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Sample records for plasmocytes

  1. 移植肾组织中C4d沉积、浆细胞聚集性浸润及其与体液性排斥反应的关系%A retrospective study on the deposition of peritubular capillary C4d and infiltration of plasmocytes nodules in renal allograft and their correlations with humoral rejection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许晓光; 石炳毅; 蔡明; 王强; 韩永; 周文强; 许亮; 肖漓

    2008-01-01

    目的 检测因排斥反应而丧失功能的移植肾组织中浆细胞的浸润情况及补体CA裂解产物C4d的沉积情况,分析浆细胞浸润、C4d沉积与体液性排斥反应的相关性.方法 切取40例因排斥反应而丧失功能的移植肾,取其组织,进行HE染色和免疫组织化学染色,依据Banff 97标准对排斥反应进行病理分型,检测肾组织中C4d、CD38和CD138的表达,分析三者之间的相关性.同时以10例非排斥因素导致移植肾功能丧失者为对照.结果 40例排斥反应中,超急性排斥反应5例,急性排斥反应9例,慢性排斥反应26例;40例中,C4d阳性17例(42.5%),CD38阳性25例(62.5%),CD138阳性23例(57.5%);有9例(22.5%)的C4d、CD38和CD138同时阳性,其中超急性排斥反应1例,急性排斥反应3例,慢性排斥反应5例.经Spearman等级相关分析,C4d的沉积与CD38和CD138的表达存在相关性(P<0.05,P<0.01).10例对照者中,C4d和CD38染色阳性各1例,无C4d、CD38和CD138均阳性的病例.结论 CD38和CD138与C4d的沉积存在相关性,提示移植肾中聚集性浸润的浆细胞可能通过局部分泌抗体的方式参与移植肾的体液排斥机制.%Objective To detect the deposition of perituhular capillary C4d and the infiltration of plasmocytes in the excised renal allograft and study the correlations among C4d deposition, plasmocytes infiltration and the humoral rejection. Methods Excised renal allografts from 40 patients were embedded,deparaffined,stained with HE and analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IH). At the same time, 10 excised renal specimens with other diseases were taken as the negative controls. The renal allograft rejection was classified according to the criteria from Banff 97. The expression of CD38 and CD138 was detected,and the relativities among the three markers were evaluated. Results Among the 40 renal allografts specimens,C4d was positive in 17 cases, CD38 positive in 25 cases, CD138 positive in 23 cases,and triple positive in

  2. First Report of Kidney Lesions Due to Renicola sp. (Digenea: Trematoda) in Free-Living Magellanic Penguins ( Spheniscus magellanicus Forster, 1781) Found on the Coast of Brazil.

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    Jerdy, H; Baldassin, P; Werneck, M R; Bianchi, M; Ribeiro, R B; Carvalho, E C Q

    2016-12-01

    This paper presents the first report of parasites from the genus Renicola sp. in the kidneys of Magellanic penguins. The histological analysis revealed inflammatory infiltrate (eonsinophils, lymphocytes, and plasmocytes), together with fibroplasia and compression of the adjacent ducts.

  3. [Acute plasma cell leukemia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monsalbe, V; Domíngues, C; Roa, I; Busel, D; González, S

    1989-01-01

    Plasma Cell Leukemia is a very rare form of plasmocytic dyscrasia, whose clinical and pathological characteristics warrant its recognition as a distinct subentity. We report the case of a 60 years old man who presented a rapidly fatal acute plasma cell leukemia, with multiple osteolytic lesions, hipercalcemia, renal and cardiac failure.

  4. [Dysglobulinemic neuropathy. Apropos of IgD myeloma manifested by mononeuritis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dandelot, J B; Lees, O; Sauger, F; Delapierre, F; Mihout, B; Samson, M

    The authors report a case of IgD myeloma of which the initial symptom was a mononeuritis and the biological, immunological and ultrastructural study performed about this case. Then are reviewed the mechanisms, proved or hypothetical, by which are actually explained the event of neuropathies within lympho-plasmocytic disorders.

  5. "Angular" plasma cell cheilitis.

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    da Cunha Filho, Roberto Rheingantz; Tochetto, Lucas Baldissera; Tochetto, Bruno Baldissera; de Almeida, Hiram Larangeira; Lorencette, Nádia Aparecida; Netto, José Fillus

    2014-03-17

    Plasma cell cheilitis is an extremely rare disease, characterized by erythematous-violaceous, ulcerated and asymptomatic plaques, which evolve slowly. The histological characteristics include dermal infiltrate composed of mature plasmocytes. We report a case of Plasma cell angular cheilitis in a 58-year-old male, localized in the lateral oral commissure.

  6. "Angular" plasma cell cheilitis

    OpenAIRE

    da Cunha Filho, Roberto Rheingantz; Tochetto, Lucas Baldissera; Tochetto, Bruno Baldissera; de Almeida Jr, Hiram Larangeira; Lorencette, Nadia Aparecida; Netto, Jose Fillus

    2014-01-01

    Plasma cell cheilitis is an extremely rare disease, characterized by erythematous-violaceous, ulcerated and asymptomatic plaques, which evolve slowly. The histological characteristics include dermal infiltrate composed of mature plasmocytes. We report a case of Plasma cell angular cheilitis in a 58-year-old male, localized in the lateral oral commissure.

  7. [STRUCTURAL-FUNCTIONAL STATUS OF THE LYMPH TISSUE OF MICE LYMPHATIC NODES FOLLOWING THE 30-DAY FLIGHT ONBOARD SPACECRAFT BION-M1].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulekbaeva, L E; Demchenko, G A; Ilyin, E A; Erofeeva, L M

    2015-01-01

    The article reports the results of studying the lymph tissue of mesenteric and cervical lymphatic nodes in C57BL/6N mice after the 30-day orbital flight onboard biosatellite Bion-M1. Histological and morphometric investigations revealed changes in the ratio of the nodes structural-functional zones and microstructure. Reductions in reticular cells, plasmocytes, macrophages and blasts in the nodes point to degradation of both humoral and cellular immunity.

  8. Isolated Liver Hilar Infiltration by IgG4 Inflammation Mimicking Cholangiocarcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bochatay, Laurent; Majno, Pietro; Giostra, Emiliano; Frossard, Jean Louis

    2016-01-01

    IgG4-related disease represents a heterogeneous group of disease characterized by infiltration of various tissues by IgG4 plasmocytes. In case of liver infiltration, this condition classically mimics primary sclerosing cholangitis or multifocal cholangiocarcinoma due to inflammation that preferentially affects the intra- and extrahepatic bile duct. Diagnostic criteria have recently been reviewed in order to better define the disease and help physicians make the diagnosis. Herein, we present the case of a patient who died after liver surgery for suspected cholangiocarcinoma that finally turned out to be IgG4-associated liver disease, a condition being out of current consensual criteria. The patient presented with progressive cholestasis identified by MR cholangiography as an isolated hilar mass responsible for dilatation of the left and right intrahepatic bile duct suspicious for a Klatskin tumor. The IgG4 blood level was normal as was biliary cytology. The patient underwent right portal embolization followed by right extended hepatectomy. Pathologic examination found no tumor but intense fibrosclerotic infiltration with a marked inflammatory infiltrate characterized by IgG4-positive plasmocytes. Despite immunosuppressive treatment, cholestasis was never controlled and successive biopsies of the remaining liver showed progressive cholestasis, liver infiltrate and no bile duct regeneration. The patient finally presented an upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage leading to death 4 months after hepatectomy and appropriate immunosuppressive therapy. PMID:27843427

  9. Cerebrospinal fluid cytology studies of neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus

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    CHEN Lin

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Background Neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NP-SLE is the central nervous system (CNS involvement of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE. The diagnosis of NP-SLE may be difficult due to the lack of specific biomarker. CNS cerebrospinal fluid (CSF cytology is diagnostic significant to CNS autoimmune disease. This paper described the characteristics of CSF cytology and evaluated its diagnostic value in NP-SLE. Methods Seventy-six eligible patients with clear diagnosis of NP-SLE were collected for CSF cytological examinations. Results The CSF cytology findings of 25 cases in 76 were abnormal, among which 16 cases showed lymphocytic inflammatory reactions; 8 cases had slight increase of neutrophile granulocyte percent; 9 cases showed lymphocyte-neutrophile inflammation. Activated lymphocytes together with monocytes were present in 24 cases. Among those cases, abnormal endocytosis of monocytes, which presented as monocytes phagocytosing lymphocytes or plasmocytes, was shown in 17 cases; plasmocytes were found in 17 cases. Conclusion The diagnosis of NP-SLE is based on clinical, neuroimaging and CSF studies. Among these methods, the CSF cytology findings are quite useful in practice, since the CSF cytological inflammatory reactions, especially the presentation of abnormal phagocytes in CSF is typical in NP-SLE and indicates its vasculitic mechanism.

  10. Pathological changes in the immune organs of broiler chickens fed on corn naturally contaminated with aflatoxins B1 and B2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Xi; Bai, Shiping; Ding, Xuemei; Zeng, Qiufeng; Zhang, Keying; Fang, Jing

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the underlying basis for aflatoxin-induced immunosuppression in the broiler chicken by detecting pathological lesions and apoptosis in thymus, bursa of Fabricius (BF) and spleen. COBB500™ male broiler chicks were randomly allocated to two groups. The control group was fed on a basal corn-based diet while the other group (the AFB group) was fed on a similar diet but the corn was naturally contaminated with aflatoxins B1 and B2. Histopathological examination revealed that in the AFB group there was more nuclear debris in the three immune organs and obvious congestion of red pulp in the spleen, when compared with the control group. Ultrastructural examination showed lesions in the lymphocytes and reticulocytes of the three immune organs, the mucosal epithelium of the BF and the plasmocytes of the spleen. Increased apoptotic cells and an impaired membrane system (including nuclear membrane, mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum [ER]) could be observed in the three immune organs in birds of the AFB group. In the plasmocytes, dilated rough endoplasmic reticulum contained electron-dense matrix. By flow cytometry, the percentages of apoptosis were significantly higher (P < 0.01) in the three organs of the AFB group than those of the control group. These observations suggested that the lesions of the immune organs were related to the immunosuppression, and that the apoptosis might be initiated by the mitochondrial pathway and ER chaperone pathway.

  11. Isolated Liver Hilar Infiltration by IgG4 Inflammation Mimicking Cholangiocarcinoma

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    Laurent Bochatay

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available IgG4-related disease represents a heterogeneous group of disease characterized by infiltration of various tissues by IgG4 plasmocytes. In case of liver infiltration, this condition classically mimics primary sclerosing cholangitis or multifocal cholangiocarcinoma due to inflammation that preferentially affects the intra- and extrahepatic bile duct. Diagnostic criteria have recently been reviewed in order to better define the disease and help physicians make the diagnosis. Herein, we present the case of a patient who died after liver surgery for suspected cholangiocarcinoma that finally turned out to be IgG4-associated liver disease, a condition being out of current consensual criteria. The patient presented with progressive cholestasis identified by MR cholangiography as an isolated hilar mass responsible for dilatation of the left and right intrahepatic bile duct suspicious for a Klatskin tumor. The IgG4 blood level was normal as was biliary cytology. The patient underwent right portal embolization followed by right extended hepatectomy. Pathologic examination found no tumor but intense fibrosclerotic infiltration with a marked inflammatory infiltrate characterized by IgG4-positive plasmocytes. Despite immunosuppressive treatment, cholestasis was never controlled and successive biopsies of the remaining liver showed progressive cholestasis, liver infiltrate and no bile duct regeneration. The patient finally presented an upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage leading to death 4 months after hepatectomy and appropriate immunosuppressive therapy.

  12. Alternative for improving gut microbiota: use of Jerusalem artichoke and probiotics in diet of weaned piglets.

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    Valdovska, A; Jemeljanovs, A; Pilmane, M; Zitare, I; Konosonoka, I H; Lazdins, M

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the effect of Jerusalem artichoke and probiotics on defence activity of intestinal cells of weaning pigs. One hundred eighty piglets (7 weeks old) were fed with basal feed supplemented with Jerusalem artichoke, Lactobacillus reuteri and Pediococcus pentosaceus. After 5 weeks, the piglets were slaughtered and the gastrointestinal contents and intestine samples were taken for analysis. Results demonstrated that in pigs fed basal diet with both probiotics and Jerusalem artichoke (5% of basal diet) (T3 group) had less (PJerusalem artichoke powder (T2 group), but Salmonella enteritidis - only in T1 group. In jejunum of T2 group piglets, large deterioration of crypts, a moderate inflammation process and plasmocytes were seen, but in jejunum of T3 group piglets - branching of apical surface of villi, moderate degeneration and mitosis of enterocytes were observed. A moderate number of apoptotic cells in T2 group was found mainly in colon inflammation cells and plasmocytes, but for T3 group piglets--both in jejunum enterocytes and migrating cells. Our study indicated that beta-defensin 2 and 3 expression in jejunum and colon segments were incresed in T1 and T2 groups. Findings suggest that feeding with probiotics and Jerusalem artichoke significantly improves the microbial contents, defence and regeneration processes in the intestine of pigs.

  13. Recognition and classification of colon cells applying the ensemble of classifiers.

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    Kruk, M; Osowski, S; Koktysz, R

    2009-02-01

    The paper presents the application of an ensemble of classifiers for the recognition of colon cells on the basis of the microscope colon image. The solved task include: segmentation of the individual cells from the image using the morphological operations, the preprocessing stages, leading to the extraction of features, selection of the most important features, and the classification stage applying the classifiers arranged in the form of ensemble. The paper presents and discusses the results concerning the recognition of four most important colon cell types: eosinophylic granulocyte, neutrophilic granulocyte, lymphocyte and plasmocyte. The proposed system is able to recognize the cells with the accuracy comparable to the human expert (around 5% of discrepancy of both results).

  14. IgG4-RELATED DISEASE. CLINICAL NOTES

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    Vladimir Ivanovich Vasilyev

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available IgG4-related diseases are a new nosological entity that encompasses a few previously known diseases. IgG4-related systemic disease is diagnosed if two or more affected organs are detected. This group of diseases has two similar signs: serological (elevated serum IgG4 subclass concentrations and histological (organ and tissue infiltration from plasmo-cytes secreting IgG4, and eosinophils, and the development of fibrosclerosis and phlebitis obliterans. The paper describes two cases. In one case, a multisystemic disease was observed virtually at its onset whereas in the other this lesion was diagnosed several years after the natural course of the disease.

  15. Multiple layers of B cell memory with different effector functions.

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    Dogan, Ismail; Bertocci, Barbara; Vilmont, Valérie; Delbos, Frédéric; Mégret, Jérome; Storck, Sébastien; Reynaud, Claude-Agnès; Weill, Jean-Claude

    2009-12-01

    Memory B cells are at the center of longstanding controversies regarding the presence of antigen for their survival and their re-engagement in germinal centers after secondary challenge. Using a new mouse model of memory B cell labeling dependent on the cytidine deaminase AID, we show that after immunization with a particulate antigen, B cell memory appeared in several subsets, comprising clusters of immunoglobulin M-positive (IgM(+)) and IgG1(+) B cells in germinal center-like structures that persisted up to 8 months after immunization, as well as IgM(+) and IgG1(+) B cells with a memory phenotype outside of B cell follicles. After challenge, the IgG subset differentiated into plasmocytes, whereas the IgM subset reinitiated a germinal center reaction. This model, in which B cell memory appears in several layers with different functions, reconciles previous conflicting propositions.

  16. Mycotic bovine nasal granuloma.

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    Conti Díaz, Ismael Alejandro; Vargas, Roberto; Apolo, Ada; Moraña, José Antonio; Pedrana, Graciela; Cardozo, Elena; Almeida, Edgardo

    2003-01-01

    A case of mycotic bovine nasal granuloma in a 10 year-old Jersey cow, produced by Drechslera halodes is presented. Histopathological sections showed abundant hyaline and pigmented extra and intracellular fungal structures together with a polymorphic cellular granuloma formed by neutrophils, lymphocytes, plasmocytes, histiocytes and giant cells of the Langhans type. It is the first case of mycotic bovine nasal granuloma recognized in Uruguay although this disease seems to be frequent according to the opinion of veterinarian specialists. Another similar clinical case also in a Jersey cow from the same dairy house with an intense cellular infiltrate rich in eosinophils without granulomatous image, together with extracellular hyaline and fuliginous fungal forms, is also referred for comparative purposes. Geotrichum sp. was isolated. The need of an early diagnosis and treatment of the disease is stressed.

  17. [Renal infiltrate by a plasmocytoïd chronic B lymphocytic leukaemia and renal failure: a rare occurrence in nephropathology. A case report and review of the literature].

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    Aymard, Bernadette; Beghoura, Rachid; Molina, Thierry Jo

    2011-11-01

    We report the case of a 55-year-old male with renal failure as the initial manifestation of interstitial and focal infiltration of the kidneys by a small B-cell lymphoma. Since three years, this patient had a history of CLL with plasmocytic differentiation and was left untreated owing to stade A Binet classification. After chemotherapy, the lymphocytosis and the adenopathies disappear and the renal function improve. Infiltration of the kidneys by non-Hodgkin small B-cell lymphoma, including chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), is usually asymptomatic, fortuitously discovered at the time of an X-ray examination or at autopsy. Association with renal failure is extremely rare. We review the reported cases of renal failure associated with lymphomatous infiltration (13 cases of CLL and five cases of lymphoplasmocytic lymphoma kappa or lambda IgM), with the following conclusions: in most cases, renal insufficiency appears in a few months and significantly disappears after chemotherapy; the renal infiltrate is usually focal in lymphoplasmocytic lymphoma and rather massive and diffuse in CLL; the neoplastic feature of a small B-cell lymphoïd infiltrate may be difficult to determine: a poorly limited, monomorphous, CD20+ CD5+ lymphoid infiltrate is lymphomatous. In case of plasmocytic differentiation, it must be looked for kappa or lambda monotypy; the type of the lymphomatous infiltrate according to the WHO 2008 classification may be difficult to determine in a small sampling of renal tissue: the renal infiltrate must be compared, if possible, with a lymph node infiltrate. Owing to its bad prognosis, mantle cell lymphoma must be distinguished from other small B-cell lymphoma like CLL/small lymphocytic lymphoma, marginal zone lymphoma and lymphoplasmocytic lymphoma.

  18. Comparison of 4 % icodextrin and omega 3 Fatty acids in prevention of peritoneal adhesions.

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    Karakas, Dursun Ozgur; Yigitler, Cengizhan; Gulec, Bulent; Kucukodaci, Zafer; Ipcioglu, Osman Metin; Akin, Mehmet Levhi

    2014-06-01

    Postoperative peritoneal adhesions are major concerns in abdominal surgery. In this experimental study, the effects of 4 % icodextrin and omega-3 fatty acids (ω-3 FA) on prevention of postoperative peritoneal adhesions were evaluated. Twenty-four Wistar albino rats were divided into three groups. After laparotomy, serosal abrasion was carried out by cecal brushing. Intraperitoneally 3 cm(3) 0.9 % NaCl, 3 cm(3) 4 % icodextrin, and 200 mg/kg ω-3 FAs for each group were applied, and then the abdomen was closed. All subjects sacrificed 10 days postoperatively. Macroscopic and histopathological cellular reactions as a function of giant cell, lymphocyte/plasmocyte, neutrophil, histiocyte, intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) were assessed and hydroxyproline levels were measured in all three groups and compared using Kruskal-Wallis and ANOVA tests when appropriate. Macroscopically, both ω-3 FAs and 4 % icodextrin reduced adhesion formation but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.253). Histopathological examination revealed that there was no statistical significance in terms of giant cell, lymphocyte/plasmocyte, neutrophil, ICAM-1, and PECAM-1 scores; however, both ω-3 FAs and 4 % icodextrin were found to be prone to reduce fibrosis (P = 0.047), whereas in the ω-3 FA group, histiocytic reaction was significantly increased (P = 0.001), and hydroxyproline levels were significantly lower than other groups (P = 0.044). In this study, ω-3 FAs were found to be superior to 4 % icodextrin with the lower hydroxyproline level and greater histiocytic reaction. Considering these results, ω-3 FAs can be a promising agent in the prevention of adhesion formation.

  19. American tegumentary leishmaniasis: correlations among immunological, histopathological and clinical parameters*

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    Martins, Ana Luiza Grizzo Peres; Barreto, Jaison Antonio; Lauris, José Roberto Pereira; Martins, Ana Claudia Grizzo Peres

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND American tegumentary leishmaniasis has an annual incidence of 1 to 1.5 million cases. In some cases, the patient's immune response can eliminate the parasite, and the lesion spontaneously resolves. However, when this does not occur, patients develop the disseminated form of the disease. OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between clinical, laboratory and pathological findings in cases of American tegumentary leishmaniasis. METHODS A retrospective study of the medical records of 47 patients with American cutaneous leishmaniasis. Clinical, laboratory and epidemiological data were collected, and semi-quantitative histopathological analyses were performed using the Spearman correlation coefficient (p Montenegro reaction, degree of granulomatous transformation and epithelioid cell count; duration of disease, Montenegro reaction and number of lymphocytes; epithelial hyperplasia and edema, hemorrhaging, and epithelial aggression; number of plasmocytes and number of parasites. The main negative correlations found were as follows: age and serology; time and parasite load; epithelial hyperplasia and degree of granulomatous transformation. CONCLUSION The long duration of the disease could be explained by the fact that lesions were relatively asymptomatic, and therefore ignored by patients with low literacy levels. Individuals may have simply waited for spontaneous healing, which proved to be dependent on the activation of hypersensitivity mechanisms. PMID:24626648

  20. Radiotherapy for carcinoma of the vagina. Immunocytochemical and cytofluorometric analysis of prognostic factors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blecharz, P. [Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Institute, Krakow (Poland). Dept. of Gynecological Oncology; Reinfuss, M.; Jakubowicz, J. [Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Institute, Krakow (Poland). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Rys, J. [Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Institute, Krakow (Poland). Dept. of Tumor Pathology Oncology; Skotnicki, P.; Wysocki, W. [Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Institute, Krakow (Poland). Dept. of Oncological Surgery

    2013-05-15

    Background and purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the potential prognostic factors in patients with primary invasive vaginal carcinoma (PIVC) treated with radical irradiation. Patients and methods: The analysis was performed on 77 patients with PIVC treated between 1985 and 2005 in the Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Institute of Oncology, Cancer Center in Krakow. A total of 36 patients (46.8 %) survived 5 years with no evidence of disease (NED). The following groups of factors were assessed for potential prognostic value: population-based (age), clinical (Karnofsky Performance Score [KPS], hemoglobin level, primary location of the vaginal lesion, macroscopic type, length of the involved vaginal wall, FIGO stage), microscopic (microscopic type, grade, mitotic index, presence of atypical mitoses, lymphatic vessels invasion, lymphocytes/plasmocytes infiltration, focal necrosis, VAIN-3), immunohistochemical (protein p53 expression, MIB-1 index), cytofluorometric (ploidity, index DI, S-phase fraction, proliferation index SG2M) factors. Results: Significantly better 5-year NED was observed in patients: < 60 years, KPS {<=} 80, FIGO stage I and II, grade G1-2, MIB-1 index < 70, S-phase fraction < 10, and proliferation index < 25. Independent factors for better prognosis in the multivariate Cox analysis were age < 60 years, FIGO stage I or II, and MIB-1 index < 70. Conclusion: Independent prognostic factors in the radically irradiated PIVC patients were as follows: age, FIGO stage, MIB-1 index. (orig.)

  1. Saccharomyces boulardii prevention of the hepatic injury induced by Salmonella Enteritidis infection.

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    Wu, Daichao; Teng, Da; Wang, Xiumin; Dai, Changsong; Wang, Jianhua

    2014-10-01

    Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis (Salmonella Enteritidis) is the predominant cause of serovar-associated food-borne outbreaks in many countries and causes significant clinical symptoms of liver injury, enteritis, and diarrheal diseases. Saccharomyces boulardii is used in clinical application for prophylaxis and the treatment of a variety of diseases caused by bacterial infection. We used a mouse model of Salmonella Enteritidis infection, which included pretreatment with S. boulardii, to reveal the protection mechanisms of S. boulardii against Salmonella Enteritidis infection, including the translocation of Salmonella Enteritidis to the liver 10 days after Salmonella Enteritidis challenge, and the colonisation of Salmonella Enteritidis and the formation of hepatic tissue lesions in mice after Salmonella Enteritidis challenge on the 10th day. Compared with Salmonella Enteritidis infection in mice, S. boulardii decreased Salmonella Enteritidis translocation to the liver by 96%, and 99% of Salmonella Enteritidis colonised the cecum on the 10th day. Saccharomyces boulardii also abated hepatic tissue injury caused by the infiltration of neutrophilic granulocytes, lymphocytes, and plasmocytes by decreasing the translocation of Salmonella to the liver. These findings demonstrated that S. boulardii is an effective agent in the prevention of the hepatic injury induced by Salmonella Enteritidis infection in a mouse model.

  2. The correlation between T regulatory cells and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in multiple myeloma

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    Ayşe Pınar Erçetin

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Multiple myeloma (MM is characterized by malignant proliferation of plasmocytes and their precursors. T regulatory cells (Tregs have a role in immunosuppression and control of autoimmunity, and are currently an important topic in the study of immune response to tumor cells. The correlation between Tregs and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (APBSCT in MM has not been studied. The aim of this study was to compare CD4+CD25+FOXP3+ Treg, CD200, and PD-1 levels in MM patients that did and did not undergo APBSCT. Materials and Methods: Peripheral blood samples were collected from 28 MM patients ranging in age from 41 to 78 years for analysis of CD4CD25+ FOXP3+ Tregs, PD-1 (CD279, and CD200. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated via density gradient centrifugation. Four-color flow cytometry was performed. Using a sequential gating strategy, Tregs were identified as CD4+CD25+FOXP3+ T-cells. Results were analyzed using the Mann Whitney U non-parametric test and a compare means test. p values 0.05. Conclusion: Treg levels were higher in the patients that underwent APBSCT. Tregs are crucial for the induction and maintenance of peripheral tolerance to self-antigens. In addition, Tregs can suppress immune responses to tumor antigens; however, APBSCT and Treg levels were not correlated with CD200 or PD-1 expression. Relationship of Tregs with prognosis needs to be determined by studies that include larger cohorts.

  3. Papulo-pustulosis form rosacea – results of immunohistochemical research of the condition of the lesions

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    Sviatenko T.V.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Studying and the analysis of links pathogenesis papulo-pus tulosis forms of rosacea by means of a wide spectrum of immunohistochemical markers became a research problem. For the decision of tasks in view by the author it is used biopsy a material of 11 diagnosed cases papulo-pus tulosis forms of rosacea at me at the age from 32 till 59 years. Use of immunohis-tochemical methods of research has allowed to reveal new links in pathogenesis of rosacea and to establish a role of some cellular populations of a skin and cages of immune system in progressing of disease and development papulo-pustulosis forms of rosacea. Authors have come to a conclusion that is possible, strengthening of pathological changes at papulo-pustulosis forms of rosacea is caused by presence of pincers which are capable to cause migration in skin CD68+ cages while quantity CD138+ plasmocytes was insignificant and didn't exceed 5-10 % in infiltrates. К i-67+ cages in a considerable quan-tity were as a part of sebaceous glands that specified in progressing hyperplastic changes in these appendages of a skin. Be-sides, the quantity of cages, pos itive on this marker, correlated wi th expressiveness of defeat of sebaceous glands in a greate r degree, than with a disease stage.

  4. Periodontal disease in diabetic patients - clinical and histopathological aspects.

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    Corlan Puşcu, Dorina; Ciuluvică, Radu Constantin; Anghel, Andreea; Mălăescu, Gheorghe Dan; Ciursaş, Adina Nicoleta; Popa, Gabriel Valeriu; Agop Forna, Doriana; Busuioc, Cristina Jana; Siloşi, Izabela

    2016-01-01

    Periodontal disease is one of the most frequent diseases affecting people all over the world. The relation between periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus raised the interest both of dentists and doctors treating metabolic diseases, as the two conditions influence one another. In our study, we analyzed a number of 75 patients with diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease that presented to the medical consultory for conditions of the dental maxillary system. The clinical study showed that periodontal disease and diabetes may affect young adults as well, still this pathological association more frequently appears after the age of 50. The disease was identified especially in the women living in urban area. The clinical examination of the dental maxillary system identified the presence of gingival ulcerations, dental calculus, gingival bleeding, radicular leftovers with anfractuous margins, fixed prostheses with an inappropriate cervical adjustment. Of the systemic diseases associated to periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus, there was observed that 66.66% of the patients also suffered from cardiovascular diseases (high blood pressure, ischemic cardiopathy, heart failure), and 37.33% suffered from obesity. The histopathological and immunohistochemical tests highlighted the presence of an inflammatory chronic, intense reaction, mainly formed of lymphocytes, plasmocytes, macrophages and granulocytes, heterogeneously disseminated and alteration of the structure of marginal and superficial periodontium. The inflammatory reaction in the patients with periodontal disease and diabetes was more intense than in the patients with periodontal disease without diabetes.

  5. CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL STUDIES OF EOSINOPHILIC LYMPHOGRANULOMA

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    Zhang Jizeng; Chen Jumei; Zhang Chenguang

    1998-01-01

    Objective: To research the formative mechanism of eosinophilic lymphogranuloma (ELG), investigate its essence, provide morphologic base for treatment.Methods: The biopsies and surgical specimens of 41 cases were studied with the light microscope, fluorescein microscope, electron microscope and immunohistochemical methods. In these cases, 10 cases levels of serum IgE were measured, it was high level, and 11 cases cured with radiotherapy. Results: The lesions mainly included proliferation of both lymph tissues and post-capillary venues and formed many new scattered lymph follicles.Marked hyperplasia of plasmocytes and mast cells and diffusible infiltration of eosinophilic granulocytes were observed in tissues. The eosinophilic granulocytes were obviously degranulated. When stained with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labeled antiserum IgE, the cells showed yellow-green fluorescence, which showed reticular shape in the germinal center of lymph follicles. The swollen tumor-like masses could disappear with radiotherapy, and the eosinophilic granulocytes count in circulation and level of serum IgE reduced to normal.Conclusion: The serum IgE is high lever and it is positive reaction in the tissues strongly. It is accord with allergic granuloma. The lymphocytes are allergenic ambocepotor cells, the x-ray can kill them and stop allergenic agent, the illness was recovered.

  6. A case of autoimmune cholangitis misdiagnosed for cholangiocarcinoma: How to avoid unnecessary surgical intervention?

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    Ignjatović Igor I.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Autoimmune cholangitis or immunoglobulin G4-associated cholangitis (IAC has been recently regarded as a new clinical and histopathological entity and is a part of a complex autoimmune disorder - IgG4-related systemic disease (ISD. ISD is an autoimmune disease with multi-organic involvement, characterized with IgG4-positive plasmocytic infiltration of various tissues and organs with a consequent sclerosis, which responds well to steroid therapy. Most commonly affected organs are the pancreas (autoimmune pancreatitis, [AIP] and the common bile duct (IAC. IAC and cholangiocarcinoma (CCA share many clinical, laboratory and imaging findings. Case Outline. We present a case of a 60-year-old male with a biliary stricture of a common bile duct, which was clinically considered as a bile duct carcinoma and treated surgically. Definite histopathological findings and immunohistochemistry revealed profound chronic inflammation, showing lymphoplasmacytic IgG-positive infiltration of a resected part of a common bile duct, highly suggestive for the diagnosis of IAC. In addition, postoperative IgG4 serum levels were also increased. Conclusion. It is of primary clinical importance to make a difference between IAC and CCA, in order to avoid unnecessary surgical intervention. Therefore, IAC should be considered in differential diagnosis in similar cases.

  7. Adhesion-preventing properties of 4% icodextrin and canola oil: a comparative experimental study

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    Cengizhan Yigitler

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Postsurgical abdominal adhesions are common, serious postoperative complications. The present study compared the usefulness of 4% icodextrin and canola oil in preventing postoperative peritoneal adhesions. METHODS: Twenty-four Wistar albino rats were divided into three groups. Following a laparotomy, a serosal abrasion was made by brushing the cecum, and 3 mL of 0.9% NaCl, 4% icodextrin, or 3 mL of canola oil were intraperitoneally administered for the control, icodextrin, and canola oil groups, respectively. The abdomen was then closed. All of the rats were sacrificed at day 10. Macroscopic, histopathological, and biochemical evaluations were performed. The results were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and ANOVA tests. RESULTS: Macroscopic analyses revealed that both canola oil and 4% icodextrin reduced adhesion formation, but the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.17. The histopathological examinations revealed no significant differences in terms of giant cell, lymphocyte/plasmocyte, neutrophil, ICAM1, or PECAM1 scores. However, both canola oil and 4% icodextrin significantly reduced fibrosis (p = 0.025. In the canola oil group, the histiocytic reactions were significantly increased (p = 0.001, and the hydroxyproline levels were significantly lower than those in the other groups (p = 0.034. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, canola oil was determined to be superior to 4% icodextrin in lowering hydroxyproline levels and increasing histiocytic reactions. Considering these results, we believe that canola oil is a promising agent for preventing adhesion formation.

  8. Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder (PTLD) Manifesting in the Oral Cavity of a 13-Year-Old Liver Transplant Recipient (LTx).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasuska-Sławińska, Ewa; Minko-Chojnowska, Izabela; Pawłowska, Joanna; Dembowska-Bagińska, Bożenna; Pronicki, Maciej; Olczak-Kowalczyk, Dorota

    2015-08-18

    BACKGROUND Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a potential complication of solid organ or bone marrow transplants. The main PTLD risk factors are: the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), transplant type, and use of immunosuppressants. It mainly consists of an uncontrolled growth of lymphocytes in transplant recipients under chronic immunosuppressive therapy. About 85% of PTLDs are EBV-containing B-cell proliferations; 14% are T-cell proliferations, of which only 40% contain EBV; and the remaining 1% is NK-cell or plasmocyte proliferations. PTLD may present various clinical manifestations, from non-specific mononucleosis-like syndrome to graft or other organ damage resulting from pathologic lymphocyte infiltration. PTLD may manifest in the oral cavity. CASE REPORT The objective of this study was to present the case of a 13-year-old female living-donor liver transplant recipient, resulting from biliary cirrhosis caused by congenital biliary atresia, with exophytic fibrous lesions on buccal mucosa and tongue. Exophytic and hyperplastic lesion of oral mucosa were removed and histopathological examination revealed polymorphic PTLD. The patient underwent 6 cycles of CHOP chemotherapy and all the oral lesions regressed completely. CONCLUSIONS All oral pathological lesions in organ transplant recipients need to be surgically removed and histopathologically examined because they present an increased risk of neoplastic transformations such as PTLD.

  9. Endoscopic Aspects of Gastric Syphilis

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    Mariana Souza Varella Frazão

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Considered as a rare event, gastric syphilis (GS is reported as an organic form of involvement. Low incidence of GS emphasizes the importance of histopathological analysis. Objective. We aim to characterize GS endoscopic aspects in an immunocompetent patient. Case Report. A 23-year-old man presented with epigastric pain associated with nausea, anorexia, generalized malaise and 11 kg weight loss that started 1 month prior to his clinical consultation. Physical examination was normal except for mild abdominal tenderness in epigastrium. Endoscopy observed diminished gastric expandability and diffuse mucosal lesions, from cardia to pylorus. Gastric mucosa was thickened, friable, with nodular aspect, and associated with ulcers lesions. Gastric biopsies were performed, and histopathological analysis resulted in dense inflammatory infiltration rich in plasmocytes. Syphilis serologies were positive for VDRL and Treponema pallidum reagents. Immunohistochemical tests were positive for Treponema pallidum and CD138. The patient was treated with penicillin, leading to resolution of his clinical complaints and endoscopic findings. Conclusion. Diagnosis suspicion of GS is important in view of its nonspecific presentation. Patients with gastric symptoms that mimic neoplastic disease should be investigated thoroughly based on the fact that clinical, endoscopic, and histological findings can easily be mistaken for lymphoma or plastic linitis.

  10. Adhesion-preventing properties of 4% icodextrin and canola oil: a comparative experimental study.

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    Yigitler, Cengizhan; Karakas, Dursun Ozgur; Kucukodaci, Zafer; Cosar, Alpaslan; Gülec, Bülent; Akin, Mehmet Levhi

    2012-11-01

    Postsurgical abdominal adhesions are common, serious postoperative complications. The present study compared the usefulness of 4% icodextrin and canola oil in preventing postoperative peritoneal adhesions. Twenty-four Wistar albino rats were divided into three groups. Following a laparotomy, a serosal abrasion was made by brushing the cecum, and 3 mL of 0.9% NaCl, 4% icodextrin, or 3 mL of canola oil were intraperitoneally administered for the control, icodextrin, and canola oil groups, respectively. The abdomen was then closed. All of the rats were sacrificed at day 10. Macroscopic, histopathological, and biochemical evaluations were performed. The results were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and ANOVA tests. Macroscopic analyses revealed that both canola oil and 4% icodextrin reduced adhesion formation, but the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.17). The histopathological examinations revealed no significant differences in terms of giant cell, lymphocyte/plasmocyte, neutrophil, ICAM1, or PECAM1 scores. However, both canola oil and 4% icodextrin significantly reduced fibrosis (p = 0.025). In the canola oil group, the histiocytic reactions were significantly increased (p = 0.001), and the hydroxyproline levels were significantly lower than those in the other groups (p = 0.034). In the present study, canola oil was determined to be superior to 4% icodextrin in lowering hydroxyproline levels and increasing histiocytic reactions. Considering these results, we believe that canola oil is a promising agent for preventing adhesion formation.

  11. Leishmaniasis in dogs: Case study

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    Aleksić Jelena

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a case of leishmaniasis in a 2.5-month-old dog imported from France. The clinical examination established a generally poor state of health, expressed cachexia, atrophy of the temporal musculature, weakness of movement, as well as abnormally long and brittle nails. There was also hyperkeratosis of the nose tip and paws. A histological examination of biopsy sections of the altered skin parts showed inflammatory changes in the area of the dermis, together with infiltration of macrophages and a smaller number of lymphocytes, plasmocytes and neutrophil granulocytes in the area around the sebaceous glands and hair follicles. The determined changes correspond to superficial dermatitis. Edema followed by partial degeneration of connective-tissue fibers is observed in connective tissue. A smaller number of intracellular parasitic forms was established in mononuclear cells. A smaller number of oval amastigotes with round dark red nucleis were observed in sections stained using the Gimza method in the cytoplasm of macrophages located in the dermis, but also extracellularly. It was concluded that the dog was diseased with leishmaniasis on the grounds of the clinical picture and the microscopic findings.

  12. Lesões neurológicas na blastomicose sul-americana estudo anatomopatológico de 14 casos

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    Walter C. Pereira

    1965-06-01

    systematic study of that parte of the nervous system. From a histopathologic viewpoint the meningeal inflammatory lesions were of the productive type, with a nodular or diffuse distribution. The characteristic cellular elements of this process are the gigantocytes of the Langhans type, the histiocytes, lymphocytes and plasmocytes, the two latter showing a predominant perivascular distribution. In the nodular forms there is a trend to the confluence of the granulomata and focal zones of caseous or gummous necrosis can be found. Arterites also can be found, causing degeneration of the nervous structures. The Paracoccidioides brasiliensis are generally abundantly found either free or phagocyted by histiocytes or gigantocytes. The inflammatory infiltrate grows along the Virchow-Robin's spaces, reaching the outer layers of the nervous parenchyma. The parenchymatous forms present a large central necrotic areas, with the characteristics of caseous or gummous necrosis, surrounded by histiocytes, gigantocytes, lymphocytes and plasmocytes. Fibroblasts and collagenous fibers surround and limit these granulomata of the encephalic parenchyma. Arterites are also observed and seem to play an importante role in the necrotic processes. The fungi are generally abundant, being found especially at the periphery of the necrotic areas or within the inflammatory tissues, free or phagocyted by histiocytes. In the nervous tissue neighboring the granulomata various degrees of degenerative processes of the neurons and glia are observed, as well as hyperplastic reaction of the oligodendroglia, microglia and astroglia. The inflammatory reaction of South American blastomycosis of the nervous system is not specific and, by itself, does not permit the etiologic diagnosis of the process. Only the finding of the parasite, with its characteristic forms, make it possible to establish the cause of the lesion.

  13. Experimental injury to the spleen study of interaction: contamination/preservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manssur, R; Margarido, N F; Nahas, S C; Lourenção, J L; de Tolosa, E M

    1998-01-01

    Ablation of the spleen leads to a significant risk of postsplenectomy invasive sepsis. This concept has become very important in the last three decades because of awareness of the spleen's important role in immunological functions. Hence, this has led many research centers to study hemostasis of the injured spleen in order to preserve its function. The objective of this study is to analyze the use of nylon mesh for preservation of the wounded spleen in the presence or absence of local contamination. Twenty dogs were operated, randomly divided into two groups and followed postoperatively for eight weeks. A standard splenic injury was produced in all animals and hemostasis accomplished by attaching nylon mesh to the organ. Postoperatively, in one of the groups the "wounded organ + mesh" was contaminated with a bacterial count proportional to the animal's weight. The other group was not contaminated, maintaining it as control. Both groups were studied as to interaction of contamination/preservation, i.e., body weight, surgical findings, splenic size and histology, blood and tissue culture and hematological data. The dogs adequately withstood the standardized trauma regardless of local contamination. And the nylon mesh effectively arrested bleeding in all animals. At sacrifice inoculated germs were confirmed in the contaminated group by histological methods or tissue cultures. A cellular infiltrate of lymphocytes and plasmocytes was present close to the mesh only in the latter. The mesh attached to the injured spleen did not lead to abscesses, intrasplenic or intraperitoneal fluid collections. Based on analysis of the data, we can infer that local contamination of the injured spleen and the presence of non-absorbable material (nylon mesh) did not markedly alter the overall behavior of the dogs compared to the uncontaminated group.

  14. Collagen and matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 in the ewe cervix during the estrous cycle.

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    Rodríguez-Piñón, M; Tasende, C; Casuriaga, D; Bielli, A; Genovese, P; Garófalo, E G

    2015-09-15

    The cervical collagen remodeling during the estrous cycle of the ewe was examined. The collagen concentration determined by a hydroxyproline assay and the area occupied by collagen fibers (%C), determined by van Gieson staining, were assessed in the cranial and caudal cervix of Corriedale ewes on Days 1 (n = 6), 6 (n = 5), or 13 (n = 6) after estrous detection (defined as Day 0). In addition, the gelatinase activity by in situ and SDS-PAGE gelatin zymographies and matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 (MMP-2 and MMP-9, respectively) expression by immunohistochemistry were determined. The collagen concentration and %C were lowest on Day 1 of the estrous cycle (P MMP-2 activity was highest (P MMP-2 trend to be highest (P = 0.0819). The MMP-2 activity was detected in 73% of the homogenized cervical samples, and its expression was mainly detected in active fibroblasts. By contrast, the MMP-9 activity was detected in 9% of the samples, and its scarce expression was associated with plasmocytes, macrophages, and lymphocytes. Matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression was maximal on Day 1 in the cranial cervix and on Day 13 in the caudal cervix and was lower in the cranial than in the caudal cervix (P MMP-2 expression that differed between the cranial and caudal cervix may reflect their different physiological roles. The decrease in the collagen content and increase in fibroblast MMP-2 activity in sheep cervix on Day 1 of the estrous cycle suggests that cervical dilation at estrus is due to the occurrence of collagen fiber degradation modulated by changes in periovulatory hormone levels.

  15. Halicephalobus gingivalis (H.deletrix in the brain of a horse Halicephalobus gingivalis (H.deletrix no cérebro de um eqüino

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    Rosemeri de Oliveira Vasconcelos

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available A 10-year-old Mangalarga gelding with rhabditiform nematode infection in the brain is described. Clinical signs were limited to circling and right side paralysis. Histological examination of the brain revealed marked gliosis and discreet edema. The perivascular mononuclear inflammatory infiltrate was composed of few layers of lymphocytes, plasmocytes and macrophages and rare eosinophils. The presence of rhabditiform nematodes was associated with the infiltrate. Areas of malacia associated with the parasites and parasite tracks with axonal spheroids were also seen close to the vessels and to the etiological agent and were more evident in the white matter. In the meninges there was moderate inflammatory infiltrate associated with perivascular parasites. The identification of the nematode was based on the histological examination of the cerebral fragments.Um eqüino macho, com 10 anos, Mangalarga, apresentou uma infecção por um nematódeo rabditiforme no cérebro. Os sinais clínicos limitaram-se ao fato de o animal andar em círculos e apresentar paralisia do lado direito. O exame histológico do cérebro revelou acentuada gliose e discreto edema intersticial. O infiltrado inflamatório mononuclear perivascular era composto por poucas camadas de linfócitos, plasmócitos, macrófagos e raros eosinófilos, associados aos nematódeos rabditiformes. Áreas de malácia e trajetos com esferóides axonais são vistos ao redor de vasos e do agente etiológico, sendo mais evidentes na substância branca. Nas meninges, o infiltrado inflamatório foi moderado e associado a parasitas perivasculares. A identificação do nematódeo foi baseada no exame histológico do cérebro do cavalo.

  16. Use of Endoscopic Ultrasound in Diagnosing Plasmacytoma of the Pancreas

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    Milos Miljkovic

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Context An extramedullary plasmacytoma is a discrete collection of monoclonal plasmocytes arising in tissues other than the bone. Gastrointestinal involvement has been reported in approximately 10% of cases and usually involves the liver; however, there have been a number of cases involving the pancreas. Discussion Although helical CT can be used to diagnose pancreatic plasmacytomas based on a typical radiological appearance, there are a number of pitfalls with CT including similar radiologic appearances of other pancreatic tumors, malignant seeding induced by CT biopsy, and creation of multiple secondary plasmacytomas precipitated by CT biopsy. Tissue diagnosis is critical to management in pancreatic lesions as the decision to pursue surgery (pancreatic adenocarcinoma versus chemotherapy (lymphoma or radiation (extramedullary plasmacytoma is dependent on a correct tissue diagnosis. Tissue diagnosis can change morbidity and mortality with respect to specific treatment of pancreatic lesions in the milieu of pancreatic tumor variance. In the confirmed tissue diagnosis of pancreatic plasmacytoma, radiation and chemotherapy can be preferentially chosen over high risk surgery. EUS-FNA has a lower risk of malignant seeding, complications, and a high sensitivity in the diagnosis of pancreatic plasmacytomas, especially with an increased number of passes and bedside cytopathologists. Conclusion It is important for physicians to have a high index of suspicion for diagnosing pancreatic plasmacytomas in the appropriate clinical setting (i.e., a previously diagnosed multiple myeloma, extramedullary plasmacytoma or any other plasma cell neoplasm. EUS-FNA is now an indispensable imaging modality to achieve the diagnosis of pancreatic extramedullary plasmacytomas with an inherently lower rate of complications, and should be the first choice for tissue evaluation.

  17. LONG-LIVED BONE MARROW PLASMA CELLS DURING IMMUNE RESPONSE TO ALPHA (1→3 DEXTRAN

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    I. N. Chernyshova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Production kinetics and some functional properties of long-lived marrow plasma cells were studied in mice immunized with T-independent type 2 antigens. Alpha (1→3 dextran was used as an antigen for immunization. The mice were immunized by dextran, and the numbers of IgM antibody producing cells were determined by ELISPOT method. The cell phenotype was determined by cytofluorimetric technique. In the area of normal bone marrow lymphocytes ~4% of T and ~85% of B cells were detected. About 35% of the cells expressed a plasmocyte marker (CD138; 3% were CD138+IgM+, and about 6% of the lymphocytes were double-positive for CD138+IgA+. Among spleen lymphocytes, 50% of T and 47% of B cells were detected. About 1.5% lymphocytes were CD138+, and 0.5% were positive for CD138 and IgM. Time kinetics of antibody-producing cells in bone marrow and spleen was different. In spleen populations, the peak amounts of antibody-secreting cells have been shown on the day 4; the process abated by the day 28. Vice versa, the numbers of the antibody-producing cells in bone marrow started to increase on the day 4. The process reached its maximum on day 14, and after 28th day became stationary. The in vitro experiments have shown that supplementation of bone marrow cells from immune mice with dextran did not influence their functional activity. It was previously shown for cells responding to T-dependent antigens only. A specific marker for the long-lived plasma cells is still unknown. However, these cells possess a common CD138 marker specific for all plasma cells. A method for isolation of bone marrow CD138+ cells was developed. The CD138+ cells were of 87-97% purity, being enriched in long-lived bone marrow cells, and produced monospecific antibodies. 

  18. Heat stress impairs performance parameters, induces intestinal injury, and decreases macrophage activity in broiler chickens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinteiro-Filho, W M; Ribeiro, A; Ferraz-de-Paula, V; Pinheiro, M L; Sakai, M; Sá, L R M; Ferreira, A J P; Palermo-Neto, J

    2010-09-01

    Studies on environmental consequences of stress on animal production have grown substantially in the last few years for economic and animal welfare reasons. Physiological, hormonal, and immunological deficits as well as increases in animals' susceptibility to diseases have been reported after different stressors in broiler chickens. The aim of the current experiment is to describe the effects of 2 different heat stressors (31 +/- 1 and 36 +/- 1 degrees C/10 h per d) applied to broiler chickens from d 35 to 42 of life on the corticosterone serum levels, performance parameters, intestinal histology, and peritoneal macrophage activity, correlating and discussing the obtained data under a neuroimmune perspective. In our study, we demonstrated that heat stress (31 +/- 1 and 36 +/- 1 degrees C) increased the corticosterone serum levels and decreased BW gain and food intake. Only chickens submitted to 36 +/- 1 degrees C, however, presented a decrease in feed conversion and increased mortality. We also showed a decrease of bursa of Fabricius (31 +/- 1 and 36 +/- 1 degrees C), thymus (36 +/- 1 degrees C), and spleen (36 +/- 1 degrees C) relative weights and of macrophage basal (31 +/- 1 and 36 +/- 1 degrees C) and Staphylococcus aureus-induced oxidative burst (31 +/- 1 degrees C). Finally, mild multifocal acute enteritis characterized by an increased presence of lymphocytes and plasmocytes within the jejunum's lamina propria was also observed. The stress-induced hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activation was taken as responsible for the negative effects observed on the chickens' performance and immune function and also the changes of the intestinal mucosa. The present obtained data corroborate with others in the field of neuroimmunomodulation and open new avenues for the improvement of broiler chicken welfare and production performance.

  19. Acute heat stress impairs performance parameters and induces mild intestinal enteritis in broiler chickens: role of acute hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activation.

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    Quinteiro-Filho, W M; Rodrigues, M V; Ribeiro, A; Ferraz-de-Paula, V; Pinheiro, M L; Sá, L R M; Ferreira, A J P; Palermo-Neto, J

    2012-06-01

    Studies on the environmental consequences of stress are relevant for economic and animal welfare reasons. We recently reported that long-term heat stressors (31 ± 1°C and 36 ± 1°C for 10 h/d) applied to broiler chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) from d 35 to 42 of life increased serum corticosterone concentrations, decreased performance variables and the macrophage oxidative burst, and produced mild, multifocal acute enteritis. Being cognizant of the relevance of acute heat stress on tropical and subtropical poultry production, we designed the current experiment to analyze, from a neuroimmune perspective, the effects of an acute heat stress (31 ± 1°C for 10 h on d 35 of life) on serum corticosterone, performance variables, intestinal histology, and peritoneal macrophage activity in chickens. We demonstrated that the acute heat stress increased serum corticosterone concentrations and mortality and decreased food intake, BW gain, and feed conversion (P 0.05). Increases in the basal and the Staphylococcus aureus-induced macrophage oxidative bursts and a decrease in the percentage of macrophages performing phagocytosis were also observed. Finally, mild, multifocal acute enteritis, characterized by the increased presence of lymphocytes and plasmocytes within the lamina propria of the jejunum, was also observed. We found that the stress-induced hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activation was responsible for the negative effects observed on chicken performance and immune function as well as for the changes in the intestinal mucosa. The data presented here corroborate with those presented in other studies in the field of neuroimmunomodulation and open new avenues for the improvement of broiler chicken welfare and production performance.

  20. Cell migration, viability and tissue reaction of calcium hypochlorite based-solutions irrigants: An in vitro and in vivo study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blattes, Gabriela Bess Ferraz; Mestieri, Leticia Boldrin; Böttcher, Daiana Elisabeth; Fossati, Anna Cristina Medeiros; Montagner, Francisco; Grecca, Fabiana Soares

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to analyze in vitro cytotoxicity to cultured 3T3 fibroblasts and in vivo inflammatory reaction in rats by calcium hypochlorite (Ca(OCl)2) solutions compared with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solutions. Cultured 3T3 fibroblasts were exposed to different concentrations of (Ca(OCl)2) and NaOCl solutions, and a scratch assay was performed. The viability rate was analyzed with trypan blue assay. Both solutions of 1% and 2.5% concentrations were injected into the subcutaneous tissue of 18 male Wistar rats aged 18 weeks. The inflammatory tissue reaction was evaluated at 2h, 24h, and 14days after the injections. The samples were qualitatively analyzed using a light microscope. Statistical analysis was performed with ANOVA and Tukey post hoc tests for in vitro assays and Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn post hoc tests for in vivo assays (α=0.05). In the scratch assay, Ca(OCl)2 showed no significant difference compared with the control group (culture medium) at 24h (p0.05) in the trypan blue assay. In the in vivo assay, 1% Ca(OCl)2 group showed a significant decrease in neutrophils at 2h and 24h (p=0.041) and 2h and 14days (p=0.017). There was no statistically significant difference for lymphocyte/plasmocyte and macrophage counts among the different concentration groups. Ca(OCl)2 showed favorable results of viability and induced a low-level inflammatory response. Ca(OCl)2 presented acceptable cytotoxicity and biocompatibility as an irrigant solution. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis: A case report and literature review%IgG4相关性腹膜后纤维化病例报告并文献复习

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王聪; 赵忺; 田建立; 巩路

    2015-01-01

    Clinical data of one patient diagnosed as IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis was analyzed."IgG4" and "retroperitoneal fibrosis" were used as the key words to search literatures from PubMed and Wanfang Database.Clinical data of 27 cases with IgG4 retroperitoneal fibrosis,including clinical manifestation,diagnostic basis,therapeutic method and prognosis,which were retrieved through literatures,were analyzed.A 82-year-old male patient presented with urinary tract obstruction and renal insufficiency.Imaging examination revealed a retroperitoneal irregular lump shadow,and showed chronic inflammation of soft tissues in posterior peritoneum with fibrosis by biopsy pathology.The IgG4-positive plasmocyte infiltration was found by immunohistochemical method.The serum level of IgG4 was significantly increased,which was in accord with IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis.After treatment with methylprednisolone,retroperitoneal lump shadow was obviously dissipated.The serum level of IgG4 became normal.27 cases with IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis were searched through literature retrieval,with 19 confirmed cases,3 suspected cases,and 5 suspicious cases.Male accounted for 92.6% (25/27),and the average age was 67.6 years old.The cases with the involvement of extraperitoneal organs accounted for 37.0% (10/27).The misdiagnosis rate was 55.6% (15/27).23 cases took effective therapy with glucocorticoids.IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis is an orphan disease,which can be misdiagnosed easily.The diagnosis is made with histopathological examination and determination on the serum level of IgG4.The therapy with glucocorticoids is effective.

  2. THE NEW DIAGNOSTIC FEATURES OF CD138 (SYNDECAN-1 IN MULTIPLE MYELOMA

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    A. F. Karamysheva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Syndecan-1 (CD138 is one of the main cell markers used in flow cytometric analysis of multiple myeloma (MM cells. CD138 and several other markers – CD19, CD45, CD56 – which are often used in order to characterize MM and give the possibility to differentiate MM cells from the normal plasmocytes are described. Only CD138-expressing MM plasma cells are usually taken into account in MM analysis. The current literature data point out that CD138-negative MM plasma cells could be important for MM prognosis, as well. This cell population demonstrates certain properties that are typical to the cancer stem cells. CD138-negative cell population is characterized by higher proliferation, clonogenicity, engraftment in immunodeficient mice as compared to CD138 expressing plasma cells. Besides that, CD138-negative cells were more resistant than CD138-positive cells to the drugs that are used in MM chemotherapy. CD138-negative plasma cells are able to produce CD138 expressing cells upon a long-term culture in vitro and thus to reproduce the heterogenic in CD138 expression population of MM plasma cells. The results of these investigations, as well as statistical data indicating the worse overall survival of CD138 low expressing MM patients point out that CD138-negative population of MM plasma cells should be taken into consideration in MM analysis. Thus, it could be important to find the new markers distinguishing the plasma cell population differing in CD138 expression. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor VEGFR3 was found to be a new marker with such properties.

  3. Therapeutic effect of Captopril on rheumatoid arthritis in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong-Mei Liu; Kai-Jie Wang

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of the intervention treatment with different doses ofCaptopril onTNF-αcontents in serum of rheumatoid arthritis(RA) rats, and to provide the theoretical proofs for clinical application ofCaptopril in treatments of rheumatoid diseases. Methods:FiftyWistar rats were randomly divided into5 groups, namely,GroupA,GroupB, GroupC,GroupD,GroupE with10 ratsin each group.Injection ofFreund’s complete adjuvant was employed to establish adjuvant-induced arthritis model in rats.GroupA was model group; after model establishment, rats were treated with20 mL normal saline as placebo(ip.).Rats inGroupB were treated with8 mg/kg cyclophosphamide(ip.).Rats inGroupC,D andE were intraperitoneally injected with30 mg/kg,100 mg/kg and300 mg/kgCaptopril respectively.Rats in each group were subjected to continuous treatment for3 weeks, and then sacrificed.Eyeballs of rats were excised and blood was collected.TNF-αcontent in serum were detected usingELISA; each group rats were compared for the hind legs arthrocele.Right ankle tissues of rats were collected to prepare section, and microscopic observation of pathological changes was performed. Results:TNF-αcontent in serum ofGroupA rats was significantly higher than that of rats in other4 groups(P0.05).FromDay8, ankle arthrocele of rats inGroupsB,C,D andE was obviously relieved compared with that ofGroupA rats; the anti-inflammatory effects were gradually enhanced with the extension of medication time.Treatments ofGroupsC,D andE showed significant activities against tardive arthrocele; the degree of ankle arthrocele in rats of these three groups was lower than that ofGroupA rats(P<0.01).Histological observation showed that large amount of inflammatory cells and plasmocyte infiltration was found in ankle synovial tissues ofGroupA rats.Relief of hyperaemia and edema of right ankle synovial tissues as well as significant decrease in synoviocyte layer hyperplasia, intra-articular inflammatory

  4. Coeliac disease as the cause of resistant sideropenic anaemia in children with Down's syndrome: Case report

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    Pavlović Momčilo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Coeliac disease (CD is a permanent intolerance of gluten, i.e. of gliadin and related proteins found in the endosperm of wheat, rye and barley. It is characterized by polygenic predisposition, autoimmune nature, predominantly asymptomatic or atypical clinical course, as well as by high prevalence in patients with Down's syndrome (DS and some other diseases. Outline of Cases. We are presenting a girl and two boys, aged 6-7 (X=6.33 years with DS and CD recognized under the feature of sideropenic anaemia resistant to oral therapy with iron. Beside mental retardation, low stature and the morphological features characteristic of DS, two patients had a congenital heart disease; one ventricular septal defect and the other atrioventricular canal. In two patients, trisomy on the 21st chromosome pair (trisomy 21 was disclosed in all cells, while one had a mosaic karyotype. All three patients had classical laboratory parameters of sideropenic anaemia: blood Hb 77-89 g/l (X=81.67, HCT 0.26-0.29% (X=0.28, MCV 69-80 fl (X=73, MCH 24.3-30 pg (X=26.77 and serum iron 2-5 μmol/L (X=4.0. Beside anaemia and in one patient a mild isolated hypertransaminasemia (AST 67 U/l, ALT 62 U/l, other indicators of CD were not registered in any of the children. In addition, in all three patients, we also detected an increased level of antibodies to tissue transglutaminase (atTG of IgA class (45-88 U/l so that we performed endoscopic enterobiopsy in order to reliably confirm the diagnosis of CD. In all three patients, the pathohistological finding of the duodenal mucosa specimen showed mild to moderate destructive enteropathy associated with high intraepithelial lymphocyte infiltration, cryptic hyperplasia and lympho-plasmocytic infiltration of the stroma. In all three patients, the treatment with a strict gluten-free diet and iron therapy applied orally for 3-4 months resulted in blood count normalization and the correction of sideropenia. Serum level of the at

  5. Mycotic bovine nasal granuloma Granuloma micótico nasal bovino

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    Ismael Alejandro Conti Díaz

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available A case of mycotic bovine nasal granuloma in a 10 year-old Jersey cow, produced by Drechslera halodes is presented. Histopathological sections showed abundant hyaline and pigmented extra and intracellular fungal structures together with a polymorphic cellular granuloma formed by neutrophils, lymphocytes, plasmocytes, histiocytes and giant cells of the Langhans type. It is the first case of mycotic bovine nasal granuloma recognized in Uruguay although this disease seems to be frequent according to the opinion of veterinarian specialists. Another similar clinical case also in a Jersey cow from the same dairy house with an intense cellular infiltrate rich in eosinophils without granulomatous image, together with extracellular hyaline and fuliginous fungal forms, is also referred for comparative purposes. Geotrichum sp. was isolated. The need of an early diagnosis and treatment of the disease is stressed.É apresentado caso de granuloma micótico nasal bovino, em vaca Jersey, com 10 anos de idade, produzido por Drechslera halodes. Cortes histopatológicos mostraram abundantes estruturas fúngicas hialinas e pigmentadas extra e intracelulares junto com granuloma polimorfo celular formado por neutrófilos, linfócitos, plasmócitos, histiócitos e células gigantes de Langhans. É o primeiro caso de granuloma micótico nasal bovino diagnosticado no Uruguai embora esta doença pareça ser freqüente de acordo com a opinião de veterinários especializados. Outro caso clínico semelhante, também em vaca Jersey da mesma fazenda de criação de gado leiteiro, com intenso infiltrado celular rico em eosinófilos, sem imagem granulomatosa, junto com formas fúngicas fuliginosas hialinas extra celulares é também relatado para fins de comparação. Geotrichum sp. foi isolado. A necessidade de diagnóstico precoce e tratamento da doença é enfatizada.

  6. AB047. The challenges in the diagnosis of sarcomatous mesothelioma—a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stathakis, Eustathios; Kilmpasani, Maria; Cheva, Angeliki; Dimitriadis, Ioannis; Pastelli, Nikoleta; Papaemmanouil, Styliani

    2016-01-01

    Background To report the case of a male patient, 65, who presented with a mass of the left lower lobe of the lung, incidentially found during a CT scan of the thorax. Methods At first, we received bioptic material, following CT-guided biopsy, and, secondly, we received a surgical specimen of left lower lobectomy of the lung. Results The bioptic material consisted of 2 tissue cylinders, 1.6 cm in total length. The microscopic examination revealed scattered cells with severe atypia, within desmoplastic stroma. Necrotic areas and an increased number of mitoses were observed. Immunohistochemistry showed a positive expression for CK8/18, CK7 and Vimentin, while Calretinin and WT-1 were only lightly and focally expressed. Negative staining was observed for CK5/6, CD56, TTF-1, BerEP4 and Napsin. The surgical specimen consisted of a lung lobe, 10×8×8 cm, with a peripheral mass, 3.5 cm in greatest diameter. The microscopic study confirmed the presence of a malignant neoplasm, consisting mainly of spindle cells, with pleomorphy and nuclear atypia, in compact growth pattern. Necrosis was present. The neoplasm infiltrated the pulmonary parenchyma, as well as the skeletal muscles and fat tissue of the parietal pleura. An inflammatory stromal reaction involved mainly lymphocytes and plasmocytes. The immunohistochemical findings were similar to the previous ones, with the exception of Calretinin and WT-1, which were better expressed this time. The proliferation marker Ki67 was positive in 30% of the neoplastic cells. According to these findings, the diagnosis was sarcomatous mesothelioma. Conclusions The diagnosis of sarcomatous mesothelioma, especially in bioptic tissue material, can be problematic. Immunohistochemical stains that are frequently used for epithelial mesothelioma, may not have the same results for the sarcomatous subtype. The differential diagnosis includes a malignant mesenchymal neoplasm (sarcoma) and sarcomatoid carcinoma. Positive cytokeratin staining is

  7. IgG4-related idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis: one case report and review of the literature%IgG4相关特发性肥厚性硬脑膜炎:一例报告并文献复习

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪海春; 朴月善; 卢德宏; 马晓丽

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the clinical, neuroimaging and histopathological features of IgC4-related idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis (IHP). Methods One case of pathologically confirmed IgG4 - related IHP was reported, and related literature of the clinical, radiological and pathological characteristics of this disease was reviewed. Postoperative specimen was sent to Department of Pathology, Xuanwu Hospital. It was sliced and then stained with HE method and examined by immunohistochemistrical study (S-100, Ki-67, CD20, CD3, IgG, IgG4). Results The case was a 55-year-old male patient with IHP. The clinical manifestations of IHP were variable. The patient firstly presented seizures of epilepsy showing left limb convulsions. Brain contrast - enhanced MRI showed that the pachymenx was partly thickened with line - like or nodular enhancement. Microscopically, meningeal biopsies showed dura mater encephali was thickened and hardened. Under microscope, meningeal biopsies showed abnormal thickening of the pachymenx with fibrous connective tissue hyperplasia and infiltration of many inflammatory cells. Inflammatory cells were mainly composed of lymphocytes and plasmocytes with a small amount of eosinophils. Immunohistochemistrical study showed a large number of lymphocytes with expression of IgG, and a small part with expression of IgG4. The treatment of IgG4 - related IHP with hormones and immunosuppressive agents was effective. Conclusion IHP is a class of unknown etiologic diseases, with dural fibrous inflammatory lesion, and part of the IHP patients may be suffering from IgG4-related IHP.%目的 探讨IgG4相关特发性肥厚性硬脑膜炎的临床表现、影像学及组织病理学特点.方法 回顾分析1例IgG4表达阳性的特发性肥厚性硬脑膜炎患者的临床表现、组织学特征,并复习相关文献.结果 男性患者,55岁.以癫痫发作起病,主要表现为发作性左侧肢体抽搐.MRI增强扫描显示局部硬脑膜增厚,并呈线样或

  8. Estudo comparativo das reações teciduais ao implante de pericárdio bovino e a inclusão de politetrafluoroetileno expandido em ratos A comparison of tissue reactions to bovine pericardial implants and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene inclusions in a rat model

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    Douglas Haddad Filho

    2004-04-01

    fibroblasts. When the same periods were compared, the number of fibrolasts was greater in the E-PTFE at 30 days. The number of plasmocytes and lymphocytes was greater at 30 days compared to bovine pericardium. CONCLUSION: The inflammatory response was minor and less persistant over time in the E-PTFE; repair using the synthetic material was speedier and it did not produce a foreign body reaction.

  9. Canine visceral leishmaniasis: a remarkable histopathological picture of one asymptomatic animal reported from Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil Leishmaniose visceral canina: um caso inusitado de um animal assintomático proveniente de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais

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    S.C. Xavier

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A remarkable histopathological picture of one asymptomatic dog naturally infected with Leishmania infantum (syn. chagasi has been presented. Intracellular parasites were ease found in macrophages of all exanimated organs, especially in skin. Embedded paraffin tissues of liver, spleen, axillary and popliteal lymph nodes, and skin (ear, muzzle and abdomen were stained by hematoxylin and eosin and by immunocytochemical reaction (streptoavidin-peroxidase method to detect parasites. All organs showed an intense parasitism associated to severe pathological changes. All lymph nodes had conspicuous histological architecture alterations. Lymphocytes were replaced by macrophages stuffed with an intense number of amastigotes forms of Leishmania. The lymphoid nodules (without germinal centers and the mantle zones in the cortex that surround the follicles were markedly attenuated. Livers showed small intralobular granulomas composed by macrophages loaded with amastigotes. Spleens had an intense depression of the white pulp whereas the lymphocytes were replaced by parasitized macrophages. All fragments of different anatomical region of skin (ear, muzzle and abdomen showed a diffuse chronic inflammation. The cellular exudate was composed by macrophages, plasmocytes and lymphocytes. Macrophages loaded with amastigotes were ease found in all tissue fragments, but more intense in ear and muzzle. Thus, this fact enhances the importance of asymptomatic dogs in the epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis.Relata-se um quadro histológico caracterizado por lesões acentuadas em tecidos de um cão assintomático naturalmente infectado por Leishmania infantum (sin. chagasi. Cortes parafinados de fígado, baço, linfonodos (cervical, axilar e poplíteo e pele (orelha, espelho nasal e abdome foram corados pela técnica de hematoxilina-eosina e pela técnica imunoistoquímica de estreptoavidina-peroxidase para detecção de formas amastigotas de Leishmania. Os linfonodos

  10. 肾黏液样小管状和梭形细胞癌临床病理分析%Clinicopathologic analysis of mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma of kidney

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张梅; 孙琦; 王益华; 李志文; 周强

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To study the clinicopathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC) and to improve the recognition and diagnostic ability for MTSCC. Methods:Two patients with MTSCC of the kidney were retrospectively analyzed and relevant literatures were reviewed. Results:The tumors were histologically well-demarcated, composed of tightly packed, small and elongated tubular with pale mucinous stroma between tubules. The tumor cells were cube and spindle and displayed eosinophilic cytoplasm. The nucleus was round or oval and subtle atypia with indistinct nucleoli and rare mitosis. Scattered lymphocytes and plasmocytes were seen within the mucinous stroma. Immunohistochemically, cytokeratin 7(CK7), CK18, CK8/18 and vimentin were positive in the tumor cells;the label index of Ki-67 was less than 5%. Conclusion:MTSCC is a rare and low-grade malignant tumor of the kidney with indistinct histology and immunohistochemical type. It is helpful for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of MTSCC when the histologic features are identiifed.%目的:探讨肾黏液样小管状和梭形细胞癌(mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma,MTSCC)的临床病理学特征、诊断和鉴别诊断,提高对MTSCC的认识和诊断水平。方法:对2例MTSCC标本进行临床病理分析,并复习相关文献。结果:肿瘤与周围肾组织分界清楚,肿瘤由紧密排列的、小而狭长的小管构成,小管间为淡染的黏液样间质。肿瘤细胞呈立方形和梭形,肿瘤细胞胞质嗜酸性,细胞核圆形或卵圆形,异型性小,核仁不明显,核分裂像少见,在黏液性间质中可见散在淋巴细胞、浆细胞。免疫组织化学显示2例均表达细胞角蛋白(cytokeratin,CK)7,CK18, CK8/18和波形蛋白,Ki-67增殖指数<5%。结论:MTSCC是一种较罕见的低度恶性肿瘤,具有独特的组织学和免疫组织化学特征,明确该肿瘤的形

  11. Macroglobulinemia de Waldenström - remissão completa após tratamento com rituximabe Successful outcome in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia treated with rituximab

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    Flavia C. F. Pimenta

    2008-10-01

    blood. Waldenström's macroglobulinemia presents hypergammaglobulinemia with a monoclonal peak of serum proteins seen by electrophoresis, high IgM levels and other normal or diminished immunoglobulin levels, immunophenotyping with CD19+, CD20+ and CD24+ B lymphocytes aspirated from hypercellular bone marrow and hypercellular bone marrow biopsy with diffuse infiltration of lymphocytes, plasmocytoid lymphocytes and plasmocytes. Currently, monoclonal antibodies are successfully being used in the treatment of Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Rituximab, an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, has shown excellent results in the treatment of Waldenström's macroglobulinemia even for individuals who did not obtain satisfactory responses to conventional treatment. This work reports the case of a 78-year-old woman with a history of fatigue, asthenia, anorexia, somnolence, restlessness, urticaria, difficulties in walking, and excessive weight loss (approximately 22 Kg within a period of 5 months who was successfully treated using rituximab. The objective of this report is to present the case of this patient and to review current clinical and therapeutic aspects of the disease.

  12. Histological and morphometric investigations of changes induced by the RAL strain of Trypanosoma cruzi in the mouse placenta Investigações histológicas e morfométricas das alterações da placenta do camundongo causadas pela cepa RAL de Trypanosoma cruzi

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    Ana Amélia Carraro Abrahão

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Pregnant Swiss mice (Mus musculus were inoculated intraperitoneally with 2 x 10(5 trypomastigotes of the RAL strain of Trypanosoma cruzi on the 7th day of pregnancy and sacrificed on the 19th day of pregnancy. The placenta was sectioned for the assessment of histological and morphometric changes. The RAL strain showed intense tropism for the placenta, with parasitism reaching the three placental layers. There was involvement of the maternal and fetal portions of the placentas, and also of giant cells and spongioblasts. The placentas of infected animals presented sparse areas of degeneration and necrosis, with mild dystrophic calcification of the decidua. The inflammatory process consisted of plasmocytes and lymphocytes, revealing involvement of the decidua. Cytometric study of giant trophoblastic cells showed that the placentas of the infected group were seriously affected, also with respect to cell volume. The changes provoked by the RAL strain in the trophoblastic cells and the difference in behavior observed in the cell population of the various placental regions may affect intrauterine development, probably by a deficient production of hormones such as placental lactogen, which acts as a fetal growth hormone, or indirectly by deficient tissue invasion caused by inefficient utero-placental vascularization, thus impairing fetal nutrition.Camundongos suíços prenhes(Mus musculusforam inoculados, intraperitonealmente, com 2 x 10(5 tripomastigotas da cepa RAL de Trypanosoma cruzino 7º dia da prenhez e sacrificados no 19º dia da prenhez. Foram realizados cortes histológicos para avaliar as alterações histológicas e morfométricas das placentas. A cepa RAL mostrou intenso tropismo pela placenta, com parasitismo atingindo as três camadas placentárias. Houve envolvimento da parte materna e fetal das placentas, bem como das células gigantes e dos espongioblastos. As placentas dos animais infectados apresentaram escassas áreas de degenera

  13. Estudo de um foco de Leishmaniose muco-cutânea na Baixada Fluminense (Estado do Rio de Janeiro

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    F. Nery-Guimarães

    1955-05-01

    lesions (10,3%, 16 presented multiple lesions (41,0%, and 19 were female (48,7%. There was an absolute predominance of lesions on bare parts of the body. About one third of the cases were children of 10 years or less, confirming the intense domiciliary transmission. Some houses had 2 to 6 patients. On basis of informations furnished by the patients of by their relatives as to the time elapsed since the beginning of the infection, and admitting an incubation period of 2 months, it is possible to conclude that the great majority of infections probably occurred between July and December, coinciding with the great felling of trees already referred to. In 36 cases Montenegro's intradermo-reaction was made, with 2 doubtful and 34 positive results of variable intensity. Eighteen biopsies were made, the epidermis presenting hyperacanthosis, and frquently pseudoepitheliomatosis with corneous globules and micro-abscesses. The dermis showed two characteristic pictures: an infiltration with predominance of plasmocytes or a granulomatous lesion with epithelioid and giant cells. In general, granulomatosis occurred in older cases, isolated or associated to infiltration with plasmocytes. It seems that granulomatosis represents a hyperergic condition of the infected organism, as the patients who showed it had the disease for a longer time and reponded strongly to the intradermo-reaction. Leishmaniae were not numerous in sections. Three patients showed spontaneous cure. Twenty six patients were treated, 16 with tartar emetic, 4 with "fuadin" and 4 with both these drugs. Some of the patients treated with tartar showed toxic symptoms, although the results were as good as those obtained with "fuadin". Two patients with nasal mucous lesions were not cured, notwithstanding the use of both these drugs. Five years after this survey, muco-cutaneous leishmaniasis was absent from the region, probably as a consequence of several preiodical DDT house sprayings to combate malaria during the intervening

  14. 社会环境压力对中国树鼩血液学和骨髓象指标的影响%Effects of the social environment stress on the indexes of hematology and myelogram in Chinese tree shrews

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞发荣; 连秀珍

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The stress can induce sympathic nervous-adrenalmedulla system to release a lot of noradrenalin(NE) and adrenalin(E),pro mote bone marrow hemopoietic stem cells to differentiate towards lympho cyte and plasmocyte,decrease the number of granulocyte,thus organism can adapt to surrounding stress,so as to protect critical organs from damage. OBJECTIVE: To observe effect of confinement and vibration stress on in dexes of hematology and myelogram in Chinese tree shrews. DESIGN: Sex-marched and controlled experiment. MATERIALS: Thirty Chinese tree shrews (15 females, 15 males) weigh ing 120 g to 140 g were selected. Self-made experimental cylinders with many vent-holes, 16 cm length and 6cm inside diameter,were used, one side of which was sealed with plexglass,and the other side was blocked by mov able plexiglass for animals in and out.The air bath and homothermal vibra tor(Type SHZ-82,made in Changzhou,China). METHODS: The experiment was completed at the Experimental Center of Public Security, Gansu Political Science and Law Institute from March to October in 2003. ①Thirty Chinese tree shrews were randomly divided into five groups(n=6):The animals in the control group(C group) were fed nor mally; The experimental groups consisted of reserpine + vibration and vi bration groups. The animals in the reserpine + vibration (R+V)group were administered reserpine (0.05 mg/kg, im.) and vibrated at 140 beats/min; the vibration groups (V1,V2,V3) were vibrated at 70, 140, 210 beats/min, respectively. ② The animals in experimental groups were individually kept in the experimental tubes for 5 minutes, then put the tubes into the air bath and homothermal vibrator for 2 minutes. ③ The bleeding time, blood sedimentation, clotting time, and indexes of hemogram were determined with the methods of Duke, Westergren, glass capillary, and full-automatic biochemical instruments (type 721, Japan), respectively. ④ Dunnett ANO- VA was used to compare the differences between

  15. Pathological analysis of the segment of tibial giant cell tumor 1 year after the treatment by microwave hyperthermia: a case report and literature review%微波灭活治疗胫骨巨细胞瘤一年后瘤段病理分析(附一例报告并文献复习)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张余; 赵华福; 尹庆水; 夏虹; 柯晋; 陈炳旭; 徐亮; 张涛; 黄华杨; 蓝国波; 马立敏; 李梅

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of implanted microwave hyperiliermia of the segment for libial giant cell tumor after sugery and to explore the changes and regenerations of bone, cartilage and surrounding soft tissue as well as the characteristic of the site of re-fracture. Methods 1 case with tibia! Giant ceil tumor was treated by microwave hypcrthcrmia on tumor segment. After 1 year, pathological examination was carried out for tumor segment including detection sites of tibial plateau, patellar tendon attachment, soleus muscle attachment, broken ends of fracture bone and nub of osteotomy. Detection tissues included cartilage of joint, cortical bone, cancellous bone, regeneration vessels. Patellar tendon and so on. The relative literature was reviewed, analyzed and discussed. Results No obvious tumor ceil was found in the segment of the focus and surrounding tissue, while viable cbondrocytes were found on genicular articular surface and blood capillaries proliferation in cancellous bone under the cartilage showing endochondral ossification was going on was observed in tibia plateau, cortical bone lamella structure still existed and bone trabccula in the cancellous bone had complete structure. There were massive empty bone lacunas and cavity without bone cells. Necrosis of substances in meduJlary cavity happened, and the infiltration of lymphocytes and plasmocytes and hyperplasia of fibrohlasts and blood capillaries were found in some areas. Moreover, there were survival chondrocyies, blood capillaries and obvious revascularization closed to periosteum in soleus muscle attachment of posterior tibial plateau. Patellar tendon attachment: survival fibrobiasts in pateliar tendon attachment and calcified chondrocytes in the cortical bone below tendon were found. The site of re-fracture was the turning pointof the plate with a nail hole which was located at the distal end of bone cement and bone powder tilling. Conclusions For tibial gian ceil tumors, planted microwave

  16. 贝氏莫尼茨绦虫感染绵羊对小肠局部黏膜淋巴组织的影响%Effect of Moniezia benedeni on Local Mucosal Lymphoid Tissues of Small Intestine in Infected Sheep

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨祎程; 王雯慧; 祁珊珊; 何晚红; 扎西英派; 张旺东; 张林江

    2012-01-01

    To study the effect of Moniezia benedeni on local mucosal lymphoid tissues of small intestine in natural infected sheep, the intestinal tract of adult sheep (infected group) which natural infected by Moniezia benedeni were observed from macroscopic, microcosmic and sub-microcos-mic scales, and then compared with the normal ones (normal group). The results indicated that the average length of parasite in intestinal tract was 1. 5 m, and the scolex mainly absorbed in the place where there was abundant Peyer's patch of jejunum. Generally, the number of parasite was about 1-2. Opening the jejunum, it was easy to see that themucous membrane which lived by parasite increased thickness and was covered by many gray mucus, and there were also some punctuate hemorrhage on it. The results of microscope showed that the local mucosal epithelium was desquamate, and the number of epithelial cells, intraepithelial lymphocyte and goblet cells were all increased obviously under the integral mucosal epithelium; there were hyperemia in capillaries of lamina propria, and hyperplasia of lymphocyte, plasmocyte, diffuse lymphoid tissue and gobletcells of intestinal gland happened in different degree. There also had mortification in the part of intestinal gland in the place which located by scolex; under the mucous membrane, there was obvious hyperplasia in lymphatic nodules and Peyer's patch? And part of this hyperplasia that protruded into lamina propria could form some new dome areas; There were a great quantity of eosinophilic granulocytes infiltrated among lamina propria, mucosal substratum and mucosal layers. Under scanning electron microscope, the mucosal epithelium of intestine was desquamate in infected group; The scolex which was covered with layer of compact microvillus of Moniezia be-nedeni was ellipsoid and had four sucking disk but without rostellum and canaliculus. The findings suggested that the thickening of intestinal mucous membrane was mainly caused by hyperplasia of

  17. Atypical central nervous system Whipple's disease: a case report and review of the literature%不典型性中枢神经系统Whipple病:一例报告并文献复习

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱海蓉; 孟宇宏; 王巍; 卢德宏; 朴月善; 戚晓昆

    2011-01-01

    Objective To report the first case of central nervous system Whipple's disease (WD) with relatively good prognosis in China and present a brief review of central nervous system WD so as to improve the understanding of the diagnosis and treatment of this rare disease. Methods The clinical data of diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of one case of 35-year-old female was analysed in detail. Results Headache, hemiplesia and dementia were the main symptoms of this case and hypercranial pressure crisis occurred. During the course of disease, the patient successively presented paroxysmal extremity convulsion, right leg weakness, urinary incontinence, overeating, body mass increase. Despite of high dose of corticosteroid, penicillin and compound sulfamethoxazole were used, no effect was seen. Along with the increasing of intracranial pressure, cerebral hernia occurred. Cerebrospinal fluid examination indicated that glucose and chloride were normal while protein was obviously increased to 1700 mg/L. Electrocardiography (EEG) showed slow wave in right frontal and temporal lobes. Serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed mutiple long Ti and long T2 signals mainly in right cerebral hemisphere, frontal parietal temporal lobes, seraioval center and basal ganglion, with edema and irregular loose contrast and extended to left cerebral. Brain biopsy showed large pieces of necrosis at right fronto-temporal lobe with massive infiltration of lymphocytes and plasmocytes at perivascular and brain tissue, and exudation of glitter cells. Positive PAS and methenamine silver staining revealed bacterial particles inglitter cells. Central nervous systemtumor, demyelinating disease and inflammatory pseudotumor were excluded. Both clinical symptoms and neuroimging recovered well after regular antibiotic therapy.Conclusion Central nervous system WD is a rare disease with complicated symptoms and imaging characters challenging diagnosis and treatment. The pathological findings may only

  18. 带状疱疹急性期临床症状与皮损区病理性改变的相关性研究%Study on relationship between clinical symptoms and pathological changes in skin lesions of patients with herpes zoster in acute phase

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高月; 季凤清; 李彦平; 孙海梅; 张乐辉

    2013-01-01

    Objective To observe the relationship between clinical symptoms and pathological changes in skin lesions of patients with herpes zoster in acute phase, and the effect of early application of anti - inflammatory and immune therapy for skin lesions on the course of disease. Methods There were two stages in this study. In the first stage, skin tissues under herpes or in pain locations of 3 patients with definite diagnosis of herpes zoster were taken and prepared for conventional slices with HE staining and S -100 staining. Abnormal lymphocytes infiltration and nerve ending lesions in these sections were observed. In the second stage, 36 patients with herpes zoster in acute phase were randomly assigned to two groups. Patients in nerve block group ( n = 18 ) receiving subcutaneous block by injection of solution ( 10 ~ 15 ml in volume ) containing 0.3% li-docaine, 0. 5mg cobamamide and 40 mg methylprednisolone into skin where the most severe skin lesions or the most intense pain occurred from proximal to distal part according to the nerve distribution. Patients in medicine group ( n = 18 ) receiving conventional therapy by taking oral antiviral agents, vitamin B12, analgesics, and applying topical agents in skin lesions. The difference in duration of healing of skin lesions and reduction of pain intensity in the acute phase between these two different therapeutic methods was observed. Results Epidermal atrophy and partial basal cells liquidation were found in skin lesions. A moderate number of lymphoidocytes and plasmocytes were peripherally infiltrated the dO ermis and blood vessels. Mild edema was found in the superficial layer of dermis. Injured peripheral nerve, damaged axons, and infiltration of a small number of lymphocytes were observed in immunohistochemical staining sections. Patients with the same skin lesions had shorter time for incrustation in nerve block group than that of medicine group ( P 〈 0.05 ). Pain intensity of patients in nerve block group was

  19. Influence of nicotine on healing of vesical sutures in rabbits A influência da nicotina na cicatrização de suturas vesicais em coelhos

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    Christiano Machado

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To study the effects of nicotine on inflammatory cells, deposition of collagen and its interference on the strength of tissue in vesical sutures in rabbits. METHODS: Twenty New Zealand rabbits were used, randomized into two groups: group N, consisting of 10 animals, to which nicotine was administered in the dose of 2mg/kg of weight as a subcutaneous injection, diluted in 1ml of saline solution at 0.9% in a daily administration during the 28 days prior to the surgery; and group C, consisting of 10 animals, to which saline solution at 0.9% was administered in the same conditions and time intervals of the nicotine group. All the animals underwent cystotomy and suture of the bladder wall 28 days after the administration of nicotine or saline solution. The measurements were performed on the fourth and seventh day in each group after cystectomy and euthanasia of the animals. A fragment of bladder was removed and sent for a tensile strength test to evaluate the tissue strength and another fragment underwent a histological analysis of inflammatory process and deposition of collagen. RESULTS: There was a decrease of neutrophils on the fourth postoperative day (p=0.079 and an increase of plasmocytes on the seventh postoperative day (p=0.053 in the animals that were given nicotine, without statistical difference in relation to the control group. In the analysis of the proliferation of fibroblasts, deposition of collagen and tensile strength test, there was no statistical difference in relation to the control group. CONCLUSION: The administration of nicotine in rabbits did not influence the healing process of vesical suture in relation to the inflammatory cells, deposit of collagen and tissue strength of the suture.OBJETIVO: Estudar os efeitos da nicotina sobre as células inflamatórias, deposição de colágeno e sua interferência sobre a força tecidual em suturas vesicais de coelhos. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 20 coelhos Nova Zel

  20. 胆道内镜对肝移植术后胆管损伤变化的观察%Diagnosis and treatment of biliary injury after orthotopic liver transplantation with choledochofibroscope

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨玉龙; 张宝善; 冯秋实; 谭文翔

    2010-01-01

    Objective To provide information and assistance for research of bile duct injury in OLT through endoscopic observation and treatment of biliary complications after liver transplantation.Methods After OLT, all the cases in normal group, bile duct injury group and hepatic artery injury group were observed, diagnosed and recorded respectively. Meanwhile, the biopsy was performed through the endoscopy for pathological examination. For those cases without T tube, the biopsy was conducted by choledochoscopy in combination with duodenoscopy. Results The exterior and interior bile duct anatomy of the 9 cases in the normal group was normal. They had no bile duct stenosis and scar, their bile duct mucous membrane looked good and the anastomosis of the donor-receptor bile duct healed well. Restored mucous tissue coating with intact epithelium was found by pathological examination. Fibrous tissue and small vascular proliferation happened under epithelium scattered with plasmocyte and lymphocyte. Various kinds of bile duct stones-simple, multiple and casting mould type, were found in 12 cases with bile duct injury. Bile duet mucous membrane injured in different degrees was repaired after stone removed and obstruction relieved by endoscope. Bile duct tree becoming normal was seen by pacification examination. Three cases in the hepatic injury group had bile duct ischemic necrosis, losing of normal structure without bile duct wall and mucous membrane. Conclusion Bile ducts are injured in different degrees in OLT. The choledochofibroscopy is of the first choice for diagnosis and treatment of complications after OLT.%目的 对原位肝移植术后胆道并发症进行内镜观察和治疗,为肝移植胆管损伤机制的研究提供参考和帮助.方法 利用胆道内镜技术,对肝移植术后正常组、胆管损伤组、肝动脉损伤组的病例进行观察,内镜下取活检进行病理分析.对于无T管者,应用子母胆道镜进行.结果 正常的9例肝内外胆

  1. Clinicopathological analysis of hepatic inflammatory angiomyolipoma%肝脏炎症型血管平滑肌脂肪瘤临床病理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石怀银; 韦立新; 孙璐; 邰艳红; 王玉兰; 郭爱桃; 赵景民

    2011-01-01

    epithelioid myocytes, irregular thick-walled blood vessels and adipose tissue in different proportion. A prominent infiltration of inflammatory cells,including lymphocytes, plasmocytes and histiocytes, in the background was noted in all cases. No obvious atypia and mitotic figure, and no hemorrhage, necrosis and cystic degeneration were noted in the tumor cells. It was immunohistochemically revealed that the tuner cells of all the 5 patients were positive in HMB-45, Melan-A, SMA and VLrnentin, while negative in CD21, CE3S, CK18, CK19, hepatocyte paraffin-1, AFP, EMA and CK. All the patients were undergone local hepatectomy without recurrence during a 3 to 9 years follow-up.Conclusion Inflarmanatory hepatic AML is one of the sub-types of AML, demonstrating a similar benign biologic behavior with classical AML.

  2. Mieloma múltiplo: características clínicas e laboratoriais ao diagnóstico e estudo prognóstico Multiple myeloma: clinical and laboratory characteristics in the diagnosis and prognostic study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta O. Paula e Silva

    2009-04-01

    ádio II e apenas 6 (5,9% no estádio I ao diagnóstico. Utilizando a classificação do Sistema Internacional de Estadiamento (ISS obtiveram-se 22 (30,1% pacientes no estádio III, 31 (42,5% no estádio II e 20 (27,4% no estádio I ao diagnóstico. Sobrevida global média foi de 66,52 meses, com mediana de seguimento de 20 meses. Na análise univariada foram significantes: creatinina (p=0,006, hemoglobina (p=0,001, estadiamento de Durie & Salmon (p=0,009 e ISS (p=0,014; e na multivariada somente a hemoglobina (p=0,012 correlacionou-se à sobrevida. A maior parte dos pacientes apresentava estádio clínico avançado ao diagnóstico com repercussão na sobrevida.Multiple myeloma (MM is characterized by plasmocyte expansion in the bone marrow and the production of monoclonal immunoglobulin, causing bone destruction, renal failure, hematopoietic suppression and infections. Identification of clinical and laboratory factors in the diagnosis are important to predict survival. The Dürie/Salmon staging system, used for the disease, is based on the correlation of clinical and laboratory parameters on tumoral mass. Studies of the combination of β2 microglobulin and albumin resulted in a simple staging system, known as the International Staging System (ISS, which is currently being used. The objectives of this work were to analyze clinical and laboratory characteristics in the diagnosis of MM patients and a study of survival. A non-competitive cohort study was performed of 101 MM patients attended in the Hematology Service/Hospital das Clínicas-UFMG who were diagnosed in the period of April 1994 to October 2006.A descriptive analysis of the characteristics at diagnosis and a study of survival were made. The descriptive analysis was achieved using the Kaplan-Meier technique and the Log-Rank test utilized for a comparison of survival curves. The Cox regression test was used for multivariate analysis. The average age of the patients was 63 years, 47.5% were men and 52.5% women, with