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Sample records for pranas aleknaviius vidmantas

  1. PRANAS: A New Platform for Retinal Analysis and Simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Cessac

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The retina encodes visual scenes by trains of action potentials that are sent to the brain via the optic nerve. In this paper, we describe a new free access user-end software allowing to better understand this coding. It is called PRANAS (https://pranas.inria.fr, standing for Platform for Retinal ANalysis And Simulation. PRANAS targets neuroscientists and modelers by providing a unique set of retina-related tools. PRANAS integrates a retina simulator allowing large scale simulations while keeping a strong biological plausibility and a toolbox for the analysis of spike train population statistics. The statistical method (entropy maximization under constraints takes into account both spatial and temporal correlations as constraints, allowing to analyze the effects of memory on statistics. PRANAS also integrates a tool computing and representing in 3D (time-space receptive fields. All these tools are accessible through a friendly graphical user interface. The most CPU-costly of them have been implemented to run in parallel.

  2. Pranas Skardžius ir jo kalbotyriniai darbai

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    Albertas Rosinas

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available PRANAS SKARDŽIUS AND HIS WORKS IN LINGUISTICSSummaryMarch 26, 1999 marks the centenary of the birth of Pranas Skardžius, a famous Lithuanian linguist, an expert in Lithuanian and Baltic studies, an excellent teacher and research organizer, one of the most distin­guished normalizers and fosterers of Standard Lithuanian.The present study reviews Skardžius’ life and his road to science, points out his merits to Lithuanian and Baltic linguistics and looks into his activity and works fostering and improving the Standard Lithuanian language.Skardžius was a versatile and prolific linguist. The list of his works comprises more than 800 items. The majority of his works have entered into the academic heritage of Lithuanian linguistics.His first major study “Die slavischen Lehnwörter im Altlitauischen” (1931 surpasses Alexander Bruckner’s work “Die slavischen Fremdwörter im Litauischen” written as far back as 1877 not only in the volume of data used, but also in a critical approach to the analysis of Slavicisms. In terms of its data and propositions, the study has been and remains relevant to the present day as a handbook to all who investigate Slavicisms or foreign borrowings in general.Lithuanian accentuation was Skardžius’ lifetime interest. The largest work in this field is „Daukša’s Accentuation” (1935. Here the author reveals the archaic elements of accentuation in Daukša’s works, under­lines the relevance of Daukša’s stressed texts for further investigation into the history of Lithuanian accentua­tion. Lithuanian historical accentology, as well as practical accentuation, can gain much from Skardžius’ books “The Accentuation of Standard Lithuanian” (1936 and “The Accentuation of the Lithuanian Lan­guage”.The largest and most valuable work written by Skardžius is “The Word Formation of the Lithuanian Language” (1941, 1943 which presents the means of word formation employed by Lithuanian language

  3. PRANA - Geoinformation decision support system for rehabilitation of radioactively contaminated territories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yatsalo, B.I.; Mirzeabassov, O.A.; Okhrimenko, I.V.; Pichugina, I.A.

    2002-01-01

    The Applied Geographic Information System (GIS) PRANA (1998), is a Decision Support System (DSS) for countermeasure analysis in agriculture in the long-term period of mitigation the consequences of a nuclear accident. This system has been introduced at the Chernobyl Department (Ministry of Agriculture) and at the Bryansk Centre of Agrochemical Radiology for practical needs as GIS-system for monitoring network support and analysis of countermeasure scenarios. Developed electronic maps, databases of attributive information, the main tasks of PRANA implementation for assessing contamination of agricultural production, doses to the local population, results and effectiveness of countermeasure implementation along with examples of model assessments are pointed out. The tasks on local and regional analysis of various aspects under consideration within the PRANA and methods of their realisation are considerable different from other works/systems in this field of R and D.This work has been carried out by a group of Russian scientists and EU/Norway collaborators within the ISTC project No. 1224. (author)

  4. Lietuvos keramikos mokyklos pradininkai Pranas ir Vytautas Brazdžiai

    OpenAIRE

    Jankauskas, Vidmantas

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to present the material, never published previously, on the history of a celebrated family of the Lithuanian intelligentsia in the first half of the 20th century. It is mainly based on the material collected by Povilas Brazdžius (1877-1979), a famous public and state activist of the intcrwar period, and kept in the family's archive. The article mainly discusses the life and ocuvrc of the two ceramicists Pranas (1895-1980) and Vytautas (1897-1968), the younger br...

  5. Implementation of GIS-DSS PRANA within sustainable rehabilitation of radioactive contaminated territories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yatsalo, B.

    2003-01-01

    Full text: Analysis of the current situation in contaminated farms and settlements of Bryansk region is based on the monitoring data and model estimates. Model assessments of agricultural produce contamination, doses to the local population, radiological risk and results of countermeasure (CM) implementation have been carried out with the use of PRANA GIS-DSS. Applied Geographic Information System (GIS) PRANA is a Decision Support System (DSS) for implementation within the rehabilitation of radioactive contaminated territories. PRANA has been introduced for practical use in Bryansk as a GIS-DSS system for monitoring networking support and countermeasure analysis. The main blocks of the PRANA DSS are: libraries of electronic maps, including different layers of vector maps of landuse for all contaminated districts of Bryansk region: Novozybkov, Klintsy, Gordeevsky, Krasnogorsky, Zlynkovsky and Klimovsky (more than 30000 polygons of vector electronic maps); databases (radioecological, ecological, economic, demographic and other monitoring data and model parameters, including attributive information of vector electronic maps); model blocks for assessing: contamination of agricultural production, external and internal doses to the local population, radiological risks and corresponding results of CMs implementation; evaluation of CMs effectiveness and decision-making support an protection of the population and rehabilitation of radioactive contaminated territories both on local and regional/district levels (from separate settlement/field up to group of settlements/farms and region as a whole). The following 'risk indices' are considered within decision-making an Risk Based Land Management (RBLM) with the use of PRANA DSS: surface density contamination of territory with radionuclides ( 137 Cs, 90 Sr); contamination of agricultural production (plant growing and animal husbandry, including farm and private production); external and internal doses to the local population

  6. Konkurencinį pranašumą lemiantys veiksniai ir internacionalizacija: sąsajų tyrimas

    OpenAIRE

    Korsakienė, Renata

    2012-01-01

    Globalizacija, technologiniai pokyčiai, intensyvi konkurencija, svyruojanti vartotojų paklausa, ekonominiai ir politiniai pokyčiai, skatina vadovus veikti proaktyviai, prisiimti didesnę riziką ir pasirinkti tinkamas strategijas. Pažymėtina, kad tiek strateginio valdymo teoretikai, tiek praktikai savo darbuose daug dėmesio skyrė įmonės konkurenciniam pranašumui ir jo išlaikymui. Kita vertus, ėmė formuotis nuomonė, kad tokie rezultatai pasiekiami gana retai ir jiems būdingas trumpalaikiškumas. ...

  7. Decision-making support on rehabilitation of radioactive contaminated territories based on the use of site-specific PRANA DSS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yatsalo, B.I.; Mirzeabassov, O.A.; Okhrimenko, I.V.; Pichugina, I.A.

    2000-01-01

    Geographic Information System (GIS) PRANA is a Decision Support System (DSS) for countermeasure analysis in agriculture in the long-term period of liquidating the consequences of a nuclear accident. However, though PRANA(-98) is used at the Chernobyl Department (Ministry of Agriculture) and at the Bryansk Centre of Agrochemical Radiology for practical needs, but its possibilities are limited by the questions of agriculture. Conceptual requirements to GIS-DSSs, which are some considerable extension of the PRANA(-98) and meet all the main demands to DSSs for practical use, research and training on rehabilitation of contaminated territories, were elaborated in contacts with interested parties in Russia: Ministry of Agriculture, Minatom, Emercom, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Science and Administration of Bryansk region. Realisation of the planned requirements and tasks have been achieved not through developing the only universal system, but through creating several GIS-DSSs (family of PRANA systems, each of them is intended for analysis of specific range of problems): - GIS-DSS for practical use (with introduction at appropriate Ministries and Centres); - GIS-DSS for research and for scientific and practical estimations; - GIS-DSS for training of the specialists; - GIS-DSS as well as computer realisation of thematic blocks for use as lectures, seminars and tests/questionnaires for aims of education (students, specialists); - elements of distributed systems and remote access to components of GIS-DSS (for practical use, training and education). The following sections, which have been realised in accordance with the chosen level of the system, represent in the aggregate a basis of each GIS-DSS indicated above: - databases (radioecological, economic, demographic and other monitoring data); - libraries of electronic maps (including different layers of vector maps of land use for territories under consideration); - spatial analysis of various data from databases

  8. Neįgalaus kūno asmens tapatybės kaita XX amžiaus pirmoje pusėje: Prano Daunio Vargo keliais. Atsiminimai iš kovų dėl nepriklausomybės ir aklųjų gyvenimo | Identity change of the disable body during 1st half of the 20th century: On the Roads of Misery. Memories from the Battles for Independence and the Life of the Blind by Pranas Daunys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aistė Birgerytė

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The article introduces the first autobiography of the disabled in the 20th century Lithuanian literature – the memoirs of Pranas Daunys – On the Roads of Misery / Memories from the Battles for Independence and the Life of the Blind. In the context of the disability body studies, the article discusses different levels in the formation of the corporal identity of the blind person. The study emphasizes the importance of cultural space to the identity of the blind, which is related to the Braille. The article explains the integrity dimension of the blind person’s identity, which mergers different experiences of personal life (the experience of eye trauma during the war and the memories of patriotic feelings, which are equally important to the personal identity. The research deals with the corporal and sensual self-perception of the blind, which is closely related to the social and public emancipation, changing the lines of national identity.

  9. Šeimos verslo konkurencinio pranašumo principai

    OpenAIRE

    Kederytė-Rėkienė, Jolita

    2016-01-01

    Majority of small and medium enterprises are established by families. Therefore the conception of family business is often equated with the conception of small and medium enterprises. A few Lithuanian authors have analysed the phenomenality of small and medium businesses. However, in Lithuania there is still a lack of research about the family business itself, hence, this work researches the phenomenonality of the family business and its competitiveness. The aim of this master thesis is to...

  10. Šalies ūkio konkurencinio pranašumo didinimo problemos ir galimybės: darbo produktyvumo atvejis

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    Alma Mačiulytė-Šniukienė

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Straipsnyje atskleista nacionalinio konkurencingumo samprata, nustatyta darbo produktyvumo įtaka „Pasaulio ekonomikos forumo“ skaičiuojamam Pasaulio konkurencingumo indeksui (PKI. Aptarti teoriniai darbo produktyvumo klausimai, nustatyti veiksniai, galintys nulemti darbo produktyvumo pokyčius. Taip pat atlikta Lietuvos darbo produktyvumo pokyčių 2000–2009 m. analizė, nustatytos darbo produktyvumo sumažėjimo 2009 m. priežastys. Ištirta išlaidų moksliniams tyrimams ir technologijų plėtrai (MTTP, darbo užmokesčio, tiesioginių užsienio investicijų, materialaus ir nematerialaus kapitalo įtaka darbo produktyvumui. Prieita prie išvados, kad vienas iš būdų kelti Lietuvos darbo produktyvumą, o drauge ir konkurencingumą – didinti investicijas į MTTP verslo sektorių.Straipsnis lietuvių kalba

  11. Decision making support of the management of technogenically contaminated territories basing on risk analysis with use of geographic information technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yatsalo, B.I.; Demin, V.F.

    2002-01-01

    Overall questions of decision making support of the contaminated territories management on a basis of risk assessment were considered. Characteristics and possibilities of the applied geoinformation system of decision making support PRANA developed for the risk control and rehabilitation of contaminated territories are demonstrated. The PRANA system involves estimations of all fundamental characteristics of risk during analysis of results and contaminated territories management [ru

  12. Classifying hot water chemistry: Application of MULTIVARIATE STATISTICS

    OpenAIRE

    Sumintadireja, Prihadi; Irawan, Dasapta Erwin; Rezky, Yuanno; Gio, Prana Ugiana; Agustin, Anggita

    2016-01-01

    This file is the dataset for the following paper "Classifying hot water chemistry: Application of MULTIVARIATE STATISTICS". Authors: Prihadi Sumintadireja1, Dasapta Erwin Irawan1, Yuano Rezky2, Prana Ugiana Gio3, Anggita Agustin1

  13. Assessments of risk indices and decision-making support within risk based land management and sustainable rehabilitation of radioactive contaminated territories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yatsalo, B.; Didenko, V.; Golikov, V.

    2002-01-01

    Description of the applied Geoinformation Decision-Support System PRANA for risk based land management and rehabilitation of territories of Bryansk region (Russia), subjected to radioactive contamination as a result of the Chernobyl accident, is presented. The main blocks of PRANA DSS, including electronic maps, databases and models are described. Implementation of vector land use map with corresponding integration of different models allows integrating both local and regional level of analysis and practical implementation (from each field and settlement up to farm and district and regional levels). Some examples of model assessments (map of countermeasures and doses) are presented

  14. Consciousness, Free Will, and Transformation. Science and Ancient Samkhya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pratibha Gramann

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The existence of free will has been discovered by neurological studies. However there is a lack of research in what initiates the firing of free will within the nerve endings. This paper addresses that issue using ancient knowledge about consciousness, three energies that characterize matter, prana, and transformation. The premise made is that regular pranayam breath practices are a key-method to initiate the firing of nerve synapse in the brain to develop free will and transformation

  15. Lietuvos Yamaha muzikos mokyklų valdymo ypatumai: franšizės metodas

    OpenAIRE

    Užkuraitienė, Fausta

    2007-01-01

    Franšizė yra viena iš tarptautinio verslo internacionalizavimo galimybių. Teoretikai ir praktikai pabrėžia šios verslo formos pranašumus prieš alternatyvas eksportą, investicijas ar bendrų kompanijų kūrimą. Tačiau Lietuvos mokslininkų darbuose randame tik fragmentinius šios kontraktinės tarptautinio verslo plėtros formos analizės elementus. Menkai analizuojami valdymo, kontrolės, kultūrinės adaptacijos klausimai. Tyrimo tikslas - įvertinti Lietuvos Yamaha muzikos mokyklų valdymo ypatumus, vei...

  16. Value creation for consumers through marketing communications

    OpenAIRE

    Tatulytė, Vesta

    2014-01-01

    Norėdama užsitikrinti vietą rinkoje įmonė turi įgyti konkurencinį pranašumą kitų įmonių atžvilgiu. Įmonės konkurencini pranašumą lemia jos išskirtininkai gebėjimai, kurie siejami su įmonės personalo išskirtinėmis kompetencijomis ir išskirtiniais ištekliais. Šie ištekliai yra vertingi kai jų neturi kitos įmonės. Išteklių išskirtinumas turi būti ilgalaikis, nes per trumpą laiką įmonė gali nespėti juo pasinaudoti. Norėdama išlaikyti išteklių išskirtinumą, įmonė turi nuolat investuoti į išteklių ...

  17. Industrinio paveldo konversijos į kultūrinės paskirties objektus vizualiosios formos

    OpenAIRE

    Tautavičiūtė, Eglė

    2013-01-01

    Darbe apibrėžiamos industrinių erdvių paveldo konversijos ir pritaikymo idėjos, būdai ir formos vizualiniu aspektu; analizuojami Klaipėdos pramoninės architektūros paveldo objektai, jų architektūrinė specifika, išsidėstymas urbanistinėje miesto struktūroje. Pramoninės funkcijos išsaugojimo ir realizuotų konversijų atvejų studijos rodo dabartinę Klaipėdos pramoninės architektūros objektų situaciją, industrinio paveldo pritaikymo naujoms kultūrinėms veikloms vykti pranašumus ir trūkumus. Analiz...

  18. Can offshoring be considered as abuse of law?

    OpenAIRE

    Narbutas, Saulius

    2017-01-01

    Šiame darbe iškelta hipotezė, kad verslo perkėlimas į lengvatinio apmokestinimo zonas nėra mokesčių vengimas. Verslo perkėlimas į palankesnes sąlygas priskiriamas mokesčių planavimui, labai svarbu atriboti planavimą nuo piktnaudžiavimo ir mokestinio vengimo. Mokestinis planavimas yra priskiriamas legaliai veikai, maža to, perkėlus verslą į tokias zonas jis įgyja pranašumą. Esant laisvam prekių, paslaugų, verslo judėjimui Lietuvos teisinė bazė nedraudžia naudotis šia galimybe. Bendroji rinka s...

  19. Effect of yoga practices on pulmonary function tests including transfer factor of lung for carbon monoxide (TLCO) in asthma patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Savita; Soni, Ritu; Singh, K P; Tandon, O P

    2012-01-01

    Prana is the energy, when the self-energizing force embraces the body with extension and expansion and control, it is pranayama. It may affect the milieu at the bronchioles and the alveoli particularly at the alveolo-capillary membrane to facilitate diffusion and transport of gases. It may also increase oxygenation at tissue level. Aim of our study is to compare pulmonary functions and diffusion capacity in patients of bronchial asthma before and after yogic intervention of 2 months. Sixty stable asthmatic-patients were randomized into two groups i.e group 1 (Yoga training group) and group 2 (control group). Each group included thirty patients. Lung functions were recorded on all patients at baseline, and then after two months. Group 1 subjects showed a statistically significant improvement (Pincreased significantly. It was concluded that pranayama & yoga breathing and stretching postures are used to increase respiratory stamina, relax the chest muscles, expand the lungs, raise energy levels, and calm the body.

  20. Metal chaperones: a holistic approach to the treatment of AD

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    Paul Anthony Adlard

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available As the burden of proof for the role of metal ion dysregulation in the pathogenesis of multiple CNS disorders grows, it has become important to more precisely identify and differentiate the biological effects of various pharmacological modulators of metal ion homeostasis. This is particularly evident in disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, where the use of metal chaperones (that transport metals, as opposed to chelators (which exclude metals from biological interactions, may prove to be the first truly disease modifying approach for this condition. The purpose of this mini-review is to highlight the emerging notion that metal chaperones, such as PBT2 (Prana Biotechnology, modulate a variety of critical pathways affecting key aspects of the AD cascade to provide a more holistic approach to the treatment of this disease.

  1. Požeminių 3D duomenų modelio komunikacijų vizualizacija

    OpenAIRE

    Makovskaja, Tatjana

    2008-01-01

    Baigiamajame magistro darbe nagrinėjama požeminių komunikacijų vizualizacija trimačiame modelyje. Šiame magistriniame darbe išnagrinėta 3D duomenų svarba ir pranašumas prieš 2D vizualizavimą. Buvo atliktas požeminių komunikacijų projektavimo tyrimas trima��io vaizdavimo programine įranga, ištirtas šių technologijų naudojimas užsienyje bei naudojimo perspektyvos Lietuvoje. Darbą sudaro 10 dalių: įvadas, informacijos vizualizavimo aplinkos, 3D duomenų modelio esmė, 3D programinės įrangos galimy...

  2. Boundless energy. 2. rev. ed.; Grenzenlose Energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haege, Walter

    2007-07-01

    For thousands of years, all cultures of man have described and researched life energy, whether they called it Qi, Chi, Prana, Od or Orgon. Since Rupert Sheldrake published his theory of morphogenetic fields, the subject has been accessible to the population in general and is contributing to the decline of the current paradigm of science. Knowledge that seamed indisputable since the time of Newton and Descartes is waning, and science must restructure itself on quite a different basis. Einstein, too, is becoming history. The book spans the discoveries of Lord Kelvin to Nikola Tesla to Prof. Dr.-Ing. K. Meyl whose potential eddy theory leads to a new understanding of the world. The key to this is the neutrino, and the fundamentals of neutrino physics are quite simple: At every moment, more than 60 thousand millions of neutrinos flow through us, controlling everything that exists. In his book, author Walter Haege shows how we can all utilise this indispensable neutrino power. It is a book for everyday practice, an indispensable reference manual for all those who intend a radical change in their view of the world and their way of living. (orig.) [German] Seit Jahrtausenden wird in allen Kulturen jene Energie beschrieben und erforscht, die uns steuert und unsere Zeit am Leben erhaelt, jene Energie mit den vielen Namen, von denen uns die bekanntesten, Qi, Chi, Prana, Od oder Orgon vielleicht gelaeufig sind. Seit Rupert Sheldrake und seiner wieder aufgegriffenen Theorie vom morphogenetischen Feld ist dieses Thema grossen Bevoelkerungskreisen neu zugaenglich geworden und traegt dazu bei, dass das jetzige Paradigma der Wissenschaften seinem Ende zugeht. Unser gesichertes Wissen, seit Newton und Descartes scheinbar unumstoesslich, geht dahin und die Wissenschaft muss sich auf gaenzlich anderer Grundlage neu formieren. Auch Einstein wird Geschichte. Die Wirbelphysik Lord Kelvins fuehrt uns ueber die sensationellen Entdeckungen Nikola Teslas zu dem Physiker Prof. Dr.-Ing. K

  3. A comparative experimental evaluation of uncertainty estimation methods for two-component PIV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boomsma, Aaron; Bhattacharya, Sayantan; Troolin, Dan; Pothos, Stamatios; Vlachos, Pavlos

    2016-09-01

    Uncertainty quantification in planar particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurement is critical for proper assessment of the quality and significance of reported results. New uncertainty estimation methods have been recently introduced generating interest about their applicability and utility. The present study compares and contrasts current methods, across two separate experiments and three software packages in order to provide a diversified assessment of the methods. We evaluated the performance of four uncertainty estimation methods, primary peak ratio (PPR), mutual information (MI), image matching (IM) and correlation statistics (CS). The PPR method was implemented and tested in two processing codes, using in-house open source PIV processing software (PRANA, Purdue University) and Insight4G (TSI, Inc.). The MI method was evaluated in PRANA, as was the IM method. The CS method was evaluated using DaVis (LaVision, GmbH). Utilizing two PIV systems for high and low-resolution measurements and a laser doppler velocimetry (LDV) system, data were acquired in a total of three cases: a jet flow and a cylinder in cross flow at two Reynolds numbers. LDV measurements were used to establish a point validation against which the high-resolution PIV measurements were validated. Subsequently, the high-resolution PIV measurements were used as a reference against which the low-resolution PIV data were assessed for error and uncertainty. We compared error and uncertainty distributions, spatially varying RMS error and RMS uncertainty, and standard uncertainty coverages. We observed that qualitatively, each method responded to spatially varying error (i.e. higher error regions resulted in higher uncertainty predictions in that region). However, the PPR and MI methods demonstrated reduced uncertainty dynamic range response. In contrast, the IM and CS methods showed better response, but under-predicted the uncertainty ranges. The standard coverages (68% confidence interval) ranged from

  4. CINEMA COMO ARTE OU ENTRETENIMENTO: UMA VISÃO DE SEUS REALIZADORES E A ESTRUTURA ORGANIZACIONAL DE SUAS PRODUTORAS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giordano Schmitz Toldo

    Full Text Available RESUMO Esse trabalho abrange uma visão crítica sobre cinema como peça artística ou mercadológica estabelecendo uma relação com as características estruturais das produtoras. A pesquisa objetiva entender as formas como as empresas de cinema do Rio Grande do Sul se estruturam procurando uma correspondência com o tipo de cinema produzido. Para caracterizar as estruturas organizacionais foram utilizadas as definições de Richard Hall e Henry Mintzberg, sobre tipos de estruturas. O arcabouço teórico para compreender a visão dos realizadores sobre cinema foi construído com base em autores como Ricciotto Canudo, Jaques Aumont, Jean-Claude Bernadet, entre outros. As empresas estudadas foram: Avante Filmes, Gus Gus Cinema, Millimetros, Otto Desenhos, Tokyo Filmes, Panda Filmes, Prana Filmes, TGD. A partir de entrevistas realizadas com as produtoras, dois conceitos de Mintzberg (1994 foram determinantes para as definições de estrutura: a Adhocracia e a Burocracia Profissional. Como resultado, percebeu-se que as empresas Avante Filmes, Gus Gus Cinema, Millimetros, Tokyo Filmes e Prana Filmes se encaixaram na categoria adhocrática e foram elas que apresentaram uma inclinação para o cinema de arte, reflexivo e de maior preocupação estética. Na Burocracia Profissional, há as produtoras Otto Desenhos, Panda Filmes e TGD, cujas produções cinematográficas se relacionam com questões primordialmente mercadológicas. O reconhecimento das diferenças estruturais e ideológicas permite que se avance nas políticas de desenvolvimento do cinema no estado e no país. Desenvolvimento ainda enraizado em políticas públicas de incentivo, fomento e apoio que procura ser democrático na distribuição de seus prêmios. Novas medidas governamentais de apoio ao audiovisual já correlacionam a distribuição do incentivo conforme a visão sobre cinema dos realizadores. Questões estruturais também servem de critérios para a criação dos incentivos

  5. A comparative experimental evaluation of uncertainty estimation methods for two-component PIV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boomsma, Aaron; Troolin, Dan; Pothos, Stamatios; Bhattacharya, Sayantan; Vlachos, Pavlos

    2016-01-01

    Uncertainty quantification in planar particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurement is critical for proper assessment of the quality and significance of reported results. New uncertainty estimation methods have been recently introduced generating interest about their applicability and utility. The present study compares and contrasts current methods, across two separate experiments and three software packages in order to provide a diversified assessment of the methods. We evaluated the performance of four uncertainty estimation methods, primary peak ratio (PPR), mutual information (MI), image matching (IM) and correlation statistics (CS). The PPR method was implemented and tested in two processing codes, using in-house open source PIV processing software (PRANA, Purdue University) and Insight4G (TSI, Inc.). The MI method was evaluated in PRANA, as was the IM method. The CS method was evaluated using DaVis (LaVision, GmbH). Utilizing two PIV systems for high and low-resolution measurements and a laser doppler velocimetry (LDV) system, data were acquired in a total of three cases: a jet flow and a cylinder in cross flow at two Reynolds numbers. LDV measurements were used to establish a point validation against which the high-resolution PIV measurements were validated. Subsequently, the high-resolution PIV measurements were used as a reference against which the low-resolution PIV data were assessed for error and uncertainty. We compared error and uncertainty distributions, spatially varying RMS error and RMS uncertainty, and standard uncertainty coverages. We observed that qualitatively, each method responded to spatially varying error (i.e. higher error regions resulted in higher uncertainty predictions in that region). However, the PPR and MI methods demonstrated reduced uncertainty dynamic range response. In contrast, the IM and CS methods showed better response, but under-predicted the uncertainty ranges. The standard coverages (68% confidence interval) ranged from

  6. On analysis of operating efficiency of autonomous ventilation systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kostuganov Arman

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the causes and consequences of malfunctioning of natural and mechanical ventilation systems in civil buildings of Russia. Furthermore it gives their classification and analysis based on the literature review. On the basis of the analysis technical solutions for improving the efficiency of ventilation systems in civil buildings are summarized and the field of their application is specified. Among the offered technical solutions the use of autonomous ventilation systems with heat recovery is highlighted as one of the most promising and understudied. Besides it has a wide range of applications. The paper reviews and analyzes the main Russian and foreign designs of ventilation systems with heat recovery that are mostly used in practice. Three types of such systems: UVRK-50, Prana-150, ТеFо are chosen for consideration. The sequence of field tests of selected autonomous ventilation systems have been carried out in order to determine the actual air exchange and efficiency of heat recovery. The paper presents the processed results of the research on the basis of which advantages and disadvantages of the tested ventilation systems are identified and recommendations for engineering and manufacturing of new design models of autonomous ventilation systems with heat recovery are formulated.

  7. [Weizsäcker and Indian philosophy - a new beginning in negotiating the dualism of mind and matter?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Brück, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's thought is centred around the idea of the unity of reality. He tries to express this idea in his interpretation of quantum physics as well as on the background of neoplatonic thinking. Even his interest in Indian philosophies is based on this concept that would overcome the dualism of mind and matter as well as the dualism of subject and object. On this basis he also tries to reflect on his own inexpressible "mystical" experience in Tiruvannamalai, India, interpreting it with the help of the experience he has been told about by the Indian thinker Gopi Krishna. This is the concept of prana (vital energy) that he uses to find a common terminological ground for physical and mental events. According to Indian Advaita Vedanta, the non-dualistic interpretation of the Vedantic scriptures, reality is based on a non-dual oneness that is self-reflective, transparent and neither immanent nor transcendent but beyond any category. It is pure bliss in its self-expression. Human "mental" experience is a reflective mode of this one reality, subject and object coincide. The result is a holistic psycho-somatology. In view of these ideas Weizsäcker reformulates the notion of "matter". It is less an interaction of particles with specific mass than a non-dual net of interrelations and information, and this would correlate with a concept of mind (consciousness) that could be conceptualized as the energy of self-reflectivity in that very process.

  8. Site-specific optimisation of the countermeasure structure on rehabilitation of radioactive contaminated territories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yatsalo, B.I.; Okhrimenko, D.V.; Lisyanski, B.G.; Okhrimenko, I.V.; Mirzeabassov, O.A.

    2000-01-01

    The use of 'soft' countermeasures (CMs) (agricultural CMs, some administrative ones, except for relocation/resettlement and some 'strong' measures on restriction of living conditions) allows considering the radiological and economic parameters for assessing their effectiveness. In this case cost-benefit analysis (CBA) or some its modification are used. However, the determination of various radiological and economic parameters (and their combination) is not enough for making final decisions on countermeasure implementation. All radiological, ecological and economic characteristics and other expert knowledge, corresponding standards and regulations should be taken into account, and many of them may not be used very often in analytical methods directly. The approaches to evaluating strong' CMs are based, as a rule, on expert judgements (MAUA, M-Crit). However, in practice they can lead to any result given in advance or to a choice of an weighted solution which does not comply with opinions by most experts due to considerable range of expert opinions and subjective weights for chosen attributes/criteria. Implementation of CMs on rehabilitation of contaminated territories should be based on the radiation protection principles. However, these principles are declared only when realising CMs on rehabilitation of contaminated territories after the Chernobyl accident. In practice some national or departmental standards are used and principles of justification'/'optimisation' are not examined. Taking into consideration a complex character of tasks on CM analysis and comparison of various alternatives it is quite necessary to use up-to-date computer decision support systems (DSSs). One of the systems which is directly intended for site-specific rehabilitation of territories subjected to radioactive contamination after the Chernobyl accident is the PRANA DSS. A key block of PRANA is 'analysis and optimisation of CMs structure'. It is intended for : -determination of territories

  9. Site-specific optimisation of the countermeasure structure on rehabilitation of radioactive contaminated territories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yatsalo, B.I.; Okhrimenko, D.V.; Lisyanski, B.G.; Okhrimenko, I.V.; Mirzeabassov, O.A. [Obninsk Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering, Obninsk, Kaluga (Russian Federation)

    2000-05-01

    The use of 'soft' countermeasures (CMs) (agricultural CMs, some administrative ones, except for relocation/resettlement and some 'strong' measures on restriction of living conditions) allows considering the radiological and economic parameters for assessing their effectiveness. In this case cost-benefit analysis (CBA) or some its modification are used. However, the determination of various radiological and economic parameters (and their combination) is not enough for making final decisions on countermeasure implementation. All radiological, ecological and economic characteristics and other expert knowledge, corresponding standards and regulations should be taken into account, and many of them may not be used very often in analytical methods directly. The approaches to evaluating strong' CMs are based, as a rule, on expert judgements (MAUA, M-Crit). However, in practice they can lead to any result given in advance or to a choice of an weighted solution which does not comply with opinions by most experts due to considerable range of expert opinions and subjective weights for chosen attributes/criteria. Implementation of CMs on rehabilitation of contaminated territories should be based on the radiation protection principles. However, these principles are declared only when realising CMs on rehabilitation of contaminated territories after the Chernobyl accident. In practice some national or departmental standards are used and principles of justification'/'optimisation' are not examined. Taking into consideration a complex character of tasks on CM analysis and comparison of various alternatives it is quite necessary to use up-to-date computer decision support systems (DSSs). One of the systems which is directly intended for site-specific rehabilitation of territories subjected to radioactive contamination after the Chernobyl accident is the PRANA DSS. A key block of PRANA is 'analysis and optimisation of CMs structure

  10. Pranic meditation affects phagocyte functions and hormonal levels of recent practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, César A; Nóbrega, Yanna K M; Tosta, C Eduardo

    2012-08-01

    Despite the recognized importance of phagocytes in the maintenance and recovery of health, the influence of meditation on their functions is not properly established. This investigation aimed at evaluating the influence of pranic meditation on the functions of phagocytes, and on the levels of hormones that influence them. A pre-post design was adopted. The investigation was carried out at a university research laboratory. Twenty-nine (29) healthy individuals of both sexes, 24-67 years old (median 45), with no previous experience in meditation, received 3-hour-duration weekly training on pranic meditation during 10 weeks and agreed to engage in daily home practice for 20 minutes. Pranic meditation is a novel method of meditation, based on the Vedic tradition, which uses techniques of breathing and visualization for quieting the mind, and for capturing and intentionally directing prana ("vital energy") wherever necessary. For assessing phagocytosis, the production of hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide by monocytes, and the concentrations of corticotrophin and cortisol, blood was collected at the beginning (week 1), at the middle (week 5), and by the end (week 10) of the practice period. At the same intervals, melatonin concentrations were evaluated in the saliva. Those who meditated for more than 980 minutes showed increased phagocytosis, their monocytes produced higher concentrations of hydrogen peroxide, and their plasma levels of corticotrophin were reduced. The production of nitric oxide by monocytes, and the levels of cortisol and melatonin were not modified by meditation. This is the first study to show that a short program of pranic meditation practice was able to upregulate the function and metabolism of phagocytes, in parallel with the reduction of the plasma levels of corticotrophin. The results of this study point to a possible causal effect between these events, and indicate that pranic meditation could be useful for stimulating the function and

  11. FACTORES DE LA DESERCIÓN ESCOLAR EN BRASIL. El papel de la paternidad temprana, la mano de obra infantil y la pobreza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Rute Cardoso

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene el objetivo de identificar los principales factores que conducen a la deserción escolar en un entorno urbano, en concreto las favelas de Fortaleza, al noreste de Brasil. Utilizamos una extensa encuesta centrada en los factores de riesgo a los que se enfrenta la población de estos barrios y dirigida a jóvenes de ambos sexos, tanto escolarizados como no escolarizados. El papel de la paternidad tem-prana, el trabajo infantil y la pobreza como impulsores de la deserción escolar de los adolescentes es objeto de una particular atención. La endogeneidad potencial de algunos de los factores determinantes se trata en el análisis empírico. Aprove-chamos el rico conjunto de variables disponible y aplicamos un método basado en variables instrumentales. Para la paternidad temprana se usa como instrumento la edad declarada por los jóvenes como la edad ideal para empezar a tener relaciones sexuales; para el trabajo se usa como instrumento el salario de reserva declarado (el salario mínimo considerado aceptable para trabajar. Los resultados indican que la paternidad temprana tiene un efecto grande en términos de la no escolarización de los adolescentes. La pobreza extrema es otro factor que disminuye la asistencia a la escuela, ya que los niños que en algún momento de su vida padecen hambre tienen menores probabilidades de asistir al colegio. En este contexto urbano en particular el trabajo no tiene forzosamente un efecto perjudicial en la asistencia al colegio, lo que podría asociarse al hecho de que el abandono escolar lleva con ma-yor frecuencia a la inactividad y no al trabajo, dada la escasez de oportunidades de empleo; además, las restricciones de liquidez podrían atenuarse para aquellos cuyos ingresos laborales permiten sufragar los gastos escolares.

  12. Organ damage mitigation with the Baskent Sickle Cell Medical Care Development Program (BASCARE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozdogu, Hakan; Boga, Can; Asma, Suheyl; Kozanoglu, Ilknur; Gereklioglu, Cigdem; Yeral, Mahmut; Buyukkurt, Nurhilal Turgut; Solmaz, Soner; Korur, Aslı; Aytan, Pelin; Maytalman, Erkan; Kasar, Mutlu

    2018-01-01

    Abstract The Eastern Mediterranean is among the regions where sickle cell disease (SCD) is common. The morbidity and mortality of this disease can be postponed to adulthood through therapies implemented in childhood. The present study focuses on the organ damage-reducing effects of the Baskent Sickle Cell Medical Care Development Program (BASCARE), which was developed by a team who lives in this region and has approximately 25 years of experience. The deliverables of the program included the development of an electronic health recording system (PRANA) and electronic vaccination system; the use of low citrate infusion in routine prophylactic automatic erythrocyte exchange (ARCE) programs including pregnant women; the use of leukocyte-filtered and irradiated blood for transfusion; the use of magnetic resonance imaging methods (T2∗) for the management of transfusion-related hemosiderosis; and the implementation of an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation protocol for adult patients. The sample was composed of 376 study subjects and 249 control subjects. The hospital's Data Management System and the central population operating system were used for data collection. BASCARE enabled better analysis and interpretation of complication and mortality data. Vaccination rates against influenza and pneumococcal disease improved (21.5% vs 50.8% and 21.5% vs 49.2%, respectively). Effective and safe ARCE with low citrate infusion were maintained in 352 subjects (1003 procedures). Maternal and fetal mortality was prevented in 35 consecutive pregnant patients with ARCE. Chelating therapy rates reduced from 6.7% to 5%. Successful outcomes could be obtained in all 13 adult patients who underwent allogeneic peripheral stem cell transplantation from a fully matched, related donor. No patients died by day 100 or after the first year. Cure could be achieved without graft loss, grades III to IV acute graft versus host disease, extensive chronic graft versus host disease, or

  13. The Level of Customer Participation in Co-Production of Planning the Furniture Services Klientų įsitraukimo bendrai kuriant baldų projektavimo paslaugas laipsnis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rigita Tijūnaitienė

    2011-02-01

    established that co-production of furniture design service is effective when the level of participation in co-production of furniture design service is average and average high, because high-desired customer’s level of activity has not been noticed. Results of empirical investigation confirmed that in investigated (furniture design service, high level of participation results in creation of co-productive and effective service, and received result absolutely corresponds to customer’s needs and wishes. After summarizing the results of an investigation, it was noticed that it is possible to expect higher customer’s level of participation if customer’s participation is properly managed.

    Keywords: co-production of service, customer participation, creator of service, the level of customer participation.

    Šiuo metu dauguma gamybinių įmonių, siekdamos efektyvios veiklos, stengiasi gaminti produktus, atitinkančius individualius vartotojų poreikius. Pasikeitusi gamybinių įmonių aplinka lemia tai, jog jų veikloje aktualizuojasi paslaugų paradigma, orientaciją į prekę keičia orientacija į vartotoją. Siekiant prisitaikyti prie dinamiškos verslo aplinkos ir nuolat kintančių joje verslo sąlygų, būtina taikyti tokias veiklos vykdymo (valdymo priemones, kad įmonių konkurencingumas

    būtų ne tik palaikomas, bet ir būtų sudaromos sąlygos įgyti konkurenciniam pranašumui. Straipsnyje keliama

  14. Įvairialyčiai lantano ir mangano oksido ir multiferoinio bismuto ferito heterodariniai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonifacas VENGALIS

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Pastaruoju metu naujų elektronikos prietaisų gamyboje buvo pasiekta didelė pažanga auginant, tyrinėjant ir pritaikant plonasluoksnes struktūras, sudarytas iš įvairių daugiakomponenčių funkcinių oksidų. Šiai oksidų grupei priklauso superlaidieji kupratai, mangano oksidai (manganitai, pasižymintys magnetovaržos reiškiniu, taip pat kiti feromagnetiniai, feroelektriniai, multiferoiniai oksidai. Manganitams (jų bendra formulė Ln1-xAxMnO3, kur Ln = La, Nd,..., o A - dvivalentis katijonas, toks kaip Ba, Sr ar Ca skiriama daug dėmesio dėl jų įdomių elektrinių savybių bei tinkamumo įvairiems spintronikos prietaisams kurti. Multiferoikai  (feroelektriniai feromagnetai pasižymi magnetoelektriniu efektu, duodančiu unikalią galimybę elektrinėms ir magnetinėms medžiagos savybėms valdyti panaudoti elektrinius ir magnetinius laukus. Bismuto feritas BiFeO3 (BFO, turintis romboedriškai deformuotą perovskito struktūrą, šiuo metu yra vienas labiausiai tyrinėjamų šios klasės junginių. Organiniai puslaidininkiai (OP taip pat atveria daug naujų galimybių elektronikai. Jų pranašumas yra didelė organinių junginių įvairovė ir palyginti paprasta ir pigi plonų sluoksnių gamybos technologija. Be to, OP pasižymi neįprastai didelėmis sukinių relaksacijos laiko vertėmis, todėl ateityje jie gali būti naudojami naujiems spintronikos prietaisams gaminti. Šiame straipsnyje apžvelgiami pastarųjų metų darbo autorių ir jų kolegų atlikti anksčiau minėtų medžiagų tyrimai. Daugiausia dėmesio skiriama magnetovaržinėmis savybėmis pasižyminčių lantano ir mangano oksidų (manganitų bei multiferoinio  BiFeO3 (BFO junginio plonųjų sluoksnių ir heterodarinių auginimui, tarpfazinių ribų tarp minėtų oksidų, laidžiojo SrTiO3 ir organinio puslaidininkio (Alq3 sudarymui, taip pat elektrinėms heterodarinių savybėms. Plonieji La2/3A1/3MnO3 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba, Ce sluoksniai, kurių storis d