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Sample records for plato confucius buber

  1. A Philosophical Investigation of the Role of Teachers: A Synthesis of Plato, Confucius, Buber, and Freire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Seung Hwan

    2008-01-01

    This study proposes the ideal role of teachers through the examination of Plato, Confucius, Buber, and Freire on the subject. Teachers not only contribute to the development of individuals and societies but also attain self-realization through teaching. As such, the role of teachers is important as a goal as well as a means. To examine such role,…

  2. A Similar Comparison between the Thought of Plato and Confucius on Social Hierarchy and Elitism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨馥遥

    2014-01-01

    The spring-autumn period and warring state period of Chinese thoughts coincide strikingly with the thoughts of the Hel enic Age in the west. Plato and Confucius, the two outstanding seminal thinkers have shaped the philosophy of their respective cultures through some similar means and thoughts which definitely meet at a series of significant points. The highlight of the academic thesis lies in the comparison of the general similarities be-tween Plato and Confucius especial y in terms of social hierarchy and elitism.

  3. Confucius Institute

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Confucius Institute(simplified Chinese:孔子学院;traditional Chinese:孔子學院;pinyin:kǒngzǐ xuéyuàn)is a non-profit public institute which aims at promoting Chinese language and culture and supporting local Chinese teaching internationally through affiliated Confucius Institutes.

  4. Understanding Confucius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In the 21st century,the ancient philosopher is providing insight into the Chinese mindset for people worldwide by Liu Wei OVER 2,500 years after his death,Chinese philosopher Confucius still exerts great influence in Asia in places like Japan and South Korea.But with more than 500 Confucius Institutes established across the globe,other countries and regions now have access to the man’s ideas,and by extension, the Chinese culture.

  5. [From Confucius to Malthus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesarovic, M; Pestel, E; Guernier, M

    1974-01-01

    This is an abridged version of a chapter from The Determinants and Consequences of Population Trends published by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations in December, 1973. The history of demographic writings from Confucius to Malthus is summarized, including Greek, Roman, Hebrew, early Christian and Islamic writers. Confucius suggested a balance between land and agricultural peoples controlled by government-enforced migration. Plato, in Laws, conceived of an optimum population in a City-State, controlled by censure, immigration, and emigration. Aristotle, in Politics, wrote that resources and population should grow in harmony to avoid poverty, conflict, or the control measures of abortion and infant exposure. The Romans under Agustus legislated economic benefits to married and favored reproduction. The Hebrews similarly considered sterility a calamity and valued large populations for economic and military power. Early Christians usually considered reproduction as a moral question, forbiding polygamy, divorce, abortion, and infanticide, but they also glorified celibacy. Throughout medieval times the primary emphasis, both ecclesiastically and culturally, was on growth because of fear of d epopulation. An Islamic scholar of the fourteenth century, Ibn Khaldoun, favored a dense population because it would afford more efficient division of labor, higher living standards, and economic and military security. He believed that the population would respond to economic conditions. Since Malthus, demographic theory has divided into 2 trends: first, studies of rapid growth, and second, the relationships between population and economic and social development.

  6. On The Relationship between Confucius Institute and Confucius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei; Jian-li

    2014-01-01

    Confucius institutes, aiming to promote Chinese language and culture to the world, are fast-developed after 2004. Confucius, as a great thinker and educationist in Chinese history, influences Chinese language and culture powerfully from past till nowadays. Confucius institutes are inevitably influenced by Confucius and Confucianism.

  7. Plato's Embryology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilberding, James

    2015-01-01

    Embryology was a subject that inspired great cross-disciplinary discussion in antiquity, and Plato's Timaeus made an important contribution to this discussion, though Plato's precise views have remained a matter of controversy, especially regarding three key questions pertaining to the generation and nature of the seed: whether there is a female seed; what the nature of seed is; and whether the seed contains a preformed human being. In this paper I argue that Plato's positions on these three issues can be adequately determined, even if some other aspects of his theory cannot. In particular, it is argued that (i) Plato subscribes to the encephalo-myelogenic theory of seed, though he places particular emphasis on the soul being the true seed; (ii) Plato is a two-seed theorist, yet the female seed appears to make no contribution to reproduction; and (iii) Plato cannot be an advocate of preformationism.

  8. Confucius Heats Up

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The opening cer-emony of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games left the world spectacular impression. One of the most unforget-table ones was the recitation of Confucius's quotes by the 3000 people who acted as his students group. A Confucius heat spreads China and the rest of the world soon.

  9. The Buber-Rogers Dialogue: Theory Confirmed in Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seckinger, Donald S.

    1976-01-01

    Considers a dialogue between Carl Rogers and Martin Buber and its use both in distinguishing the concept teaching from the concept therapy as a general case and specifically in differentiating existential psychotherapy from Buber's theory of instruction. (Author/RK)

  10. Confused About Confucius?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    VALERIE; SARTOR

    2009-01-01

    confucius is one of the rare men who impacted human history by dint of his personal and intellectual gifts. So much legend and tradition whirls around this great figure that it becomes hard to clearly understand the man and his teachings.

  11. Bakhtin and Buber: Problems of Dialogic Imagination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Perlina

    1984-09-01

    Full Text Available Recent publications of biographical materials on Mikhail Bakhtin demonstrate that he was familiar with the writings of Martin Buber. The philosophical and aesthetic verbal expression of Buber's ideas within the time-spatial universe of Bakhtin's own awareness allows us to discuss this obvious biographical evidence in a wider cultural context. The central opposition of Buber's and Bakhtin's systems is the dialogic dichotomous pair: "Ich und Du" (I and Thou, or "myself and another." Bakhtin's dialogic imagination is rooted in the binaries of the subject-object relations which he initially formulated as "responsibility" and "addressivity," that is to say, as individual awareness and its responsiveness of life. The basic words of Bakhtin's philosophical aesthetics can be understood as the "relation to the other," and their semantics and terminological meaning are directly related to Martin Buber (his work, Ich und Du , 1923. In the 1930s-60s Bakhtin developed the concepts of responsibility and addressivity into his universal dialogic theory of speech-genres. His hierarchy of speech-genres was built in order to establish relations between different sub-genres of the novel (various types of poetic utterances and different species of individual discourse. However, the entire edifice of this dialogic system remained unfinished, and several types of dialogic relations between individual pronouncements of the characters and individual novelistic genres were not discussed by him. Buber's ideas on the dialogue can be used as a clue to one possible interpretation of the function of authoritative and internally persuasive discourses in different sub-genres of the novel (the novel of confession, the Bildungsroman , the autobiographical novel. In this article, Buber's philosophical cycle is used as an aid in reconstructing the integral whole of Bakhtin's "dialogic imagination," as this dialogic mode of thinking goes through his unfinished works: "Author and

  12. Confucius as a Critical Educator: Towards Educational Thoughts of Confucius

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Juanjuan

    2013-01-01

    This paper is a cross-cultural comparative study in education philosophy. A comparative and philosophical approach is used to interpret texts from the Analects of Confucius and to find connections with ideas of critical educators. In comparing Confucius' educational thought with that of Paulo Freire, John Dewey and other theorists in critical…

  13. Jilin Confucius Temple

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Jilin Confucius Temple, first built in 1736, is located in the old district of the city of Jilin, the northeastern Jilin Province. By the early reign of Emperor Daoguan (around 1821), the main constructions of the temple included Great Achievement Hall, Great Achievement Gate, Scholar’s Pond, Latticework Gate, East and West Outer Gates and Minglun Hall. New buildings were added during the reign of emperors Xianfeng and

  14. Vygotsky's and Buber's Pedagogical Perspectives: Some Affinities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartholo, Roberto; Tunes, Elizabeth; Tacca, Maria Carmen Villela Rosa

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the dialogical and creative character of pedagogic work by analyzing the affinities between Martin Buber's "I-Thou relation" and Lev Semenovich Vygotsky's "Zone of Proximal Development". Backed up by empirical studies on the teacher-student relation, we understand that education can only result in students'…

  15. Eternal Thou and religiosity in Buber's thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Newton Aquiles von Zuben

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The axial point on Buber's philosophy is the notion of the I-Thou encounter. All lines of all relations, if extended will meet in the eternal Thou. By affirming that, Buber introduces his dense considerations about God, the eternal Thou, the only Thou who due to his own essence cannot become an It. The dialogical encounter I - eternal Thou is an immediate relation of presence (Gegenwartsbeziehung. That is the background in which one can understand what religiosity means to Buber. It is an encounter in the presence (Gegenwart between the man and the eternal Thou. And such relation is a religious experience that is conceived and announced in the human experience. Dialogical relations among men are signs of a more perfect relation that is the relation with God. The objective of this article is to show how the meaning of the eternal Thou and of the religiosity as encounter in the presence with the eternal Thou in the work I and Thou.

  16. A Response to Jane Sahi's "Dialogue as Education: Martin Buber"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baniwal, Vikas

    2014-01-01

    This article is inspired by Jane Sahi's commentary, "Dialogue as Education: Martin Buber," published under the feature "Classics with Commentary" in the Monsoon 2005 issue of "Contemporary Education Dialogue." I seek to further the discussion of the contributions of Martin Buber to the discourse of education through…

  17. Filsafat Ketuhanan Menurut Plato

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    Ivan Th.J Weismann

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Plato adalah filsuf pertama yang menulis secara filosofis dan secara sistematik teologis mengenai konsep Ketuhanan sehingga dapatlah dikatakan bahwa ia adalah peletqk dasar bagi ilmu teologia dan memberikan pengaruh besar bagi perkembanganfilsafat Barat khususnya tentangkonsep Ketuhanan. Pemikiran Plato tentang Ketuhanan adalah upayanya untuk mereformasi konsep Ketuhanan yang terdapat pada masyarakat Yunani kuno. Tulisan ini berupaya menganalisis dan memahami Ketuhanan menurut Plato agar pembaca masa kini dapat mengerti lebih dalam lagi tentong konsep Ketuhanan yang dipahami masyarakat Yunani kuno dan khususnya menurut Plato, dan juga dapat dijadikan sebagai bahan perbandingan bagifilsafat Ketuhanan pada masa kini. Filsafat Ketuhanan menurut Plato ini penulis jelaskan dengan memperhatikandimensi metafisika, epistemologi, dan etika.

  18. [Plato psychiatrist, Foucault platonic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathov, Nicolás

    2016-05-01

    This work explores the links between the concepts of "soul", "law" and "word" in Plato's work, in order to highlight the importance and the centrality of the philosophical-therapeutic dimension in the Greek philosopher's thought. In that way, this work pretends to show that "contemporary" problems usually discussed within "Human Sciences" in general, and Psychiatry in particular, should confront their knowledge with Plato's work, mainly due to the profound influence his ideas have had in our Greco-Christian culture. In that sense, and with that objective, this work also explores Michel Foucault's lucid and controversial interpretation of Plato.

  19. Philosophy and "Alternative Humanistic Education": Buber and Neill in Contrast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Peter M.

    1980-01-01

    While Buber and Neill insist upon promoting the freedom and happiness of the student, their attitudes toward discipline and order and the role of the teacher in this regard differ radically. This difference is traceable to a contrast in principles concerning the nature of the person and religion. (Author/SJL)

  20. Dialogical Rhetoric: An Application of Martin Buber's Philosophy of Dialogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czubaroff, Jeanine

    2000-01-01

    Postulates that the philosophy of dialogue developed by Martin Buber provides a coherent grounding for a dialogical/ontological rhetoric. Contrasts, respectively, instrumental and dialogical conceptions of the rhetorical situation and instrumental and dialogical characterizations of the rhetor, the rhetor's purposes and modes of influence.…

  1. PLATO IV Accountancy Index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pondy, Dorothy, Comp.

    The catalog was compiled to assist instructors in planning community college and university curricula using the 48 computer-assisted accountancy lessons available on PLATO IV (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operation) for first semester accounting courses. It contains information on lesson access, lists of acceptable abbreviations for…

  2. Control Data's Education Offering: "Plato Would Have Enjoyed PLATO"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Datamation, 1976

    1976-01-01

    Programmed Learning and Teaching Operation (PLATO) distributes instructional materials in the form of text, numbers, animated drawings and other graphics for individualized, self-paced learning. (Author)

  3. From Pericles to Plato

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Øjvind

    2012-01-01

    Plato is normally taken as one of the founders of Western political philosophy, not at least with his Republic. Here, he constructs a hierarchy of forms of governments, beginning with aristocracy at the top as a critical standard for the other forms of governments, and proceeding through timocrac......’ funeral oration is used to show that Pericles presented a democratic political philosophy that can serve as a counterpoint to Plato’s political philosophy in the Republic....

  4. Martin Buber: eclipse de Deus e o Holocausto

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    Renato Somberg Pfeffer

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este artigo analisa a questão da eclipse de Deus em Martin Buber. A experiência religiosa israelita parte de duas compreensões convergentes de Deus: Ele é o senhor da história e criador do mundo e do homem. Tudo que existe não se explica por si mesmo, tudo se remete ao criador. A partir desse ponto de vista, serão enfocados Deus e o Holocausto.

  5. Healing relationships and the existential philosophy of Martin Buber

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    Stange Kurt C

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The dominant unspoken philosophical basis of medical care in the United States is a form of Cartesian reductionism that views the body as a machine and medical professionals as technicians whose job is to repair that machine. The purpose of this paper is to advocate for an alternative philosophy of medicine based on the concept of healing relationships between clinicians and patients. This is accomplished first by exploring the ethical and philosophical work of Pellegrino and Thomasma and then by connecting Martin Buber's philosophical work on the nature of relationships to an empirically derived model of the medical healing relationship. The Healing Relationship Model was developed by the authors through qualitative analysis of interviews of physicians and patients. Clinician-patient healing relationships are a special form of what Buber calls I-Thou relationships, characterized by dialog and mutuality, but a mutuality limited by the inherent asymmetry of the clinician-patient relationship. The Healing Relationship Model identifies three processes necessary for such relationships to develop and be sustained: Valuing, Appreciating Power and Abiding. We explore in detail how these processes, as well as other components of the model resonate with Buber's concepts of I-Thou and I-It relationships. The resulting combined conceptual model illuminates the wholeness underlying the dual roles of clinicians as healers and providers of technical biomedicine. On the basis of our analysis, we argue that health care should be focused on healing, with I-Thou relationships at its core.

  6. Healing relationships and the existential philosophy of Martin Buber

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, John G; Scott, Rebecca G; Miller, William L; Stange, Kurt C; Crabtree, Benjamin F

    2009-01-01

    The dominant unspoken philosophical basis of medical care in the United States is a form of Cartesian reductionism that views the body as a machine and medical professionals as technicians whose job is to repair that machine. The purpose of this paper is to advocate for an alternative philosophy of medicine based on the concept of healing relationships between clinicians and patients. This is accomplished first by exploring the ethical and philosophical work of Pellegrino and Thomasma and then by connecting Martin Buber's philosophical work on the nature of relationships to an empirically derived model of the medical healing relationship. The Healing Relationship Model was developed by the authors through qualitative analysis of interviews of physicians and patients. Clinician-patient healing relationships are a special form of what Buber calls I-Thou relationships, characterized by dialog and mutuality, but a mutuality limited by the inherent asymmetry of the clinician-patient relationship. The Healing Relationship Model identifies three processes necessary for such relationships to develop and be sustained: Valuing, Appreciating Power and Abiding. We explore in detail how these processes, as well as other components of the model resonate with Buber's concepts of I-Thou and I-It relationships. The resulting combined conceptual model illuminates the wholeness underlying the dual roles of clinicians as healers and providers of technical biomedicine. On the basis of our analysis, we argue that health care should be focused on healing, with I-Thou relationships at its core. PMID:19678950

  7. Hippocrates, cardiology, Confucius and the Yellow Emperor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, T O

    2001-12-01

    Although Hippocrates (460-c.375 BC) has been traditionally recognized as the Father of Medicine, the fact that he was seminal in the development of cardiology is much less well known. Evidence is presented to support the notion that Hippocrates could also be considered the Father of Cardiology. Hippocrates also had many of the teachings and practices in common with Confucius (c.551-c.479 BC) and the Yellow Emperor of China (2695-2589 BC). Whereas Confucius was not a physician, the Yellow Emperor was an ancient Chinese physician whose Huang Di Neijing, the Yellow Emperor's Canon of Internal Medicine, is the oldest known treatise of medicine in existence.

  8. Peers on Socrates and Plato

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackenzie, Jim

    2014-01-01

    There is more to be said about two of the topics Chris Peers addresses in his article "Freud, Plato and Irigaray: A morpho-logic of teaching and learning" (2012, Educational Philosophy and Theory, 44, 760-774), namely the Socratic method of teaching and Plato's stance with regard to women and feminism. My purpose in this article is…

  9. PLATO Sitcom Dialogs for Russian.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, Clayton; Provenzano, Nolen

    1981-01-01

    Situation comedy (sitcom) dialogs that are included in PLATO lessons for first year Russian students are described. These comprehension exercises make use of both the touch panel and the audio capabilities of PLATO. The sitcom dialogs were written by a native speaker of Russian and are based on the vocabulary in the textbook plus a small number of…

  10. Peers on Socrates and Plato

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackenzie, Jim

    2014-01-01

    There is more to be said about two of the topics Chris Peers addresses in his article "Freud, Plato and Irigaray: A morpho-logic of teaching and learning" (2012, Educational Philosophy and Theory, 44, 760-774), namely the Socratic method of teaching and Plato's stance with regard to women and feminism. My purpose in this article is…

  11. Martin Buber's Myth of Zion: National Education or Counter-Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breslauer, S. Daniel

    2016-01-01

    If national education is, as Ilan Gur-Ze'ev thinks, inevitably a matter of agents for and victims of a national system, only a "counter-education" can correct it. Martin Buber shared many of Gur-Ze'ev's concerns, but advocated a more positive view of national education. This essay examines Buber's development of his pedagogical theory in…

  12. The Kingdom of God. Martin Buber's Critique of Messianic Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Mendes- Flohr

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Through a textual and contextual analysis of Martin Buber’s scholarly disquisition, Königtum Gottes (1932, the article focuses on his critique of political Messianism. This critique is addressed to his friends who participated in the Bavarian Revolution of 1918/19, the political theology of Friedrich Gogarten and Carl Schmitt, and given trends in Zionism. This article discusses the affinities of Buber’s critique of political Messianism with that of Max Weber who like Buber called for a political and ethical re-valorization of the everyday. This call is contrasted with Walter Benjamin’s political Messianism, whose dialectic in effect endorses a similar ethos.

  13. The bioethical principles and Confucius' moral philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, D F-C

    2005-03-01

    This paper examines whether the modern bioethical principles of respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice proposed by Beauchamp and Childress are existent in, compatible with, or acceptable to the leading Chinese moral philosophy-the ethics of Confucius. The author concludes that the moral values which the four prima facie principles uphold are expressly identifiable in Confucius' teachings. However, Confucius' emphasis on the filial piety, family values, the "love of gradation", altruism of people, and the "role specified relation oriented ethics" will inevitably influence the "specification" and application of these bioethical principles and hence tend to grant "beneficence" a favourable position that diminishes the respect for individual rights and autonomy. In contrast, the centrality of respect for autonomy and its stance of "first among equals" are more and more stressed in Western liberal viewpoints. Nevertheless, if the Confucian "doctrine of Mean" (chung-yung) and a balanced "two dimensional personhood" approach are properly employed, this will require both theorists and clinicians, who are facing medical ethical dilemmas, of searching to attain due mean out of competing moral principles thus preventing "giving beneficence a priority" or "asserting autonomy must triumph".

  14. Phusis and Nomos in Plato

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    Zahra Nouri Sanghdehi

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the greatest problems in Plato that appears in different forms in his works is the relation of nomos and phusis. This thesis has been in fifth century B.C as the contradiction of phusis and nomos among big thinkers. In this essay, we tried to investigate the relation of phusis and nomos in Plato’s thoughts according to current theories of the contradiction of these in dialogues Gorgias, Republic and Protagoras. Plato tries to minimize consequences of belief to contradiction of phusis and nomos in social and political life by assertion large scale relation between phusis and nomos. Plato depicts the ultimate solution of this problem in Law. There he accounts nomos as raised from phusis that is sub sovereignty of divine. Indeed union of phusis and gods in Plato’s thought is sanction for the identity of phusis and nomos.

  15. What is Plato? Inference and Allusion in Plato's "Sophist."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quandahl, Ellen

    1989-01-01

    Discusses inference and allusion in the dialogue in Plato's Sophist. Examines the sense in which a locution is used, distinguishing among senses of the verb to be, and sets the ball rolling for the development of logic and the whole metaphysics of categories of being. (RAE)

  16. Pesquisa em enfermagem: possibilidades da filosofia de Buber Investigación en enfermeria: posibilidades de la filosofía de Buber Nursing research: possibilities of Buber's philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela Maris de Mello Padoin

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available As pesquisas em Enfermagem têm colaborado para a construção do conhecimento próprio da profissão, sendo evidente a tendência qualitativa, da qual se destaca a abordagem fenomenológica. O presente artigo apresentará as possibilidades da filosofia de Martin Buber na pesquisa. Na fase de campo, pode subsidiar a ferramenta de entrevista, pois trata das relações e do diálogo. Na fase de análise, pode ser utilizado como referencial teórico para interpretação, pois apresenta subsídios para compreensão do encontro de presença entre os seres humanos, a partir do modo de ver a si e ao mundo. Assim, compreendemos a contribuição de Buber como referencial na produção qualitativa em pesquisa.Las investigaciones en Enfermería tienen colaborado para la construcción del conocimiento propio de la profesión, siendo evidente la tendencia cualitativa, de la cual se destaca el abordaje fenomenológico. El presente artículo presentará las posibilidades de la filosofía de Martin Buber en la investigación. En la fase de campo, puede subsidiar la herramienta de entrevista, pues trata de las relaciones y del diálogo. En la fase del análisis, puede ser utilizado como referencial teórico para interpretación, ya que presenta subsidios para comprensión del encuentro de presencia entre los seres humanos, a partir del modo de ver a si y al mundo. Así, comprendemos la contribución de Buber como referencial en la producción cualitativa en investigación.The nursing researches have collaborated to build the profession knowledge. The tendency in qualitative methodologies is evident, and among them we highlight the phenomenology approach. This paper will present the possibilities of Martin Buber's philosophy in research. In the field work, it can help the interview technique because it is related with relationship and dialogue. During the analyses phase it should be applied as a theoretical framework to interpretation. The Martin Buber

  17. Views of epistemology from Locke and Confucius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖志毅

    2013-01-01

    In the history of humanity, there are so many great thinkers contributing a lot to our lives. In education area, thinkers in both eastern and western countries left so many master pieces to later generation. Are there any difference between their ideas of learning? What makes the differences between Chinese learner and those from western countries? In this paper, I will try to ex⁃plain these by compare the views of epistemology from Locke and Confucius. From that we may find the answer.

  18. Confucius School, a National Strategy for Chinese Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANGHONG

    2005-01-01

    Confucius Great educator, thinker, and founder of Confucianism, Confucius(551-479 B.C.) is regarded as having had the greatest innuence on the development of Chinese culture. He is believed to have had 3,000 students and 72 disciples, with whom he traveled the vassal states in ancient China for 14 years. He collated and compiled many ancient books,including the Book of Songs, the Book of History, the Book of Rites,and the Book of Music.

  19. The Confucius Institute at the University of Zambia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragelund, Peter; Hampwaye, Godfrey

    2016-01-01

    , and what the implications of these differences are for the chances of producing locally relevant knowledge in Africa. This is done through a case study of the newly established Confucius Institute at the University of Zambia in Lusaka, Zambia. This case enables us to further our understanding of how...... the Confucius Institute operates, how it is governed and, more importantly, how it affects the University of Zambia’s room for manoeuvre in determining (and funding) its own vision and strategy....

  20. The call and the response. Martin Heidegger and Martin Buber on responsibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artur JEWUŁA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The philosophy of subjectivity reached its limits at the beginning of the 20th century. Various attempts at new thinking appears as a reaction to these limits. Such attempts involve, among others, the philosophy of dialogue that was represented in the works of Franz Rosenzweig, Martin Buber, and Eberhard Grisebach. Another approach includes Martin Heidegger’s demand for returning to the question of Being. In this article I intend to present that both attempts are similar in many ways, although their representatives tended to be critical of one another. However, the thought of Martin Buber as well as Martin Heidegger proves to understand a man as a dynamic being, who faces “the calling”. First, I will analyse the thought of Martin Heidegger as presented in Being and Time, then I describe the thought of Martin Buber mainly based on his treaty I and Thou. Finally, I compare the similarities and differences in the thinking of both philosophers.

  1. Cultural Diplomacy and Internationalization of Higher Education: The Experience of Three Confucius Institutes in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwan, Covina Y. W.

    2014-01-01

    This paper is based on a study of three Confucius Institutes in Canada. The research aims to explore the nature of operations at Confucius Institutes, ranging from the selection of partnering Chinese universities, to the program planning at each individual site. Specifically, it focuses on the perceived impacts of the Confucius Institute…

  2. Cultural Diplomacy and Internationalization of Higher Education: The Experience of Three Confucius Institutes in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwan, Covina Y. W.

    2014-01-01

    This paper is based on a study of three Confucius Institutes in Canada. The research aims to explore the nature of operations at Confucius Institutes, ranging from the selection of partnering Chinese universities, to the program planning at each individual site. Specifically, it focuses on the perceived impacts of the Confucius Institute…

  3. Martin Buber's Concept of Inclusion as a Critique of Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veck, Wayne

    2013-01-01

    Martin Buber offers an account of a tendency towards polarisation in responses to the perplexing question of inclusion in education. On the one hand, the educator can be identified as one who includes what is present and becoming within individual young people in isolation from the world. On the other hand, the educator can be recognised as one…

  4. The Apocalyptic War Against Gog Of Magog. Martin Buber versus Meir Kahane

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sneller, H.W.

    2015-01-01

    In this article a confrontation on the classic Gog/Magog motive (end time battle between God and evil) is enacted between two opposite Jewish thinkers: Martin Buber and Meir Kahane. It shows how and on what conditions the biblical text can be interpreted so differently. The article also tries to she

  5. The Apocalyptic War Against Gog Of Magog. Martin Buber versus Meir Kahane

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sneller, H.W.

    2015-01-01

    In this article a confrontation on the classic Gog/Magog motive (end time battle between God and evil) is enacted between two opposite Jewish thinkers: Martin Buber and Meir Kahane. It shows how and on what conditions the biblical text can be interpreted so differently. The article also tries to she

  6. The Apocalyptic War Against Gog Of Magog. Martin Buber versus Meir Kahane

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sneller, H.W.

    2015-01-01

    In this article a confrontation on the classic Gog/Magog motive (end time battle between God and evil) is enacted between two opposite Jewish thinkers: Martin Buber and Meir Kahane. It shows how and on what conditions the biblical text can be interpreted so differently. The article also tries to

  7. What is an Author? Taking Confucius for an Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chieh Liu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The proposed study is a case study of the author function by examining a famed “author” - Confucius. Preliminary results are presented of an analysis based on “The Hereditary House of Confucius” in The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian that paints a picture of Confucius as an author, as conceived in the 2nd century BCE (the Former Han dynasty. The study uses the method of qualitative content analysis to answer the following research questions: (1 What types of authorship is Confucius said to have performed according to his biography by Sima Qian? (2 What are the works related to Confucius? (3 What does each type of authorship entail? To answer these questions, a three-stage process is conducted to analyze the text: First, isolation of useful segments; then, identification and coding of relevant works mentioned in the biography; and finally, specification and analysis of the outcomes. Tentatively, the analysis has identified at least three types of authorship: writer, editor, and transmitter. As part of a larger study to examine the images of Confucius as an author over time, the primary purpose of the research reported here is to gain more understanding of the author function in Chinese culture. This study’s findings are undoubtedly important for expanding research on authorship in KO. Eventually such research will lead to improved KO system design, especially in the area of author data. [Article content in Chinese

  8. Confucius Say: Naming as Social Code in Ancient China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagemann, Julie Ann

    Confucius (551-479 B.C.) believed in the power of language to regulate society. Concerned about civil war and the moral and social decay of his time, he advocated a peaceful society with a mild and moderate form of law and order and with an emphasis on the well-being of individuals through compassion, kindness, and justice. This form of law…

  9. Confucius as Transformational Leader: Lessons for ESL Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bi, Leilei; Ehrich, John; Ehrich, Lisa C.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to explore the leadership values and practices of Confucius in the light of transformational leadership theory. Design/methodology/approach: This paper is literature based. Findings: The paper discusses four key dimensions of transformational leadership theory: idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual…

  10. Spotlight on Confucius: Chinese Classics and Cultural Values. Updated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arkin, Linda, Ed.

    This updated set of lesson plans focuses on Confucius and Confucian thought, especially Confucian ethics. The lesson plans are divided into the following chapters: (1) "How do the Analects embody the ethical framework of Confucian thought?"; (2) "How does Confucianism affect behavior, attitudes and beliefs?"; (3) "How did…

  11. MEANINGS OF ARCHAIC LAW IN THE WORK OF CONFUCIUS AS A SOURCE OF CHINESE LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilena Oana NEDELEA

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Confucius's ideas are a basic element in the thinking and evolution of mankind, bringing a very important contribution in the development of law principles. Confucius's ideas on Law and the principles by which society is organized and managed properly can be summarized in the following lessons: “The superior man is dominated by love of justice, the common man is dominated by the love of gain”. Confucius required to be respected traditions, customs and rituals in order to have a stronger society and citizens that obey the laws. The teachings of Confucius were a main source of law which later formed the principles of Chinese law.

  12. The Method of Hypothesis in Plato's Philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malihe Aboie Mehrizi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the examination of method of hypothesis in Plato's philosophy. This method, respectively, will be examined in three dialogues of Meno, Phaedon and Republic in which it is explicitly indicated. It will be shown the process of change of Plato’s attitude towards the position and usage of the method of hypothesis in his realm of philosophy. In Meno, considering the geometry, Plato attempts to introduce a method that can be used in the realm of philosophy. But, ultimately in Republic, Plato’s special attention to the method and its importance in the philosophical investigations, leads him to revise it. Here, finally Plato introduces the particular method of philosophy, i.e., the dialectic

  13. Plato's Anti-Kohlbergian Program for Moral Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonas, Mark E.

    2016-01-01

    Following Lawrence Kohlberg it has been commonplace to regard Plato's moral theory as "intellectualist", where Plato supposedly believes that becoming virtuous requires nothing other than "philosophical knowledge or intuition of the ideal form of the good". This is a radical misunderstanding of Plato's educational programme,…

  14. THEORY OF LOVE IN PLATO'S PHILOSOPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZOHREH MOZAFARI

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a philosophical analysis of the phenomenon of Plato’s love. It is noted that a large number of works are devoted to the philosophy of Plato’s love, but not all aspects of his philosophy are studied, for example the problems of erotosophy of Plato. Phenomenon of love interested philosophers since ancient times. The first attempts to explain the phenomenon of love appeared in ancient times. These attempts were made by ancient philosophers Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Platonism is a multifaceted teaching; identification of all possibilities of Plato’s erotic philosophy which can supplement other fields of philosophy is important and topical. 

  15. Cultural Artefact, Ideology Export or Soft Power? Confucius Institute in Peru

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jae

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a critical analysis of the transnational interplay of cultural, educational and economic forces that culminated with the establishment of a Chinese language and cultural centre in Peru, the Confucius Institute. Confucius Institutes are government-sponsored cultural centres devoted mainly to Chinese language education around the…

  16. Review of the Confucius Institutes' Strategy for the Dissemination of Chinese Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ying, Wu

    2016-01-01

    Following four years of continuous expansion in scale, the Confucius Institutes have begun entering the stage of implicit development: the most pressing question that needs answering is whether the Confucius Institutes, which are devoted to the dissemination of Chinese culture, can achieve the spread of Chinese culture overseas through day-to-day…

  17. Confucius' Analysis of the Human Nature of Irrationality and His Quest for Moral Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiawei, Xing

    2015-01-01

    This study uses mainly Confucian classic Lunyu to explore Confucius' insightful thinking about humans' strong innate nature of irrationality out of their physical needs. Irrationality causes interpersonal disturbances and chaos, and as such moral education is indispensable. Confucius advocated humanity, the principles of conscientiousness and…

  18. Beyond "Either-Or" Thinking: John Dewey and Confucius on Subject Matter and the Learner

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Charlene

    2016-01-01

    This article compares the educational thought of John Dewey and Confucius on the nature of and relationship between subject matter and the learner. There is a common perception in the existing literature and discourse that Dewey advocates child- or learner-centred education whereas Confucius privileges subject matter via textual transmission.…

  19. Martin buber: uma alternativa para se pensar as inter-relações no cotidiano escolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia R. M.Ferraz Arruda

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Nesta comunicação procuramos mostrar a propriedade das idéias de Martin Buber, na obra Eu e Tu (2001, para se pensar as inter-relações na escola. Em termos antropológicos, no cotidiano escolar se configuram, simultaneamente, cultura organizacional e a cultura de grupos, segundo Edgar Morin (1984 e Michel Maffesoli (1998. Buscamos na “filosofia do encontro” uma reflexão sobre as relações inter-subjetivas produzidas pelos sujeitos no cotidiano escolar. São relações que efetivam a comunicação, definida por Buber como um encontro, no qual se dá a complementaridade e reciprocidade das ações entre o Eu-Tu, o dialógico, em detrimento à experiência de contato proporcionada no Eu-Isso, o monológico. A questão a ser iluminada diz respeito ao fato de que, por meio da “filosofia do encontro”, talvez possamos encontrar suportes teóricos consistentes para repensarmos as relações produzidas pelos sujeitos no âmbito escolar, o que evidencia o caráter “ontológico” de uma questão crucial na escola: ensino-aprendizagem. Abstract: This paper will attempt to point out relevance of the ideas of Martin Buber, in the work “I and Thou” (2001, to think the interrelations in school. In anthropological terms, in the school daily life both organizational culture and the culture of groups are established, according Edgar Morin (1984 and Michel Maffesoli (1998. We searched on the “Philosophy of the Meeting" a reflection on the inter-subjective relations produced by the subjects in the everyday life school. They are relations that implement the communication, defined by Buber as an encounter, which gave the complementarity and reciprocity of actions between the “I-Thou”, the dialogical, to the detriment of the experience of contact provided in the “I-That”, the monological. The issue to be enlightened relates to the fact that, through the "philosophy of the meeting," perhaps we can find consistent theoretical support in

  20. Quoting Plato in Porphyrius' Cuestiones homericas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Rodríguez‑Noriega Guillén

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the quotations of Plato in Porphyry’s Homeric Questions,including their typology (literal quotation, allusion, paraphrase, etc., their beingor not direct citations, their function in the work, and their possible parallels inother authors.

  1. Plato's problem an introduction to mathematical platonism

    CERN Document Server

    Panza, M

    2013-01-01

    What is mathematics about? And how can we have access to the reality it is supposed to describe? The book tells the story of this problem, first raised by Plato, through the views of Aristotle, Proclus, Kant, Frege, Gödel, Benacerraf, up to the most recent debate on mathematical platonism.

  2. The PLATO 2.0 mission

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rauer, H.; et al., [Unknown; Hekker, S.

    2014-01-01

    PLATO 2.0 has recently been selected for ESA’s M3 launch opportunity (2022/24). Providing accurate key planet parameters (radius, mass, density and age) in statistical numbers, it addresses fundamental questions such as: How do planetary systems form and evolve? Are there other systems with planets

  3. Results of the 1975 Delaware PLATO Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofstetter, Fred T.

    During the Spring semester of 1975, the University of Delaware initiated a PLATO project with the dual purpose of demonstrating how a computer system might function in a university and of evaluating what part such a system might play in the future of the university and its supporting community. The demonstration phase of the project, which…

  4. Socrates, Plato, "Eros" and Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPherran, Mark L.

    2010-01-01

    This paper focuses on the educational method--the "elenchos"--of Plato's Socrates, arguing, against some prominent interpretations, that it is love, both "eros" and "philia", that is the key that links Socrates' philosophy with his education. This analysis, of course, raises some difficult questions regarding the relationship between teacher and…

  5. Plato's Protagoras: Professional Models, Ethical Concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregory, Marshall W.

    1983-01-01

    In Plato's model his clear criticism of Protagorean careerism and his negotiation with Socratic radicalism shows he is a centrist cultivating criticism and open discourse. In an age when academe seems to have lost a sense of its identify and function in society, its most enduring contributions are criticism and discourse. (MLW)

  6. What scientists can learn from Plato's Symposium

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Emmerik, Tim

    2015-04-01

    Conferences and scientific meetings are as old as science itself. The ancient Greeks where (in)famous for organizing so-called symposiums. During a symposium (from Greek, drinking together), attendees followed a program that contained both social and scientific aspects, focused around a certain topic. Whilst drinking and eating, all participants were expected to share their vision on the topic of interest by giving an oral presentation. The goal of these meetings was to arrive at a new common understanding and to come closer to the truth. Plato et al. knew very well how to organize an effective scientific conference, which should make use overthink the way we are organizing present-day conferences. Scientific meetings aim to connect researchers, share research and unravel the truth. The question is now: how do we get this done effectively? Plato knew that discussing science with strangers is difficult and he believed that talking about heavy matter could be done best when combined with social events. What if we try to go back to the times of Plato and model our conferences after the ancient symposiums? We might drop laying on couches and covering ourselves in ivy and flowers. However, a mix of social and scientific events will contribute to achieving the ultimate goal of why scientists go to conferences: to connect, to share and to unravel the truth.

  7. Revelation and Influence of Confucius and Socrates’ Educational Thoughts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张囡

    2015-01-01

    With the rapid development of economy,our country is experiencing an all-round,multi-level social transformation.Thus the value orientation and moral standard are also showing a trend of diversification.However,the problem is that the social morality of people began to decline;the old value system used to accept by us is collapsing gradually,while new value system has not formed yet.In such a situation,whether we can properly solve the problem will not only affect the construction of a harmonious society,but also decide the destiny and future of our country.Therefore,the key to solve the present moral education is to establish new order that fits our current social development.As the originator of moral education,Confucius and Socrates’ educational thoughts have been exerting great influence on the later generations.Confucius,the founder of moral education in ancient China,established a complete set of educational ideological system with " humaneness" as the core and " ritual" as its form of education.Based on the concept of " humaneness",he proposed filial piety,love and loyalty etc.as the most important concepts whenever at his time or that of ours.Socrates is also the father of western moral education who created a set of system,in which " goodness" is the core of his thoughts. " Know yourself" and " Virtue is knowledge" are the most famous concepts of his moral education.

  8. Revelation and Influence of Confucius and Socrates’Educational Thoughts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张囡

    2015-01-01

    With the rapid development of economy,our country is experiencing an all-round,multi-level social transformation. Thus the value orientation and moral standard are also showing a trend of diversification.However,the problem is that the social morality of people began to decline; the old value system used to accept by us is collapsing gradually,while new value system has not formed yet.In such a situation,whether we can properly solve the problem will not only affect the construction of a harmonious society,but also decide the destiny and future of our country. Therefore,the key to solve the present moral education is to establish new order thatfits our current social development.As the originator of moral education,Confucius and Socrates' educational thoughts have been exerting great influence on the later generations.Confucius,the founder of moral education in ancient China,established a complete set of educational ideological system with“humaneness”as the core and“ritual”as its form of education.Based on the concept of“humaneness”,he proposed filial piety,love and loyalty etc.as the most important concepts whenever at his time or that of ours.Socrates is also the father of western moral education who created a set of system,in which“goodness”is the core of his thoughts.“Know yourself”and“Virtue is knowledge”are the most famous concepts of his moral education.

  9. Separation of politics and morality:a commentary on Analects of Confucius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dongfang Shuo; Lin Hongcheng

    2006-01-01

    Confucians emphasizes and values morality,hence observers tended to regard moralities as politics so that the independent politics in the Confucian tradition has become implicit.Through a perusal of the Analects of Confucius,we can find that ethics and politics were separated from and independent of each other to Confucius,the primitive Confucian:he did not substitute ethics for politics.

  10. Confucius's Doctrine as a Part of Political Language of Modern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionova Anastasiya

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available As the title implies, the article describes Confucius study as a part of political language. It gives the detailed analysis of different public acts and documents, various media publications and speeches of Chinese politicians which demonstrate the influence of Confucius ideas on the political language of modern China and shows the degree of their reflection in the political lexis. First of all, Confucius had thought that the speech should be simple, clear and short. It should come from the bottom of your soul. Confucius believed that social disorder often stemmed from failure to perceive, understand, and deal with reality. Fundamentally, social disorder can stem from the failure to call things by their proper names, and his solution to this was rectification of names. If names are not correct, language is not in accordance with the truth of things, and it leads to unsuccessful business. The author shows how these speech requirements influence the political language today. The article goes on to say that not all Confucius ideas are used in the political language. Sometimes politicians can change the actual meaning and employ them for their own profits. Among other ideas modern politicians emphasize the idea of rectification of names, the idea of the importance of continuity, the idea of significant meaning of connections between generations, humaneness, laws which should be based on justice, and the idea of honest officials. The article proves that the influence of Confucius is manifested not only in the specific political decisions, but also in political language.

  11. From Plato to Orwell: Utopian Rhetoric in a Dystopian World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deatherage, Scott

    Plato's "Republic" and George Orwell's "1984" both posit visionary worlds, one where humans are virtuous and understand what Plato refers to as "the Good," and the other where citizens are pawns of a government which uses language as a form of tyranny and control. Despite these overarching differences in philosophical…

  12. A Summary of Plato Curriculum and Research Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyman, Elisabeth R.

    PLATO (programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations) is a computer-based teaching system which was developed in the Coordinated Science Laboratory at the University of Illinois to explore the possibilities of automation in individual instruction. The history of the PLATO program is summarized here, along with a list of courses which used…

  13. From Plato to Orwell: Utopian Rhetoric in a Dystopian World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deatherage, Scott

    Plato's "Republic" and George Orwell's "1984" both posit visionary worlds, one where humans are virtuous and understand what Plato refers to as "the Good," and the other where citizens are pawns of a government which uses language as a form of tyranny and control. Despite these overarching differences in philosophical…

  14. Plato the Pederast: Rhetoric and Cultural Procreation in the Dialogues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ervin, Elizabeth

    1993-01-01

    Examines Plato's Dialogues by reading them through two cultural lenses: the role of eros in classical Greece and its analogous relationship to language and rhetoric; and the educational function of eros within the ancient institution of pederasty. Shows how the cultural values of ancient Greece manifested themselves in Plato's erotic educational…

  15. Plato's Philosophy of Education and the Common Core Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Madonna M.

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines Plato's Philosophy of Education asking what he would say about the current Common Core initiative which is to better help students to become college and career ready. Plato would be in favor of the common core in as much as the standards are tied to specific skills needed in various career jobs as he was a proponent of…

  16. Fourth Summative Report of the Delaware PLATO Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofstetter, Fred T.

    A brief history of the Delaware PLATO project and descriptions of new developments in facilities, applications, user services, research, evaluation, and courseware produced since the Third Summative Report (1978) are provided, as well as an overview of PLATO applications at the University of Delaware. Sample lessons, illustrations, and activity…

  17. Fifth Summative Report of the Delaware PLATO Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofstetter, Fred T.

    A brief history of the Delaware PLATO project and descriptions of the new developments in facilities, applications, user services, research, evaluation, and courseware produced since the Fourth Summative Report (1979) are provided, as well as an overview of PLATO applications at the University of Delaware. Sample lessons, illustrations, and…

  18. Third Summative Report of the Delaware PLATO Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofstetter, Fred T.

    Descriptions of new developments in the areas of facilities, applications, user services, support staff, research, evaluation, and courseware production since the Second Summative Report (1977) are provided, as well as a summative overview of PLATO applications at the University of Delaware. Through the purchase of its own PLATO system, this…

  19. Plato's ghost the modernist transformation of mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Gray, Jeremy

    2008-01-01

    Plato's Ghost is the first book to examine the development of mathematics from 1880 to 1920 as a modernist transformation similar to those in art, literature, and music. Jeremy Gray traces the growth of mathematical modernism from its roots in problem solving and theory to its interactions with physics, philosophy, theology, psychology, and ideas about real and artificial languages. He shows how mathematics was popularized, and explains how mathematical modernism not only gave expression to the work of mathematicians and the professional image they sought to create for themselves, but how modernism also introduced deeper and ultimately unanswerable questions

  20. Pemikiran Epistemologi Barat: dari Plato Sampai Gonseth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nunu Burhanuddin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper riviewing the Western epistemology thought. The theme focuses on Plato to Gonseth. The Epistemology that referred in this article, is to think about "how humans acquire knowledge?". From this then appear four types of sect modern western epistemology thought, namely: sect of empiricism, rationalism sect, kantinian sect, sect of positivism. Furthermore, the social positivism sciences developed by Comte leaves serious problems associated with the loss of the role of the subject. This problem being the background of epistemology philosophy appears that by Emund Husserl developed through the phenomenology, Habermas through hermeneutics, and Ferdinand Gonseth through critical theory.

  1. The Martin Buber-Carl Jung disputations: protecting the sacred in the battle for the boundaries of analytical psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, B D

    2001-07-01

    The Martin Buber-C.G. Jung disputations rather than the Freud-Jung split or Samuels's post-Jungian categories is considered the more significant paradigm for understanding the conflicts erupting within the Jungian community surrounding clinical practice and candidate training. Looking through the lens of the Freud-Jung split keeps the conflicts focused on the theoretical and technical differences concerning such concepts as object-relations, transference-countertransference, neutrality, clinical boundaries. The Buber-Jung disputations move the discussion into a different and more foundational arena, namely the vertical and horizontal psychological considerations of the experience of the Sacred and how that dimension is supported or thwarted in clinical practice and candidate training by the respective allegiances of the 'warriors' in the 'Holy Wars'. Experiencing the texture of the Buber-Jung disputations as well as grappling with their content suggests that a more dialogical approach to actual clinical material may be a more fruitful way to understand the work of analysis and the business of candidate training.

  2. The PLATO 2.0 Mission

    CERN Document Server

    Rauer, H; Aerts, C; Appourchaux, T; Benz, W; Brandeker, A; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J; Deleuil, M; Gizon, L; Güdel, M; Janot-Pacheco, E; Mas-Hesse, M; Pagano, I; Piotto, G; Pollacco, D; Santos, N C; Smith, A; -C., J; Suárez,; Szabó, R; Udry, S; Adibekyan, V; Alibert, Y; Almenara, J -M; Amaro-Seoane, P; Eiff, M Ammler-von; Antonello, E; Ball, W; Barnes, S; Baudin, F; Belkacem, K; Bergemann, M; Birch, A; Boisse, I; Bonomo, A S; Borsa, F; Brandão, I M; Brocato, E; Brun, S; Burleigh, M; Burston, R; Cabrera, J; Cassisi, S; Chaplin, W; Charpinet, S; Chiappini, C; Csizmadia, Sz; Cunha, M; Damasso, M; Davies, M B; Deeg, H J; Fialho, F de Oliveira; DÍaz, R F; Dreizler, S; Dreyer, C; Eggenberger, P; Ehrenreich, D; Eigmüller, P; Erikson, A; Farmer, R; Feltzing, S; Figueira, P; Forveille, T; Fridlund, M; García, R; Giuffrida, G; Godolt, M; da Silva, J Gomes; Goupil, M -J; Granzer, T; Grenfell, J L; Grotsch-Noels, A; Günther, E; Haswell, C A; Hatzes, A P; Hébrard, G; Hekker, S; Helled, R; Heng, K; Jenkins, J M; Khodachenko, M L; Kislyakova, K G; Kley, W; Kolb, U; Krivova, N; Kupka, F; Lammer, H; Lanza, A F; Lebreton, Y; Magrin, D; Marcos-Arenal, P; Marrese, P M; Marques, J P; Martins, J; Mathis, S; Mathur, S; Messina, S; Miglio, A; Montalban, J; Montalto, M; Monteiro, M J P F G; Moradi, H; Moravveji, E; Mordasini, C; Morel, T; Mortier, A; Nascimbeni, V; Nielsen, M B; Noack, L; Norton, A J; Ofir, A; Oshagh, M; Ouazzani, R -M; Pápics, P; Parro, V C; Petit, P; Plez, B; Poretti, E; Quirrenbach, A; Ragazzoni, R; Raimondo, G; Rainer, M; Reese, D R; Redmer, R; Reffert, S; Rojas-Ayala, B; Roxburgh, I W; Solanki, S K; Salmon, S; Santerne, A; Schneider, J; Schou, J; Schuh, S; Schunker, H; Silva-Valio, A; Silvotti, R; Skillen, I; Snellen, I; Sohl, F; Sousa, A S; Sozzetti, A; Stello, D; Strassmeier, K G; Švanda, M; Szabó, G M; Tkachenko, A; Valencia, D; van Grootel, V; Vauclair, S D; Ventura, P; Wagner, F W; Walton, N A; Weingrill, J; Werner, S C; Wheatley, P J; Zwintz, K

    2013-01-01

    PLATO 2.0 is a mission candidate for ESA's M3 launch opportunity (2022/24). It addresses fundamental questions such as: How do planetary systems form and evolve? Are there other systems with planets like ours, able to develop life? The PLATO 2.0 instrument consists of 34 small aperture telescopes providing a wide field-of-view and a large photometric magnitude range. It targets bright stars in wide fields to detect and characterize planets down to Earth-size by photometric transits, whose masses can then be determined by ground-based radial-velocity follow-up measurements. Asteroseismology will be performed for stars <=11mag to obtain highly accurate stellar parameters, including masses and ages. The combination of bright targets and asteroseismology results in high accuracy for the bulk planet parameters: 2%, 4-10% and 10% for planet radii, masses and ages, respectively. The foreseen baseline observing strategy includes two long pointings (2-3 years) to detect and bulk characterize planets reaching into t...

  3. Plato on Metaphysical Explanation: Does 'Participating' Mean Nothing?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine J. Thomas

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available According to Aristotle, Plato's efforts at metaphysical explanation not only fail, they are nonsensical. In particular, Plato's appeals to Forms as metaphysically explanatory of the sensibles that participate in them is "empty talk" since "'participating' means nothing" (Met. 992a28-9. I defend Plato against Aristotle's charge by identifying a particular, substantive model of metaphysical predication as the favored model of Plato's late ontology. The model posits two basic metaphysical predication relations: self-predication and participation. In order to understand the participation relation, it is important first to understand how Plato's Forms are self-predicative paradigms. According to the favored model, Forms are self-predicative paradigms insofar as they are ideal, abstract encoders of structural essences. Sensibles participate in Forms by exemplifying the structures encoded in the Forms. Given plausible conditions on metaphysical explanation, Plato's appeals to abstract Forms as metaphysically explanatory of sensibles is a reasonable competitor for Aristotle's appeals to natural, substantial forms. At the very least, Plato's appeals to a participation relation are not empty.

  4. Examining Culture's Impact on the Learning Behaviors of International Students from Confucius Culture Studying in Western Online Learning Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Haijun; Chang, Bo

    2016-01-01

    There is a lack of shared understanding of how culture impacts learning in online environment. Utilizing document analysis, the authors in this research study culture's impact on the learning behaviors of student sojourners from Confucius culture studying in Western online learning context. The shared understandings of Confucius culture and…

  5. Technology validation of the PLATO CCD at ESA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prod'homme, Thibaut; Verhoeve, Peter; Beaufort, Thierry; Duvet, Ludovic; Lemmel, Frederic; Smit, Hans; Blommaert, Sander; Oosterbroek, Tim; van der Luijt, Cornelis; Visser, Ivo; Heijnen, Jerko; Butler, Bart

    2016-07-01

    PLATO { PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars { is the third medium-class mission to be selected in the European Space Agency (ESA) Science and Robotic Exploration Cosmic Vision programme. Due for launch in 2025, the payload makes use of a large format (8 cm x 8 cm) Charge-Coupled Devices (CCDs) the e2v CCD270 operated at 4 MHz. The manufacture of such large device in large quantity constitutes an unprecedented effort. To de-risk the PLATO CCD procurement and aid the mission definition process, ESA's Payload Technology Validation team is characterizing the electro-optical performance of a number of PLATO devices before and after proton irradiation.

  6. Confucius Institute at Universitas Al Azhar, Jakarta The unseen power of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thung Ju Lan

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available China’s soft power is a difficult concept to measure if the Confucius Institute is the only source relied on. Joseph Nye’s concept of soft power puts a strong emphasis on “the power of attraction” as a tool to persuade or “to shape the preferences of others” in the worlds of business and politics. To understand how this soft power - or the Confucius Institute - works, we have to determine the “observable” power of the “intangible” attraction embedded in it. This observable but intangible attraction is assumed to be “embedded”in the language and culture offered by the Institute, namely so-called “shared values”. However, without having attended its classes, it is difficult to see which values are being shared with the local students. Despite this handicap, it is very apparent that the image of China itself has acted as an attraction. An attraction to China was visible already, even before the Confucius Institute was established. For Indonesians, China is a big country which has exerted its power there for a long time through its diaspora and/or exports. Therefore, the Confucius Institute is just one of the many forms of Chinese-ness within their purview. Certainly, the Confucius Institute might have assisted in adjusting negative impressions and expelling some of the reservations the Indonesians have about China. Nevertheless, its influence extends to only a limited number of people who are closely engaged with the Institute.

  7. A scientific approach to Plato's Atlantis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Rapisarda

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The myth of Atlantis is hard to die. This attempt to use scientific evidence to give it the final smash ends up with the doubt that it might not be totally unsubstantiated. The time of the supposed existence of Atlantis (around twelve thousand years ago was, in fact, characterized by technological revolutions, acknowledged by archaeology, and abrupt climate changes, documented by geology. In principle, it cannot therefore be ruled out that some of those dramatic events left a memory, later used by Plato as a basis for its tale. The climate changes involved the majority of the northern hemisphere, thus all the ancient civilizations (Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Indian and Chinese could have preserved reminiscence, but it is clear that the events occurring closer to Greece would have been more accessible to Plato. Among the Mediterranean sites that experienced the cataclysms of the beginning of the Holocene, a good candidate to host a primordial civilization might have been the archipelago then existing in the Strait of Sicily, a natural maritime link between Tunisia and Italy, prized by the presence of an obsidian source at Pantelleria. Eleven thousand five hundred years ago, a sudden sea level rise erased the archipelago, submerging the possible settlements, but Pantelleria obsidian ores are still there and could provide a significant clue. In fact, the potential discovery of artefacts, originating from a source now submerged by the sea level rise, would imply that the collection of the mineral took place when it was still emerged, namely at the time of Atlantis. Even if such discovery would not be sufficient to prove the existence of the mythical island, it would be enough to shake up the timeline of the human occupation in the region.

  8. Intra-Socratic Polemics: The Symposia of Plato and Xenophon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Danzig

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Textual relationships between the two Symposia suggest that Xenophon wrote first, prompting Plato to write Socrates' critique of Phaedrus, to which Xenophon responded by appending his ch. 8.

  9. Rationality and Motivation: Moral Psychology in Plato's Socratic Dialogues

    OpenAIRE

    Ivars Neiders

    2011-01-01

    "Rationality and Motivation: Moral Psychology in Plato's Socratic Dialogues" Annotation The dissertation "Rationality and Motivation: Moral Psychology in Plato's Socratic Dialogues" is a philosophical study of Socratic views in moral psychology. Particular attention is paid to what the author calls (1) Doxastic competence and (2) Orectic competence. It is argued that according to Socrates these two different epistemic relations are important aspects of our self-understanding. The doxast...

  10. Confucius and unnamed boy”: intertextuality and adaptation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Schmaltz

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7968.2016v36n1p114 In 2005, Sergio Capparelli met Marcia Schmaltz in a Beijing subway and invited her to co-translate Chinese tales for children and youngsters. This meeting resulted in a collection of over two hundred short stories, which were partially published in 50 Fables of Fabulous China (Capparelli; Schmaltz, 2007 and in Chinese Supernatural Tales (Schmaltz; Capparelli, 2010. In this paper, I present some reflections originated from the bibliographical research about the preparation of those source texts. The first reflection focuses on the influence of the philosophical doctrines of the traditional culture for the Chinese literary production, which has on education one of its main roles. The second one combines literary concepts such as prose fiction, children’s literature and intertextuality in the different cultural systems involved, which must be taken into consideration by the translator. The third one refers to the reconstitution process of the tale “Confucius and unnamed boy”, and to the texts referring to this tale. Finally, the forth reflection is about the translation process. In this part, we discuss the decisions which were made, taking into account the intrinsic aspects of the source texts in the Chinese cultural system for its transposition in the target culture system.

  11. Confucius and unnamed boy”: intertextuality and adaptation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Schmaltz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2005, Sergio Capparelli met Marcia Schmaltz in a Beijing subway and invited her to co-translate Chinese tales for children and youngsters. This meeting resulted in a collection of over two hundred short stories, which were partially published in 50 Fables of Fabulous China (Capparelli; Schmaltz, 2007 and in Chinese Supernatural Tales (Schmaltz; Capparelli, 2010. In this paper, I present some reflections originated from the bibliographical research about the preparation of those source texts. The first reflection focuses on the influence of the philosophical doctrines of the traditional culture for the Chinese literary production, which has on education one of its main roles. The second one combines literary concepts such as prose fiction, children’s literature and intertextuality in the different cultural systems involved, which must be taken into consideration by the translator. The third one refers to the reconstitution process of the tale “Confucius and unnamed boy”, and to the texts referring to this tale. Finally, the forth reflection is about the translation process. In this part, we discuss the decisions which were made, taking into account the intrinsic aspects of the source texts in the Chinese cultural system for its transposition in the target culture system.

  12. What Plato and Murdoch Think About Love

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shadi Shakouri

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available There are many interpretations of love and lots of scholars write and talk on love; however, what exactly is the meaning of love? Iris Murdoch’s works are an accumulation of emotional relationships and feelings of love. Her great subject is love, both sexual and non-sexual, and her characters are the portrayal of a small group of people caught up in convoluted ties of love and hate, with Eros ruling over them (Cohen 22. Murdoch was one of the most respected British writers and philosophers of the second half of the twentieth century and, of course, the postwar period. In Murdoch’s novels, love is one of the central themes—marriage, as the institution of love, more often binds than frees. Her characters are mainly ego-centric people who struggle to love and are often overwhelmed by the factor of self-obsession, jealousy, ambition, fascination with suffering and charismatic power. They are absolutely ordinary people with a consuming demand for love, and mental and physical exile. Murdoch was inspired by Plato’s ideas in many ways. Like art, here again Plato’s idea of love is more skeptical than Murdoch’s, whereas Murdoch kept it only as a way to the Good, creation, and happiness. Murdoch and Plato saw love more as a Freudian concept, the Eros, the word that comes from the name of the first Greek god of love. Both the philosophers, Plato and Murdoch, believed that this erotic longing and desires revived by Eros can led to a new direction, a way toward virtue and truth. Her protagonist or marginalized characters are usually tackling it with either vulgarity or the heavenly, which results in creation, art or salvation. Murdoch, as a major moral philosopher, usually grasps the chances to encapsulate her moral visions in her works, and created novels that should be counted as meditations on human love and goodness. Keywords: Eros, erotic love and real artwork, moral philosopher, The Black Prince

  13. Can Virtue Be Taught and How? Confucius on the Paradox of Moral Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yong

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I shall first examine an apparent paradox in Confucius' view on whether everyone is perfectible through education: on the one hand, he states that education should be provided to all, on the other hand, he says that common people cannot be made to know things. To understand this apparent paradox, I shall argue that education for…

  14. East-West Epistemological Convergence of Humanism in Language, Identity, and Education: Confucius-Makiguchi-Dewey

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ming Fang

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author explores an East-West epistemological convergence of humanism illuminated in three main themes in the works of Confucius (551-479 BC), Makiguchi Tsunesaburo (1871-1944), and John Dewey (1859-1952): "human-nature interconnection," "associated self-cultivation," and "value creation." She contends that these thinkers'…

  15. East-West Epistemological Convergence of Humanism in Language, Identity, and Education: Confucius-Makiguchi-Dewey

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ming Fang

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author explores an East-West epistemological convergence of humanism illuminated in three main themes in the works of Confucius (551-479 BC), Makiguchi Tsunesaburo (1871-1944), and John Dewey (1859-1952): "human-nature interconnection," "associated self-cultivation," and "value creation." She contends that these thinkers'…

  16. Can Virtue Be Taught and How? Confucius on the Paradox of Moral Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yong

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I shall first examine an apparent paradox in Confucius' view on whether everyone is perfectible through education: on the one hand, he states that education should be provided to all, on the other hand, he says that common people cannot be made to know things. To understand this apparent paradox, I shall argue that education for…

  17. Reversing Plato’s Anti-Democratism: Castoriadis’ “Quirky” Plato

    OpenAIRE

    Wendy C. Hamblet

    2008-01-01

    This paper considers the conflicting "loves" of Cornelius Castoriadis--his love for the ancients, and especially Plato, and for the common person of the demos. A detailed study of Castoriadis' analysis of Plato's Statesman exposes that Castoriadis attempts to resolve the paradox by rereading Plato as a radical democrat. I argue that this unorthodox reading is at best "quirky, " (a charge Castoriadis levels at Plato) at worst a groundless sophism. However, I conjecture that Castoriadis' readin...

  18. Eugenics concept: from Plato to present.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Güvercin, C H; Arda, B

    2008-01-01

    All prospective studies and purposes to improve cure and create a race that would be exempt of various diseases and disabilities are generally defined as eugenic procedures. They aim to create the "perfect" and "higher" human being by eliminating the "unhealthy" prospective persons. All of the supporting actions taken in order to enable the desired properties are called positive eugenic actions; the elimination of undesired properties are defined as negative eugenics. In addition, if such applications and approaches target the public as a whole, they are defined as macro-eugenics. On the other hand, if they only aim at individuals and/or families, they are called micro-eugenics. As generally acknowledged, Galton re-introduced eugenic proposals, but their roots stretch as far back as Plato. Eugenic thoughts and developments were widely accepted in many different countries beginning with the end of the 19th to the first half of the 20th centuries. Initially, the view of negative eugenics that included compulsory sterilizations of handicapped, diseased and "lower" classes, resulted in tens of thousands being exterminated especially in the period of Nazi Germany. In the 1930s, the type of micro positive eugenics movement found a place within the pro-natalist policies of a number of countries. However, it was unsuccessful since the policy was not able to become effective enough and totally disappeared in the 1960s. It was no longer a fashionable movement and left a deep impression on public opinion after the long years of war. However, developments in genetics and its related fields have now enabled eugenic thoughts to reappear under the spotlight and this is creating new moral dilemmas from an ethical perspective.

  19. Positure in Plato's Laws: An Introduction to Figuration on Civic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Joshua M.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of the research was to determine the benefits of applying the new Figuration philosophy of dance, based in part on Plato, to civic education. Design/methodology: A close phenomenological reading of Plato's "The Laws," with a strategic focus on its account of the concept of posture. Findings: Plato considers posture to be…

  20. Plato's Cosmic Theology: A Rationale for a Polytheistic Astrology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henriques, André

    2015-05-01

    Plato's cosmology influenced classical astronomy and religion, but was in turn influenced by the polytheistic context of its time. Throughout his texts, including the cosmological treatise Timaeus, and the discussions on the soul in the Phaedrus, Plato (c.428-c.348 BC) established what can be generalised as Platonic cosmological thought. An understanding of the philosophical and mythical levels of Platonic thought can provide a rationale for polytheistic and astrological worldviews, pointing to some cosmological continuity, alongside major shifts, from ancient Greek religion to the astrological thought of ancient astronomers such as Claudius Ptolemy.

  1. ESA's CCD test bench for the PLATO mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaufort, Thierry; Duvet, Ludovic; Bloemmaert, Sander; Lemmel, Frederic; Prod'homme, Thibaut; Verhoeve, Peter; Smit, Hans; Butler, Bart; van der Luijt, Cornelis; Heijnen, Jerko; Visser, Ivo

    2016-08-01

    PLATO { PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars { is the third medium-class mission to be selected in the European Space Agency (ESA) Science and Robotic Exploration Cosmic Vision programme. Due for launch in 2025, the payload makes use of a large format (8 cm x 8 cm) Charge-Coupled Devices (CCDs), the e2v CCD270 operated at 4 MHz and at -70 C. To de-risk the PLATO CCD qualification programme initiated in 2014 and support the mission definition process, ESA's Payload Technology Validation section from the Future Missions Office has developed a dedicated test bench.

  2. A Data Bank Experience on the PLATO System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwab, Wallace; St-Denis, Richard

    1980-01-01

    Current theories on terminology and lexicography which underlie the logical components of the terminology bank set up on the PLATO system and established standards are briefly presented. The units that were essential to developing the bank are discussed. References are listed. (Author)

  3. Plato and Play: Taking Education Seriously in Ancient Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Angour, Armand

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author outlines Plato's notions of play in ancient Greek culture and shows how the philosopher's views on play can be best appreciated against the background of shifting meanings and evaluations of play in classical Greece. Play--in various forms such as word play, ritual, and music--proved central to the development of…

  4. Stonecutter Mills, Inc., Isothermal Community College. PLATO Evaluation Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, Greg

    Stonecutter Mills, Inc., is a textile manufacturing company with a major production facility in Spindale, North Carolina. In the past few years, Stonecutter Mills employees have been given an opportunity to spend up to 2 hours a week on company time to participate in PLATO-supported learning at Isothermal Community College. Employees could choose…

  5. Future development of the PLATO Observatory for Antarctic science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashley, Michael C. B.; Bonner, Colin S.; Everett, Jon R.; Lawrence, Jon S.; Luong-Van, Daniel; McDaid, Scott; McLaren, Campbell; Storey, John W. V.

    2010-07-01

    PLATO is a self-contained robotic observatory built into two 10-foot shipping containers. It has been successfully deployed at Dome A on the Antarctic plateau since January 2008, and has accumulated over 730 days of uptime at the time of writing. PLATO provides 0.5{1kW of continuous electrical power for a year from diesel engines running on Jet-A1, supplemented during the summertime with solar panels. One of the 10-foot shipping containers houses the power system and fuel, the other provides a warm environment for instruments. Two Iridium satellite modems allow 45 MB/day of data to be transferred across the internet. Future enhancements to PLATO, currently in development, include a more modular design, using lithium iron-phosphate batteries, higher power output, and a light-weight low-power version for eld deployment from a Twin Otter aircraft. Technologies used in PLATO include a CAN (Controller Area Network) bus, high-reliability PC/104 com- puters, ultracapacitors for starting the engines, and fault-tolerant redundant design.

  6. The CGE-PLATO Electronic Laboratory Station Structure and Operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neal, J. P.

    An electronic laboratory station was designed for student use in learning electronic instrumentation and measurement by means of the computer-guided experimentation (CGE) system. The station features rack-mounted electronic laboratory equipment on a laboratory table adjacent to a PLATO IV terminal. An integrated logic system behind the laboratory…

  7. Pursuing the Good, Ethics and Metaphysics in Plato s Republic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Douglas; Cairns; Fritz-Gregor; Herrmann; Terry; Penner

    2008-01-01

    ‘Pursuing the good’ is an old subject in both social history of ancient Greece and Greek philosophy studies. There is hardly anything new when we talk about virtue or morality in the time of Plato and Aristotle. In the area of Greek history, many books and articles on or relevant to that

  8. Eschatological narrative in Plato: between logos and myth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesc Casadesús Bordoy

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In his dialogues, Plato frequently resorted to alternate and intertwine his dialectic expositions with images and allegories, aiming to illustrate his arguments. This paper analyses in detail his use of the opposition between logos and myth tointroduce his descriptions of Hades

  9. Go Tell Alcibiades: Tragedy, Comedy, and Rhetoric in Plato's "Symposium"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crick, Nathan; Poulakos, John

    2008-01-01

    Plato's "Symposium" is a significant but neglected part of his elaborate and complex attitude toward rhetoric. Unlike the intellectual discussion of the "Gorgias" or the unscripted conversation of the "Phaedrus," the "Symposium" stages a feast celebrating and driven by the forces of "Eros." A luxuriously stylish performance rather than a rational…

  10. The Cost of PLATO in a University Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofstetter, Fred T.

    1983-01-01

    This analysis of the cost-effectiveness of the University of Delaware's own PLATO system discusses the initial expense of acquiring the system, decreases in unit cost as number of users increased, capital investment in hardware, expenditures and funding sources, comparisons of actual and projected costs, and benefits of individualized instruction.…

  11. Second Summative Report of the Delaware PLATO Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofstetter, Fred T.

    Begun on an experimental basis in March 1975, the ongoing PLATO project at the University of Delaware has become an established part of the University's academic program. This descriptive report is divided into three sections: (1) project history and development, including organization, utilization, instructor and author training, and projections…

  12. Dodecahedrane—The chemical transliteration of Plato's universe (A Review)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paquette, Leo A.

    1982-07-01

    The development of chemical interest in three of Plato's five convex polyhedra is described from an historical perspective. The successful synthesis of 1,16-dimethyldodecahedrane and its structural characteristics are outlined. Finally, an account of recent work leading to the still more aesthetically appealing and ultrasymmetric parent dodecahedrane is given.

  13. Arete and physics: The lesson of Plato's "Timaeus"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfe, John R.

    Plato's Timaeus is traditionally read as a work dedicated to the sole purpose of describing the origin and nature of the cosmos, as a straightforward attempt by Plato to produce a peri phuseos treatise. In accord with this reading, the body of Timaeus' monologue is then seen as nothing more than an attempt by Plato to convey his own cosmological doctrines. I propose an alternative to the view that the Timaeus is nothing more than a textbook of Platonic physics. The Timaeus is rather squarely focused on the human being, in her moral and political dimensions, and on her relation to the natural world as a whole. Ultimately, this account of the human being is intended to provide part of the answer to the question of how society can produce good citizens and leaders, and thus serves to provide a theoretical basis for the practices of paideia. When viewed in this light many of the curious features of the Timaeus appear less strange. The various parts of the dialogue: the dramatic introduction, Critias' tale of the Ancient Athenians, and Timaeus' monologue can be seen as each contributing to an investigation of a single topic. It further allows us to understand why Plato chooses to employ Timaeus the Locrian as the principle speaker of the dialogue rather than Socrates. Finally, when read in this way, the Timaeus no longer appears as an outlier in the Platonic corpus, as a work devoted to a radically different subject matter than the rest of his writings. It can be seen as dedicated to the same issues which preoccupied Plato throughout his entire life, as about the determination of the best life and providing the tools with which to realize it.

  14. Teaching Early Mathematics with PLATO[R] Software: An Overview of the New PLATO Elementary Mathematics Curricula and How To Use Them. Technical Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, Bill; Foshay, Rob; Morris, Barbara

    The "PLATO[R] Math Expeditions" and "PLATO[R] Projects for the Real World" curricula are designed to implement effective, research-based instructional practices. "Math Expeditions" is designed to give elementary grade users the mathematics skills and practice needed to solve real-life problems. Across the eight…

  15. THE JOURNEY OF TRUTH: FROM PLATO TO ZOLA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ribut Basuki

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Western theater theory and criticism is generally considered to be set forth by the Greeks. Plato was "the first theater critic" with his negative comments about theater owing to his idealistic views about "the truth." Then came Aristotle who used a different viewpoint from that of Plato, saying that there is "truth" in theater. However, hostile criticism on theater came back in the Middle Ages, championed by Tertulian before Aristotelian theory was revived by the neo-classicists such as Scaliger and Castelvetro. Theater theory and criticism discourse was then made more alive by the romanticists who disagreed with the neo-classicists' rigid rules on theater. As the influence of science became dominant in the theater world, naturalism and realism emerged and became the mainstream of theater theory and criticism until well into the twentieth century.

  16. The necessity of dialectics according to Plato and Adorno

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Anne-Marie Eggert

    2009-01-01

    The paper deals with the notion of philosophy as, on the one hand, an academic or scientific discipline and, on the other, something perhaps superior to the disciplines and in any case dealing with what is not a 'disciplinary' matter. Through an interpretation of Plato's concept of dialectics and...... and Adorno's understanding of philosophy as expression (Ausdruck) it is proposed that this two-fold nature of philosophy is what makes dialectics necessary....

  17. Optical and dark characterization of the PLATO CCD at ESA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verhoeve, Peter; Prod'homme, Thibaut; Oosterbroek, Tim; Duvet, Ludovic; Beaufort, Thierry; Blommaert, Sander; Butler, Bart; Heijnen, Jerko; Lemmel, Frederic; van der Luijt, Cornelis; Smit, Hans; Visser, Ivo

    2016-07-01

    PLATO - PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars - is the third medium-class mission (M3) to be selected in the European Space Agency (ESA) Science and Robotic Exploration Cosmic Vision programme. It is due for launch in 2025 with the main objective to find and study terrestrial planets in the habitable zone around solar-like stars. The payload consists of >20 cameras; with each camera comprising 4 Charge-Coupled Devices (CCDs), a large number of flight model devices procured by ESA shall ultimately be integrated on the spacecraft. The CCD270 - specially designed and manufactured by e2v for the PLATO mission - is a large format (8 cm x 8 cm) back-illuminated device operating at 4 MHz pixel rate and coming in two variants: full frame and frame transfer. In order to de-risk the PLATO CCD procurement and aid the mission definition process, ESA's Payload Technology Validation section is currently validating the PLATO CCD270. This validation consists in demonstrating that the device achieves its specified electrooptical performance in the relevant environment: operated at 4 MHz, at cold and before and after proton irradiation. As part of this validation, CCD270 devices have been characterized in the dark as well as optically with respect to performance parameters directly relevant for the photometric application of the CCDs. Dark tests comprise the measurement of gain sensitivity to bias voltages, charge injection tests, and measurement of hot and variable pixels after irradiation. In addition, the results of measurements of Quantum Efficiency for a range of angles of incidence, intra- pixel response (non-)uniformity, and response to spot illumination, before and after proton irradiation. In particular, the effect of radiation induced degradation of the charge transfer efficiency on the measured charge in a star-like spot has been studied as a function of signal level and of position on the pixel grid, Also, the effect of various levels of background light on the

  18. The Philosopher's Arete or theStructure of Plato's Parmenides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Gutierrez

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available The controversy conceming the unity of Plato's Parmenides and the meaning of its first part is stillongoing. The A. proposes a solution, pointing out its structural coincidence with the Republic's simile of the line. This leads him to confine young Socrates in the segment that corresponds to óuivoux and old Parmenides in the vór¡olc; segment. As the one who "possesses insight" of truth based on his apprehension of the One-Good. Parmenides is the actual representative of the philosopher's arete.

  19. Confucius Institute Programming in the United States: Language Ideology, Hegemony, and the Making of Chinese Culture in University Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stambach, Amy

    2015-01-01

    This article explores how Confucius Institute teachers and U.S. students use language to index qualities of Chinese people and culture. The study draws on the model of "linguistic fact" to argue that students' and teachers' contextualized use of language occurs in relation to their different yet naturalized assumptions about a commonly…

  20. Confucius Institute Programming in the United States: Language Ideology, Hegemony, and the Making of Chinese Culture in University Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stambach, Amy

    2015-01-01

    This article explores how Confucius Institute teachers and U.S. students use language to index qualities of Chinese people and culture. The study draws on the model of "linguistic fact" to argue that students' and teachers' contextualized use of language occurs in relation to their different yet naturalized assumptions about a commonly…

  1. Exploring an East~West Epistemological Convergence of Embodied Democracy in Education through Cultural Humanism in Confucius~Makiguchi~Dewey

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ming Fang

    2016-01-01

    This article explores an East~West epistemological convergence of embodied democracy in education through cultural humanism illuminated in five main themes in the works of John Dewey (1859-1952), Confucius (551-479 B.C.), and Tsunesaburo Makiguchi (1871-1944): "human-nature interconnection," "self-cultivation," "value…

  2. Exploring an East~West Epistemological Convergence of Embodied Democracy in Education through Cultural Humanism in Confucius~Makiguchi~Dewey

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ming Fang

    2016-01-01

    This article explores an East~West epistemological convergence of embodied democracy in education through cultural humanism illuminated in five main themes in the works of John Dewey (1859-1952), Confucius (551-479 B.C.), and Tsunesaburo Makiguchi (1871-1944): "human-nature interconnection," "self-cultivation," "value…

  3. Tibial plato leveling osteotomy / Osteotomia de nivelamento do plato da tíbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Maria Matera

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO is a relatively new and innovative surgical treatment for the cranial cruciate ligament rupture in the canine species. The real intent of the procedure is to provide functional stability to the stifle joint by eliminating or neutralizing the cranial tibial thrust during weight bearing instead to restore the cranial cruciate ligament function. The proposal of this study is to report a review of the TPLO procedure, emphasizing procedure, surgical technique, post operative care and complications. The TPLO procedure consists in a radial osteotomy in the tibial plato and rotation of the caudal plateau in order to obtain a desired angle. After the leveling of the tibial plateau, a bone plate and screws are used to stabilize the osteotomy until bone is healed up. The complications that have been associated with the procedure include tibial tuberosity fracture and patellar tendon tendinosis. This procedure has become increasingly more popular for surgical treatment of cranial cruciate ligament injuries in large breed dog. The long term clinical results have not been completely elucidated yet. It has been showed that this technique doesn’t halt the degenerative joint disease.A osteotomia do platô da tíbia (TPLO é um tratamento relativamente novo e inovador para a ruptura do ligamento cruzado cranial (RLCC na espécie canina. Ao invés de restaurar a função do ligamento, o procedimento promove estabilidade funcional para a articulação do joelho, por eliminar ou neutralizar a força tibial cranial durante a sustentação de peso. A proposta do presente estudo é revisar a técnica de TPLO, enfatizando o procedimento, técnica cirúrgica, cuidados pós-operatórios e complicações. A técnica da TPLO consiste na realização de uma osteotomia circular do platô da tíbia com rotação de sua porção caudal até a obtenção do ângulo desejado. Após o nivelamento do platô da tíbia, placa e parafusos

  4. Reversing Plato’s Anti-Democratism: Castoriadis’ “Quirky” Plato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamblet, Wendy C.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper considers the conflicting "loves" of Cornelius Castoriadis--his love for the ancients, and especially Plato, and for the common person of the demos. A detailed study of Castoriadis' analysis of Plato's Statesman exposes that Castoriadis attempts to resolve the paradox by rereading Plato as a radical democrat. I argue that this unorthodox reading is at best "quirky, " (a charge Castoriadis levels at Plato at worst a groundless sophism. However, I conjecture that Castoriadis' reading may not constitute a serious attempt to describe a Platonic politics, so much as a prescriptive reading of what otherwise might have been, given certain strands of political generosity evident elsewhere in Plato's corpus.

  5. Radiation, Thermal Gradient and Weight: a threefold dilemma for PLATO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magrin, Demetrio; Ragazzoni, Roberto; Bruno, Giordano; Piazza, Daniele; Borsa, Francesco; Ghigo, Mauro; Mogulsky, Valery; Bergomi, Maria; Biondi, Federico; Chinellato, Simonetta; Dima, Marco; Farinato, Jacopo; Greggio, Davide; Gullieuszik, Marco; Marafatto, Luca; Viotto, Valentina; Munari, Matteo; Pagano, Isabella; Sicilia, Daniela; Basso, Stefano; Spiga, Daniele; Bandy, Timothy; Brändli, Mathias; Benz, Willy; De Roche, Thierry; Rieder, Martin; Brandeker, Alexis; Klebor, Maximilian; Schweitzer, Mario; Wieser, Matthias; Erikson, Anders; Rauer, Heike

    2016-07-01

    The project PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO) is one of the selected medium class (M class) missions in the framework of the ESA Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 program. The mean scientific goal of PLATO is the discovery and study of extrasolar planetary systems by means of planetary transits detection. The opto mechanical subsystem of the payload is made of 32 normal telescope optical units (N-TOUs) and 2 fast telescope optical units (FTOUs). The optical configuration of each TOU is an all refractive design based on six properly optimized lenses. In the current baseline, in front of each TOU a Suprasil window is foreseen. The main purposes of the entrance window are to shield the following lenses from possible damaging high energy radiation and to mitigate the thermal gradient that the first optical element will experience during the launch from ground to space environment. In contrast, the presence of the window increases the overall mass by a non-negligible quantity. We describe here the radiation and thermal analysis and their impact on the quality and risks assessment, summarizing the trade-off process with pro and cons on having or dropping the entrance window in the optical train.

  6. Manufacturing and alignment tolerance analysis through Montecarlo approach for PLATO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magrin, Demetrio; Ragazzoni, Roberto; Bergomi, Maria; Biondi, Federico; Chinellato, Simonetta; Dima, Marco; Farinato, Jacopo; Greggio, Davide; Gullieuszik, Marco; Marafatto, Luca; Viotto, Valentina; Munari, Matteo; Pagano, Isabella; Sicilia, Daniela; Basso, Stefano; Borsa, Francesco; Ghigo, Mauro; Spiga, Daniele; Bandy, Timothy; Brändli, Mathias; Benz, Willy; Bruno, Giordano; De Roche, Thierry; Piazza, Daniele; Rieder, Martin; Brandeker, Alexis; Klebor, Maximilian; Mogulsky, Valery; Schweitzer, Mario; Wieser, Matthias; Erikson, Anders; Rauer, Heike

    2016-07-01

    The project PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO) is one of the selected medium class (M class) missions in the framework of the ESA Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 program. The main scientific goal of PLATO is the discovery and study of extrasolar planetary systems by means of planetary transits detection. According to the current baseline, the scientific payload consists of 34 all refractive telescopes having small aperture (120mm) and wide field of view (diameter greater than 37 degrees) observing over 0.5-1 micron wavelength band. The telescopes are mounted on a common optical bench and are divided in four families of eight telescopes with an overlapping line-of-sight in order to maximize the science return. Remaining two telescopes will be dedicated to support on-board star-tracking system and will be specialized on two different photometric bands for science purposes. The performance requirement, adopted as merit function during the analysis, is specified as 90% enclosed energy contained in a square having size 2 pixels over the whole field of view with a depth of focus of +/-20 micron. Given the complexity of the system, we have followed a Montecarlo analysis approach for manufacturing and alignment tolerances. We will describe here the tolerance method and the preliminary results, speculating on the assumed risks and expected performances.

  7. Li(礼) • Xiao(孝) • Ren(仁) • Le(楽) of Confucius : The body of the triple restraint

    OpenAIRE

    橋本, 敬司

    1998-01-01

    Confucius thought that the body was expanded by the learning, and physical expansion was controlled by the gratitude. This Confucius' body was restrained in the ways by the expansion and the repression. However, this body restrained double to live in the community was indispensable. A community member is protected while being regulated by a community. The community restrains a person in the ways, as well. A human being is the existence it seeks to be liberated from this double restraint and t...

  8. 孔子文化世界行%World Tours of Confucius Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴倩; 候贺良

    2012-01-01

    More than 2500 years ago,Confucius, a great Chinese thinker and educator, touredaround various states with a view to fulfilling and practicing his wishes. However, he was rejected wherever he went. 2500 years later, Confucius' thinking is not only brilliant in China, but also brings about an upsurge of learning Chinese in the western countries.%2500多年前,伟大的思想家、教育家孔子为了实践自己的理想而周游列国,其过程举步维艰、四处碰壁:2500年后,孔子的思想不仅在国内大放异彩,即使是在遥远的大洋彼岸也引领了汉学的热潮。

  9. Love as an Object of Initiation in Plato's Philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Euaggelia Maraggianou

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Initiation ( muvhsh was the first stage of the ancient mysteries celebrating Demeter, the earth-goddess, and her daughter Kore, soon identified with Persephone or Persephasa, a pre-Greek deity of the underworld. Next came the stage of contemplation ( ejpopteiva , at which worshippers were shown a vision of the goddess of Hades. This led them to identify themselves with her, thus reaching the highest form of happiness. The Eleusinian Mysteries were inseparably linked to the Orphic doctrine, which in its turn influenced the thought of Plato. Plato sees love as an object of initiation and as one of the greatest mysteries of human existence. Plato’s dialogues, Phaedrus and Symposium, contain expressions borrowed directly from the vocabulary of the Mysteries. Although neither Socrates in Phaedrus nor Diotima in Symposium make any explicit reference to the mystic ceremonies, it is certain that both allude to them in expounding the mysteries of spiritual life. The latter has to start at the stage of physical love in order to end up in the contemplation of Ideas. The mystery into which Socrates is initiated by Diotima is the following: there is a mystic stairway leading from the earth to the sky, from man to God. It is made visible by Love, and its steps are represented by different kinds of beauty. The ascent is a gradual one, with a long stop at each of the stages. In this way Love, disciplined by philosophy and spiritualised by increasing de-personalisation, ends up in the Intellectual, conceiving the latter with an intuitive insight. By this spiritual process, one is purified, led to the road of salvation and enabled to participate in the Divine.

  10. PLATO as it is : A legacy mission for Galactic archaeology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miglio, A.; Chiappini, C.; Mosser, B.; Davies, G. R.; Freeman, K.; Girardi, L.; Jofré, P.; Kawata, D.; Rendle, B. M.; Valentini, M.; Casagrande, L.; Chaplin, W. J.; Gilmore, G.; Hawkins, K.; Holl, B.; Appourchaux, T.; Belkacem, K.; Bossini, D.; Brogaard, K.; Goupil, M.-J.; Montalbán, J.; Noels, A.; Anders, F.; Rodrigues, T.; Piotto, G.; Pollacco, D.; Rauer, H.; Prieto, C. Allende; Avelino, P. P.; Babusiaux, C.; Barban, C.; Barbuy, B.; Basu, S.; Baudin, F.; Benomar, O.; Bienaymé, O.; Binney, J.; Bland-Hawthorn, J.; Bressan, A.; Cacciari, C.; Campante, T. L.; Cassisi, S.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.; Combes, F.; Creevey, O.; Cunha, M. S.; Jong, R. S.; Laverny, P.; Degl'Innocenti, S.; Deheuvels, S.; Depagne, É.; Ridder, J.; Matteo, P. Di; Mauro, M. P. Di; Dupret, M.-A.; Eggenberger, P.; Elsworth, Y.; Famaey, B.; Feltzing, S.; García, R. A.; Gerhard, O.; Gibson, B. K.; Gizon, L.; Haywood, M.; Handberg, R.; Heiter, U.; Hekker, S.; Huber, D.; Ibata, R.; Katz, D.; Kawaler, S. D.; Kjeldsen, H.; Kurtz, D. W.; Lagarde, N.; Lebreton, Y.; Lund, M. N.; Majewski, S. R.; Marigo, P.; Martig, M.; Mathur, S.; Minchev, I.; Morel, T.; Ortolani, S.; Pinsonneault, M. H.; Plez, B.; Moroni, P. G. Prada; Pricopi, D.; Recio-Blanco, A.; Reylé, C.; Robin, A.; Roxburgh, I. W.; Salaris, M.; Santiago, B. X.; Schiavon, R.; Serenelli, A.; Sharma, S.; Aguirre, V. Silva; Soubiran, C.; Steinmetz, M.; Stello, D.; Strassmeier, K. G.; Ventura, P.; Ventura, R.; Walton, N. A.; Worley, C. C.

    2017-07-01

    Deciphering the assembly history of the Milky Way is a formidable task, which becomes possible only if one can produce high-resolution chrono-chemo-kinematical maps of the Galaxy. Data from large-scale astrometric and spectroscopic surveys will soon provide us with a well-defined view of the current chemo-kinematical structure of the Milky Way, but will only enable a blurred view on the temporal sequence that led to the present-day Galaxy. As demonstrated by the (ongoing) exploitation of data from the pioneering photometric missions CoRoT, Kepler, and K2, asteroseismology provides the way forward: solar-like oscillating giants are excellent evolutionary clocks thanks to the availability of seismic constraints on their mass and to the tight age-initial-mass relation they adhere to. In this paper we identify five key outstanding questions relating to the formation and evolution of the Milky Way that will need precise and accurate ages for large samples of stars to be addressed, and we identify the requirements in terms of number of targets and the precision on the stellar properties that are needed to tackle such questions. By quantifying the asteroseismic yields expected from PLATO for red-giant stars, we demonstrate that these requirements are within the capabilities of the current instrument design, provided that observations are sufficiently long to identify the evolutionary state and allow robust and precise determination of acoustic-mode frequencies. This will allow us to harvest data of sufficient quality to reach a 10% precision in age. This is a fundamental pre-requisite to then reach the more ambitious goal of a similar level of accuracy, which will only be possible if we have to hand a careful appraisal of systematic uncertainties on age deriving from our limited understanding of stellar physics, a goal which conveniently falls within the main aims of PLATO's core science.

  11. Angiographic outcomes in the PLATO Trial (Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kunadian, Vijay; James, Stefan K; Wojdyla, Daniel M; Zorkun, Cafer; Wu, Jinhui; Storey, Robert F; Steg, Ph Gabriel; Katus, Hugo; Emanuelsson, Hakan; Horrow, Jay; Maya, Juan; Wallentin, Lars; Harrington, Robert A; Gibson, C Michael

    2013-01-01

    The PLATO (Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes) angiographic substudy sought to compare the efficacy of ticagrelor versus clopidogrel with respect to angiographic outcomes before and after PCI in the setting of acute coronary syndrome...

  12. The Legacies of Literacy: From Plato to Freire through Harvey Graff.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, James Paul

    1989-01-01

    Reviews "The Legacies of Literacy: Continuities and Contradictions in Western Culture and Society" (Harvey G. Graff). Discusses the historical role of literacy education as a tool for liberation, emphasizing the viewpoints of Plato and Freire. (FMW)

  13. Genesis 2–3 and Alcibiades's speech in Plato's Symposium : A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Genesis 2–3 and Alcibiades's speech in Plato's Symposium : A cultural critical reading. ... interpretation can arise from the analysis of Alcibiades's speech compared to M- and LXX-Genesis ... EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT

  14. Prospects for detecting decreasing exoplanet frequency with main sequence age using PLATO

    CERN Document Server

    Veras, Dimitri; Mustill, Alexander J; Pollacco, Don

    2015-01-01

    The space mission PLATO will usher in a new era of exoplanetary science by expanding our current inventory of transiting systems and constraining host star ages, which are currently highly uncertain. This capability might allow PLATO to detect changes in planetary system architecture with time, particularly because planetary scattering due to Lagrange instability may be triggered long after the system was formed. Here, we utilize previously published instability timescale prescriptions to determine PLATO's capability to detect a trend of decreasing planet frequency with age for systems with equal-mass planets. For two-planet systems, our results demonstrate that PLATO may detect a trend for planet masses which are at least as massive as super-Earths. For systems with three or more planets, we link their initial compactness to potentially detectable frequency trends in order to aid future investigations when these populations will be better characterized.

  15. Plato's Charmides as a Political Act: Apologetics and the Promotion of Ideology

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Danzig, Gabriel

    2013-01-01

      By showing that Critias and Socrates understood the same matters differently, Plato was able to treat seriously ideas that came to be associated with the Thirty and with Socrates while shielding himself from criticism...

  16. Platerm: la banque de terminologie du systeme Platon (PLATERM: The Terminology Bank of the PLATO System).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwab, Wallace; St-Denis, Richard

    1980-01-01

    Describes the elements and functioning of the terminology bank of the PLATO (Programmed Loqic for Automated Teaching Operation) system. Discusses contemporary terminology and lexicography notions on which the bank is based and outlines the tasks performed through PLATERM. (MES)

  17. Platerm: la banque de terminologie du systeme Platon (PLATERM: The Terminology Bank of the PLATO System).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwab, Wallace; St-Denis, Richard

    1980-01-01

    Describes the elements and functioning of the terminology bank of the PLATO (Programmed Loqic for Automated Teaching Operation) system. Discusses contemporary terminology and lexicography notions on which the bank is based and outlines the tasks performed through PLATERM. (MES)

  18. 论孔子的天-人秩序观%On Confucius' View of God-Man Order

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军

    2012-01-01

    孔子的天-人秩序观主要有三个方面:其一,尊天而法天;其二,知天命、畏天命而乐天命;其三,对鬼神敬而远之。孔子的天-人秩序观在当代具有重要的意义。%Confucius' view of second, to know and fear s length. Confucius' view of God-Man order is composed of three parts, first, to respect and learn from God; e destiny,then to be willing to accept Destiny; and third, to keep Spirits at arm~ God-Man order has great signifcance even today.

  19. Confucius Institute

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Karangwa

    research suggests a decline in learners' interests in foreign language learning, this ... and study of Chinese language learning among university and secondary ..... A person-in-context relationship view of emergent motivation, self and identity.

  20. 孔子之“学”思想探微%On Confucius Thought of "Learning"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵子贤

    2016-01-01

    “学”是孔子重要的原创性思想之一,孔子对“学”的内涵进行了重新厘定,首先通过《诗》对人之真情以感发,进而有礼的引导与匡正,才能使真情由朦胧走向自为,最终在乐中浑然天成。在“学”的过程中,主体需不断地付诸努力,使得对所学从“知”到“立”最终到“乐”。孔子之“学”的底蕴是对道的探寻,此过程中的所得,并能让所学者一生坚守的品质则为“仁”。通过“学”,“艺”、“仁”、“道”不再是外在于所学者的他物,而是以浑全的状态融入个体的生命之中,从而达到“学”之最高境界“游”的状态。%"Learning" is one of the most important original thought of Confucius. At the present time,it also has widespread influence. Confucius redefined the thought connotation of"learning". Through the"learning",tension that we produced when we are faced the fate transformed into promotion of realm. We should trigger sincere emotion by poem,and then etiquette recti-fied it. At last,it was formed in music culture. During the process of"learning",people need to make efforts so that level of"learning" can be improved. At the beginning,we just know what we are learning,and then the learning become something that we depend on. They have been a part of our life eventually. The fundament of "learning" is to seek "Tao". What we learned that can keep in lifetime is"Ren". Those noble characters are no longer live outside the life,so people reach the high-est level of "learning".

  1. The PLATO Dome A site-testing observatory: Power generation and control systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, J. S.; Ashley, M. C. B.; Hengst, S.; Luong-van, D. M.; Storey, J. W. V.; Yang, H.; Zhou, X.; Zhu, Z.

    2009-06-01

    The atmospheric conditions above Dome A, a currently unmanned location at the highest point on the Antarctic plateau, are uniquely suited to astronomy. For certain types of astronomy Dome A is likely to be the best location on the planet, and this has motivated the development of the Plateau Observatory (PLATO). PLATO was deployed to Dome A in early 2008. It houses a suite of purpose-built site-testing instruments designed to quantify the benefits of Dome A site for astronomy, and science instruments designed to take advantage of the observing conditions. The PLATO power generation and control system is designed to provide continuous power and heat, and a high-reliability command and communications platform for these instruments. PLATO has run and collected data throughout the winter 2008 season completely unattended. Here we present a detailed description of the power generation, power control, thermal management, instrument interface, and communications systems for PLATO, and an overview of the system performance for 2008.

  2. Gaia and WEAVE/WxES: Supporting the PLATO Exoplanet Hunter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walton, N. A.

    2016-10-01

    This paper briefly describes the powerful linkages between the Gaia and PLATO missions and the potential for WEAVE in the study of exoplanet populations, for instance through the proposed WxES survey. Gaia successfully launched in December 2013, and over the course of its nominal five year mission will discover, via their astrometric signatures, upwards of 20 000 massive Jupiter sized long period planets at distances out to several hundred parsecs around all star types. In addition Gaia will discover up to a thousand short period hot Jupiters around M stars. PLATO, to launch in 2024, will through precision photometry, observe in detail some million host stars, and will detect, via the transit technique, planets down to Earth masses. PLATO will observe two fields of over 2 000 square degrees for 2-3 years each. At least one of these will be in the northern hemisphere. WEAVE has the potential to provide detailed chemical characterization of the host stars of the Gaia and PLATO exoplanet systems. This will enable insights into, for instance, metallicity of the host star correlations against both massive exoplanets (perhaps confirming current relationships), and lower mass exoplanets. We note how the rapid exploitation of such a potential WEAVE survey could be achieved, utilizing the WEAVE processing systems being developed at the IoA, Cambridge, coupled with efficient interfaces to both Gaia and PLATO data products, that are also being generated at the IoA.

  3. Music Theory of Confucius%孔子的乐论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄子明

    2012-01-01

    根据词源学,“乐”形成于鼓发出的声音。鼓有振奋情绪的作用,音乐之“乐”由此引申为快乐之“乐”。孔子爱好音乐并对之有精深的研究,他将西周的礼乐传统与自己的仁学思想结合起来。他提出内在情感的协调和道德境界的修成最终有赖于乐教,将伦理道德引入审美的议题。%According to the Chinese etymology, "music" is formed from drum sound. Since drum can elevate mood, music can mean "happy". Confucius loves music and does deep research on it and he combines the traditional rites and music of the Western Zhou Dynasty with his benevolence thought. He puts forward that harmony of inner feelings and achievement of moral realm ultimately depend on music education, and he includes ethic in the aesthetic field.

  4. The role of the poet in Plato's ideal cities of Callipolis and Magnesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerard Naddaf

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Plato's attitude toward the poets and poetry has always been a flashpoint of debate, controversy and notoriety, but most scholars have failed to see their central role in the ideal cities of the Republic and the Laws, that is, Callipolis and Magnesia. In this paper, I argue that in neither dialogue does Plato "exile" the poets, but, instead, believes they must, like all citizens, exercise the expertise proper to their profession, allowing them the right to become full-fledged participants in the productive class. Moreover, attention to certain details reveals that Plato harnesses both positive and negative factors in poetry to bring his ideal cities closer to a practical realization. The status of the poet and his craft in this context has rarely to my knowledge been addressed.

  5. PLATO - the next-generation AASTINO for robotic site-testing on the Antarctic plateau

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hengst, S.; Lawrence, J.; Luong-van, D.; Everett, J.; Ashley, M. C. B.; Storey, J. W. V.; Hall, S.

    2006-08-01

    A new site-testing facility, PLATO (Plateau Observatory), is under development at UNSW for deployment to remote sites on the Antarctic Plateau including Dome A. The new facility will adopt many of the features of the AASTINO (Automated Astrophysical Site Testing InterNational Observatory) facility at Dome C. PLATO will autonomously control a flexible site testing and observing instrument suite, monitored via the Iridium satellite network. A challenging aspect of PLATO is to maximise the reliability of the power source while minimising fuel consumption. We are building a low pressure, low temperature environmental chamber to simulate operation at the highest altitudes (4,100 m at Dome A). Two types of engines will be tested: a single-cylinder diesel engine and a Stirling engine.

  6. Efficient methods for solving discrete topology design problems in the PLATO-N project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Canh, Nam Nguyen; Stolpe, Mathias

    This paper considers the general multiple load structural topology design problems in the framework of the PLATO-N project. The problems involve a large number of discrete design variables and were modeled as a non-convex mixed 0–1 program. For the class of problems considered, a global optimizat......This paper considers the general multiple load structural topology design problems in the framework of the PLATO-N project. The problems involve a large number of discrete design variables and were modeled as a non-convex mixed 0–1 program. For the class of problems considered, a global...

  7. The quest for a poetics of goodness in plato and aristotle

    OpenAIRE

    Dairo Orozco

    2012-01-01

    The paper, which compares Plato and Aristotle’s different approaches towards artistic activity, is divided into three parts. The first part discusses Plato’s Ion on mimesis and technē, as well as the role that poetry plays in the Republic. The second section offers an account of Aristotle’s idea of happiness as the end of action. Thelast section of this study deals with an attempt to reconcile Plato and Aristotle’s attitude towards mimetic art in a treatise by a Neoplatonic renaissance thinke...

  8. The PLATO End-to-End CCD Simulator -- Modelling space-based ultra-high precision CCD photometry for the assessment study of the PLATO Mission

    CERN Document Server

    Zima, W; De Ridder, J; Salmon, S; Catala, C; Kjeldsen, H; Aerts, C

    2010-01-01

    The PLATO satellite mission project is a next generation ESA Cosmic Vision satellite project dedicated to the detection of exo-planets and to asteroseismology of their host-stars using ultra-high precision photometry. The main goal of the PLATO mission is to provide a full statistical analysis of exo-planetary systems around stars that are bright and close enough for detailed follow-up studies. Many aspects concerning the design trade-off of a space-based instrument and its performance can best be tackled through realistic simulations of the expected observations. The complex interplay of various noise sources in the course of the observations made such simulations an indispensable part of the assessment study of the PLATO Payload Consortium. We created an end-to-end CCD simulation software-tool, dubbed PLATOSim, which simulates photometric time-series of CCD images by including realistic models of the CCD and its electronics, the telescope optics, the stellar field, the pointing uncertainty of the satellite ...

  9. Teenagers Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language in a European Confucius Institute: The Relationship between Language Learner Strategies and Successful Learning Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cáceres-Lorenzo, MTeresa

    2015-01-01

    The present research aims to identify the factors involved in the successful completion of the "Young Chinese Test" 2-A1 (YCT 2-A1) at Spanish Confucius Institute (Canary Islands). Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) entails several learning difficulties compared with other European languages. This study was conducted on 61 monolingual…

  10. Teenagers Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language in a European Confucius Institute: The Relationship between Language Learner Strategies and Successful Learning Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cáceres-Lorenzo, MTeresa

    2015-01-01

    The present research aims to identify the factors involved in the successful completion of the "Young Chinese Test" 2-A1 (YCT 2-A1) at Spanish Confucius Institute (Canary Islands). Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) entails several learning difficulties compared with other European languages. This study was conducted on 61 monolingual…

  11. 孔子人性观的当代思考%Contemporary Thinking of Confucius's Human Nature View

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜华有

    2016-01-01

    Confucius explained rich ideal human nature thought. Ideal human nature foundation :The unity of reason and desire; The Realization of ideal human nature: Benevolent and translate into action.The goal of ideal human nature:Unity of morality and happiness.In the contemporary society, Confucius's human nature view of human nature has brought us a lot of inspiration,but also needs the combination of contemporary social conditions,beyond the limitations of history,carry forward its correctness.%孔子阐发了丰富的人性应然性思想。人性应然性的基石:理欲统一;人性应然性的达成:内仁外化;人性应然性的目标:德福融合。孔子的人性观在当代社会富有启迪,同时也需要结合现实社会条件,超越其历史的局限,使之真理性发扬光大。

  12. ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes in the Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes (PLATO) trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Armstrong, Paul W; Siha, Hany; Fu, Yuling;

    2012-01-01

    Ticagrelor, when compared with clopidogrel, reduced the 12-month risk of vascular death/myocardial infarction and stroke in patients with ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes intended to undergo primary percutaneous coronary intervention in the PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes (PLATO) tr...

  13. Democratic Freedom and the Concept of Freedom in Plato and Aristotle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mogens Herman Hansen

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Among the several meanings of eleutheria used by Greeks in the classical period, democratic freedom is rejected by both Plato and Aristotle, who do not articulate a theory of political freedom but rather confine eleutheria to a social context.

  14. Freud, Plato and Irigaray: A Morpho-Logic of Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peers, Chris

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses two well-known texts that respectively describe learning and teaching, drawn from the work of Freud and Plato. These texts are considered in psychoanalytic terms using a methodology drawn from the philosophy of Luce Irigaray. In particular the article addresses Irigaray's approach to the analysis of speech and utterance as a…

  15. Dialectic of Eros and Myth of the Soul in Plato's Phaedrus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jens Kristian

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, I question a widespread reading of a passage in the last part of the Phaedrus dealing with the science of dialectic. According to this reading, the passage announces a new method peculiar to the later Plato aiming at defining natural kinds. I show that the Phaedrus itself does not ...

  16. Evaluation of a Three Year Health Sciences PLATO IV Computer-Based Education Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorlie, William E.; Essex, Diane L.

    Significant findings of the comprehensive evaluation of a computer-based curriculum in the basic medical sciences using the PLATO IV computer system are presented. The study was conducted by the Office of Curriculum and Evaluation (OCE) of the School of Basic Medical Sciences (SBMS) at the University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign (UC). It was…

  17. Cost of Initial Development of PLATO Instruction in Veterinary Medicine. CERL Report X-43.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimes, George M.

    An academic program instituting the PLATO system of computer-assisted instruction at the University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine is discussed. Procedures involved setting up an organization, establishing an administrative system, studying capabilities of the system, studying factors making a lesson suitable for programming, and…

  18. From Dialogos to Dialogue: The Use of the Term from Plato to the Second Century CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Jazdzewska

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In Plato the verb διαλέγεσθαι is far more common than the noun, and both denote question-and-answer discussions; it was only in the Hellenistic period that διάλογος became a genre term, though its other meanings survived.

  19. Two examples of the relation between the contemporary science and Plato

    CERN Document Server

    Antonello, Elio

    2016-01-01

    The philosopher Plato is remembered even today by scientists, and his writings are still inspiring the scientific research. In the present short note (intended essentially for public outreach) two examples are briefly illustrated: 1) the European space project that bears his name, dedicated to the discovery of exoplanets; 2) the discussion about platonism in contemporary physics.

  20. Grades 1-8, Apache Junction Unified School District 43, Apache Junction, Arizona. PLATO Evaluation Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, David W.; Quinn, Nancy W.

    Apache Junction Unified School District, Arizona, has embarked on a 5-year program of instructional improvement using technology. PLATO Elementary reading and mathematics products were installed in the district's elementary and middle schools at the beginning of the 1999-2000 school year. This evaluation studied the use and preliminary student…

  1. Can Prior Knowledge Hurt Text Comprehension? An Answer Borrowed from Plato, Aristotle, and Descartes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Lawrence B.

    Taking a philosophical approach based on what Plato, Aristotle, and Descartes said about knowledge, this paper addresses some of the murkiness in the conceptual space surrounding the issue of whether prior knowledge does or does not facilitate text comprehension. Specifically, the paper first develops a non-exhaustive typology of cases in which…

  2. Genesis 2–3 and Alcibiades's speech in Plato's Symposium: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-08-26

    Aug 26, 2015 ... Friedländer 1975:26f; Gauss 1958:111–117) is the last speech in Plato's ... leader (450–404/3 BCE), appears to be in a great state of intoxication .... command (Gn 2:18: 'You are free to eat of all the trees in the garden.

  3. Freud, Plato and Irigaray: A Morpho-Logic of Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peers, Chris

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses two well-known texts that respectively describe learning and teaching, drawn from the work of Freud and Plato. These texts are considered in psychoanalytic terms using a methodology drawn from the philosophy of Luce Irigaray. In particular the article addresses Irigaray's approach to the analysis of speech and utterance as a…

  4. From Plato to Erikson: How the War on "Bad Play" Has Impoverished Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnes, Mark C.

    2015-01-01

    For centuries, the titans of educational reform--Plato, Rousseau, Dewey, Piaget, Erikson, Csikszentmihalyi and others--have championed the educational benefits of play. Yet many professors and administrators are boggled by the idea of playing academic games in college. They instantly dismiss faculty initiatives like "Reacting to the…

  5. 《论语》中儒家价值观论析%Confucian Values in Analects of Confucius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于晴

    2016-01-01

    The Analects of Confucius as the classic works of the Confucian school, mainly includes values such as kindheartedness and righteousness, nature, mean and so on. The filial piety and fraternal duty is the concrete embodiment of “kindheartedness”, is the basis of the “kindheartedness”, the “righteousness”is to act in accordance with the relevant provisions; Advocating the human and the nature harmonious get along, the view of nature of “unity of heaven and man”;Pointing out “going too far is as bad as not going far enough”, advocating the doctrine of the mean;In Confucius ’ thoughts, regieren and education are closely linked, the moral education can improve the peopleˊs quality and restore the social harmo-nious order.%《论语》作为儒家学派的经典著作,主要包括仁义、自然、中庸、正人等价值观念。“仁”就是爱人,而孝悌是“仁”的具体体现,是“仁”的根本,“义”则是按照规定行事;主张人与自然和谐相处、“天人合一”的自然观;指出“过犹不及”,主张行人做事应该把握好度量的中庸观;在孔子思想中,为政和教育是紧密相连的,提出通过“正人”,即通过道德教化,提高人的素质的方法恢复社会的和谐和秩序。

  6. Plato, Wilde, and Woolf: the poetics of homoerotic "intercourse" in A Room of One's Own.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanita, Ruth

    2010-01-01

    This article places Woolf in the context of homoerotic literary ancestry. It suggests that the overall argument in A Room of One's Own owes a debt to Wilde's 1891 pamphlet The Soul of Man under Socialism. It also examines Woolf's controversial meditation on male-female collaboration and intercourse in A Room, and suggests a homoerotic reading of this meditation, drawing on images and ideas of literary transmission and creation from Plato's Symposium.

  7. The philosopher Socrates had exophthalmos (a term coined by Plato) and probably Graves' disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papapetrou, Peter D

    2015-01-01

    According to a previously published theory, Socrates was afflicted with temporal lobe epilepsy since his childhood. Plato, Xenophon, and Aristoxenus described Socrates as having exophthalmos, probably diplopia, and some symptoms compatible with hyperthyroidism. Using these data, we theorize that Socrates had Graves' disease. In order to determine a cause of his temporal lobe epilepsy, we speculate that the philosopher also had autoimmune thyroiditis and Hashimoto encephalopathy during his childhood and his epilepsy may have been a sequel to this hypothesized encephalopathy.

  8. The instrument control unit of the ESA-PLATO 2.0 mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Focardi, M.; Pezzuto, S.; Cosentino, R.; Giusi, G.; Pancrazzi, M.; Noce, V.; Ottensamer, R.; Steller, M.; Di Giorgio, A. M.; Pace, E.; Plasson, P.; Peter, G.; Pagano, I.

    2016-07-01

    PLATO 2.0 has been selected by ESA as the third medium-class Mission (M3) of the Cosmic Vision Program. Its Payload is conceived for the discovery of new transiting exoplanets on the disk of their parent stars and for the study of planetary system formation and evolution as well as to answer fundamental questions concerning the existence of other planetary systems like our own, including the presence of potentially habitable new worlds. The PLATO Payload design is based on the adoption of four sets of short focal length telescopes having a large field of view in order to exploit a large sky coverage and to reach, at the same time, the needed photometry accuracy and signalto- noise ratio (S/N) within a few tens of seconds of exposure time. The large amount of data produced by the telescope is collected and processed by means of the Payload's Data Processing System (DPS) composed by many processing electronics units. This paper gives an overview of the PLATO 2.0 DPS, mainly focusing on the architecture and processing capabilities of its Instrument Control Unit (ICU), the electronic subsystem acting as the main interface between the Payload (P/L) and the Spacecraft (S/C).

  9. On Teachers' Training in Current Confucius Institute%浅论当前孔子学院的教师培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘汉银

    2014-01-01

    With the strengthening of international exchanges, spread Chinese language and culture in the international com-munity more widely around the world have established a large number of the Confucius Institute, strengthening Chinese lan-guage teaching and Chinese culture promotion. Confucius Institute in the ranks of teachers for Chinese high-speed, effective international promotion has an important role in the international promotion of Chinese language is the key to maintaining a steady career development. In this paper, the teacher training issues in Confucius Institute were discussed.%随着我国国际交流的加强,中国语言文化在国际上的传播越来越广泛,世界各地相继建立了大量的孔子学院,加强了汉语教学和中华文化推广工作。孔子学院中的教师队伍建设对于汉语高速、有效的国际推广具有重要作用,是维持汉语国际推广事业稳步发展的关键。本文对孔子学院中的教师培养问题进行探讨。

  10. On Three Levels and End of Religious Ethics of Confucius%孔子宗教伦理思想的三种纬度及旨归探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐瑾

    2015-01-01

    孔子的宗教伦理思想主要分为三种纬度,首先是肯定鬼神(包括逝去的先祖)的存在,孔子明确肯定鬼神的存在而不是加以否定;其次是主张对鬼神敬而远之,强调了一种不迷信鬼神而相信自身努力的积极入世态度;最后认为天命高于一切,不知天命不足以为君子。其宗教伦理思想的旨归是化宗教为道德,不论对于鬼神还是天命,孔子都认为道德是其根本属性,去除宗教的迷信成分,主张以道德宗教的思想教化百姓。%There are three levels about religious ethics in the Analects of Confucius. Firstly, Confucius thinks that ghosts and gods do exist. Secondly, confucius thinks that people should keep ghosts and gods at a distance, work hardly, and believe themselves. Thirdly, Confucius think that destiny is the most important aspect and people should obey to it. Finally. Confucius advocates using moral religion to educate common people.

  11. Echoes in Plato's cave : ontology of sound objects in computer music and analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Marsden, Alan

    2014-01-01

    The sonic aspects of Plato's analogy of the cave is taken as a starting point for thought experiments to investigate the objective nature of sound, and the idea of quasi-Platonic forms in music. Sounds are found to be objects in a way that sights or appearances are not, and it is only in the presence of technology that they become artificial. When recognition, control and communication about sound come into play, abstract concepts emerge, but there is no reason to give these the priority stat...

  12. Ontological Questions in Schelling’s Late Philosophy: Plato and Aristotle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Courtine

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the article is to understand the reasons and procedures employed by F. W. Schelling in his Plato and Aristotle re-appropriation, and to extract the authentically ontological thematic of it. It makes a path through the Schelling’s late writings and letters, to construct a complete view about the relation between this appropriation and the possibility of the constitution of a positive philosophy, as a particular science, in opposition to a negative philosophy, understood as metaphysics.

  13. Numbers Rule The Vexing Mathematics of Democracy, from Plato to the Present

    CERN Document Server

    Szpiro, George G

    2010-01-01

    Since the very birth of democracy in ancient Greece, the simple act of voting has given rise to mathematical paradoxes that have puzzled some of the greatest philosophers, statesmen, and mathematicians. Numbers Rule traces the epic quest by these thinkers to create a more perfect democracy and adapt to the ever-changing demands that each new generation places on our democratic institutions. In a sweeping narrative that combines history, biography, and mathematics, George Szpiro details the fascinating lives and big ideas of great minds such as Plato, Pliny the Younger, Ramon Llull, Pierre Simo

  14. Remarks on the sage ideology of Confucius and Mencius%略论孔孟的圣人观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李迪

    2013-01-01

    Being a saint is the supremacy of ideal personality that confucianist advocated in history. The image of saint represents for the highest wisdom, ethics and political ideal, which caused significant impact on the birth and development of China’s ethos. It is important that studying on sage ideology of Confucius and Mencius contributes to the understanding of the true value of the confucianism philosophical ideas, and inspire the remodeling of modern personality.%  圣人是儒家最高的理想人格。孔孟心目中的圣人形象代表着最高的智慧、道德标准和政治理想,对中华民族文化精神的生成和发展产生过重大而深远的影响。研究孔孟的圣人观,对理解孔孟的哲学思想,认识儒家学说的深刻内蕴有着重要的意义,同时对当代人的人格塑造也有着重要的启发价值。

  15. Philosophy and Mathematics in the Teaching of Plato: the Development of Idea and Modernity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikhailova N. V.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that the largest philosophers differently explain the origin of mathematics. This question was investigated in antiquity, a substantial and decisive role in this respect was played by the Platonic doctrine. Therefore, discussing this issue the problem of interaction of philosophy and mathematics in the teachings of Plato should be taken into consideration. Many mathematicians believe that abstract mathematical objects belong in a certain sense to the world of ideas and that consistency of objects and theories really describes mathematical reality, as Plato quite clearly expressed his views on math, according to which mathematical concepts objectively exist as distinct entities between the world of ideas and the world of material things. In the context of foundations of mathematics, so called “Gödel’s Platonism” is of particular interest. It is shown in the article how Platonic objectification of mathematical concepts contributes to the development of modern mathematics by revealing philosophical understanding of the nature of abstraction. To substantiate his point of view, the author draws the works of contemporary experts in the field of philosophy of mathematics.

  16. The PLATO Simulator: Modelling of High-Precision High-Cadence Space-Based Imaging

    CERN Document Server

    Marcos-Arenal, P; De Ridder, J; Aerts, C; Huygen, R; Samadi, R; Green, J; Piotto, G; Salmon, S; Catala, C; Rauer, H

    2014-01-01

    Many aspects of the design trade-off of a space-based instrument and its performance can best be tackled through simulations of the expected observations. The complex interplay of various noise sources in the course of the observations make such simulations an indispensable part of the assessment and design study of any space-based mission. We present a formalism to model and simulate photometric time series of CCD images by including models of the CCD and its electronics, the telescope optics, the stellar field, the jitter movements of the spacecraft, and all important natural noise sources. This formalism has been implemented in a versatile end-to-end simulation software tool, called PLATO Simulator, specifically designed for the PLATO space mission to be operated from L2, but easily adaptable to similar types of missions. We provide a detailed description of several noise sources and discuss their properties, in connection with the optical design, the allowable level of jitter, the quantum efficiency of th...

  17. A Brief Study on Shakespeare's and Confucius's Insight into "Knowledge"%简谈莎士比亚与孔子对"学问"的见解

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹祎

    2010-01-01

    @@ As long as people mention Chinese culture,they would inevitably think of Confucius,who has a crucial influence on China in terms of politics,education,literature and etiquette.Meanwhile,the great English Renaissance playwright,the European Renaissance humanist literature Master,Shakespeare may first come into people's mind when English literature is mentioned.There's no denying hat both,in a great degree,stand for tIle essence of the literature and culture of their own conntries.

  18. Dialectic and Dialogue in Plato: Refuting the Model of Socrates-as-Teacher in the Pursuit of Authentic "Paideia"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magrini, James Michael

    2014-01-01

    Incorporating Gadamer and other thinkers from the continental tradition, this essay is a close and detailed hermeneutic, phenomenological, and ontological study of the dialectic practice of Plato's Socrates--it radicalizes and refutes the Socrates-as-teacher model that educators from scholar academic ideology embrace.

  19. Three Aspects of PLATO Use at Chanute AFB: CBE Production Techniques, Computer-Aided Management, Formative Development of CBE Lessons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klecka, Joseph A.

    This report describes various aspects of lesson production and use of the PLATO system at Chanute Air Force Base. The first chapter considers four major factors influencing lesson production: (1) implementation of the "lean approach," (2) the Instructional Systems Development (ISD) role in lesson production, (3) the transfer of…

  20. A Plan for the Evaluation of a Project to Develop Basic Medical Sciences Lessons on PLATO IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Les A.; And Others

    A project to introduce PLATO IV computer-assisted instruction (CAI) in medical sciences education for health professionals was implemented at the School of Basic Medical Sciences at the University of Illinois. This paper describes the plan for evaluation of the project. Using a student questionnaire and additional general questions, the…

  1. An Evaluation of the Teaching Effectiveness of PLATO in a First Level Biology Course. CERL Report X-32.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsenty, Richard P.; Kieffer, George H.

    This paper describes a study of the teaching effectiveness of computer-assisted instruction using the PLATO system at the University of Illinois in a first level biology course. College enrollment, class rank, final grade, and time study data of the control and experimental groups were obtained from master rosters. A questionnaire administered to…

  2. The Education of the Third Class in "The Republic": Plato and the "Locus Classicus" of Formative Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintz, Avi I.

    2016-01-01

    Background/Context: In one of the classics of educational philosophy, a key issue is remains unsettled. In Plato's "Republic," Socrates makes a case for the importance of a comprehensive education. Socrates is unclear, however, about whether the producer class is eligible for this comprehensive education. Purpose/Objective: Previous…

  3. Dialectic and Dialogue in Plato: Refuting the Model of Socrates-as-Teacher in the Pursuit of Authentic "Paideia"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magrini, James Michael

    2014-01-01

    Incorporating Gadamer and other thinkers from the continental tradition, this essay is a close and detailed hermeneutic, phenomenological, and ontological study of the dialectic practice of Plato's Socrates--it radicalizes and refutes the Socrates-as-teacher model that educators from scholar academic ideology embrace.

  4. On the position of the Seventy Disciples of Confucius in the prose history of the pre-Qin period%从出土文献看七十子后学在先秦散文史上的地位

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈桐生

    2007-01-01

    In this paper,such works as Lunyu 论语 (The Analects of Confucius),documents found in the Guodian bamboo strips and the Shanghai Museumbamboo strips are studied as "prose by the Seventy Disciples of Confucius".Inaddition,the "Seventy Disciples" are divided into the "Early Generation" and the"Late Generation",and according to their different writing styles they are alsodivided into "the Transmitters" and "the Creators." The "prose by the SeventyDisciples of Confucius" is the link connecting the official historians' narrativeprose with the pre-Qin philosophers' argumentative prose.

  5. 孔子与亚里士多德的朋友观之比较%Confucius and Aristotle on friendship: A comparative study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何元国

    2007-01-01

    Before and during the times Of Confucius and Aristotle,the concept of friendship had very difierent implications.This Paper compares Confucius'friendship.Aristotle holds that there are three kinds of friends and corresponding to them are three types of friendship.In the friendship for the sake of pleasure,there is no xin;in the legal form of friendship for the sake of utility,xin is guaranteed by law;and in the moral fotm of friendship for the sake of utility,xin is guaranteed by morality:in the friendship for the sake of virtue,xin is an indispensable part.Both thinkers believe friends can bring joy to human life.Aristotle,it is the joy of Reason.There are many commonalities and differences between the two.The commonalities reveal some inner links between Confucian rendao and Aristotelian Reason.It seems that the difierences between rendao and Reason are the differences between moral reason and logical reason.The comparative study is helpful for us to understand the two masters' ethics,politics and philosophy.

  6. The Theory of Argumentation within Language and its relation to Plato, Saussure and Benveniste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Dall'Cortivo-Lebler

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Theory of Argumentation within Language, developed by Oswald Ducrot, Jean-Claude Anscombre and Marion Carel, has experienced along its development different phases and forms, constantly seeking to align to what its main developer, Oswald Ducrot, called external hypotheses and internal hypotheses. This paper discusses the presence of Linguistic Theories and Philosophy in Ducrot’s work regarding concepts of Plato, Ferdinand de Saussure and Émile Benveniste, which constitute its external assumptions. The presence of these concepts culminated in the creation of different concepts that comprise the Linguistic Semantics, and gave it a specific point of view about language that emphasizes the internal relationships among language components and understands that speech is the result of a linguistic activity where an “I” speaks to a “you”.

  7. Efficient methods for solving discrete topology design problems in the PLATO-N project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Canh, Nam Nguyen; Stolpe, Mathias

    This paper considers the general multiple load structural topology design problems in the framework of the PLATO-N project. The problems involve a large number of discrete design variables and were modeled as a non-convex mixed 0–1 program. For the class of problems considered, a global...... optimization method based on the branch-and-cut concept was developed and implemented. In the method a large number of continuous relaxations were solved. We also present an algorithm for generating cuts to strengthen the quality of the relaxations. Several heuristics were also investigated to obtain efficient...... algorithms. The branch and cut method is used to solve benchmark examples which can be used to validate other methods and heuristics....

  8. Alternative communication network designs for an operational Plato 4 CAI system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobley, R. E., Jr.; Eastwood, L. F., Jr.

    1975-01-01

    The cost of alternative communications networks for the dissemination of PLATO IV computer-aided instruction (CAI) was studied. Four communication techniques are compared: leased telephone lines, satellite communication, UHF TV, and low-power microwave radio. For each network design, costs per student contact hour are computed. These costs are derived as functions of student population density, a parameter which can be calculated from census data for one potential market for CAI, the public primary and secondary schools. Calculating costs in this way allows one to determine which of the four communications alternatives can serve this market least expensively for any given area in the U.S. The analysis indicates that radio distribution techniques are cost optimum over a wide range of conditions.

  9. Banishing the Poet: The Pedagogical Function of Mythology in the Dialogues of Plato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Martínez

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This text attempts to develop a sound justification for Plato’s pedagogical use of myth in the dialogues. In particular, I seek to resolve a seeming contradiction: why Plato personally made use of myths in spite of his many statements that seem to contradict such a pedagogical approach, especially his edict that poets and myth-makers be banished from his republic for the danger their works pose to the attainment of true philosophical wisdom. An analysis of the centrality of myths to the dialogues is carried out, followed by a discussion of the place of muthos in its Ionian historical context. This establishes the basis for resolving the contradiction through the division of muthos into two distinct modes: the fantastic and the eikastic.

  10. Arete and Gender-Differentiation in Socrates/Plato and Aristotle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Robinson

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available The article grapples with the question whether Plato believed that, in the matter of arete, the female psyche had a built-in inclination to immorality in a way that the male psyche did not, and was therefore assuch signiticantly different from the male psyche. It is argued that the evidence of the Timaeus ( and, to some lesser degree, of the Laws suggests very strongly that he did, though fortunately the political consequence she drew from this (in the Laws tum out to be positive rather than negative. Aristotle, by contrast,it is argued, while still holding to the lamentable theory of the inferiority of woman, talks of ditl'eringquanta of (one and the same arete in male and female souls, rather than a difference in their very arete.

  11. Platón y el silogismo Plato and the syllogism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Correia Machuca

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available La cuestión de si Platón pudo ser el autor de una primera noción de deducción silogística (un método que Aristóteles hizo conocido a través de una definición y un progreso teórico en los Analíticos Primeros fue discutida en la antigüedad y, desde entonces, debatida por varios comentaristas. En este artículo, comento dos pasajes de la literatura post-aristotélica, uno atestiguado por Boecio (que se remonta a Alejandro de Afrodisia y el otro presente en Juan Filópono, en su comentario a los Analíticos Primeros. El artículo intenta mostrar que estos pasajes contienen información suficiente para favorecer a Platón como conocedor de la técnica deductiva silogística, aunque no para conferirle el desarrollo de la metodología silogística.The question of whether Plato could be the author of a first concept of syllogistic deduction (a method that Aristotle made known by means of a definition and a theoretical improvement in his Prior Analytics was known in the antiquity and from that time, the question has usually examined by several commentators. In this article, I comment on two passages of post-Aristotelian tradition; one is given by Boethius (which stems from Alexander of Aphrodisias and the other was given by Johannes Philoponus in his commentary on Prior Analytics. The article intends to show that these passages contain information that is sufficient to come to an opinion favoring Plato, although it does not imply that they are sufficient to confer him the syllogistic method.

  12. 孔子“临流兴怀”之现象学考察%Analyzing Confucius of “Sighs Facing Rivers”by Phenomenal Methodology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李智福

    2016-01-01

    Water is the source of life and it is indispensable to life,river、lake and sea are large water bodies.Confucius as both sage and wise man loves rivers(seas)very much.“The man of wisdom delights in water”for river can further refine the sentiment and purify the soul.When Confucius says “I agree with Zeng Dian”just because Zeng have understood the poetry of life by Yi river in late spring.Also,he says “Running water looks like the lost time”for his finding time in running water;“If phoenix doesn't come,He Tu would not Appear”:Confucius as a man of culture sustenance was in a deep sense of despair and disillusionment;The magnificence of the Yellow River blocked his way:This is a fate river.“By beam floating in the sea”:The sea wanted to embrace him but he smiled and turned it down.“Sighs facing rivers”was one way of Confucius that he could fully be himself and express himself,thus we could see him as a man of emotion.Confucius was a both every-man and saint.%水是生命之源,有水乃有生命,江川湖海是水之大者。作为圣人兼智者的孔子,对水情有独钟。智者乐水,他在静水流深中看见智慧;吾与点也,他在暮春沂水中发现诗意;逝者如斯,盈科后进,他在逝水中发现时间;凤鸟不至,河不出图,以文化为寄托的生命在黄河边万念俱寂,他发现这是死亡之水;美哉水洋洋乎,吾不济之命也夫,此命运所不容己者,此是命运之水;乘桴浮于海,大海是向他允诺的敞开之域,然而,他只是一笑了之。“临流兴怀”是孔子涌现自我真实生命的方式之一,一个至情至性的孔子在江川湖海中现身,他即凡而圣,即圣而凡。

  13. Simulation results for PLATO: a prototype hybrid X-ray photon counting detector with a low energy threshold for fusion plasma diagnostics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habib, A.; Menouni, M.; Pangaud, P.; Fenzi, C.; Colledani, G.; Moureau, G.; Escarguel, A.; Morel, C.

    2017-01-01

    PLATO is a prototype hybrid X-ray photon counting detector that has been designed to meet the specifications for plasma diagnostics for the WEST tokamak platform (Tungsten (W) Environment in Steady-state Tokamak) in southern France, with potential perspectives for ITER. PLATO represents a customized solution that fulfills high sensitivity, low dispersion and high photon counting rate. The PLATO prototype matrix is composed of 16 × 18 pixels with a 70 μm pixel pitch. New techniques have been used in analog sensitive blocks to minimize noise coupling through supply rails and substrate, and to suppress threshold dispersion across the matrix. The PLATO ASIC is designed in CMOS 0.13 μm technology and was submitted for a fabrication run in June 2016. The chip is designed to be bump-bonded to a silicon sensor. This paper presents pixel architecture as well as simulation results while highlighting novel solutions.

  14. Impact of a multifaceted program to prevent postoperative delirium in the elderly: the CONFUCIUS stepped wedge protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonnefoy Marc

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Postoperative delirium is common in the elderly and is associated with a significant increase in mortality, complications, length of hospital stay and admission in long care facility. Although several interventions have proved their effectiveness to prevent it, the Cochrane advises an assessment of multifaceted intervention using rigorous methodology based on randomized study design. Our purpose is to present the methodology and expected results of the CONFUCIUS trial, which aims to measure the impact of a multifaceted program on the prevention of postoperative delirium in elderly. Method/Design Study design is a stepped wedge cluster randomized trial within 3 surgical wards of three French university hospitals. All patients aged 75 and older, and admitted for scheduled surgery will be included. The multifaceted program will be conducted by mobile geriatric team, including geriatric preoperative consultation, training of the surgical staff and implementation of the Hospital Elder Life Program, and morbidity and mortality conference related to delirium cases. The primary outcome is based on postoperative delirium rate within 7 days after surgery. This program is planned to be implemented along four successive time periods within all the surgical wards. Each one will be affected successively to the control arm and to the intervention arm of the trial and the order of program introduction within each surgical ward will be randomly assigned. Based on a 20% reduction of postoperative delirium rate (ICC = 0.25, α = 0.05, β = 0.1, three hundred sixty patients will be included i.e. thirty patients per service and per time period. Endpoints comparison between intervention and control arms of the trial will be performed by considering the cluster and time effects. Discussion Better prevention of delirium is expected from the multifaceted program, including a decrease of postoperative delirium, and its consequences (mortality

  15. Retrospecting Translation Testimony of Religious "Tian" Voiced by Confucius%孔子所述宗教之"天"译据溯源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭晓娟

    2016-01-01

    The translation versions of The Analects emerged increasingly ,and controversies are also not a few ,one of w hich in translation study is those expressions related to religious thoughts .Referring to religious"Tian"voiced by Confucius ,it is endless to reach consensus in various views for deficiency of comprehensive systematic discussion ."Tian" ,inevitable mentioned as key word of the religious ideology in Li system throughout The Analects actually ,whose translation inclines to simplistic if in-terpreting out of context and original sense .Penetrating into the source of Chinese text and tracing back to the ideology in Shang and Zhou Dynasty praised highly by Confucius ,"Tian" had pointed to the contained substance of super-existence worship ideology for a long history ,offering available testi-mony for reference in translation of traditional ancient books .To explain the essence of"Tian"and re-trieve the original meaning of crucial religious thoughts of Confucius is caused by loyal translation atti-tude .%《论语》翻译争议之一是与宗教思想相关用语的翻译问题.夫子所述宗教之"天"即缺乏系统论述.此"天"为贯穿《论语》核心礼制思想中宗教思想的关键词 ,若断章取义或脱离本义 ,译"天"倾向就会简而化之.深入汉文本源头 ,追溯孔子所推崇的商周思想 ,"天"所指向的至上神崇拜观念 ,由来已久 ,确为典籍文本翻译可供参考的理据.阐释"天"之精要 ,还原孔子核心宗教思想本义 ,实为忠实的翻译态度.

  16. Comparison between the Utilitarian thought of Confucius and Mo-tse%孔子与墨子的功利思想比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许宁宁

    2014-01-01

    春秋战国,周文不兴、礼坏乐崩,“道术将为天下裂”。诸子百家相继而出,皆欲开出治平天下的“良方”,司马谈言“儒、墨、道、法、阴阳、名,皆务为治”。虽有“治国”之“同归”,然多囿于一家之见,又“多得一察焉以自好”,故思想“殊途”,天下“百虑”论说不休,争鸣不已。在此天下无道,以力称雄,交相言利的乱世,功利问题自是各家争论的焦点所在。本文分别以孔子、墨子为例,着重对儒家、墨家的功利思想做了一番简要比较,就是希望能够以小见大,管窥先秦诸子百家争鸣的概貌。%During spring-autumn war time, with the collapse of feudalism and declining of system of rites and music, it is said that the academic path of things will be much more sharpened. All kinds of philosophers came out and tried to ifnd out the right way to govern the society. Sima Tan said that Confucius, mo-tse, Taoism, legalism, yin and yang, ming are all about the governance. Although these academic thoughts come into the same way ultimately, they are much alike and take pride by a little more new idea. The differences of these academic thoughts result in the disputes in the world. In such chaos society without real academic thought, utilitarian thought is in the center of dispute. By the example of Confucius and Mo-tse, the paper makes comparison between utilitarian thought of Confucius and Mo-tse, trying to giving a glimpse of pre-qin philosophers.

  17. The Artistic Consciousness of Confucius, Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu%孔子与老庄的艺术意识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘道广

    2012-01-01

    Confucius, Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu are philosophers influencing Chinese history for thousands of years. They all stressed "Tao" , though with quite different connotations, their elaborations nevertheless were all sublimed into the spiritual realm and thus "Tao" has deviated from its literal meaning and fallen into the category of arts.%孔子和老庄是影响中国千年历史的思想家,他们都强调“道”,但双方的“道”有不同内容,尽管如此,对“道”的阐述都引入到精神境界的高度,从而脱离了“道”本义的框架,归纳到艺术的范畴了。

  18. From Pericles to Plato – from democratic political praxis to totalitarian political philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Øjvind Larsen

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Plato is normally taken as one of the founders of Western political philosophy, not at least with his Republic. Here, he constructs a hierarchy of forms of governments, beginning with aristocracy at the top as a critical standard for the other forms of governments, and proceeding through timocracy and oligarchy to democracy and tyranny at the bottom. Following Karl Popper, the paper argues that Plato’s is a totalitarian philosophy that emphasizes the similarities between democracy and tyranny, which it considers to be the two worst forms of government. Plato’s denigration of democracy has dominated the tradition of political philosophy until recent times. This paper, however, shows that political philosophy in fact originates in democracy, especially as developed by the sophists and that philosophy is only a form of sophism with a similar origin in ancient Greek democracy. A discussion of Pericles’ funeral oration is used to show that Pericles presented a democratic political philosophy that can serve as a counterpoint to Plato’s political philosophy in the Republic.

  19. Plato's Concept of Justice%论柏拉图的正义观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘欣如

    2015-01-01

    本文以柏拉图的作品《申辩》、《斐多》、《理想国》为切入点,论述了正义是在应在的位置上做应做之事、正义的本质是灵魂的一种属性以及正义的产生,并通过作品提供的背景和对话讨论了正义之人和不义之人的区别、正义的种类、正义行为的动机、正义的各种不同状态等问题.%In this paper, the works of Plato,"defense","Phaedo","Utopia"as the starting point, discusses the justice should be done is to do things in a position to be in, the nature of justice is an attribute of the soul, and justice generation, background and dialogue and through providing discussed works of justice and the unrighteous man of distinction, just the kind of moti-vation act of justice, justice of various states and other issues.

  20. Status,Problems and Future Trends of Development of Confucius Institute in Peru%秘鲁孔子学院发展现状、问题及展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾敏

    2012-01-01

    Confucius Institute has become an important platform that people from other country understands China and learns Chinese.Through a brief introduction of status-quo analysis of Confucius institutes in Peru,based on the analysis of existing problems during its development,this paper puts forward some suggestions for its future development and prospects its development foreground.%孔子学院已经成为世界人民学习汉语、了解中国的重要平台。本文通过简要介绍秘鲁孔子学院的发展现状,在分析其发展中存在的问题的基础上,对其未来发展提出建议,并展望了孔子学院的发展前景。

  1. Lost in follow-up rates in TRACER, ATLAS ACS 2, TRITON and TRA 2P trials: challenging PLATO mortality rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiNicolantonio, James J; Can, Mehmet Mustafa; Serebruany, Victor L

    2013-04-15

    Extreme rates of vascular and all-cause mortality especially in the clopidogrel arm of the Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes (PLATO) non-USA cohort raise concerns of data integrity, and call for independent verification of vital records in the national death registries. Four recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS) trials: Thrombin Receptor Antagonist for Clinical Event Reduction in Acute Coronary Syndrome (TRACER), Anti-Xa therapy to lower cardiovascular events in addition to standard therapy in subjects with acute coronary syndrome (ATLAS-ACS 2), Trial to Assess Improvement in Therapeutic Outcomes by Optimizing Platelet Inhibition with Prasugrel (TRITON), and the Thrombin Receptor Antagonist in Secondary Prevention of Atherothrombotic Ischemic Events (TRA 2P), provide a valuable opportunity to match lost in follow-up (LIFU) with mortality rates among similar ACS studies. To compare the LIFU from PLATO, TRACER, ATLAS-ACS 2, TRITON-TIMI 38 and TRA 2P trials. The disturbingly high (8.9%-14.7%) LIFU in PLATO was no match to LIFU in TRACER (0.1%), ATLAS ACS 2 (0.3%), TRITON (0.1%) and TRA 2P (0.1%). In fact, such an astronomical (49-147 fold higher) PLATO LIFU rate should result in less mortality compared to the other ACS trials since no event can be reported or adjudicated if the patient has been lost. Adjusting LIFU rate revealed that vascular (5.55%) and all cause (6.05%) mortality in PLATO was even more disparate than in TRACER (3.2% and 4.9%), ATLAS-ACS 2 (4.1% and 4.5%), TRITON-TIMI 38 (2.4% and 3.2%) and TRA 2P (3.0% and 5.3%) control arms, respectfully. Moreover, the incomplete CV follow-up in the ATLAS ACS 2 trial was later revealed to be around 12%, which lead to the rejection of rivaroxaban for the treatment of ACS. PLATO's LIFU rate was just as high, if not higher, than seen in ATLAS ACS 2. The chance to die in PLATO far exceeds the mortality risks observed in the clopidogrel arms of four recent ACS trials, which becomes especially evident after

  2. 《论语》中的孔子形象:执着的追梦者%A Persistent Dream Chaser --An Analysis of Confucius Image in His "Analects"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于永凤; 任淑红; 李棘; 王状

    2012-01-01

    As one of the major representative personages of the Chinese traditional culture, Confucius reveals his distinctive character in his book Analects: he was born in a turbulent time, but cared deeply about the world; he aspired after learning and succeeded; he taught generously without bias, but methodically; and he was on his journey, but with natural heart and soul. The words and actions of Confucius have showed us universal values, which emphasize the value of life, self-cultivation of temperament and improvement of personality. Confucius persistently sought after the possibility of achieving his ideality. In one word, as a thinker, a politician and an educationalist, Confucius, with his wisdom and moral character, has showed the world the richness of the Chinese culture two thousand years ago and made significant contributions to this world.%孔子是中国传统文化的主要代表人物。《论语》中孔子的形象彰显孔子本色:生于乱世,心怀天下;有志于学,为学有成;有教无类,为师有方;人在旅途,率然有情。孔子其言其行中的普世价值因素侧重于人生价值、人性修养和人格提升。孔子执着于寻求理想实现的可能性,向世界贡献了一个思想家、政治家和教育家的品格与智慧,展示了2000多年前中华文明的丰富内涵。

  3. 孔子学院发展模式探析--对四所孔子学院的比较研究%A Comparative Study on the Development Models of Confucius Institute:Four Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张东辉; 谷婷婷

    2015-01-01

    以《孔子学院发展规划(2012-2020年)》为指南,以韦伯的“理想类型”为理论依据,提出了全球孔子学院在不同文化背景和需求下的四种发展模式,即汉语教学型、特色文化传播型、汉语教学与职业技能型、培养汉学家型。通过对四所处于不同国家、办学模式迥异的孔子学院的案例分析,深入细致地比较了四种发展模式的异同,认为只有科学定位和特色发展,孔子学院在未来才能可持续发展。%On the basis of the policy document of the Confucius Institute Development Plan (2012-2020), this paper puts forward four ideal models of Confucius Institute throughout the world: the Chinese language teaching model, the cultural communication model, the Chinese language teaching and vocational training model, and the sinologist training model. The paper then selects one Confucius Institute to represent each model and compares the characteristics of the four models. The paper concludes that Confucius Institutes cannot achieve sustainable development unless they tailor themselves to the local demands and cultural milieu in the target countries and institutions.

  4. 《论语·为政》的政治智慧及其现代意义%On Political Wisdom and Modern Significance of Regienren in The Analects of Confucius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘大正; 莫茜

    2015-01-01

    In the Regieren of The Analects of Confucius, Confucius put"politics" as the theme, express-ing the basic of politics, the relationship between politics and moral, and the quality of rulers, and ex-plained the externalization value deeper than the Learn of The Analects of Confucius. Its political philoso-phy theory is so important and can be the basic of “rule”, “morality” and “political indoctrination”. Nowadays, reading the twenty-four concise parts of Regieren again, we can still derive the wisdom about politics and human development from Confucius, and essence of these theories is also available to our modern political development and harmonious society.%在《论语·为政》篇中,孔子以“为政”为主题,论述了为政之根本、执政与道德的关系以及为政者的内在素养等问题,深化了《学而》中“学”的外用价值。《为政》篇涵盖的政治哲学价值千百年来经久不衰,成为后世“治国”“修身”与“政治教化”的重要依据。现代背景下重读《为政》篇,孔子内蕴丰富的文字依然可以为今天的为政与做人提供思想启迪;重新挖掘其中的思想精华,对于推动我国政治文明的发展和现代化建设具有重要的现实意义。

  5. The Present Situation and Strategy of the Confucius Institute ’s Cultural Communication in Russia%俄罗斯孔子学院文化传播现状与策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜国琴

    2015-01-01

    孔子学院是中国对外传播汉语的非营利机构,它的根本宗旨是对外传播中国文化,以教授语言为切入点。中国和俄罗斯人文合作不断增加,在一定程度上利于孔子学院在俄罗斯的发展,另一方面,乌克兰危机本身引起了俄罗斯对自身安全的考虑,俄罗斯一直对中国的文化渗透有戒备心理等因素给孔子学院的发展造成障碍。孔子学院的发展道路是曲折的,但前途是光明的。本文拟以跨文化传播为视角,分析孔子学院在俄罗斯传播文化的现状和策略。%Confucius Institute is a non-profit organization for spreading Chinese culture, which takes teaching language as the point cut. On one hand the closer culture and humanities cooperation between China and Russia, the more benefit to the develop-ment of Confucius Institute; on the other hand, influenced by Ukrainian crisis, considering of its own security Russia keeps vigi-lance over Chinese cultural infiltration, which impedes the development of Confucius Institute. In a word, while the roads have twists and turns, the prospects are bright. Regarding intercultural communication as the perspective, the article will discuss the status quo and strategy that Confucius Institute brings Chinese culture to Russia.

  6. Study of the Influence of "Confucius and Yanhui's Cheerfulness"on Su Shi%“孔颜乐处”对谪居黄州的苏轼的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒲兵

    2015-01-01

    孔子对颜回身处陋巷,箪食瓢饮而不失其乐的称赞到北宋时被周敦颐等人称为“孔颜乐处”,它主要的意蕴是不耽于贫困而自守其志,追求一种精神及道德上的完善和超越。苏轼一生屡遭贬谪,但孔颜乐处将其从精神的困境中解脱出来发挥了很大的作用,并对其文学创作也产生了一定影响。%The Confucius praised Yanhui have the optimistic attitude to life when he was in alley and lived in poverty .It was called "Confucius and Yanhui's Cheerfulness" by Zhou -Dunyi in Northern Song Dynasty .Its main implication is to be positive in poverty and pursuing one's ambition .In this sense ,people are committed to search the perfection of spiritual and moral .Su Shi was banished repeatedly from political center of Song Dynasty in his whole life .However ,the'Confucius and Yanhui's Cheerfulness'rescued him from spiritual dilemma and had an impact on his literature .

  7. The Post-Modernism Expression of Confucius Ideology in Advertisement Innovation%儒家思想在广告创意中的后现代主义表现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡薇

    2011-01-01

    分析了儒家思想与后现代主义思想的内涵实质,并结合当前广告发展趋势论述述了两者在现代广告创意中融合的可行性和必要性,进而分析了将后现代主义表现手法融于儒家思想在现代广告创意中的巨大价值。在此基础上,提出了儒家思想的3种后现代主义表现形式:儒家仁爱思想的后现代主义表现、儒家慈孝思想的后现代主义表现以及儒家诚信思想的后现代主义表现。%It analyzed the essence of the Confucius ideology and post-modernism ideology.At the same time,it discussed the possibility and necessity of integration in modern advertisement innovation combined with the developing trend of modern advertising industry.Furthermore,it analyzed the great value of post-modernism integrated into the Confucius ideology.It then brought up three postmodernism manifestation of Confucius ideology: the ideology of love and charity,the ideology of filial piety,the ideology of honesty and credibility.

  8. Significance of Confucius Education Thoughts in Moral Education of Contemporary Youth%孔子教育思想对当代青少年德育的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晨

    2012-01-01

    伟大的思想家、教育家孔子开启了平民教育的先河,其教育思想尤其是德育,具有极高的理论和实践价值。面对当今社会青少年犯罪案件频发的现象,必须重新审视德育现状,努力汲取孔子德育思想的精华,切实加强和改进青少年思想道德建设。%Abstract: Great thinker and educator Confucius opened the grassroots education precedent. Confucius education thoughts especially for moral education has very high values both on theory and practice. Facing to repeated teenage crime cases in contemporary society, we must examine the current situation of moral education again, derive the essence of Confucius moral education thoughts, strengthen and improve the ideological and moral construction of the youth.

  9. Confucius Comes Back

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mooney, Paul

    2007-01-01

    For more than 2,500 years, Confucian thought held sway in China, advocating a state guided by highly ethical scholar-bureaucrats and a society ruled by morality and a strong emphasis on hierarchical relationships. But by the end of the 19th century, the Chinese state, powerless to fight off foreign encroachment and growing public dissatisfaction,…

  10. Dosimetric evaluation of PLATO and Oncentra treatment planning systems for High Dose Rate (HDR) brachytherapy gynecological treatments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Hardev; Herman, Tania De La Fuente; Showalter, Barry; Thompson, Spencer J.; Syzek, Elizabeth J.; Herman, Terence; Ahmad, Salahuddin

    2012-10-01

    This study compares the dosimetric differences in HDR brachytherapy treatment plans calculated with Nucletron's PLATO and Oncentra MasterPlan treatment planning systems (TPS). Ten patients (1 T1b, 1 T2a, 6 T2b, 2 T4) having cervical carcinoma, median age of 43.5 years (range, 34-79 years) treated with tandem & ring applicator in our institution were selected retrospectively for this study. For both Plato and Oncentra TPS, the same orthogonal films anterior-posterior (AP) and lateral were used to manually draw the prescription and anatomical points using definitions from the Manchester system and recommendations from the ICRU report 38. Data input for PLATO was done using a digitizer and Epson Expression 10000XL scanner was used for Oncentra where the points were selected on the images in the screen. The prescription doses for these patients were 30 Gy to points right A (RA) and left A (LA) delivered in 5 fractions with Ir-192 HDR source. Two arrangements: one dwell position and two dwell positions on the tandem were used for dose calculation. The doses to the patient points right B (RB) and left B (LB), and to the organs at risk (OAR), bladder and rectum for each patient were calculated. The mean dose and the mean percentage difference in dose calculated by the two treatment planning systems were compared. Paired t-tests were used for statistical analysis. No significant differences in mean RB, LB, bladder and rectum doses were found with p-values > 0.14. The mean percent difference of doses in RB, LB, bladder and rectum are found to be less than 2.2%, 1.8%, 1.3% and 2.2%, respectively. Dose calculations based on the two different treatment planning systems were found to be consistent and the treatment plans can be made with either system in our department without any concern.

  11. Dosimetric evaluation of PLATO and Oncentra treatment planning systems for High Dose Rate (HDR) brachytherapy gynecological treatments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, Hardev; De La Fuente Herman, Tania; Showalter, Barry; Thompson, Spencer J.; Syzek, Elizabeth J.; Herman, Terence; Ahmad, Salahuddin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Peggy and Charles Stephenson Oklahoma Cancer Center, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 (United States)

    2012-10-23

    This study compares the dosimetric differences in HDR brachytherapy treatment plans calculated with Nucletron's PLATO and Oncentra MasterPlan treatment planning systems (TPS). Ten patients (1 T1b, 1 T2a, 6 T2b, 2 T4) having cervical carcinoma, median age of 43.5 years (range, 34-79 years) treated with tandem and ring applicator in our institution were selected retrospectively for this study. For both Plato and Oncentra TPS, the same orthogonal films anterior-posterior (AP) and lateral were used to manually draw the prescription and anatomical points using definitions from the Manchester system and recommendations from the ICRU report 38. Data input for PLATO was done using a digitizer and Epson Expression 10000XL scanner was used for Oncentra where the points were selected on the images in the screen. The prescription doses for these patients were 30 Gy to points right A (RA) and left A (LA) delivered in 5 fractions with Ir-192 HDR source. Two arrangements: one dwell position and two dwell positions on the tandem were used for dose calculation. The doses to the patient points right B (RB) and left B (LB), and to the organs at risk (OAR), bladder and rectum for each patient were calculated. The mean dose and the mean percentage difference in dose calculated by the two treatment planning systems were compared. Paired t-tests were used for statistical analysis. No significant differences in mean RB, LB, bladder and rectum doses were found with p-values > 0.14. The mean percent difference of doses in RB, LB, bladder and rectum are found to be less than 2.2%, 1.8%, 1.3% and 2.2%, respectively. Dose calculations based on the two different treatment planning systems were found to be consistent and the treatment plans can be made with either system in our department without any concern.

  12. Ancient philosophical ideas of the soul (Plato-Aristotelian tradition and Stoicism as a source of Patristic Thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaitsev Cornelius

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the ancient idea of the soul that in the patristic era has been enriched by the perception of the methodology of ancient philosophy. Greek and Roman thinkers considered some properties of the soul, its immortality, revealed its “levels and strata” (Plato, Aristotle, expressed first guesses about the nature of sinful passions (the Stoics. But some aspects still remained unresolved so far. This is the issue of materiality or immateriality, of the soul, which "raised" in the Russian Empire in the 19th century (the dispute saints Theophan the Recluse and Ignatius Brianchaninov and remains relevant today.

  13. Toward a Poeticognosis: Re-reading Plato's The Republic via Wallace Stevens' "An Ordinary Evening in New Haven"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Disney

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is a language-based re-reading of Plato's exile of the poets via Wallace Stevens' poem-manifesto, "An Ordinary Evening in New Haven." I examine how philosophy and poetry use language differently in order to deconstruct an origin of the speech-acts -- wonder -- that I then identify as a phenomenological difference between philosophers and poets. I contend that the thinking-into-language of philosophers is based in theoria, comprehension, and a resulting closure of wonder. I contrast this with the processes of poets, who I show to be moving thought into language via gnosis, apprehension, and a phenomenology opening onto inexhaustible wonder.

  14. Love and/in psychoanalysis: a commentary on Lacan's reading of Plato's Symposium in Seminar VIII: Transference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Bruce

    2015-02-01

    What is love and what part does it play in psychoanalysis? Where are the analyst and the analysand situated in relation to the roles defined as those of the "lover" and the "beloved"? Jacques Lacan explores these and other questions in his soon-to-be-published Seminar VIII: Transference by providing an extensive commentary on Plato's most famous dialogue on love, the Symposium. This paper outlines some of the major points about love that grow out of Lacan's reading of the dialogue and examines their relevance to the analytic setting. Can the analyst be characterized as a sort of modern-day Socrates?

  15. “依于仁,志于道”:孔子礼乐思想的一种阐释%“Devotion to Benevolence and Taoism”:An Interpretation of Confucius Rite -music Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵俊芳

    2015-01-01

    “礼乐”作为孔子美学思想的重要组成部分,是孔子基于春秋末期礼崩乐坏的时代环境提出来的。它承袭了周代的礼乐传统,但又被孔子赋予“依于仁,志于道”这一新的内涵。礼别异,乐合同,礼乐关乎人的性情,是孔子用以感化人心,践行仁德,维护社会稳定的有效手段。通读《论语》,我们可以发现,孔子以仁为基础的礼乐思想,所要达到的最高境界是超脱个人的审美生活之境,走向群体的审美生活之境。因此,孔子礼乐思想具有实践美学的意义。%“Rite-music”,as an important part of Confucius aesthetic thought ,was put forward in the bad environment of the destruc-tion of rite-music system at the end of the Spring and Autumn period ,and it inherited the traditional Rite-music in the Zhou dynasty but was endowed with new connotation“devotion to benevolence and taoism”by Confucius .Rite can distinguish differences ,and music can unify emotion .Rite-music ,whicn relates to people’s temperament ,is an effective means of Confucius’ to influence people’s e-motion ,to fulfill benevolence and virtue ,so as to maintain social stability .Through reading the Analects of Confucius ,we can under-stand that Confucius rite-music based on benevolence aims at achieving the highest state :surpassing individual aesthetic life to share the mass aesthetic life .Therefore ,Confucius rite-music thought has the significance of practical aesthetics .

  16. ¿Solamente platos? Cerámicas de barniz rojo en el depósito ibérico del Zacatín (Granada)

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Moreno, Amparo; Niveau de Villedary y Mariñas, Ana María; Adroher Auroux, Andrés María

    2015-01-01

    Se presenta un conjunto homogéneo de platos de barniz rojo indígena con un perfil muy particular y sin paralelos conocidos por el momento. Dicho conjunto formaba parte del depósito ritual hallado en la granadina calle del Zacatín, una fosa junto al río Darro que se rellenó con los resultantes de un festín sagrado posiblemente en relación con el propio río. En este trabajo planteamos que estos platos fueron fabricados ex profeso para el ritual que tuvo lugar fuera de las murallas de Iliberri e...

  17. Comments on"YaZheng"and Confucius Shangyayizheng Reason%浅析“雅郑”含义及孔子尚雅抑郑的原因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢研

    2014-01-01

    雅郑之分,始于先秦,在人们以往的认知里,在将“雅乐”和“郑声”分别理解为民间音乐和宫廷音乐的基础上将孔子倡雅乐、恶郑声的原因简单地解释为:孔子出于统治阶级的利益要求而恢复礼制,贬斥民间音乐。实则不然。经史料分析,“雅乐”与“郑声”的关系实质上是具有祭祀性质的传统音乐与娱乐性质、无历史依据的“新声”之别。孔子寄希望于以“仁”为“雅乐”重塑社会规范;又期以“雅乐”本身所具有的祭祀乐舞的历史性与神圣性对“仁”加以确证,是其做出尚雅抑郑的选择的根本原因。%The difference between YA and ZHENG start from the dynasty QIN. In the people past awareness, at the basis of regarding. YAYUE and ZHENGSHENG as the symbols of folk music and court music, they made the explanation that own to the benefits of the ruling class Confucius required the recovery of ritual and denigrated folk music. Actually not, according to the analysis of historical data, the relationship between YAYUE and ZHENGSHENG is actually laying in the difference between the sacrificial nature of traditional music and the entertainment, no historical basis of XINSHENG. The real reasons for Confucius to choose YAYUE were that he hopes Benevolence as YAYUE that could reshape social norms and also hope its nature of historicalness and sanctity for sacrificial dance could make the Benevolence be confirmed.

  18. The micro-fascism of Plato's good citizen: producing (dis)order through the construction of risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Byrne, Patrick; Holmes, Dave

    2007-04-01

    The human body has come to be seen as forever susceptible to both external and internal hazards, which in many circumstances require immediate, heroic, and expensive intervention. In response to this, there has been a shift from a treatment-based healthcare model to one of prevention wherein nurses play an integral role by identifying and assessing risks for individuals, communities, and populations. This paper uses Deborah Lupton's outline of the spectrum of risk and applies the theoretical works of Foucault and Plato to demonstrate the means by which nurses maintain social order by identifying and counselling risk takers. It also utilizes the work of Deleuze and Guattari to illustrate how Plato's framework for creating social order through the creation of the good citizen can be viewed as a micro-fascist system, which has been adopted wholeheartedly by preventative health professionals. The goal of this paper is to present an alternate understanding of risk to provide nurses and other healthcare professionals with a non-traditional appreciation of certain aspects of their practice as researchers and clinicians.

  19. Negação e diferença em Platão Negation and diference in Plato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Christina de Souza

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Platão, ao tratar da negação no diálogo Sofista, afirma que sempre que enunciamos o que não é, não enunciamos algo contrário ao que é, mas algo diferente. A negação significa cada parte da natureza da diferença em antítese ao que é. Tal tratamento da negação resulta da necessidade de resolver alguns problemas colocados pelo eleatismo. Propõe-se indicar esses problemas e examinar o tratamento que Platão dá ao não-ser como diferença.Plato, in dealing with negation in the dialogue Sophist, says that when we say what is not, we speak not of something that is the opposite of being, but of something different. Negation means each part of the nature of the difference in antithesis to what is. This treatment of negation results from the need to solve some problems posed by eleatism. It is proposed to indicate these problems and examine the treatment that Plato gives to non-being as difference.

  20. Comparative Study of Meanings and Status of Imagination in Mathnavi and Plato’s Ideas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    sh alyari

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Describing and explaining the nature of imagination and its function with regard to human being and ontology has always been one of the preoccupations of philosophers and thinkers. Plato is the first philosopher who considered an epistemological status for imagination and, by dividing the world into the world of reason and world of senses, he ascribed the knowledge of imagination to the world of senses. In different parts of Mathnavi, Molavi, the great Muslim-Iranian mystic, has paid much attention to imagination, its types, its status in the Knowledge of Man (both physical and metaphysical affairs and its various influences on the body, soul and mental states of any individual. Thus, the present article aims to compare the concept of imagination in the view of the two thinkers. For reaching such aim, while using a descriptive-comparative method, first, the definitions of imagination in Mathnavi and Plato’s ideas are investigated and, then, the similarities and differences of the two views are shown. The conclusion is that their ideas are similar with regard to unreality and shadowiness of the world and phenomena, the relation between imitation and imagination, deficiency and restrictions of imagination for understanding the reality, whereas their ideas are different regarding the power of imagination, its epistemological status and the meaning and influence of it.

  1. Systematic Contradiction Between Heritage Conservation and Tourism Development: Cleaning the Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Degang; Sun Wanzhen

    2007-01-01

    In recent years, with the rapid development of the tourist industry, world heritage sites become more and more popular among tourists from home and abroad. Therefore, heritage tourism has become a new hotspot. However, while world heritage sites are making obvious economic benefit from tourism,they also bring various problems and contradictions, of which the most troublesome one is the contradiction between heritage conservation and tourism development. To discuss and analyze the root and the essence of the above contradiction and find a way to bring about harmony between them is an important program faced by our national heritage management practice and academic research. Based on the case of cleaning the Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu, this paper analyzes the reasons why our national world cultural heritage sites bring about the above contradiction in the process of tourism development and points out that the improper system and stakeholders' benefit imbroglio are respectively the root and the essence of the contraction. Then, it also puts forward corresponding solutions.

  2. 中西文化背景下的“关系”研究%Feature of Hybridity in Gu Hongming' s Version of The Analects of Confucius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈勇; 胡步芬

    2011-01-01

    With the notion of hybridity of post-colonial theories as the theoretic perspective, a systemauc analysis is carried out on Gu Hongming' s version of The Analects of Confucius. It is argued that Gu Hongming' s version entails the clear feature of hybridity which indicates his endeavor to resist western hegemony of culture in special context of history and his intention to promote the equal dialogue between Chinese and western cultures.%中西方学者对关系的研究,从关系的定义、对关系的认知、研究的意义等方面充分体现了双方社会与文化的差异。这种差异背后是强大的中国传统社会与文化的持续影响力。正确引导和利用好关系是构建和谐社会必不可少的一部分。

  3. A Comparative Study Of Confucius'and Socrates'Teacher Images%孔子与苏格拉底教师形象的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔羽娇

    2014-01-01

    As the forefathers of eastern and western education , Confucius and Socrates represented different teachers images , which have led to the significant differences in the teacher images between the East and the West in later geneerations . This paper makes a comparison of the two emiment educaitors'teacher images from three respacts , namely , their appearances , values and persuits . It aims to search for the common values amongst the conflicts and contradictions in oriental and western culture , and to reflect on its implication for the reconstruction of modern teacher image .%作为东西方教育的源头,孔子和苏格拉底所呈现的教师形象带来了后世东西方教师形象的差异,从师表形象、师道形象和师职形象三方面解构比较二者在教师形象上的异同,在中西方文化的矛盾和冲突中寻找价值认同,思考其对教师形象现代重塑的启示。

  4. What Confucius practiced is good for your mind: Examining the effect of a contemplative practice in Confucian tradition on executive functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teng, Shan-Chuan; Lien, Yunn-Wen

    2016-05-01

    The short-term training effects on various executive functions (EFs) by a movement-based contemplative practice (MBCP) are examined. Three aspects of EFs (working memory capacity, inhibition, switching) are assessed before and after a month-long 12-h training period using Body-Mind Axial Awareness (BMAA) principles that Confucius followers have practiced for more than 2000years. A mindfulness-based practice (Chan-meditation) and a waiting-list control group served as contrast groups. Our results showed that the BMAA group performed better on the task that measured working memory capacity than did the Chan-meditation and the waiting-list groups after training. In addition, the Chan-meditation groups outperformed the control group on attentional switching, a novel finding for this kind of practice. Our findings not only show a new effect of short-term MBCPs on EFs, but also indicate movement-based and mindfulness-based contemplative practices might benefit development of various aspects of EFs in different ways.

  5. 浅析《论语》中“仁”的俄文翻译%Russian Translation of Benevolence in the Analects of Confucius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿海天; 邹立辉

    2015-01-01

    The concept of benevolence is seen as the core of Confucianism , and a significant position and rich connotation Are offered in the Analects of Confucius .The core of benevolence is love people ,which is thaken as the highest moral ideals .Teh Chi-nese word benevolence can be translated in different ways in Russian .To convey the Confucian philosophy in a full and faithful way , the paper proposed that the word benevolence is translated through the transliteration instead of the literal translation .%“仁”是儒家思想的核心,《论语》中赋予了“仁”以显著的地位和丰富的内涵。“仁”的核心是爱人,包括孝、悌、忠、恕、礼等内容,是一种最高道德理想的总和。“仁”在俄文里的理解和翻译多种多样。通过总结和分析不同翻译方法的利弊得失,笔者认为,为了全面而忠实地传达出儒家的哲学思想,“仁”字最好是不直译,而直接用音译。

  6. The Case against the Arts from Plato to Tolstoy and Its Implications for Why and How the Arts Should Be Taught in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tate, Nicholas

    2016-01-01

    From Plato onwards many of the great Western thinkers have explored the nature of the arts, their contribution to society and their role in education. This has often involved a discussion of the potentially negative impact of the arts. The recurring message has been that the arts can warp judgment, elevate emotion at the expense of reason,…

  7. Why Did Socrates Deny That He Was a Teacher? Locating Socrates among the New Educators and the Traditional Education in Plato's "Apology of Socrates"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintz, Avi I.

    2014-01-01

    Plato's "Apology of Socrates" contains a spirited account of Socrates' relationship with the city of Athens and its citizens. As Socrates stands on trial for corrupting the youth, surprisingly, he does not defend the substance and the methods of his teaching. Instead, he simply denies that he is a teacher. Many scholars have…

  8. Cardiovascular events in acute coronary syndrome patients with peripheral arterial disease treated with ticagrelor compared to clopidogrel: Data from the PLATO trials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Patel, Manesh R.; Becker, Richard C.; Wojdyla, Daniel M.;

    Abstract 14299: Cardiovascular Events in Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients With Peripheral Arterial Disease Treated With Ticagrelor Compared to Clopidogrel: Data From the PLATO Trial Manesh R Patel1; Richard C Becker1; Daniel M Wojdyla2; Håkan Emanuelsson3; William Hiatt4; Jay Horrow5; Steen Husted6...

  9. Comparison and enlightenment of ideas of personal loyalty and benefit between Confucius and Mencius%孔子与孟子义利观的比较及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽双

    2012-01-01

    义利之辩不仅是要讨论义和利的关系,更重要的是应怎样对待"利",在什么前提下取"利",这方面孔孟一致主张见利思义,以利佐义。在这样的价值取向基础上,孟子在继承孔子的义利观后,有所发展,主张尚义贱利,以"义"排他,及将"义"和"利"对立起来等思想。因此,分析孔孟的异同点是为了更加深入地理解和学习儒家义利观的精华,同时,孔孟义利观的真知灼见也对个人和社会树立正确的义利观带来了诸多有益的启示。%The argument between personal loyalty and benefit not only discusses the relationship of personal loyalty and benefit,but more discusses how to treat "benefit" and in what situation we should get benefit. In this situation, Confucius and Mencius put forward that we should remember personal loyalty when we get benefit and use benefit to encourage personal loyalty. Based on this value, Mencius introduced the idea of "attach importance to personal loyalty and belittle benefit"," eliminate anything based on personal loyalty", and "put an opposite relationship into personal loyalty and benefit" after Confucius. So this paper analyzes the same and different point between Confucius and Men- cius to study the essence of Confucian benefit idea, meanwhile, puts forward lots of meaningful enlightenment of build- ing correct personal loyalty based on it.

  10. 歌德学院文化活动开展模式对孔子学院发展的启示%The Inspiration of Cultural Activity Implementation in Goethe-Institut to the Development of Confucius Institute

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李白琨

    2015-01-01

    Through researching the successful practice of cultural spread in Goethe-Institut, an internationally renowned cultural spread institute, this paper summarizes its experience, aiming to provide inspirations for the development of Confucius Institute.%本文通过对世界著名文化传播机构歌德学院文化传播成功实践的研究,总结其经验,为孔子学院的发展提供借鉴思路。

  11. Study of News Reports Concerning Confucius Institute from the Perspective of Critical Discourse Analysis%批评话语分析视角下关于孔子学院新闻报道的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵明玉

    2015-01-01

    以批评话语分析为视角,综合运用费尔克劳的三维模式和马丁的评价理论,对发表在美国和南非主流媒体上关于孔子学院的20篇新闻报道中的评价资源进行批评性分析,旨在揭示美国和南非主流媒体在报道孔子学院时所持的态度以及形成这种态度的社会因素。研究发现,美国媒体主要呈负面态度而南非媒体主要呈正面态度,并且他们的态度与政治、经济、文化等社会因素密切相关。基于上述研究,进一步探讨了孔子学院在发展中所面临的机遇和遇到的问题,并针对问题尝试性地提出一些对策以期有助于孔子学院更好地发展。%With the combination of Fairclough′s three-dimensional framework and Martin′s appraisal theo-ry,it conducted a critical study of the evaluative resources in news reports concerning Confucius Institute with the aim to find out the attitudes towards Confucius Institute held by American and South African media as well as the social factors against which the attitudes are formulated in this paper.Twenty pieces of news reports are collected as samples from both American and South African mainstream media.It showed that in these selected reports,more negative evaluative resources are employed by American media while more positive evaluative resources are employed by South African media, and their attitudes are closely related to political,economical and cultural factors.Based on the above,it explored the opportuni-ties and problems Confucius Institute is facing in its development in this paper.Furthermore,some sugges-tions for the solutions to the problems are put forward in the hope of promoting the development of Confu-cius Institute.

  12. 泰国孔子学院的发展模式及其优化策略∗%Development mode of the Confucius Institute in Thailand and its optimization strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何文竹

    2016-01-01

    As an international institution of China for intercultural communication,the Confucius In-stitute sticks to the principle of the inheritance and popularization of Confucian philosophy and func-tions in the two aspects of teaching Chinese and popularizing Chinese culture.Because the Confucius Institute in Thailand was established fairly early,it has promoted the teaching of the Chinese language and culture more successfully than other countries,whose development mode has some enlightening significance to China's intercultural ventures and the global establishment of the Confucius Institute. Based on the author's actual teaching and promoting of the Chinese language and culture in a Confucius Institute in Thailand,this paper analyzes its development mode and characteristics as well as its weak-nesses before offering some optimization strategies for its further development.%作为中国文化跨国传播的机构,孔子学院以继承和发扬孔子思想为精神导向,承担着汉语教学和中国文化传播两方面的职能。泰国的孔子学院建立较早,汉语推广较之其他国家力度更大,其发展模式对我国跨文化交际事业和全球孔子学院的建设与发展有着一定的启示和借鉴作用。本文根据作者在泰国从事汉语教学和文化传播的调研和工作经验,研究了在泰孔子学院对外汉语教学和文化传播的发展模式和特色,分析了在泰孔子学院当前存在的缺陷,提出了孔子学院进一步发展的优化策略。

  13. 从天命鬼神看孔子的人文情怀%From the Perspective of Destiny and Supernatural Beings to See Confucius Humanistic Feelings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振纲; 刘丽斌

    2016-01-01

    In the Spring and Autumn Period,with the rise of moral consciousness and humane spirit, the Shinto religious ideology changed significantly,and gradually replaced with the humanitarian,hu-man relations,and humanistic care.By means of the Heaven�s will,Confucius illustrated his ideal, knew the destiny and kept a sophisticated attitude to life.He respected the supernatural beings and kept a distance from them,while this notion of destiny vividly manifested this trend.Confucius�view of des-tiny and supernatural beings contains the spirit of humanism,which is different from Taoist natural-ism,as well as Mohist School of utilitarianism.It has had a profound influence on traditional culture and Chinese living in the ultimate concern,value orientation,and mode of thinking.%春秋时期,随着德性主体意识及人文精神的崛起,神道设教宗教意识形态发生明显变化,逐步为人道、人伦、人文关怀所取代;孔子借天意以明志,知命义而精进,敬鬼神而远之的天命鬼神观念,鲜明表现了这一趋势;孔子天命鬼神观所蕴含的人本主义精神,既不同于道家的自然主义,也有别于墨家的实用功利主义,对传统文化及中国人安身立命的终极关怀、价值取向、思维方式发生深远影响。

  14. 孔子与苏格拉底关于启发的区别及启示%On the Difference between the Inspiration of Confucius and Socrates and Enlightenment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易森林

    2015-01-01

    孔子和苏格拉底在自己的教学过程中都非常强调启发,但两者的启发其实是有质的区别,即孔子的启发是存在着一个预先的设定,而苏格拉底的启发则没有预先的设定,而是要让学生自己在与苏格拉底对话的过程受到启发。而这个区别也正是中西教育传统上的差异。%Confucius and Socrates in their teaching process were very stressed enlightening, but their inspiration is a qualitative difference. There is the pre set in Confucius inspiration, and the inspiration of Socrates is not pre setting, to let the students themselves were inspired in the process of dialogue with Socrates .And this difference is the difference between Chinese and western educational traditions.

  15. On"Dedicating When Appointed,Reti ring When Rejected"Not Being a Saying of Confucius%“用之则行,舍之则藏”非孔子之说考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨德春

    2014-01-01

    Confucius doesn't have the historical condition to express such opinion as "dedicating w hen ap-pointed ,retiring when rejected",which in fact is derived from Mencius'idea "to cultivate oneself if one is confined ,to spread goodness and morality if one is prospering".Confucius suggests the comity of crow ns , and it is impossible for him to say that only himself and Yan Yuan can achieve the state as "dedicating when appointed ,retiring when rejected".Besides ,Yan Yuan has not been "appointed" to "dedicate" himself ,ei-ther .%孔子无言“用之则行,舍之则藏”之现实条件。“用之则行,舍之则藏”实脱胎于孟子之“穷则独善其身,达则兼善天下”。孔子欲人人能行禅让,绝不会言“用之则行,舍之则藏”只有孔颜能够达到。颜渊从来没有被“用”过、“行”过。

  16. Situation and Reflections of the Spread and Inheritance of Chinese Culture from Confucius Institutes%从孔子学院看中国文化的传播与传承现状及反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹凤霞; 李碧权

    2014-01-01

    Pushed forward by the rush of learning Chinese globally, with Confucius Institutes' going towards the world, Chinese culture has an opportunity to diffuse and carry forward to a more extensive region. Confucius Institutes develop and innovate Chinese culture by a staged way of cultural diffusion, and it also inspires new reflection to domestic diffusion and inheritance. The inheritance of culture will practice the opening of cognitive system, building of knowledge system, innovating of behavior system and changing of value system with the times, realizing the goal of culture soft power country.%在全球汉语热潮的推动下,随着孔子学院走向世界,中国文化在更加广阔的辖域中得到传播和发扬。孔子学院以阶梯式的文化传播模式完成光大与创新汉民族文化的传承,同时,也给国内的文化传播与传承现状带来新的思考,文化传承一定践行认知体系的开放、知识体系的构建、行为体系的创新和价值体系的与时俱进,实现文化的软实力强国目标。

  17. Republican Utopia:from Plato to Moore%共和主义乌托邦:从柏拉图到莫尔

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐百军

    2012-01-01

    通过对柏拉图的《理想国》和莫尔的《乌托邦》的文本分析,我们发现他们的乌托邦思想中潜藏着共和主义叙事,实质上柏拉图和莫尔都希图建构一种共和主义乌托邦,由此也可以说乌托邦思想与共和主义之间原本就存在着一种共生的却被遗忘的历史关系,因而我们试图恢复以柏拉图和莫尔为代表的乌托邦思想家在共和主义政治光谱中的理论地位也并非一种主观冲动。%Through making a text analysis of Plato's Republic and Moore's Utopia,we find that a republican narrative has been hidden in their Utopian thought.Essencially,Plato and Moore both hoped to construct a republican utopia.It also can be said that there is a symbiotic and forgotten historical relation between the utopian thought and republicanism.So it is not a subjective impulse that we try to give the theoretical status in the republican political spectrum back to the utopian thinkers whose representatives are Plato and Moore.

  18. The great Lisbon earthquake and tsunami of 1755: lessons from the recent Sumatra earthquakes and possible link to Plato's Atlantis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutscher, M.-A.

    2006-05-01

    Great earthquakes and tsunami can have a tremendous societal impact. The Lisbon earthquake and tsunami of 1755 caused tens of thousands of deaths in Portugal, Spain and NW Morocco. Felt as far as Hamburg and the Azores islands, its magnitude is estimated to be 8.5 9. However, because of the complex tectonics in Southern Iberia, the fault that produced the earthquake has not yet been clearly identified. Recently acquired data from the Gulf of Cadiz area (tomography, seismic profiles, high-resolution bathymetry, sampled active mud volcanoes) provide strong evidence for an active east dipping subduction zone beneath Gibraltar. Eleven out of 12 of the strongest earthquakes (M>8.5) of the past 100 years occurred along subduction zone megathrusts (including the December 2004 and March 2005 Sumatra earthquakes). Thus, it appears likely that the 1755 earthquake and tsunami were generated in a similar fashion, along the shallow east-dipping subduction fault plane. This implies that the Cadiz subduction zone is locked (like the Cascadia and Nankai/Japan subduction zones), with great earthquakes occurring over long return periods. Indeed, the regional paleoseismic record (contained in deep-water turbidites and shallow lagoon deposits) suggests great earthquakes off South West Iberia every 1500 2000 years. Tsunami deposits indicate an earlier great earthquake struck SW Iberia around 200 BC, as noted by Roman records from Cadiz. A written record of even older events may also exist. According to Plato's dialogues The Critias and The Timaeus, Atlantis was destroyed by ‘strong earthquakes and floods … in a single day and night’ at a date given as 11,600 BP. A 1 m thick turbidite deposit, containing coarse grained sediments from underwater avalanches, has been dated at 12,000 BP and may correspond to the destructive earthquake and tsunami described by Plato. The effects on a paleo-island (Spartel) in the straits of Gibraltar would have been devastating, if inhabited, and may

  19. A dialogical exploration of the grey zone of health and illness: medical science, anthropology, and Plato on alcohol consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonner, Kieran

    2009-01-01

    This paper takes a phenomenological hermeneutic orientation to explicate and explore the notion of the grey zone of health and illness and seeks to develop the concept through an examination of the case of alcohol consumption. The grey zone is an interpretive area referring to the irremediable zone of ambiguity that haunts even the most apparently resolute discourse. This idea points to an ontological indeterminacy, in the face of which decisions have to be made with regard to the health of a person (e.g., an alcoholic), a system (e.g., the health system), or a society. The fundamental character of this notion will be developed in relation to the discourse on health and the limitations of different disciplinary practices. The case of alcohol consumption will be used to tease out the grey zone embedded in the different kinds of knowledge made available through the disciplinary traditions of medical science, with its emphasis on somatic well-being, and anthropology, with its focus on communal well-being. This tension or grey zone embedded in different knowledge outcomes will be shown to have a discursive parallel with the dialogue between the Athenian, the Spartan, and the Cretan in Plato's Laws. Making use of the dialogical approach as described by Gadamer, the Athenian's particular resolution of the tension will be explored as a case study to demonstrate the necessarily particular analysis involved in a grey zone resolution.

  20. What is good sport: Plato's view Co je to dobrý sport: Platónův pohled

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jernej Pisk

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available One of Plato's most common questions found in his dialogues is "What is something?" By asking this question Plato usually brought his co-speakers to the recognition that in fact they do not have a full comprehension of what something is, although they have a partial comprehension of it. The awareness of one's incomplete cognition is the first step to be made on the philosophic way to truth. As in ancient times also today Plato asks us – the modern philosophers of sport – "What is sport?" or more precisely "What is good sport?" Probably the best of Plato's answers to this question can be found in the basic concepts of his philosophy regarding his hierarchical division of the state and human soul into three parts. Since sport is derived from human being also the goodness of sport can be divided into three stages. The lowest stage of sport corresponds to the first part of the soul – the appetite soul. On this stage sport is based on the gaining of material goods through prizes won at competitions. In the philosophic view, this is the lowest possible stage of goodness of sport. The second stage of sport corresponds to the second part of the soul – the emotional soul. Sport at this stage is based on the elementary ancient agon, which seeks fulfilment in the winning of honour and glory. The greatest and the most superior is the third part of the soul – the reasonable soul. According to this, also the sport corresponding to the third part of the soul is the best. For this kind of sport it is no longer necessary to compete with other contestants, since it can achieve it's fulfilment in perfect execution of movement or exercise, in which the perfect cooperation between reason (soul and body is attained. At this stage of sport it is the most important to compete and win over one's self, and this can be achieved by everyone, without regard to his/her physical abilities in comparison with others. In Plato's view, good sport is the sport directed

  1. 中国道家儒家的存在-人本思想及其现实意义%The Thoughts and Realistic Signiifcance of Chinese Taoist and Confucius Existential-Humanistic Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许国彬; 孙银苹

    2014-01-01

    中国古代道家儒家存在—人本思想源远流长,与西方存在主义和人本主义心理学有许多异同之处。本文通过分析存在主义与人本主义的关系,阐明道家儒家存在—人本思想及形成过程,使人们在了解中国与西方存在主义和人本主义思想的根源的基础之上,在汲取西方存在主义和人本主义长处的同时,揭示两者的学术关系,从而体现中国文化更深刻的内涵和价值,引发当下“以人为本”思想的强烈共鸣,并分别从文化传承、思想感召、心理咨询与治疗和社会和谐的角度探寻道家儒家存在—人本思想的可资借鉴的现实意义,给人以启迪和思辨。%Chinese Taoist and Confucius existential-humanistic psychology, which can be dated back to ancient times, has a lot in common with western existential-humanistic psychology. Analyzing the correlation between Existentialism and Hu-manism, and expounding on the thoughts and development of Taoist and Confucius Existential-Humanism, this thesis aims to reinforce people’s understanding of the roots of Chinese Existential-Humanism, draw on the merits of western Existential-Hu-manism, reveal the academic interlink between Chinese and Western Existential-Humanism, and explore the profound meaning and value of the Chinese culture, thus trying to struck a responsive chord among its reader on the human-oriented concept. It also tries to seek the realistic meaning of Taoist and Confucius Existential-Humanism from the perspectives of cultural herit-age, ideological inlfuence, psychological counseling and treatment and social harmony, in the hope of evoking critical thinking among readers.

  2. 《时代》语料库中孔子身份话语:主体·概念·观念·中介%Confucius identity discourse in TIME corpus:subject·concept·ideology·medium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钦白兰

    2012-01-01

      In view of Confucius identity construction in TIME, 151 reports as discursive data in TIME corpus (1923-2006) were selected for qualitative as well as quantitive analyses of Confucius identity dis-course based on Foucaultian discourse view and collocation. Criticism was made of the marginalized dis-cursive practices of Confucius as a subject in Confucius identity construction. Meanwhile, confucius was found to be used symbolically as a concept, an ideology or a medium. Findings show that esthetical utilitarianism in this marginalized discourse permeates TIME and as a non-substantial objective dis-course, Confucius was introduced and quoted as a stereotyped concept for the sake of certain argumenta-tive ends.%  针对孔子在《时代周刊》中的身份构建问题,以《时代周刊》语料库中151篇相关报道为分析数据,依据福柯话语观和“词汇搭配”,对孔子身份话语进行定性定量分析,批判了含极少量孔子身份主体构建元素的《时代周刊》话语,揭露了《时代周刊》中三类利用孔子作为象征的话语:作为概念的孔子,作为观念的孔子,作为中介的孔子。研究发现:“边缘化”的孔子身份显现出《时代周刊》的实用主义审美特征,孔子在其中被引用做非事实性的客观话语,呈现出深度刻板化的话语概念特征。

  3. Narrative omission The Analects of Confucius and Genesis in the mirror of omission%叙述的缺位——由“省略之镜”看《创世纪》与《论语》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵华飞

    2011-01-01

    《论语》与《创世纪》,同样关乎伦理道义。然就其文本层面及其所指示的意义而言,两者有何同异?本文试以细读之法,由叙事缺位的角度入手分析《论语》与《创世纪》的异同。%The Analects of Confucius and Genesis both concern ethics and morality.While,if the two are considered as only canonical texts,are there any correspondances and differences between them? It tries to analyse the points above through close reading of the texts,which begins from the angle of narrative omission.

  4. 孔子和苏格拉底道德教育思想比较%A Comparative Study on Ideas of Moral Education and Practice between Confucius and Socrates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王坤; 郭巧言

    2012-01-01

    Confucius and Socrates, both in the Axial Age of human civilization, were the ancestors of Chinese and western human istic spirit respectively. Both of them set ethics and morals as the highest standard to save people. However, due to different historical background and g,',,graphic environment, their moral education ideas presented the characteristic of harmony without uniformity.%分别是中、西方人文精神始祖的孔子和苏格拉底都处于人类精神文明的“轴心时代”,二者都将伦理道德教育作为救世济民的最高精神。由于所处地理环境、时代背景等因素的不同,二者的道德教育思想呈现出同中有异的特点。

  5. Symbol,Identity and Recognition:Analysis of Construction Of Tourism Confucius Institute%符号、身份与认同:旅游孔子学院建构分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍蕾; 丁培毅

    2014-01-01

    旅游孔子学院建构实质是以旅游为契机,有效化解孔子学院发展的桎梏。无论是经济诉求,还是文化展演,都承载了新的表征符号。通过办学模式的突破和创新,破解了“中国威胁论”身份,并从旅游视角赋予了国际社会正面含义的认同途径:由于旅游和文化的高度融合性,决定了旅游孔子学院的主导价值是通过旅游实现中国传统文化的现代化转化及其与世界化融合。要保证旅游孔子学院的可持续发展,必须做到:在实施主体层面,大力推动中外双方共建模式的对接与创新;在实施进程层面,要厘清传播内涵、传播途径及传播机制;在实施保障层面,需要战略思考、组织行为范式及成熟运作。%The establishment of the Tourism Confucius Institute has the potential to promote development based on tourism. Both in the realm of economic demand and cultural manifestation,tourism invariably embodies new symbols of representation. The breakthroughs and innovations made in school-running models help to invalidate the China Threat Theory while the perspec-tive of tourism enables people to view the international community positively.The high degree of accommodation between tourism and culture has allowed the Tourism Confucius Institute’s dominant values to achieve,through tourism,the modernization of tra-ditional Chinese culture as well as its integration into the world.To ensure the sustainable development of the Tourism Confucius Institute,it is necessary that the sponsoring bodies strengthen the innovative links between the patterns of construction in China and abroad.In the implementation process,it is also important to ensure that the dissemination connotations,approaches and mechanisms are clear and rational.Finally,in order to guarantee the successful implementation of the Tourism Confucius Institu-te,it is critical to integrate strategic thinking,organizational behavior and

  6. The influence of Plato, Aristotle, and the ancient Polis on a programme for congenital cardiac surgery: the virtuous partnership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mavroudis, Constantine; Backer, Carl L

    2007-09-01

    The problems that exist in maintaining a partnership in paediatric cardiac surgery are considerable. They relate to fairness in allocation of time for leisure, the apportioning of cases between the partners, internal competition between them, financial considerations, and promotion of the ego. In this review, we discuss our own experiences in maintaining a partnership over a period of more than 18 years, relating such a "virtuous partnership" to the writings of Plato and Aristotle, and setting it against the tenets of the ancient Greek polis. The polis, or city state, came to prominence in ancient Greece during the golden age of Pericles, this period seeing the initial evolution of Western philosophy, as well as numerous other scientific, artistic and architectural advances. The concept of the polis was to create a natural association with its citizens that nurtured all that is best in people, at the same time defining their character. In this respect, according to Plato, the person and the polis are mirror images. Aristotle then expanded this notion to incorporate the various forms of friendship, which he pointed out last only as long as the interrelated pleasure survives. Using these principles as the point of departure, we argue that cardiac surgeons should respect moral virtue in each other. Extending this process means that we should also respect, and celebrate, our relationships with affiliated physicians, nurses, perfusionists, administrators, and all concerned in the care of children with congenitally malformed hearts. In this way, we create a virtuous partnership for congenital cardiac surgery that promotes all that was good, as engendered in the ancient Greek polis. As we extend these observations to the modern world, we discuss some of the features that have permitted us to work so well together. One of the most important is a summoning and unwritten tenet that greets us as we enter the operating room, namely "check your ego at the door". The operative

  7. An Analysis of the Moral Concept of Ethics of The Analects of Confucius for the Consolidation of the College Students%以《论语》中的伦理道德观试析强化大学生道德修养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王思远; 陈岩

    2012-01-01

    The Analects of Confucius has been recognized as the main idea of Confucian culture in which the ethical theory is the essence. A series of new situations of moral status appears in college students, we should reasonably absorb the moral concept of ethics in The Analects of Confucius to solve the ideological and moral problem and effectively improve the level of self - cultivation of college students.%《论语》是儒家文化的代表作品,其中的伦理道德学说更是儒家思想的精髓。可以借鉴《论语》中的伦理道德观,针对高校学生的思想道德出现的问题,切实提高大学生自身的道德修养和素质。

  8. Misrepresentation of vital status follow-up: challenging the integrity of the PLATO trial and the claimed mortality benefit of ticagrelor versus clopidogrel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiNicolantonio, James J; Tomek, Ales

    2013-10-30

    Ticagrelor, a novel, reversible, and oral P2Y12 receptor antagonist, was claimed to reduce all-cause mortality compared to clopidogrel in the PLATO trial. We sought to ascertain vital status follow-up for clopidogrel and ticagrelor to determine if any discrepancy existed by reviewing data from the FDA Complete Response Review. The FDA Complete Response Review indicated misrepresentation of vital status follow-up by the sponsor's presenter at the Cardiovascular and Renal Drugs Advisory Committee. Instead of five patients with missing vital status follow-up, the FDA primary efficacy reviewer indicated that there was a minimum of 106 patients. Additionally and more concerning was the fact that significantly more patients on ticagrelor (3.1%, n = 289 patients) had incomplete vital status follow-up versus clopidogrel (2.6%, n = 242 patients, p = 0.04 for the difference). The Advisory Committee that voted in favor to approve ticagrelor was given misrepresented data, which may have affected the approval of ticagrelor. The fact that significantly more patients on ticagrelor had incomplete vital status follow-up versus clopidogrel challenges the claimed mortality benefit of ticagrelor and the approval of the PLATO trial. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Proporción y autoría. Arte mueble paleolítico. Figuras de los Omóplatos de

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Fernández Lombera

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo se compone de las siguientes partes : a.- Realización de calcos con una gran objetividad gráfica de las figuras grabadas en los omóplatos de El Castillo, exhumados por OBERMAIER en sus campañas de 1911/12. b.- Diseño, validación y aplicación de un método para el cálculo de la proporción de una figura, independoentemente de cuál sea, enfrentándola a un arquetipo. c.- Aplicación de tal método, una vez validado, a las figuras de los omóplatos de El Castillo. d.- Análisis de la manera de hacer de cada uno de los autores de las figuras de El Castillo ; es a lo que llamamos autoría. e.- Obtención de un conjunto de conclusiones de tipo formal, artístico y paleoetnológico

  10. 南京夫子庙游憩者地方感特征及其规划意义%Characteristics of Recreationists' Sense of Place and Its Implication in Planning:A Case Study of the Nanjing Confucius Temple Block

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐文跃

    2011-01-01

    In the process of rapid urbanization,building an urban outdoor recreation space with local characteristics and historical and cultural meaning is of practical importance.Understanding the meaning and value of urban space and the relationship between people and urban space is the prerequisite and basis for the construction of this kind of urban space.Sense of place research offers a new perspective for understanding their relationships.This paper takes the Nanjing Confucius Temple block,an urban residents' outdoor recreational place and 5A tourism area,as a study subject,and measures its recreationists' sense of place with 5-point likert scale.Results show that Confucius Temple recreationists have a sense of place characterized by nostalgic experience based on history,identity,memory,and imagination,consisting of three dimensions of Qinhuai flavor,Confucius and imperial examination,and Commercial culture.Appreciating Qinhuai scenery is the most important recreation motivation of Confucius Temple recreationists,and historical and cultural landscape is the most attractive factor.Recreationists have high appraisal to the historical style and features of the Confucius Temple block.The local features of Confucius and imperial examination,Qinhuai flavor are highly recognized by recreationists.Significant differences of sense of place do not appear between different groups of recreationists,which illustrates that recreationists have the similar sense of place about the historical style and features of Confucius Temple block.Six dynasties romantics,Ming and Qing dynasties style and the local features of nostalgia in the Nanjing Confucius Temple block have received recreationists' extensive recognition.For both residents and tourists,the Confucius Temple block is a promising place for visiting Six dynasties and Ming and Qing dynasties history.Recreationists' experience of Confucius temple history and culture comes from recreationists' memory and imagination of

  11. "子见南子/子路不悦":功能语言学者新解%A Functional Discourse Analysis of Zi Jian Nan Zi / Zi Lu Bu Yue (Confucius saw Nanzi / Zilu was not pleased)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈旸

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, the functional discourse analysis with Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) as its theoretical framework in the studies of the translated texts of Lun Yu (The Analects of Confucius) has been proposed and illustrated. Following this approach, the paper attempts to evaluate a number of Chinese and English translation versions of Zi Jian Nan Zi / Zi Lu Bu Yue (Confucius saw Nanzi / Zilu was not pleased), and the focus is on logical-semantic relations and Transitivity analysis. The paper argues that the functional discourse analysis approach can help evaluate the translation product in a systemic and systematic way.%《论语》“雍也篇第六·子见南子”一直以来颇受学界争议,历代学者从不同角度,采用不同研究方法得出非常丰富和有趣的相关研究成果。近几年,功能语言学对《论语》及其英译研究的指导作用已在实践中得到验证。本文继续以功能语言学为理论框架,采用功能语篇分析方法,重点从小句复合体的逻辑语义关系入手,探讨“子见南子/子路不悦”之间的逻辑语义关系在原文(源语)以及不同今译、英译文(目的语)中的体现情况;考察其不同语言形式传递的意义内涵;探索功能语言学“形式是意义的体现”的思想对评价《论语》及其今译、英译文质量的指导意义。

  12. 论孔子义利观对现代廉政建设的启示%On the enlightenment of Confucius justice and benefit view for modern construction of a clean and honest administration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余文好

    2015-01-01

    春秋末期的思想家和教育家孔子的义利观在其弟子编撰的《论语》中进行了全面阐述。义以为上、利之常情、义利辨证是孔子义利观的主要内涵。随着改革开放的逐步深入和经济全球化的到来,部分党员干部义利观扭曲,腐败问题日益突出,“假义真利”是时下贪官之真实写照。新时期,中国共产党人对孔子义利观要进行现代解读,突破时代与阶级局限性,汲取为政中的科学义利思想,这对提升党员干部政德素养和加强党内廉政制度建设有着十分重要的启发价值。%The thinker and educator of the late Chunqiu dynasty Confucius comprehensively expoun-ded his viewpoint of justice and interests/benefits in the “Analects of Confucius”,which mainly in-cludes taking justice first,seeking benefits of the general and maintaining dialectical unity of the justice and benefits.With the gradual deepening of reform and opening up and economic globaliza-tion,some Party members and cadres have held a distorted view on justice and benefits (benefits in the name of justice),whose corruptions are becoming increasingly prominent with justice-skinned interests/benefits..In the new age /period,the Communist Party of China should make a modern in-terpretation of the view on Confucius justice and interests,break throughs limitations of the era and class,draw scientific thought of justice and benefits for administration.The approach can be a solu-tion to enhancing the political morality accomplishment of Party members and cadres and strengthe-ning the construction of clean government system.

  13. La cuadratura del plato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángeles Mora

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Una de las cosas que el Jurado del X Premio de Poesía Vicente Núñez destacó de este libro fue “su exquisito tratamiento del lenguaje”. Y desde luego lo es, es exquisito su tratamiento del lenguaje pero no porque utilice un lenguaje exquisito o excelso sino porque sabe arrancarle al lenguaje de todos los días, a las palabras sencillas, toda la carga poética de emoción e iluminación que llevan dentro. Mónica Doña nos dice que en su libro ha querido huir de un lirismo que muchas veces resulta falso, hueco, y nos habla de que lo que ha querido hacer es “épica cotidiana”, sin héroes, porque por su libro, como por la vida nuestra de todos los días, lo que circulan son seres que sobreviven como pueden en un mundo adverso.

  14. La cuadratura del plato

    OpenAIRE

    Ángeles Mora

    2012-01-01

    Una de las cosas que el Jurado del X Premio de Poesía Vicente Núñez destacó de este libro fue “su exquisito tratamiento del lenguaje”. Y desde luego lo es, es exquisito su tratamiento del lenguaje pero no porque utilice un lenguaje exquisito o excelso sino porque sabe arrancarle al lenguaje de todos los días, a las palabras sencillas, toda la carga poética de emoción e iluminación que llevan dentro. Mónica Doña nos dice que en su libro ha querido huir de un lirismo que muchas veces resulta fa...

  15. A display model for the TOU of PLATO: just a cool toy or a benchmark of opportunities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dima, M.; Greggio, D.; Bergomi, M.; Biondi, F.; Farinato, J.; Farisato, G.; Magrin, D.; Lessio, L.; Marafatto, L.; Munari, M.; Pagano, I.; Ragazzoni, R.; Viotto, V.; Piazza, D.

    2016-07-01

    We produced a "toy-model" of one Telescope Optical Unit of PLATO, the Medium sized mission selected by ESA to fly in 2024. This is a six lenses dioptric very wide field camera with a window in front to take care of radiation impact on the first lens whose optical glass cannot be replaced with a radiation hardened one. The main aim of this project is just to produce a "cool" model for display purposes, in which one can "explore" the details of the inside through some openings in the tube, in order to visually inspect some of the fine details of the opto-mechanics. While its didactic and advertising role is out of doubt, during its construction we realized that some interesting outcome can be of some relevance for the project itself and that some findings could be useful, in order to assess the ability of producing with the same technology some (of course of much more modest quality) optical systems. In this context, we immediately dropped the option of producing the lenses with opaque material painted with a color resembling a refractive material (like blue for instance) and decided to actually produce them with transparent plastic. Furthermore the surfaces are then finely polished in order to give them basic optical properties. Such an optical system has only very coarsely the converging properties of the original nominal design for a number of reasons: the refractive indexes are not the nominal ones, the quality of the surfaces and their nominal values are only roughly, within a few percent, the targeted one, and the way the surfaces are built up makes them prone to some diffraction effects. However, the bulk of the lens and the surface roughness will give a large magnification of the scattering effects that will be experienced, at a much lower level, on the actual flight model. We investigated through propagation of a laser beam and by digital camera the main stray light modes that this toymodel offers. In other words, the model amplifies, to a large extent, the

  16. 苏格拉底、柏拉图、亚里士多德与丑%Socrates,Plato and Aristotle's Views on Ugliness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    区翰子; 李佳

    2014-01-01

    尽管从苏格拉底开始就萌生“丑”这个美学范畴,其在古代一直处于被忽视和非独立的地位。拟通过分析苏格拉底、柏拉图和亚里士多德三位巨匠的“丑”观,揭示“审丑”在萌芽时期的状态。%Despite its first faint showing started from Socrates , Ugliness had constantly been over-looked as a dependent aesthetic category in the ancient time .The following discussion will analyze the views of Socrates ,Plato and Aristotle on the appreciation of ugliness ,thus revealing the state of the appre-ciation of ugliness in its earlier stage .

  17. On Aesthetic Thoughts of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle%古希腊“三贤”美育思想概论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦宾; 刘忠伟

    2011-01-01

    Based on analysis of aesthetic thoughts of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, the famous philosophers in ancient Greek, this paper attempts to use their ideas for reference in guiding the cur- rent teaching practice to better aesthetic education.%通过对古希腊时期三位著名哲学家苏格拉底、柏拉图、亚里土多德美育思想的简要概括和论述,试图从他们对美育思想的主张中提取有益于符合我们现实国情的教育理念,对我们在教学实践中更好地实施美育教育提供可资借鉴的依据。

  18. Confucius’“Gentleman Personality”Construction from the Analects of Confucius%从《论语》看孔子“君子人格”思想的建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋宁

    2014-01-01

    As the founder of Confucianism, Confucius actively advocates to the “gentleman personality”, which has a far-reaching influence on the culture of the Confucian personality and becomes the object of respect and followed by generations of intellectuals. This article tries to put forward the thoughts of Confucius’ “gentleman personality” and to construct the form of“gentleman personality”. Furthermore, by combining with the current situation of society, this paper interprets the thought of“gentleman personality”of“the analectsof Confucius”, and to endow them with new connotation.%孔子作为儒学的创始人,其高扬“君子人格”的塑造,对后世儒家的文化人格建构产生了深远的影响,也成为了历代知识分子所尊崇、效仿的对象。尝试从孔子“君子人格”思想的提出以及其建构的“君子人格”的形态等角度,对《论语》中孔子的“君子人格”思想进行全方位的解读,并结合当下的社会现状赋予其新的时代内涵。

  19. 辜鸿铭《论语》译本“杂合”特征解读%Feature of Hybridity in Gu Hongming' s Version of The Analects of Confucius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    边立红; 吴鹏

    2011-01-01

    With the notion of hybridity of post-colonial theories as the theoretic perspective, a systematic analysis is carried out on Gu Hong:ning' s version of The Analects of Confucius. It is argued that Gu Hongrning' s version entails the clear feature of hybridity which indicates his endeavor to resist western hegemony of culture in special context of history and his intention to promote the equal dialogue between Chinese and western cultures.%以后殖民主义理论中的“杂合”概念解读辜鸿铭的《论语》译本,指出辜鸿铭的译本体现了一种杂合特征,展示了他在特定历史语境中抵制西方文化中心主义,构建中国文化与西方文化间平等对话的良苦用心。

  20. 先秦生涯发展思想论纲——以孔子、庄子为例%An Outline of Career Development Theory in Pre - Qin Period --Taking Confucius and Chuangtzu as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付文科

    2012-01-01

    在中国生涯发展思想史上,早在先秦时期就有了以国家为本位的职业分工思想,并形成了影响中国至今的"官本位"与"金本位"取向的职业价值观。孔子从时间现象学的角度提出了"生涯历程"理论与"职业锚"思想;庄子最早提出生涯浑沌发展模型,生涯浑沌之特征表现在"人生如梦"与"命运"两个主要方面。%The core of Chinese philosophy is the philosophy of life, including career development theory. Western theory of career development must combine with Chinese cultural tradition. In the career development of Chinese ideological history, the country profession thought of division of labor appeared, and the official standard and the gold standard orientation of profession values were formed in Pre - Qin Period. Confucius from the time of the phenomenologieal perspective put forward career development theory and career anchors theory; Chuangtzu puts forward the earliest career development Chaos model, that two aspects of " life is but a dream", and "destiny" from Chaos features .

  1. The Alienation of Confucius' Outlook on Filial Piety in the Periods of the Two Han Dynasties%论孔子孝亲观在两汉时期的异化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范兴昕; 李宏香

    2014-01-01

    Confucius' outlook on iflial piety became alienated during the Western and Easter Han Dynasties: supremacy of paternity, living beside the tomb, emaciation with grief, and revenge over the death of parents. This is due to the policy of running the country with the iflial piety at that time. A study of the relationship between the alienation and running a country in that way can be used as reference for passing on the iflial culture.%孔子孝亲观至两汉时期出现了一些异化现象,主要体现为父权的至高无上、亲丧后的庐墓而居和哀毁骨立、父母之仇的不共戴天。这些异化现象跟两汉政府以孝治国政策造成的孝亲文化的政治化、制度化、法律化等紧密相关。挖掘两汉孝亲文化的异化与以孝治国策略间的关系,可以为优秀孝亲文化的当代传承提供有益借鉴。

  2. The Differences between Plato and Aristotle's Educational Philosophy%柏拉图与亚里士多德教育哲学的差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘良华

    2012-01-01

    古典西方教育哲学分为两个阵营:柏拉图以苏格拉底的名义组建他的“理想国”,按照“理论理性”设计他的“政治哲学”和教育方案;柏拉图坚持“哲人王”统治、公产制和道德教育。亚里士多德虽然坚持了哲学对政治的指导,但他看到了哲学对政治的危险,按照“实践理性”的优先性开创了不同于柏拉图的“政治哲学”的“政治科学”以及相关的教育方案。亚里士多德重视轮流制、私有制和法制教育。%The classical philosophy of education is divided into two camps. Plato built his Republic in the name of Socrates and designed the political philosophy and education plan with the theoretical reason. He adhered to the rule of the “philosophy king”, the communist membership system and moral education. Aristotle realized the danger of the philosophy to the politics, although he insisted in the guidance of philosophy to politics. He created the political science and education plan with the practical reason instead of Plato's political philosophy. He valued the political rule, the private ownership, and the legal education.

  3. 亚里士多德与孔子论“射”--德性伦理的理性逻辑与情感逻辑%On Archery of Aristotle and Confucius:Rational Logic and Emotional Logic of Virtue Ethics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李超

    2014-01-01

    亚里士多德和孔子都曾用“射”来说明中庸德性,但各有特色。亚里士多德论“射”关注射箭之理,目的在于善,价值指向是幸福,侧重于功能实现卓越;其理论预设是灵魂,人的灵魂的本质所在就是理性,故其德性论是一种理性逻辑。孔子论“射”关注射箭之德,目的在于礼,价值指向是和谐,侧重于情感表现中和;其理论预设是天道,天道下贯而成的人道始于情感,故其德性论是一种情感逻辑。通过中西方这两条传统德性伦理学路径的对比发现,当今德性伦理学的复兴不仅需要亚里士多德之学,也需要孔子之学。%Aristotle and Confucius illustrate golden mean by archery while with its own characteristics . Aristotle pays attention to the principle of archery , whose aim is good , value direction is happiness , and excel-lence of function realization is his focus .Since Aristotle thinks that rationality of the soul is its essence , his theory of virtue is based on the rationality logic .Confucius concerns about the morality of archery , which aim is LI, and value direction is harmony .Confucius’ theoretical supposition is TianDao and RenDao manifested from TianDao is evolved from emotion , then we can say that Confucius ’ theory of virtue obeys the emotional logic.Through the contrast of the two traditional paths of virtue ethics between China and West , we can make the conclusion that revival of virtue ethics of the time not only need Aristotle ’ s theory , but also Confucius ’ .

  4. "Back to the Original Life" of the Philosophy --Taking Confucius as an Example%回归哲学的“生活世界”——以孔子为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭继民

    2011-01-01

    At present, the philosophy of "back to the original life" seems to become a hot topic again in academic circles. In fact, philosophy and life are unified in original nature, which is the case especially in Chinese philosophy, in which Confucian philosophy is a typical representative: Confucius practiced his philosophy for all his life, and his following big "Dao" and being honest and responsible is a perfect combination of philosophy and life. Currently, if we want the philosophy "back to the original life", we need not only treat it with rational attitudes but also do it with honest spirits.%“回到生活本身”的哲学似乎又成为学界讨论的热点,事实上,哲学和生活乃本原性的统一,中国哲学尤然。孔子的哲学尤其表现得淋漓尽致:孔子终生在践行其哲学理念,其遵循大道、诚实负责的乐感生活即为哲学与生活的完美结合。当下,对哲学的“生活回归”之态度既需要我们以理性的态度对待之,更需以实干的精神去“做”哲学。

  5. 旧概念与新环境(一):柏拉图的“恒”%OLD CONCEPTS AND NEW SITUATIONS ( Ⅰ ): PLATO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁鹤年

    2012-01-01

    "Justice" is emphasized both in Plato's worldview (Timaeus) and political view (The Republic). "Justice", as an Idea, a Form, is changeless; it governs man and the Universe; it is the combination of order and balance. In city planning, Le Corbusier comes closest to the Platonic ideal, and for which he has been severely criticized by mainstream Empiricism and Individualism. City planning cannot avoid ordering and balancing. Confucianism does not only share a lot with Platonism, but also provide additional insights.%柏拉图的《宇宙论》和《理想国》都强调“义”.“义”是一种永恒的天道与人道原则,是秩序和平衡的组合,是宇宙之法.在城市规划中,柯布西耶最得其精粹.但也因此而备受现代主流经验主义与个人主义的批判.城市规划不能离开秩序与平衡,中国孔孟之道与柏拉图思路不仅有很多吻合之处,更另创新意.

  6. Applying the Wisdom in The Analects of Confucius to College Students'Career Planning%《论语》智慧与大学生生涯规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余亚斐

    2016-01-01

    子曰:“志于道,据于德,依于仁,游于艺。”孔子的这四句话对当代大学生的生涯规划具有重要的借鉴与参照作用。“志于道”,大学生应当首先树立追求真理的远大志向,超越眼前的利益得失;“据于德”,要求大学生行不离德,坚守做人的基本原则与道德操守;“依于仁”,大学生通过慎独自省,来实现道德生活的真诚、自由,以及生命境界的提升;“游于艺”,大学生应该广泛地融入与应对当下的社会生活,掌握其所要求的知识和技能,应对自如。%Confucius said ,"Let the will be set on the path of duty .Let every attainment in what is good be firmly grasped .Let perfect virtue be accorded with .Let relaxation and enjoyment be found in the polite arts ". College students can draw important inspiration from these words when it comes to career planning .Firstly ,they should set high goals ,seeking the truth with little concern for immedi‐ate personal gains or losses .Secondly ,they should exemplify the good and hold fast to the basic code of moral ethics .Thirdly ,they should be reflective and self -restrained in order to achieve moral integ‐rity and freedom and a higher state of life itself .Finally ,college students must extensively involve themselves with the current social life and acquire the necessary knowledge and skills .

  7. The fundamental characters of soma in Plato's later dialogues: an introduction to the reanalysis of Plato's physical education theory%柏拉图后期对话篇中"身体(soma)"的原理性特征——柏拉图体育论再考的前提

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    木庭康树

    2009-01-01

    This paper aims to clarify Plato's view of soma through consideration of the fundamental characters of soma in Plato's later dialogues. Soma, which had a very large extension in classical Greek, denotes not only the hu-man body but also the elemental bodies (fire, water, air, earth), the corpse, the cosmic body, the celestial body, the animal body, etc, and there also lies such a large extension in the background of the Plato's view of the human body.According to Laws, Plato's last work, soma has three common characters: spaciality, movability and sensibil-ity, and takes on a different aspect fi'om the body in the present age. Firstly, the spaciality of soma is the likeness of Form, which is copied into chora (the place of plenum), and it is the solid, which is geometrically formed by fol-lowing Form. Secondly, the movability of soma is originally motion by others or disorderly and dotted linear mo-tion, which is necessarily caused by the accidental collision between the particles, but in connection with Soul and Reason it becomes a pseudo-autonomous and orderly circular motion. Thirdly, the sensibility of soma is pathema (accidental affection), which is based on the multiplicity in the geometrical structures of the particles. Pathema in-jutes Soul and soma when it is left to Chance and Ignorance, but in the control of Reason it contributes to the reali-zation of the good and the restoration of the order.Since soma, which has close connections to Soul, Reason and Form, is represented as such a subordinate and necessarily conditional existence in Plato's later dialogues, the hu-man body, which is also called soma, should be considered on the basis of the above mentioned fundamental char-acters.%通过考察柏拉图后期对话篇中"身体(soma)"的原理性特征,阐明柏拉图身体(soma)观."身体(soma)"是具有极其宽广外延的词汇,不仅指人的身体,还代指动物的躯体、宇宙或天体的结构、丧失生命的尸体,甚至具有构成基

  8. Baseline Q waves and time from symptom onset to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: insights from PLATO on the influence of sex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kholaif, Naji; Zheng, Yinggan; Jagasia, Pushpa; Himmelmann, Anders; James, Stefan K; Steg, Philippe Gabriel; Storey, Robert F; Westerhout, Cynthia M; Armstrong, Paul W

    2015-08-01

    The prognostic value of time from symptom onset to reperfusion may be enhanced by the identification of Q waves on the presenting electrocardiogram (ECG) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We evaluated whether the relative prognostic utility of these 2 metrics was altered by sex. Q waves in the distribution of the ST-segment elevation on the baseline ECG were evaluated by a blinded core laboratory in 2838 STEMI patients (2163 men and 675 women) from the PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes (PLATO) trial who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) within 12 hours of symptom onset. Women were older (median 63 vs 57 years), more likely to be diabetic (24.1% vs 15.5%), hypertensive (69.2% vs 50.9%), and a higher Killip class > I (8.6% vs 5.9%), as compared with men. Whereas the Q waves frequency rose progressively over time to ECG in men, this relationship was attenuated in women (P = .057). Q waves on the baseline ECG were associated with a higher excess hazard of 1-year vascular death in men (hazard ratio [HR] 2.03; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13-3.72), and a similar trend existed in women (HR 1.97; 95% CI, 0.86-4.51). Women with baseline Q waves tended to have higher risk of 1-year vascular death than men as continuous time from symptom onset to PCI increased (P[interaction] = .182). These differences in the evolution of baseline Q waves and relationship between time from symptom onset and vascular death in women and men deserve recognition in future studies of STEMI. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. "Ideal" and "Body Ideal": Reading Plato, Foucault, Vico and Socrates%“理想”与“身体理想”——读柏拉图、福珂、维科和苏格拉底

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙潜

    2012-01-01

    从柏拉图的古希腊起,身体在人认知的体系中,是意识形态的,是价值判断的,亦是意义功能的。身体不是单纯的自然物,身体不能被看为一个独立的物体,它是一种社会现象。%Since Plato' s ancient Greece body has been considered part of human cognition system, involving the value judgment and meaning function. Body is not simply natural, but social as well.

  10. The Characteristics of Urban Residents' Place Attachment to Recreational Block: A Case Study of Nanjing Confucius Temple Block%城市居民游憩地方依恋特征分析——以南京夫子庙为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐文跃

    2011-01-01

    城市居民游憩地方依恋研究为认识居民与城市游憩空间的关系提供了一个新的视角。以南京夫子庙为案例研究发现,南京居民的夫子庙游憩地方依恋具有地方依赖和地方认同两个维度的结构特征,其中对夫子庙的情感性依恋大于功能性依恋。时间和经济状况是居民游憩地方依恋形成的主要影响因素,其中对夫子庙的地方依赖程度主要受居民经济状况的影响,地方认同程度主要受时间因素的影响;夫子庙主要满足了中等文化程度(高中、中专)和中等收入阶层游憩者的消费需求,是一个大众化的休闲游憩街区。%In the process of rapid teristics and historical and cultural urbanization, how to build an urban outdoor recreation meaning is a practical and significant issue worthy of space with local charac- further research. Understanding the meaning and value of urban space and the relationship between people and urban space is the prerequisite and basis for the construction of this kind of urban space. Place attachment, an emotional attachment to a certain place, is a kind of special phenomenon of man-land relationship and a hot topic of western recreation geography and environmental psychology. Residents' place attachment to urban recreational block research pro- rides a new perspective for understanding the relationship between residents and urban recreation space. This paper takes Nanjing Confucius Temple block, an urban residents' outdoor recreational olace and 5A tourism area.as a study case, and estimates its recreationists' place attachment with 5-point likert scale. The result shows that Nanjing residents' place attachment to Confucius Temple recreational block is constructed by two dimensions:place dependence and place identity. Place identity is more important than place dependence for Nanjing residents. Time and economic condition are the main factors in the formation of residents

  11. 孔子与中国名师的专业传统——以《论语》开篇话语为基础%Confucius and Traditional Professional Culture of Chinese Teacher: Based on the Beginning Words of the Analects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周勇

    2012-01-01

    As the first influential teacher in China, Confucius has left plentiful heritage of professional culture. According the beginning words in the Analects, the most important insights of Confucius' s professional culture give perfect answers to three essential pedagogical problems ; which are the origin of teaching, the value of pedagogy, and the difficulty of being a teacher. It was based on these answers that Chinese teachers witnessed their professional tradition which regards developing humanism orien- ted learning and practice community as the fundamental mission of pedagogies. This classical teacher professional tradition can provide lens of important significance for examining today' s teacher professional development movement in China.%孔子作为中国第一位名师留有丰富的专业文化遗产。《论语》开篇话语表明,孔子以自己的教育心得体会,深刻解答了教师或教育专业的三大基本问题,即教育的本源、价值与考验。后世中国名师因此形成专业传统,其核心精神是将培养追求仁道的学习与实践共同体,视为教师或教育专业的首要追求。孔子开创的教师专业传统,可以为反思中国近十年的教师专业发展运动究竟发展了教师的什么,提供具有重要历史参照意义的衡量点。

  12. Similarities and Differences between later Heidegger and Confucius's Thought:from Perspective of Letter on Humanism%后期海德格尔与孔子思想的异同--基于《关于人道主义的书信》的视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨栋

    2014-01-01

    海德格尔《关于人道主义的书信》强调生命自觉的重要性,主张人类源始地生存,揭示了不恰当的生存方式的根源和危害,提出了以适当性为指归的人类生存方向。后期海德格尔与强调生命自觉的孔子在“生命自觉”“源始境域”和“生存方向”方面有着共同关怀的主题。对二者异同的辨析,不仅有助于中西哲学的相互理解和诠释,而且对于探索比较研究的新视角和方法也是有益的。%Heidegger's Letteron Humanism (1946)emphasizes the importance of self awareness of life,de-scribes existentialities in primordial dimension,interprets the origin of inappropriate existentialities from be-ing away from primordial dimension and lastly indicates what is the appropriate life.From this point,the thinking between Heidegger and Confucius could be comparable.In the aspects of the“self awareness of hu-man being's life”,“primordial situation”and the“direction of life”are the common subjects of later Heideg-ger and Confucius centralized.The analysis of similarities and differences in these aspects is helpful for un-derstanding und interpretation between Chinese and Western philosophy.And a new way of observing and a new method in comparative study may be developed.

  13. 论孔子的启发式教学法及其运用--以“思想道德修养与法律基础”课程为例%A Study of Confucius'Heuristic Didactics---Illustrated by the Example of the Course of Ideological and Moral Cultivation and Legal Basis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖丹琪

    2014-01-01

    The moral education was the main theme of Confucius’ education. He focused on heuristics rather than spoon-feed‐ing. He used all kinds of heuristic didactics ,such as the two - way communication ,the dialectical method and teaching students in accordance with their aptitude. Through these ways Confucius enlightened students and improved teaching effective‐ness. The course of ideological and moral cultivation and legal basis is the main course to strengthen the university students’ moral qualities. Studying the Confucius'heuristic didactics is important for the teaching of this course.%孔门教育,以道德教育和人格教育为主。孔子在对弟子进行教育的时候重在引导,而非填充,他运用了各式各样的启发式教学法,包括双向交流、“叩竭法”、因材施教等,通过采取这些方法既启迪了学生的思维,又提高了道德教育的效果。当代大学课程中的“思想道德修养与法律基础”课程也是对学生进行思想道德教育的主干课程,其与孔子的道德教育有相通之处。研究孔子在道德教育中所运用的启发式教学法,对于此门课程的教学工作具有重要的指导意义。

  14. Violence in Schools: Perspectives (and Hope) from Galtung and Buber

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cremin, Hilary; Guilherme, Alexandre

    2016-01-01

    Research into violence in schools has been growing steadily at an international level, and has shown high degrees of violence at various different levels. Given the seriousness of the problem, finding ways of responding to this issue in schools becomes an imperative for educationists. In this article, we engage with this problem by defending the…

  15. Violence in Schools: Perspectives (and Hope) from Galtung and Buber

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cremin, Hilary; Guilherme, Alexandre

    2016-01-01

    Research into violence in schools has been growing steadily at an international level, and has shown high degrees of violence at various different levels. Given the seriousness of the problem, finding ways of responding to this issue in schools becomes an imperative for educationists. In this article, we engage with this problem by defending the…

  16. A psicoterapia dialógica de Martin Buber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón, Saturnino Pesquero

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A doutrina buberiana sobre os efeitos humanizadores do seu principio dialógico, que define o genuíno diálogo, estabelece a base para se alcançar tanto uma realização pessoal plena quanto uma sociedade construída sobre as relações interpessoais. Num primeiro momento, sua elaboração teórica e aplicação prática estiveram mais voltadas para o campo da sociologia e da educação. A partir da década dos anos 50, no entanto, privilegia seu viés psicológico e psicoterápico. O presente artigo objetiva expor os principais conceitos e postulados de seu modelo psicoterápico assim como a convergência do mesmo com o da Psicoterapia Centrada na Pessoa de C. Rogers

  17. A Confidence Paradigm for Classification Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    M.U. Thomas Date Dean, Graduate School of Engineering and Management Table of Contents Page List of Figures...Plato, Aristotle, Plotinus, St Augustine, St Aquinas , Machi- avelli, Descartes, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Marx, Mill, Confucius) discuss having...independence, and aggregation of confidence is a linear summation of individual confidence values. Thomas and Allcock [61] develop a statistical confidence

  18. 千年孔丘%Millennium Confucius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    会心

    2011-01-01

    电影于2010年公映.电影描写孔子51岁出任中都宰一直到其73岁病逝这段经历,并挑选了最有戏剧性的堕三都、周游列国、陈蔡被围等重要经历进行改编.已观看过此片的观众都对电影的气势磅礴和情节的深入人心大加赞赏.怎么看孔子?本来就是相当复杂的问题.汉代就出现过这样的问题,当政者独尊儒术,奉孔子为大圣人,于是就有人将孔子神化,说他"前知千岁,后知万世""不学自知,不问自晓".王充提出许多实例进行辩驳,说明孔子是圣人,不是神,其感官与常人一样,只是思维灵活一点,想法深刻一点,但他也有许多不知道的.经过上个世纪"五四"新文化运动的批判,再到文化大革命中的破"四旧",批林批孔,批儒评法,将孔子儒学全面否定.将近一个世纪,整个民族差不多都在批孔批儒的文化氛围中度过.现在,如何看孔子,就形成了更加复杂的情况.

  19. LAS CRÍTICAS DE ARISTÓTELES A PLATÓN EN METAFÍSICA I, 9 ARISTOTLE’S CRITICISMS OF PLATO IN METAPHYSICS I, 9

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Gabriela Di Camillo

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available

    O recurso à exposição crítica das doutrinas anteriores é um procedimento metodológico usual em Aristóteles. Mas a característica distintiva do Livro I da Metafísica é que, ao invés de estabelecer uma nova doutrina, o exame dos predecessores serve para confirmar os próprios conceitos aristotélicos, os quais ele usa para avaliar os êxitos e os erros das doutrinas analisadas. Essa imposição de conceitos próprios lhe valeu a acusação de ter uma compreensão histórica distorcida. Com a análise detalhada das críticas da teoria platônica das Idéias na Metafísica I, 9, pretendemos mostrar: a que as críticas de manipulação e distorção das opiniões dos seus antecessores ofuscam o grau em que as suas próprias posições emergem de uma análise crítica do pensamento anterior; e b que a imposição de conceitos próprios não é uma distorção, mas uma proposta de solução para os problemas que as teorias anteriores deixaram sem solução.

    The use of critical exposition of previous doctrines is a methodological procedure usual in Aristotle. But the distinctive characteristic of Book I of the Metaphysics is that, rather than to establish a new doctrine, a review of  predecessors serves to confirm the own concepts to be used in the evaluation of the doctrines examined. This imposition of own terms has cost him the charge of distorting historical understanding. With the detailed analysis of the criticisms of Plato's theory of Ideas in Metaphysics I, 9, we intend to show a that the criticism of manipulation and distortion of his predecessors' views overshadow the degree to which Aristotle's own positions emerge from a critical review of previous thought and b that the

  20. 柏拉图的“学习即回忆”与分析性默会知识%Plato's“learning is recollection” and Tacit Knowledge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    芮夕捷

    2015-01-01

    Abstracts:In Phaedo ,Plato tried to prove the proposition “learning is recollection” based on hu‐man perception of “equality” ,but the process of reasoning is invalid because of his'misunderstanding of logic priority as time priority .In Meno ,he attempted to illustrate the proposition through the dia‐logues between Socrates and Meno's slave .However ,the knowledge involved in the experiment is a kind of analytic tacit knowledge ,and the process in getting it essentially lies in discovering the tacit knowledge that is implied in cognitive subjects'related explicit knowledge but never appearing in his awareness ,and converting it into explicit knowledge .The experiment with Meno'little slave doesn't prove the proposition “learning is recollection” ,but the process in conversion of analytic tacit knowl‐edge to explicit knowledge has great implications for today's creative studies of organizational knowl‐edge .The tacit knowledge in analytic form has a complex structure .The realization of the conversion from analytic tacit knowledge to explicit knowledge is an important way of creation of organizational knowledge ,and requires persistent efforts on the part of cognitive subjects .%在《斐多篇》中柏拉图基于人们拥有“相等”的概念对“学习即回忆”进行了论证,但论证错误地将逻辑在先混淆成了时间在先。在《美诺篇》中柏拉图试图利用苏格拉底与美诺的僮奴的对话实验证明“学习即回忆”,然而实验所涉及的知识属分析性默会知识,它的获得过程本质上在于发现蕴涵于认知主体相关显式知识中但又不曾为其所意识的默会知识,并将其转变为显式知识。僮奴实验虽未能证明“学习即回忆”,但其中所涉及的分析性默会知识向显式知识的转变过程对当代组织知识创造研究具有借鉴意义。分析性默会知识具有较为复杂的结构,实现分析性默会知识向显式知识的转

  1. The Plato statistical analysis and countermeasures of internal fixation demolition mishandling%内固定拆除物处置不当的柏拉图统计分析与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马慧仙; 章霞红; 汪怡翠; 郑剑英

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过质量管理提高内固定拆除物的处理质量,防止纠纷的发生。方法:用柏拉图方法对不良数据进行收集,用鱼骨图进行原因分析,根据原因提出对策,制定措施,进行PDCA。结果:通过柏拉图分析,使得内固定拆除物处理的进步率达到了78%,合格率达到了93%。结论:用柏拉图分析等QC手法对内固定拆除物处理质量进行改进,是一种行之有效的方法。%To improve the quality of internal fixation demolition processing by the quality management methods , thus to prevent the occurrence of disputes .[Method] The data of internal fixation demolition mishandling was collected and an-alyzed by fishbone diagram .According to the reasons ,we put forward countermeasures ,set out measures and carried out plan-do-check action cycle (PDCA) .[Result] The progress rate of internal fixation demolition handling was 78% and the qual-ified rate was 93% with Plato analysis . [Conclusion ] The Plato analysis is one of the effective methods to improve the quality of internal fixation demolition processing by the quality management methods.

  2. “字不同迹而理同,教不同术而认同”——伊斯兰经典与《论语》相通知识论对比研究%A Comparative Study on the Similar Theories of Knowledge Between the Islamic Classics and the Analects of Confucius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鹏

    2012-01-01

    伊斯兰文化体系中的知识论集中在伊斯兰最高经典《古兰经》与记录至圣穆罕默德言行的“圣训”中。《论语》中所记录的孔子对知识话题的叙述则是传统儒家知识论的本体。对比上述两种知识论可知,虽然源于二者所归属的文化母体的本质不同而呈现出差异,但采持一个宏阔的视阈又能发现,无论是伊斯兰文化还是儒家文化,都包含着普遍意义上的知识、知识者和求知活动等主题的论述,而在这一层面上是不受民族、国界与文化背景拘圃的。文章力图以此为立意中心,以《古兰经》、“圣训”与《论语》三种经典文本为立论平台,进行一次跨文化比较的尝试。%Human beings' exploration on the relevant topics of knowledge and the various concepts formed in the process constitute the theory of knowledge. The theory of knowledge in the system of Islamic culture lies in The Koran which is the supreme Islamic classics and The Hadith which depicts the words and deeds of Mohamed. Confu- cius' narration on the topics of knowledge recorded in The Analects of Confucius is the essence of the traditional Confucian theory of knowledge. By comparing the two theories of knowledge, it could be discovered that they both have a reference to the knowledge, the knowledge pursuer and the learning activity in a general sense, which is not restrained by nation, national boundary and cultural background, although they take on a different look attributed to the different natures of their cultures. Having this concept in mind, this thesis is trying to make a cross cultural comparison based on the classic texts of The Koran, The Hadith and The Analects of Confucius.

  3. 晚清《论语》诠释路径之考察--以刘恭冕《论语述》为中心%The Methodological Study of The Analects of Confucius in the Late Qing Dynasty---The Investigation of Liu Gongmian’s Account for Lun Yu Centered

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高瑞杰

    2014-01-01

    With the rise of the Changzhou School in the late Qing Dynasty, many Confucianists gradually began to ease the gap between Han Dynasty and Song Dynasty of learning, and the reform and change in Han learning sprung up. Within the study of Confucius classics, there was an upsurge of Gongyang to explain Confucius classics, especially famous for the collection of the Analects Note. For Liu Fenglu’s Lun Yu Shu He, many descendants criticized it because it was far-fetched. Compared with Lun Yu Shu He, Liu Gongmian’s Lun Yu Zhu Xun had many merits, such as it was conscientiously sum up, it could demonstrate deep meaning, it had its own conclusion, and it could convince people because of rigorously argument. Liu identified the“Crownless King” righteous of the present era, and produce a fusion of matter and reason. Therefore, he became unique in the group of studying the Analects in the Gongyang period in the late Qing Dynasty, which played a very important role for those who do research on Analects and should be affirmed.%随着晚清常州公羊学派的兴起,诸儒逐渐开始舒缓汉宋之防,汉学的自我更新亦随之兴起。经学研究内部出现了一股以《公羊》解《论语》的热潮,尤以辑录何休《论语注训》为盛。其中,刘逢禄的《论语述何》被后人批评为师心自用,而有“郢书燕说”之讥;相比之下,刘恭冕的《论语注训》,或兢兢于辑录,或引申其说,间裁断于己,而又论证严谨,令人信服。刘氏以朴实的乾嘉学风为根基,去认同今文家的素王大义,故而产生一种事与理的融通,在晚清群经公羊化学潮中独树一帜,并对后学产生一定影响,应予肯定。

  4. 城市文化特色街区旅游开发存在问题及优化对策——以南京夫子庙为例%The tourism development problems of city culture blocks and the optimized countermeasures--Confucius Temple in Nanjin~ as effiAmple

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王颖

    2012-01-01

    城市文化特色街区一般都拥有丰厚的历史文化底蕴,在此基础上又具备旅游、观光、休闲和购物等功能,成为集城市代表性文化、商业发展于一体的城市地标性观光旅游、休闲娱乐场所。本文以南京夫子庙为例,在概述城市文化特色街区的基础上,分析其具有交通便利、文化深厚、商业氛围浓郁、民俗风情突出、名胜古迹众多等特征,进而总结其开发中存在的问题,针对问题提出优化发展对1策。作者通过实地走访调研,初步探讨了南京夫子庙的优化开发策略,以期为同类型的城市文化特色街区的优化开发提供参考意见。%Generally speaking,city culture blocks have rich historical and cultural inside information, based on these, they have the function of sightseeing, leisure, tourism and shopping, set to become the place of tourism, leisure, and entertainment, which have the symbol culture of the city and developed commerce. Taking Confucius Temple in Nanjing as example, this paper overviews the city culture blocks, summarizes their characteristics such as convenient transportation, profound cultural foundation, full-bodied commercial atmosphere, outstanding folk customs, lots of places of historic interests, and analyses the problems existing in the development .Aiming at these problems, countermeasures have been investigated. Through Field visit investigation, the author discusses the development strategy of Nanjing Confucius Temple initially. We hope this paper can provide reference opin- ions for the same type of city culture blocks.

  5. The Comparison of Artistic Views Between Lev Tolstoy and Confucius——On the basis of Lev Tolstoy's What Is Art and Confucius' Views on the Social Function of Poetry%列夫·托尔斯泰和孔子文艺观之比较——以《什么是艺术》和"兴观群怨"为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何书岚

    2015-01-01

    列夫·托尔斯泰和孔子是不同时代、不同民族的文化哲人,他们的文艺观在关于文艺与人心、文艺与社会等问题上,有很多相似之处.托尔斯泰认为真正的艺术应表现具有人类共通性的感情,能起到团结整个人类的作用;而这也正是孔子的"兴"与"群"的涵义.虽然两位哲人的文艺观也存在某些差异,但重要的是提醒我们,比较文学的确要多关注不同文学传统中具有共通内涵的命题和观念.%Although Lev Tolstoy and Confucius are from different eras and different nations, they share some similarities on artistic views such as on the relation between art and humanity, literature and society. Tolstoy thinks the real art can speak out common emotions of humans and can play the role of uniting the entire community, which is just in accordance with Confucius' views on the social function of poetry. There naturally exist some differences between the artistic views of the two philosophers, which more importantly reminds us of the importance of paying more attention to the connotation of the common propositions and views from different literary traditions as for comparative literature.

  6. 柏拉图论“诗与哲学之争”的政治哲学思考%Thinking on the Comments on “Quarrel about Poetry and Philosophy” by Plato from the Perspective of Political Philosophy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁建东

    2013-01-01

    In The Republic, Plato criticized poetry and poets, which caused the quarrel about poetry and philosophy in the history of western thoughts. The death of Socrates awaked Plato to that the politicians educat-ed by ancient Athens education, which was characterized by poetry controlling the government in Athens, re-jected truly advantageous proposals for Athens City States and caused harm to people of true wisdom. Poetry is the destruction of soul and national ruling. The quarrel about poetry and philosophy is actually the quarrel about political system and life style. Poetry which represents common people�s daily life is the patriarchal clan life that most people in city state live, and is closely identified with the political community. Philosophy represents a new life that a few people live to pursue wisdom, and it would inevitably clash with the polis political commu-nity.%  古希腊哲人柏拉图在其《理想国》中批判诗和诗人,引发了西方思想史上的“诗与哲学之争”。苏格拉底之死使柏拉图认识到,被以诗为主要内容的雅典教育培养出的政客把持着雅典政府,拒绝对城邦真正有利的提议,并对真正有智慧的人实施了伤害。诗是对灵魂与国家统治的败坏。诗与哲学之争实质上是政治制度和生活方式之争。诗代表了普通民众的日常生活,是城邦中多数人过的宗法生活,与城邦政治共同体密不可分;哲学则代表了一种新兴的生活,是少数人过的追求智慧的生活,与城邦政治共同体必然发生冲突。

  7. Influencia de la distancia entre la tobera y el plato deflector, en la calidad de la aspersión, de las boquillas difusoras de baja presión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Domínguez G.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se muestran los resultados de evaluaciones, en el laboratorio hidráulico, de un prototipo de nueva boquilla difusora. En el estudio se evaluaron diferentes distancias entre las toberas y la superficie del deflector del Instituto de Investigaciones de Riego y Drenaje (IIRD, para un orificio con diámetro de salida de 2.5 mm y presiones de 1.0,1.5,2.0 atmósferas; el que fue comparado con el plato deflector UNIRAIN SP 4, español. Para la prueba se utilizó la norma ISO 8026-1995, se aseguró, una velocidad del viento cero. Como receptores se emplearon vasos cónicos, con superficie de 66.76 cm2, espaciados a 25 cm; las mediciones se efectuaron en los cuatro radios del área humedecida. Como resultado, se tiene que el deflector IIRD, ubicado a 20 mm de distancia de la tobera, y el español situado a 42 mm, no presentaron diferencia significativa para el 5 y 1 % de probalidad, con errores típicos de 0.14 y 0.23 respectivamente

  8. 柏拉图分析法在临床案例安全风险识别中的应用%Application of Plato analysis method in identifying the security risks of the clinical cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小金; 陈雪霞; 林少玲; 成守珍

    2016-01-01

    Objective To apply Plato analysis method to clinical cases which were reported from clinical nursing, finding out the key link of the risks which were related to the cases:the key age, the key period, the key spectrum of disease and the key projects, etc. To carry out the feedforward control of the quality of care, and ensure the quality and safety of nursing. Methods A database were set up including clinical special cases, high-risk cases, security hidden danger cases and emergency cases. The"two eight"principle of Plato analysis method was used to find out the main factors, the principal contradiction, the key hazard and the key problems of the cases, etc. The aim was to provide guidelines of risk analysis, risk prevention and risk aversion for nurses, and improve their consciousness of security hidden danger, and reduce security hidden danger cases. Results The results of 207 cases collected from 2014 to 2015 showed that the main risks involved the age groups were 41-80 years old and 21-30 years old. The major risks involved the spectrum of disease were the nervous system, cardiovascular disease, surgical anesthesia related problems, kidney disease, cancer and respiratory system. The major risks involved the time were the midnight, morning and afternoon. The major risks involved the locations were sickroom, emergency room, auxiliary inspection departments and outpatient. The major risks involved items were disease mutation, psychological problems, medication safety and instrument safety, among the disease mutation, timely discovered, rescued 13 patients with heart and breathing pause, stop 13 patients who attempted suicide. Since the Plato analysis method was applied to identify the security risks of the clinical cases, the number of falling, all kinds of pipe shed, skin problems and suicides were decreased from 6, 6, 7, 5 in 2014 to 2, 2, 2, 1 in 2015, declining trend year by year. Conclusions Applying the Plato analysis method to identify the security risks

  9. 需家孝道伦理的本质与功能刍议——兼论孔子与孝道伦理政治化%On the Nature and Function of the Filial Ethics of Confucianism--With Exposition on the Politicization of Confucius and Filial Ethics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王垒

    2011-01-01

    最初朴素的孝亲意识重在拜祭祖先和敬老养老,原本并未包含绝对服从君长的要求。自孔子创始为孝文化灌注以忠顺原则为核心的价值精神,从而为后来中国父家长制式的专制统治贡献了以孝治天下的政治策略——儒家孝道伦理。儒家孝道伦理体现了传统父家长制的家庭伦常与专制政治纲纪的紧密结合,构成中国专制主义等级统治的思想基础。虽然它在历史上曾起过进步作用,但毕竟有违近代自由、民主、平等精神,今天仍必须进行更深入的理性批判。%The original filial consciousness, which gives emphasis on the worship of the ancestors and the respect and providing for the old, contains no requirements of the absolute obedience to the monarch. Confucius instills the value of loyalty and obedience into the filial culture and contributes to the Chinese paternalism and autocracy the political strategy the filial ethics of Confucianism, which reflects the close combination of the traditional paternalism of family ethics with the autocratic politics and constitutes the ideological foundation of the hierarchical autocracy. Although the filial ethics has played a progressive role in history, it does not agree with the modern spirit of liberty, democracy and equality and thus needs more rational criticism.

  10. 孔子学院的西渐之道——佛教与基督教东传的启示%The Westward Spread of Confucius Institutes——Enlightenment of the Eastward Spread of Buddhism and Christianity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雅莉; 邱新有

    2011-01-01

    From the perspective of cross-cultural communication,drawing on the strategy of the eastward spread of Buddhism and Christianity,the paper contrasts from three aspects:the attitude of Buddhism and Christianity towards mainstream culture,the choice of communications content and the shaping of communicators' image,and excavates the inspiration value of the westward spread of Confucius institutes.The paper thinks the road of the Buddhism culture adaptation is more conducive to the exchange and integration between Sinology and Western multicultural.In the spread of Sinology we should "seek common ground on major issues while reserving minor differences,make up for his shortcomings with my difference",spread the way of "principle" with the way of "adaptation",and set up the way of "image" to achieve tolerance and acceptance of Western.%本文从跨文化传播的角度,以佛教与基督教的东传策略为借鉴,从两者对待主流文化的态度、传播内容的选择和传者形象的塑造三个方面进行对比,挖掘其对孔子学院西传的启发价值。本文认为佛教所走的文化适应之道更有利于汉学与西方多元文化的交流与融合。汉学传播要本着"求大同存小异,以我异补其缺"精神,以"适应"之道,传"理"之道,树"形"之道实现西学的包容和接受。

  11. Imitating Classicsand Saint,Cultivating the Great Wayof Confucius:Astudy on the Historic Influence of Yang Xiong' s Interpretation to Confucian Classics%拟经拟圣,匡扶大道——扬雄经学诠释的历史影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴龙灿

    2015-01-01

    The three works of Yang Xiong , The Great Mystery , Model Saying and Dialect , established his significant status in Chinese academic history , which not only had many of his documents ordered and his i-dea of philosophy studied , but also had great influence on main current of academic thoughts after his time . There is profound influence on the tradition of imitating classics , direction turning of the study of Confucian Classics between western and eastern Han dynasties , criticizing atmospheres of eastern Han dynasty , the de-velopment of new metaphysics in Wei and Jin dynasties , and Confucius classic system constructing and prin-ciple interpreting of Neo-Confucianism .The study and research on Yang Xiong ' s value and meaning will make better inheriting and developing of those traditional academics today .%《太玄》《法言》《方言》三部经学诠释著作,确立了扬雄在中国学术史上的重要地位,其著述不仅在后世有大量的整理和研究,而且对后世学术思想主流产生了重要影响. 经学体例"拟经"传统的形成,两汉之际经学诠释转向,东汉儒学的批判思潮兴盛,魏晋玄学的形成和发展,宋明理学的经典建构和义理诠释等,都有扬雄经学的深刻影响. 了解和研究扬雄经学的历史价值和当代意义能更好地继承和发展扬雄奠定的经学、蜀学优良学术传统.

  12. Alternativa de protección contra la corrosión del acero AISI 310S mediante recubrimiento de aluminio bajo condiciones de platos separadores en celdas de combustible de carbonatos fundidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Orozco-Cruz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La celda de combustible de carbonatos fundidos (MCFC, por sus siglas en inglés convencional opera a 650°C. Consiste de un cátodo de NiO poroso y litiado, una mezcla eutéctica de carbonato de litio (Li2CO3 y carbonato de potasio (K2CO3 fundido en una matriz electrolitica de óxido de aluminio litiado (LiAlO2 y un ánodo poroso de Ni. Los platos separadores entre cada celda presentan problemas de corrosión. Ante eso, un acero inoxidable AISI 310S con recubrimiento fue estudiado en condiciones de un plato separador en una MCFC. Método: Se utilizó un acero inoxidable AISI 310S como sustrato (muestra A, aplicándole un recubrimiento de Al con (B y sin tratamiento térmico (C. Fueron expuestos en carbonatos fundidos (62 mol% Li2CO3 -38 mol% K2CO3 a 650 °C en crisoles de alúmina. El comportamiento electroquímico fue estudiado mediante la técnica de Espectroscopía de Impedancia Electroquimica (EIS. Para el análisis de los diagramas de impedancia, se utilizó el software de simulación “Boukamp Equivalent Circuit”. La sección transversal de las muestras corroídas fue caracterizada mediante Microscopía Electrónica de Barrido (SEM, por sus siglas en inglés y los productos formados por Difracción de rayos X (XRD, por sus siglas en inglés. Resultados: Los diagramas de EIS presentan aumentos y disminuciones en los semicírculos formados a altas frecuencias indicativo de disolución de la capa externa, aumento y disminución de la resistencia de esta última así como el posible rompimiento de ella. La técnica de XRD presentó fases LiFeO2, LiCrO2, -LiAlO2 y -LiAlO2 así como fases intermetálicas para las distintas condiciones de la muestra. De la misma manera, los análisis de SEM presentaron los espesores de cada una de las capas formadas. Discusión o Conclusión: En la muestra A, se formaron capas de LiFeO2 y LiCrO2 después de 200 horas de exposición. La capa de LiCrO2 aumenta por la difusión de Li hacia el

  13. Parmenide e Platone (e Aristotele nel Contro Colote di Plutarco Parménide et Platon (et Aristote dans le Contre Colotès de Plutarque Parmenides and Plato (and Aristotle in Plutarch's Against Colotes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Bonazzi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The chapters dedicated to Parmenides and Plato play a decisive role in the composition strategy of the Adversus Colotem, since this is where Plutarch most clearly defines the background dualist thesis that will help demonstrate that Platonism is superior to Epicurism. By showing Parmenides too as a dualist engaged in distinguishing between the sensible and the intelligible world, Plutarch structures a history of ancient philosophy entirely focused on Plato. These chapters also bear witness of another centre of interest, namely Aristoteles (§ 14, who, despite the criticism he aimed at the theory of ideas, is not completely refuted, but rather used as a possible ally against epicurean materialists, Plutarch’s true bête noire.Les chapitres consacrés à Parménide et Platon jouent un rôle décisif dans la stratégie de composition de l’Adversus Colotem : c’est là en effet que Plutarque définit de la manière la plus claire la thèse dualiste de fond qui va servir à démontrer la supériorité du platonisme sur l’épicurisme. En présentant Parménide lui aussi comme un dualiste occupé à distinguer entre monde sensible et monde intelligible, Plutarque articule une histoire de la philosophie antique entièrement centrée sur Platon. Les chapitres témoignent ensuite d’un autre centre d’intérêt, avec la mention d’Aristote (§ 14, lequel, malgré les critiques qu’il adresse à la théorie des idées, n’est pas complètement réfuté, mais plutôt utilisé comme un allié possible contre les matérialistes épicuriens, la véritable « bête noire » de Plutarque.I capitoli dedicati a Parmenide e Platone giocano un ruolo decisivo nella strategia compositiva dell’Adversus Colotem: è qui infatti che Plutarco delinea nel modo più chiaro la tesi dualistica di fondo che servirà a dimostrare la superiorità del platonismo sull’epicureismo. Presentando anche Parmenide come un dualista, impegnato a distinguere tra mondo

  14. La Traditio Legis de Cristo a Pedro y Pablo en un plato de vidrio de Cástulo, Linares (Jaén = Traditio Legis of Christ to Peter and Paul in a glass bowl from Cástulo, Linares (Jaén

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Mª Blázquez

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo analizamos la iconografía de un plato de vidrio encontrado en Cástulo con la representación de la Tradicio legis o transmisión de la ley de Cristo a los apóstoles Pedro y Pablo.In this paper we analyze the iconography of a glass bowl found in Cástulo showing the representation of the Traditio legis, or «transmission of the law» of Christ to apostles Peter and Paul.

  15. 基于城市记忆的传统文化旅游地空间溯源--以南京夫子庙秦淮风光带为例%Tracing to Space of Traditional and Cultural Tourism Destination from the Perspective of City Memory:The Case of Confucius Temple of Qinhuai River of Nanjing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周玮

    2016-01-01

    基于城市记忆视角,选取南京夫子庙秦淮风光带作为传统文化旅游地的典型个案,以古代六朝至近代中华民国时段为界,分类梳理古地图、古诗词、古画卷、老照片等图文史料,结合符号学和质性研究方法,从地理和文化空间2个层面,溯源其历史发展过程,探究其空间演化特征。研究结果凸显了夫子庙秦淮风光带在南京城市发展变迁中担负的城市记忆表征、民族文化传承、市井生活繁衍及地方特色沿袭等重要功能,为传统文化旅游地及城市文化空间的科学规划和健康发展提供参考借鉴。%From the perspective of city memory, the paper selected Confucius Temple of Qinhuai River of Nanjing as the typical case by method of qualitative research and analyzed the historic and graphic data such as ancient map, ancient poetry, old scroll, etc. From two views including geographical and cultural space, the histori-cal development of case was traced and characteristics of spatial evolution were studied. The results display that with the development of Nanjing the case has the important role such as city memory, cultural inheritance, life multiply, etc. which can provide reference for the development of traditional and cultural tourism destination as well as the conflict remission between urban development and memory protection.

  16. The Evolution of Learning the Works of Ancient Philosophers Other Than Those of Confucius from the Perspective of Bibliography%目录学视野中的子学演变--以《汉志》《隋志》《四库总目》之子部书目为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪泽

    2015-01-01

    Based on the category of philosophy of The Book of Arts and Literature of the Chronicles of Han Dynasty ,The Book of Classic of the Chronicles of the Sui Dynasty and Imperial Collection of Four Division ,with the help of other public and private bibliographies ,investigating the establishment and adjustment of categories ,the author finds that learning the category of philosophy has the following evo-lution rules :declining of the theory of the pre-Qin Dynasty’nine schools of philosophy ,realization of the unity of the concept for “novel”both in the ancient and modern times ,the status promotion of practi-cal and technical books ,the directory editors from Han and Qing Dynasties having lower evaluation of learning the category of philosophy and the works of ancient philosophers other than those of Confucius. On the basis of the investigation ,the article sums up the various relations between studies and skills ,aca-demics and thoughts and social culture in the evolution process of learning works of ancient Chinese philos-ophers.%由《汉书·艺文志》《隋书·经籍志》《四库全书总目》的子部目录出发,辅以其他公私书目,通过对部类成立、类目调整现象的考察,发现子学具有如下演变规律:先秦九流学说走向没落;“小说”实现古今名实合一;实用技术类书籍地位提升;由汉至清目录编者对子学、子书的评价逐渐降低。在此基础上,总结出中国古代子学演变过程中所体现的学与术,学术与思想,学术思想与社会文化的种种关系。

  17. 教育之"道"与"术"——柏拉图《理想国》中的教育理念解读%Principles and Techniques in Education——an Interpretation of the Educational Philosophy in The Republic by Plato

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晶; 连幼平

    2011-01-01

    The Republic of Plato is well known for its broad and profound ideas, yet this paper only intends to make a preliminary analysis of the educational principles and techniques in Plato's philosophy while he was on his way of forging an ideal polis.Education is,in essence,a skill of helping turn the soul of the educated into the right direction as well as a skill of cultivating virtues on the part of the educated.The above are the principles educators shall follow in the process of education, leaving the program layout, teaching contents and methods as the specific educational techniques while carrying out the educational principles.%柏拉图的思想博大精深,本文仅对其教育思想体系中涉及的教育之"道":教育是"灵魂的转向"、教育是美德的养成;以及教育过程中所遵循的原则、内容和教学方法等教育之"术"做了初步探讨.

  18. Mimesis and ideology - from Plato to Althusser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolar Mladen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The moment one imitates something, it sticks, it marks the imitator, there is no innocent imitation. Imitation necessarily affects the one who imitates, for better or (usually for worse, and the making of a simple copy of something necessarily affects the original. This is perhaps the briefest way to describe Plato’s concerns about the nature of mimesis in the Republic. The purpose of this paper is to give a brief account of looking at the mysterious magic powers of mimesis and of attempts to counteract them. The topic is massive, so the paper will concentrate on a few perspectives, starting with the theatrical parable of St. Genesius, leading to Pascal and to Althusser’s theory of ideology, then scrutinizing the ways in which modernity tried to disentangle itself from mimesis (Brecht’s estrangement, Irigaray’s femininity as mimesis, Badiou’s anti-mimetic stance, Freud’s account of magic and Lacan’s account of enjoyment. What is the real of the mimetic spell which has so vastly ramified aesthetic and political consequences? The paper proposes a defense of mimesis, claiming that modernity, by relegating the traditional art to the past of mimesis and representation, thereby maintained a disavowed kernel of mimesis at its core.

  19. Plato: White and Non-white Love

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amo Sulaiman

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Plato’s dialogues, the Symposium, and Phaedrus, provide a reasonableexplanation of love. G. Vlastos and M. Nussbaum do not share such anopinion. The former contends that Plato’s view of love is about lovingonly a person’s beauty, but not the entire person; thus, it falls short of anappropriate explanation of love. The latter holds that a theory of love should be complete, and that Plato’s one is incomplete on the grounds that it does not account for personal love. These criticisms will be re-evaluated in light of the duality of love (the white and non-white horses—in Phaedrus as well as participants’ views in the Symposium; a re-assessment will weaken the mentioned objections. This paper contends that from the Symposium and Phaedrus, one can have a fruitful understanding of being in love, being out of love, falling inlove, loving for its own sake and being erotically in love. In order to account for these related issues of love it is important to consider Plato’s works in terms of his “official” and “unofficial” views. The former is construed as the doctrine of the lover or loving for its own sake: this is associates with Diotima’s views which are repeated by Socrates. With reference to the latter, it is possible to explain what personal love or being in love, being out of love, falling in love, and being erotically in love involve. Erotic love will be interpreted as an extension of our philosophical conception of love, related to views of love that are mentioned in the Symposium other than Socrates’ report of Diotima’s conceptions. This paper is divided into two parts: the first one will show views of love in the Symposium. That is, being in love, being out of love, falling in love and loving for its own sake will be discussed. In addition, the forementioned criticisms will be re-evaluated. In the second section, we will show that Aristophanes’ speech expresses erotic love, and then Kant’s objections will be explained and discussed.

  20. The PLATO 2.0 Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godolt, Mareike; Rauer, Heike; Plato Consortium

    2015-07-01

    The CHaracterising ExOPlanet Satellite (CHEOPS) is a joint ESA-Switzerland space mission dedicated to search for exoplanet transits by means of ultra-high precision photometry. It is expected to be launch-ready at the end of 2017. CHEOPS will be the first space observatory dedicated to search for transits on bright stars already known to host planets. It will have access to more than 70% of the sky. This will provide the unique capability of determining accurate radii for planets for which the mass has already been estimated from ground-based spectroscopic surveys and for new planets discovered by the next generation ground-based transits surveys (Neptune-size and smaller). The measurement of the radius of a planet from its transit combined with the determination of its mass through radial velocity techniques gives the bulk density of the planet, which provides direct insights into the structure and/or composition of the body. In order to meet the scientific objectives, a number of requirements have been derived that drive the design of CHEOPS. For the detection of Earth and super-Earth planets orbiting G5 dwarf stars with V-band magnitudes in the range 6 V 9 mag, a photometric precision of 20 ppm in 6 hours of integration time must be reached. This time corresponds to the transit duration of a planet with a revolution period of 50 days. In the case of Neptune-size planets orbiting K-type dwarf with magnitudes as faint as V=12 mag, a photometric precision of 85 ppm in 3 hours of integration time must be reached. The CHEOPS mission payload consists of only one instrument, a space telescope of 30 cm clear aperture, which has a single CCD focal plane detector. The total required duration of the CHEOPS mission is estimated to be 3.5 years (goal: 5 years).

  1. EDUCATION FOR SALVATION: PLATO'S CONCEPTION OF THE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    which he held very dear to his own philosophy it is the teaching that the best life .... present condition of "amatheia "which means "double ignorance".9. The tragedy ... which of our desires are good and which are bad, but instead we are driven to the ... dreaming.20 Dialectic is the method or process of thought upon which is ...

  2. The GUIDO System and the PLATO Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arenson, Michael A.; Hofstetter, Fred T.

    1983-01-01

    The GUIDO system offers programing in ear training and theory for kindergarten through college levels, using high-resolution graphics, touch input, and a sound synthesizer. Ear training includes intervals, melodies, chord qualities, harmonies, and rhythm. Theory covers octave designation, beat units, scales, intervals, diatonic chords,…

  3. Aristotle vs. Plato: The Balkans' Paradoxical Enlightenment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Michalopoulos

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available As it occurred in West, Aristotle’s thought was in Byzantium the main organon of philosophical meditation within the frame of the Christian Faith. Nonetheless, from the ninth century on it was a revival of Platonism that took place – of Neo-Platonism at the beginning and of Platonism itself at the end. The Church, initially indifferent, became suspicious only when, at the turning of the fourteenth to the fifteenth century, the Platonism seemed to engender somewhat a latent paganism; but the Patriarchate was not then able to fight that tendency. So only after the 1453 capture of Constantinople by the Ottomans, Gennadius Scholarius managed to root out from the Greek lands Platonism and its crypto-pagan extension. Be that as it may; the main paradox of the Balkan history is that in the early seventeenth century some leading Greek scholars endorsed the materialist interpretation of Aristotle’s thought – as it was taught in the University of Padua by Cesare Cremonini; and as a corollary this materialistic philosophical system began being taught in both Constantinople and Athens. It was that very way that the Enlightenment took birth in the Balkans – and somehow became a State ideology - long before its prevalence in France. And of course all this had as a result a turn toward Physics and Chemistry with far-reaching consequences

  4. Prevenção domiciliar da dengue: avaliação preliminar de tela protetora para pratos de vasos de planta Prevención domiciliar de la dengue: evaluación preliminar de tela protectora para platos de macetas de planta Dengue prevention at the household level: preliminary evaluation of a mesh cover for flowerpot saucers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virgínia Torres Schall

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se em laboratório a eficácia de um protótipo de capa de tela de poliéster (evidengue® destinada a vedar o acesso de fêmeas do mosquito Aedes aegypti a pratos de vasos de planta. Dois pratos de vasos com água foram envolvidos individualmente com a capa e colocados com os seus respectivos vasos em duas gaiolas entomológicas, um em cada gaiola. Numa terceira gaiola foi colocado um conjunto idêntico de prato e vasos sem a capa. Cada gaiola recebeu 20 fêmeas copuladas do mosquito, alimentadas com sangue de camundongo. Os resultados mostram que a capa foi eficaz como barreira ao acesso de fêmeas. Novos testes são necessários para se avaliar a eficácia da capa como dispositivo de prevenção da ovipostura nos pratos.Se evaluó en laboratorio la eficiencia de una cubierta de tela de polyester (evidengue® con el objetivo de vedar el acceso de hembras del mosquito Aedes aegypti a platos de macetas de planta. Fueron utilizadas tres jaulas entomológicas, dos de ellas con evidengue® y una para control. En cada jaula fueron colocados dos conjuntos de macetas de planta y platos y 20 hembras copuladas, alimentadas con sangre de ratón. Los resultados muestran que la cubierta fue eficaz como barrera al acceso de hembras. Nuevas pruebas son necesarias para evaluar la eficiencia de la cubierta como dispositivo de prevención de la oviposición en los platos.The effectiveness of a polyester mesh cover (evidengue®, aimed at preventing the access of female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes to flowerpot saucers, was evaluated in laboratory. Two saucers of flowerpot with water were individually wrapped with the cover was placed with their respective pots in two entomological cages. One identical set of flowerpot and saucer was placed in a third cage. In each cage, 20 gravid females, fed on mouse blood, were released. Results show that the cover was effective to prevent access of females. Further tests are necessary to assess cover effectiveness as a

  5. China’s Grand Strategy: From Confucius to Contemporary

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    deal with western powers through traditional hierarchical tributary The Portuguese were the first to establish a foothold at Macau and monopolize...in a stalemate, “it tested the limits of China’s cooperation with both the Soviet Union and North Korea”.23 Chinese strategy then also reflected...the late stage of growth will be abrupt, significant and likely to generate increasing anxiety within the PRC about its windows of opportunity for

  6. A Hopeful Lamp Shinesin the Home of Confucius and Mencius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    AHopefulLampShinesintheHomeofConfuciusandMenciusBySuCHUANDENGTWOthousandyearsago,thecityofJininginShandongProvincewashometotw...

  7. Interpreting and Expanding Confucius' Golden Mean through Neutrosophic Tetrad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fu Yuhua

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Neutrosophy is a new branch of philosophy that studies the origin, nature, and scope of neutralities, as well as their interactions with different ideational spectra. There are many similarities between The Golden Mean and Neutrosophy. Chinese and international scholars need to toil towards expanding and developing The Golden Mean, towards its "modernization" and "globalization".

  8. Confucius VS Socrates in “heuristic teaching theory”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白福梅; 李绍青

    2014-01-01

    <正>I.Introduction The"heuristic teaching theory"is world-famous;it is one of Confucius’greatest inventions.But many people think that it was invented by Socrates,an ancient Greek philosopher,which is no surprising to Western scholars who even can’t speak without mentioning Socrates.What is worse,in China there are many

  9. The Funnel and the Pump: Variations on a Theme by Martin Buber.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matott, Glenn

    This paper discusses the shift in recent years from a focus on product and method in teaching college composition to a philosophy that values the individual human experience as popularized by Sartrean existentialism. Such a philosophical orientation is viewed as both inappropriate and potentially dangerous because it values the individual as an…

  10. Merleau-Ponty and Buber on Seeing and Not Seeing the Other: Inclusion and Exclusion in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilherme, Alexandre; Freire, Ida Mara

    2015-01-01

    Merleau-Ponty's theory of "embodiment", of the body as mediator of the world, has been very influential in philosophical and educational circles. This is to say, according to the theory of "embodiment", the body is central to one's "understanding" of the world, to one's engagement with Others, as well as to one's…

  11. CAAPM: Computer-Aided Admissible Probability Measurement on PLATO IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-03-01

    late Renaissance paintings b. Byzantine mosaics c. gothic stained glass 2. Of the following, the watercolorist noted for seascapes is: a...Theodore Gericault *b. Winslow Homer c. Jacob Epstein 3. Which of the following Dutch artists is noted for his genre paint- ings? *a. Jan Steen b. Jan

  12. Plato's Child and the Limit-Points of Educational Theories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Bernadette

    2003-01-01

    Analyzes how the figure of the child has been used to authorize a series of boundaries that have been constituted the limit points of educational theories or philosophies. Concludes that the meaning-space that the child can occupy has been important to depicting Utopian and cosmological imaginings at different historical moments. (Contains 37…

  13. "From Plato to Pareto": The Western Civilization Course Reconsidered.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullaney, Marie Marmo

    1986-01-01

    Discusses the importance of historical study within general education. Reviews the rise and fall of the Western Civilization course as the core of general education in the humanities. Suggests ways a revised version of this course can be restored to a central place in the curriculum. (AYC)

  14. Rekindling the Dialogue: Education According to Plato and Dewey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Luchene, Stephen R.

    2004-01-01

    Since passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, thinking about America's schools has been taken over by something like philosopher Rene Descartes's malignant demon of doubt. The act's exclusive focus on assessing student achievement and faculty accountability in terms that can be "proved" mathematically has cast into doubt a…

  15. Plato, Socrates, Hunt, and Rotfeld: Eigenforms of Academic Collaboration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Louise Ripley

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available A number of academic institutions profess to offer Interdisciplinary Studies but few truly achieve it, and not without a great deal of effort over and above the normal workload of a professor and a level of patience and perseverance not found in many university students. This paper will report on a successful academic collaboration between two very different disciplines: philosophy and business. It will examine a course taught jointly by the two disciplines in a strategy of imbrication attempted by a college of York University in Toronto, Atkinson College, housing both liberal arts and professional school.

  16. Clio's kerstening. Pedagogische literatuurkritiek van Plato tot Luther

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Everts, G.

    2005-01-01

    Storytelling no longer occupies a central position in school education. The question of why this element has largely disappeared in standard school education has led us to an historical inquiry into the history of European institutional education. We found that this was the first time this question

  17. The History of Linguistics in Europe from Plato to 1600.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Vivien

    This book examines the history of western linguistics over a 2,000-year timespan, from its origins in ancient Greece up to the crucial moments of change in the Renaissance that lay the foundations of modern linguistics. The book explores how ideas about language over the centuries have changed to reflect changing modes of thinking. Twelve chapters…

  18. Plato, Pascal, and the Dynamics of Personal Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otte, Michael Friedrich; Campos, Tania M. M.; Abido, Alexandre S.

    2013-01-01

    Educational practices are to be based on proven scientific knowledge, not least because the function science has to perform in human culture consists of unifying practical skills and general beliefs, the episteme and the techne (Amsterdamski, 1975, pp. 43-44). Now, modern societies first of all presuppose regular and standardized ways of…

  19. plato and the teaching of entrepreneurship studies as general ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    JONATHAN

    2016-08-22

    Aug 22, 2016 ... Mgbakoigba, Journal of African Studies. Vol.6 No.1. July 2016. 1 ... The second worry is the growing global melt down and the increasing rate of ..... Entrepreneurship and management in Nigeria: The concept, philosophy and ...

  20. Plato and the Internet: Liberating Knowledge From Our Heads

    OpenAIRE

    O'Hara, Kieron

    2010-01-01

    My aim in this paper is to look at corporate knowledge engineering and see what it tells us about the philosophy of knowledge. The question I am asking is whether there is anything specific in engineering that could change our understanding of what or how we know. I am interested less in generating a theory of the relationship, rather more in raising a set of questions which I hope will stimulate a dialogue between the disciplines of knowledge and engineering. The distinguished computer scien...

  1. On the human communication methods of Confucius from "The Analects of Confucius"%从《论语》看孔子的人际交往之道

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉华

    2011-01-01

    孔子丰富的人际交往思想在里得到了集中的体现.其关于人际交往的原则、规范、价值观和目标诉求等人际交往之道,为我国人际交往方面伦理原则的确立奠定了理论基础,影响深远而流长.

  2. Estimación de la incertidumbre global de un procedimiento para la determinación de humedad por gravimetría en platos preparados (Raciones individuales de combate Nutritional analysis in ready meals (individual combat rations, Calculation of Uncertainty global estimated in a procedure for determination of moisture by gravimetric technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Pérez Grana

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Realizar una estimación de la incertidumbre de forma global para la determinación de humedad en platos preparados por gravimetría aprovechando los datos obtenidos en el proceso de validación. Material y métodos: Se analiza, mediante un diseño anidado, un material de referencia certificado (MRC con un contenido de humedad certificado de 61,8 ±0,7 g/100g. La estimación de la incertidumbre combinada, se halla aplicando la ley de propagación de la incertidumbre. La incertidumbre expandida se obtiene aplicando un factor de cobertura K=2 (nivel de confianza del 95%. Mediante la aproximación SUMU se añade el sesgo a la incertidumbre expandida. Resultados: El límite de repetibilidad y reproductibilidad, para un nivel de confianza del 95%, es igual a 0,58 % y 1,21 %, respectivamente. Se obtienen los siguientes valores de incertidumbre: duplicados (0,12%, precisión (0,44 %, trazabilidad/ sesgo (0,39 %, incertidumbre combinada (0,60 % e incertidumbre expandida corregida (1,38 %. Conclusiones: El uso de un diseño anidado (analista, instrumento, día, replicado, permite variar los factores de una forma ordenada, entre cada serie, y estimar la precisión intermedia debida a varios factores. El cálculo de la incertidumbre de forma global supone una ventaja en cuanto a simplicidad, especialmente para laboratorios con pocos recursos humanos y materiales. La inclusión del sesgo experimental no significativo como un componente de la incertidumbre tiende a evitar la infraestimación de la incertidumbre de los resultados.Objectives: The aim of this article was to estimate the uncertainty total for the determination of moisture in ready meals by gravimetric using data obtained in the validation process. Material and methods: Samples were analyzed by gravimetric method in certified reference material (CRM (moisture certificate content: 61.8 ± 0.7 a 100 g. in nested design. The combined uncertainty was estimated by applying the law of

  3. 'n Dialogiese kommunikasieteorie vanuit 'n Prakties-Teologiese perspektief

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. J. C. Pieterse

    1988-08-01

    Full Text Available A dialogical theory of communication from a practical theological perspective For our practical theological reflection on the communication of the gospel in ministry, we need a sound theory of communication. We choose for a dialogical theory of communication which suits the nature of Christian communication. This theory is developed with insights from theology and philosophy. The roots of a dialogical theory of communication are found in the thoughts of Socrates, Plato en Augustine. Kierkegaard is seen as the founder of the modern dialogical theory of communication, whilst the contributions of Buber, Jaspers, Gadamer and Habermas are traced. In an era of mass communication and propaganda, Christians need a communicative context where dialogue, freedom and an existential experience of God's love and grace can develop.

  4. Would Confucius benefit from psychotherapy? The compatibility of cognitive behaviour therapy and Chinese values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodges, Julie; Oei, Tian P S

    2007-05-01

    The purpose of the present paper is to explore the conceptual compatibility between cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and the common values of Chinese Culture. In order to address such a question, the distinctive processes attributed to CBT (e.g., teaching of skills, emphasis on homework, cognitive processes, present/future focus), as summarized in the meta-analysis by Blagys and Hilsenroth [(2002). Distinctive activities of cognitive-behavioral therapy: A review of the comparative psychotherapy process literature. Clinical Psychology Review, 22, 671-706], and the core values of Chinese Culture, determined through an integration of The Hofstede Project, [Hofstede, G.H. (1980). Culture's consequences: International differences in work related values. Beverly Hills: Sage]. The Chinese Value Survey [Chinese Culture Connection (1987). Chinese values and the search for culture-free dimensions of culture. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 18, 143-164]. The Schwartz Value Survey [Schwartz, S.H. (1994). Cultural dimensions of values: Towards an understanding of national differences. In Kim, U., Trandis, H.C., Katiticibasi, C., Choi, S.C., & Yoon, G. (eds.), Individualism and collectivism: Theory, method and application (pp. 85-119). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage] were used. A strong degree of compatibility between the two was found and it is argued that rather than developing new indigenized therapies, with some structural changes to the processes of CBT, this therapy can be effective for Chinese clients. It is further proposed that Chinese clients may benefit from challenging their irrational cognitions that are bound up in their strict adherence to social norms. Future recommendations for increasing the compatibility of CBT to Chinese culture are discussed.

  5. Confucius meets Weber or "Managerialism takes all"? Comparing civil servant values in China and the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Wal, Z.; Yang, L.

    2015-01-01

    This article assesses the validity of normative claims on how civil servant values in East Asian and Western European administrations differ. By triangulating quantitative and qualitative survey data from a sample of Chinese (n = 508) and Dutch (n = 238) civil servants, we aim to answer two main res

  6. 孔子的天道思想%The Dao of Heaven of Confucius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗磊

    2012-01-01

      The Dao of Heaven is an existence of both ubiquity and reality. For its universal existence, it is regarded as justice which is considered as an independent existence detached from the real world by Zhu Xi. And for its reality existence, it is viewed as a daily ordinary which contains a kind of inevitability.%  天道既是一种普遍的存在,也是一种现实的存在,就其普遍存在而言,天道就是天理,在朱熹那里天理是一种脱离了现实世界的独立存在。而从现实的存在来看,天道就是日用常行,包含着一种必然性。

  7. 孔子与苏格拉底%Confucius and Socrates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘民

    2004-01-01

    西方启发式源于苏格拉底的问答法,其教学具有"以教论学"的特征.东方启发式则体现出"以学论教"的特征.本文从两者对比的角度,看当代教学法发展的趋向.

  8. Of Chrysanthemums and Confucius: Some Impressions of Recent Japanese Educational Reforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janesick, Valerie J.

    1993-01-01

    Although Japanese public school curriculum is based on the U.S. model imposed during the postwar occupation years, it reflects a long, rich history of group solidarity and consensus, a strong aesthetic sense, and the spiritual influences of Shinto, Buddhism, and Confucianism. Japan's new 10-year education reform plan's emphasis on individual…

  9. Confucius, Mao, and Modernization: Social Studies in the People's Republic of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fouts, Jeffrey T.; Chan, Jack C. K.

    1996-01-01

    Describes the communist Chinese national curriculum in social studies, a broad term that includes moral and political education, as well as traditional subjects. Includes a sample moral and political education lesson, " Socialism is Good," and lists of several textbook contents and curriculum guides. Provides a brief educational history.…

  10. Confucius' Sermons on a Noble Man%孔子的君子论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周碧晴

    2000-01-01

    本文着眼于社会主义市场经济条件下人生价值观的矫正这一现实难题,从中国传统精神文化与当代精神文明建设的联通之处,深入考察解析了孔子关于君子人格的若干规范:在人生目标上志存高远;在人生涵养上知书达礼;在处世之道上忠恕守信;在人生得失上重义轻利;在人格形象上正大光明;在人生境界上和而不同等。把握上述君子人格内涵的精髓,不难领悟到中国传统教育所着力宣扬的儒家理想人格的理论魅力及其现实意义。

  11. Michel Serres' "Le Parasite" and Martin Buber's "I and Thou: Noise" in Informal Education Affecting "Dialogue" between Communities in Conflict in the Middle East

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilherme, Alex

    2015-01-01

    One issue that is often ignored in political theory is the problem of means and modes of communication affecting "dialogue" between parties. In this age of hyper communication, this is something particularly relevant. The point here is that, despite the ease with which we have access to both means and modes of communication, there…

  12. 英国Peninsula Group Confucius Classroom参加全英汉语口语大赛

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    2012年12月3日,由英国文化协会(BHtish Council)和HSBC主办的“全英汉语口语大赛”在协办方伦敦大学教育学院的Bloomsbury剧院如期举行。本次比赛属英格兰地区预赛,选手来自英格兰各地中学。

  13. 《孔子》戏里戏外情%Friendship of Two Showbiz Stars in the Shooting of Confucius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈元

    2010-01-01

    @@ 电影在全球公映后,观众毫无悬念地记住了两个人:演孔子的周润发和演颜回的任泉.特别是看"颜回救书"那场戏,很多人被感动得落泪了,纷纷称赞周润发与任泉的表演精彩.

  14. 《论语》与易学%The Analects of Confucius and I-ching Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任俊华

    2000-01-01

    《论语》是考证孔子与《周易》关系的第一手材料。其包含的易学思想主要有:(一)天道观,认为时空是无限的,天地运行自有规律性;(二)中和思想,认为日常生活和政治生活都要持中,不能过头;(三)刚柔之说.认为刚柔是万物无不具有的内在因索,主张刚贵柔贱。

  15. 浅析孔子的自我修养思想%About Confucius' Concept of Self-cultivation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨莉

    2006-01-01

    孔子认为,自我修养的目的就是主体能够把自己修养成为道德高尚的君子;主体进行自我修养既是完善道德素养的需要,也是营造社会道德风尚的需要;主体进行自我修养的方法主要有:学习,自省,自讼,克己,立志.

  16. Husserl's Eidos and Plato's Idea%胡塞尔的Eidos与柏拉图的idea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高秉江

    2004-01-01

    当我们由传统哲学语境进入现象学语境时,最让我们感到迷惑的是现象学中频繁出现的几个术语:“本质直观”、“本质经验”、“本质还原”等。本质如何能被直观?本质如何能作为经验?产生这种迷惑的主要原因在于现象学与传统哲学对“本质”定义的差异。传统

  17. Plan de empresa para un negocio de platos preparados a domicilio con puntos de venta

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    El negocio sobre el que voy a desarrollar el presente plan de empresa es un negocio de comida preparada de elevada calidad y alto valor gastronómico, entregada de forma diferenciada a cada uno de los segmentos de mercado seleccionados, a través de una adecuada combinación de producto y servicio, con puntos de venta y reparto a domicilio en la ciudad de Barcelona. La carta de Productos ofrecidos será única y podrá ir sufriendo modificaciones con el tiempo, según se vaya anali...

  18. Two Hundred Years of the Psychology of Attitude - 2000 Years of Contributions, From Plato to Allport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodwin, Martin G.

    Developments that laid the groundwork for the modern psychology of attitude began with early Greek philosophy. Conceptions of the cosmologists during the Golden Age of Greek Civilization and the Sophist movement served as a link between mythology and science. Contributions of British Empiricism and German Experimentalism were instrumental to the…

  19. Plato vs Socrates: The Devolving Relationship between Higher Education Institutions and their Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoye, William P.; Palfreyman, David

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the authors examine student legal claims against colleges and universities in the US and in the UK under contract, tort and public law principles, focusing particularly on the evolving legal relationship between higher education institutions and their students. The authors' goal is to provide the reader with a comparative analysis…

  20. On Plato's View of Psyche%柏拉图的灵魂观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彦

    2007-01-01

    一直以来,灵魂问题在西方哲学中占据了重要的地位,现代西方心灵哲学(Philosophy of Mind)中对"心灵"(Mind)本质的探讨则可以追溯到古希腊先哲对"灵魂"(Psyche,Soul)的思考.柏拉图作为古希腊哲学的重要代表之一,他对灵魂起源、本质、能力等问题的回答给予我们一副融合宗教与哲学元素在内的奇妙图式.

  1. PLATO: data-oriented approach to collaborative large-scale brain system modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kannon, Takayuki; Inagaki, Keiichiro; Kamiji, Nilton L; Makimura, Kouji; Usui, Shiro

    2011-11-01

    The brain is a complex information processing system, which can be divided into sub-systems, such as the sensory organs, functional areas in the cortex, and motor control systems. In this sense, most of the mathematical models developed in the field of neuroscience have mainly targeted a specific sub-system. In order to understand the details of the brain as a whole, such sub-system models need to be integrated toward the development of a neurophysiologically plausible large-scale system model. In the present work, we propose a model integration library where models can be connected by means of a common data format. Here, the common data format should be portable so that models written in any programming language, computer architecture, and operating system can be connected. Moreover, the library should be simple so that models can be adapted to use the common data format without requiring any detailed knowledge on its use. Using this library, we have successfully connected existing models reproducing certain features of the visual system, toward the development of a large-scale visual system model. This library will enable users to reuse and integrate existing and newly developed models toward the development and simulation of a large-scale brain system model. The resulting model can also be executed on high performance computers using Message Passing Interface (MPI).

  2. Baudelaire and Plato's Aesthetic%波德莱尔与柏拉图美学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亘; 胡华

    2015-01-01

    理想的光芒往往是照耀波德莱尔关学空间的光源所在.由于诗人评述和创作文字的歧义,波德莱尔的美学思索常常被引向绝对的层面,成为通往柏拉图理念世界的十九世纪阶梯.这一阶梯的搭建是否来自波德莱尔的本意?诗人的诗歌创作与其说是引向理念世界,倒不如说是在揭示一个超自然的世界.原型的地位来自波德莱尔美学意识中绝对理念的缺席,他的摹仿和再现方式的意义也是建立在对于他那个时代美学柏拉图式倾向的批评之上.

  3. About Being a Friend: Friendship and Metaphysics by Plato, Aristotle, Augustine and Albert the Great

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Quero Sánchez

    2014-11-01

    of friendship in his commentaries on the Nicomachian Ethics (both Super Ethica and Ethica and we show how his metaphysics should be considered as Christian Aristotelism, according to the traditional interpretation, which has, as is known, been questioned for decades

  4. Successful Secondary Principalship in Cyprus: What Have "Thucydides" and "Plato" Revealed to Us?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pashiardis, Petros; Kafa, Antonios; Marmara, Christiana

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide an insight into successful secondary school principals in Cyprus, focusing on identifying their actions and behaviours through the adoption of a systemic view of the quality of leadership in school organizations from multiple stakeholders (i.e. self, parents, students and teachers).…

  5. On social justice: Comparing Paul with Plato, Aristotle and the Stoics

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    And the means, they stress further, to achieve the objective should be non-violent and ..... Equality of class, gender and ethnicity within the Christian community is indeed of ...... Upheavals of thought: The intelligence of emotions. Cambridge:.

  6. The Peloponnesian War, the Spanish Requirement and the Clash of Civilizations: An Application of Plato's Theaetetus

    OpenAIRE

    Wendy C. Hamblet

    2008-01-01

    This paper challenges the notion of “civilization” as focal to, and originative of, the problem of suffering in the world, a legacy that continues to betray its heritage in the third millennium of the Common Era. The current global crisis of terrorism is, on both sides of this confrontation, being posed as a war of “civilizations.” Both sides, the terrorists and the current American administration and its allies, argue for the righteous, divinely-ordained nature of their cause and the demonic...

  7. The Peloponnesian War, the Spanish Requirement and the Clash of Civilizations: An Application of Plato's Theaetetus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy C. Hamblet

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper challenges the notion of “civilization” as focal to, and originative of, the problem of suffering in the world, a legacy that continues to betray its heritage in the third millennium of the Common Era. The current global crisis of terrorism is, on both sides of this confrontation, being posed as a war of “civilizations.” Both sides, the terrorists and the current American administration and its allies, argue for the righteous, divinely-ordained nature of their cause and the demonic nature of their infidel enemy. Both legitimate their violences by claims of superior “civilization” and both cite the god as in their “civilizational” court.

  8. PLATO'S INVISIBLE HERO OF DEMOCRACY: SOCRATES IN THE REPUBLIC AND CRITO

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Richard J Klonoski

    2014-01-01

    ... intends the reader to see Socrates as an invisible moral and political hero of the democratic polis even though Socrates was, for much of his life, a critic of the Athenian democracy, and even given...

  9. Plato's view on justice%柏拉图的正义观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马俊峰

    2007-01-01

    对柏拉图的空间正义学说作深入分析与论证,展现柏拉图对正义的思考,不同于现代人对正义思考的缘由,揭示现代政治哲学正义学说的缺陷,从而警示当代人防止陷入现代性的陷阱.

  10. The Quest for a Poetics of Goodness in Plato and Aristotle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dairo Orozco

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo compara las concepciones de actividad artística en Platón y Aristóteles y se divide en tres partes. En la primera, se discuten la mimesis y la technē en el Ion de Platón, así como el papel de la poesía en la República. En la segunda, se hace un recuento de la idea de felicidad de Aristóteles como fin de la acción. En la última se discute el intento de reconciliación de las posiciones de Platón y Aristóteles realizado por el pensador neoplatónico renacentista, Torquato Tasso.

  11. Εἰκὼς λόγος: Plato in Translation(s)

    OpenAIRE

    Hoenig, Christina

    2014-01-01

    Cette étude examine le rôle de traduction comme médium dans la tradition des interprétations de Platon. L’examen porte sur une partie du Timée de Platon (29b2-d3), traduite par trois interprètes: un premier échantillon de traduction moderne permet tout d’abord de mettre en lumière certains reflets de la recherche platonicienne contemporaine. Deux spécimens plus détaillés de traductions latines, de Cicéron et de Calcidius, datée du IVe siècle, permettent ensuite d’approfondir l’exégèse ancienn...

  12. En un plato sin trigo, ¿comen? tres tristes tigres

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    A pesar que los precios de lo que Argentina exporta sólo subieron un 40% en los últimos 10 años contra una triplicación de los precios de otras commodities como los metales, el petróleo y la energía, algunos indicadores sociales y de estructura económica muestran mejores resultados en la Argentina respecto de los países fetiches del mundo financiero internacional como Chile, Perú o Colombia, más beneficiados por el auge del precio de las commodities. Este comportamiento pone en tela de juicio...

  13. 柏拉图的自我批判%Plato's Self-Criticism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆沉

    2003-01-01

    《巴门尼德篇》是柏拉图(Platon)最重要的哲学著作之一,它主要由两个部分组成,第一部分是柏拉图对自己的以《斐多篇》—《国家篇》为代表的“相论”的错误的反思批判,在第二部分,柏拉图尝试重建“相论”,结果是一个初步的范畴论。

  14. Heraclitus, Plato, and the philosophic dogs (A note on Republic II, 375e-376c)

    OpenAIRE

    Piccone, Enrique Hülsz

    2015-01-01

    The paper focuses on a neglected instance of the Platonic reception of Heraclitus in the Republic (II, 375e-376c), trying to show that it’s likely that Plato’s passage makes an allusion to Heraclitus’ B97 (“Dogs bark at whom they don’t know”) and B85 (“It’s difficult to fight θυμός, for what it longs for it pays with ψυχή). The main claim is that Plato’s use of the image of dogs looks back to Heraclitus, which invites an exploration of the possibility that at least some elements of Plato’s ka...

  15. Plato and Socrates: From an Educator of Childhood to a Childlike Educator?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohan, Walter Omar

    2013-01-01

    This paper deals with two forms of education--Platonic and Socratic. The former educates childhood to transform it into what it ought to be. The latter does not form childhood, but makes education childlike. To unfold the philosophical and pedagogical dimensions of this opposition, the first part of the paper highlights the way in which philosophy…

  16. Friendship and War: True Political Art as the Alliance of Philosophy and Rhetoric in Plato's Gorgias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás Parra

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo explora la relación entre filosofía y retórica desde una nueva perspectiva al enfatizar la naturaleza dramática del diálogo y, por tanto, poniéndole atención no sólo a lo que se dice sobre filosofía y retórica, sino también a lo que se muestra, especialmente por las intervenciones de Gorgias a lo largo del diálogo con el fin de salvar a la comunidad de diálogo que investiga lo bueno y lo justo. Esta reconcepción de la relación entre filosofía y retórica implica una reconcepción de la práctica de la política misma, fundada en una filosofía que busca girar las almas individuales hacia el bien y una retórica que motiva a los individuos a ser girados en esa misma dirección por las palabras de los otros.

  17. Do we need hermeneutics at all? Plato on the art of interpretation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deretić Irina

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The main claim of this paper is to show how Plato’s views on hermeneutike techne are more relevant to the contemporary discussions on hermeneutics than it is commonly regarded. We will elucidate and critically discuss whether Plato’s understanding of the grounds, methods and merits of the hermeneutics in the Protagoras is adequate, consistent and still relevant. Also, we will attempt to find out which position in the contemporary discussion of hermeneutics is the closest to Plato’s own ideas and claims on the essence and meaning of the art of interpretation.

  18. Nietzsche, Plato and the Power of the Duende: the shamanic roots of poetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel de Lima

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo lida com as raízes xamânicas da poesia através da análise das antigas deidades artísticas gregas, a saber, Apolo e Dionísio, em suas marcadas dicotomias de tendências artísticas tal como são apresentadas por Friedrich Nietzsche em sua reavaliação das considerações platônicas sobre a criação artística. Esta primeira análise é então seguida por um interessante paralelo à força nietzscheana do dionisíaco que pode ser encontrada no igualmente misterioso poder do “Duende,” presente em Federico García Lorca quando da fusão de seus conceitos surrealistas com o senso de sua cultura nativa da Andaluzia, a fim de se mostrar as raízes xamânicas da representação poética.

  19. Entre foscors i clarors. La ‘mirada’ com a ‘exercici filosòfic’ a la Caverna de Plató / Entre ombres et lumière. Le « regard » en tant qu’"exercise philosophique" dans la caverne de Platon Between darkness and light: “sight” as a philosophical exercise in Plato's allegory of the Cave Entre claros y oscuros. La ‘mirada’ como ‘ejercicio filosófico" en la Caverna de Platón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoni Bosch-Veciana

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Aquest estudi pretén situar dins d’un context filològic, cultural i filosòfic l’«itinerari de la mirada» que llegim en la «narració de la Caverna» del llibre VII de La República de Plató. Amb aquest propòsit es posen en relleu algunes consideracions sobre la relació de complementarietat entre la «imatge» i la «paraula». El fragment platònic tractat aquí és llegit com un «exercici filosòfic» de la «mirada » del tot necessari per tal d’accedir a la contemplació del Bé, condició indispensable per exercir el poder polític a la ciutat _______________________________________________________ Cette étude a pour but de situer dans un contexte philologique, culturel et philosophique l’« itinéraire du regard » que l’on peut lire dans la « narration de la Caverne » du livre VII de La République de Platon. Pour ce faire, elle met en relief certaines considérations sur la relation de com-plémentarité qui existe entre l’« image » et la « parole ». Le fragment platonique traité est lu comme un « exercice philosophique » du « regard » tout à fait nécessaire pour accéder à la con-templation du Bien, condition indispensable pour exercer le pouvoir politique dans la ville.This study aims to place in the context of language, culture and philosophy the “path of sight” found in the Allegory of the Cave in Book VII of Plato’s Republic. To achieve this, we present some considerations of the complementary relationship between the “image” and the “word”. The excerpt from Plato that is addressed here is interpreted as a philosophical exercise on sight, which is vital to be able to contemplate Good. In turn, this is essential for holding political power in a city.Este estudio pretende situar en un contexto filológico, cultural y filosófico el «itinerario de la mirada» que leemos en la «narración de la Caverna» del libro VII de La República de Platón. Con este propósito se ponen de relieve

  20. [The research of the idea of population problems (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinozaki, N

    1982-07-01

    Approximately 200 years have passed since Malthus pointed out various population problems. Since then, many scholars have discussed and researched the population principles attributable to Malthus. Formal demography has developed recently. However, the conception of population problems has been discussed more on an a priori level rather than on a philosophical level. We cannot conceive of man himself without introspection about what is man. This problem has also been approached by other philosophers--Plato, Aristotle, Kant, Feuerbach, Marx, Neitzche, Scheler, Heidegger, Dilthey, Pascal, Northrop, Sartre, Buber, Landmann, and others. It is possible to classify views of the human being into about 20 patterns. Until now, there have been different ideas among population researchers and students in Japan. Some have thought of population as the abstract mass of man; others thought of it as a concrete mass of man. Further inquiry into this idea would allow the author to proceed to examine man himself, population, and population problems from a philosopher's point of view. A new theory of population problems could then be established by improving the population principles of Malthus. (author's modified)

  1. Verification of the calculation program for brachytherapy planning system of high dose rate (PLATO); Programa de verificacion del calculo para un sistema de planificacion de braquiterapia de alta tasa de dosis (PLATO)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Almansa, J.; Alaman, C.; Perez-Alija, J.; Herrero, C.; Real, R. del; Ososrio, J. L.

    2011-07-01

    In our treatments are performed brachytherapy high dose rate since 2007. The procedures performed include gynecological intracavitary treatment and interstitial. The treatments are performed with a source of Ir-192 activity between 5 and 10 Ci such that small variations in treatment times can cause damage to the patient. In addition the Royal Decree 1566/1998 on Quality Criteria in radiotherapy establishes the need to verify the monitor units or treatment time in radiotherapy and brachytherapy. All this justifies the existence of a redundant system for brachytherapy dose calculation that can reveal any abnormality is present.

  2. A Comparison of Happiness View of Confucius and Aristotle%孔子与亚里士多德幸福观之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王燕霞

    2014-01-01

    孔子和亚里士多德分别是东方和西方伦理学史上具有开创性的人物,对其以后的东西方伦理思想史有着极大的影响.文章主要对孔子和亚里士多德的幸福观进行梳理和比较,并结合孔子和亚里士多德对幸福的阐释,对“什么是幸福”进行了论述.

  3. 孔子与亚里士多德的理想人格学说比较%A Compare Study on Confucius and Aristoteles' Theory of Ideal Personality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔冬

    2001-01-01

    理想人格是中西古代人生哲学所关注的主要问题之一.本文从理想人格的品质、修养方法和人生实践三个方面,对孔子和亚里士多德的理想人格学说进行比较研究,力图使人们对中西古代理想人格学说有大致了解,从而为新时期理想人格的建构提供理论参考.

  4. A Possible Approach to Comparing Habermas and Confucius%在哈贝马斯与孔子之间对勘的一种可能路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何松旭

    2015-01-01

    The feature of mythical worldview concludes the confusion between nature and culture, and the absence of fallibility. Given a pragmatic turn, Habermas situates the relationship between language and world. But with the view of C. Lafont and K. Donnellan, this turn is not complete, because it is not possible to allow for the cognitive meaningful disagreement. Thus they defend an internal-realist metaphysical strategy. With the perspective of Habermas' view, it becomes clear that Confucianism faces the same dilemma in the process from disenchantment to enchantment.%神话世界观的特征在于混淆自然和文化的关系以及缺乏可错性. 哈贝马斯通过语用学的转向重新处理语言和世界之间的关系. 但在娜丰等人看来,哈贝马斯这一转向并不彻底,依然不能妥善安置认知上的有意义分歧. 因此,他们给出了一种后形而上学的内在实在论策略. 中国传统儒家思想遭遇多元化的现代性时,同样面临从"祛魅"到"出体"的过程. 在哈贝马斯路标的指引之下,这一点变得尤为清楚.

  5. 人格面具维度下的孔子道德思想观照%Confucius' Ideological & Moral Doctrines: A Reading from Persona

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢金华

    2010-01-01

    孔子的思想道德学说是中国传统思想道德的核心所在,贯穿于这个道德线索的主要包括"仁"、"礼"、"正名"等思想内涵,这是孔子对完善的社会道德、合理的社会秩序的要求与向往.在心理学的维度观照下,孔子的这种思想道德学说看似是一种对社会秩序和社会道德的规范,其实质则是对个人在社会中的具体角色的描述与定位,它规定了个人在社会生活中所应具有的外在表现形式,是心理学上的"人格面具"诉求.

  6. 《左传》之礼与孔子之礼%A Compare on The"Li"of Confucius and ZUOzhuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨茂义

    2007-01-01

    《左传》之礼和孔子之礼在精神上有相同之处也有明显差异.《左传》之礼更多延续了周礼的精神,孔子之礼则在继承周礼思想的基础上有所创新.比较《左传》之礼和孔子之礼可明晰二者的差别,同时也有助于重新认识有关《左传》与孔子之间的有争议的问题.

  7. The Exploration of the Honest Cultura in the Analects of Confucius%《论语》中的廉政思想初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳

    2010-01-01

    当前,加强廉政文化建设,应该加大对于传统儒家文化中廉政思想的挖掘力度.尤其是以为代表的儒家文化,更是蕴藏着丰富的廉政文化内容,如其中蕴含的勤政爱民、富贵有道、加强修养等思想,都可以为当前的廉政文化建设提供借鉴.

  8. How Poets Should Speak of the Gods. Plato, Republic II 377e6–378a1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jera Marušič

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In Plato’s Republic, Socrates and his interlocutors assign to poetry an important educational task in the envisioned just state, but then find the existing poetry mostly unsuitable for it. Examining how poets speak about the gods, Socrates directs at Hesiod the criticism that he »did not speak falsely well« (377e7 when narrating the actions of Uranus and Cronus. We may find this criticism surprising: the poet is not reproached for speaking falsely about the actions of these two gods, but for not speaking falsely well about them. It seems, therefore, that Socrates would not disapprove of Hesiod’s false speaking, provided that the poet spoke falsely well. In order to clarify Socrates’ criticism, it is first examined what it means, in the case of Hesiod, »to speak falsely« (as opposed to »speaking truly«, and then what it means »not to speak falsely well« (as opposed to »speaking falsely well«. Relying on some further arguments by Socrates, a distinction is made between two kinds of claims that can be made about the gods: claims about what the gods are like and claims about what they did. As this paper tries to show, it is acceptable to Socrates if poets speak falsely about what the gods did (for, because there is no knowing about the divine actions, it is not possible to speak truly about this, as is suggested at 382c10–d3, but not about what they are like (for what we do know about the divine nature is that it is good and therefore cannot cause evil, and so it must be spoken of, as is argued at 379b1–16. It turns out, therefore, that poets speak falsely well about what the gods did when they attribute good actions to them, i.e. such actions as they could in fact have done: doing so, the poets speak falsely about what the gods did, but implicitly speak truly about what they are like. As Hesiod attributed bad actions to Uranus and Cronus, he implicitly spoke of the gods as capable of evil. Therefore he did not speak falsely only about the divine actions, but, implicitly, also about the nature of the divine. That is why he did not speak falsely well.

  9. TPLO--osteotomia niveladora del plato tibial. Tratamiento quirurgico para la rotura del ligamento cruzado anterior en caninos

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Berrio Betancur, Alina Maria; Ochoa Velez, Juan Jose

    2009-01-01

    ... (TPLO, por su sigla en ingles), la cual parte del principio de restablecer la estabilidad de la rodilla eliminando el empuje tibial craneal por medio de una modificacion en la geometria del aspecto proximal de la tibia...

  10. Jobs For Youth-Boston, Madison Park Technical-Vocational H.S., Boston, Massachusetts. PLATO Evaluation Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, David W.; Quinn, Nancy W.

    The Boston, Massachusetts, school district requires that its 9th grade students pass both the Boston Public Schools Math Benchmark Assessment (BPS Math) and the Scholastic Reading Inventory (SRI) before entering 10th grade. At Madison Park Technical-Vocational High School in June 2000, 349 students failed either the mathematics or reading test or…

  11. TPLO--osteotomia niveladora del plato tibial. Tratamiento quirurgico para la rotura del ligamento cruzado anterior en caninos

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Berrio Betancur, Alina Maria; Ochoa Velez, Juan Jose

    2009-01-01

    La rotura del ligamento cruzado anterior, como consecuencia de trauma o de procesos degenerativos en la articulacion de la rodilla, es una de las causas mas comunes de claudicacion en miembro posterior en caninos...

  12. The Visible Cosmos of Dialogues. Some Historical and Philosophical Remarks about Plato in the Late Antique Schools

    OpenAIRE

    Motta, Anna

    2014-01-01

    English and PortugueseBetween the 5th and the 6th centuries A. D., the Neoplatonic school of Alexandria, where the philosophical didactic follows a specific cursus studiorum, is opened also to the Christian students. Despite some divergences of religious (but also of economical and of political) natures, and after some violent events which occur in the Egyptian city, the Alexandrian school is linked to its contemporary Neoplatonic school in Athens. And indeed the Prolegomena to Platonic Philo...

  13. 柏拉图神学的伦理蕴涵%The Ethical Implication in Plato's Theology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶青春

    2008-01-01

    柏拉图的灵魂论充满理性之思和德性追求;其"理念"世界蕴涵着他对现实世界的正义、和谐和秩序的伦理追求以及伦理超越;其神服从"理念"世界,以善为内在目的创造现实世界,最高的"善的理念"构成了现实世界与理念世界,是灵魂和神的原因、目的和根据.

  14. Dialogical existence seen as a social relationship and its impact to the life with diversity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hubert Claudia

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article compares the philosophical concept of dialogical existence of Martin Buber with the sociological one from Pierpaolo Donati, which put its focus on the phenomena of social relationship.

  15. FORMATION OF ANTIQUE RHETORIC: CHRONOLOGY OF RHETORICAL METHODS AND STYLES (PLATO, ARISTOTLE СТАНОВЛЕННЯ АНТИЧНОЇ РИТОРИКИ: ХРОНОЛОГІЯ РИТОРИЧНИХ МЕТОДІВ І СТИЛІВ (ПЛАТОН, АРИСТОТЕЛЬ СТАНОВЛЕНИЕ АНТИЧНОЙ РИТОРИКИ: ХРОНОЛОГИЯ РИТОРИЧЕСКИХ МЕТОДОВ И СТИЛЕЙ (ПЛАТОН, АРИСТОТЕЛЬ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina A. Pantelyeyeva

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the article represents one of the investigation stages devoted to studying the ancient theory of speech in the light of the analysis of rhetorical methods and styles. Purpose of the article: to analyze the basic points of philosophical concepts of rhetoric of Plato and Aristotle, to prove that from Plato the rhetoric in the true sense starts being approved, and Aristotle is an ancestor of real theory of speech of the new genre, the new form, the new purposes and tasks of the description of verbal art. Problem statement: development of the ancient principles of rhetorical style’s creating is reached by efforts of outstanding speakers, each of them were differed not only by the ideological sympathies or antipathies, but also by nature of works, the concepts put in their basis. Two Ancient Greek philosophers: Plato and Aristotle are considered as founders of ancient rhetorical science. The main material of article represents philosophical research of features of scientific concepts of the ancient philosophers Plato and Aristotle based on studying and generalization of authentic sources and literary critics. Findings and their discussion: basic points of philosophical concepts of rhetoric of Plato and Aristotle are analyzed, their main features and regularities are defined, and their interrelation with practice of public oratorical speech is established. Scientific novelty is displayed in the received results from the comparative analysis of two concepts of public speech of Plato and Aristotle from a position of philosophical justification of rhetoric’s rules with orientation on ancient "popular" declamation practices. Practical value of article consists in development of insufficiently studied object "Antique declamation discourse" where Plato and Aristotle's two central rhetorical concepts appear as the intermediate stage in development of a declamation discourse of Ancient Greece and, subsequently, and Ancient Rome. Conclusions

  16. Does the human brain have unique genetically determined networks coding logical and ethical principles and aesthetics? From Plato to novel mirror networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agnati, Luigi Francesco; Agnati, Achille; Mora, Francisco; Fuxe, Kjell

    2007-08-01

    Starting from the assumption that philosophers carry out "experiments" not on concrete objects, but on concepts and relationships between concepts, it could be postulated that the philosopher's way to proceed is not basically different from that followed by scientists. From this similarity of approaches it can be considered that some philosophical problems and theories have a high impact on how to address scientific investigations. One of these issues is certainly the philosophical debate over innate ideas, which is central to the conflict between rationalist and empiricist epistemologies. We started our reflections on the possible presence of innate ideas in the human brain from the observation that there exists strong experimental support for the view that not only complex behaviours (e.g., sexual courtship, parental care) but also aesthetic and ethic judgements can be, at least in part, genetically determined. On these grounds it is suggested that neurobiological findings can give important contributions to the philosophical debate on innatism by putting forward possible explanatory models and heuristic hypotheses.

  17. Seria a moqueca apenas uma peixada? ¿La moqueca seria unicamente un plato de pescado? Alimentacion e identidad en Salvador, Bahia (Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Fajans

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Comidas regionais no Brasil incorporam a história, geografia, cultura, “raça”, classe social e identidade de uma região. Um exemplo claro destes fatores se encontra na competição entre os Estados da Bahia e do Espírito Santo acerca de quem faz a melhor moqueca. A competição não está apenas associada ao gosto desta especialidade, mas também aos valores religiosos, culturais, raciais e de classe a ela associados. São incorporadas as qualidades de quem prepara e o contexto no qual é preparada e servida a moqueca.Las comidas regionales del Brasil revelan la historia, la geografía, la cultura, la “raza”, las clases sociales y la identidad de cada región. Un ejemplo claro de esos factores se encuentra en la competencia entre los Estados de Bahia y Espírito Santo acerca que quién hace la mejor moqueca. En esta competencia, finalmente, el sabor de esta especialidad culinaria no tiene tanta importancia como los valores religiosos, culturales, raciales y de clase a los cuales está asociada. Este platillo incorpora las cualidades de las personas que lo cocinan y el contexto en el cual está elaborado y servido.

  18. 《会饮》中唯一的女性与Eros的关系%The Relationship of the Only Female in Plato's Symposium with Eros

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马雅荣

    2008-01-01

    是柏拉图的众多作品中文笔优美、理念深奥的一部,是由七篇爱的颂辞所组成的.从斐德若开始的发言铺就的是关于Eros的从低到高的阶梯,而借苏格拉底之口的第俄提玛的话语正是在其阶梯之上对前面的话语做了充分的探索和提升.第俄提玛的这种由美的身体到灵魂、从具体的事物跃升到抽象的理念的过程,逐渐向上探索,仿佛踏上爱的阶梯,朝向美的理念,引导人们一步步走向哲学的真理,也正体现了柏拉图的理念说.柏拉图所勾画的这条哲学的真理之路,通过第俄提玛的女性经验话语的展现,说明不朽的美好和哲学的所在具有一种自足性、持续性和永恒性.

  19. 柏拉图与康德伦理学中的自我构成%Self-Constitution in the Ethics of Plato and Kant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ch.M.科丝嘉; 葛四友

    2011-01-01

    相对于常见的灵魂的斗争模式而言,柏拉图与康德提出了灵魂的构成模式.构成模式可以解释行动缘何不同于事件.行动是源自于作为整个人格的构成,而不是源自于在个人内部起作用的某种力量,后者正是斗争模式所蕴含的观点.这种构成观反过来又蕴含了好行动的要素,即行动是以把人统一成合构成体系的方式得到审思和选择的.也就是说,审思行动把我们构造成一个统一的行为者.柏拉图式正义与康德的绝对命令就是这种自我构成原则,由此也是行动的规范标准.

  20. 柏拉图、亚里士多德诗学著述文体论%Stylistics of Poetic Writings of Plato and Aristoteles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平

    2005-01-01

    柏拉图和亚里士多德诗学著述文体的最大特点和区别,是"在场"和"缺席".选择不同的思想表达方式,体现了两人的人生态度、对智者的看法和言说的风格.可是深究起来,这种"在场"与"缺席"还只是问题的一面.因为"在场"实际上只对"对话"的在场者有效;而"缺席"也可以由当时及后代的大量典籍和资料来加以弥补.

  1. Gastronomía, turismo y potencialidades territoriales: el plato minero y la salazón, bases para el turismo alimentario en Nemocón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabián Andrés Llano

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available La promoción turística de un municipio como Nemocón pasa por el reconocimiento de su gastronomía, asociada a la cultura alimentaria andina. Esta aceptación del patrimonio culinario de un lugar como Nemocón, sirve como referente para la construcción de la ruta de la sal a partir de las bases del turismo alimentario. Desde el marco conceptual de la geografía humana, el estudio utilizó un enfoque metodológico que involucró como estrategia de investigación la historia oral, privilegiando la narración en el rescate de elementos culturales.

  2. La transmisión del texto de Platón: vicisitudes de una historia (The transmission of Plato's text: vicissitudes of a history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Velásquez

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo principal de este estudio es examinar cómo ha llegado hasta nosotros la obra de Platón. Son unos 150 los manuscritos supervivientes, copiados por lo general entre los ss. IX y XIV. Estos manuscritos dependerían de un (desaparecido arquetipo del s. VI d.C., un códice con variantes en dos volúmenes. Se examina la función del editor, que debe rastrear entre los testimonios de la tradición diplomática las huellas de pasadas ediciones, sus hiparquetipos, el arquetipo, i. e. el último ejemplar de donde estos fueron copiados, los arquetipos anteriores y, finalmente, el original. El asunto de fondo es reproducir del modo más exacto el autógrafo desvanecido. Se analiza en ese contexto la importancia de la división en tetralogías de la obra de Platón y la existencia de tres familias principales de códices y sus respectivos manuscritos principales. Es parcialmente posible seguir la huella de esta sucesión manuscrita, que se remonta a la más pura tradición antigua, y constatar que los resultados acerca de la integridad del texto de Platón, si bien queda mucho por investigar, son formalmente satisfactorios. (The main object of this paper is to examine how Plato’s works have reached down to us. There are some 150 survivor manuscripts copied between the ninth and the fourteenth century. These manuscripts should depend upon a (dissapeared archetype with variants in two volumes of the sixth-century AD. The task of the editor is examined, as he has to trace back the steps of past editions from the hyparchetypes, the archetype, i. e. the last exemplar wherefrom these were copied, the earlier archetypes and, finally, the autoghaph. The leading affaire is to reproduce the vanished autograph in the more exact way. It is also analysed in this context the importance of the division in tetralogies of Plato’sworks and the existence of three main families of codices and their respective principal manuscripts. It is partially possible to track down this succsession of manuscripts, which goes back to the purest ancient tradition and to verify that the results about the integrity of Plato’s text, although much of it remains to be investigated, are formally satisfactory.

  3. 论波普尔对柏拉图理念论的批判%On Popper' s Critique of Plato' s Idea Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司玉兰

    2009-01-01

    波普尔把柏拉图看作是极权主义思想的始作俑者.他对柏拉图的批判主要集中在柏拉图的理念论上,他认为:柏拉图的理念论有着明显的本质主义和历史主义因子,这是导致现代政治领域极权主义的最终根源,它属于"封闭社会"的意识形态,是"开放社会"的敌人.

  4. 歌德,欧洲的孔子——再谈辜鸿铭眼中的歌德%Goethe, Confucius of Europe: Further discussion of Goethe in Gu Hongming's eyes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方厚升

    2009-01-01

    辜鸿铭曾享誉德国,对德国也情有独钟.他反复征引歌德作品,大至政治立场和社会前途,小到生活的智慧,都在歌德处寻求印证,力图在歌德观念和儒家学说间建立对等关系.在他看来,歌德就是欧洲的孔子,歌德的人格魅力和道德理想才是欧洲的精神归宿.

  5. A Comparative Study of View of Relation between Heaven and Men of Confucius and Relation between God and Men of Jesus%孔子“天人观”与耶稣“神人观”之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳浩辉

    2016-01-01

    孔子与耶稣作为儒家与基督教的奠基者,其思想根植于天人观与神人观.孔子的天人观主要体现在人本于天、天人合一、天命与人之关系等3个维度上.耶稣的神人观则凸显在创造者与被造者、救赎者与被救赎者、父与子等3个方面.孔子的天人观与耶稣的神人观,都具有旗帜鲜明的相通与相异.

  6. 孔子"思无邪"思想对中国古代诗论和文学创作的影响%Influence of Confucius's "Thinking nurely" on Ancient Chinese Theory on Poetry and Literary Creation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红霞

    2002-01-01

    孔子"思无邪"的诗论思想对中国古代的诗论和文学创作产生了深远的影响."思无邪"大致是指纯正和中和的思想,它主要限制文学中叙男女之情和抒社会怨愤这两方面的内容.

  7. Research on Confucius’s Educational Ideology——Analysis of the "Analects of Confucius"%孔子的教育思想研究——以《论语》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎千驹

    2012-01-01

    孔子是中国古代最伟大的教育家,是我国私人办学的第一人.他打破了学在官府的垄断地位,倡导“有教无类”,使庶民也享有接受教育的权利和机会,体现了教育公平的原则.他以品德修养、文献典籍和社会实践为主要内容来进行教学,开创了“教书育人”的教学模式,确立了教师的职责,奠定了“文化知识+实践能力+品德修养”的人才培养模式,从而为社会培养了一大批品学兼优的人才.他在教学实践中形成了系统的教学原则和教学方法,为中国的教育事业探索出了一条行之有效的教学途径.他以“诲人不倦”的教学态度来谆谆教导学生,成为了教师的楷模.

  8. 易白沙评孔扬墨对新文化运动的贡献%Yi Baisha's Contributions to the New Culture Movement in His Comment of Confucius and Advocacy of Mozi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金荣

    2010-01-01

    易白沙在五四新文化运动中评孔开新,显示了理性的文化批判精神;倡扬墨学,升华了爱国与民主思想;主张百家平等、东西文化融合,构建了新文化的理想模式.为新文化运动做出了重大贡献.

  9. 儒家音乐思想中的教化功能及对当代音乐的启示%The Confucius Influence upon Chinese Traditional Music and Its Inspiration toward the Development of Modern Music

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周娴

    2012-01-01

    在儒家思想影响下,主流音乐一直发挥着政治教化功能,这种音乐教化功能强调了音乐对个人道德修养和促进社会和谐发展的积极作用,对当代音乐创作有一定的参考价值和启示作用。%Under the influence of Confucianism, music had long been developed as a tool of educative management, so it was a constrained process. Yet, this process of development stresses the contribution of art toward moral cultivation and harmonious development of the society, which provides much inspiration for modem music.

  10. A Comparative Study of Theory of Bildung between Gadamer and Confucius%和谐人性的塑造——加达默尔和孔子“教化”理论之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴孝军

    2012-01-01

    加达默尔在其《真理与方法》一书中论述的教化思想,是针对现代社会的现代自然科学方法造成的人性分裂而提出来的.他认为弥合现代人的人性分裂,必须以人文主义的教化思想来恢复完美的人性.孔子更是把文学的教化思想作为完善人性,实现伦理政治的得力工具.在完善人性这方面两者是相同的.但因两者所处时代不同,面对的社会状况也不一样,因此,加达默尔侧重人性中的感性,强调理性不要超越感性;而孔子侧重于人性中的理性,以理性来充实感性.另外,加达默尔注重主体的精神普遍性在艺术经验的理解和交流的过程中提升和转化,而孔子则侧重于文学艺术的工具地位及对人心的伦理道德塑造和实现伦理政治的需要.

  11. 孔孟食道与当代中国的反腐倡廉%Food Principles of Confucius and Mencius and the Anti-corruption Campaign of Contemporary China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季鸿崑

    2015-01-01

      解放前夕,毛泽东和黄炎培在延安的“窑洞对策”以及毛泽东在进京前的“赴考论”,实际上都包含有孔孟食道的基本精神。饮食,看似日常生活琐事,但不择手段地追求精美饮食,不计后果地挥霍劳动人民的血汗,必将导致亡党亡国。针对当前中国的反腐倡廉和深入贯彻中央“八项规定”的高潮,深刻理解孔孟食道,具有迫切的现实意义。

  12. 论先秦儒家性情学说的逻辑发展及其历史价值%On Logical Development and Historical Value of the Confucius' Theory of Temperament in Pre-Qin Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡祎赟

    2004-01-01

    在中国古代社会由神本向人本的演进过程中,先秦儒家性情学说大体经历了由孔子到郭店楚简《性自命出》及《中庸》、《孟子》、《荀子》、《大学》等有关理论的逻辑发展过程.其历史价值突出表现在对人文精神的关怀上.

  13. CHINESE OF HUMANITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    A discussion about Confucius education thought [Abstract]This article using Confucius education thought, combined with our country's modern education present situation, constructing suitable of students' view and teachers view for China's national conditions, reasonable teaching principle, to' favor the student development of teaching methods education theory system, and promote the national quality enhancement.

  14. 贤良政制与古典诗教--孔子与柏拉图诗教观念同异略论%Aristocracy and Classical Poetic Education:A Comparison and Contrast of Confucius’and Plato’s Conceptions on Poetic Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Since Confucius’and Plato’s ideas of the best regime decisively shape their conceptions of poetic education,a more meaningful comparison of their conceptions of poetic education must be based on that of their ideas of polity.Their ideal political order,as far as its fundamental principle is concerned,can be defined as a kind of aristocracy based upon hierarchical distinctions of humanity. Poetic education in Confucius and Plato is,therefore,politically moral education required by that aristocracy.Although this classical moral education,in general,is aimed at a principle of mean or moderation,there are nonetheless significant differences between Confucius’notions of education practiced in The Book of Songs and those of Plato’s in poetry,because benevolence,which is morally underlying Confucius’ideal political constitution,bears fundamental differences from the absolutely public spiritedness required by Plato’s ideal polis in speech in his Republic .%由于孔子和柏拉图的政制观念对其诗教观念具有决定意义,只有基于孔子与柏拉图政制观念的异同,才能更有意义地比较两者诗教观的异同。就根本理念而言,孔子和柏拉图的理想政治秩序都可以被归结为基于人性差序的贤良政制,因此,诗教在孔子和柏拉图那里都表现为贤良政制所要求的政治德性教化。但是,尽管上述德性教化在孔子和柏拉图那里都以中道或节制等原则为重要旨归,由于作为孔子理想礼制道德基础的“仁”与柏拉图理想城邦所要求的绝对公共德性之间存在重要差异,孔子之《诗》教观念与柏拉图的诗教观念之间必然存在重大差异。

  15. Srovnání Platónova a Aristotelova pojetí etiky ctnosti

    OpenAIRE

    TISCHLEROVÁ, Monika

    2014-01-01

    This work deals with the comparison of Plato and Aristotle's conception of virtue ethics. The first part describes Plato's view of this area of philosophy. Plato puts his ethics based on the analogy between the municipality and the soul. Plato also operates with good ideas. In the second part, Aristotle view. First, I discuss the objectives of its philosophy, which is good, and then bliss. Then there is the division of the moral virtues and intellectual. Then describe each of Aristotle's virt...

  16. Music and Pedagogy in the Platonic City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourgault, Sophie

    2012-01-01

    That Plato regarded music as an extremely powerful means to cultivate morality and good citizenship is well-known. And yet, it is highly improbable that music advocates would turn to Plato's oeuvre--largely because Plato's name is commonly associated with ascetic otherworldliness and with much loathing for artistic creativity and innovation. These…

  17. Music and Pedagogy in the Platonic City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourgault, Sophie

    2012-01-01

    That Plato regarded music as an extremely powerful means to cultivate morality and good citizenship is well-known. And yet, it is highly improbable that music advocates would turn to Plato's oeuvre--largely because Plato's name is commonly associated with ascetic otherworldliness and with much loathing for artistic creativity and innovation. These…

  18. Philosophy and Literature; Philosophy as Literature: Call for Papers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Plato wrote both stories and argument as a way of investigating philosophical problems. For Plato, the choice of literary form was essential to the quest for philosophical truth. Ever since, philosophical reflection has found expression in numerous literary forms, both creative and conventional. And so, we have Platonic and Humean dialogues, Cartesian meditations, Enlightenment fables, Kierkegaardian narratives, Nietzchean parables and aphorisms, Russellian mathematics, Wittgensteinian tractatuses and investigations, as well as all the standard literary forms of novels, novellas, poems, plays, and songs. Transnational Literature is seeking papers for a special edition of the journal which will be dedicated to the literary expression of philosophy. Rather than readings of philosophy in literature (of mapping particular philosophical frameworks onto works of literature, we invite explorations of philosophy as literature and we invite these explorations to also address the journal’s transnational focus by exploring the crossing of cultural, national and temporal boundaries. The following ideas are of particular interest: •\tPhilosophy and literature as ‘embattled adversaries’ (Calvino and the breaking down of boundaries between philosophy and literature. •\tPhilosophical fiction as an alternative mode of philosophical reflection and investigation and/or experimental method. (George Eliot’s novels, for example, as ‘a set of experiments in life… endeavour[s] to see what our thought and emotion may be capable of.’ •\tThe use of literary devices in philosophical writing to express philosophical facts / metaphysical truths. (Locke’s metaphorical ‘candle within us’ becomes the factual ‘intuition.’ •\tThe use of literary devices in creative fiction to do the work of philosophy. (Exposition as a way of interrupting narrative to keep reader attentive to the task of enquiry. Point-of-view as ethical device. Ellipsis as getting

  19. 黄金规则%The Golden Rule

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李连涛; 田敏

    2005-01-01

    @@ The golden rule is endorsed by all the great world religions: Jesus, Hillel, and Confucius used it to summarize their ethical teachings. And for many centuries the idea has been influential among people of very diverse cultures.

  20. Kubilius promotes better ties with China

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    19. veebruaril toimunud Leedu peaministri Andrius Kubiliuse ja Hiina suursaadiku Leedus Mingtao Tongi kohtumisel räägiti riikidevahelistest suhetest majanduse-, transpordi-, kultuuri- ja teaduse valdkondades. Märtsis avab uksed Vilniuse Confuciuse Instituut

  1. CONFUCIANISM AND CHARACTER EDUCATION: A CHINESE VIEW

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mei-Ju Chou; Yi-Chan Tu; Kai-Ping Huang

    2013-01-01

    .... Also, the relationship between Confucianism and character education is discussed. Character education is based on the transmission of values and within Chinese society and most of these values have been founded on the teachings of Confucius...

  2. 秦淮河与夫子庙(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    琥珀

    2001-01-01

    For Nanjing people, early spring never means dull color, especially when they go to celebrate Lantern Festival(the 15th day of the first lunar month) at the ancient Confucius Temple. Bright colors bring life to the ancient buildings on the Qinhuai River. Though this place is still called Confucius Temple, it became a cultural activity ground for local people after New China was established.

  3. The Role Culture Plays in China’s Illicit Drug/Chemical Foreign Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-20

    legitimate uses in pharmaceuticals . Differentiating between suppliers who legitimately distributed steroids to licensed customers and companies that sold to...bodybuilders or athletes can be challenging. The Chinese Food and Drug Administration required pharmaceutical companies that sold steroids to obtain...Confucius, The Analects: Book XII, trans. James Legge. ( eBooks @Adelaide, 2006), <http://etext.library.adelaide.edu.au/c/confucius/c748a/part12.html

  4. A Comparison Study of The Freedom Theory of Plato and Spinoza%柏拉图和斯宾诺莎的自由理论比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚振强

    2004-01-01

    自由概念在古代和近代同样有着深刻的理论内涵.以柏拉图和斯宾诺莎为例,柏拉图把理念作为本体论基础,自由的人在于其灵魂完全转向超感官世界,能绝对支配自己的身体和行为.斯宾诺莎的自由则是一种朝向"自我保存(保持存在)"的努力,它与理性、德性一样都是对人的内在本性和本质存在的肯定,获得自由就是参与到对神的绝对肯定之中,"对神的理智的爱"是实现人的内在自由的途径.

  5. P ≠NP Millenium-Problem(MP) TRIVIAL Physics Proof Via NATURAL TRUMPS Artificial-``Intelligence'' Via: Euclid Geometry, Plato Forms, Aristotle Square-of-Opposition, Menger Dimension-Theory Connections!!! NO Computational-Complexity(CC)/ANYthing!!!: Geometry!!!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clay, London; Menger, Karl; Rota, Gian-Carlo; Euclid, Alexandria; Siegel, Edward

    P ≠NP MP proof is by computer-''science''/SEANCE(!!!)(CS) computational-''intelligence'' lingo jargonial-obfuscation(JO) NATURAL-Intelligence(NI) DISambiguation! CS P =(?) =NP MEANS (Deterministic)(PC) = (?) =(Non-D)(PC) i.e. D(P) =(?) = N(P). For inclusion(equality) vs. exclusion (inequality) irrelevant (P) simply cancels!!! (Equally any/all other CCs IF both sides identical). Crucial question left: (D) =(?) =(ND), i.e. D =(?) = N. Algorithmics[Sipser[Intro. Thy.Comp.(`97)-p.49Fig.1.15!!!

  6. 厚乐薄诗:柏拉图“反艺术说”辨正%Stressing Music,Not Poetry:A Rectification on Plato's Anti-artistic Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程镇海

    2000-01-01

    在柏拉图的《理想国》中,诗歌与音乐的艺术地位是不相同的。他的批判集中在诗歌,对于音乐却持欢迎的态度;他不可能提出“把音乐驱逐出理想国”的口号。本文认为这种“厚乐薄诗”的差异是对古希腊诗歌与音乐的特点直接关怀的产物,并具体从柏拉图关于诗歌与音乐的创作来源、社会功用(主要关涉到他的政治观念、文化理想)两个并非独立自足的层面来透视产生差异的复杂原因,试图对学人所谓柏拉图“反艺术说”有所辨正。

  7. Greece Art in High Classical Period and Imitation Theory of Plato%古典盛期的希腊艺术与柏拉图的模仿理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵炎

    2014-01-01

    本文主要通过结合希腊古典盛期的艺术发展状况与柏拉图关于艺术的模仿理论来探讨希腊艺术在西方艺术史上所取得的奠基性成就.通过现存的相关作品和文献考察了柏拉图时代希腊绘画和雕塑的发展状况,勾勒出柏拉图的模仿论在生成之时所面对的希腊艺术的环境.在此基础上,对柏拉图所提出的模仿理论进行了简要总结和讨论,分析了其对当时希腊艺术作品所做出的判断和评价.柏拉图不仅抓住了当时希腊艺术那些重要的时代特征,同时也奠定了后世思考艺术的基本思维方式,与艺术作品一起构成了一整套希腊艺术的遗产.

  8. Mass transport in a PEMFC fuel battery using combinations of monopolar plates and reaction-diffusion medium; Transporte de masa en una pila a combustible tipo PEMFC utilizando combinaciones de platos monopolares y medios de difusion de reactivos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosas Paleta, M. G. Araceli [Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, Puebla, Puebla (Mexico); Bautista Rodriguez, C. Moises [Alter-Energias Puebla, Puebla (Mexico)] email: celso.bautista@thyssenkrupp.com; Rivera Marquez, J. Antonio; Tepale Ochoa, Nancy [Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, Puebla, Puebla (Mexico)

    2009-09-15

    The efficiency of a PEMFC fuel battery is limited due to a variety of mass transport-related phenomena that take place while it is operating. The electromotive force of the PEM fuel battery is related to the generation of concentration gradients resulting from the distribution of the reactants on the active sites of the electrode. The reactant gases supplied to the PEMFC are distributed over the diffusion layer of the electrodes through the channels of the polar plates. They then spread toward the active layer where the semi-reactions take place. Another important aspect is the presence of water molecules, a product of the reaction. When they accumulate, they cover the porosity of the electrodes, involving the reduction in the flow of reactants, even at high current density values and, combined with the diffusion phenomena involved, cause the PEMFC to complete cease functioning. The critical parameters for the transport phenomena are porosity, the diameter of the pore in the diffusion layer and the characteristics of the distribution of the reactants. The present works includes an experimental design of two distribution media and two diffusion media of the reactant gases in a PEMFC, involving three case studies. The results show significantly notable interactions between the diameter of the pore, the type of diffusion layer applied and the type of distributor applied. The combination in the second case significantly reduces the ohmic resistance and moderately reduces the diffusion resistances. While the combination in case three notably increases the ohmic resistance, diffusion resistance is significantly reduced. [Spanish] La eficiencia de una pila a combustible tipo PEMFC es limitada por diversos fenomenos de transporte de masa presentes durante su funcionamiento. La fuerza electromotriz de la pila a combustible tipo PEM esta relacionada con la generacion de gradientes de concentracion los cuales se dan como resultado de la distribucion de los reactivos sobre los sitios activos del electrodo. Los gases reactivos suministrados a una PEMFC se distribuyen sobre la capa de difusion de los electrodos por medio de los canales de las placas polares, posteriormente difunden hacia la capa activa donde se llevan a cabo las semi-reacciones. Otro aspecto importante es la presencia de las moleculas de agua, producto de la reaccion, que al acumularse cubren la porosidad de los electrodos implicando la reduccion del flujo de los reactivos, incluso a altos valores de densidad de corriente se combina con los fenomenos de difusion involucrados, ocasionando; el cese total en el funcionamiento de la PEMFC. Los parametros criticos para los fenomenos de transporte son la porosidad, el diametro del poro en la capa de difusion y las caracteristicas de distribucion de reactivos. El presente trabajo comprende un diseno experimental entre dos medios de distribucion y dos medios de difusion de gases reactivos en una PEMFC, implicando tres casos de estudio. Los resultados obtenidos muestran interacciones notablemente significativas entre el diametro de poro, el tipo de capa de difusion aplicada y el tipo de distribuidor aplicado. La combinacion en el segundo caso reduce significativamente las resistencias ohmicas y moderadamente las resistencias por difusion mientras la combinacion del caso tres incrementa notablemente las resistencias ohmicas sin embargo reducen las resistencias por difusion de forma importante.

  9. 用鱼骨图及柏拉图对输液卡缺陷原因的分析及评价%Analysis and Evaluation of the Reason of Omitted Infusion Card Defects with the Fishbone Diagram and Plato

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏冬华

    2014-01-01

    目的:分析如何降低病房输液卡的漏签率,规范输液卡的签名流程。方法:通过对输液卡的收集,调查分析病房输液卡的现状,找出漏签名的原因并分析,采取整改措施优化输液卡签名工作流程,并与改善前进行比较。结果:病房输液卡的漏签率从改进前的21%降低至改进后的1%。结论:基于问题现状,找出改善重点,优化输液卡签名的工作流程,能够提高护理质量,减少医疗纠纷,强化法律意识。%Objective:To analyze how to reduce the omission rate of infusion card signature in the wards and specify the card’s signature process.Method:Through the transfusion card collection,the status of signature of the ward infusion cards was investigated and analyzed,identified major defects and influencing factors,took the appropriate corrective measures to optimize workflow of card signature and compared with the results before improvement.Result:Omission rate of signature of infusion cards had been reduced to 1%from 21%before the improvement.Conclusion:On the basis of the problem situation,find out the improvement focus,optimize workflow of infusion card signature,so as to improve the quality of care,reduce medical disputes,strengthen the awareness of laws.

  10. The breakthrough of classical punishment ethics' paradigm ——from Plato to Seneca%古典惩罚伦理学范式的突破——从柏拉图到塞涅卡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴新民

    2006-01-01

    塞涅卡立足于斯多亚精神对惩罚现象作了深入的反思,他继承、批判并发展了柏拉图和亚里斯多德的惩罚理论,创造出一种特别的惩罚伦理学.他集中批评了惩罚中的愤怒和残忍,提倡理性、宽和、仁慈的惩罚.这种惩罚伦理学是对古典哲学的价值范式的突破:伦理学的最高价值不在于要帮助人获得最高的幸福,而在于让人免受伤害,尤其是免除统治者以公正的惩罚之名对个人的伤害.塞涅卡的这一思想,改变了斯多亚哲学一贯"出世"的冷酷精神,表现出对普通个人的生存与尊严的深切关怀,显示了与现代政治伦理相通的一面.

  11. 关于柏拉图和亚里士多德对政治学基本问题看法的比较%A Comparison of Viewpoint about the Key Questions of Politics between Plato and Aristoteles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许午

    2006-01-01

    柏拉图和亚里士多德是古希腊最著名的两位政治思想家.柏拉图在其中系统阐述了他所设想的最为理想的政治制度.作为他的学生,亚里士多德并非对他老师的政治思想全盘接受.笔者比较了两者对国家起源、阶级构成及政体形式等政治学基本问题看法的异同.

  12. The Transcendent Content and Aesthetic Dilemma in Plato's Ecstasy%柏拉图迷狂说中的超越性蕴涵及其美学困境

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王大桥

    2008-01-01

    柏拉图的迷狂说建立在理念论的基础上,这导致了迷狂在审美体验中的超越性蕴涵.具体表现在两个方面:其一,对感性的贬抑对超感性的尊崇;其二,美在时间上和逻辑上的先在性.迷狂说中的超越性分裂了人存在的整体性,引发了现代美学思想家的强烈批判,迷狂说所蕴涵的审美超越性在关学发展中面临困境.

  13. Fuzzyics =CATEGORYICS =PRAGMATYICS (``Son of ``TRIZ''')/CATEGORY-SEMANTICS Cognition (fcp/csc) of Plato-Aristotle ``SQUARE-of-OPPOSITION''(SoO): Linguistics: Antonyms VS ``SYNONYMS'' VS Analogy/ Metaphor: Coarsest-Possible Topology: Shocks/High-Pressures Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, Edward Plato Aristotle Archimedes Carl-Ludwig; Young, Frederic; Lewis, Thomas

    2013-06-01

    Siegel[MRS Fall-Mtgs,:Symp.Fractals(89)-5-papers!!!;Symp.Scaling(90)] FCP/CSC {aka SPD}(Tic-Tac-Toe-Matrix/Tabular List-Format) ``COMMON-FUNCTIONING-PRINCIPLE'' DI/TRI-CHOTOMY GENERIC ``INEVITABILITY_-WEB'' PURPOSEFUL PARSIMONY-of-DI/TRI-CHOTOMY STRATEGY REdiscovery of SoO automatically/optimality is in NON-list-format/matrix: DIMENSIONALITY-DOMINATION -INEVIT-ABILITY ROOT-CAUSE(RC) ULTIMATE-ORIGIN(UO): (level-0.-logic) DIMENSIONALITY (level-0. logic): [dst = ODD-Z] {Dst=FRACTAL-UNcertainty FLUCTUATIONS} (dst = EVEN-Z): CAUSES: (level- I.-logic): EXTENT/SCALE/RADIUS: (relative)-[LOCALITY] (relative)-(...GLOBALITY...) & (level-II.-logic): POWER-SPECTRUM{noise ≅generalized-susceptibility}: [``l''/ω0-White] (...-``l''/ω 1 . 000 . . . - HYPERBOLICITY...) & (level-III.-logic) CRITICAL-EXPONENT:n =0 n = 1.000... ; BUT ALL 3 ALSO CAUSED BY ANOTHER INdependent RCUO (level-IV.-logic):

  14. “The Answer a Philosopher Gives Determines the Entire Shape of his Metaphysics”: The Influence of Plato and Descartes on Rebecca Goldstein’s The Mind-Body Problem

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Canales, Gustavo

    2012-01-01

    To date, Rebecca Goldstein’s The Mind-Body Problem (1983) has been mostly analysed from two points of view. On the one hand, the significance of Renee Feuer’s Orthodox Jewish background in addressing the/her mind-body problem; on the other, the implications of the Holocaust for Noam’s life and, therefore, for the Noam-Renee relationship. Surprisingly, this novel has not been studied from a purely philosophical perspective. For this reason, the present article attempts to shed some light on th...

  15. 华兹华斯和艾布拉姆斯对柏拉图诗学主张的挑战%Wordsworth and Abrams' Challenges to Plato's Poetic Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    威廉·华兹华斯和柯勒律治共同完成的《抒情歌谣集》宣告了浪漫主义新诗的诞生,被誉为“浪漫主义诗歌的宣言”.艾布拉姆斯在《镜与灯》中对华兹华斯及其他浪漫主义作家的文学理论有着全面的探究及评价.华兹华斯以“情感说”为核心的诗学主张和艾布拉姆斯的以“表现说”为核心的诗学主张,是对柏拉图的“模仿说”、“灵感说”及文艺“功利主义”的有力反驳.华兹华斯和艾布拉姆斯的浪漫主义诗学理论深刻影响着当下文艺理论的发展,对现代的文学创作具有指导性意义.

  16. Beyond Relation: A Critical Exploration of "Relational Consciousness" for Spiritual Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wills, Ruth

    2012-01-01

    This paper takes a philosophical view of the spiritual concept "relational consciousness" first proposed by Rebecca Nye in 1998. I will consider the "relational" aspect of spirituality through the ontology of Heidegger and the dialogical relationship "I and Thou" of Martin Buber, examining the problems that contingency and mediation within…

  17. Kafka: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Ronald, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Ronald Gray, Edwin Muir, Friedrich Beissner, R. O. C. Winkler, Johannes Pfeiffer, Caroline Gordon, Idris Parry, Edmund Wilson, Erich Heller, Austin Warren, Eliseo Vivas, Albert Camus, Martin Buber, and H. S. Reiss--all…

  18. How Can We Overcome the Dichotomy That Western Culture Has Created between the Concepts of Independence and Dependence?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Zehavit

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this article, inspired by the works of Martin Buber, is to propose an alternative to the inherent dichotomy of Western culture. It may allow Western culture to transcend its fixed nature towards new directions and to suggest challenging solutions for reshaping the questions--what is the role of man in the world, and what is the…

  19. Learning as Calling and Responding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jons, Lotta

    2014-01-01

    According to Martin Buber's philosophy of dialogue, our being-in-the-world is to be conceived of as an existential dialogue. Elsewhere, I have conceptualized the teacher-student-relation accordingly (see Jons 2008), as a matter of calling and responding. The conceptualization rests on a secularised notion of vocation, paving way for…

  20. Visual Literacy: Implications for the Production of Children's Television Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amey, L. J.

    Visual literacy, the integration of seeing with other cognitive processes, is an essential tool of learning. To explain the relationship between the perceiver and the perceived, three types of theories can be brought to bear: introverted; extroverted; and transactional. Franklin Fearing, George Herbert Mead, Martin Buber, and other theorists have…

  1. Self-transcendence and Eros: The human condition between desire ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-07-12

    Jul 12, 2011 ... from their emotional roots: The primary ..... stress-field between our human sinfulness and the image of. God in us (Buber ... in unity with nature, hence as an untroubled intelligence, which does not turn away ..... The reductive process that confines the infinite other to race, gender, identity, et cetera usually ...

  2. Enhancing Autonomy-Supportive I-Thou Dialogue in Schools: Conceptualization and Socio-Emotional Effects of an Intervention Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Haya; Assor, Avi

    2012-01-01

    We present a conceptualization and a 2 year program of autonomy-supportive I-Thou dialogue among teachers and students that is based on self-determination theory (Deci and Ryan in "Psychol Inq" 11(4):227-268, 2000) and Buber's (1960) philosophy. The program was applied in 18 seventh grade classes (420 students). Findings showed: (a) increases in…

  3. Retrospect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Anthony

    1971-01-01

    A collection of essays on education printed in The New Era during the 1920-1930 era and written by: Beatrice Ensor, A. S. Neill, G. Bernard Shaw, Adolphe Ferriere, C. G. Jung, Martin Buber, Alfred Adler, Harold Rugg, Ovide Decroly, and Paul Langevin. (SE)

  4. Dehumanization and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pekarsky, Daniel

    1982-01-01

    Two types of dehumanization are defined, and modern instances of dehumanization--failure to regard a person as if s/he were the human being that s/he is--are analyzed. Philosophical insights of Immanuel Kant and Martin Buber concerning human dignity are given, and examples of dehumanization in education are cited. (PP)

  5. Retrospect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Anthony

    1971-01-01

    A collection of essays on education printed in The New Era during the 1920-1930 era and written by: Beatrice Ensor, A. S. Neill, G. Bernard Shaw, Adolphe Ferriere, C. G. Jung, Martin Buber, Alfred Adler, Harold Rugg, Ovide Decroly, and Paul Langevin. (SE)

  6. From Freire to Religious Pluralism: Exploring Dialogue in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linden, Ian

    2016-01-01

    The educational work of Paolo Freire on dialogue took place in a specific context: poverty and oppression in Brazil and Latin America in the 1960s. Similarly, Buber and Levinas were engaged in, or reflected on, contemporary philosophical debates. During the last half century, the irruption of the "Third World" into geopolitics has been,…

  7. Education: Expectation and the Unexpected

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulford, Amanda

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers concepts of expectation and responsibility, and how these drive dialogic interactions between tutor and student in an age of marketised Higher Education. In thinking about such interactions in terms of different forms of exchange, the paper considers the philosophy of Martin Buber and Emmanuel Levinas on dialogic…

  8. From Freire to Religious Pluralism: Exploring Dialogue in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linden, Ian

    2016-01-01

    The educational work of Paolo Freire on dialogue took place in a specific context: poverty and oppression in Brazil and Latin America in the 1960s. Similarly, Buber and Levinas were engaged in, or reflected on, contemporary philosophical debates. During the last half century, the irruption of the "Third World" into geopolitics has been,…

  9. Relationships Always Matter: Findings from a Phenomenological Research Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, David L.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on findings from a hermeneutic phenomenological research inquiry which explored the nature of relational experiences in teacher education. Stories of the lived experience of relationships in an educational context were hermeneutically interpreted against the philosophical writings of Heidegger, Gadamer, Levinas, and Buber. The…

  10. Playing the Ineffable: The Romance of Musical Pragmatism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grund, Cynthia M.; Westney, William

    of authenticity in both music making and philosophy, the relationship between language systems and the "ineffable."  The discussion will invoke themes from the work of, among others, Langer, Buber, Dewey, and Wittgenstein. Piano works by Mozart and Rachmaninoff will be performed on concert Steinways....

  11. Hesse: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziolkowski, Theodore, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection contains essays by Thomas Mann, Andre Gide, Martin Buber, Ernst Robert Curtius, Oskar Seidlin, Hans Mayer, G. W. Field, Jeffrey Sammons, and the editor, Theodore Ziolkowski--all dealing with the biography and literary work of Hermann Hesse.…

  12. A Primer of Existentialism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bigelow, Gordon E.

    1961-01-01

    Although no set of principles can apply uniformly to all existentialists, certain basic characteristics of existentialism are central to both the nonreligious writers like Sartre and Camus and the theistic existentialists like Kierkegaard, Maritain, Marcel, Tillich, Berdyaev, and Buber. These characteristics are (1) an insistence that human life…

  13. The Stories of Confucius in The Tale of Konjyaku and in Medieval Japan: Balancing between Admiration and Sarcasm%『今昔物語集』及日本中世的孔子故事——礼赞与讽刺之间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高阳

    2011-01-01

    本文以『今昔物語集』和日本中世典籍中的孔子说话为研究对象.指出『今昔物語集』中的孔子像有着礼赞与讽刺的二元冲突,一方面对孔子所坚持的理念进行了讽刺,而另一方面则对孔子处处使用敬语表示尊重.而其后日本中世纪典籍中的孔子像则大多以垂迹[1]的方式被划入了佛教的怀抱,成为了佛教菩萨的化身,从而化解了日本孔子说话中自身的矛盾与冲突.笔者认为,这一文学现象是佛教作为外来文化与儒家、道教的中国本土文化,乃至神道教日本的本土文化从对立、并存到融合的一个文化发展轨迹的反映.『令昔物語集』则是这一现象的分水岭.

  14. 政治哲学与美学的共向旨归——从两则格言看尼采与孔子思想的会通%The same Orientation of Political Philosophy and Aesthetics —— Convergence of Nietzsche and Confucius ' s Thoughts in Two of Their Quotations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王维民

    2011-01-01

    Many scholars in recent years tend to set a comparative analysis with Nietzsche and Confucius's thoughts about their aesthetics and political philosophy, seeking for the convergence of the two. In the meaning of comparative culture, this discourse gives a specific study on two of their quotations which are "set your sights on the way, sustain yourself with excellence, lean upon authoritative conduct, and sojourn in the arts" in the Analects and "how the spirit becometh a camel, the camel a lion, and the lion at last a child" in Thus Spake Zarathustra, to find their similarity towards the orientation of life attitude and aesthetics.%近年来,不少国内外学人倾向于将尼采与孔子儒学思想进行对照研究,探寻尼采与中国儒学精神在美学一政治哲学思想上的会通。运用比较文化的手段,将《论语·泰伯》中一则语录“志于道,据于德,依于仁,游于艺”与尼采的《查拉图斯特拉如是说》中关于“精神的三种变形”的“精神如何变成骆驼,骆驼如何变成狮子,其后狮子如何变成孩童”予以细读与诠释,阐发二者在人生旨归和艺术哲学向度上的共向性。

  15. 儒家思想的当代商业伦理实践 ——以《论语》为例%Practice of Modern Business Ethics by Confucianism ——"Analects of Confucius"as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    改革开放以来,中国企业家积极引进西方商业模式,物质财富迅速增长.但与此同时,金钱至上等扭曲价值观甚嚣尘上,丧失道德底线的恶性事件屡屡发生.本文以《论语》为例,发掘儒家思想的当代商业价值,弥补当前中国商业伦理的不足,助力当代商业伦理实践.

  16. THE IMPACT OF URBAN HISTORIC CULTURAL LANDSCAPE PERCEPTION OF TOURISTS REVISIT INTENTION——A CASE STUDY OF CONFUCIUS TEMPLE IN NANJING%都市历史文化街区游客文化景观感知对重游意愿的影响——以南京夫子庙为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    锁宇; 孙景荣

    2014-01-01

    研究以南京夫子庙为例,从文化景观感知角度出发构建都市历史文化街区旅游者文化景观感知指标体系,探讨其对重游意愿的影响.研究发现,(1)游客文化景观感知分为四个维度:“曲艺表演和手工艺品文化景观感知”、“儒学建筑和名人故居文化景观感知”、“饮食文化和交通工具文化景观感知”、“节庆民俗活动文化景观感知”.(2)夫子庙历史文化街区游客对于文化景观感知的四个维度的认同度均和游客的重游意愿之间都有着显著的相关关系.(3)旅游者对夫子庙节庆民俗活动文化景观以及夫子庙饮食文化和交通工具文化景观的感知到的认同度越高,则其重游的意愿也就越强烈.

  17. Confirming that Confucius Must Have Begun Studying I Ching upon His Return from the Land of Lu at the Age of Sixty-eight: a Rejoinder to Mr. Guo Yi's Claimr%孔子学《易》必在六十八岁"自卫返鲁"之后——兼与郭沂先生商榷

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林冬月

    2009-01-01

    对于孔子何时开始深入研究学习的问题,学术界一直存在不同的看法,至今也没有定论.本文在综合已有史料及研究的基础上,论证孔子学必在68岁"自卫返鲁"之后.

  18. The search for virtue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikitović Aleksandar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In the combat for virtue, waged between Plato and the Sophists, Plato was striving to keep the contents of old Hellenic ethics, but not their mythical form, where Sophism discovered significant shortcomings and thanks to that challenged the whole contents of old Hellenic ethics. On the other hand, Plato accepted the new form of rational thinking, but not the dismantling unilateralism of Sohpism rationality. In other words, Plato embarked on theoreticizing the contents of old Hellenic ethics, aspiring to reconcile the fundamental principle of traditional view of the world with the new ruling form of thinking.

  19. PROBLEMS AND CONCEPTS OF GENERAL PLANETOLOGY,

    Science.gov (United States)

    PLANETS , PHYSICAL PROPERTIES), CHEMICAL PROPERTIES, PLANETARY ATMOSPHERES, EXOSPHERE, DENSITY, TEMPERATURE, VELOCITY, STARS, GASES, MARS, MERCURY ( PLANET ), EARTH, VENUS, PLATO, URANUS, SATURN, JUPITER

  20. Ética e educação: caminhos buberianos Ethics and education: buberian ways

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdinand Röhr

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A relação entre ética e Educação está sendo abordada em três aspectos: a educação ética, compreendida como iniciativa educacional, que visa ajudar o educando a se tornar ser ético; a ética pedagógica, que trata da ética do agir do educador; e a ética da comunidade dos educadores, que se volta para questões éticas envolvidas na colaboração dos educadores em projetos pedagógicos. Escolheu-se, como objeto de análise, o pensamento filosófico e pedagógico de Martin Buber enquanto proposta que se distingue tanto do dogmatismo quanto do relativismo ético. Não encontramos em Buber imperativos do agir ético, mas uma descrição de atitudes que nos auxiliam a identificar o caminho para uma vida ética. Em seu livro "O Caminho do Homem segundo a Doutrina Hassídica", utiliza-se de lendas que expressam o caminho ético-existencial a ser tomado pelo homem. O intento da nossa interpretação é abstrair o conteúdo religioso-místico das lendas e apresentar os fundamentos antropológicos e filosóficos do seu pensamento sobre a ética.The relationship between ethics and education is approached in three aspects: the ethical education, understood as the educational initiative that tries to help the learner become ethical; the pedagogical ethics, that deals with the educator's ethics of action; and the ethics of the community of educators, that looks into the ethical questions involved in the collaboration of educators in similar pedagogical projects. The philosophic and pedagogical thoughts of Martin Buber were chosen as a proposal that differs from both ethical dogmatism and ethical relativism. Instead of imperatives of ethical action, a description of attitudes that helps to identify the way to an ethical life can be found in Buber. In the book, "The way of man according to the teachings of Hasidism", Buber uses legends that express the ethical-existential road that a man should take. The intention of our interpretation of this

  1. 试论孔子教学过程中的素质教育思想%On the Confucian thoughts of quality education through his instruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史晓宇

    2001-01-01

    The thoughts of instruction of Confucius, which embodied the thoughts of quality education,has a substantial content and has exerted a great impact on the history of education in the world. The article, in terms of the requirements of Confucius to a teacher's teaching and a student's learning, discusses the influences and enlightenment to the modern quality education from the theory of instruction of Confucius.%孔子的教育思想内容丰富,其中有不少体现了素质教育的思想,在中外教育史上影响巨大。本文从孔子对教师教学和学生学习两方面的要求论述了孔子的教学理论对现代素质教育思想的影响和启示。

  2. A Modern Take on an Ancient Master

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    A new English translation of The Analects gives a fresh perspective on Confucius and his philosophy by Zan Jifang Confucius(551-491 B.C.) is generally viewed as ancient China’s foremost thinker.His philosophy is probably best catalogued in The Analects,a record of the sage’s wisdom compiled after his death.This Confucian classic provides a shortcut to understanding Chinese culture. A new English edition of the ancient classic(published by the Foreign Languages Press)

  3. Originalità e insularità: una discussione platonica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Chiara Pievatolo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In “Why Plato wrote”: the insularity of Platonic studies (Center for Hellenic Studies Research Bulletin, Harvard 2012 Andrea Capra discute un libro di Danielle S. Allen, Why Plato Wrote, edito nel 2010, ad accesso chiuso, da una multinazionale dell’editoria scientifica....

  4. The Inner (and Unavoidable?) Violence of Reason: Re-Reading Heidegger via Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    d'Agnese, Vasco

    2015-01-01

    Since Plato, Western thought has framed knowing as a method within "some realm of what is" and a predetermined "sphere of objects". The roots and the consequences of this stance towards reason and truth were noted by Heidegger, who equates the history of Western thought with the history of metaphysics. Since Plato, truth has…

  5. Heidegger's Reinscription of "Paideia" in the Context of Online Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roder, John; Naughton, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    One of the questions that Heidegger presents in his paper, "Plato's Doctrine on Truth", is the distortion as he sees it of paideia--that is the loss of the essential elements in education. This loss is characterised according to Heidegger, by a misconception of Plato's concept of teaching and learning. By undertaking an historical…

  6. Het spirituele in de kunst

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haakma, S.; Boer, Th. de; Brederode, D. van; Brattinga, T.; Munnik, F. de

    2001-01-01

    De relatie tussen spiritualiteit en kunst is van oudsher beladen. De Griekse filosoof Plato vond al dat dichters niet thuishoorden in de ideale stad. Sinds Plato gold kunst als de instantie van de schone schijn tegenover het denken. In de Bijbel staat een verbod op het maken van beelden. Tot in onze

  7. Computer-Based Science Education. CERL Report X-37.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bitzer, Donald L.; And Others

    The PLATO IV system of computer-based education developed at the University of Illinois is discussed. A brief description of the PLATO system operation is given, and lesson examples are provided for the areas of biology, geometry, chemistry, and physics. Basic problems in the field of computer-based education are discussed, along with possible…

  8. 48 Capabilities of Highly Educated People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Richard Tabor

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: To get beyond religious, philosophic, and political definitions of educatedness by going empirical. To redo Plato, in effect, by defining "the good" empirically. Background: This research was part of the Excellence Science (orthogonal disciplines) Research Project at the University of Chicago. That project redid Plato by…

  9. Response to Mackenzie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peers, Chris

    2014-01-01

    Chris Peers begins his response to Jim Mackenzie's article, "Peers on Socrates and Plato" by asking "What is the 'masculine imaginary?'" Peers defines the term "imaginary" as it is applied in his article, "Freud, Plato and Irigaray: A Morpho-Logic of Teaching and Learning" (2012) and draws…

  10. Computer-Based Legal Education at the University of Illinois: A Report of Two Years' Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maggs, Peter B.; Morgan, Thomas D.

    1975-01-01

    Describes experimentation with the Plato IV computer-assisted method of teaching law at the University of Illinois College of Law: development and testing of programs for teaching Future Interests and Offer and Acceptance, and law-related work currently being done on Plato. Potential, limitations, and student enthusiasm are summarized. (JT)

  11. Rotaryst lahkunud Valev Platot ümbritsevad segased rahaasjad / Nils Niitra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niitra, Nils, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Endine kaitseministri nõunik Valev Plato lahkus Rotary klubi liikmete ridadest. 2003. aastal kõrvaldati ta Tartu Ülikooli Kääriku spordibaasi direktori ametikohalt segaduste tõttu rahaasjades. Tartu Rotary klubi presidendi Andrus Ansipi arvamus Plato klubist lahkumise kohta

  12. Rotaryst lahkunud Valev Platot ümbritsevad segased rahaasjad / Nils Niitra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niitra, Nils, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Endine kaitseministri nõunik Valev Plato lahkus Rotary klubi liikmete ridadest. 2003. aastal kõrvaldati ta Tartu Ülikooli Kääriku spordibaasi direktori ametikohalt segaduste tõttu rahaasjades. Tartu Rotary klubi presidendi Andrus Ansipi arvamus Plato klubist lahkumise kohta

  13. Ciertas cuestiones sobre el εἴδωλον

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Bertha Nova C.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Plato's Sophist presents central epistemological problems. One of the main topics of this dialogue is that the character and roll of the image -a mere copy- is a constitutive component of the sophistical pseudo-knowledge. Therefore, Plato tries to analyze the difference among Image, Identity, Sameness and Predication.

  14. The Test Matters: The Relationship between Classroom Observation Scores and Teacher Value Added on Multiple Types of Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossman, Pam; Cohen, Julie; Ronfeldt, Matthew; Brown, Lindsay

    2014-01-01

    In this study, we examined how the relationships between one observation protocol, the Protocol for Language Arts Teaching Observation (PLATO), and value-added measures shift when different tests are used to assess student achievement. Using data from the Measures of Effective Teaching Project, we found that PLATO was more strongly related to the…

  15. Response to Mackenzie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peers, Chris

    2014-01-01

    Chris Peers begins his response to Jim Mackenzie's article, "Peers on Socrates and Plato" by asking "What is the 'masculine imaginary?'" Peers defines the term "imaginary" as it is applied in his article, "Freud, Plato and Irigaray: A Morpho-Logic of Teaching and Learning" (2012) and draws…

  16. A Roof without Walls: Benjamin Bloom's Taxonomy and the Misdirection of American Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booker, Michael J.

    2007-01-01

    Plato wrote that higher order thinking could not start until the student had mastered conventional wisdom. The American educational establishment has turned Plato on his head with the help of a dubious approach to teaching developed by one Benjamin Bloom. Bloom's taxonomy was intended for higher education, but its misappropriation has resulted in…

  17. Philosophy from the outside in: Rosenzweig’s critical project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goetschel Willi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines Rosenzweig’s philosophic project in the context of his time as a critical intervention in the discussion of the place of Jewish thought in the university and in society. If Hermann Cohen represented the first generation of Jewish philosophers claiming that participation in the university is constitutive for the institution’s claim to universalism, the second generation-represented by Martin Buber - was more diffident about the university and its openness. For Buber, literary modernism offered what the university would refuse. Disappointed about the failure of the recognition of the efforts of the previous two generations, Rosenzweig represents the third generation. He turns the situation into a creative response anchoring philosophy as a project that calls for a resolute move outside the university.

  18. Religious existentialists about the phenomenon of the crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. H. Karpova

    2014-04-01

    M. Buber distinguishes sociological nature of the crisis and the crisis of the spirit. It focuses attention on the relationship «loneliness – a crisis». Analyzing contemporary anthropological crisis, he associates it with the theme of technological progress and decline of spirituality. So the philosopher comes to clarify three areas of human life, which manifests itself through the crisis of the human soul. There is such area of life: technology, economy and political practice. They, said M. Buber, formed in the human soul loneliness and emptiness. Marcel and Jaspers also drew attention to the problem of the relationship of «man – machinery». They noted the influence of the existence of such a relationship crisis and decline in spirituality.

  19. Perfect and imperfect states

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikitović Aleksandar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Early Greek ethics embodied in Cretan and Spartan mores, served as a model for Plato`s political theory. Plato theorized the contents of early Greek ethics, aspiring to justify and revitalize the fundamental principles of a traditional view of the world. However, according to Plato`s new insight, deed is further from the truth than a thought i.e. theory. The dorian model had to renounce its position to the perfect prototype of a righteous state, which is a result of the inner logic of philosophical theorizing in early Greek ethics. Prototype and model of philosophical reflection, in comparison to philosophical theory, becomes minor and deficient. Philosophical theorizing of early Greek ethics philosophically formatted Greek heritage, initiating substantial changes to the content of traditional ethics. Replacement of the myth with ontology, as a new foundation of politics, transformed early Greek ethics in various relevant ways. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179049

  20. The fourth Dimension

    CERN Document Server

    Schweitzer, Eugen

    2009-01-01

    In different passages of his dialogues, Plato showed deep mathematically-based physical insights. Regrettably most readers overlooked the respective statements, or they utterly did not understand those hints since they were full of philological fallacious terms. Respectable translators misinterpreted such statements and therefore Plato's respective remarks were not recognized as substantial knowledge. Furthermore, Plato often supplemented such basic remarks by diffusely veiled and varied allusions that were often ironically hidden somewhere in his dialogues by inconspicuous double meanings. However, this mode of intentionally coded discrete communication was generally not understood because such irony is not to everyone's taste. However, the attempts to reconstruct Plato's system on the basis of admittedly individually interpreted double meanings lead to a conclusive mathematical-physical cyclical system of dimensions. Additionally it was possible to assign Plato's system of philosophical ideas analogously to...

  1. Chosification et déchosification chez Simone de Beauvoir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain Rhéault

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available En appliquant aux textes de Simone de Beauvoir un modèle d’analyse du combat inspiré des travaux de Martin Buber, la présente étude propose de distinguer les stratégies philosophiques propres à chacun des combats décrits chez Simone de Beauvoir avant de proposer une explication quant à la similitude des stratégies littéraires.

  2. The management of interaction networks. The ???in-between??? concept within social work and counseling

    OpenAIRE

    Hern??ndez-Aristu, Jes??s

    2015-01-01

    We are familiar with the field of group interaction through the traditional work of Kurt Lewin and also systemic thinking talks about network interaction that builds up the system. Martin Buber also discusses the ???in-between??? concept as the third element.The therapist or counselor, social worker and clients are part of an interaction network, representing therapeutic and social working situations. Success in treatment and reflective processes, depends on the perception and managemen...

  3. 土家族"犀牛"图腾崇拜体现的生命意识与儒家伦理思想研究——以渝东南湘鄂渝黔边区酉水流域为例%Research into life consciousness and Confucius ethics thoughts embodied by Tujia Nationality rhinoceros totem worship——Taking the border of Hunan, Hubei, Chongqing and Guizhou in southeast Chongqing as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白俊奎

    2007-01-01

    土家族犀牛图腾崇拜体现了儒家伦理思想的生命意识、和谐思想、厚生意蕴、佑民情怀,这在湘鄂渝黔交界处的渝东南土家族文化、文学、田野材料及《同治增修酉阳直隶州总志》、《白民族谱》等史志文献都有表现.土家族地区如渝东南酉水流域广布"犀牛"图腾崇拜、神秘葬俗,犀牛望月、犀牛潭、犀牛洞土司坟、犀牛救民,犀牛地葬母佑子孙等民俗事象,大量出现在民间文学中,世代相传,值得深究.

  4. Cooperative Learning in a Hong Kong Primary School: Perceptions, Problems and Accommodation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Kam Wing

    2014-01-01

    Some educators may see cooperative learning as a Western pedagogy that is difficult to use in Eastern countries with a Confucian Heritage, while others argue that the philosophy of Confucius parallels the elements of cooperative learning. This article reports the key findings of a 2-year longitudinal study that investigated the perceptions of…

  5. Conceptions of Lifelong Learning in Confucian Culture: Their Impact on Adult Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Weiyuan

    2008-01-01

    The philosophy and practice of lifelong learning has a long history in China, being traceable to Confucius's idea (circa 500 BC) of "education for all". However, very little research has been done on the development of the Confucian idea of lifelong learning in ancient China, or on its influence on current practices of lifelong learning within the…

  6. Socratic Knowledge, Christian Love, Confucian Virtue and Buddhist Emptiness: Guiding Principles for Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarken, Rodney

    2010-01-01

    Socrates' view of knowledge, Jesus' conception of love, Confucius' idea of virtue and Buddha's path of emptiness provide valuable insights and guiding principles to help us achieve a well-rounded education. Each of these individuals caused a transformation in the individual and collective lives of their followers and their respective societies…

  7. The Highest State of Being and Knowing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarken, Rodney H.

    This paper identifies the most influential paradigmatic individuals in human history, Socrates, Confucius, Buddha, Jesus, Muhammad, and Baha'u'llah, and presents their individual conceptions of the highest state of being and knowing, comparing the commonalities of those conceptualizations. Each proposes a state that might be described as…

  8. Global China Insights December 2013

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Segers, Rien T.; Havinga, Marieke; Fischer, Ingrid

    2013-01-01

    Journal in which the Groningen Confucius Institute (GCI) shares different perspectives on China and provides insights into China from as many different aspects as possible. GCI aims to provide a full view of real China to the readers as well as featuring international and comprehensive perspectives,

  9. Global China Insights June 2014 : CGI

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Segers, Rien T.; Fischer, Ingrid

    2013-01-01

    Journal in which the Groningen Confucius Institute (GCI) shares different perspectives on China and provides insights into China from as many different aspects as possible. GCI aims to provide a full view of real China to the readers as well as featuring international and comprehensive perspectives,

  10. Gourmet Heaven—Fuzimiao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    IN Nanjing, capital of Jiangsu Province and capitals of China for six dynasties, there is a food street—Fuzimiao, or Confucius Temple Street. Nanjingers and those who had been to Nanjing would naturally connect delicious food with Fuzimiao, so that visitors are impressed with feeling that if they want to know Nanjing they must visit Fuzimiao.

  11. The Reflection of Confucian and Socratic Philosophies on College English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘斌; 李宝红

    2013-01-01

    The thesis made a comparative study of philosophies of Confucius and Socrates.Through the explanation and exploration of Confucian and Socratic philosophies,the reflections on the Col ege English teaching are drawn.The traditional teaching conception should be improved and cultural consciousness of communication and reservation should be developed as wel .

  12. Investigating Morals and Values in Today's Society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garnett, Paul D.

    This responsibility education activity book for grades 5-10 offers a set of materials that reflect students' interests and motivation for values education. The book is built around three moral principles: (1) "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you" (Confucius, 513 B.C.); (2) "The end does not justify the means" (Immanuel Kant, "The…

  13. Women on Women Femininity and Independence in the Work of Chinese Contemporary Female Artists

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jade; Franklin

    2007-01-01

    ■The history of China, as seen through the eyes of a Chinese woman, would no doubt present a very different story to that which we are accustomed to. The centuries of oppression endured by Chinese women were ratified by the teachings of Confucius which assert that

  14. San Shi Er Li,China's Reform and Opening up

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Chinese Confucius said 2000 years ago, "At fifteen.I set my heart upon learning. At thirty,I had planted my feet firm upon the ground. At forty,I no longer suffered from perplexities. At fifty,I knew what the biddings & heaven were.

  15. Ai Ping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    "As famous ancient Chinese philosopher Confucius said,’Do not do unto others what you would not have others do unto you.’ As China doesn’t want other countries to interfere with its internal affairs,it will never do so to other countries."

  16. 新羅・花郎徒衆の忠と薩摩武士の忠の比較検討 : 古代中国思想に見る四つの忠を媒介として

    OpenAIRE

    西中, 研二||ニシナカ, ケンジ||Nishinaka, Kenji

    2012-01-01

    In order to study the loyalty that is the foundation of the Bushido spirit of Japan and Chinaand Korea. It is important to make a basis for comparing the loyalty of each country. At first I found the origin of the concept of the loyalty in the Analects of Confucius. And It was named

  17. Experiencing Success: Some Strategies for Planning the Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donovan, Timothy; Porter, Richard; Stellar, James

    2010-01-01

    The concept of experiential learning, in one form or another, has been around a long time, some would say going back to Confucius. More recently, however, within the United States it was put into practice in a very aggressive form, cooperative education, created by Herman Schneider and initiated at the University of Cincinnati (UC) in 1906.…

  18. Long History and Splendid Culture——The Exhibition of Beijing Historical Relics in the Capital Museum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    In the eastern part of Beijing, there is a quiet and ancient lane known as Guozijian Street, which was the location of the school of highest learning during the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties (1271-1911). The Capital Museum is located inside the Temple of Confucius on this street. To help people

  19. The Analysis of the Thematic Progression Patterns in "The Great Learning"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王利娜; 金俊淑

    2007-01-01

    This paper intends to introduce briefly the thematic progression patterns in Systemic- Functional Grammar, then analyze its application in "The Great Learning" which is one of the classics of the Confucius and his disciples. The analysis of the thematic progression patterns of "The Great Learning" is meaningful for both understanding and appreciating "The Great Learning".

  20. The Comparison of English - Chinese Thematic Structures and its Application in Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董海楠

    2013-01-01

    The thesis explores the similarity and difference in Theme - Rheme structure between English and Chinese language through Analects of Confucius with its English translation. The thesis also inspects the differences between these two languages from the perspective of mental patterns,expression customs and information distribution to investigate strategies of the mutual translation.

  1. Bioethics in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Chinese civilization has a long history of 5,000years. It is China's fine tradition to attach importance to ethics and morality, that is "All must regard self-cultivation as the root." Confucius once said that "Benevolence means love of people." He advocated respecting people, concerning about people and caring for people.

  2. The Alignment of Small States: Singapore and Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    signed agreements on educational cooperation, science and technology, cultural cooperation and the establishment of a Confucius Institute in Singapore...on a broad mix of international relations theory ranging from structural realism to neoliberal institutionalism to the second order effects of... neoliberal institutionalism and domestic political influence. After those examinations, the following section will use the theories presented to develop a

  3. Pedagogy: East and West, Then and Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Kai-Ming

    2011-01-01

    This is the first of six commentaries discussing Zongjie Wu's essay, "Interpretation, autonomy, and transformation". Wu's analyses of pedagogy have opened a new window for looking at the essence of education. The comparison of Confucius's pedagogy with contemporary teaching in China provides a striking contrast. However, perhaps it is…

  4. The Cultural City of Qufu:Its Past,Present and Future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>1. General Situation of Qufu As the hometown of Confucius and the cra-dle of Confucianism, Qufu is famous for its long history of more than 6,000 years and its rich heritages of Chinese traditional cul-ture, especially the Confucian culture.

  5. Mrs. Chase and her descendants: a historical view of simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nickerson, Michael; Pollard, Melissa

    2010-01-01

    "I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand". This ancient proverb written by Confucius both sums up simulation and emphasizes the educational merits of performance practice and experiential learning. The history behind simulation shows a progression not only in technological advances but, more importantly, in promoting adult learning principles and improving patient safety.

  6. The Culture of Aging

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    VALERIE; SARTOR

    2009-01-01

    Dissimilarities between the Chinese and Western cultures are vast.Aging significantly points to these differences.The great Chinese thinker Confucius expressed very definite thoughts about his own aging process.In many ways his words contrast with the verses of the famous Western playwright,

  7. Books Day by Day: Anniversaries, Anecdotes, and Activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohanian, Susan

    Celebrating centuries of the written word--from the works of Confucius, Shakespeare, and Ben Franklin to the adventures of Nancy Drew and Harry Potter--this book offers a literary smorgasbord of milestones, anecdotes, and quotes, along with smart, fun, practical activities for exploring and enjoying a wide range of literature. More than a calendar…

  8. Historic Milestone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    As a well-known Confucius saying reads, "At 30 years old, Iplanted my feet firm upon the ground." It means a 30-year-old is ex-pected to be mature and established. That is also true for the relationsbetween China and the United States.

  9. Older Adult Education: New Public Pedagogy in 21st Century Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ya-hui

    2015-01-01

    The lifelong learning concept of "never too late to learn" advocated by Confucius has gradually become rooted in the lives of Taiwanese adults and seniors. In response to the impact of population ageing and low fertility rates, numerous elementary schools, junior high schools, and universities have allocated resources and space to…

  10. Global China Insights June 2014

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ingrid Fischer; Rien T. Segers

    2013-01-01

    Journal in which the Groningen Confucius Institute (GCI) shares different perspectives on China and provides insights into China from as many different aspects as possible. GCI aims to provide a full view of real China to the readers as well as featuring international and comprehensive perspectives,

  11. 新羅・花郎徒衆の忠と薩摩武士の忠の比較検討 : 古代中国思想に見る四つの忠を媒介として

    OpenAIRE

    西中, 研二||ニシナカ, ケンジ||Nishinaka, Kenji

    2012-01-01

    In order to study the loyalty that is the foundation of the Bushido spirit of Japan and Chinaand Korea. It is important to make a basis for comparing the loyalty of each country. At first I found the origin of the concept of the loyalty in the Analects of Confucius. And It was named

  12. WEEKLY WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    HOLD IT RIGHT Liu Fencheng,a local Chinese,was invited to instruct Kenyan students of the Confucius Institute at the University of Nairobi in the correct usage of a brush when writing Chinese calligraphy.Inviting Chinese to teach calligraphy has been much welcomed by the institute's students,along with their enthusiasm in learing Chinese.

  13. 孔子“仁”、“智”思想研究%On Confucius’Benevolence and Wisdom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宇汝松

    2014-01-01

    仁是孔子思想的核心,兼有人的内在情志和外在规范;智是人所特有的理性认知和道德选择能力。在孔子思想的概念群中,智是唯一能与仁平行对举的德目,仁与智相互依存、相得益彰,是儒家理想人格和精神境界的必要构成。在孔子的人道关怀中,智而仁是成人的基本进路,仁且智则是成圣的逻辑旨归。%Benevolence is the core of Confucius' thought,and has the connotations of human's internalized affection and externalized code of ethics. Intelligence is human's uni×ue ability of rational cognition and moral choice. Wisdom gradually comes from the study and practice of moral conscience. In the concept groups of Confucius thought,only Wisdom is really appositional and parallel to Benevolence. The two are interdependent and complementary each other,which are the essential constitutions of Confucian ideal personality and spiritual realm. The basic purpose of Confucius thought is to become an ideal person,which makes wisdom some prior to benevolence. The ultimate aim of Confucius thought is to become holy,which needs the perfect unity of Wisdom and Benevolence.

  14. Delegation of Morocco-China Friendship and Exchange Association Visits China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ai; Lin

    2013-01-01

    <正>Adelegation of the Morocco-China Friendship and Exchange Association(MCFEA)led by Chairman Mohammed Khalil visited China from June 1 to 7 at the invitation of the CPAFFC.The delegation visited the Beijing Sports University,Confucius Institute Headquarters and the50 Moganshan Road Contemporary Art

  15. West Meets East: The Early Civilizations of India and China. Grade 6 Model Lesson for Unit IV. California History-Social Science Course Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

    This unit for sixth graders focuses on the origins of Chinese civilization, the rise of early Chinese imperial centers, and the breakdown of order by the beginning of the sixth century B.C. Among the topics in the unit are: Early history and geography of India; Buddhism; Early history and geography of China; Confucius; and Culture, politics,…

  16. Neoliberalistliku ego õitseng või agoonia? / Mart Ojasalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojasalu, Mart

    2008-01-01

    Järg 27. veebr. lk. 6-7. Autori arvates ei hävita ultraliberalism ainult eetilisi inimsuhteid, vaid mässib eestlased pangalaenude ja liisingutega pangaorjusesse, mille tasateenimisele kulub kogu elu. 21. sajand on loodusvarasid raiskava vabaturumajanduse lõpp, selle vahetab välja ökoloogiline "meie"-tunnetusel põhinev Confuciuse elustiil

  17. Effects of Cognitive Styles on an MSN Virtual Learning Companion System as an Adjunct to Classroom Instructions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Sheng-Wen

    2011-01-01

    This study designed a chatbot system, Confucius, as a MSN virtual learning companion to examine how specific application design variables within educational software affect the learning process of subjects as defined by the cognitive continuum of field-dependent and field-independent learners. 104 college students participated in a 12 week…

  18. Fiesta, gimnasia y república: lectura espartana de tres modelos estatalistas de educación física (Platón, Rousseau y el Jacobinismo revolucionario Party, gymnastics and republic: Spartan vision on three national patterns of physical education (Plato, Rousseau and the revolutionary Jacobinism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Angel BETANCOR

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Constatando la importante influencia que el modelo pedagógico espartano ha ejercido a lo largo de la historia de la educación, los autores rastrean las huellas de esta ascendencia en tres momentos históricos: en la filosofía platónica, en la teoría política de Rousseau y en el estatalismo jacobino de la Revolución Francesa. De conformidad con el ejemplo de una austera e idealizada Esparta, cuajará —en cada uno de los momentos históricos referidos— la idea de celebrar fiestas públicas —de marcado carácter cívico y social— con manifestaciones gimnásticas y deportivas. De esta manera las fiestas gimnásticas al aire libre también serán un magnífico instrumento para la educación político-social del pueblo.The autors have studied the important influence which the Spartan educational model has had in the long history of education, they have traced this development in three historical moments: in Platonic philosophy, in the political theories of Rousseau and in Jacobin period during the French Revolution. The austere and idealised Sparta, which was established in each of the previously mentioned historical eras, the idea of celebrating public festivals, with a distinct civil and social character —with gimnastic displays are a magnificiant tool for socialising and politically education the general public.

  19. Efectos de la extrusión o peletización de la dieta de engorda sobre la respuesta productiva de la trucha arcoiris (Oncorhynchus mykiss tamaño plato Effects of pelletization or extrusion of the fattening diet on production performance of pan size rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. POKNIAK

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The effect of pelletization or extrusion of a fattening diet fed to rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss from 60 ± 5 g up to 270 ± 10 g live weight on productive performance, carcass yield, hepatosomatic index, chemical composition of edible part (fillet and economic advantage of both diets was studied. The productive performance was evaluated by the live weight, feed consumption (FC, feed efficiency (FE, specific growth rate and total mortality. The fish fed the extruded diet presented lower FC and a better FE than those fed the pelleted diet (p<0.05, the others parameters were rather similar between the treatments assayed. The carcass yield, hepatosomatic index and chemical composition were not affected (p0.05 by feeding extruded or pelleted diet. The extruded diet presented a lower cost for each kg of live weight or net kg (live weight corrected by carcass yield of rainbow trout produced when the FE and the cost of diet were included, with no consideration of the cost of the processes . Feeding an extruded diet to pan size rainbow trout could have some productive advantages expressed by a better FE and a relative lesser cost per total or net kg of trout gained compare to a pelleted diet. Finally as the feed consumption of extruded diet was lower than the pelleted one a lesser amount of residues can be expected with a lower negative environmental impact as well

  20. The use of low glycemic and high satiety index food dishes in Mexico: a low cost approach to prevent and control obesity and diabetes El empleo del índice glucémico y platos con un índice de saciedad elevada en México: un abordaje de bajo coste para prevenir y controlar la obesidad y la diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Jiménez-Cruz

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Obesity and diabetes are epidemics in Mexico and the prevalence is currently highest among the low-income population. The aim of the present study was to compare the action of different breakfasts on satiety and subsequent food intake among healthy women. Eight healthy women participated in the study. Participants were given four experimental breakfasts. Visual analogue rating scales were completed before and every 30 minutes for 3 hours after each experimental meal to record subjective feelings of satiety. Subjects were exposed to an ad libitum buffet 3 h after the experimental breakfast. Energy and macronutrient intakes were calculated at each meal. Mean ± SD SAUC for white bread was 355 ± 60, for rice and bananas: 405 ± 108, for whole wheat bread and boiled beans: 446 ± 83, and for fruit salad: 585 ± 79 (TableII. Statistical differences were observed among the four experimental meals (p = 0,002. After the consumption of white bread, energy intake was the highest with 872 ± 58 kcal, and after the consumption of fruit salad the intake of calories was the lowest: 461 ± 51 kcal. Energy intake 4 h after each breakfast shows statistical differences (p =0,0001. These results suggest the need to promote culturally based combined foods with high fiber and low GI, as well as foods with high volume and water content. This approach might contribute to the prevention of obesity by increasing satiety and reducing food consumption and energy intake.La obesidad y la diabetes son una epidemia en México y la prevalencia es superior en la población de más bajos ingresos. El objetivo del presente estudio fue comparar el efecto de diferentes desayunos sobre la saciedad y el consumo subsecuente de alimentos en mujeres sanas. Ocho mujeres participaron en el estudio, a quienes se les dieron cuatro desayunos. Se les solicitó llenar la escala de análogo visual antes y cada 30 minutos durante 3 horas, después de cada alimento para registrar la percepción de hambre. Tres horas después de los alimentos se les expuso a un buffet para su consumo ad libitum. Se calculó la ingesta de energía y macronutrientes en cada episodio.El promedio de el Área de saciedad bajo la curva (ASBC fue para el pan blanco de 355 ± 60, para arroz con plátano de 405 ± 108, para pan integral y judías cocidas de 446 ± 83, y para ensalada de frutas de 585 ± 79 (tablaII. Se observó diferencias de saciedad entre los cuatro alimentos experimentales (p = 0,002. Después del consumo de pan blanco, se observó el mayor consumo de energía, con 872 ± 58 kcal, y posterior al consumo de la ensalada de frutas, se observó el consumo más bajo: 461 ± 51 kcal. La ingesta de energía cuatro horas después de cada desayuno fue diferente (p = 0,0001.