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Sample records for play college sports

  1. Men Get 70% of Money Available for Athletic Scholarships at Colleges That Play Big-Time Sports, New Study Finds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lederman, Douglas

    1992-01-01

    A study on sex equity by the National Collegiate Athletic Association found men's college athletic teams receive 70 percent of athletic scholarship money, 77 percent of operating money, and 83 percent of recruiting money spent by colleges playing big-time sports, despite virtually equal enrollment of men and women. Interpretations of the data…

  2. Competitive Sports: Helping Kids Play it Cool

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... handle mistakes? Is he or she a good sport or do emotions get out of control? Of course, some of ... that a game is just a game. Playing sports can teach many wonderful life lessons — valuing teamwork, overcoming challenges, controlling emotions, taking pride in accomplishments — but only if you ...

  3. Freud on play, games, and sports fanaticism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holowchak, M Andrew

    2011-01-01

    Much has been written in the secondary literature on Freud's aggression-release perspective vis-à-vis competitive sports. Very little has been written, however, on Freud's own explicit contribution to play, games, and sport. That is likely the result of Freud's reluctance to take up them--especially from the gamesman's and sportsman's points of view. One can, however, tease out the development of Freud's thoughts on games, play, and sport through a careful examination of his corpus over time. In doing so, one finds an early view of play and games, where the drives behind those activities are self- and other-preservative, and a later view, where Freud introduces his death drive. The article ends with some notions on what Freud might have said on the fanaticism that accompanies competitive sport, had he expressly taken up the issue.

  4. College Sports: Revising the Playbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casement, William

    2013-01-01

    The big-time approach to college sports demands an overhaul--for the good of the athletes, the bottom line, and the intellectual atmosphere on campus. The academic and nonacademic purposes within higher education institutions bump up against one another for a result that is increasingly dysfunctional. There is, however, a way out that will give…

  5. Analysis of combat sports players’ injuries according to playing style for sports physiotherapy research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noh, Ji-Woong; Park, Byoung-Sun; Kim, Mee-Young; Lee, Lim-Kyu; Yang, Seung-Min; Lee, Won-Deok; Shin, Yong-Sub; Kim, Ju-Hyun; Lee, Jeong-Uk; Kwak, Taek-Yong; Lee, Tae-Hyun; Kim, Ju-Young; Park, Jaehong; Kim, Junghwan

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] This study describes the characteristics of injuries in strike and non-strike combat sports, and the results are intended for use in the area of sports physiotherapy research. [Subjects and Methods] The study was conducted on 159 athletes involved in a variety of combat sports. The participants included elite college players of the following sports: judo (47), ssireum (19), wrestling (13), kendo (30), boxing (16), and taekwondo (34). Of the participants, 133 were male and 26 were female. In the case of ssireum and boxing, all of the athletes were male. [Results] In the case of the combat sports, the types of injury and injured regions differed according to playing style. Dislocation and injuries to the neck, shoulders, and elbows were more frequent in the non-strike sports, while injuries to the wrists and hands were more frequent in the strike sports. There was a high incidence of sprains, strains, bruises, and injuries to the lower limbs in both groups. [Conclusion] We suggest that the characteristics of injuries in combat sports differ according to playing style, and our study will therefore provide physical therapists and researchers with information that can be used to prevent injury. PMID:26357420

  6. Analysis of combat sports players' injuries according to playing style for sports physiotherapy research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noh, Ji-Woong; Park, Byoung-Sun; Kim, Mee-Young; Lee, Lim-Kyu; Yang, Seung-Min; Lee, Won-Deok; Shin, Yong-Sub; Kim, Ju-Hyun; Lee, Jeong-Uk; Kwak, Taek-Yong; Lee, Tae-Hyun; Kim, Ju-Young; Park, Jaehong; Kim, Junghwan

    2015-08-01

    [Purpose] This study describes the characteristics of injuries in strike and non-strike combat sports, and the results are intended for use in the area of sports physiotherapy research. [Subjects and Methods] The study was conducted on 159 athletes involved in a variety of combat sports. The participants included elite college players of the following sports: judo (47), ssireum (19), wrestling (13), kendo (30), boxing (16), and taekwondo (34). Of the participants, 133 were male and 26 were female. In the case of ssireum and boxing, all of the athletes were male. [Results] In the case of the combat sports, the types of injury and injured regions differed according to playing style. Dislocation and injuries to the neck, shoulders, and elbows were more frequent in the non-strike sports, while injuries to the wrists and hands were more frequent in the strike sports. There was a high incidence of sprains, strains, bruises, and injuries to the lower limbs in both groups. [Conclusion] We suggest that the characteristics of injuries in combat sports differ according to playing style, and our study will therefore provide physical therapists and researchers with information that can be used to prevent injury.

  7. On Situation and Prevention of College Basketball Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Baichao Xu

    2015-01-01

    Basketball is one of the favorite sports of the masses, in order to allow a more efficient conduct of basketball for the college student sports activities, it can play a positive role in promoting to enable students to love, enjoy basketball. This paper is to study the current situation and prevent the basketball damage.

  8. Social inequalities in young children's sports participation and outdoor play.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijtzes, Anne I; Jansen, Wilma; Bouthoorn, Selma H; Pot, Niek; Hofman, Albert; Jaddoe, Vincent W V; Raat, Hein

    2014-12-16

    Research on social inequalities in sports participation and unstructured physical activity among young children is scarce. This study aimed to assess the associations of family socioeconomic position (SEP) and ethnic background with children's sports participation and outdoor play. We analyzed data from 4726 ethnically diverse 6-year-old children participating in the Generation R Study. Variables were assessed by parent-reported questionnaires when the child was 6 years old. Low level of outdoor play was defined as outdoor play sports participation and outdoor play. Socioeconomic inequalities in children's sports participation were found when using maternal educational level (p sports participation among low SEP children). Socioeconomic inequalities in children's outdoor play were found when using household income only (p sports and play outdoor sports participation. Low SEP children and ethnic minority children are more likely not to participate in sports and more likely to display low levels of outdoor play compared with high SEP children and native Dutch children, respectively. In order to design effective interventions, further research, including qualitative studies, is needed to explore more in detail the pathways relating family SEP and ethnic background to children's sports participation and outdoor play.

  9. Analysis of combat sports players’ injuries according to playing style for sports physiotherapy research

    OpenAIRE

    Noh, Ji-Woong; Park, Byoung-Sun; Kim, Mee-Young; Lee, Lim-Kyu; Yang, Seung-Min; Lee, Won-Deok; Shin, Yong-Sub; Kim, Ju-Hyun; Lee, Jeong-Uk; Kwak, Taek-Yong; Lee, Tae-Hyun; Kim, Ju-Young; Park, Jaehong; Kim, Junghwan

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] This study describes the characteristics of injuries in strike and non-strike combat sports, and the results are intended for use in the area of sports physiotherapy research. [Subjects and Methods] The study was conducted on 159 athletes involved in a variety of combat sports. The participants included elite college players of the following sports: judo (47), ssireum (19), wrestling (13), kendo (30), boxing (16), and taekwondo (34). Of the participants, 133 were male and 26 were fe...

  10. Play, game, sport – and democratic self-determination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eichberg, Henning

    2015-01-01

    Sport as a sort of game receives its almost religious, sacral undertones from its kinship with play. This is what we learn from educational idealism as well as from Olympic ideology. At a closer glimpse, the phenomena of play, game, and sport are, however, much more differentiated – and to some...... to listen to the deeper knowledge of languages. Maybe, etymology and the anonymous folk speaking through language can tell us something important. Something which is more substantial than the sacral and normative constructions of sport idealism. The differentiation between play, game, and sport has...... not at least dimensions of democracy. Who plays, and what is “our” play? Who arranges the game? Who is in control of sport?...

  11. Learning to Play and Playing to Learn: Organized Sports and Educational Outcome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosewater, Ann

    2009-01-01

    High-quality organized sports are a gateway to academic achievement, better grades, improved chances of attending college, and success in the labor market--and these benefits are especially important for low-income youth. The author's report analyzes several distinct strands of research on the effects on youth of participation in organized sports.…

  12. Essay Review: College Sports since World War II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thelin, John

    2011-01-01

    Scholarly writing on college sports gets better as the problems of college sports get worse. This does not mean that the authors are causing the problems. Rather, the excesses and ills of college sports, past and present, provide such fertile data that historians of higher education enjoy a perverse embarrassment of research riches. This maxim is…

  13. Sports Fair Play and Critical Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许晓峰

    2014-01-01

    Here, this paper suggests that CIFP tamp the ideal of fair play, re-establish the fair play value system, and conduct effective reform of organization and cause correspondingly instead of becoming agent of European centralism and American hegemonism.

  14. Energy expenditure in chronic stroke patients playing Wii Sports: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stam Henk J

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability in modern western countries. Stroke survivors often have functional limitations which might lead to a vicious circle of reduced physical activity, deconditioning and further physical deterioration. Current evidence suggests that routine moderate- or vigorous-intensity physical activity is essential for maintenance and improvement of health among stroke survivors. Nevertheless, long-term participation in physical activities is low among people with disabilities. Active video games, such as Nintendo Wii Sports, might maintain interest and improve long-term participation in physical activities; however, the intensity of physical activity among chronic stroke patients while playing Wii Sports is unknown. We investigated the energy expenditure of chronic stroke patients while playing Wii Sports tennis and boxing. Methods Ten chronic (≥ 6 months stroke patients comprising a convenience sample, who were able to walk independently on level ground, were recruited from a rehabilitation centre. They were instructed to play Wii Sports tennis and boxing in random order for 15 minutes each, with a 10-minute break between games. A portable gas analyzer was used to measure oxygen uptake (VO2 during sitting and during Wii Sports game play. Energy expenditure was expressed in metabolic equivalents (METs, calculated as VO2 during Wii Sports divided by VO2 during sitting. We classified physical activity as moderate (3-6 METs or vigorous (> 6 METs according to the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association Guidelines. Results Among the 10 chronic stroke patients, 3 were unable to play tennis because they had problems with timing of hitting the ball, and 2 were excluded from the boxing group because of a technical problem with the portable gas analyzer. The mean (± SD energy expenditure during Wii Sports game play was 3.7 (± 0.6 METs for tennis and 4.1 (

  15. Haemophilia Joint Health Score in healthy adults playing sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sluiter, D; Foppen, W; de Kleijn, P; Fischer, K

    2014-03-01

    To evaluate outcome of prophylactic clotting factor replacement in children with haemophilia, the Haemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS) was developed aiming at scoring early joint changes in children aged 4-18. The HJHS has been used for adults on long-term prophylaxis but interpretation of small changes remains difficult. Some changes in these patients may be due to sports-related injuries. Evaluation of HJHS score in healthy adults playing sports could improve the interpretation of this score in haemophilic patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the HJHS scores in a cohort of young, healthy men participating in sports. Concomitant with a project collecting MRI images of ankles and knees in normal young adults, HJHS scores were assessed in 30 healthy men aged 18-26, participating in sports one to three times per week. One physiotherapist assessed their clinical function using the HJHS 2.1. History of joint injuries was documented. MRI images were scored by a single radiologist, using the International Prophylaxis Study Group additive MRI score. Median age of the study group was 24.3 years (range 19.0-26.4) and median frequency of sports activities was three times per week (range 1-4). Six joints (five knees, one ankle) had a history of sports-related injury. The median overall HJHS score was 0 out of 124 (range 0-3), with 60% of subjects showing no abnormalities on HJHS. All joints were normal on MRI. These results suggest that frequent sports participation and related injuries are not related with abnormalities in HJHS scores.

  16. Student drinking at U.S. college sports events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Toben F; Lenk, Kathleen M; Xuan, Ziming; Wechsler, Henry

    2010-10-01

    Alcohol consumption control policies at U.S. intercollegiate sports events, and their association with student drinking, were assessed using data from a 2001 nationally representative survey of students and administrators (n = 7,261 students, N = 117 colleges). Alcohol was available to sports event attendees through in-stadium sales, tailgating parties, and allowing spectators to bring in alcohol. Policies varied by college, with fewer restrictions at large public schools with NCAA Division I athletics. Permitting alcohol at tailgate parties was associated with more students drinking at sports events. Future research should evaluate whether enacting policy restrictions can reduce drinking and related problems at intercollegiate sports events.

  17. Male Patient Visits to the Emergency Department Decline During the Play of Major Sporting Events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerrard, David A

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To study whether emergency department (ED visits by male patients wane simultaneously with the play of scheduled professional and college sports events.METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis looked at ED male patient registration rates during a time block lasting from two hours before, during, and two hours after the play of professional football games (Monday night, Sundays, post-season play, major league baseball, and a Division I college football and basketball team, respectively. These registration rates were compared to rates at similar times on similar days of the week during the year devoid of a major sporting contest. Games were assumed to have a play time of three hours. Data was collected from April 2000 through March 2003 at an urban academic ED seeing 33,000 male patients above the age of 18 years annually.RESULTS: A total of 782 games were identified and used for purposes of the study. Professional football game dates had a mean of 17.9 males (95% confidence interval [CI] 17.4-18.4 registering vs. 26.8 males (95% CI 25.9-27.6 on non-game days. A registration rate for major league baseball was 18.4 patients (95% CI 17.6-18.4. The mean for registration on comparable non-game days was 23.9 patients (95% CI 22.8-24.3. For the regional Division I college football team, the mean number of patients registering on game days and non-game days was 21.7 (95% CI 20.9-22.4 and 23.4 (95% CI 22.9-23.7, respectively. Division I college basketball play for game and non-game days had mean rates of registration of 14.5 (95% CI 13.9-15.1 and 15.5 (95% CI 15.1-15.9 patients, respectively. For all sports dates collectively, a comparison of two means yielded a mean of 18.2 patients (95% CI 17.4-18.8 registering during the study hours on game days vs. 23.3 patients (95% CI 22.0-23.7 on non-game days. The mean difference was 5.1 patients (95% CI 3.7 to 7.0 with p < .000074.CONCLUSION: Male patient visits to the ED decline during major sporting

  18. Current Situations and Problems of Sport Management Education in Japanese Colleges

    OpenAIRE

    松岡, 宏高

    2008-01-01

    Following the increase of interests in participating and spectating sports and the enlargementof the sport industry, education programs with respect to sport have been expandingamong Japanese universities and colleges. Especially, undergraduate programs regardingsport management and sport business have been rapidly growing in the last few years. In2007, there were 43 universities and colleges containing sport management or sport businessprograms. Not only colleges of physical education and sp...

  19. Choosing Sport Management as a College Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwab, Keri A.; Dustin, Daniel; Legg, Eric; Timmerman, Danielle; Wells, Mary Sara; Arthur-Banning, Skye G.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to better understand sport management students within departments of parks, recreation, and tourism, and to address the often uneasy fit faculty experience when trying to educate sport and recreation students in the same classes. Researchers sent a 16-item online questionnaire to 1,337 undergraduate sport management…

  20. Choosing Sport Management as a College Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwab, Keri A.; Dustin, Daniel; Legg, Eric; Timmerman, Danielle; Wells, Mary Sara; Arthur-Banning, Skye G.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to better understand sport management students within departments of parks, recreation, and tourism, and to address the often uneasy fit faculty experience when trying to educate sport and recreation students in the same classes. Researchers sent a 16-item online questionnaire to 1,337 undergraduate sport management…

  1. History of the Royal College of Chiropractic Sports Sciences (Canada): the early years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Finney, John; Lawson, Gordon; Gryfe, David; Gillis-Lawson, Susan; Crawford, John P

    2016-12-01

    In 1978 the Canadian Chiropractic Association recognized the need to establish an organization that would prepare chiropractors to treat athletic injuries and promote these services to sports organizations. Dr. Adrian Grice approached three chiropractors to establish such an organization. The Canadian Chiropractic Sports Academy (CCSA) was established in 1978. This was the start of the chiropractic sports movement which has seen chiropractors playing prominent roles as team doctors to professional and amateur teams and athletes and in the delivery of care at major national and international competitions. This paper will show the work done by the original founders of the CCSA which has helped to pave the way to the present level of acceptance of chiropractic sports injury management and performance enhancement and as the progenitor of the Royal College of Chiropractic Sports Sciences Canada.

  2. History of the Royal College of Chiropractic Sports Sciences (Canada): the early years

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Finney, John; Lawson, Gordon; Gryfe, David; Gillis-Lawson, Susan; Crawford, John P.

    2016-01-01

    In 1978 the Canadian Chiropractic Association recognized the need to establish an organization that would prepare chiropractors to treat athletic injuries and promote these services to sports organizations. Dr. Adrian Grice approached three chiropractors to establish such an organization. The Canadian Chiropractic Sports Academy (CCSA) was established in 1978. This was the start of the chiropractic sports movement which has seen chiropractors playing prominent roles as team doctors to professional and amateur teams and athletes and in the delivery of care at major national and international competitions. This paper will show the work done by the original founders of the CCSA which has helped to pave the way to the present level of acceptance of chiropractic sports injury management and performance enhancement and as the progenitor of the Royal College of Chiropractic Sports Sciences Canada. PMID:28065996

  3. Don't Shrug Off Shoulder Safety When Playing Summer Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... t Shrug Off Shoulder Safety When Playing Summer Sports Golfing, swimming and volleyball can be especially hard ... 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Millions of Americans enjoy summer sports, but nobody enjoys heading to the emergency room ...

  4. Injury Risk May Rise When Kids Play Just One Sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Human Services. More Health News on: Children's Health Sports Injuries Recent Health News Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Children's Health Sports Injuries About MedlinePlus Site Map FAQs Customer Support Get ...

  5. Direction of technical and tactical skill in athletes playing team sports, playing with light position

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doroshenko Eduard Iur'evich

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available A new method for evaluating the effectiveness of technical and tactical activities in basketball. A distinctive feature of the technique is presented key components of the accounting games, length of stay in the athletes play and the specific features of the game line. Established the specific means of correction of the training process taking into account the magnitude and direction of the load. Identified ways of solving the problem of optimal evaluation of gaming activities, taking into account the length of stay player on the court and its role. Refine management training process in team sports.

  6. Evaluation of health risks of playing sports on synthetic turf pitches with rubber granulate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oomen AG; de Groot GM; CPV; M&V

    2017-01-01

    New research by the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) indicates that the health risk of playing sports on synthetic turf pitches with an infill of rubber granulate is virtually negligible. Therefore, it is considered safe for people to play sports on such pitches.

  7. Colleges Too Small for Prime Time Take Sports Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnevale, Dan

    2007-01-01

    Many small colleges have a dedicated fan base for their sports, yet ESPN will not be coming to campus anytime soon. The solution for some has been Webcasting. Faraway alumni are able to reconnect with their alma maters. Troops in Iraq who have ties to the university have been known to watch. Parents get to watch every time young Billy goes up to…

  8. Who Wants to Play? Sport Motivation Trajectories, Sport Participation, and the Development of Depressive Symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ming-Te; Chow, Angela; Amemiya, Jamie

    2017-03-15

    Although sport involvement has the potential to enhance psychological wellbeing, studies have suggested that motivation to participate in sports activities declines across childhood and adolescence. This study incorporated expectancy-value theory to model children's sport ability self-concept and subjective task values trajectories from first to twelfth grade. Additionally, it examined if sport motivation trajectories predicted individual and team-based sport participation and whether sport participation in turn reduced the development of depressive symptoms. Data were drawn from the Childhood and Beyond Study, a cross-sequential longitudinal study comprised of three cohorts (N = 1065; 49% male; 92% European American; M ages for youngest, middle, and oldest cohorts at the first wave were 6.42, 7.39, and 9.36 years, respectively). Results revealed four trajectories of students' co-development of sport self-concept and task values: congruent stable high, incongruent stable high, middle school decreasing, and decreasing. Trajectory membership predicted individual and team-based sports participation, but only team-based sport participation predicted faster declines in depressive symptoms. The use of a person-centered approach enabled us to identify heterogeneity in trajectories of sport motivation that can aid in the development of nuanced strategies to increase students' motivation to participate in sports.

  9. Aetiology of phenomenon of fair play in sport through psychoanalytic discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Vodeb

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available When discussing fair play, sports experts nowadays mostly talk about how to "be a sport" on a sport field. It means telling and preaching to athletes to obey all the written rules of sport's ethic and those not written as well. Here we want to explore the other meaning of the term "fair play". We want to really learn about it, because fair play certainly is a psychological category. Psychoanalytic logic teaches us that roots of fair play should be sought in the infantile period of child's development. It seems, that the events caused by the Oedipus complex and the building Superego have the most sufficient impact on someone's sports behavior. Theoretically speaking, fair play cannot be considered as something gained from culture - it is mainly a construct, a symptom of returning infantile repressions in the context of father as a sexual concurrent. "Turning to the opposite side" (reaction-formation is an ego-defense mechanism that in the etiology of fair play ought to be pointed out in particularly. As we are talking about men in sports, let us tell, it is the boy's relation towards his father at the time when he's arrogating the boy's mother to himself, the most crucial for feeling and performing fair play. Fantasies and repressions, which happened in the psychical reality of a child, have the main impact on fair play in sports as well as in other situations.

  10. Sports Game Play: A Comparison of Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activities in Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patience, Marcia A.; Kilpatrick, Marcus W.; Sun, Haichun; Flory, Sara B.; Watterson, Thomas A.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Research suggests participation in sports is an important contributor to overall adolescent physical activity (PA). Sports play has become increasingly important in physical education (PE) classes as a means for promoting healthful and enjoyable PA. Research is needed that investigates physiological and perceptual responses to sport…

  11. Sport pedagogy: making the play possible in kids judo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinaldo Naia Cavazani

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to deal with the pedagogical procedures for teaching, experiencing and learning kids Judo, observing the technical-tactical, socio-educational and cultural-historical referential. It is a bibliographic review study of critical-reflective and purposeful character applied to judo, according to the concept of creating the possible game. The possible game is group of pedagogical procedures focused on managing and ensuring the goals of teaching process, experiencing and learning of Judo, in the plans of the content, methodology and didactics, through the observation of the relationship between the characters, the context, the purposes and the meanings of sport, in order to ensure a wide perspective of the sports phenomenon.

  12. The Emancipation Years: Sport in the Female Colleges at the University of Sydney 1892-1958

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Jessica; Georgakis, Steve

    2015-01-01

    This paper traces the development of sport in the two female residential colleges (Women's and Sancta Sophia) at the University of Sydney. While the University of Sydney male residential colleges established an intercollegiate sporting competition in 1907 (Rawson Cup), it was not until 1958 that the female residential colleges established an…

  13. Laughter in popular games and in sport. The other health of human play.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichberg, Henning

    2013-01-01

    Hurling in Cornwall, la soule in Britanny, Shrovetide football in England: Popular games have normally been treated as forerunners of modern sport, sport having regulated the space and the time of the game, the (non-) violence of behaviour, the control of results, the planning, strategy, tactics, techniques and evaluation of the competitive action. This is told as a story of social improvement and progress--and about turning unhealthy wildness into civilized 'healthy' sport activity. What sociological analysis of game-playing tended to ignore was the laughter of the participants. With the seriousness of modern sport, as it was established in the nineteenth century, a culture of laughter disappeared. This study tries to counter this mainstream by a phenomenology of laughter in popular games. A contrasting attention is turned towards the seriousness of sporting competition, the smile in modern sport and fitness, and the 'underground' dimension of laughter in modern sports. By comparative analysis, laughter reveals as a bodily discourse about the imperfect human being. It tells an oppositional story about the perfectionism in the order of Western thinking--in sports as well as in health. The bodily 'physiology' of laughter, the exploding psychical energy, and the inter-bodily social relations in laughter and play and game point towards the multi-dimensionality of health, as it was formulated by WHO: as "physical, mental, and social well-being".

  14. Evaluation of Iranian college athletes' sport nutrition knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jessri, Mahsa; Jessri, Maryam; RashidKhani, Bahram; Zinn, Caryn

    2010-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the nutrition knowledge and the factors determining this knowledge in Iranian college basketball and football athletes. By highlighting gaps in nutrition knowledge of these athletes, sport nutrition professionals may begin to address these gaps by educating athletes with a view toward minimizing injury and enhancing sport performance. Sixty-six basketball and 141 football players (response rate 78.4%) from 4 medical and 8 nonmedical universities in Tehran agreed to participate in this cross-sectional study. A 2-part questionnaire was used; the first part comprised questions identifying demographic information, and the second part comprised a previously well-validated questionnaire on sport nutrition knowledge. The overall knowledge score was 33.2% (+/- 12.3%). Men scored 28.2% (+/- 12.7%), and women, 38.7% (+/- 14.2%). In both genders, the highest score was obtained for the nutrients subcategory, and the supplements subcategory was the most poorly answered. When compared with their peers, a significantly higher score was obtained by women (p nutrition information from reputable sources (p = .03). The coach was cited by 89.4% of athletes as their main source of nutrition information. This study showed that the sport nutrition knowledge of these athletes is inadequate. Considering that this substandard level of knowledge may contribute to poor dietary behaviors, these athletes would benefit from nutrition-related training and education.

  15. College Sports Team Building Mode Research%普通高校运动队建设模式探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜君鹏

    2013-01-01

    本文以湖北经济学院运动队为研究对象,结合普通高校运动队组织特点和建设目标,分别从夯实公共体育教学基础、发挥学生社团纽带作用、开设体育高级班三方面探讨了普通高校运动队建设模式构建要点,并指出三者的有机结合必将在普通高校运动队建设中起到事半功倍的作用。%Based on the sports teams of Hubei University of Economics study, Combined with the currently common organizational characteristics of college sports teams, Respectively from tamping the foundation of public physical education, Take full advantage of the student sports associations Offering Sports senior class of ordinary college sports teams constructed building of the new model points, And pointed out that the combination of the three will certainly play a multiplier role in the construction of college sports teams.

  16. "Doping, Fair Play, and the Dilemmas of Government Sponsored Sport Institutions"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Ask Vest

    2005-01-01

    The article inquires into the moral dilemmas public sport institutions are facing when they on the one hand officially argue that the important thing in sport is fair play and sportsmanship while their raison d'etre on the other hand is to help the athletes to achieve the best possible results...... on the international arenas. The problems of the governement sponsored elite sport institution Team Danmark', is not only seen in their moral panic following doping cases that hardly can be surprising, but also in the institutions ambiguous handling of and advisory to athletes about the use of grey area products...

  17. Effects of Fair Play Instruction on Student Social Skills during a Middle School Sport Education Unit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidoni, Carla; Ward, Philip

    2009-01-01

    Background: Research on social skills in physical education has shown that students' fair play behaviors remain underdeveloped unless teachers include social skills instruction into the curriculum. Fair play behaviors are learned behaviors that are specific to the context of physical education and sport, and may generalize to other settings. One…

  18. Developing Competencies by Playing Digital Sports-Games

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kretschmann, Rolf

    2010-01-01

    The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly…

  19. Comparison of Home Advantage in College and Professional Team Sports in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollard, Richard; Gómez, Miguel A

    2015-09-01

    Home advantage in seven American college team sports (baseball, basketball, football, hockey, lacrosse, soccer and women's basketball) was compared with professional leagues in the United States for the same sports and for the same time period. A total of 81,063 college games and 22,477 professional games were analyzed for the four seasons 2006-07 to 2009-10. There was a significant home advantage, as measured by home winning percentage, in all sports, both college and professional. The overall home advantage in college sports was significantly greater than in professional sports (pbaseball, basketball, and hockey (all prules of college soccer allow more substitution and hence greater coach intervention than in professional soccer, a factor that could also be reducing home advantage.

  20. An Empirical Study Based on the SPSS Variance Analysis of College Teachers' Sports Participation and Satisfaction

    OpenAIRE

    Yunqiu Liang

    2013-01-01

    The study on University Teachers ' sports participation and their job satisfaction relationship for empirical research, mainly from the group to participate in sports activities situation on the object of study, investigation and mathematical statistics analysis SPSS. Results show that sports groups participate in job satisfaction higher than those in groups of job satisfaction; sports participation, different job satisfaction is also different. Recommendations for college teachers to address...

  1. Playing with heart and soul…and genomes: sports implications and applications of personal genomics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer K. Wagner

    2013-08-01

    of variants of unknown significance in any one of the genes associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM, long QT syndrome (LQTS, Marfan’s syndrome, and other conditions is not inconsequential, and how this information is reported, interpreted, and used may ultimately prevent the individual from participation in competitive sports. Due to the distribution of genetic diversity that reflects our evolutionary and demographic history (including the discernible effects of restricted gene flow and genetic drift associated with cultural constructs of race and in recognition of previous policies for “leveling” the playing field in competitive sports based on “natural” athletic abilities, preliminary recommendations are provided to discourage genetic segregation of sports and to develop best practice guidelines for genomic sports medicine programs that will facilitate player success, promote player safety, and avoid genetic discrimination within and beyond the program.

  2. Playing with heart and soul…and genomes: sports implications and applications of personal genomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Jennifer K

    2013-01-01

    unknown significance in any one of the genes associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), long QT syndrome (LQTS), Marfan's syndrome, and other conditions is not inconsequential, and how this information is reported, interpreted, and used may ultimately prevent the individual from participation in competitive sports. Due to the distribution of genetic diversity that reflects our evolutionary and demographic history (including the discernible effects of restricted gene flow and genetic drift associated with cultural constructs of race) and in recognition of previous policies for "leveling" the playing field in competitive sports based on "natural" athletic abilities, preliminary recommendations are provided to discourage genetic segregation of sports and to develop best practice guidelines for genomic sports medicine programs that will facilitate player success, promote player safety, and avoid genetic discrimination within and beyond the program.

  3. Playing among the Stars: "Science in Sport, or the Pleasures of Astronomy" (1804)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keene, Melanie

    2011-01-01

    In 1804, John Wallis published a game that converted learning about astronomy into a race to the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. This essay uses "Science in Sport" to explore the cultures of Georgian recreative science, analysing how the rules and conventions of playing a game affected the gaining of natural knowledge. New familial audiences and…

  4. Play to Win When It Comes to Kids and Sports Pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Site Map FAQs Contact Us Health Topics Drugs & Supplements Videos & Tools Español You Are Here: Home → Latest Health News → Article URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_160901.html Play to Win When It Comes to Kids and Sports Pain Take injuries seriously, and if no improvement ...

  5. Association between participation in outdoor play and sport at 10 years old with physical activity in adulthood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Lee; Gardner, Benjamin; Aggio, Daniel; Hamer, Mark

    2015-05-01

    This study aimed to investigate whether active outdoor play and/or sports at age 10 is associated with sport/physical activity at 32 year follow-up using a birth cohort study. Data were from the 1970 British Cohort Study, a longitudinal observational study. The present paper included data from the age 10 years and age 42 years surveys. At age 10 the participant's mother provided information regarding how often their child played sports, and played outside on streets, parks or playgrounds. At age 42 participants reported frequency of participation in physical activities and sports. Associations between participation in sport/active outdoor play at age 10 years and adult sport/physical activity were investigated using adjusted (gender, fathers socio-occupational class, child's BMI, father's BMI, self-rated health at age 42, assessment of own weight at age 42, participant's education) Cox regression. Final adjusted Cox regression models showed that participants (n=6458) who often participated in sports at age 10 were significantly more likely to participate in sport/physical activity at age 42 (RR 1.10; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.19). Active outdoor play at age 10 was not associated with participation in sport/physical activity at age 42 (RR 0.99; 95% CI 0.91 to 1.07). Childhood activity interventions might best achieve lasting change by promoting engagement in sport rather than active outdoor play. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  6. Alcohol industry sponsorship and hazardous drinking in UK university students who play sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Kerry S; Ferris, Jason; Greenlees, Ian; Jowett, Sophia; Rhind, Daniel; Cook, Penny A; Kypri, Kypros

    2014-10-01

    To examine whether receipt of alcohol industry sponsorship is associated with problematic drinking in UK university students who play sport. University students (n = 2450) participating in sports were invited to complete a pen-and-paper questionnaire by research staff approaching them at sporting facilities and in university settings. Respondents were asked whether they, personally, their team and/or their club were currently in receipt of sponsorship (e.g. money, free or subsidized travel or sporting products) from an alcohol-related industry (e.g. bars, liquor stores, wholesalers), and whether they had solicited the sponsorship. Drinking was assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Questionnaires were completed by 2048 of those approached (response rate = 83%). Alcohol industry sponsorship was reported by 36% of the sample. After accounting for confounders (age, gender, disposable income and location) in multivariable models, receipt of alcohol sponsorship by a team (adjusted βadj  = 0.41, P = 0.013), club (βadj  = 0.73, P = 0.017), team and club (βadj  = 0.79, P = 0.002) and combinations of individual and team or club sponsorships (βadj  = 1.27, P 8). Respondents who sought out sponsorship were not at greater risk than respondents, or whose teams or clubs, had been approached by the alcohol industry. University students in the United Kingdom who play sport and who personally receive alcohol industry sponsorship or whose club or team receives alcohol industry sponsorship appear to have more problematic drinking behaviour than UK university students who play sport and receive no alcohol industry sponsorship. Policy to reduce or cease such sponsorship should be considered. © 2014 Society for the Study of Addiction.

  7. Philosophical reflections on the mission of the European College of Sport Science: Challenges and opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loland, S; McNamee, Mike

    2017-02-01

    The European College of Sport Science (ECSS) was established in part to promote the integrated study of sports and related phenomena from multi- and interdisciplinary perspectives. There are significant and enduring philosophical, epistemological and professional challenges and opportunities that arise from this integrationist perspective. In this article, we reflect upon the challenges that have arisen in the development of sport sciences in the attempt to realize the ECSS mission. We identify three paradigmatic approaches to sports science: (1) the mechanistic; (2) the hermeneutic and (3) the critical. We critically evaluate these paradigms and their potential within the broad framework of integrationist ambitions for sports science as a scientific field.

  8. College sports associations and the construction of campus sports culture%高校体育社团与校园体育文化建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方成军; 刘南平

    2015-01-01

    the university sports club is an important carrier of university sports culture communication, is the extension and supplement of sports teaching work in colleges and universities, is rich and show students after school a bright window of spiritual and cultural life, to promote college students' health of body and mind, edify sentiment, personal talent show plays an important role. It in promoting and building a harmonious university campus culture construction, embodies the respect students' subjectivity, the characteristics of the students subjective initiative, highlighted the "student-centered" everything for the healthy growth of the students is the need of college campus culture construction idea, better, faster to promote the construction and development of college campus sports culture.%高校体育社团是高校体育文化传播的一个重要载体,是高校体育教学工作的延伸与补充,是丰富与展示大学生课余精神文化生活的一道亮丽窗口,对促进大学生身心健康、陶冶情操、个人才华展示发挥着重要作用。它在推动与构建和谐的高校校园文化建设中,充分体现了尊重学生主体性,发挥学生主观能动性的特点,突出了“以学生为中心”一切都以学生的健康成长为需要的高校校园文化建设理念,更好、更快的推动高校校园体育文化的建设与发展。

  9. Development of a national sport event risk management training program for college command groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Stacey A

    2013-01-01

    The US Department of Homeland Security identified college sport venues as terrorist targets due to the potential for mass casualties and catastrophic social and economic impact. Therefore, it is critical for college sport safety and security personnel to implement effective risk management practices. However, deficiencies have been identified in the level of preparedness of college sport event security personnel related to risk management training and effective emergency response capabilities. To address the industry need, the National Center for Spectator Sports Safety and Security designed, developed, and evaluated a national sport event risk management training program for National Collegiate Athletic Association command groups. The purpose of this article was to provide an overview of the design, development, and evaluation process.

  10. START TO PLAY TENNIS LIKE INCETIVE TO DEVELOPMENT SPORTS IN MONTENEGRO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitrije Rašović

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available At the end of 19 centuries tenis like popular game has srarted to play in Vojvodina. At 1880 tennis grassy courts was built in Senta and from that year it started to play in Vojvodina. Austrohungarion officers propageted tennis who were built tennis courts in their barracks but they was built courts in city parks. At 1892 the first tennis competition organised which mean that the first clubs probably had establishment befor thet year. Later at 1894 tennis started to play at palace of greand duke Nikola in Cetinje. Later tennis started to play in srbia at 1900. At that year people organised the first tennis tournament in vrsac. Momcilo Tapavica the first sout slovenion who was montegrion descent who was participat at first modern olimpic’s games in atina at 1896 he gave great countrabucsion developeted tennis sport in Montenegro. Momcilo Tapavica come to palase of graund duke’s Nikola at 1902 and ofter thet date his all family moved to Herceg-Novi and they spent all time to secound world war. At first olimpic’s games Momcilo Tapavica took parr in these sports/tennis, life weights, wrestling. Certain thet like talented sportman he gave great contabution not only in tennis than he gave contribution in the other sports in Montenegro.

  11. A study on trait anger – anger expression and friendship commitment levels of primary school 2nd stage students who play – do not play sports

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hüseyin Kırımoğlu; Yunus Yıldırım; Ali Temiz

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this research was to investigate the state of trait anger-anger expression and friendship commitment levels depending on the fact whether 2nd-stage-students in primary schools played sports...

  12. Does Playing Sports Video Games Predict Increased Involvement in Real-Life Sports Over Several Years Among Older Adolescents and Emerging Adults?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, Paul J C; Willoughby, Teena

    2016-02-01

    Given the extreme popularity of video games among older adolescents and emerging adults, the investigation of positive outcomes of video game play during these developmental periods is crucial. An important direction for research in this area is the investigation of a link between sports video game play and involvement in real-life sports among youth. Yet, this association has not been examined in the long-term among older adolescents and emerging adults, and thus represents an exciting new area for discovery. The primary goal of the current study, therefore, was to examine the long-term association between sports video game play and involvement in real-life sports clubs among older adolescents and emerging adults. In addition, we examined whether self-esteem was an underlying mechanism of this longitudinal association. We surveyed older adolescents and emerging adults (N = 1132; 70.6 % female; M age = 19.06 years, range of 17-25 years at the first assessment) annually over 3 years about their video game play, self-esteem, and involvement in real-life sports. We found a long-term predictive effect of sports video game play on increased involvement in real-life sports over the 3 years. Furthermore, we demonstrated that self-esteem was an underlying mechanism of this long-term association. Our findings make an important contribution to an emerging body of literature on the positive outcomes of video game play, as they suggest that sports video game play may be an effective tool to promote real-life sports participation and physical activity among older adolescents and emerging adults.

  13. American College of Sports Medicine roundtable on exercise guidelines for cancer survivors

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Schmitz, Kathryn H; Courneya, Kerry S; Matthews, Charles; Demark-Wahnefried, Wendy; Galvão, Daniel A; Pinto, Bernardine M; Irwin, Melinda L; Wolin, Kathleen Y; Segal, Roanne J; Lucia, Alejandro; Schneider, Carole M; von Gruenigen, Vivian E; Schwartz, Anna L

    2010-01-01

    .... To this end, a roundtable was convened by American College of Sports Medicine to distill the literature on the safety and efficacy of exercise training during and after adjuvant cancer therapy and to provide guidelines...

  14. Dietary Intakes and Eating Habits of College Athletes: Are Female College Athletes Following the Current Sports Nutrition Standards?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shriver, Lenka H.; Betts, Nancy M.; Wollenberg, Gena

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The objective of this study was to assess dietary intakes and eating habits of female college athletes and compared them with the minimum sports nutrition standards. Participants: Data were obtained from 52 female college athletes from a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I university between January 2009 and May…

  15. Dietary Intakes and Eating Habits of College Athletes: Are Female College Athletes Following the Current Sports Nutrition Standards?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shriver, Lenka H.; Betts, Nancy M.; Wollenberg, Gena

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The objective of this study was to assess dietary intakes and eating habits of female college athletes and compared them with the minimum sports nutrition standards. Participants: Data were obtained from 52 female college athletes from a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I university between January 2009 and May…

  16. French College Students’ Sports Practice and Its Relations with Stress, Coping Strategies and Academic Success

    OpenAIRE

    Greg eDécamps; Emilie eBoujut; Camille eBrisset

    2012-01-01

    College students at university have to face several stress factors. Although sports practice has been considered as having beneficial effects upon stress and general health, few studies have documented its influence on this specific population. The aim of this comparative study was to determine whether the intensity of the college students’ sports practice (categorized into three groups: rare, regular, or intensive) would influence their levels of stress and self-efficacy, their coping strate...

  17. [Sport medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Yoram

    2012-02-01

    It is only since the late 20th century that Sport and Exercise Medicine has emerged as a distinct entity in health care. In Israel, sports medicine is regulated by a State Law and a sport physician is certified after graduating a structured program. In the past, sports medicine was related to the diagnosis and treatment of injuries encountered by top athletes. In recent years, the scope of sport medicine has broadened to reflect the awareness of modern society of the dangers of physical inactivity. In this perspective the American College of Sport Medicine (ACSM) recently launched a program--"Exercise is Medicine", to promote physical activity in order to improve health and well-being and prevention of diseases through physical activity prescriptions. This program is from doctors and healthcare providers, adjusted to the patient or trainee. The sport physician does not replace a medical specialist, but having a thorough understanding about the etiology of a sport-related injury enables him to better focus on treatment and prevention. Therefore, Team Physicians in Elite Sport often play a role regarding not only the medical care of athletes, but also in the physiological monitoring of the athlete and correcting aberrations, to achieve peak physical performance. The broad spectrum of issues in sport and exercise medicine cannot be completely covered in one issue of the Journal. Therefore, the few reports that are presented to enhance interest and understanding in the broad spectrum of issues in sports and exercise medicine are only the tip of the iceberg.

  18. Examining the Relationship between Superstitious Behavior in Sport and Trait Anxiety Levels among College Students Engaged in Active Sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utku Işık

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between superstitious behavior in sport and trait anxiety levels among college students engaged in active sports. 166 Pamukkale University and Ege University of School of Physical Education and Sports students who are selected simple random sampling method voluntarily participated (61 females and 105 males for the study. In the study for gathering data “Superstitious Ritual Questionnaire” and “Trait Anxiety Inventory” were used together. To examine the relationship between superstitious behavior in sport and trait anxiety levels the Pearson product-moment coefficients of correlation was used. The results indicated that the relationship between superstitious behavior in sport and trait anxiety level is positive and statistically significant (r=.208; p=.007. To explain whether there are significant differences between participants’ superstitious behavior in sport according to gender, Independent Sample T-test was used. Result of this analysis revealed no statistically significant difference between male and female students tendency to superstitious behaviors according to gender (t=1.15; p=.251. In conclusion study findings showed that anxiety is a factor that increases university students, engaging in active sport, superstitions behavior.

  19. Evaluation of Emotional Intelligence Levels of Candidate Teachers in Terms of Status of Playing Sports (Mustafa Kemal University Sample

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin KIRIMOĞLU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study focused on evaluation of emotional intelligence levels of final-yearcandidate teachers who studied at the teaching faculty (Education Faculty and the sports school (School of Physical Education and Sports of Mustafa Kemal University in terms of status of playing sports. Intelligence levels of the participants were compared with each other in terms of variables of gender, parental educational status, parental income level, playing sports as a registered player and being individual or team player. Personal Information Form developed by the researchers and Bar- On EQ Inventory which was developed by Bar-On and was adapted for Turkish by Acar (2001 were used. As a result of the research; emotional intelligence levels of the candidate teachers did not differ in terms of playing sports but there was statistically significant differences in terms of the departments where candidate students studied

  20. Rethinking Academic Reform and Encouraging Organizational Innovation: Implications for Stakeholder Management in College Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comeaux, Eddie

    2013-01-01

    There are increasing concerns about the educational experiences of Division I student-athletes in big-time college sports. Calls for reform have come from within colleges and universities and beyond. The literature of innovative management offers ideas that can help mitigate the academic and athletic divide and offer new ideas for athletic…

  1. Does playing a sports active video game improve young children's ball skill competence?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Tara M; Ridgers, Nicola D; Hulteen, Ryan M; Mellecker, Robin R; Barnett, Lisa M

    2016-05-01

    Actual and perceived object control (commonly ball) skill proficiency is associated with higher physical activity in children and adolescents. Active video games (AVGs) encourage whole body movement to control/play the electronic gaming system and therefore provide an opportunity for screen time to become more active. The purpose of this study was to determine whether playing sports AVGs has a positive influence on young children's actual and perceived object control skills. Two group pre/post experimental design study. Thirty-six children aged 6-10 years old from one school were randomly allocated to a control or intervention condition. The Test of Gross Motor Development-3 assessed object control skill. The Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence for Young Children assessed perceived object control skill. The intervention consisted of 6×50min lunchtime AVG sessions on the Xbox Kinect. Two to three sport games were chosen for participants to play each session. General linear models with either perceived object control or actual object control skill as the outcome variables were conducted. Each base model adjusted for intervention status and pre-score of the respective outcome variable. Additional models adjusted for potential confounding variables (sex of child and game at home). No significant differences between the control and intervention groups were observed for both outcomes. This study found that playing the Xbox Kinect does not significantly influence children's perceived or actual object control skills, suggesting that the utility of the Xbox Kinect for developing perceived and actual object control skill competence is questionable. Copyright © 2015 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Concussion Symptoms and Return to Play Time in Youth, High School, and College American Football Athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerr, Zachary Y; Zuckerman, Scott L; Wasserman, Erin B; Covassin, Tracey; Djoko, Aristarque; Dompier, Thomas P

    2016-07-01

    To our knowledge, little research has examined concussion across the youth/adolescent spectrum and even less has examined concussion-related outcomes (ie, symptoms and return to play). To examine and compare sport-related concussion outcomes (symptoms and return to play) in youth, high school, and collegiate football athletes. Athletic trainers attended each practice and game during the 2012 to 2014 seasons and reported injuries. For this descriptive, epidemiological study, data were collected from youth, high school, and collegiate football teams, and the analysis of the data was conducted between July 2015 and September 2015. The Youth Football Surveillance System included more than 3000 youth football athletes aged 5 to 14 years from 118 teams, providing 310 team seasons (ie, 1 team providing 1 season of data). The National Athletic Treatment, Injury, and Outcomes Network Program included 96 secondary school football programs, providing 184 team seasons. The National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program included 34 college football programs, providing 71 team seasons. We calculated the mean number of symptoms, prevalence of each symptom, and the proportion of patients with concussions that had long return-to-play time (ie, required participation restriction of at least 30 days). Generalized linear models were used to assess differences among competition levels in the mean number of reported symptoms. Logistic regression models estimated the odds of return to play at less than 24 hours and at least 30 days. Overall, 1429 sports-related concussions were reported among youth, high school, and college-level football athletes with a mean (SD) of 5.48 (3.06) symptoms. Across all levels, 15.3% resulted return to play at least 30 days after the concussion and 3.1% resulted in return to play less than 24 hours after the concussion. Compared with youth, a higher number of concussion symptoms were reported in high school athletes (β = 1.39; 95

  3. French college students' sports practice and its relations with stress, coping strategies and academic success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Décamps, Greg; Boujut, Emilie; Brisset, Camille

    2012-01-01

    College students at university have to face several stress factors. Although sports practice has been considered as having beneficial effects upon stress and general health, few studies have documented its influence on this specific population. The aim of this comparative study was to determine whether the intensity of the college students' sports practice (categorized into three groups: rare, regular, or intensive) would influence their levels of stress and self-efficacy, their coping strategies, and their academic success/failure. Three self-completion questionnaires were administered to 1071 French freshmen during their compulsory medical visit at the preventive medicine service of the university. Results indicated that students with intensive sport practice reported lower scores of general stress, academic stress, and emotion-focused coping strategies, and higher scores of self-efficacy than those with rare practice. However, the proportion of successful students did not differ significantly between the three groups of sports practice.

  4. French college students’ sports practice and its relations with stress, coping strategies and academic success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Greg eDécamps

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available College students at university have to face several stress factors. Although sports practice has been considered as having beneficial effects upon stress and general health, few studies have documented its influence on this specific population. The aim of this comparative study was to determine whether the intensity of the college students’ sports practice (categorized into three groups: rare, regular or intensive would influence their levels of stress and self-efficacy, their coping strategies and their academic success/failure. Three self-completion questionnaires were administered to 1071 French freshmen during their compulsory medical visit at the preventive medicine service of the university. Results indicated that students with intensive sport practice reported lower scores of general stress, academic stress and emotion-focused coping strategies, and higher scores of self-efficacy than those with rare practice. However, the proportion of successful students did not differ significantly between the three groups of sports practice.

  5. Contemporary Sport and Moral Behavior: Farewell to the Well-Played Game?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fairchild, David L.

    This paper argues that an understanding of sport must be predicated upon an understanding of the culture in which it occurs. Because 20th century American society views competition and success in sport as preparation for competition and success outside of sport, a revision in emphasis within sport itself may lead to a revised emphasis in life…

  6. To "Bring the Race Along Rapidly": Sport, Student Culture, and Educational Mission at Historically Black Colleges during the Interwar Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Patrick B.

    1995-01-01

    Describes the role and impact of college athletics at historically black colleges during the period between the two world wars. Maintains that sports became a source of pride and a vehicle for social change. Concludes, however, that there is substantial reason to be skeptical about the efficacy of sport to overcome racial prejudice. (CFR)

  7. American College of Sports Medicine Joint Position Statement. Nutrition and Athletic Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, D Travis; Erdman, Kelly Anne; Burke, Louise M

    2016-03-01

    It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine that the performance of, and recovery from, sporting activities are enhanced by well-chosen nutrition strategies. These organizations provide guidelines for the appropriate type, amount, and timing of intake of food, fluids, and supplements to promote optimal health and performance across different scenarios of training and competitive sport. This position paper was prepared for members of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada (DC), and American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), other professional associations, government agencies, industry, and the public. It outlines the Academy's, DC's and ACSM's stance on nutrition factors that have been determined to influence athletic performance and emerging trends in the field of sports nutrition. Athletes should be referred to a registered dietitian/nutritionist for a personalized nutrition plan. In the United States and in Canada, the Certified Specialist in Sports Dietetics (CSSD) is a registered dietitian/nutritionist and a credentialed sports nutrition expert.

  8. Teachers’Role in College English Teaching for Students Majored in Arts and Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张霞

    2014-01-01

    With a view to keeping up with the new developments of the reform of college English teaching at present, college English teaching for students majored in arts and sports is also appealing to be improved further. And to deepen the teaching re-form, teachers, who are the mobile one of the most important factors in English teaching, should follow the principles of provid-ing different guidance for students majored in arts and sports and instructing them in accordance with their aptitude to meet the specific needs of individualized teaching. Thus they have to change their roles and can gain the inspiration from the following contents.

  9. English Training for College Student Volunteers at Sports Events

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Wei

    2014-01-01

    This paper studies English training for student volunteers at large scale sports events with a comprehensive investigation of the undergraduate student volunteers from Capital University of Physical Education who have taken part in large scale sports events. By examining the current volunteer training situation, the author finds that there is a sever lack of professional and system-atical English training for student volunteers at large scale sports events. The study shows focusing on sports events knowledge and requirements of the volunteers’specific job is crucial to the service level of the volunteers. The study concludes that the problem can be solved by developing new course books, innovating new flexible training methods, and offering more comprehensive training content. The recommended training methods include intensive group training, computer aided teaching, task training and on-the-spot training to make them fit their work soon.

  10. A study on trait anger – anger expression and friendship commitment levels of primary school 2nd stage students who play – do not play sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin Kırımoğlu

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to investigate the state of trait anger-anger expression and friendship commitment levels depending on the fact whether 2nd-stage-students in primary schools played sports or not.Personal Information Form, Trait Anger-Anger Expression Scales and Inventory of Peer Attachment were used in order to collect the data.The population of the research was consisted of the students who studied in 2nd stage of 40 primary state schools that belonged to National Education Directorate of Hatay Province between 2009-2010 academic year. Sample group was made up by 853 students of 21 primary schools who were selected from the population (262 boy students and 149 girl students who played sports as registered players; 233 boy students and 209 girl students who did not play sports..To sum up; the comparison of the scores of trait anger and external anger of the participant students who played sports yielded a statistically significant difference in terms of sex variable (p< 0.05. As for the sedentary group, boys had higher scores of internal anger and external anger than girls. In the comparison of the scores of friendship commitment in sedentary students in terms of sex variable, it was found out that there was a statistically significant difference between girls and boys, which was in favour of boys (p<0.05.

  11. 论大学生体育生活方式与普通高校体育教育教学改革研究%Sports life style of college students and the ordinary university sports educational reform research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周燕

    2013-01-01

      随着社会的发展,体育在人们日常生活中所起的作用越来越重要,它是促进人们身体健康的重要手段。为开展健康的体育生活方式,我国应抓紧体育工作,加强体育教育教学改革研究。为此,本文分析了大学生体育生活的环境和大学生体育生活方式的现状,并对大学生体育生活方式形成的教育教学改革对策进行了讨论。%With the development of society, sports plays more and more important in people's daily life, it is an important means to promote the health .For the development of sports and health life style, China should pay close attention to the physical work, strengthen the teaching reform of physical education. Therefore, this paper analyzed the present situation of college students sports environment and sports life style, discusses the reform and countermeasures of education and teaching of college students' sports lifestyle.

  12. Prevalence of depressive symptoms among college students and the influence of sport activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uglesić, Boran; Lasić, Davor; Zuljan-Cvitanović, Marija; Buković, Damir; Karelović, Deni; Delić-Brkljacić, Diana; Buković, Nevia; Radan, Mirjana

    2014-03-01

    The present study asses the prevalence of depressive symptoms among college students in Split, Croatia, and positive influence of sport activity on decreasing the depression symptoms. Authors screened all 664 college students of the first year of study. All of them were over the 18 years and the mean age was 19.4 +/- 1.2 years. There were 466 females (70.2%) and 178 (26.8%) males. They answered The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and questionnaire about their sport activity (no sport activity, recreational and active in sports). For the purpose of the analysis depressive symptoms were defined as a score of > 11. Chi-square and Mann-Whitney test were used for data analysis. 9.4% of the students had significant depression symptoms (score > 11). No one student had score > 26 (symptoms of major depression). Statistically significant lower score on BDI have students who are active in sports (score median = 3) compared to group of recreational (score median = 4) and in correlation to group who are not active in sports (score median = 5) (Kruskal-Wallis: p sports (N = 254) there are only 5.5% with depressions symptoms, while in the group of non active in sports (N = 60) are 18 depressive (chi2-test: p = 0,005). Females are statistically more depressed than males (chi2-test: p = 0.01). In the female group 49 (10.5%) are depressed, and in the male group are 9 (5%). Compared to gender in separate analysis we did not find correlation of decreasing depression symptoms and sport activity among males (chi2-test: p = 0.47), while in females we find that sport activity has significant effect (chi2-test: p = 0.026). Our results shoved moderate values of depression symptoms among college population in Split, Croatia. More females than males experienced depressive symptoms. While sport activity did not have significant influence on the depression in male population, it has significant influence in reducing the depression symptoms among females.

  13. Web-Company Officals See Potential in Marketing College Sports Online.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suggs, Welch

    2000-01-01

    Reports that many college and university athletics departments are utilizing one of two companies, Fansonly or Total Sports, for their Web site development and maintenance. The companies propose to deliver advertising profits, merchandising revenues, and donations to the university but so far monetary gains have been slight, as the sites face…

  14. As Cutbacks Hit College Sports, Baseball Falls behind in the Count

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolverton, Brad

    2009-01-01

    For two weeks every June, the College World Series showcases one of the National Collegiate Athletic Association's (NCAA's) most popular sports. More than 300,000 fans flock to picturesque Rosenblatt Stadium, in Omaha, with millions more tuning in on ESPN. Ticket sales, which in recent years topped $9-million, make baseball the NCAA's…

  15. An Empirical Study Based on the SPSS Variance Analysis of College Teachers' Sports Participation and Satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunqiu Liang

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The study on University Teachers ' sports participation and their job satisfaction relationship for empirical research, mainly from the group to participate in sports activities situation on the object of study, investigation and mathematical statistics analysis SPSS. Results show that sports groups participate in job satisfaction higher than those in groups of job satisfaction; sports participation, different job satisfaction is also different. Recommendations for college teachers to address their life and the characteristics of their own conditions choose to suit your participation, improve psychological and physiological health, timely adjust the mood state, to positive psychological state of work, high job satisfaction. Different organizations accord to their occupation characteristics and available resources and actively guide the organization members form a more scientific and reasonable habits and ways of life, fully mobilize the enthusiasm of participating in the fitness activity, to create a more intense fitness culture atmosphere, in order to improve internal cohesion and centripetal force, improve job satisfaction.

  16. College Sports: The Mystery of the Zero-Sum Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getz, Malcolm; Siegfried, John J.

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, when a university may earn well over $10 million per year from fees for sports-broadcast rights, half of the teams still lose. Collegiate athletic competition is a zero sum game: The number of winners equals the number of losers. So why do universities spend growing sums of scarce resources on an activity when the odds of winning…

  17. College Athletes and Drug Testing: Attitudes and Behaviors by Gender and Sport

    OpenAIRE

    Schneider, Dona; Morris, Joyce

    1993-01-01

    We surveyed varsity athletes at a Big East university to assess attitudes toward a mandatory drug education and testing program and examined whether there were differences in drug-related attitudes and behaviors based on gender or varsity sport. We found no statistically significant differences in personal drug use behaviors based on gender or team affiliation. Attitudes about drug use and knowledge of a teammate using drugs did show significant differences based on varsity sport. Tennis play...

  18. College Sports-Related Injuries - United States, 2009-10 Through 2013-14 Academic Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerr, Zachary Y; Marshall, Stephen W; Dompier, Thomas P; Corlette, Jill; Klossner, David A; Gilchrist, Julie

    2015-12-11

    Sports-related injuries can have a substantial impact on the long-term health of student-athletes. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) monitors injuries among college student-athletes at member schools. In academic year 2013-14, a total of 1,113 member schools fielded 19,334 teams with 478,869 participating student-athletes in NCAA championship sports (i.e., sports with NCAA championship competition) (1). External researchers and CDC used information reported to the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program (NCAA-ISP) by a sample of championship sports programs to summarize the estimated national cumulative and annual average numbers of injuries during the 5 academic years from 2009-10 through 2013-14. Analyses were restricted to injuries reported among student-athletes in 25 NCAA championship sports. During this period, 1,053,370 injuries were estimated to have occurred during an estimated 176.7 million athlete-exposures to potential injury (i.e., one athlete's participation in one competition or one practice). Injury incidence varied widely by sport. Among all sports, men's football accounted for the largest average annual estimated number of injuries (47,199) and the highest competition injury rate (39.9 per 1,000 athlete-exposures). Men's wrestling experienced the highest overall injury rate (13.1 per 1,000) and practice injury rate (10.2 per 1,000). Among women's sports, gymnastics had the highest overall injury rate (10.4 per 1,000) and practice injury rate (10.0 per 1,000), although soccer had the highest competition injury rate (17.2 per 1,000). More injuries were estimated to have occurred from practice than from competition for all sports, with the exception of men's ice hockey and baseball. However, injuries incurred during competition were somewhat more severe (e.g., requiring ≥7 days to return to full participation) than those acquired during practice. Multiple strategies are employed by NCAA and others to reduce the number of injuries in

  19. Playing Music to Relieve Stress in a College Classroom Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrer, Eileen; Lew, Polong; Jung, Sarah M.; Janeke, Emilia; Garcia, Michelle; Peng, Cindy; Poon, George; Rathod, Vinisha; Beckwith, Sharon; Tam, Chick F.

    2014-01-01

    Music therapy can be an effective treatment that prevents stress from contributing to the etiology of disease. For this study, the participants, college students enrolled in an annual Alternative Nutrition class at California State University, Los Angeles, were instructed to select a song to present during class. After listening to each song…

  20. Amid Tight Budgets, Two-Year Colleges Play Growing Role

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2004-01-01

    Faced with a multibillion-dollar budget deficit, Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger and state higher education officials are trying to relieve the burden on the state by redirecting several thousand high school seniors from California's public four-year universities to community colleges for their first two years of school. The California effort emerges…

  1. Application of "Ladder Training" in College Sports Team Training%“软梯训练”在高校运动队训练中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈显

    2015-01-01

    This paper adopts the document literature, expert interview method to investigate and study college sports team training. It finds that the college sports teams rarely use "ladder training" method. Ladder training is an innovative and efficient training method and suitable for various sports training. Therefore, promoting the "ladder training" plays a very important role in college sports team training. It has significant meaning to improving the comprehensive development of the athletes’ physical quality.%文章通过文献资料法、专家访谈法对高校运动队训练进行调查研究,发现高校运动队利用“软梯训练”比较少见,软梯训练是一套新颖的、高效的训练方法,适合各项运动的训练,因此,推广“软梯训练”在高校运动队训练中起着十分关键性的作用,对提高运动员身体素质的全面发展具有十分重要的意义。

  2. Beyond the playing field: experiences of sport, social capital and integration among Somalis in Australia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spaaij, R.

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the role of recreational sport as a means and marker of social integration by analysing the lived experiences of Somali people from refugee backgrounds with sport. Drawing on a three-year multi-sided ethnography, the paper examines the extent to and ways in which participation in

  3. Extending the field of play: Revealing the dynamics between sports, health and place.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Gavin J

    2016-11-01

    Although the sub-discipline of sports geography has a long fifty-year history it has been, at best, a sporadic endeavor. Whilst clearly indicating the fundamental geographical qualities of sports, it has never really taking off to the extent that arguably it should have given sport's social profile and importance. In way of a solution this paper presents triple tracks, or ways forward, that might circumvent this academic shortfall and cover some of the missed ground. First, pursuing the health component of sport far more thoroughly and in its very broadest sense, including its public health adoption and specific wellbeing, fitness and aesthetic features. Second, defining sport broadly beyond elite forms to include a wide-range of physical and lifestyle activities that possess elements of personal or interpersonal competition. Third, complementing sports geography by developing 'spatial sports studies' as a more expansive interdisciplinary field of inquiry spanning the health and social sciences. Indeed, these tracks potentially unearth substantial new research capacity by together considering the dynamics between sports, health and place.

  4. Beyond the playing field: experiences of sport, social capital and integration among Somalis in Australia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spaaij, R.

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the role of recreational sport as a means and marker of social integration by analysing the lived experiences of Somali people from refugee backgrounds with sport. Drawing on a three-year multi-sided ethnography, the paper examines the extent to and ways in which participation in

  5. Youth sports in the heat: recovery and scheduling considerations for tournament play.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergeron, Michael F

    2009-01-01

    One of the biggest challenges facing numerous young athletes is attempting to perform safely and effectively in the heat. An even greater performance challenge and risk for incurring exertional heat injury is encountered when a young athlete has to compete multiple times on the same day, with only a short rest period between rounds of play, during a hot-weather tournament. Within the scope of the rules, tournament directors frequently provide athletes with only the minimum allowable time between same-day matches or games. Notably, prior same-day exercise has been shown to increase cardiovascular and thermal strain and perception of effort in subsequent activity bouts, and the extent of earlier exercise-heat exposure can affect performance and competition outcome. Incurred water and other nutrient deficits are often too great to offset during short recovery periods between competition bouts, and the athletes are sometimes 'forced' to compete again not sufficiently replenished. Providing longer rest periods between matches and games can significantly improve athlete safety and performance, by enhancing recovery and minimizing the 'carryover' effects from previous competition-related physical activity and heat exposure that can negatively affect performance and safety. Governing bodies of youth sports need to address this issue and provide more specific, appropriate and evidence-based guidelines for minimum rest periods between same-day contests for all levels of tournament play in the heat. Youth athletes are capable of tolerating the heat and performing reasonably well and safely in a range of hot environments if they prepare well, manage hydration sufficiently, and are provided the opportunity to recover adequately between contests.

  6. The Effect Specialization and Diversification Involvement on Learning of Sports Skills According To Deliberate Practice and Deliberate Play

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Fahimi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim was effect deliberate practice and deliberate play on sports skills with emphasis on specialization and diversification in boys 10-12. Methods: The 120 male students randomly divided into four groups of volleyball, soccer, basketball deliberate practice and deliberate play. Pretest and posttest were AAHPERD volleyball, soccer, and Basketball sports skills. Duration of the project was 16 weeks and 3 sessions per week and 90 minutes each session began. Data obtained from questionnaires and personal details about sports experience and test were adjusted using parametric tests, such as T-dependent test and MANOVA with Tukey post hoc test, and software Statistical SPSS19. Results: The results of the study showed that compared four groups, deliberate plays to other deliberate practices have a better motor skill in volleyball, soccer and Basketball sports skills (P<0.05. Volleyball and soccer deliberate practice group had developed Soccer Dribble Test and Control dribble and Defensive movement basketball skills test. Basketball deliberate practice group had not developed the others soccer and volleyball skills. Conclusion: The results showed that diversification participation in some exercises during the early stages of growth, can facilitate the development of general cognitive and physiological skills and create a rich environment for children.

  7. Effects of Shuttlecock-Playing on Physical Fitness in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Tingran; Luo, Jiong

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the exercise intensity and the physical fitness effect of shuttlecock playing. 18 normal body weight college students voluntarily participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to shuttlecock playing (SCP) and control groups. The SCP underwent a 15-week shuttlecock-playing program, but the…

  8. Leading from the Centre: A Comprehensive Examination of the Relationship between Central Playing Positions and Leadership in Sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haslam, S. Alexander; Mallett, Cliff J.; Steffens, Niklas K.; Peters, Kim; Boen, Filip

    2016-01-01

    Research aims The present article provides a comprehensive examination of the relationship between playing position and leadership in sport. More particularly, it explores links between leadership and a player’s interactional centrality—defined as the degree to which their playing position provides opportunities for interaction with other team members. This article examines this relationship across different leadership roles, team sex, and performance levels. Results Study 1 (N = 4443) shows that athlete leaders (and the task and motivational leader in particular) are more likely than other team members to occupy interactionally central positions in a team. Players with high interactional centrality were also perceived to be better leaders than those with low interactional centrality. Study 2 (N = 308) established this link for leadership in general, while Study 3 (N = 267) and Study 4 (N = 776) revealed that the same was true for task, motivational, and external leadership. This relationship is attenuated in sports where an interactionally central position confers limited interactional advantages. In other words, the observed patterns were strongest in sports that are played on a large field with relatively fixed positions (e.g., soccer), while being weaker in sports that are played on a smaller field where players switch positions dynamically (e.g., basketball, ice hockey). Beyond this, the pattern is broadly consistent across different sports, different sexes, and different levels of skill. Conclusions The observed patterns are consistent with the idea that positions that are interactionally central afford players greater opportunities to do leadership—either through communication or through action. Significantly too, they also provide a basis for them to be seen to do leadership by others on their team. Thus while it is often stated that “leadership is an action, not a position,” it is nevertheless the case that, when it comes to performing that

  9. 高校体育社团的文化载体价值研究%A Study of the Value of Cultural Carrier of College Sports Associations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴阳

    2015-01-01

    本文通过文献资料法,对高校体育社团的特征和功能进行了全面的分析和探究,认为,高校体育社团作为众多高校社团中的一员,不仅具有自己独特的文化载体价值,更能够有效增强大学生的身心健康、陶冶大学生情操、传播体育文化等功能,是促进高校校园文化、文明发展的重要角色之一。%By the method of documentation,this paper makes a comprehensive analysis and exploration of the characteristics and functions of the sports associations in colleges and universities.It is believed that the sports association,as part of the associations in colleges and universities,not only has its own unique value as cultural carrier,but can also effectively improve the physical and mental health of college students,cultivate students'temperament and spread sports culture,thus playing an important role in promoting the development of campus culture and civilization in colleges.

  10. Fantasy sports, real money: exploration of the relationship between fantasy sports participation and gambling-related problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Ryan J; Nelson, Sarah

    2014-10-01

    Participation in fantasy sports increases annually. Wagering on fantasy sports is a form of gambling and researchers have found that fantasy sports participants are more likely to engage in other forms of sports betting than non-fantasy players; however, no published studies have examined whether there is a relationship between fantasy sports participation and gambling-related problems. Our study examined whether fantasy sports participation is associated with gambling-related problems among college students. We assessed fantasy sports participation and endorsement of DSM-5 gambling disorder (GD) criteria among a large convenience sample (N=1556) of college students via an online health survey. We found that 11.5% of respondents participated in fantasy sports in the past year, the majority of which were males. Logistic regression analyses indicated that males who play fantasy sports for money and females who play fantasy sports (for money or not) were more likely to experience gambling-related problems.

  11. Sports Teaching and Lifelong Sports Ideological Education in Colleges and Universities%高校体育教学与终身体育思想教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟方; 武阳

    2012-01-01

    分析了终身体育思想的意义,讨论了高校体育教学对于培养学生终身体育思想、形成终身体育锻炼习惯的重要意义和作用.%Significance of lifelong sports idea is analyzed. And the meaning and functions are discussed for fostering students' lifelong sports idea, forming lifelong habit of physical exercise of sports teaching in colleges and universities.

  12. A Game Change: Paying for Big-Time College Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Karen

    2011-01-01

    College presidents often think of athletics as the "front porch" of their campuses. After all, name recognition goes a long way when attracting students. And a winning football team doesn't hurt either! In order to generate the revenues needed to build both and support a winning football team, athletics departments have historically focused on…

  13. A linguistically level playing field: English-medium sport officiating between linguistic imperialism and cultural appropriation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacob Kornbeck

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article revisits four problem areas of the use of English as a lingua franca by sports officials (including coaches, referees, etc. at international sporting events which were recently identified in an editorial by McNamee in the journal Sport, Ethics and Philosophy. These propositions are revisited by drawing on, inter alia, the theoretical models of ‘linguistic imperialism’ and ‘cultural appropriation’. The argument is made, in particular, that the ability of so-called ‘non-native’ users of English must not be underrated.

  14. Video Game Playing and Academic Performance in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgess, Stephen R.; Stermer, Steven Paul; Burgess, Melinda C. R.

    2012-01-01

    The relations between media consumption, especially TV viewing, and school performance have been extensively examined. However, even though video game playing may have replaced TV viewing as the most frequent form of media usage, relatively little research has examined its relations to school performance, especially in older students. We surveyed…

  15. Sport-Specific Motor Fitness Tests in Water Polo: Reliability, Validity and Playing Position Differences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ognjen Uljevic

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Sport-specific motor fitness tests are not often examined in water polo. In this study we examined the reliability, factorial and discriminative validity of 10 water-polo-specific motor-fitness tests, namely: three tests of in-water jumps (thrusts, two characteristic swimming sprints (10 and 20 metres from the water start, three ball-throws (shoots, one test of passing precision (accuracy, and a test of the dynamometric force produced while using the eggbeater kick. The sample of subjects consisted of 54 young male water polo players (15 to 17 years of age; 1.86 ± 0.07 m, and 83.1 ± 9.9 kg. All tests were applied over three testing trials. Reliability analyses included Cronbach Alpha coefficients (CA, inter-item- correlations (IIR and coefficients of the variation (CV, while an analysis of variance was used to define any systematic bias between the testing trials. All tests except the test of accuracy (precision were found to be reliable (CA ranged from 0.83 to 0.97; IIR from 0.62 to 0.91; CV from 2% to 21%; with small and irregular biases between the testing trials. Factor analysis revealed that jumping capacities as well as throwing and sprinting capacities should be observed as a relatively independent latent dimensions among young water polo players. Discriminative validity of the applied tests is partially proven since the playing positions significantly (p < 0.05 differed in some of the applied tests, with the points being superior in their fitness capacities in comparison to their teammates. This study included players from one of the world’s best junior National leagues, and reported values could be used as fitness standards for such an age. Further studies are needed to examine the applicability of the proposed test procedures to older subjects and females.

  16. A preliminary study of youth sport concussions: Parents' health literacy and knowledge of return-to-play protocol criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Robert W; Lucas, Jeffery W; Margolis, Lewis H; Corwell, Brian N

    2017-01-01

    To preliminarily explore parents' health literacy and knowledge of youth sport league rules involving concussion education and training, and return-to-play protocols. This study was guided by the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) model of health knowledge to examine parents' concussion literacy, and understanding of concussion education and training, and return-to-play protocols in youth sports. The mixed-method design involved 119 participants; that included in-person (n=8) and telephone (n=4) interviews, and web-based surveys administered through Mechanical Turk via Qualtrics (n=98). Most respondents were not familiar with concussion protocols, but trusted coaches' knowledge in return-to-play rules. More than half of the respondents report that the return-to-play concussion criteria have not been clearly explained to them. The majority of respondents were not familiar with the CDC's 'Heads Up' online concussion training programme, nor were they familiar with any other educational/training tool. About one-fifth of the parents had conversations with a coach or medical staff about youth sport concussions. Parents have a general understanding of how to identify concussion symptoms, but lack knowledge of immediate steps to take following an incident other than seeking medical help.

  17. Sports chiropractic management of concussions using the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 symptom scoring, serial examinations, and graded return to play protocol: a retrospective case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shane, Eric R; Pierce, Kevin M; Gonzalez, Jannet K; Campbell, Nathan J

    2013-12-01

    The purpose of this case series is to report how the symptom section of the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2) was used to manage athletes with concussions in a high school training room setting and to address the need for SCAT2 baseline measurements. During a 4-month period, 3 doctors of chiropractic with certification from the American Chiropractic Board of Sports Physicians managed 15 high school athletes with concussions in a multidisciplinary setting. Fourteen athletes were male American football players, and one was a female volleyball player. Of the 15 athletes, 3 athletes had baseline SCAT2 documentation. Athletes were evaluated and returned to play with a graded return to play protocol using the SCAT2 symptoms and serial physical examinations. Once participants were asymptomatic, they began a graded return to play process. A total of 47 SCAT2 tests were performed on the 15 athletes, averaging 3.13 SCAT2 evaluations per patient. Of the 15 athletes evaluated, 6 were managed and cleared for return to play; 2 of the athletes sustained concussions in the last week of the season, thus ending their season; and 3 athletes were cleared by medical doctors. None of the athletes under care reported an adverse event. The utilization of the SCAT2 with serial physical examinations provided objective measures for athlete's injuries, allowing the practitioners to evaluate concussions. More efforts are needed to collect baseline SCAT2 to compare these scores with subsequent SCAT2 scores following athletic injuries.

  18. Population physical activity behaviour change : A review for the European College of Sport Science

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biddle, S.J.H.; Brehm, W.; Verheijden, M.; Hopman-Rock, M.

    2012-01-01

    The academic study of sport and exercise science has expanded greatly into the arena of public health over the past 20 years or more and Europe has played a significant role in this. It is opportune to review evidence concerning ways to change population levels of physical activity for health. This

  19. Population physical activity behaviour change : A review for the European College of Sport Science

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biddle, S.J.H.; Brehm, W.; Verheijden, M.; Hopman-Rock, M.

    2012-01-01

    The academic study of sport and exercise science has expanded greatly into the arena of public health over the past 20 years or more and Europe has played a significant role in this. It is opportune to review evidence concerning ways to change population levels of physical activity for health. This

  20. Foul Play in Sport as a Phenomenon Inconsistent with the Rules, yet Acceptable and Desirable: Ethical Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kosiewicz Jerzy

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article has strictly a theoretical and non-empirical character. The author presents examples resulting from various observations. The aim of the paper is to present the causes, functions, and results of fouls, fouling, and foul play. Although fouls do not comply with the rules of games, the paper demonstrates that fouls are often used; they enjoy a quiet acceptance of the sporting world; they are tolerated and accepted; even more, they are often - more or less explicitly - desirable.

  1. Motivation within Role-Playing as a Means to Intensify College Students' Educational Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burenkova, Olga Mikhailovna; Arkhipova, Irina Vladimirovna; Semenov, Sergei Aleksandrovich; Samarenkina, Saniya Zakirzyanovna

    2015-01-01

    This article covers college students' educational activity issues while studying a foreign language; analyzes special aspects of motivation introduction, their specific features. It also defines role and structure of role-playing. The authors come to the conclusion that introduction of role-playing in an educational process will bring it closer to…

  2. Laying the foundation for girls' healthy futures: can sports play a role?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brady, M

    1998-03-01

    For many girls in developing countries, adolescence is characterized by a high risk of early and unwanted sexual activity, forced marriage, and early pregnancy-related events. By themselves, the provision of contraceptive services are unlikely to change these trends. Also since many girls receive no formal education, and those who do often have negative experiences, school-based sex education will have only a limited impact. Other approaches are needed to support girls in their transition to adulthood. The Population Council is investigating the feasibility of targeting adolescent women through sports programs. Creating opportunities for young women to develop self-esteem, master new skills, and establish a sense of bodily integrity may be critical to improving girls' health and self-image. Physical education and participation in sports are an untapped, potentially important area for public health intervention. Girls' perception of their bodies, how sports benefit girls, and possibilities in developing country settings are discussed.

  3. 对高职院校运动队课余训练管理的探讨%The management of college sports teams' extracurricular training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭分全; 陈科全; 刘荣帮

    2012-01-01

    Severer competitions between colleges to build up their brand appear with the rapid development of higher vocational education in recent years. The performance of a college in competitive sports is usually considered important and cannot be replaced by any other ones in brand building publicizing. How to manage the sports teams effectively and set up an adaptable management system play key roles in improving the performance of sports teams in higher vocational colleges.%近些年高等职业教育在规模上发展迅速,各高等职业院校办学品牌的竞争日益激烈,而竞技体育水平的高低也是办学品牌的一个重要组成部分。竞技体育在扬校威、树品牌上具有不可代替的作用。如何对高职院校运动队进行有效管理,构建适应学校实际的管理模式,是提高运动队竞技水平的重大课题。

  4. "Doping, Fair Play, and the Dilemmas of Government Sponsored Sport Institutions"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Ask Vest

    2005-01-01

    on the international arenas. The problems of the governement sponsored elite sport institution Team Danmark', is not only seen in their moral panic following doping cases that hardly can be surprising, but also in the institutions ambiguous handling of and advisory to athletes about the use of grey area products...

  5. The Outsourcing of Health, Sport and Physical Educational Work: A State of Play

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Benjamin James; Hay, Peter James; Macdonald, Doune

    2011-01-01

    Background: The outsourcing of health, sport and physical educational (HSPE) work has been a feature of physical education (PE) "futures talk" for over 20 years. However, HSPE work outsourcing has been the focus of little empirical research and only occasional commentary. That small amount of empirical research that has been conducted has been…

  6. Letters from Early Career Academics: The Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy Field of Play

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfrey, Laura; Enright, Eimear; Rynne, Steven

    2017-01-01

    Taking our lead from Rainer Maria Rilke's (1929) "Letters to a Young Poet", our broader project aimed to create a space for dialogue and intergenerational learning between Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy (PESP) Early Career Academics (ECAs) and members of the PESP professoriate. This paper focuses specifically on the experiences of…

  7. The Outsourcing of Health, Sport and Physical Educational Work: A State of Play

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Benjamin James; Hay, Peter James; Macdonald, Doune

    2011-01-01

    Background: The outsourcing of health, sport and physical educational (HSPE) work has been a feature of physical education (PE) "futures talk" for over 20 years. However, HSPE work outsourcing has been the focus of little empirical research and only occasional commentary. That small amount of empirical research that has been conducted…

  8. The Outsourcing of Health, Sport and Physical Educational Work: A State of Play

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Benjamin James; Hay, Peter James; Macdonald, Doune

    2011-01-01

    Background: The outsourcing of health, sport and physical educational (HSPE) work has been a feature of physical education (PE) "futures talk" for over 20 years. However, HSPE work outsourcing has been the focus of little empirical research and only occasional commentary. That small amount of empirical research that has been conducted…

  9. Discussion on Effect and Feasibility of Sports Dancing in College Quality-oriented Education%论体育舞蹈在高校素质教育中的作用和可行性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凤梅

    2011-01-01

    Sports dancing is an emerging physical object, highly combining sports with art.In the situation of constantly improving the higher education system, the feasibility of setting up sports dancing in the college education is paid more attention.Sports dancing plays a more important role in quality-oriented education, when the training for all-around talents is paid more attention.This paper describes concept and characteristics of sports dancing and its role in college quality-oriented education, and then analyzes the feasibility of setting up sports dancing in college quality -oriented education.%体育舞蹈是体育和艺术高度结合的一种新兴的体育项目,在高等教育体制不断改革的情况下,体育舞蹈在高校教育中的可行性也受到重视,在注重培养大学生综合素质的今天,体育舞蹈也凸显出在素质教育中的重要意义.本文通过对体育舞蹈概念和特点以及体育舞蹈在高校素质教育中的作用进行阐述,从而分析体育舞蹈在高校素质教育中的可行性.

  10. The current state of college Taekwondo athletes' sport injury and the measures to improve their coping ability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Min Kyeong Hoon; Lee, Jong Min; Jung, Han Kee [Dept. of Adaptation Physical Education, Hanshin University, Osan (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-03-15

    As for the current state of college Taekwondo athletes’ sport injury, times of occurrence and major causes showed differences in weight class and career, while situations of occurrence had differences in grade, weight class, and career. As for the measures to improve their coping ability, first aid showed differences in grade, while prevention of injury had differences in grade and career. Treatment methods turned out to have no differences. For college Taekwondo athletes, sport injury occurred during exercise, mostly when they fell. In addition, lack of skill was the greatest major cause of sport injury. As for the sport injury coping ability, ice massage was used as first aid and self-massage was performed. For prevention of injury, sufficient fatigue recovery was considered to be the priority of prevention of injury.

  11. Mega-Sporting Events in Developing Nations : Playing the Way to Prosperity?

    OpenAIRE

    Victor A. Matheson; Robert A. Baade

    2003-01-01

    Supporters of mega-sporting events such as the World Cup and Olympics claim that these events attract hoards of wealthy visitors and lead to lasting economic benefits for the host regions. For this reason, cities and countries compete vigorously for the right to stage these spectacles. Recently, developing countries have become increasingly vocal in demanding that they get the right to share in the economic benefits of these international games. China, for example, has been awarded the 2008 S...

  12. "Live, Learn and Play": building strategic alliances between professional sports and public health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yancey, Antronette; Winfield, David; Larsen, Judi; Anderson, Michele; Jackson, Portia; Overton, Jeff; Wilson, Shawn; Rossum, Allen; Kumanyika, Shiriki

    2009-10-01

    Public-private partnerships allow communities and corporate entities to pool resources to address a mission of relevance to their common constituency or consumer base. Collaborations between public health and professional sports may present unique opportunities to improve health outcomes related to physical activity since athletes are fitness icons, both for adults and children. There are many "win-win" opportunities, as sports venues regularly host huge numbers of spectators, offering food and entertainment, providing hours of exposure, and introducing new ideas for engaging fans in order to remain a competitive draw. In 2008, the San Diego Padres embarked on a communitywide fitness initiative, FriarFit, including incorporating 10-minute Instant Recess breaks during their Sunday homestand pre-game shows. Many lessons have been learned that may be useful to others mounting such initiatives, such as: there is more at stake in cost-benefit and risk-benefit assessment for sports executives, requiring greater caution and circumspection than is typical for public health projects; the core business of the corporate entity must be accommodated without undermining the health objectives; and health aims must be addressed in a way that is financially viable and delivers tangible value for profit-making concerns, in terms of marketing, revenues or brand enhancement.

  13. Playing together: the role of sport organisations in supporting migrants’ integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Borgogni

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the research methodology and the main findings of the study carried out to monitor and assess the UISP –the largest sport for all Italian association– national project named Diritti in campo (Rights in the field. The project had the overall goals to use sport-based programs to support the process of integration of migrants living in eight selected Italian cities. The aims of the research study were: the assessment of the impact of the project on migrants’ social inclusion; the identification of specific determinants for success of a program using sport as main mean of intervention; the proposition of a qualitative methodological approach in the domain of migration studies in Italy. The research methodology was based on the case-study paradigm (Yin, 2009 and combined several tools interpolating direct observations, semi-structured and in-depth interviews, focus groups, and documentary analysis. Based on the main findings of the study, eight specific determinants for success as well as four general organizational determinants were highlighted: the relevance of ludodiversity (Renson, 2004, the changes needed in the organizational culture, the requirement of an entire system of integration built as a network, the management of the spaces.

  14. Relationship of high school and college sports participation with alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lisha, Nadra E; Sussman, Steve

    2010-05-01

    This study provides an exhaustive review of 34 peer-reviewed quantitative data-based studies completed on high school and college sports involvement and drug use. The studies reviewed suggest that participation in sport is related to higher levels of alcohol consumption, but lower levels of both cigarette smoking and illegal drug use. Additional research is needed in this domain to further elucidate the relationship between these variables.

  15. sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正Nowadays,high school students hold different opinions about after-class activities.There are two quite different phenomenonena.Some students are crazy about sports and some other activities.They spend much time in joining the outdoor activities and varies of groups,and also,making new friends.However,they pay a little attention to their studies.

  16. INVESTIGATION OF EMPATHY AND SELF-ESTEEM IN DECISION MAKING AND DECISION-MAKING STYLES AMONG THOSE WHO PLAYED TEAM SPORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gül Tiryaki SÖNMEZ

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to examine the empathy and self-esteem in decision-making and decision-making styles of athletes who are playing team sports according to their gender, type of sports they play and sports experience (the years of participation in sports. The sample of the study was composed of a total of 202 the licensed athletes playing in different sports clubs in Izmir, Turkey during 2010-2011 season and they were basketball players (n=53, soccer players (n=76, and handball players (n=73. Their mean age was 22.95±3.45 years and their mean sports experience was 9.57±4.85 years. Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire I-II which was developed by Mann et al. (1998 and Turkish adaptation of which was performed by Deniz (2004, and Empathy Scale in the Sports Situations (ESSS developed by Erkuş and Yakupoğlu (2001 were employed as measuring devices. Personal data were analyzed by descriptive statistical analysis such as frequency (n, percentage (%, mean (X and standard deviation (Sd. Non-Parametric Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal Wallis test and multiple regression analysis were used to determine differences since the data for gender, type of sports and sport experience did not follow a normal distribution and were not homogenous. In conclusion, the emotional empathy scores and total empathy scores of female players were higher than male players. Handball players had higher emotional empathy than soccer and basketball players. Athletes who had sports experience between 1-9 years had lower self-esteem in decision-making compared to the players who had more than 10 years of sports experience and used the buck-passing decision-making and hyper vigilance decision-making styles more often.

  17. An actor-based model of social network influence on adolescent body size, screen time, and playing sports.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David A Shoham

    Full Text Available Recent studies suggest that obesity may be "contagious" between individuals in social networks. Social contagion (influence, however, may not be identifiable using traditional statistical approaches because they cannot distinguish contagion from homophily (the propensity for individuals to select friends who are similar to themselves or from shared environmental influences. In this paper, we apply the stochastic actor-based model (SABM framework developed by Snijders and colleagues to data on adolescent body mass index (BMI, screen time, and playing active sports. Our primary hypothesis was that social influences on adolescent body size and related behaviors are independent of friend selection. Employing the SABM, we simultaneously modeled network dynamics (friendship selection based on homophily and structural characteristics of the network and social influence. We focused on the 2 largest schools in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health and held the school environment constant by examining the 2 school networks separately (N = 624 and 1151. Results show support in both schools for homophily on BMI, but also for social influence on BMI. There was no evidence of homophily on screen time in either school, while only one of the schools showed homophily on playing active sports. There was, however, evidence of social influence on screen time in one of the schools, and playing active sports in both schools. These results suggest that both homophily and social influence are important in understanding patterns of adolescent obesity. Intervention efforts should take into consideration peers' influence on one another, rather than treating "high risk" adolescents in isolation.

  18. Managing Collegiate Sport Clubs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, David O., Ed.

    This book is written for the administrators of college sport clubs. It is comprised of a collection of articles on the topics of: (1) Sport Club Administration and Organization; (2) Student Development through Sport Clubs; (3) Sport Club Financing and Fund-Raising; (4) Liability Concerns of Sport Clubs; and (5) Sport Club Program Surveys.…

  19. Arousing the College Students' Motivation in Speaking English through Role-Play

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xu

    2010-01-01

    English as a tool of communication has been playing an important part in acquiring cultural, scientific and technical knowledge, for collecting worldwide information and carrying out international exchange and cooperation. Improving college students' oral English level has become more and more important. Based on Richard E. Mayer's theory of…

  20. Colleges Could Play Crucial Role in Halting Spread of AIDS Epidemic, Public-Health Officials Say.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biemiller, Lawrence

    1987-01-01

    Public-health specialists say colleges and universities could play a crucial role in halting the spread of AIDS by educating all their students about the disease and how to avoid becoming infected with the virus that causes it. Reaching minority groups and drug users, and "safe sex" kits are discussed. (MLW)

  1. Australasian College of Sports Physicians-position statement: the place of mesenchymal stem/stromal cell therapies in sport and exercise medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Hamish; Anderson, Lynley; Burt, Peter; Young, Mark; Gerrard, David

    2016-10-01

    This Position Statement has been written expressly for members of the Australasian College of Sports Physicians (ACSP); however, it may also be of interest to the wider medical community, sporting organisations, athletes and the general community. It has been informed by a comprehensive review of the scientific literature and the opinions of kindred organisations. This statement outlines the use of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapies in the broad context of Sport and Exercise Medicine, recognising that every medical practitioner should respect: (1) the evidence for the therapeutic use of MSCs and (2) the priority for patient health and welfare. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  2. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Nutrition and athletic performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Nancy R; Di Marco, Nancy M; Langley, Susie

    2009-03-01

    It is the position of the American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine that physical activity, athletic performance, and recovery from exercise are enhanced by optimal nutrition. These organizations recommend appropriate selection of foods and fluids, timing of intake, and supplement choices for optimal health and exercise performance. This updated position paper couples a rigorous, systematic, evidence-based analysis of nutrition and performance-specific literature with current scientific data related to energy needs, assessment of body composition, strategies for weight change, nutrient and fluid needs, special nutrient needs during training and competition, the use of supplements and ergogenic aids, nutrition recommendations for vegetarian athletes, and the roles and responsibilities of the sports dietitian. Energy and macronutrient needs, especially carbohydrate and protein, must be met during times of high physical activity to maintain body weight, replenish glycogen stores, and provide adequate protein to build and repair tissue. Fat intake should be sufficient to provide the essential fatty acids and fat-soluble vitamins and to contribute energy for weight maintenance. Although exercise performance can be affected by body weight and composition, these physical measures should not be a criterion for sports performance and daily weigh-ins are discouraged. Adequate food and fluid should be consumed before, during, and after exercise to help maintain blood glucose concentration during exercise, maximize exercise performance, and improve recovery time. Athletes should be well hydrated before exercise and drink enough fluid during and after exercise to balance fluid losses. Sports beverages containing carbohydrates and electrolytes may be consumed before, during, and after exercise to help maintain blood glucose concentration, provide fuel for muscles, and decrease risk of dehydration and hyponatremia. Vitamin

  3. Game On: Past Year Gambling, Gambling-Related Problems, and Fantasy Sports Gambling Among College Athletes and Non-athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Ryan J; Nelson, Sarah E; Gallucci, Andrew R

    2016-06-01

    College students experience higher rates of gambling-related problems than most other population segments, including the general population. Although Division I (D1) athletes often have more at stake than the average student if and when they gamble (e.g., the potential to lose their athletic eligibility), relatively few studies have assessed the gambling behavior of this population and none have specifically assessed fantasy sports gambling. We conducted a study to examine gambling behavior (past-year gambling, gambling-related problems, and fantasy sport gambling) among a sample (N = 692) of college students at a private religiously affiliated university in the Southwest US. The sample for our study was unique in that approximately 30 % of the participants were D1 athletes. We compared the gambling behavior among three groups based on the athlete status: D1 athletes, club/intramural/recreational (CIR) athletes, and non-athletes (NAs). Compared to females in our sample, males observed higher rates of past year gambling, fantasy sports participation, fantasy sports gambling, and gambling-related problems. Among males, we found that CIR athletes observed the highest rates of past year gambling and fantasy sports participation and D1 athletes observed higher rates than NAs. We did not find differences in fantasy sport gambling and past year gambling-related problems based on athlete status in males or females.

  4. Analysis of Speed Performance In Soccer by a Playing Position and a Sports Level Using a Laser System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferro Amelia

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the kinematic variables that identify the quality of velocity in soccer players at different competitive levels and playing positions. This study had two independent variables: 1 a competitive level (competitive and non-competitive players; and 2 a playing position, with four levels (central defenders, wide defenders/midfielders, central midfielders and forwards. Forty-two soccer players took part in a 30 m sprint-test, which was measured using a laser sensor-type 1 (LDM301-Jenoptik at 2000 Hz. Absolute and relative times, average velocities and absolute and relative maximum velocities over 10 m sections were analyzed at 200 Hz with BioLaserSport®. There were no significant differences in average velocity between competitive and non-competitive players; however, the former reached a greater maximum velocity in the 10-20 m section. Average velocity in the 0-10 m section identified specificity among playing positions in competitive players. The forwards were the fastest followed by the central midfielders, the wide defenders/midfielders and the central defenders. No differences were found among the non-competitive players. Average velocity over the 0-10 meter section may be an important indicator when assigning a playing position for competitive players. These results support the use of more accurate systems, such as a laser system, to identify soccer players’ speed qualities (including maximum velocity during short sprints.

  5. The Influences of Folk Sports Curriculum on College Students' Sports Lifestyle%论民俗体育课程的开展对大学生体育生活方式的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李攀美

    2012-01-01

    为了揭示普通高校民俗体育课程的开展对大学生体育生活方式的影响,文章运用文献资料法和逻辑分析法,通过学生体育生活方式形成的主观与客观条件以及民俗体育较其它体育项目的优势分析,阐明了民俗体育课程的开展对大学生体育生活方式认知层面和行为层面的影响。研究结果表明:大学时期是个人体育生活方式形成的关键阶段,民俗体育对大学生体育生活方式的形成有积极影响,高校要认真开展好民俗体育来促进大学生体育生活方式的形成。%In order to reveal the influences of folk sports hterature and logical analysis, through students' sports hfestyl on College Students' sports lifestyle, using the methods of e formed in the subjective and objective conditions as well as the folk custom sports than other sports advantage analysis, the paper expounds the development of folk sports on college students' sports lifestyle and behavior level and the influence of cognitive level. The results show that: the university period is the individual sports hfestyle form key stage, folk sports on college students' sports lifestyle formation has positive effect, colleges and universities should seriously carry out the good folk sports to promote the formation of sports lifestyle of conege students.

  6. Yili Normal College Sports College Sports Education Specialized Curriculum Research%伊犁师范学院体育学院体育教育专业课程设置研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莉

    2014-01-01

    随着西部大开发战略的逐步推广实施,国家对于我国西北地区教育事业的重视程度也逐步加深。与此同时,西北高校的体育学院体育教育专业将肩负起为祖国广大的西北地区培育体育教师的重任。但是,在目前的发展过程之中,西北高校的体育专业在课程设置的过程之中并没有全面地考虑到实际情况,课程设置也存在一定的不合理情况。因此,结合伊犁师范学院体育学院体育教育专业课程设置的研究工作,探索应当如何加强西北高校的体育专业教学很有必要。%With the gradually popularization of western development strategy implementation,the country to the cause of education in northwestern China importance is also gradually deepened. At the same time,the northwest university sports college sports education professional will shoulder the vast northwest for the motherland the important task of cultivating physical education teachers. However ,in the current development of northwest university of professional sports in the process of the curriculum is not fully considering the actual situation , the curriculum also exist some unreasonable situation. It is necessary that combining the actual Yili normal college sports college sports education specialized curriculum research,to explore how to strengthen the northwest universities sports teaching.

  7. Research on Best Time of Developing College Sunlight Sports%高校阳光体育开展的最佳时段研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晶晶

    2014-01-01

    高校阳光体育的开展,从丰富校园文化生活、完善学生体育技能与培养学生体育能力和终身体育意识的维度,对阻滞与大学生体质下滑起到了较好的作用。根据高校阳光体育实施的实践,在适合性和学习非冲突性原则的指导下,其开展的最佳时段主要为两类:日常时段,如工作日的午饭前与每日早晨的时段,与周末的全天性时段,有效地弥补了高校体育课堂对大学生体育训练的不足。%The development of sunlight sports play a better role from the enriching campus culture life , improving students’ sports skills and cultivating the students ’ ability and lifelong sports consciousness .According to the practice of sunshine sports in universities , the suitability and learning under the guidance of the principle of non conflict, the best time for its development mainly into two categories:daily time, time and daily morning as the working day before lunch , and the nature of weekend time , effectively overcomes the shortcoming of the high school physical education class for college students sports training .

  8. Dynamics of the component of body composition in athletes playing sports with damage to the medial meniscus of the knee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh'd Khalil Moh'd Abdel Kader

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The question of the influence of the developed program of physical rehabilitation with the use of modern means and methods of recovery on the performance component of body composition in athletes playing sports after arthroscopic stapling the medial meniscus was considered. The analysis and synthesis of scientific and methodological data on the determination of body composition analysis techniques using bioelectrical resistance was shown. Found that long-term immobilization that accompanies the process of rehabilitation, reduced physical activity, vascular and other changes lead to muscle atrophy, restriction of mobility in the knee joint, trophic changes of the injured limb. The use of the physical rehabilitation programs allowed to state its high efficiency.

  9. Sports Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sometimes you can injure yourself when you play sports or exercise. Accidents, poor training practices, or improper ... can also lead to injuries. The most common sports injuries are Sprains and strains Knee injuries Swollen ...

  10. On Audience Psychology Bridge between Sports Movies & TV Plays and Sports Entities%体育影视剧与体育实体间的受众心理桥梁问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡蓉晖; 黄昌武

    2011-01-01

    Sports movies and TV plays can boost the development of sports entities through influencing the audience psychology and driving them into sports practice. We should pay special attention to artistry in the movie and plays so as to enlist the support of entrepreneurs who are interested in the development of sports entities to catalyze the invention and the spread of new sports games, as well as to move people to do physical exercises voluntarily by showng them the inevitable dramatic effect sports.%通过体育影视剧影响人的心理与行为,促进体育实体的发展,需要注意抓住艺术这一竞争优势,获得有志于发展体育实业事主的资助;还需通过体育影视剧中有关体育与健康关系的典型故事,揭示其必然性和吊诡性,使人们心理受到强烈震撼从而自觉锻炼身体,并使其成为体育新项目发明和推广的催化剂。

  11. The Value and Utilization of Sports Games in College-based Curriculum Development%体育游戏在校本课程开发中的价值与运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志明

    2014-01-01

    体育游戏在校本课程中的应用,有利于体育教学的发展,不仅有益于学生的身体素质,而且对学生的智力发展,以及学生各方面能力的培养都起到了重要作用。为了使体育游戏在高校体育教学中发挥巨大作用,真正益于学生的发展,本文针对其在校本课程开发中的价值和运用进行了分析和探究。%The utilization of sports games in college-based cur-riculum is conducive to the development of sports teaching, the improvement of students' physical quality and their intelligence development,as well as the cultivation of students' all-round a-bilities. In order to give full play to the role of sports games in college sports teaching and make it feasibly help students' devel-opment, this paper analyzed and explored its value and utilization in college-based curriculum development.

  12. Somatotype and body composition analysis of Korean youth soccer players according to playing position for sports physiotherapy research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noh, Ji-Woong; Kim, Mee-Young; Lee, Lim-Kyu; Park, Byoung-Sun; Yang, Seung-Min; Jeon, Hye-Joo; Lee, Won-Deok; Kim, Ju-Hyun; Lee, Jeong-Uk; Kwak, Taek-Yong; Lee, Tae-Hyun; Kim, Ju-Young; Kim, Junghwan

    2015-04-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the somatotype and physical characteristic differences among elite youth soccer players. [Subjects and Methods] In the present study, we evaluated twenty-two Korean youth soccer players in different playing positions. The playing positions were divided into forward (FW), midfielder (MF), defender (DF), and goalkeeper (GK). The participants' lean body mass (LBM), fat free mass (FFM), fat mass (FM), and basal metabolic rate (BMR) were measured and their somatotype determined according to the Heath-Carter method. [Results] The youth soccer players had twelve ectomorphic, eight mesomorphic, and two central predominant types. The DFs were taller than, but otherwise similar in physical characteristics to the FWs and MFs. The GKs were taller and heavier than the other players; however, their somatotype components were not significantly different. LBM, FFM, and BMR were significantly higher in GKs than in FWs and MFs. Although LBM, FFM, and BMR values between GKs and DFs showed large differences, they were not statistically significant. [Conclusion] The present study may contribute to our understanding of the differences in somatotype and body composition of Korean youth soccer players involved in sports physiotherapy research.

  13. 浅谈体育游戏在大学体育课程中的运用%On the Use of Sports Games in College Physical Education Courses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明士

    2016-01-01

    Based on sports games use investigation in college physical education courses in Chongqing, reasonable implemen-tation of sports games in sports curriculum were discussed, analysis, the important role and significance of sports games in sports courses conducted. Meanwhile, sports games use to enhance the enthusiasm of PE Teaching played a catalytic role. By exploring the physical educational curriculum so that teaching quality is further improved.%本文通过对重庆市大学体育课中体育游戏运用情况的调查,对体育游戏在体育课程中的合理实施进行了探讨、分析,得出体育游戏在体育课程中开展的重要作用和意义。同时,体育游戏的运用对提升体育教学中学生的积极性起到了促进作用。通过探究使学校体育课程的教学质量进一步改善。

  14. How does playing adapted sports affect quality of life of people with mobility limitations? Results from a mixed-method sequential explanatory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Côté-Leclerc, Félix; Boileau Duchesne, Gabrielle; Bolduc, Patrick; Gélinas-Lafrenière, Amélie; Santerre, Corinne; Desrosiers, Johanne; Levasseur, Mélanie

    2017-01-25

    Occupations, including physical activity, are a strong determinant of health. However, mobility limitations can restrict opportunities to perform these occupations, which may affect quality of life. Some people will turn to adapted sports to meet their need to be involved in occupations. Little is known, however, about how participation in adapted sports affects the quality of life of people with mobility limitations. This study thus aimed to explore the influence of adapted sports on quality of life in adult wheelchair users. A mixed-method sequential explanatory design was used, including a quantitative and a qualitative component with a clinical research design. A total of 34 wheelchair users aged 18 to 62, who regularly played adapted sports, completed the Quality of Life Index (/30). Their scores were compared to those obtained by people of similar age without limitations (general population). Ten of the wheelchair users also participated in individual semi-structured interviews exploring their perceptions regarding how sports-related experiences affected their quality of life. The participants were 9 women and 25 men with paraplegia, the majority of whom worked and played an individual adapted sport (athletics, tennis or rugby) at the international or national level. People with mobility limitations who participated in adapted sports had a quality of life comparable to the group without limitations (21.9 ± 3.3 vs 22.3 ± 2.9 respectively), except for poorer family-related quality of life (21.0 ± 5.3 vs 24.1 ± 4.9 respectively). Based on the interviews, participants reported that the positive effect of adapted sports on the quality of life of people with mobility limitations operates mainly through the following: personal factors (behavior-related abilities and health), social participation (in general and through interpersonal relationships), and environmental factors (society's perceptions and support from the environment). Some contextual

  15. Analysis of Baseline Computerized Neurocognitive Testing Results among 5–11-Year-Old Male and Female Children Playing Sports in Recreational Leagues in Florida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen D. Liller

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available There is a paucity of data related to sports injuries, concussions, and computerized neurocognitive testing (CNT among very young athletes playing sports in recreational settings. The purpose of this study was to report baseline CNT results among male and female children, ages 5–11, playing sports in Hillsborough County, Florida using ImPACT Pediatric, which is specifically designed for this population. Data were collected from 2016 to 2017. The results show that 657 baseline tests were conducted and t-tests and linear regression were used to assess mean significant differences in composite scores with sex and age. Results showed that females scored better on visual memory and in general as age increased, baseline scores improved. The results can be used to build further studies on the use of CNT in recreational settings and their role in concussion treatment, management, and interventions.

  16. Application of system directions, facilities and methods of individualization preparation of sportsmen in playing types of sport in structural circannual loop of preparation constructs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozina Zh.l.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Basic directions conception of individualization of training process are presented in playing types of sport. Distributing of facilities is rotined in individual programs of preparation of sportsmen. Depending on a leading factor and period of individual dynamics of playing effectiveness correlation of facilities varies. On development of leading factors 60-80% is taken to time, on development of backward - 20-40%. In every micro cycle 30% taken time on individual preparation of players.

  17. A Basic Study on Leadership of the Coaches in the College Sports Teams

    OpenAIRE

    畑, 攻; 柴田, 雅貴; 塚本, 正仁; 杉山, 歌奈子

    2004-01-01

    Leadership is one of the most important elements for team sports management, and concerning to members morale, team morale, maturity, and performance. In sports science area, it is expected that sports leadership would be defined and clarified to attain their objective. The purpose of the study was to identify sports leaders' behavior and function concerning with members' satisfaction. This study employed a specially designed questionnaire which were consisted of general demographics, academi...

  18. Towards level playing fields? A time trend analysis of young people’s participation in club-organised sports

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vandermeerschen, Hanne; Vos, Steven; Scheerder, Jeroen

    2014-01-01

    Over the last 40 years, Sport for All policies – aiming at encouraging the sports participation of all citizens, regardless of age, sex, social class, ethnic origin, etc. – were implemented in a number of European countries. This study examines the extent to which a democratisation of club-organised

  19. 高校体育教学管理存在问题的探讨%Exploration on Problems Existing in Sports Teaching Management in Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李朝彬

    2015-01-01

    To develop college sports,promote students’constitution and improve technical level of college sports are the basic tasks of college sports work as well as important directions of developing China’s education and sports cause.How to break the single and rigid management model of college sports teaching,carry out reform to develop diversified sports teaching is a key way to modern sports teaching management.%发展高校体育,增强学生体质,提高学校体育运动技术水平,是我国高校体育工作的基本任务,也是我国教育事业和体育事业的重要发展方向。如何打破高校体育教学单一化、僵硬化的管理模式,改旧革新,发展多元化体育教学,是现代体育教学管理的必经之路。

  20. Fatalities and Catastrophic Injuries in High School and College Sports, 1982-1997.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantu, Robert C.; Mueller, Frederick O.

    1999-01-01

    Data from the National Center for Sports Injury show that changes in rules and equipment have made interscholastic sports safer in recent decades, but the record for 1982-1997 shows that there is still room for improvement. The paper presents sport-specific considerations and examines several general safety recommendations that should be followed.…

  1. 终身体育思想下的北方高校体育教学%Physical Educaiton in Northern Colleges and Universities on Thoughts of Lifelong Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佟胜志

    2015-01-01

    Lifelong sports is a matter of first importance about mental health of students, social harmony and even rising and falling of our country, physical education in northern colleges and universities on thoughts of lifelong sports must fully play an improtant role in the strategy of building sports power, effectively complete the historical mission of sports in colleges and universities. By studying to summarize the teaching contents of lifelong sports ideas are healthy education, quality education, skills and happy education. Put forward to change ideas, build the consciousness of lifelong sports. Update textbooks, strengthen the ability of lifelong sports. Stimulate interests, cultivate the habits of lifelong sports. Perfect the teachers, improve the quality of lifelong sports, in order to provide a reference for national lifelong sports, improving national quality, making students get benefits, cultivating high quality talents which is needed by society.%终身体育是关乎学生身心健康、社会和谐乃至国家兴衰的头等大事,终身体育思想下的北方高校体育教学必须充分发挥学校体育在建设世界体育强国战略中的重要作用,有效完成高校体育的历史使命.通过研究总结出终身体育思想的教学内容为:健康教育、素质教育、技能教育和快乐教育.提出转变观念,树立终身体育意识;更新教材,增强终身体育能力;激发兴趣,培养终身体育习惯;完善师资,提高终身体育质量等实施途径,为全民实施终身体育,提高全民素质,使学生终身受益,培养社会所需的高素质综合人才提供理论依据.

  2. American College of Sports Medicine roundtable on exercise guidelines for cancer survivors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitz, Kathryn H; Courneya, Kerry S; Matthews, Charles; Demark-Wahnefried, Wendy; Galvão, Daniel A; Pinto, Bernardine M; Irwin, Melinda L; Wolin, Kathleen Y; Segal, Roanne J; Lucia, Alejandro; Schneider, Carole M; von Gruenigen, Vivian E; Schwartz, Anna L

    2010-07-01

    Early detection and improved treatments for cancer have resulted in roughly 12 million survivors alive in the United States today. This growing population faces unique challenges from their disease and treatments, including risk for recurrent cancer, other chronic diseases, and persistent adverse effects on physical functioning and quality of life. Historically, clinicians advised cancer patients to rest and to avoid activity; however, emerging research on exercise has challenged this recommendation. To this end, a roundtable was convened by American College of Sports Medicine to distill the literature on the safety and efficacy of exercise training during and after adjuvant cancer therapy and to provide guidelines. The roundtable concluded that exercise training is safe during and after cancer treatments and results in improvements in physical functioning, quality of life, and cancer-related fatigue in several cancer survivor groups. Implications for disease outcomes and survival are still unknown. Nevertheless, the benefits to physical functioning and quality of life are sufficient for the recommendation that cancer survivors follow the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, with specific exercise programming adaptations based on disease and treatment-related adverse effects. The advice to "avoid inactivity," even in cancer patients with existing disease or undergoing difficult treatments, is likely helpful.

  3. Use of plyometric trainings in physical rehabilitation of athletes in playing sports with injuries of the capsule-ligament apparatus of knee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh'd Khalil Moh'd Abdel Kader.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The question of possibility of application is considered in the programs of physical rehabilitation of the special physical exercises for the athletes in playing sports with the damage of knee-joint. An analysis and generalization of scientific-methodical information on questions of mechanisms and features of origin of sporting traumas, and also modern facilities and methods of renewal at the traumas of the capsule-ligament apparatus of knee is conducted. It is set that in the modern methods of physical rehabilitation of sportsmen with the traumas of locomotorium the complex programs do not meet with the use of plyometric exercises. Their application is instrumental in the prophylaxis of origin of recurrent sporting traumas, renewal of the special capacity and speed-power qualities of athletes.

  4. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and Athletic Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, D Travis; Erdman, Kelly Anne; Burke, Louise M

    2016-03-01

    It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Academy), Dietitians of Canada (DC), and the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) that the performance of, and recovery from, sporting activities are enhanced by well-chosen nutrition strategies. These organizations provide guidelines for the appropriate type, amount, and timing of intake of food, fluids, and supplements to promote optimal health and performance across different scenarios of training and competitive sport. This position paper was prepared for members of the Academy, DC, and ACSM, other professional associations, government agencies, industry, and the public. It outlines the Academy's, DC's, and ACSM's stance on nutrition factors that have been determined to influence athletic performance and emerging trends in the field of sports nutrition. Athletes should be referred to a registered dietitian nutritionist for a personalized nutrition plan. In the United States and in Canada, the Certified Specialist in Sports Dietetics is a registered dietitian nutritionist and a credentialed sports nutrition expert.

  5. 不同运动项群的共同作用对大学生健康人格的培养研究%Research on Cultivation of College Students' Healthy Personality under Combined Influence of Sport Event Groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈忠英; 梁冰

    2015-01-01

    运用实验法、问卷调查法、数理统计法等相关的研究方法,在体育教学过程中,通过不同运动项群对学生的共同作用,探讨体育教育对大学生健康人格的促进作用。研究发现:不同运动项群对大学生的人格导向不同,而且作用时间的长短是决定人格走向的必要因素。科学合理地配置不同的运动项群,可以促进大学生健康人格的形成,提升大学生健康人格水准。%In the teaching of P. E., the promoting role played by P. E. in college students' healthy personality is discussed based on the combined influence of sport even groups by means of experimental approach, questionnaire, mathematical statistical method, etc. The results show that there exist different influences of different sport event groups on college students' personality, and the duration of the influence determines the nature of their personality. Therefore, the rational distribution of sport even groups can promote the healthy development of college students' personality and improve quality of their personality.

  6. 体育专业大学生运动损伤趋势实证研究--以怀化学院为例%Professional Sports College Students' Sports Injury Trend Empirical Research--- Taking Huaihua University as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋祖军; 吴亿中; 王军力; 李俊华; 陈德林

    2014-01-01

    In order to understand the specific situation of professional sports college students sports injury ,the team members studied the sports injury of the professional sports college students in Huaihua University using the literature material method , questionnaire survey method , interview method and so on . The results showed that in comparison to the existing research achievements of sports injury ,the unique new characteristics and new trends of the sports injury were put up in our investigation . We found out the main causes of the sports injury ,and put forward some effective prevention measures and countermeasures .%采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、访谈法等方法,对怀化学院体育专业大学生运动损伤情况进行了研究。研究结果表明,该专业学生的运动损伤情况与现有的运动损伤情况相比较,呈现出新特点、新趋势,并且分析了其损伤的主要根源,提出了有效的预防对策和措施。

  7. It's not how much you play, but how much you enjoy the game: the longitudinal associations between adolescents' self-esteem and the frequency versus enjoyment of involvement in sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, Paul J C; Willoughby, Teena

    2014-01-01

    The frequency of involvement in sports often has been concurrently and longitudinally associated with higher self-esteem. The interpretation of this association consistently has been framed as involvement in sports leading to higher levels of self-esteem over time (i.e., socialization effect), although no studies have tested whether higher levels of self-esteem lead to increased involvement in sports over time (i.e., selection effect). Another important aspect of involvement in sports that may be related to self-esteem is the degree to which youth enjoy sports. However, this aspect has received much less attention. To address these gaps in the literature, we first examined the bidirectional effects between self-esteem and the frequency of involvement in sports with 1,492 adolescents (50.8 % female; 92.4 % Canadian-born) over 4 years. Higher levels of self-esteem predicted greater involvement in sports over time, but greater involvement in sports did not predict higher levels of self-esteem over time, offering support only for selection effects. We then tested the bidirectional effects between the enjoyment of sports and self-esteem and found evidence of both socialization and selection effects. Specifically, greater enjoyment of sports predicted higher self-esteem over time, and higher self-esteem predicted greater enjoyment of sports over time. These novel findings suggest that adolescents with higher self-esteem play sports more frequently and enjoy sports more than adolescents with lower self-esteem. In addition, the degree to which adolescents enjoy sports may be more important for increasing self-esteem than the frequency with which adolescents play sports.

  8. 从终身体育观论高校体育教学改革%Discussion on Teaching Reform of Colleges Sports from the Perspective of Lifelong Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荀盛龙

    2015-01-01

    Sports teaching aims to enhance students'' physical quality and improve the health level of students. It can make students have enough energy and endurance in study and can also make students get good physique, to lay a good foundation for lifelong physical fitness, to lay a solid foundation for China''s overall national quality. College ports teaching is the last stage of the physical education, so the colleges and universities need to carry out the concept of lifetime sports, not only cultivate the students'' sports ability, but also enhance the students'' physical and mental health, to lay a solid foundation for students'' whole life. This paper, starting from the concept of lifetime sports, expounds the relationship between college sports and lifelong sports: the college sports is between the school sports and social sports, serves as a bridge to link, communicate and transmit, provides important preparation for lifelong sports. The problems in college sports include: emphasizing intellectual education and neglecting physical education, poor teachers'' teaching quality, students'' weak consciousness of sports, sports teaching mode running counter to the concept of lifelong sports, etc. The corresponding solutions are: changing the teaching concept, improving teachers'' teaching quality, cultivating students'' consciousness of lifelong sports, using the concept of lifelong sports to guide sports teaching.%体育教学旨在增强学生的身体素质,提高学生的健康水平.既让学生在进行各项学习时能够有充沛的精力和足够的耐力,还能够让学生获得优秀的体质,为终身体质奠定基础,为我国整体国民素质打下坚实基础.高校体育教学作为学生体育教学的最后阶段,需要贯彻体育教学的理念,更应从终身体育的理念出发,既培养学生的体育能力,还要增进学生的身心健康,为学生人生的全过程打下坚实的基础.从终身体育的概念出发,高校体育与终身体

  9. The Lack and Recovery of College Sports Spirit%论高校体育精神文化的缺失与弥补

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国泰; 李慧

    2016-01-01

    为贯彻落实中央关于加强学校体育的决策部署,高校体育文化之体育制度文化与体育物质文化得到一定的重视和发展,体育精神文化却是颇显不足。高校学生、体育教师和学校领导作为与学校体育息息相关的三类群体,其体育意识和行为皆表现出高校体育精神文化的缺失;立足中西方体育文化的影响、体育教师的综合素质和学校工作的总体要求三个方面探索高校体育精神文化缺失的原因,并提出弥补性建议:体育活动主题化、构建传统体育文化、学校领导的重视、师资培养新要求。%To implement central decisions on strengthening school sports, sports material and sports system have been valued and developed, but the sports spirit is still inadequate. College students, teachers and school leaders are closely related to school sports, their sports consciousness and behavior show a lack of college sports spirit. Based on the impact of Chinese and western sports culture, the overall quality of teachers and the general requirements of school work, exploring the reasons for the lack of sports spirit and making suggestions to make up, such as the theme of the sports activities, the construction of tra⁃ditional sports culture, the importance of school leadership, new requirements of teacher training.

  10. Comparison of eSports and Traditional Sports Consumption Motives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Donghun; Schoenstedt, Linda J.

    2011-01-01

    With recognition of the need for studying eSports in this interactive digital communication era, this study explored 14 motivational factors affecting the time spent on eSports gaming. Using a sample of 515 college students and athletic event attendees, we further compared eSports game patterns to their non-eSport or traditional sport involvements…

  11. Leisure sports values for College Students%休闲体育价值观对大学生的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永红

    2012-01-01

    Healthy leisure sports values to improve the students' personality,will help cultivate a healthy lifestyle to achieve self-- worth beyond promote college students lifelong sports concept formation.%健康的休闲体育价值观能够完善大学生的人格,有利于培养健康的生活方式,实现自我价值的超越,促进大学生终身体育观的形成。

  12. 安徽省大学生体育用品消费研究%Research on the sporting goods consumption of the college students in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷香; 胡好

    2015-01-01

    基于大学生体育用品消费对体育产业和大学生体育参与之重要意义,采用问卷调查、文献分析、数理统计与逻辑分析等方法,对当前安徽省大学生的体育用品消费进行调查。研究表明,大学生体育用品整体消费水平较低,在体育用品的选择上以中低端为主;家庭收入、体育用品价格、个人消费观念及缺乏对体育用品的了解是影响体育用品消费的主要因素,其中家庭收入为重要因素。%Considering that College Students'sporting goods consumption means a lot to the sports indus-try and sports participation of the college students,the author adopts the method of questionnaire sur-vey,document analysis,mathematical statistics and logical analysis and so on to investigate the current sports consumption of college students in Anhui province.The research shows that the consumption level of sport goods of college students is relatively low,and the consumption mainly concentrates on the low-end sport goods.Family income,the price of sport goods,personal consumption concept and the lack of understand sport goods are the main factors of the consumption,and the family income is the most cruci-al one.

  13. RFID-based information management system to achieve college sports%基于RFID高校运动会信息管理系统实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路佩佩

    2014-01-01

    为了便于高校运动会中信息的管理,提出了基于RFID高校运动会的信息管理系统。本文分析了高校运动会信息管理系统的需求,设计了基于RFID运动会信息管理的整体系统,并详细设计了识别系统即RFID系统。%In order to facilitate the management of information in college sports,college sports proposed RFID-based information management system.This paper analyzes the demand for college sports information management system,designed the overall information management system based on RFID Games and detailed design of the identification system that RFID systems.

  14. The Function of Sports Spirit in College Students' Personality Formation%体育精神在大学生人格形成中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨建全

    2011-01-01

    中国有五千年的悠久历史,其体育文化同样源远流长.文章阐述了我国体育文化的历史,并对独具特色的中国体育文化所蕴含的体育精神做出了解读和诠释.最后从体育精神对当代大学生人格的熏陶阐述了自己见解.%China has five thousand years of long history. Its sports culture is also a long history. Paper describes the history of sports culture, and makes interpretation for the unique culture of the Chinese sports spirit inherent in sports. Finally, the author demonstrates his own view about the influence of sports spirit to college students' personality.

  15. Development of a college student sport learning style evaluation model%大学生体育学习风格测评模型的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙福成; 李阿特

    2014-01-01

    Based on literature review, structural interview and open questionnaire survey, the authors worked out a college student sport learning style pretest questionnaire, then through the pretest and revision of the pretest ques-tionnaire, formed a formal College Student Sport Learning Style Questionnaire, used the formal questionnaire to conduct a formal investigation on 507 college students, and by means of exploratory factor analysis and confirma-tory factor analysis, derived a college student sport learning style structure that includes such 4 dimensions as deci-sion-making, feedback, self-awareness and presentation;various dimensions of college student sport learning style reflect learners’ personal preferences in sport learning;the combinations of the characteristics of the 4 dimensions in different ways constitute 4 sport learning styles, namely, rational, emotional, initiative and evasive sport learning styles. The college student sport learning style questionnaire shows good reliability and validity indexes, can be used as a college student sport learning style evaluation tool.%在文献综述、结构访谈和开放式问卷调查基础上,编制大学生体育学习风格的预试问卷,通过预试问卷的预试和修改,形成正式的“大学生体育学习风格问卷”。用该问卷对507名大学生进行正式调查,通过探索性因素分析和验证性因素分析,得出大学生体育学习风格结构,包括决策、反馈、自觉和展现4个维度;大学生体育学习风格各维度反映学习者在体育学习中的个人偏好,4个维度特征不同方式的结合,构成理智、情感、主动和回避4种体育学习风格类型。大学生体育学习风格问卷的信效度指标良好,可以作为大学生体育学习风格的测评工具。

  16. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and Athletic Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine that the performance of, and recovery from, sporting activities are enhanced by well-chosen nutrition strategies. These organizations provide guidelines for the appropriate type, amount, and timing of intake of food, fluids, and supplements to promote optimal health and performance across different scenarios of training and competitive sport. This position paper was prepared for members of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada (DC), and American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), other professional associations, government agencies, industry, and the public. It outlines the Academy's, DC's and ACSM's stance on nutrition factors that have been determined to influence athletic performance and emerging trends in the field of sports nutrition. Athletes should be referred to a registered dietitian/nutritionist for a personalized nutrition plan. In the United States and in Canada, the Certified Specialist in Sports Dietetics (CSSD) is a registered dietitian/nutritionist and a credentialed sports nutrition expert.

  17. Exploration on the Management of Sports Teaching in Higher Vocational Colleges%对高职院校体育教学管理的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜乾勇

    2014-01-01

    The management of sports teaching in higher vocational colleges, as an important part of sports work in higher vocational colleges, is directly related to the stability of teaching order and the improvement of teaching quality. From the perspective of sports teaching management, this paper studies the characteris-tics, content and management measures of college sports teaching management, and provides a reference for improving the man-agement of sports teaching in higher vocational colleges.%高职院校体育教学管理工作是高职院校体育工作的重要部分,直接关系到教学秩序的稳定和教学质量的提高。本文从体育教学管理的角度出发研究了高校体育教学管理工作的特点、内容以及管理措施,为提高高职院校体育教学管理工作提供参考意见。

  18. Keeping youth in play : The effects of sports-based interventions in the prevention of juvenile delinquency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spruit, A.

    2017-01-01

    Despite the widespread implementation of sports-based crime prevention programs, there is little known about the effectiveness of these interventions and the validity of underlying theoretical assumptions. This dissertation consists of four studies. First, a meta-analysis on the relation between spo

  19. 普通高校与体育院校体育学硕士招生现状研究%Study on Enrollment Statu of Master Station about Public Sport Department of Ordinary Universities and Professional Sport Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田静

    2012-01-01

    The foundation and development of master stations of sport science and physical education in China mainly depends on the public sports department of ordinary universities,professional sport colleges,and normal colleges.Comparing the first two kinds of university mentioned above,there are still many differences between them although both are master station of sport science and physical education.By using the method of literature studies,experts' interview and logical analysis,the paper compares and analyzes the present situation of master about sport department of ordinary university and professional sport college,then gives suggestions.The purpose of this study is to provide reference for the construction and department of master station of sport science and physical education in our country.%我国体育学硕士点主要依托普通高校公共体育部、体育院校和师范院校办学。其中普通高校公体部与体育院校相比,二者虽同为体育学硕士点,但在诸多方面存在差异。通过文献资料、专家访谈和逻辑分析法,分析比较普通高校公体部与体育院校体育学硕士点招生现状,提出建议,为我国体育学硕士点的建设和发展提供参考。

  20. Playing their part: the role of physical activity and sport in sustaining the health and well being of small rural communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, M; Moore, J; Mahoney, M

    2002-01-01

    It is widely recognised that the health of rural Australians is poor in comparison with their urban counterparts. Similarly, the role played by physical activity in maintaining health has been well researched and is well documented. However, little appears to have been published in recent years about the links between physical activity and health in rural communities. The objective of this article was to begin to address that gap. To achieve this, the article drew on research conducted in two small rural communities in Victoria Australia, and highlighted the role that physical activity and sport played in sustaining the health and wellbeing of individuals and communities in rural areas. Taking the World Health Organisation's definition of health (a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease) as its measure, the paper highlighted the many ways in which physical activity and sport in rural communities contribute to physical health, mental wellbeing and social cohesiveness. Based this finding, the authors suggest that physical activity and sport make a significant contribution to the health and wellbeing of rural people and their communities and suggest that further research is necessary to better define this apparent contribution.

  1. American College of Sports Medicine. Position Stand. Physical activity, physical fitness, and hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-10-01

    Hypertension is present in epidemic proportions in adults of industrialized societies and is associated with a markedly increased risk of developing numerous cardiovascular pathologies. There is a continuing debate as to the efficacy of aggressive pharmacological therapy in individuals with mild to moderate elevations in blood pressure. This has led to a search for nonpharmacological therapies, such as exercise training, for these individuals. The available evidence indicates that endurance exercise training by individuals at high risk for developing hypertension will reduce the rise in blood pressure that occurs with time. Thus, it is the position of the American College of Sports Medicine that endurance exercise training is recommended as a nonpharmacological strategy to reduce the incidence of hypertension in susceptible individuals. A large number of studies indicate that endurance exercise training will elicit a 10 mm Hg average reduction in both systolic and diastolic blood pressures in individuals with mild essential hypertension (blood pressures 140-180/90-105 mm Hg). Endurance exercise training also has the capacity to improve other risk factors for cardiovascular disease in hypertensive individuals. Endurance exercise training appears to elicit even greater reductions in blood pressure in patients with secondary hypertension due to renal dysfunction. The mode (large muscle activities), frequency (3-5 d.wk-1), duration (20-60 min), and intensity (50-85% of maximal oxygen uptake) of the exercise recommended to achieve this effect are generally the same as those prescribed for developing and maintaining cardiovascular fitness in healthy adults. Exercise training at somewhat lower intensities (40-70% VO2max) appears to lower blood pressure as much, or more, than exercise at higher intensities, which may be important in specific hypertensive populations. Physically active and fit individuals with hypertension have markedly lower rates of mortality than

  2. The virtual education of antidoping as a strategy to develop the culture of fair play in the Mexican sport: a gender study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Iván Gavotto Nogales

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to analyze the level of knowledge and awareness on doping among elite female athletes in Mexico in order to educate women athletes and training teams on fair play, through psychopedagogical actions that facilitate meaningful learning, preventing athletes from voluntarily or involuntarily using prohibited methods or substances. The main question that guided the research was: What level of knowledge and awareness on doping do elite female athletes have in Mexico? For the field research, we designed a questionnaire with 22 questions to explore the level of knowledge and awareness that elite athletes belonging to the State or National team sports of gymnastics, archery, and field hockey have. The answers show that not much is known about some aspects of doping, and this reveals the need for further education on antidoping programs. It is stated that this ignorance on the matter is a threat to athletes who may unconsciously use prohibited substances and methods in sport.

  3. Visions of Vision: An Exploratory Study of the Role College and University Presidents Play in Developing Institutional Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWade, Jessica C.

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative research explores how college and university presidents engage in the process of developing formal institutional vision. The inquiry identifies roles presidents play in vision development, which is often undertaken as part of strategic-planning initiatives. Two constructs of leadership and institutional vision are used to examine…

  4. Position of the American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and athletic performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Nancy R; DiMarco, Nancy M; Langley, Susie

    2009-03-01

    It is the position of the American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine that physical activity, athletic performance, and recovery from exercise are enhanced by optimal nutrition. These organizations recommend appropriate selection of foods and fluids, timing of intake, and supplement choices for optimal health and exercise performance. This updated position paper couples a rigorous, systematic, evidence-based analysis of nutrition and performance-specific literature with current scientific data related to energy needs, assessment of body composition, strategies for weight change, nutrient and fluid needs, special nutrient needs during training and competition, the use of supplements and ergogenic aids, nutrition recommendations for vegetarian athletes, and the roles and responsibilities of sports dietitians. Energy and macronutrient needs, especially carbohydrate and protein, must be met during times of high physical activity to maintain body weight, replenish glycogen stores, and provide adequate protein to build and repair tissue. Fat intake should be sufficient to provide the essential fatty acids and fat-soluble vitamins, as well as contribute energy for weight maintenance. Although exercise performance can be affected by body weight and composition, these physical measures should not be a criterion for sports performance and daily weigh-ins are discouraged. Adequate food and fluid should be consumed before, during, and after exercise to help maintain blood glucose concentration during exercise, maximize exercise performance, and improve recovery time. Athletes should be well hydrated before exercise and drink enough fluid during and after exercise to balance fluid losses. Sports beverages containing carbohydrates and electrolytes may be consumed before, during, and after exercise to help maintain blood glucose concentration, provide fuel for muscles, and decrease risk of dehydration and hyponatremia. Vitamin

  5. Discussion on the Demonstration Leading Role of College Sports Teams and High-level Sports on the Sunshine Sport Activity%试论高校校队及高水平运动队在阳光体育中示范引领作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨瑾

    2013-01-01

    高校代表队及高运动水平队是高校体育工作的重要部分。该文分析了高校代表队及高运动水平队在高校体育工作中的作用,就如何发挥其示范引领作用,将其与阳光体育运动有机结合进行了讨论。%Colege sports teams and high-level sports teams are important parts of the colege sports works. This paper analyzed the role of colege sports teams and high-level sports teams in colege sports works, discussed how to play its demonstration leading role and combine them with sunshine sport activity.

  6. PRESENT TIMES SPORT MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Silvia GRĂDINARU

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to play as introduction for the sport management science, both as academic and professional major. The paper provides a broad overview of sport management rather than detailed instructions about how sport management is seen. The professional career in sport management should be built on a strong conceptual foundation. Sport managers who can think critically about sport – related issues will be competent, reflective professionals who have the potential to become influ...

  7. Relationship between aesthetic motivation and preferences for aggressive and nonaggressive sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wann, D L; Wilson, A M

    1999-12-01

    Two studies were designed to replicate the finding that people scoring high on aesthetic motivation, as measured by Wann's Sport Fan Motivation Scale, tend to prefer nonaggressive sports. Study 1 correlated 75 college students' scores on aesthetic motivation with their enjoyment of watching aggressive sports. Study 2 correlated 44 college students' scores on aesthetic motivation with their enjoyment of watching a series of aggressive football plays. Neither study replicated the previous finding that people high on aesthetic motivation tend to prefer nonaggressive sports, suggesting that the earlier finding was an artifact of the method used.

  8. A Comparison of Students in Physical Education and Sports College and the Students in Other Departments in Terms of Problem Solving Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Görücü, Alpaslan; Cantav, Erkan

    2017-01-01

    In this research, it is aimed to analyze the problem solving skills of university students in terms of different variables and to analyze the differences among the levels of perceived problem solving skill of the students of Physical Education and Sports College and other branch students. The sample consists of the university students from the…

  9. An Analysis of the Social Circumstances for the Development of College Competitive Sports%高校竞技体育发展社会环境分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建; 孙正

    2014-01-01

    高校竞技体育发展的社会环境在结构上主要包括物质环境、制度环境、人文环境。以安徽省、山东省具有招生资格的24所高校高水平运动队为调研对象,采用文献资料法、访谈法、数理统计法等方法,从影响高校竞技体育发展的社会环境出发,分析其所处优势和劣势所在,为高校竞技体育的可持续发展提供理论依据。%The social environment for the development of college competitive sports includes physical environment, institutional environment and humanistic environment structurally. Taking twenty four high-level college sports teams eligible to enroll students in Anhui and Shandong Provinces as the survey and research objects, this paper employs the method of literature, the interviewing method, and the mathematical statistical metod etc. to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of social circumstances for the development of college competitive sports to provide theoretical basis for sustainable development of college competitive sports.

  10. 浅析大学体育与心理健康%A Brief Analysis of College Sports and Psychological Health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊锦秀

    2013-01-01

    分析大学生的心理状况,阐述体育活动对促进心理健康的作用和措施。%This paper analyzes college students' psychological status, and expounds the role and measures of sports activities in promoting psychological health.

  11. Prospective Analysis of College Dragon and Lion Dance Sports into Community Sports in Jiangsu%江苏高校龙狮运动进入社区体育的前景探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何金

    2014-01-01

    Dragon and lion dance movement has a long history and a broad mass base , with a strong fitness , orna-mental, recreational and athletic.Community Sports is an important part of China ’s sports undertakings, directly related to the accounting for the vast majority of the country ’ s population of adult physical and mental health , physical fitness and well -being of living index .The accelerated college dragon and lion dance sports develop-ment, we must accelerate the process of socialization , dragon and lion dance movement into the community .Sur-vey shows that dragon and lion dance sports community sports in Jiangsu province little figure , from the point of view of universal health situation and existing problems of urban community sports analysis , discusses the universi-ty dragon and lion dance sports and community sports necessary and feasible .That both can learn from each other , complementary advantages , to achieve a “win-win”situation, and the organic integration of new ideas for college dragon and lion dance sports and community sports .%龙狮运动有着悠久的历史渊源和广泛的群众基础,具有较强的健身性、观赏性、娱乐性和竞技性。社区体育是我国体育事业的重要组成部分,直接关系到占全国人口绝大多数成年人的身心健康、体格健美与幸福生活指数。加速高校龙狮运动发展就必须加速其社会化进程,让龙狮运动进入社区。调查显示,江苏省社区体育中鲜有龙狮运动的身影,本文从普及全民健身的角度,对我国城市社区体育的现状及存在的问题进行分析,论述了高校龙狮运动与社区体育互动发展是必要可行的。认为二者能够取长补短、优势互补,实现“双赢”局面,并提出了将高校龙狮运动与社区体育有机结合的新思路。

  12. Teaching of Sport Appreciation Class in Ordinary Colleges and Universities%对普通高校体育欣赏课教学的若干思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏冬

    2012-01-01

    采用文献资料法、逻辑分析法和归纳演绎法对高校体育欣赏课的教学进行研究.研究显示:高校体育欣赏课的内容包括:体育竞赛;体育影视;体育表演和体育艺术等.开展体育欣赏教学应重视内容的选择和素材加工;加强师生间的互动与学生主动性的发挥;重视潜在功能的挖掘与评价形式的多样性.%The article used the methods of documentary, logic analysis and deduction to study the teaching of sport appreciation class in universities, The results indicated that the content of sport appreciation class included sport competition, sport film, sport show and sport artistic in ordinary colleges and universities. Sports appreciation teaching should pay attention to the choice of content and material processing, to strengthen the interaction between teachers and students and students'initiative, and pay attention to mining of potential function and the diversity of e- valuation forms.

  13. Hearing Their Voices: Asian American College Students' Perspectives on Sport and Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yomee; Hokanson, James F.

    2017-01-01

    Although Asian Americans are the fastest growing minority in the USA with over 18 million in population, and have a long history, they remain underrepresented in sport and physical education. As we are living in a world that is becoming more diverse and multicultural, it is important to learn about the cultural meanings and significance of sport…

  14. Single-Source Responsibility: An Innovative Way to Build College Sports, Fitness and Rec Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakely, Jim

    2013-01-01

    While schools wrestled with how to build a new athletic facility in the middle of a recession, Tufts University's Athletics and Operations Departments worked with a Massachusetts-based developer called Stanmar Inc. to devise a creative solution to designing, building and financing a new sports and fitness center in just under 24 months. Tufts was…

  15. Using Wheelchair Sports to Complement Disability Awareness Curriculum among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundberg, Neil R.; Zabriskie, Ramon B.; Smith, Kevin M.; Barney, Keith W.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a campus-wide intramural wheelchair sports program on attitudes toward people with disabilities. The sample consisted of 126 participants at a large, western university. A quasi-experimental pre-post design was used. Results indicated that there was a significant decrease in discomfort in…

  16. Colleges Leery of Cuts in Moneymaking Sports, Surveys Find; NCAA Council Eyes Few Reforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Charles S.

    1987-01-01

    A survey shows that officials at universities with big-time sports programs intend to reduce their spending on athletics, but are reluctant to make cuts in football and basketball. The National Collegiate Athletic Association is proposing only a few rule changes for their special convention in June. (MLW)

  17. Diamonds in the Rough: Examining a Case of Successful Black Male Student Athletes in College Sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bimper, Albert Y., Jr.; Harrison, Louis, Jr.; Clark, Langston

    2013-01-01

    Ailing academic performances of Black male student athletes have been an impetus for a search of recourse by the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Amid the volume of these academic underperformances, particularly in revenue-generating sports, there are Black male student athletes who achieve a level of success in the classroom that rivals…

  18. The role of the referee and his involvement in the promotion of fair play. Analysis and proposals of intervention in the context of University sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Prat Grau

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The figure of referees and their role in sports competitions have been the object of numerous studies, but few have analysed the role of referees from a more training based perspective. This article analyses the function of the referee in the area of university sports, based on the idea that the intervention of referees can help with the development of sportsmanship and fair play. The study examines the internal 7-a-side football league played by the Physical Activity Service (SAF at the Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona (UAB, and the research objectives are focused on analyzing the current reality of this group, detecting possible problems, and generating proposals for improvement aimed at seeking more educational refereeing. The instruments used are interviews, observation and document analysis. The results obtained reveal the need for referees to be trained pedagogically in the university environment; the establishment of ethical commitments that enable compliance with possible decalogues and codes of conduct; and the introduction of women to the refereeing collective.

  19. Tax Expert Offers Ideas for Monitoring Big Spending on College Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, Libby

    2009-01-01

    The federal government could take a cue from its regulation of charitable organizations in monitoring the freewheeling fiscal habits of big-time college athletics, a leading tax lawyer says. The author reports on the ideas offered by John D. Colombo, a professor at the University of Illinois College of Law, for monitoring big spending on college…

  20. Curbing Alcohol-Related Problems at College Sports Events. E-Fact Sheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The athletics season at colleges and universities is well under way, with college football games drawing millions of spectators. For example, Clemson University, with an enrollment of 17,000 students, is located in Clemson, S.C., with a population of approximately 12,000. But Clemson Memorial Stadium, which can seat more than 80,000 football fans,…

  1. The Causes and Prevention of Common Sports Injury of Candidates for College Entrance Sports Examination%高三体育高考生常见运动损伤产生的原因及预防

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王荣德

    2014-01-01

    通过对近年来柳江中学高三体育高考生常见的运动损伤进行统计分析,初步研究得出运动损伤产生的原因,试图找出预防措施,为体育高考生顺利考入大学的同时,也为教练员提供参考。%Through the statistical analysis of the common sports injury of candidates for College Entrance Sports Examination of Liujiang middle school in recent years , this paper preliminary finds out the causes of sports injury, trying to find out preventive measures to provide reference for the majority of students to pass the examination and for the teachers in PE teaching .

  2. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Appropriate intervention strategies for weight loss and prevention of weight regain for adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakicic, J M; Clark, K; Coleman, E; Donnelly, J E; Foreyt, J; Melanson, E; Volek, J; Volpe, S L

    2001-12-01

    In excess of 55% of adults in the United States are classified as either overweight (body mass index = 25-29.9 kg.m(-2)) or obese (body mass index > or = 30 kg.m(-2)). To address this significant public health problem, the American College of Sports Medicine recommends that the combination of reductions in energy intake and increases in energy expenditure, through structured exercise and other forms of physical activity, be a component of weight loss intervention programs. An energy deficit of 500-1000 kcal.d-1 achieved through reductions in total energy intake is recommended. Moreover, it appears that reducing dietary fat intake to obese adults should progressively increase to this initial exercise goal. However, there may be advantages to progressively increasing exercise to 200-300 min (3.3-5 h) of exercise per week, as recent scientific evidence indicates that this level of exercise facilitates the long-term maintenance of weight loss. The addition of resistance exercise to a weight loss intervention will increase strength and function but may not attenuate the loss of fat-free mass typically observed with reductions in total energy intake and loss of body weight. When medically indicated, pharmacotherapy may be used for weight loss, but pharmacotherapy appears to be most effective when used in combination with modifications of both eating and exercise behaviors. The American College of Sports Medicine recommends that the strategies outlined in this position paper be incorporated into interventions targeting weight loss and the prevention of weight regain for adults.

  3. The Olympic brain. Does corticospinal plasticity play a role in acquisition of skills required for high-performance sports?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Jens Bo; Cohen, Leonardo G

    2008-01-01

    Non-invasive electrophysiological and imaging techniques have recently made investigation of the intact behaving human brain possible. One of the most intriguing new research areas that have developed through these new technical advances is an improved understanding of the plastic adaptive changes in neuronal circuitries underlying improved performance in relation to skill training. Expansion of the cortical representation or modulation of corticomotor excitability of specific muscles engaged in task performance is required for the acquisition of the skill. These changes at cortical level appear to be paralleled by changes in transmission in spinal neuronal circuitries, which regulate the contribution of sensory feedback mechanisms to the execution of the task. Such adaptive changes also appear to be essential for the consolidation of a memory of performance of motor tasks and thus for the lasting ability of performing highly skilled movements such as those required for Olympic sports.

  4. Does playing a sports active video game improve object control skills of children with autism spectrum disorder?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Edwards

    2017-03-01

    Conclusion: The use of AVGs as a play-based intervention may not provide enough opportunity for children to perform the correct movement patterns to influence skill. However, play of such games may influence perceptions of skill ability in children with ASD, which could improve motivation to participate in physical activities.

  5. Present Situation Research of Local Colleges Carry out Outdoor Sports Course%地方高校户外运动课程开展现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    This article uses the literature material method to interpret the connotation and denotation of outdoor sports and curriculum system. Using investigation method, interview method and statistics method in outdoor sports course of Hubei institute of science and technology,from the basic situation, syllabus, outdoor base course construction and set up the project content and outdoor resources reserve four aspects of outdoor sports course in Hubei institute of science and technology this article has carried on the investigation and analysis,and on this basis to put forward suggestions for the construction of the outdoor sports course in local colleges,hoping to help improve the comprehensive quality of modern college students,with reference to further enrich the university sports curriculum system.%采用文献资料法解读户外运动及课程体系的内涵和外延。以湖北科技学院户外运动课程为例,运用调查、访谈和统计等方法,从课程建设基本情况、课程大纲、户外基地及开设项目内容和户外资源储备4个方面对湖北科技学院户外运动课程开展的情况进行调查与分析,并提出建议。

  6. 高校学生体育心理的分析探讨%Analysis of Colleges and University Students’ Sports Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐劲松

    2014-01-01

    Along with the reform and improvement of college education system,in the process of sports teaching in colleges and universities are paying more and more attention for students to grasp the sports psychology. Ensuring university students’ sports psychological health, enabling them to actively devote to sports,to obtain good health as well as set up positive outlook on life, is responsible for the cause of physical education teaching in colleges and universities.%随着高校教育制度的改革和完善,高校在探究体育教学的过程中越来越重视对学生体育心理的把握。保证高校学生体育心理健康,使他们能够积极地投入运动中去,获得健康体魄的同时也树立积极向上的人生观,是高校体育教育事业的责任。

  7. 高校教师运动友谊质量量表研究%Amendment on the Sports Friendship Quality Scale for College Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张园园; 曲庆梅

    2011-01-01

    Based on the study methods of literature,questionnaire,interview and mathematical statistics,characteristics of sports friendship quality of teachers in colleges is studied.The Sports friendship quality scale is revised by using principal component analysis.The results show that it is slightly different between college teachers and the adolescents in the quality of sports friendship.The friendship quality of college teachers has five latitudes,twenty-six entries.They are sports enjoyment and problem-solving,support and help,common beliefs,loyalty and intimacy and self-esteem.%采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、访谈法和数理统计等方法,以高校教师为调查对象,采用主成分分析对《运动友谊质量量表》进行修订.结果表明,高校教师运动友谊质量特征与儿童青少年的运动友谊质量特征略有不同,高校教师运动友谊质量共26个条目,分为5个纬度,包括运动愉悦与问题解决、支持与帮助、共同理念、忠诚与亲密、自尊.

  8. Treating and Preventing Sports Hernias

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Back to Healthy Living Treating and Preventing Sports Hernias If you play ice hockey, tennis or soccer, ... the most commonly misdiagnosed groin pain—a sports hernia. A sports hernia often results from overuse of ...

  9. Correlation of College Sports Industry Development and Talent Development%高校体育产业发展与人才发展的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁敬龙

    2012-01-01

    高校体育产业发展与人才培养之间存在着必然联系,为了更进一步地拓展和运用这种联系,必须要重视二者的融合。从体育实践体系的形成、实现课程体系的转变、培养发展高校体育产业的人才三方面进行融合对策运用,最终实现体育产业的可持续性人才战略发展。文章进行了高校体育产业发展与人才发展的相关性研究,并提出了体育产业发展与人才发展的融合对策,为高校体育产业发展提供了人才培养策略。%The development of sports industry and personnel training there is inevitable connection between, in order to further develop and utilize this connection, must pay attention to the fusion of the two. From sports practice system formation, implementation of curriculum system transformation, training and development of college sports industry talents three fusion strategies use, finally realizes the sports industry sustainable development talent strategy. In this paper the development of sports industry and talent development of related research, and proposed the development of sports industry and talent development integration strategy, for college sports industry development offerred talents strategy.

  10. Many Community Colleges in California Are Playing Catch-Up in Computing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Jeffrey R.

    1997-01-01

    In California, home of many computer companies, community colleges are having difficulty acquiring computers and training faculty to use them. Observers are concerned that high-technology jobs, vital to the state's economy, may have to be filled from out of state. However, level of technology varies widely by institution, and a few offer…

  11. What Role Should the Community College Play in the Field of Prison Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Davey L.; And Others

    To determine what is being done in a certain geographical area in providing educational services for prison inmates through the community colleges, education programs at the Federal Prison Camp, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, and the Federal Correctional Institution at Tallahassee, Florida, were studied. In addition, information about the…

  12. The Internal Audit Function: Playing an Expanded Role in College and University Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Sandra

    1992-01-01

    A survey of 90 colleges and universities found that 40 percent have internal audit departments. Information on auditor time allocation, salary ranges, departmental independence, and auditor roles and responsibilities was collected. A summary analysis by type of institution (large, small, research, nonresearch, public, independent, four-year,…

  13. Concussion Assessment in California Community College Football: Athletic Trainers' Strides toward a Safer Return to Play

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinn, Nancy Resendes

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed method study was to compare current practices of athletic trainers in the management of concussion in football at California Community Colleges (CCC) with the concussion management guidelines set forth by the National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA). The study also set out to gain understanding of why some athletic…

  14. Behind the Screen Where Today's Bully Plays: Perceptions of College Students on Cyberbullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paullet, Karen; Pinchot, Jamie

    2014-01-01

    This exploratory study of 168 undergraduate students examined the perceptions of college students about cyberbullying. The study focused on students' knowledge of the topic, opinions about cyberbullying, and personal experiences they may have had as either a victim or a witness of cyberbullying. Reporting of cyberbullying incidents was also…

  15. Behind the Screen Where Today's Bully Plays: Perceptions of College Students on Cyberbullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paullet, Karen; Pinchot, Jamie

    2014-01-01

    This exploratory study of 168 undergraduate students examined the perceptions of college students about cyberbullying. The study focused on students' knowledge of the topic, opinions about cyberbullying, and personal experiences they may have had as either a victim or a witness of cyberbullying. Reporting of cyberbullying incidents was also…

  16. "All Work and No Play..." Overcommitment and Personality among University and College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hetland, Hilde; Saksvik, Ingvild B.; Albertsen, Hanne; Berntsen, Linn Synnove; Henriksen, Astrid

    2012-01-01

    Students' traits, attitudes and behaviors can be a key factor in how they prepare for entering a career and later adapt to working life. Based on this, the aim of this study was to explore associations between personality traits and overcommitment among university and college students. Overcommitment (OC) is a pattern of attitudes, behaviours and…

  17. The Internal Audit Function: Playing an Expanded Role in College and University Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Sandra

    1992-01-01

    A survey of 90 colleges and universities found that 40 percent have internal audit departments. Information on auditor time allocation, salary ranges, departmental independence, and auditor roles and responsibilities was collected. A summary analysis by type of institution (large, small, research, nonresearch, public, independent, four-year,…

  18. "All Work and No Play..." Overcommitment and Personality among University and College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hetland, Hilde; Saksvik, Ingvild B.; Albertsen, Hanne; Berntsen, Linn Synnove; Henriksen, Astrid

    2012-01-01

    Students' traits, attitudes and behaviors can be a key factor in how they prepare for entering a career and later adapt to working life. Based on this, the aim of this study was to explore associations between personality traits and overcommitment among university and college students. Overcommitment (OC) is a pattern of attitudes, behaviours and…

  19. The Investigation Research about Sports Tourism Will for College Students in Hefei%合肥市大学生体育旅游意愿的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁占歌

    2016-01-01

    文章主要针对合肥市大学生体育旅游意愿进行了调查研究,结果显示合肥市大部分大学生均存在体育旅游的意愿,并据此提出了相应的建议。%This paper mainly aims at the investigation research about sports tourism will for college students in Hefei. The survey results show that:most students have the intention to take part in sports tourism in Hefei. In order to promote more college students to produce sports tourism opinions, it gives suggestions that include:active propaganda which let more students to know more sports tour⁃ism;free experience which let the economic difficulties students get sports tourism opportunity;strengthen the construction which build more and higher quality sports tourism destination.

  20. Analytical Survey of College Students' Participation in Sports in the Context of Sunshine Sports Campaign%阳光体育背景下大学生参与体育运动调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏勇

    2012-01-01

    By use of questionnaires, literature review, a survey and analysis is made of the status quo of college students participation in sports, the findings of which show that: students have inadequate knowledge of the sunshine sports campaign; students' motive of sports goes adrift with their sports acts with a far from satisfactory rate of participation; the lack of suffi- cient sports grounds and facilities, all of which have negative effects upon the smooth implementation of the campaign. Sugges- tions : to step up the publicity campaign of the sunshine sports ; to raise students' awareness of keeping fit ; to integrate the sun- shine sports ideology with the sports courses; to introduce the inner and outer class all-in-one club model; to invest more on sports so as to satisfy the needs of the out-of-class sports communities and clubs.%运用问卷调查、文献资料等方法,对四川省高校大学生参与体育运动的现状进行调查分析,结果表明:大学生对阳光体育运动认识不深,体育动机与行为脱节和参与频率较低,学校缺乏足够的运动场地和器材,这些严重影响了阳光体育运动的开展.建议:增强阳光体育宣传力度,提高大学生健身意识;将阳光体育的健身理念融人体育课程,实施课内外一体化俱乐部制模式;加大体育经费投入,以满足课外体育社团、体育俱乐部的需要.

  1. Analysis of Teaching Team Culture Construction in Sports Colleges%高等体育院校教学团队文化建设探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾友利; 范运祥

    2014-01-01

    At this stage in the development of sports colleges teaching team , there is a lack of spirit of in-novation , lack of teamwork.The construction of the team culture will contribute to the development of the teaching team in colleges and universities.From the role of the team culture in the teaching team con-struction in sports colleges , and in view of the status quo and the prominent problems of higher sports col-leges teaching team today , from three aspects including material , institutional and spiritual team , this ar-ticle explores the path of cultural construction of sports college teaching team.%在现阶段高等体育院校教学团队发展过程中,存在着创新精神不足,团队协作缺失等问题。团队文化的有序建设将有利于高等院校教学团队的发展,从团队文化在高等体育院校教学团队建设中的作用入手,并针对当今高等体育院校教学团队突出的问题,从团队物质、制度和精神三个层面探索高等体育院校教学团队的团队文化建设的路径。

  2. On the Application of Formative Assessment to English Teaching in Vocational Colleges of Sports%浅谈形成性评价在体职院英语教学中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林雅

    2011-01-01

    我们在探究如何提高体职院学生的英语教学效果的时候,不仅要注意教材、教法、工具手段,也应该重视评价方式。而形成性评价对改善英语课的教学活动效果起着重要的作用。本文以浙江体育职业技术学院的竞技体育专业的学生为范例,分析了如何在体职院的英语课堂上运用形成性评价的方式来促进学生参与各种课堂交际活动和小组合作活动的积极性。%When we are exploring how to improve the English teaching in Vocational Colleges of Sports,we should pay atten-tion not only to the teaching materials,methods and tools,but also to the assessment methods.And the Formative Assessment plays an important role in improving the effectiveness of teach-ing activities in English classes.In this paper,Zhejiang College of Sports is taken as an example to study the methods how to use the Formative Assessment to promote the students to be active in various in-classroom activities and teamwork.

  3. 探析南京青奥会对南京高校体育的推动%Analysis on Promotion of College Sports in Nanjing by Nanjing Youth Olympic Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦成生

    2015-01-01

    在社会经济的飞速发展和人民健康意识的不断加强的背景下,南京成功申报了2014年青奥会,本文运用文献资料法、专家访谈法、逻辑分析法等研究方法,从青奥会的教育理念和目标出发,对青奥会与南京高校体育发展的互动关系进行了研究,探讨南京青奥会效应对推动高校体育的积极作用。%Under the background of rapid development of social economy and continual strengthening of people’s health awareness,Nanjing successfully bade for the 2014 Youth Olympic Games.With methods of literature, expert -interview,logical analysis and starting from the educational concept and goals of Youth Olympic Games, the paper studies the interaction between Youth Olympic Games and college sports development in Nanjing to explore the positive role Nanjing Youth Olympic Games played in promoting college sports.

  4. PRESENT TIMES SPORT MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia GRĂDINARU

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to play as introduction for the sport management science, both as academic and professional major. The paper provides a broad overview of sport management rather than detailed instructions about how sport management is seen. The professional career in sport management should be built on a strong conceptual foundation. Sport managers who can think critically about sport – related issues will be competent, reflective professionals who have the potential to become influential agents of change. The sport management will face many challenges in the future, as examination of the ethics, social responsibility and principled decision making but in the meantime will offer opportunities towards society.

  5. Sport Management Survey. Employment Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quain, Richard J.; Parks, Janet B.

    1986-01-01

    A survey of sport management positions was designed to determine projected vacancy rates in six sport management career areas. Respondents to the survey were also questioned regarding their awareness of college professional preparation programs. Results are presented. (MT)

  6. Can Virtual Reality Increase the Realism of Role Plays Used to Teach College Women Sexual Coercion and Rape-Resistance Skills?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jouriles, Ernest N.; McDonald, Renee; Kullowatz, Antje; Rosenfield, David; Gomez, Gabriella S.; Cuevas, Anthony

    2009-01-01

    The present study evaluated whether virtual reality (VR) can enhance the realism of role plays designed to help college women resist sexual attacks. Sixty-two female undergraduate students were randomly assigned to either the Role Play (RP) or Virtual Role Play (VRP) conditions, which were differentiated only by the use of VR technology in the VRP…

  7. Can Virtual Reality Increase the Realism of Role Plays Used to Teach College Women Sexual Coercion and Rape-Resistance Skills?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jouriles, Ernest N.; McDonald, Renee; Kullowatz, Antje; Rosenfield, David; Gomez, Gabriella S.; Cuevas, Anthony

    2009-01-01

    The present study evaluated whether virtual reality (VR) can enhance the realism of role plays designed to help college women resist sexual attacks. Sixty-two female undergraduate students were randomly assigned to either the Role Play (RP) or Virtual Role Play (VRP) conditions, which were differentiated only by the use of VR technology in the VRP…

  8. College Students' Motivation for Physical Activity: Differentiating Men's and Women's Motives for Sport Participation and Exercise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilpatrick, Marcus; Hebert, Edward; Bartholomew, John

    2005-01-01

    Despite the many clear benefits of an active lifestyle, lack of physical activity is a significant health problem in the college population. A key issue in physical activity research is developing an understanding of motivation. Although physical activity takes many forms, most research designed to enhance motivation for and adherence to physical…

  9. Brain Harm May Last Long After College Football Players' Final Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to growing evidence about the potential long-term brain effects of playing college football, according to the authors. The study was published online Nov. 30 in the Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine . "Larger studies following these football players as ...

  10. 舞蹈对提高个人交际能力的价值分析%Dance Sport on College Students Interpersonal Skills in Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    权华

    2012-01-01

    Dance Sport combines the sports and arts, music and dance and it is a kind of elegant sports. It is one of the best means to exchange ideas and express feelings for college students. It is a silent body language and the product of advanced stage of the development of human dance movement. This paper will expounds the effect of sports dance on college students interpersonal factors.%体育舞蹈是集体育与艺术于一身,融音乐与舞蹈于一体的一项高雅运动.是大学生交流思想,抒发感情最好的表达方式之一.它是一种无声的形体语言,是人类跳舞运动发展到高级阶段的产物.本文将具体阐述体育舞蹈对大学生人际交往因素的影响作用.

  11. 基于共生理论的高校体育文化%College Sports Culture Based on Symbiosis Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈欢

    2012-01-01

    基于共生理论,通过对高校体育文化的共生单元、模式、环境的论述,阐释高校体育文化的共生现象,分析高校体育文化存在的现实困境,为打破体育文化在高校的局限壁垒,如何加强高校体育文化的实践与创新,加深对高校体育文化的认知,进一步推进高校体育文化的建设提供相应的理论依据。%Based on the symbiosis theory,this article illustrates the symbiosis phenomenon of sports culture in colleges and universities by elaborating symbiotic unit,mode and environment,and analyzes the realistic dilemmas existed in sports culture,so as to provide corresponding theoretical basis for breaking through the limits and barriers in sports culture,improving the practice and innovation,enhancing cognition to and further pushing forward the establishment of sports culture in colleges and universities.

  12. Position of the American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and athletic performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-12-01

    It is the position of the American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine that physical activity, athletic performance, and recovery from exercise are enhanced by optimal nutrition. These organizations recommend appropriate selection of food and fluids, timing of intake, and supplement choices for optimal health and exercise performance. This position paper reviews the current scientific data related to the energy needs of athletes, assessment of body composition, strategies for weight change, the nutrient and fluid needs of athletes, special nutrient needs during training, the use of supplements and nutritional ergogenic aids, and the nutrition recommendations for vegetarian athletes. During times of high physical activity, energy and macronutrient needs--especially carbohydrate and protein intake--must be met in order to maintain body weight, replenish glycogen stores, and provide adequate protein for building and repair of tissue. Fat intake should be adequate to provide the essential fatty acids and fat-soluble vitamins, as well as to help provide adequate energy for weight maintenance. Overall, diets should provide moderate amounts of energy from fat (20% to 25% of energy); however, there appears to be no health or performance benefit to consuming a diet containing less than 15% of energy from fat. Body weight and composition can affect exercise performance, but should not be used as the sole criterion for sports performance; daily weigh-ins are discouraged. Consuming adequate food and fluid before, during, and after exercise can help maintain blood glucose during exercise, maximize exercise performance, and improve recovery time. Athletes should be well-hydrated before beginning to exercise; athletes should also drink enough fluid during and after exercise to balance fluid losses. Consumption of sport drinks containing carbohydrates and electrolytes during exercise will provide fuel for the muscles, help

  13. Position of Dietitians of Canada, the American Dietetic Association, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and Athletic Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    It is the position of Dietitians of Canada, the American Dietetic Association, and the American College of Sports Medicine that physical activity, athletic performance, and recovery from exercise are enhanced by optimal nutrition. These organizations recommend appropriate selection of food and fluids, timing of intake, and supplement choices for optimal health and exercise performance. This position paper reviews the current scientific data related to athletes' energy needs, assessment of body composition, strategies for weight change, athletes' nutrient and fluid needs, special nutrient needs during training, the use of supplements and nutritional ergogenic aids, and nutrition recommendations for vegetarian athletes. During times of high physical activity, energy and macronutrient needs - especially carbohydrate and protein intake - must be met in order to maintain body weight, replenish glycogen stores, and provide adequate protein for building and repairing tissue. Fat intake should be adequate to provide essential fatty acids and fat-soluble vitamins, as well as to help provide adequate energy for weight maintenance. Overall, diets should provide moderate amounts of energy from fat (20-25% of energy); there appears to be no health or performance benefit to consuming a diet containing less than 15% of energy from fat. Body weight and composition can affect exercise performance, but should not be used as the sole criterion for sports performance; daily weigh-ins are discouraged. Consuming adequate food and fluid before, during, and after exercise can help maintain blood glucose levels during exercise, maximize exercise performance, and improve recovery time. Athletes should be well hydrated before beginning exercise; they should also drink enough fluid during and after exercise to balance fluid losses. Consumption of sport drinks containing carbohydrates and electrolytes during exercise will provide fuel for the muscles, help maintain blood glucose levels and the

  14. Joint Position Statement: nutrition and athletic performance. American College of Sports Medicine, American Dietetic Association, and Dietitians of Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-12-01

    It is the position of the American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine that physical activity, athletic performance, and recovery from exercise are enhanced by optimal nutrition. These organizations recommend appropriate selection of food and fluids, timing of intake, and supplement choices for optimal health and exercise performance. This position paper reviews the current scientific data related to the energy needs of athletes, assessment of body composition, strategies for weight change, the nutrient and fluid needs of athletes, special nutrient needs during training, the use of supplements and nutritional ergogenic aids, and the nutrition recommendations for vegetarian athletes. During times of high physical activity, energy and macronutrient needs-especially carbohydrate and protein intake-must be met in order to maintain body weight, replenish glycogen stores, and provide adequate protein for building and repair of tissue. Fat intake should be adequate to provide the essential fatty acids and fat-soluble vitamins, as well as to help provide adequate energy for weight maintenance. Overall, diets should provide moderate amounts of energy from fat (20% to 25% of energy); however, there appears to be no health or performance benefit to consuming a diet containing less than 15% of energy from fat. Body weight and composition can affect exercise performance, but should not be used as the sole criterion for sports performance; daily weigh-ins are discouraged. Consuming adequate food and fluid before, during, and after exercise can help maintain blood glucose during exercise, maximize exercise performance, and improve recovery time. Athletes should be well-hydrated before beginning to exercise; athletes should also drink enough fluid during and after exercise to balance fluid losses. Consumption of sport drinks containing carbohydrates and electrolytes during exercise will provide fuel for the muscles, help maintain

  15. Promotion of College Sports on College Humanistic Environment Construction%浅谈高校体育对构建高校人文环境的促进作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管慧香

    2011-01-01

    The colleges and universities humanity spirit environment has significant effect on world outlook, outlook on life and the outlook on values formation of college student, student'sulture has the important effect to youth. Sports comes from the human being cognition world, the practice activity changing the world , taking the health caring for, showing solicitude for person as ultimate aim, is that vigorous concentrating shows to the humanity. Colleges and universities sports have active significance on development of colleges and universities humanity spirit environment as a result. This paper has concentrated on having probed into sports and vigorous relation of humanity, and set forth and several method of work promoting the colleges and universities humanity spirit environment by developing sports.%高校人文精神环境对于大学生的世界观、人生观和价值观的形成具有重大影响,对于青年学生的培养具有重要的作用。体育起源于人类认识世界、改造世界的实践活动,以关心、关注人的健康为终极目标,是对人文精神的集中展示,因而高校体育对高校人文精神环境的发展具有积极的意义。本文重点探究了体育与人文精神的关系,并阐述了通过发展体育促进高校人文精神环境的几点做法。

  16. 高校健美操的训练方法和训练内容分析%Analysis on College Sports Aerobics' Training Methods and Contents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李亚

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, the colleges and universities sports bodybuilding exercises training method and the training content are discussed. The problems existing in the teaching and training are analyzed and summarized. The purpose is to seek a more perfect, scientific and suitable for China's college students' aerobics training system, so as to improve the China's colleges and universities sports aerobics exercises sustainable development of athletics level and sports aerobics professional.%采用阐述与实例相结合的方法分析目前高校体育健美操训练的状况,归纳其教学训练中存在的问题并加以分析和总结,寻求更加科学、完善且适合大学生的健美操训练体系,从而提高我国高校体育健美操竞技水平和体育健美操专业的持续发展性。

  17. Down, Set, Hike: The Economic Impact of College Football Games on Local Economies

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Baade; Robert Baumann; Victor Matheson

    2007-01-01

    This paper provides an empirical examination of the economic impact of spectator sports on local economies. Confirming the results of other ex post analyses of sports in general, this paper finds no statistically significant evidence that college football games in particular contribute positively to a host’s economy. Our analysis from 1970-2004 of 63 metropolitan areas that play host to big-time college football programs finds that neither the number of home games played, the winning percenta...

  18. Analysis on College Sports and Community Sports co-win-win Situation Based on the SWOT Theory%基于SWOT理论分析高校体育与社区体育联合共赢

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐坤

    2012-01-01

    本文运用文献资料法和SWOT理论,主要从人才资源和场地设施资源等问题对高校体育与社区体育联合进行探讨,提出优势、劣势、机遇和威胁,并依据现实状况和劣势、威胁提出相应的对策。%This paper,using literature review and the SWOT theory,mainly from human resources and site facilities resources and other issues,explores college sports and community sports jointly,puts forward the strength,weaknesses,opportunities and threats,and proposes appropriate countermeasures based on reality and weaknesses,threats.

  19. Sports nutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomanić Milena

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to higher energy consumption, physically active people have higher nutritional requirements. In addition to other important factors for sports, such as good health and physical predisposition, adequate nutrition is a fundamental component. Sports nutrition must be well planned and individually adapted based on physical characteristics, tendencies towards gaining or losing weight, frequency, duration and intensity of training sessions. Studies have shown that a well-balanced ratio of macro and micronutrients, with the support of supplements and adequate hydration, can significantly improve athletic performance and plays a key role in achieving better results. An optimally designed nutritional program, with realistic and achievable goals, which complements a well-planned training program, is the basis for success in sports. Only when nutritional requirements are met, deficits can be prevented and performance in sport pushed to the limit.

  20. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. The female athlete triad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nattiv, Aurelia; Loucks, Anne B; Manore, Melinda M; Sanborn, Charlotte F; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Warren, Michelle P

    2007-10-01

    The female athlete triad (Triad) refers to the interrelationships among energy availability, menstrual function, and bone mineral density, which may have clinical manifestations including eating disorders, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, and osteoporosis. With proper nutrition, these same relationships promote robust health. Athletes are distributed along a spectrum between health and disease, and those at the pathological end may not exhibit all these clinical conditions simultaneously. Energy availability is defined as dietary energy intake minus exercise energy expenditure. Low energy availability appears to be the factor that impairs reproductive and skeletal health in the Triad, and it may be inadvertent, intentional, or psychopathological. Most effects appear to occur below an energy availability of 30 kcal.kg(-1) of fat-free mass per day. Restrictive eating behaviors practiced by girls and women in sports or physical activities that emphasize leanness are of special concern. For prevention and early intervention, education of athletes, parents, coaches, trainers, judges, and administrators is a priority. Athletes should be assessed for the Triad at the preparticipation physical and/or annual health screening exam, and whenever an athlete presents with any of the Triad's clinical conditions. Sport administrators should also consider rule changes to discourage unhealthy weight loss practices. A multidisciplinary treatment team should include a physician or other health-care professional, a registered dietitian, and, for athletes with eating disorders, a mental health practitioner. Additional valuable team members may include a certified athletic trainer, an exercise physiologist, and the athlete's coach, parents and other family members. The first aim of treatment for any Triad component is to increase energy availability by increasing energy intake and/or reducing exercise energy expenditure. Nutrition counseling and monitoring are sufficient

  1. Study on Curriculum Strategy of Promoting College Students’ Sports Socialization%促进大学生体育社会化的课程策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜丽丽

    2014-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to reveal the traits and needs of physical education curriculum for students.The consult information may help the curriculums providers in choosing their adequate strategy and develop.It could creative a situation possessing both teachers and students.This study by means of physical education curriculum on the basis of the college sports curriculum characteristics and objective orientation,refer to the other trend of development of sports education,discuss the matters need to be aware of when finishing college sports curriculum,expect to help teachers adopt suitable teaching strategies,in order to meet the needs of college students to adapt to the social sports.%本研究借由体育课程的特性及大学体育课程目标定位为依据,参考各国体育教育发展的共同趋势,提出了体育课程存在的意义旨在使大学生获得体育学习的兴趣与能力,以便在离开学校后的社会生活中,能够实现自我体育教育,由此形成大学体育教育社会化的趋势。随后,讨论了在此趋势下完成大学体育课程所遵循的方法与原则,期望能够帮助教师采用适合的教学策略,以满足大学生适应社会体育的需求。

  2. 三亚学院大学体育课程改革理论框架体系设计研究%On the Framework Design of Sanya College Sports Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛耀; 施鲜丽; 魏增光; 郝艳龙

    2013-01-01

    The paper puts forward a new conception of college sports curriculum from the current situations and development trend of the college sports curriculum reform. It summaries the present situations and the existing problems of Sanya College sports curriculum, and combining with the education ideas and value orientation of Sanya College, and designs the idea of Sanya College sports curriculum, and then establishes a new framework for Sanya College sports curriculum reform.%  文章从当前大学体育改革的现状和趋势出发,提出对大学体育课程的新理解;总结三亚学院大学体育课程现状及存在的问题,结合三亚学院育人理念和价值导向,设计三亚学院体育课程理念,进而构建三亚学院的体育课程改革框架体系。

  3. Concussion in Winter Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Heads Up! Tool Kit Prevent Concussions Prevent Head Injuries Sports Safety Students Play Safe Youth Sports Safety Download ... — United States, 2001–2009 Nonfatal Traumatic Brain Injuries from Sports and Recreation Activities — United States, 2001–2005 ( ...

  4. Major international sport profiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Dilip R; Stier, Bernhard; Luckstead, Eugene F

    2002-08-01

    Sports are part of the sociocultural fabric of all countries. Although different sports have their origins in different countries, many sports are now played worldwide. International sporting events bring athletes of many cultures together and provide the opportunity not only for athletic competition but also for sociocultural exchange and understanding among people. This article reviews five major sports with international appeal and participation: cricket, martial arts, field hockey, soccer, and tennis. For each sport, the major aspects of physiological and biomechanical demands, injuries, and prevention strategies are reviewed.

  5. Do psychological factors play a crucial role in sport performance? – Research on personality and psychological variables of athletes in Hungary

    OpenAIRE

    Gyomber, Noemi; Kovacs, Krisztina; Lenart, Agota

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Contemporary research aims to investigate background factors that contribute to successful sport performance. Of these factors the psychological well-being and mental health status should be underlined that have gained a significant role, particularly in the frames of sport psychological counseling. The aim of the present study is to seek for interrelations of psychological variables and sport performance of young athletes, and to reveal what advantages might be ut...

  6. American College of Sports Medicine Roundtable on Exertional Heat Stroke - Return to Duty/Return to Play: Conference Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    stroke: a clinico -pathologic study of 125 fatal cases . Mil. Surg. 1946; 99:397Y449. 35. McDermott BP, Casa DJ, Yeargin SW, et al. Recovery and return...sub- sequent military retention and hospitalization (44). Although a recent epidemiological study of military cases suggested EHI may increase long...ulations (11,62), but approximately 50% of military EHS cases in basic training do not share these demo- graphics and should, therefore, be considered

  7. 基于90后大学生体育文化需求的高校体育文化发展特征与路径构建%The Characteristics of College Sports Culture Development and the Path Construction Based on the Post-90 College Students’Needs of Sports Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵厦

    2014-01-01

    By using research methods of questionnaire investigation, interview, literature, logic analysis, etc., and from the clear connotation of university sports culture and its relationship with college students’needs of sports culture, the author of this paper thinks that the post-90 students’needs of the sports culture reflect the fact that the core values of their needs are converted to the health of body and mind, that the mainstream trend of their needs is their craze for exotic culture, that their participation methods are in line with consumption culture and that their needs’information way highlights the application of the new media technology. The author also finds out that the current development characteristics of college sports culture are indicative of the intrinsic alienation of sports culture value, the self-loss of sports culture, the lagging consumption market of sports culture, and the poor information of sports culture. Besides, the paper points out the construction path for the current innovation of college sports culture.%运用问卷调查、访问调查、文献资料、逻辑分析等研究方法,从明晰高校体育文化内涵及其与大学生体育文化需求的关系入手,认为90后大学生的体育文化需求表现为需求的核心价值正在向“身心健康”转变、需求的主流趋势是对外来文化的风靡、需求的参与方式呈现与消费文化的接轨、需求的信息途径凸显新媒体技术的运用;当前高校体育文化发展特征表现为体育文化价值观念本质异化、体育文化的“自我迷失”、体育文化消费市场滞后、体育文化信息不畅;指出了当前高校体育文化创新构建的路径。

  8. 大学生参与课余体育的瓶颈问题%"Bottleneck" Research on College Students' Participating in Extracurricular Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌青东

    2012-01-01

    Extracurricular sports are the key ensurance of improving the physical fitness of college students.Based on the subjective cognition and participating degree of college students and starting from the social factors,family factors and school factors which influence students' physique,this paper will study on the reasons of the decline of college students' physical fitness in order to solve the problems.%课余体育是大学生身体素质提高的关键保障.本研究从大学生对课余体育的主观认识和参与程度,以及影响学生体质的社会因素、家庭因素、学校因素等维度出发,探讨大学生身体素质下降的原因,以便"对症下药".

  9. 浅谈体育教学对大学生心理健康的影响%Discussion on Effect of Sports Teaching on College Students' Mental Health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊晓仑

    2011-01-01

    We should constantly update education idea. change teaching method, and actively promote mental health education of college students,strengthen college students' level of mental health in sports teaching. The paper discusses the effect of sports teaching on college studens' mental health and reason, puts forward the promoting ways of college students' mental health in sports teaching.%在体育教学中不断更新教育观念,改变教学方法,积极促进大学生心理健康教育,增强大学生心理健康.本文论述了体育教学对大学生心理健康的影响及原因,提出了在体育教学中促进大学生心理健康的途径.

  10. 关于高校体育健美操课的教学分析%College Sports Aerobics Course Teaching Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李燕妮

    2014-01-01

    健美操教学是高校体育课程中的一项重要内容。健美操融合了人体美学、运动美学、视觉审美、文化内涵、精神面貌等诸多元素于一体,是综合展现现代大学生精神面貌和运动情怀的重要方式。在高校体育健美操教学课程中,如何更好地激发学生对健美操的热爱,发掘健美操的艺术潜力,提升学生的艺术修养是难点问题,也是重点问题。本文围绕这方面的内容开展探讨,对改进教学方法,提高教学效率做出实际指导。%College aerobics teaching is an important part of college sports curriculum. Aerobics blend of human aesthetics, aesthetic movement, visual aesthetics, culture, spirit, and many other elements in the body, is an important way to show the modern comprehensive college sports spirit and feelings. In college sports aerobics tutorial, how to better motivate students to love aerobics, aerobics explore the artistic potential, improve students' artistic accomplishment is a difficult issue, but also key issues. This paper focuses on the content of this field carried out to explore, to improve teaching methods to improve tea-ching efficiency make practical guidance.

  11. Research on Fusion of Line Dance and College Sports Dance Teaching%排舞与高校体育舞蹈融合教学的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗林; 韩孟孟; 朱赛

    2014-01-01

    By using the method of literature material , logic reasoning method , comparative analysis and other research methods, this paper explains the characteristics and functions of line dancing , and university sports dance .Combined with teaching practice , the public physical education in colleges and universities dance with the integration of sports dance teaching is analyzed .It puts forward the line dance with the integration of sports dance teaching can help to enrich learning content , active classroom atmosphere , improve students 'classroom enthusiasm, train students'lifelong sports consciousness , and thus improve the quality of teaching .%运用文献资料法、逻辑推理法、比较分析法等研究方法,对排舞的特点、功能及高校体育舞蹈的特点和作用进行了论述,并结合教学实践,对高校公共体育课中排舞与体育舞蹈的融合教学进行研究,提出了排舞与体育舞蹈的融合教学更有助于丰富教学内容、活跃课堂气氛、提高学生的课堂积极性,培养学生终身体育的意识,进而提高教学质量。

  12. Learning Through Play

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... play, such as using play dough, LEGOs, and board games. Toys such as puzzles, pegboards, beads, and lacing ... Building sets, books, bicycles, roller skates, ice skates, board games, checkers, beginning sports • Middle Schoolers and Adolescents: Athletics, ...

  13. Study on Investigation for Status of Interactive Development between Shaanxi College Sports and City Community Sports and the Countermeasures%陕西高校体育与城市社区体育互动发展现状调查及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦华

    2012-01-01

    This paper made an investigation on interactive status between Shaanxi college sports and city community sports, using questionnaire survey, mathematical statistics and logical induction. The results show as following: at present, it does not be made full use of Shaanxi college sports resources, the interaction between Shaanxi college sports and city community sports is scarce, and it is lack of active communication with college sports. Based on this, corresponding counter-measures are put forward.%文章采用问卷调查法、数理统计法、逻辑归纳法,对陕西高校体育与城市社区体育互动现状进行调查分析,研究认为,目前陕西高校体育资源存在着没有被充分利用的现象,陕西城市社区体育与高校体育互动偏少,缺少与高校体育的主动沟通.基于此,提出了相应的对策.

  14. 现代信息技术应用于高校体育舞蹈教学的研究%Research on the Application of Modern Information Technology to College Sports Dance Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖志艳

    2016-01-01

    The progress of science and technology of the current teaching produced great influence, aiming at the problems of application of modern information technology in sports dance teaching in Colleges and universities. With the help of Analy-tical Application of modern information technology on the value of sports dance teaching in Colleges and universities, and puts forward the corresponding perfect sports dance teaching in Colleges and universities in the application of modem information technology strategy, in order to optimize the quality of sports dance teaching in Colleges and universities, to improve the ap-plication of information technology in the teaching of sports dance in Colleges and universities.%科技的进步对当前的教学产生了较大影响,针对高校体育舞蹈教学中现代信息技术应用存在的问题,笔者借助于解析现代信息技术应用于高校体育舞蹈教学中的价值,提出了相应的完善高校体育舞蹈教学中现代信息技术应用的策略,以期优化高校体育舞蹈教学的质量,改善高校体育舞蹈教学中信息技术的应用情况。

  15. 体育院系高校健美操教学新体系的构建%Construction of New Gymnastics Teaching System in Sports College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海英

    2011-01-01

    Starting from the problems existing in current gymnastics teaching mode in sports colleges, this paper puts forward the gymnastics teaching new system of "integration of two bodies", combining with the requirements of current market development for students majored gymnastics and new situation of social sports development.%本研究通过对体育院系高校健美操教学模式现状存在问题的论述,结合当前市场发展对健美操专业学生的要求以及社会体育发展的新形式,提出了构建“二位一体”健美操教学新体系的构想.

  16. 对健身排舞引入高校体育课程内容的探析%Introducing Line-dance into Sports Education in College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟晓英

    2011-01-01

    高校体育课程改革要求丰富体育课程内容,要为学生提供较大的选择空间.健身排舞本身所具有的价值功效,恰恰符合课程改革的需要,对培养学生终生体育的意识、提高体育运动能力、促进个性心理的发展有着重要的现实意义.%The reform of physical education curriculum in college is to enrich the content, and provide a rich field of choices for the student.The value and effect of line-dance meet the requirement of curriculum reform, has important realistic significance to cultivate the life-sports awareness of students, improve the sports athletic ability, and accelerate the development of individual psychology.

  17. [Sports medicine in Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickhuth, H-H

    2005-08-01

    Sports medicine covers many different aspects, ranging from clinical specialties, such as internal medicine, orthopedics or pediatrics to physiology and sports sciences. The requirements for sports medicine evolve mainly from exercise physiology (elite, leisure and health oriented physical activity), orthopedics and traumatology as well as from preventive and rehabilitative issues. In the new German curriculum, sports medicine is defined as a subspecialty. Historically, sports medicine in Germany has a federal structure with a governing body (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Sportmedizin und Prävention). Due to these facts, University Departments of Sports Medicine (which vary greatly in size and performance) are either attached to Medical or non-Medical Faculties, such as Sports Sciences. In medical schools, sports medicine can be selected as an elective subject. However, the main part of teaching sports medicine is covered by Sports Science Faculties. In an international context, the strength of German sports medicine is its clinical orientation and close cooperation with the sport itself, especially high-performance sports. In the future, like in the Anglo- American countries, sports medicine in Germany will play a major role in health prevention and rehabilitation.

  18. Countermeasures and Current Situation of College Students' Sports Nutrition%高校大学生运动营养现状与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李倩

    2012-01-01

    运用问卷调查法、数理统计法和逻辑分析法对部分高校学生的运动营养应用现状进行调查,结果显示,当前大学生在体育锻炼与营养结合方面缺乏科学指导,健康意识淡薄,针对高校学生在运动与营养方面存在的问题,提出相应的解决措施,这对于增强大学生体质健康、促进大学生全面发展具有重要的现实意义。%It gives a research on the current situation of college students' sports nutrition by questionnaire investigation, mathematical statistics and logical analysis. The results show that students are short of scientific guidance in physical exercise and nutrition. To solve the problems of college students' sports nutrition, the paper putforward corresponding settlement measure, which has important and realistic meaning to strengthen the college students' physical health and promote students' overall development.

  19. 体育运动对大学生心理健康的影响研究%Influence of Sports on College Students' Mental Health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦永修; 邱小慧

    2013-01-01

    近几年,大学生的心理健康已经成为大家关注的问题。文章通过问卷调查等方法,阐述了我国大学生心理健康状况及体育运动对大学生心理健康产生的积极影响,同时提出运动对于促进大学生心理健康的方法,在一定程度上有利于大学身心健康的发展。%In recent years, people have been paying attention to college students' mental health. Through questionnaire survey and other methods, this article states the mental health situation of college students in China and the positive influence of sports on students' mental health. It also presents the method of promoting students' mental health with sports, which is helpful for college students' physical and mental healthy development.

  20. Research on Sports Activities Function in College Quality Education from Habermas Theory%从哈贝马斯理论看体育活动在高校素质教育中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱欣华

    2014-01-01

    根据哈贝马斯的“交往行为理论”,高校是对个体进行素质教育的最佳场所。体育活动有利于主体更好地实现民主、平等、对话等权利,在高校素质教育中具有不可或缺的作用。因此,以体育为中介,从体育活动的多样性、隐性层面的平等性、行为过程中的对话性和组织活动中的自主性等方面建立“交往对话”的教育模式,是高校素质教育实施过程中的一条有效途径。%On the basis of Habermas’Theory of Communicative Behavior,university is the best place to carry through quality-oriented education.Sports activity plays an indispensable role in quality-oriented education;it’s good for individuals to realize the rights of democracy,equity and communication.Therefore,it’s an effec-tive way in the process of college quality education implementation of making sports as an intermediary and estab-lishing a“dialogue education mode”as for the diversity,hidden level of equality,dialogism and autonomy in the process of sports activity.

  1. Historical roles played by sports activities of modern Chinese Christian universities and inspirations therefrom%近代中国教会大学体育活动的历史作用及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高晚欣; 王聪; 高嫡

    2014-01-01

    中国教会大学在主客观因素的共同影响下,十分重视学校的体育发展,成为同时期其他学校模仿学习的典范。尽管中国教会大学只在大陆存在半个多世纪,但是其在增强学生体质、培养体育精神、发展中国女子体育运动、加强体育交流等方面做出了重要贡献,促进了中国旧思想的转变,推动了中国体育事业的发展。我国当今的大学体育要以史为鉴,从教会大学中汲取经验,把中国的未来与体育锻炼联系起来,使中华民族伟大复兴的共同向往变为锻炼身体的动力;正确认识体育的重要作用,提高执行力;重视学生的身体状况,把卫生教育与体育结合起来;大力开发体育的德育功能,注重体育的陶冶情操作用。%Under the combined influence of subjective and objective factors, Chinese Christian universities valued university sports development dearly, had become a role model for other universities in the same period to learn from by imitation. Although Chinese Christian universities existed in mainland China for only half a century or longer, it made important contributions to such aspects as enhancing student fitness, cultivating sports spirit, devel-oping Chinese women’s sports, strengthening sports communication etc, promoted the changing of Chinese old ide-ologies, and boosted the development of China’s sports undertaking. For the development of university sports in China today, we should learn from history and the experiences of Christian universities, connect the future of China to physical exercise, turn the Chinese nation’s dream about a great renaissance into the power for physical exercise, correctly understand important roles played by sports, boost the power of execution, pay attention to students’ physical conditions, combine sanitation education with sports, vigorously develop the moral functions of sports, and value the sentiment cultivation function of

  2. University talents committed to public sports service--A Win-win strategy of marriage of college sports and community sports%高校人才致力于公共体育服务——高校体育与社区体育联姻的双赢策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐坤

    2012-01-01

      本文以高校体育和社区体育的联姻为背景,提出了双赢实施办法,对应用效果进行预期的分析,得出以下结论:高校体育和社区体育的联姻可以一举两得。其一得,可以有效缓解社区体育公共体育服务力量不足的问题,实现社区体育的科学、健康、良性的可持续发展;其二得,培养、提高学生的社会实践能力,为学生的实习、就业奠定坚实的基础。%  This paper takes the university sport and community sport marriage as the background, puts forward the measures for the implementation of a win-win situation, and analyzes the expected application effects, and then draw the following conclusion:college sports and community sports alliance can shoot two hawks with one arrow. On the one hand, it can effectively alleviate power shortage problem of the public sports service of community sports, and it also can promote scientific, healthy, benign, sustainable development of community sports;on the other hand, it can improve students' ability of social practice, lay a solid foundation of field trip and employment of them .

  3. Effects of Sports on College Students’ Mental Adjustment%体育运动项目对大学生的心理调节作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆然华

    2012-01-01

      联合采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)对我国大学生心理健康状况进行调查,通过分析不同心理问题大学生对不同体育项目调节作用的认知状况,探索新时期大学生心理健康教育工作中与体育锻炼融合的心理干预途径和方法,研究结果表明:不同心理问题的大学生对运动项目的心理健康调节作用认知状况不同,进行心理干预时应结合运动项目自身独特的心理调节作用给予区别对待。%  This paper, by using the symptom checklist, 90 (SCL-90), based on the survey of college students’ mental health in China and the analysis of the cognition of college students with different mental problems about the effects of sports on their mental adjustment, explores the approaches and ways of mental intervention which integrate physical exercise with mental health education. Results show that college students with different mental problems have different cognition of the effects of sports on their mental adjustment; therefore, different measures should be taken in mental intervention according to the unique effects of sports items on students’ mental adjustment.

  4. Independent College Sports and Healthy Curriculum System%独立学院体育与健康课程体系现状调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林少琴; 李明

    2011-01-01

    采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、访谈法、实地考察法和数据统计法,对我国部分地区50所独立学院体育与健康课程体系现状进行调查和分析。结果表明:独立学院体育与健康课程设置模式过于传统,缺乏灵活的机制;课程体系不够丰富;体育资源的紧缺,限制了部分选项课的开展;教师构成较为复杂,师资不稳定。虽然部分独立学院已经或者正在进行教学改革和课程建设。但各独立学院要根据自己的实际情况,制订切实可行的,既具有自身特色又有利于学生发展的实施方案。%By using the methods of documents, interview Survey, on-the-spot investigation, statistical method, investigating and analysis sports and healthy curriculum system for more than 50 independent colleges are carried ont. The results show: independent college sports and health curriculum model is too traditional, lacking flexible mechanisms; the curriculum system is insufficient; the sports resources scarcity has limited the partial option class development; the teachers team are unstable. The research also indicated that some of the independent colleges have courses or ongoing education reform and development.

  5. 高校体育新课标引发的若干思考%Some Thoughts on College Sports New Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗丽娜

    2015-01-01

    "Exercise is medicine", This is Europe and other developed countries have been vigorously promoting the phil-osophy of life, and has been implementing in which their education system, sports scores outstanding university students tend to be a priority scholarship winner. China's college sports with the times, with international standards, emphasizing the rela-tionship between sport and health, the Ministry of Education in order to promote students' physical health, physical education and health curriculum developed curriculum standards. By reading university Sports New Curriculum, on the reform direc-tion and measures in university sports, to explore the feasibility of how best to promote physical fitness of students through physical education.%"Exercise is medicine"这是欧美等发达国家一直大力推广的生活理念,并一直贯彻在他们的教育体系当中,体育成绩突出的学生往往是大学奖学金的优先获得者.目前中国高校体育与时俱进,能与国际接轨,强调体育与健康的关系,教育部为了促进学生体质健康,制定了体育与健康课程课标.本文通过解读高校体育新课标,思考高校体育课的改革方向及措施,探讨如何才能更好地通过体育课增强学生体质的可行性.

  6. Sport Specialization, Part I

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myer, Gregory D.; Jayanthi, Neeru; Difiori, John P.; Faigenbaum, Avery D.; Kiefer, Adam W.; Logerstedt, David; Micheli, Lyle J.

    2015-01-01

    Context: There is increased growth in sports participation across the globe. Sports specialization patterns, which include year-round training, participation on multiple teams of the same sport, and focused participation in a single sport at a young age, are at high levels. The need for this type of early specialized training in young athletes is currently under debate. Evidence Acquisition: Nonsystematic review. Study Design: Clinical review. Level of Evidence: Level 4. Conclusion: Sports specialization is defined as year-round training (greater than 8 months per year), choosing a single main sport, and/or quitting all other sports to focus on 1 sport. Specialized training in young athletes has risks of injury and burnout, while the degree of specialization is positively correlated with increased serious overuse injury risk. Risk factors for injury in young athletes who specialize in a single sport include year-round single-sport training, participation in more competition, decreased age-appropriate play, and involvement in individual sports that require the early development of technical skills. Adults involved in instruction of youth sports may also put young athletes at risk for injury by encouraging increased intensity in organized practices and competition rather than self-directed unstructured free play. Strength-of-Recommendation Taxonomy (SORT): C. PMID:26502420

  7. Analysis on Higher Vocational College Students Fitness Sports Consumption%高职院校学生健身体育消费现状的调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘雪钰; 顾伟农

    2012-01-01

    本文采用文献资料、问卷调查、访谈、数理统计等方法,对广东省五所职业技术学院学生的健身体育消费观念、消费动机、消费项目、消费水平及影响健身体育消费的因素进行调查,结果表明:高职院校学生健身体育消费观念较强,但消费水平较低,针对高职院校学生健身体育消费的现状从个人、学校、社会三个层面提出了指导性建议,旨在促进大学生健身体育消费的健康发展,并为高职院校体育课程改革、开发和培育大学生健身体育消费市场提供参考。%Through using the method of literature review, questionnaire, interview and mathematical statistics, this paper makes investigation on students' fitness sports consumption concept, motivation, items, level and fac- tors influencing fitness sports consumption. The result shows that higher vocational college students'fitness sports consumption consciousness and the concept of consumption is strong, but sports consumption level is low. Based on higher vocational college students" fitness sports consumption condition, from the aspects of personal, school and society, some instructional suggestions are put forward. The main purpose is to promote the college students fitness sports consumption of healthy development and provide the reference for higher vocational college physical education curriculum reform, development and cultivate the college students'fitness sports consumer market.

  8. The construction of College Campus Sports Culture From The Great ports View%大体育观视角下的高校体育文化建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吉丽慧

    2012-01-01

    This article from the great sports view and sports cultur econnotation sets out,with the method of literature as the main research methods,analysis of the current university sports culture construction present situation,and based on the great sports view,puts forward the construction of college sport culture way,thereby further enhancing the humanistic quality of University campus.%本文从大体育观和高校体育文化的内涵出发,以文献资料法为主要研究方法,分析了当前高校体育文化建设现状,并立足大体育观,提出高校体育文化建设的途径,从而进一步提升大学校园的人文素养。

  9. Evaluating and Selecting Sport Management Undergraduate Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuneen, Jacquelyn; Sidwell, M. Joy

    1998-01-01

    States that the accelerated growth of sport management undergraduate programs that began in the 1980s has continued into the current decade. There are currently 180 sport management major programs in American colleges and universities. Describes the sports management approval process and suggests useful strategies to evaluate sport management…

  10. 学习型社会视角下高校体育课程功能的新思考%A learning society angle of view of colleges and universities sports curriculum under the function of new thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘阳

    2013-01-01

    随着大学生个体生活环境、身心特点的变化,对待高校体育课程的价值需求以及体育运动内容需要不断创新与开发。从学习型社会视角对高校体育课程的功能及理念提出了具有开拓性与前瞻性的阐释,主要体现在:传播与发展体育文化的功能;促进大学生体育学习活动生活化的功能;强化提高大学生社会适应的功能。%With college students individual living environment , changes in the physical and mental characteristics , treat the value of college sports programs demand sports content requires innovation and development .Pioneering and forward -looking interpretation , mainly reflected in: the spread and development of sports and cultural functions;promote the learning activities of students 'sports life functions; strengthen students'social function and concept of learning social perspective on university sports curriculum adaptation functions .Hope to provide a useful reference for college sports curriculum reform and development .

  11. 大学生对体育课程选择的调查分析--以琼台师范高等专科学校为例*%Investigation and Analysis of College Sports Course Selection--Taking Qiongtai teachers college as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周军; 云颖; 王启明

    2013-01-01

      随着高校体育教学改革的深入,如何培养大学生正确的体育意识,使大学生在课内外都能养成自觉锻炼身体的习惯越来越受关注。本研究对大学生参与课外体育活动意识与体育课程选择的现状进行调查,剖析大学生“喜欢体育,但不喜欢体育课”的怪圈,为深化高校大学体育课程教学改革提供理论参考。%With the college sports teaching reform, how to cultivate college students' correct sports consciousness, and to make the students consciously exercise inside and outside the class has received more and more attention.This paper carries research on College Students' consciousness in extracurricular sports activities and sports curriculum selection status of the investigation, analyzes the college students"like sports, but doesn't like PE"odd group, and to provide theoretical reference to deepen university sports curriculum reform in colleges.

  12. The Active Role of Sports Modernization to the Psychological Health of Higher Vocational College Students%论体育现代化对高职大学生心理健康的积极作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋志华

    2012-01-01

    The talent of the 21st century should have three characteristics: a strong body, profound knowledge and sound personality. In order to meet the demand of social development and the intense market competition, the modern vocational college students, the pillars of the State and the builders of socialist modernization, not only need to learn professional skills and improve physical quality, but also need to cultivate healthy psychology. At present our country college students'psychological health is not optimistic, which Education institutions and the society pay attention to. There are a lot of measures to cultivate college students'mental health, and sports is a very important one. Sports play the active role in the psychological health of the vocational college students, boosting the self - confidence of students, tempering strong will, regulating mood, coordinating interpersonal, and promoting the all - round devel- opment of personality and the improvement of the overall quality.%当代高职大学生作为国家的栋梁之才和社会主义现代化的建设者,不仅需要学好专业技能、提高身体素质,更需要培养健康的心理,这也是体育现代化的目标,这样也才能更适应社会发展的需要和激烈的市场竞争。目前我国高职大学生心理健康状况不太乐观,教育机构和社会对此极其关注。体育现代化旨使学生在体育运动中培养健康的心理,体育现代化对高职大学生的心理健康有着积极的作用,有利于增强高职大学生的自信心,锻炼坚强意志,调节情绪,协调人际关系和促进人格的全面发展和综合素质的提高。

  13. On Sports Curriculum Design in Higher Vocational Colleges from the Talents Training Goal of Higher Vocational Education%从高职教育人才培养目标看高职院校体育课程设置

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨璠

    2014-01-01

    高职教育作为我国高等教育的重要组成,承担着科研开发和人才培养的重任。其中,人才培养是高校开展教育教学工作的出发点和落脚点。本文就高职院校的体育课程建设进行研究和分析,对我国高职教育的人才培养目标提出了一些看法和建议。%Higher vocational education is an important part of higher education in our country, which plays an important role in scientific research and talent cultivation. Talent cultivation is the basic point and objective to carry out education and teaching work in colleges and universities. This paper researches and analyzes the construction of sports curriculum in higher vocational colleges, puts forward some opinions and suggestions for development of higher vocational education in our country.

  14. Sports Season, Sports Bars

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ For foreigners in Beijing, the sports bar is a special place, a place to gather for watching matches and a place to feel the familiarity of home, while for some sports enthusiasts it serves as their second home.

  15. Racket sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayanthi, Neeru; Esser, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    Tennis may be considered a static and dynamic form of exercise with many well-demonstrated health benefits. Tennis has similar rates of injury to other individual recreational sports and junior competitive sports, without the catastrophic risk of contact/collision sports. Classifying tennis players into junior and elite categories versus adult recreational players may help in outlining volume of play recommendations, exposure risk, and types of injuries. Junior and elite players tend to tolerate higher volumes, have more acute and lower extremity injuries, and have more serious overuse stress injuries. Adult recreational players tend to tolerate lower volumes, have more overuse and upper extremity injuries, and more conditions that are degenerative. Many tennis players also develop asymmetric musculoskeletal adaptations, which may increase risk of specific injury. Tennis-specific evaluations may identify these at-risk segments, help guide preventive strategies including technical errors, and assist in developing return-to-play recommendations. Other racket sports such as squash, badminton, and racquetball have less data available but report both acute and traumatic injuries less commonly seen in tennis.

  16. 体育运动在大学生人际交往中的作用%Positive Role of Sports in College Students'Interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱金卫

    2012-01-01

    It is not be optimistic about the interpersonal interaction problem of contemporary college student,which causes great concern to the whole society.Sport activities have the characteristics of interpersonal relationships,promoting college students'interpersonal interaction mental health and development,providing the proper gregarious places and chances,and promotioning each emotion.Sport activities cultivate the good qualities of character,culturing the fair consciousness of competition,fostering and consummating the spirit of cooperation.%当代大学生人际交往问题不容乐观,引起了全社会的极大关注。体育运动在人际关系中具有的特征,能有效地促进大学生人际交往健康心理的形成和发展,提供适宜的人际交往场所与机会,加深情感,有助于培养良好的个性品质,增进公平双赢的竞争意识和团体合作精神的发展。

  17. Heads Up: Concussion in Youth Sports

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Learn More about the Brain and How it Works Order Free Copies of CDC's “Heads Up” Educational ... American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation American College of Sports Medicine American Medical Society for Sports ...

  18. Discussion on the Teaching Management in Colleges and Universities Sports%高校体育教学管理浅议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘翠萍

    2014-01-01

    伴随着“健康第一”和“素质教育”育人理念的不断普及,普通高校的教育改革与创新的不断深入,体育教育教学的课程、理念、教学理论实践也在不断地完善和创新。然而目前普通高校的体育管理现状并不乐观,出现评价过程不够全面、教师工作量大、设施缺乏等问题,最终导致大学生体质、健康持续下降。本文就普通高校体育教学管理的特点、内容和存在的不足进行研究,并提出一些改善的对策。%With the“health first” and “quality education” ideas of education popularization , the education re-form and innovation in college’s fatherly deeps, physical education curriculum, practice, and teaching theory are continuous improvement and innovation .However , the current situation of sports management in colleges and uni-versities is not optimistic, the evaluation process is not comprehensive enough with the heavy workload of teachers, lack of sports facility , and finally leads to students ’ fitness and health declining .Based on characteristics and content of college sports teaching , some measurements are put forward .

  19. Research on College Students' Sport Activities in Information Age%网络信息时代下大学生体育行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨娜

    2011-01-01

    本研究采用问卷调查法和数理统计法,分析和解释网络信息时代大学生体育行为现状。研究对象,以天津大学生为例。结果表明:网络信息时代大学生度过休闲时间的主要方式是依次互联网、聊天、音乐、读书和参加体育运动。建议:首先,进一步加强大学生网络媒介素养教育,帮助大学生对网络体育资讯有正确的分析和理解;其次,高校应加大校内媒介宣传力度,促进大学生参与体育活动。%The study used questionnaires and statistics,analysis and interpretation of college sports network behaviors of the infor-mation age.Study objects,Tianjin University,as an example.The results showed that: Information Age students spend leisure time is the main way to turn the Internet,chat,music,reading and sports.Recommendations: First,to further strengthen the network of media literacy education students to help students have the correct information for online sports analysis and understanding.Sec-ond,universities should increase the school media propaganda,promotion of students to participate in sports activities.

  20. 人格对大学生运动动机的预测研究%Research on Prediction of Personality on College Student's Sports Motivation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国权

    2015-01-01

    The prediction mechanism of personality on college student's sports motivation is analyzed by taking as samples of 345 students attending sports class for a general purpose, and the predictive model is established for personality score and sports score. The result shows that personalities such as responsibility, extraversion and easy-goingness can obviously predict one's sports motivation. Personalities differ in different types of people, and thus the prediction mechanisms differ. For example, the results for male students and extraversive female students in one-child-policy families are different from other types of people.%文章考察了人格对大学生运动动机的预测机制。选取渤海大学公共体育课各个专业的学生345人为样本,建立人格得分与运动动机得分之间的预测模型。结果表明,人格对运动动机具有显著的预测作用:责任感、外向性和宜人性是预测运动动机得分的主要维度。人格在不同人群中预测模型是不一样的,可能并不存在统一的预测机制:男生的运动动机得分受神经质的影响较大,外向性在独生子女样本中起较大的预测作用。

  1. Effects of Active Videogame and Sports, Play, and Active Recreation for Kids Physical Education on Children's Health-Related Fitness and Enjoyment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Han; Sun, Haichun

    2017-07-13

    The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of a Kinect active videogame (AVG) and the Sports, Play, and Active Recreation for Kids (SPARK) intervention in improving children's health-related fitness and physical activity (PA) enjoyment. A total of 65 students from both third and fourth grade in a rural elementary school participated in the study. The third graders (N = 29, mean age = 9.1 years, 10 boys, mean body mass index [BMI] = 20.1) were assigned to a SPARK physical education group, while the fourth graders (N = 36, mean age = 10.2 years, 15 boys, mean BMI = 20.3) were enrolled in the Kinect AVG group. The intervention lasted for 6 weeks, with each week including three practice sessions (∼40 minutes per session). All participants were measured on their health-related fitness by testing their performance in the 15-m Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER), curl-ups, and push-ups both before and after the interventions. Participants' PA enjoyment was measured immediately after the first and last session's practice. Various ANCOVA tests were conducted to analyze the intervention effects on the changes of health-related fitness performances and enjoyment while controlling for baseline values, gender, and BMI. Various MANOVA tests were used to examine the intervention effects on PA levels during three practice sessions. Participants in AVG group had greater improvement in 15-m PACER test (P < 0.001), as well as PA enjoyment (P < 0.05), than those in SPARK group. The AVG group generated higher light PA and lower sedentary time for three (P < 0.05 to P < 0.001) and two sessions (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001), respectively. In addition, the AVG group accumulated higher moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for the first session (P < 0.01), while the SPARK group generated higher MVPA for the third session (P < 0.001). No MVPA difference was found between groups for another session. A

  2. La cultura en juego: el deporte en la sociedad moderna y post-moderna The culture at play: sport in modern and post-modern society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Capretti

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El deporte constituye hoy un fenómeno universal de singular complejidad e importancia. En los últimos años las ciencias sociales han llegado a considerarlo hasta como metáfora de la sociedad entera. El propósito de este artículo es la búsqueda de nuevos recursos analíticos en la comprensión de los muchos escenarios que toma el deporte, tanto en la sociedad moderna como post-moderna. Se muestra la relación entre deporte y cultura para comprender cómo el deporte refleja los más amplios procesos sociales y cómo contribuye, a la vez, a modificarlos. La tesis central es que el deporte, en todas su manifestaciones, pone en marcha una dinámica en la cual las dimensiones micro y macro de lo social se compenetran en una práctica cultural llena de significados, cuyo estudio permite entender aspectos importantes de la sociedad.Nowadays sport represents a phenomenon of singular importance and complexity. In the last years, the social sciences have been looking at sport as a metaphor for the entire society. The aim of this article is to find new analytical tools to better comprehend the diverse scenarios that sport is taking under itself both in the modern and postmodern society. The article shows the relation between sport and culture in order to understand how sport reflects a wide range of social processes and how, at the same time, it contributes to modify them. The central thesis is that sport, in all its aspects, starts a dynamic in which the macro and micro social dimensions co-penetrate each other in a full of meaning cultural practice. Its study allows us to understand important aspects of society.

  3. Technology and Sport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Rasmus Bysted; Møller, Verner

    2015-01-01

    The relationship between sport and technology is close and can be both fruitful and destructive. Technology has a constitutive function in sport as it makes the activity possible and it can enhance performance as well as the sporting experience. The use of football boots is clearly more comfortable...... and effective than playing in bare feet in a game of football. However, sport challenges its athletes by demanding the employment of less efficient means rather than more efficient means in pursuit of sport specific goals. Therefore technology can potentially subtract from the sporting experience and even...... threaten the internal logic of sport. If as an example very efficient hail cartridges were allowed for use in double trap shooting it would reduce the skills required to excel at that discipline reducing its value for participants and spectators alike. The use of forbidden performance enhancing substances...

  4. Team Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and sports prosthetics, as well as expenses for training and competition. Disabled Sports USA offers nationwide sports programs to anyone with a physical disability. Activities include winter skiing, water sports, summer ...

  5. 高校民族传统体育专业教学改革%On College National Traditional Sports Professional Teaching Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆盛华

    2014-01-01

    民族传统体育专业教学是我国高校体育教学的重要组成部分。本文立足于我国民族传统体育专业人才培养与社会需求相脱离、高校学生理论基础较差、专业办学特色、传统教学优势不能充分显示等现状和问题,结合笔者多年教学经验,提出了宽进严出,创新教育理念,改进和优化课程内容,扩展高校学生实习渠道,引进最先进的人才培养模式,全面提升教师队伍的素质和专业水平等一系列改革措施。希望能为我国高校民族传统体育专业教学改革提供理论支持。%National Traditional Sports Teaching is an important part of college physical education in China. This article is based on our national traditional sports professional training and social needs from the theoretical basis of poor college stu-dents, professional school characteristics, the advantages of traditional teaching can not fully display the status and problems, combined with the author many years of teaching experience, proposed strict exit innovative educational concepts, improve and optimize course content, expand college students' internships channels, introduce the most advanced training model, to enhance the quality and professionalism of teachers in a series of reform measures. Hope to provide theoretical support for the national traditional teaching reform of physical education.

  6. Sport-related concussions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jéssica Natuline Ianof

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Traumatic brain injury (TBI is a major cause of lifelong disability and death worldwide. Sport-related traumatic brain injury is an important public health concern. The purpose of this review was to highlight the importance of sport-related concussions. Concussion refers to a transient alteration in consciousness induced by external biomechanical forces transmitted directly or indirectly to the brain. It is a common, although most likely underreported, condition. Contact sports such as American football, rugby, soccer, boxing, basketball and hockey are associated with a relatively high prevalence of concussion. Various factors may be associated with a greater risk of sport-related concussion, such as age, sex, sport played, level of sport played and equipment used. Physical complaints (headache, fatigue, dizziness, behavioral changes (depression, anxiety, irritability and cognitive impairment are very common after a concussion. The risk of premature return to activities includes the prolongation of post-concussive symptoms and increased risk of concussion recurrence.

  7. 高校公共体育舞蹈课程中形体训练的重要性%The Importance of Body Shape Training in Colleg Pobulic Sport Dance Class of Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵艳洁

    2016-01-01

    文章通过教学实践总结分析出高校公共体育课中体育舞蹈选修课形体训练内容的重要性,结合体育舞蹈与形体训练的缜密干系和形体训练的具体方法与目标,提出形体训练不但塑造高雅外化性的综合素质女性,并且对体育舞蹈课的讲授效果具有一定的辅助作用。%This paper, through the teaching practice, summarizes sports dance in public physical education elective course in colleges and universities about the importance of body shape training content, combining with the sports dance training of intense involvement with body shape and the specific methods and the target of training, puts forward that the physique training is not only elegant shape externalizing the comprehensive quality of female, and the teaching effect of sports dance class has some auxiliary function.

  8. The Influence of Nationality Traditional Sports Teaching on Psychological Health of College Students%民族传统体育教学对大学生心理健康的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋证远; 张新中

    2012-01-01

    通过运用文献资料法、访谈法、心理测试法、统计分析法、试验法,结合民族传统体育项目在体育教学中的应用,旨在探讨民族传统体育对大学生心理健康水平的影响,以期为提高大学生的心理健康水平和体育教学改革提供参考依据。%Through using literature and materials method, interview, psychometrics, statistical analysis method, experiment and the application of nationality traditional sports to physical education teaching, this paper aims to discuss the influence of nationality traditional sports on psychological health of college students in order to provide reference for improving psychological health level of college students and sports teaching reform.

  9. 大学体育的有限理性--基于组织社会学视角的解读%Bounded rationality of college sports--Based on the interpretation from the perspective of organizational sociology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈慧; 范峰

    2015-01-01

    从组织社会学视角,探寻大学体育现实困惑背后的深层次原因。“功利性”可量化成果与“道德性”制度化规范之间的博弈,影响着大学体育行动者的价值取向。大学体育行动者有限理性的复杂性与不确定性,将持续影响其行动决策。教师评价制度建设和市场需求的理性选择是重建大学体育核心价值秩序的重要力量。%From the perspective of organizational sociology, the authors probed into the deep down reasons behind realistic confusion about college sports. The gaming between “utilitarian” quantifiable achievements and “moral”institutionalized norms is affecting the value tendency of college sports executors. The complexity and uncertainty of bounded rationality of college sports executors will continue to affect their action decision making. Teacher evaluation system construction and rational choosing of market demands are important forces for rebuilding the or-der of core values of college sports.

  10. 高校建立体育拓展俱乐部可行性探讨%Set up in college and university sports development to explore the feasibility of the club

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗代

    2013-01-01

      近年来新兴的体育拓展运动被高校体育课程引入,拓展运动打破了高校体育封闭教学模式,将课程扩展到社会和大自然中,拓展了体育课程的时间和空间,并且突破了原有形式,直接以体育俱乐部的形式开展体育教学活动,推进了高校体育现代化和创新了体育教学模式。因此,本文对体育拓展运动进行阐述,并分析了高校建立体育拓展俱乐部必须要性,进而提出了如何在高校体育中建立拓展俱乐部。%in recent years, the emerging sports movement by college sports curriculum is introduced , development movement broke the university sports teaching mode course closed , will be extended to the society and nature of physical education curriculum, expanding the space and time, and broke through the original form , directly to the sports club in the form of sports teaching activity , promote the college physical education modernization and innovation of the teaching mode of physical education .Therefore, this article on physical sports were introduced , and analyzed the universities sports club must , then put forward how to establish the development in university sports club.

  11. Sport Psychology: Myths in Sport Education and Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Joy

    2008-01-01

    From a sport and exercise psychology viewpoint, this article describes the increasing professionalization of youth sport and how many well-intentioned people are using misconceptions or myths to organize and administer youth sport programs. For example, professionalization has led to specialization and year-round training, while playing multiple…

  12. Sport Psychology: Myths in Sport Education and Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Joy

    2008-01-01

    From a sport and exercise psychology viewpoint, this article describes the increasing professionalization of youth sport and how many well-intentioned people are using misconceptions or myths to organize and administer youth sport programs. For example, professionalization has led to specialization and year-round training, while playing multiple…

  13. Sport-Based Youth and Community Development: Beyond the Ball in Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Jennifer M.; Castañeda, Amy; Castañeda, Rob

    2016-01-01

    Rob and Amy Castañeda, the co-founders of a sports/play-based youth and community development organization called Beyond the Ball (www.beyondtheball.org), cite the collaborative and dynamic nature of the TPSR Alliance as an important influence for their work. Beyond the Ball serves individuals between kindergarten and post-college, in the North…

  14. Exploring the Relationship between Homosexuality and Sport among the Teammates of a Small, Midwestern Catholic College Soccer Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Adi; Anderson, Eric

    2012-01-01

    Despite decreasing homophobia, openly gay male athletes are still rare in organized, competitive teamsports. In this action research, we explore two aspects of homosexuality and sport: (1) the effect of a gay male soccer player coming out to his teammates; and (2) the effect of having an openly gay researcher in the field. This is, therefore, the…

  15. Mathematics and Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallian, Joseph A., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    "Mathematics and Sports", edited by Joseph A. Gallian, gathers 25 articles that illuminate the power and role of mathematics in the worlds of professional and recreational play. Divided into sections by the kind of sports, the book offers source materials for classroom use and student projects. Readers will encounter mathematical ideas from an…

  16. Sports and Concussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... teams, you probably know that concussions are a serious issue. Playing sports increases a person's risk of falls and collisions ... it might happen on the sidelines during a game. Sideline testing is common in schools and sports leagues. By watching you and doing a few ...

  17. 上海市高校体育教育训练学研究生专项运动技能研究%Research on Professional Sports Skills of the Postgraduates Specializing in Physical Education and Training From Shanghai Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡泽勇; 郑鹭宾

    2013-01-01

    By using methods of literature,Expert interviews,Questionnaire and mathematical statistics,This article investigates and analyzes the professional sports skills of postgraduates specializing in physical education and training from Shanghai colleges. The result shows that:among the professional sports of the postgraduates,The number of three games played with small balls is the most and the overall professional sports skills are below average. At the same time few of them has targeted skill training and participates in sports competitions and the postgraduates think it hard to enhance the professional sports skills. The paper proposed some countermeasures to improve professional sports skills:We should increase the professional exercise class periods and strengthen the communicating and counseling of professional sports skills. In addition we should establish and improve the examination and evaluation system of the professional sports skills.%采用文献资料法、专家访谈法、问卷调查法、数理统计法就上海市高校体育教育训练学研究生专项运动技能进行调查与分析。结果显示:该专业研究生专项中,三小球人数居多;专项技能整体水平偏低,较少进行有针对性的技术训练,参加运动竞赛的次数较少;该专业研究生对研究生学习期间提高专项运动技能信心不足。提高专项技能的对策有:增加专项课程时数;加强专项运动技能的交流与辅导;建立并完善专项运动技能的考核与评价制度。

  18. 大学生体育明星崇拜行为的调查与分析%A Survey and Analysis of College Students' Behaviors in Worshiping Sports Stars

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海龙; 李贻明

    2012-01-01

      This paper, through literature, questionnaire, data statistics and logical analysis, makes a study of college students’ behaviors in worshiping sports stars, the purpose of which is to help college students develop healthy personality and correct value orientation. Results show that there is obvious gender difference in their worship for sports stars, and that most of the sports stars are male ones. Their worshiping behaviors are purchasing the sports goods endorsed by their worshiped celebrities, mimicking their sports action, and being fond of and participating in their sports items. The majority of college students think that proper worshiping behaviors do no harm to them; instead, they can motivate them, make their intense learning life relaxed, and help them participate in an item to enhance sports awareness. College students with no worship for sports stars generally hold approving or indifferent attitude, and they usually do not like sports.%  通过文献资料、问卷调查、数据统计和逻辑分析等方法,对大学生体育明星崇拜行为进行了调查,旨在为帮助大学生形成健康人格和正确的价值取向。调查表明:大学生体育明星崇拜现象有着很明显的性别差异,崇拜的男体育明星居多。大学生体育明星崇拜产生的行为有购买其代言的体育用品、模仿其体育动作和喜欢其体育项目并参与。大学生多数认为适量的崇拜行为没有害处,可以激励自己,放松紧张的学习生活,使自己参与到某一个体育项目和增强体育意识。没有体育明星崇拜的大学生对这一现象一般持认同或无所谓的态度,这些人对体育也不是太热爱。

  19. 关于高校体育开放式教学方法的研究%Study on Open Teaching Methods of College Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢香榴

    2012-01-01

    With the rapid development of modern education,career,stressed the prominent "people-oriented" approach to development,to provide students with a wider space for development,and fully mobilize the enthusiasm of the students in the the sports classroom teaching process in the classroom teaching of college sports.Open teaching methods created in the school classroom teaching,in line with the modern needs of the development of education,there is a certain necessity.This paper analyzes the importance of open teaching method of classroom teaching,as well as in the sports classroom teaching in the use of the advantages of open teaching methods to further explore the development direction of open teaching in universities.%随着现代化教育事业的快速发展,在高校体育的课堂教学中强调突出"以人为本"的发展方针,为学生提供更宽的发展空间,充分调动学生在体育课堂教学的过程中的积极性。因此,在学校的课堂教学中创建开放式教学方法,符合现代教育事业的发展需求,有着一定的必要性。本文分析了开放式教学方法对课堂教学的重要性,以及在体育课堂教学中运用开放式教学方法的优势,对开放式教学在高校中的发展方向做了进一步的探究。

  20. 高校体育舞蹈教学效果综合评价浅析%Comprehensive Evaluation on College Sports Dance Teaching Effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧岳山

    2014-01-01

    文章对各高校体育舞蹈的教学现状进行分析,并通过构建教学效果评价体系的原则和教学评价的设计进行评价,旨在为各高校进一步提高舞蹈教学效果的综合水平提供借鉴。%This paper analyzes the current situation of sports dance teaching in colleges and universities , and the principle of through building the appraisal system of teaching effect and teaching evaluation to evaluate the design , aiming at universities to further improve the comprehensive level of dance teaching effect .

  1. 大学生休闲体育服务体系构建研究%Study on the construction of College Students' leisure sports service system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔谦

    2014-01-01

    休闲体育活动作为当代大学生的休闲生活方式,其自由性和休闲性不仅丰富了大学生的课余生活,促进大学生的身心健康发展,也一定程度上提高了大学生的休闲生活质量,帮助大学生形成健康的休闲生活理念。%Leisure sports activities as the contemporary university student leisure life style,its freedom and leisure not only enrich extracurricular life of college students,and promote physical and mental health of university students,but also to a certain extent,improve the quality of leisure life of university students,help students to form healthy leisure lifestyle.

  2. 体育院校篮球裁判CAI课件的研制%Development of sports college basketball referee CAI courseware

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮长庆

    2014-01-01

    随着社会经济的不断发展进步,多媒体、网络等技术也得到了迅速普及。在体育院校篮球裁判教学中中应用CAI课件也成为潮流趋势。CAI课件作为一种辅助教学手段,集图像、动画、声音以及文本为一体。%With the development of society economy, multimedia,network technology has been the rapid popularization.Application of CAI courseware in the basketball referee teaching in the sports colleges and universities has become a trend. CAI courseware as an auxiliary means of teaching,image,animation,sound and text as a whole.

  3. Exploration on Course Teaching of Developing Outward Bound of College Sports%高校体育开展拓展训练课程教学探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宗有智; 常同礼; 秦翌雨

    2011-01-01

    Outward bound is different from study method and training way of traditional teaching. It is not a simple combination of sports and entertainment. Its essence is a kind of education mode of taking a physical activity as the carrier, taking the psychological experience as a means, also reflects and extends social function of sports. Penetrating the outward bound into outward bound course, it not only enriches the teaching content and also achieves the purpose of outward bound, which is the effective way of college quality education.%拓展训练是一种有别于传统教学的学习方法和训练方式.它不是简单的体育加娱乐,其本质是一种以身体活动为载体,以心理体验为手段的教育模式,也是体育社会功能的体现和延伸.在高校体育教学中融入拓展训练课程,既充实了教学内容又达到了拓展训练的目的,是高校素质教育的有效途径.

  4. On the mode of leisure sports education in Colleges and Universities%高校休闲体育教育模式探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段青

    2016-01-01

    The interest of leisure sports college students during the period of school culture is an important way to realize the lifelong physical education and their health problems that cannot be ignored, this relationship to the country, and social development. Therefore, we need to take some measures to attract them to participate in physical exercise, mainly the weekend leisure travel, class leisure travel, holiday leisure travel to attract them, to do vigorous publicity, mufti-faceted to raise funds to improve their leisure sports interest.%大学生在校期间对休闲体育的兴趣培养是实现终身体育的重要途径,他们的健康问题不能忽视,这关系到整个国家、社会的发展问题,因此我们要采取一些错施来吸引他们参加体育锻炼,主要以周末休闲游、班级休闲游、假期休闲游来吸引他们,大力做宣传、多方位的筹集资金等来提高他们的休闲体育兴趣。

  5. Function of Outward Bound Sports in College Physical Education Teaching%拓展训练在大学体育教学中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤敏

    2015-01-01

    With the development of society,the need of talent has become diverse,college education,as the important base for cultivating talents have to change.The physical education reform in colleges and universities is the reform a priority;many universities have taken the club teaching,outward bound training teaching mode of physical education teaching.Outward bound training teaching is a new,different from the traditional sports teaching.This paper briefly discusses the origin and the development,outward bound of training content and classification basis,analysis of China's college physical education to expand training teaching mode is feasible, focuses on the study of outward bound in college physical education teaching.%随着社会的发展,人才的需要也变得多样化,高校作为教育、培养人才的重要基地纷纷进行着变革。其中体育教育的改革是高校改革的一个重点,很多高校采取了俱乐部教学、拓展训练教学等模式的体育教学。其中拓展训练教学是一项新型的、不同于传统体育教学的开放式教学。本文在简单论述了拓展训练的起源与发展、内容与分类的基础上,分析了我国高校体育教育采取拓展训练教学方式的可行性,重点探究拓展训练在大学体育教学中的重要作用。

  6. 高职院校学生体育素养形成的对策初探%Preliminary study on the countermeasures of higher vocational college students sports qualities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芬

    2011-01-01

    Higher vocational college students have different characteristics from regular institutions of higher learning,and physical education in higher vocational colleges has its own particularities.In order to point to do higher vocational colleges students′ sports work well,we must pay attention to the cultivation of the students′ physical quality,and in practice of strengthening the students′ sports consciousness and for the cultivation of sports habits,paying great attention to strengthen the psychological counseling and counseling of students.By combining the character of higher vocational college students,this paper expounds the ways and means of cultivating higher vocational college students′ sports attainments to promote the development of school physical education in higher vocational colleges for students ′ lifelong service.%高职院校学生具有与普通高校学生不同的特点,高职院校的体育工作也有其自身的特殊性。为了有针对性地做好高职院校学生的体育工作,必须注重学生体育素养的培养,并在实践环节中加强对学生的体育意识和体育习惯的培养,注重对学生加强心理咨询和辅导等。通过结合高职院校学生的特点,阐述培养高职院校学生体育素养的方法和途径,以期促进高职院校的学校体育发展,为学生终身体育服务。

  7. Study on the Sports Intervention Strategies for Internet Addiction Disorder of College Students%网络成瘾大学生体育运动干预策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周次保; 刘怀金; 龙林

    2012-01-01

    According to the induced factors of college students'internet addiction disorder (IAD) and it' s characteristics, this paper constructs 3D sports model of the family sports, school sports, and the community sports based on IAD type and degree of college students, sports intervention strategies to prevent the formation of addiction and help those who have become IAD kick the addiction.%针对诱发大学生网络成瘾的因素和特征,根据大学生网络成瘾类型及程度,构建家庭体育、学校体育、社区体育三维一体的体育运动模式,开展以学校体育为主、家庭体育和社区体育为辅的体育活动干预大学生网络成瘾,旨在预防网瘾的形成和帮助网络成瘾大学生改善乃至戒除网瘾。

  8. The System Study of College Sports Industry Based on SWOT Analysis%基于SWOT分析的高校体育产业发展体制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶平; 马勇

    2008-01-01

    By the method of systems analysis and related theory of sports management.The paper analyzes the interior factors of college sports industry based on the method of SWOT analysis. It includes: Srtengths, Weakness,Opportunities and Threats.The analysis shows the muddled system of college sports industry is the key factor which restricts its development. At last,the paper sets a college sports development system model based on our pracical condition.%采用系统分析的方法,借助体育管理学的相关原理,以SWOT分析方法为媒介对高校体育产业的内部因素,包括优势因素、弱势因素、机遇因素和威胁因素进行系统分析;分析中发现高校体育产业发展体制的混乱是制约其发展的关键因素,继而建立了适合我国实际情况的高校体育产业发展体制模式.期望在体育产业蓬勃发展的大好背景下,为高校体育产业的发展提供参考依据.

  9. Analysis and Development Strategy of Sports Tourism Behavior of College Students in Fuzhou%福州市大学生体育旅游行为分析与发展对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶清; 兰峰

    2015-01-01

    Sports tourism as a new kind of tourism, has been paid attentions by more and more people. College students involved in sports tourism are very important consumer groups, college students sports tourism in Fuzhou has features that the overall level of consumption is not high,they like traveling together, prefer for leisure education tourism products. To develop the college students sports tourism in Fuzhou, we should pay attention to the development of targeted tourism products, strengthen the awareness of publicity and enhance the establishment of a sound legal and regulatory system.%体育旅游作为一种新的旅游方式,得到了越来越多的人的关注,大学生是参与体育旅游十分重要的消费群体,福州市大学生体育旅游具有消费水平总体不高,喜欢结伴出游,偏好休闲型体育旅游产品等特征。大力发展福州市大学生体育旅游应注意开发有针对性的旅游产品,加强宣传提高意识,建立健全法律法规制度。

  10. 普通高校传统养生体育课程开发及优化对策研究%Research on the Development and Optimization Strategies of Traditional Health Sports Courses in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘苏

    2014-01-01

    传统养生体育课程在高校的开设具有重要的价值,能满足大学生多样化选课需求,丰富体育课程内容;能增强大学生终身锻炼的技能和意识;促进传统养生体育学的现代发展和传承;更有利于提高大学生传统文化素养,弘扬民族体育养生文化。通过普通高校传统养生体育课程存在的问题的分析,提出了体育教育主管部门要全面正确地把握传统养生体育观,对传统养生体育内容体系的现代化改造,对传统养生体育课程体系进行建构的开发及优化对策。%Traditional health university sports curriculum has opened an important value, to meet the needs of college enrollment diverse, rich sports curriculum; college lifelong exercise can enhance the skills and awareness; promotion of traditional sports and health development of modern science and heritage; more conducive enhance the traditional university student literacy, promote national sports culture of health. By analyzing the traditional health college PE course the problems put forward by the competent departments of physical education to fully grasp the correct concept of traditional health sports for sports content to modernize traditional health system, the traditional health system for physical education curriculum development and construction optimization Strategies.

  11. A SPORTS FESTIVAL IN NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Departments of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Pathology, *Rest0rative Dentistry, College of Medical .... sustained multiple injuries of tooth avulsion, tooth fracture and .... a German study could not associate physical fitness and sports-.

  12. Sports Specialization, Part II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myer, Gregory D.; Jayanthi, Neeru; DiFiori, John P.; Faigenbaum, Avery D.; Kiefer, Adam W.; Logerstedt, David; Micheli, Lyle J.

    2016-01-01

    Context: Many coaches, parents, and children believe that the best way to develop elite athletes is for them to participate in only 1 sport from an early age and to play it year-round. However, emerging evidence to the contrary indicates that efforts to specialize in 1 sport may reduce opportunities for all children to participate in a diverse year-round sports season and can lead to lost development of lifetime sports skills. Early sports specialization may also reduce motor skill development and ongoing participation in games and sports as a lifestyle choice. The purpose of this review is to employ the current literature to provide evidence-based alternative strategies that may help to optimize opportunities for all aspiring young athletes to maximize their health, fitness, and sports performance. Evidence Acquisition: Nonsystematic review with critical appraisal of existing literature. Study Design: Clinical review. Level of Evidence: Level 4. Conclusion: Based on the current evidence, parents and educators should help provide opportunities for free unstructured play to improve motor skill development and youth should be encouraged to participate in a variety of sports during their growing years to influence the development of diverse motor skills. For those children who do choose to specialize in a single sport, periods of intense training and specialized sport activities should be closely monitored for indicators of burnout, overuse injury, or potential decrements in performance due to overtraining. Last, the evidence indicates that all youth should be involved in periodized strength and conditioning (eg, integrative neuromuscular training) to help them prepare for the demands of competitive sport participation, and youth who specialize in a single sport should plan periods of isolated and focused integrative neuromuscular training to enhance diverse motor skill development and reduce injury risk factors. Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy (SORT): B. PMID

  13. 大学生体育成绩与自我效能感的相关研究%On the Relation between College Students' Sport Achievements and Self-efficacy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志喜; 王良民

    2011-01-01

    Through methods of literature review,questionnaire,data statistics and logic reasoning,the paper analyzed and discussed the characteristics of college students' self-efficacy and the correlation between self-efficacy and sports achievements by studying 300 college students.The result of the research shows: Self-efficacy has positive correlation with sports achievements,and students with sports excellence have higher level of self-efficacy than the students with average sports performance;male students perform better in sports and have higher level of self-efficacy than female students;the categories of universities have no significant influence on self-efficacy and sports achievements.The result of regression equation shows that the five factors affecting college student's self-efficacy are sorted by the coefficient in the descending order as follows: academic achievements,categories of universities,gender,major and sports achievements.And the five factors affecting college students' sports achievements are sorted by the coefficient in the descending order as follows: academic achievements,gender,self-efficacy,categories of universities and major.%通过文献资料法、问卷调查法、数理统计法、逻辑推理法等方法,以300名大学生为研究对象,研究大学生自我效能感的特征以及与体育成绩的相互关系,结果显示:自我效能感与体育成绩成正相关的关系,且体育成绩优秀的学生自我效能水平显著高于体育成绩一般的学生;男生的自我效能感略高于女生;学校类别对自我效能感和体育成绩没有显著影响。回归方程结果显示:影响大学生自我效能感的五个因子按系数从大到小排序为:文化成绩,学校,性别,专业,体育成绩;影响大学生体育成绩的五个因子按系数从大到小排序为:文化成绩,性别,自我效能感,学校,专业。

  14. Why should survivors of childhood renal tumor and others with only one kidney be denied the chance to play contact sports?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spreafico, Filippo; Terenziani, Monica; van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Marry M; Pritchard-Jones, Kathy; Levitt, Gill; Graf, Norbert; Bergeron, Christophe; Massimino, Maura

    2014-04-01

    Over the last few decades advances in the treatment of childhood and young adult cancer have greatly improved survival. As a result most children diagnosed with Wilms' tumor (the most common renal tumor in childhood) or other renal tumors become long-term survivors, living with surgically solitary kidneys. As physical activity is gaining credibility as a therapy enhancing well-being, encouraging cancer survivors do exercise during adolescence and adulthood is advisable. Discussing current evidence-based information would help to provide a framework for the harmonization of guidelines for sport participation of childhood and young adult renal tumor survivors.

  15. Analysis of personality characteristics of college students in social sports major--Take the Sport College of Jiangsu University of Science and Technology as an example%社会体育专业大学生人格特征分析——以江苏科技大学体育学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张一弛

    2012-01-01

      This article through to the Jiangsu University of Science and Technology College of physical education specialty of social physical education college students in 16 personality factor test, and using the student's 16PF test results with the national norm of college students are compared and analyzed, on the social sports majors in Jiangsu University of Science and Technology students personality characteristics, to provide some theory of reference for the 16PF norm research and college students' mental health education and management.%  文章通过对江苏科技大学体育学院社会体育专业在校大学生进行16种个性因素测验,并运用学生的16PF测试结果与全国大学生常模进行相互比较和分析,研究了江苏科技大学社会体育专业学生的个性特征,为16PF常模研究以及大学生心理健康教育和管理提供一定的理论参考。

  16. The Difference of College Students ’Risk Perception Degree of Sports Exercise in Henan Province%河南省大学生体育锻炼风险认知程度的差异分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡冠蓝

    2016-01-01

    对河南省384名大学生进行体育锻炼风险认知调查,结果表明:1)不同性别的大学生在体育锻炼风险认知上差异显著;2)大学生在的风险经历影响他们对风险伤害的评估;3)体育锻炼的正确方法和体育锻炼的良好效果是影响大学生体育锻炼风险认知因素的两个重要方面。%This paper investigates to the sports exercise risk perception of 384 college students in Henan, the results show that 1) the college students of different gender has significant difference in sports exercise risk perception;2) College students' risk experiences influence their assessment for injuries and risk;3) the right way to exercise and the good effect of physical exercise are the two important factors influencing the college students’risk cognitive of sports exercise.

  17. "阳光体育语境下"大学生心理健康与体质相关分析%Correlativity of Collegers' Mental Health and Physique in Sun Sports Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田常军

    2011-01-01

    Aiming at the status quo of carrying out sun sports in private colleges of Shaanxi, by documentary analysis, questionnaire method, mental scale test method and probability method, this paper discussed the property of collegers' participation in sun sports and found out the correlativity of collegers' mental health and physique and put reliable basis for carrying out sun sports in private colleges in strengthening mental health and physique.%本文针对陕西省民办高校阳光体育开展的现状,运用文献分析法,问卷调查法,心理量表测验法和数理统计法,探讨了大学生参与阳光体育行为特点,揭示了阳光体育语境下大学生心理健康与体质的相关关系,为民办高校从心理和增强体质的角度如何开展阳光体育提供可靠依据.

  18. 实施体育健身方案影响大学生体育锻炼态度的实证研究%Effect of Sports Body -building Scheme Implementation on College Student's Physical Exercise Attitude

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建洲

    2012-01-01

    选取50名大学生实施体育健身方案,考察体育健身方案的实施对大学生体育锻炼态度的影响。结果表明,体育健身方案的实施能有效提高大学生的体育锻炼态度,进而影响其参与锻炼的行为;不同性别的大学生体育锻炼态度具有一定的差异,主要表现在行为习惯和主观标准两个维度;体育健身方案的实施对不同性别大学生体育锻炼态度的影响具有差异性。%Selecting 50 college students for sports body - building scheme implementation in order to investigate its influence on college student's physical exercise attitude. The result shows that the sports bodybuilding scheme implementation can effectively improve student' s physical exercise attitude, influence their behavior of participation exercise. The college students of different gender have certain difference on physical exercise attitude, mainly displays in habit and subjective criteria. The effect of implementation of sports body - building scheme on college students with different gender has difference.

  19. Situation Investigation and Analysis on the Sports Present of College Students in Leisure Time%大学生闲暇时间参与体育项目现状的调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海龙; 李高

    2015-01-01

    通过文献资料法、问卷调查法、数理统计等研究方法,对大学生闲暇时间参与体育项目的接触途径、学习途径、场地设施、目的等状况进行了研究,并分析了影响大学生闲暇时间参与体育项目的因素,以便有效的引导大学生闲暇时间参与体育项目,培养其科学健康的闲暇生活方式,并对大学生闲暇时间参与的体育项目更好的开展提出建议。研究表明:大学生在项目选择上趋向单一化;接触的途径主要来自网络,而学校的宣传力度还不够;周围的体育氛围不浓和不感兴趣是影响大学生闲暇时间参与体育项目主要主观因素。而场地设施不足,时间不足和消费是影响其参与项目的主要客观因素。%Through the literature material,questionnaire survey,mathematical statistics research methods,the contact way of college students'leisure time to participate in sports,learning way,facilities,objective conditions are studied,such as and analyzes the factors that affect college students'leisure time to participate in sports,in order to effectively guide the college students'leisure time to participate in sports,to cultivate their scientific health leisure way of life,and is better for college students'leisure time to participate in sports development are proposed.Re-search shows that:the choice of college students in the project towards simplification.Contact ways mainly from the network,and the school's propaganda is not enough.Around is not strong and not interested in sports atmosphere in-fluence college students'leisure time to participate in sports are the main subjective factors.And the lack of facili-ties,the lack of time and consumption is the main objective factors affect its participating.

  20. Sports physical

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000673.htm Sports physical To use the sharing features on this page, ... routine checkups. Why do you Need a Sports Physical? The sports physical is done to: Find out ...

  1. On Evaluating Index System of College Students'Sports Input%普通高校学生体育投入评价指标体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙文琦

    2014-01-01

    The establishment of a scientific ,reasonable and efficient evaluation system on college students'sports input is a key in the daily work of college sports .On the basis of consulting relevant research and interview s on the sports expert in colleges ,a evaluating index system has been built in this study ,inclu-ding four first-graded evaluating indexes ,thirteen second-graded evaluating indexes and thirty-seven third-graded evaluating indexes ,which applies to the guidance of college students'sports input with the applica-tion of mathematical statistical analysis .This system aims at multifaceted degrees of effective interventions on the establishment of evaluation system in college physical education so as to achieve the purpose of strengthening the students'physical health .%建立科学、合理、高效的学生体育投入评估体系是高校体育工作的重点。在查阅相关文献和对普通高校体育专家调查访谈的基础上,运用数理统计分析法,构建出4项一级指标、13项二级指标、37项三级指标适用于普通高校学生体育投入评价的指标体系,拟通过评价体系的确立在高校体育教学中对评价体系各构成因素进行多方面不同程度的有效干预,从而达到增强学生体质健康之目的。

  2. 《孙子兵法》对高校体育场馆对外营运管理的启示——“孙子的LIFE模型”分析%The Art of War to The College Sports Venues Marketize Management of The Enlightenment——Based on “Sun Tzu's LIFE Model” Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟浩林; 高奎亭; 曾灿

    2012-01-01

    在系统剖析《孙子兵法》思想内涵和系统阐述"孙子的LIFE模型"的基础上,结合目前高校体育场馆管理现状,对高校体育场馆对外营运管理如何借鉴与具体应用"孙子的LIFE模型"进行了系统研究。旨在充分发挥新时期高校体育场馆的多重功能,创造更大的社会价值及产生一定的经济效益,同时丰富《孙子兵法》思想的应用领域。%In this paper,based on system analysis,The Art of War on the ideological content and systems,"Sun Tzu's LIFE model",combined with the present situation of college sports venues marketize management,college sports venues marketize management on how to spot from tactical command and specific application of "Sun Tzu's LIFE model" has done a systematic research.Through research,In order to give full play to universities in the new period of the venue,multiple functions,create more social value and economic wealth,and enrich thought of The Art of War application fields at the same time.

  3. Sport tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Schwartzhoffová

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Sport tourism is one specific type of travel and tourism. The goal of this article is to introduce the definition and importance of sport tourism to academic and sports professionals. At present, sport tourism is a diverse social, economic and cultural phenomenon arising from the unique interaction of activity, people and place. The second part of this article reports about sports events as an important part of sport tourism.

  4. 普通大学生体育理论课程学习对运动风险规避的影响%The Influence of Sport Theory Course Learning on Sports Risk Avoidance of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶荣兵

    2016-01-01

    Through the investigation of various research methods,this paper finds out that the study of the theoretical knowledge of physical education can reduce the probability of sports risk.At the same time,it also analyzes the situation of PE curriculum in Jiangsu Province and the outline of syllabus,teaching content and lesson plan,and puts forward some suggestions for the reform of PE curriculum in colleges and universities.%通过各种研究方法调查发现,普通高校大学生体育理论知识的学习能有效减少运动风险发生的概率;同时对江苏省普通高校的体育课程开设情况以及教学大纲、教学内容、教案进行调研分析,提出了普通高校体育课程改革的一些建议。

  5. Epidemiology of Sports-Related Concussions in National Collegiate Athletic Association Athletes From 2009-2010 to 2013-2014: Symptom Prevalence, Symptom Resolution Time, and Return-to-Play Time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wasserman, Erin B; Kerr, Zachary Y; Zuckerman, Scott L; Covassin, Tracey

    2016-01-01

    Limited data exist among collegiate student-athletes on the epidemiology of sports-related concussion (SRC) outcomes, such as symptoms, symptom resolution time, and return-to-play time. This study used the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance Program (ISP) to describe the epidemiology of SRC outcomes in 25 collegiate sports. Descriptive epidemiology study. SRC data from the NCAA ISP during the 2009-2010 to 2013-2014 academic years were analyzed regarding symptoms, time to resolution of symptoms, and time to return to play. Findings were also stratified by sex in sex-comparable sports (ie, ice hockey, soccer, basketball, lacrosse, baseball/softball) and whether SRCs were reported as recurrent. Of the 1670 concussions reported during the 2009-2010 to 2013-2014 academic years, an average (±SD) of 5.29 ± 2.94 concussion symptoms were reported, with the most common being headache (92.2%) and dizziness (68.9%). Most concussions had symptoms resolve within 1 week (60.1%); however, 6.2% had a symptom resolution time of over 4 weeks. Additionally, 8.9% of concussions required over 4 weeks before return to play. The proportion of SRCs that required at least 1 week before return to play increased from 42.7% in 2009-2010 to 70.2% in 2013-2014 (linear trend, P concussions in male athletes included amnesia and disorientation; a larger proportion of concussions in female athletes included headache, excess drowsiness, and nausea/vomiting. A total of 151 SRCs (9.0%) were reported as recurrent. The average number of symptoms reported with recurrent SRCs (5.99 ± 3.43) was greater than that of nonrecurrent SRCs (5.22 ± 2.88; P = .01). A greater proportion of recurrent SRCs also resulted in a long symptom resolution time (14.6% vs 5.4%, respectively; P concussion management practices in which team medical staff members withhold players from participation longer to ensure symptom resolution. Concussion symptoms may differ by sex and recurrence. Future

  6. The Role of University Students′Sports Club in the School Sports Work%高校学生体育俱乐部在学校体育工作中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张钦

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, the analysis of College Students' Sports Club functions explains that the club plays an important role in the school sports work , is beneficial to the popularization and promotion of university sports clubs, prevent university student physical decline phenomenon.%分析高校学生体育俱乐部的功能,说明其在学校体育工作中起重要的作用,有利于普及和推广大学生体育俱乐部,遏制大学生体质下滑现象。

  7. 昆明市高校教师体育消费水平及动机分析%Analysis and motivation of sports consumption level of College Teachers in Kunming City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彪

    2013-01-01

      通过问卷调查、文献资料、数理统计等方法对昆明市高校教师的体育消费水平进行解读。昆明市普通高校教师体育消费的认知度比较高,体育消费的主要动机是获得健康的身体,但有向着多元化发展的趋势;体育消费的结构比较单一,以实物型的体育消费为主;男教师喜好选择身体性对抗为主的项目,女教师热衷于保健、养生、塑身等项目。为此,教师所属高校有关部门应大力支持并开放学校的体育资源设施等,优惠面向在校的教职员工,给教师们创造一个良好的体育消费环境;加大全民健身计划的宣传与实施,积极引导普通高校教师为健康投资,鼓励普通高校教师从事体育消费,特别是利用媒体宣传体育消费的作用和意义,逐步引导普通高校教师的体育消费合理化、科学化,优化普通高校教师的体育消费结构;深入的调查高校教师的体育需求,根据普通高校教师的实际情况、兴趣爱好等开发出多类型多层次的体育消费商品市场。%  Interpretation through the questionnaire survey,literature,statistics and other methods of College Teachers in Kunming city sports consumption level.The main conclusions:awareness of sports consumption of the college teachers in Kunming city is relatively high, the main motivation of sports consumption is to obtain a healthy body,but the trend of development;sports consumption structure is single, mainly in physical sports consumption; male teachers like choosing body against the main items,female teachers are in health care, health,fitness and other projects.Suggestions:the teachers of colleges and universities and relevant departments should vigorously support and the opening of the school sports resource facilities,preferential oriented college faculty and staff,to create a good environment for the teachers of sports consumption;encourage teachers in

  8. The Reasons and Prevention of Sports Injury in Basketball Training in Colleges%高校篮球教学训练中运动损伤的成因与预防

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽娟

    2011-01-01

    本文分析了高校篮球教学训练中运动损伤出现的成因,并对运动损伤的预防提出几点建议,以期到实际教学中,最大限度地降低运动损伤出现几率,保障学生身心健康。%This paper analyzes the teaching and training of college basketball sports injuries occur in the causes and prevention of sports injuries to make a few suggestions,applied to the actual teaching,the maximum reduction in the odds of sports injuries,to protect the health of students.

  9. Investigation and Analysis on Factors Influencing the Sports Exercise of College Students with Disabilities%高校残疾学生参加体育锻炼的影响因素调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余玲玲; 唐文俊

    2015-01-01

    本课题旨在通过对高校残疾学生参加体育锻炼的现状调查与分析,主要采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、专家访谈法,目的在于掌握高校残疾学生参加体育锻炼的基本情况,结果表明:自身因素是次要因素,经济因素是次要因素,学校因素为主要因素。提出了拓宽残疾学生参加体育锻炼的经费来源,为残疾学生提供专门的锻炼器材;为残疾学生培养专业的体育指导人员;建立残疾学生体育协会等对策。%This research is aimed to investigate and analyze the current situation of sports exercise of college students with dis-abilities, by using literature and materials method, questionnaire survey and expert interview. The objective is to learn about the general situation of the sports exercise of college students with disabilities. The result shows that individual factors are less im-portant factors, while the college is the main factor. This paper also proposes some countermeasures, such as expanding the fi-nancial support for the sports exercise of students with disabilities and providing specific equipment for them, cultivating profes-sional sports instructors for students with disabilities, and estab-lishing sports associations for students with disabilities.

  10. 南京市高校体育场馆对外开放现状与对策研究%The Study on Opening-up and Countermeasures of Nanjing College Sports Facilities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋向华

    2012-01-01

    随着市场化改革的深入和体育事业产业化的推进,在教育部和国家体育总局要求各投各类学校体育场馆设施面向公众开放的大环境下,高校体育场馆面向社会开放,最大限度地发挥其社会效益和经济效益是未来发展的方向。本文采用文献资料法、访谈法和实地调研等方法对南京市高校体育场馆对外开放现状进行了调查,结果显示南京市高校体育场馆对外开放比例较高。但发展过程中存在一定问题,随后,本文据此提出了相关建议和对策。%The deepening of market-oriented reform and sports industrialization make college sports venues show the trend of market-oriented operations management, under the environment of the Ministry of Education and State Sports General Administration require all types and levels schools facilities should open to the public, college sports venues opening to the public is the future direction of development. This paper uses literature, expert interviews and field research methods to study the Nanjing university sports venues opening up the status and its influencing factors sports venues have a higher proportion of opening-up, there are problems in the development process, the paper put forward suggestions and countermeasures.

  11. 论高职院校职业性体育文化挖掘与体育教育教学%On Vocational Sports Culture Exploration and Physical Education in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈裕华; 倪永辉

    2016-01-01

    高职院校职业体育文化立足于学生学习专业、未来职业生涯,以培养学生职业体育文化意识和职业性体育能力为目的。通过阐述高职院校体育教育教学的不足、潜力激发、教师队伍建设、改革推动等职业体育文化挖掘的积极作用,提出完善体育教育教学、职业性体育教研、职业性体育能力培养等职业体育文化挖掘的主要途径,以及职业性体育教育教学要与专业、职业、行业相结合的具体措施。%Vocational sports culture in higher vocational colleges is based on the students' professional and future career,in order to cultivate students'professional sports culture consciousness and professional sports ability for the purpose.This paper expounds the positive role of sports education in higher vocation-al colleges,such as the teaching of physical education,teachers' team construction,reform and promo-tion,and puts forward the main ways to improve the teaching of physical education,such as the improve-ment of the teaching of physical education,the training of professional sports,the professional sports abil-ity,and the specific measures of the combination of professional,professional and industry.

  12. College Athletes' Reflective Judgment: A Moderator between Sport and Sociocultural Pressures, Body Ideal Internalization, and Body Dissatisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Catie A.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to investigate the sociocultural model of eating disorder development among male and female college student-athletes as moderated by students' level of Reflective Judgment, a stage theory of adult epistemology marked by increasing cognitive complexity. A review of literature on the established relationships between…

  13. College Athletes' Reflective Judgment: A Moderator between Sport and Sociocultural Pressures, Body Ideal Internalization, and Body Dissatisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Catie A.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to investigate the sociocultural model of eating disorder development among male and female college student-athletes as moderated by students' level of Reflective Judgment, a stage theory of adult epistemology marked by increasing cognitive complexity. A review of literature on the established relationships between…

  14. Knowledge, Engagement, and Perceptions of the American College of Sports Medicine Guidelines for Cardiovascular Physical Activity: A University Undergraduate Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, George Milton

    2010-01-01

    Background: The early onset of chronic disease is a major health concern facing the nation. Leading health indicators support physical activity to reduce the mortality and morbidity rates among individuals. The college years represent a time of transition and potential for improved adherence to positive health behaviors. As institutions of higher…

  15. Status Quo of Sports Activities of Handicapped College Students and Physical Exercise Participation Values%我国残疾大学生体育现状及其参与锻炼的价值研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘辉; 刘利江; 唐军

    2011-01-01

    Analysis is conducted to study the status quo of handicapped college student about their participation in sports,obstacles against participation and values of participating in physical exercises on their part,to emphasize the importance of developing sport activities of handicapped college students in times of constructing socialist harmonious society.%对我国残疾大学生体育现状、制约残疾大学生参加体育锻炼的因素和残疾大学生参与体育运动的价值进行分析,提出在构建社会主义和谐社会中发展残疾大学生体育的重要性.

  16. 福建省山区大学生体育消费行为的因素分析%The factor of sports consumption behaviors of college students in mountain areas of Fujian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李万龙

    2009-01-01

    The factors which influence the sports consumption behaviors of college students are analyzed, which provides theoretical basis for the healthy development of sports industry in colleges and universities and the gradual improvement of consumption levels of students. The results show that the major factors include personal economic factors, environmental factors, social factors, and so on.%对大学生体育消费行为的影响因素进行分析,为高校体育产业的良性发展,逐步提高学生体育消费水平提供理论依据.研究结果表明影响大学生体育消费行为的主要因素有个人经济因素、环境因素、社会因素等.

  17. Sport Specialization: A Coach's Role in Being Honest with Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Craig; Shroyer, Josh

    2015-01-01

    The efficacy of sport specialization in youth sport is a source of parental confusion and potential conflicts of interest with coaches. Sport specialization is the exclusive participation in one sport in the belief that it will increase the chances of receiving an athletic college scholarship and/or being able to pursue a career as a professional…

  18. Sport Specialization: A Coach's Role in Being Honest with Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Craig; Shroyer, Josh

    2015-01-01

    The efficacy of sport specialization in youth sport is a source of parental confusion and potential conflicts of interest with coaches. Sport specialization is the exclusive participation in one sport in the belief that it will increase the chances of receiving an athletic college scholarship and/or being able to pursue a career as a professional…

  19. Sports Club Development--The '70'S Community Involvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juncker, D. F.

    A large-scale movement toward sports clubs is evolving in colleges and universities in response to widespread professionalism in varsity sports, limited sports opportunities available to highly skilled student athletes, and most importantly, substantial increases in the desire for sports participation by students in general, as a supplement to…

  20. 山西省高校学生体育生活方式现状的调查分析%Investigation and Analysis Present Situation of the Sports Lifestyle of College Students in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙静; 孙祝

    2014-01-01

    通过以山西省5所高校学生为对象的调查研究,运用文献资料法、数理统计法、逻辑分析法等,从性别、年级、专业性质、家庭居住地、体育消费、体育生活方式倾向等方面加以分析,意在揭示当前山西省高校学生体育生活方式的现状,突显健康合理体育生活方式在高校学生中的影响,更好地促进山西省高校学生身心素质的提高,良好心态的形成及自我价值的充分实现。%This paper, taking students of five universities in Shanxi province as object, analyzes from the aspects of gender, grade, major, family address, sports consumption and tendency of sports lifestyle through the method of literature, mathematical statistics, logical analysis and so on, in order to reveal the present situation of the sports lifestyle of college students in Shanxi province, highlight the impact of healthy sports lifestyle on college students, promote their physical and mental ability, the formation of good attitude and the full realization of self-value.

  1. The Status Quo on Participation in Extracurricular Sports Activities for Vocational College Students%浅析高职院校学生参与课外体育活动的现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵红艳

    2012-01-01

    Based on the first-year students from five vocational colleges in Tianjin Haihe Educational Park,a survey and analysis on participation in sports activities outside school hours is conducted by questionnaire and mathematical statistics.According to the survey results,it is recommended that colleges start from the increase in sport funding,the reform of physical education and sports management,and actively strengthen the students’ extracurricular sports activities.%以天津市海河教育园五所高职的大一学生为研究对象,采用问卷调查法、数理统计法对五所高职部分大一学生在课外时间里参与体育活动的情况进行了调查和分析。依据调查结果,建议学校从增加体育经费、改革体育教学和加强体育管理等方面入手,积极加强学生课外体育活动工作。

  2. Introduced Local Sports Events into On the Significance of Anhui Higher Vocational Colleges Physical Education%浅议安徽省高职院校体育课引入地方体育项目的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟业

    2014-01-01

    通过对地方体育项目的概念、特点、类别以及高职院校体育教学改革趋势进行综合分析,认为地方体育项目引入高职院校不仅丰富了体育课程内容,还适应了学生多样化的体育需求,更有效拓展了体育课教学的时间和空间。%Through the comprehensive analysis of local sports characteristics, category and trend of higher vocational college sports teaching reform, we conclude that introduced local sports Events into Anhui higher vocational colleges physical education not only enriches the physical education curriculum content, but adapts to the various sports requirements of students, besides, it can more effectively expand the teaching of P.E. time and space.

  3. Based on the development perspective of college students sports emergency ability training professional qualification research%基于体育学力发展视角的大学生应急能力培养研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周利; 国伟

    2014-01-01

    发展大学生的“显性体育学力”和“隐性体育学力”是高校体育教学的重要任务。由于体育教学特殊的教学模式,在发展学生体育学力的基础上,将应急能力培养融入体育教学,对学生进行应急能力培养具有重要的现实意义。%Development of college students“dominant sports professional qualification”and“recessive sports professional qualification”is an important task of colleges and universities sports teaching. Due to the special teaching mode of physical education and on the basis of the development of student sports professional qualification, the emergency ability training in physical education teaching,undertake to the student emergency ability training has important practical significance.

  4. On Connotation and Meaning of Sports Psychological Quality of Contemporary College Students%论当代大学生体育心理素质的内涵及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左雄伟

    2015-01-01

    本文通过文献资料法,对体育心理素质的内涵,以及培养大学生体育心理素质发展的现实意义进行分析。研究认为:通过培养大学生体育心理素质,可有效调节大学生心理情绪,培养大学生的团结意识,使大学生养成终身体育的习惯,提高大学生的整体素质。%The paper analyzes connotation of sports psychological quality and realistic meaning of developing college students’sports psychological quality with the method of literature.Research shows that through cultivating college students’sports psychological quality,their psychological mood are effectively regulated;their sense of solidarity cultivated;their habit of lifelong sports formed and comprehensive quality improved.

  5. Inspiration MOOC Model of College Sports Curriculum under the Information Age%信息化时代下MOOC模式对高校体育课程的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王如镇; 文烨

    2015-01-01

    The massive open online courses MOOC as an emerging mode of education has caused a revolution in the world of education. On the basis of MOOC brief introduction on the emergence and development status, college sports programs elaborated abroad IT-oriented development process and present the latest trends in college sports MOOC courses, combining the current status quo of physical education curriculum reform model, drawn for the future development of our country and some inspiration MOOC courses sports applications, provide for the future of our sport MOOC curriculum model available reference for reform.%大规模在线开放课程MOOC作为一个新兴的教育模式,已经在世界范围内引起了一场教育革命。文章在简要介绍MOOC产生和发展现状的基础上,阐述了国内外高校体育课程信息技术化的发展历程及当前高校体育MOOC课程的最新动向,结合当前体育课程模式改革现状,得出对未来我国开发和应用体育MOOC课程的一些启示,以期为我国未来体育MOOC课程模式的改革提供可用参考和借鉴。

  6. 高校体育舞蹈训练内容与方法%College Sports Dance Training Contents and Methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛英超

    2015-01-01

    体育舞蹈自20世纪80年代传入我国以来,发展迅速,但与国际整体水平相比,我国体育舞蹈教育仍然相对滞后。要想达到国际水平,除了要强化对国外优秀选手的技术研究外,还应结合我国学习者的特点和基础,构建具有针对性、科学性和系统性的训练体系,包括建立科学的训练内容和采取有效的训练方法。本文结合实践经验,对高校体育舞蹈训练中的体能与姿态、协调能力、韵律与艺术感等几个要点内容进行分析,提出了相应的训练方法。%Sin ce,dance sport was introduced into China since the 80's of the twentieth Century the rapid development,but compared with the international level,sport dance education in China is still lagging behind.In order to reach the international level,in addition to strengthen the research onthe technology of foreign players,it should be combined with the characteristics and basis of thestudy in our country,the construction of targeted, scientific and systematic training system,including the establishment of training content and training methods of scientific and effective.In this paper,combined with practical experience,the physical ability and attitude,sports dancetraining in Colleges and universities of the coordination,rhythm and sense of art and so on severalpoints of content analysis,put forward the corresponding training method.

  7. Vocational College Students’Unhealthy Psychology in Job Interview and Sports Adjustment%高职生职业应聘不良心理表现及运动调节方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵岩

    2015-01-01

    高职生进行应聘时会因为各种压力出现一些不良的心理,通过一些运动调节方法可以有效改善这些不良心理表现。%Vocational college students will suffer unhealthy psychology in job interview because of stress.They can overcome the situation by sports adjustment.

  8. 体育运动对大学生心理健康的促进作用研究%The Promoting Role of Sports on the Mental Health of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘慧

    2014-01-01

    Sports have the significance to promote the mental health. This paper ,using the methods of literature and theoretical analysis and others, based on current situations of Chinese college students' mental health and its influencing factors, does the analysis, studies the impact of sports to promote college students' mental health. The results show that: if college students are more engaged in all kinds of sports for a long time, they can not only strengthen physical health and delight their physical and psychological situations, but can have good promoting effect on their mental health. The purpose of the study is to strengthen the sports consciousness of college students, in order to promote the development of their physical and mental health, let them become more excellent talents.%文章主要采用文献资料法和理论分析法等研究方法,通过对我国当代大学生心理健康的现状和影响因素分析,重点提出了体育运动对于促进大学生心理健康的作用。研究结果表明,大学生多从事各种体育运动,不但可以强身健体,使其身心愉悦,长期坚持还能对其心理健康产生良好的促进作用。文章的研究目的在于加强在校大学生加强体育运动意识以及他们强身练体的渴求,以此来促进他们的身心健康发展,使其成为更加优秀的人才。

  9. The Structural Equation Analysis on College Students' Sports Scores in the Applied Research%结构方程分析在普通高校学生体育成绩统计中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李颖; 张海志

    2012-01-01

    普通高校体育成绩用结构方程分析的方法进行研究,基于变量的协方差矩阵来分析变量之间的关系,确定普通高校学生不同学年体育成绩之间的影响关系.通过结构方程分析建构起普通高校学生不同学年的体育成绩之间的结构模型,将高校学生不同学年体育成绩间的影响关系量化.得出一些高校体育教学的建设性的建议.%Results were assessed not only on student learning and, more importantly, confirmed the information for physical education research questions. This article boldly PE results of structural equation analysis method to study in this paper is based on the covariance matrix of variables to analyze the relationships between variables to determine the relationship between college students of different academic year sports scores. By structural equation analysis based on these analyzes and has been teaching data construct the structure model of the college students of different school year, sports scores, and then describe the form of the model affect the relationship between the sports achievements of the school year will be quantify the relationship between college students with different academic year sports scores. Finally, come up with some constructive suggestions of the College Physical.

  10. 阳光体育背景下高校运动会改革新尝试--以南京师范大学泰州学院第八届运动会为例%New Attempts of College Sport Games under the Background of Sunlight Sports---Taking 8th Games of Taizhou College of Nanjing Normal University as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洪春; 高民绪

    2014-01-01

    在阳光体育指导思想的背景下,为了使高校运动会更好地为高校体育工作服务,采用文献资料法、资料分析法、逻辑分析法、数理统计法,对南京师范大学泰州学院第八届运动会和传统高校运动会进行对比分析,得出运动会在项目的设置上以娱乐、趣味性项目为主竞技项目为辅,集体娱乐项目为主个人项目为辅的新的发展模式转变。使“淡化竞技、培养能力、健康第一”的指导思想成为当今体育课程改革的方向,改变过去运动会“金牌第一、竞技第一”的传统思想,把精神和文化融入到运动会中,使高校运动会成为广大师生喜爱的体育盛会。%Under the background of sunlightsports guiding ideology , in order to better serve college sports work service , using literature review , data analysis , logical analysis , mathematical statistics , this paper makes compar-ative analysis on 8th games of Taizhou College of Nanjing Normal University Games and the traditional college games.The result shows that Games in the project settings to entertainment , fun projects competitive projects , supplemented by a new collective entertainment -oriented model of development projects , supplemented by per-sonal transformation.So that the “dilute athletics, capacity, health first” guiding ideology become the direction of today’s physical education curriculum reform and change in the past Games ,“the first gold medal, sports first”traditional thinking , the spirit and culture into the Games , so that universities Games become a favorite of teachers and students sporting event .

  11. The virtual education of antidoping as a strategy to develop the culture of fair play in the Mexican sport: a gender study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Omar Iván Gavotto Nogales; Rafael Ángel Figueroa Alcolea; Carmen Guadalupe Tapia López; Aurelio Rafael Pérez Andreu

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the level of knowledge and awareness on doping among elite female athletes in Mexico in order to educate women athletes and training teams on fair play, through...

  12. 独立学院开设社会体育专业的SWOT分析%Analysis of SWOT about Social Sports Specialty in Independent College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红运; 梁媛媛; 颜敏

    2014-01-01

    By means of documentation, live observation, interview and SWOT analysis, the author based the research on the social sports specialty in Independent College and probed into the strength、weakness、opportunity、threat. Then, the author gave suggestions as follows:First, the independent college should set popular dance, dance cheerleading and “sports tourism”, “personal trainer” and other courses according to the market need. Second, by means of“cooperation between school and enterprise”training platform, increase students’ practice time, providing opportunity of English and computer skills. Third, teachers should judge the current development of social health timely, improving their own level of theory and technology by observing, learning and so on.%将文献资料法、实地观察法、访问调查法结合SWOT分析法,以独立学院的社会体育专业为研究对象,探讨其优势因素、劣势因素、机会因素和威胁因素并提出如下建议:(1)独立学院的社会体育专业设置应根据市场需要增设当下流行的排舞、舞蹈啦啦操等术科课程和《体育旅游》、《私人健身教练》等文科课程。(2)借助“校企合作”的实训平台,增加学生实习的时间,多提供英语、计算机等技能培训的机会。(3)专业教师应及时判断当前社会健身发展趋势,通过观摩、进修等途径提高自身理论和技术水平。

  13. 对提高高校体育舞蹈课教学水平的策略研究%Research on Strategy Improving the Level of College Sports Dance Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琛

    2012-01-01

    Through using the method of literature review and investigation,this paper makes investigation on teaching condition of college sports dance class,comprehensively analyzes the effective strategy of improving college students' sports dance course.Based on existing problems,some suggestions and countermeasures are put forward.The main purpose is to provide the reference for college sports dance course reform.%运用文献资料法、调查法等研究方法对普通高校体育舞蹈课的教学现状进行调查研究,全面的分析提高高校大学生体育舞蹈课程的有效策略,并针对目前课程中存在的问题提出相应的对策和建议,以期为普通高校体育舞蹈课程的改革提供参考。

  14. 陕西民办高校与公办高校学校体育比较研究%Comparative Study of School Sports between Shaanxi Private Colleges and Public Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘宗杰

    2012-01-01

    From aspects of Shaanxi private colleges and public universities, such as the teaching of physical education, school sports team training, school sports and school physical education teacher training etc, this article made a comprehensive comparison and analysis, and based on the different school system between private colleges and public universities, conducted in-depth analysis on their characteristics of school sports, and in its, draw a few proposals of the reform of private colleges' physical education for reference.%本文主要从陕西民办高校和公办高校的体育课教学、学校运动代表队训练和师资培养等方面进行了全面的比较和分析,并依据民办高校和公办高校不同的办学体制,对其学校体育工作的特点进行了深入的探析,从中得出几点对陕西民办高校体育工作改革的建议,以供参考.

  15. Feasible Analysis on Parkour Sports Running into the College Campus%跑酷运动“跑”进大学校园的可行性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄学诚; 林艳

    2012-01-01

    Parkour is a street scurry extreme sport,and is loved by the young people of all ages.Based on the analysis of Parkour's origin and characteristics,and college students' physical and mental development and campus facilities this paper discusses the possibility of Parkour sports running into the college campus.The result shows that the only appropriate to reduce the difficulty of Parkour,and enhanced sports teachers cultivation,can make Parkour smooth and fluid into the college campus.%跑酷是一项街头疾走极限运动,备受青年人的青睐。本文在分析跑酷运动的缘起、特点基础上,针对大学生身心发展要求以及校园场地设施提供条件探讨跑酷运动"跑"进大学校园的可行性。结果表明:唯有适当降低跑酷运动的难度,加强跑酷运动项目师资力量的培养,才能使跑酷运动顺利、畅通的跑进大学校园。

  16. Analysis of Xinjiang college gymnastics sports elective course teaching difficulties%新疆普通高校体操类运动项目选项课程教学困境分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志敏

    2015-01-01

    为提升普通高校体操类运动项目选项课的教学质量效果,对新疆普通高校体操类运动项目选项课程的课程设置,学生选课现状进行了调查,分析了目前新疆普通高校体操类运动项目在教学过程中存在的问题与困惑,并针对性提出了对策与建议。%The quality of teaching to enhance the effect of College Gymnastics Sports Elective Course,This paper on Xinjiang College Gymnastics Sports Elective course curriculum,student enrollment status were investigated,Analysis of the Xinjiang Col-lege Gymnastics Sports in the process of teaching at present problems and puzzle ,and to put forward countermeasures and sug-gestions.

  17. Sports dance artistic expression culture analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Zegang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available At present, the sports dance has entered every stage of the people’s life, has become the public’s favorite sport. Sports dance has been well developed. This article mainly uses the literature material law to carry on the detailed analysis to the sports dance constitution, elaborated in detail the sports dance artistic expression. The composition of sports dance elements; sports dance is a form of dance art show; sports dance through the dance art can be divided into three aspects, namely, form, music, shape of the expressive force. In this paper, the study will be more in-depth excavation of the cultural connotation of sports dance, and promote the development of sports dance can be more comprehensive. In 20s of last century, Chinese Sports Dance Association officially joined the International Sports Dance Association, which also makes our country’s sports dance and international exchange more frequent. However, due to China’s sports dance sports dance learning time is not long, while learning is influenced by Chinese traditional culture, the sports dance movements are too conservative, there is a very large gap and international enthusiasm, bold and unrestrained, the pursuit of individual sports dance in the dance style, music and performance hand. Sports dance originated from abroad, it is produced in the daily life of people in foreign countries. China’s domestic sports dance players in learning dance at the same time, the production and the connotation of dance is not very understanding, therefore, it is difficult to better reflect the emotional expression of sports dance. Although the sports dance is a kind of similar to the competitive projects, but it is also a kind of dance culture, and to constitute a force from the dance art show a detailed study, detailed mining playing officer of sports dance performance further, reducing China’s sports dance and international sports dance gap.

  18. Study on the Usage of Traditional Minority Sports Resources and the Develop-ment of College Sunshine Sports--Taking Guangxi University as the research case%少数民族传统体育资源的利用与高校阳光体育运动开展的研究--以广西高校为研究个案*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳梅; 赵芳; 黎晓萍

    2013-01-01

      采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、个案分析法等研究方法,针对广西高校阳光体育运动开展现状和少数民族传统体育资源利用情况深入调查研究。调查结果显示,85%的广西高校已经实施《国家学生体质健康标准》,85%的学生测试成绩达到目标要求,学生掌握两项体育技能也接近目标要求。但存在项目开展不均衡,场地器材不足、学生兴趣不浓、领导重视不够、学生体育锻炼意识淡薄等现象,影响着阳光体育运动的开展。广西少数民族传统体育资源丰富,学生对少数民族传统体育项目兴趣较浓厚;部分高校课内外都积极开展了多项少数民族传统体育项目,丰富了学校体育活动的内容与形式。课题组在实地调查的基础上提出将少数民族传统体育资源利用于高校阳光体育运动中,以利于传承民族传统体育资源,打造特色的地域性阳光体育运动,以期为长效开展阳光体育运动拓宽思路,为政府部门和高校制定与完善阳光体育运动实施策略提供理论参考。%By using the method of literature,questionnaire survey method, case analysis and other research methods, the development of Sunshine Sports present situation and the traditional ethnic minority sports resources utilization situation of Guangxi Colleges and University are investigated and studied. The results show:85%of the universities have implemented"the national student physical health standard",85% of the students reach the test requirement, mastering the two sports skills by students is also close to the objectives and requirements. But the project development is imbalance, lack of facilities. The students are not interested in sports, the physical exercise consciousness of them are weak .These affect the development of sunlight sports. Traditional sports of ethnic minorities in Guangxi is rich in resources, students are rather interest in the

  19. Sports Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gozalova Marina

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. This article is devoted to sports tourism. The purpose of this article is to examine theoretical material on sports tourism, to analyze sports tourism in Russia and to search for promising areas for the study of sports tourism in our country. Material and methods. In this part the authors develop the idea of the role of doing sports and keeping fit. For anyone who really wants to be healthy, fitness has become an integral part of their lives. Results. The purpose of this research is to study theoretical material on sports tourism, to analyze sports tourism in Russia and to search for promising areas for the study of sports tourism in our country. On the basis of their research the authors come to the conclusion that sports and tourism are interconnected. There are important factors affecting the situation of sports tourism in Russia. The paper examines sports tourism attractions in Russia. Conclusion. The authors conclude that there exists a high correlation dependence of foreign and domestic development of sports tourism on resources allocated for sports infrastructure. All in all, sports tourism tours draw visitors to their favorite sporting event, facility, or destination throughout the world.

  20. Heads Up: Concussion in Youth Sports

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Learn More about the Brain and How it Works Order Free Copies of CDC's “Heads Up” Educational ... Up! Prevent Concussions Prevent Head Injuries Sports Safety Students Play Safe Youth Sports Safety PROMOTIONAL MATERIALS "Heads ...

  1. Relationships among Play Behaviors Reported by College Students and Their Responses to Moral Issues: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Darrel R.; Bergen, Doris

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated whether the types and amount of playful activity and thought exhibited from early childhood to adulthood are related to aspects of moral development, such as empathy, behavior, and reasoning. It explored whether the assertions of theorists such as Piaget, Vygotsky, and Erikson regarding the facilitative effect of games with…

  2. Influence of Gender Psychology on Content Setting of College Sports Dance Curriculum%两性心理学对高校体育舞蹈课程内容设置影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭祝平

    2016-01-01

    近年来,越来越多的高等院校开始开设舞蹈课程,尤其是一些综合性大学将体育舞蹈视为非常重要的教学内容。传统的体育舞蹈课程机械地设置教学内容和方式,甚至用“操化”动作进行示范模仿教学。此外,学生对于体育舞蹈的学习动机不单纯是追求运动技能,而大多数一线教师者缺乏两性心理学方面的知识,不重视而且鲜用伴侣学习法。深入分析了当前我国高校体育舞蹈教学的现状,针对导致当前课程效果不理想的各方面原因,提出了设置合理的男、女生合班体育舞蹈教育课程内容;加强体育舞蹈与其他学科的联动;明确体育舞蹈教育在艺术教育中的地位与作用;运用科学的理论知识指导体育舞蹈教学等对策。%In recent years,more and more colleges and universities begin to offer dance courses,especially in some comprehensive uni-versities,regarding them as very important teaching contents.Traditional sports dance courses set up teaching content and methods in-flexibly,and even use actions like gymnastics to carry out demonstration and imitation teaching.In addition,students'learning motiva-tion of sports dance is not only the pursuit of sports skills,but most teachers lack the knowledge of gender psychology.The paper analy-zes current situation of college sports dance teaching in China,and put forward several countermeasures in allusion to various reasons leading to current unsatisfied teaching effects:setting up reasonable classes for male and female students to take sports dance courses together,strengthening the linkage of sports dance and other disciplines,identifying the position and function of sports dance education in art education,and utilizing scientific theories to guide the sports dance teaching.

  3. Pattern Research on Relational Schema Between Gender Stereotypes and Sports Preference among College Students---Take College Students in Shenzhen as an Example%大学生性别刻板印象和运动偏好的关系模式研究--以深圳市大学生为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周月媛; 黎洁霞

    2016-01-01

    通过选取深圳市905名体育成绩优秀,具有良好体育基础的全日制大学生进行调查,分析大学生性别刻板印象和运动偏好的关系模式,研究结果表明运动偏好在一定程度上存在性别刻板印象,并将运动分为女性、男性或性别中立的运动项目客观地识别出来,对提出提高大学生运动参与具着现实意义。%Based on a survey among 905 full -time college students in Shenzhen,all of whom have good grades as well as good foundation in physical education,this paper analyzes the patterns of the relation between gender stereotypes and sports preference among college students.The results show that gender stereotypes,to some extent,do exist in sports preference.Furthermore,the research objectively identifies female,male and neutral sports,which achieves practical significance in the improvement of sports participation among college students.

  4. Influence of sports dance on the mental health of college students%体育舞蹈对大学生心理健康的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛爱荣; 盖薇

    2013-01-01

    In this study, using the symptom checklist (SCL-90) to investigate the psychological health level of the Zunyi Normal University 2010 grade of 80 students. Results show that, learning of physical dances, the mental health level of college students has differences in somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, paranoid six factors, fully shows that the sports dance learning of students is improved obviously in somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, paranoid.%  本研究采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)对遵义师范学院2010级80名在校大学生的心理健康水平进行调查研究。结果显示,学习体育舞蹈前后,大学生的心理健康水平在躯体化、人际关系敏感、抑郁、焦虑、敌对、偏执等六个因子上存在差异,充分说明学习体育舞蹈对大学生的躯体化、人际关系敏感、抑郁、焦虑、敌对、偏执有明显改善。

  5. 高校女生阳光体育情况调查%Investigation of Female College Students Participation in Sunshine Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张飞鹏

    2012-01-01

    By means of literature review, questionnaire survey, mathematical statistics, Xi'an University of Arts and a girl, girls participated in extracurricular physical exercises of investigation and analysis, and to Xi'an University of Arts and a girl, girls participate in extra - curricular physical exercise motivation, exercise time, in the form and participation in physical exercise programs and other data analysis to explore the college girls to participate in extra- curricular physical activity problems, for better development of national efforts to promote sports activities on cam- pus sun reference.%采用文献资料、问卷调查、数理统计等方法,对西安文理学院女大女生参加课外体育锻炼的现状进行调查分析,并就西安文理学院女大女生参加课外体育锻炼的动机、锻炼时间、形式以及参加体育锻炼的项目等进行数据分析,探究高校女生参加课外体育锻炼中存在的问题,为更好地开展国家大力提倡的校园阳光体育活动提供参考。

  6. 论高等职业技术院校体育课程改革%The sports curriculum reform in higher vocational and technical college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林福生; 罗晓梅

    2013-01-01

    课改的开始反映了一个社会需求的变革时代的来临。就我国当代社会而言,素质教育越来越重要。随着现代体育课程的不断发展以及社会对人体的健康要求,对体育课程的深入改革刻不容缓。本文主要以高等职业技术院校为主要视点,探究如何将体育课程的改革更好地进行到底。%The curriculum reform reflects the reform era of a society demand. In our contemporary society, quality education is becoming more and more important. With the continuous development of modern physical education and health requirements of society to human body, brook no delay further the reform of the physical education curriculum. This paper mainly takes the higher occupation technical college as the main point of view, to explore how to reform the sports curriculum better.

  7. [Sport and health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pène, Pierre; Touitou, Yvan

    2009-02-01

    The report of the National Academy of Medicine named "Sport and Health" underlines the medical, social and educational dimensions of sporting activities. Various kinds of sporting practices are described: they concern the approximately 7,000 high level athletes, around 8,000 professional (licensed) sportsmen, and sporting club members (approximately 15 millions people). A large number of amateurs do not practice in any structure and therefore are neither managed in their activities nor medically followed. Some characteristics of sporting practice at various stages of life have been documented. Around 50% of the teenagers from 12 to 17 years have a sporting practice out-of-school besides the weekly three hours applied at school or college; however, the withdrawal of sporting practice by a high number of teenagers results in a sedentary lifestyle with overweight and obesity, major risks factors for health. Elderly people take a profit from a regular and medically controlled physical activity. Functional capacities are thus improved, cardiovascular risks factors among other, which results in better quality of life of the aged and delays their dependence. The benefit upon public health of sporting practice has been pointed out in the primary prevention of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, osteoporosis, obesity, diabetes, breast and colon cancer, and mood disturbances. It is currently well acknowledged that sporting practice is an important component of public health in both primary and secondary prevention of many diseases. Deleterious effects of which the most serious is the sudden death related to a cardiovascular anomaly, which generally occurs during an important physical effort. An important sport drift is the practice of doping to improve performances through the use of hormones, anabolics, EPO, transfusions, ... When a person exceeds his/her capacities of adaptation, because of a badly adapted or a too intense drive, this overtraining results in a

  8. An lnvestigation and Analysis of College Students’Sports lnjuries in the Skiing Course in Heilongjiang Province%黑龙江省高校大学生滑雪课运动损伤调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶海波; 张莹; 杨蕊竹

    2015-01-01

    运用文献资料法、专家访谈法、问卷调查法对黑龙江省滑雪课大学生进行运动损伤流行病学调查,选取共计422名滑雪课大学生进行调查,调查表明:大学生滑雪课运动损伤的比率较高,损伤部位以膝受伤的为最多(21.4%),运动损伤种类以关节损伤为主。运动损伤的致伤原因以技术因素、气候场地因素和心理因素为主,并针对滑雪教师、学生与滑雪场管理方,就如何预防和应对运动损伤提出相关建议。%By the methods of literature review, expert interviews, questionnaires, this paper investigates sports injury epidemiology in the skiing class for college students in Heilongjiang Province. A total of 422 students are selected to investigate the skiing class. The survey shows that the percentage of sports injuries of college students in skiing class is high;damage parts appear in knees for the most (21.4%); sports injuries concentrated on joint damage.Factors for sports injury included technical factors, climatic factors and psychological factors. This paper also provides some suggestions for the skiing teachers, students and management side on how to prevent and respond to sports injuries.

  9. Status and Strategies for Jiangsu Province College Students Sports Demands%江苏省高职院校大学生体育需求现状与策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱全飞; 彭国强

    2013-01-01

    Based on the literature and the survey, conducted a survey and analysis of sports Demand for College Students in Jiangsu Province, the paper points out that Jiangsu Province vocational colleges most students take part actively in sports performance, sports training with good awareness level, but poor awareness of science and sports health and fitness;of activity motivation of college students mainly concentrate in the mediation of emotions, and enhancing physical quality, in the form of physical exercise in their own single exercise, the majority of the students is not enough clear of understanding the frequency and effect of the exercise.%  文章运用文献资料法和调查法,对江苏省高职院校大学生的体育需求状况进行了调查与分析,指出江苏省高职院校多数学生对体育活动表现积极,对体育锻炼认知程度较好,但对科学体育健身方法的认知程度较差;大学生的活动动机主要集中在调解情绪、增强体质上,体育锻炼的形式以自己单独锻炼为主,多数学生对于锻炼频度与效果的认识不够明确。

  10. Research Settlement Mechanism about College Sports Injuries Accident Tort Dispute%高校体育伤害事故侵权纠纷解决机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立国; 王美红

    2014-01-01

    The use of literature and analysis of law investigate settlement mechanism abou college sports injuries tort dispute in china. The main conclusions:Responsibility principle of college sports injuries gives priority the dual structure fault liability and risk liability,Applies fault liability theory and risk areas theory;Tort liability constitutes the fact of damage,causality and fault in fault liability responsibility principle;Tort liability constitutes the fact of damage and causality in risk liability responsibility principle. Recommendation:Establish College Compensation Limit of Liability;"Law of Tort Liability"should establish general terms of risk liability;Establish commercial sports injury insurance system;Improve the social security system of sports injuries.%运用文献资料和法学分析方法探讨我国高校体育伤害事故侵权纠纷解决机制。主要结论:高校体育伤害事故归责原则以过错责任、风险责任的二元结构为主,适用过错责任理论和风险领域理论;过错责任归责原则中侵权责任由损害事实、因果关系和过错构成;风险责任归责原则中侵权责任由损害事实、因果关系构成。建议:建立高校限额赔偿制度;《侵权责任法》中应确立危险责任一般条款;建立健全体育伤害商业保险制度;完善体育伤害社会保障制度。

  11. Field Robotics in Sports: Automatic Generation of guidance Lines for Automatic Grass Cutting, Striping and Pitch Marking of Football Playing Fields

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ole Green

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Progress is constantly being made and new applications are constantly coming out in the area of field robotics. In this paper, a promising application of field robotics in football playing fields is introduced. An algorithmic approach for generating the way points required for the guidance of a GPS-based field robotic through a football playing field to automatically carry out periodical tasks such as cutting the grass field, pitch and line marking illustrations and lawn striping is represented. The manual operation of these tasks requires very skilful personnel able to work for long hours with very high concentration for the football yard to be compatible with standards of Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA. In the other side, a GPS-based guided vehicle or robot with three implements; grass mower, lawn stripping roller and track marking illustrator is capable of working 24 h a day, in most weather and in harsh soil conditions without loss of quality. The proposed approach for the automatic operation of football playing fields requires no or very limited human intervention and therefore it saves numerous working hours and free a worker to focus on other tasks. An economic feasibility study showed that the proposed method is economically superimposing the current manual practices.

  12. A study of the relation between sports activity and sports test in NNCT male Students

    OpenAIRE

    内山, 了治; 塚田, 修三; 加藤, 俊也

    1996-01-01

    Purposes of this study were to clarify the relation between sports activity and sports test (physical fitness and motor performance) in N National College of Technology (NNCT) male students. Their sports activity were gathered information by questionnaires developed by Taisyuukann-tairyokukagakukennkyukai. Physical fitness and motor performance were measured by a sports test developed by Ministry of Education. The main results were as follows: 1) All year students; Average of physical fitness...

  13. 普通高校体育教育专业人才培养模式探讨%Exploration on Professional Talent Cultivation Mode in Sports Education Major of Regular Colleges and Universi-ties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘云朝

    2014-01-01

    The connotation of the properties of sports curriculum objectives in undergraduate universities is to establish and devel-op the internal sports curriculum system in undergraduate uni-versities, to form the development scheme with the most simpli-fied and optimized distribution system in the development system, and with the scheme as the general framework of development, to standardize the practice in teaching activities. Through elaborat-ing the social responsibilities of sports curriculum in undergrad-uate universities, this paper analyzed the education objectives of sports curriculum, thus providing theoretical support for the sci-entific and rational setting of sports courses in undergraduate u-niversities and the highlighting of curriculum features, and finally concluded strategies of professional talent cultivation in sports e-ducation major of regular colleges and universities.%本科院校体育课程目标属性的含义,在于对本科学校的内部体育课程体制设立并发展的同时,在发展系统中形成分配机制最为精简、优化的发展方案,并以此方案为发展的整体框架,对教学活动的实践进行规范。本文通过对本科学校体育课程的社会责任进行论述,分析了体育课程的教育目标,为科学合理地设置本科院校体育课程并突出课程特色提供科学的理论支持,总结出普通高校体育教育专业人才培养策略。

  14. To Explore the College Sports Facilities Open to the Society Should Pay Attention to the Problem%探索高校体育设施对社会开放应注意的问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白雨

    2014-01-01

    This paper mainly research on the problem that college sports facilities open to the public, hoping that find out the way which worth learning, letting the campus sports facilities open to the community go more smoothly. Because of the development of social and economic、people's living standards rising and changes of living habits and eating habits and so on, this paper firstly has analyzed that sports gradually became the important part in people's live and the situation of college sports measures open to the society .Then this paper explore that the process of physical measures in opening to the outside world, discussed the three aspects, such as universities of their own safety, management and the charges. In order to enhance the public's physical exercise and improve the quality of life, college sports facilities open to the community is in need of city development. Only do the open work reasonable, can let the university sports facilities open foreign continued.%主要探索关于高校体育设施对社会开放应注意的问题,希望从其中得出值得借鉴的办法,让往后校园体育设施对社会开放之路能走得更加平坦顺利。首先分析了在社会经济的发展,人们生活水平不断提高,生活习惯以及饮食习惯的变化,体育运动渐渐的成为了人们生活中不可或缺的生活情况下,高校体育措施对社会开放的现状,接下来探索高校体育措施对外开放过程中应注意的问题,主要从高校自身安全,管理以及对外开放所需要收取的费用,这三个方面展开详细的讨论。为了加强市民自身体育锻炼,全面提升生活质量的保证,高校体育设施对社会开放是城市发展所需要的,只有合理妥善的做好开放工作,才能让高校体育设施对外持续开放。

  15. Assessing the Quality of Mobile Exercise Apps Based on the American College of Sports Medicine Guidelines: A Reliable and Valid Scoring Instrument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Yi; Bian, Jiang; Leavitt, Trevor; Vincent, Heather K; Vander Zalm, Lindsey; Teurlings, Tyler L; Smith, Megan D; Modave, François

    2017-03-07

    Regular physical activity can not only help with weight management, but also lower cardiovascular risks, cancer rates, and chronic disease burden. Yet, only approximately 20% of Americans currently meet the physical activity guidelines recommended by the US Department of Health and Human Services. With the rapid development of mobile technologies, mobile apps have the potential to improve participation rates in exercise programs, particularly if they are evidence-based and are of sufficient content quality. The goal of this study was to develop and test an instrument, which was designed to score the content quality of exercise program apps with respect to the exercise guidelines set forth by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). We conducted two focus groups (N=14) to elicit input for developing a preliminary 27-item scoring instruments based on the ACSM exercise prescription guidelines. Three reviewers who were no sports medicine experts independently scored 28 exercise program apps using the instrument. Inter- and intra-rater reliability was assessed among the 3 reviewers. An expert reviewer, a Fellow of the ACSM, also scored the 28 apps to create criterion scores. Criterion validity was assessed by comparing nonexpert reviewers' scores to the criterion scores. Overall, inter- and intra-rater reliability was high with most coefficients being greater than .7. Inter-rater reliability coefficients ranged from .59 to .99, and intra-rater reliability coefficients ranged from .47 to 1.00. All reliability coefficients were statistically significant. Criterion validity was found to be excellent, with the weighted kappa statistics ranging from .67 to .99, indicating a substantial agreement between the scores of expert and nonexpert reviewers. Finally, all apps scored poorly against the ACSM exercise prescription guidelines. None of the apps received a score greater than 35, out of a possible maximal score of 70. We have developed and presented valid and reliable

  16. 珠三角地区普通高校体育课程瑜伽教学现状与对策研究%PRD Current Situation of College Sports Course Yoga Teaching and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李群凤

    2015-01-01

    瑜伽是集健、力、美于一体的一项体育运动,颇受当代大学生的欢迎和青睐。本文以珠三角地区的普通高校公共体育课程瑜伽教学为研究对象,运用文献资料、问卷调查、专家访谈等研究方法,对珠三角地区普通高校公共体育课程中瑜伽教学现状进行深入研究,发现其中存在的问题,并在此基础之上提出建设性的意见,为促进珠三角地区普通高校公共体育课程的教学改革提供新的思路。%Yoga is one kind of sport with an integrtion of health ,power and beauty being popular with contemporary college students .This paper ,taking the Pearl River Delta College public sports curriculum teaching yoga for the example ,using literature ,questionnaire survey ,ex‐pert interviews and other research methods ,studied the Pearl River Delta College Public Sport Course in Yoga Teaching Situation ,eventurally found some problems and then proposed constructive comments on this basis to provide new ideas for promoting the teaching reform in PRD or‐dinary college PE courses .

  17. Research on Relationship between Self-efficacy Attribution and College sports Performance in College Students%大学生自我效能感、归因与高校公共体育成绩关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林媛

    2011-01-01

    采用问卷调查法、数理分析法,分析了普通高校大学生自我效能感、归因与高校公共体育成绩标准化Z值的相关性。结果表明:自我效能感、归因与运动成绩标准化Z值都有高度显著性相关,从认知行为的角度阐述了产生结果的原因。建议在高校公共体育技术课程的教学中,指导学生正确归因,提高自我效能感水平,从而增强学生学习体育技能的积极性、主动性。%Using questionnaires,mathematical analysis method,the paper analyzes the correlation between self-efficacy,attribution and the standardized Z value of PE education in college students.The results indicate that there is a marked correlation between self-efficacy,attribution and the athletic performance standardize Z value.From cognitive behavior the paper explains the causes of this correlation.The paper recommends that it is necessary to guide students in terms of a correct attribution and to help student improve self-efficacy in PE education in colleges,thus improving students' initiative and willingness in learning sports skills.

  18. Xiangyang City Sports Resources in Colleges and Universities so Cialized Cervice Present Situation and Countermeasure Research%襄阳市高校体育资源社会化服务现状及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周央央; 雷鸣; 洪震

    2014-01-01

    随着高校体育专业办学内涵的不断丰富,其功能日趋多元化,它不但承担着为社会培养专门人才和科学研究的重任,还需要担负起服务社会和文化传承与创新的责任。本文运用文献资料、实地调查、访谈、逻辑分析等研究方法,对襄阳市高校体育资源社会化服务的现状进行了分析研究,认为:高校人力资源、场地设施、器材设备以及体育物质文化活动等资源较为丰富,但受到传统观念、管理制度、高校地里位置等因素制约,使高校丰富的体育资源不能很好地服务于社会。提出了高校体育教学内容应以职业能力为核心优化方案;培养实践型人才,为高校体育资源社会化服务作铺垫;创办大学生俱乐部;加强学校和各行业合作,加强高校体育文化多元化建设,提高社会化服务能力等对策建议。%With the enrichment of university sports professional education connotation, its function has become increasingly diversified, it is not only to cultivate specialized talents for the society and the important task of scientific research, also need to take the responsibility of the service the social and cultural inheritance and innovation. This paper USES literature, field survey, interview, logic analysis and other research methods, to xiangyang city, analyzed the present situation of sports resources in colleges and universities socialized service research, think: the university human resources, facilities, equipment, and sports material culture activities such as resource is rich, but influenced by traditional ideas, management system, the field position of colleges and universities and other factors, make the rich sports resources in colleges and universities can't very well in the service of society. Proposed the university sports teaching content should be vocational ability as the core optimization; Cultivate specialized talents oriented, foreshadowing

  19. Analysis on Sports Injury Condition of College Students in East Guangdong%粤东高校学生发生运动损伤现状的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连远斌

    2012-01-01

    Through using the method of literature review and questionnaire, this paper makes analysis on incidence of sports injuries of college students in east Guangdong, discusses the character and general pattern of sports injuries and put forward the precautionary measures. The main purpose is to provide the theoretical reference for effectively preventing sports injuries in future college physical education teaching, training and after - school activity.%本文通过问卷调查法和文献资料研究法等方法,对粤东高校学生发生运动损伤的情况进行调查分析,探讨其运动损伤的特点和规律,提出有针对性的预防措施,为今后高校体育教学、训练和课外体育活动中有效预防运动损伤提供一定的理论参考价值。

  20. An Investigation of Sports Life Style of College Teachers in Beijing%北京市普通高校教师体育生活方式的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王威

    2011-01-01

    Using literature and documentation, interviews, questionnaires, logical analysis and statistics and other research methods, we investigate the sports lifestyle of teachers in colleges and universities in Beijing, analyze the factors which influence it, and point out how to build a healthy lifestyle. To form a good sports lifestyle of college teachers of Beijing, to promote the healthy and orderly development of higher education in Beijing, to develop appropriate sports guidelines corresponding mass, policies and measures for the capital universities, this survey can provide a valuable reference%通过文献资料法、访谈法、问卷调查法、逻辑分析法和数理统计法等研究方法,对北京市普通高校教师的体育生活方式进行调查,并对其影响因素进行分析,提出了构建高校教师健康体育生活方式的对策。为北京市普通高校教师形成良好的体育生活方式,促进北京高等教育事业的健康有序发展,为首都高校制定相应的群众体育方针、政策、措施提供有价值的参考。

  1. 体育赛事热议事件对大学生价值观形成的影Ⅱ向%The Influence of Heated Sports Events on the Formation of Values of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴霞

    2012-01-01

    With the aid of media reports and intemet communication, coupled with sports star power, the sports events have attracted the youngster participation and aroused heated debate, which impose significant influence on the formation of values of college students. Based on the analysis of the characteristics of heated sports events, this thesis elaborates the influence of such events on the formation of values of college students.%体育比赛某事件通过新闻媒体的报道、网络的传播,在体育明星效应影响下,吸引年轻一代的广泛参与并形成热议,对当今大学生价值现形成具有重要的影响作用。本文在探讨体育赛事热议事件特性的基础上,阐述其对当代大学生价值观形成的影响作用。

  2. Research on College Students' Extracurricular Sports Activities Organization and Management Mode%普通高校大学生课外体育活动的组织管理模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凯

    2014-01-01

    Thia paper use of literature and questionnaires, site visits and other research methods, the status quo of college stu-dents in extra-curricular sports activities for development in Liaoning Province to investigate the characteristics and advan-tages and disadvantages of the current college extracurricular sports organization and management methods for analysis, summed up the impact of extracurricular activities factor in the development of extra-curricular sports activities of university organization and management model recommendations.%本文运用文献资料法和问卷调查、现场访问等研究方法,对辽宁省高校大学生课外体育活动发展现状进行调查,对目前高校课外体育活动组织管理方式的特点及利弊进行分析,总结出影响高校课外体育活动发展的因素,对高校课外体育活动的组织管理模式提出建议。

  3. Correlational research on influencing factors of sports self-handicapping for sports college students and scholastic attainment%体育教育专业大学生运动自我设限影响因素及与学业成绩的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐立彬; 李安民

    2012-01-01

    采用问卷调查和心理测量的研究方法,探讨了体育教育专业大学生运动自我设限的影响因素以及运动自我设限对学业成绩的预测作用。结果表明,男女同学的运动自我设限差异不显著;免试同学与未免试同学运动自我设限差异显著;不同自评任务难度等级之间运动自我设限差异显著;身体自尊总体与运动自我设限存在显著负相关;控制身体自尊变量后,运动自我设限与学业成绩存在显著负相关。%By questionnaire survey and mental measurement,discussing influencing factors of sports self-handicapping for sports college students and how to predict scholastic attainment.The results show:differences between the male and female students are not significant on sports self-handicapping;there are significant differences betweew the students who are excused from the examination and those who are not;sports self-handicapping among different task difficulties have significant differences;there is significant negative correlation between physical self-esteem and sports self-handicapping;if controlling the variable of physical self-esteem,there is significant negative correlation between sports self-handicapping and scholastic attainment.

  4. Sport Tourism Centres from Top Athletes’ Perspective: Differences among Sport Groups

    OpenAIRE

    Polanec Anze

    2014-01-01

    Background: Sport tourism plays an important role in the tourism industry and consequently in the economy. Sport tourism centres as providers of sport services need to be familiar with the basic needs of their customers and tailor their services accordingly. Objectives: The aim of the paper is to determine the models for customizing sport tourism services to address the needs specific for an individual sport. Methods/Approach: A questionnaire has been created and sent electronically or physic...

  5. Getting Exercise in College

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to play team sports. Check out intramural and club sports like soccer, basketball, lacrosse, ultimate Frisbee, and tons of others. Take a hike. Many schools have an outdoor recreation club that loans or rents equipment — everything from tents ...

  6. Influence of Dragon Boat Sport Curriculum Setting up on College Campus Sports Culture%龙舟运动课程的开设对高校校园体育文化的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵玉萍

    2014-01-01

    The dragon boat sport originated in China , it is a mass sports activities with strong ethnic characteristics with folk beliefs, and has a strong regional, mass and athletics.With the development of competitive sports, the dragon boat sport has become the Asian Games project successfully , the dragon boat sport is to develop for a long time, because its itself is the strong national characteristics and the spirit of solidarity , profound cultural connotation.This paper, through the literature review, logic analysis, expounds the origin of the dragon boat sport, discusses the intension of campus sports culture and education functions , expounds the opening of the dragon boat sport curriculum influence on campus sports culture .%龙舟运动起源于中国,是一项具有浓郁的民族特色的群众性体育活动带有民间信仰,具有很强的地域性、群众性和竞技性。随着竞技体育的发展,龙舟运动成功地成为了亚运会项目,龙舟运动之所以能够长久的发展下去,是因为其本身所具有的浓厚的民族特色和那种团结拼搏的精神,有着深厚的文化内涵。本文通过文献资料法、逻辑分析法阐述了龙舟运动的起源,探讨了校园体育文化的内涵及教育功能,阐述了龙舟运动课程的开设对校园体育文化的影响。

  7. Analysis of the Current Situation and Development Strategy of Folk Sports in Jiangxi Universities and colleges%江西高校开展民俗民间体育的现状剖析及发展策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐美琴; 徐增智

    2011-01-01

    By adopting questionnaire and interview it made an investigation in 16 universities and colleges with professional sports in Jiangxi directing at national traditional sports course, to expect for providing certain references for the Physical Education Department of Jiangxi Normal University curriculum specializing at new national traditional sports. The survey results show that : 1 ) items marginalization : the folk custom sport carfled out in colleges is faced with predicament; 2 )focalization: teaching content is excessively concentrating, lack of geographical features ; 3 ) excessive sports contents : folk sports ignore cultural heritage, and cultural identification is fuzzy. Relevant countermeasures : 1 ) construction of school - based curriculum : co - develop- ment of national sports and university sports curriculum; 2) rich ethnic traditional sports discipline connotation : the introduction of the local characteristics of ethnic sports resources, and course content enrichment ; 3 ) reiterating the contemporary value of national sports curriculum: the station is located on the promotion and cultivation of national spirit to strengthen cultural identity of a heightened awareness of its value.%采用问卷调查和访谈法针对江西省设有体育专业的16所高等院校其民族传统体育方向的开课现状进行调查研究,以期望为江西师范大学体育学院新增民族传统体育专业的课程设置提供一定的参考资料。调查结果表明:1)项目边缘化:民俗民间体育在普通高校开展面临窘况;2)内容集中化:教学内容过度集中,缺乏地域特色;3)内容过度体育化:民族民间体育忽视文化传承,文化认同模糊。相关对策:1)建设校本课程:民族体育项目与高校体育课程接轨发展;2)丰富民族传统体育学科专业内涵:引入当地特色民族体育资源,丰富课程内容;3)重

  8. Nutrition for winter sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Nanna L; Manore, Melinda M; Helle, Christine

    2011-01-01

    Winter sports are played in cold conditions on ice or snow and often at moderate to high altitude. The most important nutritional challenges for winter sport athletes exposed to environmental extremes include increased energy expenditure, accelerated muscle and liver glycogen utilization, exacerbated fluid loss, and increased iron turnover. Winter sports, however, vary greatly regarding their nutritional requirements due to variable physiological and physique characteristics, energy and substrate demands, and environmental training and competition conditions. What most winter sport athletes have in common is a relatively lean physique and high-intensity training periods, thus they require greater energy and nutrient intakes, along with adequate food and fluid before, during, and after training. Event fuelling is most challenging for cross-country skiers competing in long events, ski jumpers aiming to reduce their body weight, and those winter sport athletes incurring repeated qualification rounds and heats. These athletes need to ensure carbohydrate availability throughout competition. Finally, winter sport athletes may benefit from dietary and sport supplements; however, attention should be paid to safety and efficacy if supplementation is considered.

  9. MANAGEMENT OF SPORT COMPLEXES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian STAN

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The actuality of the investigated theme. Nowadays, human evolution, including his intellectual development, proves the fact that especially the creation manpower and the employment was the solution of all life’s ambitions in society. So, the fact is that in reality, man is the most important capital of the society. Also, in an individual’s life, the practice of sport plays a significant role and that’s why the initiation, the launch and the management of sports complexes activity reveal the existence of specific management features that we will identify and explain in the current study. The aim of the research refers to the elaboration of a theoretical base of the management of the sport complexes, to the pointing of the factors that influence the efficient existence and function of a sport complex in our country and to the determination of the responsibilities that have a manager who directs successfully the activity of the sport complexes. The investigation is based on theoretical methods, such as: scientific documentation, analysis, synthesis, comparison and on empirical research methods, like: study of researched literature and observation. The results of the research indicate the fact that the profitability of a sport complex must assure a particular structure to avoid the bankruptcy risk and also, that the administration of the sport complexes activity must keep in view the reliable functions of the contemporaneous management.

  10. Sports related ocular injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Avinash; Verma, Ashok K

    2012-07-01

    Every year > 600,000 sports and recreation related eye injuries occur, out of which roughly 13,500 of these result in permanent loss of sight. Up to 90% of these sports related eye injuries are preventable by using adequate eye protection equipment. Protective eyewear is made of polycarbonate, a highly impact-resistant plastic which is now easily available as prescription and non-prescription eyewear and all players should be encouraged to use them. The medical officers by educating their patients regarding the risks of eye injuries in various sports and the confirmed benefits of using protective equipment have the potential to prevent injury to over thousands of eyes every year. The medical fraternity can also play a very important role in educating the coaches, parents, and children and thus put an end to unnecessary blindness and vision loss from sports related ocular injuries, therefore ensuring a lifetime of healthy vision.

  11. 高校辅导员体育行为的性别差异及其对大学生的影响%Research on college counselors' gender differences influence on university students' sports behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    商伟; 韩流

    2012-01-01

    运用问卷调查及心理学理论分析高校辅导员性别差异对大学生体育行为的影响.研究结果表明:不同性别的辅导员对学生体育行为的影响是有差别的,男性辅导员对于学生体育行为的影响、促进及养成方面要比女性辅导员的作用更加明显.辅导员对学生体育行为的影响方式依次是体育意识的培养、对学生体育意识的教育、与学生一起参加体育锻炼、组织学生体育比赛、辅导员良好的体育行为与健康体魄的示范、购买体育器材等行动的支持,同时认为女性辅导员对学生体育意识教育的重视程度高于男性.%In this paper, we use the questionnaire survey and knowledge of psychology to analyze college counselor gender differences to the behavior of students'sports. The results show that the impact of different sex counselor to student sports behavior is different. For student sports behavior, male counselors have the more obvious role on promoting and developing than female counselors. The ways of influence of counselors to student sport behaviors are: Consciousness of Physical Training, education of the sports consciousness of students, and students participate in physical exercise, the student sports competitions, and good sportsmanship behavior counselor and a demonstration of good health, the purchase of sports equipment and so on. At the same time, we think that the female counselors pay more attention to sports awareness education than male counselors.

  12. The Influence of Sports Dance Teaching on College Students' Psychological Quality%体育舞蹈教学对大学生心理素质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱金慧

    2015-01-01

    Sports dance teaching improves the students' aesthetic quality, reduces the negative emotions, and promotes the students' physical and mental health. Therefore, college students should take the initiative to participate in sports dance, so that their own quality has been further improved.%体育舞蹈教学提高了大学生审美素质,降低了大学生的负面情绪,促进了大学生身心健康。因此,大学生要主动积极地参加体育舞蹈活动,使自身各方面素质都得到进一步提高。

  13. Exploratio n on the Micro-lecture of Discipline of Sports in Colleges and Universities in China%我国高校体育学微课探微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨青宝; 时立新

    2014-01-01

    This paper uses the method of documents and materials to comb the concept and characteristics of micro-lecture, analyzes the necessity , the strategy and prospect of carrying out the micro -lecture of discipline of sports in university , hopes to provide reference for the development of the micro -lecture of discipline of sports in colleges and universities in China .%运用文献资料法对微课的概念和特点进行了梳理,并对高校体育学微课开展的必要性、策略及前景展望等方面进行了论述,希望为高校体育学微课的发展提供借鉴和参考。

  14. 影响高等师范院校女生体育锻炼因素的研究%Research on the Influence Factors of Sport Exercise for Female Students in College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙桂芳

    2001-01-01

    The factors that influence first year female students sport exercise in college include education, interest, emotion, behavior and social factor. These factors have directly influence on awaking the interest of sport exercise, intensifying the behavior of physical activity, promoting the effect of physical activity an d realizing the goal of physical activity.%影响大学一年级女生体育锻炼的因素包括教育、兴趣、情感、意识、行为及社会因素等,这些因素对女生体育锻炼兴趣的激发、健身行为的强化、健身效果的提高、身心健康目标的实现具有直接的影响。

  15. Lasting Effect Mechanism of Constructing College Sunlight Sports under the Vision of SWOT Analysis%SWOT分析法视角下构建高校阳光体育运动长效机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王维兴; 张鹏飞

    2012-01-01

    With SWOT analysis for angle of view,this paper makes analysis on internal strengths and weakness,external opportunity and threat of sunlight sports developed in university.Based on it,lasting effect mechanism of constructing college sunlight sports is put forward.%本研究以SWOT分析法为视角,分析高校开展阳光体育运动的内部优势(Strengths)和劣势(Weak-ness),及其外部的机会(Opportunity)和威胁(Threats)。在此基础上,对构建高校阳光体育运动的长效机制提出对策。

  16. Brain network activation as a novel biomarker for the return-to-play pathway following sport-related brain injury: A prospective case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam W Kiefer

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Children and adolescent athletes are at a higher risk for concussion than adults, and also experience longer recovery times and increased associated symptoms. It has also recently been demonstrated that multiple, seemingly mild concussions may result in exacerbated and prolonged neurologic deficits. Objective assessments and return to play criteria are needed to reduce risk and morbidity associated with concussive events in these populations. Recent research has pushed to study the use of electroencephalography as an objective measure of brain injury. In the present case study, we present a novel approach that examines event related potentials via a brain network activation (BNA analysis as a biomarker of concussion and recovery. Specifically, changes in BNA scores as indexed through this approach, offer a potential indicator of neurological health as the BNA assessment qualitatively and quantitatively indexes the network dynamics associated with brain injury. Objective tools such as these support accurate and efficient assessment of brain injury and may offer a useful step in categorizing the temporal and spatial changes in brain activity following concussive blows, as well as the functional connectivity of brain networks, associated with concussion.

  17. 大学生运动伤害护理中 Haddon矩阵的应用%Application of haddon matrix on the nursing care of college students'sports injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪全海; 陆琳琳; 吴寿枝

    2015-01-01

    随着我国大学生人数的增多,大学生运动伤害逐步成为高校的重要公共卫生问题。大学生运动伤害具有发生率高、学生预防知识缺乏、学生自我救助及自我护理能力不高等特点,将H addo n矩阵运用到大学生运动伤害护理中能有效降低伤害的发生及其带来的不良后果。%With the increasing number of college students ,college students sports injuries gradually become an important public health problem .The injure have the characteristics of high incidence ,lacking of prevention knowl‐edge ,low self‐help and self care ability ,etc .Application of Haddon Matrix on the nursing care of college students , sports injury can effectively reduce the incidence of the damage ,reduce the adverse consequences .

  18. 高校体育单招专业理论课主体参与式教学模式初探%Analysis of Main Participation Teaching Mode of Sports Separate Enrollment Professional in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾静

    2014-01-01

    Sports theory class plays an important role in the separate enrollment professional sports of students , but the method theory teaching current has some disadvantages , resulting in sports theory course can not play its due role.According to the characteristics of students of separate enrollment professional sports , this paper analyzes the connotation of main participation teaching mode , and the necessity and function of course the main participatory teaching .There is an important significance to improve the teaching quality of the theoretical course .%体育理论课对体育单招专业学生有重要作用,但现行的理论课教学方法存在一定的弊端,导致理论课无法发挥出其应有的作用。针对体育单招学生的特点,分析主体参与式教学模式的内涵、体育单招专业理论课采用主体参与式教学的必要性和作用,对提高理论课教学质量有重要的意义。

  19. 安徽省高校体育教学环境的焦虑与应答%ANXIETY AND RESPONSE OF SPORTS TEACHING ENVIRONMENT IN ANHUI PROVRNCIAL COLLEGES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡晓菲; 王静; 谢永力

    2014-01-01

    高校体育教学是高校各学科教学中不可或缺的重要组成部分,其教学活动的开展是在特定的环境中进行的,此环境的优劣直接关系影响着体育教学的效果与质量。研究采用文献资料、问卷调查、实地考察、访谈、数理统计等研究方法,理清与梳理体育教学环境中的影响因素,并将其分门别类,深入探析每一因素对教学效果的影响,从中剥离出体育教学环境现状中的焦虑因素,并提出改善优化高校体育教学环境的一些应答方法,以期达到体育教学成效的最大化。%College sports teaching is an indispensable part of the various subjects teaching in colleges and universities and its teaching activities are carried out in a specific environment. Its environment directly influences the physical teaching quality. This study adopts the research methods of literature, questionnaire survey, on-the-spot investigation, interview, mathematical statistics to find out the factors influencing sports teaching environment and its environments are categorized. This paper also analyses the influence of each factor on the effect of teaching to find out the factors of anxiety, and puts forward the improving methods of optimizing sports teaching environment to maximize the effectiveness of sports teaching.

  20. 论普通高校俱乐部制体育课程的构建%On the Construction of Club-oriented Sports Courses in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤道志

    2012-01-01

    It's a rewarding experience to apply club-oriented teaching patterns to sports class in colleges and universities.The article points out the concept of club-oriented sports courses based on its attributes of voluntary choices,activities of autonomy,equality of interaction,enormous creative potentials,and strong belongingness.To adopt club-oriented sports courses we should not only lay stress on the overall arrangement of the courses and the teachers' predominant role,but also scientifically manage and moderately develop the existing facilities in Gyms.The construction of it conforms to the tendency of college sports development and meets the requirement of the times for the course reform.%将具有自主特性的体育俱乐部教学模式科学合理地运用到高校大体育课程中,是高校体育课程改革的有益尝试.在分析俱乐部模式选择的自愿性、活动的自主性、相处的平等性、蕴藏巨大的创造潜能、拥有归属感5个特征的基础上,提出高校俱乐部制体育课程概念.实施俱乐部制体育课程要从整体上把握课程结构布局,突出教师的主导地位,并对现有学校运动场馆设施进行科学管理和适度开发.构建俱乐部制体育课程符合高校体育思想的发展趋势,适应时代对高校体育课程的改革要求.

  1. 肇庆高校残疾学生体育权益保障研究%Research on the Sports Rights and Interests Guarantee of the Disabled Students in Zhaoqing Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔洪伟; 潘佐坚

    2016-01-01

    Disabled students, colleges and universities sports as the organization as a special branch, is important part of China's sports undertakings, to confirm and protect the sports rights of the disabled is a should be caused by government de-partments and disabled researchers pay great attention to the theory and practice. This research project by questionnaire and interview investigation, in September 2014 began on 5 universities in Zhaoqing college students with disabilities were in-vestigated, of disabled students sports rights protection, for the future to provide reference for their research on protection of rights and interests.%高校残疾学生体育作为该组织中特殊的一条分支,是我国体育事业的重要组成模块,确认和保障残疾人的体育权利,是一个应当引起政府部门和残疾人研究者非常重视的理论和实践方向。本研究项目采用调查问卷和访谈法进行调查,在2014年9月份开始对肇庆5所高校的在校残疾学生进行调查,探讨残疾学生体育权益保障问题,为今后他们权益保障研究提供参考依据。

  2. Suppression of Serum Prolactin Levels after Sports Concussion with Prompt Resolution Upon Independent Clinical Assessment To Permit Return-to-Play.

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Fountaine, Michael F; Toda, Michita; Testa, Anthony; Bauman, William A

    2016-05-01

    A significant outflow of neurotransmitters and metabolites with associated enhanced cortical excitation occurs after concussive head trauma. Cellular changes in the acute post-injury period cannot be observed directly in humans, and as such, require indirect evidence from systems sufficiently sensitive to central neuronal cellular excitation. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter with numerous targets in the central and peripheral nervous system. Changes to central dopaminergic tone result in reciprocal responses to the level of serum prolactin (PRL). Thus, a concussion may lead to abnormal dopaminergic tone, resulting in dynamic perturbations in the serum PRL concentration. To determine the effect of concussion on serum PRL concentrations, venipuncture was performed in the morning in four male intercollegiate athletes (age, 20 ± 1 years; height, 71 ± 5 inches; weight, 174 ± 21 pounds) within 48 h of concussion and again at 7 and 14 days post-injury. Serum PRL concentrations for each visit were categorized by quartile within the normal range. In all athletes, serum PRL concentrations increased from the lower quartiles in samples obtained closer to the time of injury to the higher quartiles at 14 days post-injury. These serum PRL changes accompanied the resolution of symptoms and the clinical decision to permit return-to-play. It may be postulated that transient augmentation of central dopaminergic tone resulted in inhibition of PRL secretion early after concussion and that disinhibition of PRL release occurred when central dopaminergic tone subsequently returned to baseline levels. This novel observation provides evidence for dopaminergic dysfunction after concussion that may be tracked by determination of serum PRL levels.

  3. 丽水学院体育专业学生人际关系的调查与研究%Lishui college sports professional students interpersonal relationship of investigation and research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞小亚

    2013-01-01

    Under the background of era of building a harmonious socialist society, the harmonious interpersonal relationship is still one of the goal of our pursuit. College students as a important and special group in society, their interpersonal relationship problem is becoming more and more attention by education workers. Based on the college students' interpersonal syndrome scale, to lishui college sports professional to survey 428 college students of different gender, grade, the results show that the professional sports college students in interpersonal conversation, interpersonal problems more in the dating; Students interpersonal relationships is given priority to with grade present ladder type; Interpersonal problems exist gender differences in welcoming guests, heterosexual contacts girls better than boys.%  在构建社会主义和谐社会的时代背景下,和谐的人际关系仍然是我们追求的目标之一。大学生作为社会中一个重要而特殊的群体,他们的人际关系问题日益受到教育工作者的广泛关注。本文采用大学生人际关系综合症段量表,对丽水学院体育专业不同性别、年级的428名大学生进行调查,结果表明:体育专业的大学生在人际交谈、人际交友方面的困扰相对较多;学生人际关系以年级为主呈现阶梯型;人际关系困扰存在性别差异,在待人接物、异性交往上女生明显优于男生。

  4. 对甘肃省独立学院体育课程体系构建的审思%Reflection of independent college sports curriculum system construction in gansu province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    南萍

    2014-01-01

    独立学院的兴起与发展具有特殊的历史背景、实践环境和独立建制,独立学院体育课程改革与发展亦具有内在的本质规定性。本文采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、访谈法,以甘肃省五所独立学院为研究对象,对独立学院体育课程体系中的教学目标、课程设置与教学内容、课程评价体系进行研究,以期为甘肃省独立学院体育课程体系的建设与发展提供参考依据。%The emergence and development of independent college has a special historical background, the practice environment and the independent organizational system, independent college sports curriculum reform and the development also has the nature of the inner stipulation. This article USES the literature material law, questionnaire survey method, interview method, five independent colleges in gansu province as the research object, the teaching goal of independent college sports curriculum system, curriculum setting and teaching content, curriculum evaluation system is studied, in order to independent colleges in gansu province provided a reference for the construction and development of physical education curriculum system.

  5. General practitioners knowledge, practice and training requirements in relation to doping in sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, C B; Moynihan, A

    2009-01-01

    This study examined General Practitioner's (GP) knowledge, practice and training requirements in relation to doping in sport in Ireland. All 2083 GPs on the Irish College of General Practitioners (ICGP) register received a postal questionnaire, yielding a 37% response rate (N=771, 63% male, average age 46.2 +/- 9SD, range 28-74 years). Results revealed that 14% (112) deemed their knowledge of doping agents to be good or very good, 12% (94) had completed specific training modules in doping or sport, and 24% (183) were connected with a specific sport as a team doctor/advisor. Over one in four (28%: 217) had been consulted for advice on doping in Sport, 33% (256) possessed the current list of prohibited substances, and 25% (190) knew of the Irish Sports Council's drug-testing procedures. The current initiatives to discourage doping in sport were felt to be ineffective, and although 92% (716) indicated that GPs had a role to play in the prevention of doping in sport, only 9% (66) felt adequately trained for such a role. There was overwhelming support for further training among GPs, although the most appropriate method of providing training is complex and requires strategic planning.

  6. On the Experiencing Type Teaching Mode of College Sports Dance Classes%高校体育舞蹈课体验式教学模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈可; 陈英军

    2011-01-01

    体验式教学模式作为一种全新的教学理念,对提高教学质量,培养高素质人才有着积极的推动作用,并具有可行性。针对体育舞蹈课的教学特点,可通过情境创设式、角色扮演式、模拟现场比赛式、启发诱导式、校外实训式等体验教学模式或途径去实施。%As a brand new teaching concept, the experiencing type teaching mode can improve the quality of teaching and promote the cultivation of high qualified talents, so it is quite necessary and feasible. In view of the teaching characteristics of sports dance classes, the experiencing type teaching mode can be implemented through different approaches, such as the creation of situations, role playing, analog - style game scene, inspired by induction, off - campus training, etc.

  7. A Survey of College Students' Sports-related Practical Competence%关于大学生体育实践能力现状的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李非

    2011-01-01

    A sports-related competence survey shows that the practical competence of college students scores the lowest compared with their aesthetic competence and comprehension.All the items under the rubric of practical competence are negatively marked,which include sports event organization,refereeing,self-adjustment in physical exercises,and so on.Generally speaking,college students have extremely poor practical competence related to sports.College physical education must take into consideration the training of this kind of competence.%对大学生体育实践能力的问卷调查表明:各项能力平均得分最高的是审美能力,其次为认识能力,最低的是实践能力;实践能力全部为负分,顺序为组织和裁判工作能力、体育项目自我锻炼能力、运动负荷自我调节能力、锻炼效果自我评价能力、对情感和情绪的自我控制能力;总的看来,当前大学生的体育实践能力严重缺乏。高校体育教学不能再延续以往只注重技术传授而忽略能力培养的模式,要将学生体育实践能力培养作为落实素质教育的关键。

  8. Effect Analysis of the College Sports Associations to Promote Mental Health of Medical Students%高校体育社团促进医学生心理健康的效应分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁红霞; 王哲

    2015-01-01

    Using the methods of literature, investigation method, mathematical statistics to investigate 273 students who took part in the sports associations of the undergraduate medical students, to understand the effect of sports club activities on mental health of medical students. The conclusion shows that medical students are not high-risk mental health disorders population; strengthening the construction of university sports associations and other sports activities of the organization is the effective way of mental health education; sports club activities choose the content and methods in line with characteristics of college students' psychological development, collective physical excercise program is more conducive to the development of students' psychological health.%运用文献资料法、调查法、数理统计法对273名参加体育社团的医学本科大学生进行调查,了解体育社团活动对医学专业大学生心理健康的改善效果.结论:医学专业大学生并非心理健康病症高发人群;加强高校体育社团等体育活动组织的建设是大学生心理健康教育的有效途径;体育社团活动要选择符合大学生心理发育特点的内容和方法,集体性体育锻炼项目更有利于大学生心理健康的发展.

  9. Talking about How to Give Full Play to the Educational Function of the Library of Higher Vocational College%浅谈如何发挥高职院校图书馆的教育职能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁列怡

    2015-01-01

    This paper briefly expounds the educational function of the library of higher vocational college, analyzes the reasons why the educational function of the library of higher vocational college is impeded, and puts forward some practical measures for giving full play to the educational function of the library of higher vocational college.%阐述了高职院校图书馆的教育职能,分析了阻碍高职院校图书馆教育职能发挥的原因,提出了发挥高职院校图书馆教育职能的对策。

  10. Former High School Student-Athletes' Academic, Social, and Emotional Adjustment to Community College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raye, Christopher M.

    2010-01-01

    The end of high school marks the time when the most number of individuals will end their participation playing sports at a competitive level. For those pursuing higher education, it has been viewed as a stressful experience for many freshmen. Former high school athletes that enter college as "students" and not…

  11. Effect of Hip Flexibility on Sprint of Sports College Entrance Examination%髋关节灵活性对体育高考生的短跑影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘宏斌

    2016-01-01

    对于体育高考生而言,短跑是一项必考科目。短跑的训练是教师在进行体育教学中不可忽视的一个重要部分。作为田径中最悠久的运动项目,人们对它的训练方法一直都有研究。在短跑过程中,髋关节有着非常重要的作用。近年来,随着体育高考的发展,体育教师对髋关节灵活性在短跑中的认识一直在加深。为了保证高考体育生在高考时,短跑项目取得较理想的成绩,教师在平时训练学生短跑的过程中,应该重视髋关节的灵活性训练。本文首先分析了训练髋关节灵活性的作用,其次提出了在短跑训练中提高髋关节灵活性的训练方法。%The sports college entrance examination students, sprint is a compulsory subject. Sprint training is an important part of teachers in physical education teaching can not be ignored. As one of the longest track and field sports, people have been studying its training methods. Hip joint has a very important role in the process of sprint. In recent years, with the devel-opment of the sports college entrance examination, physical education teachers' understanding of hip flexibility in sprint has been deepened. In order to ensure the college entrance examination sports students in the college entrance examination, the sprint project to achieve the desired results, teachers in the process of training students in peacetime, should pay attention to the flexibility of the hip joint training. This paper firstly analyzes the effect of training on the flexibility of hip joint, and then puts forward the training method to improve the flexibility of hip joint in sprint training.

  12. The Northern College Students' Winter Sports Exercise Status and Sustainable Development%北方高校大学生冬季体育锻炼现状及可持续发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜放; 王岚; 代莹; 何竹雨; 吴红雪; 张守伟

    2012-01-01

    In this paper,by using the method of documentary,questionnaire investigation,expert interview method,mathematical statistics method,eight universities in changchun 624 undergraduates,the winter sports exercise of field survey,draw the following conclusion:the majority of students to attend the winter sports activity more interested,but exercise frequency and time too few;The boy attend the physical exercise better than the girl;College students' winter sports training motivation mainly is the "enhanced physique,to improve health";Male college students to participate in sports exercise program to snow football,basketball and volleyball is given priority to,the girl is skating,badminton and tennis table for the Lord;College students' physical mainly adopts "spontaneous small groups" this one form;"Too little leisure time" and "learning the employment pressure big" winter is restricted by the college students in physical exercise main reason.%采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、专家访谈法、数理统计法等,对长春市8所高校624名在校大学生进行了冬季体育锻炼的实地调查,得出以下结论:大部分学生对参加冬季体育活动感兴趣,但锻炼频次和时间偏少;男生参加冬季项目的情况要好于女生;大学生参予冬季运动动机主要是"增强体质、增进健康";男大学生参加体育锻炼项目以雪地足球、篮球和排球为主,女生则以滑冰、羽毛球和乒乓球为主;大学生进行体育锻炼主要采取"自发小群体"这一形式;"余暇时间太少"和"学习就业压力大"是制约大学生冬季参加体育锻炼的主要原因。通过归纳与总结提出了相应的对策。

  13. Analysis of High-level Sports Teams in Chinese Colleges from the Perspective of New Institutionalism%中国高校高水平运动队的新制度主义分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈慧; 童蕊

    2012-01-01

    Highlevel sports teams in China' s colleges have more than 20 years history. Although some achieve ments have been achieved, there still exists some problems need to be solved. Based on the theory of new institu tionalism, this thesis explores the transition of highlevel sports teams in China ' s colleges from concept to system, the mythical and ceremonial formal structure, and the institutional arrangement of their legitimate identification. It concluded that in the concept perspective, there lacks cultural consensus; in the system perspective, there is seri ous reliance on the fixed path of development. It is therefore suggested that cultural consensus be constructed in college competitive sports, and organization structure be perfected so as to provide a new approach to the reform and development of highlevel sports teams in China' s colleges.%我国高校试办高水平运动队20多年的历程中,取得成绩的同时,亦存在许多亟待解决的问题。用新制度主义分析的理论基础,探讨中国高校高水平运动队从理念向制度的转型过程,及其成为神话与仪式的正式结构,拥有合法性组织身份的制度安排。得出结论:观念层面:文化共识不足;制度层面:路径依赖严重。并提出相应建议:加强高校竞体内涵共识的文化建设;完善组织结构环境整合的制度建设。以期为中国高校高水平运动队的改革与发展提供新的思路。

  14. Sports selection system in triathlon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volodymyr Vodlozerov

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to analyze the contents of the main stages of sports selection of triathletes. Material & Methods: study and generalization of special literature on the issue of sports selection in continuous triathlon, analysis of triathletes selection based on normative documents. Results: there were reviewed the particularities of sports selection of triathletes on each of its main stages and the role of heredity as a necessary condition for practicing sports for endurance, and also there was shown the procedure of calculation of rating points. Conclusions: sports selection plays a key role in the admission of pupils to the departments of triathlon in sports schools as well as in the formation of picked teams of all levels for participation in competitions on continuous triathlon.

  15. Promoting Effect of College Sports Club Activities on Mental Health of Medical Students%高校体育社团活动对医学生心理健康的促进作用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁红霞; 王哲

    2016-01-01

    Objectives Discussion the positive effect of sports club activities on the mental health of medical students,and provide the inference for the improvement of medical studentsmental health education.Methods U-sing SCL-90 symptom self rating scale to evaluate the mental health level of 273 undergraduate medical students par-ticipating in the sports associations and 104 non sports associations of college students and following up for 12 months.SPSS 21.0 software was used to analyze the data.Independent samples T test and paired T test evaluation test were used to compare and analyze,and the significant level was P <0.05 and P <0.01.Results Sports club ac-tivities for medical students,especially female students mental health improved significantly(P < 0.01 );Difficult-pretty and collective sports programs for mental health of college students obvious improvement.Conclusions Col-lege sports club activities have to a significant effect on improving medical studentsmental health,especially in the female group.The content and methods of Sports club activities should in line with characteristics of college students’psychological development.Collective physical exercises program is more conducive to the development of studentspsychological health.%目的:探讨体育社团活动对医学专业大学生心理健康的改善作用,为改进医学生心理健康教育方法提供依据。方法采用 SCL-90症状自评量表对273名参加体育社团的医学本科大学生和104名非体育社团大学生进行12个月的跟踪调查,运用 SPSS 21.0版本软件,采用独立样本 t 检验和配对试验 t 检验,对两者的测评结果进行比较和分析,显著性水平为 P <0.05和 P <0.01。结果体育社团成员大学生特别是女大学生心理健康的改善效果明显(P <0.01);表现难美类或集体性体育运动项目对大学生心理健康改善作用明显。结论高校体育社团活动改善医学专业大学生心理健康具有显

  16. Situation and influencing factors of sport injury among college students in Guangzhou%广州市大学生运动伤害现况及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白卫东; 张媛; 陈峰; 钟倩红; 陈青山; 李晓珍

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the situation and influencing factors of sport injury among Guangzhou college students, and to provide bases for the prevention. Methods Stratified and cluster random sampling method was used to choose 3 662 students from seven universities in Guangzhou. Results The incidence of sports injuries among college students in Guangzhou was 51.0% , the rate of male was significantly higher than that of female (X2 = 159.10.P <0.01) ; The locations of injury were primary in ankle joint (27.4% ) and hand (15.1% ) ; classifications were main in bruise (28.2%) and sprain (20.9%) ; Various colleges had various rales of injury) (P <0.05 ); Daily average time in learning, sleeping and using computer, participating in Associations of Athletics had effects on the occurrence of injury(P <0.05) . Basketball and soccer had positive correlation with injury( P<0.01)- lt was prone to injure while doing sport at afternoon(59.8% ) (x2 = 37.66,P<0.01); In addition, the condition of sport field and personal factors had relevant to the occurrence of sports injuries (P <0.05). Conclusion There are the high overall rate and many affecting factors of sports injures in Guangzhou universities. It is imperative to strengthen the measures of prevention and intervention in college sports injuries.%目的 了解广州市大学生运动伤害的发生现况及其影响因素,为预防控制运动伤害提供决策依据.方法 分层整群抽取广州市7所高校3 662名在校大学生进行问卷调查,并进行统计分析.结果 广州市大学生运动伤害的发生率为51.0%,男生高于女生(x2=159.10,P<0.01);损伤部位以踝关节(27.4%)和手部(15.1%)为主;损伤分类以皮肤伤(28.2%)和关节伤(20.9%)较多;运动伤害发生率在不同专业间差异有统计学意义(P值均<0.05);每天平均睡眠、学习、使用计算机的时间以及是否参加体育类协会对运动伤害的发生存在影响(P值均<0.05);参加篮

  17. Study on theT eachingM ode of College Sports Dance Club Tak ing th e Empl oymen t as Guide%以就业为向导的高等学校体育舞蹈俱乐部教学模式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙明华

    2014-01-01

    Through methods of documentation and logical analysis , this paper studies on the teaching mode of college sports dance club, analyzes the pros and cons of in the teaching process of sport dance Club teaching mode in colleges and universities, to provide reference for better employment results of col-lege graduates with the dance sport club teaching mode.%通过文献资料法和逻辑分析法等研究方法对高等学校体育舞蹈俱乐部教学模式进行研究,找出高校运用体育舞蹈俱乐部教学模式进行教学过程中存在的“利与弊”,使体育舞蹈俱乐部教学模式为高校毕业生更好就业发挥效果提供参考。

  18. Research on Ordinary College Sports Curriculum Resources Structure and the Characteristics ——Taking North Jiangsu Area as Example%普通高校体育课程资源结构层次与利用特征研究——以苏北地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史峰

    2012-01-01

    以苏北十所普通高校公共体育课为研究对象,运用文献资料、问卷调查、数理统计等方法,对苏北普通高校体育课程资源的结构与利用特征进行了研究,旨在把握课程资源的本质内涵,探讨地方高校体育课程资源的开发利用情况。%Taking the public sports courses of 10 ordinary colleges in north Jiangsu area as research subject, using the method of literature review, questionnaire and mathematical statistics, this paper makes study on ordinary college sports curriculum resources structure and characteristics. The main purpose is to master the essence of curriculum resources and discuss the development of local college sports curriculum resources.

  19. Concussions and Risk Within Cultural Contexts of Play.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres Colón, Gabriel Alejandro; Smith, Sharia; Fucillo, Jenny

    2017-06-01

    Concussions are a type of traumatic injury caused by a jolting of the brain that disrupts normal brain function, and multiple concussions can lead to serious long-term health consequences. In this article, we examine the relationship between college students' understanding of concussions and their willingness to continue playing despite the possibility of sustaining multiple head injuries. We use a mixed-methods approach that includes participant observation, cultural domain analysis, and structured interviews. Our research finds that students hold a robust cognitive understanding of concussion yet discursively frame concussions as skeletomuscular injuries. More importantly, students affirm the importance of playing sports for themselves and others, so their decisions to risk multiple concussions must be understood within cultural and biocultural contexts of meaningful social play. We suggest that peoples' decision to risk multiple head injuries should be understood as a desire for meaningful social play rather than an uninformed health risk.

  20. Learning Sports and Entertainment Marketing: "Apprentice" Style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weidlich, Jon

    2008-01-01

    The sports and entertainment marketing program is a satellite program of Great Oaks Institute of Technology and Career Development in Cincinnati. Held in two area school districts, at Winton Woods High School and North College Hill High School, sports and entertainment marketing has been a popular choice for students for more than a decade. The…

  1. Sport Injuries for Females: Incidence and Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kindig, Louise E.

    Comparisons between sport-related injuries for male and female athletes are discussed in relation to statistics gathered by the National Athletic Injury/Illness Reporting System (NAIRS) and other sources. Tables display data on: (1) athletic injuries and fatalities in colleges and universities by sport, l975-76; (2) average annual frequency of…

  2. Sport Injuries for Females: Incidence and Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kindig, Louise E.

    Comparisons between sport-related injuries for male and female athletes are discussed in relation to statistics gathered by the National Athletic Injury/Illness Reporting System (NAIRS) and other sources. Tables display data on: (1) athletic injuries and fatalities in colleges and universities by sport, l975-76; (2) average annual frequency of…

  3. Program and Curriculum Trends in Sport Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case, Bob; And Others

    A study assessed the present status of professional preparation programs in sport management at 134 four-year colleges and universities throughout the United States. The study survey attempted to find answers to four questions: (1) Has the number of professional preparation programs in sport management increased during the past three years? (2) Is…

  4. Skating Curriculum Teaching Plays a Positive Role in the Comprehensive Quality of College Students%滑冰课程教学对大学生综合素质的促进作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕宏宁; 李斌

    2015-01-01

    高校冬季体育教学对促进大学生身体素质的全面发展,培养大学生形成健全的人格具有重要的意义。高校冬季体育中的滑冰课程教学实践表明,通过滑冰课程教学能有效地发展大学生的身体素质,促进其运动技能能力的提高,对建立乐观的情绪与积极健康的心理状态、培养良好的意志品质、提高社会竞争意识、培养适应客观环境变化的能力,以及提升思想道德品质等综合素质具有不可替代的作用。%The winter sports teaching has an important significance for promoting the overall development of college students' physical quality and cultivating students to form a perfect personality. Skating practive in the winter sports teaching of colleges shows that by skating teaching,it can effectively develop students' physical quality,promote the ability of sports skill. It has an irreplaceable role in establishing a positive emotion and psychological state of health,developing good will quality,improving the social competition consciousness,cultivating the ability to adapt to the changes of objective environment,and enhancing the quality of ideological and moral quality.

  5. 高职院校体育课开展拓展训练的必要性%The Necessity of Outward Bound Entering into the Sports Class of Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢强

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes the necessity of outward bound entering into sports class of higher vocational colleges,and boldly proposes the idea of introducing outward bound into the physical education of higher vocational colleges.Outward bound can not only deve%分析拓展训练进入高职院校体育课程的必要性,大胆提出了将拓展训练引入高职院校体育课程的设想。拓展训练不仅能开发高职院校的体育课程资源,而且符合职业教育的要求。是高职体育教学改革发展的一个较好补充,必将对我国高职院校体育课程改革产生深远的影响。

  6. Analysis on Sports Injury of College Students in Ball Game Events%大学生球类项目运动损伤情况调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓倩

    2011-01-01

    球类项目在各高校蓬勃开展,深受广大学生的酷爱,但由于诸多主客观因素的影响,使运动损伤成为影响学生正常学习和活动的严重问题。本文旨在尽快强化在校大学生预防损伤的意识,加强体育保健指导,全面推行"健康体育",尽量预防或减少运动损伤的发生。%Having developed vigorously,ball games have been more popular in the colleges and universities in China.For many reason,however,sports injury has become a most physical serious problem which affects college students' regular studies and physical activitie

  7. 传统体育保健课对残疾大学生身心影响的研究%A Study of the Influence of Traditional Sports Health Care Class on Disabled College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘涛; 黄起东; 王晓林

    2014-01-01

    This paper expounds the necessity of traditional sports health care course in colleges and universities, analyzes the curriculum, characteristics and forms of teaching organization and also discusses the positive role of traditional PE class of health care on disabled college students’physical and mental health.%运用体育学、保健学、教育学等学科的理论知识,阐述了高校开设传统体育保健课程的必要性,研究了高校传统体育保健课程的设置、特点、教学组织形式,并探讨了传统体育保健课对残疾大学生身心的积极作用。

  8. Sport-Related Concussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brady, Don; Brady, Flo

    2011-01-01

    Sport-related concussions (SRC) are not limited to specific age ranges, professional athletes, or gender. The primary focus of much of SRC research pertains to the assessment, management, and return to play (RTP) of the concussed athlete. This article highlights some major issues of SRC along with some controversies that presently exist within the…

  9. Sport-Related Concussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brady, Don; Brady, Flo

    2011-01-01

    Sport-related concussions (SRC) are not limited to specific age ranges, professional athletes, or gender. The primary focus of much of SRC research pertains to the assessment, management, and return to play (RTP) of the concussed athlete. This article highlights some major issues of SRC along with some controversies that presently exist within the…

  10. 阳光运动背景下新疆高校开展体育俱乐部教学模式的可行性研究%Sports Xinjiang under the Sun College Sports Club Teaching Mode Carried out a Feasibility Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吾尔卡西·提依甫江

    2013-01-01

    "CPC Central Committee and State Council on strengthening youth sports enhance the views of adolescent physical"implementation,which greatly promoted the development of sports,physical edu-cation while a higher work requirements,with the sun,sports increasingly started to develop physical fit-ness in youth sports enhance young people also have a great university response,which requires the process of Physical Education in the introduction of more advanced and innovative teaching methods and teaching methods is important that we now need to do tasks.Based on the Xinjiang Construction on the implementation of sports clubs teaching model feasibility analysis,Xinjiang University explained the ad-vantages of teaching the Sports Club,also pointed out the deficiencies,and the corresponding development of countermeasures.Aimed at the development of colleges and universities in Xinjiang,and training students to develop awareness of sport to provide the basis for life.%《中共中央、国务院关于加强青少年体育增强青少年体质的意见》的实施,极大地推进了体育事业的发展,同时对体育教学工作也提出了更高要求。随着阳光体育活动的日益展开,发展青少年体育增强青少年体质在高校中产生极大的反响,这就要求在高校体育教学过程中引入更先进及有创新的教学手段和教学方法,是目前教学重要任务之一。文章通过对新疆高校大学体育实施体育俱乐部教学模式的可行性分析,阐明了新疆高校开展体育俱乐部教学的优势,同时指出了不足,并提出相应发展的对策。旨在为新疆高校运动的发展和培养大学生养成终身体育的意识提供依据。

  11. Theoretical Foundation and Practice Exploration on the Development of College Sports School-based Curriculum%大学体育校本课程开发的立论基础与途径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪波; 李慧萌

    2016-01-01

    This paper uses literature,expert interview,logic analysis and other research methods to explore the theoretical foun⁃dation and practical way on the development of college⁃based curriculum. Results:the policy of state sports curriculum reform, the current situation of student�physique health continued to decline,the disadvantages of traditional college sport curriculum, college curriculum resources advantage,the needs of“personalized” is the current college development of college⁃based curric⁃ulum of theoretical foundation. and in our school⁃based curriculum,we should take full advantage of human resources,material resources,environment resources,content resources and information resources. By doing these,we can provide theoretical and practical reference in promoting college sports school⁃based curriculum development,and promoting the college physical educa⁃tion curriculum reform.%采用文献资料、专家访谈、逻辑分析等研究方法对大学体育校本课程开发问题进行了研究。结果认为:国家出台的有关体育课程改革的政策、大学生体质健康持续下降的现状、传统大学体育课程的弊端、高校具备的课程资源优势、满足“个性化”的发展需求是当前大学体育校本课程开发的立论基础。同时提出“以人力资源为主导”“以物力资源为主导”“以环境资源为主导”“以内容资源为主导”“以信息资源为主导”的大学体育校本课程开发实施途径。旨在为推动大学体育校本课程开发,促进高校体育课程改革提供理论与实践参考。

  12. Rights of the Disabled to Participate in Recreational Sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson-Freeman, Gina; Gambino, Stephen

    1989-01-01

    The article discusses federal legislation and legal information on rights of physically disabled people to participate in recreational sports. The impact of recreational sports participation for these individuals is discussed, recommending college campuses act as arenas for integrative and adapted sport programing. Goals for recreational sports…

  13. “Double”Management Model on Sports Team Construction of Higher Vocational College Case Study on Huzhou Vocational and Technological College%高职院校运动队“双线”管理模式构建以湖州职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏娜

    2014-01-01

    Taking the sports teams in Huzhou Vocational and Technical College as the object,this research discusses how to make the healthy and continuous development of sports teams in higher vocational colleges.In order to achieve the goal of discovering talents,standardizing management and improving the results,this research tries to construct a “double”management model on school sports teams,so that to ease the difficulty in selection,organization,funding and security,gradually form the benign development on the level of theory and practice,and form the summary in the phase sense.This research can provide theoretical basis for the development of sports teams in higher vocational colleges.%以湖州职业技术学院校运动队为研究对象,探讨如何使高职院校运动队健康持续的发展,以发现人才、规范管理、赛出成绩,为目标,构建“双线”校运动队管理模式。缓解选才难、组织难、资金难、保障难的问题,逐步形成理论与实践层面的良性发展,并进行阶段性的总结。从而为高职院校运动队的发展提供相关理论依据。

  14. 试论普通高校运动训练专业教学人文教育与科学教育的研究%Research on humanities education and science education in ordinary college sports training professional teaching of

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文兵

    2014-01-01

    To cultivate the college sports training professional focus on sports professionals, while ignoring the humanistic education, in-depth analysis is given, proposes the suggestions on the organic combination of college training humane education and science education.%对于目前高等院校运动训练专业侧重于体育专业人材的培养,而忽略人文教育的问题,进行深入的剖析,为普通高校训练专业人文教育与科学教育的有机结合给出相关建议。

  15. Comparative Investigation on the Incidence of Sports Injury of Physical Education College Students%体育专业大学生运动损伤发病率的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任重宇; 杨光

    2011-01-01

    Objective:Through the investigation into and analysis of the causes,sport items,location of an injury,pathology,treatment measures and other aspects of the incidence of sports injury,the scientific theory and evidence can be found in order to prevent the occurrence of college students' sports injury.Methods:The researchers use the questionnaire and mathematical statistics to investigate the present college students' incidence of sports injury.Those students are from the physical education school of Normal University arranging from Grade 1 to Grade 3.The result shows that among the total 254 students,there are 229 students having the sports injury whose incidence is 90.1%.Investigation shows that the older the student is,the higher his or her incidence of sports injury is,and boys have a higher incidence than girls;the student,whose major is Physical Education,has a higher incidence than the one,whose major is Sports Training.In addition,the sports causing the sports injury occurs more often in the extra-curricular activities and sport competitions,of which the incidences are 62.9% and 23.2%.The sport causing the sports injury are mainly some with strong confrontation such as: big ball items and track and field,of which the incidences are 59.0% and 42.1%.And it mainly occurs at the location,limbs and trunk,of which the incidences are 64.4% and 14.0%.The direct reasons for causing the sport injury are shortage of preparations,overload of exercise,bad physical and mental condition and shortage of attention on the item.After the occurrence of sports injury,the main treatment measures are Chinese herbal therapy,physical therapy and rehabilitation exercise and so on.The conclusions are in the school of physical education of normal university male has a higher incidence than female,over all,the incidence of sports injury is still at a high level which is concerned closely with age,extra-curricular activities big ball items and etc.%目的:通过对体育专

  16. 河南省普通高校大学生体育生活方式的调查及其优化策略%Survey and Optimization Strategy of College Students'Sports Lifestyle in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海龙

    2014-01-01

    文章通过文献资料法、数理统计法、问卷调查法等研究方法对河南省大学生体育生活方式的现状进行探讨,进而提出优化策略,希望能够提高学生的体质健康水平,从而建立健康、文明的体育生活方式,为终身体育奠定基础。%This paper discusses the current situation of college and university students 'sports lifestyle in Henan province through the method of literature review , mathematical statistics , questionnaire survey and other research methods, and then put forward the optimization strategy .The main purpose is to improve the students'physical health level , and help them to establish healthy and civilized sports lifestyle , and lay a foundation for lifetime sports.

  17. 我国高校高水平运动队的 SWOT 分析%The SWOT Analysis on High Level Sports Teams in China Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨鹏; 刘英杰

    2014-01-01

    运用SWOT分析法、文献资料法对我国高校高水平运动队的优势、劣势、机遇和威胁分别进行研究。结果发现,制约高校高水平运动队发展的根本并不是高校优质生源不足、学训矛盾尖锐、经费短缺等因素,而是体制制约。并提出今后高校高水平运动队发展的设想。%By using the method of documentary and SWOT analysis this paper discusses the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of high level Sports Team in China colleges and universities.The results of this research find that it is not the lack of high-quality source of students, sharp contradiction between leaning and training and the shortage of funds that restrain the development of high level Sports Team but the system that regulates its growth.In this paper, also some suggestions for future development of high level Sports Team is included.

  18. Sport injuries in adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habelt, Susanne; Hasler, Carol Claudius; Steinbrück, Klaus; Majewski, Martin

    2011-01-01

    In spite of the wide range of injuries in adolescents during sports activities, there are only a few studies investigating the type and frequency of sport injuries in puberty. However, this information may help to prevent, diagnose and treat sports injuries among teens. 4468 injuries in adolescent patients were treated over a ten year period of time: 66,97% were boys and 32.88% girls. The most frequent sports injuries were football (31.13%) followed by handball (8.89%) and sports during school (8.77%). The lower extremity was involved in 68.71% of the cases. Knee problems were seen in 29.79% of the patients; 2.57% spine and 1.99% head injuries. Injuries consisted primarily of distortions (35.34%) and ligament tears (18.76%); 9,00% of all injuries were fractures. We found more skin wounds (6:1) and fractures (7:2) in male patients compared to females. The risk of ligament tears was highest during skiing. Three of four ski injuries led to knee problems. Spine injuries were observed most often during horse riding (1:6). Head injuries were seen in bicycle accidents (1:3). Head injuries were seen in male patients much more often then in female patients (21:1). Fractures were noted during football (1:9), skiing (1:9), inline (2:3), and during school sports (1:11). Many adolescents participate in various sports. Notwithstanding the methodological problems with epidemiological data, there is no doubt about the large number of athletes sustain musculoskeletal injuries, sometimes serious. In most instances, the accident does not happened during professional sports and training. Therefore, school teachers and low league trainer play an important role preventing further accidence based on knowledge of individual risk patterns of different sports. It is imperative to provide preventive medical check-ups, to monitor the sport-specific needs for each individual sports, to observe the training skills as well as physical fitness needed and to evaluation coaches education. PMID

  19. Sport injuries in adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Habelt

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In spite of the wide range of injuries in adolescents during sports activities, there are only a few studies investigating the type and frequency of sport injuries in puberty. However, this information may help to prevent, diagnose and treat sports injuries among teens. 4468 injuries in adolescent patients were treated over a ten year period of time: 66,97% were boys and 32.88% girls. The most frequent sports injuries were football (31.13% followed by handball (8.89% and sports during school (8.77%. The lower extremity was involved in 68.71% of the cases. Knee problems were seen in 29.79% of the patients; 2.57% spine and 1.99% head injuries. Injuries consisted primarily of distortions (35.34% and ligament tears (18.76%; 9,00% of all injuries were fractures. We found more skin wounds (6:1 and fractures (7:2 in male patients compared to females. The risk of ligament tears was highest during skiing. Three of four ski injuries led to knee problems. Spine injuries were observed most often during horse riding (1:6. Head injuries were seen in bicycle accidents (1:3. Head injuries were seen in male patients much more often then in female patients (21:1. Fractures were noted during football (1:9, skiing (1:9, inline (2:3, and during school sports (1:11. Many adolescents participate in various sports. Notwithstanding the methodological problems with epidemiological data, there is no doubt about the large number of athletes sustain musculoskeletal injuries, sometimes serious. In most instances, the accident does not happened during professional sports and training. Therefore, school teachers and low league trainer play an important role preventing further accidence based on knowledge of individual risk patterns of different sports. It is imperative to provide preventive medical check-ups, to monitor the sport-specific needs for each individual sports, to observe the training skills as well as physical fitness needed and to evaluation coaches education.

  20. Intervention program in college instrumental musicians, with kinematics analysis of cello and flute playing: a combined program of yogic breathing and muscle strengthening-flexibility exercises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sang-Hie; Carey, Stephanie; Dubey, Rajiv; Matz, Rachel

    2012-06-01

    College musicians encounter health risks not dissimilar to those of professional musicians. Fifteen collegiate instrumental musicians participated in the intervention program of yogic-breathing and muscle-strengthening and flexibility exercises for 8 weeks. Pre- and post-intervention data from the Health-Pain-Injury Inventory (HPI) and the Physical & Musical-Performance Efficacy Assessment Survey (PME) were analyzed for the effects of the program on the musicians' physical and musical-performance efficacy. HPI results showed that the majority of our sample had healthy lifestyles and minimal pain and injuries but irregular eating and exercise habits. The pre-intervention PME data showed a high level of musical efficacy (i.e., awareness of music technique, tone, and flow) but a low-level of physical efficacy (i.e., awareness of posture, tension, and movement flexibility). Post-intervention data showed that the program improved physical efficacy by increased awareness of posture and tension. In 2 volunteer musicians, kinematics motion analysis was conducted for exploratory purposes. Our cellist played the scale using a larger range of motion (ROM) in right shoulder flexion and abduction and slightly increased rotation while keeping decreased right elbow ROM after the intervention program. The flutist shifted the body weight from one foot to the other more in the second playing post-intervention. These changes can be attributed to the increased physical efficacy that allowed freedom to express musicality. Findings from these case scenarios provide empirically based hypotheses for further study. We share our experience so that others may use our model and instruments to develop studies with larger samples.

  1. Study on the imputation of students’injury accidents in college competitive sports%论高校竞技体育运动中学生伤害事故的归责研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁凯

    2012-01-01

      随着高校体育事业的发展,体育运动中学生伤害事故的处理受到了社会各界的普遍关注。由于竞技体育运动自身的特点,它所导致的学生人身伤害事故的处理有其特殊性,它不能像一般的体育伤害事故一样适用过错责任原则,法律上也没有明确规定适用无过错责任原则,司法实践中按照公平责任原则的处理,既不能使学生和家长满意,而且对校方来说也很不公平,借鉴国外相关立法经验,我国应当在高校竞技体育运动中明确确立过错责任原则,引入风险自负理论,使过错及责任主体的认定进一步合理化。%  With the development of college sports, students injury treatment in sports is concerned by all sectors of society. The treatment for the personal injury accident has its particularity because of the sports movements’ own characteristics. It neither can apply fault responsibility principles like general sports hurt accident, nor has the law clearly defined applicable to the principle of liability without fault. Processing in accordance with the principle of equitable responsibility in the judicial practice neither makes students and parents satisfied, nor is very fair for the school. Using the related legislative experience of foreign countries for reference, China should be clearly established the principle of fault liability in the college athletic sports and introduce the theory of self-responsibility for risk to make affirmation of fault and liability subject further reasonable.

  2. 体育专业在校大学生创业现状的调查研究——以宿州学院体育学院学生为例%The Investigation of Present Situation of Professional Sports College Students Entrepreneurship:Take Suzhou University as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田慧丽

    2015-01-01

    采用文献资料法、问卷调查法等研究方法,对宿州学院体育专业在校大学生创业现状进行调查研究.结果显示:体育专业在校生中男生创业人数远高于女生;高年级大学生创业人数多,低年级创业人数少;体育专业在校大学生创业的形式以开设培训班和自己开网店为主;影响其创业的因素有家庭因素、社会环境因素、就业因素、资金因素、个人因素等.%By adopting the methods of documentary, questionnaire investigation, the present conditions of the professional sports college students entrepreneurship of Suzhou University is researched. Results showed that: the boy is far higher than girls to be entrepreneurial, the number is far higher than female college students entrepreneurship; professional sports college students mainly concentrated in the higher grades, junior entrepreneurship fewer student; professional sports college students entrepreneurial form is given priority to with open training and open shop; the main factors influencing the sports specialized college students entrepreneurship has family factors, social environmental factors, employment, financial factors, individual factors, etc.

  3. Eye Injuries in Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in Sports Which sports cause the most eye injuries?Sports cause more than 40,000 eye injuries each ... and racquet sports.When it comes to eye injuries, sports can be classified as low risk, high risk ...

  4. Correlation between mental health and sports life style of vocational college students%高职大学生体育生活方式与心理健康的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯海燕; 谈群林

    2011-01-01

    Selecting the students coming from Jiangmen Vocational and Technical College as object, the paper surveys the constitution of their mental health and sports life style through the method of questionnaire and so on in order to comprehend it and explore their relationship. The results showed that: vocational college students are in poor mental health, there was asignificant difference in factors of sports lifestyle and mental health such as gender, grade, source areas and so on; sports lifestyle was highly correlated with the construction of mental health in general. It suggests that vocational college should consider the reality of students physical life and promote the formation of a good sports lifestyle in order to enhance the healthy development of their physical and mental health.%摘要:本研究以高职大学生为对象,采用问卷法访谈法等对其体育生活方式及心理健康进行调查,以了解高职大学生体育生活方式与心理健康状况,探讨其体育生活方式与心理健康的关系。结果表明:高职大学生的心理健康状况不佳;体育生活方式与心理健康状况的一些因子在性别、年级、来源地域等方面存在显著差异;体育生活方式与心理健康状况在总体上高度相关。建议学院从学生的体育生活实际出发,促进学生良好体育生活方式的养成,以增进其身心的健康发展。

  5. 大型体育赛事大学生志愿者参与动机的研究%Motivation of college volunteers participating in the large-scale sports events

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑志丹

    2011-01-01

    就大型体育赛事大学生志愿者参与动机对大学生志愿者进行调查.研究表明:认同动机、利他动机、成就动机、社交动机、压力动机五个维度构成大学生参与大型体育赛事志愿服务动机的因子结构体系.一定的历史时期、社会文化环境、个体生活经验等因素与大学生参与大型体育赛事志愿服务动机具有密不可分的内在关系.%Adopting methods of documenting,questionnaire,expert interviewing and mathematics statistics,etc.,as for the motivation of college volunteers participating in the large-scale sports events,the paper has done the study on the college volunteers who participated in the 6th National Peasant Sports Meet hold in Quanzhou City in 2008.The study has shown that the factor structure system of motivation is made of the motivation of identity,benefiting others,achievement,social communication and press.A certain historical period,social and cultural environment,individual life experiences,etc.have the intimate relationship with the motivation.

  6. With Mata-analysis of Sports from Research on the Effect of College Students’ Addiction%用元分析的方法对体育运动戒除大学生网瘾效果的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶杭成; 郑颂平; 王璐

    2014-01-01

    Along with the network popularization and use in colleges and universities of expanding and development of the network bring college students more colorful life,but the Internet addiction is also more and more.This article is using the Meta-analysis method for the treatment of former sports addiction again through the data analysis,so as to prove that sports can effectively treat Internet addiction.%随着网络在高校中普及和运用的不断扩大与发展,网络给大学生带来更多丰富多彩的生活,但是,网瘾的情况也越来越多。利用元分析方法对以前的体育运动治疗网瘾的数据进行再分析,从而证明体育运动能够有效治疗网瘾。

  7. The Theoretical Thinking on the Postgraduate Training Mechanisms Reform in Sports College%新型体育学研究生培养机制改革的理论思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任占兵

    2012-01-01

    Through understanding the connotation of the postgraduate training mechanisms reform in sports college,we have pointed out that the current postgraduate training mechanisms reform should focus on graduate pay policies and the financial support reform,the distribution of the number of admissions and the right of the mentors to select graduate students.The postgraduate training mechanisms reform in sports college should emphasize the path to scientific research-oriented system for instructors,further improve the financial support to the postgraduate,and explore a new type of training model,and promote the internationalization of graduate education.%通过对体育学研究生培养机制改革内涵的认识,指出当前我国体育学研究生培养机制改革应重点关注研究生缴费及资助政策、导师招生数量的分配和导师选拔研究生的自主权等三个方面,新型体育学研究生培养机制改革的路径要强调以科研为主导的导师负责制,进一步完善研究生培养经费问题,探索新型的培养模式,推进研究生教育的国际化。

  8. 高校体育教学改革中如何重视学生的主体地位%How to Pay Attention to the Dominant Position of Students in the Reform of College Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘善国

    2015-01-01

    本文结合教学实践,阐释了在高校体育教学改革中重视学生主体地位的重要意义,从熟谙学情、整合教学内容、创新教学方法、营造和谐民主教学氛围和完善教学评价方案,探讨了在高校体育教学改革中重视大学生主体地位的措施与方法.%Combining teaching practice, explain the attention of the student body position in the reform of college sports in the importance of learning from a familiar situation, the integration of teaching content, innovative teaching methods, to cre-ate a harmonious atmosphere for teaching and improve the teaching of democratic evaluation program discussed the measures and methods in college sports teaching to pay attention to the dominant position of students.

  9. Influence of Basketball Sports on Prevention and Treatment of College Students' Obsessive Compulsive Disorder%浅谈篮球运动对防治大学生强迫症的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凯

    2012-01-01

    Obsessive compulsive disorder is a major manifestation of abnormal psychology, and accounted for a high proportion in college students' psychological abnormalities. It is one of the main factors influencing college students completing their studies. In the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder, in addition to drug treatment and psychological treatment, in recent year, exercise therapy has got attention by a lot of obsessive compulsive disorder patients. This paper, from the feature of basketball sports, taking the student's popularity and fitness values as breakthrough, points out that the basketball sports has positive effect on treating the obsessive compulsive disorder.%强迫症是心理异常一个主要表现,在大学生心理异常方面占很高的比例,是影响大学生正常完成学业的一个主要因素。在强迫症的治疗上,除了药物治疗和心理治疗以外,近年来,运动疗法也受到了很多强迫症患者的关注。本文从篮球运动的特点、在大学生的普及程度和健身价值入手理,分析了篮球运动在治疗和预防强迫症方面具有一定的积极效果。

  10. 论“90后”高职院校学生体育兴趣的培养%On the Cultivation of"Post-90s"Higher Vocational College Students' Interest in Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒新建

    2013-01-01

    This paper elaborates on the definition and the role of interest in sports, analyzes the physiological and psychological characteristics of "post-90s" students, and explores the effective ways of cultivating "post-90s" higher vocational college students' interest in sports, with a view to arousing the enthusiasm of "post-90s" students taking P.E. classes in higher vocational colleges adequately, enhancing the teaching quality of P.E. classes, developing the students' comprehensive quality, and cultivating their lifelong consciousness of physical exercises.%本文阐述了体育兴趣的概念及体育兴趣在体育教学中的作用,分析了“90后”学生的生理和心理方面的特点,探讨了培养“90后”高职院校学生体育兴趣的有效方法,以期充分调动“90后”高职院校学生上体育课的积极性,提高体育课教学质量,改善学生的综合素质,培养他们终身体育锻炼的意识。

  11. 电子竞技对大学生生活满意度影响研究%On the Effects of E-Sports on College Students' Life Satisfaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高文倩; 陈涌凌; 周萍; 梁同福

    2015-01-01

    为研究大学生参与电子竞技运动对生活满意度的影响,文章运用文献资料法、专家访谈法和问卷调查法等,在了解总体情况的基础上,将友谊、家庭、学校、环境、自由、学业与网络成瘾性进行相关性分析。结果显示,大学生总体生活满意度高于检验值(144)且处于较高水平,生活满意度与性别、网瘾程度、参与电子竞技与否等存在一定关系。%For the study of college students to participate in e-sports movement influence on life satisfaction, using the methods of literature, expert interview and questionnaire investigation, etc., the paper makes a correlation analysis on friendship, family, school, environment, freedom, education with network addiction. Results show that college students' general life satisfaction is higher than the test value (144) and at higher levels, life satisfaction and gender, the degree of Internet addiction, participate in e-sports or not there is a certain relationship.

  12. Empirical Study on the Positive Effects of Sports on the Reduction of College Students' Addiction to the Internet%体育运动干预高校大学生网瘾的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙明莲; 龙小泉

    2011-01-01

    Based on experiment group and non-experiment group,altogether 24 college students as subjects,this paper studies the effects of sports on the reduction of college students' addiction to the Internet.The result is positive.It means that the prescription of sports is effective and sustainable.%选取24名网络成瘾高校大学生为研究对象,分为对照组和实验组。针对实验组学生网络成瘾问题进行综合分析,开出对应的体育运动方法进行干预。结果表明:实验组学生在运动后网络成瘾测评数值得分降低幅度非常明显。体育运动对于促进大学生心理康复有积极作用,从而有效地戒除网瘾。回测数据表明,运动处方对大学生预防和戒除网络成瘾具有效性和可持续性,且戒后不反弹。

  13. Analysis of the impact on sports performance skill exam anxiety in Hunan sports college entrance examination students%湖南体育高考生术科考试考前焦虑对运动成绩的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈采英

    2015-01-01

    college entrance examination of physical education is the sports category candidates a very important exam, the anxiety of examination candidates tend to have an impact on their athletic performance, and level of P.E. exam scores directly affect the candidate''s entrance. This article is for the purpose of sports psychology theory as the support, scientific analysis of the candidates exam anxiety of athletic performance influence, and puts forward corresponding countermeasures, for sports training and coaches to improve the psychological state of the candidates to provide a reference.%体育高考是体育类考生一项非常重要的考试,考生对考试的焦虑往往会对自身的运动成绩产生影响,而体育术科考试成绩的高低直接影响考生的升学.本文旨在以体育心理学理论为支撑,科学分析考生的考前焦虑对运动成绩的影响,并提出相应的对策,为体育训练和教练员改善考生的心理状态提供参考.

  14. 非体育专业大学生公共体育选修课态度的调查与分析%The Attitude Surveys and Analysis of Public Sports Electives Attitude of Non-sports Majors Students in College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    艾热提·买提热依木

    2013-01-01

    The survey mathematical statistics, interviews, documentation and so on my way to my school students opened by the attitude of the sports elective course on the analysis results show that the current elective course I school sports education and teaching The practice had a positive attitude and negative attitude, in order to solve the problem of negative, which analyzed the causes and made a perfect college sports elective course of coun-termeasures and suggestions.%  文章采用问卷调查法、数理统计法、访谈法和文献资料等方法,对大学生对高校所开设的体育选修课的态度进行分析研究,目前大学生对高校体育选修课教育教学实践的态度产生了积极和消极态度,分析了消极态度原因,并提出了完善高校体育选修课的对策与建议。

  15. Teaching Sport as History, History through Sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheeler, Robert F.

    1978-01-01

    Describes an undergraduate history course based on two themes: sport as a reflection of society and sport as a socializing agent affecting society. The course focuses on sports and industrialization, traditional and modern sports, political and economic aspects of sport, and inequality and discrimination in sports. (Author/JK)

  16. The Design and Development of College Sports Management and Scheduling System%高校体育竞赛管理与编排系统的设计与开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐江飞; 聂维

    2016-01-01

    For colleges and universities sports competition for high efficiency,perfect management,using Visual Studio 2008 for website development,C # development language as the background.Using SQL Server 2005 to set up and maintenance of background database,ASP.NET technology to realize system development,using three layer architecture was designed and implemented a sports competition management and scheduling system.This system can realize the automation management for colleges and universities sports competitions and choreography,effectively solve the traditional way of problem such as time-consuming,laborious,imperfect,has a simple,science,the advantages of easy to use.%为了对高校的体育竞赛进行高效、完善的管理,使用Visual Studio 2008进行网站开发,C#作为后台开发语言,采用SQL Server 2005建立和维护后台数据库,ASP.NET技术实现系统的开发,采用三层架构设计并实现了一个体育竞赛管理与编排系统。本系统能够实现高校体育竞赛与编排的自动化管理,有效地解决了传统方式的费时、费力、不完善等问题,具有简单、科学,易于使用的优点。

  17. Study and Relization of College Sports Meeting Schedule Based on Immune Genetic Algorithm%基于免疫遗传算法的高校运动会赛程编排问题研究与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋尚亭

    2014-01-01

    随着信息化技术在高校的推广,我国部分高校已经开始利用计算机技术来进行高校运动会的管理,但赛程编排工作一直困扰着运动会管理人员,经过分析和研究提出一种基于免疫遗传算法的高校运动会赛程编排方法。免疫遗传算法将生物免疫原理引入到传统遗传算法中,通过接种疫苗来提高抗体的适应度,从而防止种群快速退化。最后通过相关实验说明免疫遗传算法与传统遗传算的性能差异,并利用免疫遗传算法来解决高校运动会赛程编排问题。%With the popularization of information technology in colleges and universities, some universities in China begin to use computer technology in college sports meeting management, but the arrangement work has been plagued by sports management personnel, through the analysis and study, it presents a method of arranging the movement will be based on immune genetic algorithm. Immune genetic algorithm to the biological immune principle is introduced to the traditional genetic algorithm, through vaccination to improve antibody fitness, so as to prevent the rapid degradation of population. Finally this paper illustrate the performance differences of immune genetic algorithm and traditional genetic algorithm through experiments, and the use of immune genetic algorithm to solve the sports meeting schedule problem.

  18. Comparative Analysis of Different Sports Injuries of College Sports Team%高校运动队不同专项运动损伤的比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁家琪; 廖春海

    2012-01-01

    A survey on sports injuries of nearly one thousand different athletes in Guangdong universities shows that the attack rate among them is 19.7%, and that they suffer from injuries on an average of 1.47 times. The most common sports injuries include muscle strain, sprain, contusion and tendon ligament injuries. Bone fracture is a more severely sports injuries, where ankle joints, knee joints and the thighs are the most susceptible parts. Basketball, football and martial art are the sports which can easi- ly lead to injuries. Sports injuries are mainly acute injuries and can mainly cause mild and moderate trauma while training. Athletes can recover from injuries after proper rest and adjustment of training.%通过对广东省高校近千名不同专项运动员进行运动损伤调查研究,结果表明:高校运动员运动损伤发病率为19.7%,受伤者人均受伤1.47次/人;高校运动员最易出现的运动损伤是肌肉拉伤、扭伤或挫伤和肌腱韧带损伤,较严重的运动创伤是骨折或骨裂伤损伤部位主要集中在踝关节、膝关节和大腿部位;受伤比率最高的运动项目是篮球、足球和武术;运动损伤以急性损伤为主,且在训练中所受运动创伤以轻伤和中度创伤为主,受伤后运动员适当休息或调整训练计划后大多会快速痊愈。

  19. Sports Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洪毓

    2004-01-01

    Sports medicine has become one of the biggest and fastest growing medical fields in recent years. That is because sports have become a major part of most societies. As work becomes more stressful (紧张的,压力重

  20. Sports Physicals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Prepare for Your Sports Season Choosing the Right Sport for You Contact Us Print Resources Send to a Friend Permissions Guidelines Note: Clicking these links will take you to a site outside of KidsHealth's control. About TeensHealth Nemours.org Reading ...

  1. Sport Toekomstverkenning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marieke van Bakel; Ine Pulles; Annet Tiessen-Raaphorst; Frank den Hertog; Robert Vonk; Casper Schoemaker

    2017-01-01

    Deze publicatie verschijnt enkel digitaal op www.sporttoekomstverkenning.nl. Welke maatschappelijke veranderingen beïnvloeden de sport in Nederland? Waar gaat het heen met de sport tussen nu en 2040? Welke kansen, maar ook keuzes biedt dit voor de sportsector en het sportbeleid? Deze vragen

  2. Sports Physicals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... more specific about athletic issues. During a regular physical, however, your doctor will address your overall well-being, which may include things that are unrelated to sports. You can ask your doctor to give you both types of ... if your sports physical exam doesn't reveal any problems, it's always ...

  3. Sports Nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri State Dept. of Health, Jefferson City.

    This guide deals with various aspects of sports and nutrition. Twelve chapters are included: (1) "Sports and Nutrition"; (2) "Eat to Compete"; (3) "Fit Folks Need Fit Food"; (4) "The Food Guide Pyramid"; (5) "Fat Finder's Guide"; (6) "Pre- and Post-Event Meals"; (7) "Tips for the…

  4. Paralympic Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The sport movement for persons with a disability has changed dramatically over the last dec- ades with even more changes ahead.Public awareness has increased.More and more individuals with a disability of all ages find interest in sport.

  5. Sport Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkhouse, Bonnie L., Ed.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Traditional teaching and coaching positions have become scarce but the expanding field of sport management has created its own job market, demanding new skills and preparation. Three articles are offered that explore different aspects and possibilities for a sport management career. (DF)

  6. On the Influence of Sports Activities on Mental Health of College Students%论体育运动对大学生心理健康的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚冰珂

    2016-01-01

    Recent years have seen frequent news report of college students ’ suicide and crime .Behind the series of news is the unpromising mental status of Chinese college students .College students are the important foundation for China’s future development and whether the group can be developed both physically and mentally has bearing on China’s fate.In the process of emphasizing the mastery and improvement of knowledge and skills , students’ mental health education should not be neglected .Sports activities can promote the ascension of their self -confidence , improve interpersonal relationship , eliminate fatigue , adjust mood and help them form positive healthy psychology .The paper conducts brief analysis on the influence of sports activities on mental health of college students, explores the relation between sports activities and mental health and puts forward corresponding suggestions .%近年来,关于高校学生自杀、犯罪等新闻屡屡见诸报端,在这一系列新闻的背后凸显出的是我国当前高校学生群体不容乐观的心理现状。作为我国未来发展的重要基础,大学生群体能否身心健康的得到全面发展可以说是关乎我国命运的,在注重知识技能的掌握与提高的过程中也不能忽略心理健康教育。体育运动能够促进大学生自信心的提升、改善人际关系、消除疲劳调整情绪,帮助学生形成积极乐观的健康心理。本文就对体育运动对大学生心理健康的影响进行简要分析,探究体育运动和心理健康的关系,并提出相关建议。

  7. Sports Management and Administration Internships and Students with Disabilities: Responsibilities and Practices for Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, John

    2009-01-01

    Practica, internships, and mentorships are vital for the development of capable and productive graduates of preprofessional academic programs, including sports management and sports administration programs. College students with disabilities, including those in sports management and sports administration programs, who are preparing to enter their…

  8. [Liver and sport].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watelet, J

    2008-11-01

    The liver is a vital organ and plays a central role in energy exchange, protein synthesis as well as the elimination of waste products from the body. Acute and chronic injury may disturb a variety of liver functions to different degrees. Over the last three decades, the effects of physical activity and competitive sport on the liver have been described by various investigators. These include viral hepatitis and drug-induced liver disorders. Herein, we review acute and chronic liver diseases potentially caused by sport. Team physicians, trainers and others, responsible for the health of athletes, should be familiar with the risk factors, clinical features, and consequences of liver diseases that occur in sports.

  9. Sport and International Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yimeng

    2008-01-01

    As China takes center stage for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games in August, enthusiasm for the Games extends far beyond the capital city. For Chinese, the Olympics is about national pride and cultural legacy. The Chinese government hopes to make this event a morale booster for the development of the whole country. And for the world, the Olympics is not just a global sporting event, but also an important platform for promoting world harmony and communication between cultures. As editor of Contemporary International Relations, I am mindful of the connection between sport and international relations. Sport today plays a highly significant role in the world, and the impact of this global phenomenon on international relations is often underestimated.

  10. Go Team, Rah, Rah, Rah! A Critical Examination of the Excitement of College Football Teams and Conferences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Richard E.; Miller, Michael T.

    2011-01-01

    Intercollegiate athletics play a major and highly visible role in both higher education and the broader world of sports entertainment. A significant component of the entertainment derived from college athletic contests is related to the atmosphere promoted, both formally and informally, amid and around athletic events. The current study was…

  11. Volunteers in Sport Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VESNA CILERDZIC

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The research is done in order to describe student’s attitudes on volunteering in sport. The sample consists of 231 students from Serbia, average age 21,06±3,12years. They were from eight colleges and faculties. For nominal and ordinal variables, frequencies were determined. Many of examined students have volunteering experiences. The results confirm that students believe that we live in a society which his generally thought only to its own benefit; they think that volunteering can not solve the problems in society; that people do not have enough experience with volunteering and people do not have time to volunteering; volunteering is for young people; in their family and among friends, there are no volunteers; everyone could be volunteer only if that wishes; do not believe that volunteering is a waste of time and it helps in future career. The prevalent number of students, regardless of the Faculty which they belong, rarely volunteered in areas outside of sport. Results also shows that students from sport faculties have less experience in volunteering in sport than students from other faculties, but this difference is not dramatic.

  12. American College of Sports Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Infographics Search by Topic prev next ACSM News Top Fitness Trend for 2017 is Wearable Technology : Oct 26, 2016 New Award Recognizes Innovative Health Professional Training and Education Programs in Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity Counseling : ...

  13. The Study on Influences of Competitive Aerobics Training to College Students' Sports Fitness%竞技健美操训练对大学生运动体适能影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马英; 张琳

    2011-01-01

    Being a kind of competitive sport,competitive aerobics wins the good graces of the college students,and becomes popular in colleges.The paper studied on the influences of competitive aerobics training on college students' sports fitness.The results showed those: the training promoted the abdominal muscles force and endurance.After three mouths training,the sensitivity and balance abilities of subjects were enhanced significantly,the abdomen muscular force and endurance of subjects were also enhanced.The percentage of body fat contain had a few decline.The explosive strength of muscle was no significantly improved.%竞技健美操作为一项集表现艺术美和体育竞技于一身的运动项目,正逐渐在高校中推广普及,并在大学生中蓬勃开展。大连继豪学生体质测试系统相应仪器和Inbody 3.0人体成分分析仪,研究了竞技健美操专项训练对大学生运动员运动体适能的影响,在该实验条件下的研究结果显示:训练后男女生灵敏性和平衡性均提高,腹肌力和腹肌耐力均增强;无论男女,训练后体脂百分比均降低,爆发力提高不显著。

  14. Research on Mental Health of Higher Vocational College Students and Sports Intervention Method%高职院校学生心理健康与体育干预方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁小燕

    2016-01-01

    With the increasing pressure of social employment,higher vocational college students'psychological pressure begins to rise,leading to many mental health problems among students,such as anxiety,depression, doubt,fear,self -conceitedness,paranoia and neurasthenia.These are the main performance of students’mental health problems and will seriously affect their normal learning and life in school.Sports intervention can effectively prevent and improve the mental health status of students in higher vocational colleges,so it is necessary to strengthen researches on sports intervention methods in accordance with the characteristics and mental health status of students in higher vocational colleges to constantly improve their physical and mental health.%随着社会就业压力的不断增大,高职学生的心理压力开始不断上升,因此导致学生产生了很多的心理健康问题,如焦虑、抑郁、疑虑、恐怖、自负、偏执以及神经衰弱等,都是学生出现心理健康问题的主要表现,这会严重影响学生在学校正常的学习与生活。而体育干预能够有效预防和改善高职学生的心理健康状况,所以有必要针对高职院校学生的特点和心理健康状况,加强体育干预方法方面的研究,以促进高职学生身心健康水平的持续改善。

  15. Exploring Students'Sports Psychological Obstacles and Countermeasures in Higher Vocational College%探索高职院校学生体育心理障碍和对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王访清

    2015-01-01

    〔Abstract〕 The teaching purpose is to promote the students'physical and mental development, to cultivate the students' comprehensive quality. Physical education has an important significance on the cultivation of stu-dents'psychological and physical quality. Higher vocational colleges carrying out the PE teaching is based on these considerations. But it has to notice that there are some psychological barriers of the students in PE teach-ing in higher vocational colleges. These psychological barriers seriously hindered the sports course teaching of higher vocational education. In this article, the current higher vocational college students'sports psychological barriers are analyzed and summarized, and the corresponding countermeasures are put forward as well.%教学的目的是促进学生的身体与心理的共同发展,培养学生的综合素质。体育对于学生的心理与身体素质的培养有着重要的意义。高职院校开展体育教学也正是基于这方面的考虑,但是也要看到高职院校学生体育教学中,学生还存在着一些心理障碍,这些心理障碍严重阻碍了高职院校所开展的体育课程教学。本文就目前高职院校学生体育心理障碍进行了分析、总结,并就相应的对策提出了自已的见解。

  16. Analysis of Vocational College Students' Sports Survey --Take Zhaoqing Industry and Commerce Career Technical College for Example%高职院校学生体育普查的结果探析——以肇庆工商职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟毅; 苏树坚; 许小玲; 谭分全

    2012-01-01

    The result of annual national sports census is focused by the citizens, th,e results is the impor- tant basis of our national health. Some private vocational colleges are not available for activity space, sports equipments and other objective factors, it directly affect students' athletic abilities and their psychical and mental health. People must pay attention to students'physical and psychological health.%一年一度的全国体育普查结果一直被国民所关注,它是我国国民身心健康的重要依据.而民办高职院校由于活动场地、器械不足等客观因素直接影响到学生的运动能力和身心健康.学生的身心健康问题值得引起人们的重视.

  17. Study on the "3+1"Education Mode to Realization the College Social Sport Professional Training Goal of Function%“3+1”教育模式对实现高校社会体育专业培养目标的作用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐杏玲

    2012-01-01

    从高校社会体育专业人才培养目标出发,根据现阶段社会对体育人才的需求,提出在高校社会体育专业实施"3+1"教育模式,以优化社会体育专业课程设置,加强社会体育专业师资队伍的建设,增强社会体育专业人才竞争力,从而提高社会体育专业人才培养的实效性,满足社会对体育人才的需求。%From the point of college social sport professional talent training goal,according to the current social demand for sport talent,this paper suggests that 3+1 education mode should be implemented in college social sports major in order to optimize social sports major curriculum setting,strengthen teacher staff construction,improve the competitiveness of social sports talents and meet the demand of society for sports talents.

  18. Contemporary Research in Sports Economics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This volume comprises scientific contributions in the context of the 5th annual conference of the European Association of Sports Economics (ESEA), which took place in September 2013 in Esbjerg, Denmark. It contains five articles on UEFA’s financial fair play regulation in European football, written...... by internationally renowned sports economists like Stefan Szymanski, Joel Maxcy and Sean Hamil. Moreover, a further three chapters deal with football topics like the dismissal of coaches or competitive balance. Furthermore, the economics of sports events – the Olympics as well as local events – are analyzed by well......-known scholars like Wladimir Andreff and Plácido Rodríguez. Next to team sports, new developments of the economics of individual sports like cycling, ski-jumping and motor-racing are explored....

  19. 高校社会体育专业体育舞蹈教学中存在问题的调查研究%Research on Existing Problems of College Social Sports Specialty in Dance Sport Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚红

    2011-01-01

    通过教学实践,以社会体育专业培养为依据,根据社会发展的需要,结合体育舞蹈项目自身特点和目前开设课程的现状,探讨高校社会体育专业体育舞蹈教学中存在的师资、学时、教学内容、方法以及考核评价等方面的问题,旨在为高校社会体育专业课程设置提供参考依据。%According to social demands and the cultivation of social sports specialty,this paper discusses on the existing problems of dance sport such as teachers,teaching periods,teaching contents,methods,examination and evaluation.The main purpose is to provide r

  20. 大学生网球运动损伤成因与预防%THE INJURY CAUSES AND PREVENTION OF COLLEGE TENNIS SPORTS OF UNIVERSITY STUDENT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李慧君; 姚海霞

    2013-01-01

    Tennis is one of the favorite sports among the people in recent years. If the participants don’t pay attention to prevent sports injury, they will occur all kinds of sports injury. This paper analyzes the main reasons for the sport injury,and introduce some preventive measures,and for helping the university students to takeing part in sports.%网球运动是一项深受人们喜爱的运动,近年来在大学校园内广泛开展,但参与者如不注重运动损伤的预防,也会发生各种运动损伤。本文对产生网球运动损伤的主要原因进行了分析,介绍了一些实用的预防措施,以期对参加运动的学生们有所帮助,促使网球运动更好地发展。

  1. Intervention Effect of Different Sports on Depression in College Students%不同运动项目对大学生抑郁症状干预效果的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张忍发; 李军; 杨敏丽

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the intervention effect of the different sports items on mild and moderate depression in college students. Methods Using the depression self-rating scale Self-rating depression scale, SDS, 120 university students with depression score in the mild and moderate level (41-55 scores) were screened. The enrolled students were divided into 3 groups: dance sport practice group, hasketball practice group, and table tennis practice group. Students in each groups were given 16-weeks exercises under the guidance of professional teachers, then the self rating depression scale was used to track the depression changes in students every 4 weeks after exercises. Results Depression scores of students in each group after the intervention were significantly lower than before the intervention P <0.01. Exercises significantly improved the somatization and depression factor 2 symptoms of students all P< 0.01. The intervention effect of in dance sport group was better than other sports groups P < 0.05. Conclusions Different kinds of sports can be effective in decreasing the light level of depression of the students. The dance sport practice is the best sport for interfering with the mental health of college students.%目的 研究不同体育运动项目对大学生轻度或中度抑郁症状的干预效果.方法 采用抑郁自评量表(self-rating depression scale,SDS)筛选抑郁得分在轻度和中度水平(41 ~ 55分)的大学生共120名,分为体育舞蹈练习组、篮球练习组和乒乓球练习组,各组均在专业教师的指导下进行为期16周练习,运用抑郁自评量表跟踪被试者每4周后的抑郁变化情况.结果 干预后各组的抑郁得分显著低于干预前(P<0.01);运动显著改善了被试者的躯体化和抑郁因子2类症状(P<0.01);其中体育舞蹈组的效应量和效应速度均优于其它运动组(P<0.01).结论 不同的体育运动均可有效降低大学生的抑郁水平;体育舞蹈练习是

  2. 棒垒球运动在我国高校开展现状的研究--以北京市15所高校为例%Baseball Softball Sports Colleges and Universities in Our Country Carrying out a Research Into the Status quo---15 colleges and universities of Beijing as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡效芳; 张佳佳

    2016-01-01

    通过调查分析棒垒球运动在我国高校开展的现状及影响因素,在此基础上探索并提出符合我国实际情况的普通高校棒垒球运动发展的建议,为发展、丰富高校体育教学内容,满足大学生多层次的运动需求,提供建议和策略。%Studied in this paper through investigating and analyzing the current situation of the baseball and softball sports colleges and universities in our country to carry out and influence factors, on the basis of the exploration and put forward with the actual situation in our country ordinary university's Suggestions to the development of baseball and softball movement, for the development, enriching the content of sports teaching in colleges and universities, and meet the demand of college students multi-level movement, provide advice and strategies.

  3. Squeeze Play 2009: The Public's Views on College Costs Today--Public Agenda and the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Immerwahr, John; Johnson, Jean

    2012-01-01

    For increasing numbers of Americans, a crucial facet of the American Dream appears to be at risk. A solid majority consider a college degree an indispensable ticket to the middle class. At the same time, even more people believe college is financially out-of-reach for many qualified students. This is the message from new public opinion research by…

  4. Rapportage sport 2008

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koen Breedveld; Carlijn Kamphuis; Annet Tiessen-Raaphorst

    2008-01-01

    Sport boeit. Sport bindt. Sport bevordert de gezondheid. En sport betaalt. Sport is anno 2008 ongekend populair. Tweederde van de Nederlanders doet aan sport. Na zwemmen en fietsen is fitness de meest populaire sport geworden. Daarnaast zetten anderhalf miljoen Nederlanders zich als vrijwilliger

  5. Sport Officials’ Longevity: Motivation and Passion for the Sport.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.C. Bernal

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this review was to examine sport officials’ motivation and passion to become and remain a referee in today’s sport climate. There are endless accounts of misconduct towards officials from participants, coaches, parents and fans. This review examined the research evidence that explained why officials continue to work in their sport and tried to determine what motivations were factors in their continued service. Additionally, this review wanted to see how passion played a role in the officials’ desire to become and remain a sport official. The findings were clear as officials often became involved with officiating or continued to officiate ‘for the love of the game’. Once they became involved they continued to officiate because of their feelings of commitment to the sport and because of the relationships that they had developed with other officials, athletes and other members of the sporting community. This review pointed out that sport officials are concerned about maintaining enough officials to continue sport. The authors suggested that once recruited, new officials should be evaluated and mentored so that these young officials have time to develop their feelings of commitment and relatedness.

  6. 构建高校体育教学内容多元化体系与民族体育项目发展研究--以土家族竹马球为例%Research on Constructing Diversified System of the Content of College Sports Teaching and Development of Ethnic Sports Program---Taking Tujia Zhuma Ball as an Example (A Bamboo Stick Used as a Toy Horse)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈兵

    2015-01-01

    将“竹马球”引入高校体育教学既可以丰富高等院校体育教学内容,构建高校体育教学内容多元化体系又能够较好的推动我国少数民族传统体育的发展,提升学生对我国少数民族传统体育项目的了解程度。%Introducing Zhuma Ball into college physical education can enrich the teaching content of physical education in institutions of higher learning.Constructing diversified system of college physical education teaching content can help promote the development of sports of ethnic minorities and enhance students'understanding of the traditional sports of ethnic minorities in China.

  7. 高职院校学生体育活动态度的现状与对策--以扬州地区为例%On the Current Conditions and Strategies of Vocational College Students Sports Activities--Taking Yangzhou as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任军; 黄平

    2012-01-01

      This paper uses the ATPA sports activity attitude scale, to test college students' sports activity attitude of 3 vocational colleges in Yangzhou, Jiangsu province, and does a comparative analysis. The results show that: the leading tendency of college students for sports activity attitude is for self discipline and spiritual liberation. For college ctudents' sex and specialty in sports activities there are not significant difference in attitude formation.%  文章采用ATPA体育活动态度量表,对江苏省扬州市3所高职院校不同专业大学生的体育活动态度进行调查和比较分析,研究结果表明:大学生对体育活动态度的主导倾向为自我磨练和精神解脱。大学生的性别和专业在体育活动态度上均不形成显著差异。

  8. Play Matters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sicart (Vila), Miguel Angel

    , but not necessarily fun. Play can be dangerous, addictive, and destructive. Along the way, Sicart considers playfulness, the capacity to use play outside the context of play; toys, the materialization of play--instruments but also play pals; playgrounds, play spaces that enable all kinds of play; beauty......, the aesthetics of play through action; political play -- from Maradona's goal against England in the 1986 World Cup to the hactivist activities of Anonymous; the political, aesthetic, and moral activity of game design; and why play and computers get along so well....

  9. Preventing Musculoskeletal Sports Injuries in Youth: A Guide for Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... physical condition to play the sport. Follow the rules of the sport. Wear appropriate protective gear (for example, shin guards for soccer, a hard-shell helmet when facing a baseball or softball pitcher, a helmet and body padding ...

  10. Low Quality of Free Coaching Apps With Respect to the American College of Sports Medicine Guidelines: A Review of Current Mobile Apps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modave, François; Bian, Jiang; Leavitt, Trevor; Bromwell, Jennifer; Harris Iii, Charles; Vincent, Heather

    2015-07-24

    Low physical activity level is a significant contributor to chronic disease, weight dysregulation, and mortality. Nearly 70% of the American population is overweight, and 35% is obese. Obesity costs an estimated US$ 147 billion annually in health care, and as many as 95 million years of life. Although poor nutritional habits remain the major culprit, lack of physical activity significantly contributes to the obesity epidemic and related lifestyle diseases. Over the past 10 years, mobile devices have become ubiquitous, and there is an ever-increasing number of mobile apps that are being developed to facilitate physical activity, particularly for active people. However, no systematic assessment has been performed about their quality with respect to following the parameters of sound fitness principles and scientific evidence, or suitability for a variety of fitness levels. The aim of this paper is to fill this gap and assess the quality of mobile coaching apps on iOS mobile devices. A set of 30 popular mobile apps pertaining to physical activity programming was identified and reviewed on an iPhone device. These apps met the inclusion criteria and provided specific prescriptive fitness and exercise programming content. The content of these apps was compared against the current guidelines and fitness principles established by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). A weighted scoring method based on the recommendations of the ACSM was developed to generate subscores for quality of programming content for aerobic (0-6 scale), resistance (0-6 scale), and flexibility (0-2 scale) components using the frequency, intensity, time, and type (FITT) principle. An overall score (0-14 scale) was generated from the subscores to represent the overall quality of a fitness coaching app. Only 3 apps scored above 50% on the aerobic component (mean 0.7514, SD 1.2150, maximum 4.1636), 4 scored above 50% on the resistance/strength component (mean 1.4525, SD 1.2101, maximum 4

  11. RESEARCH ON CONSTRUCTING INTERACTIVE TEACHING MODES BETWEEN SPORTS AND COLLEGE STUDENTS' PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH%构建高校体育与大学生心理健康互动教学模式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛进平

    2011-01-01

    Via literature,expert interview,logic analysis and other methods,this paper analyzes college students' psychological health status,probes into the relationship between sports exercise and college students' constitutions,discusses the channels by which physical training improves students' psychological health as well as the relationship between psychological health level and their mastery of knowledge about health.It puts forward the idea of integrating psychological health education with physical education in colleges and universities.%采用文献资料、专家访谈、逻辑分析等方法,解析大学生心理健康现状,探讨体育锻炼与大学生体质现状的关系、体育锻炼提高大学生心理健康的实施途径、心理健康水平与健康知识掌握程度的关系,提出将心理健康教育融入高校体育教学的思路。

  12. 共生理论视域下我国高校体育残健融合研究%Study on Fusion of Healthy and Disabled in College Sports Based on Symbiosis Theory Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仝伟

    2014-01-01

    共生现象不仅存在于生物界,而且广泛地存在于社会系统。基于共生理论的视角,分别从共生单元、共生模式、共生环境等方面对我国高校体育残健融合共生系统进行分析,研究认为:我国高校体育残健融合还处于偏利共生模式阶段,互惠共生是我国高校体育残健融合的理想共生模式。需从弱化场域边界,增强共生单元关联度;树立共同理念,建立互惠共生关系;健全残健融合共生体制,优化共生环境;构建多元共生界面等方面促进我国高校体育残健融合共生系统的协调发展。%The symbiosis not only exists in the biosphere, but also widely exists in the social system. With the symbiosis theory from the symbiosis unit, the symbiosis pattern, the symbiosis environment,it has carried on the analysis to the symbiotic system of the fusion of the healthy and disabled in college sports. Study suggests that it is still at the stage of laterality symbiosis;mutualism is an ideal symbiotic mode for the fusion of the healthy and disabled in college sports. This paper tries to put forward countermeasures to promote the coordinated development of the fusion of the healthy and disabled in college sports from the aspects of Weakening field boundary to strengthen symbiotic unit; establishing a common idea to establish mutual symbiotic relationship; perfecting symbiotic system of the fusion of the healthy and disabled to optimize symbiotic environment; to construct the symbiosis interface, etc.

  13. Physical Characteristics of College Students under the Influence of Lifestyle Sport%体育生活方式影响下的大学生身体素质特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓楠; 杨光

    2015-01-01

    In order to investigate the physical characteristics under the influence of different lifestyles,this paper adopts these methods of literature data,questionnaires,measurement and mathematical statistics to have an investigation and a test on 1 080 college students in Shenyang. The result shows that the defective rate of students'sports lifestyles is about 70. 91%. Especially the girls get poor physical condition (the average scores are less than 60). Among them,the pull?up of boys is the lowest,and so is the 50 meters race of girls. In addition,for boys,the good sports lifestyle is significant related to standing jump,sit and reach,1000 meters race. For the girls,it is related to sit?ups and 800m race. While the else indexes are influenced by poor lif?estyles,sports intensity and weak consciousness of sports exercise. Therefore,it leads to invisible difference. All in all,it is significant for developing students' physical health to have a fine sports lifestyle.%为探讨不同体育生活方式影响下大学生身体素质特征,采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、测量法及数理统计法,对沈阳市1 080名在校大学生进行调查与测试. 结果显示,大学生体育生活方式不良率约占总体的70. 91 %,且女生比例偏高,身体素质状况不佳(各项平均得分低于60). 其中,男生引体向上、女生50 m跑分值最低. 此外,良好的体育生活方式与男生立定跳远、坐位体前屈、1 000 m跑,女生仰卧起坐、800 m跑存在显著相关;而其余指标受不良的生活方式、校园体育运动强度的弱化和自身薄弱的体育锻炼意识等多重因素影响,导致差异不明显. 可见,养成良好的体育生活方式,将更有利于身体素质的改善.

  14. Sports fractures.

    OpenAIRE

    DeCoster, T. A.; Stevens, M. A.; Albright, J. P.

    1994-01-01

    Fractures occur in athletes and dramatically influence performance during competitive and recreational activities. Fractures occur in athletes as the result of repetitive stress, acute sports-related trauma and trauma outside of athletics. The literature provides general guidelines for treatment as well as a variety of statistics on the epidemiology of fractures by sport and level of participation. Athletes are healthy and motivated patients, and have high expectations regarding their level o...

  15. Sports Accidents

    CERN Multimedia

    Kiebel

    1972-01-01

    Le Docteur Kiebel, chirurgien à Genève, est aussi un grand ami de sport et de temps en temps médecin des classes genevoises de ski et également médecin de l'équipe de hockey sur glace de Genève Servette. Il est bien qualifié pour nous parler d'accidents de sport et surtout d'accidents de ski.

  16. Knowledge and Perceptions of Pharmacy Students in Qatar on Anti-Doping in Sports and on Sports Pharmacy in Undergraduate Curricula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awaisu, Ahmed; Mottram, David; Rahhal, Alaa; Alemrayat, Bayan; Ahmed, Afif; Stuart, Mark; Khalifa, Sherief

    2015-10-25

    Objective. To assess pharmacy students' knowledge and perceptions of doping and anti-doping in sports and to explore the curricular needs for undergraduate pharmacy in the field of sports pharmacy. Methods. A cross-sectional, descriptive, web-based survey of pharmacy students was conducted at Qatar University College of Pharmacy from March to May 2014. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results. Eighty respondents completed the online survey (80% response rate). Sixty percent were unaware of the World Anti-Doping Agency, and 85% were unaware of the International Pharmaceutical Federation's statement on the pharmacist's role in anti-doping. Students' knowledge score regarding the prohibited status of drugs that may be used by athletes was around 50%. Fourth-year pharmacy students had significantly higher knowledge scores than the other groups of students. Respondents acknowledged the important role of health care professionals, including pharmacists, as advisors on the safe and effective use of drugs in sports. Ninety percent of the students supported the inclusion of sports pharmacy in the curriculum. Conclusion. Pharmacy students indicated a strong desire to play a role in doping prevention and ensure safe and rational use of drugs among athletes. They suggested requiring an education and training strategy for sports pharmacy in undergraduate pharmacy curricula.

  17. Physical activity prescription: a critical opportunity to address a modifiable risk factor for the prevention and management of chronic disease: a position statement by the Canadian Academy of Sport and Exercise Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, Jane S; Frémont, Pierre; Khan, Karim; Poirier, Paul; Fowles, Jonathon; Wells, Greg D; Frankovich, Renata J

    2016-09-01

    Non-communicable disease is a leading threat to global health. Physical inactivity is a large contributor to this problem; in fact, the WHO ranks it as the fourth leading risk factor for overall morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Canada, at least 4 of 5 adults do not meet the Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines of 150 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per week. Physicians play an important role in the dissemination of physical activity (PA) recommendations to a broad segment of the population, as over 80% of Canadians visit their doctors every year and prefer to get health information directly from them. Unfortunately, most physicians do not regularly assess or prescribe PA as part of routine care, and even when discussed, few provide specific recommendations. PA prescription has the potential to be an important therapeutic agent for all ages in primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of chronic disease. Sport and exercise medicine (SEM) physicians are particularly well suited for this role and should collaborate with their primary care colleagues for optimal patient care. The purpose of this Canadian Academy and Sport and Exercise Medicine position statement is to provide an evidence-based, best practices summary to better equip SEM and primary care physicians to prescribe PA and exercise, specifically for the prevention and management of non-communicable disease. This will be achieved by addressing common questions and perceived barriers in the field.Author note This position statement has been endorsed by the following nine sport medicine societies: Australasian College of Sports and Exercise Physicians (ACSEP), American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM), British Association of Sports and Exercise Medicine (BASEM), European College of Sport & Exercise Physicians (ECOSEP), Norsk forening for idrettsmedisin og fysisk aktivite (NIMF), South African Sports Medicine Association (SASMA), Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Sportmedizin

  18. 山东省普通高校体育资源配置现状与优化策略选择研究%Allocation of sports resources in colleges and optimization strategy in Shandong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王振涛

    2014-01-01

    By using the method of literature,questionnaire survey,etc. ,the article analysed the dis-tribution of sports resources in colleges in Shandong province,put forwards the allocation of sports resources should fit the demand of the university students. In this research,it discovers that the structure of professional titles,ages and educational levels tend to be reasonable,but the profession-al structure mainly concentrated in track and field,ball games and gymnastics;funds can meet the basic need of teaching and training;average acreage of the field(pavilion)is less than the standard which stipulated by the Ministry of education;sports information resource allocation is still relatively backward,and the utilization rate is relatively low.%采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、数理统计法,通过对山东省普通高校体育资源配置现状的调查与分析,提出了以学生需要为特征的、资源共享的体育资源配置方式。研究认为,山东省普通高校体育人力资源年龄结构、职称结构和学历结构较合理,专业结构主要集中在球类、田径和体操等项目;高校体育经费基本能够满足体育教学和训练的需要;生均场(馆)面积均低于教育部的规定标准;体育信息资源配置方面还比较落后,利用率也比较低。

  19. Playful Gaming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makedon, Alexander

    A philosophical analysis of play and games is undertaken in this paper. Playful gaming, which is shown to be a synthesis of play and games, is utilized as a category for undertaking the examination of play and games. The significance of playful gaming to education is demonstrated through analyses of Plato's, Dewey's, Sartre's, and Marcuse's…

  20. Analysis of College Student's Athletic Injuries in Playing Basketball%大学生篮球运动损伤解。

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万国华; 杨小勇; 王碧怡; 宋军; 吴国平

    2012-01-01

    随机分层整群抽样了广东省9所高校105个班级,以各班中篮球人口为研究对象,对其篮球运动损伤发生场合、损伤种类及成因进行了调查与分析。结果显示:从损伤发生场合来看,课外锻炼损伤发生比例最高,达到68.6%,比赛与体育课则分别为19.3%与13.8%。从损伤种类来看,主要为擦伤、拉伤、扭伤与挫伤4类,它们的发生率分别为71.1%、33.3%、25.2%与13.8%。为预防大学生篮球损伤应对学生加强篮球规则宣传教育,增强其自我保护意识,丰富其自我保护技巧,突出护具保护教育,提高其篮球专项身体素质,加强其自我监督的知识与技能教育。%Based on the method of stratified cluster random sampling of 105 classes of 9 universities in Guangdong Province, this paper investigates and analyzes the occasions, the types and the causes of athletic injury, taking basketball population in each class as Research Object .The results show that from the injury occasions perspective, the physical injury m extra-curricular exercise reaches the highest proportion of 68.6%, competitions covering 19.3% and PE covering 13.8%. In the point of view of injury types, there are four: abrasion, pull, strain and contusion, and each respectively covers occurring rate: 71.1%, 33.3%, 25.2%, andl3.$%. To prevent college students' athletic injury in playing basketball is proposed in the following way: to strengthen the basketball rules publicity, to enhance self-protection awareness, to enrich self-protection techniques, to emphasize using protector, to improve physical quality of basketball event, and to reinforce serf-monitoring knowledge and skill education.

  1. 身体表现类运动对大学生身心健康发展的促进研究%PROMOTION RESEARCH OF PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE SPORTS ON COLLEGE STUDENTS' PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜桂萍; 李青; 王锋; 纪仲秋; 赵瑞花; 华云娟; 李旭龙; 侯金芸

    2013-01-01

    More than five hundred college students were selected. All took the curriculum of physical performance in a normal university and a science and engineering university. Physical performance sports in colleges and universities were analyzed over a period of 5 semesters. Salivary amylase test, polar heart rate table, electronic spirometer, attention stability test software, mental health measurements were used to study promotion effect of physical performance sports on physical and mental health in college students by comparing changes in relevant indicators before and after exercises, to provide a theoretical basis for improvement of physical and mental health. Data indicated that physical performance sports improved psychological health and self-esteem in college students. Yoga could increase attention stability. Physical performance sports belong to medium and low intensity exercise. Dancing was effective to improve cardiopulmonary function and was the preferred method to reduce fat and weight. Yoga had unique effect in easing physical and mental fatigue.%本研究选取综合类师范大学与理工科类大学各1所选修身体表现类课程的500余名大学生为样本,连续5个学期,对我国高等院校常年开设的以身体表现为主要特征的运动进行研究,研究采用日本产唾液淀粉酶测试仪、荷兰产polar心率表、国产电子肺活量计、注意力稳定性测试软件等相关实验手段及心理健康方面的相关测量,通过参加身体表现类运动大学生在运动前、后身心相关指标的变化,了解身体表现类运动对大学生身心健康的促进作用,为提高大学生身心健康水平提供理论依据.研究得知:身体表现类运动能够提高大学生的心理健康水平,促进大学生自我概念的发展,其中瑜伽锻炼能够很好地提高大学生的注意力的稳定性.身体表现类运动基本属于低、中强度的运动负荷,其中体育舞蹈等是提高大学生心肺功

  2. Review on Introduction of Yoga into College Sports Course Design in Chongqing%将瑜伽导入重庆高校体育课程设计的审视

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任燕

    2011-01-01

    Through using the method of literature review,mathematical statistics,interview and investigation at site,taking the health Chongqing as vision,this paper studies the development of Yoga in some college sports course in Chongqing,analyzes the exercise eff%本文采用问卷调查、数理统计、访谈、实地观察等研究方法,以"健康重庆"为视角,调研了部分重庆高校体育课程开设瑜伽课.分析了健身瑜伽的锻炼效果、对当下大学生各种压力和心理身心的要求,从而得出将瑜伽纳入重庆普通高校体育课程推广设计方案和必要的结论。

  3. 略论普通高校学生课外体育活动的组织管理%On Organization and Management of College Extracurricular Sports Activities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严华; 李蓉蓉

    2012-01-01

    The essay analyzes and discusses the management model of college students' extracurricular sports activities,way of organization and the content arrangement,and then proposes some measures to carry out these extra-curricular sports activities on the basis of a comprehensive analysis of the management of these activities,the current situation of the students' participation in the activities and the objective and subjective factors which constrain the development of these activities.%在全面分析高校对课外活动的管理、学生参与课外活动的现状以及制约课外活动开展的主客观因素的基础上,结合实际,对高校学生课外体育活动管理模式、组织方式、内容安排等进行了分析和讨论,提出积极开展高校课外体育活动的对策措施。

  4. 高校体育院系学生体育舞蹈水平评估标准研究%Evaluation Criteria of College Physical Education Students'Sport Dance Level

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁勇

    2015-01-01

    本文通过多种研究方法,依据专家、教师、学生访谈以及大量的反馈信息,初步研究出了我国体育院系学生体育舞蹈水平的评估内容.评估内容是影响和改进学生体育舞蹈水平的重要依据,为我国普通高校体育院系师生的教学和学习提供借鉴和参考.%Based on a certain amount of research and study through various methods, the paper mades rational suggestions toward assessment content of PE students'sport dance according to the interviews to experts, teachers, and students. The content is an important criterion to effect and improve student sport dance level. It provides references for PE teachers as well as PE students in colleges and universities.

  5. Research on development trajectory and trend of college sports curriculum reform and construction%我国高校体育课程改革与建设的发展轨迹和趋向研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨洪涛

    2013-01-01

      结合教育学中课程与教学论的观点,参考相关文献资料,对我国高校体育课程改革的发展轨迹、体育课程目标的发展趋势、建立新的体育课程需要处理好的关系以及改革的基本趋向等方面,进行理论与方向性的研究,从而实现推动我国高校体育课程改革与建设的目的。%Combining the education curriculum and teaching in theory, reference to the relevant literature, the development track of college physical education curriculum reform in our country, the development trend of physical education curriculum goals to establish the new sports curriculum needs to deal with the relationship between the basic trend and reform, to carry on the research of theory and direction, in order to achieve to promote our country university sports curriculum reform and construction purposes.

  6. Sports and Exercise Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Injuries Sports and Concussions Strains and Sprains Sports Physicals 5 Ways to Prepare for Your Sports Season Handling Sports Pressure and Competition Knee Injuries Runner's Knee Bike Safety Strength Training Dehydration Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries Medial Collateral ...

  7. Facial Sports Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Find an ENT Doctor Near You Facial Sports Injuries Facial Sports Injuries Patient Health Information News media interested in ... should receive immediate medical attention. Prevention Of Facial Sports Injuries The best way to treat facial sports injuries ...

  8. A Survey on Health Literacy of Sports Majors College Students and its Improvement%体育专业大学生健康素养现状调查及提高措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧秋华; 马南京

    2014-01-01

    To understand the health literacy of sports majors’ college students, using of health literacy survey of Chinese residents, 420 sports Majors College students are conducted a survey of health literacy. The results showed that the students have the health literacy ratio is 6.90%, with basic knowledge and concepts, healthy lifestyles and behavior, three basic skills of literacy ratio is 19.29%, 1.19% and 72.38%; Category 5 health literacy problems scale are: safety and first aid literacy 67.14%, 23.09%of basic medical literacy, scientific view of health 16.43%, 9.05%quality chronic disease prevention, infectious disease prevention qualities of 5.95%. Thus, the health literacy of college students roughly the national average, did not vary due to a high level of education benefits, measures must be take to promote college students health literacy.%为了解体育专业大学生具备健康素养状况,采用中国居民健康素养调查问卷对体育专业大学生420人的健康素养进行了调查分析。结果显示,体育专业大学生具备健康素养的比例是6.90%,具备基本知识和理念、健康生活方式与行为、基本技能三方面素养的比例分别是19.29%、1.19%和72.38%;具备5类健康问题素养的比例分别是:安全与急救67.14%、基本医疗23.09%、科学健康观16.43%、慢性病预防9.05%、传染病预防5.95%。由此可见,体育专业大学生的健康素养和全国平均水平大致相当,并未因学历水平高而有所优势,必须采取措施促进体育专业大学生健康素养提高。

  9. Investigating sport celebrity endorsement and sport event ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    \\' attitudes and the effect of sport event sponsorship and sport ... Results indicate that sport event sponsorship was perceived by participants as a product ... affecting consumers\\' pre-purchase attitudes that may influence buyer behaviour.

  10. 山西省高校武术专项课运动损伤分析研究%Analysis of Sports Injuries in Wushu Specialized Classes of Shanxi Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭杰; 李凯

    2013-01-01

    Taking Students in Wushu specialized classes of Shanxi colleges and universities as study objects, with the methods of literature, mathematical statistics, questionnaire survey and logical analysis, the paper does the analysis of special Wushu classes in colleges and universities of Shanxi Province about their rate of sports injuries, and finds that they have higher rare of sports injuries, but the damage is mild. Main reasons for the damage include insufficient preparation, blindly try to be brave, and the influence of psychological factors and competitive action not skilled, fatigue and local load too large. Damage of parts are mainly concentrated on the skin, joints, elbows, wrists, waist, knee and ankle parts.%  文章以山西省高等院校武术专项课的学生为研究对象,采用文献资料法、数理统计法、问卷调查法、逻辑分析法为研究方法,分析得出山西省高等院校武术专项课运动损伤的发病率较高,但损伤多为轻度损伤。损伤的原因主要是准备活动不充分、心理因素的影响、争强好胜盲目逞强、动作不熟练、疲劳和局部负荷过大。损伤的部位主要集中在皮肤、指关节、肘关节、腕关节、腰部、膝关节和踝关节等部位。

  11. Teaching Experimental Research of the Sport Education Patter Influencing Students Psychological Health in Vocational College%运动教育模式对高职学生心理健康影响的教学实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国锋

    2012-01-01

    结合高职院校的篮球课教学,通过教学实验研究了运动教育模式对高职学生心理健康的影响,结果表明:实验班实验后与实验前心理健康的总均分及躯体、人际关系、抑郁、焦虑、敌对因子有显著性差异.实验班学生实验后与实验前相比,应付解决问题的方式及自责、求助因子得到显著改善,学生状态焦虑显著降低,自我效能感显著提高.运动模式的实施对高职学生心理健康水平的提高有一定的促进作用.%Combing basketball teaching in vocational college, the sport education patter influencing students phychological health was studied by teaching experiment. Results showed.before experiment and affer,the students of experimental class had significant differences in the general value of psychological health, body and treating interpersonal relation, depression, anxiety and hostility factors had also significant differences. Affer experiment, students" coping ability of solving problems, factors of one- self blaming and recourse were raised, state anxiety were decreased significantly, and self-efficacy were increased. It indicated that sports education patter can enehance level of students psychological health in higher vocational colleges.

  12. Study Urges Caution on Childhood Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁评

    2000-01-01

    本文对儿童体育运动提出了警告,很有现实意义。儿童不宜过早地投入某专项体育运动。为什么?本文有一句话,说得委婉,却值得深思: Those who participate in a variety of sports and specialize only after reachingthe age of pubergy(青春期)tend to be more consistent performers,have fewerinjuries and adhere to sports play longer than those who specialize early. 为什么会强迫儿童从事某项专门的体育训练?文章透露的原因令人悲从中来: Children and their parents are motivated to commit to such training by thelure(诱惑)of college scholarships and professional careers,the report said. 本文的另一精彩处是对为何儿童不宜过早投入专项体育训练作了生理原因的分析,令人信服。读者不妨细读。 Children need to be children.此话说得何等好啊!

  13. Sport Psychological Skills of College Student Athletes——Taking Guangdong Vocational Institute of Sport for Example%大学生运动员运动心理技能研究——以广东体育职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王少璞; 漆昌柱

    2015-01-01

    采用文献法、访谈法、问卷调查法以及统计分析法,对广东体育职业技术学院 419名大学生运动员的运动心理技能进行了深入分析研究,试图揭示大学生运动员在运动心理技能上的现状,为大学生运动员的培养提供参考建议.%Based on the method of literature, interviews, questionnaire and statistical analysis, the paper researched Guangdong Sports Vocational and Technical College student athletes' psychological skills, in order to reveal its present situation, and suggest for training student athletes.

  14. 大学生体育消费现状与对策研究——以武夷学院学生为例%Research on Sport Consumption Condition and Countermeasures of College Students --Taking Wuyi University as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高志远

    2011-01-01

    This paper makes an investigation on sport eonsumptior, in Wuyi University of different grades and by students of different gender. Questionnaires, literature research, statistic analysis are used in this article. The results show that the sport consumption in university is primarily the material expense;family income, sports equipment and sports consumption coneept have influenced student sport consumption level and consumption pattern.It concludes that the ornamental, participatory, sports consumption will be the mainstream in the future consumer society so that the author advises universities should actively u.odate the concept of sport consumption, constantly improve the sport infrastructure, and comprehensively promote the reform of college sports.To carry out university sports paid services and to enrich the content of college sports ean proteet the sustainable development of PE.%运用问卷调查、文献资料调研、数理统计分析等方法,对武夷学院不同年级、不同性别大学生体育消费现状进行调查研究。结果表明,大学生体育消费以实物性消费为主;家庭经济收入、体育场地器材和体育消费观念对大学生体育消费水平、消费结构具有影响力。分析认为,观赏性、参与性体育消费是未来消费社会的主流,建议高校应积极更新体育消费观念,不断完善体育基础设施建设,全面推进高校体育改革,推行大学体育有偿服务,丰富大学体育内容,保障高校体育事业可持续发展。

  15. College sports dance elective class to promote the development of physical and mental health of college students%高校体育舞蹈选项课对促进大学生身心健康发展的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈隆

    2012-01-01

      体育舞蹈是一项体育运动,也是一种艺术表现形式,对促进大学生身心健康发展具有重大的意义,那么,其意义的具体表现形式有哪些?那么,现在高校的体育舞蹈选项课又有什么样的问题呢?我们又可以采取什么样的具体措施,来促进体育舞蹈选项课真正帮助大学生身心健康发展呢?本文将对这些问题进行分析解答。%  The sports dance is a physical exercise, also a kind of art form, has great sense on the promotion of college students' physical and mental health development, then, what is the concrete manifestation of the significance? So, what kind of questions the universities sports dance elective course has? We can take what specific measures, to promote the sports dance elective course to really help the students' physical and mental health development? This article carries on the analysis to these questions.

  16. Prevention of sports-related eye injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stock, J G; Cornell, F M

    1991-08-01

    Sports-related eye injury is an important cause of vision loss. Many eye injuries can be prevented through the supervision of play, the enforcement of game rules and the use of eye protective devices. State-of-the-art eye protective devices incorporate highly impact-resistant optical material, usually polycarbonate lenses, in a sturdy frame. Protective devices are available for use in racquet sports, baseball, basketball, football, ice hockey and other sports.

  17. [Sports injuries in children. Epidemiologic study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du Boullay, C T; Bardier, M; Cheneau, J; Bortolasso, J; Gaubert, J

    1984-01-01

    Among 49 000 cases of infantile emergencies which were received in the BUCI (Bloc d'urgence chirurgical infantile: surgical infantile emergency unit), 5 546 were sport traumas. At an early age, they were caused by outdoor plays; during adolescence, the main cases were caused by team sports. Males are predominant. The number of cases has been regularly progressing, particularly since 1976. The fashion in sports is influenced by médias (i.e. skate board), and can be opposed to the continuous practice of popular sports (swimming, ball games, bycicle. There are winter, summer, school timed sports (the latter being influenced by the sportive scholar associations). The most frequent sports are cycling, football playing, swimming and horse riding, athleticism skating, Other are occasionnal. Changes in sport fashions, female increasing participation, such as horse riding and skating, democratisation (skiing, riding), the worsening of traumas; the pathology concerning bystanders, are described. Cranial and peripheric pathology are dominant. Trunk traumas are scarce but severe. Each sport has an elective pathologic localisation. Injury mechanisms are found, such as stirrup, saddle, ski baton pathology. There is traumatologic similarities; skate board and roller skating; judo and atheleticism; cycling and horse riding. Sport in children is not a replica of the one among adults. Riding a bike is not cycling. Some sports are dangerous: cycling, horse riding, rugby. A traumatological outline is revealed. Preventive measures should be taken. The socio-economical cost is heavy.

  18. Play Ball!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CORRIE; DOSH

    2008-01-01

    Major league baseball revives a century-old sport in China On the weekend of March 15,two American major league baseball teams met in Beijing for two ex- hibition games to show Chinese crowds just how exciting America’s favorite pastime can be.The San Diego Padres faced the Los Angeles Dodgers,in front of a near sellout crowd of 12,224 at the new Olympic venue.Vendors plied the crowd with hot

  19. Aesthetic Play

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang, Jytte Susanne

    2012-01-01

    to the children’s complex life-worlds. Further, this leads to an analysis of music-play activities as play with an art-form (music), which includes aesthetic dimensions and gives the music-play activities its character of being aesthetic play. Following Lev Vygotsky’s insight that art is a way of building life...

  20. Investigation on the effect of sports on College Students' intelligence development--the case of 2 universities in Ganzhou%体育运动对大学生智力开发的影响调查--以赣州2所高校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林树华

    2013-01-01

    本文以赣南师范学院和赣南医学院为例,就大学生参加体育运动情况进行调查对比,探索了体育运动对大学生智力开发、适应能力等方面的影响。%in this paper,taking GanNan Normal University and Gannan School of Medicine for example,students participate in sports were compared,to explore the effect of sports on College Students' intellectual development,adaptation ability etc..