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Sample records for platform qian yu

  1. Evaluation of Chinese medicine Qian-Yu for chronic bacterial prostatitis in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinhu Wu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives : Qian-Yu (QY, a Chinese medicine formula, has anti-inflammatory and broad spectrum anti-bacterial activity. This study is undertaken to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of Qian-Yu (QY in chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP. Materials and Methods : The potential of QY in the treatment of CBP was evaluated using a CBP animal model by examining the anti-inflammatory activity. Its consequences were analyzed by immunological and histopathological methods. Experimental chronic bacterial prostatitis was induced by instillation of bacterial suspension of Escherichia coli 7.5 ΄ 10 5 CFU/ml into the prostatic urethra. Animals were followed up for four weeks and then treated with either 7 mg/kg QY or 7 mg/kg positive control agent-Qianlietai (QLT or 1 ml of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS for the controls. Ten rats in each group were sacrificed at the end of four weeks. The inhibition of inflammation and its consequences were analyzed histologically. Prostatic IL-8, SIgA and zinc concentrations were measured by ELISA, RIA and ICP-AES, respectively. The data was expressed as mean ± S.D. Least-significant difference (LSD of one-way ANOVA (SPSS 12.0 was used to determine the differences of scores. Results : The histopathology showed resolving prostatitis in QY-and QLT-treated groups and the immunology showed reduction of IL-8 and increment of SIgA contents in prostatic tissues as compared to the control groups. The prostatic zinc levels were higher in the QY-and QLT-treated groups than those in the controls. These results suggested that QY is effective in CBP treatment.

  2. Memorial to Xuesen Qian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gengdong Cheng

    2010-01-01

    @@ Xuesen Qian(Hsue-Shen Tsien),the father of China's rocketry and space technology,was born in Shanghai on 11 December 1911.He graduated from the Shanghai Jiaotong University in 1934 and received a degree in mechanical engineering there.He then spent an internship at Nanchang Air Force Base.

  3. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  4. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  5. Prose Writer Si Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    SI Yu, pen name of Zhan Shaojuan, is well known through her prose works. During the recent more than ten years, Chinese prose writing has developed rapidly, from its previous level to the present flourishing conditions. Si Yu is a distinguished woman writer, whose creative prose alternately displays either

  6. Inspired Violinist Yu Lina

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    YU Lina is a famous Chinese violinist and a professor at the Shanghai Conservatory of Music. In 1959, she became famous when she collaborated with classmates He Zhanhao and Chen Gang from the Conservatory on a violin concerto called "Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai" which is based on a well-known folk tale.~* The concerto combined Shaoxing opera and Western-style music.

  7. [Textual research on Newly Carved sun Zhenren's Qian jin fang].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, L

    1995-01-01

    As one of the ancient edition of Qian jin fang, this Newly Carved Sun Zhenren's Qian Jin Fang is far more authentic in the structure of its contents and its text, as compared to those editions of the Song Dynasty, and is, of course, closer to its original form and more reliable with textual significance. This article explores the distribution, characters of the edition and time of carving.

  8. Five Theories on Architectural Sciences by Qian Xuesen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GuMengchao

    2004-01-01

    Qian Xuesen made initiative theoretic contribution to architectu-ral sciences in five aspects: the theory for positioning architectural science, the theory for positioning architectural philosophy, the theory for setting up Chinese landscape architecture; the theory for setting up urbanology, and the theory for building Chinese “shan-shui city”. Studying, deepening and perfecting Qian's theories are of momentous importance for the development of China' s architectural sciences.

  9. Congratulation to Professor Renyuan Qian on the Occasion of His 80th Birthday——Biographic Sketch of Professor Renyuan Qian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    @@ Renyuan Qian was born on September 19, 1917 in Changshu, Jiangsu province.He graduated from the Chemistry Department of Zhejiang University in 1939. In the year of 1943, he went to the United States to take postgraduate studies mainly in the University of Wisconsin.

  10. Preface in dedication to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jesse Zhu; Xiaotao Bi

    2006-01-01

    @@ This special issue of China PARTICUOLOGY is dedicated to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu of Tsinghua University, China, to celebrate over five decades of their careers in chemical engineering research and education.

  11. Preface in dedication to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jesse; Zhu; Xiaotao; Bi

    2006-01-01

      This special issue of China PARTICUOLOGY is dedicated to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu of Tsinghua University, China, to celebrate over five decades of their careers in chemical engineering research and education.……

  12. Sima Qian's Music Criticism%司马迁音乐批评思想初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李波

    2015-01-01

    Most music critical thoughts of Sima Qian are expressed for a large numbers of historical music data recorded in Historical Records. Those music critical thoughts are based on criticism for the music development, composers, performances, players and their musical activities. In addition to his consistent attitude of Confucianism for music criticism, Sima Qian appreciated the music creation and performances. This makes his music criticism presented with the political morality, and a breakthrough in music expressing the individual' s emotions. Hence, Sima Qian by Historical Records established a model for music criticism.%司马迁的音乐批评思想大多通过《史记》对大量音乐史料的记载而呈现出来. 这种以人物批评为主的间接式音乐批评包含对音乐发展历史的批评、对历代制乐者的批评、对一般历史人物音乐活动的批评、对乐人及其音乐活动的批评等等. 在批评的标准问题上除了坚持儒家一贯的批评原则,司马迁对"发愤著书"式的音乐创作及表演也是极为欣赏的.这使其音乐批评思想一方面坚持了政治道德的批判立场,另一方面也有所突破而肯定了情感在音乐中的个性抒发. 藉此,司马迁通过《史记》树立了正史音乐批评的典范形态.

  13. The Relationship of Yu Dafu's "Trouble of Sex" and "Creation of ChenLun"%论郁达夫“性的苦闷”与《沉沦》的创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟松

    2011-01-01

    Trouble of Sex "is considered one of the most important character in Yu Dafu's autobiographical fiction,from Qian Xingcun put forward in 1928 for the first time," Trouble of Sex " was used by the later researchers constantly." the creation of ChenLun and Yu Dafu' trouble of sex when he studyed in Japan have a close relationship actually.%"性的苦闷"被认为是郁达夫自传体小说的一个重要特征,从钱杏邨1928年评论《沉沦》时首次提出开始,"性的苦闷"便被后来的研究者们不厌其烦的使用。《沉沦》是的创作,也确实与郁达夫留学日本时遭遇的"性的苦闷"有着密切的关系。

  14. Analysis of Sima Qian's Criticism of Qu Yuan's "Li Sao"%司马迁屈骚批评析义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝明朝

    2014-01-01

    司马迁与屈原均以宏文名垂千古,但屈原之“志”为“存君兴国”,即通过君王来实现其“美政”理想,把楚国的事情办好;司马迁之“志”是撰著《史记》,以期名垂后世。屈原“无我”,司马迁“为我”;屈原无心插柳柳成荫,司马迁则是有意栽花花盛开。%Sima Qian and Qu Yuan go down in history for their master pieces. But Qu Yuan's "ambition" is "save your country", namely by the emperor to realize the ideal of "beautifying politics" of the Chu state affairs; Sima Qian's "ambition" is writing"historical records" in order to leave a name in history. Qu Yuan holds on the idea of"without me",while Sima Qian holds "for me"; Qu Yuan becomes famous without intention but Sima Qian intends to be well known.

  15. Regional distribution of putative NPY Y*U1 receptors and neurons expressing Y*U1 mRNA in forebrain areas of the rat central nervous system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Philip J.; Sheikh, Søren P.; Jakobsen, Cherine R.

    1993-01-01

    Anatomi, neurobiologi, neuropeptide Y, NPY analogues, receptor autoradiography, in situ hybridization histochemistry, Y*U1 mRNA, Y*U1 andY*U2 receptors, rat......Anatomi, neurobiologi, neuropeptide Y, NPY analogues, receptor autoradiography, in situ hybridization histochemistry, Y*U1 mRNA, Y*U1 andY*U2 receptors, rat...

  16. A new species of Begonia L.(Begoniaceae) from Yunnan, Chinas Y. Y. Qian; New species; China%云南秋海棠属一新种

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱义咏

    2001-01-01

    @@ Begonia menglianensis Y. Y. Qian, sp. nov. (Sect. Platycentrum Ser. Cathayanae). Fig. 1 Habitu B. versicolori lrmsch. similis, sed foliorum laminis supra glabris, florum staminatorum tepalis 4, capsularum alis majoribus ligulatis, 20~22 mm longis differt.

  17. Chronological Records of Li Anzhai and Yu Shiyu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hongliang

    2013-01-01

    In the history of Chinese ethnolo-gy, Li Anzhai and Yu Shiyu were not only life partners, but also an important academic married couple, especially in Tibetology.Li Anzhai was not only a representative in frontier research in China , but also a core figure in the West China school of Anthropology .He also has an important position in the history of modern academics . Yu Shiyu had an extremely rich talent for languages , and was good at sorting out bibliographies .Moreo-ver, she was interested in field investigation , which laid a solid foundation for her research on Tibetology .She also provided important support for Li Anzhai’ s fieldwork in Tibetan areas.The cou-ple ’ s academic life blended with each other , and they could be regarded as “two birds with the same destination” ( tianya tongming niao) . The life of this couple can help us understand that their life was both manifested and hidden from view by the times, and their academic life was both created and destroyed by the times .With regard to their academic position and social impact , it was a pity that their academic research did not meet the expectation of academic circles . Within various works related to the review of the history of the dis-ciplines, the couple was always included , in spite of the fact that the introductions to them were al-ways very simple .Although they are mentioned in some sporadic works , most of these works are only introductory articles or book reviews . Up until now, no one has systematically researched their life and academic thought .Hence, the author, by combing through various documents and archives , gives a chronological record of Li Anzhai ’ s and Yu Shiyu ’ s life story and academic achievements in order to provide basic historical data for academ-ic circles to carry out further research on the histo-ry of the discipline .

  18. Yu's Wavelet-a New Wavelet Used to Improve Resolution in Seismic Data Processing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan Weicui; Liu Jiren

    1996-01-01

    @@ Yu Shoupeng, a senior geophysicist in Bureau of Geophysical Prospecting (BGP) of China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) announced his new researched result - a broad band Ricker wavelet in Science and Technology Fair of (Geophysical Research Institute)GRI early this year. For his result, Yu,Shoupeng was rewarded with First Prize of GRI and all participants of the fair were impressed very much by his work. The new wavelet was named as Yu's wavelet.

  19. Dr. Yu Wenqiu's Experience in Treating Seborrheic Alopecia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ding Xiongfei

    2007-01-01

    @@ In China, the occurrence of seborrheic alopecia is on the rise. Chief physician Yu Wenqiu, by combining the rich experience obtained by physicians at all times with his own long-term clinical practice, has developed Shenying Yihao Shengfa Tang and Shenying Erhao Shengfa Tang(神应Ⅰ号生发汤Decoction for Hair Growth No.Ⅰand 神应Ⅱ号生发汤 Decoction for Hair Growth No. Ⅱ), which have yielded very good therapeutic effects for seborrheic alopecia. Following is an introduction to his experience in this aspect.

  20. Orbital Picture of Yu-Shiba-Rusinov Multiplets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruby, Michael; Peng, Yang; von Oppen, Felix; Heinrich, Benjamin W; Franke, Katharina J

    2016-10-28

    We investigate the nature of Yu-Shiba-Rusinov (YSR) subgap states induced by single manganese (Mn) atoms adsorbed on different surface orientations of superconducting lead (Pb). Depending on the adsorption site, we detect a distinct number and characteristic patterns of YSR states around the Mn atoms. We suggest that the YSR states inherit their properties from the Mn d levels, which are split by the surrounding crystal field. The periodicity of the long-range YSR oscillations allows us to identify a dominant coupling of the d states to the outer Fermi sheet of the two-band superconductor Pb.

  1. [On the contribution of Prof. Yu. S. Balashov to the fundamental parasitology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryss, A Iu

    2013-01-01

    Brief review of main conceptions of Yu. S. Balasov in fundamental parasitology: types of host-parasite relations, evolution, transmissive infections, econiches, population structure, parasite communities.

  2. Qian Xuesen’s China Dream%钱学森的中国梦

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪长明

    2014-01-01

    As a founder of Chinese aerospace undertaking and a scientist of the people,Qian Xuesen engaged his whole life in pursuing to the dream of serving the country by science,tried his best to build his motherland,and made outstanding contributions to the development of science,the modernization of national defense and the course of socialism. He could be called a typical representative of science workers practicing the China Dream. By sorting up and studying his manuscripts and relevant literature,we find that Qian’s China Dream is the inte-gration of his love of motherland,spirit of dedication,consciousness of seeking the truth,and courage of innova-tion,that it is the combination of dream setting,dream pursuing,dream realization and dream continuance,and that it is the unification of the heart of love of motherland,affection of serving the country,the ability of making contribution to the country,and the behavior of empowering the country. From the old - generation scientists re-presented by Qian Xuesen we can draw the spiritual force for the great revival of the Chinese nation and see the hope for the China Dream to come true.%作为中国航天事业奠基人和人民科学家,钱学森毕生追逐科学报国梦想,“竭尽努力建设自己的国家”,为我国科技振兴、国防现代化建设和社会主义事业作出了杰出贡献,堪称广大科技工作者群体中践行中国梦的典型代表。通过对钱学森手稿与文献进行整理与研究发现,钱学森的中国梦,是爱国情怀、奉献精神、求真意识、创新勇气的集成,是立梦、追梦、圆梦、续梦的结合,是爱国之心、报国之情、效国之能、强国之行的统一。从以钱学森为代表的老一辈科学家身上,可以汲取民族复兴的精神力量,为实现中国梦提供精神激励。

  3. Yu Zida Vice President and CTO of Haier Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Yu Zida is the Vice President and CTO of Haier Corporation,Member of IEC/MSB,Vice President of Patent Protection Association of China,Vice Chairman of CAS,Member of CNAB,Vice Director of the Board of China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment and Vice Chairman of China Energy Conservation Association.He was rated as a National Young and Middle-Aged Expert with Great Contributions and awarded many times the National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology,enjoying allowance from the State Council.Under the leadership of Yu,Haier has become the household appliance enterprise that participate most widely in the development and revision of international,national and industrial standards in the industry in China,undertaking the secretariat of Sub-committee on Service of National Household Appliances Standardization Technical Committee and the secretariat of Sub-committee on Reliability of National Household Appliances Standardization Technical Committee.It has promoted the overall improvement of quality and service in the Household Appliances industry by standards.

  4. Molecular mapping of leaf rust resistance genes in the wheat line Yu 356-9

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Liu-sha; LI Zai-feng; WANG Jia-zhen; SHI Ling-zhi; ZHU Lin; LI Xing; LIU Da-qun; Syed J A Shah

    2015-01-01

    The Chinese wheat line Yu 356-9 exhibits a high level of resistance to leaf rust. In order to decipher the genetic base of resistance in Yu 356-9, gene postulation, inheritance analyses, and chromosome linkage mapping were carried out. Gene postulation completed using 15 leaf rust pathotypes and 36 isogenic lines indicated that Yu 356-9 was resistant to al pathotypes tested. F1 and F2 plants from the cross Yu 356-9 (resistant)/Zhengzhou 5389 (susceptible) were tested with leaf rust pathotype“FHNQ”in the greenhouse. Results indicated a 3:1 segregation ratio, indicative of the presence of a single dominant leaf rust resistance gene in Yu 356-9 which was temporarily designated as LrYu. Bulk segregant analysis and molecular marker assays were used to map LrYu. Five simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers on chromosome 2BS were found closely linked to LrYu. Among these markers, Xwmc770 is the most closely linked, with a genetic distance of 5.7 cM.

  5. Study on Yu Guangzhong’s Flexibility and Opposition of Translationese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周楚

    2014-01-01

    Yu Guangzhong, a well-known Chinese scholar, promotes his thoughts in his book Yu Guangzhong’s Comment on Translation.This paper analyses his thoughts of flexibility and opposition of translationese and prove significances of his thoughts by making a comparison of two English versions of The Old Man and the Sea.

  6. Dr. Yu Wang, Director, Natural Science Division, National Science Council, Taiwan

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    Photo 01: L. to r.: Dr. Philippe Bloch, CERN CMS ECAL Deputy Project Manager, Dr. Yu Wang, Dr. Etiennette Auffray, CERN, responsible of the CERN ECAL Regional Centre. Photo 02: L. to r.: Dr. Yu Wang, Dr. Philippe Bloch, Dr. Apollo GO, National Central University, Taiwan, Dr. Etiennette Auffray.

  7. XIANG Yu and Guanzhong%项羽与关中

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐卫民

    2012-01-01

    项羽是中国古代杰出的军事家,在灭秦的过程中立下了汗马功劳,充分展示出他的军事天才,但他属于悲剧英雄。这一悲剧的原因与他的关中情节有关,对关中的不仁不义使他失去了立国关中的基础,造成了他的最后失败。%XIANG Yu is an outstanding military strategist of ancient China, and he showed his great military talents and genius in destroying Qin, but he is a tragic hero. The cause of this tragedy had some- thing to do with Guanzhong in inhumane unjust and caused him to lose the nation in Guanzhong, leading to his final defeat.

  8. The Significance of The Internet Finance in China-as Yu Ebao for example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Jialin

    2015-01-01

    Today,in China,the internet finance appears and develops fast,in addition,the strengthening of network security, the development of mobile Internet,cloud computing,big data,all the relevant information technology in domestic development is ex-tremely fast and provides powerful support for the development of finance in China.Over the years,basically,Chinese financial indus-try is dominated by the banks and the banks mainly serve the state-owned large and medium-sized enterprises and government finan-cing platform.Under such environment,the regulations for the Internet finance.the people's bank of China,the China banking regula-tory commission,securities and insurance regulatory commission,and other financial regulators are issued to support the development of the Internet financial signals.Meanwhile,the emergence of zong an online,Internet marketing insurance license,P2P,Yu Ebao show the supports of the government to the development of the Internet finance.

  9. First calibration results of Jason-2 and SARAL/AltiKa satellite altimeters from the Qianli Yan permanent Cal/Val facilities, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Lei; Zhou, Xinghua; Mertikas, S. P.; Zhu, Lin; Yang, Long; Lei, Ning

    2017-06-01

    This work presents the first calibration results for the Jason-2 and the SARAL/AltiKa altimetric missions by using the permanent calibration facilities on the Qianli Yan islet (China). Qianli Yan is located in the Yellow Sea and only ∼3 km from the Jason-2 and SARAL/AltiKa crossover point. Analysis of the Jason-2 and SARAL/AltiKa waveform data and geophysical data over the Qianli Yan calibration area has proven that the altimeters and microwave radiometers are not contaminated by the mainland or the islet. The accuracies of the regional geoid model, provided by the First Institute of Oceanography (FIO), State Oceanic Administration of China, and the DTU10 MSS model were assessed by a GNSS buoy experiment. The results indicated that the FIO model is suitable for altimeter calibration in the Qianli Yan area. From the observations and the geoid model, the absolute biases for the Jason-2 and SARAL/AltiKa altimeters (2013-2014) were determined as 21.0 ± 5.9 and -44.0 ± 7.3 mm, respectively. The 2 years' results indicated that the Jason-2 bias had no trend. However, the SARAL/AltiKa bias presented a downward trend that was more stable in 2014 than in 2013. The Qianli Yan results are consistent with those determined by other international dedicated calibration sites and crossover analysis.

  10. 努力建设司马迁与史记研究重地%Striving to Construct the Research Base of Sima Qian and Historical Records

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁德科; 王炳社

    2015-01-01

    司马迁故乡的渭南师范学院,多年来尤其是2011年以来高度重视司马迁与《史记》研究,抓好“一栏”(《渭南师范学院学报》教育部高校哲学社会科学学报名栏“司马迁与《史记》研究”)、“一院”(中国司马迁与史记研究院)、“一鉴”(编撰出版《司马迁与研究年鉴》)、“一馆”(中国司马迁与史记研究展览馆)等“四个一工程”,建设司马迁与《史记》研究重地,有力促进了教学、科研和学科建设工作,并在司马迁与《史记》研究界乃至社会科学界产生了良好的学术影响。%Weinan Normal University, located in the home of Sima Qian, has devotedly paid much attention to the research of Sima Qian and Historical Records for many years, especially since 2011.It stresses on the Project of “Four Ones”, such as “One Column” ( the column of Sima Qian and Historical Records, entitled with the Excellent Column inHumanities and Social Sciences by State Education Department), One Institute (China Sima Qian and Historical Records Institute), One Annual (Annual of Sima Qian and Historical Records Research) , One Exhibition Center ( Exhibition Center of China Sima Qian and Historical Records Re-search) .Construction of the Research Base of Sima Qian and Historical Records reinforces the construction of education, scientific research and discipline, hence, it will have great impact on the research of Sima Qian and Historical Records, and the research of social science.

  11. Elementary Proof of Yu. V. Nesterenko Expansion of the Number Zeta(3 in Continued Fraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutnik Leonid

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Yu. V. Nesterenko has proved that , , , , , , and for ; , , and , for His proof is based on some properties of hypergeometric functions. We give here an elementary direct proof of this result.

  12. On Regional Division of Suitable Producing Areas of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI Zhi-hua; WANG Xin-min; QIAO Qing-mei; CHENG Mao-gao; LIU Yong-lu; XIE Cai-xiang; CHEN Shi-lin

    2012-01-01

    With the aid of the Traditional Chinese Medicine Geographic Information System(TCMGIS-I),on the basis of planting base of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza in Fangcheng County of Henan Province,we selected key ecological factors such as the temperature,altitude,soil type,and precipitation that affect growth of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza,and analyzed ecological suitability of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza in China and in Henan Province.Results show that Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza has large suitable area in China,up to 10 provinces.At the similitude degree of 90% to 100%,its suitable distribution area can reach 309 205 km 2 theoretically.Among the suitable areas,the distribution area is large in Sichuan,Shaanxi,Jiangsu,Hubei and Henan provinces,each of which up to 24 000 km 2.At the similitude degree of 80% to 90%,the suitable areas of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza are mainly in Fangcheng,Xichuan,Dengzhou,Xinyang and Nanzhao counties,which are consistent with record of relevant data.

  13. YU Ren-cun(郁仁存)——A Famous Oncologist in Integrative Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ YU Ren-cun was born on August 1,1934.After graduating from Jiangxi Medical College in 1955,he took part in the very first Western Doctors' Class for Learning Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) held in Beijing from March 1959 to December 1961.Prof.YU systematically learned TCM while taking this class.Since 1962,he has been working in the Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine,eventually being promoted to a Chief Physician by the Beijing Municipal Government in May of 1981.In 1997,Prof.YU was selected as a well-known veteran for the National TCM Doctor Inheritance Work by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (SATCM).The State Council of China has awarded him a special subsidy every month for his excellent work.

  14. Prof.Yu Weichao's Life%俞伟超先生生平

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中国国家博物馆

    2004-01-01

    Prof. Yu Weichao, a famous archaeologist and the former Director of the Museum of Chinese History, passed away on December 5, 2003, at the age of 70, from an incurable disease. As a master of great learning and integrity of our time, Prof. Yu not only cultivated for our country a great amount of talent specialized personnel in archaeology, but also carried out researches as the main pioneer of Qin-Han archaeology. In the archaeology of the Neolithic Age and studies of the Chu culture, he also obtained authoritative research accomplishments. Prof. Yu fought all his life for the cause of Chinese archaeology and museology. His unfortunate passing away is a great loss for the cause of archaeology.

  15. English Translation Strategies of Lun Yu:A Post-colonial Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Xiaoman; Peng Zhen

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses English translation strategies of Lun Yu from the perspec-tive of post-colonialism translation theory. Post-colonial translation theory makes research like cultural archaeology on translation practice, and influences translation practice through power difference of power discourse. It researches and interprets the translator’ s conscious and unconscious value orientations and choices of strategy. Under its guidance,a research is made concerning the English translation of Lun Yu,and four strategies,namely,domestication,for-eignization,hybridization and decolonization,are explicitly explained and analyzed.

  16. Sima Qian' s Relatives and Friends in Classical Documents and Folk Legend——Concurrently Discussing on Sima Qian' s Humanistic Spirit%古典文献与民间传说中的司马迁亲友——兼论司马迁的人文精神

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李剑清

    2016-01-01

    To unravel Sima Qian' s humanistic spirit, apart from his Historical Records and"A Letter to Ren An", communica?tion and dialogues of his friends, relatives and him also can be regarded as a convenient and effective way. We don' t discuss the true or false about Sima Qian' s relatives and friends in classical documents. We only select and recover Sima Qian' s emotional world and spiritual world from the limited documents, to further understand the cultural characteristics of Sima Qian' s humanistic spirit.%要寻绎司马迁的人文精神,除了从他的著作《太史公书》和《报任安书》等文本之外,从他与亲友的交往对话等也不失为一条便捷而有效的途径. 司马迁亲友的文献记载的真伪问题,姑且不谈,仅从有限的文献中抽绎并复原司马迁的情感世界、精神世界,可以进一步理解司马迁人文精神的文化特质.

  17. 巴西固氮螺菌Yu62在玉米根的定植%Colonization Pattern of Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 on Maize Roots

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘元; 陈三凤; 李季伦

    2003-01-01

    Plasmid pVK1001 which carried the gfp gene of GFPmut2, a mutant of GFP, was introduced into Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 by electroporation. Maize seedlings were inoculated with the GFP-labelled bacteria and grown gnotobiotically in flask with semi-solid agar medium. Observations were performed with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and electron microscopy, respectively, at 8 d and 12 d after inoculation. Confocal laser scanning microscopy showed that A. brasilense Yu62 could penetrate into the cortex tissue, colonizing in the intercellular spaces of the parenchyma cells of the cortex tissue. Transmission and scanning electron microscopy (TEM) showed that the majority of the bacteria colonized on the root surface and only a minority of them resided in the root interior.%将GFPmut2质粒中的gfp基因 (编码绿色荧光蛋白)克隆到载体pVK100中,构建成重组质粒pVK1001.将pVK1001通过电转化方法导入到联合固氮菌巴西固氮螺菌Yu62中,获得GFP标记的巴西固氮螺菌Yu62菌株.用标记菌株接种限菌培养条件下生长的玉米(农大3318)幼苗,在接种后8 d、12 d,用激光共聚焦扫描显微镜进行观测,结果表明巴西固氮螺菌Yu62菌株能定植于玉米根部皮层的薄壁细胞间隙.用扫描电镜和超薄切片电镜观察表明,大多数细菌主要定植于根表,少数菌可进入玉米根组织内.

  18. CCD Photometric Observations of 2005 YU55 During the 2011 November Flyby

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warner, B. D.; Stephens, R. D.; Brinsfield, J. W.; Larsen, F. R.; Jacobsen, J.; Foster, J.; Richmond, M.; Franco, L.

    2012-05-01

    Analysis of CCD photometric observations of the near-Earth asteroid 2005 YU55 during the 2011 flyby determined one of two possible periods: 16.3 h or 19.3 h. Initial indications from radar observations are that the longer period is the more probable.

  19. Yu-Shiba-Rusinov states in phase-biased S-QD-S junctions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiršanskas, Gediminas; Goldstein, Moshe; Flensberg, Karsten;

    2015-01-01

    We study the effects of a phase difference on Yu-Shiba-Rusinov (YSR) states in a spinful Coulomb-blockaded quantum dot contacted by a superconducting loop. In the limit where charging energy is larger than the superconducting gap, we determine the subgap excitation spectrum, the corresponding...

  20. Professor YU Yun's Experience in Treating Tumor by Pulse-feeling and Acupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yong-jian; DI Ruo-hong; LI Yong; LI Yan-li; CHENG Xiao-mi

    2006-01-01

    @@ Professor YU Yun was born in Suzhou city, Jiangsu province in 1940. After graduation from Xuzhou Medical College in 1964, professor YU has been engaged himself in integrative Chinese & western medicine practice in Shanghai Tumor Hospital. In the middle 1980s, he was invited to Spain for traditional Chinese medicine research. He participated in world acupuncture conferences many times and delivered speeches. He wrote the book Pulse-feeling and Acupuncture for Tumor Treatment and published articles at home and abroad. He is an honorary professor of American Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, permanent member of World Society of Integrative Chinese & Western Medicine, research fellow of Shanghai Center of Acupuncture and Meridian, and the director of Spain Institute of Pulsefeeling and Acupuncture. Greatly interested in Chinese medicine and acupuncture, professor YU has been engaged in Pulse-feeling and acupuncture to treat late tumor and various kinds of difficult disorders for nearly forty years, and achieved wonderful results. I am honored to follow professor YU and learnt a lot. Now I present professor's experience in treating tumor by Pulse-feeling and acupuncture.

  1. [Cloning and functional analysis of glnB from Azospirillum brasilense Yu62].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Z H; Chen, S F; Li, J L

    2001-01-01

    The glnB gene of A. brasilense Yu62 was determined in a 3.7 kb EcoRI + PstI fragment. The glnA is located downstream of glnB and an ORF for hypothetical protein is on upstream of glnB. The deduced amino acid sequence of PII encoded by glnB is 71%, 77%, 79% and 69% identical to that of K. pneumoniae, Bradyrhizobium japonicum, Rhizobium leguninosarum and E. coli, respectively. A Km-casette was inserted into BglII site of glnB coding region and GlnB- mutant was obtained by homologous recombination. The GlnB- mutant has lost the nitrogenase activity, i.e.: Nif-. For the functional confirmation of glnB gene, a complementary test was carried out and it was shown that C-glnB(glnB::Km/glnB) can restore the nitrogenase activity. When the recombinant plasmid pVK-II which containined the coding region of glnB was introduced into A. brasilense Yu62 and A. brasilense Yu62 DraT-, respectively, the Yu62-II (containing pVK-II) and draT-II(containing pVK-II) showed higher nitrogenase activity than wild type. These results confirmed that glnB plays an important role in the regulation of nitrogen in A. brasilense.

  2. 钱学森对我的影响——纪念钱学森先生一百诞辰%Qian Xuesen's Influence on Me:In Memory of the Centenary of Qian Xuesen's Birthday

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗东升

    2011-01-01

    Qian Xuesen was a Chinese outstanding scientist,a primary pioneer and one of the founders in space technology.He was world-class authority in aviation,the third banner holder in aerodynamics,initiator in engineering cybernetics,and leader in applied mathematics and occurrence,as well as outstanding representative with great contributions to the growth of new China.In retrospect,it is vividly and eloquently proved that non-linear phenomena exist,and it is an exact reproduction of the great scientist's noble qualities to conduct himself and do research.%钱学森是我国杰出的科学家,是人类航天科技的重要开创者和主要奠基人之一,也是航空领域的世界级权威、空气动力学学科的第三代挚旗人,是工程控制论的创始人,是20世纪应用数学和应用力学领域的领袖人物,也是为新中国的成长做出无可估量贡献的老一辈科学家团体之中影响最大、功勋最为卓著的杰出代表人物。通过回顾,生动而雄辩地证明了非线性现象的存在,真实再现了一代伟人科学家的做人和做学问的高贵品格。

  3. Platform Constellations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staykova, Kalina Stefanova; Damsgaard, Jan

    2016-01-01

    This research paper presents an initial attempt to introduce and explain the emergence of new phenomenon, which we refer to as platform constellations. Functioning as highly modular systems, the platform constellations are collections of highly connected platforms which co-exist in parallel...... and as such allow us to study platforms not only as separate entities, but also to investigate the relationship between several platforms offered and governed by one and the same platform provider. By investigating two case studies of indigenous platform constellations formed around the hugely popular instant...... messaging apps KakaoTalk and LINE, we are able to gain valuable insights about the nature of these new constructions and to capture and synthesize their main characteristics in a framework. Our results show that platform constellations possess unique innovative capabilities, which can improve users...

  4. Professor LIAN Yu-lin's Experience in Treating Gynecological Disorders by Acupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚方明

    2006-01-01

    @@ Professor LIAN Yu-lin, a chief doctor in the acupuncture department of the first affiliated hospital of Tianjin College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, has been engaged himself in Chinese medicine for over 30 years with perfect medical skills and rich experience in the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases and cervical and lumbar diseases, especially in the treatment of gynecological disorders by acupuncture. I follow professor Lian as an intern and have learnt some skillful techniques in the treatment of gynecological disorders by acupuncture.

  5. Yu Zhengsheng Attends Reception Marking 45th Anniversary Of China-Equatorial Guinea Diplomatic Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu; Liya

    2015-01-01

    On April 29,the CPAFFC held a reception in Beijing to celebrate the 45th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Equatorial Guinea.Yu Zhengsheng,Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference(CPPCC)and Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo,President of Equatorial Guinea,spoke on the occasion.Among the audience of some 150were Abdul’ahat Abdulrixit,former

  6. 论庾信礼学观%On YU Xin’ s Concept of Ritual Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳洋峰

    2014-01-01

    庾信的作品可谓篇篇有“礼”。从具体的作品考察可知,庾信知耻铭辱的礼学观念与其所处的时代背景、家学传统、个人学养以及上层统治者对“礼”教化功能的重视都是紧密相连的。庾信怀国以礼、弘扬至孝及事君以礼等观念对后世所起的影响亦不可忽视。%Each of YU Xin’ s works can be described with the word "ritual". The study of his specific works shows that YU Xin’ s ritual concept of shame and disgrace is closely related to his historical back-ground, family tradition, personal knowledge and cultivation as well as the upper ruler’ s emphasis on the educational function of rituals. YU Xin yearned for his country with ritual, promoted piety and served the emperor with ritual, all of which have great influence on the following generations.

  7. Variational Data Assimilation Experiments of Mei-Yu Front Rainstorms in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王云峰; 王斌; 韩月琪; 朱民; 侯志明; 周毅; 刘宇迪; 寇正

    2004-01-01

    The numerical forecasts of mei-yu front rainstorms in China has been an important issue. The intensity and pattern of the frontal rainfall are greatly influenced by the initial fields of the numerical model. The 4-dimensional variational data assimilation technology (4DVAR) can effectively assimilate all kinds of observed data, including rainfall data at the observed stations, so that the initial fields and the precipitation forecast can both be greatly improved. The non-hydrostatic meso-scale model (MM5) and its adjoint model are used to study the development of the mei-yu front rainstorm from 1200 UTC 25June to 0600 UTC 26 June 1999. By numerical simulation experiments and assimilation experiments, the T106 data and the observed 6-hour rainfall data are assimilated. The influences of many factors, such as the choice of the assimilated variables and the weighting coefficient, on the precipitation forecast results are studied. The numerical results show that 4DVAR is valuable and important to mei-yu front rainfall prediction.

  8. Epigenetic battle of the sexes. Comment on: ;Epigenetic game theory: How to compute the epigenetic control of maternal-to-zygotic transition; by Qian Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Song

    2017-03-01

    Qian Wang et al. present an interesting framework, named epigenetic game theory, for modeling sex-based epigenetic dynamics during embryogenesis from a new viewpoint of evolutionary game theory [1]. That is, epigenomes of sperms and oocytes may coordinate through either cooperation or competition, or both, to affect the fitness of embryos. The work uses a set of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) to describe longitudinal trajectories of DNA methylation levels in both parental and maternal gametes and their dependence on each other. The insights gained from this review, i.e. dynamic methylation profiles and their interaction are potentially important to many fields, such as biomedicine and agriculture.

  9. [The classification method of syndromes in the Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Xiaowei; Zheng, Wenjie; Ma, Mingyue; Zhang, Zhibin

    2014-03-01

    Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold) epitomizes the medical achievements of the Tang Dynasty with an extensive coverage. The classification method of syndromes in this book is derived from Nei jing (Inner Canon), Nan jing (Classic of Questioning), Shang han za bing lun (Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases), Zhu bing yuan hou lun (General Treatise on Causes and Manifestations of All Diseases), and enlightens the later generation with many unique characteristics, reflecting the mature recognition of the diseases in the contemporary clinical medicine from one side. It is still of great significance for understanding the diseases and exploring its pathogenesis even today.

  10. Increases in Xu Zheng and Yu Zheng among Patients with Breast Cancer Receiving Different Anticancer Drug Therapies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheng-Miauh Huang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The objectives of this study were to compare yang-xu, yin-xu, and yu among patients with breast cancer right before, one month after, and three months after receiving target, chemo, or combined therapy. Method. After recruiting 126 patients from 4 hospitals in northern Taiwan, a longitudinal study was carried out with 61 patients receiving chemotherapy, 30 receiving target therapy, and 35 receiving combined therapy. Yang-xu, yin-xu, and yu were assessed using the Traditional Chinese Medical Constitutional Scale (TCMCS, with higher scores indicating more xu and yu. Results. There were significant increases in yang-xu, yin-xu, and yu at 1 month and 3 months after than before the start of the chemotherapy, target, or combined therapy. Patients receiving combined therapy had significantly higher scores in yang-xu and yin-xu than patients receiving chemo or target therapy. A history of coronary heart disease was associated with more yin-xu. Those patients who had undergone a mastectomy were associated with less yu zheng than those patients who had not. Conclusion and Implications. TCM doctors should focus their treatment on dealing with xu and yu in order to support their patients, as they complete their modern anticancer treatments.

  11. Payment Platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjelholt, Morten; Damsgaard, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Payment transactions through the use of physical coins, bank notes or credit cards have for centuries been the standard formats of exchanging money. Recently online and mobile digital payment platforms has entered the stage as contenders to this position and possibly could penetrate societies...... thoroughly and substitute current payment standards in the decades to come. This paper portrays how digital payment platforms evolve in socio-technical niches and how various technological platforms aim for institutional attention in their attempt to challenge earlier platforms and standards. The paper...... applies a co-evolutionary multilevel perspective to model the interplay and processes between technology and society wherein digital payment platforms potentially will substitute other payment platforms just like the credit card negated the check. On this basis this paper formulate a multilevel conceptual...

  12. 钱钟书论文学的虚拟性%Qian Zhongshu's Opinions on the Virtuality of Literary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗新河

    2011-01-01

    钱钟书认为“史有诗心、文心”,这里的“诗心、文心”主要指涉的是文学的虚拟性。对此可以从其反复阐发的两个命题来理解:“诗可凿空”;“文词有虚而非伪,诚而不实者”。对文学虚拟性的强调,凸显出钱钟书对文学主体性的认识,一定程度上构成对二十世纪以来以实证主义为代表的主流文艺社会学理论的一种反驳。%Qian Zhongshu thinks that history has the characteristics of literature which means mainly virtuality in the text. It shows two aspects: first, poem is a fiction ; second, content is not true and emotion is sincere. The emphasis on literary virtuality highlights Qian Zhongshu's thought about the subjectivity of the literature, to a certain extent, which is a reaction to the mainstream sociology of literature and art that positivism is its common example since the 20th century.

  13. Comment on Qian et al. 2008: La Niña and El Niño composites of atmospheric CO2 change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew M. Chiodi

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that interannual extremes in the rate of change of atmospheric CO2 are strongly influenced by the occurrence of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO events. Qian et al. presented ENSO composites of atmospheric CO2 changes. We show that their composites do not reflect the atmospheric changes that are most relevant to understanding the role of ENSO on atmospheric CO2 variability. We present here composites of atmospheric CO2 change that differ markedly from those of Qian et al., and reveal previously unreported asymmetries between the effects on the global carbon system of El Niño and La Niña events. The calendar-year timing differs; La Niña changes in atmospheric CO2 typically occur primarily over September–May, while El Niño changes occur primarily over December–August. And the net concentration change is quite different; La Niña changes are about half the size of El Niño changes. These results illustrate new aspects of the ENSO/global carbon budget interaction and provide useful global-scale benchmarks for the evaluation of Earth System Model studies of the carbon system.

  14. 钱穆的音乐情缘及其音乐美育实践%Qian Mu's Music Affection and His Music Aesthetic Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    资利萍

    2011-01-01

    历史学家、国学大师钱穆有一段不为人熟知的音乐情缘,在他的一些著述里,对音乐以及音乐教育发表过很多真知灼见。无论是作为中小学教师还是大学教师,钱穆都身体力行地进行着包括音乐教育在内的课程改革和美育实验,给我们留下值得总结和反思的精神财富。%Qian Mu, a historian and great master of Chinese studies, had an unknown affection for music. In his writings, he offered many insightful views on music and music education. In his career as a primary and secondary school teacher and a university professor, Qian Mu practically carried out curriculum reform and aesthetic experiments including music education. These left us with spiritual wealth that deserves our reflection.

  15. Effects of SongYuAnShenFang on Serum Cytokines Levels of Sleep Dep-rivation Rats%松郁安神方对睡眠剥夺大鼠血清细胞因子的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李星; 黄俊山; 张一帆; 曾雪爱; 张娅

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To observe the effects of SongYuAnShenFang on serum cytokines levels of sleep depri-vation rats.METHODS The sleep deprivation in rats model was constructed with the method called “modified mul-tiple platform method”.Comparions were housed either in normal cages or in tanks with large platforms.After the treatment of SongYuAnShenFang in Sleep Deprivation Rats ,serum levels of IL-1β、TNF-αwere measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.RESULTS Significant differences in serum level of TNF-αwere observed between SongYuAnShenFang group and REM sleep deprivation group ( P0.05 ).CONCLUSION SongYuAnShenFang in improving sleep quality may be based on its regulation of serum level of TNF-α,then adjust the excessive body metabolism caused by sleep depriveation.%目的:观察松郁安神方对睡眠剥夺大鼠血清细胞因子的影响,进一步探讨松郁安神方调节睡眠的机制。方法采用“改良多平台睡眠剥夺法”构建睡眠剥夺大鼠模型,以正常笼养及大平台作为对照组,采用酶联免疫吸附法测定睡眠剥夺大鼠经松郁安神方治疗后,血清细胞因子IL-1β、TNF-α水平的变化。结果松郁安神方组血清TNF-α高于REM睡眠剥夺组(P<0.05);松郁安神方组血清IL-1β较正常对照组、大平台环境对照组及REM睡眠剥夺组无显著性差异(P>0.05)。结论松郁安神方可能通过调节血清细胞因子TNF-α的含量从而调节睡眠,且通过对睡眠剥夺大鼠睡眠的调节继而改善睡眠剥夺所致机体的过度能量代谢。

  16. Small angle scattering at the IBR-2 reactor Festschrift Ostanevich (Yu M)

    CERN Document Server

    Gordeliy, V I

    2002-01-01

    This is a short review intended for the eminent Russian physicist professor Yu.M. Ostanevich, laureate of the 2000 Award of the Russian Federation on Science and Technology for substantial contribution to the development of highly effective SANS spectrometer at IBR-2. Not pretending to highlight all the numerous sides of his scientific activities, in this review we wanted to emphasize his decisive role in installation of the unique spectrometer at IBR-2 and his notable contribution to the development and investigation of different scientific fields at this spectrometer.

  17. [Textual research on Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) quoted in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ruixian; Zhang, Wei; Li, Jian; Liang, Fei

    2014-05-01

    Altogether 15 terms for Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) were used in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica), including Yue yu (Cantonese sayings), Chong yu (Sayings from Insect Drug), Jie yu (Sayings from Crustacean Drug), Xin yu (New Sayings), Yue hai xiang yu (Fragrant Sayings from Cantonese Region), Yue zhi mu yu (Sayings from Plants in Cantonese Annals), Guang dong suo yu (Trivial Sayings from Guangdong), Yue shan lu (Records of Cantonese Mountains), Yue lu (Cantonese Records), Jiao guang lu (Joint Guangdong Records), Yue cao zhi (Records of Cantonese Grasses), Guang guo lu (Records of Guangdong Fruits), Nan yue suo ji (Trivial Records of Southern Canton), Guang zhi (Guangdong Records), Yue zhi (Cantonese Records) etc. dealing with 57 sorts of drugs (with individual overlapping ones), the author of Xin yu was Qu Dajun, a surviving fogy of the Ming Dynasty actively involved in the activities to restore the old dynasty and resist the Qing Dynasty, and was persecuted in the literary inquisition in which his works were burnt so that Zhao Xuemin, when quoting his texts, had to go in a roundabout way.

  18. 试述俞正燮妇女思想%On Yu Zhengxie's Thoughts on Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李恒

    2015-01-01

    俞正燮,字理初,清安徽黟县人,是清嘉道年间的一位重要考据学家和思想家。少年时的俞正燮天资聪颖,喜好读书。后因家道变故,他不得不四处奔走,傭书为业,期间两次科考均名落孙山。在妇女思想方面,俞正燮大声疾呼男女平等,切实维护妇女权益,如他提出一夫一妻制、反对妇女缠足、抨击妇女贞洁观以及妒非女人恶德等。%Yu Zhengxie, with Lichu as his courtesy name, born in Yixian of Anhui in Qing Dynasty, is an important textual criticism scholar and thinker during Jiaqing and Daoguang period of Qing Dynasty. Young Yu Zhengxie was talented and loved reading. Afterwards, he had to go hither and thither and lived by copying books, and during this period he failed in official examinations twice. On women, he actively advocated gender equality, earnest-ly maintained women's rights, for example, he proposed one-wife for one-husband system, opposed foot binding, slashed the out-look on women's chastity and women's immorality.

  19. [Lens platform].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Łukaszewska-Smyk, Agnieszka; Kałuzny, Józef

    2010-01-01

    The lens platform defines lens structure and lens material. Evolution of lens comprises change in their shape, angulation of haptens and transition of three-piece lens into one-piece lens. The lens fall into two categories: rigid (PMMA) and soft (siliconic, acrylic, colameric). The main lens maaterials are polymers (hydrophilic and hydrophobic). The lens platform has an effect on biocompatibility, bioadhesion, stability of lens in capsule, degree of PCO evolution and sensitiveness to laser damages.

  20. Platform contents

    OpenAIRE

    Renault, Régis

    2014-01-01

    A monopoly platform hosts advertisers who compete on a market for horizontally differentiated products. These products may be either mass market products that appeal broadly to the entire consumer population or niche products that are tailored to the tastes of some particular group. Consumers search sequentially through ads incurring a surfing cost of moving to the next ad. They may click on an ad at some cost, which provides all relevant information and the opportunity to buy. The platform c...

  1. Comparison of congener profiles of polychlorinated biphenyls between Yu-cheng children and a potential food source

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lung Shih-Chun Candice [Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica, Taipei (Taiwan); Guo Yu-Liang Leon; Chang Ho-Yuan [Dept. of Environmental and Occupational Health, Coll. of Medicine, National Cheng Kung Univ., Tainan (Taiwan)

    2004-09-15

    In 1979, about two thousand people in central Taiwan were intoxicated by consumption of the rice oil that was contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). This ''Yu-cheng'' incident was one of the two human tragedies which people ingested substantial amounts of PCBs within a short period of time. Some of the follow-up epidemiological studies focused on the children born to the exposed mothers, the Yu-cheng children, since they could be exposed to PCBs via breast-feeding or transplacental transfer. This report presents the results of the serum PCB levels of the 21 Yu-cheng children with a congener-specific analysis. On the other hand, fish consumption is thought to be the single most important exposure route to PCBs to the general public; thus, it is crucial to understand PCB exposure from fish consumption. In a separated study to assess PCB contamination in fish, PCB congener concentrations in tilapia (Oreochromis hybrids), the most popular fish in Taiwan, were evaluated. The consumption quantity of tilapia is the highest throughout the Island. It is mostly farmed in fresh water but can also be bred in saltwater. This report presents the concentrations and profiles in the serums of the Yu-cheng children. The congener profile is compared with PCB profile in the serum of Yu-cheng women reported previously and that in one of the potentially significant exposure source, tilapia, conducted in a separated work. Remarkable similarity between the profile of Yu-cheng children and that of the tilapia is revealed and discussed.

  2. 秋海棠属孟连秋海棠的补充订正%Notes on the Species Status of Begonia menglianensis Y.Y.Qian (Begoniaceae)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨珍珍; 陈文红; 盛家舒; 罗林; 张嵘梅; 税玉民

    2015-01-01

    孟连秋海棠(Begonia menglianensisY.Y.Qian)曾被归并到歪叶秋海棠(Begonia augustinei Hemsl.).经过对比模式标本和模式产地标本,作者发现孟连秋海棠是个独立的种,在果的形态上它与大王秋海棠(Begonia rex Putz.)最为相似,但果实上最大翅的上缘有一个近三角形的平面可以很容易将二者分开.作者提供了该种的形态描述,并对花粉和种子形态进行了扫描电镜观察.

  3. Stratigraphic architecture of the Neoproterozoic glacial rocks in the "Xiang-Qian-Gui" region of the central Yangtze Block, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Qirui; CHU Xuelei; Heinrich BAHLBURG; FENG Lianjun; Nicole DOBRZINSKI; ZHANG Tonggang

    2003-01-01

    The Yangtze Block in South China is one of the important regions where Neoproterozoic glacial rocks are well developed and studied. However, the classification and correlation of the Neoproterozoic glacial sequences in the central Yangtze Block still remain controversial among Chinese geologists. The original Sinian sections around the Yangtze Gorges Region became an official standard for classification and correlation since the 1950s. Subsequent regional geologic studies, however, resulted in different classification and correlation, because of its incompleteness. We select one of the complete sections in the bordering areas of Xiang (Hunan), Qian (Guizhou) and Gui (Guangxi), as a standard of classification and correlation. The temporal and spatial distribution, i.e. the stratigraphic architecture, of the glacial rocks in the central Yangtze Block is suggested. Our results indicate that the glacial sequence on the Yangtze Block was deposited during the Nantuo Ice-age, the Datangpo Interglacial-age and Jiangkou Ice-age, in descending order.

  4. 司马谈临终遗命与司马迁人生转向%The Testament of Sima Tan and the Turning of Sima Qian' s Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁传璋

    2016-01-01

    司马氏家族的传统实为多元,司马迁并非出身于纯粹的"史官世家". 他处于武帝"有为"之世,青少年时期志在立功荣祖. 仕为郎中后以"辩智闳达"得到武帝器重,奉使西征南略,仕途不可限量.司马谈临终遗命改变了司马迁的人生取向,继任太史,由立功转为立言. 先父遗命成为司马迁的纂著指南和精神动力,指导、鞭策、支持他发愤著书,完成"究天人之际,通古今之变"的第二部《春秋》——《太史公书》.%The family of Sima was of multiple family traditions, which was not purely one of official historians. Sima Qian was living in the period when Emperor Wu was full of promise, and he made up his mind to render meritorious service and glorify his an?cestors. After he was appointed as a Langzhong, he won the appreciation of the emperor with his witty eloquence, and was ordered to go on an expedition in the west to conquer Nanlve, his official future being infinitely bright. The testament of Sima Tan changed the direction of Sima Qian' s life, and he carried on his father' s duty as an official historian, turning from rendering meritorious deeds to establishing his theory in words. His late father' s last orders became the guidance and spiritual power of his writings, until he fi?nally completed the second Spring and Autumn—The Book of the Greatest Official Historian.

  5. 钱学森对系统科学的创建与发展%Foundation and Development of Qian Xuesen on Chinese Systematic Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄顺基

    2011-01-01

    钱学森确立了中国学派系统科学的研究方向。他的"开放的复杂巨系统"的概念,是科学史上重大的理论创新。他独创性地提出了"从定性到定量综合集成方法",把自然科学的研究方法提升到一个新的、更高的层次——复杂性科学的研究方法。钱学森指出,未来将会出现第六次和第七次产业革命以及组织管理革命,有关信息网络建设、大农业、人体科学和组织管理领域的研究,是系统科学今后的发展方向。%Qian Xuesen established the research direction of systematic science in China.The definition of "open complex giant system" he proposed is a major theoretical innovation in scientific history.Originally,he put forward the synthetic and integrated methods from qualitative to quantitative determination,thus advancing the research method of natural science to a new and higher level,one of complex science.Qian Xuesen pointed out that there will be the sixth and seventh industrial revolution,as well as the organization revolution in the future.Studies on information network,large-scale agriculture,human body science and organization would be the direction of systematic science.

  6. Biopolítica, Gobierno y Salud Pública. Miradas para un diagnóstico diferencial, de Tuillang Yuing y Rodrigo Karmy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adán Salinas Araya

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Tuillang Yuing y Rodrigo Karmy (editores.Participan: Rodrigo Karmy, Philippe Monti, Mariela Cecilia Ávila, Tuillang Yuing, Miguel Kotow, Jimena Carrasco, Sandra Caponi,  Luis David Castiel, Yuri Carvajal, Jorge Gaete.Escuela de Salud Pública- Ocho Libros EdicionesOctubre 2014, 206 pp.ISBN: 978-956-335-213-9

  7. Biopolítica, Gobierno y Salud Pública. Miradas para un diagnóstico diferencial de Tuillang Yuing y Rodrigo Karmy

    OpenAIRE

    Adán Salinas Araya

    2015-01-01

    Tuillang Yuing y Rodrigo Karmy (editores).Participan: Rodrigo Karmy, Philippe Monti, Mariela Cecilia Ávila, Tuillang Yuing, Miguel Kotow, Jimena Carrasco, Sandra Caponi,  Luis David Castiel, Yuri Carvajal, Jorge Gaete.Escuela de Salud Pública- Ocho Libros EdicionesOctubre 2014, 206 pp.ISBN: 978-956-335-213-9

  8. ITS Platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tøfting, Svend; Lahrmann, Harry; Agerholm, Niels

    2014-01-01

    Aalborg University and two local companies have over the past four years developed and tested an ITS Platform, which can be used for communication with cars and for providing a number of services to the drivers. The purpose has been to perform a technological test of the possible use of a hidden ...... not have to be very intelligent. This is gradually taken over by applications on smart phones. The ITS Platform with 425 test drivers is now completely developed and can be used for technological testing of e.g. payment systems.......Aalborg University and two local companies have over the past four years developed and tested an ITS Platform, which can be used for communication with cars and for providing a number of services to the drivers. The purpose has been to perform a technological test of the possible use of a hidden...

  9. ITS Platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tøfting, Svend; Lahrmann, Harry; Agerholm, Niels

    2014-01-01

    Aalborg University and two local companies have over the past four years developed and tested an ITS Platform, which can be used for communication with cars and for providing a number of services to the drivers. The purpose has been to perform a technological test of the possible use of a hidden ...... not have to be very intelligent. This is gradually taken over by applications on smart phones. The ITS Platform with 425 test drivers is now completely developed and can be used for technological testing of e.g. payment systems....

  10. PREFACE: SANS-YuMO User Meeting at the Start-up of Scientific Experiments on the IBR-2M Reactor: Devoted to the 75th anniversary of Yu M Ostanevich's birth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordely, Valentin; Kuklin, Alexander; Balasoiu, Maria

    2012-03-01

    The Second International Workshop 'SANS-YuMO User Meeting at the Start-up of Scientific Experiments on the IBR-2M Reactor', devoted to the 75th anniversary of the birth of Professor Yu M Ostanevich (1936-1992), an outstanding neutron physicist and the founder of small-angle neutron scattering (field, group, and instrument) at JINR FLNPh, was held on 27-30 May at the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics. The first Workshop was held in October 2006. Research groups from different neutron centers, universities and research institutes across Europe presented more than 35 oral and poster presentations describing scientific and methodological results. Most of them were obtained with the help of the YuMO instrument before the IBR-2 shutdown in 2006. For the last four years the IBR-2 reactor has been shut down for refurbishment. At the end of 2010 the physical launch of the IBR-2M reactor was finally realized. Nowadays the small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) technique is applied to a wide range of scientific problems in condensed matter, soft condensed matter, biology and nanotechnology, and despite the fact that there are currently over 30 SANS instruments in operation worldwide at both reactor and spallation sources, the demand for beam-time is considerably higher than the time available. It must be remembered, however, that as the first SANS machine on a steady-state reactor was constructed at the Institute Laue Langevin, Grenoble, the first SANS instrument on a 'white' neutron pulsed beam was accomplished at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research at the IBR-30 reactor, beamline N5. During the meeting Yu M Ostanevich's determinative and crucial contribution to the construction of spectrometers at the IBR-2 high-pulsed reactor was presented, as well as his contribution to the development of the time-of-flight (TOF) small-angle scattering technique, and a selection of other scientific areas. His leadership and outstanding scientific achievements in applications of the

  11. La fuerza expresiva del deseo en Lan Yu de Stanley Kwan .

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David L. Eng

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Stanley Kwan's Lan Yu configures the emergence of homosexuality in contemporary China far beyond its validation in recognizably Western identitarian terms: the affirmation of an existing but misrecognized minority population; the defense of sexual "perversion"; the positing of sexual freedom, legal recognition, and political rights; the justification of a bourgeois consumer lifestyle, or even the expression of a universalizing and bindingtove bringing togethertwo abstract individuáis. Instead, in Kwan's film, homosexuality and its expressive desire mark the emergence of a new humanism in (postsocialist China under the shadows of global capitalism and neoliberal development. Gays and lesbians, that is, are harbingers of a new modernity, helping to situate China in its proper place within a cosmopolitan globalized world. From this perspective, homosexuality functions as a critical tool for organizing and evaluating the historical continuities and ruptures among China's (semicolonial past, its revolutionary aspirations for a socialist modernity, and its present investments in a neoliberal capitalist world order.

  12. On the Differences between Chinese and Western Culture--From Fighting Against the Flood of King Yu to Noah's Ark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张长江

    2015-01-01

    With the increasing cross-culture communication, more and more linguists come to realize that the cultural gap is a large obstacle in cultural transition and social intercourse.This paper discusses the differences between Chinese and Western culture from King Yu combating the flood to Noah's Ark to help Chinese communicate with westerners and develop Cross-Cultural Communication smoothly.

  13. Serum concentrations and profiles of polychlorinated biphenyls in Taiwan Yu-cheng victims twenty years after the incident

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lung, S.-C. Candice [Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan 115 (China); Guo, Y.-L.L. [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, 138 Sheng-Li Rd., Tainan, Taiwan 70428 (China); Chang, H.-Y.[Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, 138 Sheng-Li Rd., Tainan, Taiwan 70428 (China)]. E-mail: h7154@mail.ncku.edu.tw

    2005-07-15

    In 1979, about 2000 people in central Taiwan were intoxicated via rice oil consumption that was contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). This 'Yu-cheng' incident was one of the two known major human PCB intoxication episodes. Twenty years after the intoxication, serum samples of 435 Yu-cheng victims, 414 adults and 21 children, were collected. Sixteen PCB congeners were analyzed with a gas chromatograph-electron capture detector. We found the median concentration of total PCBs in the adult serum was 1500 ng/g lipid, still substantially higher than that of the general population in Taiwan (3.7-fold) and most seafood consumers in the world. Most of analyzed PCB congeners in children were below or around the detection limits. Congener no. 138, however, had the highest concentrations, approximately accounting for 55% and 29% in the child and adult groups, respectively. Given that PCBs are persistent organic pollutants and endocrine disruptors, the concentrations and congener-specific profiles regarding the Yu-cheng victims provide valuable information for the investigation of such chemicals in humans. - Total serum PCBs in the Yu-cheng adult victims twenty years after the incident were still higher than that of the general population in Taiwan.

  14. Migration of Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 from Root to Stem and Leaves Inside Rice and Tobacco Plants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHIFeng; SHENShi-Hua; CHENSan-Feng; JINGYu-Xiang

    2004-01-01

    Azospirillum brasilense Tarrand, Krieg et Doebereiner is one of the important plant growthpromotion endophytes. A. brasilense Yu62 tagged with gfp gene was inoculated into roots of rice and tobacco seedlings, which were then, cultured in gnotobiotic condition. At a certain days after inoculation the different portions of the seedling were observed under laser confocal microscope, resulting in that A.brasilense Yu62 bacteria were colonized in epidermal and cortical cells, intercellular spaces and vascular system of stem and leaf tissue interiors besides in roots. Higher populations of the bacteria isolated from roots, stems and leaves indicated that A. brasilense Yu62 bacteria could ascend themselves from roots to stems and leaves of rice and tobacco. This observation lays down the foundation for ecology and cell morphology of bacterial migration inside plants, interaction between A. brasilense Yu62 bacteria and host cells as well as the plant-growth promotion, provides scientific basis for further application, and is of importance in science and practice.

  15. Platform computing

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    "Platform Computing releases first grid-enabled workload management solution for IBM eServer Intel and UNIX high performance computing clusters. This Out-of-the-box solution maximizes the performance and capability of applications on IBM HPC clusters" (1/2 page) .

  16. 当阳峪窑址群考察纪略%THE INVESTIGATION AND PRELIMINARY STUDY OF DANG YANG YU KILNSITE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建保

    2011-01-01

    Through the investigation and preliminary study of 19 kilnsites at Dang Yang Yu kiln , I basically master the modeling, decoration and fire craft of porcelain works with white glaze, dichroic glaze,twistable glaze, twistable color, dark brown glaze, black glaze, green glaze, Jun glaze and three-color glazed pottery, emerald glazed pottery of Dang Yang Yu kiln, and find the material about “double-firing process” .Through the investigation, I find Dang Yang Yu kiln' s first burning was in the late Tang Dynasty. During its first burning and development phases, Dang Yang Yu kiln was influenced by Gongyi kiln, Yaozhou kiln,Xing kiln, Ding kiln, Cizhou kiln, Jun kiln and other kilns nearby at different degree. The generalized Dang Yang Yu kiln is Huaiqing kiln according to the literature, and the ancient kiln at Boai county local is Henei kiln. Dang Yang Yu kiln reached its height of prosperity at Song and Jin period, it influenced and promoted the development of Zibo kiln and other kilns nearby, and went down to Qing Dynasty. Besides satisfying common market consumption, Dang Yang Yu kiln also went into the rank of tribute because of its outstanding quality.%通过对当阳峪窑19处窑址的考察与初步研究,基本掌握了当阳峪窑白釉、双色釉、绞胎、绞彩、酱釉、黑釉、青釉、钧釉瓷器和三彩、翠兰釉陶器的造型、装饰和烧造工艺,发现"二次烧成"的资料.通过研究,发现当阳峪窑始烧于唐代晚期.在其创烧与发展阶段,受到了巩义窑、耀州窑、邢窑、定窑、磁州窑及钧窑等周边窑口不同程度的影响.广义的当阳峪窑即文献记载的怀庆窑,博爱县地域的古代窑场即文献记载的河内窑.当阳峪窑在宋金时期达到鼎盛,影响、促进了淄博窑等周边窑口的发展,并延续至清代.除了满足一般性的市场消费,由于品质优秀,还跻身贡奉之列.

  17. A Study of Formation and Development of One Kind of Cyclone on the Mei-yu (Baiu) Front

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凤; 赵思雄

    2004-01-01

    The paper presents one diagnosis of baroclinity and the coupling of jets during the developing process of a cyclone that occurred on the mei-yu (Baiu) front around the end of the second stage of the mei-yu (Baiu)in 1998. Results have shown that: (1) The advantageous changes of upper-level large-scale circulation caused the appearance and maintenance of the coupling between the upper-level jet (ULJ) and lower-level jet (LLJ) over the cyclone's area. The coupling of jets in this case possesses some different characteristics from previous cases. Moreover, the coupling between the ULJ and LLJ caused the intensification of both lower-level convergence and upper-level divergence, which was favorable for the development of this cyclone. (2) From the analysis of the voricity budget, the role of lower-level convergence in the development of the cyclone was emphasized. Divergent wind in the lower troposphere was a direct contributor to the development of the cyclone. (3) During the development of the cyclone, cold air and warm air were_active over the cyclone's domain. Although this cyclone occurred at the mei-yu (Baiu) front, its development assumed baroclinity to a certain extent, which was just the main difference between this kind of cyclone and the first kind of low which is usually barotropic (or quasi-barotropic). (4) In recent years, studies on mei-yu front lows have paid more attention to the lower troposphere. In this paper, the analysis of the energy budget further supports this point: the certain effect of baroclinity forcing in the upper troposphere on mei-yu front lows cannot be ignored.

  18. Collaborative Platform for DFM

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-20

    pleasure of working with or learning from Alejandro De La Fuente, Chung Sung, Zheng Guo, Liang-Teck Pang, Paul Friedberg, Louis Alarcon, Qingguo Liu, Yu...simulation” SPIE, vol.5756, no.38, 2005 24 Ortolland, C. Orain, S. Rosa , J. Morin, P. Arnaud, F. Woo, M. Poncet, A. Stolk, P

  19. On Compilation of Annual of Research of Sima Qian and Historical Records%见证“史记学”发展,为《史记》研究立传--论《司马迁与〈史记〉研究年鉴》的编撰

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晶; 梁建邦

    2015-01-01

    Annual of Research of Sima Qian and Historical Records, which displays the novel and brief research on Sima Qian and Historical Records home and abroad year by year, fills the gaps of domestic and overseas research on Sima Qian and Historical Records, and the annuals record and arrange the data of research on the Sima Qian and Historical Records. The study witnesses the development of study of Historical Records, which has provided and collected the first⁃hand information for research on Sima Qian and Historical Records and has made a contribution to study and propaganda of Sima Qian and Historical Records.%《司马迁与〈史记〉研究年鉴》填补了国内外司马迁与《史记》研究的空白,逐年展示了国内外司马迁与《史记》研究的最新成果和研究概况,记录和整理了有关司马迁与《史记》的研究资料,见证着当代“史记学”的发展,为开展司马迁与《史记》研究提供和积累了第一手资料,为研究和宣传司马迁与《史记》作出了贡献。

  20. Platform Constellations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staykova, Kalina Stefanova; Damsgaard, Jan

    2016-01-01

    messaging apps KakaoTalk and LINE, we are able to gain valuable insights about the nature of these new constructions and to capture and synthesize their main characteristics in a framework. Our results show that platform constellations possess unique innovative capabilities, which can improve users......’ acquisition and users’ engagement rates as well as unlock new sources of value creation and diversify revenue streams....

  1. How to Guide Social Practices Using Huang Di and Lao-tsu′s Thought on Sima Qian%如何运用司马迁的黄老思想指导实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨敏

    2011-01-01

    The School of Huang Di and Lao-tsu Thought dated from the Warring States Period and became the remarkable learning at the beginning of Han Dynasty. Guided by history, Sima Qian created his own thought by putting the Huang Di and Lao-tsu's Thought in Warring States Period, in Han Dynasty together. On the basis of historical state-governing lessons, Sima Qian laid out the blueprint for Han Empire's efforts to unify the states and thus formed his systematical political philosophy centered with Huang Di and Lao-tsu Thought. Sima Qian's thought has a great guiding significance for the modem society.%黄老之学,实始于战国,汉初以黄老为显学,而司马迁以吏为鉴,集战国黄老之术、汉初黄老之治与历史治道经验之大成,他的黄老思想,为汉帝国之征伐一统规划了治国的蓝图,构成了其完整的黄老政治哲学,也对现代社会有着重大的指导意义.

  2. A mathematical view for ordinary differential equation models. Comment on ;Epigenetic game theory: How to compute the epigenetic control of maternal-to-zygotic transition; by Qian Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Guifang

    2017-03-01

    Qian Wang et al. have written an interesting article to propose a modeling framework named epiGame in this issue of Physics of Life Reviews [1]. The epiGame framework models how the methylation state of paternal and maternal genomes regulates the embryogenesis as an ecological system in which two highly distinct and specialized gametes coordinate through either cooperation or competition, or both, to maximize the fitness of embryos. Qian Wang et al. also provide solid simulation studies and real data analysis to validate the correctness of their epiGame framework. The importance of embryo development and fertility mechanism cannot be overemphasized, hence, I think that the present review by Qian Wang et al. will stand as a useful modeling guide for practicing biologists or researchers in fertility health to quantify how sperms and oocytes interact through epigenetic process to determine embryo development. In addition, it will serve as a source of many important references to work in the reproductive biology field.

  3. Color Difference Detection of Technology Ceramic Tile Based on CIE YU'V'%基于CIE YU'V'的瓷砖颜色色差检测技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄颖怡; 汪仁煌; 蔡建新

    2008-01-01

    为实现瓷砖颜色分级的自动检测,提出一种基于CIE YU'V'空间的色差计算方法.该方法将数据从RGB颜色空间转换CIE YU'V'均匀颜色空间,利用U'、V'分量计算标准瓷砖与被测瓷砖的色差.通过对总体平均色差和小区域窗口色差进行分析,确定瓷砖颜色等级.该方法对颜色匀度及缺陷具有一定的检测效果.

  4. Maps of Relocation and Poems of Tang Dynasty Poets: Li Bai, Du Fu, and Han Yu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    羅鳳珠、白璧玲、廖泫銘、范毅軍 、鄭錦全 Feng-Ju Lo,Pi-Ling Pai,Hsiung-Ming Liao,I-Chun Fan,Chin-Chuan Cheng

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Geographic environments affect literary contents and genre and thus, since ancient times, geographical area has been used to classify Chinese literature. In 1936 Liang Qichao was keenly aware of the relationship between literature and geography and brought up the idea of “literarygeography”. In 1979 Professor Chen Zhengxiang produced maps of birthplaces of Tang and Song poets to show the shift of Chinese cultural center from north to south. Furthermore, in the pastdecade, the attention to research in literary geography and geographical distribution of writersgradually increased. However, most studies focused on geographical distribution of birthplaces of writers and very few focused on the relationship between poets’ journey and the contents of their writings and their geographic environment. Meanwhile, geographic information system and aerialphotography have developed quickly and have become useful tools for the study of literary geography.Since then, the academic circles in Taiwan have built a solid foundation in this area. While Li Baiand Du Fu were called poetic immortal and poetic sage of the middle and end periods of the heydayof Tang Dynasty, respectively, Han Yu advocated the classical Chinese movement and becameone of the eight great authors of Tang and Song dynasties. Han Yu was also the best representative of Middle Tang poets. While the styles of these three poets differed from each other, they held key positions in the development and evolution of Tang poetry. Their footprints spread all over the countryand greatly affected later developments and contemporary of poetry. This project makes use of the digital Tang Dynasty maps by Tan Qixiang, Tang Dynasty transportation route maps by Yan Gengwang,aerial maps, the All Tang Poems, and chronicles of the poets to build the three poets’ relocation maps and study their poetic literature, language, geography, and interactions with others, in hopesof opening a new research direction

  5. On the Hermit of Yu Pingpo%论俞平伯的"隐逸"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许海丽; 徐元绍

    2016-01-01

    俞平伯是中国现代隐逸文学的代表性作家之一,在他身上体现出了现代隐逸的种种特质.他隐于自然,在美丽的山水中表现自我,感悟人生;他隐于书斋,读书著书,教书育人;他隐于宗教,近佛结禅心,以宽容豁达的态度对待一切;他隐于昆曲艺术,唱曲谱曲,用昆曲的美妙缔结了他与爱妻的一世情缘.%Yu Pingpo is one of the representative Chinese hermit writers, and he embodies the idiosyncrasy of modern hermit. He lives in nature, displaying himself in landscape and comprehending of the true meaning of life. He lives in companionship of books as he indulges himself in reading books and writing books and at the same time he imparts knowledge and educates people. He also believes in religion, firmly believing in Buddhism and treating everything in a tolerant and open-minded way. In addition, he is full of enthusiasm about Kunqu opera, singing the lyrics, composing the music and plighting himself to his beloved wife.

  6. PioneeringWork of Sima Qian on Compilation of Literature%论司马迁在文献编纂学上的开创之功

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛金玲; 丁海燕

    2015-01-01

    Sima Qian created the peak in history and his great book, Historical Records, was a great pioneering work as an ini⁃tiative in archive literature compilation. It mainly reflected on literature compilation stylistic rules and layout, compilation principle, compilation method and compilation content. It not only created a new paradigm of literature compilation after Confucius, but also a far-reaching impact on future generations.%司马迁将史学推向了一个后人难以逾越的高峰,他的巨著《史记》,又是一部文献学研究开疆辟域之作。《史记》在文献编纂学上的开创之功,主要表现在编纂体例、编纂原则、编纂方法、编纂内容等方面,它创立了继孔子之后文献编纂学新的范式,对后世影响深远。

  7. Qian Xuantong and Characters Commonly Used in Phonetics%钱玄同与《国音常用字汇》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵贤德

    2016-01-01

    钱玄同是浙江湖州人,是民国时期语言文字改革的积极分子。他主编的《国音常用字汇》修正了《国音字典》的不足,正式确立了以北京语音为标准音的国音,为当时推广国音提供了依据。同时,《国音常用字汇》也为新中国《新华字典》的编纂提供了借鉴和参考。%Characters Commonly Used in Phonetics was edited by Qian Xuantong,an active advoca-tor of Chinese language reforms during the period of the Republic of China,who was born in Huzhou of Zhej iang Province.It made up for the deficiency of Phonetics Dictionary and made Peking dialect based phonetics the standard of Chinese Phonetics,providing a basis for promoting Chinese phonetics. Also,it offered some reference for the edition of Xinhua Dictionary of the New China,that is,the Peo-ple’s republic of China.

  8. Sedimentary Micro-facies and Macro Heterogeneity of Reservoir Beds in the Third Member of the Qingshankou Formation, Qian'an Area,Songliao Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    An analysis of drill cores and well logs shows that the main micro-facies of the third member sand bodies of the Qingshankou Formation in Qian'an are subaqueous distributary channel facies,sheet sand facies and subaqueous fan facies (olistostrome). Maps showing the distribution of these micro-facies together with inter-channel bay and prodelta mocro-facies are presented for different time-slices (lower, middle and upper parts of the Qingshankou Formation). These maps reveal the instability and change of sediment transport in the Baokang sedimentary system during the depositional period. Sediment transport was from the west in the early stage, from the south in the middle stage and from the northwest in the late stage. Values of thickness, porosity and permeability of the sand bodies in the third member of the Qingshankou Formation show that they have low to medium porosity and low permeability, and are characterized by serious reservoir heterogeneity. The joints between micro-facies and subaqueous fan micro-facies are characterized by the highest heterogeneity,the sheet sand and distal sand bar subfacies come next, and the heterogeneity of the subaqueous distributary channel sand bodies is relatively weak.

  9. 略论钱谦益对明代史学的认识%Qian Qianyi' s Review on the Historiography of Ming Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段晓亮

    2012-01-01

    Qian Qianyi argued that the false records of the national history, family history and unofficial history were caused by three reasons as follows: the lack of a fixed system to record history, the spread of The Ming Shilu to the non-governmental sector, and the inaccurate records of major political events on the part of the then authority. He criticized the academic atmosphere of blind self-assuredness, pointed out three fallacies in the field of historiography and advocated restoration of the historiographical study tradition characterized by respecting and valuing Confucian classics. On one hand, he was affected by Zheng Xiao and Wang Shizhen in term of historiographical study approach; on the other hand, he devoted himself to rectifying many mistakes in their books.%钱谦益指出记注制度缺失、实录流布民间以及官方对本朝重大事件记载失实是造成明代"三史"舛驳的原因。他批评师心自用的俗学,直陈史学界存在的三种谬误,倡导恢复尊经重道、严谨求实的治史传统。钱谦益既效仿郑晓和王世贞辩证明代史事的治学路向,又批评并纠正了两人不少谬误。

  10. Extraction optimization, isolation, preliminary structural characterization and antioxidant activities of the cell wall polysaccharides in the petioles and pedicels of Chinese herbal medicine Qian (Euryale ferox Salisb.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chengying; Wang, Xinsheng; Wang, Hong; Shen, Bei; He, Xiaoxiao; Gu, Wei; Wu, Qinan

    2014-03-01

    Cell wall polysaccharides in the petioles and pedicels of Qian (Euryale ferox Salisb.) (EFPP) were extracted using ultrasound-assisted technique. Response surface methodology (RSM) based on Box-Behnken design (BBD) was employed to optimize extraction parameters for the maximum purity of polysaccharides. The results showed that the optimum extraction conditions were extraction temperature of 80 °C, extraction time of 32 min, ultrasonic power of 270W and liquid-to-solid ratio of 40 mL/g. Under the optimal conditions, the experimental purity of polysaccharides was 62.57% ± 1.68%, which was very close to the predicted. The crude EFPP were isolated using DEAE-52 column and four major fractions (EFPP-1, EFPP-2, EFPP-3 and EFPP-4) were obtained. Typical functional groups of polysaccharides were characteristic for EFPP-1, EFPP-3 and EFPP-4 from FT-IR spectrum. Furthermore, the crude EFPP and three fractions (EFPP-1, EFPP-3 and EFPP-4) possessed appreciable in vitro antioxidant effects on α,α-diphenyl-β-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS), hydroxyl radical scavenging and reducing powers. Then, the crude EFPP and EFPP-4 could effective against H2O2-induced injury on HUVEC and VSMC through enhancement of T-AOC, SOD and CAT activities and decrease of MDA content.

  11. M.Yu. Lermontov’s linguistic/literary personality through perspective of linguistic personality perception by philologist V.V. Vinogrado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larisa N. Kuznetsova

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The article considers M.Yu. Lermontov’s linguistic / literary personality through perspective of linguistic personality perception by Great Russian scientist-philologist and linguist, Academician V.V. Vinogradov.

  12. Primary Exploration about Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu%庾信《拟连珠》初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓妮

    2012-01-01

    在对连珠体的形成与演变加以概述的基础上,从题旨、语言形式与艺术表现手法、逻辑推理方式三方面探究了庾信《拟连珠》的艺术成就,并将其与陆机的《演连珠》进行比较,认为庾信的《拟连珠》虽直接脱胎于陆机的《演连珠》,但正是经过庾信的点化,才使得连珠获得了自我的个性生命色彩。%On the basis of summarizing the condition about Lian-Zhu's formation and evolvement,this thesis has explored the artistic achievement of about Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu from three aspects:thematic role;form of language and artistic technique of expression,and compared it with Lu Ji's Yan Lian-Zhu,this thesis considered,although Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu comes directly from Lu Ji's Yan Lian-Zhu,Lian-Zhu is no other than sublimated by Yu Xin's,it then has received its own individual living feature.

  13. Downscaling of the climatic change in the Mei-yu rainband in East Asia by a pseudo climate simulation method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawase, H.; Yoshikane, T.; Hara, M. [JAMSTEC, Yokohama (Japan). Frontier Research Center for Global Change; Ailikun, B. [Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing (China). Institute of Atmospheric Physics; Kimura, F. [JAMSTEC, Yokohama (Japan). Frontier Research Center for Global Change]|[Univ. of Tsukuba (Japan). Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences; Yasunari, T. [JAMSTEC, Yokohama (Japan). Frontier Research Center for Global Change]|[Nagoya Univ. (Japan). Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center

    2008-07-01

    This study focuses on the reproducibility of the climatic change in the early summer rainfall in East Asia (Mei-yu rainband) by the Pseudo Climate Simulation (PCS) using a regional climate model. In the PCS, the lateral boundary condition is given by the composite of six hourly reanalysis data and the difference between two decadal climate means. The daily variation on the lateral boundary of the PCS is similar to that of the control hindcast in one decade, but its climate is the same as the other decadal mean. The PCS accurately reproduces the change in the Mei-yu rainband over Southern China between the 1960s and the 1990s, suggesting that the climatic features of the Mei-yu rainband are controlled by the climatic change in a large-scale circulation. The PCS reduces the uncertainty caused by the interannual variability in case of the downscaling of global warming projected by the General Circulation Models (GCMs) even if the number of sample years is the same as that in the conventional dynamical downscaling. The PCS can also exclude model biases in the present climatology reproduced by each GCM.

  14. 血浆氨基酸代谢变化与肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证的相关性研究%Relevant research on plasma amino acid profiling of cancer patients with ShenXu-TanYu syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巴吐尔·买买提明; 娜孜古力·托合塔森; 孔彬; 陈音; 尤丽; 哈木拉提·吾甫尔

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate metabolic signatures in plasma of cancer patients with ShenXu-TanYu syndrome using plasma-free amino acid profiles,and identify the underlying mechanism of ShenXu-TanYu syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine.Methods Case group were selected from 80 cancer patients with ShenXu-TanYu or 78 non ShenXu-TanYu)and 50 cases from healthy volunteers were selected as control group,plasma samples were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).Spectral profiles were subjected to Student′s t-tests to assess statistical significance.Results Compared with the healthy group,the levels of amino acids decreased significantly in plasma of patients with ShenXu-TanYu and non ShenXu-TanYu syndrome except cystine in patients with ShenXu-TanYu (all P 0.05).Conclusion Plasma-free amino acid profiling could potentially assist in under-standing and determining ShenXu-TanYu in traditional Chinese medicine.A HPLC-based metabonomic platform could be a powerful tool for the classification of different symptoms in traditional medicine.%目的:探讨肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证患者血浆中相关的氨基酸代谢变化及其机制。方法选取健康志愿者50例、肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证患者80例和肿瘤非肾虚痰瘀证患者78例。采用高效液相色谱法(High-Performance Liquid Chromatography,HPLC)检测血浆中17种氨基酸含量,分析各组不同氨基酸含量的差异性。结果健康志愿者与肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证患者血浆中将胱氨酸含量没有差异以外,肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证和肿瘤非肾虚痰瘀证患者血浆中其他所有氨基酸含量均明显降低,与健康志愿者比较差异有统计学意义,(P <0.05)。肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证患者血浆中天冬氨酸、谷氨酸、丝氨酸、胱氨酸、苯丙氨酸、缬氨酸、蛋氨酸、赖氨酸、异亮氨酸、亮氨酸和酪氨酸11种氨基酸含量均高于肿瘤非肾虚痰瘀证患者,差异有统计学意义,(P <0.05)。

  15. 司马迁否定轻重论质疑%Raising Doubts for Denying the Qingzhong Theory by Sima Qian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿振东

    2012-01-01

    许多学者认为司马迁提倡宏观经济管理的善因论,而否定国家干涉主义的轻重论。从司马迁对汉初盛世"物盛而衰"的历史记述可知,他对经济上的善因政策并非完全肯定。分析武帝政府实施轻重论的缘起及这种理论所带来的经济、政治实效,司马迁对轻重论是持赞同态度的。轻重论与善因论具有互补性,它是在特殊社会形势下采取的一种特殊政策。%It is believed that Sima Qian advocated the "Shanyin" theory in the macroeconomic management and denied the "Qingzhong" theory of state--led interventionist. We argue that he didn't approve of " Shanyin" theory totally from the record of the Golden Age in the beginning of the Han dynasty. And also, we discover that he didn't deny the "Qingzhong" theory through analyzing the reasons that this theory was brought into practice and the economic and political results that this theory brought about. The " Qingzhong" theory and "Shanyin" theory were complementary, and the "Qingzhong" theory, as a special policy, was taken under the special social situation.

  16. ANALYSIS ON SPATIAL DIFFERENCE OF LAND USE CHANGE BASED ON PHYSICAL AND CULTURAL LANDSCAPE ATTRIBUTES --A Case Study at Mongolian Autonomous County of Qian Gorlos, Jilin Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Land use changes are regarded as landscape pattern change driven by many interactive natural and social-economic factors. Different combination of physical geographical elements induced the difference of spatio-temporal pattern of land use change. There are four physical geographical regions in Mongolian Autonomou County of Qian Gorlos of Jilin Province. Based on spatial analysis and statistical analysis, we conclude that the primary pattern of land use and the tendency of land use changes are all different in four physical geographical regions. During 1987 - 1996, the dominant land use change processes were from grassland or forest to arableland, from unused land to paddy and grassland to unused land. Though land use change is mainly affected by social and economic condition in short period, the composite characters of physical geographical elements controls land use dynamic process. The relationship between land use dynamic process and the character of physical geographical units differ in different regions. Possible human impacts on land use change are explored with application of buffer areas of series distance along main roads and radius around main settlements. A few models are built to describe the relationship between land use spatial change rates and distance to road and settlements. According to our result, the relationship with the proximity to roads was a negative liner function, with the change rate decreasing rapidly when moving away from roads. Within a distance of less 7.5km from main traffic lines, land use changes occur red more. The bulk of grassland was apt to be opened up for cultivation around the settlements and the transformation from dryland to paddy occurred within the distance of 1km away from settlements.

  17. Colonization of Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 in Wheat Via EGFP%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62的EGFP标记及其在小麦体内的定殖研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘华伟; 王庆贺; 张宏; 王蕊; 肖红利; 郭蔼光

    2009-01-01

    以质粒pEGFP-C1为模板,采用PCR方法特异性扩增增强型绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP)基因全长序列,将其与原核表达载体pVK-100连接,构建成重组载体pVK-EGFP.利用电转化法将重组载体导入巴西固氮螺菌Yu62中,得到EGFP标记菌株.用EGFP标记菌接种小麦'小偃107'种子,室内限菌条件下培养10 d后,用荧光显微镜观测标记菌在小麦体内的定殖规律并观察接菌植株的田间生长状况.结果显示,巴西固氮螺菌Yu62能定殖于小麦根毛区、茎组织的细胞间隙等部位,而且接菌小麦'小偃107'植株在根系发育、株高、分蘖数等方面比对照有较明显的优势.研究表明,巴西固氮螺菌Yu62能够定殖于小麦根茎内,并具有促进植物生长的作用.

  18. 封建社会司马迁经济思想研究评议%Study on Sima Qian's Economic Thoughts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱枝富

    2015-01-01

    Sima Qian’ s remarkable economic insights in Historical Records have been exerted far⁃reaching influence on the Chinese history. During different feudal dynasties afterwards, the economic theory of Sima Qian was studied quite deeply, and dis⁃seminated broadly in the Han Dynasty, the Wei Dynasty and the Six Dynasties. For example, Heng Kuan wrote in The Discourses on Salt and Iron that Sang Hongyang, an economist, quoted on Sima Qian in the famous debate;Ban Gu, in the History of the Former Han Dynasty, criticized that Sima went too far on business, thus advocating the rich and yet looking down upon the poor, which de⁃veloped into a major lead on the study on Sima’ s economic theory. In the Song Dynasty, it was popular to write critique on Historical Records, laying the foundation for the academic discussion on Sima’ s economic thoughts in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Critics of Ming Dynasty clearly understood the significance of Sima’ s economic analysis and were quite close to the crux of Sima’ s original e⁃conomic views. They began to cross⁃read Biographies of Merchants and Pingzhunshu ( a book on intervention policy) , both in Histor⁃ical Records, which was very helpful to integrate various economic ideas of Sima Qian. The Qing Dynasty witnessed a leapfrog in studying Sima’ s ideas, in terms of both the subject and the achievement of the research. While in the modern times, Sima’ s eco⁃nomic thoughts have been widely recognized, applied in practice to guide economic development, and played a great role in promo⁃ting economic progress.%司马迁在经济史传中所反映的经济思想是十分卓越的,在中国历史上产生了十分深远的影响,封建社会各时期对司马迁经济思想开展了比较深入的研究和评论。汉魏六朝时期,是司马迁经济思想的流布时期,桓宽在《盐铁论》中记叙桑弘羊引用司马迁经济思想;班固撰《汉书》批评司马迁“述货殖,则崇

  19. Quantitative Analysis of Yu Ebao Based on Linear Regression Model%基于线性回归模型的余额宝价值分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘冬青

    2014-01-01

    余额宝以其较低的门槛让更多的人接触到货币基金。通过介绍余额宝的主体框架以及2013年余额宝的收益和费用情况,建立线性回归模型,定量分析了余额宝的收益。经过研究发现:可以怀疑在高额利益的背后余额宝公司可能存在前期的贴息问题以吸引客户;余额宝通过协议存款将利润从银行转给客户的同时,并且在一定程度上也把风险转嫁给了客户;余额宝给金融行业带来了革命性的创新是不可否认的,同时也带来了潜在的系统性风险。%Yu Ebao,with its low threshold, let more people access to the monetary fund.Through detailed introduction of the main frame of Yu Ebao ,and the income and expenses of Yu Ebao.Establish a linear regression model,to analysis the Yu Ebao quantitatively.Through the study found that: in order to attract customers,Yu Ebao may have the problem of interests behind the high profits;Yu Ebao transfer the profit to customers from bank through agreement deposits ,and to a certain extent also the risk on to their customers at the same time ;Yu Ebao has brought the revolutionary innovation to the financial industry is undeniable,but also brought the potential systemic risk.

  20. 山田业广《千金要方读书记》初探%Preliminary study on Yamada's Qian jin yao fang du shu ji (Reading Notes of Essential Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊德

    2008-01-01

    Yamada was a Japanese famous textology expert and bibliographer of Kampo medicine in the middle and late Edo period, one of his representative works is Qian jin yao fang du shu ji ( Reading Notes of Essential Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold), which was completed after he studied Qian jia yao fang (Essential Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold) , with the Song edition of Edo medical library as the master text it check against the Yuan edition, Zbengde edition, Wanli edition, Jiajing edition and handcopied genuine version. The above editions were the best contemporary version even until today, with high literature values. Yamada made a perfect texture research on Qian jin yaofang with familiar textology knowledge so as to cor-rect mistakes, elaborate annotations and judge common words. Unfortunately, there were seldom new ideas and several checked mistakes and wrong annotations.%山田业广是江户中末期日本著名的汉方医学考据学专家、文献学家,是其代表著作之一.山田业广以江户医学馆模刻宋版作为底本,取元刊本、正德本、万历本、嘉靖本、手抄真本等为校本,对进行研究并完成的撰写.以上几种版本是当时乃至现在所存之最善者,具有较高的文献价值.山田业广在中运用熟稔的考据学知识,对进行精良的考证,纠正讹误、阐发文义、判断俗字等方面为其所得;但新颖见解较少,并存在误校误训之处.

  1. The Philosophy of Practice Through“Sincere Intention” and “Attainment of Understanding” in Qian Xushan’ s Perspective%钱绪山以“诚意”“致知”为进路的工夫哲学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明书

    2015-01-01

    This paper firstly explains the philosophy of gongfu 工夫( ways of self-cultivation ) through defining “gongfu” and “philosophy of gongfu” and explains why philosophy of gongfu is applicable for the explanations of Qian Xushan ’ s texts. Secondly, this paper clarifies the definitions and connotations of yi 意( intentions ) , zhi 知 ( knowledge ) , chengyi诚意( orientating mind) and zhizhi致知 ( acquiring knowledge) in Qian Xushan’ s philosophy and explains how one can become a Confucian sage through different above-mentioned gongfu. To elaborate the above ideas, this paper is divided into the following five parts:introduction;Qian Xushan ’ s gongfu philosophical approaches; on “orientating mind”;“acquiring the knowledge”;the conclusion and prospects.%本文首先说明工夫哲学这个哲学课题的提出,解释从工夫哲学的视角探讨钱绪山文本的原因,并且界定“工夫”与“工夫哲学”的意义。接下来,借由界说与厘清“意”“知”“诚意”与“致知”的意义,理解钱绪山的工夫哲学如何从“意”与“知”上下工夫,亦即从“心”上下工夫,从心之工夫带出锻炼意志、具体操作的方法———见在工夫等,以作为儒家成圣修养的重要理论。

  2. Supercavitation Advances and Perspectives A collection dedicated to the 70th jubilee of YuN Savchenko

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    This collection is dedicated to the 70th jubilee of Yu. N. Savchenko, and presents experimental, theoretical, and numerical investigations written by an international group of well-known authors. The contributions solve very important problems of the high-speed hydrodynamics, such as supersonic motion in water, drag diminishing, dynamics and stability of supercavitating vehicles, water entry and hydrodynamic performances of hydrofoils, ventilated cavities after a disc and under the ship bottom. The  book is written for researches, scientists, engineers, and students interested in problems of hydromechanics.

  3. Introduction to ba-yu culture in the animation creation practice--“who sent lfowers to animation, for example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弟龙

    2014-01-01

    Cultural Creative Industries Cultural and Creative Industries, is a kind of economic globalization under the background of the creativity as the core of the emerging Industries, emphasis on a subject or Cultural factors depend on personal (team) through the industrialization of technology, Creative, and ways of industry development, marketing, intellectual property rights. With the high-speed development of creative cultural industry. As a cultural creative industries in the animation industry began to rise rapidly across the country. Based on the creation of animation who sent flowers as an example, analyzes how the ba-yu culture in the animation creation practice. Hope to be able to achieve this effect.

  4. Edward Denison, Guang Yu Ren, Luke Him Sau Architect: China’s Missing Modern, Chichester: John Wiley & Son

    OpenAIRE

    Kögel, Eduard

    2016-01-01

    This book by Edward Denison and Guang Yu Ren is one of the first of its kind, focusing on the biography of a first-generation architect from twentieth-century China. Like his fellow architects of that period, Luke Him Sau (Lu Qianshou, 陸謙受, 1904-1991) belonged to a group of architects educated at a Western school with a formal academic tradition. In late 1930s this generation designed the curricula for the architectural education system in China according to their experience in the West. The ...

  5. Product Platform Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk, Lone

    engaging in platform-based product development. Similarly platform assessment criteria lack empirical verification regarding relevance and sufficiency. The thesis focuses on • the process of identifying and estimating internal effects, • verification of performance of product platforms, (i...... to support this understanding. Finally a categorisation of different approaches to platform-based product development is introduced, based on the companies from the industrial study.......The aim of this research is to improve understanding of platform-based product development by studying platform performance in relation to internal effects in companies. Platform-based product development makes it possible to deliver product variety and at the same time reduce the needed resources...

  6. 关于《芋粥》的叙事分析%On the narrative analysis of "Yu Zhou"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴梦

    2012-01-01

      "Yu Zhou" is the history written novel based on "Akutagawa". Both in content and in form, his original creation is recreated again. Recreation of forms is mainly embodied in that the narrator is "explicit". Through analysis of the narrator's type in "Yu Zhou", can be better for the text narrative analysis.%  《芋粥》是芥川龙之介取材于《今昔物语集》写就的历史题材的小说。无论从内容上还是从形式上,芥川都对原作进行了再创作。形式上的再创作主要体现在让叙述者“外显”这一点上。而通过分析《芋粥》中叙述者的类型,可以更好地对文本进行叙事分析

  7. Ground-based radar reflectivity mosaic of mei-yu precipitation systems over the Yangtze River-Huaihe River basins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Yali; Qian, Weimiao; Gong, Yu; Wang, Hongyan; Zhang, Da-Lin

    2016-11-01

    The 3D radar reflectivity produced by a mosaic software system, with measurements from 29 operational weather radars in the Yangtze River-Huaihe River Basins (YRHRB) during the mei-yu season of 2007, is compared to coincident TRMM PR observations in order to evaluate the value of the ground-based radar reflectivity mosaic in characterizing the 3D structures of mei-yu precipitation. Results show reasonable agreement in the composite radar reflectivity between the two datasets, with a correlation coefficient of 0.8 and a mean bias of -1 dB. The radar mosaic data at constant altitudes are reasonably consistent with the TRMM PR observations in the height range of 2-5 km, revealing essentially the same spatial distribution of radar echo and nearly identical histograms of reflectivity. However, at altitudes above 5 km, the mosaic data overestimate reflectivity and have slower decreasing rates with height compared to the TRMM PR observations. The areas of convective and stratiform precipitation, based on the mosaic reflectivity distribution at 3-km altitude, are highly correlated with the corresponding regions in the TRMM products, with correlation coefficients of 0.92 and 0.97 and mean relative differences of -7.9% and -2.5%, respectively. Finally, the usefulness of the mosaic reflectivity at 3-km altitude at 6-min intervals is illustrated using a mesoscale convective system that occurred over the YRHRB.

  8. Comparative Studies of Different Mesoscale Convection Parameterization Schemes in the Simulation of Mei-Yu Front Heavy Rain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PING Fan; LUO Zhe-Xian

    2010-01-01

    The mei-yu front heavy rainstorms occurred over Nanjing on 3-5 and 8-9 July 2003 and were simu-lated in this paper using the Weather Research and Fore-casting Model (WRFv3.1) with various mesoscale con-vection parameterization schemes (MCPSs). The simula-tions show that the temporal and spatial evolution and distribution of rainstorms can be modeled; however, there was incongruity between the comparative simulations of four different MCPSs and the observed data. These dis-parities were exhibited in the simulations of both the 24-hour surface rainfall total and the hourly precipitation rate. Further analysis revealed that the discrepancies of vertical velocity and the convective vorticity vector (CVV) between the four simulations were attributed to the devia-tion of rainfall values. In addition, the simulations show that the mid-scale convection, particularly the mesoscale convection system (MCS) formation, can be well simu-lated with the proper mesoscale convection parameteriza-tion schemes and may be a crucial factor of the mei-yu front heavy rainstorm. These results suggest that, in an effort to enhance simulation'and prediction of heavy rain-fall and rainstorms, subsequent studies should focus on the development and improvement of MCPS.

  9. Land use change and its ecological effect in Qian'an County of Jilin Province%乾安县土地利用变化及其生态效应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟林生; 张永民; 赵士洞

    2003-01-01

    Based on GIS and statistical methods, with the help of searching historical literatures and calculating the landscape indices, the land use changes of Qian'an County in both spatial and temporal aspects from 1945 to 1996 has been analyzed in this paper. And the driving forces of land use changes and their ecological effects are discussed too. The main findings of this study are as follows: (1) Land use changed greatly in Qian'an during 1945-1996, characterized by a decrease in grassland, wetland and water bodies, and an increase in cultivated land, saline-alkali land, and the land for housing and other construction purposes. Grassland decreased by 175,828.66 ha, and cultivated land increased by 102,137.23 ha over the half century. Accordingly, the main landscape type changed from a steppe landscape to a managed agricultural ecosystem. (2) Results of correlation analysis show that the land use change in the study area was mainly driven by the socioeconomic factors. (3) The ecological effects of land use change in the area are characterized by serious salinization, degression of soil fertility and the weakening of landscape suitability.

  10. Sense of humor and discrepancy between essays of Qian Zhongshu and Lin Yutang%钱钟书与林语堂散文的幽默品格及其文本差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑玉蓉

    2011-01-01

    Both Qian Zhongshu and Lin Yutang promoted humorous style of assays in the 1930s and 1940s though their styles are quite different. Qian was proned to the "truth", which won the prose narratives of the west and if full of scholar type of thinking and argu%20世纪三四十年代同时提倡幽默文风的文学大家钱钟书与林语堂,其幽默品格各有特色,前者重“理”,深得西方随笔的理趣,充满了学者式的思辨与博弈;后者重“情”,即情调,情趣,是对中国古典散文精神的继承,追求士大夫的闲适与雅趣,这与晚明“性灵文学”的渊源一脉相承。他们横移与纵向继承所形成的不同幽默风格及其文本差异,丰富了现代散文的内涵,对散文审美体系的建立产生了重要影响。

  11. 从生成至对接与深化--于赓虞研究述评%From Generation to Docking and Deepening:An Overview of Studies on YU Geng-yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司真真

    2016-01-01

    YU Geng-yu’s research can be divided into two stages:the research from 1923 to 1949 was often done by his friends,who opened the channel of YU Geng-yu ’s research in the poetic content,artistic form and influence at home and abroad.People of that time passed different judgments on the content and form of his poetry both positively and negatively.Some review involved complex human factors.The study after 1980 was the period of comprehensive deepening.Research on Poetry was gradually deepened based on the previous stage.Extraterritorial impact source extended from Shelley to Baudelaire,“rubayat”,Kuriyagawa,Wordsworth and so on.Diversity of poetry stage ,life experience of poets and poetic theory received more attention,which means that a new field of research was opened and research ideas and research method are also updated.%于赓虞研究可分为两个阶段:1923—1949年的研究多为其好友所作,在诗歌内容、艺术形式、中外影响等方面为于赓虞研究打开了通道,其中,诗歌的情感内容与艺术形式时人毁誉不一,牵涉到复杂的人事因素;1980年后的研究为全面深化期,诗歌方面在延续前一阶段研究的基础上逐渐深化,影响源由雪莱扩展至波德莱尔、《鲁拜集》、厨川白村和华兹华斯等,诗歌分期多样化,生平经历和诗论获得关注,意味着开辟了新的研究领域,研究观念和研究方法也得以更新。

  12. Product Platform Modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Rasmus

    on the notion that reuse and encapsulation of platform elements are fundamental characteristics of a product platform. Reuse covers the desire to reuse and share certain assets across a family of products and/or across generations of products. Product design solutions and principles are often regarded...... as important assets in a product platform, yet activities, working patterns, processes and knowledge can also be reused in a platform approach. Encapsulation is seen as a process in which the different elements of a platform are grouped into well defined and self-contained units which are decoupled from each......This PhD thesis has the title Product Platform Modelling. The thesis is about product platforms and visual product platform modelling. Product platforms have gained an increasing attention in industry and academia in the past decade. The reasons are many, yet the increasing globalisation...

  13. ITS Platform North Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lahrmann, Harry; Agerholm, Niels; Juhl, Jens

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the project entitled “ITS Platform North Denmark” which is used as a test platform for Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) solutions. The platform consists of a newly developed GNSS/GPRS On Board Unit (OBU) to be installed in 500 cars, a backend server and a specially...... designed digital road map for ITS applications. The platform is freely accessible, which means that third party applications could be run on the platform. It is estimated that using this platform enables the ITS applications to be developed for 20% of the normal cost, hence third party are invited to test...... their applications in this platform. This paper presents the platform’s potentials and explains a series of test applications which are under development on it. Moreover, a number of new projects planned for the platform are demonstrated....

  14. Transcriptomic Profiling Reveals Complex Molecular Regulation in Cotton Genic Male Sterile Mutant Yu98-8A.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weiping Fang

    Full Text Available Although cotton genic male sterility (GMS plays an important role in the utilization of hybrid vigor, its precise molecular mechanism remains unclear. To characterize the molecular events of pollen abortion, transcriptome analysis, combined with histological observations, was conducted in the cotton GMS line, Yu98-8A. A total of 2,412 genes were identified as significant differentially expressed genes (DEGs before and during the critical pollen abortion stages. Bioinformatics and biochemical analysis showed that the DEGs mainly associated with sugars and starch metabolism, oxidative phosphorylation, and plant endogenous hormones play a critical and complicated role in pollen abortion. These findings extend a better understanding of the molecular events involved in the regulation of pollen abortion in genic male sterile cotton, which may provide a foundation for further research studies on cotton heterosis breeding.

  15. [Professor ZHANG Yu-Lian's experiences in treatment of post-stroke ataxia by regulating marrow sea acupuncture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Su-Ling

    2014-08-01

    The experiences and characteristics of professor ZHANG Yu-lian in regulating marrow sea acupuncture for treatment of post-stroke ataxia is introduced. Professor ZHANG established regulating marrow sea acupuncture based on the fundamentals of traditional Chinese medicine combined with brain functional region projection and cerebrovascular distribution of modern medicine. "Three acupoints regulating balance" "3 acupoints regulating transportation" "3 acupoints regulating tremor" and Fengchi (GB 20), Fengfu (GB 16), Wangu (GB 12), Tianzhu (BL 10) and C3-C6 Jiaji (Ex-B2) acupoints were applied in this kind of manipulation. We combined holding spirits of doctor and patient together, and controlled the sensation transduction with different manipulations to reach the foci, which emphasis on the doctor-patient cooperation and body-mind co-regulation, finally promote patients' comprehensive rehabilitation.

  16. 赤壁之战后的周瑜考论%On Zhou Yu After The Chibi Battle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林榕杰

    2011-01-01

    周瑜等在赤壁之战获胜后发动江陵之战,并最终迫使曹仁撤走。占领南郡江陵等地使得孙权后来在与刘备就荆州问题的交涉中处于较为有利的地位。刘备赴江东谈判“都督荆州”之事,周瑜、吕范劝孙权借机留下刘备。不过孙权接受了鲁肃的建c义,对刘备采取笼络、联合的立场,但又力求从刘备那谋取一定实际利益。周瑜向孙权提出先攻取巴蜀、汉中而后进占襄阳的战略规划。他或想到刘备以后会染指益州.因此主张先西进益州,这样可挤压刘备未来的战略发展空间,实现“二分天下”的目标。他的病逝使这一战略规划未能实现。赤壁之战后的周瑜是江东方面向外扩张的急进派,而且他抓住了向荆州扩张的机会。%Zhou Yu and other commanders launched the Jiangling Battle after their victory in the Chibi Battle, and later forced Cao Ren to retreat. After occupying Jiangling and some other places in Nanjun, Sun Quan strengthened his position in the negotiation on Jingzhou with Liu Bei. Liu Bei went to Jiangdong to carry on negotiations on his controlling Jingzhou, but Zhou Yu and Lu Fan advised Sun Quan to detain him. However, Sun Quan was persuaded by Lu Su to ally with Liu Bei, though with seeking certain benefits from the latter. Zhou Yu produced a strategic planning to capture Ba, Shu and Hanzhong, and then occupy Xiangyang. Perhaps at that time he realized Liu Bei would attack Yizhou later, so he argued for marching westwards to Yizhou in advance in order to squeeze the future strategic space of Liu Bei, and achieved his objectives of "dividing the empire into two parts". This strategic planning was not carried out because of his death. Zhou Yu belonged to the radical expansionists in Jiangdong after the Chibi Battle, and he seized the chance to expand into Jingzhou.

  17. On the Differences between Chinese and Western Culture——From Fighting Against the Flood of King Yu to Noah’s Ark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张长江

    2015-01-01

    With the increasing cross-culture communication,more and more linguists come to realize that the cultural gap is a large obstacle in cultural transition and social intercourse.This paper discusses the differences between Chinese and Western culture from King Yu combating the flood to Noah’s Ark to help Chinese communicate with westerners and develop CrossCultural Communication smoothly.

  18. WANG Yongping,Zhonggu shiren qianyi yu wenhua jiaoliu%王永平:《中古士人迁移与文化交流》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张聪

    2007-01-01

    @@ In Zhonggu shiren qianyi yu wenhua jiaoliu (Literati migration and culturalexchange in the medieval period), Wang Yongping argues that large-scalerelocation and dislocation of shiren or educated elite during the medieval period(220-581) contributed greatly to the spread of region-specific learning traditions,religious practices, and social customs.

  19. Mobile platform security

    CERN Document Server

    Asokan, N; Dmitrienko, Alexandra

    2013-01-01

    Recently, mobile security has garnered considerable interest in both the research community and industry due to the popularity of smartphones. The current smartphone platforms are open systems that allow application development, also for malicious parties. To protect the mobile device, its user, and other mobile ecosystem stakeholders such as network operators, application execution is controlled by a platform security architecture. This book explores how such mobile platform security architectures work. We present a generic model for mobile platform security architectures: the model illustrat

  20. Contrasts of Atmospheric Circulation and Associated Tropical Convection between Huaihe River Valley and Yangtze River Valley Mei-yu Flooding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HONG Jieli; LIU Yimin

    2012-01-01

    The significant differences of atmospheric circulation between flooding in the Huaihe and Yangtze River valleys during early mei-yu (i.e.,the East Asian rainy season in June) and the related tropical convection were investigated.During the both flooding cases,although the geopotential height anomalies always exhibit equivalent barotropic structures in middle to high latitudes at middle and upper troposphere,the phase of the Rossby wave train is different over Eurasian continent.During flooding in the Huaihe River valley,only one single blocking anticyclone is located over Baikal Lake.In contrast,during flooding in the Yangtze River valley,there are two blocking anticyclones.One is over the Ural Mountains and the other is over Northeast Asia.In the lower troposphere a positive geopotential height anomaly is located at the western ridge of subtropical anticyclone over Western Pacific (SAWP) in both flooding cases,but the location of the height anomaly is much farther north and west during the Huaihe River mei-yu flooding.Furthermore,abnormal rainfall in the Huaihe River valley and the regions north of it in China is closely linked with the latent heating anomaly over the Arabian Sea and Indian peninsula.However,the rainfall in the Yangtze River valley and the regions to its south in China is strongly related to the convection over the western tropical Pacific.Numerical experiments demonstrated that the enhanced latent heating over the Arabian Sea and Indian peninsula causes water vapor convergence in the region south of Tibetan Plateau and in the Huaihe River valley extending to Japan Sea with enhanced precipitation; and vapor divergence over the Yangtze River valley and the regions to its south with deficient precipitation.While the weakened convection in the tropical West Pacific results in moisture converging over the Yangtze River and the region to its south,along with abundant rainfall.

  1. 论《国语》的史学特色%On historical features of Guo Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁庆永

    2015-01-01

    先秦时期是我国史学的兴起时期,先后出现了《春秋》、《左传》、《国语》、《竹书纪年》、《世本》、《战国策》等历史著述,为后世了解春秋战国时期的政治、文化提供了较为丰富的史料。就《国语》而言,作为我国历史上第一部“分国记言”的史书,主要运用特定的对话形式展现了这一时期诸侯国之间的政治和社会历史状况,它的体裁和风格、内容以及史学意识也都对后世史学产生了重要影响,是先秦史学的重要代表。%Pre-Qin period witnessed the booming of China’ s historical studies, in which such historical books as The Spring and Autumn Annals, Guo Yu, Bamboo Annals, Shi Ben and Intrigues of the Warring States were suc-cessively compiled.These books provided the future generations with valuable historical records about the politics and culture in Spring and Autumn and the Warring States periods.Guo Yu, the first history book in China’ s his-tory in which each state was given its respective description, depicted the politics, society and history in the member states in a special colloquial style.Its genres, style, content and the infused historical awareness have exerted great influnce on the historical studies in the future generations, which makes it a representative work in historical studies in pre-Qin periods.

  2. Changes of powder prescriptions in Qian jin yao fang (Essential Prescriptions Worth A Thousand Gold) made by Song people%简述宋人对《千金要方》散剂的改动

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾凤

    2008-01-01

    两种重要传本、在内容上多有不同,其中在方剂文献方面的差异特别值得重视.宋人对原书的散剂相关内容进行了诸多改动,包括论述散剂的章节与内容、药味计量单位、药味重量、散剂制法等,其所有的改动均无任何标示,书前的"凡例"亦无任何说明.从内容来看,由于增补了诸多散剂相关医学资料,宋校本较之新雕本显然更为丰富,书籍的章节编排更为明确合理.作为中医临床百科全书,宋校本更便于阅读与使用.但从传统的文献整理的角度来看,径改原书确为学者之大忌.%As the contents in the two circulated versions of Qian jin yao fang (Essential Prescriptions Worth A Thousand Gold),i.e Bei ko qian jin yao fang (Essential Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergencies) and Xin diao sun zhen ren qian jin fang (Newly Printed Sun's Prescriptions Worth A Thousand Gold) aye different greatly,especially on the literature of prescriptions.Song people made a lot of changes on the contents of powder prescriptions,including the related chapters and its contents,computation unit of materia medica,weights,and processing methods etc.without any remarks,nor notes in its preface.The contents in the Song version were more enriched than the newly carved version with the reasonable arrangement of its texts.As a clinical encyclopedia of traditional Chinese medicine,the Song version is more convenient for reading and using.However,it is a great taboo for the scholars to tamper an ancient work at will from bibliographic viewpoints.

  3. The Reasons for Qian Mu's Setting up a Chapter for Chen Li in his Chinese Academic History in Almost Three Hundred Years%钱穆《中国近三百年学术史》特论陈澧之原因析论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜淑红

    2011-01-01

    陈澧作为一个讲学著述终老的普通经生,在学术史上并没有像康有为等人能在晚清思想界留有重要轨迹,而钱穆却在《中国近三百年学术史》中将陈澧单列一章,并且致以"拳拳向往之意"。其原因是多方面的,一方面在于陈澧所处的时代与钱穆相似,即他们都处于学风转变的特殊时代;另一方面是缘于钱穆的高度社会责任感,因陈澧对于新学风的提倡而颇合钱穆"求人才,转世运"的殷切之望。%As an ordinary Confucian from cradle to grave, Chen li didn't play an important role in the academic history like Kang You wei in late Qing dynasty. Qian mu set up a chapter for Chen li and showed "a very admiring meaning" in his Chinese Academic History in Almost Three Hundred Years. This reflected Qian mu's subjective judgment for academic contexts. The reasons are various. On the one hand, there exist time similarities of Chen li and Qian mu, that is, they are in special times of study change. On the other hand, it is due to a high social sense of Qian mu, because Chen li's advocating for a new style of study complies with Qian mu's earnest hope of "seeking talents, reincarnation luck".

  4. Continuous Platform Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ole Fiil

    low risks and investments but also with relatively fuzzy results. When looking for new platform projects, it is important to make sure that the company and market is ready for the introduction of platforms, and to make sure that people from marketing and sales, product development, and downstream......, but continuous product family evolution challenges this strategy. The concept of continuous platform development is based on the fact that platform development should not be a one-time experience but rather an ongoing process of developing new platforms and updating existing ones, so that product family...

  5. Cross-Platform Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina ENACHE

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Cross-platform - a concept becoming increasingly used in recent years especially in the development of mobile apps, but this consistently over time and in the development of conventional desktop applications. The notion of cross-platform software (multi-platform or platform-independent refers to a software application that can run on more than one operating system or computing architecture. Thus, a cross-platform application can operate independent of software or hardware platform on which it is execute. As a generic definition presents a wide range of meanings for purposes of this paper we individualize this definition as follows: we will reduce the horizon of meaning and we use functionally following definition: a cross-platform application is a software application that can run on more than one operating system (desktop or mobile identical or in a similar way.

  6. “儿科宗师”钱乙的组方规律与用药特色探析%Analyze the Prescriptions Organization Principle and Medicine Usage Characteristics of Qian Yi, the Great Master of Pediatrics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘敏; 闫军堂; 刘晓倩; 王庆国; 潘利叶

    2014-01-01

    Objective]To analyze the prescriptions organization principle and medicine usage characteristics of Qian Yi, the great master of pediatrics. [Method]Through reading the book, Xiao'er Yao Zheng Zhi Jue, we analyze Qian Yi's medical records and prescriptions and summarize his medicine usage characteristics. [Result]We summarize the prescriptions organization principle and medicine usage characteristics as seven respects. They are changing old prescriptions, creating new prescriptions, medicate gently, never reinforcing the sluggish and violent, noticing the ascending and descending qi activity, medicating accurately and drug forms changeable, and so on.[Conclusion]Qian Yi medicated accurately and gently, noticed the children physiological and pathological Characteristics and the cold or heat, asthenia or sthenia degree of five zang-organs. Under the principle of trying one's best to remove the pathogenic factors, he emphasized that elimination did not harm healthy qi as wel as reinforcement did not stagnate pathogenic factors, and medicated either reinforcing and eliminating in combination or cold and warm simultaneously. Qian Yi strived to medicate gently, to reverse the doctors' abusing aromatic and violent medicine in that era. That has a great influence on the medicine usage of pediatricians in later era.%[目的]探讨“儿科宗师”钱乙的组方规律与用药特色。[方法]通过研读《小儿药证直诀》,对钱乙的临床验案及方剂药物进行分析与归纳,总结其组方用药的学术特色。[结果]钱乙的组方规律与用药特色为以下七个方面,即:化裁古方,创制新方,用药务求柔润,力戒呆补峻补,注意升降气机,用药精专以及剂型多变等。[结论]钱乙制方遣药,精炼轻灵,处处注意到小儿生理病理特点及五脏的虚实寒热,在祛邪务尽的原则下,力求攻不伤正,补不滞邪,或消补兼施,或寒温并投,并从柔润方面下功夫,以

  7. 论钱穆天人合一观的生态文明取向%Ecological Civilization Orientation for Qian Mu's View of “Oneness of Man and Nature”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖功欧

    2014-01-01

    钱穆的天人合一观建基于其一生持守的“人文演进”观之上,越到晚年,其思维越趋于“道之大原出于天”的理念,越凸显出天人合一的生态价值之思维取向。钱穆深信天人合一为中国文化的最高信仰,有了这一信仰,就有其实践之路,这就是人是可以参赞天地之“化育”过程而促其功能实现的,而这一参赞须符合天道自然之规律。钱穆坚信,天人合一观的生态文明取向,将是中国思想对世界文化作出的最大贡献。%Qian Mu's view of “oneness of man and nature”is based on his“human evolution” idea. In his old age, his thinking trends toward the idea“truth comes from nature”, which highlights thinking orientation of ecolog-ical value of oneness of man and nature. Qian Mu firmly believes that oneness of man and nature is the supreme faith of Chinese culture, with which human finds the way to join in nature. He firmly believes that ecological civi-lization orientation of oneness of man and nature is the largest contribution of Chinese culture to the world.

  8. 前门东区历史与文化保护传承策略研究%The Historical And Cultural Protection Research Of East Area Of Qian Men

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李嘉文; 甘振坤

    2016-01-01

    The research object of this paper is the protection and inheritance of East area of QIAN MEN. The article first outlines the important historical value and existing problems of the front door. The article analyzes the urgent curent contradiction, from the aspect of building quality, living demand, public space and infrastructure, etc. In view of these contradictions, the article puts forward five regulation strategy: classified management, dynamic protection, strengthen public space construction, strengthen infrastructure construction and residents' participation. We hope that through the protection and utilization research of the East area of QIAN MEN traditional characteristics, we can can provide more reference for future protection projects.%本文的研究对象为前门东区的保护传承问题。文章首先概述了前门东区重要的历史价值与现存问题,并从建筑质量、公共空间和基础设施等角度,详细剖析了当前亟须解决的矛盾。针对这些矛盾,文章进而提出了分类整治、动态保护、加强公共空间营造、加强基础设施建设及提倡居民参与五项整治策略,希望通过对前门东区传统特色的保护与利用方法的研究,能对以后的保护项目提供更多的参考。

  9. Cloning and Functional Analysis of glnB from Azospirilum brasilense Yu62%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 glnB基因的克隆及其功能分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李周华; 陈三凤; 李季伦

    2001-01-01

    通过原位杂交从巴西固氮螺菌Yu62的基因文库中,筛选到glnB基因的阳性克隆,将3.7kb/EcoRI+PstI的阳性克隆亚克隆到pUC19中,进行了全序列分析,其在GenBank中的登记号是AF323960。DNA序列分析表明该阳性克隆含有完整的glnB基因,glnB基因下游是编码谷氨酰胺合成酶(GS)的glnA基因,glnB基因上游是一个编码未知蛋白的ORF。glnB基因编码区长336bp,编码112个氨基酸,与肺炎克氏杆菌、大豆慢生根瘤菌、豌豆根瘤菌及大肠杆菌在氨基酸顺序的同源性分别高达71%、77%、79%和69%。将卡那霉素抗性片段(Km-cas-sette)插入glnB基因的BglⅡ位点,通过三亲杂交法将其引入到巴西固氮螺菌Yu62中,通过同源重组,获得GlnB-突变株(glnB::Km)。为了进一步分析glnB基因的功能,将glnB基因的编码区(339bp)构建在pVK100中,置于Km启动子下组成型表达,形成重组质粒pVK-Ⅱ。将重组质粒pVK-Ⅱ转入到GlnB-突变株,构建成互补株C-glnB(glnB::Km/glnB)。对GlnB-突变株和互补株的固氮酶活性和生长性能的测定表明,GlnB-突变体无固氮酶活性,即表型 为Nif-;而互补株像野生型菌株一样具有固氮酶活性。突变株、互补株及野生型在菌落生长速度上基本相同。将含有glnB基因的重组质粒pVK-Ⅱ分别转移到野生型Yu62菌株和具有一定抗铵能力的DraT-突变株中,使glnB基因的拷贝数增加,并进一步比较它们的固氮酶活性,结果表明多拷贝的glnB基因能显著提高固氮酶活性。

  10. The Canonized Image of Guan Yu under the Contemporary Vision---From Guan Yu on Romance of the Three Kingdoms%当代视野下关羽形象的经典化--从《三国演义》中的关羽谈起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨银杰

    2016-01-01

    《三国演义》塑造了关羽鲜明的性格特征,成功展示了关羽忠信智勇的艺术形象,诠释了具有中华民族审美特征的英雄情怀。《三国演义》中的关羽已具有神异的色彩,这与历史上的关羽形象不尽相同,是其在历史真实基础上的艺术升华。纵观关羽形象的历史演变,可知这一英雄形象产生于中国特定的文化环境,是中华民族信守忠义文化心理的体现。在当今社会,分析关羽崇拜的社会影响,能够更好地解读关羽形象经典化的精神价值。%Romance of the Three Kingdoms shapes Guan Yu's distinct personality characteristics , shows his faithfu and brave artistic image , and illustrates the heroic feelings with Chinese aesthetic characteristics .Guan Yu in Romance of the Three Kingdoms is something of a god , which is not the same the historical image of Guan Yu.His movie image is the sublimation of art on the basis of historical truth .From the historical evolution of Guan Yu's image , we find that this hero image grows out of China's specific cultural environment and it is the cultural and psychlogical embodyment of Chinese loyalty .In today's society , by analyzing the socail effect of people's worship of Guan Yu , we can have a better understanding of the spirit value of Guan Yu's canonized image.

  11. Platform switching and bone platform switching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carinci, Francesco; Brunelli, Giorgio; Danza, Matteo

    2009-01-01

    Bone platform switching involves an inward bone ring in the coronal part of the implant that is in continuity with the alveolar bone crest. Bone platform switching is obtained by using a dental fixture with a reverse conical neck. A retrospective study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of conventional vs reverse conical neck implants. In the period between May 2004 and November 2007, 86 patients (55 females and 31 males; median age, 53 years) were operated and 234 implants were inserted: 40 and 194 were conventional vs reverse conical neck implants, respectively. Kaplan-Meier algorithm and Cox regression were used to detect those variables associated with the clinical outcome. No differences in survival and success rates were detected between conventional vs reverse conical neck implants alone or in combination with any of the studied variables. Although bone platform switching leads to several advantages, no statistical difference in alveolar crest resorption is detected in comparison with reverse conical neck implants. We suppose that the proximity of the implant abutment junction to the alveolar crestal bone gives no protection against the microflora contained in the micrograph. Additional studies on larger series and a combination of platform switching and bone platform switching could lead to improved clinical outcomes.

  12. Platform development supportedby gaming

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkola, Juliana Hsuan; Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård

    2007-01-01

    The challenge of implementing industrial platforms in practice can be described as a configuration problem caused by high number of variables, which often have contradictory influences on the total performance of the firm. Consequently, the specific platform decisions become extremely complex......, possibly increasing the strategic risks for the firm. This paper reports preliminary findings on platform management process at LEGO, a Danish toy company.  Specifically, we report the process of applying games combined with simulations and workshops in the platform development. We also propose a framework......, based on the portfolio management thinking, to measure the degree of modularity embedded in a given platform and to what extent it is aligned with other platforms....

  13. DFH-3 Satellite Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    RenShufang

    2005-01-01

    The DFH-3 satellite platform is designed and developed by China Academy of Space Technology (CAST). It is a medium capability communications satellite platform. The platform adopts threeaxis attitude stabilization control system, having solar array output power of 1.7kW by the end of its design lifetime of 8 years. Its mass is 2100kg with payload capacity of 220kg.

  14. Product Platform Replacements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sköld, Martin; Karlsson, Christer

    2012-01-01

    Purpose – It is argued in this article that too little is known about product platforms and how to deal with them from a manager's point of view. Specifically, little information exists regarding when old established platforms are replaced by new generations in R&D and production environments...... originality and value is achieved by focusing on product platform replacements believed to represent a growing management challenge....

  15. Evaluation Models for E-Learning Platform in Riyadh City Universities (RCU with Applied of Geographical Information System (GIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulaziz I. Alharrah

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available E-learning that integrates digital knowledge content, network and information technology has become an emerging learning method. As the e-learning platform approach is becoming an important tool to allow the flexibility and quality requested by such a kind of learning process. There is a new kind of problem faced by organizations consisting in the selection of the most suitable e-learning platform. This paper proposes evaluation model for E-Learning platform in Riyadh City universities (RCU with Applied Geographic Information System (GIS. The E-Learning platform solution selection is a multiple criteria decision-making problem that needs to be addressed objectively taking into consideration the relative weights of the criteria for any organization. We formulate the quoted multi criteria problem as a decision hierarchy to be solved using GIS. AGIS-based evaluation index system and web-based evaluating platform were established. In this paper we will show the general evaluation strategy and some obtained results using our model to evaluate some existing commercial platforms.The results of evaluation model are outlined as follows: Total weights of the proposed framework in management feature is 20.25/25, in collaborative feature is 9.2/10, in adaption learning path is 6.8/10 and in interactive learning object is 5/5. The total weights of all features are 41.25/50. In this study an evaluation model was applied on Riyadh City universities like KSU, IMAMU, NAUSS, YU and FU. Then, the results were compared with each other. The total weighs of KSU was 41. While the total weights of FU, IMAMU, YU and NAUSS was 40, 37, 36 and 32, respectively. Evaluation process shows that the proposed framework satisfied the objectives with applied GIS.

  16. The Creative Platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Byrge, Christian; Hansen, Søren

    This book is about introducing more creativity into general educational courses and cross-disciplinary activities. It is directed toward teachers at all levels in the educational system, but the Creative Platform is a general model, and thus the creative process will fundamentally be the same...... whether you consider thirdgrade teaching, human-resource development, or radical new thinking in product development in a company. The Creative Platform was developed at Aalborg University through a series of research-and-development activities in collaboration with educational institutions and private...... you can use in your work with the Creative Platform. This book is intended as an introduction on how to use the Creative Platform....

  17. Omnidirectional holonomic platforms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pin, F.G.; Killough, S.M.

    1994-06-01

    This paper presents the concepts for a new family of wheeled platforms which feature full omnidirectionality with simultaneous and independently controlled rotational and translational motion capabilities. The authors first present the orthogonal-wheels concept and the two major wheel assemblies on which these platforms are based. They then describe how a combination of these assemblies with appropriate control can be used to generate an omnidirectional capability for mobile robot platforms. The design and control of two prototype platforms are then presented and their respective characteristics with respect to rotational and translational motion control are discussed.

  18. Advanced offshore oil platforms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellers, F.S.

    1982-04-01

    Four innovative offshore platforms that are designed to withstand 100-foot waves in waters 600-feet deep are described. These platforms are: (1) Stratfjord B Concrete Gravity-Base Platform; (2) Magnus Steel-Template-Jacket Platform; (3) Hutton Tension-Leg Platform; and (4) Block 280 Guyed Tower. The Statfjord B platform, designed in Norway, rests on four massive concrete columns with storage tanks at the base. It depends solely on its own mass for stability. The Magnus platform, designed by the British, is the heaviest offshore platform yet fabricated, weighing 41,000 tons. Two of the platform's four legs will incorporate flotation chambers so that the structure can be floated to its site in the North Sea. The Hutton structure, also designed in England, will consist of a buoyant hull tethered to the sea floor by slender steel tubes at its four corners. The first platform of its type, the Hutton structure is also destined for the North Sea. The US designed Block 280 guyed tower is designed for service in the Gulf of Mexico in water 1000 feet deep. It will be pinned to the sea floor by a spokelike array of 20 steel cables, each one more than 3000 feet long. The tower and its guys will weigh 43,000 tons, slightly more than the Magnus steel-template jacket and more than four time as much as the Eiffel Tower. At a cost of approximately $2.6 billion, the Magnus is the most expensive offshore platform to date. The Statfjord B was put into production in 1982. The Magnus is scheduled for oil production in 1983. The Hutton and the Block 280 will both be producing in 1984. (JMT)

  19. Radar-observed diurnal cycle and propagation of convection over the Pearl River Delta during Mei-Yu season

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xingchao; Zhao, Kun; Xue, Ming; Zhou, Bowen; Huang, Xuanxuan; Xu, Weixin

    2015-12-01

    Using operational Doppler radar and regional reanalysis data from 2007-2009, the climatology and physical mechanisms of the diurnal cycle and propagation of convection over the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region of China during the Mei-Yu seasons are investigated. Analyses reveal two hot spots for convection: one along the south coastline of PRD and the other on the windward slope of mountains in the northeastern part of PRD. Overall, convection occurs most frequently during the afternoon over PRD due to solar heating. On the windward slope of the mountains, convection occurrence frequency exhibits two daily peaks, with the primary peak in the afternoon and the secondary peak from midnight to early morning. The nighttime peak is shown to be closely related to the nocturnal acceleration and enhanced lifting on the windward slope of southwesterly boundary layer flow, in the form of boundary layer low-level jet. Along the coastline, nighttime convection is induced by the convergence between the prevailing onshore wind and the thermally induced land breeze in the early morning. Convection on the windward slope of the mountainous area is more or less stationary. Convection initiated near the coastline along the land breeze front tends to propagate inland from early morning to early afternoon when land breeze cedes to sea breeze and the prevailing onshore flow.

  20. 试析李渔的烹饪选料观%On Li Yu's View on Choice of Cooking Meteriais

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董道顺

    2012-01-01

    李渔作为清初著名文学家、戏曲家,著有《闲情偶寄》一书,其中《饮馔部》对饮食之道提出了自己独到的见解,比较全面地反映了作者的饮食观。在烹饪原料的选择方面,作者形成了崇尚自然、重蔬轻肉;推崇节俭、反对奢靡;注重产地、讲究品质;谨慎杀生、人文关怀的烹饪选料观。分析其观点,对促进人们了解烹饪原料特点,科学选择原料并优化工艺具有一定的参考价值。%Li Yu, a renowned writer and dramatist in early Qing dynasty, author of Pleasant Diversions, put forward his unique understanding and overall view of diet in chapter Diet. In regard to the choice of raw mate- rials, Li prefers vegetables to meat, advocates thrift rather than extravagancy, emphasizes quality and places of growth. He proposes less killing and more humanity. His view is of some value as to our understanding of and scientifically choosing from those cooking materials and optimizing cooking process.

  1. Spin-polarized currents and noise in normal-metal/superconductor junctions with Yu-Shiba-Rusinov impurities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persson, Daniel; Shevtsov, Oleksii; Löfwander, Tomas; Fogelström, Mikael

    2016-10-01

    Conventional superconductors disordered by magnetic impurities demonstrate physical properties that are drastically different from their pristine counterparts. In our previous work [D. Persson et al., Phys. Rev. B 92, 245430 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.245430], we explored the spectral and thermodynamic properties of such systems for two extreme cases: completely random and ferromagnetically aligned impurity magnetic moments. Here we consider the transport properties of these systems and show that they have a potential to be used in superconducting spintronic devices. Each magnetic impurity contributes a Yu-Shiba-Rusinov (YSR) bound state to the spectrum, residing at subgap energies. Provided the YSR states form metallic bands, we demonstrate that the tunneling current carried by these states can be highly spin polarized when the impurities are ferromagnetically ordered. The spin polarization can be switched by tuning the bias voltage. Moreover, even when the impurity spins are completely uncorrelated, one can still achieve almost 100 % spin polarization of the current, if the tunnel interface is spin active. We compute electric current and noise, varying parameters of the interface between tunneling and fully transparent regimes, and analyze the relative role of single-particle and Andreev reflection processes.

  2. [A brief textual research on circulated versions of Dan tai yu an (Jade Case Records of Red Stage].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Gao; Zhu, Jianping

    2014-03-01

    Dan tai yu an (Jade Case Records of Red Stage) was compiled by a doctor of the Ming Dynasty Sun Wenyin, including 6 volumes. This book involves Chinese internal medicine, paediatrics, gynaecology, external medicine, and Department of the sense organs (ENT) classified into 73 categories, each of which contains 80 kinds of disease. The total number of disease was 157. Each kind of disease is discussed under the order of etiology, syndrome, pulse condition and treatment. The range of traditional Chinese prescriptions in this book is rather extensive with its indications, administrations and modification of main prescriptions given concretely. Both internal and external treatment are included, and the individual drug and proved recipe are practical and effective, which is a significant reference to clinical practice. There are many versions of this book extant. According to our investigation and research, we replenished some information to the"General Catalogue of TCM Ancient Books", and at the same time, correct some mistakes, providing the basis for further collation and publishing.

  3. BOOKPLATES, OWNERS’ RECORDINGS AND DEDICATORY INSCRIPTIONS ON THE BOOKS FROM THE BOOK COLLECTION OF THE MATHEMATICIAN I. YU. TIMTCHENKO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    О. В. Полевщикова

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The professor of Novorossiysky (Odessa University I. Yu. Timchenko (1863-1939 managed to collect a remarkable library on the history of Mathematics which contained primarily antiquarian books including incunabula and 16th century editions. Various aspects of this valuabe book collection have been studied lately. Books from this dispersed collection have been revealed and examined de visu. Their cataloguing incudes the description of individual book copies in view of their provenance. The purpose of the article is to provide the information on a complex of owners’ recordings and dedicatory inscriptions as well as bookplates left on the books making an attempt to trace the fate of the copies incorporated in the library of the Odessa mathematician. The information collected is considered in the context of the history of Mathematics. Many may characterise both direct and indirect expressions of the readers’ interests in books and reading. The study of provenance records demonstrate that the copies acquired by professor Timchenko used to be in the libraries of a number of men of science – mathematicians, physicists, philologists, etc. The findings of this article enable to enlarge the database of provenance making the practical value and results of the research.

  4. Analysis of a Group of Weak Small-Scale Vortexes in the Planetary Boundary Layer in the Mei-yu Front

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAI Guoqing; ZHOU Lingli; WANG Zhi

    2007-01-01

    A mei-yu front process in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River on 23 June 1999 was simulated by using the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University-NCAR (PSU/NCAR) Mesoscale Model (MM5) with FDDA (Four Dimension Data Assimilation). The analysis shows that seven weak small mesoscale vortexes of tens of kilometers, correspondent to surface low trough or mesoscale centers, in the planetary boundary layer (PBL) in the mei-yu front were heavily responsible for the heavy rainfall. Sometimes, several weak smallscale vortexes in the PBL could form a vortex group, some of which would weaken locally, and some would develop to be a meso-α-scale low vortex through combination. The initial dynamical triggering mechanism was related to two strong currents: one was the northeast flow in the PBL at the rear of the mei-yu front, the vortexes occurred exactly at the side of the northeast flow; and the other was the strong southwest low-level jet (LLJ) in front of the Mei-yu front, which moved to the upper of the vortexes. Consequently, there were notable horizontal and vertical wind shears to form positive vorticity in the center of the southwest LLJ.The development of mesoscale convergence in the PBL and divergence above, as well as the vertical positive vorticity column, were related to the small wind column above the nose-shaped velocity contours of the northeast flow embedding southwestward in the PBL, which intensified the horizontal wind shear and the positive vorticity column above the vortexes, baroclinicity and instability.

  5. Interdecadal Modulation of the Influence of La Ni(n)a Events on Mei-yu Rainfall over the Yangtze River Valley

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xin; WANG Dongxiao; ZHOU Wen; LI Chongyin

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate changes in the relationship between mei-yu rainfall over East China and La Ni(n)a events in the late 1970s,a period concurrent with the Pacific climate shift,using meiyu rainfall data and the National Centers for Environmental Prediction/National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP/NCAR) reanalysis.This relationship was modulated by the climate shift:Before the 1977/1978 climate shift and after the 1992/1993 climate shift,mei-yu rainfall levels were above normal in most La Ni(n)a years,whereas during the period 1979-1991,mei-yu rainfall was usually below normal levels in La Ni(n)a years.Both composite analyses and results from an atmospheric general circulation model show remarkable detail in terms of La Ni(n)a's impacts on mei-yu rainfall in the late 1970s due to the change in the mean climatic state over the tropical Pacific.After the late 1970s.the tropical Pacific SSTs were warmer,and the mean state of low-level anticyclone circulation over the western North Pacific (WNP) weakened.Superimposed on La Ni(n)a related cyclonic anomaly over the WNP.anticyclonic circulation weakened.Prior to the late 1970s,the mean state of low-level anticyclone circulation over the WNP was stronger and was less affected by La Ni(n)a-related anomalous cyclones.Anticyclone circulation may have brought moisture to the Yangtze River valley,leading to above-normal rainfall.

  6. Immunomodulatory Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine Formula Sheng-Fei-Yu-Chuan-Tang in Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Lung Injury Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Chia-Hung Lin; Ching-Hua Yeh; Li-Jen Lin; Shulhn-Der Wang; Jen-Shu Wang; Shung-Te Kao

    2013-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine formula Sheng-Fei-Yu-Chuan-Tang (SFYCT), consisting of 13 medicinal plants, was used to treat patients with lung diseases. This study investigated the immunoregulatory effect of SFYCT on intratracheal lipopolysaccharides- (LPS-) challenged acute lung injury (ALI) mice. SFYCT attenuated pulmonary edema, macrophages, and neutrophils infiltration in the airways. SFYCT decreased inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF α ), interleukin-1 β , and...

  7. Impact of 4DVAR Assimilation of Rainfall Data on the Simulation of Mesoscale Precipitation Systems in a Mei-yu Heavy Rainfall Event

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The multi-scale weather systems associated with a mei-yu front and the corresponding heavy precipitation during a particular heavy rainfall event that occurred on 4-5 July 2003 in east China were successfully simulated through rainfall assimilation using the PSU/NCAR non-hydrostatic, mesoscale, numerical model (MM5) and its four-dimensional, variational, data assimilation (4DVAR) system. For this case, the improvement of the process via the 4DVAR rainfall assimilation into the simulation of mesoscale precipitation systems is investigated. With the rainfall assimilation, the convection is triggered at the right location and time, and the evolution and spatial distribution of the mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) are also more correctly simulated. Through the interactions between MCSs and the weather systems at different scales,including the low-level jet and mei-yu front, the simulation of the entire mei-yu weather system is significantly improved, both during the data assimilation window and the subsequent 12-h period. The results suggest that the rainfall assimilation first provides positive impact at the convective scale and the influences are then propagated upscale to the meso- and sub-synoptic scales.Through a set of sensitive experiments designed to evaluate the impact of different initial variables on the simulation of mei-yu heavy rainfall, it was found that the moisture field and meridional wind had the strongest effect during the convection initialization stage, however, after the convection was fully triggered,all of the variables at the initial condition seemed to have comparable importance.

  8. [The different functions of glnB and glnZ from Azospirillum brasilense YU62 in the control of nitrogen fixation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, S; Guan, Y; Ying, J; Li, Z; Wang, J; Li, J

    2001-10-01

    The glnB and glnZ genes of A. brasilense have 70% homology at nucleotide sequence. glnB is located in a 3.7 kb Eco RI+ PstI fragment and glnZ is located in a 3.7 kb SalI fragment. Both glnB and glnZ genes were mutagenized by Kmr cassette insertions and glnB- and glnZ- mutants were obtained. glnB- mutant did not have any nitrogenase activity, while glnZ- mutant still has nitrogenase activity. The coding regions of glnB and glnZ were cloned into pVK100 vectors and recombinant plasmids pVK-II and pVK-Z were obtained, respectively. The recombinant plasmids pVK-II and pVK-Z were introduced into glnB- and glnZ- to produce C-glnB and C-glnZ, respectively. C-glnB can restore nitrogenase activity and C-glnZ does not have effect on nitrogenase activity. When pVK-II and pVK-Z were introduced into A. brasilense Yu62 and draT-, respectively, the Yu62-II (containing pVK-II) and draT-II (containing pVK-II) have higher nitrogenase activity than that of wild type Yu62. In contrast, Yu62-Z (containing pVK-Z) and draT-Z (containing pVK-Z) has no effect on nitrogenase activity. The nifA(-)-II (containg pVK-II) and nifA(-)-Z (containing pVK-Z) still have no nitrogenase activity.

  9. EURESCOM Services Platform

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nieuwenhuis, Lambertus Johannes Maria; van Halteren, Aart

    1999-01-01

    This paper presents the results of the EURESCOM Project 715. In February 1999, a large team of researchers from six European public network operators completed a two year period of cooperative experiments on a TINA-based environment, called the EURESCOM Services Platform (ESP). This platform

  10. Physical Properties of Asteroid (308635) 2005 YU55 derived from multi-instrument infrared observations during a very close Earth-Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Mueller, T G; Kiss, C; Gurwell, M A; Hasegawa, S; Vilenius, E; Sako, S; Kamizuka, T; Nakamura, T; Asano, K; Uchiyama, M; Konishi, M; Yoneda, M; Ootsubo, T; Usui, F; Yoshii, Y; Kidger, M; Altieri, B; Lorente, R; Pal, A; O'Rourke, L; Metcalfe, L

    2013-01-01

    The near-Earth asteroid (308635) 2005 YU55 is a potentially hazardous asteroid which was discovered in 2005 and passed Earth on November 8th 2011 at 0.85 lunar distances. This was the closest known approach by an asteroid of several hundred metre diameter since 1976 when a similar size object passed at 0.5 lunar distances. We observed 2005 YU55 from ground with a recently developed mid-IR camera (miniTAO/MAX38) in N- and Q-band and with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) at 1.3 mm. In addition, we obtained space observations with Herschel/PACS at 70, 100, and 160 micron. Our thermal measurements cover a wide range of wavelengths from 8.9 micron to 1.3 mm and were taken after opposition at phase angles between -97 deg and -18 deg. We performed a radiometric analysis via a thermophysical model and combined our derived properties with results from radar, adaptive optics, lightcurve observations, speckle and auxiliary thermal data. We find that (308635) 2005 YU55 has an almost spherical shape with an effective diamete...

  11. 文学四要素视阈下的余华创作转型%Yu Hua's Novels Transformation in the Perspective of Four Elements of Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯超

    2014-01-01

    As the representative writer of the vanguard fiction,Yu Hua has gone through two transformations,after Long Travel at the Age of Eighteen since 1987. For Yu Hua's two transformations,the critics always express different opinions. With the help of the theory of literary activities elements raised by Meyer Howard Abrams,we prepare to analyze this phenomenon from four perspectives ---the world,writers,works,readers,trying to make a comprehensive and objective evaluation for Yu Hua's vanguard creation.%!押余华作为先锋小说的代表作家,自1987年的《十八岁出门远行》以来,历经了两次转型。余华的这两次转型,评论界历来莫衷一是,褒贬不一。借助艾布拉姆斯有关文学活动要素的理论,从“世界、作家、作品、读者”等四个角度对这一现象进行剖析,试图对以余华为代表的先锋创作转型作出全面而客观的评价。

  12. 贾雨村讹夺石扇案辨正%Explore the Truth of JIA Yu-cun Grabbing SHI Dai-zi's Fans by Blackmail

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房义斌

    2011-01-01

    学界历来认为讹夺石扇为贾雨村欺压良善的铁证,不假辨别地信以为真,对其人品大加挞伐,实属误会。讹夺石扇是平儿、贾琏合谋的谎言,是对纳妾鸳鸯事件的影射,并非贾琏挨打的真相。贾琏挨打的导火索是鸳鸯事件;远因是大不孝——无子。%Academia has regarded the case of JIA Yu-cun grabbing SHI Dai-zi's fans by blackmail as an indisputable fact of his bully oppression of good people without identification. Then lots of critics of JIA Yu-cun's moral character leaded to injustice, which is a misunderstanding. The truth of JIA Yu-cun grabbing SHI Dai-zi's fans by blackmail was a mendacity collaborated by Ping Er and JIA Lian, wich was a shadow Of Yuan Yang event actually, not the truth of JLA Lian beaten. The fuse of JIA Lian beaten was Yuan Yang event, and the underlying cause was that JIA Lian had no son.

  13. The Song“Anger”Song into a Swan Song---“Sima Qian to Write‘Historical Records’”Second class Teaching Design%一曲“愤”歌成绝唱--《司马迁发愤写〈史记〉》第二课时教学设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林静

    2014-01-01

    以愤为主线,通过读课文,感受司马迁①忍辱负重、发愤著书的精神,引导学生思考生命的意义。%The main line to anger,by reading the text,feeling Sima Qian swallow humiliation and bear a heavy load,writing spirit,guide the students to think about life.

  14. Dongchang Qian Family and Spectrum Continued Practice During the Historical Period:On the Value of Historical Materials of Genealogy%历史时期东昌钱族与谱续实践--兼谈族谱之史料研究价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周嘉

    2016-01-01

    The Dongchang Qian clan was the descendant of Qianliu who was the king of the Wu and Yue country during the Five Dynasties.Ancestor began to settle down Dongchang in the early Ming Dynasty, rooted in western Shandong Province to thrive,and by clan self-construction,therefore abandoned after a giant clan.The newly founded Qian genealogy which being compiled during Qianlong period recorded the surname reproduction,family lineage,population changes,residence migration,marital status,and the status,role and achievements of the family members who had obtained from the political,economic and cultural life.It reflects directly the Dongchang Qian family archives during the historical period.So it is of great significance.Firstly,the article elaborates the history of Dongchang Qian family,and then focus on the analysis of its own building family genealogy compilation practices,and finally explore the historical value of the spectrum.%东昌钱族为五代时期吴越国王钱镠后裔,始迁祖自明初随军北征落籍此地繁衍生息。乾隆年间所修族谱《钱氏世传宗谱》,记述东昌钱族源流、世代繁衍、人口变动、婚姻网络与科举仕宦等情况,成为反映历史时期钱族在东昌发展脉络的家族档案资料。该谱具有重要的研究意义,既能弥补文献记载之不足,又能为区域社会文化研究提供“文本”史料。

  15. The Study of Qian Ji-bo’ s Martyred Feelings in China’ s Resistance against Japan%论抗战时期钱基博的殉国情怀

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘大胜

    2016-01-01

    The China’ s Resistance against Japan is behavior of justice against Japanese imperialist aggression. All classes are involved and the scholar is no exception. Qian Ji-bo as important modern Chinese literature and history,devoted to resist foreign aggression of The Times with a pen as a weapon. In late War,the Japanese soldiers reaches contribution to the normal university of nation,teachers and students retreat. Qian Ji-bo want to test for what they have learned in my life,arouse peo-ple’ s Anti-Japanese War enthusiasm,and dedication to hold and martyred. Under the condition that the harm is less than the body,it is rare to have this outrageous. On the one hand is due to the outrage of wind and style of study,and on the one hand is based on rational judgments. Qian Ji-bo perusal of the Confucian classics,and have been practicing the morality of Confu-cian culture. It is based on this,so he want to prepare for the national spilled blood will only along the steps of the predeces-sors. Although he survived because of the change of The Times to save,but the stirring deeds of heroism have filled painters. To excavate detail of the historical facts and make a ideological depth analysis,it is to helpful to understand the parties at the time of determined choice and dig out the unique value of Confucian culture.%抗日战争是中国人民反抗日本帝国主义侵略的正义战争,各个阶层都参与其中,读书人也不例外。钱基博作为中国近现代重要的文史大家,以笔做武器,积极投身到抵抗外侮的时代洪流之中。抗战后期,日军兵锋直抵位于湖南蓝田的国立师范学院,师生纷纷后撤。钱基博为了检验平生所学,进而唤起国人的抗战热情,执着地坚守岗位,欲殉国明志。在害不及身的情况下,钱基博有此惊人之举,一方面是源于对士风与学风的义愤,一方面也是基于理智的判断。钱基博熟读儒家经典,一直践行着儒家文化

  16. Professor Yu Jingmao's Experience in Coordinating and Treating Pediatric Disease with Herbal Pas te%俞景茂膏方调治小儿疾病经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任昱

    2014-01-01

    [目的]探讨俞景茂教授运用膏方调治小儿疾病的临证经验。[方法]通过跟师临诊,总结俞师运用膏方治疗小儿顽疾的学术经验,并附验案举隅。[结果]俞师认为,膏方剂型适合小儿服用,强调膏方治疗小儿疾病须辨病、辨证结合,因时、因人制宜。临证时注重调补固本,以平为贵;补中寓攻,以和为要;顾护脾胃,以喜为补。所附小儿哮喘医案1则,俞景茂教授巧用膏方调治2月,哮喘发作次数减少,发作时症状减轻。[结论]俞景茂教授根据小儿生理病理特点,运用膏方个体化辨治小儿诸疾,扶正祛邪,调和阴阳,经验丰赡,值得推广应用。%Objective] To explore professor Yu Jingmao's clinical experience in coordinating and treating pediatric disease with herbal paste. [Method] By fol owing the teacher clinic, the author summarizes professor Yu Jingmao's academic experience of treatment of children with chronic il ness with herbal paste, and for proven cases. [Result] Professor Yu Jingmao uses herbal paste for modulating pediatric intractable disease with curative effect. In his opinion, herbal paste treatment of pediatric diseases must be combined with disease and syndrome differentiation, and considered in accordance with seasonal conditions and the patient's individuality. Professor Yu considers that herbal paste formulations are suitable for children, and pays attention to regulating and nourishing to strengthen the body focused on harmony, reinforcing with elimination based on balance, protecting and tonifying the spleen and stomach based on enjoying oral application. [Conclusion] According to children's physiological and pathological characteristics, professor Yu Jingmao has rich experiences in using herbal paste for personalized syndrome differentiation treatment of pediatric diseases to strengthen body resistance and eliminate evil, regulate Yin and Yang, which is worth generalizing and

  17. The Common HOL Platform

    OpenAIRE

    Adams, Mark

    2015-01-01

    The Common HOL project aims to facilitate porting source code and proofs between members of the HOL family of theorem provers. At the heart of the project is the Common HOL Platform, which defines a standard HOL theory and API that aims to be compatible with all HOL systems. So far, HOL Light and hol90 have been adapted for conformance, and HOL Zero was originally developed to conform. In this paper we provide motivation for a platform, give an overview of the Common HOL Platform's theory and...

  18. Ladder attachment platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swygert,; Richard, W [Springfield, SC

    2012-08-28

    A ladder attachment platform is provided that includes a base for attachment to a ladder that has first and second side rails and a plurality of rungs that extend between in a lateral direction. Also included is a user platform for having a user stand thereon that is carried by the base. The user platform may be positioned with respect to the ladder so that it is not located between a first plane that extends through the first side rail and is perpendicular to the lateral direction and a second plane that extends through the second side rail and is perpendicular to the lateral direction.

  19. 钱学森关于创建“科学技术是第一生产力”理论的思考%Qian Xuesen' s Thought on the Theory that Science and Technology is the Primary Productivity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄顺基

    2012-01-01

    Qian Xuesen adheres to and develops Deng Xiaoping' s idea that science and technology is the primary productivity.By summarizing the histories of science and technology and society,he creatively proposed the cognition process of modern science and technology.Though analyzing the remarkable change of the relationship between science and technology and production function in the revolutions of steam force,electrical power and information,the increasing influence of science and technology on the social and economic development is proved.Qian Xuesen thought that new science and technology is necessary to develop productivity.He suggested to establish the industry of science and technology and to build national innovation system,while he regarded the knowledge innovation project as the pillar in establishing science and technology industry.%钱学森坚持与发展邓小平关于"科学技术是第一生产力"的观点,他总结了近代以来科学技术发展史与社会发展史,创造性地提出了现代科学技术的认识过程。文章通过蒸汽力革命、电力革命及信息革命三次重大科学技术革命时期科学技术与生产函数关系的重大变化的分析,证明科学技术对经济社会发展的作用在不断加强。钱学森认为发展生产力必须大力发展新的科学技术,提出要建立"科学技术业",建设"国家创新体系",并将知识创新工程作为建设科学技术业的支柱工程。

  20. Platform-based production development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bossen, Jacob; Brunoe, Thomas Ditlev; Nielsen, Kjeld

    2015-01-01

    Platforms as a means for applying modular thinking in product development is relatively well studied, but platforms in the production system has until now not been given much attention. With the emerging concept of platform-based co-development the importance of production platforms is though...... indisputable. This paper presents state-of-the-art literature on platform research related to production platforms and investigates gaps in the literature. The paper concludes on findings by proposing future research directions....

  1. Screening active components from Yu-ping-feng-san for regulating initiative key factors in allergic sensitization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Dandan; Xie, Xuejian; Zhu, Zhijie; Yu, Xi; Liu, Hailiang; Wang, Huizhu; Fan, Hongwei; Wang, Dawei; Jiang, Guorong; Hong, Min

    2014-01-01

    Yu-ping-feng-san (YPFS) is a Chinese medical formula that is used clinically for allergic diseases and characterized by reducing allergy relapse. Our previous studies demonstrated that YPFS efficiently inhibited T helper 2 cytokines in allergic inflammation. The underlying mechanisms of action of YPFS and its effective components remain unclear. In this study, it was shown that YPFS significantly inhibited production of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), an epithelial cell-derived initiative factor in allergic inflammation, in vitro and in vivo. A method of human bronchial epithelial cell (16HBE) binding combined with HPLC-MS (named 16HBE-HPLC-MS) was established to explore potential active components of YPFS. The following five components bound to 16HBE cells: calycosin-7-glucoside, ononin, claycosin, sec-o-glucosylhamaudol and formononetin. Serum from YPFS-treated mice was analyzed and three major components were detected claycosin, formononetin and cimifugin. Among these, claycosin and formononetin were detected by 16HBE-HPLC-MS and in the serum of YPFS-treated mice. Claycosin and formononetin decreased the level of TSLP markedly at the initial stage of allergic inflammation in vivo. Nuclear factor (NF)-κB, a key transcription factor in TSLP production, was also inhibited by claycosin and formononetin, either in terms of transcriptional activation or its nuclear translocation in vitro. Allergic inflammation was reduced by claycosin and formononetin when they are administered only at the initial stage in a murine model of atopic contact dermatitis. Thus, epithelial cell binding combined with HPLC-MS is a valid method for screening active components from complex mixtures of Chinese medicine. It was demonstrated that the compounds screened from YPFS significantly attenuated allergic inflammation probably by reducing TSLP production via regulating NF-κB activation.

  2. 论林语堂的幽默文学观%On LIN Yu-tang's View of Humorous Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢昭新

    2009-01-01

    林语堂发明了"幽默"一词,建构了他的幽默文学观.在"语丝"时期,将"幽默"看成是"真实的,宽容的,同情的人生观", 此间的散文,多在"真实"、真诚上面用力,讽刺力量较强."论语"、"人间世"时期的幽默则多从个人性灵上抒写闲适的情调,其幽默观中多带个人主义色彩,是"以自我为中心,以闲适为格调" 的自由主义的人生观.他的幽默观和幽默小品创作又特别重视幽默的审美价值,创造了滑稽、机警、俏皮、讽刺的"笑"的美感情趣.%LIN Yu-tang creates a new concept of humor in order to construct his literary thoughts. During the period when he writes for a magazine called "Yusi",he considers "humor" as "a sincere, tolerant and sympathetic view of life". As a result, his prose usually has sarcastic strength rooted in the real human life and his open heart. However, during the period when he edits magazines called "Lunyu" and "Renjianshi", his prose changes to express his personal spirit with a leisurely style. At this time, his view of humor inclined to individualism and liberalism. Besides, his thinking and writings on humor paid attention to the aesthetic value of humor, which includes farcicality, wittiness, naughtiness, irony and laugh.

  3. Effect of Xiao-tan-jie-yu Prescription on sleep quality of soldiers acute exposure to high altitude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-xing YANG

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To observe the efficacy of Xiao-tan-jie-yu prescription (XTJYF on sleep quality of the soldiers who acutely exposed to western area of high altitude. Methods  In this prospective, completely randomized, parallel, placebo-controlled study, 550 soldiers acutely exposed to western area of high altitude were investigated by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI, 100 soldiers with sleep disorder were selected and divided into two groups (50 each: treatment group received TCM XTJYF therapy and control group was treated with placebo. After 2 weeks' treatment, PSQI total score and respective factor scores before and after treatment were assessed, and clinical therapeutic efficacy and adverse reactions were observed. Results  The PSQI total score and respective factor scores of these soldiers were significantly higher than those of normal adults, but significantly lower than those of insomnia patients, while their sleep disorder factor score was significantly higher compared with insomnia patients. XTJYF reduced the total score and some factor scores (subjective sleep quality, time for initiating sleep, total sleep time, and sleep efficiency for PSQI in the soldiers with sleep disorder, and the overall response rate was 91.49% which is higher than those in the placebo control group (P<0.05 or 0.01, without toxic side effects. Conclusions  The sleep quality of soldiers who acutely exposed to western area of high altitude in China is not high, and XTJYF may safely and effectively improve the sleep quality. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2016.10.15

  4. USA Hire Testing Platform

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — The USA Hire Testing Platform delivers tests used in hiring for positions in the Federal Government. To safeguard the integrity of the hiring processes and ensure...

  5. MULTIFUNCTIONAL PLATFORMS AND

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Solar service centres and multifunctional platforms are innovative concepts for providing energy services in ... same time generate income. obeng ..... communities the driving force behind the ... operator(s) had to contact repairers outside their.

  6. The Common HOL Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Adams

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The Common HOL project aims to facilitate porting source code and proofs between members of the HOL family of theorem provers. At the heart of the project is the Common HOL Platform, which defines a standard HOL theory and API that aims to be compatible with all HOL systems. So far, HOL Light and hol90 have been adapted for conformance, and HOL Zero was originally developed to conform. In this paper we provide motivation for a platform, give an overview of the Common HOL Platform's theory and API components, and show how to adapt legacy systems. We also report on the platform's successful application in the hand-translation of a few thousand lines of source code from HOL Light to HOL Zero.

  7. The Creative Platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Byrge, Christian; Hansen, Søren

    whether you consider thirdgrade teaching, human-resource development, or radical new thinking in product development in a company. The Creative Platform was developed at Aalborg University through a series of research-and-development activities in collaboration with educational institutions and private......This book is about introducing more creativity into general educational courses and cross-disciplinary activities. It is directed toward teachers at all levels in the educational system, but the Creative Platform is a general model, and thus the creative process will fundamentally be the same...... companies. It is a project in which the goal is to make a hands-on approach to a knowledge perspective on enhancing creativity. The underlying ambition of the Creative Platform is to make it easier to promote creativity. At www.uka.aau.dk/The+Creative+Platform, you can find extra materials and instructions...

  8. Breeding and Identification of Herbicide-resistant Genic Male-sterile Line Yu98-8A1 of Cotton(Gossypium hirsutum L.)%新型抗除草剂棉花不育系Yu98-8A1的培育及鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓杰; 谢德意; 赵元明; 李武; 赵付安; 段铮铮; 祝水金; 房卫平

    2013-01-01

    通过连续回交,将抗除草剂基因EPSPS-G6转育花粉败育彻底(无微量花粉,不育度达100%)的棉花单基因隐性控制的核不育系Yu98-8A,进而培育成抗除草剂核不育系Yu98-8A1.对该转育不育系花冠表型测量观察表明,与同质系正常可育株比较,不育株花冠较小,不育株子房直径略大于可育株,花柱长和花柱外露长度均明显高于同质系正常可育株,花柱头外露为其最显著的表型特征;显微观察显示,不育系Yu98-8A1小孢子败育主要是在四分体形成后的小孢子发育期.小孢子败育特征表现为花粉粒无内含物、无刺突产生,最后解体、退化.PCR分子鉴定表明,抗除草剂基因EPSPS-G6转育入Yu98-8A,除草剂抗性试验表明,该转育不育系可抗质量百分比浓度达0.3%的草甘膦.该抗除草剂核不育系的培育在棉花杂种优势利用方面有重大利用价值.%Yu98-8A1,a herbicide-resistant cotton genic male-sterile line,was developed from a genic malesterile line Yu98-8A by successive backcrossing cotton line EHC09-002 which possessed the herbicide-resistant gene EPSPS-G6.Compared with homogeneity normal fertile plants,its significant characteristics included smaller corolla,bigger Ovary diameter,style length,and exposed stigmas by corolla phenotype observation.Among theses characteristics,exposed stigmas was the most significant one.Cytological observation showed that the anther abortion of Yu98-8A1 occurred during the stage of microspore development,which displayed without inclusion in pollen grain and spinescent protuberance on the pollen wall,and the microspore appeared abnormal and break down gradually.PCR identification and glyphosate resistance test indicated that herbicide-resistant gene EPSPS-G6 had been successfully aggregated into Yu98-8A,and the anti-herbicide concentration reached up to 0.3%.The cultivation of herbicide-resistant sterile line made Yu98-8A1 have significant value in the utilization of

  9. National Community Solar Platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rupert, Bart [Clean Energy Collective, Louisville, CO (United States)

    2016-06-30

    This project was created to provide a National Community Solar Platform (NCSP) portal known as Community Solar Hub, that is available to any entity or individual who wants to develop community solar. This has been done by providing a comprehensive portal to make CEC’s solutions, and other proven community solar solutions, externally available for everyone to access – making the process easy through proven platforms to protect subscribers, developers and utilities. The successful completion of this project provides these tools via a web platform and integration APIs, a wide spectrum of community solar projects included in the platform, multiple groups of customers (utilities, EPCs, and advocates) using the platform to develop community solar, and open access to anyone interested in community solar. CEC’s Incubator project includes web-based informational resources, integrated systems for project information and billing systems, and engagement with customers and users by community solar experts. The combined effort externalizes much of Clean Energy Collective’s industry-leading expertise, allowing third parties to develop community solar without duplicating expensive start-up efforts. The availability of this platform creates community solar projects that are cheaper to build and cheaper to participate in, furthering the goals of DOE’s SunShot Initiative. Final SF 425 Final SF 428 Final DOE F 2050.11 Final Report Narrative

  10. The Platformization of the Web: Making Web Data Platform Ready

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Helmond

    2015-01-01

    In this article, I inquire into Facebook’s development as a platform by situating it within the transformation of social network sites into social media platforms. I explore this shift with a historical perspective on, what I refer to as, platformization, or the rise of the platform as the dominant

  11. On Existential Sentence and its Historical Evolution in the Qian East Dialect of Hmub Language%黔东苗语存在句及其演变动因考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐巧娟

    2016-01-01

    黔东苗语中的maix/niangb字存在句都可译成汉语中的“有”字句,二者不同的历史演变轨迹造成了句法语义上的差异:maix字存在句可广泛表达不同事物的存在,其源于领属句;而niangb字存在句强调当前存在,niangb的存在义源于身体部位动作义,经由居所义而来。%In the Qian East dialect of Hmub language,the existential sentence expressed by“maix” or“niangb”can be translated into“有”sentence in Chinese. These two kinds of existential sentence have different syntax and semantics and the difference caused by different historical evolution. The Maix existential sentence can be used to convey the presence of different things ,which originates from the possessive sentence. And the Niangb existential sentence emphasizes the present ,and its present meaning originates from the meaning of action through the meaning development of residence.

  12. Commentary on the erudict of scientific masters - mentioning from Qian Xue -Shen' s erudict%论科学大师的“博学”——从钱学森的“博学”谈起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    眭平

    2011-01-01

    凡在科学探索中取得辉煌成就的科学家,大多是知识面广泛、涉及研究范围开阔的“博学”者。这已成为科学史上一大事实。从钱学森的“博学”谈起,探讨科学大师的“博学”现象、“博学”动机,及“博学”在科学探索中的创新作用,并对“博学”问题提出几点思考。%Of all the scientists who obtained glorions achievements in science exploration, most are sophist whose aspect of knowledge, and range of research is open. And this has been a big fact in the history of science and technology. This article will mentions from Qian Xue - Shen' s erudict, discusses thoroughly the phenomenon and motive of erudict of science masters as well as the innovation ruction in scientific exploration. Furthmore, a few ponders will be put forward for the issue of "erudict".

  13. The Comparison Study Between"Fortress Besieged"By Qian Zhongshu and "the Constantly Chauffeured" By Soseki%钱钟书《围城》与夏目漱石《公子哥》①比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈安梅

    2014-01-01

    parallel study is one of the research method of comparative literature. The paper makes a comparison study between "fortress besieged" by Qian zhongshu and "the constantly chauffeured" by soseki from the aspects of the author's similar experience, the influence of the works, the worship of education and Diploma and hero ending. they change as the period of criticism master, with their original penetrating insight and sharp humor tactful words to show a vivid picture of life.%平行研究是比较文学的研究方法之一。从作者的相似经历、作品的影响力、对教育和文凭的崇拜以及主人公的结局几方面,对钱钟书的《围城》和夏目漱石的《公子哥》二者进行比较。他们作为变革时期的批判大师,以他们独到精辟的知识和犀利幽默机智的文字向世人展示了一幅生动逼真的生活画卷。

  14. The classification method of syndromes in the Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold)%《备急千金要方》病证分类方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申晓伟; 郑文杰; 马明越; 张志斌

    2014-01-01

    Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold) epitomizes the medical achievements of the Tang Dynasty with an extensive coverage.The classification method of syndromes in this book is derived from Neijing (Inner Canon),Nanjing (Classic of Questioning),Shang han za bing lun (Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases),Zhu bing yuan hou lun (General Treatise on Causes and Manifestations of All Diseases),and enlightens the later generation with many unique characteristics,reflecting the mature recognition of the diseases in the contemporary clinical medicine from one side.It is still of great significance for understanding the diseases and exploring its pathogenesis even today.%《备急千金要方》为唐代医书集大成者,内容涵盖十分广泛,其病证分类方法,上承《内经》、《难经》、《伤寒杂病论》、《诸病源候论》,下启后世诸家,有很多独创之处,从一个侧面体现出当时的临床医学对很多疾病的认识已相当成熟,直到现代,对于今人认识疾病,探讨疾病病机仍有很大的意义.

  15. A Cognitive Analysis of Emotion Metaphors in Fortress Besieged by Qian Zhongshu%钱钟书小说《围城》中情感隐喻的认知分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈渊媛

    2014-01-01

    钱钟书小说《围城》中充满描述人物情感的语言,生动地描绘了小说人物的情感世界,揭示了人物的个性和特点。这些语言表达的产生和理解以情感隐喻为基础。《围城》中的情感隐喻类型多样,与中国语言文化背景密切相关,是汉语语言者对情感认知体验的结果。%There are many expressions concerned with the characters’emotion in the novel Fortress Besieged by Qian Zhongshu. They are very vivid descriptions for the emotional worlds of the characters. The expressions have contributed a lot to the characteristics of the people in the novel. The production and understanding of these expressions are based on the emotion metaphors. In Fortress Besieged, there are many different kinds of emotion metaphors, which are deeply concerned with the back-ground of Chinese culture and the result of the Chinese speakers’cognitive embodied experiences about their emotions.

  16. 浅析朱光潜《诗论》中论诗歌音律的重要性%The importance of Zhu Guang-qian's tonality in the "poetry"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马睿婷

    2016-01-01

    朱光潜的这部《诗论》中,作者对诗的节奏、音律、韵律等因素极为重视,他将诗歌起源、诗的本质等问题用音乐性这一线索贯穿起来探讨,把音律节奏看作是组成诗歌思想情趣的天然特征且对其加以强调。本文从音律是诗歌的命脉、音律是区分诗与散文的重要标志以及音律的艺术功用这三方面简要的论述了音律节奏对于诗歌的重要性。%In Zhu Guang-qian's "poetry", the author attaches great importance to poetic rhythm, melody, he treats the rhythm of music as a natural composition of poetry ideological appeal. This paper discusses the importance of the rhythm of music from the three aspects: tonality is the lifeblood of poetry, is an important symbol to distinguish poetry and prose, artistic function of tonality.

  17. Platform Performance and Challenges - using Platforms in Lego Company

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk, Lone; Mortensen, Niels Henrik

    2009-01-01

    by the product defining users (product developers) and platform erosion. When the platforms are not used it is due to: unsuitable calculation models, lack of goals, rewards or benefits from management, unattractive tradeoffs and difficulties in understanding the platform. This indicates that platform design...... needs focus on the incentive of using the platform. This problem lacks attention in literature, as well as industry, where assessment criteria do not cover this aspect. Therefore, we recommend including user incentive in platform assessment criteria to these challenges. Concrete solution elements...... ensuring user incentive in platforms is an object for future research...

  18. Transactional Network Platform: Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katipamula, Srinivas; Lutes, Robert G.; Ngo, Hung; Underhill, Ronald M.

    2013-10-31

    In FY13, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) with funding from the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Technologies Office (BTO) designed, prototyped and tested a transactional network platform to support energy, operational and financial transactions between any networked entities (equipment, organizations, buildings, grid, etc.). Initially, in FY13, the concept demonstrated transactions between packaged rooftop air conditioners and heat pump units (RTUs) and the electric grid using applications or "agents" that reside on the platform, on the equipment, on a local building controller or in the Cloud. The transactional network project is a multi-lab effort with Oakridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) also contributing to the effort. PNNL coordinated the project and also was responsible for the development of the transactional network (TN) platform and three different applications associated with RTUs. This document describes two applications or "agents" in details, and also summarizes the platform. The TN platform details are described in another companion document.

  19. On the Reform and Contribution of Han Yu's Style of Writing%论韩愈的文体文风改革及其贡献

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘涛

    2012-01-01

    文体文风改革是韩愈倡导的古文运动的重要内容。针对六朝以来的淫侈靡丽文风,韩愈标举复古,借古文以明儒家之道,创建出一种既承载儒家之道,又采用奇句单行的体式,而且没有对偶、声律的严格限制的新体散文。这种新式散文不仅与当时流行的骈体文相敌对,而且不因袭古圣先贤之成言,而是自铸伟辞,既明道传道,又抒泄郁积于胸中的怨愤不平及遭遇不幸之情,体现出韩愈对于创造性的高度重视。%The reform to style of writing which was advocated by HanYu was an important content in movement of ancient writing. Aimming at the flowery wrinting style from six Dynasties, Han Yu raised retro viewpoint to clear ancient doctrine by way of ancient writing, to create a new prose which was not only a bearer of Confucianism but also with a single row for odd sentence, and there was no strict restrictions of duality and sound. The new prose was not only hostile to the parallel prose and not inherited into ancient sages of the words, but invented new words, both preaching confucianism, and expressing vent anger smoldering in the hearts of injustice and feelings of the less fortunate. This reflected the great importance which Hart Yu attached to the creativity.

  20. Identification of platform levels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Niels Henrik

    2005-01-01

    reduction, ability to launch a wider product portfolio without increasing resources and reduction of complexity within the whole company. To support the multiple product development process, platform based product development has in many companies such as Philips, VW, Ford etc. proven to be a very effective...... because the nature of developing platforms and applications are very different. In single product development reuse is often determined by individual designers, in multiple product development reuse is to a large degree a management issue. It is difficult for a company to switch from single to multiple...... development will be examined. Based on the identification of the above characteristics five platform levels are described. The research presented in this paper is a result of MSc, Ph.D projects at the Technical University of Denmark and consultancy projects within the organisation of Institute of Product...

  1. Universal visualization platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, Alexander G.; Li, Hongli; Yu, Min; Smrtic, Mary Beth; Cvek, Urska; Goodell, Howie; Gupta, Vivek; Lawrence, Christine; Zhou, Jainping; Chiang, Chih-Hung; Grinstein, Georges G.

    2005-03-01

    Although there are a number of visualization systems to choose from when analyzing data, only a few of these allow for the integration of other visualization and analysis techniques. There are even fewer visualization toolkits and frameworks from which one can develop ones own visualization applications. Even within the research community, scientists either use what they can from the available tools or start from scratch to define a program in which they are able to develop new or modified visualization techniques and analysis algorithms. Presented here is a new general-purpose platform for constructing numerous visualization and analysis applications. The focus of this system is the design and experimentation of new techniques, and where the sharing of and integration with other tools becomes second nature. Moreover, this platform supports multiple large data sets, and the recording and visualizing of user sessions. Here we introduce the Universal Visualization Platform (UVP) as a modern data visualization and analysis system.

  2. Geostationary multipurpose platforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekey, I.; Bowman, R. M.

    1981-01-01

    In addition to the advantages generally associated with orbital platforms, such as improved reliability, economies of scale, simple connectivity of elements, reduced tracking demands and the restraint of orbital object population growth, geostationary platforms yield: (1) continuous access by fixed ground antennas for communications services; (2) continuous monitoring of phenomena over chosen regions of the earth's surface; (3) a preferred location for many solar-terrestrial physics experiments. The geostationary platform also offers a low-risk and economical solution to the impending saturation of the orbital arc/frequency spectrum, maximizing the capacity of individual slots and increasing the utility of the entire arc. It also allows the use of many small, simple and inexpensive earth stations through complexity inversion and high power per beam. Block diagram and operational flowcharts are provided.

  3. Platforms for antibiotic discovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Kim

    2013-05-01

    The spread of resistant bacteria, leading to untreatable infections, is a major public health threat but the pace of antibiotic discovery to combat these pathogens has slowed down. Most antibiotics were originally isolated by screening soil-derived actinomycetes during the golden era of antibiotic discovery in the 1940s to 1960s. However, diminishing returns from this discovery platform led to its collapse, and efforts to create a new platform based on target-focused screening of large libraries of synthetic compounds failed, in part owing to the lack of penetration of such compounds through the bacterial envelope. This article considers strategies to re-establish viable platforms for antibiotic discovery. These include investigating untapped natural product sources such as uncultured bacteria, establishing rules of compound penetration to enable the development of synthetic antibiotics, developing species-specific antibiotics and identifying prodrugs that have the potential to eradicate dormant persisters, which are often responsible for hard-to-treat infections.

  4. Analysis on the Yu'ebao Phenomenon Based on SWOT Model%基于SWOT模型对余额宝现象的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴兼弟

    2015-01-01

    Through SWOT analysis method, this paper analyzes the internal advantages and disadvantages, external opportunities and threats of Yu'ebao in the background of information globalization and puts forward the related policy suggestions.%本文运用SWOT态势分析法,对余额宝在当前信息全球化的大背景下的内部优势与劣势、外部机会和威胁进行了研究分析,并提出了相关政策建议。

  5. Introduction to ba-yu culture in the animation creation practice--Taking animation“the white tiger legend”as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弟龙

    2014-01-01

    Cultural Creative Industries Cultural and Creative Industries, is a kind of economic globalization under the background of the creativity as the core of the emerging Industries, emphasis on a subject or Cultural factors depend on personal (team) through the industrialization of technology, Creative, and ways of industry development, marketing, intellectual property rights. With the high-speed development of creative cultural industry. As a cultural creative industry in the animation industries, it begins to rise rapidly across the country. Based on the creation of the animation white tiger legend as an example, analyzes how the ba-yu culture influences in the animation creation practice. Hope to be able to achieve this effect.

  6. 20世纪中国文学中的鲧禹原型阐释%20th Century Chinese Literature Gun Yu Archetypical

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙胜杰

    2014-01-01

    Gun Yu myth as a prototype in the literature as a hero mythology, it is perhaps the epitome of human to the hero worship, accumulate at the bottom of the pioneers of the original consciousness. In 20th century Chinese literature Gun Yu prototype is not simply repeat the Gun Yu myth, not just confined to a single, forever hero model, but with the development of history and the cultural background of the different age is rich, the constantly changing, constantly displacement deformation, from hero to ordinary mortals. In 20th century Chinese literature Gun Yu prototype become forces so as to express its own cultural codes, not only reflects the profound connotation of culture and history of the works, but also let us in the same original thinking mode of the experience of different cultures, and more direct, more profound understanding prototype this is both abstract and concrete, is both varied and genetic stability of human culture and literature.%鲧禹神话作为原型在文学中被塑造成英雄神话,它凝结了人类对英雄的崇拜,积淀在原始先民的意识底层。20世纪中国文学中的鲧禹原型并不是对鲧禹神话的简单重复,也不仅局限在单一的、永远不变的英雄模式,而是随着历史发展和不同时代文化背景被不断丰富、变化,不断置换变形,从英雄走向普通凡人。20世纪中国文学中的鲧禹原型成为各种力量借以表达自身的文化符码,既体现出了作品的深厚的文化底蕴和历史内涵,又能让我们在相同的原始思维的模式下体验不同的文化,也能更直接、更深刻地认识原型这一既抽象又具体,既多变又稳定的人类文化与文学基因。

  7. On the Relationship between Translation and Creation-Take Yu Guangzhong's use of Run-On Line as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴彧

    2015-01-01

    The studies on relation between translation and creation mostly focus on macro-level, lacking evidence at micro-level.This thesis deals with the influence of translation upon creation at a micro-level, and studies one sample literary person, famous andprolific poet writer and translator Yu Guangzhong's use of run-on line in love poems. This thesis finds that Yu's translation hadan influence on his creation, and this influence increased with time. To make clear the subtle differences in the changes of creationby translation, SPSS software is applied as a quantitative tool.

  8. 明月一樽酒,清风一卷诗--余珍诗歌简论%Drinking in a Moonlight, Improvising an Extempore Verse in a Breeze--Brief Comments on Yu Zhen's Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许沙

    2014-01-01

    YU Zen is one of the Datun chieftains of Bijie in Guizhou. He is well-versed in both polite and martial arts,he is also good at poems. He has high aspirations to join the army and organizes to encircle and an-nihilate the anti Qing forces. His painting and calligraphy level are second to none in Yu's family. His Si Yus’ poems are leisurely and comfortable, some are abandoned themselves to nature, some are composed on history. YU Zhen is influenced by YU Jia-ju and he carries on YU Jia-ju’ s style of Leisure, tone and artless, soft firmness, and blending the poet’s unique aesthetic experience with his really sincere emotion, YU Zhen’s poem is a little inferior to those of YU Jia-ju, Yu Zhao and YU Da-fu. Poetry, but he still has a proper place in Chinese outstanding family of minority literature.%余珍是贵州毕节大屯土司之一,文武兼备,诗艺兼擅。他曾壮志凌云,投笔从戎,以都司身份组织围剿反清势力;他的书法、绘画水平在余氏家族中首屈一指,所著《四余诗草》清朗疏淡、闲适宁静,或寄情山水,或咏史怀古,充分体现了其“四余”之意。余珍深受余家驹影响,更多地继承了余家驹诗歌的闲适疏淡风格,色调烂漫,柔中见刚,情景交融,意境创造独具特色。余珍诗歌创作成就稍逊于余家驹、余昭和余达父,但在全国少数民族汉语古诗创作中仍占有一席地位。

  9. Windows Azure Platform

    CERN Document Server

    Redkar, Tejaswi

    2011-01-01

    The Windows Azure Platform has rapidly established itself as one of the most sophisticated cloud computing platforms available. With Microsoft working to continually update their product and keep it at the cutting edge, the future looks bright - if you have the skills to harness it. In particular, new features such as remote desktop access, dynamic content caching and secure content delivery using SSL make the latest version of Azure a more powerful solution than ever before. It's widely agreed that cloud computing has produced a paradigm shift in traditional architectural concepts by providin

  10. Windows Azure Platform

    CERN Document Server

    Redkar, Tejaswi

    2010-01-01

    The Azure Services Platform is a brand-new cloud-computing technology from Microsoft. It is composed of four core components-Windows Azure, .NET Services, SQL Services, and Live Services-each with a unique role in the functioning of your cloud service. It is the goal of this book to show you how to use these components, both separately and together, to build flawless cloud services. At its heart Windows Azure Platform is a down-to-earth, code-centric book. This book aims to show you precisely how the components are employed and to demonstrate the techniques and best practices you need to know

  11. Wireless sensor platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joshi, Pooran C.; Killough, Stephen M.; Kuruganti, Phani Teja

    2017-08-08

    A wireless sensor platform and methods of manufacture are provided. The platform involves providing a plurality of wireless sensors, where each of the sensors is fabricated on flexible substrates using printing techniques and low temperature curing. Each of the sensors can include planar sensor elements and planar antennas defined using the printing and curing. Further, each of the sensors can include a communications system configured to encode the data from the sensors into a spread spectrum code sequence that is transmitted to a central computer(s) for use in monitoring an area associated with the sensors.

  12. Mobile4D platform

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Botha, Adèle

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available . It is a communication platform that has architecture for creating, deploying and managing services and applications by integrating voice, video and data across a range of IP and telecom communication networks. In 2007, Red Hat made a firm commitment... based on the Mobicents muni ations Platform brand. 2.1.5  Telco specific User‐Generated Services   A variety of communication network operators have started initiatives to address User- Generated Services for the Telecom domain. Some...

  13. 巴西固氮螺菌Yu62nifA基因克隆、测序及功能分析%CLONING SEQUENCING AND EXPRESSION PATTERN,FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF nifA GENE IN AZOSPIRILLUM BRASILENSE Yu62

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娟; 陈三凤; 马旅雁; 李季伦

    2001-01-01

    用TD-PCR法克隆了巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillun brasilense)Yu62的nifA基因.序列分析表明它与巴西固氮螺菌Sp7的nifA序列高度同源(96.5%),其编码的产物NifA蛋白与Sp7菌株NifA的氨基酸序列同源性为97.6%.该基因可以完全互补巴西固氮螺菌Sp7 nifA-突变株的Nif-表型.研究了NH4+和O2对Yu62 nifA基因的表达及NifA活性的影响.结果表明:mfA基因在Yu62菌株中是部分组成型表达的,氨和氧不能完全阻遏其表达,在5mmol/LNH4Cl与微氧(0.5%O2)条件下表达最高;NifA蛋白在0.4%~0.5%O2时活性最高,氧分压降低和提高都使NifA活性下降,1mmol/L NH4Cl足以抑制NifA的活性.

  14. Games and Platform Decisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård; Mikkola, Juliana Hsuan

    2007-01-01

    is the application of on-line games in order to provide training for decision makers and in order to generate overview over the implications of platform decisions. However, games have to be placed in a context with other methods and we argue that a mixture of games, workshops, and simulations can provide improved...

  15. Creative Platform Learning (CPL)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jonna Langeland; Hansen, Søren

    Creative Platform Learning (CPL) er en pædagogisk metode, der skaber foretagsomme og innovative elever, der kan anvende deres kreativitet til at lære nyt. Ifølge den nye skolereform skal Innovation og entreprenørskab tydeliggøres i alle fag. I CPL er det en integreret del af undervisningen...

  16. Games and Platform Decisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård; Mikkola, Juliana Hsuan

    2007-01-01

    is the application of on-line games in order to provide training for decision makers and in order to generate overview over the implications of platform decisions. However, games have to be placed in a context with other methods and we argue that a mixture of games, workshops, and simulations can provide improved...

  17. FURTHER STUDY ON DEVONIAN RUGOSE CORAL HETEROPHAULACTIS YU, 1974 FROM LOWER EMSIAN YUJIANG FORMATION IN GUANGXI, CHINA%广西泥盆纪早埃姆斯期郁江组Heterophaulactis Yu,1974的再研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞昌民

    2010-01-01

    Heterophaulactis Yu是作者建立并发表于1974年的一四射珊瑚属,产自广西郁江沿岸、南宁至六景一带的泥盆纪郁江组.其时代属早埃姆斯期牙形刺kitabacus带(前dehiscens带).对此珊瑚属再行研究,是出于:1)发表在"中国南方泥盆系的新进展"一文,是与其它门类化石共同作为划分和对比地层的化石依据,只限于中文简短描述,对化石图影的展示也有严格的数量限制.尽管此属己被收录在Hill(1981)主编的古生物专论的珊瑚分册中,也只是简短的英文描述和有限的图影,未能充分展示其骨骼演变特征;2)此属的分类位置、科的归属及与相关属的属征比较与讨论,当初均未交待,应予阐明;3)Heterophaulactis属的地理分布广,遍及滇桂两省,通过再研究,其产地已扩展至中国西北地区;其地层分布又有一定的时限性,在广西仅限于郁江组下部的石州段,时代为kitaba-cus带,其它地区也仅见于下泥盆统.文中对Heterophaulactis属的模式种,Heterophaulactis semicrassa的骨骼特征及个体发育过程中的演变均作详细的英文描述和图影展示;与相关属比较之后,认为与本属关系最为密切的是产于西秦岭山区下泥盆统、发表在西北区化石图册上的有些属种,其中的有些属种可以归于本属.文中还记述一新建种Heterophaulactis yujiangense sp.nov..文章对Heterophaulactis的分类位置和科的归属也有详细比较讨论,认为它是源出自志留纪Pycnactis--Phaulactis的演化序列,应归属于Lykophyllidae Wedekind,1927科.对Miroelasmatinae Cao,1983亚科的原始定义作全面修订后.把它归为Lykophyllidae Wedekind,1927科下的一个亚科;在对化石图册及相关文献上记述的产自西秦岭区下泥盆统四射珊瑚属种的全面修订之前,暂把以下各属置于此亚科:Heterophaulactls Yu,Miroelasma Cao,Qinlingophyllum Cao,Wenxianophyllum Cao,Protaulacophy-llum Cao,Bethanphyllum sensu Cao

  18. Analysis of the Royalism in Song Yu's Jiu Bian%析宋玉《九辩》的忠君思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳

    2016-01-01

    《九辩》是宋玉骚体赋的代表,是其身世遭遇的自述。全诗围绕“贫士失职而志不平”展开,将忠君思想融入个人理想,抒发了忠于君而君不知的孤独、苦闷情绪。忠君思想贯穿全诗,是理解诗人情感表达的关键所在。忠君思想的表达与《九辩》自称词的使用特点是一致的,忠君思想是联系人生之秋与社会之秋的心理基础,是宋玉思想矛盾的根源。%Jiu Bian is Song Yu's representative Fu of Sao style, and his self-statement. The whole poem centers on his losing office but losing no heart, integrates the royalism into his own ambition, conveys his lonely and depressed emotion of unappreciated loyalty. The royalism serves as a leitmotif of the poem and the key to understanding the poet's emotional expressions. It is consistent with the usage of self-addressing words, the mental foundation between the autumn in life and society, and the origin of Song Yu's mental conflicts.

  19. 李渔《闲情偶寄》饮食观略论%A Brief Discussion of Li Yu's Catering Concept in His Occasional Leisurely Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁源昌

    2014-01-01

    李渔《闲情偶寄》之“饮馔部”,真实地展现了李渔独到的饮食文化观,也可称作清代难得的饮食理论与实践之作。从李渔的饮食文化观、饮食哲学观以及海鲜饮食观等方面看出,李渔的饮食之道,是基于他所崇尚的“自然、本色、天成”之思想。%In the catering section of Occasional Leisurely Life, Li Yu realistically demonstrated his unique cater-ing culture concept, which makes it known as an uncommonly great works on catering theory and practice during the Qing dynasty. Li Yu's catering recipe emerging out of his catering culture concept, catering philosophy and seafood concept is based on his thought of advocating nature and inherent qualities.

  20. “韩欧”文价值认识比较论%Comparative Study on the Prose Value of Han Yu and Ouyang Xiu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘美玉

    2013-01-01

    唐代韩愈、宋代欧阳修是中国古代散文代表唐宋八大家中的领袖人物,“韩欧”是唐宋散文、正统散文、文以明道、古代成熟散文的标志。历史上对“韩欧”文价值的比较认识存在差异,有韩高欧低、欧高韩低、“韩欧”各具特色、“韩欧”否定论等各类看法,本文就此进行归纳探讨。%Han Yu in the Tang dynasty and Ouyang Xiu in the Song dynasty are the representatives of Chinese ancient prose leader of Eight Giants of Tang and Song prose ."Han Yu and Ouyang Xiu"is a sign of prose in Tang and Song dynasty ,the classical prose ,the article to carry doctrine ,the mature ancient prose .In history ,there are different understanding of their prose value ,each having its ow n characteristics .This article gives its summary and discussion .

  1. On Prospects of Society in Yu Hua’ s Friends%余华《朋友》里的社会图景

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱美煊

    2015-01-01

    余华的《朋友》发表多年一直不被评论界注意,在余华作品中极为例外。而这一看似对“血腥暴力”缺乏渲染的作品,实际上在人类社会对暴力、权力的态度,以及群体与个人之间的微妙关系等方面都有深刻的批判,并最终完成了对暴力和权力的解构。%Yu Hua's Friends published many years ago and yet remains unnoticed by the critics, which of Yu Hua's works is exceptional. But this works, seemingly lack of rendering the"violence", had a critical attitude towards the violence and power in the Chinese society, delicate relationship between groups and individuals, and eventually completed the deconstruction of violence and power.

  2. Mobile Platforms and Development Environments

    CERN Document Server

    Helal, Sumi; Li, Wengdong

    2012-01-01

    Mobile platform development has lately become a technological war zone with extremely dynamic and fluid movement, especially in the smart phone and tablet market space. This Synthesis lecture is a guide to the latest developments of the key mobile platforms that are shaping the mobile platform industry. The book covers the three currently dominant native platforms -- iOS, Android and Windows Phone -- along with the device-agnostic HTML5 mobile web platform. The lecture also covers location-based services (LBS) which can be considered as a platform in its own right. The lecture utilizes a sampl

  3. 玉红膏治疗手部皲裂性湿疹疗效观察%Clinical Effects of YuHongGao in Treating Hand Eczema Fissum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    呼荟茹; 贾育蓉; 贾育新

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察玉红膏治疗手部皲裂性湿疹的临床疗效.方法:玉红膏外用治疗手部皲裂性湿疹56例,观察症状及体征改善情况.结果:治愈率42.0%,总有效率100%.结论:玉红膏外用治疗手部皲裂性湿疹疗效确切.%Objective: To observe clinical effects of YuHongGao in treating hand eczema fissum. Method: 56 cases of hand eczema fissum were given by YuHongGao. The improvements of symptom and sign were explored. Result: The cure rate was 42.0%, total effective rate was 100%. Conclusion: YuHongGao in treating hand eczema fissum can obtain definite effects.

  4. 俞景茂名老中医儿科学术经验述要%Professor Jingmao Yu's Clinical Experience in Pediatrics of TCM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈华; 李岚; 邬思远; 董逸翔

    2015-01-01

    [目的]总结全国第四批名老中医药专家学术继承工作指导老师俞景茂教授的儿科学术思想与临证经验,以更好地传承与创新。[方法]通过对俞景茂教授著作、论文的研究,跟师学习,聆听教诲,典型医案的收集、整理,以及临证思路、辨证规律的探究,总结其学术思想与临证经验。[结果]俞景茂教授拥有7个方面的独特学术思想:重基础,致力《小儿药证直诀》研究;集百家,重视中医儿科各家学说研究;诊儿病,强调病机学说是辨证论治体系的核心;治未病,提倡先证而治是辨证论治的充实和发展;汇中西,注重取长补短推动学术发展;深研究,提出多元多靶点治疗抗小儿哮喘复发;顺时代,主张养血疏风乃治疗小儿过敏性疾病之策等。[结论]俞景茂教授在中医儿科理论研究及临床疾病诊疗中积累了丰富的经验,其学术思想与临证经验值得传承和推广。%Objective] Yu Jingmao is advisor of fourth Chinese medicine inheritance in China, and also is famous doctor of TCM in Zhejiang Province. Professor Jingmao Yu has strength of basic knowledge and rich experience. This article aims to draw Professor Jingmao Yu's academic experience and preserve his clinical technology. [Method]With teacher learning, listening teaching, the study of teacher works and papers, typical cases of collecting and sorting, and clinical thinking, pattern researching, summarize his academic experience. [Result]Professor Jingmao Yu has seven unique academic ideas as follows. First, focusing on basis, and researching ancient book xiao er yao zheng zhi jue. Second, paying attention to theories of different schools. Third, emphasizing pathogenesis in pattern identification. Fourth, promoting preventive treatment of disease. Fifth, combining Chinese and western medicines. Sixth, preventing recurrence of asthma through multiple points. Seventh, treating allergic

  5. On ZHANG Da-qian and His Fame as“an Expert in Studies of SHI Tao”%论张大千与“石涛专家”之名

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丹

    2016-01-01

    In his early years,ZHANG Da-qian was famous for imitation of SHI Tao’s works.And his imitated paintings of SHI Tao’s works were quite difficult to distinguish them from the original ones.In this sense,he was famed “an expert in studies of SHI Tao.However,he suffered a lot of controversy because of such experience.Nevertheless,the patterning and modeling after the ancient style helped him sort out the Chinese history of art,and led to his great progress in painting tech-niques.And he finally was able to integrate the ancient theories or techniques into his paintings and then make some changes. This event fully shows the complex relationship between the traditional and modern Chinese paintings in the 20 th century.%张大千早年在上海以仿石涛出名,所仿石涛画作让人真假难辨,所以被誉为“石涛专家”。一方面,摹古、仿古的经历让他饱受争议;然而另一方面,摹古、仿古又让他在技法上梳理了中国绘画史,使他的绘画技艺突飞猛进,最终能够熔古而变今。这一事件充分地表现了二十世纪中国画中传统与现代之间复杂的关系。

  6. Application of the donkey-hide gelatin in gynecology diseases in the Qian Jin Fang%阿胶在《千金方》妇科疾病中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静; 王晓明; 田思胜

    2012-01-01

    Woman has the special physiological function, which determines different cure methods when they are ill. Catamenia, pregnancy, childbearing and lactation are all related with blood. The donkey-hide gelatin is regularly used in clinical practice with its function of regulating blood. It is a common gynecological herb in treatment of gynecological diseases, for the good effect of nourishing blood for moistening dryness and nourishing blood for preventing miscarriage. Because it is the sentient flesh thing, the donkey-hide gelatin can nourish Qi and blood, consolidate Chong vessel well in postpartum. This paper discusses the usage of donkey-hide gelatin in Qian Jin Fang which was written by SUN Si-miao for providing reference and inspiration in modern clinical and medical research.%妇人特殊的生理现象,决定了其治疗时立方有别.妇女经、孕、产、乳的生理活动均以血为用,而阿胶是治疗或调养时常用理血之药,同时为妇科疾病常用药,是养血润燥佳品,是养血安胎圣药,是产后调养气血,血肉有情之物,为养血固冲之上品.文章通过对阿胶在《千金方》中的运用浅析,以期阿胶在现代临床应用和医学研究中提供借鉴和启迪.

  7. Comparative research between Bai-hua Qian-hu, a Chinese traditional plant, and its active ingredient on nuclear factor-κB and tumor necrosisfactor-α in isolated ischemia-reperfusion heart of rat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王弛; 常天辉

    2004-01-01

    @@Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a complicated pathophysiological process, which is involved in calcium overload, free radical production, metabolic abnormalities, and inflammatory reaction. With the development of modern molecular biology, the expression and regulation of gene in myocardial I/R injury are focused on NF-κB.1Inflammatory reactions play an important role in I/R injury.2 TNF-α, an important inflammatory cytokine, is regulated by NF-κB and counteracts the activation of NF-κB. Sometimes, improper activation of NF-κB can induce excessive inflammatory responses and injury, so, modulation of NF-κB activation may dedicate a new target in alleviation of myocardial I/R injury.3Our previous studies have proved that Bai-hua Qian-hu (Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn, BQ), a Chinese traditional plant had cardioprotective action in I/R animals.4 Its active ingredient Pd-Ia, a Ca2+-influx blocker5 and K+-channel opener,6 had similar effects. Meanwhile, it relieved inflammatory reaction and apoptosis in I/R myocardium through inhibition of interleukin-6 and Fas, bax, bcl-2 protein expression.7 However, the effects of BQ and Pd-Ia on the activation of NF-κB and the expression of TNF-α in I/R myocardium have not been clear yet. In this study, the effects of BQ and Pd-Ia on these two factors were investigated to further ascertain the molecular protective mechanism of BQ in I/R myocardium.

  8. 钱伟长“四个拆除”教育思想的现实意义%Study on the Practical Significance of Qian Weichang "Four Demolitions" Education Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌成树

    2012-01-01

    The famous scientist, educator Qian Weichang, dedicated his life to higher education for- ward -looking reform practice and theoretical thinking. This paper extensively absorbs excellent educa- tional thought in at all times and in all countries. It puts forward removing "walls" between school and society, between subject and subject, between teaching and scientific research, between teaching and learning. The "four demolitions" education thought reveals the essential elements and the inner relation- ship in the education of innovative talents. It plays an important guiding role in the past reform and devel- opment of higher education, and in the future edueation of innovative talents.%著名科学家、教育家钱伟长,毕生致力于高等教育富有前瞻性的改革实践与理论思考,在广泛汲取古今中外优秀教育思想成果基础上,明确提出拆除学校与社会之间的“墙”、拆除学科与学科之间的“墙”、拆除教学与科研之间的“墙”、拆除教与学之间的“墙”。这“四个拆除”教育思想,科学揭示了创新人才培养所必备的基本要素及其内在联系,无论对过去高等教育改革发展还是对未来创新人才培养,都具有十分重要的指导作用。

  9. 福鼎槟榔芋主要轮作模式及其栽培技术%Main rotation models and cultivation techniques of Colocasia esculenta schott cv.fuding-yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯密清

    2012-01-01

    Rotation cropping is the most effective technique measure in keeping the yield and quality of Colocasia esculenta schott cv.fuding-yu,this paper summarized the main advantages of rotation cropping,introduced the main rotation models and key cultivation techniques of Colocasia esculenta schott cv.fuding-yu.%轮作是保持福鼎槟榔芋产量和品质的最有效技术措施,本文综述了槟榔轮作的主要优点,介绍了福鼎槟榔芋主要轮作模式以及关键栽培技术。

  10. 体育审视:身体运动与人的全面发展%Inspection of "TiYu":physical movement and all -round development of human

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋强

    2015-01-01

    当前体育理论研究工作最重要的问题是对“体育”本身进行科学认识与统一的界定,这也是当前体育学发展与改革要解决的首要问题。应用文献资料法、逻辑分析法分析我国体育研究的症结与原因,厘清“体育”同 Physical education、Sport 之间的关系,阐明了我国体育的实质。结合我国当前教材中“体育”定义过于宽泛、不严谨等问题,用逻辑学定义的方法对“体育”重新定义。指出我国“体育”是一个中国化概念,其本质是以现代运动项目为载体,以身体发展为目的促进人全面发展的身体运动。%The most important issue of "TiYu"theoretical research is to have a scientific understand-ing and united definition on "TiYu"itself,which is also the primary problem that needs to be solved for the development and reform of "TiYu".The paper analyzed the problems of "TiYu"research, clarified the distinct relations between TiYu and physical education or Sport in China with methods of literature review and logic analysis,and then illuminated the essence of "TiYu".In view of the de-ficiencies of definition in the textbooks,such as being too broad or imprecise,the author has rede-fined the concept of "TiYu"with logic means.The study indicates that "TiYu"is a Chinese -char-acterized concept,and its essence is to take modern sports as carrier to promote the all -round de-velopment of human body by physical development.

  11. On Qian Zhongshu’s Theory of Cognitive Metaphors and Its Relations with Vaihinger’s Metaphoric Thoughts%钱钟书的认知隐喻理论及其与费英格隐喻思想的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏建华

    2014-01-01

    钱钟书的隐喻理论中有不太为我们所注意的一面,他认为,隐喻具有十分重要的认知功能,人类赖以思维的范畴、概念,都建筑在隐喻之上;我们对于世界的认识,不过是一种比喻、象征的、像煞有介事的(als ob)、诗意的认识。这一认知隐喻观无疑是我国认知隐喻思想的滥觞。德国思想家费英格《虚构哲学》(Philosophie des Als Ob)中的隐喻观对钱钟书认知隐喻思想产生了直接的影响。%Some points in Qian Zhongshu’s metaphor theory have not been the central focus of study .According to Qian Zhongshu ,metaphor has very important cognitive functions ,on which man’s thinking categories and concepts are based .Our understanding of the world is actually a metaphoric ,symbolic ,Als Ob poetic cognition .The cognitive view of metaphors is the origin of Chinese cognitive metaphoric thoughts .The metaphoric view in Philosophie des Als Ob by the German thinker ,Vaihinger has a direct impact on the cognitive metaphoric thought of Qian Zhongshu .

  12. Online stock trading platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion LUNGU

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The Internet is the perfect tool that can assure the market’s transparency for any user who wants to trade on the stock market. The investor can have access to the market news, financial calendar or the press releases of the issuers. A good online trading platform also provides real-time intraday quotes, trading history and technical analysis giving the investor a clearer view of the supply and demand in the market. All this information provides the investor a good image of the market and encourages him to trade. This paper wishes to draft the pieces of an online trading platform and to analyze the impact of developing and implementing one in a brokerage firm.

  13. Available: motorised platform

    CERN Document Server

    The COMPASS collaboration

    2014-01-01

    The COMPASS collaboration would like to offer to a new owner the following useful and fully operational piece of equipment, which is due to be replaced with better adapted equipment.   Please contact Erwin Bielert (erwin.bielert@cern.ch or 160539) for further information.  Motorized platform (FOR FREE):   Fabricated by ACL (Alfredo Cardoso & Cia Ltd) in Portugal. The model number is MeXs 5-­‐30.  Specifications: 5 m wide, 1 m deep, adjustable height (1.5 m if folded). Maximum working floor height: 4 m. conforms to CERN regulations, number LV158. Type LD500, capacity 500 kg and weight 2000 kg.  If no interested party is found before December 2014, the platform will be thrown away.

  14. Common tester platform concept.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hurst, Michael James

    2008-05-01

    This report summarizes the results of a case study on the doctrine of a common tester platform, a concept of a standardized platform that can be applicable across the broad spectrum of testing requirements throughout the various stages of a weapons program, as well as across the various weapons programs. The common tester concept strives to define an affordable, next-generation design that will meet testing requirements with the flexibility to grow and expand; supporting the initial development stages of a weapons program through to the final production and surveillance stages. This report discusses a concept investing key leveraging technologies and operational concepts combined with prototype tester-development experiences and practical lessons learned gleaned from past weapons programs.

  15. OGC Collaborative Platform undercover

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buehler, G.; Arctur, D. K.; Bermudez, L. E.

    2012-12-01

    The mission of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) is to serve as a global forum for the collaboration of developers and users of spatial data products and services, and to advance the development of international standards for geospatial interoperability. The OGC coordinates with over 400 institutions in the development of geospatial standards. OGC has a dedicated staff supported by a Collaborative Web Platform to enable sophisticated and successful coordination among its members. Since its origins in the early 1990s, the OGC Collaborative Web Platform has evolved organically to be the collaboration hub for standards development in the exchange of geospatial and related types of information, among a global network of thousands of technical, scientific and management professionals spanning numerous disparate application domains. This presentation describes the structure of this collaboration hub, the relationships enabled (both among and beyond OGC members), and how this network fits in a broader ecosystem of technology development and information standards organizations.

  16. Video analysis platform

    OpenAIRE

    FLORES, Pablo; Arias, Pablo; Lecumberry, Federico; Pardo, Álvaro

    2006-01-01

    In this article we present the Video Analysis Platform (VAP) which is an open source software framework for video analysis, processing and description. The main goals of VAP are: to provide a multiplatform system which allows the easy implementation of video algorithms, provide structures and algorithms for the segmentation of video data in its different levels of abstraction: shots, frames, objects, regions, etc, permit the generation and comparison of MPEG7-like descriptors, and develop tes...

  17. Cloud Robotics Platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Busra Koken

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cloud robotics is a rapidly evolving field that allows robots to offload computation-intensive and storage-intensive jobs into the cloud. Robots are limited in terms of computational capacity, memory and storage. Cloud provides unlimited computation power, memory, storage and especially collaboration opportunity. Cloud-enabled robots are divided into two categories as standalone and networked robots. This article surveys cloud robotic platforms, standalone and networked robotic works such as grasping, simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM and monitoring.

  18. HPC - Platforms Penta Chart

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trujillo, Angelina Michelle [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-10-08

    Strategy, Planning, Acquiring- very large scale computing platforms come and go and planning for immensely scalable machines often precedes actual procurement by 3 years. Procurement can be another year or more. Integration- After Acquisition, machines must be integrated into the computing environments at LANL. Connection to scalable storage via large scale storage networking, assuring correct and secure operations. Management and Utilization – Ongoing operations, maintenance, and trouble shooting of the hardware and systems software at massive scale is required.

  19. IP Rights and Technological Platforms

    OpenAIRE

    Robert P. Merges

    2008-01-01

    This paper is about intellectual property rights (IPRs) and platform technologies. After a brief introduction explaining some basics of networks, standards and platforms, I turn to three policy issues. The first is the role of IP in what might be termed platform policies, the decisions by courts and regulators concerning whether and how to promote multi-party access to important digital platforms such as media player hardware, cell phones, PCs, and the like. I argue that for the most part the...

  20. "Platform switching": Serendipity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Kalavathy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Implant dentistry is the latest developing field in terms of clinical techniques, research, material science and oral rehabilitation. Extensive work is being done to improve the designing of implants in order to achieve better esthetics and function. The main drawback with respect to implant restoration is achieving good osseointegration along with satisfactory stress distribution, which in turn will improve the prognosis of implant prosthesis by reducing the crestal bone loss. Many concepts have been developed with reference to surface coating of implants, surgical techniques for implant placement, immediate and delayed loading, platform switching concept, etc. This article has made an attempt to review the concept of platform switching was in fact revealed accidentally due to the nonavailability of the abutment appropriate to the size of the implant placed. A few aspect of platform switching, an upcoming idea to reduce crestal bone loss have been covered. The various methods used for locating and preparing the data were done through textbooks, Google search and related articles.

  1. "Platform switching": serendipity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalavathy, N; Sridevi, J; Gehlot, Roshni; Kumar, Santosh

    2014-01-01

    Implant dentistry is the latest developing field in terms of clinical techniques, research, material science and oral rehabilitation. Extensive work is being done to improve the designing of implants in order to achieve better esthetics and function. The main drawback with respect to implant restoration is achieving good osseointegration along with satisfactory stress distribution, which in turn will improve the prognosis of implant prosthesis by reducing the crestal bone loss. Many concepts have been developed with reference to surface coating of implants, surgical techniques for implant placement, immediate and delayed loading, platform switching concept, etc. This article has made an attempt to review the concept of platform switching was in fact revealed accidentally due to the nonavailability of the abutment appropriate to the size of the implant placed. A few aspect of platform switching, an upcoming idea to reduce crestal bone loss have been covered. The various methods used for locating and preparing the data were done through textbooks, Google search and related articles.

  2. The Prodiguer Messaging Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denvil, S.; Greenslade, M. A.; Carenton, N.; Levavasseur, G.; Raciazek, J.

    2015-12-01

    CONVERGENCE is a French multi-partner national project designed to gather HPC and informatics expertise to innovate in the context of running French global climate models with differing grids and at differing resolutions. Efficient and reliable execution of these models and the management and dissemination of model output are some of the complexities that CONVERGENCE aims to resolve.At any one moment in time, researchers affiliated with the Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL) climate modeling group, are running hundreds of global climate simulations. These simulations execute upon a heterogeneous set of French High Performance Computing (HPC) environments. The IPSL's simulation execution runtime libIGCM (library for IPSL Global Climate Modeling group) has recently been enhanced so as to support hitherto impossible realtime use cases such as simulation monitoring, data publication, metrics collection, simulation control, visualizations … etc. At the core of this enhancement is Prodiguer: an AMQP (Advanced Message Queue Protocol) based event driven asynchronous distributed messaging platform. libIGCM now dispatches copious amounts of information, in the form of messages, to the platform for remote processing by Prodiguer software agents at IPSL servers in Paris. Such processing takes several forms: Persisting message content to database(s); Launching rollback jobs upon simulation failure; Notifying downstream applications; Automation of visualization pipelines; We will describe and/or demonstrate the platform's: Technical implementation; Inherent ease of scalability; Inherent adaptiveness in respect to supervising simulations; Web portal receiving simulation notifications in realtime.

  3. Platform computing powers enterprise grid

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Platform Computing, today announced that the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center is using Platform LSF 5, to carry out groundbreaking research into the origins of the universe. Platform LSF 5 will deliver the mammoth computing power that SLAC's Linear Accelerator needs to process the data associated with intense high-energy physics research (1 page).

  4. 论余华小说《第七天》的艺术张力%The Artistic Tension in the Novel The Seventh Day by Yu Hua

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂璐璐

    2014-01-01

    继《兄弟》之后,沉寂七年的余华在2013年推出长篇新作《第七天》。小说一经发表,随之而来的各种评论不绝于耳,褒奖者有之,批评者更甚。余华深谙张力因素对小说的功用,在《第七天》中完美地呈现了三组显著的艺术张力:一是叙事结构上真实与虚构形成的巨大张力贯穿小说始终,推动故事的发展;二是苦难与温情的张力体现作家对底层人深沉的爱与同情;三是活着与死亡两个世界之间的张力体现作者强烈的现实主义批判精神。客观说来,《第七天》以其饱满的艺术张力,理应在余华的所有创作中占有一席之地。%After the novel Brothers,Yu Hua who has been dormant for seven years publishes a new novel The Seventh Day in 2013. All kinds of comments followed by the novel,in these comments have praise,but more criticism. Yu Hua knows tension for the role of the novel, The Seventh Day perfectly presents three groups of artistic tension: first, the huge tension formed from reality and fiction throughout the novel to promote the development of the plot;second,tension formed from suffering and warmth reflects writer's deep love and sympathy for the underlying people;thirdly,tension formed from the world of the living and death reflects the author's strong realistic critical spirit. Objectively speaking,The Seventh Day should place in Yu Hua's all creation because it's full of artistic tension.

  5. The Dilemma of Regulation against Yu-E-Bao and Its Solution%余额宝规制的困境与出路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳建勋

    2015-01-01

    余额宝的混业经营型创新金融产品特征、金融法律相对于互联网金融市场创新的滞后性等是导致余额宝规制困境——过度规制与规制缺位并存的主要原因。突破困境,要基于增利宝业务的众筹本质填补规制缺位,借鉴美国JOBS法案,将众筹纳入我国证券法的调整范围,从发行总额限制、投资者总额限制、发行人的信息披露义务及众筹经纪人与集资门户的注册要求等方面,建立和完善我国的众筹发行豁免注册制度;还要纠正与防范对余额宝的过度规制,具体路径是对余额宝规制措施进行全面的成本收益分析,最终以规制措施的总体效果作为取舍的标准。%There is a dilemma of regulation for Yu-E-Bao that is the coexistence of excessive regulation with absent regulation,most of reasons for which are Yu-E-Bao’s feature as a kind of mixed management innovation financial products,hysteresis quality of financial law relative to internet financial innovation.How to break through the dilemma? The absence of regulation should be filled on the basis of Zeng-Li-Bao’s essence of crowdfunding.In other words,crowdfunding should be adjusted by securities law in our country referred by the American JOBS Act and crowdfunding issuing exemption from registration systems should be established and improved such as issuer’s total amount limit,investor’s total amount limit,issuer’s information disclosure obligation and registration requirements for raising agent and raise portal.Secondly,excessive regulation against Yu-E-Bao should be corrected and prevented,the concrete path of which is to conduct a comprehensive cost-benefit analysis of regulation measures.At last the standard of trade-offs is the overall effect of regulation measures.

  6. Physical properties of asteroid 308635 (2005 YU55) derived from multi-instrument infrared observations during a very close Earth approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, T. G.; Miyata, T.; Kiss, C.; Gurwell, M. A.; Hasegawa, S.; Vilenius, E.; Sako, S.; Kamizuka, T.; Nakamura, T.; Asano, K.; Uchiyama, M.; Konishi, M.; Yoneda, M.; Ootsubo, T.; Usui, F.; Yoshii, Y.; Kidger, M.; Altieri, B.; Lorente, R.; Pál, A.; O'Rourke, L.; Metcalfe, L.

    2013-10-01

    The near-Earth asteroid 308635 (2005 YU55) is a potentially hazardous asteroid which was discovered in 2005 and passed Earth on Nov. 8, 2011 at 0.85 lunar distances. This was the closest known approach by an asteroid of several hundred metres in diameter since 1976 when an object of similar size passed at 0.5 lunar distances. We observed 2005 YU55 from the ground with a recently developed mid-IR camera (miniTAO/MAX38) in N and Q bands and with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) at 1.3 mm. In addition, we obtained space observations with Herschel/PACS at 70, 100, and 160 μm. Our thermal measurements cover a wide range of wavelengths from 8.9 μm to 1.3 mm and were taken after opposition at phase angles between -97° and -18°. We performed a radiometric analysis via a thermophysical model and combined our derived properties with results from radar, adaptive optics, lightcurve observations, speckle, and auxiliary thermal data. We find that 308635 (2005 YU55) has an almost spherical shape with an effective diameter of 300 to 312 m and a geometric albedo pV of 0.055 to 0.075. Its spin axis is oriented towards celestial directions (λecl, βecl) = (60° ± 30°, -60° ± 15°), which means it has a retrograde sense of rotation. The analysis of all available data combined revealed a discrepancy with the radar-derived size. Our radiometric analysis of the thermal data together with the problem to find a unique rotation period might be connected to a non-principal axis rotation. A low to intermediate level of surface roughness (rms mean slope in the range 0.1-0.3) is required to explain the available thermal measurements. We found a thermal inertia in the range 350-800 Jm-2 s-0.5 K-1, very similar to the rubble-pile asteroid 25 143 Itokawa and indicating a surface with a mixture of low conductivity fine regolith with larger rocks and boulders of high thermal inertia. Table 2 is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

  7. The Geohazards Exploitation Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laur, Henri; Casu, Francesco; Bally, Philippe; Caumont, Hervé; Pinto, Salvatore

    2016-04-01

    The Geohazards Exploitation Platform, or Geohazards TEP (GEP), is an ESA originated R&D activity of the EO ground segment to demonstrate the benefit of new technologies for large scale processing of EO data. This encompasses on-demand processing for specific user needs, systematic processing to address common information needs of the geohazards community, and integration of newly developed processors for scientists and other expert users. The platform supports the geohazards community's objectives as defined in the context of the International Forum on Satellite EO and Geohazards organised by ESA and GEO in Santorini in 2012. The GEP is a follow on to the Supersites Exploitation Platform (SSEP) an ESA initiative to support the Geohazards Supersites & Natural Laboratories initiative (GSNL). Today the GEP allows to exploit 70+ Terabyte of ERS and ENVISAT archive and the Copernicus Sentinel-1 data available on line. The platform has already engaged 22 European early adopters in a validation activity initiated in March 2015. Since September, this validation has reached 29 single user projects. Each project is concerned with either integrating an application, running on demand processing or systematically generating a product collection using an application available in the platform. The users primarily include 15 geoscience centres and universities based in Europe: British Geological Survey (UK), University of Leeds (UK), University College London (UK), ETH University of Zurich (CH), INGV (IT), CNR-IREA and CNR-IRPI (IT), University of L'Aquila (IT), NOA (GR), Univ. Blaise Pascal & CNRS (FR), Ecole Normale Supérieure (FR), ISTERRE / University of Grenoble-Alpes (FR). In addition, there are users from Africa and North America with the University of Rabat (MA) and the University of Miami (US). Furthermore two space agencies and four private companies are involved: the German Space Research Centre DLR (DE), the European Space Agency (ESA), Altamira Information (ES

  8. Identification of platform levels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Niels Henrik

    2005-01-01

    reduction, ability to launch a wider product portfolio without increasing resources and reduction of complexity within the whole company. To support the multiple product development process, platform based product development has in many companies such as Philips, VW, Ford etc. proven to be a very effective...... and efficient tool. Transforming product development from single to multiple product development is a significant change in product development often involving major changes of product models, procedures and organization. In the area of product models a set of new models has to be introduced, e.g. models...

  9. Errors in Han Yu Da Ci Dian:Corrections and Supplements%《汉语大词典》商补再续

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锳

    2014-01-01

    文章以“碍眼”等22个词语为例,对《汉语大词典》存在的语源失考、词条失收、义项不全、误释引例、引例滞后等失误进行了补正。%The present paper, taking 22 words, including “ai yan” (lit.:be an eyesore), as example, makes corrections of , or supplements to , the errors in the Han Yu Da Ci Dian ( A Dictionary of Chinese) re-garding etymological mistakes , ignorance of entries , incomplete word-meaning , defects in quotation explana-tions, outdated quotations , etc.

  10. Changes in composition and pore space of sand rocks in the oil water contact zone (section YU1 3-4, Klyuchevskaya area, Tomsk region)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nedolivko, N.; Perevertailo, T.; Pavlovec, T.

    2016-09-01

    The article provides an analysis of specific features in changes of rocks in the oil water contact zone. The object of study is the formation YU1 3-4 (J3o1) of Klyuchevskaya oil deposit (West Siberian oil-gas province, Tomsk region). The research data allow the authors to determine vertical zoning of the surface structure and identify the following zones: oil saturation (weak alteration), bitumen-content dissolution, non-bitumen-content dissolution, cementation, including rocks not affected by hydrocarbon deposit. The rocks under investigation are characterized by different changes in composition, pore space, as well as reservoir filtration and volumetric parameters. Detection of irregularity in distribution of void- pore space in oil-water contact zones is of great practical importance. It helps to avoid the errors in differential pressure drawdown and explain the origin of low-resistivity collectors.

  11. Professor SUN Yu-xin treats coughing from damp%孙玉信教授从湿论治咳嗽

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘博; 王鹏; 孙玉信

    2013-01-01

    Professor SUN Yu-xin considers that damp pathogen is an important factor in coughing, and divides coughing into three different types, including Fengshi coughing, Xire coughing and Hanshi coughing. In clinic, herbs of effects in invigorating the spleen, including fried Semen Raphani, raw Semen Coicis, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and Poria are added, and satisfied efficacy is achieved.%  孙玉信教授认为湿邪是咳嗽的重要病因,并将湿邪咳嗽主要分为风湿咳嗽、湿热咳嗽和寒湿咳嗽,临床治疗中多加用炒卜子、生薏苡仁、陈皮、茯苓等健脾胃的药物,取得良好的疗效。

  12. Qualitative analysis of major constituents from Xue Fu Zhu Yu Decoction using ultra high performance liquid chromatography with hybrid ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Chunyan; Xia, Zian; Liu, Yonghui; Lu, Hongmei; Zhang, Zhimin; Wang, Yang; Fan, Xiaqiong

    2016-09-01

    Xue Fu Zhu Yu Decoction, a famous formula that has been used for treating many blood stasis-caused diseases for many centuries, comprises 11 kinds of traditional Chinese medicines. A convenient, efficient, and rapid analytical method was developed to simultaneously determine the major compounds in this decoction. An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with hybrid ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry method was used to rapidly separate and detect the major constituents of the decoction. Using this technique, we identified or tentatively identified 34 compounds, including 21 flavonoids, 5 terpenoids, 3 organic acids, 2 lactones, 1 alkaloid, 1 amino acid, and 1 cyanogenic glycoside. The MS analysis of these constituents was described in detail. Findings may contribute to future metabolic and pharmacokinetic studies of this medicine.

  13. On Yu Pingbo's Artistic Personality in His New Poetry%俞平伯新诗艺术风格探微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彤

    2011-01-01

    Yu Pingbo is a famous pioneer poet on the May Fourth Movement, and he hid the foundation for the development of new poetry. The gloom conception, philosophy, and beautiful temperament are made up of its unique artistie personality.%俞平伯是“五四”以来著名的新诗人,是新诗运动的先驱和闯将。朦胧的意境、富有哲理的思想和音律美的语言,共同构成了其新诗独特的艺术风格,体现了他淳朴、恬适、自甘的文学追求。

  14. Migration of Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 from Root to Stem and Leaves Inside Rice and Tobacco Plants%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62由水稻和烟草根部向茎、叶的迁移运动

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    迟峰; 沈世华; 陈三凤; 荆玉祥

    2004-01-01

    Azospirillum brasilense Tarrand, Krieg et Dobereiner is one of the important plant growthpromotion endophytes. A. brasilense Yu62 tagged with gfp gene was inoculated into roots of rice and tobacco seedlings, which were then, cultured in gnotobiotic condition. At a certain days after inoculation the different portions of the seedling were observed under laser confocal microscope, resulting in that A.brasilense Yu62 bacteria were colonized in epidermal and cortical cells, intercellular spaces and vascular system of stem and leaf tissue interiors besides in roots. Higher populations of the bacteria isolated from roots, stems and leaves indicated that A. brasilense Yu62 bacteria could ascend themselves from roots to stems and leaves of rice and tobacco. This observation lays down the foundation for ecology and cell morphology of bacterial migration inside plants, interaction between A. brasilense Yu62 bacteria and host cells as well as the plant-growth promotion, provides scientific basis for further application, and is of importance in science and practice.%巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillrm brasilence)是重要的植物促生内生菌之一.用gfp基因标记固氮螺菌后接种无菌的水稻和烟草幼苗的根部,限制培养一定时间后,用共聚焦激光显微镜观察,结果表明:除了根部有发荧光的螺菌定殖外,螺菌还分布在茎、叶的表皮细胞,皮层细胞和维管系统组织的细胞间隙.从根、茎、叶器官分离固氮螺菌,都存在有较高的螺菌群体密度.这一结果证明螺菌在植物内存在着从根部向茎、叶顶端的迁移现象.这一发现为研究巴西固氮螺菌在窠主植物体内的迁移运动的机制、与植物细胞间的分子相互作用及其对植物的促生作用奠定了生态学和细胞形态学的基础,也为实际应用提示了进一步的科学依据,具有重要的科学和实践意义.

  15. 论于光远先生的生态经济伦理观%On Yu Guang-yuan's Ethical Thought of Eco-economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昳聪

    2014-01-01

    Yu Guang-yuan had a unique profound understanding of eco-economy.He emphasized the consistency of ecology-economy and differences of perspective;he underlined the ecological value and economic significance of ar-tificial nature .Furthermore , he emphasized the identity of ecology , economy and ethics , and adhered to practical ethics position in ecological research .These viewpoints have significant guiding function in ecology protection , eco-logical civilization construction acceleration , and industrial structure adjustment and even in circular economy de-velopment .Yu's interdisciplinary research method and the foresight prospective make our vision wider and bring us a lot of enlightenments to construct our beautiful country .%于光远先生对生态经济有非常独特的认识,强调生态与经济之对象一致性和视角的差异;强调人工自然的生态价值和经济意义。进而,于先生强调生态、经济与道德的同一性,并坚持研究生态问题的实践伦理学立场。他的这些观点对保护生态、提速生态文明建设,对经济结构、产业结构的合理调整,发展循环经济,都有重要的指导作用。于先生这种跨学科的研究方法和前瞻性思维方式在开阔我们视野的同时,也给我们“圆美丽中国梦”以深远启示。

  16. Cots Correlator Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaaf, Kjeld; Overeem, Ruud

    2004-06-01

    Moore’s law is best exploited by using consumer market hardware. In particular, the gaming industry pushes the limit of processor performance thus reducing the cost per raw flop even faster than Moore’s law predicts. Next to the cost benefits of Common-Of-The-Shelf (COTS) processing resources, there is a rapidly growing experience pool in cluster based processing. The typical Beowulf cluster of PC’s supercomputers are well known. Multiple examples exists of specialised cluster computers based on more advanced server nodes or even gaming stations. All these cluster machines build upon the same knowledge about cluster software management, scheduling, middleware libraries and mathematical libraries. In this study, we have integrated COTS processing resources and cluster nodes into a very high performance processing platform suitable for streaming data applications, in particular to implement a correlator. The required processing power for the correlator in modern radio telescopes is in the range of the larger supercomputers, which motivates the usage of supercomputer technology. Raw processing power is provided by graphical processors and is combined with an Infiniband host bus adapter with integrated data stream handling logic. With this processing platform a scalable correlator can be built with continuously growing processing power at consumer market prices.

  17. 论司马迁史传观念对汪道昆散传的影响%The Influence of Sima Qian's Concepts of Historical Biography on Wang Daokun's Biography Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨瑾

    2014-01-01

    汪道昆对司马迁《史记》的学习是多方面的,其中之一就是对其史传观念的继承和发展。这主要体现在四个方面:一、必信而传,必征而信,在散传写作中坚持考信征实的原则;二、赞扬循吏,提出养民的观点,以检讨明代吏治;三、肯定商业,提倡以儒侠之义节利;四、秉承平民史观,为平民阶层尤其是女性作传,具有补正史之阙的重要意义。此论题的研究,不仅有助于揭示汪道昆散传与《史记》的亲密关系,同时对其散传真实性、批判性、时代性等个人特点的揭示也有所裨益。%Wang Daokun learned from Sima Qian's Historical Records in many aspects, one of which is the inheritance and development of his concepts of historical biography. This is mainly reflected in four aspects: firstly, he adheres to the principle of seeking truth in his biography writing; secondly, he praises honest officials, putting forward the idea of nourishing the people to reflect upon the bureaucracy in the Ming Dynasty; thirdly, he promotes business, advocating making profits in an honest way; fourthly, he upholds the civilian historical view, writing biographies for common people especially women, which fills the gap of history books written in biographical style. Research on this topic not only helps to reveal the intimate relationship between the biography writing of Wang Daokun and Historical Records, but also explores the authenticity and the critical and contemporary spirits of his biography writing.

  18. Sima Qian Was Born in the Sixth Year of Jianyuan in Emperor Wu of Han Period --The Rethought on Lost Article in Natural History Cited by Shiji Suoyin%司马迁生于汉武帝建元六年——对《史记索隐》所引《博物志》佚文的再认识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨永康

    2012-01-01

    《史记索隐》所引张华《博物志》佚文是考证司马迁生年最重要的史料。它的可靠性已经得到了学界的肯定。有证据表明,施丁先生误读了这条史料。正确的解读应该是:"太史令茂陵显武里大夫司马【迁】,年二十八。【元封】三年六月【乙卯】除,六百石。"据此,司马迁生于汉武帝建元六年。%Shiji Suoyin which quoted Lost Article of Zhang Hua's Natural History is the most important historical materials to re- search Sima Qian's date of birth. And its reliability has been affirmed by the academic community. There is evidence which explains that Shi Ding misunderstood this historical material. The correct interpretation should be this: "Sima Qian who was 28 was nomina- ted Taishiling on June, the third year of yuanfeng. And he could earn 600 Dans in one year. " According to this, Sima Qian was born in the sixth year of Jianyuan in Emperor Wu of Han period.

  19. Communications payloads for geostationary platforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fordyce, S. W.

    1978-01-01

    Trends in communication satellites show increasing reuse of the frequency spectrum through multiple spot beams and orthogonal polarization, as well as consortia operation. Current reliance on orbital arc separation for frequency reuse may be inadequate for the projected traffic growth and the orbital slotting proposals before the ITU. This paper notes that cost advantages can accrue through common use of spacecraft subsystems and multiple users' platforms aboard a common geostationary platform. The rationale for such platforms is described and potential payloads are suggested.

  20. Utilizing platforms in industrialized construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonev, Martin; Wörösch, Michael; Hvam, Lars

    2015-01-01

    construction companies. A promising approach adapted by operations management and design theory regards individual building projects as the adjustment and recombination of components and processes from a set of predefined platforms, while configuration systems assure feasible building solutions. Design...... methods map structural platform characteristics so as to balance commonality and distinctiveness. Originality/value – This paper proposes a general theory of platform-based development and execution in the industrialised construction sector, which goes beyond concurrent approaches of standardising...

  1. Web Platform Application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paulsworth, Ashley [Sunvestment Group, Frederick, MD (United States); Kurtz, Jim [Sunvestment Group, Frederick, MD (United States); Brun de Pontet, Stephanie [Sunvestment Group, Frederick, MD (United States)

    2016-06-15

    Sunvestment Energy Group (previously called Sunvestment Group) was established to create a web application that brings together site hosts, those who will obtain the energy from the solar array, with project developers and funders, including affinity investors. Sunvestment Energy Group (SEG) uses a community-based model that engages with investors who have some affinity with the site host organization. In addition to a financial return, these investors receive non-financial value from their investments and are therefore willing to offer lower cost capital. This enables the site host to enjoy more savings from solar through these less expensive Community Power Purchase Agreements (CPPAs). The purpose of this award was to develop an online platform to bring site hosts and investors together virtually.

  2. Energy Tracking Software Platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryan Davis; Nathan Bird; Rebecca Birx; Hal Knowles

    2011-04-04

    Acceleration has created an interactive energy tracking and visualization platform that supports decreasing electric, water, and gas usage. Homeowners have access to tools that allow them to gauge their use and track progress toward a smaller energy footprint. Real estate agents have access to consumption data, allowing for sharing a comparison with potential home buyers. Home builders have the opportunity to compare their neighborhood's energy efficiency with competitors. Home energy raters have a tool for gauging the progress of their clients after efficiency changes. And, social groups are able to help encourage members to reduce their energy bills and help their environment. EnergyIT.com is the business umbrella for all energy tracking solutions and is designed to provide information about our energy tracking software and promote sales. CompareAndConserve.com (Gainesville-Green.com) helps homeowners conserve energy through education and competition. ToolsForTenants.com helps renters factor energy usage into their housing decisions.

  3. The Creative Soccer Platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johan Torp Rasmussen, Ludvig; Østergaard, Lars Domino

    2016-01-01

    Creativity is essential in soccer due to the unpredictable and complex situations occurring in the game, where stereotypical play gradually loses its efficiency. Further, creativity is an important psychological factor for the development of soccer expertise, and valuing creativity increases...... satisfaction and well-being. Although creative players are highly desired by coaches, the subject of cultivating creativity is mostly ignored and traditional training settings may even hamper the players' creativity. The purpose of this article is to introduce a novel approach for enhancing soccer players......' creativity, The Creative Soccer Platform (TCSP), and to demonstrate the implications of applying it in youth soccer practice, by means of soccer-specific creativity exercises. TCSP encompasses four theoretically based didactic principles (task focus, parallel thinking, horizontal thinking, and no experienced...

  4. Power Quality Indices Estimation Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana I. Arango-Zuluaga

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available An interactive platform for estimating the quality indices in single phase electric power systems is presented. It meets the IEEE 1459-2010 standard recommendations. The platform was developed in order to support teaching and research activities in electric power quality. The platform estimates the power quality indices from voltage and current signals using three different algorithms based on fast Fourier transform (FFT, wavelet packet transform (WPT and least squares method. The results show that the algorithms implemented are efficient for estimating the quality indices of the power and the platform can be used according to the objectives established. 

  5. Flexible experimental FPGA based platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Karsten Holm; Nymand, Morten

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an experimental flexible Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) based platform for testing and verifying digital controlled dc-dc converters. The platform supports different types of control strategies, dc-dc converter topologies and switching frequencies. The controller platform...... interface supporting configuration and reading of setup parameters, controller status and the acquisition memory in a simple way. The FPGA based platform, provides an easy way within education or research to use different digital control strategies and different converter topologies controlled by an FPGA...

  6. Product Platform Screening at LEGO

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Niels Henrik; Steen Jensen, Thomas; Nielsen, Ole Fiil

    2012-01-01

    Product platforms offer great benefits to companies developing new products in highly competitive markets. Literature describes how a single platform can be designed from a technical point of view, but rarely mentions how the process begins. How do companies identify possible platform candidates...... after a few changes had been applied to the initial process layout. This case study shows how companies must focus on a limited selection of simultaneous projects in order to keep focus. Primary stakeholders must be involved from the very beginning, and short presentations of the platform concepts...

  7. Platform evolution studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walton, Barbara A.

    1990-01-01

    The polar orbiting platform (POP), being developed by the Work Package 3 (WP3) Project at the Goddard Space Flight Center, will play a key role in the NASA Leadership Initiative, Mission to Planet Earth (MPE). It becomes, with the addition of payloads, an Earth observation satellite observatory. Mission to Planet Earth also has geostationary platforms (GEOP) as part of its global observational system. A study was begun in March 1988 to assess the applicability of the POP orbital replacement units (ORUs) for a geostationary Earth observing mission. Two test cases, representative of MPE payloads, were studied. Case A was used to emphasize the GEOP configuration and design; it used a Titan/Centaur to achieve orbit. Case B, considered to be much further in the future, included some assembly at the Space Station Freedom manned base and use of an orbital transfer vehicle to achieve orbit; requirements on the manned base to support such a mission were emphasized. The study found the POP systems more than adequate to meet GEOP requirements. Two types of changes were required for the POP ORUs: (1) modification to use only one surface for heat rejection; for the battery ORU, this meant 'opening up' the ORU to retain the radiator area with a corresponding decrease in depth; and (2) deletion of equipment not needed. The Case A configuration was shown to be within the planned capability of the Titan IV/Centaur. Assembly requirements were included for the Case B configuration, which is driven by the large microwave antennas of two of the payloads. The final review was April 19, 1989.

  8. Platform Performance and Challenges - using Platforms in Lego Company

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk, Lone; Mortensen, Niels Henrik

    2009-01-01

    This article studies the performance and challenges of using nine implemented product platforms in LEGO Company. Most of these do produce results, but do not meet their goals due to challenges in their usage in the daily product. The main challenges are that the platforms are not being used...

  9. Rapid prototyping of robotic platforms

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    De Ronde, Willis

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Building a robotic platform from raw materials can take anything from a few weeks to a few years to complete, depending on the complexity and size of the platform. This paper aims to introduce a novel approach of using abrasive waterjet machining...

  10. Preparing for a Product Platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fiil-Nielsen, Ole; Munk, Lone; Mortensen, Niels Henrik

    2005-01-01

    they lead to increased sales due to more customized product as well as decreased costs due to reuse, making a product development platform a very profitable strategy for product developing companies. A successful implementation of a product development platform is not straightforward though...

  11. 在现代与传统之间%Between Modernity and Tradition ——On the Characteristics of Yu Guang-zhong's Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄永林

    2001-01-01

    余光中的诗融会了西方现代文化的灵性和中国传统文化的神韵,在传统与现代、历史与现实之间走出了一条属于自己的现代主义诗歌的创作道路,具有鲜明特征。在内容上,表现出强烈的“中国情结”和“乡愁母题”特征,体现出强烈的中华民族意识和坦诚的人生情怀。在艺术上,将西方现代诗艺与中国传统诗歌精神相融合,一方面受西方象征主义、存在主义和超现实主义的影响,另一方面借助于中国古代诗词传统的联想、象征手法和结构的优点,在表现现代人自身的主体意识方面有很大的突破。他的诗构思巧妙、想象丰富、追求诗的整齐,讲究诗的和谐,强调诗的节奏韵律,创造了与中国语言文字特点相结合的民族化的诗歌艺术美,赋予了现代新诗活力。%Blending the charm of Chinese traditional culture and theintelligence of modern western culture in his poetry, Yu Guang-zhong has blazed his own trail of peotry writing of modernism, which goes between the paths of convention and modernity as well as between the paths of history and reality. Yu Guang-zhong's poetry possessed the following distinctive characteristics: as to the content, his poetry always focuses on the theme of nostalgia cherished by overseas Chinese, which represents intense love for life. As to his means of artistic expression, being greatly influenced by the symbolism, existentialism , and super-realism in the west as well as association, symbol and structure in classic Chinese poetry, he combines the spirits of traditional Chinese poetry with techniques of modern western poetry. By this means, he has made a breakthrough in expressing the self-consciousness of modern individuals. With the ingenious plot, abundant imagination, neat structure, harmonious form and melodious rhythm and rhyme, Yu Guang-zhong's poetry exhibits the poetic beauty which is closely related to the features of

  12. 安神解郁胶囊治疗神经症50例%AnShen JieYu Capsule in Treating 50 Patients with Neurosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史建钢

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To observe therapeutic effects of AnShen JieYu capsules in the treatment for neurosis. Methods: One hundred patients were randomized into the treatment group and the control group, both groups re-ceived routine treatment of western medicine:antianxiety drug, antidepressant drug, selective serotonin reuptake in-hibitors (SSRIs) and other drugs. The treatment group took AnShen JieYu capsules, six pills each time, three times each day. Both groups were medicated for one month consecutively. The changes of symptom scales such as the mood, mind, language, behavior and sleep in both groups were explored between before and after treating. Results:Total effective rate of the treatment group was 90.0%, higher than 80.0%of the control group with significant differ-ence (P<0.05). Symptom scales of the mood, mind, language, behavior, sleep and others were decreased significant-ly after treating (P<0.05), the decrease of the observation group was more evident (P<0.05). Conclusion:AnShen JieYu capsules could relieve the syptoms of the patients obviously.%目的:观察安神解郁胶囊治疗神经症的临床疗效。方法:将100例神经症患者随机分为治疗组与对照组各50例,2组均给予抗焦虑剂、抗抑郁剂、选择性5-羟色胺再摄取抑制剂等西药常规治疗。治疗组在此基础上加服安神解郁胶囊,6粒/次,3次/d。2组均连续用药1个月。观察2组治疗前后情绪、神志、语言、行为、睡眠等症状评分的变化情况。结果:总有效率治疗组为90.0%,对照组为80.0%,2组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。情绪、神志、语言、行为、睡眠等症状评分2组治疗后均明显降低(P<0.05),观察组降低更明显(P<0.05)。结论:安神解郁胶囊可明显缓解患者症状。

  13. Product Platform Screening at LEGO

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Niels Henrik; Steen Jensen, Thomas; Nielsen, Ole Fiil

    2012-01-01

    Product platforms offer great benefits to companies developing new products in highly competitive markets. Literature describes how a single platform can be designed from a technical point of view, but rarely mentions how the process begins. How do companies identify possible platform candidates......, and how do they assess if these candidates have enough potential to be worth implementing? Danish toy manufacturer LEGO has systematically gone through this process twice. The first time the results were poor; almost all platform candidates failed. The second time, though, has been largely successful...... after a few changes had been applied to the initial process layout. This case study shows how companies must focus on a limited selection of simultaneous projects in order to keep focus. Primary stakeholders must be involved from the very beginning, and short presentations of the platform concepts...

  14. ADAPTABLE ALTERNATE REALITY GAMES PLATFORM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liviu-Adrian Cotfas

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present an alternate reality games platform that facilitates the creation of ARG projects with different themes and sizes. The platform is well integrated with the most important social media networks, thus facilitating both the involvement of the public and the creation of a more engaging interaction for the participants. A cloud-based architecture was used in order to allow the platform to easily accommodate projects of various sizes and to provide a good level of scalability. The platform is fully localizable in any language and multiple languages can be used at once to create projects that target users from different countries. An initial project that uses gamification to create an immersive learning environment has been created around the developed platform. The project combines professional and public feedback in order to provide an enhanced learning experience.

  15. Paper based electronics platform

    KAUST Repository

    Nassar, Joanna Mohammad

    2017-07-20

    A flexible and non-functionalized low cost paper-based electronic system platform fabricated from common paper, such as paper based sensors, and methods of producing paper based sensors, and methods of sensing using the paper based sensors are provided. A method of producing a paper based sensor can include the steps of: a) providing a conventional paper product to serve as a substrate for the sensor or as an active material for the sensor or both, the paper product not further treated or functionalized; and b) applying a sensing element to the paper substrate, the sensing element selected from the group consisting of a conductive material, the conductive material providing contacts and interconnects, sensitive material film that exhibits sensitivity to pH levels, a compressible and/or porous material disposed between a pair of opposed conductive elements, or a combination of two of more said sensing elements. The method of sensing can further include measuring, using the sensing element, a change in resistance, a change in voltage, a change in current, a change in capacitance, or a combination of any two or more thereof.

  16. 劳伦斯与郁达夫小说的性伦理思想%Sex Ethics Thought in the Fictions by Lawrence and Yu Dafu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋家国

    2009-01-01

    劳伦斯和郁达夫小说的性伦理思想主要体现为:反对理性、道德对人性的干预;主张回归人的自然本性;追求"灵"、"肉"相谐.他们从自己的性伦理标准出发,塑造了一系列具有或丑陋或理想的性关系的人物形象.这对于揭露批判资本主义工业文明对人性的扭曲、封建道德对生命本能的压抑,创建情欲相谐、灵肉统一的新型两性关系具有积极意义.由于劳伦斯在否定资产阶级道德的同时,也否定了任何道德的必要,因而他的性伦理是有缺陷的.郁达夫用充满人道精神的性伦理来反对传统的封建伦理,因而社会现实意义更大一些.%The major thoughts of the sex ethics embodied in Lawrence's and Yu da-fu's fiction are mainly the following points: opposition to the oppression of humanity by rationality and existing social morality, advocacy of the restoration of human nature, pursuit of the harmony between "spirit" and "flesh". They describe some character images (evil or ideal ) with sex relation according to their own sex ethics standards. It has active meaning in Lawrence's criticism of the distortion of humanity by industrialization and the opposition of life nature by feudalism morality, creation of a new sex relation in sexuality harmony and unity of "flesh"and "spirit". However, Lawrence's own sex ethics is also flawed, for he denies the necessity of any morality when he negates the bourgeois morality. While Yu da-fu oppresses traditional feudalism ethics by way of humanity spirit in his fictions, so it gets more realism.

  17. 尧、舜、禹禅让说之证伪%On the Falsification of the Account of the Abdication of Yao,Shun and Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史芳树; 方嘉珍

    2012-01-01

    When examined with reason and logic, several important links of the account of the abdication of Yao,Shun,Yu are self-contradictory. For instance, both Dan Zhu and Shang Jun lost their throne for being "unworthy", yet their unworthiness was not only inconsistent with the meaning of unworthiness but with the father-son affection. The account of Yao's marrying his two daughters to Shun and sending his nine sons to inspect him is defected in its inversion of methods and results. The two attempting to murder Shun by setting fire and live burying are in the lack of motives and the ridiculous strategies of both the murderer and the victim are ridiculous. The details of Shun's avoidance of Dan Zhu and Yu's avoidance of Shang Jun can not withstand scrutiny. The cause of Yi's loss of opportunity is contradictory with Qi's succession to the throne for being "virtuous". In a word, the accounts of the abdication of Yao,Shun and Yu must be falsified.%以情理与逻辑检验尧、舜、禹、启禅让说中的几个重要环节皆自相矛盾。诸如丹朱、商均因“不肖”而失去天子位,不符合“不肖”的词义,有违父子亲情;帝尧嫁二女为舜妻、遣九男为舜仆的说法,存在着手段与结果倒置等诸多漏洞;谋杀舜的纵火、活埋两案,既无合理的作案动机,凶手亦无作案机会,凶手与受害人在策略上同样乖谬;舜避让丹朱、禹避让商均的细节经不起推敲;益错过机会的理由与启因“贤”而继位同样自相矛盾。因此,尧、舜、禹、启禅让说是伪作。

  18. Plat_Forms -- a contest: The web development platform comparison

    CERN Document Server

    Prechelt, Lutz

    2008-01-01

    "Plat_Forms" is a competition in which top-class teams of three programmers compete to implement the same requirements for a web-based system within 30 hours, each team using a different technology platform (Java EE, .NET, PHP, Perl, Python, or Ruby on Rails). The results will provide new insights into the real (rather than purported) pros, cons, and emergent properties of each platform. The evaluation will analyze many aspects of each solution, both external (usability, functionality, reliability, performance, etc.) and internal (structure, understandability, flexibility, etc.).

  19. Resistance to Qian soup ZhuSheKa interface sp6 joint foot acupoint treatment of chronic urticaria nucleic acid bacteria polysaccharide 30 cases curative effects%抗荨湯联合足三里穴位注射卡介菌多糖核酸治疗慢性荨麻疹30例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡建农

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To observe Qian soup (bachelor since resistance points to ZhuSheKa sp6 joint foot fungus polysaccharide nucleic acid injection interface. Brand name: ji Sue, zhejiang million horses pharmaceutcal Co. Production. The curative effect of treating chronic urticaria. Methods Selected 60 cases were randomly divided into two groups: treatment group of 30 cases Qian soup to fight ZhuSheKa interface sp6 joint foot fungus polysaccharide acupuncture treatment of nucleic acid injection, four weeks. 30 cases in oral chlorobenzene that sensitivity to 4mg, three times/d, cimetidine 0. 2 g, 2 times a/d; Two groups of course are for 1 month, 2 months after the completion of course judge curative effect, and were followed up for half a year. Results The treatment group and control group 70% , 90% efficiency was statistically significant difference (P<0. OS ) -Conclusion Qian resistance points ZhuSheKa sp6 joint foot soup of nucleic acid injection dielectric bacteria polysaccharide treatment of chronic nettle has good curative effect, and clinical application.%目的:观察抗荨汤联合足三里穴位注射卡介菌多糖核酸注射液治疗慢性荨麻疹的疗效.方法:将入选的60例患者随机分为两组,各30例,治疗组予抗荨汤联合足三里穴位注射卡介菌多糖核酸注射液治疗,隔日1次;对照组予口服氯苯那敏4mg,3次/d,西咪替丁0.2g,2次/d;两组疗程均为1个月,疗程结束后2个月时判定疗效,并随访半年.结果:治疗组有效率90%,对照组70%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:抗荨汤联合足三里穴位注射卡介菌多糖核酸注射液治疗慢性荨麻疗效好,值得临床选用.

  20. Platform projections, compilers, interpreters and portability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergstra, J.A.; Loots, M.E.

    1999-01-01

    Platform projection semantics extends projection semantics by means of the encapsulation of a processor used for program execution. Platform projection semantics abstracts from platform specific details. For a given program its platform projection semantics may be platform-independent. Two forms

  1. Vertical Relationships within Platform Marketplaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark J. Tremblay

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In two-sided markets a platform allows consumers and sellers to interact by creating sub-markets within the platform marketplace. For example, Amazon has sub-markets for all of the different product categories available on its site, and smartphones have sub-markets for different types of applications (gaming apps, weather apps, map apps, ridesharing apps, etc.. The network benefits between consumers and sellers depend on the mode of competition within the sub-markets: more competition between sellers lowers product prices, increases the surplus consumers receive from a sub-market, and makes platform membership more desirable for consumers. However, more competition also lowers profits for a seller which makes platform membership less desirable for a seller and reduces seller entry and the number of sub-markets available on the platform marketplace. This dynamic between seller competition within a sub-market and agents’ network benefits leads to platform pricing strategies, participation decisions by consumers and sellers, and welfare results that depend on the mode of competition. Thus, the sub-market structure is important when investigating platform marketplaces.

  2. Platform decisions supported by gaming

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård; Mikkola, Juliana Hsuan

    2007-01-01

    Platform is an ambiguous multidisciplinary concept. The philosophy behind it is easy to communicate and makes intuitively sense. However, the ease in communication does overshadow the high complexity when the concept is implemented. The practical industrial platform implementation challenge can...... is the application of on-line games in order to provide training for decision makers and in order to generate overview over the implications of platform decisions. However, games have to be placed in a context with other methods and we argue that a mixture of games, workshops, and simulations can provide improved...

  3. Topical problems of the theory of Transcendental numbers: Development of approaches to their solution in the works of Yu. V. Nesterenko

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chirskii, V. G.

    2017-04-01

    The present paper is a survey of a part of the theory devoted to certain problems concerning the algebraic independence of the values of analytic functions, to quantitative results on estimates for the measure of transcendence or the measure of algebraic independence of numbers, to functional analogs of these results on the algebraic independence of solutions of algebraic differential equations, and estimates for the multiplicities of zeros for polynomials in these solutions, which play an important role in the proof of numerical results. This choice is related to the fact that, in December 2016, the head of the Department of Number Theory of Moscow State University, Corresponding Member of the RAS Yu.V. Nesterenko, who did a lot to develop these directions of the theory Transcendental numbers and whose works are marked by many awards, became seventy. He is a laureate of the Markov RAS Prize, 2006, of the Ostrovsky international prize, 1997, of the Hardy-Ramanujan Society Prize, 1997, and the Alexander von Humboldt Prize, 2003. Since the article is dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the birth of Yurii Valentinovich, we preface the scientific part with a brief biography.

  4. Identification and Functional Analysis of microRNAs Involved in the Anther Development in Cotton Genic Male Sterile Line Yu98-8A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaojie Yang

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Hybrid vigor contributes in a large way to the yield and quality of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum fiber. Although microRNAs play essential regulatory roles in flower induction and development, it is still unclear if microRNAs are involved in male sterility, as the regulatory molecular mechanisms of male sterility in cotton need to be better defined. In this study, two independent small RNA libraries were constructed and sequenced from the young buds collected from the sporogenous cell formation to the meiosis stage of the male sterile line Yu98-8A and the near-isogenic line. Sequencing revealed 1588 and 1536 known microRNAs and 347 and 351 novel miRNAs from male sterile and male fertile libraries, respectively. MicroRNA expression profiles revealed that 49 conserved and 51 novel miRNAs were differentially expressed. Bioinformatic and degradome analysis indicated the regulatory complexity of microRNAs during flower induction and development. Further RT-qPCR and physiological analysis indicated that, among the different Kyoto Encyclopedia Gene and Genomes pathways, indole-3-acetic acid and gibberellic acid signaling transduction pathways may play pivotal regulatory functions in male sterility.

  5. Detection and identification of Huo-Xue-Hua-Yu decoction (HXHYD) using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy and multivariate analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Weiwei; Lin, Jia; Chen, Rong; Feng, Shangyuan; Yu, Yun; Lin, Duo; Huang, Meizhen; Shi, Hong; Huang, Hao

    2015-04-01

    We have evaluated the capabilities of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) technology for analyzing two Huo-Xue-Hua-Yu decoctions (HXHYDs) prepared according to different prescriptions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relevance of SERS technology applied to decoction of traditional Chinese medicines (TCM). HXHYD I was prepared according to the original prescription; the same preparation method was used for the HXHYD II, except for the crudeweight ratio described in the original prescription. There was no Raman signal in conventional Raman spectra of HXHYDs. Silver nanoparticles were directly mixed with HXHYDs to enhance the Raman scattering of biochemical constituents, and high quality SERS spectra were obtained. Significant differences in SERS spectra between HXHYD I and II can be observed, which showed special changes in the percentage of biochemical constituents in different decoctions. Principal components analysis (PCA) combined with linear discriminant analysis (LDA) were employed to generate diagnostic algorithms for classification of SERS spectra of two HXHYDs, and showed that a diagnostic accuracy of 100% can be achieved. This work demonstrated that the SERS technique has potential for spectral characteristic detection for decoction of TCM with high sensitivity, and that this technique, combined with PCA-LDA, can be used for quality control of the extracted decoction of TCM and production management of Chinese herbal preparations.

  6. 租界文化影响下的曹禺及其剧作%Cao Yu and his Plays Influenced by the Culture of Leased Territory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王侠

    2015-01-01

    Living in a time of leased territory and settled in one literarily in Tianjin, playwright Cao Yu could not be free from influence of the culture of the leased territory, neither his character or his plays. Some of his best plays -The Tempest, The Sunrise, and The Beijing Natives -are set in the leased terri-tory and provide pictures of the leased territory not unintentionally.The author of this paper attempts to read his plays and the playwright himself from the perspective of the culture of leased territory.%身处租界时代又长在天津租界区的曹禺,不可能不受到租界空气的影响,从而形成他的独特个性气质及创作心理。在这一创作心理的潜性诱导下,他创作了一系列优秀的剧作,以《雷雨》、《日出》、《北京人》为代表,并在其中绘制了一幅幅鲜明的租界图景。笔者试图从租界文化的角度来解读曹禺及其剧作,以期为理解曹禺寻求另一种解读路径。

  7. 论曹禺早期剧作中的空白人物%Discussion on Blank Characters in CAO Yu's Early Drama

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李朔梅

    2012-01-01

    CAO Yu creates many vivid drama characters. They include not only visible figures with distinct personality and color- ful feature, but also blank characters that have never showed up on the stage. Though these blank characters do not appear on the stage, they closely interact with visible figures, participating in the story, deepening the figures, and demonstrating the u- niquely aesthetic implication of the writers. Starting with Thunderstorm, Sunrise, Champaign and Pekingese, the blank characters are explored.%曹禺塑造了许多栩栩如生的戏剧人物,既有个性鲜明、有声有色的有形人物,也不乏不曾现身舞台的空白人物。这些空白人物在舞台上虽然是无形的,但他们与有形人物遥相呼应,一起参与剧情,深化人物,展示着作家独特的审美意趣。从曾禺早期的几部戏剧作品《雷雨》、《日出》、《原野》和《北京人》入手分析其中的空白人物。

  8. Analysis on YU Jiayan’s Understanding of Diabetes%浅谈喻嘉言对消渴的认识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗文娟; 喻嵘; 唐元; 陈聪; 曾婧; 张翔

    2015-01-01

    Most ancient physicians believed that the pathogenesis of diabetes is Yin deficiency and dry heat,while YU Jiayan had inherited the theoretical ideas from Inner Canon of Huangdi and ZHANG Zhongjing,he thought the etiology of diabetes is originate from deficiency of Qi energy and the pathogenesis of diabetes is beginning in stomach and ends in lung and kidney ,so the treatment focus on spleen and stomach,which has provided new theoretical orientations for later physicians and clinic ideas on the diabetes treatments.%历代医家多认为消渴的病机在于阴虚燥热,然喻嘉言承袭《黄帝内经》和仲景理论提出独特的见解,认为消渴“源于气虚”,“始于胃而极于肺肾”,治疗强调注重脾胃,为后世医家治疗消渴提供了新的论治方向和临床思路。

  9. On Yu Dafu's Novel Style%“带实写风”的浪漫抒情--郁达夫小说风格∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程致中

    2016-01-01

    Yu Dafu's novels display romantic and realistic features in theme,lyrical methods,structure and pursuit of natural and emotional beauty.They are a poetic,sentimental,and unique literary landscape, which improves Chinese literary taste in novels and lyrical literature.His style is distinctive,but imperfect, providing imaginary space for aesthetic reading towards “ascending beauty”.%郁达夫小说在题材选择、抒情方式、结构形态和自然美、感伤美追求诸方面,呈现出带写实风的浪漫抒情特征。它是一道诗意盈盈,情意绵绵,风格独异的文学风景,提升了中国现代小说和抒情文学的艺术品位。郁达夫的风格奇特,但不是完美的,它给我们的审美阅读“朝着美的上升”提供了想象空间。

  10. Metabolic Flux Redirection and Transcriptomic Reprogramming in the Albino Tea Cultivar ‘Yu-Jin-Xiang’ with an Emphasis on Catechin Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guo-Feng; Han, Zhuo-Xiao; Feng, Lin; Gao, Li-Ping; Gao, Ming-Jun; Gruber, Margaret Y.; Zhang, Zhao-Liang; Xia, Tao; Wan, Xiao-Chun; Wei, Shu

    2017-01-01

    In this study, shade-induced conversion from a young pale/yellow leaf phenotype to a green leaf phenotype was studied using metabolic and transcriptomic profiling and the albino cultivar ‘Yu-Jin-Xiang’ (‘YJX’) of Camellia sinensis for a better understanding of mechanisms underlying the phenotype shift and the altered catechin and theanine production. Shaded leaf greening resulted from an increase in leaf chlorophyll and carotenoid abundance and chloroplast development. A total of 1,196 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between the ‘YJX’ pale and shaded green leaves, and these DEGs affected ‘chloroplast organization’ and ‘response to high light’ besides many other biological processes and pathways. Metabolic flux redirection and transcriptomic reprogramming were found in flavonoid and carotenoid pathways of the ‘YJX’ pale leaves and shaded green leaves to different extents compared to the green cultivar ‘Shu-Cha-Zao’. Enhanced production of the antioxidant quercetin rather than catechin biosynthesis was correlated positively with the enhanced transcription of FLAVONOL SYNTHASE and FLAVANONE/FLAVONOL HYDROXYLASES leading to quercetin accumulation and negatively correlated to suppressed LEUCOANTHOCYANIDIN REDUCTASE, ANTHOCYANIDIN REDUCTASE and SYNTHASE leading to catechin biosynthesis. The altered levels of quercetin and catechins in ‘YJX’ will impact on its tea flavor and health benefits. PMID:28332598

  11. Metabolic Flux Redirection and Transcriptomic Reprogramming in the Albino Tea Cultivar 'Yu-Jin-Xiang' with an Emphasis on Catechin Production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guo-Feng; Han, Zhuo-Xiao; Feng, Lin; Gao, Li-Ping; Gao, Ming-Jun; Gruber, Margaret Y; Zhang, Zhao-Liang; Xia, Tao; Wan, Xiao-Chun; Wei, Shu

    2017-03-23

    In this study, shade-induced conversion from a young pale/yellow leaf phenotype to a green leaf phenotype was studied using metabolic and transcriptomic profiling and the albino cultivar 'Yu-Jin-Xiang' ('YJX') of Camellia sinensis for a better understanding of mechanisms underlying the phenotype shift and the altered catechin and theanine production. Shaded leaf greening resulted from an increase in leaf chlorophyll and carotenoid abundance and chloroplast development. A total of 1,196 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between the 'YJX' pale and shaded green leaves, and these DEGs affected 'chloroplast organization' and 'response to high light' besides many other biological processes and pathways. Metabolic flux redirection and transcriptomic reprogramming were found in flavonoid and carotenoid pathways of the 'YJX' pale leaves and shaded green leaves to different extents compared to the green cultivar 'Shu-Cha-Zao'. Enhanced production of the antioxidant quercetin rather than catechin biosynthesis was correlated positively with the enhanced transcription of FLAVONOL SYNTHASE and FLAVANONE/FLAVONOL HYDROXYLASES leading to quercetin accumulation and negatively correlated to suppressed LEUCOANTHOCYANIDIN REDUCTASE, ANTHOCYANIDIN REDUCTASE and SYNTHASE leading to catechin biosynthesis. The altered levels of quercetin and catechins in 'YJX' will impact on its tea flavor and health benefits.

  12. A Deep Exploration Into the "word of God" Reputation About LiYu in the Realm of Literature%千古词帝钩沉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张辟辟

    2014-01-01

    李煜之所以能在文学史上享有“词帝”的美誉,是与他所生长的环境培养出深厚的文学功底、独特的生活经历和率真的性情息息相关的。就词学审美来说,主要是因为他善于调动各种表现手法来抒发内心的真情实感。可以说率真的性情和高超的艺术表现手法是成就李煜千古词帝的最根本原因。%Li Yu can enjoy the "word of God" reputation in the history of literature,with his growth environment cultivating profound literary background,the unique life experience and openness of temperament,mainly because he is good at mobilizing various ways to express the his inner real feelings as the aesthetic of Ci poetry. It can be said sincere temperament and superb artistic expression that is the most fundamental reason for enjoying the "word of God" reputation .

  13. Tn5-mutagenesis and identification of atr operon and trpE gene responsible for indole-3-acetic acid synthesis in Azospirillum brasilense Yu62

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    To bring more information about synthesis of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) from Azospirillum brasilense, a Tn5-insertion library of A. brasilense Yu62 was constructed and subjected to screening for IAA producing mutants. Two mutants with decreased IAA levels, named as A3 and A24, were isolated. The sequence analysis of loci tagged showed that the Tn5-1063a was located in the atrA gene encoding GntR family transcriptional regulator and trpE gene encoding component I of anthranilate synthase respectively. At the same time, atrB encoding phosphotransferase and atrC encoding aminotransferase were cloned downstream the atrA gene and atrA,atrB and atrC were clustered in an operon. Mutagenesis and complementation studies showed that atrA and atrC were involved in IAA synthesis. IAA levels of trpE mutant and wild-type strain could be improved by adding anthranilate into the medium.

  14. Application of Traditional Pattern of Ba and Yu to Tourist Souvenirs%巴渝传统图案在旅游纪念品中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨玲

    2014-01-01

    This paper expounds that the tourist souvenirs in the tourism industry have an important position and play a un-neglec-ted role, objectively analyzes the problems existed in the tourism souvenir markets and the souvenirs themselves, and based on this, proposes how to combine “traditional pattern”, one of representatives of local culture, with the design and development of tourist souvenirs from the angle of product design in order to design and make the tourist souvenirs with the characteristics of Ba and Yu local culture.%本文阐述了旅游纪念品在旅游业中的不可忽视的重要地位和作用,客观分析了目前巴渝地区旅游纪念品市场、纪念品本身所存在的问题。在此基础上,本文从产品设计的角度提出了如何将地域文化的代表之一---“传统图案”与旅游纪念品设计开发相结合,设计制造出具有巴渝地区地域文化特色的旅游纪念品。

  15. Bold and Straightforward: Remark on Denouncing Buddhism Articles by Han-yu%气壮而理直:韩愈辟佛之文刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑亚芳

    2011-01-01

    中唐时期,佞佛风气盛行,全民癫狂,为挽当时之佞佛风气,树儒家之正统,韩愈作《原道》《论佛骨表》等文,文章正气凛然,有冲决一时之效。笔者试论其文气盛之表现与缘由,感受韩文“长江大河,浑浩流转”之风貌。%At the middle Tang dynasty, Buddhism-flattering prevailed that rendered the whole society mania. In order to rescue the country from this abnormality of heretical vogue whereby to set up the legitimacy of Confucianism, Han-yu wrote articles of The Original Doctrine and The Dispute of Buddhist Bone, which merited boldness, straightforward,and instantaneous effectiveness of shocking. This article analyzes his articles in terms of their grandiose spirits as well as their causes,revealing the features in his articles of the "giant river, gorgeous and surging".

  16. A Lexical Study On the Chinese Translations of Dong-Mun-Yu-Hae%《同文类解》汉译语词研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林毅

    2011-01-01

    Dong-Mun-Yu-Hae is a Chinese-Korean-Manchu trilingual classify vocabulary book edited by the Korean Translation Bureau Sayogwon.Compared with the Korean and Manchu translations,we find that many of the Chinese words in this book reflected the features of the Spoken Han'er Language in Qianlong period in Qing Dynasty.Some of the words even present the unique characteristics of Northeast Dialect.And few words are not the standard expressions which were affected by the mother tongue of Korean editors.%《同文类解》是朝鲜王朝司译院编辑的一部汉—韩—满三语对译分类词汇书。通过对照该书的韩国语、满语对译来考释该书的汉译语词,发现该书大量汉译语词较好地反映清代乾隆年间"汉儿言语"的口语特点,部分语词还呈现出东北方言独有的特质。少量语词是受编著者母语韩国语影响的不规范表达方式。

  17. The summer snow cover anomaly over the Tibetan Plateau and its association with simultaneous precipitation over the mei-yu-baiu region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ge; Wu, Renguang; Zhang, Yuanzhi; Nan, Sulan

    2014-07-01

    The summer snow anomalies over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) and their effects on climate variability are often overlooked, possibly due to the fact that some datasets cannot properly capture summer snow cover over high terrain. The satellite-derived Equal-Area Scalable Earth grid (EASE-grid) dataset shows that snow still exists in summer in the western part and along the southern flank of the TP. Analysis demonstrates that the summer snow cover area proportion (SCAP) over the TP has a significant positive correlation with simultaneous precipitation over the mei-yu-baiu (MB) region on the interannual time scale. The close relationship between the summer SCAP and summer precipitation over the MB region could not be simply considered as a simultaneous response to the Silk Road pattern and the SST anomalies in the tropical Indian Ocean and tropical central-eastern Pacific. The SCAP anomaly has an independent effect and may directly modulate the land surface heating and, consequently, vertical motion over the western TP, and concurrently induce anomalous vertical motion over the North Indian Ocean via a meridional vertical circulation. Through a zonal vertical circulation over the tropics and a Kelvin wave-type response, anomalous vertical motion over the North Indian Ocean may result in an anomalous high over the western North Pacific and modulate the convective activity in the western Pacific warm pool, which stimulates the East Asia-Pacific (EAP) pattern and eventually affects summer precipitation over the MB region.

  18. The Unhappy Boys--- On the Boys' Survival Situation in Yu Hua's Novels%失乐的少年--论余华小说中男孩的生存境遇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洁

    2014-01-01

    In the contemporary literature , children often appear ,many writers prefer children's perspective narrative . In Yu Hua's novels , children are everywhere . Especially on the boy image , Yu Hua's writing shows more in - depth bone marrow , and is more impressive .The boys in Yu Hua's novels are often unhappy and their growing - up is full of hardships and suffering . Doomed fate of starvation ,unable to resist physical violence and homeless souls make these teenagers caught in a dilemma of unhappiness .The three fates , taking a beating ,suffering from hunger and getting a scolding are Yu Hua's unique understanding and reflection for boys' world .%在当代文学中,儿童的出镜率很高,许多作家也都偏爱儿童视角的叙事。在余华的小说里,儿童的身影更是随处可见。特别是在男孩形象的塑造上,余华的书写更深入骨髓,也更震撼人心。余华小说中的男孩常常与快乐绝缘,他们的成长岁月充满艰辛和苦难。在劫难逃的饥饿命运,无法抵挡的肉体暴力以及灵魂无家的四顾茫然让这群少年陷入一种失乐的困境。挨饿、挨打、挨弃这三种人生命运是余华对男孩世界的独特理解和反映。

  19. 《汉语大字典》“艸”部字际关系考辨%Research on Inter-Characters Relations in Han Yu Da Zi Dian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯佳利

    2013-01-01

    The paper researchs the Characters of “艸”bu in Han Yu Da Zi Dian ,and points out some mis-takes existing in dealing with the inter -Characters relations .%以第二版《汉语大字典》第六册“艸”部若干字为例,指出其在字际关系沟通上存在的问题,并对其进行考辨。

  20. Boiling desi re---Analysis Yu Dafu’s emotional life While he was studying in Japan%沸腾的欲望--谈郁达夫留日期间的情感生活

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马维; 鲁守广

    2014-01-01

    In the May Fourth generation of writers ,Yu Dafu’s works and himself have strong characteristics of the time .Yu Dafu’s experience is very legendary ,but also a very controversial one .In this article ,I think Yu Dafu is only shy and confident when he was young ,and its “humble themselves from animal husbandry ,” the temperament real life experience in Japan caused .During his stay at no capital or symbolic capital transcend racial distance to meet their instinc-tive desire ,the impact of Yu Dafu thereafter for Japan’s attitudes and political views as well as to his understanding of gender .%在“五四”一代的作家中,郁达夫的作品和人都具有浓厚的时代特征。郁达夫的经历是极具传奇性的,同时也是很有争议的一个人。郁达夫少时性格只是内向腼腆而已,是很自信的,其“卑己自牧”的性情实为日本生活经验所造成。他留日时期没有资本或者象征性的资本超越种族上的距离以满足自己的本能欲望,影响了郁达夫此后对于日本的态度和政治观点以及他对两性的认识。

  1. Experience of Professor QIAN Qiu-hai on treatment of Hashimoto's thyroiditis by Danggui Liuhuang decoction%钱秋海教授运用当归六黄汤治疗桥本氏甲状腺炎经验介绍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张传科; 钱秋海

    2014-01-01

    桥本氏甲状腺炎为自身免疫性疾病,目前尚无疗效肯定的化学药物治疗。当归六黄汤自金元时期即誉为“盗汗之圣药”,钱秋海教授运用该方治疗桥本氏甲状腺炎中辨证为气阴两虚证者,疗效肯定。%Hashimoto's thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease without certain target chemical treatment till now. Danggui Liuhuang decoction is known as Efficacious prescription for night sweats. Professor QIAN Qiu-hai treats Hashimoto's thyroiditis differentiated as deficiency of both qi and Yin Syndrome with this prescription with obvious curative effects.

  2. 成渝产业带主要城市空间关系研究%The Research of Main Cities Space Relations of Cheng-Yu Industry Belt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄炳康; 李忆春; 吴敏

    2000-01-01

    The cities space relations mean space interative relations among cities, its complicated degree is an im-portant index of regional cities assemble benefits. This article discusses main cities space relations of Cheng-Yuindustry belt. First, this article measures some indexes which mark the main cities space interactive strengths ofChen-Yu industry belt, and compares them with other main industry belts in China. Then, the article makes aconcrete analysis of main cities interaction of ChengYu industry belt. The third main part discusses the harmo-nious development thinkings of main cities space interaction of Cheng-Yu industry belt.%城市空间关系是指城市与城市空间相互作用关系,它的复杂程度是区域城市群体集聚效益的重要标志之一。通过对成渝产业带主要城市空间相互作用强度进行测算,分析了产业带内主要城市空间关系,提出了产业带内主要城市空间关系协调发展的思路。

  3. Violence and Warmth:on the Postmodern Context of Yu Hua's Avantgarde Novels%暴力与温情——试论余华的先锋小说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋蓉

    2012-01-01

    余华是先锋小说的代表作家,他在20世纪90年代创作的小说依然是读者和文学批评家所津津乐道的对象。基于后现代话语支配下余华写作思路的起承转合,从消解人物和暴力叙述两个角度回顾了他在先锋小说创作时期对文本结构和内容的突破,并从暴力与温情的张力中彰显余华小说写作的当代魅力。%Yu Hua is a representative of Chinese Avantgarde Novel writers, whose novels published in 1990s are still heatedly talked about by readers and literary critics. This paper focuses on Yu Hua's writing thoughts influenced by the discourse of postmodernism. In Yu hua's new novel-writing period, he breaks through text structure and contents from the aspects of character digestion and violent narration, and also highlights his contemporary writing charm from the tension of violence and warmth.

  4. 从《医门法律》论喻昌重规范的医德思想%Discussion on Yu Chang′s Medical Moral Thoughts Characterized by Highlighting the Criterion Based on "Medical Laws"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李占立; 赵群

    2016-01-01

    重规范是清代名医喻昌医德思想的重要特征。喻昌在继承传统医德思想的基础上在其医学著作《医门法律》中援“佛”入“医”借鉴佛教的戒律思想进一步阐述了他的“以律戒医”的医德规范。分析了喻昌在《医门法律》中提出的“慎”“精”“诚”以及“求真”等具体的医德规范或要求,并指出了喻昌医德思想的基本特征及其意义。%Yu Chang,a famous doctor in Qing dynasty,puts a high value on criterion, which is the most impor-tant characteristic in his medical moral thoughts. Based on the traditional medical moral, Yu Chang quoted Buddha into medicine and further expounded the medical moral criterion ( restrain the doctors by laws) referring to Buddhist commandment. This article analyzed the detailed medical moral criterion and requirements of "carefulness","per-fection","honesty"and "pursuing the truth"that mentioned in Medical Laws. Furthermore, it pointed out the es-sential features and significance of Yu Chang′s medical moral thoughts.

  5. NASA's geostationary communications platform program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramler, J.; Durrett, R.

    1984-01-01

    This paper reviews recent trends in communications satellites and explains NASA's current interest in geostationary communications platforms. Large communications platforms capable of supporting multiple payloads with common utilities have been examined in a number of studies since 1974 and appear to offer a number of potential advantages. In 1981, an Industry Briefing and Workshop sponsord by NASA focused on the institutional, operational and technical issues that will influence the implementation of geostationary platforms. The workshop identified numerous issues and problem areas that needed more detailed study. To address the issues/problems identified, a NASA geostationary communications platform program has been developed. This program is described, focusing on the initial studies to be performed.

  6. Platform attitude data acquisition system

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Afzulpurkar, S.

    A system for automatic acquisition of underwater platform attitude data has been designed, developed and tested in the laboratory. This is a micro controller based system interfacing dual axis inclinometer, high-resolution digital compass...

  7. Elevated Fixed Platform Test Facility

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Elevated Fixed Platform (EFP) is a helicopter recovery test facility located at Lakehurst, NJ. It consists of a 60 by 85 foot steel and concrete deck built atop...

  8. Platforms for Innovation and Internationalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Erik Stavnsager; Petersen, Nicolaj Hannesbo

    2017-01-01

    The high-tech global startup has many challenges related to both innovation and internationalization. From a Danish cluster of Welfare Tech firms, eight innovative and international firms were selected and interviewed. Such firms typically have to be agile and operate in virtual networks in almost...... all parts of their value chains. This article contributes to the understanding of how innovation and internationalization to a great extent are interlinked. The firms have developed a core product or service offering, which the firms often describe as “a platform”. Around the platform, they develop...... their products and services for new customers and users in new countries. The firms have to sustain a strong focus on the platform while at the same time developing their platform solution for new products, new customers, and new markets. This pivoting makes it possible to use the platform in a new context...

  9. From Elegance to Grandeur: Importance of Da-qian's Journey to Dunhuang in His Lotus Painting%由隽逸入磅礴——敦煌之行在“大千荷”发展过程中的重要作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段汶利

    2012-01-01

    In 1941, with yearning for Dunhuang and persistence in art, ZHANG Da-qian overcame various difficulties and carried out activities in Dunhuan, as numbering rock caves, collecting and sorting out text data, and copying fresco. While his painting skills tended to he mature and he got close knowledge of ancient Chinese culture, he made clear the line of Chinese art, which endowed the vitality to his lotus painting in both technique and spirit. From ZHANG's art experience, we can find his journey to Dunhuan for nearly three years was the main drive for his painting's change from elegance in his middle age to grandeur. And Da-qian's technique of lotus painting began to be perfect and his art style was hence promoted,%1941年,张大干怀着对敦煌的向往和对艺术的执着,克服重重困难,在敦煌进行了为石窟编号、收集整理文字资料、临摹壁画等一系列艺术活动,在画艺日趋成熟的同时较全面地了解了中国古代文化,理清了中华民族艺术的发展脉络,从技法和精神层面为“大干荷”赋予了活力与张力。纵观张大干的艺术历程,为期近三年的敦煌之行是他在中年时期画风由隽逸走向圆融磅礴的主要动因。“大千荷”的技法由此开始日臻完善,艺术风貌亦得到整体升华。

  10. 人物纪念馆陈展设计的新坐标--解析钱学森图书馆陈展设计%The New Coordinates of Figures Memorial Hall Design for Display--Analysis of design for display of the Qian Xuesen library & museum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史婧炜

    2013-01-01

    For the purpose, the Qian Xuesen Library & Museum will be built a national patriotic education base and the domestic first-class scientists’memorial hall. Display is the core of the memorial hall. In the design for display of the Qian Xuesen Library&Museum, we aim to innovation, trying to find the new design method. This method will be different from the previous figures memorial hall. We will show a display environment to meet the scientists’ identity, in distinct?themes, new and.%将钱学森图书馆打造成全国爱国主义教育基地和国内一流的科学家纪念馆是建馆的宗旨。陈列布展是纪念馆的核心。在钱馆的陈展设计中,我们以创新为主旨,努力寻找不同于以往人物纪念馆的设计手法,以主题鲜明、新颖大气的大印象主义风格,主客体时空变换的多重视角和充满诗情画意的抒情表达方式,向社会奉献了一个内容与形式高度统一、新颖而不怪异、寓时代特色、传统艺术、现代品位、精湛工艺,符合科学家身份特点的展示环境。

  11. Disentangling Competition Among Platform Driven Strategic Groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazan, Erol; Tan, Chee-Wee; Lim, Eric

    2015-01-01

    In platform-driven markets, competitive advantage is derived from superior platform design and configurations. For this reason, platform owners strive to create unique and inimitable platform configurals to maintain and extend their competitiveness within network economies. To disentangle firm...... competition within platform-driven markets, we opted for the UK mobile payment market as our empirical setting. By embracing the theoretical lens of strategic groups and digital platforms, this study supplements prior research by deriving a taxonomy of platform-driven strategic groups that is grounded...... on competitive attributes of platform- driven markets; namely interfirm modularity and strategic linkages....

  12. Disentangling Competition Among Platform Driven Strategic Groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazan, Erol; Tan, Chee-Wee; Lim, Eric

    2015-01-01

    competition within platform-driven markets, we opted for the UK mobile payment market as our empirical setting. By embracing the theoretical lens of strategic groups and digital platforms, this study supplements prior research by deriving a taxonomy of platform-driven strategic groups that is grounded......In platform-driven markets, competitive advantage is derived from superior platform design and configurations. For this reason, platform owners strive to create unique and inimitable platform configurals to maintain and extend their competitiveness within network economies. To disentangle firm...... on competitive attributes of platform- driven markets; namely interfirm modularity and strategic linkages....

  13. A Typology of Multi-sided Platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staykova, Kalina Stefanova; Damsgaard, Jan

    2015-01-01

    exemplary cases which allow us to illustrate the platform heterogeneity and to support new MSPs typology. As examples we include a physical two-sided platform (Gatwick Airport) that adds a third side, a digital one-sided platform transformed into being two-sided (Pingit) and a digital one-sided platform......In this paper we address how the composition of a platform impacts the platform’s business model. By platform’s business model we mean platform features, platform architecture and platform governance. To this end, we construct the Platform Business Model Framework. We apply the framework to three...... in several configurations. The particular platform architecture can explain the difficulties in designing a viable business models for platforms....

  14. Variational Assimilation of GPS Precipitable Water Vapor and Hourly Rainfall Observations for a Meso-β Scale Heavy Precipitation Event During the 2002 Mei-Yu Season

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Meng; NI Yunqi; ZHANG Fuqing

    2007-01-01

    Recent advances in Global Positioning System (GPS) remote sensing technology allow for a direct estimation of the precipitable water vapor (PWV) from delayed signals transmitted by GPS satellites, which can be assimilated into numerical models with four-dimensional variational (4DVAR) data assimilation. A mesoscale model and its 4DVAR system are used to access the impacts of assimilating GPS-PWV and hourly rainfall observations on the short-range prediction of a heavy rainfall event on 20 June 2002. The heavy precipitation was induced by a sequence of meso-β-scale convective systems (MCS) along the mei-yu front in China.The experiments with GPS-PWV assimilation successfully simulated the evolution of the observed MCS cluster and also eliminated the erroneous rainfall systems found in the experiment without 4DVAR assimilation. Experiments with hourly rainfall assimilation performed similarly both on the prediction of MCS initiation and the elimination of erroneous systems, however the MCS dissipated much sooner than it did in observations. It is found that the assimilation-induced moisture perturbation and mesoscale low-level jet are helpful for the MCS generation and development. It is also discovered that spurious gravity waves may post serious limitations for the current 4DVAR algorithm, which would degrade the assimilation efficiency, especially for rainfall data. Sensitivity experiments with different observations, assimilation windows and observation weightings suggest that assimilating GPS-PWV can be quite effective, even with the assimilation window as short as 1 h. On the other hand, assimilating rainfall observations requires extreme cautions on the selection of observation weightings and the control of spurious gravity waves.

  15. To Discuss Three Kinds of Witchcraft about Yu in RiShu%秦简《日书》涉禹出行巫术考论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫喜琴

    2011-01-01

    The reason that Yu's some behaviors had been used by the Pre-Qin sorcerer as witchcraft in RiShu, first, had lied in Pre-Qin sorcerer to want to obtain Yu's authority by imitating his behavior; Next, Yu had played an important role in witchcraft history;%秦简《日书》涉禹出行巫术的产生,首先是由于禹在长期的行旅生涯中,立下了赫赫的功绩,确立了崇高的威望,故而先秦巫师在作法之时,意欲通过模仿禹的行为以获得禹所拥有的无上权威;其次禹既是一个伟大的君主,也是一个在巫术发展史上曾经起到过举足轻重作用的大巫,故巫师施展法术之时,视禹之巫术为正宗并效法之;第三,相信鬼神巫术、在先秦社会影响极大的显学墨家对禹倍加推崇,所以涉禹巫术自然也就会得到他们的信奉并宣扬。总之,由于以上三种原因,使禹的一些行为遂为先秦巫师所采纳,作为其解决与出行相关的问题时的重要巫术加以利用。此后

  16. 余华小说《第七天》中的生与死%Life and Death of Yu Hua’s Novel The Seventh Day

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪

    2014-01-01

    The Seventh Day, for which Yu Hua spends seven years, is her latest novel after Brothers.The story tells a man’s experience and memories after his death and shows us a fair and harmonious world, which is different from the real one. Characters in the novel could face death rationally, without pain or fear. The meanings of life and death get reversed. The dead world gets close to the idealized real world, which attracts people to long for. Life and death are linked by love to enable people to feel the warmth. The novel is also criticized for superficiality in thought for an over-exposure of reality.%《第七天》描绘了主人公死去后所经历的事情以及勾起的回忆,为读者展现了一个不同于现实世界的平等、和谐的死亡世界。作品中的人物对死亡没有痛苦或恐惧,能够理性地看待死亡。生与死的意义被颠倒,死亡世界接近理想中的现实世界,更加吸引人们去向往。生与死由“爱”这条纽带联系起来,让人们在冰冷中感受到温情。这部小说也因为大量暴露现实而显得思想深度不足,出版后便备受争议。

  17. Life and Death of Yu Hua's Novel The Seventh Day%余华小说《第七天》中的生与死

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪

    2014-01-01

    The Seventh Day is Yu Hua's latest novel,which was spent seven years to finish after the completion of Brothers. The story told us a man's experience and memories after his death and showed us a fair and harmonious dead world. The analysis of the view in the works includes following three aspects:The characters of the story didn't have feel-ings of pain or fear and could face death rationally;The meanings of life and death were upside down and the dead world was close to the real world,which attracted people a lot;Life and death were linked by love,which made people feel warm. The novel is thought - provoking and controversial because of the overly realistically exposure.%《第七天》是余华继《兄弟》七年之后完成的最新一部长篇小说,描绘了主人公死去后所经历的事情以及勾起的回忆,为读者展现了一个平等、和谐的死亡世界。经过分析,作品中的生死问题包括三个方面:作品中的人物对死亡没有痛苦或恐惧,能够理性地看待死亡;生与死的意义被颠倒,死亡世界接近理想中的现实世界,更加引人向往;生与死由“爱”这条纽带联系起来,让人们在冰冷中感受到温情。这部小说暴露了大量的社会现实,引人深思,也备受争议。

  18. Comparison of Aesthetic Tendency Between Han Yu and Baudelaire%韩愈与波德莱尔审美趋向之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宁宁

    2015-01-01

    作为两个民族不同时代的杰出诗人,韩愈与波德莱尔相似的生活背景与经历使他们诗歌审美方面出现了不同程度的趋同。他们在文学创作上都大量运用“以丑为美”手法;都不约而同地打破散文与诗歌的界限,创作散文诗或者说是“以文为诗”。这绝非偶然,而是文学艺术创作规律作用的必然。这表明:在不同文化背景中存在某种精神层面上的共性,这种共性使不同文化之间的互相沟通有了现实可能性。%As brilliant poets of different nationalities in the different times, due to the similar living background and experience, Han Yu and Baudelaire have followed to various extents the convergence of poem aesthetics, with the writing skill of “Ugliness as Beauty”widely applied in literature creation. Both of them have broken the boundary of prose and poem, creating prose poem or “taking prose as poem”. It is the inevitable result of the role of literature and art creating rule. It shows that commonness of spirits exists in the different cultural background, which makes the mutual communication between the different cultures realistically possible.

  19. Conceptive Features of Han Yu and Meng Jiao Poetry Creation%韩孟诗派诗歌创作的构思特色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪静云

    2015-01-01

    学界对韩孟诗派诗歌创作特色的研究,都主要从诗派成员的创作心理层面探究其奇崛怪异的美学追求,对其诗歌创作的构思特色则少有专论。韩孟诗派诗歌创作以矫激的情绪对抗艰难的生存状况,诗歌构思险怪奇崛,主要表现在三个方面:其一是在立意构思上有意追求奇特超常、曲折多变,其二是在句式上有意追求构辞的散文化,其三是在用辞上有意追求造语生新、奇崛险怪的效果。%Academic studies on creative characteristics of Han Yu and Meng Jiao poetry were mostly from poets’creative psychology, exploring the pursuit of aesthetics of the peculiar and the weird, but rarely on the ideas and conceptive features of their poems. Han & Meng poetry’s creation used changing and powful stress of feeling against the tough living conditions. The odd and strange poetry style is mainly presented in the following three aspects: first, it intended to pursue in the lyrical concept of strange paranormal, meandering;Second, it intended to pursue at the sentence structure-speech prose;Third, it intended to pursue the creation of new words and the peculiar and dangerous effects on the terminology.

  20. Analgesic effect and mechanism of the three TCM-herbal drug-combination Tou Feng Yu pill on treatment of migraine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jia-chuan; Shen, Xiao-fei; Meng, Xian-li; Zhang, Yi; Lai, Xian-rong

    2011-06-15

    It is well known that pain is one of the most important characteristics of migraine. Therefore, it is important and interesting to investigate the analgesic effect and mechanism of drugs which are used to treat migraine. Tou Feng Yu pill (TFY) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, consisting of the three Chinese herbal drugs Radix Angelicae dahuricae (Baizhi), Rhizome Ligustici (Chuanxiong) and Folium Camelliae sinensis (green tea) for the treatment of migraine. In this study, we found that TFY could significantly reduce the writhing times induced by acetic acid and licking foot response induced by formalin, and extend the writhing latent period. But the analgesic effect was not observed at hot-plate test. Meanwhile, experimental migrainous model induced by nitroglycerin was used to investigate the therapeutic effect of TFY. Compared with the control group, the levels of plasma calcitonin gene related to peptide (CGRP), serum nitric oxide (NO) and contents of brain dopamine (DA) in TFY administration groups were significantly decreased, and the levels of plasma endothelin (ET) and contents of brain 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) were remarkably increased, also the ratio of ET/NO was clearly corrected. Furthermore, the improving effect of behavior abnormality was observed in TFY administration rats. Meanwhile, isolated vascular ring test indicated that TFY had an significant effect on vasomotion, and antagonize vasospasm; moreover TFY also could increase cerebral blood flow (CBF) and reduce cerebrovascular resistance index (RI) in normal rabbits, which verified the effect of TFY on vasomotion and abnormal hemorheology. All the results indicate that TFY has an effective therapeutical action on migraine, which may be related to three aspects as following: firstly, adjusting the level of neurotransmitters, neuropeptides and vasoactive substances, relieving neurogenic inflammation; secondly, improving vasomotion, increase cerebral blood flow

  1. The Functional Study of a Chinese Herbal Compounded Antidepressant Medicine--Jie Yu Chu Fan Capsule on Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress Mouse Model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lingling Ding

    Full Text Available Jie Yu Chu Fan capsule (JYCF is a new compounded Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of depression. The present study was designed to explore the antidepressant effects and the possible mechanisms of JYCF by using chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS mouse model and comparing results to that of fluoxetine. Behavioral tests including an open field test, sucrose preference test and forced swim test were performed to evaluate the antidepressant effects of JYCF. The concentrations of monoamine neurotransmitters and metabolic products including norepinephrine (NE, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, dopamine (DA, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA, homovanillic acid (HVA and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of mice were determined by means of high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (HPLC-EC. The results show that a successful mouse CUMS model was established through 5 weeks of continuous unpredictable stimulation, as indicated by the significant decrease in sucrose preference and locomotor activity and increase in immobility time in the forced swim test. Chronic treatment of JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg and fluoxetine (20 mg/kg significantly reversed the CUMS-induced behavioral abnormalities. JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg significantly increased NE in CUMS mouse prefrontal cortex (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.05 respectively and 5-HT in hippocampus (P < 0.05. In summary, our findings suggest that JYCF exerts comparable antidepressant-like effects to that of fluoxetine in CUMS mice. Besides, the antidepressant-like effect of JYCF is mediated by the increase of monoaminergic transmitters including 5-HT and NE.

  2. 时间和情欲--论鱼玄机的生命孤独%Time and Lust:Loneliness in the Life of Yu Xuanji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马国云

    2016-01-01

    鱼玄机自充任侍妾被弃之后,一生之中都在苦苦寻觅自己的感情寄托,但是终究无法获得眷顾。在时间的流转更替中,她越加觉得生命孤独无助,诗歌中关注了大量有关岁月流逝的意象,如春秋日夜等。本应过着枯寂的道观生活,但她却和诸多的世俗士子交往甚密,放荡不羁,纵情声色。其实,她二元相悖的生活正源于她苦苦追寻爱情而不得的生命孤独。她这样的生活状态成为了唐代社会开放、追求精神自由的一个有力注脚。%After being deserted as a concubine,Yu Xuanji had been seeking for an emotional sustenance bit-terly through her life,but she never got the favor all along.As time flew,she was more and more lonely and helpless.Her poems focused largely on images about fleeting time,such as the shift of spring and autumn, day and night and so on.She should have lived a dull and lonely life in the Taoist Temple,but she rubbed to-gether with many mundane scholars,dissolute and sensual.In fact,the extremes of her life originated from loneliness and the absence of love which she bitterly sought for.Her living situation thus became a powerful footnote which explained the open Tang Dynasty and people’s search for spiritual freedom.

  3. Stratifying the Develoment of Product Platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sköld, Martin; Karlsson, Christer

    2013-01-01

    companies develop platforms for different aims, purposes, and product scopes. Following on from this, the requirements for platform development resources, the ways of organizing platform development, and the implications for management styles have not been explored and are presumably varying. To start...... influencing the project length, requirements for platform development resources, principles for organizing, and implications for management styles....

  4. New offshore platform in the Mexican Gulf

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beisel, T.

    1982-04-01

    After a construction period of only 10 months, the second steel Offshore platform was recently completed in the Mexican Gulf. The pattern for this structure was the Cognac platform. The erection of the new platform, called the 'Cerveza' platform, is described in the article.

  5. Centrifuge-Based Fluidic Platforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoval, Jim; Jia, Guangyao; Kido, Horacio; Kim, Jitae; Kim, Nahui; Madou, Marc

    In this chapter centrifuge-based microfluidic platforms are reviewed and compared with other popular microfluidic propulsion methods. The underlying physical principles of centrifugal pumping in microfluidic systems are presented and the various centrifuge fluidic functions such as valving, decanting, calibration, mixing, metering, heating, sample splitting, and separation are introduced. Those fluidic functions have been combined with analytical measurements techniques such as optical imaging, absorbance and fluorescence spectroscopy and mass spectrometry to make the centrifugal platform a powerful solution for medical and clinical diagnostics and high-throughput screening (HTS) in drug discovery. Applications of a compact disc (CD)-based centrifuge platform analyzed in this review include: two-point calibration of an optode-based ion sensor, an automated immunoassay platform, multiple parallel screening assays and cellular-based assays. The use of modified commercial CD drives for high-resolution optical imaging is discussed as well. From a broader perspective, we compare the technical barriers involved in applying microfluidics for sensing and diagnostic as opposed to applying such techniques to HTS. The latter poses less challenges and explains why HTS products based on a CD fluidic platform are already commercially available, while we might have to wait longer to see commercial CD-based diagnostics.

  6. Platforms for Innovation and Internationalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Stavnsager Rasmussen

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The high-tech global startup has many challenges related to both innovation and internationalization. From a Danish cluster of Welfare Tech firms, eight innovative and international firms were selected and interviewed. Such firms typically have to be agile and operate in virtual networks in almost all parts of their value chains. This article contributes to the understanding of how innovation and internationalization to a great extent are interlinked. The firms have developed a core product or service offering, which the firms often describe as “a platform”. Around the platform, they develop their products and services for new customers and users in new countries. The firms have to sustain a strong focus on the platform while at the same time developing their platform solution for new products, new customers, and new markets. This pivoting makes it possible to use the platform in a new context but is highly demanding for the firms. They need to be extremely agile and fast-moving but at the same time still to have a focus on the core of the firm: the platform.

  7. On Divination and Hexagram in the Age of Xia Yu%论夏禹时代的占卜易卦

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史东雨; 史善刚

    2016-01-01

    夏禹时代是尧(唐)舜(虞)禹(大)及夏王朝时代,其时大约为距今4300—3700年。此一时代,在考古学上谓之龙山文化后期和二里头文化时代。夏禹时代之占卜易卦,需要深入探讨的有两处:一个是陶寺遗址出土的朱书“文”字扁壶及其铭文中的占卜易卦;一个是二里头遗址中所发现的卜骨现象和数字符号。作为单个数字的出现,如舞阳贾湖出土的时为8000年前的一个“八”字,西安半坡遗址出现的6000年前的“╳”(五)字,仅可作为一层意思。到了陶寺遗址中出现的4000年前的“O一∧一”(日一六一),几个数字符号连用且又和文字符号并署,由此构成了一个完整的数字易卦。这一征象表明数字易卦作为完整的单卦,发展到此已树起了一座可资确证的里程碑。而到了二里头文化时代,则出现了一、二、三、∧(六)、十(七)、(八),即大多数的单个奇、偶数都出现了。这又一变化,不禁使人联想起由奇偶所组成的阴阳卦画,并可由此去探寻其卦画符号之渊源问题。%The Age of Xia Yu refers to the Yao ( Tang) , Shun ( Yu) and Yu ( Da) as well as the Xia Dynasty, when it was about 4300 - 3700 years ago. This age was archaeologically recorded as the time of the late Longshan Culture and Erlitou Culture. The de⁃mand for depth researches on the divination and hexagram at this stage falls on two aspects:one is the scarlet lettered flat Pot unearthed from the Taosi site and the divination and hexagram of its inscription;the other is oracle bone phenomenon and digit symbol discovered from the Erlitou Site. The appearances as a single number, such as “八”, used 8000 years ago with the meaning of eight, excavated from Jiahu in Wuyang County, and the symbol"╳", meaning five, used 6000 years ago and found in Xi′an Banpo should be one layer of historical significance. When it came

  8. Persistent Monitoring Platforms Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bennett, C L

    2007-02-22

    This project was inspired and motivated by the need to provide better platforms for persistent surveillance. In the years since the inception of this work, the need for persistence of surveillance platforms has become even more widely appreciated, both within the defense community and the intelligence community. One of the most demanding technical requirements for such a platform involves the power plant and energy storage system, and this project concentrated almost exclusively on the technology associated with this system for a solar powered, high altitude, unmanned aircraft. An important realization for the feasibility of such solar powered aircraft, made at the outset of this project, was that thermal energy may be stored with higher specific energy density than for any other known practical form of rechargeable energy storage. This approach has proved to be extraordinarily fruitful, and a large number of spin-off applications of this technology were developed in the course of this project.

  9. Cerveza platforms offer economic options

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leblanc, L.A.

    1982-08-01

    Two single-piece platforms, Cerveze and Cerveza Ligera, were installed by Union Oil Co. in 925-935 ft of water. The technology and equipment used for the two platforms can be used for units to a depth of 1,400 ft in mild climates and to 1,000 ft in more critical weather areas such as the North Sea. The significant improvements in design and procedures in the construction and installation of the Cerveza Ligera platform are: (1) four leg structure, as opposed to eight, requiring less steel; (2) simplified fabrication; and (3) quicker installation. The most significant area of improvement in the Ligera project compared with Cerveza was in communications. Communications between naval architects and onshore launch foremen during loadout, and between surveyors and tug captains during positioning, are cited as examples.

  10. Tax Responses in Platform Industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kind, Hans Jarle; Köthenbürger, Marko; Schjelderup, Guttorm

    Two-sided platform firms serve distinct customer groups that are connected through interdependent demand, and include major businesses such as the media industry, banking, and the software industry. A well known result of tax incidence is that consumers of a more heavily taxed good pay a higher...... price and thus buy less of the good. The present paper shows that this result need not hold in a two-sided market. On the contrary, a higher ad valorem tax may lower end-user prices and spur sales. Thus, two-sided platform firms may not at all engage in tax shifting via price increases. We further show...

  11. Moodle vs. Social Media Platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gulieva, Valeria

    Given the competition coming from various social media platforms, it is explored in this paper how students could be encouraged to use Moodle more proactively during their studies. Moodle is a course management system for online learning. It is designed to be a flexible template-based system, which......, known and widely used social platforms. It might be also due to the fact that students do not see the benefits in investing time and efforts in learning the new system. Another reason might be the mandatory nature of Moodle, i.e., it is imposed on students, rather than a free choice – and this might...

  12. A practice scaffolding interactive platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bundsgaard, Jeppe

    2009-01-01

    , structures the students' activity, and interactively supports subject learning. A PracSIP facilitates students' development of complex competencies, and at the same time it supports the students' development of skills defined in the curriculum. The paper introduces the concept, presents the theoretical......A Practice Scaffolding Interactive Platform (PracSIP) is a social learning platform which supports students in collaborative project based learning by simulating a professional practice. A PracSIP puts the core tools of the simulated practice at the students' disposal, it organizes collaboration...

  13. 2009 Analysis Platform Review Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrell, John [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Washington, DC (United States

    2009-12-01

    This document summarizes the recommendations and evaluations provided by an independent external panel of experts at the U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program’s Analysis platform review meeting, held on February 18, 2009, at the Marriott Residence Inn, National Harbor, Maryland.

  14. 2009 Infrastructure Platform Review Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrell, John [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Washington, DC (United States)

    2009-12-01

    This document summarizes the recommendations and evaluations provided by an independent external panel of experts at the U.S. Department of Energy Biomass program‘s Infrastructure platform review meeting, held on February 19, 2009, at the Marriott Residence Inn, National Harbor, Maryland.

  15. Venus Atmospheric Maneuverable Platform (VAMP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polidan, R.; Lee, G.; Sokol, D.; Griffin, K.; Bolisay, L.

    2014-05-01

    VAMP is a long lived, semi-buoyant, atmospheric “rover” that deploys in orbit, enters the Venus atmosphere and flies in the Venus atmosphere between 55 and 70 km for up to one year as a platform to address VEXAG goals I.A, I.B, and I.C.

  16. Utilizing platforms in industrialized construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonev, Martin; Wörösch, Michael; Hvam, Lars

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the development of a platform-based projectexecution in the industrialised construction sector, with a focus on systematically balancing cost andvalue. Offering custom-tailored buildings at reasonable costs has been a growing concern for manyconst...

  17. Generational Transitions in Platform Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kretschmer, Tobias; Claussen, Jörg

    2016-01-01

    The introduction of a new product generation forces incumbents in platform markets to rebuild their installed base of complementary products. Using three different data sets on the U.S. market for video game consoles, we show that incumbents can, to some extent, substitute for rebuilding their new...

  18. Analysis of offshore jacket platform

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Harish, N.; Mandal, S.; Shanthala, B.; Rao, S.

    -Rohman, M., ‘Multi-loop feedback control of offshore steel jacket platforms’, Computers & Structures 70, 1999, 185–202. 11.Yamamoto, I., Terada, Y., and Yokokura, K., ‘An application of a position keeping control system to floating offshore platform...

  19. Tax Responses in Platform Industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kind, Hans Jarle; Köthenbürger, Marko; Schjelderup, Guttorm

    Two-sided platform firms serve distinct customer groups that are connected through interdependent demand, and include major businesses such as the media industry, banking, and the software industry. A well known result of tax incidence is that consumers of a more heavily taxed good pay a higher...

  20. 2009 Feedstocks Platform Review Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrell, John [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Washington, DC (United States)

    2009-12-01

    This document summarizes the recommendations and evaluations provided by an independent external panel of experts at the U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program‘s Feedstock platform review meeting, held on April 8–10, 2009, at the Grand Hyatt Washington, Washington, D.C.

  1. 从《无声戏》看李渔悖谬性的叙事策略及其效果%On LiYu's Unreasoning Narrative Tactics and Its Narrative Effect in The Unvoiced Drama

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆兵

    2001-01-01

    LiYu adopted absurd narrative tactics in The Unvoiced Drama,had The Unvoiced Drama produce the narrative effect of “new”、“strange” and reached the aim of making people feel “new” and “strange”,the main reason of which was that LiYu remarkably strengthened people's trust in these stories by the clever blending of the rationalized notion,the moralized feelings, the open teaching, the amusing narration and absurd plots;at the same time,the absurd narrative tactics powerfully reduced the understandability about these stories;the others exerting their functions,too.That LiYu adopted absurd narrative tactics in The Unvoiced Drama was a useful practice of the theory that the literature must create something new.%李渔在《无声戏》中采取了悖谬性的叙事策略,使《无声戏》产生了“新”、“奇”的叙事效果,达到了新人耳目的叙事目的。其主要原因是李渔通过观念理性化、感情道德化、训谕明示化、叙事娱乐化和情节悖谬化的巧妙融合,显著地增强了人们对故事的信任感;同时,悖谬性叙事策略也有力地降低了故事的可理解性;其它叙事因素也发挥了积极的作用。李渔在《无声戏》中采取的悖谬性叙事策略是他文学创新思想的一次有益的实践。

  2. Shen-Qi-Jie-Yu-Fang exerts effects on a rat model of postpartum depression by regulating inflammatory cytokines and CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li JY

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Jingya Li,1,* Ruizhen Zhao,1,* Xiaoli Li,1 Wenjun Sun,1 Miao Qu,1 Qisheng Tang,1 Xinke Yang,1 Shujing Zhang2 1Third Affiliated Hospital, 2School of Basic Medical Sciences, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Shen-Qi-Jie-Yu-Fang (SJF is composed of eight Chinese medicinal herbs. It is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating postpartum depression (PPD. Previous studies have shown that SJF treats PPD through the neuroendocrine mechanism. Aim: To further investigate the effect of SJF on the immune system, including the inflammatory response system and CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (Treg cells. Materials and methods: Sprague Dawley rats were used to create an animal model of PPD by inducing hormone-simulated pregnancy followed by hormone withdrawal. After hormone withdrawal, the PPD rats were treated with SJF or fluoxetine for 1, 2, and 4 weeks. Levels of Treg cells in peripheral blood were measured by flow cytometry analysis. Serum interleukin (IL-1β and IL-6 were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and gene and protein expressions of IL-1RI, IL-6Rα, and gp130 in the hippocampus were observed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. Results: Serum IL-1β in PPD rats increased at 2 weeks and declined from then on, while serum IL-6 increased at 1, 2, and 4 weeks. Both IL-1β and IL-6 were downregulated by SJF and fluoxetine. Changes in gene and protein expressions of IL-1RI and gp130 in PPD rats were consistent with changes in serum IL-1β, and were able to be regulated by SJF and fluoxetine. The levels of Treg cells were negatively correlated with serum IL-1β and IL-6, and were decreased in PPD rats. The levels of Treg cells were increased by SJF and fluoxetine. Conclusion: Dysfunction of proinflammatory cytokines and Tregs in different stages of PPD was attenuated by SJF and fluoxetine through

  3. 俞樟华的学术探索与创新之路%Professor Yu Zhanghua’ s Exploration and Innovation of Academic Career

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘德宝

    2015-01-01

    Professor Yu Zhanghua’ s academic career, from the research of Historical Records, to the research of biographical literature, to the research of academic history, is an exploration and innovation road. In the field of research on Historical Records, his Historical Records Research Data Indexing and Papers Monographs Abstract and Research History of Historical Records have the properties of integrated. Historical Records New Discussion and On Historical Records’ Art and a series work on Historical Records ac⁃ceptance history showed innovation. In the research field of biographical literature, Research of China Biography Literature Theory and The Study of Ancient Miscellaneous Biography and Analects of Biographical Literature and Research on Qing Dynasty Biography and On the Authenticity of Ancient Biography also reflect his creative spirit. In the field of research on academic history, Annals of Wang Xue and Annals of Tongcheng School and Annals of Chinese Academic and Xin Hai Log as the representative, these works re⁃flected on the persistence and transcendence of the former two.%俞樟华教授的学术之路,从《史记》研究到传记文学研究再到学术史研究,是一条探索与创新之路。《史记》研究领域,其《史记研究资料索引和论文专著提要》《史记研究史略》具有集大成的性质,《史记新探》《史记艺术论》及系列《史记》接受史等论著则凸显了创新性;传记研究领域,《中国传记文学理论研究》《古代杂传研究》《传记文学谈薮》《清代传记研究》《古代传记真实论》等体现了其创新的精神;学术史研究,以《王学编年》《桐城派编年》《中国学术编年》《辛亥日志》为代表,体现了对前两者的坚守与超越。

  4. The Research on ZHAO Huai-yu about Ancestors of Poetry%家声我敢负高曾--赵怀玉述祖诗文研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝士英; 王文荣

    2016-01-01

    ZHAO Huai-yu was a famous scholar in Qing Dynasty. He was considered as one of the seven Piling poets and focused on the poetry of classical Chinese words. Five Handwriting Sequence is a long article about the morality of his ancestors. According to the lines, we can feel the kind heart of transferring the ancestors’good deeds and characters. In addition, he also has a certain number of poetry about his progenitors. Through those po-etry, we could find the power of his glory and pride, the defence and uplift. At the same time, there are lingering stress and anxiety. His poetry of progenitors offers a variety of view. According to the literary point of view, it is necessary to concentrate on the origin and evolution. From the angle of history, the relationship between family history and the official history was fascinating. Last but not least, from the angle of sociology, readers can think deeply about the relationship between the individual and the whole family.%赵怀玉,清代著名文人,“毗陵七子”之一,工诗古文词。《五世手迹跋》是其缕述祖德的一篇长文,字里行间,跃动着欲传先祖懿德嘉行之拳拳之心。赵怀玉另有一定数量的述祖诗文,于中可见其对待先祖的荣光与骄傲、守护与振拔的动力,还有挥之不去的压力与焦虑。其述祖诗文,提供了多种考察角度,从文学的角度看,其渊源流变值得关注;从历史的角度,家族私史与官史的关系颇堪玩味;从社会学的角度,可思考个体与家族的关系。

  5. 于艳茹诉北京大学案的法律评析%Legal Analysis on Yu Yanru vs. Peking University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    湛中乐; 王春蕾

    2016-01-01

    The ‘Yu Yanru Case’ is the first administrative litigation in China regarding the revocation of a doctor degree due to the plagiarism of a thesis.The legality of the revocation decision shall be analyzed and evaluated coordinated with the basic theory of education administrative law and the fact of this case. The main issues in this case include the legal basis of the revocation of a degree,whether such plagiarized thesis constitutes a key condition of the revocation decision of a doctor degree or not, the difference between fraud and plagiarism, the legality of the proceeding regarding such revocation decision, and the remedy of both parties in this case. Finally, for the purpose of plagiarism regulation, it is suggested to build up a kind of academic review rules obeying to the cognitive rationality in addition to pure judicial review proceedings.%“于艳茹案”是我国首个因论文抄袭导致博士学位撤销的行政诉讼案件。撤销于艳茹博士学位决定的合法性,必须结合教育行政法治的基本原理并结合案件事实予以评析。本案中的主要问题有:学位撤销的法律依据;这篇涉嫌抄袭的论文是否构成博士学位撤销的要件;“舞弊作伪”与“抄袭、剽窃”的区分;博士学位撤销的程序合法性;以及当事人权利救济。对抄袭剽窃行为的治理,除司法审查外,还应当建立一种回归知识理性的学术评审规范。

  6. Unique Mechanisms of Sheng Yu Decoction (聖愈湯 Shèng Yù Tang on Ischemic Stroke Mice Revealed by an Integrated Neurofunctional and Transcriptome Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Chang Hou

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Sheng Yu Decoction (聖愈湯 Shèng Yù Tang; SYD is a popular traditional Chinese medicine (TCM remedy used in treating cardiovascular and brain-related dysfunction clinically; yet, its neuroprotective mechanisms are still unclear. Here, mice were subjected to an acute ischemic stroke to examine the efficacy and mechanisms of action of SYD by an integrated neurofunctional and transcriptome analysis. More than 80% of the mice died within 2 days after ischemic stroke with vehicle treatment. Treatments with SYD (1.0 g/kg, twice daily, orally or p.o. and recombinant thrombolytic tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA; 10 mg/kg, once daily, intravenously or i.v. both significantly extended the lifespan as compared to that of the vehicle-treated stroke group. SYD successfully restored brain function, ameliorated cerebral infarction and oxidative stress, and significantly improved neurological deficits in mice with stroke. Molecular impact of SYD by a genome-wide transcriptome analysis using brains from stroke mice showed a total of 162 out of 2081 ischemia-induced probe sets were significantly influenced by SYD. Mining the functional modules and genetic networks of these 162 genes revealed a significant upregulation of neuroprotective genes in Wnt receptor signaling pathway (3 genes and regulation of cell communication (7 genes and downregulation of destructive genes in response to stress (13 genes and in the induction of inflammation (5 genes, cytokine production (4 genes, angiogenesis (3 genes, vasculature (6 genes and blood vessel (5 genes development, wound healing (7 genes, defense response (7 genes, chemotaxis (4 genes, immune response (7 genes, antigen processing and presenting (3 genes, and leukocyte-mediated cytotoxicity (2 genes by SYD. Our results suggest that SYD could protect mice against ischemic stroke primarily through significantly downregulating the damaging genes involved in stress, inflammation, angiogenesis, blood vessel

  7. Effects of Qian Lie Kang Tai formula on the expressions of TNF-α and IL-1β mRNA in prostate tissues of rats with chronic prostatitis%前列康泰方对慢性前列腺炎前列腺组织TNF-α、IL-1βmRNA表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵乔; 周安方; 曹继刚; 萧闵; 张晓艳

    2011-01-01

    目的 观察慢性细菌性和非细菌性前列腺炎大鼠前列腺组织中TNF-α、IL-1β mRNA的表达及前列康泰方对它们的影响.方法 利用大鼠前列腺两侧叶注入预先稀释好的浓度为10(7)~10(9)个/ml大肠杆菌混悬液0.2ml来建立慢性细菌性前列腺炎病理模型;在大鼠前列腺侧叶注入25%消痔灵注射液0.2ml来建立慢性非细菌性前列腺炎病理模型.采用逆转录-聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)的方法测定大鼠前列腺组织中TNF-α、IL-1β mRNA表达的变化,观察前列康泰方对它们的影响.结果 与正常对照组比较,慢性细菌性和非细菌性前列腺炎模型组大鼠前列腺组织中TNF-α、IL-1β mRNA的表达均增强;与模型组比较,前列康泰方组大鼠前列腺组织中TNF-α、IL-1β mRNA的表达均降低.结论 前列康泰方对慢性前列腺炎前列腺组织中细胞因子及其受体有一定的调控作用,这可能是该方治疗慢性前列腺炎的作用机制之一.%Objective To analyze the changes of TNF- α and IL-1β expression in prostate tissues of rats with chronic bacterial and non-bacterial prostatitis treated by Qian Lie Kang Tai formula. Methods Rat model with chronic bacterial prostatitis was established by injecting with 0.2ml E.coli suspension with the concentration of 107~109/ml into two sides of prostate tissue. And rat model with chronic non-bacterial prostatitis was established by injecting with 0.2ml xiao zhi ling injection into two sides of prostate tissue. The levels TNF- α and IL-1 β mRNA in rat prostate tissues were detected by RT-PCR. Resuluts Compared with that of the normal group, the expressions of TNF- α and IL-1 β mRNA in rat prostate tissue were all increased in model groups(P<0.05) Compared with other model groups, the expressions of TNF- α and IL-1 β in prostate tissue were significantly decreased in Qian Lie Kang Tai formula group(P<0.05).Conclusion Qian Lie Kang Tai formula might regulate expressions of

  8. 河北迁安一迁西国家地质公园地质遗迹资源类型划分及评价%The Classification and Assessment of Geological Heritage Resources in the Qian'an-Qianxi National Geopark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武红梅; 武法东

    2011-01-01

    迁安-迁西国家地质公园拥有古老地层、峡谷、溶洞、断层、褶皱等丰富的地质遗迹资源,其中以古老地层剖面为其主体内容.本文是在地质遗迹资源调查研究的基础上,将该公园地质遗迹类型划分为地层学遗迹、地貌类遗迹、构造地质遗迹和古生物化石遗迹4大类,然后以地质遗迹资源单体或类型为评价对象,运用层次分析法(AHP),对地质遗迹资源自身价值要素进行定量评价,得出迁安-迁西国家地质公园内的主要地质遗迹资源达到世界级1处,国家级10处,省级15处,地方级17处.该评价结果是深入分析迁安-迁西国家地质公园内地质遗迹资源状况的基础,对公园地质遗迹的保护、开发利用和规划管理等工作具有一定的参考价值.%The Qian'an-Qianxi National Geopark has rich geological heritage resources, such as ancient strata, canyons, caves, faults and folds, in which the whole stratigraphic systems, such as Qianxi Group, Changcheng System and Ordovician section, play an important role. On the basis of detailed researches, the geological heritage resources are divided into four categories, I.e., geological heritage sites of stratigraphy, geomorphological heritages, structural geological heritages and fossil heritages. In evaluating geological heritages, the monomers or types of geological heritage resources are taken as the objects of evaluation, the value of resource factor and the external factors of resources are chosen as the layer of comprehensive evaluation of the geological heritage resources, and the value of resource, the characteristics of resource, the influence on resources and the environmental factors are selected as the project of evaluation. In the project of evaluation, 13 evaluation factors are determined through refinement, which are scientific value, the value of science education, the value of tourism development, aesthetic value, rarity and peculiar nature, vulnerability

  9. Qian Xuesen’ s Thought of Social Systematic Engineering and Its Theoretical Contribution%一个影响了几代中央领导集体的重要思想--论钱学森社会系统工程思想及其理论贡献

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞元正

    2014-01-01

    钱学森的社会系统工程思想对中国几代中央领导集体都产生了重要影响。钱学森以马克思主义世界观方法论为指导,揭示了系统思想的辩证本质,对系统思想与马克思主义哲学的关系进行了精辟论述,为以邓小平为核心的中央领导集体将系统思想运用于我国社会主义建设奠定了思想基础。钱学森强调社会主义建设是复杂的社会系统工程,并从系统整体性的角度提出,社会主义建设不仅包括物质文明建设和精神文明建设,而且包括政治文明建设,为以江泽民为核心的中央领导集体提出“三位一体”的社会主义建设布局提供了重要的理论支撑。钱学森在对社会主义建设系统结构的研究中,进一步提出了“地理建设”的概念,并对“社会建设”问题做出了深入的论证,为以胡锦涛为总书记的中央领导集体确立“五位一体”社会主义总布局,提供了重要的先期探索成果。%Qian Xuesen ’ s social systematic engineering thought exerts important influence on generations of central collective leadership of the C .P.C.Guided with the world outlook and methodology of Marxism , Qian Xues-en reveals the dialectical essence of systematic thought .He makes penetrating analysis on the relation between sys-tematic thought and Marxist philosophy , thus establishing an ideological foundation for systematic thought to be used in the socialist construction of China .He emphasizes that the socialist construction is a complicated social systemat-ic engineering .He proposes that political civilization , besides material civilization and spiritual civilization , should also be carried out in perspectives of the systematic integrity and the reality of the socialist construction of China . This provides important theoretical support for the plan for developing material , spiritual and political culture in China.Later, in the study on the systematic

  10. The Properties of Applied Psychology:An Analysis Based on the Qian Xuesen Model of Subject Structure%应用心理学的学科性质——基于钱学森学科结构模型的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范会勇

    2012-01-01

    纯粹应用观和独立观是解释应用心理学学科性质的两个代表性理论。前者认为应用心理学仅是基础心理学知识和方法的直接应用;后者则认为应用心理学有独立的本质特征。钱学森学科结构模型赞同独立观,认为应用心理学有三个本质特征:1)研究旨趣面向心理工程技术中的重大问题,生产应用性理论;2)内容体系由社会需求决定,随着需求的变化而变化;3)研究方法的个人经验成分多于基础心理学,少于心理工程技术。在应用心理学建设中,1)要敏于实际需求;2)要大力发展、创立我国需要的应用心理学分支;3)要统一人才培养规制。%Although some researchers have discussed the properties of applied psychology, we are still confused by the question what is applied psychology? To answer it systematically, the present paper adopted Qian Xuesen’s theory of subject structure which was retrieved from the history of physics. There are two debating theories explaining the basic attributes of applied psychology, i.e. the pure application theory and the independence theory. The former argues that applied psychology just directly implicates the knowledge of basic psychology into practical realms; however, the latter insists that applied psychology has its own indispensable properties. The pure application theory dominates the history of psychology; however, it leaves some phenomena unexplained. For example, the basic psychology has not had all the knowledge about human beings’ psyche. In fact, the application has been a re-creative process distinguishable from the process of study. So more and more psychologists believe the independence theory is correct. As is expected, a compellent theory explaining why the independence theory is correct is wanted. Qian Xuesen, an applied scientist, put forth a theory that there are three distinctive groups of subjects within the field related to physics. They are pure

  11. 九尾白狐与禹娶涂山女神话%Mythology of Nine Tailed White Fox and the Marriage between Yu and the Lady from Tushan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王守亮

    2013-01-01

    The History of Wu and Yue written by ZHAO Ye recorded the famous myth of Yu marrying the lady from Tushan. However, when some books,such as Shu Chao, Lei Ju, Yu Lan, and so on, quote this myth, part of their items may be noted Spring and Autumn by LV. As a result, scholars from both ancient and modern times always annotate Spring and Autumn by LV as the place where the myth comes from, which is cer-tainly false. The mystical part of this myth is the Nine Tailed White Fox. During the Warring States Period, the Nine Tailed White Fox was regarded as the mascot of Shang Dynasty rising with gold. It had nothing to do with Yu Dynasty that grew up with wood. Later on, people took the Nine Tailed White Fox as a symbol of Yu�s ris-ing. People lived in Han Dynasty connected the Nine Tailed White Fox with the marriage between Yu and the lady from Tushan, which transformed a historical legend into a romantic myth. Therefore, we should correct two misunderstandings about this mythology, which turns to be an example of making history mythical.%赵晔《吴越春秋》记载了著名的禹娶涂山女神话。但《书钞》、《类聚》、《御览》等类书引此神话时,部分条目注出《吕氏春秋》,故古今有学者据此认为这是该书佚文,这是错误的。禹娶涂山女神话神秘怪诞之处在于九尾白狐意象。战国时期,九尾白狐被认为是以金德王天下的商汤兴起之瑞,与以木德王天下的禹无关。汉儒根据五行相生说改造古史系统,以禹为金德,九尾白狐遂成禹兴之瑞。汉人将九尾白狐意象纳入禹与涂山女的婚姻故事,一段近实的历史传说蜕变为一则浪漫的神话。禹娶涂山女神话是历史神话化的一个实例。

  12. 周玉艳主任医师治疗难治性周围性面瘫经验初探%Experience of Doctor ZHOU YU-yan to Treat Peripheral Facial Paralysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彩荣; 陈朝明; 李静

    2013-01-01

    This article summarized famous doctor Zhou Yu-yan' s clinical experience in the treatment of Refractory facial paralysis, who pointed out the differentiation is different root excessive superficial. Mr. Zhou especially pays attention to adjust immunity and manipulation of acupuucture.%总结了名老中医周玉艳主任治疗难治性周围性面瘫的临床经验,指出难治性面瘫为本虚标实症,周主任临床上治疗上重调节免疫及针刺补泻手法,讲究治调并济.

  13. 文化漫游与精神家园——当代中国文化散文的公共语境 (Cultural Tours and the Spiritual Home: On Yu Qiuyu and Contemporary Chinese Cultural Essays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Zheng

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The essay explores the public social dimension of the “great cultural essays” as a popular post-socialist genre. It looks into the genre’s emergence and popularity as part of the making of a middleclass taste in contemporary China and its claim to a re-imagined cultural national inheritance. In particular, the discussion focuses on the example of essayist Yu Qiuyu and examines the implications of his successful transformation of an obsolete historical “Culture” into a desirable commodity that offers spiritual home to the aspiring and successful of a “Greater China”.

  14. The Enlightenment of Qian Zhongshu’s Using Scriptures to Refer to One ’s Own Experience by Way of Speaking to Literary Criticism Style%钱钟书“发经”言说方式对当代批评文体的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨慧

    2013-01-01

    “发经”言说方式即借经文以写自己见识,“依经立义”是当今知识生成和积累的重要方式。钱钟书先生的《管锥编》《谈艺录》即是用“发经”来构筑自己的学术大厦,这种言说方式继承中国批评文体诗话传统,崇尚注疏、札记等的“不成体系”。钱钟书以自己的学术实践为我们提供了一种学术与经学相结合的写作范式,呈现出自己独特的生命情趣和个性特征,这恰恰是当代文学批评所缺乏的。这种言说方式对于重新切入中国古人的言说语境,探讨传统文本的文化生成与文论话语,弘扬民族文化创新精神,提升创新能力,具有积极的借鉴意义和价值,对21世纪文学批评文体具有示范性意义。%Using scriptures to refer to one’s own experience by way of speaking as well as to establish their own thoughts according to scriptures is important in today’s knowledge generation and accumulation .In Essays on Ideas and Letters (Guan Zhui Bian) and Notes on Literature and A rt (Tan Yi Lu) ,Mr .Qian Zhongshu uses this method to lay the foundation for his academic achievements .It takes full advantage of poetry tradition in Chinese literature’s criticism style to advocate “systemless”in notes and commentaries of ancient China .Qian Zhongshu’s own practice provides us with an academic ,scientific writing model combining with the study of classics ,and life with its own unique erotic personality ,which is exactly miss-ing in contemporary literary criticism .This method has positive value and exemplary significance for re-ex-ploring the speech context of ancient Chinese ,discussing the cultural formation and theoretical discourse , carrying forward national culture as well as innovative spirit ,and enhancing innovative capability in the study of literary criticism style in the 21st century .

  15. Supplement and Correction of Qian Mu's Fragment Memories of Teachers and Friends --A Textual Research of Life Story of Zhu Huaitian%对钱穆《师友杂忆》一则重要记述的补正——兼及朱怀天生平事迹考辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅宏星

    2012-01-01

    Mr. Qian Mu is one of important masters of Chinese learning. During his later years, he settled down on solitary island Taiwan where he wrote a memoirs named Fragment Memories of Teachers and Friends in his senior age. Owing to fading memory and without enough references, memory errors are inevitable. However, The flaws do not detract from the jade's essential beauty, and it is still an important historical record Chinese academic develop- ment with independent research value of in the 20th century. Through comparing Posthumous Manuscript of Songjiang Mr. Zhu Huaitian and Fragment Memories of Teachers and Friends, as well as complementing each other, this paper gradually distinguishes the life story of Mr. Zhu Huaitian, discarding the false and retaining the true, sup- plementing newly found materials, makes a efforts to completely reappear a whole process of social interaction be- tween Qian Mu and Zhu Huaitian.%钱穆先生是现代中国最为重要的国学大师之一。他晚年定居台湾,在记忆衰退,又无大量文献可供稽考的情况下,耄耋之年写作回忆录——《师友杂忆》,因此记述难免出现偏差。但瑕不掩瑜,此书仍旧是一部20世纪中国学术发展史的实录,有着它书所无法替代的研究价值。文章主要利用1921年7月印行的《松江朱怀天先生遗稿》与《师友杂忆》比较参证,逐次辨析朱怀天生平事迹,去伪存真,增补缺失,力图完整展现钱穆与朱怀天交往的全过程。

  16. Product Platform Development in Industrial Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, Christer; Skold, Martin

    2011-01-01

    The article examines the strategic issues involved in the deployment of product platform development in an industrial network. The move entails identifying the types and characteristics of generically different product platform strategies and clarifying strategic motives and differences. Number...

  17. Parametric modelling of nonstationary platform deck motions

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mandal, S.

    -sense-stationary processes. Then the time series are modelled by the maximum entropy method which is formulated here for spectral estimation of platform deck displacements. The lower order maximum entropy spectra of nonstationary platform deck displacements are compared...

  18. Front-end conceptual platform modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guðlaugsson, Tómas Vignir; Ravn, Poul Martin; Mortensen, Niels Henrik

    2014-01-01

    Platform thinking has been the subject of investigation and deployment in many projects in both academia and industry. Most contributions involve the restructuring of product programs, and only a few support front-end development of a new platform in parallel with technology development....... This contribution deals with the development of product platforms in front-end projects and introduces a modeling tool: the Conceptual Product Platform model. State of the art within platform modeling forms the base of a modeling formalism for a Conceptual Product Platform model. The modeling formalism is explored...... through an example and applied in a case in which the Conceptual Product Platform model has supported the front-end development of a platform for an electro-active polymer technology. The case describes the contents of the model and how its application supported the development work in the project...

  19. The Logic of Digital Platform Disruption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazan, Erol; Tan, Chee-Wee; Lim, Eric T. K.

    Digital platforms are disruptive IT artifacts, because they facilitate the quick release of innovative platform derivatives from third parties (e.g., apps). This study endeavours to unravel the disruptive potential, caused by distinct designs and configurations of digital platforms on market...... environments. We postulate that the disruptive potential of digital platforms is determined by the degree of alignment among the business, technology and platform profiles. Furthermore, we argue that the design and configuration of the aforementioned three elements dictates the extent to which open innovation...... is permitted. To shed light on the disruptive potential of digital platforms, we opted for payment platforms as our unit of analysis. Through interviews with experts and payment providers, we seek to gain an in-depth appreciation of how contemporary digital payment platforms are designed and configured...

  20. Modeling and analysis of offshore jacket platform

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mohan, P.; Sidhaarth, K.R.A.; SanilKumar, V.

    This paper details the results obtained from static analysis, considering both operational and ultimate limit state performance characteristics of a jacket platform, designed at Mumbai high basin. The existing platforms at Mumbai high region...

  1. The Logic of Digital Platform Disruption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazan, Erol; Tan, Chee-Wee; Lim, Eric T. K.

    Digital platforms are disruptive IT artifacts, because they facilitate the quick release of innovative platform derivatives from third parties (e.g., apps). This study endeavours to unravel the disruptive potential, caused by distinct designs and configurations of digital platforms on market...... environments. We postulate that the disruptive potential of digital platforms is determined by the degree of alignment among the business, technology and platform profiles. Furthermore, we argue that the design and configuration of the aforementioned three elements dictates the extent to which open innovation...... is permitted. To shed light on the disruptive potential of digital platforms, we opted for payment platforms as our unit of analysis. Through interviews with experts and payment providers, we seek to gain an in-depth appreciation of how contemporary digital payment platforms are designed and configured...

  2. Product Platform Development in Industrial Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, Christer; Skold, Martin

    2011-01-01

    The article examines the strategic issues involved in the deployment of product platform development in an industrial network. The move entails identifying the types and characteristics of generically different product platform strategies and clarifying strategic motives and differences. Number...

  3. Software development on the SAP HANA platform

    CERN Document Server

    Walker, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Software Development on the SAP HANA Platform is a general tutorial guide to SAP HANA.This book is written for beginners to the SAP HANA platform. No knowledge of SAP HANA is necessary to start using this book.

  4. Hierarchical DSE for multi-ASIP platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Micconi, Laura; Corvino, Rosilde; Gangadharan, Deepak;

    2013-01-01

    This work proposes a hierarchical Design Space Exploration (DSE) for the design of multi-processor platforms targeted to specific applications with strict timing and area constraints. In particular, it considers platforms integrating multiple Application Specific Instruction Set Processors (ASIPs...

  5. A Platform for Spreadsheet Composition

    CERN Document Server

    Baglietto, Pierpaolo; Mangiante, Simone; Maresca, Massimo; Parodi, Andrea; Stecca, Michele

    2011-01-01

    A huge amount of data is everyday managed in large organizations in many critical business sectors with the support of spreadsheet applications. The process of elaborating spreadsheet data is often performed in a distributed, collaborative way, where many actors enter data belonging to their local business domain to contribute to a global business view. The manual fusion of such data may lead to errors in copy-paste operations, loss of alignment and coherency due to multiple spreadsheet copies in circulation, as well as loss of data due to broken cross-spreadsheet links. In this paper we describe a methodology, based on a Spreadsheet Composition Platform, which greatly reduces these risks. The proposed platform seamlessly integrates the distributed spreadsheet elaboration, supports the commonly known spreadsheet tools for data processing and helps organizations to adopt a more controlled and secure environment for data fusion.

  6. Platform-Independent Courseware Sharing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takao Shimomura

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Courseware distribution between different platforms is the major issue of current e-Learning. SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model is one of the solutions for courseware sharing. However, to make SCORM-conformable courseware, some knowledge about HTML and JavaScript is required. This paper presents a SWF (Sharable Web Fragment-based e-Learning system, where courseware is created with sharable Web fragments such as Web pages, images and other resources, and the courseware can be distributed to another platform by export and import facilities. It also demonstrates how to export a subject that contains assignments and problems and how to import the whole subject, only the assignments, or only the problems. The exported meta-information is architecture-independent and provides a model of courseware distribution.

  7. Stabilisation problem in biaxial platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lindner Tymoteusz

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article describes investigation of rolling ball stabilization problem on a biaxial platform. The aim of the control system proposed here is to stabilize ball moving on a plane in equilibrium point. The authors proposed a control algorithm based on cascade PID and they compared it with another control method. The article shows the results of the accuracy of ball stabilization and influence of applied filter on the signal waveform. The application used to detect the ball position measured by digital camera has been written using a cross platform .Net wrapper to the OpenCV image processing library - EmguCV. The authors used the bipolar stepper motor with dedicated electronic controller. The data between the computer and the designed controller are sent with use of the RS232 standard. The control stand is based on ATmega series microcontroller.

  8. DATABASE REPLICATION IN HETEROGENOUS PLATFORM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendro Nindito

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The application of diverse database technologies in enterprises today is increasingly a common practice. To provide high availability and survavibality of real-time information, a database replication technology that has capability to replicate databases under heterogenous platforms is required. The purpose of this research is to find the technology with such capability. In this research, the data source is stored in MSSQL database server running on Windows. The data will be replicated to MySQL running on Linux as the destination. The method applied in this research is prototyping in which the processes of development and testing can be done interactively and repeatedly. The key result of this research is that the replication technology applied, which is called Oracle GoldenGate, can successfully manage to do its task in replicating data in real-time and heterogeneous platforms.

  9. YARP: Yet Another Robot Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Natale

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available We describe YARP, Yet Another Robot Platform, an open-source project that encapsulates lessons from our experience in building humanoid robots. The goal of YARP is to minimize the effort devoted to infrastructure-level software development by facilitating code reuse, modularity and so maximize research-level development and collaboration. Humanoid robotics is a "bleeding edge" field of research, with constant flux in sensors, actuators, and processors. Code reuse and maintenance is therefore a significant challenge. We describe the main problems we faced and the solutions we adopted. In short, the main features of YARP include support for inter-process communication, image processing as well as a class hierarchy to ease code reuse across different hardware platforms. YARP is currently used and tested on Windows, Linux and QNX6 which are common operating systems used in robotics.

  10. Multithreading platform for multimedia applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koster, Rainer; Kramp, Thorsten

    2000-12-01

    Complex multimedia applications have diverse resource and timing requirements. A platform for building such programs therefore should supply the developer with mechanisms for managing concurrency, communication, and real-time constraints but should remain flexible with regard to scheduling policies and interaction models. We have developed such a platform consisting of a user-level threads package and operating system extensions. The threads package offers a message-based threading model uniformly integrating synchronous and asynchronous communication, inter-thread synchronization, and signal handling as well as real-time functionality and application-specific scheduling. To support this user-space flexibility an upcall mechanism links the user-level scheduler to the kernel.

  11. Stabilisation problem in biaxial platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindner, Tymoteusz; Rybarczyk, Dominik; Wyrwał, Daniel

    2016-12-01

    The article describes investigation of rolling ball stabilization problem on a biaxial platform. The aim of the control system proposed here is to stabilize ball moving on a plane in equilibrium point. The authors proposed a control algorithm based on cascade PID and they compared it with another control method. The article shows the results of the accuracy of ball stabilization and influence of applied filter on the signal waveform. The application used to detect the ball position measured by digital camera has been written using a cross platform .Net wrapper to the OpenCV image processing library - EmguCV. The authors used the bipolar stepper motor with dedicated electronic controller. The data between the computer and the designed controller are sent with use of the RS232 standard. The control stand is based on ATmega series microcontroller.

  12. Climate News Across Media Platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskjær, Mikkel Fugl

    2015-01-01

    In a changing media landscape marked by technological, institutional and cultural convergence, comparative and cross-media content analysis represents a valuable analytical tool in mapping the diverse channels of climate change communication. This paper presents a comparative study of climate...... change news on five different media platforms: newspapers, television, radio, web-news and mobile news. It investigates the themes and actors represented in public climate change communication as well as the diverse possibilities of participating in public debates and information sharing. By combining...... quantitative and qualitative content analysis the paper documents and explores the extent and character of climate change news across different media platforms. The study aims at contributing to the on-going assessment of how news media are addressing climate change at a time when old and new media...

  13. An Autonomous Platform Simulator (APS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-06-01

    4 Da~c o! Rcp .’rt’ yeur. :nr.e,1 Page Count Master’s Thesi rmT Ju’ne 1 9 9 Ze 16 Supplementary Notat~on 14 The views expressed in this thesis are...the flight volume is based on the firing platform’s current LOS not the LOS at the time of firing. The near and far clipping planes are set to the

  14. Modular Platforms for Optofluidic Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brammer, Marko; Mappes, Timo

    2014-01-01

    Optofluidics is increasingly gaining impact in a number of different fields of research, namely biology and medicine, environmental monitoring and green energy. However, the market for optofluidic products is still in the early development phase. In this manuscript, we discuss modular platforms as a potential concept to facilitate the transfer of optofluidic sensing systems to an industrial implementation. We present microfluidic and optical networks as a basis for the interconnection of optofluidic sensor modules. Finally, we show the potential for entire optofluidic networks

  15. Platform development: implications for portfolio management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hsuan, Juliana; Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård

    2007-01-01

    complex, possibly increasing the strategic risks for the firm. This paper reports preliminary findings on platform management process at LEGO, a Danish toy company. Specifically, we report the process of applying games combined with simulations and workshops in the platform development. We also propose...... a framework, based on the portfolio management thinking to evaluate the degree of modularity embedded in a given platform and to which extent it is aligned with other platforms."...

  16. Electrorheological fluid-actuated flexible platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Liyu; Niu, Xize; Wen, Weijia; Sheng, Ping

    2006-04-01

    The design, fabrication, and performance of an electrorheological (ER) fluid-actuated flexible platform integrated on a microfluidic chip are reported in this letter. The digitally regulated ER microvalves control the four diaphragms on which a platform is sustained. With electrical input signals, the platform can perform vibrations at tunable frequencies as well as generate complex leveling modes. The flexible platform can potentially act as a microdamper when its inputs are generated from a sensor, in combination with a feedback control system.

  17. Towards a Framework of Digital Platform Competition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazan, Erol; Tan, Chee-Wee; Lim, Eric T. K.

    2016-01-01

    This paper advances a framework for examining the competitive principles of mobile payment platforms. We postulate that the strategic interplay of platform layers will drive the competitive dynamics of platform-driven ubiquitous systems. This framework has been employed in a comparative case study...

  18. A Typology of Multi-sided Platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staykova, Kalina Stefanova; Damsgaard, Jan

    2015-01-01

    which evolved several steps into being multi-sided (Facebook). Our analysis shows a structural difference between one-sided, two-sided and multi-sided platforms and that platforms consist of a core and potentially also a periphery. The sides of a platform and the ties which connect them can be arranged...

  19. To Look For Human Literature: Lin Yu-tang' s Views on Biographical Literature%寻求人的文学:论林语堂的传记文学观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余娜

    2015-01-01

    Biographical literature has actractted the attention of Lin Yu-tang. He not only wrote a few autobiographies and celebrity biographies,but also introduced many excellent works. Studying ancient literature, Lin Yu-tang found natural humanity and happy life. He expressed the idea about the development of Chinese modern biographical literature.%林语堂特别关注传记文学的创作,在不同时期都写有自传,并创作了几部重要的人物传记,且对中外优秀的传记作品大加推介. 在考察中国古代传记文学时,林语堂从现代个体意识出发,发现了自然人性的流露和生命愉悦的存在. 在这样的发现里,他表达了对中国现代传记文学发展的构想:尊重人性的自然流露,在日常俗世中追求超越性,实现审美文化人格的建构.

  20. The Influence of Painting Theory of the Six Dynasties on Yu Xin’ Early Creation%六朝画论对庾信前期诗歌创作的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伊赛梅

    2014-01-01

    Generally speaking, Yu Xin’s early creation didn’t break away from the style of imperial court but refreshingly lucid style could be seen everywhere in his poems. Under the influence of Poets Xiao Gang and Xiao Yi, who advocated to reform writing mode, Yu Xin used painting theory in the Six Dynasties for reference. He successfully combined the painting skill with art principle in his poems and created beautiful and refreshing poetic flavor. His many new art skills and writing methods provided useful reference to the development of poetry creation in the Tang Dynasty.%庾信前期作品,虽说总体上不脱离宫体的窠臼,但清新之作随处可见。在萧氏兄弟力主革新的文风影响下,诗人借鉴六朝绘画理论,把画学的原则和技巧用之于诗,创造出绮丽、清新的诗境,并由此形成了许多新鲜的艺术技巧和手法,为唐代诗歌的发展提供了许多有益的借鉴。

  1. 韩愈《顺宗实录》的史传文学价值%On History Biography Value of "Shun Emperor Cases of Record" by Han Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢志勇

    2011-01-01

    Han Yu applied history-pen to the writing of "Shun cases of Record" with the spirit of the "Record",recording all the corruption cases about people and things of Shun Dynasty.This book Biographies for the crafty and fawning violent person,also for the Tadao Zhijian.Recording of events must be Careful Exceedingly.The whole story will be traced back to the narrative of the issue,and one view,with details of his life."Shun cases of Record",although not fully demonstrating the history only of Han Yu,it's value of historical literature should be affirmed.%韩愈兼善史笔,本"实录"之精神修撰《顺宗实录》,记载顺宗朝种种腐败的人和事,既为奸佞暴戾之人,亦为忠勇直谏之士立传;记事书法,必无所苟;一事之叙,必溯原委;一人之见,具详生平。《顺宗实录》虽没有充分展现韩愈的史才,但其史传文学的价值值得肯定。

  2. Collation on Shen Quanqi’s Yao Tongdu’s Five Passages of Yu Ling%沈佺期《遥同杜五过庾岭》考校

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭殿忱

    2014-01-01

    There were as many as 16 variants in Shen Quanqi ’s poem collection Yao Tongdu ’s Five Pas-sages of Yu Ling. Through a collation with “An Anthology of Tang Poems”, “the entire Tang poem”, the poems titles should be combined into “With Five Other Members Outside the Instance Du Yu Ling”. “Luopu scenery to jaw joint like nothing Chongshan Dan disease unbearable smell” has been regarded as the best; the neck joint word “Kite” is inferior to the word “man”; and the tail stock “Jiangshan”is superior to the word “spring”.%沈佺期《遥同杜五过庾岭》,异文多达16处。经与《唐诗别裁集》、《全唐诗》比勘校释,诗题应合为《遥同杜五员外审言过庾岭》。颔联似以“洛浦风光何所似?崇山瘅疫不堪闻”为佳;颈联出句中“鸢”字不若“人”字;尾联“江山”一词胜于“春风”一词。

  3. Qualitative screening of absorbed indoloquinazoline alkaloids and their metabolites in rat plasma after the oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction by high-resolution mass spectrometry with multiple data mining algorithms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Huarong; Geng, Yajing; Liu, Ran; Yuan, Ziyue; Liu, Xujia; Li, Qing; Bi, Kaishun

    2016-08-01

    A rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography with high-resolution mass spectrometry method with multiple data processing algorithms was developed and applied for the metabolite profiling of evodiamine and its analogous alkaloids in rat plasma after the administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction. All samples were purified using hydrophilic-lipophilic balanced solid-phase extraction cartridges and analyzed by a Sciex TripleTOF 5600(+) mass spectrometer with a 35 min liquid chromatography gradient elution. High-resolution full-scan mass spectrometry and information-dependent acquisition tandem mass spectrometry data were analyzed using multiple data processing approaches. The results indicated that the detected eight prototype alkaloids could be metabolized to 58 metabolites through both phase I and phase II reactions. Oxidation was demonstrated to be the principle metabolic pathway of the parent compounds. The study contributes to the understanding of the absorption and metabolism of the alkaloids in Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction and provides a detailed analysis of scientific data. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  4. Microstructural characterization of the stabilized fluorite phases formed in the Ca 1- yLa yU 2O 6+ x (0 ≤ y ≤ 0.8) system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Rebollo, E.; Herrero, P.; Rojas, R. M.

    1997-06-01

    The thermal behaviour and stability of the fluorite structure in the Ca 1- yLa yU 2O 6+ x (0 ≤ y ≤ 0.8) system during ageing have been studied by thermal analysis and X-ray powder diffraction. When the amount of La 3+ incorporated into the Ca 1- yLa yU 2O 6+ x structure is ≥ 0.6 the complete stabilization of the fluorite phase is achieved. This phase remains stable over the temperature range from room temperature-1400°C even after being submitted to long term give time. For lower amounts of La 3+ a mixture of cubic fluorite and calcium lanthanum diuranate solid solution is obtained on annealing. The microstructural characterization carried out by electron diffraction and high resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals short range order for the high temperature quenched materials. Annealing of the oxides leads to the formation of ordered nanodomains embedded within the fluorite matrix, but no ordered single phase is isolated. A hexagonal cell of a H = 3.8 and c H = 18.8 Å has been deduced for the domains.

  5. “The Old Principle”and the New Truth of Living---Re reading Sun Li’s Novella Tie Mu Qian zhuan%过日子的“老理儿”与新理儿*--重读孙犁中篇小说《铁木前传》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范家进

    2016-01-01

    创作于1950年代中期的孙犁中篇小说《铁木前传》在农村合作化题材小说中独树一帜。它没有直奔高歌猛进的时代主题,而是在对北方乡村百姓的“生活流”的描绘当中提炼作家对于时代主题的独特切入视角,从而巧妙地展现人际关系背后更深层的社会矛盾与人性冲突。%Written in the mid 1 950s,Sun Li ’s novella Tie Mu Qian zhuan (A Prequel of Black-smith and Carpenter),was a unique work among the rural cooperative novels.It did not go straight to the theme of the times which boasts the fast development,but expressed the writer’s unique perspective of the theme of his times by depicting northern country people’s “stream of life”,so as to show subtly the deep social contradictions and conflicts of human nature behind interpersonal relationships .

  6. Qian Zhongshu's Outlook on the Ego and the World and the Three Types of Realms of Classical Poems%“尔汝群物”与“强草木以还泪债”--从钱钟书的“物我”观看古典诗学中的三种境界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马涛

    2013-01-01

    Looking at the ego that presents us with different human nature and moral by observing the world ,Qian Zhongshu focuses on three types of relations between the ego and the world .One is the realm of "big ego"which combines all kinds of love for the world ,followed by the second being "big ego"which is selfish enough to conceal one's desire and last comes "non -ego" w hich show s the true nature of the world so as to reach the realm of harmony between heaven and nature .%钱钟书通过从“观物”之“我”所呈现出的不同心性修养入手,探讨了三种物我关系。第一种是具万物一体之爱的“大我”之境;第二种是“挟私蔽欲”的“小我”之境;第三种是呈现万物的本真情态,而达到天人合一的“无我”之境。

  7. 再论杨荫榆与女师大风潮%Rethinking on Yang Yin-yu and Agitation in Peking National Teachers College for Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    娄岙菲

    2015-01-01

    The great attention to the agitation in Peking National Teachers College for Women is relat-ed to the influence of Lu Xun.Previous investigation regarding the agitation no matter in terms of descrip-tion or comments has been at Lu’s standpoint,but leaving little space for Yang Yin-yu to have a say. While making comments on historical people,it is important to trace back to the historical process and con-sider more the multiple sides and complexity of human nature.Yang was the best choice as the college president given her knowledge and experience.Since the start of the agitation,Yang had been in an oppo-site position to the student autonomy committee of the college.Not until Yang fired six staff of the com-mittee including Xu Guang-ping etc.,out stepped teachers like Lu to support students publically.They portrayed Yang as one who was ignorant and reactionary and the agitation became a focus of the education field.Yang dealt with the agitation in a relatively harsh manner,even leading military police to keep students on campus.This made the students become the advantaged side and Yang had to resign.%杨荫榆与女师大风潮一直能受到特别的关注,与鲁迅本身的影响力有关。以往对此的考察,无论是对事件的描述还是评价,大都只站在鲁迅的立场,而未给杨荫榆一方以同等的发言机会。对历史人物的评价,重要的是回到历史过程中去,更多考虑到人性本身的多面和复杂性。杨荫榆无论在学识、资历、经验都可称得上是担任女校校长的绝佳人选。风潮开始后,杨与女师大学生自治会的对决,一直处于僵持状态。在开除包括许广平在内的六名自治会干事之后,鲁迅等多位教师才站出来公开支持学生,并将杨塑造为不学无术、反动落后的形象,女师大风潮逐渐成为教育界关注焦点。杨为了化解风潮,采取了相对决绝的方式,甚至带领军警入校执行封校命令,使学

  8. Towards a Framework of Digital Platform Disruption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazan, Erol; Tan, Chee-Wee; Lim, Eric T. K.

    2014-01-01

    Digital platforms are disruptive information technology (IT) artifacts that erode conventional business logic associated with traditional market structures. This paper presents a framework for examining the disruptive potential of digital platforms whereby we postulate that the strategic interplay...... of governance regimes and platform layers is deterministic of whether disruptive derivatives are permitted to flourish. This framework has been employed in a comparative case study between centralized (i.e., PayPal) and decentralized (i.e., Coinkite) digital payment platforms to illustrate its applicability...... and yield propositions on the nature and impact of digital platform disruptions. Preliminary findings indicate that centralized digital platforms attempt to create unique configurals to obtain monopolistic power by tightly coupling platform layers, which are difficult to replicate. Conversely, decentralized...

  9. Demand forecasting and information platform in tourism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yue; Jiang, Qi-Jie

    2017-05-01

    Information asymmetry and the bullwhip effect have been serious problems in the tourism supply chain. Based on platform theory, this paper established a mathematical model to explore the inner mechanism of a platform's influence on stakeholders' ability to forecast demand in tourism. Results showed that the variance of stakeholders' demand predictions with a platform was smaller than the variance without a platform, which meant that a platform would improve predictions of demand for stakeholders. The higher information-processing ability of the platform also had other effects on demand forecasting. Research on the inner logic of the platform's influence on stakeholders has important theoretical and realistic value. This area is worthy of further study.

  10. Platform economy in Denmark – precarious employment?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Stine; Madsen, Per Kongshøj

    This paper takes a labour market perspective on the emerging concept of the 'sharing economy' or 'platform economy', which we use as a more appropriate term for the phenomenon. Platform economy is in the article understood as those business models that have emerged since the millennium, where...... digital platforms serve as the link between persons wanting to make use of certain activities, services etc. and those owning them and we only have an interest in the work-related platforms. That means platforms, where paid work is offered and demanded. International examples of this new phenomenon...... of this paper is to examine the work-related activities in the Danish platform economy and discuss whether and to what extent these activities are to be considered precarious forms of employment. The paper begins with a discussion of the terms sharing economy and platform economy in order to reach...

  11. Education Platform at ZDM8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyman Gingerich, Jamie S; Pickart, Michael A; Pierret, Chris

    2016-04-01

    Interest among the zebrafish community in education and science accessibility for all ages has increased. At the 8th Annual Zebrafish Disease Models Conference (ZDM8), a specifically designed session enabled professional scientists, educators, and students to have a venue to present their science, discuss ideas in education, and partner to navigate a scientific meeting as an educational experience. This meeting report describes the format of the Platform Session as well as challenges and future plans to leverage impact of conferences on the local communities.

  12. Generational Transitions in Platform Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kretschmer, Tobias; Claussen, Jörg

    2016-01-01

    The introduction of a new product generation forces incumbents in platform markets to rebuild their installed base of complementary products. Using three different data sets on the U.S. market for video game consoles, we show that incumbents can, to some extent, substitute for rebuilding their new...... installed base by making their new products backward compatible, which lets them draw on the installed base of software for the parent generation. However, while this positive direct effect of backward compatibility dominates in our setting, we also observe a (weaker) negative indirect effect working...

  13. Autonomous Landing on Moving Platforms

    KAUST Repository

    Mendoza Chavez, Gilberto

    2016-08-01

    This thesis investigates autonomous landing of a micro air vehicle (MAV) on a nonstationary ground platform. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and micro air vehicles (MAVs) are becoming every day more ubiquitous. Nonetheless, many applications still require specialized human pilots or supervisors. Current research is focusing on augmenting the scope of tasks that these vehicles are able to accomplish autonomously. Precise autonomous landing on moving platforms is essential for self-deployment and recovery of MAVs, but it remains a challenging task for both autonomous and piloted vehicles. Model Predictive Control (MPC) is a widely used and effective scheme to control constrained systems. One of its variants, output-feedback tube-based MPC, ensures robust stability for systems with bounded disturbances under system state reconstruction. This thesis proposes a MAV control strategy based on this variant of MPC to perform rapid and precise autonomous landing on moving targets whose nominal (uncommitted) trajectory and velocity are slowly varying. The proposed approach is demonstrated on an experimental setup.

  14. Clinical research on treating Xiaoke Yinxu Zaore plus Yu syndrome with the Xiaoke Ping decoction%消渴平汤治疗消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周景妍

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To investigate clinical effects of the Xiaoke Ping decoction on Xiaoke Yinxu Zaore plus Yu syndrome. Methods: 40 patients with Xiaoke Yinxu Zaore plus Yu syndrome were randomly divided to the observation group and the control group, 20 cases for each group. The control group received biguanide sustained-release tablets. The observation group received the Xiaoke Ping decoction. 4 weeks for a course. During the treatment, clinical efficacy in two groups were observed. Results: The clinical symptoms in two groups were improved. The main symptoms, signs, physical and chemical inspection in the observation group were better than that in the control group. The total efficiency in the treatment group was higher. Conclusion: The Xiaoke Ping decoction was effective on Xiaoke Yinxu Zaore plus Yu syndrome, and worthy of promotion.%目的:分析消渴平汤对消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证的治疗效果。方法:收集40例消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证患者,随机分为观察组和对照组,每组各20例。对照组患者使用口服盐酸二甲双胍缓释片进行治疗,观察组患者口服消渴平汤进行治疗,4周为一个疗程,在治疗过程中观察患者的治疗效果。结果:两组患者的临床症状均有好转,但是观察组患者在主要症状、患者体征以及理化检查方面比对照组患者明显要好,同时观察组患者的总有效率也明显比对照组患者要高。结论:在对消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证患者治疗的过程中,使用消渴平汤能够更好的对患者进行治疗,同时治疗效果以及治疗总有效率也明显比使用传统盐酸二甲双胍缓释片进行治疗的患者高,在实际对消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证患者治疗的过程中值得推广应用。

  15. 基于二项检验的庾信五言诗篇调四声研究%On the Tonal Pattern of Yu Xin's Pentasyllabic Poems Based on Binomial Test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雯静

    2015-01-01

    This article divides Yu Xin's pentasyllabic -poems into 16 categories according to how many lines are there in one poem.All the calculation methods and approximate methods of the Binomial Test are used in this article.When observed the different -tone -positions within one five -character -sentence throughout one poem, it finds that 2&4 position is the most significant different -tone-position, 3&5 takes the second place.Observed the poem lines, 2&5 position is one of the most important different -tone-positions for Yu Xin; but observed from the whole poem, 2&5 position doesn't show any significance.When creating a penta-syllabic -poem,Yu Xin paid greatest attention to 2&4 position, trying to make the second and the fourth character of every poem line different.He also tended to make the third and fifth character of every poem line different in his long five -character-poems.%文章将庾信五言诗按照句联数划分为16类,运用二项检验的计算方法和近似方法,得出结论:从通篇调四声的角度观察庾信五言诗句内调四声情况,2&4位置是显著性最强的调四声位置,3&5位置次之;从诗句观察,2&5位置是庾信最重视的调四声位置之一,但从诗篇观察则不是;“五言诗通篇在2&4位置调四声”是庾信创作五言诗时最为讲究的一种“格律”;庾信还倾向于使篇幅较长的五言诗的第三字和第五字声调不同。

  16. 余嘉锡《四库提要辨证·神僧传》考证辨析%Yu Jiaxiˊs Textual Criticism and Discrimination on God Monk Biography of Four Abstract Dialectics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    元文广; 靳利翠

    2016-01-01

    余嘉锡所著《四库提要辨证》是对《四库全书总目》研究的重要成果.此书对《四库总目》中的 490余篇提要进行了辨证,提出不少宝贵意见,但也存在一些可以进一步讨论的问题.仅就《四库提要辨证·神僧传》条的考证思路、论据等进行讨论,认为余嘉锡先生从目录学角度讨论《神僧传》的撰者问题,其论述过程不够严谨,所提供论据存在问题,不能直接指向结论,因此,所得结论很难令人信服.从《神僧传》版本源流角度入手,用直接论据使《神僧传》撰者问题更加明确、所得结论《神僧传》为明成祖所撰集更具说服力.%Four Abstract Dialecticswritten by Yu Jiaxi is one important result of the research on 〞Four Abstract Dialectics〞. In this book,Yu made dialectical research on490 articles in General Catalogue of Si Ku QuanShu,presenting some valuable suggestions. However,there are some problems which need further discus-sion . The dialectical thought train and grounds of argument for God Monk Biography of Four Abstract Dialectics are one example that needs further discussion. Since he studied the author from the angle of its catalogue,Yuˊs argument process of Biography of God Monk was not precise,and grounds of argument he offered could not reach the conclusion,so his conclusion was unconvincing. If the study starts with the version source of Biogra-phy of God Monk,makes the author of God Monk Biography more clear with direct grounds,and thus reach a more persuasive conclusion that Biography of God Monk was written by Emperor Cheng Zu in Ming Dynasty.

  17. 安徽省蚌埠余家皮影戏的造型艺术考略%Research on the Art of Puppet Figure Design of Yu Family Shadow Play in Bengbu of Anhui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋蔚; 王倩

    2016-01-01

    Shadow play ’ s history and the evolution of shadow puppet are a synchronous process of develop -ment.Generations of artists gradually developed a set of convention and characteristics of creating puppet figures . Over a hundred odd years of inheriting and adjusting , carrying on the opera culture ’ s tradition of distinguishing the good and evil characters with different designs of puppet figures , as well as folk artists ’ aesthetic notions and styles of folk fine arts, Yu Family Shadow Play has developed a full set of formulaic puppet figure artistic models and graphic patterns , which are not the creation of a single individual , but a artistic convention passed on , developed and perfected by three generations of artists .Yu Family Shadow Play reflects substantially folk artists ’ figure desig-ning style where concrete life experiences and abstract notions are mingled together , vividly representing the history of Yu Family Shadow play ’ s development over a hundred odd years .%影偶的造型与影戏的演变历史是一个同步发展的过程。历代艺人通过不断的经验积累,受寺庙雕塑、壁画和戏剧的影响,吸收小说中人物的描写,逐步形成了一整套适用于影戏的造型规律和特征。在历经百余年的传承与腾挪变化后,蚌埠余家皮影戏除沿袭戏曲文化中对忠奸、正邪角色寓褒贬、别善恶于其上的造型传统外,糅合艺人的审美理念和民间美术等诸多元素,形成了一整套程式化的造型谱式和图案纹样,这种谱式并非某个人的独创,而是历经了三代艺人的学习、积累和创造逐渐完善定型的艺术程式。它质朴生动地折射出民间艺人集具象的生活经验和意象的审美理念于一体的造型艺术特征,生动地折射出蚌埠余家皮影戏百余年来的发展历程。

  18. 《奎章政要》真伪及虞、揭关系辨析%The Authenticity of Kuizhang Zheng Yao and the Relationship between Yu Ji and Jie Xisi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱江宁

    2013-01-01

      揭斯著《奎章政要》一书的说法,最早见于元末陶宗仪《辍耕录》“奎章政要”条。根据与揭斯同时的欧阳玄为揭斯写的墓志铭、黄蟳为揭斯写的神道碑可以确定,《奎章政要》是讹窜揭斯的《太平政要》所致。“奎章政要”条的描述逻辑乖谬,基本是杜撰,这与元季人士对虞集、揭斯才华的估定以及对他们的熟稔程度有关。人们以揭斯在《范先生诗序》中所提供的虞集关于“元诗四家”的诗评为导火索,对虞、揭关系的解读逐渐偏离事实,引发出许多讹谬。%The earliest mention of Jie Xisi's writing of the book Kuizhang Zheng Yao(《奎章政要》) can be found in Tao Zong yi's Chuo Geng Lu(《辍耕录》). From Jie's epitaph written by his contem-porary Ouyang Xuan and the inscriptions on his tombstone written by Huang Jin,we can conclude that Kuizhang Zheng Yao was actually Jie's Taiping Zheng Yao(《太平政要》). That is to say,the entry of Jie's Kuizhang Zheng Yao in Chuo Geng Lu was invented by its author Tao Zongyi,which is against the fact and logic. Tao's invention is due to the fact that scholars in the late Yuan Dynasty misinterpreted the talents of and the relationship between Yu Ji and Jie Xisi,which gave rise to many misleading ac-counts in that regard. Their interpretation of the relationship between Yu and Jie is based on the shaky foundation of their misunderstanding of Jie's review of Yu's poems in Fanxiansheng Shi Xu(《范先生诗序》).

  19. Platform development: implications for portfolio management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hsuan, Juliana; Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård

    2007-01-01

    " The challenge of implementing industrial platforms in practice can be described as a configuration problem caused by a considerable number of variables, which often have contradictory influences on the total performance of the firm. Consequently, the specific platform decisions become extremely...... a framework, based on the portfolio management thinking to evaluate the degree of modularity embedded in a given platform and to which extent it is aligned with other platforms."...... complex, possibly increasing the strategic risks for the firm. This paper reports preliminary findings on platform management process at LEGO, a Danish toy company. Specifically, we report the process of applying games combined with simulations and workshops in the platform development. We also propose...

  20. Digital platforms as enablers for digital transformation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hossain, Mokter; Lassen, Astrid Heidemann

    2017-01-01

    Digital platforms offer new ways for organizations to collaborate with the external environment for ideas, technologies, and knowledge. They provide new possibilities and competence but they also bring new challenges for organizations. Understanding the role of these platforms in digital...... transformation is crucial. This study aims at exploring how organizations are driven towards transformation in various ways to embrace digital platforms for ideas, technologies, and knowledge. It shows the opportunities and challenges digital platforms bring in organizations. It also highlights underlying...... mechanisms and potential outcomes of various digital platforms. The contribution of the submission is valuable for scholars to understand and further explore this area. It provides insight for practitioners to capture value through digital platforms and accelerate the pace of organizations’ digital...

  1. The Dynamics of Digital Platform Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eaton, Ben

    2016-01-01

    Curated platforms provide an architectural basis for third parties to develop platform complements and for platform owners to control their implementation as a form of open innovation. The refusal to implement complements as innovations can cause tension between platform owners and developers....... The dynamic concerning this control of innovation is not well understood in platform literature. This research attempts to address that gap by using qualitative methods to build narrative networks which analyze 45 examples of contested platform innovation. This approach, informed by empirical data sourced...... from 4664 blogs, identifies patterned sequences of actions describing tussles across the examples. Mechanisms are then identified, which explain how control is asserted and resisted. The principle contribution of this research is to describe and explain the dynamics of contested innovation on curated...

  2. "Movable platform" - the idea and energy consumption

    OpenAIRE

    Czesław PYPNO; Margielewicz, Jerzy; Gąska, Damian

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the application of the concept of moving sidewalks at railway stations (the movable platform) including the calculation of electricity consumption. Particular focus was placed on issue of energy profit and loss in two stages - through the loss (consumption) of energy by using a moving sidewalk at a railway station platform and the profit (reduced consumption) of energy, by the lack of having to start the train, that supports movable platform, from the initial speed of 0 km/h.

  3. Applied architecture patterns on the Microsoft platform

    CERN Document Server

    Dovgal, Andre; Noriskin, Gregor

    2014-01-01

    Presented in a scenario-driven tutorial way, we lead you through fictitious example problems and present you with the best solutions. This book is intended for architects, developers, and managers who need to improve their knowledge of the Microsoft application platform. This book will appeal to anyone, especially consultants, who want to get up to speed on selecting the most appropriate platform for a particular problem. A good understanding of the general Windows platform and development technologies would be helpful.

  4. Managing Clouds in Cloud Platforms

    CERN Document Server

    Ahmat, Kamal A

    2010-01-01

    Managing cloud services is a fundamental challenge in todays virtualized environments. These challenges equally face both providers and consumers of cloud services. The issue becomes even more challenging in virtualized environments that support mobile clouds. Cloud computing platforms such as Amazon EC2 provide customers with flexible, on demand resources at low cost. However, they fail to provide seamless infrastructure management and monitoring capabilities that many customers may need. For instance, Amazon EC2 doesn't fully support cloud services automated discovery and it requires a private set of authentication credentials. Salesforce.com, on the other hand, do not provide monitoring access to their underlying systems. Moreover, these systems fail to provide infrastructure monitoring of heterogenous and legacy systems that don't support agents. In this work, we explore how to build a cloud management system that combines heterogeneous management of virtual resources with comprehensive management of phys...

  5. Web platform for functional design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dijmarescu, M. R.; Dijmarescu, M. C.

    2015-11-01

    Today's global competitive trends, especially those related to industries, determine a much higher degree of pressure and demands for substantial innovation driven improvements, flexible and time sensitive solutions. Improving and optimizing the design activity by shortening its timeline and maintaining a high quality level for its output have become the main success factors. The evolution of design activity is strongly related to the evolution of education and research made in the design field. Thus, the development of web tools which can contain knowledge about mechanical products functionality and structure may be an important achievement for the education and industry. This paper presents a web platform which contains functional-constructive knowledge in the area of mechanical design field and was developed to support design activity. The proposed web tool can provide any user, even one without background in design theory, information about the functionality of products and the way it is related to the product structure.

  6. SERS sensors for DVD platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøgger, Anna Line

    This Ph.D. thesis explores the engineering of a portable sensor system for detection of rare and small molecules. The Ph.D. project is part of the research project 'Multi-Sensor DVD platform' (MUSE), aiming to integrate different sensors on a rotating disc. The sensors are chosen to complement each...... other, creating more reliable and stable results for the end user. The rotating disc comprises microfluidic channels, which can be utilized for handling and manipulating liquid samples such as blood or water. The focus of this Ph.D. thesis, is on the integration of one specific sensor on a rotating disc....... The sensor is based upon surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), which detects molecular vibrations. The aim of this thesis is to cover the different aspects of the sensor system. SERS substrates, consisting of nanopillars with gold or silver caps on top, have been fabricated by standard micro and nano...

  7. Platform for controlled supramolecular nanoassembly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czolkos, Ilja; Hannestad, Jonas K; Jesorka, Aldo; Kumar, Ravindra; Brown, Tom; Albinsson, Bo; Orwar, Owe

    2009-06-01

    We here present a two-dimensional (2D) micro/nano-fluidic technique where reactant-doped liquid-crystal films spread and mix on micro- and nanopatterned substrates. Surface-supported phospholipid monolayers are individually doped with complementary DNA molecules which hybridize when these lipid films mix. Using lipid films to convey reactants reduces the dimensionality of traditional 3D chemistry to 2D, and possibly to 1D by confining the lipid film to nanometer-sized lanes. The hybridization event was observed by FRET using single-molecule-sensitive confocal fluorescence detection. We could successfully detect hybridization in lipid streams on 250 nm wide lanes. Our results show that the number and density of reactants as well as sequence of reactant addition can be controlled within confined liquid crystal films, providing a platform for nanochemistry with potential for kinetic control.

  8. Quantum photonics hybrid integration platform

    CERN Document Server

    Murray, Eoin; Meany, Thomas; Flother, Frederick F; Lee, James P; Griffiths, Jonathan P; Jones, Geb A C; Farrer, Ian; Ritchie, David A; Bennet, Anthony J; Shields, Andrew J

    2015-01-01

    Fundamental to integrated photonic quantum computing is an on-chip method for routing and modulating quantum light emission. We demonstrate a hybrid integration platform consisting of arbitrarily designed waveguide circuits and single photon sources. InAs quantum dots (QD) embedded in GaAs are bonded to an SiON waveguide chip such that the QD emission is coupled to the waveguide mode. The waveguides are SiON core embedded in a SiO2 cladding. A tuneable Mach Zehnder modulates the emission between two output ports and can act as a path-encoded qubit preparation device. The single photon nature of the emission was veri?ed by an on-chip Hanbury Brown and Twiss measurement.

  9. Quantum photonics hybrid integration platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murray, E.; Floether, F. F. [Cambridge Research Laboratory, Toshiba Research Europe Limited, 208 Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 0GZ (United Kingdom); Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J.J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Ellis, D. J. P.; Meany, T.; Bennett, A. J., E-mail: anthony.bennet@crl.toshiba.co.uk; Shields, A. J. [Cambridge Research Laboratory, Toshiba Research Europe Limited, 208 Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 0GZ (United Kingdom); Lee, J. P. [Cambridge Research Laboratory, Toshiba Research Europe Limited, 208 Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 0GZ (United Kingdom); Engineering Department, University of Cambridge, 9 J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0FA (United Kingdom); Griffiths, J. P.; Jones, G. A. C.; Farrer, I.; Ritchie, D. A. [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J.J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom)

    2015-10-26

    Fundamental to integrated photonic quantum computing is an on-chip method for routing and modulating quantum light emission. We demonstrate a hybrid integration platform consisting of arbitrarily designed waveguide circuits and single-photon sources. InAs quantum dots (QD) embedded in GaAs are bonded to a SiON waveguide chip such that the QD emission is coupled to the waveguide mode. The waveguides are SiON core embedded in a SiO{sub 2} cladding. A tuneable Mach Zehnder interferometer (MZI) modulates the emission between two output ports and can act as a path-encoded qubit preparation device. The single-photon nature of the emission was verified using the on-chip MZI as a beamsplitter in a Hanbury Brown and Twiss measurement.

  10. An Investigation of Digital Payment Platform Designs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazan, Erol; Damsgaard, Jan

    2014-01-01

    platforms that combines platform, technology and business design aspects. The framework is applied to conduct a comparative case study of digital payment platforms. Four types of market actors are considered: banks, mobile network operators, merchants, and startups, which are incumbents and disrupters....... By hosting third-party services, payment instruments are evolving from single-purpose to multi-functional ones. Our research extends existing payment literature from the MSP perspective to emphasize certain digital payment platform components, which impact strategies and complementary products....

  11. Material platforms for integrated quantum photonics

    CERN Document Server

    Bogdanov, Simeon; Boltasseva, Alexandra; Shalaev, Vladimir M

    2016-01-01

    On-chip integration of quantum optical systems could be a major factor enabling photonic quantum technologies. Unlike the case of electronics, where the essential device is a transistor and the dominant material is silicon, the toolbox of elementary devices required for both classical and quantum photonic integrated circuits is vast. Therefore, many material platforms are being examined to host the future quantum photonic computers and network nodes. We discuss the pros and cons of several platforms for realizing various elementary devices, compare the current degrees of integration achieved in each platform and review several composite platform approaches.

  12. The Innovative Capabilities Of Digital Payment Platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazan, Erol

    2015-01-01

    the support for open innovation. The proposed model has been employed in a comparative case study between two digital payment platforms: Apple Pay and Google Wallet. The findings suggest that digital payment platforms make use of boundary resources to be highly integrative or integratable, which supports...... the intended conjoint commercialization efforts. Furthermore, the architectural design of digital platforms impacts the access to commercialization, resulting to an exclusion or inclusion strategy in accessing value opportunities. Our findings contribute to the open innovation and digital platform literature...

  13. MAHDUMKULU’YU ANLAMAK: A. ZEKİ VELİDİ TOGAN ÖRNEĞİ/UNDERSTANDING MAKHTUMGULI: A. ZEKİ VELİDİ TOGAN EXAMPLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tahir AŞİROV

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Tasavvuf meşrepli Türkmen şairi ve düşünürü Mahtumkulu’yu anlamak ve anlatmak, tarihî süreç içinde değişik zamanlarda ayrı ayrı ilim adamları tarafından istenmiştir. Bu bilimsel edim genel olarak iki yönden ele alınabilir. Bunların birincisi sufi şairin şiirlerinin yazmalarının doğru okunup belirlenmesi, diğeri ise anlamlarının bilinmesidir. Bunlar gerçekten de sorgulanması gereken konulardır. Kısacası birincisi anlamlar ya da kavramları oluşturucu kültürel birikimlerin yansıması olan yapıtın veya şiirin yayımlanmasıyla, diğeri ise şairin kelimelere yüklediği anlam ilgilidir. Şaire ait şiirlerin incelenerek yayımlanması şiir külliyatını anlamanın bir yönünü oluşturuyorsa, o günün sosyal – düşünce yapısının bilmek ise diğer tamamlayıcı tarafını oluşturduğu söylenebilir. Bu konu doğru yapıldığında veya anlamlandırıldığında XVIII. yüzyılın Türkmen bilinç ve düşünce yapısını belirlenmesinde olumlu etkisi olacaktır. Bu demektir ki, aklı önemseyen irfan ehlinden olan Türkmenlerin XVIII. yüzyıldaki bilinç ve düşünce yapısını bilmekle olumlu yaklaşım olabilir. Şairin şiirlerinin yayımlanması ve anlamlandırılması veya içeriği konusunda yol gösterici olan, diğer bir ifade ile bunu gerçekleştirmeye canı gönülden çalışan Ahmet Zeki Velidi Togan’ın yazılarını irdeleyerek belirlemeye çalışacağız. Togan’ın kültürel ortam ve olanakları kullanarak kendisinden önce ve zamanesindeki Mahtumkulu’nun şiirlerinin neşri ve şair hakkındaki betimlemeleri eleştirel değerlendirmelerine geniş yer verilecektir ve başvurulacaktır. Bununla beraber Togan Mahtumkulu’nun şiirlerini kapsamlı olarak ilk defa Orenburg’da 1913 senesinde Şura mecmuasının 12.-17. sayılarında yayımlanması ve şairi “Mahtumkulu’nun şiirleri dinî olmakla beraber “meşrep” veya “Ahmed Yesevi” gibi halis tasavvuf

  14. 格理论指导下的《项羽本纪》兼语式%Analysis on Pivotal Structure in Biographic Sketches of Emperor Xiang Yu under the Guidance of Case Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马王储; 王显志

    2015-01-01

    兼语式是汉语特有的一种结构形式,《项羽本纪》采用大量兼语式式,其文学语言具有很高的艺术价值和研究价值。乔姆斯基提出的普遍语法格理论为兼语式名称、范围、存废问题的研究提供了理论依据。%Pivotal structure is a special kind of sentence structure in Chinese language ,it adapted many piv‐otal sentence structure in Biographic Sketches of Emperor Xiang Yu ,which is of high aesthetic and re‐search value .The Case theory provides theoretical basis for the discussion of pivotal structure .

  15. Problemas y métodos para la enseñanza del inglés como segunda lengua a los hablantes del mek-a-tel-yu en la provincia de Limón

    OpenAIRE

    Wright M, Fernando

    2006-01-01

    En este estudio presentaré un esbozo descriptivo del inglés criollo conocido como mek-a-tél-yu (M) que se habla en la provincia de Limón. Mencionaré algunos de los obstáculos que el hablante de esta lengua encuentra en el aprendizaje del inglés normativo que se enseña a nivel de secundaria en Costa Rica y sugeriré métodos y técnicas que el educador podría implementar para mejorar la enseñanza del inglés. 

  16. 降成本增效益在峪耳崖矿业公司的应用%Application of decreasing cost and increasing benefit principle in Yu'erya mining company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范秀凤; 张晓春

    2013-01-01

    成本管理是企业管理的重中之重。加强基础管理,千方百计降低成本成了矿业公司内部完成利润指标的法宝。阐述了峪耳崖矿业公司近几年的成本管理体系和标准化成本管理的基本思路,提出生产成本控制措施。%Cost management is the vital part of the overall management of an enterprise .Enhancing basic manage-ment and lowering costs has become the key for companies to fulfill internally expected profits .The paper states funda-mental ideas Yu'erya company adopts for cost management system and normalizing its cost management ,and put for-ward measures to control production costs .

  17. Functional Mechanism of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan in Resisting Menalgia No. 4 Hospital of Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province%少腹逐瘀丸抗痛经作用机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺克; 刘姣; 李清

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察少腹逐瘀丸对缩宫素诱发小鼠痛经的镇痛作用及作用机制.方法:取KM小鼠50只,随机分为空白对照组、模型组、丹莪妇康煎膏组、少腹逐瘀丸高剂量组及低剂量组.除空白对照组外,其余各组小鼠灌胃给药同时灌服乙烯雌酚,连续7天.末次给药30 min后,除空白对照组外,其余各组小鼠腹腔注射缩宫素,观察小鼠离体子宫平滑肌收缩变化,小鼠30 min内扭体反应次数,并检测小鼠血浆血栓烷B2(TXB2)、6-酮-前列腺素F1α(6-Keto-PGF1α)及血清超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)、丙二醛(MDA)含量.结果:少腹逐瘀丸能够明显抑制缩宫素诱导小鼠离体子宫平滑肌收缩(P<0.05),使痛经小鼠扭体反应次数有降低趋势,但差异无显著性(P>0.05),并能明显降低小鼠血浆TXB2含量(P<0.05),明显升高血浆6-Keto-PGF1α含量(P<0.05),显著降低血清MDA含量(P<0.01),明显升高血清SOD含量(P<0.05).结论:少腹逐瘀丸对缩宫素诱导小鼠痛经模型具有较好治疗作用,其作用可能与调节TXB2/6-Keto-PGF1α比值、抗氧化有关.%Objective: to observe the analgesic effect and the functional mechanism of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan on oxytocin - induced menalgia of mice. Method: 50 KM mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, soft extract group of Dan'e Fukang, high dose and low dose groups of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan, all of which, except the first group, were given intragastric administration and diethylstilbestrol for 7 days successively, then in-traperitoneal injection with oxytocin 30 minutes after the last administration, for the purpose to observe the contraction changes of the uterus smooth muscle in vitro, frequency of writhing response in 30 minutes and the following contents: TXB2 , 6 - Keto - PGF1, SOD and MDA. Results: Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan could inhibit significantly the muscle contraction of the uterus in vitro induced by oxytocin ( P 0. 05 ), significantly decrease TXB2( P <0. 05

  18. 情结与指向:郁达夫小说的现代性内蕴%Complex and Intention:Modern Connotations of Yu Dafu’s Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓在艳; 聂和平

    2015-01-01

    Lonely wandering is Yu Dafu’s wanderer attitude and he also gives the same attitude to the heroes in his works. The journey of“He”,“She”and“Y man”to Japan in The Fall is just closely connected with the lonely wandering. In the emotion tone of his works, his national dream and yardstick of females as leads weave an existence land:co-living between wandering and loneliness, coexistence between soothing and vacillation. The paper studies Yu Dafu’s wandering and end-result, soothing and vacillation through analyzing parts of his works to proifle their modern connotations.%孤独的漂泊是郁达夫的行者姿态,同时也将这种姿态赋予其作品中的主人公。《沉论》中“他”“伊人”“丫君”的东洋之行正与这种郁式特有的行者姿态紧密相连。在其作品的情绪基调中,郁达夫式的民族梦想和衡量女性的尺度作为引子缀起了其作品主人公的生存之境——飘零与孤独共生、游移与渴望并存。文章将以郁达夫的部分作品来探视郁达式的飘零与归宿、寄情与游移,从而分析、探讨并彰显其现代性内蕴。

  19. Cloning and Sequencing of glnB and glnZ Genes from Azospirillum brasilense%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 glnB基因和glnZ基因的克隆和序列分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈三凤; 杨红; 王娟; 李季伦

    2000-01-01

    glnB基因编码的PII蛋白在巴西固氮螺菌的固氮过程中起着非常重要的调控作用,而glnZ是与glnB高度同源的基因,其产物 Pz可能也在固氮调控中起作用.本研究用PCR法克隆了巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 glnB基因和glnZ基因.DNA序列分析表明glnB和glnZ这2个基因的编码区的长度都为336 bp,编码112个氨基酸.将巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 菌株与标准菌株Sp7的glnB基因和glnZ基因分别进行比较,结果表明这2个菌株的glnB基因在编码区的核苷酸顺序完全相同,而glnZ基因在长336 bp的编码区内有4个碱基发生变化,但改变后都是同义密码子,即编码的氨基酸并未改变.glnB基因和glnZ基因在核苷酸顺序上的同源性高达73.2%,氨基酸顺序的同源性达66.7%.

  20. The Position of Dong Yu Zheng Gui in the History of Japanese Education in China%《东语正规》在中国日语教育史上的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲜明

    2011-01-01

    《东语正规》是中国日语教育史上具有划时代意义的一部教材。与此前中国人编写的日语教材仅仅收录日语单词和日常用语相比,《东语正规》详细讲解了日语的语音和语法,对日语的品词进行了细致的划分,标志着中国人的日语学习开始逐渐走向科学和系统。从该书使用的语言学术语来看,该书既参考了当时日语语法书的术语,也借鉴并使用了中国传统语言学的术语来解释相关日语语言现象。%Dong Yu Zheng Gui was an epoch-making textbook in the history of Japanese education in China. Compared with the former Japanese textbook composed by Chinese authors, Dong Yu Zheng Gui gave a detailed description of the phonetics and grammar of Japanese and explained the parts of speech in Japanese in great detail to the Chinese, which indicates that the Chinese had begun to learn Japanese in a scientific and systematic way. From the perspective of the linguistic terminologies in this textbook, we can discover that not only the terminologies in Japanese grammar books at that time but also the terminologies of traditional Chinese were used to explain some linguistic phenomena in Japanese.

  1. Discussion about the Success and Failure of Qian Mu’ s Research Methods in the Ancient Historical Geology---Based on the Methods in Geography Research in Early Zhou Dynasty%钱穆考论古史地理研究方法得失论衡--以《周初地理考》的研究方法为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨兆贵; 赵殷尚

    2015-01-01

    钱穆考论古史地理,并不单纯考证地名、地理,他的古史地理研究不属于传统的“地名簿记之学”,而是人文地理学研究的典范。他在《周初地理考》一文中提出周人由山西往陕西迁徙、发展的看法,成为研究周初发展的重要一说。该文运用一些研究古史地理的方法,包括地名研究法,地名迁移,“人以地名,非地以人名”;地望研究法,考论古史地望、人事要结合当时历史条件,以诗释史,运用声韵学等。虽自圆其说,但在研究方法、阐释文献、处理神话与历史的关系等方面都有不足,如:在研究方法上犯了“征之于古迹”“求之于音似”两大毛病;在处理神话方面,把神话人物当作历史人物,没有运用考古资料。这些限制了该文的学术成就。%In his research on the ancient historical geology, Qian Mu didn’ t examine place names and geology only; his researches did not belong to traditional bookkeeping of the place names, but to human geography. In Geography Research in Early Zhou Dynasty, Qian Mu pointed out that Zhou clan who had originally lived in Shanxi province moved to and developed in Shaanxi province, which was an important explanation of how Zhou clan moved in early Zhou Dynasty. In the book, he employed some research methods for studying ancient historical geology, such as toponymy method, place name transfer, people being named after place names rather than place being named after people, location research, examination of the ancient historical geology, people and events with relative historical conditions, the use of poetry to explain history, the usage of phonology and the like. Though he had made out a good case for himself, he had some shortcomings in research method, document explanation, and dealing with the relationship between mythology and history. For example, in research method, he relied on historic sites and similar sounds

  2. Offshore Wind Park Connection to an HVDC Platform, without using an AC Collector Platform

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad, Haseeb

    2012-01-01

    This thesis investigates the comparison between two different alternating current topologies of an offshore wind farms connection to an offshore high voltage direct current (HVDC) converter platform. The offshore high voltage direct current converter platform converts alternating current into direct current. Two different topologies will be investigated. In the first topology, the offshore wind farms are connected to an HVDC converter platform through offshore AC collector platform. An offsho...

  3. 我国创新人才培养与思维方式转型进路--从李约瑟难题到钱学森之问%Education of Innovative Talents and Strategy of Thinking Mode Transition:From Joseph Needham Puzzle to Qian Xuesen’ s Question

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何孟杰

    2016-01-01

    李约瑟难题与钱学森之问的核心都是创新人才培养问题。而思维方式是创新人才的核心要素,中国传统思维方式重类比、模糊与整体,西方思维方式重演绎、精确与分析;二者的差异是中国近现代科技发展和创新人才培养落后的一个重要原因。因此解决创新人才培养问题的一个关键是变革思维方式,变革的当务之急为融会中西思维方式,长期展望则需占领认知科学高地。%Joseph Needham Puzzle and Qian Xuesen ’ s Question are mainly concerned about the education of innovative talents, and the mode of thinking has played a key role in both questions. The mode of thinking in the West attaches importance to logical deduction, accuracy, mechanical and analysis, while the traditional mode of thinking in China pays more attention to analogy, fuzziness and the organic integrity. The history of science and technology shows that these differences can be described as one of the main reasons for the backwardness in education of creative talents in modern China. The key to solving the problem in innovative talents education is to transform the mode of thinking, for which we must take two steps. The first step is to popularize the thinking tools that are absorbed from the best of China and West, and the other one is to strategically stay in the forefront research field of thinking.

  4. Pragmatic analysis of traditional Chinese short cartoons---Applying Qian Guanlian′s Pragmatic Theory to analyzing Jia′er Selling Apricots%中国传统动画短片的语用学分析--运用钱冠连“三带一理论”分析《贾二卖杏》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王钰; 刘金梅

    2013-01-01

    Animation production needs more creation of the story plot and language besides the technical support .Creativity and inspiration derive from the artists′experience in real life or what they have witnessed and heard in daily lives .The Chinese traditional short cartoon, with its unique design of the text creativity and story ideas , plays an important role in today′s anima-tion industry.This paper takes the text of the short cartoon “Jia′Er Sells Apricots” as the example of analysis, which is pro-duced by Nanjing Film Produce Plant in 1984.The authors have employed the pragmatic theory developed by Qian Guanlian to analyze the construction mode of the conversational texts and to elaborate their linguistic features so as to explore the pragmatic value of the traditional Chinese short cartoon′s conversational text.%  动画片的制作,除了需要技术支撑,更需要优秀的故事情节和文字创意。中国传统动画在文本创意和故事构想设计上具有其独到之处,并在今天的动画业界依然适用。本文以1984年由南京电影制片厂出品的动画短片《贾二卖杏》的文本为例,依据钱冠连的语用学“三带一理论”分析中国传统动画短片中会话语言的构建模式,并阐述其文本特点,旨在探索中国传统动画短片会话文本的语用价值。

  5. Analysis of Spontaneousness and Social Factor of Forming Xishui “Industrial Park” in the Qian-Jia period in the Qing Dynasty%乾嘉时期习水“工业园区”形成的自然、社会因素探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎洌

    2015-01-01

    清乾隆嘉庆时,袁锦道在习水三岔河新建了数十间工业作坊,为封闭的黔北开启通往现代化的大门。从康熙二十年后黔北长期的社会稳定和经济繁荣是袁锦道成功的经济基础,赤水河流域的自然生态条件及形成的人文环境是重要的文化和物质基础,而人口的迅猛增长和交通条件的改善为劳动力的转移和产品的销售提供了有利的契机。正是各种因素的聚合和敏锐的前瞻意识,成就了袁锦道的事业,成为黔北历史辉煌的一页。%In the Qian -Jia period in the Qing Dynasty, Yuan Jindao established tens of industrial workshops on the Sishui Sancha River, making the then quite closed north area of Guizhou open to mod-ernization. In over 20 years of Kang Xi power, the social stability of long standing and economic flourish formed the economic base of Yuan Jindao’ s success. The natural ecology along the Chishui Valye and humanity environment it formed were the important cultural and material basis of his success and the speedy growth of population and improvement of traffic condition provided opportunities for the transfer of labour power and the sale of products. It is because of the aggregation of many factors and his acute pre-monitory sense that made Yuan Jindao’ s undertaking successful, leaving a glorious page in the history of the north area of Guizhou.

  6. Winning Respect with His Effort in Reviving Traditional Chinese Opera ——Qian Nanyang and His Study on Chinese Opera%戏曲宏扬举世尊——钱南扬和他的戏曲研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗怀明

    2012-01-01

    Qian Nanyang is a scholar cultivated through the new system of higher education and academy,and his whole life has been dedicated to studying folk art.His academic research is characterized by professionalness and exactness,which represents the new trend of research.In the field of South Opera study,he is universally acknowledged as a pioneer and master,credited with the highest achievement in the 20the century.He has also achieved considerably in the study of Ming legends and opera.%钱南扬是在新的高等教育和学术制度下培养出来的一代学人,受时代学术文化因素的重要影响,其一生治学兴趣主要集中在民间文艺这一领域。其治学具有专和精的特点,体现着现代学术的新变,他的成功既是个人努力的结果,也离不开恩师吴梅的指点和帮助。在南戏研究方面,钱南扬是学界公认的开拓者和集大成者,代表着20世纪南戏研究的最高成就。在明代传奇及曲谱研究方面,他也同样取得了不俗的成就。

  7. The Inheritance and Development of Jian ChaoLiang to the Theory of Zhu CiQi---The Discussion with Qian Mu%简朝亮对朱次琦学说的传承与发展--兼与钱穆先生榷议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张纹华

    2015-01-01

    无论是重塑朱次琦的经师人师形象,接着朱次琦的“四行”、“五学”往下说,还是遍注儒家经典,简朝亮都是结合新的社会形势,朝着朱次琦学说的既定目标、具体路径为它输进新内容,使获得了较大发展的朱次琦学说延至民国中后期,并与同出一门的康有为别出的岭南近现代新儒学产生尖锐冲突,呈现岭南儒学近代转型的复杂性、艰巨性。因此,钱穆认为简朝亮未能传承朱次琦之学,实是未能抓住简朝亮经学生涯乃至朱次琦学说的要害。%Combined with new social situation ,Jian Chaoliang reshaped Zhu Ciqi’s image of being a teacher , investigated Zhu’s“four actions of morality cultivation” and“five areas of studies” and then he annotated many classics of the Confucian school .He followed Zhu’s set goals and roads ,and input new contents , extending Zhu’s theory to the semi-late period of the Republic of China .It had sharp conflict with the new Confucian school in Lingnan ,reflecting its complexity and hardship .Therefore ,Qian Mu’s view of Jian Chaoliang’s failing to inherit Zhu’ s theory failed to understand the gist of Jian Chaoliang ’ s academic thoughts ,nor the theory of Zhu Ciqi .

  8. 77 FR 20558 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Platform Lifts for Motor Vehicles; Platform Lift...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-05

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AJ93 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Platform Lifts for Motor Vehicles; Platform Lift Installations in Motor Vehicles AGENCY: National.... SUMMARY: This document adopts amendments to the Federal motor vehicle safety standards on platform...

  9. Efficient High Performance Computing on Heterogeneous Platforms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shen, J.

    2015-01-01

    Heterogeneous platforms are mixes of different processing units in a compute node (e.g., CPUs+GPUs, CPU+MICs) or a chip package (e.g., APUs). This type of platforms keeps gaining popularity in various computer systems ranging from supercomputers to mobile devices. In this context, improving their

  10. MCloud platform - common government informational infrastructure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia CEBOTARU

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available MCloud platform is foreseen for the exclusive use by the central administrative authorities and organizational structures within their jurisdiction, subordinated to the Government and is an innovative delivery model based on infrastructure consumption, platform and software as services

  11. Efficient High Performance Computing on Heterogeneous Platforms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shen, J.

    2015-01-01

    Heterogeneous platforms are mixes of different processing units in a compute node (e.g., CPUs+GPUs, CPU+MICs) or a chip package (e.g., APUs). This type of platforms keeps gaining popularity in various computer systems ranging from supercomputers to mobile devices. In this context, improving their ef

  12. Platform Expansion Design as Strategic Choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staykova, Kalina S.; Damsgaard, Jan

    2016-01-01

    the main characteristics of the two approaches and to identify the potential trade-offs associated with the selection of particular expansion mode. To this end, we construct the Platform Strategy Framework and apply it to two exemplary cases – WeChat, which functions as a feature bundling platform...

  13. Reflection on Foreign Languages Network Teaching Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIANG Yuan

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to build awareness in applying foreign languages network teaching platform to higher education. Teachers rationally use foreign languages network teaching platform to hold an initiative concept, establish a cooperative and in-teractive learning atmosphere, and a prompt and dynamic assessment system.

  14. Maximal workload capacity on moving platforms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heus, R.; Wertheim, A.H.

    1996-01-01

    Physical tasks on a moving platform required more energy than the same tasks on a non-moving platform. In this study the maximum aerobic performance (defined as V_O2max) of people working on a moving floor was established compared to the maximal aerobic performance on a non-moving floor. The main

  15. Maximal workload capacity on moving platforms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heus, R.; Wertheim, A.H.

    1996-01-01

    Physical tasks on a moving platform required more energy than the same tasks on a non-moving platform. In this study the maximum aerobic performance (defined as V_O2max) of people working on a moving floor was established compared to the maximal aerobic performance on a non-moving floor. The main qu

  16. PLATFORM SETS FIVE-YEAR GOALS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    THE 100,000-word Platform for Action adopted on September 15, 1995, at the UN Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, includes six chapters of more than 300 paragraphs. The Platform reviews and evaluates the progress of women since the adoption of the "Nairobi Forward-Looking

  17. A Simulation Platform for Localization and Mapping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sejerøe, Thomas Hanefeld; Poulsen, Niels Kjølstad; Ravn, Ole

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we present a simulation platform for evaluate methods for simultaneous location and mapping. The platform is based on The Kalmtool 3 toolbox which is a set of MATLAB tools for state estimation for nonlinear systems. The toolbox contains functions for extended Kalman filtering as wel...

  18. Selecting a Virtual World Platform for Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, Russell W.; Butler, Brian S.

    2009-01-01

    Like any infrastructure technology, Virtual World (VW) platforms provide affordances that facilitate some activities and hinder others. Although it is theoretically possible for a VW platform to support all types of activities, designers make choices that lead technologies to be more or less suited for different learning objectives. Virtual World…

  19. The Innovative Capabilities Of Digital Payment Platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazan, Erol

    2015-01-01

    the support for open innovation. The proposed model has been employed in a comparative case study between two digital payment platforms: Apple Pay and Google Wallet. The findings suggest that digital payment platforms make use of boundary resources to be highly integrative or integratable, which supports...

  20. Platform Expansion Design as Strategic Choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staykova, Kalina S.; Damsgaard, Jan

    2016-01-01

    the main characteristics of the two approaches and to identify the potential trade-offs associated with the selection of particular expansion mode. To this end, we construct the Platform Strategy Framework and apply it to two exemplary cases – WeChat, which functions as a feature bundling platform...

  1. Venus Atmospheric Maneuverable Platform (VAMP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polidan, R.; Lee, G.; Sokol, D.; Griffin, K.; Bolisay, L.; Barnes, N.

    2014-04-01

    Over the past years we have explored a possible new approach to Venus upper atmosphere exploration by applying recent Northrop Grumman (non-NASA) development programs to the challenges associated with Venus upper atmosphere science missions. Our concept is a low ballistic coefficient (aircraft that deploys prior to entering the Venus atmosphere, enters the Venus atmosphere without an aeroshell, and provides a long-lived (months to years), maneuverable vehicle capable of carrying science payloads to explore the Venus upper atmosphere. VAMP targets the global Venus atmosphere between 55 and 70 km altitude and would be a platform to address VEXAG goals I.A, I.B, and I.C. We will discuss the overall mission architecture and concept of operations from launch through Venus arrival, orbit, entry, and atmospheric science operations. We will present a strawman concept of VAMP, including ballistic coefficient, planform area, percent buoyancy, inflation gas, wing span, vehicle mass, power supply, propulsion, materials considerations, structural elements, subsystems, and packaging. The interaction between the VAMP vehicle and the supporting orbiter will also be discussed. In this context, we will specifically focus upon four key factors impacting the design and performance of VAMP: 1. Science payload accommodation, constraints, and opportunities 2. Characteristics of flight operations and performance in the Venus atmosphere: altitude range, latitude and longitude access, day/night performance, aircraft performance, performance sensitivity to payload weight 3. Feasibility of and options for the deployment of the vehicle in space 4. Entry into the Venus atmosphere, including descent profile, heat rate, total heat load, stagnation temperature, control, and entry into level flight We will discuss interdependencies of the above factors and the manner in which the VAMP strawman's characteristics affect the CONOPs and the science objectives. We will show how the these factors provide

  2. Reinventing the Platform Core Through Acquisition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toppenberg, Gustav; Henningsson, Stefan; Eaton, Ben

    2016-01-01

    Digital platform leaders need to continuously innovate the platform core to drive the technological trajectory of the overall architecture and business system, of which the platform is a core element. This papers analyses the potential of and challenges to completing this task through...... the acquisition and integration of companies presenting innovative technologies of relevance to the platform core. Using a revelatory case study of Cisco Systems, we develop the explanatory notion of ‘coring acquisition’. In this type of acquisition value is created through the acquisition of companies...... that provide products external to the acquirer that can be assimilated into the platform core. This creates value through the transformational process that we term ‘coring’. We also analyze how the benefits of coring acquisitions are contingent on challenges concerning the integration of acquisitions offering...

  3. Peer-to-Peer Service Sharing Platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Magnus; Hjalmarsson, Anders; Avital, Michel

    2013-01-01

    The sharing economy has been growing continuously in the last decade thanks to the proliferation of internet-based platforms that allow people to disintermediate the traditional commercial channels and to share excess resources and trade with one another effectively at a reasonably low transaction...... cost. Whereas early peer-to-peer platforms were designed to enable file sharing and goods trading, we recently witness the emergence of a new breed of peer-to-peer platforms that are designed for ordinary service sharing. Ordinary services entail intangible provisions and are defined as an economic...... activity that generates immaterial benefits and does not result in ownership of material goods. Based on a structured analysis of 41 internet-based rideshare platforms, we explore and layout the unique characteristics of peer-to-peer service sharing platforms based on three distinct temporal patterns...

  4. ENERCA: e-learning platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Aguilar-Martínez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available ENERCA (the European Network for Rare and Congenital Anemias is a European Commission funded project since 2002. Rare anaemias in Europe comprise haemoglobin disorders, such as thalassemias or sickle cell disease, and other rarer disorders, including inherited diseases of the red cell membrane, of the red cell enzymes, as well as anaemias related to disorders of iron metabolism. Education and training on rare anaemias is one of the main objectives of ENERCA and several educational initiatives have been undertaken during the past and present phases of the project. Among these, the organisation of courses for health professionals, the provision of videos with prevention messages for patients and general practitioners were part of the previous phase, ENERCA 3. In the current phase of the ENERCA project, called e-ENERCA, the workpackage dedicated to Education and Training mainly focuses on training of young physicians, biologists or scientists in the field of diagnosis and management of rare anaemias. The specificity of e-ENERCA is to be based principally on new communication e-tool. Two main educational axes will be developed: the organisation of on-site courses including interactive sessions with voting boxes and the implementation of an online e-learning platform.

  5. Basin Assessment Spatial Planning Platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2017-07-26

    The tool is intended to facilitate hydropower development and water resource planning by improving synthesis and interpretation of disparate spatial datasets that are considered in development actions (e.g., hydrological characteristics, environmentally and culturally sensitive areas, existing or proposed water power resources, climate-informed forecasts). The tool enables this capability by providing a unique framework for assimilating, relating, summarizing, and visualizing disparate spatial data through the use of spatial aggregation techniques, relational geodatabase platforms, and an interactive web-based Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Data are aggregated and related based on shared intersections with a common spatial unit; in this case, industry-standard hydrologic drainage areas for the U.S. (National Hydrography Dataset) are used as the spatial unit to associate planning data. This process is performed using all available scalar delineations of drainage areas (i.e., region, sub-region, basin, sub-basin, watershed, sub-watershed, catchment) to create spatially hierarchical relationships among planning data and drainages. These entity-relationships are stored in a relational geodatabase that provides back-end structure to the web GIS and its widgets. The full technology stack was built using all open-source software in modern programming languages. Interactive widgets that function within the viewport are also compatible with all modern browsers.

  6. The ideal hydrogen demonstration platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alt, J. [Village Technology, Annapolis, MD (United States)

    2007-07-01

    This paper suggested that the best platform to demonstrate hydrogen's capability as an emission-free fuel regime is an urban pedestrian system. The on-grade bi-directional downtown people-mover was designed to fit in existing street-scapes without eliminating traffic lanes. The system is comprised of rubber-tired tram-buses that are synchronized to arrive at stop-boarding areas at the same time in order to provide a seamless headway along a single, dedicated guide-lane. The system was designed to operate along strategic urban corridors in order to reduce traffic congestion and air pollution. The vehicles are inductively charged with fixed fuel cell generators at stop-boarding areas. A single people-mover has the capacity to replace several thousand car trips and parking movements per day, or 8000 tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}). It was concluded that the system was designed to dovetail with fuel cell generator stations planned for private vehicles as they begin to be converted in the future. 8 figs.

  7. Comparison of Hybrid Cross-Platform Mobile Applications with Native Cross-Platform Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NOVAC Ovidiu Constantin

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present two types of cross platform mobile applications, we will look at the advantages and disadvantages of each one. Hybrid applications are HTML5/Javascript applications which are given a native device wrapper in order to be able to run as a stand-alone application, rather than a web page which has to be rendered in the web browser. These types of application look the same on each platform they are deployed to. Native cross platform applications offers platform-like styling, making almost impossible to tell the difference between a native and a cross platform application.

  8. Reliability of plantar pressure platforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hafer, Jocelyn F; Lenhoff, Mark W; Song, Jinsup; Jordan, Joanne M; Hannan, Marian T; Hillstrom, Howard J

    2013-07-01

    Plantar pressure measurement is common practice in many research and clinical protocols. While the accuracy of some plantar pressure measuring devices and methods for ensuring consistency in data collection on plantar pressure measuring devices have been reported, the reliability of different devices when testing the same individuals is not known. This study calculated intra-mat, intra-manufacturer, and inter-manufacturer reliability of plantar pressure parameters as well as the number of plantar pressure trials needed to reach a stable estimate of the mean for an individual. Twenty-two healthy adults completed ten walking trials across each of two Novel emed-x(®) and two Tekscan MatScan(®) plantar pressure measuring devices in a single visit. Intraclass correlation (ICC) was used to describe the agreement between values measured by different devices. All intra-platform reliability correlations were greater than 0.70. All inter-emed-x(®) reliability correlations were greater than 0.70. Inter-MatScan(®) reliability correlations were greater than 0.70 in 31 and 52 of 56 parameters when looking at a 10-trial average and a 5-trial average, respectively. Inter-manufacturer reliability including all four devices was greater than 0.70 for 52 and 56 of 56 parameters when looking at a 10-trial average and a 5-trial average, respectively. All parameters reached a value within 90% of an unbiased estimate of the mean within five trials. Overall, reliability results are encouraging for investigators and clinicians who may have plantar pressure data sets that include data collected on different devices.

  9. Cloning and Sequencing of glnZ and the other Genes Clustered Around glnZ from Azospirillum brasilense Yu62%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 glnZ基因及其相邻基因的克隆和序列分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈三凤; 杨红; 李季伦

    2001-01-01

    通过原位杂交从巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillum brasilense)Yu62的基因组文库中获得glnZ基因的阳性克隆,对该阳性克隆进行亚克隆和序列分析,结果表明glnZ基因位于3.7 kb的SaLI片段上。glnZ基因编码区长336 bp,编码的产物是Pz蛋白,由112个氨基酸组成,分子量为1.12 kD。用Blastax 软件对Pz蛋白的氨基酸序列在GenBank数据库中进行同源比较,结果表明Pz蛋白与其它几种固氮菌及大肠杆菌的GlnK蛋白的同源性(identities)达66%以上;与 PII蛋白的同源性达64%以上。glnZ基因上游是部分ubiH-like 基因,与E.coli ubiH基因 (编码辅酶Q,ubiquinone)N-端有31%的同源性(identity)和50%相似性(similarity);glnZ基因下游是aat-like基因,与E.coli和 Bacillus subtilis aat基因(编码天冬氨酸氨基转移酶, aspartate aminotransferase)有同源性和相似性都为26% 和42%;aat-like基因下游是部分ftsK-like基因,与E.coli ftsK基因 (编码肽聚糖, peptidoglycan)N-端有42%同源性和56%相似性。这几个基因在GenBank中的登录号是AF279917。%The glnZ gene of A.brasilense was determined in a 3.7 kb SalI fragment,and ubiH-like,aat-like and ftsK-like genes were clustered around glnZ.A partial ubiH-like gene(required for ubiquinone synthesis)precedes glnZ and is transcribed from the opposite strand.The ubiH-likegene of A.brasilense has 31% identitiy and 50% similarity with ubiH gene of E.coli.The aat(aspartate aminotransferase)-like and ftsK(involved in peptidoglycan synthesis during cell septation )-like genes were found clustered downstream of glnZ.The aat-like gene of A.brasilense has 26% identity and 42% similarity with aat gene of E.coli. The ftsK-like gene of A.brasilense has 42% identity and 56% similarity with ftsKgene of E.coli.The glnZ gene encodes 112 amino acid-long Pz polypeptide, maping between positions 1057~1395bp.The amino acid sequence of Pz from A.brasilense is more than 66% identical to that

  10. A Multichannel Bioluminescence Determination Platform for Bioassays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sung-Bae; Naganawa, Ryuichi

    2016-01-01

    The present protocol introduces a multichannel bioluminescence determination platform allowing a high sample throughput determination of weak bioluminescence with reduced standard deviations. The platform is designed to carry a multichannel conveyer, an optical filter, and a mirror cap. The platform enables us to near-simultaneously determine ligands in multiple samples without the replacement of the sample tubes. Furthermore, the optical filters beneath the multichannel conveyer are designed to easily discriminate colors during assays. This optical system provides excellent time- and labor-efficiency to users during bioassays.

  11. CORBA Based Information Integration Platform for CIMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A new information integration platform for computer integrated manufacturing system(CIMS) is presented, which is based on agent and CORBA. CORBA enhances the system integration be-cause it is an industry-standard for interoperable, distributed objects across heterogeneous hardware andsoftware platform. Agent technology is used to improve intelligence of integration system. In order to im-plement the information integration platform, we use network integration server to integrate network, de-sign a generic database agent to integrate database, adopt multi-agent based architecture to integrate appli-cation, and utilize wrapper as CORBA object to integrate legacy code.

  12. Design for game based learning platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Birgitte Holm; Meyer, Bente

    2010-01-01

    Council for Strategic Research, in which an online game-based platform for English as a foreign language in primary school is studied. The paper presents a model for designing for game based learning platforms. This design is based on cultural and ethnographic based research on children's leisure time use......This paper focuses on the challenges related to the design of game based learning platforms for formal learning contexts that are inspired by the pupil's leisure time related use of web 2.0. The paper is based on the project Serious Games on a Global Market Place (2007-2011) founded by the Danish...

  13. Secure smart embedded devices, platforms and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Markantonakis, Konstantinos

    2013-01-01

    New generations of IT users are increasingly abstracted from the underlying devices and platforms that provide and safeguard their services. As a result they may have little awareness that they are critically dependent on the embedded security devices that are becoming pervasive in daily modern life. Secure Smart Embedded Devices, Platforms and Applications provides a broad overview of the many security and practical issues of embedded devices, tokens, and their operation systems, platforms and main applications. It also addresses a diverse range of industry/government initiatives and consider

  14. Genesis and Evolution of Digital Payment Platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjelholt, Morten; Damsgaard, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Payment transactions through the use of physical coins, bank notes or credit cards have for centuries been the standard formats of exchanging money. Recently online and mobile digital payment platforms has entered the stage as contenders to this position and possibly could penetrate societies...... applies a co-evolutionary multilevel perspective to model the interplay and processes between technology and society wherein digital payment platforms potentially will substitute other payment platforms just like the credit card negated the check. On this basis this paper formulate a multilevel conceptual...

  15. THE NEED FOR FUNCTION PLATFORMS IN ENGINEER TO ORDER INDUSTRIES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alblas, Alex; Wortmann, Hans; Bergendahl, MN; Grimheden, M; Leifer, L; Skogstad, P; Cantamessa, M

    2009-01-01

    Many industries base their innovations on product platforms. Platforms have predefined modularity with standardized interfaces. However, product platforms provide significant challenges to engineering industries that rely heavily on R&D, such as microlithography systems. Developing these systems dep

  16. THE NEED FOR FUNCTION PLATFORMS IN ENGINEER TO ORDER INDUSTRIES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alblas, Alex; Wortmann, Hans; Bergendahl, MN; Grimheden, M; Leifer, L; Skogstad, P; Cantamessa, M

    2009-01-01

    Many industries base their innovations on product platforms. Platforms have predefined modularity with standardized interfaces. However, product platforms provide significant challenges to engineering industries that rely heavily on R&D, such as microlithography systems. Developing these systems dep

  17. THE NEED FOR FUNCTION PLATFORMS IN ENGINEER TO ORDER INDUSTRIES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alblas, Alex; Wortmann, Hans; Bergendahl, MN; Grimheden, M; Leifer, L; Skogstad, P; Cantamessa, M

    2009-01-01

    Many industries base their innovations on product platforms. Platforms have predefined modularity with standardized interfaces. However, product platforms provide significant challenges to engineering industries that rely heavily on R&D, such as microlithography systems. Developing these systems

  18. 玉屏风颗粒治疗过敏性鼻炎的临床疗效观察%Clinical effects of Yu Pingfeng granule in the treatment of allergic rhinitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗懿明; 易伟民

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察玉屏风颗粒联合西药治疗过敏性鼻炎的临床疗效。方法:将64例过敏性鼻炎患者随机分为对照组和观察组,每组各32例,两组患者均以西药进行抗过敏治疗,观察组在此治疗基础上加用中药复方制剂玉屏风散颗粒进行治疗,并比较两组患者喷嚏、流涕、鼻塞、鼻痒等临床症状改善时间及治疗2个月后的复发率。结果:观察组患者喷嚏、流涕、鼻塞、鼻痒等临床症状改善时间显著短于对照组,且治疗2个月后的复发率显著低于对照组,差异显著,均具有统计学意义( P﹤0.05)。结论:玉屏风颗粒联合西药治疗过敏性鼻炎的临床疗效显著,值得临床上推广应用。%Objective To observe the clinical effect of Yu Pingfeng granule combined with western medicine in the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Method 64 cases of patients with allergic rhinitis were randomly divided into control group and observation group,32 cases in each group,the patients of two groups were treated with western medicine of anti allergy treatment,on the basis of this,the patients of the observa-tion group were treated with Yu Pingfeng granule,and the improvement time of the clinical symptoms such of sneezing,runny nose,nasal con-gestion,nasal itching of patients in the two groups were compared,the recurrence rate were compared after 2 months of treatment. Results In the observation group,sneezing,runny nose,nasal congestion,nasal itching and other symptoms improved time was significantly shorter than that in control group after 2 months of treatment,and the recurrence rate was significantly lower than the control group,the difference was sig-nificant,the differences were statistically significant(P﹤0. 05). Conclusion The curative effect of Yu Pingfeng granule combined with west-ern medicine in the treatment of allergic rhinitis is significant,which was of clinical application.

  19. 养阴逐瘀汤联合西医常规治疗喉白斑病50例%Treatment for 50 Cases of Laryngeal Leukoplakia with YangYin ZhuYuTang and Conventional Western Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师秀平

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore clinical effects of YangYin ZhuYuTang, western medicine and surgery in treating laryngeal leukoplakia. Method: One hundred patients were randomized into two groups on average. Operation was performed after anesthesia of nasal surface and the patients of both groups were banned from smoking and drinking, administered with ultrasonic atomizing inhalation, once each time, 60 mg/1mL of gentamycin sulfate injection and 5 mg of dexamthasone each time. Observation group received YangYin ZhuYuTang based on the treatment given to control group, one dose per day, taking after breakfast and supper. One session was one month and both groups were treated for two consecutive sessions. Result: Cure rate and total effective rate of observation groups were 84.00% and 98.00%, superior to 70.00% and 88.00% of control group with notable differences (P<0.05). No adverse reaction or complication occurred in both groups. Conclusion: YangYin ZhuYuTang combined with western medicine and surgery can obtain better clinical effects in treating laryngeal leukoplakia without adverse reaction.%目的:观察养阴逐瘀汤联合西药及手术治疗喉白斑病的临床疗效.方法:将100 例喉白班病患者随机分为2 组,每组50 例.对照组采用鼻腔表面麻醉后进行手术,术后禁烟酒,给予患者超声雾化吸入,1 次/d,每次庆大霉素6 万单位,地塞米松5 mg.观察组在对照组治疗的基础上给予中药养阴逐瘀汤,1 剂/d,早、晚饭后服用.2 组均以1个月为1 个疗程,连续治疗2 个疗程.结果:观察组痊愈率为84.00%,总有效率为98.00%;对照组痊愈率为70.00%,总有效率为88.00%,2 组相比有统计学差异(P<0.05).2 组均未出现或发生不良反应及并发症.结论:养阴逐瘀汤联合西药及手术治疗喉白斑病临床疗效好,无不良反应.

  20. Influence of Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the respiratory function of COPD patients%清金逐瘀方离子导入对COPD患者呼吸功能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭义娟; 赵晓霞; 秦玉玲; 黄立强

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To observe the influence of Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the respiratory function of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).Methods:120 cases of COPD patients were selected from February 2011 to February 2013.According to random number table method,the patients were divided into the experimental group and the control group with 60 cases in each.The control group was given conventional western medicine treatment,and the experimental group was given Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the basis of conventional western medicine treatment.After treatment for two weeks, the lung function of patients were compared,such as forced expiratory vital capacity(FVC),forced expiratory volume in 1 second(FEV1),FEV1/predicted value(FEV1%),blood gas analysis index(arterial blood oxygen partial pressure PaO2,carbon dioxide pressure PaCO2).Results:After treatment for two weeks,the lung functions of two groups were all significantly improved.FVC,FEV1, FEV1% of the experimental group improved more significantly than those of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:On the basis of conventional western medicine treatment,adding Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis can significantly improve lung function in COPD patients,reduce inflammation,and obtain apparent curative effect.%目的:观察清金逐瘀方离子导入对慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)患者呼吸功能的影响。方法:2011年2月-2013年2月收治COPD患者120例,按随机数字表法分为试验组和对照组,每组60例。对照组给予常规西医治疗,试验组在常规西医治疗的基础上予以清金逐瘀方离子导入,治疗2周后对比两组肺功能,即用力呼气肺活量(FVC)、1 s用力呼气容积(FEV1)、FEV1/预计值(FEV1%),血气分析指标(动脉血氧分压 PaO2、二氧化碳分压 PaCO2)。结果:治疗2周后,两组患者肺功能均有显著改善,其中试验组 FVC、FEV1、FEV1%

  1. 李渔观看术:多角色的“喜剧”与跨文体的“创造”*--以韩南《创造李渔》为中心%Ways of Viewing Li Yu:‘Comedies’of Multiple Characters and the‘Invention’of Trans-Genres:On Patrick Hanan’s The Invention of Li Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲楠

    2015-01-01

    As a renowned scholar in the field of sinology overseas of literature in the Ming and Qing dynasties, Patrick Hanan, as early as the 1980s, published his book, The Invention of Li Yu, an‘Oriental micro-type’of a book that demonstrates his own theory. Based on that, this article explores the functional signified in the concept of‘comedy’in Hanan’s writin g system, his‘invention’of the concrete strategies executed by Li Yu, the patterned purification of‘sexual texts’in literature, the use of‘inversion’as a vehicle for the cognizance of literary phenomena, the observation and deduction based on such character frames as‘the narrator’and‘sponsor’and the practice of the theoretical view of‘trans-genre’. In fact, Hanan’s is the typical mechanism through which the Orient is viewed in the world of sinology as he has deliberately chosen Li Yu, a Chinese man of letters, as his case to write about and has actively introduced the critical discourse of Western theory. It is only by using a specific theory or perspective as an incision for entry that time, space and cultural differences can be transcended with possible discoveries. Here, the‘telescope’, that inspired Hanan with Li Yu’s fiction and that concerned him, and its principle serve as a behavioral metaphor. What makes Hanan more a forward thinker than otherwise is the fact that he has lifted Li Yu out of phenomenology to the level of methodology and, further, is using him as a mirror image in his literary research for reference, creating an equal and interactive posture of dialogue between Hanan and Li Yu.%作为海外汉学界颇负盛名的中国明清文学研究者,韩南早在20世纪80年代,便推出了彰显个人理论基色的“东方微观型”著作《创造李渔》。本文以此为中心,重点探讨了韩南书写体系中“喜剧”概念的功能性所指,以及“创造”李渔所施行的具体策略:文学中“性文本”的模式化提炼,

  2. Summary of Fe opacity measurement platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagayama, Taisuke

    2016-05-01

    This powerpoint presentation goes over the Fe opacity measurement platform, including how the experiment works, what can be gathered from the measurements, what can be gathered from the simulations, and the limitations of the experiment.

  3. DESIGN OF OFFSHORE CONCRETE GRAVITY PLATFORMS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    loads from earth-quake for (earth-quake prone zones) are deployed to archive the design and ... Keywords: concrete gravity platform, offshore, foundation design, manufacturing, construction .... resistance to wind offered by such ice accumu-.

  4. 2011 Biomass Program Platform Peer Review: Feedstock

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCann, Laura [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Washington, DC (United States)

    2012-02-01

    This document summarizes the recommendations and evaluations provided by an independent external panel of experts at the 2011 U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program’s Feedstock Platform Review meeting.

  5. 2011 Biomass Program Platform Peer Review. Infrastructure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindauer, Alicia [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Washington, DC (United States)

    2012-02-01

    This document summarizes the recommendations and evaluations provided by an independent external panel of experts at the 2011 U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program’s Infrastructure Platform Review meeting.

  6. 2011 Biomass Program Platform Peer Review: Algae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Joyce [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Washington, DC (United States)

    2012-02-01

    This document summarizes the recommendations and evaluations provided by an independent external panel of experts at the 2011 U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program’s Algae Platform Review meeting.

  7. Model refinement for offshore platforms: Experimental study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Min; Chen, Zongli; Wu, Yanjian

    2017-08-01

    Offshore jacket platforms are widely used in offshore oil and gas exploitation. Finite element models of such structures need to have many degrees of freedom (DOFs) to represent the geometrical detail of complex structures, thereby leading to incompatibility in the number of DOFs of experimental models. To bring them both to the same order while ensuring that the essential eigen- properties of the refined model match those of experimental models, an extended model refinement procedure is presented in this paper. Vibration testing of an offshore jacket platform model is performed to validate the applicability of the proposed approach. A full-order finite element model of the platform is established and then tuned to meet the measured modal properties identified from the acceleration signals. Both model reduction and modal expansion methods are investigated, as well as various scenarios of sensor arrangements. Upon completion of the refinement, the updated jacket platform model matches the natural frequencies of the measured model well.

  8. Introducing Blackboard: an electronic learning platform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cader, Raffik; McGovern, Michael

    Blackboard, an internet-based platform for teaching and learning, was introduced to students on the preregistration nursing programme at Northumbria University. Although clear educational advantages were identified, there were also potential pitfalls.

  9. Designing platform independent mobile apps and services

    CERN Document Server

    Heckman, Rocky

    2016-01-01

    This book explains how to help create an innovative and future proof architecture for mobile apps by introducing practical approaches to increase the value and flexibility of their service layers and reduce their delivery time. Designing Platform Independent Mobile Apps and Services begins by describing the mobile computing landscape and previous attempts at cross platform development. Platform independent mobile technologies and development strategies are described in chapter two and three. Communication protocols, details of a recommended five layer architecture, service layers, and the data abstraction layer are also introduced in these chapters. Cross platform languages and multi-client development tools for the User Interface (UI) layer, as well as message processing patterns and message routing of the Service Int rface (SI) layer are explained in chapter four and five. Ways to design the service layer for mobile computing, using Command Query Responsibility Segregation (CQRS) and the Data Abstraction La...

  10. STUDY OF VARIOUS INTERNET OF THINGS PLATFORMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhumi Nakhuva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Internet of Things is a technological revolution which provides the vision of connected world of Things. Devices, people and systems are connected with one another in such a way that they can communicate with each other over Internet. So the form of communication from human-human is now turned into humanhuman, human-things and things- things. Variety of platforms are now a days available that can support entire development to deployment of IoT applications and systems. In this paper, we will first start with the introduction of IoT platforms as well as IoT middleware and then will discuss various IoT platforms, compare various IoT platforms and will end up with the conclusion.

  11. Embedded Based Miniaturized Universal Electrochemical Sensing Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiamin Chen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We created an embedded sensing platform based on STM32 embedded system, with integrated carbon-electrode ionic sensor by using a self-made plug. Given ration of concentration-unknown nitrate liquid samples, this platform is able to measure the nitrate concentration in neutral environment. Response signals which were transmitted by the sensor can be displayed via a serial port to the computer screen or via Bluetooth to the smartphone. Processed by a fitting function, signals are transformed into related concentration. Through repeating the experiment many times, the accuracy and repeatability turned out to be excellent. The results can be automatically stored on smartphone via Bluetooth. We created this embedded sensing platform for field water quality measurement. This platform also can be applied for other micro sensors’ signal acquisition and data processing.

  12. Computing platforms for software-defined radio

    CERN Document Server

    Nurmi, Jari; Isoaho, Jouni; Garzia, Fabio

    2017-01-01

    This book addresses Software-Defined Radio (SDR) baseband processing from the computer architecture point of view, providing a detailed exploration of different computing platforms by classifying different approaches, highlighting the common features related to SDR requirements and by showing pros and cons of the proposed solutions. Coverage includes architectures exploiting parallelism by extending single-processor environment (such as VLIW, SIMD, TTA approaches), multi-core platforms distributing the computation to either a homogeneous array or a set of specialized heterogeneous processors, and architectures exploiting fine-grained, coarse-grained, or hybrid reconfigurability. Describes a computer engineering approach to SDR baseband processing hardware; Discusses implementation of numerous compute-intensive signal processing algorithms on single and multicore platforms; Enables deep understanding of optimization techniques related to power and energy consumption of multicore platforms using several basic a...

  13. 2011 Biomass Program Platform Peer Review. Sustainability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eng, Alison Goss [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Washington, DC (United States)

    2012-02-01

    This document summarizes the recommendations and evaluations provided by an independent external panel of experts at the 2011 U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program’s Sustainability Platform Review meeting.

  14. 2011 Biomass Program Platform Peer Review: Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haq, Zia [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Washington, DC (United States)

    2012-02-01

    This document summarizes the recommendations and evaluations provided by an independent external panel of experts at the 2011 U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program’s Analysis Platform Review meeting.

  15. Developing a social media platform for nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Jennifer; Kennedy, Maggie

    2015-11-18

    Social media tools provide opportunities for nurses to connect with colleagues and patients and to advance personally and professionally. This article describes the process of developing an innovative social media platform at a large, multi-centre teaching hospital, The Ottawa Hospital, Canada, and its benefits for nurses. The platform, TOH Nurses, was developed using a nursing process approach, involving assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation. The aim of this initiative was to address the barriers to communication inherent in the large number of nurses employed by the organisation, the physical size of the multi-centre hospital and the shift-work nature of nursing. The platform was used to provide educational materials for clinical nurses, and to share information about professional practice. The implications of using a social media platform in a healthcare setting were considered carefully during its development and implementation, including concerns regarding privacy and confidentiality.

  16. Energy-aware scheduling on multiprocessor platforms

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Dawei

    2014-01-01

    Multiprocessor platforms play important roles in modern computing systems, and appear in various applications, ranging from energy-limited hand-held devices to large data centers. As the performance requirements increase, energy-consumption in these systems also increases signi cantly. Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling (DVFS), which allows processors to dynamically adjust the supply voltage and the clock frequency to operate on di erent power/energy levels, is considered an e ective way to achieve the goal of energy-saving. This book surveys existing works that have been on energy-aware task scheduling on DVFS multiprocessor platforms. Energy-aware scheduling problems are intrinsically optimization problems, the formulations of which greatly depend on the platform and task models under consideration. Thus, Energy-aware Scheduling on Multiprocessor Platforms covers current research on this topic and classi es existing works according to two key standards, namely, homogeneity/heterogeneity of multi processo...

  17. Cloud Based Applications and Platforms (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brodt-Giles, D.

    2014-05-15

    Presentation to the Cloud Computing East 2014 Conference, where we are highlighting our cloud computing strategy, describing the platforms on the cloud (including Smartgrid.gov), and defining our process for implementing cloud based applications.

  18. Offshore Minerals Management Platforms for the Gulf of Mexico (GOM), Geographic NAD83, MMS (2006) [platforms_mms_2006

    Data.gov (United States)

    Louisiana Geographic Information Center — Offshore Minerals Management Platforms for the Gulf of Mexico (GOM). Identifies the location of platforms in GOM. All platforms existing in the database are included.

  19. Creating Math Videos: Comparing Platforms and Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbasian, Reza O.; Sieben, John T.

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we present a short tutorial on creating mini-videos using two platforms--PCs and tablets such as iPads--and software packages that work with these devices. Specifically, we describe the step-by-step process of creating and editing videos using a Wacom Intuos pen-tablet plus Camtasia software on a PC platform and using the software…

  20. Distributed E-Service Platform Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PING Hu; YANG Hua; CHEN Jia-xun

    2002-01-01

    E-communication is an internet-oriented application platform for distributed system. The architecture of the platform is discussed in detail in this article. By theory and case study, the distributed model is proved flexible and practicable. Using services and core, developers can extend the e-community and leverage their applications.This model will be great helpful to build a new kind distributed, java-based, internet application.

  1. Virtual health platform for medical tourism purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Debora; Ferriol, Pedro; Tous, Xisco; Cabrer, Miguel; Prats, Mercedes

    2008-01-01

    This paper introduces an overview of the Virtual Health Platform (VHP), an alternative approach to create a functional PHR system in a medical tourism environment. The proposed platform has been designed in order to be integrated with EHR infrastructures and in this way it expects to be useful and more advantageous to the patient or tourist. Use cases of the VHP and its potential benefits summarize the analysis.

  2. Creating Math Videos: Comparing Platforms and Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbasian, Reza O.; Sieben, John T.

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we present a short tutorial on creating mini-videos using two platforms--PCs and tablets such as iPads--and software packages that work with these devices. Specifically, we describe the step-by-step process of creating and editing videos using a Wacom Intuos pen-tablet plus Camtasia software on a PC platform and using the software…

  3. Handheld Microneedle-Based Electrolyte Sensing Platform.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, Philip R. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Rivas, Rhiana [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Johnson, David [Aquila Technologies Group, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Edwards, Thayne L. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Koskelo, Markku [Aquila Technologies Group, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Shawa, Luay [Aquila Technologies Group, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Brener, Igal [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Chavez, Victor H. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Polsky, Ronen [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2015-11-01

    Sandia National Laboratories will provide technical assistance, within time and budget, to Requester on testing and analyzing a microneedle-based electrolyte sensing platform. Hollow microneedles will be fabricated at Sandia and integrated with a fluidic chip using plastic laminate prototyping technology available at Sandia. In connection with commercial ion selective electrodes the sensing platform will be tested for detection of electrolytes (sodium and/or potassium) within physiological relevant concent ration ranges.

  4. Flexible optical chemical sensor platform for BTX

    OpenAIRE

    Arias Espinoza, Juan Diego; Sazhnikov, Viacheslav; Sabik, Sami; Ionov, Dmitriy; Smits, Edsger; Kalathimekkad, Sandeep; Van Steenberge, Geert; Alfimov, Michail; Posniak, Malgorzata; Schoo, Herman

    2012-01-01

    An in-plane flexible sensor platform for BTX detection was developed using low-cost patterning techniques and foil-based optical components. The platform was produced by a combination of laser patterning, inkjet printing and capillary filling. Key optical components such as lightguides, opticalcladding layers and metallic interconnections were realized on low cost substrates such as paper and PET. The sensing mechanism is based on the change in fluorescence spectra of a reporter dye, supporte...

  5. SCEC Broadband Platform Strong Ground Motion Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, S.; Callaghan, S.; Maechling, P. J.; Olsen, K. B.; Archuleta, R. J.; Somerville, P. G.; Graves, R. W.; Jordan, T. H.; Broadband Platform Working Group

    2011-12-01

    The Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) Broadband Platform is a collaborative software development project involving SCEC researchers, graduate students, and the SCEC Community Modeling Environment. The goal of the SCEC Broadband Simulation Platform is to generate broadband (0-10 Hz) ground motions for earthquakes using deterministic low-frequency and stochastic high-frequency simulations. SCEC developers have integrated complex scientific modules for rupture generation, low-frequency deterministic seismogram synthesis, high-frequency stochastic seismogram synthesis, and non-linear site effects calculation into a system that supports easy on-demand computation of broadband seismograms. The SCEC Broadband platform has two primary modes of operation, validation mode, and scenario mode. In validation mode, the earthquake modeling software calculates broadband seismograms for one of three earthquakes, Northridge, Loma Prieta, or Landers at sites with observed strong motion data. Then, the platform calculates goodness of fit measurements that quantify how well the model-based broadband seismograms match the observed seismograms for each event. In scenario mode, the user can specify a scenario earthquake and a list of sites and calculate ground motions at each site for the scenario event. In February 2011, SCEC released Broadband Platform 11.2 as an open-source scientific software distribution. Since that time, we have continued development of the platform by adding a new site response module and new goodness of fit measures by Mayhew and Olsen. Along with a source code distribution of the Broadband Platform, we now offer a virtual software image distribution of the platform to support its use on a variety of computing hardware and operating systems.

  6. Interfacing Clojure with Pogamut 3 platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gołuński, Marcel; WÄ siewicz, Piotr

    In this paper we present an interface between Pogamut 3 platform and Clojure programming language. Clojure is a state of the art functional language with roots in Lisp. Pogamut 3 is a framework that simplifies creation of embodied agents. Our goal was to introduce Clojure code in our agents logic. Simple emergent behavior of a group of agents was implemented using Clojure code. Performance of execution of Clojure code called from Pogamut platform was measured.

  7. Analysis the monitoring results of endemic fluorosis by lowering fluoride in drinking water in Yu County Hebei province%河北省蔚县地方性氟中毒改水降氟监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵秀平; 王志祥; 郝冬梅; 韩国毅; 杨富花

    2012-01-01

    目的 掌握河北省蔚县地方性氟中毒病区的改水现状及防治措施、控制效果.方法 选取蔚县55个病区村,对8~12岁儿童氟斑牙患病率及改水设施运行情况进行调查.儿童氟斑牙检查采用Dean氏法,水氟含量检测采用氟离子选择电极法.结果 正常使用的改水工程为29个,受益人口达56 751人,管网末梢水氟含量均值为0.80mg/L,范围为0.2~2.1mg/L.氟斑牙患病率为15.92%,氟斑牙指数为0.27.结论 蔚县地氟病防治取得较好效果,但病区改水降氟的防病措施尚须加强.%Objective To master the drinking water defluoridation current state, preventive measures and control effects in endemic fluorosis areas of Yu County Hebei province. Method Selected 55 endemic villages and investigated the dental fluorosis prevalence rate of 8 to 12 old children and the operation status of drinking water defluoridation facilities. Children's dental fluorosis was examined by Deans, fluoride content in drinking water was determined by fluorion selective electrodes. Results Total of 56 751 people were profited from 29 drinking water defluoridation projects. The average value of fluorides content in water of end pipe network was 0. 80mg/ L (0. 2 ~2. Lmg/L) . The dental fluorosis prevalence rate was 15. 92% and dental fluorosis index was 0. 27. Conclusions Endemic fluorosis prevention and control work received good effect in Yu County, but we still need to improve the drinking water defluoridation projects in endemic areas.

  8. Analysis on the Status and Dynamic Changes of Forest Resources in Yu'an District,Lu'an City%六安市裕安区森林资源现状与动态变化分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王升堂; 陈传胜; 黄敏; 倪建华

    2015-01-01

    利用裕安区2004年与2013年森林资源二类调查数据,分析了森林资源现状特点及十年间的变化。结果表明:全区林地比重较高,占土地总面积的36.31%,林地主要分布在南部低山和中部丘陵岗地地区,北部平原区相对较少;林种、龄组结构比较合理,树种结构有所改善。2004~2013年10年间林地面积、活立木蓄积、森林覆盖率和林木绿化率均实现了增长。裕安区实施生态公益林建设工程、森林增长工程、森林长廊工程取得显著成效,使森林资源快速增长,生态环境安全得到改善。%This paper analyzed the percent characteristics and developing changes of forest resources in Yu'an district according to the 2nd‐class inventory data of years in 2004 and 2013 .The results showed that percentage of the region's forest land was higher , accounting for 36 .31% of the total land area .The distribution of forest land was uneven .Forest land mainly distributed in low mountains located in the south and hilly region in the middle part .Forest resources were poor in the northern plain .The forest categories and age structure of forest were more reasonable and plant species slightly improved .The woodland area ,forest volume of stumpages ,the percentage of forest cover and greening rate achieved growth during 2004‐2013 .There was a rapid growth of forest resources and environmental security was significantly improved in Yu'an district with the implementation of ecological forest construction ,forest grow th projects ,forest corridor project .

  9. Rose with Thrones: On the allegorical features of Yu Hua's novel%带刺的玫瑰——论余华小说的寓言性特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高永忠

    2012-01-01

    作为先锋派的代表作家,余华以其特殊的审美视角和写作风格给文坛带来一股强烈的冲击波。他的小说不以故事的曲折见长,而是以内蕴的丰厚别具一格。他的小说运用了寓言以此喻彼的思维模式和夸张、讽喻、变形、荒诞等寓言的写作手法,才使其能在先锋派诸多优秀作家中脱颖而出,尤其在20世纪90年代引起了评论界的广泛关注,在读者中也是好评如潮。从寓言化的角度来观照余华的小说创作,分析他的小说与寓言之间千丝万缕的联系,以此为突破口,找到一个新的理解余华小说的视域。%Yu Hua, the representative of the avant-garde writers, has brought the literary world a strong shock by his unique aesthetic view and writing style. Rather than stories with good twists and turns, he wrote novels with rich connotation in a style of his own. It is believed that the writer is good at applying fables in his fiction with such writin deformation and absurdity, which enable him to stan g d techniques as hyperbole, metaphor, allegory, out among the excellent avant-garde writers. Especially in the 1990 his novels aroused wide concern of critics and readers as well. This paper aims to study Yu Hua's novel writing from the allegorical his novels and the fables there are to find perspective and analyze the relationship between a better appreciation of the writer and his novels.

  10. Content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid by HPLC-ELSD%HPLC-ELSD法测定血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙琦; 仲崇琳; 杨美林

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To develop a method for the content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid.Methods:High performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light-scattering detector method was used.The chromatographic column was octadecylsilane chemically bonded silica as the filler,the moving phase was methanol-water(25:75),the flow velocity was 1ml one minute,the column temperature was 30℃.The drift tube temperature of evaporative light-scattering detector was 105℃,air or nitrogen was as the atomizing gas,its flow velocity was 3.0L one minute.Results:The incoming sample amount of amygdalin was 0.856~4.28 μ g,the natural logarithm of peak area and the natural logarithm of incoming sample amount had good linear relationship(r=0.9995),the average recovery was 99.06% ,RSD=1.39(n=6).Conclusion:This method is sensitive,accurate,can be used for the content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid.%目的:建立测定血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量的方法。方法:采用高效液相色谱-蒸发光散射检测器法。色谱柱为十八烷基硅烷键合硅胶为填充剂,流动相为甲醇-水(25:75),流速控制在1ml/分,柱温控制在30℃;蒸发光散射检测器的漂移管温度控制105℃,空气或氮气作为其中的雾化气体,其流速控制在3.0L/分。结果:苦杏仁苷的进样量0.856~4.28μg,其峰面积的自然对数与进样量的自然对数具有良好的线性关系(r=0.9995),平均回收率99.06%,RSD=1.39(n=6)。结论:该方法灵敏、准确,可用于血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量测定。

  11. A New Book on the Law System of the Golden Horde: Pochekaev R.Yu. Legal Culture of the Golden Horde (Historical and Legal Essays (Moscow: Yurlitinform, 2015. 312 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.V. Nefedov

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This book is a study at the intersection of such academic disciplines as general history, history of state and law and source study. The subcect of R.Yu. Pochevalev’s book appears very relevant since the interest of the scientific community and readership toward the Golden Horde and its role in the history of the Russian state remains traditionally high for several centuries. However, the author is trying to take a fresh look at this state and refute the stereotype of the Golden Horde as a some kind of bunch of nomads who lived only by plundering neighboring sedentary peoples. He succeeds in this by studying such an important part of the Golden Horde history as its law and legal culture. The book examines a number of questions on the history of state and law of the Golden Horde, which have not previously been the subject of a special study (for example, possessions of the Golden Horde in other uluses, dualism of power in different states, relations between authorities and traders, etc.. On some other issues that have already been studied by experts, he proposes new interpretations in the framework of historical and legal approach (for example, the causes of intestine strife in the Golden Horde in the mid-14th century, yarliks of the Golden Horde khans granted to the Russian Chruch, relations of the Golden Horde rulers and Italian colonies in the Northern Black Sea region. The author examines to a great extent the themes of state and legal regulation of economic relations: status of merchants in the Golden Horde and post-Golden Horde states, role of economic sanctions in the resolution of political conflicts. In other essays contained in the book, the author also emphasizes the role of the economic component of the political and legal relations. For example, R.Yu. Pochekaev convincingly shows that relations of the Golden Horde with other states of the Mongol Empire was based on the principle of mutual provision of possessions to the rulers of

  12. INTERNAL CORROSION MONITORING IN OFFSHORE PLATFORMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Benedicto Mainier

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Corrosion is one of the main causes of failures in equipment and pipes in off-shore oil production. These failures harm the process, slow the production operational chronogram, and generate high costs of maintenance, beyond generation risks to health and environment. Due to the fact that most of the equipment, tubing and pipes of production platforms are made of steel, in general, carbon steel, the industry of petroleum exploration will always coexist with the corrosive process. The use of a Corrosion Monitoring Plan to diagnostic, to control and to manage the evolution of corrosives process in off-shore oil platforms is the strategy proposed in this work to prevent problems as described above. The Internal Corrosion Monitoring Plan (ICMP, is based on lab analysis of the corrosively of fluids and residues showed periodically in off-shore operational platform; in the corrosion rate determined by the periodic use of test bodies installed inside off-shore oil platforms tubing systems, as mass loss coupons and electric resistance probes; and finally, in periodic operational data collect obtained during the off-shore oil platform systems operation. The ICMP will direct and manage the actions to be taken in case of aggravation of a corrosive process, quickly identifying to the corrosive mechanisms and its localization in the various systems of the platforms. The optimized use of the corrosion inhibitor and other chemical products are one of the main advantages of the ICMP.

  13. Study on Collision Characters for SPAR Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Zhi-qiang; CUI Wei-cheng

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents the research on the external mechanism of collision characters for a SPAR platform. The collision characters of SPAR platform have not attracted so much attention as that of ships in the past, because short of this kind of collision accidents reported. But with the increasing number of SPAR platforms in the world, the possibility of such kind of accident also increases. Therefore, it is necessary to master the character of SPAR collision. Model test technique is employed to study the external mechanism. The collision scenario is a ship colliding with a SPAR platform moored in the site with 1500 meters water depth. The striking ship hits the SPAR platform on the hard tank near water surface in its longitudinal direction. The specifics of the SPAR's motions and the tension forces of the mooring lines are collected to summarize the hydrodynamic characters in the collision scenario. It is found that the maximal displacements and the maximal pitch angles of the SPAR platform, and the maximal tension forces of mooring lines are all linearly proportional to the initial velocity of the striking ship basically. Mooring lines play elastic roles in the collision course.

  14. The Bivalve Yangtzedonta is not the Brachiopod Xianfengella

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Wen

    2005-01-01

    The alleged "holotype" of the bivalve Yangtzedontaprimitiva Yu, 1985 figured by Qian (2001) is a broken and distorted specimen of the brachiopod Xianfengella prima He and Yang, 1982 and not the holotype of Y. primitiva. Qian contends that the oldest recognized monoplacophoran, Maikhanella pristinis (Jiang, 1980), is neither a monoplacophoran nor the oldest molluscan fossil in the Meishucunian Stage of China. Furthermore, he considers that the oldest bivalve Xianfengoconcha elliptica Zhang, 1980 is an inarticulate brachiopod, not a mollusc. Watsonella yunnanensis (He and Yang, 1982), is associated with Yangtzedonta primitiva Yu but indicates no evolutionary relationship between the Classes Rostroconchia and Bivalvia in the Lower Cambrian Zhongyicun Member of the Yuhucun Formation. Qian's confusion in using non-molluscan fossils to discuss the early evolution of shelled molluscs also confuses the basic concepts of the respective groups.

  15. 油田开发的生态经济补偿核算方法研究——基于吉林省乾安大情字井油田的实证研究%Ecological Economic Compensation Method of Petroleum Resource Exploitation: With A Special Reference To Qian' an Daqingzi Oil Well

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙世军; 严晓飞; 崔朋; 冯江

    2011-01-01

    油田生态经济补偿机制的建立,是缓解油田开发与生态环境之间矛盾的重要途径之一.基于机会成本法等方法,引入经济学理论中的经济系数,建立油田生态经济补偿模型.以吉林省乾安大情字井油田为例,地区生态经济补偿应为182.95元/t,占石油价格的4.8%,反映该地区油田开发外部不经济的成本,属于油田开发单位可接受范围,同时基本可以达到当地居民、政府满意的程度.通过与其他成熟模型的对比验证,油田生态经济补偿模型应用灵活,补偿费用科学合理.%The establishment of ecological and economic compensation mechanism of oilfield is to ease the contradiction between oilfield development and the ecological environment. Nowadays, the research on ecological compensation is the hot field. The ecological and economic compensation is an important topic. The paper took the petroleum resources as the research subject, and tried to take the research on charge policy of petroleum resources for ecological and economic compensation as the breakpoint, and then established ecological and economic compensation mechanism far-reaching in such field. The study area is Qian' an Daqingzi oil well, a representative petroleum resources region located at Jilin. Based on the data collected in the investigation, the paper estimated the eco-compensation standards that were suitable to the study areas. Based on opportunity cost, and economic theory, authors established the ecological and economic compensation model. The ecological and economic compensations are calculated, which should be 182.95 yuan( RMB)/t, accounting for 4.8% of oil prices. It can reflect the external economic cost of oilfield development in the region, which is acceptable in oilfield development, and it can almost meet the satisfaction of the local residents and the government. By comparison with other mature models, the model is flexible, scientific and reasonable compensation. In view

  16. 领悟大道和生创造人生价值--钱耕森先生“大道和生学”的启示%Inspiring Harmony Originating from Tao to Create the Value of Life--Enlightenment of Qian Geng-sen’s Theory of Harmony Originating from Tao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔令梅

    2014-01-01

    Qian Geng-sen, a professor of Anhui University puts forward the theory of harmony originating from Tao. It integrates Shi Bo’s “harmony generates vitality” and Lao tzu’s “the tao gave birth to all things”. It makes the creative development of them on the base of inheriting traditional theories in practice, which is important in theory study and practice. It is of great significance to people in the aspects of the maintenance of body and mind, the manner of dealing with people, the social stability, the development of economy and ecological protection. To grasp the essence of his theory will be of great help for people to achieve harmonious conditions between man and man, man and nature and man and society, even for people themselves, thus to create the value of life.%近年来安徽大学资深教授钱耕森先生提出了“大道和生学”理论,该理论把史伯的“和实生物”与老子的“道生万物”相结合,在继承传统的基础上联系现实作了创造性的发展,具有深刻的理论价值和积极的实践价值,对我们今天如何养护身心、待人接物、安定社会、发展经济、保护生态等方面都有重要的指导意义。认真学习领会“大道和生学”理论,必将帮助我们达到自我身心、人与他人、人与社会、人与自然等诸多领域的和谐,从而创造出有价值的人生。

  17. 秦汉社会方技--医药学探析--兼论司马迁为扁鹊仓公立传的历史意义%The Study of Medicine and Pharmacology in Qin and Han Dynasties--- Discussing H istorical Signi ficance of Sima Qian Writing Biography for Bian Que and Canggong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱子彦

    2013-01-01

      医药学是我国古代科技的重要门类之一,在刘歆的《七略》中,医药学被称之为“方技略”,医生被称之为“方者”。司马迁在《史记》中撰《扁鹊仓公列传》,开创了正史为方技立传的先河,后世因袭,遂成故事。从长沙马王堆出土的《五十二病方》来看,从春秋战国至秦汉社会,医方包括部分禁方有了很大的普及。东汉初年编成的《神农本草经》集中反映了先秦秦汉时期药物学的成就。方技中不仅方者,甚至鼓吹神仙术的方士,都对药物学作出了一定的贡献。%  Medicine is one of the important categories of ancient science and technology in China .In the Seven Brie fwriten by Liu Xin ,medicine was called Fangji Brief ,the doctor was referred to as Fangzhe . Sima Qian had written Records of the Grand Historian :Collected Biographies of Bian Que and Cang Gong ,which had been pioneered the official history to write biography of Fangji .Through 52 Kinds of Disorders unearthed in Mawangdui Han Tomb in Changsha ,medical prescriptions including some taboo prescriptions extensively had been popularizing from the Spring and Autumn periods and Warring States periods to the Qin and Han dynasties .The Shen Nong’s Herbal Classic compiled in the early Eastern Han dynasty concentrated to reflect achievements of the Qin and Han’s medicine .Both the Fangzhe and alche-mists also made a certain contribution for medicine .

  18. Attention to Difficult Growth of Children——On the Images of Children in Cries in the Drizzle by Yu Hua%关注儿童的艰难成长——论余华小说《在细雨中呼喊》的儿童形象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕思睿

    2012-01-01

    Yu Hua presents children of several images lonely,treacherous and melancholy in the novel of Cries in the Drizzle.Yu describes their difficult growth always with blood,violence and death,which is resistent to the oppression of the adult world,with violence against violence.Concern with the fate of children is the concern with the fate of adult.%余华的长篇小说《在细雨中呼喊》中有几类儿童形象,或孤独或叛逆或忧郁。余华以一贯的血腥、死亡、暴力描述了这些儿童艰难的成长,其实是以此反抗成人世界的压迫,以暴力反对暴力。关注儿童的命运,也是关注成人的命运。

  19. The Summary of Professor Yu Juan's Experience of Massage for Infantile Anorexia%于娟教授推拿治疗小儿厌食症经验总结

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡可燕; 于娟; 刘明; 任艳; 王莉; 霍晶晶

    2015-01-01

    Infantile anorexia is a clinical common disease, the growing development may even be affected in serious cases. Professor Yu Juan, as a few of domestic doctoral tutors that engages in infantile massage studies, has unique understanding on treating infantile anorexia by massage. This ar-ticle would try to summarize tutor's experience of massage for infantile anorexia, in order to provide some references for clincial practice.%小儿厌食症是临床常见病,严重者会影响小儿的生长发育。于娟教授作为国内为数不多的专业从事小儿推拿研究工作的博士研究生导师,对推拿治疗此病有独特认识。本文试将导师推拿治疗小儿厌食症的经验进行总结,以供临床参考。

  20. 新峪矿综放工作面注氮气泡沫防灭火技术应用%Application of fire fighting technology of nitrogen foam injection on fully mechanized coal face in Xin Yu mine coal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙红俊; 陈军伟; 康怀宇

    2011-01-01

    氮气防灭火技术是防治煤层内因火灾的有效技术措施之一,但氮气轻,易流失,本文针对新峪矿5110综放工作面的实际情况,采用了氮气泡沫结合的方法进行防灭火,对注氮设备、注氮方式、注氮工艺、进行了详细的阐述,并对防灭火效果进行了深入分析。%Fire fighting technology of nitrogen injection is one of the most effective technical measures in preventing coal seam fire.However,nitrogen is light and loses easily.Regarding the practical situation on 5110 fully mechanized coal face of Xin Yu mine coal,this thesis analyzes the combination of nitrogen and foam for firefighting technology.It elaborates the nitrogen produce equipment,nitrogen injection way,and nitrogen injection technology.Furthermore,it analyzes the fire control results in details.

  1. 刘宇教授中医药治疗运动神经元病经验%Experience of Prof. LIU Yu for treating motor neuron disease inTCM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹静; 武庆花

    2014-01-01

    刘宇教授是山东省济南市中医医院主任中医师、教授、硕士生导师,原山东省卫生厅副厅长、毛主席保健专家刘惠民先生的嫡孙。在中医学众多领域都有很高深的造诣,尤善治疗疑难杂病。在治疗运动神经元病时强调补益肝肾、调理脾胃,取得较好疗效。%Professor LIU Yu is the director phsician, Professor and master advisor in TCM hospital of Jinan city of Shandong province. He has a very profound attainment in many fields of TCM, especially good at treating difficult diseases. In the treatment of motor neuron disease, the treatment of supplementing liver and kidney, regulating Pi and Wei, had achieved great successes.

  2. 爱情碎片中映出的时代图景——读于晓威长篇小说《我在你身边》%Yu Xiaowei' s Novel I Am with You Interpreted

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石杰

    2012-01-01

    The novel I Am with You by Yu Xiaowei is about a young couple' s love story from the very beginning to the end of their life. As mirrored in the novel, the modemized society makes obsolete the universally ac- cepted beliefs in morality, stability and personality; while the so-called new code of life like flexibility or versatility does not necessarily make people happy. What may the future bring for human beings? In the novel, a genuine and profound introspection is made on the complexity of actual life as well as the conflict and confusion of human beings.%于晓威的长篇小说《我在你身边》写的是一对青年男女的爱情故事,写爱情的从有到无、从生到死。现代化社会使道德与约束、坚守与稳定、人格与自我等一贯为我们所认可的范畴变得陈旧、过时,而完全的灵活、变通等所谓新的生活准则也并未能使人走上幸福之路。人何去何从?小说对现实生活的复杂和人的矛盾困惑进行了真实、深刻的反思。

  3. 郁达夫对日本文化和日本国民性的认识%Yu Dafu's Recognition of Japanese Culture and Japanese National Character

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许宪国

    2012-01-01

    Yu Dafu's recognition of Japanese culture and Japanese national character from the early favor of Japanese culture and sad telling about weak people to rational evaluation of Japanese culture and Japanese national character in 1930s includs a tangle of love and hate feelings. He takes Japan as a reference to China~s national culture and national characters, and then makes criticism on them, which is just a miniature of the recognition of Japan of the Chinese who studied in Japan in Meiji Taisho Period.%郁达夫对日本文化和日本国民性的认识从早期对日本文化的喜爱和弱国子民的悲哀诉说到20世纪30年代对日本文化和国民性的理性评价,包含着爱与憎的感情纠结。他以日本为镜子参照本民族文化和国民性,进而对之进行批判,这正是明治大正时期留学日本的一代中国人认识日本的缩影。

  4. 从语境顺应理论看《虞美人》的英译%On the Translation of Yu Meiren:From the Perspective of Contextual Adaptation Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱媛媛; 刘娟

    2013-01-01

      In Understanding Pragmatics, Verschueren puts forward that language use is a dynamic process in which various linguistic choices should be made. As a form of language uses, translation is also influenced greatly by the Adaptation Theory. Thus, this paper, from the perspective of the Contextual Adaptation Theory, endeavors to analyze the English versions of Yu Meiren from the mental world, physical world and the social world to find out how these three translations make linguistic choices to adapt to the artistic conception of the text.%  Verschueren在其《语用学新解》中提出,语言使用的过程是一个不断选择语言的过程。翻译活动作为语言使用的一种形式,也受到语言顺应理论很大的影响。本文试图从顺应理论的角度出发,对《虞美人》的英译从心理世界、物理世界和交际世界三个方面进行讨论,分析译文是如何来顺应原文的意境的。

  5. News Events and Meaning of Novel Text---A case study of Yu Hua′s "The Seventh Day"%新闻事件与小说文本的意义∗--以余华的《第七天》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婧磊

    2015-01-01

    余华的新作《第七天》,是一部可以被当作新闻阅读的小说文本。新闻事件经想象与虚构在小说文本中的运用既能体现出其现实价值,也反映出余华创作观念与方法上的一些变化。《第七天》里新闻事件与小说文本分别采用的官方报道与民间叙事立场的不同与对比,则是余华审视现实社会的一种独特探索方式。不过小说的艺术世界与现实世界的失衡也折射出余华在直面现实时的精神焦灼以及艺术处理的不妥之处。%The Seventh Day, a new book by Yu Hua, is a novel text which can be regarded as a kind of news read-ing. News events, through the application of imagination and fiction in the novel text, can reflect both their real value and some changes of Yu Hua′s creative ideas and methods in his writing. The difference and comparison of the official reports and the folk narration standpoint respectively adopted in news events and the novel text of The Seventh Day is Yu Hua′s u-nique exploring way of surveying the realistic society. But the unbalance between art world and real world also reflects Yu Hua′s mental anxiety when he faces the real world and the inappropriateness in his dealing with art.

  6. From Salvation to Revelry——The Conversion of Violence Depiction about the Cultural Revolution from 1986 and Brothers Written by Yu Hua%由救赎到狂欢——从《一九八六》、《兄弟》看余华关于“文革”暴力叙事的转换

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓长亮

    2011-01-01

    The violence of the "Cultural Revolution" was the theme that YuHua presented and pondered with strong desire in his novels,and some of them that mattered the violence showed us the Aesthetics of Violence.The exaggeration about the violence essentially reflects the tense relations between the author and the reality.The novels in different times of YuHua showed the way to deal with the tensity.1986,an early works of YuHua and his latest novel Brothers,that showed different opinions about the violence of the "Cultural Revolution".Through the text perusing of the two representative works of YuHua,the article showed us the conversion of violence depiction about the" Cultural Revolution".%"文革"暴力是余华在小说中极力呈现和思考的主题,一些涉及暴力题材的小说显现了"暴力美学"。这种对暴力的极端渲染,其本质原因是作家和现实存在的紧张关系。余华不同时期的小说体现了处理这种紧张的方式,在早期的《一九八六》和近期的《兄弟》中,余华表达了对"文革"暴力不同的看法。这两个具有代表性的文本,反映了余华关于"文革"暴力叙事的变化。

  7. 松郁安神方对REM睡眠剥夺大鼠认知功能及神经递质的影响%Effects of Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang on Learning and Memory Capability and Levels of neurotransmitter in REM Sleep Deprivation Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾雪爱; 黄俊山; 王雅丽

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To observe the effects of the compound Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang on learning and memory capability and levels of monamine-neurotransmitter in REM sleep deprivation rats. Methods: The rats were randomly divided into normal group, environment control group, REM sleep deprivation group, Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang treatment group and alprazolam treatment group. Morris water maze was used to measure Learning and memory performance. The levels of NE, DA and 5-HT were determined by HPLC-ECD. Results; Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang improved the learning and memory capability of REM sleep deprivation rats and regulated the levels of NE, DA and 5-HT in plasma. Conclusion: Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang can significantly improve the learning and memory capability in REM sleep deprivation rats, the underlying mechanism may be related to regulate the levels of some neurotransmitters.%目的:研究松郁安神方对REM睡眠剥夺大鼠认知功能及血浆中神经递质的影响.方法:药物治疗5d后水迷宫实验观察大鼠的学习记忆,用高效液相-电化学检测NE、DA、5-HT的含量.结果:中药治疗后大鼠的学习记忆能力较模型组明显改善,NE含量明显降低,DA、5-HT含量明显升高.结论:松郁安神方不仅可改善REM睡眠剥夺大鼠的学习记忆能力,而且可调节大鼠睡眠相关物质NE、DA、5-HT的含量,其学习记忆能力的改变可能与某些神经递质的改变有关.

  8. 20世纪中国文学的异文化观照——从《变形记》与《一九八六年》看卡夫卡对余华的影响%In twentieth Century the Chinese literature from Cultural Perspective --Influence of Kafka's ‘The Metamorphosis' on Yu Hua' s ‘The 1986'

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨珊

    2012-01-01

    This article analyses the influence of Austrian writer Kafka on Yu Hua who is one of the Chinese vanguard writers in the style of the two novels The Metamorphosis and The 1986. Not only on narrative style, but on the mode of plot, the processing of details and the thought of theme, Yu Hua echoes from afar with Kafka who is the originator of modernist sehool in the 20th century. Such influence en- abled Yu Hua to break through and innovate from the level of both the form and tile thought in his novels. Under the deep influence of Kafka, Yu Hua' s creation, has witnessed space for free expression and no longer gets bogged down in the bondage of reality.%摘要:本文从影响研究的角度,以《变形记》和《一九八六年》两部短篇小说为例,分析奥地利作家卡夫卡对中国先锋作家余华的影响。余华的《一九八六午》在叙事风格、情节模式、细节处理和主题思路方面,均与20世纪现代文学鼻祖卡夫卡遥相呼应。这种影响使余华的写作无论是在形式层面上还是在思想层面上,都有了相当的突破与创新;在卡夫卡的深刻影响下,余华的创作同时有了一个自由表述的空间,而不再拘泥于现实的束缚。

  9. Integrated microfluidic platforms for investigating neuronal networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyung Joon

    This dissertation describes the development and application of integrated microfluidics-based assay platforms to study neuronal activities in the nervous system in-vitro. The assay platforms were fabricated using soft lithography and micro/nano fabrication including microfluidics, surface patterning, and nanomaterial synthesis. The use of integrated microfluidics-based assay platform allows culturing and manipulating many types of neuronal tissues in precisely controlled microenvironment. Furthermore, they provide organized multi-cellular in-vitro model, long-term monitoring with live cell imaging, and compatibility with molecular biology techniques and electrophysiology experiment. In this dissertation, the integrated microfluidics-based assay platforms are developed for investigation of neuronal activities such as local protein synthesis, impairment of axonal transport by chemical/physical variants, growth cone path finding under chemical/physical cues, and synaptic transmission in neuronal circuit. Chapter 1 describes the motivation, objectives, and scope for developing in-vitro platform to study various neuronal activities. Chapter 2 introduces microfluidic culture platform for biochemical assay with large-scale neuronal tissues that are utilized as model system in neuroscience research. Chapter 3 focuses on the investigation of impaired axonal transport by beta-Amyloid and oxidative stress. The platform allows to control neuronal processes and to quantify mitochondrial movement in various regions of axons away from applied drugs. Chapter 4 demonstrates the development of microfluidics-based growth cone turning assay to elucidate the mechanism underlying axon guidance under soluble factors and shear flow. Using this platform, the behaviors of growth cone of mammalian neurons are verified under the gradient of inhibitory molecules and also shear flow in well-controlled manner. In Chapter 5, I combine in-vitro multicellular model with microfabricated MEA

  10. Embedded Linux platform for data acquisition systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patel, Jigneshkumar J., E-mail: jjp@ipr.res.in [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India); Reddy, Nagaraj, E-mail: nagaraj.reddy@coreel.com [Sandeepani School of Embedded System Design, Bangalore, Karnataka (India); Kumari, Praveena, E-mail: praveena@ipr.res.in [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India); Rajpal, Rachana, E-mail: rachana@ipr.res.in [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India); Pujara, Harshad, E-mail: pujara@ipr.res.in [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India); Jha, R., E-mail: rjha@ipr.res.in [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India); Kalappurakkal, Praveen, E-mail: praveen.k@coreel.com [Sandeepani School of Embedded System Design, Bangalore, Karnataka (India)

    2014-05-15

    Highlights: • The design and the development of data acquisition system on FPGA based reconfigurable hardware platform. • Embedded Linux configuration and compilation for FPGA based systems. • Hardware logic IP core and its Linux device driver development for the external peripheral to interface it with the FPGA based system. - Abstract: This scalable hardware–software system is designed and developed to explore the emerging open standards for data acquisition requirement of Tokamak experiments. To address the future need for a scalable data acquisition and control system for fusion experiments, we have explored the capability of software platform using Open Source Embedded Linux Operating System on a programmable hardware platform such as FPGA. The idea was to identify the platform which can be customizable, flexible and scalable to support the data acquisition system requirements. To do this, we have selected FPGA based reconfigurable and scalable hardware platform to design the system with Embedded Linux based operating system for flexibility in software development and Gigabit Ethernet interface for high speed data transactions. The proposed hardware–software platform using FPGA and Embedded Linux OS offers a single chip solution with processor, peripherals such ADC interface controller, Gigabit Ethernet controller, memory controller amongst other peripherals. The Embedded Linux platform for data acquisition is implemented and tested on a Virtex-5 FXT FPGA ML507 which has PowerPC 440 (PPC440) [2] hard block on FPGA. For this work, we have used the Linux Kernel version 2.6.34 with BSP support for the ML507 platform. It is downloaded from the Xilinx [1] GIT server. Cross-compiler tool chain is created using the Buildroot scripts. The Linux Kernel and Root File System are configured and compiled using the cross-tools to support the hardware platform. The Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) IO module is designed and interfaced with the ML507 through Xilinx

  11. Remote control of a mobile platform with a smartphone

    OpenAIRE

    Majcen, Gregor

    2011-01-01

    This thesis describes a system for remote control of a mobile platform using a smartphone. As a mobile platform is used an iRobot Roomba vacuum cleaner equipped with a wireless router and a camera. The mobile platform and the smartphone communicate over the internet. The smartphone is used as a gaming console to control the movement of the mobile platform.

  12. Demand Heterogeneity and the Adoption of Platform Complements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Rietveld (Joost); J.P. Eggers

    2016-01-01

    textabstractThis paper offers a demand-based theory of how platform maturity affects the adoption of platform complements. We argue that differences between early and late adopters of the platform include willingness to pay for the platform-and-complement bundle, risk preferences, preference for

  13. Demand Heterogeneity and the Adoption of Platform Complements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Rietveld (Joost); J.P. Eggers

    2016-01-01

    textabstractThis paper offers a demand-based theory of how platform maturity affects the adoption of platform complements. We argue that differences between early and late adopters of the platform include willingness to pay for the platform-and-complement bundle, risk preferences, preference for nov

  14. ROHDIP: Resource Oriented Heterogeneous Data Integration Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wael Shehab

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available During the last few years, the revolution of social networks such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram led to a daily increasing of data that are heterogeneous in their sources, data models, and platforms. Heterogeneous data sources have many forms such as the www, deep web, relational databases systems, No-SQL database systems, hierarchal data systems, semi-structured files, in which data are usually allocated on different machines (distributed and have different data models (heterogeneous. Large-scale data integration efforts demonstrate that their most valuable contribution is implementing a data integration platform that provides a uniform access to the heterogeneous data sources, as well as the different versions of data reported by the same data source over time. Furthermore, the platform must be able to integrate data from a broad range of data authoring devices and database management systems. It also should be accessible by almost types of data querying devices to ensure globally querying the integration platform from any place on earth anytime and receiving the query result in any data format. In this paper, we create a resource oriented heterogeneous data integration platform (ROHDIP that facilitates the data integration process and implements the objectives discussed above. We use the resource oriented architecture ROA to support the uniform access by most types of data querying devices from anywhere and to improve the query response time.

  15. Anticipating Alternative Futures for the Platform Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikko Dufva

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Despite the considerable hype around platforms, our understanding of what the platform economy means and what drivers will define future development trajectories is limited. Companies and policy makers have a great need to investigate what potential opportunities will arise from the platform economy. A shared perception of uncertainties and a strong vision are prerequisites for the development of the platform economy. In this article, we describe a systematic way to develop a resilient vision for a new platform ecosystem, both from the viewpoint of national policy makers and corporate strategy makers in the heavy engineering industry. The process uses morphological analysis for scenario development and robust portfolio modelling for creating resilient strategies. The results include a list of key uncertainties, three general scenarios (sustainable development by Europe; polarization driven by China and the United States; US-driven fast, unreliable growth as well as steel-industry specific scenarios based on these uncertainties, elements of a resilient vision, and strategies for coping with the uncertainties described by the scenarios.

  16. A Discussion of how Emperor Li Yu Was Highly- priced as Sakyamuni or Jesus Christ by Wang Guowei%以“沈腰潘鬓”而“担荷罪恶”——王国维如何把李煜推高至“释迦”“基督”的地位

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志华

    2012-01-01

    王国维《人间词话》对李煜作品的评价认为,李煜"俨有释迦、基督担荷人类罪恶之意"。对此学界解说纷纭。从王国维的学识背景、哲学思想及文学创作等进行分析可以了解,在对人生的追究与考索方面,王国维与李后主有相似之处,这是把李煜推高至"释迦""基督"的教主地位的原因。%Wang guowei highly priced Li Yu, the emperor of Tang dynasty, as Sakyamuni or Jesus Christ in his book Ren Jian Ci Hua. However, there are various reviews and contentions on this comment. From Wang Guowei' s academic background, philosophical thinking and literature writing, it can be concluded that Wang Guowei and Li Yu had some thing in common in life pursuing and exploring, which explains why Wang Guowei highly priced Emperor Li Yu as Sakyamuni or Jesus Christ.

  17. Vessel, motion platform, method for compensating motions of a vessel and use of a stewart platform

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Tempel, J.; Salzmann, D.J.C.; Koch, J.; Gerner. F.; Goebel, A.J.

    2007-01-01

    A vessel (1) with a motion compensation platform (4), which platform is provided with at least one carrier (6) for bearing, moving and/or transferring a load, actuators (5) for moving the carrier relative to the vessel, preferably in six degrees of freedom, a control system for driving the actuators

  18. Communication System for CIMS Application Integration Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    CIMS has seen the growth of multiple incompatible hardware architectur es, each architecture supporting several incompatible operating systems, and eac h platform operating with various incompatible development tools (e.g., programm ing language compilers, DBMS, etc.) and one or more incompatible graphic user in terfaces. Also, the growth of the Internet, the World-Wide Web, has introduced new dimensio ns of complexity into the development process. All of these must be dealt with a s the application is made workable in a distributed client-server environment. This paper outlines the architecture of a communication system for the CIMS appl ication integration platform. The communication system makes possible the reque st for service across heterogeneous platforms and networks, and provides some co mmon solutions to issues common to CIMS applications.

  19. GAVIP: A Platform for Gaia Data Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Vagg, Daniel; hÓgáin, Fionn Ó; McBreen, Sheila; Hanlon, Lorraine; Lynn, David; O'Mullane, William

    2016-01-01

    Gaia is a major European Space Agency (ESA) astrophysics mission designed to map and analyse 10$^9$ stars, ultimately generating more than 1 PetaByte of data products. As Gaia data becomes publicly available and reaches a wider audience, there is an increasing need to facilitate the further use of Gaia products without needing to download large datasets. The Gaia Added Value Interface Platform (GAVIP) is designed to address this challenge by providing an innovative platform within which scientists can submit and deploy code, packaged as "Added Value Interfaces" (AVIs), which will be executed close to the data. Deployed AVIs and associated outputs may also be made available to other GAVIP platform users, thus providing a mechanism for scientific experiment reproducibility. This paper describes the capabilities and features of GAVIP.

  20. The FLP microsatellite platform flight operations manual

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    This book represents the Flight Operations Manual for a reusable microsatellite platform – the “Future Low-cost Platform” (FLP), developed at the University of Stuttgart, Germany. It provides a basic insight on the onboard software functions, the core data handling system and on the power, communications, attitude control and thermal subsystem of the platform. Onboard failure detection, isolation and recovery functions are treated in detail. The platform is suited for satellites in the 50-150 kg class and is baseline of the microsatellite “Flying Laptop” from the University. The book covers the essential information for ground operators to controls an FLP-based satellite applying international command and control standards (CCSDS and ECSS PUS). Furthermore it provides an overview on the Flight Control Center in Stuttgart and on the link to the German Space Agency DLR Ground Station which is used for early mission phases. Flight procedure and mission planning chapters complement the book. .