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Sample records for playoff tickets based

  1. Predicting the Outcome of NBA Playoffs Based on the Maximum Entropy Principle

    OpenAIRE

    Ge Cheng; Zhenyu Zhang; Moses Ntanda Kyebambe; Nasser Kimbugwe

    2016-01-01

    Predicting the outcome of National Basketball Association (NBA) matches poses a challenging problem of interest to the research community as well as the general public. In this article, we formalize the problem of predicting NBA game results as a classification problem and apply the principle of Maximum Entropy to construct an NBA Maximum Entropy (NBAME) model that fits to discrete statistics for NBA games, and then predict the outcomes of NBA playoffs using the model. Our results reveal that...

  2. Predicting the Outcome of NBA Playoffs Based on the Maximum Entropy Principle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ge Cheng

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Predicting the outcome of National Basketball Association (NBA matches poses a challenging problem of interest to the research community as well as the general public. In this article, we formalize the problem of predicting NBA game results as a classification problem and apply the principle of Maximum Entropy to construct an NBA Maximum Entropy (NBAME model that fits to discrete statistics for NBA games, and then predict the outcomes of NBA playoffs using the model. Our results reveal that the model is able to predict the winning team with 74.4% accuracy, outperforming other classical machine learning algorithms that could only afford a maximum prediction accuracy of 70.6% in the experiments that we performed.

  3. Scaffolded filmmaking in PlayOFF

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Philipsen, Heidi

    2012-01-01

    described. But when it comes to the process of creating films we find almost no scientifically based research or qualifying designs for stimulating creativity. While other media researchers focus on successful films, I find it crucial to study the idea-making, team work and other conditions behind...... and Romania - competed. This kind of contest is, in my point of view, valuable to research in order to know more of how motivation, flow and creative ways of thinking can be initiated through filmmaking. Creative competences, environments, educations, classes etc. is in constant demand. Despite of that, only...... the productions. This article is based on an empirical study of film processes in PlayOFF 2010 and -11, and I will point out how these findings could be used in developing creativity. Based on my empirical studies I will suggest a learning design for scaffolded filmmaking and propose some ideas of how to transfer...

  4. Scaffolded filmmaking in PlayOFF

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Philipsen, Heidi

    2012-01-01

    and Romania - competed. This kind of contest is, in my point of view, valuable to research in order to know more of how motivation, flow and creative ways of thinking can be initiated through filmmaking. Creative competences, environments, educations, classes etc. is in constant demand. Despite of that, only...... described. But when it comes to the process of creating films we find almost no scientifically based research or qualifying designs for stimulating creativity. While other media researchers focus on successful films, I find it crucial to study the idea-making, team work and other conditions behind...... the productions. This article is based on an empirical study of film processes in PlayOFF 2010 and -11, and I will point out how these findings could be used in developing creativity. Based on my empirical studies I will suggest a learning design for scaffolded filmmaking and propose some ideas of how to transfer...

  5. A Preliminary Study of Internet Based Ticketing System Impacts on Selected Travel Agencies in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed Saleh Khuja; Abdul Manaf Bohari

    2012-01-01

    The impact of the Internet based ticketing systems has made information easily accessible to consumers and has therefore established a direct link between consumers and suppliers. This study focuses on the impact of the Internet based ticketing systems on the travel agency in Langkawi, Malaysia. The major method was included in-depth interviews with travel agents to explore and refine the major issues that faced by the industry. Interviews with consumers were also carried out to ascertain the...

  6. Rfid-Based Automatic Bus Ticketing: Features and Trends

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oudah, A.

    2016-02-01

    Recent advancements in various technologies have made remarkable developments in various fields for public welfare and public transport is one such area. In the near future public bus transport system with advanced technologies like Radio Frequency Identification Device (RFID), GSM, GPS, ZigBee and RF modules will gain spotlight due to their advantage of higher convenience and greater life standards as compared to the conventional bus systems. In this paper, a comprehensive review of all several proposed bus ticketing and bus information methods has been presented in detail. The study brings out improved solution in terms of cost, convenience, user satisfaction and future implementation. The choice of working modules and their efficient performance has been discussed along with the highlighted importance of the need of technology for welfare of common public and visually impaired.

  7. Ticket Fare Optimization for China’s High-Speed Railway Based on Passenger Choice Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinzi Zheng

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Although China’s high-speed railway (HSR is maturing after more than ten years of construction and development, the load factor and revenue of HSR could still be improved by optimizing the ticket fare structure. Different from the present unitary and changeless fare structure, this paper explores the application of multigrade fares to China’s HSR. On the premise that only one fare grade can be offered for each origin-destination (O-D at the same time, this paper addresses the questions of how to adjust ticket price over time to maximize the revenue. First, on the basis of piecewise pricing strategy, a ticket fare optimization model is built, which could be transformed to convex program to be solved. Then, based on the analysis of passenger arrival regularity using historical ticket data of Beijing-Shanghai HSR line, several experiments are performed using the method proposed in the paper to explore the properties of the optimal multigrade fare scheme.

  8. EPA Applauds College Football Playoff National ChampionshipGreen Endeavors

    Science.gov (United States)

    DALLAS - (Jan. 12, 2015) The first College Football Playoff (CFP) National Championship is leading the way in environmental stewardship by incorporating sustainability as a key part of its operations. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is reco

  9. Exit Tickets Open the Door to University Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danley, Angela; McCoy, Ann; Weed, Rahila

    2006-01-01

    Four instructors from a mid-western university implemented exit tickets in their university courses. The exit tickets were based on Marzano's (2012) four types of exit tickets and were analyzed for patterns. Faculty completed a journal to reflect on what was learned examining the exit tickets. A survey was completed by both instructors and…

  10. Exit Tickets Open the Door to University Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Danley, EdD

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Four instructors from a mid-western university implemented exit tickets in their university courses. The exit tickets were based on Marzano’s (2012 four types of exit tickets and were analyzed for patterns. Faculty completed a journal to reflect on what was learned examining the exit tickets. A survey was completed by both instructors and university students to determine the benefits of the use of exit tickets as a formative assessment at the university. Researchers share the processes used for implementing exit tickets and the results of the data collected along with implications for the use of exit tickets at the university.

  11. 基于人脸图像的实名制火车票检票系统研究%ON FACE IMAGE-BASED TICKET CHECKING SYSTEM FOR REAL-NAME TRAIN TICKETS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓东; 孙首群; 王冰; 刘硕研; 吕晓军

    2013-01-01

    Considering the problems the real-name train ticket checking has at present that the efficiency of manual ticket checking is low and it is easy to lead to passengers stuck at check-in post, a ticket checking system for real-name train ticket based on face image is proposed. First, the face images of passenger's second generation ID and of the entering passenger his/her own are extracted at the security area of entrance. Secondly, the above images are sent to the authentication module for identity authentication by the face feature-based identity authentication algorithm. The authentication list is then generated based on the authentication results. Finally, the authentication list is downloaded to the turnstiles based on the information of the check-in post, and the ticket checking for real-name system is completed in combination with the AFC ticket checking information. Experimental results demonstrate that the identity authentication algorithm achieves 94. 14% correct authentication accuracy on FGnet and has robustness to the changes of illumination and expression, which can meet the demand of the real-name train ticket checking, the system also has quite high reliability and real-time property.%针对当前火车票实名制检票存在人工检票效率低、易造成检票口旅客滞留等问题,提出一种基于人脸图像的实名制火车票检票系统.首先在进站安检区域提取旅客的当前人脸图像和二代身份证人脸图像;其次将上述人脸图像上传至认证服务模块,运用基于旅客面部特征的身份认证算法进行身份认证,根据认证结果生成认证列表;最后将认证列表根据检票口信息下传至自动检票机(闸机),结合AFC检票信息完成实名制检票.实验结果表明,身份认证算法在FGnet人脸库上的正确认证率达到94.14%,且对光照与表情变化具有鲁棒性,能够满足火车票实名制检票的要求;该系统具有较高的可靠性和实时性.

  12. A New Ticket-Based Authentication Mechanism for Fast Handover in Mesh Network.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-Ming Lai

    Full Text Available Due to the ever-growing popularity mobile devices of various kinds have received worldwide, the demands on large-scale wireless network infrastructure development and enhancement have been rapidly swelling in recent years. A mobile device holder can get online at a wireless network access point, which covers a limited area. When the client leaves the access point, there will be a temporary disconnection until he/she enters the coverage of another access point. Even when the coverages of two neighboring access points overlap, there is still work to do to make the wireless connection smoothly continue. The action of one wireless network access point passing a client to another access point is referred to as the handover. During handover, for security concerns, the client and the new access point should perform mutual authentication before any Internet access service is practically gained/provided. If the handover protocol is inefficient, in some cases discontinued Internet service will happen. In 2013, Li et al. proposed a fast handover authentication mechanism for wireless mesh network (WMN based on tickets. Unfortunately, Li et al.'s work came with some weaknesses. For one thing, some sensitive information such as the time and date of expiration is sent in plaintext, which increases security risks. For another, Li et al.'s protocol includes the use of high-quality tamper-proof devices (TPDs, and this unreasonably high equipment requirement limits its applicability. In this paper, we shall propose a new efficient handover authentication mechanism. The new mechanism offers a higher level of security on a more scalable ground with the client's privacy better preserved. The results of our performance analysis suggest that our new mechanism is superior to some similar mechanisms in terms of authentication delay.

  13. A New Ticket-Based Authentication Mechanism for Fast Handover in Mesh Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Yan-Ming; Cheng, Pu-Jen; Lee, Cheng-Chi; Ku, Chia-Yi

    2016-01-01

    Due to the ever-growing popularity mobile devices of various kinds have received worldwide, the demands on large-scale wireless network infrastructure development and enhancement have been rapidly swelling in recent years. A mobile device holder can get online at a wireless network access point, which covers a limited area. When the client leaves the access point, there will be a temporary disconnection until he/she enters the coverage of another access point. Even when the coverages of two neighboring access points overlap, there is still work to do to make the wireless connection smoothly continue. The action of one wireless network access point passing a client to another access point is referred to as the handover. During handover, for security concerns, the client and the new access point should perform mutual authentication before any Internet access service is practically gained/provided. If the handover protocol is inefficient, in some cases discontinued Internet service will happen. In 2013, Li et al. proposed a fast handover authentication mechanism for wireless mesh network (WMN) based on tickets. Unfortunately, Li et al.'s work came with some weaknesses. For one thing, some sensitive information such as the time and date of expiration is sent in plaintext, which increases security risks. For another, Li et al.'s protocol includes the use of high-quality tamper-proof devices (TPDs), and this unreasonably high equipment requirement limits its applicability. In this paper, we shall propose a new efficient handover authentication mechanism. The new mechanism offers a higher level of security on a more scalable ground with the client's privacy better preserved. The results of our performance analysis suggest that our new mechanism is superior to some similar mechanisms in terms of authentication delay.

  14. Secure Bus-Ticketing System using NFC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monalisa Lopes

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available For making the day to day life more convenient for the passengers travelling in bus some technologies can be used like Near Field Communication (NFC, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID. The proposed system is based on ticketing and identification of passengers in public transport. The system suggest a user friendly automated ticketing system which will automatically deduct the passengers fare according to the distance travelled as well as detect the passengers detail information. The system also helps to calculate the total revenue of a single bus in a day. Another important aspect is reusability, which helps use ticket multiple times as it is rechargeable.

  15. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF MOBILE-PHONE TICKET SELF-SERVICE TICKET BUSINESS TERMINAL BASED ON RFID-SIM%基于RFID-SIM卡手机票自助票务终端的设计和实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李梁

    2012-01-01

    手机票务因其快捷方便的使用体验和完全电子化的运营管理特点,已经在全球范围内得到广泛的应用.以手机作为电子化票务信息载体,描述实现移动票务购票系统的组成和设计、实现一种适合手机购票的自助票务终端,并描述其售票处理流程.此外还简单讨论手机RFID-SIM模块的安全性及确认数据正确性的技术与方法.%Because of its convenience in experience and complete electronic feature in operation and management, mobile-phone ticket business has been widely used all over the world. The paper takes the mobile phone as electronic ticket business information carrier to describe the composition and design of implementing a mobile ticket business ticket purchasing system, realizes a self-service ticket business terminal that fits for mobile phone ticket purchase, and describes its ticket purchasing process flow. The paper also briefly discusses the security of mobile phone RFID-SIM module as well as techniques and methods to confirm data validity.

  16. Guam Commercial Purchases (Trip Ticket)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — DAWR collects Trip Ticket or purchase invoice data from vendors that buy fish directly from the fishermen. Similar to the trip ticket system in Saipan, this is a...

  17. A study on monitoring land use/cover change of mining area based on ticket-voting SVM classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yi; Yu, Jie; Ying, Min; Shen, Mingge

    2015-08-01

    Based on the development of classification algorithm applied in monitoring spatio-temporal dynamic changes of coal-- mining areas, several improvements were made on feature space and classification model in this paper. There were two innovations in our study: 1) During building the feature spaces, a new index for extracting information about mining area was created, which can classify mining area and settlements efficiently; 2) a special ticket-voting SVM algorithm with wavelet kernel function was proposed, which provides higher classification accuracy than other traditional classifiers via the secondary classification. Here we took the northeast plain of Pei county in Xuzhou city as a studying region, applying the proposed method to implement the classification by using the image of multi-temporal TM/ETM from the year of 1987 to 2013. How to carry on deep analysis combined with various non-spatial data is much more significant. Then we studied the rules of dynamic changes of land use/cover and further analyzed their driving factors by combining RS interpretation with GIS spatial analysis techniques. In this study, image recognition technology was applied to the problems of environmental change in coal mining area. These explanations provide some valuable supports for human to recognize and deal with the conflicts between economic development and environmental protection in coal mining areas.

  18. IDs for Tickets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    China implements an identity verification system for train ticket purchasers February’s Spring Festival, which fea-tures family reunions and is the coun- try’s most important traditional holiday, sets into motion tens of millions of migrants scattered throughout China. Their annual return home is considered to be the

  19. Secure Mechanisms for E-Ticketing System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toma Cristian

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available

    The paper presents a secure authentication and encryption scheme for an automatic ticketing system based on symmetric and asymmetric cryptography. Some concepts and terms used in development of secure automatic ticketing system are presented. It is depicted an architecture of the secure automatic ticketing system with its components and their roles in this architecture. The section five presents the authentication and encryption scheme used for secure information from RFID cards. The authentication scheme is based on RSA and AES algorithms and it is inspired from SSL. Parts of this paper are in publishing process in [6], but the authentication and encryption scheme is described exclusivelly in this paper. The necessity of authentication and encryption scheme is given by the attack described in [7].

     

  20. Secure Mechanisms for E-Ticketing System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toma Cristian

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a secure authentication and encryption scheme for an automatic ticketing system based on symmetric and asymmetric cryptography. Some concepts and terms used in development of secure automatic ticketing system are presented. It is depicted an architecture of the secure automatic ticketing system with its components and their roles in this architecture. The section five presents the authentication and encryption scheme used for secure information from RFID cards. The authentication scheme is based on RSA and AES algorithms and it is inspired from SSL. Parts of this paper are in publishing process in [6], but the authentication and encryption scheme is described exclusivelly in this paper. The necessity of authentication and encryption scheme is given by the attack described in [7].  

  1. Efficiency in Motion: The New Era of E-Tickets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fan Wu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The development of mobile applications has played an important role in technology. Due to recent advances in technology, mobile applications are creating more attraction across the world. Mobile application is a very interesting field of research. There are several ongoing research and development in both industries along with in academia. In this paper, we present the design and implementation of a mobile application that creates an electronic ticket or e-ticket application for campus police. The goals for this mobile application are to make the ticket process much faster and easier for campus police by using mobile devices. Furthermore, the results will indicate an increase in performance and productivity for campus police by sending, retrieving data, printing tickets and permits for students to limit the need for paper based ticketing.

  2. TICKETS ARE NOW AVAILABLE!

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Replay of the Rudra-Béjart Ballet for the CERN Staff on Tuesday 5 December 2000 at 8.00 pm sharp at the Geneva ARENA This private performance will be given for you. It will last longer than the original performance at CERN: 1 hour 20 instead of 35 minutes. I encourage you all to attend this performance-bring in great numbers yourselves, members of your family, and your friends. 2,020 places are available, for which tickets will be obtained from Monday 27 November at the Staff Association Secretariat, whom I sincerely thank for having kindly accepted to distribute the tickets. To regulate the distribution, a contribution of 5 francs will be asked for each ticket: this sum is symbolic, as I intend this ballet-representation foremost as a recognition by CERN of its gratitude to you. Luciano Maiani Director-General               Dancing,      &n...

  3. MobiPag: Integrated Mobile Payment, Ticketing and Couponing Solution Based on NFC †

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Helena; José, Rui; Coelho, André; Melro, Ana; Ferreira, Marta Campos; Cunha, João Falcão e; Monteiro, Miguel Pimenta; Ribeiro, Carlos

    2014-01-01

    Mobile payments still remain essentially an emerging technology, seeking to fill the gap between the envisioned potential and widespread usage. In this paper, we present an integrated mobile service solution based on the near field communication (NFC) protocol that was developed under a research project called MobiPag. The most distinctive characteristic of Mobipag is its open architectural model that allows multiple partners to become part of the payment value-chain and create solutions that complement payments in many unexpected ways. We describe the Mobipag architecture and how it has been used to support a mobile payment trial. We identify a set of design lessons resulting from usage experiences associated with real-world payment situations with NFC-enabled mobile phones. Based on results from this trial, we identify a number of challenges and guidelines that may help to shape future versions of NFC-based payment systems. In particular, we highlight key challenges for the initial phases of payment deployments, where it is essential to focus on scenarios that can be identified as more feasible for early adoption. We also have identified a fundamental trade-off between the flexibility supported by the Mobipag solution and the respective implications for the payment process, particularly on the users' mental model. PMID:25061838

  4. MobiPag: integrated mobile payment, ticketing and couponing solution based on NFC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Helena; José, Rui; Coelho, André; Melro, Ana; Ferreira, Marta Campos; Falcão e Cunha, João; Monteiro, Miguel Pimenta; Ribeiro, Carlos

    2014-07-24

    Mobile payments still remain essentially an emerging technology, seeking to fill the gap between the envisioned potential and widespread usage. In this paper, we present an integrated mobile service solution based on the near field communication (NFC) protocol that was developed under a research project called MobiPag. The most distinctive characteristic of Mobipag is its open architectural model that allows multiple partners to become part of the payment value-chain and create solutions that complement payments in many unexpected ways. We describe the Mobipag architecture and how it has been used to support a mobile payment trial. We identify a set of design lessons resulting from usage experiences associated with real-world payment situations with NFC-enabled mobile phones. Based on results from this trial, we identify a number of challenges and guidelines that may help to shape future versions of NFC-based payment systems. In particular, we highlight key challenges for the initial phases of payment deployments, where it is essential to focus on scenarios that can be identified as more feasible for early adoption. We also have identified a fundamental trade-off between the flexibility supported by the Mobipag solution and the respective implications for the payment process, particularly on the users' mental model.

  5. MobiPag: Integrated Mobile Payment, Ticketing and Couponing Solution Based on NFC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Rodrigues

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Mobile payments still remain essentially an emerging technology, seeking to fill the gap between the envisioned potential and widespread usage. In this paper, we present an integrated mobile service solution based on the near field communication (NFC protocol that was developed under a research project called MobiPag. The most distinctive characteristic of Mobipag is its open architectural model that allows multiple partners to become part of the payment value-chain and create solutions that complement payments in many unexpected ways. We describe the Mobipag architecture and how it has been used to support a mobile payment trial. We identify a set of design lessons resulting from usage experiences associated with real-world payment situations with NFC-enabled mobile phones. Based on results from this trial, we identify a number of challenges and guidelines that may help to shape future versions of NFC-based payment systems. In particular, we highlight key challenges for the initial phases of payment deployments, where it is essential to focus on scenarios that can be identified as more feasible for early adoption. We also have identified a fundamental trade-off between the flexibility supported by the Mobipag solution and the respective implications for the payment process, particularly on the users’ mental model.

  6. Selling train tickets by SMS

    CERN Document Server

    Meyer, Steven

    2011-01-01

    Selling train tickets has evolved in the last ten years from queuing in the railway station, to buying tickets on the internet and printing them. Both alternatives are still viable options, though they are time consuming or need printing devices. Nowadays it is essential to offer a service that is as fast and efficient as possible: mobile phones provide an accessible, affordable and widely available tool for supplying information and transferring data. The goal of this project is to design a train ticket contained in a SMS message. While there are several challenges related to the project, the main one is the security and how we can digitally sign a train ticket that is contained in 160 characters. The solution offered in this project is the implementation of the MOVA Signature (from the name of the inventors MOnnerat and VAudenay) that uses an interactive verification and therefore allows signature of 20 bits (roughly 4 characters).

  7. CNMI Commercial Purchases (Trip Ticket)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Division of Fish and Wildlife (DFW) collects 'Trip Ticket' or purchase invoice data from vendors that buy fish...

  8. Television commercial violence during nonviolent programming: the 1998 major league baseball playoffs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, C R

    2000-10-01

    To identify the frequency of violent commercials during the major league baseball playoffs in 1998 and to compare it with the 1996 playoffs. All 4 World Series games televised on the Fox Television Network (Fox), all 6 National League Championship Series (NLCS) televised by Fox, and 5 of 6 American League Championship Series (ALCS) playoff games televised by the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) were videotaped in October 1998. The results were compared with a similar study that analyzed the 1996 playoffs. Forty-four commercials (11.0 per game) that included violent interactions were noted during the World Series, 53 violent commercials (8.8 per game) during the NLCS, and 40 (8.0 per game) during the ALCS for a total of 137. Of these 137 violent commercials, 78 contained at least 1 violent act, 126 contained at least 1 violent threat, and 12 contained evidence of at least 1 violent consequence. One hundred five of the 137 violent commercials (76.6%) were television promotions and 23 (16.8%) were for big-screen movie promotions. Twenty-three of 35 big-screen movie promotions (65.7%) were violent. Ten of the 137 violent commercials (7.3%) contained obvious blood, of which 9 were televised by NBC. There were, however, an additional 20 commercials televised by Fox that contained visible blood if the videotape was slowed or paused. Sixty-three of the 137 violent commercials (46.0%) used fire and explosions, of which 53 were televised by Fox and 10 by NBC. Guns were involved in 86 of 137 violent commercials (62.8%), with Fox accounting for 64 (6.4 per game) and NBC accounting for 22 (4.4 per game). Knives were used in 1 violent commercial on both Fox and NBC. Comparisons that can be made to 1996 include the following: 1) violent commercials during the World Series (both televised by Fox) increased from 10.1 to 11.0 per game; and 2) violent commercials during the ALCS (both televised by NBC) increased from 6.0 to 8.0 per game. Commercials during the 1998 major league

  9. Violence in television commercials during nonviolent programming. The 1996 Major League Baseball playoffs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, C

    1997-10-01

    To identify the frequency of violent television commercials aired during major league baseball playoffs, traditionally thought to be a family-oriented viewing time. All 6 World Series games televised on the Fox Television Network (Fox), all 5 American League Championship Series playoff games televised by the National Broadcasting Company (NBC), and 4 first-round playoff games televised by ESPN Sports Television Network (ESPN) were videotaped in October 1996. During the 15 televised games reviewed, 104 (6.8%) of the 1528 commercials contained violent content. Sixty-one commercials (10 per game) that included violent interactions were noted during the World Series, 30 (6 per game) during the American League Championship Series, and 13 (3 per game) during the 4 first-round playoff games for a total of 104. In these 104 violent commercials, 69 contained at least 1 violent act, 90 contained at least 1 violent threat, and 27 contained evidence of at least 1 violent consequence. Seventy (67.3%) of the violent commercials were promotions for television programs, 7 (6.7%) were cable television program advertisements, and 20 (19.2%) were big-screen movie promotions. Twenty (71.4%) of 28 big-screen movie promotions were violent. Twenty-two (21.2%) of the 104 violent commercials and 7 "nonviolent" commercials contained blood or other graphic content, all of which were televised during the Fox presentation of the World Series. Fox also accounted for all 24 violent commercials that used a knife. Guns were involved in 25 violent commercials on NBC (5.0 per game), in 20 on Fox (3.33 per game), and in 7 on ESPN (1.75 per game). Overt violent content in commercials during the 1996 major league playoffs was common and consisted mainly of promotions for television programs and big-screen movies. It is counterintuitive to find such commercials in nonviolent programming and makes it difficult for parents to avoid exposing their children to this form of violence.

  10. The Eight Principles of the Microeconomic and Regulatory Future of Ticket Scalping, Ticket Brokers, and Secondary Ticket Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Happel

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available “Ticket scalping” is a term akin to “loan sharking.” Both practices fill a market need, but both practices also bring the disdain of the consumer, the wrath of primary market competitors, and the microscopic attention of regulators. From the time of Shakespearean England, those who resell tickets have carried images of greedy speculators forcing innocents to pay unjust sums for event tickets, being fleeced of their hard-earned shekels in the process.

  11. 基于赛事门票价格功能的消费心理研究%Consumer psychology based on function of sports tickets pricing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔庆波

    2012-01-01

    运用文献资料、逻辑分析等研究方法,对体育赛事门票价格的功能进行了分析,并在此基础上研究了观众体育赛事门票消费的心理表现,旨在为体育赛事门票定价和赛事运营可持续发展奠定理论基础。结果显示,体育赛事门票价格具有体育赛事衡量、观众自我拟比、市场需求调节和心理价位特定等功能。而在此影响下,观众形成了习惯性、倾向性、敏感性和感受性等多种体育赛事门票消费的心理表现。%In order to lay the theoretical foundation for pricing of sports tickets and sustainable development of sports events, the paper uses literature, logic analysis and other research methods to do research on the function of sports tickets pricing and studies the consumer psychology of audience on sports tickets. The paper finds that the price of sports tickets has the function of measuring sports size, quality or value, satisfying self - consciousness, regulating market demand, and positioning psychological price: Under this influence, the audience forms so many consumption psychologies on sports ticket as habituality, tendency, sensitivity and sensibility.

  12. The Dutch Taxation on Airline Tickets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steverink, B.; Van Daalen, C.

    2011-01-01

    In July 2008 the Dutch government introduced a tax on airline tickets in order to internalize the negative externalities associated with air travel. As a result of the increased ticket price in The Netherlands a substantial number of passengers decided to depart from airports outside of The Netherla

  13. The Dutch Taxation on Airline Tickets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steverink, B.; Van Daalen, C.

    2011-01-01

    In July 2008 the Dutch government introduced a tax on airline tickets in order to internalize the negative externalities associated with air travel. As a result of the increased ticket price in The Netherlands a substantial number of passengers decided to depart from airports outside of The Netherla

  14. The Dutch Taxation on Airline Tickets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steverink, B.; Van Daalen, C.

    2011-01-01

    In July 2008 the Dutch government introduced a tax on airline tickets in order to internalize the negative externalities associated with air travel. As a result of the increased ticket price in The Netherlands a substantial number of passengers decided to depart from airports outside of The

  15. The Design and Implementation of the Ticket Management System Based on Android%基于Android影院售票管理系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周兵

    2015-01-01

    针对目前人们在购买电影票时需要排队或在电脑上订票,而不能随时随地通过移动网络自主的进行购票问题,设计开发了一款基于Android影院售票管理系统.该系统主要采用Android网络编程技术,实现了利用移动网络远程连接服务器,进行用户的注册、登陆、浏览影片、观看片花、座位选择、时间选择、影院选择、订单管理、入场验证等功能的客户端及影院管理、用户管理、管理员管理、售票管理的服务器端,达到用户可以随时随地通过移动网络进行购票,最大程度的挖掘潜在用户的目的.%The people purchasing movie tickets need to stand in line or book on the computer, instead of getting it freely through mobile network. so we designed and developed cinema ticket management system based on Android. The system mainly uses Android network programming technology to remotely connect the server, the user can register, login, browse videos, watch trailers, select time, seat and theaters as well as enjoy other function including order management, admission to verify client and theater manage-ment, user management, administrator management, ticket management server, which can explore the potential users.

  16. 基于工作票的输变电停电事件自动集成%Transmission power outage automatic integration based on working-ticket

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟能; 邓集; 熊金山; 杨银花

    2016-01-01

    随着电能质量在线监测系统深化应用,输变电停电事件自动集成已成为电能质量在线监测系统核心的管理功能,实现了从源头系统采集数据并能自动生成停电事件。但是,停电事件生成后,还需要人工进行判断和修改停电性质及原因,增加了管理人员工作负担,同时也不能保证对相关事件管理和统计的及时性。该论文从技术路线与架构、数据流向和数据研判等方面介绍了一种基于工作票的输变电停电原因自动集成典型设计,在现有电能质量在线监测系统中实现了停电原因自动集成。%With power quality monitoring system deepening application, transmission power outage automatically inte-grated has become the core of the system management functions, which collects data from the source system and can au-tomatically generate a power outage. However, these manually judgment and modification the nature and reasons for power outages are need after power outage generating, which increases management burden and can not guarantee that the relevant incident management and timeliness of statistics. This paper presents a typical design for transmission pow-er outage automatic integration based on working-ticket, including technological route, data flow, data judging and so on, which realized the causes of power failures automatically integrated in an existing power quality monitoring system.

  17. 一款基于JAVA的航空售票系统设计%Design of an Air Ticketing System Based on JAVA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴鹏

    2011-01-01

    The rapid development of information technology not only gradually make air ticket workers away from the heavy manual labor, improve work efficiency, and pushes forward the modern management of the aviation. Database is the latest technology of data management, and is an important branch of computer science. Today, information resource has become the important wealth of all departments. Establishing an effective information system meeting the requirements for air ticket information processing has become the important condition of an airline development.%信息技术的飞速发展不仅使航空售票工作者逐渐摆脱了繁重的手工劳动、提高了工作效率,而且推着航空事业向现代化管理迈进.数据库是数据管理的最新技术,是计算机科学的重要分支.今天,信息资源已成为各个部门的重要财富,建立一个满足航空售票信息处理要求的行之有效的信息系统也成为一个航空公司发展的重要条件.

  18. Modeling Highway Ticket Systems Based on UML/OCL%UML/OCL在公路票务系统建模中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王友

    2012-01-01

    The rigorous software requirement specification is the basis to ensure software quality.Taking the Highway Ticket System as the background.this paper elaborate the application of OCL in modeling the Highway Tickets System,Beginning with the requirement analysis,with the help of model tool-Rose,several kinds of models have been built.These models include user requirement model、dynamic action model、object structure model and implementation model.%精确的软件需求说明书是确保软件质量的基础,本文以公路票务系统为开发背景,探讨了OCL在构建精确软件需求过程中的应用方法,以Rose作为建模工具构建了系统的需求模型、对象结构模型、动态行为模型、实现模型.

  19. Ticket-to-talk-television

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, Marcus Sanchez; Sokoler, Tomas

    2008-01-01

    in combination with a series of design-oriented workshops with a group of senior citizens, have guided the design of our Ticket-to-Talk-Television example concept. We will reflect upon the overall approach as well as the design activities that were undertaken in relation to the concept developed.......In this paper we discuss a particular perspective on interactivity and sociability in the design of new TV technologies for social interaction. We will argue that current research on Social TV builds on a too narrow conception of interaction in everyday social life. In consequence, rather than...... turning the TV media itself into an arena for peer-to-peer synchronous interaction amongst TV viewers we will discuss the idea of Social TV as a resource that when part of a larger socio-material fabric can help accommodate the circumstantial nature of social interactions as they emerge and play out...

  20. New Sale Policy for Olympic Tickets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Following the temporary suspension of the phase two domestic ticket sales of the Beijing Olympic Games, the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad(BOCOG)released a new policy of tick- et sales on November 5.

  1. 物联感知和生物识别在实名制票务中的研究%Research on real-name ticketing system based on IOT perception and biometrics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱玥; 李云飞; 陈良

    2013-01-01

    Utilizing biological features instead of identity cards, the paper proposes an IOT(Internet of Things)based real-name AFC(Automatic Fare Collection)system using technologies of 2.4 GHz RFID(Radio Frequency Identification)and face recog-nition for wireless perception. Passive RFID tags are used as ticket carriers, and RFID readers are integrated into ticket gates to perceive ticket and passenger information. To reduce the run-time for face detection and recognition with a large number of check-in passengers, an improved Viola-Jones algorithm is proposed to accelerate the face detection, and an improved fisher face method based on OGA(Optimization Genetic Algorithm)with reduced vector dimensionality and optimized feature space is proposed to improve the face recognition efficiency. The experimental results show that the system is reliable for real-name authentification. An example is given to illustrate that the system is feasible for practical applications.%  以乘客的生物特征取代身份证信息,以2.4 GHz 射频识别技术和人脸识别技术实现无线信息感知,建立了基于物联网框架的实名制售检票解决方案.系统采用无源 RFID 标签为车票载体,通过装有 RFID 读写器的闸机对车票及其对应的乘客身份信息实现主动感知.为降低现有算法人脸检测及识别的时间,满足大批乘客检票实时性要求,改进了 Viola-Jones算法以提高人脸检测速度,提出了基于OGA的改进Fisher脸方法对图像向量进行降维,并对特征空间进行优化以提高人脸识别效率.实验结果表明,设计的实名制票务系统有较好的实时性和可靠性;通过实例说明了系统在实际应用中的可行性.

  2. Application of Near Field Communication Technology for Mobile Airline Ticketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wayan Suparta

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Near Field Communication (NFC technology opens up exciting new usage scenarios for mobile devices based platform. Users of NFC-enabled devices can simply point or touch their devices to other NFC-enabled elements in the environment to communicate with them (‘contactless’, making application and data usage easy and convenient. Approach: The study describes the characteristics and advantages of NFC technology offers for the development of mobile airline ticketing. This scenario describes the potential to overcome the conventional systems that are not gated and use study tickets. In such a system, today a transport application can be loaded on a NFC-enabled phone. To study such a case, Yogyakarta International Airport was taken as an example for a discussion. Results: NFC technology which consisting of three modes of operation and with international standardization can be applied as contactless to simplicity transactions, content delivery and information sharing on a mobile based platform. Conclusion: The idea of NFC application for mobile airline ticketing has been discussed for Yogyakarta International Airport."

  3. Modelling Preference Heterogeneity for Theatre Tickets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baldin, Andrea; Bille, Trine

    ) and latent class are proposed in order to model ticket purchase behaviour. These models allow us explicitly to take into account consumers' preference heterogeneity with respect to the attributes associated to each ticket alternative In addition, the distribution of the willingness-to-pay (WTP) of choice...... attributes is estimated. Understanding theatre-goers' choice behaviour and WTP for the quality of seat and the day of performance is important to policy makers and theatre managers in adopting different pricing and marketing strategies.......This paper analyzes the behavioural choice for theatre tickets using a rich dataset for 2010-2013 from the sale system of the Royal Danish National Theatre. A consumer who decides to attend a theater production faces multiple sources of price variation that depends on: socio...

  4. Fiches pratiques: Domino gastronomique; Ticket de metro; Articles definis et indefinis; Texte en scenes (Practical Ideas: Gastronomic Dominos; Metro Ticket; Definite and Indefinite Articles; Text on Stage).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigoriou, Marianthi; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Four language classroom activities are described, including a food game, a culture and language activity based on a Paris Metro ticket, an exercise in the use of definite and indefinite articles using a film poster, and a classroom adaptation of a fairy tale for dramatic oral presentation. (MSE)

  5. Fiches pratiques: Domino gastronomique; Ticket de metro; Articles definis et indefinis; Texte en scenes (Practical Ideas: Gastronomic Dominos; Metro Ticket; Definite and Indefinite Articles; Text on Stage).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigoriou, Marianthi; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Four language classroom activities are described, including a food game, a culture and language activity based on a Paris Metro ticket, an exercise in the use of definite and indefinite articles using a film poster, and a classroom adaptation of a fairy tale for dramatic oral presentation. (MSE)

  6. Wireless oilfield : new systems emerge for field ticketing and oilsands camps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaremko, D.

    2005-12-15

    Details of new Telus wireless connectivity systems were discussed in relation to fieldwork in the oilsands industry. Wireless connectivity is providing the groundwork for a host of new systems, including paperless field ticketing and oilsands facilities that are more efficient and secure. Because field crews are paid partly based on their invoices, paper tickets can result in late paycheques, as the tickets must be handled by accounting, sales, and data delivery services before processing. Wireless connectivity systems allow the procedures to be processed simultaneously, reducing errors and the amount of time required. The wireless system allows direct interfacing with various clients to deliver invoices more quickly, and allows companies to better measure events and actions by field crews. It was estimated that more than 4000 companies in the oil and gas industry could benefit from wireless ticketing. In addition to wireless ticketing, a multi-phase system designed by Telus called 'camp in a box' offers planning, scheduling and on-site corporate applications as well as fingerprint driven security, monitored movement and high speed Internet. Phases include bandwidth coverage to drive applications; business services within the site; e-learning; map and data services; web, video or phone conferencing; emergency notification and 2-way messaging; and labour and project management applications. It was concluded that the programs can be designed to suit the needs of many individual companies and organizations.

  7. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF FARE COLLECTION TERMINAL FOR MOBILE TICKETING BASED ON RFID-SIM CARD%基于RFID-SIM卡移动手机票检票终端的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光普

    2012-01-01

    Mobile ticketing is such a system that it uses RFID-SIM card as the secure storage and verification module, realise the purchasing and choosing of mobile phone tickets through mobile phone display screen, mobile wireless communications and non-contact communication technology, and completes ticketing function with mobile ticketing fare collection terminals. In this paper we describe the key software technology implemented by fare collection terminal device in light of mobile ticketing vending and fare collection system, the types of mobile phone ticket and the function of fare collection terminals, and design a system platform supporting mobile ticketing vending and fare collection application. The research results in the paper have been achieved and reached the practical application in a variety of situations.%移动手机票是以RFID-SIM卡作为安全存储和验证模块,通过手机显示屏、移动无线通信和非接触通信技术等来实现手机票的购买和选票,结合手机票检票终端完成票务功能.针对移动手机票售检票系统的组成、手机票类型和检票终端的功能,描述了检票终端设备实现的软件关键技术,并设计了支持手机票售检票应用的系统平台.该研究成果现已实现,并在多种场合达到实际应用.

  8. Asymmetrical Problem About the Lucky Tickets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vеlichko Igor Gеorgiеvich

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available We consider a set of tickets with numbers from 000001 to 999999. The lucky ticket is called, in which the sum of the first three digits equals the sum of the last three digits. The problem of lucky tickets is counting their number. The generalization of the classical problem of the lucky ticket to the case when the number of terms in comparable amounts and different radix arbitrarily. To count the number of solutions of linear diophantine equations, the terms of which are bounded by a constant, we introduced a discrete analogue of the delta function, written as the definite integral. We wrote out the formula for the number of tickets in the form of multiple sums comprising administering function. We prove several auxiliary identities for the end of trigonometric sums, it is a generalization of identities. After changing the order of summation and integration we obtain the desired formula for the number of solutions of this diophantine equation. With an equal number of terms in the sum written out expression obtained previously known classical result, which is known to the author sources obtained using more sophisticated techniques of integration in the complex domain. In this paper we use the same kind of method of trigonometric sums I.M. Vinogradov, and all the arguments are on the set of real numbers. To obtain an exact expression as an integral of the oscillating function method of stationary phase estimates are obtained, containing radicals and exponents. The results of the comparisons of calculations on the exact and approximate formulas are given.

  9. Public Transport System Ticketing system using RFID and ARM processor Perspective Mumbai bus facility B.E.S.T

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saurabh Chatterjee

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper is based on ticketing and identification of the passenger in the public transport. In the metropolitan city like Mumbai, Kolkata we have a severe malfunction of public transport and various security problems. Firstly, there is a lot of confusion between the passengers regarding fares which lead to corruption, Secondly due to mismanagement of public transport the passengers faces the problem of traffic jam, thirdly nowadays we have severe security problems in public transport due anti social elements. This paper suggest a user friendly automated ticketing system which will automatically deduct the passenger’s fare according to the distance travelled as well as detect the passenger’s identification. This could be only possible by use of RFID tickets and GPS can be used to make the transaction and travelling very precise. This paper basically deals with the identification and ticketing of the passengers sitting in the bus.

  10. Modelling Preference Heterogeneity for Theatre Tickets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baldin, Andrea; Bille, Trine

    This paper analyzes the behavioural choice for theatre tickets using a rich dataset for 2010-2013 from the sale system of the Royal Danish National Theatre. A consumer who decides to attend a theater production faces multiple sources of price variation that depends on: socio-economic characterist...... attributes is estimated. Understanding theatre-goers' choice behaviour and WTP for the quality of seat and the day of performance is important to policy makers and theatre managers in adopting different pricing and marketing strategies.......This paper analyzes the behavioural choice for theatre tickets using a rich dataset for 2010-2013 from the sale system of the Royal Danish National Theatre. A consumer who decides to attend a theater production faces multiple sources of price variation that depends on: socio...

  11. Analysis of Pricing Mechanism and Influence Factors of Land Tickets%地票价格形成机制及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马敏达; 王晓燕; 马智利

    2014-01-01

    To make the land ticket price to a reasonable level and promote the land ticket trade system running smoothly,for-mation mechanism and influencing factors of ticket price are studied.Land ticket price is estimated based on the ticket pro-ducing and using.The equilibrium price and equilibrium price range of land tickets from the relation between supply and de-mand is analyzed.Conclusion is reached that the land ticket price is formed in the role of the market pricing and the admin-istrative pricing mechanism.Opinions are put forward that the government should find its position in the land ticket market, and rationally use economic means to control the ticket price,strengthen the farmers'participation in the land ticket trade as well.%为了使地票价格达到合理水平,促进地票交易制度顺利运行,对地票价格的形成机制及影响因素进行了研究。基于地票的产生和使用两个角度对地票价格进行估算,并运用供求关系原理分析了地票的均衡价格与均衡价格区间。分析表明,地票价格是在市场定价与行政定价双重机制作用下形成的。为此,提出建议:政府必须找准其在地票市场中的定位,合理利用经济手段调控地票价格,同时需加强农民在地票交易中的参与。

  12. Competitive activity analysis in play-off stage of 'Wiener Stadtische' Serbian volleyball league for men in 2012/2013 season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majstorović Nikola

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Sport is defined as an activity that involves competition, specific preparation for the competition, specific relationships and connections in that area of activity taken as a whole. Analysis of competitive activity is the basis for a rational approach to the planning, programming, implementation and evaluation of the effects of systematic training process. Subject to this study was to analyze competitive activities of volleyball players in the play-off stage of 'Wiener Statische' Serbian league in season 2012/2013. The aim of the research is to determine characteristics of the volleyball game structure in competitive activity, to determine the technical-tactical elements with a statistically significant contribution to the achievement of positive results in the competition and to perform certain conclusions, with the help of research results, regarding the design of the training process. Description of elements was performed in the research, the contents that describe competitive activity in men's volleyball were explored, and then comparative analysis of these elements was performed for different levels of team performance. We can conclude that, based on these results, there is a statistically significant difference between successful and less successful men volleyball teams in only three variables, namely: the efficiency coefficient of serve, efficiency coefficient of block, efficiency coefficient of attack. This data is absolutely correspond to considerations in practice, which is that these three elements directly bring a point in the field, and therefore by observing them we can determine the winner of the match, with the highest certainty. Other elements, though necessary may influence the final outcome in men's volleyball to a lesser extent. Data from this study should be used primarily for modeling volleyball players training, with the ultimate projection on training improvement and game efficiency increase.

  13. Novel Unique Technique for Generating Ticket Identifier Using Image Texture Patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mrs. Jayashree Katti

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A paperless ticketing system with an application through which user can purchase a mobile ticket. Once the purchasing information is provided, the mobile ticket can be sent to the respective users mobile. A new method is introduced to generate tickets in which texture pattern is generated for digest provided by md5. The ticket is sent in the format of image consisting of texture patterns. Ticket can be verified by ticket checker using an application developed to verify genuine ticket. This system will be a revolution in the m-commerce world.

  14. Usage Intention and Influencing Factor of Service Ticket for Home-based Care for the Aged Land-lost Farmers%失地农民居家养老服务券使用意愿及其影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘建文

    2016-01-01

    Promotion of service ticket for home-based care is one of a possible routes to solve the? endowment insurance for the land-lost farm-ers. In order to promote the service ticket for home-based care and to find the grassroots public opinion information,we investigated the filed sam-ples in Y County in Guangdong Province. 66. 95% land-lost farmers were strongly willing to provide service ticket for home-based care. Results of binary logistic regression analysis showed that income level was the leading factor affecting the use willing;while physical health level was the im-portant factor.%在农村推广居家养老服务券是解决日益凸显的失地农民养老问题的可行路径之一。为推广居家养老服务券找到基层民意信息,以广东省Y县为样本的田野调查发现,66.95%的失地农民表示愿意使用居家养老服务券,且推广意愿强烈。二元Logistic回归分析结果表明,收入水平是影响使用意愿的主导因子,而身体健康水平则是影响使用意愿的重要因子。

  15. Ticket consumption forecast for Brazilian championship games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Bruscato Bortoluzzo

    Full Text Available Abstract For the efficiency of sales and marketing management of athletic clubs, it is crucial to find a way to appropriately estimate the level of demand for sporting events. More precise estimates allow for an appropriate financial and operational plan and a higher quality of service delivered to the fans. The focus of this study is to analyze and forecast the ticket consumption for soccer games in Brazilian stadiums. We compare the results of the regression model with normally distributed errors (benchmark, the TOBIT model and the Gamma generalized linear model. The models include explanatory variables related to the economic environment, product quality, as well as monetary and non-monetary incentives that people are given to attend sporting events at stadiums. We show that most of these variables are statistically significant to explain the amount of fans that go to stadiums. We used different measures of accuracy to evaluate the performance of demand forecasts and concluded that Gamma generalized linear model presented better results to forecast the ticket consumption for Brazilian championship games, when compared to a benchmark.

  16. 基于malmquist指数的航空公司多级票价效率评价%Efficiency Evaluation Based on Malmquist Index of System of Multistage Ticket Price Implemented by Airlines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑燕琴; 夏洪山; 吴梦诗

    2014-01-01

    In order to achieve maximum profits and get more consumer surplus ,many airlines are implementing the system multistage ticket price .Appling the method of data envelopment analysis ,using the malmquist index ,researches are made on efficiency evaluation of system of multistage ticket price to the 20 routes of Shandong Airlines .Trough empirical re-search ,there are 12 routes are DEA invalid in these 20 routes .That is to say ,the system of multistage ticket price to these 12 routes still needs to be adjusted .At the same time ,by decomposing the malmquist index ,factors that affect the efficiency of system of multistage ticket price implemented by airlines can be known according to the visual date .There are 9 routes are the result of the structure of multistage ticket price ,and 7routes are due to price reason .%为实现利润最大化,目前很多航空公司都实行多级票价体系,以获得更多的消费者剩余。引入数据包络分析法,利用malmquist指数,针对山东航空公司20条航线进行了多级票价的效率评价研究,通过实证发现,这20条航线中,有12条尚未达到DEA (date envelopment analysis )有效,即多级票价体系尚需调整。同时,通过分解malmquist指数,可以从数据直观地看出影响航空公司多级票价体系效率的因素,其中9条是由于多级票价结构原因,7条是由于票价价位原因。

  17. Suggestions on Optimization of Xi'an Metro Ticket System and Fare Structure%西安地铁票制票价优化建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛琳; 吴曼

    2015-01-01

    针对西安地铁现行票制票价,详细分析其存在的问题,提出票制票价优化的几点建议,并根据建议计算出预测年的票务收入,为西安及其他城市地铁票制票价改革提供参考。%For Xi'an current metro ticket system and fare structure, the paper makes a detailed analysis on the existing problems, puts forward ticket system and fare structure optimization suggestions. Based on the recommendations, it works out the calculated prediction in the ticketing income, providing reference for Xi'an and other cities in the reform of metro ticket system and fare structure.

  18. A Hybrid Neural Network Prediction Model of Air Ticket Sales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han-Chen Huang

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Air ticket sales revenue is an important source of revenue for travel agencies, and if future air ticket sales revenue can be accurately forecast, travel agencies will be able to advance procurement to achieve a sufficient amount of cost-effective tickets. Therefore, this study applied the Artificial Neural Network (ANN and Genetic Algorithms (GA to establish a prediction model of travel agency air ticket sales revenue. By verifying the empirical data, this study proved that the established prediction model has accurate prediction power, and MAPE (mean absolute percentage error is only 9.11%. The established model can provide business operators with reliable and efficient prediction data as a reference for operational decisions.

  19. Determinants of Intention to Purchase Online Airline Ticket

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    alireza Hadadian

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays development of information technology has caused online shopping continues to gain more acceptance by travelers that make airlines be care about factors affecting online ticket purchasing. Therefore, in this paper is an attempt to analyze intention to online airline ticket purchasing model according to trust, subjective norms, perceived risk, satisfaction and ease of use. The statistical population includes departure passengers of Mashhad international airport in domestic flights of September 2013 and sample size calculated for 215 passengers. Data collected by questionnaire that has appropriate validity and reliability. In addition, it is use structural equation model (SEM and Lisrel8.8 Software to analyze hypothesis. The results show higher satisfaction and trust leads to more intention to online airline ticket purchasing. Moreover, perceived risk and ease of use have indirect effect on intention to online purchasing by trust and satisfaction and it is not support significant relationship between subjective norms and intention to online airline ticket purchasing.

  20. E-Park: Automated-Ticketing Parking Meter System

    OpenAIRE

    Kulesza, Mateusz J.

    2015-01-01

    E-Park is an electronic parking meter system which enables real-time ticketing of illegally parked vehicles. The system is a drop-in replacement for existing curb-side parking meters. It consists of lowpower front-end parking meter hardware and a back-end server that handles the information database management. Wireless network communication enables the parking meter to accept electronic payment, enforce parking regulation, and ticket parking violators by capturing an image of the vehicle lic...

  1. The Research on Ticket Fare Optimization for China’s High-Speed Train

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    With the constant deepening of the railway reform in China, the competition between railway passenger transportation and other modes of passenger transportation has been getting fiercer. In this situation, the existing unitary and changeless fare structure gradually becomes the prevention of railway revenue increase and railway system development. This paper examines a new method for ticket fare optimization strategy based on the revenue management theory. On the premise that only one fare gr...

  2. Analysis on Land Ticket Transaction System of Chongqing Municipality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi; WANG; Xiaoyan; LIU; Chunxin; ZENG

    2013-01-01

    On the basis of analyzing essence of land ticket system of Chongqing Municipality and its transaction process,this paper studies the relationship between government and farmers and between city and countryside,and discusses the drawbacks of land ticket system in Chongqing Municipality. Results show that inherent drawbacks of land ticket system and wrong guidance of policies lead to suspicion of land ticket system occupying rural resources. Interregional exploitation and intergenerational exploitation are inherent mechanism of city exploiting countryside. Finally,it proposes increasing construction land index to satisfy demand of new socialist countryside construction primarily,to ensure rural social stability; Later,use land ticket index to fill the gap of construction land in economically developed areas,so as to alleviate conflict of urban land use and maximize circulation value of rural construction land. It is expected to provide theoretical reference for relevant departments to regulate land ticket transaction system and realize the harmonious development,between urban and rural areas.

  3. BINARISATON PROCESSING OF TRAIN TICKET IMAGES BASED ON MAXIMUM VARIANCE THRESHOLD ALGORITHM%基于最大方差阈值法的火车票图像二值化处理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕行军; 韩宪忠; 王克俭; 吕继兴

    2012-01-01

    火车票识别是实现自动检票的关键.采用最大方差阈值法对图像二值化求最佳阈值时,单向逐级遍历灰度级值,耗时较多.提出双向分组并行遍历的方法,从灰度级别值两端同时向中间,双向并行遍历,比较并计算出最合适的阈值.随机选取200幅火车票图像,分别使用指定阈值法、交互式阈值法和双向遍历最大方差法阈值法二值化处理,由BP神经网络识别,双向遍历最大方差阈值法比其他两种方法识别率分别提高了12.5%和5.5%,同时采用双向遍历比单向遍历求最佳阈值时,前者比后者在时间上缩短了一半,实验证明双向遍历最大方差阈值法是有效的.%Train tickets identification is the key to achieve automatic tickets checking. When seeking the optimal threshold of the image binarisation with maximum variance threshold algorithm, it is really time-consuming to undergo the unidirectional traversal on gray-scale values step by step. The thesis presents a bidirectional-grouping parallel traversing approach, it makes bidirectional-parallel traversal from two ends of gray-scale grade value to the middle simultaneously, and compares and calculates the threshold fitting best. 200 images of train tickets are selected in random, and are processed respectively by the specified threshold method, the interactive threshold method and the bidirectional traversal maximum variance threshold method. The processed images are identified with BP neural network, and the third method has higher recognition rate than the other two by increasing 12.5% and 5.5% respectively. Meanwhile, the method of bidirectional-parallel spends less time than the unidirectional one in seeking optimal threshold. Experimental results show that the proposed method is the most efficient one.

  4. Passenger Perception towards E-ticketing Services, Airline Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.Sc. Nail Reshidi

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to identify the critical dominant incidents and key instigators that influence on usage or lack of usage of e-ticketing by Kosovo Air Passengers. The research at hand utilizes the Grounded Theory of Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss, and the Critical Incident Technique in order to identify the factors that influence on the (diss satisfaction of the travellers in using e-ticketing. For the purpose of this paper, the empirical data were gathered through interviews by using open ended questions. Among 93 interviews with the random selected passengers, 13 interviews were deemed as invalid. The empirical results highlighted the need for raising the consciousness regarding the efficacy and the advantages of eticketing. On the other hand, many other passengers cannot conceive the possibility of travelling without use of e-ticketing, given that in the past they spent much time in finding the right agent, desired destination, purchase difficulties in making reservation, confirmation, changes, or they had to carry large amounts of cash money to buy tickets which raised insecurity concerns. Research is limited only to the description of critical incidents that occurred in Prishtina International Airport. Majority of the respondents were highly-educated with high income status. These characteristics create a bias and constrain our ability to extrapolate from the findings. Nevertheless, the study serves as a point for more in-depth analysis and discussion on e-ticketing behaviour in Airline industry.

  5. Security Issues for 2D Barcodes Ticketing Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Toma

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a solution for endcoding/decoding access to the subway public transportation systems. First part of the paper is dedicated through section one and two to the most used 2D barcodes used in the market – QR and DataMatrix. The sample for DataMatrix is author propietary and the QR sample is from the QR standard [2]. The section three presents MMS and Digital Rights Management topics used for issuing the 2D barcodes tickets. The second part of the paper, starting with section four shows the architecture of Subway Ticketing Systems and the proposed procedure for the ticket issuing. The conclusions identify trends of the security topics in the public transportation systems.

  6. Automatic ticket gate EG-2000; Shingata jido kaisatsuki EG-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A new type automatic ticket gate was developed with a concept of 'more benign to people'. An illegal train ride is prevented, without impairing convenience of passengers, by enabling plural tickets up to three to be thrown in together; the machine also makes it possible to pay for an extra ridden distance with the combined use of a stored fare card and a train ticket. The gate benign to people was realized also through a soft door operation, information display by color liquid crystal and pictogram, enlarged passage width, etc. In addition, improvement in data processing performance is contrived in view of the introduction of a radio IC card in the future; the gate is supposed to play the central role in the rapid cashless trend of the operating system of a station. (translated by NEDO)

  7. 考虑二次设备的智能防误操作票系统%Intelligent Anti-misoperation Operation Ticket System Consider Secondary Device

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶雷; 殷自力

    2011-01-01

    Traditional anti-misoperation operation ticket system is not involved secondary protection device modeling, and therefore does not reflect protection effect of secondary equipments. An intelligent anti-misoperation operation ticket system of primary equipment and secondary equipments modeling was proposed in the paper. Methods, such as protection modeling,role base management,closed-loop management between operation ticket and maintenance ticket were used. The function of integration topology analysis, operation ticket generation according to intelligent reasoning and maintenance ticket improves intelligent level of the proposed intelligent anti-misoperation operation ticket system. Fujian Electric Power Company's application of the system has proven its effectiveness.%传统防误操作票系统未涉及二次保护设备建模,因而不能体现二次设备对一次设备的保护效果.文中提出了一、二次设备建模的智能防误操作票系统,采用保护设备建模、规则库管理以及操作票与检修票闭环管理等设计方案,在原有防误操作票系统的基础上实现了电网图形完整拓扑分析功能、智能推理生成操作票功能和根据检查票生成操作票功能,提高了防误操作票系统的智能化水平.该公司的应用证明了其有效性.

  8. Scheduling of inspectors for ticket spot checking in urban rail transportation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorlacius, Per; Clausen, Jens

    2010-01-01

    of the inspectors, this tool enables the construction of new schedules for ticket inspectors, such that the income from penalty fares claimed from passengers without a valid ticket is maximised. Other tools to increase income from ticket sales and penalty fares are also discussed.......A central issue for operators of passenger transportation in urban rail is balancing the income from tickets against the cost of the operation. The main part of the income except for governmental subsides comes from sales of tickets. There are various ways to ensure that all passengers carry valid...

  9. 基于 BP 神经网络的铁路互联网售票系统信息安全评估方法%Approach of Information Security Assessment for Railway Internet Ticketing System based on BP Model of Artificial Neural Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚洪磊; 张彦

    2014-01-01

    杂的互联网售票系统网络,实验数据与实际系统风险评估值基本吻合。%Railway internet ticketing system had replaced the conventional ticket transaction method which was playing an important part in railway transportation production. As a result of the Internet-based character, railway internet ticketing system was facing several levels of security risks and threats such as overt aggressions and virus infections. Once the system was break down, a great negative impact would be brought to the society. Based on the threats referred, scientific methods and tools need to be used to analyze the threats vulnerability of the system; consequences caused by the security incidents should also be evaluated once the accidents occurred. Protection countermeasures and corrective measures against threats should be proposed to control and mitigate information security risks which should bring the threats to an acceptable level. Artificial neural networks (ANN) has intelligent character such as autonomously access knowledge which can better deal with uncertainty and nonlinear problems, and it had been wildly applied in information security risk assessment in many industries. Compared with other ANN, the BP neural network had a good nonlinear mapping ability including self-learning and adaptive capacities. First, using the 3-layer neural network can approximate any nonlinear arbitrary precision continuous functions, making it suitable for solving complex problems. Second, the output can be automatically extracted "Reasonable Rules" between output data during the training process, and the learning content can adaptively memory the rules on the weights in the network. As a result, an evaluation mode was proposed by using artificial neural network based on BP model in view of safety menace of railway internet ticketing system, the major safety menaces of internet ticketing system were used as the training samples; an experiment was conducted by using the trained

  10. 1,2-Indanedione - A winning ticket for developing fingermarks: A validation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levin-Elad, Michal; Liptz, Yakir; Bar-Or, Karni L; Almog, Joseph

    2017-02-01

    1,2-Indanedione has been extensively researched since the discovery of its fluorogenic reaction with amino acids in 1997 by Joullié et al. [1]. This current study compares the development of fingermarks on used train tickets by the three leading reagents for amino acids-ninhydrin, DFO and 1,2-indanedione. The train tickets are ideal for the task due to their high abundance and frequent use by a diverse population. However, their unique double-layer composition of a cellulose-based regular paper on one side and a thermally sensitive layer on the other requires an adjustment of the traditional development procedures. Heat, which is normally applied after dipping the specimens in the reagents solutions, had to be avoided due to darkening of the sensitive thermal layer. Instead, it has been replaced by air-drying in a fume-hood 24h prior to the recording of the results. Three groups, each containing 500 used train tickets had been treated by each of the three reagents. The results were expressed in terms of percentage of both comparable and partial fingermarks. In this study we controlled neither the quality of the fingerprint donors nor the conditions under which the latent fingermarks had been deposited or stored. However, the large number of similar exhibits which are randomly chosen allows tentative conclusions on the potential of each reagent, hence, a new criterion for the potential of fingermark development (PFD) is proposed. The PFD combines all the partial fingermarks and identifiable fingermarks (graded 1 and 2) thus, highlighting the sensitivity of the reagents. In this work, the superiority of 1,2-indanedione is demonstrated using both the traditional comparison tests as well as the suggested "PFD".

  11. Design and implementation of movie ticket booking system%影院订票系统设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王植; 张珏; 张鹏飞

    2016-01-01

    Currently, the traditional manual way ticket is still the main way of domestic movie ticket sales, resulting in low efficiency of each theater management, level management is also stagnant with no front. The development of a modern movie tickets for purchase online theater ticketing system will greatly improve the current situation, cinema ticketing system is in this context that the idea of a software application, is based on the JAVA programming language, in the case of Eclipse as the main development tool development language with JSP foreground, background database using Oracle's MySQL database, WEB server uses the Apache Tomcat server, develop a simple, practical, full-featured online cinema booking system, for reception requires registration, login, booking, vote, refunds, ticket change, modify personal information, security exit and other functions. The background is required for full-featured applications, with movie information management and statistical query. The actual application showed that the system has a stable performance, consistency, and integrity features better, meet the design requirements.%目前,针传统的手工售票的方式依然是国内电影售票的主要方式,从而导致各影院管理效率低下,经营管理的水平也滞带不前。基于设计一种适合现代人网上购票的影院订票系统来改善当前状况的目的,采用JAVA编程语言,以Eclipse作为主要的开发工具,用JSP为前台开发语言,后台数据库采用Oracle公司的MySQL数据库,WEB服务器采用Apache的Tomcat服务器的方法,开发出一个简单实用、功能齐全的在线影院订票系统、对于前台要求具有注册、登录、订票、选票、退票、改票、修改个人信息、安全退出等功能。而对于后台则要求应用程序功能完备,具备影片信息管理和统计查询等功能。通过实际运行表明,该系统具有性能稳定,一致性和完整性较好的特点,达到了设计要求。

  12. Battle of Midway Memorial Dinner, Monterey Bay Commandery, NOUS tickets

    OpenAIRE

    Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.)

    2015-01-01

    Web page capture of tickets to the Battle of Midway Memorial Dinner through Eventbrite. The Monterey Bay Commandery of the Naval Order of the United States will host the 73 Battle of Midway Dining-Out on Saturday 6 June at the Naval Support Activity, Monterey, Herrmann Hall, Naval Postgraduate School. This black-tie event is open to the all active and retired service members, military faculty, and civilians. Guests holding confirmed reservations will have gate access the evenin...

  13. INTEGRATED TICKETING SYSTEM OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN JAKARTA VS VÄRMLAND, SWEDEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teguh Himawan Ronggosusanto

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The heightened mobility of people in the DKI Jakarta province and surrounding area requires balance of the development public transport services. One of service attributes in public transportation is ticketing system. Currently, the ticketing system in Jakarta needs to be improved and still not integrated. Therefore, the importance to develop and implement a new integrated ticketing system to increase the competitiveness and attractiveness of public transports. It also gives an opportunity to the operators in order to implement several of ticket prices. There are some of barriers that faced by operators in development a new integrated ticketing system such as; institutional issue, resources integration, and financial problems. In order to describe and analyze the development of a new integrated ticketing system, this thesis uses a qualitative research approach and five sources of evidence i.e. documentation, archival records, an interview, direct and participant observations through a survey using the form of questionnaires that distributed to the public transport users. Further, this study also uses the case of Värmlandstrafik AB as the comparative study and the theoretical basis of the new services development as an approach to assess the possibility of implement a new integrated ticketing system. It aims to investigate the ticketing system phenomenon using information and data observations as materials to analyze, explore, and provide depth explanation. By analyzing data from a survey of passengers, this study gave a description and explanation related the characteristic and the travel behavior of passenger, also an assessment of ticketing system that underlies the development a new integrated ticketing system. Then, using the comparative case study of Värmlandstrafik AB that already implement an integrated ticketing system and the self-services in provision of public transport services gave an analysis what needs to prepare for implement a

  14. The Research on Ticket Fare Optimization for China’s High-Speed Train

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinzi Zheng

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available With the constant deepening of the railway reform in China, the competition between railway passenger transportation and other modes of passenger transportation has been getting fiercer. In this situation, the existing unitary and changeless fare structure gradually becomes the prevention of railway revenue increase and railway system development. This paper examines a new method for ticket fare optimization strategy based on the revenue management theory. On the premise that only one fare grade can be offered for each OD at the same time, this paper addresses the questions of how to determine the number of fare grades and the price of each fare grade. First, on the basis of piecewise pricing strategy, we build a ticket fare optimization model. After transforming this model to a convex program, we solve the original problem by finding the Kuhn-Tucker (K-T point of the convex program. Finally, we verify the proposed method by real data of Beijing-Shanghai HSR line. The calculating result shows that our pricing strategy can not only increase the revenue, but also play a part in regulating the existing demand and stimulating potential demand.

  15. Open Science Grid (OSG) Ticket Synchronization: Keeping Your Home Field Advantage In A Distributed Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Kyle; Hayashi, Soichi; Teige, Scott; Quick, Robert

    2012-12-01

    Large distributed computing collaborations, such as the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG), face many issues when it comes to providing a working grid environment for their users. One of these is exchanging tickets between various ticketing systems in use by grid collaborations. Ticket systems such as Footprints, RT, Remedy, and ServiceNow all have different schema that must be addressed in order to provide a reliable exchange of information between support entities and users in different grid environments. To combat this problem, OSG Operations has created a ticket synchronization interface called GOC-TX that relies on web services instead of error-prone email parsing methods of the past. Synchronizing tickets between different ticketing systems allows any user or support entity to work on a ticket in their home environment, thus providing a familiar and comfortable place to provide updates without having to learn another ticketing system. The interface is built in a way that it is generic enough that it can be customized for nearly any ticketing system with a web-service interface with only minor changes. This allows us to be flexible and rapidly bring new ticket synchronization online. Synchronization can be triggered by different methods including mail, web services interface, and active messaging. GOC-TX currently interfaces with Global Grid User Support (GGUS) for WLCG, Remedy at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL), and Request Tracker (RT) at the Virtual Data Toolkit (VDT). Work is progressing on the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) ServiceNow synchronization. This paper will explain the problems faced by OSG and how they led OSG to create and implement this ticket synchronization system along with the technical details that allow synchronization to be preformed at a production level.

  16. Ticket Office Sexism: The Gender Gap in Pricing for NCAA Division I Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pappano, Laura; Tracy, Allison J.

    2009-01-01

    Tickets to college sports--and men's and women's Division I college basketball in particular--may appear on the surface no different than tickets members of the public may buy to attend professional sporting events. But unlike professional franchises, colleges are non-profit organizations and, in many cases, public institutions. Decisions around…

  17. Development of USES Specific Aptitude Test Battery for Ticket Agent (any ind.) 238.367-026.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utah State Dept. of Employment Security, Salt Lake City. Western Test Development Field Center.

    The United States Employment Service (USES) Specific Aptitude Test Battery (SATB) for Ticket Agent is evaluated from three points of view: (1) technical adequacy of the research; (2) fairness to minorities; and (3) usefulness of the battery to Employment Service staff and employers in selecting individuals for ticket agent positions. Research…

  18. 32 CFR Appendix C to Part 1290 - Ticket Sample-A Moving Violation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Ticket Sample-A Moving Violation C Appendix C to Part 1290 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY.... 1290, App. C Appendix C to Part 1290—Ticket Sample—A Moving Violation EC25OC91.007...

  19. LibAnswers: Analyzing tickets (questions) to improve our library's virtual reference service(s)

    KAUST Repository

    Ramli, Rindra M.

    2017-05-01

    Analyze the questions received in LibAnswers (ticketing system) in order to improve the quality of our virtual reference services. Tickets that were received between June 2015 to April 2017 were analyzed and categorized. It was noted that most questions asked revolved around electronic resources issues as well as circulation/access issues.

  20. 20 CFR 411.350 - Must a State VR agency participate in the Ticket to Work program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Must a State VR agency participate in the... Participation in the Ticket to Work Program § 411.350 Must a State VR agency participate in the Ticket to Work program? A State VR agency may elect, but is not required, to participate in the Ticket to Work program as...

  1. La construcción de Return ticket, de Salvador Novo: el viaje doble

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heladio Colín-Medina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Con base en la narratología, se describe la forma en que el autor / narrador / personaje construye el viaje doble en Return Ticket , y se analiza dicho trayecto en exterior / objetivo e interior / subjetivo. Así se encontró que el primer viaje permite al personaje Salvador —en sus tres facetas de cronista, crítico e historiador— relatar un viaje a Hawái, donde reflexiona sobre el nacionalismo que se estaba gestando en 1928; mientras que el segundo lleva al lector hacia la recreación de una infancia. De modo que el viaje exterior / objetivo es sólo el pretexto para plantear el interior / subjetivo.

  2. Analysis of discrimination pricing of standing tickets%站票定价歧视性问题的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋亚琪

    2015-01-01

    Aiming to solve the hot problem of irrational price setting on standing tickets on the train ,we combined the condition to gain the maximum profit by monopoly with the three degrees price discrimination to analyze price setting for standing ticket .The analysis showed that the price of standing tickets follow s the pricing principle of three degree price discrimination . It brings benefit to the monopoly which is also called the China Railway Company .Meanwhile ,it infringes upon the interests of consumers to some degree .But judging w hether the price discrimi‐nation is effective or not should be based on combination of consumers effect and total social sur‐plus .%针对现阶段热议的关于站票定价不合理的问题,结合垄断厂商利润最大化取得的条件以及三级价格歧视实现的理论依据,对站票的定价做出分析。结果表明,火车票站票的定价遵循了三级价格歧视的定价原则,其在给垄断厂商也就是中国铁路总公司带来收益的同时,也在一定程度上损害了消费者的利益。但是,在断定价格歧视是否有效的时候,还应该在考虑消费者效用的基础上,结合社会总剩余来进行断定。

  3. Dynamically Switching among Bundled and Single Tickets with Time-Dependent Demand Rates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serhan Duran

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The most important market segmentation in sports and entertainment industry is the competition between customers that buy bundled and single tickets. A common selling practice is starting the selling season with bundled ticket sales and switching to selling single tickets later on. The aim of this practice is to increase the number of customers that buy bundles, which in return increases the load factor of the events with low demand. In this paper, we investigate the effect of time dependent demand on dynamic switching times from bundled to single ticket sales and the potential revenue gain over the case where the demand rate of events is assumed to be constant with time.

  4. Ergonomic Assessment and Design of Electronic Ticket Booths in Mashhad City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Razavi

    2015-04-01

    .Conclusion: Vendors of electronic ticket booths are exposed to musculoskeletal and environmental health threats, in Mashhad. Relocating the booths, adjustingcounterand desk height can significantly reduce the risk of mentioned hazards

  5. The impact of e-ticketing technique on customer satisfaction: an empirical analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazen Kamal Qteishat

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Recently, internet technology is considered to be the most used information and communication technology by organizations: it can ease the process of transactions and reinforce the relation between companies and customers. This investigation empirically examines the impact of e-ticketing technique on customer satisfaction; a convenience sample of Jordanian airline passengers that had booked flights in the last 12 months through companies offering e-ticketing services was acquired. The findings indicate that customer satisfaction with e-ticketing services was influenced by all of the independent variables measured (Data security, Customer and Technical Support, and User-Friendliness were noted to have significant impact on customer satisfaction with e-ticketing services.

  6. Function of mobile ticketing car in passenger ticketing%流动售票车在旅客购票中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭丽娟

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzed the railway mobile ticketing car's positioning, advantages, service type, present situation and future prospect. It was clarified that this kind of ticket sale mode in the transportation of Spring Festival play a substitute role. In a certain extent, it eased off the difficulty of passenger ticketing, and played an important and positive role.%本文通过对铁路流动售票车的定位、优势、业务办理类型、运用现状及未来前景进行分析,阐明这种客票发售方式在春运舞台上扮演好了“替补”的角色,在一定程度上缓解了旅客购票难的状况,发挥了不可或缺的积极作用.

  7. IMPLEMENTACION DEL SISTEMA DE GESTION “MODERNIZA†EN LA EMPRESA TICKET CENTER

    OpenAIRE

    Licon Trillo, Lorena Patricia; Magana Magana, Eduardo; Kiessling Davison, Christian Mauricio; Soto Zapata, Manuel; Villarreal Ramirez, Victor Hugo; Zuniga Avila, Gabriel

    2012-01-01

    This study was carried out in a bus transportation company named "Ticket Center" in Delicias,Chihuahua, which offers services such as, sale of tickets to different destinations through the United States, consultancy for the laser visa process, transportation to the American consulate in Ciudad Juarez. The purpose was to implement the Moderniza quality program, which is supported by SECTUR (Ministry of Tourism in México), in order to introduce the company the process of formalization and profe...

  8. Defense Information Systems Agency Management of Trouble Tickets for Electronic Commerce/Electronic Data Interchange

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    received, 15 were requests for quotes. The causes were break down of modems, and failure of computer equipment and software at the Columbus and Ogden...transaction identified on the trouble ticket? Yes 15 No 115 7. Do you have access to the trouble ticket resolution diary at Ogden NEP? Yes 10 No 120 8...Information Systems Agency, Arlington, VA Defense Megacenter Columbus , OH Defense Megacenter Mechanicsburg, PA Defense Megacenter Ogden, UT Non

  9. Latest from TPG - annual tickets for sale at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    Starting in early 2013, TPG’s annual tickets will be for sale at CERN for 650 CHF, instead of the typical 700 CHF. Further details on their sale will be communicated as soon as possible.   With effect from 9 December, the TPG (Transports publics genevois) network will be introducing several improvements to its services:  - The existing 14 tram service (CERN - Bel-Air) will become the 18 (CERN - Stand), and its frequency will be increased to a tram every 10 minutes; - The Y bus service (Ferney-Voltaire-Mairie - Val-Thoiry via CERN and Geneva airport) will also be improved: • from Monday to Friday, there will be a bus every 15 minutes at rush hours (between 6.30 a.m. and 9.30 a.m. and between 4.30 p.m. and 7 p.m.), i.e. an increase of 50%, • on Saturdays, the frequency of this service will be increased to a bus every 45 minutes, • on Sundays, there will be one bus per hour throughout the day between 6 a.m. and midnight. You can consult t...

  10. RANKING THE SPECTATORS’ DIFFICULTIES IN PURCHASING ELECTRONIC TICKETS OF FOOTBALL PREMIER LEAGUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Narimani

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to rank the spectators’ difficulties in buying electronic tickets of football premier league matches at Azadi stadium. The population consisted of all spectators of Esteghlal-Persepolis match in the fifteenth league at Azadi stadium (N= 100000. According to Morgan table and using simple random sampling method, 500 participants were selected as sample. A researcher-made questionnaire was used for collecting the data; its face validity was confirmed by 15 experts and performing a pilot study on 30 subjects, its Cronbach’s alpha was calculated to be 0.86. Using SPSS 22, the descriptive and inferential (including Friedman test statistics was applied for analyzing the data. The findings showed that there was a significant difference between rankings of difficulties in buying electronic tickets of Football premier league matches at Azadi Stadium. The difficulties were ranked as: problem in ticket systems, early selling out of electronic tickets, lack of confidence to electronic ticket sale, lack of skill to work with the internet, low speed of internet, and lack of access to the internet

  11. 20 CFR 411.320 - What are an EN's responsibilities as a participant in the Ticket to Work program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What are an EN's responsibilities as a... ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Employment Networks § 411.320 What are an EN's responsibilities as a participant in the Ticket to Work program? An EN must— (a) Enter into an agreement with...

  12. 20 CFR 411.570 - Can an EN request payment from the beneficiary who assigned a ticket to the EN?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can an EN request payment from the beneficiary who assigned a ticket to the EN? 411.570 Section 411.570 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY... an EN request payment from the beneficiary who assigned a ticket to the EN? No. Section 1148(b)(4)...

  13. Industrial Marketing in Sport: Understanding Season Ticket Renewal Across Account Types

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clinton J. Warren

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the first to extend industrial (or business-to-business marketing principles to the market for traditional season tickets. In doing so, a three-dimensional characterization of the season ticket holder (STH is developed and provides a new foundation upon which market segmentation and ticket sales initiatives can be built. This study then uses this new framework to segment and examine the key renewal factor differences across STH account types. Specifically, group differences on perceived venue related and non-venue related barriers to renewal, overall product quality, and account representative relationship quality are analyzed. This study finds business-to-consumer (B2C accounts are more concerned with product quality and typical barriers to purchase as they consider renewing their account for the following season than business-to-business (B2B accounts. Additionally, this study finds B2C accounts report higher levels of intention to renew than B2B accounts.

  14. Lottery ticket preferences as indicated by the variation in the number of winners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Nigel E

    2010-09-01

    Many gamblers believe that it is possible to find a strategy to beat the lottery including selecting numbers that are due to come up or looking for a bias in past numbers. In this paper, we examine sales figures and variations in the number of winners for the various prize levels of a popular Canadian lottery to detect lottery ticket preferences. It was determined that the lottery outcomes conformed well to a random outcome. No evidence of either a bias myth or due to come up myth was found. However ticket popularity indicated a marked preference for the number 7 and low numbers, and the avoidance of high numbers and adjacent numbers. In addition we found a linear and a quadratic relationship between past frequency of the numbers and ticket popularity indicating a belief in both the due to come up and the bias myths. The findings suggest strong non-random preferences in the selection of lottery numbers.

  15. Improving The Performance of Customer Loyalty of Online Ticketing in Indonesia's Showbiz Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dachyar, M.; Athory, E. S.

    2015-06-01

    Currently the entertainment industry is adopting online ticketing for supporting business from main products to profitability improvement. E-loyalty needs to be examined because are deals with less loyal customer characteristic. The sample are 249 customers whom have purchased for tickets online at least once. Data was gathered by questionnaires and analyzed by Path Analysis and Importance - Performance Analysis. The findings of the research indicate that satisfaction has the strongest relationship to e-loyalty. This study provides four improvement alternatives as a form of new business development strategy for showbiz industry in Indonesia.

  16. NFC Secure Payment and Verification Scheme with CS E-Ticket

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Fan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available As one of the most important techniques in IoT, NFC (Near Field Communication is more interesting than ever. NFC is a short-range, high-frequency communication technology well suited for electronic tickets, micropayment, and access control function, which is widely used in the financial industry, traffic transport, road ban control, and other fields. However, NFC is becoming increasingly popular in the relevant field, but its secure problems, such as man-in-the-middle-attack and brute force attack, have hindered its further development. To address the security problems and specific application scenarios, we propose a NFC mobile electronic ticket secure payment and verification scheme in the paper. The proposed scheme uses a CS E-Ticket and offline session key generation and distribution technology to prevent major attacks and increase the security of NFC. As a result, the proposed scheme can not only be a good alternative to mobile e-ticket system but also be used in many NFC fields. Furthermore, compared with other existing schemes, the proposed scheme provides a higher security.

  17. 36 CFR 242.6 - Licenses, permits, harvest tickets, tags, and reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Licenses, permits, harvest tickets, tags, and reports. 242.6 Section 242.6 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE... permits (Federal Subsistence Registration Permit or Federal Designated Harvester Permit) required...

  18. A Practical Set-Membership Proof for Privacy-Preserving NFC Mobile Ticketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arfaoui Ghada

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available To ensure the privacy of users in transport systems, researchers are working on new protocols providing the best security guarantees while respecting functional requirements of transport operators. In this paper1, we design a secure NFC m-ticketing protocol for public transport that preserves users’ anonymity and prevents transport operators from tracing their customers’ trips. To this end, we introduce a new practical set-membership proof that does not require provers nor verifiers (but in a specific scenario for verifiers to perform pairing computations. It is therefore particularly suitable for our (ticketing setting where provers hold SIM/UICC cards that do not support such costly computations. We also propose several optimizations of Boneh-Boyen type signature schemes, which are of independent interest, increasing their performance and efficiency during NFC transactions. Our m-ticketing protocol offers greater flexibility compared to previous solutions as it enables the post-payment and the off-line validation of m-tickets. By implementing a prototype using a standard NFC SIM card, we show that it fulfils the stringent functional requirement imposed by transport operators whilst using strong security parameters. In particular, a validation can be completed in 184.25ms when the mobile is switched on, and in 266.52ms when the mobile is switched off or its battery is flat.

  19. Value and Audience Relationships: Tate’s Ticketed Exhibitions 2014–15

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariza Dima

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this report Mariza Dima sets out the findings of a research project examining the experiential and educational value of Tate’s ticketed exhibitions to its audiences. Exhibition planning, the contributions of small and medium-sized enterprises and the museum’s data-gathering practices are explored, taking the 2014 exhibitions Late Turner and Malevich as case studies.

  20. Code it rite the first time : automated invoice processing solution designed to ensure validity to field ticket coding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandler, G.

    2010-03-15

    An entrepreneur who ran 55 rigs for a major oilfield operator in Calgary has developed a solution for the oil industry that reduces field ticketing errors from 40 per cent to almost none. The Code-Rite not only simplifies field ticketing but can eliminate weeks of trying to balance authorization for expenditure (AFE) numbers. A service provider who wants a field ticket signed for billing purposes following a service call to a well site receives all pertinent information on a barcode that includes AFE number, location, routing, approval authority and mailing address. Attaching the label to the field ticket provides all the invoicing information needed. This article described the job profile, education and life experiences and opportunities that led the innovator to develop this technology that solves an industry-wide problem. Code-Rite is currently being used by 3 large upstream oil and gas operators and plans are underway to automate the entire invoice processing system. 1 fig.

  1. The Awakening of Feminist Consciousness in D. H. Lawrence’s Tickets, Please

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Lin-hui

    2016-01-01

    D. H. Lawrence’s“Tickets, Please”displays a wartime love story between Coddy and Annie. In their love affairs, Cod-dy, the man of impotence deems his freedom much as before while Annie switches back to the traditional female role to consider marriage as the ultimate goal. In“Tickets, Please”, the incidental effects of progress on humanity are shown through the Lawren-tian central theme of the relationship between men and women. Here, the weaker sex and the stronger sex are respectively and ironically embodied by Annie Stone and John Thomas Raynor. This paper analyzes the wartime setting, the tram girls and the love struggle between Annie and Coddy. Through these analyses, the paper reveals the awakening of feminist consciousness in the story.

  2. Ticket Pricing in Railway Passenger Transport:Bi-level Programming Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZiyouGao; JianhuaChen

    2004-01-01

    Besides of considering of the maximization of public interest, the benefit of passengers and railway enterprises are both considered and a bi-level programming approach is presented in order to seek the optimal railway passenger-ticket pricing strategy under the condition of competition among different intercity traffic modes. There are two bi-level programming problems. One bi-level problem is to determine a railway passenger-ticket average price strategy to meet .the objective of maximizing the consumer surplus under the condition of multi-modal transportation with elastic demand. The other bi-level problem is to determine the price of different kinds of the passenger trains to meet the objective of maximizing the railway revenue where the average price and the demand of the railway is determined. A heuristic algorithm for the two bi-level programming models is also proposed. Finally the applications of the model and its algorithm are illustrated with a numerical example.

  3. L’accesso alle chiese aperte al culto: fruizione cultuale, fruizione turistica, questione del ticket

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Franceschi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Contributo sottoposto a valutazioneSOMMARIO: 1. Premessa. Posizione del problema - 2. La duplice natura della chiesa-edificio: bene liturgico e bene culturale ecclesiale. Problematiche discendenti dal possibile interagire, in ordine alla fruibilità degli edifici di culto monumentali, della dimensione cultuale e di quella culturale - 3. Il ticket d’ingresso e la “gestione museale” delle chiese: alcuni dati sulla diffusione del fenomeno - 4. Le ragioni a favore del ticket d’ingresso. I benefici ricavabili dagli introiti della bigliettazione. Considerazioni critiche - 5. Le ragioni contrarie: a il necessario rispetto delle esigenze di natura religiosa e pastorale - 6. (segue b le motivazioni giuridiche: elementi di contrasto con la normativa canonica e civile sulle chiese aperte al culto pubblico - 7. (segue c le ragioni di opportunità: l’odiosità della prassi del ticket nella percezione dell’opinione pubblica - 8. I richiami della Commissione paritetica e le iniziative della Conferenza Episcopale Italiana - 9. La nota del Consiglio Episcopale Permanente della CEI: cosa cambia (ma qualcosa cambia davvero? - 10. Riflessioni a margine della nota. Valore giuridico del documento e valenza del richiamo, in esso contenuto, all’osservanza del principio dell’accesso gratuito alle chiese aperte al culto.  Il turismo religioso-culturale come opportunità pastorale (prima ancora che economica - 11 (segue Eliminazione della prassi del ticket e valorizzazione di altre possibili forme di introito legate al turismo religioso - 12. (segue Offerte volontarie, fund raising, sfruttamento dell’indotto - 13. Fruizione differenziata degli edifici di culto monumentali in ragione dei diversi possibili utenti e ipotesi straordinarie di possibile mantenimento del ticket - 14. Promozione e valorizzazione, anche in senso economico, degli edifici di culto monumentali e ruolo delle comunità cristiane. Il volontariato come strumento per garantire il

  4. 20 CFR 411.325 - What reporting requirements are placed on an EN as a participant in the Ticket to Work program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... EN as a participant in the Ticket to Work program? 411.325 Section 411.325 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL... employment to determine if a beneficiary is using a ticket for purposes of suspending continuing disability... assignment. Such reports shall conform to a national model prescribed by us and shall be submitted to the PM...

  5. 20 CFR 411.385 - What does a State VR agency do if a beneficiary who is eligible for VR services has a ticket that...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What does a State VR agency do if a beneficiary who is eligible for VR services has a ticket that is available for assignment or reassignment? 411... a State VR agency do if a beneficiary who is eligible for VR services has a ticket that is available...

  6. Plane Ticket Price Dispersion in the Online Selling System in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Stanisław Szopiński

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Many authors have studied the influence exerted by tourism on the economy. Today, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT are an important factor influencing competitiveness in the tourism sector and consumers’ decision-making concerning tourism purchases. Along with the expansion of the European Union, the revolution in passenger air transportation has spread over new member states in Central and Eastern Europe, including Poland. The authors of this study analyzed ticket prices on Internet websites that aggregate offers from different carriers and on the websites managed by the carriers themselves, specifically studying offers for the most popular flight connections from F. Chopin airport in Warsaw to London, Frankfurt, Munich, and Paris. For each connection, the study examined flights operated by the Polish carrier, i.e., LOT Polish Airlines, and by a carrier originating from a destination country. The analysis of the particular coefficients illustrating the price dispersion for each flight operated by a foreign carrier in comparison to the offer from LOT Polish Airlines points to the conclusion that the tickets offered by the latter were marked by a much narrower price dispersion in contrast to the connections offered by foreign carriers on the same route.

  7. The Ticket to Work Program: Employment Networks' Views on Serving Beneficiaries Who are Blind or Visually Impaired

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capella-McDonnall, Michele E.

    2005-01-01

    This article reports on a survey of the opinions of employment networks (ENs) about serving social security beneficiaries who are blind or visually impaired under the Ticket to Work program. Although most of the 267 ENs who participated in the survey expressed concerns about working with those who are blind or visually impaired, they did not seem…

  8. Effectiveness of the Ticket to Work Program for Beneficiaries Who Are Blind or Have Low Vision: Comparisons with Other Beneficiaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capella-McDonnall, Michele

    2007-01-01

    The Ticket to Work (TTW) program is a federally funded program meant to assist persons who receive disability benefits from the Social Security Administration (SSA) in obtaining employment, with the ultimate goal of terminating SSA benefits and thereby providing a cost savings for the government. With its focus on employment, the TTW program would…

  9. 9 CFR 201.49 - Requirements regarding scale tickets evidencing weighing of livestock, live poultry, and feed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... evidencing weighing of livestock, live poultry, and feed. 201.49 Section 201.49 Animals and Animal Products... regarding scale tickets evidencing weighing of livestock, live poultry, and feed. (a) Livestock. When... the weigher. (b) Poultry. When live poultry is weighed for the purpose of purchase, sale,...

  10. 41 CFR 102-118.92 - How does my agency handle receipts, tickets or other records of cash payments?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... handle receipts, tickets or other records of cash payments? 102-118.92 Section 102-118.92 Public... records of cash payments? Your agency must ensure that its employees keep the original receipts for transportation purchases over $75.00 made with cash. If it is impractical to furnish receipts in any instance...

  11. 20 CFR 411.510 - How is the State VR agency paid under the Ticket to Work program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How is the State VR agency paid under the... VR agency paid under the Ticket to Work program? (a) The State VR agency's payment choices are described in § 411.355. (b) The State VR agency's decision to serve the beneficiary must be communicated to...

  12. 20 CFR 411.220 - What if my ticket is no longer assigned to an EN or State VR agency?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... EN or State VR agency? 411.220 Section 411.220 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE... or State VR agency? (a) If your ticket was once assigned to an EN or State VR agency acting as an EN... § 411.145(a)) or because you relocated to an area not served by your previous EN or State VR agency; or...

  13. Looking for the European Voter: Split-Ticket Voting in the Belgian Regional and European Elections of 2009 and 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camille Kelbel

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available While European elections are often seen as remote from EU issues, considerations specifically linked to the EU came to the forefront in the wake of the 2014 European elections: the economic and financial crisis, the new process of designation of the European Commission President, and the alleged increase of Eurosceptic votes. This increased salience of political debates about the EU asks for a reconsideration of the ‘second-order nature’ of European elections. In this context, as in 2009, the Belgian electorate voted for the regional and European levels on the very same day. Belgian voters were thus offered the opportunity to split their ticket between both levels. This allows comparing the occurrence and determinants of these ‘immediate switching’ behaviours in 2014 with those of the presumably less politicized EP elections in 2009. We do that by employing the 2009 and 2014 PartiRep Election Study data. On the one hand, the article shows that split-ticket voting cannot be explained by economic voting, European identity, and attitudes towards integration in 2014. On the other hand, the unique configuration of the Belgian elections enables us to observe that the introduction of Spitzenkandidaten did enhance split-ticket voting for voters who could directly vote for this candidate (in Flanders, while this did not increase split-ticket voting among voters who could only indirectly support the candidate (in Wallonia.

  14. Hot Tickets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Bette-Lee; Hoffert, Barbara; Kuzyk, Raya; McCormack, Heather; Williams, Wilda

    2008-01-01

    This article describes the highlights of this year's BookExpo America (BEA) held at the Los Angeles Convention Center. The attendees at BEA had not minded that the air was recycled, the lighting was fluorescent, and the food was bad. The first hot book sighting came courtesy of Anne Rice. Michelle Moran, author of newly published novel, "The…

  15. Incriminating Research of Contrary to the Principle of Honesty and Credit in Market Economy——based on point of view of the Crimes of cheating loan,bills acceptance,finance tickets%市场经济中违背诚实信用原则行为的入罪化研究——以骗取贷款、票据承兑、金融票证罪为视点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘箭

    2012-01-01

    In market economic activities,the principal must abide by the principle of honesty and credit.For serious breaches of the principle of honesty and credit acts harmful to personal and national interests,on the regulation of crimina law should apply.the Crimes of cheating loan,bills acceptance,finance tickets issued is the embodiment of this principle in judicial practice.%市场经济活动中,主体必须要恪守诚实信用原则。对严重违背诚实信用原则损害个人和国家利益的行为,应适用刑法对其规制。骗取贷款、票据承兑、金融票证罪的出台是这一原则在司法实践中的体现。

  16. Secured Data Encoding Technique in High Capacity Color Barcodes for M-Ticket Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Akila

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aim is to increase the capacity of barcode (i.e. Number of data bits embedded inside barcode will be increased by encoding data through orientation modulation in elliptical dot array. BARCODES that encode digital data on physical media are commonly utilized in commercial applications for tracing/tracking of trade items, in security applications for linking personal documents with a user, or in other applications as an auxiliary channel to encode additional information on a physical medium. which are fundamentally analog, these methods can add security and functionality and features that are associated with digital techniques at the expense of consuming space on the media. For instance, in personal IDs, driving licenses and passports, high capacity can enable the encoding of a sample speech signal, a picture, or other identifying personal information which in turn may be used to establish authenticity of the user. Care must, however, be exercised in designing color barcodes to ensure that they are robust to variations in the color printing and scanning processes, which have a greater impact when considering color rather than black/white reproduction and capture.2D bar codes are being considered for new emerging applications such as M-ticketing, where they carry selected information of a ticket that is received via a mobile phone; reliable and secure personal identification, where they store personal biometric data on the identification document; and visual communications with side information, where they can be used as an auxiliary channel conveying additional data for improving visual communications.

  17. The Fraud Commission Process of Purchasing Tickets via Internet and Countermeasure Analysis%网络购票诈骗的作案过程及侦防对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄首华; 袁华

    2012-01-01

      网络购票诈骗是利用互联网通过制作虚假网站或者隐瞒事实真相的方法,骗取购票者财物的行为。近些年来,网络购票诈骗案件频频发生,并且屡打不止。作为网络经济发展的“副产物”,网络购票诈骗有其智能性、隐蔽性等特点。根据此类犯罪的特点及作案手段,不难分析出此类犯罪的作案流程。针对此类犯罪,应根据其特性实施有针对性的侦查策略,从而及时抓获犯罪嫌疑人,避免更多的人上当受骗。此外,还应加大宣传,提高人们的防范意识。%  Internet fraud is a behavior of faking a web and concealing the truth via Internet to cheat the ticket purchasers. In recent years, the incidence of ticketing fraud via Internet is high and has not been curbed though combats are frequent. As a side product of Internet economic development, the ticketing fraud via Internet has characteristics of intelligence and concealment. Based on the characteristics of the crime and modus operandi, it is not difficult to identify the crime commission process. Targeting the crime and according to its characteristics, the police should use investigative tactics to catch the criminal suspects and prevent more people from being defrauded. In addition, it is necessary to make greater efforts to improve people’s preventive awareness.

  18. Discussion on optimization of ticket forms and front-end equipments of Railway Ticketing and Reservation System%铁路客票系统票制及前端设备优化探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘正自

    2012-01-01

    China's Railway Ticketing and Reservation System(TRS) was being upgraded in order to achieve real-name ticketing, online booking, telephone booking and non-cash payments. To maximize the effectiveness of TRS upgrade, the paper discussed the optimization of ticket forms, and proposed that the railway tickets should be applied "second-generation ID card add voucher" mode. Through the discussion to the optimization of station front-end equipments of TRS, pointed out that the number of front-end equipments at large and medium-sized stations should be reduced, and that the ticket vending machines at the station should be divided into three types of functional requirements, to reduce the front-end equipments cost of TRS. Brief benefit analysis showed that optimized front-end equipment could bring considerable economic benefits for TRS of large and medium-sized station.%中国铁路正在对客票发售和预定系统(简称客票系统)进行升级改造,以实现实名制购票、网上订票、电话订票和非现金支付.为充分发挥客票系统升级改造的效能,本文对客票票制进行了优化探讨,建议铁路客票采用“二代身份证+报销凭据”模式.通过对车站客票系统前端设备优化探讨,指出大、中型车站前端设备数量可以适当减少,车站售票机宜按功能需求划分为3种类型,以降低客票系统前端设备造价.简要效益分析表明,对大、中型车站客票系统前端设备优化可以带来可观的经济效益.

  19. 中国2010上海EXPO门票Inlay规范及测试方法的研究与实践%STUDY AND PRACTICE ON TICKET Inlay NORMALISATION AND TESTING M[ETHOD FOR EXPO 2010 SHANGHAI CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章曙

    2011-01-01

    关干RFID电子标签Inlay标准及其测试方法的发布鲜有报道.通过中国2010年上海世博会门票Inlay的制作经历,阐述了Inlay质量的重要性,研究和提出了RFID电子标签Inlay的一些规范要求和相应的测试方法,并在中国2010年上海世博会门票系统中得到成功应用.%Papers about the standard of RFID electronic tag Inlay and its testing method are seldom read so far. In this paper, the importance of Inlay quality is expounded, some normalisation requirements and corresponding testing methods of RFID electronic tag Inlay have been studied and practiced as well,both are based on the tickets making experiences on EXPO 2010 SHANGHAI CHINA,and they have all been successfully applied in the ticket system of the EXPO.

  20. Designing a ticket to ride with the Cognitive Work Analysis Design Toolkit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Read, Gemma J M; Salmon, Paul M; Lenné, Michael G; Jenkins, Daniel P

    2015-01-01

    Cognitive work analysis has been applied in the design of numerous sociotechnical systems. The process used to translate analysis outputs into design concepts, however, is not always clear. Moreover, structured processes for translating the outputs of ergonomics methods into concrete designs are lacking. This paper introduces the Cognitive Work Analysis Design Toolkit (CWA-DT), a design approach which has been developed specifically to provide a structured means of incorporating cognitive work analysis outputs in design using design principles and values derived from sociotechnical systems theory. This paper outlines the CWA-DT and describes its application in a public transport ticketing design case study. Qualitative and quantitative evaluations of the process provide promising early evidence that the toolkit fulfils the evaluation criteria identified for its success, with opportunities for improvement also highlighted. The Cognitive Work Analysis Design Toolkit has been developed to provide ergonomics practitioners with a structured approach for translating the outputs of cognitive work analysis into design solutions. This paper demonstrates an application of the toolkit and provides evaluation findings.

  1. The Viral Concept: the Winning Ticket of the Romanian Online Advertising Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The connection between the steady development of the Internet in Romania in the last five years, as channel of transmitting the marketing message, and the viral concept, as method of transmitting the message, may become the winning ticket for the Romanian online advertising market. Thus, in the current socio-economic context, any company who wishes to be successful in the virtual space cannot ignore the viral marketing techniques for several reasons. Firstly, we are talking about the profile of Internet users who tend to constitute a new social group. Secondly, we are talking about the thirst for information. And, last but not least, we are talking about the appetite for online chatting, statistics showing that 62% of the Roma-nian Internet users consider it a very "savory" information channel. This article tries to explain, in brief, what viral marketing is, which are its peculiarities, advantages, risks, as well as the limitations of its use, and which the strategies of a viral marketing campaign are. We will illustrate by giving successful examples from the Romanian online market.

  2. European Integration of Ukraine: Tool for Internal Reform, Source of Problems or Pass Ticket to EU Membership?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleh Poshedin

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite the signing of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, there would seem to be no alternative to the European choice for Ukraine, given the current Russian aggression; there are different views on the objectives and results of the European integration of Ukraine. This article examines three of the most common points of view related to this process: European integration as a tool for internal transformation in Ukraine; European integration as a pass ticket to the EU membership; European integration as a source of problems in Ukraine.

  3. 摸彩决策的数学模型%The Mathematical Model of Scheme to Draw the Tickets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚云飞; 邱国新

    2001-01-01

    生活中,摸彩的人们总以为越先摸,中彩的可能性越大,其实不然!为此本文从概率角度建立了数学模型,证明了每个摸彩者中彩的机会均等,与先后摸彩顺序无关. 同时,通过分析在中彩时,已摸过的彩票数目的数学期望,向彩票发行者提出了几点建议.%In daily day, people drawing the lottery tickets at random, assume that the earlier they draw, the more likely they are to win the prize. Acctually, that is not the case! The chances to win the prize are demonstrated, by making mathematcal model at the angle of probability, eaqual to everyone, but nothing to do with the order to draw in. At the same time, according to analysis the mathematic expectation of the number of drawed tickets, this essay is trying to raise some advice for the department responsible for the work to conside.

  4. The Role of Involvement and Pride in Price Bundling Consumption Decisions: A Study on Soccer Match Tickets in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Hoffmann Sampaio

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the influence of price bundling on decision to buy and consume soccer match tickets in Brazil, also testing the effect that pride and involvement play in purchase decisions. The marketing literature shows solid evidence that price bundling influences consumers decisions. Therefore, studies found the occurrence of a phenomenon called transaction decoupling which involves the level of coupling of costs and benefits of consumption situations and could be a strong motivational factor moderating in this relationship. In the sports context, another variable that may influence on fans is pride. This sentiment is the keystone of sports consumption and the fans are driven by it. Thereby, the involvement and pride variables are tested as possible moderating effects on soccer matches tickets consumption. We designed an experiment to test these relationships. Results indicate a direct effect of involvement on transaction decoupling, but not of price bundling or pride. People more highly involved with soccer game were more likely to attend matches due to their greater attention to irrecoverable costs, and experience more pain, regret, repurchase intention and sense of waste than less involved individuals. Performance does not seem to influence people’s decision-making process, as it is merely one of the antecedents in rooting for a team. The main contribution of this paper is show that coupling of transaction costs and benefits can be motivated by the intensity of the relationship between an individual and a sports objective.  

  5. 天津地铁票制票价体系研究%Study on Ticket Fare System of Tianjin Metro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小春; 保鲁昆

    2015-01-01

    本文首先通过对北京、上海、广州等国内主要城市地铁票制、票价特点的对比、分析,参考国外一些城市地铁票制、票价制定的策略和考虑的因素,引出了地铁票制、票价制定的原则:需要综合考虑社会公益性、票价公平性、市场竞争性和调价动态性.然后对天津地铁票制、票价系统进行了探讨,提出了调整天津地铁分段计程票制、加强与公交票价联程配合、推广多种优惠票的建议.%Firstly, we analysis the subway ticket fare system of Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other major domestic cities, and we also reference some foreigncity subway fare. Then, we introduce the ticket fare formulation strategies and other fare principles: the need to consider the socialcommonweal, fare fairness, market competition and price dynamics. And then we studied Tianjin subway fare system and proposed some suggestions:adjustment of Tianjin subway sectional metered fare, strengthen cooperation, and promoting a variety ofpreferential ticket bus ticket connecting.

  6. 20 CFR 411.400 - Can an EN to which a beneficiary's ticket is assigned refer the beneficiary to a State VR agency...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... assigned refer the beneficiary to a State VR agency for services? 411.400 Section 411.400 Employees... Rehabilitation Agencies' Participation Referrals by Employment Networks to State Vr Agencies § 411.400 Can an EN to which a beneficiary's ticket is assigned refer the beneficiary to a State VR agency for services...

  7. 20 CFR 411.520 - How are beneficiaries whose tickets are assigned to an EN affected by a change in that EN's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... assigned to an EN affected by a change in that EN's elected payment system? 411.520 Section 411.520... Employment Network Payment Systems § 411.520 How are beneficiaries whose tickets are assigned to an EN affected by a change in that EN's elected payment system? A change in an EN's (or State VR...

  8. A Brief Discussion of D.H. Lawrence’s Minimization of the Importance of Ration in Tickets,Please and The Horse Dealer’s Daughter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张潇

    2014-01-01

    <正>In the two short stories Tickets,Please and The Horse Dealer’s Daughter,D.H.Laurence does minimize the importance of ration or rational thought as he doesn’t describe the characters who are able to think properly.Instead,they more often than not resort to emotion or strong willpower:

  9. Linear Regression Analysis on Proportion of One-Way Ticket Use in Chengdu Metro%成都地铁单程票使用比例的线性回归分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡靓

    2012-01-01

    Proportion of one-way ticket use in the subway not only relates to passenger purchasing of tickets,journey time,but also relates to AFC use efficiency and life of mechanical components of equipment,having a direct impact on pressure of ticketing operations.Forecast on proportion of one-way ticket offers great help for ticket marketing and decision- making on passenger traffic organization.Establishing a mathematical model for one-way ticket use proportion also plays a guiding role for the future of ticketing operation statistics.%单程票的使用比例不仅关系到地铁乘客出行的购票、乘车时间,还关系到AFC系统的使用效率和设备机械部件的寿命,对票务运营的压力也产生直接的影响。预测单程票使用比例对票务营销、客运组织决策有很大帮助。针对单程票使用比例建立数学模型,为今后的票务运营统计工作起一定的指导作用。

  10. Interaction Design of Metro Automatic Ticket Vending System%地铁自动售票系统交互设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈虹; 张微

    2012-01-01

    In China, metro is playing an increasingly important role in the process of urban development. However, how to a-chieve more humanized goal, effective management and rational design are always the highlights. Most designs of metro facilities lay more attention on hardware technology and physical function, less attention is given to the research of users' psychology, travel mode and the rationality of facilities' use. Hence the insufficient functions in metro service. Metro automatic ticket vending system (ATVS) is based on interaction design methodologies and focuses on the needs of passengers. Through holistic analysis on interactive interfaces, user's psychology, identification and behavior features related to the performance of ATVS, advices for improving the function of rail transit facilities and the development of interaction design are proposed.%现阶段,地铁设施设计多注重硬件技术和物理功能的实现,对使用者的使用心理、使用方式、使用过程的合理性研究相对不足,造成地铁设施功能的不完善.以交互设计方法为研究基础,以用户研究为核心,通过对地铁自动售票机系统用户生理、识别与行为特征的分析,探索地铁自动售票机的设计改进策略.

  11. Outcomes of road traffic injuries before and after the implementation of a camera ticketing system: a retrospective study from a large trauma center in Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alghnam, Suliman; Alkelya, Muhamad; Alfraidy, Moath; Al-Bedah, Khalid; Albabtain, Ibrahim Tawfiq; Alshenqeety, Omar

    2017-01-01

    Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the third leading cause of death in Saudi Arabia. Because speed is a major risk factor for severe crash-related injuries, a camera ticketing system was implemented countrywide in mid-2010 by the traffic police in an effort to improve traffic safety. There are no published studies on the effects of the system in Saudi Arabia. To examine injury severity and associated mortality at a large trauma center before and after the implementation of the ticketing system. Retrospective, analytical. Trauma center of a tertiary care center in Riyadh. The study included all trauma registry patients seen in the emergency department for a crash-related injury (automobile occupants, pedestrians, or motorcyclists) between January 2005 and December 2014. Associations with outcome measures were assessed by univariate and multivariate methods. Injury severity score (ISS), Glasgow coma scale (GCS) and mortality. The study included all trauma registry patients seen in the emergency department for a crash-related injury. All health outcomes improved in the period following implementation of the ticketing system. Following implementation, ISS scores decreased (-3.1, 95% CI -4.6, -1.6) and GCS increased (0.47, 95% CI 0.08, 0.87) after adjusting for other covariates. The odds of death were 46% lower following implementation than before implementation. When the data were log-transformed to account for skewed data distributions, the results remained statistically significant. This study suggests positive health implications following the implementation of the camera ticketing system. Further investment in public health interventions is warranted to reduce preventable RTIs. The study findings represent a trauma center at a single hospital in Riyadh, which may not generalize to the Saudi population.

  12. A STUDY ON THE CHARACTERISTICS OF MR. WILLY WONKA THAT SET UP THE STAGES OF THE GOLDEN TICKET CHILDREN IN ROALD DAHL'S CHARLIE AND CHOCOLATE FACTORY

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The goal of this graduating paper is to know how the unconsciousness minds and habits linking to each other. It discusses the mind that triggers characters behavior in the Charlie and Chocolate Factory. The writer focuses on the children who get the golden tickets and the owner of the Chocolate Factory (Mr. Willy Wonka).According to Willbur S Scott with his Psychoanalysis Theory on Fictitious Characters, he stated that we can look further about the pattern which motivates the character to exp...

  13. The Application of Electronic Ticket System for Tourist Attractions%旅游景区电子门票系统应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刁志波

    2012-01-01

    电子门票是借助信息化技术形成的一个智能化的管理系统,它包括电子门票制作、销售、验票、统计、景区内客流监控、景区资源开发决策等各个环节。电子门票系统具有先进的防伪功能,现代化的全自动票务管理。并与电子商务充分对接,更能发挥全面的营销功能。旅游景区使用电子门票系统,可以极大地提高旅游景区的现代化和智能化管理水平。%Electronic ticket system is an intelligentized management system with the help of information technology, which involves in the process of ticket fabrication, selling, and checking;, monitoring on the tourists flow inside a scenic area; decision-making of scenic resource development. The system could play the full-scale marketing role with the advanced anti-counterfeiting function, modernized full-auto- matic ticket administration, and a linkage with electronic business. By using this system, the modernized and intelligentized management level of scenic spots could be greatly promoted.

  14. Institutional Design of Tourism-Ticket%论旅游消费券的制度设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王跃武

    2012-01-01

    Tourism-ticket can play an important role not only in the course of overcoming economic crisis, but also in the development of tourism industry. So, it is necessary to form stable institutional arrangements, following the principles of property rights, burdening limits, leverage effect, and fairness.%旅游消费券不仅克服了经济危机影响的短期内有效利用,而且形成了稳定性的制度来发挥长期的作用.在遵循产权原则、承受能力原则、吸引力与杠杆原则、兼顾公益性与盈利性原则与公平性原则的前提下,从发放主体、受益客体、发放数量与票面金额、发放方式等方面进行合理系统的设计.

  15. A network-based ranking system for American college football

    CERN Document Server

    Park, J; Park, Juyong

    2005-01-01

    American college football faces a conflict created by the desire to stage national championship games between the best teams of a season when there is no conventional playoff system to decide which those teams are. Instead, ranking of teams is based on their record of wins and losses during the season, but each team plays only a small fraction of eligible opponents, making the system underdetermined or contradictory or both. It is an interesting challenge to create a ranking system that at once is mathematically well-founded, gives results in general accord with received wisdom concerning the relative strengths of the teams, and is based upon intuitive principles, allowing it to be accepted readily by fans and experts alike. Here we introduce a one-parameter ranking method that satisfies all of these requirements and is based on a network representation of college football schedules.

  16. 宁夏电网智能操作票系统的开发应用%Development and application of smart operation ticket system for Ningxia Power Grid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马冬冬; 房娟; 程彩艳; 施嘉峰

    2012-01-01

    In order to satisfy the demand of smart grid, according to IEC 61970 CIM standard, using SVG graphic standard builds up power grid model, applying expert system theory constructs smart ticket opening model, adopting object-oriented crossed platform edit technology finishes the develop- ment of smart operation ticket system for Ningxia Power Grid. The result shows that smart operation ticket system for Ningxia Power Grid reduces dispatchers' burden, regulates the flow process of dis- patching work, avoides misoperation accident due to wrong operation ticket, meets the demand of intel- lectualization and reliability of the operation ticket.%为了适应智能电网的要求,按照IEC61970CIM标准,利用SVG图形标准建立电网模型,应用专家系统理论构建智能开票模型,使用面向对象的跨平台编程技术完成了宁夏电网调度智能操作票系统的开发。结果表明:宁夏电网智能操作票系统减轻了调度员的负担,规范了调度工作流程,避免了由于错误操作票导致的误操作事故,达到了操作票智能化和可靠性的要求。

  17. 2014-2015赛季中国男子篮球职业联赛季后赛各参赛球队攻、防能力比较研究%Comparative Analysis on CBA Teams' Offense and Defense Strength in 2014 -2015 Season Playoff

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱焱; 周殿学

    2016-01-01

    By using the method of literature review ,mathematical statistics and RSR ,this paper makes statistical analysis on playoff basketball eight teams' offensive and defensive technical indicators in 2014 -2015 season China Basketball Association (CBA ) .The result shows that in the offensive ,eight teams can be divided into different levels ,Beijing and Liaoning belong to level A ,Qingdao ,Guangdong ,Shanxi were in the level B ,and Jilin ,Dongguan ,Zhejiang at the level C ;on the defensive end ,Beijing and Guangdong team at level A ,Liaoning and Zhejiang in the level B ,and others are below level B .However ,in the offensive and defensive strength , Beijing and Liaoning teams' offensive and defensive capabilities of the RSR values were higher than 0 .8 ,which belong to level A .Guangdong team defense RSR value was 0 .75 ,which be-long to level B ,Qingdao and Zhejiang teams' offense and defense RSR values were 0 .56 , 0 .50 ,which belong to level C ,while Jilin ,Shanxi ,Dongguan teams' offense and defense RSR values between 0 .25~0 .32 ,which belong to level D .The correlation coefficient of 8 teams in the attack and defense ability of the playoff performance ranking is R= 0 .786 ( P< 0 .05) ,and they were significantly related .Comparing with the Beijing team in CBA finals ,the Liaoning team is not as good as Beijing on the offensive side except the free throw ,offensive rebounds and abroad ,and there is a highly significant differences ( P< 0 .01 ) between them in three pointers and match fault indicator .In general ,the Beijing team's offensive ability was signifi-cantly higher than the Liaoning team ,but its defense was lower than the Liaoning team in the backcourt rebounds and fouled control data ,the comparison was a significant difference ( P<0 .05) between them .In general ,the Liaoning team's defensive ability is higher than the Beijing team .Finally ,this paper makes some suggestions on how to improve the overall defensive and defensive ability of the China

  18. 旅游者门票价格感知差异分析--以重庆景区为例%Analysis of Ticket Price Differences in Perception of Tourists:Take Chongqing Scenic Spots as Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高凡; 罗兹柏

    2015-01-01

    在旅游过程中,旅游者往往以一个整体的视角来评价门票的价格,感知门票的价值。其对门票价格的感知直接影响到门票支付意愿、景区体验的满意度,并间接影响到对景区的忠诚度、重游率等。通过对重庆市有代表性的5个收费景区进行实地问卷调查,从旅游者的角度,细分不同类型游客对景区门票价格的感知差异,分析结果显示:不同类型的旅游者对门票价格的感知有同有异。最后针对研究结果在门票价格实践方面得出相应结论。%In the process of tourism,tourists tend to evaluate the price and perceive the value of the tickets from a whole perspective.The perception of price of tickets directly affects the satisfaction of the experience of the willingness to pay and indirectly affect the loyalty in the resort,revisit rate,etc. This article subdivided the perception difference of different types of tourists to the scenic spot ticket price,from the perspective of tourists,through questionnaire investigation of five Chongqing repre-sentative scenic spot field that charging tickets.Analysis results show that different types of tourists’ perception of price tickets are different.According to the research results,we got corresponding con-clusions in the ticket price practical.

  19. Playoffs & Payoffs: The College Football-Coaching Carousel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Jennifer Lee

    2015-01-01

    The circulation of head football coaches is a well-established practice, and with it, salary costs are significantly outpacing other spending as institutions compete in the pursuit of prestige. This movement of college football coaches is known in the popular press as the "coaching carousel." The carousel is a fitting metaphor for a…

  20. Playoffs & Payoffs: The College Football-Coaching Carousel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Jennifer Lee

    2015-01-01

    The circulation of head football coaches is a well-established practice, and with it, salary costs are significantly outpacing other spending as institutions compete in the pursuit of prestige. This movement of college football coaches is known in the popular press as the "coaching carousel." The carousel is a fitting metaphor for a…

  1. Exploring the potential of open big data from ticketing websites to characterize travel patterns within the Chinese high-speed rail system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Sheng; Yuan, Jinfu; Qiu, Yanning; Luan, Xiali; Han, Shanrui; Zhou, Wen; Xu, Chi

    2017-01-01

    Big data have contributed to deepen our understanding in regards to many human systems, particularly human mobility patterns and the structure and functioning of transportation systems. Resonating the recent call for 'open big data,' big data from various sources on a range of scales have become increasingly accessible to the public. However, open big data relevant to travelers within public transit tools remain scarce, hindering any further in-depth study on human mobility patterns. Here, we explore ticketing-website derived data that are publically available but have been largely neglected. We demonstrate the power, potential and limitations of this open big data, using the Chinese high-speed rail (HSR) system as an example. Using an application programming interface, we automatically collected the data on the remaining tickets (RTD) for scheduled trains at the last second before departure in order to retrieve information on unused transit capacity, occupancy rate of trains, and passenger flux at stations. We show that this information is highly useful in characterizing the spatiotemporal patterns of traveling behaviors on the Chinese HSR, such as weekend traveling behavior, imbalanced commuting behavior, and station functionality. Our work facilitates the understanding of human traveling patterns along the Chinese HSR, and the functionality of the largest HSR system in the world. We expect our work to attract attention regarding this unique open big data source for the study of analogous transportation systems.

  2. 重庆地票制度风险评估研究%Study on Risk Assessment of Chongqing Land Tickets System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓军; 张孝成; 郑财贵; 牛德利; 高强

    2012-01-01

    地票制度风险评估能够有效规避、减小风险,保证地票制度安全运行.采用DSP制度风险研究技术体系识别并评价重庆地票制度风险影响因素,再采用综合评价模型对地票制度风险进行评估.结果表明:①地票制度风险因素有5个,分别为耕地保护风险、国家宏观调控的风险、房地产市场冲击风险、统筹城乡的风险和农民权益保护的风险;②地票制度风险准则层中5个风险的相对严重程度依次为农民权益保护的风险、耕地保护风险、国家宏观调控的风险、房地产市场冲击风险和统筹城乡风险,指标层中农村宅基地社会保障未充分考虑的风险、农民复垦的主体地位未得到充分体现的风险、耕地总量动态平衡的风险、地票落地区农民权益未得到充分保障的风险和国家计划指标的冲击风险这5个风险比较大;③地票制度系统风险值为0.38,系统风险较低,风险处于可控状态.%The risk assessment of land tickets system can effectively avoid and reduce risks, ensure the safe operation of the system. This paper uses the DSP system for risk research and technology system to identify and evaluate the risk of the influencing factors of land tickets system, and uses the comprehensive evaluation model to assess the risk. The results show that:①There are five risk factors for land tickets system: farmland protection risks, the risk of national macro-control, the impact of the real estate market risk, the risk of co-ordinating urban and rural areas and the risk of protecting the interests of farmers.②The severity of the five relative risks of the criteria layers are in terms of degree the risk of protecting the interests of farmers, farmland protection risks, the risk of national macro-control, the impact of the real estate market risk and the risk of co-ordinating urban and rural areas, the following five risks are greater: the risk that does not take full account

  3. 国内外体育彩票发展现状的比较研究%On Study of Comparision Between Our Country and Developed Countries in Sports Lottery Tickets Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海; 丁英俊

    2001-01-01

    西方不少体育产业发达国家都发行体育彩票,并且体育彩票的收入已成为一些国家体育经费的最重要来源,其所产生的效益和影响已远超过彩票运作本身。笔者就国内外体育彩票发展、管理运作方式、法律监督保护、彩票收入分配和使用,以及对我国体育产业的发展所带来的借鉴与启示等方面加以比较和论述,并对我国体育彩票的发展提出建议。%Developed countries almost all issue sports lottery tickets,in addition,revenue of sports lottery tickets is a most important source of sports funds in a country.The benefit and effect of sports lottery tickest is beyond the reach of lottery tickest themselves.Authors depict the origin,development,management,suprvision of laws,allocation,the use of sports lottery tickets,and enlightenment of development of sports industry,and put forward several suggestions of improving sports lottery tickets in China.

  4. Write Your Ticket to College: A Genre-Based College Admission Essay Workshop for Ethnically Diverse, Underserved Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Early, Jessica Singer; DeCosta-Smith, Meredith; Valdespino, Arturo

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a writing workshop that took place with 41 low-income, multi-ethnic 12th-grade students who received instruction on specific genre features for writing college admission essays. As a result, students improved the quality of their college admission essays and demonstrated greater confidence with this writing task. This…

  5. "We can't provide season tickets to the opera": Staff perceptions of providing preference based person centered care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, Katherine M; Heid, Allison R; Van Haitsma, Kimberly

    Knowledge of a nursing home resident's everyday living preferences provides the foundation for ongoing individualized care planning. The purpose of this study is to identify nursing home (NH) staff perceptions of facilitators and barriers to learning about and meeting residents' preferences and reasons why staff feel residents change their minds about preferences. Focus group sessions and interviews were conducted with 36 NH staff members working in a facility that has been actively assessing resident preferences for five years. Thematic codes classifying facilitators, barriers, and dependencies were identified. Staff shared ways they are able to help meet residents' preferences as well as barriers to fulfilling resident preferences through their own behaviors, facility characteristics, the social environment, and resident characteristics. In addition, staff believe that residents change their minds about important preferences 'depending on' several factors including; global environmental characteristics, social environment, resident characteristics, and general staff perceptions. This work identifies key facilitators and barriers to consider when implementing quality improvement efforts designed to improve the person-centered nature of care in nursing homes and is intended to further inform the culture change movement, which aims to transform NHs by empowering staff and delivering person-centered care.

  6. Ticket To Work

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — Captures information on disability beneficiaries that are participating in one of the "the return to work initiative"; to help become self sufficient, and to limit...

  7. Arts: Hot tickets 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Nicola

    2017-01-01

    Robots, DNA and electricity bask in the limelight, as Blade Runner reboots, Kazakhstan gets energetic and a 'space tapestry' rolls out. It's quite a year -- and key anniversaries hit, too, for Canada, the anthropology dynamo the Peabody Museum and architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Nicola Jones reports.

  8. 商业银行发展供应链电票融资的现实意义%Realistic Significance of Commercial Banks' Developing the Supply Chain Electric Ticket Financing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解静; 田奇慧

    2015-01-01

    At present, with the rapid development of Internet, the traditional offline bill financing service mode has been challenged, while the supply chain electric ticket financing business has gradually attached the attention of commercial banks for the characteristic of effectively controlling the risks. The article explains the meaning and gives out the specific model of supply chain electric ticket financing, analyzes the significance of promoting supply chain electric ticket financ⁃ing on commercial banks, puts forward the supervision requirements for the investigation of the authenticity of innovative trade background, and suggestions like speeding up the construction of small and medium-sized banks' electrical ticket system, establishing the legal status of electronic bill as soon as possible and etc. to promote practically the development of commercial banks' supply chain electric ticket financing business.%当前,互联网飞速发展,传统的线下票据融资服务模式受到挑战,供应链电票融资业务以其可以有效控制风险的特点逐步受到商业银行的重视。文章具体解释了供应链电票融资的含义及具体模式;剖析了推进供应链电票融资对商业银行的重大意义;提出了创新贸易背景真实性审查的监管要求、中小银行加快电票系统建设、尽快确立电子票据的法律地位等切实推动商业银行供应链电票融资业务开展的建议。

  9. QRCode二维条码在火车票中的实现%Application of 2D QR Code Barcode in Train Tickets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向隅

    2011-01-01

    2D QR Code barcode, having the super high speed, over-all decoding, powerful capacity of correcting mistakes and the effective way of demonstrating Chinese characters, will be of bright future. With the 2D QR Code barcode as the carrier, the system uses the third-party control and accomplishes the applicatiOn of coding 2D QR Code barcodes in train tickets. The experiment shows that the system can use the camera to decode the information without the professional CCD 2D barcode equipment. It can meet the demand for time and accuracy, which provides an effective way for the application of 2D barcode in the ticketing system.%QRCode二维条码具有超高速全方位识读、纠错能力强、能有效表示汉字等特点,具有良好的应用前景。该系统以QRCode二维条码为载体,利用第三方控件,使QRCode二维条码在火车票中得以实现。实验表明,该系统不使用专用的CCD二维条码设备就能够通过摄像头拍照识别信息,在时间和准确度上能满足要求,为二维条码在票务系统中的使用提供了一条有效的途径。

  10. The Wetland Ticket System:Redline Protected Wetland Management of Infrastructural Occupation%湿票制度:红线保护下的基建占用湿地管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田富强; 刘鸿明

    2015-01-01

    Infrastructural occupation is reducing wetland area. In order to protect the wetland area above the red line, a wetland ticket system was established following the idea of land-ticket to balance the infrastructure development and conservation of wetland area. The system requires compensation before developing the infrastructure, and balance between development and compensation. The total wetland ticket cannot exceed the maximum limit, i.e. the red line. The advantages of this system include:1) Providing a legal platform for infrastructure development, achieving an orderly wetland management; 2) Compensation fund collected from wetland ticket system can be used for new wetland construction, increasing the supply of more wetlands; 3) Appropriate increase of compensation through improving wetland ticket prices can control the total demand for wetland infrastructure development. The wetland ticket system can prevent illegal disorderly occupation of wetlands by infrastructure development, and increase supply of wetland, as well as control the demand for infrastructure development, and achieve a balance between the two, therefore, stabilizing wetland ecosystem. It was suggested that the system be applied on a wider basis after further improvement.%基建占用减少了湿地面积。为保护湿地红线,借鉴地票思想,建立湿票制度,解决基建占用湿地的合法性和占补平衡问题。规定先补后占、占补平衡,湿票总量不能超过最高限量。一是给基建占用湿地提供合法平台,纳入有序管理;二是湿票资金激励新建湿地,增加湿地供给;三是适度调高湿地生态补偿费,提高湿票价格,控制基建占用湿地总需求。湿票制度杜绝基建非法无序占用湿地,增加供给,抑制需求,实现占补平衡,稳定湿地生态。可在完善制度体系的基础上,试点并推广湿票制度。

  11. Optimization of the Sales Model and Sales strategies of the High Speed Train Ticket%高铁时代客票销售模式优化及策略探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪书景; 张进奎

    2015-01-01

    铁路售票全面实行实名制,实现计算机联网售票、发售异地票及车票的通签通退,并形成了车站窗口、互联网、自助售票机等多元化的格局,支付方式也从现金发展到网银、POS机等。由于售票系统设备滞后于IT的发展,售票网络时常发生故障,无法满足旅客的需求。所以,售票系统及设备应适时更新升级,不断提高从业人员素质,优化售票模式,才能满足旅客购票需求。%The sales model of the high speed train ticket was investigated. It is found out that the sales model of the high speed train ticket is diverse, including different selling services, selling places and ways of payment. It is also discovered that the ticket selling system is lagged behind the IT development and breaks down frequently, which is unable to fill the need of the customers. Thus, it is suggested that the ticket selling system should be updated on time, the quality of the sales staff should be improved and the sales model should be optimized.

  12. 效价视域下购票渠道使用转移的意愿因素研究%Intention Factors Influencing Consumers'Ticket Purchasing Usage Transfer Behavioral under the Perspective of Valence Framework

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏; 江娜

    2014-01-01

    The popularity of mobile intelligent devices and wild usage of internet technology has brought great change to the channel management of traditional ticket business .E - tickets service can enhance the efficiency of ticket service providers ,save more operation cost and provide more convenience . E-tickets service also contributes to the environment protection and plays a significant role in sustainable development .In recent years ,more and more ticket service providers offer both offline and online services to consumers simultaneously , but customers are preferable to use offline services rather than online services through many researches .In this paper ,we focus on exploring the factors influencing customers usage transfer behavioral intention in bi - channel environment and using the valence framework to construct research model .Choosing train ticket services as research object ,by using survey data collected from 410 train tickets users ,the results indicate that path dependence has no significant effect on intention to usage transfer but perceived risk ,perceived relative advantage and self -efficacy have significant effect on intention to usage transfer .%移动智能终端设备的普及和互联网技术的广泛应用给传统客票业务的渠道管理带来了巨大的改变,电子客票业务的推广不仅有利于提高票务服务商的工作效率,降低运营成本,提高客户购票便利性,而且是建设资源节约型、环境友好型社会的重要举措。近年来,越来越多的票务服务商在保持原有线下购票服务的同时,也开辟了线上购票服务,但研究表明,大量的用户依然倾向于使用线下渠道。因此,聚集客票系统为研究对象,探讨双渠道环境下影响用户从线下到线上使用转移的意愿因素,以效价理论的研究框架为切入点,提出考虑双渠道环境下影响使用转移的意愿因素研究模型。以中国应用最为广泛的火车票

  13. 列车电子换票装置的研究与设计%Research and design train ticket exchange electronic device

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    粟慧龙; 韩雪

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, after the sleeper train to get off the bench for votes shortage exists in the way to design a train station can automatically remind the passengers to get off electronic devices for votes, composition, working principle and system hardware and software design and implementation of a detailed elaboration. When the host vehicle information obtained from passengers ticket terminal identification, collection location of the train, vehicle speed and other information via the locomotive TAX2 box and GPS, data processing and analysis, and the results are sent to remind the terminal, passenger train near the destination site, remind terminal in the vibration mode and display reminders passengers.%本文针对列车卧铺席上下车换票方式存在的不足,设计了一种列车到站后能自动提醒旅客下车的电子换票装置,并对系统的组成、工作原理及软硬件设计实现进行了详细阐述。主机从车票识别终端得到旅客的乘车信息,通过机车TAX2箱和GPS采集列车的位置、车速等信息,将数据进行处理分析,并将结果发送至提醒终端,列车接近旅客目的站点时,提醒终端以振动和显示的方式提醒旅客下车。

  14. Ihr Ticket fur Munchen (Your Ticket to Munich).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singer, Debbie

    Texts accompanied by photographs and drawings introduce students to four means of public transportation and to major tourist attractions in Munich, German Federal Republic. Vocabulary is glossed in the margin, and texts are followed by questions and exercises. Some suggestions for additional activities are given in English. An appendix includes…

  15. An Empirical Study on the Influence of Tourist Satisfaction on Tolerance of Ticket Prices in Scenic Spots --With Tang Paradise as an Example%游客满意度对景区门票价格容忍度的影响——以大唐芙蓉园为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红霞; 刘传喜

    2012-01-01

    近年来,随着旅游业的发展,各地景区门票价格飞速上涨,引起人们广泛关注,涨价是否能够为游客所接受,涨价之后游客是否能对景区质量满意,这些问题都需要进行深入思考。本文根据公平理论、感知绩效模型等相关理论,从游客涉入度、景区质量、价格公平感知三个因素来探讨景区游客满意度与门票价格容忍度的关系,如游客对景区满意,是否愿意支付较高的门票价格,从而淡化门票在游客出游决策中的作用。%In recent years, with the development of tourism industry, ticket prices of scenic spots have been increasing rapidly, which has aroused great concerns from the public. Whether the price--rise can be accepted by tourists and whether tourists are satisfied with the quality of scenic spots after a rise of ticket prices need to be deeply deliberated. According to the equity theory and perceived performance model, the paper discusses the relationship between tourist satisfaction and tolerance of ticket prices in scenic spots from the aspects of tourist involvement, scenic quality and price fair perception. Through discussing tourist satisfaction with scenic spots and their willingness to pay for comparatively high ticket prices, the paper plays down the role of ticket prices in the travelling decision of tourists

  16. Application of Passengers' Travelling Time Value in Ticket Price of Airlines%旅客旅行时间价值在航空票价中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付印平; 李丽欣

    2011-01-01

    Travelling time value is an important factor in various factors of the travel choice behavior of passengets. The integrity of travel time value was put forward. With the different evaluation of travel time value, this article analyzes multistage ticket price of airline companies by means of theory of economics. It concludes that multistage ticket price can realize win-win for the airlines and consumers. Price discrimination failure is analyzed. On this basis, integrity of passengers' travelling time explains why cheap airline and full cabin can not increase profits, but will face loss phenomenon.%在考虑影响旅客出行选择行为的各种因素时,旅客旅行时间价值是十分重要的因素.提出旅客旅行时间的完整性概念.基于旅客对旅行时间价值不同评价,运用经济学理论对航空公司实行多级票价分析,得出多级票价能够使航空公司和消费者实现双赢,同时对价格歧视失效进行分析.在此基础上,从旅客旅行时间的完整性解释廉价航空以及机舱满员不但不能增大利润,反而面临亏损的现象.

  17. The Reason and Enlightenment of Chinese Women Volleyball Team Get Direct Tickets into London Olympics%中国女排直通伦敦奥运的原因与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨虎生

    2012-01-01

    北京奥运之后中国女排遭遇到新一轮挑战。主帅的频频更换,新老队员的交替等等因素给中国女排带来了不小的冲击。中国女排在经历了一系列比赛的考验后于2011年女排世界杯挺进前三获得了直通伦敦奥运的入场券,这场胜利极大鼓舞了中国女排的斗志和信心。通过分析中国女排直通伦敦奥运的原因,希望有助于中国女排在伦敦奥运会上扬利弃弊,再创佳绩。%After Beijing Olympic Games, The Chinese Women's Volleyball Team encountered a new challenge. Coach to replace frequently, new and old players alternating gave the Chinese women's volleyball team more impact. After a series of matches, Chinese women's volleyball team ranks the top 3 in the 2011 world cup and gets to the London Olympics tickets. The victory greatly encouraged the Chinese women's volleyball team morale and confidence. Through analysis on reason of Chinese women' s volleyball team get direct ticket into London Olympics, this paper tries to carry forward the advantages and abandon disadvantages and make success once more.

  18. Passenger Sharing of the High-Speed Railway from Sensitivity Analysis Caused by Price and Run-time Based on the Multi-Agent System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma Ning

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Nowadays, governments around the world are active in constructing the high-speed railway. Therefore, it is significant to make research on this increasingly prevalent transport.Design/methodology/approach: In this paper, we simulate the process of the passenger’s travel mode choice by adjusting the ticket fare and the run-time based on the multi-agent system (MAS.Findings: From the research we get the conclusion that increasing the run-time appropriately and reducing the ticket fare in some extent are effective ways to enhance the passenger sharing of the high-speed railway.Originality/value: We hope it can provide policy recommendations for the railway sectors in developing the long-term plan on high-speed railway in the future.

  19. Reflexões sobre o Sistema Único de Saúde e o Servizio Sanitario Nazionale: a reforma da reforma - a adoção do Ticket Sanitario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Caldeira Oliveira

    Full Text Available Resumo A partir da comparação realizada entre a institucionalização do Servizio Sanitario Nazionale (SSN, na Itália e o Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS, no Brasil, ambos cunhados na filosofia do direito à saúde e sob a égide do Estado, o artigo objetiva analisar a reforma implementada pelo SSN, que introduziu a coparticipação do usuário no custo do cuidado, mediante pagamento do Ticket Sanitario. Se por um lado essa reforma visava combater a crise fiscal, por outro, trouxe graves consequências para a condição de vida e saúde da população italiana. Utilizando-se, ainda, da metodologia de comparação entre sistemas de saúde, o estudo alerta para a adoção de propostas reformistas, agora pelo SUS. As propostas apresentadas pelos documentos “Agenda Brasil” e “Uma ponte para o futuro”, visando a cobrança seletiva por atendimento, descaracteriza o SUS ao institucionalizar portas de entrada diferenciadas. Dessa forma, assim como os italianos, a crise fiscal impõe, agora, aos brasileiros, o desrespeito ao direito à saúde.

  20. 虚拟体验式营销对顾客在线行为的作用机制--以线上机票销售为例%The Influence Mechanism of Virtual Experiential Marketing on Customer Online Behavior--Take Online Airline Ticket Sales as Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李辉

    2015-01-01

    本文以在网上购买机票的旅客为研究对象开展实证研究,检验了感官、情感、思考、行动和关联等5种体验式营销要素与顾客在线行为的关系。结果表明,感官、情感和关联正向影响顾客的在线浏览意愿和在线购买意愿;在线浏览意愿和在线购买意愿正向影响顾客忠诚;价格导向正向调节虚拟体验式营销要素与在线浏览意愿、在线购买意愿的关系;便捷导向正向调节虚拟体验式营销要素与在线购买意愿的关系。在此基础上,为航空公司和机票代理人线上机票销售的体验式营销战略制定和实施提供一定的理论指导与管理建议。%The author takes customer who has bought airline tickets online as sample,and tests the relationship of 5 experiential marketing factors including sense,feel,think,act,relate and customer online behavior. The result shows that sense, feel and relate positively affect customer online browse intention and purchase intention;online browse intention and purchase intention positively affect customer loyalty;price orientation positively moderate the relationship of virtual experiential marketing factors and online browse intention and purchase intention;convenient orientation positively moderate the relationship of virtual experiential marketing factors and online purchase intention. Based on the analysis,the author provides theoretical guidance and management suggestions for the experiential marketing strategies and practices of airline companies and online tourist platforms.

  1. Cooperative Game Study of Airlines Based on Flight Frequency Optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanming Liu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available By applying the game theory, the relationship between airline ticket price and optimal flight frequency is analyzed. The paper establishes the payoff matrix of the flight frequency in noncooperation scenario and flight frequency optimization model in cooperation scenario. The airline alliance profit distribution is converted into profit distribution game based on the cooperation game theory. The profit distribution game is proved to be convex, and there exists an optimal distribution strategy. The results show that joining the airline alliance can increase airline whole profit, the change of negotiated prices and cost is beneficial to profit distribution of large airlines, and the distribution result is in accordance with aviation development.

  2. A Tree-Based Model for Setting Optimal Train Fare Zones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Alberto Conejero

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Given a railway line with n stops and the number of travelers between each pair of stops, we show how to split these stops into k different fare zones in order to maximize the benefit obtained from the sale of tickets to the travelers. We present a method to obtain this solution that is based on finding the longest path in a weighted root tree. This method improves in terms of efficiency the combinatorial method, where all the possible distributions have to be considered for deciding which is the optimal one.

  3. Railway Ticket Counter Problem With STM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohit Kumar Modi,

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The past few years have marked the start of a historic transition from sequential to parallel computation. The necessity to write parallel programs is increasing as systems are getting more complex while processor speed increases are slowing down. Current parallel programming uses low-level programming constructs like threads and explicit synchronization using locks to coordinate thread execution. Parallel programs written with these constructs are difficult to design, program and debug. Also locks have many drawbacks which make them a suboptimal solution. One such drawback is that locks should be only used to enclose the critical section of the parallel-processing code. If locks are used to enclose the entire code then the performance of the code drastically decreases. Software Transactional Memory (STM is a promising new approach to programming shared-memory parallel processors. It is a concurrency control mechanism that is widely considered to be easier to use by programmers than locking. It allows portions of a program to execute in isolation, without regard to other, concurrently executing tasks. A programmer can reason about the correctness of code within a transaction and need not worry about complex interactions with other, concurrently executing parts of the program. If STM is used to enclose the entire code then the performance of the code is the same as that of the code in which STM is used to enclose the critical section only and is far better than code in which locks have been used to enclose the entire code. So STM is easier to use than locks as critical section does not need to be identified in case of STM. This paper shows the concept of writing code using Software Transactional Memory (STM and the performance comparison of codes using locks with those using STM. It also shows why the use of STM in parallel-processing code is better than the use of locks

  4. 7 CFR 46.19 - Sales tickets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES REGULATIONS (OTHER THAN RULES OF PRACTICE) UNDER THE PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES ACT, 1930 Records of...

  5. Job-Ticket system for Tehohydro company

    OpenAIRE

    Barabas, Ladislav; Draska, Bronislav; Stonawski, Jakub

    2013-01-01

    This bachelor thesis discusses a technical task, which was connected with the real company located in Lappeenranta. The objective of the work was to design and create a new information system used for management and administration inside the company. The idea about implementation of the new system was a response to the old one, which had several improvement needs. The work was commissioned by Tehohydro company. The system has been developed with the help of Microsoft technologies. The deve...

  6. Un ticket pour la liberté

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nabil Mouline

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Pour diverses raisons, l’industrie cinématographique égyptienne a connu des changements profonds au début des années 2000. L’une des conséquences les plus palpables a été la production de manière volontaire ou involontaire de films contestataires dans la mesure où ils essaient de remettre en cause le discours dominant et de lever le tabou sur plusieurs questions sociopolitiques. Cela a fait du produit filmique non seulement un document d’archive qui reflète l’état de la société mais également un outil efficace de soft influence et de mobilisation qui a participé à la création d’une communauté imaginée dont une partie est passée à l’action le 25 janvier 2011. C’est l’ambition de cet article que de lever le voile sur ce double rôle du cinéma entre 2001 et 2010 en s’appuyant sur un large échantillon de films à grand succès.

  7. American Samoa Commercial Purchases (Trip Ticket)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In 1990 the local government made it mandatory for local vendors to participate in this monitoring program and it is continuing. The Department of Marine and...

  8. Fast concurrent array-based stacks, queues and deques using fetch-and-increment-bounded, fetch-and-decrement-bounded and store-on-twin synchronization primitives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Dong; Gara, Alana; Heidelberger, Philip; Kumar, Sameer; Ohmacht, Martin; Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard; Wisniewski, Robert

    2014-09-16

    Implementation primitives for concurrent array-based stacks, queues, double-ended queues (deques) and wrapped deques are provided. In one aspect, each element of the stack, queue, deque or wrapped deque data structure has its own ticket lock, allowing multiple threads to concurrently use multiple elements of the data structure and thus achieving high performance. In another aspect, new synchronization primitives FetchAndIncrementBounded (Counter, Bound) and FetchAndDecrementBounded (Counter, Bound) are implemented. These primitives can be implemented in hardware and thus promise a very fast throughput for queues, stacks and double-ended queues.

  9. Pre-sale law for railway ticket based on moving average method%基于移动平均法的铁路客票预售规律研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彦麟; 吕晓艳; 王洪业

    2016-01-01

    This article studied and analyzed the pre-sale law for the period of 60-days. There is a certain relationship between the number of seats in the train and the number of days in advance. Different travel dates, focusing on sale day different. In the non holiday peak period, the pre-sale volume is large on the ifrst day of the train and on the day of the train. This article, used the moving average method to study this kind of rule, predicted the daily pre-sale situation, focused on the forecast results of pre-sale volume on the ifrst day of the train and on the day of the train. The forecast results were in good agreement with the actual passenger lfow.%本文通过对预售期为60天的预售规律进行研究分析,列车席位的预售量和预售天数有一定的关系。不同的乘车日期,重点预售日不同。非节假日高峰,乘车前一日和乘车当日,预售量较大。本文利用移动平均法对这种规律进行研究,对日常预售情况进行预测,重点分析了乘车前一日和乘车当日的预售量预测结果,预测结果和实际客流吻合较好。

  10. On Infringement of Online Piracy Based on the Huge Ticket Fined to QVOD Technology Company%快播“天价罚单”背后的网络盗版侵权思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任瑞芝

    2015-01-01

    以快播公司为典型的网络盗版侵权现象,反映了网络技术的发展所引起的作品传播技术的变革与著作权保护制度之间的激烈碰撞.治理网络盗版侵权,首先应坚持知识传播与权利保护相平衡的原则,长远任务在于充分利用网络在权利所有人和终端使用人之间开通的市场之路,尽快建立著作权人与网站、用户三方互利共赢的成熟的商业机制,当前则可以通过加大监管与惩罚力度乃至追究刑事责任等方式打击盗版侵权.

  11. Design and implementation of web ticket-order system based on struts framework%基于Struts框架的网上订票系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘香萍; 赵雪岩; 焦宁

    2007-01-01

    Struts为Java Web应用程序提供了模型-视图-控制器(MVC)框架结构.采用Struts框架开发网上订票系统,充分体现了MVC的思想以及Struts结构在开发Web应用程序中的优势,将显示层、业务层和数据层分离,以实现代码重用和易于修改,提高系统的灵活性、复用性和可维护性,达到提高软件质量的目的.

  12. 78 FR 45452 - Mailing of Tickets Under the Ticket To Work Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-29

    ... and reduces dependency on Social Security and SSI cash benefits. \\1\\ Public Law 106-170. Prior to the... existing outreach budget on those beneficiaries most likely to return to work has helped us administer the... and Budget (OMB) and determined that this final rule does not meet the criteria for a...

  13. 77 FR 1862 - Mailing of Tickets Under the Ticket to Work Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    ... or jargon that is not clear? Would a different format make the rule easier to understand, e.g... changes. Regulatory Procedures We follow the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) rulemaking procedures specified in 5 USC 553 when we develop regulations. Generally, the APA requires that an agency provide prior...

  14. 基于二维码的校园考务信息应用方法%Application procedure of campus examination information based on two-dimensional bar code

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晏燕; 王大程; 王前前; 孙婷婷

    2012-01-01

    In order to reduce the waste of papers used for printing admission tickets for all kinds of examinations and avoid the problem that two-dimensional bar code cannot carry certificate images of high quality, a two-dimensional bar code examination information system was designed and realized based on QR code. In this system a half-on-line and half-off-line method was used to provide major functions such as information gathering of candidates, arrangement of examination information, generation of electronic admission tickets with two dimensional bar code, and identification of examination information. It could not only save the paper resources but also realize triple-sided united authentication among candidates, information of electronic admission tickets, and database of candidate information.%为了减少各类考试中纸质准考证件造成的资源浪费,同时避免二维码无法承载高质量证件图像的难题,设计并实现了基于QR码的二维码考务信息系统.采用半离线半在线的方式提供考生信息采集、考务信息安排、二维码电子准考凭证生成和考务信息识别等主要功能,不但可以节约纸张资源,还可以实现参加考试人员与电子凭证信息和考生信息数据库之间的三方联合认证.

  15. An Aircraft Lifecycle Approach for the Cost-Benefit Analysis of Prognostics and Condition-Based Maintenance-Based on Discrete-Event Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-02

    BC) influence airline revenues in the lifecycle CBA. The initial investment cost C0 is assumed as 50 Mio . US$ (aircraft list price in 2008 less an...Value Ticket price - EC [US$] 2008 111 Ticket price - BC [US$] 2008 334 Aircraft price C0 (incl. 35% discount) [ Mio . US$] 2008 50 Labor rate

  16. A Novel Location-Centric IoT-Cloud Based On-Street Car Parking Violation Management System in Smart Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanh Dinh

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, in big cities, parking management is a critical issue from both the driver’s side and the city government’s side. From the driver’s side, how to find an available parking lot in a city is a considerable concern. As a result, smart parking systems recently have received great interest, both in academia and industry. From the city government’s side, how to manage and distribute such a limited public parking resource efficiently to give every visitor a fair chance of finding an on-street parking lot is also a considerable concern. However, existing studies of smart parking management focus only on assisting the driver’s side to find available parking spaces. This study aims to raise a new perspective on such smart parking management and to propose a novel location-centric IoT-cloud-based parking violation management system. The system is designed to assist authoritative officers in finding parking violations easily and recommends the least cost path for officers so that officers can achieve their highest productivity in finding parking violations and issuing parking tickets. Experimental results show that the system not only improves the productivity of officers in finding parking violations and issuing tickets, but also helps reduce the traveling cost of officers and to reduce the average violation period of violating cars considerably.

  17. A Novel Location-Centric IoT-Cloud Based On-Street Car Parking Violation Management System in Smart Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinh, Thanh; Kim, Younghan

    2016-06-02

    Nowadays, in big cities, parking management is a critical issue from both the driver's side and the city government's side. From the driver's side, how to find an available parking lot in a city is a considerable concern. As a result, smart parking systems recently have received great interest, both in academia and industry. From the city government's side, how to manage and distribute such a limited public parking resource efficiently to give every visitor a fair chance of finding an on-street parking lot is also a considerable concern. However, existing studies of smart parking management focus only on assisting the driver's side to find available parking spaces. This study aims to raise a new perspective on such smart parking management and to propose a novel location-centric IoT-cloud-based parking violation management system. The system is designed to assist authoritative officers in finding parking violations easily and recommends the least cost path for officers so that officers can achieve their highest productivity in finding parking violations and issuing parking tickets. Experimental results show that the system not only improves the productivity of officers in finding parking violations and issuing tickets, but also helps reduce the traveling cost of officers and to reduce the average violation period of violating cars considerably.

  18. A Novel Location-Centric IoT-Cloud Based On-Street Car Parking Violation Management System in Smart Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinh, Thanh; Kim, Younghan

    2016-01-01

    Nowadays, in big cities, parking management is a critical issue from both the driver’s side and the city government’s side. From the driver’s side, how to find an available parking lot in a city is a considerable concern. As a result, smart parking systems recently have received great interest, both in academia and industry. From the city government’s side, how to manage and distribute such a limited public parking resource efficiently to give every visitor a fair chance of finding an on-street parking lot is also a considerable concern. However, existing studies of smart parking management focus only on assisting the driver’s side to find available parking spaces. This study aims to raise a new perspective on such smart parking management and to propose a novel location-centric IoT-cloud-based parking violation management system. The system is designed to assist authoritative officers in finding parking violations easily and recommends the least cost path for officers so that officers can achieve their highest productivity in finding parking violations and issuing parking tickets. Experimental results show that the system not only improves the productivity of officers in finding parking violations and issuing tickets, but also helps reduce the traveling cost of officers and to reduce the average violation period of violating cars considerably. PMID:27271620

  19. A service-based SLA (Service Level Agreement) for the RACF (RHIC and ATLAS computing facility) at brookhaven national lab

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karasawa, Mizuka; Chan, Tony; Smith, Jason

    2010-04-01

    The RACF provides computing support to a broad spectrum of scientific programs at Brookhaven. The continuing growth of the facility, the diverse needs of the scientific programs and the increasingly prominent role of distributed computing requires the RACF to change from a system to a service-based SLA with our user communities. A service-based SLA allows the RACF to coordinate more efficiently the operation, maintenance and development of the facility by mapping out a matrix of system and service dependencies and by creating a new, configurable alarm management layer that automates service alerts and notification of operations staff. This paper describes the adjustments made by the RACF to transition to a service-based SLA, including the integration of its monitoring software, alarm notification mechanism and service ticket system at the facility to make the new SLA a reality.

  20. Discussion on Building the Public Relation Image of Libraries with Microblog Thoughts of the Event of Purchasing Train Tickets for Peasant Workers Online%微博助推图书馆公关形象塑造探析——关于“为农民工网购火车票事件”的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘静

    2012-01-01

    微博关注最新的社会热点问题,以其传输信息快、互动性强、允许自由评论等特点成为信息传播的新途径。图书馆"为农民工网购火车票事件"始于微博,对图书馆的公关形象塑造具有正面宣传效应。图书馆公关形象的整体运作要依靠微博等网络媒体,同时图书馆应积极与传统媒体合作,抓住宣传机遇,为图书馆事业的生存与发展谋求更为广阔的空间。%The microblog keeps a watchful eye on hotspots of the society, the microblog has characteristics of spreading information fast, strong interactivity and allowing users commenting freely, and has become the new way of the information dissemination. The event of phasing train tickets for peasant workers online starts from microblog, and has positive effects on building the public relation image of libraries. The overall operation of the public relation image of libraries should depend on the network media(such as the microblog), at the same time, libraries should cooperate with traditional media positively, seize the opportunity of the publicity, and seek a broader space for the survival and development of librarianship.

  1. Electronic Wallet and Access Control Solution Based on RFID MiFare Cards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Victor Lefter

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available With the advent of Radio Frequency Identification technologies or RFID for short, different types of products and security-relevant applications have been developed for use in fields and businesses like: inventory management, product tracking, access control, passports or transport fare collection. Even though RFID has been around for quite some time, there are some types of businesses like theme parks, water parks or music festivals that haven’t yet tested the benefits that this technology brings. This paper focuses on presenting advantages and disadvantages of using an unified access control and electronic wallet system based on RFID cards like MiFare tags as an alternative to existing ticket/currency access and payment systems employed by the majority of the businesses mentioned above.

  2. Community-based interventions to improve HPV vaccination coverage among 13- to 15-year-old females: measures implemented by local governments in Japan.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroyuki Fujiwara

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of various community-based interventions in support of HPV vaccination implemented by cities and towns within Tochigi prefecture, Japan with a view to identifying useful indicators which might guide future interventions to improve HPV vaccination coverage in the prefecture. A postal questionnaire survey of all 27 local governments in Tochigi Prefecture was conducted in December 2010. All 27 responded, and 22 provided the exact numbers of the targeted and vaccinated populations of 13- to 15-year-old girls from April to December 2010. The local governments also answered questions on the type of interventions implemented including public subsidies, school-based programs, direct mail, free tickets and recalls. Local governments that conducted a school-based vaccination program reported 96.8% coverage for the 1(st dose, 96.2% for the 2(nd dose, and 91.2% for the 3(rd dose. Those that provided subsidies without school-based programs reported a wide range of vaccination rates: 45.7%-95.0% for the 1(st dose, 41.1%-93.7% for the 2(nd dose and 3.1%-90.1% for the 3(rd dose. Among this group, the combination of a free ticket, direct mail and recall was most effective, with 95.0% coverage for the 1(st dose, 93.7% for the 2(nd dose, and 90.1% for the 3(rd dose. The governments that did not offer a subsidy had the lowest vaccination coverage, with 0.8%-1.4% for the 1(st dose, 0.0%-0.8% for the 2(nd dose, and 0.1%-0.1% for the 3(rd dose. The results of this survey indicate that school-based vaccinations and public subsidies are the most effective method to improve HPV vaccination coverage; however, the combination of a free ticket, direct mail, and recalls with public subsidies are also important measures in increasing the vaccination rate. These data may afford important indicators for the successful implementation of future HPV vaccination programs.

  3. Return ticket to the fjord; Einmal Fjord und zurueck

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiedemann, Karsten

    2010-07-15

    In the search for storage options for electricity from solar and wind power plants, Norwegian water reservoirs have come into focus. The contribution discusses the available potential and the political situation. A visit to a pumped storage power plant is described. (orig.)

  4. AUTOMATION OF REMEDY TICKETS CATEGORIZATION USING BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE TOOLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DR. M RAJASEKHARA BABU

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The work log of an issue is often the primary source of information for predicting the cause. Mining patterns from work log is an important issue management task. This paper aims at developing an application which categorizes the issues into problem areas using a clustering algorithm. This algorithm helps one to cluster the issues by mining patterns from the work log files. Standard reports can be generated for the root cause analysis. The whole process is automated using Business Intelligence Tools. This paper can be helpful in minimizing the recurrence of issues by informing the technical decision makers about the impact of the issues on the system andthus providing a permanent fix.

  5. Competency Assessment for Entry-level Sport Ticket Sales Professionals

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    David Pierce; Richard Irwin

    2016-01-01

      With the emergence of outbound sales philosophies taking hold in sport organizations, sales managers are seeking talent to fill sales positions with candidates launching their careers in the sport industry...

  6. The athlete biological passport: ticket to a fair Commonwealth Games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucknall, Vittoria; Rehman, Haroon; Bassindale, Thomas; Clement, Rhys Ge

    2014-08-01

    In summer 2014, the world watched as Glasgow hosted the 2014 Commonwealth Games and athletes pushed the boundaries of human performance. Sport has developed into a multi-billion pound industry leading to the development of a 'win at any cost' mentality in some individuals. The abuse of performance-enhancing drugs has developed into a sophisticated arms race between those unfairly enhancing performance and those wishing to preserve the dignity of sport and the health of the competitors. The challenge for the Commonwealth games organising committee was to ensure that competition remained fair and that athletes were kept safe. The athlete biological passport is a system implemented by the World Anti-Doping Agency directed towards enhancing the identification of those athletes accountable for the misuse of performance-enhancing substances. This article exemplifies which drugs are currently being exploited and how the athlete biological passport has evolved to improve their detection. © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  7. A Round Trip Ticket from Goal Development ot Boardroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peper, John B.

    The speaker comments on a goal development process that has been used in the Milwaukee Public Schools for planning and implementing policy. Improvement of attendance was the goal selected for use in illustrating the model. (Author/IRT)

  8. BDNF isoforms: a round trip ticket between neurogenesis and serotonin?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foltran, Rocío Beatriz; Diaz, Silvina Laura

    2016-07-01

    The brain-derived neurotrophic factor, BDNF, was discovered more than 30 years ago and, like other members of the neurotrophin family, this neuropeptide is synthetized as a proneurotrophin, the pro-BDNF, which is further cleaved to yield mature BDNF. The myriad of actions of these two BDNF isoforms in the central nervous system is constantly increasing and requires the development of sophisticated tools and animal models to refine our understanding. This review is focused on BDNF isoforms, their participation in the process of neurogenesis taking place in the hippocampus of adult mammals, and the modulation of their expression by serotonergic agents. Interestingly, around this triumvirate of BDNF, serotonin, and neurogenesis, a series of recent research has emerged with apparently counterintuitive results. This calls for an exhaustive analysis of the data published so far and encourages thorough work in the quest for new hypotheses in the field. BDNF is synthetized as a pre-proneurotrophin. After removal of the pre-region, proBDNF can be cleaved by intracellular or extracellular proteases. Mature BDNF can bind TrkB receptors, promoting their homodimerization and intracellular phosphorylation. Phosphorylated-TrkB can activate three different signaling pathways. Whereas G-protein-coupled receptors can transactivate TrkB receptors, truncated forms can inhibit mBDNF signaling. Pro-BDNF binds p75(NTR) by its mature domain, whereas the pro-region binds co-receptors. © 2016 International Society for Neurochemistry.

  9. 49 CFR Appendix C to Part 21 - Application of Part 21 to Certain Federal Financial Assistance of the Department of Transportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... areas, restaurant facilities, restrooms, or facilities operated under the compatible land use concept... origin. This rule applies to fixed base operators, restaurants, snack bars, gift shops, ticket counters...

  10. Base

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulmand, Lise-Lotte; Johansson, Christer

    2004-01-01

    BASE - Engelsk basisgrammatik er resultatet af Lise-Lotte Hjulmands grundige bearbejdning og omfattende revidering af Christer Johanssons Engelska basgrammatik. Grammatikken adskiller sig fra det svenske forlæg på en lang række punkter. Den er bl.a. tilpasset til et dansk publikum og det danske...

  11. Sustainable assessment of learning experiences based on projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio TRAVERSO RIBÓN

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In a project-based learning experience, the detailed monitoring of the activities in which team members participate can be useful to evaluate their work. Using learning-oriented assessment procedures, supervisors can assess the teamwork abilities with a formative purpose. Evaluation strategies such as self-assessment, peer assessment and co-assessment are often used to make evaluation formative and sustainable. Conducting an assessment strategy is not easy for team members, since they need before to have a reasonable understanding of the evaluation process and criteria. This paper describes a learning-oriented evaluation methodology and an open data framework that can be applied to collaborative project settings. An evaluation rubric and a series of indicators that provide evidences about the developed skills have been elaborated and applied in a small-scale project-based course. Projects were managed and developed with the help of an open source software forge that contains a ticketing tool for planning and tracking of tasks, a version control repository to save the software outcomes, and using a wiki to host text deliverables. The experience provides evidences in favor of using the assessment method and open data framework to make teamwork evaluation more sustainable.

  12. Airline price discrimination: a practice of yield management or customer profiling?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Constantinides, Efthymios; Diercks, Rasha H.J.

    2014-01-01

    Airline ticket prices frequently change, which is usually caused by yield management as price discrimination practice. Recently, buyers of online airline tickets tend to complain about price discrimination based on customer profiling, e.g. by means of cookie data. As cookie data and other directly o

  13. Model-based Qualitative Risk Assessment for Availability of IT Infrastructures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zambon, Emmanuele; Etalle, Sandro; Wieringa, Roelf J.; Hartel, Pieter H.

    2011-01-01

    For today’s organisations, having a reliable information system is crucial to safeguard enterprise revenues (think of on-line banking, reservations for e-tickets etc.). Such a system must often offer high guarantees in terms of its availability; in other words, to guarantee business continuity, IT

  14. A PhD abstract presentation on Personal Information Privacy System based on Proactive Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dhotre, Prashant Shantaram; Olesen, Henning

    2014-01-01

    Mobile and wireless communication have brought many benefits for individuals, who are using their smart devices. The services include audio and video calls, connecting your friends and relatives, online shopping, movie tickets, and etc. These services are seems to free of cost; however the service...

  15. 基于XML的JDF在印刷数字化工作流程中的应用与分析%XML-based Job Definition Format Integrated Product Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    燕向晖

    2004-01-01

    Job definition format (JDF)is a comprehensive, XML-based file format proposed industry standard for end-to-end job ticket specifications combined with a message description standard and message interchange protocol. XML is the backbone behind JDF and computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM). It reviews the beginning of XML and XML-based JDF, and then introduces some key techniques for advanced integration of the production chain by use of a XML-based JDF. Future research directions are also presented.%JDF(活件定义格式)是一种综合的基于XML的文件格式,它结合信息描述标难和信息传输协议,为端到端的工作规范提供了工业标准.XML是JDF和CIM(计算机集成制造)支柱技术.首先介绍了XML和基于XML的JDF格式的产生和发展现状,然后介绍了利用基于XML的JDF整合生产流程链的关键技术.最后分析了该研究领域的发展趋势.

  16. 基于SEM的12306网站顾客满意度测评研究%Customer Satisfaction Evaluation of 12306 Website Based on SEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅田; 张亚竞; 徐光香; 温德成

    2014-01-01

    Based on the investigation and analysis of 12306 website users, this paper builds a customer satisfaction model of 12306 website by using structural equation model (SEM), and then corrects the model with the help of SPSS and AMOS. The paper also lists the key factors that affect 12306 website customer satisfaction, develops a measurement table of ticket website customer satisfaction and analyses the investigation results, providing reasonable suggestions on improving the customer satisfaction of 12306 website.%本文通过对12306网站的使用者进行全面细致的调研分析,以结构方程模型(SEM)为分析方法,SPSS及AMOS软件为分析工具,建立网络购票顾客满意度模型,并开发了网络购票顾客满意度测量表,对其顾客满意度进行了调查分析,为12306网站顾客满意度的提升提供依据和合理化建议。

  17. Research and Utilization of QR Code Generation Based on Android Platform%Android平台二维码生成技术研究与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于营; 江翠婷

    2016-01-01

    Because the qr code carries large amounts of information as the form of pictures,the qr code generation technology is widely used in the field of e-commerce,ticketing system,and so on.In this paper,we study the imaging and drawing function of Android,acquire,analysis and encode the data in the qr code based on the encoding and decoding principle of qr code in Android platform,realize two modules of the qr code generation and recognition,and solve the problem of qr code generation and recognition.%由于二维码能以图片的形式承载大量的信息,二维码生成技术目前在电子商务、票务系统等领域得到了广泛应用.本文以Android为平台,通过研究Android的摄像和绘图功能,利用二维码的编码和解码原理,对二维码的数据进行获取、解析和编码,实现对二维码的生成和识别两个功能模块,解决了二维码的生成和识别问题.

  18. Venue Recommendation and Web Search Based on Anchor Text

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE NOV 2014 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE...breweries, chocolate, art & enter- tainment, ticket sales, theater, galleries, arcades, venues, spas, massage, museums, jazz and blues, music venues, mini... jazz and blues, pubs, outdoor, zoos, parks, amusement park, garden, lake, travel service, Shopping, home decor, dept stores, stationery, tobacco shop

  19. An Evaluation Model for NBA Coaches Based on En-tropy-TOPSIS Method%基于熵权TOPSIS评价法的NBA教练执教水平评价模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾洲一; 邱瑾

    2015-01-01

    NBA,which is the best national basketball as-sociation in the world, has brought up generations of ex-cellent coaches. Based on the data from the relevant web-sites of NBA ( www. basketball-reference. com and www. stat-nba. com ) and valid data from Wikipedia, we con-struct a Coaching Evaluation System of NBA( including 4 level I indicators and 12 level II indicators) . We establish the Entropy-TOPSIS model by combining Entropy Method with TOPSIS evaluation method to obtain the value of en-tropies and weights corresponding to 12 level II indica-tors. Then, we define Standard Decision-making Matrix and Standard Weighting Matrix to calculate the composite indices of coaching level. 53 coaches in NBA are analyzed and evaluated. The result shows that the top-ranking coa-ches have extensive experience in finals like Phil Jack-son,Red Auerbach,Pat Riley,Don Nelson,John Kundla, et al. ,while lowly-ranked coaches are lacking of experi-ences in the playoffs including Sam Mitchell, Don Chaney,Red Kerr,Jack McKinney,et al.%NBA作为世界上水平最高的篮球联盟,培养了一批又一批的优秀教练。本文基于NBA的相关网站( basketball-reference. com stat-nba. com)以及维基百科中寻找的有效数据,根据评价指标设计的原则和依据,构建NBA教练执教水平评价指标体系(包括4个一级指标和12个二级指标)。本文以TOPSIS评价法为基础,采用了将熵权法和TOPSIS评价法相结合的思路,建立熵权TOPSIS模型,确定12个二级指标的熵值和权重,构建规范化决策矩阵和加权规范矩阵,计算综合指数,对53名 NBA 教练执教水平进行评价分析。结果显示,在NBA教练执教水平排行榜上,位列前几位的教练分别是Phil Jackson、Red Auerbach、Pat Riley、Don Nelson、John Kundla等拥有丰富总决赛经验的教练,而Sam Mitchell、Don Chaney、Red Kerr、Jack McKin-ney等教练因缺乏季后赛经验排在后几位。

  20. Influence of changing the distance of the 3-point line in basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Montero

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Los objetivos del presente estudio fueron: 1 comprobar la influencia de la modificación de la distancia en la línea que delimita el triple (de 6.25 a 6.75 metros sobre el porcentaje de acierto en los tiros de 3 puntos, durante los partidos de liga regular y playoff y 2 determinar si dicha modificación influye en la cantidad de tiros realizados por los diferentes puestos específicos en baloncesto (base, escolta, alero, ala pívot y pívot, así como en el porcentaje de acierto. Los datos se obtuvieron de la web oficial de la ACB (www.acb.com e incluyen todos los partidos de la liga regular y del playoff jugados durante las temporadas 2009-2010 (n = 290 partidos y 7185 lanzamientos de 3 puntos y 2010-2011 (n = 288 partidos y 6145 lanzamientos de 3 puntos; registrando, únicamente, a los jugadores que participaron ambas temporadas en dicha competición en elmismo equipo (n = 115. Los principales resultados indican que el número de tiros de 3 realizados en la temporada 2009/2010 es superior a los realizados en la temporada siguiente, 2010/2011, en la que se retrasa la línea que delimita el triple. Se puede apreciar, en la comparación de ambas temporadas, la existencia de diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre aleros por el número de lanzamientos intentados, entre todos los puestos por el número de lanzamientos convertidos y entre escoltas en los porcentajes de acierto del conjunto del equipo; diferencias que no se manifiestan en los partidos de playoff.

  1. AFSC/REFM: Digitized 2005 GOA Trawl Logbooks merged with Fish Ticket and Observer data

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The data include a full year of logbook forms for vessels 60-124 feet in length (the partial coverage fleet) that had participated in the trawl flatfish fishery of...

  2. Competition and Cooperation between Professional Sports Franchises: The Impact on Ticket Prices

    OpenAIRE

    Pelnar, Gregory

    2009-01-01

    An important issue in many antitrust lawsuits involving professional sports leagues and their member teams is the extent to which franchises within the same, and across different, professional sports leagues compete with one another for fans and advertisers. Complicating the issue is the fact that some sports franchises also cooperate with other franchises in the same or different leagues by, for example, participating in a joint venture to build and operate the stadium in which they will pla...

  3. TICKET TO RIDE: THE TENSIONS BETWEEN THE COUNTERCULTURE MOVEMENT AND CONSUMPTION IN BEATLES LYRICS

    OpenAIRE

    LUCIANA VILLELA DE MORAES SARMENTO

    2006-01-01

    A contracultura foi um movimento impulsionado pela juventude da década de 1960 que se chocou com a sociedade capitalista e ia contra os seus princípios. Entretanto, para que este movimento de contracultura pudesse se desenvolver, ele necessitava da cultura de massa - que pertence à sociedade capitalista - para se desenvolver e espalhar sua mensagem pelo mundo. São essas tensões entre consumo e contracultura que são detalhadas nesta dissertação, a partir ...

  4. Ticket to ride: export of proteins to the Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocyte.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Przyborski, Jude M; Nyboer, Britta; Lanzer, Michael

    2016-07-01

    The malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum exports numerous proteins to its chosen host cell, the mature human erythrocyte. Many of these proteins are important for parasite survival. To reach the host cell, parasites must cross multiple membrane barriers and then furthermore be targeted to their correct sub-cellular localisation. This novel transport pathway has received much research attention in the past decades, especially as many of the mechanisms are expected to be parasite-specific and thus potential targets for drug development. In this article we summarize some of the most recent advances in this field, and highlight areas in which further research is needed.

  5. Escenario, butaca y ticket: el mercado de la cultura en el periodismo cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elkin Rubiano

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Mediante un análisis de contenido de tipo estadístico, el presente estudio busca indagar qué noción de «cultura» es la que se construye en las páginas culturales de revistas y periódicos de circulación nacional. Los resultados del estudio muestran que hay una estrecha relación entre la economía de la cultura y las páginas culturales. Esta relación deja de lado otras posibilidades de entender la cultura (pluralidad, conflicto, proceso, lo que estaría indicando que la práctica profesional del periodismo cultural muestra una mínima o incluso inexistente autonomía: la cultura, como evento, se subordina a lógica económica de las industrias culturales.

  6. Desdemona and a ticket to space; training for space flight in a 3g motion simulator

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wouters, M.

    2014-01-01

    On October 5, 2013, Marijn Wouters and two other contestants of a nation-wide competition ‘Nederland Innoveert’ underwent a space training exercise. One by one, the trainees were pushed to their limits in the Desdemona motion simulator, an experience that mimicked the Space Expedition Corporation (S

  7. The Ticket to Retention: A Classroom Assessment Technique Designed to Improve Student Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divoll, Kent A.; Browning, Sandra T.; Vesey, Winona M.

    2012-01-01

    Classroom assessment techniques (CATs) or other closure activities are widely promoted for use in college classrooms. However, research on whether CATs improve student learning are mixed. The authors posit that the results are mixed because CATs were designed to "help teachers find out what students are learning in the classroom and how well…

  8. Reading in the Hyperconnected Information Era: Lessons from the Beijing Ticket Scam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruth, Alison

    2009-01-01

    In this paper I argue that the kinds of literacy needed for making sense of information on websites is more nuanced and embedded in our everyday context that we are currently providing for learners. The kinds of analysis of websites which allow the processing of information in context are presented. This is demonstrated by an analysis of a scam…

  9. United Mileage Plus Reward You Free Ticket to United Destination of Your Choice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      Mileage Plus members earn miles and redeem awards to over700 destinations in more than 130countries when by fly in United Airlines or any one of the 15 Star Alliance member airlines. Mileage Plus members also can earn and redeem miles with nine other non-Star Alliance partner airlines. Awards can be earned quickly in the MP program.……

  10. United Mileage Plus Reward You Free Ticket to United Destination of Your Choice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Mileage Plus members earn miles and redeem awards to over700 destinations in more than 130countries when by fly in United Airlines or any one of the 15 Star Alliance member airlines. Mileage Plus members also can earn and redeem miles with nine other non-Star Alliance partner airlines. Awards can be earned quickly in the MP program.

  11. TICKET TO RIDE: THE TENSIONS BETWEEN THE COUNTERCULTURE MOVEMENT AND CONSUMPTION IN BEATLES LYRICS

    OpenAIRE

    LUCIANA VILLELA DE MORAES SARMENTO

    2006-01-01

    A contracultura foi um movimento impulsionado pela juventude da década de 1960 que se chocou com a sociedade capitalista e ia contra os seus princípios. Entretanto, para que este movimento de contracultura pudesse se desenvolver, ele necessitava da cultura de massa - que pertence à sociedade capitalista - para se desenvolver e espalhar sua mensagem pelo mundo. São essas tensões entre consumo e contracultura que são detalhadas nesta dissertação, a partir ...

  12. Analysis on inbound tourists satisfaction in China:an empirical study based on the investigation of 5 cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin Rong; Wang Xueping

    2009-01-01

    In China,the tourism industry is regarded as one means of fostering local economic development.This paper tries to examine inbound tourism development in China in the last decade and analyze inbound tourism's satisfaction of their travel experience with tourist attractions,facilities,services and price by an empirical study based on the investigation of Lanzhou,Wuhan,Guangzhou,Shanghai and Beijing.This paper discusses the demographie characteristics of visitors from Hong Kong,Macao and Taiwan,US,Korea and Japan by surveying a sample of 528 visitors in five different cities.The survey showed that four provinces/autonomous region in western China ranked the top 10 popular destinations.Chinese natural landscape,culture and food were highly regarded by the tourists.At the same time,tourists expressed less satisfaction with tourist language convenience,tourist facility and nightlife in China.It was also found that only 7.4% of the tourists thought travel in China was far more than what they had paid,that 6.5% regarded they got what they paid for,and that 34.9% thought the travel cost was reasonable.Most tourists were satisfied with their travel experience in China;many of them would like to return to China and would like to recommend China.For the sustainable development of tourism,Chinese tourism authorities should strengthen the construction,propaganda and management of scenic spots,improve tourist facility and tourist edueation,especially language convenience,and strengthen the supervision of tickets,souvenir and hotel prtce.

  13. The impact of design-based modeling instruction on seventh graders' spatial abilities and model-based argumentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConnell, William J.

    Due to the call of current science education reform for the integration of engineering practices within science classrooms, design-based instruction is receiving much attention in science education literature. Although some aspect of modeling is often included in well-known design-based instructional methods, it is not always a primary focus. The purpose of this study was to better understand how design-based instruction with an emphasis on scientific modeling might impact students' spatial abilities and their model-based argumentation abilities. In the following mixed-method multiple case study, seven seventh grade students attending a secular private school in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States underwent an instructional intervention involving design-based instruction, modeling and argumentation. Through the course of a lesson involving students in exploring the interrelatedness of the environment and an animal's form and function, students created and used multiple forms of expressed models to assist them in model-based scientific argument. Pre/post data were collected through the use of The Purdue Spatial Visualization Test: Rotation, the Mental Rotation Test and interviews. Other data included a spatial activities survey, student artifacts in the form of models, notes, exit tickets, and video recordings of students throughout the intervention. Spatial abilities tests were analyzed using descriptive statistics while students' arguments were analyzed using the Instrument for the Analysis of Scientific Curricular Arguments and a behavior protocol. Models were analyzed using content analysis and interviews and all other data were coded and analyzed for emergent themes. Findings in the area of spatial abilities included increases in spatial reasoning for six out of seven participants, and an immense difference in the spatial challenges encountered by students when using CAD software instead of paper drawings to create models. Students perceived 3D printed

  14. An Upgradeable Agent-Based Model to Explore Non-Linearity and Intangibles in Peacekeeping Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-01

    49 Figure 11. UML diagram of the BasicGoalManager, Goals, and Tickets.........................52 Figure 12. Generalized PRIZREN ...from reaching a certain area of a historic old town ( Prizren , Kosovo). Figure 1 shows the Graphical User Interface (GUI) in which the scenario is...in the context of peacekeeping missions: The map exercise takes place in PRIZREN , KOSOVO. German peacekeeping forces have been deployed to PRIZREN

  15. Design of chamber of commerce system based on Web Java%基于Java Web的商会贩卖系统的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵爽; 刘忠富

    2016-01-01

    Chamber of commerce trafficking system is produced based on user needs and market research. The paper designs and implements the following functions as managing small chamber of commerce employees, customers, products, and shipping orders, procurement of goods registration, as well as related operations. So that operation of the entire chamber of commerce, all conducted online. The proposed system converts the traditional paper ticket information into easily saved information data. Meanwhile traditional and complex management of chamber is also transformed into management practices conforming to today's information age.The entire project is divided into front⁃end Web page development and the back⁃end database development. The interface is beautiful and easy to operate, satisfying the needs of the modern chamber of commerce.%商会贩卖系统基于用户的需求和市场调研而产生,设计实现管理小型商会的员工、顾客、商品,以及出货订单、采购商品的登记及相关操作,使整个商会的运营全部在网上进行,将传统的纸质票据转化为易保存的信息数据,以数据库表格的形式存储,将传统复杂的商会管理方式转变成符合当今信息时代的管理方式。整个项目分为Web前端页面开发,以及后端数据库开发;界面美观易操作,符合现代商会需求。

  16. The 1983 ARI Survey of Army Recruits: Tabular Description of 1983 (Active) Army Accessions. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-01

    regular season games E - NFL playoffs and Super Bowl F - College football G - Baseball playoffs and World Series H - NBA basketball I - College... basketball J - NHL hockey Survey forms (position): A155 C125 TOTAL surveyed is 5,741 MALE I-IIIA HSDG/POST RESPONSES TO T138 BY TERM OF ENLISTMENT 2 YEAR 3

  17. The 1983 ARI Survey of Army Recruits: Tabular Description of 1983 (Active) Army Accessions. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-01

    games D - Major league baseball-regular season games E - NFL playoffs and Super Bowl F - College football G - Baseball playoffs and World Series H - NBA ... basketball I - College basketball J - NHL hockey Survey forms (position): A155 C125 TOTAL surveyed is 5,741 T138 BY GENDER MALE FEMALE TOTAL 2 n 4810

  18. Delving Deeper: Studying Baseball's Wild-Card Team Using Probability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auer, Richard E.; Knapp, Michael P.

    2013-01-01

    The modern era of professional baseball playoffs began in 1903, when the champions of the American League and the National League played the first World Series. Except for one year, 1904, this playoff system was maintained until 1969. Beginning in 1969, each of the two leagues in Major League Baseball (MLB) was divided into two divisions to…

  19. Airline Booking Terminal OPEN/CLOSE Decision System Based on Gennetic Application%基于遗传算法的机票预订终端开/闭决策系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关巍

    2013-01-01

    收益管理已在许多领域得到了新的应用,在航空业尤为突出.为了最大限度地提高航空公司的收益,本文提出了基于遗传算法的机票预订和运输终端开/闭决策优化系统.在这个系统中,可以观测到特定预订终端的历史数据,其频率随着对预定的语言变量和偏差的解读而变化,利用观测数据和遗传算法对终端开/闭决策系统进行优化.最后,运用真实数据进行的实验结果表明,该系统前景广阔.%Revenue management has been applied in many areas, particularly in the airline industry. In order to maximize the airline's income, this paper presents a genetic algorithm based on the ticket reservation and transportation terminal open/closed decision optimization system. In this system, a particular book terminal of historical data can be observed, the frequency with to predetermined language variables and deviation of the interpretation and change. Meanwhile, this paper uses observation data and genetic algorithm to decide the open/closed decision system optimization. Finally, the real data in the experiment results show that this system has wide prospect.

  20. 一种基于权重与轮询的双层仲裁算法%A Two-level Arbitration Algorithm Based on Weight and Round-robin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴睿振; 杨银堂; 张丽; 陆锋雷

    2013-01-01

    A two-level arbitration algorithm based on weight and Round-Robin (RR) is presented. It sets weight by tickets and employs improved Fixed Priority (FP) and RR arbitration to work in turn respectively under the conditions that there is no contention and there exit heavy contentions. In the NonIdling and NonPreemptive (NINP) model, the proposed arbitration algorithm is much better in the output bandwidth ratio, bandwidth utilization, power, fanout and it also has advantages in speed and area compared with the commonly-used FP, RR and Lottery arbitration algorithms. The proposed arbitration algorithm is suitable in various request environments, simple in logic and easy to implement, so it can be applied to SoC bus systems.%该文提出一种基于权重与轮询(Round-Robin, RR)的双层仲裁算法,在无冲突和多冲突情况下分别采用改进的固定优先级(Fixed Priority, FP)和RR仲裁轮流工作,并通过彩票项设置权重。在非空非抢占(NonIdling and NonPreemptive, NINP)模型下相比传统FP, RR和Lottery仲裁算法有更好的输出带宽比、带宽占用率和功耗,在速度和面积上有一定优势。该算法适应多种请求环境,逻辑简单,容易实现,可应用于总线结构的片上系统(System-on-Chip, SoC)。

  1. Analysis on optimizations of passenger flow organizations in Beijing South Station based on Anylogic simulation%基于Anylogic仿真技术的北京南站客流组织优化分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛艳青; 张喜

    2012-01-01

    Aimed at the complexity of passenger organizations in the ground floor of Beijing South Station, according to the characteristics of function location layout and passenger flow distribution, it was analyzed and simulated the passenger flow of the ground floor of Beijing South Station by Anylogic micro-dynamic simulation software, set up a dynamic simulation environment model of passenger flow organization and designed a simulation process and evaluation index system. Based on the analysis of multi-index for the congestion bottleneck distribution of passenger flow within the Station, the queue length and waiting time, etc, put forward practical operation optimization scheme of the reasonable disposition and management of the customer service equipment (such as inspection ticketing system equipment, safety inspection system equipment, transfer channel service equipment, etc.), provided the basis for decision of practical operation management.%本文针对北京南站地下一层客流组织的复杂性,依据站内功能区位布局及客流分布特征,利用Anylogic微观动态仿真软件对北京南站地下一层客流进行了仿真分析.建立了客流组织动态仿真环境模型,设计了仿真流程和评价指标体系.通过对站内的客流拥堵瓶颈分布、排队长度、等待时间等多指标评价分析,提出了客服设备(检售票系统设备、安全检查系统设备、换乘通道服务设备等)合理配置与运用管理的优化方案,为实际运营管理决策提供了依据.

  2. Seat inventory control methods for Chinese passenger railways

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包云; 刘军; 马敏书; 孟令云

    2014-01-01

    Railway seat inventory control strategies play a crucial role in the growth of profit and train load factor. The railway passenger seat inventory control problem in China was addressed. Chinese passenger railway operation features and seat inventory control practice were analyzed firstly. A dynamic demand forecasting method was introduced to forecast the coming demand in a ticket booking period. By clustering, passengers’ historical ticket bookings were used to forecast the demand to come in a ticket booking period with least squares support vector machine. Three seat inventory control methods:non-nested booking limits, nested booking limits and bid-price control, were modeled under a single-fare class. Different seat inventory control methods were compared with the same demand based on ticket booking data of Train T15 from Beijing West to Guangzhou. The result shows that the dynamic non-nested booking limits control method performs the best, which gives railway operators evidence to adjust the remaining capacity in a ticket booking period.

  3. Metro mobile ticketing system using QR code ticket on personal mobile terminal device%基于手机QR码车票的地铁移动票务系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    为实现地铁票务的移动化,分析现有移动票务形式和地铁票务特点,提出采用QR码作为地铁车票信息媒介的地铁移动票务方案,设计一个基于手机QR码车票的地铁移动票务系统,分析实现该系统所需的关键技术,并对系统进行仿真模拟测试.研究结果表明:此地铁移动票务方案具有可行性,不仅能够实现地铁票务的移动化,而且能够降低地铁自动售检票系统的前期购置成本和后期维护成本、精简车票流通业务和现金管理业务;手机QR码车票具有安全性,可多次循环使用,不可伪造、不可冒用、不可多人同时使用,无需关联乘客隐私;移动票务系统不仅能够完成地铁移动车票的自动售检票功能,而且可向乘客提供地铁增值服务和推送地铁实时消息,给乘客提供优质便捷服务.

  4. Two tickets to paradise: multiple dispersal events in the founding of hoary bat populations in Hawai'i

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Amy L.; Pinzari, Corinna A.; Vonhof, Maarten J.; Olival, Kevin J.; Bonaccorso, Frank

    2015-01-01

    The Hawaiian islands are an extremely isolated oceanic archipelago, and their fauna has long served as models of dispersal in island biogeography. While molecular data have recently been applied to investigate the timing and origin of dispersal events for several animal groups including birds, insects, and snails, these questions have been largely unaddressed in Hawai'i's only native terrestrial mammal, the Hawaiian hoary bat, Lasiurus cinereus semotus. Here, we use molecular data to test the hypotheses that (1) Hawaiian L. c. semotus originated via dispersal from North American populations of L. c. cinereus rather than from South American L. c. villosissimus, and (2) modern Hawaiian populations were founded from a single dispersal event. Contrary to the latter hypothesis, our mitochondrial data support a biogeographic history of multiple, relatively recent dispersals of hoary bats from North America to the Hawaiian islands. Coalescent demographic analyses of multilocus data suggest that modern populations of Hawaiian hoary bats were founded no more than 10 kya. Our finding of multiple evolutionarily significant units in Hawai'i highlights information that should be useful for re-evaluation of the conservation status of hoary bats in Hawai'i.

  5. ‘Do You Want a Receipt?’ Combating VAT and RST Evasion with Lottery Tickets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.J.C. Hemels (Sigrid); M. Fabbri (Marco)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractGovernments both in developed and developing countries are facing the problem of value added tax (VAT) and retail sales tax (RST) evasion. This explains a growing interest in policies alternative to the traditional methods of deterrence. This paper describes the achievements resulting

  6. An Evaluation of the Eclox Chemiluminescence Test, Hach Pesticide/Nerve Agent Test Strips, and Agri-Screen Test Tickets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-30

    communication), so stock solutions were titrated with 1N HCl or 1N NaOH until their pH was in the suitable Eclox testing range (pH 6-8). 3. Results... titrating pentachlorophenol in 50 millimolar (mM) phosphate buffer with 1 molar hydrochloric acid to pH 7.5. Test chemicals were used either the...Chromatograph Sigma-Aldrich >14 days 99.5 Chloramine [monochloramine] 10599-90-3 4º C / dark amperometric titration Sigma-Aldrich 24 hrs NA

  7. The Analysis on the Relationship of Tourist Attraction Interest Groups of the Cities Along the Yangtze River in Anhui Province based on the Game Theory%基于博弈视角的皖江城市带旅游景区利益群体关系测度分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦广虎

    2013-01-01

      文章基于旅游景区利益群体关系复杂的背景,运用博弈论中的不完全信息动态博弈理论,分析我国旅游景区利益群体间的利益构成、影响因素和博弈形成的不同格局,通过对皖江城市带景区利益群体关系实证分析,探讨利益群体间的博弈关系发展轨迹,并从门票价格制定、旅行社服务质量、当地居民行为规范、景区的服务与接待能力提升和政府利益再分配等方面,提出改善我国旅游景区利益群体关系的对策。%Based on the complex background of the tourist attraction interest groups, the paper uses the Game Theory of incompleta-tion information dynamic, analyses the interests constitutation 、factors and different patterns of formation among tourist attraction interest groups, through the analysis of the patterns, from the ticket price formulation, the service quality of travel agency, the local residents be-havior,promotion of the service and reception ability, and government redistribution of interests to explore the development path of the in-terest groups and the countermeasures to improve the relationship among interest groups in our country.

  8. Price discrimination strategy of low-cost airlines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrović Jelena

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The main objective of this research was to determine whether the prices of airline tickets increase monotonically over time. The authors analyzed the market share of low-cost airlines during the period after the Serbian air transport deregulation of the lines connecting Belgrade to other worldwide destinations. In the observed period, Wizz Air achieved the highest increase in market share. This airline held a monopoly over all lines except the Belgrade-Rome line in the observed period. Based on the theorem on monotonic function, Spearman's coefficient, and data on Wizz Air's airfare changes for the Belgrade-Rome line, the results indicate a correlation between the time of ticket purchase and its price, but the prices of low-cost airline tickets do not monotonically increase over time.

  9. Based on Grey Correlation Analysis Study on Tourism Income Structure of Forest Park in Jiangxi Province%基于灰色关联分析的江西省森林公园旅游收入结构研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红

    2016-01-01

    以江西省境内的森林公园旅游经营收入为研究对象,运用灰色关联分析理论,系统分析了2004年~2014年江西省森林公园旅游经营收入结构特征及其动态变化,得到了有意义的结果:江西省森林公园旅游收入中,食宿收入的平均关联度最大( r =0.8418),与旅游相关的其他收入的平均关联度最小( r =0.6889)。门票收入的关联度呈现出先调整性增长,后较稳定下调,而后持续增加的趋势;食宿收入的关联度一直稳定下调,而后又报复性增长;娱乐收入的关联度在调整中呈现出平稳的下降趋势;而与旅游相关的其他收入在调整中呈现出不断增长的态势。基于灰色动态关联分析,提出了增加旅游服务范围、调整旅游门票价格、丰富娱乐活动特色、重视林下经济发展等建议。%Grey relational analysis theory was applied to analyze the features and changes of the tourism business income of forest parks from 2004 to 2014 in Jiangxi province. Meaningful results are obtained: For the tourism business income of the forest parks in Jiangxi province, accommodation in-comes are highly correlated ( r=0. 841 8) , while other kinds of tourism incomes are least correlated ( r =0. 688 9) . The correlation of tickets income showed a trend of increasing at first and then de-creased as time going on, but increased again over the last period. The correlation of accommodation income decreased at first, but then turned to increase over time. The correlation of entertainment in-come decreased steadily all the time during the adjustment period. However, the correlation of other tourism incomes increased steadily in the adjustment period. Based on the results of grey dynamic cor-relation analysis, suggestions like increase services, adjust the ticket prices, increase entertainments and emphasize the development of forest economy were proposed.

  10. 基于RFM模型的通勤人群公交忠诚度研究%Commuters' Loyalty to Public Transit Based on RFM Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙世超; 杨东援

    2015-01-01

    Based on the data collected from commuters'transit usage questionnaire in Shanghai, this paper analyzes commuters'loyalty to public transit by the use of RFM model in marketing and some relevant statistical approaches. The definition and classification of the"loyalty"are discussed from two dimensions which can be denoted as"behavioral loyalty"and"attitudinal loyalty". Combined with theories on service level of bus transit, customer satisfaction and loyalty, the distribution of the interviewed commuter's loyalty to public transit in Shanghai is given under the two dimensions. Then, casual model is also conducted to analyze the influence factor of the"loyalty". The results indicate that about 33% interviewed commuters who had shown a high-intensity usage of bus transit may transferred to other transport modes and the"loyalty"is influenced by age, education, ticket price, bus waiting time, stability of travel time and crowding.%以上海市通勤人群公交使用情况问卷调查数据为依托,运用营销学领域中识别顾客忠诚度的RFM模型及相关统计学方法,从"行为忠诚"与"态度忠诚"两方面探讨乘客公交忠诚度的界定与划分,并结合公交服务质量,顾客满意度和顾客忠诚度的相关理论,重点分析上海市通勤人群公交忠诚度的分布情况,并在此基础上建立公交忠诚度影响因素分析模型.结果表明,约1/3受访者虽然目前表现出高强度的公交使用行为,但未来有向公共系统外的其他交通方式转移趋势和风险,而公交使用的态度忠诚度主要受年龄、教育背景、轨道交通票价、公交候车时间、行程时间稳定性及公交车厢拥挤程度影响.

  11. 基于LSB的QR码数字水印算法研究%Research on Digital Watermarking Algorithm Based on LSB for QR Code

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱本威; 万武南; 陈运

    2012-01-01

    Digital image watermarking algorithm based on micro structural adjustment theory is widely used in 2D code. Since the invisibility of this watermark is poor, it requires a high capacity 2D code as carrier, and the 2D code with this watermark is not suitable for preservation as electronic document. Considering these problems, a fragile watermarking algorithm for QR Code is proposed. It combines least significant bit algorithm with matrix encoding to improve both the invisibility and embedding efficiency of watermark by reducing the num of least significant bit that need to be modified. Theoretical analyses and experiment show that the invisibility of watermark is no longer restrained by QR Code capacity, and the size of watermark can be suitable adjusted according to the carrier. 2D code with this new watermark can be preserved as electronic document and used as e-ticket for mobile.%基于二维码的数字水印算法主要通过微调二维码的图形结构实现水印嵌入,隐蔽性较差,要求二维码图像具有较高的信息容量,而且不适合以电子形式保存.针对这些问题,提出一种适用于快速响应矩阵码的脆弱水印算法.在最不重要位替换嵌入算法的基础上引入矩阵编码,以此减少需要修改的最不重要位的位数,因而能够在增强水印隐蔽性的同时,有效地提高水印信息的嵌入效率.理论和实验分析表明,水印的隐蔽性不再受到快速响应矩阵码容量的影响,水印信息的大小也可以根据快速响应矩阵码的容量适当调节.用新方法嵌入水印的二维码图像适合以电子形式保存,并且能够广泛地应用于终端设备对电子票证的防伪验证.

  12. Loyalty programmes as a direct sales platform: a cardholder segmentation based on air flight redemptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Ponzoa Casado

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available There are increasingly more loyalty programmes that offer cardholders the opportunity of buying additional programme points or obtaining rewards, such as package holidays or air flights, by paying some of the cost in cash. This feature of the programmes, together with their very nature and structure and the current situation in which the tourism sector finds itself, has allowed for their development as sales platforms offering services directly to their members.This work discusses the potential of such programmes as a tool for a better knowledge and segmentation of customers by differentiating between them on the basis of those who redeem their rewards on a points-only basis and those that do so using points-plus-cash.Using information from a leading, Spanish, multi-sponsor, loyalty programme, this article analyses the importance of redeeming air tickets only, as against other rewards, and cash contributions as a means of completing the redemption transaction. By means of decision trees, as a segmentation method, it can be seen how variables related with buying behaviour, within the programme member companies, have an influence on the redemption of air tickets by the programme’s cardholders.

  13. Creating Visual Design and Meaningful Audience Experiences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steijn, Arthur; Ion Wille, Jakob

    2014-01-01

    consider digital media and new technologies as appropriate ways to reach new audiences. However in the field of classical composition music, new technologies have more than often been applied mainly to online ticket sales, web based marketing, and social medias. The focus of our work at the School...

  14. Being Architect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Merrild, Heidi

    2016-01-01

    Being Architect The film relates to an ongoing collaboration between ´Resilient Vejle´ and Aarhus School of Architecture. It is based on a participatory workshop with Bachelor students in December 2015, where the former ticket hall of the station was transformed into a temporary and on site design...

  15. Task-Oriented Spoken Dialog System for Second-Language Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Oh-Woog; Kim, Young-Kil; Lee, Yunkeun

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduces a Dialog-Based Computer Assisted second-Language Learning (DB-CALL) system using task-oriented dialogue processing technology. The system promotes dialogue with a second-language learner for a specific task, such as purchasing tour tickets, ordering food, passing through immigration, etc. The dialog system plays a role of a…

  16. Lotus Base

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mun, Terry; Bachmann, Asger; Gupta, Vikas

    2016-01-01

    exploration of Lotus genomic and transcriptomic data. Equally important are user-friendly in-browser tools designed for data visualization and interpretation. Here, we present Lotus Base, which opens to the research community a large, established LORE1 insertion mutant population containing an excess of 120...... such data, allowing users to construct, visualize, and annotate co-expression gene networks. Lotus Base takes advantage of modern advances in browser technology to deliver powerful data interpretation for biologists. Its modular construction and publicly available application programming interface enable...... developers to tap into the wealth of integrated Lotus data. Lotus Base is freely accessible at: https://lotus.au.dk....

  17. American Osteopathic Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the playoffs. READ MORE #SaveOMT victory: CMS excludes OMT codes from list for potential revaluation The 2017 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule preserves OMT as a frontline, nonpharmaceutical treatment for pain. READ ...

  18. Touch BASE

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2015-01-01

    In a recent Nature article (see here), the BASE collaboration reported the most precise comparison of the charge-to-mass ratio of the proton to its antimatter equivalent, the antiproton. This result is just the beginning and many more challenges lie ahead.   CERN's AD Hall, where the BASE experiment is set-up. The Baryon Antibaryon Symmetry Experiment (BASE) was approved in June 2013 and was ready to take data in August 2014. During these 14 months, the BASE collaboration worked hard to set up its four cryogenic Penning traps, which are the heart of the whole experiment. As their name indicates, these magnetic devices are used to trap antiparticles – antiprotons coming from the Antiproton Decelerator – and particles of matter – negative hydrogen ions produced in the system by interaction with a degrader that slows the antiprotons down, allowing scientists to perform their measurements. “We had very little time to set up the wh...

  19. The 1984 ARI Survey of Army Recruits: User’s Manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-01

    take and pass in high school? 93. Major league baseball playoffs 94. World Series (Mark all that apply) 95. NBA basketball A. Elementary Algebra B. Plane...regular G. On a farm or ranch season games 105. Major league baseball playoffs 106. World Series 116. Which of the following mathematics 107. NBA ... basketball and technical courses, if any, did you take and pass in high school? 108. College basketball ( 109. NHL hockey A. Elementary Algebra 110

  20. The 1984 ARI Survey of Army Recruits: Supplementary User’s Manual for October 1984/February 1985 Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-01

    league baseball playoffs 106. World Series 116. Which of the following mathematics 107. NBA basketball and technical courses, if any, did you take and pass...baseball playoffs 94. World Series (Mark all that apply) 95. NBA bdsketball A. Elementary Algebra B. Plane Geometry e 96. College basketball C...in high school? 108. College basketball (Mark all that apply) 109. NHL hockey A. Elementary Algebra 110. Professional wrestling S. Plane Geometry C

  1. The 1984 ARI Survey of Army Recruits: Tabular Description of NPS Army Reserve Accessions. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-01

    12 PROB. 0.1867 I 186 T261 — NATCH TV PROG’NBA BASKETBALL NARK ONE LETTER FOR EACH OF THE FOLLOWING PROGRAMS OR PROGRAMMING TYPES ON TV: NBA ...Major league baseball — regular seaaon games 105. Major league baaaball playoffs 106. World Series 107. NBA baaketball 106. College basketball 109...BASEBALL PLAYOFFS HATCH TV PROG:WORLD SERIES HATCH TV PROG:NBA BASKETBALL HATCH TV PROG:COLLEGE BASKETBALL HATCH TV PROG:NHL HOCKEY HATCH TV

  2. The 1984 ARI Survey of Army Recruits: Tabular Description of NPS (active) Army Accessions. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-01

    YOU WATCH ANY OF THE FOLLOWING PROGRAMS OR PROGRAMMING TYPES ON TV? - NBA BASKETBALL 1 - REGULARLY TURN ON THE TV TO WATCH IT 2 - SOMETIMES WATCH IT...league baseball — regular season games 105. Major league baseball playoffs 106. World Series 107. NBA basketball 108. College basketball 109...LAG BASEBALL PLAYOFFS WORLD SERIES MBA BASKETBALL COLLEGE BASKETBALL NHL HOCKEY PROFESSIONAL WRESTLING CAR RACES 154 156 158- 160 162- 164

  3. Web based foundry knowledge base

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Stawowy

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The main assumptions and functions of proposed Foundry Knowledge Base (FKB are presented in this paper. FKB is a framework forinformation exchange of casting products and manufacturing methods. We use CMS (Content Management System to develope andmaintain our web-based system. The CastML – XML dialect developed by authors for description of casting products and processes – isused as a tool for information interchange between ours and outside systems, while SQL is used to store and edit knowledge rules and alsoto solve the basic selection problems in the rule-based module. Besides the standard functions (companies data, news, events, forums and media kit, our website contains a number of nonstandard functions; the intelligent search module based on expert system is the main advantage of our solution. FKB is to be a social portal which content will be developed by foundry community.

  4. Revenue Management Model for Dedicated Passenger Line Based on Passengers' Buy-up Behavior%基于旅客buy-up行为的铁路客运专线收益管理模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱丙益; 帅斌; 陈崇双; 李静; 黄丽霞

    2013-01-01

    基于旅客buy-up行为,探讨铁路客运专线收益管理问题.假定客运专线每个OD有一等票和二等票两种等级车票,在旅客buy-up概率已知条件下,以各OD两种车票的嵌套式预订限制为决策变量,建立一个带约束的非线性整数规划模型,并利用粒子群算法进行求解.算例结果表明:随着旅客buy-up概率的增大,二等票的预订限制逐渐减小,而客运专线总期望收益逐渐增加.%Revenue management of dedicated passenger railway line was explored on the basis of passengers' buy-up behavior.It was assumed that each itinerary has two kinds of tickets:the first class ones and second class ones.Taking the probability of passengers' buy-up behaviour as known conditions and the nested booking limits of the two classes of tickets of each itinerary as decision variables,the constrained nonlinear integer programming model was established and solved by the particle swarm algorithm.Numerical example results show that along with raizing of the probability of passengers' buy-up behavior,the nested booking limits of the second class tickets reduce gradually and the expected total revenues of the dedicated passenger railway line increase gradually.The effectiveness of the model is proved in practice.

  5. Foundation: Transforming data bases into knowledge bases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purves, R. B.; Carnes, James R.; Cutts, Dannie E.

    1987-01-01

    One approach to transforming information stored in relational data bases into knowledge based representations and back again is described. This system, called Foundation, allows knowledge bases to take advantage of vast amounts of pre-existing data. A benefit of this approach is inspection, and even population, of data bases through an intelligent knowledge-based front-end.

  6. To trade or not to trade: The moderating role of vividness when exchanging gambles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Maimaran

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Individuals are generally reluctant to trade goods---a phenomenon identified as the endowment effect. This paper focuses on consumers' puzzling reluctance to exchange gambles, and in particular lottery tickets with identical distribution (i.e., same odds of winning, and identifies the ticket's vividness as an important moderator. Three studies demonstrate that individuals are more willing to exchange less vivid lottery tickets (e.g., tickets concealed in envelopes, or tickets with an unknown number compared to more vivid tickets (e.g., tickets not concealed in envelopes, or tickets with a known number when offered an incentive to exchange. Moreover, this effect is mediated by anticipated regret, such that less regret is anticipated when exchanging less vivid tickets, thus increasing individuals' willingness to exchange tickets.

  7. Change-Exchange Currency based Vending Machine using VHDL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikita Khandelwal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A vending machine is a coin-operated, automatic device which dispenses items such as snacks, beverages, lottery tickets, consumer products and even gold and gems to customers automatically, after the customer inserts currency or credit into the machine. These are more accessible and practical than the convention purchasing method. It is for the reason that vending machines provide us for our necessities almost instantly and with high quality, that people consider it as a very much reliable choice. In this paper a new approach is proposed to design a Vending Machine with automatic currency change or exchange multi select feature using which user can get a change of its currency or can exchange its currency to other available currency options. The machine also supports a cancel feature which means that the user can withdraw the request and the money will be returned back to him. This machine can be used at various places like Hotels, Restaurants, Stations and shopping centers. This reduces the time and cost. The proposed model is implemented using FPGA, the simulation results and circuit parameters are also presented.

  8. How much biomass can be removed from a system without negative effects on soil fertility? Memo. Report on BUS ticket no. 30

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verhagen, J. [Plant Research International PRI, Wageningen UR, Wageningen (Netherlands); Elbersen, W. [Agrotechnology and Food Innovations A and F, Wageningen UR, Wageningen (Netherlands)

    2004-05-01

    Crop residues usually are left on the fields or put back to contribute to the maintenance of soil fertility (C, N, K, P, etc). In case all biomass is going to be harvested the nutrient cycle is no longer in balance and deminishing of soil fertility may occur. Questions to be answered are (1) How much biomass can be removed from a system without negative effects on soil fertility?; (2) Discuss the factors that determine these effects on soil fertility, with special emphasis on straw in Poland; (3) Discuss the effect on farm management and agri-economy. The Biomass Upstream Steering committee (BUS), consisting of the participating consortium partners, was created to generate new ideas, select and rank the most promising ones to be worked out in more detail and to invite market parties to jointly set up R and D projects on upstream biomass.

  9. Examining the Relationship between College Football Season Ticket Holders' Service Personal Values and Their Behavioral Intentions: The Moderating Effect of Team Identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Gary Peng-Liang

    2011-01-01

    Recently, some college football programs have experienced unsustainable attendance growth, increases in revenue discrepancies, stagnant "revenue growth", and increased operating costs (Brown, 2009; Fulks, 2009; Fullerton & Morgan, 2009; Jackson, 2005; NCAA, 2009, 2010). These problems can be examined from customer service, social identification,…

  10. Examining the Relationship between College Football Season Ticket Holders' Service Personal Values and Their Behavioral Intentions: The Moderating Effect of Team Identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Gary Peng-Liang

    2011-01-01

    Recently, some college football programs have experienced unsustainable attendance growth, increases in revenue discrepancies, stagnant "revenue growth", and increased operating costs (Brown, 2009; Fulks, 2009; Fullerton & Morgan, 2009; Jackson, 2005; NCAA, 2009, 2010). These problems can be examined from customer service, social…

  11. To Enjoy the Humanistic Olympics with 45 Performances My Dream V for the Olympic Games Six Million Ticket Money to Reward Loves both from Home and Abroad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Dear friends,We remember that we travel all over China and visit more than 60 countries giving performances with the encouragement of audience both at home and abroad.We are gratified that China Disabled Peoples Performing Art Troupe not only succeeds in supporting ourselves and our development with the incomes from commercial performances but also present joys for audience.

  12. Why Consumers Buy Lottery Tickets When the Sun Goes Down on Them. The Depleting Nature of Weather-Induced Bad Moods.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Bruyneel (Sabrina); S. Dewitte (Siegfried); Ph.H.B.F. Franses (Philip Hans); M.G. Dekimpe (Marnik)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractWe propose that weather conditions can influence consumers’ engagement in lottery play. A longitudinal study on the extent of lottery play in Belgium shows that lottery expenditures are indeed higher after reduced exposure to sunshine, even after controlling for people’s inertia, time-v

  13. On Ticket Fare Elasticity in Urban Mass Transit%城市轨道交通票价弹性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱霞

    2015-01-01

    价格是影响交通方式选择的重要因素.分析了影响城市轨道交通的票价弹性的因素,总结归纳了国外与城市公共交通相关的票价弹性研究结果.从票价弹性的影响因素出发,分析了城市轨道交通票价弹性的相关影响因子,并对国内城市轨道交通票价政策的制定提出了建议.

  14. Examining the Relationship between College Football Season Ticket Holders' Service Personal Values and Their Behavioral Intentions: The Moderating Effect of Team Identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Gary Peng-Liang

    2011-01-01

    Recently, some college football programs have experienced unsustainable attendance growth, increases in revenue discrepancies, stagnant "revenue growth", and increased operating costs (Brown, 2009; Fulks, 2009; Fullerton & Morgan, 2009; Jackson, 2005; NCAA, 2009, 2010). These problems can be examined from customer service, social…

  15. The Price Tickets Instead of Currency of Shanghai during the War against Japan%抗战时期上海的"代价券"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑祖安

    1999-01-01

    @@ 第二次世界大战爆发以后,在东南亚,尽管日本侵略者以其军事优势占领了许多国家和地区,但各国人民顽强抵抗,在前方战场和沦陷区内仍与之作不懈的殊死斗争.

  16. 网上飞机票预订系统设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Online Air Ticket Booking System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈骏

    2010-01-01

    该文在对航空公司管理信息系统调查分析的基础上,结合WEB开发技术,确定了网上飞机票预订系统的功能需求.在此基础上提出方案总体设计,采用B/S构架,用Microsoft SQL Server 2000作为数据库管理系统,实现了用户注册、飞机票的查询、预订等功能,从而使航空公司通过网络最大可能的提高服务质量,也极大地方便了广大乘客.

  17. 假车票网上热卖专为年底报销%Fake tickets are online selling Special for reimbursement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ 在网络里一些卖家贩卖为报销而特意制作的假火车票.近一个月来,卖家们的生意十分红火,购买者多是为了报销赚取差价.有关部门表示,倒卖假火车票用于报销涉嫌违法.有关人士表示,要抑制假发票等票证的泛滥,必须改变传统的现金报销制度. 年底将至,不少单位纷纷下发报销票据的截止通知,网络上求购各种发票的帖子热闹起来.记者目前发现,在网络上活跃着一批专做这类报销生意的卖家,他们的店铺打着收藏废旧火车票的招牌,其实在贩卖为报销而专门制作的高仿废旧火车票.

  18. Did men of taste and civilization save the stage? Theatre-going in Rotterdam, 1860-1916. A statistical analysis of ticket sales

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ph.H.B.F. Franses (Philip Hans); H. Gras (Henk); M. Ooms (Marius)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractThis essay deals with Dutch theater history of the second half of the 19th century (1860—1916). It statistically tests, whether the dominant opinion in Dutch theater writing, that after 1870 the stage recovered from a half century of decline, due to a renewed interest in it by the city

  19. INVOLUTIVE BASES UNDER COMPOSITION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zailiang TANG

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, the behaviors of involutive bases under composition operation are studied.For two kinds of involutive bases, i.e., Pommaret bases, Janet bases, we study their behavior problems under composition. Some further problems are also proposed.

  20. Migration of the CERN IT Data Centre Support System to ServiceNow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez Alonso, R.; Arneodo, G.; Barring, O.; Bonfillou, E.; Coelho dos Santos, M.; Dore, V.; Lefebure, V.; Fedorko, I.; Grossir, A.; Hefferman, J.; Mendez Lorenzo, P.; Moller, M.; Pera Mira, O.; Salter, W.; Trevisani, F.; Toteva, Z.

    2014-06-01

    The large potential and flexibility of the ServiceNow infrastructure based on "best practises" methods is allowing the migration of some of the ticketing systems traditionally used for the monitoring of the servers and services available at the CERN IT Computer Centre. This migration enables the standardization and globalization of the ticketing and control systems implementing a generic system extensible to other departments and users. One of the activities of the Service Management project together with the Computing Facilities group has been the migration of the ITCM structure based on Remedy to ServiceNow within the context of one of the ITIL processes called Event Management. The experience gained during the first months of operation has been instrumental towards the migration to ServiceNow of other service monitoring systems and databases. The usage of this structure is also extended to the service tracking at the Wigner Centre in Budapest.

  1. Computer monitors natural-gas-liquids line

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muldoon, J.F.; Wilson, W.O.

    1974-12-09

    A new computer-based system continuously monitors composition, flow, and specific gravity of natural-gas liquids flowing in a pipeline. Compositional analysis is performed automatically, under computer control, by a process gas chromatograph. The chromatograph is tailored for hydrocarbon analysis and will separate these compounds into individual components: nitrogen, carbon dioxide, methane, ethane, propane, n-butane, isobutane, n-pentane, isopentane, 1-hexane, 2-hexane, 3-hexane, 4-hexane, and heptanes-and-heavier. At the completion of the analysis, the compositional totals, barrels, and pounds, are updated based on flow and average specific gravity. Reports generated include a compositional report, a subtotal ticket report, and a ticket report. The new system, designated Pro-PACE-100, has been successfully installed in several pipeline applications, including one for Mid-America Pipeline Co. in New Mexico.

  2. Analysis of Vertiport Studies Funded by the Airport Improvement Program (AIP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-05-01

    to-portal costs and the value of time saved, as well as convenient access to vertiports, and de-emphasize the difference between the airline and...services will be passengers who would be willing to pay a higher ticket price for the value of time saved. primarily the business traveler. The...studies. The Illinois study based its demand forecasts upon a combined analytic approach that the study termed as 1) the value of time methodology, and 2

  3. A Month in the Life of Groupon

    OpenAIRE

    Byers, John W.; Mitzenmacher, Michael; Potamias, Michalis; Zervas, Georgios

    2011-01-01

    Groupon has become the latest Internet sensation, providing daily deals to customers in the form of discount offers for restaurants, ticketed events, appliances, services, and other items. We undertake a study of the economics of daily deals on the web, based on a dataset we compiled by monitoring Groupon over several weeks. We use our dataset to characterize Groupon deal purchases, and to glean insights about Groupon's operational strategy. Our focus is on purchase incentives. For the primar...

  4. 基于结构方程模型的城市公园居民游憩满意度%Residents recreation satisfaction index of Beijing city parks based on SEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛小岗; 宋金平; 冯徽徽; 赵倩

    2013-01-01

    City parks are the main spaces for residents' daily recreation. It is of important significance to measuring residents' recreation satisfaction so as to improve the quality of its recreation. In this paper, based on the advancement of currently internationally widely-used customer satisfaction models (CSM), and associated with the factors of city parks' recreation, a structural equation model of measuring residents' recreation satisfaction index (RRSI) of city parks was established. Taking Beijing as an example, and based on scale design, questionnaire and survey, we examined the model. According to results of the model, among three latent variables influencing residents' recreation satisfaction index, the impact of "the accessibility" is the largest, followed by "the perceived quality" and "the perceived value" . Furthermore it is found that several observable variables, including "the distance from the residential areas" and "the public transports" inside "the accessibility" of latent variable, "the quality of landscape" , "the recreation facilities" , "the park security" , "the activities" and "signs system" inside "the perceived quality" of latent variable, and "the tickets and the expense" inside "the perceived value" of latent variable, have more significant impact on latent variables, which are main factors that can influence residents' recreation satisfaction. On this basis, this paper put forward suggestions in three aspects to improve the recreation quality of city parks: firstly, parks' accessibility should be advanced through perfecting traffic network and extending city parks' coverage to residential areas; secondly, construction of the parks' facilities and service should be enhanced; finally, residents in Beijing should be free from charge of city parks and openess of the "parks in parks be enlarged".%城市公园是承载居民日常游憩的主要空间,度量居民在城市公园的游憩满意度对于改善公园的游憩品质具有重要意

  5. Location Privacy in RFID Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeghi, Ahmad-Reza; Visconti, Ivan; Wachsmann, Christian

    RFID-enabled systems allow fully automatic wireless identification of objects and are rapidly becoming a pervasive technology with various applications. However, despite their benefits, RFID-based systems also pose challenging risks, in particular concerning user privacy. Indeed, improvident use of RFID can disclose sensitive information about users and their locations allowing detailed user profiles. Hence, it is crucial to identify and to enforce appropriate security and privacy requirements of RFID applications (that are also compliant to legislation). This chapter first discusses security and privacy requirements for RFID-enabled systems, focusing in particular on location privacy issues. Then it explores the advances in RFID applications, stressing the security and privacy shortcomings of existing proposals. Finally, it presents new promising directions for privacy-preserving RFID systems, where as a case study we focus electronic tickets (e-tickets) for public transportation.

  6. A dynamic knowledge base based search engine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hui-jin; HU Hua; LI Qing

    2005-01-01

    Search engines have greatly helped us to find thedesired information from the Intemet. Most search engines use keywords matching technique. This paper discusses a Dynamic Knowledge Base based Search Engine (DKBSE), which can expand the user's query using the keywords' concept or meaning. To do this, the DKBSE needs to construct and maintain the knowledge base dynamically via the system's searching results and the user's feedback information. The DKBSE expands the user's initial query using the knowledge base, and returns the searched information after the expanded query.

  7. Solid Base Catalysis

    CERN Document Server

    Ono, Yoshio

    2011-01-01

    The importance of solid base catalysts has come to be recognized for their environmentally benign qualities, and much significant progress has been made over the past two decades in catalytic materials and solid base-catalyzed reactions. The book is focused on the solid base. Because of the advantages over liquid bases, the use of solid base catalysts in organic synthesis is expanding. Solid bases are easier to dispose than liquid bases, separation and recovery of products, catalysts and solvents are less difficult, and they are non-corrosive. Furthermore, base-catalyzed reactions can be performed without using solvents and even in the gas phase, opening up more possibilities for discovering novel reaction systems. Using numerous examples, the present volume describes the remarkable role solid base catalysis can play, given the ever increasing worldwide importance of "green" chemistry. The reader will obtain an overall view of solid base catalysis and gain insight into the versatility of the reactions to whic...

  8. Four Years of Media Habits: Implications for U.S. Army Advertising to the Prime Market

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-12-01

    X NBA Basketball NSA BASKETBALL X X College Basketball COLLEGE BASKETBALL X X College Basketball Playoffs COLLEGE PLAYOFFS NHL Hockey NHL HOCKEY x x...BASEBALLO 19.65 23.16 21.03 23.73 BASEBALL PLAYOFFS 29.28 32.54 28.79 31.53 WORLD SERIES 44.19 46.61 38.01 48.79 NBA BASKETBALL 20.26 27.41 20.67...SERIES 47.64 46.46 46.57 43.33 NBA BASKETBALL 34.60 39.40 45.32 63.33 COLLEGE BASKETBALL 31.50 35.63 41.09 53.33 COLLEGE PLAYOFFSO NHL HOCKEYb 12.07

  9. QR Code Design of Information Security Based on Rijndael Encryption Algorithm and SHA512 Encryption Algorithm%基于SHA512哈希函数和Rijndael加密算法QR二维码信息安全设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖本海; 郑莹娜; 龙建明; 郭盼盼

    2015-01-01

    随着二维码技术广泛应用于电子票务、银行支票、电子保单等多个领域,二维码的信息泄露和信息篡改等安全问题日益突出。为提高二维码内部信息的安全性能,从对二维码内部信息加密和二维码信息防篡改俩个角度来提高。基于Visual Studio 2008 C#平台,设计了一种采用SHA512哈希函数和Rijndael加密算法混合加密的方法,该方法利用Rijndael加密和SHA512数字签名等技术,对Rijndael第一次加密密钥系统随机分配,并对系统随机分配密钥采用二次Rijndael加密防护方法,并通过SHA512对二维码内部信息防篡改校验,达到对二维码信息及其加密密钥的安全保护。在生成QR二维码之前实现了信息加密,并从系统构架、算法原理和实现及安全性能等多个方面进行了测试和分析。分析表明此方法提高了二维码信息的安全性能,达到对密钥高效管理和对信息的多重保护,而在加密后密文信息容量较明文信息有所增加。%With the QR code technology being widely applied in electronic ticketing, bank checks, E-commerce and other fields, many safety problems have emerged, such as information leakage and data tampering. Based on Visual Studio 2008 c platform, the method with Rijndael random variable and random keys secondary Rijndael encryption protection is proposed using Rijndael encryption and SHA512 digital signature technology. This paper presents a novel design of information security before generating QR code. The encryption principle, algorithm and implementation, safety performance of the proposed method are discussed. Also corresponding testing and analysis are provided to verify the feasibility of the proposed algorithm. Results have proved that the information safety performance of QR code is greatly increased with the encryption algorithm, the efficient management and the multiple- protection to a key. This just causes a smaller increase

  10. Knowledge Based Strategies for Knowledge Based Organizations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Madalina Cristina Tocan

    2012-01-01

    In the present, we can observe that a new economy is arising. It is an economy based on knowledge and ideas, in which the key factor for prosperity and for creation of the new jobs is the knowledge capitalization...

  11. Knowledge Based Strategies for Knowledge Based Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    In the present, we can observe that a new economy is arising. It is an economy based on knowledge and ideas, in which the key factor for prosperity and for creation of the new jobs is the knowledge capitalization. Knowledge capitalization, intellectual capital, obtaining prosperity in the market economy imposes a new terminology, new managerial methods and techniques, new technologies and also new strategies. In other words, knowledge based economy, as a new type of economy; impose a new type...

  12. VectorBase

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — VectorBase is a Bioinformatics Resource Center for invertebrate vectors. It is one of four Bioinformatics Resource Centers funded by NIAID to provide web-based...

  13. Mobile Inquiry Based Learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Specht, Marcus

    2012-01-01

    Specht, M. (2012, 8 November). Mobile Inquiry Based Learning. Presentation given at the Workshop "Mobile inquiry-based learning" at the Mobile Learning Day 2012 at the Fernuniversität Hagen, Hagen, Germany.

  14. Mobile Inquiry Based Learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Specht, Marcus

    2012-01-01

    Specht, M. (2012, 8 November). Mobile Inquiry Based Learning. Presentation given at the Workshop "Mobile inquiry-based learning" at the Mobile Learning Day 2012 at the Fernuniversität Hagen, Hagen, Germany.

  15. "Education-based Research"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Degn Johansson, Troels

    This paper lays out a concept of education-based research-the production of research knowledge within the framework of tertiary design education-as an integration of problem-based learning and research-based education. This leads to a critique of reflective practice as the primary way to facilitate...... learning at this level, a discussion of the nature of design problems in the instrumentalist tradition, and some suggestions as to how design studies curricula may facilitate education-based research....

  16. Convergent Filter Bases

    OpenAIRE

    Coghetto Roland

    2015-01-01

    We are inspired by the work of Henri Cartan [16], Bourbaki [10] (TG. I Filtres) and Claude Wagschal [34]. We define the base of filter, image filter, convergent filter bases, limit filter and the filter base of tails (fr: filtre des sections).

  17. Stolen Base Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kagan, David

    2013-01-01

    Few plays in baseball are as consistently close and exciting as the stolen base. While there are several studies of sprinting, the art of base stealing is much more nuanced. This article describes the motion of the base-stealing runner using a very basic kinematic model. The model will be compared to some data from a Major League game. The…

  18. Convergent Filter Bases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coghetto Roland

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available We are inspired by the work of Henri Cartan [16], Bourbaki [10] (TG. I Filtres and Claude Wagschal [34]. We define the base of filter, image filter, convergent filter bases, limit filter and the filter base of tails (fr: filtre des sections.

  19. A Method for Using Player Tracking Data in Basketball to Learn Player Skills and Predict Team Performance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Skinner

    Full Text Available Player tracking data represents a revolutionary new data source for basketball analysis, in which essentially every aspect of a player's performance is tracked and can be analyzed numerically. We suggest a way by which this data set, when coupled with a network-style model of the offense that relates players' skills to the team's success at running different plays, can be used to automatically learn players' skills and predict the performance of untested 5-man lineups in a way that accounts for the interaction between players' respective skill sets. After developing a general analysis procedure, we present as an example a specific implementation of our method using a simplified network model. While player tracking data is not yet available in the public domain, we evaluate our model using simulated data and show that player skills can be accurately inferred by a simple statistical inference scheme. Finally, we use the model to analyze games from the 2011 playoff series between the Memphis Grizzlies and the Oklahoma City Thunder and we show that, even with a very limited data set, the model can consistently describe a player's interactions with a given lineup based only on his performance with a different lineup.

  20. ANS Based Submarine Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-08-01

    computer based simulation proraon supplied by Dr. John Ware at Computer Sceinces Corporation (CSC). Thee am two reasons to use simulated data instead...ANS (Artificial Neural System) capable of modeling submarine perfomncie based on full scale data generated using a computer based simulabon program...The Optimized Entropy algorilth enables the solutions to diffcu problems on a desktop computer within an acceptable time frame. Ob6ectve for w

  1. Pattern Based Morphometry

    OpenAIRE

    Gaonkar, Bilwaj; Pohl, Kilian; Davatzikos, Christos

    2011-01-01

    Voxel based morphometry (VBM) is widely used in the neuroimaging community to infer group differences in brain morphology. VBM is effective in quantifying group differences highly localized in space. However it is not equally effective when group differences might be based on interactions between multiple brain networks. We address this by proposing a new framework called pattern based morphometry (PBM). PBM is a data driven technique. It uses a dictionary learning algorithm to extract global...

  2. 基于模糊综合评价的主题公园游客满意度研究——以芜湖方特欢乐世界为例%Research on the Satisfication of Theme Park Visitors Based on Fuzzy Comprehension Evaluation: A Case Study in Wuhu Fantawild Adventure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廉同辉; 余菜花; 包先建; 芦松

    2012-01-01

    conducted in 2010, we made an empirical analysis of tourist satisfaction with fuzzy comprehension evaluation method; lastly, we divided the matrix into four quadrants in terms of the importance value and tourist satisfaction with performance analysis method and assessed the importance and satisfaction of the 24 indexes which impact tourist satisfaction. Based on tourist satisfaction for the current situation, we proposed several measures to enhance the satisfaction of theme park tourists, such as adjusting prices of ticket and merchandise, properly handling tourist complaints, guiding the construction of live shows and carrying out scheduled services to enhance the value of travel services.

  3. Case-based reasoning

    CERN Document Server

    Kolodner, Janet

    1993-01-01

    Case-based reasoning is one of the fastest growing areas in the field of knowledge-based systems and this book, authored by a leader in the field, is the first comprehensive text on the subject. Case-based reasoning systems are systems that store information about situations in their memory. As new problems arise, similar situations are searched out to help solve these problems. Problems are understood and inferences are made by finding the closest cases in memory, comparing and contrasting the problem with those cases, making inferences based on those comparisons, and asking questions whe

  4. Imagery Data Base Facility

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Imagery Data Base Facility supports AFRL and other government organizations by providing imagery interpretation and analysis to users for data selection, imagery...

  5. Soy-based polyols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suppes, Galen; Lozada, Zueica; Lubguban, Arnold

    2013-06-25

    The invention provides processes for preparing soy-based oligomeric polyols or substituted oligomeric polyols, as well as urethane bioelasteromers comprising the oligomeric polyols or substituted oligomeric polyols.

  6. Gasification-based biomass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    The gasification-based biomass section of the Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations describes the technical and economic status of this emerging renewable energy option for electricity supply.

  7. Synthetic Base Fluids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, M.; Fotheringham, J. D.; Hoyes, T. J.; Mortier, R. M.; Orszulik, S. T.; Randles, S. J.; Stroud, P. M.

    The chemical nature and technology of the main synthetic lubricant base fluids is described, covering polyalphaolefins, alkylated aromatics, gas-to-liquid (GTL) base fluids, polybutenes, aliphatic diesters, polyolesters, polyalkylene glycols or PAGs and phosphate esters.Other synthetic lubricant base oils such as the silicones, borate esters, perfluoroethers and polyphenylene ethers are considered to have restricted applications due to either high cost or performance limitations and are not considered here.Each of the main synthetic base fluids is described for their chemical and physical properties, manufacture and production, their chemistry, key properties, applications and their implications when used in the environment.

  8. Monitoring Knowledge Base (MKB)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Monitoring Knowledge Base (MKB) is a compilation of emissions measurement and monitoring techniques associated with air pollution control devices, industrial...

  9. Disordered gambling among university-based medical and dental patients: a focus on Internet gambling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladd, George T; Petry, Nancy M

    2002-03-01

    The authors evaluated gambling behaviors, including Internet gambling, among patients seeking free or reduced-cost dental or health care. Three hundred eighty-nine patients at university health clinics completed a questionnaire that included the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS; H. R. Lesieur & S. Blume, 1987). All respondents had gambled in their lifetimes, with 70% gambling in the past 2 months. On the basis of SOGS scores, 10.6% were problem gamblers, and 15.4% were pathological gamblers. The most common forms of gambling were lottery, slot machines, and scratch tickets. Internet gambling was reported by 8.1% of participants. Compared to non-Internet gamblers, Internet gamblers were more likely to be younger, non-Caucasian, and have higher SOGS scores. This study is among the first to evaluate the prevalence of Internet gambling and suggests that people who gamble on the Internet are likely to have a gambling problem. Results also illuminate the need to screen patients seeking health care services for gambling problems.

  10. Empirically Based, Agent-based models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elinor Ostrom

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available There is an increasing drive to combine agent-based models with empirical methods. An overview is provided of the various empirical methods that are used for different kinds of questions. Four categories of empirical approaches are identified in which agent-based models have been empirically tested: case studies, stylized facts, role-playing games, and laboratory experiments. We discuss how these different types of empirical studies can be combined. The various ways empirical techniques are used illustrate the main challenges of contemporary social sciences: (1 how to develop models that are generalizable and still applicable in specific cases, and (2 how to scale up the processes of interactions of a few agents to interactions among many agents.

  11. 苹果与微软

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    天丰

    2011-01-01

    Three Microsoft engineers and three Apple employees are traveling by train to a computer conference.At the station,the three Microsoft engineers buy three tickets but the three Apple employees buy only one ticket.

  12. Secure base stations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, Peter; Brusilovsky, Alec; McLellan, Rae; Mullender, Sape; Polakos, Paul

    2009-01-01

    With the introduction of the third generation (3G) Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) base station router (BSR) and fourth generation (4G) base stations, such as the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Long Term Evolution (LTE) Evolved Node B (eNB), it has become important to se

  13. Diffusion Based Photon Mapping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjøth, Lars; Olsen, Ole Fogh; Sporring, Jon

    2006-01-01

    . To address this problem we introduce a novel photon mapping algorithm based on nonlinear anisotropic diffusion. Our algorithm adapts according to the structure of the photon map such that smoothing occurs along edges and structures and not across. In this way we preserve the important illumination features......, while eliminating noise. We call our method diffusion based photon mapping....

  14. Diffusion Based Photon Mapping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjøth, Lars; Fogh Olsen, Ole; Sporring, Jon

    2007-01-01

    . To address this problem we introduce a novel photon mapping algorithm based on nonlinear anisotropic diffusion. Our algorithm adapts according to the structure of the photon map such that smoothing occurs along edges and structures and not across. In this way we preserve the important illumination features......, while eliminating noise. We call our method diffusion based photon mapping....

  15. Content-Based Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    DelliCarpini, M.; Alonso, O.

    2013-01-01

    DelliCarpini and Alonso's book "Content-Based Instruction" explores different approaches to teaching content-based instruction (CBI) in the English language classroom. They provide a comprehensive overview of how to teach CBI in an easy-to-follow guide that language teachers will find very practical for their own contexts. Topics…

  16. Arizona Geophysical Data Base

    OpenAIRE

    McLeod, Ronald G.

    1981-01-01

    A series of digital data sets were compiled for input into a geophysical data base for a one degree quadrangle in Arizona. Using a Landsat digital mosaic as a base, information on topography, geology, gravity as well as Seasat radar imagery were registered. Example overlays and tabulations are performed.

  17. Revolutionary Base Spurs Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    MAO Zedong’s Autumn Harvest Uprising spurred not only revolution but development and innovation among the masses. In October 1927, Mao Zedong led troops to Jinggang Mountain, establishing the first revolutionary base. During the 1960s, many young people went to work at Jinggang Mountain and devoted their youth to this revolutionary base. The open-minded and shrewd Tong

  18. Model-based geostatistics

    CERN Document Server

    Diggle, Peter J

    2007-01-01

    Model-based geostatistics refers to the application of general statistical principles of modeling and inference to geostatistical problems. This volume provides a treatment of model-based geostatistics and emphasizes on statistical methods and applications. It also features analyses of datasets from a range of scientific contexts.

  19. Content-Based Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    DelliCarpini, M.; Alonso, O.

    2013-01-01

    DelliCarpini and Alonso's book "Content-Based Instruction" explores different approaches to teaching content-based instruction (CBI) in the English language classroom. They provide a comprehensive overview of how to teach CBI in an easy-to-follow guide that language teachers will find very practical for their own contexts. Topics…

  20. Hydrogel based occlusion systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stam, F.A.; Jackson, N.; Dubruel, P.; Adesanya, K.; Embrechts, A.; Mendes, E.; Neves, H.P.; Herijgers, P.; Verbrugghe, Y.; Shacham, Y.; Engel, L.; Krylov, V.

    2013-01-01

    A hydrogel based occlusion system, a method for occluding vessels, appendages or aneurysms, and a method for hydrogel synthesis are disclosed. The hydrogel based occlusion system includes a hydrogel having a shrunken and a swollen state and a delivery tool configured to deliver the hydrogel to a tar

  1. Game-Based Teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hanghøj, Thorkild

    2013-01-01

    This chapter outlines theoretical and empirical perspectives on how Game-Based Teaching can be integrated within the context of formal schooling. Initially, this is done by describing game scenarios as models for possible actions that need to be translated into curricular knowledge practices...... approaches to game-based teaching, which may or may not correspond with the pedagogical models of particular games....

  2. Skull base tumours

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borges, Alexandra [Instituto Portugues de Oncologia Francisco Gentil, Servico de Radiologia, Rua Professor Lima Basto, 1093 Lisboa Codex (Portugal)], E-mail: borgesalexandra@clix.pt

    2008-06-15

    With the advances of cross-sectional imaging radiologists gained an increasing responsibility in the management of patients with skull base pathology. As this anatomic area is hidden to clinical exam, surgeons and radiation oncologists have to rely on imaging studies to plan the most adequate treatment. To fulfil these endeavour radiologists need to be knowledgeable about skull base anatomy, about the main treatment options available, their indications and contra-indications and needs to be aware of the wide gamut of pathologies seen in this anatomic region. This article will provide a radiologists' friendly approach to the central skull base and will review the most common central skull base tumours and tumours intrinsic to the bony skull base.

  3. Southeast Asia Report, Vietnam, SRV Criminal Code.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    anyone who makes or trades in counterfeit train tickets, bus tickets, lottery tickets, postal stamps, fee stamps or other types of counterfeit tickets... gambling and the crime of organizing gambling or operating a gambling establishment. 1. The penalty for anyone who wins or loses money or property...through any form of gambling is a warning, reeducation without detention for a period of up to 1 year or from 3 months to 3 years in prison. 2. The

  4. AIRLINE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    SriLankan Airlines Since September 1,SriLankan Airlines has promoted special offers on airfares in succession. Recent ones include:a roundtrip ticket from Beijing to Bangkok for only 2,215 yuan($300);a roundtrip ticket from Beijing to Colombo for 4,000 yuan($540);a roundtrip ticket from Beijing to the Maldives for 4,700 yuan($635);a roundtrip ticket from Beijing to any desti-

  5. Data base management study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    Data base management techniques and applicable equipment are described. Recommendations which will assist potential NASA data users in selecting and using appropriate data base management tools and techniques are presented. Classes of currently available data processing equipment ranging from basic terminals to large minicomputer systems were surveyed as they apply to the needs of potential SEASAT data users. Cost and capabilities projections for this equipment through 1985 were presented. A test of a typical data base management system was described, as well as the results of this test and recommendations to assist potential users in determining when such a system is appropriate for their needs. The representative system tested was UNIVAC's DMS 1100.

  6. Value-based pricing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Netseva-Porcheva Tatyana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of the paper is to present the value-based pricing. Therefore, the comparison between two approaches of pricing is made - cost-based pricing and value-based pricing. The 'Price sensitively meter' is presented. The other topic of the paper is the perceived value - meaning of the perceived value, the components of perceived value, the determination of perceived value and the increasing of perceived value. In addition, the best company strategies in matrix 'value-cost' are outlined. .

  7. Skull Base Anatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Chirag R; Fernandez-Miranda, Juan C; Wang, Wei-Hsin; Wang, Eric W

    2016-02-01

    The anatomy of the skull base is complex with multiple neurovascular structures in a small space. Understanding all of the intricate relationships begins with understanding the anatomy of the sphenoid bone. The cavernous sinus contains the carotid artery and some of its branches; cranial nerves III, IV, VI, and V1; and transmits venous blood from multiple sources. The anterior skull base extends to the frontal sinus and is important to understand for sinus surgery and sinonasal malignancies. The clivus protects the brainstem and posterior cranial fossa. A thorough appreciation of the anatomy of these various areas allows for endoscopic endonasal approaches to the skull base.

  8. Pattern based morphometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaonkar, Bilwaj; Pohl, Kilian; Davatzikos, Christos

    2011-01-01

    Voxel based morphometry (VBM) is widely used in the neuroimaging community to infer group differences in brain morphology. VBM is effective in quantifying group differences highly localized in space. However it is not equally effective when group differences might be based on interactions between multiple brain networks. We address this by proposing a new framework called pattern based morphometry (PBM). PBM is a data driven technique. It uses a dictionary learning algorithm to extract global patterns that characterize group differences. We test this approach on simulated and real data obtained from ADNI. In both cases PBM is able to uncover complex global patterns effectively.

  9. Lidar base specification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heidemann, Hans Karl.

    2012-01-01

    In late 2009, a $14.3 million allocation from the “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act” for new light detection and ranging (lidar) elevation data prompted the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Geospatial Program (NGP) to develop a common base specification for all lidar data acquired for The National Map. Released as a draft in 2010 and formally published in 2012, the USGS–NGP “Lidar Base Specification Version 1.0” (now Lidar Base Specification) was quickly embraced as the foundation for numerous state, county, and foreign country lidar specifications.

  10. QuickBase

    CERN Document Server

    Conner, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    Ready to put Intuit's QuickBase to work? Our new Missing Manual shows you how to capture, modify, share, and manage data and documents with this web-based data-sharing program quickly and easily. No longer do you have to coordinate your team through a blizzard of emails or play frustrating games of "guess which document is the right one."QuickBase saves your organization time and money, letting you manage and share the information that makes your business tick: sales figures, project timelines, drafts of documents, purchase or work requests--whatever information you need to keep business flowi

  11. Cheboygan Vessel Base

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Cheboygan Vessel Base (CVB), located in Cheboygan, Michigan, is a field station of the USGS Great Lakes Science Center (GLSC). CVB was established by congressional...

  12. Community Based Distribution

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Community Based Distribution (CBD) is a relatively new concept. It is a service that reaches ... neration; Resupply systems; Pricing of contraceptives; Mix of services ... tion on how best to design and implement the project and the community in ...

  13. trimethylammoniumpropane-based Liposomes

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    antibody, vaccines, gene based drugs which are subject to enzymic degradation by proteinases, peptidases, nucleases ... Lyophilized La Sota® vaccine containing 200 doses/vial was ... Each sample was diluted with bi-distilled water and the ...

  14. WormBase

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — WormBase is an international consortium of biologists and computer scientists dedicated to providing the research community with accurate, current, accessible...

  15. Biomimetics: nature based innovation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bar-Cohen, Yoseph

    2012-01-01

    "Based on the concept that nature offers numerous sources of inspiration for inventions related to mechanisms, materials, processes, and algorithms, this book covers the topic of biomimetics and the inspired innovation...

  16. Kelomehele preemia Baseli festivalil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Baselis festivalil "VIPER - International Festival for Film Video and New Media" tunnistati parimaks CD-ROMiks Gustav Deutschi/Anna Schimeki "Odysee today", netiprojektiks itaallaste "01.ORG", äramärkimispreemia - Raivo Kelomehe "Videoweaver"

  17. Hanscom Air Force Base

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — MIT Lincoln Laboratory occupies 75 acres (20 acres of which are MIT property) on the eastern perimeter of Hanscom Air Force Base, which is at the nexus of Lexington,...

  18. Mutually unbiased bases

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S Chaturvedi

    2002-08-01

    After a brief review of the notion of a full set of mutually unbiased bases in an -dimensional Hilbert space, we summarize the work of Wootters and Fields (W K Wootters and B C Fields, Ann. Phys. 191, 363 (1989)) which gives an explicit construction for such bases for the case = r, where is a prime. Further, we show how, by exploiting certain freedom in the Wootters–Fields construction, the task of explicitly writing down such bases can be simplified for the case when is an odd prime. In particular, we express the results entirely in terms of the character vectors of the cyclic group of order . We also analyse the connection between mutually unbiased bases and the representations of .

  19. BaseMap

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — The goal of this project is to provide a convenient base map that can be used as a starting point for CA projects. It's simple, but designed to work at a number of...

  20. Kelomehele preemia Baseli festivalil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Baselis festivalil "VIPER - International Festival for Film Video and New Media" tunnistati parimaks CD-ROMiks Gustav Deutschi/Anna Schimeki "Odysee today", netiprojektiks itaallaste "01.ORG", äramärkimispreemia - Raivo Kelomehe "Videoweaver"

  1. Graphene-based composites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xiao; Qi, Xiaoying; Boey, Freddy; Zhang, Hua

    2012-01-21

    Graphene has attracted tremendous research interest in recent years, owing to its exceptional properties. The scaled-up and reliable production of graphene derivatives, such as graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO), offers a wide range of possibilities to synthesize graphene-based functional materials for various applications. This critical review presents and discusses the current development of graphene-based composites. After introduction of the synthesis methods for graphene and its derivatives as well as their properties, we focus on the description of various methods to synthesize graphene-based composites, especially those with functional polymers and inorganic nanostructures. Particular emphasis is placed on strategies for the optimization of composite properties. Lastly, the advantages of graphene-based composites in applications such as the Li-ion batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, photovoltaic devices, photocatalysis, as well as Raman enhancement are described (279 references).

  2. WEEKLY WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    OPINION Upgraded Tickets On December 10, China’s railway network upgraded one-dimensional barcodes on train tickets into two-dimensional security barcodes, in hopes of reducing counterfeit tickets. The two-dimensional barcodes can only be read by special machines while human eyes are unlikely to tell the difference. According to railway authorities,

  3. GAC-EPA

    CERN Multimedia

    GAC - EPA

    2012-01-01

    Annual Season Ticket "Senior" TPG The Geneva Public Transport company (TPG) has informed the CERN Administration that the 50 CHF discount on the annual season ticket "Senior" will be abolished with effect from 9 December 2012. Consequently, the Staff Association Secretariat can sell such tickets only until Friday 7 December 2012 inclusive. Results of the elections  

  4. Discovering patterns of activity in unstructured incident reports at scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-12

    2015 Carnegie Mellon University Software Engineering Institute Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh , PA 15213 Discovering patterns of activity...patterns of activity in incident reports • US-CERT receives incident reports from a diverse constituency. • Each ticket is an observation of...patterns of activity in incident reports Indicators across tickets Indicators occur with diverse patterns across tickets, reporters and time. Time on

  5. AIRLINE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Qatar Airways Qatar Airways has reached milestone agreements with 50 airlines around the world for interline electronic ticket-ing enabling passengers to travel without a paper ticket to a wider choice of destinations. With the recent additions of Lufthansa and British

  6. Electrochemical Based Biosensors

    OpenAIRE

    Chung Chiun Liu

    2012-01-01

    This editorial summarizes the general approaches of the electrochemical based biosensors described in the manuscripts published in this Special Issue. Electrochemical based biosensors are scientifically and economically important for the detection and early diagnosis of many diseases, and they will be increasing used and developed in the coming years. The importance of the selection of recognition processes, fabrication techniques and biosensor materials will be introduced.

  7. Participatory design based research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dau, Susanne; Falk, Lars; Jensen, Louise Bach

    2014-01-01

    This poster reveal how participatory design based research by the use of a CoED inspired creative process can be used for designing solutions to problems regarding students study activities outside campus.......This poster reveal how participatory design based research by the use of a CoED inspired creative process can be used for designing solutions to problems regarding students study activities outside campus....

  8. DSP Based Waveform Generator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The DSP Based Waveform Generator is used for CSR Control system to control special controlled objects, such as the pulsed power supply for magnets, RF system, injection and extraction synchronization, global CSR synchronization etc. This intelligent controller based on 4800 MIPS DSP and 256M SDRAM technology will supply highly stable and highly accurate reference waveform used by the power supply of magnets. The specifications are as follows:

  9. Image Based Indoor Navigation

    OpenAIRE

    Noreikis, Marius

    2014-01-01

    Over the last years researchers proposed numerous indoor localisation and navigation systems. However, solutions that use WiFi or Radio Frequency Identification require infrastructure to be deployed in the navigation area and infrastructureless techniques, e.g. the ones based on mobile cell ID or dead reckoning suffer from large accuracy errors. In this Thesis, we present a novel approach of infrastructure-less indoor navigation system based on computer vision Structure from Motion techniques...

  10. Hydrogel based occlusion systems

    OpenAIRE

    Stam, F.A.; Jackson, N.; Dubruel, P.; Adesanya, K.; Embrechts, A; Mendes, E.; Neves, H.P.; Herijgers, P; Verbrugghe, Y.; Shacham, Y.; Engel, L.; Krylov, V

    2013-01-01

    A hydrogel based occlusion system, a method for occluding vessels, appendages or aneurysms, and a method for hydrogel synthesis are disclosed. The hydrogel based occlusion system includes a hydrogel having a shrunken and a swollen state and a delivery tool configured to deliver the hydrogel to a target occlusion location. The hydrogel is configured to permanently occlude the target occlusion location in the swollen state. The hydrogel may be an electro-activated hydrogel (EAH) which could be ...

  11. Participatory design based research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dau, Susanne; Bach Jensen, Louise; Falk, Lars

    2014-01-01

    This poster reveal how participatory design based research by the use of a CoED inspired creative process can be used for designing solutions to problems regarding students study activities outside campus.......This poster reveal how participatory design based research by the use of a CoED inspired creative process can be used for designing solutions to problems regarding students study activities outside campus....

  12. REST based mobile applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rambow, Mark; Preuss, Thomas; Berdux, Jörg; Conrad, Marc

    2008-02-01

    Simplicity is the major advantage of REST based webservices. Whereas SOAP is widespread in complex, security sensitive business-to-business aplications, REST is widely used for mashups and end-user centric applicatons. In that context we give an overview of REST and compare it to SOAP. Furthermore we apply the GeoDrawing application as an example for REST based mobile applications and emphasize on pros and cons for the use of REST in mobile application scenarios.

  13. Layered nickel based superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ronning, Filip [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bauer, Eric D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, Tuson [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kurita, Nobuyuki [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Klimczuk, T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Movshovich, R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thompson, J D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sefat, A S [ORNL; Mandrus, D [ORNL

    2009-01-01

    We review the properties of Ni-based superconductors which contain Ni{sub 2}X{sub 2} (X=As, P, Bi, Si, Ge, B) planes, a common structural element to the recently discovered FeAs superconductors. We also compare the properties ofthe Ni-and Fe-based systems from a perspective ofelectronic structure as well as structure-property relations.

  14. ACTIVITY - BASED COSTING DESIGNING

    OpenAIRE

    Wioletta Skibiñska; Marta Kad³ubek

    2010-01-01

    The traditional costing system sometimes does not give accurate information about the consumption of different resources and the activities of the organisation. The activity-based costing system is an information-rich costing system which is more and more necessary for the success of many European companies. Base of designing and implementation of an ABC system in the enterprises are presented in the article.

  15. Base de datos FIA

    OpenAIRE

    Clemente Iturriaga, José Alfredo

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo se basa en el desarrollo de una base de datos en Oracle para la FIA (Federación Internacional de Automovilismo) partiendo de cero. Aquest treball es basa en el desenvolupament d'una base de dades en Oracle per a la FIA (Federació Internacional d'Automobilisme) partint de zero. Bachelor thesis for the Computer Science program on Databases.

  16. The Color Management Based on the Workflow of NexPress 2100 Digital Press%基于NexPress2100的工作流程色彩管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司莉莉

    2008-01-01

    NexPress2100数码印刷设备是靠Nexstation输出工作站来驱动的.在NexStation输出工作站中,有作业传票编辑器(Job Ticket Editor),可对传给它的活件进行印刷参数设定、拼版设定、色彩管理和色彩调整等设置,NexStation可接收的文件格式是PDF格式.因此要使用该数码印刷流程输出活件,要经过以下两个环节:一是将各种文件类型的活件转换为PDF文件;二是用NexStation输出工作站输出。

  17. LDEF materials data bases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funk, Joan G.; Strickland, John W.; Davis, John M.

    1993-01-01

    The Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) and the accompanying experiments were composed of and contained a wide variety of materials representing the largest collection of materials flown in low Earth orbit (LEO) and retrieved for ground based analysis to date. The results and implications of the mechanical, thermal, optical, and electrical data from these materials are the foundation on which future LEO space missions will be built. The LDEF Materials Special Investigation Group (MSIG) has been charged with establishing and developing data bases to document these materials and their performance to assure not only that the data are archived for future generations but also that the data are available to the spacecraft user community in an easily accessed, user-friendly form. This paper discusses the format and content of the three data bases developed or being developed to accomplish this task. The hardware and software requirements for each of these three data bases are discussed along with current availability of the data bases. This paper also serves as a user's guide to the MAPTIS LDEF Materials Data Base.

  18. Swarm-based medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putora, Paul Martin; Oldenburg, Jan

    2013-09-19

    Occasionally, medical decisions have to be taken in the absence of evidence-based guidelines. Other sources can be drawn upon to fill in the gaps, including experience and intuition. Authorities or experts, with their knowledge and experience, may provide further input--known as "eminence-based medicine". Due to the Internet and digital media, interactions among physicians now take place at a higher rate than ever before. With the rising number of interconnected individuals and their communication capabilities, the medical community is obtaining the properties of a swarm. The way individual physicians act depends on other physicians; medical societies act based on their members. Swarm behavior might facilitate the generation and distribution of knowledge as an unconscious process. As such, "swarm-based medicine" may add a further source of information to the classical approaches of evidence- and eminence-based medicine. How to integrate swarm-based medicine into practice is left to the individual physician, but even this decision will be influenced by the swarm.

  19. On mutually unbiased bases

    CERN Document Server

    Durt, Thomas; Bengtsson, Ingemar; Zyczkowski, Karol \\

    2010-01-01

    Mutually unbiased bases for quantum degrees of freedom are central to all theoretical investigations and practical exploitations of complementary properties. Much is known about mutually unbiased bases, but there are also a fair number of important questions that have not been answered in full as yet. In particular, one can find maximal sets of ${N+1}$ mutually unbiased bases in Hilbert spaces of prime-power dimension ${N=p^\\m}$, with $p$ prime and $\\m$ a positive integer, and there is a continuum of mutually unbiased bases for a continuous degree of freedom, such as motion along a line. But not a single example of a maximal set is known if the dimension is another composite number ($N=6,10,12,...$). In this review, we present a unified approach in which the basis states are labeled by numbers ${0,1,2,...,N-1}$ that are both elements of a Galois field and ordinary integers. This dual nature permits a compact systematic construction of maximal sets of mutually unbiased bases when they are known to exist but th...

  20. Paper based electronics platform

    KAUST Repository

    Nassar, Joanna Mohammad

    2017-07-20

    A flexible and non-functionalized low cost paper-based electronic system platform fabricated from common paper, such as paper based sensors, and methods of producing paper based sensors, and methods of sensing using the paper based sensors are provided. A method of producing a paper based sensor can include the steps of: a) providing a conventional paper product to serve as a substrate for the sensor or as an active material for the sensor or both, the paper product not further treated or functionalized; and b) applying a sensing element to the paper substrate, the sensing element selected from the group consisting of a conductive material, the conductive material providing contacts and interconnects, sensitive material film that exhibits sensitivity to pH levels, a compressible and/or porous material disposed between a pair of opposed conductive elements, or a combination of two of more said sensing elements. The method of sensing can further include measuring, using the sensing element, a change in resistance, a change in voltage, a change in current, a change in capacitance, or a combination of any two or more thereof.

  1. Design-Based Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gynther, Karsten; Christensen, Ove; Petersen, Trine Brun

    2012-01-01

    I denne artikel introduceres Design Based Research for første gang på dansk i et videnskabeligt tidsskrift. Artiklen præsenterer de grundlæggende antagelser, som ligger til grund for Design Based Research-traditionen, og artiklen diskuterer de principper, som ligger til grund for gennemførelse af...... et DBR-forskningsprojekt. Med udgangspunkt i forsknings- og udviklingsprojektet ELYK: E-læring, Yderområder og Klyngedannelse, præsenteres den innovationsmodel, som projektet har udviklet med udgangspunkt i Design Based Research traditionen. ELYKs DBR innovationsmodel har vist sig effektiv i forhold...... til projektfremdrift, brugerinvolvering og vidensgenerering, og den vil kunne inspirere andre med interesse i forskningsbaseret udvikling af didaktisk design, der er medieret af digitale teknologier....

  2. Compression-based Similarity

    CERN Document Server

    Vitanyi, Paul M B

    2011-01-01

    First we consider pair-wise distances for literal objects consisting of finite binary files. These files are taken to contain all of their meaning, like genomes or books. The distances are based on compression of the objects concerned, normalized, and can be viewed as similarity distances. Second, we consider pair-wise distances between names of objects, like "red" or "christianity." In this case the distances are based on searches of the Internet. Such a search can be performed by any search engine that returns aggregate page counts. We can extract a code length from the numbers returned, use the same formula as before, and derive a similarity or relative semantics between names for objects. The theory is based on Kolmogorov complexity. We test both similarities extensively experimentally.

  3. Cantilever Based Mass Sensing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dohn, Søren

    2007-01-01

    Cantilever based mass sensors utilize that a change in vibrating mass will cause a change in the resonant frequency. This can be used for very accurate sensing of adsorption and desorption processes on the cantilever surface. The change in resonant frequency caused by a single molecule depends...... on various parameters including the vibrating mass of the cantilever and the frequency at which it vibrates. The minimum amount of molecules detectable is highly dependent on the noise of the system as well as the method of readout. The aim of this Ph.D. thesis has been twofold: To develop a readout method...... suitable for a portable device and to investigate the possibility of enhancing the functionality and sensitivity of cantilever based mass sensors. A readout method based on the hard contact between the cantilever and a biased electrode placed in close proximity to the cantilever is proposed. The viability...

  4. Evidence-Based Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertzum, Morten; Simonsen, Jesper

    2004-01-01

    Systems development is replete with projects that represent substantial resource investments but result in systems that fail to meet users’ needs. Evidence-based development is an emerging idea intended to provide means for managing customer-vendor relationships and working systematically toward...... meeting customer needs. We are suggesting that the effects of the use of a system should play a prominent role in the contractual definition of IT projects and that contract fulfilment should be determined on the basis of evidence of these effects. Based on two ongoing studies of home-care management...

  5. Inkjet-based micromanufacturing

    CERN Document Server

    Korvink, Jan G; Shin, Dong-Youn; Brand, Oliver; Fedder, Gary K; Hierold, Christofer; Tabata, Osamu

    2012-01-01

    Inkjet-based Micromanufacturing Inkjet technology goes way beyond putting ink on paper: it enables simpler, faster and more reliable manufacturing processes in the fields of micro- and nanotechnology. Modern inkjet heads are per se precision instruments that deposit droplets of fluids on a variety of surfaces in programmable, repeating patterns, allowing, after suitable modifications and adaptations, the manufacturing of devices such as thin-film transistors, polymer-based displays and photovoltaic elements. Moreover, inkjet technology facilitates the large-scale production of flexible RFID tr

  6. Identity-based encryption

    CERN Document Server

    Chatterjee, Sanjit

    2011-01-01

    Identity Based Encryption (IBE) is a type of public key encryption and has been intensely researched in the past decade. Identity-Based Encryption summarizes the available research for IBE and the main ideas that would enable users to pursue further work in this area. This book will also cover a brief background on Elliptic Curves and Pairings, security against chosen Cipher text Attacks, standards and more. Advanced-level students in computer science and mathematics who specialize in cryptology, and the general community of researchers in the area of cryptology and data security will find Ide

  7. Iron-based superconductivity

    CERN Document Server

    Johnson, Peter D; Yin, Wei-Guo

    2015-01-01

    This volume presents an in-depth review of experimental and theoretical studies on the newly discovered Fe-based superconductors.  Following the Introduction, which places iron-based superconductors in the context of other unconventional superconductors, the book is divided into three sections covering sample growth, experimental characterization, and theoretical understanding.  To understand the complex structure-property relationships of these materials, results from a wide range of experimental techniques and theoretical approaches are described that probe the electronic and magnetic proper

  8. Video-based rendering

    CERN Document Server

    Magnor, Marcus A

    2005-01-01

    Driven by consumer-market applications that enjoy steadily increasing economic importance, graphics hardware and rendering algorithms are a central focus of computer graphics research. Video-based rendering is an approach that aims to overcome the current bottleneck in the time-consuming modeling process and has applications in areas such as computer games, special effects, and interactive TV. This book offers an in-depth introduction to video-based rendering, a rapidly developing new interdisciplinary topic employing techniques from computer graphics, computer vision, and telecommunication en

  9. Process-based costing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Robert H; Bott, Marjorie J; Forbes, Sarah; Redford, Linda; Swagerty, Daniel L; Taunton, Roma Lee

    2003-01-01

    Understanding how quality improvement affects costs is important. Unfortunately, low-cost, reliable ways of measuring direct costs are scarce. This article builds on the principles of process improvement to develop a costing strategy that meets both criteria. Process-based costing has 4 steps: developing a flowchart, estimating resource use, valuing resources, and calculating direct costs. To illustrate the technique, this article uses it to cost the care planning process in 3 long-term care facilities. We conclude that process-based costing is easy to implement; generates reliable, valid data; and allows nursing managers to assess the costs of new or modified processes.

  10. Tales of the Unexpected: Coping among Female Collegiate Volleyball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holt, Nicholas L.; Berg, Kylie-Joy; Tamminen, Katherine A.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine patterns of appraisal, coping, and coping effectiveness in sport. Ten players from a collegiate female volleyball team were interviewed on two occasions, first in the week before a provincial final playoff tournament and in the week following the tournament. Data were transcribed verbatim and subjected to…

  11. The 1985 ARI Survey of Army Recruits: User’s Manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-01

    league baseball regular season games 2 3 99. Major leagus baseball playoffs 1 2 3 4 100. World Series 1 2 3 4 101. NBA basketball 1 2 3 4 102...did you participate in while you were in high school? (CIRCLE ALL THAT APPLY) Football ....................... 1 Basketball ..................... 2...I Basketball ...................... 2 Swimming....................... 3 4P Baseball ....................... Track

  12. 赛场回眸

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    PERTH, Australia - Argentina beat the Netherlands 4-3 on penalties on December 8, 2002, to win the women's hockey World Cup for the first time, while China downed Australia 2-0 in the bronze medal playoff, condemning the host nation to their worst World Cup result in 16 years.

  13. Tales of the Unexpected: Coping among Female Collegiate Volleyball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holt, Nicholas L.; Berg, Kylie-Joy; Tamminen, Katherine A.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine patterns of appraisal, coping, and coping effectiveness in sport. Ten players from a collegiate female volleyball team were interviewed on two occasions, first in the week before a provincial final playoff tournament and in the week following the tournament. Data were transcribed verbatim and subjected to…

  14. The Super Bowl: Predicting a Winner on the Perilous Road to Miami%超级碗:我狂故我在

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰迪·威廉姆斯

    2007-01-01

    @@ Jets. Chiefs. Bears. Chargers. Saints. Who dat?When one looks at the recent annals of the National Football League's championship game none of these teams have appeared as the ultimate combatants for the title. What makes this assignment even harder is that I have to predict a winner before the playoffs even BEGIN.

  15. Performance based fault diagnosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niemann, Hans Henrik

    2002-01-01

    Different aspects of fault detection and fault isolation in closed-loop systems are considered. It is shown that using the standard setup known from feedback control, it is possible to formulate fault diagnosis problems based on a performance index in this general standard setup. It is also shown...

  16. Surfel Based Geometry Resonstruction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Vedrana; Aanæs, Henrik; Bærentzen, Jakob Andreas

    2010-01-01

    We propose a method for retrieving a piecewise smooth surface from noisy data. In data acquired by a scanning process sampled points are almost never on the discontinuities making reconstruction of surfaces with sharp features difficult. Our method is based on a Markov Random Field (MRF) formulat...

  17. Diffusion Based Photon Mapping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjøth, Lars; Sporring, Jon; Fogh Olsen, Ole

    2008-01-01

    . To address this problem, we introduce a photon mapping algorithm based on nonlinear anisotropic diffusion. Our algorithm adapts according to the structure of the photon map such that smoothing occurs along edges and structures and not across. In this way, we preserve important illumination features, while...

  18. REST based service composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grönvall, Erik; Ingstrup, Mads; Pløger, Morten

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents an ongoing work developing and testing a Service Composition framework based upon the REST architecture named SECREST. A minimalistic approach have been favored instead of a creating a complete infrastructure. One focus has been on the system's interaction model. Indeed, an aim...

  19. Internet based benchmarking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Nielsen, Kurt

    2005-01-01

    We discuss the design of interactive, internet based benchmarking using parametric (statistical) as well as nonparametric (DEA) models. The user receives benchmarks and improvement potentials. The user is also given the possibility to search different efficiency frontiers and hereby to explore...

  20. Technology based Education System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kant Hiran, Kamal; Doshi, Ruchi; Henten, Anders

    2016-01-01

    Abstract - Education plays a very important role for the development of the country. Education has multiple dimensions from schooling to higher education and research. In all these domains, there is invariably a need for technology based teaching and learning tools are highly demanded in the acad...

  1. Formula Based Compensation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sears, Doug; Picus, Lawrence O.

    1999-01-01

    Recognizing that traditional salary bargaining is divisive and that teacher salaries should remain competitive, Temple City (California) Unified School District has been experimenting with formula-based compensation for the past four years. Primary benefits are lack of conflict over salary increases, which are determined before negotiating other…

  2. Speckle-based wavemeter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hanson, Steen Grüner; Jakobsen, Michael Linde; Chakrabarti, Maumita

    2015-01-01

    A spectrometer based on the application of dynamic speckles will be disclosed. The method relies on scattering of primarily coherent radiation from a slanted rough surface. The scattered radiation is collected on a detector array and the speckle displacement is monitored during a change in the in...

  3. Model-based consensus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boumans, Marcel

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the rational-consensus method is to produce “rational consensus”, that is, “mathematical aggregation”, by weighing the performance of each expert on the basis of his or her knowledge and ability to judge relevant uncertainties. The measurement of the performance of the experts is based on

  4. Model-based consensus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Boumans

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the rational-consensus method is to produce "rational consensus", that is, "mathematical aggregation", by weighing the performance of each expert on the basis of his or her knowledge and ability to judge relevant uncertainties. The measurement of the performance of the experts is based on

  5. School Based Health Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Children's Aid Society, 2012

    2012-01-01

    School Based Health Centers (SBHC) are considered by experts as one of the most effective and efficient ways to provide preventive health care to children. Few programs are as successful in delivering health care to children at no cost to the patient, and where they are: in school. For many underserved children, The Children's Aid Society's…

  6. Protein Crystal Based Nanomaterials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Jeffrey A.; VanRoey, Patrick

    2001-01-01

    This is the final report on a NASA Grant. It concerns a description of work done, which includes: (1) Protein crystals cross-linked to form fibers; (2) Engineering of protein to favor crystallization; (3) Better knowledge-based potentials for protein-protein contacts; (4) Simulation of protein crystallization.

  7. Evidence-based guidelines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rovira, Àlex; Wattjes, Mike P; Tintoré, Mar

    2015-01-01

    diagnosis in patients with MS. The aim of this article is to provide guidelines for the implementation of MRI of the brain and spinal cord in the diagnosis of patients who are suspected of having MS. These guidelines are based on an extensive review of the recent literature, as well as on the personal...

  8. XML Based UIScript

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAI Bin; LIAO Jian-xin; SHEN Qi-wei

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, after the analyzing the UIScript mechanism in intelligent peripheral, a new approach of XML-based UIScript is put forward. The related issues such as the design of UIScript language, the execution environment and its relationship with other script languages are discussed.

  9. Animation-based Sketching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter

    This thesis is based on the results of a three-year long PhD-study at the Department of Communication and Psychology at Aalborg University. The thesis consist of five original papers, a book manuscript, as well as a linking text with the thesis’ research questions, research design, and summary...

  10. Lunar Base Sitting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staehle, Robert L.; Burke, James D.; Snyder, Gerald C.; Dowling, Richard; Spudis, Paul D.

    1993-12-01

    Speculation with regard to a permanent lunar base has been with us since Robert Goddard was working on the first liquid-fueled rockets in the 1920's. With the infusion of data from the Apollo Moon flights, a once speculative area of space exploration has become an exciting possibility. A Moon base is not only a very real possibility, but is probably a critical element in the continuation of our piloted space program. This article, originally drafted by World Space Foundation volunteers in conjuction with various academic and research groups, examines some of the strategies involved in selecting an appropriate site for such a lunar base. Site selection involves a number of complex variables, including raw materials for possible rocket propellant generation, hot an cold cycles, view of the sky (for astronomical considerations, among others), geological makeup of the region, and more. This article summarizes the key base siting considerations and suggests some alternatives. Availability of specific resources, including energy and certain minerals, is critical to success.

  11. Knowledge-Based Abstracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, William J.

    1990-01-01

    Discussion of automatic abstracting of technical papers focuses on a knowledge-based method that uses two sets of rules. Topics discussed include anaphora; text structure and discourse; abstracting techniques, including the keyword method and the indicator phrase method; and tools for text skimming. (27 references) (LRW)

  12. Nanocarbon-based photovoltaics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernardi, Marco; Lohrman, Jessica; Kumar, Priyank V; Kirkeminde, Alec; Ferralis, Nicola; Grossman, Jeffrey C; Ren, Shenqiang

    2012-10-23

    Carbon materials are excellent candidates for photovoltaic solar cells: they are Earth-abundant, possess high optical absorption, and maintain superior thermal and photostability. Here we report on solar cells with active layers made solely of carbon nanomaterials that present the same advantages of conjugated polymer-based solar cells, namely, solution processable, potentially flexible, and chemically tunable, but with increased photostability and the possibility to revert photodegradation. The device active layer composition is optimized using ab initio density functional theory calculations to predict type-II band alignment and Schottky barrier formation. The best device fabricated is composed of PC(70)BM fullerene, semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes, and reduced graphene oxide. This active-layer composition achieves a power conversion efficiency of 1.3%-a record for solar cells based on carbon as the active material-and we calculate efficiency limits of up to 13% for the devices fabricated in this work, comparable to those predicted for polymer solar cells employing PCBM as the acceptor. There is great promise for improving carbon-based solar cells considering the novelty of this type of device, the high photostability, and the availability of a large number of carbon materials with yet untapped potential for photovoltaics. Our results indicate a new strategy for efficient carbon-based, solution-processable, thin film, photostable solar cells.

  13. ISFET based enzyme sensors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Schoot, Bart H.; Bergveld, Piet

    1987-01-01

    This paper reviews the results that have been reported on ISFET based enzyme sensors. The most important improvement that results from the application of ISFETs instead of glass membrane electrodes is in the method of fabrication. Problems with regard to the pH dependence of the response and the

  14. Cotton-based nonwovens

    Science.gov (United States)

    This article is an abbreviated description of a new cotton-based nonwovens research program at the Southern Regional Research Center, which is one of the four regional research centers of the Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Since cotton is a significant cash crop inte...

  15. Evidence based practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjørland, Birger

    2011-01-01

    making that is established in research as well as an optimization of every link in documentation and search processes. EBP is based on the philosophical doctrine of empiricism and, therefore, it is subject to the criticism that has been raised against empiricism. The main criticism of EBP...

  16. BASE - Progress Report 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Ulmer, S; Mooser, A; Sellner, S; Nagahama, H; Higuchi, T; Borchert, M; Schneider, G; Tanaka, T; Blaum, K; Matsuda, Y; Ospelkaus, C; Quint, W; Walz, J; Yamazaki, Y; CERN. Geneva. SPS and PS Experiments Committee; SPSC

    2016-01-01

    The BASE collaboration aims at high-precision comparisons of the fundamental properties of the proton and the antiproton, namely, the magnetic g-factors as well as the charge-to-mass ratios of the particles. This annual report summarizes the achievements made in CERN's 2015 antiproton run.

  17. Acid-Base Homeostasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamm, L Lee; Nakhoul, Nazih; Hering-Smith, Kathleen S

    2015-12-07

    Acid-base homeostasis and pH regulation are critical for both normal physiology and cell metabolism and function. The importance of this regulation is evidenced by a variety of physiologic derangements that occur when plasma pH is either high or low. The kidneys have the predominant role in regulating the systemic bicarbonate concentration and hence, the metabolic component of acid-base balance. This function of the kidneys has two components: reabsorption of virtually all of the filtered HCO3(-) and production of new bicarbonate to replace that consumed by normal or pathologic acids. This production or generation of new HCO3(-) is done by net acid excretion. Under normal conditions, approximately one-third to one-half of net acid excretion by the kidneys is in the form of titratable acid. The other one-half to two-thirds is the excretion of ammonium. The capacity to excrete ammonium under conditions of acid loads is quantitatively much greater than the capacity to increase titratable acid. Multiple, often redundant pathways and processes exist to regulate these renal functions. Derangements in acid-base homeostasis, however, are common in clinical medicine and can often be related to the systems involved in acid-base transport in the kidneys.

  18. Web Based VRML Modelling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kiss, S.

    2001-01-01

    Presents a method to connect VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language) and Java components in a Web page using EAI (External Authoring Interface), which makes it possible to interactively generate and edit VRML meshes. The meshes used are based on regular grids, to provide an interaction and modeling

  19. Aptamer-based nanobiosensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yeon Seok; Raston, Nurul Hanun Ahmad; Gu, Man Bock

    2016-02-15

    It has been more than two decades since aptamer and the systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) method were discovered by Larry Gold and Andrew Ellington in 1990, respectively. Based on the various advantages of aptamers, they have become a potent rival of antibodies in therapeutics and bio-analysis. Especially, the recent advances in aptamer biosensor application are remarkable due to its intrinsic properties of aptamers as nucleic acids and target induced conformational changes, in addition to the introduction of graphene oxide-based easy and simple immobilization-free screening method even for dual aptamers. In addition, the incorporation of various nanomaterials such as metallic nanoparticles, carbon materials, and functional nanospheres in aptasensors has facilitated the improvement of analytical performance and commercial application of aptasensors. In this review, recent prominent reports on aptasensors utilizing nanomaterials were introduced to understand the principle of aptamer-based biosensors and provide an insight for new strategies of aptasensors and the application of various nanomaterials. The perspective on aptamer-based biosensors and diagnostics was also discussed in view of technology and market.

  20. Orff-Based Improvisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Judith

    1980-01-01

    Described are improvisational activities based on the Orff-Schulwerk teaching technique which include: sound and movement; sound and movement plus visuals; interpretation of designs from nature, architecture, paintings, rotating rondo, singing hands, and moving from words to song. Pictures of children participating in these activities are…

  1. Refractive index based measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    A refractive index based measurement of a property of a fluid is measured in an apparatus comprising a variable wavelength coherent light source (16), a sample chamber (12), a wavelength controller (24), a light sensor (20), a data recorder (26) and a computation apparatus (28), by - directing...

  2. Refractive index based measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    In a method for performing a refractive index based measurement of a property of a fluid such as chemical composition or temperature by observing an apparent angular shift in an interference fringe pattern produced by back or forward scattering interferometry, ambiguities in the measurement caused...

  3. Refractive index based measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    In a method for performing a refractive index based measurement of a property of a fluid such as chemical composition or temperature, a chirp in the local spatial frequency of interference fringes of an interference pattern is reduced by mathematical manipulation of the recorded light intensity...

  4. Dictionary Based Image Segmentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Anders Bjorholm; Dahl, Vedrana Andersen

    2015-01-01

    We propose a method for weakly supervised segmentation of natural images, which may contain both textured or non-textured regions. Our texture representation is based on a dictionary of image patches. To divide an image into separated regions with similar texture we use an implicit level sets...

  5. Problem Based Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Graaff, Erik; Guerra, Aida

    , the key principles remain the same everywhere. Graaff & Kolmos (2003) identify the main PBL principles as follows: 1. Problem orientation 2. Project organization through teams or group work 3. Participant-directed 4. Experiental learning 5. Activity-based learning 6. Interdisciplinary learning and 7......Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is an innovative method to organize the learning process in such a way that the students actively engage in finding answers by themselves. During the past 40 years PBL has evolved and diversified resulting in a multitude in variations in models and practices. However....... Exemplary practice. The University of Aalborg in Denmark started with PBL right from the start when the school was founded merging several educational institutes in Northern Denmark in 1974. The Aalborg PBL model is recognized around the world as an example or a source of inspiration, in particular...

  6. Sparse approximation with bases

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    This book systematically presents recent fundamental results on greedy approximation with respect to bases. Motivated by numerous applications, the last decade has seen great successes in studying nonlinear sparse approximation. Recent findings have established that greedy-type algorithms are suitable methods of nonlinear approximation in both sparse approximation with respect to bases and sparse approximation with respect to redundant systems. These insights, combined with some previous fundamental results, form the basis for constructing the theory of greedy approximation. Taking into account the theoretical and practical demand for this kind of theory, the book systematically elaborates a theoretical framework for greedy approximation and its applications.  The book addresses the needs of researchers working in numerical mathematics, harmonic analysis, and functional analysis. It quickly takes the reader from classical results to the latest frontier, but is written at the level of a graduate course and do...

  7. Conducting Polymer Based Nanobiosensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chul Soon Park

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, conducting polymer (CP nanomaterials have been used in a variety of fields, such as in energy, environmental, and biomedical applications, owing to their outstanding chemical and physical properties compared to conventional metal materials. In particular, nanobiosensors based on CP nanomaterials exhibit excellent performance sensing target molecules. The performance of CP nanobiosensors varies based on their size, shape, conductivity, and morphology, among other characteristics. Therefore, in this review, we provide an overview of the techniques commonly used to fabricate novel CP nanomaterials and their biosensor applications, including aptasensors, field-effect transistor (FET biosensors, human sense mimicking biosensors, and immunoassays. We also discuss prospects for state-of-the-art nanobiosensors using CP nanomaterials by focusing on strategies to overcome the current limitations.

  8. Flow Based Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Karpagam

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Network topology design problems find application in several real life scenario. Approach: Most designs in the past either optimize for a single criterion like shortest or cost minimization or maximum flow. Results: This study discussed about solving a multi objective network topology design problem for a realistic traffic model specifically in the pipeline transportation. Here flow based algorithm focusing to transport liquid goods with maximum capacity with shortest distance, this algorithm developed with the sense of basic pert and critical path method. Conclusion/Recommendations: This flow based algorithm helps to give optimal result for transporting maximum capacity with minimum cost. It could be used in the juice factory, milk industry and its best alternate for the vehicle routing problem.

  9. Ontology Based Access Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özgü CAN

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available As computer technologies become pervasive, the need for access control mechanisms grow. The purpose of an access control is to limit the operations that a computer system user can perform. Thus, access control ensures to prevent an activity which can lead to a security breach. For the success of Semantic Web, that allows machines to share and reuse the information by using formal semantics for machines to communicate with other machines, access control mechanisms are needed. Access control mechanism indicates certain constraints which must be achieved by the user before performing an operation to provide a secure Semantic Web. In this work, unlike traditional access control mechanisms, an "Ontology Based Access Control" mechanism has been developed by using Semantic Web based policies. In this mechanism, ontologies are used to model the access control knowledge and domain knowledge is used to create policy ontologies.

  10. Spintronics-based computing

    CERN Document Server

    Prenat, Guillaume

    2015-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive introduction to spintronics-based computing for the next generation of ultra-low power/highly reliable logic, which is widely considered a promising candidate to replace conventional, pure CMOS-based logic. It will cover aspects from device to system-level, including magnetic memory cells, device modeling, hybrid circuit structure, design methodology, CAD tools, and technological integration methods. This book is accessible to a variety of readers and little or no background in magnetism and spin electronics are required to understand its content.  The multidisciplinary team of expert authors from circuits, devices, computer architecture, CAD and system design reveal to readers the potential of spintronics nanodevices to reduce power consumption, improve reliability and enable new functionality.  .

  11. Content Based Video Retrieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. V. Patel

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Content based video retrieval is an approach for facilitating the searching and browsing of large image collections over World Wide Web. In this approach, video analysis is conducted on low level visual properties extracted from video frame. We believed that in order to create an effective video retrieval system, visual perception must be taken into account. We conjectured that a technique which employs multiple features for indexing and retrieval would be more effective in the discrimination and search tasks of videos. In order to validate this claim, content based indexing and retrieval systems were implemented using color histogram, various texture features and other approaches. Videos were stored in Oracle 9i Database and a user study measured correctness of response.

  12. Knowledge based maintenance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sturm, A. [Hamburgische Electacitaets-Werke AG Hamburg (Germany)

    1997-12-31

    The establishment of maintenance strategies is of crucial significance for the reliability of a plant and the economic efficiency of maintenance measures. Knowledge about the condition of components and plants from the technical and business management point of view therefore becomes one of the fundamental questions and the key to efficient management and maintenance. A new way to determine the maintenance strategy can be called: Knowledge Based Maintenance. A simple method for determining strategies while taking the technical condition of the components of the production process into account to the greatest possible degree which can be shown. A software with an algorithm for Knowledge Based Maintenance leads the user during complex work to the determination of maintenance strategies for this complex plant components. (orig.)

  13. Situation based housing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duelund Mortensen, Peder; Welling, Helen; Wiell Nordberg, Lene

    2007-01-01

    of approaches to these goals. This working paper reviews not only a selection of new housing types, but also dwellings from the past, which each contain an aspect of changeability. Our study is based on information from users in the selected housing schemes, gathered from questionnaires, information about...... personal furnishing and zoning as well as interviews. The study is also based on analyses of the architectural configurations of space, light and materiality. Our main question is: can the goal of architectural quality be maintained together with greater possibilities for individual development...... research results will be employed to create a categorization of housing suitable for changing life conditions and with a strong emphasis on high architectural quality...

  14. Evidence-based policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vohnsen, Nina Holm

    2013-01-01

    A current ambition in welfare states as diverse as Denmark, the UK, and in the USA is to base political decision making on rigorous research (Cartwright et al 2009; Mulgan 2009; Bason 2010). Sound as this might seem the ambition has nevertheless been problematized by both policy-makers and the re......A current ambition in welfare states as diverse as Denmark, the UK, and in the USA is to base political decision making on rigorous research (Cartwright et al 2009; Mulgan 2009; Bason 2010). Sound as this might seem the ambition has nevertheless been problematized by both policy...... a full account, see Vohnsen 2011). These insights will be relevant for the anthropological researcher of legislative processes who wishes to move beyond a merely discursive approach to the study of policy and politics....

  15. Problem Based Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Cappola

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this current work, I am proposing a general close examination of Problem Based Learning as a student centered educational method in which a problem constitutes  the starting point of the learning process. Such a method provides students with the suitable knowledge for problem solving and presents numerous and significant differences compared to traditional education.In particular, I analyze the theoretic aspects of problem learning by tracing a history and presenting its structure, clarifying the role of the tutor in the various phases of the learning process. The method has found a wide diffusion since the beginning of the 70s and numerous studies have confirmed the advantages. The effectiveness of PBL is construable and is based on principles of constructivism and cognitivism.

  16. Arduino based laser control

    OpenAIRE

    Bernal Muñoz, Ferran

    2015-01-01

    ARDUINO is a vey usefull platform for prototypes. In this project ARDUINO will be used for controling a Semiconductor Tuneable Laser. [ANGLÈS] Diode laser for communications control based on an Arduino board. Temperature control implementation. Software and hardware protection for the laser implementation. [CASTELLÀ] Control de un láser de comunicaciones ópticas desde el ordenador utilizando una placa Arduino. Implementación de un control de temperatura y protección software y hardware ...

  17. Plasmonics based VLSI processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shreya Bhattacharya

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In continuum to my previous paper titled‘Implementation of plasmonics in VLSI’, this paperattempts to explore further, the actual physicalrealization of an all-plasmonic chip. In this paper,various methods of plasmon-basedphotolithography have been discussed and anobservation is made w.r.t the cost effectiveness andease of adaptability. Also, plasmonics based activeelement has been discussed which would helpunravel further arenas ofapproaches and methodstowards the realization of an all-plasmonic chip.

  18. Sea Basing Logistiek

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-01

    iets wat nu voor zware goederen niet mogeljk is met de middelen binnen de Nederlandse krijgsmachit. Nederland heeft bijvoorbeeld (nog) geen specifieke...weer gevechtsklaar zijn. Nederlandse troepen voeren de reconstitute fase in het algemeen uit in Nederland . [Kang&Gue] A special concern in sea based...besluit Nederland zelf in te grijpen. De Nederlandse vredesmissie bevindt zich nabij de kust. maar ver van de grens met buurlanden. De operatie kan niet

  19. Graphene-based biosensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebedev, A. A.; Davydov, V. Yu.; Novikov, S. N.; Litvin, D. P.; Makarov, Yu. N.; Klimovich, V. B.; Samoilovich, M. P.

    2016-07-01

    Results of developing and testing graphene-based sensors capable of detecting protein molecules are presented. The biosensor operation was checked using an immunochemical system comprising fluorescein dye and monoclonal antifluorescein antibodies. The sensor detects fluorescein concentration on a level of 1-10 ng/mL and bovine serum albumin-fluorescein conjugate on a level of 1-5 ng/mL. The proposed device has good prospects for use for early diagnostics of various diseases.

  20. Projectile Base Flow Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    S) AND ADDRESS(ES) DCW Industries, Inc. 5354 Palm Drive La Canada, CA 91011 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION...REPORT NUMBER DCW -38-R-05 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) U. S. Army Research Office...Turbulence Modeling for CFD, Second Edition, DCW Industries, Inc., La Cañada, CA. Wilcox, D. C. (2001), “Projectile Base Flow Analysis,” DCW

  1. Vehicle Based Vector Sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-28

    300001 1 of 16 VEHICLE-BASED VECTOR SENSOR STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST [0001] The invention described herein may be manufactured and...unmanned underwater vehicle that can function as an acoustic vector sensor . (2) Description of the Prior Art [0004] It is known that a propagating...mechanics. An acoustic vector sensor measures the particle motion via an accelerometer and combines Attorney Docket No. 300001 2 of 16 the

  2. Alphavirus-Based Vaccines

    OpenAIRE

    Kenneth Lundstrom

    2014-01-01

    Alphavirus vectors have demonstrated high levels of transient heterologous gene expression both in vitro and in vivo and, therefore, possess attractive features for vaccine development. The most commonly used delivery vectors are based on three single-stranded encapsulated alphaviruses, namely Semliki Forest virus, Sindbis virus and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. Alphavirus vectors have been applied as replication-deficient recombinant viral particles and, more recently, as replication...

  3. Lignocellulose-based bioproducts

    CERN Document Server

    Karimi, Keikhosro

    2015-01-01

    This volume provides the technical information required for the production of biofuels and chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass. It starts with a brief overview of the importance, applications, and production processes of different lignocellulosic products. Further chapters review the perspectives of waste-based biofuels and biochemicals; the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel production; cellulolytic enzyme systems for the hydrolysis of lignocelluloses; and basic and applied aspects of the production of bioethanol, biogas, biohydrogen, and biobutanol from lignocelluloses.

  4. Luxury-based Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Shiro Kuwahara

    2006-01-01

    Assuming that there exists a preference for luxury goods and a knowledge spillover from luxury goods production to goods production, this paper constructs an endogenous economic growth model. The model predicts two steady states: one is a steady positive growth state with regard to luxury goods production, and the other is a zero growth state in the absence of luxury goods production. Thus, this study examines the polarization of economies based on luxury goods consumption

  5. Arduino based laser control

    OpenAIRE

    Bernal Muñoz, Ferran

    2015-01-01

    ARDUINO is a vey usefull platform for prototypes. In this project ARDUINO will be used for controling a Semiconductor Tuneable Laser. [ANGLÈS] Diode laser for communications control based on an Arduino board. Temperature control implementation. Software and hardware protection for the laser implementation. [CASTELLÀ] Control de un láser de comunicaciones ópticas desde el ordenador utilizando una placa Arduino. Implementación de un control de temperatura y protección software y hardware ...

  6. Graphene-based Nanoelectronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    structures such as metal-insulator-graphene tunnel junctions, designs and fabrication processes were developed based on e-beam lithography ( EBL ...capable of minimum feature sizes of 7 nm. A variety of high-resolution photoresists were tested with the EBL system to produce graphene structures with...Initiative e-textiles electronic textiles EBL e-beam lithography EDX emergy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy EIS electrochemical impedance

  7. As bases do petismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Samuels

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available A partir dos dados do ESEB de 2002 o autor realiza um estudo das bases eleitorais do PT e de hipóteses sobre a natureza do petismo. Através de técnicas estatísticas multivariadas, são testadas relações do petismo com variáveis demográficas, socioeconômicas e variáveis relativas a questões políticas específicas. Os resultados apontam que apenas a escolaridade tem uma associação específica com o petismo, com implicações para o seu comportamento sócio-político.Based on the results of the 2002 Brazilian Electoral Study, the author analyses the electoral bases of the Worker´s Party and the factors associated with the "petismo". The relationships between the "petismo"and the socioeconomic, demographic and political variables are tested using multivariate analysis. The results indicate that the only "social category"associated with "petismo"is level of education, and it has clear implications to their social and political behavior.

  8. Molecule-based magnets

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J V Yakhmi

    2009-06-01

    The conventional magnetic materials used in current technology, such as, Fe, Fe2O3, Cr2O3, SmCo5, Nd2Fe14B etc are all atom-based, and their preparation/processing require high temperature routes. Employing self-assembly methods, it is possible to engineer a bulk molecular material with long-range magnetic order, mainly because one can play with the weak intermolecular interactions. Since the first successful synthesis of molecular magnets in 1986, a large variety of them have been synthesized, which can be categorized on the basis of the chemical nature of the magnetic units involved: organic-, metal-based systems, heterobimetallic assemblies, or mixed organic–inorganic systems. The design of molecule-based magnets has also been extended to the design of poly-functional molecular magnets, such as those exhibiting second-order optical nonlinearity, liquid crystallinity, or chirality simultaneously with long-range magnetic order. Solubility, low density and biocompatibility are attractive features of molecular magnets. Being weakly coloured, unlike their opaque classical magnet ‘cousins’ listed above, possibilities of photomagnetic switching exist. Persistent efforts also continue to design the ever-elusive polymer magnets towards applications in industry. While providing a brief overview of the field of molecular magnetism, this article highlights some recent developments in it, with emphasis on a few studies from the author’s own lab.

  9. Microbead agglutination based assays

    KAUST Repository

    Kodzius, Rimantas

    2013-01-21

    We report a simple and rapid room temperature assay for point-of-care (POC) testing that is based on specific agglutination. Agglutination tests are based on aggregation of microbeads in the presence of a specific analyte thus enabling the macroscopic observation. Such tests are most often used to explore antibody-antigen reactions. Agglutination has been used for protein assays using a biotin/streptavidin system as well as a hybridization based assay. The agglutination systems are prone to selftermination of the linking analyte, prone to active site saturation and loss of agglomeration at high analyte concentrations. We investigated the molecular target/ligand interaction, explaining the common agglutination problems related to analyte self-termination, linkage of the analyte to the same bead instead of different microbeads. We classified the agglutination process into three kinds of assays: a two- component assay, a three-component assay and a stepped three- component assay. Although we compared these three kinds of assays for recognizing DNA and protein molecules, the assay can be used for virtually any molecule, including ions and metabolites. In total, the optimized assay permits detecting analytes with high sensitivity in a short time, 5 min, at room temperature. Such a system is appropriate for POC testing.

  10. Nanowire-based thermoelectrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Azhar; Chen, Yixi; Vasiraju, Venkata; Vaddiraju, Sreeram

    2017-07-01

    Research on thermoelectrics has seen a huge resurgence since the early 1990s. The ability of tuning a material’s electrical and thermal transport behavior upon nanostructuring has led to this revival. Nevertheless, thermoelectric performances of nanowires and related materials lag far behind those achieved with thin-film superlattices and quantum dot-based materials. This is despite the fact that nanowires offer many distinct advantages in enhancing the thermoelectric performances of materials. The simplicity of the strategy is the first and foremost advantage. For example, control of the nanowire diameters and their surface roughnesses will aid in enhancing their thermoelectric performances. Another major advantage is the possibility of obtaining high thermoelectric performances using simpler nanowire chemistries (e.g., elemental and binary compound semiconductors), paving the way for the fabrication of thermoelectric modules inexpensively from non-toxic elements. In this context, the topical review provides an overview of the current state of nanowire-based thermoelectrics. It concludes with a discussion of the future vision of nanowire-based thermoelectrics, including the need for developing strategies aimed at the mass production of nanowires and their interface-engineered assembly into devices. This eliminates the need for trial-and-error strategies and complex chemistries for enhancing the thermoelectric performances of materials.

  11. Lunar base initiative 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koelle, H. H.

    The return to the Moon is no longer a question of yes or no, but a question of when and how. The first landing of a human being on the lunar surface in 1969 was a purely national effort of the U.S.A. Building a lunar base and operating it in the next century is rather a task for all nations of this planet, even if one nation could do it alone. However, there are several alternatives to carry out such a program and these will and should be debated during the next years on an urgent basis. To do this, one has to take into account not only the historical accomplishments and the present trends of cooperation in space programs, but also recent geopolitical developments as well as the frame of reference established by international law. The case for an International Lunar Base (ILB) has been presented to the International Academy of Astronautics on 11 October 1987 by the IAA Ad Hoc Committee "Return-to-the-Moon". This draft of a position paper was subsequently published in Acta Astronautica Vol. 17, No. 5, (pp. 463-489) with the request of public debate particularly by the members of the Academy. Some 80 Academicians responded to this invitation by the President of the Academy and voiced their opinions on the questions and issues raised by this draft of a position paper. This led to a refinement of the arguments and assumptions made and it is now possible to prepare an improved position paper proposing concrete steps which may lead to an ILB. An issue of this proportion must start with a discussion of goals and objectives to be arranged in some kind of a ranked order. It also has to take note of the limitations existing at any time by the availability of suitable space transportation systems. These will determine the acquisition date and rate of growth of a lunar base. The logistics system will also greatly influence the base characteristics and layout. The availability of heavy lift launch vehicles would simplify the task and allow to concentrate the construction

  12. Polyolefin-Based Aerogels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Je Kyun; Gould, George

    2012-01-01

    An organic polybutadiene (PB) rubberbased aerogel insulation material was developed that will provide superior thermal insulation and inherent radiation protection, exhibiting the flexibility, resiliency, toughness, and durability typical of the parent polymer, yet with the low density and superior insulation properties associated with the aerogels. The rubbery behaviors of the PB rubber-based aerogels are able to overcome the weak and brittle nature of conventional inorganic and organic aerogel insulation materials. Additionally, with higher content of hydrogen in their structure, the PB rubber aerogels will also provide inherently better radiation protection than those of inorganic and carbon aerogels. Since PB rubber aerogels also exhibit good hydrophobicity due to their hydrocarbon molecular structure, they will provide better performance reliability and durability as well as simpler, more economic, and environmentally friendly production over the conventional silica or other inorganic-based aerogels, which require chemical treatment to make them hydrophobic. Inorganic aerogels such as silica aerogels demonstrate many unusual and useful properties. There are several strategies to overcoming the drawbacks associated with the weakness and brittleness of silica aerogels. Development of the flexible fiber-reinforced silica aerogel composite blanket has proven one promising approach, providing a conveniently fielded form factor that is relatively robust toward handling in industrial environments compared to silica aerogel monoliths. However, the flexible silica aerogel composites still have a brittle, dusty character that may be undesirable, or even intolerable, in certain applications. Although the cross-linked organic aerogels such as resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF), polyisocyanurate, and cellulose aerogels show very high impact strength, they are also very brittle with little elongation (i.e., less rubbery). Also, silica and carbon aerogels are less efficient

  13. Characteristics Data Base

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, E.D.; Moore, R.S. (Automated Sciences Group, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (USA))

    1990-08-01

    The LWR Serial Numbers Database System (SNDB) contains detailed data about individual, historically discharged LWR spent fuel assemblies. This data includes the reactor where used, the year the assemblies were discharged, the pool where they are currently stored, assembly type, burnup, weight, enrichment, and an estimate of their radiological properties. This information is distributed on floppy disks to users in the nuclear industry to assist in planning for the permanent nuclear waste repository. This document describes the design and development of the SNDB. It provides a complete description of the file structures and an outline of the major code modules. It serves as a reference for a programmer maintaining the system, or for others interested in the technical detail of this database. This is the initial version of the SNDB. It contains historical data through December 31, 1987, obtained from the Energy Information Administration (EIA). EIA obtains the data from the utility companies via the RW-859 Survey Form. It evaluates and standardizes the data and distributes the resulting batch level database as a large file on magnetic tape. The Characteristics Data Base obtains this database for use in the LWR Quantities Data Base. Additionally, the CDB obtains the individual assembly level detail from EIA for use in the SNDB. While the Quantities Data Base retains only the level of detail necessary for its reporting, the SNDB does retain and use the batch level data to assist in the identification of a particular assembly serial number. We expect to update the SNDB on an annual basis, as new historical data becomes available.

  14. Vision-based interaction

    CERN Document Server

    Turk, Matthew

    2013-01-01

    In its early years, the field of computer vision was largely motivated by researchers seeking computational models of biological vision and solutions to practical problems in manufacturing, defense, and medicine. For the past two decades or so, there has been an increasing interest in computer vision as an input modality in the context of human-computer interaction. Such vision-based interaction can endow interactive systems with visual capabilities similar to those important to human-human interaction, in order to perceive non-verbal cues and incorporate this information in applications such

  15. Alphavirus-Based Vaccines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundstrom, Kenneth

    2016-01-01

    Alphavirus vectors based on Semliki Forest virus, Sindbis virus, and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus have been widely applied for vaccine development. Naked RNA replicons, recombinant viral particles, and layered DNA vectors have been subjected to immunization in preclinical animal models with antigens for viral targets and tumor antigens. Moreover, a limited number of clinical trials have been conducted in humans. Vaccination with alphavirus vectors has demonstrated efficient immune responses and has showed protection against challenges with lethal doses of virus and tumor cells, respectively. Moreover, vaccines have been developed against alphaviruses causing epidemics such as Chikungunya virus.

  16. Cellular based cancer vaccines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten; Met, O; Svane, I M;

    2012-01-01

    Cancer vaccines designed to re-calibrate the existing host-tumour interaction, tipping the balance from tumor acceptance towards tumor control holds huge potential to complement traditional cancer therapies. In general, limited success has been achieved with vaccines composed of tumor...... in vitro migration via autocrine receptor-mediated endocytosis of CCR7. In the current review, we discuss optimal design of DC maturation focused on pre-clinical as well as clinical results from standard and polarized dendritic cell based cancer vaccines....

  17. Agent-Based Optimization

    CERN Document Server

    Jędrzejowicz, Piotr; Kacprzyk, Janusz

    2013-01-01

    This volume presents a collection of original research works by leading specialists focusing on novel and promising approaches in which the multi-agent system paradigm is used to support, enhance or replace traditional approaches to solving difficult optimization problems. The editors have invited several well-known specialists to present their solutions, tools, and models falling under the common denominator of the agent-based optimization. The book consists of eight chapters covering examples of application of the multi-agent paradigm and respective customized tools to solve  difficult optimization problems arising in different areas such as machine learning, scheduling, transportation and, more generally, distributed and cooperative problem solving.

  18. Bi-based superconductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S E Mousavi

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available   In this paper, Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O (BCSCCO system superconductor is made by the solid state reaction method. The effect of doping Pb, Cd, Sb, Cu and annealing time on the critical temperature and critical current density have been investigated. The microstructure and morphology of the samples have been studied by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray. The results show that the fraction of Bi-2223 phase in the Bi- based superconductor, critical temperature and critical current density depend on the annealing temperature, annealing time and the kind and amount of doping .

  19. Chitosan-based nanocomposites

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Kesavan Pillai, Sreejarani

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available , and hygiene devices. They thus represent a strong and emerging answer for improved and eco-friendly materials. This chapter reviews the recent developments in the area of chitosan-based nanocomposites, with a special emphasis on clay-containing nanocomposites...-sized mineral fillers like silica, talc, and clay are added to reduce the cost and improve chitosan’s performance in some way. However, the mechanical properties such as elongation at break and tensile strength of these composites decrease with the incorporation...

  20. Problem Based Game Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reng, Lars; Schoenau-Fog, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    At Aalborg University’s department of Medialogy, we are utilizing the Problem Based Learning method to encourage students to solve game design problems by pushing the boundaries and designing innovative games. This paper is concerned with describing this method, how students employ it in various...... projects and how they learn to analyse, design, and develop for innovation by using it. We will present various cases to exemplify the approach and focus on how the method engages students and aspires for innovation in digital entertainment and games....

  1. Sustainability Base Construction Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mewhinney, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Construction of the new Sustainability Base Collaborative support facility, expected to become the highest performing building in the federal government continues at NASA's Ames Research Center, Moffet Field, Calif. The new building is designed to achieve a platinum rating under the leadership in Energy and Environment Design (LEED) new construction standards for environmentally sustainable construction developed by the U. S. Green Building Council, Washington, D. C. When completed by the end of 2011, the $20.6 million building will feature near zero net energy consumption, use 90 percent less potable water than conventionally build buildings of equivalent size, and will result in reduced building maintenance costs.

  2. Polymerization Using Phosphazene Bases

    KAUST Repository

    Zhao, Junpeng

    2015-09-01

    In the recent rise of metal-free polymerization techniques, organic phosphazene superbases have shown their remarkable strength as promoter/catalyst for the anionic polymerization of various types of monomers. Generally, the complexation of phosphazene base with the counterion (proton or lithium cation) significantly improves the nucleophilicity of the initiator/chain end resulting in highly enhanced polymerization rates, as compared with conventional metalbased initiating systems. In this chapter, the general features of phosphazenepromoted/catalyzed polymerizations and the applications in macromolecular engineering (synthesis of functionalized polymers, block copolymers, and macromolecular architectures) are discussed with challenges and perspectives being pointed out.

  3. NICKEL-BASE ALLOY

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inouye, H.; Manly, W.D.; Roche, T.K.

    1960-01-19

    A nickel-base alloy was developed which is particularly useful for the containment of molten fluoride salts in reactors. The alloy is resistant to both salt corrosion and oxidation and may be used at temperatures as high as 1800 deg F. Basically, the alloy consists of 15 to 22 wt.% molybdenum, a small amount of carbon, and 6 to 8 wt.% chromium, the balance being nickel. Up to 4 wt.% of tungsten, tantalum, vanadium, or niobium may be added to strengthen the alloy.

  4. LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE BASED GRANSHLAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NETESA M. I.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Raising of problem. Concrete advisable to obtain a low strength with local secondary resources for recycling and reduce the environmental burden on the environment. But it is important to design such concrete compositions with a reduced flow of cement. It is known that the coefficient of efficiency of use of cement in the concrete of the heavy and B10 is less than about 0.5, which is almost two times smaller than in class B15 concrete and above. Even lower coefficient of efficiency in light concrete cement low strength. Therefore, it is important to find patterns determining the composition of lightweight concrete based on local-products industry with more efficient use of cement in them. Purpose.. Based on the analysis of earlier research results, including with the use of methods of mathematical planning of experiments to determine the concrete contents, which can provide the requirements for the underlying layers of the floor, the compressive strength of which should correspond to the class B5. It is important to provide the required strength at minimum flow of the cement, which is the most expensive and energy-intensive part of concrete. Conclusion. Analysis of the test results of control samples of concrete in 28-day-old, the following laws. The required tensile strength of concrete compressive strength of 7.0 MPa can be obtained in the test range when used in formulations as a filler as the Dnieper hydroelectric power station fly ash and tailings Krivoy Rog iron ore YuGOK. To ensure providing the required characteristic strength of the concrete in the underlying layers of the floor is advisable to use a nominal composition per cubic meter of concrete: cement 160 kg granshlaka Plant named after Petrovsky, 675 kg of fly ash Dnieper HPP 390 kg, 400 kg of sand, 230 liters of water. Thus, while ensuring rational grain composition components can obtain the desired strength lightweight concrete based granshlaka plant Petrovsky, using as fillers

  5. Group Based Interference Alignment

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, Yanjun; Chen, Rui; Yao, Junliang

    2010-01-01

    in $K$-user single-input single-output (SISO) frequency selective fading interference channels, it is shown that the achievable multiplexing gain is almost surely $K/2$ by using interference alignment (IA). However when the signaling dimensions is limited, allocating all the resource to all the users simultaneously is not optimal. According to this problem, a group based interference alignment (GIA) scheme is proposed and a search algorithm is designed to get the group patterns and the resource allocation among them. Analysis results show that our proposed scheme achieves a higher multiplexing gain when the resource is limited.

  6. [Evidence-based physiotherapy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, Tamás

    2013-12-01

    This article on physiotherapy presents some current evidence stating the strengths and weaknesses of the physiotherapeutic procedures. In the area of physiotherapy empirical data obtained during decades were overtaken by evidence from current studies. The author points out the great problem of physiotherapy, namely the heterogeneity of the applied parameters. Knowledge of current evidence may be very important and helpful for the physicians, but the author proposes, from the practical point of view, that physiotherapeutical procedures based on exprience and used for many years should not be entirely neglected. Nowadays physiotherapy plays an important role in the treament of locomotor diseases but its use is increasing in other fields of medicine, as well.

  7. Unification-Based Glossing

    CERN Document Server

    Hatzivassiloglou, V; Hatzivassiloglou, Vasileios; Knight, Kevin

    1995-01-01

    We present an approach to syntax-based machine translation that combines unification-style interpretation with statistical processing. This approach enables us to translate any Japanese newspaper article into English, with quality far better than a word-for-word translation. Novel ideas include the use of feature structures to encode word lattices and the use of unification to compose and manipulate lattices. Unification also allows us to specify abstract features that delay target-language synthesis until enough source-language information is assembled. Our statistical component enables us to search efficiently among competing translations and locate those with high English fluency.

  8. Problem Based Game Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reng, Lars; Schoenau-Fog, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    At Aalborg University’s department of Medialogy, we are utilizing the Problem Based Learning method to encourage students to solve game design problems by pushing the boundaries and designing innovative games. This paper is concerned with describing this method, how students employ it in various...... projects and how they learn to analyse, design, and develop for innovation by using it. We will present various cases to exemplify the approach and focus on how the method engages students and aspires for innovation in digital entertainment and games....

  9. TUNGSTEN BASE ALLOYS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schell, D.H.; Sheinberg, H.

    1959-12-15

    A high-density quaternary tungsten-base alloy having high mechanical strength and good machinability composed of about 2 wt.% Ni, 3 wt.% Cu, 5 wt.% Pb, and 90wt.% W is described. This alloy can be formed by the powder metallurgy technique of hot pressing in a graphite die without causing a reaction between charge and the die and without formation of a carbide case on the final compact, thereby enabling re-use of the graphite die. The alloy is formable at hot- pressing temperatures of from about 1200 to about 1350 deg C. In addition, there is little component shrinkage, thereby eliminating the necessity of subsequent extensive surface machining.

  10. Offer

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    RRP Communication organizes cultural events such as concerts, shows, sporting events. The members of the Staff Association profits from a reduction of 10 CHF per ticket. How to proceed: The ticket reservation is made by mail info@rrp.ch. You need to give the following information: Name of the show, and which date chosen Number of tickets, and category Name and surname Address Telephone number Mention “offer CERN”, and attach a photocopy of your Staff Association member card. After your reservation, you will be sent a copy with a payslip to the address mentioned above. Once paid, the members have the possibility to: pick up their ticket(s) from the cash register the evening of the show (opens 1 hour before the show) by showing their member card; receive the ticket(s) to the address indicated above, by registered mail, subject to an extra cost of 10CHF. Next show : More information at http://www.rrp.ch/

  11. Constraint-based reachability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaud Gotlieb

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Iterative imperative programs can be considered as infinite-state systems computing over possibly unbounded domains. Studying reachability in these systems is challenging as it requires to deal with an infinite number of states with standard backward or forward exploration strategies. An approach that we call Constraint-based reachability, is proposed to address reachability problems by exploring program states using a constraint model of the whole program. The keypoint of the approach is to interpret imperative constructions such as conditionals, loops, array and memory manipulations with the fundamental notion of constraint over a computational domain. By combining constraint filtering and abstraction techniques, Constraint-based reachability is able to solve reachability problems which are usually outside the scope of backward or forward exploration strategies. This paper proposes an interpretation of classical filtering consistencies used in Constraint Programming as abstract domain computations, and shows how this approach can be used to produce a constraint solver that efficiently generates solutions for reachability problems that are unsolvable by other approaches.

  12. Model Based Definition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowe, Sidney E.

    2010-01-01

    In September 2007, the Engineering Directorate at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) created the Design System Focus Team (DSFT). MSFC was responsible for the in-house design and development of the Ares 1 Upper Stage and the Engineering Directorate was preparing to deploy a new electronic Configuration Management and Data Management System with the Design Data Management System (DDMS) based upon a Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) Product Data Management (PDM) System. The DSFT was to establish standardized CAD practices and a new data life cycle for design data. Of special interest here, the design teams were to implement Model Based Definition (MBD) in support of the Upper Stage manufacturing contract. It is noted that this MBD does use partially dimensioned drawings for auxiliary information to the model. The design data lifecycle implemented several new release states to be used prior to formal release that allowed the models to move through a flow of progressive maturity. The DSFT identified some 17 Lessons Learned as outcomes of the standards development, pathfinder deployments and initial application to the Upper Stage design completion. Some of the high value examples are reviewed.

  13. Design Based Wilderness Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher R. Saulnier

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT has been collaborating since 2010 with the Singapore Ministry of Education to help develop the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD. One element of this collaboration, the Global Leadership Program (GLP, aims to provide SUTD students with the opportunity to interact with the MIT community and experience MIT’s academic culture. During GLP students participate in a program designed to develop leadership ability while also increasing their understanding of engineering science and design thinking. This paper introduces a curriculum combining the pedagogies of design-based learning and wilderness education that was implemented in the summer of 2014 to holistically address the development of these three competencies. Through design-based learning activities, both for and in a natural environment, students were encouraged to develop competencies in engineering science and engineering design while exploring the diverse attributes essential for success as an engineer. This paper examines the results of a retrospective post-then-pre survey administered to the participants upon completion of the program to explore the effects of the program on the development of professional engineering competencies. We find a statistically significant increase in items associated with Individual Leadership Skill, Group Leadership Skill and the role of Society and the Economy. These results are triangulated with student exit interviews and instructor observations.

  14. Knowledge Based Economy Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalina Cristina Tocan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The importance of knowledge-based economy (KBE in the XXI century isevident. In the article the reflection of knowledge on economy is analyzed. The main point is targeted to the analysis of characteristics of knowledge expression in economy and to the construction of structure of KBE expression. This allows understanding the mechanism of functioning of knowledge economy. Theauthors highlight the possibility to assess the penetration level of KBE which could manifest itself trough the existence of products of knowledge expression which could be created in acquisition, creation, usage and development of them. The latter phenomenon is interpreted as knowledge expression characteristics: economic and social context, human resources, ICT, innovative business and innovation policy. The reason for this analysis was based on the idea that in spite of the knowledge economy existence in all developed World countries adefinitive, universal list of indicators for mapping and measuring the KBE does not yet exists. Knowledge Expression Assessment Models are presented in the article.

  15. Location-based Scheduling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Niclas; Christensen, Knud

    The coordination of activities and resources in order to establish an effective production flow is central to the management of construction projects. The traditional technique for coordination of activities and resources in construction projects is the CPM-scheduling, which has been the predomin......The coordination of activities and resources in order to establish an effective production flow is central to the management of construction projects. The traditional technique for coordination of activities and resources in construction projects is the CPM-scheduling, which has been...... the predominant scheduling method since it was introduced in the late 1950s. Over the years, CPM has proven to be a very powerful technique for planning, scheduling and controlling projects, which among other things is indicated by the development of a large number of CPM-based software applications available...... on the market. However, CPM is primarily an activity based method that takes the activity as the unit of focus and there is criticism raised, specifically in the case of construction projects, on the method for deficient management of construction work and continuous flow of resources. To seek solutions...

  16. Location-based games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejsing-Duun, Stine

    In this dissertation, it is explored which prerequisites are necessary in location-based games (LBGs) to make meaningful the meeting between players and spatiality with an emphasis on physical locations. Throughout the dissertation, it has been shown that LBGs affect players’ perception of and be......In this dissertation, it is explored which prerequisites are necessary in location-based games (LBGs) to make meaningful the meeting between players and spatiality with an emphasis on physical locations. Throughout the dissertation, it has been shown that LBGs affect players’ perception...... of and behavior in everyday spaces, as the games reside on the boundaries between the continuums of play and ordinary, authentic and fictional, and as they merge physical and digital media. These are termed the six dimensions of LBGs. LBGs let the player explore the boundaries between these dimensions...... experiences of being in the world and the creation of meaning. The theory on motivation defines what motivation consists of and how it relates to our actions. This theory has been combined with theories concerning play and play culture, digital media, (digital) games, (optimal) experiences, landscape...

  17. [Competence based medical education].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernabó, Jorge G; Buraschi, Jorge; Olcese, Juan; Buraschi, María; Duro, Eduardo

    2007-01-01

    The strategy of curriculum planning in the majority of the Schools of Medicine has shifted, in the past years, from curriculum models based in contents to outcome oriented curricula. Coincidently the interest in defining and evaluating the clinical competences that a graduate must have has grown. In our country, and particularly in the Associated Hospitals belonging to the Unidad Regional de Enseñanza IV of the UBA School of Medicine, evidence has been gathered showing that the acquisition of clinical competences during the grade is in general insufficient. The foundations and characteristics of PREM (Programa de Requisitos Esenciales Mínimos) are described. PREM is a tool to promote the apprenticeship of abilities and necessary skills for the practice of medicine. The objective of the program is to promote the apprenticeship of a well defined list of core competences considered indispensable for a general practitioner. An outcome oriented curriculum with a clear definition of the expected knowledge, skills and attitudes of a graduate of the programme, the promotion of learning experiences centered in the practice and evaluation tools based in direct observation of the student's performance should contribute to close the gap between what the Medicine Schools traditionally teach and evaluate, and what the doctor needs to know and needs to do to perform correctly its profession.

  18. Droplet based microfluidics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seemann, Ralf; Brinkmann, Martin; Pfohl, Thomas; Herminghaus, Stephan

    2012-01-01

    Droplet based microfluidics is a rapidly growing interdisciplinary field of research combining soft matter physics, biochemistry and microsystems engineering. Its applications range from fast analytical systems or the synthesis of advanced materials to protein crystallization and biological assays for living cells. Precise control of droplet volumes and reliable manipulation of individual droplets such as coalescence, mixing of their contents, and sorting in combination with fast analysis tools allow us to perform chemical reactions inside the droplets under defined conditions. In this paper, we will review available drop generation and manipulation techniques. The main focus of this review is not to be comprehensive and explain all techniques in great detail but to identify and shed light on similarities and underlying physical principles. Since geometry and wetting properties of the microfluidic channels are crucial factors for droplet generation, we also briefly describe typical device fabrication methods in droplet based microfluidics. Examples of applications and reaction schemes which rely on the discussed manipulation techniques are also presented, such as the fabrication of special materials and biophysical experiments.

  19. Droplet based microfluidics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seemann, Ralf; Brinkmann, Martin; Pfohl, Thomas; Herminghaus, Stephan

    2012-01-01

    Droplet based microfluidics is a rapidly growing interdisciplinary field of research combining soft matter physics, biochemistry and microsystems engineering. Its applications range from fast analytical systems or the synthesis of advanced materials to protein crystallization and biological assays for living cells. Precise control of droplet volumes and reliable manipulation of individual droplets such as coalescence, mixing of their contents, and sorting in combination with fast analysis tools allow us to perform chemical reactions inside the droplets under defined conditions. In this paper, we will review available drop generation and manipulation techniques. The main focus of this review is not to be comprehensive and explain all techniques in great detail but to identify and shed light on similarities and underlying physical principles. Since geometry and wetting properties of the microfluidic channels are crucial factors for droplet generation, we also briefly describe typical device fabrication methods in droplet based microfluidics. Examples of applications and reaction schemes which rely on the discussed manipulation techniques are also presented, such as the fabrication of special materials and biophysical experiments.

  20. Moon base reactor system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chavez, H.; Flores, J.; Nguyen, M.; Carsen, K.

    1989-01-01

    The objective of our reactor design is to supply a lunar-based research facility with 20 MW(e). The fundamental layout of this lunar-based system includes the reactor, power conversion devices, and a radiator. The additional aim of this reactor is a longevity of 12 to 15 years. The reactor is a liquid metal fast breeder that has a breeding ratio very close to 1.0. The geometry of the core is cylindrical. The metallic fuel rods are of beryllium oxide enriched with varying degrees of uranium, with a beryllium core reflector. The liquid metal coolant chosen was natural lithium. After the liquid metal coolant leaves the reactor, it goes directly into the power conversion devices. The power conversion devices are Stirling engines. The heated coolant acts as a hot reservoir to the device. It then enters the radiator to be cooled and reenters the Stirling engine acting as a cold reservoir. The engines' operating fluid is helium, a highly conductive gas. These Stirling engines are hermetically sealed. Although natural lithium produces a lower breeding ratio, it does have a larger temperature range than sodium. It is also corrosive to steel. This is why the container material must be carefully chosen. One option is to use an expensive alloy of cerbium and zirconium. The radiator must be made of a highly conductive material whose melting point temperature is not exceeded in the reactor and whose structural strength can withstand meteor showers.

  1. Challenge Based Innovation gala

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Utriainen, Tuuli Maria; Toivonen, Harri; Nordberg, Markus

    2014-01-01

    Challenge Based Innovation gala   There’s a new experiment starting in CERN called IdeaLab where we work together with detector R&D researchers to help them to bridge their knowledge into a more human, societally oriented context. Currently we are located in B153, but will move our activities to a new facility next to the Globe in May 2014. One of our first pilot projects is a 5 month course CBI (Challenge Based Innovation) where two multidisciplinary student teams join forces with Edusafe & TALENT projects at CERN. Their goal is to discover what kind of tools for learning could be created in collaboration with the two groups. After months of user interviews and low resolution prototyping they are ready to share the results with us in the form of an afternoon gala. We warmly welcome you to join us to see the students' results and experience the prototypes they have conceived. The event is in three parts, you are welcome to visit all of them,...

  2. Pitch Based Sound Classification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Andreas Brinch; Hansen, Lars Kai; Kjems, U

    2006-01-01

    A sound classification model is presented that can classify signals into music, noise and speech. The model extracts the pitch of the signal using the harmonic product spectrum. Based on the pitch estimate and a pitch error measure, features are created and used in a probabilistic model with soft......-max output function. Both linear and quadratic inputs are used. The model is trained on 2 hours of sound and tested on publicly available data. A test classification error below 0.05 with 1 s classification windows is achieved. Further more it is shown that linear input performs as well as a quadratic......, and that even though classification gets marginally better, not much is achieved by increasing the window size beyond 1 s....

  3. Surface Plasmon Based Spectrometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wig, Andrew; Passian, Ali; Boudreaux, Philip; Ferrell, Tom

    2008-03-01

    A spectrometer that uses surface plasmon excitation in thin metal films to separate light into its component wavelengths is described. The use of surface plasmons as a dispersive medium sets this spectrometer apart from prism, grating, and interference based variants and allows for the miniaturization of this device. Theoretical and experimental results are presented for two different operation models. In the first case surface plasmon tunneling in the near field is used to provide transmission spectra of different broad band-pass, glass filters across the visible wavelength range with high stray-light rejection at low resolution as well as absorption spectra of chlorophyll extracted from a spinach leaf. The second model looks at the far field components of surface plasmon scattering.

  4. Graphene based biosensors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gürel, Hikmet Hakan, E-mail: hhakan.gurel@kocaeli.edu.tr [Kocaeli University, Kocaeli (Turkey); Salmankurt, Bahadır [Sakarya University, Sakarya (Turkey)

    2016-03-25

    Nanometer-sized graphene as a 2D material has unique chemical and electronic properties. Because of its unique physical, chemical, and electronic properties, its interesting shape and size make it a promising nanomaterial in many biological applications. It is expected that biomaterials incorporating graphene will be developed for the graphene-based drug delivery systems and biomedical devices. The interactions of biomolecules and graphene are long-ranged and very weak. Development of new techniques is very desirable for design of bioelectronics sensors and devices. In this work, we present first-principles calculations within density functional theory to calculate effects of charging on nucleobases on graphene. It is shown that how modify structural and electronic properties of nucleobases on graphene by applied charging.

  5. Touching base with OPERA

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2011-01-01

    Three seminars – at CERN, at Gran Sasso and in Japan – and an article calling for the scrutiny of the scientific community: the OPERA Collaboration opened its research publicly. In addition to huge press coverage, this triggered welcome reactions from colleagues around the world, many of whom will attempt to independently interpret and reproduce the measurement. OPERA’s Spokesperson touches base with the Bulletin.   The CERN Main Auditorium was crowded as OPERA Physics co-ordinator Dario Autiero presented the results of their research (23 September 2011). According to the OPERA strategy, the results of the measurements are in the hands of the scientific community and, as for any other scientific result, several months will be needed before other groups will be able to perform an independent measurement. In the meantime, the OPERA Collaboration is dealing with an avalanche of emails from the scientific community, members of the general public, and the press. &...

  6. Base isolation: Fresh insight

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shustov, V.

    1993-07-15

    The objective of the research is a further development of the engineering concept of seismic isolation. Neglecting the transient stage of seismic loading results in a widespread misjudgement: The force of resistance associated with velocity is mostly conceived as a source of damping vibrations, though it is an active force at the same time, during an earthquake type excitation. For very pliant systems such as base isolated structures with relatively low bearing stiffness and with artificially added heavy damping mechanism, the so called `damping`` force may occur even the main pushing force at an earthquake. Thus, one of the two basic pillars of the common seismic isolation philosophy, namely, the doctrine of usefulness and necessity of a strong damping mechanism, is turning out to be a self-deception, sometimes even jeopardizing the safety of structures and discrediting the very idea of seismic isolation. There is a way out: breaking with damping dependancy.

  7. Lunar based massdriver applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehresmann, Manfred; Gabrielli, Roland Atonius; Herdrich, Georg; Laufer, René

    2017-05-01

    The results of a lunar massdriver mission and system analysis are discussed and show a strong case for a permanent lunar settlement with a site near the lunar equator. A modular massdriver concept is introduced, which uses multiple acceleration modules to be able to launch large masses into a trajectory that is able to reach Earth. An orbital mechanics analysis concludes that the launch site will be in the Oceanus Procellarum a flat, Titanium rich lunar mare area. It is further shown that the bulk of massdriver components can be manufactured by collecting lunar minerals, which are broken down into its constituting elements. The mass to orbit transfer rates of massdriver case study are significant and can vary between 1.8 kt and 3.3 megatons per year depending on the available power. Thus a lunar massdriver would act as a catalyst for any space based activities and a game changer for the scale of feasible space projects.

  8. Bases para proyectiles dirigidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial, Equipo

    1959-03-01

    Full Text Available Aunque actualmente no se ha llegado a una línea general de métodos o sistemas que gobiernen un tipo característico de rampa y servicios auxiliares necesarios para el lanzamiento al espacio de proyectiles dirigidos a grandes alturas y distancias, las experiencias obtenidas en diferentes ensayos, utilizando distintos tipos de proyectiles y trayectorias balísticas, han sentado toda una serie de procedimientos, datos y conclusiones de gran valor balístico que, aun teniendo en cuenta la continua evolución del proyectil, sus formas, combustibles y alcances, se conocen ya, con bastante aproximación, las condiciones mínimas que ha de reunir una base dedicada a este tipo de lanzamientos.

  9. Computer based satellite design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lashbrook, David D.

    1992-06-01

    A computer program to design geosynchronous spacecraft has been developed. The program consists of four separate but interrelated executable computer programs. The programs are compiled to run on a DOS based personnel computer. The source code is written in DoD mandated Ada programming language. The thesis presents the design technique and design equations used in the program. Detailed analysis is performed in the following areas for both dual spin and three axis stabilized spacecraft configurations: (1) Mass Propellent Budget and Mass Summary; (2) Battery Cell and Solar Cell Requirements for a Payload Power Requirement; and (3) Passive Thermal Control Requirements. A user's manual is included as Appendix A, and the source code for the computer programs as Appendix B.

  10. Watershed based intelligent scissors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieclawek, W; Pietka, E

    2015-07-01

    Watershed based modification of intelligent scissors has been developed. This approach requires a preprocessing phase with anisotropic diffusion to reduce subtle edges. Then, the watershed transform enhances the corridors. Finally, a roaming procedure, developed in this study, delineates the edge selected by a user. Due to a very restrictive set of pixels, subjected to the analysis, this approach significantly reduces the computational complexity. Moreover, the accuracy of the algorithm performance makes often one click point to be sufficient for one edge delineation. The method has been evaluated on structures as different in shape and appearance as the retina layers in OCT exams, chest and abdomen in CT and knee in MR studies. The accuracy is comparable with the traditional Life-Wire approach, whereas the analysis time decreases due to the reduction of the user interaction and number of pixels processed by the method.

  11. Ferroelectrics based absorbing layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Jianping; Sadaune, Véronique; Burgnies, Ludovic; Lippens, Didier

    2014-07-01

    We show that ferroelectrics-based periodic structure made of BaSrTiO3 (BST) cubes, arrayed onto a metal plate with a thin dielectric spacer film exhibit a dramatic enhancement of absorbance with value close to unity. The enhancement is found around the Mie magnetic resonance of the Ferroelectrics cubes with the backside metal layer stopping any transmitted waves. It also involves quasi-perfect impedance matching resulting in reflection suppression via simultaneous magnetic and electrical activities. In addition, it was shown numerically the existence of a periodicity optimum, which is explained from surface waves analysis along with trade-off between the resonance damping and the intrinsic loss of ferroelectrics cubes. An experimental verification in a hollow waveguide configuration with a good comparison with full-wave numerical modelling is at last reported by measuring the scattering parameters of single and dual BST cubes schemes pointing out coupling effects for densely packed structures.

  12. Transaction based approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunka, Frantisek; Matula, Jiri

    2017-07-01

    Transaction based approach is utilized in some methodologies in business process modeling. Essential parts of these transactions are human beings. The notion of agent or actor role is usually used for them. The paper on a particular example describes possibilities of Design Engineering Methodology for Organizations (DEMO) and Resource-Event-Agent (REA) methodology. Whereas the DEMO methodology can be regarded as a generic methodology having its foundation in the theory of Enterprise Ontology the REA methodology is regarded as the domain specific methodology and has its origin in accountancy systems. The results of these approaches is that the DEMO methodology captures everything that happens in the reality with a good empirical evidence whereas the REA methodology captures only changes connected with economic events. Economic events represent either change of the property rights to economic resource or consumption or production of economic resources. This results from the essence of economic events and their connection to economic resources.

  13. DNA based computers II

    CERN Document Server

    Landweber, Laura F; Baum, Eric B

    1998-01-01

    The fledgling field of DNA computers began in 1994 when Leonard Adleman surprised the scientific community by using DNA molecules, protein enzymes, and chemicals to solve an instance of a hard computational problem. This volume presents results from the second annual meeting on DNA computers held at Princeton only one and one-half years after Adleman's discovery. By drawing on the analogy between DNA computing and cutting-edge fields of biology (such as directed evolution), this volume highlights some of the exciting progress in the field and builds a strong foundation for the theory of molecular computation. DNA computing is a radically different approach to computing that brings together computer science and molecular biology in a way that is wholly distinct from other disciplines. This book outlines important advances in the field and offers comprehensive discussion on potential pitfalls and the general practicality of building DNA based computers.

  14. gis-based hydrological model based hydrological model upstream ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    eobe

    Metrological Agency (NIMET) and Jebba Hydroelectric ... cycle by SWAT is based on the water balance equation: = + (. − ... The estimation of the base flow is done using Equation. 5. = . ( ..... Acetic Acid”, Nigerian Journal of Tecnology, Vol. 32,.

  15. Problem-based Learning in a Competency-based World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bechtel, Gregory A.; Davidhizar, Ruth; Bradshaw, Martha J.

    1999-01-01

    Problem-based learning emphasizes critical thinking and clinical judgment. Competency-based education focuses on clinical competence. A merger of the two in nursing education could generate higher levels of inquiry and more expert clinicians. (SK)

  16. PROcess Based Diagnostics PROBE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clune, T.; Schmidt, G.; Kuo, K.; Bauer, M.; Oloso, H.

    2013-01-01

    Many of the aspects of the climate system that are of the greatest interest (e.g., the sensitivity of the system to external forcings) are emergent properties that arise via the complex interplay between disparate processes. This is also true for climate models most diagnostics are not a function of an isolated portion of source code, but rather are affected by multiple components and procedures. Thus any model-observation mismatch is hard to attribute to any specific piece of code or imperfection in a specific model assumption. An alternative approach is to identify diagnostics that are more closely tied to specific processes -- implying that if a mismatch is found, it should be much easier to identify and address specific algorithmic choices that will improve the simulation. However, this approach requires looking at model output and observational data in a more sophisticated way than the more traditional production of monthly or annual mean quantities. The data must instead be filtered in time and space for examples of the specific process being targeted.We are developing a data analysis environment called PROcess-Based Explorer (PROBE) that seeks to enable efficient and systematic computation of process-based diagnostics on very large sets of data. In this environment, investigators can define arbitrarily complex filters and then seamlessly perform computations in parallel on the filtered output from their model. The same analysis can be performed on additional related data sets (e.g., reanalyses) thereby enabling routine comparisons between model and observational data. PROBE also incorporates workflow technology to automatically update computed diagnostics for subsequent executions of a model. In this presentation, we will discuss the design and current status of PROBE as well as share results from some preliminary use cases.

  17. Loyalty-based management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichheld, F F

    1993-01-01

    Despite a flurry of activities aimed at serving customers better, few companies have systematically revamped their operations with customer loyalty in mind. Instead, most have adopted improvement programs ad hoc, and paybacks haven't materialized. Building a highly loyal customer base must be integral to a company's basic business strategy. Loyalty leaders like MBNA credit cards are successful because they have designed their entire business systems around customer loyalty--a self-reinforcing system in which the company delivers superior value consistently and reinvents cash flows to find and keep high-quality customers and employees. The economic benefits of high customer loyalty are measurable. When a company consistently delivers superior value and wins customer loyalty, market share and revenues go up, and the cost of acquiring new customers goes down. The better economics mean the company can pay workers better, which sets off a whole chain of events. Increased pay boosts employee moral and commitment; as employees stay longer, their productivity goes up and training costs fall; employees' overall job satisfaction, combined with their experience, helps them serve customers better; and customers are then more inclined to stay loyal to the company. Finally, as the best customers and employees become part of the loyalty-based system, competitors are left to survive with less desirable customers and less talented employees. To compete on loyalty, a company must understand the relationships between customer retention and the other parts of the business--and be able to quantify the linkages between loyalty and profits. It involves rethinking and aligning four important aspects of the business: customers, product/service offering, employees, and measurement systems.

  18. The office based CHIVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Passariello F

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Fausto Passariello,1 Stefano Ermini,2 Massimo Cappelli,3 Roberto Delfrate,4 Claude Franceschi5 1Centro Diagnostico Aquarius, Napoli, Italy; 2Private Practice, Grassina, Italy; 3Private Practice, Firenze, Italy; 4Casa di Cure Figlie di Maria, Cremona, Italy; 5Hospital St Joseph, Service d'Explorations Vasculaires, Paris, France Abstract: The cure Conservatrice Hémodynamique de l'Insuffisance Veineuse en Ambulatoire (CHIVA can be office based (OB. The OB-CHIVA protocol is aimed at transferring CHIVA procedures to specialists rooms. The protocol will check the feasibility of OB-CHIVA, data pertaining to recurrence, and will offer the opportunity to study saphenous femoral junction (SFJ stump evolution, the role of the washing vessels and the arch recanalization rate, and gather new data about the effect of the length of the treated saphenous vein. A simplified diagnostic procedure will allow an essential ultrasound examination of the venous net while a schematic and easily readable algorithm guides therapeutic choices. The Riobamba draining crossotomy (RDC tactic is composed of a set of OB procedures. While some of these procedures are, at the moment, only proposals, others are already applied. Devices generally used in ablative procedures such as Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (LASER, radio frequency, steam, and mechanical devices are used in this context to serve to conservative interventions for CHIVA. New techniques have also been proposed for devalvulation and tributary disconnection. Detailed follow-up is necessary in order to determine the effects of therapy and possible disease evolution. Finally, information is added about the informed consent and the ethical considerations of OB-CHIVA research. Keywords: CHIVA, office based procedures, LASER, RF, steam

  19. Mainstreaming gesture based interfaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Procházka

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Gestures are a common way of interaction with mobile devices. They emerged especially with the iPhone production. Gestures in currently used devices are usually based on the original gestures presented by Apple in its iOS (iPhone Operating System. Therefore, there is a wide agreement on the mobile gesture design. In last years, it is possible to see experiments with gesture usage also in the other areas of consumer electronics and computers. The examples can include televisions, large projections etc. These gestures can be marked as spatial or 3D gestures. They are connected with a natural 3D environment rather than with a flat 2D screen. Nevertheless, it is hard to find a comparable design agreement within the spatial gestures. Various projects are based on completely different gesture sets. This situation is confusing for their users and slows down spatial gesture adoption.This paper is focused on the standardization of spatial gestures. The review of projects focused on spatial gesture usage is provided in the first part. The main emphasis is placed on the usability point-of-view. On the basis of our analysis, we argue that the usability is the key issue enabling the wide adoption. The mobile gesture emergence was possible easily because the iPhone gestures were natural. Therefore, it was not necessary to learn them.The design and implementation of our presentation software, which is controlled by gestures, is outlined in the second part of the paper. Furthermore, the usability testing results are provided as well. We have tested our application on a group of users not instructed in the implemented gestures design. These results were compared with the other ones, obtained with our original implementation. The evaluation can be used as the basis for implementation of similar projects.

  20. Telephone-Based Coaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boccio, Mindy; Sanna, Rashel S; Adams, Sara R; Goler, Nancy C; Brown, Susan D; Neugebauer, Romain S; Ferrara, Assiamira; Wiley, Deanne M; Bellamy, David J; Schmittdiel, Julie A

    2017-03-01

    Many Americans continue to smoke, increasing their risk of disease and premature death. Both telephone-based counseling and in-person tobacco cessation classes may improve access for smokers seeking convenient support to quit. Little research has assessed whether such programs are effective in real-world clinical populations. Retrospective cohort study comparing wellness coaching participants with two groups of controls. Kaiser Permanente Northern California, a large integrated health care delivery system. Two hundred forty-one patients who participated in telephonic tobacco cessation coaching from January 1, 2011, to March 31, 2012, and two control groups: propensity-score-matched controls, and controls who participated in a tobacco cessation class during the same period. Wellness coaching participants received an average of two motivational interviewing-based coaching sessions that engaged the patient, evoked their reason to consider quitting, and helped them establish a quit plan. Self-reported quitting of tobacco and fills of tobacco cessation medications within 12 months of follow-up. Logistic regressions adjusting for age, gender, race/ethnicity, and primary language. After adjusting for confounders, tobacco quit rates were higher among coaching participants vs. matched controls (31% vs. 23%, p Coaching participants and class attendees filled tobacco-cessation prescriptions at a higher rate (47% for both) than matched controls (6%, p coaching was as effective as in-person classes and was associated with higher rates of quitting compared to no treatment. The telephonic modality may increase convenience and scalability for health care systems looking to reduce tobacco use and improve health.

  1. Base Research Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Everett Sondreal; John Hendrikson

    2009-03-31

    In June 2009, the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) completed 11 years of research under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Base Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40320 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy (OFE) and administered at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). A wide range of diverse research activities were performed under annual program plans approved by NETL in seven major task areas: (1) resource characterization and waste management, (2) air quality assessment and control, (3) advanced power systems, (4) advanced fuel forms, (5) value-added coproducts, (6) advanced materials, and (7) strategic studies. This report summarizes results of the 67 research subtasks and an additional 50 strategic studies. Selected highlights in the executive summary illustrate the contribution of the research to the energy industry in areas not adequately addressed by the private sector alone. During the period of performance of the agreement, concerns have mounted over the impact of carbon emissions on climate change, and new programs have been initiated by DOE to ensure that fossil fuel resources along with renewable resources can continue to supply the nation's transportation fuel and electric power. The agreement has addressed DOE goals for reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions through efficiency, capture, and sequestration while expanding the supply and use of domestic energy resources for energy security. It has further contributed to goals for near-zero emissions from highly efficient coal-fired power plants; environmental control capabilities for SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, fine respirable particulate (PM{sub 2.5}), and mercury; alternative transportation fuels including liquid synfuels and hydrogen; and synergistic integration of fossil and renewable resources (e.g., wind-, biomass-, and coal-based electrical generation).

  2. 从门票价格视角看职业足球竞赛产品的市场化%About the contesting production of the professional football going to the market from the ticket price

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宁

    2007-01-01

    随着足球运动的发展,社会大众产生了观赏高水平足球竞赛表演的强烈要求,足球运动被赋予了市场价值,逐渐形成了职业足球.职业足球产品是一种特殊的商品,它以比赛的形式出现,消费者为观看和欣赏比赛的过程和结果,而支付必要的钱财,门票的价格成为这一产品价值的货币体现.相对于经营者而言.准确把握职业足球门票价格规律并由此制定合适的门票价格是进行职业足球竞赛产品营销的关键.

  3. Analysis on the Market and Ticket Price of Commercial Football Games in China%对我国商业足球比赛市场形成及其门票定价分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘苹; 陈存志; 田广

    2007-01-01

    从利益相关者角度分析了我国商业足球比赛市场形成的原因,就近几年在我国举办的商业足球比赛门票价格的现状进行分析,然后对商业足球比赛门票价格制定的理论依据进行深入探索,最后结合中国实际对商业足球比赛门票的定价策略提出建议和对策,为我国商业足球比赛门票价格制定提供科学依据.

  4. An Economics Perspective of the Ticket Pricing of Professional Football League Games in China%中国职业足球比赛门票定价的经济学解释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒成利; 刘翠娟

    2007-01-01

    以俱乐部收益最大化为基础,利用边际成本和边际收益、价格歧视和搭售定价等理论,研究了职业足球比赛门票定价的策略和实践.发现:①俱乐部门票定价的基本原则是各个区域、层次门票的边际收益等于其边际成本;②三个级别的价格歧视和搭售策略能优化俱乐部的门票收益;③实施经济学理论定价需要以充分反映观众需求特性、正确确定门票的机会成本、俱乐部具有市场势力、没有市场套利行为等为基础.而对于市场套利行为,可以通过制度假设和硬件建设加以规避.

  5. 中美国家风景名胜区门票价格比较研究%A Comparative Study on Admission Tickets Price between National Scenic Resort in China and National Park in the United States

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘鹏飞; 梁留科; 刘英

    2011-01-01

    国家风景名胜区具有的公益性,决定了其门票价格在定价时应着重考虑其社会效益.以中国国家风景名胜区和美国国家公园为例,首先从门票价格高低、定价策略、门票调控方法、补贴资金来源、门票价格监管体制等方面,对其门票价格管理特征进行了比较.结果表明,我国风景名胜区门票价格总体偏高(相对人均可支配收入);定价时过多地考虑其经济效益,忽视了社会效益;门票调控手段单一;价格监督体制不够健全.其次从管理体制、价格体系、资金投入、监管体制等方面对其门票价格管理提出了相关建议.

  6. The Computer Management System for Power Cut Ticket in Nanning Power Supply Company%南宁供电局变电停电票计算机管理系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    粱文焰

    2004-01-01

    南宁供电局变电停电申请票系统采用Inprise公司的第四代面向对象开发工具Delphi6.0和Window2000中文操作系统平台及Sybase SQL Server12作为数据库平台开发,该信息管理系统实现了变电维护、变电运行、调度间的计算机填、绘、审、签停电票,提高停电申请效率70%.

  7. Discussing the Capacity Management of Scenery Spot and Crisis Management from the "Ticket Event" in Hong Kong Disney World%从香港迪斯尼"门票风波"看景区容量与危机管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王薇; 钟琦; 杨凌曦

    2006-01-01

    香港迪斯尼的门票风波引起社会各界普遍关注,有赞许也有诸多的指责.对于此次事件,不论对社会公众还是对当事方香港迪斯尼,都应该理智地看待这个问题.文章有针对性地从景区容量管理和危机管理方面探讨了这次事件,并提出相应的对策及建议.

  8. 几家欢乐几家愁——评2007年日本政坛选战%Where Go the Tickets?——Elections in Japan 2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁瀛

    2007-01-01

    今年是日本国内的选举年,从春季开始的第十六届统一地方选举一直延续到7月份的参院选举,真是接连不断、热闹非凡。各政党的候选人纷纷粉墨登场,使出浑身解数,进行竞选和拉票活动。4月8日深夜,日本第十六届统一地方选举第一阶段选战落下帷幕。

  9. 商务网站的研究及设计——网上购票系统%Research and Design of Business Websites——Online Booking Tickets System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨立

    2010-01-01

    一直以来,火车票难买,火车票倒卖以及制造、贩卖假票等是铁路部门亟待解决的问题.随着网上购物系统、网上付费系统的逐渐成熟,火车票网上订票必将成为今后的潮流趋势.文章就网上购票系统的设计及运行问题进行了分析探讨.

  10. DUAL BASES FOR A NEW FAMILY OF GENERALIZED BALL BASES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong-yiWu

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents the dual bases for a new family of generalized Ball curves with a position parameter K, which includes the Bezier curve, generalized Said-Ball curve and some intermediate curves. Using the dual bases, the relative Marsden identity, conversion formulas of bases and control points of various curves are obtained.

  11. CMOS-Based Biosensor Arrays

    CERN Document Server

    Thewes, R; Schienle, M; Hofmann, F; Frey, A; Brederlow, R; Augustyniak, M; Jenkner, M; Eversmann, B; Schindler-Bauer, P; Atzesberger, M; Holzapfl, B; Beer, G; Haneder, T; Hanke, H -C

    2011-01-01

    CMOS-based sensor array chips provide new and attractive features as compared to today's standard tools for medical, diagnostic, and biotechnical applications. Examples for molecule- and cell-based approaches and related circuit design issues are discussed.

  12. Managing the Gap between Curriculum Based and Problem Based Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bygholm, Ann; Buus, Lillian

    2009-01-01

    the challenges in applying problem based learning strategies in a context where several universities, with different cultures of teaching, collaboratively develop and deliver online courses. We present a pedagogical framework embracing both problem based and curriculum based strategies and show how we used....../or but rather both/and. In this paper we describe an approach to design and delivery of online courses in computer science which on the one hand is based on a specified curriculum and on the other hand gives room for different learning strategies, problem based learning being one of them. We discuss...... this as a basis for trying out various online learning strategies....

  13. Agent-Based Cloud Computing

    OpenAIRE

    Sim, Kwang Mong

    2012-01-01

    Agent-based cloud computing is concerned with the design and development of software agents for bolstering cloud service\\ud discovery, service negotiation, and service composition. The significance of this work is introducing an agent-based paradigm for\\ud constructing software tools and testbeds for cloud resource management. The novel contributions of this work include: 1) developing\\ud Cloudle: an agent-based search engine for cloud service discovery, 2) showing that agent-based negotiatio...

  14. Memory-Based Shallow Parsing

    OpenAIRE

    Sang, Erik F. Tjong Kim

    2002-01-01

    We present memory-based learning approaches to shallow parsing and apply these to five tasks: base noun phrase identification, arbitrary base phrase recognition, clause detection, noun phrase parsing and full parsing. We use feature selection techniques and system combination methods for improving the performance of the memory-based learner. Our approach is evaluated on standard data sets and the results are compared with that of other systems. This reveals that our approach works well for ba...

  15. Utilization-Based Congestion Control

    OpenAIRE

    Satoshi Utsumi; Salahuddin Muhammad Salim Zabir

    2012-01-01

    Traditional connection oriented protocols like TCP NewReno perform poorly over wireless links. Theproblem lies in their design assumptions based on loss based congestion control. Various modificationsto loss based congestion control schemes have so far been proposed to overcome the issue. In addition,the comparatively newer family of delay based congestion control mechanisms like Caia-Hamilton Delay(CHD), offer effective solutions for wireless link loss. All these approaches aim at improving ...

  16. ‘"Education-based Research"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Degn Johansson, Troels

    This paper lays out a concept of education-based research-the production of research knowledge within the framework of tertiary design education-as an integration of problem-based learning and research-based education. This leads to a critique of reflective practice as the primary way to facilitate...... learning at this level, a discussion of the nature of design problems in the instrumentalist tradition, and some suggestions as to how design studies curricula may facilitate education-based research....

  17. Managing the Gap between Curriculum Based and Problem Based Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bygholm, Ann; Buus, Lillian

    2009-01-01

    Traditionally there has been a clear distinction between curriculum based and problem based approaches to accomplish learning. Preferred approaches depend of course on conviction, culture, traditions and also on the specific learning situation. We will argue that it is not a question of either....../or but rather both/and. In this paper we describe an approach to design and delivery of online courses in computer science which on the one hand is based on a specified curriculum and on the other hand gives room for different learning strategies, problem based learning being one of them. We discuss...... the challenges in applying problem based learning strategies in a context where several universities, with different cultures of teaching, collaboratively develop and deliver online courses. We present a pedagogical framework embracing both problem based and curriculum based strategies and show how we used...

  18. Identity-based ring signature scheme based on quadratic residues

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiong Hu; Qin Zhiguang; Li Fagen

    2009-01-01

    Identity-based (ID-based) ring signature has drawn great concerns in recent years and many ID-based ring signature schemes have been proposed until now. Unfortunately, all of these ID-based ring signatures are constructed from bilinear pairings, a powerful but computationally expensive primitive. Hence, ID-based ring signature without pairing is of great interest in the field of cryptography. In this paper, the authors firstly propose an ID-based ring signature scheme based on quadratic residues. The proposed scheme is proved to be existentially unforgeable against adaptive chosen message-and-identity attack under the random oracle model, assuming the hardness of factoring. The proposed scheme is more efficient than those which are constructed from bilinear pairings.

  19. Planning for Bioterrorism. Behavioral & Mental Health Responses to Weapons of Mass Destruction & Mass Disruption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-07-16

    that had to be stationary that did air sampling, concentration, and then literally using smart tickets, or ELISA-based antibody antigen assays , were...exposed to a nerve agent. Then the entire group felt they were exposed and all came in to the emergency room. It was a phenomenal event. I remember Cam ...TODAY PREVENTS DEAD DUCK TOMORROW 40 9 Appendix 3 Disaster Responses: Nuclear, Natural, & Human-Made Evelyn J. Bromet 40 .ccu~u -CUC c(D c co~0.0 1- 0

  20. Multiproduct airport competition and e-commerce strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Valentina Bracaglia; Tiziana D'Alfonso; Alberto Nastasi

    2014-01-01

    We study airport competition when vertically differentiated products may be strategically offered at the time of ticket purchase through the Internet: a base product – the flight – and a composite one – the flight plus some premium commercials (PCs), as car parking, car rental or hotel reservation. We model a two stages game: first airports decide whether to offer PCs online, thus making the purchasing decisions interact through observability of aviation and commercial prices. Then, the...

  1. Narrar – mostrar – ver: Como analisar um álbum de fotos de família em conexão com uma entrevista narrativa.

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Family photo albums are places where memories are created and fixed (Chalfen, 1987). They consist mainly of photographs and other kind of visual material (postcards, tickets, etc.), as well as more or less extensive captions and comments. Traditionally, the pictures are organized in a booklet, that is in a sequential order which implicitly is based on a pictorial as well as narrative structure of presenting and creating a ‘family frame’ (Hirsch, 1997/2002). How a specific image of ‘family’ em...

  2. Physically unclonable functions (PUFs) applications, models, and future directions

    CERN Document Server

    Wachsmann, Christian

    2014-01-01

    Today, embedded systems are used in many security-critical applications, from access control, electronic tickets, sensors, and smart devices (e.g., wearables) to automotive applications and critical infrastructures. These systems are increasingly used to produce and process both security-critical and privacy-sensitive data, which bear many security and privacy risks. Establishing trust in the underlying devices and making them resistant to software and hardware attacks is a fundamental requirement in many applications and a challenging, yet unsolved, task. Solutions solely based on software ca

  3. Virtual Objects on the Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordán Pascual Espada

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available As technology advances more and more "things" began to appear in digital format, such as: tickets, agendas, books, electronic purses, etc. Internet of things encourages communication and integration of physical objects with each other and people to automate tasks and improve efficiency. Digital objects like physicists should be part of Internet of Things but the different structures of these digital objects causes in most cases these digital objects can interact only with specific applications that know the specific format. Based on the problems in this paper proposes a structure that supports the generic construction of virtual objects irrespective of their business logic and their integration with other applications and "things".

  4. 旅游专家:PRICELINE.COM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳昱骋

    2011-01-01

    Introduction:Priceline.com is an Internet-based transactional service that offers products in two categories:a travel service and a personal finance service.The travel service offers leisure airline tickets,hotel rooms,rental cars,packaged vacations and cruises.The personal finance service markets home mortgages,refinancing and home equity loans through an independent licensee.Priceline.com uses the new ebusiness model for the whole website,especially its special travel services called Name Your Own Price@,which enables customers to save money on a wide range of travel-related items.

  5. Based on Channel Characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhuo Hao

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A number of key agreement schemes based on wireless channel characteristics have been proposed recently. However, previous key agreement schemes require that two nodes which need to agree on a key are within the communication range of each other. Hence, they are not suitable for multihop wireless networks, in which nodes do not always have direct connections with each other. In this paper, we first propose a basic multihop key agreement scheme for wireless ad hoc networks. The proposed basic scheme is resistant to external eavesdroppers. Nevertheless, this basic scheme is not secure when there exist internal eavesdroppers or Man-in-the-Middle (MITM adversaries. In order to cope with these adversaries, we propose an improved multihop key agreement scheme. We show that the improved scheme is secure against internal eavesdroppers and MITM adversaries in a single path. Both performance analysis and simulation results demonstrate that the improved scheme is efficient. Consequently, the improved key agreement scheme is suitable for multihop wireless ad hoc networks.

  6. Explanation-Based Auditing

    CERN Document Server

    Fabbri, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    To comply with emerging privacy laws and regulations, it has become common for applications like electronic health records systems (EHRs) to collect access logs, which record each time a user (e.g., a hospital employee) accesses a piece of sensitive data (e.g., a patient record). Using the access log, it is easy to answer simple queries (e.g., Who accessed Alice's medical record?), but this often does not provide enough information. In addition to learning who accessed their medical records, patients will likely want to understand why each access occurred. In this paper, we introduce the problem of generating explanations for individual records in an access log. The problem is motivated by user-centric auditing applications, and it also provides a novel approach to misuse detection. We develop a framework for modeling explanations which is based on a fundamental observation: For certain classes of databases, including EHRs, the reason for most data accesses can be inferred from data stored elsewhere in the da...

  7. Flow-Based Provenance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabah Al-Fedaghi

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Aim/Purpose: With information almost effortlessly created and spontaneously available, current progress in Information and Communication Technology (ICT has led to the complication that information must be scrutinized for trustworthiness and provenance. Information systems must become provenance-aware to be satisfactory in accountability, reproducibility, and trustworthiness of data. Background:\tMultiple models for abstract representation of provenance have been proposed to describe entities, people, and activities involved in producing a piece of data, including the Open Provenance Model (OPM and the World Wide Web Consortium. These models lack certain concepts necessary for specifying workflows and encoding the provenance of data products used and generated. Methodology: Without loss of generality, the focus of this paper is on OPM depiction of provenance in terms of a directed graph. We have redrawn several case studies in the framework of our proposed model in order to compare and evaluate it against OPM for representing these cases. Contribution: This paper offers an alternative flow-based diagrammatic language that can form a foundation for modeling of provenance. The model described here provides an (abstract machine-like representation of provenance. Findings: The results suggest a viable alternative in the area of diagrammatic representation for provenance applications. Future Research: Future work will seek to achieve more accurate comparisons with current models in the field.

  8. Evidence-based management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfeffer, Jeffrey; Sutton, Robert I

    2006-01-01

    For the most part, managers looking to cure their organizational ills rely on obsolete knowledge they picked up in school, long-standing but never proven traditions, patterns gleaned from experience, methods they happen to be skilled in applying, and information from vendors. They could learn a thing or two from practitioners of evidence-based medicine, a movement that has taken the medical establishment by storm over the past decade. A growing number of physicians are eschewing the usual, flawed resources and are instead identifying, disseminating, and applying research that is soundly conducted and clinically relevant. It's time for managers to do the same. The challenge is, quite simply, to ground decisions in the latest and best knowledge of what actually works. In some ways, that's more difficult to do in business than in medicine. The evidence is weaker in business; almost anyone can (and many people do) claim to be a management expert; and a motley crew of sources--Shakespeare, Billy Graham,Jack Welch, Attila the Hunare used to generate management advice. Still, it makes sense that when managers act on better logic and strong evidence, their companies will beat the competition. Like medicine, management is learned through practice and experience. Yet managers (like doctors) can practice their craft more effectively if they relentlessly seek new knowledge and insight, from both inside and outside their companies, so they can keep updating their assumptions, skills, and knowledge.

  9. Base Camp Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Warebi Gabriel Brisibe

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Longitudinal or time line studies of change in the architecture of a particular culture are common, but an area still open to further research is change across space or place. In particular, there is need for studies on architectural change of cultures stemming from the same ethnic source split between their homeland and other Diasporas. This change may range from minor deviations to drastic shifts away from an architectural norm and the accumulation of these shifts within a time frame constitutes variations. This article focuses on identifying variations in the architecture of the Ijo fishing group that migrates along the coastline of West Africa. It examines the causes of cross-cultural variation between base camp dwellings of Ijo migrant fishermen in the Bakassi Peninsula in Cameroon and Bayelsa State in Nigeria. The study draws on the idea of the inevitability of cultural and social change over time as proposed in the theories of cultural dynamism and evolution. It tests aspects of cultural transmission theory using the principal coordinates analysis to ascertain the possible causes of variation. From the findings, this research argues that migration has enhanced the forces of cultural dynamism, which have resulted in significant variations in the architecture of this fishing group.

  10. RF Based Spy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robot Prerna Jain

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The intention of this paper is to reduce human victims in terrorist attack such as 26/11. So this problem can be overcome by designing the RF based spy robot which involves wireless camera. so that from this we can examine rivals when it required. This robot can quietly enter into enemy area and sends us the information via wireless camera. On the other hand one more feature is added in this robot that is colour sensor. Colour sensor senses the colour of surface and according to that robot will change its colour. Because of this feature this robot can’t easily detected by enemies. The movement of this robot is wirelessly controlled by a hand held RF transmitter to send commands to the RF receiver mounted on the moving robot. Since human life is always Valueable, these robots are the substitution of soldiers in war areas. This spy robot can also be used in star hotels, shopping malls, jewelry show rooms, etc where there can be threat from intruders or terrorists.

  11. Lunar base construction requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jolly, Steve; Helleckson, Brent

    1990-01-01

    The following viewgraph presentation is a review of the Lunar Base Constructibility Study carried out in the spring and summer of 1990. The objective of the study was to develop a method for evaluating the constructibility of Phase A proposals to build facilities on orbit or on extraterrestrial surfaces. Space construction was broadly defined as all forms of assembly, disassembly, connection, disconnection, deployment, stowage, excavation, emplacement, activation, test, transportation, etc., required to create facilities in orbit and on the surfaces of other celestial bodies. It was discovered that decisions made in the face of stated and unstated assumptions early in the design process (commonly called Phase A) can lock in non-optimal construction methods. Often, in order to construct the design, alterations must be made to the design during much later phases of the project. Such 'fixes' can be very difficult, expensive, or perhaps impossible. Assessing constructibility should thus be a part of the iterative design process, starting with the Phase A studies and continuing through production. This study assumes that there exists a minimum set of key construction requirements (i.e., questions whose answers form the set of discriminators) that must be implied or specified in order to assess the constructibility of the design. This set of construction requirements constitutes a 'constructibility filter' which then becomes part of the iterative design process. Five inherently different, dichotomous design reference missions were used in the extraction of these requirements to assure the depth and breath of the list.

  12. Biosensors based on cantilevers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez, Mar; Carrascosa, Laura G; Zinoviev, Kiril; Plaza, Jose A; Lechuga, Laura M

    2009-01-01

    Microcantilevers based-biosensors are a new label-free technique that allows the direct detection of biomolecular interactions in a label-less way and with great accuracy by translating the biointeraction into a nanomechanical motion. Low cost and reliable standard silicon technologies are widely used for the fabrication of cantilevers with well-controlled mechanical properties. Over the last years, the number of applications of these sensors has shown a fast growth in diverse fields, such as genomic or proteomic, because of the biosensor flexibility, the low sample consumption, and the non-pretreated samples required. In this chapter, we report a dedicated design and a fabrication process of highly sensitive microcantilever silicon sensors. We will describe as well an application of the device in the environmental field showing the immunodetection of an organic toxic pesticide as an example. The cantilever biofunctionalization process and the subsequent pesticide determination are detected in real time by monitoring the nanometer-scale bending of the microcantilever due to a differential surface stress generated between both surfaces of the device.

  13. Holography based super resolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Anwar; Mudassar, Asloob A.

    2012-05-01

    This paper describes the simulation of a simple technique of superresolution based on holographic imaging in spectral domain. The input beam assembly containing 25 optical fibers with different orientations and positions is placed to illuminate the object in the 4f optical system. The position and orientation of each fiber is calculated with respect to the central fiber in the array. The positions and orientations of the fibers are related to the shift of object spectrum at aperture plane. During the imaging process each fiber is operated once in the whole procedure to illuminate the input object transparency which gives shift to the object spectrum in the spectral domain. This shift of the spectrum is equal to the integral multiple of the pass band aperture width. During the operation of single fiber (ON-state) all other fibers are in OFF-state at that time. The hologram recorded by each fiber at the CCD plane is stored in computer memory. At the end of illumination process total 25 holograms are recorded by the whole fiber array and by applying some post processing and specific algorithm single super resolved image is obtained. The superresolved image is five times better than the band-limited image. The work is demonstrated using computer simulation only.

  14. Alphavirus-based vaccines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundstrom, Kenneth

    2014-06-16

    Alphavirus vectors have demonstrated high levels of transient heterologous gene expression both in vitro and in vivo and, therefore, possess attractive features for vaccine development. The most commonly used delivery vectors are based on three single-stranded encapsulated alphaviruses, namely Semliki Forest virus, Sindbis virus and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. Alphavirus vectors have been applied as replication-deficient recombinant viral particles and, more recently, as replication-proficient particles. Moreover, in vitro transcribed RNA, as well as layered DNA vectors have been applied for immunization. A large number of highly immunogenic viral structural proteins expressed from alphavirus vectors have elicited strong neutralizing antibody responses in multispecies animal models. Furthermore, immunization studies have demonstrated robust protection against challenges with lethal doses of virus in rodents and primates. Similarly, vaccination with alphavirus vectors expressing tumor antigens resulted in prophylactic protection against challenges with tumor-inducing cancerous cells. As certain alphaviruses, such as Chikungunya virus, have been associated with epidemics in animals and humans, attention has also been paid to the development of vaccines against alphaviruses themselves. Recent progress in alphavirus vector development and vaccine technology has allowed conducting clinical trials in humans.

  15. Alphavirus-Based Vaccines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth Lundstrom

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Alphavirus vectors have demonstrated high levels of transient heterologous gene expression both in vitro and in vivo and, therefore, possess attractive features for vaccine development. The most commonly used delivery vectors are based on three single-stranded encapsulated alphaviruses, namely Semliki Forest virus, Sindbis virus and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. Alphavirus vectors have been applied as replication-deficient recombinant viral particles and, more recently, as replication-proficient particles. Moreover, in vitro transcribed RNA, as well as layered DNA vectors have been applied for immunization. A large number of highly immunogenic viral structural proteins expressed from alphavirus vectors have elicited strong neutralizing antibody responses in multispecies animal models. Furthermore, immunization studies have demonstrated robust protection against challenges with lethal doses of virus in rodents and primates. Similarly, vaccination with alphavirus vectors expressing tumor antigens resulted in prophylactic protection against challenges with tumor-inducing cancerous cells. As certain alphaviruses, such as Chikungunya virus, have been associated with epidemics in animals and humans, attention has also been paid to the development of vaccines against alphaviruses themselves. Recent progress in alphavirus vector development and vaccine technology has allowed conducting clinical trials in humans.

  16. Azido-based propellants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sayles, D.C.

    1987-04-07

    This patent describes an azido-based solid propellant composition having an improved burning rate comprising: a high energy plasticizer of tris-1,2,3(bis(1,2-difluoroamino)ethoxy)propane in an amount from about 24 to about 30 weight percent of the propellant composition; a curative and crosslinking agent of 4,5-epoxycyclohexylmethyl 4'5'-epoxycyclohexylcarboxylate in an amount from about 0.75 to about 1.5 weight percent of the propellant composition; a carboranyl burning rate catalyst of carboranyl-methyl propionate in an amount from about 2 to about 6 weight percent of the propellant composition; graphite linters of about 100 micrometers lengths in an amount from about 1 to about 3 weight percent of the propellant composition; aluminum powder in an amount from about 10 to about 12 weight percent of the propellant composition; aluminum flake in an amount from about 0.5 to about 2 weight percent of the propellant composition; ammonium perchlorate of about 0.9 micrometer diameter in an amount from about 46 to about 52 weight percent of the composition; a processing aid of lecithin in an amount from about 0.1 to about 0.2 weight percent of the propellant composition; and a binder of 2-azidoethyl acrylateacrylic acid copolymer in an amount from about 3 to about 8 weight percent of the propellant composition.

  17. Mixture Based Outlier Filtration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Pecherková

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Success/failure of adaptive control algorithms – especially those designed using the Linear Quadratic Gaussian criterion – depends on the quality of the process data used for model identification. One of the most harmful types of process data corruptions are outliers, i.e. ‘wrong data’ lying far away from the range of real data. The presence of outliers in the data negatively affects an estimation of the dynamics of the system. This effect is magnified when the outliers are grouped into blocks. In this paper, we propose an algorithm for outlier detection and removal. It is based on modelling the corrupted data by a two-component probabilistic mixture. The first component of the mixture models uncorrupted process data, while the second models outliers. When the outlier component is detected to be active, a prediction from the uncorrupted data component is computed and used as a reconstruction of the observed data. The resulting reconstruction filter is compared to standard methods on simulated and real data. The filter exhibits excellent properties, especially in the case of blocks of outliers. 

  18. AUGMENTED REALITY BASED ASSISTANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.R.Raajan

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The concept of Augmented Reality can be explained as a superimposition of computer generated two dimensional or three dimensional objects over the real time scene acquired into thecapturing device. Thus Augmented Reality adds additional information to the real scene and this can be implemented with the help of markers. The development of the application is simple and easier in case of AR. This idea is extended to the development of Augmented Reality based book that act as a tour guide. This travel guide can give all the basic information regarding the necessities of a finer travel around the places of the destinations. The application will detect the markers found in the real scene and superimpose them with multimedia data giving enormous information. The application can also be made to redirect to the web links for easy access of certain other utilities by interaction. The same idea can also be utilized in engineering laboratories to understand the working of the circuit by visualizing the working of the same circuit where the diagram itself can be used as a marker and thus enhancing the self learning among the students.

  19. Home-based Healthcare Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Verdezoto, Nervo

    of these systems target a specific treatment or condition and might not be sufficient to support the care management work at home. Based on a case study approach, my research investigates home-based healthcare practices and how they can inform future design of home-based healthcare technology that better account...

  20. Condition based spare parts supply

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lin, X.; Basten, Robertus Johannes Ida; Kranenburg, A.A.; van Houtum, Geert-Jan

    2012-01-01

    We consider a spare parts stock point that serves an installed base of machines. Each machine contains the same critical component, whose degradation behavior is described by a Markov process. We consider condition based spare parts supply, and show that an optimal, condition based inventory policy