儿童的创造潜能并使其成为创造性人才需要教师和儿童的共同努力。影响儿童创新素养差异性的因素主要表现为:儿童先天个性素养发展的不同,幼儿园和小学教育中功利化要求的不同,师生关系相互悦纳程度的不同,各地教学中的软硬件配置的不同。儿童的创新素养的培养有别于其他普通教育目标和其他具体的职业规划,其培养的特色目标是构建儿童良好的可再生学习资源,让儿童在今后生活中不断地学习和发挥自己的内在资源潜力。而学前班作为幼小衔接阶段的关键部分,如何处理好该阶段儿童差异性及其内部创新素养的平衡关系问题亟待解决和考虑。%Because of the challenges from "lifelong learning","innovation society" and some other educational trends,pre-school education,as the basis of modern education,must focus on children's innovation accomplishments and the cultivation of these innovation accomplishments.Teachers and children should work together to help children develop their creative potential and then students can grow up into adults with creativity eventually.The main factors causing differences in innovation accomplishments of children are:the differences in the developments of children's inborn personality,the different utilitarian requirements from kindergarten and primary school education,the different levels of pleasing to each other between teachers and students and the different hardware and software teaching resources allocation across the country.

  18. EPP-based method of data transfer mode%基于EPP模式的数据传输方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙诚; 张艳红

    2011-01-01

    针对目前大多数导弹测试数据都从测试计算机并口输出,设计了1种通过并口EPP模式连接2台计算机的方法获提取测试数据,着重讨论了2台计算机连接的原理和数据传输的过程,并给出了C语言实现的关键代码,该方法实现了并口间的数据传输,结构简单,不需增加额外硬件,适用于实时的数据传输系统.%Most missile testing data outputs from the testing computer parallel port This article designs a method of connecting two computers by parallel port in the EPP mode, and discusses the principle of connecting two computers and the data transmission process, and gives the key code of C language. This method achieves to data transmission between parallel ports, which has simple structure without additional hardware. The design is suitable for real-time data transmission system.

  19. Malnutrition in Pre-school Children across Different Geographic Areas and Socio-Demographic Groups in Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ewusie, J E; Beyene, J; Ahiadeke, C; Hamid, J S

    2016-08-13

    Objective Malnutrition in children pervades all aspects of their health, growth, cognitive and social development and can lead to irreversible and lifelong effects. We examine the prevalence and determinants of malnutrition in children under 5 in the Ghanaian population. Methods Using data from the latest available Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS), we estimated and compared prevalence of malnutrition in children among the different subgroups of the population. We used multivariable logistic regression to identify potential factors associated with childhood malnutrition in Ghana. Results Overall, 35.6 % (95 % CI: 33.6, 37.6) of Ghanaian children under 5 years of age suffer from some form of malnutrition. Specifically, 27.5 % (95 % CI: 25.1, 28.7), 13.8 % (95 % CI: 12.5, 15.3), 8.9 % (95 % CI: 7.8, 10.2) were stunted, underweight and wasted, respectively. Results from the logistic regression indicate that gender and age of the child, educational and nutritional status of the mother, and financial status of the household are risk factors associated with childhood malnutrition in Ghana. Conclusions for Practice In view of the observed high rate of malnutrition among Ghanaian children despite the interventions that have been in place since the 1990s, there is a need for increased awareness and improved targeted interventions as well as knowledge translation tools including extensive education on infant and young child feeding practices.

  20. UPGRADING THE UNIT-TYPE LEARNING PROGRAMS IN THE MAJOR “PRE-SCHOOL LEARNING AND UPBRINGING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahila AUBAKIROVA

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper emphasized the practices in implementing the project TEMPUS EDUCA JEP 517504-DE-2011 in the subject area “Upgrading and Developing the Curricula (Training pro-grams in Pedagogics and Education Management in the Countries of Central Asia“. Specific attention has been given to practices in working out the unit-type curricula in the ma-jor “Preschool Teaching and Upbringing” in Kazakhstan. The review submitted descriptions of the curricula units, the competences required for the B.A. graduates majored in “Preschool Teaching and Upbringing”. The paper gave a detailed description of the purpose, tasks and the outcomes of learning; and considered general and specific competenc-es, and the competences of the major subject area. General competences of a graduate were specified, with require-ments for general erudition taken into account and social and moral competences, and economic and managerial competences as well.

  1. Health impact assessment and monetary valuation of IQ loss in pre-school children due to lead exposure through locally produced food.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bierkens, J; Buekers, J; Van Holderbeke, M; Torfs, R

    2012-01-01

    A case study has been performed which involved the full chain assessment from policy drivers to health effect quantification of lead exposure through locally produced food on loss of IQ in pre-school children at the population level across the EU-27, including monetary valuation of the estimated health impact. Main policy scenarios cover the period from 2000 to 2020 and include the most important Community policy developments expected to affect the environmental release of lead (Pb) and corresponding human exposure patterns. Three distinct scenarios were explored: the emission situation based on 2000 data, a business-as-usual scenario (BAU) up to 2010 and 2020 and a scenario incorporating the most likely technological change expected (Most Feasible Technical Reductions, MFTR) in response to current and future legislation. Consecutive model calculations (MSCE-HM, WATSON, XtraFOOD, IEUBK) were performed by different partners on the project as part of the full chain approach to derive estimates of blood lead (B-Pb) levels in children as a consequence of the consumption of local produce. The estimated B-Pb levels were translated into an average loss of IQ points/child using an empirical relationship based on a meta-analysis performed by Schwartz (1994). The calculated losses in IQ points were subsequently further translated into the average cost/child using a cost estimate of €10.000 per loss of IQ point based on data from a literature review. The estimated average reduction of cost/child (%) for all countries considered in 2010 under BAU and MFTR are 12.16 and 18.08% as compared to base line conditions, respectively. In 2020 the percentages amount to 20.19 and 23.39%. The case study provides an example of the full-chain impact pathway approach taking into account all foreseeable pathways both for assessing the environmental fate and the associated human exposure and the mode of toxic action to arrive at quantitative estimates of health impacts at the individual and

  2. Prevalence, intensity of infection and risk factors of urinary schistosomiasis in pre-school and school aged children in Guma Local Government Area, Nigeria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    EU Amuta; RS Houmsou

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To determine the prevalence and intensity of infection and the risk factors associated with urinary schistosomiasis in pre-school and school aged children in Guma Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria. Methods: Urine filtration technique using polycarbonate membrane filters was employed to process urine specimens and to determine presence of Schistosoma haematobium eggs in urine. Questionnaires were also administered to children to collect information on socio-demographic data and water-contact activities. Results: An overall prevalence of 55.0% (165/300) was recorded out of the 300 urine samples examined. Prevalence of infection varied between 36.0%-64.0% with a significant difference (χ2= 11.59, P=0.041) between the different communities visited. Males were more infected (60.6%, 103/170) than females (47.7%, 62/130) with a significant difference (χ2= 4.95, P=0.026). The age-related prevalence showed higher prevalence (70.5%, 36/52) in the 11-15 year old children than that in the 1-5 year old ones (44.9%, 53/118). A significant difference was observed in the prevalence between the age groups (χ2=10.56, P=0.014). The prevalence of light intensity of infection (1-49 eggs/10 mL of urine) (86.6%) was significantly higher than that of heavy intensity of infection (≥50 eggs/10 mL of urine) (13.3%) in the area (t=16.48, P=0.000). Water contact activities of the children revealed that children that were involved in irrigation and those that went swimming in water bodies were observed to be at higher risk of becoming infected with urinary schistosomiasis in the area with odd ratios (risk factors) of 2.756 (1.334-5.693) and 2.366 (1.131-4.948) respectively at P<0.05 level. Conclusions: The study revealed the hyperendemicity of urinary schistosomiasis in the pre-school and school aged children in Guma Local Government Area. It is therefore recommended that praziquantel should be administered to children in the area and systematic epidemiological

  3. Distribution of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus in Dental Plaque of Indian Pre-School Children Using PCR and SB-20M Agar Medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Arun; Sachdev, Vinod; Chopra, Radhika

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Dental caries is one of the most common infectious diseases affecting the oral cavity. Among the oral bacteria, mutans streptococci have been implicated as major cariogenic bacteria as they can produce high levels of dental caries causing substances such as lactic acid and extracellular polysaccharides. Aim The aim of the study was to detect the presence of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus in dental plaque by using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method, quantification of these micro-organisms using Modified Sucrose-Bacitracin (SB-20M) agar medium and to correlate their presence in Caries Active (CA) and Caries Free (CF) pre-school children. Materials and Methods Sixty-eight pre-school children, in the age group of 3-5 years were divided equally into 34 CA and 34 CF children. Dental plaque samples were obtained for detection of these microorganisms by PCR method and quantification was done using SB-20M culture medium. The data was analyzed using statistical software SPSS version 16. For statistical analysis, the frequencies and means of Colony Forming Units (CFU) were used with CI = 95%. For bivariate analysis, Fisher exact test was used at 5% level of significance. The comparison of mean of number of CFU of S. mutans and S. sobrinus was made by Mann Whitney U test and Spearman’s Rho test at 1% level of significance was used for correlation between dmft and CFU in CA group. Results The results showed that S. sobrinus was significantly higher in CA group as compared to CF group whereas S. mutans showed no significant difference. On quantification of these micro-organisms, S. sobrinus was present in significantly higher numbers in CA group as compared to CF group. On correlating the CFU/ml of the micro-organisms with the dmft index, both the micro-organisms showed a positive correlation. Conclusion We conclude that S. mutans and S. sobrinus were detected in higher numbers in CA children as compared to CF children. PCR is a sensitive

  4. Value of health, incidence of depression, and level of self-esteem in low-income mothers of pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, E I; Doremus, P C; Potter, M B

    1990-01-01

    Nurses are continually promoting health and healthy lifestyles. This contribution requires that nurses understand client values and priorities. Traditionally, women have had responsibility for their own and their families' health. Nurses must recognize and understand the complex influences shaping the value women place on health. The literature indicates that women want to participate actively in their own health care by assuming more responsibility for their health and well-being. This research evolved as a result of nursing student and faculty interactions with mothers of pre-school children enrolled in a Headstart program. During these experiences, observations related to the needs of the mothers included poor health practices (smoking, being overweight), lack of motivation, statements of feeling depressed, difficulty making decisions, feelings of being overwhelmed by parenting demands, powerlessness, and disenfranchisement. This descriptive, correlational study was designed to determine the value of health, incidence of depression, and characteristics of self-esteem among low-income mothers of pre-school children. This sample of convenience was comprised of 133 low-income mothers who responded to a mailed survey. Three instruments were used in the study: the Wallston and Wallston Health Values Scale, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Data were analyzed by collection of frequency of response, which was then converted to a percentage. To determine if differences existed in respect to demographic variables, ANOVA (self-esteem and depression) and Chi Square (health) measures were used. Participation in activities outside the home accounted for a significant difference in self-esteem. Mothers involved in activities reported higher self-esteem. The findings suggest that participation in activities may increase self-esteem and lower depression. Over three-quarters (85%) of mothers placed a high value on

  5. ROLE OF THE FAMILY IN THE FORMATION OF COGNITIVE ACTIVITY OF CHILDREN IN PRE-SCHOOL AND PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oksana Nikolaevna Istratova

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: examine the components of cognitive activity of children in preschool and primary school from wealthy families and disharmonious and - in orphanages.Methodology: the theoretical analysis of the problem highlighted components of cognitive activity and factors of its development in childhood. Methods of the study were the analysis of the scientific literature, diagnostic techniques, statistical methods of data processing (criterion angular transformation φ * Fisher.Results: the results showed that, compared with children of harmonious families, children, emotionally rejected by their parents, have a low level of cognitive interest, descriptive and practical type of questioning and research activity, the prevalence of medium indicators of cognitive activity. For the younger students is manifested in the instability of the focus on learning activities.Preschoolers from the orphanage have a decrease of all components of cognitive activity (cognitive interest, questioning and research activities, the success of cognitive activity.The paper concludes the importance of the emotional component of communication of the parents with the child to develop his cognitive activity and further social and psychological adaptation.Practical implications: materials can be used in the practice of educational institutions for professionals working with families to correct parent-child relationship and optimization of cognitive and personality development of children.

  6. Pre-school reading badge called "Iridescent Little Fish" and its impact on reading habits later in life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavka Kristan

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available The project called Footsteps to the Book is being carried out at the youth department of the Library Miran Jarc in Novo mesto; in it, preschool children from the municipalities Novo mesto, Šentjernej and Škocjan participate. The child wins the reading badge - Iridescent Little Fish with a pin - by telling four stories (or poemsin the library that havebeen told or read to him by his parents. Family appreciation can be won by both parents and children. The project has been started with the intention of lessening the impact of media upon children, and of strengthening the spiritual bondage among parents and children through reading. The purpose of the above mentioned activity is to develop and enrich child's language and thinking and help h im form positive self esteem. Through family reading, we tried to attract to the library not only small children but also their parents and to get them accustomed to the regular use of library materials. The opinions of parents,librarians, teachers and educators are very encouraging and the cooperation of children is better each year.

  7. [Prevalence of giardiasis and intestinal parasites in pre-school children from homes being attended as part of a state programme in Armenia, Colombia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giraldo-Gómez, Jorge M; Lora, Fabiana; Henao, Luz H; Mejía, Shirley; Gómez-Marín, Jorge E

    2005-01-01

    Determining the prevalence of giardiasis and intestinal parasitism in pre-school children from the Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar (ICBF). Three serial faecal samples were collected from 328 children following informed consent from their legal guardians. Microscopic and macroscopic tests were made using 1% Lugol, 0.83% saline solution, saline-eosin solution and Kato Katz and Ritchie's test as a confirming test. Positive samples were preserved in saline formol solution. Pathogen parasites had the following prevalence frequencies: 2.4% for Ascaris lumbricoides, 0.6% for Hymenolepsis nana, 2.1% for Trichuris trichura, 6.1% for Blastocystis hominis and 13% for Giardia lamblia. The results of this work showed low helminth frequency compared to that for protozoa; control strategies using single doses of Albendazol are therefore not useful. The most prevalent pathogen parasite was Giardia lamblia in children from the ICBF in Armenia. Periodic surveillance of parasites in children is thereby recommended. The prevalence of Giardia lamblia was not statistically related to the children's nutritional state. Most Giardia-infected children were asymptomatic.

  8. Current status of soil-transmitted helminthiases among pre-school and school-aged children from Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sowemimo, O A; Asaolu, S O

    2011-09-01

    A cross-sectional survey was conducted to determine the prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminths among pre-school and school-aged children attending nursery and primary schools in Ile-Ife. Single stool samples were collected between January and March, 2009 from 352 children randomly selected from a total of 456 children attending both private and government schools. The stool samples were processed using the modified Kato-Katz technique, and then examined for the eggs of soil-transmitted helminths (STHs). One hundred and twenty-one (34.4%) samples were positive for STH eggs. The overall prevalences of Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworm were 33.2%, 3.7% and 0.9%, respectively. The prevalence of STH infection in government schools (47.8%) was significantly higher than in private schools (16.1%) (P Ife and that the burden of parasitic infections is greater in government schools than in private schools.

  9. IMPLICATIONS OF THE OVERJET VALUE AND OF THE MALOCCLUSION CLASS IN PREDICTING THE DYNAMICS OF DENTO-PERIODONTAL TRAUMATISMS IN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Cioată

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The scope of the study is to evaluate the influence exercised by the overjet values, associated to a class of malocclusions, in the characterization and prediction of dento-periodontal traumatic events in pre-school children. Materials and method. The study was developed on a group of 672 children with chronological ages ranging between 3-7 years, coming from urban and rural areas of the Iaşi district. The presence of dento-periodontal traumatisms, the overjet and the canine class were followed. Data processing was made with the STATISTICA program. Results and discussion. The prevalence of dentoperiodontal traumatisms in the experimental group was of 19.64%. The urban environment to which the childern belonged was moderately associated with the presence of traumatisms, the prevalence of which was significantly higher (40.19% in children with overjet values exceeding 6 mm. Canine class II was significantly associated with the presence of traumatisms (54.55%, the children without traumatisms showing mainly canine class I (62.96%. Conclusions. The overjet value may represent an important factor for predicting the occurrence of dentoperiodontal traumatisms in temporary dentition.

  10. Urinary screening for asymptomatic renal disorders in pre-school children in Enugu metropolis, South-east Nigeria: Useful or useless

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odutola Israel Odetunde

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available To evaluate the usefulness of simple screening tests such as urinalysis and blood pressure measurement in the early detection of renal disorders in pre-School children, we used a multi-staged random sampling method to select subjects from registered nursery schools within Enugu metropolis in south-east Nigeria. We selected 630 children for this cohort study. There was a prevalence of 2.7%, 0% and 1.9% for asymptomatic proteinuria, hematuria and hypertension, respectively. There was no age, gender or social class preponderance (P = 0.44. Hypertension seemed to be limited to children close to the age group of five years (P <0.001. No correlations could be documented between asymptomatic proteinuria, hematuria or hypertension. The prevalence of persistent proteinuria was found to be 1.6% and the mean urinary protein excretion estimation (spot urine protein/creatinine was 1.88 g/mg ± 0.53, with a mean glomerular filtration rate of 78.7 ± 12.6 mL/min/1.73 m 3 . Renal ultrasonography revealed abnormal findings in 30% of the children with persistent proteinuria. Asymptomatic persistent proteinuria with or without hematuria and hypertension could be a presumptive evidence of an underlying renal parenchymal disease and should be properly investigated and followed-up.

  11. Phonological awareness development in children with and without spoken language difficulties: A 12-month longitudinal study of German-speaking pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Blanca; Stackhouse, Joy; Wells, Bill

    2017-10-01

    There is strong empirical evidence that English-speaking children with spoken language difficulties (SLD) often have phonological awareness (PA) deficits. The aim of this study was to explore longitudinally if this is also true of pre-school children speaking German, a language that makes extensive use of derivational morphemes which may impact on the acquisition of different PA levels. Thirty 4-year-old children with SLD were assessed on 11 PA subtests at three points over a 12-month period and compared with 97 four-year-old typically developing (TD) children. The TD-group had a mean percentage correct of over 50% for the majority of tasks (including phoneme tasks) and their PA skills developed significantly over time. In contrast, the SLD-group improved their PA performance over time on syllable and rhyme, but not on phoneme level tasks. Group comparisons revealed that children with SLD had weaker PA skills, particularly on phoneme level tasks. The study contributes a longitudinal perspective on PA development before school entry. In line with their English-speaking peers, German-speaking children with SLD showed poorer PA skills than TD peers, indicating that the relationship between SLD and PA is similar across these two related but different languages.

  12. An Analysis of the Present Pre-school Teaching Material%当前学前一年教材分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡彩云; 李奎香

    2012-01-01

    针对当前学前教育教材纷繁多样的问题,本文选取北京、江苏两地具有代表性的学前一年教材大班用书各一套,对其教师用书的体系结构、内容分布,幼儿用书的体系结构、内容选取以及教材的"入学准备"适切性进行了深度的文本分析,从而揭示出学前一年教材的特点与问题,为学前教育从业人员的教材编制、分析与选择使用提供借鉴。%Among many types of pre-school teaching materials,this paper takes samples of the last year of preschool teaching materials from Beijing and Jiangsu.Analyzing the frameworks,contexts and the fitness for children's school readiness of the two teaching materials,this article discovers the characteristics and problems of the last year of preschool teaching materials for reference when preschool teaching profession write,analyze and select teaching materials.

  13. Early second language acquisition: a comparison of the linguistic output of a pre-school child acquiring English as a second language with that of a monolingual peer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Letts, C A

    1991-08-01

    Two pre-school children were recorded at regular intervals over a 9-month period while playing freely together. One child was acquiring English as a second language, whilst the other was a monolingual English speaker. The sociolinguistic domain was such that the children were likely to be motivated to communicate with each other in English. A variety of quantitative measures were taken from the transcribed data, including measures of utterance type, length, type-token ratios, use of auxiliaries and morphology. The child for whom English was a second language was found to be well able to interact on equal terms with his partner, despite being somewhat less advanced in some aspects of English language development by the end of the sampling period. Whilst he appeared to be consolidating his language skills during this time, his monolingual partner appeared to be developing rapidly. It is hoped that normative longitudinal data of this kind will be of use in the accurate assessment of children from dual language backgrounds, who may be referred for speech and language therapy.

  14. The Value of Finger Games for Pre-school Children with Intellectual Disabilities and Curriculum Development of Finger Games%手指游戏对学前智障儿童的价值及课程开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任加艳

    2014-01-01

    学前智障儿童与普通儿童一样,也有游戏的需要与权力。手指游戏是伴随儿歌或口令节奏,通过手部动作、言语去构造游戏情境而开展的游戏活动,对学前智障儿童具有以下几方面的价值:矫治其不良的情绪与行为、发展其精细动作和语言、开发其大脑、培养其交往合作能力。基于此,本研究根据学前智障儿童的身心特点、教学规律等,开发了学前智障儿童的手指游戏课程,并将其应用到一日生活中。%Pre-school children with intellectual disabilities and normal pre-school children all have the need and the right to play. Finger games are entertainment activities which are carried out through hand gesture and speech accompanied by nursery rhymes or oral rhythms, which have the following benefits for pre-school children with intellectual disabilities: correcting their abnormal emotions and behaviors, developing their fine motion and language skills, activating their brain, cultivating their capacities of communication and cooperation. Based on this, this study developed finger game course according to physical and psychological characteristics of pre-school children with intellectual disabilities, teaching rules and so on, and applied it to their daily kindergarten life.

  15. Comment on the Factors Influencing Pre-school Chil-dren's Suspect Ability%学前儿童怀疑能力影响因素述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马夏霞; 陆婷

    2013-01-01

      幼儿在获取信息以及意图推理的基础上发展出一种更高级的心理能力——怀疑能力。国外研究表明,幼儿对外来信息具有一定的批判性,信息的可靠性以及心理理论的发展情况是影响幼儿怀疑能力发展的两个主要因素。其中,心理理论的发展水平,尤其是儿童对他人意图推理与幼儿怀疑能力的发展之间存在着相互促进、互相制约的关系。未来研究在扩展研究年龄段的同时需要考虑潜在信息的欺骗性。%Children develop suspect ability on the basis of ac-cessing information and intent reasoning. Previous studies showed that pre-school student is critical when they process in-formation. The reliability of the information and theory of mind (ToM) level are the two major factors influence children's suspect ability. Intention reasoning ability, one of the ToM ability promote as well as restraint mutually with suspect ability. Future research is to consider to investigate older children's suspect ability, and the deceptive information's influence in suspecting.

  16. Association between early childhood exposure to malaria and children’s pre-school development: evidence from the Zambia early childhood development project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fink Günther

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite major progress made over the past 10 years, malaria remains one of the primary causes of ill health in developing countries in general, and in sub-Saharan Africa in particular. Whilst a large literature has documented the frequency and severity of malaria infections for children under-five years, relatively little evidence is available regarding the impact of early childhood malaria exposure on subsequent child development. Methods The objective of the study was to assess the associations between early childhood exposure to malaria and pre-school development. Child assessment data for 1,410 children in 70 clusters collected through the 2010 Zambian Early Childhood Development Project was linked with malaria parasite prevalence data from the 2006 Zambia Malaria Indicator Survey. Linear and logistic models were used to estimate the effect of early childhood exposure to malaria on anthropometric outcomes as well as on a range of cognitive and behavioural development measures. Results No statistically significant associations were found between parasite exposure and children’s height and weight. Exposure to the malaria parasite was, however, associated with lower ability to cope with cognitive tasks administered by interviewers (z-score difference −1.11, 95% CI −2.43–0.20, as well as decreased overall socio-emotional development as assessed by parents (z-score difference −1.55, 95% CI −3.13–0.02. No associations were found between malaria exposure and receptive vocabulary or fine-motor skills. Conclusions The results presented in this paper suggest potentially large developmental consequences of early childhood exposure to malaria. Continued efforts to lower the burden of malaria will not only reduce under-five mortality, but may also have positive returns in terms of the long-term well-being of exposed cohorts.

  17. Improving the quality of care for children with wheeze: The use of electronic asthma action plans and electronic pre-school wheeze action plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Leary, Fenton; Pegiazoglou, Ioannis; Marshall, Tracey; Thosar, Deepali; Deck, Mitchell; Peat, Jennifer; Ging, Joanna; Selvadurai, Hiran

    2016-09-01

    To measure the long-term improvement in the documented provision of an asthma action plan (AAP) to children with asthma and wheeze discharged from the Emergency Department following the introduction of the electronic AAP (eAAP) and to determine the need for an electronic pre-school wheeze action plan in our population. A retrospective case note review, from July 2014 to June 2015, of all patients over 12 months old discharged from the Emergency Department or Emergency Medical Unit, with a discharge diagnosis of either asthma or wheeze. The primary outcome was the documentation of an AAP, either recorded electronically as an eAAP or a report of an AAP as part of the patient medical record. Two thousand three hundred and forty-two patients were included in the study, 926 with asthma and 1416 with wheeze. The median age was 3.3 years (interquartile range (IQR) 3.5, range 1-15.9 years). The median age of the children with asthma was 5.3 years (IQR 4.6) and of the children with wheeze was 2.5 years (IQR 2.0).Overall, 1683 (71.9%) children had a documented AAP, with a significant difference between those with a discharge diagnosis of asthma (85.9%) compared with wheeze (62.9%), P children with a discharge diagnosis of asthma. Children with a discharge diagnosis of wheeze are significantly less likely to receive an action plan. © 2016 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Paediatrics and Child Health Division (The Royal Australasian College of Physicians).

  18. Application and Evaluation of IWB in Pre-school's Education%电子交互白板在学前教育中的应用评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任静

    2008-01-01

    电子交互白板是一种高科技电子教学系统,是实现课堂教学信息化的高科技方式.应用电子交互白板对幼儿进行教学是一种有益的尝试,通过案例可以看出,该教学有益于幼儿教师的专业发展,对幼儿的成长具有积极作用,同时在实际教学中还存在着一些问题.

  19. The Role of Parents in the Education of Children of Pre-School Age in Tropical Africa, India and the Maghreb Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Div. of Structures, Content, Methods and Techniques of Education.

    The case studies summarized in this report are based on ethnographic surveys carried out mainly in Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, and Senegal (collectively called "Tropical Africa" in the text). The surveys were also carried out in the Maghreb countries, especially Algeria and southern India. Their common objective…

  20. 学前教育不公平现状及改善途径%Inequalities in Pre-school Education and Measures of Improvement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉超

    2011-01-01

    当前学前教育存在诸多突出问题,人园难、入园贵,国家财政投入不足、不均,师资力量参差不齐,教育质量存在明显差异.这些问题影响了学前教育公平的实现.学前教育健康发展,需要完善法律法规,在人财物等方面加大投入.

  1. Evaluation of a Training Programme for Non-Health Professionals as Oral Health Educators

    OpenAIRE

    Seman, Kamariah; Yaacob, Habibah; Hamid, Abd. Manaf Hj.; Ismail, Abdul Rashid; Yusoff, Azizah

    2008-01-01

    Involvement of oral health educators among non-health professionals in oral health promotion is important in the prevention of oral diseases. This study was carried out to compare the level of oral health knowledge among pre-school teachers before and after oral health seminar. Pre-test data was collected by distributing questionnaire to pre-school teachers in Pasir Mas, who attended the seminar on “Oral Health” (n=33) and they were required to fill anonymously before the seminar started. The...

  2. Aprendizagem social e comportamentos agressivo e lúdico de meninos pré-escolares Social learning and aggressive and playful behaviors of pre-school boys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timoteo Madaleno Vieira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Investigamos a relação entre fatores de aprendizagem social, acessados via questionários, e os comportamentos agressivos e lúdicos de meninos pré-escolares, através de observação direta durante o recreio. Os participantes foram 15 meninos com idades entre quatro e seis anos, da cidade de Goiânia, GO, Brasil. Uma análise multivariada de variância indicou efeitos significativos de modelos de agressividade em casa nas taxas de agressão durante o brincar. Crianças expostas a punições físicas abusivas, brigas entre adultos e programas violentos de TV apresentaram mais agressões reais. Meninos que relataram brincar com armas de brinquedo em casa não apresentaram mais agressões reais do que os que relataram o contrário, mas apresentaram maior proporção de agressões de faz-de-conta. Os resultados também indicaram que quanto mais modelos agressivos em casa, maior a incidência de comportamentos agressivos.We investigated the interaction between social learning factors measured by questionnaires and aggressive and playful behaviors of pre-school children, through direct observation during their playful break time. The subjects were 15 boys between four and six years old who were enrolled in a non-profit child care center in Goiânia-GO, Brazil. A multivariate analysis of variance indicated significant effects of aggressive models at home on aggression levels during playful behavior. Children exposed to abusive physical punishment, adult fighting and violent TV programs engaged in more episodes of aggression during playful breaks. Boys who reported to play with toy guns at home did not engage in aggressive behavior more often than those who did not, but they displayed a higher proportion of pretended aggression. Results also indicated that aggressive behavior becomes more frequent as the number of aggressive models at home increases.

  3. Teejuht nutikale tarbijale / Epp Adler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Adler, Epp

    2006-01-01

    Käimas on 2006/2007 õa "Euroopa päevik: teejuht nutikale tarbijale" tellimine, mis lõpeb 24. veebruaril. Päevik on 25 Euroopa Liidu liikmesriigis välja antav koolipäevik, millesse on lisatud 88 lehekülge infot tarbimise, Euroopa ja tervise teemadel

  4. Erythropoietic Protoporphyria (EPP) or Protoporphyria

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... open Tuesday, September 6, 2017 Aug 30, 2017 Hurricane Harvey and Office Closure Update Aug 28, 2017 Office Closed due to Hurricane Harvey Aug 24, 2017 Research Volunteers Needed » More recent ...

  5. Disain ja eneseteadvus / Epp Lankots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    1999-01-01

    Vitra Disainimuuseumi miniatuurtoolide ekspositsioon "Sada tooli" Rotermanni soolalaos. Taani disaini näitus "Elav disain ئ dialoog" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Võrdluseks Eestiga Brasiilia disainist ja arhitektuurist. Eesti disaini olukorrast. M. Pärna Nordrhein Westfaleni Disainikeskuse auhinna "The Best in the Best Rote Punkt" saanud mööbel Kunstihoone galeriis.

  6. Playing with geometry in preschool education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipa Balinha

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the exploration of geometry tasks with a group of children attending pre-school education in Braga. Four tasks were presented in the context of geometry to a group of 20 children aged 3 to 4 years. The tasks included the approach to geometric figures, the topological relations, maps reading and spatial orientation. As it is described in this article, it became clear that with practice, at this age, you can work geometry and mathematics as long the tasks are presented in the form of games or challenges. It is important that the tasks are designed for pre-school education attending the curriculum documents. In this way, we can connect the several areas of knowledgeand build interesting and challenging tasks to help children grow and learn while playing.Keywords: Mathematics; Kindergarten; Geometry; Preschool

  7. Education about Child Sexual Abuse on Interactive Multimedia CD-Rom for Undergraduate Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, Juliette D. G.; Torrisi-Steele, Geraldine

    2004-01-01

    In many countries, one aspect of health education, namely child sexual abuse, has become an important issue for teachers in pre-schools, primary schools and high schools to address. In Australia, many states now have mandatory reporting of child sexual abuse by teachers to their Principals then to the police or the Department of Families.…

  8. Was East German Education a Victim of West German "Colonisation" after Unification?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pritchard, Rosalind M. O.

    2002-01-01

    Argues that during German unification reform structures and ideas were not forced on the German Democratic Republic (GDR). Notes that a divided secondary school structure replaced the GDR unified school, but that was by request. Reveals that the East German's well-developed, pre-school education and childcare system was copied by West Germany.…

  9. PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN NIZHNI NOVGOROD PROVINCE IN YEARS OF SOVIET POWER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Vasilyevna Bystrovа

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Scientific historical-historical and social-pedagogical principals of development of a pre-school educational offices in Nizhegorodskaja gubernija in the context a Russian historical-pedagogical education are determined in the article. Causes of making of the pre-school net are distingvished: political, social, psychological-pedagogical. Rating of the state system of a pre-school up-bringing including: nursery schools and hearths, kindergartens and grounds, childrens` homes and others are discovered.Purpose: determine the scientific, historical and socio-pedagogical bases of development of preschool educational institutions in the 1917-1930 biennium in the Nizhny Novgorod region.Method or the methodology of work. Realaizing of the principles of science and historism we used generals methods for historical science methods(discovering analize, generalizing, learning of archive and published materials; concrete-historical, theoretic and a systematic analize,specific methods are also founded which are characterized for historic-theoretic researches: comparing ,situational-historical,historical-genetic,concrete-historical,textological analize.Results. A system characteristic of pre-school educational offices in the 20 th years of the 20 century in Nizhegorodskaya guberniya in the conditions of changing social-political sphere of Russia is offered and based. The sphere of useing of the results The result presents an evid interest for teachers, sociologs, people who learn history, who deal researching of a pre-school teaching.Practical implications. The result is an obvious interest for educators, sociologists, historians engaged in research the issue of preschool education.

  10. 以《幼儿画报》为例谈对幼儿良好习惯的培养%Discussion on the Cultivation of Young Children's Good ;Habits with "Pre-school Pictorial" as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵艳玲

    2015-01-01

    To form good habits of young children, "Pre-school Pictorial" always takes a fascinating story and exciting nursery rhymes closely integrated. With 2014 "Pre-school Pictorial" as an example, the magazine plays an important role in cultivating good habits of young children, such as keeping straight posture, paying attention to hygiene and loving brushing their teeth, and working in a clean manner. In a word, combining stories and songs, "Pre-school Pictorial" takes a solid foundation for culti-vating good habits of young children.%《幼儿画报》总是能把引人入胜的故事和朗朗上口的儿歌紧密结合起来,以便帮助幼儿养成良好的习惯。从2014年的《幼儿画报》中,可以看出它对幼儿几方面良好习惯的培养起到了重要作用:培养幼儿保持挺拔姿势的好习惯;培养幼儿爱刷牙讲卫生的好习惯;培养幼儿做事干净利索的好习惯。总之,《幼儿画报》采用故事与儿歌相结合的方式,为幼儿良好习惯的培养打下坚实的基础。

  11. Características vocais acústicas de crianças pré-escolares Vocal acoustic characteristics in pre-school aged children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Michele Cappellari

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O primeiro passo em qualquer tratamento é a avaliação. Desta forma, parâmetros de normalidade são a base para uma adequada avaliação. OBJETIVO: Verificar as medidas e características vocais de 23 crianças pré-escolares, entre quatro e seis anos, de ambos os sexos. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: A amostragem contou com questionário, triagem auditiva, e avaliação perceptivo-auditiva vocal, por meio da escala R.A.S.A.T.. A análise acústica foi realizada por meio do Multidimensional Voice Program. ESTUDO: Prospectivo de corte transversal. RESULTADOS: A variação de freqüência (vf0 e a proporção harmônico-ruído (NHR foram maiores na amostra total que aos cinco e seis anos; à medida que a idade aumentou, o NHR reduziu; à medida que o quociente de perturbação de Amplitude (PPQ aumentou, a vf0, variação de amplitude (vAm, o índice de fonação suave (SPI e o NHR também aumentaram; à medida que o PPQ, quociente de perturbação de amplitude (APQ e índice de turbulência vocal (VTI aumentaram, o índice de fonação suave (SPI reduziu. CONCLUSÃO: Os parâmetros acústicos, aos quatro anos, evidenciaram a imaturidade das estruturas e a falta de controle neuromuscular nessa idade e que o início deste processo de maturação, possivelmente, ocorre próximo aos cinco e seis anos de idade.Evaluation is the first step for any treatment. Therefore, normal parameters are the bases for proper evaluation. AIM: Verify measures and vocal acoustic characteristics of 23 pre-school aged children of both genders, aged four to six years and eight months. METHODS: The sampling process comprised a questionnaire -that was sent to parents, auditory screening and vocal-perception auditory assessment, based on the R.A.S.A.T. scale. Acoustic analysis was carried out through the Multi Dimensional Voice Program. STUDY: Prospective and cross-sectional. RESULTS: The noise-harmonic ratio (NHR and frequency variation (vf0 of the total sample was higher than what

  12. Common cold among pre-school children in China - associations with ambient PM10 and dampness, mould, cats, dogs, rats and cockroaches in the home environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norbäck, Dan; Lu, Chan; Zhang, Yinping; Li, Baizhan; Zhao, Zhuohui; Huang, Chen; Zhang, Xin; Qian, Hua; Sundell, Jan; Deng, Qihong

    2017-06-01

    There is some evidence that dampness, mould and cockroaches can increase the risk of respiratory infections in children but few studies exist from China on this topic. Aim To study associations between domestic early life exposure to biological indoor factors (dampness, mould, cats, dogs, rats, cockroaches), cleaning habits and common cold among pre-school children across China. Children aged 3-6years (n=39,782) were recruited from randomly selected day care centres in seven cities in China. Data on common cold and prenatal and postnatal exposure to dampness, mould, windowpane condensation in wintertime (WPC), cats, dogs, cockroaches and rats were assessed by a parentally administered questionnaire. Data on annual ambient temperature and PM10 was assessed on city level. Associations between high frequency (>5 colds per year) and long duration (≥2weeks) of common colds in the past year and exposure were calculated by multilevel logistic regression. A total of 9.2% had a high frequency and 11.9% had long duration of common cold. Exposure to mould (OR=1.38, 95% CI 1.24-1.53) and WPC (OR 1.23, 95%CI 1.13-1.33) at birth was associated with frequent common cold. Exposure to dogs at birth was associated with long duration of common cold. (OR=1.22, 95% CI 1.06-1.41). Exposure to mould (OR=1.36, 95% CI 1.22-1.54), WPC (OR=1.27, 95%CI 1.17-1.39) and water leakage (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.20-1.49) in the current home was associated with frequent common cold. Presence of cockroaches were positively (OR=1.12, 95% CI 1.02-1.24) and presence of rats (OR=0.86, 95% CI 0.77-0.96) negatively associated with high frequency of common cold. Daily cleaning was negatively associated with frequent common cold (OR=0.89, 95% CI 0.81-0.97). Similar associations for mould, WPC, cockroaches and rats were found for long duration. Ambient PM10 (OR=1.21, 95% CI 1.21-1.35 per 10μg/m(3)) and temperature (OR=1.13, 95% CI 1.06-1.35 °C) on city level were associated with high frequency of common cold

  13. OUTDOOR EDUCATION AND GEOGRAPHICAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDREA GUARAN

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the reflection on the relationship between values and methodological principles of Outdoor Education and spatial and geographical education perspectives, especially in pre-school and primary school, which relates to the age between 3 and 10 years. Outdoor Education is an educational practice that is already rooted in the philosophical thought of the 16th and the 17th centuries, from John Locke to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and in the pedagogical thought, in particular Friedrich Fröbel, and it has now a quite stable tradition in Northern Europe countries. In Italy, however, there are still few experiences and they usually do not have a systematic and structural modality, but rather a temporarily and experimentally outdoor organization. In the first part, this paper focuses on the reasons that justify a particular attention to educational paths that favour outdoors activities, providing also a definition of outdoor education and highlighting its values. It is also essential to understand that educational programs in open spaces, such as a forest or simply the schoolyard, surely offers the possibility to learn geographical situations. Therefore, the question that arises is how to finalize the best stimulus that the spatial location guarantees for the acquisition of knowledge, skills and abilities about space and geography.

  14. OUTDOOR EDUCATION AND GEOGRAPHICAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDREA GUARAN

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the reflection on the relationship between values and methodological principles of Outdoor Education and spatial and geographical education perspectives, especially in pre-school and primary school, which relates to the age between 3 and 10 years. Outdoor Education is an educational practice that is already rooted in the philosophical thought of the 16th and the 17th centuries, from John Locke to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and in the pedagogical thought, in particular Friedrich Fröbel, and it has now a quite stable tradition in Northern Europe countries. In Italy, however, there are still few experiences and they usually do not have a systematic and structural modality, but rather a temporarily and experimentally outdoor organization. In the first part, this paper focuses on the reasons that justify a particular attention to educational paths that favour outdoors activities, providing also a definition of outdoor education and highlighting its values. It is also essential to understand that educational programs in open spaces, such as a forest or simply the schoolyard, surely offers the possibility to learn geographical situations. Therefore, the question that arises is how to finalize the best stimulus that the spatial location guarantees for the acquisition of knowledge, skills and abilities about space and geography.

  15. Recent research on geometry education: an ICME-13 survey team report

    OpenAIRE

    Sinclair, Nathalie; Bartolini Bussi, Maria G.; de Villiers, Michael; Jones, Keith; Kortenkamp, Ulrich; Leung, Allen; Owens, Kay

    2016-01-01

    This survey on the theme of Geometry Education (including new technologies) focuses chiefly on the time span since 2008. Based on our review of the research literature published during this time span (in refereed journal articles, conference proceedings and edited books), we have jointly identified seven major threads of contributions as these relate to the early years of learning (pre-school and primary school) through to post-compulsory education and to the issue of mathematics teacher educ...

  16. Sex Education for my Preschooler (ages 3 to 5)? Parents’ Perceptions

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This investigation was conducted as a result of the lack of studies, specifically on children’s sex education and the role that parents play in it, despite the major advances in the knowledge on sexuality and its education. The main goal of this qualitative study was to understand parents’ perceptions regarding sexual education of their children ages 3 to 5. Three focus group sessions were conducted with parents from Cuenca pre-schools. Data was processed using thematic analysis. The study in...

  17. Play, Work and Education: Situating a Froebelian Debate (Juego, trabajo y educación: situando un debate froebeliano)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brehony, Kevin J.

    2013-01-01

    Currently, the place of play in schooling and education is controversial. Even in pre-school, where play is most likely to be found, its status is often precarious. This article notes that in many ancient religious traditions, play is sometimes viewed as sinful, whereas work, its antithesis, is seen as virtuous. The German educationist, Friedrich…

  18. Empowering Adult Education in Namibia and South Africa during and after Apartheid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopfer, Christiane

    1997-01-01

    After more than 40 years of education for Apartheid, the development of empowering adult education with the formerly disadvantaged population groups is one of the major challenges for the democratically elected governments in South Africa and Namibia. One of the strongest forces that sustained Apartheid in Namibia until 1990, and in South Africa until 1994, was an education system with different schools and resources for the different population groups. Despite the strict implementation of the Bantu Education System by the white government, some groups of people could still organise alternative education projects aiming at participants' gaining more control over their own lifes. Groups of women in the Western Cape initiated autonomous pre-school projects and took part in in-service training for pre-school teachers in the 1980s. A similar process took place with adult literacy learners in the National Literacy Programme in Namibia.

  19. THE ROLE OF GEOGRAPHY IN STARTING TEACHER TRAINING FOR INFANT AND PRIMARY EDUCATION IN ITALY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDREA GUARAN

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In Italy, in order to practice teaching in pre-school and primary school, it is compulsory to have a specific degree in the Science of primary education. It is a five-year course that qualifies you for teaching in both cases and it is subdivided in three main steps: traditional disciplinary courses, laboratories connected to their corresponding courses (for instance, the course of Geography didactics includes the corresponding laboratory, and training activities. These latter ones are subdivided as well in indirect training that is coordinated by the supervisors of the internship and direct training, which is carried out within schools. The teaching of Geography, even if it is underestimated in terms of hours of class as compared to other disciplinary fields, turns out to be essential, since spatial and geographical education is part of the obligatory educational offer for education in pre-school and in primary school.

  20. “三喻文化”与幼儿教师专业化发展%"Three-Figurative Culture" and Professional Development of Pre-school Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王姣莉; 曹艳梅

    2011-01-01

    在"三喻文化"的时代背景下,作为文化传递主体之一的幼儿教师,正确认识和理解教学中的前喻文化、同喻文化和后喻文化,对促进其专业化发展具有重要意义。%In a background of "three-figurative culture",how pre-school teachers,one of the main bodies of the cultural transmission,understand pre-figurative culture,co-figurative culture and post-figurative culture,would have an important influence on professional development of preschool teachers.

  1. ‘Swim for Health:’ Barriers to participation for pre-school aged children and their families in an aquatic activity intervention in the North of England

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Evans, Adam B.; Sleap, Mike

    2008-01-01

    health inequalities across the region. Aquatic activity offers great potential for reducing obesity levels in at risk communities (e.g. Hardy 1990). A key group within this intervention was children of pre-school age and their parents in lower socio-economic groups. The study aimed to identify perceived...... indicate only 50% of participants engaged in physical activity without their families. Participants’ male partners engaged more in physical activity alone, suggesting strong gender roles in physical activity choices. Where solitary physical activity was in evidence, perfecting the body through ‘bodywork......’ was central. However, swimming was still popular as a family activity. Participants felt less self-conscious about the perceived deficiencies of their bodies when swimming with their families as they focussed instead on their children’s wellbeing, pool hygiene and risk. Hence, participants emphasised children...

  2. Gender differences in the association between stop-signal reaction times, body mass indices and/or spontaneous food intake in pre-school children: an early model of compromised inhibitory control and obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitan, R D; Rivera, J; Silveira, P P; Steiner, M; Gaudreau, H; Hamilton, J; Kennedy, J L; Davis, C; Dube, L; Fellows, L; Wazana, A; Matthews, S; Meaney, M J

    2015-04-01

    Poor inhibitory control is associated with overeating and/or obesity in school-age children, adolescents and adults. The current study examined whether an objective and reliable marker of response inhibition, the stop-signal reaction time (SSRT), is associated with body mass index (BMI) z-scores and/or food intake during a snack test in pre-school children. The current sample consisted of 193 pre-school children taking part in a longitudinal study of early brain development (Maternal Adversity, Vulnerability and Neurodevelopment (the MAVAN project)). Linear mixed-effect models were used to examine whether the SSRT measured at age 48 months associated with BMI z-scores and/or dietary intake during a laboratory-based snack test. After controlling for significant covariates including maternal BMI, there was a significant gender by SSRT interaction effect in predicting 48-month BMI z-scores. Post-hoc analysis revealed an association between longer SSRTs (poor response inhibition) and higher BMIs in girls but not boys. Across both girls and boys, longer SSRTs were associated with greater intake of carbohydrates and sugars during the snack test. The association between SSRT scores and BMI z-scores in girls was not statistically mediated by carbohydrate or sugar intake. At 48 months of age, slower response inhibition on the Stop-Signal Task associates with higher BMI z-scores in girls, and with higher intake of carbohydrates and sugars during a snack test across both genders. Ongoing follow-up of these children will help clarify the implications of these associations for longer term macronutrient intake, eating-related pathology and/or pathological weight gain over time.

  3. 北海市学龄前儿童龋齿病因调查分析%The cause of decayed tooth in deciduous teeth among pre-school children in Beihai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何静

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解本地区学龄前儿童乳牙龋病流行情况,以指导今后的乳牙龋病防治工作.方法 对900名学龄前儿童按标准统一进行口腔检查和口腔卫生调查.结果 被调查者乳牙患龋率为32%.口腔卫生良好者患龋率明显低于口腔卫生差者(P<0.05).结论 学龄前儿童乳牙龋病的病因调查,对提高儿童的口腔健康防治有很大的指导意义.%Objective To investigate the caries prevalence of deciduous among pre-school children in Beihai City in order to guide the prevention and cure of the caries of deciduous teeth. Methods Oral examination. disclosing agents were conducted according to the same standard among 900 extra-child in school age. Results The caries prevalence rate of deciduous teeth was32%among the examined children The caries prevalence rate among children who had good oral hygiene was significantly lower than that among children who had bad oral hygiene. Conclusion The investigation of the cause of the disease among pre-school child who have decayed tooth, is very meaningful to enhance child's oral cavity health preventing and controlling.

  4. The Rodeo and Cattle Industry -- Its Rich Spanish-Mexican Heritage. A Bilingual-Bicultural Resource Booklet for Teachers, Pre-School through Grade Six.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archuleta, Lena, Comp.

    This teacher resource book describes the Spanish-Mexican contribution to the cattle industry, rodeo, and cowboy culture. It provides background material, resources, and activities for developing a bilingual-bicultural education course for primary, intermediate, and upper grades. The first three sections discuss the cattle industry, American rodeo,…

  5. The Impact of Structural and Process Elements of Pre-school and Primary School Environments on Children's Cognitive Development at Four Years of Age

    OpenAIRE

    Moore, Nodlaig, (Thesis)

    1999-01-01

    The structural and process elements of the early years classroom have contributed to much research in the area of early childhood education. Structural elements have been referred to as regulatable features that are “assumed to indirectly affect the child” (Burchinal, Roberts, Nabors & Bryant et al 1990). Process elements are directly related to children’s experiences and are “more difficult if not impossible to regulate” (Howes, Phillips & Whitebook 1992, p. 480). The structural elements ...

  6. Stališča vzgojiteljev do zgodnje pismenosti v Sloveniji: Pre-school teachers´ viewpoints on early literacy in Slovenia:

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The article discusses early literacy in Slovenia. It is divided into two parts. The first part defines the terms literacy (from the historical perspective) and early literacy. Further on, the author introduces early literacy as interpreted within the Kindergarten Curriculum, and some guidelines regarding early literacy in kindergartens, recommended by OECD (OECD, 2001, 2002, 2006) and The White Paper on Education in the Republic of Slovenia (2011). The second part comprises a research study r...

  7. View of parents on the teamwork between the pre-school teacher and primary-school teacher in the first grade of primary school.

    OpenAIRE

    Jakša, Ivana

    2015-01-01

    For this diploma thesis, I have researched teamwork in education and its psychological and other dimensions. The style of teaching in the first grade of primary school was substantially changed with the introduction of the nine-year programme and the inclusion of childcare workers in the teaching process. Teamwork became the statutory approach. Individual teaching was replaced with work in tandem, which includes team planning, team teaching and team evaluation. In my research, I was intereste...

  8. The development of artistic creativity of children and the possibility of applying art plays in the free time pedagogy (aimed at pre-school age)

    OpenAIRE

    HOIDEKROVÁ, Hana

    2012-01-01

    The work deals with the creativity of preschool children, using art plays in the education of free time. The theoretical part focuses on creativity, its elements and levels. It describes the creative process and the factors influencing creativity. It looks at why it is important to develop creativity, what are the methods and the development of creativity. Characterizes the development of creativity of children, and what enhances their creative thinking and perception. Furthermore, it defines...

  9. THE SYSTEM OF INTEGRATED LESSONS IN AN OPEN A SPORTS AND EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Михаил Александрович Правдов

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The urgency to develop effective ways to modernize the education system is associated with the transition to the new standards of education (FSES, and the need to respect the principle of continuity and integration of all levels of education. This problem is particularly relevant in relation to the system of training of future teachers. Creating a model of open a sports and educational environment for educational institutions of various types and species on the basis of pedagogical high school can provide conditions for successful implementation of the goals and objectives of physical education for pre-school institutions and schools, so and for the teaching in high school for the training of future teachers of physical culture. In the article considered system of integrated lessons as an additional form of educational process for pre-school children. The system is realized by students of the Faculty of Physical culture in an open a sports and educational environment of pedagogical university. Physical education classes, which are realized through the integration of educational content areas (FSES preschool education  and are conducted on the basis of pedagogical high school can be used in the practice of pre-school institutions.Purpose: justification for a system of integrated classes with children of preschool age in an open a sports and educational environment Pedagogical University.Methodology of work: methodology of pedagogical research.Results: employment system based on the integration of educational preschool education, the integration of the educational activities of the university teachers and educational organizations.Practical implications: The results of this research can be applied in the preparation of future teachers, and the organization of sports and recreation activities for children of preschool age.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-10-46

  10. CARACTERÍSTICAS DEL DESARROLLO COGNITIVO Y DEL LENGUAJE EN NIÑOS DE EDAD PREESCOLAR - CHARACTERISTICS OF LANGUAGE PRE-SCHOOL AGED CHILDREN AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LILIA ANGELICA CAMPO TERNERA

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Study aimed to describe the general characteristics of cognitive development and 229 children aged 3 to 7 of socioeconomic status to attending official educational institutions of Barranquilla in the garden, grades 3 language transition first, developed under a descriptive design and was used as Inventory Development Battelle and the Questionnaire Maturity Child Neuropsychological instruments CUMANIN. The results demonstrate the need for stimulation in areas: receptive and expressive language, perceptual discrimination, reasoning and conceptual skills, memory and pace, low development in these aspects will mean for these children disadvantages compared to their peers that have a development according to their age

  11. OPTIMIZATION OF PROFESSIONAL SELF-AFFIRMATION OF NOVICE TEACHER OF PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. I. Pryakhina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to disclosure theoretical-methodological aspects of the development needs of the professional self-affirmation novice tutors pre-school educational institutions, as a condition for the successful organization of pedagogical activities. The author attempts to highlight the urgency of the need for professional self-affirmation for beginner teachers of pre-school education, given the contradictions between the call of new socio-economic realities prevailing in our country, and the lack of proper teacher training system in the process of training. Also, the problem of professional self-affirmation of the novice teacher of preschool education in accordance with the basic requirements for the qualification of tutors of preschool educational organizations and the personal qualities of the teacher professional standard. Professional assertiveness plays a big role, as statement of person in the profession and society allows you to open a "unique personality", to carry out the processes self-development and self-improvement necessary to move up the ladder value in the professional community. In this case, the individual self-assertion process goes in the direction of changing the point of view, self-awareness, self-concept through relationships with others. In the article the expediency of studying professional affirmation of teachers, which is due to the necessity of conceptual understanding of personal and professional development of teachers of pre-school education and the need to develop the theoretical foundations of personal and professional development of teachers of pre-school education is not only in a rapidly developing practice of training but also the development of the teacher as a professional directly on his workplace. 

  12. 大班幼儿数学入学准备研究%A Study of Math Learning Outcomes of Pre-school Children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽; 王燕; 郑孝玲; 裘指挥

    2014-01-01

    By conducting the survey of 346 preschool age children’s school readiness for math in four areas:number and the operation, quantity,geometric space and relationship,we find that:the development of preschool children in the fields of transitive inference,con-servation concept of number and cognition of increasing mode are relatively late. On the contrary,the development of double sorting based on number and size,classification,adding and subtracting are comparatively early. Also,urban preschool children get higher scores than their rural counterparts in every dimension. Judging by learning outcomes of children,public kindergartens are the best,pri-vate kindergartens are better than those kindergartens attached to primary schools. Therefore,this paper indicates that in the course of popularizing preschool education,we must improve education in relation areas and attach great importance to rural children’s early com-pensatory education.%研究从数与运算、量、几何空间及关系四个领域对江西省346名大班幼儿的数学入学准备的现状进行测查发现:幼儿在传递性推理、数的守恒概念、递增模式的认知等方面的发展相对较晚,在依据数量和大小进行双重排序、分类、加减运算等方面的发展相对较早;城市幼儿在各维度上的均分都显著高于农村幼儿;公办园幼儿学习结果优于民办园幼儿,小学附设幼儿最差。研究对了解公办与民办、城市与农村幼儿数学入学准备现状,分析幼儿数学学习影响因素,提高幼儿数学教育质量,进一步做好幼儿数学的入学准备具有重要的实现意义。

  13. An Epidemiological Study on Sleep Characteristics of Pre-School Chinese Children%中国学龄前儿童睡眠状况的流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江帆; 沈晓明; 颜崇淮; 吴胜虎; 金星明; Dyken ME; Liu-Dyken DC

    2006-01-01

    Objective As sleep promotes normal development, the cultural effect on sleep are especially important in pre-school children. We determined the total sleep times (TSTs) and the prevalence of insomnia and parasomnias in pre-school children from Shanghai, China and compared this to similar research on Western populations. Study Design A sleep questionnaire was given to the parents of 3266 children, from newborn to 5 years of age, randomly selected from five districts of Shanghai, China. Results Chinese mean TSTs were less than that of Western populations. The prevalence of insomnia and parasomnias ( 57. 26% ) was higher than for Europeans ( 29% to 35% ) , but generally lower than in the USA.Conclusion Sleep disorders across cultures were resulted from a variety of behavioral and health problems. Nevertheless,we speculate that reduced TST in Chinese children may be related to factors unique to China, such as co-sleeping with parents and cramped living quarters. There is a utility in using a questionnaire for screening large populations. This study should encourage future collaborative international studies, using similar testing methods, to confirm culturally specific factors that benefit and those which detract from optimal sleep. The early institution of proper sleep habits in pre-school children may have a significant effect on school achievement and the future adult mental health.%目的 睡眠对于儿童的生长发育具有重要的作用,同时睡眠又受到文化背景等因素的影响.此研究目的是了解中国上海0~5岁儿童总的睡眠时间以及睡眠问题的发生率,同时将结果与不同文化背景的西方儿童进行比较.方法 随机抽取上海5个区县3266名出生到5周岁的儿童,对他们的父母进行有关儿童睡眠状况的问卷调查.结果 中国48月以下儿童的平均睡眠时间少于同样年龄的西方儿童.睡眠问题的发生率(57.26%)则高于欧洲的同年龄儿童发生率(29%~35%),而

  14. Cost-effectiveness of interventions for increasing the possession of functioning smoke alarms in households with pre-school children: a modelling study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saramago, Pedro; Cooper, Nicola J; Sutton, Alex J; Hayes, Mike; Dunn, Ken; Manca, Andrea; Kendrick, Denise

    2014-05-16

    The UK has one of the highest rates for deaths from fire and flames in children aged 0-14 years compared to other high income countries. Evidence shows that smoke alarms can reduce the risk of fire-related injury but little exists on their cost-effectiveness. We aimed to compare the cost effectiveness of different interventions for the uptake of 'functioning' smoke alarms and consequently for the prevention of fire-related injuries in children in the UK. We carried out a decision model-based probabilistic cost-effectiveness analysis. We used a hypothetical population of newborns and evaluated the impact of living in a household with or without a functioning smoke alarm during the first 5 years of their life on overall lifetime costs and quality of life from a public health perspective. We compared seven interventions, ranging from usual care to more complex interventions comprising of education, free/low cost equipment giveaway, equipment fitting and/or home safety inspection. Education and free/low cost equipment was the most cost-effective intervention with an estimated incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of £34,200 per QALY gained compared to usual care. This was reduced to approximately £4,500 per QALY gained when 1.8 children under the age of 5 were assumed per household. Assessing cost-effectiveness, as well as effectiveness, is important in a public sector system operating under a fixed budget restraint. As highlighted in this study, the more effective interventions (in this case the more complex interventions) may not necessarily be the ones considered the most cost-effective.

  15. Study on relationship between dental caries and oral hygiene pre-school children in Xi'an%西安市学龄前儿童口腔卫生和龋病关系的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文晔; 李洁; 韩冰

    2010-01-01

    目的 了解西安市学龄前儿童龋病流行情况以及龋病与口腔卫生的关系,以指导今后乳牙龋病防治工作.方法 随机在西安市抽取5所幼儿园,按统一标准对2307名4~6岁学龄前儿童进行龋病检查及口腔卫生评估.结果 被调查者乳牙患龋率为56.4%,龋均(2.35±3.049),口腔卫生良好者患龋率明显低于口腔卫生差者.结论 学龄前儿童仍为龋病高发年龄,口腔卫生和龋齿发病密切相关,需要增强儿童口腔保健意识以达到促进儿童健康成长.%Objective To investigate the prevalence of caries among pre-school children in Xi' an and the relationship between dental caries and oral hygiene in order to provide the guidance of prevention of caries in deciduous teeth.Methods 5 infant schools in Xi' an were selected randomly.Examination of dental caries and oral hygiene were conducted according to the same standard among 2307 pupils from selected school.Results The caries prevalence rate of deciduous teeth was 56.4% with a mean DMFT of (2.35±3.049).The caries prevalence rate among children who had good oral hygiene was significantly lower than those had bed oral hygiene.Conclusions Prevalence rate of dental caries among pre-school children is high.Oral hygiene is a very important influencing factor of it.It is very important to enhance awareness of oral health to improve the health for children.

  16. Demographic and socio-economic factors related to food intake and adherence to nutritional recommendations in a cohort of pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubois, Lise; Farmer, Anna; Girard, Manon; Burnier, Daniel; Porcherie, Marion

    2011-06-01

    To examine: (i) children's food intake and adherence to both Canada's Food Guide for Healthy Eating and Dietary Reference Intakes; and (ii) the social and demographic factors related to children's food intake. A cross-sectional study. Data were obtained through the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development 1998-2010, a representative sample (n 2103) of children born in 1998 in the province of Quebec, Canada. Information on energy, macronutrient and food consumption was derived from responses to a 24 h dietary recall interview addressed to children's mothers and day-care staff when the children were 4 years old. A total of 1549 children aged 4 years who participated in a nutritional sub-study. The mean daily total energy intake was 6360 kJ (1520 kcal) for girls and 6916 kJ (1653 kcal) for boys. For boys and girls alike, energy intake was comprised of approximately 54 % carbohydrates, 31 % fats and 15 % proteins. The mean number of servings consumed from each of the four essential food groups closely approached the dietary recommendations made by Canada's Food Guide for Healthy Eating; however, socio-economic and demographic factors, most notably mother's level of education, mother's immigrant status and sex of the child. Diet-related disparities associated with socio-economic and demographic factors exist from as early as 4 years of age.

  17. Joseph A. Burton Forum Award Talk: How a Physics Education has Influenced Practice and Graduate Education in Technically-Focused Quantitative Policy Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granger Morgan, M.

    2011-04-01

    In a book for the general public published a year before his death, Carl Sagan wrote, "Every time a scientific paper presents a bit of data, it's accompanied by an error bar---a quiet but instant reminder that no knowledge is complete or perfect." For those of us educated in experimental natural science such an observation seems so obvious as to hardly need saying. Yet when, after completing a PhD in experimental radio physics, I began to work on problems in environmental and energy risk and policy analysis in the early 1970s, I was amazed to find that the characterization and treatment of uncertainty was almost completely lacking in the analysis of that day. In the first part of this talk, I will briefly summarize how I, and a number of my physics-educated colleagues, have worked to rectify this situation. Doctoral education in the Department of Engineering and Public Policy (EPP) at Carnegie Mellon University has also been shaped by a number of ideas and problem-solving styles that derive from physics. These have been strengthened considerably through integration with a number of ideas from experimental social science -- a field that too many in physics ignore or even belittle. In the second part of the talk, I will describe the PhD program in EPP, talk a bit about some of its unique features, and describe a few of the problems we address.

  18. A Nordic approach to Early Childhood Education (ECE) and socially endangered children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Bente

    2009-01-01

    system fails to provide equal social and intellectual opportunities to all children, further development in this area is required. Based on an analysis of the Nordic situation, a recent Danish intervention involving some 60 centres and 2.700 pre-school children and some preliminary results are presented......Summary In this paper I examine the Nordic model, i.e. a child-centred and holistic approach, in order to discuss Early Childhood Education (ECE) as a key policy instrument for fighting social inequality. Since 1999 it has been an important goal for the Danish government to ensure equal...... into the situation in the Nordic countries shows growing awareness of how to identify target groups for ECE-intervention as well as an increased focus on pre-school school teachers' education and the need for new assessment and evaluation methods for determining best practice. Since it would appear that the ECE...

  19. Concepts of matter in science education

    CERN Document Server

    Sevian, Hannah

    2013-01-01

    Bringing together a wide collection of ideas, reviews, analyses and new research on particulate and structural concepts of matter, Concepts of Matter in Science Education informs practice from pre-school through graduate school learning and teaching and aims to inspire progress in science education. The expert contributors offer a range of reviews and critical analyses of related literature and in-depth analysis of specific issues, as well as new research. Among the themes covered are learning progressions for teaching a particle model of matter, the mental models of both students and teachers of the particulate nature of matter, educational technology, chemical reactions and chemical phenomena, chemical structure and bonding, quantum chemistry and the history and philosophy of science relating to the particulate nature of matter. The book will benefit a wide audience including classroom practitioners and student teachers at every educational level, teacher educators and researchers in science education.

  20. A construção de uma alternativa curricular para a pré-escola: A experiência do NEI Canto da Lagoa The building of a pre-school curricular alternative: The NEI Canto da Lagoa experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Coll Delgado

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem como objetivo central compreender como ocorre a integração das questões socioculturais na proposta curricular e na prática pedagógica de uma unidade pré-escolar, na qual seus profissionais, em parceria com familiares e moradores de um local, construíram, num período de dez anos, um projeto político-pedagógico denominado "Em Busca de Uma Alternativa Curricular". Os eixos temáticos que direcionaram a investigação são: história e origem do projeto político-pedagógico, interações entre os diferentes atores sociais, currículo real e suas manifestações na prática pedagógica, cultura local e ampla, relações de idade e gênero.This study aims at understanding how the integration of sociocultural issues occurs on the curricular proposal and teaching practice of a pre-school unit where professionals, joined to relatives and neighborhood, constructed within ten years a political-teaching project named "Em Busca de uma Alternativa Curricular" (Searching for a Curriculum Alternative. The topics that conducted the investigation were: political-teaching project history and origin, interactions among different social actors, real curriculum and its demonstrations in the teaching practice, large and local culture, age and type relations.