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Sample records for politica agricola regionale

  1. La politica regionale della Comunità Europea nell'attuale situazione economica. (Community regional policy in changing economic conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.S. WABE

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Grave preoccupazione per le disparità economiche tra le regioni degli Stati europei precede le formulazioni della politica regionale della Comunità europea , e anche la fondazione della Comunità stessa . Il presente documento esamina l'evoluzione dei problemi regionali europei nella crescente comunità e all'interno di una evoluzione dell'economia mondiale. Gli autori esaminano la tipologia delle regioni che è emerso da molti anni di discussione , e suggeriscono alcuni importanti adattamenti nei concetti, nelle politiche e le priorità della politica regionale europea di oggi. Essi concludono che la politica regionale comunitaria, nella sua forma stabilita non è in grado di gestire diffusa de- industrializzazione , e dovrebbero invece funzionare come strumento di solidarietà , concentrandosi sulle regioni più bisognoseSerious concern about the economic disparities between the regions of European States predates the formulations of European Community regional policy, and even the foundation of the Community itself. The present paper reviews the evolution of European regional problems in the growing Community and within a changing world economy. The authors examine the typology of regions which has emerged from many years of discussion, and suggest some major adaptations in the concepts, policies and priorities of European regional policy today. They conclude that Community Regional Policy in its established form is incapable of managing widespread de-industrialization, and should rather function as an instrument of solidarity, focusing on the regions of greatest need.JEL: F15, O14

  2. 4. Erasmus, Agricola and Mineralogy

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    Francesco G. Sacco

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a contribution to the assessment of the role and relevance of studia humanitatis in the emergence of Renaissance mineralogy, which will further consolidate our understanding of early modern science. It focuses on the relationship between Erasmus and the German physician Georg Agricola, while highlighting the humanist background of Agricola’s mineralogy. Influenced by the lessons of Erasmus, Agricola drew a humanistic programme for the study of minerals. He criticized vernacular metallurgical writings and their alchemical roots. For Agricola, the study of minerals was not independent from the resurgent ancient natural history. Following humanist topics such as the distinction between imitatio and aemulatio, and the link between res and verba, this paper reconstructs the relationship between Erasmus’ Christian humanism and Agricola’s humanist mineralogy.

  3. DISPARIDADES REGIONALES EN GRECIA

    OpenAIRE

    Christos GENITSAROPOULOS; Georgia HRONOPOULOU; Georgia STAVRAKAKI

    2014-01-01

    El alcance de las disparidades regionales en Grecia y en la Unión Europea (UE) destaca la necesidad de perfilar objetivamente los varios niveles de desarrollo regional. Precisamente, en Grecia, las disparidades regionales resultan en desigualdades en el bienestar económico y social de sus habitantes. Por eso, la política regional utiliza herramientas de política de asentamiento empresarial que, a su vez, cambian los niveles de empleo y de renta. Perfilar las disparidades y evaluar la política...

  4. Eindverslag regionale versketen 2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Soethoudt, J.M.; Liesveld, R.; Amstel, van M.; Duineveld, M.

    2011-01-01

    Regionale Versketen 2 is een vervolgproject op het gelijkname project fase 1 dat in 2008 is afgerond. Beide trajecten zijn ondersteund door TransForum. Nadat in fase 1 de organisatie MijnBoer is ontstaan, is in fase 2 de ontwikkeling en verdere groei ervan ondersteund. Dit document rapporteert

  5. Georgius Agricola: 1494 1555 - mining engineer and physician

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    st for. ARTICLES. HISTORY. OF. MEDICINE. Georgius Agricola: 1494. 1555 - mining engineer and physician. His contribution to occupational medicine and the aetiology of bronchus carcinoma. S A Craven. Georgius Agricola is well known in mining circles because of his textbook of mining, De Re MetaJlica, which was.

  6. Geografia Politica. Una breve storia filosofica

    OpenAIRE

    Turco, Angelo

    2015-01-01

    L’antichità classica elabora la Geografia Politica come studio dei modi attraverso i quali si forma e si esercita il senso politico del territorio. Un sapere concettualmente profondo, impegnato a descrivere il nesso tra politicità e territorialità, capace di interpretare formazioni spaziali e processi territoriali di grande complessità. Il Medioevo riprende le tradizioni classiche, dando loro impulsi nuovi secondo gli orientamenti e le preoccupazioni del tempo. La Geografia Politica medievale...

  7. Gregorius Agricola memorial lecture: Lung cancer-A work-related disease for 500 years, as predicted by Agricola.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langård, Sverre

    2015-01-01

    In the early 16th century Gregorius Agricola reported on Bergsucht (miner's consumption) in mine workers in the Erzgebirge. About 350 years later, Härting and Hesse reported on large numbers of lung cancers among the mine-workers in the same mine district, thus confirming that Bergsucht primarily was lung cancer, but could also have been pnumoconiosis or tuberculosis or a combination of both. Mining for bismuth continued another 75 years--through World War II. Bismuth mining was replaced by large scale uranium mining from the late 1940 through 1989, employing some 400-450,000 workers, resulting in the major local epidemic of work-related cancer larger than anywhere in the world, so far amounting to ± 14-15,000 cases. Had the mine developers listened to the warnings by Agricola and Härting and Hesse, the epidemic could have been prevented. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  8. IL RUOLO DEI POLI DI CRESCITA URBANA NELLA POLITICA REGIONALE: IL CASO DELLA ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    József Benedek

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available As part of a broader Europeanization process, the general guidelines and principles of the European spatial planning documents have been uncritically overtaken in the last two decades in the Romanian spatial planning system. One of them is represented by the growth pole concept, which was widely used not only in the selection process of the cities as growth poles but in the delimitation of the metropolitan zones as well. The Regional Operational Program (ROP 2007-2013 has incorporated the above logic, the priority axe 1 sustaining the urban growth poles with 30% of the budget allocated to the whole ROP. The future prospects for 2014-2020 are going in the same direction. The main aim of this paper is to evaluate the process and outcome of establishing the urban growth poles as key elements of the new regional policy in Romania. In particular, we will address the process of establishing the urban growth poles as high priority development goal. The paper highlights the failure of regional policy in attaining its essential objective, the reduction of regional disparities. Driven by the growth of the capital region Bucharest-Ilfov, regional polarisation is at a historical high, as the regional policies applied in Romania being unable to influence this process. Although we have at this time no exact evaluation on their regional impact, we can assume that the urban growth poles program has rather contributed to the intensification of regional imbalances.

  9. desigualdades regionales en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Enrique Miguel-Velasco

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se analizan las desigualdades regionales a través del concepto entropía regional, tomando como referencia el desarrollo de las regiones de México –a través del índice de desarrollo humano– durante el periodo 1950-2003. La hipótesis que propone es que han aumentado las desigualdades regionales producto del desarrollo y que, en fechas recientes, los desequilibrios regionales detectados a través de la evaluación de la sustentabilidad regional tienden a ser mayores. Se propone como metodología para la medición de las desigualdades el empleo de los conceptos de entropía absoluta y relativa de los indicadores del desarrollo, la equidad, la eficiencia y la sostenibilidad de las regiones del país.

  10. Politica monetaria in un'economia "socializzata".

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    G. RAGAZZI

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Nell’ articolo si cerca  di indicare i motivi per cui, in un’economia “ socializzata”, una politica monetaria restrittiva può persino causare un aumento dell’inflazione e un aumento della domanda di consumo, cioè agire in senso opposto a quello generalmente atteso.

  11. ECONOMIA POLITICA DEL PLAN COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Martínez Betancourt

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available 1. El Plan Colombia, una política imperialista. El verdadero plan de desarrollo de Colombia no es el que aprobó el Congreso de la República en octubre del año pasado, sino el que se deriva de los acuerdos sobre créditos y “ayudas” del Gobierno del Dr. Pastrana con el Fondo Monetario Internacional, con el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo y especialmente con el Gobierno de los Estados Unidos, ya conocido como Plan Colombia. Una de las características del imperialismo, formuladas por V. I. Lenin en su libro “El imperialismo fase superior del capitalismo”, de vigencia en este mundo globalizado por la hegemonía ultraimperialista, es que simultáneamente con el reparto económico del mundo se hace el reparto territorial, para afianzar el dominio económico, cultural y político. El reparto territorial fundamentado en las pretensiones económicas, por las fuentes de materias primas y alimentos y/o por mercados para vender los productos de las metrópolis, generalmente se ha hecho por la vía bélica, como las dos guerras mundiales del siglo XX, o las regionales, como la del Golfo Pérsico, entre otras.

  12. Sindromes Dolorosos Regionales, Columna, Hombro y Rodilla

    OpenAIRE

    Verónica, Wolff C.

    2012-01-01

    Los Síndromes Dolorosos Regionales son muy frecuentes y de etiología múltiple. e debe distinguir si son de origen músculoesquelético o se trata de dolor referido a la zona dolorosa. Las pruebas de movilidad pasiva y activa permiten diferenciar el dolor articular del periarticular. Se debe descartar compromiso neurológico y la presencia de signos de enfermedad sistémica. En dolor de columna, es importante distinguir el origen mecánico del inflamatorio, cuyo enfrentamiento es muy diferent...

  13. Strumenti della politica monetaria: un esame comparativo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.M. TAMAGNA

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available L’autore effettua un esame comparativo degli strumenti di politica monetaria abbracciando gli aspetti riguardanti la tradizione e l’organizzazione delle banche centrali, la struttura e i sistemi dei mercati e degli istituti finanziari dei vari paesi del mondo. L’introduzione di strumenti specifici, adatti alla regolamentazione del costo,e della disponibilità, volume, direzione e uso del credito, è frutto di uno sviluppo relativamente recente che si è concentrato gradualmente attraverso le operazioni delle banche centrali come banche di emissione e attraverso le responsabilità da esse assunte in qualità di banchieri del governo.

  14. Il rapporto tra politica monetaria e politica fiscale. (The relationship between fiscal and monetary policy

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    A. CAIRNCROSS

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Il rapporto tra la politica fiscale e monetaria è una delle maggiori complessità teoriche , polemiche acute e notevole importanza pratica . L'autore offre un resoconto del modo in cui il pensiero si è sviluppato sulla questione prima di passare ad alcune delle più evidenti questioni teoriche che disciplinano il mix di politica fiscale e monetaria e le limitazioni a cui ciascuno di loro è soggetto .The relationship between fiscal and monetary policy is one of great theoretical complexity, acute controversy and major practical importance. The author offers an account of the way thinking has developed on the matter before turning to some of the more obvious theoretical questions governing the mix of fiscal and monetary policy and the limitations to which each of them is subject.JEL: E52, E62

  15. Politica come intrattenimento. Un’analisi della “messa in scena” politica di Fernando Collor de Mello

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    Paula Diehl

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available  Dopo gli anni 1980, la comunicazione politica delle e dei politici è diventata sempre più ibrida, mescolando intrattenimento e rappresentazione politica. Politici come Silvio Berlusconi, Beppe Grillo, ma anche Barack Obama pongono il proprio corpo al centro della rappresentazione mediatica, utilizzandolo non solo come canale di comunicazione, ma anche come fonte di intrattenimento. Prima ancora della “discesa in campo” di Silvio Berlusconi, il caso dell’ex presidente brasiliano Fernando Alfonso Collor de Mello mostra già nel 1989, in modo emblematico, come la fusione di politica e intrattenimento è diventata una delle principale tendenze della comunicazione politica. L’analisi della sua messa in scena da chiarezza a questa tendenza e rivela un fenomeno nuovo della messa in scena mediatica: l’apparizione del terzo corpo del politico.

  16. Integral energy policy; Politica energetica integral

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bazan Navarrete, Gerardo [Programa Universitario de Energia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2006-11-15

    The guidelines of energy policy are normative directions that govern the energy sector and its relations with different objects, these guidelines must be in agreement with the national objectives so that they collaborate to its accomplishment. Camara Nacional de la Industria y Trasnformacion (CANACINTRA) and the University Program of Energy made a diagnosis and long term prospective of the Energy Sector. With the design of five possible growth scenarios to year 2030 the total demand of energy required for the 2030 was calculated with the purpose of determining the mixture of the primary energy sources to satisfy the projected demand. With such data a decalogue of recommendations was formulated that appeal for better policies of organization and action, promotions and forecasts to obtain an optimal national performance, competitive at international level. [Spanish] Los lineamientos de politica energetica son orientaciones normativas que rigen el sector energetico y sus relaciones con distintos objetos, estos lineamientos deben estar a tono con los objetivos nacionales de modo que colaboren a su realizacion. Camara Nacional de la Industria de Transformacion (CANACINTRA) y el Programa Universitario de Energia realizaron un diagnostico y prospectiva a largo plazo del sector energia. Con el diseno de cinco posibles escenarios de crecimiento al 2030 se calculo la demanda total de energia requerida para el 2030 con el fin de determinar la mezcla de energeticos primarios para satisfacer la demanda proyectada. Con tales datos se conformo un decalogo de recomendaciones que apelan a mejores politicas de organizacion y accion, fomentos y previsiones para lograr un optimo desempeno energetico nacional, competitivo a nivel internacional.

  17. C’è una politica ecclesiastica dei Governi. E la dottrina?

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    Valerio Tozzi

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Testo dell’intervento al Convegno su “Religione, cultura e diritto tra globale e locale” (Macerata, 17-18 aprile 2006 destinato alla pubblicazione negli Atti. SOMMARIO: 1. - La recente politica ecclesiastica. 2. – Democrazia politica e rigidità normativa. 3. – La politica ecclesiastica attuale. Assunzione del metodo concordatario come modello culturale ed istituzionale prevalente. 4. – Il nuovo contesto socioculturale ed i ritardi della politica. 5. – Politica e scienza. Quale relazione fra loro? Pubblicato nel volume collettaneo (a cura di P. PICOZZA e G. RIVETTI, Religione, cultura e diritto tra globale e locale, ed. Giuffré, Milano, 2007, p. 149 ss.

  18. Agricola and the Wismut company: A historical review from the days of silver mining to those of uranium mining in the Erzgebirge. Reflections in view of the 500th return of the birthday of Georg Pawer, who named himself Agricola

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schiffner, W.

    1994-01-01

    On the occasion of the 500th return of the birthday of Georgius Agricola (1494-1555) the author, drawing on his own experience from decades of work in bismuth/uranium mining, celebrates this great Saxonian humanist, whose achievements influence even modern-day mining. The book spans the period of history from silver mining in the Saxonian Ore Mountains during Agricola's time to the period more than 400 years later when uranium was extracted at an unparalleled scale. As substantiated by the historical comparison, Agricola's mining science, the mining technology for which he laid the basis, were still applied even centuries later in bismuth mining. At the same time the book offers a critical review of the last great mining activities in the area, so momentous to man and the environment. (orig./HP) [de

  19. Il Rapporto Radcliff: e l'odierna politica monetaria inglese.

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    R.S. SAYERS

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Il saggio si occupa di tre principali argomenti ai quali il comitato ha dedicato tanta attenzione nel suo rapporto. Essi sono: il problema dell’informazione sulle questioni finanziarie, il controllo della quantità di moneta e la politica del tasso di interesse. C’è poi una breve sezione dedicata al problema costituzionale della posizione della banca centrale.

  20. Läänemeresoome keelte õppetoolis : soome keele olümpiaad Agricola päeval / Maris Amon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Amon, Maris

    2000-01-01

    7. aprillil Agricola päeva tähistava soome keele olümpiaadi korraldusega on Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikoolist seotud professor Jaan Õispuu žürii koosseisus, olümpiaadi ülesandeid koostavad õppejõud Maria-Magdalena Jürvetson ja Tarja Tanttu

  1. From universals to topics : The realism of Rudolph Agricola, with an edition of his reply to a critic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nauta, Lodi

    2012-01-01

    Rudolph Agricola's De inventione dialectica has rightly been regarded as the most original and influential textbook on argumentation, reading, writing, and communication in the Renaissance. At the heart of his treatment are the topics (loci), such as definition, genus, species, place, whole, parts,

  2. Il cerchio della paranoia politica. Possibili linee di frattura

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    Laura Bazzicalupo

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available La psicoanalisi lacaniana può essere utilizzata per riflettere sul sottile e invisibile processo di rappresentazione simbolica, nel contesto della stereotipizzazione e della de-umanizzazione che troviamo in opera nello stile paranoico della politica (per esempio, nelle teorie del complotto. L’articolo evidenzia come la pretesa di immunizzazione auto-conservativa sia indispensabile nei processi di soggettivazione politica, ma può produrre un rovesciamento distruttivo. Nella identità comunitaria paranoica, la negatività è cancellata e il male, kakon, proiettato su un Altro persecutorio. L’ultima parte dell’articolo mette a fuoco il nesso tra paranoia e psicosi nelle forme di violenza gratuita, terrorismo e droga, nel sistema post-totalitario neoliberale. Solo l’assunzione del fantasma (che organizza il nostro sguardo sul mondo e il suo attraversamento, può aiutare ad aprire il circolo paranoico dell’identità.

  3. Politica e estetica: la questione irrisolta della critica marxista

    OpenAIRE

    Francesco Muzzioli

    2015-01-01

    Il dibattito su politica e estetica si è sviluppato negli anni Trenta del Novecento, soprattutto in ambito marxista con le importanti precisazioni di Gramsci e di Benjamin. Oggi, nel momento in cui si torna a parlare di impegno, è necessario che la critica letteraria riprenda quel dibattito nei punti controversi e nei suoi nodi irrisolti, per confrontarsi adeguatamente con le prospettive aperte dagli studi culturali, seguendo i teorici di un marxismo nuovo, come Jameson e Eagleton.

  4. Il Leonardo di Gramsci, tra estetica e politica

    OpenAIRE

    Versiero, Marco

    2010-01-01

    International audience; An abridged version of a paper presented at the Conference "Marx e Gramsci. Filologia, Filosofia e Politica allo Specchio", held in Naples on December 4-5, 2008. A critical approach to Gramsci's category of cosmopolitanism against Croce's idea of intellectual apoliticality, through their own interpretation of Leonardo's personality as a thinker, to explain the cultural and political failure of the Italian Renaissance. With excerpts of unpublished letters of Gramsci's w...

  5. La laicità contesa. Aspetti della crisi politica turca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Prandi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo è segnalato dal Prof. Giuseppe Casuscelli. SOMMARIO: 1. Introduzione – 2. Per una prima ricostruzione fattuale della crisi politica turca nel biennio 2007-2008 – 3. Il giudizio sullo scioglimento del partito AKP: le argomentazioni delle parti – 4. La sentenza della Corte costituzionale del 30 luglio 2008. La Corte tra funzione di equilibrio e difesa del laicismo – 5. Cenni conclusivi, nella prospettiva del diritto ecclesiastico europeo.

  6. Energy saving in agricultural pumping equipment; Ahorro de energia en equipos de bombeo agricola

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Acosta Torres, R. Aracely [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1993-12-31

    This paper analyses the current state of the pumping equipment for agricultural irrigation in Mexico. Because of being of the vertical centrifugal turbine type pumps, the most commonly utilized for this service, the study has been focussed into this equipment, obtaining efficiency and consumption scenarios, as well as the potential energy saving existing in this sector. [Espanol] En el presente articulo se analiza el estado actual de los equipos de bombeo para riego agricola en Mexico, al ser las bombas centrifugas verticales tipo turbina, las mas comunmente utilizadas para este servicio, el estudio ha sido enfocado a estos equipos, obteniendose los escenarios de eficiencias y consumos, asi como, el potencial de ahorro energetico existente en este sector.

  7. Las empresas regionales : ¿Nuevo actor innovador?

    OpenAIRE

    Prado, Mariano

    2008-01-01

    En este trabajo se intenta reflexionar, a partir de un estudio de caso, sobre los desafíos que enfrentan los empresarios regionales para la introducción de una respuesta original aplicada tanto a sus procesos y productos como a la estructura total de la empresa. Pensar en el estudio de las diferentes tecnologías que posee una región en particular requiere, al menos, la consideración y el análisis de distintas dimensiones, siendo una de ellas la economía regional y, en especial, las actividade...

  8. River deep, mountain high - 20 jaar regionale dagbladen in Nederland (3)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, P.

    2010-01-01

    De regionale krant had het zwaar te verduren in de afgelopen 20 jaar. In deel 1 van deze serie bleek dat de totale oplage kromp met meer dan dertig procent en in deel 2 kwam naar voren dat sommige titels de helft van hun oplage verloren. Is het einde nabij voor regionale dagbladen? Zo’n vaart loopt

  9. Handicap og beskæftigelse i 2012. Regionale forskelle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller Kjeldsen, Marie; Høgelund, Jan

    Denne rapport undersøger beskæftigelsen for personer med handicap i landets fire beskæftigelsesregioner, Hovedstaden og Sjælland, Syddanmark, Midtjylland og Nordjylland. Rapporten belyser regionale forskelle på en række områder inden for beskæftigelse, herunder beskæftigelsesomfanget og beskæftig......Denne rapport undersøger beskæftigelsen for personer med handicap i landets fire beskæftigelsesregioner, Hovedstaden og Sjælland, Syddanmark, Midtjylland og Nordjylland. Rapporten belyser regionale forskelle på en række områder inden for beskæftigelse, herunder beskæftigelsesomfanget og...... beskæftigelsens udvikling samt beskæftigelse på særlige vilkår og kendskab til beskæftigelsesrettede støtteordninger for personer med handicap. Den har desuden et særligt fokus på beskæftigedes holdninger til personer med handicap generelt og til synshandicap, mobilitetshandicap og en psykisk lidelse specifikt....... Undersøgelsen viser bl.a., at der ikke er signifikante forskelle mellem regionerne i beskæftigelsesandelen hverken for personer med eller uden handicap. I én region er beskæftigelsen for personer med handicap dog faldet fra 2010 til 2012, mens beskæftigelsen for personer uden handicap er steget i en anden...

  10. Il popolo tra realtà politica e finzione ideologica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Gatti

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Ci si può chiedere quale sia il motivo che spinge ad affrontare la non facile prova consistente nel delineare un percorso di riflessione in chiave filosofica intorno al concetto di “popolo” prendendo in esame il periodo che va dalla prima alla tarda modernità, sino a sfiorare (almeno l’epoca della quale noi, uomini e donne del presente, siamo protagonisti, il più delle volte molto perplessi e parecchio disorientati.Il perché sta nel tentativo di mostrare che, per quanto questo lungo periodo sia, a proposito del nostro argomento, parecchio complesso e contraddistinto da un esteso pluralismo di punti di vista, presenta però, a mio avviso, almeno una caratteristica unitaria. Si tratta della difficoltà di articolare teoreticamente un concetto di “popolo” sul quale non gravino quei limiti sui quali vorrei concentrare l’attenzione: limiti ovviamente non secondari, ma tali da compromettere gravemente il concetto in questione.In tutto il tragitto che proverò a tracciare, non vorrei semplicemente procedere prendendo nota dei punti oscuri rinvenibili in questa o quella concezione di “popolo”, e così mettere in atto una sorta d’incolore e, tutto sommato, ridondante elenco che collochi uno dopo l’altro gli autori come in una galleria dei nobili fallimenti della filosofia politica dal ‘500 a oggi. La posta in gioco è ben diversa. La presento, per ora molto concisamente, come segue.Nel De republica di Cicerone – importante sintesi di una già consolidata tradizione – è evidente la corrispondenza concettuale tra “res publica” e “populus”: la società politica si dà solo in presenza di un’associazione tenuta insieme “per accordo nell’osservare la giustizia” e “per comunanza di interessi”. Il popolo, che si forma a causa della “naturale inclinazione a vivere bene” presente in ogni essere umano, esprime, nella sua unità etico-giuridica, il senso propriamente politico insito nel condurre un

  11. Handicap og beskæftigelse i 2014. Regionale forskelle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Malene Rode; Høgelund, Jan

    Denne rapport belyser tilknytningen til arbejdsmarkedet blandt personer med handicap i første kvartal 2014. Rapporten belyser blandt andet, om der er regionale forskelle i beskæftigelsen for personer med handicap, samt om beskæftigelsesudviklingen for personer med handicap har været den samme i de...... fire regioner. Desuden undersøges bl.a. kendskabet til beskæftigelsesrettede støtteordninger for personer med handicap samt holdningen blandt beskæftigede personer til at have en kollega med handicap i de fire regioner. Rapporten skal ses i sammenhæng med rapporten ”Handicap og beskæftigelse...... – udviklingen mellem 2002 og 2014”(SFI-rapport 15:06), som belyser beskæftigelsen blandt personer med handicap på landsplan....

  12. Handicap og beskæftigelse i 2010. Regionale forskelle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brink Thomsen, Lars; Høgelund, Jan

    Med oprettelsen af beskæftigelsesregionerne i 2006 blev det væsentligt at undersøge beskæftigelsessituationen for personer med handicap i de enkelte regioner. Denne rapport belyser regionale forskelle i beskæftigelsesniveau og -udvikling samt beskæftigelse på særlige vilkår og kendskab til...... beskæftigelsesrettede støtteordninger for personer med handicap. Den har desuden et særligt fokus på beskæftigelsessituationen på landsplan for personer med psykiske lidelser og personer med handicap og læsevanskeligheder. Undersøgelsen viser, at der er flest personer med et selvvurderet handicap eller længerevarende...... helbredsproblem i Region Syddanmark. Beskæftigelsesandelen er stort set ens i alle regioner, og den er steget mest i Midt- og Nordjylland. For personer med psykiske lidelser er beskæftigelsen forbedret på landsplan. Endelig er personer med både handicap og læse/skrive-vanskeligheder i væsentligt mindre grad i...

  13. Handicap og beskæftigelse i 2008 - regionale forskelle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Brian; Høgelund, Jan

    2009-01-01

    Dette arbejdspapir handler om personer med handicap og deres tilknytning til arbejdsmarkedet i 1. kvartal 2008. Arbejdspapiret belyser bl.a., om der er forskel mellem de fire beskæftigelsesregioner mht. beskæftigelsessituationen for personer med handicap, beskæftigedes holdninger til at arbejde...... sammen med handicappede, og handicappedes viden om beskæf-tigelsesrettede støtteordninger. Arbejdspapiret opbygning og fremstilling ligger i forlængelse af rapporten ”Handicap og beskæftigelse. Regionale forskelle” (Larsen m.fl., 2007). Arbejdspapirets resultater kan imidlertid ikke direkte sammenlignes...... med resultaterne i Larsen m.fl. (2007), bl.a. fordi personer med handicap ikke er afgrænset på samme måde i de to publikationer. Arbejdspapiret er en del af en større undersøgelse, som bl.a. og-så belyser udviklingen i beskæftigelsen for personer med handicap mellem 2002 og 2008 (Larsen og Høgelund...

  14. La tradición medieval prearistotélica y la formación de la politica como teoría a partir de 1265

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Bertelloni

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the gradual constitution of the politica as theory in the middle ages within the division of the philosophiamoralis in ethica, oeconomica and politica. The author organizes the paper in three parts in accordance with three different stages of medieval treatment of the politica as science. First he gives an overview of the medieval notion of politica until the first half of the thirteenth century. Secondly he analyzes Albert's conception of politica in the treatise Super Ethica. Thirdly he shows Albert's modifications of his own conception after the medieval reception of Aristotle's Politics.

  15. Magg. Teobaldo Folchi - Commissariato Regionale di Massaua - Brevi Cenni storico amministrativi sulle popolazioni, dal suddetto Commissariato Regionale dipendenti [Nota introduttiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Zaccaria

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The “Commissariato Regionale di Massawa” was established in 1898 and its original border included Samhar, Sahel, Northern Dankalia and part of the Acchele Guzai. The task of its very first organization fell on major Teobaldo Folchi, who spent six busy months in the Eritrean coastal town. Beside his administrative occupations, major T. Folchi wrote an impressive 552 pages report on the “Commissariato”, detailing information about people, places and resources of each single village and ethnic group of the “Commissariato”. Many the aspects covered by this unique report: history, economics, culture and politics. It shows how the Italians attempted to penetrate the complexities of this particular area of Eritrea and it offers the chance to grasp the way knowledge was produced and organized by Italian colonial administrators. This effort was aimed at strengthening the colonial control of the local peoples, nevertheless the data presented in the report offer a fascinating insight of the Eastern Lowland societies at the end of the XIX century.

  16. LA COMUNICAZIONE POLITICA SUI SOCIAL NETWORK: UN’ANALISI LINGUISTICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Spoladore

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Questo lavoro si propone di analizzare le scelte linguistiche dei soggetti politici che utilizzano Facebook e Twitter per rivolgersi al sempre più frammentato panorama dei potenziali elettori. In particolare, analizza le tendenze linguistiche comuni che questi social network hanno fatto emergere nel rapporto tra politica, web e lettori. Cominciando dall’analisi della presenza di parlamentari e senatori su Facebook e Twitter, si cerca di riassumere le principali caratteristiche delle due piattaforme, per giungere ad una classificazione dei testi prodotti attraverso di esse; si analizza la scrittura di post e tweet, sottolineando la presenza di espedienti tipici del mezzo e valutando il loro effetto sui lettori, e si studiano le scelte sintattiche e morfosintattiche in relazione alla struttura e alle possibilità dei due social network. In ultima analisi si osservano le scelte lessicali dei soggetti politici, studiandone i campi semantici e la quantità di tecnicismi. Infine, si cerca di compiere una valutazione delle due differenti tipologie di trasmesso scritto rinvenute nei campioni, osservando come ognuna di esse abbia uno scopo ben preciso nell’economia della comunicazione politica sui social network. Political communication policy in social networks: a language analysis  Daniele Spoladore This paper aims to analyze the linguistic choices of politicians who use Facebook and Twitter to address the increasingly fragmented landscape of potential voters. In particular, it analyzes the common language trends that these social networks have revealed in the relationship between politics, the web and readers. Starting from the analysis of the presence of MPs and senators on Facebook and Twitter, we try to summarize the key features of the two platforms, in order to arrive at a classification of the texts produced using them.  We analyzed posts and tweets, emphasizing the  typical characteristics of these means and evaluating their effect on

  17. Ideologi prima dell’ideologia. Linguet e i paradossi sociali della politica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurizio Ricciardi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Questo saggio affronta la dottrina politica di S.N.H. Linguet, analizzando l’uso sistematico dei paradossi al suo interno. La critica dell’ideologia fisiocratica consente a Linguet di individuare il nesso tra scienza e politica quale fondamento dell’ideologia della società e della sua critica. La costellazione concettuale formata da proprietà, appropriazione, patrimonialismo e patriarcato stabilisce le coordinate della sua teoria politica dei concetti sociali. La categoria di rapporto sociale non esprime la coordinazione tra soggetti indifferenti, ma la subordinazione di alcuni individui al potere sociale dei proprietari. La critica di Montesquieu, del suo concetto di legge e di dispotismo asiatico, conduce Linguet ad affermare la necessità di uno Stato burocratico che, grazie al suo diritto positivo sia in grado di governare i movimenti della proprietà che per Linguet è il centro reale del sistema politico.

  18. Micromammiferi del Parco Regionale di Monte Cucco (Perugia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.M. Paci

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Il M.te Cucco, situato sull?Appennino umbro-marchigiano settentrionale ma compreso interamente nella provincia di Perugia, per le sue peculiarità naturalistiche è stato dichiarato nel 1995 Parco Naturale Regionale (L.R. 9/95. Molti sono i lavori di valenza scientifica o divulgativa sulle emergenze geo-paleontologiche, floristiche, entomologiche e paesaggistiche di questo massiccio. Da alcuni anni si conducono ricerche ornitologiche e teriologiche, ma per i micromammiferi mancano ancora indagini mirate. Il contributo cerca di fare un primo punto sulla ricchezza della microteriofauna dell?intero ambito protetto e di fornire, al contempo, nuovi dati sulla posizione zoogeografica di alcune specie. La raccolta di informazioni si è rivolta unicamente all?annotazione di vari elementi di presenza (da avvistamento diretto, boli, carcasse, tane, resti di pasto, bibliografia a partire dall?anno 2000. I dati collezionati hanno accertato: 1 Erinaceus europaeus; 2 Sorex minutus; 3 S. samniticus; 4 Crocidura leucodon; 5 C. suaveolens; 6 Suncus etruscus; 7 T. caeca; 8 Talpa europaea; 9 Sciurus vulgaris; 10 Clethrionomys glareolus; 11 Microtus savii; 12 A. flavicollis; 13 Apodemus sylvaticus; 14 Rattus norvegicus; 15 Mus domesticus; 16 Glis glis; 17 Muscardinus avellanarius; 18 Eliomys quercinus. Interessante la presenza di quasi tutti gli Insectivora del centro Italia, alcuni dei quali a diffusione regionale poco conosciuta quali Sorex minutus e Talpa caeca. Quest?ultima, per ecologia e rarità, può essere considerata tra gli elementi faunistici qualificanti la natura dello stesso Parco nel quale, oltre i 1000 m. s.l.m., è risultata in parapatria con Talpa europaea. Anche qui, come in altre località della provincia di Perugia, sono stati trovati crani di

  19. Spettri della violenza politica: gli anni Settanta in alcuni romanzi del nuovo millennio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federica Colleoni

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La memoria della violenza politica in Italia resta divisa. Dal punto di vista degli studi sul trauma, si tratterebbe di un trauma collettivo che, non essendo stato elaborato, produce nella memoria collettiva una sorta di spettro, per utilizzare un termine usato da Freud e in seguito da Jacques Derrida nel suo Spectres de Marx (1993. L‘intervento si concentra sulla presenza spettrale della violenza politica in quattro romanzi italiani del nuovo millennio: Tuo figlio (2004 di Gian Mario Villalta, Il segreto (2003 di Geraldina Colotti, La Guerra di Nora (2003 di Antonella Tavassi La Greca, Il sogno cattivo (2006 di Francesca D‘Aloja.

  20. Simon Stevin’s Vita politica. Het Burgherlick leven (1590

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Secretan

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Simon Stevin has recently enjoyed a renewed interest. Long considered as mainly an engineer and a mathematician, he also earned fame for having been military advisor to Stadtholder Maurice of Nassau during almost 20 years. His lasting reputation as a scientist was due to his outstanding theoretical works (in algebra, physics, calculation of interest, linguistics, architecture, music theory, etc. and to his highly innovative technological achievements in various fields: sluices, mills, fortification, navigation, etc. But new aspects of his work have been brought to light, concerning among others his political thought. The short discourse written in Dutch and published in Leiden in 1590, Vita politica. Het Burgherlick Leven, proves to be a very original political treatise. Stevin here distances himself from both the 'mirrors-for-princes' literary genre and the humanists' claim on a privileged relationship with the supreme political power, asserting instead the capability of any citizen to make a statement on politics. In addition, he deals with the question of civic life as a practical issue.

  1. Natura pedagogica e rilevanza politica del concetto di 'composizione musicale'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Aversano

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo discute ed evidenzia le relazioni che intercorrono tra il concetto di composizione musicale e gli àmbiti della pedagogia e della politica. A partire da un'analisi storico-lessicologica della parola "composizione" vengono illustrate le variabili semantiche del termine e  il tratto comune che le caratterizza, ossia il riferimento costante a un principio razionale di aggregazione di elementi diversi, a cui l'attività compositiva, nelle sue possibili esplicazioni e in quanto progetto di organizzazione sonora, è sempre riconducibile. La composizione musicale viene dunque interpretata come metafora-chiave di una possibile strada per la soluzione di un problema molto urgente della contemporaneità: come tenere insieme persone provenienti da culture diverse, come combinare identità differenti in una nuova identità comune.D'altro canto, la musica d'arte, nel suo oscillare tra testo notato e interpretazione, è intimamente affine al paradigma giuridico che sta a fondamento di qualsiasi organismo sociale.

  2. Azospirillum agricola sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing species isolated from cultivated soil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shih-Yao; Liu, You-Cheng; Hameed, Asif; Hsu, Yi-Han; Huang, Hsin-I; Lai, Wei-An; Young, Chiu-Chung

    2016-03-01

    A polyphasic approach was used to characterize a novel nitrogen-fixing bacterial strain, designated CC-HIH038T, isolated from cultivated soil in Taiwan. Cells of strain CC-HIH038T were Gram-stain-negative, facultatively aerobic and spiral-shaped, with motility provided by a single polar flagellum. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of strain CC-HIH038T showed highest sequence similarity to Azospirillum doebereinerae (98.0 %), Azospirillum thiophilum (97.5 %), Azospirillum rugosum (97.4 %) and Azospirillum zeae (97.2 %) and lower sequence similarity ( Azospirillum. According to DNA-DNA association, the relatedness values of strain CC-HIH038T with A. doebereinerae, A. thiophilum, A. rugosum and A. zeae were 51.8 %, 41.2 %, 56.5 % and 37.5 %, respectively. Strain CC-HIH038T was able to grow at 20-37 °C and pH 7.0-8.0. Strain CC-HIH038T gave positive amplification for dinitrogen reductase (nifH gene); the activity was recorded as 8.4 nmol ethylene h- 1. The predominant quinone system was ubiquinone Q-10 and the DNA G+C content was 68.8 mol%. The major fatty acids found in strain CC-HIH038T were C16 : 0, iso-C18 : 0, C16 : 0 3-OH, C14 : 0 3-OH/iso-C16 : 1 and C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c. Based on the distinct phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic traits together with results of comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain CC-HIH038T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Azospirillum, for which the name Azospirillum agricola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CC-HIH038T ( = BCRC 80909T = JCM 30827T).

  3. Cent’anni dopo: la Grande Guerra e la cultura politica britannica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Chiara Pievatolo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Claudio Palazzolo ha scelto di pubblicare ad accesso aperto il suo intervento al convegno L’Italia e l’Europa di fronte alla Grande Guerra, dedicato a La Grande Guerra e la cultura politica britannica. Il suo testo, depositato nell’archivio Marini, è a...

  4. Review: Steffen Wippel, Wirtschaft, Politik und Raum: Territoriale und regionale Prozesse in der westlichen Sahara (2012 Buchbesprechung: Steffen Wippel, Wirtschaft, Politik und Raum: Territoriale und regionale Prozesse in der westlichen Sahara (2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Marfaing

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Review of the monograph:Steffen Wippel, Wirtschaft, Politik und Raum: Territoriale und regionale Prozesse in der westlichen Sahara, 2 volumes, Berlin/Tübingen: Verlag Hans Schiler, 2012, ISBN 9783899303674, xiv + 1,438 pagesBesprechung der Monographie:Steffen Wippel, Wirtschaft, Politik und Raum: Territoriale und regionale Prozesse in der westlichen Sahara, 2 Bände, Berlin/Tübingen: Verlag Hans Schiler, 2012, ISBN 9783899303674, xiv + 1,438 Seiten

  5. The environmental policy in Mexico: Crisis and perspectives; La politica ambiental en Mexico: Crisis y perspectivas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urquidi, Victor [Colegio de Mexico, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1996-12-31

    In this paper some aspects of the environmental situation in Mexico are condensed. The main roll performed by the modality of the energy resources consumption and the evolution of the environmental policy in Mexico from 1971 to 1996 is analyzed. It is concluded that in Mexico it has not been able to define the environmental policy in all its extension requiring, therefore, a greater participation of all the sectors to protect Nature and fight against the industrial and municipal pollution [Espanol] En esta ponencia se resumen algunos aspectos de la situacion ambiental actual de Mexico. Se analiza el papel central desempenado por la modalidad del consumo de energeticos y la evolucion de la politica ambiental en Mexico desde 1971 hasta 1996. Se concluye en que la politica ambiental en Mexico no se ha podido definir todavia en todos sus alcances por lo que se requiere una mayor participacion de todos los sectores para proteger la naturaleza y combatir la contaminacion industrial y municipal

  6. Gli effetti della politica monetaria degli Stati Uniti sul mercato dell'eurodollaro.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. BARATTIERI

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available La prima sezione dell’articolo  descrive i tratti salienti della politica monetaria seguita dalla Riserva Federale nel 1969; la seconda esamina le fonti diverse dei depositi utilizzate dalle grandi banche e le contromisure adottate dalla Riserva Federale; la terza sezione analizza le ripercussioni degli acquisti di eurodollari sulla bilancia dei pagamenti degli Stati Uniti; la quarta studia gli effetti sul mercato dell’eurodollaro delle misure monetarie restrittive adottate negli Stati Uniti e contiene un breve esame della proposto di Kindleberger per una politica monetaria mondiale e della proposta di Bernstein per interventi coordinati delle autorità monetarie sui mercati dei cambi a termine; la quinta sezione suggerisce l’introduzione di riserve obbligatorie flessibili sugli acquisti di eurodollari allo scopo di assicurare ai vari paesi quella indipendenza monetaria  che è stata seriamente intaccata nel corso del 1969.

  7. The future of the energy policy; El futuro de la politica energetica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wirth, Timothy E [United Nations Foundation (United States); Gray, C. Boyden [Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering (United States); Podesta, John D. [Georgetown University Law Center (United States)

    2003-10-15

    In the United States, the discussion about the energy policy has not achieved to tackle the important issues being at stake. This is the suitable moment for envisaging a new and ambitious approach of the American energy policy, which stands up to the problems of the petroleum dependency, global climate change and lack of access to the developing world. [Spanish] El debate sobre la politica energetica en Estados Unidos no ha logrado abordar los importantes asuntos que estan en juego. Ya es hora de intentar un nuevo y ambicioso planteamiento de la politica energetica estadounidense, que haga frente a los problemas de dependencia petrolera, cambio climatico y falta de acceso a la energia del mundo en desarrollo.

  8. La signiflcación politica del concepto de justicia en Marsilio de Padua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio A. Castello Dubra

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available El pensamiento politico medieval concibe a la ley como esencialmente ligada a un concepto de justicia superior y objetivo. El trabajo procura zanjar las divergencias en tomo del concepto ley en Marsilio de Padua. Para ella, se efectua un analisis de la ecuacion entre las facultades cognoscitivas y volitivas que aparecen en el tratamiento del fin de la ley, de las cualidades personales requeridas para el juez, y de la idoneidad dellegislador humano. La ley debe poseer un contenido de justicia que es objeto de una captacion racional y de un recto querer. Sin embargo, ese concepto de justicia adquiere en Marsilio una definicion estrictamente politica: se trata del "equilibria" o la "medida" que deben alcanzar los actos transitivos de los hombres, can el fin de preservar la comunidad politica.

  9. BARRERAS A LA IMPLEMENTACION DE LA RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL EN LAS MICROEMPRESAS AGRICOLAS DEL CANTON QUEVEDO, AÑO 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Washington Carreño

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available El marco actual de los negocio demuestran que se ha de buscar la eficiencia empresarial desde una perspectiva sistémica, en la que se se contemmple a todos los grupo de interés (stakeholders de las organizaciones, asi como tambien lo confirman las recomendaciones de los organismos internacionales y nacionales que instan a los diferentes tipos de entidades a contribuir a las sostenibilidad, mediantes una actuacion socialmente responsable. Las organizaciones ecuatorianas no son ajenas a esta realidad, si bien se percibe una preocupacion mayor por parte de las grandes empresas y pymes, aquellos otras de menor tamaño como las agricolas se caracterizan por s u falta de sensibilizacion respecto a esta cuestion contemplándola desde una triple dimension de sostenibilidad: eficiencia de negocio. atencion social y preocupacion medioambiental. Por la relevancia económica del sector microempresarial agrario en el cantón de Quevedo,la presente investigacion se dirigirá a realizar una revision teórica para denir un marco conceptual de las responsabilidad social y posterior análisis de aplicaciones en este tipo de entidades.

  10. Determinantes macroeconómicos regionales de la migración mexicana

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Eduardo Mendoza Cota

    2006-01-01

    Con base en información sobre las características económicas y sociales de los estados de México, en el presente artículo se estiman los determinantes macroeconómicos de la migración de México hacia Estados Unidos. Se utiliza un modelo de mínimos cuadrados generalizados aplicado a una base de datos regionales de corte transversal. Los resultados muestran un coeficiente positivo de la proporción del PIB de Estados Unidos respecto a los estados de México y el crecimiento de la mi...

  11. Elecciones regionales en Colombia 2015: análisis de las nuevas gobernaciones y asambleas departamentales

    OpenAIRE

    Milanese, Juan Pablo; Abadía Cardona, Adolfo Alfonso; Manfredi, Luciana Carla

    2017-01-01

    Este artículo analiza las elecciones regionales de Colombia de 2015 desde una perspectiva subnacional, enfocándose en los resultados de las elecciones a Gobernación y Asamblea Departamental. Partiendo de la premisa de que las dinámicas político-electorales departamentales y municipales difieren de la lógica electoral nacional, este trabajo revisa asuntos como la fragmentación, la nacionalización y el abstencionismo en términos analítico-descriptivos. Estos comicios significaron el debut elect...

  12. Policy of productive development and energy efficiency; Politica de desenvolvimento produtivo e eficiencia energetica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naturesa, Jim Silva [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Civil Arquitetura e Urbanismo. Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Planejamento Energetico], e-mail: cam@fec.unicamp.br; Mariotoni, Carlos Alberto [Faculdade Politecnica de Jundiai (FPJ), SP (Brazil). Anhanguera Educacional

    2008-07-01

    The new industry policy in Brazil called PDP (Politica de Desenvolvimento Produtivo) and implications on Brazilian energy efficiency program are discussed. The PINTEC - Industrial Research for Technology Innovation (2003/05) indicates a low R and D and I investment of the Brazilian industries. It is expected that and energy efficiency project can be seen as an innovation project because this brings new equipment and a more advanced knowledge to industry, which helps to reduce electrical energy consumption, consumer' bills and production costs. (author)

  13. Eficiencia técnica y convergencia en los sectores productivos regionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma. Jesús Delgado Rodríguez

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la evolución y el grado de convergencia en eficiencia técnica de los sectores productivos regionales. Con esta finalidad se construyen índices de productividad de Malmquist, calculados mediante técnicas no paramétricas de programación lineal, que permiten comparar la aportación al crecimiento de la productividad de las ganancias de eficiencia en cada sector. A continuación se ha tratado de determinar si se ha producido un proceso de catching-up tecnológico y si las infraestructuras han constituido un factor condicionante de este. Los resultados muestran diferencias sectoriales en el comportamiento del cambio técnico y del cambio en eficiencia. Se ha confirmado también que los sectores productivos regionales menos eficientes se han beneficiado de la rápida difusión de la tecnología durante el periodo estudiado.

  14. Escalafón de las economías regionales en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edilberto Rodríguez Araújo

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available El autor analiza la trayectoria seguida por las economías regionales a lo largo de la última década, revelando los cambios ocurridos en la distribución del PIB y del PIB per cápita departamental. Para este propósito se utiliza un escalafón del peso relativo de las economías subnacionales. De igual forma, a partir de los indicadores básicos mencionados, se clasifican las economías regionales en cuatro tipos: ganadoras, convergentes, estancadas y declinantes. Esta tipología es reforzada con el desempeño de indicadores económicos complementarios como las exportaciones y el empleo, así como de indicadores sociales como el Índice de Desarrollo Humano, el Índice de Calidad de Vida, el Índice de Necesidades Básicas Insatisfechas, la Línea de Pobreza y la Línea de Indigencia,buscando identificar la hipotética correspondencia entre comportamiento económico y equidad distributiva.

  15. Auswahl eines Warehouse-Management-Systems für die BMW-Zentral- und Regionalläger

    OpenAIRE

    Figgener, O.

    2002-01-01

    Die Erweiterung der Kapazitäten zur weltweiten Ersatzteil-versorgung sowie eine strategische Neuausrichtung der informationstechnischen Infrastruktur der BMW Group beinhaltete die Chance, das individuell erstellte Warehouse Management System für die zentrale und regionale Lager-verwaltung durch eine Standardlösung zu ersetzen.

  16. Analysis of lustred ceramics of the Galleria Regionale di Palazzo Bellomo di Siracusa, Italy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Politi, Giuseppe; Bouquillon, Anne; Aucouturier, Marc; Gueli, Anna; Troja, Sebastiano Olindo; Vella, Carmela; Pacheco, Claire; Pichon, Laurent; Moignard, Brice; Lemasson, Quentin

    2014-01-01

    Several fragments of lustred pottery coming from the collection of the Galleria Regionale di Palazzo Bellomo and excavated in Siracusa, were studied through non-invasive ion beam techniques in the Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musees de France in Paris. Up to now only aesthetic and stylistic analysis were available for these objects, and their provenances and dating were unknown or uncertain; moreover, the question concerning a possible local production was still debated. Compositions of pottery and glazed parts were thus obtained by Particle Induced X-ray Emission analysis, while the depth distribution of element of the lustre was analyzed by the Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry technique. The obtained results provided important information on possible origin and production period of the objects

  17. Administración regional de los recursos naturales renovables. Corporaciones autónomas regionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugues Manuel Lacouture Daníes

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia, los Recursos Naturales Renovables son propiedad de la Nación, y su administración corresponde en el nivel regional a las Autoridades Ambientales mediante acciones y procedimientos que van desde el otorgamiento de autorizaciones, concesiones, licencias y/o permisos hasta la imposición de sanciones por el incumplimiento de la normatividad ambiental. Este trabajo aporta herramientas para la comprensión del ejercicio misional de las Corporaciones Autónomas Regionales, a partir del licenciamiento ambiental, la concesión de aguas para su uso y aprovechamiento y el permiso de emisiones atmosféricas; así mismo, describe las funciones de control y seguimiento ambiental y el ejercicio de la facultad coercitiva de estas entidades

  18. La politica ottimale per il Mezzogiorno:un commento a Moro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bert Jossa

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available In uno scritto recente ho sostenuto la tesi che la politica ottimale per il Mezzogiorno non è il laissez faire, né l’intervento diretto dello stato nell’economia, ma un intervento pubblico, anche “massiccio”, realizzato mediante leggi generali e astratte, che per loro natura sono di tipo non discrezionale.La necessità di un intervento generalizzato a favore di una zona meno sviluppata si giustifica con l’esistenza delle “diseconomie esterne”, che frenano lo sviluppo di tutte le imprese che operano in quella zona. Ha destato, perciò, in me meraviglia leggere l’articolo scritto contemporaneamente da Beniamino Moro (2001 e pubblicato nel numero 215 di questa rivista, che raggiunge lo stesso risultato con argomentazioni di segno opposto.

  19. Politica bancaria e sviluppo economico: rileggendo l'era menichelliana e quella attuale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Sarcinelli

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Il basso tasso di crescita dell’Italia, anche nel contesto internazionale ed europeo, ha spinto a confrontare gli anni ’50 con gli ultimi dieci o quindici. Dall’analisi emerge che, se si esclude l’iniziale liberalizzazione del commercio internazionale, il periodo che vide la più vigorosa crescita dell’Italia fu caratterizzato dall’economia mista, da monopoli pubblici e posizioni private dominanti, da una politica monetaria e bancaria basata su controlli diretti ed esercizi di persuasione morale individuale, tutte condizioni oggi ritenute sfavorevoli alla crescita. Al contrario, nella fase attuale l’enfasi è stata sul modello di economia liberale, con liberalizzazioni, privatizzazioni di imprese produttive e di banche, politiche incentrate sugli incentivi e sul mercato. Purtroppo, la scienza economica non ha ancora trovato il paradigma generale che spiega la ricchezza delle nazioni a prescindere dal contesto e dagli uomini che lo animano.

  20. CUM AFECTEAZĂ CONDUCEREA CENTRALĂ POLITICA EXTERNĂ ȘI CEA DECIZIONALĂ ÎN CHINA?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aureliu SINDILA

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available HOW DOES LEADERSHIP AFFECT FOREIGN POLICY DECISION-MAKING IN CHINA?Chinese New Diplomacy has emerged as a vector in the Asian region first, where it has achieved a considerable visibility. This paper aims to describe the model of the Chinese New Diplomacy, while analyzing its elements and profiles. Taking into account the remarkable influence and the newly centered desires, a fresh era in the Chinese foreign policy has stepped out. This work assembles some views from inside ofChina, making it more valuable for foreigners, who, in my opinion might be very easily biased by different state and non-state actors from abroad.CUM AFECTEAZĂ CONDUCEREA CENTRALĂ POLITICA EXTERNĂ ȘI CEA DECIZIONALĂ ÎN CHINA?Noua Diplomație Chineză a apărut ca vector relativ recent în regiunea asiatică, reușind să atingă o vizibilitate consi­derabilă. În această lucrare ne-am propus să descriem modelul Noii Diplomații Chineze, contextual analizând elementele și profilurile sale. Luând în considerare influența mondială remarcabilă și noile dorințe geopolitice, China a generat o eră nouă în politica externă. Sunt asamblate câteva puncte de vedere din interiorul Chinei, ceea ce face lucrarea valoroasă pentru străini, care, în opinia noastră, ar putea fi foarte ușor influențați de diferiți actori de stat atât din interior, cât și din exterior.

  1. [Baltisch-Europäische Rechtsgeschichte und Lexikographie ; Aufklärer im Baltikum. Europäische Kontext und Regionale Besonderheiten] / Jaan Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Jaan, 1958-

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Baltisch-Europäische Rechtsgeschichte und Lexikographie (Heidelberg : Universitätsverlag Winter, 2009) ; Aufklärer im Baltikum. Europäische Kontext und Regionale Besonderheiten (Heidelberg : Universitätsverlag Winter, 2011)

  2. URBANISMO Y PRACTICAS AGRICOLAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Octavio Da Silva

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este texto presenta y discute el fenómeno del cultivo de vegetales en ámbitos urbanos. Inicialmente se aborda el tema en el campo simbólico: el concepto de paraíso, el surgimiento de la agricultura y el nacimiento de las ciudades. En un segundo momento, las prácticas de agricultura son contextualizadas en relación con las teorías utópicas. La tercera parte aborda el fenómeno de la agricultura urbana en la era industrial: la difusión de las practicas de jardinería, los jardines familiares, los jardines industriales, los jardines obreros, el autoabastecimiento urbano, la ideología de las campañas de fomento de esas actividades y, finalmente, las prácticas paisajísticas que acompañaron los proyectos urbanísticos de la era industrial. En su última parte, antes de la conclusión, el artículo esboza un breve relato y discute una práctica paisajística recurrente en los medios urbanos: el cultivo del césped, sus orígenes anglo sajones, la transposición para el medio urbano norteamericano, su simbología y los conflictos que acompañaron la difusión de ese paisaje en las ciudades de américa del norte.

  3. Efectele Cooperării și Integrării Economice Regionale Asupra Țărilor Lumii

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina TABAC

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available În studiul dat se analizează importanţa cooperări şi integrării economice regionale, efecte lor asupra ţărilor lumii şi economiilor lor.Ca exemplu sunt luate ţările participante ale Uniunii Europe: România şi Bulgaria. Se analizează comerţul exterior a acestor ţări înainte de a deveni membru al uniunii regionale ş cele de după. Prin analiza acestor economii naţionale se fac concluzii referitor la importanţa participării Republicii Moldova în procesele de cooperarea şi apoi integrare economică regională cu organizaţii interstatale.

  4. "Pork-Barrel"-Politik und das regionale Wirtschaftswachstum. Empirische Evidenz für die Ukraine und Polen

    OpenAIRE

    Levoshko, Tamila

    2017-01-01

    Die vorliegende Studie untersucht erstmalig für die Ukraine und Polen, welche Verbindung zwischen der ‚pork-barrel‘-Politik und dem regionalen Wirtschaftswachstum besteht. Die empirische Analyse erfolgt auf regionaler Ebene für den Zeitraum 2004-2012 anhand des Fixed-Effects-Schätzers. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass zwischen ‚political affiliation‘ (der Zentral- und Regionalregierung) und dem regionalen Wirtschaftswachstum in der Ukraine ein negativer Zusammenhang besteht. Für Polen dagegen wird...

  5. Relief for the environment and for traffic through regional economies; Entlastung der Umwelt und des Verkehrs durch regionale Wirtschaftskreislaeufe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sprenger, R.U.; Arnold-Rothmaier, H.; Kiemer, K.; Pintarits, S.; Wackerbauer, J.

    2003-01-01

    Transport performance has outpaced the growth of real GDP in recent decades. By 20015 a further increase in transport performance of between 50% and 79% over 1997 is forecast. Strengthening regional economies is one way of structurally countering the trend of over-proportionally rising traffic flows in the long term. The study examines the links between economic and transport development at the regional level. Options are also presented for promoting regional economies, thereby decreasing the volume of inter-regional transport. (orig.) [German] Die Verkehrsleistung nahm in den letzten Jahrzehnten staerker zu als das reale Bruttoinlandsprodukt. Gegenueber 1997 wird bis zum Jahr 2015 eine weitere Steigerung der Verkehrsleistung auf der Strasse von 50% und 79% prognostiziert. Eine Staerkung regionaler Wirtschaftskreislaeufe wird als Mittel gesehen, um dem Trend ueberproportional steigender Verkehrsstroeme strukturell und langfristig entgegenzuwirken. In der Studie wurden die Zusammenhaenge zwischen wirtschaftlicher und verkehrlicher Entwicklung auf regionaler Ebene erforscht. Zudem werden Moeglichkeiten eroertert, die regionale Wirtschaftskreislaeufe foerdern und so das Volumen interregionaler Transporte verringern. (orig.)

  6. Dependencias regionales del turismo en la Isla de Cozumel, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Sánchez-Crispín

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo examina la dinámica territorial del turismo en la isla de Cozumel, al término del siglo XX. En la primera parte, se exponen los rasgos básicos de la economía del turismo en México para, en seguida, describir los elementos fundamentales de la geografía insular de Cozumel. En una segunda sección, se analizan los principales vínculos regionales de la isla que fueron determinados a partir del origen de los turistas y de los nexos comerciales entre Cozumel y otros territorios, la importancia de éstos debe ser considerada en un contexto de ausencia casi total de actividad agrícola e industrial local. En el futuro inmediato, esta isla mexicana incrementará los ya fuertes lazos con el exterior, en razón de la cantidad de personas y productos que llegan de fuera del país; esto será particularmente cierto en vista de un relativo declinar de Cancún como destino preferencial del turismo internacional en la península de Yucatán.

  7. Aproximación a las autoridades ambientales regionales en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugues Manuel Lacouture Daníes

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Colombia es un país conformado política y administrativamente por departamentos, distritos y municipios, sin embargo, las condiciones físicas, de clima, vegetación, recursos naturales, problemáticas ambientales, e incluso la idiosincrasia de sus habitantes, lo convierten en un país de regiones. Por tal motivo, la administración de los recursos naturales renovables, la planificación del crecimiento poblacional, problemas como la diversificación y aumento de los residuos generados, y el manejo, uso y aprovechamiento de los recursos naturales, son fenómenos que exigen autoridades ambientales regionalizadas con autonomía política y administrativa, personería jurídica propia, poderes coercitivos y sancionadores, capacidad de inversión, entre otras características. Este es un trabajo descriptivo, de interpretación y aplicación normativa, y es un aporte para la comprensión de la problemática ambiental regional en Colombia y una herramienta para el conocimiento de las Corporaciones Autónomas Regionales vistas dentro del Sistema Nacional Ambiental (SINA.

  8. DESARROLLO TERRITORIAL Y DESIGUALDADES REGIONALES EN LA PROVINCIA DE SANTA CRUZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro F. Schweitzer

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La Patagonia austral es un espacio con dinámicas migratorias muy fuertes particularmente luego del 2003 y un medio natural frágil, las actividades económicas, la oferta de servicios y las condiciones para la reproducción de la población se asientan en el aprovechamiento de una significativa dotación en recursos naturales distribuidos desigualmente y en mayor parte no renovables. La línea orientadora que se sigue en la ponencia es producto de la evolución de actividades de investigación y transferencia por parte de los autores en torno a las temáticas de las relaciones entre poderes y territorios, en particular en el campo del ordenamiento y el desarrollo territorial. Tomando como punto de partida conceptos clave como el de desarrollo territorial y analizando las estrategias y articulaciones de los grupos dominantes, el estado y sociedades en el área de estudio, en los últimos años y en aproximaciones desde distintas escalas, la ponencia apunta a analizar los proyectos de territorio a partir del estudio de las iniciativas hacia los territorios por parte del estado y las empresas y reflexionar sobre las situaciones conflictivas y las resistencias desde las sociedades regionales.

  9. Socializacio?n poli?tica y construccio?n de paz: una lectura en clave de educacio?n popular

    OpenAIRE

    Loaiza, Julia?n; Ospina, He?ctor Fabio; Rami?rez-Lo?pez, Camilo Andre?s

    2015-01-01

    En el presente capi?tulo planteamos el reconocimiento de otras formas de constitucio?n de subjetividades poli?ticas, desde las movilizaciones de accio?n colectiva de nin?os, nin?as y jo?venes por la paz y la noviolencia, entendidas estas como experiencias de educacio?n popular desde las cuales se instituyen otros modos de socializacio?n poli?tica, interpelando asi? las formas tradicionales de los escenarios de socializacio?n escolarizados y planteando retos en la construccio?n de nuevas democ...

  10. La politica della riserva federale dopo il 1979. (Federal Reserve policy since 1979

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. HAMBERG

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available L' articolo prende in considerazione la variazione degli strumenti di riserva federali che si sono verificati dal ottobre 1979. Prima di allora , la FED ha utilizzato riserve delle banche per stabilire un tasso di interesse che comporterebbe il livello desiderato della massa monetaria . Dopo il 1979 la FED ha sostituito il tasso dei fondi federali come variabile di controllo con il volume delle riserve bancarie . In linea di principio , a condizione che la volontà di adeguare i tassi di interesse quando lo stock di moneta è spento esiste  , le due politiche mostrano poca differenza . Quindi , la politica della Fed era più vicino al ancoraggio del tasso dei fondi federali che per usarlo come un controllo sulla quantità di denaro The article considers the change in the federal reserve instruments that occurred since October 1979. Before then, the FED used bank reserves to establish an interest rate that would result in the desired level of the money stock. After 1979 the FED replaced the federal funds rate as its control variable with the volume of bank reserves. In principal, provided the will to adjust interest rates when the money stock is off target exists, two policies show little difference. Critics of the Fed’s policy prior to 1979 often confuse principal with practice. Then, Fed policy was closer to pegging the federal funds rate than to using it as a control over the quantity of money. JEL: E58, E43

  11. Hybrid system: Heat pump-solar air dryer for grains; Sistema hibrido: bomba de calor - calentador solar de aire para el secado de productos agricolas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soto Gomez, Willfredo [Instituto Tecnologico de Tijuana, Tijuana (Mexico); Ortega Herrera, Jose Angel [Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    Design, building, operation and evaluation energy wise of a hybrid experimental type, with heat pump, that uses no chloride, does not destroy the ozone layer. It is solar air dryer for grains. In this research we dry rice. It has tree systems: 1.- A mechanical compression heat pump, 2.- An air solar heater, and 3.- An agriculture products dryer. The drying capacity is 20 pounds of grain /day, with a median daily solar radiation. The costs is approximately U.S. $ 6 000.00. The heat pump used 22 refrigerant first, and now works with refrigerant SUVA 9000. This refrigerant will be available this year in the I.S., it is one of the ecological class that substitutes the chlorofluorocarbonates. [Spanish] Se disena, construye, opera, y evalua energeticamente, un sistema hibrido tipo experimental, con bomba de calor que utiliza refrigerante que no contiene cloro, y no destruye la capa de ozono y un calentador solar de aire, para secar granos. En este trabajo secamos arroz. Se compone de tres sistemas: 1.- Bomba de calor por compresion mecanica, 2.- Calentador solar de aire, 3.- Secador de productos agricolas. La capacidad de secado es de 10 Kilos de granos/dia promedio. Tiene un costo aproximado de $ 60 000. La bomba de calor utiliza refrigerante 22 en una primera generacion, y actualmente opera con un refrigerante SUVA 9000, en una segunda generacion, este refrigerante se comercializara en este ano, en la Union Americana, pertenece a la familia de los llamados refrigerantes ecologicos, sustitutos de los clorofluorocarbonados.

  12. Variaciones regionales de la mortalidad por homicidios en Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Guadalupe Vega-López

    Full Text Available El presente estudio busca describir las variaciones regionales de la mortalidad por homicidios en el estado de Jalisco, México, en 1989-1991, 1994-1996 y 1999-2000, analizando a su vez el comportamiento de la tasa de homicidios según género y estratos de bienestar socioeconómico. A partir de la información sobre mortalidad generada por el Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía y Informática, se calcularon tasas ajustadas por edad y género e índices de sobremortalidad masculina. Además, se calcularon razones de tasa y su intervalo de confianza (95%. Los resultados reflejan que la tasa de homicidios presenta una tendencia decreciente en los años 90; que existe un patrón regional de la mortalidad por homicidios, observándose las tasas más altas en regiones periféricas del estado consideradas entre las más pobres; que los municipios ubicados en el estrato de bienestar más bajo presentan un exceso de mortalidad por homicidios estadísticamente significativo, y que hay una evidente sobremortalidad masculina por esta causa. Aspectos como los antes descritos implican tareas y desafíos para la salud pública y para los organismos encargados de preservar la ley y el orden, entre ellos la necesidad de implementar políticas intersectoriales diferenciadas, que tomen en consideración las particularidades que rodean al homicidio y al crimen violento en Jalisco.

  13. Variaciones regionales de la mortalidad por homicidios en Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vega-López María Guadalupe

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio busca describir las variaciones regionales de la mortalidad por homicidios en el estado de Jalisco, México, en 1989-1991, 1994-1996 y 1999-2000, analizando a su vez el comportamiento de la tasa de homicidios según género y estratos de bienestar socioeconómico. A partir de la información sobre mortalidad generada por el Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía y Informática, se calcularon tasas ajustadas por edad y género e índices de sobremortalidad masculina. Además, se calcularon razones de tasa y su intervalo de confianza (95%. Los resultados reflejan que la tasa de homicidios presenta una tendencia decreciente en los años 90; que existe un patrón regional de la mortalidad por homicidios, observándose las tasas más altas en regiones periféricas del estado consideradas entre las más pobres; que los municipios ubicados en el estrato de bienestar más bajo presentan un exceso de mortalidad por homicidios estadísticamente significativo, y que hay una evidente sobremortalidad masculina por esta causa. Aspectos como los antes descritos implican tareas y desafíos para la salud pública y para los organismos encargados de preservar la ley y el orden, entre ellos la necesidad de implementar políticas intersectoriales diferenciadas, que tomen en consideración las particularidades que rodean al homicidio y al crimen violento en Jalisco.

  14. Nuevos contenidos educativos en las televisiones regionales: el proyecto de Canal Sur Televisión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Olmo López

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Desde sus comienzos, en la década de 1990, la programación infantil y juvenil fue un pilar fundamental de las programaciones televisivas de los operadores autonómicos. El concepto de Servicio Público, y el fomento de los valores educativos ha estado claramente definido en todas las leyes de creación.Los autores proponen un análisis del papel de los medios de comunicación públicos como dinamizadores de los procesos educativos reglados. Y para ello tras realizan un repaso por algunos de los principales académicos en esta materia analizan el caso concreto de la televisión autonómica de Andalucía RTVA. El contexto audiovisual del país en la década de los 90 propiciaba este tipo de iniciativas educativas. Estas señas de identidad se ha ido reduciendo con el paso de los años, por tres factores fundamentales: la necesidad de buscar audiencias masivas, la fragmentación televisiva y la aparición de nuevos soportes a través de internet.Sin embargo, Las televisiones regionales siguen manteniendo un elevado valor de marca y por tanto una gran capacidad de conectar con las audiencias educativas. Su capacidad de generar comunicación y su proximidad a la comunidad educativa les permite tener una respuesta rápida y muy participativa.En el caso analizado por los autores se puede observar como desde la Radio y Televisión autonómica de Andalucía se ha conseguido implementar nuevas ideas educativas con ayuda de las nuevas tecnologías que han conseguido elevados niveles de participación en los centros escolares.

  15. Research policy in European Union; La politica di ricerca dell'Unione Europea. Elementi di riferimento sulla partecipazione italiana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    The research and technological development policy of european union aim to have more competition of enterprises an socio-economic growth of member countries in the respect of quality of life. [Italian] La politica di ricerca e di sviluppo tecnologico (RST) dell' Unione Europea si pone l'obiettivo di fondo di rafforzare le basi scientifiche e tecnologiche dell'Europa e dunque di contribuire allo sviluppo della competitivita' delle imprese e del tessuto scientifico europeo promuovendo, in un'ottica complessiva, la crescita socio economica e la qualita' della vita dei cittadini d'Europa.

  16. Tradiciones performativas regionales y discurso nacional: Sonora en el repertorio del Ballet Folklórico de México

    OpenAIRE

    Diana Brenscheidt genannt Jost

    2017-01-01

    Se busca indagar la influencia del nacionalismo posrevolucionario y los diferentes discursos regionales que se le contraponen. S e estudia una tradición escénic a y musical mexicana particular surgida a mediados del s iglo XX : el Ballet Folk lórico de México de Amalia Hernández, lo que permite describir la interrelación (así como el conflic to y el entrecruzamiento) entre el discurso escénico nacional, regional y su respe ctivo marco de competencia....

  17. El papel de los sistemas regionales de innovación en ciudades región globales

    OpenAIRE

    Henry Caicedo Asprilla

    2011-01-01

    Este documento es el resultado de una revisión de la literatura de los trabajos que intentan buscar el nexo entre los sistemas regionales de innovación y desarrollo de las ciudades región globales, y su propósito es mostrar que existe una complementariedad entre estos dos marcos de análisis y la pertinencia que tiene esta en la construcción de la política del desarrollo regional y urbano. Del análisis de los trabajos sobre este par de conceptos se advierte que la falta de una definición unive...

  18. Regional energy supply in 1996/1997. Progress report of the working pool of regional power supply companies (ARE e.V.); Regionale Energieversorgung 1996-1997. Taetigkeitsbericht der Arbeitsgemeinschaft regionaler Energieversorgungs-Unternehmen - ARE - e.V

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-04-01

    Generally speaking the present report deals with the regional power supply as part of the whole economy. In this connection it also addresses issues of economic development. The following topics are covered in its report on the activities of ARE since the annual meeting of 1996; energy policy, regional supply in the new Laender, European common market for electricity and natural gas, energy-economic law, special provisions under cartel law concerning public utilities. The report concludes with a description of the organisation of ARE (tasks and aims, members, executive board, management, committees, headquarters). (RHM) [Deutsch] Gegenstand des Berichtes ist zunaechst die regionale Energieversorgung im Rahmen der Gesamtwirtschaft. Dabei wird sowohl auf die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung als auf die regionale Energieversorgung eingegangen. Anschliessend wird ein Ueberblick ueber die Taetigkeit des ARE seit der Jahrestagung 1996 gegeben. Dabei werden Aktivitaeten in den Bereichen Energiepolitik, Regionalversorgung in den neuen Bundeslaendern, europaeischer Binnenmarkt fuer Elektrizitaet und Gas, Energiewirtschaftsrecht sowie kartellrechtlicher Ausnahmebereich Versorgungswirtschaft behandelt. Abschliessend wird die Organisation der ARE (Aufgaben und Ziele, Mitglieder, Vorstand, Geschaeftsfuehrung, Ausschuesse, Geschaeftsstelle) beschrieben. (RHM)

  19. Regional energy supply in 1994/1995. Progress report of the working pool of regional power supply companies (ARE e.V.); Regionale Energieversorgung 1994/1995. Taetigkeitsbericht der Arbeitsgemeinschaft regionaler Energieversorgungs-Unternehmen - ARE - e.V

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-04-01

    Generally speaking the present report deals with the regional power supply as part of the whole economy. In this connection it also addresses issues of economic development. The following topics are covered in its report on the activities of ARE since the annual meeting of 1994; energy policy, regional supply in the new Laender, European common market for electricity, energy-economic law, special provisions under cartel law concerning public utilities. The report concludes with a description of the organisation of ARE (tasks and aims, members, executive board, management, committees, headquarters). (RHM) [Deutsch] Gegenstand des Berichtes ist zunaechst die regionale Energieversorgung im Rahmen der Gesamtwirtschaft. Dabei wird sowohl auf die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung als auf die regionale Energieversorgung eingegangen. Anschliessend wird ein Ueberblick ueber die Taetigkeit des ARE seit der Jahrestagung 1994 gegeben. Dabei werden Aktivitaeten in den Bereichen Energiepolitik, Regionalversorgung in den neuen Bundeslaendern, europaeischer Binnenmarkt fuer Elektrizitaet, Energiewirtschaftsrecht sowie kartellrechtlicher Ausnahmebereich Versorgungswirtschaft behandelt. Abschliessend wird die Organisation der ARE (Aufgaben und Ziele, Mitglieder, Vorstand, Geschaeftsfuehrung, Ausschuesse, Geschaeftsstelle) beschrieben. (RHM)

  20. Competitividad regional y reconcentración industrial: el futuro de las desigualdades regionales en Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Roberto Azzoni

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available La industria tradicionalmente ha mostrado una alta concentración en Brasil, pero una tendencia hacia la desconcentración se manifestó a partir de 1970. Datos recientes muestran los importantes cambios que se han producido en este país, exhibiéndose un retroceso en la tendencia anterior. En este trabajo se presenta una medida de competitividad para diferentes regiones aplicando el modelo de salario de eficiencia de Kaldor. Se analizaron una serie de datos sobre manufacturas para las regiones con base en la actualización del censo industrial de 1985. Basados en estos datos, se calcularon indicadores comparativos de productividad del trabajo, salarios y ganancia para sectores manufactureros de dos digitos. Los resultados indican un cambio en la tendencia de competitividad regional, manteniendo el principal sector industrial del país su ventaja relativa desde 1985 en adelante. En las conclusiones se sugiere que este retroceso en la tendencia hacia la desconcentración industrial apunta a la mantención de desigualdades regionales en Brasil en el futuro próximo. Finalmente son discutidos algunos factores explicativos sobre este procesoIndustry is traditionally highly concentrated in Brasil, but a trend toward deconcentration was in progress from 1970 on. Recent data shows that important changes have occurred, with a reversal in the previous trend. In this paper a measure of competitiveness for different regions is presented, based on Kaldor´s model of efficiency wages. A series of data on manufacturing for the regions is developed, updating the 1985 industrial census. Based on this data, comparative indicators of labor productivity, wages and profitability for 2 digit manufacturing sectors are calculated. The results indicate a change in the trend of regional competitiveness, with the industrial core of the country keeping their relative advantage from 1985 on. The findings suggest that the reversal in the trend towards industrial

  1. Las fronteras regionales: La materia de migraciones en la Geopolítica contemporánea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zampeta Papadodima

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente artículo es un estudio comparativo sobre la migración actual en las fronterasexternas de países embarcados en procesos de integración regional. Tiene como propósito reflexionar sobre las actuales reconfiguraciones fronterizas en torno a estos procesos y al interior de los mismos. Para ello focalizaremos en los mecanismos y políticas de integración que revelan las transformaciones de las fronteras tradicionales a través de la comparación entre las políticas de migración extrarregional de tres procesos regionales paradigmáticos (U.E.: Unión Europea, TLCAN: Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte y MERCOSUR: Mercado Común del Sur de América, explorando estas nuevas fronteras regionales desde la óptica de las políticas relativas a la movilidad humana y los contextos nacionales en que se realizan.

  2. Externalidades regionales y la provisión de bienes públicos en un sistema descentralizado de gobiernos subnacionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Alberto Ponce Rodríguez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se desarrolla un modelo electoral de votos probabilísticos para racionalizar la provisión de bienes públicos locales en un sistema descentralizado de gobiernos locales autónomos. En nuestra economía, la heterogeneidad de preferencias por bienes públicos conlleva a un problema de elección social que es resuelto mediante una elección estatal. El modelo teórico sugiere una serie de proposiciones sobre los determinantes del gasto público que pueden ser verificadas empíricamente. En particular, el modelo sugiere que si los bienes públicos no muestran externalidades regionales, el gasto del gobierno es explicado por la distribución del ingreso y la población en la entidad. Si los bienes públicos muestran externalidades regionales, la distribución del ingreso y el costo de los bienes públicos a lo largo de la economía (y no sólo de la entidad determinan el gasto público estatal. El modelo también permite identificaralgunas configuraciones del ingreso en la economía que pueden llevar a asimetrías en la oferta de bienes públicos que resultan de una reducción en el promedio del costo per cápita de los bienes públicos.

  3. Il “caso”, la vita e le sue condizioni: Per una antropologia politica del welfare state in Italia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimiliano Minelli

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In questo articolo vengono analizzate da una prospettiva etnografica le forme di assistenza sociale rivolte ad anziani con disabilità attraverso una definizione politica del welfare oggi in Italia. Lo spazio dell’assistenza sanitaria che tende a essere standardizzato secondo parametri biomedici, burocratici ed economico-amministrativi, viene osservato concentrandosi sull’agency sviluppata nell'interazione tra assistenti sociali, care givers e utenti tra la casa, il sistema sanitario e le cooperative sociali di servizi. In questo modo, sono prese in esame le esperienze quotidiane nella sfera intima della casa del paziente e le catene di interazione che si svolgono nella sfera pubblica. Sulla base di questa analisi, ci proponiamo di ripensare la vulnerabilità vissuta da tutti i soggetti coinvolti in relazione al riconoscimento dei diritti e alla partecipazione politica. Il caso di studio ci permette di interrogare antropologicamente la questione sociale in relazione alle recenti trasformazioni del mercato del lavoro. Il lavoro sociale coinvolto nella definizione di un caso è infatti un momento cruciale nella lotta per il riconoscimento. In tali circostanze le persone espongono e condividono gli eventi legati al proprio corpo e alla sofferenza sociale, al fine di vedere riconosciute e legittimate richieste in cui è in discussione il diritto di esistere, dove è in gioco la vita stessa.

  4. The United States and Cuba: Past, Present and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-04-01

    Hernandez Perez, “Ponencia al Encuentro de Cooperativas Independientes: Politica de Precios y Compra de los Productos Agricolas por Parte del Estado...articulo.html/;Internet. Perez, Hernandez Reynaldo. “Ponencia al Encuentro de Cooperativas Independientes: Politica de Precios y Compra de los Productos

  5. AS CONVERSAS NAS PRODUÇÕES DE POLITICAS CURRICULARES COTIDIANAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allan Rodrigues

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available O texto parte de pesquisa que entende a produção cotidiana dos currículos e práticas docentes como centrais para o estudo dos processos e contextos da formação de professores e para o debate sobre a produção de políticas curriculares a partir das professoras da rede municipal de São Gonçalo/RJ. Discute as produções dos currículos buscando compreendê-las no contexto do cotidiano da politica curricular expressa por narrativas de professores do mesmo município. Ao estudar tais produções, reflete sobre os aspectos metodológicos para a pesquisa e as ações com a formação docente e com as políticas cotidianas de produção dos currículos comprometidas com a justiça social. Compreende as práticas docentes que produzem os currículos no cotidiano, bem como as narrativas como produções potenciais para reabilitar os sentimentos e as paixões enquanto forças mobilizadoras da transformação social (SANTOS, 1995. Corrobora a compreensão sobre os diálogos entre os professores e entre as escolas e universidades como ferramenta que potencializa deslocamentos e produções de outros-novos saberes nas negociações de sentidos com os currículos e na tessitura das redes de fazeressaberes docentes. As narrativas de professoras formam o corpus da pesquisa foram registradas em vídeo e estudadas, evidenciando: processos de interlocução e produção de saberes docentes; práticas mais coletivas e solidárias na produção dos conhecimentos nos currículos e importantes questionamentos quanto à justiça social e cognitiva.

  6. LA INCIDENCIA DE LOS ENTORNOS REGIONALES SOBRE LAS RESTRICCIONES FINANCIERAS EN PEQUEÑAS Y MEDIANAS EMPRESAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariluz Maté Sánchez-Val

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El principal objetivo de este artículo es estudiar la heterogeneidad regional en las restricciones financieras sufridas por la pequeña y mediana empresas (pyme. Para ello, se desarrolló una aplicación empírica con una muestra de pyme españolas, proponiendo un modelo de acceso financiero y diferenciando entre dos regiones. Las estimaciones se realizan mediante modelos probit dinámicos con datos de panel. Los resultados confirman la importancia de incluir esa diferenciación regional. En concreto, se encontró que en la región menos desarrollada, las características específicas de las empresas de reducido tamaño no son tan importantes para determinar la probabilidad de tener restricciones financieras como las propias condiciones regionales donde la empresa tenga su sede.

  7. Hacia una taxonomía de los sistemas regionales de innovación en México

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    Cuitláhuac Valdez-Lafarga

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se examina el nivel de heterogeneidad de las entidades federativas mexicanas en cuanto a su potencial y desempeño como sistemas de innovación. El objetivo central es la clasificación de los sistemas regionales de innovación (sri, en el contexto de las entidades federativas, a partir de una serie de indicadores correspondientes a sus condiciones socioeconómicas e institucionales, así como a sus capacidades y resultados en innovación. Mediante análisis de clusters se muestra la existencia de seis tipos de sri en México, con fortalezas y debilidades distintivas, en términos de las dimensiones de innovación propuestas.

  8. Los flujos financieros regionales en la España del siglo XX: una perspectiva desde la historia bancaria

    OpenAIRE

    José Luis García Ruiz

    2003-01-01

    RESUMEN En un país con problemas de escasez de recursos de capital, como España, conocer los orígenes y destinos regionales de los flujos financieros parece una cuestión de gran interés a la hora de explicar el grado de desarrollo experimentado a ese nivel. En este trabajo, se intenta estudiar los efectos de la distribución regional de los depósitos y los créditos del sistema financiero español a lo largo del siglo XX, siguiendo la metodología del cálculo de tasas de cobertura. ABSTRACT In...

  9. ¿Existen dinámicas regionales que generen pobreza?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2002-01-01

    como ventajosas, tales como los niveles bajos de fecundidad. Este artículo plantea la hipótesis de la existencia de dinámicas regionales -vinculadas con políticas y mercados nacionales y mundiales- en las que la población se involucra a través de sus redes, las cuales relacionan territorios muy distintos entre sí: ciudades y campos, alturas y valles. Por lo tanto, los hogares pobres no lo son solamente como resultado de sus propias características o de las de su lugar de residencia principal, sino también porque estas dinámicas de mayor amplitud no tienen siempre, posiblemente debido al centralismo, efectos virtuosos e incluso pueden generar efectos perversos como la poca escolarización de los jóvenes. In 2001, for first time, the Peruvian National Institute of Statistics and Informatics elaborated an indicator of “monetary poverty”, with representative values at a departmental level. This indicator no longer evaluates the existence of services and infrastructures in the places of main residence of households, nor their characteristics and those of the individuals who make them up, but their capacity for generating income. Maps made on this basis are surprising. The North Coast, for instance, appears as quite “poor” despite of features generally considered as favorable, such as low fecundity rates. In this article, I suggest the existence of regional dynamics -connected to national and global policies and markets- in which people participate through their own networks linking very different territories -cities and countryside, highlands and lowlands-. Hence, poor households are poor not only because of characteristics of their own or of their main place of residence, but also because these regional dynamics do not always have -perhaps due to centralism- virtuous effects and can even generate perverse ones, like low school attendance rates among young people.

  10. [Jörg Hackmann (Hrsg.). Vereinskultur und Zivilgesellschaft in Nordosteuropa : regionale Spezifik und europäische Zusammenhänge = Associational culture and civil society in North Eastern Europe : regional features and the European context] / Rüdi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ritter, Rüdiger

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Vereinskultur und Zivilgesellschaft in Nordosteuropa : regionale Spezifik und europäische Zusammenhänge = Associational culture and civil society in North Eastern Europe : regional features and the European context. Wien: Böhlau Verlag 2012

  11. El impacto del apoyo público a la I+D empresarial: Un análisis comparativo entre las subvenciones estatales y regionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José García Quevedo

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se examinan los efectos de la financiación pública de las actividades de I+D realizadas por las empresas españolas en el período 1998- 2005. A pesar de la creciente literatura en el ámbito de la evaluación de las políticas de innovación, pocos trabajos distinguen entre las acciones implementadas por las administraciones centrales y regionales. Tras una breve revisión de la literatura, se analizan las variables determinantes del proceso de concesión de fondos públicos centrales y regionales y el impacto de los mismos sobre el esfuerzo innovador empresarial. La evidencia empírica presentada permite comparar los objetivos y los efectos de la política tecnológica estatal y regional.

  12. El impacto del apoyo público a la I+D empresarial: Un análisis comparativo entre las subvenciones estatales y regionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José García Quevedo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se examinan los efectos de la financiación pública de las actividades de I+D realizadas por las empresas españolas en el período 1998- 2005. A pesar de la creciente literatura en el ámbito de la evaluación de las políticas de innovación, pocos trabajos distinguen entre las acciones implementadas por las administraciones centrales y regionales. Tras una breve revisión de la literatura, se analizan las variables determinantes del proceso de concesión de fondos públicos centrales y regionales y el impacto de los mismos sobre el esfuerzo innovador empresarial. La evidencia empírica presentada permite comparar los objetivos y los efectos de la política tecnológica estatal y regional.

  13. Policies for energy performance and use of renewable sources in Brazil; Politicas para el rendimiento energetico y uso de fuentes renovables en Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geller, Howard; Schaeffer, Roberto; Szklo, Alexandre; Tolmasquim, Mauricio [Southwest Energy Efficiency Proyect, CO (United States)

    2005-04-15

    The objectives for the tendencies and the energy policy in Brazil are presented along with 12 policy options searching advancement in the efficient use of energy and renewable energy. The policies are analyzed by a group of experts in relation to their impacts on source and demand of total energy as well as CO{sub 2} emissions. It is concluded that the policies will offer a wide range of advantages for Brazil, including the reduction of requirements for the investment in the energy sector, the reduction of the import as well as of the CO{sub 2} emissions and the granting of social benefits. Since Brazil looks forward to diversify its sources, reduce its dependency on imports and diminish the inefficiency and energy cost, its policies are focused to the adoption of energy standards for new commercial constructions, to the use extension of wind power and combined heat and energy systems and to stimulate the CHP systems using bagasse and other sugar cane products. [Spanish] Se muestran los objetivos de las tendencias y la politica energetica en Brasil junto con 12 opciones de politicas para avanzar en el uso eficiente de energeticos y de la energia renovable. Las politicas son analizadas por un grupo de expertos en relacion con sus impactos en fuente y demanda de energia totales, asi como emisiones de CO{sub 2}. Se concluye que las politicas ofreceran una amplia gama de ventajas para Brasil, incluyendo la reduccion de requisitos para la inversion en el sector energia, el descenso tanto de la importacion como de las emisiones de CO{sub 2} y el otorgamiento de beneficios sociales. Dado que Brasil busca diversificar sus fuentes, reducir su dependencia de la importacion y disminuir la ineficacia y gasto de la energia, sus politicas estan enfocadas a la adopcion de estandares de energia para nuevas construcciones comerciales, la ampliacion del uso de los sistemas combinados de calor y energia, usar el poder del viento y estimular los sistemas de CHP usando bagazo y otros

  14. El papel de los sistemas regionales de innovación en ciudades región globales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Caicedo Asprilla

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este documento es el resultado de una revisión de la literatura de los trabajos que intentan buscar el nexo entre los sistemas regionales de innovación y desarrollo de las ciudades región globales, y su propósito es mostrar que existe una complementariedad entre estos dos marcos de análisis y la pertinencia que tiene esta en la construcción de la política del desarrollo regional y urbano. Del análisis de los trabajos sobre este par de conceptos se advierte que la falta de una definición universalmente aceptada de región es el principal obstáculo para lograr integrarlos en las agendas de política regional; no obstante las investigaciones evidencian que los spillovers, los servicios intensivos en conocimiento y el diseño de política científica y tecnológica son los mecanismos a través de los cuales el conocimiento y la innovación se integran en el desarrollo regional. En esta perspectiva de análisis se concluye que las ciudades región globales como New York, Londres, Tokyo, Madrid, Milán, Sydney, entre otras son los principales nodos de comercio debido al uso intensivo que hacen del conocimiento.

  15. Escenarios mundiales y regionales de la educación superior Global and regional scenarios of higher education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco López Segrera

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo presenta un análisis y un ejercicio prospectivo de posibles escenarios y alternativas globales de la educación superior, de entre ellos: modelo tradicional; modelo de libre mercado; educación permanente; red global de instituciones; desaparición de las universidades. Estos escenarios tienen relaciones con el desarrollo de temas de largo contexto, como la globaliazación, la sociedad del conocimiento, las redes de cooperación regionales, la educación permanente y sobre todo los desdoblamientos de la disputa respecto al significado de la educación superior como bien público o comercio rentable.The article presents an analysis and a prospective exercise of possible global scenarios and alternatives for higher education, such as: traditional model; free market model; permanent education; global chain of institutions; disappearance of the universities. These scenarios are related to the development of the large context topics, such as globalization, the society of knowledge, the chains of regional cooperation, permanent education and all the unfoldings of the dispute on the meaning of higher education as a public good or a profitable business.

  16. Tradiciones performativas regionales y discurso nacional: Sonora en el repertorio del Ballet Folklórico de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Brenscheidt genannt Jost

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Se busca indagar la influencia del nacionalismo posrevolucionario y los diferentes discursos regionales que se le contraponen. S e estudia una tradición escénic a y musical mexicana particular surgida a mediados del s iglo XX : el Ballet Folk lórico de México de Amalia Hernández, lo que permite describir la interrelación (así como el conflic to y el entrecruzamiento entre el discurso escénico nacional, regional y su respe ctivo marco de competencia. Desde una perspectiva etnocultural, estética y performativa, apoyada en entrevistas y estudios de caso, se retoma el lugar de Sonora en el program a del ballet, específicamente la Danza del venado y el repertorio denominado “Sonora bronco”. Se analizan aspectos como la disposición corporal, la vestimenta o el estilo, que ponen de manifiesto diferencias y adaptaciones, así como la negociación continua entre el discurso nacional homogene izante y la identidad regional que lo cuestiona.

  17. Educación y arquitectura: Centros Regionales de Educación Normal en México, 1960.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Rueda Velazquez

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available En México, en 1960, se puso en marcha “El plan de once años” promovido por el entonces Secretario de Educación Pública Jaime Torres. Este programa pretendía resarcir las carencias de la educación básica en México, mediante la construcción de escuelas primarias y la re-estructuración de la formación de los docentes. El programa previó dos sedes pilotos de Centros Regionales de Educación Normal en donde se formarían los maestros desde una visión holística. Ambos centros fueron concebidos como espacios que promoverían la transformación en la cultura y educación regional. Este artículo se centra en estos dos planteles que dan respuesta a una línea de pensamiento. La metodología que se utiliza es un análisis comparativo del programa, ideología y pedagogía del plan de estudios versus el proyecto arquitectónico. Esto lleva a explicar el papel de la arquitectura moderna en el proceso de renovación de la educación en México.

  18. Aspettative. Corsi dei cambi a termine e riflessi sulla politica monetaria. (Expectations, foreign exchange forwards and reflections on monetary policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. FERRO

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available L'articolo fornisce un'analisi preliminare sui rapporti che si possono stabilire tra i tassi di cambio a termine e i tassi di cambio secondo le aspettative di diverse ipotesi . Gli autori evidenziano le implicazioni di politica monetaria che i vari tipi di aspettative comportano. Per verificare in particolare il ruolo delle aspettative nella determinazione dei tassi di cambio, si procederà attraverso un paio di semplici test empirici che si riferiscono al prezzo a termine del marco tedesco contro la sterlina sul mercato di Francoforte nei primi quattro mesi del 1976.The paper provides preliminary analysis on the relationships that can be established between the rates of the forward exchange rate and the spot exchange rates at the various expectations hypothesis. The authors go on to highlight the implications of monetary policy that the various kinds of expectations entail. To test specifically the role of expectations in the determination of exchange rates at the end we will proceed through a couple of simple empirical tests that refer to the spot and forward prices of the Deutsche Mark against the pound on the Frankfurt market in the first four months of 1976. JEL: E52, E42, F31

  19. Aspettative. Corsi dei cambi a termine e riflessi sulla politica monetaria. (Expectations, foreign exchange forwards and reflections on monetary policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. FERRO

    1977-06-01

    Full Text Available L'articolo fornisce un'analisi preliminare sui rapporti che si possono stabilire tra i tassi di cambio a termine e i tassi di cambio secondo le aspettative di diverse ipotesi . Gli autori evidenziano le implicazioni di politica monetaria che i vari tipi di aspettative comportano. Per verificare in particolare il ruolo delle aspettative nella determinazione dei tassi di cambio, si procederà attraverso un paio di semplici test empirici che si riferiscono al prezzo a termine del marco tedesco contro la sterlina sul mercato di Francoforte nei primi quattro mesi del 1976. The paper provides preliminary analysis on the relationships that can be established between the rates of the forward exchange rate and the spot exchange rates at the various expectations hypothesis. The authors go on to highlight the implications of monetary policy that the various kinds of expectations entail. To test specifically the role of expectations in the determination of exchange rates at the end we will proceed through a couple of simple empirical tests that refer to the spot and forward prices of the Deutsche Mark against the pound on the Frankfurt market in the first four months of 1976. JEL: E52, E42, F31

  20. Politica bancaria e sviluppo economico: rileggendo l'era menichelliana e quella attuale (Banking policy and economic development: re-reading the menichellian era and the present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Sarcinelli

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Il basso tasso di crescita dell’Italia, anche nel contesto internazionale ed europeo, ha spinto a confrontare gli anni ’50 con gli ultimi dieci o quindici. Dall’analisi emerge che, se si esclude l’iniziale liberalizzazione del commercio internazionale, il periodo che vide la più vigorosa crescita dell’Italia fu caratterizzato dall’economia mista, da monopoli pubblici e posizioni private dominanti, da una politica monetaria e bancaria basata su controlli diretti ed esercizi di persuasione morale individuale, tutte condizioni oggi ritenute sfavorevoli alla crescita. Al contrario, nella fase attuale l’enfasi è stata sul modello di economia liberale, con liberalizzazioni, privatizzazioni di imprese produttive e di banche, politiche incentrate sugli incentivi e sul mercato. Purtroppo, la scienza economica non ha ancora trovato il paradigma generale che spiega la ricchezza delle nazioni a prescindere dal contesto e dagli uomini che lo animano.  The low growth rate of Italy, also in international and European context, has led to compare the 50s with the last ten or fifteen. The analysis shows that, apart from the initial liberalization of international trade, the period that saw the most vigorous growth in Italy was characterized from a mixed economy, with public monopolies and dominant positions private, from a monetary and banking policy based of direct controls and exercises of individual moral suasion, all conditions previously deemed unfavorable to growth. On the contrary, at this stage the emphasis was on the model of liberal economy, with liberalization, privatization of productive enterprises and banks, policies based on incentives and market. Unfortunately, the economic science has not yet found a general paradigm that explains the wealth of nations regardless of the context and the men who animate it. JEL Codes: B31, E65, N14, O10Keywords: tasso di crescita, commercio internazionale, politica monetaria, politica bancaria

  1. Il “modello emiliano” da Giuseppe Dozza a Pier Luigi Bersani. Video-saggio tra comunicazione e propaganda politica (1946–2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sante Cruciani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Nella storia dell’Italia repubblicana, il “modello emiliano” ha costituito la carta d’identità dell’azione riformatrice dei comunisti nel governo locale e regionale. La fortuna internazionale di questa esperienza ha accompagnato le strategie del “compromesso storico” e dell’“eurocomunismo” e il dialogo tra il Pci e la sinistra europea. Questo video si sofferma sulla costruzione mediatica del “modello emiliano”.

  2. Educ-Acción popular en la ciudad de Salta: teatro comunitario y orquesta de instrumentos regionales latinoamericanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Cruz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: La recuperación de experiencias educativas comunitarias en temas ambientales, artísticos y humanísticos es un objetivo de la Cátedra de Educación Popular, materia optativa de la carrera de Ciencias de la Educación de la Universidad Nacional de Salta. En este trabajo sistematizamos dos experiencias comunitarias –relevadas en el año 2013- en donde lo artístico se constituye como eje de la propuesta educativa. La tarea de sistematización que desarrollamos aquí busca poner en palabras el carácter reflexivo que sostiene la praxis del teatro comunitario y de la Orquesta de Instrumentos regionales latinoamericanos como escenarios de la educación popular en marcha en el territorio de la ciudad de Salta. Palabras clave: Educación Popular, sistematización de experiencias, arte y ambiente.   Abstract: One of the objectives of the Popular Education Lecture, an elective subject of the major in Education Sciences at National University of Salta, is the recovery of community educational experiences in environmental, artistic, and humanistic issues. Two community experiences, which were carried out in 2013 and which had the artistic axis as the basis for the educational proposal, were systematized in this work.The task of systematization that was developed here seeks to put into words the reflective nature that supports the praxis of community theater and the Orchestra of Latin American regional instruments as scenarios of popular education implemented in the territory of the city of Salta. Key words: Popular Education, systematization of experiences, art and environment.

  3. Utilization of agricultural sugar cane wastes as fuel in modern cogeneration systems applied in sugar cane mills; Aprovechamiento de los residuos agricolas caneras como combustible en sistemas de cogeneracion modernos aplicados a ingenios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buendia Dominguez, Eduardo H. [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico); De Buen Rodriguez, Odon [Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de la Energia, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1998-12-31

    Considering the new legal frame on cogeneration in Mexico, the possibility of heat and electricity supply required by the sugar mills to be made by an independent cogenerator of the sugar mill, operating with the sugar cane bagasse and agricultural sugar cane wastes, has been evaluated. Such modern cogenerator would be characterized, besides operating in an independent way of the sugar mill, by the use of high efficiency equipment in its process of heat and electricity generation. In this sense the Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia (CONAE) through its Coordination Program and the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE) carried out a joint project to determine the technical and economical viability that the sugar industry maintains the present sugar production without the need of burning fuel oil, installing adjacent to every sugar mill, a modern cogeneration system, operated by independent producers, that using sugar cane bagasse and agricultural sugar cane wastes, allows the supply of all the steam and electricity required by the sugar mill, and additionally can add firm capacity and the supply of electric power to the national grid, during the grinding season as well as out of grinding season. [Espanol] En consideracion al nuevo marco juridico de la cogeneracion en Mexico se ha evaluado la posibilidad de que el suministro de calor y electricidad requerido por los ingenios azucareros sea proporcionado por un cogenerador independiente de la planta de azucar, el cual opere utilizando el bagazo y residuos agricolas caneras (biomasa canera). Dicho cogenerador moderno se caracterizaria, ademas de operar de manera independiente a la planta de azucar, por el uso de equipos de alta eficiencia en su proceso de produccion de calor y electricidad. En este sentido la Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia (CONAE) a traves de la Coordinacion de Programacion y el Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE) realizaron un trabajo en conjunto para determinar

  4. Análisis de las estrategias utilizadas por las televisoras regionales frente al proceso de globalización: Casos NCTV Zulia y Televiza

    OpenAIRE

    Sheila Rincón

    2000-01-01

    El objeto de estudio es el análisis de las estrategias utilizadas por las televisoras regionales Niños Cantores Televisión Zulia y Televiza frente el proceso de globalización. Los resultados obtenidos sugieren la presencia de algunos componentes de la planificación estratégica a nivel informal mientras que la competitividad es asumida mediante el mejoramiento de la calidad del producto/servicio, la adquisición de nuevas tecnologías, la innovación y las alianzas estratégicas. Las recomendacion...

  5. La Evolución de la Pobreza en Argentina: Crónica, Transitoria, Diferencias Regionales y Determinantes (1995-2003)

    OpenAIRE

    María Bongiorno; Jerónimo Carballo

    2006-01-01

    La evolución de los indicadores de pobreza para Argentina presentan un pronunciado deterioro en los últimos años, no uniforme en términos regionales. Utilizando datos para el período 1995-2003 la pobreza es descompuesta en sus componentes crónicos y transitorios y se analizar sus determinantes, considerando las regiones. Se obtiene que la pobreza agregada ha aumentado principalmente por un incremento de la pobreza crónica. Además, la pobreza transitoria de un hogar se asocia en mayor medida c...

  6. L’affaire dell’U.A.A.R.: da mera querelle politica ad oggetto di tutela giudiziaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Berlingò

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo, accettato dal Direttore, riproduce il testo della prolusione ai Corsi DEL la Scuola di specializzazione per le professioni legali di Messina (Messina, 27 novembre 2013SOMMARIO: 1. Il contesto socio-culturale – 2. Questioni di metodo - 3. I prodromi della controversia sull’ “atto politico” - 4. La prospettazione del “fatto” nelle ultime istanze di giudizio. Il Consiglio di Stato: dalla delimitazione dell’insindacabilità dell’atto… - 5. Segue :… alla prefigurazione della piena ed effettiva tutela dell’interesse ad agire - 6. Le Sezioni Unite della Cassazione e l’inquadramento della fattispecie nella cornice della laicità dello Stato - 7. Il principio dell’eguale libertà delle Confessioni assunto a canone di legalità costituzionale - 8. I possibili esiti giudiziari ulteriori della questione - 9. Il procedimento di formazione e conclusione delle Intese - 10. Nuovi indirizzi di politica legislativa in materia ecclesiastica? The U.A.A.R. affaire: from a political querelle to a case law   ABSTRACT: Even if in view of an academic act, the author believes to have to insist on the practical function of the Law that, as in the case of the U.A.A.R., develops most frequently in the case law. The role played by the judicial courts in the case examined, as well as in more and more recurring hypothesis in the current socio-cultural context, should not be taken by the doctrine and policy as an excuse to abdicate their responsibilities as much essential in order to provide an adequate protection for fundamental human rights related to the exercise of the freedom of religion.

  7. LA TUTELA DEI BENI CULTURALI NEL DIRITTO REALE E NEL DIRITTO DOGANALE ALLA LUCE DELLA POLITICA ANTITERRORISTICA EUROPEA

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    Kristijan Poljanec

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Nel lavoro si analizzano le regole internazionali, europee e croate nell’ambito della circolazione dei beni culturali. Gli autori rifl ettono criticamente sul fatto che queste tali regole non abbiano riconosciuto l’importanza dei meccanismi del diritto reale nella lotta contro il traffi co illegale dei beni culturali. Si esamina il problema dell’esportazione dei beni culturali in paesi terzi e le reazioni dell’UE sulla crisi irachena e siriana con riguardo all’importazione di beni culturali. Si discute di nuove misure UE con riguardo alla regolazione dell’importazione dei beni culturali da paesi terzi come parte dell’agenda onnicomprensiva nella lotta al fi nanziamento del terrorismo. Gli autori prestano attenzione alla disciplina esistente del traffi co interno dei beni culturali nel contesto della libertà di circolazione delle merci ed analizzano le limitazioni della circolazione giuridica dei beni culturali nel diritto croato. Se ne conclude come il regime croato della circolazione dei beni culturali abbia creato una valida cornice per la lotta contro il traffi co illecito dei beni culturali e come questo già ora dia un valido apporto alla realizzazione delle politica antiterrorismo dell’UE; tuttavia si rileva come ci sia sempre spazio per migliorare le soluzioni esistenti specialmente nell’ambito della sfera privatistica. Al riguardo si vagliano con particolare attenzione le questioni riguardanti la scelta della lex rei sitae quale statuto di diritto reale per i beni culturali, come pure le questioni riguardanti gli istituti tradizionali volti all’acquisto a non domino ed all’usucapione. Nel lavoro si avanzano alcuni suggerimenti volti alla protezione futura dei beni culturali all’atto dell’importazione.

  8. Crecimiento económico y desigualdades regionales en México: el impacto de la infraestructura

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    Noé Arón Fuentes

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Por medio del análisis de re g resión se calcula para México una función de cuasi-pro d u c c i ó n , a fin de examinar si la inversión pública en infraestructura puede alterar los pat rones de ingreso re g i o n a l , así como para determinar si la efectividad de dicho tipo de inversión depende de su composición (económica y social y de las características de las regiones re c e p t o r a s ( i n t e rmedias o re z ag a d a s .Hansen (1965 ha señalado esta posibilidad. Las entidades federativas fueron agrupadas mediante clusters y discriminantes en dos categorías: intermedias y rezagadas. Los resultados econométricos parecen confirmar la tesis de Hansen. Cada indicador físico (sintético de inversión pública económica fue estadísticamente significativo para e xplicar las va riaciones regionales del P I B E ( p ro d u c t o i n t e rno bruto estatal en la categoría de estados int e rm e d i o s. Si bien el indicador físico (sintéticode infraestructura social resultó estadísticamente significativo en la explicación de las dife rencias del P I B E p e r c a p i t a en la categoría de estados at r a s a d o s , no lo fue en la categoría de estados intermedios. En otras palabras, el análisis empírico realizado pone en evidencia que la e fectividad de la inversión pública en infraestructura depende de su composición y de las características de las regiones receptoras.

  9. Espacios nacionales y espacios regionales. Conflictos y concertaciones en las fronteras chaqueñas de Argentina, Bolivia y Paraguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Figallo, Beatriz J.

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available From the end of the nineteenth century until the middle of the twentieth, the Gran Chaco was a zone of conflict. Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay exercised varied and competing influences in the region, reflecting the intentions of each nation to incorporate the Chaco forcibly as part of larger projects of industrialisation and colonisation. This study examines the implementation of these projects, as well as the resistance they generated in the face of the violence visited upon the inhabitants of the region, whether indigenous peoples, mestizos, or whites. From an anthropological perspective, the work also reassesses conflicts in the Chaco region as a problem in the history of inter-American relations, where non-governmental actors determine links between people and government. The article goes on to consider the national and regional contexts to conflict, in which frontiers and boundaries are further concepts and realities to be assessed.

    Desde fines del siglo XIX y hasta mediados del XX, el Gran Chaco constituyó, en procesos asimétricos ejercidos por los estados que terminaron dividiéndose su jurisdicción, la Argentina, Bolivia y Paraguay, una región de disputas, que incluyó guerras, militarización de límites, forzada incorporación en los desarrollos industrializadores y colonizadores. Este trabajo busca conocer la ejecución de aquellas políticas y las resistencias generadas, en espacios que fueron tanto de concertaciones, como de conflictos frente al poder y a la violencia ejercida sobre sus pobladores, indios, mestizos y blancos. El objetivo es también contribuir a enriquecer la historia de las relaciones interamericanas, a través de una perspectiva antropológica, en donde actores no estatales configuran vínculos entre pueblos y gobiernos, y asimismo de una mirada que se dirija simultáneamente hacia la consideración de los contextos nacionales y regionales, en donde fronteras y límites son nociones y realidades a

  10. Variaciones regionales de la mortalidad por homicidios en Jalisco, México Regional variations in homicide mortality in Jalisco, Mexico

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    María Guadalupe Vega-López

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio busca describir las variaciones regionales de la mortalidad por homicidios en el estado de Jalisco, México, en 1989-1991, 1994-1996 y 1999-2000, analizando a su vez el comportamiento de la tasa de homicidios según género y estratos de bienestar socioeconómico. A partir de la información sobre mortalidad generada por el Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía y Informática, se calcularon tasas ajustadas por edad y género e índices de sobremortalidad masculina. Además, se calcularon razones de tasa y su intervalo de confianza (95%. Los resultados reflejan que la tasa de homicidios presenta una tendencia decreciente en los años 90; que existe un patrón regional de la mortalidad por homicidios, observándose las tasas más altas en regiones periféricas del estado consideradas entre las más pobres; que los municipios ubicados en el estrato de bienestar más bajo presentan un exceso de mortalidad por homicidios estadísticamente significativo, y que hay una evidente sobremortalidad masculina por esta causa. Aspectos como los antes descritos implican tareas y desafíos para la salud pública y para los organismos encargados de preservar la ley y el orden, entre ellos la necesidad de implementar políticas intersectoriales diferenciadas, que tomen en consideración las particularidades que rodean al homicidio y al crimen violento en Jalisco.The present study describes regional variations in homicide rates in Jalisco State, Mexico, in 1989-1991, 1994-1996, and 1999-2000, analyzing the trends by gender and socioeconomic stratum. Using mortality data generated by the National Institute for Statistics, Geography, and Information Technology, homicide rates adjusted by age and gender were calculated, along with rate/female rate ratios; rate ratios by socioeconomic stratum and 95% confidence intervals were also calculated. According to the results, the homicide rate showed: a downward trend in the 1990s; a regional

  11. Aproximaciones al rol de los planificadores regionales de la Iniciativa para la Integración de la Infraestructura Regional Suramericana (IIRSA

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    Damián Lobos

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se analiza el rol central que vienen cumpliendo los planificadores regionales alineados con la visión del regionalismo abierto cepalino en la actual estrategia de inserción de América Latina en el capitalismo global, en vista de su sujeción a los imperativos mundiales del capital transnacionalizado. Para ello se enfoca la atención en los instrumentos metodológicos de la Planificación Territorial Indicativa (PTI de la Iniciativa para la Integración de la Infraestructura Regional Suramericana (IIRSA, entendiendo a esta última como institución reproductora del regionalismo abierto de la CEPAL desde su propuesta general de integración física regional. Se exponen cuatro secciones donde se desarrollan la emergencia del regionalismo abierto cepalino como estrategia espacial del Estado y la relevancia de IIRSA en torno a la reproducción del mismo, para luego analizar el rol que desempeñan en la misma los planificadores regionales desde la creación de consenso por medio de la PTI, hasta la creación de territorialidades particulares.

  12. Exploración de la diversidad morfológica de chiles regionales en Yaxcabá, Yucatán, México

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    Luis Latournerie

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue conocer los tipos y usos del chile, los criterios de selección, y obtener muestras de las variantes o poblaciones criollas. El sistema estudiado fue el policultivo maíz, frijol, chile y calabaza (milpa y se estableció en dos fases: a una encuesta a 60 familias de la comunidad, a fin de obtener información del cultivo y de los sistemas de cultivo que manejan en la milpa, pach pakal (área apta para hortalizas y solares. b una exploración etnobotánica para colectar material genético, y realizar una valoración in situ de los caracteres morfológicos de planta, fruto y flor. En la comunidad, se siembran un total de ocho tipos regionales de chiles, siete pertenecen a Capsicum annuum (yaax ic, xcat’ic, cha’hua, chile dulce, sucurre, pico paloma y maax, este último C. annuum var. aviculares y uno a Capsicum chinense (habanero. El chile yaax ic es el de mayor aceptación en la comunidad. Los agricultores basan la selección de su germoplasma en el tamaño del fruto, sabor, tolerancia a plagas y enfermedades, y usos culinarios. Los chiles regionales se siembran en asociación con otros cultivos tanto en la milpa como en los solares

  13. La legge regionale lombarda e la libertà di religione: storia di un culto (non ammesso e di uno (non? ammissibile

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    Francesca Oliosi

    2016-01-01

    SOMMARIO: 1. Il sonno della Costituzione genera mostri. Una piccola premessa - 2. Libertà religiosa e luoghi di culto nelle fonti: dalla Costituzione al mosaico regionale, un bipolarismo imperfetto - 3. Il tassello lombardo: perseveranza o amnesia del legislatore? Il contesto: risultanze di una ricerca sul campo - 4. La legge n. 12 del 2005 della Regione Lombardia: il problema, aggirato ma non risolto, della destinazione d'uso degli edifici - 5. La nuova legge regionale: profili di palese incostituzionalità – 6. Le confessioni religiose (non sono egualmente libere davanti alla legge: art. 1, comma 1°, lettera a, l.r. n. 2 del 2015 – 7. La “supercompetenza” lombarda: art. 1 comma 1°, lettera b, della l.r. n. 2 del 2015 - 8. La derubricazione del diritto di libertà religiosa a interesse legittimo: dall'obbligo alla facoltà dei Comuni secondo l’art. 1, comma 1°, lett. c, della l.r. n. 2 del 2015 - 9. Quando la “sicurezza” vince sulla “libertà”: ancora sull'art. 1, comma 1°, lett. c - 10. Il nuovo tempio di Scientology a Milano: l’imponente luogo di culto per going clear - 11. Per non concludere: uno spettro si aggira per l’Europa.

  14. Un análisis de las diferencias regionales en el impacto de la contratación temporal en España

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    Elisabet Motellón

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo aporta evidencia empírica acerca de las diferencias en la incidencia de la temporalidad entre las distintas regiones españolas y de su origen. Para ello, y de forma novedosa en este contexto, se aplica una extensión de la metodología tradicional de Oaxaca-Blinder al caso de modelos no lineales. Los resultados apuntan a diferencias en la intensidad del uso de la temporalidad en España, al existir discrepancias regionales significativas en el empleo del trabajo temporal como medida de flexibilización laboral. Estas diferencias tienen incluso más capacidad explicativa que las discrepancias en las características de la mano de obra y de las empresas instaladas en cada región. Estos resultados cuestionan las medidas adoptadas para combatir el problema de la precariedad laboral en España, al no haber considerado las especificidades regionales.

  15. A regional climate model for the Arctic and the North Atlantic; Ein regionales Klimamodell fuer die Arktis und den Nordatlantik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berndt, H.

    2001-07-01

    corresponding a low influence of the lateral boundary conditions. Overall, REMO has proved to be a useful tool for a better understanding of the processes in the Arctic and the North Atlantic. Further adjustment of the parameterizations seems to be necessary. Other components of the climate system have to be considered to successfully describe the complex feedbacks and processes of the climate subsystems. (orig.) [German] Die Arktis und der subpolare Nordatlantik bilden mit ihren komplexen Mechanismen und Rueckkopplungen eine wichtige Komponente unseres Klimasystems. Aufgrund der geringen Beobachtungsdichte und der niedrigen Aufloesung globaler Klimamodelle, bietet sich der Einsatz hoeher aufloesender regionaler Klimamodelle an. Das hier verwendete regionale Klimamodell (REMO) basiert auf dem frueheren Wettervorhersagemodell EM des Deutschen Wetterdienstes (DWD) und wurde am Max-Planck-Institut fuer Meteorologie (MPIfM) in Hamburg weiterentwickelt. Fuer die Simulation subskaliger Prozesse stehen zwei Saetze physikalischer Parametrisierungen zur Verfuegung - die urspruenglich verwendete DWD-Physik und die ECHAM4-Physik des MPIfM. Der dynamische Teil ist in beiden Faellen identisch. REMO wird zunaechst an das neue Untersuchungsgebiet angepasst. Die neue Konfiguration beruecksichtigt bei einer horizontalen Aufloesung von 0.5 x 0.5 und 145 x 121 Glitterpunkten die gesamte Arktis und den Nordatlantik bis etwa 40 N. Mit DWD- und ECHAM4-Physik im Vorhersage- und Klima-Mode werden unterschiedliche Zeitraeume simuliert. Als Antriebsdaten werden die NCEP/NCAR-Reanalysen mit einer zeitlichen Aufloesung von 6 Stunden verwendet. Da REMO bisher nur in gemaessigtem Klima eingesetzt wurde, steht der Test des Modells unter den extremen Bedingungen der hohen Breiten im Vordergrund. Beim Vergleich mit Schiffsbeobachtungen aus der Labrador-See liegt REMO deutlich dichter an den Messungen als die Antriebsdaten. Unrealistisch hohe Feuchten in den Reanalysen sind vermutlich die Ursache erhoehter

  16. The participatory democracy and the regional legislation. Laws numbers 69/2007 of Tuscany and number 3/2010 of region of Emilia Romagna Democrazia di prossimità e legislazione regionale. Le leggi n. 69 del 2007 della regione toscana e n. 3 del 2010 della regione emilia romagna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianluca Sgueo

    2010-11-01

    regionali e locali”, introducono e disciplinano nuovi sistemi partecipativi alle procedure decisionali regionali. Entrambi i provvedimenti legislativi compiono un importante passo in avanti nell’attuazione della democrazia di prossimità a livello locale, integrando – e, in alcuni casi, sostituendo – le procedure e le garanzie procedurali predisposte a livello nazionale. La presente nota analizza i processi partecipativi istituiti dalle leggi in oggetto. A tal fine, descrive e compara gli organi amministrativi che queste istituiscono, le procedure amministrative cui questi ultimi sono preposti, nonché il rapporto tra sfera amministrativa e sfera politica regionali. Con particolare riferimento al caso toscano si analizzano la struttura amministrativa indipendente che cura lo svolgimento delle procedure consultive presso le parti interessate e le relative funzioni (acquisizione e valutazione delle istanze provenienti dai portatori di interessi e, più in generale, garanzia della maggiore trasparenza e democraticità delle procedure decisionali. Si analizza, inoltre, il contesto normativo di riferimento. All’analisi dei profili generali segue quella di dettaglio: viene descritta, dapprima, la posizione dei soggetti portatori di interessi e i diritti endo-procedimentali loro riconosciuti e, in seguito, si esaminano le strutture partecipative e Le procedure a ciò predisposte. Quanto invece al caso dell’Emilia Romagna, si descrivono l’attività svolta dal Tecnico di garanzia in materia di partecipazione e le funzioni attribuite al Comitato di pilotaggio, due organi amministrativi disciplinati dalla legge. La parte conclusiva dell’articolo sviluppa alcune riflessioni d’insieme in merito ai due sistemi partecipativi introdotti dai Legislatori della Toscana e dell’Emilia Romagna, soffermandosi in particolar modo sulle relative aree di criticità. Si valutano poi l’impatto delle scelte legislative sulla possibilita che i portatori di interesse contribuiscano

  17. El bloque de jóvenes revolucionarios de Michoacán y la politica social Cardenista 1930-1936

    OpenAIRE

    Méndez Moreno, Carlos Domingo

    2012-01-01

    El proceso revolucionario iniciado en 1910 permitió que durante las décadas de los años veinte y treinta del siglo surgieran una serie de líderes regionales, que con el transcurrir del tiempo llegaron a ostentar el poder en sus respectivas zonas de influencia. Debido a la inestabilidad política que imperaba en el país, esto se agudizó en una lucha de poder, tanto central como regional. Después del movimiento armado que inició Francisco I. Madero y posterior a su muerte, las ...

  18. LOS DESAFÍOS REGIONALES FRENTE A LA MUNDIALIZACIÓN DE LOS TERRITORIOS: LA SOCIEDAD MENDOCINA EN LOS 90'

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    Elma Montaña

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available En la década del 80, el mercado interno nacional había ya perdido su rol como motor de las llamadas "economías regionales" y las crisis en recurrentes de la economía vitivinícola mendocina se habían vuelto estructurales. Esto incidió en que la reestructuración económica comenzara en Mendoza, con cierta antelación a los cambios que se producirían en el nivel nacional. Mientras que el primer gobierno provincial posterior a la dictadura había hecho hincapié sobre la institucionalización de los valores democráticos recientemente recuperados por los argentinos, el segundo período de gobierno que se inició en 1987 se concentró sobre un proyecto concebido para "terminar de una vez por todas con las crisis de la economía provincial". La fortaleza y la aceptación lograda por ese plan de gobierno provenían, en parte, de una plataforma electoral elaborada mediante un proceso participativo que articulaban a políticos y técnicos. El peronismo mendocino de esos años aparecía como una generación de "jóvenes" (en su cuarentena motivados por una voluntad política de transformación de la realidad. A ellos se sumaban numerosos equipos y cuadros técnicos formados y dispuestos a implementar esas propuestas. El ámbito empresarial apoyó también la propuesta económica de esta gestión, a pesar de su filiación peronista. Fijando objetivos de desregulación, de apertura económica y de orientación hacia las exportaciones, el discurso político así como el espíritu de importantes sectores de la sociedad mendocina mostraban un cierto optimismo respecto de las oportunidades que se abrirían con el cambio. En un plano más profundo, éste se basaba en una confianza -construida históricamente por la sociedad mendocina- en las capacidades locales para encontrar “un nuevo lugar en el mundo”. Así, a partir de 1987, la provincia de Mendoza se moviliza fuertemente en torno un proyecto que, bajo las banderas de la autonomía y de la

  19. Ngugi wa Thiong'o's politics of language: commitment and complicity = A politica linguistica de Ngugi wa Thiong'o: comprometimento e cumplicidade.

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    Ângela Lamas Rodrigues

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ngugi wa Thiong'o's politics of language has been controversially received by his critics, who tend to either overemphasize his revolutionary trajectory as an African writer or devalue his efforts to produce an African language-based literature. Through a historical and cultural analysis, the present work offers an alternative view of Ngugi treatment of the language question as a problematic, yet necessary, attempt to interrogate and alter his cultural alignments with European colonialism.A politica linguistica do escritor queniano Ngugi wa Thiong'o's e recebida de forma controversa pelos criticos, que tendem a superenfatizar sua trajetoria revolucionaria como escritor ou a depreciar seus esforcos para produzir obras literarias em linguasafricanas. A partir de uma analise historica e cultural, este ensaio oferece uma visao alternativa do tratamento dado por Ngugi a questao linguistica como uma tentativa problematica, porem necessaria, de interrogar e alterar suas aliancas culturais com o colonialismo europeu.

  20. Políticas públicas sobre igualdad de oportunidades entre mujeres y hombres : análisis del diseño de diecisiete planes regionales de igualdad de oportunidades en el Perú en el período 2006-2010.

    OpenAIRE

    Beltrán Varillas, Cecilia Esperanza

    2013-01-01

    Nuestra investigación tiene por objetivo general evaluar el diseño de la política pública de Igualdad de Oportunidades entre Mujeres y Hombres en diecisiete (17) Gobiernos Regionales, en el periodo 2006-2010. A partir de lo señalado, se plantearon como objetivos específicos a) evaluar la coherencia de los planes regionales con el Segundo Plan Nacional de Igualdad de Oportunidades entre Mujeres y Hombres; y, b) identificar si existen elementos en el diseño de los planes regionales que asegu...

  1. Experiencias de desarrollo territorial basadas en la articulación de sistemas regionales de innovación: instituciones, creatividad y transferencia de conocimientos

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    José Alberto Solis Navarrete

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo busca exponer distintos casos de desarrollo territorial que han estado basados en el aprovechamiento y la vinculación de las capacidades regionales y locales. En un primer momento, se revisan los postulados teóricos que sustentan el trabajo, con base en ellos se identifican las experiencias del País Vasco, del sur de Finlandia, de Montreal, Emilia-Romana, Silicon Valley y Sophia Antipolis, lugares con características propias y difícilmente replicables. Sin embargo, existen condiciones en común que han posibilitado los cambios en su desempeño económico y social, asociadas a sus instituciones, influidas mayormente por procesos de gobernanza, así como la capacidad para aprovechar sus propios impulsos creativos y de transferir conocimientos.

  2. La crescita del debito pubblico in Italia: evoluzione, prospettive e problemi di politica economica.(The growth of public debt in Italy: past experience, perspectives and policy problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. SPAVENTA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Il lavoro esamina l'esperienza italiana , con riferimento alla crescita e debito pubblico. Non cerca di testare opinioni contrastanti , in quanto gli effetti di alcune innovazioni finanziarie e politiche sono troppo recenti e alcuni dati sono di scarsa qualità . Piuttosto , la sua portata più limitata è di attingere alle esperienze passate e , cosa più importante , valutare le prospettive future , al fine di discutere di alcuni problemi per quanto riguarda la politica fiscale e monetaria. L'autore esamina formazione del  debito con riferimento alle necessità di finanziamento , la loro composizione e la loro misura rettificato , prima di prendere in considerazione le politiche di finanziamento perseguite dalle autorità e le variazioni nella composizione , la proprietà e il costo del debito . Infine vengono esaminati i possibili sviluppi futuri e di alcuni problemi di politica connessi  .The work surveys the Italian experience with reference to growth and public debt. It does not seek to test conflicting views, as the effects of some financial and policy innovations are too recent and some data is of poor quality. Rather, its more limited scope is to draw on past experience and, more importantly, assess future prospects in order to discuss some problems regarding both fiscal and monetary policy. The author examines debt formation with reference to borrowing requirements, their composition and their adjusted measure, before taking into consideration financing policies pursued by the authorities  and the changes in the composition, ownership and cost of debt. Finally, possible future developments and some connected policy problems are examined.JEL: H63, E52, E62

  3. Comparación de la capacidad predictiva de los modelos de coeficientes fijos frente a variables en los modelos econométricos regionales: un análisis para Cataluña

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos Lobo, Raúl; Clar López, Miquel; Suriñach Caralt, Jordi

    2000-01-01

    Durante las últimas décadas se ha producido un creciente interés en nuestro país en relación a las economías regionales dada la necesidad de los gobiernos regionales de obtener información sobre sus economías para así llevar a cabo actuaciones de política económica más efectivas y eficientes. En este marco, los modelos econométricos constituyen una herramienta de utilidad puesto que ofrecen información sobre las relaciones estructurales que se dan en una economía y permiten predecir su evoluc...

  4. Epidemiologia e politicas publicas

    OpenAIRE

    Rita Barradas Barata

    2013-01-01

    Este ensaio trata das relações entre a epidemiologia e as políticas públicas, destacando inicialmente a posição da disciplina no campo da saúde coletiva, analisando os impactos de políticas públicas sobre o perfil epidemiológico e as contribuições da epidemiologia para a formulação, implementação e avaliação de políticas públicas de saúde. No primeiro tópico são discutidos os vínculos da disciplina com o campo da saúde coletiva, o modelo de determinantes sociais e de ação política formulados ...

  5. [Vereinskultur und Zivilgesellschaft in Nordosteuropa : regionale Spezifik und europäische Zusammenhänge = Associational culture and civil society in North Eastern Europe : regional features and the European context. Hrsg. von Jörg Hackmann] / Sir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamul, Sirje, 1951-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Vereinskultur und Zivilgesellschaft in Nordosteuropa : regionale Spezifik und europäische Zusammenhänge = Associational culture and civil society in North Eastern Europe : regional features and the European context (Quellen und Studien zur baltischen Geschichte, 20; Veröffentlichungen der Aue-Stiftung, 26). Hrsg. von Jörg Hackmann. Böhlau Verlag. Köln u.a. 2012

  6. Declaración de la Presidencia del Consejo de Seguridad Cooperación entre las Naciones Unidas y las organizaciones regionales y subregionales en el mantenimiento de la paz y la seguridad internacionales

    OpenAIRE

    Consejo de Seguridad, Naciones Unidas-

    2013-01-01

    El presente documento es la Declaración de la Presidencia del Consejo de Seguridad en la 7015ª sesión del Consejo, celebrada el 06 de agosto del 2013, en relación con el examen por el Consejo del tema titulado “Cooperación entre las Naciones Unidas y las organizaciones regionales y subregionales en el mantenimiento de la paz y la seguridad internacional”

  7. Electoral Reform, Regional Cleavages, and Party System Stability in Bolivia Reforma electoral, rupturas regionales y estabilidad de sistema partidario en Bolivia

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    Miguel Centellas

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This research note considers the effects of electoral system reformin Bolivia. In 1995, Bolivia moved from a list-proportional to a mixedmemberproportional electoral system. The intervening years saw growingregional polarization of politics and a collapse of the existing party system.Using statistical analysis of disaggregated electoral data (at department, municipality, and district level, this paper tests whether electoral system reformsmay have contributed to the current political crisis. Research findingsshow that regional cleavages existed prior to electoral system reform, butsuggest that reforms aggravated their effects. Such evidence gives reason toquestion the recent popularity of mixed-member proportionality. Esta nota considera el efecto de reformas electorales en Bolivia.En 1995, Bolivia cambió de un sistema de representación proporcional auno de representación combinado. Los siguientes años vieron una crecientepolarización regional de la política y el colapso del anterior sistema de partidos.Utilizando un análisis estadístico de votos desagregados (a nivel dedepartamento, municipio y distrito electoral, esta nota examina si reformaselectorales podrían haber contribuido a la crisis política. Investigacionesmuestran que ya existían divergencias regionales antes de las reformas alsistema electoral, pero también que las reformas agravaron sus efectos. Talesevidencias dan motivos para cuestionar la reciente popularidad de sistemaselectorales combinados.

  8. Perspectiva de niños y niñas preescolares, de seis direcciones regionales, acerca de sus procesos educativos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianella Castro-Pérez

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza la perspectiva de niños y niñas preescolares acerca de sus procesos educativos. Retoma sólo una parte de la información aportada mediante un Test de Oraciones Incompletas y representaciones gráficas, que forma parte de una investigación titulada Perfiles, Dinámicas y Desafíos del Sistema Educativo Formal Costarricense. Dicha investigación se realizó en seis direcciones regionales educativas del país, y abarcó los niveles de preescolar, educación general básica, educación diversificada y universidad. Se trata de la primera investigación integrada entre las diferentes Unidades Académicas del Centro de Investigación y Docencia en Educación, de la Universidad Nacional y adscrita al Programa Educación y Desarrollo.

  9. La política exterior de América Latina hacia Siria y Líbano frente a los nuevos escenarios regionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Bazán

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La actual política exterior de los países latinoamericanos hacia Siria y Líbano responde a condicionantes regionales y a los cambios político-económicos donde el rol de EE.UU. como potencia hegemónica en la región está en declive. Sin embargo no es posible identificar una única política exterior latinoamericana hacia Siria y Líbano, ya que los diferentes Estados latinoamericanos adoptaron diversos objetivos y estrategias adecuadas a sus propias necesidades internas. Aunque América del Sur participa de las iniciativas América del Sur-Países Árabes (ASPA, la región no ha podido establecer vínculos políticos significativos y los pocos logros alcanzados responden más a iniciativas particulares de los Estados que a una estrategia continental. El presente trabajo analiza tres modelos paradigmáticos: Brasil, como ejemplo de una política exterior orientada al intercambio comercial pero con una fuerte impronta para posicionarse como potencia emergente internacional; Venezuela, como referente de una política exterior que establece alianzas con Estados adversarios de EE.UU. y finalmente México, con una estrategia de inserción económica sin mayores aspiraciones debido a la influencia norteamericana en su política exterior general.

  10. Positive predictive value of ICD-9th codes for upper gastrointestinal bleeding and perforation in the Sistema Informativo Sanitario Regionale database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cattaruzzi, C; Troncon, M G; Agostinis, L; García Rodríguez, L A

    1999-06-01

    We identified patients whose records in the Sistema Informativo Sanitario Regionale database in the Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia showed a code of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) and perforation according to codes of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9th revision. The validity of site- and lesion-specific codes (531 to 534) and nonspecific codes (5780, 5781, and 5789) was ascertained through manual review of hospital clinical records. The initial group was made of 1779 potential cases of UGIB identified with one of these codes recorded. First, the positive predictive values (PPV) were calculated in a random sample. As a result of the observed high PPV of 531 and 532 codes, additional hospital charts were solely requested for all remaining potential cases with 533, 534, and 578 ICD-9 codes. The overall PPV reached a high of 97% for 531 and 532 site-specific codes, 84% for 534 site-specific codes, and 80% for 533 lesion-specific codes, and a low of 59% for nonspecific codes. These data suggest a considerable research potential for this new computerized health care database in Southern Europe.

  11. Il ruolo degli aggregati creditizi come obiettivi intermedi o indicatori della politica monetaria. (A note on credit aggregates as targets or indicators of monetary policy

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    G. VACIAGO

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Con l'aumento della deregolamentazione e l'innovazione finanziaria in molti sistemi bancari nazionali, è stato suggerito che l'attuale enfasi sul controllo della massa monetaria non è più appropriato. Invece, una definizione più ampia di credito dovrebbe essere introdotto e movimenti degli aggregati creditizi dovrebbe essere controllato. L'autore sostiene che non vi è alcun meccanismo di trasmissione diretta tra un aggregato ampio credito e variazioni del debito privato e di governo, e che le autorità hanno limitato la capacità di controllare un tale aggregato. Quindi la sua scelta come l'obiettivo principale della politica monetaria sarebbe inopportuno.With increasing deregulation and financial innovation in many domestic banking systems, it has been suggested that the present emphasis on controlling the money stock is no longer appropriate. Instead, a broader definition of credit should be introduced and movements in credit aggregates should be controlled. The author argues that there is no direct transmission mechanism between a broad credit aggregate and changes in private and government debt, and that the authorities have limited ability to control such an aggregate. Therefore its choice as the main target for monetary policy would be inappropriate.JEL: E52

  12. innovazione finanziaria e politica monetaria: Italia e stati uniti a confronto. (Financial innovation and monetary policy: Italy versus the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. VACIAGO

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available L'innovazione finanziaria è stata collegata al problema del controllo monetario in molti paesi. Negli Stati Uniti è stato suggerito che i tassi di interesse elevati e volatili hanno creato innovazioni che ha ridotto l'efficacia della politica monetaria . C'è una visione alternativa che ritiene  il controllo monetario inefficace ed ha creato volatilità dei mercati finanziari . Questo articolo considera i recenti sviluppi del sistema finanziario italiano e negli Stati Uniti , al fine di confrontare l'evoluzione di innovazione e il suo impatto sul controllo monetario .Financial innovation has been linked to the problem of monetary control in many countries. In the United States it has been suggested that high and volatile interest rates have created innovations that have reduced the effectiveness of monetary policy. There is an alternative view which believes that ineffective monetary control has created volatility in financial markets. This article considers recent developments in the Italian and United States financial system, in order to compare the evolution of innovation and its impact on monetary control.JEL: E52, E44

  13. Teoria macroeconomica e politica monetaria:i contributi di Franco Modigliani e il dibattito in corso (Macroeconomic theory and monetary policy: contributions by Franco Modigliani and the ongoing debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Papademos

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Nel presente articolo tratterò diversi temi di teoria macroeconomica e politica monetaria, ponendoli in relazione con i contributi e le idee di Franco Modigliani.
Mi soffermerò, in particolare, sulla struttura e sulle caratteristiche principali di impianti teorici capaci di descrivere in modo adeguato il ruolo della moneta nel contesto macroeconomico e gli effetti della politica monetaria sulla produzione aggregata e sul livello dei prezzi.
Uno di tali impianti, che riassumerà in sé i progressi teorici esaminati in precedenza, può essere ritenuto in linea con il punto di vista comune riguardo alle componenti fondamentali e al funzionamento del meccanismo di trasmissione della politica monetaria. Evidenzierò, inoltre, gli elementi di incertezza e le questioni irrisolte che sussistono riguardo ad alcune caratteristiche dinamiche e strutturali del modello.
Come secondo argomento, intendo trattare brevemente la natura e la solidità delle relazioni empiriche che legano importanti variabili economiche – quali il livello dei prezzi e la produzione aggregata – agli strumenti di politica monetaria.
Infine, mi soffermerò sulle conseguenze sia dell’impianto teorico macroeconomico come lo conosciamo attualmente, sia dei risultati empirici riguardo ai legami fra gli obiettivi e gli strumenti di politica monetaria per la scelta di un’adeguata strategia in questo ambito e per la sua efficace attuazione.    In this article will discuss several topics of macroeconomics and monetary policy and relate them with the contributions and ideas of Franco Modigliani. I will focus in particular on the structure and main features of theoretical systems able to adequately describe the role of money in the macroeconomic environment and the effects of monetary policy on aggregate output and the price level. One of these facilities, which will sum itself theoretical advances discussed above, can be considered in line with the common point

  14. Actividades y creación de valor. Resultados de un estudio en pequeñas y medianas empresas regionales

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    Cecilia R. Ficco

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available La creación de valor constituye hoy el objetivo central de las empresas, objetivo que no sólo se logra a través de producción, como lo consideraban los economistas clásicos, sino que se encuentra estrechamente asociado con aquellos procesos que resultan claves para sus sostenibilidad, como son los de organización de las actividades productivas y la innovación empresarial. La presente investigación tiene como objetivo estudiar la importancia que tienen las actividades de producción, de organización y de innovación para la generación de valor en empresas locales y regionales y su relación con distintos aspectos que definen características específicas de las mismas. Para ello se realiza un estudio empírico sobre una muestra de empresas de la Región Río Cuarto (Argentina aplicando métodos estadísticos multivariados. Los resultados muestran una clara diferenciación entre las empresas que priorizan la creación de valor a través de la producción de las que lo hacen por medio de la organización y la innovación, aunque esta diferenciación no guarda relación directa con el tamaño de las empresas ni con su antigüedad.

  15. Fronteras naturales versus fronteras político- administrativas: desafíos y dilemas que enfrentan los parques naturales regionales en el gobierno multi-escalar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constanza Parra

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza los desafíos en la gobernanza de zonas naturales protegidas, subrayando tensiones y dilemas que se derivan de la existencia simultánea de fronteras naturales y fronteras político-administrativas que raramente coinciden. Al partir del supuesto según el cual la articulación entre escalas territoriales es un factor determinante en la sustentabilidad de todo tipo de territorios, la reflexión se focaliza en los desafíos que enfrentan los Parques Regionales de Francia en un contexto de gobierno multi-escalar. Más específicamente, se analizan las contradicciones que se observan entre una multiplicación de fronteras político-administrativas subnacionales y los imperativos de sostenibilidad a los que se encuentran subordinados estos territorios. A partir del examen del Parque Regional Morvan, se concluye que la superabundancia de instituciones subnacionales, cuya instauración tiene por objetivo avanzar en los principios democráticos y de participación ciudadana de un desarrollo sustentable, genera dinámicas de rivalidad y competencia entre territorios que atentan contra su sostenibilidad. El estudio de campo fue realizado mediante una metodología cualitativa y se utilizó la entrevista en profundidad con actores claves como base para la recolección de información, así como la realización de observaciones, visitas de terreno y análisis de fuentes secundarias.

  16. Tecnocrazia e politica in Italia dalla crisi del 1907 al Primo Dopoguerra = Technocracy and political crisis in Italy from 1907 till the early after World War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcello Benegiamo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Uscito a pezzi dalla pesante crisi finanziaria e industriale del 1907, che aveva messo a nudo i limiti della struttura economica del Paese, il capitalismo industriale italiano elaborò un programma, portato avanti fino al primo dopoguerra, che prevedeva l’instaurazione di un governo di tecnocrati. Questo avrebbe dovuto trainare il Paese fuori dalla crisi, pianificarne l’economia e trasformarlo in una grande potenza industriale, con forti connotazioni imperialistiche. Segnali in tale direzione si erano registrati anche nei decenni precedenti, tra fine Ottocento e inizi Novecento, quando ebbe inizio un processo di concentrazione nel settore siderurgico e meccanico. Un percorso peraltro stimolato dalle commesse statali sempre più consistenti (Galli Della Loggia, 1970; Battilossi, 1999; Amatori e Colli, 1999; Bolchini, 2002. La crisi industriale e finanziaria del 1907 e la recessione a livello mondiale che ne seguì, accelerarono la soluzione tecnocratica, che prevedeva un’alleanza, più o meno stretta, con una parte della classe politica e l’entrata in guerra. Negli anni immediatamente seguenti il conflitto, il potere dei tecnocrati sulla scena politica italiana sembrò accrescersi notevolmente, soprattutto quando il governo progettò un programma di espansione economica nelle regioni del Caucaso, nei Balcani e nel Levante ex ottomano, territori in grado di fornire materie prime e di assorbire la produzione italiana in eccesso rispetto alle richieste di un mercato interno asfittico. La collaborazione tra mondo imprenditoriale, bancario e politico non produsse il risultato sperato. La caduta del governo Nitti e il ruolo destabilizzante e filotedesco della Banca Commerciale Italiana nell’Est europeo e nel Caucaso furono tra le cause principali che impedirono il decollo del progetto tecnocratico, provocando una dura reazione da parte dei fratelli Perrone alla guida del gruppo Ansaldo. Heavily Weakened by the financial and industrial crisis

  17. Il Corporativismo: un paradosso della politica economica dello stato fascista = Corporativism: a paradox of the economic policy of the fascist state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natascia Ridolfi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Uscito a pezzi dalla pesante crisi finanziaria e industriale del 1907, che aveva messo a nudo i limiti della struttura economica del Paese, il capitalismo industriale italiano elaborò un programma, portato avanti fino al primo dopoguerra, che prevedeva l’instaurazione di un governo di tecnocrati. Questo avrebbe dovuto trainare il Paese fuori dalla crisi, pianificarne l’economia e trasformarlo in una grande potenza industriale, con forti connotazioni imperialistiche. Segnali in tale direzione si erano registrati anche nei decenni precedenti, tra fine Ottocento e inizi Novecento, quando ebbe inizio un processo di concentrazione nel settore siderurgico e meccanico. Un percorso peraltro stimolato dalle commesse statali sempre più consistenti (Galli Della Loggia, 1970; Battilossi, 1999; Amatori e Colli, 1999; Bolchini, 2002. La crisi industriale e finanziaria del 1907 e la recessione a livello mondiale che ne seguì, accelerarono la soluzione tecnocratica, che prevedeva un’alleanza, più o meno stretta, con una parte della classe politica e l’entrata in guerra. Negli anni immediatamente seguenti il conflitto, il potere dei tecnocrati sulla scena politica italiana sembrò accrescersi notevolmente, soprattutto quando il governo progettò un programma di espansione economica nelle regioni del Caucaso, nei Balcani e nel Levante ex ottomano, territori in grado di fornire materie prime e di assorbire la produzione italiana in eccesso rispetto alle richieste di un mercato interno asfittico. La collaborazione tra mondo imprenditoriale, bancario e politico non produsse il risultato sperato. La caduta del governo Nitti e il ruolo destabilizzante e filotedesco della Banca Commerciale Italiana nell’Est europeo e nel Caucaso furono tra le cause principali che impedirono il decollo del progetto tecnocratico, provocando una dura reazione da parte dei fratelli Perrone alla guida del gruppo Ansaldo. Heavily Weakened by the financial and industrial crisis

  18. Caracterización del viento en la Península Ibérica : observaciones y simulaciones regionales= Characterization of the wind over the Iberian Peninsula : observations and regional simulations

    OpenAIRE

    Lorente Plazas, Raquel

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de esta tesis es caracterizar el viento en la Península Ibérica mediante observaciones y modelos climáticos regionales, analizar los errores en las simulaciones y proponer e implementar mejoras físicas para la reproducción del viento en superficie. La metodología consiste en varios pasos. Primero, se han realizado un control de calidad y unificación de registros para crear una base de datos observacionales con una densidad sin precedentes (514 estaciones) de series temporales...

  19. The new industrial political tools based on the sustainable development of productive activities; Gli strumenti attuativi di una politica di sviluppo sostenibile dell'impresa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luciani, R.; Andriola, L. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1999-07-01

    The new industrial political tools based on the sustainable development of productive activities, and originating at the Rio Conference in 1992, late introduced by the European Union, the Government and voluntary organizations (ISO, CEM, UNI) are gradually entering the market, thereby underling their effect in terms of industrial competitiveness. The main tools were examined in the report and mostly refer to the voluntary ones which, in surpassing the command and control logic, increasingly tend to get close to traditional fiscal, tariff and financial ones. Voluntary agreements, environmental management systems (EMAS, ISO14000), the risk prevention systems (UNI 10617), certification (Ecolabel, ISO 14040) and environment communications tools (environment balance sheet, environmental report, environmental statement) are synthetically described. Finally, the tools regarding the incentives still under Government concern an their diffusion are examined. [Italian] I nuovi strumenti di politica industriale orientati allo sviluppo sostenibile delle attivita' produttive che traggono origine dalla Conferenza di Rio del 1992 e sono stati introdotti successivamente da parte della Comunita' Europea, dal Governo e dagli organismi di normazione volontaria (ISO, CEN, UNI), stanno gradualmente penetrando sul mercato facendo valere i loro effetti anche in termini di competitivita' delle imprese. Nel rapporto sono stati esaminati i principali tra questi strumenti con particolare riferimento a quelli volontari che sempre piu', nel superamento della logica del {sup c}ommand-control{sup ,} tendono ad affiancarsi a quelli tradizionali di carattere fiscale, tariffario e finanziario. In particolare vengono descritti sinteticamente gli accordi volontari, i sistemi di gestione ambientali e della sicurezza (EMAS, norme ISO 14001 e UNI 10617), la certificazione di prodotto (Ecolabel, norma ISO 14040) e gli strumenti di comunicazione ambientale (bilancio ambientale, rapporto

  20. La struttura dei mercati finanziari ed il modus operandi della politica monetaria:Lindahl e Ohlin a confronto. ( The structure of financial markets and the modus operandi of monetary policy: Lindahl and Ohlin compared

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. TROPEANO

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Nella letteratura recente sui mercati finanziari una netta linea di demarcazione può essere tracciata tra i modelli che supportano le teorie della efficienza dei mercati finanziari e di quelli che li smentiscono . Le principali differenze tra i due approcci hanno a che fare con tutta di informazioni disponibili per gli operatori economici e il trattamento del rischio . A seconda che l'ipotesi di efficienza dei mercati finanziari è stata accettata o confutata , diverse valutazioni degli effetti della politica monetaria sono giustificate. Il lavoro esamina la relazione tra la struttura dei mercati finanziari e l'efficacia della politica monetaria , e in particolare le posizioni di Lindahl e Ohlin della scuola svedeseIn the recent literature on financial markets a clear line of demarcation can be traced between models that support theories of the efficiency of financial markets and those that refute them. The principal differences between the two approaches have to do with the whole of information available to economic agents and the treatment of risk. Depending on whether the hypothesis of the efficiency of financial markets is accepted or refuted, different evaluations of the effects of monetary policy are justified. The work looks at the relationship between the structure of financial markets and the effectiveness of monetary policy, and in particular the positions of Lindahl and Ohlin of the Swedish school.JEL: E52, G10, E44

  1. Un progetto per l'attivazione di Agenda 21 Locale: monitoraggio della mammalofauna nell'area del Parco Regionale del Monte Cucco (Perugia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Mazzei

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Nell?ambito del progetto ?Attivazione Agenda 21 Locale? finalizzato alla realizzazione di studi per la certificazione e contabilizzazione ambientale, nel Parco Regionale del Monte Cucco, si è dato il via, a partire dal novembre del 2001, ad un?indagine di tipo qualitativo, mirata alla caratterizzazione dell?area Parco per quel che riguarda la presenza di specie di Mammiferi appenninici di interesse conservazionistico e naturalistico. Nel periodo che va dall?8 febbraio 2002 al 5 ottobre dello stesso anno, sono stati effettuati 16 transetti faunistici, distribuiti nell?arco delle quattro stagioni. Sono stati raccolti indici di presenza di 11 specie di Mammiferi appartenenti agli ordini degli Artiodattili, Carnivori, Lagomorfi, Insettivori e Roditori e i relativi IKA (indici chilometrici di abbondanza. I dati raccolti unitamente ad una ricognizione bibliografica, mirata a reperire informazioni pregresse e aggiornate sulla teriofauna locale, attraverso inoltre, l?effettuazione di interviste e il coinvolgimento della popolazione locale, hanno portato alla definizione di una Check-list della Mammalofauna del Parco, rappresentativa per il 56% di quella della Regione. La ricerca ha permesso di confermare per l?area la presenza del Lupo (Canis lupus e di evidenziare l?espansione a Sud del Capriolo (Capreolus capreolus. Parte integrante del progetto ?Cucco 21? era la definizione di proposte gestionali volte a migliorare il rapporto uomo-ambiente, laddove fossero state individuate situazioni di criticità oggettive o potenziali, in un?ottica di conservazione della risorsa naturale e di sviluppo delle attività antropiche. Significativi a tale proposito sono stati il caso del Cinghiale (Sus scrofa con l?osservazione del danno alle fitocenosi, soprattutto ai prati e pascoli cacuminali e del Capriolo. Per quest?ultima specie in funzione della sua espansione verso la parte meridionale del Parco, sono state avanzate delle

  2. Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano

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    Juan Madrid Vera

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available Como resultado de 18 campañas de muestreo llevadas a cabo desde junio de 1987 a junio de 1992 en la plataforma continental de Michoacán (México, se presenta un listado sistemático que incluye a 257 especies de peces. Se determinó la representatividad de la muestra a nivel regional ajustando el número acumulativo de especies a una curva de tipo logístico. El resultado señala que se cuenta con mas del 85% del total de especies que teóricamente podrían capturarse en la región (298 en las mismas condiciones de muestreo. A partir de una matriz que incluye 1180 especies (renglones correspondientes a 16 listados (columnas elaborados por diversos autores para el Pacifico nor-oriental, se establecen las probables relaciones regionales por medio de un análisis jerárquico de clasificación. Se concluye que las condiciones ambientales con influencia en la boca del Golfo de California coadyuvan a determinar la riqueza de especies marinas en la plataforma continental de Michoacán.The ichthyofauna from the continental shelf of Michoacan (Mexico was surveyed from June 1987 through June 1992 to produce a checklist of 257 species. The sample size and collection representativeness were validated by fitting a logistic model for the accumulative number of species (St=298.86(1-e-0.122t. In agreement with this model, 85% of the maximum forecast for cumulative species that can be caught under the same sampling conditions (298, have been identified. A probable scenario for the regional species inter-relationships was obtained with a multivariate analysis that includes 1180 species (rows belonging to 16 checklists (columns of the northwestern Pacific Ocean ichthyofauna. From the analysis, the species composition on the Pacific shelf of Michoacan seems to be influenced by conditions similar to those of northern areas (lower Gulf of California and not only by the physiography of the narrow coastal shelf of Michoacan.

  3. Turismo y eficiencia: tendencias regionales

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    José Antonio Camacho Ballesta

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza la evolución de la productividad de las actividades económicas relacionadas con el turismo, centrando el estudio en la Hostelería y restaurantes, durante el período comprendido entre 1965 y 1995, y su efecto sobre la productividad de los servicios destinados a la venta en las regiones españolas. La metodología utilizada incluye herramientas como el análisis envolvente de datos, los índices de Malmquist, y la descomposición de la eficiencia total en eficiencia intrasectorial y eficiencia de composición. Los resultados muestran que la eficiencia de composición en los servicios destinados a la venta ha mejorado a lo largo del período estudiado, consecuencia del crecimiento en el tamaño relativo de aquellas ramas más eficientes o de aquellas donde la eficiencia ha crecido más. El buen comportamiento de la eficiencia comparada de la rama Hostelería y restaurantes explica que la especialización regional en dicha rama se haya convertido en un elemento de mejora para la eficiencia de composición. El cambio productivo ha sido positivo en todo el período analizado excepto en los años 1979 y 1995, con una variación media anual del 3,1% y explicado, casi por completo por el cambio técnico. Las regiones que han experimentado los mayores cambios productivos positivos han sido Cataluña, Galicia, Extremadura, Valencia y Madrid.

  4. Colombia: Mercados regionales y comunicaciones

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    Humberto López López

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La integración está en marcha y es irreversible. Los empresarios asumen la reconversión industrial, trabajadores y profesionales sienten la presión laboral, y los Estados intentan modernizarse y acabar con la corrupción. En las comunicaciones aumenta la demanda de programas, servicios, publicidad y medios de alcance regional. Los medios enfrentarán el dilema cotidiano difundir las cosas del vecino sin afectar la propia identidad.

  5. Regional immunization programs as a model for strengthening cooperation among nations Los programas de vacunación regionales como modelo para reforzar la cooperación entre países

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    Gina Tambini

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Dos funciones esenciales de los programas de vacunación regionales aplicados en varios países simultáneamente consisten en controlar en todo un territorio, franqueando fronteras, las enfermedades que se pueden prevenir mediante la vacunación y en reducir las faltas de equidad en materia de salud. Los buenos resultados de los programas de vacunación regionales dependen del esfuerzo coordinado que hagan los países y sus socios por alcanzar una meta regional en común. Con el fin de explorar las lecciones derivadas de la experiencia, en este artículo se echa un vistazo al Programa Ampliado de Inmunización original de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS, al Fondo Rotatorio de la OPS para la adquisición de vacunas y jeringas para los programas nacionales de vacunación, y a la erradicación de la poliomielitis del territorio americano. Se resaltan estas lecciones para ayudar a los formuladores de políticas en los niveles mundial, regional y subregional a coordinar eficazmente las intervenciones de salud realizadas por varios países en conjunto. Para ser provechosos, los programas de salud regionales tienen que verse respaldados por un genuino compromiso con la cooperación entre países como valor fundamental; la capacidad para averiguar qué problemas existen e idear buenas soluciones; la capacidad para llevar a cabo intervenciones de manera sustentable; el firme compromiso de los ministros de salud y otros jefes de gobierno; la gestión eficaz de los programas; los planes de salud nacionales; la buena supervisión técnica y la coordinación de alianzas; una cooperación técnica más intensa con los países más pobres, donde hay que redoblar los esfuerzos por conseguir más recursos y apoyo; la cooperación entre países; y la capacidad para responder a circunstancias insólitas.

  6. Las políticas regionales compensatorias en el marco de la integración económica: reflexiones en torno al ALCA, los TLC y el Mercosur

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    José Briceño-Ruiz

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El argumento central de este artículo es que el Área de Libre Comercio de las Américas (ALCA -como ambicioso proyecto de apertura comercial- tendrá un enorme impacto en la relocalización de las actividades productivas, afectando a las regiones menos avanzadas al interior de los países miembros. Por esta razón, como lo demuestra la experiencia de la Unión Europea (UE, es necesario establecer políticas compensatorias mediante la creación de fondos regionales que permitan a ciertas regiones mitigar el impacto de la apertura comercial. Tomando en consideración la forma en que se ha tratado este tema en las negociaciones del ALCA, en este artículo se examina la conveniencia o no de instalar una zona de libre comercio en el hemisferio occidental.

  7. "Monetarismo" e politica monetaria italiana

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    G. VACIAGO

    1977-12-01

    Full Text Available The work assesses the role of monetary policy in Italy. An overall definition of the operational indications arising out of monetarism is provided before they are compared with the objectives and strategies of Italian monetary policy. It is shown that, despite the diffusion of the monetarist theses, the Bank of Italy’s analysis and strategy in recent years have been moving in the opposite direction, with the role of the stock of money being significantly reduced. The author examines how far this evolution is justified by the corresponding evolution of the financial system. JEL: E52, E58, E44

  8. "Monetarismo" e politica monetaria italiana

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    G. VACIAGO

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The work assesses the role of monetary policy in Italy. An overall definition of the operational indications arising out of monetarism is provided before they are compared with the objectives and strategies of Italian monetary policy. It is shown that, despite the diffusion of the monetarist theses, the Bank of Italy’s analysis and strategy in recent years have been moving in the opposite direction, with the role of the stock of money being significantly reduced. The author examines how far this evolution is justified by the corresponding evolution of the financial system. JEL: E52, E58, E44

  9. Due tipi di politica monetaria

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    J.C.R. DOW

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The article traces the origin, development and effectiveness of two types of monetary policy. These are the 'demand management' approach, which uses monetary instruments as a means of maintaining policy, and the 'monetary targets' approach. The United Kingdom has moved from favouring the latter approach to the former, and the reasons behind this change of attitude are discussed. In addition the experiences of Italian governments and monetary policies are outlined.  JEL Codes: E52 

  10. Riflessioni sulla politica monetaria internazionale

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    K. BRUNNER

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The present article analyses the current state of international monetary policy and arrangements. The author first examines the nature of monetary arrangements guided by political institutions that are tempted to exploit the monetary system through the monopoly right to issue base money. The development of international institutions for controlling the monopoly right, the system of fixed exchange rates and the gold standard, and the eventual collapse of the Bretton Woods system are then reviewed. The recent development of the European Monetary System, its central issues and its prospects are then assessed. The author concludes that if the bureaucratic approach encouraged by the political process continues to disregard the one and only condition assuring a viable fix-rate system, that is sever constraints national monetary policies, the most likely outcome of the EMS will be a new series of speculative waves and an erratic monetary growth in the stronger currency areas with intermittent pressures on the stronger currency areas to accommodate the comparatively weaker area.JEL: E52, E42, F33

  11. Crédito de instituciones públicas municipales y regionales a las microempresas y empresas de la economía solidaria del Estado Zulia, Venezuela Periodo 2000-2009

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    María Isabel Serrano Montiel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza el financiamiento otorgado por las instituciones públicas municipales y regionales a las microempresas y empresas de la economía solidaria del Estado Zulia, Venezuela. Con información suministrada de las instituciones incluidas en el estudio (y Corpozulia, se examinan las condiciones del financiamiento, la cobertura geográfica de los créditos, las actividades económicas financiadas y la condición sociodemográfica de los beneficiarios. Para ello se utilizó estadística descriptiva, lo que hace que el estudio sea de carácter no experimental. Se concluye que las instituciones antes mencionadas se ajustan a lo que establece la Ley de Microfinanzas en lo relacionado a la cobertura en la extensión territorial del Estado Zulia. En su gran mayoría, los créditos fueron otorgados a mujeres, los jóvenes han sido los menos beneficiados.

  12. Penetration of the renewable sources of energy in Mexico: group of approach on possible guidelines for policies for the renewable energies (Annexe 13 in 'A vision of year 2030 on the use of the renewable energies in Mexico'); Penetracion de las fuentes renovables de energia en Mexico: grupo de enfoque sobre posibles lineamientos de politicas para las energias renovables (Anexo 13 en 'Una vision al 2030 de la utilizacion de las energias renovables en Mexico')

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pernudi, Montserrat; Alonso C, Antonio [Analitica Consultores S.A. de C.V., Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2005-08-15

    This report corresponds to the results obtained in the group of consultation to experts on the possible policy guidelines that could favor the penetration of the renewable energies in Mexico, conducted on July 26, 2005 in Mexico City with a small group of approach, the specific objectives of the meeting were: to define possible policy guidelines that help the future penetration of the renewable energies in Mexico between years 2005 and 2030; and to explore possible obstacles for the implantation of such policies. [Spanish] Este informe corresponde a los resultados obtenidos en el grupo de consulta a expertos sobre los posibles lineamientos de politicas que podrian favorecer la penetracion de las energias renovables en Mexico, realizado el 26 de julio de 2005 en la ciudad de Mexico con un pequeno grupo de enfoque, los objetivos especificos de la reunion fueron: definir posibles lineamientos de politica que ayuden a la penetracion futura de las energias renovables en Mexico entre los anos 2005 y 2030; y explorar posibles obstaculos para la implantacion de dichas politicas.

  13. Modelo analítico rizomático para el estudio de los efectos de las políticas educativas regionales en la experiencia escolar cotidiana: las perspectivas de Rockwell, Bourdieu y Ball

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    Silvana Lorena Lagoria

    Full Text Available Resumen: La escuela cotidiana se comprende en parte por un particular trasfondo que tiñe toda la experiencia que allí se desarrolla. Ese trasfondo lo constituye la cultura escolar. En su construcción intervienen tanto prácticas internas como externas a la escuela, entre ellas, las políticas educativas. La influencia de las políticas educativas regionales sobre la conformación de la cultura institucional en el devenir del cotidiano escolar se plantea como un interesante y complejo objeto a desentrañar. Para emprender ese camino es importante construir una base teórica consistente a partir de la conjunción de diferentes fuentes. En términos de Tello (2015, esto implica concebir un sustento teórico rizomático como base para analizar la cultura escolar en el marco de la “escuela cotidiana” (Rockwell, 2000. En definitiva, lo que planteamos aquí es la necesidad de construir un eje epistemológico potente para hacer inteligibles los efectos de las políticas educativas en el cotidiano escolar. En ese sentido, el presente trabajo se propone interrelacionar un conjunto de perspectivas teóricas a modo de red, para comprender un aspecto intrínseco de la escuela: los efectos de las políticas educativas en la cultura institucional. En primer lugar, definimos qué entendemos por cultura y cultura institucional. A continuación proponemos nuestro modelo analítico rizomático, integrando los aportes teóricos de Rockwell, Bourdieu y Ball. Finalmente, en las conclusiones, realizamos una breve integración de las ideas expuestas en el cuerpo de este trabajo.

  14. Economic Development in Latin America and the regional integrations in the twentieth century Desarrollo económico de América Latina y las integraciones regionales del siglo XXI

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    Rodolfo Iván González Molina

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses some economic integrations in Latin America, which have become an expression  of  governance  in  the  neoliberalist  context.  These  integrations  are  also the results of second-generation adjustments in terms of trade openness, sale of state assets, free short-term capital mobility and Asian and European integrations that  preceded  the  regional  ones.  In  addition  to  this,  this  paper  provides  answers to the following questions: Are integrations aiming to achieve development? Would North-countries integrations take the same endangering course as in South America? Who should benefit from the integrations? Is there a link between development and demographics?Las integraciones económicas en América latina, aquí analizadas, son la expresión de la gobernanza en el contexto del neoliberalismo, son también el resultado de los ajustes de segunda generación, en términos de aperturas comerciales, venta de activos estatales, libre movilidad de capitales de corto plazo y las mismas integraciones europeas y asiáticas que precedieron a las regionales. ¿Son las integraciones la salida al desarro llo? ¿Las integraciones del norte toman el mismo rumbo que las gestadas en el sur del continente? ¿A quién debería beneficiar las integraciones? ¿Existe un vínculo entre el desarrollo y la demografía? Son preguntas que este artículo responde.

  15. Evaluación de la fragmentación en los Sistemas Regionales de Innovación: Una tipología para el caso de España

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    Xabier Alberdi Pons

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene por objeto la realización de una estimación de la conectividad de los Sistemas Regionales de Innovación (SRI españoles. Para ello, evaluamos el fenómeno de la fragmentación explicada en términos de «fallos de sistema», los cuales habían sido descritos de forma fundamentalmente teórica. Por el contrario, nuestra aproximación emplea cuatro conjuntos de indicadores cuantitativos integrados en un marco interpretativo formado por los principales subsistemas del SRI. Así, los denominados: «brechas directivas», «brechas estructurales », «brechas de innovación» y el «valle de la muerte», son situados en el marco presentado para ser posteriormente analizados sobre los SRI de las Comunidades Autónomas españolas a partir de indicadores basados en datos explotados ad hoc por parte del Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE y de la Asociación Española de Entidades de Capital Riesgo (ASCRI. Simplificamos la dimensionalidad de la tabla resultante a través de la aplicación de técnicas multivariantes como el Análisis Factorial Múltiple (AFM o el análisis clúster, las cuales nos conducen a la presentación de una nueva tipología para el caso de España. Descubrimos comportamientos asimétricos en lo que respecta a los «fallos de sistema» expuestos; lo cual podría justificar el diseño de medidas exclusivas para su corrección en atención a la singularidad manifestada por cada sistema observado.

  16. Educação para Ciência, Tecnologia, Engenharia e Matemática e as Relações com a Politica de Avaliação em Larga Escala na Educação Básica

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    Verônica Gesser

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1984644418173Neste artigo tivemos a intenção de caracterizar as relações existentes entre a politica estratégica STEM estadunidense e as politicas de avaliação para a Educação Básica no Estado da Florida. Trata-se, portanto, de uma pesquisa cujos dados foram coletados nos documentos oficiais dos Estados Unidos e do Estado da Florida disponíveis online. Empregamos a análise de conteúdo como técnica no sentido de caracterizar o nível de correspondência, influencias e de relações entre os documentos oficiais de ambas as entidades. As relações que observamos por meio dos termos padronização, mensuração, treinamento, modelos, habilidades, áreas prioritárias, desempenho/progresso e desenvolvimento/crescimento profissional, neste caso, é o de alinhamento, de nivelamento de valores, de imaginários e de verdades determinadas por interesses de alguém ou de determinados grupos hegemônicos e que estão sendo legitimados pelo Estado.    

  17. Comparación de curvas regionales y métodos de precipitación escorrentía para la estimación de avenidas máximas

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    Priscilla Riggioni

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los parámetros más importantes a la hora de escoger y dimensionar una obra hidráulica, indistintamente del tamaño de cuenca, es el caudal de diseño. Este dato se encuentra dentro de la cuantificación de eventos extremos que realizan los profesionales en hidrología. En micro cuencas donde generalmente no existe ningún tipo de registro, se recurre a modelos de precipitación-escorrentía tradicionales o empíricos, para la estimación de este valor. Con estos modelos se pueden obtener estimaciones erróneas de caudales, al sobreestimar la dimensión de las estructuras o, en el peor de los casos, subestimarlas. La magnitud óptima del caudal de diseño es la que posee un balance entre la seguridad de la obra (riesgos asociados y su costo. El presente trabajo de investigación realizó un análisis comparativo de caudales de crecientes asociados a períodos de retorno menores a 500 años para estructuras hidráulicas de pequeño tamaño, ubicadas en micro cuencas sin registros hidrológicos. Para lo anterior, se compararon estimaciones de caudal realizadas entre curvas regionales elaboradas para Costa Rica, contra tres métodos empíricos: método racional, envolventes de Creager y método SCS; para una cuenca piloto en la vertiente Caribe. La comparación de resultados entre distintas metodologías de cálculo mostró una alta dependencia de la calidad de la base de datos y una marcada diferencia entre métodos empíricos y estadísticos. Se llegaron a resultados y conclusiones importantes para micro cuencas, donde los registros de caudal son no confiables o inexistentes.

  18. Disparidades regionales en la Unión Europea. Una aproximación a la cuantificación de la cohesión económica y social

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    Juan R. Cuadrado Roura

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El Tratado de la Unión Europea (UE de 1992 y el texto de la Constitución para Europa, actualmente en proceso de aprobación por los países miembros, establecen como uno de los principales objetivos de la Unión el logro de una más alta cohesión económica y social. La cuantificación de este objetivo incluye un amplio conjunto de aspectos, aunque no están bien definidos en los distintos documentos comunitarios. El PIB por habitante se ha tomado normalmente como el indicador más útil para medir el avance hacia la reducción de las diferencias regionales y los estudios de convergencia. Ha sido, asimismo, el indicador de referencia para establecer el carácter elegible de las regiones europeas más atrasadas para recibir fondos estructurales (regiones «Objetivo 1». Este indicador se utiliza también para valorar las mejoras comparativas de las regiones, aunque sin duda es muy simple para medir adecuadamente los avances hacia una mayor cohesión económica y social. El objetivo de este artículo es proponer una vía de aproximación más completa para medir la cohesión y estimar sus resultados, utilizando métodos multicriterio y, en particular, los del tipo Electre. A tal efecto se utiliza una amplia base de indicadores económico-sociales y el análisis se centra en la evolución de las regiones que en 1987 eran «Objetivo 1» y en aquellas con un PIB p.c. comprendido entre el 75 y el 100% de la media comunitaria. Los resultados permiten detectar importantes diferencias en las posiciones y movimientos de las regiones. Esta vía podría constituir una alternativa para definir las regiones elegibles a efectos de la Política Regional Comunitaria.

  19. Diferencias regionales en la mortalidad por cáncer de mama y cérvix en México entre 1979 y 2006 Regional differences in breast and cervical cancer mortality in Mexico between 1979-2006

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    Lina Sofía Palacio-Mejía

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Explorar las diferencias regionales en la mortalidad por cáncer de mama (CaMa y cervical (CaCu en México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se calcularon tendencias de mortalidad por CaMa y CaCu mediante modelos probabilísticos ajustados por estado, grado de marginación y lugar de residencia (urbano/rural. RESULTADOS: La tendencia de mortalidad por CaMa ha sido ascendente, de una tasa estandarizada de 5.6 muertes por cada 100 000 mujeres en 1979 a 10.1 en 2006. La mortalidad por CaCu alcanzó un pico en 1989 y a partir de esa fecha se redujo a 9.9 en 2006. Las tasas más altas de mortalidad por CaMa se encuentran en la capital (13.2 y la región norte (11.8, mientras en el sur se registra la mortalidad por CaCu más alta (11.9. DISCUSIÓN: El número de muertes por CaMa aumenta de forma gradual a lo largo del tiempo a nivel nacional y persisten elevadas tasas de mortalidad por CaCu en áreas marginadas.OBJECTIVE: Explore the regional differences in breast (BC and cervical cancer (CC mortality in Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We estimated mortality trends for BC and CC using probabilistic models adjusted by state marginalization level and urban and rural residence. RESULTS: BC mortality shows a rising trend, from a rate of 5.6 deaths per 100000 women in 1979 to 10.1 in 2006. The CC mortality rate reached a peak in 1989 and after this decreased significantly to 9.9 in 2006. The highest BC mortality rates are found in Mexico City (13.2 and the northern part of the country (11.8. As for CC, the highest mortality rates are found in the south (11.9 per 100000 women the. DISCUSSION: The number of BC cases are increased gradually at the national level during the last three decades and high rates of CC mortality persist in marginalized areas.

  20. Disparidades regionales en la Unión Europea. Una aproximación a la cuantificación de la cohesión económica y social

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    Juan R. Cuadrado Roura

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available El Tratado de la Unión Europea (UE de 1992 y el texto de la Constitución para Europa, actualmente en proceso de aprobación por los países miembros, establecen como uno de los principales objetivos de la Unión el logro de una más alta cohesión económica y social. La cuantificación de este objetivo incluye un amplio conjunto de aspectos, aunque no están bien definidos en los distintos documentos comunitarios. El PIB por habitante se ha tomado normalmente como el indicador más útil para medir el avance hacia la reducción de las diferencias regionales y los estudios de convergencia. Ha sido, asimismo, el indicador de referencia para establecer el carácter elegible de las regiones europeas más atrasadas para recibir fondos estructurales (regiones «Objetivo 1». Este indicador se utiliza también para valorar las mejoras comparativas de las regiones, aunque sin duda es muy simple para medir adecuadamente los avances hacia una mayor cohesión económica y social. El objetivo de este artículo es proponer una vía de aproximación más completa para medir la cohesión y estimar sus resultados, utilizando métodos multicriterio y, en particular, los del tipo Electre. A tal efecto se utiliza una amplia base de indicadores económico-sociales y el análisis se centra en la evolución de las regiones que en 1987 eran «Objetivo 1» y en aquellas con un PIB p.c. comprendido entre el 75 y el 100% de la media comunitaria. Los resultados permiten detectar importantes diferencias en las posiciones y movimientos de las regiones. Esta vía podría constituir una alternativa para definir las regiones elegibles a efectos de la Política Regional Comunitaria.

  1. La situation politico-linguistique des langues régionales de France: le cas du breton (La situación político-lingüística de las lenguas regionales de Francia: el caso del bretón

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    Karina Costa Morales

    2014-11-01

    Desde el punto de vista lingüístico, Francia es un país muy diverso pesar de la supremacía del francés. Para ampliar esta diversidad, algunos esfuerzos tienden a revalorizar las lenguas regionales, incluso a nivel constitucional. Un caso representativo de esta tendencia es el bretón, lengua celta hablada en el oeste de Francia. En la región de Bretaña, existen varios movimientos político culturales muy activos cuyo objetivo es oficializar la lengua bretona, extenderla y modificar su estatuto y su imagen en la sociedad francesa y bretona. Desde hace algunos lustros, se pueden palpar los resultados de sus acciones; por ejemplo: el bretón en el sistema educativo y en los medios de comunicación y el bretón en el discurso político y el mundo de la cultura. Estos hechos marcan una cierta orientación; sin embargo, las lenguas regionales, particularmente el bretón, tienen dificultades para obtener una estabilidad y su futuro es incierto.

  2. APRESENTACAO COM PRESENCA DE DEBATEDOR COMERCIALIZACAO, MERCADOS E PRECOS AGRICOLAS

    OpenAIRE

    Resende Filho, Moises de Andrade

    2006-01-01

    Esse artigo investiga o valor do sistema nacional de identificação animal (NAIS) a ser implantado nos EUA. Assume-se que os benefícios para o setor de carnes nos EUA virão como conseqüência do efeito do NAIS sobre a percepção do consumidor final em relação ao risco de consumir carne e derivados impróprios para consumo. Sistemas de demanda dos tipos “generalized almost ideal” (GAI) e “generalized quadratic almost ideal” (GQUAIDS) foram estimados incorporando-se índices de reportagens negativas...

  3. Disparidades regionales en el sector manufacturero mexicano

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandra Berenice Trejo Nieto

    2008-01-01

    Este artículo examina los cambios a nivel espacial del sector manufacturero mexicano. Las transformaciones ocurridas después de la liberalización comercial y el Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte (tlcan) son particularmente considerados. Empleamos información del Producto Interno Bruto (pib) manufacturero (1970-2004) en el ámbito estatal en una revisión de participaciones y densidades estatales. Los datos revelan la existencia de un proceso de dispersión del pib manufacturero tota...

  4. Unternehmen in der Verantwortung. Regionaler Strukturwandel anders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kost, Klaus; Weingarten, Jörg

    2016-03-01

    Factory closures, relocations and extensive measures to reduce personnel have consequences far beyond the affected employees - the social and economic coherence of the location and region are often negatively affected, too. This presents an interesting and important field for economic and applied geography. Apart from the development and evaluation of concepts of instruments of regional development, geographers can discuss and conceive options and obstacles for compensation and replacement measures after corporate restructuring. This text discusses structural and individual opportunities and obstacles in implementing company-induced economic development measures in the wider context of the corporate responsibility debate.

  5. Clusterentwicklung als regionale Verantwortung:. Volkswagen in Wolfsburg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiese, Matthias

    2016-03-01

    This contribution analyses the role of corporate regional responsibility (CRR) in cluster development, using the case of Volkswagen and its headquarter city Wolfsburg for illustration. The conceptual discussion of CRR and cluster development shows obvious synergies, as both the firm and the region benefit from the firm-led upgrading of the business environment. Recognising that their fate is mutually linked, Volkswagen started making strategic investment in its headquarter location in the late 1990s, based on a cluster concept. Despite apparent achievements in attracting suppliers and increasing the attractiveness and dynamism of the location, the company town's dependence on its dominant firm remains obvious. Wolfsburg thus provides a showcase for the congruence of interests between firm and city as a precondition for successful CRR, but its transferability appears confined to company towns dominated by a single employer.

  6. Sindromes Dolorosos Regionales, Columna, Hombro y Rodilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolff C. Verónica, Dra.

    2012-07-01

    En la rodilla, los trastornos periarticulares incluyen bursitis y tendinitis de distintas estructuras, y hay que considerar la osteonecrosis dentro del diagnóstico diferencial del dolor de rodilla del adulto mayor.

  7. Wederkerigheidspatronen in regionale samenwerkingsverbanden : Een gedragstheoretische benadering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zuidersma, J.

    2012-01-01

    The trend that saw care, welfare and educational institutions being expected to collaborate at a local level began in the 1980s. This is now standard practice, with, for example, the implementation of the WMO (Social Support Act) or the Brede School (a network of provisions for children, parents and

  8. Wederkerigheidspatronen in regionale samenwerkingsverbanden: Een gedragstheoretische benadering

    OpenAIRE

    Zuidersma, J.

    2012-01-01

    The trend that saw care, welfare and educational institutions being expected to collaborate at a local level began in the 1980s. This is now standard practice, with, for example, the implementation of the WMO (Social Support Act) or the Brede School (a network of provisions for children, parents and district with the school at its core), but Zuidersma noticed that this was still very much in its infancy fifteen years ago. She conducted research into local collaboration between care and educat...

  9. Gasto público y desigualdades regionales

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    Sandoval Betancourth Gustavo

    1985-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Este ensayo es una versión revisada de un capítulo de la tesis presentada por el autor para optar el grado de magister en economía en la Universidad Nacional de Colombia

  10. Las leyendas regionales como intangibles territoriales

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    Eloy Martos Núñez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo examina el concepto de leyenda como intangible territorial en diversas escalas, desde la local a la regional o nacional, y su relación con la construcción de mitos étnicos y la emergencia de tradiciones translocales. Para ello, se revisan la metodología de los estudios corográficos y las nociones de ecotipo y de paisaje cultural, así como la etnografía de los territorios simbólicos a la luz de conceptos como el clásico «témenos» y modernos como el «mytho-moteur» (Abadal, 1958. Se aplican estudios de casos que evidencian cómo es el Imaginario, en interacción con factores geohistóricos del lugar, el que a menudo acota y perimetrea un territorio a través de cauces como la fabulación legendaria y los ritos paralitúgicos, como procesiones o peregrinaciones. La conclusión es que las leyendas y los arquetipos de origen étnico y genealógico reescriben tradiciones que crean identidades y se pueden proyectar en ámbitos diferentes de la vida política o recreativa, con perfiles igualmente diferentes.

  11. Forskning ved regionale hospitalsenheder i Vestdanmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Gunnar Lauge; Petersen, Lars Jelstrup; Hornung, Nete

    2009-01-01

    only equivalent to 0.1%, 0.3%, 0.3% and 0.6% of the total budget. Most hospitals had associate professors, but only five had full professors. Seven hospitals supplied laboratories and technical facilities, eight hospitals held staff-meetings on a regular basis and four published an annual report......INTRODUCTION: According to recently passed Danish legislation, all Danish hospitals are obliged to take part in scientific research. As data on financial support for research activities are lacking, we assessed the resources allocated to research from the budget of the central hospital management...... on research activities. CONCLUSION: In the majority of regional hospitals in Western Denmark, less than 0.3% of the total budget administered by the central hospital management was allocated specifically for research. These figures, however, may not be accurate as individual departments may allocate...

  12. Estéticas regionales contemporáneas: digresiones sobre política cultural, acción artística y la singularidad del pensamiento estético

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    Mario Madroñero Morillo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available La reflexión sobre la posibilidad de unas estéticas regionales contemporáneas pretende poner en escena —y en abismo— problemáticas referidas a la concepción del arte, la teoría estética, la enseñanza del arte y las acciones artísticas en un contexto regional. Ella trae, además, la posibilidad de un manifiesto por el "derecho de artes" que implica la comprensión del arte como acontecer político en diferencia. Este derecho conllevaría una concepción de creación anterior a la ley en cuanto técnica (por lo tanto an-árquica que permitiría la comprensión de la estética de la existencia y de la libertad del arte.ABSTRACTThe reflection on the possibility of contemporary regional aesthetics aims to put on stage problems related to the concepts of art, aesthetic theory, art education and artistic activities in a regional context. It also brings about the possibility of a manifesto for the "Right of Arts" which involves the understanding of art as a political event "in difference". This right would entail a conception of creation anteceding law as technique (hence an-archic that would in turn allow an understanding of the aesthetics of existence and the freedom of art.RÉSUMÉLa réflexion sur la possibilité d’esthétiques régionales contemporaines vise à mettre en scène -et en abime- les problématiques liées à la conception de l’art, la théorie esthétique, l’enseignement de l’art et les actions artistiques dans un contexte régional. Elle apporte, également, la possibilité d’un manifeste pour le «droit des arts» qui implique la compréhension de l’art comme événement politique différencié. Ce droit entraînerait une conception de création antérieure à la loi en tant que technique (d’où an-archique qui permettrait la compréhension de l’esthétique de l’existence et de la liberté de l’art.RESUMOA reflexão sobre a possibilidade de umas estéticas regionais contemporâneas pretende pôr em

  13. Mortality from oral and pharyngeal cancer in Brazil: trends and regional patterns, 1979-2002 La mortalidad por cáncer bucal y faríngeo en el Brasil: tendencias epidemiológicas regionales, 1979-2002

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    Antonio Fernando Boing

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To investigate the trends and regional patterns in mortality from oral cancer and pharyngeal cancer in Brazil from 1979 through 2002. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Mortality Information System (Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade database, which is compiled by the Ministry of Health of Brazil. Mortality rates were adjusted by gender and age. The Prais-Winsten generalized linear regression procedure was used to calculate the annual increase or decrease in mortality rates. The time trends for mortality due to oral cancer and to pharyngeal cancer were analyzed by specific anatomical site and by region of the country (North, Northeast, South, Southeast, and Center-West. RESULTS: In all five regions of Brazil over the period studied, oral cancer mortality remained stable for both genders, but pharyngeal cancer mortality increased for both genders. Mortality from cancer affecting the lips, tongue, gums, mouth floor, palate, other parts of the mouth, and tonsils showed a statistically significant decrease over the period. However, mortality from cancer affecting the oropharynx, hypopharynx, and ill-defined and undefined sites of the oral cavity and the pharynx showed a significant increase. Mortality rates for both oral cancer and pharyngeal cancer were higher in the South and Southeast regions of the country than in Brazil's three other regions. CONCLUSIONS: The relatively larger decrease in mortality from cancer affecting the lips, gums, and other anatomical sites more easily accessible to clinical inspection suggests a possible link between oral and pharyngeal cancer survival and an improved provision of health care services in Brazil in recent decades.OBJETIVO: Investigar las tendencias y patrones regionales mostrados por la mortalidad por cáncer bucal y faríngeo en el Brasil de 1979 a 2002. MÉTODOS: La información se obtuvo de la base de datos del Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade, recopilada por el Ministerio

  14. Estudio de tendencias climáticas y generación de escenarios regionales de cambio climático en una cuenca hidrográfica binacional en América del Sur

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    Oñate-Valdivieso, Fernando

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite the fact that there is no agreement among scientists about global warming, climate change, and their effects, there is no doubt that the availability of water resources depends to a great extent on climate. With the purpose of seeking evidence of climate change, the tendencies of the historical series of rainfall and temperature recorded in 40 climate stations located in the Ecuadorian-Peruvian border were studied by applying a fourth order moving average filter. After considering two different scenarios of climate evolution which were proposed by the IPCC, and applying 8 general circulation models, future regional scenarios of rainfall and temperature towards the year were generated toward the future years of 2025, 2050 and 2080. Evidence of climate change was found, and increasing trend of temperature, which is consistent with the volume of emissions of greenhouse gases. According to the scenarios analyzed, considerable climate disorders are forecasted with a steady increase in temperature and an oscillating decrease in rainfall.

    A pesar de que no hay consenso unánime entre la comunidad científica sobre el calentamiento global, el cambio climático y sus efectos, es innegable que el clima condiciona en gran medida la disponibilidad de los recursos hídricos. Buscando evidencias de un posible cambio climático, en el presente trabajo se estudian las tendencias de las series históricas de precipitación y temperatura registradas en 40 estaciones climáticas ubicadas en la región fronteriza ecuatoriano-peruana aplicando un filtro de medias móviles de cuarto orden. Considerando dos escenarios distintos de evolución climática propuestos por el IPCC y aplicando 8 modelos de circulación general se generaron escenarios regionales futuros de precipitación y temperatura hacia los años horizonte 2025, 2050 y 2080. Se encontraron evidencias de cambio climático, así como tendencias crecientes de la temperatura que son

  15. OPINION PUBLICA, CULTURAS POLITICAS Y DEMOCRACIA

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    Pedro Santana Rodríguez

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available El autor realiza un acercamiento al deber ser de la democracia desde el abordaje de categorías como opinión pública y consenso, elementos indispensables en la construcción de una cultura política.

  16. POLITICAS E REFORMAS EDUCACIONAIS NO CONTEXTO NEOLIBERAL

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    Zelina Cardoso

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This work has been prepared through bibliographic search to give focus to the influences of neoliberalism and international organizations in educational policymaking. It is important to stress that the educational system was the fruit of neoliberal hegemony season, that originated the legislation responsible education guidelines. The neoliberal philosophy, although it has been defended Friedrich Von Hayek in l945, only took strength in the mid-1970s, when collapsed economic liberalism system of John Maynard Keynes. In the years 1980 many countries, especially Latin American were in debt crisis and with that came on the scene, the World Bank debt management, as well as to promote the development of countries through external funding; The World Bank, to identify in education a human development factor, treat it as a fundamental part of funding agreements. To this end adopted tough measures for the reduction of public spending, compulsory education State responsibility only for basic education, directing education for the private sector, subject to the laws of the market. Measures were recommended to the complete reform of the educational system and the role of the State in its administration and funding, aimed at improving the quality, equity and efficiency. These measures, from the power of multilateral bodies, based on principles were winning the neoliberal view and consent between governmental authorities and government in government, have been incorporated into the Brazilian legislation.

  17. UNIUNEA EUROPEANĂ ŞI POLITICA MULTILINGVISMULUI

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    Virginia Veja

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Le processus d’unification européenne auquel nous assistons depuis quelque temps apporte endiscussion, inévitablement, le problème de la communication à l’intérieur de l’espace communautaire et lesorientations en ce qui concerne la politique du multilinguisme et de l’enseignement des langues dans les paysconcernés. Entre les positions plaidant pour l’unilinguisme et l’homogénéisation linguistique et celles, beaucoupplus nuancées et ayant plus de chances de réussite, qui voient dans le maintien et le développement de ladiversité linguistique et culturelle une base réelle pour l’accomplissement de la « paix » linguistique, l’auteur deces lignes se donne la peine de présenter les choses de manière impersonnelle, sans aucun parti-pris, etd’esquisser, autant que possible, un tableau de la situation des langues dans l’Europe unie.

  18. EL PERIODISMO CIVICO COMO COMUNICACION POLITICA

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    Ana María Miralles C.

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available La autora retoma el ejercicio del periodismo cívico como el espacio en el cual la formación de la opinión pública adquiere características de un proyecto político dinámico en el que el ciudadano es el ente fundamental.

  19. TELEVISION Y POLITICA MEDIATICA EN MEXICO

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Andrés Sandoval Forero

    2002-01-01

    En México los medios de información y desinformación se han convertido en el centro de la dinámica de la política nacional. La visibilidad mediática de los candidatos, convertidos en ídolos por excesos de imagen y efectos espectaculares, es una nueva forma de poder, que debilita cualquier construcción de cultura política democrática. En el presente artículo se pretende analizar las nuevas dinámicas que los partidos políticos, el gobierno y los candidatos ejercen a través de ...

  20. Politica monetaria: previsione e programmazione a breve

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    G. VACIAGO

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available There have been notable developments in monetary theory over the last twenty years which have done much to clarify the role of monetary variables in economic activity and the related “transmission mechanism” of monetary policy. Even so, there are still conflicting theories and correspondingly lively debates between their proponents. The present article, within a general framework of the mechanism of monetary policy, looks at the relation between the results of these developments and their successive approximations used in empirical analyses of the effects of monetary policy. The author puts forward an aggregated model of the Italian monetary sector designed for short-term forecasting and policy, and considers the results of the economic estimates, its predictive performance and its policy implications.JEL: E44, E47, E52

  1. Note sulla teoria della politica monetaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. CESARANO

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The theoretical foundations of monetary policy are made up from the analysis of the essential properties of money and the relations that link currencies to the economic system. From this double set of closely related principles derive the behavioural norms set for monetary authorities. The ongoing and unresolved debate on the actions of policymakers has its origins in the contrast between different approaches to the theory of money. This is due not so much to the dependence of the assumptions from the institutional framework, typical of a relativist position, as it is to the intrinsic complexity of the phenomena considered. The purpose of the present work is to discuss the limits and the significance of the different rules of conduct through a survey about the main characteristics of the underlying models. JEL Codes: E52 

  2. EL MENSAJE DE LA ECONOMIA POLITICA RADICAL

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    Alfonso Barceló

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available La economía se presenta a menudo como la ciencia social más madura y exacta, capaz de orientar acciones, realizar pronósticos, explicar el pasado. Todo ello de una manera, si no impecable, sí satisfactoria a grandes rasgos. Ya lo dijo Popper de manera poco cautelosa: "El éxito de la Economía Matemática muestra que por lo menos una ciencia social ha pasado por su revolución newtoniana" (Popper, 1957, 74. También goza la economía de buenas referencias en lo que atañe a su genealogía y tradición intelectual: algunas de sus máximas tienen un respetable pedigrí de más de dos siglos. Por otra parte, sus argumentaciones más preciadas suelen presentarse en la alta sociedad académica vestidas con formalismos matemáticos aparatosos, cuando no espectaculares. A primera vista parece, pues, hallarse en un estado muy saludable, bien orientada en cuanto a bases y perspectivas. Luego no es de extrañar que sea motivo de envidia y de imitación por parte de investigadores de campos vecinos que también aspiran a entender cómo funcionan los seres humanos en sociedad.El resultado final es un texto un tanto híbrido, a medio camino entre el ensayo de divulgación y las notas de clase. De todos modos, aunque sus objetivos sean modestos en lo que se refiere a rigor y originalidad, confío en que cumpla en alguna medida el cometido asignado, a saber, sugerir e incluso provocar. Deseo puntualizar, por último, que algunas de las ideas aquí expuestas se hallan argumentadas de forma más sistemática y cuidada en el artículo "Teoría económica y enfoque de la reproducción" (in Febrero, ed., Qué es la economía, Madrid, Pirámide, 1997, págs. 241-269, así como en mis libros Filosofía de la economía (Barcelona, Icaria, 1992 y Economía política radical (Madrid, Síntesis, 1998.

  3. Republicanismo y Ecología Politica

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    Francisco Garrido Peña

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In this work, is formulated a possible ideological hybridization between contemporary republicanism and political ecology. The proposal is an ecological republicanism or a republican ecologism, on condition that the republicanism is based in a weak anthropocentrism and the political ecology is also based in a weak biocentrism. According to this proposal, the political ecology expands the original orientation of republicanism (the equality, and the republicanism sutures one of the potential pathologies (authoritarian fisiocratism of political ecology.Resumen: En este trabajo formulo una posible hibridación ideológica entre el republicanismo contemporáeo y la ecología política. La propuesta es un republicanismo ecológico o un ecologismo, republicano a condición de que el republicanismo se fundamente en un antropocentrismo débil y la ecología política se base también en un biocentrismo débil. Según esta propuesta, la ecología política amplia la orientación original del republicanismo (la via igualitaria y el republicanismo sutura alguno de las patologías potenciales (fisiocratismo autoritario de la ecología política.Abstract: In this work, is formulated a possible ideological hybridization between contemporary republicanism and political ecology.

  4. Le vespe qualunquiste e la satira politica

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    Maurizio Cocco

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The weekly review «L’Uomo Qualunque» was the most popular newspaper in Italy in the second postwar. Created by a Neapolitan playwright, Guglielmo Giannini, it was the voice of the discontent of the middle classes and strongly opposed the CLN governments and the antifascist political parties.The paper aims to provide analysis of the use of satire in the newspaper. It focuses on the section named «Le vespe», in which Giannini used jokes and humorous anecdotes to criticize the transition from fascism to democracy; in particular the epuration, the political system and its personnel.

  5. Falla activa de Quito y fuentes sismogenéticas regionales: un estudio del riesgo sísmico de Quito (Ecuador con el análisis de los sedimentos cuaternarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available FAILLE ACTIVE DE QUITO ET SOURCES SISMOGENETIQUES REGIONALES: UNE ETUDE DE L’ALEA SISMIQUE DE QUITO (EQUATEUR PAR L’ANALYSE DES SEDIMENTS QUATERNAIRES. De nombreux événements sismiques ont été décrits au cours des 460 ans d’histoire écrite de la ville, ils atteignent une valeur IX sur l’échelle d’intensité (MSK. Parmi les diverses sources sismogènes susceptibles d’affecter sensiblement la capitale, on considère la faille de Quito capable de produire des intensités supérieures à VIII. Elle se caractérise comme la source potentiellement la plus dangereuse pour la ville. Dans le registre historique, son activité fut possiblement identifiée en 1755, produisant alors une intensité de VIII-IX (MSK dans Quito. Afin de connaître la vitesse de cette faille et la récurrence des événements majeurs (laquelle est supérieure à la durée de l’enregistrement historique, il a été nécessaire d’étudier la séquence géologique quaternaire. La paléosismicité a été mise en évidence grâce à l’observation de niveaux de paléoliquéfaction enregistrés dans les sédiments. Durant l’analyse des sédiments holocènes de la partie basse de la ville, des témoins de l’activité sismique régionale ont été observés, de même que des indices d’activité de la faille de Quito sous la forme de failles synsédimentaires et de déformations sismotectoniques. Un enregistrement paléosismique relativement complet a été rencontré dans le bassin nord de la ville, notamment dans l’affleurement de la “Calle Pinzón” où une vingtaine de niveaux paléosismiques ont été mis en évidence sous la forme de couches contournées de type invaginations. Ces figures sont produites en fond de lac, à l’interface entre eau et sédiments. En comparant ces niveaux avec des exemples de la littérature, les relations définies entre accélération horizontale et intensité sismique (log aH = 0.014 + 0.30IMM et la distribution des intensit

  6. The reorganization of irrigation system in Piedmont; La riorganizzazione del sistema irriguo piemontese

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baratti, S. [Associazione Irrigazione Est Sesia, Direzione Generale, Novara (Italy)

    2001-02-01

    da tale situazione si e' resa necessaria la redazione e l'approvazione di un'apposita legge regionale che, tra l'altro, favorisce un'oculata azione di riordino irriguo. La legge: Norme in materia di bonifica e di irrigazioni del 9 agosto 1999 n. 21, dedica il Capo II ai consorzi di bonifica, mentre il Capo III ai consorzi di irrigazione; sono previsti anche consorzi di irrigazione e bonifica (artt. 47 e 48) cioe' quegli enti che svolgono, oltre alle funzioni proprie dei consorzi di irrigazione, anche attivita' di bonifica, cosi' come gia' avviene per l'Est Sesia di Novara. L'agricoltura italiana, e quindi anche quella piemontese, risulta oggi sostanzialmente condizionata dalle decisioni che vengono assunte nell'ambito della politica agricola della Comunita' Economica Europea, di cui l'Italia fa parte; l'agricoltura della Comunita' Europea, soggetta a maggiori costi di produzione determinati anche da vincoli di natura ecologica e sanitaria, altrove inesistenti, si trova in grave difficolta' ad inserirsi nel mercato mondiale ove i prezzi dei prodotti agricoli sono spesso notevolmente piu' bassi; da qui una serie di problemi che non hanno ancora trovato una chiara e definitiva linea di soluzione. Particolarmente sentita e' altresi' l'esigenza di contenere i costi dell'irrigazione mantenendo una gestione sempre piu' economica dei canali e delle relative pertinenze. In questo ambito rientra anche la necessita' dell'adeguamento delle strutture operative dei consorzi alle nuove opportunita' che vengono loro offerte dalla recente legislazione nazionale e regionale nei settori della difesa del suolo, della salvaguardia e della valorizzazione del territorio e dell'ambiente.

  7. The situation of the wolf (Canis lupus in the area of the Regional Park of the Simbruini Mountains / La situazione del Lupo (Canis lupus nell'area del Parco Naturale Regionale dei Monti Simbruini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Verucci

    1992-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This work presents the results of a field research on the species Canis lupus in the Regional Park of the Simbruini Mountains. In relation to Wolf conservation, an investigation on feral and free-roving dogs was carried out. The method of snowtracking was used for Wolves and Feral dogs, the method of sighting was used for free-roving dogs. The research underlines the importance of the Simbruini Mountains for the protection of Wolf in central Apennines and the factors, at present, threatening its survival. Riassunto Nel presente lavoro vengono illustrati i risultati di una ricerca sul campo sulla specie Canis lupus nel Parco Naturale Regionale dei Monti Simbruini. In relazione agli aspetti riguardanti la conservazione del Lupo, è stata compiuta un'indagine sul fenomeno del randagismo canino. Per i lupi e i cani inselvatichiti è stato usato il metodo dello snowtracking, per le altre categorie di Cani è stato utilizzato il metodo dell'avvistamento. La ricerca ha messo in luce l'importanza dell'area dei Simbruini per la salvaguardia del Lupo nell'Appennino centrale e i fattori che, attualmente, ne minacciano la sopravvivenza.

  8. Cultura politica di partito e cultura politica nazionale: il caso del Pci nella Prima Repubblica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Millefiorini

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the paper we are explaining those aspects of the Italian Communist Party, that, thanks to the particular organized structure, contributed, in a meaningful way, to outline some characteristic features of the Italian political culture. There are four aspects of them: the first one was represented by a strong level of ideologism that for reaction and contamination passed from its main centre of diffusion (which was just the P.C.I to the other actors of the Italian party system, whose high level of ideologization produced models of interpretation of problems and of decisions, elaboration and planning, about not so much pragmatic plans; on the contrary, concerning rhetoric or propagandistic approaches.A second, relevant effect to which contributed in this case not only the political communist culture, we are analyzing above all from this point of view: it was constituted by the leadership exerced by the political parties that acquired in the symbolic values of the Italians universe as regards the other components of the Political system; the consequences of this situation we are going to analyze in the paper.A third element was the strong statalism which constituted the political culture of the country at least till the end of seventies.The fourth factor spread by the political communist culture was given by the egualitarianism. It assumed a relevant role at the organizing and structural level concerning the burocratic machinery; the values connected to it not always produced good results in efficiency, in resources optimization and productivity.

  9. Van trias politica naar duas politica; Een verkenning van een nieuw evenwicht

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Happé, R.H.

    2001-01-01

    De positie van de regering, in de figuur van de staatssecretaris van Financien is steeds sterker geworden, zowel tegenover het parlement, als tegenvoer de inspecteur als het bestuursorgaan dat de aanslagen oplegt. Daarbij komt een steeds grotere nadruk te liggen op eenheid van beleid. Ook de

  10. Uscire dalla crisi finanziaria statunitense: la politica domina l’economia nella Nuova Economia Politica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JAN KREGEL

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Most economists expected that the “Great Recession” produced by the financial meltdown of 2008 would usher in a resurgence of traditional Keynesian economics and a decline of what has come to be called “market fundamentalism”. By contrast, also due to the inadequate size of the 2009 stimulus package, the resurgence of support for Keynesian expenditure policies has been extremely short lived. However, the negative popular and political reaction should not have come as a surprise, at least for three reasons: the design of the Obama stimulus plan and its difference from the expenditure policies of the Roosevelt Administration; the political environment that has eviscerated fiscal policy and placed monetary policy at the centre of economic policy and produced “debt driven” growth; the difference between policies appropriate to treating an income deflation and a debt deflation.

  11. Participación de los gobiernos regionales en la definición de políticas públicas en Chile: el caso del gobierno regional de Los Lagos y la política nacional de acuicultura Participation of regional governments in the definition of public policy in Chile: the case of Los Lagos regional government and the National Policy of Hydroponics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Santibáñez Handschuh

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo aporta evidencia respecto de la participación de los gobiernos regionales en la definición de políticas públicas en Chile a través del caso del gobierno regional de Los Lagos. Se evalúa la participación de los principales actores regionales en la definición de políticas públicas como indicador del grado de centralización en el diseño político institucional en Chile. La metodología utilizada fue el análisis documental relacionado con el caso presentado, el conocimiento del estado del arte respecto del análisis de políticas públicas como disciplina y la descentralización, posteriormente se contrastaron las hipótesis que guiaron el estudio a través del análisis de discurso aplicado a las entrevistas de los actores que estuvieron involucrados en la definición de la Política Nacional de Acuicultura.The article treats the participation of regional governments in the definition of public policy in Chile through the case of Los Lagos Regional Government. It evaluates the participation of the principal regional actors in the definition of public policy as indicators of the degree of centralization in the political institutional design of Chile. The methodology used was the documentary analysis related to the illustrated case, the knowledge of the state refering to the analysis of public policy as a discipline, and the decentralization. Later it was shown the hypotheses that guided the study through the analysis of discourse applied to the interviews of the actors who were involved in the definition of National Policy of Hydroponics.

  12. Prioridades regionales y nacionales de investigación en salud, Perú 2010-2014: un proceso con enfoque participativo y descentralista Regional and national priorities in health research, Peru 2010-2014: a process with a participative and decentralist approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Caballero

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available El Perú realizó varios esfuerzos por identificar prioridades nacionales de investigación en salud desde 1974 mediante procesos históricamente planificados con base en opiniones de expertos, con escaso impacto. Se decidió generar cambio en la gestión de la investigación para revertir las debilidades de los procesos anteriores, aplicando una metodología con enfoque participativo y descentralista. Para establecer prioridades regionales y nacionales de investigación enfocadas en los problemas sanitarios del país y promover el compromiso y participación de los actores clave, el Instituto Nacional de Salud desarrolló un proceso de consulta ciudadana en tres fases i abogacía y talleres en 20 regiones; ii un taller de análisis del Plan Nacional Concertado de Salud con 200 expertos en Lima; iii el foro nacional, con 500 representantes en 50 mesas de trabajo. Las prioridades de investigación para el Perú en el periodo 2010-2014 son: investigaciones para conocer los problemas de los recursos humanos en salud y los problemas de salud mental; investigaciones para evaluar el impacto de los programas sociales en reducción de la desnutrición infantil, las intervenciones actuales en mortalidad materna e intervenciones en las enfermedades transmisibles; finalmente, investigaciones operativas en enfermedades transmisibles.Peru has performed many efforts to identify national health research priorities since 1974 through processes historically planned based on expert opinions, with little impact. It was decided to generate a change in the management of research in order to overcome the weaknesses of the previous processes, applying a methodology with a participative and decentralized approach. In order to establish the regional and national research priorities of the key stakeholders, the Instituto Nacional de Salud (Peru developed a process of citizenship consult through three phases i advocacy and workshops in 20 regions; ii a workshop for the

  13. Handicap og beskæftigelse. Regionale forskelle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Brian; Mølgaard Miiller, Max; Høgelund, Jan

    Denne rapport belyser beskæftigelsessituationen for personer med handicap i et regionalt perspektiv. Formålet er at bidrage med viden om den udfordring, landets fire beskæftigelsesregioner står over for i forbindelse med indsatsen over for personer med handicap. På baggrund af en...... interviewundersøgelse af ca. 9.000 personer viser rapporten, at personer med handicap tilsyneladende er bedst integreret på arbejdsmarkedet i Nordjylland. Blandt andet udgør personer med handicap en lidt større del af de beskæftigede i Nordjylland end i resten af landet, og lønmodtagere i Nordjylland er oftere positivt...... indstillet til at få en kollega med handicap, end lønmodtagere i de tre andre regioner. Desuden er kendskabet til beskæftigelsesfremmende støtteordninger større blandt personer med handicap i Nordjylland og Syddanmark end på Sjælland og i Midtjylland....

  14. Overzicht kwaliteitsindicatoren regionale laboratoria voor Down syndroom screening - 2015 RIVM

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bom E; Rodenburg W; PNB; I&V

    2017-01-01

    Het screeningslaboratorium van het RIVM is een van de zeven laboratoria in Nederland die de zogeheten combinatietest uitvoert voor zwangere vrouwen op de syndromen van Down, Edwards en Patau. Dit rapport beschrijft de kwaliteitsindicatoren van de analyses die het laboratorium uitvoert voor de

  15. Overgewichtpreventie in het voortgezet onderwijs: het landelijke en regionale beeld

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Middelbeek L; Blokdijk L; Schuit AJ; Buijs G; Rutz SI; Schilthuis HJ; Bemelmans WJE; PZO

    2007-01-01

    With regard to the food and physical activity offered at secondary schools, improvements can be made that can contribute to the reduction of overweight among the youth. This was shown in the first national survey on the prevention of overweight at Dutch secondary schools. The survey cited canteens

  16. Las fuentes documentales de los archivos regionales y provinciales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro LÓPEZ GÓMEZ

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Constituye una obligación para el lector el aclarar ciertos conceptos que vamos a utilizar con frecuencia, y definirlos y delimitarlos, si es posible, pues constatamos una cierta ambigüedad terminológica en relación a la ciencia archivística y sus relaciones con la historia, que nos gustaría evitar en este caso.

  17. Bredbånds betydning for den regionale udvikling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Péronard, Jean-Paul de Cros; Just, Flemming

    broadband capacity. Most important is the policy makers' ability to pro-vide broadband content that will support the local social integration. In particu-lar, it is important to employ broadband in order to support elderly and handi-capped so that they may remain in their own homes. It is also crucial...... of an urban and rural broadband gap with limiting factors, such as lack of access and of relevant content, as well as the costs of switching to broadband. More research should thus focus on the demand-side of broadband and in particular on contents services and consumer adoption. In sum, the diffusion...

  18. LAS HISTORIAS DE LA LITERATURA REGIONALES COMO NUEVO PARADIGMA IDENTITARIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Paola Guzmán Méndez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente artículo se deriva de un proceso de investigación doctoral en torno a la problemática de la periodización de la literatura colombiana. Por tal razón, se presenta una revisión historiográfica, fruto de la observación académica de los procesos sociales y literarios. Ejemplo de ello es la formación de la Gran Colombia que, no sólo constituyó un plan de unificación continental fallido, sino que devino en dos elementos retóricos fundamentales que jugaron un papel principal en la conformación de la identidad nacional: la imagen de ciudadano y de la gran familia granadina. Luego de la disolución del plan bolivariano, cada país tuvo que mirar hacia su realidad, el territorio de lo que hoy es Colombia se encontró con una serie de fronteras y fragmentaciones entre las regiones que conformaban la geografía nacional. El discurso literario se transformó en el medio más idóneo para expresar y reafirmar la presencia, que regiones distintas a la capital buscaban legitimar en el marco del discurso hegemónico oficial. Por tal razón, las historias de la literatura regional configuran, en sus inicios, un discurso de raza que trasparenta la influencia y pervivencia de los elementos que impulsaron el nacimiento de la Gran Colombia.

  19. Brechas regionales de la mortalidad infantil en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta C Jaramillo-Mejía

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Estudiar las variaciones de la tasa de mortalidad infantil (TMI en los departamentos de Colombia durante el período 2003-2009, examinar la persistencia de las variaciones entre los departamentos sobre el tiempo y relacionarlas con el impacto de las condiciones socioeconómicas y la disponibilidad de servicios de salud, sobre la mortalidad infantil. Materiales y métodos. Utilizando estadísticas vitales y relacionando datos socioeconómicos y de servicios de salud, se analizaron tres aspectos: la variación de la TMI departamental (2003-2009, la relación entre la TMI departamental y determinantes claves en el tiempo, y las líneas de causalidad e impacto relativo de los diferentes factores. Se emplearan ecuaciones estructurales. Resultados. Se encontró una razón de 4,7 entre la mayor y menor TMI departamental (2009, esta podría estar subestimada principalmente por el subregistros en departamentos de bajos ingresos. Hay una relación negativa entre la TMI departamental con el tiempo y variables altamente correlacionadas, como educación de la madre, ingreso per cápita, cobertura de aseguramiento y acceso a servicios. Conclusiones. El efecto del aseguramiento, disponibilidad de camas privadas y atención médica, es superior al impacto de mejores condiciones socioeconómicas sobre la TMI. La oferta de servicios no parece estar influenciada por una política racional, los recursos no se asignan de acuerdo con las necesidades, sino con el desarrollo general. Las camas privadas se hacen disponibles donde hay mejor aseguramiento en salud y menor TMI

  20. Brechas regionales de la mortalidad infantil en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta C. Jaramillo-Mejía

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Estudiar las variaciones de la tasa de mortalidad infantil (TMI en los departamentos de Colombia durante el período 2003-2009, examinar la persistencia de las variaciones entre los departamentos sobre el tiempo y relacionarlas con el impacto de las condiciones socioeconómicas y la disponibilidad de servicios de salud, sobre la mortalidad infantil. Materiales y métodos. Utilizando estadísticas vitales y relacionando datos socioeconómicos y de servicios de salud, se analizaron tres aspectos: la variación de la TMI departamental (2003-2009, la relación entre la TMI departamental y determinantes claves en el tiempo, y las líneas de causalidad e impacto relativo de los diferentes factores. Se emplearan ecuaciones estructurales. Resultados. Se encontró una razón de 4,7 entre la mayor y menor TMI departamental (2009, esta podría estar subestimada principalmente por el subregistros en departamentos de bajos ingresos. Hay una relación negativa entre la TMI departamental con el tiempo y variables altamente correlacionadas, como educación de la madre, ingreso per cápita, cobertura de aseguramiento y acceso a servicios. Conclusiones. El efecto del aseguramiento, disponibilidad de camas privadas y atención médica, es superior al impacto de mejores condiciones socioeconómicas sobre la TMI. La oferta de servicios no parece estar influenciada por una política racional, los recursos no se asignan de acuerdo con las necesidades, sino con el desarrollo general. Las camas privadas se hacen disponibles donde hay mejor aseguramiento en salud y menor TMI

  1. Transición social y culturas regionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Ospina Restrepo

    1984-01-01

    Full Text Available Transición alude a una situación ambigua: no se es ni lo uno ni lo otro, se está abandonando un estadio conocido por otro aún no reconocido. Implica una crisis de identidad para el individuo o la comunidad que la vive. Son las crisis de los cambios de edad en el hombre: pubertad, adolescencia, madurez, vejez, que se dan también en las sociedades aunque no tengan un esquema de evolución lineal equivalente.

  2. Los desequilibrios regionales en España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Franco Aliaga

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Regional inequialities have always existed as can be steen throughout Spanish Economic History. Until well into the Modern Age, inland Spain contained two tliirds of tlie population and yielded most of tlie resources. However, the capitalist system and the free market exarcerbate such inequalities because of their own dynamics, polarizing resources in order to obtain the highest profit. The consequences of this, seen from the geographical point of view, are a migrant population, environnnental changes, urban growth, and the adoption of new forma of spatial organization, among others. Between 1960-1973 the country witnessed a «miraculous» economic growth rate and as such there was a widespread and significant backward movement with important effects in the more industrially developed regions. The economic recovery (1986-1989 maintains such inequalities although the development axes spread in a «4» form which embraces the Valle del Ebro (Ebro Valley, the mediterranean arch from Gerona (Nort Cataluña to Málaga (South-East Andalucía and both archipielagos and Madrid, which still is the well established reference point in present-day Spain and its autonomous regions.

  3. Munequitas Regionales - para Colorear. (Regional Little Dolls - for Coloring.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977

    Directions for making and coloring nine paper dolls representing various regions of Mexico are given. These dolls represent the regions of Oaxaca, Veracruz, Hildalgo, Yucatan, Potosina, Puebla, and Chiapas. Each doll is dressed in the traditional costume of the region. (NQ)

  4. Ethanol for agricultural aviation: challenges and potential; Etanol na aviacao agricola: desafios e potencial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hausen, Roberto Begnis; Romano, Leonardo Nabaes [Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (PPGEA/UFSM), RS (Brazil). Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia Agricola], Emails: rbhausen@gmail.com, romano@smail.ufsm.br; Martins, Mario Eduardo Santos [Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), RS (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Mecanica], E-mail: marioturbo@gmail.com; Schlosser, Jose Fernando [Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (PPGEA/UFSM), RS (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Rural. Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia Agricola], E-mail: josefernandoschlosser@gmail.com; Trindade Junior, Airton Luiz [Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), RS (Brazil)], E-mail: trindade.airton@gmail.com

    2010-07-01

    The aim of this paper is to show that the gains from the use of ethanol as fuel in agricultural aviation may be even greater to if the aircraft engine is specially designed for that purpose, and to obtain a truly 'green' engine, neutral regarding carbon emissions. Using computational tools, development methods and project management, the engine can be fully developed to be used specifically as an agricultural aircraft propellant operating with ethanol. In Brazil, the current fleet of agricultural airplanes has around 1400 aircrafts and almost all operating with AvGas. There is already in Brazil an aircraft, manufactured by a Brazilian aircraft manufacturer, that uses a conversion kit for the original engine to use ethanol as fuel. The use of ethanol has great technical and economic feasibility when compared to AvGas, even with the low efficiency of the current application. Operational improvement and gains with cost reduction can be already observed. However, with a specific design those gains could be with the low efficiency of the current application. Operational improvement and gains with cost reduction can be already observed. However, with a specific design those gains could be more expressive due to increased engine fuel efficiency and power. (author)

  5. Aspectos ecologicos, toxicologicos y agricolas de la hormiga brasileña Solenopsis invicta

    Science.gov (United States)

    J. A. Torres

    1990-01-01

    The fire ant Solenopsis invicta recently invaded in Puerto Rico. Its presence has created great alarm among farmers and the public. This work reviews the ecology of this ant in the United States, Brazil and Puerto Rico in order to clarify some misconceptions. Information is provided to separate Solenopsis invicta from S. geminata. Colony foundation, caste...

  6. Description of the production process - agricultural phase; Descricao do processo produtivo - fase agricola

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-10-15

    This chapter presents the description of the state-of-art of the production process of sugar cane bio ethanol in Brazil also denominated of first generation, involving the improvements in the agricultural phase and also the aspects related to the second generation technologies. The different aspects related do the use of sugar cane bagasse and straw cape.

  7. BOOM AGRICOLA NA AMAZONIA BRASILEIRA E AS MUDANÇAS ESTRUTURAIS EM ANDAMENTO

    OpenAIRE

    de Mesquita, Benjamin Alvino

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo desta comunicação é apontar as mudanças estruturais em curso na Amazônia no contexto de crescimento agrícola, capitaneado pela produção de soja e carne, em que Amazônia atualmente se insere. Entre a ultima e atual década ocorreu importantes transformações na agricultura brasileira, e, na Amazônia. Essas mudanças não se restringem apenas aos aspectos da produção, elas se espraia em outras direções, com destaque para as questões estruturais,acarretando problemas de ordem diversa, parti...

  8. El empresario agricola en el jugoso negocio de las frutas y hortalizas de Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gonzalez Chavez, H.

    1994-01-01

    Dit werk heeft als doel om het veranderingsproces uit te leggen dat een landbouwstreek heeft ondergaan door de komst van een van oorsprong Noordamerikaanse exportondernemingen van landbouwprodukten. Deze ondernemingen zijn op grote schaal met de verbouw begonnen van groenten en fruit voor de

  9. Treatment and plastic wastes management. New Ways; Tratamiento y gestion de residuos plasticos agricolas. Nuevas iniciativas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, M. J.

    2001-07-01

    The continuous improvement of the intensive agriculture in the south of Spain have increased the amount of plastic waste. The solution the authorities proposed and developed has been the mechanical recycling. Since 1992 two facilities have been installed in two zones of high waste generation. These are managed by EGMASA and have achieved a granule quality recognized by the recycled materials market, being used mainly in pipes and bags fabrication. A new application to produce an agglomerate for decking products has been developed and a new facility was constructed in one of the former plants. The new installation is producing 70 ton/day of LDPE form greenhouse plastic waste and post.consumer plastic of selective recollection. (Author)

  10. Controlling of agricultural machine and implements; Monitoramento do trabalho de maquinas agricolas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silveira, G.M.; Peche Filho, A.; Yanai, K.; Storino, M.; Bernardi, J.A. [Instituto Agronomico de Campinas (CEA/IAC), Jundiai, SP (Brazil). Centro de Engenharia e Automacao], E-mail: silveira@iac.sp.gov.br

    2008-07-01

    A profitable farm or agriculture crop depends on the correct management of the several jobs developed there. For that, in those mechanized, monitoring of the work done by the agricultural machines and implements always deserved a great attention. In this work, the utilization of an automatic data acquisition system, designed for field information's survey, is showed. The obtained data are related with time and motion, work capacity and operational efficiency, fuel consumption in corn planting. The system was conceived to determining the position of the tractor in the field by mean of the global positioning system (GPS), the fuel consumption, the engine angular velocity (r.p.m.) and forward tractor velocity. This set of data allows the statistical control of the operational parameters generating reports containing the most important management indicators, in other words, operational yield and the work conditions. Experiments were carried out in corn fields of the Automation and Agricultural Engineering Center of IAC/SAA. Seeding operations were monitored, aiming for the performance characterization of the machinery used. (author)

  11. Indicadores ambientales: Arequipa

    OpenAIRE

    Perú. Consejo Nacional del Ambiente

    2005-01-01

    Describe las características generales de Arequipa: creación, ubicación geográfica, límites, superficie y división politica, relieve, clima, hidrografía, zonas de vida, biodiversidad, datos demográficos y económicos. En una segunda parte, muestra la situación actual del ambiente de Arequipa, en función a los indicadores ambientales regionales seleccionados en los temas de agua, aire suelos, bosques, áreas naturales protegidas, diversidad biologica, turismo sostenible, comunidades campesinas, ...

  12. Politica de las Construcciones Escolares (Policy for School Construction).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storni, Adolfo Enrique, Ed.; And Others

    This document establishes the policy for school construction programs and projects to be conducted in Argentina. The first part establishes the bases for construction and defines the policy and its objectives. The second part discusses school construction in view of educational reform and planning and considers analysis of current systems,…

  13. Politicas de tolerancia cero (Zero Tolerance Policies). ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAndrews, Tobin

    State legislatures and school boards are adopting a growing number of zero-tolerance polices toward weapons, guns, and violence. Zero-tolerance polices are rules intended to address specific school-safety issues. They have arisen in part as a response to the threat of the withdrawal of federal funds under the 1994 Gun-Free Schools Act, and…

  14. Cantacronache 1958-1962. Politica e protesta in musica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Ferrari

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available At the end of the 50s the italian band from Turin, named Cantacronache, created social and political songs, so contributing to the birth of a new musical genre in Italy. The founders Michele Luciano Straniero, Sergio Liberovici, Emilio Jona, Fausto Amodei, Margherita Galante Garrone, were joined from the collaboration of writers and poets like Mario Pogliotti, Franco Fortini, Italo Calvino, Umberto Eco, Gianni Rodari. The name of the group reveals its vocation: telling reality, writing songs about news facts in order to give them back to collective memory. Among the covered themes: italian news, Resistence, the research of social and political songs of the past or the recovery of the popular music heritage.

  15. CIUDADANOS Y PUEBLO SUJETOS DE LA ACCION POLITICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo Castellanos

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan aquí los conceptos de ciudadanía y pueblo desde la perspectiva de la acción política. En una primera parte, retoma de Hannah Arendt la dinámica de la esfera pública y desde ella deriva en las nociones de acción y ciudadan ía. En segundo término, siguiendo el trabajo de Antonio Negri, muestra la génesis del concepto de pueblo como poder constituyente y fundamento de la democracia en la reflexión de Maquiavelo. Por último, desde Pablo Neruda en su Canto General ilustra una comprensión latinoamericana del papel protagónico del pueblo en la historia de nuestro continente.

  16. Maquiavel : a logica da ação politica

    OpenAIRE

    Jose Luiz Ames

    2000-01-01

    Resumo: o trabalho defende a idéia de que no centro do pensamento de Niccoló Machiavelli está a preocupação em mostrar que a ação política é determinada por uma lógica própria: "regras gerais" que decidem o êxito e o fracasso dos agentes políticos. Para alcançar um conhecimento adequado desse "mecanismo secreto" que, segundo o autor, comanda o funcionamento das "coisas", estudamos as noções de História, homem, ética e Estado presentes na sua obra Abstract: The work is about the idea that ...

  17. L'economia politica della reciprocità: una risposta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.W. ARNDT

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The need for reciprocity clauses in tariff reductions should not distort the real picture concerning international trade. Although reciprocity clauses can help countries which follow more expansionary macroeconomic policies than their trade partners, they can never be the perfect panacea for unemployment problems. Reciprocity clauses only encourage protectionist trade practices.  JEL Codes: F10 

  18. L'economia politica della reciprocità

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.W. ARNDT

    1994-09-01

    Full Text Available The work seeks to answer two questions. First, if the removal of trade barriers is in each countries own interest, why are negotiations based on the principle of reciprocity? Second, if the political economy case for reciprocity is so compelling, then why have so many countries recently embarked on unilateral trade liberalisation? The author provides a history of the concept of reciprocity and trade, before analysing the case for unilateral trade liberalisation.

  19. L'economia politica della reciprocità

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.W. ARNDT

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The work seeks to answer two questions. First, if the removal of trade barriers is in each countries own interest, why are negotiations based on the principle of reciprocity? Second, if the political economy case for reciprocity is so compelling, then why have so many countries recently embarked on unilateral trade liberalisation? The author provides a history of the concept of reciprocity and trade, before analysing the case for unilateral trade liberalisation.  JEL Codes: F13 

  20. Cantacronache 1958-1962. Politica e protesta in musica

    OpenAIRE

    Chiara Ferrari

    2013-01-01

    At the end of the 50s the italian band from Turin, named Cantacronache, created social and political songs, so contributing to the birth of a new musical genre in Italy. The founders Michele Luciano Straniero, Sergio Liberovici, Emilio Jona, Fausto Amodei, Margherita Galante Garrone, were joined from the collaboration of writers and poets like Mario Pogliotti, Franco Fortini, Italo Calvino, Umberto Eco, Gianni Rodari. The name of the group reveals its vocation: telling reality, writing songs ...

  1. POLITICA FISCAL-BUGETARĂ DIN PERSPECTIVA PROCESULUI DE INTEGRARE EUROPEANĂ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorin Măntescu

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available 2003 was the best year in a transition decade from the point of view of the macroeconomic performance. Also, the structural reforms were consistent, wage policy was cautious and the first IMF agreement was concluded from the point of view of the implementation. However, notwithstanding the progress, România is still confronted with substantial structural problems in energy, railways and mining sectors. Furthermore, the large share of the total population that lives in the rural areas and the situation of the pension system represent additional major structural constraints that we currently face. The speed up of these reforms will require additional public expenditures. Additional public resources need to be channeled also in health, education, infrastructure and institutional reform areas. The level of public expenditures in România was around 32,7 percent of GDP in 2002 compared to over 45 percent in the other more advanced candidate countries and EU member states. There are two reasons for this lower expenditure level as percent of GDP: the lower level of public revenues as percent of GDP and the lower level of budget deficit. Given the additional expenditure needs, România should do the best effort to increase public revenues by improving tax collection, enlarging the tax base and cutting social security tax rates. Also given the lower levels of the budget deficit and public debt from a comparative perspective, România should increase the budget deficit. Taking into account that the larger public sector deficit is composed from the consolidated budget deficit and the arrears and losses in the public enterprises, an increase of the budget deficit accompanied by a larger decrease of the arrears and losses in the public owned enterprises will allow the reduction of the overall excess aggregate demand. This will help us to maintain the disinflationary tendency that our economy knew in the last several years while benefitting of additional public expenditures.

  2. POLITICA ECONOMICA, CRECIMIENTO Y DESARROLLO HUMANO: PRINCIPALES RELACIONES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Reyes

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Temas principales en relación con decisiones de política macroeconómica, condiciones económicas nacionales, y nexos de esos tópicos con el crecimiento económico y el desarrollo humano, son abordados aquí, en especial desde la óptica de los países latinoamericanos. En la primera sección, se discuten las principales características de las políticas fiscales, monetarias y cambiarias. Luego, se consideran los enlaces entre esas políticas y el crecimiento de la producción. A partir de allí se exponen los conceptos centrales respecto a desarrollo humano en el contexto específico de las sociedades, tomando en cuenta, el potencial de presentarse la “enfermedad holandesa”. Las principales conclusiones incluyen aquellas que subrayan la necesidad de estabilidad, infraestructura institucional, y condiciones sociales para apoyar el crecimiento económico sostenible y el desarrollo como logros dinámicos y permanentes de una sociedad.

  3. Suggerimenti per una comune politica monetaria in Europa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.I. MCKINNON

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The work looks at the EEC’s integration, and specifically the evolution from a pseudo exchange-rate union to full monetary integration and the technical actions of coordinating the actions of national central banks. First the monetary impact of international payments imbalances is assessed. The discount mechanism and partial sterilisation is then considered. Finally, the author looks at restricting the scope of open-market operations. JEL: E52, F36

  4. Introduzione all'analisi della Politica di tesoreria.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.T. SALVEMINI

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo intende mettere a fuoco come in un economia in cui l’intervento pubblico sempre più si amplia e diversifica, influenzando con nuovi modi l adinamica di tutte le parti del  sistema, , i poteri ed i compiti del Tesoro debbano essere riconsiderati, alla ricerca soprattutto degli aspetti per cui si parla di accresciuta frequenza del Tesoro come “ autorità monetaria” 

  5. La politica monetaria in Italia dal 1947 al 1978

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    Antonio Fazio

    1979-09-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the conduct of monetary policy in Italy between 1947 and 1978, with special emphasis on its impact on prices, the business cycle and the balance of payments. It contrasts the stabilization policies of 1947-1948 with the control of interest rates and monetary aggregates in the fifties and sixties.

  6. Una valutazione di cinque indicatori della politica monetaria.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.E. TANNER

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper is concerned with the question of the appropriate variable that the central bank should use to measure its influence on aggregate demand. More specifically, in the pursuit of its goal to stabilise the economy, what should be the indicator of monetary policy - a price variable such as a market interest rate or a quantity variable such as the growth in the money supply? This question is of interest as the monetary indicators or “guide” variables frequently appear to give conflicting signs with respect to the direction of influence of the monetary policy actions on the economy. The author evaluates the performance of five monetary indicators: a short term market rate of interest, a monetary full employment rate of interest, the money supply, the neutralised money supply and the monetary base. The current popular monetary policy indicators are first statistically reexamined, before he criteria used to evaluate the indicators are defined. The estimation procedure employed is then indicated and the statistical results presented. The results suggest that the market rate of interest is the poorest indicator, while the observed money stock and the monetary base are the most reliable.JEL: E52, E58, E51

  7. La emergencia una (nueva logica de seguridad politica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Felipe Moreno.

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available This article explores a series of recent theoretical contributions on the topic of security. Currently, the implementation of practices, processes and political rationalities that aim to administer, regulate and decide over human life, prove to be a constitutive part of the exercise of the political in all of its forms. Taking as a point of departure, the works of philosophers Michel Foucault and Giorgio Agamben within the field of so-called biopolitics, this article briefly reviews some recent publications dealing with current security matters such as the configuration of spaces of exception (detention centers, special economic zones, tourist resorts and refugee camps and the implementation of biopolitical techniques and technologies in the treatment of issues such as immigration processes and pandemics. The article ends with some reflections on the implicit logic within this model of security.

  8. Disoccupazione, disuguaglianza e politica dell’Europa: 1984-2000

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    John Kenneth Galbraith

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper reconsiders the problem of unemployment in Europe at multiple geographic levels and through time from 1984to 2000. We employ a panel structure that permits us to separate regional, national and continental influences on European unemployment. Important local effects include the economic growth rate, relative wealth or poverty, and the proportion of young people in the labor force. As part of this analysis, we assess the relationship between pay inequality and unemployment in Europe, following the insight of Harris and Todaro (1970 that pay inequalities influence job search. With our own panel of inequality measures derived from Eurostat's REGIO data set, we find that higher pay inequality in Europe is associated with more, not less, unemployment, and the effect is stronger for women and young workers. There are modest country fixed effects for the UK and Spain, but large effects are found only for small countries. These are all negative, a fact that may be due partly to large past emigration in some cases, and partly to strategic wage bargaining in others. Apart from this, distinctive effects at the national level are few, perhaps indicating that national labor market institutions are not the decisive factor in the determination of European unemployment. Changes in the European macro-environment are picked up by time fixed effects, and these show a striking pan-European rise in unemployment immediately following the introduction of the Maastricht Treaty, though with some encouraging recovery late in the decade.    JEL Codes: E24, J31, J64Keywords: Pay, Unemployment

  9. Impacto de la politica pública en el cooperativismo

    OpenAIRE

    Santana Félix, Juan Enrique

    2015-01-01

    Los objetivos perseguidos mediante la adopción de leyes son variados, pero en materia de cooperativismo deberían responder a sus intereses, alejados de la alta politización del sistema e identificar las áreas donde la legislación ha fallado en cumplir con sus objetivos. El Estado, al adoptar política pública en materia de economía social y solidaria, tiene como objetivo reconocer a las cooperativas, entre otras formas de organización, como entidades autónomas diferentes a las organizacione...

  10. Filosofia, politica, letteratura. Jean-Paul Sartre, 1938-1946

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    Elisa Reato

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In the youthful phases of his thought, Sartre’s discovery is Husserl’s phenomenology, the idea of “cogito cogitatum”, and Heidegger’s notion of the existence like being-in-the¬world. Even though he starts from the world’s primacy on the man, afterwards Sartre declares the absolute freedom of the man “en-situation”. In the postwar period he analyses the Jewish’s issue and explains that his existentialism isn’t a contemplative philosophy: he pass from the discovery of the existence’s contingency to the concept of the “engagement” like the writer’s necessity. Convinced that «chaque homme est politique», he thinks about the intellectual work and suggests an order’s swing.

  11. Actores sociales y ambitos de construccion de politicas ambientales

    OpenAIRE

    Gudynas,Eduardo

    2001-01-01

    Se analiza el concepto de "actores claves" en la generación de políticas ambientales. Independientemente de la definición de actor social que se maneje, el asumir la existencia de actores claves ofrece limitaciones conceptuales y prácticas, ya que éstos son coyunturales a cada situación específica. Todos pueden ser actores claves en generar políticas ambientales cumpliendo papeles diferenciales. Como alternativa se utiliza el término de "actores destacados" y se revisan aspectos sobresaliente...

  12. Cuidado humanizado como Politica Publica. El caso peruano

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    Fredy Hernán Polo Campos

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Es una experiencia de trasferencia de conocimientos que posibilitó fortalecer el proceso de implementación de una política pública de cuidado humanizado en la Región La Libertad-Perú en el periodo 2007-2014 cuyo objetivo radica en redimensionar las relaciones de poder entre Estado y Sociedad Civil respecto al cuidado de la vida y la libertad, conceptos que dan sentido y fines a una política socio-sanitaria. La experiencia se basó en desarrollar e implementar un modelo de cuidado, iniciando por cuestionar el actual modelo de atención con visas a proponer un modelo orientado a preservar la salud y desarrollo de ciudadanía. Para ello se implementaron procesos de modelamiento de la prestación socio-sanitaria, se modificaron estructuras y se re-inventaron los procesos de gestión sanitaria. Sin duda esta experiencia requiere ser evaluada, fortalecida y mejorar, siendo necesario determinar su efectividad, eficacia y valorar el impacto en la salud y en el desarrollo de la población liberteña para garantizar sostenibilidad e inversión por parte de la clase técnico-política.

  13. ENSINANDO POLITICA.UMA ANÁLISE DO TELECURSO 2000.

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    Ivete Manetzeder Keil

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This study problematizes the power discourse present in the TV classes of the First Grade History Program of Telecurso 2000, produced and aired by Globo Network Television, seeking to register points that influence subject’s production and their world visions. In this context, it emphasizes television as a learning space that privileges a despolitized teaching of history. The First Grade History Program of Telecurso 2000, in that it does not present a critical history and despolitizes the facts that are aired, produces an artificial world that becomes the dominators´ stage for their actions and discourse.

  14. Disoccupazione, disuguaglianza e politica dell’Europa: 1984-2000

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    John Kenneth Galbraith

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper reconsiders the problem of unemployment in Europe at multiple geographic levels and through time from 1984to 2000. We employ a panel structure that permits us to separate regional, national and continental influences on European unemployment. Important local effects include the economic growth rate, relative wealth or poverty, and the proportion of young people in the labor force. As part of this analysis, we assess the relationship between pay inequality and unemployment in Europe, following the insight of Harris and Todaro (1970 that pay inequalities influence job search. With our own panel of inequality measures derived from Eurostat's REGIO data set, we find that higher pay inequality in Europe is associated with more, not less, unemployment, and the effect is stronger for women and young workers. There are modest country fixed effects for the UK and Spain, but large effects are found only for small countries. These are all negative, a fact that may be due partly to large past emigration in some cases, and partly to strategic wage bargaining in others. Apart from this, distinctive effects at the national level are few, perhaps indicating that national labor market institutions are not the decisive factor in the determination of European unemployment. Changes in the European macro-environment are picked up by time fixed effects, and these show a striking pan-European rise in unemployment immediately following the introduction of the Maastricht Treaty, though with some encouraging recovery late in the decade.

  15. Globalization, crises and industrial policy; Globalizacion, crisis y politica industrial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vives, X.

    2013-06-01

    In this paper we review the fundamentals of industrial policy and its implementation in the European context. We also analyze the relationship between industrial policy and competition policy. (Author) 6 refs.

  16. Protezionismo e obiettivi di politica industriale nel pensiero di Keynes

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    L.M. MILONE

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available When studying Keynes’ ideas regarding protectionism, scholars have traditional focused on the relevance that he attached to trade policy interventions geared towards macroeconomic objectives. Specifically, he was concerned with the role of the balance of payments as a constraint on full employment. Less attention has been devoted to keynes’ ideas on trade policy aimed at microeconomic objectives. These are the subject of the present paper, with a particular focus on industrial policy objectives as framed by Keynes within the UK/US negotiations between the 1930s and 1940s.  JEL Codes: E12, F13, L52 

  17. La politica economica del fascismo. La crisi del ‘29

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    Paolo Sylos Labini

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Text of a speech held at the University of Rome in 1965. The author discusses the economic policy of Fascism, claiming that several of its characteristic features, e.g. the policy of industrial and financial bailouts, the policy of industry cartels and firms’ groups, and protectionism, were part of an international trend. In these areas international similitudes probably outweigh differences. What was peculiar of Fascism was the approach towards trade unions and the peculiarly corporatist policy.

  18. Adorno, Brecht e la politica dell’arte

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    Francesco Fiorentino

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper proposes a critical interpretation of the Adorno’s and Brecht’s conceptions of engagement and politics of literature. The two notions are in contrast with each other but both could be considered representative of the two predominant polarized positions within the aesthetics debate of the last century.  Adorno founds the political nature of literature on autonomy and liberation of the form. According to him the political nature of art springs from the refusal of the discourse, from the aggressive removal of meaning, from the exhibition of the negative. His conception of engagement in the arts is elitist and it subordinates the artistic to the philosophical discourse. Brecht founded the politics of literature on the awareness that experience is filtered by the media. It can be revolutionary only the author who reflects on the media bias of artistic production and creates works that are not expression of a subjective perspective but tools for transforming the function of the devices and of the institutions in which they act.

  19. Politica dei redditi. La linea brutale e la linea civile

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    Paolo Sylos Labini

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The author discusses the policy of keeping (or not opposing a certain level of unemployment as a means to promote wage deflation, and identifies it as the “brutal” way to pursue macroeconomic stability. By contrast, Sylos Labini identifies the cost of living and productivity as two other determinants of the wage level, and thus proposes a rich policy of structural reforms as the most civilised way to obtain the same result.

  20. Worker flag. Independent Electrical Policy; Bandera Obrera. Politica Electrica Independiente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahen, D. [Sindicato Unico de Trabajadores de la Industria Nuclear, Salazar, Estado de Mexico C.P. 52045 (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    This work analyses the initiative of privatization of the Mexican Electric Industry and also it is showed the incoherence of this mistaken proposal. Along the same line is analysed tthe situation of the National Electric Sector and the working process for the distinct types of electric generation just as the syndical and labor situations. In consequence it is proposed an Independent Electrical Policy, which includes the integration of the Nationalized Electric Industry, the syndical union and the Unique Collective Contract. The purpose of this work is to contribute to the success of the electrical and nuclear struggle always maintaining in rising position the red flag of the proletariat. The author considers that the privatization means mercantilization of the human necessities. The privatization is not inevitable at condition of to exercise consequently the political actions necessary through alternatives includes: the worker control of production, research, and the National Electric strike. (Author)

  1. PROGRAMUL SAPARD ŞI POLITICA DE DEZVOLTARE RURALĂ

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    Diana ALEXANDRU

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Sapard Programme and rural development policy. The financial help offered to the European Union accessing countries represents a subject of great interest, firstly due to the quantity of individually attributed funds, and secondly, due to the manner these funds are distributed according to national territorial necessities. The statistical analysis of financial data synthetically reflects the practical results registered in the territory. Essentially to be mentioned here is the ratio each economic sub-sector of activity benefits of, directly correlated to priorities established by the national rural development plan, at a regional and county level, priorities that would become possible directions of long and medium term rural development. The development of local infrastructure represented a priority proved by the level of initiative shown by the local administrations for the modernization of roads, the construction of water networks, water sewage and sewerage systems. Though this priority had an advantage even from the beginning by receiving half of the non-refundable funds that rural development programme was allocated, they succeeded to entirely absorb the funds allocated to this sector in a short time.

  2. SAT Expo Europe 2010: EGNOS, GALILEO e politica geospaziale

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    Gianluca Pititto

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available SatExpo Europe 2010The 2010 edition of SatExpo Europe has been held in Rome since the 6th until the 8th of february. The event focused on Navigation, Earth Observation and Advanced Telecommunications, with a special reference to the european market and the international colalborations between space agencies.

  3. Zagonara e Anghiari nella poesia politica del primo Quattrocento ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The four poems taken into account are examined primarily in their formal and metrical structures, their imagery, and the emotive charge of the discourse designed to excite the listeners' emotions rather than to appeal to their intellect. It emerges that, far from being hackneyed and trite pieces of political propaganda, these ...

  4. Essays on energy policy; Ensaios sobre politica energetica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bicalho, Ronaldo Goulart; Almeida, Edmar Luiz Fagundes de; Pinto Junior, Helder Queiroz; Iootty, Mariana

    2007-07-01

    This book is divided into four chapters covering the following aspects. Chapter one - two great themes interrelated are treated; energy policy and regulation. Chapter two - analysis is performed on the changes occurred in the petroleum industry and market during the last years, emphasizing three dimensions: the oil price, the derivative prices; and the reformulation of the brazilian petroleum industry. Chapter three - the articles discuss the difficulties faced in the implantation of the brazilian gas industry. Chapter four - the presented articles discuss the institutional changes running in the brazilian electric sector, initiated at decade of 90's. The conclusion, which tries to identify the basic premises for the elaboration of a Brazilian energy policy.

  5. Automatismo o discrezionalità nella politica monetaria?

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    E. SCHNEIDER

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available It is generally excepted that changes in the money supply exert a profound influence on the economic process. The same goes for the resulting conclusion that the creation of money cannot be left to private initiative. These two propositions  pose the questions: (a what will be the economic effects of a given change in the money supply? (b how has the money supply to be manipulated, if a specific aim is to be achieved? The present paper deals with the latter of these two questions. The author criticises Milton Friedman’s rule for the regulation of money supply aimed at price stabilisation in which matters are no longer left to the central bank’s discretion but are governed by a process of automation. This rule is based on the assumption of a constant or approximately constant income velocity which, according to the author, is not confirmed by the facts. It is argued that Milton’s conclusions are derived from statistical findings alone, however, the closest correlation between variables can explain nothing about causal relations between the variables or changes of variables.JEL: E52, E51

  6. Politica de humanizacao na atencao basica: revisao sistematica

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    Carlise Rigon Dalla Nora

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO : Analisar as práticas de humanização na atenção básica na rede pública do sistema de saúde brasileiro com base nos princípios da política nacional de humanização do Brasil. MÉTODOS : Procedeu-se à revisão sistemática da literatura seguida de metassíntese, usando as bases de dados: BDENF (Base de dados da enfermagem, BDTD (Biblioteca digital brasileira de teses e dissertações, CINAHL ( Cumulative Index to nursing and allied health literature , LILACS (Literatura Latino-americana e do Caribe em ciências da saúde, MedLine (Literatura Internacional em ciência da Saúde, PAHO (Biblioteca da Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde e SciELO ( Scientific Electronic Library Online . Foram selecionados os seguintes descritores de assunto: Humanização; Humanização da Assistência; Acolhimento; Cuidado humanizado; Humanização em saúde; Vínculo; Programa de Saúde da Família; Atenção Básica; Saúde Coletiva e Sistema Único de Saúde. Para análise, foram incluídos artigos de pesquisa, estudos de caso, relatos de experiências, dissertações, teses e capítulos de livros, escritos em língua portuguesa, inglesa ou espanhola, publicados de 2003 a 2011. RESULTADOS : Das 4.127 publicações recuperadas sobre o tema, foram avaliadas e incluídas 40, chegando a três categorias centrais. A primeira, infraestrutura e organização dos serviços básicos de saúde, evidenciou insatisfação com a estrutura física e material e com os fluxos de atendimento que podem facilitar ou dificultar o acesso. A segunda refere-se ao processo de trabalho, que apresentou questões relacionadas ao número insuficiente de profissionais, fragmentação dos processos de trabalho, perfil e responsabilização profissional. A terceira consistiu das tecnologias das relações e apontou o acolhimento, vínculo, escuta, respeito e diálogo com os usuários. CONCLUSÕES : Embora muitas práticas sejam citadas como humanizadoras, não conseguem produzir mudanças nos serviços de saúde por falta de uma análise mais aprofundada nos processos de trabalho e de uma educação permanente no serviço.

  7. Wind power: public policies; Energia eolica: politicas publicas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Henrique Tavares; Faga, Murilo Tadeu Werneck [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Eletrotecnica e Energia. Programa Interunidades de Pos-graduacao em Energia]. E-mail: henrique@iee.usp.br; murfaga@iee.usp.br

    2006-07-01

    This paper presents the incentive models to the wind power applied in Germany and Denmark, two countries with great participation of wind power in their energetic matrixes, analysing the barriers found to the wind power development.

  8. Immagini del mondo e forme della politica in Max Weber

    OpenAIRE

    Alagna, Mirko Domenico

    2014-01-01

    L’idea della redenzione era di per sé antichissima, se in essa si include la liberazione dal bisogno, dalla fame, dalla siccità, dalla malattia e – infine – dalla sofferenza e dalla morte. Tuttavia la redenzione acquistò un significato specifico soltanto dove fu espressione di un’''immagine del mondo'' razionalizzata sistematicamente e di una presa di posizione in base a questa. Infatti ciò che la redenzione, secondo il suo senso e la sua qualità psicologica, voleva e poteva significare, dipe...

  9. Concorsi sportivi e propaganda politica in età ellenistica

    OpenAIRE

    Di Nanni, Diva

    2006-01-01

    Non c’è dubbio che la partecipazione agli agoni panellenici sia stato il mezzo attraverso cui i Macedoni avevano affermato la loro volontà di considerarsi membri di pieno diritto della comunità greca. Con Alessandro, poi, divenne quasi un veicolo di ellenizzazione del paese. Questo è dimostrato anche dal fatto che lo stesso Alessandro, durante le sue spedizioni, istituì numerose gare nelle varie città asiatiche in cui si fermava, come gli Olympia ad Àigai in Macedonia e gli Asklepìeia a Sòloi...

  10. PROBLEMA COEZIUNII ÎN POLITICA REGIONALĂ A UNIUNII EUROPENE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Adina Coman

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Based on the interdependence of states, ensuring a high degree of economic cohesion maylead, on the long term, to economic benefits for all the parties involved.Economic cohesion means “support for attaining the general objective expected by every nation, that ofincreasing the welfare. In Europe, the thirty years that elapsed from the war, also known as “the glorious thirtyyears”, were followed by other twenty years of reduced economic growth, so that, during the last decade, thegrowth process to be resumed. Scholars in economic history outline the essential part played by the three “I”s:Innovation, Institutions, and Investments.Social cohesion represents another important element in developing an economic system. The need forattaining economic cohesion was acknowledged since the industrial revolution (19th century, a period whensocial problems came to symbolize the price paid by the society for the technological progress achieved.

  11. POLITICA DE DISTRIBUŢIE A COMPANIEI MODERNE

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    Grigore Aurica

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The economic environmment is in permenent change and the firms try to use more and more thetechnics and instruments of modern marketing. At all points of the modern marketing system people have formedassociations and eliminated various middlemen in order to achieve more efficient marketing. Manufacturersoften maintain their own wholesale departments and deal directly with retailers. Distribution channels can thushave a number of levels. Kotler defined the simplest level, which of direct contact with no intermediariesinvolved, as the 'zero-level' channel. The success condition of firm is represented by her adaptapted capacity,and flexibility to the demand coordinate and to the concurential environment.

  12. Efectos Ambientales y Socieconómicos de los Procesos Productivos del Café y del Banano: Una Mirada Multifactorial

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    José Alfredo Vásquez

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Durante el siglo XX y hasta la actualidad la produccion del sector agricola y en particular de los subsectores de cafe y banano han jugado un importante papel en la economia antioquena, tanto en la generacion de empleo y divisas, como en la construccion de una cultura asociada a ambos sectores. Las investigaciones realizadas por diversas instituciones en ambos subsectores si bien han orientado la introduccion de mejoras en la produccion, han dejado de lado un analisis comparativo de ambos subsectores con miras a la identificacion politicas propendan por el mejoramiento conjunto de ambos procesos productivos en aspectos de indole socioeconomico, y ambiental. El articulo presenta los resultados y conclusiones de un analisis comparativo de los procesos productivos del cafe y el banano en el departamento de Antioquia, desde los aspectos socioeconomico y ambiental, haciendo uso de una metodologia de analisis factorial (cuantitativo.

  13. Energetic policy versus environmental policy: what the missing link?; Politica energetica versus politica ambiental: qual o elo perdido?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez, Francisco del Moral; Bermann, Celio [Universidadede Sao Paulo (PPGE/IEE/USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Eletrotecnica e Energia. Programa de Pos- Graduacao em Energia], emails: fhernandez@usp.br, cbermann@iee.usp.br

    2010-07-01

    The energy and fuel obtaining process must be understand as a political concept and a socially built one. Such a process should be understood taking in account social impacts, environmental issues, land struggles. There are plenty of empirical examples able to identify flows, directions and speedy up enterprises when extracting matter and energy conversion within areas of high social and environmental sensibility. The infra-structure expansion over traditional people areas, high biodiversity mapped regions and environmental sensibility areas are expression of the capital intensive accumulation process and must be legitimated in one way or another. Simultaneously two way processes occur: in one hand the use of land, riverside areas and natural landscapes to generate electrical energy and fuel obtaining an in the other hand the abandon of original usage for the land. Specifically, in the Amazon rain forest area it is evident that the mentioned flows are supported by the natural wealthy. So, the analyses under a scientific approach, elaborating theories, demonstrations and occurrences documentation are necessary. Two preliminary expectations are posted by the article: 1) Discuss the implications due to the creation of energetic reserve areas over traditional people regions; 2) Produce a preliminary picture of demands over natural resources and respective social conflicts based on significant selected cases. (author)

  14. Competitiveness and market trends in agriculture La competitividad y las tendencias de los mercados en la agricultura

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    Torres O. Jorge

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza la competitividad y las tendencias de los mercados en que deben competir los productos agricolas colombianos. En la primera sección se plantea la necesidad de conocer la estructura de los mercados y de las regiones,
    condición básica para trazar una estrategia competitiva en un contexto de mercados globales cada vez más competitivos y segmentados, donde las nuevas condiciones de competencia exigen ser tan buenos como los mejores del mundo para no
    ser desplazados de los mercados regionales e internos, como se muestra en la segunda sección. Luego se examinan las tendencias de los mercados aqricolas, cada vez más exigentes en calidad, variedad, precios y productos libres de
    contaminación. Por último, se presentan algunas conclusiones.

  15. Regional power supply in 1998-1999. Progress report of the association of regional utilities - Arbeitsgemeinschaft regionaler Energieversorgungs-Unternehmen - ARE e.V.; Regionale Energieversorgung 1998-1999. Taetigkeitsbericht der Arbeitsgemeinschaft regionaler Energieversorgungs-Unternehmen - ARE - e.V.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-04-01

    The ARE progress report discusses the following issues: Economic development and its effects on power supply; Deregulation of the electricity and gas market; Competition between regional utilities; Energy policy of the new German government; European regulations; Legislation on energy supply; Energy supply and cartel law; Regional supply in the East German states. [German] Der Taetigkeitsbericht der ARE befasst sich mit folgenden Themen: Gesamtwirtschaftliche Entwicklung und ihre Auswirkung auf die Energiewirtschaft, Oeffnung des Monopoles fuer Strom und Gas, Wettbewerb der regionalen Energieversorger, Energiepolitik der neuen Bundesregierung, Europaeische Richtlininen, energiewirtschaftsrecht, Versorgungswirtschaft und Kartellrecht und der Regionalversorgung in den neuen Bundeslaendern.

  16. The effect of application of compost from urban solid wastes on the properties of agricola soil; Efecto de la aplicacion de compost de residuos solidos urbanos sobre las propiedades de un suelo agricola

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garci-Gil, J. C.; Soler-Rovira, P.; Alonso, N.; Diaz-Marcote, I.; Polo, A. [C.S.I.C. Madrid (Spain)

    1999-08-01

    A long-term field experiment was conducted to determine the effect of the addition of municipal solid waste (MSW) compost applied at two different rates on a barley crop. In all treatments, values obtained for plants overall weights show increases in comparison to the control, especially with the higher rate of compost. The contents of macronutients in plants were similar in all the treatments. only N showed an increase in both grain and straw with the higher rate of compost during the years of consecutive applications. No heavy metal contamination was observed in plants, but in the compost treatments the contents of Zn increased while Mn decreased. (Author)

  17. Regionale initiatieven voor natuur, milieucooperaties en streekprodukten : aanpak en perspectief : verslag van een studiedag op 13 april 1995 en een schets van 25 regionale initiatieven

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Litjens, M.E.G.; Rattink, M.; Wingerden, van W.S.

    1995-01-01

    Report of a study day, 13th of april 1995, about the approach and perspectives of regional initiatives. From 25 regional initiatives, divided over the three groups, nature and environment, local products and nature and environment, and local products, an overview is given

  18. Oenotourism and conservation: a holistic approach to special interest tourism from a cultural heritage perspective - the Azienda Agricola Model

    OpenAIRE

    Sandor Nemethy; Bosse Lagerqvist; Bartlomiej Walas; Laszlo Dinya; Zoltan Bujdoso

    2016-01-01

    In wine producing countries viticultural and oenological practices and traditions, trades and crafts, the built and written heritage, the history, social structures, economy, a number of intangible values and the viticultural landscape constitute the cultural heritage of a wine region. Thus, the touristic products of oenotourism are complex attractions with a substantial number of educational elements, such as on-site wine appreciation courses, organized wine excursions on well known wine rou...

  19. Imprensa Periódica Científico (1772-1852). Leituras de sciencia agricola em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Nunes, Mria Fátima

    2001-01-01

    Os temas de LEITURA e AGRICULTURA foram responsáveis pela dinâmica deste estudo sobre imprensa periódica científica em Portugal, na transição das Luzes para o Liberalismo. Destacamos o grau de novidade, enquanto agenda de investigação (1994 / 2001) e de reflexão histórica, dos periódicos literários e científicos, instrutivos e recreativos desempenhando a função de um publico entendimento, popularização e disseminação do conhecimento científico. Focus escolhido: das ideias agrárias às ideias a...

  20. Uso de analise emergetica e sistema de informações geograficas no estudo de pequenas propriedades agricolas.

    OpenAIRE

    Feni Dalano Roosevelt Agostinho

    2005-01-01

    Resumo: O presente trabalho avaliou as ferramentas análise emergética e sistema de informações geográficas (SIG) para análise de sistemas agrícolas que adotam modelos de produção diferentes. Foram escolhidas, como área de estudo, três pequenas propriedades agrícolas localizadas no município de Amparo, estado de São Paulo. Uma delas utiliza conceitos agroecológicos de produção (Sítio Duas Cachoeiras), enquanto as outras duas (Sítio Santa Helena e Sítio Três Lagos) produzem convencionalmente. R...

  1. Evaluation of the agricultural tractor using biofuel and diesel oil; Avaliacao de um trator agricola utilizando biocombustivel e oleo diesel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopes, Reny Adilmar Prestes; Pinheiro Neto, Raimundo; Meyer, Wagner; Mendonca, Elton Costa de; Roberti, Marcelo [Universidade Estadual de Maringa (UEM), PR (Brazil)], Emails: raplopes@uem.br, rpneto@uem.br

    2009-07-01

    Test with alternative fuels is essential to evaluate the performance of machines and engines. In this paper, the performance of a tractor in chiseling operation was evaluated using oil diesel and biofuel (oil diesel + soybean vegetable oil mixture). Speed of displacement, slip wheels, force traction bar and fuel consumption was evaluated in areas under tillage and no-tillage. The speed of displacement of the set presented similar behavior in tillage and no-tillage. Bigger values mean force in the bar of traction, slip and fuel consumptions had been observed for no-tillage with the tractor operating with diesel. Bigger values mean consumption the biofuel had been observed in areas under tillage. The coverings of the soil had influenced in the values of force bar traction, slip wheels, speed of displacement and fuel consumption. In the studied conditions, the tests demonstrate that the mixture oil diesel + soybean vegetable oil had not influenced in the performance of the tractor. (author)

  2. Ejemplos aplicados de la teoria de modernizacion de las maquinas agricolas para ampliar sus funciones de uso

    OpenAIRE

    Dietmar Rössel; Hipólito Ortiz Laurel; Marco A. Cortes Chamorro; José A. Brydson Bonora

    2004-01-01

    Desde el punto de vista económico y para lograr la sostenibilidad del medio ambiente es necesario una planificación y realización del reciclaje en las diferentes etapas de la vida de un producto; como la producción, durante el uso y al desecharlo como basura. En el caso del desarrollo de un producto ya existen ecuaciones que incorporan los costos del reciclaje en los costos totales de una máquina agrícola. Para la evaluación de las máquinas en el tiempo del uso se dispone con d...

  3. Oenotourism and conservation: a holistic approach to special interest tourism from a cultural heritage perspective - the Azienda Agricola Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandor Nemethy

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In wine producing countries viticultural and oenological practices and traditions, trades and crafts, the built and written heritage, the history, social structures, economy, a number of intangible values and the viticultural landscape constitute the cultural heritage of a wine region. Thus, the touristic products of oenotourism are complex attractions with a substantial number of educational elements, such as on-site wine appreciation courses, organized wine excursions on well known wine routes, wine festivals, international sommelier days or agro-tourism in wine estates where tourists may have the opportunity to participate in the harvest and learn more about the wine making process. The main target groups of wine-tourism consist of educated, mostly middle aged people with reasonably good economy and a clear intention to learn more about the culture and history of the country and its viticultural areas in an informal, entertaining way. An increasing number of vintners expand their agribusiness with a complete product structure such as grape seed oil, grappa, fruit juice, cheese, olive oil, food supplements produced from grapes, accommodation facilities from bed and breakfast to hotels and restaurants, creating herewith ideal conditions for tourism, often utilizing the network of completing, additional tourist attractions in the neighbourhood. Special attention shall be paid to the organic viticulture and wine production based on the maintenance of ecological cycles in the vineyard, because it can be the basis of eco-wine tourism, and even wine-heritage tourism due to the revival of certain traditional cultivation methods, trades and crafts linked to the historical routes of the wine industry. In this study we analyze the main aspects of wine-heritage and the terroir as source for touristic product development and propose a model for micro-region based sustainable oenoturism and eco-oenotourism with increasing economical viability.

  4. An agricultural tractor test with different proportions of biodiesel; Ensaio de um trator agricola com diferentes proporcoes de biodiesel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Breno Alves; Castro, Douglas Lourenco de Souza; Volpato, Carlos Eduardo Silva; Barbosa, Jackson Antonio [Universidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA), MG (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    The globalization of the economy bring as consequence the entry of new equipment and machinery highly competitive in terms of cost. This is the same reality of the Brazilian agricultural sector which today has new options for machines and implements very interesting from the standpoint of cost of acquisition. However, such equipment, due to its recent inclusion in the market, yet do not have parameters that relate to reliability. This work aimed to demonstrated the dynamometer test of an agricultural tractor, recently introduced in the market, to obtain their torque curves and specific fuel consumption using the fuel B{sub 2}, B{sub 5}, B{sub 2}0 and B{sub 1}00. The results showed that the tractor had satisfactory performance for all motor fuels, presenting the best performance with the use of B{sub 5} fuel. (author)

  5. PROPUESTA DE UN MERCADO ESTADOUNIDENSE DE DERIVADOS SOBRE COMMODITIES AGRICOLAS COMO IMPULSO AL SECTOR AGRO-EXPORTADOR MEXICANO.

    OpenAIRE

    RAMÍREZ HERREJÓN, KARLA NALLELI

    2012-01-01

    Los Mercados de Futuros son uno de los mercados financieros mas revolucionados, versátiles y de mayor aceptación. A pesar de que estos mercados han funcionado y se encuentran plenamente desarrollados en otros países, y de que en México han cobrado gran importancia durante los últimos años; en nuestro país, aun no se han logrado desarrollar plenamente. Sin embargo, algunas grandes empresas mexicanas, utilizan futuros en el extranjero, para cubrir sus exportaciones, esto con e...

  6. UNA DISCRETA DIFERENCIACION ENTRE LA POLITICA Y LO POLITICO Y SU INCIDENCIA SOBRE LA EDUCACION EN CUANTO A LA SOCIALIZACION POLITICA

    OpenAIRE

    Álvaro Díaz Gómez

    2003-01-01

    En estos momentos de movilidad social, donde lo intelectual parece sumergirse en un marasmo evitando dar cuenta de aproximaciones explicativas a los procesos inherentes a aquella, la política emerge para indagar, orientar y proponer horizontes de acción. Por ello, el presente artículo trata sobre la diferencia que puede darse entre la política y lo político, reconociendo que ambos aspectos tienen que ver con la educación, en cuanto socialización, en su perspectiva política....

  7. Criminaliteit onder Marokkaanse jongemannen in Nederland: speelt regionale herkomst een rol?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bovenkerk, F.; Fokkema, T.

    2015-01-01

    High crime rates among second-generation immigrants are usually attributed to the ethnic group’s social disorganisation and weak socio-economic position in the host society. According to the import theory, the causes of crime can however also be sought in their native countries or regions. Due to a

  8. Intereses y rivalidades regionales en la Venezuela Caribeña

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arlene Urdaneta Quintero

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante su primer gobierno (1870-1877, el Presidente Antonio Guzmán Blanco desarrolló un programa que aspiraba a centralizar política y económicamente a Venezuela. Una de las disposiciones aprobadas fue el cierre de los puertos de Maracaibo y La Vela, para las operaciones de importación y exportación realizadas desde los Andes venezolanos y colombianos, a través del Caribe. Estas funciones fueron transferidas al distante Puerto Cabello. Gran parte del occidente del país fue afectado por esta medida que no consideraba la larga tradición histórica de centros económicos que por centurias habían liderado las actividades agroexportadoras de sus respectivosámbitos comerciales. La medida no sólo perjudicó los intereses de la región histórica del Lago y de Coro, favoreció a grupos económicos rivales establecidos en la región norcentral, asociados con el presidente de la república. En el caso particular del Zulia, el cierre del puerto de Maracaibo afectó a financistas, pequeños y grandes comerciantes, transportistas, navegantes, marineros, productores y diferentes colectivos del estado; otros sectores perjudicados fueron los comerciantes vinculados con esta actividad en Colombia y Curazao.

  9. Positronemissionstomografi. En ny målemetode til billedmaessig fremstilling af regionale fysiologiske og biokemiske parametre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolwig, T G; Haunsø, S; Hove, J D

    1994-01-01

    . With the tomographic principle of the PET scanner the quantitative distribution of the administered isotopes can be determined and images can be provided as well as dynamic information on blood flow, metabolism and receptor function. In neurology PET has been used for investigations on numerous physiological processes...

  10. Cultura Digital y Nuevos Perfiles Profesionales: desafíos regionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristóbal Cobo Romaní

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo propone una revisión de las nuevas tendencias en el mundo del trabajo, su orientación hacia los servicios, la gestión del conocimiento y el uso de las nuevas tecnologías. Bajo este marco se analizan algunos de los desafíos que debe enfrentar la educación actual y propone un marco de análisis en relación a aquellas competencias y habilidades que contribuirían a formar a un trabajador e-competente, adaptable y en permanente aprendizaje.

  11. Ambiente, salud y recién nacido: observaciones regionales en el departamento del Magdalena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Alarcón Montero

    1951-09-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio debe comenzar en el siglo XVI en las Antillas, refugio de buscadores de oro y guerreros profesionales que allí esperaron el momento de hacer el aporte europeo a nuestra formación. Otro elemento racial nos llegó en los barcos negros. Y el factor básico estuvo representado por el elemento aborigen, que mostraba grupos situados en diversas estapas de evolución. En el actual Departamento del Magdalena se destacaba la cultura tairona, instalada en las faldas de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Sus miembros llegaron lejos en el progreso humano. Su habitación era estable, pétrea y de cimiento fuerte. Las poblaciones grandes, de varias centenas de casas, quedan aún desparramadas en forma de ruinas por los valles de la Sierra. Esta solidez de las construcciones traduce una organización económica y social de perfiles definidos.

  12. Redes universitarias regionales de innovación, nuevo escenario de aprendizaje social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Vega González

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de nuevos escenarios en los que se proyectan las relaciones entre educación y co - municación debe llevarnos a la comprensión de las relaciones entre los distintos actores sociales para generar conocimiento y dar vida a unas nuevas relaciones de enseñanza-aprendizaje ha - cia la sociedad del conocimiento. La reconfiguración de la escuela pasa por su vinculación al conjunto de redes de innovación, sobrepasando el terreno de lo técnico-productivo y erigiéndose, dentro de una red de relaciones de creciente complejidad, en la estructuración de una alternativa que involucra estrechamente la gestión y producción del conocimiento con su impacto regional. Desarrollo de redes por medio de las cuales se está reconfigurando el universo educativo y que constituye la posibilidad de revivir el pro - tagonismo perdido de la universidad en cuanto conciencia crítica de la sociedad hacia la solución de los problemas fundamentales que enfrenta la sociedad en general y las regiones en particular.

  13. ARE. Regional energy supplies - progress report 2000-2001; ARE. Regionale Energieversorgung 2000-2001. Taetigkeitsbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-05-01

    The ARE progress report discusses the following issues: Economic development and its effects on power supply; Deregulation of the electricity and gas market; Competition between regional utilities; Energy policy of the new German government; European regulations; Legislation on energy supply; Energy supply and cartel law; Regional supply in the East German states. [German] Der Taetigkeitsbericht der ARE befasst sich mit folgenden Themen: Gesamtwirtschaftliche Entwicklung und ihre Auswirkung auf die Energiewirtschaft, Oeffnung des Monopoles fuer Strom und Gas, Wettbewerb der regionalen Energieversorger, Energiepolitik der neuen Bundesregierung, Europaeische Richtlininen, energiewirtschaftsrecht, Versorgungswirtschaft und Kartellrecht und der Regionalversorgung in den neuen Bundeslaendern.

  14. The effect of aerosol on closure of the regionale short-wave radiation balance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henzing JS; Knap WH; Stammes P; ten Brink HM; Kos GPA; Even A; Swart DPJ; Bergwerff JP; Apituley A; NOP

    2001-01-01

    IPPC reports the aerosol radiative forcing per major aerosol category, like sulphate and fossil fuel derived carbon. Part of this carbon is reflective and part of the material (black carbon "soot") absorbs radiation. We find that in the Netherlands sulphate contributes some 30% to the

  15. Positronemissionstomografi. En ny målemetode til billedmaessig fremstilling af regionale fysiologiske og biokemiske parametre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolwig, T G; Haunsø, S; Hove, J D

    1994-01-01

    Positron emission tomography (PET) is a method for quantitative imaging of regional physiological and biochemical parameters. Positron emitting radioactive isotopes can be produced by a cyclotron, eg. the biologically important carbon (11C), oxygen (15O), and nitrogen (13N) elements....... With the tomographic principle of the PET scanner the quantitative distribution of the administered isotopes can be determined and images can be provided as well as dynamic information on blood flow, metabolism and receptor function. In neurology PET has been used for investigations on numerous physiological processes...

  16. Kansen voor regionale innovatieprojecten, verkenning voor de vollegrondsgroentesector in Zuidoost Nederland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haan, de J.J.; Verhoeven, J.T.W.; Wolf, de P.L.

    2016-01-01

    The Dutch province of Limburg has asked Wageningen UR to develop an initial knowledge- and innovation agenda for the outdoor vegetable production sector, including three concrete project ideas for the POP3 framework. Besides this, Wageningen UR was asked to evaluate three innovation projects with

  17. ¿Es México un Estado reproductor de las desigualdades regionales?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Merchand Rojas

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza cómo el Estado mexicano en lugar de haber aminorado los grados de desigualdad, estos se han promovido e, incluso, de cierta manera, han sido fomentados para generar un desarrollo regional más desequilibrado y desarticulado en función únicamente de los intereses sectorialespredominantes, sean agrícolas, industriales y de servicios; pues solo se buscanespacios económicos que permitan reproducir capitales espurios (enclaveseconómicos, sin una contribución a las comunidades locales; incluso, muchasveces, se han generado externalidades negativas que socavan el tejido social delas poblaciones locales. A lo largo de los siguientes párrafos, se explica cómoel Estado mexicano en estos últimos treinta años se ha mostrado solo comoinstancia regulativa y promotora de un crecimiento económico excluyente a favor del capital y en contra del trabajo. Además, es un Estado incapaz de sostener o asegurar las condiciones mínimas (económicas y sociales para que los espacios nacionales y locales reproduzcan su tejido productivo y se permita que estos muestren un trayecto histórico consolidado; por el contrario, han surgido espacios con sinergias negativas irreversibles.

  18. Regional power supply with decentral and renewable energy sources; Regionale Energieversorgung mit dezentralen und erneuerbaren Energien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonow, Martin [Genossenschaftsverband, Neu-Isenburg/Zeppelinheim-Ost (Germany); George, Wolfgang [GenoPortal, Neu-Isenburg (Germany); Klement, Martin [Kassel Univ. (Germany). Fachbereich 6 - Architektur, Stadtplanung, Landschaftsplanung

    2009-04-15

    The contribution starts by assuming a region as a business organisation; on this basis, the authors develop the idea of a regional value-adding chain with regard to regional power supply. After presenting the central actors and their manner of integration, the contribution discusses concepts for sustainable power supply as well as the central parameters of such a development in terms of quality of life, attractivity of the region, future success of technologies, and criteria of value-adding. Finally, the implementation of regional power supply with the aid of a so-called 'balanced scorecard' is explained, which involves balancing of the various perspectives of the process up to the establishment of the final regional power supply concept. Finally, the contribution briefly discusses co-operative models for the establishment of a regional power supply concept. (orig.)

  19. Consument aan het roer : onderzoek naar consumentenvoorkeur voor regionale producten in Wageningen en omgeving

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jagt, van der P.D.; Groen, P.; Kavvouris, C.

    2013-01-01

    De consumenten coöperatie CC2 van o.a. Buys & Ko uit Wageningen is een actieve groep consumenten die zich verenigd hebben om consumenten meer stem te geven in het aanbod van duurzaam voedsel in de regio. Een consumenten coöperatie is een nieuwe interactieve manier om consumenten en hun

  20. Organizarea teritorial-administrativă ca premisă a politicilor regionale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loránd Cziprián KOVÁCS

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available În ultima vreme se aduce tot mai des în discuţie necesitatea reorganizării teritorial administrative a ţării. Chiar mai mult, guvernul a iniţiat câteva conferinţe în care s-au dezbătut problemele legate de acest subiect. Ca urmare a acestor consfătuiri au apărut în presă informaţii conform cărora se fac presiuni asupra guvernului pentru a accepta ideea reînfiinţării unor judeţe aşa zis abuziv desfiinţate - cifra ridicându-se la 20 de judeţe, pe lângă cele 41(42 dacă luăm în considerare Bucureştiul deja existente.

  1. Los Sistemas Productivos Regionales desde la perspectiva del Análisis de Redes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Semitiel García, María

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper discuss a methodology to analyse industrial relationships based on social network analysis and on the concepts of embeddedness (Granovetter, 1973, productive system (Wilkinson, 1985 and social capital. Once the perspective is discussed it is applied to study industrial relationships in the Basque Country (Spain.The application of the social network analysis to economic research is at the moment at its initial stages, although it has been widely applied in sociology and psychology. The dominance of the neoclassical mainstream paradigm in economics, based on principles and developing theories that do not consider as relevant the social and relational character of agents and systems, is among the main reasons. However, all the perspectives, even the neoclassical, assume that economics is a social science.In this paper relationships are the focus of the analysis and they are considered for a particular productive system, geographically and historically specified. The concept of productive system is understood by considering mercantile and non-mercantile relationships among the firms constituting a particular industrial sector. Moreover, relationships are linking firms, and economic sectors at a more macro level, with other types of institutions such as technology parks, research institutes and universities. At the same time, informal relationships among actors should also be included, together with the formal links, to analyse a complete productive system. The whole relational structure is analysed considering its context, and therefore allowing for the consideration of geographical, historical and social peculiarities, that are necessary for a better understanding of its characteristics.

  2. Aggiustamento regionale, integrazione dei mercati finanziari e redistribuzione fiscale in un'unione monetaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. RICCI

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The work extends the Mundell-Fleming model to a regional context in conditions of uncertainty and imbalance, thus making necessary changes to the basic structure of the original model. The necessity of such an expansion stems from several reasons. First, the new model allows to analyse the static and dynamic effects of asymmetric shocks of a stochastic or systematic character that affect a small region of a currency area. Second, at the level of regional economics there is still a lack of a theoretical model capable of synthesising the effects of monetary and fiscal policies in a context of tight interdependence between the financial sector, public sector and the real sector. Finally, within the sphere of regional economics there is a clear dividing line between short-term and long-term analysis. Aggregate demand policies can generate radically different effects in the long run as opposed to the short-run, regardless of the changes induced by the supply side. The author illustrates the main features that differentiate the model presented with the traditional Mundell-Fleming model. Then, the structure of the model is presented in formal terms and an analysis is performed of stochastic asymmetric shocks of a monetary and real nature that affect a small regional economy. Finally, the impact effects and the long-term dynamic effects of permanent shocks are analysed.  JEL Codes: F36 

  3. La terciarización de las estructuras económicas regionales en Colombia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Bonet

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los patrones de cambio observados en la economía colombiana en la segunda mitad del siglo XX es el crecimiento en la participación de las actividades terciarias en el PIB. Este trabajo aporta evidencia que ayuda a caracterizar este proceso en las regiones colombianas, utilizando la información sobre producto y empleo departamental. Los hallazgos encontrados no muestran una relación clara entre el producto de los sectores terciarios y el desempeño económico relativo. Sin embargo, la información sobre empleo indica que aquellas regiones con un desarrollo relativo alto tienen una mayor generación de empleo en actividades terciarias y un menor grado de informalidad. Finalmente, algunos resultados apoyan la hipótesis de que las regiones rezagadas tienden a presentar un patrón de terciarización espurio, mientras las más prósperas estarían asociadas con uno genuino.

  4. Mercados regionales de Huixcolotla y Zacapoaxtla, Puebla : un enfoque de desarrollo rural.

    OpenAIRE

    Arvizu Barrón, Ezequiel

    2013-01-01

    El presente estudio es resultado del análisis de información obtenida mediante cuestionarios y entrevistas estructuradas, directamente de los agentes económicos que participan en el proceso de producción y comercialización de productos agrícolas en la región que impacta al mercado de Huixcolotla y Zacapoaxtla, Puebla. El trabajo de campo se llevó a cabo en los años 2010 y 2011. Es un estudio explicativo que persigue profundizar en el conocimiento de dichos mercados con respecto a las áreas de...

  5. Positronemissionstomografi. En ny målemetode til billedmaessig fremstilling af regionale fysiologiske og biokemiske parametre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolwig, T G; Haunsø, S; Hove, J D

    1994-01-01

    in the brain: circulation, metabolism and receptor studies. In Parkinson's disease PET studies have been able to localize the pathology specifically, and in early stroke PET technique can outline focal areas with living but non-functioning cells, and this could make it possible to intervene in this early state...

  6. ¿Es México un Estado reproductor de las desigualdades regionales?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Merchand Rojas

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza cómo el Estado mexicano en lugar de haber aminorado los grados de desigualdad, estos se han promovido e, incluso, de cierta manera, han sido fomentados para generar un desarrollo regional más desequilibrado y desarticulado en función únicamente de los intereses sectoriales predominantes, sean agrícolas, industriales y de servicios; pues solo se buscan espacios económicos que permitan reproducir capitales espurios (enclaves económicos, sin una contribución a las comunidades locales; incluso, muchas veces, se han generado externalidades negativas que socavan el tejido social de las poblaciones locales. A lo largo de los siguientes párrafos, se explica cómo el Estado mexicano en estos últimos treinta años se ha mostrado solo como instancia regulativa y promotora de un crecimiento económico excluyente a favor del capital y en contra del trabajo. Además, es un Estado incapaz de sostener o asegurar las condiciones mínimas (económicas y sociales para que los espacios nacionales y locales reproduzcan su tejido productivo y se permita que estos muestren un trayecto histórico consolidado; por el contrario, han surgido espacios con sinergias negativas irreversibles.******This article analyzes how the Mexican State has promoted inequality levels instead of decreasing them. These levels have also been promoted to generate a more unbalanced and disassembled regional development just in favor of the prevailing sectorial interests whereas in agriculture, the industries or the service sector, because these just look for economical spaces that allow to reproduce spurious resources (economic enclaves without a contribution to local communities. Negative externalities indeed affect many times and undermine the social network of local populations. Throughout the following paragraphs, it will be explained how the Mexican State, in these last thirty years, has shown itself just as regulatory and sponsoring instance of an increasingly exclusive economic growth, in favor of capital and against work. Besides that, this State is unable of holding or guaranteeing minimum conditions (economic and social for national and local spaces to recreate their reproductive network so they could show a historical and consolidated route; on the contrary, spaces with irreversible negative synergies have emerged.

  7. Declive económico y políticas regionales: el caso de Asturias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOSÉ Mª GARCÍA BLANCO

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available El declive de las "viejas regiones industriales" constituye uno de los problemas más difíciles que han de afrontar los gobiernos de muchos países industrializados. Los planes de revitalización, que han recurrido predominantemente a los incentivos a la localización de empresas y a la mejora de las infraestructuras, han tenido en general poco éxito. Es muy común que estos problemas se expliquen mediante lo que podríamos llamar una "teoría del capital social". Con ella se hace referencia (de manera casi tautológica a una serie de condiciones "extraeconómicas", representadas como "mentalidades", "actitudes", "factores invisibles del desarrollo" o (preferentemente "cultura", cuyo cambio se supone que debería añadirse a otras condiciones específicamente "económicas" para que tales planes puedan tener éxito. Pero esta problemática puede entenderse mejor si se parte de otra teoría que tome como puntos de referencia fundamentales los conceptos de sistema autorreferencial y de memoria sistémica. De acuerdo con ellos, cuando una formación regional está acostumbrada a identificar como la causa de su bienestar la capacidad de presión y negociación políticas, la puesta en marcha de más y más programas de incentivos a la instalación de nuevas empresas, unida al mantenimiento de las viejas e ineficientes industrias y al aseguramiento del nivel de renta de la región, en tanto se produce tal instalación, sólo sirven para revalidar la eficacia atribuida a una forma de causalidad económica que, en realidad, es un obstáculo decisivo para la transformación del sistema económico de las "viejas áreas industriales", pues su reto es, precisamente, pasar de ser sistemas estacionarios y políticamente estabilizados a ser sistemas capaces de elaborar estructuras disipativas y, con ello, de autoorganizarse.

  8. Aspectos regionales de la movilidad social y la igualdad de oportunidades en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la presente investigación es estudiar la movilidad social en Colombia en el ámbito regional. Colombia tiene uno de los más altos índices de concentración del ingreso en el mundo y amplias disparidades económicas a nivel regional, que han sido persistentes en el tiempo. En este trabajo se estudia uno de los factores determinantes de dicha persistencia: baja movilidad social de las generaciones. Los resultados confiman los bajos niveles de movilidad intergeneracional en la educación, aunque se reportan mejorías. Además, se encuentra una fuerte asociación entre el ingreso de una región y el grado de movilidad social. También, hay una correlación negativa y significativa entre el grado de desigualdad en los ingresos de una región y el grado de movilidad social. Esta investigación representa un primer esfuerzo por relacionar las condiciones de movilidad social con las de desigualdad, avanzando en el estudio de la transmisión intergeneracional de las desigualdades en Colombia.

  9. Acciones de las empresas manufactureras exportadoras regionales, en transición hacia el ecomarketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Muñoz Bautista

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available El relevante papel que está tomando la sustentabilidad en decisiones empresariales, por conciencia, responsabilidad o sensibilidad social, aunado al incremento del ecoconsumo, orienta el sondeo en empresas manufactureras exportadoras del estado de Hidalgo sobre la atención a iniciativas para transitar hacia una mercadotecnia ambiental, verde, sostenible o ecomarketing, desde la percepción de altos directivos y operativos. Las variables cuestionadas derivan de la gestión de riesgos ambientales y por ello la creación de valor para el consumidor y la sociedad. La investigación es cuantitativa, exploratoria, probabilística por área y cuotas, basada en dos constructos decisionales: ambiente y valor para la marca, significancia Chi2 en prueba de hipótesis y tablas de contingencia. Las percepciones entre directivos y operativos divergen en cuanto a instalación y uso de materiales ecológicos. Generalizando, 20% manifiesta realizar gestión ambiental, 45% lo intenta y 35% lo discrimina; y 35, 35 y 35% son los respectivos en creación de valor.

  10. Regionale Meeresschutzkooperation und die EU-Gratwanderung der Helsinki-Kommission imOsterweiterungsprozess der EU

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imhoff, Heike

    1999-12-01

    The purpose of the lecture is to describe the role of regional marine protection cooperation in the context of international cooperation. My intention is to provide evidence that regional forms of cooperation are an indispensable instrument, in particular against the backdrop of the EU enlargement to the east. Signed at times when the iron curtain still existed, the Baltic Marine Environment Protection Convention was the basis of a first reluctant cooperation between Western and Eastem states bordering on the Baltic Sea. As a result of the fall of the iron curtain and of the accession of Finland and Sweden to the European Union there was a shift in the political structure of the Baltic Sea cooperation. 4 EU member states are represented in the Helsinki Commission. As there is a total of 10 Parties (one of them the Commission of the European Communities) this means that EU countries currently already make up 50% of the Commission. The regulatory instruments of the Helsinki Commission (legally non-binding, yet politically appellative recommendations) and of the EU (directives, regulations etc. which are binding by international law) make it clear that there are serious differences. From the point of view of regional marine protection cooperation, the EC Commission’s involvement in issues of regional marine protection has been linked to both advantages and disadvantages. The pressure created by the EC’s involvement in certain issues can be considered an advantage, since it requires that certain issues are continually addressed in the framework of regional marine protection cooperation. For example, in the wake of the adoption of the nitrates directive special rules were established in the framework of the Helsinki Commission. However, the exclusive competence for individual areas (e.g. fisheries) claimed by the EC Commission sometimes has negative effects. Those member states of the Helsinki Commission which are also EU member states may formally only accept rules which comply with existing EC legislation. In addition, the EC Commission, which is a Party to the Helsinki Convention, strictly monitors compliance with the limits set by their exclusive resoonsibility and the responsibility of the Helsinki Commission. This demeanour of the EC Commission regularly creates problems in cases where EC rules do not take into account the regional characteristics of the Baltic Sea area and in particular when they do not adequately honour the position of the Russian Federation as a member state with equal rights. What is the special role of the Helsinki Commission compared to the Barcelona cooperation (Mediterranean Sea protection) and to the OSPAR cooperation (protection of the North East Atlantic)? It is particularly important that those OSPAR member states which are not also EU members enforce a comparatively high level of environmental protection anyway. This does not automatically apply to states like Poland or the Baltic Republics, most of which, however, will join the EU in the foreseeable future, but whose environmental standards partly still require significant adjustment to the EC level. In addition, the Russian Federation, which will not become an EU member even in the foreseeable future, plays, a special role. At this point the significant general political role of the Helsinki Commission must be mentioned. According to the unanimity principle it only adopts recommendations which receive the support of all member states, i.e. also by the mentioned eastern riparian states. Sometimes criticism is voiced that the different forms of regional cooperation would lead to duplication of work in the case of issues which are regulated by EC directives anyway and that they should therefore be rejected. It is said that the candidate countries should rather give priority to the adjustment to the EC protection level and that there was no need for an intermediate stage at the regional level. This attitude completely ignores the necessity of regional and specific political solutions for a given geographical region. However, experience of parallel membership in the regional cooperation on protection and in the EU shows that in the long run the two aspects can be combined. There are signs indicating that the EC increasingly recognises the value of regional forms of cooperation.

  11. Las dependencias regionales de los asentamientos humanos localizados en el parque nacional "Lagunas de Chacahua", Oaxaca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Huerta

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to reveal the regional dinamic of the population living in the national park "Lagoons of Chacahua". In the first part of the paper, the methodological and theoretical position underlying this research are given. The second part goes on to establish the local settlement hierarchy based on the presence of four population centres. Lastly, we present the major findings with regard to the regional dependences of the economic functions exerted from those centres, particularly as seen from the spatial influence of health centres, food provision and commercialisation of the fish production.

  12. Regionalisering en mondialisering: Een cultuursociologische analyse van het regionale perspectief in een Europese context

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Reverda (Nol)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractGlobalisation is a fashionable and frequently reflected and analysed subject nowadays. There are reasons for this. The globe has become the stage, where economics, politics and society increasingly give shape and structure to their plays. Economies are globally intertwined, and

  13. Progreso tecnológico y divergencias regionales: evidencia para Colombia (1980-2010)

    OpenAIRE

    Sanabria Gomez, Segundo Abrahan

    2017-01-01

    La teoría del crecimiento endógeno planteó que el cambio tecnológico es endógeno y que presenta rendimientos marginales crecientes en los factores, por lo cual no necesariamente existe convergencia entre países ricos y pobres. A partir de este principio e integrando los enfoques teóricos evolucionista y estructuralista, en este artículo, utilizando indicadores estadísticos y estimaciones econométricas, se demuestra que a escala regional, el progreso tecnológico se asocia positivamente c...

  14. Regional virtual power plant. State of the art; Regionales virtuelles Kraftwerk. Eine Ist-Stand-Analyse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seifert, Joachim; Meinzenbach, Andrea [TU Dresden (Germany). Professur fuer Gebaeudeenergietechnik und Waermeversorgung; Hartan, Joerg [VNG Gasspeicher GmbH, Leipzig (Germany). Fachgruppe fuer Automatisierung und Prozessleittechnik; Schegner, Peter [TU Dresden (Germany). Inst. fuer Elektrische Energieversorgung und Hochspannungstechnik; Rehkopf, Andreas [TU Bergakademie Freiberg (Germany). Inst. fuer Automatisierungstechnik

    2013-04-15

    The politically and socially desired rearrangement of the energy sector in Germany becomes very challenging for the regional and national utility company. In particular, the integration of renewable energy sources into the power structures is mentioned. The activities mainly focus on the electric power sector. Under this aspect, the contribution under consideration reports on two current research projects. These research projects look for solutions in order to operate micro-CHP systems in the network in addition to the isolated operation.

  15. ¿Qué perspectivas para las lenguas regionales de Francia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Banegas Saorín

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available We study in this work the situation of the languages which are in contact in France and the language politics applied since French was established as the official language of the country, in order to determinate the perspectives of national recognition that exist for the other languages which still without official statute.The exclusive national treatment they have received until the end of the twentieth century faces nowadays the defense and protection position of the regional languages in the European Union. We are going to analyze both, national and European ones, before concluding in terms of expectations for these minority languages.

  16. Patrones regionales de emparejamiento conyugal en México en el año 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Viridiana SOSA-MÁRQUEZ

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En este documento se estiman los niveles de emparejamiento conyugal en México para las va - riables edad y nivel escolar de las parejas al momento de la unión legal en el año 2000, a nivel nacional y estatal. Para ello, se utilizan las estadísticas vitales de matrimonios, obteniendo las proporciones de parejas en las que se tiene mayor, igual o menor edad o nivel escolar (hiperga - mia, homogamia o hipogamia, respectivamente. Se aplicó un análisis de conglomerados a las citadas proporciones para construir grupos de estados que se parezcan entre sí y se representaron en mapas, con el fin de conocer la existencia de patrones de casamiento legal en el país a nivel estatal, en cuanto a la edad y escolaridad de los contrayentes.

  17. Wetenschap in een regionale context. Sociologie en economie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korrie Melis

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Science in a regional context: Sociology and economy at the University of Groningen.The relation between a university and its regional service area is two-sided. A university depends on the regional service area, for example for supplying students and research topics. On the other hand a service area can profit from the university by applying the results of the research conducted. In this article we explore this relationship in the case of the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. The focus is on research by two scientists: the work of the sociologist C.D. Saal from the1950s and the work of the economist Jan Oosterhaven from the 1970s. The research of both men was strongly grounded in a regional discussion about social-economic development and was conducted through methods that could be considered as innovative for that time. Although the direct relevance of their work is modest, especially for Saal’s work, their work directly influenced the debate about economic development. It helped regional politicians to find legitimation for their policy proposals. Both men contributed to the transfer of knowledge to practice by participating in the ongoing debates about rural and regional development. Therefore, we can conclude that their research illustrates the productive relationship between scientists and the regional context in which research is conducted.

  18. Regional power distribution in the competitive market environment; Die regionale Stromverteilung im liberalisierten Markt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marquis, G.; Birkner, P. [Lech-Elektrizitaetswerke AG, Augsburg (Germany). Abt. Netzbetrieb

    2000-05-01

    Regional or local electricity suppliers as the owners of the local or regional distribution networks are responsible for reliable power supply to the end-use customers in their area, and have to guarantee the required voltage quality. Thus regional suppliers' major business is power procurement and distribution, as well as load and voltage management in the distribution systems. The article discusses the new challenges and obligations of distribution providers arising from the conditions of power trading in deregulated markets, referring to major aspects such as efficiency enhancements in network design and operation, and customized supply quality. (orig./CB) [German] Der Kunde erhaelt die elektrische Energie in der von ihm gewuenschten Spannungsstufe und an dem von ihm gewuenschten Ort. Regionalversorger sind also schwerpunktmaessig in Energieeinkauf und -vertrieb sowie in der Veredelung elektrischer Energie in Form von Transformation und Verteilung taetig. Im Folgenden werden die veraenderten Anforderungen an ein elektrisches Verteilungsnetz beschrieben, die sich aus der Liberalisierung des Strommarktes ergeben. Neben noetigen Effizienzsteigerungen in Konstruktion und Betrieb elektrischer Netze ist als wesentliche Konsequenz des Wettbewerbs die kundenspezifische Versorgungsqualitaet zu nennen. (orig.)

  19. Positronemissionstomografi. En ny målemetode til billedmaessig fremstilling af regionale fysiologiske og biokemiske parametre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolwig, T G; Haunsø, S; Hove, J D

    1994-01-01

    . With the tomographic principle of the PET scanner the quantitative distribution of the administered isotopes can be determined and images can be provided as well as dynamic information on blood flow, metabolism and receptor function. In neurology PET has been used for investigations on numerous physiological processes......Positron emission tomography (PET) is a method for quantitative imaging of regional physiological and biochemical parameters. Positron emitting radioactive isotopes can be produced by a cyclotron, eg. the biologically important carbon (11C), oxygen (15O), and nitrogen (13N) elements...... of necrotic or viable tissue, thereby delineating effects of revascularisation. In the future it will probably be possible to characterize the myocardial receptor status in different cardiac diseases. The PET technique is used in oncology for clinical as well as more basic research on tumor perfusion...

  20. El multiculturalismo en un juego de contextos estatales, regionales y globales en África

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maguemati Wabgou

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se hacen algunas referencias a la riqueza y vitalidad de las culturas de África que sirvan para cimentar políticas multiculturales en el continente. Esto lleva a abordar la problemática sobre la nación incluyente y el Estado en África, y a examinar los alcances de la búsqueda de la unidad nacional a partir de la diversidad cultural de los pueblos africanos; es decir, este artículo se enfoca en el análisis de las relaciones entre los Estados africanos y las diversidades culturales.

  1. FOCJ as a Means of Regional Cooperation (FOCJ als Mittel regionaler Kooperation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Gewinne zu Verlusten geworden sind. Nur diejenigen Unternehmen, die sich durch Innovationsfdhigkeit auszeichnen, sind in der Lage, sich am Markt gegen...nicht entstehen oder vom Markt verdrdingt wer- den. Dazu kdime die Vergabe billiger Kredite oder Subventionen in Betracht. Das betreffende FOCJ...zusditzlich dem ,,politischen Markt ", oder wie Frey es ausdrfickt, muss zu den bestehenden vier wirtschaftlichen Freiheiten - freie Mobilitdit von

  2. Las desigualdades regionales del desarrollo sustentable en México, 2000-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés E. Miguel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Analizar el comportamiento del desarrollo sustentable de las regiones de México del año 2000 al 2005 es el propósito del presente artículo; pues se considera que éste entrelaza el crecimiento, la equidad social y la conservación ecológica. Conforme al análisis se concluye que el desarrollo regional sustentable del país se está deteriorando con desigualdades y desequilibrios crecientes entre su economía, bienestar y medio ambiente. Para cuantificar el deterioro se utilizó, como indicador, el índice de desarrollo sustentable del agua.

  3. Las transformaciones regionales de las economías campesinas en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vargas Velásquez Alejo

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available

    La dinámica de las relaciones sociales que articulan a las economías campesinas en Colombia es el objeto de este articulo. Para explicar la importancia de esta forma de producción en el mundo rural se contemplan dos dimensiones de análisis: la dimensión regional, que busca dar cuenta de las especificidades de la estructura agraria colombiana. Aquí se consideran los casos particulares de la comarca de la Región de Los Andes Orientales (Mílga y Duitama y dos comarcas de la región Valle-Tolima-Huila (Cali y Tuluá. En segundo lugar se considera la dimensión histórica, la cual permite apreciar las transformaciones sufridas por las economías campesinas en cada espacio regional. El rango histórico escogido considera los últimos cincuenta años dado que es en este periodo donde se observan los procesos más significativos de penetración del capital en el campo colombiano. Se presentan los elementos cualitativos más relevantes de los procesos acaecidos en las economías campesinas de las comarcas arriba mencionadas presentando, en segundo lugar, una síntesis interpretativa de los factores más significativos que han influenciado estas transformaciones. Se concluye fijando una posición en referencia a los debates descritos y, sugiriendo algunos puntos que buscan aportar a la creación de un nuevo contexto económico y social que faculte el desarrollo de las economías campesinas en Colombia.

  4. Impactos regionales de las remesas en el crecimiento económico de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Eduardo Mendoza Cota

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudia el impacto del proceso de apertura económica y de las remesas en el crecimiento económico regional en México. A fin de estimar el efecto del proceso de apertura económica, y controlando por los ingresos derivados del fenómeno de las remesas, se establece un modelo econométrico de corte transversal con variables dicotómicas para estimar la importancia de los flujos externos derivados de la apertura económica y de la intensidad regional de las remesas en el crecimiento regional. Los resultados empíricos muestran que en algunas regiones se ha dado un fenómeno de intensificación de la participación de las remesas en el PIB per cápita. Por su parte, los flujos del comercio exterior han mostrado un efecto positivo en el crecimiento regional.

  5. Metodenotat om anvendelse af fremsyn i kommunale og regionale udviklings- og planstrategiprocesser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, B.; Madsen, F.

    2006-01-01

    Notatet indeholder forslag til tilrettelæggelse af et regionalt fremsyn med tilhørende beskrivelse af processens enkelte elementer delt i følgende faser: Definition og afgrænsning. Forberedende fase. SWOT analyse. Eksplorativ fase. Bearbejdning.Implementering. Formidling og præsentation. Identite......Notatet indeholder forslag til tilrettelæggelse af et regionalt fremsyn med tilhørende beskrivelse af processens enkelte elementer delt i følgende faser: Definition og afgrænsning. Forberedende fase. SWOT analyse. Eksplorativ fase. Bearbejdning.Implementering. Formidling og præsentation...

  6. TENDINŢE ŞI CONFIGURAŢII ALE ACORDURILOR COMERCIALE REGIONALE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Tobosaru

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The proliferation of regional trade agreements (RTAs has become a common term, în the pressand relevant literature, to account for the increasing number of RTAs being recorded în recent years. BetweenJanuary 2004 and February 2005 the total number of regional RTAs notified to the World Trade Organization was43, this period being the most prolific în the history of RTAs. In 2004, the global number of RTAs is 230. Animportant feature of the rise în the number of RTAs is the growing number of over-lapping agreements and the socalled“spaghetti bowl” that has emerged from the proliferation of bilateral agreements. Another trend is the socalledhub-and-spoke structure. In a hub-and-spoke trading system, the largest markets sign individual agreementswith a wide range of peripheral countries among which market access remains restricted. This article will try toexplain each of these features of RTAs în present.

  7. La democracia venezolana en una encrucijada: las elecciones nacionales y regionales de 1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Enrique MOLINA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El panorama político venezolano está sufriendo importantes cambios. El electorado ha roto con la estática estabilidad bipartidista que se logró en el llamado Pacto de Punto Fijo en 1958. En el artículo se exponen los antecedentes de orden político y económico de la transformación que se está desarrollando actualmente en la democracia venezolana. Se trata de un cambio que se ha mostrado a nivel electoral, donde nuevas fuerzas políticas sustituyen a los partidos tradicionales. La población ha perdido la confianza en los viejos partidos —Acción Democrática y COPEI— y las lealtades partidistas han desaparecido en favor de la personalización de la política y de la volatilidad del voto.En el artículo se describen los cambios en el sistema electoral y sus consecuencias; los partidos políticos y sus candidatos; el fenómeno de la abstención; los resultados de las elecciones para el Congreso de la República, y el proceso de elección presidencial.ABSTRACT: The political life in Venezuela is suffering important changes. The electorate has broken the static two-party stability achieved in 1958 with the so called Pacto de Punto Fijo. The article presents the political and economic background prior to the transformation that is actually taking place in the Venezuelan democracy.The change was manifest at the electoral level, where new political forces are substituting the traditional parties. The population has lost confidence in the old parties — Acción Democrática y COPEI — and party loyalties have disappeared in favor of the personalization of politics and the volatility of the vote.The article describes the changes in the electoral system and their consequences; political parties and their candidates; the phenomenon of abstention; the results of Congress elections and the process of presidential election.

  8. Plutarch’s polemic against Colotes’ view on legislation and politics. A reading of Adversus Colotem 30-34 (1124D-1127E La polémique de Plutarque contre Colotès sur la législation et la politique. Une lecture du Contre Colotès 30-34 (1124D-1127E La polemica de Plutarco contro Colote a proposito della legislazione e della politica. Una lettura del Contro Colote 30-34 (1124D-1127E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geert Roskam

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available À la fin de son Adversus Colotem, Plutarque attaque la conception épicurienne de la politique (1124D-1127E. Son point de départ est une citation littérale de Colotès. Ce dernier avait apparemment conclu son pamphlet polémique par une appréciation enthousiaste de l’œuvre de législateurs anciens. Plutarque réagit fermement en opposant les médiocres résultats de la pensée d’Épicure aux réalisations impressionnantes des membres des autres écoles philosophiques.Dans cet article, on examine de près la position de l’épicurien Colotès et la réponse de Plutarque. Les différents arguments sont analysés un par un, et cette analyse de détail montre qu’aucun des arguments critiques de Plutarque ne saurait convaincre un épicurien. Pourtant, plusieurs d’entre eux posent des questions pertinentes et projettent une lumière intéressante sur les stratégies polémiques de Plutarque et sur ses conceptions philosophiques.Alla fine dell’Adversus Colotem, Plutarco attacca la concezione epicurea della politica (1124D-1127E. Prende le mosse da una citazione letterale di Colote, che aveva apparentemente concluso la sua operetta polemica con un apprezzamento entusiastico dell’attività dei legislatori antichi. Plutarco reagisce con fermezza, contrapponendo i risultati mediocri del pensiero di Epicuro agli esiti impressionanti degli esponenti delle altre scuole filosofiche.In questo articolo, viene esaminata attentamente la posizione dell’epicureo Colote e la risposta di Plutarco. I diversi argomenti sono esaminati uno per uno e l’analisi dettagliata mostra che nessuno degli argomenti critici di Plutarco potrebbe persuadere un epicureo. Ciò nonostante, molti di essi pongono questioni interessanti e gettano una luce nuova sulle strategie polemiche di Plutarco e sulle sue concezioni filosofiche.At the end of his Adversus Colotem, Plutarch attacks the Epicurean view of politics (1124D-1127E. His starting point is a verbatim

  9. Il ruolo delle politiche di bilancio nell'integrazione economica dell'Europa. (The role of fiscal policy in Europe’s economic integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. CAMPA

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Per raggiungere gli obiettivi previsti per " Europa 1992 ", un maggiore e più efficace coordinamento macroeconomico è necessario , sia all'interno di ciascun paese e all'interno della Comunità in generale. Il presente lavoro con la politica fiscale , sia a livello intracomunitario di coordinamento delle politiche nazionali , e al livello sovranazionale finalizzate ad assorbire le forze autonome di crescita diversificata. L'autore sostiene che, se una unione economica e monetaria richiede una politica regionale orientata di stabilizzazione e sviluppo , la politica economica di breve e medio termine , nel caso degli strumenti di bilancio , deve essere realizzato attraverso una disciplina sovranazionale con modi più dettagliati in cui le risorse può e deve essere trasferito da una regione all'altra e in cui tali risorse possono essere esentati da diverse regioni .To achieve the objectives set forth for “Europe 1992” a greater and more effective macroeconomic coordination is necessary, both within each country and within the Community at large. The present work deals with fiscal policy, both at the intra-Community level of coordination of national policies, and at the supranational level aimed at absorbing autonomous forces of diversified growth. The author argues that if an economic and monetary union requires a regionally oriented policy of stabilisation and development, the short and medium term economic policy, in the case of budgetary instruments, needs to be realised through a supranational discipline with more detailed ways in which resources can and must be transferred from one region to another and in which these resources may be exempted from different regions. JEL: F15, E62

  10. Un ethos compassionevole. La sofferenza come linguaggio, l’ascolto come politica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didier Fassin

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In Naven, studio classico dell’antropologia culturale e psichiatrica,Gregory Bateson (1936 propone di indicare con ethos “l’espressione di un sistema culturalmente standardizzato di organizzazione degli istinti e delle emozioni degli individui”. Prima di utilizzare il concetto così definito nell’interpretazione della società iatmul della Nuova Guinea, cui ha dedicato una ricerca etnografica, egli propone un sorprendente giro attraverso la cerchia degli intellettuali britannici al fine di mostrare l’estensione del concetto, di presentarlo in un contesto che sia familiare ai suoi lettori e, infine, di respingere preventivamente ogni prospettiva esotizzante. Nei comportamenti di questa élite, possibile reperire, spiega Bateson, dei codici che regolano ciò che, di contro, appare come perfettamente naturale: un certo modo di parlare, di fare dello spirito, di soppesare come ci si debba comportare o discutere. Questo “insieme definito di sentimenti nei confronti del resto del mondo” e questo “atteggiamento definito nei confronti della realtà” sono caratteristici di questo gruppo e ne “determinano i comportamenti”.

  11. Oltre la politica della nuda vita. L’AIDS e l’ordine neoliberista

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    Jean Comaroff

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available L’intervento che segue è stato scritto contemporaneamente alla disperata lotta che Sihle Dlamini ha condotto contro l’HIV/AIDS, conclusasi il 15 febbraio 2005. Lo dedico alla sua memoria.

  12. Scrivere e leggere. Etnografia politica di un corso per l’alfabetizzazione di adulti sinti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Trevisan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Fin dai primi anni Sessanta diverse famiglie sinte imparentate fra loro cominciarono a svernare nelle città di Modena, Bologna e Reggio Emilia, continuando invece a spostarsi, da marzo a fine ottobre, lungo itinerari interprovinciali che toccavano fiere e sagre in Emilia Romagna, basso Veneto e bassa Lombardia (si partiva il 19 marzo, per la fiera di san Giuseppe, e si ritornava per la celebrazione dei morti.

  13. Dalla politica alla gestione del bene comune. L’esempio del teatro Valle a Roma

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    Alice Furlan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The concept of common good could be declined in three major points: 1 the theft of the good itself from the profit mindset; 2 the creation of a link between the community and the good; 3 the creation of a new management form, neither public nor private, which knows the capacity of the good itself. From the analysis of the schedule published by MiBAC, it is clear that there is a lack of founds addressed to the artistic research. The situation that occurs nowadays is imposing the necessity of identifying another kind of development model. I took, as a research topic, Teatro Valle, which is one of the most important case in the Italian national context. The management of the entire structure undergoes through the principles of non-rivalry, non-exclusion and self-governance. The strongest points of this model are: the idea of an alternative management and the creation of synergies between several cultural movements.The theatre itself has been seeing as a multi-functional location: there are lots of performances flanked by debates, conferences, talks, and other initiatives. Another important aspect is the great visibility that the experience has been receiving through the years. However it is necessary to underline that the building, which is a private property, lives in a condition of lawlessness because it has been occupied. Moreover Teatro Valle has been accused of unfair competition by other cultural spaces. Since the culture is the common thread that helps us to uphold our identity, the common goods help us to recognize ourselves and state our fundamental rights.

  14. La voce politica dell’arte effimera: due casi dall’Africa contemporanea

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    Dominique Malaquais

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In questo articolo si prenderà in considerazione l’opera di due creatori contemporanei la cui arte esplora l’effimero come mezzo per affrontare questioni politiche complesse1. Entrambi gli artisti sono camerunesi. Il primo, Malam (nato nel 1965, vive oggi nella periferia parigina; il secondo, Hervé Yamguen (nato nel 1971 abita a Douala.

  15. Chile: Una Vision Politica, Economica y Social (Chile: A Political, Economic, and Social View).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortes-Hwang, Adriana

    1972-01-01

    This address seeks to explain in brief the historical background and political, economic, and social conditions leading to the democratic election of a Marxist president in Chile. A historical sketch of Chilean government from independence in 1810 is provided with a description of the situation just before Salvador Allende's election in 1969. Some…

  16. Teacher Education Reform and Subaltern Voices: From Politica to Practica in Bolivia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delany-Barmann, Gloria

    2010-01-01

    In 1994, the National Educational Reform in Bolivia instituted reforms that called for a model of education that held at its center the knowledge and languages of Indigenous people. The types of change called for by the reforms in Bolivia signify major transformations in teacher preparation practices and a concerted emphasis on training in…

  17. Administrative tutelage of energy access policies; Tutela regulatoria das politicas de acesso a energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vannucci, Vasconcellos Mariana; Souza, Mendonca Fabiano Andre de [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil). Programa de pos Graduacao em Direito

    2008-07-01

    The change of the position of the State in relation to the economy, although brought the opening of the market to the foreign investments, brought the responsibility of this State in relation to its social aspect. The creation of public policy that could grow the development in the country has been the main goal of the governmental actions, also of its economic planning. This because, when it prevent itself of the direct action in the economy, the State brought for itself the control of some essentials sectors, amongst them the energy sector as well. The energy is a strategical good, the development of a society depends of that, and then, it must be faced as condition to assure the quality of life of the society of direct and indirect form. Therefore the energy is a character of social right, being necessary the implementation of public policies, to not only assure the access of all to the energy, as the rational use of this resource, therefore its it offers assures the independence of a nation in relation to others. It is in this direction that this work searches to analyze the guardianship of the policy of access to the energy by the State, in way this can accomplish the basic objectives of the Constitution, amongst them, the development. (author)

  18. Estandares: El medio ambiente de las politicas (Standards: The Policy Environment). ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadderman, Margaret

    This digest in Spanish offers a snapshot of the standards movement: its origins, the definitions of standards and which ones matter, its successes at the district and state levels, the backlash against the movement, and possible policy directions. While a broad coalition of constituencies has embraced standards-based reform as a means of improving…

  19. Educacion: Documento de Politica Sectorial. Tercera Edicion. (Education: Sector Policy Paper. Third Edition.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haddad, Wadi D.; And Others

    The present paper updates the World Bank's interpretations of education development and outlines a policy framework for lending for education. After chapters on the relationship between education and development and on the state of education development, the paper devotes a chapter to each of five issues: the expansion and equalization of…

  20. Politicas de uniformes y codigos de vestuario (Uniforms and Dress-Code Policies). ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lumsden, Linda

    This digest in Spanish examines schools' dress-code policies and discusses the legal considerations and research findings about the effects of such changes. Most revisions to dress codes involve the use of uniforms, typically as a way to curb school violence and create a positive learning environment. A recent survey of secondary school principals…

  1. La migrazione del chagas: Costruzione bio-medica e socio-politica delle malattie tropicali dimenticate

    OpenAIRE

    Ciannameo, Anna

    2014-01-01

    Questo studio propone un'esplorazione dei nessi tra processi migratori ed esperienze di salute e malattia a partire da un'indagine sulle migrazioni provenienti dall'America latina in Emilia-Romagna. Contemporaneamente indaga i termini del dibattito sulla diffusione della Malattia di Chagas, “infezione tropicale dimenticata” endemica in America centro-meridionale che, grazie all'incremento dei flussi migratori transnazionali, viene oggi riconfigurata come 'emergente' in alcuni contesti di imm...

  2. Dal potere legale ai poteri globali. Legittimità e misura in politica

    OpenAIRE

    Schiera, Pierangelo

    2013-01-01

    Frutto di un'indagine condotta per tappe successive, questo scritto pone sul tappeto le questioni preliminari che Schiera ha incontrato nella ricerca sul DOPO dello Stato moderno, cioè sul suo futuro. Legalità e legittimità ne sono stati storicamente i materiali di costruzione principali, secondo una composizione variabile ma fondamentalmente basata sul principio di autorità che richiede disciplina, cioè obbedienza di molti al comando di pochi. La legge è stata lo strumento razionale - perciò...

  3. POLITICA ECONOMICA DE AJUSTE DEL AGRO Y SU EFECTO EN LOS GRUPOS SOCIALES DE GRANOS BASICOS.

    OpenAIRE

    Alfaro Rodríguez, Dionisio

    2011-01-01

    Este artículo analiza la política económica de ajuste estructural, los mecanismos, e instrumentos más importantes de regulación y control, que afectan a los grupos sociales productores de granos básicos y sus efectos espaciales, enfatizando en la distribución del crédito.   Se considera la política económica como un conjunto de mecanismos des incentivadores que actúan sobre las características técnico-productivas, socio-productivas y espacial-productivas de los granos básicos. Esta diferencia...

  4. A "politica" de previdencia e o mito da seguridade no Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Angela Maria Carneiro de

    1995-01-01

    A evolução da PoHtica de Previdência Social no Brasil não pode ser estudada isoladamente. Cabe situá-Ia no contexto histórico do país e perceber suas conexões com o movimento "político" de cada época. o presente trabalho visa abordar o tema como um modelo sob constante tensão, onde o antagonismo de interesses leva a uma espécie de "equilíbrio" mais ou menos estável, dentro do qual se manifestam energias opostas. Trata-se de uma pesquisa eminentemente bibliográfica, cuja estr...

  5. Politicas laborales en España para los imigrantes latinoamericanos.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Sacristán.

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The active policies of work for the inmigrants group try to contribute to the increase of the incorporation possibilities and labor maintenance of these workers so related to the Spanish culture, combining, at the same time, flexibility and security in the use. In addition, in macroeconomic terms, the selective performance on the supply and the demand, with measures such as the promotion of the deprived initiative, the aid to mobility to sectors with sufficient demand or the direct creation of use, allow to reduce to the imbalances or misalignments in the work market.

  6. Politicas de reducao de danos no Brasil: contribuicoes de um programa norte-americano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Inglez-Dias

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Considerando a disseminação da epidemia de HIV e o controle de sua transmissão entre usuários de drogas injetáveis (UDI, estratégias de redução de danos foram incorporadas em diversos países, incluindo o Brasil. Considerando a emergência das drogas como tema central na agenda governamental, especialmente o crack, o presente artigo registra e discute as práticas observadas em um programa de pesquisa e atenção aos UDI: o UFO. Foram considerados aspectos tais como acesso e adesão do usuário, dificuldades de financiamento, sustentabilidade e avaliação de resultados. As etapas do estudo envolveram pesquisa documental, observação sistemática e entrevistas com informantes-chave. Destacamos características do UFO que poderiam contribuir para políticas de redução de danos no cenário brasileiro. O programa estudado se apresenta como um exemplo exitoso de iniciativas de redução de danos, obtendo sucesso no acesso e adesão desse grupo, favorecendo seu acesso aos serviços de saúde e prevenção de riscos associados ao uso de drogas.

  7. Construcción politica de reformas curriculares: El caso de Chile en los noventa

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    Cristián Cox

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El autor es un experto implicado en el proceso de diseño curricular vivido en Chile desde la promulgación del LOCE en 1990. El artículo, Basándose en esta experiencia, el artículo describe con detalle este proceso. Muestra las claves, circunstancias y momentos del proceso de construcción y desarrollo de una reforma curricular. Da cuenta de los procesos y contextos que intervienen en ello. Señala que tiene un proceso de construcción política. Pero no sólo se deben a este tipo de decisiones (como marco ideológico y social de decisiones y poder. Los procesos reflexivos que acompañan la toma de decisiones y los cursos de acción generados son importantes. Como también lo es la historia. Incluso los lineamientos curriculares y las presiones hacia el cambio que se den globalmente pueden influir bastante. Así muestra como en Chile, a pesar de partir de una política educativa en la que no había entrado la idea de currículum, ésta empieza a emerger conforme se va construyendo su desarrollo práctico y curricular. De todas las lecciones aprendidas en el proceso destaca que son componentes clave del proceso la participación y la innovación. Argumenta que hay razones sustantivas y políticas para ello. La primera es clave para que el profesorado se apropie de la propuesta de reforma y la haga posible. Por último, destaca que se produce un desarrollo de las capacidades institucionales de diseño y desarrollo curricular en la medida que se ponen en marcha y acumulan procesos de este tipo.

  8. A politica energetica e os fundos publicos oriundos da atual lei do petroleo

    OpenAIRE

    Filipe de Freitas Honorato

    2006-01-01

    Resumo: Este trabalho tem por objetivo analisar as rendas minerais, sob a ótica do Fundo Público. Inicialmente, o trabalho apresenta um marco teórico acerca das discussões teóricas sobre a importância do Estado na atividade extrativista (com destaque para a atividade petrolífera) e a evolução do pensamento sobre o Fundo Público. No capítulo três o trabalho dimensiona a importância da Bacia de Campos na economia brasileira e fluminense, explicando, um-a-um os municípios que fazem parte da zona...

  9. Politica e poetica nella non-scuola del Teatro delle Albe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARESTA, Vito Antonio

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The theatrical experience of ‘non-school’ began in the early ‘90’s, in Ravenna, as part of Teatro delle Albe’s work, a company created in 1983 by Marco Martinelli, Ermanna Montanari, Luigi Dadina and Marcella Nonni. From the early years of the new millennium ‘non-school’ started up in various cities, both in Italy and abroad, and took the name of ‘Arrevuoto’ (Revolt in Naples, ‘Capusutta’ (Upside down in Lamezia Terme and ‘Eresia della Felicità a Venezia’ (The Heresy of Happiness in Venice in the city of that name. The ‘bringing to life of the classics’, the work in chorus and the constant attention to otherness and differences contribute to non-school’s style, but form only a part of the complexity of this theatrical work which changes according to which location a performance will take place in and which texts are chosen. The present article looks into some artistic and political aspects of ‘non-school’ and follows its work which connected four Italian cities over the years 2005-2012: Ravenna, Naples, Lamezia Terme and Venice.

  10. The energy crisis: some political considerations; La crisis energetica: algunas consideraciones politicas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riechmann, J.

    2009-07-01

    Trends like global warming and peak oil (the end of the cheap fossil fuel age) embody an enormous potential of natural catastrophe and socio-economic upheaval. Are our affluent societies ready for the forthcoming conflicts around scarcity, when expansionist human systems collide with the biophysical limits of our finite planet? Unfortunately, we cannot exclude a revival of anti-humanist and anti-democratic political movements in XXIst century. With the global socio-ecological crisis as a background, it is worth considering the idea of Hitler as a forerunner. (Author) 34 refs.

  11. Origine e struttura dell’economia politica. (Origin and Structure of Economics

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    Aldo Montesano

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available  The article discusses the main trends in the formation and evolution of political economy as a scientific discipline. By proposing to include under such label all studies of the organisation of human societies for what concerns the activities of exchange and production, the article deals with the main aspects and problems of these studies. Also the evaluation of the social organisation is taken into account. The article updates and extends a lectio brevis held at the Accademia dei Lincei in Rome in March 2012.JEL: A10, B40, D60

  12. Storiografia cattolica tedesca e Shoah: Memoria religiosa e politica della storia

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    Massimo Faggioli

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The essay addresses and examines the approach of Catholic historians to the Shoah between the 1950s and the beginning of the 21st century in Germany. The relationship between German historiography and the Catholic perception of the Shoah is crucial to understanding the relationship between the post-World War II cultural landscape in Germany and what this German Catholic culture gave to contemporary Catholicism. This legacy is even more important since the Catholic Church elected a German pope in 2005, after the long pontificate of John Paul II, which was decisive in reshaping the historical and theological understanding of the Shoah.

  13. La popolarizzazione della politica: ruolo dei media e implicazioni per la cittadinanza

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    Mazzoleni Gianpietro

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The merging of political sphere, popular culture and media narrations is one of the most interesting features of today’s political communication on a global scale. The “mediatization” of politics finds its full manifestation in the sweeping process of the popularization of political discourse. The mutual adaptation between television – with its drives for entertainment, spectacle and audience ratings – and politics striving for public attention has generated the “pop politics”. The rise of the so-called infotainment and politainment in the political discoruse addresses the question whether and to what extent this type of political communication affects the civic culture and political participation.

  14. A POLITICA DE EDUCAÇÃO NO PERIODO POPULISTA – DESENVOLVIMENTISTA (1945 – 1964

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    Aline Linares de Oliveira Scandelai

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the posture and the importance of education in the management of Presidents of the Republic to govern Brazil for the years1945 to 1964, a period in history called "populist-development", highlighted the achievements, as the realization the first Law of Directives and Bases of Education, and disappointments, as almost half a decade without any investment in the education system. The four initial years of the new term of Vargas are kept populism, the development of industry, petroleum; there is incentive to work, education and assistance. A complaint must be made: there is no attention to rural workers during the present government. The management of Juscelino Kubitschek main attraction foreign capital. There is an incentive for the Northeast and the construction of Brazil capital: Brasilia. An unfavorable aspect to this government is the neutralization of social policies. The managements of Quadros and Goulart bases have solidified into socialism. There is an economic stagnation and inflation at the time marked, but they have incentives to work, education and Social Security. The downside is no attention to rural and domestic workers.

  15. [National population policies. Costa Rica. Oficina de Planificacion Nacional y Politica Economica].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-12-01

    Any population policy aimed at influencing population growth, or spacial distribution of population must take into consideration social policies, such as education and health, and also demographic policies, such as reduction of mortality. Such policy must be global in its outlook, and must plan for long term results. Economic and social development carries with it the almost irreversible phenomena of demographic transition and urbanization, and its implementation must never violate the fundamental rights and the dignity of the individual citizen. Designing a strategy to achieve certain demographic objectives implies the coordinated action of different sectorial policies, and a very precise knowledge of existing circumstances.

  16. Reforma de las pensiones y politica fiscal: algunas lecciones de Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Angel Melguizo; David Tuesta; Angel Munoz; Joaquin Vial

    2009-01-01

    En este documento analizamos los costes fiscales a corto y medio plazo derivados de la reforma estructural del sistema de pensiones, tomando a Chile como ejemplo. El sistema de pensiones chileno, basado en cuentas de capitalizacion individual gestionadas por el sector privado esta funcionando desde hace casi 30 anos, lo que permite analizar con garantias el impacto de los sistemas de pensiones privados en las cuentas publicas. Ademas, en la actualidad se esta implementando una reforma que cam...

  17. Unione monetaria e politica di stabilizzazione nella Comunità Europea.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. PARKIN

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A plan for European Monetary Union was recently proposed based on the issue of a parallel European currency, the acceptance of which would be established by a market process, not by official edicts and which would be managed to achieve stable European-wide prices. This paper examines the desirability of, and problems associated with this particular approach. It represents yet a further attempt to show that the anti-union arguments are either wrong or they are positive, not normative propositions which lead to the prediction that union will not occur and do not lead to the prescription that it shouldn’t. The inflation records of the individual countries are first examined and the reasons for national differences in that rate are analysed. Then the implications of monetary union are analysed. Finally, the political objections to monetary union are considered.JEL: F36, F33

  18. Il controllo quantitativo del credito: i "massimali" come strumento di politica monetaria.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. COTULA

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Generally speaking, the application of credit ceilings confronts the monetary authorities with a number of political and technical problems, such as the acceptability of distortions of and limits to market forces, the difficulty of administrative controls, and so on. Moreover, a systematic analysis of the economic implications of credit ceilings still has to be made, probably because of the novelty of these policy instruments. The present paper studies the effects and scope of the application of credit ceilings, whether they be considered a substitute for monetary base management or as an additional tool. The analysis is developed on the assumption that the banking system is made of a single large bank with many branches.JEL: E51, E52, G28

  19. México, ejemplo de las politicas anti-desarrollo del Consenso de Washington

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    Arturo Guillén

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A partir de los avances logrados por el "nuevo-desarrollismo", examina las políticas macroeconómicas implementadas en México en el contexto del Consenso de Washington, la cuales en el caso mexicano fueron institucionalizadas con la firma del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte (TLCAN. Este tratado consolidó el modelo neoliberal y aherrojó la suerte de la economía mexicana al desempeño de la economía de Estados Unidos. Se analiza la economía mexicana como un caso paradigmático de los efectos anti-crecimiento, de desarticulación de los sistemas productivos y desestabilizadores de las políticas procíclicas inspiradas en el Consenso de Washington. Se concluye que los principales obstáculos para implementar una estrategia alternativa de desarrollo en México, orientada al crecimiento sustentable con equidad, son políticos y residen en la dominación del poder político por una oligarquía financiera rentista que carece de todo idea de proyecto nacional,A partir dos avanços conseguidos pelo "novo-desenvolvimentismo", o artigo examina as políticas macroeconômicas implementadas no México no contexto do Consenso de Washington, as quais, no caso mexicano, foram institucionalizadas com a assinatura do Tratado de Livre Comércio de América do Norte (TLCAN. Este tratado consolidou o modelo neoliberal e agrilhoou a sorte da economia mexicana ao desempenho da economia dos Estados Unidos. No artigo, a economia mexicana analisa-se como um caso paradigmático dos efeitos anticrescimento, de desarticulação dos sistemas produtivos e desestabilizadores das políticas pró-cíclicas inspiradas no Consenso de Washington. Conclui-se que os principais obstáculos para levar à prática uma estratégia alternativa de desenvolvimento no México, orientada ao crescimento sustentável com equidade, são políticos e residem na dominação do poder político por uma oligarquia financeira rentista que carece de qualquer ideia de projeto nacional.

  20. Un Acercamiento Critico-Conceptual a La Modernizacion de La Politica Turistica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelino Castillo Nechar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 El artículo toma como objeto de estudio el análisis de la política turística desde una perspectiva crítica para revalorar el accionar del llamado Estado moderno en sus estrategias de cambio y transformación ante los procesos de crisis, los cuales el Estado aparentemente le da o pretende dar solución. Aunque se desarrolla una visión crítica -en el abordaje de la política turística- no se elude el análisis de la perspectiva tradicional de la misma con la intención de observar que, desde mediados de los ochenta hasta la actualidad, el concepto de modernización se ha asumido como panacea en la visión del desarrollo, por cierto marginalmente formulado. El problema crucial que se observa se ancla en la hipótesis de que el papel que ejerce el Estado en la modernización de la política turística se instrumenta no a partir de un proceso llamado jactanciosamente “democrático” –de planeación participativa– sino por recomendaciones y financiamientos del gran capital nacional e internacional, a través de diversas instituciones, cuyas orientaciones se dirigen a readecuar el turismo para la producción, lo que se hace evidente a partir del acento puesto en el desarrollo tecnológico, con lo cual se detecta la imposición de un proyecto turístico acorde con el régimen de acumulación actual. El artículo pretende mostrar la valía que tiene en enfoque crítico de la política turística por sobre el tradicional, así como destacar la inadecuada interpretación que se ha hecho de la modernidad por modernización,  incidiendo en el tipo de políticas diseñadas para el turismo.

  1. Politica și identitatea națională ieri și azi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg Serebrian

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The author discusses how the concept of “national identity” has been defined and expressed throughout different ages, peoples and schools of thought. The relation between religious, class-based, or national identity and political ideologies is being carefully observed, starting from the medieval period into the modern age, not only in Europe, but also in the East. What happens with national identity? Is it, based on old social science schools, inherited or acquired? Here appears one of the initial distinctions between two opposing concepts of the national identity: the German understanding, originating from J. Fichte and the German romantics, according to which a nation is linked by a common origin, the common identity of the people, history and language (Volksgeist versus the Franco-American school, which originated in the French revolution, stating that a nation is built not on common history, but is rather a societal outcome, being based on politics, adherence to the values of the Republic and loyalty to the state. In the contemporary period the French concept has been predominant and was taken over by the American school of thought. One of its main ideas is that peoples, more precisely the populations, who suffered from an initial lack of traditions of state governance and from a deficit of native intellectuals, as a result of their political situation, did not succeed to consolidate into genuine nations. Furthermore, the development of national identity in the current Republic of Moldova is being thoroughly analysed. Finally, the phenomenon of self-identification of the Bessarabians is rigorously analysed, based on a scholarly and historically centred approach.

  2. METROPOLIZACION Y POLITICAS DE PLANIFICACION. UN DESAFIO PARA SANTIAGO DE CHILE

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    Paulina Schiappacasse

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El Area Metropolitana de Santiago (AMS ocupa un rol significativo en términos demográficos y de desarrollo económico en Chile. Sin embargo, el AMS esta siendo afectada por cambios estructurales típicos en la evolución de las grandes metrópolis, con las consecuentes externalidades negativas que incrementan las dificultades para enfrentar y orientar su crecimiento y para establecer instancias de colaboración entre los diferentes actores involucrados. El propósito de este trabajo, es analizar la situación del AMS, en relación a las metas estratégicas necesarias para el logro de un desarrollo metropolitano sustentable. Se pretende contribuir al debate nacional actual en torno a la revisión y cambio de las políticas de planificación, en particular, las orientadas a enfrentar los procesos dinámicos que experimentan las ciudades.

  3. La politica monetaria italiana negli anni '80 e '90: la revisione del modus operandi

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    M. SARCINELLI

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The 'Modus Operandi' of Italian monetary policy which relies on market-based control was radically changed in the '80s and '90s. However, changes still have to be initiated with relation to the banks' compulsory reserve deposits. The Bank of Italy must also be in step with European standards if it is to be an active participant of the future European System of Central Banks. On the third anniversary of Italy's withdrawal from the EMS Exchange Rate Mechanism (16 September 1992 this work reviews the structural changes that have taken place. This review is restricted to the field of monetary policy. Monetary objectives and instruments are analysed separately.  JEL Codes: E52

  4. Il livello dei prezzi e la politica monetaria (The Price Level and Monetary Policy

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    Charles P. Kindleberger

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Most central banks are required or choose to stabilize a price index, largely by manipulating short term interest rates. A serious problem is what index to choose among the national income deflator, wholesale prices, the cost of living, with or eliminating highly volatile commodities such as food and energy, to produce a core index, plus others such as housing, including or without imputed rent of owner-occupied houses, or assets, whether equities or houses. No obvious and widely agreed index exists. Even if there were a clear choice, there remains a question whether a central bank should carefully consider action to achieve other goals: full employment, adjustment of the balance of payments, of the exchange rate, prevention of bubbles in asset prices, or recovery from financial crises. If so, the question of central bank weapons remains: monetary expansion or contraction, credit controls, overall or for particular purposes, and moral suasion.  JEL Codes: E31, E52Keywords: Cost of Living, Interest Rates, Interest; Monetary Policy, Monetary, Policy, Price Level, Prices

  5. Teorema Modigliani-Miller, imperfetta informazione e meccanismo di trasmissione della politica monetaria

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    G. BERTOCCO

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available The work first aims to show that the Modigliani-Miller theorem can not constitute the theoretical foundation of traditional analysis. It then analyses the consequences of the presence of imperfect information on the characteristics of the transmission mechanism of monetary policy. It is observed that the dependence on commercial bank credit is not a sufficient condition for operating a transmission mechanism based on the control of the amount of credit that is different from the traditional mechanism. If the banking system could isolate the supply of credit through central bank decisions, the effects of monetary policy would be transmitted through interest rates, as established traditional analysis. The author shows that the characteristics of the transmission mechanism of monetary policy do not depend only on the presence of imperfect information, but also on the assumptions regarding the determination of the supply of credit.

  6. Brunner sulla politica monetaria internazionale. (Brunner on the state of international monetary policy

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    R. SOLOMON

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Questa breve nota serve come risposta alla caratterizzazione di Karl Brunner di punti di vista dell'autore del sistema di Bretton Woods . L'autore solleva anche alcune domande sulla interpretazione di Brunner degli andamenti monetari internazionali Seconda guerra post- Mondiale .This brief note serves as a response to Karl Brunner’s characterisation of the author’s views on the Bretton Woods system. The author also raises some questions about Brunner’s interpretation of post-World War II international monetary developments. JEL: E52, N10

  7. La politica monetaria e il problema delle aperture di credito. (Overdrafts and monetary policy

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    H.W. ARNDT

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the overdraft system of bank lending and its potentially harmful effects on monetary policy. From the point of view of the economy as a whole, and for the purposes of monetary policy, three features characterise a banking system which uses the overdraft, as contrasted with the fixed loan, method of lending. First, a different significance attaches to “money supply” as an indicator of liquidity. Secondly, a different significance attaches to bank advances as an indicator of the volume of bank credit and of its effects on the level of spending. Finally, and most importantly, the monetary authorities face an additional difficulty in their efforts to keep the economy on an even keel. The author examines each of these features in turn.JEL: E51, E52, G21

  8. Indicatori aggregati e settoriali della politica monetaria (Sectoral and aggregate indicators of monetary policy

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    S. MICOSSI

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The recent debate on the management of monetary policy in Italy has paced attention on the problems of the meaning and use of synthetic indicators of monetary conditions. The present work seeks to clarify the logical relationships between the real "indicators" of monetary policy and other monetary magnitudes within the framework of the usual frame of reference instruments-goals intermediate-goals. On the basis of this analysis the authors examine the characteristics and significance of some aggregate monetary indicators currently used in Italy. Particular emphasis is placed on the cognitive limits of the aggregate indicators, which offer the notable advantage of synthetic and timely information, but if "read" in isolation, can sometimes lead to error. They then propose integrating the economic analysis based on aggregate indicators with the systematic use of sectoral indicators derived from the Financial Accounts of the Bank of Italy . 

  9. Aumento della quantità di moneta e politica monetaria negli Stati Uniti.

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    K. BRUNNER

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The present paper describes the patterns of monetary growth observed in the recent past and traces the role of the monetary authorities and of other factors in the process. This discussion of actual and emerging patterns is followed by an investigation of the role of non-member banks in the money supply process and the Federal Reserve’s proposal for uniform reserve requirements to Congress. Finally, the Chairman’s letter from last year in which he justified the Federal Reserve’s past record and sought to absolve the authorities from any responsibility for the renewed surge of inflation is discussed.JEL: E40, E52, E58

  10. Inflazione mondiale e politica nazionale di stabilità monetaria. (World inflation and domestic monetary stability

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    F.A. LUTZ

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Since the end of the Second World War the world economy has, apart from brief interludes of price stability, been in the grip of continuous inflation. No country seems to have managed to escape this world inflation entirely, although a few have made the very greatest efforts to do so. The present article considers why these efforts were in vain and if there really is no defence against “imported” world inflation. The author analyses the four types of policy for avoiding inflation - restrictive monetary and fiscal policy, export of capital, periodic changes in exchange parities and flexible exchange rates. The analysis suggests that the first two are least recommendable in the face of chronic balance of payments surpluses because they do not eradicate the surplus itself and can be sustained for only a relatively short period of time. The latter two do eliminate the external surplus, however, in the face of continuous world inflation, periodic  revaluation does so only temporarily while flexible rates represent a permanent solution. The author concludes that world inflation can be checked only if there is an international monetary order which keeps reserves so scarce that no country feels able to allow inflation to proceed.JEL: E31, E42, E52, E62

  11. L'aumento dei prezzi delle attività e la politica monetaria

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    C.P. KINDLBERGER

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Asset inflation is characterised by an increase in the prices of assets while output prices are relatively stable or on a decline. In the event of asset inflation, international coordination of monetary policy is an observable trend. For instance, in 1989, when Japan was at the worst phase of the recession, the Bank of Japan lowered interest rates and the US and German discount rates also declined at the same time. However, most mainstream economists believe that monetary policy should be aimed at the stability of the general price level rather than zeroing on asset prices. The nature, importance and historical evolutionary of concern with asset inflation are discussed. JEL Codes: E52, E31 

  12. Teorema Modigliani-Miller, imperfetta informazione e meccanismo di trasmissione della politica monetaria

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    G. BERTOCCO

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The work first aims to show that the Modigliani-Miller theorem can not constitute the theoretical foundation of traditional analysis. It then analyses the consequences of the presence of imperfect information on the characteristics of the transmission mechanism of monetary policy. It is observed that the dependence on commercial bank credit is not a sufficient condition for operating a transmission mechanism based on the control of the amount of credit that is different from the traditional mechanism. If the banking system could isolate the supply of credit through central bank decisions, the effects of monetary policy would be transmitted through interest rates, as established traditional analysis. The author shows that the characteristics of the transmission mechanism of monetary policy do not depend only on the presence of imperfect information, but also on the assumptions regarding the determination of the supply of credit.  JEL Codes: E52, G14

  13. La relazione banca-impresa e la trasmissione degli impulsi della politica monetaria

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    C. CONIGLIANI

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The work analyses the bank-firm relationship in Italy, in order to verify its impact on the behaviour of banks towards customers and the effects on the transmission of monetary policy impulses. The authors single out a sub-group of borrowers whose dependence upon banks seems to be particularly close and examine banks’ behaviour towards this subgroup vis-a-vis other groups of firms. The analysis differs from previous empirical research in that a wider sample of non-financial firms is used, a stability index is employed among the explanatory variables, and the importance of customer relationships is tested with reference to the response of interest rates applied by banks during Italy’s sever episode of monetary restriction in 1992. Specifically, the work looks at the relation between the closeness of bank-firm relations and the probability of being rationed, the multiple borrowing of firms and the possibility that the recent consolidation of the banking system is bound to determine a strengthening in customer relationships.   JEL Codes: G21Keywords: Bank-firm relations, Italian credit market, interest rates

  14. Iteressi privati e politica monetaria: inflazione e dimissioni del Federal Reserve Board

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    J.B. CRIHFIELD

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The nature of and need to understand economic regulation are discussed. The paper presents further evidence on the relationship between monetary policy and the personal costs and benefits of inflation to central bankers. It is found that resignations from the Federal Reserve Board have been connected to significantly substantial deteriorations in Board salaries in relation to private sector incomes caused by above-average inflation. This is especially true of members whose job backgrounds and ages have allowed easiest access to substantial private incomes.  JEL Codes: E52

  15. Note sulla politica culturale del fascismo in Spagna (1922-1945

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    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the cultural policy developed by Italian fascism in Spain during the period between the seizure of power in Italy until the end of World War II. Through this policy the fascist regime developed his strategy of expansion and proselytism between Spanish society. Emerge, in this way, the interest of fascism for pushing Italian culture at the same level than the Great Powers. This project, however, was conditioned by the internal political development of Spain. The text analyzes the different vehicles used by Fascism: the Italian schools abroad, the Italian Institutes of Culture and programs of exchange and cultural cooperation.

  16. Ricezione ed elaborazione della retorica politica contemporanea: il caso della poesia dell'ultimo Raboni

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    Davide Podavini

    2014-05-01

    These materials prove the way Raboni unveiled this specific political language with a mocking and denunciation intent, and the way the power rhetoric became part of one of the most important poetical works of the 20th century, though in a overturning perspective of estrangement.

  17. Politicas de las ONGs Europeas para America Latina: Tendencias y Perspectives Recientes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Biekart (Kees)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractIntroducción: Durante la década pasada han tenido lugar en América latina algunos cambios que han afectado gradualmente las prioridades y las políticas de ayuda de la comunidad internacional de donantes. El impacto de la globalización, la crisis de la ortodoxia neoliberal (véase la

  18. Constitutional aspects of the economical public policies implantation; Aspectos constitucionais da implantacao de politicas publicas economicas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrade, Rogerio Emilio de [Centro de Estudos da Advocacia-Geral da Uniao, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2004-10-15

    The article describes a picture, demonstrating the process of production and distribution of indispensable goods to the life in society, which we constructed the notion of capitalism, of which comprehension of cyclic crisis is fundamental to the analysis of the constitutional aspects of implantation of economic public policies. Cyclic crisis whose analysis and consequent comprehension have been object of study of great economy thinkers trying if not to eliminate, at least alleviate their consequences.

  19. La dimensione politica del cecchino nella narrativa di Pavel Hak e Nicolai Lilin

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    Ugo Fracassa

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Thanks to the studies by Martha Nussbaum, Political Science can include emotional facts among cognitive tools. Furthermore, aesthetic turn makes possible to  integrate literature to political analysis. In other words, it is nowadays possible to state that literary representation of war can produce ethical response in readers. Nonetheless all depends on rhetoric choices. Both novels – Sniper (France 2001 and Caduta libera (Italy, 2009 - tells about a sniper experience narrated in first person. But narrative choices are different in Lilin – who describes a historical set of new wars (Chechnya – and Hak – presenting a sketchy landscape, compatible with Chechen war as well as the Balkan ones. The main difference, in facts, is the narrating voice: the main character in Caduta libera matches the author’s war experience and wants the reader to believe the story as true; Pavel Hak emphasizes, instead, the fictional level of narration. This analysis aims to demonstrate that literary choices in Hak are more conductive to an ethical response by the reader.

  20. Sociedad, Economía y Politica del México actual

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Elizondo, Mariana

    2017-01-01

    La segunda edición del eBook “Sociedad, economía y política del México actual” ofrece una oportunidad para conectarse con diferentes aspectos de México que van desde su caracterización general, hasta su forma de organización política y cultural. El objetivo principal es motivar  al lector para que sea un ciudadano comprometido con la mejora de este país.

  1. Bernard Mandeville e l’economia politica: commercio, lusso e libertà

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    Daniele Francesconi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I deal with Bernard Mandeville's views on political economy, in order to reconstruct his overall perspectives on individual moral psychology and on the topic of luxury. First, I discuss Mandeville's views on labour, wages, political management and the balance of trade against the background of contemporary paradigms of 'mercantilism' and 'free trade'. I argue that he freely moved between these categories, and I also contend that they can not be taken as a rigid orthodoxy, which would prevent a real historical recovery of their meaning. Then I turn to his discussion of luxury. I maintain that this aspect of Mandeville's thought can not be reduced to a paradoxical provocation (however brilliant, but must be reconstructed along a three-dimensional framework, because Mandeville elaborated the relative difference between needs and desires in three contexts. This framework was not explicitly stated by Mandeville, but can be recosntructed through a close reading of his writings: first, an international context, in which certain countries specialised in exporting, whereas others in consuming, luxury goods; secondly, a social context, in which the differentiation between luxuries and wants mirrors a social hierarchy; and finally an evolutionary dimension, in which the consumption of luxury goods helps spread benefits to all social ranks in the next generations. In a final section I reconsider the classic question of Mandeville's role in the growth of political economy and his alledged theory of 'possessive individualism' coupled with classical liberalism. I disagree with those reconstructions that take for granted the attendant rise of free trade, individualism and liberalism. Mandeville is a crucial case in point for showing how economic arguments were still strictly interwoven with insights in moral psychology, party politics and social criticism.

  2. La nascita della Repubblica Popolare Cinese. Alcune priorità e linee di politica estera

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    Flavia Solieri

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available When victory in the civil war (1946-49 seemed near, the Chinese Communist Party defined a first series of important directives for the future foreign policy of the People’s Republic. This paper considers such directives in the tense international context which accompanied the creation of the new state, delineating in particular the complex web of relations between Chinese Communists, the Soviet Union, the United States of America, and the United Nations. During the years of the Cold War a strongly polarised world-view prevented the identification of the specific historical and even cultural choices that the Chinese made at the time; this essay tries to reconstruct these, identifying, on the one hand, roots that lie in the past, and, on the other, their continued relevance for China’s foreign policy today. This essay is based, amongst other things, on the most recent and authoritative Chinese historical sources, archival sources on the US, and on historiography in both Western languages and in Chinese.

  3. La fan fiction e la politica. Il caso Eymerich e la critica alla Chiesa cattolica

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    Alberto Sebastiani

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes the fan fiction related to the Eymerich novels written by Valerio Evangelisti. The aim is to identify which stories resume the mode of representation of political discourse that underlies the original novels, criticizing the contemporary Catholic Church. Empirical research has identified 26 texts published in books and online. They compose the corpus. The analysis has placed them from an historical and typological point of view, in connection with the recent scientific production on fan fiction and adaptations, relating them to the original novels both chronologically and thematically. Two texts in particular seem to assume the same mode of representation of the political discourse in the novels. A linguistic and stylistic analysis has identified how they build a relationship with current events, history, news and political reality, and how they move a critical reflection about the Catholic Church. Research has provided never collected data, allowing to reflect upon fandom reception, the practices of rewriting texts and the attention to the political discourse

  4. La leadership politica in Italia alla luce della tradizione comica nazionale

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    Maria Pia Pozzato

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Political leadership in Italy in the light of the national comical traditionThis essay deals with humour and satire in politics. The issue of humour is contextualized within a wider cultural phenomenon called ‘show civilisation’ or ‘schermopolis’, i.e. the pervasiveness of screens in our everyday life. In doing so I will consider the role of new media and social networks in fostering the use of humour in political discourse. Next I will try to find a new framework for forms of popularity in politics by adapting to the current conjuncture the definitions given by Eric Landowsky at the end of the 1980s. Nowadays the politician-vedette is indeed the most popular form within the show civilisation phenomenon mentioned above. I will demonstrate that some Italian versions of this figure seem inspired by a rich Italian Comedy tradition. Finally, I will propose a number of hypotheses about the ways in which leaders obtain electoral consensus, for example through physical attractiveness, sympathy, and their ability to amuse people. In this perspective, a leader who is good for a laugh seems automatically a good leader.

  5. Il livello dei prezzi e la politica monetaria (The Price Level and Monetary Policy

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    Charles P. Kindleberger

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Most central banks are required or choose to stabilize a price index, largely by manipulating short term interest rates. A serious problem is what index to choose among the national income deflator, wholesale prices, the cost of living, with or eliminating highly volatile commodities such as food and energy, to produce a core index, plus others such as housing, including or without imputed rent of owner-occupied houses, or assets, whether equities or houses. No obvious and widely agreed index exists. Even if there were a clear choice, there remains a question whether a central bank should carefully consider action to achieve other goals: full employment, adjustment of the balance of payments, of the exchange rate, prevention of bubbles in asset prices, or recovery from financial crises. If so, the question of central bank weapons remains: monetary expansion or contraction, credit controls, overall or for particular purposes, and moral suasion.

  6. Tra letteratura, cronaca e politica: strategie contro l'oblio nelle scritture di frontiera

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    Laura Alicino

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available After the failure of the policies against drug trafficking and the consequent rise of extreme violence in the US-Mexico border, many writers have started to investigate the ethical and political responsibility of writing about citizens’ pain caused by this kind of violence. This paper discusses the strategies of writing and social practices of the border writers, both Mexican and Chicanos. In particular, I analyse the function of the detective fiction as a form of social and political complaint and the function of documental poetry. The aim of this literature is not only to present the horror produced by violence, but also to reveal what can remain to the survivors. The experimentalism of the detective fiction, for example, explains how the simple resolution of any detective case is not enough, if the risk is after all the oblivion. Through the theory of representation of pain by Susan Sontag and the concept of opacity of the subject to itself stated by Judith Butler, the aim is to demonstrate how this authors can avoid the risk of the “reification” of pain.

  7. La « sociabilidad » y la historia politica  

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    Pilar González Bernaldo de Quirós

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Que el término « sociabilidad » hizo fortuna entre los historiadores latinoamericanistas, ello no cabe duda. Hoy día es corriente encontrarlo en la literatura histórica. Constatamos en general en la diversidad temática una ambigüedad metodológica que proviene en parte de la heterogeneidad de influencias –de la sociologia, de la etnología, de la historia- y de la ausencia de reflexión sobre los alcances y límites de su utilización como categoría de análisis. Ello en parte por la arraigada  ide...

  8. Presentación del Congreso "Benedetto Croce. Etica e politica"

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    Francesc Morató i Pastor

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A tenor de lo visto durante varias décadas, ni los esfuerzos invertidos en este encuentro dedicado a Benedetto Croce en Roma los días 8 y 9 del pasado noviembre de 2013, cuya primera parte presentamos en este número 4 de la revista Zibaldone. Estudios italianos, ni los de otros muchos eventos similares en el pasado o en el futuro, bastarán para rescatar el pensamiento de Croce, y en general del idealismo italiano, de la imagen de pensamiento menor que debió su momento de gloria al solo hecho de haber contribuido, y hasta forzado, al mantenimiento de una especie de nacionalismo cultural pretencioso, además de excesivamente confiado en las propias posibilidades. Esta idea, tan enraizada, debió abrirse camino en la posguerra a la par que se multiplicaban las traducciones y, sobre todo, las ansias de contactar con lo foráneo, hasta el casi olvido de quien, quizás como no se ha hecho antes ni después, habló de igual a igual con buena parte de la comunidad intelectual universal de su tiempo.

  9. La situazione politica e culturale nella Slovenia napoleonica e Charles Nodier

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    Marija Pirjevec

    1988-12-01

    Full Text Available Nel 1813 in qualità di direttore del Télégraphe Officiel, il foglio ufficiale dell'amministrazione delle Provincie Illiriche, stampato a Lubiana, Charles Nodier cominciò a pubblicare una serie di articoli dedicati ai diversi aspetti dell'Illiria. In essi egli esprime un grande entusiasmo per la scoperta della regione slovena concludendo le sue osservazioni, secondo la moda neoclassica del tempo, con immagini tratte dalla mitologia greca.

  10. Politica economică diplomatică externă a Spaniei

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    Alexandru GRIBINCEA

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Economia spaniolă a fost lovită puternic la sfârşitul anului 2007 de criza financiară globală. În 2009 economia se afla în mod oficial în recesiune, bugetul Spaniei, care înainte de criză avea un surplus de 3 la suta faţă de PIB, s-a pomenit cu un deficit de 11,1 la sută. Spania a obţinut o creştere de 0,1 la sută în 2010 şi de 0,7 la sută - în 2011. Economia a intrat încă o dată în recesiune în 2012, cu perspectiva unei modeste prognoze de recuperare pentru 2013 şi 2014. Rata şomajului a crescut cu peste 25 la sută şi nu se aşteaptă să scadă în mod semnificativ în următorii câţiva ani. Şomajul în rândul tinerilor a ajuns la peste 50 la suta. Ca răspuns la criză, Guvernul a lansat în 2010 un program substanţial de reforme şi măsuri de austeritate care vizează corectarea dezechilibrelor din economie şi încurajarea redresării, îmbunătăţirii finanţelor publice. Miniştrii de finanţe din zona euro au (The Eurogrup au stabilit Guvernului o ţintă de deficit bugetar de 6,5 la sută din PIB pentru 2013 şi 5,8 la sută pentru 2014, care se încadrează în obiectivul dorit de 3 la sută până în anul 2016. Eurogrup a oferit, de asemenea,100 miliarde de euro credit pentru recapitalizarea sectorului bancar din Spania. Măsurile de austeritate succesive, care au devenit obiectul unor proteste populare, au ca obiectiv reducerea deficitului prin reduceri de cheltuieli în administraţia.

  11. La Corte costituzionale torna protagonista dei processi di transizione della politica ecclesiastica italiana?

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    Angelo Licastro

    2016-07-01

    ABSTRACT: The present essay analyses the impact of the 2016 Constitutional Court judgements n. 52 and n. 63 on the very “identity”of Italian Ecclesiastical Law, which is characterized by the principles of secularism, equal freedom of religious denominations and by a system of agreements aimed at regulating the specifities of the different religious groups. According to the Author, because of the inactivity of the Legislator, the Constitutional Court is compelled to play a substitute role in searching a satisfactory balance between all these elements and the very settlement of some basic trends in Ecclesiastical Law, as such a subject has to face increasingly new challenges and emerging problems in the management of the religious factor.

  12. “LA POLITICA EXTERIOR DE MEXICO HACIA CENTROAMERICA, 1906-1908”

    OpenAIRE

    Nava Ortiz, Juana

    2012-01-01

    Nuestro país y sus vecinos del sur están unidos por su vecindad geográfica y por significativos lazos de identidad cultural, étnica e histórica. Sin embargo, sus relaciones han sido complejas, y se han estudiado poco.1 De ahí el interés de realizar un estudio enfocado a la política exterior mexicana hacia los países de Centroamérica, 2 específicamente la de los últimos años del porfiriato. Cabe señalar que hay algunos académicos que realizan el corte cronológico en 1906, año...

  13. Energy policy in the European Union; La politica energetica en la Union Europea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benavides Salas, P.; Gonzalez Finat, A.

    2011-07-01

    In recent years we have witnessed how the energy contained in the first line of attention politically, socially and economically. Also their connection as solid and definitive policy to combat climate change in the process towards a low carbon economy, with the path to energy efficiency, renewable energies and technology. (Author)

  14. Giovani e democratizzazione in Egitto dopo la Primavera araba: un nuovo paradigma di partecipazione politica?

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    Silvia Colombo

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The youth have been the protagonists of the protests in Tahrir Square that have led to the fall of the Mubarak regime in February 2011. They are also going to play an important role in the future of the country, in which continuity with the past coexists with the need for change. The paper aims to assess the claims of the youth and their new forms of political participation.

  15. Destrutturare le maiuscole. Pensiero debole, Italian Theory e politica. Conversazione con Pier Aldo Rovatti

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    Pier Aldo Rovatti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The conversation focuses on the social and political role of the philosopher nowadays. Pier Aldo Rovatti discusses about the growing philosophical movement called “Italian Theory” while revisiting his own recent intellectual path. The italian philosopher retraces the cultural experience of the “pensiero debole”, whereof he has been one of the two promoters, and underlines the intellectual and political fight, against all the so-called universal truths (and ideological violences, inspired by this philosophical trend at the beginning of the Eighties. The interview ends with a discussion about the dawning perspectives of the political-philosophical action in the post-modern age.

  16. Energy policy: application, consistency, dilemmas and challenges; Politica energetica: abrangencia, consistencia, dilemas e desafios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bicalho, Ronaldo

    2007-07-01

    This article performs an overview on the aspects of the energy policy in which the impacts of the energy policy has a essentially economic dimension, since she acts on the economical activities in various ways. The article extends on the application versus consistence, dilemmas and challenges of the energy policy.

  17. Storia, precariato e criminalità. La narrativa italiana racconta la politica contemporanea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Chirumbolo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Recensione di: Claudia Boscolo e Stefano Jossa (a cura di, Scritture di resistenza. Sguardi politici dalla narrativa italiana contemporanea, Roma, Carocci Editore, 2014, 204 p. ISBN: 9788843074143, € 16,00.

  18. Desenvolvimento Policêntrico na Europa : Uma reflexao critica sobre um conceito de politicas normativas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijers, E.J.

    Durante a última década, o desenvolvimento policêntrico tornou-se um conceito-chave no desenvolvimento territorial europeu. Em muitos aspectos, é um conceito difuso que significa diferentes coisas para diferentes pessoas em diferentes escalas espaciais. Neste artigo, analisamos as variadas

  19. PRACTICAS MEDICAS, PRACTICAS POLITICAS. ROSAS Y LA «VACUNA INDIGENA»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARÍA SILVIA DI LISCIA

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available BUENOS AIRES, 1830. Se declara una epidemia de viruela entre los indios «pampas» que están en la ciudad para honrar al Restaurador de las Leyes. Los caciques no disimulan su admiración ante la valentía de Rosas, quien los visita sin alarma ante el contagio y los estimula a vacunarse para eliminar el temible mal. Un número estimado en más de cien indios acepta, entonces, inmunizarse, colocándose, según el testimonio de Parish, la «vacuna a indígenas ». Buenos Aires, 1833. Francisco X. Muñiz, médico de la campaña bonaerense, inicia las investigaciones con las que diez años después se logra el redescubrimiento del cow pox, es decir, la viruela vacuna, llamada por Sarmiento «la vacuna indígena».

  20. Avancos e desafios a Politica de Vigilancia a Saude Bucal no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Jorge Moyses

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Revisão crítica e integrativa, de caráter descritivo-discursivo, dedicada à explanação da política de vigilância à saúde bucal vigente atualmente no Brasil. Com base em uma apreciação crítica dos trabalhos nacionais e internacionais consultados sobre a temática da vigilância à saúde, examina-se a formulação de uma agenda política e científica em vigilância à saúde bucal, ancorada na institucionalidade do Sistema Único de Saúde. A efetivação da referida agenda é exemplificada com a apresentação da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde Bucal (SBBrasil 2010. Uma síntese conclusiva é apresentada, buscando a convergência teórico-metodológica entre a identificação, por um lado, dos obstáculos e fragilidades ainda detectáveis na implementação da agenda e, por outro, no reconhecimento do seu mérito, discernível em expressivos avanços e conquistas já consolidados.

  1. Il timore della guerra giusta le vie della pace nella filosofia politica di Baruch Spinoza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliviero Angeli

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper identifies and analyses two distinct views that characterize Spinoza’s position on (just war, namely Machiavellism and a sort of Kantianism ante litteram. While Machiavellism influences Spinoza’s considerations about international relations, kantian-like arguments can be found in all passages that concern foreign policy. Hence, a complete account of Spinoza’s thoughts about war and peace can be given only if each one of these dimensions is given due attention. His arguments about the unconditional rightfulness of war may indeed appear to be anything but pacifistic, but they do not preclude a sincere concern about peace. On the contrary, as I’m arguing in this paper, Spinoza’s ingenious idea of a pacific foreign policy can be understood as a reaction to the historical failure of early modern theories of just war.

  2. REFORMA Y POLITICA EDUCACIONAL EN CHILE 1990-2004: EL NEOLIBERALISMO EN CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    Donoso Díaz,Sebastián

    2005-01-01

    El artículo analiza las políticas educacionales implementadas en Chile a partir del retorno a la democracia (1990), y la forma cómo éstas se asocian a la génesis y desarrollo de la Reforma Educativa actualmente en desarrollo. El análisis revisa las principales orientaciones y programas educativos impulsados y sus resultados más relevantes, asumiendo la hipótesis que los cambios educacionales no requerían necesariamente de una reforma educativa con fuertes rasgos emergentes, y que este proceso...

  3. La insuficiencia de la "doble transicion": aproximacion critica a dos enfoques de la politica comparada.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    luis Javier Orjuela E.

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available This article develops a critical analysis of studies of democratic transition and consolidation, and neoliberalism in Latin America. In addition to evaluating the validity of these studies, the author examines the implications of ignoring structural factors in studying democracy and the state in the region. In turn, the text problematizes the reduced concept of democracy used by United States academia to analyze Latin American politics.

  4. Estrategias politicas de los curas de Charcas en un contexto de reformas conflictividad creciente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M\\u00F3nica Adri\\u00E1n

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo versa sobre la utilización política que los curas del arzobispado de La Plata hicieron de su posición al frente de una doctrina para evitar ser afectados por las medidas adversas de la administración borbónica a la vez que se aseguraban un mejor lugar en su carrera eclesiástica. Esto requiere de una mirada simultánea a la inserción de los curas en la sociedad local y en la estructura administrativa del arzobispado. Este análisis doblemente orientado nos parece central a la hora de intentar comprender por qué algunos curas fueron atacados por los aborígenes durante el contexto insurreccional de los ´80 mientras otros fueron acusados de complicidad con los mismos. A partir del seguimiento de las carreras de dos eclesiásticos, Gregorio de Merlos e Isidro de Herrera -el primero acusado de complicidad con Tomás Catari, líder indígena de la rebelión de Chayanta, el segundo asesinado por los aborígenes durante la misma- proponemos un enfoque que pretende dar cuenta del comportamiento político de curas y feligreses pero enfocado desde el espacio institucional comprendido por el arzobispado de La Plata. El telón de fondo para el análisis de estas dos carreras es un conjunto de relaciones de méritos de sacerdotes postulantes a prebendas en el cabildo eclesiástico de este arzobispado. Recortadas sobre este marco, las carreras de Merlos y Herrera conducen directamente a los procesos y contextos de los cuales fueron sólo una expresión visible.

  5. Gestão por politicas / Aplicação a sistemas de firewall

    OpenAIRE

    Caldeira, Filipe

    2002-01-01

    Nesta dissertação é feita uma abordagem à gestão de redes baseadas em políticas focando a arquitectura PBN (Policy-Based Networking) proposta no âmbito do grupo de trabalho Policy Framework do IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force). São evidenciados os principais aspectos desta arquitectura, desde os protocolos de comunicação até às linguagens de especificação de políticas, passando pelos modelos necessários à representação de informação. Relativamente às linguagens de especificação de po...

  6. Miopia politica LGBT: análisis de relaciones de conflicto, poder y agonismo

    OpenAIRE

    Devia Acevedo, Emerson David; Sánchez Ramos, Claudia Marcela

    2014-01-01

    La sociedad es un espacio donde se observan diferentes tipos de expresiones políticas y democráticas y con frecuencia se observan expresiones de conflicto que surgen de las relaciones humanas en torno a poder, toma de decisiones, participación, entre otros; son estas las acciones políticas que nos motivan a realizar esta investigación con las personas del sector poblacional LGBT (Lesbianas, Gays, Bisexuales y Trans) del Centro de Atención Integral a la Diversidad Sexual de Teusaquillo, en ...

  7. Political Dramas e drammi della politica in tempi di crisi. House of Cards e dintorni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Demaria

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available How do the imaginary and the narrative frames underlying TV political dramas influence the audience’s perception of politics, of the political field, and of the quest for power and its management? What do they tell us of the ways in which a narrative of, and on, politics involve – as spy and crime stories have done since the end of the 19th century – a meditation on the consistency and on the very endurance of “reality”, on the reality of reality? After an introduction devoted to clarifying the possible intertwining between the concepts of imaginary, TV Series and the representation of the political field, the essay focuses on the analysis of House of Cards (Netflix, 2013- in comparison to other previous political dramas, such as The West Wing (NBC, 1999-2006. Through the lenses of four of the main narrative frames that characterize narratives of politics (the quest, the soap, the beaurocracy and the conspiracy, the attempt is to demonstrate how this show presents a view of politics and the quest for power that undermines not only any positive imaginary about the state and who governs it, but also any faith in the reality of reality.

  8. Razionalismo, politica e teoria della conoscenza. Un contributo alla filosofia arabo-islamica del presente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Abed Al-Jabri

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Rationalism, Politics, and Theory of Knowledge. A Contribution to Contemporary Arab-Islamic Philosophy - The present text is a significant excerpt from the interview released in 1981 by the Moroccan philosopher Mohamed Abed Al-Jabri in the journal al-thaquafa- al-djadida [The New Culture]. The text was later revisited by Al-Jabri himself and published in 1991 with the title li'anna al-aqlaniya darura [Why rationalism is necessary] in a book on the relationship between tradition and modernity in the Arab-Islamic culture, At-turat wa-I-hadatha [Tradition and Modernity]. The interview deals with some of the central points in the contemporary debate on the social, political and cultural renewal of the Arabic world. Al-Jabri thinks that a critical perspective on Arab-Islamic culture must be developed. He maintains that in the Arab-Islamic world there is an enormous need for philosophy – discussion and rational argumentation – and for rationalism. Rationalism would contribute, among other things, to freeing politics and science from the chains of dogmatism, religion and tradition.

  9. Dall’ermeneutica del sé alla politica di noi stessi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Lorenzini

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This article tries to highlight the explicit political aim and the importance for our present of the thought of the «late» Michel Foucault. Through the analysis of the role that truth plays in the pagan and Christian techniques of the self, it opposes a truth that we have to discover in ourselves in order to refuse it (Christianity or to adhere to it (ethics of authenticity to a truth conceived as a force of transformation of logos into ethos, of the discourse into a way of life.

  10. L’esperienza intellettuale e politica del laburismo nel pensiero di Carlo Rosselli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Mioni

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Among the influences of Carlo Rosselli’s eclectic political formation, one of the most important was probably the one deriving from the intellectual and political experience of English Fabianism and Labourism. This dual influence is acknowledgeable in the political and economic thinking of Rosselli and in his peculiar vision of the political party.From the Fabian political thought, Rosselli has developed his view on the centrality of the Trade Unions in the economic and industrial organization, and on the role of tradeunionism as an opportunity of “self-management” in industry.The political strategy of the Labour Party, however, seemed to be a confirm of Rosselli’s belief that the rules of democracy and parliamentarism were the only means for the progress of socialism in the society, through the party and the trade unions, which collected the “liberal role” entrusted to the proletariat in that historical moment. In this sense, The Labour Party would have to be an example for Italians democratic socialists and Marxists, stopped in political action by their dogmatism.

  11. Intervenções de enfermagem para os diagnósticos de enfermagem mais freqüentes em dois serviços públicos de assistência à saúde da mulher Intervenciones de enfermería para los diagnósticos de enfermería más frecuentes en ginecología en centros regionales de salud Nursing interventions formulated for the most frequent nursing diagnoses in gynecology at two regional health centers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Auxiliadora de Souza Gerk

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Trata-se de uma pesquisa descritiva, analítica, retrospectiva sobre as intervenções de enfermagem para os diagnósticos de enfermagem mais freqüentes em ginecologia, entre as 165 mulheres assistidas em consultas de enfermagem em dois centros regionais de saúde de Campo Grande, MS, e sobre a construção destas intervenções a partir dos eixos A (tipo ação, B (alvo, C (meios e H (beneficiário da Classificação Internacional para a Prática de Enfermagem (CIPE® - versão beta 2. OBJETIVOS: Estabelecer as intervenções de enfermagem e os resultados esperados. MÉTODO: Foram analisados 165 protocolos de consulta de enfermagem nas quais havia sido utilizado um instrumento de levantamento de dados sistematizado. RESULTADOS: Foram identificados 60 diagnósticos de enfermagem, cuja freqüência simples variou de um a 137, dos quais selecionamos os cinco mais freqüentes para o estabelecimento das intervenções. As ações estabelecidas mais freqüentes foram ‘orientar’, ‘referir’, ‘explicar’ e ‘prover’. CONCLUSÕES: Ao estabelecermos as intervenções, verificamos a necessidade premente do trabalho multidisciplinar, uma vez que a ação ‘encaminhar’ significou o equivalente ao encaminhamento a outros serviços de saúde. Outra constatação foi a imprescindibilidade do papel de educadora da enfermeira.INTRODUCION: Se trata de una pesquisa descriptiva , analítica retrospectiva sobre las intervenciones de enfermería para los diagnósticos de enfermería más frecuentes en ginecología dentre las 165 mujeres asistidas en consultas de enfermería en dos centros regionales de salud de Campo Grande, MS, y sobre la construcción de estas intervenciones a partir de los ejes A (tipo acción, B (blanco, C (medios y H (beneficiario de la clasificación internacional para la práctica de enfermería, cuya frecuencia simple ha sido variada de uno a 137, de los cuales seleccionamos los cinco más frecuentes para el

  12. 7 CFR 319.56-23 - Apricots, nectarines, peaches, plumcot, and plums from Chile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... organization of Chile (Servicio Agricola y Ganadero, referred to in this section as SAG) or a private export...) Responsibilities of Servicio Agricola y Ganadero. SAG will ensure that: (1) Apricots, nectarines, peaches, plumcot...

  13. Alcoholic fermentation: an option for renewable energy production from agricultural residues; Fermentacion alcoholica: una opcion para la produccion de energia renovable a partir de desechos agricolas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vazquez, H. J [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana (Mexico)]. E-mail: hjv@correo.azc.uam.mx; Dacosta, O [Oficina de Consejo, Desarrollo y Transferencia Tecnologica, Dijon (Francia)]. E-mail: statfor@yahoo.com

    2007-10-15

    Biotechnology offers several options for generating renewable energy. One of these technologies consists on producing bioethanol by fermentation. Bioethanol is mainly used to prepare fuel for motor vehicles. This paper presents a proposal to produce such as fuels with a hundred liters experimental fermentation pilot unit. Results derived from essays are similar, in terms of yield and productivity, to those presented by other systems, if we take into account that our unit works under non sterile conditions, which represents significant energy savings. This technology does not require specialized knowledge for its construction and it would accessible to groups of Mexican farmers. [Spanish] La biotecnologia ofrece diversas opciones para la generacion de energias renovables. Una de ellas es la produccion de bioetanol, el cual se obtiene mediante fermentacion. El bioetanol se usa en la preparacion de carburantes para vehiculos automotores. En este articulo se presenta una propuesta para la obtencion de este combustible mediante una unidad de fermentacion piloto experimental de 100 litros. Los resultados de nuestros ensayos, en rendimiento y productividad, son similares a los de otros laboratorios si se considera que esta unidad piloto funciona en condiciones no esteriles, lo que representa como ventaja un ahorro de energia no despreciable. Ademas, la tecnologia no requiere conocimientos especializados para su realizacion y estaria al alcance de grupos campesinos mexicanos.

  14. Analysis of agricultural soils by using energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence; Analise de solos agricolas por fluorescencia de raios-X por dispersao de energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anjos, Marcelino Jose dos

    2000-03-01

    In this work, we describe an Energy Dispersive x-ray Fluorescence System with a x-ray tube excitation for trace analysis of environmental samples (soil). The system was used to analyze the contamination of metals in treated soils with doses of 10, 20 and 30 ton/ha of compound organic of urban garbage of the type Fertilurb and 10 ton/ha of aviary bed (manure of birds). Samples of roots and foliages of plant radishes cultivated in these soils were also analyzed. The soil samples were collected in five different depths of 0,5, 5-10, 10-20, 20-40 and 40-60 cm. The experimental set-up is composed by an OXFORD X-ray (30 kV, 50 {mu}A and W anode), an ORTEC Si-Li detector, with an energy resolution of about 180 eV at 5.9 keV and an ORTEC multichannel-analyser. The X-ray spectrum tube is quasi-monochromatic by using of Ti filter. Samples were prepared in pellet form with superficial density in the range of 100 mg/cm{sup 2}. The fundamental parameter method was used in order to verify the elemental concentration. It was possible to determine the concentrations of thirteen elements: K, Ca, Ti, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Br, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr and Pb in the treated soils with compounds organic. The results indicate that the values found for K, Ca, Rb, Sr, Zr and Pb are significantly above the upper confidence limits for the control soil ({alpha} = 0.05). There is a real different between these elements compared to their relationship in the control soils, ({alpha}=0,05). There is a real difference between these elements compared to their relationship in the control soils, confirming the influence of the organic compounds in the soil. (author)

  15. Procedures for processing power using agricultural waste to Brazil; Processos de transformacao em energia eletrica utilizando residuos agricolas para o Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Marcelo Jose da; Souza, Samuel Nelson Melegari de; Santos, Reginaldo Ferreira; Wolff, Paulo Sergio [Universidade do Oeste Paulista (CCET/UNIOESTE), Cascavel, PR (Brazil)], E-mail: ssouza@unioeste.br

    2009-07-01

    The suitable process for waste vegetable processing is the thermochemistry because of the low moisture promotes the convert ion process. The use of gasified gas generated by an agricultural waste can reduce the consumption of diesel by up to 80% in internal combustion engines. Cogeneration is suitable for the use of crop residues of sugar cane by the mills, generating heat, mechanical and electrical energy. The use of agricultural waste to energy end is an interesting alternative, since it does not compete with food production. Based on calculations for the processing of the cane remains in electric power it was estimated that the generation is 2301.3 million GJ/year by cogeneration. (author)

  16. Palm biodiesel: performance of a agricultural tractor in function of differents storage periods; Biodiesel de dende: desempenho de trator agricola em funcao de diferentes periodos de armazenamento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopes, Afonso; Oliveira, Melina C.J. [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (FCAV/UNESP), Jaboticabal, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Ciencias Agrarias e Veterinarias. Dept. de Engenharia Rural], email: fonso@fcav.unesp.br; Lima, Leomar P. [Instituto Federal do Triangulo Mineiro (IFTM), Uberlandia, MG (Brazil); Camara, Felipe P. [Universidade Federal do Ceara (UFC), Cariri, CE (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The use of biofuel for replacement of oil in internal combustion engines is an alternative to seek the reduction of harmful effects that the use of these fuels question to the environment. The objective of this work was to evaluate the performance of a tractor in the light of storage time of the biodiesel of palm oil. The experiment was conducted in the Laboratory of machinery and agricultural mechanization of Rural Engineering Department of UNESP, Jaboticabal, SP. In this study, -if a tractor Valtra BM 110 4x2 TDA 74 kW (100 cv) in engine 2.350 rpm. The experimental design was completely randomized, in factorial scheme 5x3, with 3 repetitions. The first factor represents 5 proportions of mixing biodiesel for diesel (B0, B5, B25, B 50 and B100, that the number indicates the percentage of biodiesel for diesel) and three storage times in condition storage environment in a rural property (0, 3 and 6 months). The mixtures were prepared hours before the test. The results showed that the storage time did not influence the performance of the tractor, occurring biodiesel specific increase in consumption from the proportion of 25% (B25) mixture of biodiesel for diesel. (author)

  17. Gypsum as a source of sulfur for strawberry cropsGesso agricola como fonte de enxofre para a cultura do morango

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available De uma maneira geral, diversos são os estudos sobre a resposta das plantas ao enxofre (S, porém poucos são específicos para a cultura do morangueiro. A exigência por nutrientes e o estado nutricional é um atributo particular de cada espécie e deve ser levada em conta na determinação da demanda nutricional. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência da aplicação de doses S e fósforo (P no desenvolvimento e produtividade do morangueiro. Foi conduzido um experimento em casa de vegetação, em vasos de 2 Kg de solo (Latossolo Bruno, em Guarapuava-PR. O experimento constituiu-se de um fatorial 6 x 2, delineado em blocos ao acaso, com três repetições, sendo seis doses de S: 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 e 50 mg kg-1, na forma de gesso agrícola e duas doses de P: 300 e 600 mg kg-1 de P2O5. Nos vasos foram transplantadas mudas de morango variedade Albion, cultivadas por 170 dias. Os frutos foram colhidos e pesados ao longo do experimento e a parte aérea ao final do experimento. A parte aérea e os frutos foram secos, pesados, moídos e analisados em relação ao teor de S, Ca e P. A produção de frutos de morango foi influenciada pelas doses de S, sendo que a maior produtividade foi alcançada na dose de 60 mg kg-1 de S com aplicação de 300 mg kg-1 de P e na aplicação de 600 mg kg-1 de P combinada com a dose de 37 mg kg-1 de S. There are several studies on plant responses to Sulfur (S, but few are specific to the strawberry crop. The requirement for nutrients and the nutritional status of plants is a particular attribute of each species that should be taken into account when determining the plant’s nutritional demand. The objective of this study was to evaluate the application of S and phosphate (P rates in the development and productivity of strawberry crops. An experiment was conducted in a greenhouse in pots containing 2 kg soil (Oxisol in Guarapuava city of Paraná State. The experiment consisted of a 6 × 2 factorial outlined in a randomized block design with three replications, with six doses of S: 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 mg kg-1 in the form of gypsum, and two doses of P: 300 and 600 mg kg-1 of P2O5. The Albion variety of strawberry plants was transplanted to pots and grown for 170 days. The fruits were harvested and weighed throughout the experiment; a similar procedure was followed for the shoots at the end of the experiment. The shoots and fruits were dried, weighed, ground, and analyzed for the content of S, Ca, and P. The production of strawberry fruits was influenced by S rates, with the highest productivity obtained by using S rates of 60 and 37 mg kg-1 with the application of 300 and 600 mg kg-1 of P, respectively.

  18. Avaliação emergetica de projetos agricolas e agro-industriais no Alto Rio Pardo : a busca do desenvolvimento sustentavel

    OpenAIRE

    Mario Vito Comar

    1998-01-01

    Resumo: Para alcançar os objetivos propostos nesta pesquisa foi utilizada a metodologia emergética como proposta por Howard T. Odum (1996), por ela contabilizar fluxos de recursos naturais e inputs humanos numa medida indexadora única que permite comparar a dinâmica destes fluxos dentro da unidade estudada, entre a unidade e sua região e entre regiões. Por meio de diferentes índices emergéticos quantificam-se as relações entre recursos renováveis e não-renováveis que fundamentam a questão da ...

  19. Um framework para a avaliação de interfaces de aplicações SIG Web no dominio agricola

    OpenAIRE

    Juliano Schimiguel

    2006-01-01

    Resumo: Sistemas de Informação Geográfica (SIG) são categorias de software que permitem a manipulação, gerenciamento e visualização de dados geo referenciados. O termo georeferenciado denota associação a um sistema de coordenadas geográficas. Existem inúmeras categorias de aplicações SIG. em diferentes escalas e domínios, abrangendo desde temas urbanos até ambientais. Aplicações de Sistemas de Informação Geográfica na Web, neste trabalho denominadas "aplicações SIG Web", são sistemas onde a '...

  20. Anatomie van een taal : Rodolphus Agricola en Antonius Liber aan de wieg van het humanistische Latijn in de Lage Landen (1469-1485)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Laan, Arend Hendrik

    1998-01-01

    The Netherlands did not exist in the fifteenth century. The area that is now known under that name was to a large extent controlled by the Burgundian dukes, but most parts of the area (like Holland, Zeeland, Brabant, Flanders) had acquired a substantial degree of autonomy. The bonds that held them

  1. Piscicultura. Productor Comercial de Peces. Guia Tecnica. Documento de trabajo, Programa de Educacion Agricola (Fish Farming. Commercial Fish Producer. Technical Guide. Curriculum Document, Agriculture Education Program).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puerto Rico State Dept. of Education, Hato Rey. Area for Vocational and Technical Education.

    This curriculum guide begins with an introduction, course description, and description of the occupation of commercial fish farmer. A course outline covers five units: starting a business, establishing the fish farm, managing the enterprise, harvesting the fish, and administering the business. For each unit, the following are provided: terminal…

  2. Agricultural handling and natural radionuclide contents on vegetables cultivated at Rio de Janeiro; Manejo agricola e teores de radionuclideos naturais em vegetais cultivados no Rio de Janeiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ribeiro, Fernando Carlos Araujo

    2004-07-01

    The food consumption is an important way of internal exposition of human beings to ionizing radiation. The chemical fertilizers, mainly the phosphate, may contain uranium and thorium and their decay radioactive products in significant levels. This way, the amount of natural radionuclides in vegetables can increase as well as the dose due to food consumption to consumers. This research aims to investigate the level of radionuclides in vegetables which were grown under different tillages and to obtain information about radionuclides concentrations in Brazilian fertilizers as well as it aims to get data of transfer factors for vegetables cultivated in Brazil. In the phosphate fertilizer samples, the concentrations of {sup 226}Ra varied from 35 to 430 Bq.kg{sup -1}, whereas the {sup 228}Ra concentrations ranged from 32 to 176 Bq.kg{sup -1}. Among the phosphate fertilizers, the highest radium concentrations were found in the super phosphate one. The values of radium concentrations in organic fertilizers varied from 14 to 51 Bq.kg{sup -1} for {sup 226}Ra and from 34 to 142 Bq.kg{sup -1} for {sup 228}Ra. Among these fertilizers the highest concentrations were found in bovine manure Significant statistical differences were not observed between the concentration of {sup 226}Ra and {sup 228}Ra in the vegetables cultivated in conventional tillage and the ones cultivated in organic tillage. The same was observed for the soil-to-plant transfer factors, whose values were 2.56 E-02 for {sup 226}Ra and 3.56 E-02 for {sup 228}Ra for the bean crop, 3.74 E-02 for {sup 226}Ra and 4.74 E-02 for {sup 228}Ra to lettuce crop. For carrot, the {sup 226}Ra transfer factor value for the two tillages was 5.79 E-02, while the value for {sup 228}Ra in the organic tillage (1.14 E-01) was higher than the value observed in the conventional tillages (3.94 E-02). For the culture of the bean, the values of concentration found in the samples of the subsistence handling had been inferior to the values found in the conventional and organic tillage, demonstrating that as much the organic fertilizer as the phosphate one had been responsible for the increase of the cultivated beans concentrations in those cultures. This increase was estimated in 1 Bq.kg{sub dry}{sup -1} of {sup 226}Ra and 2 Bq.kg{sub dry}{sup -1} of {sup 228}Ra, what implies in an increment of dose of 9.5 {mu}Sv.a{sup -1}. The collected samples of lettuce in the hydroponic tillage presented low concentrations of {sup 226}Ra and {sup 228}Ra, reflecting the low contents found in the nutritional solutions. (author)

  3. A discussion about the agricultural expansion and production of biofuels; Uma discussao sobre a expansao da fronteira agricola e a producao de biocombustiveis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Firmino, Rafaelle Gomes; Fonseca, Marcia Batista da [Universidade Federal da Paraiba (UFPB), Joao Pessoa, PB (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This work is a survey about the environmental impacts caused by the increasing expansion of productive activity and in particular agriculture, before any alarm world in search of renewable energy. The purpose of this study is to discuss the sources of resources that are considered clean energy, the constant demand for biofuels in international trade and the effect on the environment created by the increasing expansion of agriculture. The research is descriptive and qualitative data are analyzed. Clearly that is to expand cultivation of sugar cane, maize, castor bean, sunflower, soybean, peanut and others for the use of renewable fuels are often forgotten their devastating effects on soil wear and the down of forests that attack the entire ecosystem, and even the replacement of biofuel production by the agricultural production of food. (author)

  4. Participation of the fossil energy in cotton agro-ecosystem in family agricultural explorations; Participacao da energia fossil no agroecossistema algodao em exploracoes agricolas familiares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bueno, Osmar de Carvalho; Cabrera Romero, Maria Gloria [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Ciencias Agronomicas

    2006-07-01

    With the objective of presenting the participation of the several energy sources employees in the cotton agro-ecosystem, this work is constituted in a contribution regarding the subject of the sustain grow.As the focal point of this research, family exploitation is analyzed, with the use of the categorization done by the National Program for Strengthening Family Agriculture - ('Programa Nacional de Fortalecimento da Agricultura Familiar - PRONAF). Use was made of primary and secondary data from three family exploitations in the municipality of Leme/SP, Brazil. To construct the energy expenditure structure of the cotton agro-ecosystem, the mean values obtained were considered, since these agriculturalists present the same technical itinerary and are within the typification proposed in this study. The results were presented by the energy expenditure structure by type, source, form of energy. Considering the cotton agro-ecosystem from the technical itinerary presented, the input energy equal to 51.961,63 MJ . ha{sup -1} was observed, with a participation of 34,21% and 65,79% of the direct and indirect energy respectively. The studied agro ecosystem fundamentally depended on the industrial source of energy, particularly insecticides (39,71%) and chemical fertilizers (19,88%) and fossil sources (33,80%). It was verified like this that the dependence of the industrial energy and of the fossil energy in the cotton agro ecosystem. In that way, we suggest himself the search of the use of another types of energy that they allow the energy sustainability of this agro-ecosystems in family agricultural systems. (author)

  5. Characterization and comparison of a agricultural and forestry residues for energy purpose; Caracterizacao e comparacao de residuos agricolas e florestais para a producao de energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Jofran Luiz de; Silva, Jadir Nogueira da; Pereira, Emanuele Graciosa; Machado, Cassio Silva; Bezerra, Maria da Conceicao Trindade [Universidade Federal de Vicosa (UFV), MG (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Agricola], Emails: jofranluiz@yahoo.com.br, jadir@ufv.br

    2010-07-01

    The large volume of waste generated by the industry of wood processing and agriculture is a problem existing in almost all regions of Brazil. Several environmental problems occur as contamination of soil and groundwater due to the accumulation and improper disposal of residues from forestry and agriculture industries. Brazil has agricultural and economic conditions to develop and take advantage of technologies to use wood and other biomass for energy purposes, for being privileged in terms of territorial extension, sunlight and water, essential factors for biomass production on a large scale. The wood chips and coffee husks are low cost residues, renewable and sometimes under utilized, they are environmentally friendly and potentially capable of generating heat, steam and electric power, thus they can contribute as an alternative fuel for generation of energy. In this context, this study aims to characterize and compare residues from the production of coffee and furniture industry. The biomasses were characterized and analyzed for density, heating value, proximate analysis (volatiles, ash and fixed carbon) and elemental composition. Results indicates large energy potential for coffee husks, with HHV equals to 18,6 MJ/Kg slightly higher than the HHV of the eucalyptus chip (17,3 MJ/Kg). (author)

  6. Agricultural nonpoint source pollution: prevention and estimate methods; L'inquinamento di origine agricola: quali strumenti di prevenzione e stima?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caffarelli, V.; Rapagnani, M.R.; Triolo, L. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Innovazione

    1999-07-01

    Non point source pollutants, such as pesticides and fertilizers derived from agricultural activities, are recognized as an important threat to environment and human health. To prevent the adverse effects of these agrochemicals it is necessary to provide growers and decision makers with easy-to-use information. Attempts have been made to put information on pesticides environmental and health effects into a formula that could summarize, in a single number, these effects. However a single number could be misleading because of the lack of information on chemical-physical parameters and the difficulty to evaluate the relative importance of various environmental and health effects. As an alternative it is here proposed an approach based on schedule containing information, for each pesticides, such as short and long term effects on human health, environmental fate and degradation time, capacity to bio accumulate, toxicity of degradation products. Using information in the schedule, decision makers could make more circumstantiate choices and could program the best agricultural actions under particular environmental circumstances with less impact on man and environment. [Italian] L'inquinamento diffuso derivante dall'uso dei fertilizzanti e dei pesticidi in agricoltura, rappresenta un rischio rilevante per l'ambiente e la salute umana. Al fine di prevenire tale rischio e' necessario fornire a coloro che gestiscono e pianificano le attivita' agricole informazioni facilmente comprensibili, mirate a ridurre o eliminare gli effetti indesiderati derivanti dai prodotti agrochimici. Tentativi sono stati fatti per sviluppare metodologie che sintetizzino queste informazioni in un indice numerico in modo da stilare una graduatoria di pericolosita' dei singoli prodotti. Si propone, in questo lavoro, un approccio basato sulla elaborazione di schede, per ogni principio attivo, che contengono una serie di informazioni quali gli effetti a breve e lungo termine sulla salute dell'uomo, il comportamento della sostanza nei differenti comparti ambientali (aria, acqua, suolo, biota) i tempi di persistenza, la capacita' di bioaccumularsi lungo le catene alimentari o all'interno dell'organismo degli animali, la tossicita' dei prodotti di degradazione. Le informazioni riportate nelle schede possono essere un valido supporto per tutti gli operatori del settore (addetti ai trattamenti, pianificatori, addetti alla tutela della salute, ecc.) al fine di poter scegliere quelle pratiche agricole che, nelle diverse situazioni ambientali, appaiono meno pericolose.

  7. Servicios Publicos/Negocios Agricolas. Libro del Profesor (Public Services/Agribusiness. Teacher's Guide). B4. CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mid-Hudson Migrant Education Center, New Paltz, NY.

    Written in Spanish, this guide comprises the third grade unit of a career education curriculum developed for migrant students. The guide covers 11 jobs in the public services and agribusiness fields--nursing aide, sanitation worker, mail carrier, librarian, fire fighter, police officer, gardener, farmer, logger, miner, and forest ranger. Student…

  8. Agricultural biodiversity in Spain: a proposal for conservation and long-term use; La biodiversidad agricola en Espana: una propuesta de conservacion y utilizacion a largo plazo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosa, L. de la; Fajardo, J.; Latorre, F.

    2011-07-01

    Spain for their eco-geographical features, historical and socioeconomic, is the richest country in agrobiodiversity in Europe, so the conservation of genetic resources to be considered as a matter of national interest. (Author)

  9. Evaluation of Agricultural Use of Vicia sativa L. in Mercury Contaminated Soils; Evaluacion del Uso Agricola de Vicia sativa L. en Suelos Contaminados con Mercurio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andres, A.; Millan, R.; Esteban, E.

    2010-03-08

    This study is framed in the project Recuperation de suelos contaminados por mercurio: recomendaciones de uso de suelos y plantas en la comarca minera de Almaden (REUSA), funded by Spanish Ministry of Education and Science. Moreover, this article is the result of the work carried out by Andres Andres for his Bachelors dissertation. Soils from the Almaden mining district are contaminated with high mercury concentrations, due to the extraction activities of that metal through the years. After the end of mining exploitation, which was the main source of wealth in the region, alternative uses of soils are needed in order to promote the socio-economic development of the studied area. The project here intends to evaluate the viability of the common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) crop in a substrate under similar conditions to the ones observed in the Almaden soils, by studying the mercury absorption capacity of the above mentioned species. (Author) 20 refs.

  10. O fortunatos nimium, sua si bona norint, agricolas ! ou le journal d’un gentilhomme campagnard au début du XVIIIe siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Ruggiu, François-Joseph

    2000-01-01

    International audience; Le journal de François Joseph Le Clerc, seigneur de Bussy, couvre vingt ans – de 1708 à 1728 - de la vie d'un noble campagnard qui vivait près de la petite ville de Poix en Picardie. Il est conforme aux grandes caractéristiques des diaires telles que les a définies Madeleine Foisil ; cet article présente cette source exceptionnelle et son auteur, auquel je dois avouer qu’il est difficile de ne pas s’attacher ; puis le milieu dont il est issu ; et s'intéresse enfin à la...

  11. Porous ceramics achievement by soybean and corn agricultural waste insertion; Obtencao de ceramicas porosas pela insercao de residuos agricolas de soja e milho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valdameri, C.Z.; Ank, A., E-mail: cledison@unipar.br [Universidade Paranaense (UNIPAR), Francisco Beltrao, PR (Brazil). Departamento de Engenharia Civil; Zatta, L. [Universidade Tecnologica Federal do Parana (UTFPR), Pato Branco, PR (Brazil). Departamento de Quimica; Anaissi, F.J. [Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste (UNICENTRO), Guarapuava, PR (Brazil). Departamento de Quimica

    2014-07-01

    Porous ceramic materials are produced by incorporating organic particles and stable foams. Generally it improves low thermal conductivity, which gives thermal comfort for buildings. The southwest region of Parana state is one of the largest producers of grains in Brazil, this causes the disposal of a large amount of waste in the agricultural processing. This paper presents the characterization of porous ceramics produced from clay minerals and agricultural waste (soybeans and corn). The precursor was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) techniques. For the ceramic materials produced, characterizations about density, water absorption, tensile strength by diametrical compression strength and flexural strength curves was performed. The results showed high possibility of industrial/commercial application because the ceramic materials were produced from low costs precursors leading to ceramic products with properties of interest in construction. (author)

  12. Effect of the salinity in the adsorption of a herbicide in agricultural soils; Efecto de la salinidad en la adsorcion de un herbicida en suelos agricolas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez M, L. C. [Universidad de Occidente, Unidad Guasave, Departamento de Ingenieria y Tecnologia, Av. Universidad s/n, Centro, 81000 Guasave, Sinaloa (Mexico); Hansen, A. M., E-mail: ahansen@tlaloc.imta.mx [Instituto Mexicano de Tecnologia del Agua, Coordinacion de Hidrologia, Subcoordinacion de Hidrologia Subterranea, Paseo Cuauhnahuac 8532, Col. Progreso, 62550 Jiutepec, Morelos (Mexico)

    2014-10-01

    To understand the effect of salinity in the adsorption of the herbicide atrazine in two soils from a Mexican agricultural area, the influence of sodium and calcium chloride concentrations were determined. Adsorption experiments were performed with soil samples from Irrigation District 063 (Dr 063), Guasave, Sinaloa, Mexico, suspended in 10 mm CaCl{sub 2}, in the presence of several concentrations of different electrolytes and atrazine (0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5 and 1.0 mg/L) with radioactive tracer (347.4 Bq U-ring-{sup 14}C, Sigma Chemical Company, St. Louis, Mo, USA). It was found that for all the electrolytes,the time required to reach equilibrium adsorption of atrazine was less than 24 h and the adsorption isotherms were adjusted to Freundlich model. The presence of sodium in the aqueous solution favored the adsorption and inhibited desorption of atrazine in soils. Increasing the concentrations of sodium and calcium to about 40 nm and 60 mm, respectively, did not significantly affect (P <0.05), the adsorption of atrazine. However, there were differences in desorption of the herbicide with the increase of salts concentrations. The results of this study indicate that increased salinity, mainly caused by increased sodium concentrations in the soil-water system, has important effects on the fate of atrazine, due to salinization of soils favors the adsorption of atrazine, and inhibits its desorption. It is important to consider these properties when application options are analyzed as well as in the management and remediation of soils contaminated with atrazine. (Author)

  13. Vigilando la Calidad del Agua de los Grandes Rios de la Nacion: El Programa NASQAN del Rio Grande (Rio Bravo del Norte)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lurry, Dee L.; Reutter, David C.; Wells, Frank C.; Rivera, M.C.; Munoz, A.

    1998-01-01

    La Oficina del Estudio Geologico de los Estados Unidos (U.S. Geological Survey, 0 USGS) ha monitoreado la calidad del agua de la cuenca del Rio Grande (Rio Bravo del Norte) desde 1995 como parte de la rediseiiada Red Nacional para Contabilizar la Calidad del Agua de los Rios (National Stream Quality Accounting Network, o NASOAN) (Hooper and others, 1997). EI programa NASOAN fue diseiiado para caracterizar las concentraciones y el transporte de sedimento y constituyentes quimicos seleccionados, encontrados en los grandes rios de los Estados Unidos - incluyendo el Misisipi, el Colorado y el Columbia, ademas del Rio Grande. En estas cuatro cuencas, el USGS opera actualmente (1998) una red de 40 puntos de muestreo pertenecientes a NASOAN, con un enfasis en cuantificar el flujo en masa (la cantidad de material que pasa por la estacion, expresado en toneladas por dial para cada constituyente. Aplicacando un enfoque consistente, basado en la cuantificacion de flujos en la cuenca del Rio Grande, el programa NASOAN esta generando la informacion necesaria para identificar fuentes regionales de diversos contaminantes, incluyendo sustancias qui micas agricolas y trazas elementos en la cuenca. EI efecto de las grandes reservas en el Rio Grande se puede observar segun los flujos de constituyentes discurren a 10 largo del rio. EI analisis de los flujos de constituyentes a escala de la cuenca proveera los medios para evaluar la influencia de la actividad humana sobre las condiciones de calidad del agua del Rio Grande.

  14. Museo reale e museo digitale: il caso del Museo Archeologico Regionale “A. Salinas” un anno dopo la riapertura / Real and digital museum: the case of the Museo Archeologico Regionale “A. Salinas” one year after its reopening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serena D'Orazio

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available La riapertura del Museo Salinas, rimasto per anni inaccessibile a causa di un lungo restauro architettonico, ha rappresentato per la comunità e per l'istituzione stessa un momento di importante condivisione sociale. Accanto ai risultati raggiunti a museo "chiuso" in seguito all'adozione di una strategia di comunicazione capace di integrare l'attività sui canali social, l'adesione a campagne bottom-up per la valorizzazione digitale del patrimonio e la promozione di un ricco calendario di mostre ed eventi all’interno ed all’esterno dalla sede museale si affiancano ora grandi aspettative nei confronti di questa nuova realtà in cui i due sistemi - museo reale e museo digitale - hanno l'opportunità di interagire e comunicare. Questo contributo intende quindi analizzare, nell'ottica del miglioramento continuo, i risultati raggiunti dal museo a distanza di un anno dalla propria riapertura indagando sulle strategie adottate, sulla qualità dei servizi offerti e sulle opportunità ancora da sfruttare, dedicando particolare attenzione al tema dell'uso delle tecnologie digitali per la fruizione e la valorizzazione del patrimonio conservato. The reopening of the Museo Salinas, closed off for years due to a long architectural restoration, has represented a crucial moment of social sharing for both the community and the institution. Together with the results achieved as "closed" museum, thanks to the planning of a communication strategy aimed at introducing social channel activities, the adoption of a bottom-up campaign for cultural heritage digital evaluation and the promotion of a rich schedule of exhibitions and meetings outside of the museum, high expectations are present now for this new reality: two systems - the real museum and the digital museum - have the opportunity to interact and to communicate. The purpose of this paperwork is to analyze, for a continuous improvement, the achievements of the museum one year later the reopening by examining the strategies adopted, the quality of the services offered and the opportunities not yet used, with particular attention in the application of digital technologies for use and promotion of the preserved heritage.

  15. Verkeersveiligheid in regionale netwerkanalyses : verkenning van een kwantitatieve analyse in Zuid-Limburg en Stadsregio Arnhem Nijmegen.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schermers, G. Drolenga, J. & Tromp, H.L.

    2008-01-01

    The policy as recorded in the Dutch Mobility Policy Document was the reason that during the last few years regional network analyses were carried out in eleven urban areas. These network analyses are intended to make an inventory of regional accessibility and to make an estimate of the effects that

  16. Dossier Nº 16 LA REVOLUCIÓN LIBERTADORA EN ESPACIOS REGIONALES: ACTORES, PRÁCTICAS Y DISCURSOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Aníbal Castillo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available La Revolución Libertadora supone un fenómeno que no había recibido hasta recientemente mucha atención por parte de la historiografía. Como contrapunto, durante los últimos años ha sido ostensible el incremento de la producción sobre este tópico. Dentro de los aportes más relevantes en el marco de la nueva ola de trabajos sobre la Revolución Libertadora se evidencian ciertas líneas de prolongación, sobre todo en lo que concierne a los objetos estudio (como los partidos políticos, la iglesia, el ámbito laboral y la resistencia peronista, con respecto a las investigaciones llevadas a cabo durante las últimas décadas del siglo pasado. No obstante, más allá de las continuidades, es manifiesto el hecho de que las nuevas indagaciones sobre la Revolución Libertadora traen consigo múltiples innovaciones en muy diversos sentidos. En lo que concierne a los aspectos metodológicos, se destaca la atención puesta en la dimensión regional, que redefinen interpretaciones sobre las correlaciones entre los polos del centro y la periferia.

  17. Die Eingliederungshilfe für behinderte Menschen – Wie lassen sich regionale Ausgabenunterschiede erklären?

    OpenAIRE

    Kruse, Franziska; Rösel, Felix

    2015-01-01

    Die Ausgaben für die Eingliederungshilfe für behinderte Menschen nach SGB XII variieren im regionalen Vergleich in Deutschland deutlich. In diesem Beitrag werden mit unterschiedlichen Verwaltungsstrukturen und der lokalen Wirtschaftskraft zwei mögliche Faktoren näher beleuchtet, die diese Unterschiede erklären könnten. Hierbei zeigt sich insbesondere eine Korrelation von Wirtschaftskraft und den Ausgaben je Leistungsempfänger. Dieser Zusammenhang lässt sich als ökonomische Partizipation am lo...

  18. Diferencias regionales en la conducta tecnológica de las empresas manufactureras mexicanas: el caso de Guanajuato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Estrada

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se detalla la conducta tecnológica de las empresas manufactureras en México con énfasis en el trabajo empírico descriptivo contenido en los datos oficiales, así como en la investigación académica en el campo de la economía de la innovación y del cambio técnico. Se muestra que las empresas manufactureras mexicanas tienen un bajo dinamismo tecnológico, con escasas actividades tecnológicas propias cuyas principales vertientes son la expansión de la producción y la mejora incremental de los procesos productivos. Estas actividades descansan en la acumulación de know how interno, en particular de los ingenieros, y tienen muy pocas relaciones con otros agentes de mercado o institucionales. Regionalmente también existen muchas disparidades, como ejemplifica el caso del estado de Guanajuato. En este trabajo se presentan los resultados de una encuesta de innovación en las empresas manufactureras localizadas en dicha entidad.

  19. Myocardial MR tagging. Analysis of regional and global myocardial function; Kardiales MR-Tagging. Analyse regionaler und globaler Myokardfunktion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kramer, U.; Fenchel, M. [Universitaet Tuebingen, Abt. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Radiologische Klinik, Tuebingen (Germany); Hennemuth, A. [Fraunhofer MEVIS, Bremen (Germany)

    2010-06-15

    Myocardial MR tagging is a powerful method which allows for assessment of myocardial function and may become an important tool for clinical evaluation of cardiac dysfunction, particularly in ischemic heart disease. In addition to visual assessment it allows direct quantification of myocardial deformation and strain to measure contractility. The use of myocardial tagging has provided new insights into the (patho)physiology of regional wall motion, and several parameters have been described as being useful to identify an ischemic response of the myocardium. One challenge encountered with tagging at 1.5 T is the fading of tags at end-diastole, greatly limiting the evaluation of myocardial function during diastole. Due to longer T{sub 1} relaxation times of the myocardium, tagging at 3 T has shown to have a higher CNR{sub Tag} and better tag persistence when compared to current clinical gradient-echo tagging protocols at 1.5 T. As a consequence, tagging at higher field strengths may be well suited for the characterization of the diastolic portion of the cardiac cycle in future applications. (orig.) [German] Das myokardiale Tagging mittels der kardialen Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT) stellt ein spezielles Verfahren dar, das eine quantitative Analyse der regionalen Myokardfunktion erlaubt. Mit der Analyse der regionalen Wandbewegung koennen pathologische Bewegungsablaeufe fruehzeitig erkannt und kardiale Dysfunktionen differenziert werden. Neben der visuellen Analyse ist es in erster Linie die quantitative Bestimmung der aus der Echokardiographie bekannten Funktionsparameter, die den Vorteil des Taggings bei der Charakterisierung der myokardialen Funktion ausmachen. Die quantitative Erfassung des Rotations- und Kontraktionsverhaltens mit dem myokardialen Tagging eroeffnet bei verschiedenen Erkrankungen des Herzens neue Einblicke in die Pathophysiologie. Eine intrinsische Limitation dieses Verfahrens besteht in dem insbesondere in der diastolischen Phase des Herzzyklus nachweisbaren Verblassen bzw. Verschwinden der Taglinien (''fading''), die bei einer Feldstaerke von 1,5 Tesla haeufig auftritt und quantitative Analysen beeintraechtigen kann. Infolge einer generellen Verlaengerung der T{sub 1}-Relaxationszeiten des Gewebes bei hoeherer Feldstaerke hat sich das myokardiale Tagging bei 3 Tesla als vorteilhaft erwiesen. Durch eine zuverlaessige Detektion der Tagginglinien ueber den gesamten Herzzyklus koennten sich in Zukunft auch diastolische Relaxationsstoerungen quantifizieren lassen. (orig.)

  20. Regionale fachärztliche Versorgung und demographischer Wandel in Deutschland - Szenarien zur dermatologischen Versorgung im Jahr 2035.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kis, Anne; Augustin, Matthias; Augustin, Jobst

    2017-12-01

    Mithilfe der Bedarfsplanungsrichtlinie des Gemeinsamen Bundesausschusses soll die medizinische Versorgung in Deutschland flächendeckend sichergestellt werden. Kalkulatorische Größe zur Abbildung der räumlichen Versorgungssituation ist der "korrigierte Versorgungsgrad". Vor dem Hintergrund des demographischen Wandels und bereits heute existenter Wiederbesetzungsschwierigkeiten steht die Frage, wie sich die dermatologische Versorgung kleinräumig entwickeln wird. Mit bundesweiten Daten zu Hautarztstandorten sowie aktuellen und prognostizierten Bevölkerungszahlen auf Kreisebene wurde auf Basis der aktuellen Bedarfsplanungsrichtlinie der korrigierte Versorgungsgrad in drei Wiederbesetzungsszenarien (Szenario 1: 100%ige Wiederbesetzung, Szenario 2: Wegfall eines Arztsitzes je Planungsbereich, Szenario 3: Wegfall von zwei Arztsitzen in ländlichen Planungsbereichen) für das Prognosejahr 2035 exemplarisch berechnet. Während sich in Szenario 1 die Versorgungssituation von 2014 auf 2035 in einigen Teilräumen sogar verbessern würde (n = 3 nicht mehr unterversorgt), zeigen die wahrscheinlicheren Szenarien 2 und 3 mit dem Wegfall einzelner Arztstandorte und dem altersselektiven Wanderungsverhalten, dass ganze Regionen in die Unterversorgung gelangen könnten. Es ist davon auszugehen, dass die räumliche Heterogenität der dermatologischen Versorgung unter Berücksichtigung des demographischen Wandels zunehmen wird. Weitere Anstrengungen in der Bedarfsplanung, aber auch hinsichtlich kreativer Versorgungsmodelle und interkommunaler Kooperation sind erforderlich, um die Versorgung dem demographischen Wandel sowie veränderten Lebensentwürfen junger Mediziner anzupassen. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. LA INCIDENCIA DE LOS ENTORNOS REGIONALES SOBRE LAS RESTRICCIONES FINANCIERAS EN PEQUEÑAS Y MEDIANAS EMPRESAS

    OpenAIRE

    Mariluz Maté Sánchez-Val; María Camino Ramón Llorens

    2016-01-01

    El principal objetivo de este artículo es estudiar la heterogeneidad regional en las restricciones financieras sufridas por la pequeña y mediana empresas (pyme). Para ello, se desarrolló una aplicación empírica con una muestra de pyme españolas, proponiendo un modelo de acceso financiero y diferenciando entre dos regiones. Las estimaciones se realizan mediante modelos probit dinámicos con datos de panel. Los resultados confirman la importancia de incluir esa diferenciación regional. En concre...

  2. Determinantes de la capacidad de innovación en PYMES regionales Determinants of innovativeness in regional SMES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Maria Fernández-Jardón

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.5902/198346597689La capacidad de innovación es una competencia distintiva que permite innovar y, en consecuencia, potencia la competitividad, especialmente en las pequeñas y medianas empresas (PYME. Dicha capacidad se ve condicionada por factores internos y externos. Este artículo analiza como combina la empresa dichos factores para mejorar la capacidad de innovación. Por un lado, la empresa genera una competencia distintiva denominada gestión de los recursos humanos y tecnológicos a partir del capital intelectual interno. Por otro lado, organiza otra competencia distintiva denominada gestión de los recursos y relaciones territoriales a partir de los recursos tangibles asociados al territorio y del capital intelectual fruto de las relaciones con el entorno. Mediante técnicas de Mínimos cuadrados parciales aplicados  en una muestra de pequeñas y medianas empresas en una región del noroeste de España se demuestra que ambos factores influyen en la capacidad de innovación. Este estudio contribuye a delimitar cuales son los factores que potencian la capacidad de innovación y como la empresa asocia esos factores, indicando cual es el proceso de construcción de competencias básicas para mejorar su capacidad de innovación. Como consecuencia, sugiere elementos de reflexión para elaborar políticas de apoyo a la innovación empresarial.The innovativeness is a core competence to innovate and therefore enhancing competitiveness, especially in small and medium enterprises (SMEs. This capability is constrained by internal and external factors. This article discusses how the company combines these factors to improve innovativeness. First, the company generates a core competence called human resource management and technology from internal intellectual capital. Furthermore, the company organizes another core competence called resource management and territorial relations from tangible resources associated with intellectual capital territory and fruit of the relationship with the environment. Using partial least squares techniques applied to a sample of small and medium enterprises in a region in northwest Spain is shown that both factors influence innovativeness. This study helps to define what the factors that enhance innovativeness are and how those factors associated company, indicating the process of building core competencies to improve their innovativeness. Consequently, for thought suggests to develop policies to support business innovation.

  3. Decoupling of economic structures and transport. Example regional business development; Entkopplung von Wirtschaftswachstum und Verkehr. Beispiel Regionale Wirtschaftsfoerderung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petschow, Ulrich; Buchholz, Frank; Schaegner, Jan-Philipp; Sprenger, Rolf Ulrich [Institut fuer Oekologische Wirtschaftsforschung (IOEW) gGmbH, Berlin (Germany)

    2008-10-15

    The research project under consideration reports on three themes: (a) Contribution to more transparency in the discussion about the interactions between economic growth and transport development; (b) Development of approaches and design principles as a part of laws, regulations and frameworks for the decoupling of the two parameters; (c) Preparation of proposals for their political and administrative implementation. Selected instruments of regional development and economic development at the European, national and regional level were the main subject of research. The research focused on the strategic guidelines of the European Union. Furthermore, the research deals with the implementation of operational programs as instruments of the European Structural Funds and examines the development of the joint task 'Improvement of the regional economic structure'.

  4. Global and regional ramifications of climate change. Consequences for Norway; Globale og regionale foelger av klimaendringer. Konsekvenser for Norge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buan, Inga Fritzen; Inderberg, Tor Haakon; Rottem, Svein Vigeland

    2010-10-22

    There is a need for more knowledge on how climate change will affect the international society and what consequences this in turn will have for Norway. This report seeks to answer the questions of, first, how global and regional climate changes can come to affect the Norwegian society, and second, what the relevant arenas for meeting these challenges are. The report is part of a larger body of scientific analyses aimed at assessing the vulnerability of the Norwegian society to the adverse effects of climate change and the consequent needs for adaptive measures. Topics covered include increased activity in the Arctic; climate change as non-traditional security threat; migration and refugees; foreign aid and development cooperation; implications for food and water supply; the roles of international agencies and non-governmental actors, and more. It also covers internal challenges in terms of critical infrastructure (in transport, power supply, and telecommunications) and in regard to health concerns. The report also differentiates between ethical obligations and instrumental challenges. (Author)

  5. Struttura produttiva e sviluppo regionale di lungo periodo in Italia (Production Structure and Long-Run Regional Development in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulio Caianelli

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available During the 1990s the link between specialisation and/or variety of the production structure and long-run local development has been widely studied both at theoretical and empirical level. Following this research line, the aim of this paper is twofold. First of all, we analyse, by means of transition matrices, the evolution of the model of specialisation/variety of manufacturing industries at regional level in Italy during the twentieth century. Secondly, we investigate, from an econometric point of view, the potential impact of specialisation and/or of variety on the different growth rates of manufacturing employment of the Italian regions during the period 1927-91. In order to carry out this kind of empirical investigation, we have built up a new and original historical data set which, using statistical information drawn from the Italian Industrial Census carried out from 1911 to 1991, provides data on the number of employees for 15 manufacturing industries and for 18 regions.           JEL Codes: R12, L60, R11, R23Keywords: Manufacturing, Regional Development, Regional

  6. Contrastes regionales de la discriminación laboral hacia los jóvenes en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge E. Horbath Horbath

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Las condiciones de los jóvenes en México distan de ser alentadoras, máxime en situación de crisis económica y su incidencia en los mercados de trabajo, donde una de las primeras causales de despido es la poca experiencia laboral. El presente trabajo busca exponer las condiciones precarias a las que se enfrentan los jóvenes en los mercados de trabajo en México entre 2000 y 2010, comparando las diferentes regiones, utilizando los microdatos de las muestras censales de población y construyéndose índices de segregación ocupacional y discriminación salarial y educativa. Los resultados muestran el bajo reconocimiento de sus esfuerzos por adquirir formación y capacidades, reflejado en sus precarios ingresos inmediatos. Las diferencias entre los estados van en aumento, “hipotecando” su bienestar social y desaprovechando el remanente del bono demográfico.

  7. Plataforma para la planeación estratégica hacia sociedades del conocimiento. Empresas regionales.

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Contreras Soto; Adolfo Rodríguez Santoyo

    2006-01-01

    El presente es un estudio exploratorio, donde partimos de las necesidades prioritarias de un sondeo en las empresas (278) de la región Bajío de Guanajuato, levantado entre los años del 2002 al 2003 y retomado actualmente para su análisis más profundo por la importancia, sentido y magnitud de la información revelada. Con el propósito de identificar las líneas problemáticas generales y proponer una plataforma para la planeación estratégica, sustentada para apoyar y participar en la atención en ...

  8. Desigualdades regionales en la mortalidad por diabetes mellitus y en el acceso a la salud en Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    María Jimena Marro; Andrey Moreira Cardoso; Iuri da Costa Leite

    2017-01-01

    Resumen: El objetivo del estudio fue estimar la carga de mortalidad por grandes grupos de causas, con foco en la diabetes mellitus, así como sus diferenciales, según la presencia o ausencia de cobertura por algún sistema de salud, para Argentina y sus regiones. El estudio fue realizado en base a los óbitos de individuos de 30 años y más, ocurridos en el trienio 2009-2011, estratificados según sexo, franja etaria, región, causa básica de muerte y cobertura de salud. Fueron calculadas tasas de ...

  9. Motivaciones de los jóvenes uninorteños para participar en elecciones locales y regionales en 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Rico Revelo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio describe algunas motivaciones vinculadas a la intención de voto de 262 estudiantes de la Universidad del Norte (Barranquilla, Colombia en las elecciones para la Alcaldía de Barranquilla y la Gobernación del Atlántico en 2011. Se utilizó una metodología descriptiva con un instrumento mixto aplicado una semana previa a las elecciones. Las dimensiones analizadas fueron: interés en la política, socialización política primaria, confianza en el partido y en el candidato, ideología y beneficio individual. Los resultados reflejan que los jóvenes encuestados asisten a las urnas moti- vados por actitudes propias de ciudadanos democráticos; dado que sobresalen los valores democráticos, el interés en la política y las expectativas depo- sitadas en el candidato. Estos hallazgos permiten sugerir líneas de estudio diferentes a las que tradicionalmente se han postulado sobre el papel de los jóvenes en la política.

  10. Motivaciones de los jóvenes uninorteños para participar en elecciones locales y regionales en 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Diana Rico Revelo

    2013-01-01

    Este estudio describe algunas motivaciones vinculadas a la intención de voto de 262 estudiantes de la Universidad del Norte (Barranquilla, Colombia) en las elecciones para la Alcaldía de Barranquilla y la Gobernación del Atlántico en 2011. Se utilizó una metodología descriptiva con un instrumento mixto aplicado una semana previa a las elecciones. Las dimensiones analizadas fueron: interés en la política, socialización política primaria, confianza en el partido y en el candidato, ideología y b...

  11. La nueva dinámica de acumulación resumen capitalista y los problemas sociales y regionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamín Afanador Vargas

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es mostrar los cambios en las estrategias productivas y competitivasa que se ven enfrentadas las firmas en un mercado cada vez más integrado y competitivo en elámbito internacional. En este contexto el capital, como expresión universal de poder y dominaciónpolítica y económica, establece dinámicas entre Estados, regiones y grupos de individuos. Estascomplejas relaciones en que unos y otros actores se mueven, jugando las estrategias impuestaspor el gran capital, va develando roles y actores ganadores y perdedores en que las opcionesmenos favorables las tienen las empresas y las regiones que tienen mayores dificultades parainterpretar las nuevas reglas del juego o tienen menores condiciones y habilidades, naturales oadquiridas, para entrar en la dinámica del mercado global.

  12. La caracterización de las disparidades regionales de la desigualdad en Argentina (1986-2006)

    OpenAIRE

    Álvarez, Beatriz

    2010-01-01

    Existe un consenso generalizado de que una sociedad justa debería premiar a los atributos tales como el esfuerzo o la capacidad innata y no a las circunstancias. Este trabajo se focaliza en una de las tantas circunstancias que pueden generar una sociedad injusta: la ubicación geográfica. La desigualdad de ingresos evolucionó de manera diferente para las diferentes regiones argentinas en los últimos 20 años. Este hecho puede estar reflejando diferentes oportunidades enfrentadas por p...

  13. Visiones regionales superpuestas y propuesta del Ecosistema Cultural para Santa Cruz de Mompox (Bolívar, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Osorio Guzmán

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El municipio de Santa Cruz de Mompox (Departamento de Bolívar, Colombia cuyo centro históricofue declarado Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la UNESCO en 1995, da su nombre a la regiónconocida como Depresión Momposina, a veces confundida con la región de La Mojana ¿Esla Depresión Momposina la misma región de La Mojana? ¿Qué área comprende? Por una parte,se consultan varias fuentes y se identifican diferencias en la delimitación de la región (o regionesque llevan estos nombres y que varían según los actores que las delimiten y la finalidad perseguida.Por otra parte, se propone la aproximación territorial al Ecosistema Cultural Momposinobasada en una propuesta teórica y metodológica que articula las demandas del Centro Históricoal territorio -aquellas relacionadas a las expresiones culturales patrimoniales-, como aporte a lavaloración, protección y gestión patrimonial así como a la planificación regional. Este artículo seenmarca en la investigación Centro histórico y territorio: Ecosistema cultural momposino.

  14. Focus on regional consequences by allocation of gas contracts; Vektlegging av regionale ringvirkninger ved allokering av gasskontrakter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amundsen, E.S.; Sunnevaag, K.

    1994-08-01

    The Ministry of Industry and Energy evaluates which of the natural gas fields to be selected for covering the gas supply based on contract obligations. The evaluation aims at giving a total valuation of possible development solutions on the Norwegian continental shelf. Actual solutions are based on fields located in the Haltenbanken area or in the North Sea. The present report relates to a study analysing the consequences on how the employment and regional conditions are influencing the socio-economic and real economic factors by alternative solutions of contract allocations. 38 refs., 9 figs., 7 tabs.

  15. Afstemming regionale VTV en VAAM: haalbaarheidsstudie naar een samenhangende informatievoorziening over gezondheid en zorg op lokaal en regionaal niveau.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bon-Martens, M.J.H. van; Bakker, D.H. de; Loon, A.J.M. van; Graaf-Ruizendaal, W.A. de; Jacobs-van de Bruggen, M.A.M.; Zwakhals, S.L.N.; Oers, J.A.M. van

    2012-01-01

    Improved alignment between the provision of information in public health and in primary healthcare could provide an important common basis for linking up public and curative healthcare. Important instruments for providing information at local level are the Public Health Status and Forecasts report

  16. Estándares regionales e internos para los procesos de paz y reinserción en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Fernando Quinche-Ramírez

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito se ocupa del proceso de sometimiento a la justicia que, bajo un hoy inexistente marco jurídico, se desarrolla en el país. Igualmente, se ocupa de los temas de la justicia, de la verdad, de la reparación, y, sobre todo, del inminente riesgo de impunidad que se incuba dentro de un proceso en el que se ha privilegiado la política real sobre lo moral y lo jurídico, llegándose a afirmar que todo sacrificio es válido en nombre de una paz eventual, incluyendo el sacrificio de la legalidad, de la responsabilidad política. La tesis que aquí se defiende señala que el proceso de paz y de sometimiento de los grupos armados (para el caso, únicamente las autodefensas y los paramilitares, tal y como está siendo articulado, apunta al establecimiento de un régimen de impunidad, en el sentido en que las medidas reparatorias y de sanción no parecen cumplir ni los estándares internacionales que sobre justicia, verdad y reparación ha establecido el sistema regional de protección, ni las reglas y subreglas vigentes en el sistema nacional.

  17. Lo Scoiattolo Sciurus vulgaris nel Parco Fluviale Regionale dello Stirone (Emilia-Romagna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Bonizzoni

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Lo studio è stato avviato raccogliendo e localizzando su cartografia tutte le segnalazioni di presenza dello scoiattolo sul territorio dell?area protetta. Sono state quindi selezionate sei aree con diverse tipologie forestali (querceto xerofilo, castagneto, bosco ripariale, bosco misto mesofilo, querceto misto e boscaglia di latifoglie con robinia, sulle quali sono state svolte indagini relative alla densità di popolazione e alla potenzialità dell?habitat per la specie. Il censimento dei nidi, effettuato da dicembre a marzo, ha fornito informazioni relative alla specie arborea utilizzata, all?altezza della pianta, all?altezza da terra del nido e alla tipologia ambientale. Nelle aree di studio sono stati riscontrati valori di densità variabili da 0,2 a 1 individui/ ha; tali valori sono paragonabili a quelli relativi a indagini su popolazioni dell?Italia settentrionale, in boschi di latifoglie. È anche confermata la capacità della specie di raggiungere densità di popolazione abbastanza importanti in presenza di buone disponibilità alimentari, anche in vicinanza di insediamenti antropici. La tecnica di monitoraggio con ?hair-tube? è stata utilizzata per ricavare un indice di abbondanza della specie nelle singole aree di studio e confrontarle tra loro. In ognuna delle aree è stata inoltre effettuata una valutazione delle risorse trofiche su transetti, costituiti da tre parcelle di un m² ciascuna. Per un anno, con cadenza mensile, si è proceduto alla raccolta e al conteggio su tali parcelle di tutti i semi utilizzabili come alimento dallo scoiattolo (nel Parco dello Stirone, essenzialmente acero campestre, carpino bianco, castagno, nocciolo, noce e roverella. Dal contenuto calorico dei diversi semi, è stato possibile stimare il valore energetico complessivo di ciascuna parcella e attribuire ad ogni area una minore o maggiore vocazionalità per la specie. La specie risulta presente nel Parco nelle aree collinari e anche alle quote più basse, senza apparenti differenze di densità tra le diverse zone altimetriche. Il principale fattore limitante per lo scoiattolo nel Parco è rappresentato dalla scarsa disponibilità di cibo in alcune aree e in particolare nei popolamenti forestali intensamente utilizzati a ceduo, dove si registra una ridotta presenza di alberi con buona produzione di semi. Non è comunque da sottovalutare la mortalità dovuta all?impatto con autoveicoli sulla viabilità ordinaria. La gestione del territorio attuata dal Parco dovrà dunque prevedere interventi per favorire la conservazione della specie, attraverso la tutela degli ambienti idonei, l?incremento di naturalità delle aree boscate esistenti (copertura arborea e sottobosco arbustivo ed erbaceo, il ripristino di habitat forestali con l?utilizzo di piante fruttifere, l?impianto di siepi e filari arboreo-arbustivi e l?eventuale sperimentazione di metodi per ridurre la mortalità sulle strade (sovrappassi.

  18. The regional energy integration: the latin-american experiences; L'integration energetique regionale: les experiences latino-americaines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    The ways of the regional economic integrations are not identical and generate different repercussions on the markets and the energy industries evolution. The example of the Latin America proposes many various experiences to evaluate the stakes and the limits of each regional integrations. These limits lead to solution researches including indisputable convergencies. The first part of this document presents the genesis of these regional economic integrations experiences in Latina America, to study in the second part the energy consequences of the liberal ALENA and of the more political MERCOSUR. (A.L.B.)

  19. Discriminación étnica en Bolivia: Examinando diferencias regionales y por nicho de calificación

    OpenAIRE

    Villegas Q., Horacio; Núñez, Javier

    2005-01-01

    Utilizando la encuesta de Mejoramiento de las Condiciones de Vida (MECOVI) del año 2002 este trabajo estima la discriminación étnica en el área urbana de Bolivia, separando la muestra entre zonas geográficas y entre trabajadores de distinta calificación. El análisis desagregado por zona geográfica muestra que la discriminación en el altiplano es poco relevante para explicar la brecha de ingresos mientras que en la zona de los valles y del llano la discriminación es más importante que las dife...

  20. Integration project of regional markets in Europe (European directive); Proyecto de integracion de mercados regionales en Europa (Directva europea)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez Fernandez-Castaneda, J. J.

    2010-07-01

    The article presents the current situation of the Day-Ahead electricity markets in the different countries and Regions along West Europe. It describes the different possibilities applied to congestion management in the borders between countries and price areas, and the options employed to couple Day-ahead markets to form regional markets in Europe. Finally, it presents the initiative to Price couple Regional markets (PCR) that is being developed by Nord pool spot, EPEX Spot and OMEL with the objective to advance towards the integration of the markets that they operate in the internal Electricity Market. (Author)

  1. La crisis asiática: sus impactos regionales, globales y en américa latina.

    OpenAIRE

    Estay Reyno, Jaime

    2011-01-01

    En el presente artículo, haremos un breve recuento de algunos de los procesos y de los debates que han estado vinculados a la crisis asiática, centrando la atención en los efectos de dicha crisis sobre las economías del Este de Asia y sobre el conjunto de la economía mundial, para terminar revisando su impacto presente y previsible en las economías latinoamericanas y algunas de las interrogantes que de todo ello se desprenden.

  2. La politique a propos des langues regionales: cadre historique (Politics as They Relate to Regional Languages: A Historical Perspective)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giacomo, Mathee

    1975-01-01

    Furnishes a general historic frame for the studies concerning each language; outlines influences on instruction of the Ancien Regime, of the Revolution, and of conditions and efforts since the Third Republic. (Text is in French.) (MSE)

  3. Radiological and alimentary assessment of the agriculture using phosphogypsum (PG) in agricola soils recovery in Guadalquivir. Final report; Evaluacion de la seguridad alimentaria y radiologica en la aplicacion del fosfoyeso como enmienda de suelos agricolas recuperados en las marismas del Gualquivir Informe Final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez, J. M.

    2006-07-01

    The main goal of this Project has been the radiological and alimentary assessment of the agriculture use of phosphogypsum (PG), a by-product of the fertilizer industry, as Ca-amendment in reclaimed salt-marsh soils in SW Spain. The work-plan included: PG characterization (concentrations of radionuclide and heavy metals, {sup 2}22Rn exhalation from PG stacks), experimental field studies attending to the effect of PG in agriculture soils and drainage waters, and studies on soil-to-plant transfer of radionuclides and heavy metals (through both, field and greenhouse studies).

  4. Uscire dalla crisi finanziaria statunitense: la politica domina l’economia nella Nuova Economia Politica.(Resolving the US Financial Crisis: Politics Dominates Economics in the New Political Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Kregel

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Most economists expected that the “Great Recession” produced by the financial meltdown of 2008 would usher in a resurgence of traditional Keynesian economics and a decline of what has come to be called “market fundamentalism”. By contrast, also due to the inadequate size of the 2009 stimulus package, the resurgence of support for Keynesian expenditure policies has been extremely short lived. However, the negative popular and political reaction should not have come as a surprise, at least for three reasons: the design of the Obama stimulus plan and its difference from the expenditure policies of the Roosevelt Administration; the political environment that has eviscerated fiscal policy and placed monetary policy at the centre of economic policy and produced “debt driven” growth; the difference between policies appropriate to treating an income deflation and a debt deflation.   JEL: G01, B50, N12, H12

  5. The political economics of the permanent war and the political economics of the nuclear war. Strategic approaches for Latin America; La economia politica de la guerra permanente y la economia politica de la guerra nuclear. Aproximaciones estrategicas para America Latina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez L, I.I

    2005-07-01

    This work treats on the hypothesis that the American imperialism uses its nuclear arsenal for reforming geographical spaces that allow him to impel its economic development in the context of the progressive exhaustion of the natural resources of the planet and of the ferocious dispute for market niches and investment destinations, and like the political and military decisions crawl to the different scenarios of economic competition. In the chapter 1 it is insinuated like has been reproduced the Warlike-industrial Complex (CBI) American from the second world postwar period until the present time in the idea of explaining like it is that it is valorized to the capital in scale enlarged starting from the denominated sector producing of destruction means and understanding that the system specifically capitalist is a system where continually the is destroyed previously taken place to manufacture a new merchandise in a luck of creative destruction. In the chapter 2, the topic of the specific contradictions of the CBI is approached that disable him to be the tip of lance of the world imperialism. The chapter 3 try on the productive linkages in the production of nuclear bombs, as well as in the production of the vectors of nuclear transportation and on the implications derived for the world security of the different industries associated to the nuclear energy (as the petroleum, the electricity, the natural gas) and to the transportation vectors of these locating which you/they are the different States where the world supremacy is disputed and that they have like one of its so many negotiation-confrontation letters its nuclear strategic arsenals. What is looked for in a thermonuclear war is the enemy's total elimination, from their offensive capacity, their defensive capacity, until their supplies, their reservations, etc., with the result that the chapters 4 and 5 of this thesis are presented to offer a better understanding that they mean the nuclear arsenals in the context geo economic and geopolitical world through the strategic pondering of the contained American interests in the denominated American strategic synthesis that has their corollary one in the current preventive war or anticipatory self-defense war inherited of the Nazi planners of war of the President George W. Bush. (Author)

  6. Educacion en Poblaciones Indigenas: Politicas y Estrategias en America Latina. (Education for Indigenous Populations: Policies and Strategies in Latin America).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuniga, Madeleine, Ed.; And Others

    This document is a compilation of 20 papers from a seminar on educational policy and strategy for educating the indigenous peoples of Latin America and Mexico. There is a growing awareness among linguistics and anthropology specialists and educators of the necessity to validate education that respects the values of an indigenous culture. This…

  7. Energetic policy, planning and regulation for isolated systems; Politica energetica, planejamento e regulacao para os sistemas isolados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frota, Willamy Moreira [Manaus Energia, AM (Brazil); Companhia Energetica do Amazonas (CEAM), Manaus, AM (Brazil); Bajay, Sergio Valdir [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Estudos de Planejamento Energetico

    2004-07-01

    The service to the energy needs of the isolated places and, in matter, of the located ones in the North Area is confronted with a critical situation, that it opposes a structure of electric power supply with costs very superiors to the found in the interlinked systems to consumers' communities with patterns of income in general very inferior in relation to the national average, in many cases returned to extractive activities of small climbs and the a subsistence agriculture, living at places that are, usually, of difficult access. Therefore, the intrinsic characteristics of the isolated systems are the predominance of low load densities and the population dispersion. The regional savings assisted by the isolated systems cross, frequently, situations of deep economical stagnation, associated strongly to the lack of aggregation of value to the regional products. This lowers economical acting, ally to the characteristics of geographical isolation, as well as the lack of adoption of a specific and maintainable energy planning, integrated into programs of regional development are, without a doubt, the largest barriers that commit the viability of a good energy service the these areas (author)

  8. Problemi di traduzione della Politica di AristoteleIl caso della traduzione in francese di Nicole Oresme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Fiocchi

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Necessità pratiche e riflessioni teoriche accompagnano il lavoro di Oresme, nella consapevolezza che la traduzione delle grandi opere è uno strumento fondamentale per la grandezza di un popolo.

  9. Politicas públicas de salud mental y migración latina en barcelona y génova

    OpenAIRE

    Brigidi, Serena

    2009-01-01

    I present an ethnography conducted in mental health centres and also in Emergency Department in Barcelona and Genoa. The research focuses on migrant patients from South America and socio-health professionals. Initially my objective was to develop en ethnography of health services where I conducted my field-work, to observe the main subjects of study such as institutions, their functioning and specific legislation regulating access to public systems health in Spain and Italy. Despite the relev...

  10. Il primato della contingenza e la premessa politica del discorso etico: riflessioni sulla filosofia del giovane Heidegger

    OpenAIRE

    Menga, Ferdinando G.

    2009-01-01

    More than trying to make explicit an ethical discourse that – for whichever reason – would have remained only implicit in Heidegger’s philosophy, the aim of this article is to trace, in Heidegger’s work, the eventual presence of the structural premises for such a discourse. Premises which, in our perspective, can be brought back to the following two elements: first of all, to the character of contingency of experience and absence of ontological foundation, which only makes e...

  11. Conservation promotion policy of the Spanish energy industry; Politica de promocion de conservacion de la energia en la industria espanola

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso, Juan Antonio

    1992-03-01

    This paper focalizes the energy general policy of Spain from the National Energy Plan (1991-2000), presenting the strategic lines and testing the main decisions to be adopted in this present decade 5 tabs.

  12. Considerations on the US A science and technology politics; Consideracoes sobre a politica americana de ciencia e tecnologia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bastos, Wilma S. [Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    1999-11-01

    In this work, the evolution of Science and Technology policy in USA is analyzed in its three phases, after the Second World War. The financial policy for Research and Development during the governments Reagan, Bush and Clinton is also delineated and, finally, Latin America situation is exposed in this scenery (author) 3 refs., 4 tabs.

  13. Energy efficiency policies and climatic change in Brazil; Politicas de eficiencia energetica e mudancas climaticas no Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romeiro, Viviane [Universidade de Sao Paulo (IEE/USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Eletrotecnica e Energia], email: viviromeiro@usp.br; Barros, Regiane Silva de [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (FEM/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica. Planejamento de Sistemas Energeticos], email: rsbarros@fem.unicamp.br; Simoes, Andre Felipe [Universidade de Sao Paulo (FEM/USP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica], email: afsimoes@fem.unicamp.br

    2010-07-01

    The rational use of energy, associated with economic development improvement, represents one of the most challenges in the energy planning context. Although the Clean Development Mechanism - CDM has got a relative success by reducing Greenhouse Gases Emissions- GGE, energy efficiency has not been considered yet as a strategic measure for significant investments. This work assumes that an inclusion of programmatic mechanisms, politics and a more comprehensive regulation tools could represent a potential to maximize energy efficiency actions. Methodologically, it was made a bibliographic review from an analytical perspective of energy efficiency politics and specially in the context of the carbon market framework. As a result, it was observed that energy efficiency actions has been gradually inserted in a more comprehensive and programmatic structure attributing more interference from the public sector instead of the private sector (which has been presenting many limitations). (author)

  14. The future of the coal on the energetic Spanish policy; El futuro del carbon en la politica energetica espanola

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    This work was born as a result of the decision of the Foundation for Studies on energy, to undertake and analysis on the role of coal in the X XI century, because although coal appears as the fuel to be most affected by the provisions of the fight against global warming, it must be recognized its essential contribution in ensuring the power supply and to contain the cost of the kWh. The study was prepared by a group of professionals of the energy sector, without direct commercial links with the subject discussed, but with acknowledges expertise technique. It is pertinent to stress that the purpose of this study is to provide data and analyze rigorously technical options with a view to be able to use the coal energy, minimizing and, theoretically, eliminating the CO{sub 2} emissions. It is therefore not a document produced from predetermined positions, but it is deducted from the characteristics of the nature and mechanisms and other processes involved in generating electricity from coal, and in the treatment of generated CO{sub 2} for it not to reach the atmosphere. We intend to contribute to the better understanding by our society, a major problem for our economy and out welfare. (Author)

  15. Analysis of public policies for new renewable energy in Brazil; Analise de politicas publicas para novas energias renovaveis no Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Furtado, M.C.; Fadigas, E.A.F.A.; Baitelo, R.L. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Escola Politecnica

    2010-07-01

    Renewable energy have a prominent place among the solutions to combat global warming, but its potential is still untapped in Brazil. Without long-term policies with clear rules, you can not attract entrepreneurs and ensure stability of operation of this market. The main tools of government to promote renewable energy generation have not been efficient - the Incentive Program for Alternative Sources of Energy (Proinfa) was implemented in 2002 but put into operation just over two thirds of the energy proposal. The low success rate in repeated auctions focused on renewable energy. The objective of this paper is to discuss the prospects of the expansion of electricity generation by renewable energies in Brazil and some fundamental requirements for effective structuring of this market in the country. This argument is supported by the analysis of the proposed mechanisms used internationally and in the country, under a new law for renewable energies. As a practical demonstration of the analysis, we present a simulation of conditions of formation of the final price of renewable resources in different conditions as varied market rate of return, cost of transmission, and sale of carbon credits.

  16. DERECHO Y POLITICA MIGUEL ANTONIO CARO Y LA REGENERACIÓN EN COLOMBIA A FINALES DEL SIGLO XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Rubiano Muñoz

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available La relación entre derecho y política en el pensamiento conservador de Miguel Antonio Caro constituye uno de los referentes analíticos que pueden explicar las diversas formas de violencia que en nuestro territorio subsisten a lo largo de más de un siglo. Para Caro el derecho y la política constituyen instrumentos de poder disponibles para la organización y la estructuración de la sociedad en un solo sentido y en una sola dirección. Como instrumentos son útiles según el conservadurismo ultramontano de este intelectual patricio para homogeneizar, uniformar y contrarrestar la pluralidad de las sociedades. El orden de la sociedad está por encima de cualquier demanda por la libertad, y por ello al potenciar la contienda ideológica y aumentar la intolerancia se genera una sociedad en abierta lucha contra la disidencia, la confrontación y la controversia, de modo, que la opción de la oposición política como garantía del reconocimiento de los derechos de las minorías y de las opiniones diversas debe ser aniquilada, censurada y, por supuesto, extirpada.

  17. La mente mente, il volto no. Gli indizi dell’inganno nei rapporti interpersonali, negli affari, nella politica, nei Tribunali

    OpenAIRE

    Cinzia Gimelli

    2012-01-01

    Thanks to the scientist Paul Ekman we are now able to assess the type of influence that our non-verbal behaviour has on other people: we can now judge the ability of people to send non-verbal signals and know how to interpret them. We recognize that information provided by words in some cases is contradicted and refuted by the non-verbal expressions that accompany it, and that, when one cannot use words, information can be communicated through non-verbal signs. The emotions are states of mind...

  18. Il Rapporto Radcliff: politica monetaria e gestione del debito pubblico. (Radcliffe Report: monetary policy and debt-management reconciled?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.I. KATZ

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the main conclusions of the Radcliffe Report, the first full-scale study of Britain’s monetary system since 1931. The author is especially concerned with debt management and monetary policy that he sees as the primary concern of the Radcliffe Committee members. The main idea, that debt management has become the fundamental domestic task of the central bank, is considered in light of the US experience and the principal that debt management should be the exclusive responsibility of the Treasury under US legislative arrangements.JEL: E42, E52, E58, E62

  19. Moneta, attività liquide, velocità di circolazione e politica monetaria. (Money, liquid assets, velocity and monetary policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. GARVY

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The present article analyses the significance of the rise in liquid assets in relation to GNP, the related increase in the velocity of money and the declining role of money as a financial asset in the U.S. economy. Moreover, the significance of these developments for monetary policy is considered. The author argues that far from being inimical to the execution of monetary policy, changes in velocity are actually another aspect of the system of checks and balances which characterise the operations of the economic system.JEL: E40, E50, E52

  20. La politica monetaria in Italia dal 1947 al 1978 (Monetary policy in Italy from 1947 to 1978

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    A. FAZIO

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Since the Second World War, monetary policy in Italy has taken on a fundamental role in the control of the production cycle, the balance daily payments and prices. The present study analyzes the reasons for and effects of monetary policy over the last decade, when destabilizing impulses, both internal and external, became more frequent and intense and as a result required numerous interventions. The author also considers  the stabilization policies of 1947-48 as well as those of the sixties, the control of interest rates and the evolution of monetary aggregates during the periods of development of the fifties and sixties, highlighting the similarities and differences in the instruments and performance with respect to the actions taken in the most recent period. The description is implemented in chronological order, situating the analysis of monetary policy actions in the context of economic developments, and in relation to other economic policy measures.JEL: E52, E43 

  1. L'euro e il comportamento delle grandi banche nell'UME: strategie imprenditoriali e politica monetaria

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    Manfred Borchert

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper connects different business cultures of large banks in various countries of the EMU with monetary policy issue of the ECB. First, the banks' competitive potential as well as their strategic behaviour is outlined. Furthermore, a cluster analysis exhibits some banking groups according to the liability-orientation of the largest EMU-banks, and a factor analysis gives some additional information about their asset-orientation; both business-orientations play an important role for the efficiency of monetary policy. Finally, the different cash requirements within the various European coun-tries might lead to totally new bank strategies, yielding to an internationali-sation of large bank-credits.  JEL Codes: E51, E52, G21, G34Keywords:

  2. Obiettivi intermedi della politica monetaria e coordinamento delle politiche economiche ( Intermediate targets of monetary policy and coordination of economic policies

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    C. CARANZA

    1977-12-01

    Full Text Available Now that the monetary policies of industrial countries are no longer bound by fixed exchange rates, the problem of coordinating their economic policies has become even more difficult than before. The present paper discusses some problems in this regard. First, the recent economic literature on the subject of interim targets is briefly reviewed, before the experiences of some countries are described, in particular with regard to the issue of the announcement of objectives, comparing them with the criteria used in Italy. The choice of the most appropriate intermediate target is then considered, with particular reference to the case of an open economy such as in Italy. Finally, the problem of setting reciprocally compatible monetary rules in EEC countries is dealt with, analyzing the method of the adjustment process according to the criteria of such rules. JEL: E52, F15

  3. Obiettivi intermedi della politica monetaria e coordinamento delle politiche economiche ( Intermediate targets of monetary policy and coordination of economic policies

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    C. CARANZA

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Now that the monetary policies of industrial countries are no longer bound by fixed exchange rates, the problem of coordinating their economic policies has become even more difficult than before. The present paper discusses some problems in this regard. First, the recent economic literature on the subject of interim targets is briefly reviewed, before the experiences of some countries are described, in particular with regard to the issue of the announcement of objectives, comparing them with the criteria used in Italy. The choice of the most appropriate intermediate target is then considered, with particular reference to the case of an open economy such as in Italy. Finally, the problem of setting reciprocally compatible monetary rules in EEC countries is dealt with, analyzing the method of the adjustment process according to the criteria of such rules.JEL: E52, F15

  4. La sorte del patrimonio artistico spagnolo durante la Guerra Civile (1936-1939: ideologia, politica e trascendenza del problema

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    Rebeca Saavedra Arias

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available During the Civil War the Spanish Artistic Heritage was in danger. Unlike the rebels and aware of this situation, the Republican governments gave a quick and firm response. The international significance of this subject was considered a State problem and gave rise to a propagandistic struggle. On the other hand, the widespread diffusion of what Republicans had done to guarantee their protection let them improve their battered public image, as well as announce the preservation measures used in the conflict. These measures served as an example for European governments to protect public collections during the Second World War.

  5. Comprendiendo Nuestras Politicas: The Need for an Effective C&IT Policy for a Nation's Development, The Venezuelan Case

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    Carmen Joham

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This research explores the argument that developing countries (DC need effective and good quality communications and information technology (C&IT policies as a strategy for socio-economic growth. It focuses on Venezuela and attempts to gain an understanding of the cur-rent and potential impact of national C&IT policies and strategies in the C&IT diffusion process and globalisation arena. It is suggested that a shift is needed towards a wider concept of policy design. The traditional design reflects a rather 'prescriptive' approach, while I propose that a 'participatory' approach, which encompasses social, political, technical, ethical and other issues, is both necessary and desirable for effective policies to exist. A multiple perspective interpretative methodology is used in order to understand the complexities of effective C&IT policies in Venezuela to attract C&IT investment and achieve socio-economic growth. Consequently, the study of C&IT policy is based on an approach that emphasizes a multiple level of analysis encompassing the levels of the individual, society, organisation, and technology.

  6. Sustainable industrial policy and environment. challenges and opportunities; Politica industrial sostenible y medio ambiente. Dificultades y oportunidades

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valle Munoz, M.

    2013-06-01

    The European Union is aware that the current model of production and consumption contributes to global warming, pollution, intensive use of materials and depletion of natural resources and, for that reason, it promotes since years the adoption of more sustainable patterns. Increasing efficiency in the use of resources in the generation and use of energy and the production of goods could also be a powerful source of innovation and a major industrial competitiveness, according to the Commission. This article discusses the existing complementary strategies in efficiency in the use of resources, raw materials, energy, and the energy and climate package adopted in 2008, and the difficulties and opportunities that the industry is facing to implement this policy in the current economic slowdown. (Author)

  7. Genero y politicas de salud de la mujer en America Latina: caso Perú (parte II)

    OpenAIRE

    Martos,Marina Violeta Estrada Pérez de; Fonseca,Rosa Maria Godoy Serpa da

    1996-01-01

    En este estudio se hace una presentación y análisis de la problemática de la mujer, considerando su condición social, de acuerdo a la ideologia androcentrista en la sociedad. Se hace una breve evolución histórica de la mujer bafo el recorte analítico de género. Se analiza las políticas públicas y de salud de la mujer en América Latina, especialmente en el Perú, desde el Incanato, explicando las razones de la formulación e implantación del Programa de Planificación Familiar y del Programa de A...

  8. Genero y politicas de salud de la mujer en america latina: caso Perú (Parte I)

    OpenAIRE

    Martos,Marina Violeta Estrada Pérez de; Fonseca,Rosa Maria Godoy Serpa da

    1996-01-01

    En este estudio se hace una presentación y análisis de la problemática de la mujer, considerando su condición social, de acuerdo a la ideologia androcentrista en la sociedad. Se hace una breve evolución histórica de la mujer bajo el recorte analítico de género. De otro lado, se analiza las políticas públicas y de salud de la mujer en América Latina, especialmente en el Perú, desde el Incanato, explicando las, razones de la formulación e implantación del Programa de Planificación Familiar y de...

  9. Editorial: Politicas e processos pedagógicos da educação superior na contemporaneidade

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    Maria de Lourdes Pinto de Almeida

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available É com grande satisfação que apresentamos este número da RIESup que tem como eixo temático Políticas e Processos de Educação Superior na América Latina. Abrindo o debate temos o artigo intitulado O ensino na educação superior: uma análise da metodologia “trezentos” e sua relação com a pedagogia histórico-crítica, de Liliam Faria Porto Borges e Vanice Schossler Sbardelotto. O texto apresenta uma nova análise da metodologia de ensino denominada de “Trezentos”, e que foi desenvolvida pelo Professor Doutor Ricardo Ramos Fragelli, da UnB, desde 2013. Esta metodologia vai trabalhar com a relação existente entre esta metodologia e as pedagogias progressistas, particularmente a Pedagogia Histórico-Crítica, formulada e divulgada no Brasil por Dermeval Saviani. Vale a pena conferir.

  10. Memoria e historia desafios a las prácticas politicas de olvido en América Latina

    OpenAIRE

    Quintar, Estela

    2015-01-01

    Memoria y olvido han sido, desde la emergencia de nuestra especie en este mundo, significantes que nombran el gran desafío de la supervivencia simbólica en el mundo de la vida. Es la constante lucha por registrar no sólo nuestra propia existencia sino un modo de transitarla, de construirla y vivirla, exorcizando asi el fantasma del olvido; porque el olvido es el enemigo de la vida misma, es el nombre de las experiencias perdidas ¿Qué seria de nosotros si olvidáramos las experiencias -más allá...

  11. Una rivisitazione del governo terapeutico. La politica dei programmi di salute mentale e psicosociali nei contesti umanitari

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    Katherine Rehberg

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Over the last several decades, humanitarian programmes have increasingly sought to preserve not only physical life and health, but also to address psychological needs and to promote the social well-being of people. This can be seen in the development and widespread use of the so-called mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS programmes. Despite their proliferation, they have been widely criticised, and the field marked by intense debate. In this paper, the author discusses the evolution of MHPSS programmes and the associated debates by analysing Vanessa Pupavac’s critique of psychosocial programming as constituting ‘therapeutic governance’, or the homogenisation, pathologisation, controlling and depoliticisation of affected communities. In her analysis, she focuses on current practice as represented by the 2007 IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support. She argues that the field has made significant progress toward a culturally-appropriate and empowering model of psychosocial programming within humanitarian interventions, but that individual programmes would still benefit from situation-specific evaluation. Though the critiques of homogenisation and pathologisation have been addressed by the IASC guidelines, she argues that there remains the potential for MHPSS programmes to contribute to the controlling and depoliticising nature of broader humanitarian programming.

  12. ESTRATEGIAS DE ACCION E INCIDENCIA EN LAS POLITICAS PUBLICAS DE LAS COOPERATIVAS DE TERCER GRADO EN ARGENTINA

    OpenAIRE

    María Cristina Acosta; Cynthia Cecilia Srnec

    2011-01-01

    Este trabajo indaga sobre la incidencia de las entidades representativas del cooperativismo argentino en las políticas públicas contemporáneas. Se presenta un estudio de caso de las dos más importantes cooperativas de tercer grado del país, se analizan sus metas y estrategias en las interacciones con las dependencias estatales. Los resultados de las acciones de los actores definen metas y estrategias que pueden ser convergentes y/o divergentes. Se concluye que los vínculos que han construido ...

  13. ESTRATEGIAS DE ACCION E INCIDENCIA EN LAS POLITICAS PUBLICAS DE LAS COOPERATIVAS DE TERCER GRADO EN ARGENTINA

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    María Cristina Acosta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo indaga sobre la incidencia de las entidades representativas del cooperativismo argentino en las políticas públicas contemporáneas. Se presenta un estudio de caso de las dos más importantes cooperativas de tercer grado del país, se analizan sus metas y estrategias en las interacciones con las dependencias estatales. Los resultados de las acciones de los actores definen metas y estrategias que pueden ser convergentes y/o divergentes. Se concluye que los vínculos que han construido las confederaciones seleccionadas con el Estado presentan características de complementación y cooperación en términos generales. Asimismo, la facultad de las organizaciones estudiadas para incidir en la definición de las políticas públicas resulta no solamente de los recursos propios, sino, principalmente, de las oportunidades políticas y la capacidad de establecer alianzas inter-actorales mediante estrategias colectivas.

  14. La mente mente, il volto no. Gli indizi dell’inganno nei rapporti interpersonali, negli affari, nella politica, nei Tribunali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cinzia Gimelli

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Thanks to the scientist Paul Ekman we are now able to assess the type of influence that our non-verbal behaviour has on other people: we can now judge the ability of people to send non-verbal signals and know how to interpret them. We recognize that information provided by words in some cases is contradicted and refuted by the non-verbal expressions that accompany it, and that, when one cannot use words, information can be communicated through non-verbal signs. The emotions are states of mind associated with physiological and psychophysiological changes, with internal or external stimuli, or with natural or learned behaviour. They are associated with mood, temperament, personality and disposition, and motivation. In most cases, lies can be detected because of signs of hidden emotions; the more intense and varied the emotions are, the more likely it is that a lie is unintentionally betrayed. The facial expressions and body language can reveal deep emotions: the presence of a specific emotional state is indicated by a shaky voice, an alteration of tone, a sunny smile, or a furrowed brow. Unlike ordinary expressions and gestures, it is difficult to hide micro-expressions and micro-gestures. Micro-expressions express the seven universal emotions: disgust, anger, fear, sadness, happiness, surprise, and contempt. In 1990 Paul Ekman expanded this list of basic emotions, including a range of positive and negative emotions, not all encoded in facial muscles. These emotions are amusement, contempt, embarrassment, excitement, guilt, pride, relief, satisfaction, pleasure, and shame. Micro-gestures are hard to conceal too, because every little movement is like a word that has a different meaning according to the use made of it in a ‘sentence’. Therefore, in order to analyze a gesture correctly one should keep in mind the context in which it is expressed.

  15. Biodiesel: its reality and perspectives on national energy policy; O biodiesel: sua realidade e perspectivas diante da politica energetica nacional

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gabbay, Samuel Max; Xavier, Yanko Marcius de Alencar [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    In the current context, the national energy politics has passed for excellent changes. With the world-wide crisis of the oil in a scarcity perspective and the pressures politics around the global heating, the energy politics has strengthen each time more to promote the use of energies renewed, especially in the automotive sector. This change of position brings new configurations to the national energy matrix and res-position the country as supplying of energy for the world. As it has detached of these politics, are the initiatives of attainment of clean and renewable fuel a matrix from biodiesel. Ahead of this situation, he is objective of the present work to analyze the available mechanisms in the picture of the national energy politics for the introduction of energies you renewed in the fuel sector by means of the program of biodiesel. In this direction, in the first part of the article is analyzed legal aspect that subsidizes the national energy politics and the mechanisms of introduction of energies you renewed in the automotive sector. In the second part the norms are analyzed that configure the national program of biodiesel and its paper in the global set of the component legal measures of the national energy politics. (author)

  16. La riproduzione (del femminile. Una riflessione socio-politica sul ruolo delle donne nella scuola italiana degli ultimi decenni

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    Eleonora de Conciliis

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In a traditional Catholic country like Italy, the job of school teacher seems to be tailored just for women, in order to preserve quietly both roles of mother and working person, in the imagery of people who don’t work in the school world at least. This happens because the school has always been the second space of traditional display regarding gender differences, and the only one recognised as such by society, after the family. There’s no place like school where Italian women have been free to exhibit and make the most of their own relational competencies, even their sex difference, getting the same payment reserved for men but anyway lower than payments existing in other service sectors. Italy is the country where the family-school pair has assumed a legendary status for decades, with the woman usually seen as a link between these two environments; and maybe that’s exactly the reason why the school has become the stage where each and every metamorphosis of family is set up and the female presence gets its identity as biological and cultural reproductive subject. As long as teaching is that particular cognitive work in which the knowledge is hoarded to wield a lower power, women have been reduced to technical roles of teachers, so to be excluded from the spaces reserved to higher power: economy and politics. Maternalistic and consumerist structures typical of the last times led this subordination to a crisis in Italy too, but with no creation of a good alternative model. When the so-called First Republic (that was a kind of symbolic Father-State crashed down, the female model of cultural transmission broke up at the same time. In order to understand this trend, and perhaps to reverse it, the feminisation of teaching should be considered as a political question, and no longer as a treasure to be protected or defended. The same target regards the public school too.

  17. Per una lettura politica della pala Bentivoglio di Francesco Francia già in Santa Maria della Misericordia

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    Jihoon Gu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available During a reign by the Giovanni II Bentivoglio, a city of Bologna had undergone significant changes from a mundane reminiscent of a medieval city to one that was fit for the age of Renaissance. A period when all forms of arts flourished but, some of when were also ordered to serve a political purpose from its conception. A great example representing such form is the work left by Francesco Raibolini il Francia, one of the finest artists in the Bentivoglio court. Leaving us with two very special altarpieces under the same title, ‘Pala Bentivoglio’. The first piece is situated at Bentivoglio family’s chapel in San Giacomo Maggiore and the other, located on the main altar of the church of Santa Maria della Misericordia. The former includes twoSaints allusive of the both name and profession of Giovanni II to illuminate his authority and ‘first citizen’ status and the latter commissioned upon the safe return of his second son, Anton Galeazzo, from a Jerusalem pilgrimage. The second altarpiece was left in question on the identity of the secular it portrayed, assumed for a long time as a St.Francis. However, given the significance of the location the piece was held and distinct physiognomy from effigies of other works, including the portrait ‘Concerto bentivolesco’ of the Thyssen in Madrid, the person in the altarpiece revealed as none other than Ermes Bentivoglio, third son of Bentivoglio rather than St.Francis. Not only for holding a significant altarpiece of its time but the Church of Santa Maria della Misericorida too have served a vital role, as a prominent locale where it held numerous political and diplomatic events until Giovanni II Bentivoglio’s sons lost the Signoria di Bologna to mark their ephemeral lordship after reconquest the city in 1511.

  18. Actores sociales y ambitos de construccion de politicas ambientales Social actors and scenarios in the generation of environmental politics

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    Eduardo Gudynas

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza el concepto de "actores claves" en la generación de políticas ambientales. Independientemente de la definición de actor social que se maneje, el asumir la existencia de actores claves ofrece limitaciones conceptuales y prácticas, ya que éstos son coyunturales a cada situación específica. Todos pueden ser actores claves en generar políticas ambientales cumpliendo papeles diferenciales. Como alternativa se utiliza el término de "actores destacados" y se revisan aspectos sobresalientes de varios de ellos en América Latina. Seguidamente se postula que el análisis se debe centrar en los escenarios sociales donde esos actores se pueden manifestar. Se ofrece una distinción preliminar de escenarios que permite integrar a nuevos y viejos movimientos sociales y establecer relaciones de articulación y equivalencia.The concept of "key actors" in the field of environmental politics is analyzed. Beyond the definition of social actor, the assumption of the existence of key actors implies conceptual and practical limitations, as it depends of each specific situation. Everyone could be a key actor under differential roles in the generation of environmental politics. As an alternative, the term "noteworthy actors" is used and a brief review of them in Latin America is presented. The relevant question should address the social scenarios from where these actors can express themselves. A preliminary distinction of scenarios is presented, in which old and new social movements could be integrated and relationships of articulation and equivalence could be established.

  19. La politica economica del fascismo. La crisi del ‘29.(Economic policy under the fascist regime: the crisis of 1929

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    Paolo Sylos Labini

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Text of a speech held at the University of Rome in 1965. The author discusses the economic policy of Fascism, claiming that several of its characteristic features, e.g. the policy of industrial and financial bailouts, the policy of industry cartels and firms’ groups, and protectionism, were part of an international trend. In these areas international similitudes probably outweigh differences. What was peculiar of Fascism was the approach towards trade unions and the peculiarly corporatist policy.    

  20. Politica dei redditi. La linea brutale e la linea civile.(Incomes politicy: the brutal approach and the civil approach

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    Paolo Sylos Labini

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The author discusses the policy of keeping (or not opposing a certain level of unemployment as a means to promote wage deflation, and identifies it as the “brutal” way to pursue macroeconomic stability. By contrast, Sylos Labini identifies the cost of living and productivity as two other determinants of the wage level, and thus proposes a rich policy of structural reforms as the most civilised way to obtain the same result.    

  1. Squilibri finanziari, cambio del dollaro e politica monetaria internazionale. (Financial imbalances, the dollar exchange rate and international monetary policy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. TRIFFIN

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available L'aumento continuo e spettacolare del dollaro sul mercato globale dei cambi, nonostante l'altrettanto spettacolare disavanzo delle partite correnti della bilancia dei pagamenti, è una cosa che nessun economista avrebbe sognato . Tutti saranno d'accordo che la risposta al puzzle sta nel fatto che le operazioni in conto corrente costituiscono ormai solo una piccola parte dei movimenti valutari lordi,  dominata di fattop da movimenti di capitali. Ciò che deve essere spiegato  allora è l'enorme volume di capitale netto totale che finanzia il deficit. Il presente lavoro considera questo paradosso, il ruolo del dollaro nel sistema monetario mondiale e le prospettive a medio e lungo termine per il sistema finanziario mondiale.The continuous and spectacular rise of the dollar on the global foreign exchange market, despite the equally spectacular current account deficit of the U.S. balance of payments, is something that no economist would have dreamed to be possible. Everyone will agree that the answer to the puzzle lies in the fact that the transactions in the current account now constitute only a small part of the gross currency movements, in fact dominated by capital movements. What needs to be explained then is the sheer volume of the total net capital that finances the deficit. The present work considers this paradox, the dollar’s role in the world monetary system and medium and long-term perspectives for the world financial system.JEL: E52, F31, E42,

  2. EDUCAÇÃO DO CAMPO E POLITICA EDUCACIONAL BRASILEIRA: APROXIMAÇÕES E DISTANCIAMENTOS NA REALIDADE LOCAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucineide Barros Medeiros

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Trazemos à discussão a política da Educação do Campo realizada a partir da ação do Programa Nacional de Educação na Reforma Agrária – PRONERA (vinculado ao Instituto Nacional de Colonização e Reforma Agrária – INCRA e ao Ministério do Desenvolvimento Agrário – MDA e da Secretaria de Educação Continuada, Alfabetização, Diversidade e Inclusão – SECADI (vinculada ao Ministério da Educação – MEC, ambos situados na esfera da União e incidindo sob a política de estados e municípios. Destacamos tensões e desafios colocados nas ações locais, evidenciando a experiência do Estado do Piauí. Levamos em consideração que a partir da Constituição Federal de 1988, os municípios brasileiros foram instituídos como entes federados, com atribuição de promover, preferencialmente, o Ensino Fundamental e a Educação Infantil e, pela Lei 9.394 de 1996, devem também criar os seus Sistemas Municipais de Educação – SMEs; tais processos são analisados à luz de desafios suscitados no contexto da política de Educação do Campo.

  3. Institutional changes and industrial policy in the petroleum sector; Mudanca institucional e politica industrial no setor de petroleo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Furtado, Andre Tosi

    2007-07-01

    This article poses a position that the main responsibility for the institutional change in petroleum and gas sectors was due to the opportunity to rise the investment volumes to attend the final consumer and to give value to the country potential resources.

  4. Gaetano Mosca e la teoria della classe politica (Gaetano Mosca and the theory of the ruling class

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. BOBBIO

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Gaetano Mosca dedicated much of his life’s work to his theory of the ruling class, developing it in numerous publications. Despite his long meditation on the subject and subsequent revisions, however, Mosca never provided a systematic, properly articulated expose’ of his doctrine, in which the various components were logically arranged and examined from all points of view. The present article gathers together the scattered parts of Mosca’s theories into an organic whole, giving the reader an immediate and fairly precise idea of both the complexity of the research as well as the unfinished state in which the author left it. The author draws freely upon passages from Mosca’s various works in order to illustrate the following aspects of the ruling class: composition and formation; extension; renewal and replacement; organisation and means of exercising power.JEL: B31, B51, B52

  5. Electric energy management - basis for a municipal public politics; Gestao da energia eletrica - bases para uma politica publica municipal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurahassi, Luiz Fernando

    2006-07-01

    Electricity is an input whose impact on the costs of the municipal public services varies according to the manner it is used and to the way it is obtained from the supplying company. The management of its use results in savings and in greater efficiency and quality of the delivered services - including the public lighting - besides, it softens environmental impacts and develops actions to orientate society towards energy-efficient consumption habits. The public sector has a significant share in the electricity final consumption in Brazil, trending to increase, but a room for consumption reduction and increase in energy efficiency can be seen in the municipalities. The purpose of this thesis is to identify concepts and set parameters that can be the basis of a public policy on electrical power management at the ambit of municipality. This paper reports a series of theoretical studies and empirical researches concerning the efficient use of electrical power in public services in cities of different countries and analyses the results reached from the application of models that successively work in the reality of cities from the Sao Paulo metropolitan area. It concludes that the municipality must play a role much more relevant than being a simple institutional electricity consumer, by proposing the basis for an intervention in the municipal reality. (author)

  6. Rimescolare le carte. Il tema del governo misto in Tommaso d’Aquino e nella riflessione politica tardomedievale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Simonetta

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available William of Moerbeke’s rendering of Aristotle’s Politics (about 1260 put a new problem to his late thirteenth- and early fourteenth-century readers, forcing those magistri to question themselves about the advantages of the adoption of a mixed type of government which combines some elements of the rule of the many with others of aristocracy and monarchy. Thomas Aquinas, first of all, and then both Peter of Auvergne and Ptolemy of Lucca do all agree in accepting a mixed constitution as the best political arrangement, but between them we could find some considerable differences.

  7. Urban politics and the oil and gas royalties; Politica urbana e os 'royalties' do petroleo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Agata Ariana Correia da [Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The present study aims to outline the connection between the new guidelines of urban politics established by the Statute of the City and the financial aspect of the relationship between local authorities and the Oil and Gas Industry, as well as to reflect upon the fact that the oil and gas royalties are not everlasting resources and the need of the local administrative units to maintain their functions after the decay of the local Oil and Gas Industry irrespectively of federal and state support. (author)

  8. Cinema, arte e temporalità nella Montagna incantata. Bioscopia: un capitolo trascurato dell’estetizzazione della politica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio Desideri

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Moving from the «Cinema-scene» of the fifth chapter of the novel Der Zauberberg by Thomas Mann, the essay aims to tackle the whole relation between the German novelist  and the cinema.  The subject is handled in the light of the Walter Benjamin’s artwork-essay  and of its analysis of the relation between cinema, fascism and aestheticization of  politics. The thesis of the author is that the emerging of the cinema has established a new political and symbolical dimension of the relation between art, technique and ‘magic’.

  9. LA POLITICA UN PROCESO COMUNICACIONAL. LAS ELECCIONES EN LA CIUDAD DE PEREIRA, COLOMBIA, EN EL AÑO 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Lucía Bedoya

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Los integrantes de los Grupos de Investigación en Comunicación Educativa y Sociedad -Imaginarios - Comunicación SIC de Colombia, han venido reflexionando, desde 1999, sobre la relación ciudad-ciudadano que se establece en los procesos de construcción de ciudad. En esta reflexión, la ciudad se ha abordado como un proceso dinámico, de lo que se deduce que es susceptible de transformaciones no sólo en el orden de lo físico, sino también de lo social, cultural, económico y político. La apuesta de este artículo, es poder visualizar la política como un proceso dinámico comunicacional en las Elecciones de Alcalde y Gobernador en el periodo electoral del año 2007 en la ciudad de Pereira (Risaralda, Colombia. En esta perspectiva, tomaremos la temporalidad como eje vinculante, de la siguiente manera: en el eje de las elecciones, distinguiremos las preselecciones, la elección y la pos-elección, donde se establecen enlaces comunicativos que permiten el funcionamiento del sistema político. Esto es lo que denominaremos modelo comunicacional, basado en la “operacionalización” de los conceptos de comunicación, acción y expectativas del sociólogo Niklas Luhmann.

  10. INDULGENTIA PRINCIPIS ED EMENDA: ASPETTI DELLA POLITICA CRIMINALE NELL’IMPERO ROMANO TRA IV E VI SEC. D.C.

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    Francesco Fasolino

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Between the 4th and 6th centuries AD, with the punishment of the crimes, had consciously pursued not only objectives of defense of the social order and of general prevention but, unlike what is considered by the communis opinio, also a function of amend, to be understood in a wide range of meanings ranging from the minimal, already present in the reflection of the Severian jurists to that much more significative, found in imperial legislation, as correction and repentance of the delinquent. In the light of this broader drawing of criminal policy, we can better understand the ratio of the indulgence measures that emperors adopted more and more frequently, to make it a habitual custom, during Holy Easter: even through them, in fact, the legislator aims at the delinquent amend, in full compliance with the principles of Catholic religion. The pursuit of this purpose means that the acts of imperial clemency of this era are not an expression of the mere political arbitrariness of the sovereign but they justify and base the indulgence of the emperors in a coherent manner with the value system on which the criminal system is founded in that historical period.

  11. The energy policy of the European Union: Green book; Por una politica energetica de la Union Europea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-07-01

    This book is based in the document con(94) 659 final, 11.1.1995. It is analyzing the evolution of the energetic policy, the objective of the future energetic policy and the priorities of the European Community. The main aspects are: energetic market, supply, international cooperation, environmental protection, energy efficiency and the Technology.

  12. La Chiesa tra politica e religiosità popolare nei primi decenni del XX secolo. Alcune suggestioni

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    Domenico Bilotti

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo è stato sottoposto alla valutazione del Prof. Antonino Mantineo, che ne ha attestato la scientificità e l’originalità. SOMMARIO: 1. Apparente desuetudine dell’analisi - 2. La Prima Guerra Mondiale e le sue conseguenze nella società italiana. Questioni irrisolte – 3. Il contributo cattolico prima e dopo il Fascismo. Alcune ipotesi di continuità?

  13. The energy challenges of North America; Los retos energeticos de America del Norte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez, Eduardo [Universidad Johns Hopkins (JHU), Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Varela Salazar, Myrna R. [Universidad de Columbia, Nueva York, Nueva York (United States)

    2006-11-15

    The objective of this article is, on one hand, to evaluate the dependency of the United States (US) as far as its oil imports, and by the other, the regional consequences that could mean the declination of the production and of the Mexican exports. Mexico could put into injunction the diversification looked for by US and have other undesirable consequences, such as higher prices and bilateral and including international tensions. In addition, the fall of the oil exports will damage the public finances of Mexico, reason why the reform of its energy sector and the necessity of moderating the dependency of the government from the oil income by means of a fiscal reform that can not be postponed, in spite of the strong prevailing political resistance. [Spanish] El objetivo de este articulo es, por un lado, evaluar la dependencia de Estados Unidos (EU) en cuanto a sus importaciones de petroleo, y por el otro, las consecuencias regionales que podria significar la declinacion de la produccion y de las exportaciones mexicanas. Mexico podria poner en entredicho la diversificacion buscada por EU y tener otras consecuencias indeseables, como precios mas altos y tensiones bilaterales e inclusive internacionales. Ademas, la caida de las exportaciones petroleras danara las finanzas publicas de Mexico, por lo que la reforma de su sector energetico y la necesidad de atemperar la dependencia del gobierno de los ingresos petroleros mediante una reforma fiscal se volverian inaplazables, a pesar de las fuertes resistencias politicas imperantes.

  14. 77 FR 60103 - Fresh Tomatoes From Mexico: Notice of Preliminary Results of Changed Circumstances Review and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ... de Horticultura Protegida, A.C., Union Agricola Regional de Sonora Productores de Hortalizas Frutas y Legtunbres, and Confederacion Nacional de Productores de Hortalizas, (collectively, ``Mexican tomato growers...

  15. An Identity of Violence: Exploring the Origins of Political Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    175 Centro Studi di Politica Internazionale, International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, and Istituto Affari Internazionali...Quarterly 41, no. 2 (2006): 15–19. 72 Centro Studi di Politica Internazionale, International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, and

  16. Energy consumption of an agricultural an agricultural tractor operating in dynamometer using with diesel and chicken oil biodiesel; Consumo energetico de um trator agricola operando em bancada dinamometrica com oleo diesel e biodiesel de oleo de frango

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fiorese, Diego Augusto [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (FCA/UNESP), Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Ciencias Agronomicas. Dept. de Engenharia Rural], email: dafiorese@yahoo.com.br; Dallmeyer, Arno Udo; Romano, Leonardo Nabaes; Schlosser, Jose Fernando [Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), RS (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The efficiency of energy use in agricultural machinery is dependent on the efficiency of internal combustion diesel cycle, their genuine propellants. However, some biofuels may offer a better yield due to some peculiar characteristics such distinctions in calorific value. Many studies have demonstrated a better utilization of the energy content when operating with biodiesel and with binary mixtures with diesel oil. In this study, tests were conducted on a dynamometer bench to evaluate the energy consumption of a tractor engine with four cylinders and 53 kW (72 hp), operating with biodiesel and chicken oil mixture with diesel oil. In the tests were evaluated six ratios (B5, B20, B40, B60, B80 and B100). The results showed that increasing the proportion of biodiesel was favorable to improve the utilization of the energy content, thus increasing the thermal efficiency of the engine. The best result was obtained with pure biodiesel (B100) with consumption of 395.47 MJ.h{sup -1}and efficiency of 32.35%. On the other hand the witness had the lowest use B5 with 428.20 MJ.h{sup -1} and thermal efficiency of 30.67%. (author)

  17. Soybean biodiesel consumption in agricultural tractor submitted the two forces in the traction bar; Consumo de biodiesel de soja em trator agricola submetido a duas forcas na barra de tracao

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Camara, Felipe T. da [Universidade Federal do Ceara (UFC), Juazeiro do Norte, CE (Brazil)], E-mail: felipe.camara@cariri.ufc.br; Lopes, Afonso; Silva, Rouverson P. da; Oliveira, Melina C.J. de; Torres, Luma S. [Universidade Estadual Paulista (FCAV/UNESP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Ciencias Agrarias e Veterinarias. Dept. de Engenharia Rural

    2009-07-01

    Due to the great development occurred in the world after the Second World War and the establishment of patterns of increasingly intense, the energy demand amounted to the point, putting at risk the non-renewable energy sources such as oil, coal minerals, among others, with growing interest in renewable energies, among which the biodiesel has been detached. In this sense, the present work had for objective to evaluate the fuel consumption of a tractor Valtra BM100 4x2 TDA, running with ethyl biodiesel from soybean filtered in seven mixture proportions mixed with the diesel, subject to two forces in the traction bar. The work was conducted in the Department of Rural Engineering of the Paulista State University (UNESP), Jaboticabal Campus, in an entirely randomized designed, in a factorial diagram 2 x 7, with three repetitions. The treatments were a combination for two forces in the traction bar (10 and 22 kN) and seven mixture proportions (B{sub 0}, B{sub 5}, B{sub 1}5, B{sub 2}5, B{sub 5}0, B{sub 7}5 e B{sub 1}00). The results showed that the addition of up to 25% biodiesel to diesel has not changed the fuel consumption, and the greatest force resulted in greater consumption volume and weight, and lower specific consumption, by better use of the power of the tractor. (author)

  18. Gamma-ray spectrometry applied to agricultural soil in the northwest of the State of Rio de Janeiro; Gamaespectrometria aplicada em solo agricola no noroeste do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Andrea Cristina Lima dos; Nascimento, Carlos Tadeu Carvalho do [Instituto de Geociencias, Universidade de Brasilia, DF (Brazil); Menezes, Paulo de Tarso Luiz, E-mail: andrealima@unb.br, E-mail: carlostadeu@unb.br, E-mail: ptarsomenezes@pq.cnpq.br [Faculdade de Geologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-04-15

    The present work presents the use of gamma-ray spectrometry applied to precision agriculture in a sub-tropical area. Our dataset comprises measurements both in rock and residual soil. The soil dataset shows a reduction of 20% on U and Th and 10% on K, when compared to rock samples. This difference could be related to K supplementation associated to chemical fertilization. (author)

  19. Fields without Borders: An Anthology of Documentary Writing and Photography by Student Action with Farmworkers' Interns = Campos sin Fronteras: Una Antologia de Obras Escritas y Fotografia por Estudiantes Internos de Accion Estudiantil con Trabajadores Agricolas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manly, Libby, Ed.; Okie, Alejandra, Ed.; Wiggins, Melinda, Ed.

    In this booklet, essays and poems, presented both in English and in Spanish, portray the feelings, conditions, and economic plight of migrant and seasonal farmworkers in North and South Carolina, often in their own words. A preface describes Student Action with Farmworkers summer internships in which college students spend 10 weeks working with…

  20. The expansion of ethanol in Brazil and some reflections on the agricultural and energy sectors; A expansao do etanol no Brasil e alguns reflexos no setor agricola e energetico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turdera, Mirko V. [Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados (UFGD), Dourados, MS (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    Next years world and Brazilian ethanol demand will be grow of an eminent way, so players of economical activity must take a position. We know that energy and agriculture sectors that will feel more quickly the changes of the expansion due to ethanol production. Adjustments must come in both sectors, either for the imperious necessity of land losses by agricultural commodities or market losses of gasoline in the transportation sector. This paper presents an evaluation about the changes and challengers that will come in the energy and agricultural sectors as a consequence of voluminous Brazilian and American production of ethanol foreseen for the next years. In our analyse exogenous and endogenous factors are evaluated taking into account correlations between demand of the ethanol and the gasoline and, between the expansion cane crops and other cultures. (author)