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Sample records for polistes dominula christ

  1. The high molecular weight dipeptidyl peptidase IV Pol d 3 is a major allergen of Polistes dominula venom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schiener, Maximilian; Hilger, Christiane; Eberlein, Bernadette

    2018-01-01

    Hymenoptera venom allergy can cause severe anaphylaxis in untreated patients. Polistes dominula is an important elicitor of venom allergy in Southern Europe as well as in the United States. Due to its increased spreading to more moderate climate zones, Polistes venom allergy is likely to gain...... importance also in these areas. So far, only few allergens of Polistes dominula venom were identified as basis for component-resolved diagnostics. Therefore, this study aimed to broaden the available panel of important Polistes venom allergens. The 100 kDa allergen Pol d 3 was identified by mass spectrometry...... and found to be a dipeptidyl peptidase IV. Recombinantly produced Pol d 3 exhibited sIgE-reactivity with approximately 66% of Polistes venom-sensitized patients. Moreover, its clinical relevance was supported by the potent activation of basophils from allergic patients. Cross-reactivity with the dipeptidyl...

  2. Candidate genes for cooperation and aggression in the social wasp Polistes dominula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manfredini, Fabio; Brown, Mark J F; Toth, Amy L

    2018-02-27

    Cooperation and aggression are ubiquitous in social groups, and the genetic mechanisms underlying these behaviours are of great interest for understanding how social group formation is regulated and how it evolves. In this study, we used a candidate gene approach to investigate the patterns of expression of key genes for cooperation and aggression in the brain of a primitively eusocial wasp, Polistes dominula, during colony founding, when multiple foundresses can join the same nest and establish subtle hierarchies of dominance. We used a comparative approach to select candidate genes for cooperation and aggression looking at two previously published studies on global gene expression in wasps and ants. We tested the expression of these genes in P. dominula wasps that were either displaying aggressive behaviour (dominant and single foundresses) or cooperation (subordinate foundresses and workers) towards nestmates. One gene in particular, the egg yolk protein vitellogenin, known for its reproductive role in insects, displayed patterns of expression that strongly matched wasp social rank. We characterize the genomic context of vitellogenin by building a head co-expression gene network for P. dominula, and we discuss a potential role for vitellogenin as a mediator of social interactions in wasps.

  3. Thermoregulation of individual paper wasps ( Polistes dominula) plays an important role in nest defence and dominance battles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Höcherl, Nicole; Tautz, Jürgen

    2015-06-01

    Paper wasps, like Polistes dominula, are considered as primitively eusocial. Hence, they are often used as model species for studies about the evolution of eusociality and dominance hierarchies. However, our knowledge about basic physiological processes in these wasps remains limited. In particular, the thermoregulation of individual wasps in their natural habitat has not yet been investigated in detail. We conducted a comprehensive field study to test their ability to respond to external hazards with elevated thorax temperatures. We presented artificial threats by applying smoke or carbon dioxide simulating fire and predator attacks, respectively, and monitored the thorax temperature of wasps on the nest using infrared thermography. We found that P. dominula workers recognized smoke and CO2 and reacted almost instantaneously and simultaneously with an increase of their thorax temperature. The maximal thorax temperature was reached about 65 s after the application of both stressors, but subsequently, the wasps showed a different behaviour pattern. No rise of the thorax temperature was detectable after an air blast was applied or in wasps resting on the nest. These observations provide evidence that P. dominula is able to heat up its thorax and that thermoregulation is employed in escape and defence reactions. Additionally, we investigated the thorax temperatures of queens during dominance battles. We found that the thorax temperature of the dominant queens rose up to 5 °C compared to that of subordinate queens that attacked the former, suggesting that the dominant queen defends herself as well as her nest.

  4. Genetic diversity and population structure ofPolistes nimphabased on DNA microsatellite markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozyra, K B; Melosik, I; Baraniak, E

    The Eurasiatic Polistes nimpha belongs to primitively eusocial wasps for which no data are available on its population's genetic structure and relatedness/relationships of individuals. The purpose of this research is to determine the amplification efficiency in P. nimpha of microsatellite primers developed for P. dominula and using these primers, to explore genetic diversity, population structure and relatedness/relationship of P. nimpha in the context of its reproductive options. Eight out of twelve microsatellite markers analyzed on 59 individuals (pupae and larvae) were polymorphic (mean PIC = 0.545) and mutated following the stepwise mutation model. The Bayesian clustering method gave the probability of >0.898 of there being 10 clusters within the pooled sample of 15 nests. In two or three nest clusters, full- and/or half-siblings and unrelated individuals occurred. A significant correlation between genetic and geographic distances was detected. There are three main possibilities that come into play to explain our genetic results and direct field observations: cooperative nest foundation, visitations, and/or usurpation events. So far there is no conclusive evidence to exclude or support any of these possibilities.

  5. Polistes olivaceous decreases biotic surface colonization

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PRECIOUS

    2009-12-15

    Dec 15, 2009 ... Polistes olivaceous on oral biotic surface (biofilm) model by means of pH response, population of oral bacteria and enamel .... Another 50 subjects used oral rinses of 0.9% normal saline to serve as a negative control and ... Bacterial count of S. mutans, S. sanguis and S. salivarus in each flow. Bacteria.

  6. Causes of mortality ofPolistes nimphacolonies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozyra, K B; Baraniak, E

    We studied populations of the eusocial paper wasps Polistes nimpha from 2012 to 2014, near Poznań, Poland, to identify the causes of mortality and to analyze changes in the number of active nests during the breeding season (from May to September). Results of the 3-year study showed that the major cause of P. nimpha mortality (51.9 %) in the study areas was the activity of mammals, probably foxes and wild boars. The second major cause of wasp death was ant predation (12 %). Only 11 of the 308 nests (3.6 %) demonstrated a natural colony decline, following the emergence of reproductives.

  7. The circumcision of Jesus Christ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattelaer, Johan J; Schipper, Robert A; Das, Sakti

    2007-07-01

    We study the controversies manifested in religious writings, art, sculpture and music as well as the theological disputes surrounding the circumcision of Jesus Christ. Data are derived from relevant historical and theological articles. Jesus Christ was circumcised as a Jew on the 8th day after his birth. Until 1960 the Catholic church celebrated the day as Circumcision Day. In medieval times the holy foreskin was worshipped in many European churches. Christianity never condoned the ritual of circumcision and established the sacrament of baptism in its place.

  8. CONFORMITY IN CHRIST 1. THE TRANSFORMATION PROCESS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This essay investigates the notion of conformity in Christ as it is part of a compre- hensive, multilayered process of transformation. In the first part it focuses on the process of transformation in creation, re-creation, conformity, love and glory. In the second part it discusses transformation in Christ by looking at conformation and ...

  9. Conformity in Christ | Waaijman | Acta Theologica

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This essay investigates the notion of conformity in Christ as it is part of a comprehensive, multilayered process of transformation. In the first part it focuses on the process of transformation in creation, re-creation, conformity, love and glory. In the second part it discusses transformation in Christ by looking at conformation and ...

  10. The Assurance of CHRIST to His followers

    OpenAIRE

    Asumadu-Sarkodie, Samuel

    2012-01-01

    The Assurance of CHRIST to His followers. Assurance: grk. Hupostasis meaning: full and sustained confidence and trust; unwavering conviction. There is a favourite Ghanaian proverb which says "if a naked man says he will clothe you, listen to him quietly". Before someone could assure you of something, he must be self-reliant or independent. Christ Jesus has assured His followers because He is capable, has done it before, continues to do it and will do it. Isaiah 50:4-9a; talks about the qualif...

  11. The taxonomic position of Saccoloma wercklei Christ

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kramer, K.U.

    1958-01-01

    In 1904, H. Christ described a fern collected by C. Wercklé in Costa Rica as Saccoloma wercklei. It was listed under Saccoloma in Christensen’s Index Filicum (1906), but appeared as a species of doubtful position, perhaps belonging to Ormoloma, in the Third Supplement (1934, p. 170). This was

  12. Mongo Beti's The Poor Christ of Bomba

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-03-28

    Mar 28, 2016 ... promote abolition, this essay explores The Poor Christ of Bomba as a fictional slave narrative that exposes French imperialism by constructing .... inaugural article explores the knotty issue of assimilation as an imperialist strategy. .... assessments of Wheatley seem to ignore her social and historical realities.

  13. Cosmic Christ in a Quantum Universe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohli, Mary Ann

    This study examines the figure of the second American Adam--the cosmic Christ archetype--in terms of a possible shift in the focus of Western consciousness. As science moves closer to religion and as Newtonian dualism gives way to a more holistic theory (in which observer, observed, and process of observation are all intricately interlinked), the cosmic Christ emerges as a symbol in contemporary American fiction of a potentially unified awareness which could reconnect post-Christian man to God, to the world, and to the self. Such a rebirth of unity would be contingent upon the death of a consciousness reliant upon the rational, linear, masculine, left-brained thinking associated with the old Newtonian paradigm. The resurrected consciousness would consolidate Eastern and Western religion by acknowledging the God within man through the Western symbology of the Christ prototype. It would also balance the intuitional with the rational, the cyclical with the linear, the feminine with the masculine, and the right brain with the left. In other words, the repressed elements of the collective Western psyche would be allowed to come to awareness and be integrated into the mind at large. This integrating process is implicit in the cosmic Christ imagery. The novels which are considered are all concerned with the role of consciousness in the postmodern world and the part that science and religion play in determining the nature of that role. In such varied works as Thomas Pynchon's Gravity's Rainbow, John Updike's Roger's Version, Saul Bellow's Herzog, Joan Didion's A Book of Common Prayer, and William Vollmann's The Ice-Shirt, a cosmic Christ figure invariably appears. The success of this figure, however, is ambiguous and uncertain. At best, the transition of consciousness that is achieved is individual rather than communal. Nevertheless, as chaos theory has demonstrated, small changes can bring about major effects. Consequently, both the science of today and the rapid growth

  14. A Nursing Practice Model Based on Christ: The Agape Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckerd, Nancy

    2017-06-07

    Nine out of 10 American adults believe Jesus was a real person, and almost two-thirds have made a commitment to Jesus Christ. Research further supports that spiritual beliefs and religious practices influence overall health and well-being. Christian nurses need a practice model that helps them serve as kingdom nurses. This article introduces the Agape Model, based on the agape love and characteristics of Christ, upon which Christian nurses may align their practice to provide Christ-centered care.

  15. Biological characterization of venom peptides from the neotropical social waps Polistes major major (Dominican Republic)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Slaninová, Jiřina; Fučík, Vladimír; Borovičková, Lenka; Čeřovský, Václav

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 151, S1 (2007), s. 87-89 ISSN 1213-8118. [Pharmacological Days. Czech and Slovak Pharmacological Meeting /57./. Olomouc, 12.09.2007-14.09.2007] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : venom peptides * Polistes major major Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry

  16. Revision of the West Palaearctic Polistes Latreille, with the descriptions of two species – an integrative approach using morphology and DNA barcodes (Hymenoptera, Vespidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Schmid-Egger

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The genus Polistes is revised for the West Palaearctic region based on morphology and DNA barcodes. The revision includes all known West Palaearctic species, raising the number of species in Europe to 14 and to 17 for the West Palaearctic realm. DNA barcodes were recovered from 15 species, 14 of which belong to the subgenus Polistes, and one, P. wattii, to the subgenus Gyrostoma. An integrative taxonomic approach combining morphology and molecular data (DNA barcoding was employed to resolve longstanding taxonomic problems in this group. Two species, P. austroccidentalis van Achterberg & Neumeyer, sp. n. (= P. semenowi auctt. from W and SW Europe and P. maroccanus Schmid-Egger, sp. n. from Morocco are described as new. Polistes bucharensis Erichson, 1849, and P. foederatus Kohl, 1898, were restored from synonymy. The following new synonyms are proposed: P. sulcifer Zimmermann, 1930, and Pseudopolistes sulcifer var. similator Zirngiebl, 1955, under P. semenowi Morawitz, 1889, syn. n.; Polistes iranus Guiglia, 1976, Polistes gallica var. ornata Weyrauch, 1938 and Polistes gallicus muchei Gusenleitner, 1976, under P. bucharensis Erichson, 1849, syn. n.; Polistes omissus var. ordubadensis Zirngiebl, 1955, and P. hellenicus Arens, 2011, under Polistes mongolicus du Buysson, 1911, syn. n. An illustrated key includes all species and additionally three species from the subgenera Aphanilopterus Meunier, 1888 and Gyrostoma Kirby, 1828 (including a Nearctic species recently introduced to Spain and two species occurring in Egypt, the Arabian Peninsula, and SW Asia. A phylogenetic analysis using Bayesian inference provides insights into phylogenetic relationships within the genus Polistes.

  17. Aspectos bionômicos da vespa social Neotropical Polistes canadensis canadensis (Linnaeus (Hymenoptera, Vespidae Bionomics aspects of the Neotropical social wasp Polistes canadensis canadensis (Linnaeus (Hymenoptera, Vespidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana de Oliveira Torres

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Aspectos bionômicos da vespa social Neotropical Polistes canadensis canadensis (Linnaeus (Hymenoptera, Vespidae. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar alguns aspectos bionômicos da vespa social neotropical Polistes canadensis canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758. Vinte e seis colônias foram acompanhadas entre abril de 2004 e julho de 2006, no município de Mundo Novo, estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, região Centro-Oeste do Brasil. Os resultados encontrados nesse estudo sugerem que o padrão fenológico de Polistes canadensis canadensis é assincrônico nessa região, com fundações e abandonos podendo ocorrer o ano todo. A duração média dos estágios imaturos foi diferente entre as estações climáticas fria-seca e úmida-quente. Diferentes substratos foram escolhidos para nidificação, contudo em ambientes que forneceram condições físicas mais homogêneas durante o dia foram encontradas as maiores freqüências de sucesso. Colônias nessa espécie são fundadas por haplometrose ou pleometrose, no entanto, o sucesso tem sido maior para colônias pleometróticas.Certain aspects of the bionomics of the Neotropical social wasp Polistes canadensis canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758 were studied. Twenty-six colonies were observed from April 2004 through July 2006, in the municipal district of Mundo Novo, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, central-Brazil. The results suggest that the colony phenological pattern of this species is asynchronous, and colonies may be founded or abandoned at any time of the year. The mean duration of the immature stages differed between the cold-dry and warm-rainy seasons. Colonies were founded on several different kinds of substrates, but were more successful in environments that provided more-homogeneous physical conditions during the day. Colonies in this species are founded by haplometrosis or pleometrosis, and pleometrotic colonies were more successful.

  18. Sociogenetic structure of Polistes (Aphanilopterus versicolor Olivier, 1791 colonies (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Polistini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keize Nagamati Junior

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The observation of two distinct, well-defined oviposition areas in nests of the primitively eusocial wasp Polistes versicolor suggests the presence of multiple egg-layers and territorial behaviors. Electrophoretic analysis of enzyme loci in pupae from 35 colonies revealed an average observed heterozygosity of 0.10 and the existence of private polymorphisms, thereby indicating a low dispersion in this species. No evidence of diploid males was found. Phenotypic segregation analysis revealed the presence of more than one egg-laying female in 15 out of 35 colonies, as well as spatially preferential oviposition in 2 out of 13 nests, with distinct oviposition areas. Genetic relatedness estimates for brood were lower than expected for haplodiploid species under monogynous conditions (r = 0.75 for female broods and r = 0.5 for male in 4 of those 13 nests, thereby inferring complex sociogenetic structuring in Polistes versicolor colonies.

  19. Which immunotherapy product is better for patients allergic to Polistes venom? A laboratory and clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savi, Eleonora; Incorvaia, Cristoforo; Boni, Elisa; Mauro, Marina; Peveri, Silvia; Pravettoni, Valerio; Quercia, Oliviero; Reccardini, Federico; Montagni, Marcello; Pessina, Laura; Ridolo, Erminia

    2017-01-01

    Venom immunotherapy (VIT) is highly effective in preventing allergic reactions to insect stings, but the appropriate venom must be used to achieve clinical protection. In patients with multiple positive results to venoms, molecular allergy diagnostics or CAP-inhibition may identify the causative venom. Concerning allergy to venom from Polistes spp. it has been proposed that only the European species P. dominulus should be used for VIT. However, this recommendation is not present in any international guideline. Using both laboratory and clinical data, we aimed to evaluate the reliability of this proposal. We performed an in vitro study using CAP-inhibition to determine sensitization of 19 patients allergic to Polistes venom. The clinical study included 191 patients with positive tests to Polistes treated with VIT, 102 were treated with P. dominulus and 89 were treated with a mix of American Polistes (mAP). The difference in % of inhibition was significant concerning inhibition of P. dominulus sIgE by P. dominulus venom (79.8%) compared with inhibition by mAP venom (64.2%) and not significant concerning the inhibition of mAP sIgE by P. dominulus venom (80.1%) and by mAP venom (73.6%). Instead, the clinical protection from stings was not statistically different between the two kinds of venom. The data from CAP inhibition would suggest that the choice of either P. dominulus venom or mAP venom for VIT is appropriate in patients with CAP inhibition higher than 70%, but the clinical data show the same odds of protection from stings using for VIT P. dominulus or mAP venom.

  20. A doxology to Christ (Rev. 1:5e-6

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. C. de Smidt

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Revelation 1:5e-6 is a doxology, an eulogy on the characteristics (attributes of Christ. Christ’s churches celebrate the enduring love of Christ, who by a once-and-for-all historical act redeemed them from enslavement to sin. Through this redemptive achievement Christ obtained royal and priestly prerogatives for believers in the present. The meaning of this doxology is investigated from a “heilgeschichtlich” and covenantal context. The acts of Christ are framed by the acts of God; God thus is the “Principium Essendi”. The point of departure in this article is that an ontological relationship exists between the theologia naturalis and the theologia supra- naturalis in the final phase of God’s kingdom.

  1. The Ministry of Christ Embassy, Lagos. Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.A. Falaye

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The ministry of Christ Embassy is one of the fastest growing indigenous churches in Nigeria. The Church is quite attractive to the youths and has grown in bounds all over the country, especially in the Southern part of Nigeria. On the strength of its wide spread coverage, and the age group that the church attracts, the writer is of the opinion that highlighting her activities would be of benefit to church historians and others in church ministry. The writer employed both historical and sociological methodology in his article. It is recommended that the founder of the church should make attempt to translate his sermons and other materials to main languages in Nigeria. The advantage is that the church would be able to reach out to several others. In addition, there is the need for openness especially in the area of financial management in the church. The financial aspect is said to be locked-in between the leadership. It is noted by the writer that such transparency would build greater confidence in others who may desire to join the church in future.

  2. Identity with Jesus Christ: the case of Leon Gabor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capps, Donald

    2010-12-01

    From July 1, 1959 to August 15, 1961, Milton Rokeach studied three male patients at Ypsilanti State Hospital who believed that they were Jesus Christ. They met regularly together with Rokeach and his research staff, a procedure designed to challenge their delusional systems. He believed that Leon Gabor, the youngest of the three, would be the most likely to abandon his delusional beliefs. Instead, Leon met the challenges that the procedure posed by creative elaborations of his delusional system, especially through the adoption of a new name that gave the initial appearance of the abandonment of his Christ identity but in fact drew on aspects of the real Jesus Christ's identity that were missing from his earlier self-representation.

  3. Images of Christ's Saving Work in Ps.-Epiphanius' Homilies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. F. Stander

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Images of Christ's Saving Work in Ps.-Epiphanius' Homilies. One cannot really speak of a systematic theology on the subject of atone-ment in the patristic writers. Frances Young once said that 'it is in fact impossible to categorize neatly the thought of the major patristic writers on the subject of atonement'. She adds that one cannot do justice to the range of motifs and images that are found in describing the saving and atoning work of Christ if we merely dismember 'systematic theologies' to illustrate common soteriological themes. One can only appreciate patristic views of atonement if one begins by recognizing the multifaceted unity of imagery that pervades the literature. This then is the goal of this article: to discuss the rich images which Ps: -Epiphanius uses to describe the atoning work of Christ.

  4. Towards a poetics of decolonization: Mongo Beti's The Poor Christ ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Just as slave narratives exposed the brutality of slavery as a means to promote abolition, this essay explores The Poor Christ of Bomba as a fictional slave narrative that exposes French imperialism by constructing a discourse of resistance that is bound to serve as a path to decolonization. Keywords: discourse of resistance, ...

  5. Composition and Physicochemical Properties of Starch from Christ ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Starch was extracted from seeds of Christ Thorn by hot water extraction method. The composition and physicochemical properties of the extracted starch were determined using standard methods. The results obtained from the analyses revealed that the % yield of starch was 43.2%, while moisture content, ash content, ...

  6. composition and physicochemical properties of starch from christ

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thompson O. Izuagie

    Starch was extracted from seeds of Christ Thorn by hot water extraction method. The composition and physicochemical properties of the extracted starch were determined using standard methods. The results obtained from the analyses revealed that the % yield of starch was 43.2%, while moisture content, ash content, ...

  7. Reproductive potentials of a tropical fern Cyclosorus afer (Christ ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Reroductive potentials of Cyclosorus afer (Christ.) Ching a tropical fern was studied. Propagation by the spores of this plant was therefore investigated. The aim was to determine the ability of early germination of these spores using nutrient (growth) agar. The experimental site was the Reforestation unit of the Department of ...

  8. [Christ as a pharmacist, according to Martin Luther].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steiger, Johann Anselm

    2003-07-01

    This condition has been stimulated by the latest study written by Fitz Krafft concerning the motif "Jesus Christ as a pharmacist", which was frequently used in Christian art. It is shown that this motif, fully developed in the first third of the 17th century, originated in the theology of Martin Luther.

  9. the postfigurative christ in morley callaghan's such is my beloved

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Symbolic Christ figures, i.e. characters whose lives to greatly varying extents mir- ror those of Jesus of Nazareth without being fully fledged allegories thereof, were frequently employed as fictional devices in nineteenth- and twentieth-century lite- rature as means of expressing diverse qualities, lessons, mores, and values in ...

  10. "Christ transforming culture"? Nagedink oor die aard van die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The essay pays tribute to the honoree by reflecting on the nature of the Reformed faith and tradition, in which he was called to play a leading role during challenging times. It takes its departure in H. Richard Niebuhr's well-known claim that the Reformed faith represents a form of "Christ transforming culture" Christianity, ...

  11. The postfigurative Christ in "Morley Callaghan's" such is my beloved ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    One esteemed literary artist who made use of this technique was the Canadian liberal Roman Catholic layman Morley Callaghan (1903-1990). In his novel of 1934, Such Is My Beloved, the protagonist, a gifted young priest in a major city, is a latter-day reflection of Christ. In this embodiment, Social Gospel aspects of ...

  12. Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome with cleft palate, absent nipples ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We report a 6 year old child, second in order of birth of non consanguineous Egyptian parents with typical characteristics of Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome. The patient had sparse light hair over the scalp, scanty eyebrows and eyelashes, a high arched cleft palate, decayed oligodontic teeth, hyperpigmentation all over ...

  13. christ's crucifixion as a medico-historical event 1. introduction

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Samaritan historian, Thallos, who links Christ's Passion with a solar eclipse of the year 29. However, Kuhn (1982:663) has demonstrated that it is difficult to verify the historicity of Thallos's fragmentary writings. Flavius Josephus, a 1st century Jewish historian, describes Jesus' death and resurrection in his Testimonium ...

  14. Description and biological notes of the first species of Xenos (Strepsiptera:Stylopidae) parasitic in Polistes carnifex F. (Hymenoptera:Vespidae) in Mexico

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kathirithamby, J.; Hughes, David P.

    2006-01-01

    A description and biological notes on the first species of Xenos (X. hamiltoni) (Strepsiptera: Stylopidae) parasitic in Polistes carnifex F. from Mexico is given. A list of Strepsiptera and their hosts from Mexico is provided.......A description and biological notes on the first species of Xenos (X. hamiltoni) (Strepsiptera: Stylopidae) parasitic in Polistes carnifex F. from Mexico is given. A list of Strepsiptera and their hosts from Mexico is provided....

  15. The Miller Revival (1831-1844): Waiting for Christ Return...

    OpenAIRE

    Fábio Augusto Darius

    2014-01-01

    The Baptist farmer William Miller, in solitary study — equipped with Cruden’s Concordance and his King James Bible — started a great movement of revival in the United States. According to their calculations, Christ literally returns in the sky between March 1843 and March 1844. Great was the disappointment of their fans when the expected does not happen. The article discusses the concepts of Miller on the books of Daniel and Revelation, key to understanding the historical ev...

  16. Bellini's Mother of God with infant Christ in Dobrota

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brajović Saša

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In the parochial church of Saint Matthew in Dobrota, there is a preserved painting by Giovanni Bellini and his workshop, The Mother of God with the Infant Christ. In the iconographic sense it is customary: a bust of Mary with the little Christ in her arms, a parapet in the foreground, green drapery and a landscape in the background. The motif of the parapet indicates the separation of the holy figures from the earthly world. However, this border is not strong: the emotional closeness between the Mother and the Child is transferred into the everyday world of mortals. The parapet is also an association with the Holy Altar. It expresses the Eucharistie, sacramental role of Christ and the Mother of God. The idea about the Mother as the tabernacle of God is underscored by the motif of the curtain. The landscape in the background makes the painting especially valuable. The softness and transparency that characterize it point to a possibility that Bellini created this painting at the end of the 15th or the beginning of the 16th century, at the time when he was under the influence of the Arcadian circle from Asolo. The landscape on the painting is passage moralize, because all the elements - the tower, the garden, the spring, goats, swans - are clearly symbols of the Mother of God. This altar painting, purchased by an unknown native of the Boka Kotorska Bay, and brought back to his birthplace, proves that the spirit of the renaissance also touched the southeastern coast of the Adriatic.

  17. the spirit of the body of christ: the holy spirit's indwelling in the church

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    presence of Christ who indwells his body. ..... 12:12). Both belong intrinsically together. They are one and the same God in action. Now that Christ is in heaven, his Spirit is his own presence on earth and we must view the Spirit in this perspective: no ..... Christians are called to celebrate the Eucharist, in memory of the death.

  18. Christ Siemens Touraine syndrome: Two case reports and felicitous approaches to prosthetic management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renahan, Navanith; Raj, Renju; Varma, R Balagopal; Kumar, J Suresh

    2015-01-01

    Ectodermal dysplasia is a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders, which exhibit a classic triad of hypohydrosis, hypotrichosis, and hypodontia. Hypohidrotic or anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia or Christ Siemens Touraine syndrome is the most common condition among ectodermal dysplasia patients. This is a case report on two Christ Siemens Touraine syndrome cases and two different approaches to prosthetic management.

  19. Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome with palmoplantar keratoderma: A rare association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kothiwala, Sunil K; Prajapat, Mahesh; Kuldeep, C M

    2016-01-01

    Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome is a form of anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (ED) characterized by triad of hypodontia, hypotrichosis, and hypohidrosis. Palmoplantar keratoderma is a characteristic feature of hidrotic forms of ED. Till date, only two cases have been reported of Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome with palmoplantar keratoderma; here we report a similar case emphasizing this rare association.

  20. Sensational Piety: Practices of Mediation in Christ Embassy and NASFAT in Abuja

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ibrahim, M.

    2017-01-01

    This thesis studies Christ Embassy and NASFAT within a single comparative framework in the city of Abuja. Christ Embassy is one of the major Pentecostal churches that are rapidly growing in Nigerian urban centres. NASFAT was established in Lagos in the mid 1990s as a Muslims response to the

  1. Genetic structure of an introduced paper wasp, Polistes chinensis antennalis (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) in New Zealand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuchida, Koji; Kudô, Kazuyuki; Ishiguro, Norio

    2014-08-01

    Several eusocial wasps are prominent invaders to remote islands. The paper wasp Polistes chinensis antennalis is native to East Asia, was introduced to New Zealand in 1979 and has expanded its distribution there. This provides an excellent opportunity to examine the impacts of an initial bottleneck and subsequent expansion on genetic structure. We analysed and compared the genetic population structures of the native (Japan and South Korea) and invasive New Zealand populations. Although 94% of individuals had shared haplotypes detected across both populations, the remaining 6% had private haplotypes identified in only one of the three countries. The genetic variation at microsatellite loci was lower in New Zealand than in native countries, and the genetic structure in New Zealand was clearly distinct from that in its native range. Higher frequencies of diploid-male- and triploid-female-producing colonies were detected in New Zealand than in the native countries, showing the reduction in genetic variation via a genetic bottleneck. At least two independent introductions were suggested, and the putative source regions for New Zealand were assigned as Kanto (central island) and Kyushu (south island) in Japan. Serial founder events following the initial introduction were also indicated. The estimated dispersal distance between mother and daughter in New Zealand was twice that in Japan. Thus, the introduction history of P. chinensis antennalis in New Zealand is probably the result of at least two independent introductions, passing through a bottleneck during introduction, followed by population expansion from the point of introduction. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Geographic variation in the status signals of Polistes dominulus paper wasps.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth A Tibbetts

    Full Text Available Understanding intraspecific geographic variation in animal signals poses a challenging evolutionary problem. Studies addressing geographic variation typically focus on signals used in mate-choice, however, geographic variation in intrasexual signals involved in competition is also known to occur. In Polistes dominulus paper wasps, females have black facial spots that signal dominance: individuals wasps with more complex 'broken' facial patterns are better fighters and are avoided by rivals. Recent work suggests there is dramatic geographic variation in these visual signals of quality, though this variation has not been explicitly described or quantified. Here, we analyze variation in P. dominulus signals across six populations and explore how environmental conditions may account for this variation. Overall, we found substantial variation in facial pattern brokenness across populations and castes. Workers have less broken facial patterns than gynes and queens, which have similar facial patterns. Strepsipteran parasitism, body size and temperature are all correlated with the facial pattern variation, suggesting that developmental plasticity likely plays a key role in this variation. First, the extent of parasitism varies across populations and parasitized individuals have lower facial pattern brokenness than unparasitized individuals. Second, there is substantial variation in body size across populations and a weak but significant relationship between facial pattern brokenness and body size. Wasps from populations with smaller body size (e.g. Italy tend to have less broken facial patterns than wasps from populations with larger body size (e.g. New York, USA. Third, there is an apparent association between facial patterns and climate, with wasp from cooler locations tending to have higher facial pattern brokenness than wasps from warmer locations. Additional experimental work testing the causes and consequences of facial pattern variation will be

  3. THE THEME OF THE CRUCIFIXION OF CHRIST IN VISUAL ARTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian STOLERIU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Crucifixion of Christ is one of the major Biblical events in the context of the four Gospels, also marking one of the most frequently met themes in the iconography of Christian art. The focus of the paper is to underline the main aspects of the visual representation of this tense moment in the history of Christianity, referring to representative works of the artistic heritage inspired by the event of Christ’s death on the cross. Thus, a number of famous works of art history are analyzed in relation to the described composition, the represented characters and their importance. They belong both to traditional artistic fields, such as painting, to modern ones, thus taking into account some of the most popular film representations on this topic.

  4. Christ siemens touraine syndrome: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Retnakumari

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Christ-Siemens-Touraine (CST is a rare hereditary disorder of X-linked recessive trait, characterized by abnormal development of two or more structures or tissues of ectodermal origin. The common clinical findings include hypodontia, hypohydrosis, hypotrichosis, and onychodysplasia. Although hypodontia is common, anodontia is a rare feature. Most of the patients are suffering from social rejection and consequent psychological trauma because of the facial dysmorphism and absence of multiple teeth. Oral rehabilitation is of prime importance for such patients. This article presents a case in a 5½-year-old boy presenting with altered manifestations affecting almost all the ectodermal structures like skin, hair, nails, teeth, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, salivary glands, mammary glands, and tear glands. He also had complete anodontia and dry mouth. A multidisciplinary treatment was given to the patient with the collaboration of various health professionals. The child gained confidence and was relieved from the psychological impact following the prosthetic rehabilitation.

  5. Christ Siemens Touraine syndrome: A rare case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Retnakumari, N; Varghese, Manuja; Kannan, V P

    2016-01-01

    Christ-Siemens-Touraine (CST) is a rare hereditary disorder of X-linked recessive trait, characterized by abnormal development of two or more structures or tissues of ectodermal origin. The common clinical findings include hypodontia, hypohydrosis, hypotrichosis, and onychodysplasia. Although hypodontia is common, anodontia is a rare feature. Most of the patients are suffering from social rejection and consequent psychological trauma because of the facial dysmorphism and absence of multiple teeth. Oral rehabilitation is of prime importance for such patients. This article presents a case in a 5½-year-old boy presenting with altered manifestations affecting almost all the ectodermal structures like skin, hair, nails, teeth, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, salivary glands, mammary glands, and tear glands. He also had complete anodontia and dry mouth. A multidisciplinary treatment was given to the patient with the collaboration of various health professionals. The child gained confidence and was relieved from the psychological impact following the prosthetic rehabilitation.

  6. Consuming the Body of Christ in John Calvin’s Eucharistic Theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Drobot

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary Western scholars commenting on Calvin usually concentrate on his use of the concept of communion with Christ as a communion which takes effect solely through the means of grace. The author of this article, however, examines Calvin’s views through the prism of his idea of divine sovereignty - an integral part of his theology. This necessarily diminishes the theological basis for the incarnation, and this comes out clearly in the way Calvin discusses a type of communion with Christ in the Old Testament and outside the Eucharistic sacrament. Primarily, Calvin views the Eucharist as a vivid narrative centering on Christ and His Sacrifice, and only secondarily as an independent reality. The author argues that Calvin did not think that the faithful received the concrete body of Christ in both soul and body during Holy Communion. Calvin’s doctrine of Eucharistic consummation is confined to a spiritual dimension and his use of a kind of realism when discussing the Eucharist should be figuratively understood as a use of metonymy. When Calvin speaks about the Body of Christ in the context of the Eucharist, he metonymically means the life-giving grace of Christ. The Body of Christ is seen by Calvin as a type of conduit which transfers Christ’s spiritual gifts or graces to the faithful. Calvin’s rare statements about the transformation of the body of the communicant should be understood in an eschatological perspective as referring to the resurrection of the body on the Last Day.

  7. Antimicrobial activity of analogues of a peptide isolated from venom glands of social wasps Polistes major major inhabiting the Dominican Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ježek, Rudolf; Šebestík, Jaroslav; Šafařík, Martin; Borovičková, Lenka; Fučík, Vladimír; Čeřovský, Václav; Slaninová, Jiřina

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 14, č. 8 (2008), s. 99-99 ISSN 1075-2617. [European Peptide Symposium /30./. 31.08.2008-05.09.2008, Helsinki] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : peptides from venom glands * Polistes major * synthesis and antimicrobial activity * analogues Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry

  8. Les reconstructions de la vie de Jésus-Christ en aire maya

    OpenAIRE

    Colazo-Simon, Antonia; Geslin, Stéphanie; Reyes, Éric; Le Guen, Olivier

    2011-01-01

    Les histoires mayas de Jésus-Christ Les recueils de tradition orale maya enregistrent au fil des terrains l’occurrence de l’histoire de Jésus-Christ dans plusieurs ethnies mayas, à différents moments du xxe siècle, et sous des formes stylistiques distinctes. L’aspect le plus frappant de ces versions est la pluralité des noms concurrents que porte Jésus-Christ selon le lieu de recueil : si Jesukristo est employé chez les Yucatèques, les Tzeltal, les Tzotzil, les K’iche’, les Mam ou encore les ...

  9. Les reconstructions de la vie de Jésus-Christ en aire maya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphanie Geslin

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Les histoires mayas de Jésus-Christ Les recueils de tradition orale maya enregistrent au fil des terrains l’occurrence de l’histoire de Jésus-Christ dans plusieurs ethnies mayas, à différents moments du xxe siècle, et sous des formes stylistiques distinctes. L’aspect le plus frappant de ces versions est la pluralité des noms concurrents que porte Jésus-Christ selon le lieu de recueil : si Jesukristo est employé chez les Yucatèques, les Tzeltal, les Tzotzil, les K’iche’, les Mam ou encore les ...

  10. A Christological approach to poverty in Africa: Following Christ amidst the needy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter Verster

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The serious challenges posed by poverty in Africa call for a new approach. A Christological approach to these issues inspires hope. A Christology from above, or ‘high’ Christology, has much to offer regarding God’s looking after humanity. Christ as the one for others humbled himself to give a life of fullness to the poorest and most ill, thereby bringing hope both for this life and for eternity. The approach followed should not lead to the exclusion of people, but rather to an endeavour to meet the challenge of brokenness. In societies where there is no hope left, the Christ of the wounded leads the way to new healing. Christ, verily God and verily human brings us before him in our totality, to be involved in all the needs of the community. The church should be the hands, feet and eyes of Christ for the needy.

  11. FOOLISHNESS FOR CHRIST, LOVE AND MATERNITY IN LUDMILA ULITSKAYA'S PLAY "THE SEVEN SAINTS"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moteyunaite I. V.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a new understanding of such a complex cultural phenomenon as foolishness for Christ through the example of Ludmila Ulitskaya's historical play "The Seven Saints". The author shows that the hero of the 1990's became a blessed woman (a God's fool, who neither sets an optimistic example nor gives faith in the triumph of spirit, but who can only die with dignity, following Christ's way and His final sacrifice.

  12. Knighthoods of christ: Essays on the history of the crusades and the knights Templar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fonnesberg-Schmidt, Iben

    2008-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Knighthoods of Christ: Essays on the History of the Crusades and the Knights Templar. Presented to Malcolm Barber, ed. Norman Housley (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007; pp. xxiii + 257. £55). Udgivelsesdato: 2008......Anmeldelse af Knighthoods of Christ: Essays on the History of the Crusades and the Knights Templar. Presented to Malcolm Barber, ed. Norman Housley (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007; pp. xxiii + 257. £55). Udgivelsesdato: 2008...

  13. The Second Christ, Saint Francis of Assisi and ecological consciousness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrik Viviers

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Even though the life stories of Jesus and the so-called second Christ, Francis of Assisi, incline to the fantastical, their value for a modern ecological consciousness is defendable. Behind Francis� personification of nature and his mystical experiences of nature lie an intuitive sense of interconnectedness and interdependence, of being fully part of the natural web of life (confirmed by empirical science. The same is true of the immanence of Jesus. Religious figures like Francis and Jesus can provide a sound moral attitude towards caring for the natural world, but attitudes need to be informed by scientific knowledge to act ecologically correct. A partnership between attitudes and knowledge hopefully contains good news for a sustainable �green� planet.Intradisciplinary and/or�interdisciplinary�implications: Ecological hermeneutics (part of liberation theology or hermeneutics challenges traditional theologies� often anthropocentric bias in the intra-disciplinary arena. It respects the interconnectedness or interdependence of human and non-human life, including the non-organic, empirically substantiated by natural science. This shared realisation allows for a fruitful inter-disciplinary discourse with science to address the global ecological crisis.

  14. Social paper wasps as bioindicators: a preliminary research with Polistes dominulus (Hymenoptera Vespidae) as a trace metal accumulator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urbini, A; Sparvoli, E; Turillazzi, S

    2006-07-01

    The wasps of the genus Polistes (paper wasps), have a worldwide distribution and are widespread in human-built areas. Like other social wasps, they are at the top of food chains and are therefore exposed to the dangers of biomagnification, given that the larvae are fed predominantly with prey that consist of herbivorous insects. The larval faeces, larval fecal masses, in the form of a semi-solid ball, are made up of the residues of the diet of the larva, which are emitted and compressed on the floor of the cell during the larval metamorphosis. Larval fecal masses may accumulate lead (up to 36 times with respect to the adult body), therefore they were used as substrate for the analysis. From the analysis of sample nests of Polistes dominulus in various sites of the urban area of Florence, it emerges that the larval fecal masses are an analytical substrate with which it is possible to distinguish zones with differing degrees of lead pollution. The lead concentration measured in the larval fecal masses turns out to be directly correlated with vehicle traffic density, the main lead source in Florence when the survey was carried out. The notable increase in the lead concentration of larval fecal masses from the rural to the urban nest (11.15 times), in contrast with the much more limited level of pupae (4.39 times), seems to indicate the efficiency of the excretion and/or barrier mechanisms. These wasps seem to be a promising species for biomonitoring lead pollution in order to better understand its dynamics in anthropic ecosystems after the progressive diffusion of unleaded gasoline.

  15. Le Christ médiateur: L’unicité et l’universalité de la médiation salvifique du Christ Jésus suivant Thomas d’Aquin

    OpenAIRE

    Emery, Gilles

    2013-01-01

    Chez Thomas d'Aquin (+1274), la conception du Christ Jésus comme médiateur unique et universel du salut se fonde dans la doctrine de l'union hypostatique et de la plénitude de grâce du Christ; elle implique l'efficience instrumentale de l'agir humain du Christ et son rôle de donateur de l'Esprit Saint. In the thought of Thomas Aquinas (d. 1274), the understanding of Jesus Christ as the one and universal mediator of salvation is founded in the doctrines of the hypostatic union and of ...

  16. Theological and Dogmatic Definition of the God-Man Jesus Christ Person

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bugiulescu Marian

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper presents the Theological and Dogmatic definition of the Person of the God-man Jesus Christ, as it has been formulated by the Orthodox Church in the course of time. In the Ecumenical and local synods, the Church proclaimed against the heresies various definitions of faith or dogmas. Dogma, in its essence, is a truth of faith revealed by God, unchangeable, formulated and transmitted by the Church, for man’s salvation. The central dogma of Christianity is the Trinitarian one. Regarding the Person and the Work of Christ, against the heresies promoted by Arius, Nestorius, Eutychius and Macedonius, at the Ecumenical Synods III (Ephesus 431, IV (Chalcedon 451, VI (Constantinople 680-681, the Church officially stated that Jesus Christ is truly God and truly Man, and His Person includes the divine nature, from eternity, yet united in time with the human nature, each nature having its own will, and the human will follows the divine will. This union of the divinity with the humanity in Christ is actually the basis of man’s salvation realized objectively in Christ and actualized personally by all the Christians in the Church, by means of which evil and death are defeated by the resurrection leading to eternal life.

  17. Contemplative investigation into Christ consciousness with Heart Prayer and HeartMath practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen D. Edwards

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available An exploratory pilot study with a small homogenous sample of Christian English speaking participants (four men and four women, with a mean age of 48 and age range from 27 to 70 years provided support for an alternative research hypothesis that a Christ consciousness contemplation with Heart Prayer of HeartMath techniques was significantly associated with  increasing psychophysiological coherence, sense of coherence, spirituality and health perceptions. Participants described feelings of a peaceful place in oneness and connection with Christ. Integrative findings point towards Christ consciousness as an ultimately non-dual process of sensing vibrational resonance radiating from the human heart. Implications for further research are discussed.

  18. Fromleik i Black Supper, Piss Christ og Crucifixion, tre fotografi av Andres Serrano

    OpenAIRE

    Vinje, Lilly

    2006-01-01

    Oppgåva skal omhandla tre utvalgte foto av fotografen Andres Serrano, ein amerikanar født i 1950. Enkeltbileta det er snakk om er Black Supper (1990), Piss Christ og Crucifixion (begge 1987). Dei er laga ved at kitschfigurar er nedsenka i gjennomsiktige behaldarar fyllte av kroppsvæsker og vatn; vatn i Black Supper, urin i Piss Christ og blod i Crucifixion. Henholdsvis framstiller dei Nattverden, Jesus på krossen og Krossfestinga (tre figurar). Serrano befinn seg med desse innanfor religiøs k...

  19. The Rural Cooperative in China under the Governance of the Christ Ethic Value

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiliang Wu

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Based on the analysis on the basic information, problems and characters of rural cooperative in China, the paper finds that the cooperative governance by the blood, institution should be changed into the governance by civil ethic. We compare the relation between Christ ethic and the rural cooperative in China and find the close relation between them. The cooperation, equality and devotion in cooperatives are also shown in Christ. With the case of the cooperatives found by Chinese Christians, we also find that the belief in China should be of freedom, the traditional ethic should be innovated and the religions could promote the daily public good affairs without the political intervention.

  20. Jesus Christ Superstar: The Medium and the Message. A Guide for Religious Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landry, Carey; And Others

    Commentary, interpretation, and suggestions for using available resources for consideration and presentation of "Jesus Christ Superstar" to religious education groups are presented. In addition, there are suggestions for integrating the large variety of existing audiovisual material and contemporary music into a religious education program about…

  1. “Who is Christ for us today?” Bonhoeffer's question for the church ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    How can a theology thinking about the church learn from Bonhoeffer's famous and oft repeated question of who Jesus Christ is for us today? The article attempts to answer this question by tracing Bonhoeffer's theological concerns that led him to ask this question in what he called a religionless age. In the first section of the ...

  2. The Christ Army Church and Socio-Cultural Changes in Khana ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This is a study on Christ Army Church and socio-cultural changes in Khana Local Government of Ogoniland in Rivers State. It is aimed at examining the role of an African Independent Church in social change. To achieve this set goal, the writer has used the historical, sociological and theological approaches. Theologically ...

  3. A postmodern Christology with Christ but without the Son of God?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    through his cultural-political hermeneutics of tradition, unfolds his christology as a fourfold christology in which. Christ designates an intersubjective, socio-historical force for reconciliatory emancipation. Finally, his chris- tological interpretation is critically compared by means of formal similarities with that of the German New ...

  4. How much do we really know about the lives of early Christ followers ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We know very little about the everyday life of Christ believers in the first years. What can be extrapolated from other ancient sources must be combined with the minimal evidence from Christian sources. The two major rituals, baptism and Eucharist, may have been celebrated quite differently than we imagine. The lives of ...

  5. How much do we really know about the lives of early Christ followers?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    2011-06-07

    Jun 7, 2011 ... We know very little about the everyday life of Christ believers in the first years. What can be extrapolated from other ancient sources must be combined with the minimal evidence from. Christian sources. The two major rituals, baptism and Eucharist, may have been celebrated quite differently than we ...

  6. Text and Context: "The Passion of the Christ" and Other Jesus Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilmour, Peter

    2005-01-01

    This article approaches the immense popularity of Mel Gibson's 2004 film, "The Passion of the Christ" as a significant artifact in the contemporary public, cultural curriculum, and a unique opportunity for religious educators to build on its notoriety. Five interrelated contexts are identified and explored to assist religious educators more deeply…

  7. The resurrection as Christ's entry into his glory (Lk. 24:26) | de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    resurrection as Christ's entry into his glory (Lk. 24:26) in order to point out its mystical nature. After a discussion of some recent developments in research on Luke's Christology and apocalyptic literature, the importance of glory in Early Jewish and Christian apocalypses is discussed. This is followed by an explanation of the ...

  8. the resurrection as christ's entry into his glory (lk. 24:26)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This essay discusses some apocalyptic perspectives on Luke's portrayal of the resurrection as Christ's entry into his glory (Lk. 24:26) in order to point out its mystical nature. After a discussion of some recent developments in research on Luke's. Christology and apocalyptic literature, the importance of glory in Early Jewish ...

  9. The Death of a Rhetorical Vision: Disciples of Christ and Social Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hensley, Carl Wayne

    The Disciples of Christ, an indigenous American religious movement born on the frontier, grew rapidly until early in the twentieth century. Its growth was based on a rhetorical vision that offered a plausible interpretation of the data of the senses and accounted for developments in human activity and conditions. That rhetorical vision was linked…

  10. Students Serving Christ: Understanding the Role of Student Subcultures on a College Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magolda, Peter; Ebben, Kelsey

    2007-01-01

    This article uses the Students Serving Christ student organization to examine the role of student subcultures in higher education. Using subculture theories, this article examines the origins of student subcultures, explores how subcultures are formed and sustained, reveals what counts as normal within and among student subcultures, investigates…

  11. [European paintings entitled "Jesus Christ as Pharmacist" in the Middle Ages and later].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okuda, J

    2001-01-01

    Ninety-eight pictures painted in the Middle Ages and later entitled "Christ as Pharmacist" are shown in a little German book (W. H. Hein, Christus als Apotheker, Govi-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, 1974). In the three paintings shown here, Christ appears as a pharmacist standing behind a pharmacy table used to compound medicine, and he has a medicinal balance in his left hand. The Christian terms, such as faith, love, and hope, and the drug's name are written on each of the drug vase labels. It seems that the purpose of displaying these paintings in a pharmacy was both to propagate Christianity to the poor who bought medicine at their family pharmacy and to win their respect for the pharmacist.

  12. The cross of Christ and sexual violence against women in war contexts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Consuelo Vélez

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The legitimacy of the suffering of women as God’s will has been a reality expressed in many instances, including war contexts where sexual violence against women is used as a weapon of war. In this horizon, this article seeks to propose a feminist reading of the cross of Christ, seeking to contrast violence against women’s body with the theory of atonement of our sins by Christ. We start our reflection of the women’s experience in the context of Colombia's war and, in a second moment, we interpret that reality with feminist Christological reflection of several authors who have opened the way for the recovery of the dignity and worth of women. All this allows us to conclude on the urgent commitment to a feminist reading of the cross to foster peace and justice for all and, of course, for women victims of such violence.

  13. The legionaries of Christ: Pederast network, power and transnational business corporation

    OpenAIRE

    Melgar B., Ricardo

    2014-01-01

    The global dimension of pederasty is associated with sexual tourism, the business of child pornography and ecclesial pederasty, which has shocked the two Americas, although their transnational networks and power which are inherent have been insufficiently analyzed and discussed. We will make a case study of transnational ecclesial pederasty through the Legionaries of Christ order. The origins of this factual power and the perversions that meant, are among World War II and the beginnings of Co...

  14. The polemics about the historicity of Jesus Christ in the religious studies of the Soviet period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. ANDREEV

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the history of the controversy regarding the historicity of Jesus Christ in the academic literature of the Soviet period. It summarizes the position of the classics of Marxism-Leninism on the issue, which for many decades served for scientists as «starting point» in their studies. The article outlines the main work of Soviet religious scholars, historians and philologists, engaged in the research of the New Testament. It presents the basic arguments for and against a real earthly existence of Jesus Christ. It identifies the major milestones in the development of this issue throughout the Soviet period: the period from 20’s, which is characterized by the dominance of the ideas of the so-called «Mythological school» and tough anti-religious propaganda; the period from the late 50’s to early 80’s, when the mythological nature of Jesus was questioned; and the third period, which began in the late 80s, and which is marked the transition of Soviet (and later Russian New Testament studies in the context of a new paradigm that recognizes the fact of the historical existence of Jesus Christ as self-evident. The article also raises the question of why the Soviet studies of the New Testament literature were not integrated in the international debate, in particular, in the «Quest for the historical Jesus.» Aside from the obvious factors such as total indoctrination of science and the difficulty of international contacts, it is hypothesized that the crucial diffi culty in the development of Soviet Biblical Studies was in excessive use of sociological research methods of the New Testament, to the detriment of philological criticism of the Biblical text

  15. How Doubt Built the Foundation of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints

    OpenAIRE

    Hortin, Joshua

    2013-01-01

    Dr. Gregory A. Prince at this year’s annual Arrington Lecture gave an intriguing biography of Leonard J. Arrington, focusing particularly on Arrington’s own interplay between faith and doubt. Arrington’s intellectual journey was sparked as he entered the world of academia and had his beliefs on evolution directly challenged. Having been raised as a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-­‐ day Saints (LDS or Mormon), he struggled with reconciling a Creationist viewpoint to that taught...

  16. A Survey of Basic Educational Opportunities Available to Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, J. Elliot

    To examine the historical background of educational programs of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, the Church population, and educational opportunities available to Church members, a questionnaire was sent to presidents of Church missions outside the United States. It was found that Church membership has increased rapidly and could…

  17. A Survey of the Use of Theological Terminology with Reference to Jesus Christ in Selected Church School Curricula for Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, Helen Kathryn

    Purposes of this study were to determine the Christological emphasis in selected adult church curricula for the years 1942, 1952, and 1962 regarding the person, mission, resurrection, and second advent of Christ; and to assess the influence of the theological renaissance on these curricula. Materials were those of the American Baptist Convention,…

  18. Specific IgE antibodies to vespids in the course of immunotherapy with Vespula germanica administered to patients sensitized to Polistes dominulus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juarez, C; Blanca, M; Miranda, A; Sanchez, F; Carmona, M J; Avila, M J; Fernandez, S; Fernandez, J; Terrados, S

    1992-08-01

    Sera from a group of 12 patients with anaphylactic reactions to vespids were studied. Field observations and RAST values suggested that the offending insect was Polistes dominulus (PD). Specific IgE antibodies to PD appeared in all cases and to Vespula germanica (VG) in nine. Absorption studies in these basal sera showed that IgE antibodies to VG were due to cross-reactivity with PD. The RAST value to both venoms was higher after immunotherapy (IT) in six cases. IgE antibodies increased to determinants common to both vespids, and in 41% of the cases to specific epitopes of VG venom allergens not initially detected in the basal sera. In one case antibodies increased only to VG without a corresponding rise to PD. These results indicate that if the correct venom to which the individuals are sensitized is not administered IgE antibodies may appear which were not initially detected in the patients' sera. The levels of these antibodies declined during the course of IT.

  19. Determination of IgE antibodies to Polistes dominulus, Vespula germanica and Vespa crabro in sera of patients allergic to vespids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanca, M; Garcia, F; Miranda, A; Carmona, M J; Garcia, J; Fernandez, J; Terrados, S; Vega, J M; Juarez, C

    1991-02-01

    The study was undertaken to investigate the presence of IgE antibodies to Polistes dominulus (PD), Vespula germanica (VG) and Vespa crabro (VC) in a large group of sera belonging to patients sensitized to Vespids in Spain. RAST values showed that although the majority of patients had IgE antibodies to PD, VG and VC, there was a marked predominance of PD. These results were related to the distribution of the insect in the areas where the sera were obtained. Due to geographical and insect distribution differences, the whole area was divided into three zones: Central, East and South. Comparison of the positive RAST values obtained indicated that, although the positivity to PD predominated over VG and this over VC, there were significant differences in percentage positivities to each vespid in the different regions studied. The results of the RAST absorption studies indicated that in most instances patients were originally sensitized to one vespid and were RAST positive to the other venoms due to cross-reactivity. Only in a minority of cases were coexisting antibodies to two insects present. These results show that PD and VG are the important vespids followed to a lesser extent by VC. This study provides relevant information concerning insect distribution sensitivity in a European country.

  20. Assessment of prey overlap between a native (Polistes humilis) and an introduced (Vespula germanica) social wasp using morphology and phylogenetic analyses of 16S rDNA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasper, Marta L; Reeson, Andrew F; Cooper, Steven J B; Perry, Kym D; Austin, Andrew D

    2004-07-01

    Abstract In newly invaded communities, interspecific competition is thought to play an important role in determining the success of the invader and its impact on the native community. In southern Australia, the native Polistes humilis was the predominant social wasp prior to the arrival of the exotic Vespula germanica (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Both species forage for similar resources (water, pulp, carbohydrate and protein prey), and concerns have arisen about potential competition between them. The aim of this study was to identify the protein foods that these wasps feed on. As many prey items are masticated by these wasps to the degree that they cannot be identified using conventional means, morphological identification was complemented by sequencing fragments of the mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene. GenBank searches using blast and phylogenetic analyses were used to identify prey items to at least order level. The results were used to construct complete prey inventories for the two species. These indicate that while P. humilis is restricted to feeding on lepidopteran larvae, V. germanica collects a variety of prey of invertebrate and vertebrate origin. Calculated values of prey overlap between the two species are used to discuss the implications of V. germanica impacting on P. humilis. Results obtained are compared to those gained by solely 'conventional' methods, and the advantages of using DNA-based taxonomy in ecological studies are emphasized.

  1. Spatial and Temporal Growth Variation of Pinus heldreichii Christ. Growing along a Latitudinal Gradient in Kosovo and Albania

    OpenAIRE

    Bojaxhi, Faruk; Toromani, Elvin

    2017-01-01

    Background and Purpose: Trees growing at high elevations are particularly sensitive to climate variability. In this study, tree-ring chronologies of Pinus heldreichii Christ. have been developed to examine their dynamism along a 350 km latitudinal gradient. Materials and Methods: Sampling was conducted in 6 high elevation sites along a latitudinal gradient from Kosovo and Albania. Two opposite cores from 148 healthy and dominant P. heldreichii trees were taken using an increment borer. Th...

  2. The Growth of Bosnian Pine (Pinus hedreichii Christ.) at Tree-Line Locations from Kosovo and its Response to Climate

    OpenAIRE

    Bojaxhi, Faruk; Toromani, Elvin

    2016-01-01

    Background and Purpose: Pinus heldreichii Christ. is a sub-endemic species occurring at tree-line locations in Kosovo and covering an area of 2500 ha. In high elevation sites radial growth is mainly controlled by low temperatures. The main purpose of this study was the analysis of radial growth of P. heldreichii and its response to local climate conditions. Materials and Methods: Research sites comprise of three high elevation stands of P. heldreichii with specific site conditions. Core sa...

  3. Who is Jesus Christ for the Ruthenian and Russian Saints? A Theological Exploration of St Dimitry Rostovsky’s The Lives of the Saints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Leśniewski

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Christian hagiography reveals not only the facts of life of individual saints, but first of all, it is a description of theexperience of God loving mankind. From the beginning of Christianity, of great importance in building faith, hope andlove had had stories about those believers who responded with a particular radicalism for the prevenient love of God inthe Trinity of Persons. These stories have been written in various forms of literature.Author in the introductory part of the article introduces into the lives of the saints and their role in the Ruthenian andRussian Orthodoxy. Essentially he focuses on presenting The Menaia edited by St Dimitry Rostovski. This book waspublished in the years 1711 to 1718 in Old Church Slavonic. At the beginning of the twentieth century, it has been rewrittenand translated into Russian. This monumental work appeared in the years 1903-1911 under the title The Lives of theSaints. It has been a rich source of information for researchers from many disciplines.From a theological point of view, the author studied The Lives of the Saints in order to find direct references to theperson and teaching of Jesus Christ. For this purpose, he analyzed quotations from the New Testament, especially fromthe Gospel, referring directly to the Person and teaching of Jesus Christ, as well as the prayers addressed to Him. In hisanalysis, he searched for answers to the questions: Who is Jesus Christ for the Ruthenian and Russian saints, and whatkind of His images predominate in The Lives of the Saints.The first part of the article, on the basis of source texts, indicates personal qualities of Jesus Christ. The Savior hasbeen experienced by the Ruthenian and Russian saints as God who is close to man, the blessed King, the best Lord, theComforter of the crying, the Light, the merciful God, and the Foundation of all good. The image of Christ as sinless,innocent suffering and merciful shines especially in the devotion of Saints Passion

  4. The crucifixion of consumerism and power and the resurrection of a community glimpsed through Meylahn’s wounded Christ in conversation with Rowling’s Christ discourse in the Harry Potter series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasia Apostolides

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Like some fantasies (including Lord of the rings and the Chronicles of Narnia, the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling makes a social comment on a particular dominant discourse within a particular sociocultural context. One of Rowling’s social comments is the dehumanising and fragmenting effect of the power and consumerist discourse in Western society – where great value is placed on what a person owns. An example of this theme in the series is the characters of the Dursleys, as prime examples of ‘Muggles’. Although it is not power that Muggles seek, but rather to fit in by having what the Jones’ have, which fits in well with the capitalist discourse as developed by Lacan – as discussed by Meylahn. Rowling juxtaposes this discourse with the alternative sacred story of the Christ discourse (community and fellowship are more important than material possessions, that she has subtly woven into her narrative. This alternative discourse challenges adolescents’ identity and spirituality by offering the Christ discourse as an alternative discourse to the dominant discourse of consumerism and power they live in. In his article, ‘Holistic redemptive pastoral ministry in the fragmented transit hall of existence’, Meylahn (2010 speaks of a ‘wounded Christ’ healing a ‘wounded community’ and this ties in well with the Christ discourse presented by Rowling. Meylahn gives us a useful hermeneutical tool to interpret the actions of some of Rowling’s characters. Hence, Meylahn’s ‘wounded Christ’, will be brought into conversation with the actions of some of Rowling’s characters. By bringing Rowling into conversation with Meylahn, pastors and youth workers are presented with an ideal tool to help guide adolescents towards a more spiritual life that is not bound to the dehumanising discourse of consumerism and power.

  5. The consummation of the kingdom of God. Reflections on the final victory of Christ as portrayed in Paul’s first Epistle to the Corinthians

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    P. Potgieter

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Reflections on 1 Corinthians 15:24-28 raise the question whether eschatology should be focused on Christ, or should rather be viewed theocentrically. A study of the mediatory reign of Christ clearly favours the notion of an intermediate kingdom, during which He will subjugate and destroy the “powers” and the enemies of the kingdom. Having achieved the final victory over death itself, the need for an intermediate rule of Christ no longer exists. However, the office of Mediator is unquestionably linked to Christ’s humanity. This again brings to the fore the question whether Christ will retain his human nature after the consummation of his kingdom. Although it remains an open question in Reformed theology whether Christ will relinquish his human nature at the end of this dispensation, it is argued that in the next dispensation He will no longer serve in the office of Mediator, but that He will reign as the Lamb of God in the stature of the eternal Son of God.

  6. Herbert Aldersmith (1847-1918): Christ's Hospital medical officer and co-founder of the Medical Officers of Schools Association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoskins, Trevor

    2008-02-01

    Herbert Aldersmith spent his entire working life, from the age of 23 years until his retirement at 65 years, as Resident Medical Officer to Christ's Hospital School. It was a crucial period in the school's history, from the overdue reforms of the late Victorian era to its historic move from the City of London to Sussex in 1902. He became an acknowledged authority on ringworm and also published extensively on the other great interest of his life, the British-Israel Society. He was the prime mover in founding the first-ever professional association of school doctors in 1884.

  7. Psychobiography of Jesus Christ in view of Władysław Witwicki’s theory of cratism

    OpenAIRE

    Citlak Amadeusz

    2015-01-01

    The article is an attempt at a critical evaluation of applying one of the most original theories of Polish psychology, i.e. W. Witwicki’s theory of cratism, to the interpretation of the activities and personality of Jesus Christ. The theory of cratism, though it provides substantial explanation possibilities, has been largely forgotten. W. Witwicki used it to try to interpret many aspects of human activity such as art, social relations, as well as the life of ancient figures, among others, So...

  8. The Doubly Oppressed: The Portrayal of Female Characters in Mongo Beti’s The Poor Christ of Bomba

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    Abubakar Mohammed Sani

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This essay explores and analysis the condition of female characters in Mongo Beti’s novel, The Poor Christ of Bomba(1971. The paper argues that women in the novel’s settings are being oppressed and unjustly maltreated by both colonialists, spearheaded by Father Drumont, and by the native African culture. Thus, the concept of “double oppression” is suitable in demonstrating the theme of maltreatment and exploitation of women in the novel, and their roles in the society. The paper exposes the pretence, hypocrisy, insincerity and biasness of the Christian mission in respect to women issues such polygamy, adultery and other sundry issues.

  9. I Passiuna tu Christù - Rito e teatro di una cantica popolare della Grecìa Salentina

    OpenAIRE

    Diana Costa

    2012-01-01

    Abstract – IT Questo articolo si basa sugli esiti di una ricerca di campo condotta nei paesi della Grecìa Salentina,una zona del basso Salento, dove si riscontra una peculiare modalità di esecuzione della cantica popolare grìca conosciuta come I Passiuna tu Christù (La Passione di Cristo). Attorno alla metà degli anni ´90 del ´900 la tradizione della cantica è stata oggetto di un prezioso recupero, fondato sulla memoria e disponibilità di alcuni anziani cantori, che l’ha riportata in vita dop...

  10. Stirring Astronomy into Theology: Sir Isaac Newton on the Date of the Passion of Christ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belenkiy, Ari; Echagüe, Eduardo Vila

    2007-08-01

    It is known that Sir Isaac Newton suggested a date for the Passion of Christ in the posthumously published Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel and the Apocalypse of St. John (1733). [This fact was revived recently in Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 32, Sept 1991]. What was not known is that the first attempts to find that date were made during the early period of his life. The Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem contains two drafts in Latin, grouped as Yahuda MS 24E under the same title, Rules for the Determination of Easter, which cast some light on Newton's life in the late 1660s - early 1670s. The earlier draft contains multiple references to the virtually forgotten De Annis Christi (1649), written by Villem Lange, the 17th century Danish astronomer and theologian, who might have been Newton's first mentor on the Jewish calendar tradition. The second draft shows not only Newton's close acquaintance with Maimonides' theory of lunar visibility, but also his attempts to simplify the latter's criteria by introducing different parameters. These “astronomical exercises”, announced in a 1673 book, were intended to appear as an appendix to Nicholas Mercator's 1676 book. Both of Yahuda 24E's drafts carry an astronomical table with the solar and lunar positions for the years 30-37 AD, which Newton used to decide on the date of the Passion. The Ordinary Least Squares regression method sends a dubious message; applied to the table's lunar data, OLS strongly suggests a pre-Tychonic origin. The table shows little correlation with solar data coming from Ptolemy, al-Battani, Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler, Philip van Lansbergen, Thomas Streete, John Flamsteed, or Newton's own 1702 lunar theory; however, its lunar positions display very high correlations with the Prutenic tables, which were based on Copernicus' De Revolutionibus. Surprisingly, the solar table comes from either 1651 Harmonicon Coeleste or 1669 Astronomia Britannica by

  11. Psychobiography of Jesus Christ in view of Władysław Witwicki’s theory of cratism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Citlak Amadeusz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is an attempt at a critical evaluation of applying one of the most original theories of Polish psychology, i.e. W. Witwicki’s theory of cratism, to the interpretation of the activities and personality of Jesus Christ. The theory of cratism, though it provides substantial explanation possibilities, has been largely forgotten. W. Witwicki used it to try to interpret many aspects of human activity such as art, social relations, as well as the life of ancient figures, among others, Socrates and Jesus Christ. Thanks to this, he created the first ever in Polish psychology (and also one of the first in world psychology psychobiography. The proposal to decipher the activity of Jesus of Nazareth through Witwicki, however, raises large concerns, which discouraged many psychologists, and especially religious environments. I would like to indicate the most controversial moments of his work, while drawing attention to the great value of the theory itself also today, at the beginning of the 21st century, particularly in the area of historical psychology.

  12. I Passiuna tu Christù - Rito e teatro di una cantica popolare della Grecìa Salentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Costa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – IT Questo articolo si basa sugli esiti di una ricerca di campo condotta nei paesi della Grecìa Salentina,una zona del basso Salento, dove si riscontra una peculiare modalità di esecuzione della cantica popolare grìca conosciuta come I Passiuna tu Christù (La Passione di Cristo. Attorno alla metà degli anni ´90 del ´900 la tradizione della cantica è stata oggetto di un prezioso recupero, fondato sulla memoria e disponibilità di alcuni anziani cantori, che l’ha riportata in vita dopo anni di silenzio. Lo studio si è quindi focalizzato sull'esecuzione di Zollino, uno dei comuni grecanico-salentini, dove opera l'associazione culturale "Bottega del Teatro" che per prima ha promosso il recupero di cui si è detto. Protagonista e interprete raffinato della versione zollinese è l'anziano cantore Antimo Pellegrino, la cui voce si fa teatro attraverso un uso sapiente del corpo fatto di gesti stilizzati, regolati da codici che consentono di comprendere il divenire performativo, ossia il testo in grìco, anche a chi non intende tale idioma. Abstract – EN This article is based on the results of a field research conducted in the countries of the Grecìa Salentina, an area of Salento, where there is a particular execution method of the folksong known as I Passiuna tu Christù (The Passion of the Christ. Around the mid-90s of the 20th century the tradition of this folksong has been the subject of a careful recovery, based on memory and availability of some older singers, who brought it back to life after years of silence. The study then focused on the Zollino’s execution, one of the grecanico-salentino’s common, in which works the cultural association "Bottega del Teatro", the first promoter of this recovery. The old singer Antimo Pellegrino is the player and interpreter of the Zollino’s refined version, whose voice becomes theater through a wise use of body made of stylized gestures, regulated by codes that allow you to

  13. Ideal Teaching: Exploring the Attributes of an "Ideal Teacher" in the Church Educational System for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strader, Matthew W.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the profile of an ideal teacher for the Church Educational System (CES) for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. This study surveyed 159 students, teachers, and administrators in order to find the characteristics perceived to be ideal in a CES teacher. The survey included 16 characteristics of…

  14. Health Impacts of Religious Practices and Beliefs Associated with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Diego Cordero, Rocío; Badanta Romero, Bárbara

    2017-08-01

    The aim of the study is to discuss the relationship between lifestyle marked by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and health. PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, WOS y Scopus were the databases used for this literature review, with these descriptors: "Mormons", "mormons religion", "health". Inclusion criteria were articles with full text available, published between 2005 and 2016, in English or Spanish language. Results show that following the restrictive Mormon doctrine generates beneficial effects for the health. Habits related to toxics and food, as well as social support, from family and Mormon community are an important basis for good health. On the other hand, not following the prescriptions or leaving the group, opposed sexual identities or not fulfilling the roles associated with women are associated with worse mental and physical health.

  15. Marital fertility and income: moderating effects of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints religion in Utah.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanford, Joseph B; Smith, Ken R

    2013-03-01

    Utah has the highest total fertility of any state in the United States and also the highest proportion of population affiliated with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS or Mormon Church). Data were used from the 1996 Utah Health Status Survey to investigate how annual household income, education and affiliation with the LDS Church affect fertility (children ever born) for married women in Utah. Younger age and higher education were negatively correlated with fertility in the sample as a whole and among non-LDS respondents. Income was negatively associated with fertility among non-LDS respondents. However, income was positively correlated with fertility among LDS respondents. This association persisted when instrumental variables were used to address the potential simultaneous equations bias arising from the potential endogeneity of income and fertility. The LDS religion's pronatalist stance probably encourages childbearing among those with higher income.

  16. Comparison of three liquid lures for trapping social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegner, Gerald S; Jordan, Kyle K

    2005-06-01

    Two citrus-based sodas and a known wasp attractant were compared in a field trial to assess their attractiveness to local nuisance wasp species. The wasps captured included Vespula germanica (F.), Vespula maculifrons (Buysson), Vespula vulgaris (L.), Vespula flavopilosa Jacobson, Vespula squamosa (Drury), Dolichovespula maculata (L.), Polistes fuscatus (L.), Polistes metricus Say, and Polistes dominulus (Christ). Wasps in the genus Vespula were present in significantly higher numbers in traps than Dolichovespula and Polistes. Both citrus soda products were superior to the isobutanol-acetic acid mixture as attractants for almost all of the wasp species.

  17. The second coming of Christ as the golden key to unlock the Book of Daniel: an analysis of a Pentecostal interpretation of the dream in Daniel 2

    OpenAIRE

    M. Nel

    2008-01-01

    Pentecostals regard the doctrine of the second coming of Christ as very important. All passages in the Bible deemed to be “prophetical” are interpreted in premillennialist terms. Bennie Kleynhans’ interpretation of the dream in Daniel 2 is used to demonstrate how an endeavour to find relevance through a contemporary interpretation of a Biblical passage, easily be- comes outdated. He was of the opinion that communism, the Council on Foreign Relations and the European Economic Community...

  18. The second coming of Christ as the golden key to unlock the Book of Daniel: an analysis of a Pentecostal interpretation of the dream in Daniel 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Nel

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Pentecostals regard the doctrine of the second coming of Christ as very important. All passages in the Bible deemed to be “prophetical” are interpreted in premillennialist terms. Bennie Kleynhans’ interpretation of the dream in Daniel 2 is used to demonstrate how an endeavour to find relevance through a contemporary interpretation of a Biblical passage, easily be- comes outdated. He was of the opinion that communism, the Council on Foreign Relations and the European Economic Community with its ten members would introduce the Antichrist as the leader of a one-world government, eventually leading to the second coming of Christ. Daniel 2 is read as “prophecy”, describing the global situation at the latter half of the twentieth century. This demonstrates that the differences in interpreting the dream in Daniel 2 reflect different ways of viewing and treating the Bible. A fundamentalist perspective sees the Bible as a blueprint of what God is going to do in future and how he is going to do this. The “future” – the “last days” just before the second coming of Christ – is inevitably linked to the present day.

  19. A hermeneutical reflection on the resurrection of Jesus Christ in question and answer 45 of the Heidelberg Catechism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kobus Labuschagne

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This article is an attempt to elaborate hermeneutically on the different historical contexts, related the one to the other and to the centre point of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, in question and answer 45 of the Heidelberg Catechism. The aim is not only to find the true meaning that the Heidelberg Catechism intends to convey in the mentioned question and answer, but also to explain the underlying hermeneutical thinking as well as to bring to the surface and explain alternative assumptions that ordinary church-going Christians experience as the unusual outcome of an unknown and different kind of approach. Different hermeneutical processes lead to different outcomes of understanding − sometimes worlds apart. Vanuit die sentrale punt van die opstanding van Jesus Christus in vraag en antwoord 45 van die Heidelbergse Kategismus, wil hierdie artikel in ’n hermeneutiese besinning oor die verskillende verbandhoudende historiese kontekste uitbrei. Die doel is nie slegs om die ware betekenis te vind van wat die Heidelbergse Kategismus in genoemde vraag en antwoord poog om weer te gee nie, maar ook om die onderliggende hermeneutiese denke te verduidelik en alternatiewe aannames, wat gewone Christen-kerkgangers as ’n vreemde en verskillende benaderings ervaar, na die oppervlakte te bring en te verduidelik. Verskillende hermeneutiese prosesse lei tot verskillende uitkomste van verstaan – soms wêrelde van mekaar verwyderd.

  20. Transatlantic Abolitionist Discourse and the Body of Christ in Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s “The Runaway Slave at Pilgrim’s Point”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua King

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Despite renewed interest in roles played by Christianity in the poetry of Elizabeth Barrett Browning (EBB, few scholars have discussed her treatment of the body of Christ—understood as both the figure of Christ and his body of followers—in her antislavery poem, “The Runaway Slave at Pilgrim’s Point”. This article argues that “The Runaway Slave” reworks portrayals of the body of Christ in transatlantic abolitionist print culture. It examines the poem in its original context of publication in the 1848 issue of The Liberty Bell, the Boston-based antislavery annual. As EBB would have known from earlier issues of the annual that she received before writing her poem, its contributors—primarily though not exclusively privileged northern whites—represented themselves as messianic martyrs whose Christ-like suffering would liberate slaves. EBB’s poem challenges this self-glorifying rhetoric, in part by making a refrain out of words from Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s well-known poem The Rime of the Ancient Mariner. This refrain indicates that the symbols used by Liberty Bell authors to portray themselves as messianic martyrs might, to those they labor to liberate, seem perversely bound up in slavery and the color binary used to justify it. “Runaway Slave” further suggests that the Liberty Bell’s messianic rhetoric, like the slave system itself, parodies Christ’s sacrifice of himself for the good of others. In both cases, wittingly or not, whites seek to turn the bodily agony of blacks to their benefit, whether ethical or economic. Stressing that such parodies of the crucifixion only perpetuate racial violence, the poem pursues what we might call a post-secular vision of Christ’s body, suggesting that people can through love act as members of Christ outside of any official church body. EBB’s poem nevertheless risks trading in the abuses it critiques—a risk, the material history of her poem indicates, of which she might have

  1. Spatial and Temporal Growth Variation of Pinus heldreichii Christ. Growing along a Latitudinal Gradient in Kosovo and Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk Bojaxhi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: Trees growing at high elevations are particularly sensitive to climate variability. In this study, tree-ring chronologies of Pinus heldreichii Christ. have been developed to examine their dynamism along a 350 km latitudinal gradient. Materials and Methods: Sampling was conducted in 6 high elevation sites along a latitudinal gradient from Kosovo and Albania. Two opposite cores from 148 healthy and dominant P. heldreichii trees were taken using an increment borer. The cores were mounted and sanded, and after a rigorous cross-dating, the ring widths were measured to a resolution of 0.01 mm using the LINTAB 6 measuring device. The ARSTAN program was used for tree-ring series detrending and site chronologies’ development. The relationship between radial growth and climate, as well as between temporal patterns of P. heldreichii growth were investigated using simple correlation analysis and principal component analysis (PCA over the common period 1951-2013. Results: Radial growth variability of Bosnian pine increased with latitude and elevation. Significant correlations among our chronologies and others from neighbouring countries indicated that our chronologies possess a good regional climatic signal. P. heldreichii growth at all sampling sites was significantly influenced by seasonal and mean annual temperatures, as well as by the July drought. Thus, temperature was the main driving force of species growth, showing a larger control at spatial scale than precipitation. The difference in species growth patterns along the latitudinal gradient is implicated by the common action of climatic and non-climatic factors (age and human activity. With continued warming and precipitation decrease during the second half of the 20th century, P. heldreichii growth from these high elevation sites resulted in being more sensitive to drought. This climatic signal is assumed to be stronger in the future due to climate change. Conclusions: P

  2. One Body in Christ?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Else Marie Wiberg

    2011-01-01

    Focusing on gender issues, this article emphasizes that a true ecclesial unity can only take place from below and in a real dialogue with others. Only once the communion of Lutheran church is fully inclusive - accepting women and men in the ministry - will it be true to the imago Dei...

  3. "Christ is the Mountain"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carl Hallencreutz

    1979-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the author focuses on the religious function of symbols in the encounter and interaction of Christianity and other religions. Some observations on the religious function of the symbol of the Holy Mountain in different African contexts are presented. These contexts are a traditional Kikuyu religion, b a Christian hymn from Northern Tanzania, and c the New Year's Fiest of the independent Nazaretha Church among Zulu in South Africa. The examples of how the symbol of the holy mountain is used in different religious contexts in Africa are, of course, too limited to provide a basis for far-reaching generalizations on how symbols function religiously in the encounter of Christianity and other religions. However, this kind of analysis can be applied also when studying other encounters of religions inside and outside Africa. The symbol functions both as a carrier of a new religious message and as an indigenous means to appropriate this message locally and give it adequate form in different milieus. The symbols, which most likely have the religious functions are those which are of a general nature; light, way, living water, and which some are tempted to speak of as archetypes. Yet the comparison between the Chagga-hymn to the holy mountain and Shembe's interpretation of the blessing of the New Year's Fiest on Inhlangakozi indicates, that in the encounter of Christianity and other religions it is not only the symbols as such which produce the local appropriation of the new religious message and give it adequate localized form. Not even in the encounter of Christianity and other religions the symbols function religiously without human beings as actors in the historical process.

  4. God, Christ and Animals

    OpenAIRE

    Fergusson, David

    2014-01-01

    One of the most significant contributions to the field in recent times, David Clough's work On Animals: Volume 1, Systematic Theology, should ensure that theologies of creation, redemption, and eschatological fulfillment give proper attention to animals. In a landmark study, he draws upon resources in Scripture and tradition to present a systematic theology that is alert to the place of animals in the divine economy. Amidst his relentless criticism of all forms of anthropocentrism, however, i...

  5. The Growth of Bosnian Pine (Pinus hedreichii Christ. at Tree-Line Locations from Kosovo and its Response to Climate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk Bojaxhi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: Pinus heldreichii Christ. is a sub-endemic species occurring at tree-line locations in Kosovo and covering an area of 2500 ha. In high elevation sites radial growth is mainly controlled by low temperatures. The main purpose of this study was the analysis of radial growth of P. heldreichii and its response to local climate conditions. Materials and Methods: Research sites comprise of three high elevation stands of P. heldreichii with specific site conditions. Core samples were collected from 98 healthy dominant and co-dominant trees at breast height using increment borer. They were prepared and cross-dated using standard dendrochronological methods, while tree-ring widths were measured to the nearest 0.001 mm using the TSAP software. The ARSTAN program was used to standardize the tree-ring widths and to calculate dendrochronological statistical parameters. The growth-climate relationship was investigated using bootstrapped correlation function analysing the residual chronologies of each sampled site as a dependent variable and the climatic data from May of the (n-1 year up to the October of the n year for the common period 1951-2013 as an independent variable. Results: The length of Bosnian pine chronologies ranged from 175 to 541 years. All chronologies had high values of first-order autocorrelation indicating that radial growth of P. heldreichii is affected by the climate conditions of the previous growing year. Koritnik chronology had the highest values of the mean sensitivity due to the influence of drought stress. This conclusion is also supported by the result of growth-climate relationship where radial growth is negatively correlated with June temperatures and positively associated with July and August precipitation. We found that radial growth of young trees from Koritnik site is limited by the combined effect of temperatures and summer drought stress. In high elevation sites, temperature is expected to control the

  6. PATHOS – the bodies of Christ on the Cross. Rhetoric of suffering in wooden sculpture found in Portugal, twelfth-fourteenth centuries. A few examples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernandes, Carla Varela

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In Portuguese medieval art, freestanding wooden sculptures representing Christ on the Cross are among the less studied typologies. For this reason, it is important to discuss and question some of the most representative works of aesthetic values and/or iconographic models that characterised this European production between the twelfth and fourteenth centuries. The option for the Christus patiens typology is justified by the fact that it includes a large number of sculptures, some still requiring analysis and reflection, with the possibility of bringing to light new elements through fresh comparisons or using laboratory-based findings. The examples analysed here demonstrate the existence of artistic models reflecting the importance offoreign formal and iconographic references, which in turn raise the issues of the import and/or reinterpretation by Portuguese sculptors of these ideas, and of the itinerancy of foreign sculptors through Portugal, locating this corpus within an international historiographical discussion.

  7. Christ as a Gambler in «Auto Sacramental del Juego del Hombre» by Luis Mejía de la Cerda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davinia Rodríguez Ortega

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article contains a deep analysis of the sacramental play Auto Sa­cramental del Juego del Hombre written by Luis Mejía de la Cerda in 1625. The piece is composed taking a card game as the core topic and representing Christ as a player betting amongst the Death, Devil and World. One of the most remarkable characteristics is the absolute presence of the play in a devote text, because of the combination of such mundane and religious features. But it is necessary to say, that this way of leisure was very popular during the Golden Age period, where people of every social class were willing to enjoy.

  8. Aliens in the promised land? Keynote address for the 1986 National Gathering of the United Church of Christ's Coalition for Lesbian/Gay Concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comstock, G D

    The following article is a condensed version of the keynote address given at the 1986 National Gathering of the Lesbian/Gay Coalition of the United Church of Christ (UCC). Problems encountered by lesbians and gay men in organized religion, especially within the liberal tradition, are identified by a method of inquiry developed by Christian educator John Westerhoff for assessing egalitarianism within institutions. The story of Queen Vashti from the Book of Esther in Hebrew scripture, and the emerging tradition of coming-out experiences by lesbians and gay men; provide the norm and model for declaring independence from denominations that neglect the concerns of lesbians and gay men and for constructing religious alternatives.

  9. The case study of the Pátio dos Carrascos at the Convent of Christ. Archaeological record of the recovery project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carvalho Dias

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In July 2010 archaeological excavations were conducted as preliminary work aimed to the restoration project of the Pátio dos Carrascos. This area is located westbound of the monumental Convent of Christ in Tomar, a monument classified as World Heritage Site. Thus, after site preparation with base topographic stations, which served as a reference consisting in a virtual grid, operations began cleaning archaeological digs. Based on the same reference array, all stages of excavation were recorded in field (by means of plans, sections and elevations using different methodologies to register points: traditional drawings, rectified photography and point cloud extractions, which allowed post-production of documents including all phases of construction and reuse together with their applicability to various computer programs.

  10. Data from investigation on seismic Sea-waves events in the Eastern Mediterranean from the Birth of Christ to 500 A.D.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. ANTONOPOULOS

    1980-06-01

    Full Text Available The Eastern Mediterranean has a long history of damaging seismic sea
    waves (Tsunamis but a great number of them which are locally generated are small. They have caused no serious damage to the coasts because their
    energy is confined by many islands of the Greek Archipelagos. However,
    some of them have been rather severe and destructive to property and
    human life.
    This paper is comprised of data from an investigation into the activity
    of seismic sea waves in the Eastern Mediterranean from the Birth of
    Christ to 500 A.D. It contains a great amount of information concerning
    earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and seismic sea waves.
    All the available information has been compiled from historical accounts,
    archives, press reports, magazines and related works.

  11. Notes on Apidae and Vespidae (Hymenoptera) Species Collected by Bait Traps in OrganicVineyard and Orchards of Kemalpaşa (İzmir), Western Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    ÜZÜM, Ahu; TANYERİ, Rukiye; GÜLPERÇİN, Nilay; TEZCAN, Serdar; YILDIRIM, Erol

    2010-01-01

    Hymenoptera species collected by bait traps during the months of June-October in organic vineyard and orchards in Kemalpaşa district, (İzmir) of Western Turkey were evaluated in this study. As a result, six species belonging 2007 to two families of Hymenoptera were determined. Those were Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758, Vespula germanica (Fabricius, 1793), Vespa crabro Linnaeus, 1758, Vespa orientalis Linnaeus, 1771, Polistes dominulus (Christ, 1791) and Polistes gallicus (Linnaeus, 1767). Amon...

  12. Taina Sfântului Botez- început nou al vieții prin unirea cu Hristos (The Sacrament of Baptism- new beginning of life through union with Christ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PhD. Ştefan Florea

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This articles presents the The Holy Sacrament of Baptism- new beginning of life through union with Christ. The sacraments were instituted by Christ and were part of the Liturgical Tradition of the early Christian Church. Holy Baptism is the first of seven Sacraments in the Orthodox Christian Church. The Lord Jesus who instituted Baptism, said of the Disciples: „Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit...”(Matthew 28,19. Baptism is necessary for salvation (John 3,5, and man is born a new life, new Christian is a child of God. Baptism is the basis of the whole Christian life held in the Church

  13. Polistes olivaceous decreases biotic surface colonization | Loo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... than the S group, which was reflected by a lower cariogenic bacterial count and a less compact biofilm especially after the third pulse. P. olivaceous suppresses bacteria growth and accelerates pH recovery. P. olivaceous may have stabilizing effect against cariogenic shift on the oral biofilm, preventing tooth decay.

  14. Polistes olivaceous decreases biotic surface colonization

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PRECIOUS

    2009-12-15

    Dec 15, 2009 ... for observation under a SEM. In the C group, the circum- scription was rather clear without sucrose pulsed in. (Figure 2a). While in the micro-radiography of the S group, the biofilm had much more extracellular polysac- charide, which created a fuzzy appearance indicating a sign of demineralization (Figure ...

  15. Sexual orientation change efforts through psychotherapy for LGBQ individuals affiliated with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradshaw, Kate; Dehlin, John P; Crowell, Katherine A; Galliher, Renee V; Bradshaw, William S

    2015-01-01

    This study reports the results of a comprehensive online survey of 1,612 current or former members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, many of whom engaged in psychotherapy to cope with (i.e., understand, accept, or change) their same-sex attractions. Data obtained from written and quantitative responses showed that therapy was initiated over a very wide age range and continued for many years. However, counseling was largely ineffective; less than 4% reported any modification of core same-sex erotic attraction. Moreover, 42% reported that their change-oriented therapy was not at all effective, and 37% found it to be moderately to severely harmful. In contrast, affirming psychotherapeutic strategies were often found to be beneficial in reducing depression, increasing self-esteem, and improving family and other relationships. Results suggest that the very low likelihood of a modification of sexual orientation and the ambiguous nature of any such change should be important considerations for highly religious sexual minority individuals considering reorientation therapy.

  16. The origin, development and a brief appraisal of the doctrine of the baptism in the Holy Spirit in Christ Apostolic Church, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George O. Folarin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This article traces the development of the Christ Apostolic Church’s (CAC doctrine of the baptism in the Holy Spirit, its current official stance and the church ministers’ interpretations of the doctrine. To gather data for this work, focus-group discussions were held with groups of CAC ministers in 1992 and 2012. Data gathered were analysed. Selected leaders of CAC were interviewed, and the data from the two sources were compared, interpreted and discussed in terms of related literature. A theological appraisal concluded the work. The findings are that, whilst CAC tenets appear to conform to the Classical Pentecostal model, the opinions of the church’s ministers are divided along Pentecostal and Evangelical lines. The official view of the CAC is that the baptism in the Holy Spirit is distinct from the initial work of salvation and that the visible signs of receiving this baptism are multiple, but there are significant disagreements amongst the church ministers to this. The appraisal reveals that the tenet of the church needs to be reworked to conform to the teaching of the Scripture.

  17. Silence and the Audibility of the Word: Contemplative Listening as a Fundamental Act of the New Evangelization. Part 2: Jesus Christ, the Eternal Listener

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Marianne Siegmund

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available In the second part of her arguing for contemplative listening as a fundamental act of the new evangelization, the author turns to the theological perspective of Jesus Christ as the eternal Listener and, thus, focuses upon his act of listening, which is the unique per-sonal form of his eternal divinity. The author addresses the following issues. Granted that listening has to do with obedi-ent readiness, how can one say it is in the eternal Son, who, being God, would seem to be naturally exempt from obedience? In order to answer this question, the author looks at the Balthasarian “enfleshment” of Thomas’ notion of the divine persons as subsistent relations. In brief, to say that the Son is the subsistent relation of sonship means that the Son receives himself from the Father. But this self-reception implies, the author argues, an obedient readiness. And, since the Son is Word, this obedient readiness translates into a “listening.” The Son is not only the eternal Word. He is also the eternal listener of the Word he is. Within the Godhead, each person is his relation (of “opposition” to the others and there is no difference between the person and his action. For example, the Son is his relation of sonship to the Father. But, one might ask, how could one speak of the Son’s obedi-ence? How does one avoid subordinationism? The key is to see how the Son’s posses-sion of divinity is compatible with a reception of it. If the Father is the “source and origin of all divinity,” the Son does, in fact, receive his divinity from the Father while, at the same time, he is co-equal and co-eternal with the Father. That the Father gener-ates the Son does not mean, as Arius asserted, that there was a time when the Son was not. Rather, the Son always possesses his divine sonship as being given from the Fa-ther, while the Father possesses divinity as being given away. Divinity is compatible with relationality in the mode of reception. In the

  18. The Grand Inquisitor and Christ

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lemche, Niels Peter

    2012-01-01

    Dostojevskis fortælling om storinkvisatoren som en reflektion af kirkens stillingtagen til historisk-kritisk forskning, især spørgsmålet om den historiske Jesus......Dostojevskis fortælling om storinkvisatoren som en reflektion af kirkens stillingtagen til historisk-kritisk forskning, især spørgsmålet om den historiske Jesus...

  19. Being Christ for the Other

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Ulrik Becker

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, Christian humanism has received renewed attention. This article engages with the works of William Schweiker and John W. de Gruchy, two of the most prominent representatives of Christian humanism in contemporary Protestant theology. In a manner which is complementary to their views......, this article attempts to outline a Lutheran Christian humanism based on the ethics of Martin Luther and Dietrich Bonhoeffer. Inspired by a Chalcedonian Christology, the article attempts to argue for a polemical affirmation of Christian humanism as a characteristic of the Lutheran tradition...

  20. Christ - the Teacher of Salvation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Anders-Christian

    cosmos to completion in God. The present book provides a detailed analysis and interpretation of Origen’s Christology and soteriology as it is expounded in a number of his most important writings thus providing a comprehensive and coherent picture of Origen’s multifaceted Christology and soteriology....

  1. Parasitic castration by Xenos vesparum depends on host gender.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cappa, Federico; Manfredini, Fabio; Dallai, Romano; Gottardo, Marco; Beani, Laura

    2014-07-01

    Host castration represents a mechanism used by parasites to exploit energy resources from their hosts by interfering with their reproductive development or to extend host lifespan by removing risks associated with reproductive activity. One of the most intriguing groups of parasitic castrators is represented by the insects belonging to the order Strepsiptera. The macroparasite Xenos vesparum can produce dramatic phenotypic alterations in its host, the paper wasp Polistes dominula. Parasitized female wasps have undeveloped ovaries and desert the colony without performing any social task. However, very little attention has been given to the parasitic impact of X. vesparum on the male phenotype. Here, we investigated the effects of this parasite on the sexual behaviour and the morpho-physiology of P. dominula males. We found that, differently from female wasps, parasitized males are not heavily affected by Xenos: they maintain their sexual behaviour and ability to discriminate between female castes. Furthermore, the structure of their reproductive apparatus is not compromised by the parasite. We think that our results, demonstrating that the definition of X. vesparum as a parasitoid does not apply to infected males of P. dominula, provide a new perspective to discuss and maybe reconsider the traditional view of strepsipteran parasites.

  2. Aristotélisme et christologie au XIII-ème siècle. Le problème du corps du Christ dans les derniers écrits de saint Thomas d’Aquin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Moisuc

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyze the problem of the relationship between Aristotelianism and Christology in the XIII-th century, as it appears through the famous problem of the body of Christ dead. This problem, which divided the Latin theologians and which St. Thomas Aquinas will try to find a final answer turns out to be very suggestive for the question of the relationship between the Greek philosophy and the so-called Thomistic synthesis. The article offers an analysis of the latest works of St.Thomas (Quodlibet III and IV and the 50-th question of Part III of the Summa Theologiae in which the theologian tries to reconcile the requirements of hylomorphism with Christian dogma. The article offers also a critical interpretation of these solutions, as well as some remarks on the possibility and limits of dialogue between the Greek philosophy and the foolishness of the cross.

  3. Man and Woman in Literature – Being in the Mystery of Christ. The Interpretation of Jaroslav Durych’s Prose about the Relation between Man and Woman from the View of Theological Anthropology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Hojda

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we are trying to interpret the artistic expression of the relation between man and woman in the prose of a Czech writer, Jaroslav Durych (1886–1962. We highlight how Durych’s literary work portrays the mutuality between man and woman and how it grasps the question of its sense. At the same time, while regarding literature as a symbolic expression of human way of being, we want to enter into dialog with this literary quest and formulate a theological answer to it. The theological starting point of our approach is the idea of Trinitarian anchoring of the dual unity of man and woman. The conclusion of our interpretation is that Durych’s prose illustrates the journey of male and female mutuality as a journey of human transcendence and as a moment of a new determination of man in the mystery of unconditional love. In this way, Durych refers not only to the nuptial mystery of man and woman but also to its grounding in the mystery of Christ.

  4. Piezas de la iconografía de cristo crucificado vinculables a Alonso de Mena y su círculo en Granada = Binding parts of the iconography of christ crucified to Alonso de Mena and his circle in Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Peinado Guzmán

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: La iconografía más característica en la obra escultórica de Alonso de Mena (1587-1646 es, sin lugar a dudas, la de Cristo crucificado. A lo largo de su extensa vida artística, vertebrada en una productiva actividad de taller, desarrollará diferentes tipos iconográficos de este modelo estatuario. Mediante este artículo se pretenden vincular diferentes piezas ubicadas en el entorno granadino, siguiendo criterios estilísticos, con su trabajo y taller. Asimismo, se intenta plantear una clasificación de estas tallas, proporcionando unas pautas cronológicas y tipológicas con las que poner orden y discernimiento en el conjunto de una obra que, tradicionalmente, acostumbraba a encajarse en un mismo capítulo sin mayores matices.Abstract: The most characteristic iconography in the sculptural work of Alonso de Mena (1587-1646 is, without a doubt, Christ crucified. Throughout his extensive artistic life, vertebrate in a productive workshop activity, develop different iconographic types of this statuary model. Through this article we aim to link different pieces located in the Granada environment, stylistic criteria, with his work and workshop. Also, trying to propose a classification of these carvings, providing some guidelines chronological and typological with which to put order and discernment in the whole of a work that, traditionally, used to engage in a chapter without greater nuances.

  5. The layout of icosakaidígono in the Jupiter-Ammon Clypeus of Tarragona (Ist century and the face of Christ of the Rosette in the Cathedral of Orvieto (14th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Lluis i Ginovart

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The techniques of massive data capture, as the Terrestrial Laser Scanner and the digital photogrammetry, allow to accurately analyze close objects and others that are not accessible, by statistical methods. Its application has allowed assessing, from the geometric point of view, the sculptures of the figure Clypeus of Tarragona, Jupiter-Ammon (1st century and the one of the Orvieto’s Cathedral rosette, with the face of Christ (14th century. The Clypeus of Tarragona and Orvieto’s rosette are divided in 22 parts, forming a polygonal shape known as icosakaidígono. This polygon does not appear in the Elementa of Euclides, neither in the Almagesto of Ptolomeo, nor in the rare Practica Geometriae of the time. These polygons can be built by means of angular division inherited from astrolabe and quadrant builders. This polygon can be defined also through the rotation of the square, since the repeated support of the catheti on the hypotenuse allows the rotation of the tool, or other indirect methods. The conclusion of the analysis of these figures is that, statistically, both sculptures have a geometric construction equal to the Reliquiario del Corporale del Miracolo di Bolsena (1337-1338 of Orvieto’s Cathedral.

  6. Entre Napoleón y Jesucristo: las peripecias del “alma rusa” en la obra de Dostoievski / Between Napoleon and Jesus Christ: The adventures of the "Russian soul" in Dostoevsky's work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Bubnova

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Dos componentes del “alma rusa” que se destacan en la obra de Dostoievski – el napoleonismo y la cristología — resultan de la interacción de la cultura rusa con la historia y la civilización occidental. Paradójicamente, la evolución de las dos líneas en las novelas del gran escritor ruso conduce a una determinada, en algunos aspectos, de los dos tipos, en particular, en El idiota. La revisión del manoseado tópico del “alma rusa” a la luz de las recientes investigaciones de los especialistas rusos pone de manifiesto nuevasintertextualidades y abre la obra a un diálogo renovado acerca de la identidad. El trabajo se inspira en la antropología filosófica y la filosofía del lenguaje de M. M. Bajtín. ABSTRACT: This is an analysis of the two components of the “Russian soul” highlighted in the Dostoevsky’s novels: Napoleonism and Christology. The origins of both of them can be found in the Western history and civilization. There is a certain paradox in the fact that the evolution of these two lines in the oeuvre of the great Russian writer arrives to an approachof the two types, the Napoleonic one and that of the follower of Christ, especially in The Idiot. A revision of the “Russian soul” under the light of the most recent interpretations of Russian critics discovers new intertexts and opens Dostoevsky’s text to a renewed identity dialogue. This paper is influenced by Bakhtin’s philosophical anthropology and philosophy of language.

  7. A survey of DNA methylation across social insect species, life stages, and castes reveals abundant and caste-associated methylation in a primitively social wasp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiner, Susan A.; Galbraith, David A.; Adams, Dean C.; Valenzuela, Nicole; Noll, Fernando B.; Grozinger, Christina M.; Toth, Amy L.

    2013-08-01

    DNA methylation plays an important role in the epigenetic control of developmental and behavioral plasticity, with connections to the generation of striking phenotypic differences between castes (larger, reproductive queens and smaller, non-reproductive workers) in honeybees and ants. Here, we provide the first comparative investigation of caste- and life stage-associated DNA methylation in several species of bees and vespid wasps displaying different levels of social organization. Our results reveal moderate levels of DNA methylation in most bees and wasps, with no clear relationship to the level of sociality. Strikingly, primitively social Polistes dominula paper wasps show unusually high overall DNA methylation and caste-related differences in site-specific methylation. These results suggest DNA methylation may play a role in the regulation of behavioral and physiological differences in primitively social species with more flexible caste differences.

  8. Molluscicidal action of the latex of Euphorbia splendens var. hislopii N.E.B. ("Christ's Crown" (Euphorbiaceae against Lymnaea columella (Say, 1817 (Pulmonata: Lymnaeidae, intermediate host of Fasciola hepatica Linnaeus, 1758 (Trematode: Fasciolidae: 1- test in laboratory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Carvalho de Vasconcellos

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The latex action of Euphorbia splendens var. hislopii (Christ's Crown against snails Lymnaea columella, intermediate host of Fasciola hepatica, derived from irrigation ditches of the Station of Pisciculture at Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, was studied in the laboratory. Lab bioassays, using aqueous solutions of the latex, varying between 0.1 and 10 mg/l, have proven molluscicidal activity of the product collected on the same day the tests were performed, during the four seasons of the year, finding the following lethal concentrations (LC90: 1.51 mg/l in the spring; 0.55 mg/l in the summer; 0.74 mg/l in the fall and 0.93 mg/l in winter, after 24 h exposure of the snails, showing significant differences among the seasons of the year (ANOVA test, F = 11.01, G.L.= 3/33, p < 0.05, as well as among the concentrations (ANOVA test, F = 27.38, G.L.= 11/33, p < 0.05. In the summer, mortality reached 100% from concentration at 0.6 mg/l, the same during fall and in winter as of 1 mg/l, while in spring it only reached 100% mortality as of 2 mg/l. Mortality in the controls was low, reaching 5% in the summer and winter and 10% in the fall and spring. None of the samples died. During the assay, with an aqueous solution of the latex at a concentration of 5 mg/l, in order to check the time of duration of the product effect, in the laboratory, it was observed that the molluscicidal activity remained stable up to the 15th day after the beginning of the test with 100% mortality of L. columella, gradually losing its effect until the 23rd day, when we no longer observed animal mortality. In the control group, there was a random daily variation in mortality rate ranging 0-50% after 48 h of observation for 30 days.

  9. On the physical death of Jesus Christ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, W D; Gabel, W J; Hosmer, F E

    1986-03-21

    Jesus of Nazareth underwent Jewish and Roman trials, was flogged, and was sentenced to death by crucifixion. The scourging produced deep stripelike lacerations and appreciable blood loss, and it probably set the stage for hypovolemic shock, as evidenced by the fact that Jesus was too weakened to carry the crossbar (patibulum) to Golgotha. At the site of crucifixion, his wrists were nailed to the patibulum and, after the patibulum was lifted onto the upright post (stipes), his feet were nailed to the stipes. The major pathophysiologic effect of crucifixion was an interference with normal respirations. Accordingly, death resulted primarily from hypovolemic shock and exhaustion asphyxia. Jesus' death was ensured by the thrust of a soldier's spear into his side. Modern medical interpretation of the historical evidence indicates that Jesus was dead when taken down from the cross.

  10. Jesus Christ, a Compassionate Companion: Christological ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... seeks to improve their situation. In this instance, the article critiques the “cult of normalcy” ever embraced by the church that excludes those it considers to be abnormal and includes those it considers to be normal. This “cult of normalcy” is contrary to the compassionate way in which Jesus treated those who were suffering.

  11. Anti-Christ: Tragedy, Farce or Game?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Simons, J.

    2015-01-01

    Lars von Trier's movies can be seen as a series of iterations in an infinitely repeated prisoner's dilemma. After testing the logic of this game, at the core of which is the dilemma of cooperation or conflict, at the middle level at which an individual confronts a community up till Dogville, he has

  12. Conformity in Christ | Waaijman | Acta Theologica

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Acta Theologica. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 27, No 2 (2007) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Download this PDF file. The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser ...

  13. Haine religieuse: l’action “pank – Te Deum” du groupe “Pussy Riot” 21 Février 2012 dans les locaux de la Cathédrale du Christ-Sauveur de l’Église Chrétienne Orthodoxe Russe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor V. Ponkine

    2013-02-01

    SOMMAIRE: 1. Introduction – 2. Analyse des actions des participants au groupe “Pussy Riot” accomplies par ceux-ci pendant le temps de la réalisation de l’action – 3. Analyse du texte de la chansonnette interprétée par les participants au groupe “Pussy Riot” au cours de l’action – 4. Les actions des participants au groupe “Pussy Riot” réalisées par ceux-ci le 21 Février 2012 dans la Cathédrale du Christ-Sauveur peuvent être appréciées, à juste titre, comme réalisées en commun selon l’intention unifiée de l’action – 5. Tribunal Khamovniky de la ville de Moscou et Cour de cassation de la ville de Moscou.

  14. Análise da sintomatologia depressiva nos moradores do Abrigo Cristo Redentor através da aplicação da Escala de Depressão Geriátrica (EDG Analysis of depression in elderly living in the shelter " Christ the Redeemer" , applying the Scale of Geriatric Depression (SGD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisela Rocha de Siqueira

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi determinar a prevalência de depressão em idosos que residem no Abrigo Cristo Redentor, Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Pernambuco. Foi realizado estudo descritivo no período de setembro e outubro de 2006, com idosos de idade igual ou acima de 60 anos. A amostra foi composta de 55 idosos, que responderam à Escala de Depressão Geriátrica de Yesavage, com trinta perguntas. Foram realizadas análises de variância da prevalência dos sintomas de depressão entre ambos os sexos. A depressão foi identificada em 28 idosos (51%, dentre os quais dezoito homens (64,3% e dez mulheres (35,7%. Recomenda-se a criação de uma nova escala, mais simples e de entendimento mais fácil, para pacientes que têm nível cognitivo rebaixado.The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression in elderly living in the shelter " Christ the Redeemer" , in Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Pernambuco. A descriptive study was conducted in September and October 2006, with individuals aged 60 years or more. The sample consisted of 55 elderly, who answered the 30 questions of the Scale of Geriatric Depression of Yesavage. Analysis of variance of the prevalence of depression symptoms between both sexes was conducted. Depression was identified in 28 individuals (51%, 18 males (64,2% and 10 females (35,7%. We recommend the creation of a new scale, simpler and easier to understand for patients with lower cognitive level.

  15. Les roues du ciel de Sucevița. Brève investigation multidisciplinaire sur un élément plastique décoratif de la fresque intérieure de l’église « La Résurrection de Jésus Christ » du monastère de Sucevița / The Wheels of the Sky of Suceviţa. Brief Multidisciplinary Investigation over a Decorative Artistic Element of the Interior Fresco of the Church The Resurrection of Jesus Christ of the Monastery of Suceviţa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilian Adrian Gavrilean

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The Wheels of the Sky of Suceviţa. Brief Multidisciplinary Investigation over a Decorative Artistic Element of the Interior Fresco of the Church The Resurrection of Jesus Christ of the Monastery of Suceviţa. In the study Suceviţa’s wheels of the sky I have undertaken a multidisciplinary investigation of some ornamental elements like the stars painted on the inside wall painting of “Învierea Domnului” Church of Suceviţa Monastery and which are quite common elements at first sight in the sacred art of the Romanian Middle Ages. These stars are spectacular due to their size, spontaneity and quantity of design in the „sky” and maybe, especially due to the structure and the painting manner chosen by painters. Suceviţa’s sky is unique among all the important churches and monasteries built by voivodes between the 15th and 17th century in the North of Moldova: the painters Ioan and Sofronie painted symmetrically lots of big stars with angles formed of six rays as thin from center to the end. By using a nail and a wire or a compass they sketched equally spaced circles on which they traced the angles of the stars. After the recent restoration we do not know for sure if the circles were also golden circles as the stars but with the lapse of time they have become noticeable and now we have the so-called wheels of the sky. “Suceviţa’s sky” uniqueness lies not only in the technical innovation regarding star representation but also in its ability to raise some questions: are the stars inscribed in the circle pure ornamental elements taken from somewhere or are they symbols within the context of the monumental assembly? Is their source of inspiration only technical or also ideological? Why take pains to sketch some circles which would become invisible? Could this have been sketched only to exercise a new technique ? If they sketched the circles only as a guide mark in order to paint the stars symmetrically, why did they leave the circles

  16. 'Not to depart from Christ': Augustine between 'Manichaean' and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-04-10

    Apr 10, 2013 ... Both situations provided a certain kind of dialectic within which Augustine defined himself, in which Manichaeism served as far more than merely a negative pole. But to grasp the manner in which Manichaeism first shaped Augustine's religious sensibilities, and then continued to elicit responses from him ...

  17. Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome with cleft palate, absent nipples ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rabah M. Shawky

    2015-06-27

    Jun 27, 2015 ... depressed nasal bridge, saddle nose, dry lips, angular stomati- tis, high arched palate ... normal. Figure 1. Sparse, thin dry hair over the scalp, scanty eyebrows and eyelashes, frontal bossing, prominent supraorbital ridges, depressed ..... [2] Weech AA. Hereditary ectodermal dysplasia (congenital ectoder-.

  18. "If Jesus Christ Were amongst Them, They Would Deceive Him"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp, Tim; Bickmore, Charlotte

    2004-01-01

    During discussions about planning, Tim Kemp and Charlotte Bickmore recently concluded that despite the name they give to their major Year 8 unit (The Making of the United Kingdom), they tend mainly to focus on England, and even more especially, on London. They have a good point. Ask an average Year 8 student to describe Britain in, say, 1700, and…

  19. La vie de Jésus-Christ, du Docteur Strauss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Quinet

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Edgar Quinet est un de ces fils de la Révolution qui ont peur du vide.Lui qui sera dans le regret que la Révolution française n’ait pas su produire une religion nouvelle, découvre, effaré, les ruines de l’ancienne. Ce n’est pas qu’il crût, mais enfin, comme à ce vicaire savoyard dont il se méfiait, l’Évangile parlait à son cœur de fils de mère calviniste. Il y tenait comme à sa conscience morale. Et voici qu’un répétiteur de philosophie au séminaire protestant de Tübingen (Tubingue, ainsi qu’...

  20. A Christological approach to poverty in Africa: Following Christ ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-04-24

    Apr 24, 2015 ... The methodology used entails the evaluation of the challenges facing Africa concerning poverty. A background study of ... for the first time since 1994, the real GDP growth rate in sub-Saharan Africa was not sufficient to match the ... economic, social and political factors, lead to poverty O'Connor (1991:3ff.).

  1. the uniqueness of jesus christ and pluralism from the perspective

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    tinctive ethnic origin, cultural forms, religions, etc.” This is a mere fac- tual view of pluralism, which is found in most countries. This kind of pluralism has acquired the following ideological meaning in our time. (McGrath 1994:448): The different religions are essentially equal and equally valid. In a democracy no discrimination ...

  2. Caligula-Christ: Preliminary Study of a Parallel

    OpenAIRE

    Lorene M. Birden

    2010-01-01

    Caligula, at the very beginning of the Albert Camus play, conceives a very ambitious project; to surpass the gods and take their place in his empire, in order to decree impossibility. Camus has, however, gone a step further in developing the god-image of his main character through the incorporation of much Christian imagery into the scenes. This aspect of the play seems not to have been noticed by Camus scholars; there is no in-depth study of the use of this imagery. However, Camus scholar Pa...

  3. Max Weber or Jesus Christ: in whose image?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzpatrick, A M; Gaylor, C C

    1985-10-01

    The bureaucratic model of organization and the model that emerges from the Gospel and Vatican Council II provide a stark contrast for Catholic health care administrators to ponder. As articulated by sociologist Max Weber, a bureaucracy is based on a hierarchical structure with sharply defined and protected levels of authority, centralized decision making, rules that govern personnel behavior, and an impersonalized view of employees that stresses their roles as functionaries. The Christian, Gospel-based model, on the other hand, places a premium on collegiality, shared authority, the mediation of conscience, the common good, and the work of the individual. Even though only a few will shape management policy in a large hospital, policymaking should be viewed as a service, a ministry that entails stewardship. Catholic health care leaders should reflect the spirit of collegiality by bringing various strata of staff together in a dynamic, united effort. Thus the institution's statement of mission will not be an abstract recitation of pieties but a living reality, a philosophy that is "owned" by the workers.

  4. Towards a poetics of decolonization: Mongo Beti's The Poor Christ ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The sixa, a church establishment aimed at grooming young female converts in preparation for Christian marriage, is Father Drumont's signature project during his twenty-year tenure at the Bomba Mission. In practice, however, the sixa is a complete mockery of Catholicism and a subversion of African traditional marriages.

  5. Christ's crucifixion as a medico-historical event | Retief | Acta ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Acta Theologica. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 26, No 2 (2006) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Download this PDF file. The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser ...

  6. Environ: E00535 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available E00535 Polistes, Vespa and Vespula nest Vispae nidus Crude drug Calcium [CPD:C0007...6], Iron [CPD:C00023], Protein [CPD:C00017], Volatile oil Polistes mandarinus, Polistes [TAX:7456], Vespa [T...AX:7443], Vespula [TAX:7451] ... Vespidae Polistes mandarinus, Polistes, Vespa, Vespula nest (dried) ...

  7. The queen is not a pacemaker in the small-colony wasps Polistes instabilis and P. dominulus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jha, Shalene; Casey-Ford, Rowan G.; Pedersen, Jes Søe

    2006-01-01

    How work is organized varies in social insect colonies. Some investigators have argued that the queen plays an active role in regulating worker activity in species with small, simple colonies, but that work is self-organized in species with large, complex colonies. Here, we present data that sugg...

  8. Identification of three novel peptides isolated from the venom of the neotropical social wasp Polistes major major

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Čeřovský, Václav; Pohl, J.; Yang, Z.; Alam, N.; Attygalle, A. B.

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 13, č. 7 (2007), s. 445-450 ISSN 1075-2617 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : mastoparans * wasp kinins * chemotactic peptides Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 1.768, year: 2007

  9. “who is christ for us today?” bonhoeffer's question for the church

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    attempts to contribute to contemporary philosophical- theological dialogue by means of a meditation 'in', rather than merely 'upon' the method and style of Bonhoeffer”. For this attempt, he utilizes Bonhoeffer's so-called “dialectics of otherness” ...

  10. what profit is the reign of christ to us? the heidelberg catechism and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    felt especially in Germany, the Netherlands, Scotland, Hungary, in South. Africa and other African nations, among them Malawi, Nigeria and Zambia, in the United States, and in South Korea. Yet in many contexts attention also turned to just how foreign, distant, and even shocking the language and thought-world of the ...

  11. the use of scripture in the imitation of christ by thomas a kempis 1 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    complexity of human relations. The life of the church and the religiosity of the masses suffered under pressures from ecclesiastical taxes, simony, the secularisation of the clergy, the ... were the inheritance of the tradition. The Scriptures naturally occupied first place. The devout immersed themselves in the Vulgate and were.

  12. Soldier of Franco, Soldier of Christ: Roy Campbell and Spain in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    patriotic stand alongside Britain during World War II; his admiration for Franco and the Spanish National Movement with his active participation in the war against Hitler; or the latter with his defence of fascism as the most efficient of revolutions?

  13. The capitalist Christ of the Word of Life Church's unlimited women's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    “Unlimited” is a quarterly publication of the Word of Life Church women's ministry that was examined from a perspective of intertextuality and interdiscursivity. The paper focuses on the magazine's editorial article in order to characterise its discourse and its persuasive value. It concludes that the editorial was dominated by a ...

  14. the resurrection as christ's entry into his glory (lk. 24:26)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    by proclaiming Jesus as divine agent, as prophet-king who reveals God's name, testifies and judges the .... altered state of existence that differs from the prophetic expectation of a return from times of evil back to a ..... stands in the presence of the Lord (ὁ παρεστηκὼς ἐνώπιον τοῦ θεοῦ).27 Gabriel also indicates his own ...

  15. "Jesus Christ the Apple Tree": Preparing for Good Friday in a Literature and Environment Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Deborah C.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reflects on a visit by Christian poet John Terpstra to the final class session (on a Maundy Thursday) of my Literature and Environment course, to read his poetry suite on making a cross for his church out of a fruit-tree in an orchard being ploughed under for construction. Terpstra plays on the Stations of the Cross by interweaving the…

  16. Jesus Christ vis-à-vis osu and oru in Igboland: Towards ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study sets out to x-ray the conflicts of class distinction among the osu (those sacrificed to deities), oru (cult slave) and amadi (freeborn) in Igboland. The issues involved include title taking, identity, and settlement. Findings showed that they are all human beings; they segregate among themselves on the grounds of ritual ...

  17. The pendulum is never static: Jesus sira to Jesus Christ on women ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    When the New Testament is interpreted, directly preceding literature is largely neglected. The dialectical terms, discourse and contra-discourse do not often surface in research on this period. This is especially the case with reference to women. Jesus Ben Sira (ca. 196 BCE) as well as other wisdom writers had quite a ...

  18. Teaching as Jesus Making: The Hidden Curriculum of Christ in Schooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Kevin J.; Segall, Avner

    2015-01-01

    Background/Context: The ideas of teaching as salvation and teacher-as-martyr are not new concepts. Prior research, however, has largely failed to explore the historical and cultural religious roots that continue to inform the ways in which teachers are constructed. That is, though prior work has engaged with thinking about religion and thinking…

  19. A postmodern Christology with Christ but without the Son of God ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The cultural- political theology developed by Taylor, in which he 'moves' from autobiographical elements to theological reflection in addressing the postmodern trilemma in North America, is explained. It is shown how Taylor, through his cultural-political hermeneutics of tradition, unfolds his christology as a fourfold ...

  20. Where Kinsey, Christ, and Tila Tequila meet: discourse and the sexual (non)-binary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callis, April S

    2014-01-01

    Drawing on 80 interviews and 17 months of participant observation in Lexington, Kentucky, this article details how individuals drew on three areas of national and local discourse to conceptualize sexuality. Media, popular science, and religious discourses can be viewed as portraying sexuality bifocally--as both a binary of heterosexual/homosexual and as a non-binary that encompasses fluidity. However, individuals in Lexington drew on each of these areas of discourse differently. Religion was thought to produce a binary vision of sexuality, whereas popular science accounts were understood as both binary and not. The media was understood as portraying non-binary identities that were not viable, thus strengthening the sexual binary. These differing points of view led identities such as bisexual and queer to lack cultural intelligibility.

  1. God, the Christ and the spirit in William P. Young's bestseller The ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article consists mainly of two sections. The fi rst section considers the issue of reviewers of The shack often assessing its religious legitimacy and the value of its message by means of critically questioning its adherence to texts in the Christian Bible. The second section focuses on the accusation that, dogmatically seen, ...

  2. Sword of Christ. Christian inspirations of Polish socialism before the January Uprising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Kuligowski

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the history of the Christian fraction of Polish socialism against the background of the era, from the very beginning until its end after the January Uprising. On the basis of the texts from the era the understanding of socialism, the principles of the program of Clusters of the Polish People and the anatomy of Fr. Piotr Ściegienny’s conspiracy have been reconstructed. The text reproduces the utopian ideas of social reconstruction by Zenon Świętosławski and Ludwik Królikowski and based on these the text also shows the place of Christian socialism in the Polish socialist thought.

  3. the unified body of christ as biblical metaphor for being church

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    other's burdens. This being the ideal, the reality is that the church exists within an all-high Gini coefficient,1 with extreme poor and rich living in the same town and country, and on the same continent and planet. Due to limited access to appropriate health services, the poor reflect a higher HIV infection rate that turns into ...

  4. The First Church of Christ, Pragmatist: Christian Science and responsible optimism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruetenik, Tadd

    2012-12-01

    A common criticism of Christian Science is that it is neither Christian nor scientific. American psychologist and philosopher William James would not, I believe, share this view, even though he does make critical comments about Christian Science's orginator and her dogmatic followers. Following a suggestion of James, I distinguish two types of critical inquiry into Christian Science--outsider criticism and insider criticism--and show that the latter yields the better results. A pragmatic version of Christian Science can be offered that is distinct both from the myopic critics who malign it and from the dogmatic followers who recklessly adhere to it.

  5. The Challenge of Serving a Diverse Church: Being Christ for Others

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyle, Gregory J.

    2010-01-01

    Rev. Gregory Boyle, S.J., was ordained a priest in 1984 and shortly afterward became the pastor of Dolores Mission parish, serving from 1986-1992. While at Dolores Mission, he developed numerous programs for at-risk youth in the community. In 2001 his various projects assisting youths in gangs were united under one banner: Homeboy Industries.…

  6. christ as once for all sacrifice: a cultural reading of hebrews

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SACRIFICE: A CULTURAL READING. OF HEBREWS. ABSTRACT. The practice of sacrifices to the ancestors is still prevalent among some African. Christians and it is inspired by various factors such as religious considerations or political aspirations through African renaissance. Furthermore, scholars argue as to whether ...

  7. The joy of seeing Christ: A thematic study of joy in the Gospel of John

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gert J.C. Jordaan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available An investigation of the recurring references to joy in the fourth Gospel brings to light that joy is developed in the Gospel as a distinct theme. This theme is developed in typical Johannine style within a spiral-like pattern, with its climax in the joy of seeing Jesus as the risen Lord. Furthermore, starting with Abraham in the Old Testament and climaxing in Jesus’ appearance after his resurrection, joy in the fourth Gospel is evolved within the broad theological framework of God’s covenant and his kingdom. Blydskap om Christus te sien: ’n Tematiese studie van blydskap in die Johannes-Evangelie.’n Ondersoek na die herhaalde verwysings na blydskap in die vierde Evangelie bring aan die lig dat blydskap in hierdie Evangelie tot ’n selfstandige tema uitgebou word. Die tema is volgens die tipiese spiraalpatroon van Johannes se gedagtegang gerangskik, met sy klimaks in die blydskap daarvan om Jesus as die opgestane Here te sien. Binne hierdie patroon word die blydskaptema vanaf Abraham in die Ou Testament tot by Jesus se verskyning ná sy opstanding openbaringshistories ontvou en binne die breë raamwerk van die verbond en die koninkryk van God ontwikkel.

  8. Soldier of Franco, Soldier of Christ: Roy Campbell and Spain in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    After Roy Campbell's death in Portugal in 1956, Alan Paton gave future students of the poet very sound advice: he warned us not to try to understand the man, not to look for consistency in his political statements or even in his outlook on life, for “[t]here was only one base to Campbell's philosophy and that was Campbell ...

  9. what profit is the reign of christ to us? the heidelberg catechism and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the wide breadth of meaning of “hate” and argues that the catechism offers a deep and realistic understanding of sin. Above all, however ... also turned to just how foreign, distant, and even shocking the language and thought-world of the Catechism had ... E-mail: maw.pnj@web.de. Produced by SUN MeDIA Bloemfontein ...

  10. Le Christ-roi : Autel et couronne votive dans l’Espagne wisigothique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Deswarte

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Depuis la découverte en 1858 d’un trésor à deux kilomètres du village de Las Huertas de Guarrazar (à une dizaine de kilomètres de Tolède, ses objets précieux, en particulier des couronnes et des croix en or ornées de perles et de pierres, ont connu diverses vicissitudes : tandis qu'une partie de ce trésor disparaissait définitivement en raison de l’intervention trop tardive de l’Etat espagnol, plusieurs pièces parvenaient en France ; en outre, furent volées en 1921 au Palais royal de Madrid ...

  11. Sacrifice of the Mass and the Sacrifice of Christ: Thomas Aquinas against Later Thomists

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goris, Harm; Houtman, Alberdina; Poorthuis, Marcel; Schwartz, Joshua; Turner, Yossi

    2014-01-01

    According to Aquinas, Christ’s body and blood are really present in the Eucharist, his historical sacrifice on the cross is not. The latter is said to be ‘represented’ in the Eucharist, but the expression does not mean that it is made present in the way Christ’s body and blood are. Christ’s passion

  12. How much do we really know about the lives of early Christ followers?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    2011-06-07

    Jun 7, 2011 ... This line of thinking tends to appear in older Mediterranean anthropologists, almost all of whom are from England or America. Those who have followed these ... probably sounded more contemporary in the Greek cities of the Roman East, where it connoted a civic assembly of citizens. These assemblies ...

  13. Enjoying God's Death: "The Passion of the Christ" and the Practices of an Evangelical Public

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundberg, Christian

    2009-01-01

    Publics are not simply a product of common attention to texts, but are also animated by an economy of tropes and affects that relies on processes of metonymic connection, metaphorical condensation, and affective investment. Drawing on Jacques Lacan's theory of enjoyment and his treatments of metaphor and metonymy as rhetorical forms, this essay…

  14. Christ, the Spirit and the Community of God: Essays on the Acts of the Apostles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwiep, A.W.

    2010-01-01

    This volume collects text-critical, exegetical and biblical-theological essays on the Acts of the Apostles, dealing primarily with the opening chapters of Acts in the wider context of first-century Christianity and its Umwelt. The articles include treatments of the ascension and exaltation of Jesus

  15. Adult Learners and Spiritual Formation: Exploring Outcomes at Christ-Centered Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkley, Heather R.

    2017-01-01

    The limited research on adult learners and spiritual formation has created a knowledge gap regarding whether bachelor's degree-completion students value the faith aspects of their education at Christian colleges. As this population grows, so does the need to better understand if the spiritual components of adult programs are having an impact and…

  16. The biological father of jesus Christ: a critique of James Tabor's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    West African Journal of Industrial and Academic Research ... factors that affect scholars in the scientific studies of Religion and several ways thesescientific tools have been employed for theological studies which have led to the formation of various concepts and religious doctrines about Jesus' nature and birth in particular.

  17. ВІРА ХРИСТОВА ЯК ОСНОВА ЗАКОНУ: РЕЛІГІЯ В ЖИТТІ І ТВОРЧОСТІ МИКОЛИ КОСТОМАРОВА / THE FAITH OF CHRIST AS THE FOUNDATION OF LAW: RELIGION IN THE LIFE AND CREATIVE ACTIVITY OF MYKOLA KOSTOMAROV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Лідія ВИЛКА

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Вилка Лидия. Вера Христова как основа закона: религия в жизни и творчестве Николая Костомарова. В статье исследовано роль религии в жизни и творческой деятельности Н. Костомарова. Сосредоточено внимание на том, что выдающийся писатель и выдающийся ученый очень хорошо знал историю и философию христианского учения, глубоко знал Закон Божий. У своих работах Н. Костомаров акцентировал, что каждый славянский народ должен заботится, чтоб «вера Христова была основанием закона его государства. Ключевые слова: европейский романтизм, философские направления, рациональные познания, конфесионализм, религиозные течения, Кирило-Мефодиевское братство. Vylka L. The Faith of Christ as the Foundation of Law: Religion in the Life and Creative Activity of Mykola Kostomarov. This article explores the role of religion in the life and creative activity of M. Kostomarov. The author focuses upon the fact that the distinguished writer and the prominent scholar exposed а detailed erudition in the questions of history and philosophy of Christian doctrine. The article presents facts and arguments which show that M. Kostomarov considered the law of God with deep understanding and piety. In his writings M. Kostomarov stressed upon the idea that each Slavic people should endeavor to make «the faith of Christ the basis of their State law». According to his position within the sphere of education, there should be superiority of the spiritual

  18. Essential oils and their compositions as spatial repellents for pestiferous social wasps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qing-He; Schneidmiller, Rodney G; Hoover, Doreen R

    2013-04-01

    The study objectives were: (1) to field test potential repellency of common essential oils against several pestiferous social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae), using attractant-baited traps; (2) to identify vespid antennally active compounds from the repellent essential oils; (3) to determine potential repellency of these electroantennographic detection (EAD) active compounds in the field. Of the 21 essential oils tested, 17 showed significant repellency on yellowjackets [mainly Vespula pensylvanica (Saussure)] and paper wasps [mainly Polistes dominulus (Christ)]: clove, pennyroyal, lemongrass, ylang ylang, spearmint, wintergreen, sage, rosemary, lavender, geranium, patchouli, citronella, Roman chamomile, thyme, fennel seed, anise and peppermint. Two essential oil mixtures - 3EO-mix (clove, geranium and lemongrass) and 4EO-mix (clove, geranium, lemongrass and rosemary) - totally blocked the attraction of vespid workers. Twenty-nine vespid antennally active compounds were identified from solid-phase microextraction (SPME) samples of 11 strongly repellent essential oils by GC-EAD/MS techniques. Among the synthetic EAD-active compounds field tested, eugenol, P/I-menthone, pulegone, α/β-thujone, l-carvone, E/Z-citral, citronellal, methyl benzoate, benzyl acetate, methyl salicylate and 3-octanol showed a significant repellency on vespid workers. These compounds are likely responsible for the repellency of their corresponding essential oils. These repellent essential oils and their active compositions have great potential for efficient, environmentally sound semiochemical-based IPM of pestiferous vespid wasps. © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry.

  19. Actinomycetes with antimicrobial activity isolated from paper wasp (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Polistinae) nests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madden, Anne A; Grassetti, Andrew; Soriano, Jonathan-Andrew N; Starks, Philip T

    2013-08-01

    Actinomycetes-a group of antimicrobial producing bacteria-have been successfully cultured and characterized from the nest material of diverse arthropods. Some are symbionts that produce antimicrobial chemicals found to protect nest brood and resources from pathogenic microbes. Others have no known fitness relationship with their associated insects, but have been found to produce antimicrobials in vitro. Consequently, insect nest material is being investigated as a new source of novel antimicrobial producing actinomycetes, which could be harnessed for therapeutic potential. To extend studies of actinomycete-insect associations beyond soil-substrate dwelling insects and wood boring excavators, we conducted a preliminary assessment of the actinomycetes within the nests of the paper wasp, Polistes dominulus (Christ). We found that actinomycetes were readily cultured from nest material across multiple invasive P. dominulus populations-including members of the genera Streptomyces, Micromonospora, and Actinoplanes. Thirty of these isolates were assayed for antimicrobial activity against the challenge bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Serratia marcescens, and Bacillus subtilis. Sixty percent of isolates inhibited the growth of at least one challenge strain. This study provides the first assessment of bacteria associated with nests of P. dominulus, and the first record of antimicrobial producing actinomycetes isolated from social wasps. We provide a new system to explore nest associated actinomycetes from a ubiquitous and cosmopolitan group of insects.

  20. Dancing as an Aspect of Early Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints) and Utah Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holbrook, Leona

    Dance has often been a significant part of a cultural heritage. Most of the religious organizations which were formed just after the United States achieved its independence, however, rejected many European religious customs, including dance. Despite this, the Mormon church not only allowed dance, but advocated and sponsored it. Dance was an…

  1. Centro de Arte «Christ's Hospital» Horsham Gran Bretaña

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howell, -

    1980-05-01

    Full Text Available This work consists of a theatre and classrooms, apart from the already existing music school, which a large «U» is formed, with the theatre in the centre. The program comprises 9 history, geography and economics classrooms, a library and a seminary. The music school, for its part, contains 10 classrooms, 41 individual practice rooms, an orchestra or choir hall, a library and a small recitals centre. Finally, the theatre has a variable distribution system, which permits its capacity to be increased from 450 to 580 seats.

    Esta obra comprende un teatro y salas de clase, además de la escuela de música ya existente, con la que configuran una gran «U» que sitúa el teatro en su parte central. El programa comprende 9 salas de clase de historia, geografía, y economía, una biblioteca y un seminario. Por su parte la escuela de música contiene 10 salas de clase, 41 salas de prácticas individuales, un salón para orquesta o coros, una biblioteca y un pequeño centro de recitales. Por último el teatro dispone de un sistema de distribución variable, que permite aumentar su capacidad de 450 a 580 asientos.

  2. Creating Space for God in the Lives of Millennials by Leveraging Technology to Practice a Spiritual Discipline Modeled by Christ

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. John, Kelvin Wesley

    2013-01-01

    Today's Millennials, the first generation to reach their majority in this millennium, often compartmentalize their faith lives from their social and work lives. MidAmerica Nazarene University (MNU) offers a course in Spiritual Formation once each spring. The enrollment for this elective course ranges from twelve to eighteen students per class.…

  3. Reading Images of Christ: Masculinity and Homosexuality as Sites of Struggle in Popular Religious Images of Jesus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Samson

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The attitude towards homosexuality has become one of the key markers of political identity. In Europe as well as in Northern America it has been used by different groups to promote their views. Especially between fundamentalist Christians and politically as well as religiously liberal people it has become a significant topic of contestation. This article argues that this struggle not only takes place on a textual, but also on a visual discursive level, in which the image of the Sacred Heart of Jesus is central. An analysis of the representation of Jesus’ masculinity in this image shows that different groups, Polish fundamentalists at a pilgrimage site and liberal American producers of a satiric website, use different versions of the same image to either counter or support public acceptance of homosexuality.

  4. Was the Pyx of Mělník (with the Image of Christ on the Mount of Olives) Utraquist?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Všetečková, Zuzana

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 59, Spec.iss.3 (2011), s. 315-331 ISSN 0015-1831. [Symposium on the Bohemian Reformation and Religious Practice /8./. Praha, 17.06.2008-20.06.2008] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80330511 Keywords : Bohemia * about 1500 * goldsmith * pyx with Mount of Olives * Church of Sts. Peter and Paul in Mělník or Augustian Monastery in Mělník-Pšovka Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage http://www.brrp.org/proceedings/brrp8/vseteckova.pdf

  5. Historicity of The Resurrection: A Theological Approach of Evidence of The Resurrection of Christ In The New Testament

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Astika

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Jesus is the resurrection and the life. He'll never wear grave clothesagain. When he appeared to his disciples after the resurrection, heappeared not in a shroud of death, but walking in endless life.The Lord Jesus is the Son of God who became man. He is very Godand very man. He was crucified, he died and was buried, and he wasraised from the dead on the third day according to the Scriptures.The proofs of resurrection can be found both in the Scripture andalso in the history. Historically, the empty tomb and Jesus appearancesto His disciples and many of His followers are clear proving that theresurrection of Chris is real. Biblically, it was the main preaching andteaching of the apostles. Beside that Jesus Himself prophesied andteaches about His resurrection.These three great facts--the resurrection appearances, the emptytomb, and the origin of the Christian faith--all point unavoidably to oneconclusion: The resurrection of Jesus. Today the rational man can hardlybe blamed if he believes that on that first Easter morning a divine miracleoccurred. Further fact is, if no resurrection, there will no church, therewill no Christianity. Because of Jesus resurrection, the believers haveassurance future life. Because He lives, there is hope for the future; thereis certain hope for the salvation of the believers.

  6. Diagnostic investigation and historical-stylistic evaluation of oil painting on metal board. Example of “Christ Crucified with two mourning angels”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Lorusso

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available The oil painting on metal board (40 x 30 cm under study was bought from the antiquarian French market and bears a very common representation that derives from one of Michelangelo’s designs: “Cristo Crocifisso con due angeli dolenti”. The present paper not only refers to a stylistic and historical-artistic assessment, but also alludes to knowledge in a general sense through diagnostic technique and preservation conditions. The results of the diagnostic study, together with the stylistic analysis, have confirmed that the painting is an ancient one that dates back to the first decades of the XVIIth century.

  7. God, the Christ and the Spirit in William P. Young’s bestseller The shack seen from a Pauline and Johannine perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andries G. van Aarde

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Among its more than a million readers, The shack has empowered traditionalists and seekers among Christian spirituals but has also been condemned for patripassionism and modalism. This article consists mainly of two sections. The first section considers the issue of reviewers of The shack often assessing its religious legitimacy and the value of its message by means of critically questioning its adherence to texts in the Christian Bible. The second section focuses on the accusation that, dogmatically seen, The shack’s narrative point of view is heresy, especially because of its nonstandard view of Christian dogma with regard to God Triune. The aim of the article is to argue that a great deal of commonality exists between the author of The shack and both Pauline and Johannine mysticism. With regard to their God talk, the author and these biblical writers express more of a present immanent communion with the transcendental God than an expectancy of authenticity that still lies in the future and exists outside humankind’s immanent time and space. It is as if they draw the end time into the sphere of the here and now by passionately talking about communion with God as a process of the future, inhaled by the present. By doing so, the God-threesome meet wounded humankind in a ‘shack’, not in the ‘church’ as such or ‘Scripture’ as such as if God could be placed in a box.

  8. The stone synthronon and the frieze of fresco icons in the altar in the Church of the Ascension of Christ in Žiča

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radujko Milan D.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The semi-circular exedra at the end of the altar apse, with a single or step-like bench and a cathedra in the centre, is among the important, focal points in the liturgical rites of the Orthodox Christian Church: the hierarchs dwells in the "upper place" several times during the Divine Liturgy. Here, in the act of enthronement, he receives the administration of his church. The synthronon is reserved for the co-administrants. The function of this part of the building soon began to influence the programme of the painted ornamentation. Among the mechanisms linking the exedra and the painting in the altar area, one can distinguish the translation of the symbolic base of the cathedra in the upper place and the synthronon in the programme and the adaptation of the ornaments to their liturgical and ritual application. The painting of the lowest zone of the apse in Žiča, the initial seat of the autocephalous Serbian church, comprises both these principles. It is testimony of the mutual inter-relationship of the function of the space, and the symbolism and painting that was created from it...

  9. ON THE CONCEPT «PERSONALITY» IN REFATION TO THE TRIUNE GOD AND THE GODMAN JESUS CHRIST INT HE ORTHODOX DOGMATIC THEOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. SHICHALIN

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available The criticism of the concept of personality in modern Orthodox theology is the main issue of this paper. In the fi rst part the usage of this concept in the «Dogmatic theology» by V. N. Lossky is considered. The second part explains those trends in the modern European philosophy (the polemics about ideas of Spinosa, German idealism, philosophical personalism and intellectual movements which inspired the introduc-tion of the concept of personality in the structure of Orthodox theology of the XXth century.

  10. Guy Stresser-Péan, Le Soleil-Dieu et le Christ. La christianisation des Indiens du Mexique vue de la sierra de Puebla

    OpenAIRE

    Becquelin, Pierre

    2007-01-01

    L’ouvrage traite successivement de l’évangélisation des Indiens du Mexique central, des particularités de cette entreprise dans la sierra de Puebla, où coexistent diverses ethnies (Totonaque, Nahua et Otomi), et de la vie religieuse actuelle de ces populations. Ainsi que le révèle l’auteur, de nombreuses enquêtes le conduisirent à « traiter le grand thème général de la christianisation et de l’existence du syncrétisme pagano-chrétien dans la Sierra de Puebla ». L’étude de la religion actuelle...

  11. Kataphysical inquiry, onto-relationality and elemental forms in T.F. Torrance’s doctrine of the mediation of Jesus Christ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin M. Davis

    2013-06-01

    Die leer van die versoening van Christus in die wetenskaplike teologie van T.F. Torrance berus op die fundamentele metodologiese aanname dat kennis volgens die aard(kataphysin van die voorwerp van wetenskaplike ondersoek verwerf word. Om God deur die vleesgeworde Seun (wat een in wese met die Vader is te ken, is om Hom in noue ooreenstemming met sy wese en daarom op ’n teologies-wetenskaplike wyse te ken. Volgens Torrance se katafisiese metode is aprioriese kennis van God nie moontlik nie, omdat die ontologie aan die epistemologie voorafgaan. Aangesien die fundamentele kenmerke van die werklikheid relasioneel eerder as atomisties is, vereis ’n wetenskaplik-teologiese benadering tot die leer van die versoening van Christus dat die ondersoek binne die kader van ‘wesensbepalende’ verhoudings of ‘onto-verhoudings’ plaasvind. Dit is immers laasgenoemde wat Christus se identiteit as vleesgeworde Verlosser van die wêreld blootlê. Deur die beginsel van logiese eenvoud toe te pas, kan die omvangryke en sporadiese idees van Torrance gereduseer word tot ’n kleiner aantal kernelemente wat op ’n unitêre, ondubbelsinnige wyse die ‘onto-verhoudings’ wat die identiteit van die vleesgeworde Seun verteenwoordig, duidelik beskryf. Die vernaamste kernelemente van Torrance se leer oor die middelaarskap is die Niceaanse homoousion en die Chalcedoniese leer van die wesenseenheid. Twee opvallende, parallelle kernelemente by die leer van die wesenseenheid is die leer van die verlossing op grond van die vleeswording en die plaasvervangende mensheid van Jesus Christus. Hierdie kernelemente verskaf ’n konsepsuele lens waardeur ’n teologiese, holistiese beskouing van die middelaarskap van Jesus Christus in die wetenskaplike teologie van T.F. Torrance ondersoek kan word.

  12. Belonging to Christ and Belonging to the Church: The Story of Every Christian. An Ecclesiological Reflection on the Sacrament of Baptism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prokop Brož

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the sacrament of baptism in three perspectives. First it shows how baptism is incorporated in the historical existence of a Christian and constitutes the foundational event not only of the history of the human person in general, but of the history of salvation of every human person. The second perspective develops the soteriological character of baptism. In light of Christ’s salutary work seen within the so called “soteriological arch” (H. U. von Balthasar the scope of transformation of the human subject is shown. The third part perceives the human subject incorporated by the Holy Spirit in the whole of the Church which is sacramentally ordered. The conclusion summarizes the basic theses of the paper. Patřit Kristu a patřit do církve: příběh každého křesťana. Ekleziologická reflexe nad svátostí křtu Článek pojednává o svátosti křtu ve trojí perspektivě. Nejprve ukazuje, jak se křest začleňuje do dějinné existence křesťana a vytváří základní událost nejen obecně dějin lidské osoby, ale dějin spásy každé lidské osoby. Druhá perspektiva rozvádí soteriologický rys křtu. Ve světle Kristova spásného díla, nahlédnutého v rámci tzv. soteriologického oblouku (H. U. von Balthasar je ukázán dosah proměny lidského subjektu. Třetí část nahlíží lidský subjekt Duchem svatým začleněný do celku církve, jež je uspořádána jako svátostný řád. Závěr shrnuje základní teze článku.

  13. Where Christ did not go: men, women and Frusculicchi. Gender identity disorder (GID): epistemological and ethical issues relating to the psychiatric diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giordano, Simona

    2011-09-01

    Gender Identity Disorder (GID) is classified as a mental illness and included in the DSM-IV and ICD-1O. It will also be included in the DSM-V. The psychiatric diagnosis, in spite of some apparent advantages, has significant psychological and social adverse implications. This paper discusses some of the main epistemological reasons to consider gender variance as a mental disorder. It will also evaluate whether reasons of other kinds (pragmatic, rather than epistemological) may justify the inclusion of gender variance amongst mental illnesses.

  14. Christ-Centered, Diverse, and Academically Excellent: The Origins of a Possible Model for Christian Schooling in the Twenty-First Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, James

    2006-01-01

    During the last third of the twentieth century, Christian schooling in the United States was typically identified with the growing conservative, evangelical Protestant movement of that time period. After several United States Supreme Court cases had effectively secularized public schooling by the mid-1960s, the American educational landscape was…

  15. “Por cristo luto; por cristo vos conclamo”. Plínio Salgado e o catolicismo no Brasil: um casamento perfeito? = "Mourning in christ; christ in you I call". Plínio Salgado and Catholicism in Brazil: a perfect marriage?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliveira, Alexandre Luís de

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem por objetivo demonstrar o quanto à separação do Estado com a religião, processo conhecido como secularização, enfrentou resistência por parte de lideranças políticas da década de 1930, em especial o Chefe Nacional da Ação Integralista Brasileira (AIB, Plínio Salgado. Suas posições se pautavam na resistência a um processo que havia se iniciado já no fim do século XIX, com a Proclamação da República e a não mais associação entre Estado brasileiro e Igreja Católica Romana. Sua atuação foi marcadamente influenciada por uma religiosidade aflorada, e em seus textos ficou evidente a tentativa de manter o Estado atrelado ao catolicismo. Juntamente a esses fatos, demonstramos o quanto as relações das lideranças católicas e Plínio Salgado foram repletas de movimentos de aproximação e distanciamento, principalmente devido à desconfiança dessas em relação ao futuro político do Brasil. Nosso esforço é no sentido de compreender o quanto esse processo de secularização não foi pacífico e muito menos aceito por toda a sociedade da época

  16. Ankara Vespidae (Insecta, Hymenoptera) Türleri Üzerine Faunistik Çalışmalar ve Ekolojik Gözlemler

    OpenAIRE

    TÜZÜN, Ayla; KEKİLLİOĞLU, Aysel

    2003-01-01

    Bu araştırma, 1998-2001 yılları arasında Türkiye’nin başkenti Ankara ili civarında yapılan arazi çalışmaları sonucunda elde edilen 683 örneğe dayanmaktadır. Çalışma sonucunda 4 cinse ait (Vespa, Vespula, Dolichovespula, Polistes ) 9 tür ve 1 alt tür; Vespa orientalis Linnaeus, 1771, Vespula (Paravespula) germanica (Fabricius, 1793), Vespula (Paravespula) vulgaris (Linnaeus, 1758), Dolichovespula (Metavespula) slyvestris (Scopoli, 1763), Polistes (s.str.) gallicus (Linnaeus, 1767), Polistes (s...

  17. Man and Woman in Literature – Being in the Mystery of Christ. The Interpretation of Jaroslav Durych’s Prose about the Relation between Man and Woman from the View of Theological Anthropology

    OpenAIRE

    Jan Hojda

    2017-01-01

    In this article, we are trying to interpret the artistic expression of the relation between man and woman in the prose of a Czech writer, Jaroslav Durych (1886–1962). We highlight how Durych’s literary work portrays the mutuality between man and woman and how it grasps the question of its sense. At the same time, while regarding literature as a symbolic expression of human way of being, we want to enter into dialog with this literary quest and formulate a theological answer to it. The theolog...

  18. Imitatio Christi and the holy folly of divine violence: The church as ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The calling of the church is to follow Christ (imitatio Christi). What does this calling entail? Following Žižek's and Derrida's interpretation of Benjamin's interpretation of law and violence, the paper will argue that the call to follow Christ is not to subvert the law, but as Paul argues - Christ came to destroy the law. In this article ...

  19. Observance of the Law in Romans 14–15 and Dialogue with Trypho ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-02-10

    Feb 10, 2012 ... Utilising the symbolic interactionist study of deviance, this article compares the treatment of. Law-observant Christ-followers in Romans 14–15 and Justin Martyr's Dialogue with Trypho. 47, in order to understand better the declining status of Law-observant Christ-followers in the early Christ-movement.

  20. An Adamic incarnational Christological framework as a theological approach for African contextual ministry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magezi, Vhumani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Many African Christian thinkers and writers are responding to the foreignness of Christ in African Christianity by treating Christ under the traditional African ancestral category. However, it is our contention that the designation of the ancestral category to Christ has a tendency of diminishing the actuality of Christ as God incarnate and encouraging syncretism in African Christianity. Given this, this paper proposes and formulates an Adamic incarnational Christological model as an alternative response to the foreignness of Christ in African Christianity. In employing the anhypostastic and enhypostastic principles, we demonstrate that Jesus Christ is not a foreigner to African Christians, since the human nature he assumed in the incarnation is a general human nature which embraces all humankind. In establishing the Adam-Christ relationship in Romans 5:12-21 and 1 Corinthians 15:21-22, we advance Adam as a biblical-theological category in enhancing the relevance of Christ to Africans. It is from this perspective that our Adamic incarnational Christological model proposes that in the incarnation, God in Christ fully identified with all mankind as the New Adam, acting from the ontological depth of his divine-human existence to save African Christians from sin and all its consequences, including death and opposing spiritual forces. Thus, our own model underscores the relevance of Christ to African Christians by emphasizing Christs complete solidarity with all humanity as the New Adam.

  1. Patronal'nye izobraženija v programme rospisej Spasskoj cerkvi Evfrosin'eva monastyrja v Polocke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarab'janov Vladimir

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The murals of Christ`s Transfiguration cathedral in Polotsk (ca. 1161, which were revealed during restoration in the last several years, include several thematic strata. Among them especially notable is a group of images, related to the patron saints. Distinguished among them are the figures of the patron saints of the Polotsk ducal family, to which St. Euphrosynia of Polotsk, the founder of the monastery and the builder of the Christ`s Church, belonged. The composition “Exaltation of the Cross” is set in one row with the patron saints, thus revealing semantic correlation with the ktitors` portrait in Kiev Saint Sophia and some other Kiev churches of tenth and eleventh centuries, where the idea of Russia becoming a member of Christian community is developed. At the same time, the patron theme is deeply intertwined with the purpose of the Christ`s Church to serve as a family burial for St. Euphrosynia.

  2. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    males may carry smaller volumes of nectar than females. Males became increasingly scarce relative to females as the season progressed. KEYWORDS: solitary wasps, territoriality, foraging, Port Said, Egypt. INTRODUCTION. In Egypt, the aggressive black and yellow wasp (Polistes dominulus) and the brown- yellow hornet ...

  3. A mechanical signal biases caste development in a social wasp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sainath Suryanarayanan; John C. Hermanson; Robert L. Jeanne

    2011-01-01

    Understanding the proximate mechanisms of caste development in eusocial taxa can reveal how social species evolved from solitary ancestors. In Polistes wasps, the current paradigm holds that differential amounts of nutrition during the larval stage cause the divergence of worker and gyne (potential queen) castes. But nutrition level alone cannot explain how the first...

  4. Lipase and phospholipase activities of Hymenoptera venoms ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    native gel), Polistes flavis venom has four major protein bands, one of which has lipase activity; with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS-PAGE), the venom had eighteen bands with molecular weights ranging from a maximum of 94 kD and a minimum of ...

  5. On the side of Barrabas or on the side of Christ. The harassment again the secular private schools in Spain, 1880-1910 Con Barrabás o con Cristo. El acoso a la escuela laica en España, 1880-1910

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel LÁZARO LORENTE

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The introduction of secular education in Spain from the eighties in the nineteenth century will come from the hand of associations linked to freethinking and masonry, of Republican groups, and of anarchist groups. Since its inception, its development was extremely difficult. Funding was not readily available for premises, nor was for teachers or appropriate textbooks. But, above all, proponents of the secular school will soon have to face systematic harassment by the Spanish Church, social groups and the Conservatives who, at all levels, will oppose a fierce resistance to the timid and limited attempts of secularization in the Spanish social life. In that effort, the secular school should have played an important role, which will, in fact, be severely limited by the small number of secular schools put in place in Spain.La introducción de la escuela laica en España a partir de los años ochenta del siglo XIX vendrá de la mano de asociaciones vinculadas al librepensamiento y la masonería, de agrupaciones republicanas y de grupos anarquistas. Desde sus comienzos, su desarrollo resultó extraordinariamente difícil. No resultaba fácil disponer de financiación para los locales, ni tampoco contar con el profesorado y los libros de texto adecuados. Pero, sobre todo, los impulsores de la escuela laica pronto van a tener que afrontar el acoso sistemático de la Iglesia española y de los grupos sociales y políticos más conservadores que, a todos los niveles, opondrán una feroz resistencia a los tímidos y limitados intentos de secularización de la vida social española. En ese esfuerzo, la escuela laica debía haber jugado un importante papel, que quedará seriamente limitado por el reducido número de escuelas laicas realmente instaladas en España.

  6. “Seeing the error of my ways”. Revisiting Paul's paradigmatic, self ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... of the active presence of God's grace, which ontologically transformed his religious status, as well as his understanding of Christ. In this new relationship, based solely on the grace of God, fitting responses by all grateful recipients entail public confessions of previous error and incessant hard work for the sake of Christ.

  7. Theologen van de twintigste eeuw en de Christologie | Van de Beek ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Wolfhart Pannenberg (7) tried to argue that Christ was the ultimate evidence of the divinity of Israels God. The resurrection of Jesus is the objective proof of God. Jurgen Moltmann (8) is in some ways close to Pannenberg, but he stresses strongly that Christ is an expression of Gods self-limitation, culminating in the crucified ...

  8. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. H-J Christ. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 28 Issue 1-2 February-April 2003 pp 147-165. Thermomechanical fatigue – Damage mechanisms and mechanism-based life prediction methods · H-J Christ A Jung H J Maier R Teteruk · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. An existing extensive ...

  9. Healing and coping with life within challenges of spiritual insecurity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The insecurity among other things arises from African people's former traditional African ancestral world view of ancestral veneration. The ancestors promote or ... The article argues for the foundational status of Christ as a sinless representative of humanity as the controlling framework. In doing so, Christ's sinlessness and ...

  10. Canonical understanding of the sacrifice of Isaac: The influence of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-07-08

    Jul 8, 2016 ... NT verses do not grant atoning power to the sacrifice of Isaac. Abraham's portrait suggests. Christ as the Beloved Son, but the vicarious death of Jesus on the Cross is unrelated to Isaac in. Genesis 22. Isaac is the type of Christ only in the preparation of death. Jesus as the Tamid lamb. (not as the Paschal ...

  11. 'n Prakties-teologiese besinning oor die begeleiding en toerusting ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The authors drew a conclusion from their research that children who serve in diakonia and also in obedience to Christ, are also people that are enabled to show the attitude of Jesus Christ towards the world. Parents and other believers must serve in mentoring children. By mentoring children in their diakonia, they enable ...

  12. Die waarde van die Ou Testament volgens HF Kohlbrugge: die Ou ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    THE VALUE OF THE OLD TESTAMENT ACCORDING TO H.F. KOHLBRUGGE: THE OLD TESTAMENT AS AUTHORITATIVE WORD OF GOD THAT PROCLAIMS CHRIST. The great passion in the life of Hermann Friedrich Kohlbrugge (1803-1875) was to give Christ his rightful place in theology. This article deals with his ...

  13. 32 CFR 199.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... States. It includes duty on the active list, full-time training duty, annual training duty, and... Christian Science Nurse by the Department of Care of the First Church of Christ, Scientist, Boston... is granted by the Department of Care of the First Church of Christ, Scientist, Boston, Massachusetts...

  14. A pastoral narrative group developmental model for volunteers of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The first aim was to facilitate growth in understanding that every person was born in the “Narrative of God” (Ps. 139) and baptised in the name of God, Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:19). Each person therefore has value in Jesus Christ. A second aim was to facilitate the developing of lay-counselling skills by ...

  15. the reception of galatians 2:20 in the patristic period and in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    But abstracted from this context, the basic agreement is clear: the Christian's identity is fully defined by Christ. When Augustine claims that Christians are above the law, he does not mean that Christians should not live in righteousness. On the contrary, because Christ lives in them, their works are his works, the works of love.

  16. The role of the narrator in “man of Nazareth” by Anthony Burgess ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Giving his own interpretation of the Apostles' archetypal features and the image of Jesus Christ, Burgess also compromises the origin nature of the narrator. The author gives him the name of the son of Sadoc, the ancestor of Jesus Christ, tearing the Old Testament connection. Keywords: English literature of the twentieth ...

  17. Observance of the Law in Romans 14–15 and Dialogue with Trypho ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-02-10

    Feb 10, 2012 ... Law-observant Christ-followers in Romans 14–15 and Justin Martyr's Dialogue with Trypho. 47, in order to ... Paul accepts Law-observant Christ-followers, his preference for non-observance decreases the status of those who ..... and hospitality (Esler 2003:347).13 Furthermore, Paul tells the strong not to ...

  18. A Study of Ngugi wa Thiong'o's Novels

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    chifaou.amzat

    2017-06-21

    Jun 21, 2017 ... the Mind, among others), Ngugi consistently engages issues of social injustice. * Department of English, Obafemi ..... He nurses a vision of himself and his children repossessing the house after the war: ... Christ-like image with his actions, one of them, a parody of the last supper of Christ with his disciples ...

  19. “SEEING THE ERRoR of My WAyS”. REvISITING PAul'S ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Christ's appearance to him in 1 Corinthians 15:8-10 is presented initially with a deep sense of shame”. ... Twelve centuries before him St. Augustine stated in similar fashion: “Si enim fallor sum” (Civ. Dei II.26). However, as luca .... Paul does not describe the appearance of the resurrected Christ as a conversion experience.

  20. Persuasion in Romans 5:12–21 | Snyman | HTS Teologiese Studies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is argued that the pericope, Romans 5:12–21, forms an integral part of Paul's rhetorical strategy, aimed at persuading his audience in Rome to share his views on the contrast between Adam and Christ: Adam's sin brought death into the world, but faith in Christ brings eternal life. In the process of persuasion, Paul uses ...

  1. NURSING FOR THE KINGDOM OF GOD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckerd, Nancy A

    2015-01-01

    The importance of nursing as Christ would is vital for Christian nurses. At one Christian school of nursing, students are taught the concept of Kingdom Nursing: focused, dynamic, patient-centered care, inspired by the qualities of Christ and influenced by the presence of the Holy Spirit in the life of the nurse.

  2. Reliability and Agreement in Student Ratings of the Class Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Peter M.; Christ, Theodore J.

    2016-01-01

    The current study estimated the reliability and agreement of student ratings of the classroom environment obtained using the Responsive Environmental Assessment for Classroom Teaching (REACT; Christ, Nelson, & Demers, 2012; Nelson, Demers, & Christ, 2014). Coefficient alpha, class-level reliability, and class agreement indices were…

  3. The role of the icon in Byzantine piety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lennart Rydén

    1979-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a history of doctrinal controversies settled by the six ecumenical councils, from Nicaea (325 to Constantinople (680. It appears that he who makes a picture of a man and calls the man in the picture "Christ" is guilty of heresy. For either he thinks that he can circumscribe Christ's divine nature together with His human and so confuses Christ's two natures, which is monophysitism, or he says that he only wants to make a picture of Christ's flesh. But, in so doing, he gives the flesh of Christ a separate existence and adds a fourth person to the Trinity, and this is Nestorianism. The pictures of Christ that the painters produce are false pictures. What, then, constitutes a true image of Christ? This question was answered by Christ Himself on the eve of His passion, when He took bread, blessed it and said, "This is my body," and distributed wine and said, "This is my blood." The bread and wine that pass from the realm of the common to that of the holy through the blessing of the priest constitute the only true image of the body of Christ. This image does not have the form of man and therefore does not provoke idolatrous practices. It is further pointed out that there is no prayer that could transform the icons from mere matter into something holy. The pictures of the Virgin, the saints and the prophets do not offer the doctrinal dilemma which makes the picture of Christ unacceptable. Yet they must be rejected. The craft of idol-making, which makes what is not present seem to be present, was invented by the pagans, as they had no hope of resurrection.

  4. Allergic reactions to vespids: comparison of sensitivities to two species in a Mediterranean area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanca, M; Miranda, A; Fernandez, J; Terrados, S; Vela, J M; Vega, J M; Gonzalez, J J; Juarez, C

    1988-01-01

    We have studied a group of twenty-seven patients who suffer allergic reactions to vespids stings. Specific IgE antibodies to venom extracts from Polistes gallicus and Vespula germanica were measured by RAST, and the crossreactivity between the two venoms was compared using the RAST inhibition technique. We concluded that, in southern Spain, sensitization to P. gallicus was more prevalent than that to V. germanica, with 44% of the subjects in this study reacting to P. gallicus compared with 33% to V. germanica. However, there was a considerable degree of crossreactivity between the two species. It is evident that Polistes is an important species in this area; however, both in Spain and other Mediterranean countries, V. germanica venom is used almost exclusively for diagnosis and immunotherapy.

  5. Konsep Persatuan Dengan Kematian Dan Kebangkitan Kristus Berdasarkan Roma 6:1-14

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanny Frederik

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Persatuan orang percaya dengan Kristus adalah doktrin yang merupakan pemikiran kunci dalam ajaran Tuhan bahkan sangat penting bagi teologi Paulus sehingga seorang penafsir, James S. Stewart menyebutnya sebagai “inti dari agama Paulus.” Menurut hasil uraian tentang konsep persatuan dengan kematian dan kebangkitan Kristus berdasarkan Roma 6:1-14, maka penulis menarik beberapa kesimpulan sebagai berikut: Pertama, orang percaya telah dipersatukan dengan kematian dan kebangkitan Kristus melalui baptisan, yang berarti ia turut serta mengalami peristiwa-peristiwa yang dialami oleh Kristus dalam sejarah, yakni penyaliban, kematian, penguburan dan kebangkitan Kristus. Kedua, persatuan dengan kematian dan kebangkitan Kristus mengakibatkan berlalunya ciptaan lama, yaitu kematian manusia lama sebagai status atau kedudukan seseorang dalam persekutuannya dengan Adam. Kematian Kristus adalah kematian bagi dosa, karena itu dalam persatuan dengan kematian Kristus, orang percaya juga telah mati bagi dosa. Ketiga, persatuan dengan kematian dan kebangkitan Kristus menghasilkan ciptaan baru, yaitu kehidupan baru sebagai status atau kedudukan orang percaya dalam persekutuan dengan Kristus. Keempat, kehidupan yang berpadanan dengan status baru orang percaya dalam Kristus adalah kehidupan dalam pengudusan yang meliputi hidup dalam pertobatan dan hidup untuk melayani Allah.The unity of the believer with Christ is a doctrine which is a key thought in the teaching of Jesus, moreover it is very important for Paul’s theology such that one commentator, James S. Stewart, delineates it as the “Man in Christ: The Vital Elements of St. Paul’s Religion.” Based upon the results of an analysis about the concept of unity in the death and resurrection of Christ based upon Romans 6: 1-14, the author draws several conclusions as follows: First, believers have been made one with the death and resurrection of Christ through baptism, which means the believer participates in

  6. PAVLUS'UN AHLAK ANLAYIŞI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuat AYDIN

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available The most important figure in the history of Christianity after death of Christ is Paul. Hisimportance emerges from the role that he played in establishing Christianity as a separatereligion different from Judaism. Paul proclaimed that Law of Jews (Torah was abolishedand the believers in Christ must act according to the new law, not to the old. The new lawwas an ethical code that was generated by Christ. There are same good and baddeeds/things and according to Paul, and the believers have the ability to choose good andbad deeds/things.

  7. Comparing the effects of genetic drift and fluctuating selection on genotype frequency changes in the scarlet tiger moth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Hara, R B

    2005-01-22

    One of the recurring arguments in evolutionary biology is whether evolution occurs principally through natural selection or through neutral processes such as genetic drift. A 60-year-long time series of changes in the genotype frequency of a colour polymorphism of the scarlet tiger moth, Callimorpha dominula, was used to compare the relative effects of genetic drift and variable natural selection. The analysis showed that most of the variation in frequency was the result of genetic drift. In addition, although selection was acting, mean fitness barely increased. This supports the 'Red Queen's hypothesis' that long-term improvements in fitness may not occur, because populations have to keep pace with changes in the environment.

  8. 96 kilose Jeesuse teine tulemine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Vanemuise muusikalis "Jesus Christ Superstaar" nimiosas laulnud Stephen Hansen 19. aug. Tartu lauluväljakul Brodway hittide galaetendusel ja sept.-okt. kontserdiga "96 kilo tenorit" Pärnu-Jõhvi kontserdimajades

  9. K tzv. Dominikánovi a českým dominikánům doby Karlovy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rejzlová, Vendula

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 63, č. 3 (2015), s. 435-447 ISSN 0009-0468 Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : Old Czech Passional * Dominicans * autorship * Life of Christ the Lord Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  10. 76 FR 66922 - Dominion Transmission, Incorporated; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-28

    ... Volunteer Fire Company, 301 8, 2011, St. John's United Main Street, Myersville, MD 21773. Church of Christ...; Cultural resources; Air quality and noise; and Public safety. We will also evaluate possible alternatives...

  11. Religion and the Sociological Imagination of W.E.B. Du Bois

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward J. Blum

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Du Bois thought that Christianity needs to free itself from the burdens of the history of slavery and harken back to what he considered the original teachings of Christ and a true renewal of Christianity.

  12. Markus Davidsen on Fiction-Based Religions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davidsen, Markus Altena

    2012-01-01

    Interview with Christ Cotter from the Religious Studies Project. The podcast can be foudn here: http://www.religiousstudiesproject.com/2012/04/02/podcast-markus-davidsen-on-fiction-based-religions/...

  13. Gawe van die lewende God: Die Nagmaal in trinitariese perspektief

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. van der Walt

    1990-03-01

    Full Text Available Holy Communion in trinitarian perspective. Christ is truly present in the sacrament of Holy Communion and this presence is a gift of the triune God. Christ’s words of institution clearly point to his self-sacrifice, but his sacrifice must not be isolated from the fact that God the Father also sacrificed his Son for all of us. This sacrifice does not only reveal something about the Son, but also about the Father. In Holy Communion, the gift of the Holy Spirit is our communion with Christ. Scripture however also points to the Spirit's involvement in the sacrifice of Christ. Furthermore the Spirit works in our hearts, activating our surrender as an answer to Christ's self-surrender.

  14. Film Jeesusest läheb kirikute juures kaubaks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Mel Gibsoni mängufilm "Kristuse kannatused" ("The Passion of the Christ") : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2004. Filmistuudio 20th Century Fox tegi filmi DVDdele võimsa müügikampaania, mis suunati kristlaste kogukondadele USAs

  15. Jeesuse-film jõuab peagi ka Eestisse / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Mel Gibsoni mängufilm "Kristuse kannatused" ("The Passion of Christ") on esile kutsunud juudiorganisatsioonide pahameele, kuid saavutanud suurt kassaedu. MPDE vahendusel jõuab film aprillis Eestisse

  16. Filmi-Kristus kütab kinosaalis kirgi / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2004-01-01

    Mel Gibsoni käe all valminud mängufilm "Jeesus Kristuse kannatused" ("The Passion of Christ") on esile kutsunud nii juudiorganisatsioonide kui kristlike ringkondade pahameele, kuid saavutanud suurt kassaedu

  17. Use of color on airport moving maps and cockpit displays of traffic information (CDTIs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Color can be an effective method for coding visual information, making it easier to find and identify symbols on a display (Christ, 1975). However, careful consideration should be given when applying color because excessive or inappropriate use of co...

  18. Plaadid / Veiko Pesur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesur, Veiko

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Slayer "Christ Illusion", Ro: Toro "Estonian bagpipe", The Broken Keys "Gravity", Vägilased "Ema õpetus", "Miame Vice", Christina Aguilera "Back To Basics", Donovan Frankenreiter "Move By Yourself"

  19. The Concept of Happiness in the New Testament and its Critique from the Perspective of the Holy Quran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azam Parcham

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the questions that arises in religious discourse, is how to explain the concept and sources of joy in human life .  This article examines the different debates and the same discussions on the concept of happiness in New Testament and the Quran. However this study is a basic research, for this reason, it checks only sources of happiness and joy in higher level. And we do not discuss in this article about the culture of joy and tools of happiness in life .   In the New Testament, religious and spiritual happiness and reaching salvation are obtained through the belief in Christ's ransom. The man at first is born with original sin and Christ's sacrifice reconciles him with God. Thus, the grace of Christ plays the most important role in salvation and Christian joy. In the teachings of the New Testament, birth of Christ, the advent of Christ, faith in Christ, the ransom of Christ and the resurrection of Christ, the miracles of Jesus Christ and enduring the difficulties on the way of Christ all can create happiness and joy. And this joy will be complete by reaching the Divine Kingdom that is the purpose of the life of a Christian. In this view, man has no role in her fate and there is no talent in him to take him to perfection, God's grace reaches men solely through Christ and the law does not have any roles in human redemption .   From the perspective of the Quranic verses it's wrong to have such a conception about man. True spiritual joy in Islam is explained as: Human is the submissive slave of God and God is people's lord. Humans are completely free to reach perfection, redemption and happiness, and this freedom means subjugation to God. Human freedom increases by obeying God, and with having love toward the God's true servants one can reach the top grades. Having a free will can lead to the infallibility and infallibility can take the man to see the Devine Kingdom. Man can see the Devine Kingdom, and there he can realize that the human

  20. The Concept of Happiness in the New Testament and its Critique from the Perspective of the Holy Quran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azam Parcham

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available  One of the questions that arises in religious discourse, is how to explain the concept and sources of joy in human life .  This article examines the different debates and the same discussions on the concept of happiness in New Testament and the Quran. However this study is a basic research, for this reason, it checks only sources of happiness and joy in higher level. And we do not discuss in this article about the culture of joy and tools of happiness in life .   In the New Testament, religious and spiritual happiness and reaching salvation are obtained through the belief in Christ's ransom. The man at first is born with original sin and Christ's sacrifice reconciles him with God. Thus, the grace of Christ plays the most important role in salvation and Christian joy. In the teachings of the New Testament, birth of Christ, the advent of Christ, faith in Christ, the ransom of Christ and the resurrection of Christ, the miracles of Jesus Christ and enduring the difficulties on the way of Christ all can create happiness and joy. And this joy will be complete by reaching the Divine Kingdom that is the purpose of the life of a Christian. In this view, man has no role in her fate and there is no talent in him to take him to perfection, God's grace reaches men solely through Christ and the law does not have any roles in human redemption .   From the perspective of the Quranic verses it's wrong to have such a conception about man. True spiritual joy in Islam is explained as: Human is the submissive slave of God and God is people's lord. Humans are completely free to reach perfection, redemption and happiness, and this freedom means subjugation to God. Human freedom increases by obeying God, and with having love toward the God's true servants one can reach the top grades. Having a free will can lead to the infallibility and infallibility can take the man to see the Devine Kingdom. Man can see the Devine Kingdom, and there he can realize that the human

  1. Martyrs in Revolution: Can the Symbol Sustain the Struggle?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-01

    figures prominently - the use of martyr images. viii Crucifixions , stake burnings, tortuous death by dismemberment, being eaten alive by jungle beasts...prominently - the use of martyr images. Crucifixions , stake burnings, tortuous death by dismemberment, being eaten alive by jungle beasts - What can cause a...its prototypical paradigm, the Son of God - Jesus Christ. Crucified at Golgotha, Christ’s martyrdom was similar to those of the early Jewish martyrs

  2. Polynitrogen Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-24

    triazides and firmly established the existence of thallium triazide. In CH3CN solution, the new M(N3)3∙CH3CN donor-acceptor adducts were obtained...fluorine and the Preparation of Transition Metal Fluorides using ClF3 were written. 32 Archival Publications (1) Christe, K. O.; Haiges, R...Dixon, D. A.; Christe, K. O., "Electron Affinities, Fluoride Affinities, and Heats of Formation of the Second Row Transition Metal Hexafluorides

  3. SURRENDER TO LIFE - A Systematic Theological Analysis of Human Kenosis in Karl Rahner’s Thoughts, with Reference to Ignatian Spirituality

    OpenAIRE

    Røsok, Ingvild

    2011-01-01

    In this thesis I have investigated the transcendental theology of Karl Rahner, in order to find a theological basis for understanding the concept of kenosis as a following of Christ. Ignatian spirituality was then explored to deepen the understanding and to point to the consequences of such an understanding of kenosis. The research question was: How do the transcendental theology and the Ignatian spirituality of Karl Rahner contribute to an understanding of kenosis as a following of Christ?

  4. USSR Report, International Affairs, The Working Class and the Contemporary World, Number 4, July-August 1985

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-02

    Lima, 1971. 14. See: L. Boff, " Jesus Cristo Libertator" [ Jesus Christ the Liberator], Brasilia, 1972. 15. See: P. Bigo "L’Eglise et la revolution du...Peru,13 and in 1972, " Jesus Christ the Liberator" by Leonardo Boff — in Brazil.11* Juan-Luis Segundo (Uruguay), Raul Vidales (Mexico), and Miguel...de Jesus Martinez Rivera, the head of the department of scientific research of the Workers University of Mexico, and Hasem Salem Kasem, the chairman

  5. Journal of Mormon History Vol. 36, No. 2, Spring 2010

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    ARTICLES --The Mormons and America’s Empires Walter Nugent, 1 --Religion and National Construction in the Age of Lincoln Richard Carwardine, 29 --The Church of Christ (Temple Lot) and the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints: 130 Years of Crossroads and Controversies R. Jean Addams, 54 --Relief Society Birth and Death Rituals: Women at the Gates of Mortality Susanna Morrill, 128 --Walking on Water: Nineteenth-Century Prophets and a Legend of Religious Impostu...

  6. Calvin’s concept of and the Formulary of the GKSA on the Lord’s Supper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Spoelstra

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Dutch humanists provided Zwingli with a symbolic concept of the Lord’s Supper by which the bread and wine symbolise the body and blood of Christ on Calvary. These symbolic concepts of body and blood should be commemorated (in memoriam and believed to receive atonement from sin. The Formulary and formula for administering the sacrament in the GKSA were inherited from the Netherlands and contain phrases originally used by Calvin. It is widely claimed and assumed that the contents of the Formulary corresponds with concepts derived from Calvin. Calvin’s commentaries on relevant passages and concepts expressed in his Institutes and Tracts differ radically and entirely from the trend and content of the Formulary and formula of administration used in the GKSA. Calvin does not isolate the death of Christ from resurrection. He does not dwell upon communion with something Christ did for us in the past. He accepts the sacrifice (blood to ratify a covenant (new testament by which the household of God is established. The bread and cup signify Christ, and are regarded as God’s spiritual nourishment for his household. The living Christ in heaven is present in the Holy Spirit at the Lord’s health-giving table. The symbols of bread and cup remain what they are but through faith change to represent Christ. Calvin’s concept of communion and unity is irreconcilable with the concept of a sacramental meal of commemoration (Zwingli. The concept of communion corresponds with early Christian and even Roman and Lutheran traditions. Faith in atonement belongs to commencement of salvation (viz. baptism and the Formulary of the GKSA on the Lord’s Supper. Being nourished with Christ through faith belongs to the consummation of salvation (viz. communion.

  7. Why Wasp Foundresses Change Nests: Relatedness, Dominance, and Nest Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seppä, Perttu; Queller, David C.; Strassmann, Joan E.

    2012-01-01

    The costs and benefits of different social options are best understood when individuals can be followed as they make different choices, something that can be difficult in social insects. In this detailed study, we follow overwintered females of the social wasp Polistes carolina through different nesting strategies in a stratified habitat where nest site quality varies with proximity to a foraging area, and genetic relatedness among females is known. Females may initiate nests, join nests temporarily or permanently, or abandon nests. Females can become helpers or egglayers, effectively workers or queens. What they actually do can be predicted by a combination of ecological and relatedness factors. Advantages through increased lifetime success of individuals and nests drives foundresses of the social wasp Polistes from solitary to social nest founding. We studied reproductive options of spring foundresses of P. carolina by monitoring individually-marked wasps and assessing reproductive success of each foundress by using DNA microsatellites. We examined what behavioral decisions foundresses make after relaxing a strong ecological constraint, shortage of nesting sites. We also look at the reproductive consequences of different behaviors. As in other Polistes, the most successful strategy for a foundress was to initiate a nest as early as possible and then accept others as subordinates. A common feature for many P. carolina foundresses was, however, that they reassessed their reproductive options by actively monitoring other nests at the field site and sometimes moving permanently to new nests should that offer better (inclusive) fitness prospects compared to their original nests. A clear motivation for moving to new nests was high genetic relatedness; by the end of the foundress period all females were on nests with full sisters. PMID:23049791

  8. ホソアシナガバチParapolybia indica (Hymenoptera, Vespidae)の生活史,とくにコロニーの発達について

    OpenAIRE

    杉浦, 正昭; 関島, 正憲; 松浦, 誠; Sugiura, Masaaki; Sekijima, Masanori; Matsuura, Makoto

    1983-01-01

    The outline of the life cycle of Parapolybia indica SAUSSURE was studied under natural conditions in the vicinity of Tsu, Mie Prefecture, southwest Japan, situated near the northernmost district of distribution of this genus, during 1976-1981. 1) Colony cycle lasted about three and a half months from early May to mid August, and total duration of nesting activity was about one and a half months shorter than that of Polistes wasps in the same district. 2) Overwintered queens of P.indica left t...

  9. The sacramental character of man and of creation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    STOIAN Mihai Sebastian

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available God made Himself a man for man to reach the likeness of God – this is the essential idea of the oikonomia of our salvation, dear to all the Church Fathers, from Saint Irenaeus to Saint Athanasius the Great and the essence of Christ, mystery and original and fundamental sacrament of our meeting with God and of our salvation, of all of us, in Christ, and of the acquisition by each man of the fruits of salvation and deification through Christ, in the Holy Spirit, in His Church. Christ’s mystery and sacrament begins by the Embodiment of the Father’s Logos. The Passions, the cross, the tomb and the resurrection are its continuation. And all these translate the mystery of the reason why God created everything and the very mystery of man - participating to the original mystery, namely Christ, and the Church, as sacrament. Therefore, Christ is the Mystery and the sacrament by excellence - original and general -, spring and content of all the mysteries and sacraments, condition and explanation of all these.

  10. Mission to the Gentiles: The construction of Christian identity and its relationship with ethics according to Paul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Nicklas

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Paul allowed pagans to become members of the newly founded communities of Christ-believers and thus members of God’s covenant people, Israel, without becoming circumcised. However, even if many of the ‘pagan Christians’ who became members of the new messianic movement had a background as God-Fearers in the frame of diaspora synagogues, the radicalism of their ‘step in faith’ can hardly be overestimated. With their turn from different pagan cults and their gods to the mysterious God of Israel and his crucified and risen Son, Jesus Christ, a whole coordinate system of human relationships, expectations, hopes and norms must have changed. This paper explores the construction of Christian identity and its relationship with ethics according to Paul. It is illustrated how Paul himself describes the system of changed relationships: turning away from the idols towards the living God, being in Christ or – together with others – part of the ‘body of Christ’. Moreover, these three dimensions of new relations – to God, to Christ and to the fellow believers in Christ – correspond to three reference points for ethical decisions in Pauline communities: the command to love one another, the idea of human conscience (as a voice coming from God and the idea of the ‘ethos of Christ’.

  11. Die Pasga in die Nagmaal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.L. L. Helberg

    1990-03-01

    Full Text Available The Passover in Communion. Passover as well as Holy Communion implies reconciliation with God; reconciliation linked with a determining historical event and communion with God and his believers. These are the essential and decisive elements. Holy Communion is more comprehensive than Passover and announces that Christ establishes the new covenant. It implies forgiveness of sins and restoration of the relation with God in accordance with his commandments. This means life out of Christ; life in which his body is the believers’ bread and wine, their daily nourishment. In Holy Communion Christ calls all believers to a battle against the enemy within themselves, and therefore, to earnest self-examination and conversion. He requires that He himself, in faith, should be appropriated as an expiatory and life-giving gift Holy Communion stresses that communion with Christ and those who believe in Him is dominant in the lives of believers. It implies a life dominated by the expectation of the Advent of Christ.

  12. Epilepsy, viewed metaphysically: an interpretation of the biblical story of the epileptic boy and of Raphael's transfiguration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janz, D

    1986-01-01

    Raphael's last painting reveals, in the upper half of the picture, Christ's transfiguration on Mount Tabor and, in the lower half, the young boy's epileptic seizure at the foot of the mountain in the presence of the other disciples. Raphael depicts both events, which are told in succession in the Gospels, as if they took place at the same time. By synchronizing both scenes Raphael demonstrated a significant correspondence between Christ and the epileptic boy, which reveals the epileptic seizure as a symbolic representation of a transcendent event. This metaphysical aspect of epilepsy depicted by Raphael can also be found in the corresponding biblical passages. In the Gospels, the metamorphosis caused by the epileptic seizure is used as a simile for Christ's transfiguration through suffering, death, and resurrection.

  13. [Epilepsy from a metaphysical perspective: an interpretation of the biblical story of the epileptic boy and Raphael's Transfiguration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janz, D

    1994-01-01

    Raphael's last painting reveals, in the upper half of the picture, Christ's transfiguration on Mount Tabor and, in the lower half, the young boy's epileptic seizure at the foot of the mountain in the presence of the other disciples. Raphael depicts both events, which are told in succession in the Gospels, as if they took place at the same time. By synchronizing both scenes, Raphael demonstrated a significant correspondence between Christ and the epileptic boy which reveals the epileptic seizure as a symbolic representation of a transcendental event. This metaphysical aspect of epilepsy depicted by Raphael can also be found in the corresponding biblical passages. In the Gospels, the metamorphosis caused by the epileptic seizure is used as a simile for Christ's transfiguration through suffering, death and resurrection.

  14. Skriftuurlike grondslae vir die gereformeerde teologiese etiek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. J. de Bruyn

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available The discipline of ethics is concerned with the question as to whether interpersonal acts are good or bad. Subsequent questions concerning who or what determines whether an act is good or bad, lead one toward the underlying Scriptural principles of Reformed theological ethics. These underlying principles are the following: the creation of all things by God and his dominion over everything; sin, the covenant of grace, redemption from sin by Christ, the ascension and reign of Christ, the descent and work of the Holy Spirit, the second coming of Christ; the Word (and especially the law of God as norm for the life of man. Scripture provides clear norms regarding matters such as murder, adultery and theft, but there are no specific norms for ethical questions such as abortion, euthanasia, family planning, etc. This fact gives rise to the distinction between revealed, concretised and contingent norms.

  15. Quotations from the songs about Servant of Yahwe in Synoptic Gospels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz Adamczyk

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available We don’t get to know from Isaiah’s songs, who is the Servant of Yahwe. In Synoptic Gospels quotations are contained from the first and fourth songs about the Servant of Yahweh. Synopticians interpreted in a new way Old Testament texts in light of Christs resurrection. They see prophetic announcement and the same type of Jesus Christ, Messiah and Saviour in Isaiah’s Servant. In Jesus Christ is filled out in a perfect and final way everything the Old Testament has announced about the Servant of Yahweh. The evangelical context of these quotations allows one to see in the suffering of the Servant of God, announcement of the redemptive fatigue, death and resurrection of Jesus.

  16. [Pain and Christianity. A symbol for overcoming pain?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markschies, C

    2007-08-01

    Pain and Christianity appear to belong together: Christ's pain stands at the centre of God's healing; his pain leads to the salvation of mankind. We can learn from Jesus' example how to bear suffering and pain. In early Christian times, the belief that Jesus Christ suffered pain on the cross was usually not accepted. In line with the "apathy axiom", freedom from emotion was something to strive for at that time. Only after the acceptance of Christianity as the state religion of the Roman Empire in 380 AD did the pain of Christ again stand in the centre of the Christian doctrine of salvation. The memory of the fact that Jesus himself had to undergo the worst pain can still help people to overcome their pain and comfort them.

  17. El universalismo cristiano en Hans Urs von Balthasar a propósito de su encuentro con Karl Barth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolle, Carlos Ignacio Casale

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The idea of the Christian universalism is a key-subject of Balthasar’s theology. The proprium of this autor appears more clearly analysing the distance in the subject of analogia entis and the natural theology which Barth maintains. A basic element of Bathasar’s reflection about the Christian universalism has its roots in the origin of the assertion that the creation in Christ is united with the contemplation of the cosmic Christ and with the will to emphasize the universal character of the salvation happened in Christ (the concretum universale. Thus the approach is a profound comprehension of the salvation “in Christ”. The Chalcedonic formula enlarged since the fourth Lateran Council becomes a “law” for the interpretation of the (metaphysical reality. Balthasar propounds in this way an ontology in those center the personal reality is situated. At the end the reader finds a prospective critique to Balthasar’s position

  18. The Alexandrian Millenium (A.D. 2009) and the Astronomical Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umlenski, V. I.

    2009-09-01

    The outset of the contemporary system of chronology (A.D.; common era; our era; new era) is connected with the year of Christ's Birth as a God-man. Dionysius Exiguus, a Roman monk calculated this year in VI century. Nowadays, it is more and more believed that Dionysius made a miscount in his computation. In the present work we make an attempt to determine this miscount through astronomical and calendar computations. For that purpose, we use data from Church tradition and St. John's Gospel. It was found that the miscount of Dionysius regarding the year of Christ's Birth is 9 years i.e. the Alexandrian chroniclers were right (according to them Jesus was born in A.D. 9). If it is so, we must celebrate 2000 years from Christ's Birth and the end of the second Alexandrian Millenium in 2009, on December 25th.

  19. John Calvin and postmodern spirituality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.H. Fick

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Postmodernists reject universal truth claims and brand them as violent impositions on a person by powerful institutions. Postmodernist spirituality seeks for a more subjective, life- experience based attitude towards values and truths of the Bible and relationship in community. Careful consideration should be given to the issues of community, knowledge/truth, faith, and faith experience. This article will show that, in his “Institutes”, Calvin gives ample attention to faith, the liberating truth about God as revealed in Jesus Christ, and to the Chris- tian’s intimate relationship with Him. Being in Christ, commu- nion with Christ or the “unio mystica cum Christo” through faith as a central theme in Calvin’s theology, needs to be redis- covered and re-applied to reformed spirituality as apologetic means in a postmodern world. This treasure should satisfy the kind of spirituality postmodernists yearn for.

  20. Molecular heterochrony and the evolution of sociality in bumblebees (Bombus terrestris)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodard, S. Hollis; Bloch, Guy M.; Band, Mark R.; Robinson, Gene E.

    2014-01-01

    Sibling care is a hallmark of social insects, but its evolution remains challenging to explain at the molecular level. The hypothesis that sibling care evolved from ancestral maternal care in primitively eusocial insects has been elaborated to involve heterochronic changes in gene expression. This elaboration leads to the prediction that workers in these species will show patterns of gene expression more similar to foundress queens, who express maternal care behaviour, than to established queens engaged solely in reproductive behaviour. We tested this idea in bumblebees (Bombus terrestris) using a microarray platform with approximately 4500 genes. Unlike the wasp Polistes metricus, in which support for the above prediction has been obtained, we found that patterns of brain gene expression in foundress and queen bumblebees were more similar to each other than to workers. Comparisons of differentially expressed genes derived from this study and gene lists from microarray studies in Polistes and the honeybee Apis mellifera yielded a shared set of genes involved in the regulation of related social behaviours across independent eusocial lineages. Together, these results suggest that multiple independent evolutions of eusociality in the insects might have involved different evolutionary routes, but nevertheless involved some similarities at the molecular level. PMID:24552837

  1. Trapping social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) with acetic acid and saturated short chain alcohols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landolt, P J; Smithhisler, C S; Reed, H C; McDonough, L M

    2000-12-01

    Nineteen compounds were evaluated in combination with a solution of acetic acid as baits for trapping the German yellowjacket, Vespula germanica (F.), the western yellowjacket Vespula pensylvanica (Sausssure), and the golden paper wasp Polistes aurifer Saussure. Compounds with three to six carbon chains or branched chains and with a hydroxy functional group were selected for testing based on their similarity to isobutanol. They were compared with isobutanol with acetic acid, which is a known wasp attractant. None of the compounds tested were superior to isobutanol when presented with acetic acid as a lure for these species of wasps. However, traps baited with either the S-(-)- or the racemic mixture of 2-methyl-1-butanol in combination with acetic acid captured similar numbers of both species of yellowjackets, compared with isobutanol with acetic acid. Polistes aurifer responded strongly to the S-(-)-enantiomer and to the racemic mixture of 2-methyl-1-butanol with acetic acid and not to the R-(+)-enantiomer with acetic acid.

  2. A rare but successful reproductive tactic in a social wasp (Hymenoptera:Vespidae: Use of heterospecific nests Una táctica reproductiva rara pero exitosa en una avispa social (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Uso de nidos de otras especies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDRÉ R. DE SOUZA

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Successful heterospecific use of abandoned nests has been reported in birds. Although the same behavior has been observed in wasps, the success of such tactic has not been demonstrated. We described two cases in which the social wasp Polistes versicolor successfully reared its brood in empty nests of the social wasps Mischocyttarus drewseni and Mischocyttarus cassununga (Hymenoptera: Vespidae. We showed that this is a rare but a viable reproductive tactic for both solitary and associative foundress. Unlike birds, which use heterspecific nests very similar to their own, wasps are able to use heterspecific nests that do differ from their own.El uso adecuado de los nidos abandonados ha sido reportado en aves. Aunque el mismo comportamiento se ha observado en avispas, pero el éxito de tal táctica no ha sido demostrada. Se describen dos casos en los que la avispa social Polistes versicolor utiliza con éxito los nidos vacíos de la avispa social Mischocyttarus drewseni y Mischocyttarus cassununga (Hymenoptera: Vespidae. Hemos demostrado que esta es una rara, pero una viable táctica reproductiva. A diferencia de las aves, que utilizan nidos muy similares a las suyas, las avispas son capaces de utilizar los nidos que difieran de los suyos.

  3. Sexy faces in a male paper wasp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Rodrigues de Souza

    Full Text Available Sexually selected signals are common in many animals, though little reported in social insects. We investigated the occurrence of male visual signals mediating the dominance relationships among males and female choice of sexual partner in the paper wasp Polistes simillimus. Males have three conspicuous, variable and sexually dimorphic traits: black pigmentation on the head, a pair of yellow abdominal spots and body size differences. By conducting behavioral assays, we found that none of the three visual traits are associated with male-male dominance relationship. However, males with higher proportion of black facial pigmentation and bigger yellow abdominal spots are more likely chosen as sexual partners. Also, after experimentally manipulating the proportion of black pigment on males' face, we found that females may evaluate male facial coloration during the choice of a sexual partner. Thus, the black pigmentation on P. simillimus male's head appears to play a role as a sexually selected visual signal. We suggest that sexual selection is a common force in Polistes and we highlight the importance of this group as a model for the study of visual communication in insects.

  4. Cognitive specialization for learning faces is associated with shifts in the brain transcriptome of a social wasp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berens, Ali J; Tibbetts, Elizabeth A; Toth, Amy L

    2017-06-15

    The specialized ability to learn and recall individuals based on distinct facial features is known in only a few, large-brained social taxa. Social paper wasps in the genus Polistes are the only insects known to possess this form of cognitive specialization. We analyzed genome-wide brain gene expression during facial and pattern training for two species of paper wasps ( P. fuscatus , which has face recognition, and P. metricus , which does not) using RNA sequencing. We identified 237 transcripts associated with face specialization in P. fuscatus , including some transcripts involved in neuronal signaling (serotonin receptor and tachykinin). Polistes metricus that learned faces (without specialized learning) and P. fuscatus in social interactions with familiar partners (from a previous study) showed distinct sets of brain differentially expressed transcripts. These data suggest face specialization in P. fuscatus is related to shifts in the brain transcriptome associated with genes distinct from those related to general visual learning and social interactions. © 2017. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.

  5. SOLUS, SOLA: Constructing a Christocentric faith model of the �ordo salutis�

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andre van Oudtshoorn

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article develops a non-linear model of the ordo salutis with Christ at the centre. It shows that each individual event is a manifestation of what Christ has done and a call to faith in him. Faith is shown to comprise of consensus (agreement and fiducia (trust. Through this model, the creative tension between the objective (indicative and the subjective (imperative dimensions of the gospel as well as the tension between God�s eschatological time and our unfulfilled time are maintained in such a way that they both complement and limit each other. This tension, it is argued, is intrinsically linked to the way in which Christ continues to be present within our world as both Lord and Spirit. As Lord, Jesus is proclaimed as the One who has already overcome our broken reality; as the Spirit, Christ continues to be vulnerable to be resisted and rejected by us. As the Spirit of the risen Lord, he is nevertheless able to perform miracles and overcome our broken reality as the gospel is proclaimed. A short analysis of the way in which the Bible refers to some of the events in the ordo salutis confirms the legitimacy of this model.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: It is argued that this model overcomes many objections against the traditional understanding of the ordo salutis. By challenging the underlying presuppositions of both Arminiaism and Calvinism, this article provides a unique alternative which does justice to key insights from both traditions and adds a new voice to the ongoing debate between Arian, Pelagian and semi-pelagian theologians, on the one side, and Reformed theologians, on the other side. It thus makes a significant intradisciplinary contribution to systematic theology. It also aligns the universality of salvation in Christ as the second Adam to the continuing need for a personal faith response to Christ.

  6. Stigmata in the history: between faith, mysticism and science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gianfaldoni, S; Lotti, J; Roccia, M G; Fioranelli, M; Gianfaldoni, R; Lotti, T

    Stigmata are one of the most ancient and fascinating mysteries of the Christian religion. The word “stigmata” derives by the Greek “stigma”, that means sign, mark. Classically, stigmata are the sores inflicted on Jesus Christ during his passion and crucifixion. Today, the term stigmatized has been extended to designate several cases of individuals, who show skin sores similar to those of Christ. The Authors report a brief history of stigmata, trying to give an explanation to such a fascinating phenomenon.

  7. ABORDĂRI FILOZOFICE A CONCEPTELOR DE DREPTURI ALE OMULUI ŞI DE DEMOCRAŢIE ÎN PERIOADA ANTICĂ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe Popa

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The human rights concept has its origins in the ancient Greek and Roman systems of ideas.All these extentions were made starting with the cultural, political and economical relationships in theancient Greeek, especially starting the year of 410 before Christ, when great psilosophers of the empire beganto understand and to analyse the already existing relations between the secular fortress state, religion andindividual.Concluding, ancient Greek is representative for that period of time through its great personalities suchas Hesiod with his Teogonia. Afterwards, the great man of law Solon ( 638-559 before Christ exterminatedslavery and was the first to debate upon the Athenian democracy.

  8. Calvijn en de Dordtse Leerregels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. H. Velema

    1993-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article a surprising similarity in structure between Calvin’s teachings on predestination and those of the Canons of Dordt is indicated. Christ is, namely, central in both. One has to read both Calvin and the Canons of Dordt within their own line of argument. Following this point of departure, one cannot speak of a philosophical system or structure, which would bypass Christ. In fact, the practical nature of the texts strikes the reader indeed. In conclusion a number of practical conclusions are drawn by the author

  9. Cannon Reservoir Human Ecology Project. Volume 1. Euro-American Pioneer Settlement Systems in the Central Salt River Valley of Northeast Missouri.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    to address problems comnmon1 to both spheres . As we lileteenth century. In establishing the Bluegrass region have emphasized many times, the research...and settled near the original Church of Christ (now the l)isciples of Christ), since family group, forming a sctt!ecnlt cluster. Ovid Adams and Nancy ...O’Brien. M. J., I). E. Lc.warchj E. Saunders, an d C. B3. Fraser 3:155-175. I t))l ~n nalyis f hstoicalstrctues i th Canon Roberts, H. Resevoi areaa

  10. Líder Siervo: Un Nuevo Paradigma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Wesley Taylor V

    Full Text Available Leadership that one adopts is based on their Worldviews and in his outlook on life. The worldview of the Samaritan told by Christ (Luke 10:30-36 and it leads to a paradigm shift in the life of a leader.In a situation “what can I win” to other “what can I give”. In this article discusses the prospects and biblical proportions Servant Leader, and taking Christ as the perfect model of a servant Leader.

  11. Astronomical Phenomena that Influenced the Compilation of Anno Domini

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothwangl, S.

    2011-06-01

    The world year 6000 occurring during Dionysius' lifetime caused a calendrical Last Day providing the reason for his new Anno Domini calendar. Basing upon cosmological ideas as the "Great-Year-Conjunction" of all classical planets Anno Domini focused a future return of Christ. Forecasting a close massing of the planets of the Ptolemaic system in May, 2000 AD and the medieval value of precession, 666 years/10°, conflated with interpretation of Gospel and Revelation were reasons for the fictitious dating of Christ's incarnation.

  12. Connecticut church passes genetics resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culliton, B J

    1984-11-09

    The Connecticut Conference of the United Church of Christ, which represents the largest Protestant denomination in the state, has passed a resolution affirming an ethical duty to do research on human gene therapy and is planning to form local church groups to study the scientific and ethical issues involved. The resolution is intended to counter an earlier one proposed by Jeremy Rifkin to ban all efforts at engineering specific traits into the human germline. The Rifkin proposal had been endorsed by a large number of religious leaders, including the head of the U.S. United Church of Christ, but was subsequently characterized by many of the church leaders as overly restrictive.

  13. Research in Inorganic Fluorine Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-05-28

    Leicester, Leicester LEI 7RH, U.K. Crystal Structure of NF4 + Salts Karl O. Christe,*-U M. David Ltndf tb Niels Thorup,tc David R. Russe!l,ld John Fawcett...McMaster Hospitals. (31) Selig, H . Holzman , H. 1ST. J Chem 1969, 7,417 (32) Gillcspie, R J.; Schrobilgcn. G J tnorg Chem. 1974, /J, 1230. (33...KarlO. Christe,*t Richard D. Wilson,! William W. Wilsonj Robert Bau,$ Sunanda Sukumar $ and David A. Dixon^ Contributions from Rocketdyne, A

  14. So that We Might Become the Righteousness and Justice of God: Re-examining the Gospel in 2 Cor 5:21 for the Church's Contribution to a Better World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellington, Dustin W.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article interprets Paul's summary of the gospel in 2 Cor 5:21 as saying that Christ died so that believers might be transformed into God's righteousness (not only deemed as righteous by God. The article explains the powerfully generative nature of God's righteousness and then demonstrates that dikaiosunē also means justice. The interpretation of 2 Cor 5:21 clarifies that the gospel Christians believe for salvation is also a basis of holistic transformation to embody God's righteousness and justice. This enlarged perspective on the gospel supports seamless invitations to put faith in Jesus Christ and to become a force for justice in the world.

  15. Hegel’s Anthropology, Christology, and Eschatology: a Contemporary View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirill Chepurin

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This article sets out to prove that anthropology, Christology, and eschatology in Hegel’s later Berlin period of thought were all inter-related. The author contends that Hegel’s triadic vision of the Christ event (Incarnation-Death-Resurrection is formative for his system of Anthropology, as well as for the structural basis of his philosophy of subjective spirit. In other words, for Hegel, his anthropology reflects his Christology. Moreover, Hegel’s anthropology and Christology lead the way to the formulation of his eschatological thought which itself is built around his interpretations of the Transfiguration and Resurrection events in the life of Christ

  16. Ancient Expansion of the Hox Cluster in Lepidoptera Generated Four Homeobox Genes Implicated in Extra-Embryonic Tissue Formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, William R.; Gibbs, Melanie; Breuker, Casper J.; Holland, Peter W. H.

    2014-01-01

    Gene duplications within the conserved Hox cluster are rare in animal evolution, but in Lepidoptera an array of divergent Hox-related genes (Shx genes) has been reported between pb and zen. Here, we use genome sequencing of five lepidopteran species (Polygonia c-album, Pararge aegeria, Callimorpha dominula, Cameraria ohridella, Hepialus sylvina) plus a caddisfly outgroup (Glyphotaelius pellucidus) to trace the evolution of the lepidopteran Shx genes. We demonstrate that Shx genes originated by tandem duplication of zen early in the evolution of large clade Ditrysia; Shx are not found in a caddisfly and a member of the basally diverging Hepialidae (swift moths). Four distinct Shx genes were generated early in ditrysian evolution, and were stably retained in all descendent Lepidoptera except the silkmoth which has additional duplications. Despite extensive sequence divergence, molecular modelling indicates that all four Shx genes have the potential to encode stable homeodomains. The four Shx genes have distinct spatiotemporal expression patterns in early development of the Speckled Wood butterfly (Pararge aegeria), with ShxC demarcating the future sites of extraembryonic tissue formation via strikingly localised maternal RNA in the oocyte. All four genes are also expressed in presumptive serosal cells, prior to the onset of zen expression. Lepidopteran Shx genes represent an unusual example of Hox cluster expansion and integration of novel genes into ancient developmental regulatory networks. PMID:25340822

  17. Pop / Erkki Tero

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tero, Erkki

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Heiki Mätlik ja Andres Uibo "Spectrum. Estonian music for guitar and organ", Fall Out Boy "Infinity on High", The Ponys "Turn the Lights Out", Elton John "Rocket Man. The Definitive Hits", Rotting Christ "Theogonia", Machine Head "The Blackening", The Bluetones "BBC Radio Sessions", John Cale "Circus Live", Spirit Catcher "Night Vision"

  18. Influence of preparation method on hydroxyapatite porous scaffolds

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    the ceramic slurry under vacuum to drive the HA slurry to fill the pores of the PU foams. The HA-saturated foams were then dried in a freeze dryer (Christ 101541, ... ing were measured and calculated to find the volume shrinkage. Universal testing machine (Instron 55R4502) was employed to measure the compressive ...

  19. Information Culture and Belief Formation in Religious Congregations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeburg, Darin

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative study investigated the information culture and beliefs within two United Church of Christ congregations in Northeast Ohio. One congregation was Open and Affirming (ONA), and one congregation was not. ONA refers to a congregation's decision to be listed as a place where LGBT individuals--in particular--are welcomed and accepted.…

  20. Jesus' Servant-Shepherd Leadership Framework as Springboard to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jesus Christ developed a leadership model which has proven efficacious for the stable growth of his counterculture, Christianity. He taught it to his followers to pass it on to succeeding generations of the counterculture that is intended to eventually engulf the entire world. Although many Nigerians in leadership positions are ...

  1. Commentary

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Madhsudhan

    As a Cambridge University undergraduate Charles Darwin was fascinated and convinced by the argument for intelligent ... At Christ's College, Cambridge, Darwin was assigned the same rooms that Paley had occupied more than a ...... 1909 Darwin and modern science (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Sulloway ...

  2. Animals of the Chinese Zodiac. [Lesson Plan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002

    The Chinese lunar calendar dates back to the second millennium BC. Unlike the western calendar, which numbers the years progressively from the birth of Jesus Christ, the Chinese calendar is cyclical. Each cycle is made up of 12 years--after the 12th year, the cycle is repeated. The Chinese associate each year of a 12-year cycle with an animal, and…

  3. Encouraging Word: The Pastor's Role in Increasing Biblical Literacy in the Local Congregation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leach, Todd A.

    2016-01-01

    The Bible has long been valued and esteemed as the primary text for Christians all over the world. It tells the story of God and of the Christian faith and it provides guidance for Christians on how to live faithfully for Jesus Christ. Thus, one would expect a knowledge and understanding of the Bible to be a high priority--of utmost…

  4. The Reading Habits of Church Active Mormon Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appleton, Marianne; Cranney, A. Garr

    Data from 149 female members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (LDS) were used to construct a composite of the reading habits and their relation to other characterisitics of this group. The typical respondent was a married woman between 26 and 40 years old who had attended college but remained at home to care for children under…

  5. Crackpots and consequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Margaret

    2012-09-01

    The letter arrived in 'Physics World''s in-tray last summer. Written in blue ink, with occasional recourse to red for especially important points, it claimed to predict the date of "The Second Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ" using images from the Hubble Space Telescope.

  6. Teacher Reflection among Professional Seminary Faculty in the Seminaries and Institutes Department of the Church Educational System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Ryan S.

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative study aimed at exploring and explaining the practices and processes of teacher reflection among a group of professional secondary-level religious educators in the Church Educational System of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, as well as seeking to understand the perceived impact of those reflective practices on the…

  7. Mormons and Mormon History as Reflected in U.S. Government Documents. 1830 to 1907.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Carol W.

    This annotated bibliography contains over 250 sources on Mormons and Mormon history from 1830 to 1907 found in government publications. The nineteenth century documents reflect the controversy, issues, and sentiments concerning the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, and with the twentieth century, mark a new era of tolerance and…

  8. Most Common Teacher Characteristics Related to Intentionality in Student Spiritual Formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Deborah

    2014-01-01

    Teachers have the important commission of guiding students in their spiritual formation, which is the process through which an individual accepts Jesus Christ as Savior and continually becomes more like Him. Given this task, Christian teachers are able to be intentional within classroom management, through instruction, and by modeling. Teachers…

  9. The Development and Validation of a Spanish Elicited Imitation Test of Oral Language Proficiency for the Missionary Training Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Carrie A.

    2013-01-01

    The Missionary Training Center (MTC), affiliated with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, needs a reliable and cost effective way to measure the oral language proficiency of missionaries learning Spanish. The MTC needed to measure incoming missionaries' Spanish language proficiency for training and classroom assignment as well as to…

  10. Understanding Latter-Day Saints Education: Principles and Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    Using historic documents of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) and resources of its leaders, the principles of LDS or Mormon education and its key characteristics are described. In particular, the following characteristics are discussed: (1) the critical role of the Spirit in both teaching and learning, (2) the worthiness,…

  11. Kingdom Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, William F., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    Whether known as Christian or Kingdom education, its very nature is opened for examination in this article. From the assumption that Christ is to be at the center of Christian education, it assumedly would be patterned after his life and activities on earth. A review of the Scriptures about Jesus points to an education orientation that is not well…

  12. The Legacy of Utah's Country Schools, 1847-1896. Country School Legacy: Humanities on the Frontier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birkinshaw, Scott B.

    This section of the Country School Legacy: Humanities on the Frontier Project, funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and sponsored by the Mountain Plains Library Association, traces the development of schools in Utah during the Territorial Period (1847-1896). Following a discussion of the influence of the Church of Jesus Christ of…

  13. What Catholic Schools Can Do to Advance the Cause of the New Evangelization in the World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wuerl, Donald

    2013-01-01

    The Church brings us an encounter with Jesus and offers us an invitation to faith. It proclaims Christ's words of truth and life. This article seeks to explore the depths of these realities in the context of our culture, our society--a world not always prepared to hear and accept the message. It is precisely this context that has evoked the call…

  14. The Correlation between Teacher Self-Efficacy among Seminaries and Institutes Seminary Teachers and Student Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangum, James Irvin, III

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the correlation between teacher self-efficacy and student outcomes. Teacher self-efficacy was measured in 99 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Seminaries and Institutes seminary teachers using Tschannen-Moran and Hoy's Teachers Sense of Efficacy Scale (2001). Student outcomes included academic grades, conduct…

  15. Introduction. Jesus Traditions and Masculinities in World Christianity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, P.B.A.; van Klinken, A.S.

    2013-01-01

    This opening article offfers an introduction to the theme of this special issue of Exchange: Jesus traditions and masculinities in world Christianity. Highlighting the historical trajectory of feminist theological debates on the maleness of Jesus Christ and its implications for conf.igurations of

  16. "The Glory of God Is Intelligence": Exploring the Foundations of Latter-Day Saint Religious Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffiths, Casey Paul; Esplin, Scott C.; Randall, E. Vance

    2016-01-01

    In recent years the educational programs of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) have received praise for their role in the high rates of religiosity and denominational retention among their youth. This study offers a historical summary of the efforts of LDS to develop the most effective methods of engaging their youth in…

  17. Appraisal of Marist Education in the Light of Patristic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osuji, Gregory Ekene; Oluoch-Suleh, Everlyn

    2015-01-01

    The Study evaluated the Marist Brother Lecturer and the Marist Student in Marist International University College, Karen, Nairobi in the light of the Education founded on Christian principles by Jesus Christ and expounded by the early Church Fathers. The Researchers tried to find out the attitude of both Marist Brother Lecturer and Marist Student…

  18. Closing the Church University in 1894: Embracing or Accommodating Secularized Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricks, Brian W.

    2013-01-01

    The late 1800s have been noted as a major transitional period for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. When the beleaguered pioneers first arrived in Utah they were isolated from the influence and expectations of the United States. During that time, leaders of the Church became influential in every aspect of life in Utah. By the end of…

  19. [Genealogical Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClure, Patricia Harlan

    Two Institute papers were concerned with genealogical research. "Manuscripts, Private Papers and Genealogical Research," deals with the handling and evaluation of unpublished and private papers in genealogical research. "The Genealogical Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints," discusses the Mormon…

  20. The Life-Embeddedness of Argumentation: A Prelude to Treating Arguments as Exhortations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartzman, Roy

    Argumentation is fundamentally exhortative: arguments can be understood as invitations to emulate the lives of those who make the arguments. The human exemplar of an argument's substance, e.g. Jesus Christ as exemplar of Christianity, is the paradigm for this theory in which the arguer's identity is seen both as equal in importance to and…

  1. Increasing Enrollment in Religious Education Classes by Applying a Variety of Marketing Techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahlborn, Ernest S.

    A marketing program implemented in 18 small, rural agricultural communities aimed at increasing enrollment in the daily religious classes held by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS). Approximately 23 percent of the population in the 18 communities belong to this Church. Daily religious instruction is provided in released-time…

  2. 2018-02-20T19:01:15Z https://www.ajol.info/index.php/all/oai oai:ojs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    article/56654 2018-02-20T19:01:15Z hts:ART The pendulum is never static: Jesus sira to Jesus Christ on women in the light of Judith, Susanna and LXX Esther Jordaan, P When the New Testament is interpreted, directly preceding literature is ...

  3. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jordaan, P. Vol 65, No 1 (2009) - Articles The pendulum is never static: Jesus sira to Jesus Christ on women in the light of Judith, Susanna and LXX Esther Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2072-8050. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's ...

  4. Short communication Effects of drying procedures on chemical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    jancik.filip

    2016-12-31

    Dec 31, 2016 ... samples were subsequently removed from the plastic bags, put in stainless steel pans, and placed directly in the oven (TFREE) or freeze dryer (TFD) (freeze dryer Alpha 1-4 LSC, Martin Christ. Gefriertrocknungsanlagen GmbH, Germany) without a thawing period. One sub-sample of each sample set.

  5. Mystical Perspectives in Interreligious Dialogue | Waaijman | Acta ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The article reflects, first of all, on Paul's reaction to the questions and challenges of the Epicurean and Stoic philosophers in his audience that relates to this distinction. A second part will investigate the mystical unity of the unknowable God and his body language in Christ. In a third part some mystical perspectives on this ...

  6. AFRREV, 9(1), S/NO 36, JANUARY, 2015

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    EMILIA

    good example of a new religious movement, a brand of African Independent. Churches. It is one of the African .... Kawaabari meaning mother of creation is in view of her creative nature. The people believed in the ... brands of Christianity especially, that of the Garrick Braide's Christ Army Church which is the focus of this ...

  7. RESEARCH ON THE LETTER TO THE GALATIANS: 2000-2010

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    For example, John. Hurd (2005:125-148) argues that Paul's opponents in Galatia and those in 2 Corinthians 8 and 9 were the same people, whereas Jerry Sumney ... a detailed reconstruction of the biography of Paul, with the emphasis on the ...... that received attention: C. Marvin Pate (2000) argues that Paul viewed Christ.

  8. Another style of Christianity in the Capitalist Ridden Caribbean

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Two characteristics mark the Caribbean: capitalism and the hegemony of North Atlantic versions of Christianity. The colonization and exploitation of the Caribbean was justified in the name of profit and the dominant North Atlantic renderings of Christ's message. Having been conceived by the joint forces of these worldly and ...

  9. Reformierte dogmatik zwischen konfessioneller bindung und der ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... as the basis of the one, complete Church of Jesus Christ (Barth); confessional profile and the ecumenical horizon of reformed dogmatics simultaneously are tied together. The conclusive gains in knowledge and acknowledgement of a systematical theological nature are the result of a focused commitment to the Bible.

  10. Religion and modernity in a secular city: A public theology of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... be Disciples of Christ – with the Cross of Jesus going on before – entering the space of violence beyond the knowledge of good and evil as peacemakers? In this article, I sought to understand this 'peacemaking' space by bringing into dialogue Žižek's interpretation of Christianity with Derrida's interpretation of hospitality.

  11. forum attempting a dialectical reconciliation of the concept truth in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    life. The synthesis will be an affirmation that for Christians Truth is discovered and revealed in fellowship within community. And members of the Body of Christ are ... tening to her story. I told her that she was a liar. To my young mind this was incomprehensible as my two brothers and I ate one loaf of bread for lunch. Since I ...

  12. "Awake. Love. Think. Speak.": A Narrative Foundation for Secondary School English Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Justin

    2011-01-01

    A senior secondary English curricular commitment to biblical relationality and narrative through Ricoeur's hermeneutics provides students a learning community where they are invited to awaken to the biblical story, to love each other and creation within their Christ given identity in that story, to think about their own narratives within the…

  13. Explanation of Freud's Psychoanalysis Theories on the Lives

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    particularly, the interwoven ones represents the medieval periods. According to Fleming (1995),the crescent and the full moon suggests the Christian calendar at lent and Eastertide. The cross tells of Christ's crucifixion while the sprigs in the jar tell of the coming of spring. Explanation of Freud's Psychoanalysis Theories on ...

  14. contemplating allan boesak's fascination with preaching

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Boesak (2014b:Chapter 4) is adamantly against the use of violence for any end, along with Erasmus of Rotterdam, Martin Luther. King Jr. and Gandhi. I would like to propose that Boesak's theological perspective is fourfold: Jesus Christ is Lord, evil is real, God stands with the oppressed, and God's kingdom is peaceable.

  15. The Tongue and Quill

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-06-30

    organization) (local address) Dear Brother (full name) Sincerely Mormon Bishop Mr. (full name) Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (local...references to religious events. the Creation the Exodus the Crucifixion the Flood the Second Coming the Resurrection 42. Capitalize names of religious

  16. Christian Ethos and Women Liberation: Challenges and Prospects ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Nigeria, the campaign for women liberation and leadership in the Church, in politics, and socio-economic spheres has become heightened in the last few decades. In this study, we shall examine the challenges of the principles of freedom, liberty and non-discrimination, as demonstrated by Jesus Christ. He is seen as a ...

  17. Non-Military Education and the United States Army: A History

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-01-01

    Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1943), p. 188; Charles F. Pitts, Chaplains in Gray (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1957), p. 82. J. William Jones, Christ in the Camp...XVII (January 1898), pp. 533-543. Pitts, Charles F. Chaplains in Gray. Nashville: Broadman Press, 1957. Porter, David R. "Education Among American

  18. Recovering core identity, hermeneutical and contextual preaching

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-07-08

    Jul 8, 2016 ... individual identity (the identity of an individual believer within the local church). Many believers are enthusiastic about their personal and individual identity in Christ. (Nel 2015:26), but what is needed is the recovery of the corporate sense of identity, the corporate self-image of the church (Nel 2005:367; cf.

  19. Hermeneutics in identity formation: Paul's use of Genesis in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    2010-08-06

    Aug 6, 2010 ... to 'the corporate identity of Christ'; cf. Hays (1996:32–36) for the 'fundamental emphasis on community in Paul's thought'. Broader,. Martin (1994:117–140) questions the supposed individualist character of Hellenism. 2.Galatians is generally seen as one of Paul's undisputed or authentic letters, addressed ...

  20. 173 Christian Missionaries and Civilization in Southern Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NGOZI

    With this contention, much effort were made by five missionary societies- The Church Missionary Society, ..... As a result, the local people were able to study the. Bible in their own languages and they were made better .... of evil spirits with the love of God in Jesus Christ, the missionaries gave the people good education and ...

  1. Book Reviews | Laubscher | Acta Theologica

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Title: Worship for the whole people of God. Vital worship for the 21st century. Author: Duck, R. (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2013), pp. xxii + 334. ISBN: 978‑0‑664‑23427‑0. Title: Informed by Science, involved by Christ, How science can update, enrich and empower the Christian faith. Author: K. Nürnberger.

  2. Domestic abuse in the household of God

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    Abstract. The article compares the victimization that takes place in a dysfunctional abusive household and that which takes place in the household of God (Eph 2:9) where the bride of Christ (2 Cor 11:2) is abused at the hands of individuals that constitute what we know as the church system. This is often directed at the poor, ...

  3. The intermediate state in Paul | Fryer | HTS Teologiese Studies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The intermediate state in Paul. The point of view taken in this paper is that the apostle Paul envisions, between death and the resurrection of the body at the Parousia, an interim period during which the disembodied soul is in the immediate presence of Christ, though in a state of 'nakedness'. The background of Paul's view ...

  4. Vicarious substitution in the literary work of Shusaku Endō : On fools, animals, objects and doubles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coenradie, S.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/328202711

    2016-01-01

    This research systematically examines the theme of vicarious substitution in Shūsaku Endō’s literary work. It aims at enriching the traditional concepts of vicarious substitution. This study results in the following typology of vicarious substituion in Endo's literature: Christ-figures, including

  5. Fra Angelico’s painting technique revealed by terahertz time-domain imaging (THz-TDI)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dandolo, Corinna Ludovica Koch; Picollo, Marcello; Cucci, Costanza

    2016-01-01

    We have investigated with terahertz time-domain imaging (THz-TDI) the well-known Lamentation over the dead Christ panel painting (San Marco Museum, Florence) painted by Fra Giovanni Angelico within 1436 and 1441. The investigation provided a better understanding of the construction and gilding...

  6. A Christian College Devotes a Chapel to Many Faiths

    Science.gov (United States)

    Supiano, Becky

    2009-01-01

    Chapman University had a perfectly good chapel, but officials wanted a new one. What they came up with shares more with a Frank Lloyd Wright house than with a typical church. Though Chapman is affiliated with the Disciples of Christ, a mainline Protestant denomination, college leaders wanted a place of worship free of the trappings of…

  7. God, Heaven and Hell : The Philosophy of Belief | Asekhauno | Ilorin ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    While heaven is God's promised reward for all who accept Christ and do His will, hell is the abode for all who denounce him. To merit heaven, one is required to renounce worldliness and love God in one's neighbour. While many are undecided, some others remain confused about the reality or otherwise of both the ...

  8. Pop / Koit Raudsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsepp, Koit

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Ghostface "The Pretty Toney Album", Genialistid "Kogutud noorus 1993-2001", Genialistid "Gentel-Dentel", Filmimuusika "The Passion of the Christ", The Vines "Winning Days", Erinevad esitajad "Dancehall Party 2004", Erinevad esitajad "Lilled algebrale", Porn Sword Tobacco "Porn Sword Tobacco"

  9. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Oloyede, FA. Vol 13, No 1 (2011) - Articles Reproductive potentials of a tropical fern Cyclosorus afer (Christ.) Ching (Thelypteridaceae: Pteridopyhte) at Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria Abstract PDF. ISSN: 0794-4896. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians ...

  10. AFRREV IJAH, Vol.2 (1) February, 2012

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    the Islamic and Christian sacred texts and scientific strategies capable of improving the ... do to us for the sake of being true to Jesus Christ. A Christian .... Competition in the religious market intensified, which explains the easy resort to violence. In the democratic dispensation, northern non- Islamic ethnic groups, just as.

  11. Properties of Molecular organized assemblies at interfaces

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Dr.AURNA

    The Basilisk lizard or the 'Jesus Christ' lizard makes use of the high surface tension of water to accomplish the incredible feat of walking on water's surface. The Basilisk can't actually walk on water, it runs on water, moving its feet before they break through the surface ...

  12. A Schoolmarm All My Life: Personal Narratives from Frontier Utah.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinkead, Joyce, Ed.

    This book presents edited versions of the personal narratives of 24 Mormon women who taught school in frontier Utah. Drawn primarily from the archives of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, the accounts detail the women's lives as Mormons, as pioneers, and as teachers and have been edited to focus on the education of women,…

  13. A Selective and Evaluative Bibliographic Essay on Mormonism: For Use in Public, Academic, and Special Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laughlin, David L.

    The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) was established in 1830 by six men led by Joseph Smith. Today this group, commonly called Mormons, numbers approximately seven million members worldwide. Mormonism has sometimes been the object of public, political, and ecclesiastical animosity and misinformation. There is now a vast amount of…

  14. Living in Two Worlds: The Development and Transition of Mormon Education in American Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esplin, Scott C.; Randall, E. Vance

    2014-01-01

    Religious organisations have long relied on education to transmit cherished values, working within society to preserve their worldview. Therefore, when a religious education system is restructured, it can act as a barometer of change, revealing societal values and reflecting negotiated roles. Like other faiths, the Church of Jesus Christ of…

  15. Isolationism, Exceptionalism, and Acculturation: The Internationalisation of Mormon Education in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esplin, Scott C.; Randall, E. Vance; Griffiths, Casey P.; Morgan, Barbara E.

    2014-01-01

    Faiths have long used education as a means to preserve and transmit cultural values from one generation to the next. However, they have also employed education to unite people of different cultures and proselytise others to their worldview. Over the last two centuries, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Latter-day Saint, LDS, or…

  16. Growing an Ideology: How the Mormons Do It

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    philosophy, belief, choice, behavior, doctrine, religion , religious, religiosity, church, Mormon , Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints...B. THEORIES ON THE GROWTH AND DECLINE OF RELIGIONS .....25 C. MORMON GROWTH...focus of this research. 8 Mormons “have sustained the most rapid growth of any new religion in American history” and “stand on the threshold of

  17. 2011 Workplace and Equal Opportunity Survey of Reserve Component Members: Tabulations of Responses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    560 DMDC 107. What is your religion , if any? 1. Christian (e.g., Protestant, Catholic, Orthodox, Mormon /Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day...558  107.  What is your religion , if any?.......................................................................... 560  2011 Workplace and Equal...reside and their religion . Population and Reporting Categories The population of interest for the 2011 WEOR consisted of members from the Selected

  18. Das CB-Erzieherprofil: Meister Eckhart. - Michel de Montaigne. - Johann Friedrich Herbart. - Lev Nicolaevic Tolstoj. - August Hermann Francke. - Claude Adrien Helvétius. - Jean-Jacques Rousseau. - Ernst Christian Trapp. - Johann Gottlieb Fichte. - Niccolo Machiavelli

    OpenAIRE

    März, Fritz

    1991-01-01

    Das CB-Erzieherprofil: Meister Eckhart. - Michel de Montaigne. - Johann Friedrich Herbart. - Lev Nicolaevic Tolstoj. - August Hermann Francke. - Claude Adrien Helvétius. - Jean-Jacques Rousseau. - Ernst Christian Trapp. - Johann Gottlieb Fichte. - Niccolo Machiavelli. - In: Christ und Bildung. 37. 1991. S. 39, 75, 116, 151, 189, 221, 261, 295, 335, 366

  19. The vision of divine light in Saint Gregory Palamas's theology ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The present study represents a synthesis of Saint Gregory Palamas's teaching on the vision of Divine Light as it was articulated in the debate with his adversaries. Directly linked to this topic are other adjacent issues, namely the Transfiguration of Christ, the intellectual and the mystical knowledge, the nature of the divine ...

  20. Study of electrical properties of glassy Se100–xTex alloys

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. N Mehta1 A Dwivedi2 R Arora2 S Kumar3 A Kumar1. Department of Physics, Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur 208 002, India; Department of Physics, P.P.N. College, Kanpur 208 001, India; Department of Physics, Christ Church College, Kanpur 208 001, India ...

  1. Translation, Principles and Application in Theatre and Media Studies.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... translingual and intralingual paradigms, promotional to civilization, growth and enrichment of multiculturalism. Translations have afforded generation after generation opportunities to share in the ich ideas, ideals, discoveries, inventions and theories of iconic figures like Christ, Aristotle, Plato, Galileo and Kopernicus etc; ...

  2. Die metafoor 'saam met christus gekruisig' in kultuurhistoriese verband

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The metaphor 'being crucifi ed with Christ' in sociohistorical context. Crucifi xion is a concept that is far removed from the experience and understanding of the 21stcentury post-modern man. To understand the power of the message of the cross, one fi rst has to determine what the meaning of crucifi xion was to the person in ...

  3. 309 ----10 Dec 2009 [Final version].indd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-12-10

    Dec 10, 2009 ... (centre of meaning) Jesus Christ (Luther's so-called 'Christum treibet' principle; see Kissinger 1979:44–45). Luther identified at ... Hock (1987:449), however, was correct when he stated that this division of the parable ...... a peasant household to day labourer and, finally, to beggar, Lazarus most probably.

  4. Religion and Marriage in the Book of Ruth: The Implications for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper made a survey of the Old Testament book of Ruth with special interest in the marriage between Ruth and Boaz. The work considered the positive impact of this marriage for the Judeo-Christian world especially as manifested in the personalities of King David and Jesus Christ who of course came from the lineage ...

  5. the function of “weeping and gnashing of teeth” in matthew's gospel

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    micro levels. This consideration then makes it likely that the writer was attempting not only to communicate something through his repeated use of the phrase weeping and ... Firstly, Matthew 24, when compared to Mark 13, reveals the importance ... records Christ utilizing four primary expressions in referring to judgment,.

  6. imitatio christi and the holy folly of divine violence: the church as ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It would be excusable if it was motivated, as most political revolutions are, by a new founding myth and the belief in a better state, but the Christ event was without deontological or teleological justification (without founding or maintaining myth) and in that sense it was a true Lacanian ethical act8 or an act of divine violence.

  7. hts 63_4_ laubscher _out.verw.2

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    with a particular teleological element between the two. In Christ Barth sees the whole of the ethical reality claimed – a truth that summons – and which inevitably has and wants public interest and consequences. The debate with. Bultmann on the project of demythologizing shows how Barth sees. Christology as concrete and ...

  8. Moral Obligation and the Military: Collected Essays

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    millenial expectations of the second com- ing of the Christ and placed these expectations on earth. The problem to be addressed is how do you change (get rid...Teaching training and educating existing in, a fluid relationship that reflected the current trend in military thinking. With fluidity, however, both

  9. Karl Barth's role in church and politics from 1930 to 1935

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    politics from 1930 to 1935. André J Groenewald1. Pastor: Presbyterian Church of Scotland. Edinburgh, Scotland. Abstract. Karl Barth saw in natural theology a threat to the church of Christ. He was convinced that the so-called “German Christians” under the influence of the National Socialist Party practised natural theology.

  10. Onherhaalbaar, onontdoenbaar: Die doop as simbool van eenheid ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    confession of faith etc.) and are distinct from baptism that refers to the singular eschatological work of Christ and thus cannot be repeated. The church should, however, take pastoral care to ensure that people do not substitute their own spiritual experiences for the reality of salvation that is founded on the singular act of God, ...

  11. Onherhaalbaar, onontdoenbaar: Die doop as simbool van eenheid ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    14 Jan 2013 ... The church should, however, take pastoral care to ensure that people do not substitute their own spiritual experiences for the reality of salvation that is founded on the singular act of God, for us once and for all in Christ, to which baptism irrevocably refers. Probleemstelling. Daar is 'n oormaat van teologiese ...

  12. Technology FANTASY

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    The secret weapon of Dan Brown's book may be lurking out there is space, says S Ananthanarayanan DAN Brown's Da Vinci Code created interest in the legends about the life of Christ. His earlier book, Angels and Demons, was set in the Vatican City and dealt with the crisis of a piece of antimatter falling into the wrong hands.

  13. Divided Korea: United Future?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cumings, Bruce

    1995-01-01

    Korea's recorded history extends back before the birth of Christ. Through their long history, the Koreans have endured a variety of social, political, and economical crises. Confucianism has long been one of the most popular religions by which the Korean people have lived. However, Koreans also have embraced Buddhism and Christianity while…

  14. “God and the gods”: Faith and human-made idols in the theology of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The First Commandment is always in the background of his theology that concentrates on God's revelation in Jesus Christ. Only two of his lectures specifically concentrated on the First Commandment, only one of which was published. Barth, understood the First Commandment as an axiom of theology. It is self-evident; ...

  15. Domestic abuse in the household of God | Visser | HTS Teologiese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. The article compares the victimization that takes place in a dysfunctional abusive household and that which takes place in the household of God (Eph 2:9) where the bride of Christ (2 Cor 11:2) is abused at the hands of individuals that constitute what we know as the church system. This is often directed at the poor, ...

  16. Redeeming Emotion-Focused Therapy: A Christian Analysis of Its Worldview, Epistemology, and Emphasis

    OpenAIRE

    Hardin, Todd

    2014-01-01

    While emotion-focused therapy (EFT) offers clinically useful information to Christian practitioners, its underlying worldview, epistemology, and emphasis present challenges for Christian therapists. This article advocates that Christian practitioners can redeem EFT for Christ by evaluating and translating these presuppositions in light of Christian alternatives. In offering these alternatives, the article encourages the creation of a distinctively Christian emotion-focused therapy (CEFT).

  17. postmodernism and the need for story and promise: how robert ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    from postmodernism's rejection of metanarratives and its admission of. “defeat in the face of humankind's ..... clearly that God's identity cannot be found in a type of metaphysical transcendental being, but in .... we all eat one loaf we become one body and one blood of Christ and members of one another; we may be said to ...

  18. Monophysite consciousness in Russia in the 21st century: do we remember Chalcedonian Oros?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panishchev Aleksey Leonidovich

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article raised the problem from the Christological character. Its essence consists in the fact that at the level of every-day thinking of most religious people see Jesus Christ as the only God, not denying, but ignoring the human nature in Him. This approach is contrary to the essence of Christianity.

  19. Carmelita's In-Possible Dance: Another style of Christianity in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Two characteristics mark the Caribbean: capitalism and the hegemony of North Atlantic versions of Christianity. The colonization and exploitation of the Caribbean was justified in the name of profit and the dominant North Atlantic renderings of Christ's message. Having been conceived by the joint forces of these worldly and ...

  20. Fluid Matters. Gendering Holy Blood and Holy Milk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, W.H.M.; Dresen, G.; Houtman, D.; Meyer, B.

    2012-01-01

    This chapter discusses the religious meanings of blood and milk in Christianity and Islam. It is demonstrated that these meanings matter in the construction of men and women as differently and hierarchically placed religious and social subjects. Whereas male blood, as in the passion of Christ or

  1. Radical reconciliation: The TRC should have allowed Zacchaeus to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2006; Terreblanche 2002), as its chair and on the other hand, the chair – that is Desmond Tutu – made another extraordinary move when he Christianised the whole process of this commission when he opened most of the sessions with prayer, invoking the name of Jesus Christ (for forgiveness), and inviting the Holy Spirit ...

  2. Ecclesia reformata semper reformanda – die ongemaklike eis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    employing the genre of the so-called “Fool's speech” by means of which Paul argues that masks disguise the authentic identity of Christ-followers. Paul's rhetoric is applied in the article as an appeal to the modern-day church to be ecumenically open and anthropologically inclusive. The article demonstrates the uneasiness ...

  3. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Manyawu, AT. Vol 10 (2008) - Articles The capitalist Christ of the Word of Life Church's unlimited women's magazine: an intertextual and interdiscursive analysis. Abstract. ISSN: 1119-7048. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's ...

  4. Paupertas (poverty) in John Calvin's Institutes | Britz | Acta Theologica

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... to a temporal interim divine involvement. He cautiously upholds a reverent distance in respect of God's knowledge. However, when considering true and credible knowledge of God, the pastor withholds nothing from the splendour of the teaching of Scripture in this regard. In his inscrutable Deitas Dei the Father of Christ is, ...

  5. The Blessing of Abraham: Seeking an Interpretive Link between ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    God promised to bless not only Abraham, in Genesis 12:1-3, but to also bless all the families of the earth through him. And in Galatians 3:13-14, Paul relates this blessing as being bestowed upon the Gentiles through the redemptive work of Jesus Christ on the cross. Many prosperity preachers interpret the Abrahamic ...

  6. Mercy, Love and Salvation in Orthodox Spirituality | Dumitraşcu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... members of one's own community, but includes others, regardless of race, social class or even religion. It is a form of love which is not wasted in temporary and sentimental effusions, but actualised in concrete deeds, with the ultimate example supplied by Christ. Mercy also functions as a medicine against social inequality, ...

  7. Filosof Iústinos proroky motivovaný

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hoblík, Jiří

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 20, č. 1 (2014), s. 53-68 ISSN 1211-1872 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GBP401/12/G168 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Justin Martyr * prophets * philosophy * Logos * Jesus Christ Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  8. Rechtvaardiging en recht in de kerk: Over de theologische ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    For him, whose conception of the church started from the principle of the unique priesthood of Christ, church law was ius divinum. The Calvinists paid more attention to the church and her organisation than Luther did. Because they related the church order to the ordo salutis, the church came to serve the true doctrine, which ...

  9. “BOND OF LOVE”: THE ACTION OF THE SPIRIT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In the early Church, Ignatius of Antioch describes Christians as. “stones trimmed ready for God to build with, hoisted up by the derrick of. Jesus Christ (the ... and forms the harmony”. Augustine even feels that the very name of “Holy Spirit” indicates his bonding, as both features of holiness and spirituality are common to all.

  10. International Journal of Health Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erah

    “Uttaravaruni” in Sanskrit and “Utranajutuka” in Hindi while the plant, Carissa carandas, belonging to the family Apocynaceae, is commonly known as Christ's thorn or Bengal. Currant 'Kalakke' in Tamil [4]. Traditionally the plant P.daemia is used as anthelmintic, laxative, antipyretic and expectorant, and is also used to treat ...

  11. Fundamental rights and religion: The space between Cathedral and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-08-28

    Aug 28, 2015 ... society when those who were renewed by Christ live according to the love commandment and thus fulfil the law. ... would take us a long way on the road to a just society, more specific rules of conduct are needed. Such rules of .... risk of being flogged for offences against the labour laws, made contracts for ...

  12. Meie pühitsetud lipp / Peeter Laurits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laurits, Peeter, 1962-

    2006-01-01

    Mel Gibsoni mängufilm "Kristuse kannatused" ("The Passion of the Christ") : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2004. Selle filmi näitel esitab kunstnik oma vaatekoha kristliku kiriku moraali, eetika ja poliitika kohta, kaheldava õiguse kohta õpetada eesti koolis usuõpetust. Sama artikkel ka kogumikus "Esseed. Ajalehes Postimees ilmunud esseed 2005-2007", Postimees 2007, lk. 59-63 : ill

  13. Zhertvõ "Strastei" / Anna Fedina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fedina, Anna

    2004-01-01

    Mel Gibsoni mängufilmi "Kristuse kannatused" ("The Passion of Christ") seanssidel on saanud infarkti juba kaks vaatajat ning mõrva üles tunnistanud üks kurjategija. Kiirabi oli valves ka Iirimaa esilinastuse ajal. Südame atakke on juhtunud ka Lars von Trieri filmide näitamise ajal

  14. Narrative preaching - yet another perspective | Van Rensburg | Acta ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The theme of narrative preaching has been widely discussed for more than a decade. However, only recently did the interest in this form of communication of the gospel of Jesus Christ become apparent within the congregational context. Ministers increasingly find it necessary to adopt a new approach in preaching.

  15. Op soek na 'n duidelike reformatoriese paradigma vir kerklike gesag ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In search of a clear reformed paradigm on ecclesiastical authority. This article represents an effort to investigate the claim from different viewpoints that Jesus Christ is the real and sole authority in church polity. It is maintained in this article that different systems of church government replace in reality the ius divinum with a ...

  16. Oplakávání od brněnských minoritů: restaurování a interpretace

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Fogaš, I.; Hlobil, Ivo

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 60, č. 5 (2012), s. 401-407 ISSN 0049-5123 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : Gothic sculpture * relief of the Mourning of Christ * around 1500 * Moravian gallery in Brno Subject RIV: AL - Art , Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  17. Incarnation theology versus the sacralisation of authority | Muller ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article juxtaposed the theological theme of incarnation with quasi-religious invasions of public power structures and institutions in southern Africa, which has been described by the term sacralisation of authority. Incarnational theology as constructed on the model of the Incarnation of Jesus Christ concerns a ...

  18. Authority in the New Testament and the New Testament’s Authority

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, P.B.A.

    2017-01-01

    In an essayistic manner, drawing on both exegetical and systematic theological insights, this paper explores the contours of the notion of authority in the New Testament, arguing that authority in the New Testament is primarily the performance of (liberating) authority by Christ, to which the New

  19. Die wonders in Johannes 6 verklaar aan die hand van 'n ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The miracles in John 6: 1—21, explained in terms of an analysis of the narrator's perspective. The author of the Gospel of John reconstructed creatively, under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, certain events in the life of Jesus Christ. His description of these events does not amount to an accumulation of facts or to a literal ...

  20. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    THOLASI

    2007-09-19

    Sep 19, 2007 ... National Public School, 12th A Main Rd, HAL. IInd Stage, Bangalore 560 008. 5. Christ Junior College, Hosur Road, Bangalore. 560 029. 6. Dr A V Baliga PU College, Kumta 581 343. 7. R L Science Institute, Belgaum 590 001. 8. D V S Composite P.U.College, Basaveshwara. Circle, Shimoga 577 201. 9.

  1. Physical activity, health and wellness: Some challenges in the 21st ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Recognition of the salutogenic effect of physical activity, especially by medical professionals can be traced back to the 9th century before Christ. The health enhancing claims made by the medical professionals over the centuries are significant and some of them already implemented modern exercise principles in their ...

  2. Hymenoptera of Niğde province: Studies on Sphecidae fauna

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    12 Tem 2010 ... Distribution in the world: North Mediterranean Region,. Turkey, South West Asia, Turkmenistan (Bohart and. Menke, 1976). Distribution in Turkey: Ankara, Erzurum (De Beaumont,. 1967). Sphex (Prionyx) viduatus (Christ, 1791). Analyzed materials: Central District: Tepeköy, 1339 m,. 18.08.07 (1♀). Niğde: ...

  3. Dielectric relaxation in glassy Se75In25−xPbx alloys

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Department of Physics, Christ Church College, Kanpur 208 001, India ... have been reported on these glasses when compared to other electrical properties. 411 ..... 59–60, 1015 (1983). [5] N Tohge, M Hideaki and T Minami, ibid. 95–96, 809 (1987). [6] K L Bhatia, G Parthasarathy, E S R Gopal and A K Sharma, Solid State ...

  4. Overview of religions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Nicky

    2004-01-01

    This article provides a brief overview of 9 religions: Christianity, Judaism, Jehovah's Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Christian Science, Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Buddhism. Basic information on the origins, language, naming practices, diet, personal hygiene, and dress requirements is provided. For additional information, Web sites for each of these religions are also provided.

  5. Byzantské "drama" Trpící Kristus

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Fialová, Radka

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 23, č. 1 (2012), s. 30-45 ISSN 0862-5409 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GBP401/12/G168 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Byzantine drama * Passion of Christ * Ancient Greek tragedy Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  6. Til Sans og Samling - Dyr og Drift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lønstrup, Ansa

    2012-01-01

    I vores æstetiske relationer til film er lyd som medialitet ofte akademisk og analytisk underbelyst. Denne artikel undersøger æstetiseringen af lyd og lytning i Lars von Triers film AntiChrist med fokus på lydmaterialet, dets funktion og effekt, herunder dets direkte deltagelse i den filmiske...

  7. ministry to the congregation according to the letter to the ephesians

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    plan starts with the certainty of God's grace in Christ and the sealing by the Holy Spirit. It runs through human beings putting off the old self, renewing their spirit and thoughts and continuously putting on the armour of God so that they may withstand the evil powers through his strength. To this end, they must allow themselves ...

  8. the evolution of hospitals from antiquity to the renaissance 1.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    One would expect to find the origin of the hospital in the modern ... and slave hospitals were built for a specialised group and not for the public, and were ..... The present day. St. John's Ambulance evolved from the Hospitallers. The related Templars. (Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and Temple of Solomon, or the.

  9. The origin, development and a brief appraisal of the doctrine of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article traces the development of the Christ Apostolic Church's (CAC) doctrine of the baptism in the Holy Spirit, its current official stance and the church ministers' interpretations of the doctrine. To gather data for this work, focus-group discussions were held with groups of CAC ministers in 1992 and 2012. Data gathered ...

  10. Freiheit zu ökumenischer eucharistischer gastfreundschaft/zur ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pneumatological understanding of the Lord's Supper. After a short review of the last 70 years in the Protestant/Roman Catholic ecumenical relation in this regard, the main part treats the following: The presence of Christ in Word and Sacrament tending to ...

  11. The Perfect Storm: The Religious Apocalyptic Imagination and Personal Disaster Preparedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    1 A. OVERVIEW: WHAT DOES RELIGIOUS MILLENIALISM HAVE TO DO WITH PERSONAL DISASTER...1 I. INTRODUCTION A. OVERVIEW: WHAT DOES RELIGIOUS MILLENIALISM HAVE TO DO WITH PERSONAL DISASTER PREPAREDNESS? In the ongoing effort to foster...apocalyptic millenialism ,” and “millenarianism” because of its emphasis on the cataclysmic nature of the second coming of Christ (Partridge, 2008, p. 192

  12. Adenocarcinoma of the Uterine Cervix and its Precursor Lesion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Baalbergen (Astrid)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ More than 2000 years have elapsed since the first description of cervical cancer by Hippocrates. Aretaeus, an ancient Greek physician practicing in the first century before Christ, described uterine cancer as superficial and deep ulcers, which later infiltrate the

  13. The SeveNTh ecUMeNIcAl coUNcIl AND The veNerATIoN of IcoNS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Iconography is an old art form for which the ancient egyptians were renowned. Some of their most famous works .... and Biblical teachings with their very unique spiritual meanings. Therefore, as the average person ..... of veneration of icons and ordered the removal of an icon depicting christ, which had hung over one of the ...

  14. AWKA JOURNAL 2012 PRINT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    IKENNA

    Church, rather described the Church through some images drawn from the bible. (Church as sheepfold of Christ, ... image of the Church are the teaching whereby the Church is presented as the People of God and its ..... assistance and security at illness, incapacity, old age, resignation or even removal or imposed penalties.

  15. THE GOAL OF MATURITY IN EPHESIANS 4:13-16

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    15:12-28). 6 Similar to what would be called “rule of faith” or “canon of truth”, which means the central points of Christian teaching as articulated by the apostles, namely that Christ was killed, raised from the dead, and exalted; that these things happened in fulfilment of Old Testament prophecies and were attested by the.

  16. historical narrative and wisdom. towards preaching esther

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sermons on Esther. Biblical characters have long fascinated Scripture readers: Good deeds received praise and were deemed worthy of imitation; dark deeds were examined ... teaching, which in cooperation with the explicit teachings of Scripture, ... ways of preaching the Old Testament theologically with a focus on Christ.

  17. 05 Inkanyiso Ras 2.fm

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Home

    and follow good moral values like in the Bible. Research approach .... teachings of John the Baptist and his advice to follow Jesus, the Christ (the Messiah) (John 1: 19, 23-26, 29-34; Ras, 1987). In other words, according to ..... A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and other Early Christian Literature. Eighteenth.

  18. West African Journal of Industrial and Academic Research ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Osuagwwu

    James tabor's hypothesis came into existence within the scope of the Christian theologyof. Christ's Humanness theory. In many New testament references like the Gospel account of. Matthew, Jesus was .... mother while traditional Christian teachings of. Jesus Birth took a .... So you must remove what is evil from your midst.”.

  19. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. A Jung. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 28 Issue 1-2 February-April 2003 pp 147-165. Thermomechanical fatigue – Damage mechanisms and mechanism-based life prediction methods · H-J Christ A Jung H J Maier R Teteruk · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. An existing extensive ...

  20. Discipleship within the Home

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Mark Edwin

    2011-01-01

    God considers parents the primary disciplers of their children. He created the family to be the incubator of a teenager's spiritual growth. God has given parents the responsibility of creating an environment suitable for their teen to become a follower of Christ. He also expects parents to maintain the maturation process while their children still…

  1. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. R Teteruk. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 28 Issue 1-2 February-April 2003 pp 147-165. Thermomechanical fatigue – Damage mechanisms and mechanism-based life prediction methods · H-J Christ A Jung H J Maier R Teteruk · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. An existing extensive ...

  2. Untitled

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mother of Christ Specialist Hospital (MCSH) both in Enugu and Comprehensive Health Centre (CHC),. Bishop Shanahan Hospital both in Nsukka. This study ascertained the relationship between the clinic-based nutrition instructions given to the nursing mothers and their infant complementary feeding practices. Three.

  3. Soil Properties under Selected Homestead Grown Indigenous Tree ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    P. Bamps, Buddleja polystachya Fres. and Chamaecytisus palmensis (Christ) Bisby and K. The first four are indigenous, while the last one is an exotic N-fixing species. The soil pH values under H. abyssinica and S. gigas were above 6.34 as compared to the soil pH values under C. palmensis, D. torrida and B. polystachya.

  4. 9-17 Soil Properties under Selected Homestead Grown Indigenous ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    P. Bamps, Buddleja polystachya Fres. and Chamaecytisus palmensis (Christ) Bisby and K. The first four are indigenous, while the last one is an exotic N-fixing species. The soil pH values under H. abyssinica and S. gigas were above 6.34 as compared to the soil pH values under C. palmensis, D. torrida and B. polystachya.

  5. Christophany by the Lake Tiberias (Jn 21: 1-14. Interpretation problems and the meaning of the text

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryszard Wróbel

    2007-10-01

    The author hopes that the present article may be a good example of various difficulties that can be found by everyone who tries to fathom the paschal mystery of Jesus Christ, which the christophany from the last chapter of John’s gospel is an inseparable part of.

  6. 120 Luther and Zwingli's Eucharistic Controversy: A Reflection on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NGOZI

    UJAH: Unizik Journal of Arts and Humanities. 121. 2. that the ... which was the key note of the Eucharist (1Cor. 11:23-27). Paul opined that the aim of gathering to celebrate the Eucharist and to share the mystery of the body and blood of Jesus Christ is to put an ... that he encouraged education in eloquence by a study of the.

  7. Elders as leaders in 1 Peter and the early Church

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    This includes “exercising sound judgment and being alert” (v 7b), maintaining constant love toward one another” (v 8a), “being .... own fashion, in the priesthood of Christ. (For relevant texts and for a fuller .... provide the earliest evidence of a developing trend to attribute to elders the function of oversight and to portray elders ...

  8. Matthew, Paul and the origin and nature of the gentile mission: The ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Great Commission at the conclusion of Matthew's Gospel is one of its key texts. In this tradition the risen Christ overturns the previous restriction of the mission to Israel alone and demands that the disciples evangelise all the nations. The gospel they were to proclaim included observance of the Torah by Jew and Gentile ...

  9. Die ontwikkeling van 'n strategiese gemeentelike ekklesiologie - Op ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In addition, these markers function on three levels: First, the level of God as the origin of the church; Secondly, the level of the church that recreates community with God through a life of gratitude and spiritual disciplines in the context of a family while functioning as a body of Christ; Thirdly, the level of the church's relationship ...

  10. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Amp Fiddler "Afro Strut", Various "The World Is Gone", Guillemots "Through The Windowpane", Geltic Frost "Monotheist", Joan As Police Woman "Real Life", Slayer "Christ Illusion", Apocalyptica "Amplified//A Decade of Reinventing the Cello", Erinevad esitajad "Delicious Cafe Moskva - mixed by Dave Storm", Honey Power "Macrosilly"

  11. Gbenga & Babalola

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PUBLICATIONS1

    1Department of Sports Science, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Dredeemed4christ@gmail.com ... 2016 Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST). Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. ... information from the respondents. Proportionate stratified and simple random sampling tech-.

  12. 29 CFR 825.125 - Definition of health care provider.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definition of health care provider. 825.125 Section 825.125... Definition of health care provider. (a) The Act defines “health care provider” as: (1) A doctor of medicine... under State law; (3) Christian Science Practitioners listed with the First Church of Christ, Scientist...

  13. 'Ascended far above all the heavens': Rhetorical functioning of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article explores the dynamic yet complex intertextual fusion and reappropriation of (mainly Jewish) traditions in Ephesians as the author's experience and understanding of the ascended Christ. Special attention is given to the probable functioning of Psalm 68:18 (LXX 67:19) in Ephesians 4:1–16. In conclusion, the ...

  14. The Pope's Jesus book and the Christologies of the gospels | Weren ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this way, the book narrows the gap between the historical Jesus and the Christ of faith. The next section argues for maintaining the multiplicity of images of Jesus as a literary figure that is the fruit of relatively recent approaches: redaction criticism, narrative-semantic analysis and intertextuality. The final section contains a ...

  15. Bernard of Clairvaux

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Else Marie Wiberg

    2010-01-01

    sermons is that of communicating the Gospel (evangelizare), and Bernard points to Paul's didactics and pedagogical strategy when he explicates how this evangelization in and through Christ should take place. One of the NT texts by Paul and/or John is also the typical hermeneutical key in Bernard's famous...

  16. Domestic abuse in the household of God | Visser | HTS Teologiese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The article compares the victimization that takes place in a dysfunctional abusive household and that which takes place in the household of God (Eph 2:9) where the bride of Christ (2 Cor 11:2) is abused at the hands of individuals that constitute what we know as the church system. This is often directed at the poor, ...

  17. Kerkreg? Die plek van Kerkreg en Kerkregering | van Wyk | HTS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is generally accepted that John Calvin can be referred to as the founder of the presbyterial-synodal form of church government which is found in the Reformed Churches. It would therefore be appropriate to focus on his views and to indicate to what extent he influenced the notion that Jesus Christ is Head of the Church ...

  18. De Man van Smarten, een leven lang

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Belt, Hendrik; Kunz, A. J.; Vergunst, P. J.

    2017-01-01

    This meditative explanation of the formula in the Apostles Creed "who suffered under Pontius Pilate" reflects on its meaning in Early Christianity and in the Reformation. Originally a reference to the historical reality of the suffering and crucifixion of Christ, in the Reformation Pontius Pilate

  19. A Nonscience Forerunner to Modern Near-Death Studies in America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundahl, Craig R.

    1994-01-01

    Presents information on The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Examines Joseph Smith's early knowledge of death experience and teachings on death, five historical Mormon near-death experience (NDE) accounts predating 1864 and two NDEs in late 1800s, other Mormon teachings on death experience, and Mormon sources of knowledge on death…

  20. Sacrifice in Early Christianity : The Social Dimension of a Metaphor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rouwhorst, Gerard; Duyndam, Joachim; Korte, Anne-Marie; Poorthuis, Marcel

    2016-01-01

    In Early Christianity the term 'sacrifice' was understood in a metaphorical way. The key to this metaphorical was to be found in the life and the death of Jesus Christ which which was interpreted as a self-offering and, for its part, constituted the model of the Christian way of life. Although this

  1. Ritual failure in Romans 6

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-08-05

    Aug 5, 2016 ... between death to sin and full resurrection, but what the. (footnote 19 continues...) baptised person appropriates the significance of that death for him- or herself. In this understanding of the ritual, the experience of the Christian is firmly and vividly grounded in the story of the death and resurrection of Christ.

  2. Kerklike tug volgens 1 Korintiërs 5 en 6 | Engelbrecht | HTS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ecclesiastical discipline according to 1 Cor 5 & 6. According to Paul the believers in Jesus Christ form a community, being in certain aspects completely different from Jews or Gentiles. In order to be what they in principle already are, and for the ultimate benefit of the offenders, ecclesiastical discipline should be applied by ...

  3. Die wese van die kerk: 'n Teologiese antwoord op 'n filosofiese vraag

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this article an attempt is made to define the essence of the church in the most concentrated formula possible. In doing so it is argued that the most essential truth regarding the church resides in the fact that it belongs to the Lord, Jesus Christ. Then it is indicated what relevance this definition has for the formulation and ...

  4. The Babylonian Captivity of the Popes: Lessons for the 21st Century ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Since the death and resurrection of Christ, the church has been a focal point in the history and development of the human race. Church as an institution has been a determinant factor in the socio-economic, politico-cultural and religious segments of the society. As a great player, its success has been the success of the ...

  5. Il cinema di Pasolini e la morte: tra complesso della mummia e sindrome di Frankenstein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomaso Subini

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Cinema's ability to defeat death by stopping the run of time is written inside its own statute. Confiding on this capacity, Pasolini devotes his filmic work to the theme of death (interrogated through Christ's myth and elaborates a linguistic theory (strictly linked to the performative aspects of his artistic work to give an explanation of death through a filmic metaphor.

  6. The Dysfunctional Family Unit and the Putrefaction of the Old South

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-17

    Research and Development Agreement) exists O Photo/ Video Opportunities D STEM-outreach Related [] New Invention/ Discovery/ Patent Description/Rel...theory which was developed by Christ 5 Minuchin , the family is "a complex social unit with multiple roles and reciprocal relationships that exists in

  7. An Examination of Internet Pornography Usage among Male Students at Evangelical Christian Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chelsen, Paul O.

    2011-01-01

    Internet pornography access among male students at Evangelical Christian colleges presents two dilemmas. First, Internet pornography access is institutionally prohibited based on a Biblical view of sexuality. The second dilemma is that individual students who choose to follow the teaching of Jesus Christ in the context of Evangelical Christian…

  8. The immanence and transcendence of God in Adamic incarnational Christology: An African ethical reflection for the public

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vhumani Magezi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that the transcendence and immanence of God amplified in Christ should influence African believers� private and public ethics. It accomplishes this by engaging transcendence and immanence of God in the traditional African worldview. The African traditional worldview in many respects believes the transcendent God whose immanence is mediated by lesser spiritual intermediary powers. In responding to this view of God�s transcendence and immanence, we discuss the amplified transcendence and immanence of God in the Adamic incarnational Christological model. This model argues that in the incarnation, God�s transcendence and immanence is amplified by his assumption of our human mode of existence as the New Adam for our redemption. That is, even though God has always been transcendent and present within his creation before the incarnation, his immanence within humanity is amplified by God becoming man in and through Jesus Christ as the New Adam. The ascension of Jesus Christ does not diminish God�s presence within Christians. God continues to have his personal presence within believers through the dynamic presence of the Holy Spirit among them. The transcendence and immanence of God (amplified in Christ therefore is brought to bear in the private and public ethics of Christians. In contrast to the limited immanence of human beings, God�s immanence is infinite. That is, there is nothing human beings can do which is outside of God�s reach and knowledge. It is from this perspective that African Christians are encouraged to live lives conscious of the infinite-immanent God, who sees both their private and public lives. The private and public life of believers should resemble God�s character and behaviour demonstrated by Jesus Christ, God incarnate, in his earthly ministry. Thus, the transcendence and immanence of God amplified in Christ influences African believers to live as the true ambassadors of Christ who exhibit

  9. The Theology of Priesthood and the Priest Office in the First Century Christianity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz Kasprzak

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Neither the Apostles nor any Christian minister is admitted to use the priest’s title in the text of the New Testament. Nevertheless, in the New Testament we can perceive the development of the doctrine of the priest ministry in the early Church. Albert Vanhoye maintains that the lack of the term “priest” in the New Testament suggests the way of understanding of the Christian ministry, different from this in the Old Testament. It can’t be considered as a continuation of Jewish priesthood, which was concentrated mainly on ritual action and ceremonies. In the first century the Church developed the Christology of priesthood (Hbr and ecclesiology of priesthood (1 P. Early Christians focused first on the redemptive event of Jesus Christ’s sacrifice and Jesus as the mediator of a new covenant. Only then the religious communities adopted the priest’s title for their ministry. In the early years of the Church, all the ministries were regarded as a charismatic service among the Christian communities. In their services the early Christians followed Jesus Christ sent by God to serve. The Holy Spirit sent by God in the name of Jesus bestowed the spiritual gifts upon the Church (1 Kor 12–13. Consequently the disciples of Jesus and their successors could continue his mission. The Twelve Apostles’ ministry was the very first and most important Christian ministry. It was closely connected to the service of Jesus Christ himself. The Apostles were sent by the authority of Jesus Christ to continue his mission upon earth and they preached the Good News of the risen Christ. The Apostolicity was the fundamental base for every Church ministry established in different Christian communities. Successive ministries were established in order to transmit the teaching of Jesus Christ and to lead the community. For the early Christians the priesthood was not an individual privilege. It had rather the community character.

  10. What is Christian about Christian bioethics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waters, Brent

    2005-12-01

    What is Christian about Christian bioethics? The short answer to this question is that the Incarnation should shape the form and content of Christian bioethics. In explicating this answer it is argued that contemporary medicine is unwittingly embracing and implementing the transhumanist dream of transforming humans into posthumans. Contemporary medicine does not admit that there are any limits in principle to the extent to which it should intervene to improve the quality of human life. This largely inarticulate, yet ambitious, agenda is derived first in late modernity's failed, but nonetheless ongoing, attempt to transform necessity into goodness, and second the loss of any viable concept of eternity, thereby stripping temporal existence of any normative significance. In short, medicine has become the vanguard of a profane attempt to save humankind by extracting data from flesh. In response, it is contended that an alternative Christian bioethics must be shaped by the Incarnation, the Word made flesh. This assertion does not entitle Christians to oppose the posthuman trajectory of contemporary medicine on the basis of any natural or biological essentialism. Rather, it is an evangelical witness to the grace of Christ's redemption instead of the work of self-transformation. It is Christ alone who thereby makes the vulnerability and mortality of finitude a gift and blessing. Specifically, it is maintained that the chasm separating necessity and goodness cannot be filled but only bridged through the suffering entailed in Christ's cross, and through Christ's resurrection eternity becomes the standard against which the temporal lives of human creatures are properly formed and measured. Consequently, Christian bioethics should help us become conformed to Christ rather than enabling self-transformation.

  11. The role of the cross in the saving work of God in the theology of St. Paul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franciszek Mickiewicz

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The author of this article analyzes the texts, in which St. Paul writes on the subject of Christ’s sacrifice on the cross. In Ga 2: 19–20 the apostle presents the love of Christ as an essential feature of his nature and he suggests that this love was expressed in the particular, historical self offering on the cross. In Rom 5: 7–8 he states that the only motive for the redeeming sacrifice, which the Son of God offered of himself, following the will of the Father, is the heroic love, shown in the death for sinners. Despite the fact that in the antiquity the cross was a tool of the most degrading and humiliating death, St. Paul writes in Ga 6: 14 that he boasts of the cross of Jesus Christ, furthermore, in 1 Cor 1: 24 he adds that the crucified Christ is “the power of God and the wisdom of God”. In Ga 3: 13 Paul observes a state of humanity, overloaded with the curse of sin, as a slavery, from which the Christ freed it, through his sacrifice offered on the wood of the cross, because on it, by his own will he took this curse, which was leading humanity to condemnation, on himself. Further deepening of the theological reflection on the role of the cross in the saving work of God can be found in Eph 2: 13–16 and Col 1: 19–20. The author of these texts recognizes the blood of Christ, poured out on the cross, as the tool of reconciliation and introducing peace and reconciliation to the world.

  12. Studi Biblika Dan Teologis Surat 2 Petrus Pasal 3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliezer Lewis

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Pengajaran yang benar tentang Kedatangan Kristus yang kedua kali sangat penting agar umat Allah tetap setia menanti kedatangan Kristus yang kedua kali. Kemunculan guru-guru palsu yang memberikan pengajaran yang tidak benar yang dialami oleh gereja mula-mula, menjadi pembelajaran bagi gereja masa kini. Ajaran guru-guru palsu berkaitan dengan adanya penolakan terhadap firman Allah, penolakan terhadap keilahian Kristus, dan penolakan terhadap kedatangan Kristus yang kedua kalinya. Secara biblika, Surat 2 Petrus 3 mengajarkan tentang penciptaan dan peristiwa air bah. Secara teologis surat ini menekankan tentang Kedatangan Kristus yang kedua kali, langit baru dan bumi baru, keselamatan untuk hidup yang kekal dan Alkitab sebagai firman Allah yang berotoritas.Kata-kata kunci: guru-guru palsu, Kedatangan Kristus kedua kali, penciptaan, pengajaran KristenCorrect teaching concerning the Second Coming of Christ is essential so that the Church is faithful in waiting for Jesus Christ’s return. The emergence of false teachers which was experienced by the early church serves as a lesson for the contemporary church. The teaching of the false teachers is related to rejection of the Word of God, the rejection of the divinity of Christ, and the rejection of theteaching about the Second Coming of Christ. From a biblical point of view, 2 Peter 3 teaches about creation and the flood. Theologically, this letter emphasizes the Second Coming of Christ, a new heaven and earth, salvation that leads to eternal life, and the Bible as the authoritative Word of God. Keywords: false teachers, the Second Coming of Christ, creation, Christian teaching

  13. Nest Architectural Patterns by Three Wasp Species ( and with Reference to Their Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farzana Perveen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, the nest architectural patterns, elemental analysis and their behavior were carried out in three wasp species: Vespa velutina (Lepeletier, Polistes flavus (Cresson and Sceliphron formosum (Smith from the different localities of the Mansehra, Pakistan. The V. velutina nest was completely closed except for one opening for entry or exit with 1–10 layers of hexagonal cells inside the nest. The nests of P. flavus were found among bunches of leaves of trees with 1–5 layers and hexagonal cells same as in V. velutina. Nests of the S. formosum were pitcher-shaped, found in muddy places, and consisted of 1–10 cells. Social behavior of wasps showed strong foraging, defensive behaviors, pseudo-attack, subsequent erratic flight, wing buzzing, mandibular pecking, abdominal pumping and abdominal twisting with highly developed parental care. It was concluded that the behaviors of these 3 wasp species was highly developed as compared with other insects.

  14. Social Hackers: Integration in the Host Chemical Recognition System by a Paper Wasp Social Parasite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turillazzi, S.; Sledge, M. F.; Dani, F. R.; Cervo, R.; Massolo, A.; Fondelli, L.

    Obligate social parasites in the social insects have lost the worker caste and the ability to establish nests. As a result, parasites must usurp a host nest, overcome the host recognition system, and depend on the host workers to rear their offspring. We analysed cuticular hydrocarbon profiles of live parasite females of the paper wasp social parasite Polistes sulcifer before and after usurpation of host nests, using the non-destructive technique of solid-phase micro-extraction. Our results reveal that hydrocarbon profiles of parasites change after usurpation of host nests to match the cuticular profile of the host species. Chemical evidence further shows that the parasite queen changes the odour of the nest by the addition of a parasite-specific hydrocarbon. We discuss the possible role of this in the recognition and acceptance of the parasite and its offspring in the host colony.

  15. Wasp venom proteins: phospholipase A1 and B.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, T P; Kochoumian, L; Joslyn, A

    1984-04-01

    Three major venom proteins from different species of wasps have been isolated and characterized. They are hyaluronidase, phospholipase, and antigen 5 of as yet unknown biochemical function. These three proteins are allergens in wasp venom-sensitive persons. The species of wasps studied, of the genus Polistes, were annularis, carolina, exclamans, fuscatus, and instabilis. Antigen 5 and phospholipase from wasp venoms were shown to be antigenically distinct from homologous proteins of yellowjacket venoms. The venom phospholipase from wasp, as well as that from yellowjacket (Vespula germanica), appears to have dual enzymatic specificities of the A1 and B types. That is, hydrolysis takes place at the 1-acyl residue of phosphatidylcholine and at the 1- or 2-acyl residue of lysophosphatidylcholine.

  16. Partial cytochrome b sequences for six Hymenoptera of the eastern United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, A M; Gardner, L M

    2001-01-01

    Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotypes have been commonly used to determine honeybee subspecies relationships. To see if these markers would also be useful for comparisons of other Hymenoptera, we collected workers of six local species: Vespa crabro, the European hornet; Bombus impatiens, a bumblebee; Vespula germanica, the German yellow jacket; Polistes fuscatus, a paper wasp; Halictus ligatus, an alkali bee; and an unspecified Megachile, a leafcutting bee. MtDNA was isolated and digested with six endonucleases (AvaI, BglII, EcoRI, HindIII, HinfI, XbaI). The digested DNA was electrophoresed and visualized on agarose gels with comparison to a standard fragment marker and similarly treated honeybee mtDNA. The fragments obtained were also purified and sequenced. Phylogenetic relationships between six wasp and bee species, Apis mellifera, and several other similar aculeate Hymenoptera were determined. Newly defined DNA sequences were posted to GenBank (AF281169-AF281174).

  17. Sensitivity to European wasps in a group of allergic patients in Marseille: preliminary results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panzani, R; Blanca, M; Sánchez, F; Juarez, C

    1994-01-01

    The wasp Polistes dominulus (PD), the yellow jacket Vespula germanica (VG) and the hornet Vespa crabro (VC) are allergenically important social wasps found in Europe. Serum samples obtained from allergic subjects in Marseille were studied in order to determine the positivity by RAST to these venoms. All the sera studied had IgE antibodies to at least one of the wasp venoms tested and 50% had IgE antibodies that reacted with more than one venom. The presence in some sera of IgE antibodies to the venoms of all three wasps and RAST inhibition studies suggested that the three venoms were relevant in the area studied and that most sera were positive to the three venoms due to allergenic cross-reactivity. However, inhibition studies revealed that 2 patients may have had antibodies that did not cross-react and that were specific for the venom of only one species.

  18. Population diversity in cuticular hydrocarbons and mtDNA in a mountain social wasp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonelli, Mariaelena; Lorenzi, Maria Cristina; Christidès, Jean-Philippe; Dupont, Simon; Bagnères, Anne-Geneviève

    2015-01-01

    Nestmate recognition is a common phenomenon in social insects that typically is mediated by cuticular hydrocarbons. Geographical variation in cuticular hydrocarbons has been observed, although the pattern of variation is not consistent across species and is usually related to the biology and ecology of the different species. Polistes biglumis (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) is a social wasp that lives in high mountains where populations are separated by significant geographical barriers. Here we investigated the level of chemical variation among populations of P. biglumis in the Alps, and shed light on the phylogeography of this species. Populations could be discriminated by means of their cuticular hydrocarbon profiles, which showed a pattern consistent with the isolation-by-distance hypothesis. Molecular data highlighted two areas with different levels of haplotype diversity, although all wasps belonged to the same species. These results suggest that the populations of P. biglumis in the Alps are geographically isolated from one another, favoring their genetic and chemical differentiation.

  19. Cost of strepsipteran macroparasitism for immature wasps: does sociality modulate virulence?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hughes, David P.; Kathirithamby, J.

    2005-01-01

    mortality, where growth/reproduction can be slower. A prominent example of a low mortality environment for parasites are immature social insects. Here we examined the cost of parasitism, i.e. virulence, experienced by larval and pupal stages of Polistes wasps following infection by endoparasitic...... Strepsiptera (under starvation conditions). We found that there was no difference in virulence between infected and uninfected individuals for the seven days following infection; either measured as host mortality or mass loss. Likewise, there was no observed cost of parasitism during the first seven days...... of the pupal stage of the host. Growth of the endoparasitic stages appeared the same between starved laboratory individuals and field caught samples. Strepsipteran parasites apparently enter a lag phase until the later stages of host pupal development, which we speculate reduces the negative impact...

  20. Social wasps (Polistinae from Pampa Biome: South Brazil, Northeastern Argentina and Uruguay

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    Alexandre Somavilla

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. This study aimed to determine social wasps’ species from Pampa Biome. Were examined samples of social wasps from south-central of Rio Grande do Sul state (Brazil, parts of Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, Corrientes, Cordoba, Santa Fé and La Pampa provinces (Argentina and in Uruguay maintained in the Coleção Entomológica de Santa Cruz do Sul (Santa Cruz do Sul-Brazil, American Museum of Natural History (USA, Natural History Museum (London-United Kingdom and Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris-France. Thirty species were recorded: Agelaia (01, Brachygastra (01, Mischocyttarus (04, Polistes (15, Polybia (08 and Protonectarina (01. Vespas sociais do Bioma Pampa: sul do Brasil, nordeste da Argentina e Uruguai. Resumo. Este estudo objetivou determinar as espécies de vespas sociais provenientes do Bioma Pampa. Foram examinadas vespas sociais provenientes de coletas da região centro-sul do Rio Grande do Sul (Brasil, parte das províncias de Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, Corrientes, Cordoba, Santa Fé e La Pampa (Argentina e Uruguai depositadas na Coleção Entomológica de Santa Cruz do Sul (Santa Cruz do Sul-Brasil, American Museum of Natural History (Nova Iorque-USA, Natural History Museum (Londres-Reino Unido e Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris-França. Trinta espécies foram registradas: Agelaia (01, Brachygastra (01, Mischocyttarus (04, Polistes (15, Polybia (08 e Protonectarina (01.

  1. An example of the influence of the gospel lectionary on the iconography of medieval wall painting

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    Marković Miodrag

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The influence of the Gospel lectionary (evangelistarion on the iconography of medieval wall painting was rather sporadic. One of the rare testimonies that it did exist, nevertheless, is the specific iconographic formula for the scene of Christ in the house of Martha and Mary, preserved in a number of King Milutin's foundations - Gračanica (ca. 1320, Chilandar katholikon (1321 and St. Nicetas near Skopje (ca. 1324. In all three churches, the iconographic formula corresponds for the most part to the description in the Gospel (Lk 10, 38-42. A large number of figures were painted against an architectural background, intimating that the action in the event was taking place indoors (draw. 1, figs. 1, 2. Among the figures, only Christ is marked by a halo. He is sitting on a small wooden bench, and addressing a woman, who is standing in front of him. This is certainly Martha. Her sister Mary is sitting at the feet of Christ. Next to Christ is Peter, and one or two more disciples, while numerous onlookers, men and women, are depicted behind Martha. There is no mention of either them or the apostles in the Gospel of Luke. The appearance of the disciples' figures, however, is easy to explain because they appear usually in greater or lesser numbers with Christ, in the scenes from the cycle of Christ's Public Ministry. In addition to this, this passage from the Gospel intimates that Christ entered the village in the company of his disciples. As for the figures behind Martha, at a first glimpse, one would assume that they are Judeans, the same ones that sometimes, according to the Gospel of John (11:19-31, appear in the house of Martha and Mary in the episodes painted next to the Raising of Lazarus. Still, such an assumption is not plausible because among the mentioned figures in the depictions in Gračanica, Chilandar and St. Nicetas, one can distinguish a woman above the other figures, her right arm raised, addressing Christ. This figure enables an

  2. [Patron saints and Christian perception of health and illness].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spehar, Milan

    2012-01-01

    As a religion based on the teaching of Jesus Christ, from the outset Christianity has developed a completely different attitude toward health and illness than the Old Testament. Health and illness are now viewed through the eyes of Jesus Christ the redeemer, who accepted each and every man. The history of Christianity has had its episodes of masochistic attitude toward illness, but today it clearly underscores the need to fight it with any means available, but it also teaches to accept what can not be changed. Saints are often patrons against diseases they had to endure. However, this is not their main role. To this day many seem to miss the main point their heritage, but see them as miracle healers. This misperception of miracle needs revising as well as the simplistic interpretation of the healing powers of relics (viewed as a demiurge of sort) and of the private vows and votive offerings.

  3. Silence in liturgy as the space for the Holy Ghost’s activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelajda Sielepin

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to clarify the essential and often neglected function of liturgical silence. In practice silence is usually intended to prepare the participants for listening or reflecting upon the word, especially when proclaimed by the minister. Whereas it is vital to know that silence constitutes a creative element of the liturgy, because the involvement of the Holy Spirit. In His action and cooperation with the participants He enables them to get into communion with Christ the Word and the Person and eventually to join effectively His mission. In that sense silence helps the Holy Ghost to fulfill His function in continuing the dialogue between God and man as well as in enhancing one’s spiritual skills for the fruitful participation in the Mystery of Christ and the Church.

  4. Materialism, Dialectics and Theology in Alain Badiou

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsen, Mads Peter

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the relationship between materialism, dialectics, and theology in Alain Badiou's work. The first three sections of the article focus on Badiou's reading of Hegelian dialectics in his 1982 work, Theory of the Subject. The first section accounts for Badiou's splitting of Hegel...... into an idealist and materialist dialectic, and presents an exposition of the latter. The second section outlines Badiou's critical analysis of the theological model implicit in Hegel's dialectics. The third section investigates the core of this criticism through a discussion of Badiou's reading of the “negation...... of the negation.” The remaining four sections examine the anti-dialectical interpretation of the Christ-event that Badiou presents in his book Saint Paul. Here the article illustrates how Badiou's insistence on separating the death of Christ from the resurrection is linked to his rejection of the doctrines...

  5. Beyond Visibility: the "Crucifixion Eclipse" in the Context of Some Other Astronomical Events of the Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaskell, C. M.

    1993-12-01

    A variety of astronomical, biblical and other historical evidence favors Friday April 3, AD 33 as the date of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ (see Hoehner 1977, "Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ"). There was also a partial lunar eclipse on that day. Schaefer (1990, QJRAS, 31, 53) has shown convincingly that, while technically the eclipse did occur while the moon was above the horizon in Jerusalem, this eclipse could not have been seen from Jerusalem. However there is good evidence that predictable celestial events were regarded as significant even if they were not visible because of daylight or clouds. Some specific examples will be given of celestial events which would not have been visible from the region, but which were none the less regarded as highly significant during this period. It will be argued that the significance of the lunar eclipse on the day of the crucifixion would be independent of its visibility.

  6. We Detect Blue Light Phenomena Correlating with Environmental and Weather Changes, and Historic Native Americans or Their Place Names.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochs, Michael Ann; Mc Leod, Roger D.; Mc Leod, Edward M.

    2003-10-01

    Katahdin (Christ Cathar Spirit-signal stronghold) in Maine is sacred to the Penobscot Indian Nation. That mountain complex, and areas like Ellis Pond, ME and Penley Hill/Anasagunticook (adherent of Jesus Christ Spirit-signal doctor church) of the Mexico/Rumford/Mountain Valley region, also in Maine, have an association with historic Native Americans like the medicine woman Molocket/Molly Ockett. We have observed that these and other regions generate electromagnetic field (EMF) signals, which we can detect visually and in other ways. Such signals have sometimes been associated with significant and dynamic weather phenomena. Ohio's Serpent Mound and associated regions, or those now occupied by the Hopi Indian Nation, formerly an ancient Anasazi site, or areas of the current and earlier Mayan Nations, or the Nazca Plateau of Peru, may generate signals correlating with climate change, that may impact our technology, as in major power blackouts.

  7. Science and technique in the anti-science fiction of C. S. *Lewis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campo Ricardo Burgos López

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the image of Western science and technology (and by extension of civilization in which they are prominent, that put CS Lewis’s Cosmic Trilogy (classic of fantasy literature and religion of the twentieth century. In the scientific-technical culture now prevailing in these three novels, Lewis proposes a civilization rooted in Christianity. Faced with a scientific-technical culture to promote the dehumanization just the discrimination of humans and nonhumans, new forms of alienation and, ultimately, opposed to wisdom, Lewis bet the alternative of a return to Christ. Such a return to Christ is also the return to wisdom, and thus opting for a path leading to full humanization.

  8. Preachers Who are Not Believers

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    Daniel C. Dennett

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available There are systemic features of contemporary Christianity that create an almost invisible class of non-believing clergy, ensnared in their ministries by a web of obligations, constraints, comforts, and community. Exemplars from five Protestant denominations, Southern Baptist, United Church of Christ, Presbyterian, Methodist and Church of Christ, were found and confidentially interviewed at length about their lives, religious education and indoctrination, aspirations, problems and ways of coping. The in-depth, qualitative interviews formed the basis for profiles of all five, together with general observations about their predicaments and how they got into them. The authors anticipate that the discussion generated on the Web (at On Faith, the Newsweek/Washington Post website on religion, http://newsweek.washingtonpost.com/onfaith//2010/03/disbelief_in_the_pulpit/all.html and on other websites will facilitate a larger study that will enable the insights of this pilot study to be clarified, modified, and expanded.

  9. Preachers who are not believers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dennett, Daniel C; Lascola, Linda

    2010-03-27

    There are systemic features of contemporary Christianity that create an almost invisible class of non-believing clergy, ensnared in their ministries by a web of obligations, constraints, comforts, and community. Exemplars from five Protestant denominations, Southern Baptist, United Church of Christ, Presbyterian, Methodist and Church of Christ, were found and confidentially interviewed at length about their lives, religious education and indoctrination, aspirations, problems and ways of coping. The in-depth, qualitative interviews formed the basis for profiles of all five, together with general observations about their predicaments and how they got into them. The authors anticipate that the discussion generated on the Web (at On Faith, the Newsweek/Washington Post website on religion, http://newsweek.washingtonpost.com/onfaith//2010/03/disbelief_in_the_pulpit/all.html) and on other websites will facilitate a larger study that will enable the insights of this pilot study to be clarified, modified, and expanded.

  10. Die sosiaal-wetenskaplike begrip change agent toegepas op die Efesiërbrief: ’n toepassing tot kerklike welwese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barry J. van Wyk

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This article gives a short reflection on the background and origin of the social-scientific model change agent in relation to change agency, a relationship that causes an alternate state of consciousness for the change agent. Arguing from the seven-point explanation of Malina and Pilch of how a change agent operates, this article applies the model to the letter to the Ephesians. The conclusion is that this social-scientific model is helpful for the recent church to realise how narrow the relation is between Jesus Christ and the church, in view of the future of the church as a future in Christ. A choice is made to find alternate words in the Afrikaans language suitable for the theological debate, namely  opdraggewer [change agency],  meningsvormer [change agent] and alternatiewe staat van bewussyn [alternate state of consciousness].

  11. Inviting and Hosting a Stranger in the Experiences of the Faith Communities: An Experiment in Constructing an Ethical-Poetical Christology

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    Daniel P. Veldsman

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available The numerous 'faces of Christ' in Africa, as well as those resulting from historical study in the West, call for a rereading of the event of Jesus. From the inquiry into the origin of the numerous faces, and the biblical evidence for the 'process and purpose of naming God' which are textually introduced by Exodus 3 and again taken up by the 'ego eimi' sayings of Jesus, it is suggested that the event of rereading is to be seen as an integral-incarnatory socio-historic dynamic. This dynamic is theologically understood and construed in an ethical-poetical Christology which will function within comtemporary contexts as an invitation of Christ into the experiences of the faith communities.

  12. Die verband tussen doop en lidmaatskap van die kerk

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    W. A. Dreyer

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between baptism and membership of the church. This aricle examines the relaionship between bapism and membership of the church. The author's main thesis is that baptism signifies the unity with Christ, and as such unity with the body of Christ (the church. Research has shown that baptism exists in different religions, cults and sects as an initiation rite. This forms the background to the New Testament,s presentation of baptism as (inter alia an initiation rite. This article examines not only these baptism rites, but also the different metaphors in the New Testament concerned with baptism as initiation. The history of baptism in the church and the way bapism functions in the Reformed tradition, in terms of church polity and membership of the church, are also examined.

  13. Die verhouding tussen Christologie en etiek in Kolossense � praxis vir die postmoderne gelowige en kerk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes P. Pienaar

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between Christology and ethics in Colossians praxis for the postmodern believer and church In Colossians, there is a close relationship between Christology and ethics. This relationship provides answers to the many questions that face the postmodern believer and the church in the current secular world. Believers constantly battle to apply their faith in a practical way. The reason for this is that believers do not have a reference point from which to apply their faith in practice. The relationship between Christology and ethics in the letter to the Colossians presents such a reference point, namely the believer�s identity in Jesus Christ. This identity in Christ, and not nomalism, should determine all ethical decisions of the believer.

  14. “HANGING CARCASS” IMAGE IN NORTHERN EUROPEAN PAINTING

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    Semih OZKAN

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Hanging Carcass” or “Slayed Ox” is a symbolic image which appears especially in Northern European Painting. In an iconographic examination of the image, many of whose examples appear in Old Testament and Hebrew Myths, it is understood that its roots date back to earlier times.. In Christian Art the same theme continues and this animal sacrifice image transforms to visual symbol of Jesus Christ, who sacrificed himself as an atonement for the sins of mankind. Since shape of the execution of Jesus Christ is Crucifiction, it’s been observed that, in time, a symbolic visual identity has developed between Cross and Hanging Carcass of Slayed Ox. While hanging carcass was just a component of visual composition in the examples of Christian religious paintings until 16th century, the image has become the essential theme of some paintings since the 17th century. This paper examines various visual expressions of this symbolic religious image in art throughout history.

  15. THE TRADITION OF MAY DEVOTIONS TO THE VIRGIN MARY IN LATGALE (LATVIA: FROM THE PAST TO THE PRESENT

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    AIGARS LIELBĀRDIS

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available An important role has been allocated to the Virgin Mary since the very beginnings of Christianity. According to the calendar of the Roman Catholic Church, May is dedicated to honouring the Virgin Mary. Due to her human origins, she has become an intermediary between people and God, capable of influencing the decisions of her son Jesus Christ, and providing assistance to people of her own accord. Together with God and Jesus Christ, she is considered to have extraordinary, saintly qualities in Latvian Catholic communities. At the beginning of the 19th century, the tradition of May devotions began to spread widely in Catholic territories in Latvia. Currently the services are usually performed by womenfolk in the rural environment. Every evening or on weekends in May, people gather to pray and sing in churches, cemeteries, at crossroads, or in the centre or the edge of villages where crucifixes are located

  16. Conversio Ad Docelitam: Calvyn oor bekering en Christenwees

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    Wim A. Dreyer

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Conversio ad docelitam: John Calvin on conversion and being a Christian. This contribution describes John Calvin’s understanding of what it means to be a Christian. When Calvin ‘converted’ to the Reformation in the early 1530s, the term ‘Protestant’ did not exist. There was no systematic body of doctrine or a confession you could put your signature under. So Calvin became a ‘lover of Christ’. The unity with Christ was a central part of his theology but also his personal spirituality. Calvin also understood his own conversion as a ‘conversio subita ad docelitam’, a conversion to a ‘teachable frame of mind’. Calvin’s love for Christ, his love for the Word of God and a teachable frame of mind not only defined his theology, but also his piety and spirituality.

  17. The epileptic seizure and the mystery of death in Christian painting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Michael W

    2010-02-01

    The epileptic seizure is in many cultures associated with death. Indo-European tradition perceives death not necessarily as the end but as a step, as a point the life cycle is passing through. The epileptic seizure may be seen as a transient form of death, which offers some symmetry with the biblical story of the death and resurrection of Christ. This article, originating from a case report, shows how some Christian painting alludes to renaissance after a seizure and to the parallelism between the patient with epilepsy and the destiny of Christ. Special attention is paid to Raphael's, in this respect particularly complex work, The Transfiguration. (c) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Kerkbegrip van Balthasar Hubmaier

    OpenAIRE

    E T Endres

    2004-01-01

    Balthasar Hubmaier strives to restore the Urgemeinde as originally recorded in the book of Acts. He founded� a congregation which consisted only of believers. The sacrament of baptism is exclusively intended for� believers, as a confirmation of their belief in Jesus Christ. Believers are allowed to partake of Holy Communion as a supper/sacrament� symbolizing� remembrance and love. Hubmaier also introduced disciplinary measures to maintain� Christian standards. Hubmaier moved through various p...

  19. Confident spiritual care in a postmodern world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salladay, Susan A

    2011-01-01

    Aostmodern thinking that embraces tolerance and suggests there is no absolute truth may make Christian nurses feel uncertain or uncomfortable in giving spiritual care, especially care consistent wtih their beliefs. Christian nurses can be guided by the example of Jesus Christ and the Apostles Peter and Paul in the bible, being sensitive to postmodern perceptions without being intimidated by them and feeling neither obliated to share their faith, nor afraid to do so if a patient asks and gives consent.

  20. Health, Healing, and Well-Being According to the New Testament.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rush Ryan, A; Aboul-Enein, Basil H

    2016-01-01

    The New Testament is regarded as the authoritative spiritual guidance for all practicing Christians. The relationship between religion and health continues to exert a significant role in an individual's, health, behavior, and lifestyle. This study aims at establishing a link between the Scriptural and early theological tradition of the body, from Jesus Christ to the early church, with an eye toward identifying themes that can help promote health and well-being among Christian communities today.

  1. The Call to Excellence--No Room for Complacency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosher, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    The call of the nurse is to promote, protect, and support health in all areas of life. Christian nurses are further called to imitate Jesus Christ. Yet, complacency is a common attitude among nurses. With new national standards of collecting and publicly reporting patient perceptions of care, positive nursing attitudes and excellent care are imperative to successful outcomes. What does it mean to seek professional excellence?

  2. Effective Listening: Five Lessons from the Best.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Kittie W

    For many nurses, especially when workloads are high, it can be difficult to listen carefully to patients. Federally mandated Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) surveys that help determine insurance reimbursement are asking patients how carefully their nurses listened. For Christian nurses, effective listening demonstrates the compassion, understanding, and care modeled by Jesus. An exploration of Jesus' responses reveals five ways Christ effectively listened to people that can guide nurses.

  3. A new culture of leadership: service over self.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Kamalini

    2010-01-01

    Servant Leadership, a 30-year-old leadership and management concept, is slowly gaining popularity, especially in faith-based healthcare institutions. However, although theory is present, actually putting the concepts into everyday practice lags far behind. This article discusses how a person's worldview influences leadership; specific servant leader characteristics adapted from a biblical worldview; the need for emotional intelligence; and Jesus Christ as the ideal Servant Leader. The author includes a Workplace Questionnaire on Servant Leadership Qualities.

  4. Professing faith, professing medicine: Physicians and the call to evangelize.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bochanski, Philip G

    2014-02-01

    THE HIPPOCRATIC OATH TRADITIONALLY ESTABLISHES MEDICINE AS A PROFESSION: A career, or vocation based on the professing of an oath regarding personal and public behavior. For Catholic physicians, the commitments of the Oath of Hippocrates take on new meaning when seen in light of the promises made at Baptism and renewed every Easter. This paper, originally an address to medical students, considers the role of Catholic physicians as evangelizers, those who spread the message and values of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

  5. Latter-day Saint Religiosity and Attitudes towards Sexual Minorities

    OpenAIRE

    Myler, Cory John

    2010-01-01

    Existing research has revealed a robust relationship between high religiosity and negative attitudes towards sexual minorities. To date, however, there have been few studies investigating this relationship within the membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS Church). The unique history, doctrine, and organization of this religion, along with its large size, rapid growth, and sizable influence, indicate that a study of homophobia among church members will provide a...

  6. Die riglyn vir Christen etiek: Galasiërs 6:2 onder die loep

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacobus de Koning

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The guideline for Christian ethics: Galatians 6:2 under scrutiny. In this article, the following question is addressed: What is the guideline for Christian ethics under the New Testament dispensation? The article reasons that the Torah can no longer be the guideline for Christian ethics. Galatians 6:2 is scrutinised as the focal point for this reflection. This is done with reference to the Jesus tradition in Paul, the rabbinic tradition and Matthew 5, as well as the use of Galatians 6:11–18 as hermeneutical key to the understanding of Galatians. It is clearly shown that Galatians 6:2 teaches that Christ the crucified now replaces the entire Torah. Therefore it is not surprising that Paul applies the term ‘Israel of God’ (τὸν Ἰσραὴλ τοῦ θεοῦ; Gal 6:16 to the community of those who are in Christ and wherein the Torah finds its fulfilment. This insight from Galatians 6 is then used as the point of departure for remarks about ethics and ethical preaching which should characterise ‘being church’ for reformed Christians in general and specifically in South Africa. In this article ethics under the Old Testament dispensation is explored as well as the difference that came into force under the New Testament dispensation. For the church in South Africa who finds herself in a society plagued by racial hatred, xenophobia and suspicion, living the law of Christ is non-negotiable if one wants to see healing in this country. Accordingly, an adjustment in the liturgy of some mainstream churches in South Africa is a given when the law of Christ becomes the guideline for the Christian’s ethical behaviour.

  7. John Dee and the Seven in Lancashire: Possession, Exorcism, and Apocalyse in Elizabethan Engand

    OpenAIRE

    Bowd, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    STEPHEN BOWD, 'John Dee and the Seven in Lancashire: Possession, Exorcism, and Apocalypse in Elizabethan England'. In 1596 John Dee, warden of Christ's College of Manchester, was approached by Nicholas Starkey of Cleworth Hall for advice about some members of his household who had been possessed by the devil for almost two years. Dee's involvement with the exorcism of the 'Seven of Lancashire', as they were known, was closer than has been previously thought and it is reconstructed in this art...

  8. ECONOMIC TOURS IN ISRAEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrică ȘTEFAN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is the economic promotion of tourism circuit between Romania (Bucharest and Israel (Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, unique and blessed area in the world because here was born the Lord Jesus Christ and also our religion: Christianity. It wants also presenting significant sights in Israel which, financially, would be visited at very competitive rates for Romanian tourists, making, in this way, important discounts.

  9. The Sanctity of human life. A perspective from New Testament anthropology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H C. van Zyl

    1993-08-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with sanctity of life issues such as abortion, euthanasia, treatment of the disabled, war, and capital punishment. These matters are not treated individually but collectively from the perspective of New Testament anthropology. Having taken care of a few methodological considerations, the main focus falls on a discussion of man as sinner, man in Christ, and the category of the least.

  10. HTS 63_4_ VANZYL FJ v Z _PvdM

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    This article focuses on Karl Barth's view of the human being as sinner. ... suffering and vicarious death of Jesus Christ on the cross in the ..... the yoke is easy to bear and the burden is light (Mt 11:30). This is not too much to ask. Here God's demand is permeated with the character of concession, nothing out of the ordinary is ...

  11. The gestalt of emptiness/receptivity: Christian spirituality and psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gau, J V

    2000-01-01

    Focuses on Christian Spirituality and Object Relations theory as one among many possible integrations of a religious tradition and a theory of psychotherapy. Develops an epistemology of gestalt as a method for understanding the Christian myth. Specifies emptiness/receptivity as an inclusive gestalt-first, of the divinity (following Philippians 2:6-11), then of humanity (integrating Object Relations with Paul's great hymn). Amplifies the Christ gestalt in the practice of pastoral psychotherapy.

  12. Dating the Crucifixion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphreys, Colin J.; Waddington, W. G.

    1983-12-01

    The date of the Crucifixion has been debated for many years, but there has been no agreement on the year nor the day. Astronomical calculations have now been used to reconstruct the Jewish calendar in the first century AD and to date a lunar eclipse that biblical and other references suggest followed the Crucifixion. The evidence points to Friday 3 April AD 33 as the date when Jesus Christ died.

  13. The Church in the Thought of Charles Taze Russell

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-07-01

    and putting into force of the New Covenant was completed by the fiftieth day following the crucifixion oIf Jesus . Thus, the death of Christ, by meeting...heirs with Jesus in what Russell called the "New Creation." In a sense, there was a heavenly organization that had continued since apostolic times...specifically with reference to Jesus and his saving work. 5 3penton, Apocalypse Delayed, pp. 35ff. 34 The doctrine of the New Covenant specifically

  14. freedom in the sense of the heidelberg catechism – an orientation in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This expression draws on the custom in the times of the Old. Testament whereby a priest or a king was called Christ in the course of his duties, and a prophet poured oil over his head. Article 31 refers to Hebrews. 1:9, which states that Jesus became “anointed” with the Holy Spirit by God the Father, “with the oil of gladness”, ...

  15. Some remarks on theological thought of María Zambrano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana Sánchez-Gey Venegas

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Maria Zambrano reflects upon some of the problems she has been always interested in: Christianity and Mysticism with especial emphasis on the divine processions, the Incarnation of Christ, the Virgin Mary, the liturgy among other personal experiences. In these letters the pursuit for the Holy Spirit as the foundation of knowledge is remarkably noticeable, so that it could be argued that this experience contributes and gives rise to the rejection both of rationalism and of materialism of the philosophy.

  16. ’n Voorgestelde matriks vir die pastorale berading van die verwonde geloofsvervreemde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wentzel C. Coetzer

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Hierdie artikel fokus op die rol van pastorale berading aan die emosioneel-verwonde en geloofsvervreemde persoon deur middel van die redding in Christus. Die rol van God Drie-enig en die sentrale posisie van die Skrif word ondersoek. Verder word aspekte wat ’n Skrifgefundeerde mensbeeld onderlê, gekonstrueer. Die verband tussen emosionele trauma en geloofsvervreemding, asook die aspek van reg en geregtigheid, word hierna ondersoek. Die belangrikheid van die heil in Christus in die geestelike genesingsproses word ook bespreek. Ter afsluiting word ’n pastoraal-terapeutiese matriks voorgestel vir ingrype in die huidige lewenskrisis en die bestaande geloofsvervreemding met inagneming van die traumageskiedenis. Praktiese riglyne word verder verskaf as hulpmiddel vir begeleiding in die ondersteuningsproses. A proposed matrix regarding the pastoral counselling of the wounded faith-estranged. This article focuses on the role of the pastoral counselling of the emotionally wounded and faith-estranged person through the mediation of the salvation in Christ. The role of the Triune God and the central position of Scripture in mediating the salvation in Christ are also examined and the Scriptural view of man is constructed. The role of emotional trauma in the estrangement from God as well as the importance of justice and retribution are examined as it relates to the spiritual and emotional healing of the wounded faith-estranged. The article also discusses the prominence of the salvation in Christ in the spiritual healing process. In conclusion, a pastoral-therapeutic matrix of intervention is proposed to help in addressing the present life crisis and current faith-estrangement within the context of the trauma history, with a view to find healing from the woundedness and the faith-estrangement through salvation in Christ. Practical guidelines are offered to guide this supporting process.

  17. A framework for crafting and implementing a congregational strategy in the local congregations of the Reformed Churches of South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Aldeon B. Grobler; J. Louw van der Walt; Barend J. de Klerk

    2012-01-01

    The church is not like any other institution or organisation in society. Although the church is primarily invisible and spiritual, it is a visible organisation in the world, and it spans across borders of nations, languages and countries. John Calvin strongly rejected the notion that the church is only a spiritual organisation of which the visible administrative side is downplayed. The fellowship of the church must not only be seen as a mystical relation with Jesus Christ. During 2010, an emp...

  18. A framework for crafting and implementing a congregational strategy in the local congregations of the reformed churches of South Africa / by A.B. Grobler

    OpenAIRE

    Grobler, Aldeon Barend

    2010-01-01

    The church is not like any other institution or organisation in society. Although the church is primarily invisible and spiritual, it is a visible organisation in the world, and it spans across borders of nations, languages and countries. John Calvin strongly rejected the notion that the church is only a spiritual organisation of which the visible administrative side is downplayed. The fellowship of the church must not only be seen as a mystical relation with Jesus Christ. At t...

  19. "THE ETERNAL GOSPEL" IN THE ARTISTIC CHRONOTOPES OF RUSSIAN LITERATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zakharov V. N.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The present article studies the status of chronotope as a new category of historical poetics (M. Bakhtin. The author sets up the problems of the analysis of imaginative space and time in the works of Russian classical writers. The Christian symbolism in Dostoevsky's and Turgenev's novels is unfolded; the occurrence of the Gospel and the phenomenon of Christ in Russian literature are emphasized.

  20. "Freud" and Bullitt: an unknown manuscript.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solms, Mark

    2006-01-01

    An English translation of a previously unknown manuscript by Freud is presented. The manuscript, originally prepared in 1931 for William Bullitt's psychobiography of Woodrow Wilson, provides a general theoretical introduction to psychoanalysis. It also includes an original interpretation of Christianity that postulates a deep-going continuity between Christ identification and latent homosexuality. An editorial introduction to the translation clarifies the nature and limits of Freud's involvement with Bullitt's controversial psychobiography.

  1. RECURRENT CONVULSIONS IN CAPE TOWN CHILDREN*

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1970-11-03

    Nov 3, 1970 ... A layman who is present when a child has a convulsion is usually considerably distressed by the experience-the more so if the child is his own. Something of this anguish is reflected in the New Eng!ish Bible account of a father's petition to Christ: 'Have pity, Sir, on my son: he is an epileptic and has bad fits.

  2. The expression knfhjn....m `!cnknm f`....k` as the key to 1 Peter 2:1-3

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    INTRODUCTION. In this paper it will be argued that the author's reference to the knfhjn.m `!cnknm f`.k ` is not about the word of God as is suggested by many modern scholars. (cf Achtemeier 1996:146-147; Boring 1999:92), but rather the whole doctrine of Christ resulting in a new way of life (cf Jobes 2005:141). This will be ...

  3. Resource Reviews Bronmater i a a I bespreki ng s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Published by The Wildlife Society, Western Cape. Branch, Tokai 1987. 44pp. 115 colour plates, 12 black-and-white plates. R9,95 excl. GST. Did you know that a giant carnivorous bear, ancestor of the modern-day Panda, lived in the vicinity of. Table 14ountain about five mill ion years ago? Or that by the time of Christ, the ...

  4. Growth Response of Silver Fir and Bosnian Pine from Kosovo

    OpenAIRE

    Elvin Toromani; Faruk Bojaxhi

    2010-01-01

    Background and Purpose: This paper explore the growth-climate relationships in total ring width chronologies of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) and Bosnian pine (Pinus heldreichii Christ). The objective of this study is to quantify the climate influence on radial growth of both species. The relationships between climate and ring widths were analyzed using extreme growing years (called pointer years), simple correlations and response functions analysis (bootstrapped coefficients). The objectives...

  5. More than a “Subspecies of American Literature”: Obstacles toward a Transnational Mormon Novel

    OpenAIRE

    Hales, Scott

    2015-01-01

    Since the mid-twentieth century, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) has become an increasingly international organization with more than half of its members currently living outside US borders. Still, because of its US origins, strongly centralized Salt Lake City headquarters, and doctrinal traditions that privilege the United States as a Promised Land, Mormonism remains an American church in the eyes of much of the world. This essay explores Mormonism’s struggle to int...

  6. Σφραγις (sfragís) and its metaphorical testimonial presence in 2 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    These two vocables are in opposition to άδικία [to apostate from]. The message expressed in 2:19 exemplifies the principles that Christ lived by and he empowered his followers to stand by. Σφραγις in 2 Timothy 2:19 is an imitatio Christi response against the άδικία of moral standards and entertainment in the ancient Roman ...

  7. The Killing of Anwar al Awlaki: How the United States Lost a Crucial Battle in the War of Ideas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    and CD-based library. Up to this time, he primarily focused on theological topics related to marriage , heaven, Jesus Christ, tolerance, and Muslim...Chesser and Paul Rockwood: Latest US Citizens Linked to Al-Awlaki,” Christian Science Monitor, 22 July 2010. 29 Schmidt, “Imam From Virginia Mosque...9200720. Richey, Warren, “Zachary Chesser and Paul Rockwood: Latest US Citizens Linked to Al-Awlaki.” Christian Science Monitor, 22 July 2010

  8. Tableaux et modèles: «vive la sintayse»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian GERMANAZ

    1994-09-01

    Full Text Available L’image géographique et la peinture présentent beaucoup de similitudes. Il est possible d’analyser l’image picturale sous l’angle de la modélisation. Par l’intermédiaire de la chorématique une équivalence dans le langage plastique et pictural a été trouvée Le Christ jaune de Gauguin permet de tester cette transposition.

  9. The Implementation of Incarnational Mission Among The Bugis Using Cultural Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armin Sukri Kanna

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Culture as a medium to develop the cultural and ethnic identity of the Bugis wasmostly denied at the early encounter of Christianity with the indigenous people inSouth Sulawesi. The people who were baptized had been given a new identity to identifytheir Christianity. But on the other hand, it brought them out from their own culturalidentity that had shaped them. In several areas, Western elements influenced them verystrongly, like the dress code, name, and some customary practices in society.The history of Christian mission covers a long period and cannot be separatedfrom the situation that prevailed in it, which can be analyzed through observing thepractices, habits, and concerns of a representative sample of Christians. The diversityand coherence that appeared in every century from the first to the twenty-first of thehistory of Christianity should not be an obstacle in interaction between Christianityand the context. But it will be a media for observing and evaluating the totality ofChristian mission in communicating the Gospel. During this process one can see howthe gospel [Christ] is translated into the local forms and has been absorbed by thebelievers as well as transforming and discipline the believers themselves.The Bugis Christians, in relation with these cultural-religious forms, will beable to bear witness to Christ and present him in the midst of religions and cultures.Thus, Christ can be revealed in every religion and culture as the only Savior – usingthe form and the meaning – but he is not the monopoly of Christians. This emphasizesthe uniqueness and universality of Jesus Christ that God sent his only son to redeemand save human beings who believe in him from all religions and cultures (cf. John 3:16.

  10. JPRS Report, Near East & South Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-08-28

    control of the game. These diplomats add that Wash - ington has told Damascus and Baghdad very clearly that it absolutely opposes transforming the...of mango, citrus, fig, Christ’s- thorn. grape, pomegranate, and guava . as well as date palm suckers. JPRS-NEA-89-057 28 August 1989 SOUTH ASIA 65...U.S. Government Printing Office, Wash - ington, D.C. 20402. The public may subscribe to either hardcover or microfiche versions of the DAILY REPORTS

  11. Confronting the Terrorism of Boko Haram in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    people outside St Patrick’s Catholic Church; David Usman, pastor of the Church of Christ in Nigeria, was shot dead by gunmen on motorcycles; and...police station, two at Dandal police station while the seventh bomb exploded near St. Patrick’s ( Catholic ) church. A spokesman for Boko Haram also...October 1, 2011: Attackers used explosives and gunfire to target an – army patrol near a wedding in Maiduguri, killing three civilians.379 October 3

  12. Lost in Translation? Pussy Riot Solidary Activism and the danger of perpetuating North/Western Hegemonies

    OpenAIRE

    Katharina Wiedlack; Nasha Neufeld

    2014-01-01

    This article critically discusses solidarity actions in support of Pussy Riot within the global North/West, arguing that most solidarity projects within popular culture as well as within the queer-feminist counterculture are based on a lopsided interpretation of Pussy Riot as Russian version of Riot Grrrl feminists. This one-dimensional interpretation of the performance art group as Riot Grrrl-identities further leads to labelling their performance at the Christ the Saviour Cathedral as anti-...

  13. Armed Intervention in Terrorist Hostage Situations: A Comparative Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    Organizations (Coordination do Organizacions Revolucionarias Unidas -CORU) Croatian Freedom Fighters (CFF) DoBois Club George Jackson Brigade Jewish Debn e Leagu...Spanish National Action (Accion Nacional Espanol-ANE) Warriors of Christ the King (Guarrilleros de Cristo Rey) UNITED KINGOM/IRELPND Angry Brigade Anti...Unit (AJ) Armed Forces of National Liberation (Fuerzas Armadas de Liberacion Nacional (FALN) Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia (AALA

  14. Enemies within: Christian Extremism, a Threat to the Homeland

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    philosophies . The CIM widely promotes white supremacist beliefs and anti-Semitic sentiments.40 They firmly believe they are the descendants of the ten...take center stage, in the absence of other divisive philosophies . To understand the complex issue of Christian extremism, it is important to analyze...described “The Silent Scream” film . She found the AOG list, which hailed executioners as Prisoners of Christ, and provided their addresses to spur

  15. Vision-Aided Autonomous Precision Weapon Terminal Guidance Using a Tightly-Coupled INS and Predictive Rendering Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    even better. Finally, I thank Christ for giving my life purpose, allowing me to pursue what He has given me passion for, and providing me with far more...latitudes, or even extraterrestrial operations beyond the current GPS constellation. Nonavailability may also be caused by unintentional sources such as...organic life , as has been shown with robots that perform tasks from automobile manufacturing to playing chess, more cognitive tasks pose an extremely

  16. Hou Christus die Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika in stand?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Ungerer

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Does Christ sustain the Netherdutch Reformed Church of Africa? The Netherdutch Reformed Church of Africa (NRCA that is situated in South-Africa is currently experiencing a serious decline in numbers. The question arises whether Christ will sustain the NRCA in the words of the Afrikaans Hymn 477 in the ‘Liedboek van die Kerk’ (Hymnbook of the Church: ‘Christ will maintain his church …’ Is it a matter of faith, or even more – a matter of obedience? The membership of the NRCA mainly consists of white Afrikaans-speaking people. Apart from the situation in the NRCA there is also a serious decline in the number of white people in South Africa. It raises the question about the sustainability of the NRCA if it continues to maintain a membership of predominately white Afrikaans-speaking people. The NRCA is very much institutionalised with a history that lacks missional intention and involvement in the community. This study investigates the possibility for a more applicable missional curriculum in the training of theology students to counter the lack of missional involvement. It also investigates new ways to reach the unchurched society with a missional approach. The Fresh Expression Movement that originated in the UK provides a new paradigm for the NRCA that will hopefully lead to a new way of thinking and doing. Will Christ sustain the NRCA? The answer lies in the willingness of the NRCA to show a missional heart for all the people of Africa, especially those in Southern Africa. Keywords: Missional; missional curriculum; missional ecclesiology; institutionalism; toxic organization; spiritual; church planting; fringes; Fresh Expressions

  17. Theological issues in the renewed Ordo consrcrationis virginum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelajda Sielepin

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available The new Ordo consecrationis virginum underlines the very ancient and evangelical motif of consecration, which draws us back to baptismal consecration, opening the way to the eschatological feast of the Lamb, which can be anticipated now by total devotion to Christ. The prayer of consecration and partly the homily convey the main theological idea of sponsal and spiritually furtile love, perfectly exemplified in the person of Holy Mary, Mother of God.

  18. Teología del Cuerpo Místico, antropología y moral social en san Alberto Hurtado: La influencia de Columba Marmión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristián Hodge

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available : La teología del Cuerpo Místico de Cristo ocupó un lugar central en el pensamiento de san Alberto Hurtado. En las distintas etapas de su vida desarrolló una antropología a partir del Cuerpo Místico: el hombre está llamado a ser hijo de Dios, basta ser hombre para poder pertenecer al Cuerpo Místico, Cristo está presente en los pobres y la unidad de todos los hombres en Cristo. Este estudio muestra la influencia de Columba Marmión en nuestro autor. Esta antropología teológica es el fundamento de su moral social: la dignidad de la persona humana está fundamentada en la encarnación del Verbo. La opción por los pobres y la solidaridad social son parte de la ética social que el padre Hurtado ha fundamento con su teología del Cuerpo Místico de Cristo.The theology of the Christ Mystical Body has occupied a principal place in St. Alberto Hurtado's thought. He developed an anthropology from the Mystical Body in the different moments of his life: the man is called to be a children of God, that is enough to be a man to be able to belong at de Mystical Body, that Christ is present in the poors, and the unity of all men in Christ. This investigation shows the influence of Columba Marmión in our author. The theological anthropology is the foundation of his social morality: the dignity of human person is based in the incarnation of the Word. The option for the poors and social solidarity are part of the social ethics that padre Hurtado has based with his theology of the Christ Mystical Body.

  19. Spirituality and Virtue in Christian Formation: A Conversation between Thomistic and Ignatian Traditions

    OpenAIRE

    Austin, Nicholas

    2016-01-01

    This paper reflects on Christian formation, the growth of the disciple into the image of Christ, from two traditions, the Thomistic and Ignatian. The Thomistic tradition offers a rich theological theory of virtue, but seems to require a more convincing narrative of how ‘infused’ virtue develops in the Christian life. The Ignatian tradition offers a more experiential spirituality, but today needs to explain how spiritual experience can be lived out. It is argued that the two traditions can be ...

  20. Estonia ballett üle seitsme aasta taas Pärnus / Silja Joon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joon, Silja, 1966-

    2010-01-01

    Rahvusooperi Estonia balleti kunstiline juht Toomas Edur Estonia balletitrupist ja 20. veebruaril toimuvast kolmest lühiballetist koosnevast balletiõhtust Pärnu kontserdimajas. Esitatakse Bohuslav Martinu "Enne öö saabumist" (koreograaf Nils Christe), Arnold Schönbergi "Pelléas ja Mélisande" (koreograaf Tiit Härm), Robert Schumanni "Teine sümfoonia" (koreograaf Uwe Scholz)