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  1. 21 CFR 120.8 - Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP... SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POINT (HACCP) SYSTEMS General Provisions § 120.8 Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) plan. (a) HACCP plan. Each...

  2. 21 CFR 123.6 - Hazard analysis and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Control Point (HACCP) plan. 123.6 Section 123.6 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Provisions § 123.6 Hazard analysis and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) plan. (a) Hazard... fish or fishery product being processed in the absence of those controls. (b) The HACCP plan. Every...

  3. HACCP and water safety plans in Icelandic water supply: preliminary evaluation of experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunnarsdóttir, María J; Gissurarson, Loftur R

    2008-09-01

    Icelandic waterworks first began implementing hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP) as a preventive approach for water safety management in 1997. Since then implementation has been ongoing and currently about 68% of the Icelandic population enjoy drinking water from waterworks with a water safety plan based on HACCP. Preliminary evaluation of the success of HACCP implementation was undertaken in association with some of the waterworks that had implemented HACCP. The evaluation revealed that compliance with drinking water quality standards improved considerably following the implementation of HACCP. In response to their findings, waterworks implemented a large number of corrective actions to improve water safety. The study revealed some limitations for some, but not all, waterworks in relation to inadequate external and internal auditing and a lack of oversight by health authorities. Future studies should entail a more comprehensive study of the experience with the use of HACCP with the purpose of developing tools to promote continuing success.

  4. DESARROLLO DE UN INSTRUMENTO PARA EVALUAR PRERREQUISITOS EN EL SISTEMA HACCP DESENVOLVIMENTO DE UM INSTRUMENTO PARA AVALIAR PRÉ-REQUISITOS NO SISTEMA HACCP DEVELOPMENT OF AN INSTRUMENT TO EVALUATE PREREQUISITES TO HACCP SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NELSON GUTIÉRREZ

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta la construcción y validación inicial del instrumento GHYCAL (Gestión de la Higiene y Calidad, aplicable en el diagnóstico de los 7 planes previos de higiene y trazabilidad, necesarios para implantar un protocolo Análisis de Peligros y Puntos Críticos de Control (HACCP en cualquier empresa del sector agroalimentario. Para su construcción se elaboró un primer instrumento que contenía 78 criterios relacionados con gestión de la higiene en la industria agroalimentaria, que fue sometido a un proceso de validación de contenido por expertos conocedores de temas relacionados con inocuidad, seguridad alimentaria e higiene de alimentos, utilizando la metodología conocida como sesiones Delphi; posteriormente, se realizó el cálculo de confiabilidad utilizando como medida de consistencia interna el coeficiente Alfa de Cronbach, mediante la aplicación del instrumento en 53 empresas del sector agroalimentario; por último, se determinó la validez de criterio, comparando los resultados de aplicación del instrumento GHYCAL con los resultados de aplicación del instrumento Safety and Quality on Food (S&Q, en las mismas 53 empresas del sector agroalimentario. El instrumento final compuesto por 77 ítems contenidos en 7 sets de preguntas que corresponden a los mismos prerrequisitos establecidos en el protocolo HACCP, obtuvo valores de alfa de Cronbach entre 0,83 y 0,94 para los sets de preguntas y de 0,98 para el total del cuestionario, con respecto a la evidencia relacionada con el criterio, los resultados similares permiten adoptar el concepto de validez concurrente.Neste artigo se apresenta a construção e validação inicial do instrumento GHYCAL (Gestão da Higiene e Qualidade; aplicável no diagnóstico dos 7 planos prévios de higiene e rastreabilidade, necessários para implantar um protocolo de Análise de Perigos e Pontos Críticos de Controle (HACCP em qualquer empresa do setor agroalimentício. Para a sua

  5. Potential biological hazard of importance for HACCP plans in fresh fish processing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baltić Milan Ž.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP system is scientifically based and focused on problem prevention in order to assure the produced food products are safe to consume. Prerequisite programs such as GMP (Good Manufacturing Practices, GHP (Good Hygienic Practices are an essential foundation for the development and implementation of successful HACCP plans. One of the preliminary tasks in the development of HACCP plan is to conduct a hazard analysis. The process of conducting a hazard analysis involves two stages. The first is hazard identification and the second stage is the HACCP team decision which potential hazards must be addressed in the HACCP plan. By definition, the HACCP concept covers all types of potential food safety hazards: biological, chemical and physical, whether they are naturally occurring in the food, contributed by the environment or generated by a mistake in the manufacturing process. In raw fish processing, potential significant biological hazards which are reasonably likely to cause illness of humans are parasites (Trematodae, Nematodae, Cestodae, bacteria (Salmonella, E. coli, Vibrio parahemolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus, Listeria monocytogenes, Clostridium botulinum, Staphyloccocus aureus, viruses (Norwalk virus, Entero virusesi, Hepatitis A, Rotovirus and bio-toxins. Upon completion of hazard analysis, any measure(s that are used to control the hazard(s should be described.

  6. Design of a HACCP plan for the industrial process of vacuum-packed frozen surimi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catarina Fernandes

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP is a system that enables identification, assessment and control of hazards related with production, processing, distribution in order to get safe food. The aim of this study was to design a HACCP plan for implementing in a processing line of vacuum-packed frozen surimi. Surimi is made from fisheries byproducts that may have initial unattractive characteristics and whose industrial processing adds commercial value. Heterogeneous quality of raw products and the high complexity of the industrial flowchart may induce problems in the final sanitary profile of surimi. The methodology was based in the evaluation of the pre-requisite programs, risk evaluation of considered hazards, the application of principles of HACCP and the compliance with European regulations. A HACCP plan is proposed with the scope, the selection of HACCP team, product description and its intended use, the flow diagram of the process, hazard analysis and identification of Critical Control Points (CCP, monitoring system, correction actions and records. The potential hazards identified were: excess of chloride (chemical, remains of fishbone (physical and growth of human-related pathogens after defrosting (biological. The control measures of CCP are referred as control of time-temperature and pH in pre-wash and defrosting stages and visual inspection during depulping process.

  7. [Design of a HACCP Plan for the Gouda-type cheesemaking process in a milk processing plant].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dávila, Jacqueline; Reyes, Genara; Corzo, Otoniel

    2006-03-01

    The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) is a preventive and systematic method used to identify, assess and control of the hazards related with raw material, ingredients, processing, marketing and intended consumer in order to assure the safety of the food. The aim of this study was to design a HACCP plan for implementing in a Gouda-type cheese-making process in a dairy processing plant. The used methodology was based in the application of the seven principles of the HACCP, the information from the plant about the compliment of the pre-requisite programs (70-80%), the experience of the HACCP team and the sequence of stages settles down by the COVENIN standard 3802 for implementing the HACCP system. A HACCP plan was proposed with the scope, the selection of HACCP team, the description of the product and the intended use, the flow diagram of the process, the hazard analysis and the control table of the plan with the critical control points (CCP). The following CCP were identified in the process: pasteurization, coagulation and ripening.

  8. Elaboración del plan HACCP para gestión de inocuidad en la línea de proceso de salchichas de una planta de productos cárnicos cárnicos1 Cytotoxic and genotoxic study of in vitro released productos of stainless steel 316L with bioactive ceramic coatings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Cortés

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available

    La enfermedad transmitida por alimentos (ETA es el síndrome
    originado por la ingestión de alimentos y/o agua con contaminación
    química, física o biológica que puede afectar la salud. La frecuencia de ETA es aproximadamente de mil millones de casos/año en el mundo y está entre las primeras causas de muerte en niños.


    Un alimento inocuo no debe presentar riesgos químicos, físicos
    o biológicos para el consumidor y no genera efectos adversos sobre
    su calidad de vida ni su salud. El Sistema de Análisis de Riesgos y
    Control en Puntos Críticos (HACCP con fundamentos científicos y
    carácter sistemático identifica peligros y medidas para controlarlos,
    para garantizar la inocuidad de los alimentos. El objetivo de este
    trabajo fue aplicar los principios HACCP y elaborar el plan HACCP para
    la línea de proceso de salchichas.

    The stainless steel AISI 316L is the must used biomaterial for the making of temporal prosthesis, but it presents severe limitations for permanent implants due to the generation and migration of metallic ions to the surrounding peripheral tissues, which produces oxygen reactive species (ERO and damages of the ADN, increasing the possibility of local tumors and mechanical failure of the implant. A strategy used to minimize the generation of ions is the superficial modification of the implants by means of inorganic coatings, ceramic or vitreous, applied by the sol-gel process; this method has a series of comparative advantages, compared to other deposition methods, as good adherence, easy application, minimum drying problems, low densification temperatures and the possibility of adding particles and/or organic groups that improve the adhesion of the cell to the implant, increasing the biocompatibility. In the present work, the citotoxic effects were valuated by means of the MTT technique, and the genotoxic ones by electrophoresis of individual cell gels (Cometa

  9. [Evaluation of prerequisites programs for a HACCP plan for frozen sardine plant].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosas, Patricia; Reyes, Genara

    2008-06-01

    Good manufacturing practices (GMP) and sanitation standard operating procedures (SSOP) are prerequisites programs for the application of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system as a food safety approach during processing. The aim of this study was to evaluate GMP/SSOP prerequisites in processing line of frozen whole sardine (Sardinella aurita). The GMP compliance was verified according to a standard procedure of the Ministry for the Health of Venezuela, and the SSOP were assessed according to a checklist proposed by the FDA. GMP and SSOP were evaluated following a demerit-based approach. A percentage value was calculated and referred to as sanitary effectiveness. Results indicated that the plant had a good level of compliance with GMP from assessment of buildings and facilities, equipment and tools, hygienic requisites of the production, assurance of the hygiene quality, storage and transportation, and the percentage of sanitary effectiveness was 84%. The level of compliance for SSOP was 53,12% with demerits found in all assessed aspects consisting of inexistent guidelines, lack of control in the sanitary plan and lack of leadership in applying corrective actions. Thus, an improvement in the plant sanitation program was designed targeting SSOP.

  10. [Design of a Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) plan to assure the safety of a bologna product produced by a meat processing plant].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bou Rached, Lizet; Ascanio, Norelis; Hernández, Pilar

    2004-03-01

    The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) is a systematic integral program used to identify and estimate the hazards (microbiological, chemical and physical) and the risks generated during the primary production, processing, storage, distribution, expense and consumption of foods. To establish a program of HACCP has advantages, being some of them: to emphasize more in the prevention than in the detection, to diminish the costs, to minimize the risk of manufacturing faulty products, to allow bigger trust to the management, to strengthen the national and international competitiveness, among others. The present work is a proposal based on the design of an HACCP program to guarantee the safety of the Bologna Special Type elaborated by a meat products industry, through the determination of hazards (microbiological, chemical or physical), the identification of critical control points (CCP), the establishment of critical limits, plan corrective actions and the establishment of documentation and verification procedures. The used methodology was based in the application of the seven basic principles settled down by the Codex Alimentarius, obtaining the design of this program. In view of the fact that recently the meat products are linked with pathogens like E. coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes, these were contemplated as microbiological hazard for the establishment of the HACCP plan whose application will guarantee the obtaining of a safe product.

  11. Preparation of an Evaluated HACCP- Plan in Order to Implementation in Iranian Mineral Water Factories for Avoiding the Common Food Safety Hazards in Such Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amin Kiyani

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: consumption of mineral waters in the world has increased in recent years, and also concerns of consumers about its contamination are growing. Thereby, implementation of such a protective system as HACCP can prevent contamination of waters by different agents. This research aimed to develop an HACCP-Plan standard for mineral waters manufacturing factories in Iran. Methods: In current study, like production lines, polyethylene terephthalate (PET containers packaging, warehouses and laboratories sections of factories were observed from view of production and quality control. To monitor, control and restrict the hazards, seven principles of HACCP were considered. In continue applicable solutions were presented inclusive and practically for all factories. Required information were verified and presented through investigation of national and international standards. Results: The results shown that lack of sanitizing mineral water supplies and factories environment, incomplete water treatment, non-standard production of PET bottles, improper storage of raw materials and final product, and lack of inspection of equipment led to the increasing health hazards of the product and endanger the consumers health. Conclusion: In order to produce safe mineral water, it is necessary to sanitize the water supplies and factory environment. In addition, the process of water treatment and the production of PET bottles must be according to national and international standards. As the implementation of the HACCP system in various mineral water producing factories is not same, application of developed system in this research will be effective to standardize the implementation of this system in plants.

  12. Analysing the Logic and Rigor in the Process of Verification of HACCP Plan%论验证HACCP计划过程中的逻辑性和严密性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦红

    2013-01-01

    HACCP体系是一种系统性的食品安全预防控制体系,现已经越来越受到出口食品加工企业的重视,在许多企业中广泛运用并且质量提升效果明显。但是随着HACCP的不断发展,无论国内外官方有无要求,正有越来越多的企业申请HACCP验证或认证。现在企业制订HACCP计划,基本是采用美国国家水产品HACCP培训和教育联盟编写的“HACCP教程”给出的模式,但这种模式的要求是非常严格的。笔者将从逻辑性和严密性两个方面论证此模式下的HACCP计划的验证。旨在帮助指导审核人员完善HACCP计划验证过程,确保HACCP计划的有效实施。%HACCP system is a systematic preventive food safety control system, nowadays,the export food processing enterprises pay more and more attention to it , which has been widely used in many enterprises and the quality improvement effect is obvious. But with the development of HACCP , more and more enterprises apply for HACCP verification or certification. Basically , the enterprise use the model of the"HACCP Guidance"writing by the SHA, to make its HACCP plan, however. This model's requirement is very strict. I will analyse the logic and rigor in the process of verification of HACCP plan. In order to help guiding the personnel perfecting the HACCP plan Verification process, ensure the effective implementation of the HACCP plan.

  13. Hygienic-sanitary working practices and implementation of a Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP plan in lobster processing industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Farias da Fonseca

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to verify the hygienic-sanitary working practices and to create and implement a Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP in two lobster processing industries in Pernambuco State, Brazil. The industries studied process frozen whole lobsters, frozen whole cooked lobsters, and frozen lobster tails for exportation. The application of the hygienic-sanitary checklist in the industries analyzed achieved conformity rates over 96% to the aspects evaluated. The use of the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP plan resulted in the detection of two critical control points (CCPs including the receiving and classification steps in the processing of frozen lobster and frozen lobster tails, and an additional critical control point (CCP was detected during the cooking step of processing of the whole frozen cooked lobster. The proper implementation of the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP plan in the lobster processing industries studied proved to be the safest and most cost-effective method to monitor each critical control point (CCP hazards.

  14. Evaluation of HACCP Plans of Food Industries: Case Study Conducted by the Servizio di Igiene degli Alimenti e della Nutrizione (Food and Nutrition Health Service) of the Local Health Authority of Foggia, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panunzio, Michele F.; Antoniciello, Antonietta; Pisano, Alessandra; Rosa, Giovanna

    2007-01-01

    With respect to food safety, many works have studied the effectiveness of self-monitoring plans of food companies, designed using the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) method. On the other hand, in-depth research has not been made concerning the adherence of the plans to HACCP standards. During our research, we evaluated 116 self-monitoring plans adopted by food companies located in the territory of the Local Health Authority (LHA) of Foggia, Italy. The general errors (terminology, philosophy and redundancy) and the specific errors (transversal plan, critical limits, hazard specificity, and lack of procedures) were standardized. Concerning the general errors, terminological errors pertain to half the plans examined, 47% include superfluous elements and 60% have repetitive subjects. With regards to the specific errors, 77% of the plans examined contained specific errors. The evaluation has pointed out the lack of comprehension of the HACCP system by the food companies and has allowed the Servizio di Igiene degli Alimenti e della Nutrizione (Food and Nutrition Health Service), in its capacity as a control body, to intervene with the companies in order to improve designing HACCP plans. PMID:17911662

  15. Introduction to HACCP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Introduction to HACCP Deana R. Jones, Ph.D. Egg Safety and Quality Research Unit USDA-Agricultural Research Service Russell Research Center Athens, GA Deana.Jones@ars.usda.gov HACCP is an acronym for Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point and was initially developed by the Pillsbury Company a...

  16. The Basics of HACCP

    Science.gov (United States)

    HACCP is an acronym for Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point and was initially developed by the Pillsbury Company and NASA. They utilized this program to enhance the safety of the food for manned space flights. The USDA-FSIS implemented the HACCP approach to food safety in the meat and poult...

  17. The Principles of HACCP

    Science.gov (United States)

    HACCP is an acronym for Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point and was initially developed by the Pillsbury Company and NASA. They utilized this program to enhance the safety of the food for manned space flights. The USDA-FSIS implemented the HACCP approach to food safety in the meat and pou...

  18. Effectiveness of prerequisites and the HACCP plan in the control of microbial contamination in ice cream and cheese companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domenech, Eva; Amorós, José Antonio; Escriche, Isabel

    2013-03-01

    In food safety, implementation of prerequisites and application of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) guarantee the control of processes, and microbiological criteria permit validation of their effectiveness. With these aims in mind, this article presents the results obtained by the official control carried out by the Valencian administration in ice cream and cheese companies, located in the Xativa/Ontinyente area (Valencian region, Spain) in the period between 2005 and 2010. The audits of Good Hygienic Practices (GHP) and HACCP show that "Structure & Design" followed by "Hygiene & Cleaning" and "Traceability" were the evaluated items with most nonconformities. Pathogenic microorganisms were not found in any of the final products analyzed. Microorganism indicators of unhygienic conditions were present in 100% of the analyses; however, 87.98% of them had low levels, which did not exceed the microbiological criteria. These results highlight the general good effectiveness of the safety management systems implemented and emphasize that companies and official control must continue working in order to guarantee the consumers' welfare.

  19. System of indexes and indicators for the quality evaluation of HACCP plans based on the results of the official controls conducted by the Servizio di Igiene degli Alimenti della Nutrizione (Food and Nutrition Health Service) of the Local Health Authority of Foggia, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panunzio, Michele F; Antoniciello, Antonietta; Pisano, Alessandra

    2007-03-01

    Within the realm of evaluating self-monitoring plans, developed based on the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) method and adopted by food companies, little research has been done concerning the quality of the plans. The Servizio di Igiene degli Alimenti e della Nutrizione (Food and Nutrition Health Service) of the Local Health Authority of Foggia, Italy, has conducted research with the aim to adopt a system of indexes and indicators for the qualitative evaluation of HACCP plans. The critical areas considered were the following: simplicity, specificity, feasibility and adherence. During the period from January 2004 to June 2005, the evaluation grid was used in examining 250 HACCP self-monitoring plans of food companies. For the analysis of the determining factor four groups were considered, with reference to HACCP self-monitoring plans designed: group 1 - with the aid of a qualified team; group 2 - with the aid of an unqualified team; group 3 - with the aid of an unqualified expert; group 4 - without the aid of an expert. The mean values of the measures elaborated decrease towards insufficiency moving from group 1 to group 4. In particular, collaboration by teams of unqualified experts brought about drafting unacceptable HACCP plans on the levels of specificity and adherence, with respect to the HACCP method. The method proposed of the analysis of the indexes and indicators beginning with an evaluation sheet can also help the individual company to better adjust contribution by internal or external professionals to the company.

  20. The principles of HACCP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) food safety inspection program is utilized by both USDA Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) and FDA for many of the products they regulate. This science-based program was implemented by the USDA FSIS to enhance the food safety of meat and pou...

  1. Desarrollo de una herramienta para evaluar los programas prerrequisitos del Sistema (HACCP, instaurado en la planta de beneficio de miel de abejas de la UEB Apícola de Sancti Spíritus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yorexis Guilarte Navarro

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Los alimentos están expuestos a agentes físicos, químicos o biológicos, causando un efecto adverso para la salud. Un estudio poblacional arrojó que el mayor % de los casos diarreicos tuvo relación con la ingestión de alimentos, lo que evidencia, que estos tienen importantes cargas bacterianas desde su origen. En el caso de la miel de abeja, los principales peligros están dados por contaminación de envases, por presencia de antibióticos y por fermentación. Como solución, se desarrolló y validó un instrumento que se sustenta en la Gestión de la Higiene y la Calidad, aplicable al diagnóstico de los 7 planes previos de higiene y trazabilidad, necesario para implantar un sistema Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP en cualquier empresa del sector agroalimentario, capaz de, medir los programas prerrequisitos del sistema descrito. Sometido a validación de contenido por Delphy, la herramienta final obtuvo, la aprobación de los expertos, que otorgan alta confiabilidad a valores obtenidos por encima del 90% de cumplimiento. La herramienta permitió organizar y evaluar los prerrequisitos del Sistema HACCP, además de evaluar los resultados de su implantación, en el beneficio de la miel. La validación del Sistema HACCP, arroja resultados satisfactorios, reflejándose en la obtención de un producto inocuo.

  2. [Design of an HACCP program for a cocoa processing facility].

    Science.gov (United States)

    López D'Sola, Patrizia; Sandia, María Gabriela; Bou Rached, Lizet; Hernández Serrano, Pilar

    2012-12-01

    The HACCP plan is a food safety management tool used to control physical, chemical and biological hazards associated to food processing through all the processing chain. The aim of this work is to design a HACCP Plan for a Venezuelan cocoa processing facility.The production of safe food products requires that the HACCP system be built upon a solid foundation of prerequisite programs such as Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) and Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures (SSOP). The existence and effectiveness of these prerequisite programs were previously assessed.Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) audit to cocoa nibs suppliers were performed. To develop the HACCP plan, the five preliminary tasks and the seven HACCP principles were accomplished according to Codex Alimentarius procedures. Three Critical Control Points (CCP) were identified using a decision tree: winnowing (control of ochratoxin A), roasting (Salmonella control) and metallic particles detection. For each CCP, Critical limits were established, the Monitoring procedures, Corrective actions, Procedures for Verification and Documentation concerning all procedures and records appropriate to these principles and their application was established. To implement and maintain a HACCP plan for this processing plant is suggested. Recently OchratoxinA (OTA) has been related to cocoa beans. Although the shell separation from the nib has been reported as an effective measure to control this chemical hazard, ochratoxin prevalence study in cocoa beans produced in the country is recommended, and validate the winnowing step as well

  3. Hygienic-sanitary working practices and implementation of a Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP plan in lobster processing industries Condições higiênico-sanitárias e implementação do plano de Análise de Perigos e Pontos Críticos de Controle (APPCC em indústrias processadoras de lagosta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Farias da Fonseca

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to verify the hygienic-sanitary working practices and to create and implement a Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) in two lobster processing industries in Pernambuco State, Brazil. The industries studied process frozen whole lobsters, frozen whole cooked lobsters, and frozen lobster tails for exportation. The application of the hygienic-sanitary checklist in the industries analyzed achieved conformity rates over 96% to the aspects evaluated. The use of the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) plan resulted in the detection of two critical control points (CCPs) including the receiving and classification steps in the processing of frozen lobster and frozen lobster tails, and an additional critical control point (CCP) was detected during the cooking step of processing of the whole frozen cooked lobster. The proper implementation of the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) plan in the lobster processing industries studied proved to be the safest and most cost-effective method to monitor each critical control point (CCP) hazards.Objetivou-se com este estudo verificar as condições higiênico-sanitárias e criar um plano de Análise de Perigos e Pontos Críticos de Controle (APPCC) para implantação em duas indústrias de processamento de lagosta no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. As indústrias estudadas processam lagosta inteira congelada, lagostas inteiras cozidas congeladas e caudas de lagosta congelada para exportação. A aplicação de um checklist de controle higiênico-sanitário nas indústrias visitadas resultou em uma classificação global de conformidades maior que 96% dos aspectos analisados. O desenvolvimento do plano APPCC resultou na detecção de dois pontos críticos de controle (PCC), incluindo o recebimento e etapas de classificação, no processamento de lagosta congelada e caudas de lagosta congelada, e um PCC adicional foi detectado no processamento de lagosta inteira cozida

  4. The Seven Principles of HACCP

    Science.gov (United States)

    HACCP is an acronym for Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point and was initially developed by the Pillsbury Company and NASA. They utilized this program to enhance the safety of the food for manned space flights. The USDA-FSIS implemented the HACCP approach to food safety in the meat and poult...

  5. Foods hygiene management according to HACCP.; HACCP ni yoru shokuhin eisei kanri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seki, T [Niigata Enginering Co., Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    2000-11-01

    New foods hygiene management system HACCP(Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point) was explained, which prevents food poisoning. Followings are described; (1) Outline of HACCP, (2) History of HAPPC, (3) Process to perform HACCP, (4) Infrastructure for HACCP, (5) How to promote HACCP, (6) Certification system in Japan. HACCP secures the safety in foods hygiene by making rules of Critical Control Points (CCP) on foods hygiene and by administrating strictly their performance. Details of works, frequency and person in charge of the work and methods to confirm and record the work are prescribed in PP (Prerequisite Program) and SSOP (Sanitation Standard Operation Procedure). (NEDO)

  6. HACCP, food quality, food irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bognar, A.

    1999-01-01

    The paper summarizes the principles and purposes of the ''Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points'' (HACCP) system and its application and implementation within the European Union for the purposes of food quality and safety control, including food irradiation. (orig./CB) [de

  7. Implementation of HACCP system in production of Paški cheese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šime Gligora

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Since August 2006 all participants in Republic of Croatia dealing with the food have an obligation to introduce Hazard Analysis of Critical Control Point (HACCP system. Therefore, all producers of dairy products, as well as registered producers of Paški cheese have to implement HACCP system in their facilities. The aim of this work is to describe implementation and use of HACCP system in «Sirena - mala sirana» which is a small-scale cheese factory situated in a place Kolan on the island of Pag. For this reason, EU and Croatian legislative related to HACCP system is firstly described. After that, procedure of certification is presented, as well as prerequisite programsof the system which are the base for successful implementation of the HACCP system. Furthermore, appliance of HACCP in Paški cheese production through system’s documentation is described. Flow diagram is presented, analysis of hazardous and determination of critical control points is described trough defined production processes. Next, control, monitoring and corrective measures for production processes are described. Finally, HACCP plan and Standard Sanitation Operative Procedures (SSOP are presented. Besides that, traceability system and training plan are shown, as well as all required record lists and other documentation for HACCP system. With implementation of the HACCP system in «Sirena» cheese facility, general hygiene was improved as well as hygiene of equipment and personnel. Risk of product contamination is reduced to a minimum level. With effective management of control measures and records, quality of produced Paški cheese was also improved

  8. Pré-requisitos para implementação do sistema APPCC em uma linha de alface minimamente processada Requirements for HACCP system implementation in a minimally processed plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Gomes da Cruz

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Boas Práticas de Fabricação (BPF e Procedimentos Padrão de Higienização Operacional (PPHO são Programas Pré-requisitos (PPRs para implementação do sistema APPCC, sendo, em função disto, etapa inicial na adoção de sistemas de garantia de qualidade na indústria de alimentos. Nesse trabalho, foi avaliada uma unidade de processamento mínimo de hortaliças segundo uma auditoria, análises microbiológicas da água, equipamentos, utensílios e manipuladores. Foram verificadas diversas não-conformidades relacionadas à auditoria na unidade produtora. Nas análises microbiológicas foram identificados grupos microbianos em níveis superiores aos estabelecidos pela legislação (variação de 16 NMP/100 mL e 7-2400 NMP/cm² para coliformes a 35°C e a 44°C, na água e nos equipamentos e/ou utensílios, respectivamente. S. aureus não foi detectado nos manipuladores, enquanto que E. coli mostrou-se presente nos manipuladores e ausente na água. Os resultados revelam que a unidade produtora não tem as condições necessárias para a implementação do APPCC, sendo necessárias medidas corretivas, entre as quais, o ajuste do layout do processo, implementação de controle de pragas, treinamento para os manipuladores, além de controle efetivo dos parâmetros operacionais.Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP and Sanitation Standard Procedures Operation (SSOP are Pre-requisite Programs (PPRs for the HACCP system implementation, being the initial step at the adoption of an Assurance Quality System in the Food Industry. A Brazilian produce line was evaluated according to PPRs compliance and microbiological analysis of processing water, equipments/utensils and workers of packing room were performed. Several failures were detected in the auditing and presence of pathogens and microbial groups at values from the Brazilian legislation (range from 16 MNP/100 mL and 7-2400 MPN/cm² for total and fecal coliform at the water processing and equipments

  9. HACCP, food quality, food irradiation; HACCP, Lebensmittelqualitaet und Bestrahlung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bognar, A [Bundesforschungsanstalt fuer Ernaehrung, Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. fuer Chemie und Biologie

    1999-07-01

    The paper summarizes the principles and purposes of the ''Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points'' (HACCP) system and its application and implementation within the European Union for the purposes of food quality and safety control, including food irradiation. (orig./CB) [German] Eine ausfuehrliche Information und Schulung der mit der Qualitaetssicherung befassten Mitarbeiter ueber den Inhalt und die Ziele des HACCP-Konzeptes erscheint als die wichtigste Voraussetzung fuer seine Implementierung in das Qualitaetsmanagement bei der Lebensmittelverarbeitung. Abschliessend soll noch auf die Gefahren hingewiesen werden, die bei der Einfuehrung eines neuen Qualitaetssicherungssystems in Lebensmittelbetrieben auftreten koennen. Die groesste Gefahr scheint die Ueberorganisation des betrieblichen Ablaufs zu sein. Papierberge, die niemand liest oder beachtet, sind kontra produktiv. (orig.)

  10. HACCP, food quality, food irradiation; HACCP, Lebensmittelqualitaet und Bestrahlung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bognar, A. [Bundesforschungsanstalt fuer Ernaehrung, Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. fuer Chemie und Biologie

    1999-07-01

    The paper summarizes the principles and purposes of the ''Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points'' (HACCP) system and its application and implementation within the European Union for the purposes of food quality and safety control, including food irradiation. (orig./CB) [German] Eine ausfuehrliche Information und Schulung der mit der Qualitaetssicherung befassten Mitarbeiter ueber den Inhalt und die Ziele des HACCP-Konzeptes erscheint als die wichtigste Voraussetzung fuer seine Implementierung in das Qualitaetsmanagement bei der Lebensmittelverarbeitung. Abschliessend soll noch auf die Gefahren hingewiesen werden, die bei der Einfuehrung eines neuen Qualitaetssicherungssystems in Lebensmittelbetrieben auftreten koennen. Die groesste Gefahr scheint die Ueberorganisation des betrieblichen Ablaufs zu sein. Papierberge, die niemand liest oder beachtet, sind kontra produktiv. (orig.)

  11. Implantação do HACCP na indústria de alimentos Implementation of the HACCP in the food industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veruschka Franca de Figueiredo

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available O conceito da Análise de Perigos e Pontos Críticos de Controle (APPCC é uma abordagem sistemática para garantir a segurança do alimento. O método é baseado em vários princípios diferentes de detecção direta ou indireta de contaminação. O objetivo é controlar a segurança do alimento analisando os perigos em potencial, planejando o sistema para evitar problemas, envolvendo os operadores em tomada de decisão e registro das ocorrências. O conceito da HACCP (APPCC deveria ser aplicado em conjunto com as Boas Práticas de Fabricação. Este artigo discute a importância da HACCP (APPCC na Indústria de Biscoito e que tipo de contaminação é o ponto fraco neste produto. A experiência indicou que existem diversos problemas iniciais na implementação da HACCP, contudo benefícios tangíveis podem ser alcançados a partir da redução das reclamações do consumidor.The Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP concept is a systematic approach to ensuring food safety. The method is based on several different principles of direct or indirect detection of contamination. The objective is to control food safety by analyzing the potential hazards, designing the system to prevent problems, involving the operators in decision making and documenting events. HACCP concepts should be applied together with Good Manufacturing Practices. This paper discusses the importance of HACCP in Biscuit Industry and what kind of contamination is a weak point in this product. The results indicated that there are several initial problems in implementing HACCP, however tangible benefits can be achieved through reduced customer complaints.

  12. Hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) history and conceptual overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hulebak, Karen L; Schlosser, Wayne

    2002-06-01

    The concept of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) is a system that enables the production of safe meat and poultry products through the thorough analysis of production processes, identification of all hazards that are likely to occur in the production establishment, the identification of critical points in the process at which these hazards may be introduced into product and therefore should be controlled, the establishment of critical limits for control at those points, the verification of these prescribed steps, and the methods by which the processing establishment and the regulatory authority can monitor how well process control through the HACCP plan is working. The history of the development of HACCP is reviewed, and examples of practical applications of HACCP are described.

  13. Introduction to the Principles of HACCP

    Science.gov (United States)

    HACCP is an acronym for Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point and was initially developed by the Pillsbury Company and NASA. They utilized this program to enhance the safety of the food for manned space flights. The USDA-FSIS implemented the HACCP approach to food safety in the meat and poult...

  14. Plan para control de Malaria en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernando Rey

    1943-02-01

    Full Text Available Con motivo de la colaboración de la Oficina de Relaciones Interamericanas en la solución de algunos problemas de Higiene pública en Colombia, el Secretario del Ministerio de Trabajo, Higiene y Previsión Social, doctor Alfonso Orozco, me pidió la elaboración de un breve plan para control de Paludismo en Colombia. El Plan fué presentado al Ministerio por una parte y por otra enviado al doctor Mark F. Boyd de la International Health Division de la Fundación Rockefeller.

  15. 9 CFR 417.6 - Inadequate HACCP Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Inadequate HACCP Systems. 417.6 Section 417.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POINT (HACCP) SYSTEMS § 417.6 Inadequate HACCP Systems. A HACCP system may be...

  16. Plan de Marketing para Muebles Moncayo

    OpenAIRE

    Foyes Jiménez, Fermín

    2017-01-01

    Treball Final de Màster Interuniversitari en Màrqueting i Investigació de Mercats. Codi: SRB100. Curs: 2016/2017 El proyecto que se describe a continuación consiste en un Plan de Marketing para Muebles Moncayo, empresa de Barcelona dedicada a la comercialización al por menor de muebles de hogar. En la actualidad esta tiene una política de negocio clásica, ya que no tiene definidas las estrategias operativa y de negocio. Dada esta situación, se ha llevado a cabo un análisis de la situación,...

  17. How and Why to Implement HACCP in Food Businesses in Developing Countries? Suggestions to Afghan Government and Private Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayed Mohammad Naim Khalid

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In Afghanistan food safety is managed by several ministries including Ministry of Public Health, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Commerce and municipalities. There is no food law but multiple ministerial decrees which ensure if GMP is implemented well. There is no legal requirement to get food safety certification. Hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP is recognized as a key part of food safety management practice in the global food industry and can be applied at any stage of the food supply chain. This article discusses accepted approaches to the application of HACCP principles for the development, implementation, and maintenance of HACCP plan. It is intended as an introduction to food safety system in Afghanistan, giving propositions to government on how to apply the principles in a stepwise approach, and showing how HACCP benefit public and private sector and also suggesting ways how to adapt this approach in the food businesses.

  18. Perception of the HACCP system operators on livestock product manufacturers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jung-Hyun; Nam, Ki-Chang; Jo, Cheorun; Lim, Dong-Gyun

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate crucial factors on HACCP system implementation in domestic livestock product plants, and to offer job satisfaction and the career prospect of HACCP system operators. The survey was carried out by selecting 150 HACCP system operators who implemented HACCP system. The respondents claimed that the most important contents in HACCP system operation were to assemble HACCP team (21.8%), and the second was to monitoring (20.0%). Documentation and recording (16.9%) and verification (11.1%) were followed. The respondents answered the major factor in sanitation management was cleaning/washing/disinfection (18.9%) and inspection (18.4%). The results showed that there were significant differences in the prospect of occupation in HACCP system operator by the gender (p HACCP system operator were satisfied with their job (73%) and also showed optimistic prospect of occupation (82%).

  19. HACCP system for quality control of food irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yiming, Ha [The Institute of Application of Atomic Energy, CAAS, Beijing (China)

    2004-02-01

    This paper introduces the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point System (HACCP) and analyses all hazard factors which would possibly affect the product quality in processing of irradiation dehydrated vegetables. It suggests that the irradiation food factories in China should set up HACCP as soon as possible and discusses the ways to set up HACCP.

  20. HACCP system for quality control of food irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ha Yiming

    2004-01-01

    This paper introduces the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point System (HACCP) and analyses all hazard factors which would possibly affect the product quality in processing of irradiation dehydrated vegetables. It suggests that the irradiation food factories in China should set up HACCP as soon as possible and discusses the ways to set up HACCP

  1. Plan de marketing para un vivero de planta ornamental

    OpenAIRE

    MARCH CUBERTORET, PAULA

    2017-01-01

    [ES] Se ha realizado un plan de marketing de un vivero de planta ornamental interior en Petrés (Valencia), así como un estudio de mercado para analizar las necesidades del consumidor y proponer mejorar el posicionamiento de la empresa para finalmente aumentar las ventas de sus productos. March Cubertoret, P. (2017). Plan de marketing para un vivero de planta ornamental. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/92819 TFGM

  2. Plan de mercadeo para una promotora de eventos corporativos

    OpenAIRE

    Burbano Zhindon, Andrea Cristina; Chavez Lopez, Maria Cecilia; Orlando Haro, Sofia Pierina; Miranda, Jorge Luis

    2009-01-01

    Este proyecto presenta una alternativa para todas aquellas empresas que realizan eventos frecuentemente, ofreciéndoles un servicio personalizado para la coordinación de cada uno de los detalles que conlleva la organización de un evento. El objetivo fundamental de este estudio es desarrollar un plan de mercadeo para el servicio antes mencionado, aplicando los principios del marketing para su correcta implementación.

  3. RESPONSIBILITIES OF FOOD BUSINESS OPERATORS RELATED TO FOOD SAFETY: CONCERNS RELATED TO HACCP IN MICRO-BUSINESSES FOOD COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Civera

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The research was aimed at collecting information on food safety knowledge by operators of small and less developed food businesses. This will allow to reveal what are the real drawbacks in HACCP application in these realities. Fifty meat producing plants located in Piedmont region were involved. In all the plants a questionnaire with questions on HACCP system was submitted. The analysis of the collected answers, evidenced that 42% of the operators needed to perform structural modifications in order to address the HACCP measures, whereas 40% applied modifications in working procedures. The most frequent shortcoming (44% of the answers of the HACCP system was represented by the applicability of Good Manufacturing Practices, and the most difficult control measure to be applied was the prevention of the cross-contaminations (40% of the answers. The information gathered within this project allowed to evidence the real needs of the micro businesses in the application of HACCP plan. These results can be useful for the institutions, which could elaborate HACCP alternative systems, able to better fulfil food safety requirements and Food Business Operator needs.

  4. Description of the food safety system in hotels and how it compares with HACCP standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Stephanie M; Maharaj, Satnarine R; James, Kenneth

    2009-01-01

    Tourism is an important earner of foreign exchange in Jamaica; hence, the protection of the visitors' health is very important. A study of travelers to Jamaica in 1996 to 1997 found that travelers' diarrhea (TD) affected almost 25% of visitors. The Ministry of Health (Jamaica) initiated a program for the prevention and control of TD aimed at reducing attack rates from 25.0% to 12.0% over a 5-year period through environmental health and food safety standards of hotels. This article examines the food safety systems in Jamaican hotels located in a popular resort area to find out how comparable they are with the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) strategy. A cross-sectional study was done of hotels in St. Mary and St. Ann. Quantitative data were obtained from food and beverage/sanitation staff and qualitative data through in-depth interviews with hotel managers. Observation of the food safety operations was also done. The majority (75%) of larger hotels used a combination of HACCP and Ministry of Health food safety strategies (p = 0.02) and offered all-inclusive services (r =-0.705, p = 0.001). Larger hotels were more likely to have a better quality team approach, HACCP plan, and monitoring of critical control points (CCPs) and more likely to receive higher scores (p hotel staff were knowledgeable of HACCP. Significantly smaller hotels (87.5%) received less than 70% in overall score (r = 0.75, p = 0.01). Identification of CCPs and monitoring of CCPs explained 96.6% of the change in the overall HACCP scores (p = 0.001). Hotel managers felt that some hotels' systems were comparable with HACCP and that larger properties were ready for mandatory implementation. Conclusions. While some components of the HACCP system were observed in larger hotels, there were serious shortcomings in its comparison. Mandatory implementation of HACCP would require that sector-specific policies be developed for smaller hotels and implemented on a phased basis.

  5. HACCP-based quality risk management approach to udder health problems on dairy farms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noordhuizen, Jptm; Cannas da Silva, J

    2009-04-01

    Against the background of prevailing udder health problems on dairy farms, this paper discusses a new approach to mastitis control. Current udder health control programmes, such as the 'five-point plan', are highlighted and their drawbacks indicated. The concept and principles of hazard analysis critical control points (HACCP) are introduced. The eight core elements of this concept are dealt with by using the example of a dairy herd with a mastitis problem due to Staphylococcus aureus. The various steps to be taken in the development of a HACCP-based quality risk management programme are illustrated through the application of core elements. Finally, it is shown that the HACCP key words, structure, organisation, planning, communication and formalisation; which do not frequently appear in conventional herd health and production management programmes can contribute to better udder health. The role of the veterinarian can be paramount and of added value, if he/she is willing to invest in new knowledge and skills, such as the HACCP concept, farm economics, animal nutrition, and particularly the role of coach to the dairy farmer in the implementation of preventative measures in relation to udder health.

  6. HACCP-based quality risk management approach to udder health problems on dairy farms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noordhuizen JPTM

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Against the background of prevailing udder health problems on dairy farms, this paper discusses a new approach to mastitis control. Current udder health control programmes, such as the 'five-point plan', are highlighted and their drawbacks indicated. The concept and principles of hazard analysis critical control points (HACCP are introduced. The eight core elements of this concept are dealt with by using the example of a dairy herd with a mastitis problem due to Staphylococcus aureus. The various steps to be taken in the development of a HACCP-based quality risk management programme are illustrated through the application of core elements. Finally, it is shown that the HACCP key words, structure, organisation, planning, communication and formalisation; which do not frequently appear in conventional herd health and production management programmes can contribute to better udder health. The role of the veterinarian can be paramount and of added value, if he/she is willing to invest in new knowledge and skills, such as the HACCP concept, farm economics, animal nutrition, and particularly the role of coach to the dairy farmer in the implementation of preventative measures in relation to udder health.

  7. HACCP plan fresh fish processing Marituna

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aalberts, C.H.J.

    2003-01-01

    In the past regulatory authorities for food products had a duty to ensure that foods offered tothe consumer are at least safe to eat. The authorities required a positive approach of using Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP), producing food in a hygienic manner, and by inspection of finished product.

  8. A HACCP-based approach to mastitis control in dairy herds. Part 1: Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beekhuis-Gibbon Lies

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP systems are a risk based preventive approach developed to increase levels of food safety assurance. This is part 1 of a pilot study on the development, implementation and evaluation of a HACCP-based approach for the control of good udder health in dairy cows. The paper describes the use of a novel approach based on a deconstruction of the infectious process in mastitis to identify Critical Control Points (CCPs and develop a HACCP-based system to prevent and control mastitis in dairy herds. The approach involved the creation of an Infectious Process Flow Diagram, which was then cross-referenced to two production process flow diagrams of the milking process and cow management cycle. The HACCP plan developed, may be suitable for customisation and implementation on dairy farms. This is a logical, systematic approach to the development of a mastitis control programme that could be used as a template for the development of control programmes for other infectious diseases in the dairy herd.

  9. A HACCP-based approach to mastitis control in dairy herds. Part 1: Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beekhuis-Gibbon, Lies; Whyte, Paul; O'Grady, Luke; More, Simon J; Doherty, Michael L

    2011-03-31

    Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) systems are a risk based preventive approach developed to increase levels of food safety assurance. This is part 1 of a pilot study on the development, implementation and evaluation of a HACCP-based approach for the control of good udder health in dairy cows. The paper describes the use of a novel approach based on a deconstruction of the infectious process in mastitis to identify Critical Control Points (CCPs) and develop a HACCP-based system to prevent and control mastitis in dairy herds. The approach involved the creation of an Infectious Process Flow Diagram, which was then cross-referenced to two production process flow diagrams of the milking process and cow management cycle. The HACCP plan developed, may be suitable for customisation and implementation on dairy farms. This is a logical, systematic approach to the development of a mastitis control programme that could be used as a template for the development of control programmes for other infectious diseases in the dairy herd.

  10. HACCP based quality assurance systems for organic food production systems

    OpenAIRE

    Knight, C.; Stanley, R.

    2007-01-01

    HACCP provides an effective, logical and structured means of assuring food safety. Although first used in food manufacturing operations, HACCP can be – and, increasingly is – applied to food production and handling operations at all stages in the food chain. This includes the primary production sector. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate how the principles of HACCP can be applied to organic production with special reference to the primary sector.

  11. OBTAINING FOOD SAFETY BY APPLYING HACCP SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ION CRIVEANU

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to increase the confidence of the trading partners and consumers in the products which are sold on the market, enterprises producing food are required to implement the food safety system HACCP,a particularly useful system because the manufacturer is not able to fully control finished products . SR EN ISO 22000:2005 establishes requirements for a food safety management system where an organization in the food chain needs to proove its ability to control food safety hazards in order to ensure that food is safe at the time of human consumption. This paper presents the main steps which ensure food safety using the HACCP system, and SR EN ISO 20000:2005 requirements for food safety.

  12. Developing a HACCP-like system for improving animal health and welfare in organic egg production - based on an expert panel analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hegelund, Lene; Sørensen, Jan Tind

    2007-01-01

    In the process of developing a generic Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP)-like system for securing animal health and welfare in organic egg production, an expert panel analysis was used to perform the initial hazard analysis. Eighteen advisers and researchers in organic egg...... specific systems. An expert panel analysis based on questionnaires was a useful tool during the first steps of developing a HACCP plan, conducting a hazard analysis and suggesting control points. However, care should be taken regarding the panel's size and fields of expertise in order to assure...... that the panel fully covers the field of interest throughout the study. A further development of the hazard analysis into a farm-specific HACCP system would include assembling an on-farm HACCP team consisting of farmers and advisors for the practical application of control points, alarm values and monitoring...

  13. Research on the Food Safety System of the Army Based on HACCP%基于HACCP的部队食品安全体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵小明

    2011-01-01

    According to the Principle of HACCP, the essay analyzes performability and the problems of HACCP management in the CAPF. Then it puts forward the plan and suggestions of the HACCP, in order to build up the Food Safety Guarantee System of the CAPF that is based on HACCP.%依据HACCP原理,分析了武警部队实行HACCP管理的可行性以及需要解决的问题,进而提出武警部队HACCP管理的方案和要求,构建武警部队基于HACCP的食品安全保障体系。

  14. Plan de Mercadeo para una “FinTech”.

    OpenAIRE

    Escalante Lee, Maria Alejandra

    2016-01-01

    Las empresas deben contar con una misión clara, estableciendo los objetivos de apoyo, diseñando una cartera de negocio sólida y coordinar sus estrategias a futuro, con el fin de cumplir las metas propuestas para entregar e intercambiar ofertas que tienen valor para los consumidores, clientes, socios y la sociedad en general. El presente trabajo de grado tiene como objetivo proponer un plan de mercadeo para la empresa Comyno una FinTech ubicada en Frankfurt am Main, en Alemania. Este tiene ...

  15. Plan de marketing para locales de venta de carne porcina

    OpenAIRE

    Córdoba, Federico Nicolás

    2016-01-01

    Tesis (maestría en dirección de negocios) -- Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas; Argentina, 2016 El presente documento tomará como referencia para la elaboración de un Plan de Marketing para la implementación de productos pre-elaborados en los locales pertenecientes a la empresa Cerdo de los Llanos S.A.P.E.M., radicada en la provincia de La Rioja, Argentina. Instalada ya desde el año 2012 como una de las mayores apuestas productivas de un Plan Económico Provin...

  16. Propuestas para el Plan Nacional de Salud y Medio Ambiente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Ordóñez Iriarte

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available De acuerdo con las estrategias internacionales en materia de salud y medio ambiente, los Ministerios de Sanidad y de Medio Ambiente pusieron en marcha en 2007 los mecanismos necesarios para la elaboración del Plan Nacional de Salud y Medio Ambiente. El primer paso ha sido la firma de un acuerdo de encomienda de gestión con el Instituto de Salud Carlos III para que éste diseñara las bases sobre las que sustentar el plan. El comité científico creado al efecto ha redactado un informe de bases para lo que ha contado con el concurso de un nutrido grupo de expertos. Las propuestas que se recogen en el informe constituyen el contenido del presente trabajo. Las propuestas hacen referencia a los ítems considerados prioritarios en la Estrategia Europea de Medio Ambiente y Salud, es decir, cáncer, alteraciones endocrinas, trastornos del desarrollo neurológico y enfermedades respiratorias, y se organizan en torno a los principales factores de riesgo ambiental para la salud: agua, compuestos químicos tóxicos persistentes, campos electromagnéticos, radicaciones ionizantes, ruido y cambio climático y temperaturas extremas. Para dar consistencia al plan se señalan algunas medidas imprescindibles que aseguren su viabilidad administrativa, política, técnica y financiera. Para darle coherencia, se arbitran unas líneas prioritarias comunes y unas estrategias metodológicas compatibles. Para darle forma, se señalan los programas nacionales que deberán implementarse y que deberán basarse en esa consistencia y coherencia. Más que entrar a concretar lo que se debe hacer —materia propia del futuro plan—, el informe señala cómo se debe hacer para lograr resultados exitosos.

  17. Propuesta para un plan de marketing para el Hotel Haro ubicado en la ciudad de Cuenca

    OpenAIRE

    López Zúniga, Susana Cristina; Yanza Barrera, Mariana de Jesús

    2008-01-01

    El plan de marketing es una herramienta de gestión que sirve de base para los otros planes de la empresa como puede ser el plan de producción o el financiero, determina responsabilidades, permite revisiones y controles periódicos para resolver los problemas con anticipación, evitar pérdidas económicas y ayuda a la empresa a estar lista frente a los riegos y oportunidades que se presenten en el mercado. En el espacio donde el mercado se convierte cada vez más competitivo hay menos posibilid...

  18. Plan de negocios para el posicionamiento del Restaurant Chifa Fortuna

    OpenAIRE

    Crespo Loja, Nancy Patricia; Lituma Jadán, Janeth Alexandra

    2010-01-01

    El presente trabajo tiene como propósito desarrollar un plan de negocios para la aplicación en el "RESTAURANTE CHIFA FORTUNA", mediante un análisis minucioso del mercado, campos económicos, además se planteara posibles estrategias comerciales. Con la utilización de estos elementos podemos tomar mejores decisiones que son fundamentales dentro de una empresa, para de esta manera incrementar nuestra capacidad competitiva, y ofrecer a nuestros clientes mayores productos con valor agregado. ...

  19. Plan de comunicación para Barriobar

    OpenAIRE

    Pardo Castillo, Iris

    2016-01-01

    Treball de Final de Grau en Publicitat i Relacions Públiques. Codi: PU0932. Curs acadèmic 2015-2016 Este proyecto es un Trabajo Fin de Grado de la titulación Publicidad y Relaciones Públicas. Se trata de un trabajo de modalidad C que consiste en la elaboración de un Plan de Comunicación íntegro para una empresa. En este caso, para la franquicia de restauración BarrioBar. BarrioBar es una empresa que nació y se expandió a través de Valencia y sus pueblos fronterizos. Con gran...

  20. Desarrollo de plan estratégico para La Fageda

    OpenAIRE

    Parra Saldaña, Filomena Ortencia

    2014-01-01

    El presente trabajo, investiga, desarrolla, analiza y propone, por medio de un plan estratégico, la ruta a seguir por la empresa La Fageda, para el logro de sus objetivos sociales y económicos. Se identifica el modelo de negocio de La Fageda, como un negocio inclusivo que incorpora a personas con discapacidad psíquica e intelectual, personas tipificadas como de alto riesgo de exclusión social, para hacerlos partícipes de una organización, no como víctimas sino como actores, y que crea valor ...

  1. Evaluation of HACCP knowledge of the catering staff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewa Cieślik

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a study on HACCP knowledge among catering staff. The study involved 100 people working in catering establishments randomly selected, such as restaurants, bars and cafes. The research tool was a survey questionnaire. The results indicate an insufficient level of knowledge of the respondents and indicate the need for training in the principles and significance of the HACCP system among people working in the catering industry. Since their knowledge is highly dependent, functioning of the HACCP system in the catering establishment seriously depends on their knowledge which is reflected in the quality and safety of food produced.

  2. Propuesta de un plan de marketing para una marca personal

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Leaman, Luis Guillermo

    2011-01-01

    En esta tesina se identifican los elementos de un plan de marketing dedicado hacia las personas, a partir de la identidad y perfil de éstas se explica el cómo se definen las herramientas a usar para lograr cierto liderazgo dentro del entorno donde se desarrolle, mediante el desarrollo de una “marca personal” que además de brindar posicionamiento, se enfoca en el desarrollo personal y laboral a largo plazo. En la mayoría de los escritos se ve que el desarrollo de un plan de marketing...

  3. PLAN DE MARKETING PARA EL HOTEL CARRIZAL INN

    OpenAIRE

    Ángel Guillermo Félix Mendoza; Danny Daniel Cobeña López; Lisbeth Alexandra Párraga Muñoz; Lorena Carreño Mendoza

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo principal de esta investigación fue la elaboración de un plan de marketing para el Hotel Carrizal Inn ubicado en la ciudad de Calceta, provincia de Manabí, Ecuador. Se estructuraron tres fases metodológicas, el diagnóstico situacional, estudio de mercado y plan turístico. En la primera fase se delimitó el área de estudio; además se efectuó un análisis interno y externo, utilizando matrices de diagnóstico como la evaluación de factores internos y externos, matriz de competidores...

  4. PENGGABUNGAN PENERAPAN SISTEM JAMINAN MUTU ISO 9001:2008 DAN SISTEM HACCP KE DALAM SISTEM MANAJEMEN KEAMANAN PANGAN ISO 22000:2009 (STUDI KASUS DI PT INDOKOM SAMUDRA PERSADA [The Merger of Quality Assurance System ISO 9001:2008 and HACCP system into Food

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novri Ilmiawan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The object of this research was to merge the application of HACCP system and ISO 9001:2008 in ISP company into ISO 22000:2009. The  research method used was case study method. The study was conducted on three stages. The first was the arrangement gap analysis conducted by comparing the conditions of the company with ISO 22000:2009 standards. The second was by observing sanitation and pre requisite programs. The third was by observing traceability system. The data in this research were reported descriptively, consisted of ISO 9001:2008 and HACCP application in the company and the gaps of principles in ISO 22000:2009 toward ISO 9001:2008 and HACCP. The result showed that ISP company has applied 12 steps which covered in HACCP system, and also the ISO 9001 system were appropriate with ISO 9001:2008 standards in every clauses. Pre requisite program (GMP and SSOP have been effectively applied. GMP in ISP company is categorized on the first spot (excellent. The eight keys of SSOP have been fulfilled. ISP company has been fulfilling 54 from 57 (94.74% criteria in ISO 22000:2009 standards, yet there still several things needed to be improved, which are the quality manual content  and HACCP table plan and its monitoring. The  traceability system has been applied well in ISP. Keywords : HACCP, ISO 9001, ISO 22000, GMP, SSOP.

  5. SISTEM HACCP KE DALAM SISTEM MANAJEMEN KEAMANAN PANGAN ISO 22000:2009 (STUDI KASUS DI PT INDOKOM SAMUDRA PERSADA [The Merger of Quality Assurance System ISO 9001:2008 and HACCP system into Food Safety Management SystemISO 22000:2009 (Case Study at Indoko

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novri Ilmiawan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The object of this research was to merge the application of HACCP system and ISO 9001:2008 in ISP company into ISO 22000:2009. The  research method used was case study method. The study was conducted on three stages. The first was the arrangement gap analysis conducted by comparing the conditions of the company with ISO 22000:2009 standards. The second was by observing sanitation and pre requisite programs. The third was by observing traceability system. The data in this research were reported descriptively, consisted of ISO 9001:2008 and HACCP application in the company and the gaps of principles in ISO 22000:2009 toward ISO 9001:2008 and HACCP. The result showed that ISP company has applied 12 steps which covered in HACCP system, and also the ISO 9001 system were appropriate with ISO 9001:2008 standards in every clauses. Pre requisite program (GMP and SSOP have been effectively applied. GMP in ISP company is categorized on the first spot (excellent. The eight keys of SSOP have been fulfilled. ISP company has been fulfilling 54 from 57 (94.74% criteria in ISO 22000:2009 standards, yet there still several things needed to be improved, which are the quality manual content  and HACCP table plan and its monitoring. The  traceability system has been applied well in ISP .   Key words : HACCP, ISO 9001, ISO 22000, GMP, SSOP.

  6. SISTEMA DE ASEGURAMIENTO DE LA CALIDAD MEDIANTE LA APLICACIÓN DEL SISTEMA HACCP EN LA INDUSTRIA DE PASTAS ALIMENTICIAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleida González González

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available

    En este trabajo se presenta un estudio del HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points como un sistema de aseguramiento de la calidad en lo referente a la inocuidad para la industria de alimentos, mencionando las técnicas generalmente usadas para llevar a acabo este estudio y mostrando un ejemplo mediante su aplicación en la industria de pastas alimenticias. Como resultado se elaboró la tabla de control HACCP, la misma que recopila los PCC, el peligro posible, los límites críticos, las medidas correctivas, sistema de monitoreo y responsables de las acciones tomadas.

  7. Implementation of Haccp in the Mexican Poultry Processing Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maldonado-Siman, Ema; Martínez-Hernández, Pedro Arturo; Ruíz-Flores, Agustín; García-Muñiz, José G.; Cadena-Meneses, José A.

    Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) is a safety and quality management tool used as major issue in international and domestic trade in food industry. However, detailed information on costs and benefits of HACCP implementation is needed to provide appropriate advice to food processing plants. This paper reports on the perceptions of costs and benefits by the Mexican poultry processing plants and sale destinations. The results suggest that the major costs of implementing and operating HACCP within poultry processing plants are record keeping and external technical advice. The main benefit indicated by the majority of processing plants is a reduction in microbial counts. Over 39% of poultry production is sent to nation-wide chains of supermarkets, and less than 13% is sent to international markets. It was concluded that the adoption of HACCP by the Mexican poultry processing sector is based on the concern to increase and keep the domestic market, rather than to compete in the international market.

  8. PLAN DE MARKETING PARA EL HOTEL CARRIZAL INN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Guillermo Félix Mendoza

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo principal de esta investigación fue la elaboración de un plan de marketing para el Hotel Carrizal Inn ubicado en la ciudad de Calceta, provincia de Manabí, Ecuador. Se estructuraron tres fases metodológicas, el diagnóstico situacional, estudio de mercado y plan turístico. En la primera fase se delimitó el área de estudio; además se efectuó un análisis interno y externo, utilizando matrices de diagnóstico como la evaluación de factores internos y externos, matriz de competidores y matriz de diagnóstico de fortalezas, oportunidades, debilidades y amenazas. En el estudio de mercado se analizaron los componentes de oferta y demanda del hotel, se determinaron algunas fallas en la denominación utilizada, según los criterios para la categorización hotelera manejada por el Ministerio de Turismo. En función del diagnóstico FODA, se generaron estrategias para el posicionamiento y comercialización del hotel. Mediante las encuestas realizadas a los huéspedes se pudo conocer el perfil del visitante que llega al hotel y se elaboró un plan publicitario, en el cual sobresale el logotipo y slogan, tríptico promocional, la promoción en página web y redes sociales. Se establecieron estrategias del mix para minimizar falencias operativas en el hotel. Se concluye que la principal nomenclatura utilizada no concuerda con los parámetros establecidos por el Ministerio de Turismo, por lo que se plantea reestructurar ciertas áreas específicas como la cantidad de habitaciones o cambiar la denominación a hostal.

  9. [Quality assurance in food production in Europe according to ISO 90000 and HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jouve, J L

    1996-12-01

    HACCP is intended to make food protection programs evolve from a mainly retrospective quality control toward a preventative quality assurance approach and to provide an increased confidence in food safety. In parallel, the continuous evolution of quality concepts in the food industry resulted in the development of quality systems and quality assurance techniques with regard to the EN 29,000 (ISO 9000) series of standards. Specific to the food industry, HACCP can be seen as a very effective method to prepare specific Safety Assurance Plans (cf. the quality assurance plan concept) within a quality systems approach (Jouve, 1993). By reference to ISO 8402, a Quality Assurance Plan (QAP) basically sets out "the specific quality practices, resources and sequence of activities relevant to a particular product, service, contract or project". Quality assurance plans are more particularly useful for projects relating to new products or processes and/or comprising inter-related tasks whose interaction may be complex. In addition, in contractual or regulatory situations, such plans can be used to demonstrate the supplier's capability to meet identified objectives, specification or standards. In the food industry, the management of safety is a critical and complex issue which fits very well in the scope of application of a specific QAP; it is also where the use of HACCP is otherwise recommended by priority.

  10. Implementation of HACCP system in production of UHT milk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Jeličić

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Regulation of the Croatian Food Law (NN 46/07 which demands implementation of food safety management system based on HACCP principles became mandatory at the January 01st 2009. According to that regulation all subjects in food production and retail sector including the dairy industry too are obligant to implement HACCP system in their production processes. In the process of HACCP implementation many problems occur which result in delaying the implementation, scarce performance of assigned monitoring actions and inadequate maintenance and improvement of the system. All of the latter mentioned problems disable proactive functioning and may lead to disturbance of food safety of the end product. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the interpretation of each steps that have to be taken in the process of implementation of HACCP system in the production of UHT milk. Thereby many practical informations and examples have been gathered while reviewing the HACCP system in KIM d.d. Dairy industry, Karlovac, Croatia. This paper contains the examples of all indentified hazards, all assigned control actions, hazard analysis and critical control point determination for the process of UHT milk production in KIM d.d. Dairy industry, Karlovac. Furthermore, also examples and ideas for the traceability, verification and validation, product recall and withdrawal procedures are given.

  11. QUALITY HACCP APPLIED TO FLIGHT CATERING INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Souza Vaz

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The quality industry try to standardize the production procedures, actions and controls work in a uniform manner so as not to cause errors in operation and customer dissatisfaction, bringing the final product according to the requested specifications. With the duty to commitment with the consumer, many companies try to answer the questions of the quality applying techniques so that their processes are so tiny they are done in the most correct and accurate as possible. Since 2008 noted a growing importance as the HACCP due the major problems occurred in the handling of food, such as food poisoning, foreign objects and sanitary quality, which are the largest and most serious problems resulting from the production process, thus generating a new culture and the care of the food. Considering the importance of the issue of the impending population growth that carry air travel as well as international agreements between countries and continents, it has being demonstrated the effectiveness of the system demonstrating in practice how they work their analysis of points of danger and an investigation into the operational process within the context of the food industry.

  12. HACCP in Small Companies:Benefit or Burden?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    EuniceTaylor

    2001-01-01

    This paper acknowledges the importance of small companies across the food chain and indntifies the slow uptake of HACCP in these companies as an area of concern for the production of safe food,This set the scene for an analysis of the barriers to HACCP implementation which include availability of appropriate training in HACCP methodology,access to technical expertise and the general resource problems of time and money ,The burden that this places on the small business,particularly in terms of documentation,validation and verification,are then discussed,The paper concludes with a summary of the burdens and benefits that this sector faces as it moves towards compliance with food safety legislation.

  13. HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points) to guarantee safe water reuse and drinking water production--a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewettinck, T; Van Houtte, E; Geenens, D; Van Hege, K; Verstraete, W

    2001-01-01

    To obtain a sustainable water catchment in the dune area of the Flemish west coast, the integration of treated domestic wastewater in the existing potable water production process is planned. The hygienic hazards associated with the introduction of treated domestic wastewater into the water cycle are well recognised. Therefore, the concept of HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points) was used to guarantee hygienically safe drinking water production. Taking into account the literature data on the removal efficiencies of the proposed advanced treatment steps with regard to enteric viruses and protozoa and after setting high quality limits based on the recent progress in quantitative risk assessment, the critical control points (CCPs) and points of attention (POAs) were identified. Based on the HACCP analysis a specific monitoring strategy was developed which focused on the control of these CCPs and POAs.

  14. Evaluation of the HACCP system in a university canteen: microbiological monitoring and internal auditing as verification tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osimani, Andrea; Aquilanti, Lucia; Tavoletti, Stefano; Clementi, Francesca

    2013-04-17

    Food safety is essential in mass catering. In Europe, Regulation (EC) No. 852/2004 requires food business operators to put in place, implement and maintain permanent procedures based on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) principles. Each HACCP plan is specifically implemented for the processing plant and processing methods and requires a systematic collection of data on the incidence, elimination, prevention, and reduction of risks. In this five-year-study, the effectiveness of the HACCP plan of a University canteen was verified through periodic internal auditing and microbiological monitoring of meals, small equipment, cooking tools, working surfaces, as well as hands and white coats of the canteen staff. The data obtained revealed no safety risks for the consumers, since Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp. and Listeria monocytogenes were never detected; however, a quite discontinuous microbiological quality of meals was revealed. The fluctuations in the microbial loads of mesophilic aerobes, coliforms, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, and sulphite-reducing clostridia were mainly ascribed to inadequate handling or processing procedures, thus suggesting the need for an enhancement of staff training activities and for a reorganization of tasks. Due to the wide variety of the fields covered by internal auditing, the full conformance to all the requirements was never achieved, though high scores, determined by assigning one point to each answer which matched with the requirements, were achieved in all the years.

  15. Evaluation of the HACCP System in a University Canteen: Microbiological Monitoring and Internal Auditing as Verification Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osimani, Andrea; Aquilanti, Lucia; Tavoletti, Stefano; Clementi, Francesca

    2013-01-01

    Food safety is essential in mass catering. In Europe, Regulation (EC) No. 852/2004 requires food business operators to put in place, implement and maintain permanent procedures based on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) principles. Each HACCP plan is specifically implemented for the processing plant and processing methods and requires a systematic collection of data on the incidence, elimination, prevention, and reduction of risks. In this five-year-study, the effectiveness of the HACCP plan of a University canteen was verified through periodic internal auditing and microbiological monitoring of meals, small equipment, cooking tools, working surfaces, as well as hands and white coats of the canteen staff. The data obtained revealed no safety risks for the consumers, since Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp. and Listeria monocytogenes were never detected; however, a quite discontinuous microbiological quality of meals was revealed. The fluctuations in the microbial loads of mesophilic aerobes, coliforms, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, and sulphite-reducing clostridia were mainly ascribed to inadequate handling or processing procedures, thus suggesting the need for an enhancement of staff training activities and for a reorganization of tasks. Due to the wide variety of the fields covered by internal auditing, the full conformance to all the requirements was never achieved, though high scores, determined by assigning one point to each answer which matched with the requirements, were achieved in all the years. PMID:23594937

  16. Development of a HACCP-based approach to control paratuberculosis in infected Irish dairy herds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAloon, Conor G; Whyte, Paul; More, Simon J; O'Grady, Luke; Doherty, Michael L

    2015-06-15

    Paratuberculosis is a challenging disease to control at farm level, in part due to the poor sensitivity of diagnostic tests and a prolonged incubation period. Simulation studies have highlighted on-farm management to be the most important factor in preventing on-farm spread. A risk assessment (RA) and management plan (MP) approach (collectively, RAMP) has been adopted around the world as the most appropriate method of controlling disease in infected farms. However, there are problems with RAMP that remain to be resolved. The RA relies heavily on farmer recollection and estimation resulting in subjectivity and substantial inter-observer variability. MPs consist of a series of qualitative, farm specific recommendations showing how management can be improved. However, MP assessment is generally conducted informally, and progress is monitored through 'end-point' diagnostic testing of adult animals and repeated risk assessments. Hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) has been developed as a proactive alternative to end-point testing. We hypothesise that farm-based HACCP systems may be a useful alternative to RAMP on farms where more intensive monitoring and evaluation of controls for paratuberculosis is required. Therefore, the objective of this methodological study was to develop a HACCP-based system for paratuberculosis control. Critical control points (CCPs) relating to peri-parturient area management, calving, new-born calf management and colostrum management were identified as areas where additional control could be exerted above existing methods. Novel monitoring systems were developed for each CCP, along with targets and corrective actions. This system is intended for use in high prevalence herds, or farms where more robust monitoring of key control points may be beneficial. It is currently being trialled on infected commercial dairy herds in Ireland. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Analysis of School Food Safety Programs Based on HACCP Principles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Kevin R.; Sauer, Kevin; Sneed, Jeannie; Kwon, Junehee; Olds, David; Cole, Kerri; Shanklin, Carol

    2014-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine how school districts have implemented food safety programs based on HACCP principles. Specific objectives included: (1) Evaluate how schools are implementing components of food safety programs; and (2) Determine foodservice employees food-handling practices related to food safety.…

  18. HACCP: Integrating Science and Management through ASTM Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    From a technical perspective, hazard analysis-critical control point (HACCP) evaluation may be considered a risk management tool suited to a wide range of applications. As one outcome of a symposium convened by American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) in August, 2005, th...

  19. [On peculiarities of introduction of HACCP in public catering].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matison, V A; Ktiukova, E V; Shilov, G Iu

    2006-01-01

    The article deals with the introduction of HACCP system (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points) in cooking food in public catering facilities: restaurant, dining-room, cafe and others. The article considers the advantages of this system and results of its introduction.

  20. The use of quantitative risk assessment in HACCP

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoornstra, E.; Northolt, M.D.; Notermans, S.; Barendsz, A.W.

    2001-01-01

    During the hazard analysis as part of the development of a HACCP-system, first the hazards (contaminants) have to be identified and then the risks have to be assessed. Often, this assessment is restricted to a qualitative analysis. By using elements of quantitative risk assessment (QRA) the hazard

  1. Evaluation of an active learning module to teach hazard and risk in Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyarzabal, Omar A; Rowe, Ellen

    2017-04-01

    The terms hazard and risk are significant building blocks for the organization of risk-based food safety plans. Unfortunately, these terms are not clear for some personnel working in food manufacturing facilities. In addition, there are few examples of active learning modules for teaching adult participants the principles of hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP). In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of an active learning module to teach hazard and risk to participants of HACCP classes provided by the University of Vermont Extension in 2015 and 2016. This interactive module is comprised of a questionnaire; group playing of a dice game that we have previously introduced in the teaching of HACCP; the discussion of the terms hazard and risk; and a self-assessment questionnaire to evaluate the teaching of hazard and risk. From 71 adult participants that completed this module, 40 participants (56%) provided the most appropriate definition of hazard, 19 participants (27%) provided the most appropriate definition of risk, 14 participants (20%) provided the most appropriate definitions of both hazard and risk, and 23 participants (32%) did not provide an appropriate definition for hazard or risk. Self-assessment data showed an improvement in the understanding of these terms (P active learning modules to teach food safety classes. This study suggests that active learning helps food personnel better understand important food safety terms that serve as building blocks for the understanding of more complex food safety topics.

  2. Fulfillment of GMP standard, halal standard, and applying HACCP for production process of beef floss (Case study: Ksatria enterprise)

    Science.gov (United States)

    A'diat, Arkan Addien Al; Liquiddanu, Eko; Laksono, Pringgo Widyo; Sutopo, Wahyudi; Suletra, I. Wayan

    2018-02-01

    Along with the increasing number of the modern retail business in Indonesia, give an opportunity to small and medium enterprise (SME) to sell its products through the modern retailer. There are some obstacles faced by the SMEs, one of them is about product standard. Product standard that must be owned by SMEs are GMP standard and halal standard. This research was conducted to know the fulfillment by the beef floss enterprise in jagalan in fulfilling the GMP standard and halal. In addition, Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) system was applied to analyze the process. HACCP which used in this research was based on the seven principles in SNI (Indonesian National Standard) 01-4852-1998. The seven principles included hazard analysis, critical control point (CCP) determination, critical limit establishment, CCP monitor system establishment, corrective action establishment, verification, and also documentation establishment that must be applied in preparing HACCP plan. Based on this case study, it is concluded that there were 5 CCPs : the boiling process, roasting process, frying process, the beef floss draining process, and the packaging process.

  3. Plan de empresa DROP S.A.S. artículos y accesorios para mascotas

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Este trabajo es un plan de empresa que determina la viabilidad del proyecto DROP S.A.S, que tiene como finalidad la producción y comercialización de artículos para mascotas. Para lograr este fin, se ha realizado el plan de mercadeo, plan de producción, plan de organización y plan financiero, al hacer un estudio detallado de cada uno de estos módulos Inicialmente se elaboró el plan de mercadeo, en el que se hizo un análisis de las fuerzas del entorno, dentro del cual, se encuentra el estud...

  4. Plan estratégico para la empresa Global Logistics (GL) para el periodo 2017-2019

    OpenAIRE

    Castello Manky, Luis Fernando; Grados Iturrizaga, Miguel Augusto; Hudson Okumura, Ciro

    2017-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación tiene como finalidad el desarrollo de un plan estratégico para la empresa Global Logistics (GL) para los años 2017 a 2019. Inicia con el análisis y diagnóstico situacional, donde se analiza el macroentorno en base al análisis PESTEL y luego se procede a analizar la industria considerando las cinco fuerzas de Porter, para, finalmente, determinar las oportunidades y amenazas que enfrenta la empresa. Una vez concluido el análisis y diagnóstico situacional, se...

  5. Plan de marketing para la herramienta de inteligencia artificial Parlakuy

    OpenAIRE

    Farro Flores, César Augusto; Gonzales Gaspar, Juan Francisco

    2017-01-01

    Parlakuy es una empresa tecnológica en formación dedicada a utilizar herramientas de inteligencia artificial, específicamente machine learning, en las redes sociales. Tiene por objetivo ayudar a resolver las necesidades de las empresas y personas para que puedan entender a sus clientes en redes sociales, identificar temas importantes para su estudio y tomar acciones preventivas ante un suceso o acontecimiento en tiempo real. Para esto crea la herramienta Parlakuy, que tiene el mismo nombre...

  6. ?????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? (?? ???????? ?????????? ????????, ?? ??????? ??????????? ???????)

    OpenAIRE

    ?????, ?????; ????????, ???

    2015-01-01

    ?????????????? ????????? ????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????; ???????? ?? ???????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ????????. ????????, ?? ????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ?? ??????? HACCP. ????????????? ????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?????, ???????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????????? ????????, ?? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????, ????????? ????????...

  7. PENERAPAN HACCP BUBUR BAYI BERAS MERAH TERHADAP PENERIMAAN DAN LAMA WAKTU SIMPAN

    OpenAIRE

    Riska Listyanti; Lilik Hendrarini; narto narto

    2017-01-01

    Penelitian ini secara umum bertujuan terlaksananya penerapan HACCP untuk bubur beras me-rah yang ditujukan untuk bayi usia 6-10 bulan, dan secara khusus menetapkan perbedaan lama waktu simpan bubur tersebut antara penerapan HACCP (variasi 1) dengan penerapan HACCP tanpa pengendalian CCP persiapan bahan (variasi 2); sanitasi alat (variasi 3); penjamah (variasi 4); cara pengolahan (variasi 5); penyimpanan (variasi 6) dan penyajian (variasi 7), serta mene-tapkan perbedaan penerimaan bubur beras ...

  8. Controlling organic chemical hazards in food manufacturing: a hazard analysis critical control points (HACCP) approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ropkins, K; Beck, A J

    2002-08-01

    Hazard analysis by critical control points (HACCP) is a systematic approach to the identification, assessment and control of hazards. Effective HACCP requires the consideration of all hazards, i.e., chemical, microbiological and physical. However, to-date most 'in-place' HACCP procedures have tended to focus on the control of microbiological and physical food hazards. In general, the chemical component of HACCP procedures is either ignored or limited to applied chemicals, e.g., food additives and pesticides. In this paper we discuss the application of HACCP to a broader range of chemical hazards, using organic chemical contaminants as examples, and the problems that are likely to arise in the food manufacturing sector. Chemical HACCP procedures are likely to result in many of the advantages previously identified for microbiological HACCP procedures: more effective, efficient and economical than conventional end-point-testing methods. However, the high costs of analytical monitoring of chemical contaminants and a limited understanding of formulation and process optimisation as means of controlling chemical contamination of foods are likely to prevent chemical HACCP becoming as effective as microbiological HACCP.

  9. Plan integral de negocios para la Empresa Rodeport

    OpenAIRE

    Banegas Lucero, Tania Maribel; Tacuri Flores, Diana Patricia

    2007-01-01

    El siguiente trabajo de investigación está dividido en 5 capítulos los cuales son de suma importancia para el desarrollo y aplicación de las estrategias para la empresa Rodeport. En el primer capítulo se habla sobre los conceptos principales de un área funcional muy importante en cualquier organización y esta es FINANZAS. La cual habla la manera en que la gente asigna recursos y divide el dinero, los costos que intervienen en esta área para el cálculo pero sobre todo, los principales estad...

  10. Evaluation of the quality of foods for special diets produced in a school catering facility within a HACCP-based approach: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petruzzelli, Annalisa; Foglini, Martina; Paolini, Francesca; Framboas, Marisa; Serena Altissimi, M; Naceur Haouet, M; Mangili, Piermario; Osimani, Andrea; Clementi, Francesca; Cenci, Telemaco; Tonucci, Franco

    2014-01-01

    A study was carried out to verify the appropriateness of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) plan adopted in a school catering facility. To that end, the microbiological quality of foods, the correct implementation of special diets (lactose- and gluten-free) and the nutritional value of foods were assessed. Thirty-six samples of lactose-free and 87 samples of gluten-free special diet food preparations were subjected to microbiological, chemical, and nutritional analyses. The data collected demonstrate the effectiveness of the HACCP plan in reducing the occurrence of microbial and chemical (lactose and gluten) cross-contamination. The data obtained from the nutritional analyses showed that the dietary intake provided by the meals under study was satisfactory.

  11. ANALYTICAL INVESTIGATIONS DURING A HACCP PROGRAMME APPLIED TO SCHOOL CATERING OF THE PERUGIA MUNICIPALITY: YEARS 2008-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Miraglia

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the results obtained during the analyses performed to evaluate the correct implementation of an HACCP plan in the school catering services of Perugia operating with the Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell’Umbria e delle Marche (IZSUM. The microbiological analyses concern the years 2008-2010 for a total of 4050 determination relative to 79 facilities. The analytical results show the risks are kept at an acceptable level in all the canteens sampled. In the time period considered no foodborne diseases were reported.

  12. 9 CFR 417.2 - Hazard Analysis and HACCP Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE FEDERAL MEAT INSPECTION ACT AND THE POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT HAZARD...) Decomposition; (viii) Parasites; (ix) Unapproved use of direct or indirect food or color additives; and (x... accordance with paragraph (a) of this section, including products in the following processing categories: (i...

  13. 75 FR 8239 - School Food Safety Program Based on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Principles (HACCP...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    ... (HACCP); Approval of Information Collection Request AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service, USDA. ACTION... Safety Program Based on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Principles (HACCP) was published on... must be based on the (HACCP) system established by the Secretary of Agriculture. The food safety...

  14. HACCP在禽肉、水产品加工中的应用%HACCP in Poultry and Seafood

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈本洲; 李海锋

    2003-01-01

    Poultry and seafood are important parts of food processing. In this article, the seven principles of HACCP and its application in poultry and seafood were described. From material to product, the hazard was deeply analysis. Based on this analysis, many methods were put up for setting up HACCP system in poultry and seafood factories, the relation of trade and HACCP also has been narrated.

  15. "Clickers" and HACCP: Educating a Diverse Food Industry Audience with Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Angela; Mendonca, Aubrey; Daraba, Aura

    2015-01-01

    Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) is a systematic approach to food safety education for the food industry. To receive a HACCP certificate, participants must receive an 80% or higher on the final examination. Language barriers, educational levels, and age have been noted as primary reasons for not passing the final examination.…

  16. Research on the Safety of Dairy Supply Chain Based on HACCP%基于HACCP的乳制品供应链质量安全管控研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋宝娥

    2016-01-01

    On the basis of analyzing dairy supply chain process, this paper identiif es raw milk production,dairy product processing and sales as critical control points. It adopts HACCP system and makes raw milk HACCP plan form, dairy product processing HACCP plan form as well as dairy product sale HACCP plan form in order to provide theoretical and practical guidance for dairy supply chain quality safety.%文章在分析乳制品供应链流程的基础上,确定原奶生产、乳制品加工以及乳制品销售为关键控制点,结合HACCP管理体系分别制定了原奶HACCP计划表、乳制品生产加工HACCP计划表以及乳制品销售HACCP计划表,以期为乳制品供应链质量安全的监控提供理论参考和实践指导。

  17. Plan de negocio para una empresa que alquila bombas sumergibles para el sector minero

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez León Corzo, Stepahnie Pamela

    2016-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación evalúa la viabilidad operativa y financiera para operar una pequeña empresa dedicada al alquiler de bombas sumergibles para la actividad de desagüe de medianas y pequeñas empresas del sector minero. Estructuralmente, la empresa estará constituida por la alta dirección conformada por tres socios quienes aportarán el 30% de la inversión inicial, el 70% restante se obtendrá mediante un financiamiento a mediano plazo con un banco local. La línea media estará c...

  18. An eight-year report on the implementation of HACCP in a university canteen: impact on the microbiological quality of meals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osimani, Andrea; Aquilanti, Lucia; Babini, Valentina; Tavoletti, Stefano; Clementi, Francesca

    2011-04-01

    An investigation aimed at assessing the microbiological quality of meals consumed at a university canteen after implementation of the HACCP system and personnel training was carried out. Cooked and warm-served products (74 samples), cooked and cold-served products (92 samples) and cold gastronomy products (63 samples) sampled from 2000 to 2007 underwent microbiological analyses. All the samples were tested for: Samonella spp., Listeria monocytogenes, total mesophilic aerobes, coliforms, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, and sulphite-reducing clostridia. The microbiological contamination of work surfaces (tables, tablewares, cutters, ladles, slicing machines, wash-basins, etc.), hands and white coats of members of the canteen staff was also assessed. The microbiological results clearly demonstrated the success of the HACCP plan implementation, through a general improvement of the hygiene conditions of both meals and work surfaces. © 2011 Taylor & Francis

  19. Evaluation of an active learning module to teach hazard and risk in Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP classes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar A. Oyarzabal

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The terms hazard and risk are significant building blocks for the organization of risk-based food safety plans. Unfortunately, these terms are not clear for some personnel working in food manufacturing facilities. In addition, there are few examples of active learning modules for teaching adult participants the principles of hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of an active learning module to teach hazard and risk to participants of HACCP classes provided by the University of Vermont Extension in 2015 and 2016. This interactive module is comprised of a questionnaire; group playing of a dice game that we have previously introduced in the teaching of HACCP; the discussion of the terms hazard and risk; and a self-assessment questionnaire to evaluate the teaching of hazard and risk. From 71 adult participants that completed this module, 40 participants (56% provided the most appropriate definition of hazard, 19 participants (27% provided the most appropriate definition of risk, 14 participants (20% provided the most appropriate definitions of both hazard and risk, and 23 participants (32% did not provide an appropriate definition for hazard or risk. Self-assessment data showed an improvement in the understanding of these terms (P < 0.05. Thirty participants (42% stated that the most valuable thing they learned with this interactive module was the difference between hazard and risk, and 40 participants (65% responded that they did not attend similar presentations in the past. The fact that less than one third of the participants answered properly to the definitions of hazard and risk at baseline is not surprising. However, these results highlight the need for the incorporation of modules to discuss these important food safety terms and include more active learning modules to teach food safety classes. This study suggests that active learning helps food personnel better understand important

  20. Plan de marketing para el posicionamiento de Ital Parquet en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Gutierrez Borda, Felipe

    2015-01-01

    El proyecto de disertación “PLAN DE MARKETING PARA EL POSICIONAMIENTO DE ITALPARQUET EN COLOMBIA”, es un proyecto basado en una empresa constituida desde 2011 en Bogotá, Colombia. Una empresa importadora y comercializadora de pisos en Madera, laminado, linoleum, Pvc, exteriores y guarda escobas. Durante estos dos primeros años la empresa ha venido desarrollando toda su estructura organizacional para poder empezar a introducir su marca como Importadora y Comercializadora de pisos en Madera...

  1. Plan de negocios para la puesta en marcha de la empresa Healthy Study Gym

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Torres, Jorge Alberto; Díaz Ramírez, Daniel Andrés

    2013-01-01

    Presenta el plan de negocios para la empresa Healthy Study Gym donde permita conocer y determinar la viabilidad comercial, de mercadeo y financiera para la constitución del gimnasio en la ciudad de Bogotá. Terminando con una proyección económica a cinco (5) años, analizando punto de equilibrio, WACC, TIR, liquidez, valor presente neto, entre otros indicadores que demuestran la viabilidad de la propuesta

  2. Plan de marketing para el hotel escuela de la universidad de Cuenca

    OpenAIRE

    Espol; Barros Morales, Paulina Alexandra

    2017-01-01

    La presente investigación está encaminada a la propuesta de implementación de un plan de marketing para el hotel escuela de la universidad de cuenca, un proyecto que nació con la intención de ligar la actividad de prestación de servicios de alojamiento y alimentación con el proceso académico de enseñanza aprendizaje, un trabajo conjunto que pretende garantizar calidad y profesionalismo en el producto. Para el desarrollo del plan, se precisó el análisis de la oferta y demanda turística de c...

  3. Plan de marketing de Wanderlust Restaurante: una carta nada estable para amantes del buen vivir

    OpenAIRE

    Escalante Vargas, Nathaly Graciela

    2017-01-01

    RESUMEN: El presente informe es un plan de Marketing diseñado para la creación de un restaurante llamado Wanderlust en la ciudad de Santander, Cantabria. Donde el presente plan le permita al establecimiento tener una herramienta de dirección para comercializar un menú tradicional de siete países: España, Francia, Italia, Perú, México, Rumanía / Rusia y Estados Unidos / Reino unido, los cuales tendrán rotación por meses y temporadas, según las opiniones de los clientes en tiempo real, en el ca...

  4. Plan para la tecnificación del riego

    OpenAIRE

    Ministerio de Agricultura; Instituto Nacional de Ampliación de la Frontera Agrícola; Proyecto Especial Ampliación de la Frontera Agrícola por Tecnificación de Riego

    1983-01-01

    Describe un plan de tecnificación del riego a nivel nacional con el fin de incrementar la productividad y por ende la producción, mediante el uso eficiente de los recursos hídricos, elevar el conocimiento técnico de los agricultores, en lo referente a la implementación, operación y mantenimiento de los sistemas de riego por aspersión, microaspersión y goteo; y determinar los consumos reales de agua, de los cultivos en los que se instalarán sistemas de riego tecnificado. Asimismo compendia inf...

  5. Hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) for an ultrasound food processing operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chemat, Farid; Hoarau, Nicolas

    2004-05-01

    Emerging technologies, such as ultrasound (US), used for food and drink production often cause hazards for product safety. Classical quality control methods are inadequate to control these hazards. Hazard analysis of critical control points (HACCP) is the most secure and cost-effective method for controlling possible product contamination or cross-contamination, due to physical or chemical hazard during production. The following case study on the application of HACCP to an US food-processing operation demonstrates how the hazards at the critical control points of the process are effectively controlled through the implementation of HACCP.

  6. Plan PrEFiNE: Plan estratégico para la enfermedad de Fabry en Nefrología

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.D. del Pino

    2016-07-01

    Discusión: El plan PrEFiNE nos permitirá evaluar la utilidad de un proyecto dirigido a mejorar el conocimiento de una enfermedad minoritaria como la EF a nivel nacional, y a partir del cual se podrán establecer las recomendaciones necesarias para mejorar su reconocimiento, además de planes enfocados a mejorar las necesidades no cubiertas detectadas durante su desarrollo.

  7. Plan de negocio para regeneración de carbón activo granular para agua de consumo humano

    OpenAIRE

    Barrera Castañé, Victor

    2010-01-01

    AB Group es un grupo empresarial dedicado a la gestión del ciclo integral del agua en todas sus vertientes. Dentro de la rama propia de agua o la de medioambiente se buscan nuevos negocios que ofrezcan buenas rentabilidades y que consoliden este liderazgo en la gestión de agua potable y todos sus actividades adyacentes. En aras de promover un área de negocio rentable cuya razón de ser tenga un enfoque medioambiental y de sostenibilidad, se ha trazado este Plan de Negocio para R...

  8. Plan estratégico TI para el Grupo de Investigación GRIAL

    OpenAIRE

    Blanco Mateos, Á. L.; Cabo Villalón, L.; Vázquez Ingelmo, A.; Zorita Garrote, S.

    2018-01-01

    Plan estratégico TI para el Grupo de Investigación GRIAL - Asignatura Gobierno de Tecnologías de la Información - Máster Universitario en Ingeniería Informática - Universidad de Salamanca. Curso 2016-2017

  9. Seafood safety: economics of hazard analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) programmes

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cato, James C

    1998-01-01

    .... This document on economic issues associated with seafood safety was prepared to complement the work of the Service in seafood technology, plant sanitation and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) implementation...

  10. A decade of sulphite control in Serbian meat industry and the effect of HACCP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomasevic, Igor; Dodevska, Margarita; Simić, Milan; Raicevic, Smiljana; Matovic, Violeta; Djekic, Ilija

    2018-03-01

    In total 7351 meat preparations and fresh processed meat products were analysed from 555 different Serbian meat producers over a 10-year period, 4.5 years before and 5.5 years after mandatory Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) implementation. From the obtained results, it could be concluded that HACCP has contributed to a better alignment of practices with the legal provisions. The share of non-compliant samples dropped from 18.6% before HACCP to 8.3% after its mandatory implementation. Average sulphite concentrations for all categories of meat preparations and fresh processed meat products decreased by 43%, declining from 33.6 to 19.3 mg kg -1 . Typical misuse and frequent abuse of sulphites was independent of a season. Application of HACCP principles in the Serbian meat industry raised awareness about the misuse of sulphites and contributed to a better control, minimising exposure to sulphites.

  11. Application of HACCP system in the ice cream production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meho Bašić

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available For enhancement of quality in all production segments, the ice cream factory «SA&JACOM» Sarajevo has made a decision to introduce a system of quality control and health safety for all of its products.Possible critical control points were analyzed and successfully specified, with hazard reduction to tolerant level, and in some cases with total hazard elimination. Using HACCP methodology, it is expected that the factory will produce the ice-creams with reliable preliminary established quality and accepted level of hygienic and health safety. All the activities are applied in a precise and documented way, so the products of this factory achieve trust of the customers and provide an official production certificate.

  12. MANAGING PRODUCT SAFETY SYSTEM HACCP ON THE EXAMPLE OF BEET-SUGAR PRODUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Golybin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The most effective safety management system of food production in all industrialized countries in the world recognized by the system based on the principles of HACCP. In Russia, the conformity assessment carried out by the HACCP system certification. The essence of the HACCP system is to identify and control the critical points. Critical Control Point – this is the stage of the process, which is subject to control for hazard identification and risk management in order to avoid the production of unsafe products. Implementation of HACCP system allows to tighten and coordinate the quality control system, which will improve the competitiveness of the products produced in the sugar market in Russia and abroad. In the early stages of food production HACCP system to prevent the occurrence of danger. It is based on the preventive approach to ensuring quality and safety in the production process, and can also be used in the development of new products. HACCP system is based on seven main principles to ensure the implementation and management of the system in production. 1. Creation of a working group of the coordinator and the technical secretary and various consultants. 2. Information on materials and products, in this case of sugar beet and sugar. 3. Information about the production. 4. Risk analysis of the available chemical, physical and microbiological factors. To determine the critical control points according to the results obtained for each factor is determined by a special chart the extent of its accounting. The need to consider the potential hazard is determined by the order in which area it has got. 5. The production program of mandatory preliminary activities in the production of sugar. 6. Determination of critical control points. 7. Making worksheets HACCP. It is shown that the use of HACCP in sugar beet production has several advantages.

  13. Cost-Benefit Analysis of Haccp Implementation in the Chinese Slaughtering and Meat Productprocessing Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Shunlong; Ma, Chenglin; Yang, Yinsheng; Bai, Li; He, Linyi

    The paper reports the results of a study of the costs and benefits associated with the implementation and operation of HACCP in the Chinese slaughtering and meat product processing industry. The research results suggest that although some kinds of intangible costs are more regularly referred to, the major costs of implementing and operating HACCP in the industry are still relatively tangible, such as investment in new equipments and product testing. And although most respondents indicated that the costs of implementing and operating HACCP were approximately in accordance with their prior expectations, still a significant majority indicated that some costs exceeded their expectations. The results also suggest that the slaughtering and meat product processing enterprises do derive benefits from implementing and operating HACCP, and some of them have derived distinct benefits. The results have implications for the further adoption of HACCP not only in the industry itself but also in the Chinese food industry as a whole. Policy makers should take account of these research results and make more quantitative researches to offer more comprehensive and classified information to help food enterprises make decisions on HACCP implementation and operation.

  14. Plan de Marketing digital para el destino turístico Cuenca-Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Espol; Calle Lituma, Numa Sebastián

    2017-01-01

    El presente trabajo de titulación se enfoca en el diseño de un plan de marketing digital para el destino turístico "cuenca-ecuador", con la finalidad de potencializar la presencia online del lugar en concordancia con los requerimientos del mercado digital. La metodología de investigación utilizada se fundamentó en el estudio de caso, ya que la misma permitió utilizar diversas técnicas cuantitativas y cualitativas de recolección y análisis de información necesaria para la determinación de l...

  15. Plan de empresa para un project manager de construcción

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Rincón, José Antonio

    2012-01-01

    Objetivos que se pretenden: Estudiar los entresijos para crear una nueva empresa de servicios en lo que se conoce como Project Manager en Construcción, estudiando de antemano las oportunidades y riesgos que se pueden correr, poniéndonos como objetivo además, incluir en el trayecto del trabajo a desarrollar el máximo de conocimientos adquiridos en los estudios de la presente carrera. En resumen, hacer un Plan de empresa para producir bienes inmobiliarios con la gestión del...

  16. Module generator of plans for dynamic processes; Modulo generdor de planes para procesos dinamicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reyes B, Alberto; Fernandez J, Jose L [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)

    2002-07-01

    This work describes the generating module of plans (Geplan) as a part of the project: Development of Techniques of Intelligent Planning for Dynamic Processes, based on techniques of artificial intelligence, and that is being developed in the Gerencia de Control e Instrumentacion the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE). The study case corresponds to the elaboration of a plan to help the plant operators in the task of taking a combined cycle central (CCC) to a stable state of operation given a specific load level. The architecture of the module generator of plans is presented and the codification of the actions allowed (ACT) is illustrated by means of rules, in addition the challenges that are due to face so that the system operates in line with the process. Also the technical aspects of the generator of plans, as well as the benefits and expectations of their use in any CCC are mentioned. [Spanish] En este trabajo se describe el modulo generador de planes (Geplan) como parte del proyecto Desarrollo de Tecnicas de Planificacion Inteligente para Procesos Dinamicos, basado en tecnicas de inteligencia Artificial, y que estan desarrollandose en la Gerencia de Control e Instrumentacion del Instituto de Investigaciones Electrica (IIE). El caso de estudio corresponde a la elaboracion de un plan para asistir a los operadores de planta en la tarea de llevar una central de ciclo combinado (CCC) a un estado estable de operacion dedo un nivel de carga especifico. Se presenta la arquitectura del modulo generador de planes y se ilustra la codificacion de las acciones permitidas (ACT) mediante reglas, ademas los retos que se deben enfrentar para que el sistema opere en linea con el proceso. Tambien se mencionan los aspectos tecnicos del generador de planes, asi como los beneficios y expectativas de su uso en cualquier CCC.

  17. Plan de clase para la enseñanza de la integral del trabajo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Flores

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo fue presentar un plan de clase, fundamentado en la Teoría Conceptual Combinada de Gilles Fauconnier y Mark Turner, para enseñar la integral del trabajo, siguiendo el modelo instruccional de Robert Gagné. Para el diseño de esta clase se utilizó la red de integración conceptual entre la integral de una función, dominio de la Matemática y la integral del trabajo, dominio de la Física. Luego se diseñó el plan de clase, el cual se fundamenta en la presentación y evaluación de la instrucción y su correspondiente retroalimentación.

  18. Plan de marketing para el posicionamiento de mercado del Taller Automotriz "Los Turbos".

    OpenAIRE

    Lomas Lomas, Shirley Karina; Riera Cevallos, Jenny Belén

    2015-01-01

    Propuesta de un plan de marketing para mejorar el posicionamiento del taller automotriz “Los Turbos”, a través de la evaluación del comportamiento del cliente y el diseño de estrategias, que permitan al negocio obtener una ventaja competitiva, incrementando la cuota de mercado y las ventas crezcan. Proposal for a marketing plan to improve the positioning of the business "Turbos", through the evaluation of customer behavior and designing strategies that allow the business to obtain a ...

  19. Plan para la promoción del envejecimiento activo 2015 en Málaga

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos Montero, Francisca

    2015-01-01

    PLAN PARA LA PROMOCIÓN DEL ENVEJECIMIENTO ACTIVO 2015 EN MÁLAGA. Francisca M. Ramos Montero, Jefa de Sección Mayores. Área de Derechos Sociales. Ayuntamiento de Málaga. Incluido en el VI Plan de Inclusión Social del Ayuntamiento de Málaga 2014-2018, en el ámbito de actuación sectorial con personas mayores, considera el envejecimiento como una etapa normal de la vida que todos esperamos alcanzar y que, efectivamente alcanzaremos IMSERSO (2006). En España la población mayor de 65 años ...

  20. PLAN DE EMPRESA PARA LA IMPLANTACIÓN DE UN RESTAURANTE AFTERWORK EN VALENCIA

    OpenAIRE

    CEBOLLADA NIZA, ALBERTO JOSE

    2013-01-01

    [ES] Este Trabajo Final de Carrera consiste en el desarrollo de un Plan de Empresa basado en el desarrollo de un novedoso concepto de negocio de Hostelería-Restauración en la ciudad de Valencia consistente en un Restaurante Afterwork, un lugar dirigido a ejecutivos que terminada su jornada laboral salen a disfrutar de una cena informal en un ambiente agradable. Este tipo de establecimientos deben poseer un atractivo especial para poder crear esa exclusividad que pretenden ...

  1. Estudio de factibilidad para un minimercado de conveniencia en el Plan Parcial La Asomadera

    OpenAIRE

    Arango Aguirre, Juan Manuel; Rodríguez Botero, Jorge Eduardo

    2016-01-01

    Este trabajo pretende analizar la factibilidad de establecer un auto-mercado de conveniencia en el Plan Parcial La Asomadera (barrio El Poblado, Medellín) a través de un estudio del mercado constructor en la ciudad -- El proceso se realizará mediante una metodología que evalúe la factibilidad legal, ambiental, comercial, técnica y financiera del proyecto, con el fin de sentar las bases para un emprendimiento futuro

  2. A NEW TOOL FOR OFFICIAL CONTROL PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT OF AN AUDIT PROGRAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Vestrini

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The new EU regulation on feed and food confirm audit like the most important tool for valuating GMP and HACCP procedures on food premises. Authors describe planning and results of 2007 audit activities.

  3. Sustainable improvement of animal health care by systematic quality risk management according to the HACCP concept.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noordhuizen, J P; Welpelo, H J

    1996-12-01

    This paper addresses the principles of the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) concept as applied to animal health management strategy. Characteristics of the concept were analysed and compared with those of current animal health care strategies for disease risk identification and herd health management, insurance, and certification. HACCP is a hybrid strategy of quality control at both production process and product level. Animal health is considered a particular quality feature. We show that process control (expressed in terms of controlling both general and specific disease risk factors) and product control (expressed in terms of testing animals or animal products for specific disease agents) could form the basis for improving animal health. We conclude that HACCP provides ample opportunity for preventive health action and risk management at a relatively low cost in terms of labour, finance and documentation expenditure, at both the farm and sector level. Epidemiological field studies are currently needed to identify critical control points and to design HACCP procedures for livestock producers. In the long run, HACCP based animal health care can be further developed into a quality control systems approach to cover all aspects that are related, either directly or indirectly, to animal health.

  4. Imbedding HACCP principles in dairy herd health and production management: case report on calf rearing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boersema JSC

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Driven by consumer demands, European legislation has suggested the use of HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point as the quality risk management programme for the whole dairy chain. Until now, an exception has been made for primary producers, but as regulations evolve, on-farm HACCP-like programmes should be ready to assure food safety as well as animal health and animal welfare. In our field experiment, the HACCP-concept was used to combine both optimal farm management and formalisation of quality assurance in an on-farm situation in the Netherlands. The process of young stock rearing was chosen, since its importance for the future of the farm is often underestimated. Hazards and their associated risk factors can be controlled within the farm-specific standards and tolerances, as targets can be controlled by corrective measures and by implementation of farm-specific worksheets. The veterinarian is pivotal for the facility-based HACCP team, since he/she has knowledge about on-farm risk assessment and relations between clinical pathology, feed and farm management. The HACCP concept in combination with veterinary herd health and production management programmes offers a promising approach to optimise on-farm production processes (i.e., young stock rearing in addition to a structural approach for quality risk management on dairy farms.

  5. Imbedding HACCP principles in dairy herd health and production management: case report on calf rearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boersema, Jsc; Noordhuizen, Jptm; Vieira, A; Lievaart, Jj; Baumgartner, W

    2008-09-01

    Driven by consumer demands, European legislation has suggested the use of HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) as the quality risk management programme for the whole dairy chain. Until now, an exception has been made for primary producers, but as regulations evolve, on-farm HACCP-like programmes should be ready to assure food safety as well as animal health and animal welfare. In our field experiment, the HACCP-concept was used to combine both optimal farm management and formalisation of quality assurance in an on-farm situation in the Netherlands. The process of young stock rearing was chosen, since its importance for the future of the farm is often underestimated. Hazards and their associated risk factors can be controlled within the farm-specific standards and tolerances, as targets can be controlled by corrective measures and by implementation of farm-specific worksheets. The veterinarian is pivotal for the facility-based HACCP team, since he/she has knowledge about on-farm risk assessment and relations between clinical pathology, feed and farm management. The HACCP concept in combination with veterinary herd health and production management programmes offers a promising approach to optimise on-farm production processes (i.e., young stock rearing) in addition to a structural approach for quality risk management on dairy farms.

  6. Application of hazard analysis critical control points (HACCP) to organic chemical contaminants in food.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ropkins, K; Beck, A J

    2002-03-01

    Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) is a systematic approach to the identification, assessment, and control of hazards that was developed as an effective alternative to conventional end-point analysis to control food safety. It has been described as the most effective means of controlling foodborne diseases, and its application to the control of microbiological hazards has been accepted internationally. By contrast, relatively little has been reported relating to the potential use of HACCP, or HACCP-like procedures, to control chemical contaminants of food. This article presents an overview of the implementation of HACCP and discusses its application to the control of organic chemical contaminants in the food chain. Although this is likely to result in many of the advantages previously identified for microbiological HACCP, that is, more effective, efficient, and economical hazard management, a number of areas are identified that require further research and development. These include: (1) a need to refine the methods of chemical contaminant identification and risk assessment employed, (2) develop more cost-effective monitoring and control methods for routine chemical contaminant surveillance of food, and (3) improve the effectiveness of process optimization for the control of chemical contaminants in food.

  7. Imbedding HACCP principles in dairy herd health and production management: case report on calf rearing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Driven by consumer demands, European legislation has suggested the use of HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) as the quality risk management programme for the whole dairy chain. Until now, an exception has been made for primary producers, but as regulations evolve, on-farm HACCP-like programmes should be ready to assure food safety as well as animal health and animal welfare. In our field experiment, the HACCP-concept was used to combine both optimal farm management and formalisation of quality assurance in an on-farm situation in the Netherlands. The process of young stock rearing was chosen, since its importance for the future of the farm is often underestimated. Hazards and their associated risk factors can be controlled within the farm-specific standards and tolerances, as targets can be controlled by corrective measures and by implementation of farm-specific worksheets. The veterinarian is pivotal for the facility-based HACCP team, since he/she has knowledge about on-farm risk assessment and relations between clinical pathology, feed and farm management. The HACCP concept in combination with veterinary herd health and production management programmes offers a promising approach to optimise on-farm production processes (i.e., young stock rearing) in addition to a structural approach for quality risk management on dairy farms. PMID:21851722

  8. Plan de negocios para la creación de una empresa comercializadora de un sistema automático contra incendios para vehículos

    OpenAIRE

    García Monroy, Miguel Ángel

    2013-01-01

    El trabajo formula el plan de negocios para crear una empresa ubicada en Bogotá, que vende, instala y realiza el mantenimiento de un sistema automático contra incendios para vehículos; esto con el fin de mejorar los sistemas de seguridad y protección de los autos, para así combatir la problemática real y alarmante de incendios vehiculares, que traen como consecuencia la pérdida de vidas humanas, materiales o monetarias y daños medioambientales irreparables

  9. Plan de marketing para mejorar los procesos de comercialización para el almacén Arco Iris de Azogues.

    OpenAIRE

    Quevedo Vázquez, Jorge Oswaldo

    2011-01-01

    Elaborar un plan de marketing que le permita adecuarse a las necesidades fluctuantes del mercado, generando una ventaja competitiva, y que logre incrementar su nivel de ventas. Este trabajo de investigación sobre el Plan de Marketing para mejorar los procesos de comercialización para el almacén “ARCO IRIS” en la ciudad de Azogues, se inició con los siguientes informantes: propietario del negocio y funcionarios que realizan sus actividades gerenciales, toma de decisiones y acciones operativ...

  10. Modelo de plan estratégico para la gestión de inventarios para los repuestos John Deere de Ponce Yepes S.A.

    OpenAIRE

    Arciniegas P., Carlos

    2002-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se propone un modelo de plan estratégico, cuya aplicación se sugiere en la empresa Ponce Yepes S.A., con el objetivo de conseguir una eficiente y eficaz gestión de inventarios para la Línea de Repuestos John Deere. El estudio se ha dividido en tres capítulos, en los cuales se van estructurando progresivamente las diferentes etapas para el establecimiento del plan estratégico que se propone. El primer capítulo contiene un resumen teórico sobre la administr...

  11. [Implementation of the HACCP system in the production line of the traditional sandwich in Phnom Penh City, Cambodia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lay, Kruy Sun; Song, Ping; Merch, Keuth; Sakona, Phoeurng; Buisson, Y

    2004-02-01

    From July 2000 to July 2001, the hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP) system was implemented to the benefit of the traditional sandwich production in Phnom Penh City Sandwiches were initially analyzed for bacterial indicators among 6 large-scale producers during a 2 months period. In the second stage of the study, two selected producers were involved in the HACCP process. Microbiological analyses revealed a poor sanitary quality of samples from all the production lines tested. Implementation of HACCP method resulted in a reduction of microbial contamination, but this decrease was not significant compared with others steps of HACCP process (chi2 test for trend, p > 0.05). HACCP system was well accepted by producers but routine practices and wrong perception by production-line workers did limit the success of the process. A regulation on the mass catering sector should be part of a large strategy of food safety and environmental health in the city.

  12. El sistema internacional -HACCP- en el actual derecho interno argentino : A propósito del acuerdo de medidas sanitarias y fitosanitarias de la OMC y las barreras no arancelarias al comercio internacional

    OpenAIRE

    Novoa Farkas, María Luz Macarena

    2008-01-01

    El programa de Análisis de Peligros y Puntos Críticos de Control conocido por su siglas HACCP, Hazar Análisis Critical Control Points,es un método de fiscalizacalización de productos caracterizado por presentar enfoques preventivos y sistemáticos, para eliminar o minimizar los peligros físicos, químicos y biológicos en los alimentos, constituyendo, en la actualidad, la mejor herramienta para el logro de la inocuidad alintaria. La implementación de este Sistema, mundialmente exigido contrib...

  13. PLAN DE EMPRESA PARA LA CREACIÓN DE UNA AGENCIA DE VIAJES DE NUEVA CREACIÓN: ANROCA SL

    OpenAIRE

    ROCHER CALBO, ÁNGELA

    2015-01-01

    [ES] La idea de trabajo de final de carrera que voy a desarrollar es un plan de empresa basado en la apertura de una nueva agencia de viajes, denominada ANROCA, SL. La empresa se especializará en viajes para negocios ya que tiene una menor estacionalidad, pero siempre tendrá recursos para satisfacer viajes de ocio. Para describir y desarrollar esta oportunidad de negocio realizaré un Plan de empresa, que va a tratar de examinar la viabilidad técnica, económica y financiera, y explicaré ...

  14. Plan estratégico para la empresa Wok S.A. 2012-2017

    OpenAIRE

    Negrón Bello, Erika; Ochoa Ayvar, Alicia; Iglesias Villamil, Franklin

    2016-01-01

    La presente tesis desarrolla un plan estratégico de cinco años para la empresa Wok, un restaurante de comida asiática ubicado en la ciudad de Bogotá, Colombia, cuya esencia radica en la demostración de su preocupación por el cuidado, mantenimiento y preservación del medio ambiente. El objetivo principal es proponer estrategias adecuadas que, en conjunto, permitan la expansión de Wok asegurando su crecimiento sostenible y continuidad, todo ello basado en sus valores y principios así como en la...

  15. Plan estratégico 2017-2020 para el Instituto Confucio PUCP

    OpenAIRE

    Temoche Cortez, Lizeth Maribel

    2016-01-01

    La presente tesis consiste en el Plan Estratégico para el Instituto Confucio PUCP, institución con más de siete años en el mercado que se encarga de difundir y enseñar la lengua y cultura china. Toda organización que busca garantizar su sostenibilidad en el tiempo necesita contar con un proceso de planeación a corto, mediano y largo plazo que acerque a la organización de una situación actual a una situación deseada. En el caso del Instituto Confucio PUCP, éste no contaba con...

  16. Plan de marketing de turismo gastronómico en Lima para Chile y Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Castro Rivera, Tatiana; León-Gambetta Martín-Arranz, Álvaro; Saavedra Castillo, Carmen; Tregear Targarona, Lorena

    2017-01-01

    xiii, 116 h. : il. ; 30 cm. El turismo en el Perú muestra un notorio crecimiento, el cual se evidencia en las alentadoras cifras para los siguientes años, así como en muchas oportunidades a futuro. En tal contexto, en este trabajo se presenta un Plan de Marketing que, al ser llevado a cabo por el Estado peruano a través de PROMPERÚ, mostrará las bondades de la cocina nacional a turistas chilenos y ecuatorianos. Con ello se logrará que el turismo gastronómico limeño crezca. A...

  17. Plan de empresa para empresa de servicios de ingeniería domótica

    OpenAIRE

    Olano Razkin, Álvaro

    2010-01-01

    En un contexto de previsible aumento de la demanda de instalación y uso de servicios domóticos, este proyecto presenta el plan para la creación de una empresa de servicios de ingeniería domótica. En concreto, la nueva empresa que se proyecta pretende dar servicio a un segmento de la demanda poco desarrollado, y por tanto poco atendido, de la demanda. Este segmento está formado principalmente por pequeñas y medianas promotoras inmobiliarias decididas a diferenciar sus viviendas ...

  18. Plan de apoyo integral para el desempeño escolar de los alumnos (paidea)

    OpenAIRE

    Morales Ramírez, María Ascensión

    2016-01-01

    Existe una gran preocupación en torno a que los alumnos vean obstaculizada su trayectoria escolar, debido, entre otros factores, a los relacionados con su situación socioeconómica y de salud, los bajos niveles de interés por sus estudios y la escasa claridad en cuanto a las expectativas para la conclusión de los mismos. Así, por ejemplo, el Plan de Desarrollo Universitario señala que más de una tercera parte de los alumnos de nuevo ingreso a la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), ...

  19. Plan estratégico para Toyota USA 2011-2013

    OpenAIRE

    Arrieta Clavijo, María Luisa Jesús; Cabero Rojas, Augusto Mauricio; Quinto Tapia, Daniel Federico

    2015-01-01

    Plan Estratégico para Toyota USA 2011-2013 permitirá, a través del uso de herramientas propias del análisis externo e interno, identificar sus ventajas competitivas, su posición competitiva y establecer los planes funcionales en tres ámbitos principales: marketing, operaciones y recursos humanos. Estos planes funcionales se enfocarán en las acciones estratégicas que permitan a Toyota generar una mayor eficiencia operativa, redireccionarse a su consumidor y aplicar una estrategia de marketin...

  20. Plan de actividades físico-deportivo-recreativo-cultural para los estudiantes de la ELAM

    OpenAIRE

    Maricela Sánchez Pérez; Emma Alfonso Trujillo,; Emma Sánchez Pérez; Yosk Vantil strillo SáncheCaz

    2017-01-01

    La población de segundo año de la ELAM, corresponde a 1935 estudiantes, donde se escogió al azar seis grupos para conformar una muestra de 565 estudiantes, 175 del sexo femenino y 390 del sexo masculino. Colaboraron con este plan las organizaciones políticas del centro, médicos, Extensión Uni-versitaria, profesores de Educación Física y el Buró Sindical del Centro. Se utilizaron diferentes méto-dos, técnicas y procedimientos como el diagnóstico, la encuesta de gustos y preferencias, el ...

  1. Plan de negocio para la creación de un establecimiento de ocio en Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    CATALUÑA MARTÍNEZ, JULIO FRANCISCO

    2017-01-01

    [ES] En este Trabajo Final de Carrera se presenta un plan de empresa para la creación y puesta en marcha de un establecimiento de ocio en la ciudad de Valencia. La empresa se trata de un local con una temática de e-sports (deportes electrónicos), en el que se puedan visualizar torneos y otros acontecimientos relacionados con el mundo de los videojuegos. Además, se puedan jugar con equipos destinados a ese fin como ordenadores y videoconsolas entre otros. Por último, oferta de bebida y comi...

  2. Development of hazard analysis by critical control points (HACCP) procedures to control organic chemical hazards in the agricultural production of raw food commodities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ropkins, Karl; Ferguson, Andrew; Beck, Angus J

    2003-01-01

    Hazard Analysis by Critical Control Points (HACCP) is a systematic approach to the identification, assessment, and control of hazards in the food chain. Effective HACCP requires the consideration of all chemical microbiological, and physical hazards. However, current procedures focus primarily on microbiological and physical hazards, while chemical aspects of HACCP have received relatively little attention. In this article we discuss the application of HACCP to organic chemical contaminants and the problems that are likely to be encountered in agriculture. We also present generic templates for the development of organic chemical contaminant HACCP procedures for selected raw food commodities, that is, cereal crops,raw meats, and milk.

  3. ESTRATEGIA ARPCC EN LA PRODUCCIÓN DE SEMILLAS GERMINADAS HACCP STRATEGY IN THE PRODUCTION OF GERMINATED SEEDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DIANA CAROLINA CHAPARRO

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available El Análisis de Riesgos y Puntos Críticos de Control conocido como ARPCC (HACCP, es un método sistemático, preventivo dirigido a la identificación, evaluación y control de los peligros asociados con las materias primas, ingredientes, procesos, comercialización y uso por el consumidor, a fin de garantizar la inocuidad del alimento. Este artículo expone una propuesta de una estrategia ARPCC orientada a garantizar la inocuidad de las semillas germinadas, basada en el sistema de ARPCC. Para ello se determinaron los riesgos (biológicos, físicos y químicos, se identificaron Puntos Críticos de Control (PCC, se establecieron límites críticos, se propusieron medidas preventivas y acciones correctivas. La metodología implementada se fundamentó en la aplicación de los Siete Principios Básicos establecidos por el Codex Alimentarius, obteniendo como resultado el diseño de la estrategia; como resultado se entregan los procedimientos indicados para obtener semillas germinadas para la alimentación humana totalmente inocuos.The Analysis of Risks and Critical Control points known like ARPCC (HACCP, it is a systematic, preventive method directed to the identification, evaluation and control of the dangers associated with the raw materials, ingredients, processes, marketing and use for the costumer in order to guarantee the innocuousness of the food. This article suggests a strategy ARPCC orientated to guaranteeing the innocuousness of the seeds germinated, based on ARPCC's system. For it the risks was established, biological, chemical and physical, there were identified Critical Points of Control (PCC, critical limits were established, they proposed preventive measures and corrective actions. The implemented methodology was based on the application of seven basic principles established by the Codex Alimentarius; the result was, the design of the strategy and the presentation of the indicated procedure to obtain germinated seeds for the human

  4. The implementation of HACCP management system in a chocolate ice cream plant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Junchao; Pua, Xiao-Hui; Liu, Chi-Te; Chang, Che-Lang; Cheng, Kuan-Chen

    2014-09-01

    To guarantee the safety of chocolate ice cream production, the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) system was applied to the production process. The biological, chemical, and physical hazards that may exist in every step of chocolate ice cream production were identified. In addition, the critical control points were selected and the critical limits, monitoring, corrective measures, records, and verifications were established. The critical control points, which include pasteurization and freezing, were identified. Implementing the HACCP system in food manufacturing can effectively ensure food safety and quality, expand the market, and improve the manufacturers' management level. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  5. The implementation of HACCP management system in a chocolate ice cream plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junchao Lu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available To guarantee the safety of chocolate ice cream production, the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP system was applied to the production process. The biological, chemical, and physical hazards that may exist in every step of chocolate ice cream production were identified. In addition, the critical control points were selected and the critical limits, monitoring, corrective measures, records, and verifications were established. The critical control points, which include pasteurization and freezing, were identified. Implementing the HACCP system in food manufacturing can effectively ensure food safety and quality, expand the market, and improve the manufacturers' management level.

  6. [Incorporation of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point system (HACCP) in food legislation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellanos Rey, Liliana C; Villamil Jiménez, Luis C; Romero Prada, Jaime R

    2004-01-01

    The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point system (HACCP), recommended by different international organizations as the Codex Alimentarius Commission, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the International Office of Epizootics (OIE) and the International Convention for Vegetables Protection (ICPV) amongst others, contributes to ensuring the innocuity of food along the agro-alimentary chain and requires of Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) for its implementation, GMP's which are legislated in most countries. Since 1997, Colombia has set rules and legislation for application of HACCP system in agreement with international standards. This paper discusses the potential and difficulties of the legislation enforcement and suggests some policy implications towards food safety.

  7. Developing a HACCP-like system for improving animal health and welfare in organic egg production - based on an expert panel analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegelund, L; Sørensen, J T

    2007-08-01

    In the process of developing a generic Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP)-like system for securing animal health and welfare in organic egg production, an expert panel analysis was used to perform the initial hazard analysis. Eighteen advisers and researchers in organic egg production were included in the expert panel. In a series of four questionnaires, the expert panel first scored 34 health and welfare problems seen in Danish organic egg production. Based on scorings of severity and occurrence, 10 problems were selected for further analysis. The experts subsequently suggested and scored risk factors for those problems and finally suggested control points, alarm values indicating the need for corrective actions in order to control the risk factors and monitoring frequencies of these. The 10 selected problems were hunger, thirst, piling, crop impaction, blackhead, pasteurellosis, bone fractures, cannibalism, predators and red mites. A total of 154 different risk factors were suggested for these problems. The 41 risk factors which rated highest in a combined scoring of importance and occurrence were selected for further analysis. There was a high degree of consensus between experts when scoring both problems and risk factors. The level of consensus, as defined by an interquartile range 1, was 79% to 100% when scoring the health and welfare problems (scale 1-5) and 77% to 95% when scoring the risk factors (scale 1-4). On average, 5.8 control points were suggested for every risk factor. Alarm values were often not detailed enough to be of practical significance and further analysis is needed in order to define these. The experts were highly diverse in their suggested monitoring frequencies and establishment of monitoring schemes should be part of developing the farm specific systems. An expert panel analysis based on questionnaires was a useful tool during the first steps of developing a HACCP plan, conducting a hazard analysis and suggesting control

  8. Plan de actividades físico-deportivo-recreativo-cultural para los estudiantes de la ELAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maricela Sánchez Pérez

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available La población de segundo año de la ELAM, corresponde a 1935 estudiantes, donde se escogió al azar seis grupos para conformar una muestra de 565 estudiantes, 175 del sexo femenino y 390 del sexo masculino. Colaboraron con este plan las organizaciones políticas del centro, médicos, Extensión Uni-versitaria, profesores de Educación Física y el Buró Sindical del Centro. Se utilizaron diferentes méto-dos, técnicas y procedimientos como el diagnóstico, la encuesta de gustos y preferencias, el análisis y síntesis, el método inductivo y deductivo, el análisis de documentos, el PNI, la consulta a especialista y el análisis matemático. Las actividades que conforman este plan son el Futbol, los Juegos de mesa y las tradicionales, la Bailo-Terapia y el carnaval comunitario con participación para la muestra y demás estudiantes. Este grupo de actividades influyen positivamente en los jóvenes, aporta conocimientos, mantiene la comunidad tranquila, despierta la creatividad, preserva la salud, fomenta las relaciones interpersonales, contribuye con el desarrollo de la personalidad, favorece a la formación de valores y fortalece los vínculos entre los países. Nuestro objetivo principal es elaborar un Plan de Actividades físicas-recreativas-deportivas-culturales.

  9. Using Dice Games to Teach Hazards, Risk, and Outcomes in HACCP Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyarzabal, Omar A.

    2015-01-01

    This article describes the incorporation of a dice game (piggy) to teach food safety hazards and risk in an engaging way in HACCP classes. Each player accumulates points by rolling two dice, but loses points in a turn when rolling a 7, or all accumulated points when rolling two consecutive doubles. This game helps explain the difference between a…

  10. HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points): is it coming to the dairy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullor, J S

    1997-12-01

    The risks and consequences of foodborne and waterborne pathogens are coming to the forefront of public health concerns, and strong pressure is being applied on agriculture for immediate implementation of on-farm controls. The FDA is considering HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points) as the new foundation for revision of the US Food Safety Assurance Program because HACCP is considered to be a science-based, systematic approach to the prevention of food safety problems. In addition, the implementation of HACCP principles permits more government oversight through requirements for standard operating procedures and additional systems for keeping records, places primary responsibility for ensuring food safety on the food manufacturer or distributor, and may assist US food companies in competing more effectively in the world market. With the HACCP-based program in place, a government investigator should be able to determine and evaluate both current and past conditions that are critical to ensuring the safety of the food produced by the facility. When this policy is brought to the production unit, the impact for producers and veterinarians will be substantial.

  11. Washing and chilling as critical control points in pork slaughter hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolton, D J; Pearce, R A; Sheridan, J J; Blair, I S; McDowell, D A; Harrington, D

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this research was to examine the effects of preslaughter washing, pre-evisceration washing, final carcass washing and chilling on final carcass quality and to evaluate these operations as possible critical control points (CCPs) within a pork slaughter hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) system. This study estimated bacterial numbers (total viable counts) and the incidence of Salmonella at three surface locations (ham, belly and neck) on 60 animals/carcasses processed through a small commercial pork abattoir (80 pigs d(-1)). Significant reductions (P HACCP in pork slaughter plants. This research will provide a sound scientific basis on which to develop and implement effective HACCP in pork abattoirs.

  12. Readiness to implement Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) systems in Iowa schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henroid, Daniel; Sneed, Jeannie

    2004-02-01

    To evaluate current food-handling practices, food safety prerequisite programs, and employee knowledge and food safety attitudes and provide baseline data for implementing Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) systems in school foodservice. One member of the research team visited each school to observe food-handling practices and assess prerequisite programs using a structured observation form. A questionnaire was used to determine employees' attitudes, knowledge, and demographic information. A convenience sample of 40 Iowa schools was recruited with input from the Iowa Department of Education. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize data. One-way analysis of variance was used to assess differences in attitudes and food safety knowledge among managers, cooks, and other foodservice employees. Multiple linear regression assessed the relationship between manager and school district demographics and the food safety practice score. Proper food-handling practices were not being followed in many schools and prerequisite food safety programs for HACCP were found to be inadequate for many school foodservice operations. School foodservice employees were found to have a significant amount of food safety knowledge (15.9+/-2.4 out of 20 possible points). School districts with managers (P=.019) and employees (P=.030) who had a food handler certificate were found to have higher food safety practice scores. Emphasis on implementing prerequisite programs in preparation for HACCP is needed in school foodservice. Training programs, both basic food safety such as ServSafe and HACCP, will support improvement of food-handling practices and implementation of prerequisite programs and HACCP.

  13. Application of HACCP in Unit of Group Meal%HACCP体系在集体用餐单位中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘蔚; 姚卫蓉

    2011-01-01

    HACCP was used in the daily food safety management of unit of group meal. First of all, potential hazards each processing procedure may cause were analyzed and 4 critical control points influencing food safty were identified including purchasing raw material, checking before acceptance, cooking process, workers, and tableware cleaning and disinfection. Related intervention measures were formulated and the HACCP plan was established to ensure that the food processing achieve safe levels, and ultimately to prevent the role of food safety problems.%将HACCP体系应用于集体用餐单位的食品安全日常管理中,首先对每个环节可能造成的潜在危害进行了分析,确定了影响食品安全的4个关键控制点,包括原料采购及验收、烹调加工、从业人员和餐具的清洗消毒.据此,分别确定了不同关键点的控制措施,并制订出HACCP计划表,确保集体用餐单位的食品加工过程达到安全水平,最终达到预防食品安全问题发生的作用.

  14. Plan estratégico de mercadeo para EUREKA Comunicación

    OpenAIRE

    Chavarría, Dorian

    2010-01-01

    Tesis de maestría -- Universidad de Costa Rica. Posgrado en Administración y Dirección de Empresas. Maestría Profesional en Administración y Dirección de Empresas con énfasis en Mercadeo y Ventas, 2010 Este documento describe el desarrollo de un plan es tratégico de mercadeo para la empresa Eureka Comunicación, dedicada a brindar asesoría en comunicación y relaciones públicas. El trabajo está compuesto por cinco capítulos cuyos contenidos son descritos brevemente a continuación. El capítul...

  15. Plan de negocios para la comercialización de empanadas en Lima - Perú

    OpenAIRE

    UPC, Repositorio Academico; Noltenius, Susanne; Olaechea, Adolfo; Rodríguez, Renzo

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo propone un Plan de Negocios para la comercialización de las empanadas Doña Clara. Se trata de un negocio estructurado, cuya misión, visión, valores y filosofía se exponen en el capítulo 1, basado en un sondeo de mercado que se describe en el capítulo 2, y con estrategias comerciales enunciadas en el capítulo 3. Los objetivos se explican en el capítulo 4 y la proyección de resultados se comenta en el capítulo 5. Empañadas Doña Clara son una propuesta nueva de comercializaci...

  16. Plan de negocios para la comercialización de empanadas en Lima Perú

    OpenAIRE

    Noltenius, Susanne; Olaechea, Adolfo; Rodríguez, Renzo

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo propone un Plan de Negocios para la comercialización de las empanadas Doña Clara. Se trata de un negocio estructurado, cuya misión, visión, valores y filosofía se exponen en el capítulo 1, basado en un sondeo de mercado que se describe en el capítulo 2, y con estrategias comerciales enunciadas en el capítulo 3. Los objetivos se explican en el capítulo 4 y la proyección de resultados se comenta en el capítulo 5. Empañadas Doña Clara son una propuesta nueva de comercializaci...

  17. Plan de las Mujeres: marco conceptual y metodología para el Buen Vivir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Paredes

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the impact that neoliberal policies have on women and sets out the epistemological fracture that communitarian feminism produces in Western feminism.  We discuss the circumstances in which, for the first time in the history of Bolivian public policies for women, a Plan de las Mujeres emerges from within women’s social organizations. This article also offers the conceptual frame that guides such a Plan, which relies on five categories or fields of direct action that help us in defending ourselves from a market that has put our very lives on sale. These categories are our bodies, our space, our time, our memory, and the movements that we are able to articulate.Este trabajo analiza el impacto de las políticas neoliberales en la vida de las mujeres y expone el rompimiento epistemológico que el feminismo comunitario produce en el feminismo occidental.  Se discuten las circunstancias en las que, por primera vez en la historia de las políticas públicas para las mujeres en Bolivia, surge un Plan desde la base y las experiencias de las organizaciones sociales de mujeres.  El trabajo presenta el marco conceptual que orienta este Plan de las Mujeres y que descansa en cinco categorías o campos de acción directa que nos ayudan a defendernos de un mercado que puso en venta nuestras propias vidas.  Estas categorías son: nuestros cuerpos, nuestro espacio, nuestro tiempo, nuestra memoria y los movimientos que articulamos.

  18. Penerapan Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP terhadap penurunan bahaya mikrobiologis pada makanan khusus anak berbasis hewani di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Dr. Soedarsono Pontianak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widyana Lakshmi Puspita

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: One way to improve the quality of food provision in hospitals is by implementing hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP in food processing. Objective: The study aimed to identify the effect of HACCP implementation to the decrease of microbiological hazards of foods for children in particular at Nutrition Installation of Dr. Soedarso Hospital of Pontianak. Methods: The study was a quasi experiment that use multiple time series design with intervention and cassation of intervention (ABA time series chain. Samples of the study were animal based food for children, cooking utensils used preparation, processing, and distribution of the food, the food providers and food processing containers. Samples were taken 3 times before and after the implementation of HACCP, each within a week duration. Result: Average germ rate in foods and cooking utensils before implementation of HACCP was relatively high. After the implementation of HACCP there was a decrease. The result of statistical analysis showed that there were effects of HACCP implementation to the reduction of microbiological hazards in foods and cooking utensils (p<0.05. Average score of knowledge on sanitation hygiene of food and practice of sanitation hygiene of foods after HACCP implementation increased. There was an increase of average score of knowledge on food sanitation hygiene and practice of food sanitation hygiene of HACCP implementation (p<0.05. Average score of sanitation hygiene of food processing container after HACCP implementation increased. Conclusion: The implementation of HACCP could reduce microbiological hazards (germ rate of animal based special foods for children.

  19. Plan de negocios para la implementación de un restaurante de comida regional en la ciudad de Piura

    OpenAIRE

    Ticliahuanca Tineo, Kelly del Carmen

    2017-01-01

    El objetivo de la investigación es estudiar la viabilidad económico financiera del "Plan de negocios para implementar un restaurante de comida regional en la ciudad de Piura", cuyos potenciales clientes son hombres y mujeres con edades entre 20 y 65 que buscan servicios gastronómicos de calidad y un agradable ambiente. Se analiza en primer lugar el entorno empresarial para determinar la situación del sector y la demanda potencial, se expone el plan estratégico del negocio, también se presenta...

  20. El plan de desarrollo de la Fuerza Armada Nacional Bolivariana, "Plan Sucre 2007-2013”, y las implicaciones para la seguridad nacional de Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Hurtado, Camilo; Cadena Afanador, Walter René

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo de investigación analiza, desde la cosmovisión neorrealista de las Relaciones Internacionales, los alcances del Plan de Desarrollo de la Fuerza Armada Nacional Bolivariana, Plan Sucre, y las repercusiones que su consolidación tendrá para la seguridad nacional de Colombia. Inicialmente se plantea un marco teórico y conceptual, lo cual permite avanzar al segundo capítulo el cual tiene como propósito fundamental describir en qué consiste el Plan Sucre. El capítulo tres analiza los a...

  1. Establish Central Kitchen under HACCP Control in Food and Beverage Industry to Ensure Food Safety and Hygiene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cuihua Qi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, food safety and hygiene have been a social problem. So, it is worth studying in-depth that how to control the safety and hygiene of food and beverage. This paper proposes to establish central kitchens under HACCP control to ensure food safety and hygiene in the food and beverage industry. Considering the practical difficulties in the application of HACCP, this paper introduces the establishment of dishes HACCP system with some examples to give the reference of the food and beverage industry. Central kitchens have many advantages while HACCP is the golden standard to ensure food safety and hygiene, hence, it will ensure food safety and hygiene if both can be combined with in the use of food and beverage industry.

  2. A model national emergency plan for radiological accidents; Plan modelo nacional de respuesta de emergencia para accidentes radiologicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The IAEA has supported several projects for the development of a national response plan for radiological emergencies. As a result, the IAEA has developed a model National Emergency Response Plan for Radiological Accidents (RAD PLAN), particularly for countries that have no nuclear power plants. This plan can be adapted for use by countries interested in developing their own national radiological emergency response plan, and the IAEA will supply the latest version of the RAD PLAN on computer diskette upon request.

  3. Municipal hydraulic planning for energy saving; Planeacion hidraulica municipal para el ahorro de energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Garcia, Enrique [PTF S.C. Consultores, Leon, Gto. (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    The efficient handling of the economic and natural resources of the municipalities, is nowadays so much complex, that it requires a formal planning. In the public service of potable water supply, two fundamental approaches are conjugated to consider: the rational use of the water resource and the efficient use of the electrical energy, for its extraction from the underground deep reservoirs. In the paper that is presented, the individual features of the previous matters are described and the positive results in a municipality of the Guanajuato's Low Lands (Bajio ), where already the dual objectives are obtained and that with a more professional municipal hydraulic planning, these will be permanent, with the inherent benefit towards the population. [Spanish] El manejo eficiente de los recursos economicos y naturales de los municipios, es hoy en dia cada vez mas complejo, que requiere una planeacion formal. En el servicio publico de abastecimiento de agua potable, se conjugan dos enfoques primordiales a considerar: el uso racional del recurso agua y la utilizacion eficiente de la energia electrica, para su extraccion de los acuiferos subterraneos profundos. En el trabajo que se presenta, se describen las particularidades de lo anterior y los resultados positivos en un municipio del Bajio guanajuatense, donde ya se logran los objetivos duales y que con una planeacion hidraulica municipal mas profesional, estos seran permanentes, con el beneficio inherente hacia la poblacion.

  4. Vyhodnotenie systému HACCP vo vybranom reštauračnom zariadení

    OpenAIRE

    Svitek, Andrej

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the thesis is to thoroughly evaluate the usage of the HACCP system in a specific restaurant. Firstly, the basics of food hygiene, wholesomeness of foodstuffs, HACCP, good manufacturing practice and good hygienic practice are explained in the theoretical part. Subsequently, a comprehensive overview of legislative requirements is created. In the empirical part, an analysis of a specific restaurant is conducted. The defects that are identified in the analysis are then eliminated by em...

  5. RESPONSIBILITIES OF FOOD BUSINESS OPERATORS RELATED TO FOOD SAFETY: CONCERNS RELATED TO HACCP IN MICRO-BUSINESSES FOOD COMPANIES

    OpenAIRE

    T. Civera; D. Nucera; A. Bellio; M. Botosso; M. Mora; R. Goi; B. Griglio

    2012-01-01

    The research was aimed at collecting information on food safety knowledge by operators of small and less developed food businesses. This will allow to reveal what are the real drawbacks in HACCP application in these realities. Fifty meat producing plants located in Piedmont region were involved. In all the plants a questionnaire with questions on HACCP system was submitted. The analysis of the collected answers, evidenced that 42% of the operators needed to perform structural modifications in...

  6. Plan de negocios para la creación de una empresade consultoría informática

    OpenAIRE

    Páliz Osorio, Víctor Manuel

    2006-01-01

    142 hojas : ilustraciones, 29 x 21 cm + CD-ROM 0247 Este documento contiene un plan de negocio desde la investigación de mercado, la identificación del servicio a ofrecer, el plan de marketing, el estudio organizacional, el plan financiero y sus indicadores, esto es valor presente neto y tasa interna de retorno, y una recopilación del marco legal vigente para la creación de empresas de este tipo en el Ecuador. Su principal fortaleza radica en el estudio de la tecnología de Inteligencia de ...

  7. PENERAPAN SISTEM HAZARD ANALYSIS CRITICAL CONTROL POINT (HACCP PADA PROSES PEMBUATAN KERIPIK TEMPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmi Yuniarti

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Malang is one of the industrial centers of tempe chips. To maintain the quality and food safety, analysis is required to identify the hazards during the production process. This study was conducted to identify the hazards during the production process of tempe chips and provide recommendations for developing a HACCP system. The phases of production process of tempe chips are started from slice the tempe, move it to the kitchen, coat it with flour dough, fry it in the pan, drain it, package it, and then storage it. There are 3 types of potential hazards in terms of biological, physical, and chemical during the production process. With the CCP identification, there are three processes that have Critical Control Point. There are the process of slicing tempe, immersion of tempe into the flour mixture and draining. Recommendations for the development of HACCP systems include recommendations related to employee hygiene, supporting equipment, 5-S analysis, and the production layout.

  8. Profitability of photovoltaic projects under the Plan Piloto de Generacion Distribuida para Autoconsumo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oviedo Mora, Bayron

    2013-01-01

    The concept of solar energy is introduced, with its characteristics and scope as a source of electric generation. The functioning of the photovoltaic projects is covered, its main components, characteristics that define, types of systems and basic concepts that should be known when designing a photovoltaic system. An Plan Piloto de Generacion Distribuida para Autoconsumo (PPDGA) of the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad is described, this plan is until the moment the only option for power generate a distributed manner in Costa Rica. An energetic study and good profitability analysis, the parameters to be taken into account and the way of calculating and interpret the indicators most used in engineering projects such as the Internal Rate of Return (IRR) and Net Present Value (NPV) were investigated to determine how should be developed. The social and environmental advantages are mentioned for the installation of a project of this type, while it is true they are difficult advantages to monetize in the developing of a profitability study, also must be valued at the time for the decision to implement the project. Two cases were chosen as examples, one for small industry level and the other at the residential level. The necessary estimates were performed to determine the optimal power to be installed in order to obtain maximum profitability, photovoltaic systems were quoted at different companies, to know the real price of equipment in today's market and credit characteristics for this type projects were consulted. Also, an estimate of the increase in electric rates in Costa Rica was made, among other necessary parameters to calculate what will happen in the projects. Finally, projects behavior was simulated, indicators of economic viability studies were calculated and sensitivity and risk studies of the two proposed projects using the RETScreen software were made. As of financial analysis and sensitivity it was determined that for both examples the proposed

  9. Diet Activity Characteristic of Large-scale Sports Events Based on HACCP Management Model

    OpenAIRE

    Xiao-Feng Su; Li Guo; Li-Hua Gao; Chang-Zhuan Shao

    2015-01-01

    The study proposed major sports events dietary management based on "HACCP" management model. According to the characteristic of major sports events catering activities. Major sports events are not just showcase level of competitive sports activities which have become comprehensive special events including social, political, economic, cultural and other factors, complex. Sporting events conferred reach more diverse goals and objectives of economic, political, cultural, technological and other ...

  10. Integration of Aquifer Storage Transfer and Recovery and HACCP for Ensuring Drinking Water Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, S. I.; Ji, H. W.

    2015-12-01

    The integration of ASTR (Aquifer Storage Transfer and Recovery) and HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point) is being attempted to ensure drinking water quality in a delta area. ASTR is a water supply system in which surface water is injected into a well for storage and recovered from a different well. During the process natural water treatment is achieved in the aquifer. ASTR has advantages over surface reservoirs in that the water is protected from external contaminants and free from water loss by evaporation. HACCP, originated from the food industry, can efficiently manage hazards and reduce risks when it is introduced to the drinking water production. The study area is the located in the Nakdong River Delta, South Korea. Water quality of this region has been deteriorated due to the increased pollution loads from the upstream cities and industrial complexes. ASTR equipped with HACCP system is suggested as a means to heighten the public trust in drinking water. After the drinking water supply system using ASTR was decomposed into ten processes, principles of HACCP were applied. Hazardous event analysis was conducted for 114 hazardous events and nine major hazardous events were identified based on the likelihood and the severity assessment. Potential risk of chemical hazards, as a function of amounts, travel distance and toxicity, was evaluated and the result shows the relative threat a city poses to the drinking water supply facility. Next, critical control points were determined using decision tree analysis. Critical limits, maximum and/or minimum values to which biological, chemical or physical parameters must be controlled, were established. Other procedures such as monitoring, corrective actions and will be presented.

  11. California Master Plan for Migrant Education, 1976 Edition (Plan Maestro de California para Educacion Migrante, Edicion de 1976).

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Div. of Compensatory Education.

    Based on the national migrant education plan, California's master plan aims to mobilize the necessary State and Federal resources, and to unify and assist the efforts of local educational agencies to end the migrant child's failure in school. The plan includes provisions for: instructional activities on a regular and extended year basis designed…

  12. Et İşletmelerine HACCP Programının Yerleştirilmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayla Soyer

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Tehlike Analizleri ve Kritik Kontrol Noktaları (HACCP programı, sağlık açısından güvenilir gıda üretimini sağlamak amacıyla, proses sırasında söz konusu olabilecek tehlikeleri tanımlama ve kontrol etme aracı olarak et işletmelerinde kullanımı giderek artan bir kontrol sistemidir. Et işletmelerine HACCP programının yerleştirilmesi, raf ömrü sınırlı olan ve uygun olmayan koşullarda işlendiğinde veya muhafaza edildiğindi insan sağlığına yönelik ciddi riskler taşıyan et ve et ürünlerinin güvenirliğini sağlaması bakımından önemlidir. HACCP yaklaşımı, özellikle mikro biyolojik tehlikeleri ve çıkması olası problemleri ortaya çıkmadan önlemeyi amaçlamaktadır.

  13. Testing to fulfill HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points) requirements: principles and examples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, I A

    1997-12-01

    On-farm HACCP (hazard analysis critical control points) monitoring requires cost-effective, yet accurate and reproducible tests that can determine the status of cows, milk, and the dairy environment. Tests need to be field-validated, and their limitations need to be established so that appropriate screening strategies can be initiated and test results can be rationally interpreted. For infections and residues of low prevalence, tests or testing strategies that are highly specific help to minimize false-positive results and excessive costs to the dairy industry. The determination of the numbers of samples to be tested in HACCP monitoring programs depends on the specific purpose of the test and the likely prevalence of the agent or residue at the critical control point. The absence of positive samples from a herd test should not be interpreted as freedom from a particular agent or residue unless the entire herd has been tested with a test that is 100% sensitive. The current lack of field-validated tests for most of the chemical and infectious agents of concern makes it difficult to ensure that the stated goals of HACCP programs are consistently achieved.

  14. A HACCP-based approach to mastitis control in dairy herds. Part 2: Implementation and evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Part 1 of the study described the development of a Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) based programme and accompanying handbook for the control of mastitis. This paper describes the implementation and evaluation of customised HACCP-based programmes, which were developed from the handbook and assessed on six Irish dairy farms. Both quantitative and qualitative (action research) research methodologies were used to measure the success of implementation and efficacy of control of sub-clinical mastitis as measured by Somatic Cell Counts (SCC) and the degree of compliance by farmers in adopting and maintaining recommendations throughout the course of the study period. No overall differences in SCC before and during the implementation of the study were found when all six farms were considered together. Three of the six study farms experienced a significant decrease in herd milk recorded SCC during the implementation of the control programme. An essential part of the study was achieving initial agreement on recommendations as well as ongoing monitoring of compliance during the study. This pilot study shows that HACCP can be implemented on farms as a means of working towards the control of mastitis and that farmer attitude, and understanding of mastitis are crucial in terms of motivation irrespective of practical approaches used to manage mastitis. PMID:21777494

  15. Implementation of hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) in dried anchovy production process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Citraresmi, A. D. P.; Wahyuni, E. E.

    2018-03-01

    The aim of this study was to inspect the implementation of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) for identification and prevention of potential hazards in the production process of dried anchovy at PT. Kelola Mina Laut (KML), Lobuk unit, Sumenep. Cold storage process is needed in each anchovy processing step in order to maintain its physical and chemical condition. In addition, the implementation of quality assurance system should be undertaken to maintain product quality. The research was conducted using a survey method, by following the whole process of making anchovy from the receiving raw materials to the packaging of final product. The method of data analysis used was descriptive analysis method. Implementation of HACCP at PT. KML, Lobuk unit, Sumenep was conducted by applying Pre Requisite Programs (PRP) and preparation stage consisting of 5 initial stages and 7 principles of HACCP. The results showed that CCP was found in boiling process flow with significant hazard of Listeria monocytogenesis bacteria and final sorting process with significant hazard of foreign material contamination in the product. Actions taken were controlling boiling temperature of 100 – 105°C for 3 - 5 minutes and training for sorting process employees.

  16. Effect of the implementation of HACCP on the microbiological quality of meals at a university restaurant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cenci-Goga, B T; Ortenzi, R; Bartocci, E; Codega de Oliveira, A; Clementi, F; Vizzani, A

    2005-01-01

    A study was conducted to evaluate the microbiological quality, including total mesophilic counts and markers of bacteriological hygiene, as indicator of food safety of three categories of the most consumed meals in a university restaurant, before and after implementation of the HACCP system and personnel training. Cold gastronomy products, cooked warm-served products, and cooked cold-served products were tested for bacterial contamination. Throughout the experiment, 894 samples were examined for total counts of aerobic bacteria, counts of indicator organisms (coliform organisms and Escherichia coli) and pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Salmonella spp., and Listeria monocytogenes). Implementation of the HACCP system, together with training in personnel hygiene, good manufacturing practices, and cleaning and sanitation procedures, resulted in lower aerobic plate counts and a lower incidence of S. aureus, coliform organisms, E. coli, and B. cereus, whereas Salmonella spp. and L. monocytogenes were not found in all samples studied. The microbial results of this study demonstrate that personnel training together with HACCP application contributed to improve the food safety of meals served in the restaurant studied.

  17. Plan de marketing estratégico y segmentación de mercados para la empresa Akros

    OpenAIRE

    Lema Ordóñez, Diana Alexandra; Mencías Cisneros, Gabriel Roberto

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo principal de la presente investigación fue determinar el comportamiento de compra del cliente organizacional en el mercado tecnológico, para de esta manera diseñar un plan estratégico de marketing adaptado a las necesidades de los clientes y a la realidad de la empresa Akros. Para alcanzar el objetivo planteado se realizó un diagnóstico interno de la empresa Akros donde se identificó las fortalezas y debilidades que la empresa posee. Posteriormente se realizó el análisis externo d...

  18. Plan de gestión del turismo de reuniones para la satisfacción del visitante de Chiclayo

    OpenAIRE

    Serruto Perea, Elvis

    2017-01-01

    El turismo de reuniones adquiere gran importancia en el desarrollo turístico de una ciudad por sus beneficios económicos y sociales. La presente tesis tiene como objetivo diseñar un plan de gestión del turismo de reuniones identificando los recursos turísticos necesarios para lograr la satisfacción del visitante en la ciudad de Chiclayo. Mediante entrevistas a expertos y encuestas realizadas, se logró realizar un análisis de la demanda y oferta para el segmento de turismo de reuniones. La in...

  19. MODELO PARA LA ELABORACIÓN DE UN PLAN DE NEGOCIOS PARA LAS EMPRESAS PEQUEÑAS Y MEDIANAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Vargas

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Las microempresas y las empresas medianas y pequeñas, conocidas con la sigla Pymes, han venido cobrando cada vez más importancia tanto en su contribución a la economía de Colombia, como al bienestar de sus habitantes, al ir ganando participación a las grandes empresas en el volumen de producción y las plazas de empleo generadas en el país. Igualmente, las empresas de estas categorías han venido aumentando su participación en la cantidad de puestos de trabajo en Colombia, en la producción, en el Producto Interno Bruto y en las exportaciones. En 1998, según el estudio desarrollado por el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo y el Centro de Desarrollo Empresarial se encontró que la principal debilidad que tienen las Pymes colombianas es la planeación. Para efectos de llevar a cabo la planeación de sus negocios, los empresarios cuentan con algunos recursos externos a la empresa. Las entidades que pueden prestar ayuda a los empresarios en sus procesos de planeación son de dos tipos: instituciones cuyo objetivo es promover la creación y desarrollo de empresas y empresas privadas dedicadas a actividades de consultoría, con fines comerciales. No obstante, hay un vacío en lo referente a recursos que les permitan llevar a cabo sus propios procesos de planeación. Como conclusión de lo anterior, se encontró que sería importante para los empresarios colombianos contar con una herramienta que les sirviera de ayuda para desarrollar sus procesos de planeación, sin requerir la intervención de entes externos a la empresa. ...

  20. Propuesta de reordenamiento para el centro parroquial de Calderón, aporte para el plan de desarrollo local

    OpenAIRE

    Galarza Duque, Diego Vinicio

    2014-01-01

    La presente investigación, es un trabajo académico que pretende desarrollar conocimiento de carácter geográfico, mediante la aplicación de procesos utilizados en las metodologías para la elaboración de planes de desarrollo y ordenamiento territorial de, la Secretaría Nacional de Planificación de la República del Ecuador, los procesos del Doctor Domingo Gómez Orea y el análisis de teorías de crecimiento de las ciudades latinoamericanas expuestas por varios autores, estos últimos utilizado como...

  1. Contextualization of Brazilian energy policy: SALTE Plan to Brasil para todos plan; Contextualizacao da politica energetica brasileira: do Plano SALTE ao Plano Brasil para Todos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Longo, Riolando; Bermann, Celio [Universidade de Sao Paulo (IEE/USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Eletrotecnica e Energia. Programa de Pos-graduacao em Energia

    2010-07-01

    Brazil has accumulated a significant experience in governmental planning from 1940 onwards. Since the first attempts after the Second World War, the country has tried to create and implement several governmental plans, starting with the SALTE (In Portuguese SALTE is the acronym of Health, Food, Transport and Energy) Plan in 1947 and continuing with various other plans until current days. Throughout the last six decades, Brazil has undertaken diverse attempts to plan and better organize the process of national economic development. This work presents a historical evaluation of the public politics implemented in the sectors - Energy and Industrial - to verify the existence of a correlation and dependence between them, from the second half of the twentieth century until today. Brazil has become more mature from the industrial point of view and has managed to progress in technology throughout these plans. However, despite some isolated sector progress, Brazilian society has remained imbalanced and the lower-class continued to suffer from inequality in education, health and living standards. Due to political changes, the evolution of energy demand and industrial consumption expansion, this study analyses in the period mentioned above, the historical behavior; the economic, industrial and energy trends of the country. (author)

  2. Agriculture in the plan change to build peace. An internal critique El agro en el plan Cambio para construir la paz. Una crítica interna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivera Carlos Fernando

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the nature, bases, and coherence requirements of a plan, in order to specify the methodological criteria of its internal critique of the agricultural chapter. The examination of its diagnosis leads to a different diagnosis, which is inferred by the objective of "integrating the rural sector": the persistence of the agrarian problem, expressed in a bimodal structure, polarized into 'the economic' and 'the social'. The plan's objective reveals a long-term vision: to
    contribute to the solution of the agrarian problem. Thus, the policies differentiate between the advanced entrepreneurial and peasant sectors, for which it designs different strategies which assign different roles for the state: to facilitate socioeconomic processes for the former, and to promote rural development for the latter. The article shows that the Plan maintains internal coherence, and illustrates its limitations
    due to the institutional environment, which is manifested in its
    design and in the possibilities for its execution. It concludes that the most important policies are the weakest, and that rural developmerlt is not only a problem of social design, but above all of the mentality and commitment of society on all levels.Este articulo expone la naturaleza, fundamentos y requerimientos de coherencia de un plan para precisar los criterios metodologicos de su critica interna al capitulo agropecuario. El examen de diagnostico lleva a un diagnostico diferente, que se infiere del objetivo de "integrar al sector rural" la persistencia del problema agrario en el pais, expresada en un estructura bimodal, polarizada en lo economico y en lo social. El objetivo del plan revela una vision de largo plazo: contribuir a resolver el problema agrario. Adi, las politicas diferencian entre sector empresarial avanzado y campesino, para los cuales diseña estrategias distintan que asignan un papel distinto al Estado: facilitar procesos socio-economicos para

  3. Metal food packaging design based on hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP system in canned food safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Xingyi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to design metal food packaging with hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP. First, theory of HACCP was introduced in detail. Taking empty cans provided by Wuxi Huapeng Food Packaging Company as an example, we studied migration of bisphenol compounds in coating of food can to food stimulant. Moreover, packaging design of luncheon meat can was taken as an example to confirm whether HACCP system could effectively control migration of phenolic substance. Results demonstrated that, coating of such empty were more likely to contain multiple bisphenol compounds such as bisphenol A (BPA, and bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE was considered as the leading bisphenol pollutant; food stimulant of different types, storage temperature and time could all impact migration of bisphenol compounds. HACCP system was proved to be effective in controlling hazards of phenolic substance in luncheon meat can and could reduce various phenolic substance indexes to an acceptable range. Therefore, HACCP can control migration of phenolic substance and recontamination of food and thus ensure food safety.

  4. HACCP and the management of healthcare associated infections: are there lessons to be learnt from other industries?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffith, Chris

    2006-01-01

    Hospital cleaning and healthcare associated infections (HCAIs) continue to attract adverse media attention and consumer concern. Parallels exist with similar publicity relating to cleaning and food safety in the food industry almost 13 years earlier. This paper examines some of the management solutions developed in the food industry, and discusses their application to healthcare delivery. The food industry is managing food safety by adopting a dual approach based on pre-requisite programmes and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP). How these differ is described and how the approaches and terminology can be adapted for use in healthcare is discussed. The food industry is moving towards external certification of safety using national and international standards. The HACCP approach, a management tool and a central requirement of these standards, is evolving and there is interest worldwide from the healthcare community. Its application to the decontamination of endoscopes, using conventional HACCP, is presented, as well as suggestions for a simplified format for managing patient-related procedures. Taking this type of approach to the management of HCAIs could provide greater transparency, reduce infection rates and increase consumer confidence. Potential problems in adopting HACCP, including cost and human resource, are discussed. The HACCP method/approach has previously been mentioned in the medical literature but this paper is one of the few to examine, from basic principles, its infection control application within a broader approach to quality assurance.

  5. APPLICATION OF THE HACCP METHOD IN THE SWINE ABATTOIR BY SCALDING-SKINNING ECOLOGICAL PROCESSING / APPLICATION DE LA METHODE HACCP DANS L’ABATTOIR PORCIN PAR LE PROCESSUS ECOLOGIQUE D’ÉCHAUDAGE-DÉPEÇAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IULIAN SUCEVEANU

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In the food industry development, the food safety and the valorization of by-products represent important aspects. The present study consists in the application of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP method in pig slaughterhouses for scalding-skinning technology in order to ensure the conformity of meat quality and the by-products management and recycling. In order to optimize the scalding-skinning process of swine, all the classical technological steps of the technological processes were analyzed separately and globally, with the adaptation of the HACCP method for the new technology. The result of this study shows that the implementation of the new technology that combines existing technologies has many advantages from both an economic and a technological point of view. At the same time the new technology ensures food safety by taking account of the application of the food safety system, respectively, HACCP method.

  6. Desarrollo de un plan de marketing digital para una aplicación móvil basada en planes de ocio

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Padilla, Sergio

    2017-01-01

    En este documento se definirá un Plan de Marketing Digital para una idea de negocio presentada en el proyecto de fin de carrera de la ETSIT UPM por Leonor Barrueco en 2015. Dicho proyecto documentaba un plan de negocio para una aplicación móvil basada en planes de ocio llamada LOCALING , pero dejaba pendiente, para una etapa posterior, la definición con más detalle del plan de marketing digital, que es precisamente lo que se desarrollará en el presente Proyecto de Fin de Carrera. Este P...

  7. Post-operative endophthalmitis: the application of hazard analysis critical control points (HACCP) to an infection control problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baird, D R; Henry, M; Liddell, K G; Mitchell, C M; Sneddon, J G

    2001-09-01

    Hazard analysis critical control points (HACCP) is a quality assurance system widely used in the food industry to ensure safety. We adopted the HACCP approach when conventional infection control measures had failed to solve an ongoing problem with an increased incidence of postoperative endophthalmitis, and our ophthalmology unit was threatened with permanent cessation of intraocular surgery. Although time-consuming, the result was an entirely new set of protocols for the care of patients undergoing intraocular surgery, the development of an integrated care pathway, and a comprehensive and robust audit programme, which enabled intraocular surgery to continue in a new spirit of confidence. HACCP methodology has so far been little used in healthcare, but it might be usefully applied to a variety of apparently intractable infection control problems. Copyright 2001 The Hospital Infection Society.

  8. Plan de negocio para la creación de empresa “E!- Wellness”

    OpenAIRE

    Betancourt Peláez, Sandra Milena; Guayacán Rincón, Ginna Paola; Villalba Mayorga, Marilen

    2013-01-01

    Estudio de viabilidad para la creación y puesta en marcha de la empresa E!- WELLNESS; organización que tiene como objetivo principal, prestar y ofrecer alternativas únicas y novedosas en el entorno de Bienestar Laboral Empresarial, combinando las últimas tendencias en actividades de bienestar y pausas activas para los empleados y toda una plataforma dinámica e interactiva provista por las consolas de Video Juegos y las Pantallas Led de alta resolución. Para las empresas, es un espacio pro...

  9. PENERAPAN HACCP BUBUR BAYI BERAS MERAH TERHADAP PENERIMAAN DAN LAMA WAKTU SIMPAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riska Listyanti

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini secara umum bertujuan terlaksananya penerapan HACCP untuk bubur beras me-rah yang ditujukan untuk bayi usia 6-10 bulan, dan secara khusus menetapkan perbedaan lama waktu simpan bubur tersebut antara penerapan HACCP (variasi 1 dengan penerapan HACCP tanpa pengendalian CCP persiapan bahan (variasi 2; sanitasi alat (variasi 3; penjamah (variasi 4; cara pengolahan (variasi 5; penyimpanan (variasi 6 dan penyajian (variasi 7, serta mene-tapkan perbedaan penerimaan bubur beras merah variasi 1 dan bubur organik sebagai kontrol positif. Hal ini dilatar-belakangi karena dalam proses pembuatan bubur beras merah oleh ibu bayi, pada pemilihan bahan, sanitasi alat, penjamah dan cara pengolahan tidak memenuhi sya-rat. Begitu juga pada proses pengolahan bubur organik, pada sanitasi alat, penjamah, penyim-panan dan penyajian juga tidak memenuhi syarat. Metoda pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah observasi, dengan bahan penelitian bubur hasil olahan sendiri. Hasil analisis menunjukan bahwa: bayi homogenisasi yang menerima bubur beras merah olahan sendiri adalah sebesar 73,25 %, dan yang menerima bubur organik pabrikan sebesar 46,5 %; penerimaan bubur beras merah dengan bubur organik berbeda secara bermakna (nilai p: 0,022. Selain itu diketahui pula bahwa lama waktu simpan bubur beras merah variasi 1 lebih dari 12 jam; variasi 2, 12 jam ( p: 1,00; variasi 3, 12 jam (p: 0,831; variasi 4, 11 jam (p: 0,862; variasi 5, 11 jam (p: 0,478; variasi 6, 8 jam (p: 0,155; dan variasi 7, 11 jam (p: 0,473. Dengan demiki-an dapat disimpulkan bahwa lama waktu simpan bubur beras merah variasi 2, 3, 4, 5 dan 6 tidak berbeda dengan variasi 1.

  10. Implementação e verificação de sistemas HACCP em clientes da empresa Genialmed

    OpenAIRE

    Pastor, Rute Andreia Lopes

    2014-01-01

    Resumo A empresa Genialmed, Lda., com sede em Buarcos, concelho da Figueira da Foz, apresenta variados serviços, nomeadamente nas áreas da segurança e saúde no trabalho, implementação e manutenção de Sistemas HACCP, e formação, proporcionando apoio às empresas no cumprimento das suas obrigações legais. O estágio na empresa teve como principais objetivos o acompanhamento da implementação e manutenção de Sistemas HACCP, de acordo com as necessidades dos clientes da empresa, bem como a colab...

  11. HACCP在餐饮业中的应用%Application of HACCP to restaurant industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S.Seward; 李刚; 蒋纲

    2001-01-01

    @@ 在餐饮业中有效地使用危害分析和关键控制点系统(HACCP),需要将其与日常操作紧密结合起来.要做到这一点,需要在传统意义上用于食品制造业的HACCP系统和适于餐饮业的灵活的过程控制系统之间寻求一种平衡.

  12. Plan de manejo sostenible de tierra para la producción de leche en la UBPC Aguadita, Cienfuegos, Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eligia de la C Cuellar

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio en la UBPC Aguadita, del municipio Rodas _provincia Cienfuegos, Cuba_, con el objetivo de elaborar un plan de manejo sostenible del suelo para incrementar la producción de leche. Se utilizó la guía contenida en el manual de procedimientos para la implementación del manejo sostenible de tierra. Los pasos de la guía permitieron concebir una investigación no experimental, de tipo correlacional/múltiple, en la que se utilizaron métodos teóricos y prácticos con sus correspondientes técnicas (entrevistas, encuestas, revisión documental, observación directa; y se realizaron mediciones en el lugar, con la aplicación de diez herramientas metodológicas. Se demostró que la baja producción de leche en la UBPC es causada fundamentalmente por la degradación de los suelos, la mala calidad de los pastos y la deficiente gestión del conocimiento, lo que coincide con la principal barrera para la aplicación del manejo sostenible de tierra. A partir de estos resultados se elaboró el plan de manejo sostenible, como herramienta que contribuye a desarrollar acciones que mitiguen el impacto negativo de la degradación de suelos en el rendimiento lechero de la unidad.

  13. Metodología para un proceso apreciativo, dinámico y colaborativo: III Plan de Salud de Canarias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Joaquín O'Shanahan Juan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available La necesidad de nuevos enfoques de planificación estratégica con la incorporación de la visión de profesionales y ciudadanos ha orientado un nuevo modelo para el III Plan de Salud de Canarias (IIIPSC. Se propone un proceso participativo con soporte de metodología cualitativa en dos etapas: 1 fase local: estudio cuantitativo-cualitativo a través de una acción formativa y de investigación-acción-participación, y 2 fase insular: conferencias de salud, con debate sobre resultados en sesiones presenciales en cada área de salud (isla y propuestas de acción. El proceso define una priorización de problemas y un plan de acción específico para cada isla mediante operaciones consideradas viables, agrupadas por temas y ponderadas según el potencial impacto sobre los problemas priorizados. Este proceso de interacción puede contribuir a orientar los cambios de modelo de planificación y la toma de decisiones en política sanitaria, y se encuentra recogido en el Proyecto del IIIPSC para su tramitación parlamentaria.

  14. Plan de márketing para el Hotel Viena Internacional categoría 3 estrellas ubicado en el Centro Histórico de Quito

    OpenAIRE

    Revelo Manzano, Martha Alejandra

    2011-01-01

    Se requiere de un estudio de mercado para conocer las necesidades de los clientes, además las fortalezas, debilidades, oportunidades y amenazas de nuestro entorno con el propósito de establecer una diferenciación con la competencia. Ante estos nuevos cambios y necesidades es importante proponer un Plan de Marketing para el Hotel Viena Internacional.

  15. EVALUACIÓN DE PRERREQUISITOS EN EL SISTEMA HACCP EN EMPRESAS DEL SECTOR AGROALIMENTARIO AVALIAÇÃO DE PRERREQUISITOS NO SISTEMA HACCP EM EMPRESAS DO SETOR AGROALIMENTAR EVALUATION OF PREREQUISITES IN HACCP SYSTEM IN AGRO-FOOD INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Gutiérrez

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta un diagnóstico de la gestión de la higiene basado en el cumplimiento de los prerrequisitos de un sistema HACCP, en 53 empresas del sector agroalimentario que operan en el departamento del Huila en Colombia. La metodología de evaluación correspondió a la verificación del cumplimiento de las listas de chequeo de dos instrumentos: GHYCAL (Gestión de la Higiene y Calidad y S&Q (Safety and Quality on Food. Los resultados permitieron encontrar niveles de gestión de la higiene en una escala porcentual y clasificar 34 empresas en nivel de cumplimiento bajo, que incluye niveles entre el 0 % y el 75 %; 12 empresas en nivel de cumplimiento básico, al obtener valoraciones entre el 75 % y el 95 %, y 7 empresas con nivel de cumplimiento superior, por resultar con evaluaciones superiores al 95 %; adicionalmente se valoraron similitudes y diferencias entre empresas y entre sectores estudiados, haciendo uso de técnicas de estadística multivariada.Neste artigo apresenta-se um diagnóstico da gestão da higiene baseado no cumprimento dos prerrequisitos do sistema HACCP, em 53 empresas do setor agroalimentar que operam no departamento do Huila, na Colombia. A metodologia de avaliação correspondeu a verificação do cumprimento das listas de verificação de dois instrumentos: GHYCAL (Gestáo da Higiene e Qualidade e S&Q (Safety and Quality on Food. Os resultados permitiram achar níveis da gestáo da higiene em uma escala percentual e classificar 34 empresas no nível baixo de cumprimento, que inclui níveis entre 0 % e 75 %; 12 empresas com nível de cumprimento básico, com valoragoes entre 75 % e 95 %, e 7 empresas com nível de cumprimento superior, com avaliagoes acima do 95 %; adicionalmente, foram valorizadas as semelhangas e as diferengas entre as empresas e os setores estudados, utilizando técnicas da estatística multivariada.This paper presents an analysis of the hygiene management based on the compliance with

  16. Aspectos macroeconómicos del plan nacional de desarrollo cambio para construir la paz Macroeconomic aspects of the development plan change to reach peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rhenals M. Remberto

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available En el Plan Nacional de Desarrollo "Cambio para construir la Paz" se presenta una plitica de estabilizacion que pretende establecer los equlibrios macroeconomicos y elevar el ritmo de crecimiento de la economia colombiana. Este articulo analiza la propuesta de politica economica del plan, incluida en la seccion "Macroeconomia, crecimiento y empleo". En particular se estudia la estrategia de estabilizacion y crecmiento de la economia. Las principales conclusiones de nuestro analisis son: a el ajuste fiscal propuesto es poco efectivo porque no reduce de forma importante el gasto corriente. Esto puede afectar el crecimiento normal de la economia porque se reduce la inversion publica y no se reasignan fondos hacia areas prioritarias como la formacion de capital humano y la investigacion en ciencia y tecnologia; y b el programa macroecnomico tiene problemas de consistencia. Segun nuestras estimaciones, el lento crecimiento del ahorro domestico seria insuficiente para mantener un crecimiento sostenido del Pib.The economic and social planning project in Colombia, 'Change to reach peace' presents mainly a stabilization policy that intends to restore macroeconomic equilibrium and also pretends to increase the economic growth in the presidential period of 1998-2002. This article analyses the economic policy proposal included in the section "Macroeconomics,growth and employment". More precisely it is concerned in the stabilization and growth strategy. Ourmain conclusions are: a fiscal adjustment is not effective, becauseit does not reduce government consumption. This situation can affect potential economic growth due to a decrease in public investment and there will not be a reallocation of resources for human capital and investment in research and development; b macroeconomic plan is not consistent. Based on our estimations, slow growth of domestic saving could not be enough to maintain a sustainable process of economic growth.

  17. Ensayos pedagógicos para la planificación y uso del suelo de Quito. Plan Bicentenario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Dolores Montaño Huerta

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Quito se enfrenta al desafío de resolver la planificación de su territorio. A través del proyecto urbano "Plan especial Bicentenario: Consolidación del Parque de la Ciudad y Redesarrollo de su Entorno Urbano" implementado por la Alcaldía del Distrito Metropolitano de Quito 2009/2014 alrededor del espacio vacío que quedó desde la salida del aeropuerto de Quito se realizó investigación en aula con reflexiones, análisis y soluciones arquitectónicas, desde el Taller de Arquitectura 7/8 de la FADA-PUCE3. Los estudios, análisis y ensayos del documento se basan en la experiencia académica en dos semestres, ene/mayo y ago/dic de 2013 en el Taller para probar la validez del Plan, estudiando volúmenes y anteproyectos arquitectónicos que permitieron analizar, evaluar, sopesar y criticar el Plan Bicentenario, así como las posibles opciones para la ocupación del territorio.

  18. PLAN PARA LA ELIMINACIÓN DEL SARAMPIÓN Y LA RUBEOLA EN ESPAÑA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurora Limia Sánchez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El Plan de Eliminación del Sarampión en España, del año 2001, y el Protocolo de vigilancia de la rubeola y del síndrome de la rubeola congénita en fase de eliminación, del año 2007, componen el actual Plan para la elimi-nación de ambas enfermedades en España. Desde 2010 se está reforzando el seguimiento de la eliminación del sarampión y la rubeola en la Región Euro-pea de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS, solicitando información anual a los estados miembros sobre la situación del sarampión y la rubeola desde el año 2013. Ese mismo año, a instancias de la OMS, el Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad nombró el Comité Nacional de Verificación de la Eliminación del Sarampión y la Rubeola en España para la revisión y envío de la información solicitada. En este artículo se comentan las estrategias y actividades actuales reco-mendadas por la Región Europea de la OMS, el proceso de verificación en España y los pasos a seguir para la actualización del Plan de eliminación del sarampión y la rubeola en España.

  19. Formulación de un plan estratégico de marketing para la empresa Diseño Visual en la ciudad de Cuenca

    OpenAIRE

    Rivera Cajamarca, María Elisa; Uyaguari Castillo, Martha Paola

    2010-01-01

    Nuestro trabajo de grado se trata de la Formulación de un Plan Estratégico de Marketing para la Empresa Diseño Visual que es una empresa dedicada a la publicidad gráfica en distintos tipos de materiales, hemos realizado esta propuesta considerando que los productos y servicios que ofrece la empresa son de muy buena calidad pero que a la empresa le hace falta darse a conocer en el mercado para alcanzar posicionamiento, en este sentido el Plan de Marketing Estratégico es imprescindible para que...

  20. Plan estratégico para Cemento Pacasmayo S.A.

    OpenAIRE

    Mayorca Castillo, Carolina; Miranda Mendoza, Alberto; Solano Arroyo, Luis Enrique; Tuesta Aguilar, Manuel Antonio

    2016-01-01

    xii, 119 h. : il. ; 30 cm Este documento constituye un planeamiento estratégico para la empresa Cementos Pascamayo, cubriendo el período 2016-2030. Se proyecta que al finalizar este plazo la empresa estará entre las tres primeras de América Latina, cubriendo el Perú y con presencia en otros países de la región. Para ello deberá ampliar su infraestructura, realizar aventuras conjuntas en mercados extranjeros y desarrollar nuevos productos, entre otros. Los objetivos de largo ...

  1. ULTIMOS ADELANTOS EN DIAGNOSTICO Y PLAN DE TRATAMIENTO PARA LA ODONTOLOGIA RESTAURADORA

    OpenAIRE

    Flores Rubio, Mariano

    2014-01-01

    La Odontología es un profesión muy joven y aunque progresa en progresión geométrica, se siguen manteniendo hábitos del pasado para procedimientos fundamentales. Me estoy refiriendo a costumbres tradicionales de utilización de métodos y criterio profesional, basados en el cálculo y la experiencia. La Odontología es un profesión muy joven y aunque progresa en progresión geométrica, se siguen manteniendo hábitos del pasado para procedimientos fundamentales. Me estoy refiriendo a costumbres tr...

  2. Plan de empresa para la apertura de una Clínica Dental en Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Llinares Noguera, Vicente

    2014-01-01

    [ES] En el presente trabajo analizaré el proceso de creación de una clínica dental, llevando a cabo un exhaustivo estudio de las acciones necesarias para emprender un negocio. De este modo se trata la creación de una clínica dental tanto desde puntos de vista legales, como económicos. La investigación se centra en la apertura de negocio desde el punto de vista emprendedor. El primer paso para la creación de una empresa es saber cual es su propósito, por lo que a priori...

  3. Plan de negocio para la creación de una empresa de turismo deportivo

    OpenAIRE

    MOLINA VILLALBA, GABRIELA HORTENSIA

    2014-01-01

    En el siguiente proyecto se pretende crear una empresa dedicada al turismo deportivo, en este caso su sede se encuentra en Valencia y su denominación social será “World Wide Valencia S.L”. El turismo deportivo hace referencia a los viajes que se realizan para ver o participar en un evento o actividad deportiva. Se crearan diferentes tipos de packs en los que se incluirán hospedaje, tour por la ciudad y tickets para los eventos o actividades deportivas en las ciudades de dest...

  4. PLAN DE MARKETING PARA LA EXPORTACIÓN DE PANETÓN A ESTADOS UNIDOS PERIODO 2012 - 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Altamirano Flores, Ernesto; Ingeniero agroindustrial - Mg. Sc. Agronegocios. Docente Auxiliar Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima, Perú.; Espinoza Villanueva, Luis; Coordinador de la Maestría en Agronegocios – Mg. Sc. Docente Principal de la Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima, Perú.

    2015-01-01

    En el Perú las empresas panetoneras de Lima metropolitana, no sólo producen panetón en su mayoría, también producen toda las variedades de panes y pasteles, se enfrentan a un mercado nacional altamente competitivo con las empresas trasnacionales e informales. Por tanto, el objetivo principal de esta investigación es, elaborar un plan de marketing para la exportación de panetón producido en Lima, con la finalidad de incrementar las ventas, posicionar el producto en el mercado internacional y s...

  5. Plan estratégico para la línea fitocosmética de Laboratorios QFA Ltda

    OpenAIRE

    Coronilla Burbano, Carlos Andrés; Pérez Galindo, Dahiana Fernanda

    2014-01-01

    El presente estudio tiene por finalidad la creación de un plan estratégico que permita la consolidación en el sector fitocosmetico y generar el capital suficiente para asegurar su continuidad de Laboratorios QFA Ltda. En la primera sección de este trabajo se desarrolló un análisis diagnóstico de la situación actual de la empresa mediante el uso de 3 herramientas que permitieron tener un panorama claro de su estructura actual de negocio y de sus fortalezas y debilidades. Medi...

  6. PLAN DE GESTIÓN DEL TURISMO DE REUNIONES PARA LA SATISFACCIÓN DEL VISITANTE DE CHICLAYO

    OpenAIRE

    Serruto Perea, Elvis; Universidad San Martín de Porres – Filial Norte, Chiclayo; Cabrera Cabrera, Xiomara; Universidad Señor de Sipán, Lambayeque

    2017-01-01

    El turismo de reuniones adquiere gran importancia en el desarrollo turístico de una ciudad por sus beneficios económicos y sociales. El objetivo de la investigación fue diseñar un plan de gestión del turismo de reuniones identificando los recursos turísticos necesarios que logren la satisfacción del visitante en la ciudad de Chiclayo. Mediante entrevistas a expertos y encuestas realizadas, se logró realizar un análisis de la demanda y oferta para definir las fortalezas, oportunidades, debilid...

  7. Plan de negocio para comercializar la franquicia Frozyu Frozen yogurt en el sector urdesa de la ciudad de Guayaquil.

    OpenAIRE

    Asanza Guapacasa, Rosa Zulay; Saavedra Vargas, Dipson César

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo del plan de negocios es presentar el panorama de establecer la franquicia Frozyu Frozen Yogurt en la ciudad de Guayaquil sector Urdesa para que pueda ser analizado por inversoras y personas interesadas en adquirir la franquicia. Frozyu es una marca registrada enfocada a la elaboración de helado de yogurt natural sin grasa y nutritivo. This business plan’s objective is to present an overview about how to open a Frozyu Frozen Yogurt’s franchise in Guayaquil City – Urdesa area so ...

  8. Propuesta de plan de cuidados para pacientes con cirugía de reasignación sexual

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Vergel, Lázaro Luís; Zequeira Betancourt, Dulce María

    2013-01-01

    Introducción: independientemente del nivel científicotécnico del médico que realiza la cirugía, de los recursos materiales de que se dispongan y de la tecnología de punta utilizada, no es posible una intervención quirúrgica exitosa sin la actuación de profesionales del cuidado competentes, con un profundo contenido humano y ético. Objetivo: proponer un plan de cuidados para pacientes con cirugía de reasignación sexual, integrando la teoría de las 14 necesidades básicas de Virginia Henderson y...

  9. Plan de negocios para el ingreso a la exportación del espárrago congelado

    OpenAIRE

    Bengoa Medina, Paul; Ramos Montalvo, Margot; Shimabukuro Goto, Juan Carlos

    2016-01-01

    El presente plan de negocios tiene como objetivo evaluar la posibilidad de exportar espárragos congelados para lo cual se crearía la empresa Peruvian Frozen Food (PFF). El reto principal del presente proyecto es demostrar a los directores del Grupo Matta (GM), propiedad de la familia Matta Curotto, que el incursionar en la exportación de espárragos congelados será rentable y sostenible en el tiempo por sí sola, es decir, sin necesidad de apalancarse en el know how y reconocimiento internacion...

  10. An evaluation of HACCP implementation status in UK small and medium enterprises in food manufacturing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fielding, L M; Ellis, L; Beveridge, C; Peters, A C

    2005-04-01

    To reduce foodborne illnesses, hazard and risk-based quality management systems are essential. Small and medium sized companies (SMEs) tend to have a poor understanding of such systems and limited adoption of the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point system (HACCP). The requirement for full HACCP implementation by 2006 will place an even greater burden on these businesses. The aim of this project is to assess the current levels of understanding of hazards and risks in SMEs in the manufacturing sector. A questionnaire survey was made of 850 SMEs, including microbusinesses. This determined the industry sector and processes carried out, whether the company operated hazard-based quality management and the knowledge of the technical manager regarding the associated hazards and risks. Follow-up visits to the manufacturing plant observed the processes and the operatives to determine their level of understanding. A benchmarking audit was carried out and each company was rated. The results show that the majority of respondents stated that they operated hazard analysis-based quality management. The ability of the respondents to correctly define a hazard or risk or identify different types of hazard was, however, poor. There was no correlation between business type and audit score. The microbusinesses did, however, perform significantly less well than the larger SMEs.

  11. Evaluation of a HACCP pilot program for the food service industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abernathy, Tom; Hart, Robert

    2004-01-01

    To evaluate the efficacy and applicability of a HACCP-based program for use in restaurants. A randomly selected sample of 16 intervention and 42 control full service, "stand-alone" restaurants with a minimum of 3 full-time food handling staff on duty per shift. Six communities in Central West Ontario. The Critical Approach, a HACCP-based program for use in restaurants, was designed in consultation with health inspectors and restaurant operators. It focusses on generic risk factors (Critical Control Points, CCPs) for food handlers rather than assessing specific menu items or foods; offers appropriate training of both management and staff; and encourages self-monitoring of CCPs by operators without extensive record keeping or retention. Outcome indicators measured changes in three areas: the environment, knowledge, and behaviour. Results suggest that among a subpopulation of restaurants, the program is acceptable to operators and capable of producing tangible results. Principles and methods of the program (i.e., an initial assessment of the site, working with the operator to identify and suggest improvements, and return visits to monitor compliance) may be transferable to other types of food service operations.

  12. Pasteurised milk and implementation of HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.B Murdiati

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of pasteurisation is to destroy pathogen bacteria without affecting the taste, flavor, and nutritional value. A study on the implementation of HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point in producing pasteurized milk was carried out in four processing unit of pasteurised milk, one in Jakarta, two in Bandung and one in Bogor. The critical control points in the production line were identified. Milk samples were collected from the critical points and were analysed for the total number of microbes. Antibiotic residues were detected on raw milks. The study indicated that one unit in Bandung dan one unit in Jakarta produced pasteurized milk with lower number of microbes than the other units, due to better management and control applied along the chain of production. Penisilin residues was detected in raw milk used by unit in Bogor. Six critical points and the hazard might arise in those points were identified, as well as how to prevent the hazards. Quality assurance system such as HACCP would be able to produce high quality and safety of pasteurised milk, and should be implemented gradually.

  13. Food Safety Programs Based on HACCP Principles in School Nutrition Programs: Implementation Status and Factors Related to Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stinson, Wendy Bounds; Carr, Deborah; Nettles, Mary Frances; Johnson, James T.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the extent to which school nutrition (SN) programs have implemented food safety programs based on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) principles, as well as factors, barriers, and practices related to implementation of these programs. Methods: An online survey was…

  14. POSSIBILITIES OF APPLICATION OF THE HACCP SYSTEM RULES IN THE PROCESS OF IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION IN AGRICULTURAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Kaczmarek

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents theoretical issues concerning the possibilities of application of the HACCP system rules in the process of improving the quality of education in secondary schools. The carried out analysis show that it is possible to apply the HACCP system rules in secondary schools. Implementation of the HACCP system rules in schools can be beneficial in four areas: economically-financial, organisational, educational and social. Moreover, the education security would increase, the intellectual loss and failure of students would be diminished and on the educational market an increase of competitiveness and trust to school and its graduates would be observed.

  15. Plan de Comunicación o Estrategia de Marketing de Contenidos para una Biblioteca Especializada

    OpenAIRE

    Cediel-Sáez, Raquel

    2015-01-01

    This is a proposed Communication Plan or Content Marketing Strategy for specialized library made during the "Content Marketing Application Files, Libraries and Documentary Units" course taught by the teacher, Belen Pérez Lorenzo, in SEDIC.

  16. Desarrollo de un plan de negocios para constituir un estudio de abogados

    OpenAIRE

    UPC, Repositorio Academico; Canales, Edward Magno Gutiérrez; Camino, Percy Enrique Macedo; Prieto, Armando Aramayo

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT : This paper called: "Development of a Business Plan to set up a study of lawyers", was conducted in the Ica Region, during the year 2015. The purpose of the research was to develop a business plan for the study of law. In that sense, the subject of study was to determine the feasibility of creating a study of lawyers in the Ica Region. The investigation reached the following conclusions and recommendations: there is a reduced supply and growing demand of busine...

  17. Plan de negocio para una agencia de viajes situada en Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    SÁEZ LÓPEZ, PATRICIA

    2015-01-01

    [EN] The following Final University Project consists in a Business Plan for the development and implementation of a travel agency located in Valencia. This company is focused on the mediation with the offer and the demand offering several touristic products. The objective of this project is to determine its viability. The decision of making a business plan is based on the knowledge obtained on the degree. It’s a great opportunity to put into practice what I learned. Furthermore, it has cho...

  18. Plan de acciones para prevenir indisciplinas sociales en jóvenes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadiris del Valle-Atala

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo el diseño de acciones de intervención comunitaria para la prevención de indisciplinas sociales en jóvenes de la circunscripción no.11 del Consejo Popular “Rubén López Sabariego” del municipio Guantánamo. Se emplearon técnicas de recogida de información, entrevista, encuesta, análisis documental y observación participativa. Para evaluar la factibilidad de la interrelación entre las variables del modelo problema, las acciones de intervención y los indicadores verificables se propone la Matriz de Evaluación de Intervención Comunitaria.

  19. CONTEXTO PARA LA FORMULACION DE LA VISION DEL PLAN DE DESARROLLO MUNICIPAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armando Patiño

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo pretende establecer el nexo entre la construcción de una visión del desarrollo regional y los conceptos , métodos y modelos existentes sobre la materia. Por eso se parte de una revisión de los principales modelos y enfoques del desarrollo, asociándolos con el contexto actual de neomodernización que, a escala planetaria, introduce una severa crisis, vivida con mayor rigor en las regiones periféricas, proponiendo una alternativa heurística de visión y señalando los aspectos metodológicos para la comprensión de la ciudad, desde la perspectiva de la teoría de la complejidad. Dada la magitud de la crisis, se plantea el fortalecimiento de la democracia directa para la construcción de una visión compartida; también se señalan otros aspectos de las concepciones contemporáneas del desarrollo como libertad, en la perspectiva de Amartya Sen, orientado hacia los grupos más vulnerables, desde la filosofía política (Rawls, o como la libertad real para todos (Vanj Parijs. Finalmente, tratando de recoger lo planteado desde estas diferentes perspectivas, se realiza una propuesta sistémica de visión de desarrollo a manera de conclusión.

  20. Cómo preparar el Plan de Tecnología de Información para su Empresa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Espinoza Guido

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available En vista de la competencia, la innovación, loscambios, las estrategias y el futuro, los ejecutivosdeben reconocerle a la Tecnología de Información (TIsu importancia en el desarrollo de las empresas y losnegocios. Hoy en día, por lo tanto, es perentorio quese dediquen primero a realizar una verdadera gestiónestratégica, basada en la TI, con verdaderos planes alargo plazo que contemplen, desde su inicio, todas lasactividades de la organización. Las áreas que componen la entidad deben generarsus propios planes y gestiones, para que el Área de TIpueda apoyarse en éstos y, así, generar planes a largoplazo que coadyuven a lograr las metas y los objetivosgenerales. No deben olvidar que la TI está compuestapor una serie de elementos, todos de suma relevanciadentro del contexto organizacional. De estos, el másimportante es la información; de nada vale disponerde mucha tecnología de avanzada, si no se sabe cómoutilizarla para que proporcione información necesariapara la solución de problemas, la toma de decisiones,y para mejorar el control. Indudablemente, sin unverdadero y efectivo proceso de planificación a largoplazo, esto no se logra.   ABSTRACT Business executives must acknowledge theimportance of Information Technology (IT incompany and business development due to competition,innovation, changes, strategies and hereafter. Nowadaysit is paramount for them to develop a real strategicmanagement based on IT with real long term plans thatcontemplate all organizational activities from the verybeginning. All areas comprising the business should generatetheir own plans and efforts so the IT area can use themto generate long term plans that help in attaining itsgoals and general objectives. It should not be forgottenthat IT is comprised by several elements, all which areextremely important in the organizational context. Ofthese the most relevant is information itself; it is notworth to possess the most advanced technology whilenot knowing

  1. Plan de muestreo directo para Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae en cultivos comerciales de tomate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernal Liliana

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Los daños ocasionados por Trialeurodes vaporariorum generan pérdidas económicas que disminuyen la producción y pueden contribuir en el alza de los precios del tomate. Para su control se acude a aplicaciones continuas de insecticidas, sin obtener resultados satisfactorios. Como alternativa de control se realizan liberaciones del parasitoide E. formosa. Sin embargo, el éxito de este sistema implica estimar la densidad de la plaga a través de un método de muestreo adecuado. Por ello, se estandarizó un plan de muestreo directo, económicamente viable, para ninfas de mosca blanca en un cultivo comercial de tomate bajo invernadero. Se determinó la incidencia de prácticas de manejo y de la fenología en la distribución espacial de ninfas. En términos generales, el muestreo se dividió en tres etapas: 1 muestreo totalmente aleatorio, entre las 5 y 7 semanas después de la siembra (sds, para plantas no divididas en tercios; 2 muestreo aleatorio, entre las 8 y 16 sds, los conteos se realizaron en hojas del tercio inferior; 3 muestreo bietápico: planta y hoja, entre las 17 y 24 sds, los conteos se efectuaron sobre hojas de los tercios medio y superior. Se encontró que prácticas culturales como el despunte influyeron en la distribución espacial de las ninfas. La implementación del muestreo directo generó un incremento en la producción del 0,06% y permitió estimar la densidad de ninfas de Trialeurodes vaporariorum en el cultivo (con precisiones de 5%, 10% y 25% como criterio para liberar E. formosa.

  2. Design of a HACCP plan for indigenous chicken slaughter house in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Indigenous chicken rearing is seen as a poverty alleviation and food security ... control, reduce or eliminate any potential hazards to guarantee food safety. ... of the slaughter house on the basis of good manufacturing practices, as well as ...

  3. Propuesta de un plan estratégico para la competitividad, para empresas micros, pequeñas y medianas del sector cárnico, caso: Ciudad de México.

    OpenAIRE

    Morales López, Lázaro

    2016-01-01

    La presente investigación fue motivada por la búsqueda de una herramienta para los empresarios mexicanos líderes o dueños de una micro, pequeña o mediana empresa del sector cárnico. Una herramienta para ser utilizada en la búsqueda de competitividad, proyección y permanencia a largo plazo de sus negocios mediante la propuesta de un Plan Estratégico. El argumento central es que el tipo de empresas mencionadas no realizan una planeación estratégica formal para el desarrollo de...

  4. Plan de emergencia interior de una instalación tipo para tratamiento de agua potable

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Segura, Alfonso

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo evidente de una ETAP es la de conseguir de manera constante la producción de agua de consumo de la mejor calidad y a un coste técnico y económico razonable. Como más relevantes, las características fundamentales que deben modificarse de un agua bruta para conseguir su potabilización son: color, turbidez, concentraciones originales de hierro, manganeso, amonio, nitritos, y materia orgánica, así como, inexcusablemente, supresión de la flora microbiana. Una estación po...

  5. Plan de empresa para una granja de gallinas ecológicas

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Cañada, Alberto

    2014-01-01

    Este TFG surge como respuesta a los principales problemas del medio rural: despoblación, envejecimiento poblacional y estancamiento de la economía rural. Así se propone una actividad respetuosa con el medio ambiente, generadora de empleo y revitalizante para el municipio donde se instalará la explotación: la avicultura ecológica de puesta.El estudio se estructura en 4 capítulos; el 1º se centra en el estudio del medio rural, el 2ºes un análisis tecnológico de la explotación, el 3º un análisis...

  6. Plan estratégico para la quinua del Perú

    OpenAIRE

    Sheen Cortavarría, Erika María; Arbieto Ramírez, Erico; Pozo Molina, María Del Rocío del

    2007-01-01

    La quinua es un producto oriundo de la región andina que ha sido reconocida en el mundo por su alto nivel proteico. Su cultivo, ha experimentado a lo largo de toda la historia peruana una serie de cambios genéticos que les han dado a los países andinos la exclusividad de su crecimiento a pesar que se han hecho esfuerzos para propiciar su adaptación a otros países. El Perú es el principal productor de quinua y el segundo país que exporta este cultivo, principalmente, al mercado norteamerica...

  7. Plan de negocios para un hotel boutique ubicado en el distrito de Machu Picchu, Cusco

    OpenAIRE

    UPC, Repositorio Academico; Baca Cuba, Dany Israel; Huaylla Martínez, Moisés Jesús; Santa Cruz Salazar, Jorge Alfonso

    2015-01-01

    La sostenida recuperación que ha registrado el sector turismo a nivel mundial en los últimos años, así como sus alentadoras proyecciones, la OIT estima que se convierta en el sector con mas ingresos a nivel mundial para el año 2020. Este crecimiento a nivel mundial se ha visto magnificado en nuestro país, el cual muestra tasas de crecimiento que son, incluso, 250% mayores que el crecimiento global. Este auge ha generado un boom, de este sector, en nuestro país, el cual se ve sustentado por nu...

  8. Plan de negocios para el almacén Moto Repuestos

    OpenAIRE

    Tello Arias, Xavier Eduardo

    2008-01-01

    El desarrollo de este trabajo de investigación se lo ha efectuado en cinco capítulos, en los cuales se ha tratado de enmarcar y analizar las diferentes técnicas y estrategias de Administración, que sean más convenientes para la aplicación en el almacén "MOTO REPUESTOS", los cinco capítulos tratados son: 1. MERCADEO.- en el desarrollo de este capítulo se trata de ir analizando lo que es respecto al producto, aclarando de que es un satisfactor de necesidades que no son creadas por las empres...

  9. Plan fiscal y económico para la provincia de Antioquia (1782

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Pardo

    1979-01-01

    Full Text Available Documento en donde se informa a la corona las medidas que se deben tomar para el fomento de la agricultura, minas e industrias en la zona las cuales serán la aplicación de las medidas dictadas anteriormente, al respecto, por la Corona; y el establecimiento de Monte Píos, cuyo funcionamiento se describe con lujo de detalles, y la destinación de parte de sus fondos al desarrollo de estas actividades económicas en la región.

  10. Plan de social media marketing para una comunidad de videojuegos en el Campus de Gandia.

    OpenAIRE

    VILAPLANA MIRALLES, MIRIAM

    2016-01-01

    [ES] Con la llegada del internet y las redes sociales, la forma en que mostramos los productos y las empresas ha ido cambiando a lo largo de estos años. Cada vez es más notoria la importancia de la presencia en las redes, pero sobre todo de la buena presencia, que ayuda a expandir las marcas y a ser más visible y cercano para el consumidor. Con la estrategia de social media marketing se pretende ayudar, en este caso, al EVAM (Espacio del Videojuego y Arte Multimedia) del campus de Gandia...

  11. PLAN DE NEGOCIO PARA UN GIMNASIO EN LA CIUDAD DE ORIHUELA

    OpenAIRE

    GARCÍA RUIZ, ANA VICTORIA

    2017-01-01

    [ES] Este trabajo fin de carrera presentará los aspectos más relevantes para la puesta en marcha de un proyecto empresarial llamado “SKY CENTER”. Las actividades principales a las que se va a dedicar la empresa, serán: servicios de asesoramiento físico personalizado, servicios de wellness SPA (SALUS PER AQUAM) , aparatos, masajes y otros servicios complementarios, así como la venta de productos dietéticos y energéticos a nivel interno del centro. El mercado principal en el que se desarr...

  12. Plan de ecoturismo para la laguna de Solano (Guabizhún

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Castro

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available El desarrollo turístico de la laguna de Guabizhún y sus áreas de influencia se encuentra sustentado en el aprovechamiento sostenible de sus atractivos turísticos naturales y culturales, así como de los del entorno geográfico, mediante el diseño y la ejecución de programas para la gestión, la instalación de la planta turística adecuada y la infraestructura de apoyo al desarrollo del turismo de naturaleza, de acuerdo con los objetivos de sustentabilidad en sus dimensiones económica, ambiental y cultural del sitio y los conectores que forman las actividades turísticas y recreativas del área. Por ello, es importante destacar la participación de las comunidades en el desarrollo de la actividad turística, que pueden aportar como alternativa válida para mejorar las condiciones de vida local y ayudar indudablemente a la conservación de los ambientes naturales y, sobre todo, del patrimonio cultural de los pueblos, mediante una planificación y un control adecuados de los recursos, donde la actividad del ecoturismo puede llegar a constituir una fuente importante de ingresos.

  13. HACCP and SACCP protocols for ready-to-eat meals pasteurised with ionising radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haruvy, Y [Soreq Nuclear Research Centre, Israel Atomic Energy Commission, (Israel)

    2002-07-01

    The rationale is the necessity to identify, ab-initio, critical potential failure modes: Hazardous, Sensory, as well as Economic, and assign Critical Control Points to detect and/or eliminate them in due time and course. Preliminary SACCP could be orchestrated along the existing HACCP lines with relatively minor modifications. Care should be taken to avoid overlooking of high-risk failure modes, as well as to avoid overdoing the analysis to yield numerous CCPs with small marginal value. A combined H-S-E ACCP protocol should allow for a facile analytical tool of the objective projects. Primary fields of failure modes seem to be non-uniformity of ingredients, processing and testing.

  14. Application of HACCP in Production of Chilled Meat%HACCP体系在冷却肉生产中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘娟

    2012-01-01

    介绍了HACCP体系及其在肉制品中的应用现状,并阐述了HACCP质量管理体系在冷却肉生产加工过程中的应用.%This paper introduced the HACCP system and its application status in meat product, and then expounded the application of HACCP quality management system in the processing of chilled pork.

  15. Claves para el Desarrollo del Plan de Convivencia en los Centros Educativos desde una Perspectiva Integral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Torrego

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo muestra las principales conclusiones obtenidas en una investigación realizada en un centro de Educación Secundaria de Madrid (España. Su propósito ha sido conocer y comprobar cómo se están desarrollando en la práctica, los planteamientos que sobre convivencia se han realizado desde marcos de intervención global, como el que se propone en el Modelo Integrado (Torrego, 2006, 2008, así como identificar aspectos claves para el desarrollo de planes de convivencia en los centros educativos. Es una investigación cualitativa, realizada mediante un diseño de Estudio de Caso Único, donde se han combinado técnicas de análisis de documentos y datos, con la realización de entrevistas en profundidad a diversos miembros de la comunidad educativa. El interés del caso radica en que el centro trata la convivencia desde una perspectiva global, sobre la base del citado modelo integrado y en que destaca por los buenos resultados obtenidos en la mejora de la convivencia en los últimos años. Las conclusiones ponen de manifiesto la importancia de abordar la convivencia desde una perspectiva integral acorde con las características del contexto, que contemple aspectos curriculares, estructuras específicas para la mejora de la convivencia y que promueva la participación democrática de la comunidad educativa; además se evidencia la necesidad de una formación específica en convivencia, el papel central de la acción tutorial y de las metodologías cooperativas. Los aspectos detectados que precisan un mayor desarrollo son: la generalización de la formación en convivencia a todo el alumnado, la profundización en las medidas curriculares, la mejora de la acción tutorial y la generación de recursos adecuados para intervenir en los casos del alumnado con más dificultades.

  16. Liquefied natural gas: a harbor plan; Plano diretor portuario para o gas natural liquefeito

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreira, Aluisio de Souza; Baitelo, Ricardo Lacerda [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Escola Politecnica; Rego, Erik Eduardo [Excelencia Energetica Consultoria Empresarial Ltda., Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Rosim, Sidney Olivieri [Rosim e Papaleo Consultoria e Participacoes Ltda., Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The objective of this article is to present the structuring of a port directing plan for the liquefied natural gas. In this sense, an integrated approach between the applied logistic and the requested market conditions was used. For the large distances transportation of liquefied natural gas, the marine modal must attain technical requirements that are not usual in the port routine. Apart from the proper dimensioning of the naval fleet in order to maximize the transported load, providing the optimization of the economic distance, the entire port infra-structure is planned for the reception of liquefied natural gas, in order to attend the physical peculiarities as well as security aspects of extreme importance. The selection of the studied local was motivated by the fuel supply shortage suffered by the country, especially in the northeast region, which owns already installed thermal units in need of the fuel supply to be operated. (author)

  17. Plan estratégico para Mc Donald's China 2016-2020

    OpenAIRE

    Vila Castillo, Carla Abigaíl; Ysla Regalado, Jennifer; Bustamante Huamán, Daniel Guillermo

    2016-01-01

    Mc Donald’s es una corporación estadounidense líder del mercado de comida rápida, con más de 76 años en el mercado y presencia en más de 100 países con alrededor de 36.525 locales entre propios y franquiciados. El éxito de Mc Donald’s radica en ofrecer una variedad de productos tales como hamburguesas, postres y café, destacando la famosa Big Mac, productos a un precio accesible para todos los mercados donde opera. Esto como consecuencia de su estrategia genérica de Liderazgo de costo tipo...

  18. Estudios para el perfeccionamiento del plan del médico de la familia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Félix Rodríguez Jústiz

    1997-02-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo es una investigación operacional de campo que tiene como objetivo encontrar las principales dificultades, limitaciones y obstáculos que impiden lograr el perfeccionamiento del trabajo del médico de la familia. En ésta se aplicaron varios instrumentos de la práctica epidemiológica sobre los principales actores sociales de los sistemas locales de salud. La investigación tiene como antecedente estudios realizados en Ciudad de La Habana y Provincia La Habana, ahora generalizado a las provincias Pinar del Río, Villa Clara, Santiago de Cuba y Guantánamo. Se estudiaron 121 médicos de la familia, 17 dirigentes de salud y 26 dirigentes de los órganos del poder popular. La investigación halló que las limitaciones más importantes están dadas por la necesidad de definir y dirigir la atención de la salud con un enfoque epidemiológico que integre todas las actuaciones sobre la salud; que los problemas sociocomunitarios son identificados como fuente de trastornos de la salud, pero los actores sociales no están suficientemente adiestrados para realizar acciones que lleven a su modificación y que se ignora a la comunidad como fuente de solución de sus propios problemas de salud. También se halló una deficiente preparación y no una plena dedicación de los dirigentes locales de la salud y órganos de gobierno local para operar integralmente todos los aspectos de la atención primaria de salud y para diseñar tácticas de trabajo conjunto que permitan realizar cabalmente la política de salud. Se termina con recomendaciones estratégicas diseñadas para superar los obstáculos, las dificultades y las limitaciones encontradas, y aumentar así la eficacia, la efectividad y la eficiencia de nuestro sistema de atención primaria de salud.This piece of work is an operational field research, whose objective is to find out the main difficulties, limitations, and obstacles which avoid achieving the improvement of the family physician

  19. PLAN DE SEGURIDAD Y SALUD para UNA VIVIENDA UNIFAMILIAR AISLADA EN ALMAZÁN (SORIA)

    OpenAIRE

    Bartolomé-Tello, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    Con la aprobación de la Ley 31/1995 de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales, en España surge un nuevo modelo de organización y de gestión de la Prevención de Riesgos en el entorno laboral; esto mismo ocurre con respecto a las obras de construcción tras la aprobación del Real Decreto 1627/1997 sobre disposiciones mínimas de seguridad y salud en obras de construcción, el cambio fue revolucionario, ya que incluía un procedimiento nuevo para hacer las cosas, unas obligaciones a cada agente involucrado...

  20. First Runway: Plan de Negocios para un nuevo concepto “Urban Chic” de ropa infantil en Oaxaca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Omar Silva Vega

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available En México, especialmente en la ciudad de Oaxaca, se necesitan proyectos rentables que generen nuevas fuentes de empleo, nuevos procesos de innovación y posicionamiento de marca en las empresas locales. El presente trabajo tiene el objetivo de diseñar el plan de negocios para una tienda de ropa infantil en la ciudad de Oaxaca, a través de la creación de un nuevo concepto “Urban Chic” donde los padres de familia modelen el estilo de vestir de sus hijos, lo cual permitirá que la empresa pueda lograr un posicionamiento del establecimiento en el corto plazo, y su viabilidad financiera en el largo plazo.

  1. Propuesta de un plan estratégico de marketing para la Cooperativa de Ahorro y Crédito Artesanal de la ciudad de Cuenca

    OpenAIRE

    Salazar Centeno, Sandra Elizabeth; Toledo Solano, Miriam Alexandra

    2008-01-01

    La presente tesina, constituye un Plan Estratégico de Marketing para la Cooperativa de Ahorro y Crédito "Artesanal", orientado a contribuir con el desarrollo y bienestar para sus socios. Hoy en día las empresas deben ser proactivas y adelantarse a las necesidades del mercado, esto ayudará a mejorar su imagen, pero para esto, es importante contar con la filosofía empresarial, es decir el tener establecido cual es el norte de le entidad financiera, determinar las metas, objetivos institucion...

  2. Plan de mercadeo para un servicio de intermediación abierta entre empresas por medio de subasta inversa en la ciudad de Cali.

    OpenAIRE

    Rengifo Tascón, Marcelo Andrés; Contreras Pineda, Víctor Alfonso

    2015-01-01

    Este documento contiene el plan de mercadeo para evaluar la viabilidad y lanzamiento de una empresa de intermediación en el mercado colombiano de material publicitario impreso entre empresas anunciantes e impresores mediante subasta inversa. Se pretende emprender con esta empresa pionera en el sector para abrir el mercado creando una plataforma que funcionará como canal de comunicación y negociación entre las empresas que requieran los servicios de impresión. Para llevar a cabo este proyec...

  3. Preparación de un plan muestreo para la auditoría de proyectos de desarrollo tecnológico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Antonio Garavito Herrera

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un plan de muestreo para auditoría e interventoría de proyectos de desarrollo tecnológico. Se plantea un esquema general de los proyectos relevantes del muestreo, cuáles deben tenerse en cuenta, un procedimiento para determinar el tamaño y la selección de la muestra y calcular algunas estadísticas inferenciales acerca de la población muestreada. Es una combinación de técnicas tradicionales de muestreo estadístico y muestreo para aceptación en control de calidad.

  4. PLAN DE GESTIÓN DE LA CALIDAD DEL SERVICIO EN ATENCIÓN AL CLIENTE PARA LA ESPAM MFL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wladimir Alexander Palacios Zurita

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años ha ganado espacio en la gestión institucional, el concepto operativo de la calidad de servicio en cuanto a brindar una atención óptima al usuario, de un determinado producto o servicio. La literatura revisada indica que son pocos los avances logrados en esta materia y, específicamente, en el sector universitario. En este trabajo se realiza un análisis situacional a la gestión del servicio de las siete carreras que conforman la Politécnica de Manabí, a través de una matriz de diagnóstico que detecta la presencia de requisitos básicos preestablecidos, en la normativa técnica nacional e internacional. Mediante la investigación bibliográfica de las dimensiones existentes de la calidad de servicio en la educación superior, se determinaron y acondicionaron los parámetros (dimensiones idóneos de calidad del servicio al cliente, para esta institución y se evaluaron, por la aplicación de encuestas, en muestras poblacionales de estudiantes, sociedad, personal docente y administrativo traducidos en tablas de frecuencia relativa e histogramas. Finalmente, se combinaron los resultados alcanzados con los criterios de evaluación con fines de acreditación planteados por el CEAACES, coincidentes con el enfoque de la temática en estudio para dar cumplimiento al objetivo general de la investigación, de diseñar un plan de gestión de la calidad en el servicio para la atención al cliente en la ESPAM MFL, que aporte no solo a la gestión institucional, sino al proceso de acreditación en el que esta se encuentra inmersa.

  5. Elaboración de un Plan de Gestión Ambiental para el Parque Nacional Morrocoy, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aramis Latchinian

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Ante la dificultad para prevenir los impactos ambientales sobre ecosistemas costeros se propone un método que centra los esfuerzos de evaluación y gestión en sus causas. Las causas de los impactos, llamadas aspectos ambientales (efluentes líquidos, residuos sólidos, emisiones atmosféricas, pueden predecirse, medirse y evaluarse con precisión y con un enfoque preventivo. Se desarrolló un procedimiento que consiste en identificar los Aspectos Ambientales y contrastarlos con una serie de criterios independientes (límites legales, sensibilidad del medio, riesgos. Se aplicó el método en ecosistemas costeros del Parque Nacional Morrocoy, con énfasis en el arrecife, para evaluar los impactos (degradación del arrecife y sus causas (aspectos ambientales proponiendo un Plan de Gestión Ambiental que minimice dichos aspectos ambientales y consecuentemente mitigue los impactos continuos sobre el arrecife. Por lo que se concluye que la gestión de los aspectos ambientales en las zonas costeras es una forma eficaz de prevenir los impactos ambientales, y en particular la degradación del arrecife, independientemente de los efectos ambientales globales, sobre los que los actores locales no tienen control.

  6. Los contenidos curriculares del plan de estudios: una propuesta para su organzación y estructur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La propuesta para organizar y estructurar elcontenido curricular de los planes de estudio, se generade la información recopilada, mediante técnicas cualita-tivas, acerca de la experiencia o de los docentes, estu-diantes y profesionales en servicio que participaron comoinformantes del estudio. Ésta se enmarca dentro de unaconcepción curricular holística que enfatiza la transmi-sión de la información de forma integrada y de maneraparticipativa y dinámica, propiciando la construcción deconocimientos. Los lineamientos metodológicos se presen-tan en dos apartados: la organización de los contenidosprogramáticos que aborda los ejes, las líneas curricularesy los criterios para organizar el contenido y, en el segun-do apartado, estructura de los contenidos del plan de es-tudios se organiza la información en dos áreas académi-ca y personal

  7. Diagnostico organizacional y formulación del plan estratégico de desarrollo para la empresa WPA Fauna y Ambiente S.A.S

    OpenAIRE

    Garavito Garavito, Gustavo Alfonso

    2017-01-01

    La presente oferta de servicios comprende la elaboración del diagnóstico Organizacional y formulación del plan estratégico de desarrollo para la empresa WPA Fauna y Ambiente S.A.S, utilizando modelos de administración tales como; el modelo Pestel, el modelo de Kast–Rozeinsweig, el modelo de cinco fuerzas de Porter, complementado con un análisis (DOFA) para así, a partir del análisis de los hallazgos formular el plan de desarrollo que permita a la organización enfocarse en una estrategia de me...

  8. Estudio de impacto ambiental Expost y el plan de manejo ambiental para el Batallón de Infantería 19 Carchi

    OpenAIRE

    Quezada Yaguache, Galo Efrén

    2016-01-01

    La realización del proyecto, estudio de impacto ambiental Expost y Plan de Manejo Ambiental para el Batallón de Infantería 19 Carchi, contempló acciones previas donde se estableció información relevante en base a características Físicas y microbiológicas del agua, para lo cual se realizaron pruebas de laboratorio en la cual se obtuvo impactos negativos despreciables en el componente Abiótico o biótico de tal manera que serán mitigados en las diferentes acciones propuestas en el plan de manejo...

  9. APPLICATION OF THE HACCP METHOD IN THE SWINE ABATTOIR BY SCALDING-SKINNING ECOLOGICAL PROCESSING / APPLICATION DE LA METHODE HACCP DANS L’ABATTOIR PORCIN PAR LE PROCESSUS ECOLOGIQUE D’ÉCHAUDAGE-DÉPEÇAGE

    OpenAIRE

    IULIAN SUCEVEANU; IRINA-CLAUDIA ALEXA; LUMINITA GROSU; OANA-IRINA PATRICIU; IRINA IFRIM; MIRELA SUCEVEANU

    2017-01-01

    In the food industry development, the food safety and the valorization of by-products represent important aspects. The present study consists in the application of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) method in pig slaughterhouses for scalding-skinning technology in order to ensure the conformity of meat quality and the by-products management and recycling. In order to optimize the scalding-skinning process of swine, all the classical technological steps of the technological...

  10. Fuzzy loads allocation for the exploration planning; Alocacao de cargas com incerteza para planeamento da exploracao

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leao, Maria Teresa Ponce de [Instituto de Engenharia de Sistema e Computadores, Porto (Portugal). Ee-mail: mleao@inescn.pt

    1999-07-01

    The short and long term exploration decisions are based on studies information for long term planning. The main problem of this analysis is the massive associated data quantity. This paper presents a model for evaluation of the nodal data allowing supply information to the SCADA systems. The nodal injections, the charges and independent producers are evaluated taking into account the quantity quality of the available information. The results consists of the injections, represented by inaccurate sets, for all the nodes of the distribution network and the analysed configuration evaluated as function of operational limits.

  11. Plan de prevenci??n de riesgos laborales para la empresa Plasdur S.L.

    OpenAIRE

    Garc??a Palencia, Isabel

    2012-01-01

    El Plan de prevenci??n de riesgos laborales de la empresa PLASDUR S.L. se refleja en el presente documento que se conservar?? a disposici??n de la autoridad laboral, de las autoridades sanitarias y de los representantes de los trabajadores, e incluye, con la amplitud adecuada a la dimensi??n y caracter??sticas de la empresa, seg??n el Reglamento de los servicios de prevenci??n (R.D. 39/1997), los siguientes elementos: o La identificaci??n de la empresa, de su actividad productiva, el n??mero ...

  12. El Plan TBCero: Un enfoque integral para el control de la Tuberculosis

    OpenAIRE

    Fuentes-Tafur, Luis Alberto; Ticona Chávez, Eduardo; Velasco Guerrero, Juan Carlos; Carpio Montenegro, Wilder Vidauro; Rumaldo Gómez, Eduardo Guido; Canelo Marruffo, Pamela

    2012-01-01

    Introducción: Presentamos los resultados de la ejecución del Plan TBCero, que con un enfoque sociopolítico se desarrolla en la jurisdicción del centro de salud de San Cosme, distrito de La Victoria. Esta es un área de elevado riesgo de transmisión de TB (AERT-TB), que presenta la más alta tasa de incidencia de TB del Perú, y donde las condiciones como el trabajo informal, daños psicosociales, pobreza, altas tasas migratorias, hacinamiento y tugurización han dificultado el éxito de diversas in...

  13. Can the Hazard Assessment and Critical Control Points (HACCP) system be used to design process-based hygiene concepts?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hübner, N-O; Fleßa, S; Haak, J; Wilke, F; Hübner, C; Dahms, C; Hoffmann, W; Kramer, A

    2011-01-01

    Recently, the HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points) concept was proposed as possible way to implement process-based hygiene concepts in clinical practice, but the extent to which this food safety concept can be transferred into the health care setting is unclear. We therefore discuss possible ways for a translation of the principles of the HACCP for health care settings. While a direct implementation of food processing concepts into health care is not very likely to be feasible and will probably not readily yield the intended results, the underlying principles of process-orientation, in-process safety control and hazard analysis based counter measures are transferable to clinical settings. In model projects the proposed concepts should be implemented, monitored, and evaluated under real world conditions.

  14. Implementation of a validated HACCP system for the control of microbiological contamination of pig carcasses at a small abattoir

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Jeffrey; Brereton, Donald A.; Gill, Colin O.

    2003-01-01

    To guide the implementation of a Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) system at a small abattoir, the microbiological conditions of pig carcasses at various stages of processing were assessed by enumerating total aerobes, coliforms, and Escherichia coli in samples collected from randomly selected sites on the carcasses. Those data indicated that carcasses were contaminated with bacteria mainly during dehairing and operations on the head. When carcasses were pasteurized after head removal, the numbers of total aerobes on dressed carcasses were reduced by about 1 order and the numbers of coliforms and E. coli were reduced by more than 2 orders of magnitude. Implementation of an HACCP system on the basis of the microbiological data gave cooled carcasses with mean numbers of total aerobes < 100/cm2, and mean numbers of coliforms and E. coli about 1/1000 cm2. PMID:12619556

  15. [Introduction of hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP) principles at the flight catering food production plant].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popova, A Yu; Trukhina, G M; Mikailova, O M

    In the article there is considered the quality control and safety system implemented in the one of the largest flight catering food production plant for airline passengers and flying squad. The system for the control was based on the Hazard Analysis And Critical Control Points (HACCP) principles and developed hygienic and antiepidemic measures. There is considered the identification of hazard factors at stages of the technical process. There are presented results of the analysis data of monitoring for 6 critical control points over the five-year period. The quality control and safety system permit to decline food contamination risk during acceptance, preparation and supplying of in-flight meal. There was proved the efficiency of the implemented system. There are determined further ways of harmonization and implementation for HACCP principles in the plant.

  16. 美国FDA推进实施HACCP体系研究%FDA Promoting Implementation of HACCP System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江艳; 夏厚俊; 胡振虎

    2013-01-01

    文章阐释了美国FDA在食品安全监管领域推进实施HACCP体系的原理和特征,检验HACCP体系有效性的评估标准,指出了HACCP体系发展面临的挑战,需要更多的社会力量参与食品安全管理研究,进一步完善HACCP体系.

  17. Hazard, sensorial and economic analysis critical control point (HACCP) check list for radiation sterilized ready-to-eat meals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haruvy, Y F [Soreq Nuclear Research Centre, Operations Division, QA Department, Yavne (Israel)

    2004-07-01

    The primary objective of this work is to introduce a modified HACCP analysis route, for irradiated prepared meals that addresses not only health hazards but also sensorial failures, economic risks. Above all, this method aims at pinpointing failure modes specific to the radiation pasteurization aspect of the production and the product. The suggested modified analysis should serve all researchers in the CRP in their attempts to transfer their process and product from the laboratory-research type into an industrial one. While in the laboratory we can discard 'failure' samples or lots, or parts of a lot that are of inferior quality, an industrial process must be profitable and, hence, stable and reproducibly producing high quality products. The basic aspects of the HACCP route are: HACCP describes a system of control for assuring food safety and provides a more structured and critical approach to the control of identified hazards than that achievable by traditional inspection and quality control procedures; It has the potential to identify areas of concern where failure has not yet been experienced, making it particularly useful for new operations. The analysis route is exemplified in tables, that cover all the steps involved in the food production, from farm to fork.

  18. The effects of mandatory HACCP implementation on microbiological indicators of process hygiene in meat processing and retail establishments in Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomasevic, Igor; Kuzmanović, Jelena; Anđelković, Aleksandra; Saračević, Miroslava; Stojanović, Marija M; Djekic, Ilija

    2016-04-01

    A total of 48,246 microbiological test results were collected from 130 meat processing plants and 220 meat retail facilities over a seven year period: 41 months before and 43 months after HACCP implementation. Our results confirm a strong positive effect of mandatory HACCP implementation on process hygiene indicators in meat establishments. Significant reductions were observed in the number of hygiene indicator organisms on all types of surfaces examined and types of meat establishments investigated. The improvement of process hygiene was articulated as aerobic colony count reduction of at least 1.0 log10 CFU/cm(2) for food contact surfaces and over 2 log10 CFU/cm(2) for cooling facilities (refrigerators, freezers and other meat cooling devices). Meat handlers' hands hygiene was least positively affected. The period after mandatory HACCP implementation was also marked by a steady decline of positive Enterobacteriaceae and Staphylococcus samples. Process hygiene advances for meat processing plants and meat retail facilities were similar. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Clean and safe supply of fish and shellfish to clear the HACCP regulation by use of clean and cold deep ocean water in Rausu, Hokkaido, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mac Takahashi, Masayuki; Yamashita, Kazunori

    2005-07-01

    For the supply of fish and shellfish to consumers in fresh condition, clean handling after catch from the sea is essential. According to HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points), it is important to meet such requirement by keeping fish and shellfish under a certain low temperature and clean conditions after catching. The deep ocean water (DOW) characterized by low temperature and cleanliness has been chosen for fish and shellfish handlings, particularly for salmon, cod, and sea urchin in Town ‘Rausu’ in Hokkaido, Japan. DOW below 2.9’C of an amount of nearly 5 000m3 is planned to be pumped up every day from a depth of about 350 m, and temporarily stored in a large simulated tank on land. DOW is then supplied to fish boats through hydrants distributed throughout the harbor and used for keeping salmon in clean and cold conditions. Ice made from DOW is also used for lowering temperature if necessary. DOW and ice made from DOW are also used during the transportation of fish and shellfish. The entire system is scheduled to be completed by the summer of 2005.

  20. Plan Estratégico 2011-2016 para la Dirección Provincial de Educación Hispana de la Provincia de Napo

    OpenAIRE

    Abata Bonilla, Pedro Gonzalo

    2014-01-01

    El presente proyecto de Tesis se realizó en la Dirección Provincial de Educación Hispana de Napo, toda vez que no tiene un Plan Estratégico para la ejecución de las políticas educativas del Ministerio de Educación, que permita formular sus objetivos, estrategias y proyectos para el cumplimiento de una visión. El objetivo formulado en esta investigación es elaborar el Plan Estratégico 2011-2016 para la Dirección de Educación Hispana de la Provincia de Napo, con la finalidad de establecer ...

  1. Plan de mercadeo para la comercialización de cursos relacionados con el marketing digital y software de aplicación empresarial en la ciudad de Guayaquil para la Empresa LINCE.

    OpenAIRE

    Linch Coloma, Luis Enrique

    2014-01-01

    El proyecto de titulación consiste en un plan de mercadeo para comercializar cursos relacionados al marketing digital y manejo de software de aplicación empresarial, el proyecto está enfocado en la ciudad de Guayaquil y como target primario tiene a estudiantes universitarios de los últimos ciclos de las carreras de negocio, también se plantea trabajar un target secundario, para este caso se apunta a jóvenes profesionales de empresas comerciales y a profesionales de ejercicio independien...

  2. SU-E-T-393: Evaluation of Large Field IMRT Versus RapidArc Planning for Carcinoma Cervix with Para-Aotic Node Irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Raman, S Kothanda; Girigesh, Y; MISHRA, M; Lalit, K

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The objective of this work is to evaluate and compare Large field IMRT and RapidArc planning for Carcinoma Cervix and Para-aotic node irradiation. Methods: In this study, ten patients of Cervix with para-aotic node have been selected with PTV length 35+2cm. All plans were generated in Eclipse TPS V10.0 with Dynamic IMRT and RapidArc technique using 6MV photon energy. In IMRT planning, 7 fields were chosen to get optimal plan and in RapidArc, double Full arc clockwise and counter clockwise were used for planning. All the plans were generated with single isocenter and calculated using AAA dose algorithm. For all the cases the prescribed dose to PTV was same and the plan acceptance criteria is; 95% of the PTV volume should receive 100% prescribed dose. The tolerance doses for the OAR’s is also taken in to account. The evaluation criteria used for analysis are; 1) Homogeneity Index, 2) Conformity Index, 3) Mean Dose to OAR’s, 4)Total monitor units delivered. Results: DVH analysis were performed for both IMRT and RapidArc planning. In both the plans, 95% of PTV volume receives prescribed dose and maximum dose are less than 107%. The conformity index are same in both the techniques. The mean Homogeneity index are 1.036 and 1.053 for IMRT and RapidArc plan. The mean (mean + SD) dose of bladder and rectum in IMRT is 44.2+1.55, 42.05+2.52 and RapidArc is 46.66+1.6, 44.2+2.75 respectively. There is no significant difference found in Right Femoral head, Left Femoral head and Kidney doses. It is found that total MU’s are more in IMRT compared with RapidArc planning. Conclusion: In the case of cervix with Para-arotic node single isocenter irradiation, IMRT planning in large-field is better compared to RapidArc planning in terms of Homogeneity Index and mean dose of Bladder and Rectum

  3. SU-E-T-393: Evaluation of Large Field IMRT Versus RapidArc Planning for Carcinoma Cervix with Para-Aotic Node Irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raman, S Kothanda; Girigesh, Y; MISHRA, M; Lalit, K [Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute & Research Centre, New Delhi (India)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: The objective of this work is to evaluate and compare Large field IMRT and RapidArc planning for Carcinoma Cervix and Para-aotic node irradiation. Methods: In this study, ten patients of Cervix with para-aotic node have been selected with PTV length 35+2cm. All plans were generated in Eclipse TPS V10.0 with Dynamic IMRT and RapidArc technique using 6MV photon energy. In IMRT planning, 7 fields were chosen to get optimal plan and in RapidArc, double Full arc clockwise and counter clockwise were used for planning. All the plans were generated with single isocenter and calculated using AAA dose algorithm. For all the cases the prescribed dose to PTV was same and the plan acceptance criteria is; 95% of the PTV volume should receive 100% prescribed dose. The tolerance doses for the OAR’s is also taken in to account. The evaluation criteria used for analysis are; 1) Homogeneity Index, 2) Conformity Index, 3) Mean Dose to OAR’s, 4)Total monitor units delivered. Results: DVH analysis were performed for both IMRT and RapidArc planning. In both the plans, 95% of PTV volume receives prescribed dose and maximum dose are less than 107%. The conformity index are same in both the techniques. The mean Homogeneity index are 1.036 and 1.053 for IMRT and RapidArc plan. The mean (mean + SD) dose of bladder and rectum in IMRT is 44.2+1.55, 42.05+2.52 and RapidArc is 46.66+1.6, 44.2+2.75 respectively. There is no significant difference found in Right Femoral head, Left Femoral head and Kidney doses. It is found that total MU’s are more in IMRT compared with RapidArc planning. Conclusion: In the case of cervix with Para-arotic node single isocenter irradiation, IMRT planning in large-field is better compared to RapidArc planning in terms of Homogeneity Index and mean dose of Bladder and Rectum.

  4. HACCP-Based Programs for Preventing Disease and Injury from Premise Plumbing: A Building Consensus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William F. McCoy

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Thousands of preventable injuries and deaths are annually caused by microbial, chemical and physical hazards from building water systems. Water is processed in buildings before use; this can degrade the quality of the water. Processing steps undertaken on-site in buildings often include conditioning, filtering, storing, heating, cooling, pressure regulation and distribution through fixtures that restrict flow and temperature. Therefore, prevention of disease and injury requires process management. A process management framework for buildings is the hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP adaptation of failure mode effects analysis (FMEA. It has been proven effective for building water system management. Validation is proof that hazards have been controlled under operating conditions and may include many kinds of evidence including cultures of building water samples to detect and enumerate potentially pathogenic microorganisms. However, results from culture tests are often inappropriately used because the accuracy and precision are not sufficient to support specifications for control limit or action triggers. A reliable negative screen is based on genus-level Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR for Legionella in building water systems; however, building water samples with positive results from this test require further analysis by culture methods.

  5. Sanitation of chicken eggs by ionizing radiation: HACCP and inactivation studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verde, S. Cabo; Tenreiro, R.; Botelho, M. L.

    2004-09-01

    The aim of this study is to develop the application of irradiation technology to chicken eggs in order to get a product free of pathogenic microorganisms. Bioburden values of eggs from chickens of different ages ( n=150) were found to not be significantly different ( pmicrobial groups were characterized in the egg's natural microbiota, no Salmonella or Campylobacter were detected. HACCP studies indicated the feed as a critical point. Dosimetry studies were carried out in a γ facility to find the best geometry and dose rate for irradiation. Whole eggs were artificially contaminated with reference strains of Salmonella typhimurium, Salmonella enteritidis, Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni and irradiated in the γ facility at sub-lethal doses (0.2-1 kGy) with a dose rate of 1.0 kGy/h. Dvalue varied between 0.31-0.26 kGy and 0.20-0.19 kGy in S. typhimurium and S. enteritidis, and between 0.21-0.18 kGy and 0.07-0.09 in C. coli and C. jejuni, for shell and yolk+white. Using sub-lethal doses up to 5 kGy, the Dvalue of natural microbiota in whole eggs was 1.29 kGy. Results show that low irradiation doses could guarantee egg sanitation.

  6. Sanitation of chicken eggs by ionizing radiation: HACCP and inactivation studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Verde, S.C.; Tenreiro, R.; Botelho, M.L.

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this study is to develop the application of irradiation technology to chicken eggs in order to get a product free of pathogenic microorganisms. Bioburden values of eggs from chickens of different ages (n=150) were found to not be significantly different (p 5 cfu/egg was obtained for the shell. Two major microbial groups were characterized in the egg's natural microbiota, no Salmonella or Campylobacter were detected. HACCP studies indicated the feed as a critical point. Dosimetry studies were carried out in a γ facility to find the best geometry and dose rate for irradiation. Whole eggs were artificially contaminated with reference strains of Salmonella typhimurium, Salmonella enteritidis, Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni and irradiated in the γ facility at sub-lethal doses (0.2-1 kGy) with a dose rate of 1.0 kGy/h. D value varied between 0.31-0.26 kGy and 0.20-0.19 kGy in S. typhimurium and S. enteritidis, and between 0.21-0.18 kGy and 0.07-0.09 in C. coli and C. jejuni, for shell and yolk+white. Using sub-lethal doses up to 5 kGy, the D value of natural microbiota in whole eggs was 1.29 kGy. Results show that low irradiation doses could guarantee egg sanitation

  7. HACCP-Based Programs for Preventing Disease and Injury from Premise Plumbing: A Building Consensus

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCoy, William F.; Rosenblatt, Aaron A.

    2015-01-01

    Thousands of preventable injuries and deaths are annually caused by microbial, chemical and physical hazards from building water systems. Water is processed in buildings before use; this can degrade the quality of the water. Processing steps undertaken on-site in buildings often include conditioning, filtering, storing, heating, cooling, pressure regulation and distribution through fixtures that restrict flow and temperature. Therefore, prevention of disease and injury requires process management. A process management framework for buildings is the hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) adaptation of failure mode effects analysis (FMEA). It has been proven effective for building water system management. Validation is proof that hazards have been controlled under operating conditions and may include many kinds of evidence including cultures of building water samples to detect and enumerate potentially pathogenic microorganisms. However, results from culture tests are often inappropriately used because the accuracy and precision are not sufficient to support specifications for control limit or action triggers. A reliable negative screen is based on genus-level Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) for Legionella in building water systems; however, building water samples with positive results from this test require further analysis by culture methods. PMID:26184325

  8. Propuesta del plan maestro a nivel metropolitano para la mejora de la gestión de los residuos sólidos urbanos

    OpenAIRE

    Gil Sandoval, Héctor Antonio; Gil Sandoval, Héctor Antonio

    2003-01-01

    El objetivo del presente trabajo es proponer el Plan Maestro a nivel Lima Metropolitana para la mejora de la gestión de los Residuos Sólidos Urbanos obteniéndose beneficios económicos, sociales y ambientales, para lo cual se desarrollan cinco capítulos y tres anexos. En el primer capítulo, se describe el planteamiento metodológico, definiéndose la realidad problemática, el problema principal y los problemas secundarios (falta de Planificación Estratégica en la Gestión de los Residuos Sólidos ...

  9. Un plan de acción para incrementar la incorporación de las embarazadas al programa de psicoprofilaxis con actividad física

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaela Montero Lafargue

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available El artículo contiene un plan de acción para incrementar la incorporación de las embarazadas al programa de psicoprofilaxis con actividad física. Para darle solución al objetivo propuesto se utilizaron métodos de nivel teórico, empírico y estadístico, logrando el trabajo conjunto del equipo multidisciplinario de salud en la atención a embarazadas, permitiendo incrementar su articipación en la actividad física del programa de psicoprofilaxis.

  10. Diagnóstico y plan estratégico de TIC para la Empresa Municipal de Servicios de cementerio. Sala de Velaciones y Exequias Emuce-Cuenca

    OpenAIRE

    Araneda Delgado, Ronnie Alejandro

    2010-01-01

    El trabajo de tesis Diagnóstico y Plan Estratégico de TIC para la Empresa Municipal de Servicios de Cementerio, Sala de Velaciones y Exequias, EMUCE - Cuenca se elaboró bajo dos componentes: Una investigación donde se plantea un marco teórico que da las pautas sobre la importancia y como elaborar una planeación estratégica de TIC; aquí se señala que las organizaciones deben ser competitivas y hacer las cosas diferentes a sus competidores para posesionarse apropiadamente en el mercado, y qu...

  11. Language planning for "Mundurukú do Amazonas" Planejamento Linguístico para "Mundurukú do Amazonas"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gessiane Picanço

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Mundurukú, a Tupian language of Brazil, exhibits two opposite scenarios. On one extreme, there is Mundurukú do Pará, the language of daily communication in the Mundurukú Indigenous Land, with fluent speakers found across all generations and still acquired by children as a mother tongue. On the other extreme, there is Mundurukú do Amazonas, formerly spoken in the Kwatá-Laranjal Indigenous Land, but whose inhabitants have shifted to Portuguese. A group of Mundurukú students from Amazonas decided to initiate a process of language revitalisation as a way to strengthen the community's ethnic and cultural identity. This paper reports the initial stages of language planning, and includes future actions to promote language use in the homes and communities, assessement of language proficiency, and definition of educational programs to teach Mundurukú in local schools.Mundurukú, uma língua Tupí do Brasil, apresenta dois cenários opostos. Em um extremo, há o Mundurukú do Pará, a língua de comunicação diária na Terra Indígena Mundurukú, com falantes fluentes de todas as idades e adquirida pelas crianças como língua materna. No outro extremo encontra-se o Mundurukú do Amazonas, Terra Indígena Kwatá-Laranjal, que foi substituída pelo Português. Um grupo de estudantes Mundurukú do Amazonas decidiu iniciar um processo de revitalização de sua língua, como uma forma de fortalecer a identidade étnica e cultural da comunidade. Este trabalho relata os estágios iniciais do planejamento linguístico, incluindo as ações futuras para promover o uso da língua em casa e na comunidade, avaliação da proficiência na língua e definição de programas educacionais para ensinar Mundurukú nas escolas locais.

  12. Policy on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) and adherence to food preparation guidelines: a cross sectional survey of stakeholders in food service in Kumasi, Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agyei-Baffour, Peter; Sekyere, Kofi Boateng; Addy, Ernestine Akosua

    2013-11-04

    Food borne diseases claim more lives and are growing public health concerns. Simple preventive techniques such as adoption and adherence to hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) policy can significantly reduce this disease burden. Though food screening and inspection are done, the ultimate regulation, Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point, which is known and accepted worldwide, appears not to be popular among food operators in Ghana. This paper examines the level of awareness of the existence of policy on hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) and its adherence to food preparation guidelines among food service providers in Ghana. The results revealed the mean age of food providers as 33.1 years with a standard deviation of 7.5, range of 18-55 years, more females, in full time employment and with basic education. Of the fifty institutional managers, 42 (84%) were senior officers and had worked for more than five years. Education and type of food operator had strong statistically significant relationship with the implementation of HCCP policy and adherence with food preparation guidelines. The enforcement of HACCP policy and adherence with food safety guidelines was led by the Ghana Tourist Board, Public Health officers, and KMA, respectively. While a majority of food operators 373/450 (83.3%) did not know HACCP policy is part of food safety guidelines, staff of food safety law enforcement 44/50 (88%) confirmed knowing that food operators were not aware of the HACCP policy. The study documents evidence on the practice of food safety principles or HACCP policy or adherence to food preparation guidelines. Existing food safety guidelines incorporate varying principles of HACCP, however, awareness is low among food operators. The implication is that food production is likely to fall short of acceptable standards and not be wholesome putting consumers at health risk. Repeating this study in rural and urban areas in Ghana is necessary to

  13. HACCP在酿造酱油生产及品质控制中的应用%Application of HACCP in Soy Sauce Production and Quality Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈其钢; 古丽奴尔·吐拉西

    2016-01-01

    It is introduced HACCP management system the way of how to built on the soy sauce and the specific results of the implementation and using the meaning and necessity of soy sauce HACCP management system of quality control .%介绍HACCP管理体系在酿造酱油企业中建立HACCP的具体方法及实施结果,采用HACCP管理体系在酱油品质控制中的意义和必要性。

  14. Application of HACCP principles to control visitor health threats on dairy farms open to the general public.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barten, M; Noordhuizen, J P M; Lipman, L J A

    2008-10-01

    An increasing number of Dutch dairy farmers have diversified their activities, often opening their farm up to visitors (tourist accommodation, farm shop, contact with livestock, etc). It is essential to prevent these visitors from having accidents or becoming ill, which could result in financial claims and might harm the reputation of the agricultural sector. This article describes how the hazard analysis critical control points concept and principles (HACCP) can be applied to these activities and integrated with on-farm operational herd health and production management programmes.

  15. The application of HACCP system in restaurants%HACCP系统在餐饮业的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许超凡

    2003-01-01

    探讨危害分析与关键控制点(HACCP)系统在餐饮业中的应用.对餐饮业食品加工过程中可能存在的潜在危害进行分析,确定关键控制点,控制措施和控制标准,制定HACCP运行过程中的监测方法和校正措施,使食品的危险性减少到最低,从而确保食品的安全.

  16. Sanitation of chicken eggs by ionizing radiation: HACCP and inactivation studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verde, S C; Tenreiro, R; Botelho, M L

    2004-10-01

    The aim of this study is to develop the application of irradiation technology to chicken eggs in order to get a product free of pathogenic microorganisms. Bioburden values of eggs from chickens of different ages (n=150) were found to not be significantly different (p<0.05) and an average value of (2.0{+-}0.3). 10{sup 5} cfu/egg was obtained for the shell. Two major microbial groups were characterized in the egg's natural microbiota, no Salmonella or Campylobacter were detected. HACCP studies indicated the feed as a critical point. Dosimetry studies were carried out in a {gamma} facility to find the best geometry and dose rate for irradiation. Whole eggs were artificially contaminated with reference strains of Salmonella typhimurium, Salmonella enteritidis, Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni and irradiated in the {gamma} facility at sub-lethal doses (0.2-1 kGy) with a dose rate of 1.0 kGy/h. D{sub value} varied between 0.31-0.26 kGy and 0.20-0.19 kGy in S. typhimurium and S. enteritidis, and between 0.21-0.18 kGy and 0.07-0.09 in C. coli and C. jejuni, for shell and yolk+white. Using sub-lethal doses up to 5 kGy, the D{sub value} of natural microbiota in whole eggs was 1.29 kGy. Results show that low irradiation doses could guarantee egg sanitation.

  17. Sanitation of chicken eggs by ionizing radiation: HACCP and inactivation studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verde, S.C. E-mail: sandracv@itn.mces.pt; Tenreiro, R.; Botelho, M.L

    2004-10-01

    The aim of this study is to develop the application of irradiation technology to chicken eggs in order to get a product free of pathogenic microorganisms. Bioburden values of eggs from chickens of different ages (n=150) were found to not be significantly different (p<0.05) and an average value of (2.0{+-}0.3). 10{sup 5} cfu/egg was obtained for the shell. Two major microbial groups were characterized in the egg's natural microbiota, no Salmonella or Campylobacter were detected. HACCP studies indicated the feed as a critical point. Dosimetry studies were carried out in a {gamma} facility to find the best geometry and dose rate for irradiation. Whole eggs were artificially contaminated with reference strains of Salmonella typhimurium, Salmonella enteritidis, Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni and irradiated in the {gamma} facility at sub-lethal doses (0.2-1 kGy) with a dose rate of 1.0 kGy/h. D{sub value} varied between 0.31-0.26 kGy and 0.20-0.19 kGy in S. typhimurium and S. enteritidis, and between 0.21-0.18 kGy and 0.07-0.09 in C. coli and C. jejuni, for shell and yolk+white. Using sub-lethal doses up to 5 kGy, the D{sub value} of natural microbiota in whole eggs was 1.29 kGy. Results show that low irradiation doses could guarantee egg sanitation.

  18. Plan de negocio para la creación una de empresa de prestación de servicios generales para el hogar, la industria y comercio

    OpenAIRE

    Califa Garzón, Cindy Lorena

    2012-01-01

    La limpieza es fundamental para cualquier espacio ya sea industrial, doméstico o comercial. Es por esto que en Colombia se observa una tendencia de las industrias de contratar servicios de limpieza y servicios generales suministrados por empresas de outsourcing, que proporcionan excelente calidad, disminución de costos y permiten que la empresa contratante se concentre en el “core” del negocio. Sin embargo, no todos los outsourcing facilitan completamente el desarrollo de un negocio, las pequ...

  19. UNA METODOLOGÍA PARA LA FORMULACIÓN DE PLANES DE ORDENAMIENTO DEL RECURSO HÍDRICO A Methodology for Formulating Water Ordering Plans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresita Betancur Vargas

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En el marco de la política nacional para la gestión del recurso hídrico, el Decreto 3930 de 2010, reafirma la necesidad y pertinencia de formular planes de ordenamiento del recurso hídrico -PORH-; si bien ya el Decreto 1594 de 1984 había planteado esta necesidad, poco se ha avanzado en el país al respecto. Este artículo sintetiza los resultados de un proyecto de investigación realizado por la Universidad de Antioquia por encargo de CORANTIOQUIA, en relación con el diseño de una propuesta metodológica para la formulación de los PORH. Esta metodología fue ya aplicada para formular los PORH para cuerpos de agua en microcuencas de las Direcciones Territoriales Tahamíes y Zenufaná de CORANTIOQUIA.In relation to the national policy for water management, Decree 3930, 2010 ratifies the importance and need for formulating Water Ordering Plans; although Decree 1594, 1984 had already established this need, few progress has been achieved in the country in relation to this topic. This article is a synthesis of results of a research project hired by CORANTIOQUIA and conducted by Universidad de Antioquia with respect to the design of a methodological proposal for formulating Water Ordering Plans. This methodology has already been applied to formulate Water Ordering Plans for water bodies in micro-basins from CORANTIOQUIA Tahamíes and Zenufaná territories.

  20. Proyecto de desarrollo para la valoración financiera de los locutoríos y plan maestro de marketing para la empresa alomil - offitel

    OpenAIRE

    Plua Teran, Fernando Javier; Romero Santos, Giovanni Francisco; Pfister Nyffenegger, Emilio

    2009-01-01

    El objetivo principal del proyecto es desarrollar un estudio de mercado, una valoración financiera e implementar una estrategia que permita establecer a la empresa ALOMIL-OFITEL como la empresa de mayor innovación en tecnología y de servicios agregados, de mayor crecimiento y solidez, la cual se ubique a la vanguardia y sea la preferida del sector de telecomunicaciones, mostrando altos estándares de calidad y compromiso con nuestros clientes, estableciendo esfuerzos para generar mayor rent...

  1. Desarrollo de un plan de mercadeo para CARWASH COSTA RICA S.A., para el lavado de automóviles por medio de servicios a domicilio

    OpenAIRE

    Acosta Feoli, Andrea

    2007-01-01

    Tesis de maestría -- Universidad de Costa Rica. Posgrado en Administración y Dirección de Empresas. Maestría Profesional en Administración y Dirección de Empresas con énfasis en Mercadeo y Ventas, 2007 CARWASH COSTA RICA es una empresa mediana dedicada al lavado de automóviles desde 1989. Después de casi 20 años de trayectoria en el mercado nacional, la empresa ha decidido ofrecer a sus clientes actuales, y como estrategia de crecimiento para atender nuevos mercados, un nuevo servicio a do...

  2. Un modelo bi-criterio para la ubicación de albergues, como parte de un plan de evacuación en caso de inundaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Gaytán Iniestra

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Una de las ciudades mexicanas afectada recurrentemente por inundaciones es la de Villahermosa, capital del Estado de Tabasco, el cual se ubica al sureste de la república mexicana. Las inundaciones frecuentes hacen necesario contar con un plan de ayuda para apoyar y garantizar la seguridad de la población afectada. El objetivo de esta investigación fue diseñar un plan de evacuación de la población en caso de inundación, el cual incluye: 1 la apertura de albergues y centros de distribución, con un inventario pre-posicionado de paquetes de ayuda y 2 la asignación de individuos a albergues y rutas para su evacuación.  Empleando Sistemas de Información Geográfica y software especializado se simularon tres escenarios de inundación para la ciudad de Villahermosa: tirante de agua de 80 centímetros, 2 y 4 metros para identificar instalaciones que pudieran acondicionarse como albergues o centros de distribución, rutas de evacuación y zonas de la ciudad que resultarían inundadas.  Esta información se utilizó como entrada de un modelo de programación lineal entera con dos objetivos: minimizar el tiempo total requerido para evacuar a las personas y minimizar el costo total de abrir albergues y centros de distribución, y de usar las rutas de comunicación para trasladar a la población y abastecer los albergues. Como estos son objetivos que están en conflicto, se generaron puntos selectos del frente de Pareto, mediante el método de los pesos y la ε-restricción, que corresponden a distintos planes preventivos de evacuación los que garantizan el uso óptimo de los recursos económicos. Los modelos se resolvieron empleando el Sistema General de Modelaje Algebraico; primero se obtuvo la solución de mínimo costo, que satisface todas las restricciones para después minimizar el tiempo total de evacuación. Los puntos generados representan, por tanto, opciones con costo diferente para evacuar a la totalidad de la población afectada

  3. Application of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) to the Cultivation Line of Mushroom and Other Cultivated Edible Fungi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardo, José E; de Figueirêdo, Vinícius Reis; Alvarez-Ortí, Manuel; Zied, Diego C; Peñaranda, Jesús A; Dias, Eustáquio Souza; Pardo-Giménez, Arturo

    2013-09-01

    The Hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP) is a preventive system which seeks to ensure food safety and security. It allows product protection and correction of errors, improves the costs derived from quality defects and reduces the final overcontrol. In this paper, the system is applied to the line of cultivation of mushrooms and other edible cultivated fungi. From all stages of the process, only the reception of covering materials (stage 1) and compost (stage 3), the pre-fruiting and induction (step 6) and the harvest (stage 7) have been considered as critical control point (CCP). The main hazards found were the presence of unauthorized phytosanitary products or above the permitted dose (stages 6 and 7), and the presence of pathogenic bacteria (stages 1 and 3) and/or heavy metals (stage 3). The implementation of this knowledge will allow the self-control of their productions based on the system HACCP to any plant dedicated to mushroom or other edible fungi cultivation.

  4. Use of the hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP) risk assessment on a medical device for parenteral application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahnke, Michael; Kühn, Klaus-Dieter

    2003-01-01

    In order to guarantee the consistently high quality of medical products for human use, it is absolutely necessary that flawless hygiene conditions are maintained by the strict observance of hygiene rules. With the growing understanding of the impact of process conditions on the quality of the resulting product, process controls (surveillance) have gained increasing importance to complete the quality profile traditionally defined by post-process product testing. Today, process controls have become an important GMP requirement for the pharmaceutical industry. However, before quality process controls can be introduced, the manufacturing process has to be analyzed, with the focus on its critical quality-influencing steps. The HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points) method is well recognized as a useful tool in the pharmaceutical industry. This risk analysis, following the guidelines of the HACCP method and the monitoring of critical steps during the manufacturing process was applied to the manufacture of methyl methacrylate solution used for bone cement and led to the establishment of a preventative monitoring system and constitutes an effective concept for quality assurance of hygiene and all other parameters influencing the quality of the product.

  5. Preliminary Validation and Verification Plan for CAREM Reactor Protection System; Modelo de Plan Preliminar de Validacion y Verificacion para el Sistema de Proteccion del Reactor CAREM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fittipaldi, Ana; Felix, Maciel [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Centro Atomico Bariloche (Argentina)

    2000-07-01

    The purpose of this paper, is to present a preliminary validation and verification plan for a particular architecture proposed for the CAREM reactor protection system with software modules (computer based system).These software modules can be either own design systems or systems based in commercial modules such as programmable logic controllers (PLC) redundant of last generation.During this study, it was seen that this plan can also be used as a validation and verification plan of commercial products (COTS, commercial off the shelf) and/or smart transmitters.The software life cycle proposed and its features are presented, and also the advantages of the preliminary validation and verification plan.

  6. La "capacidad vial" del plan regulador chileno, ¿es lo suficientemente buena para dar forma a un entorno edificado sostenible?/ The "road capacity" of the chilean master plan is it good enough for shaping a sustainable built environment?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cárdenas Jirón, Luz Alicia

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available The "road capacity" of the Chilean Master Plan is a tool developed to measure the capacity of streets in terms of supporting the size of vehicle flow. This tool considers topics such as land use, population density and street width. The purpose of this technique is to incorporate it to the Master Plan, as a town planning instrument, so as to cope with traffic forecasting and congestion. However, the technique does not embrace any sustainability concept, this is due to a disregard of any district ´s social or environmental needs. Therefore a sustainable urban development would doubtfully be reached. It is argued that some other approaches are required for shaping a sustainable built environment in which it is understood that the streets are a public space for people rather than a platform for moving vehicles only. This means, to promote accessibility as well as mobility. In this paper the author reviews borrowed concepts such as "carrying capacity" and "environmental capacity" from bioregionalist and ecological disciplines using a case study in outskirts of Santiago´s metro area./La "capacidad vial" del Plan Regulador chileno es una herramienta desarrollada para medir la capacidad de las calles en términos de apoyar el tamaño del flujo de vehículos. Esta herramienta considera temas como el uso de la tierra, la densidad de población y ancho de la calle. El propósito de esta técnica es su incorporación al Plan Maestro, como un instrumento de planificación de la ciudad, con el fin de hacer frente a la previsión del tráfico y la congestión. Sin embargo, la técnica no incluye ningún concepto de sostenibilidad. Por lo tanto un desarrollo urbano sostenible dudosamente sería alcanzado. Se argumenta que algunos otros enfoques son necesarios para dar forma a un medio ambiente sostenible integrado, en el que se entiende que las calles son un espacio público para las personas en lugar de una plataforma para mover los vehículos solamente

  7. Líneas actividades indicadores y metas estratégicas para el Plan de Mejoramiento Estratégico para el servicio de salud de la Institución Penitenciaria de Acacias

    OpenAIRE

    Rojas Gutiérrez, Dania Magnolia

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo establecer un plan de de mejoramiento estratégico que permita optimizar el servicio de salud de la Institución Penitenciaria de Acacias. Para lograr este fin se hace un análisis del sector carcelario y penitenciario en Colombia con el fin de identificar la problemática que lo viene afectando en los últimos años, se establece un diagnostico en la Penitenciaria de Acacias con el fin de establecer la problemática que existe en la prestación de servicio...

  8. A comparative presentation of implementation of ISO 22000 versus HACCP and FMEA in a small size Greek factory producing smoked trout: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arvanitoyannis, Ioannis S; Palaiokostas, Christos; Panagiotaki, Panagiota

    2009-02-01

    ISO 22000 is the new standard bound to replace HACCP on issues related to food safety. Although several companies, especially the big ones, have either implemented or are on the point of implementing ISO 22000, there are many others which are rather timid and/or reluctant to implement it. The main reason behind that is the lack of information and the fear that the new standard is too demanding in terms of bureaucratic work. This paper aims at making a comparative presentation of how the two systems can be applied to a small smoked salmon producing company thereby facilitating the emergence of the differences. The main difference is that in ISO 22000 systems like Good Manufacturing Practice and Good Hygiene Practice are prerequisites thus leading to lower number of CCPs. In this case study for example, the number of CCPs dropped from eight (8) in HACCP to four (4) in ISO 22000. Furthermore, the Failure Mode and Effect Analysis was applied to the smoked trout manufacturing process in an attempt to calculate quantitatively the Risk Priority Number (RPN) and to find out whether it can be effectively correlated to ISO 22000 and/or HACCP. RPN was found to be higher than 130 for eight steps, in close agreement with HACCP, thereby indicating that corrective actions will have to be undertaken.

  9. Microbiological performance of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP)-based food safety management systems: A case of Nile perch processing company

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kussaga, J.B.; Luning, P.A.; Tiisekwa, B.P.M.; Jacxsens, L.

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed at giving insight into microbiological safety output of a Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP)-based Food Safety Management System (FSMS) of a Nile perch exporting company by using a combined assessment, This study aimed at giving insight into microbiological safety output

  10. Semi-quantitative study to evaluate the performance of a HACCP-based food safety management system in Japanese milk processing plants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sampers, I.; Toyofuku, H.; Luning, P.A.; Uyttendaele, M.; Jacxsens, L.

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to gain an insight in the performance of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP)-based food safety management systems (FSMS) implemented in Japanese milk processing plants. Since 1995, Japan has a comprehensive approval system for food manufacturing establishments by

  11. Your Business Plan: A Workbook for Small Businesses in Oregon = Su Plan de Negocio: Un Libro de Trabajo Para Empresas Pequenas en Oregon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sargent, Dennis J.; Chambers, Maynard N.

    Designed as an aid for those investigating the possibility of opening their first business, as well as business owners with many years experience who have never prepared a written business plan, this workbook guides the reader through the steps involved in the preparation of a business plan or feasibility study. After a general discussion of the…

  12. Plan de Marketing y Estrategia de Posicionamiento para un emprendimiento de lencería infantil: Bellamia

    OpenAIRE

    Apaolaza, María Fernanda

    2015-01-01

    INDICE -- I. INTRODUCCIÓN -- II. MARCO TEÓRICO -- 1. Las 5 Fuerzas de Michael Porter -- 2. El proceso de decisión de compra -- a. Participantes del proceso de decisión de compra -- 3. Marketing: Definición -- 4. Plan de Marketing -- b. Alcance del plan de marketing -- c. Las ventajas de un plan de marketing -- 5. Estructura del plan de Marketing -- a. Sumario ejecutivo -- b. Introducción del plan de marketing -- c. Análisis de la situación -- d. Análisis del mercado objetivo -- e. Problemas y...

  13. Proyecto para el diseño e implementación de un plan de captación y fidelización de clientes utilizando recursos y herramientas internet

    OpenAIRE

    Herrer Riu, Carlos Alberto

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo del presente proyecto es el de diseñar e implementar un plan para la captación y fidelización de clientes para una empresa de servicios de consultoría y de formación, “RTM Calidad y Formación SL”, mediante los actuales recursos y herramientas internet, lo que se conoce en el mundo del marketing digital como un plan de social media marketing (SMM)

  14. DEL EDITOR. ¿CÓMO SE PREPARA EL VALLE DE ABURRÁ PARA ENFRENTAR EL CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO? PROPUESTAS DESDE EL PLAN BIO 2030

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Cadavid

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La planifi cación urbana de largo plazo debe incluir necesariamente estrategias para enfrentar las nuevas condiciones que el cambio climático generaría, con períodos de lluvia y sequía más intensos y prolongados. De la misma manera, es necesario adoptar medidas para reducir las emisiones de gases con efecto invernadero derivados de la dinámica urbana. El siguiente artículo describe las estrategias que el plan BIO 2030 propone para mitigar el impacto del Área Metropolitana del Valle de Aburrá sobre el cambio climático global, y al mismo tiempo, adaptarse a las posibles nuevas condiciones de precipitación en el ámbito regional y local. El texto describe propuestas sobre diversos temas, tales como el abastecimiento hídrico, el drenaje urbano sostenible, el fortalecimiento de las funciones ambientales del espacio público, el incremento de la oferta de áreas protegidas urbanas y periurbanas, el mejor tratamiento de los residuos, así como medidas para el mejoramiento de la efi ciencia energética relacionadas con una movilidad más limpia y una distribución de actividades urbanas mejor articulada con la infraestructura de transporte.

  15. DIRECTRICES PARA LA ELABORACIÓN DE UN PLAN PARA LA MIGRACIÓN A TELEVISIÓN DIGITAL TERRESTRE (TDT) EN VENEZUELA

    OpenAIRE

    José Rafael Uzcátegui; José Francisco Torres; Nelson Pérez García; Luís Duque; Zeldívar Bruzual

    2010-01-01

    En octubre 2009, la República Bolivariana de Venezuela adoptó el estándar ISDB-Tb (Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting – Terrestrial Built On), de origen japonés, y con las mejoras introducidas por Brasil, como base para el sistema de Televisión Digital Terrestre (TDT) en Venezuela. Con la elección del estándar se inicia el camino hacia la solución de transcendentales aspectos de carácter técnico y legal que permitan la prestación de un servicio de Televisión Digital Terrestre cónsono co...

  16. Diseño de un plan estratégico de seguridad vial departamental (Modelo piloto para el departamento de Boyacá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flor Ángela Cerquera Escobar Julio Andrés Pabón Cachope Ricardo Andrés Fajardo

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Sintetiza  una  serie  de  consideraciones  que  sirvencomo marco  de  referencia  para  definir  un  plan  deacción en seguridad vial, cuyo desarrollo y ejecuciónestán  encaminados  a  reducir  los  accidentes  en  lasvías del departamento de Boyacá, y que sirve comomodelo guía para cualquier otra región del país. Losresultados  que  se  presentan  fueron  obtenidos  en  eldesarrollo  del  proyecto  de  grado  en  Ingeniería  deTransporte  y  Vías  t itulado  “Diseño  del  PlanEstratégico de Seguridad Vial para el departamentode Boyacá”;  además,  se  consideran  varios  tópicosplanteados en documentos que sobre Seguridad Vialha  desarrollado  el  Grupo  de  Invest igación  yDesarrollo en Operación del Tránsito, GIDOT. Esteproyecto  se  adelantó  como  un  direccionamiento  alPlan  de  Desarrollo  del  departamento,   en  lo

  17. Plan estratégico para el desarrollo del turismo rural comunitario en la región Cusco

    OpenAIRE

    Sepúlveda Medina, Hollman; Basurto Zapata, Rafael; Vizcarra Gutiérrez, Yuri

    2010-01-01

    El turismo es una de las actividades económicas que ha tenido un crecimiento importante en los últimos años, convirtiendo a esta industria atractiva para su desarrollo en países con potencial turístico, como el Perú. El turismo rural comunitario es una alternativa dentro de la industria del turismo para el desarrollo de las comunidades rurales que mediante una organización adecuada, les permite aprovechar el entorno y específicamente los recursos turísticos con que cuentan. En Latinoaméric...

  18. Plan estratégico de marketing para el Centro de Diagnóstico Médico "Osteosalud"

    OpenAIRE

    Gallardo Apolo, María Irlanda del Rocío

    2015-01-01

    La planificación estratégica de marketing trae consigo determinar las estrategias que vayan de acuerdo a la solución de la problemática encontrada durante el desarrollo de la situación actual de la empresa analizada; para ello fue necesario entender el entorno de manera general, además de la situación interna de la empresa para establecer su correspondiente diagnóstico situacional expresado en la matriz del análisis FODA. Posteriormente se realizó la investigación de mercados, con la finalida...

  19. Plan de entrenamiento y capacitación para el nuevo personal: proyecto Galileo de Schlumberger Surenco S.A.

    OpenAIRE

    Sarmiento Garay, Julian

    2016-01-01

    Las empresas en su direccionamiento estratégico requieren de la estructuración de actividades para mantener control y orden sobre las capacitaciones llevadas a cabo al personal que ingresa a la compañía. En base a esto, se identificó que la empresa Schlumberger Surenco SA, dedicada a la prestación de servicios de petróleo y gas, no poseía un esquema claro de entrenamiento donde se presentaran no solo los conocimientos y objetivos del proyecto, sino detalles vitales para su desempeño dentro de...

  20. Plan de negocio para la creación de una empresa de manejo integral de residuos solidos

    OpenAIRE

    Barahona Pardo, Liliana

    2012-01-01

    El presente proyecto es el resultado del análisis efectuado sobre el sector del reciclaje en Bogotá y las oportunidades identificadas para la creación de nuevos negocios a partir de las necesidades existentes. Donde cobra importancia la concientización y la optimización de los procesos productivos promoviendo la clasificación desde la fuente para lograr el máximo aprovechamiento y valorización de los residuos producidos por medianas y grandes empresas, logrando un mejoramiento del medio amb...

  1. Plan de negocio para la implementación de un restaurante pizzería Fusión Ítalo-Andina

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Rozas, Daniela; Merino Castro, Eliana Patricia; Salas Hidalgo, Guillermo

    2015-01-01

    El crecimiento gastronómico registrado durante los últimos años, la designación de restaurantes peruanos entre los mejores restaurantes del mundo y el hecho de que Perú sea considerado como el cuarto país emergente del mundo para invertir, ha generado que el sector hoteles y restaurantes desarrolle nuevos productos y servicios, cumpliendo con los estándares de calidad internacional. En este contexto, se desarrolló el presente plan de negocios con el objetivo de evaluar la implementación de...

  2. Modelos de investigación del mercado español y del plan de marketing estratégico para la Pera Rocha portuguesa

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira Jordao, José de Sousa

    2002-01-01

    Se trata del análisis de las preferencias del mercado español sobre la Perla Rocha, un pera genuinamente portuguesa, para el diseño de un plan de marketing estratégico al final. En el presente estudio, en un intento de aportar información al respecto, en primer lugar, se presenta la justificación y objetivos del trabajo; seguidamente se desarrolla un cuadro conceptual y un conjunto de hipótesis, de que resulta la metodología aplicada en la investigación empírica. Tras ofrecer una visión panor...

  3. Plan de negocio para la creación de una casa rural casitas El Teu-Llar en la isla de Lanzarote

    OpenAIRE

    GONZALEZ JARA, MARIA CRISTINA

    2014-01-01

    [ES] El presente trabajo final de carrera tiene por objeto la realización de un plan de negocio para implantar una empresa dedicada al alojamiento rural en el municipio de Haría (Lanzarote). El nombre comercial de la misma será Casitas el Teu-Llar queriendo hacer presente en el nombre tanto la procedencia de la propietaria (Valencia) como el lema de la empresa que es sentirse en casa. Los servicios que proporcionará estarán divididos en tres líneas de negocio (alojamiento, restauración y ...

  4. PLAN DE EMPRESA PARA LA CREACIÓN DE UN ALBERGUE DE MONTAÑA EN LA POBLACIÓN OSCENSE DE TORLA

    OpenAIRE

    LEZA INFANTE, DANIEL

    2014-01-01

    [ES] El presente Trabajo de Final de Carrera (TFC) tiene por objeto la elaboración de un plan de empresa para la creación de un albergue de montaña en la provincia de Huesca, más concretamente en la población de Torla. Se trata de uno de los enclaves más significativos de la comarca del Sobrarbe, dada su ubicación como puerta de acceso al valle de Ordesa, perteneciente al Parque Nacional de Ordesa y Monte Perdido, y de Bujaruelo. La idea es unificar la paz, el silencio y el relax con la ac...

  5. Plan verde: un instrumento para la gestión y fomento de áreas verdes en el gran Santiago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Nilo Orellana

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available La ciudad de Santiago, cuenta con una importante falencia de espacios verdes. La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS recomienda que las ciudades tengan 9 metros cuadrados por habitante. Por su parte, el Plan de Prevención y Descontaminación para la Región Metropolitana (PPDA se ha propuesto como meta lograr que el área Metropolitana logre un promedio de 6 metros cuadrados por habitante.

  6. Plan estratégico para McDonald's Perú : gestión de una cadena de suministros sostenible 2008-2010

    OpenAIRE

    Delgado Baca, Edwin; Flores Morante, Grace Milagros; Ninahuanca Ortiz, Sandra Cecilia

    2016-01-01

    El trabajo de investigación plantea el desarrollo de un Plan Estratégico para McDonald’s Perú, en base al caso de McDonald’s Corporation: gestión de una cadena de suministros sostenible. McDonald’s Corporation es una empresa multinacional dedicada a la venta de comida rápida que cuenta con franquiciados y operadores directos. Una de sus franquicias más grande es Operaciones Arcos Dorados (con sede en Argentina) que comprende, entre otras divisiones, en la parte sur de Latinoamérica a la di...

  7. Propuesta de un plan de mantenimiento para maquinaria pesada de la Empresa Minera Dynasty Mining del cantón Portovelo

    OpenAIRE

    Maldonado Villavicencio, Herman Manuel; Sigüenza Maldonado, Luis Alfredo

    2012-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación está orientado en la elaboración de una "Propuesta de un plan de mantenimiento para maquinaria pesada de la empresa minera Dynasty Mining del cantón Portovelo". El cual está dividido en 5 capítulos, los mismos que estarán subdivididos de tal manera que sean entendidos por las personas que vayan a poner en práctica el programa de mantenimiento propuesto. El primer capítulo trata sobre la introducción al mantenimiento, sus conceptos, su importancia y como...

  8. Propuesta de un plan estratégico de mercadeo para la marca de vehículos Ford en Costa Rica

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Arguedas, Ronald; Solís Arce, Rita

    2003-01-01

    Universidad de Costa Rica. Posgrado en Administración y Dirección de Empresas. Maestría Profesional en Administración y Dirección de Empresas con énfasis en Mercadeo y Ventas Se propone un plan estratégico de mercadeo para la empresa Nacional Automotriz (NASA), distribuidor exclusivo de las líneas de vehículos Ford en Costa Rica, mediante una evaluación de las actuales estrategias aplicadas por la empresa y del mercado nacional automotriz, que permita a NASA aumentar su competitividad, inc...

  9. La forma urbana del medio ambiente construido: Hacia una propuesta de estructuración para el instrumento Plan Regulador Comunal. / The urban form of the built environment: towards a proposed structure for the instrument Communal Regulating Plan.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cárdenas Jirón, Luz Alicia

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available La forma urbana del medio ambiente construido es el elemento central de este artículo, abordado desde dos perspectivas: en primer lugar la crítica de la forma urbana resultante de un instrumento de planificación y en segundo lugar una propuesta de estructuración de la forma urbana para el Plan Regulador Comunal. Con este objeto, se presenta un modelo cartográfico para entregar una pauta metodológica de los aspectos relevantes a la forma urbana que debieran tomarse en cuenta al momento de planificar y gestionar la ciudad. /The urban form of the built environment is the core element of this article. Two approaches have been developed to deal with it, firstly, a criticism of the urban form as a result of the town planning instrument and secondly a proposal to structure the urban form for Plan Regulador Comunal. Given that a cartographic model is showed as an example to deal with relevant issues in relation to the urban form. The model tries to give a methodological guide to the urban planners and managers.

  10. Meal Planning for People with Diabetes, 2nd Edition = Planificacion de Comidas para Personas con Diabetes, 2 Edicion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Migrant Resource Program, Inc., Austin, TX.

    This booklet provides information about diabetes and meal planning particularly designed for migrant individuals. The first section defines diabetes, explains different types of diabetes, lists results of uncontrolled diabetes, and describes the goals and components of a diabetic meal plan. The second section explains the exchange system of…

  11. Plan Estratégico para la implementación de un Centro de Servicios de Informática Forense

    OpenAIRE

    Appendino, Sergio; Aprile, Fredi; De Gallo, Herminia Beatriz

    2015-01-01

    El proceso de implementación de un centro de servicio profesional y científico supone la formulación de un plan estratégico que oriente la propuesta. La definición de la misión esencial, la visión que se persigue y los objetivos marcan las líneas a seguir en la transformación paulatina de la idea inicial en un hecho concreto. Elaborados estos componentes, se toman de base para definir un Plan de Acción que vuelque a la práctica la idea inicial, dando forma a una institución que cada día ti...

  12. Plan de mercadeo para tus competencias Ltda., una empresa de servicios técnicos asociados a las normas y sistemas de gestión

    OpenAIRE

    Triana Arias , Diana Marcela

    2016-01-01

    Este documento contiene el plan de mercadeo para posicionar a “Tus Competencias” como la mejor opción en normas y sistemas de gestión en el sector comercio de Cali y Yumbo; aumentar la base de clientes en un 100% en el primer año de ejecución y lograr un nivel de ventas por encima de los 50 millones de pesos. Como parte del plan, se realizó un análisis de las 5C en las cuales se encontró que la empresa debía enfocarse en servicios de formación, asesoría y auditoría de calidad, medio ambien...

  13. Plan de desarrollo estratégico para la compañía plásticos chempro: línea hogar

    OpenAIRE

    Coello Cazar, David; Plaza De La Rosa, Vanessa; Pastor Lopez, Bolivar

    2009-01-01

    El tema presentado es un Plan de Desarrollo Estratégico, también llamado Plan de Mercadeo que se realizó a una compañía que produce y comercializa productos plásticos en cuatro diferentes líneas de producción: Línea Hogar (con productos para la cocina, baño y limpieza), Línea Juguetería, Línea Avícola (comederos y bebederos par animales de granja, especialmente pollos) y Línea Industrial (casilleros de seguridad fabricados en plásticos). El estudio se enfocó exclusivamente a la línea Hoga...

  14. Interesting tools for the cybersecurity plan of a nuclear power plant; Herramientas de utilidad para el plan de Ciberseguridad de una Planta Nuclear

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pareja, I.; Carrasco, J. A.; Cerro, F. J. del

    2012-07-01

    The use of digital technologies in monitoring and control systems of nuclear power plants and their connectivity requirements, originate cybersecurity difficulties that should be addressed in a cybersecurity plan. This plan should guide the policies and procedures followed during the design maintenance and operation of the systems inside a nuclear power plant. It also should refer to adequate tools able to reach the established cybersecurity requirements. The combination of Datadiodes and tools for publishing video (like tVGA2web), permit an isolation and remote maintenance in a 100% safety way and their use should be disseminated. In the paper other type of tools useful for nuclear power plants are also mentioned.

  15. Application of food safety management systems (ISO 22000/HACCP) in the Turkish poultry industry: a comparison based on enterprise size.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kök, M Samil

    2009-10-01

    The objectives of this study were to determine the extent of food safety management systems (ISO 22000/HACCP) implementation in the Turkish poultry industry. A survey was conducted with 25 major poultry meat producers, which account for close to 90% of national production, and a comparison was made between the procedures of small-to-medium enterprises (SMEs) and large firms (LFs). The survey revealed that there is a high level of application of ISO 22000 (72%), which is seen to aid the export market. LFs were shown to adopt more stringent schemes and make better use of governmental support services than SMEs. LFs were also more aware of, and able to deal with, risks from a greater range of contaminants.

  16. Common problems in HACCP examination and analysis concerned%HACCP审核中常见问题及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建军; 蔡纯

    2007-01-01

    列举了作者在HACCP审核中所遇到问题的实例,对照国家认监委《食品生产企业危害分析与关键控制点(HACCP)管理体系认证管理规定》和CAC《HACCP体系及其应用准则》逐一进行剖析,指出了HACCP原理在实际应用中存在的普遍问题--没有从企业的实际情况出发,科学系统地应用HACCP原理进行分析,制定出科学有效的HACCP计划.

  17. Application of HACCP System in Restaurant Industry%浅析HACCP系统在餐饮业的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊敏

    2003-01-01

    食品的安全性正受到世界范围的广泛关注,危害分析关键控制点系统(HACCP)是近年来逐步应用于食品生产过程中的食品安全控制系统.在各类由于食品污染引起的食源性疾病中,60%发生于餐饮企业.若在餐饮业中实施HACCP系统,将有助于帮助人们获得安全的食品.本文根据中餐烹调工艺的特点,简要分析餐饮业如何实施HACCP系统.

  18. MATLAB platform for Monte Carlo planning and dosimetry experimental evaluation; Plataforma Matlab para planificacion Monte Carlo y evaluacion dosimetrica experimental

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baeza, J. A.; Ureba, A.; Jimenez-Ortega, E.; Pereira-Barbeiro, A. R.; Leal, A.

    2013-07-01

    A new platform for the full Monte Carlo planning and an independent experimental evaluation that it can be integrated into clinical practice. The tool has proved its usefulness and efficiency and now forms part of the flow of work of our research group, the tool used for the generation of results, which are to be suitably revised and are being published. This software is an effort of integration of numerous algorithms of image processing, along with planning optimization algorithms, allowing the process of MCTP planning from a single interface. In addition, becomes a flexible and accurate tool for the evaluation of experimental dosimetric data for the quality control of actual treatments. (Author)

  19. Plan to research and technological development for radioactive waste management 1999-2003; Plan de investigacion y desarrollo tecnologico para la gestion de residuos radiactivos 1999-2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This in turn means a change in the orientation of the R&D that ENRESA has been performing to date, the first step in this direction being the current Plan, which will cover the period 1999-2003. On the basis of the above, and closely tracking the progress mode and the situation existing in the other countries of the OECD and EU involved in similar programmes, the new R&D Plan includes a series of areas of research that cover all the internationally considered radioactive waste management options and alternatives. These include R&D activities that range from the exhaustive treatment of irradiated fuels (advanced reprocessing and transmutation) to the direct storage of spent fuel (open cycle). The latter was the only option considered in previous R&D Plans, which proposed the construction of a deep geological disposal facility by around the year 2025. As has been pointed out above, this new R&D approach, which implies a wider view of spent fuel management options, including separation and transmutation, along with modulation in budgeting, in order to adopt to a longer timeframe for implementation of the possible solutions, is embodied in the new GRWP. The objective and activities considered in this Plan are to make a decisive contribution of the scientific and technological bases supporting future decision-making on the most adequate way of addressing the definitive management of high level wastes. (Author)

  20. Application of HACCP principles as a management tool for monitoring and controlling microbiological hazards in water treatment facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jagals, C; Jagals, P

    2004-01-01

    HACCP (hazard analysis and critical control points) principles were applied to evaluate the effectiveness of two water treatment facilities to continually produce potable water free of microbiological health hazards. This paper reports a hazard analyses protocol (microbiological hazards based on faecal coliforms (FC) and turbidity (TBY) as indicators) for critical control points (CCPs) within each facility. The CCPs were raw resource water, sedimentation, filtration and chlorine-disinfection. The aim was to determine the effectiveness of each CCP to remove the indicators from the water under treatment. Arbitrary critical performance limit targets (CPLTs) were set up for each CCP to determine to what extent each contributed to effective removal and to predict what the effect would be if any of the CCPs should fail. Health-related water quality guideline limits for expected health effects were applied and compliance measured at the 90th percentile. The raw resource river water used at both treatment facilities complied with raw resource water extraction CPLTs. The treated potable water complied with health-related drinking water guidelines. Sedimentation removed the largest proportion of the indicators from the raw water, but showed failure potential that could overload the consequent system. Filtration effectiveness at both treatment facilities showed potential to break down the overall effectiveness of the entire treatment facility, since the filter systems failed to meet their respective CPLTs. This left the disinfection phase to remove the remaining portion of indicators. Faecal coliforms appeared to be completely removed from post-chlorination samples. This indicated that both chlorine disinfection phases were 100% effective in meeting their disinfection CPLTs, despite having to "clean up" the indicator organisms that spilt over from the upstream CCPs. This, nevertheless, implied a risk of unsafe water release into distribution. CCPs at these treatment

  1. Planejamento de ações para automação inteligente da manufatura Action planning for intelligent manufacturing automation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavio Tonidandel

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo investiga o uso do sistema FAR-OFF na área da Automação da Manufatura. O sistema FAR-OFF possui característica similar aos sistemas de planejamento baseado em busca heurística, os quais têm apresentado excelentes resultados nos últimos anos na área de planejamento. Entretanto, em vez de ser um sistema generativo, o FAR-OFF é um sistema de planejamento baseado em casos que garante estabilidade para solucionar problemas em tempo aceitável. Os resultados apresentados pelo sistema no domínio de logística mostram que este é um sistema promissor para automação inteligente.This paper investigates the use of the FAR-OFF system in the Manufacturing Automation field. The FAR-OFF system has the feature of heuristic search based systems, which have been presenting excellent results over the last years in the planning area. However, instead of being a generative planning system, the FAR-OFF system is a case-based planner that can guarantee stability to solve problems in a reasonable amount of time. The results presented by its application in the logistic domain show that it is a promising system for intelligent automation.

  2. Políticas de Inclusión Social para los Grupos Etarios más Vulnerables: Plan de Inclusión Previsional y Asignación Universal por Hijo para Protección Social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro A. Calabria

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumen En este trabajo se analizan dos políticas de protección social implementadas en la Argentina con énfasis en aquellos sectores más vulnerables: el Plan de Inclusión Previsional (2005 destinado a adultos mayores y la Asignación Universal por Hijo para Protección Social (2009, destinado a niños, niñas y adolescentes menores de 18 años, cuyos padres no estén amparados por el sistema de asignaciones familiares contributivas. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que ambos programas han tenido importantes impactos en la ampliación de la cobertura de la seguridad social, y la reducción de la pobreza y la indigencia, que se extienden a todo el núcleo familiar.  

  3. Plan de intervención para enseñar matemáticas a alumnado con discapacidad intelectual

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández, Raquel; Sahuquillo, Alicia

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo muestra el plan de intervención diseñado y llevado a cabo en el aula con un alumno categorizado como con Necesidades Específicas de Apoyo Educativo que presenta una Discapacidad Intelectual Moderada con dificultades de aprendizaje en matemáticas. Dicho plan ha sido realizado en una escuela rural de Castilla La Mancha, por la maestra de Educación Especial del ni ño, que ha colaborado con la tutora, la orientadora, y con profesorado de la facultad de Educación de la Universi...

  4. Plan de intervención para enseñar matemáticas a alumnado con discapacidad intelectual

    OpenAIRE

    Raquel Fernández Cézar; Alicia Sahuquillo Olmeda

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo muestra el plan de intervención diseñado y llevado a cabo en el aula con un alumno categorizado como con Necesidades Específicas de Apoyo Educativo que presenta una Discapacidad Intelectual Moderada con dificultades de aprendizaje en matemáticas. Dicho plan ha sido realizado en una escuela rural de Castilla La Mancha, por la maestra de Educación Especial del niño, que ha colaborado con la tutora, la orientadora, y con profesorado de la Facultad de Educación de la Universidad de C...

  5. Plan de negocio para la creación de la empresa: "Prevent Ltda." Agencia de seguros

    OpenAIRE

    Mondragón Sánchez, Germán Mauricio; Rodríguez Díaz, Luz Adriana

    2011-01-01

    El presente plan de negocio muestra, la investigación realizada acerca de la oportunidad existente en la creación de una agencia de seguros especializada en la suscripción de pólizas de vehículos en la ciudad de Bogotá, y específicamente en estratos socioeconómicos 4, 5 y 6. El presente plan de negocio corresponde a una agencia de seguros cuya actividad económica consiste en intermediación, comercialización y suscripción de pólizas de seguros en ramos generales; inicialmente se incursio...

  6. The hydrographic basin a space for the environmental planning; La cuenca hidrografica un espacio para la planificacion ambiental

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monica, Dunoyer Mejia

    2002-12-01

    This paper is a synthesis of the work done in watershed management in the framework of sustainable development in Caldas, it describes different points of view to the watershed management approaches as well as its legal aspects developed in the recent history of Colombia. You will also find different basins delineations according to the size, spatial scale used, and the proposed objectives to achieve different goals in watershed management as a way to do environmental planning. At the end of this paper you will find a description of the methodological faces used to achieve a so-called ordering plan, based on legal. Parameters used to date in Colombia.

  7. Desarrollo de plan de marketing para elaboración y posicionamiento en el mercado de tarjeta con beneficios precargados

    OpenAIRE

    Faggliolini, Federico

    2015-01-01

    El desarrollo de una tarjeta con beneficios pre cargados para turistas que visitan la ciudad de Mar del Plata es un negocio atractivo e innovador que permite a todos sus actores beneficiarse. Por esta razón, el estudio de este negocio permitirá vislumbrar las ventajas del ingreso de inversionistas a este segmento del mercado. Por un lado, al momento de análisis, no hay existencia de competidores directos en este segmento, dado que no reúnen las características que brinda este producto/bene...

  8. Plan de negocios de la comercializadora INSPORTS insumos para la confección de ropa deportiva

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    INSPORTS será una empresa privada del sector secundario de la economía colombiana en la industria textil-confecciones. La empresa importará y comercializará cremalleras inversas separables de 70 cm, cremalleras inversas fijas de 55 cm y rollos de papel para sublimación digital de 111.8 cm con adhesivo y 91.4 cm sin adhesivo. Mediante el estudio de mercados realizado en esta idea de negocio se identificó las empresas que confeccionan ropa deportiva de ciclismo y patinaje como mercado obj...

  9. 78 FR 14635 - HACCP Plan Reassessment for Not-Ready-To-Eat Comminuted Poultry Products and Related Agency...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-07

    ... it will determine whether the association of NRTE meat or poultry product with an illness outbreak... and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability...

  10. 77 FR 72686 - HACCP Plan Reassessment for Not-Ready-To-Eat Comminuted Poultry Products and Related Agency...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    ..., political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or family status. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all... biological hazards, particularly Salmonella. An establishment that produces comminuted poultry and has... for NRTE comminuted poultry products adequately address biological hazards, Salmonella in particular...

  11. [Experience with knowledge development in food handlers with te implementation of Hazard Analysis Critical control points (HACCP) in a hospital food service].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Sousa, A A; de Salles, R K; Felipe, M R; Tosin, I

    1999-03-01

    The present article has as objective to describe the methodology of an experience of implantation of Hazard Analyses Critical Control Points (HACCP) with food handlers in a hospital food service establishment, inside of a conception of relationship and construction of knowledge. Meetings with the food handlers and nutritionists, with the objective of raising the difficulties poined for the sector and the work to be developed. The HACCP consisted of the evaluation of the operations, following the sequential steps recommended, looking itself to instruct the food handlers on the methods of the operations and its interpretations. The detected critical points, the measures of control, the criteria of correction and the monitoring have widely been argued, serving as didactic elements for the reconstruction of quality of the preparations. The discussions generated actions that were developed in short term, revealing the need of a more effective and continuous partnership for the new proposals.

  12. A comprehensive review of the implementation of hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP) to the production of flour and flour-based products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arvanitoyannis, Ioannis S; Traikou, Athina

    2005-01-01

    The production of flour and semolina and their ensuing products, such as bread, cake, spaghetti, noodles, and corn flakes, is of major importance, because these products constitute some of the main ingredients of the human diet. The Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) system aims at ensuring the safety of these products. HACCP has been implemented within the frame of this study on various products of both Asian and European origin; the hazards, critical control limits (CCLs), observation practices, and corrective actions have been summarized in comprehensive tables. Furthermore, the various production steps, packaging included, were thoroughly analyzed, and reference was made to both the traditional and new methodologies in an attempt to pinpoint the occurring differences (advantages and disadvantages) per process.

  13. A conceptual framework to the planning under financial restrictions; Um arcabouco conceitual para o planejamento sob restricoes financeiras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos, D.S. [Companhia Energetica de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Morozowski Filho, M. [Santa Catarina Univ., Florianopolis, SC (Brazil); Nahas, E.T.; Anjos, J.C.E. [Eletricidade de Sao Paulo SA, SP (Brazil)

    1991-12-31

    The necessary adaptations on planning methodology, to permit the elaboration of electric power transmission program, into financial costs limitation environment, are presented. The priority evaluation, its implication on electric supply quality and the costs limitation impact on transmission lines expansion project, are also discussed. 1 fig., 4 refs.

  14. Guia de ideas para la Planificacion y Aplicacion de Proyectos Intergeneracionales (Guide of Ideas for Planning and Implementing Intergenerational Projects)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Teresa Almeida; Marreel, Iris; Hatton-Yeo, Alan

    2009-01-01

    This version of "Guide of Ideas for Planning and Implementing Intergenerational Projects," written in Spanish, is for all professionals that are or wish to be enrolled in the development of intergenerational activities. This "Guide" is the main product of the Project MATES--Mainstreaming Intergenerational Solidarity,…

  15. Plan de acción de salud pública para combatir la resistencia a los antimicrobianos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Antimicrobial resistance constitutes a growing threat to everyone, regardless of age, sex, or socioeconomic status. The problem could end up reversing the dramatic reduction in morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases that was achieved with these drugs over the last half century. Although it is impossible to end the problem of antimicrobial resistance, it is possible to make it manageable. To reach this goal, there is a need to improve the monitoring of emerging resistance problems, to extend the useful life of antimicrobials, to develop new drugs, and to apply other measures to prevent and control resistance such as improved vaccines and better methods to diagnose and control infections. In spite of the urgency of the problem, meeting these objectives has not been easy, and the achievements so far have fallen short. Given this situation, in 1999 several agencies of the Government of the United States of America formed a special task force to prepare a public health action plan on antimicrobial resistance. The plan is intended to reflect a broad consensus within the United States Government concerning how to address the resistance problem, with cooperation from the private sector and the broader society. This document is the first of two parts of that action plan, and it is devoted to the resistance problem in the United States. The document describes the plan's objectives and action steps in four primary areas: surveillance, prevention and control, research, and product development.

  16. Implementation of hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) system in a food service unit serving immuno-suppressed patient diets / E.E. Vermeulen

    OpenAIRE

    Vermeulen, Emma Emmerenza

    2006-01-01

    Main aim: To supply recommendations to implement a Hazard Analysis of Critical Control Points (HACCP) system in a hospital food service unit serving low bacterial diets in order to prevent or decrease the infection rates in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) patients. Objectives: Firstly, to investigate the current food safety and hygiene status in a hospital food service unit, serving low bacterial diets, by means of a questionnaire and bacterial swabs taken from the...

  17. SYSTEM CONTROL OF SMOKING PROCESS AND MEASURING BENZO[A]PYRENE IN TRADITIONAL PRODUCTION OF BOSNIAN DRY CURED HAM (BOSANSKI PRŠUT BY IMPLEMENTING HACCP SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almir Toroman

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available As it is well known, traditional production of smoked meat products requires technological processes, which carry some food safety hazards (e.g. content of Benzo[a]pyrene. (B[a]P. “OMEGA COMERC Ltd.”, a member of the meat industry in Visoko region, has implemented food safety management system according to the recommendations from Codex Alimentarius CAC-RCP (9, recommended International Code of Practice - General Principles of Food Hygiene. By implementing HACCP system, the Company established adequate control measures in producing Bosnian dry cured ham (bosanski pršut on traditional way including the smoking process in the chambers. By doing this, they have created conditions to measure B[a]P content in the Bosnian dry cured ham and implement HACCP system without impairing traditional production and food safety of the final product.The aim of this study is to present the effect of the specific production process onto the meat smoking in order to preserve hygienic, nutritional and sensory values, and also to control B[a]P content in the final product.Key words: Bosnian dry cured ham, traditional production, smoking process, Benzo[a]pyrene, HACCP

  18. Diseño de un plan para el mejoramiento de la productividad caso Empresa Nathaly Tejidos

    OpenAIRE

    Cedeño Zambrano, Alejandra Yadira; Sosa Paredes, Mercedes de Jesús

    2015-01-01

    In the textile market is important to consider strategic tools that are related to the efficiency of processes and basically lies in the methodology that provides lean manufacturing. Given this background, the purpose of this case study is to suggest the factory Nathaly Tejidos, designing a plan for improving productivity, based on the methodology of lean manufacturing in order to contribute to continuous improvement in its processes productive, achieving higher levels of quality, reducing...

  19. Plan estratégico de comunicación interna para la empresa Cartering Service del grupo Hanaska

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto Ayala, Paula María; Montenegro Galárraga, Pablo Mauricio

    2012-01-01

    The thesis presents an Strategic Internal Communications Plan for Catering Service, a company that belongs to Grupo Hanaska, emerged in 1972 and currently working with six business lines. Catering Service is the largest company of the consortium and, without a doubt, the most important because it represents 80% of the efforts that Grupo Hanaska invests. On the other hand, it employs the largest number of collaborators; over 1.500 employees are part of this company. Even though the administrat...

  20. Plan de negocios para evaluar la factibilidad de adquisición de una franquicia de la empresa Heliatek

    OpenAIRE

    Moya Endara, Pamela Yadira

    2017-01-01

    This business plan evaluates the feasibility of acquiring a franchise from Heliatek Company, to establish it in the Ecuadorian market, in Quito city, with the purpose of distributing and selling organic solar films, which provide an alternative of renewable energy, based on reflections on sustainability and looking for an economic model of sustainable development. With the objective of evaluating the feasibility of the project, the research is centered on four axes: general strategy and marke...

  1. Plan de Negocios para una Organización de Servicios de Capacitación en Actualización Tecnológica Automotriz

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Palomeque, Pablo Andrés

    2011-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es diseñar un modelo de plan de negocios para ésta organización que presta servicios de capacitación en actualización tecnológica automotriz. La empresa proporciona cursos de capacitación en Actualización Tecnológica Automotriz, tales como inyección electrónica de combustible, frenos ABS, AIR-BAG, electrónica básica y electrónica aplicada al automotor. Además brinda asesoramiento permanente y equipamiento electrónico especializado al personal de técnicos dedicados ...

  2. Estudio de situación y Plan de Mercadeo para la introducción de la Pastilla Anticonceptiva de Emergencia (PAE), en Costa Rica

    OpenAIRE

    Carvajal Rojas, Lucrecia

    2004-01-01

    Universidad de Costa Rica. Posgrado en Administración y Dirección de Empresas. Maestría Profesional en Administración y Dirección de Empresas con énfasis en Mercadeo y Ventas El objetivo general del trabajo es investigar la situación actual y los distintos públicos de la PAE en Costa Rica, para desarrollar un plan de mercadotecnia, que le garantice a la Asociación Demográfica Costarricense el éxito en la introducción, educación y divulgación de este método anticonceptivo de emerge...

  3. Plan estratégico de marketing para incrementar el posicionamiento dentro de los clientes de la empresa Filicréditos

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida Coba, Christian David

    2014-01-01

    La elaboración de la investigación tiene como fin diseñar un plan estratégico de marketing para incrementar el posicionamiento de la empresa Filicréditos en el mercado en el cual se desenvuelve, fue constituida en 1976 y se encuentra ubicada en la ciudad de Quito, específicamente en la intersección de las calles Bolívar y García Moreno en el Centro Histórico del Distrito Metropolitano. El negocio de Filicréditos gira en torno a la comercialización de productos de las diferentes líneas de Elec...

  4. Evaluación del plan de seguridad informática diseñado para el Tecnológico de la Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí

    OpenAIRE

    del Pino Anchundia, Cesar Arturo

    2017-01-01

    Las medidas de seguridad informática diseñadas para usarse en las plataformas de comunicación de datos en la Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de “Manabí” representan una de sus mayores vulnerabilidades ya que han sido insuficientes para poder mantener el sitio completamente seguro de ataques de negación de servicios y de acceso a los servidores de datos. Es por esta razón que se propone un plan de seguridad informática para mitigar las vulnerabilidades de la plataforma tecnológica mediante un es...

  5. Elaboración de un plan de empresa para la puesta en marcha y posterior desarrollo de una empresa de radiodifusión en la comarca de L'Horta

    OpenAIRE

    GALLENT PÉREZ, JOSÉ MANUEL

    2013-01-01

    [ES] Elaborar un plan de empresa para presentarlo a inversores y socios para la puesta en marcha y posterior desarrollo de una empresa de medios a través de radio, ofreciendo el servicio de radio fórmula (música comercial) para las localidades de la comarca de L'Horta. Queremos ofrecer un servicio de entretenimiento a través de radio, orientándonos a un tipo de oyente con un perfil de edad joven y a los que les guste la música comercial que más suene en cada momento, principalmente del tip...

  6. Un ejemplo de plan temático para investigaciones operacionales aplicadas a la Atención Primaria de Salud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Félix Rodríguez Jústiz

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Se expone el Plan Temático que el Instituto de Medicina Tropical "Pedro Kourí" se propone para los próximos años y los grandes retos a enfrentar, así como la experiencia que ya acumulan sus profesionales como aval de éxito para estas intervenciones. El trabajo fundamenta la necesidad muy importante de continuar el perfeccionamiento de nuestro sistema de atención primaria de salud (APS. Se reconoce a nuestra APS como un modelo único en el mundo, y al mismo tiempo novedoso y complejo. Se plantea que la aplicación del enfoque epidemiológico a la APS puede ayudar mucho a mejorar la ejecución de los actores sociales que en ella intervienen, y por ende, mejorar el rendimiento del modelo en beneficio de la salud de la comunidad.The Thematic Plan proposed by "Pedro Kouri" Institute of Tropical Medicine for the next years, as well as the great challenges to be faced are explained in this paper. Emphasis is made on the experience accumulated by its professionals as a guarantee for the success of these interventions. The paper establishes that it is very necessary to continue improving our primary health care (PHC system, which is recognized as a novel, complex and unique model in the world. It is stated that the application of the epidemiological approach to PHC may help to enhance the performance of the social actors that take part in it, and to make better the efficiency of the model for the benefit of community health.

  7. Plan de marketing para la agrupación musical de Rock Fusión: “La Motta”

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Plan de marketing que se construye a partir de la vista estratégica, barriendo puntos cruciales como la investigación del mercado, la determinación del mercado potencial, su medición y su segmentación. A partir de los datos estadísticos y determinación cualitativa del mercado potencial se prosigue a desarrollar un estudio del entorno en el que se pretende desarrollar el proyecto; en este aspecto elementos como la competencia principal son analizados en sus debilidades y fortalezas, en su tray...

  8. FUNCIONALIDADES DE SISTEMAS DE PLANIFICACIÓN DE RECURSOS EMPRESARIALES PARA CADENAS DE SUMINISTRO / FUNCTIONALITIES OF ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLY CHAIN INTEGRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dania Pérez-Armayor

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad los sistemas de planificación de recursos empresariales, además de facilitar las relaciones y la eficiencia intra-empresarial, incluyen elementos para viabilizar la colaboración entre empresas, como respuesta a la necesidad de las organizaciones de agruparse en cadenas de suministro. En consecuencia, el Ministerio de la Informática y las Comunicaciones, junto a otras organizaciones cubanas, están proyectando el desarrollo de un sistema de planificación de recursos empresariales desarrollado en el país (Sistema Cedrux, incluyendo funcionalidades que soporten la integración de cadenas de suministro. Este trabajo se centra en el análisis de funcionalidades que debe poseer el Sistema Cedrux para facilitar una gestión de la cadena de suministro exitosa. Para complementar este análisis fueron realizadas búsquedas bibliográficas y entrevistas a personal participante en el desarrollo de Cedrux. Como resultado se propone la configuración de los módulos acorde al rol de la empresa en la cadena, incluyendo módulos de gestión de cadenas de suministroAbstractNowadays, enterprise resource planning systems (ERP systems, in addition to help improving the relations and the intra-enterprise efficiency, include elements that facilitate inter-enterprise cooperation in response to the need for organizations to come together in supply chains. As a consequence, the Ministry of Informatics and Communications, along with other Cuban organizations, are planning the development of an ERP system developed in Cuba (named Cedrux system, which includes functionalities that support the integration of supply chains. This paper aims to analyze the functionalities that Cedrux should have in order to support a successful supply chain management. Bibliographic searches and interviews to Cedrux developers were conducted, in order to complement this analysis. As a result is suggested the inclusion of modules for supply chain management and the

  9. Plansalud: Plan sectorial concertado y descentralizado para el desarrollo de capacidades en salud, Perú 2010 - 2014 Plansalud: Decentralized and agreed sector plan for the capacity development in health, Peru 2010-2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lizardo Huamán-Angulo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Los recursos humanos son el eje del accionar del sector salud; sin embargo, no necesariamente son el aspecto mejor atendido, por ello el Ministerio de Salud del Perú (MINSA conjuntamente con los gobiernos regionales generó el Plan Sectorial Concertado y Descentralizado para el Desarrollo de Capacidades en Salud 2010-2014 (PLANSALUD con el propósito de fortalecer las capacidades de los Recursos Humanos en Salud (RHUS y contribuir para que la atención de salud se desarrolle con eficiencia, calidad, pertinencia, equidad e interculturalidad en el marco de la descentralización, el Aseguramiento Universal de la Salud (AUS y las políticas de la salud. Con ese objeto se han propuesto tres componentes (asistencia técnica, capacitación y articulación educación - salud que agrupan a un conjunto importante de intervenciones, las cuales son planteadas y definidas de acuerdo al contexto nacional, regional y local, contribuyendo de ese modo a la mejora de las capacidades de gobierno, de gestión por competencias y la prestación de servicios de salud. El presente artículo muestra una primera aproximación de PLANSALUD, incluyendo aspectos relacionados a su planificación, gestión, financiamiento, estructura y funcionamiento, así como las medidas de monitoreo y evaluación.Human resources are the backbone of health sector actions; however, they are not necessarily the area with the greatest attention, therefore, the Ministry of Health of Peru (MINSA together with regional governments, led the Decentralized and Agreed Sector Plan for the Capacity Development in Health 2010-2014 (PLANSALUD with the aim of strengthening the capacities of Human Resources for Health (HRH and contribute to health care efficient development, quality, relevance, equity and multiculturalism, in the context of descentralization, the Universal Health Insurance (AUS and health policies. To achieve this goal, they have proposed three components (technical assistance, joint

  10. Integrated energy resources planning for Sao Paulo state region; Proposicao para o interior paulista do planejamento integrado de recursos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Udaeta, Miguel Edgar Morales; Ino, William Takanori; Grimoni, Jose Aquiles Baeso; Galvao, Luiz Claudio Ribeiro [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia de Energia e Automacao Eletricas. Grupo de Energia], e-mail: udaeta@pea.usp.br

    2004-07-01

    The present work has in view the elaboration of projections based on IRP (Integrated Energy Resources Planning) in order to propose an alternative of sustainable development to one region of the State of Sao Paulo. Using the data of the region, gathered in the past years by several researches of the GEPEA-USP, scenarios of the development and consume of energy have been created. In these scenarios, two possibilities to supply the demand of the region were considered: energy of clean sources and/or renewable as well as energy of sources that have lower costs. In order to simulate the behavior of several factors of the offer and demand, the LEAP (Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning) has been used. Both scenarios have vantages and disadvantages, but the clean sources scenario certainly could supply the needs of the region for the next twenty years. Uncertainties in longer periods make the forecasts no much reliable, because changes in both, demand and offer, could invalidate the study. The best is an accompaniment of the sector's behavior in order to make shorter projections, ten years for example, to set the generator estate and policies of consumption. Long forecasts are good to show the limits of the system and the reserve to preview emergency situations as occurred in 2001 with shortness of water supply and consequently broke of energy catering. (author)

  11. Integrated energy resources planning for Sao Paulo state region; Proposicao para o interior paulista do planejamento integrado de recursos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Udaeta, Miguel Edgar Morales; Ino, William Takanori; Grimoni, Jose Aquiles Baeso; Galvao, Luiz Claudio Ribeiro [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia de Energia e Automacao Eletricas. Grupo de Energia], e-mail: udaeta@pea.usp.br

    2004-07-01

    The present work has in view the elaboration of projections based on IRP (Integrated Energy Resources Planning) in order to propose an alternative of sustainable development to one region of the State of Sao Paulo. Using the data of the region, gathered in the past years by several researches of the GEPEA-USP, scenarios of the development and consume of energy have been created. In these scenarios, two possibilities to supply the demand of the region were considered: energy of clean sources and/or renewable as well as energy of sources that have lower costs. In order to simulate the behavior of several factors of the offer and demand, the LEAP (Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning) has been used. Both scenarios have vantages and disadvantages, but the clean sources scenario certainly could supply the needs of the region for the next twenty years. Uncertainties in longer periods make the forecasts no much reliable, because changes in both, demand and offer, could invalidate the study. The best is an accompaniment of the sector's behavior in order to make shorter projections, ten years for example, to set the generator estate and policies of consumption. Long forecasts are good to show the limits of the system and the reserve to preview emergency situations as occurred in 2001 with shortness of water supply and consequently broke of energy catering. (author)

  12. Implementación de un plan de gestión para la Seguridad Industrial y Salud Ocupacional de la Empresa de Cocinas y Hornos FACOPA de la ciudad de Cuenca

    OpenAIRE

    Escobar Torres, Jhon Javier

    2016-01-01

    El proyecto de titulación consiste en implementar y organizar un plan de seguridad industrial y salud ocupacional en la empresa "FACOPA", haciendo un previo diagnóstico del estado de protección física que poseen los empleados, teniendo como finalidad disminuir los accidentes laborales y paras productivas, de acuerdo a las normativas ecuatorianas y extranjeras. The titling project consists of implementing and organizing an industrial safety and occupational health plan for the company "FACO...

  13. Plan de marketing estratégico para promocionar y comercializar la pitahaya producida por la compañía "San Vicente S.A." en la ciudad de Guayaquil.

    OpenAIRE

    Apráez Orellana, Dennise Alexandra; Proaño Martínez, Ivet Gabriela

    2015-01-01

    La presente investigación pretende crear un plan de marketing estratégico para promocionar y comercializar la Pitahaya en los supermercados y así mismo comprobar que este proyecto es factible basado en los resultados de rentabilidad del mismo. The current investigation pretends to create a strategic marketing plan to promote and commercialize the Pitahaya in the supermarkets and also prove that this project is viable based in the results of profitability.

  14. Implicações do plano de desenvolvimento da educação para a formação de professores Implicaciones del plan de desarrollo de la educación para la formación de profesores Implications of the development plan of education for teacher training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisele Masson

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa as principais implicações do Plano de Desenvolvimento da Educação (PDE para a formação de professores. A pesquisa utilizou fontes bibliográficas e documentais e foi fundamentada na concepção materialista histórica e dialética. A proposta para a formação de professores presente no PDE é neopragmatista, pois reforça a importância da busca de instrumentos úteis para as demandas imediatas da prática profissional e não contribui para o desenvolvimento de uma sólida e ampla formação. A prioridade dada à formação de professores como solução para os resultados negativos obtidos pelo Índice de Desenvolvimento da Educação Básica (Ideb, em vez de um investimento financeiro adequado, revela a prioridade dada às condições subjetivas na resolução dos problemas educacionais.Este trabajo analiza las principales implicaciones del Plan de Desarrollo de la Educación (PDE, Brasil, para la formación continuada de profesores. La investigación utilizó fuentes bibliográficas y documentales y se basó en la concepción materialista histórica y dialéctica. La propuesta para la formación de profesores presente en el PDE es neopragmatista, pues corrobora la importancia de la búsqueda de instrumentos provechosos para las demandas inmediatas de la práctica profesional y no contribuye para el desarrollo de una sólida y amplia formación. La prioridad dada a la formación de profesores como solución de los resultados negativos del Índice de Desarrollo de la Educación Básica (Ideb en vez de un inversión financiera adecuada pone de manifiesto la prioridad dada a las condiciones subjetivas en la solución de los problemas educacionales.This paper analyzes the main implications of the Development Plan of Education (DPE for teacher training. The research used bibliographic and documentary sources and was based on historical and dialectical materialism concepts. The teacher training education proposal presented by

  15. Plan de marketing para la línea de baterías Platinum de la empresa ETNA

    OpenAIRE

    Galarza Garrido Lecca, Noé Martin; Cáceres Cubas, Carlos Alberto; Lau Valenzuela, Efraín Rolando

    2016-01-01

    El presente plan de marketing tiene como finalidad determinar las razones por las que las ventas de la línea Platinum de baterías ETNA viene siendo negativa. En la actualidad, esta línea representa solo el 1% de la facturación total (Línea profesional, Alto Desempeño y Platinum), a pesar de ser la más rentable. Mediante el análisis del entorno macro y micro de la empresa, se realizó un estudio de mercado orientado a determinar las causas de la caída en ventas de esta línea; al analizar los pe...

  16. Caracterización del mercado en un plan de negocios para empresa de capacitación en e-learning - Market characterization in a business plan for an e-learning training company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Zairet Azuaje Contreras

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Hoy en día, la actualización empresarial es vital, ya que implica la adquisición y mejoramiento de competencias de acuerdo a las funciones del empleado en una organización. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo principal, caracterizar el mercado para la elaboración de un plan de negocios en la creación de una empresa de capacitación outsourcing basada en el E-Learning. En este sentido esta investigación descriptiva con diseño de campo empleó la técnica de la encuesta para determinar lo anteriormente planteado. Entre los hallazgos encontrados, se muestra la falta de incentivo en el adiestramiento de los empleados por parte de los directivos, a pesar de los recursos existentes, que muchos prefieren utilizar para aspectos operativos de la empresa. Sin embargo, hay un grupo dispuesto a recibir este tipo de capacitación, cuyas áreas de conocimiento mayormente demandadas son: área gerencial, Recursos Humanos y habilidades directivas. A manera de conclusión, una vez conocido lo anterior, se podrán plantear alternativas de solución, siendo el caso particular una empresa que ofrezca servicios de formación virtual Summary Today, business upgrading is vital as it involves the competencies acquiring and improving according to the employee’s roles in an organization. This article´s main objective is to characterize the market for the elaboration of a business plan in the creation of a training outsourcing enterprise based on the E-Learning. In this sense this descriptive research with field design used the technique of survey to determine what was previously proposed. Among the findings, there is a lack of incentive in the employees training given by managers, despite the existing resources, which many prefer to use for operational aspects of the company. However, there is a group willing to receive this kind of training, whose mainly demanded knowledge areas are: managerial area, Human Resources and managerial skills. In conclusion

  17. Hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP) in public catering services: a modified method, combined to bacteriologic assay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrari, P

    1992-01-01

    During 1990 and 1991 the Veterinary and Public Health Services of USL 35 of Ravenna carried out a research programme aimed at the control of food-borne diseases in the sector of public catering services, in collaboration with the Public Health Laboratory (Presidio Multizonale di Prevenzione). The objectives were: obtaining sure information about health hazards in public catering services; checking structural characteristics and equipment of workrooms in restaurants, hotels and refectories; verifying food preparation and preservation methods; promoting health education to increase employees' awareness of hygiene-related problems. The first objective, evaluation of the level of the control of the workrooms exerted on the food contamination hazard by pathogenic or potentially pathogenic organisms, was carried out by allotting specific scores to several characteristics of laboratories or workers' habits, as suggested by the "Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point" (HACCP) method for butcher's shops and fish markets. Five hundred ninety-eight public catering service units have been inspected in restaurants, hotels, school-refectories, factories, hospitals and social houses; 2,097 bacteriological examinations by agar-contact plates and swabs were carried out; 118 preserved-food temperatures were measured, especially in deep-frozen and cooked food; 70 food specimens were tested to search for Salmonella spp. and Staphylococcus aureus and measure Total Aerobic Mesophilic Weight. The presence of Enterobacteriaceae and Escherichia coli was also tested.

  18. Energetic policy, planning and regulation for isolated systems; Politica energetica, planejamento e regulacao para os sistemas isolados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frota, Willamy Moreira [Manaus Energia, AM (Brazil); Companhia Energetica do Amazonas (CEAM), Manaus, AM (Brazil); Bajay, Sergio Valdir [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Estudos de Planejamento Energetico

    2004-07-01

    The service to the energy needs of the isolated places and, in matter, of the located ones in the North Area is confronted with a critical situation, that it opposes a structure of electric power supply with costs very superiors to the found in the interlinked systems to consumers' communities with patterns of income in general very inferior in relation to the national average, in many cases returned to extractive activities of small climbs and the a subsistence agriculture, living at places that are, usually, of difficult access. Therefore, the intrinsic characteristics of the isolated systems are the predominance of low load densities and the population dispersion. The regional savings assisted by the isolated systems cross, frequently, situations of deep economical stagnation, associated strongly to the lack of aggregation of value to the regional products. This lowers economical acting, ally to the characteristics of geographical isolation, as well as the lack of adoption of a specific and maintainable energy planning, integrated into programs of regional development are, without a doubt, the largest barriers that commit the viability of a good energy service the these areas (author)

  19. Formulación de un plan de desarrollo agropecuario y forestal para una comunidad ejidal del municipio de San Fernando, Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leopoldo Medina Sansón

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El perfil socioeconómico de Chiapas es primordialmente rural, debiendo reconocerse la diversidad de sus actividades agropecuarias y forestales para generar condiciones específicas de desarrollo. Considerando lo anterior, se realizó esta investigación entre mayo de 1998 y diciembre de 1999, como un estudio de caso sobre los aspectos agropecuarios y forestales más relevantes en el ejido Villa Allende, que expresa problemas ejidales característicos de la región. El ejido cuenta con 3.300 hectáreas, 554 ejidatarios y se ubica en el municipio de San Fernando en la Región Central de Chiapas. Se estudiaron las circunstancias de los ejidatarios, conocimiento local y procesos de trabajo agrícola desde una perspectiva de planeación. A partir de ello se generó el plan de desarrollo, el cual es el primero expuesto en el municipio de San Fernando que se dirige al sector ejidal. Su propósito es plasmar una propuesta general en materia agropecuaria y forestal que pueda ser base para la concertación y que permita vislumbrar opciones dirigidas a mejorar la calidad de vida de los habitantes del ejido Villa Allende. Se postulan las siguientes políticas de desarrollo: 1. Fortalecimiento de la producción y la autosuficiencia alimentaria. 2. Impulso al crecimiento económico. 3. Dotación de infraestructura básica. 4. Reordenamiento agropecuario y forestal con criterios sociales, ecológicos y económicos. 5. Promoción de la salud. Con base en las políticas, se enuncian objetivos programas y subprogramas o proyectos.Chiapas' State has an economical profile essentially rural so, it must be recognized the diversity of its agriculture, livestock and forestry to generate specific conditions of development. Considering the previous questions, this research was carried out between May of 1998 and December of 1999, as a case study about the most important aspects that are related to agriculture, livestock and forestry at the Villa Allende ejido, which

  20. Exposition and evaluation of scenarios for the planning of the national power sector; Planteamiento y evaluacion de escenarios para la planeacion del sector energetico nacional

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutierrez R, Ranulfo; Flores L, Marco P; Gonzalez Santalo, Jose M; Sanchez H, Laura E; Castrejon B, David; Porras L, Gladys L; Lopez A, Esmeralda; Lima R, Deytia [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)

    2006-07-01

    In this article the Model of Optimization of Provision and Distribution of Electricity and Fuels is described, which is the analysis tool used by the responsible national organisms to cover the national demand of fuels and electricity for the accomplishment of studies that provide support elements in the exposition of policies covering the national demands, simultaneously diminishing the cost and reducing the environmental impact. This tool determines the combination of technologies and fuels that imply the smaller cost for the country at the time of covering the energy demands. This document extends on the analytical resources and planning that serve as a base to the Model and on its complements, such as risk estimations facing each investment alternative. All this with the purpose of providing more reliable information to the decision maker group in the matter of energy policies. [Spanish] En este articulo se describe el Modelo de Optimizacion de Suministro y Distribucion de Electricidad y Combustibles, que es la herramienta de analisis empleada por los organismos nacionales responsables de cubrir la demanda nacional de combustibles y electricidad para la realizacion de estudios que proporcionen elementos de apoyo en el planteamiento de politicas que cubran las demandas nacionales, al mismo tiempo que minimicen el costo y reduzcan el impacto ambiental. Esta herramienta determina la combinacion de tecnologias y combustibles que impliquen el menor costo para el pais al momento de cubrir las demandas de energeticos. Este documento amplia sobre los recursos analiticos y planeaciones que sirven de base al modelo y sobre sus complementos, como estimaciones de riesgo frente a cada alternativa de inversion. Todo esto con el fin de suministrar informacion mas confiable al grupo que toma las decisiones en materia de politicas energeticas.

  1. Plan Nacional de Gestión de Riesgo de Costa Rica en el marco de la Agenda Global de Cambio para reducir los riesgos a desastres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markus, Patrick C.G.F

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se analiza el Plan Nacional de Gestión del Riesgo 2016-2020 de Costa Rica. En primera instancia se revisaron los objetivos, principales enfoques y algunas interrelaciones de los marcos internacionales que conforman la Agenda Global respecto al cambio climático (el Acuerdo de París, el desarrollo sostenible (la Agenda 2030 y la reducción del riesgo de desastres (el Marco Sendai. Se ubicará al lector en el contexto costarricense referente a esta Agenda Global Transformativa y la Política Nacional de Gestión del Riesgo 2016-2030. También, examina brevemente las relaciones entre esta Agenda y las prácticas de Gestión del Riesgo y los conceptos del riesgo de desastres en que se basa. Además, tiene como objetivo contestar las preguntas: ¿Cuál es el carácter de la transformación que la Agenda intenta inducir?, ¿Cuáles procesos requieren ser transformados? y ¿Quiénes tendrán que realizar estas transformaciones? Se concluye que la visión expresada en la agenda se ve bien reflejada en la Política Nacional de Gestión del Riesgo y en su primer plan quinquenio. A la vez se ofrecen recomendaciones con base en un análisis del cambio organizacional que se requiere para su implementación This paper analyzes the Costa Rican National Risk Management Plan for 2016-2020. It starts with a review of the objectives, main approaches and relationships between the international framework agreements that form the Global Agenda with respect to climate change (the Paris Agreement, sustainable development (the 2030 Agenda and disaster risk reduction (the Sendai Framework. The reader is oriented on the Costa Rican context regarding this Global Transformative Agenda and the National Policy for Disaster Risk Management 2016-2030. The paper briefly analyzes the relations between this Agenda and risk management practices and conceptions of disaster risks on which it is based, and aims to answer the questions what is the character

  2. Hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP program implementation possibility during the preparation of lettuce salad served at State University of Londrina university restaurant/ Possibilidade de implementação de um programa de análise de perigo e pontos críticos de controle (APPCC na preparação de salada de alface no restaurante universitário da Universidade Estadual de Londrina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massami Shimokomaki

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available The possibility of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points – HACCP- system implementation was evaluated at University Restaurant (UR of State University of Londrina (UEL. A study was designed to assure the safety of vegetables served as raw salad. Lettuce salad was taken as example. After checking the Good Manufacturing Practice it was verified further that UR presented the necessary conditions to allow the HACCP system implementation for this product. The chemical, physical and biological hazards were checked throughout lettuce salad preparation and the critical control points were identified at raw material (CCP chemical, washing (physical CCP and disinfecting step (biological CCP. Preventive and monitoring measures were also established in order to assure a safe lettuce salad provided by the UEL-UR.Foi desenvolvida uma avaliação sobre a possibilidade de implementar um programa de um sistema de Análise de Perigo e Pontos Críticos de Controle – APPCC, visando assegurar a inocuidade de hortaliças servidas como salada crua no Restaurante Universitário (RU da Universidade Estadual de Londrina, tomando-se como exemplo, a salada de alface. Avaliados os procedimentos das Boas Práticas de Fabricação, foi verificado que o RU apresentou boa parte dos requisitos necessários para que seja implantado o sistema APPCC. Foram listados os perigos químicos, físicos e biológicos para cada etapa da produção de salada de alface. Como pontos críticos de controle foram identificadas as etapas de recebimento (PCC químico, lavagem (PCC físico e desinfecção (PCC biológico e estabelecidas as medidas preventivas e de monitoramento.

  3. HYGIENE PRACTICES IN URBAN RESTAURANTS AND CHALLENGES TO IMPLEMENTING FOOD SAFETY AND HAZARD ANALYSIS CRITICAL CONTROL POINTS (HACCP) PROGRAMMES IN THIKA TOWN, KENYA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muinde, R K; Kiinyukia, C; Rombo, G O; Muoki, M A

    2012-12-01

    To determine the microbial load in food, examination of safety measures and possibility of implementing an Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) system. The target population for this study consisted of restaurants owners in Thika. Municipality (n = 30). Simple randomsamples of restaurantswere selected on a systematic sampling method of microbial analysis in cooked, non-cooked, raw food and water sanitation in the selected restaurants. Two hundred and ninety eight restaurants within Thika Municipality were selected. Of these, 30 were sampled for microbiological testing. From the study, 221 (74%) of the restaurants were ready to eat establishments where food was prepared early enough to hold and only 77(26%) of the total restaurants, customers made an order of food they wanted. 118(63%) of the restaurant operators/staff had knowledge on quality control on food safety measures, 24 (8%) of the restaurants applied these knowledge while 256 (86%) of the restaurants staff showed that food contains ingredients that were hazard if poorly handled. 238 (80%) of the resultants used weighing and sorting of food materials, 45 (15%) used preservation methods and the rest used dry foods as critical control points on food safety measures. The study showed that there was need for implementation of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) system to enhance food safety. Knowledge of HACCP was very low with 89 (30%) of the restaurants applying some of quality measures to the food production process systems. There was contamination with Coliforms, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus microbial though at very low level. The means of Coliforms, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureas microbial in sampled food were 9.7 x 103CFU/gm, 8.2 x 103 CFU/gm and 5.4 x 103 CFU/gm respectively with Coliforms taking the highest mean.

  4. Zeytinyağı Üretiminde HACCP Uygulamasının Önemi ve Kazandıracakları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülgün Yıldız Tiryaki

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Uluslararası ticaretin gelişmesi, tüketicinin bilinçlenmesi, gıda ürünleri satın almada çeşitlilik ve farklılık taleplerinin yani sıra saflık ve çevre kaygısının artması, üreticilerin ve karar alıcıların konuya daha hassas ve bilinçli yaklaşmalarını sağlamıştır. Bu bağlamda, küreselleşen dünyada, HACCP uluslararası platformda kabul görmüş, bilimsel temele dayalı önleyici bir sistem olarak gıda güvenirliliğinde yerini almıştır. Bu itibarla, uluslararası mevzuatlara uyum sağlamak ve Türkiye'nin pazar payının arttırılması yönünden HACCP sistemi, işletmeler açısından giderek önem kazanmıştır. Bu çalışma ile, ülke ekonomisi açısından büyük önemi olan zeytinyağı üretiminde HACCP uygulamasının önemi ve kazandırdıkları ele alınacaktır.

  5. Computational modeling for irrigated agriculture planning. Part II: risk analysis Modelagem computacional para planejamento em agricultura irrigada: Parte II - Análise de risco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João C. F. Borges Júnior

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Techniques of evaluation of risks coming from inherent uncertainties to the agricultural activity should accompany planning studies. The risk analysis should be carried out by risk simulation using techniques as the Monte Carlo method. This study was carried out to develop a computer program so-called P-RISCO for the application of risky simulations on linear programming models, to apply to a case study, as well to test the results comparatively to the @RISK program. In the risk analysis it was observed that the average of the output variable total net present value, U, was considerably lower than the maximum U value obtained from the linear programming model. It was also verified that the enterprise will be front to expressive risk of shortage of water in the month of April, what doesn't happen for the cropping pattern obtained by the minimization of the irrigation requirement in the months of April in the four years. The scenario analysis indicated that the sale price of the passion fruit crop exercises expressive influence on the financial performance of the enterprise. In the comparative analysis it was verified the equivalence of P-RISCO and @RISK programs in the execution of the risk simulation for the considered scenario.Técnicas de avaliação de riscos procedentes de incertezas inerentes à atividade agrícola devem acompanhar os estudos de planejamento. A análise de risco pode ser desempenhada por meio de simulação, utilizando técnicas como o método de Monte Carlo. Neste trabalho, teve-se o objetivo de desenvolver um programa computacional, denominado P-RISCO, para utilização de simulações de risco em modelos de programação linear, aplicar a um estudo de caso e testar os resultados comparativamente ao programa @RISK. Na análise de risco, observou-se que a média da variável de saída, valor presente líquido total (U, foi consideravelmente inferior ao valor máximo de U obtido no modelo de programação linear. Constatou

  6. The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) generic model for the production of Thai fermented pork sausage (Nham).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paukatong, K V; Kunawasen, S

    2001-01-01

    Nham is a traditional Thai fermented pork sausage. The major ingredients of Nham are ground pork meat and shredded pork rind. Nham has been reported to be contaminated with Salmonella spp., Staphylococcus aureus, and Listeria monocytogenes. Therefore, it is a potential cause of foodborne diseases for consumers. A Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) generic model has been developed for the Nham process. Nham processing plants were observed and a generic flow diagram of Nham processes was constructed. Hazard analysis was then conducted. Other than microbial hazards, the pathogens previously found in Nham, sodium nitrite and metal were identified as chemical and physical hazards in this product, respectively. Four steps in the Nham process have been identified as critical control points. These steps are the weighing of the nitrite compound, stuffing, fermentation, and labeling. The chemical hazard of nitrite must be controlled during the weighing step. The critical limit of nitrite levels in the Nham mixture has been set at 100-200 ppm. This level is high enough to control Clostridium botulinum but does not cause chemical hazards to the consumer. The physical hazard from metal clips could be prevented by visual inspection of every Nham product during stuffing. The microbiological hazard in Nham could be reduced in the fermentation process. The critical limit of the pH of Nham was set at lower than 4.6. Since this product is not cooked during processing, finally, educating the consumer, by providing information on the label such as "safe if cooked before consumption", could be an alternative way to prevent the microbiological hazards of this product.

  7. Plan estratégico de marketing para fidelizar y captar nuevos clientes de la compañía Globalatlasport Cía. Ltda. "Shoes Alvarito" en la ciudad de Guayaquil.

    OpenAIRE

    Sernaqué Sánchez, María Leonor; López Sigüenza, Diana Teresa

    2015-01-01

    Como parte inicial del proyecto, se ha considerado realizar un estudio de mercado de calzados sobre el mecanismo de la venta directa, posteriormente, se efectuó un análisis situacional a nivel de la ciudad de Guayaquil, a fin de conocer los gustos y preferencia de los nuevos clientes para mejorar e incrementar las ventas de la empresa. Con el plan de marketing se determinaron las necesidades del mercado demandante para poder establecer si hubo mejoras con respecto a la implementación de la...

  8. Plan comunicacional para incrementar las ventas y participación de mercado de la empresa ALVESA, ubicada en la ciudad de Santo Domingo, provincia Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas.

    OpenAIRE

    Alvarado Muñoz, Héctor Patricio

    2017-01-01

    Se elaboró un Plan Comunicacional para incrementar las ventas y la participación en el mercado de los productos que distribuye la empresa ALVESA, ubicada de la ciudad de Santo Domingo, provincia Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas. Se realizó un profundo análisis sobre la situación actual de la empresa para identificar los problemas que afectan los factores antes mencionados, determinándose así que no existe un proceso comunicacional adecuado que posibilite el fortalecimiento de la...

  9. Plan estratégico de mercadeo para el fomento de la producción de plantas medicinales y aromáticas de Asoplames (Nuevo Colón, Boyacá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nope Claudia

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available

    El plan estratégico de mercadeo para el fomento de la producción de plantas medicinales y aromáticas de Asoplames, Asociación de Productores de Plantas Medicinales y Aromáticas (PMyA, con sede en el municipio de Nuevo Colón, es una herramienta que reúne las condiciones necesarias para mejorar la comercialización de los productos de la asociación en los contextos regional, nacional e internacional. La estructuración del plan se inició con la realización de un diagnóstico interno-externo de Asoplames, mediante el diseño de una matriz DOFA. La información acopiada sirvió de base para definir la misión, la visión y el plan de acción como componentes fundamentales del plan estratégico de mercadeo.

  10. Hazard analysis and critical control point to irradiated food in Brazil; Analise de perigos e pontos criticos de controle para alimentos irradiados no Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boaratti, Maria de Fatima Guerra

    2004-07-01

    Food borne diseases, in particular gastro-intestinal infections, represent a very large group of pathologies with a strong negative impact on the health of the population because of their widespread nature. Little consideration is given to such conditions due to the fact that their symptoms are often moderate and self-limiting. This has led to a general underestimation of their importance, and consequently to incorrect practices during the preparation and preservation of food, resulting in the frequent occurrence of outbreaks involving groups of varying numbers of consumers. Despite substantial efforts in the avoidance of contamination, an upward trend in the number of outbreaks of food borne illnesses caused by non-spore forming pathogenic bacteria are reported in many countries. Good hygienic practices can reduce the level of contamination but the most important pathogens cannot presently be eliminated from most farms, nor is it possible to eliminate them by primary processing, particularly from those foods which are sold raw. Several decontamination methods exist but the most versatile treatment among them is the ionizing radiation procedure. HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point) is a management system in which food safety is addressed through the analysis and control of biological, chemical, and physical hazards from raw material production, procurement and handling, to manufacturing, distribution and consumption of the finished product. For successful implementation of a HACCP plan, management must be strongly committed to the HACCP concept. A firm commitment to HACCP by top management provides company employees with a sense of the importance of producing safe food. At the same time, it has to be always emphasized that, like other intervention strategies, irradiation must be applied as part of a total sanitation program. The benefits of irradiation should never be considered as an excuse for poor quality or for poor handling and storage conditions

  11. Modelo geoespacial automatizado para la regionalización operativa en planeación de redes de servicios de salud Automated geospatial model for health services strategic planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Eugenio Hernández-Ávila

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Desarrollar un modelo automatizado de regionalización operativa para la planeación de las redes de servicios de salud propuestas en el Modelo Integrador de Atención a la Salud (MIDAS. Material y métodos. Con información disponible para México en 2005 y 2007 se realizó un modelo geoespacial para estimar el área potencial de influencia alrededor de cada unidad de atención médica, con base en el menor tiempo de viaje. Los resultados se compararon con un Estudio de Regionalización Operativa (ERO para Oaxaca llevado a cabo en 2005. Resultados. Comparado con el modelo geoespacial, el ERO asignó 48% de las localidades a centros de salud más lejanos y 23% de los centros de salud a hospitales más lejanos. Conclusiones. El modelo calculado en este estudio generó una regionalización más eficiente que el ERO de Oaxaca, minimizando el tiempo de viaje para el acceso a los servicios de salud. Este modelo ha sido adoptado por la Dirección General de Planeación y Desarrollo en Salud para la instrumentación del Plan Maestro Sectorial de Recursos para la Atención de la Salud.Objective. To develop an automated model for the operational regionalization needed in the planning of the health service networks proposed by the new Mexican health care model (Modelo Integrador de Servicios de Salud MIDAS. Material and Methods. Using available data for México during 2005 and 2007, a geospatial model was developed to estimate potential catchment areas around health facilities based on access travel time. The results were compared with an operational regionalization (ERO study manually carried out in Oaxaca with 2005 data. Results. The ERO assigned 48% of villages to health care centers further away than those assigned by the geospatial model, and 23% of these health centers referred patients to more distant hospitals. Conclusions. The model calculated by this study generated a more efficient regionalization than the ERO model, minimizing travel

  12. Plan de márketing y de comunicación y diseño y desarrollo de imagen corporativa para nueva franquicia de cafetería

    OpenAIRE

    Escoda López, Jordi

    2017-01-01

    Este proyecto de final de grado, “Plan de Márketing y de Comunicación y Diseño y Desarrollo de Imagen Corporativa para nueva Franquicia de Cafetería” trata, por una parte, de la creación de una nueva idea de negocio de cafetería y, por otra, de la generación de todos los contenidos e imágenes necesarias para la comunicación de dicho negocio. Para ello, primeramente, se determina qué tipo de negocio se quiere desarrollar a lo largo del proyecto. Se realiza un estudio de la situación actual ...

  13. Evaluation of HACCP system implementation on the quality of mixed fresh-cut salad prepared in a university canteen: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osimani, Andrea; Aquilanti, Lucia; Clementi, Francesca

    2015-01-01

    The increasing awareness that foods can represent vehicles for health risk factors has caused scientists and public authorities to multiply their efforts to reduce these risks to within acceptable limits. Nevertheless, some challenging issues still remain unsolved and new ones have recently emerged, such as the increase in outbreaks of foodborne diseases originating from the consumption of meals at catering facilities. The study described in this article was aimed at evaluating the microbiological quality of mixed fresh-cut salads at an Italian university canteen operating in conformity with the hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) system. The effectiveness of the preventive and corrective measures taken was also assessed with respect to the frequency of unsatisfactory salad samples. During the investigation, E. coli, Salmonella spp., and Listeria monocytogenes were never detected. By contrast, a high number of samples exceeded the mandatory or suggested limits for food processing hygiene (in terms of mesophilic aerobes, coliforms, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, and sulfite-reducing clostridia counts). Despite the introduction of a series of preventive and corrective actions, the results were only partially satisfactory; this was most likely due to the impossibility of having available an adequate level of human resources that are indispensable to correctly putting the HACCP procedures into daily practice.

  14. PRAPRAG: software para planejamento racional de máquinas agrícolas PRAPRAG: software for rational planning of agricultural machines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erivelto Mercante

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available O software PRAPRAG é uma ferramenta de escolha de máquinas e implementos agrícolas que apresentam o menor custo por área ou por quantidade produzida, bem como, faz o planejamento de aquisição das máquinas para a propriedade agrícola, do ponto de vista técnico e econômico. Foi utilizada a linguagem de programação Borland Delphi 3.0 e, a partir de prospectos das máquinas e implementos, criou-se um banco de dados onde o usuário pode cadastrar e modificar suas características de uso. O software mostrou-se uma ferramenta útil e uso amigável. O software proporciona maior rapidez, segurança e confiabilidade ao processo produtivo e econômico das propriedades, na seleção e aquisição de conjuntos mecanizados agrícolas, e na determinação de custos com a mão de obra utilizada.The software PRAPRAG is a tool used for choosing agricultural machines and implements that present the lowest cost per area or produced amount, as well as, to it makes the machines acquisition planning for the agricultural property, from both technical and economical points of view. It was used the programming language Borland Delphi 3.0. From the machine and implement handouts, it was created a database where the user can register and modify their characteristics of use. The software showed to be a useful and friendly tool. The software provides high speed, safety and reliability for the productive and economical process of the properties, at the selection and acquisition of agricultural systems, as well as for the determination of costs with the used labor.

  15. La abolición del plan único de cuentas para comerciantes: alternativas para la reforma de la contabilidad colombiana, de cara al reto de la globalización

    OpenAIRE

    Saba López, Stella; Universidad de Medellín; Agudelo Henao, Luis Fernando; Investigador Independiente

    2006-01-01

    La Constitución de 1991 instrumentó, en lo esencial, el marco legal para la internacionalización de la economía colombiana. La normativa contable para comerciantes fue reformada de manera fundamental en 1993, para responder a los retos de un ambiente de negocios con importantes contactos globales; sin embargo, se quedó corta a la hora de mejorar los niveles de comparabilidad de la información producida en nuestro país con la que necesitan los mercados internacionales. Este artículo explora el...

  16. Plan anual de mercadeo para el aumento de los clientes y el mejoramiento de las ventas en la comercialización de tecnologías avanzadas para purificación ambienta

    OpenAIRE

    Colmenares Pareja, Ana María

    2013-01-01

    La División Ambiente, basada en el proceso de innovación y creada con el fin de motivar el crecimiento y la diversificación de Proquimes, se dedica a la comercialización de tecnologías avanzadas para purificación ambiental, ofreciendo soluciones integrales, innovadoras y confiables para garantizar la inocuidad y obtener un entorno seguro. Como ventajas competitivas se identifican el ser pionero en el mercado industrial y contar con la representación exclusiva en Colombia para la distribución ...

  17. Plan de Auditoría informática para el Grupo El Comercio C.A. con aplicación de la metodología COBIT 4.1

    OpenAIRE

    Bastidas Fierro, Carmen Alezandra

    2014-01-01

    This paper titling called: Plan Audit Computing Group Trade CA, with application of the COBIT 4.1 methodology seeks an audit departments Drafting and Technology using COBIT El presente trabajo de titulación denominado: Plan de Auditoría Informática para Grupo El Comercio C.A., con aplicación de la metodología COBIT 4.1 tiene por objeto realizar una auditoría en los departamentos de Redacción y Tecnología usando COBIT

  18. Proyecto II: Diseño de un plan de marketing de retención y fidelización de clientes para el servicio de televisión satelital en la CNT EP

    OpenAIRE

    Mejía Salazar, Andrés Rafael

    2014-01-01

    Teniendo como base el estudio de mercado realizado en el proyecto de investigación en donde se detectó las causas principales de deserción de los clientes en el servicio de Televisión Satelital en la CNT EP; se realiza un plan de marketing de retención, fidelización y recuperación de clientes. Los puntos clave del plan de marketing se enfocan primeramente en un direccionamiento estratégico del servicio para saber cómo se va a posicionar en corto y mediano plazo el producto de DTH. Se plantea ...

  19. Plan de muestreo para la cuantificación de residuos sólidos residenciales generados en las zonas urbanas de ciudades de tamaño intermedio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael A Klinger

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Se propone un plan de muestreo para ciudades de tamaño mediano, que inicia con un muestreo bietápico piloto que conduce a una estimación del tamaño de muestra cuando se utiliza un estimador de razón. En el muestreo bietápico se utiliza el lado de manzana como unidad primaria de muestreo seguida de las viviendas como unidades secundarias. A partir de un marco muestral conformado por lados de manzana, se selecciona la muestra de lados de manzana para satisfacer un error de muestreo máximo del 5% con un nivel de confianza del 95%. Dentro del lado de manzana se seleccionan las viviendas luego de identificar aquellas que son aptas para el estudio (aquellas viviendas que se usan como lugar de habitación exclusivamente. La identificación se realiza mediante una visita de sensibilización en la cual se construye un plano a mano alzada del lado, en el cual se identifican las viviendas aptas. El propósito de este trabajo es presentar el diseño del plan de muestreo y su ejecución y proponerlo como un método utilizable para determinar cantidad de generación de residuos sólidos de origen residencial en ciudades de tamaño similar en países en vías de desarrollo.

  20. Elements for an integrated resource planning in the framework of river basins: a study for the Cuiaba River Basin; Elementos para um planejamento integrado de recursos no ambito de bacias hidrograficas: um estudo para a bacia do rio Cuiaba

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorileo, Ivo Leandro; Bajay, Sergio Valdir [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (NIPE/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Planejamento Energetico. Dept. de Energia], e-mail: ildorileo@sigmanet.com.br, e-mail: bajay@fem.unicamp.br

    2008-07-01

    A new approach in energy planning in Brazil, IRP - Integrated Resources Planning for River Basins, gathers three main determinants of development: water, electricity and piped gas. This paper argues, briefly, the need of this planning, of indicative character, integrated with the River Basin Plans, and it presents a retrospective analysis concerning water, electricity and LPG demands of the economy sectors from Cuiaba River Basin region, priority elements to aid the prospective studies and to carry out process related to the IRP. (author)

  1. Geographic variations and temporal trends of Salmonella-associated hospitalization in the U.S. elderly, 1991-2004: a time series analysis of the impact of HACCP regulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chui, Kenneth K H; Webb, Patrick; Russell, Robert M; Naumova, Elena N

    2009-12-03

    About 1.4 million Salmonella infections, a common food-borne illness, occur in the U.S. annually; the elderly (aged 65 or above) are most susceptible. In 1997, the USDA introduced the Pathogen Reduction and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points Systems (PR/HACCP) which demands regular Salmonella testing in various establishments processing meat products, such as broiler chickens. Impact evaluations of PR/HACCP on hospitalizations related to Salmonella are lacking. Hospitalization records of the U.S. elderly in 1991-2004 were obtained from the Centers of Medicare and Medicaid Services. Harmonic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the long-term trends of Salmonella-related hospitalizations in pre- and post-HACCP periods. Seasonal characteristics of the outcome in the nine Census divisions of the contiguous U.S. were also derived and contrasted. Predicted rates decreased in most divisions after 1997, except South Atlantic, East South Central, and West South Central. These three divisions also demonstrated higher overall hospitalization rates, pronounced seasonal patterns, and consistent times to peak at about 32nd to 34th week of the year. The impact of HACCP was geographically different. South Atlantic, East South Central, and West South Central divisions should be targeted in further Salmonella preventive programs. Further research is needed to identify the best program type and timing of implementation.

  2. Las unidades de planificación y gestión territorial como directriz para la zonificación urbana (planning units and land management as guidelines for urban zoning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Villegas Rodríguez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El presente artículo, derivado de investigación, presenta el marco conceptual y metodológico resultados del estudio de las Unidades de Planificación Territorial y de Gestión como Instrumento Operativo para la toma de Decisiones Urbano Rural, los POTs y PDM, instrumentos de planteamiento en el corto, mediano y largo plazo, en este orden la zonificación del territorio se convierte en la alternativa para plantear y fortalecer las Unidades de Gestión y Planificación Territorial donde se debe fortalecer la institucionalidad a partir de la incorporación de los actores y sectores público, privado y sociedad civil. ABSTRACT: This current article, derived from a piece of research, introduces in the theoretical and methodological frameworks, the results of a study of the Land Planning Units and of Management as an Operational Instrument for the Rural-Urban decisionmaking, the Territorial Ordering Plan –TOP– and Municipal Development Plan – MDP–, instruments of approach in the short, medium and long terms; in this order, the zoning of the territory becomes an alternative to raise and to strengthen the Management Units and the Territorial Planning, where the institutional framework must be consolidated from the incorporation of public, private actors and sectors, and the civil society.

  3. Plan estratégico para la producción de electrodomésticos de línea blanca en el Perú.

    OpenAIRE

    Cervantes Choquehuayta, Anny Stephanie; Chuquicondor Pinto, Nohelia; Gonzales Cruz, Juan Carlos; Ortiz Siu, Paul Alonso

    2016-01-01

    En el presente documento se elabora el Planeamiento Estratégico para la Producción de Electrodomésticos de Línea Blanca en el Perú. En el mismo se realiza una exhaustiva revisión y análisis de las variables que mueven a los productores para hacer más competitivos en un mercado dominado principalmente por la producción extranjera. El análisis de los factores internos y externos que permitieron desarrollar la matriz FODA han sido el punto de partida para analizar la situación act...

  4. Los informes del desarrollo humano y el plan milenio de la ONU: una evaluación para México

    OpenAIRE

    Asael Mercado Maldonado

    2006-01-01

    Este artículo documenta los informes de la ONU sobre desarrollo humano de 1990 a 2005, así como la aparición del Proyecto del Milenio un intento mundial para que la humanidad supere los enormes problemas que la globalización ha acentuado, como desigualdad, pobreza y deterioro de la ecología , que propone ocho objetivos fundamentales para disminuir las desigualdades entre los seres humanos

  5. Planning model for the expansion of the electrical generation system with risk demarcation criteria; Modelo para la planificacion de la expansion del sistema electrico de generacion con criterios de acotamiento de riesgo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez Galicia, Julio Alberto; Nieva Gomez, Rolando [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)

    2009-07-01

    The general characteristics of a planning model for the electrical generation system expansion with risk demarcation criteria, as well as the main results of a representative study case of the Mexican Electrical System is presented. The model is based on a methodology of multiannual optimization for the generation expansion plans determination. In this context, every expansion plan defines the technology type to be installed, as well as the installation year, unit size and its location within a regional electric network. For this purpose, the model considers an interregional representation of the system identifying the necessary reinforcements to the capacity of the interregional connections. It also incorporates a Demarcation of Risk module that considers the uncertainty of the future scenarios of fuels prices to generate a set of expansion plans, among which includes the following: a) For every future of the fuel prices: the plan that diminishes the present value of the total cost (investment plus production). b) The plan that diminishes the economic risk derived from the uncertainty in the future of the fuel prices. c) A subgroup of expansion plans that are located in the efficient borders of decision, under the context of three criteria of interest: the economic risk, the investment cost of and the total cost in the future considered of greater relevance. [Spanish] Se presentan las caracteristicas generales de un modelo de planificacion de la expansion del sistema electrico de generacion con criterios de acotamiento de riesgo, asi como los principales resultados de un caso de estudio representativo del Sistema Electrico Mexicano. El modelo se basa en una metodologia de optimacion multi-anual para la determinacion de planes de expansion de la generacion. En este contexto, cada plan de expansion define el tipo de tecnologia que debera instalarse, asi como el ano de instalacion, el tamano de la unidad y su localizacion dentro de una red electrica regional. Para

  6. Plan estratégico de posicionamiento para la empresa "Relojería Técnica Paredes" dedicada al mantenimiento de relojes en la ciudad de Quito

    OpenAIRE

    Paredes Sandoval, Rolando Mauricio

    2011-01-01

    In the process of developing the strategic plan positioning concepts learned will be validated during the undergraduate, in subjects such as planning and linking marketing systems financial evaluation of 7 projects and assessment of business initiatives and the results of this research will generate specific knowledge for this company. En el proceso de elaboración del plan estratégico de posicionamiento se validarán los conceptos aprendidos durante el periodo del pregrado, tanto en temas c...

  7. Plan de acciones para mejorar la calidad de vida de los usuarios que reciben los servicios de Educación Física para el adulto en el gimnasio de Cultura Física “Fidel Linares Rodríguez”. Ciudad, Pinar del Río

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rene Jesús Díaz Rodríguez

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo investigativo se aborda el proceso de un Plan de acciones para el mejoramiento de la calidad en los servicios que se desarrollan en el programa de educación física para adulto en el Gimnasio de Cultura Física “Fidel Linares Rodríguez” de la Ciudad de Pinar del Río. , la muestra fue dividida en sexos y grupos etéreos, los servicios que se desarrollan a través del Programa de Educación Física para Adultos en la organización deportiva básica y su Influencia en el accionar de la comunidad. Teniendo en cuenta métodos sociológicos estudiados realizamos una búsqueda de consenso a través de informantes claves por medio de encuestas a los clientes / usuarios que participan de los servicios que se prestan en el centro, para conocer su índice de satisfacción deseado, y el índice real que se ofertan, así como se realizó una valoración critica por parte de especialistas de la cultura física , con el propósito de valorar el plan de acciones que permita mejorar la calidad de vida de los usuarios. Dentro del método etnográfico aplicamos una guía de observación a los servicios que nos diera a conocer la realidad mediante la percepción directa del objeto de estudio. Realizamos un diagnostico a través de la Matriz DAFO al escenario de la investigación, y así realizar un plan de acciones que nos permitan mejorar la calidad de sus servicios, como aporte teórico se fundamenta un plan de acciones que permita modificar el modo de vida de los usuarios que reciben dichos servicios y como aporte práctico, la inserción de nuevos servicios para mejorar su calidad.

  8. Initial studies of integrated resources planning for the Sustainable Development Reserve Mamiraua; Estudos iniciais de planejamento integrado para a RDSM (Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentavel de Mamiraua)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gimenes, Andre Luiz Veiga; Udaeta, Miguel Edgar Morales; Burani, Geraldo Francisco; Galvao, Luiz Claudio Ribeiro [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia de Energia e Automacao Eletricas. Grupo de Energia], e-mail: udaeta@pea.usp.br

    2004-07-01

    This study evaluates the energy strategies for the Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentavel Mamiraua (RDSM) through a prior analysis of Integrated Resource Planning. Therefore, the following steps were executed: raising the possibilities for electricity generation in RDSM; general characterization of the uses of electric power in communities to a scaling of the total needs of energy; classification of the options found and determining the technologies that suit the region. The Integrated Resource Planning proposal to RDSM intends to test its validity in a real case, in a context where traditional planning has been ineffective, confirming the need for planning in remote areas and lack of infrastructure and electricity. (author)

  9. Sampling plan for the analysis of aflatoxin in peanuts and corn: an update Sistema de amostragem para análise de aflatoxinas em amendoim e milho: uma atualização

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Homero Fonseca

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to update the sampling plan for analysis of mycotoxins in grains, formerly published by the author. The proposed alterations were based on the acquired experience on its application and on FAO recommendations. This update restricts the scope of the former plan and establishes a sampling plan for analysis of aflatoxin in peanuts and corn, by means of modified formulas, the minimum number of sacks or points (when in bulk from which incremental samples should be drawn to make a bulk sample. Fractional exponents (square roots of the formulas proportionally decrease the number of sacks/points to be sampled as the lot size increases. Operating Characteristic (OC curves developed for in-shell and shelled peanuts and corn as well as trend curves of the coefficient variation for different sample sizes (weights are presented.O objetivo deste trabalho foi atualizar a metodologia de amostragem para análise de micotoxinas em grãos, anteriormente publicada pelo autor. As alterações propostas tiveram por base a experiência adquirida na sua utilização e em recomendações da FAO. Esta atualização restringe a aplicação do método anterior e estabelece um plano de amostragem para análise de aflatoxina em amendoim e em milho por meio de fórmulas modificadas, o mínimo de sacos ou pontos (quando a granel dos quais devem ser retiradas amostras incrementais para constituir uma amostra. Expoentes fracionários (raiz quadrada das fórmulas diminuem proporcionalmente o número de sacos/pontos a serem amostrados, à medida que o lote aumenta de tamanho. Curvas de operação característica (OC desenvolvidas para amendoim em casca e descascado e milho, bem como curvas de tendência dos coeficientes de variação, para diferentes tamanhos de amostra (peso, são apresentadas.

  10. Plan de marketing, comercialización, distribución y posicionamiento de la imagen de la academia microsoft ESPOL para el mercado de Guayaquil

    OpenAIRE

    Villalva Leon, Katherine; Miranda, Luis

    2009-01-01

    Este proyecto se ha realizado con el fin de poder incrementar el nivel de ventas de cursos y capacitaciones empresariales del área tecnológicas de la Academia Microsoft-ESPOL; la misma que surgió en base a los requerimientos de la Facultad de Ingeniería en Electricidad y Computación, FIEC para fortalecer los conocimientos con cursos oficiales y que se ha extendido con el dictado para particulares en general; desarrollando una imagen de calidad al comercializar los diferentes cursos distribui...

  11. Plan de comunicación y financiero de la franquicia venezolana juan chichero en el Ecuador para la ciudad de Guayaquil

    OpenAIRE

    Gomez Arreaga, Viviana Del Rocio; Hidalgo Estrada, Leticia Maru; Miranda Balladares, Patricia Katiana; Garcia Poveda, Hugo

    2009-01-01

    En nuestro país existen cantidad de empresas y negocios que han sabido llegar al éxito sin invertir en publicidad, dejando a un lado su eje principal para subsistir: el consumidor, quien en los últimos tiempos se ha convertido en la razón de estudio, tanto así, que actualmente se analiza el comportamiento de éste para comprender su principal motivación de compra. Nuestra empresa, JUAN CHICHERO, es una de las tantas que no ha invertido lo suficiente en satisfacer al consumidor y la búsqu...

  12. Diseño de un plan de mantenimiento para la fábrica Pan del Ecuador S.A.

    OpenAIRE

    Sigüencia Zambrano, Vicente Ramiro; Sigüencia Bravo, Walter Andrés

    2008-01-01

    En la actualidad el nivel de competitividad industrial exige una mejor atención en la planificación y aplicación del mantenimiento en cada empresa, con el fin de aumentar la rentabilidad y disminuir los costos de producción; para conseguir esto es necesario mantener la maquinaria confiable y disponible, y así garantizar una excelente calidad en el producto y atender las exigencias del mercado. El contar con un sistema de mantenimiento para la empresa Pan Del Ecuador S.A. permitirá resolver...

  13. Estudio de un plan de factibilidad de producción y exportación de uvilla para el mercado de Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Aguirre Ríos, Maritza Noralma

    2014-01-01

    Análisis de factibilidad de producción y exportación de uvilla, al país de Argentina; basado en un análisis financiero y de sensibilidad para determinar si es factible el proyecto. Este país es un potencial mercado para esta fruta fresca porque existe la probabilidad de consumo. Mismo que fue analizado por medio de una investigación exploratoria y cualitativa, sin embargo existe una problemática en las variaciones de los precios que no están relacionados directamente con la inflación y depend...

  14. Diseño de un plan de marketing estratégico para empresas de servicios temporales "EST" basado en el diagnóstico de medianas y grandes empresas del sector comercial (caso Pereira - Dosquebradas)

    OpenAIRE

    Aguirre Gómez, Francy Milena

    2008-01-01

    En la presente investigación se diseñó un Plan de Marketing Estratégico para empresas de Servicios Temporales “EST” basado en el diagnóstico de medianas y grandes empresas del sector comercial de Pereira y Dosquebradas, se definieron variables importantes particulares de esta actividad económica tales como: calidad, precio, cobertura, marca, servicio, post venta y nivel tecnológico, éstas fueron evaluadas dentro del diagnóstico realizado identificando su nivel de importancia, fundamenta...

  15. Un plan de gestión para la prevención y control de la contaminación del aire por BTX (Benceno, Tolueno, Xileno) en el Área Metropolitana del Valle de Aburrá

    OpenAIRE

    Rubiano Hernández, Claudia Marcela

    2013-01-01

    Resumen: El presente trabajo desarrolla un plan de gestión para la prevención y control de la contaminación del aire por BTX (Benceno, Tolueno, Xileno) en el área metropolitana del Valle de Aburrá, el cual se considera necesario de acuerdo a los valores obtenidos en las campañas de caracterización realizadas en las zonas urbanas del valle y que evidencian niveles que sobrepasan la norma en algunos puntos de muestreo poniendo en riesgo a mediano y largo plazo la salud de los habitantes de la r...

  16. Plan de negocios para la exportación de productos manufacturados del austro al mercado de migrantes ecuatorianos residentes en la ciudad de Nueva York – E.E.U.U.

    OpenAIRE

    Vintimilla Ullauri, Hernán Javier

    2013-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene como objetivo principal elaborar un plan de negocios, en el cual se desarrolla la idea principal de exportar productos manufacturados elaborados en el austro del Ecuador para destinarlos a la población de migrantes ecuatorianos que se encuentran radicados en la ciudad de Nueva York – EEUU., por lo que se busca mediante la aplicación de herramientas y técnicas adecuadas encontrar la solución al problema, por lo que este trabajo cuenta con seis capítulos: El primer capítulo s...

  17. Diseño de plan de marketing estratégico, para posicionar el servicio confirming del Banco Guayaquil en las microempresas del sector comercial al sur de la calidad de Guayaquil.

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Carpio, Carmen Beatriz

    2015-01-01

    El servicio Confirming lo brinda el Banco Guayaquil, su función principal es cancelar de forma anticipada las facturas a proveedores de sus clientes, antes de cumplirse la fecha de vencimiento. En la actualidad este tipo de servicio financiero lo ofrecen dos instituciones financieras del país y no ha sido muy explotado, está dirigido en la actualidad únicamente para las grandes empresas El plan de marketing constará de una serie de estrategias, tanto de promoción como de fidelización, las mis...

  18. Plan de mejoramiento para el área de logística a nivel local de la compañía RotamAgrochemical Colombia S.A.S.

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Susa, Martha Jannett; Morales Valero, Nadine Stella; Mosquera López, Diana Milena

    2013-01-01

    El trabajo pretende diseñar un plan de mejoramiento en el área logística que agregue valor, aumente la eficiencia y mejore los procesos de almacenamiento y distribución, gestión de inventarios y control de los productos agroquímicos de la Compañía RotamAgrochemical Colombia S.A.S., se formulan algunas recomendaciones para el mejoramiento de los procesos en las Áreas de almacenamiento, inventarios y seguridad industrial

  19. Diseño e Implementación de un plan Estratégico de Negocios para la creación de una Empresa de Productos Apícolas en el Distrito Metropolitano de Quito

    OpenAIRE

    Guerrero Gualoto, Pablo Geovanny

    2013-01-01

    113 hojas : ilustraciones, 29 x 21 cm + CD-ROM 4849 La presente investigación fue desarrollada con el objetivo de diseñar e implementar un plan estratégico de negocios a 3 años. Para la creación de una empresa de productos apícolas en el Distrito Metropolitano de Quito. La micro empresa se incorporó al Régimen Impositivo Simplificado, la producción se comercializará a medida que se coseche el producto; entre las fortalezas del proyecto se destacó la experiencia práctica en apicultura, pr...

  20. Proposta de roteiro para coleta de dados visando diagnóstico da drenagem urbana em planos diretores municipais / Protocol proposal for data collection seeking the urban drainage diagnostic in municipal urban plans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Braga Moruzzi

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumoO Plano Diretor (PD é o instrumento básico da política de desenvolvimento urbano e obrigatório, por força da Constituição Federal e do Estatuto da Cidade (Lei Federal 10.257/2001, para as cidades com mais de vinte mil habitantes. A maioria das cidades brasileiras sofrem com problemas associados a equívocos no trato da questão da drenagem urbana e, nesse sentido, a drenagem urbana é um tema indispensável que deve constar nos PD(s municipais. Para tal, o diagnóstico dos problemas associados à drenagem é imprescindível na identificação da causa e na proposta de soluções. Assim, procurou-se, neste artigo, uma proposta de roteiro para coleta de dados visando diagnóstico da drenagem urbana em PD. Para tal, adotou-se como eixo norteador as disposições constantes na Resolução CONAMA 369/2006 e outros instrumentos por esta utilizados. O roteiro possibilitou sistematizar e homogeneizar a coleta de dados e surge como uma alternativa para a rotina de coleta de informações e registro dos impactos em áreas urbanas, auxiliando no levantamento dos problemas e na proposição de diretrizes para o sistema de drenagem urbana. A aplicação foi limitada ao estudo de caso, entretanto os atributos foram norteados pelas recomendações de instrumentos legais e, assim, acredita-se na potencialidade de extrapolação da proposta. No entanto, recomenda-se o contínuo aperfeiçoamento do processo de levantamento dos dados e na incorporação de ferramentas de banco de dados e georeferenciamento para dinamizar o processo de atualização dos dados. Além disso, acredita-se que a proposta possa evoluir para uma análise baseada na classificação de riscos.AbstractThe Urban Plan is a basic tool for urban development policy and it is required from cities with more than 20,000 inhabitants, according to the Brazilian Federal Constitution and to the Federal Law 10.257/2001. The majority of Brazilian cities have problems that are associated with

  1. Plan de investigación: Más allá del papel: Realidad aumentada en literatura juvenil para el fomento de la lectura

    OpenAIRE

    Yelitza Marchena, Silmara

    2017-01-01

    Analizar la influencia de la realidad aumentada como herramienta para el fomento del gusto por la literatura juvenil en estudiantes de la Educación Secundaria Obligatoria (ESO) y su impacto en el desarrollo de competencias claves establecidas en el currículo del sistema escolar.

  2. Proyecto de desarrollo para evaluar la perspectiva del cliente del banco de Machala y desarrollar un plan de marketing para su posicionamiento y promoción a nivel nacional

    OpenAIRE

    Ávila Rivas, Vladimir; Carvajal Ramón, Javier; Miranda, Luis

    2009-01-01

    El Proyecto trata sobre el Banco de Machala, el cual a lo largo de mas de cuarenta años ha sido uno de los Bancos mas fuertes en la Provincia de El Oro, a pesar de poseer agencias a Nivel Nacional, el Banco no tiene un perspectiva buena en la mente de su target. Esto nos llevo a realizar una investigación de Mercado para comprobar esta suposición, los resultados fueron un poco mas allá de lo esperado, tal y como se estimo, la perspectiva del Banco fuera de la Provincia de El Oro, era muy ...

  3. Application of HACCP in the food safety system during important missions for the Armed Police Forces%HACCP原理在武警部队执行重大任务饮食保障中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢爱民; 曹德康; 初晨; 张伟; 李增德

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the application of hazard analysis and critical control ( HACCP) practice to food safety management during significant missions by the Armed Police Forces. Methods According to the field practices of significant activities and the basic principles of HACCP, all the risk factors throughout the food preparation process were analyzed to define critical control points (CCP)at which these risk factors can be controlled. Results Hazard analysis confirmed that recipes, raw material purchase, food processing, food distribution, food detection, tableware cleaning and disinfection, and personnel health were 7 critical points for food preparation. Conclusion The application of HACCP to food processing during important activities not only reduces the risk for food safety, improves the management level but helps gain experience on food safety.%目的 确保部队在执行重大任务时的饮食安全,预防食物中毒的发生.方法 利用危害分析与关键控制点系统(hazard analysis and critical control points,HACCP)管理原理,结合任务实际情况,通过对食品采购到餐桌全过程进行危害分析,对关键点针对性地提出控制措施.结果 确立了7个关键控制点,即食谱制订,原料采购、加工,食品配送、留验,餐具容器消毒和从业人员卫生,同时制订出HACCP计划.结论 HACCP管理原理的应用,不仅降低了部队食品安全风险,提高了管理水平,也为部队执行重大任务时的饮食保障积累了经验.

  4. Construcción colaborativa de un plan de acción para la educación inclusiva: cómo la experiencia educacional finlandesa puede rechazar este procedimiento?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Aparecido De Souza

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aborda el uso de las metodologías activas, el aprendizaje basado en proyectos y el aprendizaje centrado en el estudiante, que se contextualizan con la Educación Finlandesa, en pro de la organización y construcción de un Plan de Acción sobre la Educación Inclusiva. Se presenta una rutina pedagógica para un período de cuatro horas con el uso de estrategias educativas para la promoción de la discusión de la Educación Inclusiva. En el caso de los municipios de la ciudad de Buenos Aires, en el marco de la Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático, profesionales del campus, Relación escolar - Familia, e Integración Escuela-Trabajo en una plataforma digital (Padlet. Al final, los resultados pudieron subsidiar futuras acciones institucionales para la Educación Inclusiva. Además, percibir incluso que subjetivamente la mirada de satisfacción de gran parte de los servidores en reconocer que cada uno tuvo un papel fundamental en el documento implica creer que es posible cambiar algunas rutinas educativas con el uso de las exitosas experiencias finlandesas.

  5. Plan estratégico de mercadeo para la cadena hortícola en el Distrito de riego del Alto Chicamocha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pacheco María Concepción

    2006-06-01

    expectativas generadas, debe considerarse como una empresa importante en el contexto regional, razón por la que se debe implementar su actividad empresarial con un enfoque estratégico que lleve a la modernización de sus procesos, tanto productivos como comerciales. Este trabajo de investigación, a través de la elaboración de un diagnóstico estratégico de los sistemas de  producción y comercialización de la cadena hortícola, formula un plan estratégico de mercadeo para establecer acciones que permitan aprovechar las fortalezas y las oportunidades y  enfrentar las debilidades y las amenazas. En este plan se proponen programas de acción que, de implementarse, pueden contribuir significativamente al mejoramiento de la competitividad de  los productos hortícolas y, por lo tanto, promover el desarrollo de la región. Ya que la ubicación geográfica del Distrito es favorable con respecto  a los principales mercados, como propuesta derivada de esta investigación se plantea la creación de una comercializadora, con los productores como socios; igualmente, se contempla fortalecer programas con capital social como elemento fundamental y con visión de cadena productiva.

  6. Plan de negocios para la constitución de una empresa consultora que preste los servicios de asesoría para la planeación estratégica de organizaciones y la gerencia de proyectos implementando la metodología PMI - JYJ Project Offices S.A.S.

    OpenAIRE

    Contreras Delgadillo, Yair Esteban; Noriega Silva, Juan Carlos; Benítez Granados, John

    2012-01-01

    El presente documento describe el plan de negocio para la creación de una empresa de consultoría que asesore, forme las capacidades humanas y acompañe a medianas y grandes empresas de los sectores de Hidrocarburos (Petróleo), Construcción, Obras civiles y Telecomunicaciones, en la gestión de proyectos, creación de Oficinas de Proyectos con enfoque PMI y planeación estratégica. Esta empresa cuya razón social será JYJ Project Offices S.A.S., ofrecerá sus servicios a empresas localizadas en la ...

  7. DISEÑO DE UN PLAN DE MANTENIMIENTO PREVENTIVO Y PREDICTIVO PARA LA EMPRESA FAGOMA S.A.C. AREQUIPA 2014

    OpenAIRE

    CÁCERES NÚÑEZ, AUGUSTO EMILIO CARLOS

    2015-01-01

    PLAN DE MANTENIMIENTO FICHAS TÉCNICAS TAXONOMÍA DE LAS MÁQUINAS HISTORIAL DE VIDA DE EQUIPOS ORDEN DE TRABAJO DE MANTENIMIENTO CRONOGRAMA DE MANTENIMIENTO ÍNDICES DE MANTENIMIENTO PROPUESTOS A LA EMPRESA COSTOS DE MANTENIMIENTO

  8. Plan de actividades físico-recreativas para la ocupación del tiempo libre en los adolescentes de 15 a 18 años del Municipio Carirubana en el Consejo Comunal Sabana Grande

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamila Sánchez Bello

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene como base el estudio acerca de la ocupación del tiempo libre, por su positiva influencia en la formación de la personalidad del hombre manifestada en su modo de vida al cambiar hábitos, ideología y cultura social de cómo ocuparlo. Consta de tres capítulos que van desde, las concepciones del tiempo libre y la recreación el primero sobre, la caracterización del grupo, la comunidad y resultados del diagnóstico inicial, donde se constata cuál es el tiempo libre que disponen los adolescentes y la poca sistematicidad en actividades, al aplicar de los métodos teóricos y empíricos en el segundo, y un tercer capítulo donde se realiza la fundamentación del plan de actividades físico-recreativa para ocupar el tiempo libre de los adolescentes y al final se analizan los resultados obtenido tras su puesta en marcha. Las actividades van acompañadas de acciones encaminadas a transformar conductas desacordes al buen desarrollo humano, para este propósito se escogieron un grupo de adolescentes en edades entre 15-18 años del municipio Carirubana en el Consejo Comunal Sabana Grande. El plan tuvo como base la aplicación de los conceptos: Tiempo libre, comunidad, adolescente.

  9. Em busca de um delineamento de proposta para classificação dos periódicos internacionais de contabilidade para o Qualis CAPES In search of a plan for ranking international accounting periodicals for Qualis CAPES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilse Maria Beuren

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo objetiva buscar subsídios ao delineamento de uma proposta para classificação dos periódicos internacionais de contabilidade para o Qualis CAPES. Para tanto, foi realizada pesquisa exploratória, por meio de levantamento, com abordagem quantitativa dos dados e corte seccional. Os dados foram levantados no Portal de Periódicos da CAPES, obtendo-se um total de 50 periódicos. Os resultados da pesquisa mostram: os periódicos internacionais de contabilidade disponíveis no Portal de Periódicos da CAPES; os periódicos internacionais de contabilidade indexados no SCOPUS ou ISI e não disponíveis no Portal de Periódicos da CAPES; os periódicos da área contábil citados por periódicos da área contábil indexados no SCOPUS; os periódicos da área contábil citados por periódicos da área contábil indexados no SCOPUS e não disponíveis no Portal de Periódicos da CAPES e o fator de impacto 2006 dos periódicos da área contábil citados por periódicos da área contábil indexados no SCOPUS. Com base nos achados da pesquisa foi delineada uma proposta de classificação dos periódicos internacionais de contabilidade para o Qualis CAPES, a qual pretende ser um ponto de partida para a discussão e construção de uma proposta em face da revisão do Qualis CAPES em 2007.The objective of this article was to search for ways to support the outlining of a proposal for ranking international accounting periodicals for use by Qualis CAPES. To do so, an exploratory cross-sectional survey was carried out, using a quantitative approach. Data was collected from the CAPES Journal Portal, obtaining a total of 50 periodicals. Results show: international accounting journals available through the CAPES Journal Portal; international accounting journals indexed in SCOPUS or ISI but not available through the CAPES Journal Portal; accounting journals cited in accounting journals indexed in SCOPUS; accounting journals cited in accounting journals

  10. Diseño de un plan de marketing para mejorar el posicionamiento de la microempresa que fabrica ropa deportiva, confecciones Isabel del Valle de Tumbaco.

    OpenAIRE

    Cajas Banegas, Cinthya Belén; Pacheco Tonato, Marlene Isabel

    2014-01-01

    This thesis aims to determine the most effective market strategies to achieve the positioning of "Confecciones Isabel", whereas provided that its objective is aimed at notably help the community to offer sports garments made with intelligent fabric. The research aims to develop a "design of a Marketing plan. to improve the positioning of microenterprise "Confecciones Isabel", which will allow to establish strategies and action plans to help microenterprise to position their products and in...

  11. Field in field technique in two-dimensional planning for whole brain irradiation; Tecnica field in field em planejamentos bidimensionais para irradiacao de cerebro total

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, A.L.S.; Campos, T.P.R., E-mail: radioterapia.andre@gmail.com [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte (Brazil). Departamento de Engenharia Nuclear

    2016-11-01

    Radiotherapy is the most used clinical method used for brain metastases treatment, the most frequent secondary tumors provided by breast, lung and melanomas as primary origin. The protocols often use high daily doses and, depending on the irradiation technique there is high probability of complications in health tissues. In order to minimize adverse effects, it is important the dosimetric analysis of three-dimensional radiotherapy planning through tomographic images or, concerning to the 2D simulations, by the application of techniques that optimize dose distribution by increasing the homogeneity. The study aimed to compare the 2D and 3D conformal planning for total brain irradiation in a individual equivalent situation and evaluate the progress of these planning applying the field in field technique. The methodology consisted of simulating a two-dimensional planning, reproduce it on a set of tomographic images and compare it with the conformal plan for two fields and four fields (field in field). The results showed no significant difference between 2D and 3D planning for whole brain irradiation, and the field in field technique significantly improved the dose distribution in brain volume compared with two fields for the proposal situation. As conclusion, the two-dimensional plane for the four fields described was viable for whole brain irradiation in the treatment of brain metastases at the proposal situation. (author)

  12. La Reconstrucción un proceso integrado por mejorar: contribuciones para la elaboración del plan regulador, experiencia inundaciones enero 2005, Caribe de Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esquivel Valverde, Lidier

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available El documento hace un análisis sobre la importancia de tomar en cuenta medidas de prevención y mitigación en la última fase de una emergencia: la reconstrucción. Describe en forma general las etapas que se siguen después de una situación extrema de daños y se centra en el Plan Regulador o Plan de Reconstrucción. Presenta el caso de las inundaciones ocurridas en la Provincia de Limón en el año 2005 y un cuadro resumen de los costos generados por sector del Plan Regulador de los Decretos Ejecutivos 32180 y 322111MP-MOPT The document analyses the importance of considering prevention and mitigation measures in the last phase of an emergency: reconstruction. It describes in general the stages following after an extreme damages situation and focuses on the Regulatory Plan or Reconstruction Plan. It presents the case of the floods in Limón, 2005 and a summary chart with the costs generated by sector of the Regulatory Plan, Executive Decrees 32180 and 322111MP-MOPT

  13. Plan de mercadeo para incrementar la comercialización de la tarjeta de consumo directa en la ciudad de Quito (tarjeta de los almacenes Juan Eljuri. Ltda.).

    OpenAIRE

    Solís Solís, Yesenia Beatriz

    2011-01-01

    Entre los grupos empresariales ecuatorianos, el Grupo Eljuri, es el más destacado debido a su crecimiento y su visión desde hace 86 años transcurridos desde su fundación, uno de los aspectos más representativos es su diversificación; la empresa fue fundada en 1925, originalmente para la distribución de perfumes y cosméticos, más tarde incursionó la tecnología, aparatos eléctricos y automóviles. El objetivo común es la competitividad de sus operaciones, para ofrecer más facilidades y benefi...

  14. O MUSEU NA SALA DE AULA: propostas para o planejamento de visitas aos museusTHE MUSEUM IN THE CLASSROOM: educational planning with museums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo de Aguiar Pacheco

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Tendo por base a análise de dados empíricos de uma série de atividades de ensino em espaços museológicos, o presente artigo sistematiza uma série de elementos que orientam o uso dos museus no ensino de história. Propomos uma metodologia para um uso didático do museu na sala de aula que preveja, primeiro, a vinculação dos conteúdos estudados em sala de aula a exposição que será visitada; segundo, a realização da visita de forma articulada com uma programação definida e; terceiro, de volta a sala de aula, a utilização da experiência vivida no museu para a realização de uma produção cultural.

  15. Gestión del conocimiento y redes sociales para la planeación por escenarios [Knowledge management and social networks for stages planning

    OpenAIRE

    Marulanda Echeverry, Carlos Eduardo; López Trujillo, Marcelo

    2011-01-01

    ResumenEn el marco de la investigación titulada: Las mejores prácticas para la gestión del conocimiento, se vienen desarrollando herra-mientas que propenden gestionar conocimiento en las organiza-ciones. La presentación de este artículo, muestra los elementos tenidos en cuenta para generar una aplicación de software que busca implementar la planeación por escenarios basada en la gestión  del conocimiento  y  con  el  uso  de  las  redes  sociales, con el fin aportar al mejoramiento de la comp...

  16. Plan de comunicación para incentivar la cultura de reciclaje en la ciudad de Quito, como parte del proyecto de la iniciativa para el reciclaje inclusivo (IRR)

    OpenAIRE

    Arroyo Álvarez, Ana María

    2016-01-01

    The idea to draft a Strategic Communiations Plan to promote a recycling culture in Quito, has its origin in the Regional Initiative for Inclusive Recycling, IRR (abbreviation in spanish) project for 2015-2017, “Capacity building and collaboration to achieve the formalization of inclusive recycling in Ecuador’s solid waste management”. The IRR was created in order to incorporate and recognize informal waste pickers in the formal recycling market in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Initiati...

  17. Metodología para elaborar el Plan Maestro de Validación de los procesos de producción del Centro Nacional de Sanidad Agropecuaria Methodology to design the Master Plan of Validation of production processes of National Center of Agricultural Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nivian Montes de Oca

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available La metodología para la elaboración del Plan Maestro de Validación de los procesos de producción del Centro Nacional de Sanidad Agropecuaria, se diseñó a partir de los requisitos contenidos en la Regulación 16 del 2006 de Buenas Prácticas de Fabricación de medicamentos. Abarcó la política de la organización para la actividad de validación su estructura organizativa, las instalaciones, sistemas, equipos y procesos que se deben validar; el formato de la documentación a utilizar; la planificación y calendario de cada actividad; los resultados de cada protocolo ejecutado, el control de los cambios que se generan; un resumen de las validaciones anteriores; cumplimiento del plan propuesto; las conclusiones donde se precisan de forma resumida si los procesos validados están bajo control, los resultados más relevantes, así como las acciones correctivas y preventivas a tomar; por último se define la distribución de toda la información generada, conformando así el Plan Maestro de Validación. Este sistema de validación se muestra a través de procedimientos, protocolos y registros aplicados en el proceso de fabricación de Surfacen®, medicamento para uso humano que se fabrica en el Centro Nacional de Sanidad Agropecuaria.The methodology to design the Validation Master Plan the production processes of National Center of Agricultural Health was created from the requirements present in the Regulation 16, 2006 of Good Practices of drugs manufacture including the organization policy for validation activity of its organizing structure, installations, systems, equipments and processes to be validated, documentation format used, planning and calendar of each activity; the results from each protocol performed, the generating changes control, abstract of prior validations, fulfillment of proposed plan, conclusions where are determined in a summarized way if the validated processes are under control, the more relevant results, as well as how

  18. An environment for operation planning of electrical energy distribution systems; Um ambiente para planejamento da operacao de sistemas de distribuicao de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hashimoto, Kleber

    1997-07-01

    The aim of operation planning of electrical energy distribution systems is to define a group of interventions in the distribution network in a way to reach a global optimization. Both normal operation and emergency conditions are considered including scheduled interventions in the network. Under normal conditions, some aspects as voltage drop and loss minimization, for example, are considered; under emergency conditions, the minimization of non-distributed energy and interruption time are taken into account. This proposes the development of a computer environment for operation planning studies. The design and implementation of a specific operation planning database, based on a relational database model, was carried out so that new information modules could be easily included. A statistical approach has been applied to the load model including consumption habits and seasonal information, for each consumer category. A group of operation planning functions is proposed, which includes simulation modules responsible for system analysis. These functions and the database should be designed together. The developed computer environment allows the inclusion of new functions, due to the standardized query language used to access the database. Two functions have been implemented for illustration. The development of the proposed environment constitutes a step towards an open operation planning system, an integration with other information systems and an easy-to-use system based on graphical interface. (author)

  19. Planificación automatizada del arranque de generadores para la restauración de sistemas eléctricos de potencia ;Generator Start-Up automated planning for electric power system restoration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonel Francisco Aleaga Loaiza

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La elección de la secuencia de arranque de los generadores afecta directamente a la capacidad de generación disponible en el proceso de restauración del sistema de potencia. En este artículo se utiliza un método basado en la planificación automatizada para calcular la secuencia de arranque de las unidades de generación en el proceso de restauración de sistemas eléctricos de potencia. Se presenta una formulación basada en acciones donde se involucran varios factores complejos tales como: la naturaleza combinatoria, el conocimiento de expertos, varias restricciones y condiciones cambiantes en el tiempo que deben cumplirse y la optimización de varios recursos numéricos. Los resultados de prueba sobre el sistema IEEE39-barras muestran que el método es muy eficiente en obtener planes precisos y optimizados para restaurar el sistema de generación utilizando un algoritmo de planificación automatizada basado en la búsqueda heurística con capacidades de razonamiento en tiempo continuo.The choice of generator startup sequence affects directly the available generation capacity in the power system restoration process. In this paper an automated planning based method is used to calculate the startup sequence generating units in the electric power system restoration process. An action-based formulation is presented where several complex factors are involved such us: the combinatorial nature, expert knowledge, several restrictions and changing conditions over time that must be met and the optimization of several numerical resources. The test result son theIEEE39-bus system show that the method is veryefficientto obtain accurate and optimized plans to restore the generation system using an automated planning algorithm based on heuristic search with capabilities of reasoning in continuous time.

  20. Segurança e produção: um modelo para o planejamento e controle integrado Safety and production: an integrated planning and control model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarcisio A. Saurin

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta um modelo de planejamento e controle da segurança no trabalho (PCS integrado ao processo de planejamento e controle da produção (PCP. O modelo foi desenvolvido por meio de dois estudos empíricos em obras industriais, adotando-se a pesquisa ação como estratégia de pesquisa. Os requisitos de segurança são integrados ao PCP em três níveis hierárquicos deste processo. No nível de longo prazo, o planejamento da segurança é configurado pelo desenvolvimento de análises preliminares de risco dos processos construtivos. A atualização e detalhamento da implantação destes planos é então feita por meio de sua integração aos níveis de médio e curto prazo do PCP.This paper presents a safety planning and control model (SPC that has been integrated to the production planning and control process. The model was developed through two action research empirical studies in industrial construction projects. Safety requirements are integrated into three hierarchical levels of planning and control process. At the long-term level, safety planning is featured by preliminary hazard analysis of construction processes. These plans are updated and detailed through its integration into both medium-term and short-term planning levels.

  1. Plan de Cuidados Estandarizado de Enfermería para pacientes con Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 en la Atención Primaria

    OpenAIRE

    Tejido Ruiz-Ogarrio, Andrea Elisa

    2015-01-01

    Siendo la Diabetes Mellitus una de las enfermedades crónicas con más prevalencia mundial y con una incidencia aumentada en los últimos años, se ha visto necesario la estructuración de un Plan de Cuidados Estandarizado de Enfermería en Atención Primaria. Con este Plan de Cuidados, se conseguiría frenar el progreso de la enfermedad en pacientes diagnosticados de Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2, enfermedad generalmente asociada a personas en edad adulta con sobrepeso, por lo que la consulta de enfermer...

  2. Plan de marketing para incrementar la captación de clientes PYMES del sector comercial en el Banco Internacional, agencia Ceibos de la ciudad de Guayaquil.

    OpenAIRE

    Ponce Vélez, Dennys Orlando; Wiesner Flores, María Gabriela

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo de esta propuesta es incrementar la captación de clientes potenciales del sector comercial de las PYMES ubicadas en la Agencia Ceibos del Banco Internacional, mediante la ejecución un plan de marketing el cual permitirá dar a conocer los servicios financieros que dispone el Banco Internacional The objective of this proposal is increasing the lead generation business customers of SMEs located in International Bank - Ceibos Agency, by executing a marketing plan which will raise a...

  3. Energy saving plan: use of solar energy in the university of Valencia (Spain); Uso de la energia solar en la universidad de Valencia (Espana) para ahorrar energia electrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez Gomez Amo, J.L.; Tena, F.; Martinez Lozano, J.A.; Utrillas, M.P. [Grupo de Radiacion Solar, Universidad de Valencia (Spain)

    2005-07-15

    The University of Valencia financed a pilot project that would study the installation's feasibility of a generating station with photovoltaic energy, solar type, in order to replace or complement conventional sources of energy. This paper presents some of the preliminary results of the study's application in an University building, along with the analysis of the initial situation and the proposals for the handling of reactive energy and the outer and inner lighting as solutions for energy saving. This experimental project entitled Study of the Energy Saving Strategies and the Viability of Installing Solar Energy equipment in the Buildings of the University of Valencia throws preliminary data specifying the amount of investment necessary to obtain real annual benefits, as well as the recovery time of the investment and the beneficial ecological impact in quantitative terms of a measurable CO{sub 2} reduction. [Spanish] La Universidad de Valencia financio un proyecto piloto que estudiaria la factibilidad de instalacion de una estacion generadora de energia fotovoltaica de tipo solar para sustituir o complementar fuentes convencionales de energia. Este trabajo presenta algunos de los resultados preliminares de la aplicacion del estudio en un edificio de la Universidad junto con el analisis de la situacion inicial y las propuestas del manejo de energia reactiva, de iluminacion exterior e interior como soluciones para el ahorro de energia. Este proyecto experimental titulado Estudio de las estrategias del ahorro de la energia y de la viabilidad de instalar energia solar en los edificios de la Universidad de Valencia arroja datos preliminares que especifican el monto de la inversion necesaria para obtener beneficios anuales reales, asi como el tiempo de recuperacion de la inversion y el impacto ecologico benefico en terminos cuantitativos de una reduccion cuantificable de CO{sub 2}.

  4. Plan para elaborar crisis por abandono en niños, a través de la terapia lúdia sistémica

    OpenAIRE

    Sotomayor, Elena; Ruano, Marco

    2000-01-01

    El presente trabajo, sintetiza tres campos que tiene que ver con la crisis de ocasiona en los niños con procesos de callejización, el abandono de sus padres en una institución de protección infantil. En este primer campo se expone el sustento teórico del proyecto de síntesis. Desde una visión sistemática se escogen dos modelos terapéuticos aplicables al tema de abandono. El modelo integracional y modelo comunicacional, para conocer que sucede con la familia cuando se transmiten comportamie...

  5. Diseño del plan estratégico con metodología Balanced Scorecard para una empresa distribuidora de máquinas

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Mejía, Carlos Rafael; Rodríguez Mejía, Carlos Rafael

    2013-01-01

    En la actualidad un tema central en las empresas para aprovechar los beneficios del crecimiento económico es como alcanzar el mejor desempeño en un entorno cambiante y de alta rivalidad. En la industria de movimiento de carga la participación de los fabricantes en el canal ha devenido en la obsolescencia de la estrategia global de la empresa distribuidora de equipos y la pérdida de su competitividad. Se evalúo tres metodologías como alternativas de solución al problema; El BSC herramienta ...

  6. Diseño de un sistema de telefonía IP y plan de empresa para su comercialización

    OpenAIRE

    Ramal Morcillo, David

    2005-01-01

    En los últimos años se ha iniciado lo que está destinado a ser una revolución tecnológica y funcional en los servicios de telefonía: la telefonía sobre las redes IP. Por otro lado los modelos de negocio basados en software libre comienzan a desarrollarse y obtener resultados lucrativos. Los dos representan oportunidades para la creación de nuevos negocios. El objetivo de este Proyecto Final de Carrera es demostrar la viabilidad del negocio y la tecnológica de la empresa Innocom. Innocom o...

  7. Plan estratégico de marketing de nueva línea de jugos premium para the Coca-Cola Company

    OpenAIRE

    Carbonel, Magaly; Ríos, Nicole; Taborga, Marcelo; Victorero, Natalia

    2017-01-01

    La alimentación saludable está cambiando los patrones de consumo de la sociedad, los consumidores están eligiendo productos bajos en grasas, sin preservantes u otros componentes dañinos a la salud. La categoría de jugos no es ajena a esta realidad, de acuerdo a las tendencias globales, regionales y locales, se ha evaluado la posibilidad de incorporar un jugo Premium RTD (100% jugo listo para consumir) al portafolio de The Coca-Cola Company en Lima Metropolitana. El presente Pla...

  8. Plan de negocio en soluciones de energía renovable para servicios eléctricos básicos de empresas

    OpenAIRE

    Lafitte Vega, Jorge Leonidas; Ignacio Esteban, Giancarlo; Gutiérrez Ramírez, Hugo Daniel

    2016-01-01

    La empresa Clean Energy S.A.C. plantea el uso de energías renovables a través de paneles fotovoltaicos. Esta tecnología permite reducir el costo del consumo de servicios básicos de electricidad que se toman de empresas de distribución eléctrica. El estudio de mercado indica que hay una oportunidad para penetrar en el segmento de empresas que forman parte del Sistema Eléctrico Interconectado Nacional (SEIN), principalmente, transmisores, distribuidores y clientes libres. Se sabe que las tarifa...

  9. Plan piloto del sistema de comunicación y seguimiento móvil en salud para personas con diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Alcayaga

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available La mSalud es una herramienta práctica, útil y disponible para la comunicación unidireccional o bidireccional entre profesionales de la salud y el paciente, cuyo uso es especialmente promisorio en países como Chile, con una amplia y creciente cobertura de telefonía móvil muy bien aceptada por la población. Nuestro objetivo es mostrar el proceso de diseño de un modelo de comunicación y seguimiento móvil, destinado a facilitar la comunicación entre profesionales de los centros atención primaria en salud y sus usuarios, para lograr el diagnóstico oportuno e inicio del tratamiento de la diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 (DM2. Este modelo se caracteriza por utilizar el teléfono móvil como herramienta de comunicación, ser un método unidireccional (desde los centros de salud hacia los usuarios, estar integrado con la atención presencial que se entrega en los centros de salud, utilizar diferentes estrategias de comunicación (vía voz y escrita, y funcionar integrado en un software diseñado en código abierto. El sistema incluyó la implementación de comunicación personalizada, comunicación automatizada de voz y comunicación automatizada escrita a través de servicio de mensaje corto de voz. Se describen estas estrategias y los componentes del sistema. Entre las lecciones aprendidas, se destaca el aporte de lograr implementar la innovación tecnológica COSMOS (sistemas operadores modulados consolidados en línea, por su sigla en inglés, para apoyar el proceso de cuidado de la salud de las personas con sospecha de DM2 en centros de atención primaria de salud. Para este logro, resulta imprescindible el trabajo conjunto con los equipos en terreno.

  10. Propuesta del Plan de Desarrollo y Ordenamiento Territorial para el Cantón Alausí, Componente Económico Productivo

    OpenAIRE

    Rivera Riera, Ángela Paulina

    2016-01-01

    En el cantón Alausí, provincia Chimborazo se elaboró una propuesta de desarrollo y ordenamiento territorial para el componente económico productivo. Se inició la investigación realizando un análisis de la situación actual del sector productivo; posteriormente, con la ayuda de talleres participativos se identificaron los principales problemas y potencialidades, temas que ayudaron finalmente a la definición de estrategias de desarrollo planteadas en término de programas y proye...

  11. Creating options in family planning for the private sector in Latin America La creación de opciones en materia de planificación familiar para el sector privado en América Latina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suneeta Sharma

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean are facing the gradual phaseout of international-donor support of contraceptive commodities and technical and management assistance, as well as an increased reliance on limited public sector resources and a limited private sector role in providing contraceptives to the public. Therefore, those nations must develop multisectoral strategies to achieve contraceptive security. The countries need to consider information about the market for family planning commodities and services in order to define and promote complementary roles for the public sector, the commercial sector, and the nongovernmental-organization sector, as well as to better identify which segments of the population each of those sectors should serve. While it is unable to mandate private sector participation, the public sector can create conditions that support and promote a greater role for the private sector in meeting the growing needs of family planning users. Taking steps to actively involve and expand the private sector's market share is a critical strategy for achieving a more equitable distribution of available resources, addressing unmet need, and creating a more sustainable future for family planning commodities and services. This paper also discusses in detail the experiences of two countries, Paraguay and Peru. Paraguay's family planning market illustrates a vibrant private sector, but with limited access to family planning commodities and services for those who cannot afford private sector prices. In Peru a 1995 policy change that sought to increase family planning coverage had the effect of restricting access for the poor and leaving the Ministry of Health unable to pay for the growing need for family planning commodities and services.Los países de América Latina y el Caribe enfrentan el cese gradual del apoyo y de la ayuda técnica y administrativa brindados por donantes internacionales a los proveedores de productos

  12. Application for verification of monitor units of the treatment planning system; Aplicacion para la verificacion de unidades monitor del sistema de planificacion de tratamientos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suero Rodrigo, M. A.; Marques Fraguela, E.

    2011-07-01

    Current estimates algorithms achieve acceptable degree of accuracy. However, operate on the basis of un intuitive models. It is therefore necessary to verify the calculation of monitor units of the treatment planning system (PTS) with those obtained by other independent formalisms. To this end, we have developed an application based on factorization formalism that automates the calculation of dose.

  13. Commissioning of a Monte Carlo treatment planning system for clinical use in radiation therapy; Evaluacion de un sistema de planificacion Monte Carlo de uso clinico para radioterapia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zucca Aparcio, D.; Perez Moreno, J. M.; Fernandez Leton, P.; Garcia Ruiz-Zorrila, J.

    2016-10-01

    The commissioning procedures of a Monte Carlo treatment planning system (MC) for photon beams from a dedicated stereotactic body radiosurgery (SBRT) unit has been reported in this document. XVMC has been the MC Code available in the treatment planning system evaluated (BrainLAB iPlan RT Dose) which is based on Virtual Source Models that simulate the primary and scattered radiation, besides the electronic contamination, using gaussian components for whose modelling are required measurements of dose profiles, percentage depth dose and output factors, performed both in water and in air. The dosimetric accuracy of the particle transport simulation has been analyzed by validating the calculations in homogeneous and heterogeneous media versus measurements made under the same conditions as the dose calculation, and checking the stochastic behaviour of Monte Carlo calculations when using different statistical variances. Likewise, it has been verified how the planning system performs the conversion from dose to medium to dose to water, applying the stopping power ratio water to medium, in the presence of heterogeneities where this phenomenon is relevant, such as high density media (cortical bone). (Author)

  14. Energy care in relation to your management system. Linking lists between the Reference Energy Care and ISO 14001, ISO 9001 and HACCP; Energiezorg in relatie tot uw zorgsysteem. Linking lists tussen de Referentie Energiezorg en ISO 14001, ISO 9001 en HACCP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    Several so-called care systems are in use at institutes and companies. For efficiency reasons it makes sense to integrate an energy care system to the existing care system. For the so-called Reference Energy Care, developed by the Netherlands Agency for Energy and the Environment (Novem) links to three of the most important care systems have been elaborated: environmental care according to ISO 14001, the quality care system ISO 9001:2000 and the food safety system Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP). The elaboration resulted in three tables, indicating the connections ('linking lists') between each of those care systems and the Reference Energy Care system and how energy care can be integrated into those systems. [Dutch] Bij instellingen en bedrijven zijn diverse zorgsystemen in gebruik. Het is zinvol om energiezorg - waar mogelijk - in een dergelijk bestaand systeem op te nemen. Meerdere zorgsystemen naast elkaar in stand houden is minder efficient dan de systemen integreren tot een systeem. Novem heeft daarom voor haar Referentie Energiezorg de link laten uitwerken naar drie van de meest voorkomende systemen: milieuzorg volgens ISO 14001, het kwaliteitszorgsysteem ISO 9001:2000 en het voedselveiligheidssysteem HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points). Hieruit zijn drie tabellen voortgekomen, die aangeven welke verbanden er zijn tussen elk van deze zorgsystemen en de Referentie Energiezorg en hoe u energiezorg kunt integreren in elk van deze systemen. Deze tabellen worden aangeduid als 'linking lists' en u kunt ze gebruiken als hulpmiddel bij het integreren van energiezorg in uw eigen zorgsysteem. U vindt ze in deze brochure.

  15. Energy care in relation to your management system. Linking lists between the Reference Energy Care and ISO 14001, ISO 9001 and HACCP; Energiezorg in relatie tot uw zorgsysteem. Linking lists tussen de Referentie Energiezorg en ISO 14001, ISO 9001 en HACCP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    Several so-called care systems are in use at institutes and companies. For efficiency reasons it makes sense to integrate an energy care system to the existing care system. For the so-called Reference Energy Care, developed by the Netherlands Agency for Energy and the Environment (Novem) links to three of the most important care systems have been elaborated: environmental care according to ISO 14001, the quality care system ISO 9001:2000 and the food safety system Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP). The elaboration resulted in three tables, indicating the connections ('linking lists') between each of those care systems and the Reference Energy Care system and how energy care can be integrated into those systems. [Dutch] Bij instellingen en bedrijven zijn diverse zorgsystemen in gebruik. Het is zinvol om energiezorg - waar mogelijk - in een dergelijk bestaand systeem op te nemen. Meerdere zorgsystemen naast elkaar in stand houden is minder efficient dan de systemen integreren tot een systeem. Novem heeft daarom voor haar Referentie Energiezorg de link laten uitwerken naar drie van de meest voorkomende systemen: milieuzorg volgens ISO 14001, het kwaliteitszorgsysteem ISO 9001:2000 en het voedselveiligheidssysteem HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points). Hieruit zijn drie tabellen voortgekomen, die aangeven welke verbanden er zijn tussen elk van deze zorgsystemen en de Referentie Energiezorg en hoe u energiezorg kunt integreren in elk van deze systemen. Deze tabellen worden aangeduid als 'linking lists' en u kunt ze gebruiken als hulpmiddel bij het integreren van energiezorg in uw eigen zorgsysteem. U vindt ze in deze brochure.

  16. Plan de negocios Finadsoft: [Plan de negocios para la creación de una empresa de consultoría enfocada en el desarrollo e implementación de un sistema de información hecho a la medida de las necesidades del cliente

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    El trabajo contiene el plan de negocios para la creación de una empresa de consultoría enfocada en el desarrollo e implementación de un sistema de información hecho a la medida de las necesidades del cliente dirigida a Pymes manufactureras. Mediante la caracterización del mercado examinando la industria del software, analizando las características y necesidades del cliente en cuanto a la administración, uso de la información y realizando un análisis financiero que permitan evaluar la rentabil...

  17. 21 CFR 123.8 - Verification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... processor shall verify that the HACCP plan is adequate to control food safety hazards that are reasonably... minimum: (1) Reassessment of the HACCP plan. A reassessment of the adequacy of the HACCP plan whenever any changes occur that could affect the hazard analysis or alter the HACCP plan in any way or at least...

  18. Application of ISO22000, failure mode, and effect analysis (FMEA) cause and effect diagrams and pareto in conjunction with HACCP and risk assessment for processing of pastry products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varzakas, Theodoros H

    2011-09-01

    The Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) model has been applied for the risk assessment of pastry processing. A tentative approach of FMEA application to the pastry industry was attempted in conjunction with ISO22000. Preliminary Hazard Analysis was used to analyze and predict the occurring failure modes in a food chain system (pastry processing plant), based on the functions, characteristics, and/or interactions of the ingredients or the processes, upon which the system depends. Critical Control points have been identified and implemented in the cause and effect diagram (also known as Ishikawa, tree diagram, and fishbone diagram). In this work a comparison of ISO22000 analysis with HACCP is carried out over pastry processing and packaging. However, the main emphasis was put on the quantification of risk assessment by determining the Risk Priority Number (RPN) per identified processing hazard. Storage of raw materials and storage of final products at -18°C followed by freezing were the processes identified as the ones with the highest RPN (225, 225, and 144 respectively) and corrective actions were undertaken. Following the application of corrective actions, a second calculation of RPN values was carried out leading to considerably lower values (below the upper acceptable limit of 130). It is noteworthy that the application of Ishikawa (Cause and Effect or Tree diagram) led to converging results thus corroborating the validity of conclusions derived from risk assessment and FMEA. Therefore, the incorporation of FMEA analysis within the ISO22000 system of a pastry processing industry is considered imperative.

  19. QMRA (quantitative microbial risk assessment) and HACCP (hazard analysis and critical control points) for management of pathogens in wastewater and sewage sludge treatment and reuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westrell, T; Schönning, C; Stenström, T A; Ashbolt, N J

    2004-01-01

    Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) was applied for identifying and controlling exposure to pathogenic microorganisms encountered during normal sludge and wastewater handling at a 12,500 m3/d treatment plant utilising tertiary wastewater treatment and mesophilic sludge digestion. The hazardous scenarios considered were human exposure during treatment, handling, soil application and crop consumption, and exposure via water at the wetland-area and recreational swimming. A quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA), including rotavirus, adenovirus, haemorrhagic E. coli, Salmonella, Giardia and Cryptosporidium, was performed in order to prioritise pathogen hazards for control purposes. Human exposures were treated as individual risks but also related to the endemic situation in the general population. The highest individual health risk from a single exposure was via aerosols for workers at the belt press for sludge dewatering (virus infection risk = 1). The largest impact on the community would arise if children ingested sludge at the unprotected storage site, although in the worst-case situation the largest number of infections would arise through vegetables fertilised with sludge and eaten raw (not allowed in Sweden). Acceptable risk for various hazardous scenarios, treatment and/or reuse strategies could be tested in the model.

  20. The development, implementation and testing of a lameness control programme based on HACCP principles and designed for heifers on dairy farms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, N J; Bell, M J; Knowles, T G; Whay, H R; Main, D J; Webster, A J F

    2009-05-01

    This paper describes the development and testing of a lameness control programme (LCP) for heifers on dairy farms. The LCP, which is based on the analysis of hazards and critical control points (HACCP), was tested via a randomised intervention study on 60 farms. Tangible hazards for each farm were identified, allotted to 11 categories of proximate hazard and scored on each farm to quantify the risks presented by each hazard. Feet were inspected for signs of claw horn disease and infection, such as digital dermatitis. Intervention was generally ineffective, primarily through failure to implement the LCP. However, retrospective analysis was able to demonstrate highly significant associations between risks attached to proximate hazards and probabilities of lameness and foot lesions, allowing the severity of these hazards to be ranked. The most significant proximate hazards of environmental origin were prolonged standing on concrete, standing in wet slurry and factors that cause claw trauma. The most severe proximate hazards however were those associated with failures of management, especially poor claw condition and inadequate foot care. Overall farm risks (OFR) were estimated by summing the products of the generic severity for proximate hazards with on-farm risks. Changes in OFR were significantly related to changes in outcome (lameness and lesions).

  1. Methodological proposal for defining mining vocation in Venezuelan land-use planning; Propuesta metodologica para definir la vocacion minera en el contexto del ordenamiento territorial venezolano

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valladares Salinas, R. Y.; Dall Pozzo, F.; Castillo Padron, A. J.

    2015-07-01

    Mining is an economic activity which is necessary to provide raw materials for the different socio-productive networks of the country. Its application depends on the mineralogical occurrence offered by the geological conditions of an area and requires planning due to the fact that it needs to be located in a geographical space and the environment fragility of this space and the socio-economic and political-institutional legislation at a given moment all have to be taken into account. Therefore, the objective of this research consists of a proposal for a methodological model to define areas with mining adapted to the Venezuelan context of land-use planning, in order to assign mining uses to the most appropriate areas for that goal, considering the selection, assessment and integration of a series of variables and indicators adjusted to the thematic information available. (Author)

  2. Contribution of matrix converter in microgeneration for a sustainable energy planning; Contribuicao do conversor matricial na microgeracao para um planejamento energetico sustentavel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero, Javier Alexis Andrade; Romero, Jesus Franklin Andrade [Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC), Santo Andre, SP (Brazil). Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Energia], emails: javier.romero@ufabc.edu.br, jesus.romero@ufabc.edu.br

    2010-07-01

    Once microturbine (MT) based generation systems present suitable and short term application conditions in distributed generation, a rigorous sustainability evaluation is necessary. In this work a Two Stage Matrix Converter (CM2E) that improves the energy efficiency performance is evaluated. In this sense, an analysis based on technological indicators regarding a sustainable energy planning is presented in technological, economic, social and environmental dimensions (author)

  3. Diseño de un plan de marketing para el producto lisa college desarrollado por la microempresa browse Ecuador, ubicada en la ciudad de Quito.

    OpenAIRE

    Coello Duque, Giomar Evelyn

    2013-01-01

    The present work aims to make a marketing plan for the product developed by Lisa College microenterprise Browse Ecuador Cia. Ltd. and it will be a guide for other micros companies wishing to conduct similar research. First, we review general information about the company under study in order to identify problems, research objectives and delimitation of the research area. With this knowledge provides the theoretical and conceptual framework underpinning this research. The ...

  4. Plan de marketing para el posicionamiento de las tarjetas de crédito del Banco del Austro en la ciudad de Guayaquil.

    OpenAIRE

    García Fernández, Emily Susana; Yépez Arévalo, Cristina Vanessa

    2014-01-01

    Banco del Austro, with more than three years since it has been created, is a different financial institution, designed to satisfy Ecuadorian needs, people who believe that values such as solidity, efficiency and most of all trustworthiness are vital to found business. This project is a marketing planning proposal with the purpose of improving the positioning of the credit cards from Banco del Austro in Guayaquil and to innovate in its services to achieve a raise in the participation of the...

  5. Elaboración de un plan para la implementación del sistema de gestión de seguridad de la información

    OpenAIRE

    Guerrón Eras, Jorge

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo del plan del proyecto es definir claramente el propósito del proyecto de implementación del Sistema de Gestión de Seguridad de la Información (SGSI). L'objectiu del pla del projecte és definir clarament el propòsit del projecte d'implementació del Sistema de Gestió de Seguretat de la Informació (SGSI). Master thesis for the ICT Security management program.

  6. Plan de negocios para una empresa de servicios complementarios de limpieza, mantenimiento corporativo y asistencia al hogar en la ciudad de Quito

    OpenAIRE

    Alcocer López, Daysi Mishel; Barbosa Valladares, Evelyn Susana

    2013-01-01

    The business plan for a company cleaning complementary services, corporate maintenance and home assistance in the city of Quito, is to recognize the feasibility of implementing the business and present to shareholders the necessary information into making decision. To which there was a full investigation into this industry and the market, concluding that the Area Administration Eugenio Espejo in the Metropolitan District of Quito is the most suitable to implement this project. Two market segm...

  7. The capabilities and constraints of the LEAP (Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System) for development of energy matrix; As potencialidades e restricoes do LEAP (Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System) para o desenvolvimento de matriz energetica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Afonso Henriques Moreira [MS Consultoria Ltda, Itajuba, MG (Brazil); Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), MG (Brazil); Cruz, Ricardo Alexandre Passos da; Magalhaes, Ricardo Nogueira [IX Consultoria e Representacoes Ltda, Itajuba, MG (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    This paper seeks to introduce and discuss the main features of the LEAP model preparing energy matrixes, in the medium and long term energy planning context. These characteristics are analyzed and compared to other known simulation models used worldwide, checking potentialities and existing barriers of using the LEAP program (author)

  8. Dosimetric tests for treatment planning commissioning in 3DCRT; Testes dosimetricos para comissionamento de sistemas de planejamento em radioterapia 3DCRT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goncalves, Leandro R.; Pieri, Karen; Silva, Marco A.; Santos, Gabriela R.; Sales, Camila P.; Rubo, Rodrigo A.; Nakandakari, Marcos V.N.; Cunha, Ana Paula V; Santos, Caroline Z.; Rodrigues, Laura N.; Furnari, Laura, E-mail: leandrorg11@hotmail.com [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Hospital das Clinicas. Servico de Radioterapia

    2012-12-15

    The radiotherapy evolution from 2D treatments to 3D conformal treatments was possible after the advent the treatment planning systems commercially available and tridimensional images techniques like computed tomography. These systems have tools that allow delineate anatomical structures from tomographic images. Calculations dose tools allow the planner evaluate the dose received in the anatomical structures. When these systems are acquired or an upgrade is made many dosimetric and non-dosimetric tests need to be performed to know the system limitations and correct functioning and to verify the correct dosimetric data insertion. This study was based in International Atomic Energy Agency protocols, Task Groups documents from American Association of Physics in Medicine, and other papers. A dosimetric test set was done to commissioning the Eclipse 10.0.28 (Varian Medical Systems) treatments planning system This version has two photon calculation algorithm (Pencil Beam Convolution and Analytical Anisotropic Algorithm – AAA) and Gaussian Pencil Beam algorithm for electron beams. However, tests for AAA it was not performed. In this study was possible to conclude that the dosimetric data was correctly added in the treatment planning system. Some results allowed to understand the algorithm limitations to calculate dose distributions in specifics situations, that was not clinically relevant in our routine. (author)

  9. Plan estratégico para el sector de comercio automotriz de vehículos ligeros del Perú

    OpenAIRE

    Cabrera Santa Cruz, María Julia; Hernández Montoya, Marianella; Rojas Rivera, Mashell Sadith; Valencia Zúñiga, César

    2017-01-01

    xv, 148 h. : il. ; 30 cm. El presente documento propone el Planeamiento Estratégico del Sector de Comercio Automotriz de Vehículos Ligeros de vehículos ligeros en el Perú. Para ello, se han desarrollado 10 capítulos de manera metódica y según la teoría propuesta por D’Alessio (2013), con el objetivo de facilitar e incrementar el comercio automotriz de vehículos ligeros de vehículos ligeros y la producción de autopartes; teniendo en cuenta que el Perú no es un país productor,...

  10. PRAPRAG: software para planejamento racional de máquinas agrícolas PRAPRAG: software for rational planning of agricultural machines

    OpenAIRE

    Erivelto Mercante; Eduardo G. de Souza; Jerry A Johann; Antonio Gabriel Filho; Miguel A Uribe-Opazo

    2010-01-01

    O software PRAPRAG é uma ferramenta de escolha de máquinas e implementos agrícolas que apresentam o menor custo por área ou por quantidade produzida, bem como, faz o planejamento de aquisição das máquinas para a propriedade agrícola, do ponto de vista técnico e econômico. Foi utilizada a linguagem de programação Borland Delphi 3.0 e, a partir de prospectos das máquinas e implementos, criou-se um banco de dados onde o usuário pode cadastrar e modificar suas características de uso. O software m...

  11. Plano amostral em parcelas de milho para avaliação de atributos de espigas Sampling plan in corn plots to evaluate ear characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Newton Martin

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Em experimentos agrícolas, a amostragem é importante para reduzir os custos e a mão-de-obra, embora devam possuir características que confiram precisão experimental adequada. O objetivo do trabalho foi determinar uma metodologia para se amostrar parcelas e sub-parcelas experimentais de milho, quando o objetivo é avaliar atributos morfológicos e de rendimento avaliados nas espigas. O experimento foi realizado, no Departamento de Fitotecnia da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, com quatro bases genéticas de milho (híbrido simples - DAS 9560; híbrido duplo - AG 303; híbrido triplo - AG 6018; variedade cultivada - BR 202. O delineamento usado foi blocos completos casualizados com quatro repetições. A parcela foi constituída de 96 sub-parcelas de um metro. Em cada parcela, amostraram-se as espigas de cinco sub-parcelas. Foram avaliados o comprimento, o diâmetro, o rendimento de grãos e a massa de cem grãos de cada espiga. Concluiu-se que o tamanho da amostra nas parcelas de milho está relacionado ao atributo a ser avaliado nas espigas. Existem interferências genéticas e ambientais sobre a magnitude da estimativa do tamanho da amostra de espigas de milho. Pode-se amostrar 24 espigas por parcela, em seis repetições por genótipo, para avaliar os atributos comprimento e largura de espigas, rendimento de grãos e massa de cem grãos, para obter uma semi-amplitude do intervalo de confiança abaixo de 10% da média.In agricultural experiments good sampling techniques are important to reduce costs and labor, and guarantee adequate experimental precision. The objective of this research was to study a sampling methodology of experimental plots to evaluate morphologic characteristic and corn yield in maize spikes. Single (DAS 9560, double (AG 6018 and triple (AG 303 crosses corn hybrids and an open pollinated variety (BR 202 were ev aluated. The experiment design was a randomized complete block with four replications and was conducted

  12. Introduction - language planning: where have we been? where might we be going? Introdução - planejamento linguístico: onde estivemos? para onde poderíamos ir?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard B. Baldauf Jr

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a brief overview of the development and state of language policy and planning and examines some of the directions that language planners have been taking to engage with issues of importance to their discipline. The papers in this volume of RBLA are linked to the overview and the directions being taken by scholars in the field.Este artigo apresenta um panorama do desenvolvimento e do estado da área de políticas e planejamento linguístico e examina algumas das direções que seus praticantes têm tomado para engajar-se com questões relevantespara sua disciplina. Os artigos deste volume daRBLA são vinculados com tal panorama e com as direções tomadas pelos pesquisadores da área.

  13. CARACTERIZACIÓN GEOMORFOLÓGICA, AMENAZAS NATURALES Y RESTRICCIONES DE USO DE LA TIERRA EN ESPARZA, COSTA RICA: UN ENFOQUE DE ORDENAMIENTO TERRITORIAL PARA EL PLAN REGULADOR DEL CANTÓN

    OpenAIRE

    Arroyo González, Luis Nelson

    2011-01-01

    Resumen: Este artículo constituye parte del diagnóstico físico-ambiental que se redactó como uno de  los componentes del Plan Regulador de Esparza.   Mediante el acopio de informes  técnicos, mapas  temáticos,  fotos  aéreas  y  trabajo de  campo,  se  caracteriza,geológica  y  geomorfológicamente  el  sector.    En  este  último  apartado  se  identifican veintiséis geoformas   que   son objeto de un cuidadoso análisis para identificar no solo los  tipos de amenazas naturales que hacen vulne...

  14. Factores asociados a la situación económica actual de los migrantes que han retornado de España a la ciudad de Ibarra. Propuesta Alternativa: Plan de negocio para implantar un Hostal en el sector del Terminal de la ciudad de Ibarra.

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade Salazar, Gina Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    Determinar los elementos de la situación económica, en el caso de los migrantes ecuatorianos que retornaron a Ibarra en el 2011, para conocer su situación actual. Elaborar un plan de negocio para implantar una hostal en el sector del terminal de la ciudad de Ibarra, y fomentar el desarrollo productivo desde la iniciativa privada. El presente proyecto es un estudio de factibilidad para la creación de un hostal en el sector de la Terminal Terrestre de la ciudad de Ibarra. Ibarra, es un cantó...

  15. Sistema de informação geográfica para mapeamento da renda líquida aplicado no planejamento da agricultura irrigada Algorithm to mapping net income applied in irrigated agriculture planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson A. Silva

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi desenvolver um algoritmo na linguagem computacional MATLAB para aplicações em sistemas de informações geográficas, visando ao mapeamento da renda líquida maximizada de cultivos irrigados. O estudo foi desenvolvido para as culturas do maracujá, da cana-de-açúcar, do abacaxi e do mamão, em área de aproximadamente 2.500 ha, localizada no município de Campos dos Goytacazes, norte do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Os dados de entrada do algoritmo foram informações edafoclimáticas, funções de resposta das culturas à água, dados de localização geográfica da área e índices econômicos referentes ao custo do processo produtivo. Os resultados permitiram concluir que o algoritmo desenvolvido se mostrou eficiente para o mapeamento da renda líquida de cultivos irrigados, sendo capaz de localizar áreas que apresentam maiores retornos econômicos.The objective of this work was to develop an algorithm in MATLAB computational language to be applied in geographical information systems to map net income irrigated crops to plan irrigated agriculture. The study was developed for the crops of passion fruit plant, sugarcane, pineapple and papaya, in an area of approximately 2,500 ha, at Campos dos Goytacazes, located at north of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The algorithm input data were: information about soil, climate, crop water response functions, geographical location and economical cost indexes of the productive process. The results allowed concluding that developed algorithm was efficient to map net income of irrigated crops, been able to locate areas that present larger economical net income.

  16. Methodology for the electric energy distribution systems planning of small and rural zones of Comision Federal de Electricidad; Metodologia para la planeacion de sistemas de distribucion de energia electrica de zonas pequenas y rurales de Comision Federal de Electricidad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ochoa Gomez, Miguel Armando

    2008-12-15

    y Tepic, y la tipo I son predominantemente rurales como las Zonas Zapotlan y Los Altos, en el estado de Jalisco. Por el costo y numero de obras que son autorizadas para su construccion en las Zonas de Distribucion Rurales (Tipo I), se debe asegurar que estas obras sean realmente las necesarias para satisfacer la demanda de potencia dentro de los compromisos de calidad y con la mejor economia en el tiempo. De lo contrario, existe una gran posibilidad de construir obras costosas y que poco ayudaran a resolver la problematicas del sistema de distribucion. Aunque anualmente se revisa y actualiza el Presupuesto de Inversiones de Operacion (PIO), y el Programa de Obras de Inversion del Sector Electrico (POISE), se ha dado el caso de que en algunas ocasiones se construyen obras donde no se aplicaron todos los pasos del Proceso de Planeacion o que el analisis fue insuficiente, siendo muy probable que se hayan cometido alguno o varios de los siguientes tipos de errores: a) asignacion de los procesos a obras que no son necesarias en el corto plazo. b) construir una obra no util o de poca utilidad provoca que no se construyan obras con mayor rendimiento. c) la priorizacion de las obras no es la mas adecuada. d) tener una vision de largo plazo, para que las obras que se construyan en el corto plazo sean utiles en el plan de largo plazo. e) algunas obras se construyen antes del momento en el que se obtendran los maximos beneficios y lo que es peor, que algunas obras se planean cuando ya ocurrio el problema. f) en algunas obras existen deficiencias en el diseno, especialmente en el sobredimensionamiento de las instalaciones. g) Por el contrario, existen algunas instalaciones que se saturan en el corto plazo. h) en la planeacion no se consideran aspectos o riesgos que se convertiran en problemas en el proceso de construccion, como es el de afectacion a terceras personas, impacto ambiental, derechos de paso o intereses politicos. i) cuando se planean las obras no se considera el

  17. Investigación, planificación y desarrollo en zonas ecoturísticas. Caso de estudio: Plan de desarrollo ecoturístico para la zona de los macizos de Mamapacha y Bijagual (Boyacá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Ciri León

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación hace parte del programa ambiental y del subprograma de inversiones ambientales financiado por el BID en convenio con Fonade–Corpochivor. Su principal objetivo fue diseñar, con participación comunitaria, el Plan de Desarrollo Ecoturístico para los macizos de Mamapacha y Bijagual, acorde con la cultura local, su condición social y económica y sostenibilidad. Además, se sensibilizó a la comunidad residente en temas como la conservación de los recursos naturales y se evaluaron en conjunto alternativas viables para el desarrollo económico y rural de la región jurisdicción de las corporaciones regionales Corpochivor y Corpoboyacá. Se estableció que el ecoturismo puede ser a mediano y largo plazos una opción válida ambiental y económicamente. Así mismo, se desarrollaron talleres de capacitación, los cuales se concertaron en reuniones comunitarias y de donde surgió la necesidad de capacitar a la población en la organización de empresas de trabajo asociativo con énfasis en ecoturismo, diseño y promoción de paquetes turísticos y servicios de guías.

  18. Avaliação do Plano Nacional de Educação 2001-2009: questões para reflexão Assessment of the 2001-2009 national plan for education: food for thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Angela Da S. Aguiar

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O artigo avalia os esforços e as ações dos entes federados para alcançar os objetivos e as metas que foram definidas no Plano Nacional de Educação (PNE 2001-2010, considerando o contexto sócio-político brasileiro. Localiza o PNE no centro das disputas de projetos sócio-educacionais, discutindo os principais desafios para a operacionalização das metas estabelecidas. Por fim, aponta avanços e limites do PNE que devem ser considerados na formulação do novo PNE (2011-2020, na perspectiva da construção de uma educação cidadã.This paper assesses the efforts and actions of the three federal levels to reach the objectives and goals defined by the 2001-2010 National Plan for Education (NPE, considering the Brazilian socio-political context. It locates the NPE at the centre of the socio-educational project disputes by discussing the main challenges to concretize its established goals. It finally points out the NPE advances and limits that should be considered to formulate the new 2011-2020 NPE in order to build a citizenship education.

  19. Lineamientos de un plan estratégico para el mejoramiento de la calidad del servicio brindado en el Hospital Militar Central de Lima

    OpenAIRE

    Cabrera Rioja, Luis Alberto

    2007-01-01

    El presente estudio, realizado en el Hospital Militar Central (HMC) de Lima, está dirigido al diseño de los lineamientos de un plan estratégico que permita formular la misión y visión del HMC, analizar el entorno e intorno organizacional y formular objetivos estratégicos orientados al mejoramiento continuo de la calidad del servicio. A fin de superar las dificultades económicas, logísticas y de personal que afronta actualmente el Hospital Militar Central, debido a los recortes presupuestales ...

  20. Fundamentos para la clasificación de plantas en el Plan de Estudio D de las carreras pedagógicas

    OpenAIRE

    Isidro Eduardo Méndez Santos; Alejandro Hernández Peña; Julio Rifá Télle

    2012-01-01

    RESUMEN Se expone y fundamenta el sistema taxonómico a utilizar en la disciplina Botánica, correspondiente a las carreras de Biología – Geografía y Biología – Química, del Plan de Estudio D, que se imparte en las universidades de ciencias pedagógicas de la República de Cuba. Basis for classification of plants in the D Curriculum teaching careers ABSTRACT The taxonomic system to be used for the teaching of Botany in the Syllabus D, that is implemented in the pedagogical universitie...

  1. Selección del país objetivo para un plan de internacionalización de teja de arcilla desde Colombia 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Saabedra Vega, Andrew Stephan; Suarez Daza, Ricardo Esteban

    2013-01-01

    A partir del conocimiento que se posee referente al desarrollo de las ladrilleras del sector de Nemocón y las herramientas y disciplinas aplicables al estudio de un plan de internacionalización, se determina desarrollar el siguiente proceso. En primer lugar, a partir de la necesidad de diagnosticar un análisis del sector ladrillero en Nemocón Cundinamarca, se hace indispensable utilizar herramientas de la línea de estrategia. Se requiere de un estudio matricial del comportamiento del sector c...

  2. Plan estratégico de marketing del Cenfotur para la carrera especializada de Guía Oficial de Turismo

    OpenAIRE

    Doig Alberdi, Sandra Patricia G.

    2012-01-01

    Propone un plan de marketing de una nueva oferta educativa que permita el incremento en un 100% del número de alumnos de la carrera de guía oficial de turismo en un año. Este nuevo enfoque responde a la especialización temática y capacitación por competencias laborales con certificación progresiva, profesores especialistas en el campo. Además de priorizar el posicionamiento institucional. Trabajo de investigación

  3. Plan de investigación: Prototipo robótico multisensorial para la ayuda a la movilidad controlada de personas invidentes

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Victoria, Florasela Josefa

    2017-01-01

    En nuestro Plan de Investigación se espera presentar prototipo de interfaz robótica capaz de ser usado en personas invidentes, “de tal manera que la forma en que éste se media con el invidente, permita establecer un lazo o vínculo de colaboración".(Herr, 2016). Por lo cual, ”comprendemos que las principales dificultades de la robótica en el entorno asistencial residen pues básicamente en la dificultad de programar un gran número de operaciones distintas, en un entorno que no puede estar rlgid...

  4. Diseño de un plan de gestión de recursos humanos basado en competencias para la Defensoría del Pueblo Matriz Quito

    OpenAIRE

    Bedoya Vinueza, Luis Enrique

    2011-01-01

    Toda organización tiene como su mejor recurso a sus trabajadores, sea esta pública o privada; sin embargo, en nuestro país al estar tan deteriorada la imagen del sector público se puede afirmar que es mucho más importante enfocar la importancia del recurso humano y como obtener el mayor provecho del mismo. Un plan de gestión “basado en competencias” indica colocar al personal en el área en el cual se va a obtener mejor beneficio de sus habilidades, destrezas, aptitudes; p...

  5. Hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP) program implementation possibility during the preparation of lettuce salad served at State University of Londrina university restaurant/
    Possibilidade de implementação de um programa de análise de perigo e pontos críticos de controle (APPCC) na preparação de salada de alface no restaurante universitário da Universidade Estadual de Londrina

    OpenAIRE

    Massami Shimokomaki; Clarice Fujiko Yonemitsu; Rosicler Balduino Nogueira; Simone Palma Favaro

    2001-01-01

    The possibility of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points – HACCP- system implementation was evaluated at University Restaurant (UR) of State University of Londrina (UEL). A study was designed to assure the safety of vegetables served as raw salad. Lettuce salad was taken as example. After checking the Good Manufacturing Practice it was verified further that UR presented the necessary conditions to allow the HACCP system implementation for this product. The chemical, physical and biologi...

  6. Protocol for adaptation of internal dosimetry techniques for planning of individualized doses of {sup 131}I in pediatric patients; Protocolo para adaptacao de tecnicas de dosimetria interna para planejamento de doses individualizadas de {sup 131}I em pacientes pediatricos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biancardi, Rodrigo

    2011-07-01

    The optimization of radiation doses is emphasized in diseases with good prognosis, as differentiated thyroid carcinomas, especially in pediatric patients, since the radiation risk is conversely proportional to age. Aiming to establish individual treatment planning, it has been studied four dosimetry methodologies (external dose monitoring, image quantification, urine and blood bioassay) for four 13.3 {+-} 1.5-year-old female patients, who received 107 {+-} 15 MBq (2,9 {+-} 0,4 mCi) for tracer dose and 5.5 {+-} 0.3 GBq (149 {+-} 8 mCi) for thyroid ablation. Effective half-lives, residence times and cumulated activities were estimated in organs and tissues with iodine uptake, through planar images quantification by conjugate-view and attenuation correction, in order to compare biokinetic behavior in tracer dose and ablative dose phases. For external monitoring, two patients had similar whole-body effective half-lives in both phases. For this methodology, despite the uncertainties associated to measurements, equipment used and procedures performed were adequate. For urine bioassay, there were not similarities among the patients whole-body effective half-lives. Through blood bioassay, it was observed that 0.2 % of the administered activity for ablative dose remained in the blood until 76 hours after administration. The external monitoring allowed estimating effective doses in patients mothers by conversion of the environmental equivalent dose. In the ablative dose phase, the effective doses resulted in 1.3 {+-} 0.3 mSv in the hospital and 0.3 {+-} 0.1 mSv in patients houses. (author)

  7. Model for negotiation on contingency plans for distribution of natural gas; Modelo de negociacao para planos de contingencia energetica na area de gas natural

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sobral, Marcos Felipe Falcao; Morais, Danielle Costa [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The high consumption of Natural Gas (NG), the environmental and economic turbulences that occurred in recent years raises questions about the supply of the product in critical situations. Characteristic factors of natural gas, like the high cost of storage, show the need for the establishment of contingency plans that define what procedures should be adopted in the distribution of Natural Gas or redistribute among consumers in times of restriction of supply, substantial increase on demand or reduction in the ability of supply. These plans aim to define in advance the actions that will be adopted, providing business and consumer segments clear rules indicate the time to search for alternative sources in case of crisis. The current models can not yet address the problem of negotiation for the division of the product following the concepts proposed by the science of trading, making things like proportionality and envy-free are not observed. The aim of this study is to propose a model for distribution of quotas for supply of NG between different consumer segments. The proposed algorithm combines the procedures of Knaster, Steinhaus and Divide the Dollar, seeking an allocation that minimize the feeling of jealousy and provide an equitable distribution. (author)

  8. Experiences in planning and response for the radiological emergencies in a radioactive facility; Experiencias en la planificacion y respuesta para las emergencias radiologicas en una instalacion radiactiva

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amador B, Z.H.; Perez P, S.; Torres B, M.B.; Ayra P, F.E. [Centro de Isotopos, Ave. Monumental y Carretera La Rada, Km. 3, Guanabacoa, Apartado 3415, Ciudad de La Habana (Cuba)]. e-mail: dsr@centis.edu.cu

    2006-07-01

    It is internationally recognized the importance of the planning and the assurance for the effective response to the radiological emergencies. In the work those experiences on this thematic one in the Isotopes Center (CENTIS), the radioactive facility where the biggest radioactive inventory is manipulated in Cuba are presented. Due to CENTIS is also the sender and main transport of radioactive materials, it is included this practice. The revision of the abnormal situations during the years 1997 at the 2005, starting from the classification adopted by the Regulatory Authority of the country is carried out. Its are register the details of these occurrences in the Radiological Events Database (BDSR). A correspondence among the radiological impact evaluated in the Emergency Plan for the possible events and that of the registered ones is obtained. The complete training programs and realization of the exercises are carried out. Those results of 3 mockeries made to full scale are picked up. It was concluded that the operational experience and the maintained infrastructure, determine the answer capacity for radiological emergencies in the CENTIS. (Author)

  9. Plan y proyecto territorial en las Comarcas Centrales de Cataluña: Herramientas de ordenación para una nueva escala de ciudad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Elinbaum

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available La ordenación del territorio catalán se regula mediante un marco legal que disocia el planeamiento urbanístico del regional. No obstante, los responsables del Programa de Planeamiento Territorial de la Generalitat (2003-2010 reformulan la interrelación instrumental entre ambos sistemas legales, apoyándose en un nuevo modelo de referencia para las múltiples escalas territoriales. Mediante el análisis de cuatro planes concurrentes en un mismo territorio (la subregión de las Comarcas Centrales de Cataluña, pretendemos definir la complementariedad proyectual entre los elementos de ordenación de dos niveles de planeamiento. El resultado se sintetiza en dieciocho variables temáticas y de ordenación que determinan la especificidad del proyecto territorial. La articulación proyectual entre ambos niveles de planeamiento permite considerar el territorio regional como una ciudad, al menos como un espacio integrado, aunque con diferentes intensidades de urbanidad.

  10. Plan de Acción para la Educación Antidopaje de los Peloteros Pinareños de la Liga de Desarrollo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raciel Lezcano Valdes

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Debido al creciente grado de competitividad y a la frecuencia de las competiciones de alto nivel, el dopaje se ha convertido en una de sus mayores lacras. Por ello, muchos organismos nacionales e internacionales han tomado medidas preventivas para evitarlo, como la elaboración de listas de productos prohibidos. Sin embargo, el contenido de éstas varía según los países, las federaciones y las instancias de cada deporte que las redactan. El Comité Olímpico Internacional (COI se ha encargado de establecer unas normativas generales y categorías de productos dopantes comunes. El uso de las sustancias prohibidas en el listado del Comité Olímpico Internacional dentro del béisbol es tan antiguo como en otras especialidades deportivas aunque con algunas especificidades. Inicialmente suscriptos a los grande círculos del béisbol profesional norteamericano, en la actualidad amenaza con generalizarse a otras ligas y categorías, principalmente en atletas juveniles y universitarios, que por medio de ellos intentan ingresar al gran espectáculo.

  11. Compulsory equal opportunities plans: Advantages of equal opportunities between women and men for companies Planes de igualdad por ley: Ventajas de la igualdad de oportunidades entre mujeres y hombres para las empresas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Tura-Solvas

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The Equal Opportunities Spanish Law (from 2007, establishes that those companies with more than 250 workers have to design and implement an equal opportunities plan between women and men. Since the “cost-benefit” relation of equal opportunities has not been yet studied, companies have to convince themselves about the convenience of designing and adopting an equal opportunities plan by means of non quantitative reasons. In this paper the main advantages of equal opportunities for companies are discussed, and some criteria are offered for its application.La Ley de Igualdad Efectiva de mujeres y hombres, aprobada en España en 2007, establece la obligatoriedad de elaborar e implantar planes de igualdad de oportunidades a aquellas empresas con más de 250 trabajadores. La relación “coste-beneficio” de la igualdad de oportunidades (relación entre el nivel de igualdad de oportunidades en una empresa y sus resultados es un tema que no ha sido aún explorado y, por ello, las empresas deben autoconvencerse de la conveniencia de implantar planes de igualdad por medio de argumentos no cuantitativos. En este artículo se discuten las principales ventajas que puede ofrecer a las empresas la igualdad de oportunidades entre mujeres y hombres y se ofrecen criterios y herramientas para su aplicación.

  12. The implementation and effects of HACCP management principle in the unit concentratedly disinfected tableware%HACCP管理原则在餐具集中消毒单位的实施与效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张东生; 冯少雄

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE By implementing HACCP management in the unit concentratedly disinfected tableware,to standardize the self-discipline behavior of enterprise and improve the sanitary quality of disinfecting the tableware,in order to provide theoretical basis of supervision work.METHODS According to HACCP management principle,selected twenty disinfection enterprises,analysed influencing factors of sanitation quality of disinfecting tableware,implemented HACCP management tin washing and disinfection processed,inspected other processed.RESULTS Critical control points are washing,soaking,heat temperature disinfection,packaging selection,self-inspection,storage and transport; after implemention of HACCP management,qualified rates of recovery of tableware,removal of the residue,washing,soaking,machine cleaning,high temperature disinfection,packaging selection,self-inspection,storage and transport,staff management,management system in processed increased significantly (P < 0.01),qualified rate of inspection on sensory index increased significantly (P < 0.01),disinfection effect of dishes and chopsticks and qualified rate of washing agent residual increased significantly (P < 0.01).CONCLUSION The application of HACCP management principles in the unit concentratedly disinfected tableware is feasible.HACCP management measures are important means of long-term effective management mechanisms in enterprise.%目的 在餐具集中消毒单位推行HACCP管理,规范企业自律行为,提高消毒餐具卫生质量,为监督工作提供理论依据.方法 按HACCP管理原则,选取具有一定规模的消毒企业20家,分析影响消毒餐具卫生质量各种因素,确定清洗消毒工艺流程实施HACCP管理,其他流程实施专项整治检查.结果 关键控制点是清洗浸泡、高温消毒、拣选包装、自行检验、储藏运输;实施HACCP管理计划后,餐具回收、残渣清除、清洗浸泡、机洗过清、高温消毒、拣选包装、自行检验、储

  13. La consulta popular com a mecanisme per revitalitzar l’urbanisme democràtic - Popular Consultation as a Way to Revitalize Democratic Urban Planning - La consulta popular como mecanismo para revitalizar el urbanismo democrático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Llorens Ferrer

    2013-06-01

    the Generalitat of Catalonia in urban planning matters, as well as the presence of supra-interests.En el contexto actual de grave crisis económica, en el ámbito inmobiliario y urbanístico, han visto la luz muchas arbitrariedades por la realización de proyectos ilegales o insostenibles que han inundado de desconfianza a la sociedad. La participación ciudadana realizada a través del trámite de información pública en el procedimiento de aprobación de los planes urbanísticos, es una formalidad procedimental que no ha satisfecho las necesidades de democratización del urbanismo, pero la consulta directa a los ciudadanos puede permitir conocer la opinión de los ciudadanos, esencial para guiar la toma de decisiones discrecionales en el seno de la Administración. El referéndum es un instrumento de difícil aplicación, pero la consulta no refrendaria, se presenta como una herramienta eficaz para satisfacer los requerimientos de mayor profundización en materia de democracia participativa en el urbanismo. Con este escenario, se analiza la consulta urbanística, con especial atención al ámbito material que puede abarcar, teniendo en cuenta la concurrencia competencial entre el municipio y la Generalitat de Cataluña en la planificación urbanística, así como la presencia de intereses supramunicipales.

  14. A stochastic approach to long term operation planning of hydrothermal systems; Uma abordagem estocastica para o planejamento a longo prazo da operacao de sistemas hidrotermicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrade, Marinho G. [Sao Paulo Univ., Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Ciencias Matematicas; Soares, Secundino; Cruz Junior, Gelson da; Vinhal, Cassio D.N. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia Eletrica

    1996-01-01

    This paper is concerned with long term operation of hydro-thermal power systems. The problem is approached by a deterministic optimization technique coupled to an inflow forecasting model in open-loop feedback framework in monthly basis. The paper aims to compare the solution obtained by this approach and Stochastic Dynamic Programming (SDP), which has been accepted for over than two decades as the better solution to deal with inflow uncertainty in long term planning. The comparison was carried out in systems with a single plant, simulating the operation throughout a period of five years under the historical inflow conditions and evaluating the cost of the complementary thermal generation. Results show that the proposed approach can handle uncertainty as effectively as SDP. Furthermore, it does not require modeling simplification, such as composite reservoirs, to deal with multi hydro plant systems. 10 refs., 1 tab.

  15. Strategic optimization model and area planning for oil spill response; Modelo de otimizacao estrategico e de planejamento de area para resposta a derramamentos de oleo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa, Luiz Rodolfo Tinoco Aboim; Ferreira Filho, Virgilio Jose Martins [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE). Programa de Engenharia de Producao

    2004-07-01

    This paper deals with strategic aspect of the oil spill response problem, that is, with the problem of deciding where to locate adequate capability to respond to potential oil spills. In addition to locational considerations, the strategic oil spill response problem generally calls for decisions concerning the proper levels and types of equipment to be stockpiled, as well as for policies regarding the allocation of such capability among points of high oil spill potential. The oil spill optimization models can contribute with contingency plans that are prepared by responsible parties . It is described one model that address current legal requirements, in particular, the time-phasing of response, and the use of this model as a decision support by responsible parties. (author)

  16. Fundamentos para la clasificación de plantas en el Plan de Estudio D de las carreras pedagógicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isidro Eduardo Méndez Santos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Se expone y fundamenta el sistema taxonómico a utilizar en la disciplina Botánica, correspondiente a las carreras de Biología – Geografía y Biología – Química, del Plan de Estudio D, que se imparte en las universidades de ciencias pedagógicas de la República de Cuba. Basis for classification of plants in the D Curriculum teaching careers ABSTRACT The taxonomic system to be used for the teaching of Botany in the Syllabus D, that is implemented in the pedagogical universities of the Republic of Cuba, for the specialties: Biology - Geography and Biology - Chemistry, is shown.

  17. GIS as a practical and powerful tool for gas pipeline design and planning; GIS como ferramenta pratica e poderosa para projeto e planejamento de gasodutos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Sidney P. [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2005-07-01

    Gas pipeline design and planning requires the management of huge quantity of information related to environmental, socio-economic and engineering data. To optimize the design process and guarantee a high level of quality and reliability a GIS solution was implemented that proved to be worth taking and adopted the state of the art of the technology available in the market. This paper will present the GIS solution implemented at PETROBRAS Gas and Energy based on APDM, a pipeline data model that is a result of a joint work that has been developed by specialized worldwide oil and gas companies. Two applications developed in house will also be presented, one is the application called Scenario Builder that is related to gas pipeline thermo-hydraulic simulation fully integrated with GIS technology and the other is called Project Viewer that provides different ways of having quick access and visualization of the existing and ongoing projects. (author)

  18. Activities for turbine maintenance: planning, implementation and evaluation of inspection results; Actividades para el mantenimiento de la turbina: planificacion, ejecucion y evaluacion de resultados de las inspecciones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azcue, J.; Sanchez, M. A.; Alvaro, M.

    2014-04-01

    The article will cover the most significant aspects of how Tecnatom carry out the turbine maintenance work, both from the point of view of the inspection itself as the pre-and post tasks associated. Thus, the issues that will be part of the article are the Manual Inspection Service (MISI) and the inspection database, ISI WEB. These tools are essential for planning field work and serve as a guide to run later turbine inspections in different plants. Following this introduction the inspection teams and the techniques used by Tecnatom will be described. finally, the article will contain a small mention about management studies of life and integrity analysis of the turbine that can be performed, as well as involvement in its safe operation that is derived from them. Ultimately, the intention is to provide a comprehensive approach to the issue in question, the turbine maintenance work, so that the reader can get an ideal of the whole process. (Author)

  19. Plan de investigación: Entornos Virtuales de Simulación para Formación Médica

    OpenAIRE

    Gónzalez Izard, Santiago

    2017-01-01

    En este plan de investigación, se analizarán las diferentes oportunidades que ofrecen las tecnologías de Realidad Aumentada y Realidad Virtual al ámbito de la formación en la medicina. Se realizará un estudio con una base fundamental enfocada hacia el aprendizaje de la Anatomía Humana, además de otras aplicaciones orientadas a otras materias como la cardiología, la cirugía, odontología y la radiología. Además, este trabajo de Tesis Doctoral no se limitará únicamente al estudio y análisis d...

  20. Aplicación del sistema HACCP y su influencia en la elaboración de la conserva de olluco por estudiantes del noveno ciclo de ingeniería de alimentos de la Universidad Nacional del Callao

    OpenAIRE

    Bailón Neira, Rodolfo César

    2013-01-01

    El propósito del estudio fue determinar la influencia de la aplicación del sistema HACCP en la elaboración de la conserva de olluco por estudiantes del noveno ciclo de. Ingeniería de Alimentos de la Universidad Nacional del Callao. El diseño de investigación fue cuasiexperimental con un grupo de control. En esta investigación participaron 30 estudiantes de la Escuela Profesional de Ingeniería de Alimentos como grupo experimental, y 30 estudiantes de la Escuela Profesional de Ingeniería Indust...

  1. Methodology of technical analysis to reduce cost in the planning of the works of 'Energy for All' program in Sao Paulo, Brazil; Metodologia de analise tecnica para reducao de custo no planejamento das obras do programa 'Luz para Todos' em Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Betiol Junior, Genesio; Strazzi, Paulo Ernesto; Carmo, Jose R. do; Ribeiro, Fernando Selles [Comissao de Eletrificacao Rural do Estado de Sao Paulo (CERESP), SP (Brazil)

    2006-07-01

    This article relates the development of a research about low cost for rural electrification projects, which have been used like a base to develop a technical analysis in whole projects of the program 'Luz para Todos'. This program was made in 2002 with the purpose to offer electricity for whole people in Brazilian rural area. This method was developed seeking in to achieve cost reduction in the planning made by electric companies in Sao Paulo state. At first, were analyzed the rural electric projects made by electricity companies in the program 'Luz da Terra', in front of to the commitment in achieving cost reduction in the rural electric projects. The program 'Luz da Terra' was made whit a social purpose and it was developed in the whole Sao Paulo state, during 1996 until 2004. One of the main demands to achieve reasonable costs and to allow the program's viability was the previous analyses of rural distribution projects, before them changing to work of electricity, checking out if they had well defined. social, technical and economics methods. For that, were chosen quantitative and non-quantitative indicators, agreement whit a comparative analysis of each company performance in the program 'Luz da Terra', in agreement whit historical series, based on the group of the final result of each distribution electricity project. In a second moment, the same methodology was adjusted to confront the plans data of each company's future works in the program 'Luz para Todos', using the results of the first program. The research allowed the identification of some planner's tendencies when developing from a more rigorous model of low cost, like was the program 'Luz da Terra', to the actual program 'Luz para Todos'. Applied to all companies in the Sao Paulo state, the study served as a support to renegotiate budgets, what provided savings of more than US$ 10,000.000 in a total of 42

  2. O planejamento na educação física escolar: um possível caminho para a formação do novo homem Planning for physical education in schools: A possible path for the education of a new human being El planeamiento de la educación física de la escuela: Una manera posible para la formación de un nuevo hombre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Este texto procura apontar para a importância de se construir um planejamento baseado numa referência de sociedade e de homem. A partir daí, apresenta um exemplo de planejamento para a educação física escolar baseado em uma concepção de sociedade e de homem. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: planejamento – educação física escolar. This text aims at pointing at the importance of plan-making based on a reference of society and of humankind. From this starting point it presents a model of planning for physical education in schools based on a concept of society and of human beings. KEY-WORD: planning – physical education in schools Este texto procura señalar la importancia de construirse una planificación basada en una referencia de sociedad y de hombre. A partir de ello presenta un ejemplo de planificación para la educación física escolar basado en una concepción desociedad y de hombre. PALABRAS-CLAVE: planificación – educación física escolar.

  3. Propuesta de un plan permanente de relaciones públicas para educar adolescentes sobre los riesgos que existen en las redes sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina Gilbert Toral

    2014-06-01

    redes sociales, utilizadas como un medio de comunicación altamente efectivo; hoy en día existe un notorio cambio en la manera en que los adolescentes se relacionan e interactúan entre sí, se evidencia que los niños a temprana edad adquieren dominio sobre las redes sociales y el internet en general, por lo que están expuestos a peligros de tipo psicológico, tales como: ciberbullying, sexting, grooming y morphing. Por lo antes expuesto, y con el fin de incidir de manera positiva en los adolescentes, el presente trabajo de investigación propone la creación de un plan permanente de relaciones públicas, que entre otras actividades conlleva: charlas de psicología, talleres de concientización, la elaboración de un código de conducta online que minimice los riesgos, y finalmente el desarrollo de campañas en internet y medios tradicionales.

  4. El plan de nivelación académica Talentos, una respuesta institucional de educación para la paz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Vergara Varela

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En un contexto social desigual como en el que vive la ciudad de Santiago de Cali, donde gran parte de la juventud se desarrolla en medio de necesidades insatisfechas y altos índices de violencia, son necesarias acciones que permitan generar oportunidades y mejoras en los contextos donde se desarrollan los individuos. Durante la alcaldía de Jorge Iván Ospina (2008-2010, en vista de la situación, se optó por la implementación de una serie de medidas que incidieran no solo en los individuos sino a la vez en sus entornos, surgiendo de esta manera entre sus políticas públicas el plan de nivelación académica Talentos, que tuvo como meta institucional mejorar la formación de los jóvenes, egresados de los planteles del área metropolitana; hecho que se vislumbró en la mejora en las pruebas de Estado Icfes y en el posterior ingreso de un porcentaje de la población tratamiento a la educación superior.

  5. Una clave para la calidad de la institución educativa: Los planes de mejora The plans of improvement: a key for the quality of educational institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Pareja Fernández de la Reguera

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se plantea la relación existente entre los "planes de mejora y las organizaciones educativas que aprenden", además de cómo la calidad educativa no tiene sentido, actualmente, sin su simbiosis. Por otra parte, la paradójica situación generada por el acercamiento de los modelos empresariales de gestión de la calidad, al ámbito educativo, se ve resuelta cuando los planes de mejora se basan en la institución educativa, en la escuela como unidad, pero también en el docente como eje del proceso de cambio. Las innovaciones que se desarrollen deben empezar en el aula, pero deben influir en todos los niveles de la organización. No existirá mejora de la escuela sin decisiones claras sobre el desarrollo y el mantenimiento del proceso. Ha de intentarse equilibrar "el cambio y la estabilidad", o dicho de otro modo, tomar decisiones sobre qué cambios llevar a cabo y cómo relacionarlos entre sí, manteniendo lo bueno y positivo que hay en la escuela sin dejar de responder a la innovación. El éxito de la mejora de la escuela implica adaptar cambios externos a propósitos internos. Así, está demostrado cómo las escuelas que reconocen la consonancia entre prioridades internas propias del centro y las exigencias externas (más propias del contexto sociocultural responden mejor a la reforma educativa.The article talks about the relationship between "plans of improvement and educational organizations that learn", and about how the quality in education does not make sense, at the moment, without their symbiosis. On the other hand, the paradoxical situation generated by the approach of Education to business and quality management models, is solved when the plans of improvement are based on the educational institution, at school as a unit, but also on the teacher as the axis of the process of change. The innovations to be developed should begin at the classroom, but they should affect every level of the organization. No school

  6. Characterization of the diamond detector for commissioning the Eclipse Planning System; Caracterizacao do detector de diamante para comissionamento do Sistema de Planejamento Eclipse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pavan, Guilherme A.; Cardoso, Domingos de O.; Fontes, Gladson S., E-mail: pavanguilherme@gmail.com [Grupo COI, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Servico de Radioterapia; Instituto Militar de Engenharia (IME), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Secao de Engenharia Nuclear SE7

    2017-11-01

    Diamond detectors are an option in the commissioning of linear accelerators, especially in small field measurements due to characteristics such as: small sensitive volume (0.004mm{sup 3}) and low energy dependence, desirable attributes for PDP measurements, output factors and profiles. The purpose of this study was to characterize PTW microDiamond 60019 diamond detector in relation to linearity, dependencies: energy, directional and with dose rate; Besides comparing measurements of PDP, output factors and profiles with some ionization and diode chambers. We also analyzed two models of the Eclipse planning system, performed with data from the commissioning of a TrueBeam accelerator obtained with the CC13 camera and with the diamond. Linearity deviations less than 0.5% were obtained in the range of 50cGy to 20Gy for energies of 6,10 and 15MV. Variations smaller than 0.5% for energy dependence and dose rate and angular dependence less than 0.5% in the axial and polar directions were observed. In the small-field output factors the diamond presented higher relative readings to the chambers: CC13, PintPoint3D and CC01 and similar to the diode. In the PDP it showed superiority in the definition of the buildup and surface regions. In the small field profiles it was shown a better definition of the penumbra in relation to the ionization chambers and in relation to the diode was equivalent, being superior in the tail region of large fields. In both models of Eclipse there were no significant differences for 1%3mm gamma analysis for PDP and profiles, although the diamond presented smaller mean gamma errors. The Collimator Backscatter Factors (CBSF) analysis for the two sets of measures showed differences mainly for small fields. The results of this study indicate that the diamond detector is one of the most versatile on the market in different commissioning situations, especially for small field measurements. (author)

  7. ESTIMACIÓN DE EROSIÓN HIDRICA DE SUELOS PARA PLAN DE MANEJO DEL CAMPO FORESTAL AGUAS FRÍAS, PATAGONIA ARGENTINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana C. Dufilho

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In Argentine Patagonia there exist large extensions of lands degraded by overgrazing, this favours soil water erosion. Two million hectares are eligible for forestation (Gallo et al. 2005, with some environmental limitations that require previous studies to prepare development and sustainability proposals. The study area is located in the right margin of the Litrán River, 25 kms of its estuary in Aluminé Lake (Province of Neuquén. In this area, some Mapuche (araucanian communities carry out stock breeding (mainly goats using a migrating system. This region presents very severe Aeolian and hydrological erosion. The objective of the afforestation management plan of this land, is the design of control measures, to stop erosion, like perimeter close, afforestation and structural measures for controlling erosional gully. It is then necessary, to characterize the actual and potential erosion, that would allow to carry out with measures monitoring to implement controls and mitigation. Paper presents, pedology map by interpreting and georreferencing satellite images by a Geographical Information System. (GIS. The mapping methodology was based in Hierarchical Classification of Landforms, which is the structure of the geopedology focus for mapping soil (Zinck, 1989. The classification of actual erosion was obtained from the method of the Bureau of Land Management (USDI by visual inspection of seven aspects of erosion in surface. The estimation of the potential erosion of the floors of the forest field was carried out utilizing the Universal Soil Lost Equation (USLE and ArcGis 9,2 (ESRI, 2006 to carry out the spatial analysis, obtaining a map of annual soil loss ( tn/has/year with a spatial resolution of 30 m. The application of spatial analysis tools in the study of soil water erosion in Patagonia, Argentina contributes to the objective of defining define a program of development and adequate management, as a function of the state and degree of

  8. Plan maestro de producción basado en programación lineal entera para una empresa de productos químicos || Master Production Scheduling Based on Integer Linear Programming for a Chemical Company

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    Reyes Zotelo, Yunuem

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se propone un modelo de programación lineal entera para planificar la producción de un conjunto de artículos finales con demanda independiente. El modelo para la planificación maestra de producción (PMP está diseñado considerando los costes de producción e inventario, así como las restricciones definidas por el mismo proceso productivo en cuanto a instalaciones y tiempos de producción. El objetivo del modelo propuesto es la minimización de los costes implicados; concretamente, el tiempo ocioso y extra de los recursos, así como la consideración de un nivel mínimo de servicio ligado a la demanda diferida. La validación del modelo considera datos pertenecientes a la demanda de cada producto en un horizonte de 12 semanas y compara cinco escenarios en los que se modifican algunos aspectos del sistema y diferentes niveles de servicio. Por último, los resultados obtenidos para cada uno de los escenarios exponen la mejora obtenida por el modelo propuesto respecto al procedimiento actual en la empresa objeto de estudio. || In this work, we propose an integer linear programming model for production scheduling of a group of finished products with independent demand. The model for the master production scheduling (MPS is designed by considering production and inventory costs, as well as the productive process constraints regarding installations and production times. The aim of the proposed model is the minimization of the costs involved; specifically, undertime and overtime costs of resources, as well as the consideration of a minimum service level related to the deferred demand. The validation of the model considers data belonging to the demand of each product in a 12-week planning horizon and compares five scenarios in which some characteristics of the system and different service levels are modified. Finally, the results obtained for each one of the scenarios expose the improvement obtained by the proposed model with

  9. Experiencia exploratoria con Maestros de Apoyo del Plan Ceibal (Uruguay como insumo para la creación de un Modelo de Alfabetización en Información

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    Lucía Baica Preyones

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta los resultados obtenidos en la experiencia exploratoria de prácticas de búsqueda, selección y evaluación de fuentes de información con Maestros de Apoyo del Plan Ceibal (MAC (Uruguay. La experiencia se realizó dentro del marco del Proyecto “Alfabetización en información y competencias lectoras” que se lleva adelante en el Programa de Desarrollo Académico de la Información y la Comunicación (PRODIC de la Facultad de Información y Comunicación (FIC de la Universidad de la República (UdelaR. Se trabajó con 20 maestros de escuelas públicas de la zona oeste de la ciudad de Montevideo en modalidad de taller, observando el proceso de búsqueda, selección y evaluación de la información realizado por los mismos a partir de una consigna que tomaba como base de la búsqueda temas de actualidad. El objetivo de la experiencia fue sensibilizar a los maestros sobre la importancia de la alfabetización en información y conocer primariamente sus comportamientos en cuanto al vínculo con la información. Los resultados de la experiencia fueron volcados a la construcción de un Modelo de alfabetización en información para el Plan Ceibal. The article presents the results obtained in an exploratory experiment of research, selection and evaluation of information sources. These practices were made with the Plan Ceibal (MAC support teachers (Uruguay. The experiment was carried out within the framework of the “information and reading literacy” program, which is carried out in the Academic Development Program on Information and Communication (PRODIC of the Information and Comunicación Faculty (FIC of the Universidad de la República (UdelaR. The research worked with 20 teachers who came from state schools in the western district of Montevideo and who developed the project in a workshop mode, observing the research, selection and evaluation of the information. These processes were made by the teachers themselves by

  10. Metodologia para implantação de programa de manutenção de um aparelho de facoemulsificação Methodology for implementing a maintenance plan for a phacoemulsification machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wagner Koji Aragaki

    2004-04-01

    manutenção pleno e preditivo desenvolvido para o Legacy 20000™ nos hospitais pesquisados, somente manutenção corretiva. Os itens do manual de manutenção preventiva sugerido para o Legacy 20000™ foram elaborados a partir dos resultados da pesquisa utilizando as ferramentas da manutenção preventiva.PURPOSE: To implement a plan of preventive maintenance developed for users of the phacoemulsification machine. METHODS: In order to implement a maintenance program for a phacoemulsification machine, Alcon's Legacy 20000™ was chosen. Its operating manual was used as a primary search, so that the probability of equipment malfunction or breakdown could be quantified. The maintenance condition of Legacy 20000™ was checked in some hospitals in São Paulo through an interview with the responsible clinical engineers. Surgeons working at the Cataract Sector of UNIFESP (Universidade Federal de São Paulo were asked their opinion about the functioning of Legacy 20000™, in order to indentify the main sources of malfunction. After research had been carried out in hospitals and with the surgeons, a maintenance manual for the Legacy 20000™ was proposed, based on preventive maintenance tools. RESULTS: The analysis regarding error messages showed that most potential problems and corrective measures to be taken are due to problems of connection or fixation of the cables. The Legacy 20000™ main sources of malfunction were identified in the São Paulo Hospital, which had acquired its own piece of equipment. In most cases they were related to broken ultra-sound handpiece, broken electronic and mechanical components, faulty setup and problems of priming, vacuum and aspiration. The interview with the cataract surgeons of the Universidade Federal de São Paulo showed lack of technical knowledge due to their lack of familiarity with the manual and no training regarding equipment functions. CONCLUSIONS: There is no complete plan of preventive maintenance for the Legacy 20000™ in

  11. Internet plan and planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kahriman Emina

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Paper discuss specific features of internet plan as well as planning as management process in general in the contemporary environment. No need to stress out that marketing plan and marketing planning is core activity in approaching to market. At the same time, there are a lot specific c request in preparing marketing plan comparing to business planning due to marketing plan is an essential part. The importance of internet plan and planning rely on specific features of the internet network but as a part of general corporate as well as marketing strategy.

  12. FOOD safety and hygiene - Systematic layout planning of food processes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Donk, DP; Gaalman, G

    2004-01-01

    Hygiene and food safety have been dealt with from different fields of science such as biology and health, and from different angles such as HACCP and GMP. Little systematically ordered knowledge is available for the analysis of a layout, taking hygienic factors into account. HACCP and GMP are

  13. Participación del consejo comunitario de la comunidad negra de Bellavista en la consulta previa para la formulación del plan de manejo ambiental de la central hidroeléctrica del bajo Anchicayá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nixon Arboleda Montaño

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza el proceso de participación que se llevó a cabo en el marco de la consulta previa entre el Consejo Comunitario de la Comunidad Negra de Bellavista (CCCNB, situado en el distrito de Buenaventura y la Empresa de Energía del Pacífico (EPSA con motivo de la formulación del Plan de Manejo Ambiental para la actual operación y mantenimiento la Central Hidroeléctrica del Bajo Anchicayá (Colombia. Se presentan los antecedentes de la evaluación de impacto ambiental en el ámbito internacional y en Colombia, y se explica en qué consiste el proceso de la consulta previa en los proyectos que requieren licencia ambiental. Posteriormente se analizan las etapas del proceso (etapa previa; estudios ambientales y socioeconómicos; identificación y evaluación de impactos ambientales; y construcción de medidas de manejo ambiental y finalmente se analiza el proceso de consulta previa, identificando los valores agregados que pudo generar el proceso.

  14. ParaChoice Model.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heimer, Brandon Walter [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Levinson, Rebecca Sobel [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); West, Todd H. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2017-12-01

    Analysis with the ParaChoice model addresses three barriers from the VTO Multi-Year Program Plan: availability of alternative fuels and electric charging station infrastructure, availability of AFVs and electric drive vehicles, and consumer reluctance to purchase new technologies. In this fiscal year, we first examined the relationship between the availability of alternative fuels and station infrastructure. Specifically, we studied how electric vehicle charging infrastructure affects the ability of EVs to compete with vehicles that rely on mature, conventional petroleum-based fuels. Second, we studied how the availability of less costly AFVs promotes their representation in the LDV fleet. Third, we used ParaChoice trade space analyses to help inform which consumers are reluctant to purchase new technologies. Last, we began analysis of impacts of alternative energy technologies on Class 8 trucks to isolate those that may most efficaciously advance HDV efficiency and petroleum use reduction goals.

  15. Estudio de los factores que intervienen en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del español como segunda lengua en el marco escolar : plan de intervención para alumnos inmigrantes marroquíes de educación secundaria obligatoria

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz López, Belén

    2003-01-01

    Esta investigación se estructura en seis capítulos: en el primero, explicamos los objetivos, la metodología y el plan de investigación adoptado para la realización de la presente tesis; en el segundo presentamos una investigación de corte etnográfico en la que realizamos un estudios del contexto socioeducativo y de la identidad como factores que determinan el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del español como segunda lengua para alumnos inmigrantes marroquíes de Educación Secundaria Obligatori...

  16. Plan de comercialización para el posicionamiento de los productos apícolas (miel de abeja, jalea real y turrón) elaborados por la asociación de apicultores de la parroquia cacha “apica” en los supermercados mayoristas de la ciudad de Riobamba.

    OpenAIRE

    Chérrez Pazmiño, Ángel Yobani

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo del presente estudio fue elaborar un Plan de Comercialización para el Posicionamiento de los productos apícolas (Miel de abeja, Jalea real y Turrón) elaborados por la Asociación de productores apícolas “APICA” en los supermercados de la ciudad de Riobamba, con la finalidad que la empresa incremente el índice de sus ventas y estas generen mayores recursos económicos a los socios. Se realizó el estudio de mercado para determinar las preferencias de consumo de los productos apícolas...

  17. Implantación del módulo de mantenimiento para la gestión de los procesos de un negocio a través de un programa informático ERP (sistema de información Enterprise Resource Planning)

    OpenAIRE

    Martín Goula, Miquel

    2005-01-01

    La implantación del módulo de mantenimiento de un sistema de información ERP (sistema para la gestión de los procesos de un negocio, Enterprise Resource Planning) se divide en tres etapas: 1. Gestión del mantenimiento correctivo mediante el sistema ERP 2. Gestión de los recambios mediante el sistema ERP 3. Gestión del mantenimiento preventivo mediante el sistema ERP Este proyecto se refiere a la implantación del módulo para la gestión del mantenimiento correctivo, y se explican br...

  18. Special Needs: Planning for Adulthood (Videos)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Parents site Sitio para padres General Health Growth & Development Infections Diseases ... Special Needs: Planning for Adulthood (Video) KidsHealth / For Parents / Special Needs: ...

  19. La opinión de los profesionales sanitarios sobre el Plan de Salud de Cataluña: Punto de partida para una reflexión orientada al futuro Health professionals' opinion of the Catalan Health Plan: Basis for a reflexion on the future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Brugulat

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Conocer la opinión de los profesionales sanitarios sobre el Plan de Salud (PS de Cataluña y obtener nuevos elementos para la formulación y gestión de nuevos planes. Diseño: Combinación de metodología cuantitativa y cualitativa. Encuesta postal a personal médico y de enfermería, por muestreo aleatorio polietápico con estratificación. Se obtuvieron 3.223 cuestionarios (tasa de respuesta del 34,1%. Entrevista a una muestra de conveniencia formada por 41 profesionales asistenciales y de la gestión. Mediciones y resultados principales: El PS es conocido por el 78,8% (intervalo de confianza del 95%: ± 1,4 de los profesionales y es valorado positivamente por la mayoría de los consultados. Según el 28,9% (IC del 95%: ± 1,7 de los encuestados que lo conocen, el PS ha tenido repercusiones favorables en su labor diaria, y el 51,8% (IC del 95%: ± 1,9 opina que no ha tenido repercusiones. Se critican aspectos de su elaboración, contenido, difusión y la escasa asignación de recursos específicos. Se observan diferencias por edad, sexo, ámbito asistencial y colectivo profesional. Conclusiones: Es necesaria una mayor implicación de los profesionales en la discusión, diseño e implementación de las propuestas del PS. Se debe avanzar en la identificación de problemas, en el establecimiento de prioridades y en la asignación de recursos. También hay que lograr un mayor compromiso intersectorial y desarrollar estrategias de comunicación específicas para políticos, gestores y profesionales que permitan mejorar la proyección de los objetivos del PS en el sistema sanitario y otros sectores con responsabilidad en el ámbito de la salud. En definitiva, es necesario replantearse el papel del PS en el sistema y, de acuerdo con él, rediseñar los procesos para el establecimiento y aplicación de estrategias de salud.Objectives: To know health professional's opinion of the Health Plan for Catalonia (Spain in order to get news

  20. Integrated planning of resources by hydrographic basins: a proposal of a model for the Brazilian electric sector; Planejamento integrado de recursos por bacias hidrograficas: uma proposta de modelo para o setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorileo, Ivo Leandro; Bajay, Sergio Valdir; Jannuzzi, Gilberto de Martino [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica. Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Planejamento Energetico], Emails: ivo@fem.unicamp.br, bajay@fem.unmp.br, jannuzzi@fem.unicamp.br

    2009-07-01

    This work presents the idea of associating the Resource Integrated Planning (RIP) to the Basin Plans gathering and searching compromising solutions for the three developers: electric power energy, fuel and water, bringing improvements related to the traditional planning processes.