WorldWideScience

Sample records for planning rural

  1. Calfornia General Plans Rural

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — We undertook creating the first ever seamless statewide General Plan map for California. All county general plans and many city general plans were integrated into 1...

  2. Mechanisms of power in participatory rural planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Pia Heike; Chandler, Thomas Lund

    2015-01-01

    by the urban privilege to define the rural qualities and creation of local conflicts and that mechanisms of power that cause such unintended outcomes of rural planning projects should be uncovered. Inspired by Foucault's interpretation of power the paper carries out a grounded theory inspired analysis......This paper explores the specific mechanisms of power in participatory rural planning projects. It follows up on suggestions in planning literature about directing focus at the relational level in the assessment of power, rather than on who has power and who doesn't. The paper argues...... of a Danish rural participatory planning project. The paper concludes that rural planning literature and analysis will benefits from paying attention to the three – in rural participatory planning projects – specific mechanisms of power ‘Institutionalising knowledge and competencies’; ‘Structuring...

  3. Mechanisms of power in participatory rural planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Pia Heike; Chandler, Thomas Lund

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the specific mechanisms of power in participatory rural planning projects. It follows up on suggestions in planning literature about directing focus at the relational level in the assessment of power, rather than on who has power and who doesn't. The paper argues...... by the urban privilege to define the rural qualities and creation of local conflicts and that mechanisms of power that cause such unintended outcomes of rural planning projects should be uncovered. Inspired by Foucault's interpretation of power the paper carries out a grounded theory inspired analysis...... of a Danish rural participatory planning project. The paper concludes that rural planning literature and analysis will benefits from paying attention to the three – in rural participatory planning projects – specific mechanisms of power ‘Institutionalising knowledge and competencies’; ‘Structuring...

  4. Department of Rural and Urban Planning, University

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2016-12-14

    Accepted: December 14, 2016. Department of Rural and Urban Planning, University of Zimbabwe .... planning, The maps on URL: ... system that provide answers to many questions concerning any .... required and make a layout or export the.

  5. Planning Schools for Rural Communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harmon, Hobart; Howley, Craig; Smith, Charles; Dickens, Ben

    School improvement in rural places cannot succeed without attention to the rural context of learning. Most especially, smaller schools need to be preserved and sustained in rural areas, particularly impoverished communities, for the sake of student achievement and personal development. This school improvement tool suggests the character of a "good…

  6. Rural Medicare Advantage Plan Payment in 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemper, Leah; Barker, Abigail R; McBride, Timothy D; Mueller, Keith

    2015-12-01

    Payment to Medicare Advantage (MA) plans was fundamentally altered in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA). MA plans now operate under a new formula for county-level payment area benchmarks, and in 2012 began receiving quality-based bonus payments. The Medicare Advantage Quality Bonus Payment Demonstration expanded the bonus payments to most MA plans through 2014; however, with the end of the demonstration bonus payments has been reduced for intermediate quality MA plans. This brief examines the impact that these changes in MA baseline payment are having on MA plans and beneficiaries in rural and urban areas. Key Data Findings. (1) Payments to plans in rural areas were 3.9 percent smaller under ACA payment policies in 2015 than they would have been in the absence of the ACA. For plans in urban areas, the payments were 8.8 percent smaller than they would have been. These figures were determined using hypothetical pre-ACA and actual ACA-mandated benchmarks for 2015. (2) MA plans in rural areas received an average annual bonus payment of $326.77 per enrollee in 2014, but only $63.76 per enrollee in 2015, with the conclusion of the demonstration. (3) In 2014, 92 percent of rural MA beneficiaries were in a plan that received quality-based bonus payments under the demonstration, while in March 2015, 56 percent of rural MA beneficiaries were in a plan that was eligible for quality-based bonus payments.

  7. On Responsibility Space of Urban and Rural Planning Administration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Urban and rural planning concerns the rational utilization of urban and rural land as well as natural resources,which aims at the physical environment of urban and rural construction.In order to better define the urban and rural planning competence of government

  8. Sustainable Land Use Planning and Planning of Rural Road Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jaarsma, C.F.

    2000-01-01

    To provide for peoples needs in the future, further improvements of the road network are a necessity. Simultaneously, harmful effects of this network on both local inhabitants and the flora and fauna become more penetrating. So, sustainable land use planning creates a great challenge for rural road

  9. 7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Financing rural development planning. 22.306 Section 22.306 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities of State Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to...

  10. El sector rural y el plan de desarrollo The rural sector in the Development Plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Machado C. Absalón

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available El diagnostico del Plan de desarrollo sobre los problemas rurales desconoce los avances logrados por la Mision Rural durante 1996-1997 en la precision de la problematica rural y el las propuestas para resolverla. El diagnostico es muy parcial y de corte economicista y sus propuestas son imprecisas e insuficientes. No profundiza el analisis de las causa de la crisis y se limita a aceptar los hechos. Menciona diversos temas como -financiacion del sector rural, reforma agraria, pobreza y desarrollo rural, investigacion y transferencia de tecnologia, problematica social y de desarrollo institucional- pero no los desarrolla y no aclara a los actores cual sera el horizonte en deben actuar, de modo que sus expectativas sobre el futuro y sus desiciones de inversion estaran llenos de incertidumbre.The diagnosis of rural problems in the Development Plan ignores the advanees achieved by the Rural Mission in 1996-1997 in the specification of the rural problematic and in the proposals to resolve it. The diagnosis is very partial and economistic and its proposals are imprecise and insufficient. It does not analyze in depth the causes of the crisis and is limited to accepting the facts. It mentions diverse topics -financing of the rural sector, agrarian reform, poverty and rural development, research and technology transfer, social problems and institutional development- but it does not develop them and does not clarify for the actors involved in what horizon they must act, and therefore their expectations about the future and their investment decisions will be full of uncertainty.

  11. Application of Interval Algorithm in Rural Power Network Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Zhuomu; ZHAO Yulin

    2009-01-01

    Rural power network planning is a complicated nonlinear optimized combination problem which based on load forecasting results, and its actual load is affected by many uncertain factors, which influenced optimization results of rural power network planning. To solve the problems, the interval algorithm was used to modify the initial search method of uncertainty load mathematics model in rural network planning. Meanwhile, the genetic/tabu search combination algorithm was adopted to optimize the initialized network. The sample analysis results showed that compared with the certainty planning, the improved method was suitable for urban medium-voltage distribution network planning with consideration of uncertainty load and the planning results conformed to the reality.

  12. Social Services Planning in Rural Areas: A Theoretical Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djarot S. Widyatmoko

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the comprehensive and integrated rural development concept has been considered as the right approach in order to combat the root of rural poverty. By its main concern on area planning, i. e. the availability of planning apparatus at local (regional level, comprehensive local (rural resource analysis, and multi-disciplinary approach, it is expected that the weakneses of centralized planning which, among others, concentrates on economic growth can be reduced or even eliminated. This paper tries to explain the place of social service planning in the rural development concept above. The approach used is by discussing the place of service planning in the national development policies; collective decision making system, especially related to planning procedure and process; and social service problems in rural areas.

  13. Low Impact Development Intensive Rural Construction Planning in Xu Fu Village Ningbo, China: Planning Review through Rural Resilience Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roosmayri Lovina Hermaputi

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Xu Fu Village Ningbo LID Intensive Rural Construction Planning is a cooperation project between Zhejiang University and Ningbo Institute of Technology which named "12th Five-Year National Science and Technology support program-the comprehensive demonstration of the key technology of the beautiful rural construction in the rapid urbanization area of the Yangtze River Delta". This plan focuses on intensive rural construction as part of rural development and construction project that applies the principles of low impact development. Xu Fu Village located in the Yangtze River Delta Region. Currently, the rural growth brings the high impact of development, as a result of rapid urbanization growth arising several issues, such as low land use efficiency, dispersed rural residence, homestead occupies more, rural roads covering over, etc. Meanwhile, Xu Fu village wishes to develop its tourism potential. Thus, the intensive rural construction should be done to avoid the severe effect. The project result hopefully can improve the quality and level of rural residential planning, design, and construction; improve their living environment; save construction land and water use; and improve energy efficiency. The aim of this study is to review the Low Impact Development (LID Intensive Rural Construction in Xu Fu Village, Ningbo City through the rural resilience perspective. This paper will describe the project plan first, then review it through rural resilience perspective. This paper will elaborate the rural resilience theory and then review the rural resiliency through two parts; the first part is identifying rural resilience in rural infrastructure development based on the criteria created by Ayyob S. and Yoshiki Y. (2014, about urban resiliency criteria, and then the second part is reviewing Xu Fu Village resilience through Arup Resilience Qualities (2012, considering three rural resilience domain (economy, ecology, and cultural.

  14. Rural Transformation and Planning Tactics in the 13th Five-Year Plan Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Luo; Xiaolong; Xu; Xiao; Li; Min

    2016-01-01

    Rural development has long been the focus of China’s central and local governments. Since the late 2000 s, rural areas have presented new transformation features and development trends. To stimulate rural transformation and development in the 13 th Five-Year Plan period, this paper reviews major ideas on rural development in related disciplines. This study also summarizes main rural transformation features, including the aging population, hollow villages, changes in the allocation of land resource, semi-urbanization, and regional differences in rural development. Finally, it also provides suggestions for planning tactics in the 13 th Five-Year Plan period, such as making differentiated rural development strategies, exploring new methods to stimulate rural stock land planning and use, and enforcing relevant policy and management reforms.

  15. Research on the Evaluation System for Rural Public Safety Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming; SUN; Jianxin; YAN

    2014-01-01

    The indicator evaluation system is introduced to the study of rural public safety planning in this article.By researching the current rural public safety planning and environmental carrying capacity,we select some carrying capacity indicators influencing the rural public safety,such as land,population,ecological environment,water resources,infrastructure,economy and society,to establish the environmental carrying capacity indicator system.We standardize the indicators,use gray correlation analysis method to determine the weight of indicators,and make DEA evaluation of the indicator system,to obtain the evaluation results as the basis for decision making in rural safety planning,and provide scientific and quantified technical support for rural public safety planning.

  16. Defining "Rural" for Veterans' Health Care Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Alan N.; Lee, Richard E.; Shambaugh-Miller, Michael D.; Bair, Byron D.; Mueller, Keith J.; Lilly, Ryan S.; Kaboli, Peter J.; Hawthorne, Kara

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) devised an algorithm to classify veterans as Urban, Rural, or Highly Rural residents. To understand the policy implications of the VHA scheme, we compared its categories to 3 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and 4 Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCA) geographical categories. Method: Using…

  17. Attitude of Women towards Family Planning in Selected Rural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Attitude of Women towards Family Planning in Selected Rural Communities of Ibadan. ... African Journal for the Psychological Study of Social Issues ... what ever method will be used to space or limit the number of children they will have.

  18. Succession Planning: A Necessary Strategy for Rural School Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallin, Dawn C.

    2001-01-01

    Succession planning focuses on anticipated future administrative positions, the expected skill requirements of those positions, and developing potential candidates to fill the positions. Although succession planning is basically a business oriented model, it seems appropriate for rural educational settings. Strategies for implementing succession…

  19. Awareness, Use, and Unmet Need for Family Planning in Rural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJRH Managing Editor

    Awareness, Use, and Unmet Need for Family Planning in Rural ... India in the number of maternal deaths1,2. In ... for International Development of the United .... households within each selected community were ..... preaching sessions, radio jingles, and television ... stakeholders on the challenges documented here.

  20. Strategic plans provide lasting solutions to rural crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folger, J C

    1990-04-01

    Strapped for money and time, many rural hospitals could be tempted by temporary fixes to their financial struggles. Strategic planning helps develop a broader, long-range blueprint for survival. Its steps include making financial evaluations of services; undertaking market and patient origin studies; assessing competitors; involving community leaders; and defining possibilities for joint projects and facility mergers.

  1. Remote sensing for rural development planning in Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunford, C.; Mouat, D. A.; Norton-Griffiths, M.; Slaymaker, D. M.

    1983-01-01

    Multilevel remote-sensing techniques were combined to provide land resource and land-use information for rural development planning in Arusha Region, Tanzania. Enhanced Landsat imagery, supplemented by low-level aerial survey data, slope angle data from topographic sheets, and existing reports on vegetation and soil conditions, was used jointly by image analysts and district-level land-management officials to divide the region's six districts into land-planning units. District-planning officials selected a number of these land-planning units for priority planning and development activities. For the priority areas, natural color aerial photographs provided detailed information for land-use planning discussions between district officials and villagers. Consideration of the efficiency of this remote sensing approach leads to general recommendations for similar applications. The technology and timing of data collection and interpretation activities should allow maximum participation by intended users of the information.

  2. Plan de viabilidad de una casa rural

    OpenAIRE

    Nieto González, Óscar

    2011-01-01

    Este proyecto consiste en la puesta en marcha de una casa rural en la localidad de Argés, próxima a la ciudad de Toledo, se llamará “La Casona de Argés”, la casa tendrá 4 habitaciones dobles y una suite, todas ellas con cuarto de baño y además de las estancias habituales como cocina y salón dispondrá de un semisótano destinado a zona de juegos, una piscina, y una amplia parcela acondicionada para juegos y disfrute de los huéspedes. El negocio va estar enfocado a un público que viaje con niños...

  3. Effects of rural-urban return migration on women's family planning and reproductive health attitudes and behavior in rural China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jiajian; Liu, Hongyan; Xie, Zhenming

    2010-03-01

    This study examines the effects of rural-urban return migration on women's family planning and reproductive health attitudes and behavior in the sending areas of rural China. Based on data from a survey of rural women aged 16-40 in Sichuan and Anhui Provinces in 2000, our study finds that migrant women returning from cities to the countryside, especially those who have been living in a large city, are more likely than nonmigrant women to adopt positive family planning and reproductive health attitudes and behavior in their rural communities of origin. We find, moreover, that living in a rural community where the prevalence of such return migrant women is higher is positively associated with new fertility and gender attitudes and with knowledge of self-controllable contraceptives. The findings of significant rural-urban return-migration effects have important policy implications for shaping family planning and reproductive health attitudes and behaviors in rural China.

  4. Construction Planning For The Next Generation Of Rural Coastal India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Selvamuthukumar

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Construction activities in the rural coast is a typical phenomenon which involves social, psychological, economical, environmental, geological, political, global, national as well as local issues of concern. Safe reconstruction for the rural coastal community after the 2004 devastating tsunami was the common will of all the twelve affected countries. In the subsequent tsunami of 2011, Japan experienced a multiple disasters and could not be able to manage things. It was proved by many factors like lack of land use planning, quality of construction, provision of basic amenities, health and total safety for Indian Tsunami reconstruction. Therefore, scientific and technological based approach only can give a better solution. For a developing country like India, having more rural based communities, the problem is serious and it becomes necessary to have the construction activities with a control system to achieve a permanently safer system. The problem is also aggravated for the next decade invited by the expected sea level rise and global warming issues, scarcity of water and other essential construction materials and shortage of conventional power production. This paper brings out the concept of providing an appropriate planning for the overall safe reconstruction in the rural east coast of India for the next generation.

  5. Cultivating men's interest in family planning in rural El Salvador.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundgren, Rebecka I; Gribble, James N; Greene, Margaret E; Emrick, Gail E; de Monroy, Margarita

    2005-09-01

    A pilot project in rural El Salvador tested the integration of family planning into a water and sanitation program as a strategy for increasing male involvement in family planning decison making and use. The organizations involved posited that integrating family planning into a resource management and community development project would facilitate male involvement by diffusing information, by referring men and women to services, and by expanding method choice to include the new Standard Days Method through networks established around issues men cared about and were already involved in. This article examines data from a community-based household survey to assess the impact of the intervention and finds significant changes in contraceptive knowledge, attitudes, and behavior from baseline to endline. Because the differences between baseline and endline are greater than the differences between participants and nonparticipants at endline, the study demonstrates the power of informal networks for spreading information.

  6. Measures for Improving Laws and Regulations of Local Urban-Rural Plan Formulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Geng; Huizhi; Zhao; Pengcheng; Shen; Danfeng; Li; Min

    2015-01-01

    Recently there have emerged some problems in the process of plan formulation, an important part in urban-rural planning, such as public participation deficiency, insufficient control of plan adjustment and revision, unscientific plan formulation, problems in the review and approval procedure, lagging plan adjustment and amendment, etc. To deal with these issues, this paper puts forward a proposal to regulate the procedure of urban-rural plan formulation from the perspective of the legal and regulatory spirit, entity, procedure, and legislation and to improve the laws and regulations of urban-rural planning, so as to provide a technical and legal support for urban-rural integration and the harmonious development of urban and rural areas.

  7. Educational Planning Methodology for the Integrated Development of Rural Areas. Reports Studies... S.83.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    A summary of educational planning methodologies tested in Argentina, Guatemala, Brazil, Ecuador, and Bolivia, the document offers opinions and proposals about integrated rural development. Integrated rural development is seen as a social, economic, political, and cultural process in rural areas, designed to improve living conditions. Chapters…

  8. Experience of the Checkerboard Area Health System in planning for rural health care.

    OpenAIRE

    1982-01-01

    The design of rural health care delivery systems often is based on concepts obtained from urban models. The implicit planning premises of successful urban models, however, may be inappropriate for many rural systems. An alternative model planned and implemented in the checkerboard region of rural northwest New Mexico has proved to be successful. This experience may be helpful to health care policymakers and planners confronted with environments that are not congruent with typical urban settin...

  9. Rural tourism development planning in Kohgiluye and Boyerahmad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoud Safari Aliakbari

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Boost tourism and travel, national, regional andinternational tourism industry is called today, it will be remembered, theresult of fulfilling this need of rest and recreation. Attention to ruraltourism, especially in Third World countries, it is necessary and vital. Ruraltourism, on the one hand, providing new opportunities for many of the rural, asa device which, again, gives life to rural communities , the development ofthese areas, and these settlements, the firm maintains there. Among the factorsaffecting the industry, and in general, life, health and welfare of humans,climate can be noted. The study also estimated the level of climate comfortKohgiluyehBoyerAhmad, has been adjusted . Since the province has a lot ofcharm, culturally-historical, natural, and in particular, the first toenumerate some of these attractions, then introduce the objective of ruraltourism in the province , which has a very great interest are mentioned. Then,to estimate climate comfort in the province, were studied, and the datarequired for this purpose (temperature and humidity weather sites, extract,and index Terjung, to estimate the comfort day or night, these two regions,polished, and using the software Gis, the zoning climate comfort conditions,action was taken. According to Statements of the above, should said that, Theaim of this study is Rural Tourism Development Planning in Kohgiluye andBoyerahmad. Our results indicate that, in tropical area, providing comfortconditions daily, two months of November and March, and during the night, inthe months of June, July, August and September, there, in the cold, terms ofdaily comfort in the two months of May and October, and comfort at night, thereare not any Month, and tourists must travel to the provinces, and enjoy thebeautiful countryside, these cases are considered.

  10. Exploration on Detailed Control Planning Under Urban-Rural Planning Law:A Case Study on Wuhan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the planning practice in Wuhan after the Urban-Rural Planning Law was implemented in 2008,this paper reviews the evolution of detailed control planning in China,and addresses its main problems and conflicts.The innovation of the hierarchical planning and administration system is discussed,and the administrative measures for the transition period in which the detailed control plans have not yet been made for all the urban areas is proposed.

  11. Why do so few HMOs offer Medicare risk plans in rural areas?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serrato, C; Brown, R S; Bergeron, J

    1995-01-01

    Only 17 of the 38 health maintenance organizations (HMOs) that have Medicare risk contracts and offer coverage to commercial clients in rural counties include the rural counties in their Medicare plan service areas. Rural counties in which HMOs offer Medicare coverage have higher average adjusted average per capita costs (AAPCCs), larger populations, and more physicians per capita than rural counties excluded by risk plans. Interviewed plans cite low and erratic AAPCCs, scarcity of potential enrollees, lack of negotiating power with physicians, and adverse selection as drawbacks in rural areas. Proposed changes to the payment methodology would probably lead HMOs to increase their Medicare offerings in urban fringe areas, but not in isolated rural areas.

  12. Development of a nurse case management service: a proposed business plan for rural hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Marsha Howell; Crow, Carolyn S

    2005-01-01

    The nurse case management service (NCMS) for rural hospitals is an entrepreneurial endeavor designed to provide rural patients with quality, cost-effective healthcare. This article describes the development of an NCMS. A detailed marketing and financial plan, a review of industry trends, and the legal structure and risks associated with the development of the venture are presented. The financial plan projects a minimum savings of 223,200 dollars for rural institutions annually. To improve quality and reduce cost for rural hospitals, the authors recommend implementation of an NCMS.

  13. Overall Planning of Development of Urban-Rural Areas:A Policy Mechanism for Urban-Rural Coordinated Growth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Jin

    2004-01-01

    While analyzing overall planning and coordinated development of urban-rural areas, this paper shows that overall planning for the development of urban-rural areas is a requirement for the best use of productive forces. It means the setting up of a policy mechanism for coordinated growth.Recognizing this, the government should set up a way to lead and manage a unified program to increase service and decrease controlling administration power,while safeguarding and fulfilling the farmers' ownership to the means of production.

  14. Protection Planning for Rural Centralized Drinking Water Source Areas in Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Protection planning is made for rural centralized drinking water source areas according to current situations of rural drinking water and existing problems of centralized drinking water source areas in Chongqing,and in combination with survey,analysis and evaluation of urban-rural drinking water source areas in whole city.There are engineering measures and non-engineering measures,to guarantee drinking water security of rural residents,improve rural ecological environment,realize sustainable use of water resource,and promote sustainable development of society.Engineering measures include conservation and protection of water resource,ecological restoration,isolation,and comprehensive control of pointsource and area-source pollution.Non-engineering measures include construction of monitoring system for drinking water source area,construction of security information system for rural centralized drinking water source area,and construction of emergency mechanism for water pollution accidents in rural water source areas.

  15. Planning and Providing End-of-life Care in Rural Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Donna M.; Justice, Christopher; Sheps, Sam; Thomas, Roger; Reid, Pam; Leibovici, Karen

    2006-01-01

    Context: Approximately 20% of North Americans and 25% of Europeans reside in rural areas. Planning and providing end-of-life (EOL) care in rural areas presents some unique challenges. Purpose: In order to understand these challenges, and other important issues or circumstances, a literature search was conducted to assess the state of science on…

  16. Land use planning in the Netherlands; finding a balance between rural development and protection of the environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vlist, van der M.J.

    1998-01-01

    In the Netherlands rural development is subjected to several forms of planning. Three planning systems exist: spatial planning, environmental planning and water management. However, the origins of these systems cannot be found in problems of rural development, but in the problems of urbanization and

  17. Constructing a Practice-Oriented Education System of Urban-Rural Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yin; Jie; Luo; Xiaolong; Zhang; Qingfei

    2015-01-01

    As China’s urbanization accelerates, there is an increasing demand for urban-rural planning at both national and local levels, making it become an independent fi rst-level discipline. Currently in China, the teaching and research system of urban-rural planning is facing some problems like the uneven education level among various universities, improper knowledge system that hardly meets the actual social demands, and insufficient theoretical research. This article argues that, in order to train qualif ied planners capable of satisfying socio-economic development and urbanrural construction, the teaching and research system of urban-rural planning should be practice-oriented and meet social needs. The healthy development of urban-rural planning discipline should be based on the mutual promotion of teaching and research system.

  18. Planning criteria for rural sub-transmission systems; Criterios para la planificacion del sistema de subtransmision rural

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barrios, G.; Yanez, F.; Mazzacan, L. [Compania Anonima de Administracion y Fomento Electrico (CADAFE), Caracas (Venezuela)

    1986-12-31

    This paper shows the main technical criteria of the Venezuelan Energy Enterprise in planning of its rural power transmission system. This methodology shows the criteria for establish the system expansion requirements and the technological and economical alternatives for the system expansion. 3 figs., 6 refs.

  19. Accounting for vulnerable populations in rural hazard mitigation plans: results of a survey of emergency managers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horney, Jennifer A; Nguyen, Mai; Cooper, John; Simon, Matthew; Ricchetti-Masterson, Kristen; Grabich, Shannon; Salvesen, David; Berke, Philip

    2013-01-01

    Rural areas of the United States are uniquely vulnerable to the impacts of natural disasters. One possible way to mitigate vulnerability to disasters in rural communities is to have a high-quality hazard mitigation plan in place. To understand the resources available for hazard mitigation planning and determine how well hazard mitigation plans in rural counties meet the needs of vulnerable populations, we surveyed the lead planning or emergency management official responsible for hazard mitigation plans in 96 rural counties in eight states in the Southeastern United States. In most counties, emergency management was responsible for implementing the county's hazard mitigation plan and the majority of counties had experienced a presidentially declared disaster in the last 5 years. Our research findings demonstrated that there were differences in subjective measures of vulnerability (as reported by survey respondents) and objective measures of vulnerability (as determined by US Census data). In addition, although few counties surveyed included outreach to vulnerable groups as a part of their hazard mitigation planning process, a majority felt that their hazard mitigation plan addressed the needs of vulnerable populations "well" or "very well." These differences could result in increased vulnerabilities in rural areas, particularly for certain vulnerable groups.

  20. Land use planning in the Netherlands; finding a balance between rural development and protection of the environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van der Vlist, M.J. [Department of Physical Planning and Rural Development, Agricultural University Wageningen, Generaal Foulkesweg 13, Wageningen 6703 BJ (Netherlands)

    1998-06-15

    In the Netherlands rural development is subjected to several forms of planning. Three planning systems exist: spatial planning, environmental planning and water management. However, the origins of these systems cannot be found in problems of rural development, but in the problems of urbanization and industrialization. The planning systems can be seen as reactions to different aspects of these societal processes. The physical environment of rural areas as a joint object of planning is a new phenomenon. Integrating rural development and the problems linked to it such as nonpoint pollution by agriculture, in the systems of planning, mentioned before, turned out to be a difficult task. New regional strategies emerged to tackle this problem: ammonia reduction plans and the blue-knit strategy. Both strategies offer an interesting perspective in finding a balance between rural development and protection of the physical environment

  1. Association of Being Bullied in School with Suicide Ideation and Planning among Rural Middle School Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatta, Madhav P.; Shakya, Sunita; Jefferis, Eric

    2014-01-01

    Background: This study examined the association of ever being bullied in school with suicide ideation (ever thinking about killing oneself) and ever seriously making a plan to kill oneself (suicide planning) among rural middle school adolescents. Methods: Using the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Middle School Youth Risk Behavior…

  2. Family planning is the first and most important step for rural development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokarapong, T

    1983-12-01

    Mahasarakham province in Thailand has adopted family planning as its primary development policy. Although not a new issue, family planning until now has been largely ignored by most government sectors. Most consider family planning to be the sole responsibility of the Ministry of Public Ealth (MOPH), and this is why family planning has not been as successful as it should be. Discussion covers the general problem (rapid population increase, limited arable land, productivity, social and economic development, and deforestation), problems of family planning in the past (trained personnel and accessibility and government sectors ignoring or hindering family planning programs), integrated rural development (motivation, mobilizing teamwork, the integrated approach, mobile medical team, family planning for both the rich and the poor, and emphasis on vasectomy and IUD), objectives of the family planning program, and implementation. Mahasarakham uses an integrated rural development approach that emphasizes 9 development components: family planning, fisheries development, vegetable growing, water purification, rice banks, soy beans, using anchovies for natural fish sauce, insect extermination by electricity, and fuel from rice banks. All of these components contribute to the development of a better quality of rural life. The major problem is population growth, which at 1.8% remains high. Mahasarakham will promote the family planning program as the top priority, and this service will be brought to the people. The objectives of the family planning program are: to reduce the population growth rate Mahasarakham to zero growth within 2-3 years: to provide access to family planning services to all people in Mahasarakham; to educate people about family planning to increase its acceptance: to initiate a proper rural development program in Mahasarakham; and to promote intergovernmental cooperation by means of the integrated approach, which will have good results in later rural

  3. Ecological Capability of Land Use Planning for Rural Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Nouri

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Execution of development and creation of appropriate points for rural development without considering ecological capability will result in the appearance of several environmental, economic and social problems. This research is done in an analysis approach frame of a system with the aim of choosing the most suitable location for rural development in Abadeh with an area of 22,000 km2. In 2002 by applying geographic information system (GIS precious tools. Based on the above objective, ecological resources of concerned area were recognized and surveyed. The obtained data changed into digital figures and together with the other descriptive data were shifted to Arc/Info and Arcview systems for the purpose of creation of data base. Based on specific ecological models of Iran and special conditions of the area and by using structured query language (SQL in Arcview, the ecological capability of concerned area for rural development was determined. By considering current natural limitations, such as limited severe earthquake danger in central areas, limitation of flood danger in some of the central and western areas, development of evaporating deposits and salt domes in east and precipitation under 500mm in the studied area, no suitable place for the first grade rural development was found. However, it showed capability for second-grade rural development aspect. This area includes 3.8% of total area of the studied place. For improving present management in the studied region, it is recommended that in future development of the region, offered appropriated points while emphasizing on the land having low production capability to be considered.

  4. The origins of Dutch rural planning: a study of the early history of land consolidation in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brink, van den A.; Molema, A.M.

    2008-01-01

    This article explores the institutional and organizational foundations of rural planning in the Netherlands. The key objective of the study was to understand the background to and determining factors in the development of land consolidation (ruilverkaveling) as an instrument of rural planning. Dutch

  5. Medically Serious Suicide Attempters With or Without Plan in Rural China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Long; Zhang, Jie

    2016-11-01

    Although previous studies have discussed the risk factors of unplanned suicide behavior in several countries, the unplanned suicide attempt in China was not explored in a large sample. We aim to look into the characteristics of unplanned suicide attempters in China and compare them with those suicide attempters with plans. Subjects were 791 medically serious suicide attempters aged 15-54 years in rural China. The sixth item of Beck's Suicide Intent Scale was used to estimate the planned and unplanned suicide attempt. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the factors related to planned or unplanned suicide attempt. The results showed that the planned suicide attempts were associated with higher education, hopelessness, and previous suicide act. The unplanned suicide attempt tends to be suicide by pesticide and store pesticide at home. A ban of lethal pesticides may be a method for suicide prevention in rural China.

  6. Women, microcredit and family planning practices: a case study from rural Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norwood, Carolette

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the influence of informal banking club participation on family planning practices in rural Ghana. Research from Asia suggests that family planning practices are improved by club participation. This study examines this thesis in an African context, using rural Ghana as a case study. A sample of 204 women (19 years and older) was drawn from Abokobi village, Ghana. Multivariate analyses of direct, mediating and moderating effects of women’s demographic background characteristics, membership status and length, and women’s empowerment status as predictors of family planning practices are assessed. Findings suggest that club membership and membership length is not associated with family planning practices; however, age, education level, number of children and empowerment status are.

  7. Suggestions on China’s Legislation System of UrbanRural Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren; Zhiyuan; Li; Min

    2015-01-01

    This paper overviews the governmental decrees, departmental rules, as well as local regulations of China formulated since 1989 when the City Planning Law of the People’s Republic of China was issued. Then it points out the problems existing in the current laws, decrees, and regulations, based on which it puts forward some suggestions to improve the legislation system of urban-rural planning of China.

  8. An Empirical Test of the Theory of Planned Behaviour Applied to Contraceptive Use in Rural Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Kiene, Susan M.; Hopwood, Sarah; Lule, Haruna; Rhoda K Wanyenze

    2013-01-01

    There is a high unmet need for contraceptives in developing countries such as Uganda, with high population growth, where efforts are needed to promote family planning and contraceptive use. Despite this high need, little research has investigated applications of health behaviour change theories to contraceptive use amongst this population. The present study tested the Theory of Planned Behaviour’s ability to predict contraceptive use-related behaviours among postpartum women in rural Uganda. ...

  9. Planning for the Future: An Investigation of Work-Bound Rural Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchins, Bryan C.; Meece, Judith L.; Byun, Soo-yong; Farmer, Thomas W.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the postsecondary educational and occupational expectations of work-bound rural youth. Three groups of work-bound youth were identified (work-bound, work-bound with future educational plans, and work-bound but unsure/undecided about postsecondary education), and each group was compared to college-bound…

  10. Aspirations, Expectations, and Influences on the Post-Secondary Plans of Rural Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corra, Jennifer Lynn

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the influences that high school seniors considered when making their plans for after graduation. Bourdieu's theory of habitus and Coleman's social capital theory inform the conceptual framework. Qualitative interviews were conducted with students and school counselors from four rural Kentucky school districts. Family, peers and…

  11. Index of Access: a new innovative and dynamic tool for rural health service and workforce planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrail, Matthew R; Russell, Deborah J; Humphreys, John S

    2016-08-19

    Objective Improving access to primary health care (PHC) remains a key issue for rural residents and health service planners. This study aims to show that how access to PHC services is measured has important implications for rural health service and workforce planning.Methods A more sophisticated tool to measure access to PHC services is proposed, which can help health service planners overcome the shortcomings of existing measures and long-standing access barriers to PHC. Critically, the proposed Index of Access captures key components of access and uses a floating catchment approach to better define service areas and population accessibility levels. Moreover, as demonstrated through a case study, the Index of Access enables modelling of the effects of workforce supply variations.Results Hypothetical increases in supply are modelled for a range of regional centres, medium and small rural towns, with resulting changes of access scores valuable to informing health service and workforce planning decisions.Conclusions The availability and application of a specific 'fit-for-purpose' access measure enables a more accurate empirical basis for service planning and allocation of health resources. This measure has great potential for improved identification of PHC access inequities and guiding redistribution of PHC services to correct such inequities.What is known about the topic? Resource allocation and health service planning decisions for rural and remote health settings are currently based on either simple measures of access (e.g. provider-to-population ratios) or proxy measures of access (e.g. standard geographical classifications). Both approaches have substantial limitations for informing rural health service planning and decision making.What does this paper add? The adoption of a new improved tool to measure access to PHC services, the Index of Access, is proposed to assist health service and workforce planning. Its usefulness for health service planning is

  12. Family planning among women in urban and rural areas in Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antić, Ljiljana; Djikanović, Bosiljka; Vuković, Dejana

    2013-01-01

    Family planning is an important aspect of population policy at the state level, because the demographic trends in Serbia are very unfavorable. The objective of this study was to examine the differences in family planning between the women in rural and urban areas of Serbia. This study represents the secondary analysis of the National Health Survey of the population in Serbia from 2006, which was conducted as a cross sectional study, on a representative sample of the population. The respondents who used condoms as a method of contraception, were often younger, better educated, had better financial status, lived in Vojvodina, and had no children. Our study showed that there were differences in terms of family planning between the women of urban and rural areas, however, these differences could be explained by differences in age and education.

  13. Family planning among women in urban and rural areas in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antić Ljiljana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Family planning is an important aspect of population policy at the state level, because the demographic trends in Serbia are very unfavorable. Objective. The objective of this study was to examine the differences in family planning between the women in rural and urban areas of Serbia. Methods. This study represents the secondary analysis of the National Health Survey of the population in Serbia from 2006, which was conducted as a cross sectional study, on a representative sample of the population. Results. The respondents who used condoms as a method of contraception, were often younger, better educated, had better financial status, lived in Vojvodina, and had no children. Conclusion. Our study showed that there were differences in terms of family planning between the women of urban and rural areas, however, these differences could be explained by differences in age and education. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175025: National Health Survey of the Population of Serbia

  14. Rural-Urban Differences in Awareness and Use of Family Planning Services Among Adolescent Women in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarger, Jennifer; Decker, Martha J; Campa, Mary I; Brindis, Claire D

    2017-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare awareness and use of family planning services by rural and urban program site among a sample of adolescent women before participation in the federal Personal Responsibility Education Program in California. We conducted a secondary analysis of survey data collected from youth before participation in California's Personal Responsibility Education Program. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted for a sample of 4,614 females ages 14-18 years to compare awareness and use of family planning services between participants at rural and urban program sites, controlling for the program setting and participant demographic, sexual, and reproductive characteristics. Overall, 61% of participants had heard of a family planning provider in their community, and 24% had visited a family planning provider. Awareness and use of family planning services were lower among rural participants than urban participants. After adjusting for the program setting and participant characteristics, rural participants were less likely to know about a family planning provider in their community (odds ratio, .64; 95% confidence interval, .50-.81) or receive family planning services (odds ratio, .76; 95% confidence interval, .58-.99) than urban participants. Findings suggest that adolescents in rural areas face greater barriers to accessing family planning services than adolescents in urban areas. Targeted efforts to increase awareness and use of family planning services among adolescents in rural areas and among other underserved populations are needed. Copyright © 2016 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Planning humanitarian projects with educational focus in Guinea rural areas

    OpenAIRE

    Boni, Giulia

    2014-01-01

    Dissertação apresentada à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Acção Humanitária, Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Este projecto decorre de minha experiência direta: passei seis meses trabalhando com uma ONG em uma escola em uma área rural na República da Guiné. Além do entusiasmo e da paixão, esta experiência deixou-me uma pergunta: porque a maioria das crianças que frequentam a escola primária regularmente têm enormes lacunas de modo a ser...

  16. Beyond denomination: The relationship between religion and family planning in rural Malawi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenny Trinitapoli

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Despite the centrality of religion and fertility to life in rural Africa, the relationship between the two remains poorly understood. The study presented here uses unique integrated individual- and congregational-level data from rural Malawi to examine religious influences on contraceptive use. In this religiously diverse population, we find evidence that the particular characteristics of a congregation-leader's positive attitudes toward family planning and discussion of sexual morality, which do not fall along broad denominational lines-are more relevant than denominational categories for predicting women's contraceptive use. We further find evidence for a relationship between religious socialization and contraceptive behavior.

  17. Beyond Denomination: The Relationship between Religion and Family Planning in Rural Malawi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeatman, Sara E; Trinitapoli, Jenny

    2008-10-24

    Despite the centrality of religion and fertility to life in rural Africa, the relationship between the two remains poorly understood. The study presented here uses unique integrated individual and congregational level data from rural Malawi to examine religious influences on contraceptive use. In this religiously diverse population, we find evidence that the particular characteristics of a congregation-leader's positive attitudes toward family planning and discussion of sexual morality, which do not fall along broad denominational lines-are more relevant than denominational categories for predicting women's contraceptive use. We further find evidence for a relationship between religious socialization and contraceptive behavior.

  18. The role of land use planning in sustainable rural systems.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lier, van H.N.

    1998-01-01

    The creation of a more sustainable countryside has become a very important item across the world. Several methods, approaches and policies can be applied and agencies, interests groups etc. can become active in this regard. Land-use planning, as one of these activities, is challenged to play an acti

  19. Planning for disaster resilience in rural, remote, and coastal communities: moving from thought to action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Brenda L; Anderson, Gregory S; Bowles, Ron; Cox, Robin S

    2014-01-01

    Disaster resilience is the cornerstone of effective emergency management across all phases of a disaster from preparedness through response and recovery. To support community resilience planning in the Rural Disaster Resilience Project (RDRP) Planning Framework, a print-based version of the guide book and a suite of resilience planning tools were field tested in three communities representing different regions and geographies within Canada. The results provide a cross-case study analysis from which lessons learned can be extracted. The authors demonstrate that by encouraging resilience thinking and proactive planning even very small rural communities can harness their inherent strengths and resources to enhance their own disaster resilience, as undertaking the resilience planning process was as important as the outcomes.The resilience enhancement planning process must be flexible enough to allow each community to act independently to meet their own needs. The field sites demonstrate that any motivated group of individuals, representing a neighborhood or some larger area could undertake a resilience initiative, especially with the assistance of a bridging organization or tool such as the RDRP Planning Framework.

  20. Driving change in rural workforce planning: the medical schools outcomes database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, Jonathan P; Landau, Louis I

    2010-01-01

    The Medical Schools Outcomes Database (MSOD) is an ongoing longitudinal tracking project ofmedical students from all medical schools in Australia and New Zealand. It was established in 2005 to track the career trajectories of medical students and will directly help develop models of workforce flow, particularly with respect to rural and remote shortages. This paper briefly outlines the MSOD project and reports on key methodological factors in tracking medical students. Finally, the potential impact of the MSOD on understanding changes in rural practice intentions is illustrated using data from the 2005 pilot cohort (n = 112). Rural placements were associated with a shift towards rural practice intentions, while those who intended to practice rurally at both the start and end of medical school tended to be older and interested in a generalist career. Continuing work will track these and future students as they progress through the workforce, as well as exploring issues such as the career trajectories of international fee-paying students, workforce succession planning, and the evaluation of medical education initiatives.

  1. An empirical test of the Theory of Planned Behaviour applied to contraceptive use in rural Uganda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiene, Susan M; Hopwood, Sarah; Lule, Haruna; Wanyenze, Rhoda K

    2014-12-01

    There is a high unmet need for contraceptives in developing countries such as Uganda, with high population growth, where efforts are needed to promote family planning and contraceptive use. Despite this high need, little research has investigated applications of health-behaviour-change theories to contraceptive use among this population. This study tested the Theory of Planned Behaviour's ability to predict contraceptive-use-related behaviours among post-partum women in rural Uganda. Results gave modest support to the theory's application and suggest an urgent need for improved theory-based interventions to promote contraceptive use in the populations of developing countries. © The Author(s) 2013.

  2. Family planning practices of rural community dwellers in cross River State, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etokidem, A J; Ndifon, W; Etowa, J; Asuquo, E F

    2017-06-01

    Nigeria is the most populous nation in Africa and the seventh most populous in the world. Despite a high fertility rate of 5.5 per woman and a high population growth rate of 3.2%, Nigeria's contraceptive prevalence is 15%, which is one of the lowest in the world. The objective of this study was to determine the knowledge of family planning and family planning preferences and practices of rural community women in Cross River State of Nigeria. This was a cross-sectional study involving 291 rural women. Convenience sampling method was used. The women were assembled in a hall and a semi-structured questionnaire was administered to every consenting woman until the sample size was attained. Data obtained from the study were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20 and presented in tables as frequencies and percentages as well as figures. Association between categorical variables was explored using chi-square test. Binary logistic regression was also performed to determine predictors of use of at least one family planning method at some point in time. Fifty (17.2%) respondents were using at least one family planning method. One hundred and ninety-eight (68.3%) respondents had used at least one family planning method at some point in time. Reasons given for not using any family planning method included "Family planning is against my religious beliefs" (56%); "it is against our culture" (43.8%); "I need more children" (64.9%); "my partner would not agree" (35.3%); "family planning does not work" (42.9%); "it reduces sexual enjoyment" (76%); and "it promotes unfaithfulness/infidelity" (59%). Binary logistic regression conducted to predict the use of at least one family planning method at some point in time using some independent variables showed that who makes the decision regarding family planning use was the strongest predictor of family planning use (OR = 0.567; 95% CI = 0.391-0.821). This suggests that family planning uptake is more

  3. Feasibility of an online safety planning intervention for rural and urban pregnant abused women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Tina L; Glass, Nancy E; Case, James; Wright, Courtney; Nolte, Kimberly; Parsons, Lindsay

    2014-01-01

    Intimate partner violence (IPV) in pregnancy is common and harmful to maternal-child health. Safety planning is the gold standard for intervention, but most abused women never access safety planning. Pregnant women may face increased barriers to safety planning and risk of severe IPV, particularly if they are also rural residents. Internet-based safety planning interventions may be useful, but no such interventions specific to the needs of pregnant women have been developed. The aim was to evaluate feasibility (usability, safety, and acceptability) of Internet-based safety planning for rural and urban abused pregnant women and practicality of recruitment procedures for future trials. An existing Internet-based safety decision aid for pregnant and postpartum women was adapted; initial content validity was established with survivors of IPV, advocates, and national IPV experts; and a convenience sample of community-dwelling abused pregnant women was recruited and randomized into two groups to test the decision aid. Fifty-nine participants were enrolled; 46 completed the baseline session, 41% of whom (n = 19) resided in nonmetropolitan counties. Participants' average gestational age was 20.2 weeks, and 28.3% resided with the abusive partner. Participants reported severe IPV at baseline (mean Danger Assessment score of 16.1), but all were able to identify a safe computer, and 73.9% completed the baseline session in less than 1 week, with no adverse events reported. These findings provide preliminary evidence for the feasibility, acceptability, and safety of an Internet-based safety decision aid for urban and rural abused pregnant women.

  4. Survey on Rural Planning in the Netherlands Urban-rural Planning System%荷兰城乡规划体系中的乡村规划考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张驰; 张京祥; 陈眉舞

    2014-01-01

    The Netherlands is similar to China in terms of high density of population and construction, but this country has better rural environment and stronger agriculture industry, which is to a large extent due to its prominent and experienced rural planning. Considering that rural planning and urban planning had different origins and focuses in the Netherlands, this paper first gives a brief introduction to the Netherlands planning system and discusses the relationship between rural planning and urban planning in the Netherlands, and then the development of the Netherlands rural planning is introduced. The rural land consolidation, rural land development and spatial planning are discussed to analyze the evolution of the Netherlands planning philosophy. It is expected to provide some experience to the rural planning and rural construction in China.%荷兰作为欧洲国家中人多地少、高密度发展的典型国家,和我国国情背景较为相似,但较之我国却拥有更为优质的乡村自然环境和农业产业化前景,并在乡村规划上具备悠久传统和卓越表现。基于荷兰乡村规划与城市规划两者间有着不同起源和关注焦点,通过系统梳理荷兰城乡规划体系中的乡村规划脉络,介绍了荷兰乡村地区规划的演变历程,并从土地整理与开发、空间规划这两大层面剖析荷兰乡村地区发展规划的理念流变,以期为中国乡村地区建设提供可资借鉴的经验。

  5. Strategic Planning for Chronic Disease Prevention in Rural America: Looking Through a PRISM Lens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honeycutt, Amanda A; Wile, Kristina; Dove, Cassandra; Hawkins, Jackie; Orenstein, Diane

    2015-01-01

    Community-level strategic planning for chronic disease prevention. To share the outcomes of the strategic planning process used by Mississippi Delta stakeholders to prevent and reduce the negative impacts of chronic disease in their communities. A key component of strategic planning was participants' use of the Prevention Impacts Simulation Model (PRISM) to project the reduction, compared with the status quo, in deaths and costs from implementing interventions in Mississippi Delta communities. Participants in Mississippi Delta strategic planning meetings used PRISM, a user-friendly, evidence-based simulation tool that includes 22 categories of policy, systems, and environmental change interventions, to pose what-if questions that explore the likely short- and long-term effects of an intervention or any desired combination of the 22 categories of chronic disease intervention programs and policies captured in PRISM. These categories address smoking, air pollution, poor nutrition, and lack of physical activity. Strategic planning participants used PRISM outputs to inform their decisions and actions to implement interventions. Rural communities in the Mississippi Delta. A diverse group of 29 to 34 local chronic disease prevention stakeholders, known as the Mississippi Delta Strategic Alliance. Community plans and actions that were developed and implemented as a result of local strategic planning. Existing strategic planning efforts were complemented by the use of PRISM. The Mississippi Delta Strategic Alliance decided to implement new interventions to improve air quality and transportation and to expand existing interventions to reduce tobacco use and increase access to healthy foods. They also collaborated with the Department of Transportation to raise awareness and use of the current transportation network. The Mississippi Delta Strategic Alliance strategic planning process was complemented by the use of PRISM as a tool for strategic planning, which led to the

  6. Rural environmental planning in a family farm: education, extension and sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dayana Almeida

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Developing research, teaching and extension in university programs is fundamental to capacitate professionals for the challenging endeavors. Considering the importance of these three university functions as relevant learning practices, the objective of this study was to analyze qualitatively the development of teaching project proposals associated with extension activities, directed to the rural environmental planning in an Agricultural Production Unit, in order to identify the issues and their degree of applicability. Twenty project proposals were developed in the "Rural Environmental Planning" course to plan an Agricultural Production Unit, which were subsequently evaluated by the farmer. This discipline is part of the Bachelor's degree course in Environmental Management and Analysis of the Universidade Federal de São Carlos. The projects followed qualitative research methods using the systemic and participatory approach. At the end of the process the farmer answered an evaluation matrix of the projects. Development of the projects was particularly important for the students and for their knowledge on the various topics covered, which also resulted in factual improvement perspectives in the Agricultural Production Unit. Construction of knowledge was participatory and integrated between the students and farmer.

  7. OBSTACLES TO FAMILY PLANNING USE AMONG RURAL WOMEN IN ATIAK HEALTH CENTER IV, AMURU DISTRICT, NORTHERN UGANDA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouma, S; Turyasima, M; Acca, H; Nabbale, F; Obita, K O; Rama, M; Adong, C C; Openy, A; Beatrice, M O; Odongo-Aginya, E I; Awor, S

    Uganda's rapid population growth (3.2%) since 1948 has placed more demands on health sector and lowered living standard of Ugandans resulting into 49% of people living in acute poverty especially in post conflict Northern Uganda. The population rise was due to low use of contraceptive methods (21% in rural areas and 43% in urban areas) and coupled with high unmet need for family planning (41%). This indicated poor access to reproductive health services. Effective use of family planning could reduce the rapid population growth. To determine obstacles to family planning use among rural women in Northern Uganda. A descriptive cross-sectional analytical study. Atiak Health Centre IV, Amuru District, rural Northern Uganda. Four hundred and twenty four females of reproductive ages were selected from both Inpatient and Outpatient Departments of Atiak Health Centre IV. There was high level of awareness 418 (98.6%), positive attitude 333 (78.6%) and fair level of utilisation 230 (54.2%) of family planning. However, significant obstacles to family planning usage included; long distance to Health facility, unavailability of preferred contraceptive methods, absenteeism of family planning providers, high cost of managing side effects, desire for big family size, children dying less than five years old, husbands forbidding women from using family planning and lack of community leaders' involvement in family planning programme. In spites of the high level of awareness, positive attitude, and free family planning services, there were obstacles that hindered family planning usage among these rural women. However, taking services close to people, reducing number of children dying before their fifth birthday, educating men about family planning, making sure family planning providers and methods are available, reducing cost of managing side effects and involving community leaders will improve utilisation of family planning and thus reduce the rapid population growth and poverty.

  8. Development of suburb farm landscape in the process of urban-rural overall planning from the perspective of ecological economics: a case study of Chengdu City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Dan; Wang Xiaohong

    2009-01-01

    With the accelerating development of Chinese urbanization and the widening gap between rural and urban areas, urban-rural overall planning is to be an inevitable choice for economic and social development.However, the specific patterns and methods in urban-rural overall planning are greatly different.From the persperctive of ecological economy, taking the main physical and biological pattern of the farmland as research objects, this paper analyzes the components and characteristics of farm landscape, the relationship between farm landscape exploitation and rural tourism, and the role of farm landscape exploitation in planning urban and rural development.It expatiates on the pattern, method and principle of farm landscape development.Furthermore, based on the actual development case, this paper explores how to make high-grade tourism products with scientific and reasonable farm landscape development method, how to increase peasant income, how to improve urban and rural ecological economic environment, so as to promote urban-rural overall planning.

  9. Research on Urban and Rural Professional Teaching Planning Reform under the Background of New Urbanization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莉

    2016-01-01

    现阶段中国的发展正处于新一轮发展的重要的战略机遇时期,因此,城乡规划作为城乡发展和建设的主要依据与重要蓝图蓝图,其作用亦愈发重要。城乡规划是一门集综合性、实践性和政策性为一炉的极强的学科,它的技术方法、政策规范及人才需求等都在不断地发展。在这一系列的变化的背景下,城乡规划专业的教学工作也将面临着巨大的挑战和新的要求,要想更好地适应新形势,培养出合格的现代化城乡规划的专业型人才,相关机构及工作人员必须学会转变思路、学会与时俱进、继续深化改革。%At the present stage, China has trapped into an important period of strategic opportunities for a new round of development. Urban-rural planning, as the main basis and and important blueprint of urban and rural development and construction,has playing increasingly crucial role. Urban and rural planning is a set of comprehensive, practical and policy for a batch of strong discipline, and its technical methods, standard policy, talent demand are in constant development correspondingly as well. In the background of series of changes, the urban and rural planning professional teaching will also face enormous challenges and new requirements; hence, in order to better adapt to the new situation, and cultivate professional qualified modern urban planning talents in the field, related institutions and staffs must learn to change ideas, learn to advance with The Times, and continue to deepen the reform.

  10. Underperformance of Planning for Peri-Urban Rural Sustainable Development: The Case of Mentougou District in Beijing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Lin

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available As the basic cell of social structures and spatial units, rural settlement is now experiencing profound changes through the rapid urbanization process underway in China, particularly in peri-urban areas which serve as the main platform and battlefield for urban–rural integration in China’s latest round of new urbanization. Therefore, how to achieve better planning for rural settlement in peri-urban areas is becoming a pressing and paramount research agenda. This paper attempts to explore the possible reasons for the underperformance of planning practice for rural settlement in peri-urban areas of China by taking the Mentougou district of Beijing as a case study. Following a quick and comprehensive review of planning in Mentougou district, a systematic and critical evaluation is then conducted accordingly. It shows that the plans generally play a positive role in development orientation and implementation. Yet, there is still a lot of room for improvement, particularly in the following aspects: (1 lack of initiative and innovation at the local level; (2 lack of long-term vision and consistent implementation; (3 lack of rationale-oriented approach; (4 lack of scientific and in-depth research; (5 lack of multi-stakeholder participation. As a way forward, this paper thus proposes a revised planning scheme for local practice, including classification of typologies and the customized planning design for each typology. At last, this paper calls for more in-depth scientific research on some key topics in the planning field, domestically and internationally.

  11. Predictors of physical activity among rural and small town breast cancer survivors: an application of the theory of planned behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallance, Jeff K; Lavallee, Celeste; Culos-Reed, Nicole S; Trudeau, Marc G

    2012-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to investigate the utility of the two-component theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in understanding physical activity intentions and behaviour in rural and small town breast cancer survivors. The secondary objective was to elicit the most common behavioural, normative and control beliefs of rural and small town survivors regarding physical activity. Using a cross-sectional survey design, 524 rural and small town breast cancer survivors completed a mailed survey that assessed physical activity and TPB variables. Physical activity intention explained 12% of the variance in physical activity behaviour (p activity intention (p activity determinants among rural and small town breast cancer survivors. These data can be used in the development and establishment of physical activity behaviour interventions and health promotion materials designed to facilitate physical activity behaviour among rural and small town breast cancer survivors.

  12. FAMILY PLANNING PRACTICES AMONG THE ELIGIBLE COUPLES IN A RURAL AREA OF CHIDAMBARAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivin Vincent

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The family planning programme in the world was first launched by India in 1952 in order to reduce the population growth in the country. India currently faces a vicious cycle of population explosion and poverty. In the above context, this study was conducted so as to learn about the different family planning methods practicing in a rural area of Chidambaram and also to find out any unmet need of family planning which is one of the most important factor that causes hindrance in the success of national family planning programme. OBJECTIVES To find out the proportion of eligible couples practicing any of the family planning methods, both temporary and permanent, the different types and the unmet needs of family planning practices along with the factors associated with unwillingness of acceptance of family planning methods among these eligible couples. MATERIAL AND METHODS It is a cross-sectional study done in 125 eligible couples of 700 families of Omakkulam and Sengattan areas of Chidambaram. Data collected were coded and entered in Microsoft Excel sheet and was analysed using Epi info statistical software. RESULTS The proportion of eligible couples in this study population of 700 families was 18% (125. The proportion of eligible couples practicing family planning methods were 42% and 58% had not adopted any methods. Different types of family planning methods adopted by the eligible couples in this study were Vasectomy (1.89%, PPS (15.09%, CuT (18.87%, OCP (20.76% and Condoms (43.39%. Reasons for non-acceptance of family planning methods among the eligible couples were Hysterectomy (2.78%, Infertility (6.95%, Infection and bleeding (11.11%, Recently married (13.89%, No specific reason (29.16% and Family not complete (36.11%. In this study, 20% of eligible couples had unmet needs of family planning methods. CONCLUSION This study shows there is still a gap in the acceptance of family planning methods by the eligible couples of this study population

  13. Benefits of family planning: an assessment of women's knowledge in rural Western Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutombo, Namuunda; Bakibinga, Pauline; Mukiira, Carol; Kamande, Eva

    2014-03-18

    The last two decades have seen an increase in literature reporting an increase in knowledge and use of contraceptives among individuals and couples in Kenya, as in the rest of Africa, but there is a dearth of information regarding knowledge about benefits of family planning (FP) in Kenya. To assess the factors associated with knowledge about the benefits of FP for women and children, among women in rural Western Kenya. Data are drawn from the Packard Western Kenya Project Baseline Survey, which collected data from rural women (aged 15-49 years). Ordinal regression was used on 923 women to determine levels of knowledge and associated factors regarding benefits of FP. Women in rural Western Kenya have low levels of knowledge about benefits of FP and are more knowledgeable about benefits for the mother rather than for the child. Only age, spousal communication and type of contraceptive method used are significant. Women's level of knowledge about benefits of FP is quite low and may be one of the reasons why fertility is still high in Western Kenya. Therefore, FP programmes need to focus on increasing women's knowledge about the benefits of FP in this region.

  14. Rural health professionals' experiences in implementing advance care planning: a focus group study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Sophie; Sinclair, Craig; Rhee, Joel; Goh, Desiree; Auret, Kirsten

    2015-09-02

    Advance care planning (ACP) is described as an ongoing discussion between a patient, their family and healthcare professionals (HCPs) to understand a patient's wishes for future health care. Legislation supporting ACP in Western Australia is relatively new and HCPs are still learning about the process and implementation. This study aimed to provide a rich description of rural health professionals' perceptions and experiences with ACP within the context of their professional role and to identify systemic issues and training needs. Ten focus groups were conducted throughout 2014 with a total of 55 rural participants including general practitioners (n = 15), general practice registrars (n = 6), practice nurses (n = 18), community nurses (n = 4) and hospital nurses (n = 12) in the south-western regions of Western Australia. Thematic analysis has identified the following themes regarding ACP: benefits to patients and families; professional roles in ACP; barriers and enablers; and systems for communicating ACP. HCPs have self-determined their roles in the ACP process, which currently leaves some components of the process unaccounted for, suggesting that collaboration between HCPs working together in a rural health setting and a standardised system for distributing these documents may assist with the implementation of ACP.

  15. The San Pablo experiment: educational strategies in family planning for rural workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatchalian, J; Aganon, M

    1978-01-01

    16 couples from each of 3 barrios in the Philippines - Barrio Santiago 1, Barrio Santiago 2, and Barrio Dolores - were randomly selected to make up homogeneous groups of young potential family planning acceptors. The objectives were 3-fold: 1) to increase the rural workers' knowledge and awareness of population issues and family planning in order to motivate them to adopt practices; 2) to assist a trade union in integrating population education into its workers' educational program; and 3) to test the effectiveness of 2 different population education strategies. Couples from Barrio Santiago 1 underwent the integrated approach, those from Barrio Dolores the conventional approach, and those from Barrio Santiago 2 served as the control group. Both strategies made use of the same teaching methods. The relative effectiveness of the 2 strategies was gauged through an evaluation of the respondents' knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning 3 months after the training course. The following were among the results: 1) both the conventional and integrated educational strategies worked toward a higher level of knowledge and a more favorable attitude toward family planning; 2) there was no statistical significant difference between the 2 educational strategies in terms of attitude change and increase in knowledge; and 3) the study demonstrates the benefits of integrating family planning into the overall effort of trade unions to educate and inform their members.

  16. Development and Validation of a Gender Ideology Scale for Family Planning Services in Rural China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xueyan; Li, Shuzhuo; Feldman, Marcus W.

    2013-01-01

    The objectives of this study are to develop a scale of gender role ideology appropriate for assessing Quality of Care in family planning services for rural China. Literature review, focus-group discussions and in-depth interviews with service providers and clients from two counties in eastern and western China, as well as experts’ assessments, were used to develop a scale for family planning services. Psychometric methodologies were applied to samples of 601 service clients and 541 service providers from a survey in a district in central China to validate its internal consistency, reliability, and construct validity with realistic and strategic dimensions. This scale is found to be reliable and valid, and has prospects for application both academically and practically in the field. PMID:23573222

  17. Riparian rehabilitation planning in an urban-rural gradient: Integrating social needs and ecological conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guida-Johnson, Bárbara; Zuleta, Gustavo A

    2017-09-01

    In the present context of global change and search for sustainability, we detected a gap between restoration and society: local communities are usually only considered as threats or disturbances when planning for restoration. To bridge this gap, we propose a landscape design framework for planning riparian rehabilitation in an urban-rural gradient. A spatial multi-criteria analysis was used to assess the priority of riversides by considering two rehabilitation objectives simultaneously-socio-environmental and ecological-and two sets of criteria were designed according to these objectives. The assessment made it possible to identify 17 priority sites for riparian rehabilitation that were associated with different conditions along the gradient. The double goal setting enabled a dual consideration of citizens, both as beneficiaries and potential impacts to rehabilitation, and the criteria selected incorporated the multi-dimensional nature of the environment. This approach can potentially be adapted and implemented in any other anthropic-natural interface throughout the world.

  18. Defibrillation beliefs of rural nurses: focus group discussions guided by the Theory of Planned Behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwyer, T A; Mosel Williams, L; Mummery, K

    2005-01-01

    The endorsement of the chain of survival concept and early defibrillation has challenged health professionals to reconsider their beliefs about how they respond to in-hospital resuscitation. In the rural context, where 24 hour coverage is not available nurse-initiated defibrillation is expected. Despite literature and policy change in Australia to allow nurses to initiate defibrillation, there is no current research that uses a systemic theoretical approach to investigate the specific beliefs of nurses and their use of defibrillators. The purpose of this study was to elicit a beginning understanding of the defibrillation beliefs of rural nurses. This research used focus groups within the framework of the Theory of Planned Behavior to describe the defibrillation beliefs of rural registered nurses. The sites selected for this study were two acute care hospitals in rural Australia (RRMA Classification). Each of these hospitals was in located 'other rural areas' (RRMA Classification) in separate towns and had 25 and 30 beds. The study sample consisted of 10 females and two males. Focus group questions were designed to elicit salient beliefs within the theoretical framework. Three constructs of behavioral, normative and control beliefs guided the development of the question and analysis of the discussions. In accordance with the authors of the theoretical framework, content analysis was used to analyse the data from the study. Two behavioral beliefs, four control beliefs and four normative belief categories were elicited. Two behavioral beliefs categories emerged from the open-ended question: 'What, if any are the advantages of you being able to use a defibrillator?' Participants were congruent when discussing the advantages of nurses initiating defibrillation. The two categories were 'quicker response times' (15 responses) and 'increased success with resuscitation' (8 responses). Participants were asked to identify any events that might influence their decision to use

  19. Integrated energy planning for sustainable development in rural areas: A case study from Eastern Uttar Pradesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shweta Singh, Usha Bajpai

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Energy is required for every aspect of our daily life. At present, commercial energy consumption makes up about 65% of the total energy consumed in India. This includes coal with the largest share of 55%, followed by oil at 31%, natural gas at 11% and hydro energy at 3%. Non-commercial energy sources consisting of firewood, cow dung and agriculture wastes account for over 30% of the total energy consumption. The critical feature of India’s energy sector and linkages to economy is the import dependence on crude and petroleum products. Import bill is likely to grow to more than 100% in the near future because of population explosion and improved living standard in the country. Being a tropical country India has unlimited potential for producing renewable energy sources. These sources of energy can play an important role in the sustainable development by providing basic energy needs of rural and remote areas. A survey of energy consumption pattern has been carried out in different sector domestic, agricultural, transport, rural industries and miscellaneous uses in a cluster of 3 villages, district Ballia, Uttar Pradesh India during 2008. The questionnaires have been filled by gram pradhan, respective old persons and head of the family of the surveyed households. This paper discusses the current energy status, choice of energy options and potential of renewable energy systems for creating sustainable livelihoods in rural areas. The outline plan at decentralized level was prepared with the objective of providing energy security in villages by meeting total energy needs for cooking, lighting and motive power through various forms of available renewable energy sources.

  20. Urban-rural differences in attitudes and practices toward long-acting reversible contraceptives among family planning providers in Texas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaaler, Margaret L; Kalanges, Lauri K; Fonseca, Vincent P; Castrucci, Brian C

    2012-03-01

    Despite the elevated rates of teen and unplanned pregnancies across the United States, long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) remain a less utilized birth control method. The present study investigated family planning providers' attitudes and considerations when recommending family planning methods and LARCs to clients. Additionally, this study explored whether urban-rural differences exist in providers' attitudes toward LARCs and in clients' use of LARCs. Data were collected using an online survey of family planning providers at Title X clinics in Texas. Survey data was linked to family planning client data from the Family Planning Annual Report (2008). Findings indicated that, although providers were aware of the advantages of LARCs, clients' LARC use remains infrequent. Providers reported that the benefits of hormone implants include their effectiveness for 3 years and that they are an option for women who cannot take estrogen-based birth control. Providers acknowledged the benefits of several types of LARCs; however, urban providers were more likely to acknowledge the benefits of hormone implants compared with their rural counterparts. Results also indicated barriers to recommending LARCs, such as providers' misinformation about LARCs and their caution in recommending LARCs to adolescents. However, findings also indicated providers lack training in LARC insertion, specifically among those practicing in rural areas. In light of the effectiveness and longevity of LARCs, teenagers and clients living in rural areas are ideal LARC candidates. Increased training among family planning providers, especially for those practicing in rural areas, may increase their recommendations of LARCs to clients. Copyright © 2012 Jacobs Institute of Women

  1. Spatial analysis methods and land-use planning models for rural areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuzanna Ludwiczak

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The work presents a brief report of the main results of a study carried out by the Spatial Engineering Division of the Department of Agricultural Economics and Engineering of the University of Bologna, within a broader PRIN 2005 research project concerning landscape and economic analysis, planning and programming. In particular, the study focuses on the design of spatial analysis methods aimed at building knowledge frameworks of the various natural and anthropic resources of rural areas. The goal is to increase the level of spatial and information detail of common databases, thus allowing higher accuracy and effectiveness of the analyses needed to achieve the goals of new generation spatial and agriculture planning. Specific in-depth analyses allowed to define techniques useful in order to reduce the increase in survey costs. Moreover, the work reports the main results regarding a multicriteria model for the analysis of the countryside defined by the research. Such model is aimed to assess the various agricultural, environmental and landscape features, vocations, expressions and attitudes, and support the definition and implementation of specific and targeted planning and programming policies.

  2. Experimental Investigation of Land Mobile Prediction Methods and Modeling of Radio Planning Tool Parameters along Indian Rail Road Rural Zones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. V. S. N. Prasad

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Mobile communication networks in rural zones were not given enough importance and emphasis unlike their urban counter parts due to the unattractive revenues and economic considerations for the cellular operators. In order to identify the suitable prediction methods for Indian rail road rural zones, train-based measurements were conducted in the northern and western rural zones along rail roads. These were carried out by recording the carriers emitted by the trackside base stations inside the moving train. The observed signal levels converted into path losses were compared initially with various conventional prediction methods. The observed results were also compared with the predicted results of radio planning tool utilizing digital terrain data. The constants of the model incorporated in the radio planning tool were tuned separately for north Indian and west Indian base stations based on the observed results. The suitability of the models has been evaluated in terms of standard statistical parameters.

  3. How to use sustainability indicators for tourism planning: the case of rural tourism in Andalusia (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blancas, F J; Lozano-Oyola, M; González, M; Guerrero, F M; Caballero, R

    2011-12-15

    This paper proposes an indicators system to analyse the sustainability of tourist activity at rural destinations in countries with a consolidated tourism sector. The proposed system aims at providing tourist managers and policy-makers with information to better understand the transition to sustainability at specific destinations and to encourage them to carry out corresponding policy and management responses. To illustrate how indicators can be quantified, we create a practical guideline on how to use the statistical information available. Likewise, we suggest a method for obtaining sustainability indexes by aggregation that reduces the subjectivity associated with the composite indicator. This procedure is based on the combination of principal component analysis and distance to a reference point. Together with the definition of sustainable tourism indicators, we explain how to use these systems and sustainability indexes to fulfil three practical uses in tourism sector planning: the comparison and characterisation of destinations, the definition of benchmarking practices, and the quantification of sustainable tourism objectives. Each practical use is illustrated using the case of rural zones in a consolidated destination such as Andalusia. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Bridging user and provider perspectives: family planning access and utilization in rural Mozambique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agadjanian, Victor; Hayford, Sarah R; Luz, Luciana; Yao, Jing

    2015-08-01

    To examine how the contraceptive behavior of women in rural southern Mozambique is shaped by their individual and household characteristics; community characteristics; access to family planning services; and characteristics of health facilities. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected mostly between January 20 and December 15, 2011, in rural areas of four districts in Gaza Province, Mozambique. The data included: a retrospective household-based survey of women of reproductive age (the analytical sample consisted of 1554 non-pregnant women in marital union); qualitative interviews with a subsample of surveyed women; a survey of communities where the women resided (n=56); and a survey of all health facilities in the study area (n=56). Binomial and multinomial logistic models were fitted to predict current use of modern contraceptive methods. Statistical analyses were complemented by insights from qualitative data. Positive associations were detected between contraceptive use and education, household wealth, and perceived HIV infection status. Distance to the clinic was negatively associated with contraceptive use. These effects were additive, with some varying by type of contraceptive method. Examination of qualitative data highlighted frequent cognitive dissonance between service providers and users. A simultaneous consideration of user-level and provider-level perspectives on contraceptive use improves our understanding of contraceptive dynamics and can usefully inform policy. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

  5. Influence of mothers-in-law on young couples' family planning decisions in rural India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Char, Arundhati; Saavala, Minna; Kulmala, Teija

    2010-05-01

    It has been widely documented in patrilocal and strongly patrilineal settings in India that the presence and influence of mothers-in-law in the household may affect fertility decisions made by young couples. However, not much is known about how intra-family relationships per se influence choice of contraceptive method and timing of use. To understand patterns of family planning decision-making, we carried out short, open-ended interviews in rural Madhya Pradesh in 2005 with 60 mothers-in-law, 60 sons and 60 daughters-in-law from the same families. Mothers-in-law were found to have an important influence on family decisions pertaining to activities within the household. They were also likely to influence the number of sons their daughters-in-law had and the timing of their daughters-in-law being sterilised, but they did not seem to have the same authority or influence with regard to decisions on the use of reversible contraceptive methods, which were mainly being made by young couples themselves. The findings show the flexibility and transformability of intra-family interactions, even within a hierarchically-ordered kinship system that is often considered an obstacle to improving reproductive health and gender equity. Given the right information, and availability of and access to reversible methods, young couples in rural Madhya Pradesh are increasingly making contraceptive choices for themselves. Copyright 2010 Reproductive Health Matters. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Family Planning Practice Among Rural Reproductive-Age Married Women in Myanmar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jirapongsuwan, Ann; Latt, Kyaw Thu; Siri, Sukhontha; Munsawaengsub, Chokchai

    2016-05-01

    A cross-sectional study was undertaken to investigate family planning (FP) practices and associated factors among reproductive-age married women. Data were collected by interviewing the 300 married women living in a rural area of Myanmar. The questionnaire had reliability coefficients ranging from .8 to .9. Results indicated that 73.3% of women performed FP, and contraceptive injection was the most common method. Significant associations were found with age 21 to 35 years (adjusted odds ratio [adj OR] = 3.748, 95% CI = 2.179-6.445), adequacy of income (adj OR = 2.520, 95% CI = 1.477-4.290), good attitude toward FP (adj OR = 0.386, 95% CI = 0.228-0.656), good support from health care providers (adj OR = 0.129, 95% CI = 0.054-0.313), good support from family (adj OR = 0.304, 95% CI = 0.163-0.565), good support from friends (adj OR = 0.344, 95% CI = 0.193-0.613), and FP practice. It is recommended that designing FP programs with peers and family involvement could increase the practice of FP among rural Myanmar women. © 2016 APJPH.

  7. Heritage tourism development in rural Russia: A case study in collaborative tourism planning in an international setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy Ramthun; Susan Williams; Vladimir Shalaev; Svetlana Guseva; Irina Polinkova; Sofia Chervakova; Svetlana Ivanova; Anna Pahkmutova; Anastasia Shalaev

    2010-01-01

    In the United States, advisers from such organizations as universities and extension services often assist rural communities with community planning and development efforts. These outside groups typically facilitate communication and discussion among stakeholders and help to lay out a process by which the community may proceed towards its shared goals. Faculty members...

  8. A Research on Rural Touring Scheme of New Rural Community Planning%新农村综合体规划中乡村旅游策划研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑志明

    2015-01-01

    New rural community is not the traditional rural new community, pay more attention to the facilities, industry support and security, often using their own resources condition, the development of rural tourism and other economic activities. Therefore, fused with the planning of rural tourism in the new rural community planning, and rural tourism planning is one of the core content, it can carry out the function of guidance and the construction of new rural community planning to provide guidance for the development strategy. This paper from the perspective of the relationship between the two will discuss and clarify the rural tourism planning ideas, and mainly from the tourism market planning, tourism planning activities, tourist attractions planning three aspects to explore the contents and methods of rural tourism planning.%新农村综合体有别于传统农村新型社区,更加注重设施配套、产业支撑和保障,往往会利用自身资源条件,开展乡村旅游等产业经济活动。因此,在新农村综合体规划中会与乡村旅游规划融合,而乡村旅游策划更是其中核心的内容,它能为新农村综合体规划提供发展战略、进行功能指引和建设指引。文章从论述两者关系出发,理清乡村旅游策划的思路,并重点从旅游市场策划、旅游活动策划、旅游景点策划三方面探寻乡村旅游策划的具体内容和方法。

  9. Impact of an in-built monitoring system on family planning performance in rural Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashraf Ali

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background During 1982–1992, the Maternal and Child Health Family Planning (MCH-FP Extension Project (Rural of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B, in partnership with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW of the Government of Bangladesh (GoB, implemented a series of interventions in Sirajganj Sadar sub-district of Sirajganj district. These interventions were aimed at improving the planning mechanisms and for reviewing the problem-solving processes to build an effective monitoring system of the interventions at the local level of the overall system of the MOHFW, GoB. Methods The interventions included development and testing of innovative solutions in service-delivery, provision of door-step injectables, and strengthening of the management information system (MIS. The impact of an in-built monitoring system on the overall performance was assessed during the period from June 1995 to December 1996, after the withdrawal of the interventions in 1992. Results The results of the assessment showed that Family Welfare Assistants (FWAs increased household-visits within the last two months, and there was a higher use of service-delivery points even after the withdrawal of the interventions. The results of the cluster surveys, conducted in 1996, showed that the selected indicators of health and family-planning services were higher than those reported by the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS 1996–1997. During June 1995-December, 1996, the contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR increased by 13 percentage points (i.e. from 40% to 53%. Compared to the national CPR (49%, this increase was statistically significant (p Conclusion The in-built monitoring systems, including effective MIS, accompanied by rapid assessments and review of performance by the programme managers, have potentials to improve family planning performance in low-performing areas.

  10. Soil information in the Strategic Environmental Assessment of Rural Development Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costantini, Edoardo

    2016-04-01

    Soil information is essential for land planning at different administrative levels. Currently, in Europe there is a hierarchy of at least seven main territorial administrative entities which consider soil in their land planning policies. In this study, European, national and regional regulations that affect soil are discussed, considering themes, priorities, and focus areas. A better attention on the Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) of the Rural Development Plans (RDP) 2014-2020 is given, by analysing the Environmental Reports produced in the framework of the SEA of the RDP 2014-2020 of some European Regions. Both old and new soil indicators are introduced, as well as the consequences of their adoption for soil science and soil scientists. It is evident from this study that soil information is treated very variably, not only because of the different kinds of available information, but mainly as a consequence of the expertise and sensitivity to the soil issues of the authors, since they can be different kinds of public or private bodies hired by regional authorities. Therefore, despite having the same reference, the SEAs are very different. In most cases, the amount of soil information is little or negligible, even when available. The ex-ante impacts are often only qualitative, or quantified only in terms of the areal extent of applied measures. On the other hand, following the European recommendations, the ongoing and ex-post reports of the monitoring activities of RDP are expected to provide a wealth of soil information, both qualitative and quantitative. Soil scientists, soil and water conservationists, and management experts will be requested to provide more sophisticated and dynamic types of information. Therefore, the SEA of RDP and similar land planning activities will provide greater scientific and technical opportunities for soil science, provided that the public bodies in charge of evaluations, namely Member States, Regions and their auditing

  11. To Withstand Loneliness in the Process of Urbanization---Research on the Construction and Planning of Metropolitan Suburban Rural Tourism Scenic Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Meiyue LlU; Kaiyu Ll; Qianqian TANG; Lei WANG; Yan Ll

    2015-01-01

    The conflicts between rurality and urbanization, tradition and modernity, in-dustry and environmental resource in the rural tourism have become major difficul-ties of its sustainable development in China. This paper analyzed the characteristics and difficult situations of metropolitan suburban rural tourism, put forward four kinds of region-city functions in the development of metropolitan suburban rural tourism, and researched on the construction of rural tourism scenic areas in metropolis sub-urb—"to Withstand Loneliness in the Process of Urbanization"—as the fol owing as-pects :the space organization mode, localization, social organization and manage-ment , the product organization and spatial planning modes and contents.

  12. An Integrated Planning for Reuse and Wetland Strategy of Waste Water from Rural Enterprises:A Case Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOUQI-XING; R.W.BELL; 等

    1995-01-01

    A waste water reuse engineering was designed and then operated in Hongshan,a small town in Zhejiang Province,China,in order to solve pollution and shortage of water resources due to the development of rural enterprises.The results showed that series-structure design and cycling model were two effective modes of saving water and decreasing pollutants into environment,and wetland strategy should be a component part of the integrated planning for waste water reuse of rural enterprises.This case study could provide a basis for the optimum utilization and pollution avoidance of water resources.

  13. Clustering Algorithm As A Planning Support Tool For Rural Electrification Optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronaldo Pornillosa Parreno Jr

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this study clustering algorithm was developed to optimize electrification plans by screening and grouping potential customers to be supplied with electricity. The algorithm provided adifferent approach in clustering problem which combines conceptual and distance-based clustering algorithmsto analyze potential clusters using spanning tree with the shortest possible edge weight and creating final cluster trees based on the test of inconsistency for the edges. The clustering criteria consists of commonly used distance measure with the addition of household information as basis for the ability to pay ATP value. The combination of these two parameters resulted to a more significant and realistic clusters since distance measure alone could not take the effect of the household characteristics in screening the most sensible groupings of households. In addition the implications of varying geographical features were incorporated in the algorithm by using routing index across the locations of the households. This new approach of connecting the households in an area was applied in an actual case study of one village or barangay that was not yet energized. The results of clustering algorithm generated cluster trees which could becomethetheoretical basis for power utilities to plan the initial network arrangement of electrification. Scenario analysis conducted on the two strategies of clustering the households provideddifferent alternatives for the optimization of the cost of electrification. Futhermorethe benefits associated with the two strategies formulated from the two scenarios was evaluated using benefit cost ratio BC to determine which is more economically advantageous. The results of the study showed that clustering algorithm proved to be effective in solving electrification optimization problem and serves its purpose as a planning support tool which can facilitate electrification in rural areas and achieve cost-effectiveness.

  14. Landscape Planning and Ecological Networks. Part A. A Rural System in Nuoro, Sardinia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea De Montis

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Urban-rural landscape planning research is nowadays focusing on strategies and tools that support practitioners in designing integrated spaces starting from the analysis of local areas, where human and natural pressures interfere. A prominent framework is provided by the ecological networks, whose design regards the combination of a set of green areas or patches (the nodes interconnected through environmental corridors (the edges. Ecological networks are useful for biodiversity protection and enhancement, as they are able to counteract fragmentation, and to create or strengthen relations and exchanges among otherwise isolated elements. Biodiversity evolution, indeed, depends on the quantity and quality of spatial cohesion of natural areas.  In this paper, we aim at designing an ecological network for the periurban area on the town of Nuoro in central Sardinia. The narrative unfolds in two parts. Part A is presented in this paper and includes its methodological premises, i.e. biodiversity conservation and ecological network analysis and design, and the introductory elements of a spatial analysis on a pilot ecological network of one hundred patches. We locate patches by focusing on the ecosystems supported by the target vegetal species holm oak (Quercus ilex and cultivated or wild olive (Olea europaea var. sativa, O. europaea var. sylverstis. These are very common plants species in the municipality and some animal species are active as seed dispersal. The reminder, i.e. Part B, of the essay is presented in an homonymous paper that focuses on the illustration of the network analysis conceived as a monitoring system and, in future perspective, as a planning support system.

  15. Challenges Addressing Unmet Need for Contraception: Voices of Family Planning Service Providers in Rural Tanzania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baraka, Jitihada; Rusibamayila, Asinath; Kalolella, Admirabilis; Baynes, Colin

    2015-12-01

    Provider perspectives have been overlooked in efforts to address the challenges of unmet need for family planning (FP). This qualitative study was undertaken in Tanzania, using 22 key informant interviews and 4 focus group discussions. The research documents perceptions of healthcare managers and providers in a rural district on the barriers to meeting latent demand for contraception. Social-ecological theory is used to interpret the findings, illustrating how service capability is determined by the social, structural and organizational environment. Providers' efforts to address unmet need for FP services are constrained by unstable reproductive preferences, low educational attainment, and misconceptions about contraceptive side effects. Societal and organizational factors--such as gender dynamics, economic conditions, religious and cultural norms, and supply chain bottlenecks, respectively--also contribute to an adverse environment for meeting needs for care. Challenges that healthcare providers face interact and produce an effect which hinders efforts to address unmet need. Interventions to address this are not sufficient unless the supply of services is combined with systems strengthening and social engagement strategies in a way that reflects the multi-layered, social institutional problems.

  16. Catholics using contraceptives: religion, family planning, and interpretive agency in rural Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirsch, Jennifer S

    2008-06-01

    Research on how religion shapes contraceptive practices and fertility has paid insufficient attention to how people interpret religious teachings. This study draws on ethnographic fieldwork in Degollado, Mexico, to describe generational and social-contextual differences in how women interpret and use religious doctrine to achieve their fertility desires without jeopardizing their standing as devout Catholics. Contrasting the family planning beliefs and practices of young Mexican women with those of older women (many of whom are the younger women's parents and in-laws), in a rural town in which the religious regulation of everyday life is pervasive, reveals how a common set of religious teachings and principles can be used to guide two different generational strategies for fertility regulation. The ethnographic data presented here highlight the creativity with which people use religious frameworks to justify their behavior. Research exploring how religion--and culture more broadly--influences fertility and contraceptive use should give greater attention to the dynamic interplay between cultural beliefs and institutions, social context, and interpretive agency. (STUDIES

  17. Family-planning services in a low-performing rural area of Bangladesh: insights from field observations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanifi, S M; Bhuiya, A

    2001-09-01

    This paper mainly reports the results of an observational study carried out during 1994-1995 in five rural unions of Bangladesh to identify the barriers to adoption of family-planning methods. At the time of the survey, one-fifth of 1,889 mothers with a living child, aged less than five years, were practising modern family-planning methods. Of the methods used, oral pill was the most common (50%), followed by injectables (20%), female sterilization (13%), IUD (11%), and condom (4%). Various factors that were responsible for the low performance of the family-planning programme included: inadequacy of motivational work by the field workers, poor counselling on the management of contraceptive-related side-effects, inadequate response to the needs of clients, irregular field visits, and poor supervision and monitoring. The efficiency of the programme needs to be improved to meet the demand for family-planning methods in Chakaria, Bangladesh.

  18. The concept of cluster- villages as planning tool in the rural districts of Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Lea Louise Holst; Møller, Jørgen

    The Danish rural districts are transforming; structural and demographical changes are influencing the rural villages, and the contemporary rural districts can be characterized by both well-functioning and growing villages as well as declining and decaying villages. In addition to this, the merger...... important role to play in both the popular and the political debate and in relation to everyday living conditions. The debate about the future of rural Denmark is also very much a debate about the kind of welfare model we choose in self-governing, municipal Denmark. The centralised, specialised model based...

  19. Influence of Rural Land Institutional Reform on Urbanization During the 13th Five-Year Plan Period:A Case Study of Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen; Xiaohui; Qian; Fang

    2016-01-01

    The rural land institutions have confined the process of China’s urbanization for a long time. During the 13 th Five-Year Plan period, the Chinese government will push forward a new round of rural land institutional reform, so as to promote the restructuring of current rural land use pattern, change related elements concerning urbanization, and realize the transformation of the urbanization mode. Taking Jiangsu Province, a comprehensive pilot site of new urbanization at the provincial level in China, as an example, the paper summarizes the practical experience of rural land institutional reform in Jiangsu during recent years. Further, through analyzing the influence of rural land institutional reform on the urbanization process of Jiangsu Province during the 13 th Five-Year Plan period, the paper puts forward some policy measures, with the hope of providing a lasting impetus for the new urbanization in Jiangsu Province as well as a reference for other provinces in China.

  20. The Influence of the Mass Media on the Life Plans of Rural Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sillaste, G. G.

    2005-01-01

    Rural students, who live in the villages of Russia, are more resolved than ever to leave their native land. Their decision is influenced by the mass media, which plays a large role in determining their views and the way they relate to the world. In this article, the author examines the influence of the mass media on the life of rural students…

  1. The Influence of the Mass Media on the Life Plans of Rural Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sillaste, G. G.

    2005-01-01

    Rural students, who live in the villages of Russia, are more resolved than ever to leave their native land. Their decision is influenced by the mass media, which plays a large role in determining their views and the way they relate to the world. In this article, the author examines the influence of the mass media on the life of rural students…

  2. Community based study on married couples' family planning knowledge, attitude and practice in rural and urban Gambia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jammeh, Sulayman S S; Liu, Chieh-Yu; Cheng, Su-Fen; Lee-Hsieh, Jane

    2014-06-01

    Family planning services have been free of charge and available in all the health facilities in the Gambia since 1975 yet contraceptive prevalence is only 17.5% and even 6% in some areas. Since the last census in 2003, there existed no available data on married couples' contraception status. To explore married couples' family planning knowledge, attitudes, and practices in rural and urban Gambia and to analyze what factors may affect such knowledge, attitudes and practices. Quantitative cross-sectional study design was used. Through convenience sampling, 176 men and 235 women representing a total of 176 couples participated. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The mean scores of the married couples family planning knowledge, attitudes, and practices were 19.00 ± 6.11(ranging from 0 to 64), 6.90 ± 3.08 (0 to 14) and 4.69 ± 3.3 (0 to 19) respectively. Urban residents had higher scores on family planning practice than rural residents (pplanning knowledge, attitude and practice in Gambia", as well as suggesting broader health intervention programs in health education and promotion.

  3. Factors related to severe untreated tooth decay in rural adolescents: a case-control study for public health planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skaret, E; Weinstein, P; Milgrom, P; Kaakko, T; Getz, T

    2004-01-01

    In this case-control study of rural adolescents we identified factors to discriminate those who have high levels of tooth decay and receive treatment from those with similar levels who receive no treatment. The sample was drawn from all 12-20-year-olds (n = 439) in a rural high school in Washington State, U.S. The criterion for being included was 5 or more decayed, missing or filled teeth. The questionnaire included structure, history, cognition and expectation variables based on a model by Grembowski, Andersen and Chen. No structural variable was related to the dependent variable. Two of 10 history variables were related: perceived poor own dental health and perceived poor mother's dental health. Four of eight cognition variables were also predictive: negative beliefs about the dentist, not planning to go to a dentist even if having severe problems, not being in any club or playing on a sports team and not having a best friend. No relationship was found for the expectation variable 'usual source of care'. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that untreated tooth decay is associated with avoidance of care and point to the importance of history and cognition variables in planning efforts to improve oral health of rural adolescents.

  4. Problems and Countermeasures of Spatial Planning of Urban-rural Integration%城乡空间统筹规划的问题及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雒海潮; 刘荣增

    2014-01-01

    Spatial planning of urban-rural integration needs the development of urban and rural space as a whole,unification of planning,and promotion of urban-rural interaction and common prosperity.But in reality,spatial planning of urban-rural integration cannot effectively play the role.Spatial planning of urban-rural integration should strengthen the construction of the legal system,the scientific use of ru-ral land,and attach importance to the role of rural planning as well as the key towns planning,in order to achieve effectiveness to promote the integration of urban-rural development.%城乡空间统筹规划指将城市和乡村的空间发展作为整体统一规划、统筹考虑,促进城乡协调发展、共同繁荣。在实践中,城乡空间统筹规划有迫切需求,但由于现实中存在的各种障碍,城乡空间统筹规划的作用不能有效发挥。为此,城乡空间统筹规划应加强法律制度建设,科学利用乡村土地,重视乡村规划以及中心镇规划的作用,以实现有效推进城乡一体化发展。

  5. New Development of Urban-Rural Spatial Planning in China: A Case Study on Provincial Urban System Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    From a governmental perspective, after a thorough analysis on provincial urban system planning, this paper summarizes the new cognitions and consensuses of provincial urban system planning guided by the Scientific View of Development. It points out that there have been explicit definitions in related laws and regulations on the responsible main body, the review and approval procedure, and the planning content. The paper generalizes three "musts" in planning content, three "musts" in planning administration by superior government, and three "controls" by the government at provincial level.

  6. Local Action Groups and Rural Sustainable Development. A spatial multiple criteria approach for efficient territorial planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Palmisano, Giovanni Ottomano; Govindan, M.E., PhD.,, Kannan; Boggia, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    Local Action Groups in order to promote the objectives of Rural Sustainable Development within rural municipalities. Each Local Action Group applies the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats analysis in order to identify for its own rural municipalities the strategic elements to which...... and a Weakness factors and decision alternatives, as well as impossibility of ranking the decision alternatives. Thus, this research aims to overcome the drawbacks of the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats analysis and to support Local Action Group partnerships in the sustainability evaluation...

  7. Evaluation as a tool for planning: a case study on rural electrification; Avaliacao como instrumento de planejamento: estudo de caso em eletrificacao rural

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Marcio Giannini; Rodrigues, Alexia de Freitas; Paz, Luciana Rocha Leal da [Centro de Pesquisas de Energia Eletrica (CEPEL), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Camacho, Cristiane Farias [Fundacao Padre Leonel Franca, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The universalization of access of the electric energy is one of the goals established by the Brazilian government so as to attend the rural and urban population. The arrival of electric energy in remote and low income areas allows these populations to reach one of the basic conditions to improve the quality of life and citizenship. In order to achieve this goal efficiently, it is necessary to build tools that make possible the impact and process evaluation, searching the continuous improvement of the planning and decision making, either in the direction of the attendance of the proposed goals, or in the poverty mitigation. The knowledge originated from evaluation impact studies provides an important contribution to the improvement of social programs, and a return to society as how the public fund is being managed, promoting transparency and focus. In this context, tolls are developed so as to support the impact and process evaluation in terms of rural electrification publics policies, using a study case that includes about 23.000 questionnaires in 21 states, considering the moment before the access (ex-ante) and after (ex-post), during the years of 2000 and 2004. (author)

  8. Evaluation on the Implementation of Urban and Rural Planning Law and Some Policy Suggestions: A Case Study in Western China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang; Kai; Li; Hao; Zhang; Qingfei

    2015-01-01

    The study evaluates the implementation of the Urban and Rural Planning Law in western China through questionnaires, interviews, onsite visits, and literature analysis. Results show that, though the western region has made great progress in the study and publicity of the Law, as well as in their local legislation and administrative system adjustments, there are problems impeding the implementation of the Law, such as overlapping government administration, inadequate implementation measures, controversial provisions that cause operational difficulties, local legislative confusion, and poor legal awareness. As such, this article proposes suggestions as follows: to legalize the detailed implementation rules and regulations, as well as other related regulations and technical standards, in order to improve the system of urban and rural planning laws and regulations; to strengthen legal supervision to maintain the authority of the law; to formulate proper planning policy guidelines based on the specifi c conditions of western region; and to strengthen the publicity, education, and training of the Law so as to promote the publics’ legal awareness.

  9. Desencuentros entre desarrollo rural y neoliberalismo. El caso del Plan Meseta Tarasca, Michoacán, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rufino Díaz Cervantes

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En este documento se discute la experiencia y aportes sobre el desarrollo rural promovido por más de 25 años por el Plan Meseta Tarasca del Colegio de Postgraduados entre campesinos e indígenas purépechas del centro de Michoacán, México. Asimismo, se reflexionan las causas de su clausura en el contexto de la neoliberalización en México, sus trascendencias para la academia y el desarrollo campesino e indígena en la contemporaneidad.

  10. How the hands of time mould planning instruments : Iterative adaptation pushing limits in rural areas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Dijk, Terry

    2006-01-01

    Apart from the concept of space being a main concern of spatial planning, the concept of time, too, has a role. Not only by setting time limits to substantive plans; planning is also subject to time and the implications of this are analysed in this paper. Planning instruments age and need cyclic mai

  11. 我国乡村治理体系的形成及其对乡村规划的启示%The Evolution of Rural Governance System in China and its Influences to Rural Spatial Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐燕; 赵文宁; 顾朝林

    2015-01-01

    This paper reviews the development process of rural governance system in China, indicating that the current system of “countryside politics and village governance” is facing the new situation such as the weakening governance capacity of grass-roots authorities and the emergence of new governing bodies. Aiming at promoting practical rural planning, the paper conducts research about rural governance system, public goods supply, and rural planning reform. Dividing rural governance mechanisms into three categories: government, community and market, this paper focuses on how to achieve community-based supply of public goods via emerging “rural organizations”, as well as how to transform the public service center allocation and spatial planning philosophy and methods in rural planning accordingly.%文章梳理了我国乡村治理体系的发展历程,认为现行“乡政村治”模式面临着基层政权治理能力弱化、其他新型农村治理主体涌现的新形势,并从推进实用型乡村规划出发,开展乡村治理体系与公共物品供给和乡村规划改革研究。文章将乡村治理领域划分为公、共、私三大范畴,重点讨论如何借助新兴“乡村组织”实现基于“共”的公共物品供给,以及据此改变乡村规划中公共服务中心配置的具体策略和途径。

  12. The Integrated Rural Planning System, an evaluative and participative decision support system to implement sustainable urban development in the Ballons des Vosges Regional Natural Park

    OpenAIRE

    Bombenger, Pierre-Henri; Waaub, Jean-Philippe

    2010-01-01

    International audience; This paper presents the methodology developed for the experimental implementation of the Integrated Rural Planning System (IRPS) in the Regional Natural Park of Ballons des Vosges. This involves a socio-technical approach aiming at an increased inclusion of sustainable land use planning principles in local urban plans (LUP). This approach is enforced by using standard geographic information system (GIS), simulation of management scenarios and multicriteria decision aid...

  13. Differences in Family Planning Services by Rural-urban Geography: Survey of Title X-Supported Clinics In Great Plains and Midwestern States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Summer L; Starr, Katherine A; Hellerstedt, Wendy L; Gilliam, Melissa L

    2016-03-01

    Understanding the nature of rural-urban variation in U.S. family planning services would help address disparities in unmet contraceptive need. In 2012, some 558 Title X-supported clinics in 16 Great Plains and Midwestern states were surveyed. Rural-urban commuting area (RUCA) codes were used to categorize clinic locations as urban, large rural city, small rural town or isolated small rural town. Bivariate analyses examined key domains of service provision by RUCA category and clinic type. The proportion of clinics offering walk-in appointments was lower in isolated small rural towns (47%) than in the other RUCA categories (67-73%). Results were similar for sites that do not specialize in family planning or reproductive health, but no variation was seen among specialty clinics. Overall, availability of evening or weekend appointments varied in a linear fashion, falling from 73% in urban areas to 29% in isolated small rural towns. On-site provision of most hormonal methods was most common in urban areas and least common in isolated small rural towns, while provision of nonhormonal methods was similar across RUCA categories. Sixty percent of clinics provided IUDs or implants. For clinics that did not, the only barriers that varied geographically were low IUD demand and lack of trained IUD providers; these barriers were most common in isolated rural towns (42% and 70%, respectively). While important characteristics, such as clinics' specialization (or lack thereof), are linked to the provision of family planning services, geographic disparities exist. Copyright © 2016 by the Guttmacher Institute.

  14. PLAN ESTRATÉGICO DE TURISMO RURAL SOSTENIBLE DE LAS PARROQUIAS SAN ISIDRO Y CHARAPOTÓ–MANABÍ, ECUADOR

    OpenAIRE

    Johnny Patricio Bayas Escudero; Wilmer Armando Avellán Loor; Angie Melissa Bermúdez Revelo

    2015-01-01

    El plan estratégico se realizó con el objetivo de que las parroquias San Isidro y Charapotó impelementen e impulsen el turismo rural sostenible como alternativa de desarrollo a través de la aplicación de una herramienta de planificación y gestión turística, con lo cual se facilitará el uso adecuado de los recursos turísticos para mejorar la calidad de vida de sus habitantes. El diseño de este plan constó de tres fases; en la primera: se elaboró un diagnóstico, con base a información propor...

  15. Suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts among rural young Chinese: the effect of suicide death by a family member or friend.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jie; Zhou, Li

    2011-10-01

    Suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts have been found to be predictors of suicide. This study aims to estimate the suicidal behaviors in rural China. We studied 784 respondents as informants of suicide and 1,247 respondents as informants of community living controls, with the NCS-R measures on suicidal behaviors. The lifetime prevalence of ideation, plans, and attempts among the informants of suicide was 18.1, 4.1, and 1.7%, and the 12-month prevalence was 12.1, 2.2, and 0.4%, respectively. The prevalence scores were higher for the family members than for friends of suicide. The risk factors for suicidal behaviors include being parents or spouse of the suicide, female gender, low education level, and being never married. As suicidal behaviors are more observed among those who have a suicide death in the family or among close friends, suicide screening and intervention efforts should be focused on this type of population.

  16. Assessing the Relationship Between Hazard Mitigation Plan Quality and Rural Status in a Cohort of 57 Counties from 3 States in the Southeastern U.S.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Salvesen

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Rural counties face unique challenges with regard to disaster vulnerability and resilience. We compared the quality of hazard mitigation plans (HMPs completed in accordance with provisions of the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 from 21 urban and 36 rural counties in three southeastern states. HMPs were content analyzed to calculate a score for six principles of plan quality. Generalized linear models were used to assess how the mean number of items within each of the six principles was related to urban status, adjusting for total county population and state-level differences. Adjusted mean ratios were higher in urban areas for goals, fact base, policies and participation. Rural areas performed better than urban counterparts in both implementation and monitoring and inter-organizational coordination. Our results suggest that there are important differences in hazard mitigation plan quality between urban and rural counties. Future research should explore characteristics of urban and rural counties that explain the observed differences, and whether such differences can help explain the inequalities in response and recovery to disasters between urban and rural counties.

  17. Transformation of rural-urban cultural landscapes in Europe: Integrating approaches from ecological, socio-economic and planning perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Pauleit

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a review of the presentations and synthesis of the discussion during a Symposium on ‘Transformation of rural-urban cultural landscapes in Europe: Integrating approaches from ecological, socio-economic and planning perspectives’ held at the European IALE conference 2009 in Salzburg, Austria. The symposium addressed an extended and much debated subject of the landscape dynamics in Europe. The papers presented during the symposium showcased a broad spectrum of cutting edge research questions and challenges faced by the cultural landscapes of Europe. During six sessions, 18 presentations (besides 20 posters were made by 36 scientists (including co-authors from 14 countries, representing 25 institutions of Europe. A glance at the presentations revealed that the state-of-the-art focuses on driving forces and selected aspects of transformation processes, methods of its analysis and planning support as dimensions of research in this field. However, inter- and transdisciplinary research and integrative approaches to the development of rural-urban cultural landscapes are needed. The extended discussion session at the latter part of the symposium highlighted some critical and unaddressed research questions which remained a pending agenda for future research.

  18. 荷兰乡村地区规划演变历程与启示%The Evolution of Dutch Rural Planning and Its Implications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张驰; 张京祥; 陈眉舞

    2016-01-01

    The Netherlands is similar to China to a large extent in terms of high density of population and the lack of per capita arable land, but it has better rural environment and stronger agriculture industry due to its prominent and experienced rural planning. This paper introduces the historical development of Dutch rural planning and discusses the relationship between Dutch urban and rural planning. The rural land consolidation, rural land development and spatial planning are discussed to analyze the evolution of Dutch planning philosophy in rural areas. It is expected that the paper can provide some experience to the rural planning and construction in China, such as multiple planning integration, innovation of land development, land property transaction system reform and diversity of rural governance.%与欧洲其他很多国家不同,荷兰因为地少人多的基本国情而与我国存在较多相似之处,但较之我国却拥有更为优越的乡村生态环境和产业化前景。本文缘于荷兰在乡村规划上的悠久传统和积极表现,聚焦于荷兰城乡规划体系中的乡村规划视角,从土地整理与开发、空间规划这两大层面梳理与剖析其乡村地区发展规划的演变历程和理念转向,由此获得中国乡村地区规划建设可资借鉴的若干经验启示,主要包括城乡共生多规融合、土地开发模式创新、土地权属深化探索、乡村发展多元共治等。

  19. Participation and power: reflections on the role of government in land use planning and rural development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aarts, N.; Leeuwis, C.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: To examine the role of power in interactive policymaking settings. Design/Methodology/Approach: A literature study is combined with four case studies relating to citizen participation in natural resource management and rural development in the Netherlands. Findings: Many of the identified p

  20. Participation and Power: Reflections on the Role of Government in Land Use Planning and Rural Development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aarts, M.N.C.; Leeuwis, C.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: To examine the role of power in interactive policymaking settings. Design/Methodology/Approach: A literature study is combined with four case studies relating to citizen participation in natural resource management and rural development in the Netherlands. Findings: Many of the identified p

  1. The Life Plans of Rural School Students in Russia, China, and Kazakhstan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abankina, T. V.

    2014-01-01

    Data from a comparative study of the educational, career, and migration strategies of rural school students in Russia, China, and Kazakhstan show high levels of educational aspiration. This is likely to increase the flow of population to urban areas, to increase the rate of urbanization, and to have demographic and economic consequences that will…

  2. Integrating social preference in GIS-aided planning for forestry and conservation activities: a case study from rural SE Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Edward L; Thiha

    2002-08-01

    Land-use planning using geographic information systems (GIS) commonly emphasizes biophysical spatial data; however planning can be improved by integrating spatial sets of socioeconomic data into the GIS. As an example, we compared a traditional GIS-aided forestry planning protocol that considered only biophysical suitability, with an integrated GIS-aided approach that incorporated both biophysical and socioeconomic suitability. The analyses were conducted for the planning of plantation investments in the Kyaukpadaung Township in the dry zone of central Myanmar. The traditional approach used three biophysical layers for suitability: land use, slope, and accessibility. In contrast, the integrated GIS approach included biophysical suitability data, perceptions and preferences of local villagers towards forestry (social suitability), and quantitative socioeconomic data. The results indicated that the integrated approach provided two principal benefits over the traditional method. First, the integrated method resulted in a more precise idea of suitable sites for plantation investment that could benefit more rural people and also lead to greater investment efficiency. Second, incorporating social preference into the GIS takes into account the crucial element of social capital (viz., social preference), which should lead to higher levels of community acceptance of plantation projects because those plantations would be established on socially suitable land. A second GIS exercise showed how conservation investment decisions could be informed using the integrated method. The results of this study support the idea that GIS-aided planning activities can be enhanced through the incorporation of social data into the analysis. When applicable, spatial data collection efforts for GIS-based planning exercises should incorporate spatial socioeconomic data.

  3. The concept of cluster- villages as planning tool in the rural districts of Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Lea Louise Holst; Møller, Jørgen

    of municipalities in 2007 has resulted in geographical larger municipalities in which the distance between the lived lives in the rural villages seem increasingly alienated from the municipal government and civil service. These challenges require new methods and approaches that address the reality of the rural...... villages in order to secure their future. This paper will address the concept of cluster-villages as a possible approach to strengthen the conditions of contemporary Danish villages. Cluster-villages is a concept that gather a number of villages in a network-structure where the villages both work together...... to forskellige positioner ser vi en ny mulighed for landsbyudvikling, som vi kalder Clustervillages. In order to investigate the potentials and possibilities of the cluster-village concept the paper will seek to unfold the concept strategically; looking into the benefits of such concept. Further, the paper seeks...

  4. Research on Rural Public Service System Based on the Data of "The Eleventh Five-Year Plan"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Rural public service is the services provided to rural residents to fulfill the needs of agricultural production, development of rural economy and improvement of peasant’s living standard. Improving rural public service system is good for promoting the development of rural economy, enhancing the quality of peasant’s living standard, narrowing the gap between rural and urban areas and constructing socialistic harmonious society. Currently, our rural power grid construction can meet the essential needs of economic and social development in rural areas. Rural water conservancy structure also fulfills the needs of agricultural production and peasant’s life. Rural traffic condition has an obvious improvement. Education, culture, medical care and other public services all have a general enhancement. However, comparing to the city, rural public service system still exists some problems including imperfect infrastructures, low-quality education and medical treatment, low-level living environment and so on. Therefore, it is needed to establish a long-acting system of rural public service to boost the reform of rural basic education, improve the facilities of rural medical treatment, promote the reform of rural cooperative medical service, enhance the management of rural governance and improve the quality of rural life and environment.

  5. Knowledge and use of modern family planning methods by rural women in Zambia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Mubita-Ngoma

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of the study was to determine knowledge and use of modem contractive methods among reproductive age group rural women in Zambia. The study is a descriptive cross-sectional study of 105 randomly selected rural women. Data was collected using semi-structured interview schedule and analyzed using EPI Info version 6 statistical packages. The findings revealed that 63% of the respondents were within the age group 21-35 years, 65% were married and 64% were peasant farmers. 90% of the respondents had heard about modem contraceptives and their main source of information was the Health worker (62%. 76% of the respondents stated that modem contraceptive methods could be obtained from public health facilities. 56% of the respondents were currently using modem contraceptive methods and 46% were not using modem contraceptive methods. Reasons for non use of contraceptive methods were religious beliefs (50%, partner disapproval (30% and side effects (20%. The results showed a relationship between educational level and use of contraceptives (Chi-square 7.83, df = 3, P < 0.05 and spouse approval or support of contractive methods and use of contraceptive (Chisquare 5.9, df = 2, P < 0.05. Therefore, efforts to promote modem contraceptive use among the rural women should be intensified to overcome barriers to contraceptive use and should involve men.

  6. Temporal Differences of Urban-Rural Human Biometeorological Factors for Planning and Tourism in Szeged, Hungary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronja Vitt

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Heat load and cold stress can provoke annoyance and even health issues. These climatic situations should be avoided by tourists and locals to prevent negative experiences. Thermal comfort indices are required, as they combine meteorological and thermophysiological parameters. The Physiologically Equivalent Temperature (PET is easy to understand and interpret also for nonexperts like tourists or decision-makers. The Hungarian Meteorological Service and the University of Szeged run an urban and a rural weather station close to Szeged, which build the basis for the human biometeorological analysis for a twelve-year period between 2000 and 2011. The maximum, mean, and minimum air temperature of both stations were compared to detect the differences of thermal dynamics. Heat and cold stress are quantified by analyzing the PET frequencies at 14 CET. The air temperature of urban areas is on average 1.0°C warmer than rural areas (11.4°C. Heat stress is more frequent in urbanized areas (6.3% during summer months at 14 CET, while thermal acceptance is more frequent for surrounding rural areas (5.9% in the same period. The Climate-Tourism/Transfer-Information-Scheme is a possibility to present the meteorological and human biometeorological data which is interesting for decision-making and tourism in a well-arranged way.

  7. Comparison of Elementary Educational Facility Allocation Patterns and Planning Strategies in Rural Areas:Case Studies of Central and Eastern China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao; Min; Shao; Lin; Li; Wei; Qian; Fang

    2016-01-01

    Elementary educational facilities are one of the essential public service facilities in rural China. Based on case studies of two countylevel cities in central and eastern China, this paper explores issues regarding a rational allocation of elementary educational facilities in rural areas, including different allocation patterns and effects, and rural residents’ views on elementary educational facilities, as well as their preference when choosing schools. This paper, on the basis of empirical studies, concludes that relevant policies and planning strategies should be adjusted in accordance with the general trends of rural population being decreasing continuously and the student pool concentrating toward towns, so as to achieve an efficient and fair allocation of elementary educational facilities.

  8. On Vitality of the "Science in Urban-Rural Planning"%论城乡规划学学科生命力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈清基

    2012-01-01

    This paper brings forward the issue of the vitality of "Science in Urban-Rural Planning" . The author argues that the ontology of planning, basic researches, logical thinking and academic criticism are important components for advancing the science of urban-Rural Planning. Urban-Rural Planning is a science of studying the evolving mechanisms, modes and rules of the formation of urban-rural environment. It is also a science of studying the theories and methods of urban-rural planning. The characteristics of the science in Urban-Rural Planning include synthesis, subjectivity-objectivity, time-space-future, and control. The ontology of planning is the fundamental element of the science in urban-rural' planning, basic research is the necessary condition, logical thinking is the essential support, and academic criticism is the approach for self-perfection.%提出了城乡规划学学科生命力的命题.认为,城乡规划学本体认识、基础研究、逻辑思维、学术批评是提升城乡规划学学科生命力的重要方面.城乡规划学是研究城乡人居环境的演化机制、模式和规律,研究科学进行城乡规划(建设和管理)的理论、方法的规律的学科.城乡规划学的特征包括:综合性、主-客观性、时-空-未来性和控制性.本体认识是城乡规划学的立身之本,基础研究是城乡规划学的必要条件,逻辑思维是城乡规划学存在的必要支撑,学术批评是城乡规划学自我完善的途径和机制.

  9. El potencial agrológico en la ordenación del suelo rural; estudio comparado de tres casos en Asturias = Agrological potential in rural land planning; comparative study of three cases in Asturies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Ortega Montequín

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Mediante este trabajo se relacionan los suelos naturales (edafología con los suelos urbanísticos rurales a través de tres casos en Asturias, con objeto de establecer un enfoque en la ordenación del territorio en que se consideren los suelos rurales como parte del sistema productivo. A lo largo de este artículo se presenta parte de una tesis doctoral por compendio de publicaciones titulada El potencial agrológico y su consideración en la Ordenación del Territorio. El caso de Asturias.Through this work the soil are overlaped with planning rural land through three cases in Asturias, in order to set a focus on spatial planning where rural lands are considered as a part of the productive system. Along this article is presented a part of a doctoral thesis (by publications called Potential agrological and its consideration by the Land Planning. The case of Asturies.

  10. Quantify the landscape effect and environmental sustainability of rural re(g)ion planning at town scale near metropolis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shiliang LIU; Yuhong DONG; Minxia WEN; Bin CHEN

    2009-01-01

    The urban fringe, which can be seen as a special form of regional ecosystem with a spatial transition from urban to rural areas, has strong heterogeneity and is a typical ecologically sensitive area. The expansion of cities and the landscape effect of the changes have attracted wide attention. The primary aim of this study is to obtain an understanding of the spatial patterns of landscape conversion and the corresponding environmental sustainability. With the help of GIS and Fragstats software, the changes of landscape patterns before and after town planning were compared in An-Ding town of Beijing, of which the sustainability was also revealed based on the ecological footprint using social and economic statistic data. Theresults showed that the landscape pattern changed greatly during its conversion from several villages to a small town and the landscape fragmentation increased due to road construction. Meanwhile, human disturbance increased with the constructed land extension. For the gap between the ecological footprint and the biological capacity, AnDing town ran an ecological deficit at that period, which means it was unsustainable. However, the environmental sustainability decreased after planning due to the degraded green land and forest. The results suggested that ecological management should be strengthened during the town planning period.

  11. THE PROBLEM OF PROTECTING THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT IN SPATIAL PLANNING IN RURAL AREAS IN SOUTH-EASTERN POLAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogusława Baran-Zgłobicka

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Local planning in Poland encompasses spatial development conditions and directions study for a district (“study” and a local spatial development plan (“local plan”. The study is the only planning document that is required for the entire area of a district. It outlines directions of spatial policy and spatial development. Detailed investigations encompassed nine functionally diverse rural districts in SE Poland. The objective was to assess the description of environmental determinants and the problems of natural resources protection presented in the studies. The adequacy of the adopted approach to the subject matter and its correlation with spatial development directions were analysed. The analysed studies usually provide an exhaustive description of (a natural resources and the nature conservation system along with restrictions in environment use, and (b the problem of raw materials. Not all studies, however, highlight the local, very often unique characteristics of the natural environment. Natural hazards are marginalized in some studies. There is also a lack of concrete solutions for the protection of space and improvement of spatial order.

  12. Rural landscape and tourism planning design of Poyang Lake River Basin%鄱阳湖流域乡村景观旅游规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金姝兰; 宋君武; 侯立春

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays,rural tourism has become the research focus of economic development and tourism in Poyang Lake River basin. With the protection of cultural heritage to rural tourism landscape planning and design of Poyang Lake basin is rich in tourism resources,tourism resources;Protect environment,improve the taste of;to revitalize the rural economy,promote social harmony and significance.Faced with the study area of the rural landscape planning and design difficulties,development and protection of conflict;lack of cognition and protection of landscape resources trait,leading to homogenization of landscape;landscape type single scattered spots,etc..In this connection,puts forward the production of rural landscape,rural landscape architecture,integrated rural landscape and tourism planning and design ideas.%如今,乡村旅游已成为鄱阳湖流域经济开发和旅游研究的热点。对鄱阳湖流域乡村旅游景观进行规划设计具有保护文化遗产,丰富旅游资源;保护环境,提高旅游资源的品味度;振兴乡村经济,促进社会和谐等意义。研究区乡村景观规划设计面临的困境有,开发与保护相矛盾;缺乏景观资源特质性的认知与保护,导致景观同质化;景观类型单一,景点分散等。就此,提出了生产型乡村景观、乡村建筑景观、综合性乡村景观旅游规划设计思路。

  13. Two-Step Optimization for Spatial Accessibility Improvement: A Case Study of Health Care Planning in Rural China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Luo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A recent advancement in location-allocation modeling formulates a two-step approach to a new problem of minimizing disparity of spatial accessibility. Our field work in a health care planning project in a rural county in China indicated that residents valued distance or travel time from the nearest hospital foremost and then considered quality of care including less waiting time as a secondary desirability. Based on the case study, this paper further clarifies the sequential decision-making approach, termed “two-step optimization for spatial accessibility improvement (2SO4SAI.” The first step is to find the best locations to site new facilities by emphasizing accessibility as proximity to the nearest facilities with several alternative objectives under consideration. The second step adjusts the capacities of facilities for minimal inequality in accessibility, where the measure of accessibility accounts for the match ratio of supply and demand and complex spatial interaction between them. The case study illustrates how the two-step optimization method improves both aspects of spatial accessibility for health care access in rural China.

  14. Urban Rural Integrate Planning Compilation With Colaboration Theory%协同理论下的城乡统筹规划编制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗彦; 杜枫; 邱凯付

    2013-01-01

    城乡统筹已成为现代城市规划的突出主题,但目前城乡统筹规划的编制存在不确定性,地方经验也不完全一致。研究立足于地方实践案例总结,运用协同理论,尝试构建城乡统筹的协同规划模型,提出全域城乡用地、空间管制、居民点体系、产业布局规划、基础设施和公共设施等方面的规划指引,推进城乡统筹规划的系统发展。%Urban rural integration has become a theme of urban rural planning, and different cities compile the plan with local experiences. The paper proposes a col aborative planning model in urban rural land use, spatial governance, residence system, industrial layout, infrastructure, and public service, to promote urban rural integrate planning development.

  15. Rural development index: a contribution for the planning of the wide using of the access to electric power; Indicador de desenvolvimento rural: uma contribuicao para o planejamento da universalizacao do acesso a energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giannini, Marcio; Souza, Danielle; Batista, Norma [Centro de Pesquisas de Energia Eletrica (CEPEL), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)]. E-mails: giannini@cepel.br; dpires@cepel.br; norma@cepel.br; Camacho, Cristiane F.; Paz, Luciana; Rodrigues, Alexia [Fundacao Padre Leonel Franca (FPLF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)]. E-mails: ccamacho@cepel.br; lrocha@cepel.br; alexia@cepel.br

    2006-07-01

    This paper aims to present a methodology to be applied in the evaluation of projects of rural electrification including those related to the social, economic, energy and environmental areas. Based on the analysis of data collected in a large field research that covered all country, it was created the Rural Development Index (IDR) that seeks to summarize the acquired information to help in the evaluation and planning of the Electric Sector's actions concerned to the rural areas. Thus, it is presented the results of the methodology application in three Brazilian states during the two phases of the research, before and after the supply of electric energy in a regular and safe basis. (author)

  16. Routine Power Oriented Urban Rural Integrate Planning System%面向规划事权的济南城乡统筹规划体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵莉; 周东

    2012-01-01

    Under the mutti-ievel government situation, one level planning administrative government deals with one level planning power. Urban rural integrate planning has to deal with planning function and power issue. Jinan designates the urban area as planned area, and establishes an urban-rural integrate planning system: master plan, town and village system planning at macro level; central city regulatory planning, core area sub-district planning at intermediate level; site planning, new countryside planning at micro level. The system embodies town and village system planning, southern mountainous area preservation and development planning, and new countryside planning, and realizes urban rural planning integration.%在我国多级政府管理体制下,一级规划主管部门对应一级规划事权.城乡统筹规划如何面向规划事权是充分发挥规划职能、构建和谐社会不可回避的问题.济南市立足实际,面向管理需求,对应规划事权,划定市区为规划区,构建由宏观层面的城市总体规划、市区镇村体系规划,中观层面的中心城控制性规划、重点地区次区域规划,微观层面的修建性详细规划、新农村建设规划组成的城乡统筹规划体系,尤其是加强了承上启下的市区镇村体系规划、重点区域的南部山区保护与发展规划、覆盖乡村全域的新农村建设规划,实现市区暨规划区域乡规划的多层次统筹.

  17. 农村土地规划管理中的问题及解决办法%The problems and solutions in rural land planning and management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王继明

    2015-01-01

    从土地利用规划体系、管理结构设置、城乡土地规划管理等方面着手,分析了目前农村土地规划管理中存在的问题,并提出了健全土地规划管理体系、建立土地长期规划目标等对策,为我国农村土地资源的合理利用提供了保障。%From the land use planning system,management structure setting,urban and rural land planning and management and other aspects, this paper analyzed the existing problems in current rural land planning management,put forward sound land planning and management system, establish land planning long-term goal and other countermeasures,provided guarantee for the rational use of our land resources in rural areas.

  18. 淮阳新型农村社区规划与反思%The Planning and Reflection on New Rural Community in Huaiyang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾理

    2013-01-01

      In 2012, the new rural community planning and the new rural community spatial development planning started in Huaiyang Wangdian, and the detailed planning of the center community construction promoted at the same time. The project introduced the method of architecture planning, which reflected more humanistic care, and reduced the project repeatability. Based on this, the article discussed and expected to provide feasible ways for the new rural community planning.%  2012年,淮阳县王店乡新型农村社区规划、淮阳县王店乡新型农村社区空间发展规划启动编制,淮阳县王店乡中心社区修建详细规划同步推进。该项目引入了建筑策划的方法,在体现更多人文关怀的同时也在一定程度上减少项目反复。本文以此为例展开讨论,期望为新型农村社区规划工作提供可行的思路。

  19. Access to Money and Relation to Women's Use of Family Planning Methods Among Young Married Women in Rural India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Elizabeth; Donta, Balaiah; Dasgupta, Anindita; Ghule, Mohan; Battala, Madhusudana; Nair, Saritha; Silverman, Jay; Jadhav, Arun; Palaye, Prajakta; Saggurti, Niranjan; Raj, Anita

    2016-06-01

    Objectives The social positioning (i.e. social status and autonomy) of women in the household facilitates women's access to and decision-making power related to family planning (FP). Women's access to spending money, which may be an indicator of greater social positioning in the household, may also be greater among women who engage in income generating activities for their families, regardless of women's status in the household. However, in both scenarios, access to money may independently afford greater opportunity to obtain family planning services among women. This study seeks to assess whether access to money is associated with FP outcomes independently of women's social positioning in their households. Methods Using survey data from married couples in rural Maharashtra, India (n = 855), crude and adjusted regression was used to assess women's access to their own spending money in relation to past 3 month use of condoms and other forms of contraceptives (pills, injectables, intrauterine device). Results Access to money (59 %) was associated with condom and other contraceptive use (AORs ranged 1.5-1.8). These findings remained significant after adjusting for women's FP decision-making power in the household and mobility to seek FP services. Conclusion While preliminary, findings suggest that access to money may increase women's ability to obtain FP methods, even in contexts where social norms to support women's power in FP decision-making may not be readily adopted.

  20. Spatial Planning of Rural tourism with MAPPAC technique. Case study Khur and Biabanak County, (Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Ali Faraji Sabokbar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Reviewing the concepts of space and tourism industry, tourism is in an old, deep, unbreakable bound with spatial and physical dimensions. In this way, the lack of systematic and scientific ranking process in spatial locating of rural tourism spots and also improper distribution of infrastructures are the critical deficiencies in this field. The research intends to introduce the hidden potentials and unique capabilities of Khur and Biabanak County, Iran. And prioritize their tourism spots. So tourism planners would be able to recognize proper space distribution. First, the weights of each criterion were calculated by a pairwise comparison questionnaire of AHP method, and MAPPAC technique was used for ranking. AHP was done in Expert Choice software and MAPPAC in MS Excel. Results showed that villages such as Bayaze, Jandagh, Mehrejan, Garmeh, and Iraj which are also older have a higher rank.

  1. 县域城乡统筹空间布局规划的重点与策略--以赵县城乡统筹规划实践为例%Focus and Strategy of Urban-rural Integrated Spatial Layout Planning-- Taking Zhaoxian Urban-rural Integrated Planning Practice as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文录

    2013-01-01

    城乡统筹规划的重要任务是解决城乡空间布局问题,而城乡空间布局需要在规划实践中不断探寻更好的方式方法及重点内容。本文从赵县城乡统筹规划的实践出发,探讨了县域空间布局规划的重点和重要策略。其经验将有助于县市域编制城乡统筹规划借鉴和参考。%The important task of urban-rural integrated plan-ing is urban and rural space layout, and the layout of urba-n-rural space need bet er ways and key content constantly seeking in planning practice. This paper from the practice of Zhaoxian urban-rural integrated planning, discusses the key and important strategy of the county area space layout planin-g. The experience wil contribute to the county urban and rural planning reference.

  2. Model for rural transportation planning considering simulating mobility and traffic kills in the badger Meles meles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jaarsma, C.F.; Langevelde, van F.; Baveco, J.M.; Eupen, van M.; Arisz, J.

    2007-01-01

    Large-scale spatial planning requires careful use and presentation of spatial data as it provides a means for communication with local stakeholders and decision makers. This is especially true for endangered species, such as the badger (Meles meles) in the Netherlands. To effectively mitigate the

  3. The Exploration of Urban-rural Integration Planning Based on the "Rural Management":Taking the Urban-rural planning for Kaijiang in Sichuan for Example%基于“乡村经营”理念的城乡统筹规划探索——以四川省开江县城乡统筹规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周蝉鸣

    2012-01-01

    As villages are the most basic living space and social subjects,promotion of rural development is the core of the urban-rural integration planning.The paper introduces the concept of "rural management" by citing the case of urban-rural planning for Sichuan Kaijiang,elucidates the resources and key issues for operating the rural,and emphasizes the overall spatial coverage of rural development and regional connections based on the spatial co-ordination.The paper expands on the integrating thinking of rural management strategies and spatial layout in the levels of county,urban district and inter-region.%乡村是最基本的生存空间和社会主体,促进乡村发展是城乡统筹规划的核心。本文引入"乡村经营"理念,以四川省开江县城乡统筹规划为例,明确经营乡村的资源条件和重点解决问题;并从经营的空间统筹出发,强调乡村发展的空间全覆盖与区域联系。本文分县域、城市规划区和跨域统筹思考经营乡村的策略与规划布局。

  4. Establishing an Urban-Rural Planning Subject with BFU Characteristics%构建北林特色的城乡规划学科体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李翅

    2012-01-01

      首先分析了北京林业大学的办学思想、学科优势和专业特点,提出了城乡规划学科特色以及学科建设的基本思路;其次探讨了城乡规划学科课程体系优化的四项措施;最后,对构建北林特色的城乡规划学科发展进行了探讨,并指出:我校城乡规划学科发展基于建筑-城市规划-风景园林的“融合共生”,走向城市“生态园林化”的城乡规划学科体系,为社会的可持续发展提供可靠的保障。%  The paper analyzes the educational principle and specialties of Beijing Forestry University as well as the characteristics of Urban-Rural Planning Subject. It elaborates four measures to optimize the Urban-Rural Planning Subject and explores how to establish an Urban-Rural Planning Subject with BFU characteristics. It figures out that this subject in BFU is based on a fusion-symbiosis of the Urban Planning and Landscape Architecture and that an Urban-Rural Planning Subject wil promote the sustainable development.

  5. New Resource-Wise Planning Strategies for Smart Urban-Rural Development in Finland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Rönkkö

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the opportunities and challenges for resource-wise development strategies in regional planning. Spatial planning integrates the key aspects, transportation, housing, and food production which are, on many occasions, stated as the most significant consumption factors causing environmental impacts. In light of the challenges that regions are currently facing in Finland, we are drawing attention to the role of strategic spatial planning as demand-responsive resource management, a theme which is still inadequately addressed within regional development and planning in Finland. In many other fields of society, innovative data-based products and demand- and user-driven services are considered important sources of success in the future. Such strategies combine different types of service providers, like deliveries for groceries or restaurant meals, mobile healthcare services, or public transport with on-demand services. We highlight the fact that a regionally large and sparsely populated country, such as Finland, cannot achieve success solely through centralisation. Instead, smart networking, co-creation, and innovative cyber-physical solutions are vital for the utilisation of the entire country’s resource potentiality. In conclusion, we underpin the need for a framework, which would offer a strategic support scheme for resource-wise development, resource optimization, and closure of yield gaps. In our view it is necessary to begin to envision, strategise, and develop user- and demand-responsive development strategies with a specific aim for sustainable, resource-wise ways of life in northern regions, also outside the growing urban centres, and innovate solutions that help individuals, communities, and the whole society to renew and manage resources wisely.

  6. The Uncertainties on the GIS Based Land Suitability Assessment for Urban and Rural Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, H.; Zhan, Q.; Zhan, M.

    2017-09-01

    The majority of the research on the uncertainties of spatial data and spatial analysis focuses on some specific data feature or analysis tool. Few have accomplished the uncertainties of the whole process of an application like planning, making the research of uncertainties detached from practical applications. The paper discusses the uncertainties of the geographical information systems (GIS) based land suitability assessment in planning on the basis of literature review. The uncertainties considered range from index system establishment to the classification of the final result. Methods to reduce the uncertainties arise from the discretization of continuous raster data and the index weight determination are summarized. The paper analyzes the merits and demerits of the "Nature Breaks" method which is broadly used by planners. It also explores the other factors which impact the accuracy of the final classification like the selection of class numbers, intervals and the autocorrelation of the spatial data. In the conclusion part, the paper indicates that the adoption of machine learning methods should be modified to integrate the complexity of land suitability assessment. The work contributes to the application of spatial data and spatial analysis uncertainty research on land suitability assessment, and promotes the scientific level of the later planning and decision-making.

  7. THE UNCERTAINTIES ON THE GIS BASED LAND SUITABILITY ASSESSMENT FOR URBAN AND RURAL PLANNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Liu

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The majority of the research on the uncertainties of spatial data and spatial analysis focuses on some specific data feature or analysis tool. Few have accomplished the uncertainties of the whole process of an application like planning, making the research of uncertainties detached from practical applications. The paper discusses the uncertainties of the geographical information systems (GIS based land suitability assessment in planning on the basis of literature review. The uncertainties considered range from index system establishment to the classification of the final result. Methods to reduce the uncertainties arise from the discretization of continuous raster data and the index weight determination are summarized. The paper analyzes the merits and demerits of the “Nature Breaks” method which is broadly used by planners. It also explores the other factors which impact the accuracy of the final classification like the selection of class numbers, intervals and the autocorrelation of the spatial data. In the conclusion part, the paper indicates that the adoption of machine learning methods should be modified to integrate the complexity of land suitability assessment. The work contributes to the application of spatial data and spatial analysis uncertainty research on land suitability assessment, and promotes the scientific level of the later planning and decision-making.

  8. SOCIO - DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS AND PREVALENCE OF UNMET NEED FOR FAMILY PLANNING IN URBAN AND RURAL FIELD PRACTICE AREAS OF M . R . MEDICAL COLLEGE , KALABURAGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Waseem Faraz

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Millions of women in developing countries would prefer to avoid a pregnancy by not using any form of contraception. Hence unmet need can be powerful concept for family planning programmes. Today, more than 220 million women in developing countries report having an unmet need for family planning at different stages of their reproductive lives. “Unmet need can be powerful concept for family planning programmes. First, it is based on women’s own statements, an answer to survey question. Second, it identifies the group most likely to be interested in contraception. Third, it poses a clear challenge to reach and serve these women”. OBJECTIVES : 1 To assess the magnitude of Unmet need for family planning among married women of reproductive age group (15 – 44 years. 2 To identify the socio - demographic factors associated with unmet need for family planning. MATERIALS AND METHODS : A cross - sectional study was carried out in the Urban and Rural health training Centers of Department of Community Medicine. The study population included 563 married women from rural and 924 married women from urban area aged 15 - 44 years. The data was collected using pre tested proforma and was analyzed using percentages and Chi - Square test. RESULTS : The unmet need for family planning was 28.9% in urban and 40.5% in rural study populations. The overall unmet need is low at the beginning of reproductive age, but it increased and reached a peak in the mid - twenties & then declined. CONCLUSION : Despite a fair knowledge about the family planning methods, various socio - cultural and problems were responsible for the gap between a woman’s expressed need and utilization of contraceptives. Addressing these problems and barriers would help in the long run to reduce the unmet need. KEYWORDS : Unmet needs; Contraception; Spacing; Limiting.

  9. 基于色彩规划的新农村风貌建设探讨%Discussion on New Rural Appearance Construction Based on Color Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭颖

    2011-01-01

    With changing rural architectural environment as the focus of new rural construction, the paper had pointed out that it was lack of researches on color planning of overall structures in new countryside. On this basis, by making use of relevant software, it had conducted color abstraction on current typical rural appearance; analyzed the color of rural nature, artificial environment and cultural environment in accordance with international Natural Color System (NCS) ; and then concluded color context of rural appearance. It proposed that color control could be conducted on rural appearance from macroscopic, medium and microcosmic perspective by taking advantage of color planning in new rural appearance construction, so as to build new rural color system, create modern new rural appearance reflecting regional characteristic and integrating with natural environment, preserve artificial color of traditional ancient villages, coordinate colors in villages with architectures of different ages, finally realizing reshaping of Chinese people' s spiritual hometown.%在以改变农村建筑环境为建设重点的新农村建设背景下,指出了从色彩角度对新农村建筑、构筑物等整体环境的色彩规划研究的缺失,在此基础上,利用相关软件对当前农村典型风貌进行色彩提炼,比照国际通用的自然色彩系统( NCS)色彩标准,分析了我国农村的自然色彩、人工环境色彩和人文环境色彩风貌现状,梳理我国农村风貌的色彩脉络.提出新农村风貌建设可以用色彩规划技术方法,对农村风貌从宏观、中观、微观逐层色彩控制,建设新农村色彩体系,营造反映地域乡村特色,与自然环境相融合现代新农村风貌,保存相对完好的传统古村落的人工色彩,调和不同时代建筑混杂的村落人工色彩,以实现中国人精神家园的重塑.

  10. 城乡公交一体化规划的关键技术%Key Technology of Integrated Planning of Urban and Rural Public Transportation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王献香

    2014-01-01

    Integrated development of urban and rural passenger transport is the inevitability of the times, and it is the needs of China′s new urbanization development. Through the understanding of integration of urban and rural public transportation, the article analyzed the difference between the road passenger trans-port and public transport. Then it proposed key technologies of the urban and rural transit integrated plan-ning which are establishment of integrated rural hub system, integrated urban and rural public transporta-tion network structure, integration of urban and rural bus fare and sustainable public transport subsidy mechanism. At the same time, it studied the content of each key technology with cases.%统筹城乡客运发展是时代发展的必然性,也是我国新型城镇化发展的现实需要,通过对城乡公交一体化内涵的理解,对公路客运和公共交通之间差异性进行分析,提出城乡公交一体化规划关键技术,包括建立城乡一体的枢纽体系、城乡一体的线网结构、城乡一体票价体系和可持续的公交补贴机制,并结合案例对每项关键技术进行研究。

  11. Medicare and Rural Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 1.9 million rural beneficiaries participated in Medicare Advantage (MA) and other prepaid plans, accounting for 13.4% of MA enrollees. While rural participation is not proportionate to urban participation, strong rural enrollment in ... Medicare Advantage – The ACA reduces the payments to companies providing ...

  12. Defendable Space Theory and New Rural Community Planning%可防卫空间理论与新农村社区规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周术; 温亚斌; 姜文化; 李文忠

    2011-01-01

    By analysis of the first prize for competition on rural dwelling project designs for Shandong Province in 2008, this paper makes discussion on the strategies of rural community planning for safety-defending perspective. Under the theoretical background of dependable space, a comparison of defense features is made between the traditional and modern vernacular dwellings. Furthermore, it is pointed out that the social factors and economic features should be integrated to make a new rural community planning, and it is the key, for the rural residents, to improve the social relationship by the design of physical environment so as to defend as a whole.%论文目的在于以安全防卫的视角探讨新农村社区规划,从分析可防卫空间理论的演化、比较我国传统和现代民居中的可防御性特点入手,并以2008年山东省新农村住宅竞赛一等奖方案为例,提出新农村建设应该综合考虑农村环境的社会因素和经济特征,通过物质环境设计改善社会关系,使居民作为一个整体共同负担防卫责任是新农村社区安全的关键.

  13. PLAN ESTRATÉGICO DE TURISMO RURAL SOSTENIBLE DE LAS PARROQUIAS SAN ISIDRO Y CHARAPOTÓ–MANABÍ, ECUADOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnny Patricio Bayas Escudero

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El plan estratégico se realizó con el objetivo de que las parroquias San Isidro y Charapotó impelementen e impulsen el turismo rural sostenible como alternativa de desarrollo a través de la aplicación de una herramienta de planificación y gestión turística, con lo cual se facilitará el uso adecuado de los recursos turísticos para mejorar la calidad de vida de sus habitantes. El diseño de este plan constó de tres fases; en la primera: se elaboró un diagnóstico, con base a información proporcionada por los principales actores del sector turístico del cantón Sucre y de ambas parroquias, quienes determinaron las principales fortalezas y debilidades; para el diagnóstico se aplicó las matrices de evaluación de factores internos y externos; con la aplicación de fichas de inventarios turísticos se identificaron trece recursos, se empleó la matriz de potencialidades para determinar el grado de relevancia turística de cada recurso inventariado, con la matriz de Leopold se identificaron los impactos ambientales de los recursos turísticos más vulnerables y mediante la matriz FODA se establecieron las estrategias del plan. En la segunda fase se determinó la misión, visión, valores, políticas, objetivos estratégicos, programas y proyectos, se fijó el tiempo de ejecución para cada proyecto mediante un cronograma y se estableció el respectivo presupuesto. La última fase consta de los parámetros de evaluación, en donde aparecen los medios de difusión del plan, así como las herramientas para el seguimiento y evaluación de los programas y proyectos.

  14. A model of the resources integrated planning for the rural electrification in the new Brazilian electric scenery; Um modelo do planejamento integrado de recursos para a energizacao rural no novo cenario eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pazzini, Luiz Henrique Alves; Ribeiro, Fernando Selles; Kurahassi, Luiz Fernando; Galvao, Luiz Claudio Ribeiro; Udaeta, Miguel Edgar Morales [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Escola Politecnica. Dept. de Engenharia de Energia e Automacao Eletricas]. E-mail: pazzini@pea.usp.br

    2000-07-01

    The change to competitive atmosphere for the Brazilian electric sector is simultaneous to the social and economic changes in the rural zone: the agricultural traditional activities are expanding and new business are appearing, such as restaurants and fish-pay, as 'the new rural Brazilian'. Because that, the electrification of rural areas needs real and dynamic alternatives, that facilitate the access to energy, to meet the basic needs and for productivity. This paper presents a model of Integrated Resources Planning, based on the identification of the real demand of the interested ones and of the sources of existent resources for its attendance. The importance of the participation of several segments of the State, of private companies, of the stake holders, of the whole society is analyzed. It is founded that the alternative is viable and it stands out the role of the State regulator agents in the induction of mechanisms that turn more attractive the rural zone for investments. (author)

  15. Does the design and implementation of proven innovations for delivering basic primary health care services in rural communities fit the urban setting: the case of Ghana's Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Adongo, Philip Baba; Phillips, James F; Aikins, Moses; Arhin, Doris Afua; Schmitt, Margaret; Nwameme, Adanna U; Tabong, Philip Teg-Nefaah; Binka, Fred N

    2014-01-01

    .... To help ameliorate this situation, an innovative urban primary health system was introduced in urban Ghana, based on the milestones model developed with the rural Community-Based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) system...

  16. 农村青少年生涯规划的特征及影响因素%Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Career Planning among Rural Adolescents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖三蓉; 于悦; 王挺; 梁宏琛

    2016-01-01

    Lifelong career planning has become increasingly prominent in the context of globalization and informatization.Unfortunately,to a great extent,relevant research is lacking into rural adolescents’career plan⁃ning.This study explored the characteristics of and factors influencing career planning among rural adolescents to provide a scientific basis for the rural adolescents’career planning and counseling.Adolescents Career Plan⁃ning Questionnaire and Career Counseling Behavior Questionnaire ( self-made questionnaire) were used to test the participants.With 906 valid questionnaires finished by rural adolescents,ANOVA and Logistic regression a⁃nalysis were conducted.The results showed that the level of rural adolescents’career planning is at an uncertain exploration stage and gender differences in different demographic backgrounds.Factors such as leadership expe⁃riences in class,type of school they go to,and career planning guidance offered by their school and parents can help predict how successful rural adolescents are in career planning.It is hoped that all these results will help the rural adolescents, their parents and schools to improve career planning and counseling, and promote the healthy development of the rural adolescents.%在全球化和信息化的时代背景下,工作的不稳定因素快速增加,生涯规划在人的终身发展中的重要作用日益凸显,然而以往研究对农村青少年较少关注。基于对来自农村的初中和高中生的问卷调查和半结构化访谈,通过Logistic 模型考察农村青少年生涯规划的特征及影响因素。结果显示:农村青少年生涯规划水平总体处于不确定的探索阶段,表现为生涯规划的自主意识增强,但主动性不够、缺乏独立决策能力、对自我和价值观等认识不够清晰、缺乏具体的个人目标、存在一定的盲目性;不同性别的农村青少年在生涯规划的不同层面上有较大差异;是否

  17. A GIS-based decision support tool for renewable energy management and planning in semi-arid rural environments of northeast of Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tiba, C.; Fraidenraich, N.; Barbosa, E.M. de S. [Departamento de Energia Nuclear da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Prof. Luiz Freire, 1000 - CDU, CEP 50.740-540, Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil); Candeias, A.L.B. [Departamento de Engenharia Cartografica da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Academico Helio Ramos, s/n - CDU, Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil); de Carvalho Neto, P.B.; de Melo Filho, J.B. [Companhia Hidro Eletrica do Sao Francisco -DTG- CHESF, Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil)

    2010-12-15

    This work describes the development of a management and planning system on a GIS (Geographic Information System) platform destined to decision makers that is, administrators, planners or consultants in renewable energies. It was conceived to deal with the management and planning of solar systems, biomass and aeolics in rural regions of Brazil. The prototype of the GIS tool covers an area of 183, 500 km{sup 2} and is made up of three blocks: management of installed renewable systems, inclusion (planning) of new systems and updating of the data banks. The GISA SOL 1.0 (Geographic Information System Applied to Solar Energy) has a total of 80 layers of information that permit the realization of spatial analyses on management and planning of renewable sources of energy at macro-spatial (state) and local (municipality) levels. A description and the methodology used for its development and a description of the functionalities will be made here. The system was developed mainly for PV systems as a support tool for management and planning of the Energy Development Program for States and Municipalities (PRODEEM), a program for inclusion in large scale of solar photovoltaic energy in the rural environment, conducted by the Ministry of Mines and Energy of Brazil. (author)

  18. 景观规划控制助力城乡特色传承%Assistance of Landscape Planning and Control in Inheriting Urban and Rural Characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱达

    2011-01-01

    通过对发达国家景观规划控制的总结和我国景观规划控制的现状分析,揭示了景观规划控制的重要性。根据我国实际情况,并科学地借鉴他国先进经验,探讨了通过完善我国景观规划控制体系,以提升城乡景观的整体水平,使景观规划控制成为传承城乡特色的有力助推器。%This paper describes the importance of landscape planning and control based on summarizing the landscape planning and control of the developed countries and analysing the status quo of China's landscape planning and control. According to China's actual situation and the advanced countries'experience, it is useful to improve China's landscape planning and control system and enhance the overall level of urban and rural landscape, thus making the landscape planning and control a as a strong booster to inhert the urban and rural

  19. Landscape Planning and Ecological Networks. Part B. A Rural System in Nuoro, Sardinia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea De Montis

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper represents the continuation, i.e. Part B, of an homonymous paper aiming at designing an ecological network for the periurban area on the town of Nuoro in central Sardinia. While in Part A we illustrate the methodological premises and introduce a spatial network analysis-based study of a pilot ecological network, in this paper we apply a complex network analysis approach to the construction and characterization of the dynamics of the ecological network of Nuoro.  We are interested in monitoring the performance of the ecological network evolving from a real to a hypothetical scenario, where the two target vegetal species (holm oak and cultivated or wild olive are present in each patch. We focus on global network properties and on three different centrality measures: degree, clustering coefficient, and betweenness centrality. We also take into account the influence of the intensity of the connection (i.e. the weight by introducing the corresponding weighted centrality measures. Through thematic mapping we illustrate the pattern of each centrality indicator throughout the entire pilot set of patches. In this way, we demonstrate how spatial network analysis is useful to monitor the performance of the network and to support decision-making, management, and planning.

  20. Theoretical and Index System Research on the Implementation Evaluation of Urban and Rural Planning%城乡规划实施评价的理论和指标体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓瑞; 周国艳

    2009-01-01

    The implementation of urban and rural planning is the process that urban and rural construction should be in accordance with the approved plan by law. How to evaluate the results of the implementation of urban and rural planning scientific and reasonable is a very concerned and difficult problem. Based on the view of urban and rural complex ecosystem, the basic theory of the implementation evaluation of urban and rural planning was constructed. And the index system for the implementation evaluation of urban and rural planning was brought forward. Thus the research provided an effective means and channels to evaluate the results of the implementation of urban and rural planning objective and rational, and also provided a fundamental basis for scientific decision-making of urban and rural planning.%城乡规划的实施是城乡按照依法审批的规划方案进行建设的过程.如何科学合理地评价城乡规划实施结果是相关决策部门十分关心而又非常棘手的问题.基于城乡复合生态系统的观点,构建了城乡规划实施评价的基础理论,提出了城乡规划实施评价的指标体系,为客观理性地评价城乡规划实施结果提供了有效的手段和途径,同时也为城乡规划的科学决策提供了基本依据.

  1. Integrated services to support detection, prevention and planning of the agricultural-forest-rural land against fires

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scipioni, A.; Tagliaferri, F.

    2009-04-01

    Objective of the document is to define lines of development and distribution of the services to support detection, prevention and planning of the agricultural-forest-rural land against fire. The services will be a valid support on hand of the Regional and National Administrations involved in the agricultural-forest-rural activities (Ministry of Agricultural and Forestry Policies, National Forest Police, ecc..), through the employment of the SIAN "National Agricultural Informative System", that is the integrated national information system for the entire agriculture, forestry and fisheries Administration. The services proposals would be distributed through the GIS (Geographic Information Systems) of the SIAN: the GIS database is a single nation-wide digital graphic database consisting of: - Ortophotos: Aerial images of approz. 45 km2 each with ground resolution of 50 cm; - Cadastral maps: Land maps; - Thematic layers: Land use and crops identification The GIS services can take full advantage of the benefits of SIAN architectural model designed for best integration and interoperability with other Central and Local P.A. bodies whose main items are: - Integration of information from different sources; - Maintainance of the internal coeherence of any integrated information; - Flexibility with respect to technical or organizational changes The "innovative "services described below could be useful to support the development of institutional tasks of public Agencies and Administrations (es. Regions or Civil Protection agencies) according to than previewed from the D.Lgs. 173/98. Services of support to the management of the phenomenon of wildland fires The activities outlined in below figure, don't have a linear and defined temporal sequence, but a dynamic and time integration. It guarantees not only the integrated use of the various information, but also the value of every product, for level of accuracy, coherence and timeliness of the information. Description of four main

  2. 河南省新型农村社区规划发展对策初探%Henan Province New Rural Community Planning and Development Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟宪伟; 陈秀云

    2013-01-01

    This paper makes a systematic study on the new ru-ral community planning, hopes to provide some reference for set ing up reasonable construction planning, saving the cost of planning and construction, improving the efficiency of govern-ment planning, and so on in the future Henan rural new comm-unity construction, and then provides a useful reference for the government decision-making.%本文通过对新型农村社区规划工作进行系统的研究分析,希望能够为河南未来农村新型社区建设制定合理的建设规划方案、节约规划建设成本、提高政府规划效率等方面提供一定的借鉴,进而为政府决策提供有益的参考。

  3. Colectiv Property Land Institution Reform And Urban Rural Planning Response%集体建设用地制度改革与城乡规划应对

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈振华

    2014-01-01

    On the 18th thrid meeting, urban rural integrate construction land market, more economic right for farmers, col ective construction land institution reform is getting focused of urban rural integrate development reform. The paper reviews the ecolution of urban rural construction land institution, analyzes col ective construction land institution reform promlems and issues, and studies future content, method, and implementation of urban rural planning.%党的十八届三中全会提出要建立城乡统一的建设用地市场,赋予农民更多的财产权利,由此集体建设用地制度改革成为城乡统筹改革的焦点。研究回顾了城乡建设用地制度的演变历程,分析了集体建设用地制度改革面临的一系列问题与争论,对在集体建设用地制度改革背景下,城乡规划未来的内容拓展、方法创新与实施机制进行了探索。

  4. Faith in the 'cultural fix': limits to a planned cultural change program in a rural health service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahony, K

    2000-01-01

    This paper, by way of a narrative on the author's participation, explains the limits to a planned cultural change program in a large rural health service. Cultural change was identified by the CEO as crucial to the success of a major restructuring of the service, and the attitudes and beliefs of the 'old guard' were considered to be constraining progress. Advocates of cultural integration contend that shared core values across an organisation can overcome such obstacles. This is a matter of faith. An application of Habermasian theory suggests that organisational leaders are drawing on traditional/religious beliefs and practices to bolster their visions and missions at a time of motivational crisis. Though a need for cultural change in some sectors of the health services is acknowledged, the particular challenges in attempting to manipulate the traditionally embedded culture and sub-cultures of the health services is highlighted. An analysis of some of the ideas and beliefs surrounding authority, deference and discipline is undertaken. It is argued that the ritualistic reinforcement of these beliefs and the reproduction of sub-cultures along material and ideal interests militate against the implementation of objectives delineated by the CEO. While cultural analysis has revealed the irrational face of organisations and can bring to conscious awareness the taken-for-granted beliefs which inform behaviour, the cultural integrationists have a further agenda. They aim to manipulate organisational culture to subtly control employees' beliefs and hence behaviour. Cultural control is a covert form of top down authority that can be just as directive and centralizing as bureaucratic control. The author also maintains that cultural change programs alone cannot fix a problem that arose in the macro-economic sphere: a chronic lack of resources ever since the state responded to the economic crisis by cutting funds to health and welfare services.

  5. Utilization of health care services in rural and urban areas: a determinant factor in planning and managing health care delivery systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oladipo, Jimoh Ayanda

    2014-06-01

    Disparities in use of healthcare services between rural and urban areas have been empirically attributed to several factors. This study explores the existence of this disparity and its implication for planning and managing healthcare delivery systems. The objectives determine the relative importance of the various predisposing, enabling, need and health services factors on utilization of health services; similarity between rural and urban areas; and major explanatory variables for utilization. A four-stage model of service utilization was constructed with 31 variables under appropriate model components. Data is collected using cross-sectional sample survey of 1086 potential health services consumers in selected health facilities and resident milieu via questionnaire. Data is analyzed using factor analysis and cross tabulation. The 4-stage model is validated for the aggregate data and data for the rural areas with 3-stage model for urban areas. The order of importance of the factors is need, enabling, predisposing and health services. 11 variables are found to be powerful predictors of utilization. Planning of different categories of health care facilities in different locations should be based on utilization rates while proper management of established facilities should aim to improve health seeking behavior of people.

  6. Evaluating potential renewable energy resources in Poultney, Vermont: A GIS-based approach to supporting rural community energy planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Hoesen, John; Letendre, Steven (Green Mountain College, One Brennan Circle, Poultney, VT 05764, US)

    2010-09-15

    The current electricity infrastructure in the United States relies on a centralized distribution network that carries a heavy carbon footprint and is susceptible to disruption and failure. Rural communities are more susceptible to longer term interruption and should strive towards a local distributed energy model. This transition will require municipalities to engage with and seek input from community stakeholders. This paper describes a possible model for supporting rural community energy projects using a Geographic Information System (GIS), which was used to develop an inventory of energy resource potential in a rural Vermont town for biomass, wind, and solar technologies. (author)

  7. A spatial decision support tool for estimating population catchments to aid rural and remote health service allocation planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuurman, Nadine; Randall, Ellen; Berube, Myriam

    2011-12-01

    There is mounting pressure on healthcare planners to manage and contain costs. In rural regions, there is a particular need to rationalize health service allocation to ensure the best possible coverage for a dispersed population. Rural health administrators need to be able to quantify the population affected by their allocation decisions and, therefore, need the capacity to incorporate spatial analyses into their decision-making process. Spatial decision support systems (SDSS) can provide this capability. In this article, we combine geographical information systems (GIS) with a web-based graphical user interface (webGUI) in a SDSS tool that enables rural decision-makers charged with service allocation, to estimate population catchments around specific health services in rural and remote areas. Using this tool, health-care planners can model multiple scenarios to determine the optimal location for health services, as well as the number of people served in each instance.

  8. [Bases for the development of teaching, research and maternal and infant care in the rural area. The Temascalcingo plan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donoso Yáñez, G; Ortega Espinosa, R; Hevia Rivas, P; García Romero, H

    1975-01-01

    The Instituto de Ensenanza e Investigaciones Rurales (Institute for Rural Training and Research) has been established in Solís, Municipality of Temascalcingo, State of Mexico. The institute is part of the Institucion Mexicana de Asistencia a la Ninez, IMAN (Mexican Institution for the Assistance of Childhood). The institute will study a system of healthy delivery in its (rural) zone of activity, based principally in programes with a strong content in the preventive and promotional aspects. For this purpose it will use in a preferential way, auxiliary and technical personnel which is being trained by the institute and that is original from the community where it will serve. At the professional level, the institute will mainly employ pediatricians, nurses and social workers that are completing their residency at the Hospital del Nino IMAN in Mexico City. These professional will obtain important supplementary training through their participation in the rural community health programes that the institute will develop.

  9. 城乡统筹规划:政策支持与制度创新%Urban and Rural Integrated Planning: Policy Support and Institutional Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵华勤; 张如林; 杨晓光; 周焱

    2013-01-01

    城乡统筹规划作为指导城乡发展建设的总纲,必须要有强有力的政策来支持以及较完善的制度体系作保障.通过对城乡统筹规划实践过程中存在的主要问题归纳分析,初步构建了城乡统筹规划的政策与制度设计基本框架,并结合各地城乡统筹规划的实践经验,重点对城乡统筹规划的政策支持与制度创新匹配性内容进行了探讨.%Integrated spatial planning as a guide for coordinated urban-rural development must have strong policy and institutional support.. Based on a summary and analysis of problems encountered in the practice of urban-rural integrated planning, the paper reconstructs the policy and institutional framework of spatial planning and discusses the compatibility of policies and institutional innovations.

  10. 多元视角下城乡规划管理创新探析%Inquiry on urban-rural planning management creation under multi-view points

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    In light of city planning management problems including planning management right separation,planning and decision lacking effective public participation and monitoring and other problems,the paper determines planning and management targets,and analyzes urban-rural plan-ning management creating strategies including planning compilation,urban-rural planning examination and approval,and planning implementa-tion,so as to realize sustainable development of urban-rural planning.%针对城市规划管理存在规划管理权限分散、规划决策缺乏有效的公众参与及监督等问题确定了规划管理的目标,并对规划编制、城乡规划审批、规划实施等多元视角下城乡规划管理创新策略进行了探析,以实现城乡规划的可持续发展。

  11. Evaluation of groundwater quality in rural-areas of northern Malawi: Case of Zombwe Extension Planning Area in Mzimba

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chidya, Russel C. G.; Matamula, Swithern; Nakoma, Oliver; Chawinga, Charles B. J.

    2016-06-01

    Many people in in the Sub-Saharan region rely on groundwater for drinking and other household uses. Despite this significance, information on the chemical composition of the water in the boreholes and emperical data on groundwater quality is limited in some rural areas of Malawi. This study was conducted to evaluate the physico-chemical quality of water from boreholes (n = 20) in Zombwe Extension Planning Area (EPA), Mzimba in Northern Malawi to ascertain their safety. Desktop studies and participatory approaches were employed to assess the socio-economic activities and water supply regime in the study areas. The water samples were analysed for pH, conductivity (EC), turbidity, water temperature, nitrate (NO3-), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), zinc (Zn), fluoride (F-), and sulphate (SO42-). In-situ and laboratory analyses were carried out using portable meters and standard procedures. The results were compared with national (Malawi Bureau of Standards - MBS) and international standards (World Health Organization - WHO) for drinking water. The following ranges were obtained: pH (6.00-7.80), EC (437-3128 μS/cm), turbidity (0.10-5.80 NTU), water temperature (27.0-30.60 °C), NO3- (0.30-30.00 mg/L), F- (0.10-8.10 mg/L), Mg (31.00-91.00 mg/L), Ca (20.00-197.10 mg/L), SO42- (10.20-190 mg/L), Fe (0.10-3.60 mg/L) and Zn (0.00-5.10 mg/L). Generally, some parameters tested at several sites (>80%, n = 20) complied with both MBS and WHO limits. No significant differences (p > 0.05) was observed for most parameters (>65%, n = 11). Groundwater contamination was not significant in the area despite some parameters like F-, Ca and SO42- showing higher levels at other sites. Some sites registered very hard water (244.60-757.80 mg/L CaCO3) probably due to mineralization influenced by underground rock material. Further studies are needed to ascertain the groundwater quality of other parameters (like F-, and SO42-) which registered higher levels at some sites. Routine monitoring of the

  12. A GIS-based decision support tool for renewable energy management and planning in semi-arid rural environments of northeast of Brazil-general description and methodology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tiba, Chigueru; Fraidenraich, Naum; Souza Barbosa, Elielza Moura de [Dept. de Energia Nuclear da Univ. Federal de Pernambuco Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil); Bezerra Candeias, Ana Lucia [Dept. de Engenharia Cartografica da Univ. Federal de Pernambuco Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil); Carvalho Neto, Pedro Bezerra de; Melo Filho, Jose Bione de [Companhia Hidro Electrica do Sao Francisco -DTG- CHESF Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This work describes the development of a system of management and planning elaborated on a GIS platform (Geographic Information System) and is directed to decision makers, be they administrators, planners or consultants in renewable energy. It was conceived to deal with the management and planning of photovoltaic solar systems, biomass and aeolic energy in rural regions of the Northeast of Brazil. The prototype of the GIS tool covers an area of 183,500 km{sup 2} (in a second phase it will be extended to 1,561,178 km{sup 2}) and it is made up of two main blocks: management of installed renewable energy systems and planning of insertion of new renewable energy systems. The system was mainly developed for PV systems as a possible tool of support for the management and planning of the Program of Energetic Development of the States and Municipalities (PRODEEM), a program of insertion of large scale photovoltaic solar energy (thousands of systems), in the rural environment, directed by the Ministry of Mines and Energy of Brazil. The tool for the management of the photovoltaic systems permits the execution of the technical analyses that are involved in the different combinations of the following layers of information: PV systems installed for the purpose of application (energetic, water pumping and others), identification of systems components, identification of component failures, maintenance and training posts, map of monthly mean solar irradiation, infrastructure access, electric transmission lines and distance from a given municipality to the nearest maintenance post. All the maps above can be combined in such a way that information at state or municipal level can be obtained. Additionally, in all the circumstances above, resulting thematic maps as well as issue reports can be printed. The tool for planning the insertion of new photovoltaic systems permits the execution of the technical analyses that are involved in the different combinations of the following layers

  13. 农村城镇化规划及环境效益%The Planning and Environmental Benefits of Rural Urbanization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙准天

    2011-01-01

    Achieving the new rural planning will completely change the undeveloped and dispersed courtyard patterns. The rural life will he urbanization, modernization, and housing district. Drinking water and cooking energy will be clean. To change the old utilization of energy, the building heat manner will be the centralized heating supply. All of these promotion applications can lead to saving more energy, reducing less carbon emissions and being more environmentally friendly. In a word, they are all benefit for the establishment of happiness rural homestead.%实现新农村规划,彻底改变以前农村分散庭院式居住的落后面貌,实现农村生活城镇化、现代化、居住楼房小区化,饮用经过处理达标的饮用水,炊灶利用现代化的清洁能源。楼房有利于实行集中供热取暖,改变过去落后的能源使用方式,可节省大量能源,减少碳排放量,有利于环境保护,具有明显的环境效益,建立农村美好的幸福家园。

  14. Task 9. Deployment of photovoltaic technologies: co-operation with developing countries. PV for rural electrification in developing countries - Programme design, planning and implementation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, W. [Institute for Sustainable Power, Highlands Ranch, CO (United States); Oldach, R.; Wilshaw, A. [IT Power Ltd, The Manor house, Chineham (United Kingdom)

    2003-09-15

    This report for the International Energy Agency (IEA) made by Task 9 of the Photovoltaic Power Systems (PVPS) programme takes a look at the design, planning and implementation of PV programmes. The guide contains details on the preparation for PV programmes, including the assessment of needs, stakeholder consultation, social context analysis, supply options and national policy considerations. The establishment of goals, delivery modes, timelines, logistics and quality assurance are discussed. Further, the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of PV programmes is discussed, as are a number of methodologies that have been developed with the aim of improving programme design and implementation. The guide highlights issues pertinent to rural energy programmes in developing countries and leads programme administrators through the process of planning, implementing and evaluating a PV programme.

  15. A Framework for the Integration Planning Between Urban and Rural Areas in China: From "City Exploiting Rural Area" to Solving "Three Issues in Rural Area"%从解决“三农问题”入手推进城乡发展一体化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾朝林; 李阿琳

    2013-01-01

    Adjustment of the urban-rural relations has entered a new period since 2002 because the central government proposed the urban and rural plan as a whole. However, in a lot of practice, as the city' s economic strength and leading role, often expressed as the "City exploiting rural area", such as to obtain rural land, water resource, development spaces , etc.. It is a result there are a large number of landless peasants, some semi-urbanization areas, and further exacerbating the problem in rural areas. In this paper focus on to solve the "three rural issues" to make a urban and rural plan as a whole based on the Beijing Metropolitan Areas Planning. The paper considered that the process of urbanization in China should focus on "reducing farmers, construction of rural and improve the level of agricultural modernization". It is said that most farmers entered the urban areas mainly through higher education, vocational education and other means, some others stay in the rural areas need improving their quality of the life style, in their social, cultural and other aspects of construction of rural space, to promote agricultural modernization, Creative cultural industries and other local economic development. Complementary with the city's economic development resources increase revenue in the equality of infrastructure and social service facilities in the quality of rural life.%自2002年提出“城乡统筹”以来,城乡关系的调整进入新的时期.然而,在大量的实践过程中,由于城市的经济实力和主导作用,往往表现为“以城统乡”的特征,在本质上都是建立在对农村土地、水资源、空间资源等的索取之上,其结果是产生了大量的失地农民,形成了半城市化形态,进一步加剧了农村问题.从“以城统乡”转向解决“三农问题”为先的角度,论述在中国城市化进程应注重“减少农民、建设农村和提高农业现代化水平”,也就是通过高等教育、职业教育等

  16. The study on rural tourism planning of Dabie Mountain Spa town area%大别山区温泉镇乡村旅游规划研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马肖冰

    2013-01-01

    Development of rural tourism which is to promote tourism has become an important force ,the strategic pillar industry of national economy is the important direction of further development ,and our country tourism products is to strengthen ecological environment construction, the important measures to solve the problem of agriculture, rural areas and farmers.In this paper, based on the background of development priority zones, combining Dabie Mountain Spa town area warm springs tourism resources advan-tages and characteristics of the tourism market segment analysis of the prospects of rural tourism development , from the three main points of view,i.e.,development target, function partition and the product design of tourism , tourist marketing,we put forward ru-ral tourism planning.%发展乡村旅游是推动旅游业成为国民经济战略性支柱产业的重要力量,是我国旅游产品深层次开发的重要方向,是加强生态环境建设、解决三农问题的重要举措。本文基于主体功能区背景,结合大别山区温泉镇旅游资源优势和特点,细分旅游市场,分析乡村旅游开发的前景,从开发目标定位、旅游功能分区与产品设计、旅游市场营销三个主要角度提出乡村旅游规划方案。

  17. LA NUEVA VISIÓN DE DESARROLLO RURAL TERRITORIAL Y SU FORMULACIÓN EN EL PLAN DE DESARROLLO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo E. Vega V

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Al despuntar el siglo XXI, en Colombia aún persistencondiciones de desigualdad y atraso en el medio rural,que se reflejan en el comportamiento de algunosindicadores sociales, entre los que se destacan: delos 12.2 millones de pobladores rurales, el 82.6%se encuentra por debajo de la línea de pobreza y deéstos el 43.4% vive en condiciones de pobrezaextrema; que contrastan con las áreas urbanas, dondeestos niveles se sitúan en el 51% y el 15.8%respectivamente.

  18. Plan estratégico para el desarrollo del turismo rural comunitario en la región Cusco

    OpenAIRE

    Sepúlveda Medina, Hollman; Basurto Zapata, Rafael; Vizcarra Gutiérrez, Yuri

    2010-01-01

    El turismo es una de las actividades económicas que ha tenido un crecimiento importante en los últimos años, convirtiendo a esta industria atractiva para su desarrollo en países con potencial turístico, como el Perú. El turismo rural comunitario es una alternativa dentro de la industria del turismo para el desarrollo de las comunidades rurales que mediante una organización adecuada, les permite aprovechar el entorno y específicamente los recursos turísticos con que cuentan. En Latinoaméric...

  19. El ecoturismo como estrategia de desarrollo rural en América Latina : caso de la aldea indígena Plan Grande Quehueche (Izabal, Guatemala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Enríquez Narváez

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Los proyectos de desarrollo rural a escala internacional ponen cada vez mayor énfasis en la implementación de proyectos de ecoturismo, aprovechando como recursos los valores culturales y ambientales del territorio. Los resultados, a nivel general, no se pueden considerar satisfactorios. En este trabajo se analizan las causas de los fracasos de muchos de los proyectos de ecoturismo que se han implementado en América Latina, para profundizar después en los casos que se han desarrollado en Guatemala, abriendo una puerta al optimismo a partir de los resultados que se están obteniendo en un proyecto de ecoturismo que se desarrolla en la aldea Plan Grande Quehueche de Izabal (Guatemala.Rural development projects, at International level, are based ever increasing in the implementation of ecotourism projects. This tourism type is supported by the rich cultural and ecological valúes existing in the territory. The results, in general, cannot be considered satisfactory. In this paper the failures causes of many ecotourism projects implemented in Latín America, are analyze, afterwards the cases that have developed in Guatemala and finally the good results obtained in the ecotourism project of the small village Plan Grande Quehueche of the Department of Izabal in Guatemala are also analyzed.

  20. L’urbain et le rural dans les discours de l’aménagement en Suisse The urban and the rural in the discourses of town-planning in Switzerland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius Schaffter

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre de l’aménagement du territoire local et régional en Suisse, les catégories de l’urbain et du rural n’apparaissent plus comme clairement et distinctement opposées. Les différents registres de discours de cette opposition – fonctionnel, morphologique, du mode de vie et de l’être ensemble – ne coïncident plus, ni spatialement, ni sémantiquement. Toutefois, leur valeur normative et prescriptive reste très importante, notamment au travers d’objets emblématiques, tels que le village ou la serre.Within the context of local and regional planning in Switzerland, urban and rural categories no longer make up distinct entities. Different discursive registers on the opposition – in terms of functional, morphological, lifestyle and social features – no longer coincide, neither spatially, nor semantically. However, they still hold much normative and prescriptive value, most notably by means of symbolic objects, such as the village or the greenhouse.

  1. Planning and managing rural recreational traffic flows: why the future can’t be more like the past

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jaarsma, C.F.; Vries, de J.R.; Beunen, R.

    2009-01-01

    The increasing popularity of rural tourism can cause traffic related problems at certain areas. Traffic congestion and parking problems are likely to occur as the infrastructure at these countryside destinations is seldom capable of dealing with the growing number of cars. Values which make the site

  2. Public Input into Planning for Municipal Service Provision: A Method and Case Study. Studies in Rural Adjustment. Report No. 14.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Alun; And Others

    As part of on-going research on rural public service provision, researchers illustrated the use of a methodologically rigorous tool (a "tradeoff game") for eliciting community preferences for municipal public services. The trade-off game allowed adults in 122 households in Erin Township, Wellington County, Ontario, to assess 13 currently…

  3. Increasing Male Involvement in Family Planning Decision Making: Trial of a Social-Cognitive Intervention in Rural Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ha, Bui Thi Thu; Jayasuriya, Rohan; Owen, Neville

    2005-01-01

    We tested a social-cognitive intervention to influence contraceptive practices among men living in rural communes in Vietnam. It was predicted that participants who received a stage-targeted program based on the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) would report positive movement in their stage of motivational readiness for their wife to use an…

  4. Advocating for active living on the rural-urban fringe: a case study of planning in the Portland, Oregon, metropolitan area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adler, Sy; Dobson, Noelle; Fox, Karen Perl; Weigand, Lynn

    2008-06-01

    This case study is about the politics of incorporating active-living elements into a concept plan for a new community of about 68,000 people on the edge of the Portland, Oregon, metropolitan area. Development on the rural-urban fringe is ongoing in metropolitan areas around the United States. In this article, we evaluate the product of the concept-planning process from the standpoint of the extent to which environmental elements conducive to active living were included. We also analyze four issues in which challenges to the incorporation of active-living features surfaced: choices related to transportation facilities, the design and location of retail stores, the location of schools and parks, and the location of a new town center. Overall, the Damascus/Boring Concept Plan positions the area well to promote active living. Analyses of the challenges that emerged yielded lessons for advocates regarding ways to deal with conflicts between facilitating active living and local economic development and related tax-base concerns and between active-living elements and school-district planning autonomy as well as the need for advocates to have the capacity to present alternatives to the usual financial and design approaches taken by private- and public-sector investors.

  5. Juvenile Justice in Rural America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jankovic, Joanne, Ed.; And Others

    Producing a much-needed organized body of literature about rural juvenile justice, 14 papers (largely from the 1979 National Symposium on Rural Justice) are organized to identify current issues, identify forces causing changes in current systems, review programs responding to rural juvenile justice problems, and provide planning models to aid…

  6. Rural Logistics System Based on Rural Informatization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Current status of rural informatization construction in China,including the relatively weak rural informatization,asymmetric market information,low level of information sharing,dispersedly allocated resources and no cross point among each other are analyzed.The importance of informatization in rural logistic system is introduced:firstly,decision making of logistics system plan is based on information.Secondly,improvement of the overall efficiency of logistics system is based on information.Thirdly,logistics transmission takes the Internet as the carrier.Necessity of rural logistics system is discussed from five aspects of increasing the employment of farmers,enhancing the income of farmers,reducing the blindness of agricultural production and circulation,sharing the risks of agricultural management,and promoting the rural economic restructuring.According to the above five steps,five countermeasures are posed in order to improve the rural logistics system.The countermeasures cover the aspects of deepening the information awareness of government,establishing a rural informatization system suited to the national condition of China,strengthening the information infrastructure in rural areas,promoting the integration of rural information resources and establishing the training system for agricultural information talents.

  7. Research on the Compilation of County-level Rural Construction Planning under the Background of Urban-rural Integration:A Case Study in Huishui County Village System Planning of Guizhou Province%城乡一体化背景下的县域乡村建设规划编制探索--以贵州省惠水县村寨体系规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武仁仲; 路阳; 刘碧含

    2016-01-01

    近年来,我国城市化发展已经迈入了城乡一体化发展的新阶段,越来越多的学者开始关注乡村规划的地位及作用。文章对我国乡村地区发展特点进行分析,认为县域乡村建设规划应定位为城镇体系规划中乡村地区规划与实施的深化和补充,提出县域乡村建设规划应呈现出“城乡融合、多规合一、绿色生态、民族特色”的基本特点,落实“调研分析、策略规划、空间响应、行动计划、实施保障”等技术环节,关注“城乡一体化、村庄布局、体系支撑、风貌管控、规划实施”等重点内容,努力构建“城乡优势互补,城乡融合”的新格局。文章最后结合贵州省惠水县村寨体系规划,阐述其“规划编制、规划引导、重点村寨示范”的具体做法,以期对我国乡村地区的永续发展提供科学保障。%In recent years, the development of urbanization in China has entered a new stage of integration of urban and rural, more and more scholars began to focus on the status and role of rural planning. Firstly, the paper analyzes the characteristics of the development of rural areas in China,proposes that county-level rural planning should be positioned as for the deepening and complement to the rural areas planning and implementation in the town system planning, suggests that county-level rural planning should be showing the characteristic of "urban-rural integration, multi-planning intergration, green ecology, national characteristics", carring out the technical aspects of "research and analysis, strategic planning, spatial response, action plan, implementation of security" and so on, concerning the key contents of “urban-rural integration, village layout, system support, appearance control, planning implementation” and others, and effort to build a new pattern of "urban- rural complement each other, urban-rural integration". Finally this paper introduces Huishui

  8. Methodology for the electric energy distribution systems planning of small and rural zones of Comision Federal de Electricidad; Metodologia para la planeacion de sistemas de distribucion de energia electrica de zonas pequenas y rurales de Comision Federal de Electricidad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ochoa Gomez, Miguel Armando

    2008-12-15

    The 13 Distribution Divisions in which Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) has administratively and technically structured the electric energy distribution in the attended territory it has to take care of, are also constituted by a total of 120 of Distribution Zones, classified according to the product of their number of clients, by their volume of annual sales, in medium and low tension, as zones type I, II and III. Examples of zones type III are the Guadalajara Zone and the Metropolitan Zone North Monterrey, East and West (metropolis), type II are predominantly urban zones such as Queretaro and Tepic, and type I is predominantly rural such as the Zapotlan Zones and Los Altos, in the state of Jalisco. Because of the cost and number of facilities that are authorized for their construction in the Distribution Rural Zones (Type I), one must be assured that these works are really the necessary ones to satisfy the demand of power within the quality commitments and with the best economy in the time. Otherwise, a great possibility exists of constructing expensive facilities and that little will help to solve the distribution system problems. Although annually reviews and updates are made of the Budget of Investments of Operation (PIO), and the Work Program of Investment of Electric Sector (POISE), the case that has occurred sometimes is that facilities are constructed where all the passages of the Planning Process were not applied or that the analysis was not sufficient, being very probable that some or several of the following types of errors have been committed: a) The allocation of the processes to facilities that are not necessary in the short term. b) Constructing a non-useful work or of little usefulness causes that facilities with greater yield are not constructed. c) The priority of works is not the most adequate. d) Not to have a long term vision so that the facilities that are constructed in the short term are useful in the long term plan. e) Some facilities

  9. Contemporary Rural Tourism on the Example of Crişul Repede Valley Territorial Planning Unit (TPU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LUMINIŢA FILIMON

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In the Crisul Repede Valley TPU, an area lying in the northern part of the Apuseni Mountains, alongside the attractions as regards the relief there are, beneficially, other natural attractions such as: a climate suitable for winter sports (a large amount of snow, for a long period of the year, thermal and mineral water sources, Karstic intermittent springs, numerous lakes and waterfalls; forests that are habitats for important game; unpolluted rivers, with a species-rich fish population etc.The heavily inhabited feature of the area means that there is a wealth of man-made resources for tourism: forts, wooden churches, monasteries, museums, historical monuments; all this justifies the development and promotion of rural tourism. Equally importantly, the Romanian village falls into the category of the most generous and attractive human settlements in the context of European Rural tourism offer.Therefore, it is imperative that the endeavor of implementing modernity should be assimilated without thwarting, altering or compromising these invaluable qualities. At present, the economic, political, psycho-social and legal conditions have been summoned with a view to the development of tourism in the rural space in the area, and the local population has expressed availability for involvement in and commitment to administering their own resources, including that of supporting tourism.The defining features of rural tourism are discernable in the space analyzed here: i.e. a wide, varied offer range, that meets the requirement for authenticity, the originality and sheer quality of the physical environment, the specificity of the economic life-styles, mentalities, traditions etc.

  10. Knowledge and attitude towards family planning practices among non-acceptors in a rural area in Bangalore, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hemavarneshwari S.

    2015-12-01

    Conclusions: Most common reason for non-acceptance of family planning was male child preference (26.8%. There is a need for behaviour change communication for eligible couples regarding family planning adoption among the non-acceptors highlighting the importance of small family, happy family. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(12.000: 3611-3613

  11. 粮食主产区乡村道路网规划方案评价指标研究%Study of the Evaluation Index of Minor Rural Road Network Planning Alternative in the Major Grain Producing Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高红江; 刘应宗; 潘珍妮; 杨斯玲

    2013-01-01

    为了建设粮食主产区与乡村社会经济发展相互协调的道路网,提出了乡村道路交通规划的理论体系,建立了不同于城市路网和干线公路网的乡村道路网规划方案量化评价指标体系.通过引入可持续发展的概念,把道路网络的交通功能目标、生态保护目标和资源有效利用目标联系起来.考虑到乡村道路数据的缺乏和粮食主产区乡村的特征,基于逻辑推理的方法提出了反映乡村道路网建设的通达性要求和生态功能的具体评价指标.%In order to constructing the minor rural road network that coordinate with rural social economic development in the major grain producing areas, the rural road traffic planning theory system was put forward, the minor rural road network planning quantitative evaluation index system, which is different from city road network and mainline highway network, was established. By introducing the concept of sustainable development to the minor rural road network planning, traffic functional target, ecological protection objectives and resource efficient target were connected. Considering the lack of data of rural road and the country's characteristics of the major grain producing areas, based on logical reasoning method, the specific evaluation index, which reflects accessibility requirement of the rural road network and the ecological function, was proposed.

  12. 莱芜市新农村规划设计存在的问题及建议%Problems and Suggestions of the New Rural Planning and Design in Laiwu City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张运利

    2014-01-01

    The new rural construction is a great historical task in the process of modernization in China, which is the fun- damental way of reducing the gap between city and count- ryside and expanding the demand of the rural market. We must implement the scientific concept of development,clear about the task, plan scientificaly and implement step by step. Using scientific planning leads the new rural construction in Laiwu city.%新农村建设是我国现代化进程中的重大历史任务,是缩小城乡差距、扩大农村市场需求的根本出路。我们必须落实科学发展观,明确任务、科学规划、分步实施,用科学规划引领莱芜市的新农村建设。

  13. 肃州区农村电网规划与设计%Planning and Design of Suzhou Rural Power Grid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    维云; 李军德

    2014-01-01

    为加强电网建设,提高供电能力,使供电能力的增长能满足县域经济和社会发展对电力不断增长的需求,文章结合肃州区供电公司实际情况,做出该区域农村配电网规划。%In order to enhance power grid construction and improve power supply ability,make the growth of power supply ability to meet the growing demand for electricity in county economic and social development,combined with the ac-tual situation in suzhou power supply company,this paper made this region rural distribution network planning.

  14. 10kV农村电网改造升级规划设计%10 kV upgrade rural power grid planning and design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    10kV电网可以直接为用户输送电能,在电力系统中占有重要地位,它的运行状况也会直接影响到人们的生活。原有的供电系统已经不能满足人们的需求,所以国家对农村电网进行了投资,实行电网的改造升级计划。%10 kV power grid can be directly for the user transmission power, occupies an important position in the power system, its performance will directly affect people's life. The original power supply system already can't satisfy people's needs, so the state of rural power grid investment, implement grid upgrade plan.

  15. Socio-culturele structuur en innovatie : een structuur-vergelijkend onderzoek naar adoptie van family planning in de periode 1969 - 1973 door Sundanese echtparen in twee rurale gemeenschappen op West-Java

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Norren, van B.

    1985-01-01

    This publication contains a comparative study of socio- cultural influences on the process of family planning adoption during the period 1969-1973 in two rural communities in the regency of Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. One community, to be called Cianyar, is a ward in an agrarian village

  16. Socio-culturele structuur en innovatie : een structuur-vergelijkend onderzoek naar adoptie van family planning in de periode 1969 - 1973 door Sundanese echtparen in twee rurale gemeenschappen op West-Java

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Norren, van B.

    1985-01-01

    This publication contains a comparative study of socio- cultural influences on the process of family planning adoption during the period 1969-1973 in two rural communities in the regency of Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. One community, to be called Cianyar, is a ward in an agrarian

  17. Socio-culturele structuur en innovatie.Structuur-verg.ond.adoptie van family planning per. '69-'73 door Sundanese echtparen in 2 rurale gemeensch. op West-Java

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Norren, van B.

    1985-01-01

    This publication contains a comparative study of socio- cultural influences on the process of family planning adoption during the period 1969-1973 in two rural communities in the regency of Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. One community, to be called Cianyar, is a ward in an agrarian village, while th

  18. The Experience and Enlightenment of Foreign Spatial Planning of Urban-rural Integration%国外城乡空间统筹规划的经验与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雒海潮; 刘荣增

    2014-01-01

    Smart growth, compact growth theory and exploitation and growth boundary management measures for curbing the sprawl of urban space in the U-nited States, the practice to protect cultivated land and rural environment, ecology, rural landscape in Britain and France, the perfect legal policy sys-tem to promote the development of rural economy and the practical experiences of guiding the villagers to construct countryside by themselves in South Korea and Japan, provides the beneficial enlightenment from the perspective of spa-tial planning of urban-rural integration for China's development of large cities in fast urbanization area, new rural construction in ecological sensi-tive area and rural economic development in the poor areas. Based on space planning of coordinate the urban-rural contradiction, this paper summarized spatial planning of urban-rural integration in the first developed countries of United States, Britain and France, Japan, Korea, etc , analysis of the practical experiences of developed countries, and puts forward China's spatial planning of urban-rural integration for reference.%美国遏制都市空间无序扩张的精明增长、紧凑增长等理论以及开发权和增长边界管理等措施,英法对乡村耕地、环境、生态、田园景观进行保护的做法,日韩促进农村经济发展的完备法律政策体系和引导村民自主建设乡村的实践经验,给中国快速城镇化地区的大城市扩展、生态敏感区的新农村建设和贫困地区的乡村经济发展从城乡空间统筹规划角度提供了有益的启示。文章以统筹城乡发展的空间规划为主线对美、英、法、日、韩等先行发达国家城乡空间统筹规划发展情况进行梳理,总结国外先行发达国家的理论和实践经验,指出对中国城乡空间统筹规划的借鉴意义。

  19. Geographic specificity and positionality of public input in transportation: a rural transportation planning case from Central Texas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Greg P. Griffin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Current transportation planning processes often incorporate public input, but the types of engagement techniques can affect the ability of practitioners to meaningfully include local ideas. This study incorporates literature integrating communicative rationality with participatory mapping, supported by a case study focusing on two public engagement techniques. A transportation planning process in Central Texas is evaluated in terms of the geographic specificity and positionality of comments received from open-ended responses on a questionnaire and a facilitated mapping session, and reviews this input for relevance to developing a transportation plan. Although all input received from the public can be valuable in the process, location-based comments may be more actionable by transportation planners. Participants’ perceived roles likely affect their level of engagement, which planners can facilitate to maximize the quality of involvement. Planners are advised to understand the positionality of project stakeholders and professionals, designing involvement methods considering geographic specificity appropriate for each project.

  20. Planning Enlightenment on German Rural Settlements Renewal Practices%德国农村住区更新实践的规划启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂梦遥; 杨贵庆

    2013-01-01

    从20世纪50年代开始,德国农村实施了土地整理、农村住区空间环境和既有建筑更新改造等一系列农村人居环境建设的实践。它对改良农业结构,对原有农村采矿土地的修复和生态重建,对保障基础设施和公共事业用地,以及对加强整体生态环境保护等方面均起到了积极作用。这对我国当今农村人居环境建设规划具有重要启示:应进一步注重农村住区土地使用的合理配置,注重农村住区的整体景观品质与生态环境质量相结合,注重农村住区物质空间环境整体结构的完善与提升,注重既有公共建筑和公共空间环境的再利用和功能提升,并注重农村住区既有建筑更新改造的适用技术支撑。%Starting from 50s of the 20th century, a series of practices was implemented in German rural areas in land consolidation, residential space improvement and existing building renewal. These practices had resulted a lot of positive effects in many ways, for instance, agricultural structure improvement, former mining area recovery and ecological system reconstruction, land reservation for infrastructure and public utilities, overall eco-environment protection, etc. The experience and success in Germany offers meaningful inspirations for today’s rural area planning in our own country. Following aspects should be concentrated during the planning: rational usage and allocation of land in residential areas; relationship between landscape and eco-environment quality; improvement of overall structure for residential areas; functional improvement and recycle of existing public constructions and space; technical side of existing buildings renewal and update. Therefore, planning strategies and implementation paths play more important role in this.

  1. Availability of tuberculosis infection control plans at rural hospitals of Vhembe district, Limpopo Province of South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takalani G. Tshitangano

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In Limpopo province the rate of new tuberculosis (TB cases increase daily.The Infection Control (IC plan is one of the essential actions for TB IC. This study aimed to establish the availability of these plans at health care facilities.Objectives: The objectives were to explore and describe the awareness and knowledge of health care workers (HCWs of the availability and content of TB IC plan; and to identity the role of infection control committees from the perspective of HCWs.Method: A qualitative approach using a cross-sectional descriptive design was adopted. The target population was all HCWs from the seven hospitals of Vhembe district. A purposive sampling approach was used to select 57 participants. The approval to conduct this study was obtained from the relevant authorities and participants. Data was collected through seven focus group discussions comprising five to 10 members. An unstructured discussion guide was used to collect data, and an open-coding method was used to analyse the data. Lincoln and Guba’s criteria ensured trustworthiness of the study findings.Results: Findings revealed that HCWs were not aware of the availability and the information contained in the TB IC plans. No person was designated as TB IC officer at hospital level. There was lack of a TB IC Committee and teams as well as ineffective utilisation of those that did exist.Conclusions: It was concluded that if the TB IC plans are not available at health care facilities,then the TB IC practices implemented by HCWs vary, resulting in TB nosocomial infection transmission. It was recommended that the World Health Organisation’s TB IC plans be adopted and implemented in Vhembe district.

  2. Availability of tuberculosis infection control plans at rural hospitals of Vhembe district, Limpopo Province of South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takalani G. Tshitangano

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In Limpopo province the rate of new tuberculosis (TB cases increase daily.The Infection Control (IC plan is one of the essential actions for TB IC. This study aimed to establish the availability of these plans at health care facilities.Objectives: The objectives were to explore and describe the awareness and knowledge of health care workers (HCWs of the availability and content of TB IC plan; and to identity the role of infection control committees from the perspective of HCWs.Method: A qualitative approach using a cross-sectional descriptive design was adopted. The target population was all HCWs from the seven hospitals of Vhembe district. A purposive sampling approach was used to select 57 participants. The approval to conduct this study was obtained from the relevant authorities and participants. Data was collected through seven focus group discussions comprising five to 10 members. An unstructured discussion guide was used to collect data, and an open-coding method was used to analyse the data. Lincoln and Guba’s criteria ensured trustworthiness of the study findings.Results: Findings revealed that HCWs were not aware of the availability and the information contained in the TB IC plans. No person was designated as TB IC officer at hospital level. There was lack of a TB IC Committee and teams as well as ineffective utilisation of those that did exist.Conclusions: It was concluded that if the TB IC plans are not available at health care facilities,then the TB IC practices implemented by HCWs vary, resulting in TB nosocomial infection transmission. It was recommended that the World Health Organisation’s TB IC plans be adopted and implemented in Vhembe district.

  3. 层次分析法在农村配电网规划决策中的应用%Analytic Hierarchy Process Applied in Planning Decision of Rural Power Distribution Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊剑

    2012-01-01

    Based on analysis of characteristic and economic characteristics of rural distribution power network, the economic characteristic evaluation index is built. The application of analytic hierarchy process used in planning decision of rural power distribution network is introduced.%在分析区农村配电网特点与经济特性的基础上,建立区农村配电网规划经济性评估指标体系,并介绍层次分析法在配电网规划经济性分析评估的应用。

  4. URBAN-RURAL PLANNING ACT BASED PLANNING PERMIT FROM PERSPECTIVE OF SOCIAL ORDER%基于规划法的规划许可社会秩序辨释与探微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈西敏

    2012-01-01

    从城乡空间利用秩序角度指出规划许可的角色和渊源,论述了许可的基本特征,并以建设用地规划许可证制度和建设工程规划许可证制度为实证展开研究,辨释了其许可行政制度环境建设的若干问题.在公共行政监督秩序中,从四个方面指出当前亟需加强监督社会学等研究.最后提出并阐述了依产权的公私属性不同进行三分的设想,即将规划许可分为公益资产许可、公有资产许可和普通许可三种类型.%Starting with the origin and history of planning permit in urban-rural spatial use order, this paper examines the basic characteristics of planning permit. Based on the empirical study on the Land Use Permit System and Building Permit System, it analyzes related issues in the administrative institutional development of planning permit. It also argues to strengthen the study of supervision sociology in public and administrative supervision from four aspects. Finally it proposes to classify the planning permit into public welfare, state-own, and general categories according to the attributes of the property rights.

  5. Planning a School Construction Referendum: A Case Study of a Small Rural School District in Southern New Jersey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Christopher J.

    2010-01-01

    The idea to do research in the area of school construction planning came from this writer's experience in a district that was still using a high school that was built in 1914 and the community was happy with that fact. During this writer's time the district had gone to referendum to ask the voters to approve a $67 million building project that…

  6. Is there any role for community involvement in the community-based health planning and services skilled delivery program in rural Ghana?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakeah, Evelyn; McCloskey, Lois; Bernstein, Judith; Yeboah-Antwi, Kojo; Mills, Samuel; Doctor, Henry V

    2014-08-11

    In Ghana, between 1,400 and 3,900 women and girls die annually due to pregnancy related complications and an estimated two-thirds of these deaths occur in late pregnancy through to 48 hours after delivery. The Ghana Health Service piloted a strategy that involved training Community Health Officers (CHOs) as midwives to address the gap in skilled attendance in rural Upper East Region (UER). CHO-midwives collaborated with community members to provide skilled delivery services in rural areas. This paper presents findings from a study designed to assess the extent to which community residents and leaders participated in the skilled delivery program and the specific roles they played in its implementation and effectiveness. We employed an intrinsic case study design with a qualitative methodology. We conducted 29 in-depth interviews with health professionals and community stakeholders. We used a random sampling technique to select the CHO-midwives in three Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) zones for the interviews and a purposive sampling technique to identify and interview District Directors of Health Services from the three districts, the Regional Coordinator of the CHPS program and community stakeholders. Community members play a significant role in promoting skilled delivery care in CHPS zones in Ghana. We found that community health volunteers and traditional birth attendants (TBAs) helped to provide health education on skilled delivery care, and they also referred or accompanied their clients for skilled attendants at birth. The political authorities, traditional leaders, and community members provide resources to promote the skilled delivery program. Both volunteers and TBAs are given financial and non-financial incentives for referring their clients for skilled delivery. However, inadequate transportation, infrequent supply of drugs, attitude of nurses remains as challenges, hindering women accessing maternity services in rural areas. Mutual

  7. Rural road maintenance management

    OpenAIRE

    Johannessen, B.

    1999-01-01

    This manual summarizes relevant Cambodian government policies regarding rural road maintenance. Chapter 2 defines the various components of road maintenance and describes an effective strategy and organization which addresses the maintenance requirements of rural roads in Cambodia. Chapter 3 is a brief description of the planning, implementation and reporting cycle required in an effective road maintenance management system. Chapter 4 summarizes the contracts management procedures, and finall...

  8. Planning for district mental health services in South Africa: a situational analysis of a rural district site.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, Inge; Bhana, Arvin; Campbell-Hall, Victoria; Mjadu, Sithembile; Lund, Crick; Kleintjies, Sharon; Hosegood, Victoria; Flisher, Alan J

    2009-03-01

    The shift in emphasis to universal primary health care in post-apartheid South Africa has been accompanied by a process of decentralization of mental health services to district level, as set out in the new Mental Health Care Act, no. 17, of 2002 and the 1997 White Paper on the Transformation of the Health System. This study sought to assess progress in South Africa with respect to deinstitutionalization and the integration of mental health into primary health care, with a view to understanding the resource implications of these processes at district level. A situational analysis in one district site, typical of rural areas in South Africa, was conducted, based on qualitative interviews with key stakeholders and the World Health Organization's Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS). The findings suggest that the decentralization process remains largely limited to emergency management of psychiatric patients and ongoing psychopharmacological care of patients with stabilized chronic conditions. We suggest that, in a similar vein to other low- to middle-income countries, deinstitutionalization and comprehensive integrated mental health care in South Africa is hampered by a lack of resources for mental health care within the primary health care resource package, as well as the inefficient use of existing mental health resources.

  9. Strategic Plan for Coordinating Rural Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Transit Development in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Truett, L.F.

    2002-12-19

    The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, located along the border between North Carolina and Tennessee, is the most visited national park in the United States. This rugged, mountainous area presents many transportation challenges. The immense popularity of the Smokies and the fact that the primary mode of transportation within the park is the personal vehicle have resulted in congestion, damage to the environment, impacts on safety, and a degraded visitor experience. Access to some of the Smokies historical, cultural, and recreational attractions via a mass transit system could alleviate many of the transportation issues. Although quite a few organizations are proponents of a mass transit system for the Smokies, there is a lack of coordination among all parties. In addition, many local residents are not completely comfortable with the idea of transit in the Smokies. This document provides a brief overview of the current transportation needs and limitations in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, identifies agencies and groups with particular interests in the Smokies, and offers insights into the benefits of using Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies in the Smokies. Recommendations for the use of rural ITS transit to solve two major transportation issues are presented.

  10. Common Problems and Solutions of Rural Safe Drinking Water Project Planning and Design%农村饮水安全工程规划设计中常见问题及解决思路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李钰

    2012-01-01

    In construction of socialistic new rural area, solve new construction in the rural drinking water difficulty and safety problem is the key, during the project planning process of solving the problems and safety of rural drinking water, some difficulties and problems will encounter. The rural human and animal drinking water safety project planning and design in the problem of existence was elaborated, the thoughts and measures to solve the problem were advanced.%在社会主义新农村建设中,解决新农村建设中的饮水困难和安全问题是关键,在解决农村饮水困难和安全的工程规划设计过程中,会遇到一些困难和问题。简述了农村人畜饮水安全工程规划设计中存在的问题,提出了解决问题的思路与措施。

  11. TRANSFORMATION OF RURAL SPACE AND PLANNING DRIVEN BY THE REFORM IN SOUTHERN JIANGSU%改革驱动下苏南乡村空间与规划转型初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兴平; 涂志华; 戎一翎

    2011-01-01

    在分析苏南乡村改革进程及其对乡村发展影响的基础上,基于实证调查和研究,对以城乡统筹和土地流转为核心的新乡村改革驱动下苏南乡村地区空间转型的特点和内涵进行了全面总结,对转型出现的新的乡村空间现象进行了系统梳理归纳,对苏南乡村地区规划变革的方向提出了初步建议.%Based on the analysis of the rural reform process and its impact on the rural area of Southern Jiangsu, this paper makes an empirical investigation and research, and comprehensively summarizes the characteristics and content of spatial transformation in the rural area of Southern Jiangsu. Also, it examines the appearance of new rural space because of the transformation. Finally, it puts forward preliminary proposals on the planning direction in the rural area of Southern Jiangsu.

  12. R & D and Application of Spatial Data Management System of Urban and Rural Planning Based on GIS%基于GIS的城乡规划空间数据管理系统研发与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄田; 周勇; 王亚平

    2009-01-01

    本文以解决问题为向导,论述了当前城乡规划空间数据管理存在的几个主要问题,阐述基于超图地理信息系统(SuperMap GIS)开发的城乡规划空间数据管理系统的主要功能并介绍了系统的应用实例.%This article in order to solve the problem for the wizard.discusses several major problems that exist in the current management of spatial data for urban and rural planning, On the system's main function, which development based on SuperMap geographic information system for urban and rural planning spatial data management and describes the application of the system.

  13. Discussion on new rural landscape planning design with Qianruan’er village as an example%以前阮二村为例谈新农村景观规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李菲菲; 王先杰

    2015-01-01

    In light of new rural landscape planning design defects,combining with Qianruan’er village landscape planning design in Jinan city, the paper describes specific design concepts and landscape layout methods,which has provided some guidance for domestic new rural landscape construction.%针对新农村景观规划设计中存在的不足,结合济南市前阮二村的景观规划设计,阐述了其具体设计理念及景观布局方式,为我国新农村景观建设提供了参考依据。

  14. The method FMEA and its implications in planning a rural micro-enterprise: a case study of Farm Oliveira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caio César de Medeiros Costa

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The production of broiler chickens, in despite of the growing market space, it still faces important challenges in production, at basic and industrial level at the same time. In this context, this article summarizes the main conclusions of the application of FMEA in a broiler farm, analyzing also the implications for their planning. This study used descriptive and a case study approach. The results showed that the most frequent problems were characterized, for example as sick chickens and chicken deaths - with the main sources of vaccine shortage and excess in the carrying capacity of the farm. It was observed that the method FMEA was appropriate and contributed for the analyzes, for instance, to the resolution of the structured problems, since, by implementing the method, we could better understand the possible errors and failures that, perhaps, probably can cause these problems, giving the manager security issues and enabling the execution of a plan. So, this research brings the expectative to improve the management of broiler farms and, indirectly, can aid the profitability of poultry farmers, for their awareness of the importance of use quality management tools.

  15. 基于ESDA方法的区域乡村群体风貌规划体系研究--以舟山市定海区乡村为例%Regional rural group landscape planning system research based on ESDA-the case of Dinghai rural district in Zhoushan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李王鸣; 冯真; 柴舟跃

    2014-01-01

    本文聚焦区域乡村群体风貌特征,提出乡村风貌规划思路。通过乡村风貌要素的提炼,构建量化评价体系,将乡村风貌特征转化为量化分值,引入ESDA方法对分值进行空间分析,探索区域乡村间集聚关系,结合空间关系和乡村社区特征,构建以风貌群体类型、风貌廊道组织、风貌片区结构为主体的区域乡村风貌规划体系,揭示区域乡村风貌同质化、集群化、区域化特征。文章结合舟山市定海区乡村探讨这一研究思路的应用。%This paper focus on group landscape features in regional rural district, provide a research idea of rural landscape planning. By abstracting the rural landscape elements and introducing ESDA for analyzing spatial characteristics, it constructs an evaluation system for transforming those into quantitative scores, exploring rural agglomeration. Then, based such features, it construct the regional rural landscape planning system, including landscaping group types, landscape coridor organization, landscape area structure, and revealing the regional rural landscape characteristics of homogenization, cluster and regionalization.

  16. Interdependences between Smallholder Farming and Environmental Management in Rural Malawi: A Case of Agriculture-Induced Environmental Degradation in Malingunde Extension Planning Area (EPA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kondwani G. Munthali

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article was to develop a deeper understanding of the interdependences between smallholder farming and the state of environmental management in rural Malawi. We examined the agricultural local governance framework in Malingunde Extension Planning Area (EPA, its contribution to food security and how it conflicts with overall land and forest resources management. The charcoal production process was discussed in line with its implications for agricultural production and environmental sustainability. The smallholder households employ inappropriate land management practices, engage in agricultural production on unsuitable land and use fertile soils, timber and firewood for brick production and construction and secondly engage in charcoal production (deforestation as a coping mechanism against food deficiency. However, while detrimental in its own right, this environmental degradation in the area cannot be explicitly pinned to, for instance, the total charcoal supply being out of balance with wood stocks or insufficient land. It is, rather, usually due to failures to provide incentives to manage land and forest resources in a manner that allows regeneration of both the soils and wood stocks in the area. An improvement in the quality and quantity of the smallholder agriculture sector production would promote significantly the environmental management efforts.

  17. Strategies for Suggestions on Overall Planning of Rural and Urban Medical Insurance in China%统筹我国城乡居民医疗保险制度的对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石宏伟; 沈思思

    2011-01-01

    The current implementation of rural and urban basic medical insurance system had got obviously achievement, but the segmentation of rural and urban medical insurance had a negative impact on the process of balancing rural and urban areas, for instance, lack of governmental responsibility, serious waste of resources, difficult convergence of systems, and low-level coordination etcetera. It was artificially caused by the medical insurance system for rural and urban dual structure, which was contrary to the basic requirement of overall planning of urban and rural. Thus, there were some suggestions, for instance, strengthening government duties, integrating of administrative organization, achieving rural and urban cohesion and multi-level medical insurance system implementation, improving the overall planning level, enhancing the medical aid system and so on, to balance the urban and rural residents in medical insurance coordination, then gradually implementing the target of urban-rural integration and universal coverage of medical insurance system.%现行的城乡居民医疗保险制度建设虽取得了明显成就,但在医疗保险城乡分治的过程中也存在一些问题,如政府责任缺失、资源浪费严重、制度衔接困难、统筹层次低等,人为地造成医疗保险制度的城乡二元格局,违背了城乡统筹发展的基本要求.因此,建议通过加强政府责任、统一管理机构、实现城乡衔接与多层次医疗保险制度、提高统筹层次、完善医疗救助制度等方式,进行城乡居民医疗保险的统筹,逐步实现建立城乡一体化的全民覆盖医疗保险制度的目标.

  18. Research On Urban And Rural Environmental Sanitary Special Planning With The Integration Of Urban And Rural Areas:A Huzhou Case%城乡一体化背景下的城乡环境卫生专项规划-以湖州市区城乡环卫规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁启帆; 唐杰彬

    2015-01-01

    In the context of the integration of urban and rural areas, by the problem oriented, from how to achieve rational alocation between urban and rural sanitation facilities started for current characteristics of Huzhou urban-rural divide, the paper proposes objectives and strategies of urban and rural sanitation planning, forecasts the reasonable size, ifne processing, integrated layout, uniifed management, provides a reference for the integrated development of counties’s urban and rural sanitation.%在城乡一体化背景下,研究以问题为导向,从如何实现城乡之间环卫设施的合理配置出发,针对湖州市区城乡差别等现状特征,提出城乡环卫规划的目标与策略,通过合理预测规模、精细化处理、一体化布局和统一化管理,为市县的城乡环卫一体化发展提供参考。

  19. Participación pública en la nueva ordenación del territorio rural madrileño. Ley 5/2012 de Viviendas Rurales Sostenibles. (Public participation in the Madrid’s new rural planning. Law 5/2012 on Sustainable Rural Housing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esmeralda Conejo Silva

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza la participación pública en el proceso de aprobación de la Ley 5/2012 de Viviendas Rurales Sostenibles de la Comunidad de Madrid (CAM. Ley que al autorizar la ocupación unifamiliar dispersa del territorio rural varía las condiciones de actuación y, por tanto, de su desarrollo. Partiendo del estudio de las alegaciones presentadas al Anteproyecto del texto legal, el artículo: a examina el impacto que según los grupos alegantes tendrá la Ley sobre el suelo rural de la CAM y b comprueba en qué medida las observaciones alegadas fueron consideradas en su redacción final; lo cual permite valorar, en un caso concreto, las posibilidades que tienen los ciudadanos o los grupos de interés de intervenir en los procesos legales de aspectos tan sensibles como la definición del territorio rural. The present study examines public participation in the process of approval of the Law 5/2012 on Sustainable Rural Housing of Madrid Community (CAM than, authorizing detached building disperse on rural land, changes the conditions for action on this medium. Based on the study of the submissions to the Draft Legal Text, article: a examines the impact that the Law will have on rural land of the CAM by the opinions expressed by de participating groups b check to what extent the alleged observations were considered in the final Law; which allows to assess, for this particular case, the chances that citizens and interest groups have to take part in a legal process as sensitive as is the definition of rural areas.

  20. Promoting Regional Disaster Preparedness among Rural Hospitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Janine C.; Kang, JungEun; Silenas, Rasa

    2008-01-01

    Context and Purpose: Rural communities face substantial risks of natural disasters but rural hospitals face multiple obstacles to preparedness. The objective was to create and implement a simple and effective training and planning exercise to assist individual rural hospitals to improve disaster preparedness, as well as to enhance regional…

  1. Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluation of a Gender Equity and Family Planning Intervention for Married Men and Couples in Rural India.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Raj

    Full Text Available Despite ongoing recommendations to increase male engagement and gender-equity (GE counseling in family planning (FP services, few such programs have been implemented and rigorously evaluated. This study evaluates the impact of CHARM, a three-session GE+FP counseling intervention delivered by male health care providers to married men, alone (sessions 1&2 and with their wives (session 3 in India.A two-armed cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted with young married couples (N = 1081 couples recruited from 50 geographic clusters (25 clusters randomized to CHARM and a control condition, respectively in rural Maharashtra, India. Couples were surveyed on demographics, contraceptive behaviors, and intimate partner violence (IPV attitudes and behaviors at baseline and 9 &18-month follow-ups, with pregnancy testing at baseline and 18-month follow-up. Outcome effects on contraceptive use and incident pregnancy, and secondarily, on contraceptive communication and men's IPV attitudes and behaviors, were assessed using logistic generalized linear mixed models. Most men recruited from CHARM communities (91.3% received at least one CHARM intervention session; 52.5% received the couple's session with their wife. Findings document that women from the CHARM condition, relative to controls, were more likely to report contraceptive communication at 9-month follow-up (AOR = 1.77, p = 0.04 and modern contraceptive use at 9 and 18-month follow-ups (AORs = 1.57-1.58, p = 0.05, and they were less likely to report sexual IPV at 18-month follow-up (AOR = 0.48, p = 0.01. Men in the CHARM condition were less likely than those in the control clusters to report attitudes accepting of sexual IPV at 9-month (AOR = 0.64, p = 0.03 and 18-month (AOR = 0.51, p = 0.004 follow-up, and attitudes accepting of physical IPV at 18-month follow-up (AOR = 0.64, p = 0.02. No significant effect on pregnancy was seen.Findings demonstrate that men can be engaged in FP programming in

  2. Discussing dying in the diaspora: attitudes towards advance care planning among first generation Dutch and Italian migrants in rural Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, Craig; Smith, Jessica; Toussaint, Yann; Auret, Kirsten

    2014-01-01

    Western cultural practices and values have largely shaped advance care planning (ACP) policies across the world. Low uptake of ACP among ethnic minority groups in Western countries has been interpreted with reference to cultural differences. This paper adopts a life-history approach to explore attitudes towards ACP among older, first-generation Dutch-Australian and Italian-Australian migrants. Thirty people participated in extended ethnographic interviews (N = 17) and group discussions (N = 13) during 2012. Transcripts were thematically analyzed and interpreted using a Foucauldian perspective on knowledge and power. Migration experiences, ongoing contact with the native country and participation in migrant community support networks influenced attitudes towards ACP. Dutch participants framed ACP discussions with reference to euthanasia, and adopted a more individualist approach to medical decision-making. Italian participants often spoke of familial roles and emphasized a family-based decision making style. The importance of migrant identity has been neglected in previous discussions of cultural factors influencing ACP uptake among ethnic minority groups. The unique migration experience should be considered alongside culturally appropriate approaches to decision-making, in order to ensure equitable access to ACP among migrant groups.

  3. RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF RELAPAROTOMY IN DEPARTMENT OF OBSTRETRICS, GYNAECOLOGY AND FAMILY PLANNING IN, RURAL TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uma Thombarapu, Prabha Devi Kodey, GangadharaRao Koneru

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Relaparotomy is biggest dilemma to the surgeon and critical to the patient to undergo second surgery within short span of time .It is challenging both physically and mentally to the patient. Aim: Aim of the study was to determine incidence of relaparotomy and its indication, management and outcome in the department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Family Planning (OBGYN & FP in NRI Medical College & General Hospital at Guntur District. Materials and Methods: It is a retrospective observational study for the duration of 3 and ½ years. Total number of surgeries -7, 718. Total number of relaparotomy- 27 which include referral cases. Results: Incidence for relaparotomy was 0.34%. Most important cause for relaparotomy was haemorrhagic causes (44.4%, followed by burst abdomen (33.3%. Relaparotomy can increase morbidity, mortality (14.8% of patients with increased hospital stay on an average of 27 days including Intensive Care Unit, further increasing the financial burden to the patient. Conclusion: Emergency relaparotomy is a life saving procedure. Good expertise in selection of primary surgery and right surgical technique, intra operative hemostasis, control of post operative infection can avoid relaparatomy

  4. The Research of Rural Tourism Intention Based on Theory of Planned Behavior%基于计划行为理论的乡村旅游意向研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭倩倩; 胡善风; 朱红兵

    2013-01-01

    近来,乡村旅游已得到越来越多旅游学者的关注,而微观层面的乡村旅游行为这一主题鲜有研究。文章基于计划行为理论,通过构建乡村旅游意向的概念模型,旨在检验乡村旅游意向的深层次影响因素和机制。通过对430份样本数据进行探索性和验证性因子分析以及结构方程模型分析发现,情感性态度和工具性态度、外部压力和个人规范、自我效能感和便利认知对旅游者参与乡村旅游的意向存在显著的正向影响,研究最后还提出了引导旅游者参与乡村旅游的管理启示。%Recently, rural tourism has received more and more attention from tourism scholars, but there is little research concerning the topic of micro level of tourists behavior of rural tourism. Based on theory of planned behavior, this study aims to test underlying influencing factors and mechanism of rural tourism intention of tourists by constructing the concept of ru-ral tourism intention model. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation model analysis of 430 sam-ple data show that emotional attitude, instrumental attitude, external pressure, personal norm, perceived self-efficacy per-ceived facilitation have significant positive influences on rural tourism intention of toutists, and finally this research proposes managerial implications of guiding tourists to participate in rural tourism.

  5. Welfare service in rural areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Helle

    Many rural municipalities are challenged due to overall population decline and demographic changes and thus need to make adjustment to municipal services. Demographic profiles are central for assessing both needs, place bound resources and development potential of individual localities.Assessment...... and whether service adjustments are incorporated in municipal plans for strategic development.  Keywords: place bound potential, development in rural communities, municipal services and strategic planning....

  6. Village-Level Land Use Planning Researches in New Rural Construction%新农村建设村级土地利用规划研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单美; 王静; 王训; 马平

    2011-01-01

    The new rural construction promoted the development of village-level land use planning. In this paper, the connotation of the village land use planning was analyzed, the domestic village-level land use planning's research status in the homeland was discussed, and then the problems of the village-level land use planning were pointed out as follows:lack of theoretical research,the content of the village-level land use planning disunity, inadequate basic information in planning and corresponding post-evaluation was not timely carried on after accomplishing the planning projects. Village-level land use planning presented the coordinated development tends, such as focusing on the amount of land quantity and quality and ecological control of the overall plan ning, the coordination of urban and rural areas and public participation of different stakeholders, land-use planning information.The small scale study of land use plan will become the overall tendency. In future, the village-level land use planning should be spreaded, the spatial optimization of village-level land use planning should be deepened, and the improvement and maturity in theory and practice methods should be promoted.%新农村建设促进了村级土地利用规划的开展.该文分析了村级土地利用规划的内涵,论述了国内村级土地利用规划的研究现状,指出目前村级土地利用规划编制存在缺乏理论研究、规划内容不统一、规划基础资料不足及缺少规划实施后评价等问题.小尺度研究将成为土地利用规划研究的总体趋势,未来应加大试点村的规划编制,深化村级土地利用规划的空间布局优化,推进村级土地利用规划理论体系和实践方法的完善和成熟,促成国家制定统一的规划规程.

  7. High ANC coverage and low skilled attendance in a rural Tanzanian district: a case for implementing a birth plan intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cousens Simon

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In Tanzania, more than 90% of all pregnant women attend antenatal care at least once and approximately 62% four times or more, yet less than five in ten receive skilled delivery care at available health units. We conducted a qualitative study in Ngorongoro district, Northern Tanzania, in order to gain an understanding of the health systems and socio-cultural factors underlying this divergent pattern of high use of antenatal services and low use of skilled delivery care. Specifically, the study examined beliefs and behaviors related to antenatal, labor, delivery and postnatal care among the Maasai and Watemi ethnic groups. The perspectives of health care providers and traditional birth attendants on childbirth and the factors determining where women deliver were also investigated. Methods Twelve key informant interviews and fifteen focus group discussions were held with Maasai and Watemi women, traditional birth attendants, health care providers, and community members. Principles of the grounded theory approach were used to elicit and assess the various perspectives of each group of participants interviewed. Results The Maasai and Watemi women's preferences for a home birth and lack of planning for delivery are reinforced by the failure of health care providers to consistently communicate the importance of skilled delivery and immediate post-partum care for all women during routine antenatal visits. Husbands typically serve as gatekeepers of women's reproductive health in the two groups - including decisions about where they will deliver- yet they are rarely encouraged to attend antenatal sessions. While husbands are encouraged to participate in programs to prevent maternal-to-child transmission of HIV, messages about the importance of skilled delivery care for all women are not given emphasis. Conclusions Increasing coverage of skilled delivery care and achieving the full implementation of Tanzania's Focused Antenatal Care

  8. STUDY ON ECOLOGICAL PROTECTION PLANNING IN URBAN-RURAL FRINGE BASED ON FARMERS' DEVELOPMENT RIGHT%基于农民发展权城乡交错带生态保护规划研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王纪武; 李王鸣

    2012-01-01

    概述农民发展权的概念,指出空间用地资源是农民发展权的基础与保障,快速城市化过程中我国农民发展权保障的关键区域在于城乡交错带.分析了城乡交错带各类生态保护与发展规划存在的问题与原因,提出科学评价发展限度,积极实施有限发展的生态保护规划策略.以杭州为例,设计生态保护规划的技术路线,并展示具体的规划研究内容.以农民发展权为切入点的规划研究,对正视城乡关系、厘清城乡生态保护规划的思路与技术方法具有积极的推动作用.%The paper summarized the concept of farmers' development right and pointed out that land resource is the foundation and guarantee to farmers' development right. During the period of rapid urbanization, the urban-rural fringe area has become the key area in guaranteeing farmers' development right. The paper analyzes the problems of various ecological protection and development planning in urban-rural fringe and the possible causes, and puts forward strategies for ecological protection planning including scientific estimation on development limit and boosting restricted development. Taking Hangzhou as an example, the paper designs the technical frame of the ecological protection plan and demonstrates the study content of specific planning. Planning study from the perspective of fanners' development right will help clarifying the relationship between urban and rural areas, promoting ideas and methods for urban-rural ecological protection planning.

  9. Anomia in Rural Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odokara, E. O.

    1971-01-01

    Describes the results of a study to determine the relationship of various social and personal factors to adjustment and to identify the attitudes, values and motivations which either facilitate or retard adjustment. Provides guidelines for planning adult education programs to revitalize the rural people in war affected areas. (RB)

  10. Rural Electric Network Alteration Spurs Cable Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>Most aluminum cable enterprises in Yunnan and Zhejiang focus their production capacity on overhead cables needed in rural electric network alteration. During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, China launched the rural electric network alteration & upgrade project. As of the middle of 2011, the budget of the central government for the rural electric network alteration & upgrade project planned by the National Development and Reform Commission has reached up to RMB 64.96 billion.

  11. Rural Aging

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Rural Health Topics & States Topics View more Rural Aging The nation's population is aging, and with that change comes increased healthcare needs. ... Disease Control and Prevention report, The State of Aging and Health in America 2013 , the population 65 ...

  12. CONSTRUCTION OF REGIONAL INFORMATION DATABASE AND APPLICATION PLATFORM FOR URBAN & RURAL PLANNING%区域性城乡规划信息数据库及应用平台建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹军; 叶晨

    2013-01-01

    区域性城乡规划信息系统的应用需求、数据构成、技术架构具有其独特性.结合新一轮江苏省城镇体系规划修编工作,开展全省区域性城乡规划信息数据建库和应用平台的开发工作.根据区域规划的编制和研究应用需求,制定了面向未来区域规划工作需求的数据标准,实现了全省多源、多尺度、多时态空间数据的整合与共享,为江苏省城镇体系规划以及其他相关规划编制提供数据分析、规划决策支撑等服务.%Regional urban & rural information system has some unique features, such as its application requirements, data composition, and technology structure. Combined with the new round of urban system planning of Jiangsu, we carried out the development of Jiangsu provincial urban and rural planning information database and application platform. Based on the requirement of regional planning and researches, we formulated the data standard for future regional planning, and achieved the integrated and sharable spatial data of multi-source, multi-scale, multi-tense, so as to provide service for data analysis and decision making for Jiangsu's urban system planning and relevant planning.

  13. 苏中地区专业镇城乡规划一体化研究——以东台市溱东镇为例%Study on Urban -rural Integrated Planning of Specialized Towns in Central Jiangsu——Taking Example for Qindong Town of Dongtai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨瑞华; 隋玉亭

    2011-01-01

    The existing problems in the current planning system were analyzed by taking the urban - rural integrated development of Qindong stainless steel specialized town in the central area of Jiangsu province as a case, and the urban - rural integrated development paths of specialized towns were put forward from the following 5 aspects; overall consideration of urban and rural spatial layout, urban and rural industrial development, rural and urban infrastructure construction, rural and urban public service, and rural and urban ecological environment. The author pointed out the developmental direction of urban - rural integrated planning of specialized towns.%以苏中地区溱东不锈钢专业镇城乡一体化发展为例,分析了现行规划体系中存在的问题,提出了专业镇城乡一体化发展路径为统筹城乡空间布局、城乡产业发展、城乡基础设施建设、城乡公共服务、城乡生态环境5个方面,为专业镇的城乡规划一体化指明了发展方向.

  14. Rural electrification: elements for debates; Eletrificacao rural: elementos para o debate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Marcos Vinicius Miranda da [Para Univ., Belem, PA (Brazil). Centro de Educacao. Grupo de Estudos em Educacao, Cultura e Meio Ambiente). E-mail: marcos_v_m_silva@yahoo.com; Bermann, Celio [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Programa Interunidades de Pos-graduacao em Energia]. E-mail: cbermann@iee.usp.br

    1999-07-01

    This paper analyses the benefits of the rural electrification and recommends the inclusion of the social and environmental aspects in the decision making, as directives for the implantation of rural electrification and the energetic planning. It aims a more equitable distribution of the rural electrification benefits among the country regions and the definition of the energetic systems in an economical and environmental rational manner.

  15. Does the design and implementation of proven innovations for delivering basic primary health care services in rural communities fit the urban setting: the case of Ghana’s Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Rapid urban population growth is of global concern as it is accompanied with several new health challenges. The urban poor who reside in informal settlements are more vulnerable to these health challenges. Lack of formal government public health facilities for the provision of health care is also a common phenomenon among communities inhabited by the urban poor. To help ameliorate this situation, an innovative urban primary health system was introduced in urban Ghana, based on the milestones model developed with the rural Community-Based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) system. This paper provides an overview of innovative experiences adapted while addressing these urban health issues, including the process of deriving constructive lessons needed to inform discourse on the design and implementation of the sustainable Community-Based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) model as a response to urban health challenges in Southern Ghana. Methods This research was conducted during the six-month pilot of the urban CHPS programme in two selected areas acting as the intervention and control arms of the design. Daily routine data were collected based on milestones initially delineated for the rural CHPS model in the control communities whilst in the intervention communities, some modifications were made to the rural milestones. Results The findings from the implementation activities revealed that many of the best practices derived from the rural CHPS experiment could not be transplanted to poor urban settlements due to the unique organizational structures and epidemiological characteristics found in the urban context. For example, constructing Community Health Compounds and residential facilities within zones, a central component to the rural CHPS strategy, proved inappropriate for the urban sector. Night and weekend home visit schedules were initiated to better accommodate urban residents and increase coverage. The breadth of the disease burden of the urban

  16. Does the design and implementation of proven innovations for delivering basic primary health care services in rural communities fit the urban setting: the case of Ghana's Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adongo, Philip Baba; Phillips, James F; Aikins, Moses; Arhin, Doris Afua; Schmitt, Margaret; Nwameme, Adanna U; Tabong, Philip Teg-Nefaah; Binka, Fred N

    2014-04-01

    Rapid urban population growth is of global concern as it is accompanied with several new health challenges. The urban poor who reside in informal settlements are more vulnerable to these health challenges. Lack of formal government public health facilities for the provision of health care is also a common phenomenon among communities inhabited by the urban poor. To help ameliorate this situation, an innovative urban primary health system was introduced in urban Ghana, based on the milestones model developed with the rural Community-Based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) system. This paper provides an overview of innovative experiences adapted while addressing these urban health issues, including the process of deriving constructive lessons needed to inform discourse on the design and implementation of the sustainable Community-Based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) model as a response to urban health challenges in Southern Ghana. This research was conducted during the six-month pilot of the urban CHPS programme in two selected areas acting as the intervention and control arms of the design. Daily routine data were collected based on milestones initially delineated for the rural CHPS model in the control communities whilst in the intervention communities, some modifications were made to the rural milestones. The findings from the implementation activities revealed that many of the best practices derived from the rural CHPS experiment could not be transplanted to poor urban settlements due to the unique organizational structures and epidemiological characteristics found in the urban context. For example, constructing Community Health Compounds and residential facilities within zones, a central component to the rural CHPS strategy, proved inappropriate for the urban sector. Night and weekend home visit schedules were initiated to better accommodate urban residents and increase coverage. The breadth of the disease burden of the urban residents also requires a

  17. Nurse Practitioner Autonomy and Satisfaction in Rural Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spetz, Joanne; Skillman, Susan M; Andrilla, C Holly A

    2016-01-29

    Rural primary care shortages may be alleviated if more nurse practitioners (NPs) practiced there. This study compares urban and rural primary care NPs (classified by practice location in urban, large rural, small rural, or isolated small rural areas) using descriptive analysis of the 2012 National Sample Survey of NPs. A higher share of rural NPs worked in states without physician oversight requirements, had a DEA (drug enforcement administration) number, hospital admitting privileges, and billed using their own provider identifier. Rural NPs more often reported they were fully using their NP skills, practicing to the fullest extent of the legal scope of practice, satisfied with their work, and planning to stay in their jobs. We found lower per capita NP supply in rural areas, but the proportion in primary care increased with rurality. To meet rural primary care needs, states should support rural NP practice, in concert with support for rural physician practice.

  18. Metrics for Local Community Planning and Evaluation: The Case for Observational Measurement of High Risk Rural Sub-Populations in Occupant Safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steve Davidson

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The purpose of this study is to examine the relevance of non-specific safety belt use data for interventions to rural teens and to pilot a data collection project to provide more specific data to traffic safety stakeholders and educators in rural areas.Methods: Twelve high schools in Southeast Georgia were used for observed safety belt data collection over a 16 month period. Observational surveys were conducted at the entrance to student parking lots of the studied schools in the morning or afternoon. Observers were trained and survey methods were standardized to maintain comparability between results.Results: Observational surveys revealed a safety belt usage rate of 38.6% among high schools teens at the studied high schools. Safety belt usage rates ranged from 9.5% to 66.9%. Observed safety belt use for female vehicle occupants was 48.4% compared to 35.6% for males.Conclusion: The observational survey results from this study support research showing that rural teens have lower safety belt usage rates than adults or urban teens. Despite efforts to target rural areas, programs must specifically target sub populations, especially rural male teens, in order to hold any traction. Because of the wide gap between measured safety belt use in rural Georgia (79.9% and the studied rural high schools (38.6%, local program planners must assess actual safety belt usage in their high risk rural teen population in order to use accurate metrics for intervention and education efforts. [West J Emerg Med. 2013;14(4:380-383.

  19. 四川省乡村旅游资源空间结构优化研究%RESEARCH ON RURAL TOURISM PLANNING IN SICHUAN PROVINCE BASED ON SPATIAL STRUCTURE OPTIMIZATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王婷

    2016-01-01

    The development of the rural tourismin Sichuan province has experienced nearly 20 years, but it is still in the early stage of the development, for example, the management mode is relatively backward , source of tourists mainly relying on the traditional natural scenic , and rural tourism sites has not yet formed an independent develop -ment of the business situation.Combined with the actual situation, this paper analyzed the status quo of the devel -opment of rural tourism in Sichuan province , analyzed the restricted factors for the development of rural tourism , and put forward the development strategies of rural tourism .It should focus on the development in some important areas rather than all regions, the development mode should adhere to the current development trendand the tradi -tional tourism scenic area to realize the development of the surrounding rural tourism scenic area .The development plan should pay attention to the traffic situation to achieve a good match between traffic network and tourist attrac -tions.This study can provide some references for the rapid development of the rural tourism in Sichuan province .%四川省乡村旅游经营模式相对落后,游客来源主要依靠周边的传统自然景区,乡村旅游景点或景区尚未形成能够独立发展的经营局面。文章结合实地调研,对四川省乡村旅游空间结构现状进行了详细分析,并根据顺应空间结构现状、区域利益统一化、综合考虑交通条件等优化原则,从构建“以点带面”空间发展格局、突出传统旅游区的节点作用及优化交通资源与旅游资源的匹配等方面提出了四川省乡村旅游空间结构优化策略,以期为四川省乡村旅游的快速发展提供参考。

  20. Communication and Integrated Rural Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Information Center on Instructional Technology Report, 1976

    1976-01-01

    In discussing communication planning and integrated rural development, Philip H. Coombs, Manzoor Ahmed, and Pratima Kale of the International Council for Educational Development stress that communication planning must deal with problems in behavioral and not just technical terms. Communication planners must be able to work with experts from other…

  1. Problems and Design Requirements of Rural Garden and Landscape Planning%乡村园林景观规划存在的问题及设计要求

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李飒

    2012-01-01

    总结了传统乡土园林的主要特点及景观范畴,分析了存在的问题,并提出设计要求,以期为乡村园林景观规划提供参考。%The main characteristics and the category of landscape of traditional vernacular landscape were summarized,existing problems were analyzed, and design requirements were proposed, so as to provide reference for rural garden and landscape planning.

  2. 三分编制 七分管理——成都城乡统筹规划经验总结%THIRTY PERCENT COMPILATION AND SEVENTY PERCENT ADMINISTRATION:URBAN-RURAL INTEGRATION PLANNING OF CHENGDU

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾悦

    2012-01-01

    城乡规划是城乡统筹工作的重要组成部分.成都实践表明,规划管理的改革能有效促进编制上的革新;实施方面,规划也许只有在与其他部门协同联动的基础上方可发挥应有的作用,同时,其他相关政策的空间落实也需要规划的协助.本文拟通过对成都城乡统筹实践的总结对此进行说明.%The planning is one of the important parts of urban-rural integration. The practice of Chengdu demonstrates that planning administration weighs more than planning compilation in construction guidance. Besides, only if planning coordinates with other departments can it better play its role. Meanwhile, the spatial implementation of other policies needs the help of planning. This article demonstrates it by summarizing Chengdu's experience.

  3. Discussion on Planning and Design of New Rural Ecological Green Space%新农村生态绿地规划设计探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘峥; 刘珊

    2011-01-01

    The reclamation methods for new rural ecological green space were explored. From the fundamental need of rural, the principle and method for modem rural landscape development and reclamation were explored. The new rural landscape green spaces were classified from perspective of sustainable development and were analyzed with examples. Finally, the author advocated an idea of insisting on green ecology during the urban and rural integration process of "metropolitan socialist'.%探索了新农村生态绿地的改造方式与方法,从农村根本需要出发,探索现代农村景观发展和改造的原则与方法.从可持续发展的角度对新农村景观绿地进行分类研究并配以案例解析,探讨如何借鉴成功的案例精神,将其运用在城市景现设计中.倡导在“大都市主义”的城市农村一体化进程中坚持以绿色生态为本的理念.

  4. 城乡规划管理廉政风险分析及预警防控系统的建立%lncorruption Risk Analysis in Urban and Rural Planning Management and Establishment of Early Warning and Prevention System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴卫; 杜玲玲; 罗龙

    2015-01-01

    This paper studies the incorruptibility risks of urban and rural planning management by using the risk manage-ment theory.lt introduces the fishbone diagram to find out the risks,and describes the design ideas and the application of the Guangzhou urban planning incorruptibility risks early warning and prevention system.%用风险管理理论对城乡规划管理廉政风险防控进行了深入探究。阐述了使用鱼骨图分析法查找城乡规划管理中的廉政“风险点”的方法,介绍了广州市城乡规划廉政风险预警防控系统的设计和应用情况。

  5. Estabishment and implement of the professional skill cultivation plan for major of rural regional development%农村区域发展专业技能培养方案的制定与实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段巍巍; 陶佩君; 崔永福

    2012-01-01

    实践教学在应用型人才培养中具有重要地位和作用。制定了以实践教学为核心的农村区域发展专业技能培养方案,包括专业技能培养框架,专业实践能力培养形式,落实专业技能培养方案的方法体系和保障措施。%Practice teaching occupies an important position and plays an important role in application-oriented talent training.The article establishes the professional skills center around practice teaching cultivation plan for major of rural regional development,including the professional skills cultivation frame,cultivation forms,the method system and ensuring measures about the implementation of professional skill cultivation plan.

  6. Rural Governance in Germany and the Related Requirements for Urban Planning Practice%德国的乡村治理及其对于规划工作的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易鑫

    2015-01-01

    rural area and local identity could be strengthened. The self-regulation and that from outside would be balanced in this process. Against the complexity of spatial development, strategic spatial planning based on rural governance has to integrate the policies and instruments and to develop the planning frameworks and cooperation based on demand-oriented pattern, so that the perception capacity and place quality in rural area could be cultivated.

  7. Nanjing Urban Rural Planning Strategy For Culture Competition Improvement%城市文化竞争力提升视角下的南京城乡规划策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    官卫华; 何流; 赵蕾

    2014-01-01

    新时期的城乡规划工作必须将保持文化异质性和多样性作为重要约束性条件,研究和建立有利于文化融合与创新的空间规划机制,寻求文化认同与价值认同,创造先进文化范式和提升城市竞争力。南京市拥有丰富的文化资源,具有兼容并蓄、平和包容、开放创新的城市文化性格和内涵,基于宏观战略层面从历史文化与现代文化融合、文化与科技融合、文化创意产业培育等方面提出了相应的空间规划策略,以此为城市转型发展和规划体制创新寻求合理路径。%Urban rural planning needs to consider cultural heterogeneity and diversity, study spatial planning mechanism for cultural integration and innovation, seek cultural and value recognition, create avant-garde cultural paradigm, and improve city competitive power. Nanjing has abundant cultural resources and incorporative, innovative city culture. Nanjing urban rural integrate planning raises spatial strategies from history and culture, seeks reasonable path for urban transition and planning innovation, and improves city culture competitive power.

  8. Urban Fringe Areas of Rural Landscape Planning%城市边缘区乡村景观的规划探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁玮; 李莉萍

    2012-01-01

    The dual properties of both the urban and rural urban fringe is in urban and rural areas,between urban and rural social and economic elements of intense transition zone.With the accelerated process of urbanization,the problem of landscape ecology and ecological security problems are acute,there has been urban and rural interaction interface gradually blurred,village gradually swallowed by the city,the landscape pattern of confusion and other issues.This article from the urban fringe of the features and functions to start,on the urban fringe rural landscape of the features,functions,location analysis,on this basis,summed up the urban fringe and rural landscape protection measures for remediation method.%兼具城市和农村双重属性的城市边缘区是处于城乡之间、城市和乡村的社会、经济等要素激烈转换的地带。随着城市化进程的加快,其景观生态问题和生态安全问题十分突出,出现了城市与乡村交互的界面逐渐模糊,乡村逐渐被城市所吞噬,景观格局混乱等问题。从城市边缘区的特征和功能入手,对城市边缘区乡村景观进行了特征、功能的定位分析,在此基础上探讨了城市边缘区乡村景观的整治方法以及保护措施。

  9. Responsibility of the Government:Estabilishing Rural Social Endowment Insurance System in Family Planning Families%政府职责:建立农村计划生育家庭社会养老保险制度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王荣红

    2012-01-01

    Estabilishing rural social endowment insurance system in family planning families is the responsibility of the government. In the process of implementation on family planning rewards policy, the government has made great innovation both in systematic supply and financal supply. The incorporation of rewards into the new rural agricultural insurance in one of innovations, which strengthens the effect of compentation, excition and security%建立农村计划生育家庭社会养老保险制度,政府责无旁贷。在奖扶制度的实施中,政府在制度供给和财政供给方面进行了积极的探索和创新。奖扶制度并入新农保,是制度的又一创新。由于明确和强化了政府的代偿职责,制度补偿、保障和激励的功效会更好。

  10. Rural Supremacy

    OpenAIRE

    Shah, Meera

    2011-01-01

    The success of any brand depends on it acceptance by the consumers. This project highlights the rural buying behaviour. The rural consumers tend to show a closed mind towards branded goods and services. Though the current scenario is improved than the past but still large amount of rural market is untapped. The marketers now understand the potential at the bottom of the pyramid but there are doubts regarding the way this market can be reached and converted into customers. Many factors like in...

  11. Rural Supremacy

    OpenAIRE

    Shah, Meera

    2011-01-01

    The success of any brand depends on it acceptance by the consumers. This project highlights the rural buying behaviour. The rural consumers tend to show a closed mind towards branded goods and services. Though the current scenario is improved than the past but still large amount of rural market is untapped. The marketers now understand the potential at the bottom of the pyramid but there are doubts regarding the way this market can be reached and converted into customers. Many factors like in...

  12. 社会保险城乡统筹问题研究综述%Recent Literatures Review About Social Insurance Planning Among Urban and Rural Areas of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷晓康; 张楠

    2012-01-01

    社会保障制度一直都把普惠和公平作为其应达到的目标。在普惠方面,我国已基本上实现制度性全覆盖,但从公平性角度看,城乡之间社会保障的公平性正在受到严重的挑战。鉴于此,学者们从不同的视角、运用不同的理论、采用不同的研究方法对城乡社会保险制度的统筹问题进行了研究。本文综合国内研究成果,从统筹城乡社会保险的内涵、障碍因素以及实现路径等方面对现有文献进行梳理和综述。%Universality and equity have been regarded as the goal of social security system.In the aspects of universal,we have basically realized institutionally complete coverage.But from the perspective of equity,the equity in the urban and rural social security is under serious challenge.So scholars have been researching on urban and rural planning on social insurance system from different perspectives,theories and methods.The paper reviews recent literatures at home and abroad from the meaning,barriers and realizes paths of urban and rural planning on social insurance system.

  13. Unifying Two Regional Planning Methodologies in an Analysis of the Rural and Agricultural Development Potential of the Province of Yozgat, Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BARIŞ ERGEN

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This study will investigate Yozgat’s agricultural potential for rural development. There are many emigrants from Yozgat. The elderly population here is increasing, and although the agricultural potential is strong, it is not used effectively. The method used in this study includes a combination of two approaches. The first approach includes the critical factors of rural development: physical systems, social systems, creative systems, local systems and economic systems. The second approach includes the accelerators of rural population, in addition to the opportunities and limiters. The most important problem related to the analysis of rural development is the selection of a perspective on the province in question. This study will guide future studies of provinces and regions. The study concluded that Yozgat’s social life should be as lively and strong as its agricultural production and animal husbandry potential. Moreover, Yozgat has important ecotourism destinations, and this potential should be used. The greatest necessity of Yozgat is agro-industry that will serve for the processing of agricultural and animal husbandry products.

  14. 农村基层自治创新机制研究:基于城乡统筹的视角%On the Innovative Mechanism of Rural Grass-Root Self-Government:Based on Overall Planning of Urban and Rural Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马步广

    2015-01-01

    Since China's reform and opening up, there has been a constant improvement in China's governance patterns at grass–root level, which has gradually evolved from the villagers' and urban residents'self-governance to community autonomy in both rural and urban areas. However, in the context of overall planning of urban and rural development, the grass-root self-government in rural areas faces challenges in the aspects of election, decision-making, and supervision. To innovate rural grass-root self-governance mechanism, we need to define laws and regulations in detail and innovate system establishment mechanism, to improve the villagers' quality and innovate the benefit guarantee system, and to shape citizen culture and ingenuity cultivation mechanism.%改革开放以来,我国基层社会治理的模式不断发展,历经农村村民自治、城市居民自治,逐渐向城乡社区自治演变,然而城乡统筹的时代背景也给农村基层自治在选举、决策、监督诸方面带来了挑战。创新农村基层自治机制,需要细化法律法规,创新制度建设机制;提高村民素质,创新利益保障机制;塑造公民文化,创新意识培育机制。

  15. Rural maternity care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Katherine J; Couchie, Carol; Ehman, William; Graves, Lisa; Grzybowski, Stefan; Medves, Jennifer

    2012-10-01

    To provide an overview of current information on issues in maternity care relevant to rural populations. Medline was searched for articles published in English from 1995 to 2012 about rural maternity care. Relevant publications and position papers from appropriate organizations were also reviewed. This information will help obstetrical care providers in rural areas to continue providing quality care for women in their communities. Recommendations 1. Women who reside in rural and remote communities in Canada should receive high-quality maternity care as close to home as possible. 2. The provision of rural maternity care must be collaborative, woman- and family-centred, culturally sensitive, and respectful. 3. Rural maternity care services should be supported through active policies aligned with these recommendations. 4. While local access to surgical and anaesthetic services is desirable, there is evidence that good outcomes can be sustained within an integrated perinatal care system without local access to operative delivery. There is evidence that the outcomes are better when women do not have to travel far from their communities. Access to an integrated perinatal care system should be provided for all women. 5. The social and emotional needs of rural women must be considered in service planning. Women who are required to leave their communities to give birth should be supported both financially and emotionally. 6. Innovative interprofessional models should be implemented as part of the solution for high-quality, collaborative, and integrated care for rural and remote women. 7. Registered nurses are essential to the provision of high-quality rural maternity care throughout pregnancy, birth, and the postpartum period. Maternity nursing skills should be recognized as a fundamental part of generalist rural nursing skills. 8. Remuneration for maternity care providers should reflect the unique challenges and increased professional responsibility faced by providers in

  16. Explore the Role of Urban and Rural Planning and the Way that Come into Play in the Market Economic System%市场经济体制中城乡规划的作用及其发挥作用的方式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔德智

    2014-01-01

    This article bases on the market economy backgr-ound to analysis of the urban and rural planning problems that out of the market economy condition, and puts forward the practice approach of the urban and rural planning under the market economic system.%本文基于市场经济体制背景,对脱离市场经济条件城乡规划存在的问题进行了分析,并提出了在市场经济体制下城乡规划的实践做法。

  17. Analysis on Key Technologies and Application of Completion Acceptance for Urban-Rural Planning%城乡规划竣工验收测量要点与技术应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏捷

    2013-01-01

    以增城市规划验收竣工测量实际工作为基础,介绍了在“数字增城、阳光规划”大背景下对城乡规划测绘的要求,提出了规划验收测量中的工作要点及发展方向,对现今竣工测量的现状和当前存在的问题进行了剖析,最后探讨了现代测绘技术在城市规划验收测量中的应用.%Based on the completion acceptance measurement of Zengcheng,the paper introduces the requirements of urban-rural planning mapping and surveying in "Digital Zengcheng,Sunny Planning",proposes the key points of work and development direction of planning and acceptance measurement,and explores the problems in the current measurement.Finally the paper discusses the application of modern surveying and mapping technologies in urban planning and acceptance measurement.

  18. El desarrollo rural y la transformación del patrimonio arquitectónico tradicional. El caso de la aldea indígena Plan Grande Quehueche (Izabal, Guatemala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanco Sepúlveda, Rafael

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The rural development based on ecotourism is supported by the rich cultural and ecological values existing in the territory. Nevertheless, the economic development of the rural communities is used to induce a counterproductive transformation of the cultural values of these communities, basic element of this tourist modality. One of the cultural values affected by this phenomenon is the vernacular architecture. The objective of this paper is to analyze the causes and the initial process of transformation of the vernacular architecture of the small village Plan Grande Quehueche of the Department of Izabal in Guatemala. This process has affected the formal aspects of the inside house, building materials and traditional architectural typology. The paper finishes indicating the preventive measures and/or correctors that would be able to finish this phenomenon of vernacular architectural patrimony degradation.

    [es] El desarrollo rural basado en el ecoturismo se sustenta sobre los ricos valores ecológicos y culturales que existen en el territorio. Sin embargo, paradójicamente, el desarrollo económico de las comunidades rurales suele llevar aparejado una transformación contraproducente de los valores culturales de dichas comunidades, pilar básico de esta modalidad turística. Uno de los valores culturales que se ven afectados por este fenómeno es la arquitectura popular. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las causas y el proceso inicial de transformación de la arquitectura popular de la aldea Plan Grande Quehueche del Departamento de Izabal en Guatemala y que está afectando a los aspectos formales del interior de las viviendas, a los materiales de construcción y a la tipología arquitectónica tradicional. El trabajo termina indicando las medidas preventivas y/o correctoras oportunas que se podrían establecer para poner fin a este fenómeno de degradación del patrimonio arquitectónico tradicional. [fr] Le développement rural

  19. Rural Households

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    dependency on state institutions under the Vietnamese transition to a market society. It discusses present poverty definitions and measures by comparing survey data with the formal economic categorization of rural households. Both the overall characteristics of rural society and qualitative data indicate...

  20. Going Rural

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Foreign banks are beginning to invest in China's rural financial system, helping to meet a strong need for capital As Chinese commercial banks retreat from the rural market, foreign banks appear ready to jump into a sector with a strong thirst for capital. In July, Rabobank Group, the International Finance Corp. and the United

  1. Rural Agrobusiness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treillon, Roland; And Others

    1992-01-01

    This publication describes the formation and evolution of rural agribusiness (RA) in the southern hemisphere as a precondition for improving the lives of families in rural communities, and focuses on RA endeavors created by development projects in Latin America, the Caribbean, and Africa. After a short introduction, the first section of this study…

  2. Rural Infrastructure Construction in New Socialist Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In the background of new socialist countryside construction,rural infrastructure construction is favorable to consolidating fundamental position of agriculture,expanding rural job opportunities,increasing farmers’ income,and favorable to development of rural economy and the national economy. Rural infrastructure construction mainly includes construction of agricultural basic production conditions,construction of rural ecological environment,construction of agricultural service system,and construction of rural living facilities. Finally,we put forward approaches and methods for strengthening rural infrastructure construction: firstly,increase fund input to provide financial support for rural infrastructure construction; second ly,make scientific village planning to ensure sustainability of rural infrastructure construction; thirdly,arouse farmers’ enthusiasm and initiative to promote stable development of rural infrastructure construction.

  3. 低碳时代的城市发展导向与城乡规划变革%The Development-oriented of Contemporary Urban and Urban-rural Planning Transformation in Low-carbon Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洪波; 徐苏宁

    2011-01-01

    Global climate change has become a hot issue of the whole world.However,the current urban-rural planning has not met the needs of low-carbon development in some respects.In order to deal with the thinking of urban-rural planning,this paper analyzes the connotation of low carbon cities.First of all,based on the analogical analysis of the biological level and city-level,the paper analyzes the endogenous-type low-carbon.From the analysis of modern technical means and systems of urban management system,the paper analyzes the extrahepatic–type low-carbon of the city.In addition,the paper analyzes the core values orientation of low-carbon urban construction from three aspects,including mode selection of low-carbon society,broad ecological values ??of low-carbon city,value ethics of technology and environment.Based on the needs of transformation,this paper puts forward the target system of low-carbon city,the conceptual paradigm shift,and the transformation demand of Urban-rural planning.%气候变化引发了全球对低碳城市的关注,现行城乡规划在一些方面与低碳时代要求还不适应。为及时转变我国城乡规划思维,首先解析了低碳城市内涵,即从生物层面与城市层面的类比分析解析低碳城市"内生型"低碳化;从现代技术手段和系统的城市管理体系解析"外生型"低碳化,进而从低碳社会模式选择、宽泛的低碳生态价值观和技术与环境的价值伦理三个层面阐释了低碳城市建设的核心价值取向。在此基础上,提出低碳导向的城乡规划目标和理念转变模式以及城乡规划工作视野拓展的变革要求。

  4. Exploration of the System of the Revision of the Master Plan:A Case Study of the Urban-rural Overall Planning of Chongqing%总体规划修改的制度化探索--以重庆市城乡总体规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王岳; 罗江帆

    2013-01-01

      传统基于技术理性的蓝图式总体规划难以适应经济社会快速发展的要求,《重庆市城乡总体规划(2007-2020年)》(2011年修订)探索实践了《城乡规划法》和《城市总体规划修改工作规则》规定的修改程序。增强总体规划的适应性,需要建立动态完善总体规划的机制、加强多层级多部门的协调合作、空间与政策并重,加强对城市宏观发展趋势的把握。%The traditional master planning based on technical ration is difficult to adapt the rapid development. The Urban-rural Overal Planning of Chongqing (revised edition, 2011) has explored the modification procedure which is set up by Urban and Rural Planning Law of the People’s Republic of China and Working Regulation of Modification of City Overal Planning. In order to enhance the adaptability of overall planning, we need to build mechanism of dynamic modification, strengthen cooperation between multi-levels and multi-departments, reconcile spatial development and policies, and grasp macro-trend of a city’s development.

  5. Continuing Education for Rural Hospital Nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Nancy; Pickard, Myrna R.

    1979-01-01

    Describes a rural outreach program to provide continuing education in nursing practice to all levels of nursing personnel in rural hospitals. Covers difficulties in planning and implementing the programs and the steps taken to explain the program philosophy and gain the trust of hospital adminstration and staff. (MF)

  6. Edge Effect and the Optimal Design of Rural Tourism Planning%边缘效应与乡村旅游规划优化设计探讨——以临潼区乡村旅游规划实践为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    井晓鹏

    2011-01-01

    引入边缘效应理论,界定了乡村旅游规划中边缘区与边缘效应的概念、内涵,指出乡村旅游规划应重视边缘效应,并以临潼区乡村旅游规划实践为例,从总体规划和详细规划两个层次深入探讨了乡村旅游规划中边缘效应的挖掘及其实现途径.%Introducing edge effect theory, the concept and connotation of edge area and edge effect in rural tourism planning was defined.With Lintong Area rural tourism planning practice as an example, the realize ways for edge effect were discussed from two aspects of general planning and specific planning.

  7. 山东省乡村旅游资源调查与生态旅游规划探究%EXPLORATION OF RURAL TOURISM RESOURCES SURVEY AND ECOLOGICAL TOURISM PLANNING IN SHANDONG PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李爱兰

    2016-01-01

    tourists;development and management were not standardized, brand awareness was not strong;the mode of industrial devel-opment was extensive, ecological consciousness was weak, and so on. In order to provide reference for the rural ec-ological tourism planning in Shandong Province, this paper put forward concrete proposals, such as the implementa-tion of "government-market" integrated management mechanism, the popularity of the concept of ecological pro-tection;strengthening the scientific planning, developing planning stage of ecological regions reasonably; the im-plementation of classification management, optimization of the marketing mode, paying attention to ecological pro-tection process; improving product quality, increasing product categories, highlighting the ecological and cultural characteristics; introducing and developing high -quality talents, strengthening ecological protection conscious-ness, and so on.

  8. Uso de la evaluación en un contexto de múltiples agentes: el caso del plan de desarrollo rural del país vasco (en el marco de la UE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Ángeles Díez López

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la utilización de los resultados y del proceso seguido en la evaluación de un programa de desarrollo rural basada en un enfoque participativo. Para ello, se utiliza la experiencia de la Evaluación Intermedia del Plan de Desarrollo Rural Sostenible del País Vasco 2000-2006. La premisa fundamental del equipo evaluador es que la participación incrementa la utilización de la evaluación, favoreciendo su uso en el diseño y en la toma de decisiones. El artículo se estructura en dos partes fundamentales: la primera de ellas describe la adecuación del modelo de evaluación participativa a los intereses y propósitos de nuestra evaluación. La segunda parte examina el impacto que este modelo de evaluación tuvo sobre el uso de sus hallazgos y recomendaciones. Esta valoración permitió extraer lecciones que pueden ayudar a reforzar el uso de la evaluación en contextos donde participan múltiples agentes, favoreciendo así el desarrollo de la gobernanza.

  9. 基于城乡一体化背景的乳制品行业物流供应链整合%Integration of Dairy Product Logistics Supply Chains against Background of Urban-rural Overall Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦烨; 康耀武

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we introduced the current status of the logistics chain of the dairy industry in China as well as the influence of the urban-rural overall planning on the supply chain systems of the industry, and at the end, proposed the line of thinking and relevant measures to integrate the logistics supply chain systems of the dairy industry in China.%阐述了我国乳制品行业物流链的发展状况与城乡一体化对乳制品行业供应链的影响,并基于城乡一体化背景提出了我国乳制品行业物流供应链整合的思路与相关举措。

  10. Rural Priority

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    As the Chinese economy soars ahead in the wake of the international financial crisis, more attention is being given to the country’s indus-trial, financial, investment and trade figures. But the Central Rural Work

  11. Rural nurses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson, Rhonda L.; Usher, Kim

    2015-01-01

    with descriptive techniques. In-depth interviews were conducted and the transcribed data were analysed using thematic techniques. Results: The results of this study demonstrate that in general rural people are willing to seek mental health care, and that rural nurses are well suited to provide initial care...... to young people. Conclusions: Non-traditional venues such as community, school and justice settings are ideal places where more convenient first conversations about mental health with young people and their families, and rural nurses should be deployed to these settings. Relevance to Clinical Practice......: Rural nurses are able to contribute important initial engagement interventions that enhance the early mental health care for young people when it is needed....

  12. A Probe Of Chongqing Urban Rural Planning Efficacy Supervision System Development%重庆市城乡规划效能监察系统建设探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏; 胡源; 周宏文; 陈萃

    2012-01-01

    重庆市城乡规划效能监察系统采用多层体系架构进行建设,建设内容涵盖数据仓库建设、绩效分析模型建设、效能监察软件建设和分析统计报表建立等方面,从逻辑上分为数据访问层、业务逻辑层和表现层三个层次,提供了业务监管、业务动态、智能搜索和统计分析等核心业务功能,支持多种客户端访问方式.城乡规划效能监察系统的建设有利于建立高效的行政管理体制,提高规划管理工作的效能和效率,建立和完善城乡规划编制、决策、实施、监督和责任追究的长效机制.%Chongqing urban rural planning efficacy supervision system is a multi-layered structure. Its content includes database, performance analysis, efficacy supervision, and statistics report; it has three layers: data access, business logics, and expression; its core functions include business supervision, data update, intelligent search, and statistics analysis. The system will help improve administrative efficiency and set up a long-term mechanism for urban-rural planning compilation, decision making, implementation, and supervision.

  13. Integrated rural development: commitment and policy-frame.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, A R

    1979-07-01

    India's 6th plan accords top priority to rural development with emphasis on development of agriculture and allied activities and rural industries. Rural growth has been slow and rural proverty has been increasing, because most of the low income groups in the rural areas depend heavily on agriculture for their livelihood. Primary constraints in the development of rural residents arise from their dependence on agriculture for livelihood, the importance of nonagricultural sources of income, and the compounding effects of natural calamities. Rural development is a strategy designed to improve the economic and social life of a specific group of people. It involves extending the benefits of development to the poorest residents of rural areas -- small farmers, tenants, landless, rural artisans, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. Rural development must be designed to increase production and raise productivity. India's 6th plan has recognized that the distribution of unemployment and poverty as well as the potential for development of agriculture and related activities varies both among and within regions. Efforts have now been made to make the programs area specific. The new approach aims at integrating field programs reflecting the economic activity of the rural family whose employment and development is the primary objective. Policy directed at ensuring a flow of new field-tested technical knowledge relevant to small holder production is essential for rural development success. A strong commitment to rural development policies at the national level is necessary if the impact on the problems of rural poverty is to be effective and broad-based.

  14. Evaluating the rural health placements of the Rural Support Network ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-10-19

    Oct 19, 2011 ... Objectives: The Rural Support Network (RSN) is an undergraduate student society that aims to raise awareness among the .... social ... the depth of the problems associated with what we .... Improvements in planning (n = 7), advertising (n = 1) and ... of daily journals during the placements as reflective tools.

  15. 我国台湾地区社区营造政策及其启示%The Analysis Of Community Empowerment Policy In Taiwan, China And Its Implications On The Rural Planning And Construction Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婷婷; 麦贤敏; 周智翔

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, rural planning and construction in China has facing the problems of the loss of population, degradation of natural environment, lack of characteristic industry, declination of traditional culture, etc. To solve these problems, Taiwan has begun to promote the “Community Empowerment Movement” since the 1990s. It successfuly solved the above problems. Based on more than ten years’ practice, it accomplished the objects of establishing community consciousness, improving the living environment, forming community cultural characteristics. Urban and rural landscape has been improved greatly. This paper focuses on the background, process, policies and efects of this movement, especialy on the policy and institutional aspect. This paper also gives some suggestions on the planning and construction of rural area in mainland China. The experience of Taiwan can be for reference, such as improving infrastructures, encouraging local participation, strengthening education and promoting multilateral colaboration.%近年来,乡村人口流失、生态环境恶化、特色产业缺失、传统文化衰败及生活品质下降等成为我国大陆地区乡村规划建设中面临的严峻问题。我国台湾地区于20世纪90年代起开始推行的“社区总体营造计划”“新故乡营造计划”“健康社区六星计划”能较为成功地应对上述问题。研究对台湾地区社区营造的背景、目标及内涵进行了分析,重点解读了社区营造政策的演变历程,并结合白米社区和桃米社区的营造实践,提出大陆地区乡村规划建设应从完善基础设施建设、加强教育培训、鼓励公众参与和促进多方协作等方面借鉴台湾地区社区营造的政策经验。

  16. INNOVATION AND MECHANISM ESTABLISHMENT OF URBAN-RURAL PLANNING AT COUNTY LEVEL: A CASE STUDY OF FUYANG CITY IN ZHEJIANG PROVINCE%县(市)级城乡规划的改革创新与体系构建——以浙江省富阳市规划实践为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡海龙; 王波

    2011-01-01

    党的十七届三中全会指出要加快以县级为单元的城乡经济社会发展一体化制度建设.县(市)级城乡规划管理工作的改革,是促进城乡经济社会发展一体化建设的重要内容与载体.本文回顾与总结了富阳市近几年来围绕城乡发展面临的挑战与城乡规划管理中的突出问题,在科学发展观的指导下,结合县级行政管理体制改革,在规划理念、规划统筹机制,规划决策与审查机制、规划编制体系、规划参与机制、规划管理机制等城乡规划工作上的创新实践与体系构筑,为县(市)级城乡规划工作的改革提供相关经验借鉴.%This paper reviews and summarizes the challenges the urban-rural planning faced with and the issues in the urban-rural administration in Fuyang City in recent years. This paper introduces the urban-rural planning reform of Fuyang City which is guided by Scientific Development Concept. The reform involves the planning ideology, planning integration mechanism, decision-making and inspection, plan-making system, planning participation mechanism and administration and so on, which would provide references to the reform of urban-rural planning at county level.

  17. Three Plans Integration of Urban and Rural%“三规合一”背景下的城乡总体规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳更妍

    2015-01-01

    “Three Plans Integration” is an orientation of urban-ru-ral master plan innovation. The paper analyzes the problems of“three plans” disintegration, indicates the major problem in master plan compilation, raises three plans coordination suggestions in development vision, spatial platform, and institutional development, increases master plan feasibility through shared goal, multiple viewpoints, united examination, and provides a new concept for master plan compilation in the new era.%“三规合一”是当前城乡总体规划的创新方向。如何加强规划的统筹与管理,推动国民经济和社会发展规划、城乡总体规划和土地利用总体规划等规划的“多规合一”是当前规划业界所关注的焦点。结合城乡总体规划的发展趋势,探讨在“三规合一”的新背景下,城乡总体规划体系的适应与对策。

  18. 温室气体清单在城乡规划建设管理中的应用%APPLICATION OF GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORY TO URBAN AND RURAL PLANNING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶祖达

    2011-01-01

    城市温室气体清单是重要的,可以提供具体制定应对气候变化问题政策的客观科学基础.本文阐述城市编制温室气体排放清单的重要性,回顾目前在地方区域的温室气体排放清单研究工作,讨论它们对地方政府制定应对气候变化政策的应用局限.再指出可以按城乡规划管理体系为平台,把国家温室气体排放清单框架进一步深化,建立一个按低碳城市发展政策手段和治理职能匹配的清单框架,并考虑到空间边界对排放量计算的问题.城乡规划管理作为协调城市地域内经济、社会活动和土地、资源使用、基建等元素的法定平台,需要按规划编制温室气体排放情景,加强城乡规划应对气候变化政策效用和操作性.最后建议在此理念和初步研究成果上,进一步开展未来的工作.%Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventory analysis provides the crucial scientific basis to support the preparation of government policies on managing climate change. This article reviews the current studies on GHG inventory at local government levels in China and points out the short fall in translating these inventory data into specific local policies. It then examines the issue of setting up the greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory based on the urban and rural planning systems in China. The GHG inventory serves as the foundation to support city climate change policies and can be established as part of the statutory urban system plan and city master plan preparation processes. The GHG inventory system needs to be set up as an extension of the China's National GHG Inventory at local city level, but at the same time addresses the issue of spatial boundary in accounting for local emission sources and origins. Furthermore, the urban rural planning systems GHG inventory must directlyrelate to the various city low carbon policies and the local government administrative functions. The urban rural planning system is currently the

  19. Quantified Planning Procedure for Urban Green Space Expansion in Rural-Urban Fringes%定量化的城市绿地空间边缘扩展规划程序

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚兆先; 邓毅

    2012-01-01

    The expansion of urban spaces profoundly affects the pattern and functions of urban green space under extending of rural-urban fringes. The relevant planning should utilize all the feasible quantified means and understand exactly the features and requirements of the green space dynamics on fringes, to enhance more the validity of planning, optimize and improve continuously the patterns and functions of the green space of extended built-up areas. In this paper, the problems and requirements of extending the green space are analyzed, and the suitable planning procedure and available quantified assistant methods are put forward, to provide scientific basis and technical means for planning relevant to the expansion of the urban green space on fringes.%城市空间的扩展深刻影响城市绿地空间系统在边缘扩展中的格局与功能.相关规划应充分利用可行的定量方法,准确把握城乡边缘带绿地相关动态的特征与要求,以进一步增强规划的有效性,促进建成区绿地空间的持续优化与提升.本文剖析了城市绿地空间边缘扩展中的问题与需求,并提出规划导控的适宜程序及相应可行的定量辅助方法,以期为建成区绿地空间边缘扩展所涉相关规划提供科学依据和技术手段.

  20. What Is Rural?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of mind. For others, rural is an objective quantitative measure. The USDA , Economic Research Service, provides insight to rural definitions with an article, Defining the "Rural" in Rural America: The use ...

  1. Research on Exploration and Application of Rural Planning Data Value in Big Data Thoughts-Taking Villages Around Fanjing Mountainous Areas as Examples%大数据思维的乡村规划数据价值挖掘与应用研究--以环梵净山地区乡村为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张昕欣; 李京生

    2015-01-01

    Big data thoughts are beneif cial to guide the decision-making, explore the value of data and orient to efficient utilization, and the complexity of rural planning has the obvious characteristics of big data. Therefore, the utilization of big data thoughts for screening the massive amounts of rural planning data is of great signiif cance for the efif cient application of data value. The research applies big data thoughts into rural planning to solve the numerous data, demand diversiif cations of related interest groups, overall planning difif culties and other problems confronted by the rural planning work. This article also discusses the rural planning principles and methods in the big data thoughts, and explores in the practical work of rural planning around the Fanjing mountainous region through the location and subdivision analysis of value data extracted from the collection of essential data, hoping to make the exploration of data value helpful for the decision-making of planning.%大数据思维具有利于进行目标决策、挖掘数据价值的优势与以高效利用为导向的特点,而乡村规划的复杂性使其具有明显的大数据特征。因此,利用大数据思维对乡村规划的海量数据进行快速筛选,对于数据价值的高效应用有着重要的借鉴意义。研究将大数据思维引入乡村规划,用以解决乡村规划工作面临的数据庞杂、相关利益群体需求多样化和区域统筹困难等问题。探讨了大数据思维下乡村规划的原则与方法,并在环梵净山地区的乡村规划实践工作中进行摸索,从基础数据的采集、提取到价值数据的定位细分,旨在希望数据价值的挖掘可以辅助规划决策。

  2. Towards regional differentiation of rural development policy in the EU

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Terluin, I.J.; Venema, G.S.

    2003-01-01

    In this study a comparative analysis of the Rural Development Plans (RDPs) in four intermediate rural regions (Northern Netherlands, Lower Saxony, Wales and Emilia Romagna) and four most urban regions (Southern Netherlands, North Rhine-Westphalia, Flanders and Lombardia) is made. Such plans are

  3. [Environment and rural development].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dufumier, M

    1992-01-01

    Management of natural resources and preservation of ecological balance are perceived today as essential elements of rural development. The recently multiplying environmental ministries in developing countries are intended not only to correct the damages resulting from uncontrolled urbanization and industrialization, but to address ecosystemic degradation in the countryside. The aptitude demonstrated by numerous peasant societies for exploiting their environments over the long term while preserving their potential should be recognized and their specific, detailed knowledge incorporated into environmental protection projects. It is a mistake to conclude that peasants do not care about environmental problems; they often lack the resources to take needed action. Active participation of impoverished rural dwellers requires that measures taken do not reduce their incomes or resources in the short term. Rural development projects must assure protection of the environment while taking into account the interests of diverse categories of rural dwellers, such as farmers, herders, or wood cutters. There has been considerable progress in the past 2 decades in understanding the functioning of cultivated and pasture ecosystems and in developing techniques to limit damage to them. A vast effort is now needed to understand the economic, social, and cultural functions of customs and practices of different social groups involved in agricultural development and territorial management in order to prioritize problems and arrive at a consensus of all those affected concerning environmental protection. Social science research is needed into marketing of agricultural products, circulation of cooking fuels, village-town relations, and migration in order to determine the effects of these phenomena on management and conservation of natural resources in rural areas. Experimental research should be directed toward finding practical solutions to problems encountered by rural cultivators

  4. Marketing strategy determinants in rural hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, H L; Haley, D; Piland, N F

    1993-01-01

    Rural hospitals confront an inauspicious environment due to changes in patient reimbursement and medical practice. Facing a situation of declining revenues, marketing presents an option for rural hospitals to adapt to the growing constraints. This paper analyzes the determinants of marketing strategy emphasis in rural hospitals. The conceptual model adopted in this study predicts that prior performance and contextual variables explain marketing strategy emphasis. The relationships are examined in a case study of rural New Mexico hospitals. Results suggest that prior performance and several contextual variables explain variations in marketing strategy emphasis. In particular, higher gross patient revenues are associated with more emphasis on television and radio advertising. Furthermore, rural New Mexico hospitals with high numbers of licensed beds and medical staff members, or that are affiliated with a chain organization, place greater emphasis on market research and market planning. The implications for marketing practice in rural hospitals are discussed.

  5. Municipal service provision in rural communities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Helle

    Municipal service provision in rural communities  EU policies for rural development stress the importance of investments rather than subsidies and aim at integrating different sectoral policies in order to improve the coherence and effectiveness of public expenditure. Policies also emphasize...... a place-based approach for rural development and thereby setting a competitive framework for local development. Rural municipalities are challenged due to demographic changes and population decline and consequently need to adjust municipal services. In this respect it is stressed that service provision...... communities. The paper further discusses whether rural municipalities can plan strategically, manage service provision and support place bound potential in rural communities in light of a competitive framework for local development....

  6. Application Research of Geographical Big Data Application in Urban and Rural Planning%测绘地理大数据在城乡规划中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈良超; 孙开敏; 何兴富

    2015-01-01

    The development and progress of Geomatics has gradually results in geographical Big Data. Nevertheless, it is in urgent need of the reformation ranging from the big data acquiring and processing to application together with fur-ther breakthroughs to tap data’s potential value as the Big Data Time requires. Specifically,this could be shown in typi-cal practice application of urban and rural planning as innovative ideas and methods in geographical Big Data bring great changes in the practice of regional planning.%现代测绘地理科学技术的进步,使得测绘地理大数据逐步形成。如何深挖数据价值,适应大数据时代的需要,需要在测绘地理大数据获取、处理和应用阶段进一步突破和变革。本文通过测绘地理大数据服务城乡规划咨询、规划修编、规划审批、规划监察和规划评估阶段的典型应用实践,展现测绘地理大数据新思路、新方法给城乡规划工作带来的巨大变化。

  7. On Students' Nutrition Improvement Plan in Rural Compulsory Educational School%农村义务教育学生营养改善计划的研究分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨国华; 杨麟婷; 俞群俊

    2015-01-01

    The government prompts a plan about students' nutrition improvement in rural, which will play an important role in nutrition improvement and family stress reduction. But some problems are exposed in carrying out this plan. The article analyzes the implement situation and problems and gets some improvement advice in order to provide some reference for future research.%中央政府针对贫困地区农村义务教育学生制定营养改善计划。此项计划对于改善农村学生的营养状况和缓解家庭压力起到了很大的作用,但计划在实行中也暴露出了一些问题。本文通过个案对农村学生营养改善计划的具体实施情况及存在的问题进行研究,希望通过自己的分析找出改进建议,为学生营养改善计划更有效地实施提供参考。

  8. 城乡经济社会发展一体化规划的探索与思考——以海南实践为例%EXPLORATION AND REFLECTION ON THE PLANNING OF URBAN-RURAL ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT INTEGRATION: A CASE STUDY OF HAINAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保军; 赵群毅

    2012-01-01

    With Hainan as an example, this paper firstly researches the focuses, technical route, and approaches of integrated plan of urban-rural economic and social development. Then from the aspects of urban-rural integration mode, spatial organization of circle networking, establishment of living cirlce, combination of spatial policies and policies without spatial differences, it concludes the main innovative contents of the integrated planning of urban-rural economic and social development. Finally, based on the above practice and exploitation, theoretical enlightenment on urban-rural integration planning in the new era is put forward.%以海南的规划实践为例,探索了城乡经济社会发展一体化规划的内容重点、技术路线与方法.从城乡一体化的独特模式、圈层网络化的空间组织、生活圈的构建、无空间差别的政策与空间政策的结合等4个方面总结了海南城乡经济社会发展一体化规划的主要创新内容.最后,提出对新时期城乡一体化规划的理论启示.

  9. 景观设计在乡村旅游规划中的运用浅析——以广西巴马县盘阳河长寿养生休闲旅游开发为例%Application of Landscaping Design in Rural Tourism Planning --A Case Study of Leisure Tourism Development Planning (Focusing on Longevity & Health) in Panyang River, Bama County, Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦晓军

    2012-01-01

    Being a combination of rural resources and the tourism industry, rural tourism has been one of main trends in tourism development around the world because of the leisure and ecology characteris- tics, and plays a significant role in the tourism development of China. Under the environment of New Socialist Countryside Construction, rural tourism has been the most dynamic element in regional eco- nomic development. Role and related influence of landscaping design in rural tourism planning were discussed, with the case study of leisure tourism development planning (focusing on longevity & health) in Panyang river, Bama county of Guangxi.%乡村旅游作为乡村特有资源与旅游业有机融合的一种旅游业态,以其休闲、生态的特质,成为当今世界旅游业发展的潮流之一,在中国旅游业发展中起着重要作用。在新农村建设成效初显的环境下,乡村旅游是区域经济社会发展中最具活力的成份。以广西巴马盘阳河长寿养生休闲旅游开发规划为例,探讨景观设计在乡村旅游规划中的地位和作用。

  10. Chile rural electrification cooperation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flowers, L. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1997-12-01

    The author describes a joint program to use renewables for rural electrification projects in Chile. The initial focus was in a limited part of the country, involving wind mapping, pilot project planning, training, and development of methodologies for comparative evaluations of resources. To this point three wind hybrid systems have been installed in one region, as a part of the regional private utility, and three additional projects are being designed. Additional resource assessment and training is ongoing. The author points out the difficulties in working with utilities, the importance of signed documentation, and the need to look at these programs as long term because of the time involved in introducing such new technologies.

  11. Big Data Based Urban Rural Planning Decision Making Theory And Practice%大数据时代城乡规划决策理念及应用途径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴一洲; 陈前虎

    2014-01-01

    Big data has progressed from theory to practice in recent years. The character of big data and urban planning decision making are consistent. The big data development wil push urban planning decision making from empirical to rational development, and meanwhile meets the demand of public benefit value option and coordination. The paper concludes data platform, data visualization, model development, and scenario simulation of big data application in urban rural planning decision making.%近年来,“大数据”的概念从理论逐渐走向实践,大数据的特征和城乡规划决策的本质属性具有紧密的耦合性,大数据的逐步应用将推动城乡规划决策从“经验决策”走向“有限理性决策”,并满足城乡规划“公共利益”的价值观以及利益协调的需求。大数据在城乡规划决策中的应用途径十分广泛,研究着重归纳了数据整合平台建设、数据挖掘和可视化、模型开发探索和情景模拟优选四个应用方面。未来随着城乡规划决策支持数据的增加、数据处理技术和工具的进步,其应用领域必然会越来越广。

  12. 基于Cass和Sketchup的新农村建设规划及三维建模的实现——以江西省抚州市南城县下曹家为例%Based on Cass and Sketchup for New Rural Construction Planning and 3D Modeling --To Fuzhou City, Jiangxi Nancheng County Xia Caojia as An Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔红超; 吴良才

    2012-01-01

    This article describes using the cass to plan the new rural road traffic and sewerast, to plan the power and telecommunication fastly, accurately, and conveniently; while using sketchup to build a three-dimensional model for the new rural construction and reflects the planning of the scene vivid- ly, realistically, graphically, for future decision - making of the new rural construction planning pro- vides a complementary role.%介绍了利用Cass快速、准确、方便的进行新农村的道路交通与给排水管道规划、电力电讯规划等;同时利用Sketchup构建新农村建设规划后的三维模型,形象、生动、逼真地反映了规划后场景,为今后新农村建设规划的决策提供了辅助性的作用。

  13. Rural sociology in studying and encouraging the development of agriculture and rural areas in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana BARBIČ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article in the first part describes beginnings and development of rural sociological research and teaching rural sociology at the universities in Slovenia. In the second part, a working model of integrated approach towards rural development is presented, and, on the basis of Slovenian as well as international experiences some suggestions for promoting the development of (Slovenian agriculture and rural communities are specified. In the conclusion, the need for the interdisciplinary approach, especially greater consideration of social sciences in developmental planning is pointed out.

  14. 含分布式发电接入的农村电网多目标规划%Multi-objective planning of rural power network incorporating distributed generation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐巍; 薄博; 丛鹏伟; 吕涛

    2013-01-01

      分布式发电(distributed generation,DG)接入对农村电网损耗、电压及可靠性有很大影响,为了充分发挥DG接入的经济技术效益,提出了一种多目标分布式电源规划方法。该方法以设备投资成本、系统有功损耗、停电损失及购电费用4个指标最小为目标函数,利用判断矩阵获得各目标函数权重,通过加权将多目标优化转化成单目标优化问题,采用改进遗传算法实现了DG位置及容量的优化配置。为了避免因DG可选布点太多、导致算法计算速度慢的问题,根据配电网损耗、电压及可靠性指标改善效果,提出了一种实用的确定DG候选位置的方法。IEEE33节点系统仿真结果表明,本文提出的DG规划模型和求解方法能够有效提高农村电网的投资效益和性能指标。%Access of DG to rural power network is closely related to the power energy loss, voltage quality and reliability of rural power network. Therefore, the optimal allocation of DG has important significance for economic and safe operation of rural power grid. In order to make full use of DG,a multi-objective planning method of DG in rural power network is presented in this paper, which takes location and capacity of DG as decision variables, the minimums of the equipment investment cost, system power loss, interruption cost and power purchasing cost as objective functions, power flow balances as equality constraints, maximum line current, upper and lower limit of node voltage, and capacity and quantity limit of DG as inequality constraints. The four objectives are graded according to their importance. The power loss directly reflecting the system operation economy is taken as the first grade, the equipment investment cost reflecting the planning scheme economy as the second grade, the reliability reflecting system operation safety as the third grade, and power purchasing cost as the fourth grade. The judgment matrix can be

  15. 江西省农村计划生育适宜技术推广效果评价%Evaluation of promotion effectiveness of rural appropriate family planning technologies in Jiangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余超; 吴磊; 辛青; 高国兰; 张欣; 熊小玲

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To understand the evaluation of appropriate family planning technology services in rural areas of Jiaagxi.Methods: Stratified sampling method was used to survey the satisfaction of family planning technology services among the study objects from 5 demonstration counties in Jiangxi by a questionnaire.Results: 412 women were investigated, the average age was (29.71 ±6.17) years; the effective rates of " ozone gynecological healing"," subcutaneous implantation, placement of IUD, reducing vaginal bleeding after drug abortion" and" intrauterine contraception techniques" were all above 90%.The incidence of total adverse reactions was low (9.95% ).Most of the service objects were satisfied with the charge of technology services, accounting for 89.81%; the satisfaction rates of" ozone gynecological healing"," intrauterine contraception techniques"," subcutaneous implantation, placement of IUD, reducing vaginal bleeding after drug abortion" and" hydrotubation" were 100.00%, 95.48%, 85.31% and 74.29%, respectively.96.84% of the service objects would like to accept the appropriate family planning technique services.The service objects were satisfied with the four kinds of family planning technique services, the total satisfaction rate was 89.81%.Conclusion: The effects of the four kinds of family planning technique services according with the principles of safety, economy and high efficacy in rural areas of Jiangxi are good, and the adverse reactions are mild, which are easily accepted by the common people with high comprehensive satisfaction.%目的:了解江两省农村服务对象对计划生育(计生)适宜技术服务的评价.方法:采用分层抽样方法,对江西省5个示范县所抽对象进行计生适宜技术服务满意度问卷调查.结果:①共调查服务对象412例,均为女性,平均年龄为(29.71±6.17)岁;②"臭氧妇科治疗术"、"皮下埋植、放置IUD、药物流产术后减少阴道出血术"和"宫内节育

  16. Family Planning Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices among Married Men and Women in Rural Areas of Pakistan: Findings from a Qualitative Need Assessment Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghulam Mustafa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the findings of a qualitative assessment aimed at exploring knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding family planning and factors that influence the need for and use of modern contraceptives. A descriptive exploratory study was conducted with married women and men aged between 15 and 40. Overall, 24 focus group discussions were conducted with male and female participants in three provinces of Pakistan. The findings reveal that the majority knew about some modern contraceptive methods, but the overall contraceptive use was very low. Knowledge and use of any contraceptive method were particularly low. Reasons for not using family planning and modern contraception included incomplete family size, negative perceptions, in-laws’ disapproval, religious concerns, side-effects, and lack of access to quality services. The majority preferred private facilities over the government health facilities as the later were cited as derided. The study concluded the need for qualified female healthcare providers, especially for long term family planning services at health facilities instead of camps arranged occasionally. Addressing issues around access, affordability, availability, and sociocultural barriers about modern contraception as well as involving men will help to meet the needs and ensure that the women and couples fulfill their childbearing and reproductive health goals.

  17. Effect of medicare payment on rural health care systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBride, Timothy D; Mueller, Keith J

    2002-01-01

    Medicare payments constitute a significant share of patient-generated revenues for rural providers, more so than for urban providers. Therefore, Medicare payment policies influence the behavior of rural providers and determine their financial viability. Health services researchers need to contribute to the understanding of the implications of changes in fee-for-service payment policy, prospects for change because of the payment to Medicare+Choice risk plans, and implications for rural providers inherent in any restructuring of the Medicare program. This article outlines the basic policy choices, implications for rural providers and Medicare beneficiaries, impacts of existing research, and suggestions for further research. Topics for further research include implications of the Critical Access Hospital program, understanding how changes in payment to rural hospitals affect patient care, developing improved formulas for paying rural hospitals, determining the payment-to-cost ratio for physicians, measuring the impact of changes in the payment methodology used to pay for services delivered by rural health clinics and federally qualified health centers, accounting for the reasons for differences in historical Medicare expenditures across rural counties and between rural and urban counties, explicating all reasons for Medicare+Choice plans withdrawing from some rural areas and entering others, measuring the rural impact of proposals to add a prescription drug benefit to the Medicare program, and measuring the impact of Medicare payment policies on rural economies.

  18. The Issues Facing the Sustainable Development of Rural Tourism and the Path Selection

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Jianhong

    2013-01-01

    There is a long way to go for sustainable development of rural tourism. It is necessary to strengthen the planning for training rural tourism talents, and establish sustainable reserve tourism service personnel; innovate upon the promotion mode of rural tourism and open the tourist source market; strengthen the building of characteristic brand of rural tourism, and create sustainable development core of tourism; give play to the role of government in guiding rural tourism, strengthen the opti...

  19. 文化传承视角下的乡村旅游特色塑造研究——以空港新城庙店优美小镇规划为例%The Analysis of Rural Tourism Characteristics Shape in the Perspective of Cultural Inheritance: A Case Study on Miaodian Beautiful Small Town Planning, Airport City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段亚琼; 侯全华

    2013-01-01

    针对我国乡村旅游特色塑造存在的问题,以西咸新区空港新城庙店优美小镇规划为例,从文化传承的视角下探索了乡村旅游存在的文化资源,并将其重点从建立特色的总体空间布局、策划特色感知的旅游项目、营造特色的实体景观环境三个方面融入到乡村旅游的特色塑造中,从而提供了一种乡村旅游特色塑造与文化传承相结合的思维方法.%Aiming at the characteristics of rural tourism shaping problems of Miaodian beautiful small town in airport city planning as an example,from the perspective of cultural inheritance to explore the existing rural tourism culture resources,and the paper focuses on three aspects such as building characteristics of the overall layout,planning characteristics perception of tourism projects,construction characteristics of the entity landscape environment into the characteristics of rural tourism in shape,so as to provide a kind of the combination of thinking method of rural tourism and cultural inheritance shape features.

  20. Research Under The New Development Trend Of Urbanization Of Rural Landscape Planning Elements--Example For Part Of The Country In Jiang Su Province Area%新型城镇化发展趋势下乡村景观规划的构成要素研究--以江苏省地区部分乡村为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋德平; 周信涛

    2016-01-01

    The traditional rural landscape environment has the beauty of nature, New type as the current trend of the development of countryside urbanization intervention in rural landscape planning in rough way, Natural environment, regional culture and landscape features promote to the benign development of the rural landscape, These three aspects is also inherited the traditional culture and development of rural landscape planning regional industry which plays an important role in promoting the economy, upgrade the quality of life of the vilagers.%传统的乡村景观环境有自然之美。新型城镇化虽然是当前乡村的发展趋势,但不应以粗暴的方式干预乡村景观环境规划,应从自然环境、地域文化以及景观聚落形态三个方面促进乡村景观良性发展。这三个方面也是乡村景观规划的继承传统文化、发展区域产业经济、提升村民生活品质的重要保障。

  1. Micro-regional planning: evidence-based community buy-in for health development in five of Mexico’s poorest rural districts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arrizón Ascencio

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Community participation was a core tenet of Primary Health Care as articulated in the 1970s. How this could be generated and maintained was less clear. This historical article describes development of protocols for evidence-based community mobilisation in five local administrative units (municipios in the Mexican state of Guerrero between 1992 and 1995. Methods A sample of five to eight sentinel sites represented each of the most impoverished municipalities of the poorest five of the state's seven regions. A 1992 baseline survey of diarrhoea and its actionable determinants provided the substrate for discussion with local planners and communities. Municipal planners used different strategies to promote participation. In one municipality, new health committees took control of water quality. In another, municipal authorities hired health promoters; a song promoted oral rehydration, and house-to-house interpersonal discussions promoted chlorination. In the poorest and most mountainous municipality, radio casera (home-made radio soap operas used local "stars". In the largest and most disparate municipality, a child-to-family scheme relied on primary and secondary school teachers. The research team assessed outcomes at intervals and used the results to reinforce local planning and action. Results Diarrhoea rates declined in all five municipalities, and there were several positive intermediate outcomes from the communication strategies – changing knowledge, household practices and uptake of services. There was a strong link between specific contents of the communication package and the changing knowledge or practices. Conclusions Apart from these evidence-based interventions, other factors probably contributed to the decline of childhood diarrhoea. But, by monitoring implementation of planning decisions and the impact this has at community level, micro-regional planning can stimulate and reinforce actions likely to improve the

  2. The First Rural Directional Medical Students' Career Planning Survey and Analysis%首届农村订单定向医学生职业规划调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘霞; 姜润生; 周梅; 刘杰; 冯泽立; 赵俊宇

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解农村订单定向医学生(又称“免费医学生”)的职业规划现状,分析存在的问题,为更好的开展免费医学生培养提出合理的建议.方法 对100名免费医学生进行问卷调查和对20名学生进行个人深入访谈.结果 免费医学生选择该专业的主要原因是经济和就业原因,分别占39%和30%;免费医学生没有明确的学习目标;79%的调查对象没有明确的职业规划;且长期、终身从事基层卫生服务的观念淡薄.结论 建议政府、学校、用人单位、社会等多方面共同努力,引导免费医学生树立正确的职业规划.%Objective To investigate the career planning situation of village-oriented medical students (also named as " tuition-free medical students" ) , analyze the existing problems, and provide some reasonable suggestions on village-oriented medical students' education. Method 100 village-oriented medical students were investigated by questionnaires and 20 students were given in-depth individual interview to learn their career planning. Results The primary reasons that contribute to their choice of profession are financial conditions and employment, which accounts for 39% and 30%, respectively. Meanwhile, these students have uncertain study goals, and up to 79% students do not have clear career plans, let alone their weak sense of long-term or life-long services in primary medical care. Conclusion The government, medical school, rural health hospitals and society should cooperate to guide the village-oriented medical students to establish positive career planning.

  3. Rural Health Information Hub

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... issues that impact rural health in RHIhub’s Topic Guides. Recently updated: Social Determinants of Health for Rural People Browse all 50+ topics Community Health Gateway Find rural project examples in Rural Health Models and Innovations and proven strategies for strong rural programs with ...

  4. Transition from the Lactational Amenorrhea Method to other modern family planning methods in rural Bangladesh: barrier analysis and implications for behavior change communication program intervention design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouyaté, Robin Anthony; Ahmed, Salahuddin; Haver, Jaime; McKaig, Catharine; Akter, Nargis; Nash-Mercado, Angela; Baqui, Abdullah

    2015-06-01

    The timely transition from Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM)(2) to another modern family planning method contributes to healthy spacing of pregnancies by increasing the adoption of family planning during the first year postpartum. Yet, literature suggests challenges in completing a timely LAM transition. To guide program implementation in Bangladesh, this study identified factors influencing women's transition decisions. Eighty postpartum women, comprising 40 who transitioned from LAM(3) and 40 who did not,(4) participated. Half of each group participated in in-depth interviews to explore the decision-making process. All participants responded to a "Barrier Analysis" questionnaire to identify differences in eight behavioral determinants. More than half of transitioners switched to another modern method before or within the same month that LAM ended. Of the 18 transitioners who delayed,(5) 15 waited for menses to return. For non-transitioners, key barriers included waiting for menses to return, misconceptions on return to fertility, and perceived lack of familial support. The LAM transition can help women prevent unintended pregnancy during the first year postpartum. Increased emphasis on counseling women about the risk of pregnancy, and misconceptions about personal fertility patterns are critical for facilitating the transition. Strategies should also include interventions that train health workers and improve social support. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  5. Benefits of using biogas technology in rural area: karo district on supporting local action plan for greenhouse gas emission reduction of north sumatera province 2010-2020

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginting, N.

    2017-05-01

    Indonesia committed to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) by 26% in 2020. At the UNFCCC (Conference of the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change) held in Paris in December 2015 Indonesia committed to reduce GHG; one way by promoting clean energy use for example biogas. Agricultural industry produces organic waste which contributes to global warming and climate change. In Karo District, mostly the people were farmers, either horticulture or fruit and produces massive organic waste. Biogas research was conducted in Karo District in May until July 2016 used 5 biodigesters. The purpose was to determine benefits of using biogas technology in order to reduct GHG emissions. The used design was Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with treatments: T1 (100% cow feces), T2 (75% cow feces + 25% horticultural waste), T3 (50% cow feces + 50% horticultural waste), T4 (25% cow feces + 75% horticultural waste) and T5 (100% horticultural waste). Parameter research were gas production, pH and temperature. The research result showed that T1 produced the highest methane ( Pbiogas on agricultural waste supported local action plan for greenhouse gas emission reduction of North Sumatera Province 2010-2020. From horticultural waste, there were 2.1 × 106 ton CO2 eq in 2014 which were not calculated in RAD GRK (Regional Action Plan for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction).

  6. A STUDY OF AWARENESS AND ATTITUDE OF POSTNATAL AND POST ABORTAL WOMEN TOWARDS FAMILY PLANNING METHODS AND THEIR USE, AT RURAL TERTIARY CARE CENTRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kshama

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In developing countries, 55 million unintended pregnancies occur every year to women not using contraceptive method; another 25 million occur as a result of incorrect or inconsistent use of contraceptives. Family planning programme have met with only marginal success, because people of India have different demographic profile. OBJECTIVE: To study KAP regarding various contraceptive methods and factors affecting its use. DESIGN: Observational, Cross sectional study. SETTING: S.S. Medical College & Associated G.M. Hospital, Rewa. PARTICIPANTS: 500 women of age 15 to 45 years. METHODS: Women were interviewed using pre-structured questionnaire, counseled regarding correct usage and explained the truth and myths to correct their attitude. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Univariate and bivariate analysis was done using chi-square test and percentage by SPSS20.RESULTS: Knowledge of contraception was maximum for sterilization 99%, abstinence 98%, barrier 97.4%; and less for OCPs, safe period and LAM. Para1 and 2 had better knowledge of OCPs, IUCDs and DMPA than multipara who know more about permanent methods(100%. 54.4% obtained information from mass media. 68% obtained family planning services from government facility. Majority (60.8% had positive attitude. 22.4% women discussed contraception with their husband. 55.6% women used some method of contraception, barrier (66.1% being most common. 71.8% women had myths or other barriers to use contraceptives.

  7. Transformation of Urban Planning:Thoughts on Incremental Planning,Stock-Based Planning,and Reduction Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen; Hongsheng; Wang; Xingping; Guo; Zijian

    2016-01-01

    According to the current context of China’s new urbanization and urban and rural transformation,this paper defines incremental planning,stock-based planning,and reduction planning.It further discusses the socio-economic foundation of incremental planning,the transformation of incremental planning to stock-based planning,and the emergence of reduction planning,as well as the characteristics of these three types of urban planning.Based on that,it finds that incremental planning is determined by China’s unique urban growth pattern,and that the change of the urban growth mode leads to a transformation of urban planning.In addition,reduction planning can effectively cope with urban decline.After over 30 years of rapid economic development,more and more cities in China are approaching the bottleneck of growth.Therefore,the transformation of urban planning is unavoidable and will definitely become an important topic in planning circles.

  8. FUNCTIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF RURAL ROADS IN SERBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihailo Maletin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to revise the existing classification of rural roads in Serbia, which is rather old and defined on administrative criteria, the research developed a proposal for functional classification and categorization of primary rural roads. This resulted in four classes of rural roads based on their basic function and, with the introduction of five spatial accessibility levels, road classes are subdivided in eight road types. Based on the Serbia State Spatial Plan data, centers of gravitation together with border crossings are classified in four categories and desire lines of major transport function levels are defined. Based on this information and traffic count data the proposal of new primary rural road network in Serbia reduces the total length of the existing one with approximately the same overall accessibility level. Proposed categorization of rural roads as primary, regional and local ones is founded on functional classification and coincides with reorganization of governmental structure in Serbia.

  9. The potentials for creating sustainable rural tourism in Bačka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stankov Uglješa

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Average rural household in Bačka mostly depend on agricultural activities. Modern society changes, especially changes in agriculture production imply need for diversification of business activities. Rural tourism can be important part of rural economy for some villages in Bačka. Fertile plain, Danube, Tisa and other smaller rivers, animals and games represent base of natural tourist attractions of rural tourism. However, main competitive advantages of Bačka are anthropogenic values. Traditional pannonian houses, baroques churches, numerous rural festivities, and "melting point" of different nationalities make good base for rural tourism development. Different combinations of rural attractions create several tourist experiences of this region: authentic tourist experience at "szalashes", particular tourist experience in villages, intensive tourist experience of rural events and manifestations, not authentic tourist experiences of pseudo rural attractions and complex tourist experience in rural areas. Regarding to emitive centers of rural tourist demand can be specified tree regions for development of rural tourism - region of Novi Sad, Subotica, and Sombor. Rural tourism can make a valuable contribution to rural economies, job creation, landscape conservation, retention of rural population, support to rural culture and tradition, nature conservation and other. At the same time, rural tourism is facing various limitations. With in this context, rural tourism planning has to include principles of sustainable development.

  10. Regulatory Plan for Urban Rural Integration: Chongqing Geleshan Town Example%控制性详细规划层面下的城乡统筹规划编制方法探索——以重庆市“四山”管制区歌乐山镇控制性详细规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春艳; 张敏; 谭龙生

    2011-01-01

    With fast social and economic development, human activities have posed enormous threat to "four mountains" ecological area in Chongqing. Geleshan town regulatory plan uses urban rural integration concepts, makes scientific plans, studies plan compilation in urban rural land use, spatial layout, ecological environment preservation, plan compilation and implementation, and guarantees integrate development for the planned area.%近年来,随着社会经济快速发展,人为活动加剧,对重庆市“四山”地区的生态环境带来了前所未有的威胁和破坏.重庆市“四山”管制区歌乐山镇控制性详细规划运用城乡统筹的思想,大胆创新,科学规划,从城乡用地功能、用地空间布局、生态环境保护、规划编制与实施等方面对规划编制方法进行探索,有效保证了规划区的城乡统筹发展.

  11. Rural Electrification in China: History and Institution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wuyuan Peng; Jiahua Pan

    2006-01-01

    China has been highly successful in electrifying rural areas in the past half century.Institutional structure and its reform are important for investment and, therefore,development of rural electrification. Over time, there have been three major institutional changes initiated by the central government; When the People's Republic was founded in 1949, it was short of capital, technology and management professionals to promote rural electrification, so rural electricity had a separate administrative system from the urban areas. From 1949 to 1977, China established a comprehensive vertical system of rural electricity administration under strict central planning. At the end of the 1970s, with the adoption of economic reform policy, the central government handed over the management of the local electricity system to local government. County levelhas proved the most effective implementation unit for both planning and project implementation of the rural electricity system. From 1998 to 2002, the central government has been separating local electricity supply from local governments to facilitate the commercial operation of the utility market.After 2002, the rural electricity system was merged with the urban system, forming an integrated national electricity administrative system in China.

  12. The Issues Facing the Sustainable Development of Rural Tourism and the Path Selection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianhong; ZHANG

    2013-01-01

    There is a long way to go for sustainable development of rural tourism.It is necessary to strengthen the planning for training rural tourism talents,and establish sustainable reserve tourism service personnel;innovate upon the promotion mode of rural tourism and open the tourist source market;strengthen the building of characteristic brand of rural tourism,and create sustainable development core of tourism;give play to the role of government in guiding rural tourism,strengthen the optimization of management of rural tourism market environment,and enhance the rural tourism safety;expand the rural tourism industry chain,and strengthen the management planning of sales market of rural tourism product.

  13. 城乡统筹背景下小城镇总体规划编制方法探析——以河北省唐山市丰南区黄各庄镇为例%EXPLORATION OF SMALL TOWN MASTER PLAN METHOD UNDER THE BACKGROUND OF URBAN-RURAL INTEGRATION: A CASE STUDY OF HUANGGEZHUANG TOWN OF TANGSHAN CITY, HEBEI PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭健

    2011-01-01

    With the development of new socialist countryside and the promulgation of "Urban- Rural Planning Act of the People's Republic of China" and "the Standards for Town Planning", the town planning and urban-rural integrated planning become hot issues. With Huanggezhuang town as an example, this paper makes a pragmatic and creative exploration on the small town planning method based on the summary of conventional town master planning methods, and the change in the contents and formulation ideology of small town planning under the background of urban-rural integration.%随着社会主义新农村建设的全面展开和《中华人民共和国城乡规划法》、《镇规划标准》的颁行,建制镇规划以及城乡规划的统筹与衔接成为研究的热点.本文以黄各庄镇总体规划为例,在反思传统小城镇总体规划编制方法的基础上,结合城乡统筹背景下小城镇总体规划编制理念和内容的转变,对小城镇规划编制方法进行了探索.

  14. Planning on Water Resources Protection of Centralized Drinking Water Source in Rural Area-- A Case Study of Tongliang County of Chongqing City%农村集中式饮用水水源地水资源保护规划——以重庆市铜梁县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯新

    2012-01-01

    根据铜梁县境内农村集中式饮用水水源地调查,对农村水源地水资源现状进行分析和评价,划分水源地保护区,提出农村饮用水源地水资源工程保护措施,建立水质监控体系和制定综合管理措施。通过编制农村饮用水源地水资源保护规划,以加强对农村饮用水源地水资源的保护,保障农村饮水安全,使之与农村社会和经济发展规划相协调,促进社会经济可持续发展。%Based on the survey of centralized drinking water source in rural area in Tongliang county, the current situation of water resources in rural area has been analyzed and evaluated to divide the water resources protection areas, the protection measures for drinking water resources projects in rural area are proposed, and the water quality monitoring system and formulate comprehensive management solutions are established. Through formulating the drinking water source protection planning in rural area, the water source protection will be strengthened, and the drinking water security will be guaranteed, which will be significant to match the social and economic development planning in rural area and promote the sustainable development of the whole society.

  15. Rural health care in Mexico?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cañedo, L

    1974-09-27

    A very large percentage of Mexico's population living in rural areas lacks resources for health care. Any new effort to provide such care must emphasize the health of the infant population because of the high percentage of infants in the country. Plans made at the national level have not been correlated with the conditions that exist in rural areas. For example, the majority of university programs are oriented toward urban medical practice, and the construction of more schools of medicine to solve the problem of doctors in rural areas is based on a mistaken premise. This problem has not been solved even in developed countries such as the United States where, as in Mexico, graduates in medicine migrate to the cities where optimal conditions are met for practicing the type of medicine for which they have been trained. Furthermore, it is both expensive and illogical to maintain urban doctors in rural areas where they cannot practice their profession for lack of resources; to do so is to deny the purpose of their education (27). Conventional schools of medicine, for reasons of investment and of structure, should teach only very selected groups of students who, on finishing their training, are fully capacitated to practice specialized medicine. A different system is required if we are to provide adequate health care in the rural communities. A system such as that described herein, adapted to the real need of rural communities, would avoid the necessity to create dysfunctional bureaucracies and would not destroy those institutions which have proved useful in the past. This study should be considered as one of the many pilot programs that should be initiated in order to determine the type of program that would best solve the problem of health care in rural Mexico. Other programs already being considered at the National Autonomous University of Mexico include the A36 plan of the Faculty of Medicine, now in operation; the work of C. Biro carried out in Netzahualcoyotl City

  16. Rural development policy: A perspective of local actors in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Papić Ružica

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Key challenge in transitional countries is effective decentralized local governance with strong capacities for dealing with new rural development programming instruments. In this paper we have examined the attitudes of local rural development actors (RDA in Serbia on rural development policy priorities, in particular their attitudes on beneficiaries of rural development measures, policy objectives, and the most efficient strategies of rural development. We also analysed whether the respondents' attitudes differ depending on the socio-economic characteristic of surveyed regions (South and North of Serbia. Data on attitudes of RDAs were collected through direct survey with representatives of 30 rural communities, and analysed using descriptive statistics methods and Ajzen's theory of planned behaviour. Results indicate that respondents' attitudes on rural policy are conservative and oriented towards objectives related to agriculture and interests of farmers and that socio-economic characteristic of the regions contribute to distinction in attitudes of RDAs.

  17. Gender mainstraming in the Bangladesh Rural Electrification Board

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Clancy, Joy; Ekram, Lailun Nahar; Halim, Sadeka; Mhatab, Nazmunnessa

    2004-01-01

    A Gender Equity Strategy and Action Plan has been integrated into the Bangladesh Rural Electrification Board’s Master Plan. Implementation of this plan will be the first gender mainstreaming exercise in the energy sector in Bangladesh, and possibly in the world.

  18. RURAL ZONING--PEOPLE, PROPERTY, AND PUBLIC POLICY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    BLOCK, WILLIAM J.

    WHILE COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING IS MANDATORY PRIOR TO PASSAGE OF ANY ZONING ORDINANCES, ZONING IN RURAL AREAS IS RELATIVELY NEW. ALTHOUGH MANY CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES ARISE DURING PLANNING, THE FACT REMAINS THAT THE BENEFITS ARE GREATER WHEN ZONING IS PROPERLY PLANNED AND EXECUTED. PROPERTY OWNERS OBJECT IN MANY INSTANCES TO PROBLEMS THAT MAY ARISE,…

  19. Gender mainstraming in the Bangladesh Rural Electrification Board

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Clancy, Joy S.; Ekram, Lailun Nahar; Halim, Sadeka; Mhatab, Nazmunnessa

    2004-01-01

    A Gender Equity Strategy and Action Plan has been integrated into the Bangladesh Rural Electrification Board’s Master Plan. Implementation of this plan will be the first gender mainstreaming exercise in the energy sector in Bangladesh, and possibly in the world.

  20. 城乡空间统筹在县城总体规划中的实践——以米脂县城总体规划为例%PRACTICES OF URBAN-RURAL SPATIAL INTEGRATION IN MASTER PLAN OF COUNTY SEAT: A CASE STUDY OF COUNTY SEAT OF MIZHI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李肇娥; 赵海春; 李铜英

    2009-01-01

    以米脂县城总体规划为例,探讨总体规划阶段在空间布局上落实城乡统筹的措施和方法,提出城乡统筹的实现在县域重点是产业落地和基础设施均衡布局,在县城则是扩大规划区范围,实现规划区用地的规划全覆盖;对涉及公共利益的社会服务设施、生态建设等用地予以重点保证.%With the county seat master plan of Mizhi as an example, this paper examines the measures and methods of spatial integration of urban-rural development in master plan. To integrate the urban-rural development, it argues that it is important to reasonably lay out the industries and infrastruc ture in the administrative region of the county and to make land use plan in all planning areas of county seat. And it suggests that the supply of land for public facilities and ecological use should be given priority.

  1. The Rural Development Dilemma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Louis E.

    1991-01-01

    Progress toward rural development has been hampered by flawed views of rural America; serious limitations to existing social and economic data on sparsely populated areas; treatment of rural America as a geographical entity unconnected to the larger U.S. economy and society; perceived lack of feasible political solution to rural problems; and…

  2. Rural-Urban Connections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perkins, Daniel F.; LaGreca, Anthony J.; Mullis, Ronald L.

    This publication combines three papers on rural and urban youth issues. "Key Issues Facing Rural Youth" (Daniel F. Perkins) notes that rural adolescents share the same concerns and exhibit the same problem behaviors as their urban counterparts. But in addition, geographic isolation presents problems unique to rural areas. A framework is proposed…

  3. Rural Migrant Worker Citizenry Policy Evolution And Urban Public Service Planning%我国农民工市民化政策演变及城市公共服务设施规划建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐勤贤

    2015-01-01

    Since reform and opening up, rural migrant workers have made great contributions to urban socio-economic development. Relevant policies and service for migrant workers have become a focus issue in many cities. The citizenry transition of migrant workers is a major mission for different level governments. The paper reviews migrant worker background and policy, analyzes present situation and development trend, indicates the problems of citizenry transition, and puts forward public service facilities planning suggestions.%改革开放以来,农民工对经济社会发展和城市面貌的改变做出了巨大贡献,但是农民工在务工地难以享受与城镇居民同等的公共服务也已成为社会关注的焦点问题。在当前新型城镇化建设的背景下,加快推进农民工市民化已成为各级政府工作的重要任务。研究在梳理农民工产生的历史背景及农民工市民化政策的基础上,分析了农民工的现状特征、变化趋势,阐明了当前推进农民工市民化面临的问题,并提出了促进农民工市民化的城市公共服务设施规划等方面的政策建议。

  4. 西北台塬人居环境城乡统筹空间规划研究——以宝鸡市高新区为例%STUDY ON INTEGRATED URBAN-RURAL SPATIAL PLANNING OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS IN NORTHWEST TABLELAND:A CASE STUDY ON HI-TECH DEVELOPMENT ZONE OF BAOJI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵万民; 史靖塬; 黄勇

    2012-01-01

    Based on the theory of Sciences of Human Settlements, this article discusses on major problems of High-tech Demonstration Zone of integrated urban-rural development in Baoji City, Shaanxi Province. It introduces the integral development strategy of "clarifying planning terms, restructuring spatial layout, defining compilation hierarchy," as well as the theoretical study on integrated urban-rural spatial planning mode with comprehensive economic, ecological and social development, and finally explores the integrated modular design method for rural community spaces.%基于人居环境科学理论背景,聚焦陕西省宝鸡市高新区城乡统筹发展示范区主要问题,介绍了“明确规划时序、重塑空间结构、界定编制层级”的时空统筹战略;阐述“经济-生态-社会”三位一体下的城乡统筹空间规划模式理论研究;并进一步探索人居环境科学实践论指导下的农村社区空间统筹模块化设计方法.

  5. 77 FR 36001 - Draft Report Assessing Rural Water Activities and Related Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    ... Bureau of Reclamation Draft Report Assessing Rural Water Activities and Related Programs AGENCY: Bureau of Reclamation, Interior. ACTION: Notice of availability. SUMMARY: The draft Rural Water Assessment Report reviews the status of the Bureau of Reclamation's rural potable water projects and its plan for...

  6. Thoughts and Proposals on Equity of China’s Rural Compulsory Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Aiwu; XIAO

    2013-01-01

    Based on the requirement of improving rural compulsory education quality and balancing education development proposed in "the twelfth five-year" plan,difference in compulsory education between urban and rural areas in China is analyzed.Fairness of rural compulsory education is taken into consideration and the corresponding countermeasures are suggested.

  7. Using the "Rural Atelier" as an Educational Method in Landscape Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meijles, Erik; Van Hoven, Bettina

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on experiences from a project conducted in the "Drentsche Aa" area in the Netherlands, this article discusses the concept of the "rural atelier" as a form of problem-based learning. The rural atelier principle was used originally in rural development planning and described as such by Foorthuis (2005) and Elerie and…

  8. Using the Rural Atelier as an Educational Method in Landscape Studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijles, Erik; Van Hoven, Bettina

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on experiences from a project conducted in the 'Drentsche Aa' area in the Netherlands, this article discusses the concept of the 'rural atelier' as a form of problem-based learning. The rural atelier principle was used originally in rural development planning and described as such by

  9. Using the Rural Atelier as an Educational Method in Landscape Studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijles, Erik; Van Hoven, Bettina

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on experiences from a project conducted in the 'Drentsche Aa' area in the Netherlands, this article discusses the concept of the 'rural atelier' as a form of problem-based learning. The rural atelier principle was used originally in rural development planning and described as such by Foorthu

  10. 76 FR 9588 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-18

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program...) for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program. This announcement contains the names of the.... Williams, PhD, Director, Office of Rural Housing and Economic Development, Office of Community Planning...

  11. 统筹城乡背景下我国社会保障制度公平与效率问题研究%Research on Equity and Efficiency of China' s Social Security System under Overall Planning of the Urban and Rural

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵永红

    2011-01-01

    首先探讨了社会保障的公平与效率之争,然后介绍了我国社会保障制度中存在的不公平问题,重点指出农村、农民工群体社会保障制度的不公平问题,最后提出统筹城乡背景下我国社会保障制度的改革对策.%The dispute between equity and efficiency of social security was discussed, and the inequities in China' s social security system were introduced. It highlighted the inequities in the rural areas and migrant workers social security system. Finally, the countermeasures of China' s social security reform under overall planning of the urban and rural were put forward.

  12. Linking human and natural systems in the planning process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susan I. Stewart; Miranda H. Mockrin; Roger B. Hammer

    2012-01-01

    Planning links human and natural systems in the urban-rural interface by engaging people in consideration of the future of natural resources. We review evolving ideas about what planning entails, who it involves, and what its outcomes should be. Sense of place, collaboration, emergent planning, and other new developments in planning are discussed. Smaller plans,...

  13. Internet plan and planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kahriman Emina

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Paper discuss specific features of internet plan as well as planning as management process in general in the contemporary environment. No need to stress out that marketing plan and marketing planning is core activity in approaching to market. At the same time, there are a lot specific c request in preparing marketing plan comparing to business planning due to marketing plan is an essential part. The importance of internet plan and planning rely on specific features of the internet network but as a part of general corporate as well as marketing strategy.

  14. 关于“豫东地区劳动力外流对农村居民点规划的影响”的调查报告%A Research Report on How the Labour Force's Output in the east of Henan Province Influences the Rural Construction Plan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭春雨; 叶青

    2012-01-01

    Labour foree is the most important essential productive factors of small -peasant economy, so its output will undoubtedly change the rural original situation, one of which is the ehange of the rural dwelling formation. First, the large amount of nlral labour force's output resulted in the loss of farming soil erosion around rural dwelling; what's more, this output has brought difficulties in popularizing agricultural technique, all which will directly or indirectly influence the rural construction plan. Second, because of the abliormal structure on gender, age and educational background, the output of labour force makes the rural basic facilities improved gradually. Third, the output of large amount of labour force has increased peasants'income, therefore they begin to rebuild their houses extensively and blindly without any plan, which makes the rural dwelling scattered and disengaged.%作为小农经济最重要的生产要素——劳动力,它的流失毫无疑问会从各个方面改变农村的原始状态,其中最直观的便是农村居民点形态上的变迁。首先,劳动力的大规模外流导致农村居民点周围农耕用地的流失,并且影响到了农业技术的推广、种植结构、商品购买力的变化,而这些方面义直接或首间接地影响到了农村居民点的规划。其次,劳动力在性别、年龄、文化程度等结构上的畸形外流,促使农村居民点内的攮础设施不断得到完善。再次,大量劳动力输出增加了农民的收入,农民用挣来的钱白忙的、毫无规划地”大兴土术”,造成农村居民点规模的扩大和闲散布局。

  15. Problems and Recommendations for Rural Statistics and Survey Methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chengjun; ZHANG

    2014-01-01

    With constant deepening of the reform and opening-up,national economic system has changed from planned economy to market economy,and rural survey and statistics remain in a difficult transition period. In this period,China needs transforming original statistical mode according to market economic system. All levels of government should report and submit a lot and increasing statistical information. Besides,in this period,townships,villages and counties are faced with old and new conflicts. These conflicts perplex implementation of rural statistics and survey and development of rural statistical undertaking,and also cause researches and thinking of reform of rural statistical and survey methods.

  16. Rural Entrepreneurship or Entrepreneurship in the Rural

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Steffen; Müller, Sabine; Tanvig, Hanne Wittorff

    2015-01-01

    ” and “space” from human geography are applied to develop a nuanced understanding of rural entrepreneurship as a spatial phenomenon. Space consists of processes of movement and mobility, while places consist of localized material, social and economic relations. Findings: Two ideal types are developed, namely......Purpose: This article investigates how rural entrepreneurship engages with place and space. It explores the concept of “rural” in rural enterprise, and illustrates the importance of distinguishing between types of rural entrepreneurship. Design/methodology/approach: The constructs of “place...... (i) entrepreneurship in the rural and (ii) rural entrepreneurship. The former represents entrepreneurial activities that have limited embeddedness and enact a profit-oriented and mobile logic of space. The latter represents entrepreneurial activities that leverage local resources to re-connect place...

  17. Comparison of Integrated Urban-Rural Development between Chongqing and Chengdu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of review of integrated urban and rural development process in Chengdu and Chongqing, we summed up experience of reform and compared the practice in these two regions. Results show that both regions have opened free flow of rural and urban factors, made detailed and scientific planning of integrated urban and rural development, and carried out exploration in equalization of urban and rural public service.

  18. Economic Development Capacity amongst Small Rural Communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keane, Michael J.

    1990-01-01

    Examines indigenous capacity for local community development. Examines new economic development initiatives by communities, nature of relationships between local and larger economies, and how relationships affect local capacity for new economic activities. Discusses benefits of spatial framework in rural development and planning. (TES)

  19. Evaluating Housing Problems through Participatory Rural Appraisal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    planned for the people in order to solve the housing problems within the ... way of learning relatively quickly, by both insiders and outsiders about the ... Action, Participatory Rural Appraisal involves interaction between the ... (3). Force Field Analysis - This is a technique, to visually identify and analyse forces affecting a ...

  20. Rural Entrepreneurship Policy in Estonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maret Kirsipuu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to provide an overview of the entrepreneurship policies targeted at rural areas and family undertakings. Agricultural undertakings, especially cattle breeders, have been almost ignored in the development of Estonia’s entrepreneurship policies. Various action plans have been devised for the development of rural living environments. Unfortunately none of them supports cattle breeding. The author obtained the data used in this research from the databases of Estonian Animal Recording Centre, Estonian Agricultural Register and from questionnaires. The author conducted interviews with beef cattle breeders doing performance testing and with parish authorities. Family enterprises are extremely vulnerable; their reserves for surviving critical periods are small or nearly nonexistent. They often depend only on one area of activity. In the current economic situation owners of family enterprises need to pay particular attention to strategic management, so as to survive in difficult situations. They must take right decisions and start looking for challenges.

  1. Office of Rural Health Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Information Hub Rural Health Research Gateway Rural Community Health Gateway White House Rural Council  Eligibility Analyzer Contact Us Subscribe to FORHP weekly announcement for rural health grantees and stakeholders by e-mail Subscribe to ...

  2. MANAGEMENT IN RURAL AREAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danimir Štros

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Croatia has been seeking to achive pre-war results in tourism since its independence. Rural tourism in Croatia based on family farma faces a number of problems legal foundations, the involement of local communities, inadequate entepreneur support etc. The political will for development exists, but there is lack of willingness and the ability to get things started, which results in the closure of family farma who cannot cope with the parallel job of agriculture and tourism. Arriving guests certainly want a new type of tourism: peace, clean environment, cultural intangible and tangible treasures, all without the noise and stress; and Croatia can definitely offer it, either in coastal or inland areas with traditional food and drinks. The destinations connection is not satisfactora. there is also an evident lack of legislation and regional spatial development plans for sustainable tourism which is a prerequisite for successful tourism. With these plans presumptins accepted, Croatian tourism would become distinctive and inland and coastal branches of tourism could complement each other so that the customer can spend his vacation both in the continental ant the maritime part of the country, getting to know our culture and enjoy the traditional cousine.

  3. Rural sewage treatment processing in Yongjia County, Zhejiang Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, W. H.; Kuan, T. H.

    2016-08-01

    Issues regarding water pollution in rural areas of China have garnered increased attention over the years. Further discussion on the circumstances and results of existing domestic sewage treatment methods may serve as an appropriate reference in solving these important issues. This article explored the current conditions of water contamination in rural areas of China, introduced the characteristics and effects of applicable sewage treatment technology, and summarized the results of the planning, installation, and operation of rural sewage treatment facilities in Yongjia County in Zhejiang Province. However, relying on a single technical design rule is not adequate for solving the practical problems that these villages face. Instead, methods of planning rural sewage treatment should be adapted to better suit local conditions and different residential forms. It is crucial, ultimately, for any domestic sewage treatment system in a rural area to be commissioned, engineered, and maintained by a market-oriented professional company.

  4. 7 CFR 632.21 - Reclamation plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reclamation plan. 632.21 Section 632.21 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL ABANDONED MINE PROGRAM Participation § 632.21 Reclamation plan. (a) Responsibility. Land users are responsible for developing a reclamation plan that will serve as a basis for...

  5. 76 FR 47055 - Emergency Restoration Plan (ERP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-04

    ... 7 CFR Part 1730 RIN 0572-AC16 Emergency Restoration Plan (ERP) AGENCY: Rural Utilities Service, USDA... maintain an Emergency Response Plan (ERP) that details how the borrower will restore its system in the... ERP requirement was not entirely new to the borrowers, as RUS had recommended similar ``plans'' in...

  6. 村镇公共服务设施的“协同配置”——探索规划方法的改进%Coordinated Distribution of Public Services in Rural Areas: Approaches to Improve the Planning Methodology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿健; 张兵; 王宏远

    2013-01-01

    《国家基本公共服务体系“十二五”规划》明确了实现城乡基本公共服务均等化的目标.现围绕村镇公共服务设施配置中规划方法改进的问题,总结和归纳了我国村镇公共服务设施配置的一般方法和近来有关公共服务设施配置原理的研究进展,提出在通常采取“使用功能”分类、“村镇等级”、“运营方式”、“千人指标”配置公共服务设施的方法同时,提倡“协同配置”的理念,将“类型协同”和“区域协同”等概念纳入布局规划的原理,以提高公共资源投入的科学性.%The National 12th Five Year Plan for Fundamental Public Services published in 2012 is oriented toward creating fundamental public services equally between urban and rural areas.This paper,as a part of the Research Project entitled ‘Planning Technology for Residential Area in Rural Area (nongcun zhuqu guihua fishu yanjiu)' funded by the National Science and Technology Support Program,focuses upon searching planning approaches to aims.The paper critically reviews the traditional and conventional planning methods of allotting public resources and locating the facilities.It is argued that to well balance diverse interests and regional needs,the principle of ‘coordinated distribution of public services' should adopted in contemporary planning practices.

  7. Girl child in rural India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devendra, K

    1995-01-01

    This article discusses the status of the girl child in rural India. Rural children lack the advantages of modern amenities and facilities, such as transportation, electricity, media, hygiene, health care, and access to education. A young girl's status is related to her mother's status. Women are valued the most when a son is born. Girl children are considered an economic liability in child care costs, dowry costs, and marriage support. Since the 1970s, dowry demands have increased. Daughters must meet the demands of prospective in-law for education and dowry even after marriage. The attitudes of parents, families, and society encourage sex-selective abortion, infanticide, abuse in childhood, and domestic violence in adulthood. It was reported in 1994 that a woman is molested every 26 minutes and raped every 52 minutes. The government of India developed an action plan in 1992 for developing the girl child. Rural girl children spend their time cooking, cleaning, fetching wood and water, caring for children, and working in the fields sowing, transplanting, and weeding. Girl children contribute over 20% of total work at home. The only advantage a girl child has in rural areas is visibility. The greatest disadvantage is that her mother, who faced neglect herself, discriminates against her. Increasingly girl children contribute income to their household from Beedi making, gem polishing, embroidering, or paper bag making. Sometimes girls and boys work in hazardous occupations. Gender disparity is evident in school enrollment, drop out rates, literacy, and employment. In 1994, India passed a universal female education bill that offers parents incentives for access and punishment for keeping a girl out of school. Communities need to create a demand for rural girl children's education.

  8. Chinese rural reform:experience,problems and the future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩俊

    2009-01-01

    Chinese rural reform has made great achievements and accumulated a wealth of experience since the beginning of reform and opening up 30 years ago.At the core is the rapid and sustained development of the national economy.Currently,there are obstacles in rural reform;for example,the supply and demand of primary products are frequently out of balance,shortages of rural labor occur thanks to structural problems on the supply side,and the equality system between rural and urban citizens has yet to be established.Therefore,to make important breakthroughs,we must change our ideas of controlling the food market;we must improve rural land policy, loosen rural financial supervision,adjust the fiscal expense structure,protect farmers’ legal rights and interests,accelerate the building-up of democracy at the grassroots level,and intensify overall planning and coordination.

  9. Defining the medical imaging requirements for a rural health center

    CERN Document Server

    2017-01-01

    This book establishes the criteria for the type of medical imaging services that should be made available to rural health centers, providing professional rural hospital managers with information that makes their work more effective and efficient. It also offers valuable insights into government, non-governmental and religious organizations involved in the planning, establishment and operation of medical facilities in rural areas. Rural health centers are established to prevent patients from being forced to travel to distant urban medical facilities. To manage patients properly, rural health centers should be part of regional and more complete systems of medical health care installations in the country on the basis of a referral and counter-referral program, and thus, they should have the infrastructure needed to transport patients to urban hospitals when they need more complex health care. The coordination of all the activities is only possible if rural health centers are led by strong and dedicated managers....

  10. National Rural Health Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... History of Rural Health Globalization Urban Bias Dependency Theory Political Economy History of Rural Health IV: '60s ... Data Grassroots Action Center Policy Documents Legislative and Regulatory Agenda Medicaid News Response to 2013 OIG CAH ...

  11. Rural Health Disparities

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and International Patterns , the authors found that rural American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth have a higher mortality rate than their urban counterparts. Additionally, the rate of substance abuse admissions was higher for rural AI/AN ...

  12. Current Situation of China's Rural Energy Development and Prospects for the 12th Five Year Plan%中国农村能源发展现状及"十二五"展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田宜水

    2011-01-01

    近年来,我国高度重视农村能源建设,投资力度不断增加,政策法规体系初步建立,农村沼气已实现跨越式发展,太阳能热利用持续快速增长,秸秆能源化利用也取得初步进展.但还存在着优质能源比例低、城乡差距大、投资结构不合理以及市场化程度低等问题.建议在"十二五"期间,按照"因地制宜、多能互补、综合利用、讲求效益"的发展方针,大力推广农村可再生能源和节能技术,采取完善政策法规、开发农村能源市场等措施,促进农村社会经济可持续发展.%In recent years, the Chinese government has paid more attention to rural energy, increasing investment, initially established policies and regulations. The rural biogas is developed very fast, the solar thermal utilization technology continuously grows rapidly, and the energy utilization of straw has also made initial progress. However, there exist many other issues of low ratio of high-quality energy in the rural energy,a large gap between urban and rural areas, irrational investment structure, and the low degree of market. In the 12th Five-Year, in accordance with the principles of "development based on local conditions, and energy supplementary, comprehensive utilization, cost-effective", it promotes rural renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies, improves policies and regulations, develops rural energy markets and uses other measures to promote rural social and economic sustainable development.

  13. Planning for Challenging Behaviors: A Method to the Madness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deasy, Gia S.

    Student behavior problems have been found to be the most significant and frequently addressed concern of rural educators. A model was developed in response to the needs of rural educators in West Virginia for planning, documenting, implementing, and monitoring behavior plans for students with emotional and behavior problems. The first step…

  14. Rural Education Issues: Rural Administrators Speak Out

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Julia; Nierengarten, Gerry

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the issues that most affect Minnesota's rural public school administrators as they attempt to fulfill the mandates required from state legislation and communities. A second purpose was to identify exemplary practices valued by individual Minnesota rural schools and districts. Electronic surveys were sent…

  15. Desarrollo rural vs. desarrollo local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez Moreno, M.ª Luisa

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The subject of this paper is the discussion about the concepts of rural development and local development starting from the different lines that tend in their making up: the Geographic epistemology, the politics based on them and the material processes of development. The issues of this discussion are: the difficulty of reflect this development processes in quantitative evidences (indicators due to their rather qualitative character; the ambiguous definition of their scale, and related to that, their condition spread or concentrated; their suitability to make compatible objectives of both territorial and social cohesion; the limitations to be extrapolated the concept of stakeholders, own of local development, to rural development; the lack of coordination between economic planning and urban planning to the detriment of a true sustainability and, in the opposite, the threats that are to the rural space the application of sustainability politics designed from the urban context.

    El objeto de este artículo es la discusión de los conceptos de desarrollo rural y local a partir de las distintas líneas que convergen en su definición: las elaboraciones epistemológicas de la Geografía, los instrumentos de planificación en ellos basados y los procesos reales. Los términos de esta discusión son los siguientes: La dificultad de expresar en indicadores los resultados de estos procesos de desarrollo, dado su carácter más cualitativo que cuantitativo; la ambigua definición de su escala, y, en relación con ello, su carácter difuso o concentrado; su idoneidad para compatibilizar objetivos de cohesión social y territorial; las limitaciones de la extrapolación al desarrollo rural del concepto de «actores» propio del desarrollo local; la carencia de coordinación entre planificación económica y urbana en detrimento de una sostenibilidad real y, a la inversa, las amenazas para el espacio rural derivadas de la aplicación de políticas de

  16. The medical auxiliary in rural Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, P C

    1973-05-05

    One of the steps taken by the government to break the cycle of poverty and ill-health in rural Malaysia is the establishment of a rural health service. Initially, the health unit served 50,000 people; it consisted of 1 main health center; 4 health subcenters, and 20 midwife stations. By the end of 1970, 44 main health centers, 180 health subcenters, and 943 midwife stations were in operation, creating a great demand for all types of health personnel: professional, paramedical, and auxiliary. Doctors are unevenly distributed in West Malaysia: in urban areas, the ratio of doctors to population is 1 to 1500; in rural areas, the ratio is 1 to 25,000. Paramedicals are unevenly distributed too. The scarcity of professionals in rural areas is attributed to professionals' demand for high salaries and the corresponding requirement of professional and social settings which rural areas cannot provide. The rural health unit utilized the tiered pyramidal system for staffing, with heavy reliance on auxiliary personnel. This system enabled the rapid expansion of rural health services, helping reach over a third of the population in just 15 years. As a consequence, infant, toddler and maternal mortality rates declined substantially. Traditional birth attendants, or kampong bidans, are currently being trained, on an experimental basis, simple principles of hygiene and family planning. With the enforcement of the Midwives Act in 1971, indigenous midwives have not been permitted to register as legitimate midwives and are now subject to supervision by health authorities. Future plans include retraining single-purpose midwives in child health and nursing, and giving all assistant nurses midwifery training. The aim is to make these 2 auxiliaries multipurpose community nurse-midwives. Experiences of developed countries show that demand for auxiliaries will continue to increase with the growth of professional personnel.

  17. The Reaction and Innovation in Chinese Urban and Rural Planning and Designing from a Rational and Logical Perspective%理性与逻辑视角下我国城乡规划设计的响应与革新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟

    2016-01-01

    伴随我国30多年快速城镇化一度带给城乡规划行业的繁荣,而当下经济社会的新常态为城乡规划带来转型时机之宜。笔者以理性与逻辑作为审视视角,首先对我国城市规划建设中所面临的“政府-市场-社会”三元张力展开分析,对当前存在的张力失衡风险加以解析,进而提出影响着当前众多规划编制与实施过程中共识形成与行动推进的七重理性隐壑与三个关键内在驱动逻辑转变,最终从小设计到大设计与两个协同转变提出我国城乡规划设计的响应与革新建议。%AbSTRAcT The past 30 years' rapid urbanization had brought prosperity to urban and rural planning industry, while the current "new normal social economy" has created opportunity for the transformation of urban and rural planning in China. From a rational and logical perspective, the author analyzes three tensions, "the government, the market and the society", faced by urban planning development in China and further interrupts the risks of existing tension imbalance. The paper reveals seven rational traps and three key internal-driving logical conversions influencing the consensus and actions in the process of urban plan compilations and implementation. Finally, the paper, from the view of "from minor design to extensive design" and two colaborative conversions, proposes proper actions and innovative approaches for the urban and rural planning and design in China.

  18. TELEVISION AND DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL WOMENA STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Devadas M.B,

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Television as a mass medium has profound impact on society. The pivotal role of Television as an instrument of development by altering the human perspective and transforming the traditional mindset of society is well recognized. TV has not only occupied the leisure hours of women but the whole family is also found busy viewing television programmes for varying length of hours. This paper basically intends to examine the role of TV in the development of rural women. The term development in its broadest sense in the context of India refers to rural development. Rural development has been viewed as an economic planned change to achieve desirable social goals in India since independence. Eapen (1988: 67, in his diagnosis and analysis opens up the Pandora of problems related to the inherent conflicts and contradiction between the state policy regarding electronic media and actual use for development. This study quantitatively analyses the role of television in igniting development among rural women. Thiruvarur, one of the most back ward district in Tamil Nadu is taken as the locale of the study. Hundred rural women samples are selected for the research. This research paper underscores that TV has profound impact on social, economic, cultural and political life of rural women

  19. 小城镇城市设计中的地域性回归研究--以株洲市云田镇为例%On Regional Regression in the Urban Planning of Rural Towns:Take Yuntian Town in Zhuzhou City as a Case Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊勇; 宋丽美; 张志强

    2016-01-01

    小城镇城市设计存在着自然生态肌理被破坏、空间尺度具有非人化倾向、城市历史文脉和场所精神逐渐破碎等地域性缺失。不同的自然地理背景和历史文化背景下所形成的小城镇具有不同的地域性特征,小城镇城市设计需要注重其具体的地域性表达。小城镇城市设计的地域性回归应首先明确指导思想及设计原则,在此基础上,从宏观、中观、微观3个层面把握设计内容,构建“3+4+3”的小城镇城市设计地域性回归研究框架。基于此理论构架,并结合株洲市云田镇的地理区位及地域性特色构成要素,探讨了云田镇的地域性回归城市设计案例。%Usually found in the urban planning of rural towns are such regional losses as the destruction of natural ecological texture, the dehumanization tendency of spatial scales, as well as the disruption of historical and spiritual contexts. Having been formed under different natural and geological conditions, different rural towns exhibit different distinctive regional characteristics, which requires specific corresponding reflection in the process of their urban planning. The guiding principles and design concepts should be first made clear about the research of regional regression in the urban planning of rural towns. And based on this study is the outline of the design from three hierarchical levels:macro-level, meso-level, and micro-level perspectives, under the framework model of“3+4+3”for the research of regional regression in rural towns. A tentative study has been made of the regional regression of Yuntian Town in Zhuzhou City under this theoretical framework, taking into consideration such factors as its geographical location and constituent elements of its regional features.

  20. Spatiotemporal Changes in Rural Settlement Land and Rural Population in the Middle Basin of the Heihe River, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manjiang Shi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the relationship between the spatiotemporal expansion of rural settlement land and the variation of rural population is the foundation of rational and specific planning for sustainable development. Based on the integration of Landsat TM, ETM+, and OLI images and demographic data, using mathematical models, landscape indexes, and a decoupling model, the spatiotemporal changes of the rural settlement land area and its decoupling relationship with the rural registered population were analyzed for the middle basin of the Heihe River in China. During the period 1986–2014, the following changes occurred: (1 The study area experienced increases of 124.94%, 55.16%, and 1.56% in rural settlement land area, number of patches, and rural registered population, respectively; (2 Edge-expansion, dispersion, and urban encroachment were the dominant patterns of dynamic changes in the studied rural settlement land. Among these, edge-expansion was the most prevalent development pattern; it contributed more than half of the total increase in the number of patches and the total area growth; (3 The annual growth rate of the rural registered population increased from 0.7% in 1986–2002 to −0.5% in 2002–2014. By that time the rural settlement land area had undergone a gentle increase from 3.4% to 3.6%. Generally, the rural registered population and rural settlement land has experienced a shift from weakly decoupled in 1986–2009 to strongly decoupled in 2009–2014; (4 From 1986 to 2014, rural urbanization and modernization were the main causes that led to the decline in the rural registered population; however, economic growth promoted the expansion of rural settlement land during this same period. We believe that with the rapid development of urbanization, the decoupling relationship between the rural settlement land area and the reduction in the rural registered population cannot be completely reversed in the short term. It is recommended that

  1. Medical student attitudes before and after participation in rural health fairs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David C Landy

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Despite an increased need, residents of rural communities have decreased access to healthcare and oftenpresentuniquehealthcare challenges associated with their rurality. Ensuring medical students receive adequate exposure to these issues is complicated by the urban location of most medical schools. Health fairs (fairs conducted in rural communities can provide students exposure to ruralhealth;however, it is unknown how participation affects attitudes regarding these issues. Materials and Methods: During the 2010-2011 academic year, first-year medical students were surveyed before and after participating in a rural fair regarding the importance of rural health issues, the need for exposure to rural healthcare, their plans to practice in a rural community,andthe educational impact of fairs. Results : Of the 121participating students, 77% and 61% completed pre- and post-fair surveys, respectively. Few had lived in a rural area or planned to practice primary care. Participants strongly agreed that the delivery of healthcare in rural areas was important, and that all physicians should receive rural health training (4.8 and 3.7 out of 5, respectively despite less than halfplanning to practice in a rural community.After participating in a rural fair, student attitudes were unchanged, although 87% of participants strongly agreed their involvement had contributed to improving patient health and 70% that the fairs provided rural medicine experience. Conclusions : Among urban medical school students with varied interests in primary care, there was strong interest in volunteering at rural fairs and appreciation for the importance of rural health. Fairs provided interested students with rural medicine experience that reinforced student attitudes regarding rural health. Further, students felt their participation improved patient health.

  2. A Beginning Rural Principal's Toolkit: A Guide for Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashton, Brian; Duncan, Heather E.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore both the challenges and skills needed to effectively assume a leadership position and thus to create an entry plan or "toolkit" for a new rural school leader. The entry plan acts as a guide beginning principals may use to navigate the unavoidable confusion that comes with leadership. It also assists…

  3. Rural Entrepreneurship or Entrepreneurship in the Rural

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Steffen; Müller, Sabine; Tanvig, Hanne Wittorff

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: This article investigates how rural entrepreneurship engages with place and space. It explores the concept of “rural” in rural enterprise, and illustrates the importance of distinguishing between types of rural entrepreneurship. Design/methodology/approach: The constructs of “place” and ...... these processes are enabled and constrained by the immediate context or “place”. The paper weaves space and place in order to show the importance of context for entrepreneurship, which responds to the recent calls for contextualizing entrepreneurship research and theories....

  4. On the future of local communities in rural areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malešević Krstan

    2003-01-01

    emotional connection of people living there. In other words, their participation and their self-identification with these communities is a key prerequisite. Although the renewal of our rural communities is an extremely difficult task, filled with many dilemmas, inconsistencies and objective contradictions, it is not unresolvable, at least for one type of these communities. With the well-thought strategy of planning and management of rural development, these processes can be accelerated and channelled in the desired direction. This paper discusses some possible solutions and gives more concrete propositions in relation to this problem.

  5. Driving Mechanism Study on Rural Labour Force's Transference Under the City and Countryside Overall Plan%城乡统筹视角下农村劳动力转移驱动机理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石永明; 邱道持; 骆东奇

    2011-01-01

    农村劳动力转移对促进社会主义新农村建设、解决“三农”问题意义重大.本文以重庆市璧山县为例,在对2个街办3个乡镇150余农户抽样调查基础上分析了该地区农村劳动力转移的经济学、土地流转、心理学和社会学方面的驱动机理,并提出加快农村劳动力转移需完善保障机制、发展现代农业、加快城镇建设等一系列建议.%Rural Labour Force's Transference has big sense in promoting the socialistic new rural construction and resolving the "countryside-agriculture-farmer" problems. On the census data from more than 150 rural families (mainly is egress work) and more than 150 peasant laborer being out of 3 towns and 2 sub-district offices in the Chongqing Municipality's Bishan County, this paper has analyzed its economic, psychological and land circulation and sociological driving mechanism, and proposed to consummate the safeguard mechanism, to develop modern agriculture, to develop the town construction and so on a series of suggestions for speeding up the Rural Labour Force's Transference.

  6. New Paths to Learning for Rural Children and Youth: Nonformal Education for Rural Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coombs, Philip H.; And Others

    Designed to provide developing nations and government agencies with information on nonformal education, this study presents general guidelines on how to: (1) assess the needs within a given country for rural children and youth; (2) plan effective/economic programs to meet these needs; (3) develop means to evaluate and strengthen such programs; and…

  7. [Transformations of the rural Colombian family].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordonez Gomez, M

    1991-06-01

    This work analyzes sociodemographic changes affecting rural Colombian families in the past 15-20 years. The most recent sources of data on Colombia's rural population are the 1985 census, the 1988 Rural Household Survey, and the 1990 Survey of Contraceptive Prevalence, Demography, and Health. Among the most significant changes observed since the preceding census, in 1973, were declines in illiteracy and increases in educational status, increased economic participation of women, declines in fertility and infant mortality, and declining participation in agriculture and diversification in other rural activities. The absolute size of Colombia's rural population has not changed since 1973 but its relative weight has declined from 39% to 32% in 1985. Due to the fertility decline the proportion of the population under 15 has declined from 48% in 1973 too 39% in 1990. The rural total fertility rate was estimated at 3.8 children per woman in 1987-90 and the crude birth rate at 27/1000. The total fertility rate is much higher in some regions and among some groups of women. The most important determinant of rural fertility decline has been family planning. Between 1969-90, the proportion of rural women using contraception has increased from 10 to 60%. 47% of women in union do not desire more children, with poorly educated mothers of 3 or more children least likely to want more children. A 1990 estimate of infant mortality based on the contraceptive prevalence survey was 36/1000 in rural and 28/1000 in urban areas. Although the overall infant mortality rate has declined by 37% in 25 years, significant regional and socioeconomic differentials persist. Acute diarrheal disease is still the single most important cause of death in children under 5, followed by acute respiratory infections. The main cause of death for adults aged 15-44 is homicide. Among fertile-aged women the most important causes of illness and death are nutritional deficiencies and poor attention in deliveries

  8. Research on Algorithm and Model of Multiple Objective Rural Highway Network Planning%农村公路网络设计多目标模型与算法分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任宏基; 马昌喜

    2012-01-01

    农村公路作为农村社会的重要基础设施,其规划布局对于推动农村公路建设、促进整个农村地区公路运输和社会经济的发展有着重要作用。通过最小化造价费用、最大化人口覆盖度、最小化出行成本,建立农村公路网络设计多目标决策模型,并用多目标自适应遗传算法计算得到Pareto最优解空间,作为决策者满意解。最后用一个例子验证该模型和算法的正确性和有效性。该方法有助于决策者在进行农村路网规划时选择最优的规划路径。%As the essential facility in rural society, the program of rural highways plays an important role in improving the construction of rural highway and the development of regional economy. In this paper, a multiple objective decision-making model for rural highway network is developed through minimum costs, maximize the ratio of population coverage, minimum travel costs. Then the Pareto optimal solution was obtained using the multiple objective adaptive GA algorithm as decision maker satisfactory solution. This proposed method is helpful for determining the best route when programming rural road network.

  9. The Role Peoples Participation in Rural Development: With Emphasis on

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eskandar Saydaie

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available AbstractNowadays, rural cooperation in rural affairs and with more specialization view in rural development is theessential part for making plan in rural areas.We face with two procedures by reviewing the rural participationhistory in rural affairs. The first one, it had been the rural Tradition participation that contents of parlanceregulations and unwritten that has been done with social-economic motivations much more than others.Thesecond one, new participation which has statutory and regulars that make the people participation officialand lawful.This essay supposed to answer this question. Does any difference between the rural participation rate in pastand present times? In this survey, scholars are trying to evaluate the people participation in past and presenttime, and are trying to survey about the succession of tradition participation, and components of both. Bymeans of this, for making suitable time-table between these two samples, the Islamic Councils has beenmade and these two samples shall be compared. The research data which are based upon questionnaireinformation and output based upon 380 families and 30 rural samples in central part of Mamasani-NoorabadTwonship has been analyzed by presumption statistics.The results obtained from the analysis and examination of hypotheses show that there is no significantstatistical relationship with the probability of 95% between traditional participation and their newparticipation in Central Part of the Noorabad Mamasani Twonship, this difference is considerable in thetraditional and new participation senses.

  10. 3S技术支撑下的城乡规划现状调查与分析新模式研究--以重庆市主城区龙兴聚居区为例%The New Model of Situation Investigation and Analysis in Urban-Rural Planning Based on 3S Technology:A Case of Longxing Community in Major Urban Area of Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余静; 贾敦新; 邓仕虎; 金贤锋

    2013-01-01

      现状调查与分析是各级各类城乡规划重要而基础的环节,是城乡规划定性、定量分析的主要依据。对城乡现实状况的准确把握,有利于发现现实中的核心问题,有利于支撑城乡规划制定科学、合理的发展蓝图。在当前规划编制新形势下,既要保证现状调查的质量,又要提高现状调查的效率,深度改革与创新已势在必行。本文围绕重庆市规划管理与编制的实践,积极探索了一种3S技术支撑下的城乡规划现状调查与分析新模式,并以重庆市主城区龙兴聚居区规划为例进行实证分析,为城乡规划构建工作模式合理、技术手段先进的现状调查与分析提供有益的借鉴。%  Situation investigation and analysis is the important and basic part of urban-rural planning, which is also the main basis for qualitative analysis and quantitative Analysis in urban-rural planning. The accurate grasp of the realities in urban and rural areas is in favor of discovering the core issues in reality and developing a scientific and reasonable development blueprint. Under the new situation of planning, depth reform and innovation is necessary to ensure the quality of situation investigation and also improve the efficiency. Focused on the practice of planning and management in Chongqing, this paper actively explores a new model of situation investigation and analysis in urban-rural planning based on 3S technology in the empirical analysis of Chongqing as an example. It provides a good reference for situation investigation and analysis in urban-rural planning.

  11. Rural Poverty Rate Edges Downward.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nord, Mark

    1997-01-01

    Although rural poverty began to decline, 1994-95, many rural households had incomes just above poverty. Rural minorities were especially disadvantaged; racial differences in educational attainment accounted for 20-33% of income gaps. One-quarter of rural children lived in poverty, most in single-parent households. Most rural poor families lived in…

  12. RURAL TOURISM IN ROMANIA - A MARKETING PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrică ŞTEFAN

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of national tourist brand is one of the priorities of the Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism. The project on branding Romania is EU-funded, within the Regional Operational Program (ROP 2007-2013. Out of the different evaluation point of views - qualitative research in source markets and domestic market, project's team opinions, branding project research on the attractiveness / competitiveness, 6 tourism key product of Romanian tourism have been identified, one of them beeing Countryside &Rural Tourism. The paper aimed to present an analysis of the Countryside and rural tourism from a marketing perspective bearing in mind that, in order to reach the target set by the Romanian National Tourism Development Masterplan 2007-2026, of increasing the number of visitors at 9,7 milion in 2016, a marketing plan will be implemented. The average yearly growth of the arrivals number for the countryside and rural sector for 2011-2015 will be 25%.

  13. Study on Construction of Database for Confirmation of Rural Homestead Right

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan WANG; Dingtong LI

    2015-01-01

    Confirmation of homestead right is helpful for planning of rural construction land and comprehensive development of new socialist countryside construction. At present,China is carrying out confirmation of rural homestead right on a large scale. Theoretical analysis on construction of database for confirmation of rural homestead right is of great significance for promoting confirmation of rural homestead right. Using the Mapgis urban cadastral management system database,this paper studied the process of creating database for conformation of rural homestead right,and came up with recommendations for update and maintenance of the database.

  14. Study on Problems and Countermeasures of Rural Public Goods Supplying System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Hua

    2006-01-01

    In current China, the main problem existing in the rural public goods supplying system is the unbalanced condition of public goods supply, and the chief reason for which is unitary system of supply main body.Thus the leading countermeasure for corner of public goods supply is to reform the present unitary rural public goods supplying system, to strengthen functional transfer of rural grass-roots directive organization, to adopt diversified mode and provide public goods on the base of overall planning of urban and rural areas and to implement unitary and diversified supplying strategy. In this way, supplying efficiency of the rural public goods will be improved.

  15. 海南乡村旅游规划实践——以海口市美兰区演丰镇为例%Planning and Practice of Hainan Rural Tourism——Case study of Yanfeng Town, Meilan District, Haikou, Hainan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯丽; 许先升

    2011-01-01

    The file 'The guidelines on propelling construction of Hainan as an international tourism destination made by the State Council' pointed out that the implementation to develop agriculture for sightseeing and agriculture for leisure should be made, and a group of tourism towns with distinguishing feature of Hainan should be built This provides a strategic opportunity for developing rural tourism in Hainan. The town of Yanfeng, which is one of the first model tourism towns in Hainan, has plentiful tourism resources with unique feature and advantages. The article proposed the idea for a tourism plan in Yanfeng by utilizing the rural tourism planning system, combined with the tourism resource conditions in Yanfeng. According to the planning idea, ecological and cultural features in "Yanfeng", through feasibility analysis, the author suggested the suitable subjects for the planning programs were "natural oxygen bar" and "the town of Mangrove". Based on these subjects, the author planned a series of subjects tourism products such as tour of mangrove wetlands, underwater wonders of the undersea village, leisure fishing agriculture, youth camping, tourism and leisure fanning with supporting landscape plans.%《国务院关于推进海南国际旅游岛建设发展的若干意见》提出要制定实施观光农业、休闲农业支持计划,着力培育一批海南特色旅游城镇.海南乡村旅游发展迎来了战略机遇.演丰镇是海南省首批乡村旅游示范点之一,旅游资源丰富,特色及优势明显.本文运用乡村旅游规划理论体系,结合演丰镇旅游资源条件,提出演丰镇乡村旅游策划思路.针对演丰镇生态文化特色资源,通过可行性分析,策划项目主题:天然氧吧,红树林之乡.在此基础上,策划了红树林湿地观光、水下奇观海底村庄、渔家农业休闲、青少年野营活动、观光休闲种植业和特色文化资源等6项主题旅游产品,并配套提出了景观规划.

  16. Vejnettet og det urban-rurale landskab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juel Clemmensen, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    The western culture of planning has a tradition of considering infrastructure predominantly from technical, technocratic or historical perspectives that removes the focus away from infrastructure’s role in the mediating between culture and nature and in the production of the “city” (see Graham...... & Marvin). This is particularly the case when it comes to the road network, which planning tends to live a life of its own. Hence new road connections are still primarily viewed as missing links of a hierarchical network with origins that go back to the sixties, and are being planned with the aim...... planning, while at the same time pointing at the road network’s potential as a common platform for planning. A potential that only can be exploited if a more comprehensive conception of the influence of road network in the urban-rural landscape is established....

  17. 基于智慧城市时空信息云平台的广州智慧城乡规划实施研究%Research on the Implementation of Smart Urban-Rural Planning in Guangzhou Based on the Spatiotemporal Information Cloud Platform for Smart City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊

    2015-01-01

    Based on the E-government cloud platform of Supercomputer Center, the city of Guangzhou launched the construction of spatial and temporal database, development of cloud platform and improvement of its support environment. This is witnessed by some pioneering works especially in the field of smart urban-rural planning, including the provision of spatial and temporal information resources service, construction of information interaction platform for the "integration of three plans", analysis on the mobility of people based on mobile information in the project of Smart Guangzhou. These will contribute to the advancement of smart urban-rural planning, the exploration of construction modes, sharing modes and service modes of spatial and temporal information cloud platform for smart cities.%广州市基于超算中心电子政务云平台,开展时空数据建设、时空信息云平台开发、支撑环境完善,尤其在城乡规划领域开展时空一体的信息资源服务建设、"三规合一"信息联动平台、基于移动信令分析的智慧广州人流管理研究等典型应用试点工作,推进智慧城乡规划,探索智慧城市时空信息云平台的建设模式、共享模式和服务模式.

  18. 基于城乡统筹下的旅游小城镇规划研究--以勐罕镇为例%Study of Small Tourism Towns’ Planning Based on the Urban and Rural Harmonious--A Case of Menghan Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡莹莹; 车震宇

    2013-01-01

      According to the economic and social development stage,the Central Committee of Communist Party of China puts forward a major strategic decision-making which is balancing urban and rural development. The small towns in the area where the economy is relatively backward plays an important role in realizing the true meaning of the “urban and rural harmonious”. Based on resource superiority,tourism as a breakthrough,small tourism town solves the major issues on poor infrastructure,single industry and blind development. But how to follow the theoretical approaches of urban and rural harmonious,playing a role of small towns as a radiation effect of the urban transition body also needs specific and systemic plannings. The authors analyze and research the case of Menghan Town that is different from other regions to explore the key content and method of the planning in the context of urban-rural harmonious.%  城乡统筹是中共中央根据经济社会发展而提出的重大战略决策。在经济相对落后的小城镇地区,实现真正意义上的“城乡统筹”,旅游小城镇发挥着不容小觑的作用。旅游小城镇立足于自身资源优势,以旅游为突破口,解决现在基础设施落后、产业单一、发展盲目化的情况。但如何遵循城乡统筹的理论方法,发挥旅游小城镇作为城乡过渡体的“辐射”作用,还需有具体系统的规划。通过对案例地勐罕镇进行分析、研究,发掘旅游小城镇在城乡统筹背景下不同于其他地区规划的重点内容及方法。

  19. The Trial of the Residential Pattern of the New Rural:Plan of Resettlement Areas in Jiaze Yuejin Village, Wujin City%新农村居住模式的初探——嘉泽镇跃进村拆迁安置区规划方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘黎芳

    2013-01-01

    More and more rural areas have got rid of old styles owing to the urbanization process.Planning architects assumed an important role in the transition of rural areas from traditional to modern.This article analyzes the trial of the residential pattern of the new rural via the example plan of Jiaze Yuejin village,Wujin city,Jiangsu Province.Starting from the origin of architecture,so as to analyzing the nature of Chinese traditional architectural space and refining its essence,so as to make the Chinese elements such as "slope roof","yard",'wall" have the form of contemporary feeling.At last the residents will be familiar with the new rural and they will gain the sense of belonging through all these works such as create many sites with varying degrees of open space by the triple yard.%城市化的进程使越来越多的农村摆脱旧有风貌.在从传统农村过渡到新农村的过程中,规划和建筑设计师承担了重要角色.该文以江苏省武进市嘉泽镇跃进村拆迁安置区规划设计方案为例,分析阐述了设计中对新农村居住模式的探索过程.从建筑的本源出发,分析中式传统建筑空间的本质并提炼其精华,将“坡顶”、“院”、“墙”等中式元素赋予现代感的形式,并将对“院”的理解升华,通过三重院落的设置,营造不同开放程度的场所空间,给居者以认同感和归属感.

  20. Rural Medicare Advantage Market Dynamics and Quality: Historical Context and Current Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemper, Leah; Barker, Abigail R; Wilber, Lyndsey; McBride, Timothy D; Mueller, Keith

    2016-07-01

    Purpose. In this policy brief, we assess variation in Medicare’s star quality ratings of Medicare Advantage (MA) plans that are available to rural beneficiaries. Evidence from the recent Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) quality demonstration suggests that market dynamics, i.e., firms entering and exiting the MA marketplace, play a role in quality improvement. Therefore, we also discuss how market dynamics may impact the smaller and less wealthy populations that are characteristic of rural places. Key Data Findings. (1) Highly rated MA plans serving rural Medicare beneficiaries are more likely to be health maintenance organizations (HMOs) and local preferred provider organizations (PPOs), as opposed to regional PPOs. HMOs and local PPOs may be better able to improve their quality scores strategically in response to the bonus payment incentive due to existing internal monitoring mechanisms. (2) On average, the rural enrollment rate is lower in plans with higher quality scores (59 percent) than the corresponding urban rate (71 percent). This differential is likely due, in part, to lack of availability of highly rated plans in rural areas: 17.8 percent of rural counties lacked access to a plan with four or more (out of five) stars, while just 3.7 percent of urban counties lacked such access. (3) MA plans with high quality scores have been operating longer, on average, and have a lower percentage of rural counties within their contract service areas than plans with lower quality scores.

  1. Development of the New Rural Cooperative Medical System in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yanzhong Wang

    2007-01-01

    Based on a survey conducted by our research team at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the present paper reports on the development of China's new rural cooperative medical system set up in late 2002. The new rural cooperative medical system is different from the old system in that it is organized, guided and supported by the government but that rural residents voluntarily participate in its administration. It is financed by individuals,collectives and the government. The new cooperative medical system focuses on serious disease planning and mutual aid and fraternity between rural residents in health care. The results of our survey indicate that the new rural medical system has been successful up to now but that it also has some problems. China needs to pay more attention to overcoming the difficulties and challenges it faces in terms of future medical needs so that a mechanism for its sustainable development can be established.

  2. Exploration of Rural Informatization and Urban-rural Information Fusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Based on the status quo of rural informatization and information service,this article conducts analysis and discussion of problems in rural informatization and urban-rural information fusion,using statistics. And corresponding countermeasures are put forward as follows: building rural information platform; strengthening information literacy training in rural areas and cultivating new farmers; making information network serve production and operation to increase jobs and income for farmers; developing rural e-commerce; enhancing network information security and prevention.

  3. Education for rural people

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Nearly one out of six people in the world is suffering from hunger and illiteracy. This book was developed to assist policy makers dealing with rural poverty, food insecurity and education challenges confronting rural people. It seeks to address the correlation between education, training, empowerment and food security, mainly through a number of examples from all over the world. It is about strengthening the capacity of rural people to achieve food security. It identifies different dimension...

  4. “两型社会”视角下的大都市周边地区城乡统筹规划研究--以长株潭生态绿心地区为例%Study on the Urban and Rural Integrated Planning of Peripheral Areas of Metropolis from the Perspective of “Two-Oriented Society” -- A Case Study of the Ecological Green Heart Areas of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Urban Cluster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕贤军; 江丽

    2013-01-01

      城乡二元发展的现状、《城乡规划法》的颁布实施,以及“两型社会”建设的要求下,如何进行城乡统筹规划,使之达到城乡经济、社会、资源与环境的协调可持续发展,促使城乡统筹规划成为规划领域一个重要的命题。本文以长株潭城市群生态绿心地区为例,探索了大都市周边地区统筹城乡空间、产业发展、基础设施与公共服务设施布局、统筹建设管理方式,以期对全国其它大都市周边地区的城乡统筹规划起到示范、借鉴作用。%With the development of urban and rural areas, the issue and implementation of Urban and Rural Planning Act and the demands of the “Two-Oriented Society” construction, urban and rural integrated planning has become an increasingly important proposition in the coordinated and sustainable development of urban and rural economy, society, resources and environment. Taking the ecological green heart areas of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban cluster as an example, the paper explores the urban and rural space, industry development, infrastructure and public service facilities distribution of peripheral areas of metropolis in the hope that it will play a guidance and demonstration role in the other peripheral areas of metropolis.

  5. Oral Health in Rural Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Guide Rural Health Topics & States Topics View more Oral Health in Rural Communities Adequate access to oral healthcare ... about oral health programs in my area? What oral health disparities are present in rural America? According to ...

  6. Job embeddedness as a nurse retention strategy for rural hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroth, Chandra

    2010-01-01

    RN turnover is expensive and disruptive for rural hospitals, constraining finances, impacting patient care, and stressing remaining nurses. Recent investigations have described a promising new construct related to employee retention: job embeddedness. Leaders in nonhealthcare organizations have adopted a job-embeddedness model to guide retention strategies and experienced a subsequent reduction in turnover. The author explores job embeddedness as an effective retention plan strategy for rural hospitals.

  7. Enrolment and programmatic trends and predictors of antiretroviral therapy initiation from president's emergency plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)-supported public HIV care and treatment sites in rural Mozambique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, T D; Burlison, J R; Blevins, M; Shepherd, B E; Baptista, A; Sidat, M; Vergara, A E; Vermund, S H

    2011-11-01

    Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have made antiretroviral therapy (ART) available in urban settings, but the progress of treatment expansion into rural Africa has been slower. We analysed routine data for patients enrolled in a rural HIV treatment programme in Zambézia Province, Mozambique (1 June 2006 through 30 March 2009). There were 12,218 patients who were ≥15 years old enrolled (69% women). Median age was 25 years for women and 31 years for men. Older age and higher level of education were strongly predictive of ART initiation (P Sustainability will require improved health manpower, infrastructure, stable funding, continuous drug supplies, patient record systems and, most importantly, community engagement.

  8. Planning approaches for rurban areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busck, Anne Gravsholt; Hidding, Marjan; Kristensen, Søren Bech Pilgaard

    2009-01-01

    .g. the spatial policy discussed and recommended in the European Spatial Development Perspective (ESDP) emphasises the compact city concept, rural-urban linkages and conservation of nature and cultural heritage. This paper compares planning practice for rurban areas in three cases: Roskilde municipality (Denmark...

  9. Sustainable Energy Solutions for Rural Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allen, Riley [Regulatory Assistance Project, Montpelier, VT (United States); Brutkoski, Donna [Regulatory Assistance Project, Montpelier, VT (United States); Farnsworth, David [Regulatory Assistance Project, Montpelier, VT (United States); Larsen, Peter [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2016-04-22

    The state of Alaska recognizes the challenges these rural communities face and provides financial support via the Power Cost Equalization (PCE) program. The PCE subsidizes the electricity prices paid by customers of these high-cost utilities. The PCE program is designed to spread the benefits of Alaska’s natural resources more evenly throughout the state. Yet even with this subsidy, electricity is still much more expensive for these rural customers. And beyond the PCE, other forms of assistance to rural utilities are becoming scarce given the state’s current fiscal environment. Nearly 90 percent of Alaska’s unrestricted budget funds in recent years have been tied to oil royalties—a sector experiencing significant declines in production and oil prices. Consequently, as Alaska looks to tighten budgets, the challenge of lowering rural utility costs, while encouraging self-sufficiency, has become more urgent.This study examines reliability, capital and strategic planning, management, workforce development, governance, financial performance and system efficiency in the various communities visited by the research team. Using those attributes, a tier system was developed to categorize rural Alaska utilities into Leading and Innovating Systems (Tier I), Advanced Diesel Systems (Tier II), Basic Systems (Tier III), and Underperforming Systems (Tier IV). The tier approach is not meant to label specific utilities, but rather to provide a general set of benchmarks and guideposts for improvement.

  10. Priorities for Advancing the Concept of New Ruralism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galen Newman

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Civic expansion and land use migrations to urban peripheries can accelerate the conversion of agricultural land uses. Widespread trepidation concerning urban sprawl has led to innovative frameworks for conserving or enhancing farmland. New Ruralism is one such framework, linking farmland preservation with developmental plans to reduce farmland conversion and low density development. Although the concept is still evolving, recent support for New Ruralism has grown. One of the most important factors in creating a New Ruralism-based development is coherent policy for permanent agricultural preserves. These preserves require the simultaneous, careful planning of land preservation balanced with the location of future development. This paper discusses the current condition of farmland loss and reviews issues and challenges associated with farmland preservation with existing New Ruralism developments. The goal is to synthesize this information into recommendations for increasing farmland preservation opportunities in New Ruralism-based developments. A more comprehensive definition for New Ruralism is presented, accompanied by several priorities for maximizing the economic, environmental, and cultural viability of New Ruralism-based farmland preserves.

  11. Moving Forward on Sustainable Energy Transitions: The Smart Rural Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Poggi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Among the different aspects that promote Sustainable Development, energy is a critical concern to meet the needs of present and future generations in a global-scale and long-term vision. Going beyond the emergence of local responses such as “Nearly Zero-Energy Buildings” or “Smart Cities” models, a more comprehensive view on sustainable energy planning, which involves urban and rural areas as an energetically balanced whole, has to be promoted. Central to this approach is the concept of transition which urges to be conceived in a broader and incremental change of society as pleaded by Rob Hopkins in Transition Towns. Spatial planning is able to manage the complex relationships between environment, economy and society and can represent the driver to implement integrated approaches and adaptive strategies towards the transition from “the actual fossil fuels system” to “a future net zero fossil fuels system”. This paper presents how such questions are being addressed and developed within the field of the doctoral thesis entitled “Smart Rural: energy efficiency and renewable energies in rural areas”. The interdisciplinary research design flow and expected results that support the Smart Rural model are presented in order to debate the thesis statement : “Can an integrated planning process for energy efficiency and renewable energies in rural areas, support the “Net-Zero Energy” balance at the municipal scale?” Keywords: Sustainable energy; transition towns; smart rural; energy efficiency; renewable energies; energy balance.

  12. Rural exposure during medical education and student preference for future practice location - a case of Botswana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonya Arscott-Mills

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Botswana’s medical school graduated its first class in 2014. Given the importance of attracting doctors to rural areas the school incorporated rural exposure throughout its curriculum. Aim: This study explored the impact of rural training on students’ attitudes towards rural practice.Setting: The University of Botswana family medicine rural training sites, Maun and Mahalapye.Methods: The study used a mixed-methods design. After rural family medicine rotations, third- and fifth-year students were invited to complete a questionnaire and semi-structured interview. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis.Results: The thirty-six participants’ age averaged 23 years and 48.6% were male. Thirtythree desired urban practice in a public institution or university. Rural training did not influence preferred future practice location. Most desired specialty training outside Botswana but planned to practice in Botswana. Professional stagnation, isolation, poorly functioning health facilities, dysfunctional referral systems, and perceived lack of learning opportunities were barriers to rural practice. Lack of recreation and poor infrastructure were personal barriers. Many appreciated the diversity of practice and supportive staff seen in rural practice. Several considered monetary compensation as an enticement for rural practice. Only those with a rural background perceived proximity to family as an incentive to rural practice.Conclusion: The majority of those interviewed plan to practice in urban Botswana, however, they did identify factors that, if addressed, may increase rural practice in the future. Establishing systems to facilitate professional development, strengthening specialists support, and deploying doctors near their home towns are strategies that may improve retention of doctors in rural areas.Keyords: rural health, student perceptions

  13. Rural exposure during medical education and student preference for future practice location - a case of Botswana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonya Arscott-Mills

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Botswana’s medical school graduated its first class in 2014. Given the importance of attracting doctors to rural areas the school incorporated rural exposure throughout its curriculum. Aim: This study explored the impact of rural training on students’ attitudes towards rural practice.Setting: The University of Botswana family medicine rural training sites, Maun and Mahalapye.Methods: The study used a mixed-methods design. After rural family medicine rotations, third- and fifth-year students were invited to complete a questionnaire and semi-structured interview. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis.Results: The thirty-six participants’ age averaged 23 years and 48.6% were male. Thirtythree desired urban practice in a public institution or university. Rural training did not influence preferred future practice location. Most desired specialty training outside Botswana but planned to practice in Botswana. Professional stagnation, isolation, poorly functioning health facilities, dysfunctional referral systems, and perceived lack of learning opportunities were barriers to rural practice. Lack of recreation and poor infrastructure were personal barriers. Many appreciated the diversity of practice and supportive staff seen in rural practice. Several considered monetary compensation as an enticement for rural practice. Only those with a rural background perceived proximity to family as an incentive to rural practice.Conclusion: The majority of those interviewed plan to practice in urban Botswana, however, they did identify factors that, if addressed, may increase rural practice in the future. Establishing systems to facilitate professional development, strengthening specialists support, and deploying doctors near their home towns are strategies that may improve retention of doctors in rural areas.Keyords: rural health, student perceptions

  14. Photovoltaic energy for rural decentralized electrification; L`energie photovoltaique pour l`electrification rurale decentralisee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diet, A.; Schmitt, A.; Soler, R. [Electricite de France (EDF), 92 - Clamart (France). Dept. Postes et Lignes; Marboeuf, G. [Electricite de France, 92 - Paris la Defense (France). Service International Distribution; Klein, B.; Pages, A. [Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France). Direction International

    1999-04-01

    What is at stake for the new coming century is to supply electricity and modernity to two billion of people in the rural areas of developing countries. To reach this goal it is necessary to organize the electrification of these countries. It means building electrification master plans and creating decentralized Services Companies. It is also necessary to ensure the quality of electrification systems using renewable energies. It is what the DRE Specifications written by EDF, ADEME and the French photovoltaic industry, are designed for. If these conditions are fulfilled, renewable energies seem to have a promising future in rural decentralized electrification. (authors)

  15. Urbanizing rural waters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hommes, Lena; Boelens, Rutgerd

    2017-01-01

    This article studies how urbanization processes and associated rural-urban water transfers in the Lima region (Peru) create water control hierarchies that align the municipal drinking water company, hydropower plants and rural communities on unequal positions. By scrutinizing the history of water tr

  16. Energy for rural India

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Urban, Frauke; Benders, René M.J.; Moll, Henri C.

    2009-01-01

    About 72 million households in rural India do not have access to electricity and rely primarily on traditional biofuels. This research investigates how rural electrification could be achieved in India using different energy sources and what the effects for climate change mitigation could be We use t

  17. Ad Hoc Rural Regionalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamin, Elisabeth M.; Marcucci, Daniel J.

    2008-01-01

    A new regionalism has been much documented and researched for metropolitan areas; this article documents that there is a new rural regionalism as well. In the United States, these groups appear most likely to emerge in areas that are challenged by outcomes characterizing globalization's effects on the rural condition: namely, exurban or…

  18. Urbanizing rural waters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hommes, Lena; Boelens, Rutgerd

    2017-01-01

    This article studies how urbanization processes and associated rural-urban water transfers in the Lima region (Peru) create water control hierarchies that align the municipal drinking water company, hydropower plants and rural communities on unequal positions. By scrutinizing the history of water tr

  19. Rural Credit in Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barslund, Mikkel Christoffer; Tarp, Finn

    This paper uses a survey of 932 rural households to uncover how the rural credit market operates in four provinces of Vietnam. Households obtain credit through formal and informal lenders, but formal loans are almost entirely for production and asset accumulation. Interest rates fell from 1997...... to credit policy is clearly inappropriate....

  20. RURAL TOURISM IN DOBRUDGEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena, SIMA

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The natural and anthropic tourism resources of a certain area generate specific tourism forms, which complete each other within the different destination categories.The rural area in Dobrudja has diversified tourism potential, provided by the contrast of natural environment factors, ranging from the oldest and to the youngest relief units, natural protected areas, spa resources and cultural, historical, religious sites, as well as multicultural local customs and traditions of the rural area. This potential can be used under various kinds in the rural area: cultural tourism, historical tourism, religious tourism, ecotourism, fishing tourism or bird-watching tourism, and other kinds of rural tourism. By linking these tourism resources and tourism forms, tourism routes can result, which together with the local customs, traditions and cuisine may contribute to the social and economic development of Dobrudja's rural area, through sustainable tourism as alternative to seasonal seashore tourism.

  1. The economics of the provision of rural transport services in developing countries

    OpenAIRE

    Ellis, S. D.

    1996-01-01

    Rural accessibility planning in developing countries over the last few decades has primarily focused on increasing rural communities access to rural roads. It has been considered that road building improves access to health, education, markets and employment opportunities, and hence promotes economic development. It is argued in this thesis that accessibility, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, has not improved to the desired extent because the problem of mobility, in terms of...

  2. A Metropolis Approach for Mesh Router Nodes placement in Rural Wireless Mesh Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Fendji, Jean Louis Ebongue Kedieng; Thron, Christopher; Nlong, Jean Michel

    2015-01-01

    Wireless mesh networks appear as an appealing solution to reduce the digital divide between rural and urban regions. However the placement of router nodes is still a critical issue when planning this type of network, especially in rural regions where we usually observe low density and sparse population. In this paper, we firstly provide a network model tied to rural regions by considering the area to cover as decomposed into a set of elementary areas which can be required or optional in terms...

  3. Enhancing the Motivation for Rural Career: The Collaboration between the Local Government and Medical School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seguchi, Masaru; Furuta, Noriko; Kobayashi, Seiji; Kato, Kazuhiro; Sasaki, Kouji; Hori, Hiroki; Okuno, Masataka

    2015-01-01

    The shortage of medical workforce in rural areas is a global long-standing problem. Due to the severity of shortages in the medical workforce, Mie prefectural government has collaborated with a medical school and the municipal governments to increase the rural medical workforce. Since 2010, this collaboration has led to an annual lecture series on rural practice for medical students. We distributed questionnaires at the beginning and end of the lecture series to examine the effect of this program. The questionnaire consisted of two parts that included an understanding of rural practice and the motivation to work in rural areas. The lecture series significantly improved the responses to the following questions "Rural practice is interesting" (p motivation of medical students and their interest in a rural career. While collaboration between the local government and medical school rarely occurs in planning medical education programs, this approach may offer a promising way to foster local health professionals.

  4. Application of Multi-Source Data Conversion in Spatial Planning of Rural Areas%多源数据转换及在村镇区域空间规划中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈一舞; 伍云芳

    2014-01-01

    Using the CASSConvert data exchange platform based on CASS, multi-source data is converted to generate the planning map, and is applied to the town planning of regional space.%利用基于南方CASS的数据转换平台CASSConvert,将多源数据转换生成规划地图,并应用于村镇区域空间规划。

  5. Spatial planning

    OpenAIRE

    Dimitrov, Nikola; Koteski, Cane

    2016-01-01

    The professional book ,, Space planning "processed chapters on: space, concept and definition of space, space as a system, spatial economics, economic essence of space, space planning, social determinants of spatial planning, spatial planning as a process, factors development and elements in spatial planning, methodology, components and content of spatial planning stages and types of preparation of spatial planning, spatial planning and industrialization, industrialization, urbanization and s...

  6. Spatial planning

    OpenAIRE

    Dimitrov, Nikola; Koteski, Cane

    2016-01-01

    The professional book ,, Space planning "processed chapters on: space, concept and definition of space, space as a system, spatial economics, economic essence of space, space planning, social determinants of spatial planning, spatial planning as a process, factors development and elements in spatial planning, methodology, components and content of spatial planning stages and types of preparation of spatial planning, spatial planning and industrialization, industrialization, urbanization and s...

  7. Impacts evaluation: recent experience in rural electrification; Avaliacao de impactos: experiencia recente em eletrificacao rural

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Marcio Giannini; Rodrigues, Alexia de Freitas; Paz, Luciana Rocha Leal da [Centro de Pesquisas de Energia Eletrica (CEPEL), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Camacho, Cristiane Farias [Fundacao Padre Leonel Franca (FPLF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The electric power is one of the important requirements for the promotion of the social inclusion and of the development, especially in rural areas. In order to fill out this gap, the Brazilian government established as a goal reaches the universalization of the public electric energy services to provide conditions for the improvement of the quality of life of the urban and rural population. In this sense, the evaluation of the recent experiences in rural electrification can be of great help to achieve this objective in an efficient way. The results of such evaluation can point out some actions for the universalization of the attendance seeking for the continuous improvement of the planning and decision making process, either in the direction of the attendance of the proposed goals or in the poverty mitigation. (author)

  8. Rural Literacy Issues in Alberta.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, James H.

    This paper reviews results of a questionnaire distributed to literacy workers in rural Alberta (Canada) to ascertain their views on rural literacy. The questionnaire was designed to identify: (1) distinctive features of the issue of adult illiteracy in rural areas; (2) the strengths of literacy efforts in rural Alberta; (3) the weaknesses of…

  9. Rural development as economic category

    OpenAIRE

    KOSTYRKO I.G.; GROMIAK T.D.

    2012-01-01

    Is conducted scientific analysis of such concepts as “steady development of village”, “development of rural territories”, “development of rural locality”, “rural development”, “steady economic development”, “economic relations”. Reasonably and the vision of determination of rural development is given from the economic point of view.

  10. Financial Literacy Skills of Students in Urban and Rural High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valentine, Gregory P.; Khayum, Mohammed

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the affect of various demographic and economic socialization factors on the results of a personal finance literacy quiz administered to rural and urban high school students in Indiana. Urban students had an average score of 50% on the quiz and rural students had a an average score of 51%. Planning to…

  11. 面向乡村度假游发展的小城镇总体规划实践——以福清市南岭镇为例%The master planning practice Based on rural tourism ——Taking the city of Fuqing in the town as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李寿涛

    2012-01-01

    福建是旅游大省,许多小城镇都拥有较高开发价值的旅游景观,在休闲旅游时代来临和全省推进试点城镇的背景下,这类小城镇表现出较强地发展诉求。但基于乡村旅游的小城镇,具有鲜明的自身特征,如人口季节波动性、设施超标准配置需求以及生态的脆弱性等,目前城镇的相关规范不足指导其规划编制。本文从福建南岭旅游小城镇总体规划实践出发,契合度假旅游和小城镇的特点,探讨面向度假旅游小城镇规划技术重点,希望为我省这一类小城镇规划编制提供有益的启发。%Fujian is a major tourism province, many small towns have high value for development of tourism landscape, tourism and leisure era and in the province to promote the pilot cities and towns under the background, this kind of small towns showed strong development appeal. But based on rural tourism small town, has its own characteristics, such as population, seasonal fluctuation, facilities of standard configuration needs and ecologi- cal vulnerability, at present town related standard insufficient guidance of planning. This article from the Fujian tourism small town master planning practice, FIT tourism and small town characteristic, discuss the holiday tourism small town planning technical focus, hope for our province this kind of town planning to provide beneficial inspiration.

  12. Level of Rural Development in Burdwan and Murshidabad Districts, West Bengal: A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syfujjaman Tarafder

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The key purpose of this research is to examine the level of attainment of rural development in the two districts—Burdwan and Murshidabad. The reasons for selecting these two districts stems from the fact that majority of the population of these two districts dwell in rural areas. The concept of rural development is comprehensive. It includes economic development of rural people through the development of productive sectors and employment associated with rural infrastructural development as well human development. Therefore, rural development includes in its domain all the aspects of human development of the rural people. The present Central as well as State Governments have undertaken different policies and plans to bring about positive changes amidst the rural people. In most cases, however, the policies and plans fail to achieve the desired level of changes in the rural areas (Desai, 1991. Although in fewer isolated cases, some success has been achieved, but overall development remains to be reached. This research, based mainly on secondary data aims to investigate the scale of progress in the two districts —Burdwan and Murshidabad of West Bengal, India, in the areas embracing social correlates of rural poverty, basic infrastructure facilities, standard of living and quality of life. The data are analysed with the help of statistical and cartographical analysis.

  13. The Investigation and Planning of Rural Tourism Resources in Xi'an%西安市乡村旅游资源调查与规划开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洁; 李同昇

    2011-01-01

    The rual tourism resources in Xi'an were comprehensively studied with national standards and the classification standards based on the characteristics of rural tourism. Through the investigation and statistical method, the rural tourism resources in Xi'an were evaluated, based on which the further development of those resources was studied. Finally, with Xi'an modern theme park and Yanxiang folk-custom village as typical cases, their tourism development was analyzed from meso-scale perspective.%用国家标准和基于乡村旅游特点的分类标准对西安市乡村旅游资源进行综合研究.通过调查并结合统计方法评价西安市乡村旅游资源,并以此为基础对西安市乡村旅游资源进行深度开发研究.最后,选取西安市现代主题公园和雁翔民俗文化村作为典型案例,从中观尺度上对这两种不同类型的乡村旅游开发案例进行分析.

  14. Rural pharmacy closures: implications for rural communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todd, Kelli; Ullrich, Fred; Mueller, Keith

    2013-01-01

    Retail pharmacies provide essential services to residents of rural areas and serve many communities as the sole provider of pharmacist services. Losing the only retail pharmacy within a rural community (census designated city), and within a 10 mile radius based on driving distance ("sole community pharmacy"), may affect access to prescription and over-the-counter drugs and, in some cases, leave the community without proximate access to any clinical provider. This policy brief documents the closure of local retail pharmacies in which the pharmacist was the only clinical provider available in the community at the time the pharmacy closed. Characteristics of the community and the retail pharmacy are described. The findings may suggest future policy actions to minimize the risk or mitigate the negative consequences of pharmacy closures. Key Findings. (1) Between May 1, 2006, and October 31, 2010, 119 sole community pharmacies closed. (2) Of those 119 pharmacies, 31 were located in rural communities with no other health professionals or clinical providers. (3) In 16 states, at least 1 community lost a sole community retail pharmacy, and there was no other pharmacy within 10 miles (actual driving distance). (4) Of the 31 pharmacy closures in communities with no other providers, 17% were located in remote rural areas designated with a Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCA) score of 10 or higher. Such a score means that, on average, 60 minutes of travel time is required to reach an urbanized area, and 40 minutes is required to reach a large urban cluster of 20,000 population or more.

  15. 7 CFR 1751.102 - Modernization Plan Developer; eligibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Modernization Plan Developer; eligibility. 1751.102 Section 1751.102 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES... State Telecommunications Modernization Plan § 1751.102 Modernization Plan Developer; eligibility....

  16. 7 CFR 634.23 - Water quality plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Water quality plan. 634.23 Section 634.23 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.23 Water quality plan. (a) The participant's water quality plan, developed with technical assistance by the NRCS or its...

  17. Informe rural 2006

    OpenAIRE

    César Falconi; Peter Pfaumann; Nicolás Mateo; Rocío González; Alejandra Palma; José Rente Nascimento; Mark D. Wenner; María Eugenia Kyburz

    2007-01-01

    Esta edición del Informe Rural contiene siete artículos: La influenza aviar y el sector avícola de América Latina, Biocombustibles y oportunidades para el desarrollo rural, Enfoques sectoriales amplios en desarrollo rural: ¿instrumento viable para mejorar el impacto de la cooperación internacional?, Financiamiento de las cadenas agroalimentarias de valor, Cómo mejorar el clima para los negocios forestales, Avances en el Fondo Regional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (FONTAGRO) y Financiamiento rur...

  18. Changing Rural Paradigms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høst, Jeppe Engset

    2016-01-01

    paradigm” (OECD 2006) and its implications for ethnological scholars and practitioners of today. In the “new rural paradigm”, bottom-up processes, “place-bound” cultural and historical values are highlighted as essential to local development. This of course empowers the ethnologists, but also put us...... in a position at the very centre of a commodification of “the rural” and rural communities. The article therefore concludes with a discussion of currents trends in regional and rural development and the...

  19. A study on the influence of introducing the community concept to county settlement system planning——The case of the urban-rural integration planning in Yan'an city Yanchang county%社区概念引入对县域居民点体系规划影响研究——以延安市延长县城乡一体化规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘冬; 李志民; 王欣

    2013-01-01

    基于延安市延长县城乡居民点体系现状特征的定量化与定型化分析与梳理,通过“社区”概念的引入,从空间布局、规模、结构及规划方法四个方面,构建县域城乡居民点的框架体系,以为解决城市居民点面临的人口过度膨胀、用地紧张、交通拥挤以及削弱农村居民点出现的空心村与空巢化、重复建设与无效建设、基础设施与公共服务设施配套落后等问题,提供可以借鉴的规划范式,并为构建具有陕北地域特色的城乡居民点体系提供参考.%Based on the quantitative and stereotypical analysis and comb of urban-rural settlement system characteristics in Yanchang county, the urban-rural residence is reconstructed with its space layout, scale, structure and planning method by introducing the "community". The study provided the planning paradigms to solve the over population expansion, land tension, the traffic congestion of the urban residential areas and weaken the hollow village, empty nest, repetitive construction, invalid construction, infrastructure, public service facilities in the rural residential areas, It also, provided a reference to the construction of urban-rural residential areas with geographical features in Northern Shaanxi.

  20. Attracting and retaining health workers in rural areas: investigating nurses’ views on rural posts and policy interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goodman Catherine

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Kenya has bold plans for scaling up priority interventions nationwide, but faces major human resource challenges, with a lack of skilled workers especially in the most disadvantaged rural areas. Methods We investigated reasons for poor recruitment and retention in rural areas and potential policy interventions through quantitative and qualitative data collection with nursing trainees. We interviewed 345 trainees from four purposively selected Medical Training Colleges (MTCs (166 pre-service and 179 upgrading trainees with prior work experience. Each interviewee completed a self-administered questionnaire including likert scale responses to statements about rural areas and interventions, and focus group discussions (FGDs were conducted at each MTC. Results Likert scale responses indicated mixed perceptions of both living and working in rural areas, with a range of positive, negative and indifferent views expressed on average across different statements. The analysis showed that attitudes to working in rural areas were significantly positively affected by being older, but negatively affected by being an upgrading student. Attitudes to living in rural areas were significantly positively affected by being a student at the MTC furthest from Nairobi. During FGDs trainees raised both positive and negative aspects of rural life. Positive aspects included lower costs of living and more autonomy at work. Negative issues included poor infrastructure, inadequate education facilities and opportunities, higher workloads, and inadequate supplies and supervision. Particular concern was expressed about working in communities dominated by other tribes, reflecting Kenya’s recent election-related violence. Quantitative and qualitative data indicated that students believed several strategies could improve rural recruitment and retention, with particular emphasis on substantial rural allowances and the ability to choose their rural location

  1. Institutional determiners of rural entrepreneurship development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.V. Usyuk

    2013-12-01

    -regression model and poll results. Analyzing the parameters of correlation-regression model it was determined that business economic situation 80,3% depends on these institutional determinants and 19,7% on other undetermined factors. When planning and implementing innovative technologies, rural entrepreneurs must also take into account the effect of such factors as legal government innovation, the amount of transaction costs, «the rules of the game» in the market, as well as, the formation of company financial and credit supply. The author found the major reserves for business improvement that mark the reduction of negative impact of government institutions. Conclusions and directions of further researches. Thus, the implementation of highlighted methodological approaches to estimating the impact of institutional determinants of rural entrepreneurship development allowed conducting a comprehensive analysis of the major problems in operation. The research results prove that the most favorable determinants of economic impact on state businesses should be considered the transaction cost reduction, proper legislation and support of rural entrepreneurs from the state. The prospects for future research should be oriented towards finding a reasonable institutional mechanism that will improve the efficiency of business activities in rural areas. The development of the innovation management methods of rural entrepreneurship structures will balance the effect of institutional «traps».

  2. Annual health promotion programmes in remote rural Sabah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naing Oo Tha

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Health promotion programmes in remote rural areas are conducted annually in Sabah, Malaysia by Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University Malaysia Sabah. *Objectives* - To understand the concepts and principles of health promotion, to acquire knowledge and skills relevant to the assessment of the community diagnosis by using qualitative and quantitative approaches, to identify the limitation and issues of health promotion and its solution, to formulate the strategic plan and able to conduct the health promotion programme, to empower the rural community to improve rural health through health promotion activities. *Targeted population* is remote rural community. *Stake holders engaged* are UMS, medical and nursing students, local health authorities and rural community. *Methods* - Students were trained by series of lectures for health promotion concepts, approaches and activities and exposed to rural areas in Sabah and conducted practical health promotion programs annually. Students helped empowering the local community to improve their health with multi-approaches Health promotion methods under supervision of a lecturer. Medical and nursing students conducted health promotion programme together in 2 weeks duration . Health and health related problems were identified in selected rural villages .Various types of health promotion activities were conducted in prevention of communicable disease and non-communicable diseases.*Sustainability* - By having sustainable financing , cooperation from stake holders and strong commitment from faculty leadership and team members ,the annual health promotion programmes are conducted effectively in the rural community in Sabah. Although the impact of these health promotion activities cannot be seen in short duration, health issues in the rural community were explained by the students and advise them with causes, risk factors and precautions which would be useful in reducing the occurrence of common health

  3. Computer supported reconnaissance planning: implementing a planning methodology with a Geographical Information System in Noord-Brabant, The Netherlands.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eweg, R.

    1994-01-01

    GoalOne of the themes of the research at the Department of Physical Planning and Rural Development in Wageningen Agricultural University is the planning within the field of tension between sustainability and flexibility. This research has resulted in a method called the 'reconnaissance planning appr

  4. Rural-urban Migration, Rural Household Income and Sustainable Development in Rural Areas of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu Qi; Yang Chunyue; Li Juan

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to investigate the rela-tionships among rural-urban migration, rural household income and sustainable development in rural areas of China. The typical case study is done and 288 questionnaires are collected from five villages in Hebei and Guangxi provinces, China. The migration and remittance status, household income and sustainable devel-opment of rural areas are analyzed on the basis of questionnaires. Rural-urban migration is becoming a part of routine life in rural areas. And remittance is an important component in rural house-hold income. Rural-urban migration increases the arable land area per labor, which releases the tight human-land relationship in villages. In total, the migration increases the rural household in-come and accelerates the sustainable development of rural areas.

  5. Pavement Performance Index for Indian rural roads

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhay Tawalare

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The performance of a road is evaluated from time to time so as to improve its quality and helps in planning maintenance of roads. For this purpose various pavement deteriorating models as a decision tool are available. But they are not easy to use for field engineers due to either huge past data requirement or complicated calculations. Therefore, this paper presents a Pavement Performance Index for rural roads by using simple methodology. The distress parameters of rural roads were identified through literature review. Similarly rating criteria for each distress parameters were identified through literature. For final selection of distress parameters in context of Indian rural road, opinions of five highly experienced industrial experts were taken. After that the weightage for severity of each parameter causing distress of pavement is calculated by using data of questionnaire survey in which 117 professionals working in Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana across the country were participated. The paper suggests a formula to decide Pavement Performance Index that depends on rating criterion and severity weightage of distress parameters of pavement performance. The study concluded that suggested Pavement Performance Index makes calculations easy for field engineers and will be useful to decide priority list of rural roads for repair and maintenance schedule.

  6. Mozambique - Rural Water Supply

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — This report provides the results from (1) an impact evaluation of the MCA's Rural Water Point Implementation Program ('RWPIP') in Nampula and (2) an evaluation of...

  7. Rural Veterans by State

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — This speadsheet contains data from the 2014 American Community Survey and shows the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of Veterans who live in rural and...

  8. Innovating for Rural Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Dorthe

    is that policies, agricultural research and extension should pay attention to these financial structural aspects, since they regulate the extent of ‘public good extension services’ like rural development services and ‘innovation intermediation’ in Danish agricultural extension agencies. The capacity differs among...... the individual agencies and among individual agents. There are agencies that financially invest in rural development service, including in innovation intermediation. On the other hand, there are agencies where the presence of rural development service is merely as a formal structure, possibly to signal...... interactions, by exploring the perspective of the participants; and the paper also seeks to understand possible constraining or supportive extension aspects at play. Paper 3 examines how the apparent change effort: ‘rural development service’ is reflected in the management strategies of individual agricultural...

  9. "Ruralizing" Presidential Job Advertisements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leist, Jay

    2007-01-01

    Rural community college presidential job advertisements that focus on geography, politics, and culture can improve the likelihood of a good fit between the senior leader and the institution. (Contains 2 figures.)

  10. Tourism in Rural Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIHAI IELENICZ

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Rural tourism is now determined by limited economic opportunities, poor infrastructure, low motivation to possible offers, lack of proper service guarantees. Nearly 500 Romanian villages are already tourist locations, with certain characteristics determined by a heritage item, or complex ones when multiple components lead to various activities. This paper includes a typology of tourist villages in Romania according to the types of practiced tourist activities, insisting on the use of a more comprehensive terminology: tourism in rural environment, participative and creative tourism in rural areas. Tourism becomes a system accepted in the rural environment as a real opportunity for economic development with multiple social consequences. By multiplying tourism potential to meet tourists’ demands, many villages will get tourism valences with various activities in this filed, including environment protection.

  11. "Ruralizing" Presidential Job Advertisements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leist, Jay

    2007-01-01

    Rural community college presidential job advertisements that focus on geography, politics, and culture can improve the likelihood of a good fit between the senior leader and the institution. (Contains 2 figures.)

  12. Medicaid and Rural Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... programs. How does Medicaid impact rural healthcare and the economy? In many ways, Medicaid plays a larger role ... supporting the social services infrastructure; and contributing to the economy through revenue and jobs it generates.” Findings in ...

  13. Rural Health Clinics (RHCs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... rural healthcare organizations attract healthcare providers by posting job opportunities online by state. Candidates who are interested in ... areas may register with 3RNet to search for job opportunities. The National Health Service Corps (NHSC) provides scholarships ...

  14. Awareness, Practice, and Predictors of Family Planning by Pregnant ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Awareness, Practice, and Predictors of Family Planning by Pregnant Women Attending a Tertiary Hospital in a Semi-rural Community of North-West Nigeria. ... Background: Nigeria's maternal and perinatal health status is still among the ...

  15. 蒂伯特模型和分区与村镇土地利用规划管理理念的突破%Tiebout Model, Zoning and Breakthrough of Management Ideas of Rural and Town Land Use Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鹏; 高波

    2012-01-01

    Traditional land use planning emphasize the assignment of land use in the future and ignores some pivotal traits of the land use planning. It is necessary to break through traditional concepts of land use planning under the guidance of Tiebout model and zoning theory, that is, one of the key points in the planning should be changed from restraining development to sufficient supply of public products, the perspective should transfer from simple departmental and professional planning to synthetic planning that inosculate financial department, and the principle of planning-making should transfer from centralization to decentralization. Traditional mode of thinking must convert from plan to market. Not only is it necessary for land use planners to open up their perspectives, but it is stringent for central government to assign more authority to local government and innovate the present financial institutions.%传统的村镇土地利用规划注重对未来土地利用的组织,这种理念体现了政府对土地利用的干预而忽略了土地利用规划的另外一些重要的特性.在蒂伯特模型和分区理论的指导下,传统的土地规划理念亟待突破:村镇土地利用规划的重心之一要从限制发展转向公共产品的充分供给;视角要从单纯的部门专业规划转向融合财政税收等部门的综合性规划;制定要从集权化走向分权化.传统的土地利用规划需要从计划思维转向市场思维,大胆突破规划理念,而这不仅需要土地利用规划的专业人士以更加开阔的视野对待规划本身,还需要中央政府实行更加分权化的土地利用规划制定政策和改革财政税收等体制予以配合.

  16. 遥感技术服务城乡规划应用实践%Application and Practice of Remote Sensing Technology in Services of Urban and Rural Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄华

    2013-01-01

    This paper carries out the analysis regarding the remote sensing technology in the application of urban planning and elaborates the practical application of the remote sensing in the target investigation statistics of city geography information as well as in the dynamic monitoring of urban planning.%对于遥感技术在城市规划中的应用进行了分析,论述了遥感在城市地理信息指标调查统计以及城市规划建设动态监测中的实际应用.

  17. producto turismo rural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanca García Henche

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El turismo rural lleva un largo periodo establecido en Europa, pero en los últimos años crece su importancia ya que supone un nuevo producto turístico y una fuente de ingresos para la economía rural. Actualmente, los turistas buscan experiencias distintas al tradicional turismo de sol y playa, prefieren un turismo más individualizado y flexible, buscan nuevas formas de alojamiento y muestran un interés creciente por el contacto con la naturaleza. La oferta turística rural ha de adaptarse a las exigencias de esta demanda, lo que implica más flexibilidad y alojamientos y pueblos adaptados a las necesidades emergentes. Se ha de definir el turismo rural como una alternativa de adaptación a los cambios en las necesidades de los consumidores. El presente documento muestra los componentes del turismo rural. Los recursos turísticos son la materia prima, a la que se ha de añadir los servicios. Estos servicios pueden ser básicos o complementarios. Además de los servicios hay que añadir las actividades complementarias e infraestructuras No hay duda de que el turismo rural puede beneficiarse de la aplicación del marketing. El marketing implica entender qué es lo que los consumidores desean y crear productos para satisfacer sus necesidades, además de comercializar el producto correctamente.

  18. A GIS-based research on the distribution of rural settlements in Yulin of northern Shaanxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The development and distribution pattern of rural settlements was greatly limited by their natural and social environment. Taking Yulin prefecture in northern Shaanxi's Loess Plateau area as an example, 1:250,000 map-scale national geographical database as a major information source, a GIS-based research was conducted to investigate the spatial distribution of the rural settlements. In this paper, many significant characteristics of the rural settlement distribution are reviewed by means of a series of GIS-based information processing methodology. The results obtained in this study should be helpful for the urban and rural settlements reconstruction planning in this area.

  19. Photovoltaics provide electricity to rural communities in the Philippines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    Almost a million rural households in the Visayas region of the Philippines have no electrical power. Solar Resources Inc of Wilmington, Massachusetts has entered into a joint venture with three Philippine companies to install and monitor 18 residential photovoltaic demonstration systems to provide electricity to rural families for lighting and radio or television. The joint venture plans to install 2,000 more systems over the next 16 months. Members of rural Philippine electric co-operatives were trained to provide regular maintenance and it is planned that several of the system components will be sourced or manufactured in the Philippines. Most of the system components will be rented to the Philippine families for a monthly fee. To promote self-maintenance, each family will own its system battery. (UK)

  20. Planning Lessons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Linda Jensen

    2007-01-01

    @@ Jensen's "Lesson Planning"article serves aS a guide fOr novice teachers who need to create formalized lesson plans.The article covers why,when,and how teachers plan lessons,as well aS basic lesson plan principles and a lesson plan template.

  1. Análise da importância da utilização do orçamento e do planejamento estratégico como ferramenta de controle na atividade rural = Analysis of the importance of the use of the budget and the strategic planning as tool of control in the agricultural business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lizandra Blaas dos Santos

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem por objetivo geral verificar a importância da utilização do orçamento aliado ao Planejamento Estratégico, como ferramenta de controle e como forma de minimizar riscos oriundos das oscilações do mercado, a fim de alcançar resultados cada vez mais proveitosos. Trata-se de um estudo de caso de natureza formal, com objetivos descritivos, realizado numa empresa que explora a atividade rural no Rio Grande do Sul, a qual compreende a cultura de soja, sendo projetados os exercícios de 2010 a 2013. Nesse período, foram elaborados e analisados vários orçamentos até a mensuração total das informações no orçamento de caixa, demonstrando-se a saúde financeira da empresa em cada período. Neste sentido, verificou-se também a necessidade do acompanhamento e controle do orçamento periódico, visto que em tempo hábil é possível redirecionar metas e objetivos, de forma a preservar a liquidez da empresa. Por meio do método dedutivo e abordagem qualitativa, trata-se de uma análise perspicaz para a atualidade, em que pouco se relata sobre o orçamento e o planejamento estratégico no segmento da atividade rural. Sendo assim, este estudo faz menção àimportância de sua utilização e as consequências benéficas que pode trazer à empresa. This study aims to verify the importance of using a budget coupled with strategic planning as atool of control and a way of minimizing risks from fluctuations in the market so as to achieve more fruitful results. This is a case study of a formal nature, with descriptive goals, held in a company which explores the rural activity in Rio Grande do Sul, including the culture of soybean. It presents a projection for the financial years from 2010 to 2013. During this period, various budgets were made and analyzed so as to provide the full measure of information in the cash budget and present the company’s financial health in each period. In this sense, there was also a need to monitor and

  2. Workforce issues in rural surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynge, Dana Christian; Larson, Eric H

    2009-12-01

    Almost one quarter of America's population and one third of its landmass are defined as rural and served by approximately 20% of the nation's general surgeons. General surgeons are the backbone of the rural health workforce. There is significant maldistribution of general surgeons across regions and different types of rural areas. Rural areas have markedly fewer surgeons per population than the national average. The demography of the rural general surgery workforce differs substantially from the urban general surgery workforce, raising concerns about the extent to which general surgical services can be maintained in rural areas of the United States.

  3. Processes of enlightenment : farmer initiatives in rural development in China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ye Jingzhong,

    2002-01-01

    This research concerns development initiatives in rural communities. I define a farmer initiative as the impetus that sufficiently and necessarily drives a farmer (or group of farmers) to formulate a realistic strategic plan, and to implement it in an attempt to create space for manoeuvre and to pur

  4. Processes of enlightenment : farmer initiatives in rural development in China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ye, J.

    2002-01-01

    This research concerns development initiatives in rural communities. I define a farmer initiative as the impetus that sufficiently and necessarily drives a farmer (or group of farmers) to formulate a realistic strategic plan, and to implement it in an

  5. Higher Prices, Fewer Choices: Shopping for Food in Rural America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Patricia McGrath

    The Food Stamp Program is the U.S. government's primary program to prevent the rural poor from going hungry. Food stamp allotments are set each year based on the cost of the "Thrifty Food Plan" (TFP), a minimally adequate diet defined by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), which sets costs by examining average food prices in urban…

  6. The Politics of Rural School Reform: Escuela Nueva in Colombia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEwan, Patrick J.; Benveniste, Luis

    2001-01-01

    Traces evolution of rural-school education plan in Colombia (Escuela Nueva), focusing on importance of Colombia's changing political and social climate in policy development. Identifies three phases of reform development and implementation: grassroots, formalized, and decoupled. Uses Escuela Nueva to demonstrate importance of recognizing dynamic,…

  7. Reviewing disease burden among rural Indian women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramanakumar AV

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available The disease burden of rural Indian women is reviewed by utilizing the data from the 'Survey of Causes of Death (rural' annual reports of Registrar General of India supplemented with National family health survey (NFHS-II. The review indicates that bronchitis and asthma are the leading causes while prematurity and heart attacks are second and third respectively. Most of the maternal deaths are concentrated in the age group 20-24 and bleeding is the main cause of maternal death. Tuberculosis of the lungs, malaria and burns are also important causes of death in the early reproductive ages. Rate of suicide, burn, and anaemia diminishes with age. Though nationwide health plans have succeeded in reducing the fatality of women's diseases to a entrain extent, there is however, a great need for improved and effective area-specific health programs to achieve the desired goals.

  8. The forecast scenario of rural territories infrastructure development (on the example of the Volga federal district

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valery Nikolaevich Zekin

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The authors’ point of view at the forecast of rural territories infrastructure development in Permskiy krai, Udmurtia and Kirovskaya Oblast by considering of innovative technology implementation is given in this paper. The improvement of rural people life conditions has been planned on the basis of this research. The indexes for life quality of rural people assessment were determined. The main ways for their increasing were defined. An important role in this process belongs to the small innovative enterprises, which develop new technologies and forward them to rural enterprises. It reduces risks because of their implementation and promotes the sustainable development of rural territories. It is planned that on the basis of the authors’ method of innovations application, the subsidized regions using their potential will sell their products on the external market of countries accessed to WTO and thereby will provide population with employment and increase its standard of living.

  9. Pedagogy for rural health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Stephen J

    2011-04-01

    As the body of literature on rural health has grown, the need to develop a unifying theoretical framework has become more apparent. There are many different ways of seeing the same phenomenon, depending on the assumptions we make and the perspective we choose. A conceptual and theoretical basis for the education of health professionals in rural health has not yet been described. This paper examines a number of theoretical frameworks that have been used in the rural health discourse and aims to identify relevant theory that originates from an educational paradigm. The experience of students in rural health is described phenomenologically in terms of two complementary perspectives, using a geographic basis on the one hand, and a developmental viewpoint on the other. The educational features and implications of these perspectives are drawn out. The concept of a 'pedagogy of place' recognizes the importance of the context of learning and allows the uniqueness of a local community to integrate learning at all levels. The theory of critical pedagogy is also found relevant to education for rural health, which would ideally produce 'transformative' graduates who understand the privilege of their position, and who are capable of and committed to engaging in the struggles for equity and justice, both within their practices as well as in the wider society. It is proposed that a 'critical pedagogy of place,' which gives due acknowledgement to local peculiarities and strengths, while situating this within a wider framework of the political, social and economic disparities that impact on the health of rural people, is an appropriate theoretical basis for a distinct rural pedagogy in the health sciences.

  10. Towards Urban-Rural Integrated Social Policy System Building:Based on the Experience of Zhejiang Province during the Eleventh Five-Year Plan Period%走向城乡一体化的社会政策体系建设——以“十一五”时期的浙江经验为研究对象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何子英

    2012-01-01

    Urban-rural integration is the basic orientation of and breakthrough point for social policy system building in contemporary China. During the Eleventh Five-year Plan period, Zhejiang government built a comprehensive urban-rural integrated social policy system by purposely coordinating economic and social development, gradually increasing social spending, actively coming up with new social policy ideas and improving public service capacity. However, the system still lacked universalism, welfare, justice and integration. Zhejiang's experience suggests that the Chinese government should try its best to build a more reasonable social policy system by doing the following: a) establishing the development idea of "equally emphasizing social development and economic growth" ; b) redesigning intergoverumental fiscal relationships and division of duties, as well as the performance appraisal systems for local governments and cadres; c) expediting urban-rural integrated social policy innovations and public finance system reforms in order to build a social policy system based on civil rights and improve social welfare.%城乡一体化是当代中国社会政策体系建设的基本方向和创新突破口。"十一五"时期,浙江省不断加大社会建设投入、积极创新社会政策、大力提高公共服务能力,初步建立起一个项目比较完备、城乡一体化程度较高的社会政策体系,但仍存在福利性、公平性和体系性的不足。浙江经验表明,推进我国社会政策体系建设向更高水平发展,必须以"城乡一体化"的社会政策创新、民生导向的公共财政体制改革以及优化调整政府间职责分工与财政分配关系为突破口,加快构建基于公民权利的社会政策体系,最终实现社会政策的制度统一并不断提高社会福利水平。

  11. Language Planning: Corpus Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldauf, Richard B., Jr.

    1989-01-01

    Focuses on the historical and sociolinguistic studies that illuminate corpus planning processes. These processes are broken down and discussed under two categories: those related to the establishment of norms, referred to as codification, and those related to the extension of the linguistic functions of language, referred to as elaboration. (60…

  12. Medical graduates becoming rural doctors: rural background versus extended rural placement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Tyler R; Freedman, Saul B; Croft, Amanda J; Dalton, Hazel E; Luscombe, Georgina M; Brown, Anthony M; Tiller, David J; Frommer, Michael S

    2013-12-16

    To determine whether recruitment of rural students and uptake of extended rural placements are associated with students' expressed intentions to undertake rural internships and students' acceptance of rural internships after finishing medical school, and to compare any associations. Longitudinal study of three successive cohorts (commencing 2005, 2006, 2007) of medical students in the Sydney Medical Program (SMP), University of Sydney, New South Wales, using responses to self-administered questionnaires upon entry to and exit from the Sydney Medical School and data recorded in rolls. Students' expressed intentions to undertake rural internships, and their acceptance of rural internships after finishing medical school. Data from 448 students were included. The proportion of students preferring a rural career dropped from 20.7% (79/382) to 12.5% (54/433) between entry into and exit from the SMP. A total of 98 students took extended rural placements. Ultimately, 8.1% (35/434) accepted a rural internship, although 14.5% (60/415) had indicated a first preference for a rural post. Students who had undertaken an extended rural placement were more than three times as likely as those with rural backgrounds to express a first preference for a rural internship (23.9% v 7.7%; χ(2) = 7.04; P = 0.008) and more than twice as likely to accept a rural internship (21.3% v 9.9%; χ(2) = 3.85; P = 0.05). For the three cohorts studied, rural clinical training through extended placements in rural clinical schools had a stronger association than rural background with a preference for, and acceptance of, rural internship.

  13. Urban/rural interface: Governing the chaos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, António

    2016-04-01

    Cities have become recently the home for more than half of the world's population. Cities are often seen as ecological systems just a short step away from collapse [Newman 2006]. Being a human construction, cities disrupt the natural cycles and the patterns of temporal and spatial distribution of environmental and ecological processes. Urbanization produces ruptures in biota, water, energy and nutrients connectivity that can lead to an enhanced exposure to disruptive events that hamper the wellbeing and the resilience of urban communities in a global change context. An important issue in what concerns urban sprawl is the interface between the urban and the rural territories. Being an extremely dynamic landscape, and assuring some quality of life and buffering some of the pervasive negative impacts of urban areas in terms of disrupting the function of the natural ecosystems, in limit situations this interface can act as a conveyor belt of catastrophic events originated in the rural world, into the urban space. The Coimbra 2005 wildfire is a fine example of how a poorly managed urban/rural interface can put populations in danger, by allowing the fire to spread towards the urban green infrastructure, burning houses in the process. Major river flows that flood urban areas are also good examples of the lack of management and planning can result in the loss of assets and even put in danger human lives. This presentation reviews the impact of extreme events and the transmission from the urban to the rural worlds, but also from the rural to the urban territories, and establishes the need to govern risk at various levels and using the full range of governance tools.

  14. Aplicando un sistema de información geográfica para la generación del plan regulador del área urbana de la Parroquia Rural Malacatos del Cantón Loja

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    A regulatory plan for urban development allows us to guide, control, regulate and prevent on time the diverse problems, which are products of a chaotic process of urban growth. The corresponding administration of the city, articulating their needs and tasks for an appropriate commitment, supporting a decision making process that encounters for the needs of changes to be made, by structuring a procedure that accounts for adequate funding and monitoring of the results, to accomplish a successfu...

  15. Countermeasures for Intensive Use of Land from the Perspective of Urban-Rural Integration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes problems of excessive emphasis on expansion of urban land,improper village and town construction,and low land utilization efficiency in urban-rural integration construction.In line with characteristics and principle of intensive land use of urban-rural integration,it puts forward integration of urban-rural land layout,practically exploring connotation,and improving land intensification in many ways.Based on these,it presents countermeasures for intensive use of land from the perspective of urban-rural integration,including stressing function of overall planning of land use in integration and control of urban-rural regional development,raising population,ecological and economic bearing capacity of land on the condition of protecting arable land and focusing on intensive use of land,and promoting healthy,sustainable and coordinated development of industrialization,urbanization and urban-rural integration.

  16. Old-Age Support in Rural China:An Empirical Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiJianxin; YuXuejun; WangGuangzhou; LiuHongyan

    2003-01-01

    Census data of 2000 indicated that the Chinese population aged 65 and over had accounted for 7% of the total population. In urban areas, in particular, that ratio was 6.30% and in rural areas, it was 7.35%. On average, China had entered an aging society. In recent years, old-age support in rural China has caught the attention of government officials and scholars alike. This is because rural households have undergone drastic transformation in size and structure as a result of the enforcement of the family planning policy. Coupled with the urbanization process andmassive migration of rural laborers into cities, the aging process in rural China has accelerated,challenging the traditional pattern of old-age support in rural China.

  17. Rural Science Education Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Intress, C. [New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1994-12-31

    The Rural Science Education Project is an outreach program of the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science with the goal of helping rural elementary schools improve science teaching and learning by using local natural environmental resources. This program is based on the assumption that rural schools, so often described as disadvantaged in terms of curricular resources, actually provide a science teaching advantage because of their locale. The natural environment of mountains, forests, ponds, desert, or fields offers a context for the study of scientific concepts and skills that appeals to many youngsters. To tap these resources, teachers need access to knowledge about the rural school locality`s natural history. Through a process of active participation in school-based workshops and field site studies, teachers observe and learn about the native flora, fauna, geology, and paleontology of their community. In addition, they are exposed to instructional strategies, activities, and provided with materials which foster experimential learning. This school-museum partnership, now in its fifth year, has aided more than 800 rural teachers` on-going professional development. These educators have, in turn, enhanced science education throughout New Mexico for more than 25,000 students.

  18. Technology Application and Idea of Low Carbon Urban-rural Planning in Mega Cities%特大城市"低碳"城乡规划的思路与技术应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何梅; 汪云; 潘聪

    2011-01-01

    High density population and high speed urban development entails “high carbon” threshold in big cities. Urban planning in metropolis should incorporate low carbon concept and establishes low carbon spatial layout with technical support. The plan of Wuhan metropolitan area uses permeation theory, CA model, carbon-oxygen balance analysis, GIS land use suitability analysis, provides a reference for low carbon planning theory and practice.%高度聚集的城镇人口、高速发展的城市建设和急剧拓展的城镇空间使特大城市在发展过程中面临"高碳"瓶颈.特大城市的城乡规划亟待充分融入低碳理念,以"低碳"城乡规划构建"低碳"城市空间发展格局,并辅以相应的"低碳"技术方法作为支撑.武汉都市发展区的"低碳"城乡规划采用了逾渗理论、CA模型、碳氧平衡分析、GIS用地适宜性分析等相关技术方法,为"低碳"城乡规划理论研究与实践提供了思路与方法.

  19. 德国适应气候变化与保护气候的城市规划发展实践%Adaptive Urban Rural Planning Development For Climate Change And Protection In Germany

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏薇; 秦洛峰

    2012-01-01

    Global climate change Is an imperative issue which requires urban planning response. In Germany, planners establishes climate change zoning model, studies a series of climate adaptive development strategies, makes climate adaptive regional and city planning, which includes encouraging public, pedestrian, and bicycle transportation, advocating land saving neighborhood structure, climate protective layout and site choice. These can be references for China's urban planning development.%全球气候变化正在成为当前世界最紧迫的环境问题,城市规划对减弱气候变化影响和保护气候具有决定意义.德国为应对气候变化,从构建气候变化区域模型入手,探讨了一系列气候适应性发展策略,开展了气候适应性区域规划和城市规划实践,如减少交通出行,鼓励公共交通、步行和自行车交通,倡导节约用地的居住区结构及有利于气候保护的功能布局和建设用地选址,为我国气候适应性规划提供了借鉴.

  20. Agriculture and Rurality: Beginning the "Final Separation"?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedland, William H.

    2002-01-01

    When is a farm a farm? When is rural rural? Has the issue of the rural-urban continuum returned? Decades ago rural sociology worked itself into two blind alleys: rural-urban differences and attempts to define the rural-urban fringe. Although these conceptual problems eventually were exhausted, recent developments in California raise the…

  1. Researching Rural Places: On Social Justice and Rural Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Philip; Green, Bill

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores some of the political and methodological challenges involved in researching rural education. It begins by outlining the situation in Australia regarding the relationship between social justice and rural education. It first describes the disadvantages experienced by many rural communities and presents an analysis of rural…

  2. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation (RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra

  3. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providin gquality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in

  4. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools

  5. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in

  6. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation(RDF),founded in1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providingquality education for underprivileged rural children.RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in

  7. A guide to understanding the variation in premiums in rural health insurance marketplaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Abigail R; McBride, Timothy D; Kemper, Leah M; Mueller, Keith

    2014-05-01

    Key Findings. (1) State-level decisions in implementing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA) have led to significant state variation in the design of Health Insurance Marketplace (HIM) rating areas. In some designs, rural counties are grouped together, while in others, rural and urban counties have been deliberately mixed. (2) Urban counties have, on average, approximately one more firm participating in the marketplaces, representing about 11 more plan offerings, than rural counties have. (3) The highest-valued "platinum" plan types are less likely to be available in rural areas. Thus, the overall mix of plan types should be factored into the reporting of average premiums. (4) Levels of competition are likely to have a greater impact on the decisions of firms considering whether to operate in higher-cost areas or not, as those firms must determine how they can pass such costs on to consumers, conditional on the market share they are likely to control.

  8. Organizing Rural Health Care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bunkenborg, Mikkel

    2012-01-01

    The liberalization of health care in the course of three decades of ‘reform and opening up’ has given people in rural China access to a diverse range of treatment options, but the health care system has also been marred by accusations of price hikes, fake pharmaceuticals, and medical malpractice....... This chapter offers an ethnographic description of health as an issue in a Hebei township and it focuses on a popular and a statist response to the perceived inadequacy of the rural health care system. The revival of religious practices in rural China is obviously motivated by many factors, but in the township...... in question, various forms of healing play a significant role in religious movements and the rising cost of medical services as well as a general distrust of formal medical institutions seem to be part of the reason why people choose to follow spirit mediums and religious movements that offer alternative...

  9. Family planning Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singarimbun, M

    1968-06-01

    The growth of family planning activities in Indonesia in the Postwar period is traced; and future prospects for family planning are assessed. Transmigration projects initiated by the Dutch and supported by President Sukarno after Indonesian independence as a means of decreasing population pressure on the island of Java, are identified as the only official response to the population problem until 1965. In the face of the government's opposition to the idea of birth control as a population control measure, the activities of the Indonesian Planned Parenthood Association (IPPA) after its founding in 1957 were limited to advising mothers on spacing of their children for health reasons. Statements made in support of a national family planning program by government officials at a 1967 IPPA Congress and on other occasions are noted. The major components of an approved national family planning program to start in 1969 are described. However, the government's policy as of late 1967 and early 1968 is characterized as one of mainly benevolent encouragement and help to voluntary organizations. The chief impediment to family planning in Indonesia is said to be a lack of motivation and the force of traditional values that favor large families. On the positive side are: 1) Studies showing considerable interest in birth control by the rural population; 2) A long history of traditional birth control practices; 3) The absence of outright opposition by religious groups to the principle of family planning. However, financial costs, the need for the training of personnel, and a general unawareness of the magnitude of the task lying ahead constitute other formidable obstacles.

  10. Marketing contraceptives in rural Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viravaidya, M

    1988-01-01

    It can be difficult to administer and motivate field workers in family planning programs. In the case of social marketing, the last distributors in the chain are small shopkeepers who keep part of the final sale price. Thus contraceptives become part and parcel of their routine business, and the margin becomes both their remuneration and their motivation. In Thailand and most other countries with social marketing programs, part of the selling price also returns to the program, providing some degree of cost recovery. As family planning succeeds and per capita incomes rise, individuals will be able to pay an increasing part of the total cost of family planning. In the interim, international agencies and governments will continue to provide subsidies. In rural countries like Thailand, social marketing programs can be initiated and expanded relatively rapidly because they build on an existing infrastructure; they can also reach the most distant parts of the country. Skills of local advertising agencies are available in practically all Third World countries. Sales are a reliable record of progress and can be used to suggest innovations or practical solutions to problems. Small shopkeepers often feel more comfortable vending contraceptives than many experts would expect and as members of the community, intuitively know what the community's standards are. Individuals handling oral contraceptives often require some training and supervision by full-time staff who can answer questions that arise; local physicians may also be notified of the program for referral of problem cases. If there is a problem with social marketing programs, it is that they are sometimes too successful--leading to large bills for contraceptive commodities. However, if evaluated in terms of cost-effectiveness, they are less expensive than their alternatives. Along with access to voluntary sterilization and community-based distribution programs, social marketing is a keystone in the arch of family

  11. Social Welfare in Rural Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shucksmith, Mark; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Literature review on social exclusion and disadvantage in rural Europe suggests that rural poverty arises from unemployment, low wages, and, most significantly, inadequate income in old age. Discusses difficulties in identifying rural incidence of exclusion and disadvantage, as well as the need for such research in light of major ongoing social…

  12. Interdisciplinarity and young rural researchers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Derkzen, P.H.M.; Mustakangas, E.; Gambino, M.; Kucerova, E.

    2006-01-01

    The European Society for Rural Sociology (ESRS) organised a round table discussion for young rural researchers at the XXI ESRS Congress, 22-26 August, 2005 in Keszthely, Hungary. In the discussion, participants focused on interdisciplinarity in rural research from their own personal points of view b

  13. Rural Mental Health Ecology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson, Rhonda L.; Wilson, G. Glenn; Usher, Kim

    2015-01-01

    The mental health of people in rural communities is influenced by the robustness of the mental health ecosystem within each community. Theoretical approaches such as social ecology and social capital are useful when applied to the practical context of promoting environmental conditions which...... maximise mental health helping capital to enhance resilience and reduce vulnerably as a buffer for mental illness. This paper explores the ecological conditions that affect the mental health and illness of people in rural communities. It proposes a new mental health social ecology framework that makes full...

  14. Rural Credit in Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barslund, Mikkel Christoffer; Tarp, Finn

    This paper uses a survey of 932 rural households to uncover how the rural credit market operates in four provinces of Vietnam. Households obtain credit through formal and informal lenders, but formal loans are almost entirely for production and asset accumulation. Interest rates fell from 1997...... to 2002, reflecting increased market integration; but the determinants of formal and informal credit demand are distinct. Credit rationing depends on education and credit history, but we find no evidence of a bias against women. Regional differences are striking, and a ‘one size fits all’ approach...

  15. Rural energy and development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stern, R.

    1997-12-01

    The author discusses the worldwide problem and need for rural electrification to support development. He points out that rural areas will pay high rates to receive such services, but cannot afford the capital cost for conventional services. The author looks at this problem from the point of energy choices, subsides, initial costs, financing, investors, local involvement, and governmental actions. In particular he is concerned with ways to make better use of biofuels, to promote sustainable harvesting, and to encourage development of more modern fuels.

  16. Planning approaches for rurban areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busck, Anne Gravsholt; Hidding, Marjan; Kristensen, Søren Bech Pilgaard

    2009-01-01

    .g. the spatial policy discussed and recommended in the European Spatial Development Perspective (ESDP) emphasises the compact city concept, rural-urban linkages and conservation of nature and cultural heritage. This paper compares planning practice for rurban areas in three cases: Roskilde municipality (Denmark......), Staffanstorp municipality (Sweden) and Werv-area (the Netherlands). All three areas belong to the rurban zone and are selected to exemplify pro-active planning. The analysis focuses on how the concept of compact city is perceived and implemented, how rurban areas are managed in order to avoid further urban...

  17. 环境绩效视角下城乡规划组织体系的若干思考%Thoughts on Urban and Rural Planning System From the Viewpoint of Environmental Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    萧敬豪; 陈惠斐; 颜文涛

    2015-01-01

    Based on the perspective of environmental performance, this paper analyzes the policy-making background, institution, functions and personnel constitution of planning organizational system from three aspects of environmental functions, environmental demands and environmental facility management. It comes to a conclusion that the current organization system in China lacks coordination of environmental planning, environmental demands and optimizing power. Institutional settings and staffing are not conducive to environmental performance. The paper also puts forward inter-department coordination inventory based on environmental performance and preliminary suggestions such as improving the planning commission mechanism relying on the legislative law amendment.%基于环境绩效的角度,从环境职能、环境诉求、环境设施管治能力三方面对规划组织体系的政策背景、机构、职能、人员构成等方面进行分析,认为目前我国规划组织体系存在环境协调能力不足,环境诉求及优化动力有限,机构设置、人员配备不利于环境绩效提升,并提出制定基于环境绩效优化的部门协调清单及依托《立法法》修正案完善规委会机制等初步建议。

  18. 城乡统筹视角下的上海村庄产业发展规划研究%Research on the Industrial Development Planning of Shanghai Village in the View of Urban-rural Integration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晓娟

    2014-01-01

    新农村建设中,产业发展是关键,它关系到农民的切身利益,关系到城乡统筹的实现,关系到和谐社会的构建。村庄是统筹城乡发展和推进新型城镇化最基本的单元,在新的发展形势下,它与城市在信息、能量、能源等方面有多维的交流互动。上海村庄产业逐渐呈现多种经营,多种产业共同发展的趋势,需遵循一产转型、二产引导、三产联动的发展原则,采取依托区域、产业统筹;市场导向,左右联动;差异发展,因地制宜;尊重文脉,持续发展的发展策略,进一步健全完善顶层设计,因地制宜探索多元化的村庄产业发展模式和新型村庄发展道路。按产业形态将上海村庄分为农业发展模式、休闲产业发展模式、工商产业发展模式和综合产业发展模式。%Industry development is a key factor for the New-Vil age development, which affects the core benefit of vil age residents, Urban-rural coordination, as wel as realization of harmonious society. Vil age is the fundamental component for the development of urban-rural coordination and new type urbanization, and it has multidimensional interaction with city regarding information, energy and power. Village development in Shanghai has gradually form a pattern of coherent and interacting development by multiple industry sectors, it is therefore desirable to establish a guideline to promote transformation of primary industry, directional development of secondary industry, as well as coordinated development of tertiary industry. So it is essential to emphasize inter-regional coordination, as wel as a local y customized, market and culture oriented, sustainable development pattern, combined with optimized top-down policy design, to establish comprehensive and innovative village development strategies. According to industry pattern, village development in Shanghai hence can be specialized towards a variety of directions

  19. Indonesia solar home systems project for rural electrification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanghvi, A.P.

    1997-12-01

    This paper presents, from a financing aspect the broad issues involved in a plan to provide solar home systems (SHS) to provide rural electrification in several areas of rural Indonesia. The paper discusses the approaches being used to provide funding, develop awareness of the technology, and assure the success of the project. The plan involves the use of grant money to help with some of the initial costs of such systems, and thereby to encourage local financing on a terms rather than cash basis. There are needs for market development, and development of a business structure in the country to support this type of technology. Provided this plan can succeed, it may serve as a model for further efforts.

  20. A family planning study in Kuala Pilah, Peninsular Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vimala Thambypillai

    1982-12-01

    Realizing that family planning is not making a sufficient impact on the rural people as it is on the urban population, it was decided that the authors would study the attitude and knowledge of a rural community towards family planning. The study sample consisted of 200 Malay married women--100 acceptors and 100 nonacceptors from the Kuala Pilah District. The study went from December 4-22, 1978. A healthy climate of knowledge and attitude exist among rural Malay women. Only 2% of the nonacceptors had not heard of any family planning method; 99% of acceptors and 85% of nonacceptors had discussed family planning with their husbands. There was also evidence to show that the birthrate does decrease as literacy increases. On the other hand, however, only 19% of the respondents approved of family planning practices prior to the birth of the 1st child. Also, there is a dearth of information on family planning in the rural areas and not much has been done in utilizing the 2 popular forms of mass media--radio and television as a means of disseminating information on family planning. The study concludes with a recommendation that there is a need for a sustained effort at improving knowledge and disseminating information as well as for developing the proper attitude towards family planning. It is suggested that community leaders, women's clubs, and private organizations be mobilized to participate more fully in the promotion of family planning.

  1. Wisdom City and“Wisdom Planning”-- Discuss the Conceptual Framework and Key Field of Planning of Urban and Rural under the View of Wisdom City%智慧城市与“智慧规划”--智慧城市视野下城乡规划展开研究的概念框架与关键领域探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊雨箫

    2014-01-01

    目前,人类社会已经进入了信息化的高速发展时代。而信息化时代的到来,则为智慧城市的建设和发展提供了必要的条件。本文在对智慧城市理念进行介绍的基础上,对智慧城市中的城乡规划的概念框架与关键领域进行了研究与探讨。%At present, human society has entered the inf-ormation era with rapid development. The arrival of info-rmation age provides the necessary conditions to construct and develop the wisdom city. Based on the introduction to the concept of wisdom city, this paper studies and discusses conceptual framework and key field of planning of urban and rural under wisdom city.

  2. Teachers as Rural Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristiansen, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    In the article, education is seen as a hierarchical cultural encounter between urban and rural values and ways of life. Good teachers do not only deliver curriculum, they also consider the needs and values of their students, as well as those of the local community. The article discusses how teachers' competence, knowledge and attitudes can affect…

  3. Rural Lending Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FIONAWANG

    2005-01-01

    Impended by the lack of a rural financial service network, farmers in China are prone to encounter many difficulties when attempting to secure loans. According to statistics, agriculture accounted for 14.8 percent of China's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2003, but it only used no more than 6 percent of outstanding loans released by all China's financial institutions.

  4. Rural Students Falling Behind

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Access to leading universities more difficult than ever for students from rural areas As a sophomore majoring in English at the Department of Foreign Languages and Literature at Tsinghua University, Zhao Jun has learned the true meaning of "spiritual solitude" over the past year.

  5. Reluctant Rural Regionalists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Peter V.; Stern, Pamela

    2009-01-01

    Recently, scholars have begun to explore questions of regionalism and regionalization in rural contexts. Regionalism is often understood and presented as a pragmatic solution to intractable problems of fragmentation, inefficiency, accountability, spillover and neglect in the face of economic restructuring and other external threats. These…

  6. Rural Domestic Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Response (CCR), in which healthcare providers, community groups, criminal justice, and social service agencies work together, is ... Email © 2002–2017 Rural Health Information Hub. All rights reserved. About RHIhub | ... Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Sitemap Phone: 1-800-270-1898 Email: info@ ...

  7. Rural politics in Kirchnerism. Coexistence or agribusiness predominance?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Belén Toledo López

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the “neo-developmental perspective” towards agriculture, compared to the previous period. The aim is to recognized the prevailing trends and key policy approaches in the sector, between 2003-2015. First, it characterizes the accumulation pattern, iniciated by the end of convertibility. Then, it analyzes the rural policy, especially observing a governmental plan (PEA 2020 and its sustainability dimension. Thu, through the study of rural policies, we hope to contribute to the discussion on development and sustainability in actual Argentina.

  8. Reasons for and Countermeasures against Gradient Transfer of Rural Population——A Case Study of Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    We take Chongqing as an example to analyze reasons for rural population gradient transfer from such factors as social system,industrial development,urban planning,and living costs.Finally,we present four policies and suggestions,including promoting urban construction,increasing investment in rural areas,pushing forward construction of labor market,and bringing safeguarding function into full play.

  9. Using Focus Groups to Identify Rural Participant Needs in Balancing Work and Family Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Stephen F.; Marotz-Baden, Ramona

    1999-01-01

    Six focus groups with 49 rural residents identified concerns about balancing work and family (time, energy, conflicting demands, child care), causes of imbalance, and types of help needed. Results were used to plan programs on time and resource management, meal planning, and relationship skills. (SK)

  10. Rural poverty and development in West Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peacock, F

    1981-07-01

    Rural poverty in West Malaysia during the 1957-1970 period is examined. The period covered was 1 of a high rate of growth combined with an increasing inequality of income and worsening poverty. During the 1955-1970 period, a large amount of development funds, manpower, and expertise was directed towards a reduction of West Malaysia's rural poverty. Despite these efforts, rural poverty increased. Over the period under review, the share of income going to the richest 20% of the population increased from 50% to 56%; the share going to the middle 20% of the population remained constant at 20%; the poorest 60% of the population saw their share of income decline from 30% to 24%. The poorest 40% of the population received only 11.6% of income in 1970. They were predominantly rural, with this sector accounting for 87% of all poverty. The 3 development plans of this period set high aggregate growth rates as the primary targets and emphasized productivity and income in the rural sector. Rural development has not been sold short; the total funding figure of $2,209.46 million represents 40% of all development spending between 1956 and 1970. The money funded 3 broad areas of rural development: replanting of smallholder rubber with high-yielding clones; increasing rice production; and opening new land. The strategy has been to concentrate upon raising the yields from existing farmland and expanding into new areas of settlement. The problem of dealing with poverty in West Malaysia was made worse by the rapid rate of population increase. The population increase of 1,657,000 was absorbed into the traditional smallholder sector, very largely in exisitng areas of settlement. Over the same period, the modern sector of agriculture, the rubber estates, reduced their labor force by 30,000 as they moved into the cultivation of oil palm, a crop requiring less labor. Some of the additional agricultural workers were placed on new land under government land-development and resettlement

  11. 7 CFR 22.304 - Multiyear planning and programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Multiyear planning and programming. 22.304 Section 22.304 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities of State Governments § 22.304 Multiyear planning and programming. State and multicounty...

  12. 7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. 3560.626 Section 3560.626 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING... § 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. On-farm labor housing must meet the requirements...

  13. A study on career planning of minority students in the rural-doctor classes in Xinjiang Medical University%新疆医科大学少数民族乡村医师班学生职业规划的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晶; 肖辉; 刘阳; 孙学斌

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the career planning situation of minority students in the rural-doctor classes in Higher Vocational College of Xinjiang Medical University with the aim to provide a scientific basis for good employment.Methods 508 minority students in rural-doctor classes in Higher Vocational College of Xinjiang Medical University were surveyed by a questionnaire to investigate the reasons and influencing factors of their professional choice,the employment direction,the working-time limit and the influencing factors of working at the grass-roots level.Statistical software was adopted to analyze the investigating re-sults.Results (1)the top three reasons of their professional choice included the willingness to serve the farmers and herdsmen at home (44%),economic reasons (20%)and employment security (16%);(2) the factors influencing their professional choice included making the choices by students themselves (44%),making the choices affected by parents (35%)and affected by teachers and classmates(15%);(3) after the service expiration,62% students hoped to continue their further study,11% students hoped to work at other hospitals and 23% students chose to stay at the designated health clinics in towns and town-ships;(4)45% of the students chose to work in the health clinics of towns and townships for 8 years, 20% for 3-5 years,23% for 0-3 years,and only 12% of the students chose the long-term service in the health clinics of towns and townships;(5)the main factors influencing them to work at the grass-roots level included the limited prospects for their future development (57%)and harsh conditions in the remote places (15%).Conclusion The career planning situation of minority students in rural-doctor classes of Xinjiang Medical University was not optimistic.The career guidance and career planning for minority students in rural-doctor classes needed to be strengthened;the relevant employment policies and measures needed to be further improved.%目的:了解新疆

  14. Institucionalidad y desarrollo rural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laureano Ruiz Camargo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available La institucionalidad entendida como el conjunto de normas y reg las formales e informales que regulan una comunidad determinada puede influir al impulsar y acrecentar el desarrollo rural o también frenarlo, permitiendo o no la participación o también obstaculizando la organización y la expresión de las comunidades rurales; lo cual puede reflejarse en carencias de sentido económico, social y cultural. Estas temáticas han sido exploradas en el presente trabajo, mediante el contacto directo con las comunidades rura les del municipio de Paipa (Boyacá y complementado con la revisión teórica a nivel bibliográfica sobre los temas de la institucionalidad y el desarrollo rural sustentable. Dada la importancia de las familias campesinas asentadas en estos territorios de minifundios y economía campesina, en la reproducción de su propia subsistencia y el aporte a la producción de bienes para la alimentación de la población urbana y suministro de mano de obra necesaria en la prestación de servicios y la industria nacional, se encontró que las carencias de tipo económico y social por parte de la población se reflejan en índices de pobreza elevada, debido a la poca capacidad de consumo y acumulación, pues la propiedad privada sustentada en el minifundio utilizado en actividades agropecuarias no genera ingresos suficientes para financiar la alimentación, la educación, la salud, la vivienda, la recreación y tampoco posibilita el ahorro. Por otra parte, la producción de bienes y servicios de origen rural es vendida o intercambiada en el mercado a precios por debajo de los costos de producción, con lo cual se transfiere la riqueza producida en el campo hacia la ciudad, reproduciéndose el circulo de la pobreza rural donde la institucionalidad practicada y existente no permite la participación de los habitantes rurales en la toma de decisiones; entre otras cosas, porque carecen de organización y liderazgo y porque tradicionalmente la

  15. Planning ahead

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farquharson, B. [Gemcom Software International (Australia)

    2010-02-15

    The paper explains how Colombian coal producer and exporter, Carbones del Cerrejon, has increased recovered coal with an end-to-end mine planning solution. It was Gemcon's Minex software for geology and mine planning. 4 photos.

  16. Safety Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge Safety Plan discusses policies for the safety of the station employees, volunteers, and public. This plan seeks to identify...

  17. Planning Diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabel, Medard

    1984-01-01

    To solve societal problems, both local and global, a global approach is needed. Serious diseases that are crippling present-day problem solving and planning are discussed, and the characteristics of a healthy, effective planning approach are described. (RM)

  18. Research on driving forces for rural settlement land changes in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Chun; FENG Chang-chun

    2010-01-01

    During the rapid urbanization period, the contradiction between demand for the construction land and the preservation of cultivated land for food security is getting more and more serious in China. With the urbanization the rural settlement land is increasing instead of decreasing. This paper aims at finding the driving forces for rural settlement land expansion. Based on land use change survey data (1996-2006) by the Ministry. of Land and Resources P. R. C., this paper finds that per capita area for rural settlement land is more than per capita area for city township and industrial land in each province except Tibet. Besides, rural settlement land area and per capita rural settlement land area are increasing while the rural population is decreasing in most provinces. The main problems of rural settlement land use are low efficiency, high vacancy rate, chaotic layout and illegal occupancy. Then the driving forces for rural settlement land expansion, including economic development family income, family scale, psychological factors, urbanization, transportation, lack of planning, limited circulation of dwelling-house land and imperfect social security, are explored based on above analysts. Finally, policy recommendations, in view of different influencing factors, are put forward to control the disorder expansion of rural settlement land.

  19. Computer supported reconnaissance planning : implementing a planning methodology with geographical information system in Noord-Brabant, the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eweg, R.

    1994-01-01


    Goal
    One of the themes of the research at the Department of Physical Planning and Rural Development in Wageningen Agricultural University is the planning within the field of tension between sustainability and flexibility. This research has resulted

  20. Fire Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Power, June

    2011-01-01

    Many libraries have disaster recovery plans, but not all have prevention and action plans to prepare for an emergency in advance. This article presents the author's review of the prevention and action plans of several libraries: (1) Evergreen State College; (2) Interlochen Public Library; (3) University of Maryland, Baltimore-Marshall Law Library;…