WorldWideScience

Sample records for plastic arts literature

  1. Semiosis, art, and literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Heusden, B.P.

    2007-01-01

    The 'state of literature' in a visual culture is analyzed against the background of a theoretical semiotic framework based upon the distinction between three types of signs: one-place images, two-place symbols, and three-place structures. It is argued that literature is linguistic mimetic

  2. Semiosis, art, and literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Heusden, B.P.

    2007-01-01

    The 'state of literature' in a visual culture is analyzed against the background of a theoretical semiotic framework based upon the distinction between three types of signs: one-place images, two-place symbols, and three-place structures. It is argued that literature is linguistic mimetic meta-repre

  3. Art Literature and Theory of Art

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weststeijn, T.

    2013-01-01

    In contrast to theories of poetry or rhetoric, no complete ancient theory of the figurative arts survives. Renaissance authors wishing to underpin the "rebirth" of painting therefore had to resort to a variety of strategies to invent a new genre. Literary metaphors and fragments from artists’ biogra

  4. Art Literature and Theory of Art

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weststeijn, T.

    2013-01-01

    In contrast to theories of poetry or rhetoric, no complete ancient theory of the figurative arts survives. Renaissance authors wishing to underpin the "rebirth" of painting therefore had to resort to a variety of strategies to invent a new genre. Literary metaphors and fragments from artists’ biogra

  5. Art Literature and Theory of Art

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weststeijn, T.

    2013-01-01

    In contrast to theories of poetry or rhetoric, no complete ancient theory of the figurative arts survives. Renaissance authors wishing to underpin the "rebirth" of painting therefore had to resort to a variety of strategies to invent a new genre. Literary metaphors and fragments from artists’

  6. Gaseous emissions and toxic hazards associated with plastics in fire situations: A literature review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junod, T. L.

    1976-01-01

    The hazards of plastics in fire situations, the gases emitted, the factors influencing the nature of these emissions, the characteristics of toxic gases, and the results of laboratory studies, are discussed. The literature pertaining to the pyrolysis and oxidation of plastics was reviewed. An effort was made to define the state of the art for determining the toxic gases emitted by plastics under fire conditions. Recommendations are made and research needs defined as a result of this review.

  7. [Lactation after breast plastic surgery: literature review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouhassira, J; Haddad, K; Burin des Roziers, B; Achouche, J; Cartier, S

    2015-02-01

    The occurrence of lactation is a rare complication of breast plastic surgery. During the course of his practice, the plastic surgeon will probably encounter this complication. The goal of this article is to carry out a literature review of all published galactorrhea and/or galactocele cases following a breast-reduction or a breast-augmentation, representing a total of 34 cases reported in 21 articles. The physiopathology of this complication is linked to an inappropriate secretion of prolactin in a surgical context. The factors favoring this complication would be the number of pregnancies, a history of recent and extensive nursing, and the intake of certain medicines such as an oestro-progestative pill. The main symptom of this complication is the occurrence of a uni- or bilateral galactorrhea, on average 12.6 days after the surgery. The main differential diagnosis is a postoperative infection. The explorations presented a hyperprolactinemia in 69% of cases. No biological inflammatory syndrome was reported. A fluid collection evoking a galactocele was visible on the ultrasound in 65% of cases. One case of prolactin-secreting pituitary adenoma was reported. Depending on the case, the treatment varied from a simple surveillance to the association of a dopamine agonist, an antibiotic therapy, and a surgical revision. A diagnostic and therapeutic management strategy is proposed.

  8. Visual and Plastic Arts in Teaching Literacy: Null Curricula?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakeland, Robin Gay

    2010-01-01

    Visual and plastic arts in contemporary literacy instruction equal null curricula. Studies show that painting and sculpture facilitate teaching reading and writing (literacy), yet such pedagogy has not been formally adopted into USA curriculum. An example of null curriculum can be found in late 19th - early 20th century education the USA…

  9. Algo sobre arte y literatura Something about Art and Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alba Teresita Estrada Molné

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo (i tiene como propósito divulgar el producto terminado del primero de los tomos o secciones derivados del Proyecto “Cultura para la Enseñanza del Inglés como Lengua Extranjera”. Dicha Sección consta de dos capítulos; el primero, un Panorama General del Arte y la Literatura Universal, Latinoamericano y Cubano. El segundo, orientaciones metodológicas, ejercicios y tipos de proyectos de utilización de factores y personalidades artísticos y literarios en el proceso formativo idiomático de los estudiantes. Para llevar a cabo este trabajo se han utilizado el análisis de texto, estudio de bibliografía clásica y actual, búsqueda de datos en Internet y Enciclopedias. En el trabajo metodológico se ha tenido en cuenta el enfoque Comunicativo para orientaciones, ejercicios y proyectos. Se concluye que este material está listo para su publicación y que es herramienta importante en manos del profesor de Lengua Extranjera. Se impartió curso de postgrado sobre los contenidos de esta secciónThis work has a purpose to spread the finished product of the first of the volume or sections derived of the Project “Culture for Teaching of English as Foreign Language”. This Section consist of two chapters; the first one is a General Panorama of the Art and the Universal, Latin American and Cuban literature; and the second one are methodological orientations, exercises and types of projects of use of factors and artistic and literary personalities in the process of the language formation. To carry out this work the text analysis they have been used, study of classic and current bibliography, search of data in Internet and Encyclopaedias. In the methodological work it has been kept in mind the Talkative focus for orientations, exercises and projects. The authors conclude that this material is clever for its publication and that it is important tool in the professor's of Foreign Language hands. Post grade course was imparted about the

  10. SYNTHESIS OF PLASTIC ARTS IN THE MODERN ART-PEDAGOGICAL PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. A. BASHKATOV

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article seeks to show the educational opportunities of special disciplines such as drawing, sculpture and plastic anatomy, taking into account the content and links of these subjects to the practice of art. In this connection, there is a possibility of integration of plastic disciplines in the art-pedagogical process. A parallel is drawn with the same process in modern arts. Drawing, sculpture and plastic anatomy are the core of an artistic - pedagogical school, which generates three-dimensional vision, gives a complete picture of the form and its image. The role and importance of these disciplines, as the history shows, are constantly changing, but now they do not find a proper place in the optimization of the educational process, while reducing the studying hours they are often excluded from the net of compulsory subjects. It is obvious that today drawing plays a key role in the training teachers of fine arts, but sculpture and plastic anatomy are not integrated into the whole process of training. Often, plastic anatomy in the new curriculum is separated from the practice of drawing and sculpture and is reduced to the theoretical rate, which significantly reduces its effectiveness in the educational process. In this regard, today in modernization of higher education is important to consider educational opportunities of plastic disciplines of drawing, sculpture and plastic anatomy, based on their inherited enormous potential of studying the form, structure and space. The concept of integrating the plastic drawing, sculpture and plastic anatomy is forwarded. It is aimed to more effective study and image of forms and structures with specific expressive means of drawing and sculpture as the types of fine art.

  11. Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in Plastic Surgery: A Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Sergio; Valdes, Jorge; Salama, Moises

    2016-06-01

    Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major health concern because it increases morbidity and mortality after a surgical procedure. A number of well-defined, evidence-based guidelines are available delineating suitable use of prophylaxis to prevent deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Despite the available literature, there are clear gaps between recommendations and clinical practice, affecting the incidence of VTE. Plastic surgeons underuse the substantiated literature and risk stratification tools that are available to decrease the incidence of VTE in the office-based surgical setting because of fear of bleeding or hematoma complications postoperatively. Venous thromboembolism creates an economic burden on both the patient and the healthcare system. The intent of this literature review is to determine existing VTE risk using assessment models available to aid in the implementation of protocols for VTE prevention, specifically for high-risk cosmetic surgical patients in office-based settings.

  12. Barbarism, otherwise : studies in literature, art, and theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boletsi, Maria

    2010-01-01

    Barbarism, Otherwise is an interdisciplinary inquiry into the operations of the concept of barbarism and the figure of the barbarian in modern and contemporary works of literature, art, and theory. The terms “barbarism,” “barbarians,” and “civilization” figure prominently in politics, the media,

  13. Barbarism, otherwise : studies in literature, art, and theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boletsi, Maria

    2010-01-01

    Barbarism, Otherwise is an interdisciplinary inquiry into the operations of the concept of barbarism and the figure of the barbarian in modern and contemporary works of literature, art, and theory. The terms “barbarism,” “barbarians,” and “civilization” figure prominently in politics, the media, his

  14. Barbarism, otherwise : studies in literature, art, and theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boletsi, Maria

    2010-01-01

    Barbarism, Otherwise is an interdisciplinary inquiry into the operations of the concept of barbarism and the figure of the barbarian in modern and contemporary works of literature, art, and theory. The terms “barbarism,” “barbarians,” and “civilization” figure prominently in politics, the media, his

  15. Peace Poems and Picasso Doves: Literature, Art, Technology, and Poetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreillon, Judi

    Students and teachers employ think-aloud strategies as they read literature, compose poems, and create artwork related to the theme of peace. This unit is designed for collaborative teaching among classroom, art, and technology teachers, and school librarians. A single educator can also teach this unit. During nine and a half hours, plus…

  16. Literature and art therapy in post-stroke psychological disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eum, Yeongcheol; Yim, Jongeun

    2015-01-01

    Stroke is one of the leading causes of morbidity and long-term disability worldwide, and post-stroke depression (PSD) is a common and serious psychiatric complication of stroke. PSD makes patients have more severe deficits in activities of daily living, a worse functional outcome, more severe cognitive deficits and increased mortality as compared to stroke patients without depression. Therefore, to reduce or prevent mental problems of stroke patients, psychological treatment should be recommended. Literature and art therapy are highly effective psychological treatment for stroke patients. Literature therapy divided into poetry and story therapy is an assistive tool that treats neurosis as well as emotional or behavioral disorders. Poetry can add impression to the lethargic life of a patient with PSD, thereby acting as a natural treatment. Story therapy can change the gloomy psychological state of patients into a bright and healthy story, and therefore can help stroke patients to overcome their emotional disabilities. Art therapy is one form of psychological therapy that can treat depression and anxiety in stroke patients. Stroke patients can express their internal conflicts, emotions, and psychological status through art works or processes and it would be a healing process of mental problems. Music therapy can relieve the suppressed emotions of patients and add vitality to the body, while giving them the energy to share their feelings with others. In conclusion, literature and art therapy can identify the emotional status of patients and serve as a useful auxiliary tool to help stroke patients in their rehabilitation process.

  17. Art and literature in the anatomy of Charles Bell.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chikwe, J

    1994-08-01

    The artistic gifts of Sir Charles Bell (1774-1842) directed the course of his life's work. There is a fairly extensive literature on the discoveries of Bell in neurology and myology but comparatively poorly documented are the ways in which Bell exploited his aesthetic talents and erudition to communicate his findings to others. This study attempted to answer the question; how did Bell use art and literature to teach anatomy? The problem is all the more interesting because, in keeping with the spirit of education and improvement of the day, Charles Bell did not limit himself to addressing the medical profession but spoke to a wider public, dwelling on artists in particular. Bell's oil paintings and drawings, and the early editions of his written works, as well as their reviews in the contemporary press formed the main source material of this study.

  18. Medieval Pictorial Art and Medieval Spanish Literature: A Case in Point for the Use of the Visual Arts in the Literature Class.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergstrom, Stanford E.

    1991-01-01

    An exploration of the connection between literature and the visual arts and its application in the foreign language literature class includes an illustration of how a medieval literary Spanish masterpiece becomes more clear when the text is compared with medieval pictorial art pieces. (four references) (Author/CB)

  19. Plastic Surgery and the Breast: A Citation Analysis of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cormac W. Joyce, MB BCh

    2014-11-01

    Conclusions: This study has identified the most influential articles on breast in the plastic surgery literature over the past 68 years and highlighted many important scientific breakthroughs and landmarks that have occurred during this time.

  20. Citation Rate Predictors in the Plastic Surgery Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Joseph; Calotta, Nicholas; Doshi, Ankur; Soni, Ashwin; Milton, Jacqueline; May, James W; Tufaro, Anthony P

    The purpose of this study is to determine and characterize the scientific and nonscientific factors that influence the rate of article citation in the field of plastic surgery. Cross-sectional study. We reviewed all entries in Annals of Plastic Surgery and Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2007; and Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2008. All scientific articles were analyzed and several article characteristics were extracted. The number of citations at 5 years was collected as the outcome variable. A multivariable analysis was performed to determine which variables were associated with higher citations rates. A total of 2456 articles were identified of which only 908 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Most studies were publications in the fields of reconstructive (26.3%) or pediatric/craniofacial (17.6%) surgery. The median number of citations 5 years from publication was 8. In the multivariable analysis, factors associated with higher citations rates were subspecialty field (p = 0.0003), disclosed conflict of interest (p = 0.04), number of authors (p = 0.04), and journal (p = 0.02). We have found that higher level of evidence (or other study methodology factors) is not associated with higher citation rates. Instead, conflict of interest, subspecialty topic, journal, and number of authors are strong predictors of high citation rates in plastic surgery. Copyright © 2017 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Young Children's Learning in Art Museums: A Review of New Zealand and International Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terreni, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    In order to examine the existing literature in relation to the benefits of art museum education for the young, as well as to emphasise the literature gap in early childhood education research pertaining to access to and use of art museums by young children, a review of literature that discussed museum education for young children was undertaken. A…

  2. [The history of the flea in art and literature].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roncalli Amici, R

    2004-06-01

    The flea has been, indirectly, one of the protagonists in the history of man. As one of the two vectors of Yersinia pestis, the etiological agents of the Black Death, the flea (Xenopsylla cheopis) has contributed, over the centuries, to the death of millions of people in many countries. Galileo Galilei was the first to observe the flea with a microscope (1624), but the credit of depicting it with a stunning drawing goes to the Britisher Robert Hooke in 1665. A number of zoologists, including Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek and Diacinto Cestoni, well described and illustrated the life cycle of the flea in the XVII century. Some of these reports inspired scholars such as J. Swift and J. Donne for the composition of classic poems. Also, the flea, alone and with its hosts, has inspired a number of artists to create fine paintings; among them: G. M. Crespi, G. B. Piazzetta, G. de la Tour and others. Colorful sonnets on the flea in the Roman dialect were written by G. Belli and Trilussa. The flea also, as a theme, inspired musicians such as G. F. Ghedini and M. Mussorgsky, play writers such as Feydeau and moviemakers such as Charlie Chaplin. The flea is, indissolubly, connected with the history of Black Death. This disease in man is, in fact, caused--as demonstrated by Yersin and Simond--by the triad: bacterium (Yersinia pestis)/rat/flea (Xenopsylla cheopis). Over the centuries, Black Death has had a deep impact on both the visual arts and literature and, as a result, a very large number of paintings and other works of art have been produced to remember these tragic episodes. In the field of literature, Black Death has been skillfully described by writers such as Boccaccio, Manzoni and Camus. Finally, in recent years, following the discovery of the existence of a large market for the control of fleas in small animals, the interest in this minute insect has been resurrected and, parallel to that, the rebirth of the flea iconography, through electromicroscopy, has also taken place.

  3. Merging Literature, Visual Art and Physics: Teaching Through Comics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, R.

    2012-12-01

    Comics have been around as a form of entertainment for decades. They are often as seen as one of the distracting vices of kids (and adults!), but comics and their more adult version, the graphic novel, are increasingly valued as a legitimate genre of both literature and visual. The APS Outreach Department has teamed up with the APS graphics department to create a series of comics, one featuring Nikola Tesla and his battles with the evil Thomas Edison, and four about laser the APS original super hero Spectra and her continuing battles with such villains as nefarious Miss Alignment and bumbling General Relativity. These comics have struck a delicate balance between education and entertainment being well received by both the comic book and education communities. By creating a compelling comic story that has correct physics, it is possible to use this under-appreciated medium to excite middle-school students who might otherwise be turned off by traditional teaching methods. In merging physics with the art of comics it is crucial to make sure first and foremost that the students enjoy the story and that they feel a connection to the characters. Students are thus hooked and once they are drawn in, the learning happens automatically.

  4. Oulipo: Applying Mathematical Constraints to Literature and the Arts in a Mathematics for the Liberal Arts Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Despeaux, Sloan Evans

    2015-01-01

    Oulipo (Ouvroir de Littérature potentielle, or Workshop on potential literature), an over 50-year old movement that began in France, seeks to apply mathematical constraints to literature and the arts. In this article, I will give a brief survey of this movement and how I have built a learning module based on it for my mathematics for the liberal…

  5. Spectrum of Art Therapy Practice: Systematic Literature Review of "Art Therapy," 1983-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potash, Jordan S.; Mann, Sarah M.; Martinez, Johanna C.; Roach, Ann B.; Wallace, Nina M.

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine art therapists' fit in the continuum of health delivery services defined by behavioral health. All publications in "Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art" Therapy Association from 1983 (Volume 1) to 2014 (Volume 31) were systematically reviewed to understand how art therapy has been…

  6. Spectrum of Art Therapy Practice: Systematic Literature Review of "Art Therapy," 1983-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potash, Jordan S.; Mann, Sarah M.; Martinez, Johanna C.; Roach, Ann B.; Wallace, Nina M.

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine art therapists' fit in the continuum of health delivery services defined by behavioral health. All publications in "Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art" Therapy Association from 1983 (Volume 1) to 2014 (Volume 31) were systematically reviewed to understand how art therapy has been…

  7. Prediction and classification of the degradation state of plastic materials used in modern and contemporary art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manfredi, M.; Barberis, E.; Marengo, E.

    2017-01-01

    Today, artworks partially or completely made of plastic materials can be found in almost all international museums and collections. The deterioration of these objects is now becoming evident mainly because these synthetic materials are not designed for a long life and the characterization of their state of conservation can help curators and conservators. In this research we investigated the applicability of a portable attenuated total reflection (ATR) infrared spectrometer for the non-invasive characterization and for monitoring the degradation of plastics used in modern and contemporary art. Several polypropylene and polycarbonate samples were artificially aged in solar box, simulating about 200 years of museum light exposure, and they were monitored with the portable ATR, creating an infrared library of the conservation state of plastics. Through the use of chemometric techniques like principal component analysis-linear discriminant analysis and partial least square—discriminant analysis, we built a robust degradation model of each material that can be used to predict and classify the degradation state of artworks and to identify the priority of intervention in the museum collections. Portable ATR coupled to multivariate statistics can be employed for taking care of plastic artworks as it is non-invasive, the analysis is very fast and it can be performed directly in situ.

  8. Methodological Aspects of Study of the Literature and Art Cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Shikirinskaya

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The theory of intermediality presupposes study or interaction of different types of art in the text of an artistic work. The article deals with the formation of theoretical understanding of the peculiarities of methodology of intermedial analysis as a part of comparative literary criticism. The terminology, characteristics of literary and art connections from antiquity to postmodern, types of interactionism are considered.

  9. Floating Breakwaters: State-of-the-Art Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-01

    nchorSiato Anchor Chan Chain 150ft Doubie - Braded Ra~pe --- -,.j 10 -ft Oouble - Bri ded Rope - - . - - -.... ... . 4P_-__ . . . . . . - Waves - I vo...Geometric Configurations of Plastic Material," Report No. 1313, U.S. Navy David Taylor Model Basin, Washington, D.C., Mar. 1959. SETHNESS, E.D., Jr., and...34 Report No. 1349, U.S. Navy David Taylor Model Basin, Washington, D.C., Feb. 1960. WESTERN CANADA HYDRAULIC LABORATORIES LTD., "Report on Hydraulic Model

  10. Picturing German: Teaching Language and Literature through Visual Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapp, Thyra E.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the importance of visual culture with regard to its pedagogical applications in the German language classroom. I begin by outlining the benefits and concerns associated with making visual art a part of the curriculum. Next, practical ideas are presented for using paintings in beginning, intermediate, and advanced courses.…

  11. Literature and the other arts: postmodern poetry in english

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solange Ribeiro Oliveira

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Partindo da tendência pós-moderna para a eliminação de fronteiras entre as artes e mídias, o artigo analisa as relações intermidiáticas frequentes na poesia pós-moderna de expressão inglesa.

  12. Education of the impellent-plastic expressiveness at a stage of specialized base preparation in art gymnastics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kravchuk T.N.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the given article is proved and opened the technique of education of the impellent-plastic expressiveness at a stage of specialized base preparation in art gymnastics. Criteria and modern requirements to the impellent-plastic expressiveness of gymnasts are analyzed. Its basic components are defined: musical-rhythmic preparation; mastering by skills of expressive movement; choreographic preparation; studying of elements of national and ball dances.

  13. Signals and noise: art, literature and the avant-garde

    OpenAIRE

    Otty, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    One of the most consistent features of the diverse artistic movements that have flourished throughout the twentieth century has been their willingness to experiment in diverse genres and across alternative art forms. Avant-gardes such as Expressionism, Dada, Surrealism, Futurism, Fluxus and Pop were composed not only of painters but also dramatists, musicians, actors, singers, dancers, sculptors, poets and architects. Their works represent a dramatic process of crossfertilization ...

  14. Literature-based knowledge discovery: the state of the art

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Xiaoyong

    2012-01-01

    Literature-based knowledge discovery method was introduced by Dr. Swanson in 1986. He hypothesized a connection between Raynaud's phenomenon and dietary fish oil, the field of literature-based discovery (LBD) was born from then on. During the subsequent two decades, LBD's research attracts some scientists including information science, computer science, and biomedical science, etc.. It has been a part of knowledge discovery and text mining. This paper summarizes the development of recent years about LBD and presents two parts, methodology research and applied research. Lastly, some problems are pointed as future research directions.

  15. Bushido: Code of the Samurai in Japanese Art and Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, CA.

    This teacher's resource packet gives a brief history of the Japanese Warrior from the Old Tombs Period, 3rd-6th centuries A.D., to the end of the Edo Period in the 19th century, and explains Bushido, the ethical warrior code. Warrior artifacts, armor, helmets, and swords are discussed. Literature, exemplified by the 12th century historical…

  16. Children's Play in the Visual Arts and Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saracho, Olivia N.

    2010-01-01

    Throughout history, society has expressed little interest in early childhood play. Still early literature authors and classical paintings portray childhood play experiences. The way play has been conceived in the past in child development, psychology and other disciplines relates to contemporary early childhood programmes. This article provides an…

  17. Du Yuzhou Awarded Officer of Order of French Art and Literature%Du Yuzhou Awarded Officer of Order of French Art and Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiuYi

    2011-01-01

    On the September 19th, Du Yuzhou, president of China National Textile and Apparel Council was awarded Officer of the Order of French Art and Literature, that is Ordre des Arts et des Lettre in France by Frederic Mitterand, the minister of French Culture Ministry, aiming at praising him for his artistic accomplishments and his outstanding contributions on the consistent training of China fashion design talents as well as his endless efforts to the promotion of cultural communication referring to fashion and textile industry between China and France.

  18. Immersion francaise precoce: Arts plastiques 1-7 (Early French Immersion: Plastic Arts for Grades 1-7).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burt, Andy; And Others

    This curriculum guide in art education is intended for use in grades 1-7 in the early French immersion program. An introductory chapter describes the educational objectives of the art program, the role of art education in child development, general and terminal objectives, methodology, the steps in graphic evolution, and an outline of the program.…

  19. [Empathy-building of physicians. Part III. Students exposure to literature, theatre, film and the arts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziółkowska-Rudowicz, Elzbieta; Kładna, Aleksandra

    2010-11-01

    Literature, theatrical performances, films and the arts could be used to enhance empathy among students of medicine and residents. The use of these media enables them to learn how feelings are expressed. Through study of literature and the performing arts students can also gain new insights into their own emotional responses to illness and suffering as well as into the moral and ethical issues posed by medical practice. The objective of this paper is to describe ways in which literature, film, drama, and the arts are used in medical schools to enhance empathy in students of medicine. We also want to show the rational purpose for the inclusion of these media in medical school training. We searched PubMed, ProQuest, ERIC, MedLine, and Polish Medical Bibliography (Polska Bibliografia Lekarska) published from 1990 to the present--for studies that address use of literature, drama, film and the arts for teaching empathy to medical students. Analysis of papers reporting use of different forms of literary, artistic, and performing arts productions within the context of medical education indicates that exposure to these types of media, when used properly, may trigger attitude change, foster understanding of the illness experience and enhance empathy for the patients.

  20. Process industries - graphic arts, paint, plastics, and textiles: all cousins under the skin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Frederick T.

    2002-06-01

    The origin and selection of colors in the process industries is different depending upon how the creative process is applied and what are the capabilities of the manufacturing process. The fashion industry (clothing) with its supplier of textiles is the leader of color innovation. Color may be introduced into textile products at several stages in the manufacturing process from fiber through yarn and finally into fabric. The paint industry is divided into two major applications: automotive and trades sales. Automotive colors are selected by stylists who are in the employ of the automobile manufacturers. Trade sales paint on the other hand can be decided by paint manufactureres or by invididuals who patronize custom mixing facilities. Plastics colors are for the most part decided by the industrial designers who include color as part of the design. Graphic Arts (painting) is a burgeoning industry that uses color in image reproduction and package design. Except for text, printed material in color today has become the norm rather than an exception.

  1. New Zealand plastic surgeons' life-time contribution to peer-reviewed literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brian, Tess; Adams, Brandon

    2017-05-12

    The New Zealand Medical Association commits the New Zealand doctor to evidence-based medicine, scholarship, teaching, collaboration and communication. To assess this commitment, one measure, contribution to the peer-reviewed literature, was examined for one group of New Zealand doctors: plastic surgeons. Plastic surgeons with a current practising certificate were identified on the New Zealand medical register (April 2016). Scopus database was searched for publications by each. Sixty-five surgeons authored 541 unique items in 134 journals, generating 8,047 citations. Between medical graduation and specialty qualification, a mean 1.8 items were published per practitioner (range 0-11). Twenty-three practitioners (35.4%) did not publish during this time. Between specialty qualification and the end of 2015, mean number of items published per surgeon was 7.3 (range 0-97). Thirteen (20.0%) surgeons had not published since specialist qualification. The general trend was for surgeons to become less productive with increasing time in practice. Mean surgeon h-index was 4.4 (range 0-26). Four surgeons (6.2%) had not published at any time. As a group, but with exceptions and less so in later practice, New Zealand plastic surgeons would seem to demonstrate commitment to evidence-based medicine, scholarship, teaching, collaboration and communication expected of a New Zealand doctor, as evidenced by peer-review publication.

  2. Summary of a Symposium on “Literature-Art and the Market Economy”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HuangJue; ShuChang; SallyBorthwick

    2004-01-01

    On 12 April 2003, the Symposium on Literature-Art and the Market Economy was sponsored by UNESCO's Beijing Office and co-organized by the International Social Science Journal and Social Sciences in China (Chinese edition), with over 20 participants

  3. Literature Survey Concerning State of the Art and Surface Generation in High Speed Milling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bissacco, Giuliano

    This report constitutes a short description of a literature survey concerning the state of the art and latest achievements on the rather new and powerful technology of high speed milling and its modelling, particularly looking at modelling of the generated surfaces. This task has been conducted i...

  4. On Marx's theory of literature and art--An analysis of Marx's theory of literature and art in China, “Hibiscus Town”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申晓旭

    2016-01-01

    In the basic material and spiritual civilization highly abundant today, people in the United States to explore the origin of the hearts, but also the beautiful things combined with the general law. People start from the perspective of the theory and methods to explore and reflect the value of the arts, but also more pioneer artists to join the activities. Marxist literary theory is now a mature theoretical system of Marxist literary theory and discussion of specialized and not a complete discussion, but scattered in various chapters of his book. Marxist literary theory is the nature of literature, characteristics of the basic methods and principles, laws and social action. We must be content and form of literary works into the whole production process and the complex social relationships matter to go, in a dynamic social relations be investigated, in order to grasp the real laws and principles of literature and criticism.

  5. Plastic matters: an analytical procedure to evaluate the degradability of contemporary works of art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazzari, Massimo; Ledo-Suárez, Ana; López, Thaïs; Scalarone, Dominique; López-Quintela, M Arturo

    2011-03-01

    The most significant results concerning a chemical study to evaluate the degradability of polymeric components in four contemporary works of art, partially or completely realized in plastics, are presented and discussed in this paper. The procedure applied is mainly based on the use of Fourier transform IR and UV-vis spectroscopies and pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, and consists of the following steps: (1) compositional analysis of the artworks, with particular attention to components which may have a negative effect on the overall ageing; (2) evaluation of the actual state of conservation; (3) investigation of the accelerated ageing of reference polymer samples; and (4) monitoring of the natural ageing of the artworks. On such a basis, the following could be concluded. Stage Evidence by Loris Cecchini is made of poly(ether urethane) elastomer which contains a high amount of phthalates. Their exudation gives a sticky appearance to the artwork and their removal during ageing is the main cause of the loss of flexibility. The latex used by Andrés Pinal for tailoring Traxe de Home is a natural polyisoprene, whose oxidative degradation accounts for the extensive deterioration and yellowing of the artwork. The plaster sculptures of 3D Bodyscans 1:9 by Karin Sander are coated with an aliphatic epoxy resin. Its oxidation with formation of amides is the cause of the surface yellowing. The adhesive used by Dario Villalba for Tierra, Ladrillo y Agua is a commercial poly(vinyl acetate). Simulated photoageing suggests a fast deterioration due to deacetylation and cross-linking, which possibly is the main reason for the actual detachment of debris from the support.

  6. Art, Meet Chemistry; Chemistry, Meet Art: Case Studies, Current Literature, and Instrumental Methods Combined to Create a Hands-On Experience for Nonmajors and Instrumental Analysis Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nivens, Delana A.; Padgett, Clifford W.; Chase, Jeffery M.; Verges, Katie J.; Jamieson, Deborah S.

    2010-01-01

    Case studies and current literature are combined with spectroscopic analysis to provide a unique chemistry experience for art history students and to provide a unique inquiry-based laboratory experiment for analytical chemistry students. The XRF analysis method was used to demonstrate to nonscience majors (art history students) a powerful…

  7. When is the unfamiliar the uncanny? Meaning affirmation after exposure to absurdist literature, humor, and art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proulx, Travis; Heine, Steven J; Vohs, Kathleen D

    2010-06-01

    The meaning maintenance model asserts that following a meaning threat, people will affirm any meaning frameworks that are available. Three experiments tested (a) whether people affirm alternative meaning frameworks after reading absurdist literature, (b) what role expectations play in determining whether absurdities are threatening, and (c) whether people have a heightened need for meaning following exposure to absurdist art. In Study 1, participants who read an absurd Kafka parable affirmed an alternative meaning framework more than did those who read a meaningful parable. In Study 2, participants who read an absurd Monty Python parody engaged in compensatory affirmation efforts only if they were led to expect a conventional story. In Study 3, participants who were exposed to absurdist art or reminders of their mortality, compared to participants exposed to representational or abstract art, reported higher scores on the Personal Need for Structure scale, suggesting that they experienced a heightened need for meaning.

  8. The Efficacy of Art Therapy in Pediatric Oncology Patients: An Integrative Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilar, Bree A

    Children undergoing cancer treatment experience detrimental adverse side effects that may be addressed with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) such as art therapy. The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of art therapy in pediatric patients living with cancer. An integrative literature review was conducted using the CINAHL, OVID Medline, and PsycINFO databases. Studies were included if they were a primary source utilizing an art therapy intervention in children with cancer age birth to 18years old, was published between the year 2000 and 2016, and written in the English language. Seven primary sources met inclusion criteria. Few studies were reported in this review. Findings of this review suggest that children who participated in various forms of drawing interventions exhibited enhanced communication with family members and healthcare providers. Additionally, children were able to better express underlying emotions, developed more effective coping skills, and experienced a reduction in adverse side effects. Implementing a drawing intervention or other forms of art into the holistic care of a pediatric oncology patient may assist in maximizing quality of life and allow for a more tolerable lifestyle. Acquiring a means of proper communication with children through art allows nurses to gain insight on the needs of this special patient population, resulting in a higher quality plan of care. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Constituents of Music and Visual-Art Related Pleasure - A Critical Integrative Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiihonen, Marianne; Brattico, Elvira; Maksimainen, Johanna; Wikgren, Jan; Saarikallio, Suvi

    2017-01-01

    The present literature review investigated how pleasure induced by music and visual-art has been conceptually understood in empirical research over the past 20 years. After an initial selection of abstracts from seven databases (keywords: pleasure, reward, enjoyment, and hedonic), twenty music and eleven visual-art papers were systematically compared. The following questions were addressed: (1) What is the role of the keyword in the research question? (2) Is pleasure considered a result of variation in the perceiver's internal or external attributes? (3) What are the most commonly employed methods and main variables in empirical settings? Based on these questions, our critical integrative analysis aimed to identify which themes and processes emerged as key features for conceptualizing art-induced pleasure. The results demonstrated great variance in how pleasure has been approached: In the music studies pleasure was often a clear object of investigation, whereas in the visual-art studies the term was often embedded into the context of an aesthetic experience, or used otherwise in a descriptive, indirect sense. Music studies often targeted different emotions, their intensity or anhedonia. Biographical and background variables and personality traits of the perceiver were often measured. Next to behavioral methods, a common method was brain imaging which often targeted the reward circuitry of the brain in response to music. Visual-art pleasure was also frequently addressed using brain imaging methods, but the research focused on sensory cortices rather than the reward circuit alone. Compared with music research, visual-art research investigated more frequently pleasure in relation to conscious, cognitive processing, where the variations of stimulus features and the changing of viewing modes were regarded as explanatory factors of the derived experience. Despite valence being frequently applied in both domains, we conclude, that in empirical music research pleasure

  10. Constituents of Music and Visual-Art Related Pleasure – A Critical Integrative Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiihonen, Marianne; Brattico, Elvira; Maksimainen, Johanna; Wikgren, Jan; Saarikallio, Suvi

    2017-01-01

    The present literature review investigated how pleasure induced by music and visual-art has been conceptually understood in empirical research over the past 20 years. After an initial selection of abstracts from seven databases (keywords: pleasure, reward, enjoyment, and hedonic), twenty music and eleven visual-art papers were systematically compared. The following questions were addressed: (1) What is the role of the keyword in the research question? (2) Is pleasure considered a result of variation in the perceiver’s internal or external attributes? (3) What are the most commonly employed methods and main variables in empirical settings? Based on these questions, our critical integrative analysis aimed to identify which themes and processes emerged as key features for conceptualizing art-induced pleasure. The results demonstrated great variance in how pleasure has been approached: In the music studies pleasure was often a clear object of investigation, whereas in the visual-art studies the term was often embedded into the context of an aesthetic experience, or used otherwise in a descriptive, indirect sense. Music studies often targeted different emotions, their intensity or anhedonia. Biographical and background variables and personality traits of the perceiver were often measured. Next to behavioral methods, a common method was brain imaging which often targeted the reward circuitry of the brain in response to music. Visual-art pleasure was also frequently addressed using brain imaging methods, but the research focused on sensory cortices rather than the reward circuit alone. Compared with music research, visual-art research investigated more frequently pleasure in relation to conscious, cognitive processing, where the variations of stimulus features and the changing of viewing modes were regarded as explanatory factors of the derived experience. Despite valence being frequently applied in both domains, we conclude, that in empirical music research pleasure

  11. Celestial sleuth using astronomy to solve mysteries in art, history and literature

    CERN Document Server

    Olson, Donald W

    2013-01-01

    For a general audience interested in solving mysteries in art, history, and literature using the methods of science, 'forensic astronomy'  is a thrilling new field of exploration. Astronomical calculations are the basis of the studies, which have the advantage of bringing to readers both evocative images and a better understanding of the skies. Weather facts, volcano studies, topography, tides, historical letters and diaries, famous paintings, military records, and the friendly assistance of experts in related fields add variety, depth, and interest to the work. The chosen topics are selected

  12. Thoracic outlet syndrome: wide literature for few cases. Status of the art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doneddu, Pietro Emiliano; Coraci, Daniele; De Franco, Paola; Paolasso, Ilaria; Caliandro, Pietro; Padua, Luca

    2017-03-01

    Despite its low prevalence and incidence, considerable debate exists in the literature on thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). From literature analysis on nerve entrapments, we realized that TOS is the second most commonly published entrapment syndrome in the literature (after carpal tunnel syndrome) and that it is even more reported than ulnar neuropathy at elbow, which, instead, is very frequent. Despite the large amount of articles, there is still controversy regarding its classification, clinical picture, diagnostic objective findings, diagnostic modalities, therapeutical strategies and outcomes. While some experts believe that TOS is underrated, overlooked and very frequent, others even doubt its existence as a nosological entity. In the attempt to shed more light on this condition, we performed a systematic review of the literature and report evidence and opinions around this controversial subject. Only articles focused on neurogenic TOS were considered. Understanding the status of the art and the underlying reasons of doubts and weaknesses could help clinical practice and set the stage for future research.

  13. The Transducer Function: An Introduction to a Theoretical Typology in Electronic Literature and Digital Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Seiça

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this essay I introduce the notion of transducer function in the fields of electronic literature and digital art. Firstly, I survey the transduction concept throughout its history in such domains as physics, genetics, microbiology, biochemistry, physiology, psychology, philosophy, logic and computer science. Secondly, I discuss the relevance of a transduction theory versus the advantage of a transducer function. I migrate the transduction concept into the fields of electronic literature and digital art, showcasing the contexts of application, and several transfer processes and functions. Finally, I apply the transducer function as a theoretical typology and a recognizable system, highlighting some artworks by R. Luke DuBois, André Sier and Scott Rettberg that can be read within this framework. Thus, it means taking into account a set of transfer and conversion processes: information, patterns and data among mechanisms, technologies, themes, creative and theoretical guidelines. In this sense, I develop a critical framework that operates as a method for analyzing and comprehend further digital artworks.

  14. Arts, literature and reflective writing as educational strategies to promote narrative reasoning capabilities among physiotherapy students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caeiro, Carmen; Cruz, Eduardo Brazete; Pereira, Carla Mendes

    2014-11-01

    The use of arts, literature and reflective writing has becoming increasingly popular in health professionals education. However, research examining its contribution as an educational strategy to promote narrative reasoning capabilities is limited, particularly from the students' perspective. This study aimed to explore the final year physiotherapy students' perspectives about the contribution of arts, literature and reflective writing in facilitating narrative reasoning capabilities. Three focus group meetings using a semi-structured interview schedule were carried out to collect data. Focus group sessions were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to conduct the study and analyze the transcripts. Three themes emerged: (1) developmental understanding of the patients' experiences; (2) developmental understanding about the self; and (3) embedding reflection in clinical practice. Students emphasized an increasing capability to be sensitive and vicariously experience the patient's experience. Through reflective writing, students reported they became more capable of thinking critically about their practice and learning needs for continuous professional development. Finally, students highlighted the contribution of these strategies in making reflection part of their practice. Final year physiotherapy students reported enhanced skills of narrative reasoning. The findings support the inclusion of these strategies within the undergraduate physiotherapy curricula.

  15. Threads of Change in 19th Century American Literature: A Language Arts Unit for Grades 7-9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crossett, Becky F.; And Others

    This unit of study for junior-high level high-ability language arts students explores five themes in 19th century American history through literature of the times: romanticism, transcendentalism, abolitionism, industrialism, and feminism. Each of the five "isms" has its own "literature box" that contains appropriate documents…

  16. Artfulness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    2011-01-01

    a collage of previously published materials on Artfulness, in this journal targeted teachers for dysfunctional behaviour children.......a collage of previously published materials on Artfulness, in this journal targeted teachers for dysfunctional behaviour children....

  17. Artfulness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    2011-01-01

    a collage of previously published materials on Artfulness, in this journal targeted teachers for dysfunctional behaviour children.......a collage of previously published materials on Artfulness, in this journal targeted teachers for dysfunctional behaviour children....

  18. Literature review of the lifetime of DOE materials: Aging of plastic bonded explosives and the explosives and polymers contained therein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burgess, C.E.; Woodyard, J.D. [West Texas A and M Univ., Canyon, TX (United States); Rainwater, K.A. [Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock, TX (United States); Lightfoot, J.M. [Pantex Plant, Amarillo, TX (United States); Richardson, B.R. [Engineered Carbons, Inc., Borger, TX (United States)

    1998-09-01

    There are concerns about the lifetime of the nation`s stockpile of high explosives (HEs) and their components. The DOE`s Core Surveillance and Enhanced Surveillance programs specifically target degradation of HE, binders, and plastic-bonded explosives (PBXs) for determination of component lifetimes and handling procedures. The principal goal of this project is to identify the decomposition mechanisms of HEs, plasticizers, and plastic polymer binders resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation, heat, and humidity. The primary HEs of concern are 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) and 1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazocyclooctane (HMX). Hexahydro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) is closely related to these two compounds and is also included in the literature review. Both Kel-F 800 and Estane are polymers of interest. A stabilizer, Irganox 1010, and an energetic plasticizer that is a blend of acetaldehyde 2,2-dinitropropyl acetal, are also of interest, but the focus of this report will be on the explosives and polymers. This presents a literature review that provides background on the synthesis, degradation, and techniques to analyze TATB, HMX, RDX, Kel-F 800, Estane, and the PBXs of these compounds. As there are many factors that can influence degradation of materials, the degradation discussion will be divided into sections based on each factor and how it might affect the degradation mechanism. The factors reviewed that influence the degradation of these materials are exposure to heat, UV- and {gamma}-irradiation, and the chemistry of these compounds. The report presents a recently compiled accounting of the available literature. 80 refs., 7 figs.

  19. THINKING ART, POETRY AND LITERATURE OF PERSPECTIVE BY JEAN-LUC NANCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Oleriano Monteiro Filho

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Luc Nancy, one of the most influential philosophers of today, is part of a group to some extent antagonistic. Marked by Heidegger's phenomenology, for a certain Hegelianism and the grounds of literary criticism of Maurice Blanchot, Nancy is coming from philosophers like Derrida and Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe. He teaches philosophy at the Faculty of Philosophy, Science of Language and Communication at the University of Strasbourg. Author of several works, his thoughts are evoked by quotations from scholarly works in many different areas. In this study, without attempting to exhaust the subject, we will discuss art, poetry and literature in light of the thought of Nancy, also featuring, when needed, the help of other established names.

  20. Vagabond Figures in Slovenian Visual Art and Literature at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Simonišek

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The article explores the relationship between visual and literary motifs in Slovenian painting (and illustration, graphics, and drawing and literature (both prose and poetry at the beginning of the twentieth century. It uses examples to show the popularity and rich variety of vagabond figures and their transformations and reciprocity at the level of the painting/text. However, a distinctive feature of this article is that it places the subject within the context of hermeneutics, a method that has not been used in Slovenian art history. In addition, it also reveals the symbolic complexity of the vagabond figure in the context of writers, other works, and social-historical circumstances. The emphasis is placed on artists that showed enthusiasm for this figure as a subject during the Belle Époque and also those that followed the very popular bohemian lifestyle in their everyday lives. The reception of Slovenian folk and traditional motifs from the past produced visual and semantic oscillation in which the phenomena of vagabond figures were systematized and interpreted. Many painters (e.g., Gvidon Birolla, and Maksim Gaspari and writers (e.g., Oton Župančič, Cvetko Golar, and Ivan Cankar clung to the Slovenian tradition with romantic overtones and, in line with their artistic atmosphere, integrated vagabond figures into typical Slovenian landscapes or environments. Some of them followed Symbolism and modernized the figures with autobiographical references (e.g., Fran Tratnik. The situation among the youngest generation of artists in particular showed that they managed to “escape” from copying traditional motifs and instead used them in a modern form in the “here and now” (e.g., Ivan Cankar. The discrepancy between the lack of the vagabond theme in oil painting and strong diversification in illustration, drawing, graphics, and literature could be explained by consumers’ perceived difference between “high” and “popular” art.

  1. The Effect of Financial Conflicts of Interest in Plastic Surgery Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leavitt, Adam; Pace, Elizabeth; Reintgen, Christian; Mast, Bruce A

    2016-06-01

    Medical research has a long history of joint venture between commercial entities and nonindustry researchers. Significant concern exists among accrediting bodies for medical education and federal granting agencies that conflicts of interest (COIs) exist that affect the validity of the research. This study evaluates the legitimacy of this concern.All clinical breast and cosmetic articles in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Annals of Plastic Surgery were reviewed for calendar year 2013. If a financial disclosure was present, the article was then reviewed to determine if the subject/findings were in favor of the commercial conflict and, if so, whether the study was valid. To assess plastic surgery versus other specialties, articles from Dermatology and Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery were similarly reviewed from January to April of 2013.Two hundred seventy-two clinical articles were reviewed. Only 15 (5.5%) had a true COI: the article's findings favored the commercial interest of at least 1 author: for each journal, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 7.7%; Annals of Plastic Surgery, 3.3%; Dermatology, 2.2%; Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 7.5%. Conflicts of interest were not statistically significant between pooled articles of plastic surgery versus dermatology/orthopedics. However, COI was statistically greater (P = 0.05) in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery compared with Annals and Dermatology.Despite public and regulatory concerns, this assessment demonstrates that the peer-review process of leading journals polices true COIs. Published articles provide sound research despite presumed COIs. As such, the integrity and validity of published research remain high.

  2. Residency characteristics that matter most to plastic surgery applicants: a multi-institutional analysis and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinno, Sammy; Mehta, Karan; Squitieri, Lee; Ranganathan, Kavitha; Koeckert, Michael S; Patel, Ashit; Saadeh, Pierre B; Thanik, Vishal

    2015-06-01

    The National Residency Matching Program Match is a very unique process in which applicants and programs are coupled to each other based on a ranking system. Although several studies have assessed features plastic surgery programs look for in applicants, no study in the present plastic surgery literature identifies which residency characteristics are most important to plastic surgery applicants. Therefore, we sought to perform a multi-institutional assessment as to which factors plastic surgery residency applicants consider most important when applying for residency. A validated and anonymous questionnaire containing 37 items regarding various program characteristics was e-mailed to 226 applicants to New York University, Albany, University of Michigan, and University of Southern California plastic surgery residency programs. Applicants were asked to rate each feature on a scale from 1 to 10, with 10 being the most important. The 37 variables were ranked by the sum of the responses. The median rating and interquartile range as well as the mean for each factor was then calculated. A Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to compare medians in rank order. A total of 137 completed questionnaires were returned, yielding a 61% response rate. The characteristics candidates considered most important were impressions during the interview, experiences during away rotations, importance placed on resident training/support/mentoring by faculty, personal experiences with residents, and the amount of time spent in general surgery. The characteristics candidates considered least important were second-look experiences, compensation/benefits, program reputation from Internet forums, accessibility of program coordinator, opportunity for laboratory research, and fellowship positions available at the program. Applicants value personal contact and time spent in general surgery when selecting residency programs. As the number of integrated programs continues to grow, programs will benefit

  3. ARTS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mahadevan, Shankar; Virk, Kashif M.; Madsen, Jan

    2007-01-01

    . We present an abstract system-level modelling and simulation framework (ARTS) which allows for cross-layer modelling and analysis covering the application layer, middleware layer, and hardware layer. ARTS allows MPSoC designers to explore and analyze the network performance under different traffic...... and load conditions, consequences of different task mappings to processors (software or hardware) including memory and power usage, and effects of RTOS selection, including scheduling, synchronization and resource allocation policies. We present the application and platform models of ARTS as well...... as their implementation in SystemC. We present the usage of the ARTS framework as seen from platform developers’ point of view, where new components may be created and integrated into the framework, and from application designers’ point of view, where existing components are used to explore possible implementations...

  4. Linking Science and Language Arts: A Review of the Literature Which Compares Integrated versus Non-Integrated Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradbury, Leslie U.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review the literature published during the last 20 years that investigates the impact of approaches that describe themselves as integrating science and language arts on student learning and/or attitude at the elementary level. The majority of papers report that integrated approaches led to greater student…

  5. The state-of-the-art in short-term prediction of wind power. A literature overview

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giebel, G.; Brownsword, R.; Kariniotakis, G.

    2003-08-01

    Based on an appropriate questionnaire (WP1.1) and some other works already in progress, this report details the state-of-the-art in short term prediction of wind power, mostly summarising nearly all existing literature on the topic. (au)

  6. Plastics Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Tommy G.

    This curriculum guide is designed to assist junior high schools industrial arts teachers in planning new courses and revising existing courses in plastics technology. Addressed in the individual units of the guide are the following topics: introduction to production technology; history and development of plastics; safety; youth leadership,…

  7. Values of Literature and Art in War Times in Liberated Areas and Contemporary Literature and Art Creation%解放区抗战文艺价值与当代文艺创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方伟

    2012-01-01

    As the first important feature of the values of literature and art spirit in the liberated areas during the war time, lofty sense and sublime beauty should be the basis of current literature and art theory and practice. The creative and innovative spirit of literature and art in liberated areas shows Chinese nation self-renewal ability and excavating ability on humanistic spirit. Therefore current literature and art practice has much rational identification with innovative ideas, and historical reasons and psychological and emotional demands for continuation and reference. The popularity feature of literature and art in war times in liberated areas is decided by the property of war, which is on the basis of popularity. Faced with many-sided, diversified and multi-dimensional development of current literature and art creation practice, the popularity should have deeper explanation on modernity and social humanity situation. That is the continuous stratification of social population structure has made it possible for current recognition and practical using for popularity.%作为解放区抗战文艺精神价值的首要特质,崇高感和崇高美应成为当下文学艺术实践与理论建构的审美基石;解放区抗战文艺的创造和创新精神,表现出在战争条件下中华民族的自我接续能力和人文精神的发掘能力,对此,在当下的文学艺术实践中,之于创新理念的必然实施不仅有了更多的理性认同,而且也有着必定延续借鉴的历史因由与心理情感的主观诉求;解放区抗战文艺的大众性是由战争本质所决定的,而它的多样性也是建立在大众性基础之上的,面对当下文艺创作实践多方面、多样性和多向度的发展,对大众性应该有着现代性和社会人文状况不断深化的阐释——社会人口结构的持续阶层化,为大众性的当下认知和实际运用提供了可能性。

  8. Evolution of representation of the hands in plastic arts A evolução da representação da mão nas artes plásticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trajano Sardenberg

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available The interaction between art and science was high during the Renaissance and it declined later to return significantly in the 20th century, mainly with the use of identification techniques, dating of art works and the development of new materials. The relationship between plastic arts and hand surgery is intense and artistic reproductions of hands are frequent in the illustration of scientific texts. With the objective of understanding the role of the hand in plastic arts, reproductions of works of art (sculptures and paintings representative of several periods or styles in the history of art were analyzed emphasizing the study of the hands. Anatomical details, relationship with other structures of the human body, role in the composition and symbolic aspects of the hands were studied in historical and artistic contexts of art works in the Paleolithic period (pre-history until the 20th century. The representation of the hands in plastic arts is directly related to the style or period of the work and to the individual ability of interpretation and execution by the artist.A interação entre arte e ciência foi intensa durante o Renascimento, sofrendo declínio nos anos posteriores com retomada significativa no século XX, principalmente com o uso de técnicas de identificação, datação de obras de arte e o desenvolvimento de novos materiais. O relacionamento entre artes plásticas e Cirurgia da Mão mantêm-se intenso , sendo freqüente o uso de reproduções artísticas da mão nas ilustrações de textos científicos. Objetivando compreender o papel da mão nas artes plásticas, reproduções de obras de artes (esculturas e pinturas representativas de vários estilos ou períodos da história da arte foram analisadas com enfoque no estudo das mãos. Detalhes anatômicos, relacionamento com outras estruturas do corpo humano, papel na composição e aspectos simbólicos das mãos foram estudados no contexto histórico e artístico de obras de

  9. Literature study report of plasticity induced anisotropic damage modeling for forming processes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Niazi, M.S.

    2009-01-01

    A literature study report covering the topics; micromechanics of damage, continuum damage mechanics (gurson model and effective variable concept) and the dependence of damage on strain rate and temperature.

  10. Literature study report of plasticity induced anisotropic damage modeling for forming processes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Niazi, Muhammad Sohail

    2009-01-01

    A literature study report covering the topics; micromechanics of damage, continuum damage mechanics (gurson model and effective variable concept) and the dependence of damage on strain rate and temperature.

  11. The impact of participation in performing arts on adolescent health and behaviour: a systematic review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daykin, Norma; Orme, Judy; Evans, David; Salmon, Debra; McEachran, Malcolm; Brain, Sarah

    2008-03-01

    This article reports a systematic review of literature published between 1994 and 2004 on the effects of performing arts for health in young people aged 11-18. The review includes research on music, performance, drama and dance in community settings and non-curricular mainstream education. A total of 17 electronic databases were searched and 3670 papers identified, 104 of which met relevance criteria. Full text scrutiny of 85 papers was undertaken and 14 of these were identified for review. The research was heterogeneous, making overall synthesis of results inappropriate. The review demonstrates that research on the impact of the performing arts on young people is at a relatively early stage.

  12. The influence of social media and easily accessible online information on the aesthetic plastic surgery practice: literature review and our own experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montemurro, Paolo; Porcnik, Ales; Hedén, Per; Otte, Maximilian

    2015-04-01

    Patients interested in aesthetic plastic surgery procedures increasingly seek advice on social media and rely on easily accessible online information. The investigatory goal was to determine the impact of this phenomenon on the everyday aesthetic plastic surgery practice. Five hundred consecutive patients completed a questionnaire prior to their consultation with a plastic surgeon at our clinic. A questionnaire was also completed by 128 plastic surgeons practising in 19 different countries. A literature review was performed. Almost all patients (95%) used the internet to collect information prior to consultation, for 68% of them it being their first search method. Social media were used by 46% of patients and 40% of these were strongly influenced when choosing a specific doctor. The majority of plastic surgeons (85%) thought the information found on social media could lead to unrealistic expectations. However, 45% of plastic surgeons believed that their consultations became easier after the advent of social media, 29% found them more difficult. A literature review showed a high percentage of poor quality internet websites regarding plastic surgery and an increase in use of social media among plastic surgeons. The internet and social media play an important and growing role in plastic surgery. This results in more informed patients but may create unrealistic expectations. Even if the internet provides ample information, it cannot replace the face-to-face consultation, which always should remain a detailed process, covering both risks and limitations of alternative procedures. Available literature on how social media influences the medical practice is still scarce and further research is needed. This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

  13. Art therapy for people with psychosis: a narrative review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attard, Angelica; Larkin, Michael

    2016-11-01

    Art therapy enables individuals to use art to creatively express themselves and communicate differently with themselves, others, and their reality. The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines for psychosis and schizophrenia suggest that arts therapies, which include art therapy, are considered to improve negative symptoms of psychosis. We examined the effectiveness of art therapy for people with psychosis and explored whether art therapy is a meaningful and acceptable intervention in this Review. Seven electronic databases were searched for empirical papers that concerned the use of art therapy for adults with psychosis that were published from 2007 onwards. The search identified 18 papers. High-quality quantitative articles provided inconclusive evidence for the effectiveness of art therapy in adults with psychosis. However, high-quality qualitative articles indicated that therapists and clients considered art therapy to be a beneficial, meaningful, and acceptable intervention, although this conclusion was based on a small number of studies. In this Review, we discuss the theoretical, clinical, and methodological issues in light of the development of more robust research, which is needed to corroborate individuals' experiences and guide evidence-based practice.

  14. Linking Science and Language Arts: A Review of the Literature Which Compares Integrated Versus Non-integrated Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradbury, Leslie U.

    2014-06-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review the literature published during the last 20 years that investigates the impact of approaches that describe themselves as integrating science and language arts on student learning and/or attitude at the elementary level. The majority of papers report that integrated approaches led to greater student achievement in science and language arts across elementary grade levels. Additionally, integrated approaches facilitate improved attitudes toward both science and reading. The second section of the findings provides an overview of the types of pedagogical approaches used in the classrooms described in the studies. At all grade levels, teachers linked a variety of strategies including read-alouds, independent reading, at home reading, and writing in various genres that connected hands-on science activities to language arts skills.

  15. Language Arts Teachers' Resistance to Teaching LGBT Literature and Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thein, Amanda Haertling

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, scholars and other educators have encouraged language arts teachers to include LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender) issues and texts in their classrooms. Despite these efforts, scholars have pointed out that LGBT perspectives are seldom included in language arts pedagogy. Studies of teacher attitudes toward addressing LGBT…

  16. Language Arts Teachers' Resistance to Teaching LGBT Literature and Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thein, Amanda Haertling

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, scholars and other educators have encouraged language arts teachers to include LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender) issues and texts in their classrooms. Despite these efforts, scholars have pointed out that LGBT perspectives are seldom included in language arts pedagogy. Studies of teacher attitudes toward addressing LGBT…

  17. Art Therapy and Flow: A Review of the Literature and Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chilton, Gioia

    2013-01-01

    Flow is a construct developed by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi that describes a psychological state of optimal attention and engagement. Creativity and improved well-being have been empirically linked to the flow experience; therefore, the study of flow has implications for art therapy research and practice. Art therapists may facilitate personal growth…

  18. Art Therapy and Flow: A Review of the Literature and Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chilton, Gioia

    2013-01-01

    Flow is a construct developed by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi that describes a psychological state of optimal attention and engagement. Creativity and improved well-being have been empirically linked to the flow experience; therefore, the study of flow has implications for art therapy research and practice. Art therapists may facilitate personal growth…

  19. The Black Arts Movement and African American Young Adult Literature: An Evaluation of Narrative Style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Laretta

    2005-01-01

    In this article I question whether or not African American young adult literature serves as a primer for, and a version of, African American adult literature. Using the Black Aesthetic as my literary theory and the Coretta Scott King Award as the young adult canon, I note that while the content of adolescent literature is consistent with the…

  20. Frauen in Literatur und Kunst der Frühen Neuzeit Women in Early Modern Literature and Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annett Volmer

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Die Alternation von kunsthistorischen und literaturwissenschaftlichen Beiträgen, die in diesem Band als Dokumentation einer Tagung aus dem Jahr 2000 publiziert werden, bildet die einzig erkennbare Struktur des Sammelbandes. Hinter dem unspektakulären Titel verbirgt sich kein überzeugendes Konzept. Obwohl jeder Beitrag für sich genommen überaus interessant ist, fehlen dem Band verbindende Kategorien, die über „Frau“ und „Frühe Neuzeit“ hinausgehen.The contributions’ thematic alternation between art history and literary scholarship forms the only obvious structure of this anthology, which is a publication of the results of a conference from the year 2000. Behind the unspectacular title there is no persuasive concept. Although each contribution is very interesting when taken alone, the volume is lacking unifying categories that go beyond “woman” and the “early modern.”

  1. RECENT METHODS FOR OPTIMIZATION OF PLASTIC INJECTION MOLDING PROCESS –A RETROSPECTIVE AND LITERATURE REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.K. Bharti

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Injection molding has been a challenging process for many manufacturers and researchers to produce products meeting requirements at the lowest cost. Faced with global competition in injection molding industry, using the trialand- error approach to determine the process parameters for injection molding is no longer good enough. Factors that affect the quality of a molded part can be classified into four categories: part design, mold design, machineperformance and processing conditions. The part and mold design are assumed as established and fixed. During production, quality characteristics may deviate due to drifting or shifting of processing conditions caused by machine wear, environmental change or operator fatigue. Determining optimal process parameter settings critically influences productivity, quality, and cost of production in the plastic injection molding (PIM industry. Previously, production engineers used either trial-and-error method or Taguchi’s parameter design method to determine optimal process parameter settings for PIM. However, these methods are unsuitable in present PIM because of the increasing complexity of product design and the requirement of multi-response quality characteristics. This article aims to review the recent research in designing and determining process parameters of injection molding. A number of research works based on various approaches have been performed in the domain of the parameter setting for injection molding. These approaches, including mathematical models, Taguchi method, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN,Fuzzy logic, Case Based Reasoning (CBR, Genetic Algorithms (GA, Finite Element Method(FEM,Non Linear Modeling, Response Surface Methodology, Linear Regression Analysis ,Grey Rational Analysis and Principle Component Analysis (PCA are described in this article. The strength and theweakness of individual approaches are discussed. It is then followed by conclusions and discussions of the potential

  2. Plastic Fishes

    CERN Multimedia

    Trettnak, Wolfgang

    2015-01-01

    In terms of weight, the plastic pollution in the world’s oceans is estimated to be around 300,000 tonnes. This plastic comes from both land-based and ocean-based sources. A lecture at CERN by chemist Wolfgang Trettnak addressed this issue and highlighted the role of art in raising people’s awareness. The slideshow below gives you a taste of the artworks by Wolfgang Trettnak and Margarita Cimadevila.

  3. Decorative Integration or Relevant Learning? A Literature Review of Studio Arts-Based Management Education with Recommendations for Teaching and Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz-Buonincontro, Jen

    2015-01-01

    This review presents a synthesis of the state of arts-based management education scholarship, with teaching and research recommendations. To begin, the lack of creativity and empathy development in management students is presented. Next, literature-based descriptions of arts-based management exercises focus on how to use improvisational theatre,…

  4. The Prosperity of the Abbasid Literature and Art%阿拔斯王朝的文艺繁荣

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    劳凌玲

    2013-01-01

    作为社会意识形态之一的文艺所涵盖的范围很广,主要是文学和艺术的统称。横跨亚非欧的阿拔斯王朝形成了统一的阿拉伯大帝国局面,政治经济发展达到前所未有的水平,社会生活稳定繁荣,由此导致文艺的发展进入一个高峰期,不仅诗歌散文等各种文学形式无论是在形式上还是内容上都勇于冲破旧规,探索求新,各种文学流派和风格层出不穷,而且建筑、绘画等艺术也得到了极大的发展。因此,阿拔斯王朝被后人誉为“阿拉伯文艺发展的黄金时代”。%Literature and art are a form of highly inclusive social ideology. The Abbasid Dynasty which stretched across Asia, Africa and Europe constituted a great unified Arab empire, whose political and economic development reached an unprecedented level, and social life remained stable and prosperous. As a result, its literature and art reached the acme when poetry, prose and other forms of literature broke old rules in quest of novelty both in form and content, and various literary genres and styles emerged. Moreover, its architecture, painting and other arts also developed greatly in that period. Therefore, the Abbasid Dynasty was praised afterwards as the"golden age of Arab literary development.

  5. Surgical treatment of primary melanoma of the umbilicus with sentinel lymph node biopsy and plastic reconstruction: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaccagna, A; Siatis, D; Pisacane, A; Giacone, E; Picciotto, F

    2011-03-01

    AIMS, PATIENTS AND METHODS: The umbilical melanoma is rare, and the surgical treatment can create difficulties for both radical excision and plastic reconstruction. Our aims are to present a case of primary melanoma of the umbilicus and to discuss the best surgical treatment, as well as review the relevant literature. Surgical excision of primary melanoma of the umbilicus must be carried out to reach the peritoneum. Sentinel lymph node biopsy must be carried as well as plastic reconstruction. Despite the progress in new medical therapy for melanoma, suitable surgical excision is, at present, the only treatment able to improve patient prognosis. In this report we describe the surgical treatment and plastic reconstruction of a case of umbilical melanoma. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Rags and Riches in Modern American Literature, Language Arts, English: 5113.89.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    This course guide is designed to help the student view some of the many facets of American society as they are portrayed in literature. Materials suggested are "The Great Gatsby,""The Grapes of Wrath,""All My Sons," and "They Shoot Horses, Don't They?" Performance objectives for students include identifying the rags and riches theme in American…

  7. The Effectiveness of Popular Culture as an Advance Organizer for Literature in High School Language Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, John R.

    2010-01-01

    This study addressed the following research questions: (1) Will there be a statistically significant difference between the reading achievement scores of eleventh-grade students who received instruction implementing popular culture as an advance organizer for literature and the scores of the students who did not? (2) What are the perceptions of…

  8. Astronomy Teaching through the Humanities: Literature, the Visual Arts and More

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraknoi, A.; Greenstein, George

    2004-12-01

    We will examine how the humanities -- the visual arts, science fiction, poetry, music, etc. -- can be used in teaching introductory astronomy courses for non-science majors. A number of instructors have found innovative ways to show how astronomy has a deep influence on other areas of human culture and how the humanities can illuminate our students' understanding of the universe. A few astronomers are also making original contributions at the interface of astronomy and the humanities. The panel of speakers for the session will consists of: Gregory Benford (U. of California, Irvine): Using Science Fiction to Teach Astronomy: Promise and Pitfalls William Hartmann (Planetary Science Institute): Science and Art in the Classroom Andrew Fraknoi (Foothill College & A.S.P.): The Humanities in the Astronomy Classroom: Activities and Projects George Greenstein (Amherst College) will be the session moderator. Time will be set aside for brief summaries of the poster papers associated with this session and for discussion. Participants will receive a resource guide to using the humanities for astronomy teaching.

  9. All Sincere Friends in Art and Literature: the Nationalist Mark in Angelina

    OpenAIRE

    Flores Monroy, Mariana

    2010-01-01

    This essay’s objective is to describe the characteristics of nationalism which appear in Angelina (1893), Rafael Delgado’s second novel. In order to expand on this subject the author relies mainly on some of Ignacio Manuel Altamirano’s considerations regarding the creation of a national literature, which took place in the late 19th Century. Furthermore, the author tries to cast light on the opposition between this tendency and Modernism, starting from the fact that representatives of both sha...

  10. Welfare State Development in Central and Eastern Europe: A State of the Art Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragos Adascalitei

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The welfare states in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE have undergone massive changes since the beginning of the 1990s. This paper reviews the literature on welfare state development in CEE in light of the theories that have been used to study advanced capitalist democracies. Its purpose is to critically assess the extent to which different theories can explain changes in the welfare state during and after transition. It argues that until now two strands of literature have crystallised: institutionalism and actor-centred explanations. Institutionalists agree that welfare reforms are limited by the path dependence of the national welfare state structures though this framework is biased towards explaining stability. Recent literature seeks to overcome this bias by adding variables that traditionally belong to the actor-centred paradigm. This essay will argue that the gains from such an approach are exceeded by losses in the accuracy and parsimony of explanations. Further, in the actor-centred camp the welfare state is seen as a product of bargaining between various national and international actors. Yet the debate about who is responsible for the present welfare state arrangements is far from over. Unanswered questions revolve around the impact of political parties and ideologies on welfare reforms, the role of bureaucracies, the efficiency of international financial institutions in advocating retrenchment and the precise mechanisms through which all the above actors defend their interests.

  11. Pulse shape discrimination between (fast or thermal) neutrons and gamma rays with plastic scintillators: State of the art

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bertrand, Guillaume H.V. [CEA, LIST, Laboratoire Capteurs & Architectures Électroniques, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex (France); Hamel, Matthieu, E-mail: matthieu.hamel@cea.fr [CEA, LIST, Laboratoire Capteurs & Architectures Électroniques, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex (France); Normand, Stéphane [CEA, DAM, Le Ponant, 25 rue Leblanc, F-75015 Paris (France); Sguerra, Fabien [CEA, LIST, Laboratoire Capteurs & Architectures Électroniques, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex (France)

    2015-03-11

    We would like to present here with the eyes of the chemist the most recent developments of plastic scintillators (PS) for neutron detection. This review covers the period from 2000 to August 2014, and is fragmented in two main chapters. The first chapter deals with the chemical modifications for thermal neutron capture, whereas the second chapter presents the various strategies used to enhance the response to fast neutrons via pulse shape discrimination. For each chapter the theory is also explained.

  12. Review and Introspection of the Utilitarian Concept of Literature and Art%文艺功利观的回顾与反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建东

    2012-01-01

    文艺功利观是国内外文艺理论界历来争议最大的核心问题之一。早期的哲人和文艺理论家注重文艺的娱乐功能;之后,有趋同于文艺的政治功能的倾向。近百年来,我们对文艺功利观的理解,往往出现两个极端。目前我们面临当代文艺发展的新时期,对文艺功利观的重新认识,有利于消除商品大潮裹胁而来的负面影响,对厘清文艺作为审美意识形态的特殊功能,对繁荣社会主义文艺的健康发展,具有一定的理论意义。%The literature and art utilitarian concept has always been one of the core problems argued in the theoretical circles both at home and abroad.In the early days,philosophers and theorists of literature and art attached importance to its recreational function.Then,there was a tendency of reaching unanimity with the political function.In the recent hundred years,there were usually two extremes of understanding the utilitarian concept of the literature and art.At present,we are facing the new age of developing literature and art.The new recognition of utilitarian concept of the new literature and art is helpful to the reduction of the negative influence which comes with the commodity tide.It is of great significance to the clarification of art's particular function as an aesthetic ideology and the healthy development of the socialist literature and art..

  13. A preface to theory of art-fear in Brazilian literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio França

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2012n62p341 There is no tradition in the study of horror in Brazilian literature; with Álvares de Azevedo”s tales of Noite na Taverna generally considered as the only example of Gothic, terror or horror narrative quoted in literary history. This article aims to demonstrate that there are several works in Brazilian literature which could be classified as “fear literature”—a fictional narrative that produces “artistic fear”. In fact, some of the most important Brazilian authors, including Machado de Assis, Bernardo Guimarães, Aluísio Azevedo, Inglês de Souza, João do Rio, Humberto de Campos and Coelho Neto, penned works in the macabre during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. However, critics were either unable to identify them as works of horror or paid no attention to an area of fiction in which social problems were not realistically represented. Therefore, research in this field must first identify the basic characteristics of fictional horror in our country. We are interested in (i the real fears represented in Brazilian fiction, be them caused by either the natural or supernatural, and in (ii the narrative features which produce the effect of “artistic fear” upon the reader.

  14. Van Gogh's Starry Nights, Lincoln's Moon, Shakespeare's Stars, and More: Tales of Astronomy in Art, History, and Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Donald

    2009-10-01

    How do astronomical methods make it possible to calculate dates and times for Vincent van Gogh's night-sky paintings? Why is there a blood-red sky in Edvard Munch's The Scream? On what dates did Ansel Adams create his moonrise photographs in Yosemite? How can the 18.6-year cycle of the lunar nodes and the Moon's declination on the night of August 29-30, 1857, explain a long-standing mystery about Abraham Lincoln's honesty in the murder case known as the almanac trial? Why is a bright star described in Act 1, Scene 1, of Hamlet? To answer questions like these, our Texas State group has published a series of articles over the last two decades, applying astronomy to art, history, and literature.

  15. State of the Art of Short Dental Implants: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neldam, Camilla Albeck; Pinholt, Else Marie

    2012-01-01

    of this study was systematically to evaluate publications concerning short dental implants defined as an implant with a length of =8 mm installed in the maxilla or in the mandible with special reference to implant type, survival rate, location of implant site, and observation time. Materials and Methods......: A Medline and a hand search were conducted to identify studies concerning short dental implants of length =8 mm published between 1992 and October 2009. The articles included in this study report data on implant length =8 mm, implant surface, registered region of installment, observation time, single tooth......Background: Short implants (=8 mm) are manufactured for use in atrophic regions of the jaws. As implant length in many studies has been proven to play a major role in implant survival it is indicated to evaluate survival of short implants in the present literature. Purpose: The purpose...

  16. Into the Curriculum. Art: The Z Was Zapped [and] Art: Friendly Plastic [and] Music: American Composers [and] Reading/Language Arts: Chocolate Day [and] Science: Moose [and] Social Studies: Women's History Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Marie; And Others

    1995-01-01

    A group of six articles describes activities for art, music, reading/language arts, science, and social studies. Each article includes library media skills objectives, curriculum objectives, grade levels, resources, instructional roles, activity and procedures for completion, evaluation, and follow-up. (AEF)

  17. Into the Curriculum. Art: The Z Was Zapped [and] Art: Friendly Plastic [and] Music: American Composers [and] Reading/Language Arts: Chocolate Day [and] Science: Moose [and] Social Studies: Women's History Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Marie; And Others

    1995-01-01

    A group of six articles describes activities for art, music, reading/language arts, science, and social studies. Each article includes library media skills objectives, curriculum objectives, grade levels, resources, instructional roles, activity and procedures for completion, evaluation, and follow-up. (AEF)

  18. Mining the pharmacogenomics literature--a survey of the state of the art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahn, Udo; Cohen, K Bretonnel; Garten, Yael; Shah, Nigam H

    2012-07-01

    This article surveys efforts on text mining of the pharmacogenomics literature, mainly from the period 2008 to 2011. Pharmacogenomics (or pharmacogenetics) is the field that studies how human genetic variation impacts drug response. Therefore, publications span the intersection of research in genotypes, phenotypes and pharmacology, a topic that has increasingly become a focus of active research in recent years. This survey covers efforts dealing with the automatic recognition of relevant named entities (e.g. genes, gene variants and proteins, diseases and other pathological phenomena, drugs and other chemicals relevant for medical treatment), as well as various forms of relations between them. A wide range of text genres is considered, such as scientific publications (abstracts, as well as full texts), patent texts and clinical narratives. We also discuss infrastructure and resources needed for advanced text analytics, e.g. document corpora annotated with corresponding semantic metadata (gold standards and training data), biomedical terminologies and ontologies providing domain-specific background knowledge at different levels of formality and specificity, software architectures for building complex and scalable text analytics pipelines and Web services grounded to them, as well as comprehensive ways to disseminate and interact with the typically huge amounts of semiformal knowledge structures extracted by text mining tools. Finally, we consider some of the novel applications that have already been developed in the field of pharmacogenomic text mining and point out perspectives for future research.

  19. Fontan patient with plastic bronchitis treated successfully using aerosolized tissue plasminogen activator: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Do, Thomas B; Chu, James M; Berdjis, Farhouch; Anas, Nick G

    2009-04-01

    Plastic bronchitis is an uncommon condition characterized by the production of large pale bronchial casts that obstruct the tracheobronchial tree. The cellular content, cohesiveness, and often rubber-like consistency distinguish bronchial casts from the usual mucus plugs found with such disease states as asthma. Plastic bronchitis can be found secondary to many conditions, and a simplified classification scheme organizes it into two groups: an inflammatory type consisting of casts with an eosinophilic inflammatory infiltrate and an acellular type with a predominance of fibrin distinguished by its relative lack of cellular infiltrate, its mucin predominance, and its appearance only in children with congenital cyanotic heart disease. This report describes a 5-year-old girl who experienced plastic bronchitis 3 months after a Fontan procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome that was treated successfully with aerosolized tissue plasminogen activator.

  20. Marxism and Chinese New Literature and Art%马克思主义与中国新文艺(上)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张炯

    2011-01-01

    马克思主义与中国新文艺的发展有密切的关系,回顾“五四”后三个30年我国文艺界在中国共产党的领导下运用马克思主义于实践所导致的历史和文艺的变化,以及在历史发展过程中文艺理论与文艺实践的互动和有关争论,应深刻总结90年来中国马克思主义文艺理论所达到的关于文艺基本规律和社会主义文艺规律的认识。%This article discusses the relationship between Marxism and the development of Chinese new literature and art. By reviewing the historical and cultural changes brought about by the Communist Party of China through putting Marxism into practice in three "thirty years" after "May Fourth", and exploring the interaction between theory and practice of literature and art, as well as related controversy in the process of historical development, this paper analyzes the basic understanding of contemporary Chinese Marxist literary theory on the basic law of literature and art and the law of socialist literature and art.

  1. Marxismand Chinese New Literature and Art%马克思主义与中国新文艺(下)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张炯

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the relationship between Marxism and the development oi Chinese new literature and art. By reviewing the historical and cultural changes brought about by the Communist Party of China through putting Marxism into practice in three "thirty years" after "May Fourth", and exploring the interaction between theory and practice of literature and art, as well as related controversy in the process of historical development, this paper analyzes the basic understanding of contemporary Chinese Marxist literary theory on the basic law of literature and art and the law of socialist literature and art._%马克思主义与中国新文艺的发展有密切的关系,回顾“五四“后三个30年我国在中国共产党的领导下运用马克思主义于实践所导致的历史和文艺的变化,以及在历史发展过程中文艺理论与文艺实践的互动和有关争论,应深刻总结了90年来中国马克思主义文艺理论所达到的关于文艺基本规律和社会主义文艺规律的认识。

  2. Summary of a Symposium on "Literature-Art and the Market Economy"%文艺与市场经济讨论会综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄觉

    2004-01-01

    @@ On 12 April 2003, the Symposium on Literature-Art and the Market Economy was sponsored by UNESCO's Beijing Office and co-organized by the International Social Science Journal and Social Sciences in China (Chinese edition), with over 20 participants and Professor Dai Jinhua from Peking University as chair.

  3. Art Therapy Verses Psychotherapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Giacco, Maureen

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of my paper is to identify the difference between psychotherapy and art therapy. Then to introduce a technique within the field of art therapy that is relevant to neuro-plasticity Del Giacco Neuro Art Therapy. The paper identifies the importance of the amygdala and the hippocampus within the role of art therapy. Supporting…

  4. A PROPOSAL OF A DIDACTIC STRATEGY SUPPORTED ON THE LEARNING BASED ON PROBLEMS FOR THE APPRECIATION OF PLASTIC ARTS / PROPUESTA DE ESTRATEGIA DIDÁCTICA FUNDAMENTADA EN EL APRENDIZAJE BASADO EN PROBLEMAS PARA LA APRECIACIÓN DE LAS ARTES PLÁSTICAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuriet Verde Trujillo

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The appreciation of arts contribute to the cultural development of university students in their professional formation. In the measurement of Sociocultural Studies, the ability to appreciate plastic arts is an element of capital importance for the profesional to be. That is why, it is necessary to look for didactic strategies which help to develop this ability. This proposal has as theoretical support the usage of ther method Problem Based Learning

  5. « London-New York : Exchanges and Cross-Cultural Influences in the Arts and Literature »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Guély-Varcin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Le colloque « London-New York: Exchanges and Cross-Cultural Influences in the Arts and Literature », organisé par Claudine Armand (Université Nancy 2, Pierre Degott et Jean-Philippe Heberlé (Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, avait pour but de confronter les influences croisées des deux villes dans les arts et la littérature, dans une perspective interdisciplinaire. Correspondant aux domaines d’étude des groupes de recherche IDEA (Interdisciplinarité Dans les Études Anglophones, Nancy-Univers...

  6. Towards a Determination of the Physiological Characteristics Distinguishing Successful Mixed Martial Arts Athletes: A Systematic Review of Combat Sport Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Lachlan P; Haff, G Gregory; Kelly, Vincent G; Beckman, Emma M

    2016-10-01

    Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a combat sport underpinned by techniques from other combat disciplines, in addition to strategies unique to the sport itself. These sports can be divided into two distinct categories (grappling or striking) based on differing technical demands. Uniquely, MMA combines both methods of combat and therefore appears to be physiologically complex requiring a spectrum of mechanical and metabolic qualities to drive performance. However, little is known about the physiological characteristics that distinguish higher- from lower-level MMA athletes. Such information provides guidance for training interventions, performance testing and talent identification. Furthermore, while MMA incorporates techniques from both grappling and striking sports, it is unknown precisely how these disciplines differ physiologically. Understanding the relationship between higher-level competitors in grappling and striking combat sports can provide further insight into the development of the optimal performance profile of a higher-level MMA athlete. This article aims to analyse the scientific literature on MMA and the primary combat sports underpinning it to determine the physiological adaptations that distinguish superior competitors, with a view to defining the optimal physiological profile for higher-level MMA performance. Furthermore, this article will explore the differences in these capabilities between grappling- and striking-based combat sports in the context of MMA. A literature search was undertaken via PubMed, Web of Science, SportDiscus and Google Scholar. The following sports were included for systematic review based on their relevance to MMA: mixed martial arts, boxing, Brazilian jiu-jitsu, judo, karate, kickboxing, Muay Thai and wrestling. The inclusion criteria allowed studies that compared athletes of differing competition levels in the same sport using a physiological performance measure. Only male, adult (aged 17-40 years), able-bodied competitors

  7. 马克思主义文艺学的体系之困%The System Dilemma of Marxist Literature and Art Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢冬冰

    2012-01-01

    新时期以来,中国艺术理论界一直试图构建马克思主义文艺学的学科体系却收效不大。原因首先在于马恩等代表人物没有建立文艺学学科体系,其次该学科本身缺乏严谨的学理基础,第三是学科建设没有形成通约性的学术观点。所以,构建马克思主义文艺学学科体系的条件尚不成熟。当下的首要问题是,继续以马克思主义文艺学的经典文本为立足点,以古今中外,尤其是当下中国的文艺实践为出发点,大力发展马克思主义文艺学,解决马克思主义文艺学面临的诸多问题,为建设社会主义文化强国提供理论支持。%In the new period,Chinese literature and art theory community has been trying to construct the system of Marxist literature and art theory,which,however,turned to be fruitless owing to three reasons.Firstly,the main exponents including Marx and Engels didn't build a system of literature and art theory;secondly,the subject itself lacks a theoretical basis;and thirdly,no commensurable academic finding was achieved during the subject construction.Therefore,the subject system construction of Marxist literature is still premature.Currently,the first and foremost task is,continuing to secure the Marxist classic works about literary and art theory as a foothold and all human literary and artistic practices,especially those in today's China,as a starting point,to develop Marxist literature and art theory vigorously and solve the problems facing Marxist literature and art theory so as to provide theoretical supports for building a culturally powerful socialist country.

  8. Yanan Literature and Art in 1942:Agitation and Transformation%延安文艺1942:躁动与蜕变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静

    2016-01-01

    1942 ,in the Yanan literature and art's development history is the“typical year”or a“critical moment” .Yanan literature and art with the flow of time has prominented its richness and complexity . From agitation ,stipulations of an agreement and transformation ,essential factor of Yanan literature and art fully demonstrated its richness and complexity in several levels .The new mode of literature and art production has constracted by following the Speech at Forum on Literature and A rt in Yanan ,which not only cleared the statute of revolutionary political ethics of literary and artistic creation and aesthetic con‐cepts ,and highlighted the left -wing intellectuals’ theme of ideological transformation and its historical destiny .As an important historical node in the development of literature and art in last century ,Yanan lit‐erature and art still associated with our common historical experience and has been speaking in the mo‐ment .%延安文艺发展史上的1942,是随时间流变而日渐凸显其丰富性与复杂性的“典型年度”或“关键时刻”,从躁动、规约以至蜕变,建构历史的丰富性与复杂性的诸多要素在这一起承转合之间得到了多个层面的充分呈示。伴随《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》建构并确立的新型文艺生产方式,不仅明确了革命政治伦理对文艺创作及其审美观念的规约,而且凸显了延安左翼知识分子群体的思想改造主题及其历史命运。其作为上一世纪文艺发展一个重要历史节点的起承转合意义,仍然伴随我们共同的历史经验而在当下具有不断言说的价值。

  9. A descriptive qualitative study of student learning in a psychosocial nursing class infused with art, literature, music, and film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Alice; Curtis, Mary

    2008-01-01

    Nursing educators have long valued and supported the integration of liberal arts in professional nursing programs. This descriptive qualitative study explores the meanings students derive from the integration of liberal arts content into a psychosocial nursing class. Questionnaires, class observation, and focus group interviews revealed five themes: an interesting hook, a deeper level of understanding, developing self-understanding, developing empathy and increasing cultural awareness. Researchers suggest that integrating liberal arts into nursing education enhances student learning.

  10. Teaching Literature through the Arts: A Few Notes on Teaching Aldous Huxley's Point Counter Point through Beethoven's Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badulescu, Dana

    2015-01-01

    The present article examines a teaching experiment undertaken by the author in order to point out not only the importance of the arts and aesthetics, but also their limitations. It also argues that, despite these limitations, the spirit of the arts opens us up to freedom and flexibility. Their purpose is not to give answers or solutions, but to…

  11. Plastic fish

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2015-01-01

    In terms of weight, the plastic pollution in the world’s oceans is estimated to be around 300,000 tonnes. This plastic comes from both land-based and ocean-based sources. A lecture at CERN by chemist Wolfgang Trettnak addressed this issue and highlighted the role of art in raising people’s awareness.   Artwork by Wolfgang Trettnak. Packaging materials, consumer goods (shoes, kids’ toys, etc.), leftovers from fishing and aquaculture activities… our oceans and beaches are full of plastic litter. Most of the debris from beaches is plastic bottles. “PET bottles have high durability and stability,” explains Wolfgang Trettnak, a chemist by education and artist from Austria, who gave a lecture on this topic organised by the Staff Association at CERN on 26 May. “PET degrades very slowly and the estimated lifetime of a bottle is 450 years.” In addition to the beach litter accumulated from human use, rivers bring several ki...

  12. ¿Debe el Estado financiar las artes y la cultura? Revisión de literatura Should the government support arts and culture? A literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Antonio Palma Martos

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se revisa una amplia bibliografía acerca del conjunto de argumentos para justificar el apoyo con fondos públicos a las artes y la cultura. Desde la presencia de condiciones particulares en la oferta ("enfermedad de los costes", o en la demanda (bienes públicos, la existencia de preferencias comunitarias (bien de mérito, hasta la aportación a la actividad económica y al empleo (Estudios de Impacto Económico de la Cultura. Se señalan las limitaciones que presenta cada argumento y aquellos que pueden resultar convincentes desde la teoría económica.This article will review an extensive bibliography concerning the complete set of arguments justifying the use of public funds to support Arts and Culture. Particular conditions regarding the supply ("the cost disease" and the demand (public goods, the existence of community preferences (merit good, and the contribution to economic activity and employment (Studies of the Economic Impact of Culture are all taken into consideration. The limitations of each argument are pointed out, as well as those that gain strength based on economic theory.

  13. 论悬鱼造型艺术对服装空间设计的启示%Inspiration fish hanging on the plastic arts of clothing space design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宇刚

    2015-01-01

    Under the background of economic globalization, people pay more attention to the art of chasing nationality and localization features, this situation of clothing space design development of proposed new requirements. In this paper, China's traditional architectural style of art hanging fish, fish analysis hanging plastic arts in costume design in space applications. Hanging fish shape, with its unique aesthetic characteristics of our modern costume design space of great revelation, China's garment hanging space design can fish plastic arts inspiration for innovative design, combined with the characteristics of suspended fish plastic arts and traditional Chinese craft, rich modern costume design space.%在经济全球化的大背景下,人们对艺术的追求更加注重民族性和本土化特性,这一形势对服装空间设计发展提出了新的要求。本文结合我国传统建筑的悬鱼造型艺术,分析悬鱼造型艺术在服装空间设计中的应用。悬鱼造型凭借其独特的美学特点,对我国现代服装空间设计具有重大的启示,我国服装空间设计可以悬鱼造型艺术为创新设计灵感来源,结合悬鱼造型艺术的特点和我国传统工艺,丰富现代服装空间设计。

  14. To Re--examine the Speech at the Forum on Literature and Art in Yanan by Mao Zedong--The Limits of Populist Conception of Literature and Art%重新审视毛泽东《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》——民粹主义文艺观的限度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘希云

    2012-01-01

    《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》是毛泽东出于1940年代特殊的战争政治环境的需要而对五四“人的文学,,的调整,它在战争语境下有其合理性。但这种讲求政治功利性的文艺思想不再适合新时代的需要,对当代文学的发展造成了阻碍,直到1979年邓小平进行了修正,文学才走上了健康发展的道路。%Meeting the special need of war politics in 1940, Mao Zedong adjustmented the May Fourth people's literature in his Speech at the Forum on Literature and Art in Yanan , His conception of literature and art in the speech has its rationality under the war context. But the conception of literature and art strives for politics utilitify,hampered the development of contemporary literature, hadn't meet the need of new times. In 1979, Deng Xiaoping through his congratulatory revised the conception, and opened up healthy road for literature development.

  15. Complementary Value of Databases for Discovery of Scholarly Literature: A User Survey of Online Searching for Publications in Art History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemeth, Erik

    2010-01-01

    Discovery of academic literature through Web search engines challenges the traditional role of specialized research databases. Creation of literature outside academic presses and peer-reviewed publications expands the content for scholarly research within a particular field. The resulting body of literature raises the question of whether scholars…

  16. Evidence for Technology Interventions to Promote ART Adherence in Adult Populations: a Review of the Literature 2012-2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amico, K Rivet

    2015-12-01

    Leveraging technology to enhance antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, and factors associated with it, has tremendous appeal as a low-cost, generalizable strategy to offer high-quality adherence support given an increasingly limited workforce. As the numbers of individuals living with HIV entering care and initiating ART are expected to increase substantially worldwide in the next decade, capacity to support ART adherence is needed and use of computers, internet, and mobile phones has the potential to offer those efficiencies-provided they are effective. This review summarizes recent advances in the evidence base for technology-driven, technology-delivered, or technology-enhanced ART adherence intervention approaches. A PubMed search limited to January 2013 through July 2015 identified 13 qualifying studies evaluating computer-delivered interventions, internet approaches, mobile phone technologies, and electronic dose monitoring with triggered messaging and data-informed counseling. Considerable support for each area has emerged, with the majority of studies reviewed demonstrating significant effects on ART adherence and clinical outcomes. Gaps are identified and recommendations offered.

  17. 延安“部艺”:军队文艺教育的先驱%“Corps Art School” in Yan’an:The Pioneer of Military Literature and Art Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白烨

    2016-01-01

    “The Eighth Route Army Yan’an Left–behind Corps Forces Art School”, hereinafter referred to as “Corps Art School”, became an important literature and art ifeld of the Anti–Japanese War in the period from 1941 to 1943, and is an early pioneer in our army’s literary and artistic education. Abiding by the educational philosophy favorable to the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and the route of training practical talents literature and art practice, and giving priority to the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, it has created a combined literary and artistic education policy of politics and art, professionalization and popularization, and theory and practice, which has enriched the army’s political work, and has trained a large number of literary leader and backbone talents for the revolutionary cause and the people’s army, thus enabling the army’s literary and artistic work and the task of winning the War to have qualiifed successors and new followers. Relfecting its 3–year school history, we can obtain the following valuable experience. First, the military literary and artistic work is an important and indispensable part of military construction. Second, the military literary and artistic education needs to insist on the combination of professionalization and practice. Third, the military literary and artistic education need focus on cultivating new works that are morally and professionally outstanding. The fourth, the military literature and art are an important part of the general picture of literature and art as a whole.%延安“八路军延安留守兵团部队艺术学校”(简称“部艺”),在1941年至1943年间成为抗战文艺的重要阵地、军队文艺教育的先驱、军队文艺人才的摇篮。“部艺”以切近抗战的办学理念和培养实用人才的育人路线,开创了政治与艺术相结合、专业与普及相结合、理论与实际相结合的以抗战文艺实践为主

  18. Integrating Children's Literature in a Middle School Language Arts Curriculum through a Planned Cognitive and Affective Program of Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Restrepo, Jane Simi

    Carried out as the practicum of a doctoral program in early and middle childhood education, this report describes the development of a children's literature program for a middle school in a lower middle-class neighborhood in Florida where reading scores were below district and national norms, and where a literature anthology of condensed books or…

  19. 京族民间文艺与自然生态%The Gin Folk LiteraturesArts and Nature & Ecology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丽琴

    2012-01-01

    京族民间文艺的生成、发展与自然生态环境之间有着密切关系。京族民间文艺作品体现了人们独特的生态意识,自然环境对京族民间口承文艺、民间舞蹈、服饰艺术以及民间工艺的产生与传承具有深刻的影响,造就了京族民间文艺的独特风格,没有京族地区独特的生态环境,其民间文艺也就失去所赖以产生的土壤。%The Gin folk literatures and arts linked closely with the natural and ecological environment in both its forming and the development.They reveals the unique ecologically awareness of the Gin people,and was deeply ingrained by the environment in the forming and passing down of the oral fork literatures,dances,dresses and handicrafts.Without the unique ecological environment,the Gin folk literatures and arts would lose its foundation.

  20. Plastic Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Surgery? A Week of Healthy Breakfasts Shyness Plastic Surgery KidsHealth > For Teens > Plastic Surgery Print A A ... forehead lightened with a laser? What Is Plastic Surgery? Just because the name includes the word "plastic" ...

  1. The state-of-the-art in short-term prediction of wind power. A literature overview

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giebel, G.; Draxl, C. (Risoe DTU, Roskilde (Denmark)); Brownsword, R. (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL), Oxford (United Kingdom)); Kariniotakis, G. (ARMINES, Paris (France)); Denhard, M. (ECMWF, Reading (United Kingdom))

    2011-01-15

    This Deliverable of ANEMOS.plus (Advanced Tools for the Management of Electricity Grids with Large-Scale Wind Generation) and SafeWind projects presents the state of the art in wind power forecasting. More than 380 references of journal and conference papers have been reviewed. (LN)

  2. Pioneers: A Case Study of a Film Caught in the Two Line Struggle in Literature and Art in the People's Republic of China. Occasional Paper No. 77-5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Linda

    The controversy surrounding the Chinese film "Pioneers" is analyzed and presented as a case study of a film caught in the recent two-line struggle in literature and art in the People's Republic of China. Within the history of the arts in China, there has been a difference of opinion between those in favor of the continued portrayal of…

  3. Pioneers: A Case Study of a Film Caught in the Two Line Struggle in Literature and Art in the People's Republic of China. Occasional Paper No. 77-5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Linda

    The controversy surrounding the Chinese film "Pioneers" is analyzed and presented as a case study of a film caught in the recent two-line struggle in literature and art in the People's Republic of China. Within the history of the arts in China, there has been a difference of opinion between those in favor of the continued portrayal of…

  4. Analysis on the Practice of Popularization in Literature and Art in Liberated Area%文艺大众化在解放区的践行探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐元绍

    2015-01-01

    四十年代解放区的文艺大众化在实践操作层面取得了巨大的成绩。其中,党领导的抗日民主政权的政治保障是其蓬勃兴起的政治基础;由“化大众”到“大众化”,知识分子成为文艺大众化得以贯彻践行的人才基础和关键;大众诉求基础的转变与对象的明确,随之而确立的乡村文艺的主流化,成为文艺大众化在解放区得以最终确立的标志。%Liberated area witnesses great achievements in practice of popularization in literature and art in the 1940s . Political basis of popularization results from political guarantee which is provided by anti-Japanese democratic government under the leadership of the Party. Its talents basis and fundamental assurance are benefited by Chinese intellectuals’ ideological remolding and identity change from enlightening common people to being common people, and the accomplishment of such remolding and changing are urged by political orders. The shift of classification, identification of subject for popularization and the subsequent mainstreaming of rural literature and art are signs for establishment of popularization in literature and art in liberated area.

  5. Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality in Plastic Surgery: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Youngjun; Kim, Hannah; Kim, Yong Oock

    2017-05-01

    Recently, virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) have received increasing attention, with the development of VR/AR devices such as head-mounted displays, haptic devices, and AR glasses. Medicine is considered to be one of the most effective applications of VR/AR. In this article, we describe a systematic literature review conducted to investigate the state-of-the-art VR/AR technology relevant to plastic surgery. The 35 studies that were ultimately selected were categorized into 3 representative topics: VR/AR-based preoperative planning, navigation, and training. In addition, future trends of VR/AR technology associated with plastic surgery and related fields are discussed.

  6. [Andy Warhol's plastic nose revision reflected in his work].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultheiss, D; Krämer, K S

    2000-10-01

    Andy Warhol underwent dermabrasion in 1957 because of a nasal skin lesion, which is best diagnosed as a rhinophyma on the basis of the available biographical literature. Throughout his creative life, the artist worked on different aspects of plastic surgery especially in the nasal area. As one of the founders of Pop-Art, Warhol left essential marks on the modern society and influenced our standards of aesthetic shapes.

  7. Essence and Art in the Shāh-nāma and their Reflection in Persian Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    قدمعلی سرامی

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available One of the central issues in Shāh-nāma studies concerns the question of “essence” and “art.” In the Shāh-nāma’s perspective, the demiurge has created the microcosm (humankind and the macrocosm (the universe, each with a particular essence. Both cannot but submit to the command of their essences. However, the creator has bestowed his discernment on the human world. For this reason, the human being is also possessed of another unique essence, attendant on the God-given discernment. According to the Shāh-nāma, the human being, aided by art, can ultimately redeem the circularity of his or her nature through an uninterrupted destiny and close the circle of his or her perfection. The human being can thus be at the same time “by nature first”and“in order last.” We believe that all of the Shāh-nāma can in fact be seen as a detailed exposition of the following verses: Doth “man” imply one nature, one alone? Thou know’st it may be but the feeble side Of mortal man, wherein no trace is shown Of aught beyond and yet two worlds agree – A might partnership – to furnish thee. By nature first, in order last, art thou; Hold not thyself then lightly. (Translation by Arthur and Edmond Warner

  8. Review of the Relationship between Chinese Martial Arts Films and Chivalrous Literature%中国武侠电影和侠文学的关系研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许兴阳

    2016-01-01

    当前学界对武侠电影的研究相对透彻,对侠客、武侠小说、武侠文化等的研究较为成熟,但按照散文、小说、诗歌、戏曲的分类标准对武侠文本加以梳理并研究的则非常之少,中国武侠电影对侠文学的改编、借鉴、促进和武侠文学对武侠电影的影响研究也不很多。目前对中国武侠电影和侠文学关系的研究,还存在诸多问题有待解决。%At present ,the research on martial arts films is comparatively thorough ,and the research on knight-errant ,martial arts novels and martial arts is relatively mature .But in accordance with prose ,fic-tion ,poetry ,drama ,martial arts text to be carding ,classification and research is very rare .The study of the adaptation ,reference ,promotion of Chinese martial arts films on chivalrous literature and the influ-ence of martial arts literature on martial arts films is lacking .At present ,there are still many problems to be solved in the study of the relationship between Chinese martial arts films and chivalrous literature .

  9. Performing arts medicine-a bibliographic retrospective of the early literature: an historical examination of bibliographic references pre-1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, William J

    2013-03-01

    Performing arts medicine (PAM) emerged as a medical specialty around 1985. Prior to this time, relatively few publications addressed the identification and concerns of musicians' and dancers' medical problems. To determine what number and types of publications occurred prior to the actual beginnings of PAM as a discipline, and to determine how these original topics compared with present-day publications, a retrospective review of the current bibliographic database of the Performing Arts Medicine Association (PAMA) was undertaken. Out of a total of 12,600 entries to date, 489 references were found published from 1798 through 1974, which represent only 3.9% of the current database listings. One-sixth of the references were originally written in a language other than English. Journal articles were by far the most numerous type of publication. Topics with the highest number of entries included the neurobiology of music (n=77), dental/orofacial matters (71), and biographical accounts of composers or musicians and their illnesses (59). Other frequently published topics included hearing loss, physiology of playing instruments, and instrumental technique and teaching. Early topics with multiple publications included composers' biographies, dystonias, and surgery to improve finger independence for playing piano. Subjects whose publications occurred principally in the last two decades of this review included dermatological disorders, hearing loss, and ballet physiology, teaching, and technique. Those which remain popular to the present day include hearing loss, performance anxiety, focal dystonia, and dental/orofacial problems.

  10. Art Therapy for Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury: A Comprehensive Neurorehabilitation-Informed Approach to Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kline, Tori

    2016-01-01

    I describe an approach to art therapy treatment for survivors of traumatic brain injury developed at a rehabilitation facility for adults that serves inpatient, outpatient, and long-term residential clients. This approach is based on a review of the literature on traumatic brain injury, comprehensive neurorehabilitation, brain plasticity, and art…

  11. Art Therapy for Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury: A Comprehensive Neurorehabilitation-Informed Approach to Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kline, Tori

    2016-01-01

    I describe an approach to art therapy treatment for survivors of traumatic brain injury developed at a rehabilitation facility for adults that serves inpatient, outpatient, and long-term residential clients. This approach is based on a review of the literature on traumatic brain injury, comprehensive neurorehabilitation, brain plasticity, and art…

  12. Um diálogo possível entre arte e ciência: a literatura nas aulas de metodologia de pesquisa/A possible dialogue between arts and science: literature in the classes of research methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graziela Giusti Pachane

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente trabalho é oferecer uma introdução às reflexões sobre verdade e ciência a partir da abordagem de textos literários, promovendo uma interlocução entre arte e ciência, entre literatura e metodologia da pesquisa (em especial, em educação. Inspirado por uma poesia de Drummond, um conto de Machado de Assis e um romance contemporâneo, de autoria de Lia Neiva, o texto aponta a literatura como forma de se abordarem temas complexos das ciências, como a noção de verdade e realidade, com estudantes de graduação. Introduz, ainda que de modo breve, uma interlocução com produções artísticas variadas – desde imagens com ilusões de ótica até filmes e seriados televisivos – no intuito de tornar as experiências em metodologia de pesquisa mais dinâmicas, mais atraentes e esclarecedoras. Ao final do texto, somos levados a uma reflexão acerca das possibilidades e dos limites da leitura da realidade propiciada por nossas experiências científicas e literárias, bem como de suas interpretações, realizadas/escolhidas segundo nossos caprichos, nossas miopias e nossas ilusões, numa referência direta ao poema “A porta da verdade” de Carlos Drummond de Andrade.The aim of this text is to offer an introduction to discussions about truth and science initiated with the use of literary texts. It tries to promote a dialogue between arts and science, between literature and research methodology (specially in education. Inspired on a Drummond’s poem, a Machado de Assis’ short story of and a contemporary romance, written by Lia Neiva, the text points out to literature as a way to introduce complex themes in science, as the notion of truth and reality, to graduate students. It briefly mentions a dialogue with other artistic productions – from optical illusion images to films and TV series – with the intention of making research methodology classes more dynamic, attractive and elucidative. At the end of the text

  13. Literature Review of Cloud Based E-learning Adoption by Students: State of the Art and Direction for Future Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassan Kayali, Mohammad; Safie, Nurhizam; Mukhtar, Muriati

    2016-11-01

    Cloud computing is a new paradigm shift in information technology. Most of the studies in the cloud are business related while the studies in cloud based e-learning are few. The field is still in its infancy and researchers have used several adoption theories to discover the dimensions of this field. The purpose of this paper is to review and integrate the literature to understand the current situation of the cloud based e-learning adoption. A total of 312 articles were extracted from Science direct, emerald, and IEEE. Screening processes were applied to select only the articles that are related to the cloud based e-learning. A total of 231 removed because they are related to business organization. Next, a total of 63 articles were removed because they are technical articles. A total of 18 articles were included in this paper. A frequency analysis was conducted on the paper to identify the most frequent factors, theories, statistical software, respondents, and countries of the studies. The findings showed that usefulness and ease of use are the most frequent factors. TAM is the most prevalent adoption theories in the literature. The mean of the respondents in the reviewed studies is 377 and Malaysia is the most researched countries in terms of cloud based e-learning. Studies of cloud based e-learning are few and more empirical studies are needed.

  14. THE AESTHETICS OF HAEMOTAPHONOMY: A STUDY OF THE STYLISTIC PARALLELS BETWEEN A SCIENCE AND LITERATURE AND THE VISUAL ARTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Policarp Hortolà

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio tiene la intención de profundizar en la estética de la ciencia de la Hemotafonomía (HTN, mediante la identificación de sus paralelos estilísticos con la Literatura y las Artes Visuales. El objeto de estudio de esta ciencia es la citomorfología de las células sanguíneas en manchas de sangre. Sus sujetos de estudio son especímenes manchados de sangre, mientras que su método de estudio es el análisis de imágenes en claroscuro obtenidas por Microscopía Electrónica de Barrido. Literariamente, la HTN es estilísticamente paralela a la estética del Tremendismo y el Decadentismo. Visualmente, la HTN es estilísticamente paralela a la estética de la decoración arquitectónica churrigueresca y al Tenebrismo pictórico. De acuerdo con los resultados de este estudio, la HTN puede también considerarse estilísticamente como un Realismo literario y un Naturalismo visual. Además, puesto que Tremendismo, Decadentismo, Churriguerismo y Tenebrismo convergen en la cultura del Barroco, debe concluirse que, estéticamente, la HTN es una ciencia barroquista.

  15. Do estrogenic compounds in drinking water migrating from plastic pipe distribution system pose adverse effects to human? An analysis of scientific literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ze-Hua; Yin, Hua; Dang, Zhi

    2017-01-01

    With the widespread application of plastic pipes in drinking water distribution system, the effects of various leachable organic chemicals have been investigated and their occurrence in drinking water supplies is monitored. Most studies focus on the odor problems these substances may cause. This study investigates the potential endocrine disrupting effects of the migrating compound 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol (2,4-d-t-BP). The summarized results show that the migration of 2,4-d-t-BP from plastic pipes could result in chronic exposure and the migration levels varied greatly among different plastic pipe materials and manufacturing brands. Based on estrogen equivalent (EEQ), the migrating levels of the leachable compound 2,4-d-t-BP in most plastic pipes were relative low. However, the EEQ levels in drinking water migrating from four out of 15 pipes may pose significant adverse effects. With the increasingly strict requirements on regulation of drinking water quality, these results indicate that some drinking water transported with plastic pipes may not be safe for human consumption due to the occurrence of 2,4-d-t-BP. Moreover, 2,4-d-t-BP is not the only plastic pipe-migrating estrogenic compound, other compounds such as 2-tert-butylphenol (2-t-BP), 4-tert-butylphenol (4-t-BP), and others may also be leachable from plastic pipes.

  16. Ali Canip Yöntem’in Sanata ve Edebiyata Bakışı Ali Canip Yöntem’s Perspective to Art and Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah HARMANCI

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Ali Canip Yöntem (1887-1967 who is one of the prominent names of the national literary movement gave many works relating to literary theory and criticism as well as poem. Before being connected to national literary, author who has largely been seeking on the line extending from Muallim Naci to Cedideci (New Literature movement and Fecr-i Aticis (Dawn of the Future has deep thoughts in his many articles that will light the way for today’s artists and researchers either due to hiscommand of our classical literature or of Western Literature. From hiswritings in question, in our article, opinions of Yöntem about somematters such as what is the art and literature, why it is existing, whatcould be its power and effect, how to take advantage of art andliterature, the place and importance of the imitation in art, pleasure,beauty, perception and genius concepts, purpose of art, relationshipbetween artist and school of art, art and dialectic, poem and knowledge,poem and sensation etc were scanned and these opinions were whollyattempted to be assessed. Apart from these, problems collected undersome titles such as what, in fact, is the concept of national literature adhow it should be understood, our mistakes when assessing the concept“national”, dimensions of artist and public when assessing within thecontext of national literature have been the topic of the Ali CanipYöntem’s articles and opinions of author about these issues wereattempted to be examined by us. Yöntem also referred to the problemsabout limits of literary criticism and features which a reviewer musthave, and attached importance to the relationship of literary criticismwith literary text. Milli edebiyat akımının önde gelen isimlerinden olan Ali Canip Yöntem (1887 – 1967, şiirin yanı sıra edebiyat teorisine ve eleştirisine ilişkin eserler de vermiştir. Milli edebiyata mensup olmadan önce, Muallim Naci’den Edebiyatı Cedidecilere, Fecr-i Âticilere uzanan

  17. Plastics and health risks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halden, Rolf U

    2010-01-01

    By 2010, the worldwide annual production of plastics will surpass 300 million tons. Plastics are indispensable materials in modern society, and many products manufactured from plastics are a boon to public health (e.g., disposable syringes, intravenous bags). However, plastics also pose health risks. Of principal concern are endocrine-disrupting properties, as triggered for example by bisphenol A and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP). Opinions on the safety of plastics vary widely, and despite more than five decades of research, scientific consensus on product safety is still elusive. This literature review summarizes information from more than 120 peer-reviewed publications on health effects of plastics and plasticizers in lab animals and humans. It examines problematic exposures of susceptible populations and also briefly summarizes adverse environmental impacts from plastic pollution. Ongoing efforts to steer human society toward resource conservation and sustainable consumption are discussed, including the concept of the 5 Rs--i.e., reduce, reuse, recycle, rethink, restrain--for minimizing pre- and postnatal exposures to potentially harmful components of plastics.

  18. Plasticity theory

    CERN Document Server

    Lubliner, Jacob

    2008-01-01

    The aim of Plasticity Theory is to provide a comprehensive introduction to the contemporary state of knowledge in basic plasticity theory and to its applications. It treats several areas not commonly found between the covers of a single book: the physics of plasticity, constitutive theory, dynamic plasticity, large-deformation plasticity, and numerical methods, in addition to a representative survey of problems treated by classical methods, such as elastic-plastic problems, plane plastic flow, and limit analysis; the problem discussed come from areas of interest to mechanical, structural, and

  19. Artful creation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Darsø, Lotte

    2013-01-01

    An introduction to the field of Arts-in-Business outlining 4 different approaches: 1) Art as decoration, 2) Art as intertainment, 3) Arts as instrumental, 4) Art as strategic......An introduction to the field of Arts-in-Business outlining 4 different approaches: 1) Art as decoration, 2) Art as intertainment, 3) Arts as instrumental, 4) Art as strategic...

  20. Plastic Jellyfish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moseley, Christine

    2000-01-01

    Presents an environmental science activity designed to enhance students' awareness of the hazards of plastic waste for wildlife in aquatic environments. Discusses how students can take steps to reduce the effects of plastic waste. (WRM)

  1. Verbal Dreamscapes. Dorothea Tanning’s Visual Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glăvan Gabriela

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A Surrealist painter whose artistic vision is equally visible in her literary works, Dorothea Tanning established a solid dialogue between literature and the plastic arts. The corpus of her literary oeuvre is rather small, consisting of a novel, a volume of poetry and her memoir, Between Lives. This paper argues that Tanning can be regarded as an exemplary author of a creative transfer between verbal and plastic imagination. It also explores the tension between the two means of expression, most visible in her novel Chasm: A Weekend. Here, the imagery and enigmatic symbolism of her painting come to life in the story of a strange little girl called Destina Meridian.

  2. The Corrections of the Addition to The Records of Art and Literature in Qing Dynasty%《清史稿艺文志拾遗》订误

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚金笛

    2011-01-01

    The book "Addition to The Records of Art and Literature in Qing Dynasty" is a large catalog of the ancient books. It provides scholars with comparatively accurate, reliable sources of reference and access to researches. It has high reference value for the academic research of Qing Dynasty. However, some errors appear in this book for some kinds of reasons. For example, some authors'names are wrong; some versions'information is wrong and has repeated description. This article is just a brief verification of the author's view. For improper ideas,your criticism and corrections are invited.%《清史稿艺文志拾遗》是一部大型古籍目录,为研究者提供了较准确、可靠的文献资源信息和检索途径,对于研究清代学术具有重要的参考价值。然因各种原因偶有著录失当之处,如作者姓名错讹、版本信息错误、同一部书重复著录等。本文对这些讹谬之处作了相应订正。

  3. "New Demotic Literature and Art": on the Organization and Thought Leadership in the First Representative Assembly for Literature and Art of the CCP%“新的人民的文艺”——论中国共产党对第一次文代会的组织与思想领导

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邬冬梅

    2012-01-01

    The First Representative Assembly for Literature and Art held in 1949 and the foundation of China Federation of Literary and Art Circles established the literary direction and system of the New China and had an important history position. The CCP central committee leader Zhou Enlai made an important political report on the as- sembly and guided the work of Party group in the assembly through close contact with Zhou Yang et al. while the CCP realized organizational leadership to China Federation of Literary and Art Circles through the important personnel appointment and representative qualification censorship. The assembly report and the presentations pointed out the literary thought direction of Mao Zedong. Along with the conference readings and the conference activities, etc. , the CCP realized the thought leadership for the First Representative Assembly for Literature and Art.%1949年召开的第一次文代会及成立的文联确立了新中国的文学方向和文学体制,具有重要的历史地位。会议是中国共产党领导协商建国过程中对文艺界的团结和组织。中国共产党对于这次会议发挥了组织和思想的领导作用。中共中央领导人周恩来指导了会议的筹备工作,并在会议上作出了重要的政治报告,通过周扬等人与周恩来的密切联系,周恩来指导了文代会党组的工作,同时通过重要人员任命和代表资格审查制度,中国共产党实现了对文代会的组织领导;大会报告和专题发言指出了毛泽东文艺思想的方向,加上会议读物、会议活动等,中国共产党实现了对第一次文代会的思想领导。

  4. PRIME - Plastics Research and Innovation for Museums and Industry; extreme user innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cone, Louise

    A research project by artists industrial plastics develpers, polymer scientists and art conservators, 2011-13......A research project by artists industrial plastics develpers, polymer scientists and art conservators, 2011-13...

  5. PRIME: Plastics Research and Innovation for Museums and Industry; extreme user innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundbye, Lars; Cone, Louise

    A research project by artists industrial plastics develpers, polymer scientists and art conservators, 2011-13......A research project by artists industrial plastics develpers, polymer scientists and art conservators, 2011-13...

  6. Compendium of information on identification and testing of materials for plastic solar thermal collectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McGinniss, V.D.; Sliemers, F.A.; Landstrom, D.K.; Talbert, S.G.

    1980-07-31

    This report is intended to organize and summarize prior and current literature concerning the weathering, aging, durability, degradation, and testing methodologies as applied to materials for plastic solar thermal collectors. Topics covered include (1) rate of aging of polymeric materials; (2) environmental factors affecting performance; (3) evaluation and prediction of service life; (4) measurement of physical and chemical properties; (5) discussion of evaluation techniques and specific instrumentation; (6) degradation reactions and mechanisms; (7) weathering of specific polymeric materials; and (8) exposure testing methodology. Major emphasis has been placed on defining the current state of the art in plastics degradation and on identifying information that can be utilized in applying appropriate and effective aging tests for use in projecting service life of plastic solar thermal collectors. This information will also be of value where polymeric components are utilized in the construction of conventional solar collectors or any application where plastic degradation and weathering are prime factors in material selection.

  7. The Physical,Culture and Rational Factors Constraints on Abnormal Psychology Literature and Art%论文艺变态心理的综合影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王磊

    2011-01-01

    This topic is to discuss literature and art abnormal psychology and human relations between the physical,social and cultural relations and rational factors.With the modern physiological science and psychology of art reveals the development of abnormal psychology by physical factors;socio-cultural factors are bound to have an impact on culture,arts,abnormal psychology,this article believe that this influence through the subconscious or unconscious and the role of art in abnormal psychology;In addition,abnormal psychology literature and art has always been dominated by rational factors.%文章探讨了文艺变态心理与人的生理关系,与社会文化的关系及与理性因素的关系。现代生理科学及心理学的发展揭示出文艺变态心理受到生理因素的制约;社会文化因素也对文艺变态心理产生影响,这种影响通过无意识或潜意识而作用于文艺变态心理;另外,文艺变态心理还始终受到理性因素的支配。

  8. Advanced Techniques of Russian Art Actualization in Modern Youth Environment (on the Basis of «History of World Art and Literature» Course Teaching of the Students of Nizhy Novgorod Institute of Management and Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina A. Kropotova

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The author considers conceptual issues, characterizing Russian art as an element of spiritual and ethic system of personality development, the result of European and Russian cultural systems co-integration; methods of Russian art actualization in modern youth environment have been specified.

  9. Wei Suyuan's Accomplishments in Theories of Literature and Art%论韦素园的文艺理论成就

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余学玉

    2012-01-01

    Wei Suyuan, one of the four outstanding memhers of Weiming Literary Society, lived a short but keen intellectual life Without an anthology of prose or poetry ever published throughout his lifetime of hard working and poor health, he had nevertheless trodden a path to the theories of literature and art, and the academic field failed to acknowledge properly. This paper is aimed to uncover and sort out Wei's yet unknown literary thoughts and theories, in memory of the 110th anniversary of Wei's birth and the 80th anniversary of his death.%“未名四杰”重要成员之一韦素园,“宏才远志,厄于短年”。他以抱病之身“实地劳作”,甘为人梯,生前虽然未有诗文结集出版,但在文艺理论方面却有独到的思考,造诣很深。对此,学界一直未能给予高度重视。今年是韦素园诞辰110周年、逝世80周年的特殊年份。文章拟对韦素园的文艺思想、文艺理论观点进行初步的挖掘、梳理、总结,一者以补缺漏,再者以示纪念。

  10. 整形美容外科医师是医学-美学-艺术完美结合的使者%Plastic an d cosmetic surgeon:the angel of perfect combi-nation of medical, aesthetics and art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭谦

    2016-01-01

    整形美容外科是一门新兴学科,它能通过医学手段创造美,可以说整形美容外科能将医学、美学、艺术完美结合,而整形美容外科医师就是实现这种完美结合的使者。本文作者通过30余年从事整形美容专业的临床工作和教学实践的体会,探讨如何实现医学、美学、艺术的结合,做一名合格的整形外科医师。%Plastic and cosmetic surgery is an emerging disci-pline which can create beauty with medical intervention.It can be say that plastic and cosmetic surgery can combine medicine with aesthetics and art.Plastic surgeon is the angel of this perfect combination.In this paper, the author discusses how to be a qualified plastic surgeon to real-ize the combination of medical, aesthetics and art through more than 30 years clinical experience and teaching practice in plastic and cosmetic surgery.

  11. Aboriginal Art: Who was interested?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Thomas

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the common assumption that Aboriginal art has been absent from Australian art histories and demonstrates how this is not so. It criticises the notion that art history should be represented by specialised art-history books and argues for the important of art museum displays as texts. It also examines the ways in which Aboriginal art has been examined in literature devoted to Australian history and anthropology. It foregrounds the idea that arts history is not necessarily best represented by official art historical texts.

  12. Art Therapy and its Application in the Field of Education

    OpenAIRE

    Korbut, Anna

    2016-01-01

    The article broaches the subject of art therapy, which is also known as therapy through art. The activities carried out within it are based on the use of the therapeutic properties of the art practice. Art therapy is an extremely large concept and contains in itself many therapies based on its actions in art. Art therapy includes: therapy, which is based on plastic arts, music therapy, bibliotherapy, dramatherapy, dancetherapy and others. Writing about the properties of art therapy should als...

  13. Literature Ink

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geyer, Jan

    2008-01-01

    Using images in the classroom to help students find meaning in literature is not new. Although composition teachers have long used the visual arts as a source for stimulating student engagement, sometimes the subject matter can fail to achieve the desired result. Too often, students lack the vocabulary or frame of reference to be engaged in a work…

  14. High origin of the deep femoral artery: a case report and literature review Origem alta da artéria femoral profunda: relato de caso e revisão da literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vishal Kumar

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Arterial variations of the femoral triangle are rarely reported in the literature. In the present article, we have reported a case of high origin of the deep femoral artery, which was originating just lower to the inguinal ligament. It was also observed that the lateral circumflex femoral artery arose directly from the femoral artery instead from the deep femoral artery. We have discussed the anatomy, embryological basis, and clinical implications of these variations along with relevant literature review. The importance of knowledge about these variations in therapeutic and diagnostic interventions is discussed.Variações arteriais no triângulo femoral têm sido pouco relatadas na literatura. No presente artigo, relatou-se um caso de origem alta da artéria femoral profunda, que estava se originando pouco abaixo do ligamento inguinal. Também foi observado que a artéria femoral circunflexa originava-se diretamente da artéria femoral, ao invés de ser originada da artéria femoral profunda. Discutiu-se sobre anatomia, base embriológica e implicações clínicas dessas variações junto com uma revisão da literatura pertinente. A importância do conhecimento sobre essas variações no quadro das intervenções diagnósticas e terapêuticas é discutida.

  15. Persistência da artéria trigeminal primitiva associada com aneurisma da artéria cerebral média: relato de caso e revisão da literatura Persistent trigeminal artery associated with aneurysm of the middle cerebral artery: case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Augusto de Oliveira

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Os autores apresentam um caso, demonstrado angiograficamente, de achado incidental de artéria trigeminal primitiva persistente associada com aneurisma do polígono de Willis no território da artéria cerebral média. A propósito, a literatura é revisada e a embriologia envolvida relatada.The authors report a case of persistent primitive trigeminal artery angiographically demonstrated as an incidental finding. The persistent primitive trigeminal artery was associated with an aneurysm arising from the circle of Willis in the middle cerebral artery territory. The literature is reviewed and the embryology involved is related.

  16. Frenchwomen Loving Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    I have been to many countries on business, and out of all of them, France impressed me most. With its rich soil for literature and art, France has nurtured not only the great writers Victor Hugo and Honore de

  17. Arte precolombino, arte moderno y arte latinoamericano

    OpenAIRE

    Gamboa Hinestrosa, Pablo

    2014-01-01

    ¿Cuál es la vigencia del arte precolombino? ¿Qué ha aportado ala corriente del arte universal? ¿Qué se deben mutuamente arte modernoy arte precolombino? Estos planteamientos nos sirven para establecerla vigencia del arte precolombino en Latinoamérica, buscandoantecedentes desde los tiempos de la Conquista hasta nuestros días.

  18. Arte precolombino, arte moderno y arte latinoamericano

    OpenAIRE

    Gamboa Hinestrosa, Pablo

    2014-01-01

    ¿Cuál es la vigencia del arte precolombino? ¿Qué ha aportado ala corriente del arte universal? ¿Qué se deben mutuamente arte modernoy arte precolombino? Estos planteamientos nos sirven para establecerla vigencia del arte precolombino en Latinoamérica, buscandoantecedentes desde los tiempos de la Conquista hasta nuestros días.

  19. Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality in Plastic Surgery: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youngjun Kim

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Recently, virtual reality (VR and augmented reality (AR have received increasing attention, with the development of VR/AR devices such as head-mounted displays, haptic devices, and AR glasses. Medicine is considered to be one of the most effective applications of VR/AR. In this article, we describe a systematic literature review conducted to investigate the state-of-the-art VR/AR technology relevant to plastic surgery. The 35 studies that were ultimately selected were categorized into 3 representative topics: VR/AR-based preoperative planning, navigation, and training. In addition, future trends of VR/AR technology associated with plastic surgery and related fields are discussed.

  20. Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality in Plastic Surgery: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Youngjun; Kim, Hannah

    2017-01-01

    Recently, virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) have received increasing attention, with the development of VR/AR devices such as head-mounted displays, haptic devices, and AR glasses. Medicine is considered to be one of the most effective applications of VR/AR. In this article, we describe a systematic literature review conducted to investigate the state-of-the-art VR/AR technology relevant to plastic surgery. The 35 studies that were ultimately selected were categorized into 3 representative topics: VR/AR-based preoperative planning, navigation, and training. In addition, future trends of VR/AR technology associated with plastic surgery and related fields are discussed. PMID:28573091

  1. Parallels in the Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laffey, Grace

    1972-01-01

    A mini-course of nine weeks was organized as a laboratory course to survey relationships in literature, music, and art. Three periods in the arts (Romanticism, Impressionism, and Contemporary) were matched with three major activities; the basic areas of study and activity were poetry, short story, and novel. (Author)

  2. Report of 5 cases of pediatric plastic bronchitis and review of related literature%儿童塑型性支气管炎五例并文献复习

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱春梅; 曹玲; 常丽; 张琪; 王菲; 任晓旭

    2013-01-01

    To report the clinical course of 5 cases of pediatric plastic bronchitis and review the related literature.A total of 113 cases of pediatric plastic bronchitis occurring in China from 2000 to 2012 were retrieved through the databases of CNKI and Wanfang Med Online.Retrospective analyses were performed for the main symptoms,courses,etiologies,imaging findings,histopathological classifications,therapies and prognosis of 118 cases.Pediatric plastic bronchitis was one of critical diseases.Most of them had a rapid onset and a mortality rate.Bronchoscopy examination was essential for definite diagnosis and effective treatment.Airway management and chest physiotherapy were primary adjuvant tools.Early diagnosis and bronchoscopic treatment might result in improved prognosis.%报告5例儿童塑型性支气管炎病例的临床诊治经过,并检索中国知网(CNKI)和万方医学数据库2000年1月至2012年6月相关病例报告113例,回顾性分析118例患儿的主要临床症状、病程、病原学分布、影像学表现、病理分类、治疗和预后.儿童塑型性支气管炎属高危性疾病,多数起病急,病死率高,确诊依靠支气管镜检查,支气管镜异物取出术及灌洗是最有效的治疗方法,气道管理和胸部理疗是重要的辅助治疗手段,经早期确诊和治疗预后良好.

  3. 浅析延安文艺的思想政治教育功能%The Ideological and Political Education Functions of Yan’an Literature and Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田雨; 王东维

    2014-01-01

    The Yan’an literature and art was a typical example of playing the functions of literature and art in i-deological and political education:first,the function of political mobilization,which plays an important role in so-cial identification and lays a solid foundation for mobilizing people to join in the revolution;second,the function of motivation,which provides a powerful spiritual force for the economic construction;third,the function of value piloting,which satisfies the requirements of social spiritual building and promotes the ideological and moral qual-ities of the mass people;and fourth,the function of social coordination,which provides strong intellectual support for building a harmonious society in the local regime of Shaanxi - Gansu - Ningxia Border Area. At present,ex-cessive emphasis is placed on the amusement function of literature and art,and so the due function of education is weakened. Learning from the historical experiences of playing the functions of Yan’an literature and art in i-deological and political education is helpful for improving the ideological feature and realizing the educational function of literature and art.%延安文艺是文艺思想政治教育功能发挥的典型:一是发挥了政治动员功能,在实现社会认同、动员群众参加革命方面起到了重要的作用;二是发挥了激励功能,为经济建设提供了强有力的精神动力;三是发挥了价值引领功能,在满足社会精神建构需要的同时有力地促进了人民大众思想道德素质的提升;四是发挥了社会协调功能,为陕甘宁边区局部执政区域社会事业的发展提供了智力支持。当前,文艺作品出现过度娱乐化倾向,削弱了文艺应有的教育功能,借鉴发挥延安文艺思想政治教育功能的历史经验,有利于提高文艺作品的思想性,实现文艺作品的育人功能。

  4. A Philosophical Adventure in Literature and Art:Deleuze’s Aesthetic Paradox in Proust and Signs%论德勒兹在《普鲁斯特和符号》中的美学悖论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    萧盈盈

    2015-01-01

    The literary and artistic turn in philosophy is actually the marriage between literature, art and philosophy arising from the crisis of metaphysics. It is also the general trend of contemporary theo-ry and creation in the West and especially in France. However, when philosophy departs from logic for literature and art for the sake of experience, how could the intrinsic differences between them be re-solved? In his journey from literature and art to philosophy, Deleuze, as evidenced by his Proust and Signs, takes the original drive for philosophy as the primary force for literary and artistic creations by default, thus leading to an insuperable paradox in aesthetics. This is why, on the one hand, Proust and Signs gives a new philosophic perspective on literature and art and on the other, Deleuze cannot reach his goal because of the dissimilarities and incommensurability between philosophy and literature as well as art.%哲学文艺化是肇始于形而上学内部危机的一场当代文哲联姻,也是当代西方(特别是法国)理论和创作的一个大趋势。然而当哲学离开逻辑去文艺里寻找经验时,却出现了不可调和的美学悖论。以德勒兹的《普鲁斯特和符号》为例,在这一文艺到哲学的旅途中,德勒兹将推动哲学的原动力默认为是文艺创作的原动力,从而出现了不可调和的美学悖论。《普鲁斯特和符号》一方面给出了哲学在文艺作品中建构的全新视角,另一方面又因为文艺和哲学的相异性与不可通约性,无法抵达德勒兹给出的结论。

  5. 网络文艺的意识形态属性及其引领策略∗%Discussion on the Ideological Attribute and Its Leading Strategy of Our Country′s Network Literature and Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨洋; 胡近

    2016-01-01

    With the popularity of the internet and new media, the development of network literature and art is striking, which has brought new challenges to the good ecological network and the construction of socialist ideology. Network literature and art as a new lit⁃erary form, due to the diversity of its creation subject, large scale, fast transmission speed, wide audience and other characteristics, it has a greater influence than traditional literature and art in terms of idea transmission and value orientation function. Correctly grasping the ideological attribute of network literature and art is not only the urgent need of upholding and developing Marxist theory of literature and art, but also the realistic requirement of the development and prosperity of socialist network literature and art as well as mastery of the discourse power in ideological work. Only by adhering to the guidance of the spirit of China, taking content construction as the cen⁃ter, relying on team building, taking the leadership of the Party for security can we give better play to the leading role of socialist ideol⁃ogy in the network literature and art.%随着互联网和新媒体的普及,网络文艺的发展尤为引人注目,给网络生态和社会主义意识形态的建设带来了新的挑战。网络文艺作为文艺的一种新形式,由于其创作主体的多元化以及规模大、传播快、受众广等特性,在一定程度上,它在思想传播和价值导向功能上较之传统文艺有着更大的影响力。网络文艺具有意识形态属性,且与意识形态之间的联系表现得更为紧密。正确把握网络文艺的意识形态属性,不仅是坚持和发展马克思主义文艺观的迫切需要,更是繁荣发展社会主义网络文艺、掌握意识形态工作话语权的现实要求。只有坚持以中国精神为导向,以内容建设为中心,以队伍建设为依托,以党的领导为保障,才能更好地发挥社会主义

  6. Talking about the Spirit of Arts in Speech at the Forum on Literature and Art in Yanan%主流文化自觉引领文艺的伟大尝试——谈毛泽东《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》中的文艺思想及其意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘淑青

    2012-01-01

    毛泽东的《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》确立了文艺的大众化审美取向,倡导现实主义创作原则和用于实践的创作理念,是我党自觉引领文艺发展的伟大尝试,至今仍葆有理论的先进性和现实的指导性。%The Spirit of Arts in Speech at the Forum on Literature and Art of Yanan can be concluded the following, popularization on the aesthetic orientation, Realism on the creation principle and practical feature on on the creation idea. It is the great attempt of the Party to guide the arts consciously. And it still keeps the advanced nature of theory and practical guidance.

  7. La búsqueda de la obra de arte total en el cine contemporáneo : Derek Jarman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Keska

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El anhelo de la fusión de las artes o creación de una obra total, uno de los principales objetivos de las manifestaciones culturales del siglo XX –artes plásticas, cine, música, ópera, teatro y happening, arte multimedia–, cuenta con múltiples precedentes teóricos, desde el concepto de ut pictura poesis de Horacio, hasta la teoría del Gesamtkunstwerk de Richard Wagner. En la obra de Derek Jarman podemos encontrar indicios de esta búsqueda de la obra de arte total. En la mayoría de sus películas introduce elementos de pintura, escultura, teatro, literatura, poesía, música, consiguiendo una síntesis de las artes.The tendency toward the union of the arts and the creation of a total art work is one of the main purposes of the contemporary culture: plastic arts, cinema, music, opera, theater and happening, media arts. Its origin resides in artistic theories, from Horatio’s ut pictura poesis to Richard Wagner’s Gesamtkunstwerk. In the cinema of Derek Jarman we can notice this inclination to the unification of the arts in one art form. Jarman introduces in his movies elements of literature, poetry, music, painting, sculpture and theater, so his cinema is very close to Wagner’s theories of the total work of art.

  8. La lectura literaria como arte de "performance": la teoria transaccional de Louise Rosenblatt y sus implicaciones pedagogicas (The Use of Literature as Performance Art: The Transactional Theory of Louise Rosenblatt and Its Pedagogical Implications).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoreda, Margaret Lee

    This paper focuses on the work that Louise Rosenblatt and her followers in the United States have done to improve the teaching and learning of literature at all educational levels. Although these researchers have focused almost exclusively on the use of literature in the native language, the paper uses transactional theory as a basis for teaching…

  9. Visitors' perceived contribution of South African arts festivals to the arts / Susanna Cornelia Pretorius.

    OpenAIRE

    Pretorius, Susanna Cornelia

    2013-01-01

    The primary goal of the study was to determine the contribution of three distinct South African arts festivals to the arts, namely Klein Karoo National Arts Festival (KKNK), Innibos and Vryfees arts festivals as perceived by visitors to the festivals. To achieve this goal, five objectives were formulated. Firstly, to provide a literature overview of the arts phenomena, by exploring the relationship between arts and culture, the arts context, the arts-related tourism product and then the perce...

  10. Plastic bronchitis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Singhi, Anil Kumar; Vinoth, Bharathi; Kuruvilla, Sarah; Sivakumar, Kothandam

    2015-01-01

    Plastic bronchitis, a rare but serious clinical condition, commonly seen after Fontan surgeries in children, may be a manifestation of suboptimal adaptation to the cavopulmonary circulation with unfavorable hemodynamics...

  11. Plastic Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    履之

    1994-01-01

    Already ubiquitous in homes and cars, plastic is now appearing inbridges. An academic-industrial consortium based at the University ofCalifornia in San Diego is launching a three-year research program aimed atdeveloping the world’s first plastic highway bridge, a 450-foot span madeentirely from glass-,carbon,and polymer-fiber-reinforced composite mate-rials, the stuff of military aircraft. It will cross Interstate 5 to connect thetwo sides of the school’s campus.

  12. From soil in art towards Soil Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feller, C.; Landa, E. R.; Toland, A.; Wessolek, G.

    2015-02-01

    The range of art forms and genres dealing with soil is wide and diverse, spanning many centuries and artistic traditions, from prehistoric painting and ceramics to early Renaissance works in Western literature, poetry, paintings, and sculpture, to recent developments in cinema, architecture and contemporary art. Case studies focused on painting, installation, and cinema are presented with the view of encouraging further exploration of art about, in, with, or featuring soil or soil conservation issues, created by artists, and occasionally scientists, educators or collaborative efforts thereof.

  13. Counseling as an Art: The Creative Arts in Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gladding, Samuel T.

    In this book counseling approaches with a variety of populations are examined using these creative arts: music; dance/movement; imagery; visual arts; literature; drama; and play and humor. It is noted that all of these arts are process-oriented, emotionally sensitive, socially directed, and awareness-focused. Chapter 1 discusses the history,…

  14. Phenotypic Plasticity and Species Coexistence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turcotte, Martin M; Levine, Jonathan M

    2016-10-01

    Ecologists are increasingly interested in predicting how intraspecific variation and changing trait values impact species interactions and community composition. For many traits, much of this variation is caused by phenotypic plasticity, and thus the impact of plasticity on species coexistence deserves robust quantification. Partly due to a lack of sound theoretical expectations, empirical studies make contradictory claims regarding plasticity effects on coexistence. Our critical review of this literature, framed in modern coexistence theory, reveals that plasticity affects species interactions in ways that could impact stabilizing niche differences and competitive asymmetries. However, almost no study integrates these measures to quantify the net effect of plasticity on species coexistence. To address this challenge, we outline novel empirical approaches grounded in modern theory.

  15. GREEN PLASTIC: A NEW PLASTIC FOR PACKAGING

    OpenAIRE

    Mr. Pankaj Kumar*, Sonia

    2016-01-01

    This paper gives a brief idea about a new type of plastic called as bio-plastic or green plastic. Plastic is used as a packaging material for various products, but this plastic is made up of non renewable raw materials. There are various disadvantages of using conventional plastic like littering, CO2 production, non-degradable in nature etc. To overcome these problems a new type of plastic is discovered called bio-plastic or green plastic. Bio-plastic is made from renewable resources and also...

  16. Tree plastic bark

    OpenAIRE

    Casado Arroyo, Carlos

    2016-01-01

    “Tree plastic bark" consiste en la realización de una intervención artística en un entorno natural concreto, generando de esta manera un Site Specific(1). Como hace alusión Rosalind Krauss en sus reflexiones “La escultura en el campo expandido”(2), comenta que su origen esta claramente ligado con el concepto de monumentalidad. La escultura es un monumento, se crea para conmemorar algún hecho o personaje relevante y está realizada para una ubicación concreta. La investigación parte de la id...

  17. La escritura testimonial en Rodolfo Walsh: politización del arte y experiencia histórica Non-fiction literature in Rodolfo Walsh: politicization of art and historical experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Grasselli

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available La obra de Rodolfo Walsh está marcada por una fuerte vinculación entre práctica estética y práctica política. En el presente trabajo proponemos abordar la constelación de textos «testimoniales» del escritor, correspondientes a las décadas de los sesenta y setenta. Estos escritos movilizan una concepción del arte como portador de cierta «peligrosidad», que está anclada a su enorme potencialidad para constituir una intervención sobre la realidad histórico-social. Nos ocupamos de analizar el modo en que se relacionan, en dicha constelación de textos, la crítica a la sacralización del arte burgués, las estrategias de escritura (el montaje y la voluntad de contribuir a la reconstrucción de una memoria social que dé cuenta de la experiencia histórica de los sectores populares (su estado de emergencia, la violencia política.The works of Rodolfo Walsh are marked by a strong connection between an aesthetic and a political practice. In this work we propose to engage in the constellation of nonfiction texts written by the author in the 60s and 70s period. These texts pursue a conception of art as bearer of a certain «danger» that is anchored to its enormous power to embody an intervention in historical and social reality. We analyze the way in which certain elements relate to each other: the criticism of a sacralization of bourgeois art, the strategies of writing (the montage, and the will to contribute to the reconstruction of a social memory that explains the historical experience of the working classes (their state of emergency, the political violence.

  18. Covering the Bases with Young Adult Literature: Implementing John H. Ritter's "Choosing Up Sides" and "Over the Wall" as Touchstone Texts in a Middle School Language Arts Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladd, Patricia K.

    2000-01-01

    Supports ideas for implementing John H. Ritter's "Choosing Up Sides" and "Over the Wall" as touchstone texts in a middle school language arts program. Discusses these two novels and the use and power of metaphors. Reveals literary connections made by young adolescent readers and writers strengthening overall comprehension, synthesis and analysis…

  19. As Public Relationship Application Countinability of Participated Art Projects via Distance Education Method: A Case of "Women's Are Meeting with Literature Project"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taskaya, Merih

    2013-01-01

    Observations of artistic activities' transformative influence in social sphere by social scientists have played an essential role in the rise of "participative art" works worldwide. Within the scope of the public relations practices performed by municipal administrations particularly in order to promote the cultural development of…

  20. Literature and Art Strvi ing for National Lib eration During the War of Reis stance Against Japan%为民族解放而战的抗日文艺战线

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王向峰

    2015-01-01

    抗日战争时期无数的文艺家都投入了民族救亡的伟大历史潮流之中,创作了各种门类的艺术品,有力地打击了日本侵略者,鼓舞了人民,他们的名字与作品如长天不落的星辰,闪烁在华夏的天宇,不少作品至今仍然流传在人民中间,是中国新文化中的珍宝。为了表彰这些人为民族解放所做出的贡献,在中华民族崛起的今天,我们高声呼唤他们的名字,首先是为了铭记历史,同时也是为了发扬现代文化的威力,展示抗日战争时期文艺家作为革命文艺战线成员的历史作用,推动以人民为中心的创作导向的进一步落实,促进人民的社会主义文艺进一步的发展与繁荣。%Durin g the War of Resistance Agani st Japna ,countless epx erts of literature and art threw themselves into the great historical trend of saving the Chinese nation from extinction,creating different kinds of works of art which gave the enemies an effective blow and encouraged the people.Their names and art products flicker like shining stars in the sky.Lots of the works are still known to people,and they are the treasures in the cul-ture of China.To honor what they have contributed to the national liberation,we loudly call out their names at the time when the Chinese nation has risen from the horizon,firstly for er membering the part of history,and in addition for developing the power of the modern culture,showing the historical functions of the experts of liter-ature and art as revolutionary fighters in the war,making further efforts for the practice of creation orientation centered on the people,and promoting further developments and prosperitei s of the socialist literature and art for the people.

  1. Art Imitating Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Brook

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Using as a contextual reference my experience of seeing the original and copy of Michelangelo's David in Florence, I briefly introduce how the Platonic legacy has affected that discourse. The Western preference in art and aesthetics is typically in favor of the original over the copy, despite whatever indiscernibility may exist between them. Since Arthur Danto has treated this phenomenon in his text The Transfiguration of the Commonplace, his relevant comments are considered and adapted for the purpose of working through how one understands the relationship between the original and copy in terms of a criterion for defining art.

  2. Plastic condoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1968-01-01

    Only simple equipment, simple technology and low initial capital investment are needed in their manufacture. The condoms can be made by people who were previously unskilled or only semi-skilled workers. Plastic condoms differ from those made of latex rubber in that the nature of the plastic film allows unlimited shelf-life. Also, the plastic has a higher degree of lubricity than latex rubber; if there is a demand for extra lubrication in a particular market, this can be provided. Because the plastic is inert, these condoms need not be packaged in hermetically sealed containers. All these attributes make it possible to put these condoms on the distributors' shelves in developing countries competitively with rubber condoms. The shape of the plastic condom is based on that of the lamb caecum, which has long been used as luxury-type condom. The plastic condom is made from plastic film (ethylene ethyl acrilate) of 0.001 inch (0.0254 mm.) thickness. In addition, a rubber ring is provided and sealed into the base of the condom for retention during coitus. The advantage of the plastic condom design and the equipment on which it is made is that production can be carried out either in labour-intensive economy or with varying degrees of mechanization and automation. The uniform, finished condom if made using previously untrained workers. Training of workers can be done in a matter of hours on the two machines which are needed to produce and test the condoms. The plastic film is provided on a double wound roll, and condom blanks are prepared by means of a heat-sealing die on the stamping machine. The rubber rings are united to the condom blanks on an assembly machine, which consists of a mandrel and heat-sealing equipment to seal the rubber ring to the base of the condom. Built into the assembly machine is a simple air-testing apparatus that can detect the smallest pinhole flaw in a condom. The manufacturing process is completed by unravelling the condom from the assembly

  3. 游戏与艺术文献综述及启示%The Literature Review of Game and Art and Inspiration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑶

    2015-01-01

    自十八世纪游戏艺术论产生以来,游戏与艺术之间的关系开始不断被西方哲学家及美学家关注,进入二十世纪之后,人们对游戏与艺术之间关系的探讨热情不断高涨。福禄贝尔首次将其引进了教育领域,自此,游戏与艺术之间的融合逐渐体现在幼儿教育领域的方方面面。本文主要对前人对游戏与艺术之间的关系论述进行梳理,并且对早教领域里游戏与艺术的研究现状进行梳理,希望能够加深教师对儿童游戏本质的认识,对以后指导儿童游戏有一些启示。%Since the game and art produced in the eighteenth century, the relationship between the game and art constantly began to be concerned by the philosophers and estheticians. After entering the 20th century, people discussed on the relationship between the game and art with the rising enthusiasm. Froebel introduced the concept of the play and art into the field of education for the first time, since then, the fusion between the game and art gradually reflected in every aspect of early childhood education. This article mainly clears up of the relationship between the game and art which the predecessors discussed before , meanwhile discusses the development trend of which in the field of early education. I hope to deepen the understanding of the nature of children Play , and there are some enlightenment for teachers to guide the children Play.

  4. Plastic Bronchitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, Bruce K

    2016-09-01

    Plastic bronchitis is an uncommon and probably underrecognized disorder, diagnosed by the expectoration or bronchoscopic removal of firm, cohesive, branching casts. It should not be confused with purulent mucous plugging of the airway as seen in patients with cystic fibrosis or bronchiectasis. Few medications have been shown to be effective and some are now recognized as potentially harmful. Current research directions in plastic bronchitis research include understanding the genetics of lymphatic development and maldevelopment, determining how abnormal lymphatic malformations contribute to cast formation, and developing new treatments. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Art Toys in the contemporary art scene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Sernissi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The Art Toys phenomenon, better known as Art Toy Movement, was born in China in the mid-nineties and quickly spread out to the rest of the world. The toys are an artistic production of serial sculpture, made by handcrafts or on an industrial scale. There are several types of toys, such as custom toys and canvas toys, synonyms of designer toys, although they are often defined according to the constituent material, such as vinyl toys (plastic and plush toys (fabric. Art toys are the heirs of an already pop-surrealist and neo-pop circuit, which since the eighties of the twentieth century has pervaded the Japanese-American art scene, winking to the playful spirit of the avant-garde of the early century. Some psychoanalytic, pedagogical and anthropological studies about “play theories”, may also help us to understand and identify these heterogeneous products as real works of art and not simply as collectible toys.

  6. Mixed plastics recycling technology

    CERN Document Server

    Hegberg, Bruce

    1995-01-01

    Presents an overview of mixed plastics recycling technology. In addition, it characterizes mixed plastics wastes and describes collection methods, costs, and markets for reprocessed plastics products.

  7. ANALYSIS OF THE SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE OF THE POST-PALAEOLITHIC PAINTING IN SPAIN. LEVANTINE ART AND SCHEMATIC PAINTING (1907-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Mateo Saura

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Cave art constitutes one of the areas of study of prehistory more attractive, perhaps because of the secrecy that still conveys. After a century of research on post-Paleolithic cave painting in Spain, and when the scientific production exceeds two thousand records, is addressed from bibliometric parameters, the analysis of this production over the period 1907-2010. Based on an own database in Microsoft Access, prepared for over twenty years and that the March 31, 2011 counted on 2186 bibliographic records, bibliometric techniques are used to determine the temporal distribution, the language used, the styles of cave art, the document types, the themes addressed in the works and the publication place. Document production is below 21,02 publications/year until 1970, although in the 104 years of research analyzed, highlights the years 1999 (with 4,5% and 2006 (with 5,1% for the large number of publications. Regarding the language of the documents are distributed as follows, Spanish (88,1%, Catalan (4,6%, French (3,9%, English (2%, German (1% and other languages (Italian, Portuguese or Galician with 0,32%. 35,4% of production is dedicated to Levantine art, while schematic painting captures 34,8%. Regarding the document type, the scientific article stands out with 55,2%, followed by conference papers (19,2%, book chapters (11,3%, case studies (9,8%, notes (2,3%, doctoral thesis (1% and undergraduate dissertations (0,7%. The predominant topics are sites (34,5%, chronology (8,8%, iconography (7,7%, or scientific divulgation (5,1%. 90,6% of scientific production has been published in Spain, highlighting Zaragoza (13,4%, Madrid (13,3%, Valencia (9,2% and Murcia (9%. We consider that the total production is low because hardly exceeds 21 papers / year, although in the last fifty years growth rates were reached above 5%. Because Spanish is one of the most spoken languages in the world, greater internationalization of research of the Spanish post

  8. Plastic zonnecellen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roggen, Marjolein

    1998-01-01

    De zonnecel van de toekomst is in de maak. Onderzoekers van uiteenlopend pluimage werken eendrachtig aan een plastic zonnecel. De basis is technisch gelegd met een optimale, door invallend licht veroorzaakte, vorming van ladingdragers binnen een composiet van polymeren en buckyballs. Nu is het zaak

  9. Folk Literature Art Works the Ownership of the Rights and Interests Balance Mechanism Research%民间文学艺术作品权利归属及利益平衡机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文杨; 陈璐

    2016-01-01

    党的十八大报告确立了我国建设文化强国的国家战略,而传承和保护我国的民间文学艺术,是我们建立健全文化强国的重要组成部分。《民间文学艺术作品著作权保护条例(征求稿)》已经出台,目前关于征求稿的主要争议焦点在于其中的权利归属和利益分配。围绕这两个争议焦点,结合我国现状进行了探析。%The 18th Party Congress report established the construction of the national strategy of cultural power in our country,and inheriting and protection of folk literature and art in our country is an important part of culture that we set up a sound power.Works of Folk literature and art copyright protection ordinance (ask for draft)has been introduced,and the current major controversy about soliciting draft focus lies in the rights of the ownership and profit distribution.So around the two controversial focus,it is necessary to have an in-depth analysis combined with the present situation in our country.

  10. 当代西方文论视域下文学与影视的比较%Comparison on Literature with Film and Television from the Perspective of Contemporary Western Theory of Literature and Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙志璞

    2012-01-01

    本文在M·H艾布拉姆斯教授的文学批评四要素理论框架下对文学与影视进行了具有针对性地比较,说明文学在电子图像时代具有独立的品格,是影视所不能代替的,文学不会终结。%Under the theoretical frame of Professor M. H. Abrams ' s four elements of literature criticism, this article compares literature with film and television with purpose, and illustrates that literature has its own characteristics in electronic image times, which can not be replaced by film and television, and it will not be terminated.

  11. Plastic Surgery Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... PSN PSEN GRAFT Contact Us News Plastic Surgery Statistics Plastic surgery procedural statistics from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Statistics by Year Print 2016 Plastic Surgery Statistics 2015 ...

  12. Intercultural and Media Education on Art Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borges, Maria José; Chaves, Anabela; Costa, Manuela; Pereira, Emília Sá

    2009-01-01

    Visual art, music and literature, are part of the culture. Thus Art shows the interactions between different cultures. The aim of the article is to present some activities to include intercultural issues in Art and Mother Language classes. Art classes also give the opportunity to do Media Education.

  13. Using Art to Teach the Abstract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Sara

    2007-01-01

    Most students in America can graduate from high school without ever analyzing a piece of art. Perhaps these students will take an art history or an art appreciation course in college that may incorporate a few references to literature and history. Math or science connections will most likely remain entirely absent. Why do we treat art analysis…

  14. Art and human nature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirta Toledo

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a visual artist’s point of view about art. This view confronts the Eurocentric traditional cannon with some ignored, but valuable traditions, thus proposing a contra-canon. These ideas are examined on the light of a variety of sources, including prehistoric, pre-Columbian, and 20th century art expressions, in a variety of media, from sculpture to literature. Recent art expressions are characterized by their incorporation of minority values and perspectives that challenge “universal” views. Using samples of works from Latino and African American artists, the author shows that, even today, art is a means to know the world and its people, to exhibit personal life, to create personal symbolism, and to show one’s identity or the search for it. Like the human nature it represents, art has multiple faces.

  15. Plastic bronchitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil Kumar Singhi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Plastic bronchitis, a rare but serious clinical condition, commonly seen after Fontan surgeries in children, may be a manifestation of suboptimal adaptation to the cavopulmonary circulation with unfavorable hemodynamics. They are ominous with poor prognosis. Sometimes, infection or airway reactivity may provoke cast bronchitis as a two-step insult on a vulnerable vascular bed. In such instances, aggressive management leads to longer survival. This report of cast bronchitis discusses its current understanding.

  16. The Art of Pushkin Interpreted by Russian Religious Philosophers in the Context of the Problematic Interrelation of Philosophy, Literature and Religion in Russian Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktor Gidirinskiy

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Serious and profound reflection is needed when probing the problem of the manysided rapport between philosophy and the social-religious culture of Russia. In the first place, this entails an examination of the relationship between religion and literature. In this article, an attempt is made at defining the major methodological principles guiding such research. However, such an analysis demands concrete examples although the study of them may yield differing results. The author is sure of this basic principle having applied himself to the study of Pushkin, who would seem to be one of the best models for this type of research. Finally the author ends with his own question: What is the best method (reception, approach, the mechanics of study for discovering and elucidating the complicated interrelationship linking religion, philosophy, and literature in Russian culture?

  17. Occupational Health and the Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinkamp, David L; McCann, Michael; Babin, Angela

    2017-09-01

    Work in the visual arts, performing arts, and writing can involve exposures to occupational hazards, including hazardous materials, equipment, and conditions, but few art workplaces have strong occupational health resources. Literature searches were conducted for articles that illustrate these concerns. Medical databases were searched for art-related health articles. Other sources were also reviewed, including, unindexed art-health publications, and popular press articles. Information was located that described some exposed populations, art-related hazards, and resulting disorders. Anecdotal reports were used when more complete data were not available. Health hazards in the arts are significant. Occupational health professionals are familiar with most of these concerns and understand their treatment and prevention. The occupational health approach can reduce the health hazards encountered by at-risk art workers. Additional research would benefit these efforts. Resources for further information are available.

  18. Reinforced ART (ReART) for Online Neural Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ediriweera, Damjee D.; Marshall, Ian W.

    Fuzzy ART has been proposed for learning stable recognition categories for an arbitrary sequence of analogue input patterns. It uses a match based learning mechanism to categorise inputs based on similarities in their features. However, this approach does not work well for neural control, where inputs have to be categorised based on the classes which they represent, rather than by the features of the input. To address this we propose and investigate ReART, a novel extension to Fuzzy ART. ReART uses a feedback based categorisation mechanism supporting class based input categorisation, online learning, and immunity from the plasticity stability dilemma. ReART is used for online control by integrating it with a separate external function which maps each ReART category to a desired output action. We test the proposal in the context of a simulated wireless data reader intended to be carried by an autonomous mobile vehicle, and show that ReART training time and accuracy are significantly better than both Fuzzy ART and Back Propagation. ReART is also compared to a Naïve Bayesian Classifier. Naïve Bayesian Classification achieves faster learning, but is less accurate in testing compared to both ReART, and Bach Propagation.

  19. Promoting Young Adult Literature: The Other "Real" Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santoli, Susan P.; Wagner, Mary Elaine

    2004-01-01

    Getting students to read is a common problem in many secondary English language arts classrooms. Many teachers continue to assign only classic literature with novels that have been traditionally used in English language arts classrooms because of the belief in timelessness. There is evidence that the use of young adult literature in the secondary…

  20. Organisational Art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ferro-Thomsen, Martin

    creation of a practical utopia (?heterotopia?) in the organisational context. The case study makes use of both art- and organisational theory. The thesis concludes with an outline of a framework for OA that is derived from contemporary theory of mainly Relational Aesthetics (Bourriaud), Conceptual Art......University of Copenhagen / Learning Lab Denmark. 2005 Kort beskrivelse: Organisational Art is a tentative title for an art form that works together with organisations to produce art. This is most often done together with non-artist members of the organisation and on-site in their social context. OA...... is characterised as socially engaged, conceptual, discursive, site-specific and contextual. Abstract: This investigation is about Organisational Art (OA), which is a tentative title for an art form that works together with organisations (companies, institutions, communities, governments and NGOs) to produce art...

  1. The state of the art and future opportunities for using longitudinal n-of-1 methods in health behaviour research: a systematic literature overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Suzanne; Quinn, Francis; Vieira, Rute; O'Brien, Nicola; White, Martin; Johnston, Derek W; Sniehotta, Falko F

    2017-12-01

    n-of-1 studies test hypotheses within individuals based on repeated measurement of variables within the individual over time. Intra-individual effects may differ from those found in between-participant studies. Using examples from a systematic review of n-of-1 studies in health behaviour research, this article provides a state of the art overview of the use of n-of-1 methods, organised according to key methodological considerations related to n-of-1 design and analysis, and describes future challenges and opportunities. A comprehensive search strategy (PROSPERO:CRD42014007258) was used to identify articles published between 2000 and 2016, reporting observational or interventional n-of-1 studies with health behaviour outcomes. Thirty-nine articles were identified which reported on n-of-1 observational designs and a range of n-of-1 interventional designs, including AB, ABA, ABABA, alternating treatments, n-of-1 randomised controlled trial, multiple baseline and changing criterion designs. Behaviours measured included treatment adherence, physical activity, drug/alcohol use, sleep, smoking and eating behaviour. Descriptive, visual or statistical analyses were used. We identify scope and opportunities for using n-of-1 methods to answer key questions in health behaviour research. n-of-1 methods provide the tools needed to help advance theoretical knowledge and personalise/tailor health behaviour interventions to individuals.

  2. Wall Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGinley, Connie Q.

    2004-01-01

    The author of this article, an art teacher at Monarch High School in Louisville, Colorado, describes how her experience teaching in a new school presented an exciting visual challenge for an art teacher--monotonous brick walls just waiting for decoration. This school experienced only minimal instances of graffiti, but as an art teacher, she did…

  3. Rock Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henn, Cynthia A.

    2004-01-01

    There are many interpretations for the symbols that are seen in rock art, but no decoding key has ever been discovered. This article describes one classroom's experiences with a lesson on rock art--making their rock art and developing their own personal symbols. This lesson allowed for creativity, while giving an opportunity for integration…

  4. Rock Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henn, Cynthia A.

    2004-01-01

    There are many interpretations for the symbols that are seen in rock art, but no decoding key has ever been discovered. This article describes one classroom's experiences with a lesson on rock art--making their rock art and developing their own personal symbols. This lesson allowed for creativity, while giving an opportunity for integration…

  5. On the Art of Game in Children′s Literature%论儿童文学的游戏艺术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方卫平

    2015-01-01

    游戏是儿童的天性,也是儿童生活的重要内容,游戏性则是儿童文学的一种基本艺术特性。儿童文学的游戏性表现在儿童文学作品的内容、形式、阅读操作等方面。游戏精神是儿童文学的重要艺术精神,主要包含了自由、欢乐、严肃三个层面的内涵。当代儿童文学应该特别关注游戏精神的这种严肃性。如果缺乏对于童年游戏所包含的内在生命精神的真正理解和尊重,也就无法使其成为一种高级的审美游戏。%As the important nature and also the necessity for children′s lives,gameplay is the basic artistic feature for children′s litera-ture.The gameplay involves in a lot of components such as content,form and reading itself.The spirit of the game is the important artis-tic spirit for children′s literature with the connotation of three different levels from freedom,enthusiasm to seriousness.The contempora-ry children′s literature should be given more attention to the seriousness,and the lack of the true understanding and respect to the inner spirit fails to make the game the higher aesthetics.

  6. Reading Works of Literary Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruthrof, H. G.

    1974-01-01

    It is the aim of this paper to make a few suggestions concerning the application of the epistemological apparatus as developed by Edmund Husserl and his successors to one section within the area of art - namely, imaginative literature. (Author)

  7. Reading Works of Literary Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruthrof, H. G.

    1974-01-01

    It is the aim of this paper to make a few suggestions concerning the application of the epistemological apparatus as developed by Edmund Husserl and his successors to one section within the area of art - namely, imaginative literature. (Author)

  8. An Interactionist Perspective on Understanding Gender Identity in Art Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gussak, David

    2008-01-01

    This paper applies social interactionism to gender identity issues as addressed in the art therapy literature and within interview data collected from art therapists working in the field. The findings revealed that perceptions from practicing art therapists differed from ideas put forth in the art therapy literature about gender traits that…

  9. Development and comparison of Japanese martial arts

    OpenAIRE

    Vryonides, Panayiotis

    2012-01-01

    Name: Development and comparison of Japanese martial arts Goal: The main aim of this thesis is to describe the origins of martial arts aimed on the arts, which came from Japan. A partial goal is to compare those martial arts based on history, philosophy, sport rules, ranking systems and position in the world. Methods: This thesis is a theoretical work using the historical method of collecting facts from available literature. Keywords: Martial arts, Japan, History, Philosophy, Ranking system, ...

  10. Folk Festival Fosters Communication Through Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    CHINA’S Third International Folk Art Festival recently convened in Beijing, Dalian, Shenzhen and Huizhou, where folk artists from 15 countries performed at the opening ceremony. An art festival of this kind is held every two years. The first and the second international folk art festivals were convened in 1990 and in 1992 respectively, sponsored by the Confederation Society of China’s Literature and Art. Compared with the former two art festivals, the dance

  11. River plastic emissions to the world's oceans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebreton, Laurent C. M.; van der Zwet, Joost; Damsteeg, Jan-Willem; Slat, Boyan; Andrady, Anthony; Reisser, Julia

    2017-06-01

    Plastics in the marine environment have become a major concern because of their persistence at sea, and adverse consequences to marine life and potentially human health. Implementing mitigation strategies requires an understanding and quantification of marine plastic sources, taking spatial and temporal variability into account. Here we present a global model of plastic inputs from rivers into oceans based on waste management, population density and hydrological information. Our model is calibrated against measurements available in the literature. We estimate that between 1.15 and 2.41 million tonnes of plastic waste currently enters the ocean every year from rivers, with over 74% of emissions occurring between May and October. The top 20 polluting rivers, mostly located in Asia, account for 67% of the global total. The findings of this study provide baseline data for ocean plastic mass balance exercises, and assist in prioritizing future plastic debris monitoring and mitigation strategies.

  12. Flotation separation of waste plastics for recycling-A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chong-qing; Wang, Hui; Fu, Jian-gang; Liu, You-nian

    2015-07-01

    The sharp increase of plastic wastes results in great social and environmental pressures, and recycling, as an effective way currently available to reduce the negative impacts of plastic wastes, represents one of the most dynamic areas in the plastics industry today. Froth flotation is a promising method to solve the key problem of recycling process, namely separation of plastic mixtures. This review surveys recent literature on plastics flotation, focusing on specific features compared to ores flotation, strategies, methods and principles, flotation equipments, and current challenges. In terms of separation methods, plastics flotation is divided into gamma flotation, adsorption of reagents, surface modification and physical regulation.

  13. Book reviews: About the art of conveying art!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thurid Vold

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Three books about the art of convey art are reviewed: Formidling av kunst til barn og unge (Dissemination of art to children and young people by Arne Marius Samuelsen, Dialogbasert Undervisning. Kunstmuseet som læringsrom (Dialog Based Teaching. The Art museum as learning space by Olga Dysthe, Nana Bernhardt and Line Enskjønn, and Kunsten å formidle (The Art to convey by Alfred Oftedal Telhaug. The reviewer writes that all three books are great contributions to the literature on art mediation and are indispensable for all who teach children and youth in schools and museums. The books should have a prominent place on the bibliography for teacher students in Art and Crafts, Primary and Secondary Teacher Education and Early Childhood Education and for museum educators.

  14. Organisational Art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ferro-Thomsen, Martin

    University of Copenhagen / Learning Lab Denmark. 2005 Kort beskrivelse: Organisational Art is a tentative title for an art form that works together with organisations to produce art. This is most often done together with non-artist members of the organisation and on-site in their social context. OA...... is characterised as socially engaged, conceptual, discursive, site-specific and contextual. Abstract: This investigation is about Organisational Art (OA), which is a tentative title for an art form that works together with organisations (companies, institutions, communities, governments and NGOs) to produce art....... This is most often done together with non-artist members of the organisation and on-site in their social context. OA is characterised as socially engaged, conceptual, discursive, site-specific and contextual. It is argued that OA seeks to advance both art and the organisation of human work/life by crossing...

  15. Art Rocks with Rock Art!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bickett, Marianne

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses rock art which was the very first "art." Rock art, such as the images created on the stone surfaces of the caves of Lascaux and Altimira, is the true origin of the canvas, paintbrush, and painting media. For there, within caverns deep in the earth, the first artists mixed animal fat, urine, and saliva with powdered minerals…

  16. Art Rocks with Rock Art!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bickett, Marianne

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses rock art which was the very first "art." Rock art, such as the images created on the stone surfaces of the caves of Lascaux and Altimira, is the true origin of the canvas, paintbrush, and painting media. For there, within caverns deep in the earth, the first artists mixed animal fat, urine, and saliva with powdered minerals…

  17. [Art therapy and "art brut"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovács, Emese; Simon, Lajos

    2010-01-01

    The authors in this article explor the most important steps of the development of the research on the psychopathology of expression. They introduce the development of Art Brut and it's place in art history. They deal with the characteristics of art therapy.

  18. Phenotypic plasticity and selection: nonexclusive mechanisms of adaptation

    OpenAIRE

    Grenier, S.; Barre, P.; Litrico, I.

    2016-01-01

    Selection and plasticity are two mechanisms that allow the adaptation of a population to a changing environment. Interaction between these nonexclusive mechanisms must be considered if we are to understand population survival. This review discusses the ways in which plasticity and selection can interact, based on a review of the literature on selection and phenotypic plasticity in the evolution of populations. The link between selection and phenotypic plasticity is analysed at the level of th...

  19. An Inquiry into the Methods of Heuristic Teaching for "Aesthetics of Literature and Art"%“文艺美学”课程进行启发式教学的方式浅探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱岚武

    2012-01-01

    The aesthetics of literature and art is an important professional course of the major of Chinese language and literature,however,the vast majority of students lack enthusiasm in this course for the course required more professional knowledge and the teaching material is boring. However, aesthetic ability is an extremely important accomplishment of modern college students.In order to improve students' aesthetic ability, teaching reform is imperative. This paper holds that heuristic teaching is the core, and discusses from reading, teaching techniques and multimedia.%文艺美学是汉语言文学专业很重要的一门专业课程,然而由于该课程所需专业基础知识较多,加之教材内容较为枯燥,目前绝大部分学生对这门课缺少热情。而审美能力却又是现代大学生极为重要的素养,为提高学生该方面的能力,教学改革势在必行。本文认为,进行启发式教学是核心,并从阅读、教学技巧和多媒体等现代技术的运用三个方面进行了探讨。

  20. Overcoming maladaptive plasticity through plastic compensation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew R.J. MORRIS, Sean M. ROGERS

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Most species evolve within fluctuating environments, and have developed adaptations to meet the challenges posed by environmental heterogeneity. One such adaptation is phenotypic plasticity, or the ability of a single genotype to produce multiple environmentally-induced phenotypes. Yet, not all plasticity is adaptive. Despite the renewed interest in adaptive phenotypic plasticity and its consequences for evolution, much less is known about maladaptive plasticity. However, maladaptive plasticity is likely an important driver of phenotypic similarity among populations living in different environments. This paper traces four strategies for overcoming maladaptive plasticity that result in phenotypic similarity, two of which involve genetic changes (standing genetic variation, genetic compensation and two of which do not (standing epigenetic variation, plastic compensation. Plastic compensation is defined as adaptive plasticity overcoming maladaptive plasticity. In particular, plastic compensation may increase the likelihood of genetic compensation by facilitating population persistence. We provide key terms to disentangle these aspects of phenotypic plasticity and introduce examples to reinforce the potential importance of plastic compensation for understanding evolutionary change [Current Zoology 59 (4: 526–536, 2013].

  1. Overcoming maladaptive plasticity through plastic compensation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Matthew R.J.MORRIS; Sean M.ROGERS

    2013-01-01

    Most species evolve within fluctuating environments,and have developed adaptations to meet the challenges posed by environmental heterogeneity.One such adaptation is phenotypic plasticity,or the ability of a single genotype to produce multiple environmentally-induced phenotypes.Yet,not all plasticity is adaptive.Despite the renewed interest in adaptive phenotypic plasticity and its consequences for evolution,much less is known about maladaptive plasticity.However,maladaptive plasticity is likely an important driver of phenotypic similarity among populations living in different environments.This paper traces four strategies for overcoming maladaptive plasticity that result in phenotypic similarity,two of which involve genetic changes (standing genetic variation,genetic compensation) and two of which do not (standing epigenetic variation,plastic compensation).Plastic compensation is defined as adaptive plasticity overcoming maladaptive plasticity.In particular,plastic compensation may increase the likelihood of genetic compensation by facilitating population persistence.We provide key terms to disentangle these aspects of phenotypic plasticity and introduce examples to reinforce the potential importance of plastic compensation for understanding evolutionary change.

  2. Art Engineering and Kinetic Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barış Yılmaz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Performing an art, either by painting or by sculpturing, requires to be interdisciplinary. When an artist creates his/her work of art, the process he/she realizes is supported by different engineering disciplines. Therefore, especially modern artists need to understand engineering science and this results in transforming artists into engineers. Opportunities provided by technology and science enable artists to expand his/her vision and to improve his/her works. Especially kinetic art has become an approach that combines art with engineering. Kinetic art, which is nourished with varied disciplines, is an excellent example to prove that art is interdisciplinary and to show the relationship between artist/art and engineering.

  3. Recycling of Plastic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Højlund; Fruergaard, Thilde

    2011-01-01

    Plastic is produced from fossil oil. Plastic is used for many different products. Some plastic products like, for example, wrapping foil, bags and disposable containers for food and beverage have very short lifetimes and thus constitute a major fraction of most waste. Other plastic products like......, good strength and long durability. Recycling of plastic waste from production is well-established, while recycling of postconsumer plastic waste still is in its infancy. This chapter describes briefly how plastic is produced and how waste plastic is recycled in the industry. Quality requirements...

  4. Installation Art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Anne Ring

    Despite its large and growing popularity – to say nothing of its near-ubiquity in the world’s art scenes and international exhibitions of contemporary art –installation art remains a form whose artistic vocabulary and conceptual basis have rarely been subjected to thorough critical examination....... In Installation Art: Between Image and Stage, Anne Ring Petersen aims to change that. She begins by exploring how installation art developed into an interdisciplinary genre in the 1960s, and how its intertwining of the visual and the performative has acted as a catalyst for the generation of new artistic...... phenomena. It investigates how it became one of today’s most widely used art forms, increasingly expanding into consumer, popular and urban cultures, where installation’s often spectacular appearance ensures that it meets contemporary demands for sense-provoking and immersive cultural experiences. The main...

  5. Installation Art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Anne Ring

    Despite its large and growing popularity – to say nothing of its near-ubiquity in the world’s art scenes and international exhibitions of contemporary art –installation art remains a form whose artistic vocabulary and conceptual basis have rarely been subjected to thorough critical examination....... In Installation Art: Between Image and Stage, Anne Ring Petersen aims to change that. She begins by exploring how installation art developed into an interdisciplinary genre in the 1960s, and how its intertwining of the visual and the performative has acted as a catalyst for the generation of new artistic...... phenomena. It investigates how it became one of today’s most widely used art forms, increasingly expanding into consumer, popular and urban cultures, where installation’s often spectacular appearance ensures that it meets contemporary demands for sense-provoking and immersive cultural experiences. The main...

  6. Mindful art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malafouris, Lambros

    2013-04-01

    Bullot & Reber (B&R) begin asking if the study of the mind's inner life can provide a foundation for a science of art. Clearly there are many epistemological problems involved in the study of the cognitive and affective basis of art appreciation. I argue that context is key. I also propose that as long as the "mind's life" continues to be perceived as an "inner" intracranial phenomenon, little progress can be made. Mind and art are one.

  7. The Peculiar Art of Cultural Formations: Roberto Bolaño and the Translation of Latin American Literature in The United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Pollack

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Les Détectives sauvages de Roberto Bolaño, traduit en anglais en 2007, représente une rupture avec l’esthétique en pleine expansion du réalisme magique et l’appétit du lecteur états-unien pour ce genre. La décision du New York Times de décerner au roman de Bolaño sa plus grande distinction, ainsi que les comptes-rendus enthousiastes que le livre a reçus dans d’autres publications à travers le pays, interrogent inévitablement : comment l’ establishement littéraire des Etats-Unis reconfigure-t-il actuellement ce qu’il juge être « la littérature latino-américaine », et, par extension, comment cette région est-elle représentée à travers la traduction anglaise de ces romans ? Bien que Les Détectives sauvages réorganisent en apparence les coordonnées du roman latino-américain, l’image qui transparaît dans ses pages révèle certaines idées préconçues de l’altérité qui satisfont l’imaginaire des consommateurs de culture états-uniens.Roberto Bolaño’s The Savage Detectives, translated in 2007, represents a break with “boom” aesthetics and the U.S. reader’s appetite for magic realism. The New York Times’s decision to honor Bolaño’s 577-page-long novel with its highest accolade, and the rave reviews the novel received in other publications across the country, necessitate the pondering of how the U.S. literary establishment is presently reconfiguring what it deems “Latin American literature” to be, and, by extension, how it represents the region to itself through literature in English translation. I propose that although The Savage Detectives ostensibly realigns the coordinates of the Latin American novel, the image that is gleaned from its pages foments other (preconceptions of alterity that satisfy the fantasies and collective imagination of U.S. cultural consumers.Los detectives salvajes (1998 de Roberto Bolaño, traducido al inglés en 2007, representa una ruptura con las est

  8. Research on literature Carrier's Shape and Its Calligraphy Art of Yi People's Words%试析彝文文献载体形制及其书法艺术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙倮贵

    2015-01-01

    彝族先民创造了彝文,并保留下来了种类繁多、内容丰富的彝文文献.从目前发掘的彝文文献载体形制而言,有纸书、木刻印刷书、皮书、瓦书、岩书、布帛书、木牍文、竹简文、金石铭文、印玺文等多种载体形制.彝文书法是以彝文字体为基础的书法手段,既有点线粗犷、刚健、明快、流畅、简捷、生动的特点,又有结构紧密,笔锋刚柔兼有,工者相济,刚则有力,柔则似水,字体端庄、形象、洗练的特点,反映出本民族的某些性格、精神风貌和心理素质,并具有社会历史价值、美学价值、学术价值,为彝文书法研究提供了艺术素材,展示了广阔的前景.%In ancient times Yi ancestors invented the Yi language word. They use their own Yi lan-guage words recorded various types of carrier, rich in content and variety of precious literature. From the ar-chaeological excavations, the documents have a paper book, wood carving books, leather, tile, rock books, cloth, wood, bamboo, stone inscriptions, etc. Yi people's calligraphy it is based on Yi language fonts, it is a bit bold, energetic, lively, smooth, simple and vivid features, and to structure tightly, pen, firm soft with the workers of economic, just is strong, soft like water, font dignified practice, image, and the characteristics of image art. The calligraphy art reflects the Yi people's certain character, spirit and psychological quality, and have a social and historical value, aesthetic value and academic value, and provides the Yi language study of calligraphy art, shows the broad prospects.

  9. Enriching Music and Language Arts Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flohr, John W.

    2006-01-01

    The article focuses on enriching music and language arts experiences of students. Music can enrich literature and language arts, poetry, theater arts, transitions, science, and math, as well as help meet special learner needs. A well-understood example of enrichment is the alphabet song. A music or classroom teacher using the alphabet song helps…

  10. Watching the Art Education Pendulum Swing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hausman, Jerome J.

    A literature review of material from 1965 to the present that influenced the art education field, including publications outside of art education, is identified. "The Process of Education" by Jerome Bruner (1965) is discussed initially. An analysis of how the Pennsylvania State Seminar (1965) called for art educators to make an effort to…

  11. Watching the Art Education Pendulum Swing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hausman, Jerome J.

    A literature review of material from 1965 to the present that influenced the art education field, including publications outside of art education, is identified. "The Process of Education" by Jerome Bruner (1965) is discussed initially. An analysis of how the Pennsylvania State Seminar (1965) called for art educators to make an effort to…

  12. Martial arts injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pieter, Willy

    2005-01-01

    To review the current evidence for the epidemiology of pediatric injuries in martial arts. The relevant literature was searched using SPORT DISCUS (keywords: martial arts injuries, judo injuries, karate injuries, and taekwondo injuries and ProQuest (keywords: martial arts, taekwondo, karate, and judo), as well as hand searches of the reference lists. In general, the absolute number of injuries in girls is lower than in boys. However, when expressed relative to exposure, the injury rates of girls are higher. Injuries by body region reflect the specific techniques and rules of the martial art. The upper extremities tend to get injured more often in judo, the head and face in karate and the lower extremities in taekwondo. Activities engaged in at the time of injury included performing a kick or being thrown in judo, while punching in karate, and performing a roundhouse kick in taekwondo. Injury type tends to be martial art specific with sprains reported in judo and taekwondo and epistaxis in karate. Injury risk factors in martial arts include age, body weight and exposure. Preventive measures should focus on education of coaches, referees, athletes, and tournament directors. Although descriptive research should continue, analytical studies are urgently needed.

  13. 宣示与规定:1949年前后延安文艺丛书的编纂刊行丛书的编纂刊行——以“北方文丛”与“中国人民文艺丛书”的编辑出版为例%Declaration and Establishment: A Review on the Compilation and Delivery of Serials of Yan' an Literature and Art around 1949 -Exemplification by Compilation and Publication of Serials of Northern Literature and Serials of Chinese People' s Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王荣

    2012-01-01

    During the development of the 20th century Chinese literature, numerous serials of Yan' an literature and art compiled and published in the 1940' s not only declared and completed the construct and historical description of Yan' an literature and art but also "established the orientation of literature and art of new China" and national norm of aesthetics and order of literary genres by a combination of political power and ideological goal. Among these Yan' an publications, the Serials of Northern Literature and Serials of Chinese People' s Literature compiled respectively by Zhou Yang and Zhou Erfu typically represented the editorial conception, selective criteria and ideological goal of current serials of Yan' an literature and art. Through deliberate collection and classified description of literary history, these serials of Yan' an literature and art helped construct resources and norm of Yan' an literature and art and "new people' s literature art", and became the leading academic basis and resources of Yan' an literature and art and the 20th century Chinese literature in compiling historical documents of Yah' an literature and art, iedition investigation, text collation and "sub-text" studies.%在20世纪中国文学发展过程中,40年代编辑出版的多种延安文艺丛书,不仅宣示并完成了延安文艺及其艺术传统的建构与历史叙述,同时又通过与政治权力及意识形态目的的结合,“规定了新中国的文艺的方向”及其国家美学规范与文类秩序。其中,1949年前后由周而复和周扬等分别主编的“北方文丛”与“中国人民文艺丛书”,集中体现出了当时的延安文艺丛书编辑理念、选题准则和意识形态目的等历史特征,以及有意识通过丛书汇集及其“经典化”的文学史叙述,建构延安文艺及其“新的人民的文艺”资源与规范等文化实践功能,并在延安文艺

  14. Art Appreciation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    Zhuo Dehui graduated from Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts in 1973 with a specialty in lacquer painting, and shortly thereafter began teaching at the school. Zhuo has conducted research and actively created decorative art for many decades, and has often led groups of students deep into the areas inhabited by minority nationalities, The two paintings shown here represent his impressions and depictions of

  15. Art Markets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.A. Arora (Payal); F.R.R. Vermeylen (Filip)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractThe advent of digitization has had a profound impact on the art market and its institutions. In this chapter, we focus on the market for visual arts as it finds its expression in (among other) paintings, prints, drawings, photographs, sculpture and the like. These artistic disciplines cl

  16. Art Photography

    OpenAIRE

    Bate, D.

    2015-01-01

    The book introduces the key themes central to the interactions between photography and art, from the earliest days of photography in the 1830s to the present day, examining the many ways in which photography has become central to the development of modern and contemporary art.

  17. Art Markets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.A. Arora (Payal); F.R.R. Vermeylen (Filip)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractThe advent of digitization has had a profound impact on the art market and its institutions. In this chapter, we focus on the market for visual arts as it finds its expression in (among other) paintings, prints, drawings, photographs, sculpture and the like. These artistic disciplines

  18. Art Appreciation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    Modern embossed forged copper has an elegant character. This art form works well as decoration for the walls of buildings. Chen Chuan, the designer, pursues a look of simplicity and powerfulness in his works Auspiciousness and Harmony, which is based on the themes of man and nature. Chen carefully plans the arrangement of convex and concave parts, adding texture by hammering or scraping in many small points and fine lines. With a steel pick, the artist creates a surface sometimes rough and matte, sometimes smooth and shiny. Chen Chuan graduated from the Hubei Institute of Arts in 1965, and was deputy director of the Shandong Provincial Art Gallery from 1984 to 1991. A member of the China Artists Association and the China Graphic Art Association, Chen Chuan is ranked as a first-class artisan, and currently serves as director of the forge copper art office of the Shandong Academy. He has won awards at exhibitions held both at home and abroad.

  19. Use of recycled plastics in concrete: A critical review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Lei; Ozbakkaloglu, Togay

    2016-05-01

    Plastics have become an essential part of our modern lifestyle, and the global plastic production has increased immensely during the past 50years. This has contributed greatly to the production of plastic-related waste. Reuse of waste and recycled plastic materials in concrete mix as an environmental friendly construction material has drawn attention of researchers in recent times, and a large number of studies reporting the behavior of concrete containing waste and recycled plastic materials have been published. This paper summarizes the current published literature until 2015, discussing the material properties and recycling methods of plastic and the influence of plastic materials on the properties of concrete. To provide a comprehensive review, a total of 84 studies were considered, and they were classified into sub categories based on whether they dealt with concrete containing plastic aggregates or plastic fibers. Furthermore, the morphology of concrete containing plastic materials is described in this paper to explain the influence of plastic aggregates and plastic fibers on the properties of concrete. The properties of concretes containing virgin plastic materials were also reviewed to establish their similarities and differences with concrete containing recycled plastics.

  20. Tratamento cirúrgico de pseudoaneurisma de artéria isquiática: relato de caso e revisão da literatura Surgical treatment of false aneurysm of the sciatic artery: case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Ioshio Handa

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available A persistência da artéria isquiática é uma rara variação anatômica, com poucos casos descritos na literatura, manifestando-se por formação de aneurisma, massa pulsátil em glúteo, isquemia aguda ou crônica de membro inferior e compressão de nervo isquiático. O diagnóstico é confirmado com exames de imagem: mapeamento duplex, angiotomografia e angiorressonância magnética. O tratamento é indicado nos casos sintomáticos ou quando há formação de aneurisma, realizado através de ligadura ou embolização por via endovascular, sendo necessário a revascularização do membro nos casos em que a artéria isquiática é a principal responsável pelo suprimento sangüíneo do membro. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, 43 anos, com pseudoaneurisma de artéria isquiática confirmada por mapeamento duplex e angiorressonância magnética, com quadro de neuropatia isquiática por compressão nervosa e dor local. A paciente foi submetida à exploração cirúrgica com ligadura da artéria isquiática e remoção dos trombos. No seguimento de 12 meses, apresentou importante melhora da dor e realizou fisioterapia motora para recuperação das funções neurológicas do membro.The persistent sciatic artery is a rare anatomical variation, with few cases described on the literature. It presents clinically as aneurysm formation, pulsate gluteal mass, acute or chronic limb ischemia and sciatic nerve compression. Diagnosis is confirmed by imaging methods: duplex scan, CT angiographt and magnetic resonance angiography. Treatment is indicated in symptomatic cases and when there is aneurysm formation and it is performed by ligation of the sciatic artery or endovascular embolization, associated with limb revascularization in the cases the sciatic artery is the main blood supply to the limb. We report the case of a 43 year-old female patient, ,with a false aneurysm of the sciatic artery confirmed by duplex scan and magnetic resonance

  1. Arts Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gartner, Bill

    2015-01-01

    Contribution to the opinion series “Perspectives” on arts entrepreneurship; how arts entrepreneurship is situated in relation to other disciplines or fields; what problems we are grappling with as scholars, practitioners, teachers, and artists; and what are the research questions we are attempting...... to answer individually or as a field. Under the headline “Perspectives on Arts Entrepreneurship, part 2”, are responses from: William B. Gartner, Professor of Entrepreneurship at Copenhagen Business School and California Lutheran University; Joseph Roberts, Director of the Coleman Fellows Program, Associate...

  2. Art and Psychosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarafis P.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The interpretation of the special paint language of psychotics in order to understand of what he couldcommunicate and the way he shows his urge to build again reality, compose his ego again and to verify the fears andthreats that he feels. The purpose of this literature review is to investigate the ways that mental health nursing can useexpression through art therapeutically in order to lead to catharsis. Material-Method: a bibliographic review isattempted for the therapeutic implications and approaches of mental health nursing using art. The literature reviewwas carried out in a systematic way in electronic databases, but also through number of books and articles in Greekand international psychiatric and medical periodicals.Results: Art therapy offers a mirror to the feelings and thoughts.Giving format in sentiments through the image is a step towards achieving control over them. Art is a dialect of a greatvalue that could be used to transfer sometimes the unexespressed and to transmit vibrations and tragedies of thedepth of human life.Conclusions: This bibliographic review will lead mental health nurses to discover new ways ofcommunication and to enrich their capabilities to provide holistic, qualitative, individual care in mental patient. Arthelps person to find new solutions and gives life to the dead energy in order internal feelings and individualexperiences to be expressed to the outside world.

  3. Arts, Brain and Cognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demarin, Vida; Bedeković, Marina Roje; Puretić, Marijana Bosnar; Pašić, Marija Bošnjak

    2016-12-01

    Art is a product of human creativity; it is a superior skill that can be learned by study, practice and observation. Modern neuroscience and neuroimaging enable study of the processes during artistic performance. Creative people have less marked hemispheric dominance. It was found that the right hemisphere is specialized for metaphoric thinking, playfulness, solution finding and synthesizing, it is the center of visualization, imagination and conceptualization, but the left hemisphere is still needed for artistic work to achieve balance. A specific functional organization of brain areas was found during visual art activities. Marked hemispheric dominance and area specialization is also very prominent for music perception. Brain is capable of making new connections, activating new pathways and unmasking secondary roads, it is "plastic". Music is a strong stimulus for neuroplasticity. fMRI studies have shown reorganization of motor and auditory cortex in professional musicians. Other studies showed the changes in neurotransmitter and hormone serum levels in correlation to music. The most prominent connection between music and enhancement of performance or changing of neuropsychological activity was shown by studies involving Mozart's music from which the theory of "The Mozart Effect" was derived. Results of numerous studies showed that listening to music can improve cognition, motor skills and recovery after brain injury. In the field of visual art, brain lesion can lead to the visuospatial neglect, loss of details and significant impairment of artistic work while the lesions affecting the left hemisphere reveal new artistic dimensions, disinhibit the right hemisphere, work is more spontaneous and emotional with the gain of artistic quality. All kinds of arts (music, painting, dancing...) stimulate the brain. They should be part of treatment processes. Work of many artists is an excellent example for the interweaving the neurology and arts.

  4. The hang and art history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine De Lorenzo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The 2013 Australia exhibition in 2013 at the Royal Academy, London, served at one level to demonstrate the ‘Aboriginal turn’ in Australian art history and curatorship. This paper traces some key exhibitions and texts that examine Aboriginal art as art, and traces the use by anthropologists and art historians of seminal texts such as Meyer Schapiro’s essay ‘Style’ published, significantly, in Kroeber’s Anthropology Today (1953. However, what promised to serve as a lingua franca of sorts across the disciplines has provoked contested, and at times heated, interpretations. Disciplinary differences were evident in the years immediately following Tony Tuckson’s 1960-61 Australian Aboriginal Art touring exhibition, and they persist today as evidenced by Howard Morphy’s claim (2011 for anthropological ways of ‘knowing about’ as distinct from art historical attempts at ‘appreciating’ Aboriginal art. So, apart from acknowledging and questioning the persistence of these differences, my question is: Based on the extant art historiographic literature, is there anything methodologically distinctive about the practice of art history when it grapples with exhibitions of Aboriginal art?

  5. Art Appreciation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    Luo Zhongli. now a professor with the Oil Painting Department in the Sichuan Academy of Fine Arts became famous in the Chinese painters’ circle in 1980 with his enormous painting, Father. This painting also led the rise

  6. Recycling of Plastic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Højlund; Fruergaard, Thilde

    2011-01-01

    Plastic is produced from fossil oil. Plastic is used for many different products. Some plastic products like, for example, wrapping foil, bags and disposable containers for food and beverage have very short lifetimes and thus constitute a major fraction of most waste. Other plastic products like......, for example, gutters, window frames, car parts and transportation boxes have long lifetimes and thus appear as waste only many years after they have been introduced on the market. Plastic is constantly being used for new products because of its attractive material properties: relatively cheap, easy to form......, good strength and long durability. Recycling of plastic waste from production is well-established, while recycling of postconsumer plastic waste still is in its infancy. This chapter describes briefly how plastic is produced and how waste plastic is recycled in the industry. Quality requirements...

  7. Rock Art

    OpenAIRE

    Huyge, Dirk

    2009-01-01

    Rock art, basically being non-utilitarian, non-textual anthropic markings on natural rock surfaces, was an extremely widespread graphical practice in ancient Egypt. While the apogee of the tradition was definitely the Predynastic Period (mainly fourth millennium BCE), examples date from the late Palaeolithic (c. 15,000 BCE) until the Islamic era. Geographically speaking, “Egyptian” rock art is known from many hundreds of sites along the margins of the Upper Egyptian and Nubian Nile Valley and...

  8. ART APPRECIATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    In Naive Girls, Zhang Nan portrays three country girls with brightly decorative colors commonly seen in Chinese folk art. Their individuality is portrayed with the contrasting colors of their clothing, yet the whole picture is harmonious. The naivete of country girls is distilled into art. Delight portrays a fishing girl drying fish in the open air. On her bamboo hat hang strings of fish. The background is painted with skills used in traditional Chinese water and ink painting.

  9. Applied Literature for Healing,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanna Marie Anderson

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In this qualitative research study interviews conducted with elite participants serve to reveal the underlying elements that unite the richly diverse emerging field of Applied Literature. The basic interpretative qualitative method included a thematic analysis of data from the interviews yielding numerous common elements that were then distilled into key themes that elucidated the beneficial effects of engaging consciously with literature. These themes included developing a stronger sense of self in balance with an increasing connection with community; providing a safe container to engage challenging and potentially overwhelming issues from a stance of empowered action; and fostering a healing space for creativity. The findings provide grounds for uniting the work being done in a range of helping professions into a cohesive field of Applied Literature, which offers effective tools for healing, transformation and empowerment. Keywords: Applied Literature, Bibliotherapy, Poetry Therapy, Arts in Corrections, Arts in Medicine

  10. Ways of Viewing Pictorial Plasticity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maarten W. A. Wijntjes

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The plastic effect is historically used to denote various forms of stereopsis. The vivid impression of depth often associated with binocular stereopsis can also be achieved in other ways, for example, using a synopter. Accounts of this go back over a hundred years. These ways of viewing all aim to diminish sensorial evidence that the picture is physically flat. Although various viewing modes have been proposed in the literature, their effects have never been compared. In the current study, we compared three viewing modes: monocular blur, synoptic viewing, and free viewing (using a placebo synopter. By designing a physical embodiment that was indistinguishable for the three experimental conditions, we kept observers naïve with respect to the differences between them; 197 observers participated in an experiment where the three viewing modes were compared by performing a rating task. Results indicate that synoptic viewing causes the largest plastic effect. Monocular blur scores lower than synoptic viewing but is still rated significantly higher than the baseline conditions. The results strengthen the idea that synoptic viewing is not due to a placebo effect. Furthermore, monocular blur has been verified for the first time as a way of experiencing the plastic effect, although the effect is smaller than synoptic viewing. We discuss the results with respect to the theoretical basis for the plastic effect. We show that current theories are not described with sufficient details to explain the differences we found.

  11. 77 FR 54930 - Carlyle Plastics and Resins, Formerly Known as Fortis Plastics, A Subsidiary of Plastics...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... Employment and Training Administration Carlyle Plastics and Resins, Formerly Known as Fortis Plastics, A... plastic parts. New information shows that Fortis Plastics is now called Carlyle Plastics and Resins. In... of Carlyle Plastics and Resins, formerly known as Fortis Plastics, a subsidiary of...

  12. Niki de Saint Phalle's lifelong dialogue between art and diseases: psychological trauma of sexual abuse, transient selective IgA deficiency, occupational exposure to toxic plastic material, chronic lung disease, rheumatoid arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeidler, Henning

    2013-05-01

    The French artist Niki de Saint Phalle (1930-2002) is one of the most famous female painter and sculptor of the 20th century. Her eventful live was full of emotional and physical burdens such as abuse by the father as a adolescent, early separation from family, nervous collapse, turbulent relationship with the artist Jean Tinguely, and last not least serious diseases. The psychological trauma of sexual abuse together with a "nervous breakdown" years later was the start of a life as an artist and is also a key to her art of the early years. She was affected from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and was treated over 20 years with prednisolone and antimalarials leading to a good functional outcome and limited erosions of the wrist joint. Additionally, she had lifelong pulmonary disorders finally leading to death, which she attributed to polyester, the material used for her sculptures. An analysis of medical documents collected by her and provided by treating physicians gives another surprising explanation: selective IgA deficiency with multiple recurrent respiratory infections, asthma, milk intolerance, autoimmune thyroiditis, and RA compatible with hypogammaglobulinemia. Very unique in case of Niki de Saint Phalle is that IgA deficiency was transient. Nevertheless, it may be possible that the occupational exposure with art materials (polystyrene, polyester) has contributed in part or temporarily to her health problems. Altogether, her enormous artistic productivity represents an outstanding example of creative coping with RA and other lifelong health problems.

  13. New Technologies, New Possibilities for the Arts and Multimodality in English Language Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Wendy R.

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses the arts, multimodality, and new technologies in English language arts. It then turns to the example of the illuminated text--a multimodal book report consisting of animated text, music, and images--to consider how art, multimodality, and technology can work together to support students' reading of literature and inspire…

  14. 《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》与知识分子的主体性%The Relations Between The Speech at Forum on Literature and Art in Yan'an and the Subjectivity of Intellectual

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    As the policy of communist party of china on literature and art, the speech at forum on litera-ture and art has constructed the intellectual revolutional subjectivity,on the other hand,has spired the creation of the literature and the theroy of literature and art. The speech has been a classic text.%  《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》作为党的文艺政策,一方面建构了知识分子的革命主体性,使得知识分子站在人民的立场,成为革命事业的重要力量;另一方面规约和激励着中国文坛的创作与文艺理论的建构,使得知识分子积极参与文艺的创作与评论。《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》发表后的70年中,成为不断被阐释的经典文本。

  15. Art and dystonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Ruiz, Pedro J; Slawek, Jaroslaw; Sitek, Emilia J; Martinez Castrillo, Juan Carlos

    2015-09-15

    Dystonia has a recent history in medicine. Focal dystonia was described in the 19th century by classic authors including Gowers, whilst generalized dystonia was described at the turn of the century. However, it is possible to find precise descriptions of dystonia in art, centuries before the medical definition. We have reviewed several pieces of art (sculpture, painting and literature) across the history that might represent descriptions of dystonia, from ancient period to nowadays. In classic times, the first reference to abnormal postures can be tracked back to the new Empire of Egypt (equinus foot), not to mention some recently described examples of dystonia from the Moche sculptures in Peru or Veracruz culture from Mexico. In Middle Ages it is possible to find many examples of sculptures in European cathedrals representing peasants with dramatic, presumably dystonic postures that coexist with amputation of limbs. This unique combination of dystonia and limb amputation probably represents ergotism. The painters Brueghel, Ribera and Velazquez also represented figures with postures likely to be dystonic. Literature is also a source of precise pre-neurological descriptions, especially during the 19th century. In David Copperfield, Dickens depicts characters with generalized dystonia (Uriah Heep), cervical dystonia (Mr. Sharp) and spasmodic dysphonia (Mr Creakle). Finally, even in modern Art (19th and 20th centuries), there are dramatic descriptions of abnormal postures that are likely to be dystonic, such as painful cervical dystonia (Brancusi), cervical dystonia with sensory trick (Modigliani) and upper limb dystonia (Wyspianski). However some postures presented in works of art may simply be a form of artistic expression and only bear unintentional resemblance to the dystonic postures. Art may be a source of neurological information, and that includes primary and secondary dystonia. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Shadow art

    KAUST Repository

    Mitra, Niloy J.

    2009-01-01

    "To them, I said, the truth would be literally nothing but the shadows of the images." - Plato, The Republic Shadow art is a unique form of sculptural art where the 2D shadows cast by a 3D sculpture are essential for the artistic effect. We introduce computational tools for the creation of shadow art and propose a design process where the user can directly specify the desired shadows by providing a set of binary images and corresponding projection information. Since multiple shadow images often contradict each other, we present a geometric optimization that computes a 3D shadow volume whose shadows best approximate the provided input images. Our analysis shows that this optimization is essential for obtaining physically realizable 3D sculptures. The resulting shadow volume can then be modified with a set of interactive editing tools that automatically respect the often intricate shadow constraints. We demonstrate the potential of our system with a number of complex 3D shadow art sculptures that go beyond what is seen in contemporary art pieces. © 2009 ACM.

  17. Our plastic age

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Richard C. Thompson; Shanna H. Swan; Charles J. Moore; Frederick S. vom Saal

    2009-01-01

    Within the last few decades, plastics have revolutionized our daily lives. Globally we use in excess of 260 million tonnes of plastic per annum, accounting for approximately 8 per cent of world oil production...

  18. Weinig plastic in vissenmaag

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Foekema, E.M.

    2012-01-01

    Waar de magen van sommige zeevogels vol plastic zitten, lijken vissen in de Noordzee nauwelijks last te hebben van kunststofafval. Onderzoekers die plastic resten zochten in vissenmagen vonden ze in elk geval nauwelijks.

  19. Ear Plastic Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ENTCareers Marketplace Find an ENT Doctor Near You Ear Plastic Surgery Ear Plastic Surgery Patient Health Information ... they may improve appearance and self-confidence. Can Ear Deformities Be Corrected? Formation of the ear during ...

  20. Revisión bibliográfica de los artículos publicados de cirugía bucal en el año 2005 Literature review of oral surgery articles published in 2005

    OpenAIRE

    C. Larrazábal Morón; S. Galán Gil; M. Peñarrocha Diago

    2008-01-01

    Introducción. El objetivo de este trabajo es revisar los artículos de cirugía oral publicados en el año 2005. Material y método. Tres revisores han realizado una búsqueda en las revistas indexadas en Medline, clasificando los artículos de acuerdo a diferentes temas. Los criterios de búsqueda fueron: artículos de especial interés publicados en revistas de impacto nacional e internacional, que actualizaran cualquiera de los temas señalados. Resultados. Los artículos más interesantes sobre cirug...

  1. Biodegradability of Plastics

    OpenAIRE

    Yutaka Tokiwa; Calabia, Buenaventurada P.; Charles U. Ugwu; Seiichi Aiba

    2009-01-01

    Plastic is a broad name given to different polymers with high molecular weight, which can be degraded by various processes. However, considering their abundance in the environment and their specificity in attacking plastics, biodegradation of plastics by microorganisms and enzymes seems to be the most effective process. When plastics are used as substrates for microorganisms, evaluation of their biodegradability should not only be based on their chemical structure, but also on their physical ...

  2. Art Therapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Vibeke; Pedersen, Inge Nygaard

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Based on a Jungian approach, this article will introduce an integrative model to therapeutic change using art therapy methods as practical tools, with the aim of improving quality of life and in the prevention of depression. In a research study involving six participants, painting, clay...... work and drumming were used together with imagination and personal dialogues linked to the artwork. These art therapy processes attempted to combine the participant’s experience of inner and outer reality. The effect of gaining more knowledge about their inner reality using dreams and symbols......, was that participants gained a new understanding about their personal life. In addition, some participants were able to continue to use art therapy experiences as selfdevelopmental tools after the research study terminated. Jung’s description of the interactive relationship between the two living parts of the psyche...

  3. Art Therapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Vibeke; Pedersen, Inge Nygaard

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Based on a Jungian approach, this article will introduce an integrative model to therapeutic change using art therapy methods as practical tools, with the aim of improving quality of life and in the prevention of depression. In a research study involving six participants, painting, clay...... work and drumming were used together with imagination and personal dialogues linked to the artwork. These art therapy processes attempted to combine the participant’s experience of inner and outer reality. The effect of gaining more knowledge about their inner reality using dreams and symbols...... model of Art Therapy with this population. This article focuses on the psychological aspect of creativity related to mild depression with an emphasis on the interaction between the conscious and the unconscious part of the psyche....

  4. The Literature Connection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    State of Reading, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Presents: the 1996/97 Texas Bluebonnet Award Master List of 19 children's books; a short essay about what she writes and why she writes it by Texas author Angela Shelf Medearis; an essay introducing Arte Publico Press in Houston, a publisher of contemporary and recovered literature by United States Hispanic authors; and the 1996/97 Texas Lone Star…

  5. African Literature as Celebration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achebe, Chinua

    1989-01-01

    Describes the Igbo tradition of "Mbari," a communal creative enterprise that celebrates the world and the life lived in it through art. Contrasts the cooperative, social dimension of pre-colonial African culture with the exclusion and denial of European colonialism, and sees new African literature again celebrating human presence and…

  6. Reflections: Children and Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    And Others; Cianciolo, Patricia J.

    1980-01-01

    Six educational leaders--Patricia J. Cianciolo, Lee Bennett Hopkins, Nancy Larrick, Alan C. Purves, Morton Schindel, and James R. Squire--offer reflections on signficiant developments in children's literature during the 1970s, their hopes for the 1980s, and references that constitute required reading for elementary language arts teachers. (ET)

  7. Chemical Recycle of Plastics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Fatima

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Various chemical processes currently prevalent in the chemical industry for plastics recycling have been discussed. Possible future scenarios in chemical recycling have also been discussed. Also analyzed are the effects on the environment, the risks, costs and benefits of PVC recycling. Also listed are the various types of plastics and which plastics are safe to use and which not after rcycle

  8. Plastic value chains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baxter, John; Wahlstrom, Margareta; Zu Castell-Rüdenhausen, Malin

    2014-01-01

    Optimizing plastic value chains is regarded as an important measure in order to increase recycling of plastics in an efficient way. This can also lead to improved awareness of the hazardous substances contained in plastic waste, and how to avoid that these substances are recycled. As an example...

  9. Art Academy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Created in 1996 by Mauritians Anna Patten and Sanedhip Bhimjee,Art Academy has gained a high profile due to its dance creation Katha’zz.Mixing new styles with traditional Kathak,the academy produces visual poetry that keeps it busy traveling around the world. Last September,along with the Mauritian presidential delegation,Art Academy presented Chinese audiences a real taste of Mauritian culture. Choreographer,dancer and set designer Bhimjee spoke to ChinAfrica from Mauritius about Katha’zz and its fusion with Chinese folk music.

  10. Humanisme et art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bejjani, Gérard

    2014-06-01

    Humanism and art - To what extent does art have a major role to play in twenty-first-century humanism? Greek philosophers believed that its purpose was ethical, serving to improve people by confronting them with evil and purging their passions. Nineteenth-century literature saw it as edifying and utilitarian, and for two centuries it was associated with the principles of goodness, truth, freedom and resistance to oppression, part of a general movement towards greater human solidarity based on shared experience. Literature and, more recently, cinema have been the most effective at defending human values. But the role of culture is not purely ethical: it also encourages a purely aesthetic reflection that has become the sole truth of creation. The aspiration to beauty reminds us that mankind is no ordinary species, but a reminiscence of the ideal objectified in works of art. The quest for the absolute is that of artists who draw on the lessons of history to come closer to the essence of spirituality and the cosmic centre of the world. Artistic vision is the ultimate vocation of humanity, achieving greatness and dignity in a constant quest for illumination, engaging in dialogue with the transcendent, and perhaps even transcending our own finiteness.

  11. Biodegradability of plastics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokiwa, Yutaka; Calabia, Buenaventurada P; Ugwu, Charles U; Aiba, Seiichi

    2009-08-26

    Plastic is a broad name given to different polymers with high molecular weight, which can be degraded by various processes. However, considering their abundance in the environment and their specificity in attacking plastics, biodegradation of plastics by microorganisms and enzymes seems to be the most effective process. When plastics are used as substrates for microorganisms, evaluation of their biodegradability should not only be based on their chemical structure, but also on their physical properties (melting point, glass transition temperature, crystallinity, storage modulus etc.). In this review, microbial and enzymatic biodegradation of plastics and some factors that affect their biodegradability are discussed.

  12. Plastic value chains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baxter, John; Wahlstrom, Margareta; Zu Castell-Rüdenhausen, Malin

    2014-01-01

    Optimizing plastic value chains is regarded as an important measure in order to increase recycling of plastics in an efficient way. This can also lead to improved awareness of the hazardous substances contained in plastic waste, and how to avoid that these substances are recycled. As an example......, plastics from WEEE is chosen as a Nordic case study. The project aims to propose a number of improvements for this value chain together with representatives from Nordic stakeholders. Based on the experiences made, a guide for other plastic value chains shall be developed....

  13. Biodegradability of Plastics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yutaka Tokiwa

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Plastic is a broad name given to different polymers with high molecular weight, which can be degraded by various processes. However, considering their abundance in the environment and their specificity in attacking plastics, biodegradation of plastics by microorganisms and enzymes seems to be the most effective process. When plastics are used as substrates for microorganisms, evaluation of their biodegradability should not only be based on their chemical structure, but also on their physical properties (melting point, glass transition temperature, crystallinity, storage modulus etc.. In this review, microbial and enzymatic biodegradation of plastics and some factors that affect their biodegradability are discussed.

  14. Journal of CHINA PLASTICS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Journal of CHINA PLASTICS was authorized and approved by The State Committee of Science and Technology of China and The Bureau of News Press of China, and published by The China Plastics Processing Industry Association,Beijing Technology and Business University and The Institute of Plastics Processing and Application of Light Industry, distributed worldwide. Since its birth in 1987, CHINA PLASTICS has become a leading magazine in plastics industry in China, a national Chinese core journal and journal of Chinese scientific and technological article statistics. It is covered by CA.

  15. Micromechanical and Thermodynamic Aspects of the Plastic Spin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giessen, E. van der

    1991-01-01

    The paper focuses on the concept of plastic spin and its constitutive description in phenomenological theories for macroscopic large strain elastoplasticity. An overview is given of kinematic descriptions of the plastic spin and of constitutive relationships which have been proposed in the literatur

  16. Art Appreciation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    Cheng Lei has lived in an artistic environment since childhood. In 1991 she graduated from the Central Institute of Fine Arts in Beijing. She loves, raises and paints cats. Cheng is adept at revealing the beauty and intelligence of felines using light and neutral tones in her watercolors "In my paintings I’m more concerned with expressing my own feelings, my understanding of

  17. Chicken Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bickett, Marianne

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author describes how a visit from a flock of chickens provided inspiration for the children's chicken art. The gentle clucking of the hens, the rooster crowing, and the softness of the feathers all provided rich aural, tactile, visual, and emotional experiences. The experience affirms the importance and value of direct…

  18. Chicken Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bickett, Marianne

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author describes how a visit from a flock of chickens provided inspiration for the children's chicken art. The gentle clucking of the hens, the rooster crowing, and the softness of the feathers all provided rich aural, tactile, visual, and emotional experiences. The experience affirms the importance and value of direct…

  19. Scanner Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaworski, Joy; Murphy, Kris

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the authors describe how they incorporated environmental awareness into their art curriculum. Here, they describe a digital photography project in which their students used flatbed scanners as cameras. Their students composed their objects directly on the scanner. The lesson enabled students to realize that artists have voices…

  20. Art Lessons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Art exhibitions in China are now an important way to engage with Africa THE African Museum at China’s Zhejiang Normal University(ZJNU) is the first of its kind on the Chinese mainland with the theme of African civilization.ZJNU is also the first Chinese university to set up a comprehensive institute of African studies.The museum was completed on

  1. [Personal motif in art].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerevich, József

    2015-01-01

    One of the basic questions of the art psychology is whether a personal motif is to be found behind works of art and if so, how openly or indirectly it appears in the work itself. Analysis of examples and documents from the fine arts and literature allow us to conclude that the personal motif that can be identified by the viewer through symbols, at times easily at others with more difficulty, gives an emotional plus to the artistic product. The personal motif may be found in traumatic experiences, in communication to the model or with other emotionally important persons (mourning, disappointment, revenge, hatred, rivalry, revolt etc.), in self-searching, or self-analysis. The emotions are expressed in artistic activity either directly or indirectly. The intention nourished by the artist's identity (Kunstwollen) may stand in the way of spontaneous self-expression, channelling it into hidden paths. Under the influence of certain circumstances, the artist may arouse in the viewer, consciously or unconsciously, an illusionary, misleading image of himself. An examination of the personal motif is one of the important research areas of art therapy.

  2. Challenges in plastics recycling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pivnenko, Kostyantyn; Jakobsen, L. G.; Eriksen, Marie Kampmann

    2015-01-01

    Recycling of waste plastics still remains a challenging area in the waste management sector. The current and potential goals proposed on EU or regional levels are difficult to achieve, and even to partially fullfil them the improvements in collection and sorting should be considerable. A study...... was undertaken to investigate the factors affecting quality in plastics recycling. The preliminary results showed factors primarily influencing quality of plastics recycling to be polymer cross contamination, presence of additives, non-polymer impurities, and polymer degradation. Deprivation of plastics quality......, with respect to recycling, has been shown to happen throughout the plastics value chain, but steps where improvements may happen have been preliminary identified. Example of Cr in plastic samples analysed showed potential spreading and accumulation of chemicals ending up in the waste plastics. In order...

  3. Glassy metallic plastics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports a class of bulk metallic glass including Ce-, LaCe-, CaLi-, Yb-, and Sr-based metallic glasses, which are regarded as glassy metallic plastics because they combine some unique properties of both plastics and metallic alloys. These glassy metallic plastics have very low glass transition temperature (Tg~25oC to 150oC) and low Young’s modulus (~20 GPa to 35 GPa). Similar to glassy plastics, these metallic plastics show excellent plastic-like deformability on macro-, micro- and even nano-scale in their supercooled liquid range and can be processed, such as elongated, compressed, bent, and imprinted at low temperatures, in hot water for instance. Under ambient conditions, they display such metallic properties as high thermal and electric conductivities and excellent mechanical properties and other unique properties. The metallic plastics have potential applications and are also a model system for studying issues in glass physics.

  4. Balinese Art versus Global Art

    OpenAIRE

    Adrian Vickers

    2015-01-01

    AbstractThere are two reasons why “Balinese art” is not a global art form, firstbecause it became too closely subordinated to tourism between the 1950sand 1970s, and secondly because of confusion about how to classify“modern” and “traditional” Balinese art. The category of ‘modern’ artseems at first to be unproblematic, but looking at Balinese paintingfrom the 1930s to the present day shows that divisions into ‘traditional’,‘modern’ and ‘contemporary’ are anything but straight-forward. Indism...

  5. 预制夹芯保温墙体FRP连接件应用进展%STATE-OF-THE-ART OF FIBER REINFORCED PLASTIC CONNECTORS IN PRECAST CONCRETE SANDWICH WALL PANELS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨佳林; 薛伟辰

    2012-01-01

    Precast concrete sandwich wall panel is a new type of insulation wall which performs well both in structural bearing and thermal insulation. It is consisted of internal and external concrete wall-board, insulating layers and connectors, etc. According to different material, connector can be divided into three categories: common reinforced connector, alloy metal connector and fiber reinforced plastic ( FRP) connector. FRP connector has the property of low thermal conductivity, good durability and high strength. Which can decrease the heat transfer coefficient of sandwich wall panel, and has bright foreground in engineering applications. This paper introduces classification,research and application, standards and specifications of FRP connector, and offers the prospect for research trend of FRP connector in future.%预制混凝土夹芯保温墙体是集承载与保温一体化的新型预制保温墙体,该墙体由内外层混凝土墙板、中间保温层及连接件等组成.按照材料的不同,连接件主要分为普通钢筋连接件、金属合金连接件和纤维塑料(FRP)连接件三种.FRP连接件具有导热系数低、耐久性好、强度高的特点,可有效降低墙体的传热系数,具有广阔的工程应用前景.本文介绍了预制混凝土夹芯保温墙体FRP连接件分类、国内外研究与应用进展和技术规范情况,并对今后FRP连接件研究工作进行了展望.

  6. Art and Pornography: philosophical essays: Philosophical Essays

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Art and Pornography presents a series of essays\\ud which investigate the artistic status and aesthetic\\ud dimension of pornographic pictures, films, and\\ud literature, and explores the distinction, if there is\\ud any, between pornography and erotic art. Is there\\ud any overlap between art and pornography, or are\\ud the two mutually exclusive? If they are, why is\\ud that? If they are not, how might we characterize\\ud pornographic art or artistic pornography, and how\\ud might pornographic art b...

  7. Earthquake excited elasto-plastic structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Randrup-thomsen, Søren; Heuer, R.

    1996-01-01

    Studies of the single degree of freedom elasto-plastic oscillator is well-known in the literature. Some of these works use an associated linear system to describe special features in non-linear domains. One very successful work of this kind uses the socalled Slepian model process related to the a...

  8. Creativity and folk art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glaveanu, Vlad Petre

    2013-01-01

    of Ciocăneşti in northern Romania participated in 2 studies. Study 1 concerned the general stages of traditional egg decoration and their characteristics, and Study 2 took a closer look at variations associated with the activity path, the generalities and specificities of work, and how they could be accounted......This article explores creativity in craftwork using the case of Easter egg decoration, a folk art chosen for its traditional roots and diversity of artistic outcomes. This research contributes to the literature at (a) a theoretical level, by conceptualizing a pragmatist-inspired framework...... of creative activity; (b) a methodological level, by using, beside observation and interview, subjective cameras to record activity; and (c) an empirical level, considering the fact that creativity in folk art has often been a neglected topic. A total of 20 egg decorators of various ages from the village...

  9. Arts and Medicine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2017-01-01

    The paper describes the design, delivery and student engagement with a course on Medicine and the Arts offered at a College of Medicine in a Middle Eastern country. The paper shows how the course tries to provide students with the knowledge, skills and attitudes to develop an appreciation...... for the Arts, and an understanding of their connection to medicine. Literature shows that such an understanding contributes to sharpening students’ social skills, highlighting focus on the humane aspects of medical practice, and linking professional and ethical behavior with an understanding of human essence...... to disease, death and dying, pain, empathy, and influence the way in which they practice medicine, manage their own emotions, and communicate with patients. 2) Honed their critical thinking skills, creative aptitudes and emotional intelligence. 3) Helped them appreciate the move beyond the binaries that have...

  10. Optical Sensors Based on Plastic Fibers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilro, Lúcia; Alberto, Nélia; Pinto, João L.; Nogueira, Rogério

    2012-01-01

    The recent advances of polymer technology allowed the introduction of plastic optical fiber in sensor design. The advantages of optical metrology with plastic optical fiber have attracted the attention of the scientific community, as they allow the development of low-cost or cost competitive systems compared with conventional technologies. In this paper, the current state of the art of plastic optical fiber technology will be reviewed, namely its main characteristics and sensing advantages. Several measurement techniques will be described, with a strong focus on interrogation approaches based on intensity variation in transmission and reflection. The potential applications involving structural health monitoring, medicine, environment and the biological and chemical area are also presented. PMID:23112707

  11. Optical Sensors Based on Plastic Fibers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Nogueira

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The recent advances of polymer technology allowed the introduction of plastic optical fiber in sensor design. The advantages of optical metrology with plastic optical fiber have attracted the attention of the scientific community, as they allow the development of low-cost or cost competitive systems compared with conventional technologies. In this paper, the current state of the art of plastic optical fiber technology will be reviewed, namely its main characteristics and sensing advantages. Several measurement techniques will be described, with a strong focus on interrogation approaches based on intensity variation in transmission and reflection. The potential applications involving structural health monitoring, medicine, environment and the biological and chemical area are also presented.

  12. African Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Recek, Denis

    2011-01-01

    The topic of this diploma is the formation and shaping of African literature. The first chapter is about the beginning of African literature. It describes oral literature and its transmission into written literature. Written African literature had great problems in becoming a part of world literature because of its diversity of languages and dialects. Christianity and Islam are mentioned as two religions which had a great impact on African literature. Colonialism is broadly described as an es...

  13. Marine debris ingestion and Thayer's law - The importance of plastic color.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Robson G; Andrades, Ryan; Fardim, Lorena M; Martins, Agnaldo Silva

    2016-07-01

    In recent years marine plastic pollution has gained considerable attention as a significant threat to marine animals. Despite the abundant literature related to marine debris ingestion, only a few studies attempted to understand the factors involved in debris ingestion. Plastic ingestion is commonly attributed to visual similarities of plastic fragments to animal's prey items, such as plastic bags and jellyfish. However, this simple explanation is not always coherent with the variety of debris items ingested and with the species' main prey items. We assess differences in the conspicuousness of plastic debris related to their color using Thayer's law to infer the likelihood that visual foragers detect plastic fragments. We hypothesize that marine animals that perceive floating plastic from below should preferentially ingest dark plastic fragments, whereas animals that perceive floating plastic from above should select for paler plastic fragments.

  14. The Renaissance Art Academies: Implications for Leadership Education Practices and Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCormick, Michael J.

    2009-01-01

    Taking the perspective that leadership education is similar to art education created a bridge connecting the leadership education literature with the large and rich body of literature on art education and art history. A survey of the more prominent Renaissance art academies was employed to illuminate the education practices of that extraordinary…

  15. Advanced Reach Tool (ART): development of the mechanistic model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fransman, Wouter; Van Tongeren, Martie; Cherrie, John W; Tischer, Martin; Schneider, Thomas; Schinkel, Jody; Kromhout, Hans; Warren, Nick; Goede, Henk; Tielemans, Erik

    2011-11-01

    This paper describes the development of the mechanistic model within a collaborative project, referred to as the Advanced REACH Tool (ART) project, to develop a tool to model inhalation exposure for workers sharing similar operational conditions across different industries and locations in Europe. The ART mechanistic model is based on a conceptual framework that adopts a source receptor approach, which describes the transport of a contaminant from the source to the receptor and defines seven independent principal modifying factors: substance emission potential, activity emission potential, localized controls, segregation, personal enclosure, surface contamination, and dispersion. ART currently differentiates between three different exposure types: vapours, mists, and dust (fumes, fibres, and gases are presently excluded). Various sources were used to assign numerical values to the multipliers to each modifying factor. The evidence used to underpin this assessment procedure was based on chemical and physical laws. In addition, empirical data obtained from literature were used. Where this was not possible, expert elicitation was applied for the assessment procedure. Multipliers for all modifying factors were peer reviewed by leading experts from industry, research institutes, and public authorities across the globe. In addition, several workshops with experts were organized to discuss the proposed exposure multipliers. The mechanistic model is a central part of the ART tool and with advancing knowledge on exposure, determinants will require updates and refinements on a continuous basis, such as the effect of worker behaviour on personal exposure, 'best practice' values that describe the maximum achievable effectiveness of control measures, the intrinsic emission potential of various solid objects (e.g. metal, glass, plastics, etc.), and extending the applicability domain to certain types of exposures (e.g. gas, fume, and fibre exposure).

  16. Plastic Pollution from Ships

    OpenAIRE

    Čulin, Jelena; Bielić, Toni

    2016-01-01

    The environmental impact of shipping on marine environment includes discharge of garbage. Plastic litter is of particular concern due to abundance, resistance to degradation and detrimental effect on marine biota. According to recently published studies, a further research is required to assess human health risk. Monitoring data indicate that despite banning plastic disposal at sea, shipping is still a source of plastic pollution. Some of the measures to combat the problem are discussed.

  17. Female age in ART : When to stop?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broekmans, FJ; Klinkert, ER

    2004-01-01

    With increasing age the probability of ongoing pregnancy established by the use of assisted reproduction technology ( ART) decreases. As a result the question arises whether age limits for the application of ART should be established. From a literature review and ongoing research data it appears

  18. U.S. Arts Education Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tutt, Kevin

    2014-01-01

    Federal education legislation over the past ten years has increasingly focused on high-stakes testing in the areas of science, technology, English, and math. The resultant decrease in time and funding for the arts has caused administrators to reconsider the role of the arts in education. Although a great deal of literature has been written about…

  19. Art Appreciation Courses in Illinois Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choate, Lenetta K.; Keim, Marybelle C.

    1997-01-01

    Reviews literature on the characteristics of community college art appreciation courses and instructors. Presents findings from a survey of Illinois community colleges regarding the characteristics of art appreciation instructors and the institutions offering such programs and course content and methodology. Reports results and discusses…

  20. 21st century art of human anatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crook, Eleanor; Allen, Rachael; Cooper, Margot; Sulzmann, Catherine; Temple-Cox, Lisa; Hines, Tonya; Lyons, Lucy

    2014-01-01

    The Session looks at the contemporary role of the medical artist with strategies for the education of medical artists and medical students. The wider topic of medical art in forensics, research and literature is explored as a close look taken at European art and science courses and collaborations.

  1. Art and Finance: Fine Art Derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Strati

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This work is intended to introduce a new kind of asset, the so called art asset. This financial tool is an asset whose value is related to an art-work, and in particular to the artist reputation. It will be shown the evaluation of an art asset by using a particular kind of volatility, the α-hedging. This tool normalizes the prices volatility of the art-works of an artist (or an art-movement by a sentiment index referred to the Art Market. At last I shall show how the art assets’ values are related to an art-call option.

  2. Neuronal plasticity: adaptation and readaptation to the environment of space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correia, M. J.

    1998-01-01

    While there have been few documented permanent neurological changes resulting from space travel, there is a growing literature which suggests that neural plasticity sometimes occurs within peripheral and central vestibular pathways during and following spaceflight. This plasticity probably has adaptive value within the context of the space environment, but it can be maladaptive upon return to the terrestrial environment. Fortunately, the maladaptive responses resulting from neuronal plasticity diminish following return to earth. However, the literature suggests that the longer the space travel, the more difficult the readaptation. With the possibility of extended space voyages and extended stays on board the international space station, it seems worthwhile to review examples of plastic vestibular responses and changes in the underlying neural substrates. Studies and facilities needed for space station investigation of plastic changes in the neural substrates are suggested. Copyright 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.

  3. Handbook of Plastic Welding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Islam, Aminul

    The purpose of this document is to summarize the information about the laser welding of plastic. Laser welding is a matured process nevertheless laser welding of micro dimensional plastic parts is still a big challenge. This report collects the latest information about the laser welding of plasti...... as a knowledge handbook for laser welding of plastic components. This document should provide the information for all aspects of plastic laser welding and help the design engineers to take all critical issues into consideration from the very beginning of the design phase....

  4. Synaptic Plasticity and Nociception

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ChenJianguo

    2004-01-01

    Synaptic plasticity is one of the fields that progresses rapidly and has a lot of success in neuroscience. The two major types of synaptie plasticity: long-term potentiation ( LTP and long-term depression (LTD are thought to be the cellular mochanisms of learning and memory. Recently, accumulating evidence suggests that, besides serving as a cellular model for learning and memory, the synaptic plasticity involves in other physiological or pathophysiological processes, such as the perception of pain and the regulation of cardiovascular system. This minireview will focus on the relationship between synaptic plasticity and nociception.

  5. African literature to-day

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Sulzer

    1974-03-01

    Full Text Available Being interested in African literature one seems to swim from the very beginning in a terminological maelstrom. What is African literature? Is it literature written by any African author in any language? That would mean approaching the question from a purely racial basis. It would imply the art of demonstrating that any piece of such literature could infallibly be recognised as African, a thing which, as far as I know has never been done. Or is African literature strictly bound to traditional African culture?

  6. 重症新型甲型H1N1流感患儿合并塑型性支气管炎一例并文献复习%Plastic bronchitis associated with severe influenza A (H1N1) in children: a case report and review of the literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙德军; 杨友生; 王宝春

    2010-01-01

    Objective To improve understanding of the pathological and clinical features,diagnosis and treatment of plastic bronchitis associate with influenza A ( H1N1 ).Methods One case of plastic bronchitis associated with influenza A ( H1N1 ) diagnosed and treated in our hospital in January 2010 was reported and 19 cases of plastic bronchitis reported in the literature were reviewed.Results We describe a 5-year-old Chinese Japanese boy presenting with cough for 2 days,gasping and fever for 1 day was admitted.Left lung atelectasis and pneumothorax were found on chest X-ray examination.Pathologically,plastic bronchitis was diagnosed after the endogenous foreign body was extracted by bronchoscopy and classified as type 1 cast.In addition,influenza A (H1N1) was confirmed by the swabs which showed positive for H1N1 nucleic acid.The condition was controlled and the patient was cured and discharged after 16-days' treatment with antiviral therapy,low-dose corticosteroids,and antibiotics.Conclusion Plastic bronchitis associated with influenza A (H1N1) is a rare life-threatening disorder.The diagnosis could be made based on pathological findings of the bronchial casts as well as the positive H1N1 nucleic acid detection.Bronchoscopic extraction of casts in plastic bronchitis is not only useful for early diagnosis but an effective therapeutic modality for the disease.Influenza A( H1N1 ) may be a cause of plastic bronchitis.%目的 提高对新型甲型H1N1流感(简称甲型流感)合并塑型性支气管炎病理特点、临床特征、诊断、治疗的认识.方法 报道2010年1月厦门大学附属中山医院中心ICU收治的1例甲型流感合并塑型性支气管炎病例并进行相关文献复习.结果 患儿男,5岁,日籍华裔,咳嗽2 d加剧伴气喘,发热1 d,X线胸片示左肺不张、气胸,支气管镜检查吸出条索状异物,病理结果显示为塑型性支气管炎Ⅰ型,咽拭子甲型流感核酸检测阳性,经抗病毒、小量糖皮质激素、

  7. Fifty Years of Innovation in Plastic Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard M Kwasnicki

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundInnovation has molded the current landscape of plastic surgery. However, documentation of this process only exists scattered throughout the literature as individual articles. The few attempts made to profile innovation in plastic surgery have been narrative, and therefore qualitative and inherently biased. Through the implementation of a novel innovation metric, this work aims to identify and characterise the most prevalent innovations in plastic surgery over the last 50 years.MethodsPatents and publications related to plastic surgery (1960 to 2010 were retrieved from patent and MEDLINE databases, respectively. The most active patent codes were identified and grouped into technology areas, which were subsequently plotted graphically against publication data. Expert-derived technologies outside of the top performing patents areas were additionally explored.ResultsBetween 1960 and 2010, 4,651 patents and 43,118 publications related to plastic surgery were identified. The most active patent codes were grouped under reconstructive prostheses, implants, instruments, non-invasive techniques, and tissue engineering. Of these areas and other expert-derived technologies, those currently undergoing growth include surgical instruments, implants, non-invasive practices, transplantation and breast surgery. Innovations related to microvascular surgery, liposuction, tissue engineering, lasers and prostheses have all plateaued.ConclusionsThe application of a novel metric for evaluating innovation quantitatively outlines the natural history of technologies fundamental to the evolution of plastic surgery. Analysis of current innovation trends provides some insight into which technology domains are the most active.

  8. Performative, Arts-Based, or Arts-Informed? Reflections on the Development of Arts-Based Research in Music Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledger, Alison; McCaffrey, Tríona

    2015-01-01

    Arts-based research (ABR) has emerged in music therapy in diverse ways, employing a range of interpretive paradigms and artistic media. It is notable that no consensus exists as to when and where the arts are included in the research process, or which music therapy topics are most suited to arts-based study. This diversity may pose challenges for music therapists who are developing, reading, and evaluating arts-based research. This paper provides an updated review of arts-based research literature in music therapy, along with four questions for researchers who are developing arts-based research. These questions are 1) When should the arts be introduced? 2) Which artistic medium is appropriate? 3) How should the art be understood? and 4) What is the role of the audience? We argue that these questions are key to understanding arts-based research, justifying methods, and evaluating claims arising from arts-based research. Rather than defining arts-based research in music therapy, we suggest that arts-based research should be understood as a flexible research strategy appropriate for exploring the complexities of music therapy practice.

  9. Development of a Prototype Automated Sorting System for Plastic Recycling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. A. Wahab

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Automated sorting for plastic recyclables has been seen as the way forward in the plastic recycling industry. Automated sorting provides significant improvements in terms of efficiency and consistency in the sorting process. In the case of macro sorting, which is the most common type of automated sorting, efficiency is determined by the mechanical details of the material handling system as well as the detection system. This paper provides a review on the state of-the-art technologies that have been deployed by some of the recycling facilities abroad. The design and development of a cost effective prototype automated system for sorting plastic recyclables is proposed and discussed.

  10. External insulation with cellular plastic materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Lars Schiøtt; Nielsen, Anker

    2014-01-01

    External thermal insulation composite systems (ETICS) can be used as extra insulation of existing buildings. The system can be made of cellular plastic materials or mineral wool. There is a European Technical guideline, ETAG 004, that describe the tests that shall be conducted on such systems....... This paper gives a comparison of systems with mineral wool and cellular plastic, based on experience from practice and literature. It is important to look at the details in the system and at long time stability of the properties such as thermal insulation, moisture and fire. Investigation of fire properties...... insulation....

  11. On the Impact and Significance Produced by Criticism of Newspaper about Literature and Art on Xiao Yemu's Fiction in the Initial Stage of Our New Country%建国初期《文艺报》对萧也牧小说批判的影响及其意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王梦湖; 史国良

    2011-01-01

    So soon as it's published,between ourselves husband and wife(1950),a novel written by Xiao Yemu who is a famous contemporary writer,had been well received by the readers of all over country.However,in a short time,it had received a severe criticism by some figures of literary and art circles too.This fiction had experienced two totally different treatments because of not only political situations in the initial stage of the founding of our People's Republic but also the hostile attitude of editorial staffs of newspaper about literature and art.To a degree,we can say it is the editors of this newspaper that launched into an acute criticism on the fiction.By this way,newspaper about literature and art had produced a great impact on not only both the choice of the creative way of literature and art in new China and the construction of new criticism about literature and art but also the discursive method only by which the intellectual's thought during an era are expressed.%当代作家萧也牧的小说《我们夫妇之间》在1950年1月发表后,引起了全国读者的普遍欢迎,但是很快又遭到了文艺界部分人士的严厉批评。这部小说之所以在诞生之初经历了两种完全不同的境遇,其中的原因除了与建国初期特殊的政治环境有关外,主要与《文艺报》及其编辑者对这部小说的态度有关。可以说,是《文艺报》编辑人员组织并发起了针对这部小说的激烈批判。《文艺报》通过对这部小说的批判,深刻地影响了新中国文艺创作道路的选择及新文艺批评方式的建构,并且影响了整整一代知识分子表达思想的话语模式。

  12. Implementing the Spirit of Literature and Art Symposium to Integrate Military Literature Creation Strength:Review on Seminar of “Special Issue on Military Literature”, the 8th Issue of The People’s Literature in 2014%贯彻文艺工作座谈会精神整合军事文学创作力量--《人民文学》2014年第8期“军事文学专号”作品研讨会综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡静平

    2015-01-01

    2014年11月21日,总政宣传部艺术局、解放军军事文学研究中心、《人民文学》杂志社与解放军艺术学院文学系联合主办了《人民文学》2014年第8期“军事文学专号”作品研讨会。总政宣传部艺术局局长姜秀生,中国作协书记处书记阎晶明,《人民文学》杂志社主编施战军、副主编邱华栋,《文艺报》主编梁鸿鹰以及著名作家、评论家周大新、朱秀海、汪守德、张志忠、柳建伟、殷实等来自军内外的20多位专家、学者汇聚一堂。与会专家、学者高度评价了《人民文学》对军事文学的扶持、引领之功,普遍认为《人民文学》适时刊出“军事文学专号”具有重大意义。此外,他们还就军队新锐作家群体的崛起与创新,以及当代军事文学面临的挑战与机遇等方面进行了广泛而深入的研讨,真诚期待军队新锐方阵能够化蛹成蝶走出迷惘,创造我国军事文学辉煌的新生面。%On November 21, 2014, a seminar of “Special Issue on Military Literature”, the 8th issue ofThe People’s Literature, was held jointly by Art Council of the Publicity Department of the General Political Department, the P.L.A. Military Literature Research Center,The People’s Literature magazine, and Literature Department of the P.L.A. Academy of Art. More than twenty experts and scholars gathered in the seminar, including Jiang Xiusheng (director of Art Council of the Publicity Department), Yan Jingming (secretary of Chinese Writers Association Secretariat), Shi Zhanjun (editor-in-chief ofThe People’s Literature magazine), Qiu Huadong (associate editor-in-chief), Liang Hongying (editor-in-chief ofLiterature and Art newspaper), and famous writers and critics like Zhou Daxing, Zhu Xiuhai, Wang Shoude, Zhang Zhizhong, Liu Jianwei and Yin Shi. The participating experts and scholars spoke highly of the support from and lead by The People’s Literature to the military

  13. The Role of Neural Plasticity in Depression: From Hippocampus to Prefrontal Cortex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Zhenxiang

    2017-01-01

    Neural plasticity, a fundamental mechanism of neuronal adaptation, is disrupted in depression. The changes in neural plasticity induced by stress and other negative stimuli play a significant role in the onset and development of depression. Antidepressant treatments have also been found to exert their antidepressant effects through regulatory effects on neural plasticity. However, the detailed mechanisms of neural plasticity in depression still remain unclear. Therefore, in this review, we summarize the recent literature to elaborate the possible mechanistic role of neural plasticity in depression. Taken together, these findings may pave the way for future progress in neural plasticity studies.

  14. Defining Art Appreciation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seabolt, Betty Oliver

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the differences and goals of four areas: (1) art appreciation; (2) art history; (3) art aesthetics; and (4) art criticism. Offers a definition of art appreciation and information on how the view of art appreciation in education has changed over time. (CMK)

  15. Halos of Plastic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Maya Reid

    2012-01-01

    The halos that span South Africa's coastline are anything but angelic. Fanning out around four major urban centers-Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, East London and Durban-they are made up of innumerable bits and pieces of plastic. As a form of pollution, their shelflife is unfathomable. Plastic is essentially chemically inactive. It's designed to never break down.

  16. Biodegradation of plastics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimao, M

    2001-06-01

    Widespread studies on the biodegradation of plastics have been carried out in order to overcome the environmental problems associated with synthetic plastic waste. Recent work has included studies of the distribution of synthetic polymer-degrading microorganisms in the environment, the isolation of new microorganisms for biodegradation, the discovery of new degradation enzymes, and the cloning of genes for synthetic polymer-degrading enzymes.

  17. Art Supply Inventors. Children's Art Diary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szekely, George

    2001-01-01

    Discusses types of art materials that children enjoy using in their artworks. Explores the art materials such as tasty art supplies, such as candy; peeled supplies, such as pencil shavings; sticky art supplies, such as Band-Aids; and fast-food supplies, such as forks and spoons. (CMK)

  18. Art Therapy Teaching as Performance Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Bruce L.

    2012-01-01

    This viewpoint asserts that art therapy education is a form of performance art. By designing class sessions as performance artworks, art therapy educators can help their students become more fully immersed in their studies. This view also can be extended to conceptualizing each semester--and the entire art therapy curriculum--as a complex and…

  19. Art Therapy Teaching as Performance Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Bruce L.

    2012-01-01

    This viewpoint asserts that art therapy education is a form of performance art. By designing class sessions as performance artworks, art therapy educators can help their students become more fully immersed in their studies. This view also can be extended to conceptualizing each semester--and the entire art therapy curriculum--as a complex and…

  20. Global change and the evolution of phenotypic plasticity in plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matesanz, Silvia; Gianoli, Ernesto; Valladares, Fernando

    2010-09-01

    Global change drivers create new environmental scenarios and selective pressures, affecting plant species in various interacting ways. Plants respond with changes in phenology, physiology, and reproduction, with consequences for biotic interactions and community composition. We review information on phenotypic plasticity, a primary means by which plants cope with global change scenarios, recommending promising approaches for investigating the evolution of plasticity and describing constraints to its evolution. We discuss the important but largely ignored role of phenotypic plasticity in range shifts and review the extensive literature on invasive species as models of evolutionary change in novel environments. Plasticity can play a role both in the short-term response of plant populations to global change as well as in their long-term fate through the maintenance of genetic variation. In new environmental conditions, plasticity of certain functional traits may be beneficial (i.e., the plastic response is accompanied by a fitness advantage) and thus selected for. Plasticity can also be relevant in the establishment and persistence of plants in novel environments that are crucial for populations at the colonizing edge in range shifts induced by climate change. Experimental studies show taxonomically widespread plastic responses to global change drivers in many functional traits, though there is a lack of empirical support for many theoretical models on the evolution of phenotypic plasticity. Future studies should assess the adaptive value and evolutionary potential of plasticity under complex, realistic global change scenarios. Promising tools include resurrection protocols and artificial selection experiments. © 2010 New York Academy of Sciences.

  1. DESIGNERS’ KNOWLEDGE IN PLASTICS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Kaare

    2013-01-01

    The Industrial designers’ knowledge in plastics materials and manufacturing principles of polymer products is very important for the innovative strength of the industry, according to a group of Danish plastics manufacturers, design students and practicing industrial designers. These three groups...... answered the first Danish national survey, PD13[1], investigating the importance of industrial designers’ knowledge in plastics and the collaboration between designers and the polymer industry. The plastics industry and the industrial designers collaborate well, but both groups frequently experience...... that the designers’ lack of knowledge concerning polymer materials and manufacturing methods can be problematic or annoying, and design students from most Danish design universities express the need for more contact with the industry and more competencies and tools to handle even simple topics when designing plastic...

  2. Consciousness and neural plasticity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    In contemporary consciousness studies the phenomenon of neural plasticity has received little attention despite the fact that neural plasticity is of still increased interest in neuroscience. We will, however, argue that neural plasticity could be of great importance to consciousness studies....... If consciousness is related to neural processes it seems, at least prima facie, that the ability of the neural structures to change should be reflected in a theory of this relationship "Neural plasticity" refers to the fact that the brain can change due to its own activity. The brain is not static but rather...... the relation between consciousness and brain functions. If consciousness is connected to specific brain structures (as a function or in identity) what happens to consciousness when those specific underlying structures change? It is therefore possible that the understanding and theories of neural plasticity can...

  3. Brazilian Folk Art as a possibility of multicultural teaching of the visual arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Cristina Figueira Bastos de Melo

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The present article establishes an overview of the relationship between culture and the teaching of Art in Brazil, reflecting about multiculturalism in the teaching of Visual Arts through Folk Art. It is based on a literature review, analysis of works of art and their relation to multicultural issues. The study highlights the importance of Folk Art as a source of multicultural studies, as well as the need to deal with these issues within the school environment. There has not been much discussion about the topic, especially regarding Folk Art. The research concludes that it is possible to teach multicultural Art through an approach of the Folk Art, as it enables a better approximation to the learners’ universe and contribute for the development of their critical, reflexive and esthetic abilities.

  4. A Calcium-Dependent Plasticity Rule for HCN Channels Maintains Activity Homeostasis and Stable Synaptic Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honnuraiah, Suraj; Narayanan, Rishikesh

    2013-01-01

    Theoretical and computational frameworks for synaptic plasticity and learning have a long and cherished history, with few parallels within the well-established literature for plasticity of voltage-gated ion channels. In this study, we derive rules for plasticity in the hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels, and assess the synergy between synaptic and HCN channel plasticity in establishing stability during synaptic learning. To do this, we employ a conductance-based model for the hippocampal pyramidal neuron, and incorporate synaptic plasticity through the well-established Bienenstock-Cooper-Munro (BCM)-like rule for synaptic plasticity, wherein the direction and strength of the plasticity is dependent on the concentration of calcium influx. Under this framework, we derive a rule for HCN channel plasticity to establish homeostasis in synaptically-driven firing rate, and incorporate such plasticity into our model. In demonstrating that this rule for HCN channel plasticity helps maintain firing rate homeostasis after bidirectional synaptic plasticity, we observe a linear relationship between synaptic plasticity and HCN channel plasticity for maintaining firing rate homeostasis. Motivated by this linear relationship, we derive a calcium-dependent rule for HCN-channel plasticity, and demonstrate that firing rate homeostasis is maintained in the face of synaptic plasticity when moderate and high levels of cytosolic calcium influx induced depression and potentiation of the HCN-channel conductance, respectively. Additionally, we show that such synergy between synaptic and HCN-channel plasticity enhances the stability of synaptic learning through metaplasticity in the BCM-like synaptic plasticity profile. Finally, we demonstrate that the synergistic interaction between synaptic and HCN-channel plasticity preserves robustness of information transfer across the neuron under a rate-coding schema. Our results establish specific physiological roles

  5. ARTE CUBANO. Papel del Arte Cubano dentro del Proyecto Expositivo en Valencia, (1993/2013).

    OpenAIRE

    DUVERGER CHARÓN, ARQUÍMIDES

    2016-01-01

    [EN] TRADUCCIÓN AL INGLÉS I. SUMMARY This is a research project focused on the study of Cuban Art in Valencia. Is a didactic and chronological collection about the artistic work of Cuban plastic artists in the exhibition project in Valencia in the years ranging from 1993 to 2013, beginning the study for an approach to education and the promotion of fine arts in Cuba. The tour begins with a descriptive analysis of the teaching of art in Cuba, the period of 1975-1988, its premises,...

  6. Reduction Mammoplasty: A Comparison Between Operations Performed by Plastic Surgery and General Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Kordahi, Anthony M.; Hoppe, Ian C.; Lee, Edward S.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Reduction mammoplasty is an often-performed procedure by plastic surgeons and increasingly by general surgeons. The question has been posed in both general surgical literature and plastic surgical literature as to whether this procedure should remain the domain of surgical specialists. Some general surgeons are trained in breast reductions, whereas all plastic surgeons receive training in this procedure. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Project provides a unique opportuni...

  7. Towards art content in original graphic arts

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Contemporary Graphic art defines numerous graphic art techniques; from classical original graphic art techniques to the new media techniques. The new media reproduction and communication capacity influences contemporary art works in such way that more attention is on non-artistic content, while artistic content with its visual efficiency becomes less important. Reproductibility is one of the non-artistic contents which plays a key role in original graphic arts, where it is a means of making o...

  8. The correct use of the ART approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frencken, Jo E; Leal, Soraya Coelho

    2010-01-01

    Confusion exists amongst dentists and scientists about the correct use of the caries management approach termed atraumatic restorative treatment (ART). Inconsistent use of the original definition of ART and suggested modifications (mART) have led to misunderstanding, misconception and miscommunication in the dental literature over the last decade. The aim of this paper is to contribute to a uniform understanding and use of the term ART. Adherence to its original description is suggested and two major aspects were addressed: the use of hand instruments only and the use of adhesive materials and systems.

  9. Revisión bibliográfica de los artículos publicados de cirugía bucal en el año 2005 Literature review of oral surgery articles published in 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Larrazábal Morón

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. El objetivo de este trabajo es revisar los artículos de cirugía oral publicados en el año 2005. Material y método. Tres revisores han realizado una búsqueda en las revistas indexadas en Medline, clasificando los artículos de acuerdo a diferentes temas. Los criterios de búsqueda fueron: artículos de especial interés publicados en revistas de impacto nacional e internacional, que actualizaran cualquiera de los temas señalados. Resultados. Los artículos más interesantes sobre cirugía bucal publicados en el año 2005 son: 11 artículos sobre quistes, 35 de tumores de los maxilares y tejidos blandos, 4 de infecciones de los maxilares, 11 de cirugía periapical, 15 de patología del tercer molar, 5 de inclusiones dentarias, 11 de transplantes y reimplantes dentarios, 5 de fármacos y 3 artículos de otros temas. Conclusión. Aportar a otros investigadores una rápida identificación de los artículos más importantes de cirugía bucal publicados en el año 2005.Introduction. Oral surgery articles published in 2005 were reviewed. Material and method. Three reviewers searched journals indexed in Medline and classified the articles by topic. The search criteria were: articles of special interest, published in national and international impact journals, that updated any of the topics selected. Results. The most interesting articles on oral surgery published in 2005 were: 11 articles on cysts, 35 on jaw and soft tissues tumors, 4 jaw infections, 11 periapical surgery, 15 third molar pathology, 5 dental impaction, 11 dental transplantation and reimplantation, 5 drugs, and 3 articles on other topics. Conclusion. The authors offer other researchers a quick overview of the most important articles in oral surgery published in 2005.

  10. Connection Making between the Sister Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golden, Catherine

    A literature course entitled "The Victorian Illustrated Book: A Marriage of Image and Word," offered at Skidmore College in New York, was designed to help students make connections between art and literature. Based on the premise that illustrations in Victorian books can be "decoded" much like a written text, students were…

  11. The "State of Art" of Organisational Blogging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baxter, Gavin J.; Connolly, Thomas M.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the "state of art" of organisational blogging. It also aims to provide a critical review of the literature on organisational blogging and propose recommendations on how to advance the subject area in terms of academic research. Design/methodology/approach: A systematic literature review…

  12. Equity, the Arts, and Urban Education: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraehe, Amelia M.; Acuff, Joni B.; Travis, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    This review examines empirical studies of educational equity in and through the arts with broad implications for urban education. It extends the literature by (a) describing the interrelated spaces of urban education and the arts, (b) integrating knowledge of arts education across formal and informal learning environments, and (c) examining the…

  13. Creative Art Therapy Groups: A Treatment Modality for Psychiatric Outpatients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drapeau, Marie-Celine; Kronish, Neomi

    2007-01-01

    This brief report examines the benefits of a creative art therapy group program for outpatients suffering from psychiatric disorders. Included is a review of relevant treatment outcomes literature on the effectiveness of group art therapy. The authors describe the Creative Art Therapy Group Program offered to adult psychiatric outpatients that is…

  14. LANGUAGE AS ART, ART AS LANGUAGE: TERMINOLOGICAL AND CONCEPTUAL TRANSFERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir V. Feshchenko

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes terminological complexes where the concepts of “language” and “art” act as components and thus convey particular ideas of language (“visions of language” in terms of art, and, vice versa, visions of art in terms of language. We address a number of contexts from the history of linguistics and aesthetics, where the concepts of “language” and “art” act as operators in various combinations according to particular conceptions. In Antiquity and the Middle Ages, language did not relate to categories of art, apart from the contexts of the art of eloquency (rhetorics; the concepts of techne and ars had only to do with grammatical art. The idea of creativity, expressed in the concepts of poiesis and creatio, for its part, did not go beyond the theory of literary genres (lyric, drama, epic and in Medieval aethetics beyond theological visions of divine creation. The concept of language began to play an active part starting from German Romanticism, which introduced the formula Sprache der Kunst. Later on in literature studies, this expression transformed into the idea of “language as creativity” and “language as art” (in Neohumboldtianism and, in Avant-Garde poetics, language became the carrier of synesthesia. The formalist notion of “poetic language”, being itself an offspring of avant-garde literary experiments, underwent a transfer to the field of arts and transformed into semiotical notions of “languages of art” and “art as language”. Finally, the linguistic turn of the early 20th century provided for the tranfer of “language-art” terminological complex into the area of artistic activism. Conceptual art based its principles on language games and linguistic premises. 

  15. Martial arts as sport and therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, D T; Al-Adawi, S; Lee, Y T; Audette, J

    2007-03-01

    The term Martial Arts is often used as general phrase to describe many of the combat arts, which have developed in eastern cultures over the past millennium. This paper reviews the Martial Arts from the original context of a trio of life skills. This trio includes the healing arts such as acupuncture, the self-exploration arts such as yoga, and the vital life skills such as meditation. As Martial Arts suggests the waging of combat, the origins of the most common combat arts are reviewed, with an overview of the difference between the hard and the soft styles. The arts developed not only in the eastern, but also in all parts of the world, with references of these types of combats arts in the writings of the ancient Egyptians and Greeks. In modern times, the combat arts are performed for both exercise and sport. A review of the injuries that occur, and the health benefits that might be expected are discussed. A review of the medical literature that demonstrates some of these health benefits is included, with Tai Chi Chuan as the most studied of these. The health benefits discussed include strengthen and self-efficacy of the elderly, reduced falls, increased exercise capacity, and benefits to the immune system and autonomic nervous system. The paper emphasized the breadth of the Martial Arts and the import of these to the sports and health community.

  16. Literature,Nationalism and Cultural Leadership---The “National Form”Debate on Literature and Art from Perspective of Political Culture%文学、民族主义与文化领导权--政治文化视阈中文学的“民族形式”问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕海

    2015-01-01

    “民族形式”是在抗日战争特殊形势下耦合而成的一个概念,以往学界往往将其与文学的“大众化”、“民族化”问题联系在一起。实际上,“民族形式”问题具有自己的意识形态背景和理论谱系,是毛泽东等共产党人在“民族主义”思潮兴起的背景下,为应对党外和党内的理论对手,获取文化领导权而提出的,是马克思主义者对晚清以来逐渐形成的中国社会民族主义正义伦理的合理发挥和有效利用。文艺的“民族形式”论争运动成为延安左翼思想界重新整合民族主义文化资源的重要途径,为建立新的国家政权提供了文化意识形态储备。%“National form”was a concept formed in the unique situation during Anti-Japanese War.The academia usually connected it with literary issues such as “popularization”,“nationalization”.In fact,the issue of “national form”has its own i-deological background and theoretical system.It was a cultural campaign launched by Mao Zedong and other members of the Communist Party of China (CPC)to compete against rivals on theory both in and outside CPC and gain cultural leadership un-der the background of the emerging ideological trend of nationalism.It was a reasonable development and effective utilization of the righteous ethic of the Chinese society by Marxists formed gradually since the late Qing Dynasty.The “national form”debate and campaign on literature and art became an important way for Marxists in Yan’an then to reintegrate national cultural re-sources,and provided a cultural ideology for establishing new state power.

  17. 论20世纪30年代国民党的文艺政策--不以文化“围剿”为视角%An Inquiry into Kuomintang’s Policy of Literature and Art in the 1930s---Not with the Perspective of Cultural Encirclement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢毅

    2014-01-01

    Facing the impact of the left-wing literature,Kuomintang lauched literature and art policy of Three People’s Principles in 1929.However,the policy failed owing to poor theories and organization,in conjunction with boycott of left-wing writers and liberal scholars.In 1930,to coordinate with the faction between Chiang Kai-shek and Hu han-min,and fighting for the control power with the propaganda department controlled by western hill conference faction,organizational department controlled by Central Club slammed left-wing literature while preaching fascism under the banner of nationalist literature and art.The movement of nationalist literature and art had huge influence at birth.However,it suffered grave setbacks owing to lax organization and continuing internal conflicts.Promoting by propaganda meeting for literature and art in 1934,coordinating with the adjustment of propaganda strategy,the movement of nationalist literature and art rallied gradually.Its recovery and revival stimulated the direction changing of left-wing literary circles somehow and prepared for the rise of anti-Japanese war litera-ture.However,its strong courtliness has been criticised by people.%1929年,面对左翼文学的冲击,国民党推出了三民主义文艺政策。但因为理论贫乏、组织不力,不久便在左翼作家和自由派文人的抵制下败下阵来。1930年,为配合蒋介石与胡汉民之党争,同时也旨在与西山会议派控制的中央宣传部争夺话语权,CC派把持的中央组织部又揭%了民族主义文艺旗号,一方面抨击左翼文学,一方面鼓吹法西斯主义。民族主义文艺运动在发起之初一度颇具声势,然因自身组织涣散和持续内讧,亦很快遭遇重挫。在1934年文艺宣传会议的推动下,兼之宣传策略的调整,民族主义文艺运动逐渐重振旗鼓。其复苏与再起,对左翼文坛的转向或不无刺激,同时也为抗战文学的兴起做了一定铺垫,但

  18. The arts of desistance: assessing the role of arts-based programmes in reducing reoffending

    OpenAIRE

    Cheliotis, L.K.; Jordanoska, A.

    2016-01-01

    This article offers a critical review of the empirical research literature on the 'secondary' or 'soft' contributions arts-based programmes may make to the process of desistance from crime. We begin by focusing on evaluations of arts-based programmes run by practitioners inside prisons, and then proceed to address the effects of arts-based prison programmes after participants' release into the community; a theme that has received very limited research attention to date, and even less attentio...

  19. The Rough Journey into Arts Entrepreneurship: Why Arts Entrepreneurship Education Is Still in Its Infancy in the UK and Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thom, Marco

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to elucidate the current state of arts entrepreneurship education at higher educational institutions (HEIs) by reviewing the relevant literature and surveying lecturers in Fine Art. Design/methodology/approach: The analysis of fine art students' educational situation at HEIs in the UK and Germany is conducted…

  20. Materials on Creative Arts (Arts, Crafts, Dance, Drama, Music, Bibliotherapy) for Persons with Handicapping Conditions. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC. Information and Research Utilization Center.

    Intended as a resource guide for persons who include such subjects as arts, crafts, dance, and music in programs for the handicapped, resources are listed for printed materials, audiovisual materials, resource persons and organizations, and material and equipment suppliers. Brief literature reviews sum up the state of the art in the specific art…

  1. Brominated flame retardant emissions from the open burning of five plastic wastes and implications for environmental exposure in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Hong-Gang; Lu, Shao-You; Mo, Ting; Zeng, Hui

    2016-07-01

    Based on the most widely used plastics in China, five plastic wastes were selected for investigation of brominated flame retardant (BFR) emission behaviors during open burning. Considerable variations were observed in the emission factors (EF) of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs) from the combustion of different plastic wastes. Distribution of BFR output mass showed that ΣPBDE was emitted mainly by the airborne particle (51%), followed by residual ash (44%) and the gas phase (5.1%); these values for ΣHBCD were 62%, 24%, and 14%, respectively. A lack of mass balance after the burning of the plastic wastes for some congeners (output/input mass ratios>1) suggested that formation and survival exceeded PBDE decomposition during the burns. However, that was not the case for HBCD. A comparison with literature data showed that the open burning of plastic waste is major source of PBDE compared to regulated combustion activities. Even for state-of-the-art waste incinerators equipped with sophisticated complex air pollution control technologies, BFRs are released on a small scale to the environment. According to our estimate, ΣPBDE release to the air and land from municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration plants in China in 2015 were 105 kg/year and 7124 kg/year. These data for ΣHBCD were 25.5 and 71.7 kg/year, respectively. Considering the fact that a growing number of cities in China are switching to incineration as the preferred method for MSW treatment, our estimate is especially important. This study provides the first data on the environmental exposure of BFRs emitted from MSW incineration in China.

  2. Informative document waste plastics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nagelhout D; Sein AA; Duvoort GL

    1989-01-01

    This "Informative document waste plastics" forms part of a series of "informative documents waste materials". These documents are conducted by RIVM on the indstruction of the Directorate General for the Environment, Waste Materials Directorate, in behalf of the program of

  3. A Plastic Menagerie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadley, Mary Jane

    2010-01-01

    Bobble heads had become quite popular, depicting all sorts of sports figures, animals, and even presidents. In this article, the author describes how her fourth graders made bobble head sculptures out of empty plastic drink bottles. (Contains 1 online resource.)

  4. Cortical plasticity and rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moucha, Raluca; Kilgard, Michael P

    2006-01-01

    The brain is constantly adapting to environmental and endogenous changes (including injury) that occur at every stage of life. The mechanisms that regulate neural plasticity have been refined over millions of years. Motivation and sensory experience directly shape the rewiring that makes learning and neurological recovery possible. Guiding neural reorganization in a manner that facilitates recovery of function is a primary goal of neurological rehabilitation. As the rules that govern neural plasticity become better understood, it will be possible to manipulate the sensory and motor experience of patients to induce specific forms of plasticity. This review summarizes our current knowledge regarding factors that regulate cortical plasticity, illustrates specific forms of reorganization induced by control of each factor, and suggests how to exploit these factors for clinical benefit.

  5. Mechanical plasticity of cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonakdar, Navid; Gerum, Richard; Kuhn, Michael; Spörrer, Marina; Lippert, Anna; Schneider, Werner; Aifantis, Katerina E.; Fabry, Ben

    2016-10-01

    Under mechanical loading, most living cells show a viscoelastic deformation that follows a power law in time. After removal of the mechanical load, the cell shape recovers only incompletely to its original undeformed configuration. Here, we show that incomplete shape recovery is due to an additive plastic deformation that displays the same power-law dynamics as the fully reversible viscoelastic deformation response. Moreover, the plastic deformation is a constant fraction of the total cell deformation and originates from bond ruptures within the cytoskeleton. A simple extension of the prevailing viscoelastic power-law response theory with a plastic element correctly predicts the cell behaviour under cyclic loading. Our findings show that plastic energy dissipation during cell deformation is tightly linked to elastic cytoskeletal stresses, which suggests the existence of an adaptive mechanism that protects the cell against mechanical damage.

  6. Targeting tumour Cell Plasticity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Elizabeth D. WILLIAMS

    2009-01-01

    @@ Her research is focused on understanding the mechanisms of tumour progression and metastasis, particularly in uro-logical carcinomas (bladder and prostate). Tumour cell plasticity, including epithelial-mesenchymal transition, is a cen-tral theme in Dr Williams' work.

  7. COMMON GROUNDS BETWEEN PRINTMAKING AND STREET ART

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burcak Balamber

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Graffiti movement, born as a result of an effort of the youth, who felt themselves socially excluded and alone, to show their existence and identities during the 1960s, expanded its scope owing to street based artists such as Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat entering to the galleries, and transformed into an artistic manner of expression having aesthetic concerns by adopting a more inclusive definition ‘street art’. During this transformation of street art,street artists experimented with various methods from many different disciplines and hence created works in a wide range of varieties in terms of plastic and artistic values. Among these disciplines, printmakinghastaken its own place in street artas a discipline thatdeeply influenced street artists.Printmaking has fascinated street artists and become a part of their production process, not only with its philosophy sharing common grounds with street art and advantages in terms of its tecnical practices but also its unique plastic and linear values.Thanks to the opportunities of printmaking, street art has succeeded creating a tremendous impression worldwide, and even positioned itself into today’s greatest museums/gallery halls. This article aims to show how and in what way printmaking has influenced street art being in a transformation since the 1960s, and to put an emphasis on theimportance of printmaking on today’s street art.

  8. Laser cutting plastic materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Cleave, R.A.

    1980-08-01

    A 1000-watt CO/sub 2/ laser has been demonstrated as a reliable production machine tool for cutting of plastics, high strength reinforced composites, and other nonmetals. More than 40 different plastics have been laser cut, and the results are tabulated. Applications for laser cutting described include fiberglass-reinforced laminates, Kevlar/epoxy composites, fiberglass-reinforced phenolics, nylon/epoxy laminates, ceramics, and disposable tooling made from acrylic.

  9. Localization of plastic deformation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rice, J R

    1976-04-01

    The localization of plastic deformation into a shear band is discussed as an instability of plastic flow and a precursor to rupture. Experimental observations are reviewed, a general theoretical framework is presented, and specific calculations of critical conditions are carried out for a variety of material models. The interplay between features of inelastic constitutive description, especially deviations from normality and vertex-like yielding, and the onset of localization is emphasized.

  10. Development of plastic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pećanac Marija Đ.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Plastic surgery is a medical specialty dealing with corrections of defects, improvements in appearance and restoration of lost function. Ancient Times. The first recorded account of reconstructive plastic surgery was found in ancient Indian Sanskrit texts, which described reconstructive surgeries of the nose and ears. In ancient Greece and Rome, many medicine men performed simple plastic cosmetic surgeries to repair damaged parts of the body caused by war mutilation, punishment or humiliation. In the Middle Ages, the development of all medical braches, including plastic surgery was hindered. New age. The interest in surgical reconstruction of mutilated body parts was renewed in the XVIII century by a great number of enthusiastic and charismatic surgeons, who mastered surgical disciplines and became true artists that created new forms. Modern Era. In the XX century, plastic surgery developed as a modern branch in medicine including many types of reconstructive surgery, hand, head and neck surgery, microsurgery and replantation, treatment of burns and their sequelae, and esthetic surgery. Contemporary and future plastic surgery will continue to evolve and improve with regenerative medicine and tissue engineering resulting in a lot of benefits to be gained by patients in reconstruction after body trauma, oncology amputation, and for congenital disfigurement and dysfunction.

  11. Sorting Plastic Waste in Hydrocyclone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernestas Šutinys

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The article presents material about sorting plastic waste in hydrocyclone. The tests on sorting plastic waste were carried out. Also, the findings received from the performed experiment on the technology of sorting plastic waste are interpreted applying an experimental model of the equipment used for sorting plastics of different density.Article in Lithuanian

  12. Brain Plasticity and the Art of Teaching to Learn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Margaret

    2005-01-01

    "Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no one thinks of changing himself, "wrote Leo Tolstoy. Have you ever thought about how learning changes your brain? If yes, this paper may help you explore the research that will change our learning landscape in the next few years! Recent developers in the neurosciences and education research…

  13. National ART Success Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ART and Birth Defects ART and Autism 2013 Assisted Reproductive Technology National Summary Report Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... live-birth rate? [PDF - 1.37MB] Section 2: ART Cycles using fresh nondonor eggs or embryos What ...

  14. The art of discovery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susie J. Lee

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available "The Art of Discovery" discusses an ambitious educational program taught by the artist which incorporated locative media, contemporary art, site specificity, and creative work as a proposal for the integration of art, technology and science.

  15. Recent advances in high performance poly(lactide): From ``green'' plasticization to super-tough materials via (reactive) compounding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kfoury, Georgio; Raquez, Jean-Marie; Hassouna, Fatima; Odent, Jérémy; Toniazzo, Valérie; Ruch, David; Dubois, Philippe

    2013-12-01

    Due to its origin from renewable resources, its biodegradability, and recently, its industrial implementation at low costs, poly(lactide) (PLA) is considered as one of the most promising ecological, bio-sourced and biodegradable plastic materials to potentially and increasingly replace traditional petroleum derived polymers in many commodity and engineering applications. Beside its relatively high rigidity (high tensile strength and modulus compared with many common thermoplastics such as poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), high impact poly(styrene) (HIPS) and poly(propylene) (PP)), PLA suffers from an inherent brittleness, which can limit its applications especially where mechanical toughness such as plastic deformation at high impact rates or elongation is required. Therefore, the curve plotting stiffness vs. impact resistance and ductility must be shifted to higher values for PLA-based materials, while being preferably fully bio-based and biodegradable upon the application. This review aims to establish a state of the art focused on the recent progresses and preferably economically viable strategies developed in the literature for significantly improve the mechanical performances of PLA. A particular attention is given to plasticization as well as to impact resistance modification of PLA in the case of (reactive) blending PLA-based systems.

  16. Recent advances in high performance poly(lactide): from "green" plasticization to super-tough materials via (reactive) compounding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kfoury, Georgio; Raquez, Jean-Marie; Hassouna, Fatima; Odent, Jérémy; Toniazzo, Valérie; Ruch, David; Dubois, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    Due to its origin from renewable resources, its biodegradability, and recently, its industrial implementation at low costs, poly(lactide) (PLA) is considered as one of the most promising ecological, bio-sourced and biodegradable plastic materials to potentially and increasingly replace traditional petroleum derived polymers in many commodity and engineering applications. Beside its relatively high rigidity [high tensile strength and modulus compared with many common thermoplastics such as poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), high impact poly(styrene) (HIPS) and poly(propylene) (PP)], PLA suffers from an inherent brittleness, which can limit its applications especially where mechanical toughness such as plastic deformation at high impact rates or elongation is required. Therefore, the curve plotting stiffness vs. impact resistance and ductility must be shifted to higher values for PLA-based materials, while being preferably fully bio-based and biodegradable upon the application. This review aims to establish a state of the art focused on the recent progresses and preferably economically viable strategies developed in the literature for significantly improve the mechanical performances of PLA. A particular attention is given to plasticization as well as to impact resistance modification of PLA in the case of (reactive) blending PLA-based systems.

  17. Recent advances in high performance poly(lactide: From green plasticization to super-tough materials via (reactive compounding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgio eKfoury

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Due to its origin from renewable resources, its biodegradability, and recently, its industrial implementation at low costs, poly(lactide (PLA is considered as one of the most promising ecological, bio-sourced and biodegradable plastic materials to potentially and increasingly replace traditional petroleum derived polymers in many commodity and engineering applications. Beside its relatively high rigidity (high tensile strength and modulus compared with many common thermoplastics such as poly(ethylene terephthalate (PET, high impact poly(styrene (HIPS and poly(propylene (PP, PLA suffers from an inherent brittleness, which can limit its applications especially where mechanical toughness such as plastic deformation at high impact rates or elongation is required. Therefore, the curve plotting stiffness vs. impact resistance and ductility must be shifted to higher values for PLA-based materials, while being preferably fully bio-based and biodegradable upon the application.This review aims to establish a state of the art focused on the recent progresses and preferably economically viable strategies developed in the literature for significantly improve the mechanical performances of PLA. A particular attention is given to plasticization as well as to impact resistance modification of PLA in the case of (reactive blending PLA-based systems.

  18. Applying the concepts of innovation strategies to plastic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yirong; Kotsis, Sandra V; Chung, Kevin C

    2013-08-01

    Plastic surgery has a well-known history of innovative procedures and products. However, with the rise in competition, such as aesthetic procedures being performed by other medical specialties, there is a need for continued innovation in plastic surgery to create novel treatments to advance this specialty. Although many articles introduce innovative technologies and procedures, there is a paucity of publications to highlight the application of principles of innovation in plastic surgery. The authors review the literature regarding business strategies for innovation. The authors evaluate concepts of innovation, process of innovation (i.e., idea generation, idea evaluation, idea conversion, idea diffusion, and adoption), ethical issues, and application to plastic surgery. Adopting a business model of innovation is helpful for promoting a new paradigm of progress to propel plastic surgery to new avenues of creativity.

  19. The Liberal Arts and the Martial Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Donald N.

    1984-01-01

    Liberal arts and the martial arts are compared from the perspective that courses of training in the martial arts often constitute exemplary educational programs and are worth examining closely. Program characteristics, individual characteristics fostered by them, the relationship between liberal and utilitarian learning, and the moral…

  20. The Liberal Arts and the Martial Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Donald N.

    1984-01-01

    Liberal arts and the martial arts are compared from the perspective that courses of training in the martial arts often constitute exemplary educational programs and are worth examining closely. Program characteristics, individual characteristics fostered by them, the relationship between liberal and utilitarian learning, and the moral…

  1. Teaching Art with Art: Grotesque Visions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, Guy

    2001-01-01

    Discusses a type of visual art called grotesque art and includes four different examples of grotesque art: (1) the painting "Head of Medusa" by Peter Paul Rubens; (2) Rangda, the widow witch from Bali (Indonesia); (3) totem poles; and (4) grotesque sculptures from the Cathedral of Notre Dame (Paris, France). (CMK)

  2. The origin of the inferior phrenic artery: a study in 32 South Indian cadavers with a review of the literature Origem da artéria frênica inferior: estudo em 32 cadáveres da Índia do Sul com revisão da literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thejodhar Pulakunta

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Considering the paucity of information presently available concerning inferior phrenic arteries, a more definitive study seemed appropriate and necessary, both for its potential clinical applications and to provide additional data to contemporary anatomical literature. OBJECTIVE: Most anatomical textbooks of gross anatomy offer very little information concerning the anatomy and distribution of the inferior phrenic artery (IPA. For that reason, the origin of the IPA has been studied and the available literature has been reviewed. METHODS: Thirty-two human adult cadavers preserved in formalin obtained from the departments of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal and Mangalore were dissected and the origin of the IPA was studied. RESULTS: The IPA had its usual origin from the abdominal aorta in 28 cases but in the remaining four cases, two were arising from the celiac trunk, one from the left gastric artery and one from the right renal artery. CONCLUSION: The IPA usually originates from the aorta or celiac artery, and less frequently from the renal, hepatic or left gastric arteries. The IPA is a major source of collateral or parasitized arterial supply to hepatocellular carcinoma, second only to the hepatic artery. Literature on the IPA origin and clinical implications of variation in its origin have been reviewed in this article.CONTEXTO: Considerando a escassez de informações atualmente disponíveis sobre artérias frênicas inferiores, umestudo mais definitivo nos pareceu apropriado e necessário, tanto por suas potenciais aplicações clínicas quanto para fornecer dados adicionais à literatura anatômica contemporânea. OBJETIVO: A maioria dos livros-texto de anatomia oferece muito poucas informações referentes à anatomia e distribuição da artéria frênica inferior (AFI. Por este motivo, a origem da AFI foi investigada e a literatura disponível foi revisada. MÉTODOS: Trinta e dois cadáveres humanos adultos

  3. Comparison Research on the Chinese Traditional Art Style and Western Country's Abstract Art Style: A Theoretical Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaohui He

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we conduct literature review and research on the Chinese traditional art style and western country' s abstract art style. Modernism art forms from concrete to abstract is a process of constant evolution, it is to find new pictures to present, to get rid of the bondage of traditional art concept to go on process. Any forward art could not avoid broke away from the traditional thinking, in the process of the old ideas and new concepts of conflict is inevitable. Therefore, corresponding research is urgent needed. The comparison result proves the intuition that both traditional Chinese culture and western culture based art design have their own spark points.

  4. Spikes Synchronization in Neural Networks with Synaptic Plasticity

    CERN Document Server

    Borges, Rafael R; Batista, Antonio M; Caldas, Iberê L; Borges, Fernando S; Lameu, Ewandson L

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we investigated the neural spikes synchronisation in a neural network with synaptic plasticity and external perturbation. In the simulations the neural dynamics is described by the Hodgkin Huxley model considering chemical synapses (excitatory) among neurons. According to neural spikes synchronisation is expected that a perturbation produce non synchronised regimes. However, in the literature there are works showing that the combination of synaptic plasticity and external perturbation may generate synchronised regime. This article describes the effect of the synaptic plasticity on the synchronisation, where we consider a perturbation with a uniform distribution. This study is relevant to researches of neural disorders control.

  5. Psychopathological Art and the Use of Art in Psychiatric Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latife UTAŞ AKHAN

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The human being has to socialize once he is born as an individual and is under the influence of the environment, and the ethical, esthetic and moral values since his childhood. The thoughts, wants and wishes of the individual that conflict with the environmental order and values are repressed outside the consciousness. The repressed feelings and thoughts are converted into symbols in the form of visual images outside the consciousness. Unformed symbols provide the purest hint regarding the internal conflicts causing mental disorders. There is regression in verbal expression in some psychiatric disorders and especially in psychosis. Symptoms specific for the abstract thoughts and verbal language pathology appear. Visual language as graphic language may become the single way of communication in such instances. This constitutes the rationale and main principle of “Diagnosis and Treatment by Art'' in the psychiatric field. The three-function method of spontaneous psychopathological art enables the use of art in individuals with a psychiatric disorder. This is the projection of the complexes and conflicts that are subconscious or outside consciousness with spontaneous images as graphic and plastic expressions and enables making a diagnosis. The second function of psychopathological art is to monitor the disease progress. A series of artistic work enable the step by step monitoring of the disorder's progress. Pathological changes can be reflected in the works of art even before the clinical symptoms of the disorder appear. The third function is enabling treatment. The individual who has severed connections with the environment is in a chaotic word. During the time the psychopathological art method is used, the patients start to see the artistic work as a mirror where they find and watch themselves and their behaviors. When the artistic endeavor of patients with a mental disorder does not take place under suitable control, it becomes a tool that

  6. Cloud-Based Applications for Organizing and Reviewing Plastic Surgery Content.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luan, Anna; Momeni, Arash; Lee, Gordon K; Galvez, Michael G

    2015-01-01

    Cloud-based applications including Box, Dropbox, Google Drive, Evernote, Notability, and Zotero are available for smartphones, tablets, and laptops and have revolutionized the manner in which medical students and surgeons read and utilize plastic surgery literature. Here we provide an overview of the use of Cloud computing in practice and propose an algorithm for organizing the vast amount of plastic surgery literature. Given the incredible amount of data being produced in plastic surgery and other surgical subspecialties, it is prudent for plastic surgeons to lead the process of providing solutions for the efficient organization and effective integration of the ever-increasing data into clinical practice.

  7. CONTEMPORARYFOREIGN LITERATURE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lawrence Bue; Marshall Brown; Alfred Hornung; James Phelan; Elizabeth Schultz; David Attwell

    2011-01-01

    Contemporary Foreign Literature ( CFL,CN32-1087/I,ISSN 1001-1757 ),originated in 1980,is a journal of articles and reviews on contemporary literature except that of China.Peer-reviewed and published quarterly,in January,April,July and October,by the Institute of Foreign Literature,Nanjing University and the Yilin Press,CFL is indexed in the Chinese Social Sciences Citation Index (CSSCI).

  8. Literature and Art Prosperity in Guilin during Anti-Japanese War Times and Its Effection%桂林抗战文艺的繁盛景观及其效应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建平

    2012-01-01

    During the Anti-Japanese War time, lots of patriotic artists withdrew to the southwestern rear area from enemy-occupied area. Therefore, Guilin became one of the cultural centers in the rear area during the war time. In war times arts took a scene of prosperity. Intellectuals gathered and produced abundant works; activities frequently and publishing thriving. The thriving of arts in war times bring Guilin the good fame of Cultural City.%抗日战争时期,大批爱国救亡艺术家由沦陷区撤到西南大后方,使桂林成为大后方抗战文化活动中心之一,出现了文人荟萃、艺术繁荣、作品丰硕、出版兴盛、艺术活动频繁的繁盛景观。桂林抗战文艺的繁盛,促成了桂林"文化城"的美誉。

  9. The art of nursing: an aesthetics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Raeve, L

    1998-09-01

    This article explores the question of whether or not the 'art' of nursing can properly be described as an 'aesthetics'. The author concludes that, although much nursing literature on the subject is confused and even incoherent, there is nevertheless some justification for seeing a connection between the art of nursing and aesthetics. The philosophical writings of Martha Nussbaum and Iris Murdoch are used to support this position.

  10. Case studies of soil in art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feller, C.; Landa, E. R.; Toland, A.; Wessolek, G.

    2015-08-01

    The material and symbolic appropriations of soil in artworks are numerous and diverse, spanning many centuries and artistic traditions, from prehistoric painting and ceramics to early Renaissance works in Western literature, poetry, paintings, and sculpture, to recent developments in film, architecture, and contemporary art. Case studies focused on painting, installation, and film are presented with the view of encouraging further exploration of art about, in, and with soil as a contribution to raising soil awareness.

  11. Phenotypic Plasticity and Selection: Nonexclusive Mechanisms of Adaptation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grenier, S; Barre, P; Litrico, I

    2016-01-01

    Selection and plasticity are two mechanisms that allow the adaptation of a population to a changing environment. Interaction between these nonexclusive mechanisms must be considered if we are to understand population survival. This review discusses the ways in which plasticity and selection can interact, based on a review of the literature on selection and phenotypic plasticity in the evolution of populations. The link between selection and phenotypic plasticity is analysed at the level of the individual. Plasticity can affect an individual's response to selection and so may modify the end result of genetic diversity evolution at population level. Genetic diversity increases the ability of populations or communities to adapt to new environmental conditions. Adaptive plasticity increases individual fitness. However this effect must be viewed from the perspective of the costs of plasticity, although these are not easy to estimate. It is becoming necessary to engage in new experimental research to demonstrate the combined effects of selection and plasticity for adaptation and their consequences on the evolution of genetic diversity.

  12. Art and Religion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shusterman, Richard

    2008-01-01

    Since the nineteenth century's interest in "art for art's sake," many thinkers have argued that art would supplant traditional religion as the spiritual locus of the increasingly secular society of Western modernity. If art can capture the sort of spirituality, idealism, and expressive community of traditional religions but without being ensnared…

  13. When Art & Finance Collide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Fine art and big finance are proving a profitable combination in China but questions of authenticity need to be addressed CHINA’S art market is on fire.As sales and prices break records,a new force has appeared in the market - organized art finance in the form of art trust funds and artwork exchanges.

  14. Taking the Arts Seriously

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    what makes art special in an anthropologic and evolutionary biologic point of view. Cases on the emerging field of arts-in-business in Denmark.......what makes art special in an anthropologic and evolutionary biologic point of view. Cases on the emerging field of arts-in-business in Denmark....

  15. Art and Religion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shusterman, Richard

    2008-01-01

    Since the nineteenth century's interest in "art for art's sake," many thinkers have argued that art would supplant traditional religion as the spiritual locus of the increasingly secular society of Western modernity. If art can capture the sort of spirituality, idealism, and expressive community of traditional religions but without being ensnared…

  16. Taking the Arts Seriously

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    what makes art special in an anthropologic and evolutionary biologic point of view. Cases on the emerging field of arts-in-business in Denmark.......what makes art special in an anthropologic and evolutionary biologic point of view. Cases on the emerging field of arts-in-business in Denmark....

  17. 辅助生殖技术助孕后不同步异位妊娠原因探究及文献回顾%Investigation and literature review about heterochronic ectopic pregnancy after ART

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴洋; 杨霞; 李丽斐; 张瑞; 张学红

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To discuss the prevention and treatment measures that can reduce the risk of ectopic pregnancy of assisted reproductive technology (ART).Methods:Two unusual cases of heterochronic ectopic pregnancy have been reported.A retrospective clinical study was performed to analyze the five relevant cases in recent years.Results:The cause of heterochronic ectopic pregnancy was complicated.This kind of ectopic pregnancy could be spontaneously or related to ART.It could be happened about one month after the first ectopic pregnancy at the latest,and the patient was often required the second surgical treatment.Conclusion:The patient with tubal factor can be treated with laparoscopic "core-pulling" salpingectomy before IVF.Vitrified-thawed singleblastocyst was another great solution to reduce the potential heterochronic ectopic pregnancy rates.The patient should be monitored continuously after the operation of ectopic pregnancy a month or so,heterochronic ectopic pregnancy should be discovered and treated timely.%目的:探讨辅助生殖技术(ART)能够降低异位妊娠风险的预防、治疗措施.方法:报道2例国内外少见的不同步异位妊娠病例,并结合近年来相关的5个案例进行回顾性分析.结果:不同步异位妊娠成因复杂,自然受孕及ART助孕都可发生,最迟可发生在初次异位妊娠后1个月左右,且往往需要2次手术治疗.结论:对有相应适应证的患者,输卵管抽芯切除作为预处理或冻融单囊胚移植可降低不同步异位妊娠的发生率;异位妊娠手术处理后1个月左右均需密切监测患者情况,尽早发现不同步异位妊娠病灶并给予及时处理.

  18. Arts Education Beyond Art : Teaching Art in Times of Change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Heusden, Bernard; Gielen, Pascal

    2015-01-01

    People and societies thrive on a versatile and imaginative awareness. Yet the critical debate on arts education is still too often about the qualities of artefacts and technical skills, and tends to neglect issues such as the critical function of the arts in society, artistic cognition and cognitive

  19. A arte que anda

    OpenAIRE

    Moreira, Antônio Sérgio

    2016-01-01

    Odeslocamento de objetos sagrados da cultura africana para o novo mundo serve como início de uma reflexão sobre o mercado de arte africana. O texto faz uma análise da influência desses objetos na arte. E ainda nos questiona sobre a arte produzida por artistas afro-brasileiros (arte afro-brasileira ou negra brasileira? Ou apenas arte brasileira?). Palavras-chave: Cultura africana; Objetos sagrados; Arte afro-brasileira; Mercado de arte.

  20. Community-Based Art Studios in Europe and the United States: A Comparative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vick, Randy M.; Sexton-Radek, Kathy

    2008-01-01

    This survey research compares the structure and practices of 7 community studio art programs for artists with disabilities in Europe to 8 studio art therapy programs in the United States. Art therapy and disability arts literature was reviewed to establish a theoretical context for this project. A survey research method was used, with statistical…

  1. Art, city and territory Arte, ciudad y territorio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana López Levi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The third number of URBS is dedicated to analyze the links between art, city and territory. In this sense, it gathers several articles that address the links between urban studies and arts, considering the contributions made by literature, painting, music, film, architecture and theater to the analysis, understanding and perception of urban space. These studies consider both artistic representations of the city and its urban spaces, as well as artistic interventions in the cities.
    El número tres de URBS tiene como objetivo analizar los vínculos entre el arte, la ciudad y el territorio. En este sentido, se reúnen artículos que aborden el vínculo entre los estudios urbanos y las artes; considerando las aportaciones que hacen la literatura, la pintura, la música, el cine, la arquitectura y el teatro a las formas de ver, entender, percibir y analizar el espacio urbano. Para ello, se contempla tanto el estudio de las representaciones artísticas de las ciudades y los espacios urbanos, como el análisis de las intervenciones que los artistas hacen en las ciudades.

  2. Plastic Bags and Environmental Pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sang, Anita Ng Heung

    2010-01-01

    The "Hong Kong Visual Arts Curriculum Guide," covering Primary 1 to Secondary 3 grades (Curriculum Development Committee, 2003), points to three domains of learning in visual arts: (1) visual arts knowledge; (2) visual arts appreciation and criticism; and (3) visual arts making. The "Guide" suggests learning should develop…

  3. Plastic Bags and Environmental Pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sang, Anita Ng Heung

    2010-01-01

    The "Hong Kong Visual Arts Curriculum Guide," covering Primary 1 to Secondary 3 grades (Curriculum Development Committee, 2003), points to three domains of learning in visual arts: (1) visual arts knowledge; (2) visual arts appreciation and criticism; and (3) visual arts making. The "Guide" suggests learning should develop students' generic…

  4. A literature review of idea management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anna Rose Vagn

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the paper is primarily to conduct a state-of-the-art literature review of Idea Management and secondary to point out unanswered questions which are left behind in the reviewed literature. Scientific knowledge is primarily represented in innovation management literature but also...... considerably in literature on software and IT. On the background of the literature review, there are some weaknesses in the literature to be considered. These weaknesses concern the understanding of how people interact with idea management in their daily work practices and how different types of ideas...

  5. “文艺心理学”的命名之难——新时期以来“文学的跨学科研究”学术考察之一%Title: The Name and Nature of the Psychology of Art: An Exploration of Interdisciplinary Studies of Literature since 1976

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锋杰

    2012-01-01

    The disciplinary formation of psychology of art in China experienced three phases in terms of its name and nature, and two approaches have emerged with one from the psychological perspective and the other from literary perspective. The psychologi- cal perspective takes the relation between psychology and literary art as a psychological phenomenon, while the literary perspec- tive takes it as a literary one. This paper tries to argue for a discipline to study the psychology of literary art and establish a sub- ject boundary of the discipline. It argues that the limits of psychology in literary studies has to be recognized and that only when an approach is established in the fusion between the horizons of literature and psychology can the disciplinary boundary of psy- chology of literature and art be clearly defined.%中国文艺心理学的跨学科研究经历了三个阶段的命名探索,包含了是从心理学出发还是从文艺学出发的两难选择,形成两条研究途径:从心理学出发,是将文艺与心理关系作为心理现象来研究;从文艺学出发,是将文艺与心理关系作为文学现象来研究。我们认为,应将文艺心理学命名为研究“文艺心理”的学科,为其确定独特的研究对象,充分重视心理学介入文艺研究的有限性,在文艺学与心理学的视界融合中建立研究方法,才能建构更为明晰的文艺心理学的学科体系。

  6. Arquitectura, arte funcional

    OpenAIRE

    Monjo Carrió, Juan

    1985-01-01

    The begining of this work is devoted to the analysis of the concepts of Art, Science and Technique and their historical evolution, distinguishing between "fine arts" and "technique arts". Following, Architect and Architecture terms are defined both conceptual and professionally, analysing as well its historical evolution and pointing out the interdependence between the architectural conception as "fine art" and the constructive technology as "technique art", finally reminding the necessary sc...

  7. Dental anxiety and pain related to ART

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraya Coelho Leal

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART is considered to be well accepted, both by children and by adult patients. The objective of this review is to present and discuss the evidence regarding the acceptability of ART, from the patient's perspective. Aspects related to dental anxiety/fear and pain/discomfort have been highlighted, to facilitate better understanding and use of the information available in the literature. CONCLUSIONS: The ART approach has been shown to cause less discomfort than other conventional approaches and is, therefore, considered a very promising "atraumatic" management approach for cavitated carious lesions in children, anxious adults and possibly, for dental-phobic patients.

  8. The Similarities and Differences of On the Creation of ZHAO Shu-li and Speech at tile Forum on Literature andArt in Yan'an%周扬《论赵树理的创作》与《讲话》的合与离

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙玉玲; 姚康康

    2011-01-01

    周扬的《论赵树理的创作》长期以来一直被作为《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》的经典诠释,二者关系紧密,其内在价值追求都是在坚持文艺为政治服务的前提下,找寻一条符合战时延安和中国民族特色的文艺宣传与创作道路。但是由于批评对象的复杂性,尤其是政治形势的多变性和文艺政策的策略性等因素,又造成了二者之间的疏离。%ZHOU Yang's On the creation ofZHAO Shu-li has long been used as the classic interpretation of Speech at the Forum on Literature and Art in Yah 'an. The relationship between the two is close because their intrinsic value is the same. They wanted to find a creative way in the view of literature for political. However, due to the complexity of the subject of criticism, especially the variability of the political situation and strategy of literature policy, the two also have many differences.

  9. ABOUT PLASTIC LANGUAGE TODAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorica Liliana NEGOESCU

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available We live in a mixture of images. From all side we are assaulted by various and disparate visual information. Landmarks of contemporary art of a restless world are in constant motion and transformation. The border between the visual arts and information, especially for the new generations, is in a continuous confrontation. But here, the field of the arts once in elite, being conditioned by the access to education and culture offered by a particular social standard and by the welfare condition, tends to expand and become more accessible to all social groups. The images tend to become a subject of debate. Along with the new millennium, increasing masses of people discover the cultural tourism, take note of the existence of the art and overwhelmed with their presence the great museums of the world.

  10. SABIC Innovative Plastics: Be the World Best Plastic Resin Manufacturer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jenny Du

    2007-01-01

    @@ "SABIC Innovative Plastics is a global supplier of plastic resins, manufacturing and compounding polycarbonate, ABS, SAN, ASA, PPE, PC/ABS, PBT and PEI resins, as well as the LNP* line of high performance specialty compounds," said Hiroshi Yoshida, the Global Market Director for Electronics of SABIC Innovative Plastics based in Tokyo at the press conference held by SABIC Innovative Plastics, November 8th 2007, Shanghai.

  11. Large-Scale Analysis of Art Proportions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Karl Kristoffer

    2014-01-01

    While literature often tries to impute mathematical constants into art, this large-scale study (11 databases of paintings and photos, around 200.000 items) shows a different truth. The analysis, consisting of the width/height proportions, shows a value of rarely if ever one (square) and with majo......While literature often tries to impute mathematical constants into art, this large-scale study (11 databases of paintings and photos, around 200.000 items) shows a different truth. The analysis, consisting of the width/height proportions, shows a value of rarely if ever one (square...

  12. Preserving in Plastic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahla, James

    1985-01-01

    Outlines steps for casting insects in permanent molds prepared from commercially available liquid plastic. Also describes dry mountings in glass, acrylic, and petri dishes. The rationale for specimen use, hints for producing quality results, purchasing information, and safety precautions are considered. (DH)

  13. Informative document waste plastics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nagelhout D; Sein AA; Duvoort GL

    1989-01-01

    This "Informative document waste plastics" forms part of a series of "informative documents waste materials". These documents are conducted by RIVM on the indstruction of the Directorate General for the Environment, Waste Materials Directorate, in behalf of the program of acti

  14. Discrete dislocation plasticity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Giessen, E.; Finel, A; Maziere, D; Veron, M

    2003-01-01

    Conventional continuum mechanics models of inelastic deformation processes axe size scale independent. In contrast, there is considerable experimental evidence that plastic flow in crystalline materials is size dependent over length scales of the order of tens of microns and smaller. At present ther

  15. Progress in neural plasticity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    POO; Mu-Ming

    2010-01-01

    One of the properties of the nervous system is the use-dependent plasticity of neural circuits.The structure and function of neural circuits are susceptible to changes induced by prior neuronal activity,as reflected by short-and long-term modifications of synaptic efficacy and neuronal excitability.Regarded as the most attractive cellular mechanism underlying higher cognitive functions such as learning and memory,activity-dependent synaptic plasticity has been in the spotlight of modern neuroscience since 1973 when activity-induced long-term potentiation(LTP) of hippocampal synapses was first discovered.Over the last 10 years,Chinese neuroscientists have made notable contributions to the study of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of synaptic plasticity,as well as of the plasticity beyond synapses,including activity-dependent changes in intrinsic neuronal excitability,dendritic integration functions,neuron-glia signaling,and neural network activity.This work highlight some of these significant findings.

  16. New plastic recycling technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greater than 60% of the total plastic content of municipal solid waste is comprised of polyolefins (high-density, low-density, and linear polyethylene and polypropylene. Polyethylene (PE) is the largest-volume component but presents a challenge due to the absence of low-energy de...

  17. Persisting Plastic Addiction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The policy on curbing plastic shopping bag use implemented three years ago has produced mixed results In a bustling farmers’market tucked in a narrow street in Xisanqi residential community in north Beijing,stalls selling vegetables,fruits and other foods line the sidewalk.

  18. Self-Reference: Theory and Didactics between Language and Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Svend Erik

    2005-01-01

    More often than not, metafiction is approached more on philosophical than aesthetic grounds. In metafictional works the ontological or epistemological dimensions of works of art, literature in particular, are being highlighted by the art works themselves. Moreover, metafictional works of art are singled out as a specific type, almost a genre. This…

  19. Smart apps for the smart plastic surgeon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aniketh Venkataram

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Smartphones have the ability to benefit plastic surgeons in all aspects of patient care and education. With the sheer number of applications available and more being created everyday, it is easy to miss out on apps which could be of great relevance. Moreover, the range of android applications available has not been extensively discussed in the literature. To this end, we have compiled an exhaustive list of android smartphone applications, which we feel can help our day to day functioning. The apps have been extensively reviewed and neatly described along with all their potential uses. In addition, we have made an effort to highlight ′non-medical′ or efficiency apps which can improve departmental functioning. These apps have not been described in prior articles, and their functionality might not be known to all. We believe that the technology savvy plastic surgeon can make maximum use of these apps to his benefit.

  20. Evidence-Based Education in Plastic Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Shepard P; Chung, Kevin C; Waljee, Jennifer F

    2015-08-01

    Educational reforms in resident training have historically been driven by reports from medical societies and organizations. Although educational initiatives are well intended, they are rarely supported by robust evidence. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education recently introduced competency-based training, a form of outcomes-based education that has been used successfully in nonmedical professional vocations. This initiative has promise to advance the quality of resident education, but questions remain regarding implementation within plastic surgery. In particular, how will competency-based training impact patient outcomes, and will the methodologies used to assess competencies (i.e., milestones) be accurate and validated by literature? This report investigates resident educational reform and the need for more evidence-based educational initiatives in plastic surgery training.

  1. Evaporation kinetics of DIDP plasticizer from PVC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djouani, Fatma; Mkacher, Inès; Colin, Xavier; Brument, Yves; Cristiano-Tassi, Antonella

    2014-05-01

    The physical loss of diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP) plasticizer from PVC films of about 50 μm thickness has been investigated between 95 and 160°C in air by FTIR spectrophotometry and gravimetry. Complementary OIT measurements have been performed to follow the stabilizer depletion and to confirm that the dehydrochlorination of PVC remains negligible for all exposure durations under study. As expected for thin PVC films, the overall loss kinetics obeys a first order law, indicating that it is controlled by DIDP evaporation. The corresponding coefficient of DIDP evaporation obeys an Arrhenius law with an activation energy of about 96 kJ mol-1. These results are in good agreement with those previously reported in the literature for other types of phthalate plasticizers of PVC.

  2. Threat of plastic pollution to seabirds is global, pervasive, and increasing

    OpenAIRE

    Wilcox, Chris; van Sebille, Erik; Hardesty, Britta Denise

    2015-01-01

    Plastic pollution in the ocean is a rapidly emerging global environmental concern, with high concentrations (up to 580,000 pieces per km2) and a global distribution, driven by exponentially increasing production. Seabirds are particularly vulnerable to this type of pollution and are widely observed to ingest floating plastic. We used a mixture of literature surveys, oceanographic modeling, and ecological models to predict the risk of plastic ingestion to 186 seabird species globally. Impacts ...

  3. Popliteal Artery Adventitial Cyst: case report and literature review Cisto Adventicial de Artéria Poplítea: relato de caso e revisão da literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo Frankini

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The popliteal artery adventitial cyst is not a commonly studied pathology due to the rarity of its occurrence, however it is a disease that should always be considered as a differential diagnosis in the presence of a young patient who complains of claudication of the lower limbs. Because of its importance, the aim of this paper is to review some concepts about this disease based on a case report, analyzing its occurrence, etiopathology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment options.O cisto adventicial de artéria poplítea é uma patologia pouco estudada na literatura devido à raridade de sua ocorrência, porém é uma situação que serve como diagnóstico diferencial sempre que estivermos diante de um paciente jovem com claudicação. Em virtude da sua importância, este trabalho tem como objetivo revisar alguns aspectos acerca do assunto, baseado em um relato de caso, analisando sua ocorrência, etiopatogenia, manifestações clínicas, métodos de diagnóstico e opções de tratamento.

  4. Inspired Spirals. Teaching Art with Art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, Guy

    2001-01-01

    Discusses spirals in nature, man-made objects, and art. Focuses on art that incorporates the spiral, including works by M. C. Escher and Frank Lloyd Wright, an African headdress, and a burial urn. Describes activities to help students make spirals of their own, such as constructing a coil clay pot. (CMK)

  5. A QSPR for the plasticization efficiency of polyvinylchloride plasticizers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandola, Mridula; Marathe, Sujata

    2008-01-01

    A simple quantitative structure property relationship (QSPR) for correlating the plasticization efficiency of 25 polyvinylchloride (PVC) plasticizers was obtained using molecular modeling. The plasticizers studied were-aromatic esters (phthalate, terephthalate, benzoate, trimellitate), aliphatic esters (adipate, sebacate, azelate), citrates and a phosphate. The low temperature flex point, Tf, of plasticized polyvinylchloride resins was considered as an indicator of plasticization efficiency. Initially, we attempted to predict plasticization efficiency of PVC plasticizers from physical and structural descriptors derived from the plasticizer molecule alone. However, the correlation of these descriptors with Tf was not very good with R=0.78 and r2=0.613. This implied that the selected descriptors were unable to predict all the interactions between PVC and plasticizer. Hence, to account for these interactions, a model containing two polyvinylchloride (PVC) chain segments along with a plasticizer molecule in a simulation box was constructed, using molecular mechanics. A good QSPR equation correlating physical and structural descriptors derived from the model to Tf of the plasticized resins was obtained with R=0.954 and r2=0.909.

  6. Study on Mechanical Properties of Concrete Using Plastic Waste as an Aggregate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaivignesh, B.; Sofi, A.

    2017-07-01

    Disposal of large quantity of plastic causes land, water and air pollution etc.., so a study is conducted to recycle the plastic in concrete. This work investigates about the replacement of natural aggregate with non-biodegradable plastic aggregate made up of mixed plastic waste in concrete. Several tests are conducted such as compressive strength of cube, split tensile strength of cylinder, flexural strength test of prism to identify the properties and behavior of concrete using plastic aggregate. Replacement of fine aggregate weight by 10%, 15%, 20% with Plastic fine (PF) aggregate and for each replacement of fine aggregate 15%, 20%, 25% of coarse aggregate replacement also conducted with Plastic Coarse(PC) aggregate. In literatures reported that the addition of plastic aggregate in concrete causes the reduction of strength in concrete due to poor bonding between concrete and plastic aggregate, so addition of 0.3% of steel fiber by weight of cement in concrete is done to improve the concrete strength. Totally 60 cubes, 60 cylinders and 40 prisms are casted to identify the compressive strength, split tensile strength and flexural strength respectively. Casted specimens are tested at 7 and 28 days. The identified results from concrete using plastic aggregate are compared with conventional concrete. Result shows that reduction in mechanical properties of plastic aggregate added concrete. This reduction in strength is mainly due to poor bond strength between cement and plastic aggregate.

  7. 温润的精神之花——生态文艺学视界下的黄礼孩诗歌%The Mild Flower Belonging to Spirit --On HUANG Lihai's poetry from the view of the theory of ecological literature and art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古海阳

    2011-01-01

    生于广东湛江的黄礼孩是国内当代诗坛活跃的优秀诗人,其作品温润而平和,没有坚硬晦涩的语词牢笼,没有复杂难解的修辞技术,有的只是简洁的意象和深邃的思想。他的诗歌具有丰富生态文艺学的内蕴,这种内蕴体现在了其对自然生态、社会生态和精神生态三方面的美学书写之上。在生态文艺学的视界下去审视黄礼孩的写作,具有拓展性的诗学价值。%HUANG Lihai, born in Zhanjiang, Guangdong Province, is outstanding in Chinese contemporary poetry circle. His works seem to be mild and gentle. His poetry is filled with concise images and profound meanings instead of the obscure words and the complicated rhetorical techniques. Some subtle content of the theory of ecological literature and art is created in his poetry, which embodies in the natural ecosystem, the social ecosystem and the spiritual ecosystem by his esthetical representation. HUANG Lihai's writing from the view of the theory of ecological literature and art has an uncommon expansion for the poetic value.

  8. Sustainable reverse logistics for household plastic waste

    OpenAIRE

    Bing, X

    2014-01-01

    Summary of the thesis titled “Sustainable Reverse Logistics for Household Plastic Waste” PhD Candidate: Xiaoyun Bing Recycled plastic can be used in the manufacturing of plastic products to reduce the use of virgin plastics material. The cost of recycled plastics is usually lower than that of virgin plastics. Therefore, it is environmentally and economically beneficial to improve the plastic recycling system to ensure more plastic waste from households is properly collected and pr...

  9. Phenotypic plasticity in development and evolution: facts and concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fusco, Giuseppe; Minelli, Alessandro

    2010-01-01

    This theme issue pursues an exploration of the potential of taking into account the environmental sensitivity of development to explaining the evolution of metazoan life cycles, with special focus on complex life cycles and the role of developmental plasticity. The evolution of switches between alternative phenotypes as a response to different environmental cues and the evolution of the control of the temporal expression of alternative phenotypes within an organism's life cycle are here treated together as different dimensions of the complex relationships between genotype and phenotype, fostering the emergence of a more general and comprehensive picture of phenotypic evolution through a quite diverse sample of case studies. This introductory article reviews fundamental facts and concepts about phenotypic plasticity, adopting the most authoritative terminology in use in the current literature. The main topics are types and components of phenotypic variation, the evolution of organismal traits through plasticity, the origin and evolution of phenotypic plasticity and its adaptive value. PMID:20083631

  10. An incremental flow theory for crystal plasticity incorporating strain gradient effects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nellemann, Christopher; Niordson, Christian Frithiof; Nielsen, Kim Lau

    2017-01-01

    The present work investigates a new approach to formulating a rate-independent strain gradient theory for crystal plasticity. The approach takes as offset recent discussions published in the literature for isotropic plasticity, and a key ingredient of the present work is the manner in which a gra...

  11. An investigation of the plastic fracture of high strength steels. Ph.D. Thesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, T. B.; Low, J. R., Jr.

    1973-01-01

    Three generally recognized stages of plastic fracture in high strength steels are considered in detail. These stages consist of void initiation, void growth, and void coalescence. A brief review of the existing literature on plastic fracture is included along with an outline of the experimental approach used in the investigation.

  12. Canadian Literature Is Comparative Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blodgett, E. D.

    1988-01-01

    Argues that the way out of worn out analogies of Canadian literature is found not only by acquiring knowledge of other cultures, but also by abandoning the deceptive parallelisms that overcome differences only by hiding them. (RAE)

  13. Plasticity modeling & computation

    CERN Document Server

    Borja, Ronaldo I

    2013-01-01

    There have been many excellent books written on the subject of plastic deformation in solids, but rarely can one find a textbook on this subject. “Plasticity Modeling & Computation” is a textbook written specifically for students who want to learn the theoretical, mathematical, and computational aspects of inelastic deformation in solids. It adopts a simple narrative style that is not mathematically overbearing, and has been written to emulate a professor giving a lecture on this subject inside a classroom. Each section is written to provide a balance between the relevant equations and the explanations behind them. Where relevant, sections end with one or more exercises designed to reinforce the understanding of the “lecture.” Color figures enhance the presentation and make the book very pleasant to read. For professors planning to use this textbook for their classes, the contents are sufficient for Parts A and B that can be taught in sequence over a period of two semesters or quarters.

  14. Low temperature creep plasticity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael E. Kassner

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The creep behavior of crystalline materials at low temperatures (T < 0.3Tm is discussed. In particular, the phenomenological relationships that describe primary creep are reviewed and analyzed. A discussion of the activation energy for creep at T < 0.3Tm is discussed in terms of the context of higher temperature activation energy. The basic mechanism(s of low temperature creep plasticity are discussed, as well.

  15. Fine Arts Database (FAD)

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — The Fine Arts Database records information on federally owned art in the control of the GSA; this includes the location, current condition and information on artists.

  16. Chemistry, Color, and Art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orna, Mary Virginia

    2001-01-01

    Describes pigments and artists' colors from a chronological perspective. Explains how chemical analysis can be used to distinguish the differences between artists' palettes, identify the evolution of art, and lead to restoration of an art work. (Contains 13 references.) (YDS)

  17. Creating Art Appreciation Activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heidt, Ann H.

    1986-01-01

    The experiences of college students enrolled as majors in elementary education in designing art appreciation activities for use in elementary classrooms are described. The college students had no art background. (RM)

  18. Art Taipei, 2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jade; Franklin

    2007-01-01

    ■The boom of Chinese contemporary art in recent years has been greatly assisted by the purchasing power of Taiwanese collectors. They constitute the largest art buyers in the Asian market and without them the scene would look

  19. Nordic (Art) Photography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandbye, Mette

    2013-01-01

    A description of the rise of the role of photography on the Scandinavian art scene the last 25 years......A description of the rise of the role of photography on the Scandinavian art scene the last 25 years...

  20. Art and Architectural Space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Unterrainer, Walter

    2014-01-01

    art and architectural space museums and other exhibition spaces or how artists learn to love architects Over the last two decades, innumerable new museums, art galleries and other exhibition spaces have been built and opened all over the globe. The most extreme growth happened in China, where...... the promotion of tourism. What surprises: in many cities, the buildings for art are better known and more published and discussed than the art they accommodate. A lot of them are considered as art objects. This raises two questions: How much is architecture itself a form of arts? (in Western architecture...... historically considered even the mother of all arts) - but more relevant: what are appropriate architectural spaces for presenting, exhibiting, contemplating, reflecting, meditating, discussing, enjoying, dissenting, debating creations of art. Simplified, this is a question about the relation between package...

  1. MUF architecture /art London

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svenningsen Kajita, Heidi

    2009-01-01

    Om MUF architecture samt interview med Liza Fior og Katherine Clarke, partnere i muf architecture/art......Om MUF architecture samt interview med Liza Fior og Katherine Clarke, partnere i muf architecture/art...

  2. New perspectives in plastic biodegradation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivan, Alex

    2011-06-01

    During the past 50 years new plastic materials, in various applications, have gradually replaced the traditional metal, wood, leather materials. Ironically, the most preferred property of plastics--durability--exerts also the major environmental threat. Recycling has practically failed to provide a safe solution for disposal of plastic waste (only 5% out of 1 trillion plastic bags, annually produced in the US alone, are being recycled). Since the most utilized plastic is polyethylene (PE; ca. 140 million tons/year), any reduction in the accumulation of PE waste alone would have a major impact on the overall reduction of the plastic waste in the environment. Since PE is considered to be practically inert, efforts were made to isolate unique microorganisms capable of utilizing synthetic polymers. Recent data showed that biodegradation of plastic waste with selected microbial strains became a viable solution. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Microelectronics plastic molded packaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, D.R. [Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Palmer, D.W.; Peterson, D.W. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others

    1997-02-01

    The use of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) microelectronics for nuclear weapon applications will soon be reality rather than hearsay. The use of COTS for new technologies for uniquely military applications is being driven by the so-called Perry Initiative that requires the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) to accept and utilize commercial standards for procurement of military systems. Based on this philosophy, coupled with several practical considerations, new weapons systems as well as future upgrades will contain plastic encapsulated microelectronics. However, a conservative Department of Energy (DOE) approach requires lifetime predictive models. Thus, the focus of the current project is on accelerated testing to advance current aging models as well as on the development of the methodology to be used during WR qualification of plastic encapsulated microelectronics. An additional focal point involves achieving awareness of commercial capabilities, materials, and processes. One of the major outcomes of the project has been the definition of proper techniques for handling and evaluation of modern surface mount parts which might be used in future systems. This program is also raising the familiarity level of plastic within the weapons complex, allowing subsystem design rules accommodating COTS to evolve. A two year program plan is presented along with test results and commercial interactions during this first year.

  4. ART GALLERY IN LHASA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Art galleries have emerged on the streets of Lhasa since the reform and opening up of China.The earliest ones were Art Gallery of Tibetan Exhibition Hall and Art Gallery of Potala Palace 20 years before.For 20 years as one fell,another rose until now,tens of art galleries of various sizes and centred around the Barkor Street are attracting enormous numbers of tourists from both home and abroad.

  5. Gombrich, Art and Psychoanalysis

    OpenAIRE

    Stefano Ferrari

    2014-01-01

    Ernst H. Gombrich has always shown particular attention to the psychology of art as psychology of representation (and enjoyment) of art. In addition, through his friendship with Ernst Kris, who had been a respected art historian in the staff of the Kunsthisthoriches Museum in Vienna before becoming an important psychoanalyst, Gombrich devoted some fundamental essays on the contribution of psychoanalysis to the study of art.The main novelty and the most original feature of his contribution to ...

  6. Arte, derecho y derecho al arte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Martínez Dalmau

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El artículo defiende que existe un derecho subjetivo al arte fundamentado en la autonomía del arte, que lo diferencia de otras formas expresivas; en la capacidad de apropiación subjetiva del arte exclusivamente por parte de los seres humanos; en las posibilidades del arte para la construcción de formas de expresión varias; y en el potencial uso del arte en políticas públicas propias de los sistemas democráticos, que ayudaría al derecho a la paz y a la reconciliación, así como formas alternativas de reparación y rehabilitación en sociedad. La exclusividad de la relación del hombre con el arte fundamentaría su objetivación y, por ello, lo convertiría en un derecho jurídicamente exigible.

  7. Arte, derecho y derecho al arte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Martínez Dalmau

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El artículo defiende que existe un derecho subjetivo al arte fundamentado en la autonomía del arte, que lo diferencia de otras formas expresivas; en la capacidad de apropiación subjetiva del arte exclusivamente por parte de los seres humanos; en las posibilidades del arte para la construcción de formas de expresión varias; y en el potencial uso del arte en políticas públicas propias de los sistemas democráticos, que ayudaría al derecho a la paz y a la reconciliación, así como formas alternativas de reparación y rehabilitación en sociedad. La exclusividad de la relación del hombre con el arte fundamentaría su objetivación y, por ello, lo convertiría en un derecho jurídicamente exigible.

  8. Interfacial interactions between plastic particles in plastics flotation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chong-qing; Wang, Hui; Gu, Guo-hua; Fu, Jian-gang; Lin, Qing-quan; Liu, You-nian

    2015-12-01

    Plastics flotation used for recycling of plastic wastes receives increasing attention for its industrial application. In order to study the mechanism of plastics flotation, the interfacial interactions between plastic particles in flotation system were investigated through calculation of Lifshitz-van der Waals (LW) function, Lewis acid-base (AB) Gibbs function, and the extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek potential energy profiles. The results showed that van der Waals force between plastic particles is attraction force in flotation system. The large hydrophobic attraction, caused by the AB Gibbs function, is the dominant interparticle force. Wetting agents present significant effects on the interfacial interactions between plastic particles. It is found that adsorption of wetting agents promotes dispersion of plastic particles and decreases the floatability. Pneumatic flotation may improve the recovery and purity of separated plastics through selective adsorption of wetting agents on plastic surface. The relationships between hydrophobic attraction and surface properties were also examined. It is revealed that there exists a three-order polynomial relationship between the AB Gibbs function and Lewis base component. Our finding provides some insights into mechanism of plastics flotation.

  9. Mapping plasticity: sex/gender and the changing brain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kleinherenbrink, A.

    2014-01-01

    There is a consensus in the neuroscientific literature that brains are either male or female, and that ‘brain sex’ is a fixed, immutable trait. Feminist critics have challenged this idea, raising questions, for example, about brain plasticity (the role of sociocultural factors in the emergence and e

  10. Danto and Art Criticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Freeland

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article I examine the relationship between Arthur Danto's philosophy of art and his practice of art criticism. Danto has said that he included many actual examples of discussions of art in The Transfiguration of the Commonplace because of the feeling that, previously, philosophers had theorized about art in a vacuum. And since the time of publishing that book, he has written on a wide variety of both historical and contemporary artists and art practices. Danto's philosophy of art commits him to an account of the practice of art criticism as interpretation. However, I question whether the Danto-esque interpretive essay can serve as an adequate model for art criticism. My primary claim is that art criticism must include a more strongly evaluative element than Danto's theory leaves room for, since on his view, the critic primarily explains meaning by examining how it is embodied in a work. This leaves open the question of which meanings count as valuable or important. In his more recent work Danto has explored a "Hegelian" view that art is primarily about art, but this view too does not allow for art to be evaluated or "criticized" on the basis of whether or how well it tackles the more profound questions of meaning.

  11. Arts Opportunity Gap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Principal, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The increasing focus on arts education during the past few years has brought much-needed attention to the benefits it affords to students of all ages. Past research has proved time and again that the arts support teaching and learning in numerous ways, and recommendations abound that schools should find ways to integrate the arts in classrooms.…

  12. Arts and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berube, Maurice R.

    1999-01-01

    Describes the American public's growing interest in art after World War II. Discusses the problematic history of arts in the public school curricula, in which arts programs are seen as a last priority in school reform and are the first to be eliminated in school districts facing financial retrenchment. (SR)

  13. Catalyst--The Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Edmund Burke

    1978-01-01

    Throughout European history, artists have celebrated the values of their patrons. Today, the schools are the largest employer of artists. To justify art education according to current Back-to-Basics values, art teachers should explain visual art as a language, which they can teach students to read and use. (SJL)

  14. Art & Reading Puppets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Severance, Kimberly Brown

    2012-01-01

    Every day, all around the country, art teachers are contending with large class sizes, shorter class periods, and varied student abilities. While the obvious solution might be to standardize, how can an art teacher meet the needs of the entire learning spectrum? How can an art teacher challenge the students who need challenging, while providing an…

  15. In/Visible Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Tkacheva

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses different forms of easel painting, monumental and decorative art and photography existing in modern universities. It observes how the function of art changes in the context of modernization of culture and higher education. The role of initiators of art spaces in universities is also featured. 

  16. Arts and Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Conference on Arts and Technology, ArtsIT 2011, which was held in December 2011 in Esbjerg, Denmark. The 19 revised full papers and the two poster papers cover various topics such as Interaction...... and Art, Music and Performance, and Digital Technology....

  17. Ancient Art Form Revisited

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jian

    2011-01-01

    @@ A CHINESE New Year painting exhibition has offered thousands of art lovers a traditional folk art feast in Beijing this past January and February.With the theme of "Door Gods," over 300 works of art were on display, representing various styles in China's different regions.

  18. The Art of Running

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Jill Harris

    2007-01-01

    Every year, the Parent-Teacher Association of Ferndale Elementary School in Atlanta, Georgia sponsors a fun road race for the students, teachers, families, and community. This annual event has inspired the author to develop the Running and Art project to show off her students' art and squeeze in a little art history, too. In this article, the…

  19. Arts and Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Conference on Arts and Technology, ArtsIT 2011, which was held in December 2011 in Esbjerg, Denmark. The 19 revised full papers and the two poster papers cover various topics such as Interaction...... and Art, Music and Performance, and Digital Technology....

  20. "I like Art Because..."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leishear, Christina Chiddo

    2012-01-01

    There is a lot of creative energy between students and their art materials. In this lesson, the author discusses materials an artist may use to create a work of art--paint, a paintbrush, a palette, crayons, markers, pastels, and so on. Each student sketched a picture of themselves holding some tools that can be used in art. The objectives of this…

  1. The Arts Advantage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deasy, Richard J.; Fulbright, Harriet Mayor

    1999-01-01

    Findings from a 2-year study of arts education reveal that the first and most important factor in a school district's ability to provide strong arts education is the community's support and involvement. Districts with strong arts education also require a supportive school board, superintendent, and a cadre of principals, teachers, and parents.…

  2. Aesthetics, Politics, and Art in American Novel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Literature was viewed as a form of cultural production that should be a vehicle for a different practice of representation, a representation of "art" works, through its aesthetic function to enlighten its audience rather than keep them in awe of power as the rhetorics of politics and ideology so often do.

  3. Reconsidering Literacy in the Art Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrelchick, Hillary

    2015-01-01

    For art educators, teaching textual literacy can be a challenge. In a review of literature, Hall (2005) found that content area teachers (as opposed to teachers of Reading and English) did not feel qualified to teach reading and believed that students did not need reading instruction to be successful with texts from their specific disciplines.…

  4. Using Country Music to Teach Language Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, June

    Music can be an effective motivational vehicle for teaching listening skills, literature, oral and nonverbal communication, creative writing, handwriting, spelling, and grammar. One idea for integrating music into the language arts involves the use of song lyrics as reading materials. Since contemporary country music, and its precursor folk music,…

  5. Contemporary Art of Kenya: A Different Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kader, Themina

    2006-01-01

    There is plenty of literature, including exhibition catalogues, journal articles, and books written for those interested in learning and teaching about African art. Information on individual artists from the countries of Africa is also increasing. These sources attempt to highlight the artists' lives, education, working conditions and what they…

  6. Body Art Education: The Earlier, the Better

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Myrna L.; Tustin, Jane; Owen, Donna C.; Koch, Jerome R.; Roberts, Alden E.

    2014-01-01

    Using the major format identified for successful prevention and intervention work, five "W" questions: what, why, whom, where, and who, plus one: how, this article first summarizes the current body art literature. Then, educational strategies specifically regarding the topic of tattoos and body piercing are presented for school nurses.…

  7. Arte corporal (Body Art y videoperformance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celia Balbina Fernández Consuegra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Tomando en consideración que el Body Art es el lenguaje expresivo del género Performance Art, se plantea como objetivo de este trabajo, una reflexión sobre aquellas acciones artísticas que dieron origen a lo que hoy conocemos como videoperformance. En un principio, con el objeto de documentar las acciones, se comenzaron realizar grabaciones videográficas. Después, los artistas empezaron a incorporar determinadas imágenes a sus acciones, lo que planteó la posibilidad de realizar obras con el único objetivo de ser registradas; esto dio origen al videoperformance.

  8. What to do with the “Most Modern” Artworks? Erwin Panofsky and the Art History of Contemporary Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flora Lysen

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the 1930s, when the world-renowned Medieval and Renaissance art scholar Erwin Panofsky became acquainted with the New York contemporary art scene, he was challenged with the most difficult dilemma for art historians. How could Panofsky, who was firmly entrenched in the kunstwissenschaftliche study of art, use his historical methods for the scholarly research of contemporary art? Can art historians deal with the art objects of their own time? This urgent and still current question of how to think about “contemporaneity” in relation to art history is the main topic of this paper, which departs from Panofsky’s 1934 review of a book on modern art. In his review of James Johnson Sweeny’s book Plastic Redirections in 20th Century Painting, Panofsky’s praise for Sweeney’s scholarly “distance” from contemporary art developments in Europe is backed by a claim for America’s cultural distance, rather than a (historical removal in time. Taking a closer look at Panofsky’s conflation of historical/temporal distance with geographical/cultural distance, this paper demonstrates a politically situated discourse on contemporaneity, in which Panofsky proposes the act of writing about the contemporary as a redemptive act, albeit, as this paper will demonstrate, without being able to follow his own scientific method. 

  9. State-of-art on corrosion and protection of magnesium alloys based on patent literatures%基于专利文献的镁合金腐蚀与防护技术的最新进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴超云; 张津

    2011-01-01

    The state-of-art of patented technologies for surface treatment of magnesium alloys including chemical conversion, electrochemical plating, surface coating, and multiple-step surface treatment technologies was reviewed and analyzed. Some new techniques were introduced. It was found that conversion film technologies account for a large amount of proportion among the patents of surface treatment. These technologies are also the main technologies used in industry. As the structures and service conditions of Mg alloy parts are of variety, a single surface-treatment process can not satisfy all requirements. Combined surface-treatment techniques can meet the needs in different applications. More and more new and environmental friendly techniques were invented. Factors such as capital investment, ease of manufacturing, and coating performances have to be considered when developing a coating technology for the industrial application.%对镁合金腐蚀与防护的国内外相关专利文献进行分析,总结最新的表面防护技术,包括转化膜、电镀、表面涂层和多种复合处理技术,此外还介绍一些新的处理技术.发现转化膜技术在所有专利文献中占有极大的比例,说明在实际的工业应用中转化膜技术非常重要,且占主导地位.由于镁合金零部件形状和使用特性的多样性,单一的表面技术难以满足性能所需,越来越多的复合表面处理技术、环保型的新技术被发明用来进行镁合金的防护处理.此外,专利技术的投资成本、操作的难易程度、涂层的性能等因素极大地影响该专利技术的工业应用.

  10. Orthopedic Prosthetic Infections: Plastic Surgery Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meaike, Jesse D; Kaufman, Matthew G; Izaddoost, Shayan A

    2016-05-01

    Orthopedic prosthetic infections are potentially devastating complications. Plastic surgeons are frequently consulted to aid in the management of the soft tissue defects that are created by these infections. A review of the existing literature was performed to identify established treatment methods for soft tissue coverage of orthopedic hardware infections for a variety of anatomic locations. The following treatment guidelines and soft tissue reconstructive options were identified as viable options for the management of exposed or infected orthopedic hardware. This review provides descriptions of the various soft tissue reconstructive options available as well as adjunctive treatment methods.

  11. Adaptive plasticity model for bucket foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Lars Bo; Barari, Amin; Larsen, Kim A.

    2014-01-01

    Based on experimental investigations, the literature proposes different methods for modeling the behavior and capacity of foundations subjected to combined loading. Generally, two methods are used to predict the behavior of foundations: traditional approaches and hardening plasticity solutions....... The first method is only capable of determining the capacity of the foundations and not the prepeak behavior. Thus, a new strain-hardening criterion is developed by calibrating failure criteria by employing data from small-scale tests on bucket foundations subjected to static loads. The shape of the yield...

  12. Frontline: the liberal arts of psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fradenburg, Aranye

    2011-01-01

    In terms of process, psychoanalysis is more closely related to the disciplines of the arts and humanities than those of the sciences, however much the latter have contributed to our knowledge of the mind and our discussions of technique. Will we, accordingly, assert our support for liberal arts education, at a time when it is under unprecedented attack? Neuroscience has made remarkable strides in establishing the importance of artistic and humanist training to the plasticity and connectedness of mental functioning. But these discoveries have sadly done nothing to protect the academic disciplines of the arts and humanities from budget cuts and closings. It is as if contemporary boosters of technical and scientific education had no interest in, or knew nothing about, the new knowledge of the brain that scientists are actually producing. Will psychiatrists and psychoanalysts, for the sake of the arts and the sciences, support liberal arts education, or will we distance ourselves from it, and thus abandon the well-being of the very minds we will later be trying to tend in our offices? Is it not our responsibility to speak for the importance of thriving, since surviving depends on it?

  13. Critical Programmatic Success Factors of Select Arts Programs for Older Adults

    OpenAIRE

    Cada, Suzanne M.

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify the pivotal factors contributing to programmatic success of arts programs for people, age sixty-five and older, in the United States. This study examines select programs within five arts disciplines: Elders Share the Arts (theatre), Museum One (visual art), Liz Lerman Dance Exchange (dance), New Horizons Music (music), and Arts for the Aging (writing/literature). The selected programs serve a heterogeneous population of older adults and exist independe...

  14. Critical Programmatic Success Factors of Select Arts Programs for Older Adults

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify the pivotal factors contributing to programmatic success of arts programs for people, age sixty-five and older, in the United States. This study examines select programs within five arts disciplines: Elders Share the Arts (theatre), Museum One (visual art), Liz Lerman Dance Exchange (dance), New Horizons Music (music), and Arts for the Aging (writing/literature). The selected programs serve a heterogeneous population of older adults and exist indepen...

  15. Joining by plastic deformation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mori, Ken-ichiro; Bay, Niels; Fratini, Livan

    2013-01-01

    opportunities to design new products through joining dissimilar materials. This paper aims to provide an overview of the state of the art in such joining processes, including cold welding, friction stir welding, self-pierce riveting, mechanical clinching and joining by forming. The paper includes description...... of the mechanism of joint formation, and analysis of joint performance and applicability. © 2013 CIRP....

  16. Use of art in the forensic psychiatric death investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mussell, P G; Cumberland, G D

    1987-03-01

    There is an extensive body of literature dealing with the use of art in the evaluation and therapy of psychiatric patients. In this case study, principles drawn from art therapy and Jung's writings on mandalas were used to draw a personality profile and to make a tentative diagnosis in a 36-year-old white man who had committed suicide in Mobile, Alabama. It is felt by the authors that art analysis can be a valuable tool in forensic psychiatry.

  17. Graffiti a Street Art, jejich sociokulturní a umělecké kontexty

    OpenAIRE

    Fejtová, Klára

    2013-01-01

    FEJTOVÁ, Klára. Graffiti and street art, their's socioculturals and art's contextes. Prague, 2013. Thesis. Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Education, Department of Fine Arts. Supervisor PhDr. Jan Šmíd, Ph.D., 232 pages.(Appendices: 3 plastic objects) In my diploma paper, I attempted to map the origins and evolution of graffiti and street art. Their possible starting point, sources of inspiration and connection to art throughout history and the present day. I have also mentioned the o...

  18. Literature Circles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Claudia Anne; Kuby, Sue Ann

    2002-01-01

    Describes the use of literature circles, a student-led reading and discussion method that encourages students to see stories in various ways. Explains the student selection of titles, roles of group members, and collaborative projects that complete the activity. (LRW)

  19. Literature Reviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhoades, Ellen A.

    2011-01-01

    The primary purpose of a literature review is to assist readers in understanding the whole body of available research on a topic, informing readers on the strengths and weaknesses of studies within that body. It is defined by its guiding concept or topical focus: an account of what was previously published on a specific topic. This prevents…

  20. Art et mal-voyance à l'épreuve : un paradoxe fertile

    OpenAIRE

    Sanzay-Langlais, Julie,

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation focuses on the link between the human visual system – examined from a scientific point of view – and the personal plastic expression relating facilities and photographs which deal with visual impairment. How can art be made accessible to everybody? To answer this question I explored the links between art and science and I demonstrated that both deal with perception: art develops our sensitive approach whereas science relies on a deep knowledge of the eye and can alleviate it...

  1. The Eco-Sculpture Assignment: Using Art to Scaffold Metacognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polegato, Rosemary

    2014-01-01

    The Eco-Sculpture Assignment demonstrates that art may be used as a conduit to scaffold metacognition in marketing courses. Theoretical underpinnings are drawn from the literature on pedagogy used in general, marketing, and art education contexts. The assignment is described in detail, followed by examples of learner response that illustrate…

  2. Deconstructing public artopia: situating public-art claims within practice.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zebracki, M.M.; Vaart, R.J.F.M. van der; Aalst, I. van

    2010-01-01

    This paper problematises public artopia, in other words the collection of claims in academic literature concerning the allegedly physical-aesthetic, economic, social, and cultural-symbolic roles of art in urban public space. On the basis of interviews with public-art producers (artists, public offic

  3. 76 FR 62283 - National Arts And Humanities Month, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... art at the White House and by hosting music, dance, poetry, and film performances and screenings. The... literature, theater, dance, fine art, and music reach us through a universal language that unites us... empowering our Nation's students with the ability to meet the challenges of a global marketplace. It is...

  4. Mimesis in the Relationship between Art and Reality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李翠翠

    2010-01-01

    The relationship between art and reality is broadly categorized according to mimesis.This paper attempts to examine the relationship among mimesis,art and reality in discussing criticisms of several representative classical literature theorists.Their concepts of mimesis lead them to take an important position regarding artistic creation.

  5. Revisiting the "Art Bias" in Lay Conceptions of Creativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaveanu, Vlad Petre

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the "art bias"--the pervasive association between creativity and art in implicit theories of creativity. It also attempts to connect creativity research in this area with literature on the theory of social representations. The data comes from an online survey completed by 195 participants mainly from the United…

  6. Art Education and the Development of Self-Concept.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hausman, Jerome J.

    References are often made in art education literature about how art can enhance individuals' self-concepts. This document discusses the work of authors, Manuel Barkan, George Herbert Mead, and Sigmund Freud, who support this concept. Barkan's theory concerning how an individual's personality develops and changes by interacting socially is…

  7. The Eco-Sculpture Assignment: Using Art to Scaffold Metacognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polegato, Rosemary

    2014-01-01

    The Eco-Sculpture Assignment demonstrates that art may be used as a conduit to scaffold metacognition in marketing courses. Theoretical underpinnings are drawn from the literature on pedagogy used in general, marketing, and art education contexts. The assignment is described in detail, followed by examples of learner response that illustrate…

  8. Art Education and the Development of Self-Concept.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hausman, Jerome J.

    References are often made in art education literature about how art can enhance individuals' self-concepts. This document discusses the work of authors, Manuel Barkan, George Herbert Mead, and Sigmund Freud, who support this concept. Barkan's theory concerning how an individual's personality develops and changes by interacting socially is…

  9. Recent advances in high performance poly(lactide): from “green” plasticization to super-tough materials via (reactive) compounding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kfoury, Georgio; Raquez, Jean-Marie; Hassouna, Fatima; Odent, Jérémy; Toniazzo, Valérie; Ruch, David; Dubois, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    Due to its origin from renewable resources, its biodegradability, and recently, its industrial implementation at low costs, poly(lactide) (PLA) is considered as one of the most promising ecological, bio-sourced and biodegradable plastic materials to potentially and increasingly replace traditional petroleum derived polymers in many commodity and engineering applications. Beside its relatively high rigidity [high tensile strength and modulus compared with many common thermoplastics such as poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), high impact poly(styrene) (HIPS) and poly(propylene) (PP)], PLA suffers from an inherent brittleness, which can limit its applications especially where mechanical toughness such as plastic deformation at high impact rates or elongation is required. Therefore, the curve plotting stiffness vs. impact resistance and ductility must be shifted to higher values for PLA-based materials, while being preferably fully bio-based and biodegradable upon the application. This review aims to establish a state of the art focused on the recent progresses and preferably economically viable strategies developed in the literature for significantly improve the mechanical performances of PLA. A particular attention is given to plasticization as well as to impact resistance modification of PLA in the case of (reactive) blending PLA-based systems. PMID:24790960

  10. Critical Zen art history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory P. A. Levin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay sketches a history of the study of Zen art from the late nineteenth century to post-war reconsiderations, leading towards what I term “critical Zen art studies.” The latter, I suggest, has been undertaken by historians of art and others to challenge normative definitions of Zen art based on modern constructs, revise understanding of the types and functions of visual art important to Chan/Sŏn/Zen Buddhist monasteries, and study iconographies and forms not as a transparent aesthetic indices to Zen Mind or No Mind but as rhetorically, ritually, and socially complex, even unruly, events of representation.

  11. Ancient Art Form Revisited

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Chinese New Year painting exhibition reveals the beauty of folk art A CHINESE New Year painting exhibition has offered thousands of art lovers a traditional folk art feast in Beijing this past January and February.With the theme of "Door Gods," over 300 works of art were on display,representing various styles in China’s different regions. Woodcut prints,each a piece of special handmade folk art featuring auspicious subjects,are characterized by their concise lines, bright colors,and joyful scenes embodying people’s best wishes for the New Year.

  12. What is Pop Art?

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    In this project we have theoretically investigated the concept of art and how it is perceived. We have tried to prove the claim that art reflects the changes and dynamics that pervade in a society. We have accomplished this by taking a closer look at two art streams, Abstract Expressionism and Pop Art, with our focus mainly on the latter. The concluding comparative analysis was carried out by juxtaposing the works of the two main representatives of their respective art streams, the Pop Artist...

  13. Art Priori = Art Priori / Kristel Jakobson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jakobson, Kristel, 1983-

    2015-01-01

    Restoran Art Priori Tallinna vanalinnas Olevimägi 7. Sisekujunduse autor Kristel Jakobson (Haka Disain). Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu aastapreemia 2014/2015 parima restorani eest. Lühidalt Kristel Jakobsonist

  14. Art Therapy: What Is Art Therapy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... manage behavior and addictions, develop social skills, improve reality orientation, reduce anxiety, and increase self-esteem. A goal in art therapy is to improve or restore a client’s functioning ...

  15. Art Priori = Art Priori / Kristel Jakobson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jakobson, Kristel, 1983-

    2015-01-01

    Restoran Art Priori Tallinna vanalinnas Olevimägi 7. Sisekujunduse autor Kristel Jakobson (Haka Disain). Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu aastapreemia 2014/2015 parima restorani eest. Lühidalt Kristel Jakobsonist

  16. Phenotypic plasticity of labile traits in the wild

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jon E.BROMMER

    2013-01-01

    Individual-based studies allow quantification ofphenotypic plasticity in behavioural,life-history and other labile traits.The study of phenotypic plasticity in the wild can shed new light on the ultimate objectives (1) whether plasticity itself can evolve or is constrained by its genetic architecture,and (2) whether plasticity is associated to other traits,including fitness (selection).I describe the main statistical approach for how repeated records of individuals and a description of the environment (E) allow quantification of variation in plasticity across individuals (IxE) and genotypes (GxE) in wild populations.Based on a literature review of life-history and behavioural studies on plasticity in the wild,I discuss the present state of the two objectives listed above.Few studies have quantified GxE of labile traits in wild populations,and it is likely that power to detect statistically significant GxE is lacking.Apart from the issue of whether it is heritable,plasticity tends to correlate with average trait expression (not fully supported by the few genetic estimates available) and may thus be evolutionary constrained in this way.Individual-specific estimates of plasticity tend to be related to other traits of the individual (including fitness),but these analyses may be anti-conservative because they predominantly concern stats-on-stats.Despite the increased interest in plasticity in wild populations,the putative lack of power to detect GxE in such populations hinders achieving general insights.I discuss possible steps to invigorate the field by moving away from simply testing for presence of GxE to analyses that 'scale up' to population level processes and by the development of new behavioural theory to identify quantitative genetic parameters which can be estimated.

  17. Phenotypic plasticity of labile traits in the wild

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jon E. BROMMER

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Individual-based studies allow quantification of phenotypic plasticity in behavioural, life-history and other labile traits. The study of phenotypic plasticity in the wild can shed new light on the ultimate objectives (1 whether plasticity itself can evolve or is constrained by its genetic architecture, and (2 whether plasticity is associated to other traits, including fitness (selection. I describe the main statistical approach for how repeated records of individuals and a description of the environment (E allow quantification of variation in plasticity across individuals (IxE and genotypes (GxE in wild populations. Based on a literature review of life-history and behavioural studies on plasticity in the wild, I discuss the present state of the two objectives listed above. Few studies have quantified GxE of labile traits in wild populations, and it is likely that power to detect statistically significant GxE is lacking. Apart from the issue of whether it is heritable, plasticity tends to correlate with average trait expression (not fully supported by the few genetic estimates available and may thus be evolutionary constrained in this way. Individual-specific estimates of plasticity tend to be related to other traits of the individual (including fitness, but these analyses may be anti-conservative because they predominantly concern stats-on-stats. Despite the increased interest in plasticity in wild populations, the putative lack of power to detect GxE in such populations hinders achieving general insights. I discuss possible steps to invigorate the field by moving away from simply testing for presence of GxE to analyses that ‘scale up’ to population level proce­sses and by the development of new behavioural theory to identify quantitative genetic parameters which can be estimated [Current Zoology 58 (4: 485–505, 2013].

  18. Connotation of the Enlightenment Discourse and Debate about“National Form” in Literature and Art from Perspective of HU Feng s Doubt%启蒙话语交锋与“民族形式”文艺论争的实际内涵--以胡风的质疑为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕海

    2013-01-01

    The debate about “national form” in literature and art around 1940 s involved a series of theo-retical issues such as how to use old form, and the appraisement of“May 4th Movement”, etc. HU Feng, who had analyzed and questioned the debate, not only criticized the viewpoint of the Popular Reading Publishing House,i. e. ,“new character was born out of the‘old character’”, but also disagreed with other left-wing writ-ers. He was actually adhering to the May 4th Enlightened Literature Tradition initiated by LU Xun. The fact that HU Feng was criticized indicates that the“National Form” literature movement was intertwined with politi-cal ideology, which marked the beginning of the intellectuals. destiny of being transformed.%20世纪40年代前后文艺的“民族形式”论争,涉及了如何利用旧形式、评价“五四”新文学等一系列的理论问题。胡风对“民族形式”论争的分析,既批评了通俗读物编刊社“新质发生于旧质的胎内”的观点,也与其他左翼作家的意见不同,实际上是坚持鲁迅所开创的“五四”启蒙文学传统。胡风的质疑和被批判,显示了“民族形式”运动文学与政治意识形态纠缠的实际内涵,同时也标志着知识分子被改造命运的开始。

  19. Use of recycled plastics in wood plastic composites - a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazemi Najafi, Saeed

    2013-09-01

    The use of recycled and waste thermoplastics has been recently considered for producing wood plastic composites (WPCs). They have great potential for WPCs manufacturing according to results of some limited researches. This paper presents a detailed review about some essential properties of waste and recycled plastics, important for WPCs production, and of research published on the effect of recycled plastics on the physical and mechanical properties of WPCs.

  20. Art and Architectural Space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Unterrainer, Walter

    2014-01-01

    art and architectural space museums and other exhibition spaces or how artists learn to love architects Over the last two decades, innumerable new museums, art galleries and other exhibition spaces have been built and opened all over the globe. The most extreme growth happened in China, where...... historically considered even the mother of all arts) - but more relevant: what are appropriate architectural spaces for presenting, exhibiting, contemplating, reflecting, meditating, discussing, enjoying, dissenting, debating creations of art. Simplified, this is a question about the relation between package...... and its content. The urban and spatial question goes far beyond museums and other buildings for art: how in democratic societies should public spaces be supported by art and how can public art support ´cityness´ and meaning versus spaces of consumerism. Famous but egocentric buildings with the main...

  1. The Origins of Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandre P. Lobodanov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The origins of artistic activities or rather art, and in recent decades the processing and consolidation of a new field in art history, art semiotics, are grouped together in the semiotic systems of applied and non-applied arts.In this paper, in particular, an analysis is made of the non-applied arts, in which non-verbal signs are used to express the form of human thought.The discussion focuses on the origins of non-applied arts, the image-forming process, the psychology of perception, the perception of sound and reproduction of sounds, the development of music and the development of dance in their entirety, as an expression of the inner condition that influences the body through movement: it thus provides a valuable contribution to the study of the non-applied arts.

  2. The art of scent

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenslund, Anette

    2017-01-01

    At the Museum of Art and Design in New York the The Art of Scent (1889–2012) exhibition announced its declared aim of bringing to the forefront of the arts what has long been considered the fallen angel of the senses: it would inscribe scent into fine art through a display characterised by its ex...... situ superiority detached from everyday culture in situ. The exhibition would thus give cause to sketch in a phenomenology of the art of scent that opts for greater inclusion of visitors’ experienced noses. Unfolding within the framework of Martin Heidegger’s critique of aesthetics and the advocacy...... of art, this paper argues that scent that is not of high culture may yet, phenomenologically speaking, be considered great art....

  3. Art Education Avatars in Action: Preparing Art Teachers for Learning and Teaching in a Virtual Age (for Special issue Digital Games and Simulations in Teacher Preparation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Lilly

    2011-01-01

    Three-dimensional (3D) virtual worlds (VW) have great potential for contemporary art education. This article introduces the key characteristics of 3D VWs and reviews the research literature and application of VWs in education and art education. After explaining how 3D VWs provide unique possibilities as a contemporary art medium, learning tool,…

  4. Direct liquefaction of plastics and coprocessing of coal with plastics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huffman, G.P.; Feng, Z.; Mahajan, V. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States)

    1995-12-31

    The objectives of this work were to optimize reaction conditions for the direct liquefaction of waste plastics and the coprocessing of coal with waste plastics. In previous work, the direct liquefaction of medium and high density polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PPE), poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), and a mixed plastic waste, and the coliquefaction of these plastics with coals of three different ranks was studied. The results established that a solid acid catalyst (HZSM-5 zeolite) was highly active for the liquefaction of the plastics alone, typically giving oil yields of 80-95% and total conversions of 90-100% at temperatures of 430-450 {degrees}C. In the coliquefaction experiments, 50:50 mixtures of plastic and coal were used with a tetralin solvent (tetralin:solid = 3:2). Using approximately 1% of the HZSM-5 catalyst and a nanoscale iron catalyst, oil yields of 50-70% and total conversion of 80-90% were typical. In the current year, further investigations were conducted of the liquefaction of PE, PPE, and a commingled waste plastic obtained from the American Plastics Council (APC), and the coprocessing of PE, PPE and the APC plastic with Black Thunder subbituminous coal. Several different catalysts were used in these studies.

  5. Plastic Surgery and Suicide: A Clinical Guide for Plastic Surgeons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Vikram; Coffey, M Justin

    2016-08-01

    Several studies have identified an increased risk of suicide among patient populations which a plastic surgeon may have a high risk of encountering: women undergoing breast augmentation, cosmetic surgery patients, and breast cancer patients. No formal guidelines exist to assist a plastic surgeon when faced with such a patient, and not every plastic surgery team has mental health clinicians that are readily accessible for consultation or referral. The goal of this clinical guide is to offer plastic surgeons a set of practical approaches to manage potentially suicidal patients. In addition, the authors review a screening tool, which can assist surgeons when encountering high-risk patients.

  6. Legacy of the Ancient World: An Educational Guide. Understanding Ancient Culture through Art at the Tampa Museum of Art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitelaw, R. Lynn

    Among the many contributions made by Ancient Greeks and Romans to contemporary life, are those which influence art, architecture, literature, philosophy, mathematics and science, theater, athletics, religion, and the founding of democracy. The Tampa Museum of Art's classical collection offers a unique opportunity to learn about Ancient Greeks and…

  7. No Child Left Behind in Art Education Policy: A Review of Key Recommendations for Arts Language Revisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grey, Anne C.

    2010-01-01

    From bipartisan origins and a laudable intent, the No Child Left Behind (Act) of 2001 has profoundly altered the condition of art education. A historical vantage point and review of literature reveals the current status of pending arts language revisions to the NCLB Act, as well as a pressing need to examine the key recommendations and to consider…

  8. Recurrent plastic bronchitis in a child with 2009 influenza A (H1N1) and influenza B virus infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sun; Cho, Hwa Jin; Han, Dong Kyun; Choi, Yoo Duk; Yang, Eun Seok; Cho, Young Kuk; Ma, Jae Sook

    2012-09-01

    Plastic bronchitis is an uncommon disorder characterized by the formation of bronchial casts. It is associated with congenital heart disease or pulmonary disease. In children with underlying conditions such as allergy or asthma, influenza can cause severe plastic bronchitis resulting in respiratory failure. A review of the literature showed nine cases of plastic bronchitis with H1N1 including this case. We report a case of a child with recurrent plastic bronchitis with eosinophilic cast associated with influenza B infection, who had recovered from plastic bronchitis associated with an influenza A (H1N1) virus infection 5 months previously. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of recurrent plastic bronchitis related to influenza viral infection. If patients with influenza virus infection manifest acute respiratory distress with total lung atelectasis, clinicians should consider plastic bronchitis and early bronchoscopy should be intervened. In addition, management for underlying disease may prevent from recurrence of plastic bronchitis.

  9. Periodontal Plastic Surgery Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Periodontal Externships Scholarships & Grants Educators Residents Careers in Periodontics Competencies for Predoc Perio Perio Exam for Dental Licensure Career Options in Periodontics In-Service Examination Dental Hygiene Educators Periodontal Literature ...

  10. Fabrication of plastic biochips

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saaem, Ishtiaq; Ma, Kuo-Sheng; Alam, S. Munir; Tian Jingdong [Department of Biomedical Engineering and Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States); Department of Medicine and Human Vaccine Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering and Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States)

    2010-07-15

    A versatile surface functionalization procedure based on rf magnetron sputtering of silica was performed on poly(methylmethacrylate), polycarbonate, polypropylene, and cyclic olefin copolymers (Topas 6015). The hybrid thermoplastic surfaces were characterized by x-ray photoelectron spectrometer analysis and contact angle measurements. The authors then used these hybrid materials to perform a sandwich assay targeting an HIV-1 antibody using fluorescent detection and biotinylated peptides immobilized using the bioaffinity of biotin-neutravidin. They found a limit of detection similar to arrays on glass surfaces and believed that this plastic biochip platform may be used for the development of disposable immunosensing and diagnostic applications.

  11. Institutions and Legitimations in Finance for the Arts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lunde Jørgensen, Ida

    The thesis contributes to a more nuanced understanding of art support by investigating the underlying legitimations and institutional logics of two of the most significant foundations supporting visual art, in Denmark, the private New Carlsberg Foundation and public Danish Arts Foundation. Drawing......, cultural and institutional entrepreneurship, institutional logics, and rhetorical work to address a number of key debates in cultural policy pertaining to the evaluation of aesthetic performance, the justification of investment in the arts and how ideas and meanings become taken for granted in the cultural...... of art support in the New Carlsberg Foundation and the Danish Arts Foundation at critical points in time, drawing on and contributing to the literature on institutional logics and convention theory. Specifically, the thesis shows the importance of nine particular logics of legitimation underlying art...

  12. Literature review :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dwyer, Stephen F.

    2013-03-01

    Typical engineering methods utilized to calculate stresses on a roof structure involve simplifying assumptions that render a complex non-linear structure a simple and basic determinate beam. That is, instead of considering the composite action of the entire roof structure, the engineer evaluates only a single beam that is deemed conservatively to represent an affected rafter or top chord of a truss. This simplification based on assumptions of a complex problem is where significant conservatism can be introduced. Empirical data will be developed to evaluate this issue. Simple wood beams will be tested to failure. More complex and complete sections of roof structures that include composite action will also be tested to failure. The results can then be compared. An initial step in this process involves a literature review of any work that has been performed on roof structure composite action. The following section summarizes the literature review that was completed.

  13. Plastic food packaging and health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raika Durusoy

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Plastics have a wide usage in our daily lives. One of their uses is for food packaging and food containers. The aim of this review is to introduce different types of chemicals that can leach from food packaging plastics into foods and cause human exposure and to mention their effects on health. The types of plastics were reviewed under the 13 headings in Turkish Codex Alimentarius and plastics recycling symbols were provided to enable the recognition of the type of plastic when applicable. Chemicals used during the production and that can cause health risks are investigated under the heading of the relevant type of plastic. The most important chemicals from plastic food packaging that can cause toxicity are styrene, 1,3-butadiene, melamine, formaldehyde, acrylamide, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate, di-2-ethylhexyl adipate, vinyl chloride and bisphenol A. These chemicals have endocrine disrupting, carcinogenic and/or development disrupting effects. These chemicals may leach into foods depending on the chemical properties of the plastic or food, temperature during packaging, processing and storage, exposure to UV and duration of storage. Contact with fatty/oily or acidic foods, heating of the food inside the container, or drinking hot drinks from plastic cups, use of old and scratched plastics and some detergents increase the risk of leaching. The use of plastic containers and packaging for food and beveradges should be avoided whenever possible and when necessary, less harmful types of plastic should be preferred. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2011; 10(1.000: 87-96

  14. The commercialization of plastic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Eric

    2013-09-01

    The last decade has brought a major challenge to the traditional practice of plastic surgery from corporations that treat plastic surgery as a commercial product and market directly to the public. This corporate medicine model may include promotion of a trademarked procedure or device, national advertising that promises stunning results, sales consultants, and claims of innovation, superiority, and improved safety. This article explores the ethics of this business practice and whether corporate medicine is a desirable model for patients and plastic surgeons.

  15. What can aquatic gastropods tell us about phenotypic plasticity? A review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourdeau, P E; Butlin, R K; Brönmark, C; Edgell, T C; Hoverman, J T; Hollander, J

    2015-10-01

    There have been few attempts to synthesise the growing body of literature on phenotypic plasticity to reveal patterns and generalities about the extent and magnitude of plastic responses. Here, we conduct a review and meta-analysis of published literature on phenotypic plasticity in aquatic (marine and freshwater) gastropods, a common system for studying plasticity. We identified 96 studies, using pre-determined search terms, published between 1985 and November 2013. The literature was dominated by studies of predator-induced shell form, snail growth rates and life history parameters of a few model taxa, accounting for 67% of all studies reviewed. Meta-analyses indicated average plastic responses in shell thickness, shell shape, and growth and fecundity of freshwater species was at least three times larger than in marine species. Within marine gastropods, species with planktonic development had similar average plastic responses to species with benthic development. We discuss these findings in the context of the role of costs and limits of phenotypic plasticity and environmental heterogeneity as important constraints on the evolution of plasticity. We also consider potential publication biases and discuss areas for future research, indicating well-studied areas and important knowledge gaps.

  16. Medical Art Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgul Aydin

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Art therapy is a form of expressive therapy that uses art materials. Art therapy combines traditional psychotherapeutic theories and techniques with an understanding of the psychological aspects of the creative process, especially the affective properties of the different art materials. Medical art therapy has been defined as the clinical application of art expression and imagery with individuals who are physically ill, experiencing physical trauma or undergoing invasive or aggressive medical procedures such as surgery or chemotherapy and is considered as a form of complementary or integrative medicine. Several studies have shown that patients with physical illness benefit from medical art therapy in different aspects. Unlike other therapies, art therapy can take the patients away from their illness for a while by means of creative activities during sessions, can make them forget the illness or lost abilities. Art therapy leads to re-experiencing normality and personal power even with short creative activity sessions. In this article definition, influence and necessity of medical art therapy are briefly reviewed.

  17. El mundo del arte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur Danto

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available [ES] Este famoso ensayo de Arthur Danto, que se presenta aquí traducido al español, fue el primer desarrollo de su concepto de «mundo del arte» como un marco contextual que da sentido, por medio de sus usos teóricos-lingüísticos, a toda forma de arte reconocible en el mundo. Este concepto tendría una influencia enorme en todo el mundo, y fue la base de todo el pensamiento posterior de Danto acerca del arte, y su principal herramienta filosófica para vender en todas partes la idea de que las obras de Andy Warhol no sólo eran legítimas obras de arte, sino incluso, obras importantes de arte. ; [EN] This famous essay by Arthur Danto, presented here entirely translated into Spanish, was the first development of his concept of “art world” as a contextual framework that gives meaning, through its theoretical-linguistic uses, to all forms of recognizable art in the world. This concept would have a huge influence around the world, and was the basis of all subsequent Danto’s thought about art, and his main philosophical tool to sell everywhere the idea that the works of Andy Warhol were not only legitimate works of art, but even important works of art.

  18. Art Medium and Art Infrastructure Development in Contemporary Indonesian Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Rikrik Kusmara

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This research review Indonesian contemporary artists that used the various media in the presentation in his works over the years since 2000 until now. Survey at Pameran Besar Indonesia "Manifesto" in May 2008, were around 670 Indonesian living artists, 350 are consistently professional artists, 41 artists who utilize a variety of media in each works and 6 of them are artists who used a various of media on their solo exhibition including combining conventional media with new media and installation approaches. 6 artists are analyzed on the structure of the media presentation configuration their used, and generally they used more than 3 types of media in their solo exhibition, first, painting/drawing, second, sculpture/object/installation, and third video/photography. In the study of each exhibition process, generally utilizing the curatorial and sponsored by promotor (gallery. This research shows a rapid development of economic infrastructure in Indonesian the art in 2000-an era with the emergence of many auction hall, a new generation of collectors and galleries, and the Asian art market and global orientation, it became one of the holding in contemporary art of Indonesia, has been shifting art situation from cultural appreciation in the era of 90-to an era to cultural production.

  19. Multiscale modeling and synaptic plasticity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhalla, Upinder S

    2014-01-01

    Synaptic plasticity is a major convergence point for theory and computation, and the process of plasticity engages physiology, cell, and molecular biology. In its many manifestations, plasticity is at the hub of basic neuroscience questions about memory and development, as well as more medically themed questions of neural damage and recovery. As an important cellular locus of memory, synaptic plasticity has received a huge amount of experimental and theoretical attention. If computational models have tended to pick specific aspects of plasticity, such as STDP, and reduce them to an equation, some experimental studies are equally guilty of oversimplification each time they identify a new molecule and declare it to be the last word in plasticity and learning. Multiscale modeling begins with the acknowledgment that synaptic function spans many levels of signaling, and these are so tightly coupled that we risk losing essential features of plasticity if we focus exclusively on any one level. Despite the technical challenges and gaps in data for model specification, an increasing number of multiscale modeling studies have taken on key questions in plasticity. These have provided new insights, but importantly, they have opened new avenues for questioning. This review discusses a wide range of multiscale models in plasticity, including their technical landscape and their implications.

  20. Plastics recycling: challenges and opportunities

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jefferson Hopewell; Robert Dvorak; Edward Kosior

    2009-01-01

    .... Advances in technologies and systems for the collection, sorting and reprocessing of recyclable plastics are creating new opportunities for recycling, and with the combined actions of the public...