WorldWideScience

Sample records for pilotage

  1. 78 FR 5474 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard [USCG-2013-0029] Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory... Meeting. SUMMARY: The Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee (GLPAC) will meet on February 11, 2013, in..., 2013, after the committee completes its work on the agenda given under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION...

  2. 46 CFR 401.400 - Calculation of pilotage units and determination of weighting factor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... weighting factor. 401.400 Section 401.400 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF... § 401.400 Calculation of pilotage units and determination of weighting factor. The equivalent pilotage... meters) Pilot Unit=(Length×Breadth×Depth)/10,000 (measured in feet) (b) Weighting factor table: Range of...

  3. 78 FR 49544 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee; Vacancies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-14

    .... ADDRESSES: Send your cover letter and resume indicating the membership category for which you are applying... pilotage of vessels on the Great Lakes, and at least 5 years of practical experience in maritime operations..., national origin, political affiliation, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status, disability and...

  4. Regulation and price setting of pilotage services in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos M O Pinto; David J K Goldberg; Bruno Stupello; Christopher W Haley

    2010-01-01

    The Ministry of Ports (SEP) was created in 2007 to improve the efficiency of Brazilian maritime ports and boost international trade. One of the most important and challenging issues that SEP has been dealing with is the pilotage service provision. Although recognized as of good quality, the service is considered to be too expensive and unregulated. This article's objective is to demonstrate that the Brazilian monopolistic and unregulated model is not suitable for a public utility service such...

  5. 75 FR 51191 - Great Lakes Pilotage Rates-2011 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-19

    ... the Great Lakes to generate sufficient revenue to cover allowable expenses, target pilot compensation, and return on investment. The proposed update reflects a projected August 1, 2011, increase in... adjusting the pilotage rates for the 2011 shipping season to generate sufficient revenue to cover allowable...

  6. Les dispositifs de pilotage de la performance en environnement innovant et incertain : étude comparative de huit startups

    OpenAIRE

    François Meyssonnier

    2015-01-01

    Une étude comparative des dispositifs de pilotage de la performance dans huit startups appartenant au même écosystème montre que ces entreprises recourent d’abord au suivi de trésorerie et au compte de résultat de la comptabilité générale puis aux tableaux de bord de production ou commercial et seulement ensuite aux outils classiques du contrôle de gestion que sont les calculs de coûts, le système budgétaire et le tableau de bord de pilotage global. En environnement innovant et incertain, l’i...

  7. Quantifying the Physiological Stress Response to Simulated Maritime Pilotage Tasks: The Influence of Task Complexity and Pilot Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Main, Luana C; Wolkow, Alexander; Chambers, Timothy P

    2017-11-01

    The aim of this study was to quantify the stress associated with performing maritime pilotage tasks in a high-fidelity simulator. Eight trainee and 13 maritime pilots completed two simulated pilotage tasks of varying complexity. Salivary cortisol samples were collected pre- and post-simulation for both trials. Heart rate was measured continuously throughout the study. Significant changes in salivary cortisol (P = 0.000, η = 0.139), average (P = 0.006, η = 0.087), and peak heart rate (P = 0.013, η = 0.077) from pre- to postsimulation were found. Varying task complexity did partially influence stress response; average (P = 0.016, η = 0.026) and peak heart rate (P = 0.034, η = 0.020) were higher in the experimental condition. Trainees also recorded higher average (P = 0.000, η = 0.054) and peak heart rates (P = 0.027, η = 0.022). Performing simulated pilotage tasks evoked a measurable stress response in both trainee and expert maritime pilots.

  8. Visual cues in low-level flight - Implications for pilotage, training, simulation, and enhanced/synthetic vision systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foyle, David C.; Kaiser, Mary K.; Johnson, Walter W.

    1992-01-01

    This paper reviews some of the sources of visual information that are available in the out-the-window scene and describes how these visual cues are important for routine pilotage and training, as well as the development of simulator visual systems and enhanced or synthetic vision systems for aircraft cockpits. It is shown how these visual cues may change or disappear under environmental or sensor conditions, and how the visual scene can be augmented by advanced displays to capitalize on the pilot's excellent ability to extract visual information from the visual scene.

  9. Dimensionnement d’un actionneur pour organe de pilotage à entraînement direct avec redondance passive magnétique

    OpenAIRE

    Allias, Jean-François

    2015-01-01

    Ce manuscrit de thèse, intitulé " Dimensionnement d’un actionneur pour organe de pilotage à entraînement direct avec redondance passive magnétique ", s’inscrit dans un projet ANR du nom de TEMOP pour, TEchnologie Mécatronique pour Organe de Pilotage, en lien avec la société UTC Aerospace de Figeac. L’objectif de cette thèse est de développer une solution de machine électrique permettant de générer le retour d’effort actif d’un mini-manche latéral d’aéronef, dans le but d’améliorer les sensati...

  10. L’intégration du capital humain dans un outil de pilotage de la performance : le cas du tableau de bord stratégique

    OpenAIRE

    Borchani, Manel; Cheffi, Walid

    2005-01-01

    Cette communication examine comment un outil de contrôle de gestion, le tableau de bord stratégique (TdB), permet-il d’intégrer le capital humain dans le pilotage de la performance globale de l’entreprise ? La théorie des ressources (resource based view theory) considère que les Ressources Humaines (RH) sont des ressources internes précieuses pour l’entreprise. Cette théorie établit un lien entre elles, les compétences distinctives et l’avantage concurrentiel durable de l’entreprise. Un tel a...

  11. L'EVOLUTION DU DESIGN DES SYSTEMES DE PILOTAGE DE LA PERFORMANCE DANS LES HOPITAUX : UNE QUETE PERMANENTE DE L'EFFICIENCE ORGANISATIONNELLE

    OpenAIRE

    Rouhana , Rima; Van Caillie , Didier

    2008-01-01

    International audience; Notre communication vise (1) à dresser un historique de l'évolution du design des systèmes de contrôle de gestion (CDG) et, essentiellement, des systèmes de pilotage de la performance (SPP) en contexte hospitalier; (2) à en inférer, dans une perspective contingente, la nature de ses principaux facteurs contingents; et (3) à synthétiser l'ensemble dans un modèle contingent conceptuel permettant de comprendre comment le système de contrôle de gestion des institutions hos...

  12. DEFINITION, MESURE ET PILOTAGE DE LA PERFORMANCE CLIENT-FOURNISSEUR : DES FREINS AU « PARTENARIAT INTERNE » ENTRE ACHETEURS ET OPERATIONNELS ?

    OpenAIRE

    Sebti , Hicham

    2015-01-01

    International audience; Le présent article s’intéresse à la manière dont s’organisent les liens entre les acheteurs et les clients internes autour de la définition, des leviers et des dispositifs de pilotage de la performance client-fournisseur. Nous interrogeons la diversité des représentations de la performance, des activités pour la réaliser et des usages des dispositifs de gestion qui servent de fondement aux interprétations de ce qui est performant et orientent les comportements. Nous so...

  13. Un système de pilotage de la performance publique à dominante managériale : analyse de l'expérience de Dubaï

    OpenAIRE

    Fninou , Bouchra; Meyssonnier , François

    2013-01-01

    Le mode de gestion de l’administration publique de Dubaï est très spécifique. Après avoir présenté les caractéristiques de la cité-État et les facteurs de contingence s’exerçant sur son administration, le système de pilotage de la performance publique de Dubaï, fondé sur les principes du New Public Management est décrit et analysé. L’article montre la cohérence, les apports et les limites de cette démarche emblématique d’une modernisation de l’administration publique fondée sur la culture du ...

  14. Le rôle de l’audit interne dans le pilotage et la performance du système de contrôle interne : cas d’un échantillon d’entreprises algériennes

    OpenAIRE

    Chekroun, Meriem

    2013-01-01

    Les scandales financiers qui ont ébranlé récemment les entreprises publiques algériennes, telle que l’entreprise Sonatrach, ont mis sur le devant de la scène la nécessité de renforcer le système de contrôle interne (SCI) qui est considéré de plus en plus comme une solution à un large éventail de problèmes latents ( les problèmes d’ordre éthique,…), y compris la fonction d’audit interne ayant un rôle prépondérant dans le pilotage et la performance du SCI. Pour ce faire, l’audit ...

  15. Symptoms of fatigue and coping strategies in maritime pilotage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambers, Timothy P; Main, Luana C

    2015-01-01

    Little is known regarding the symptoms of fatigue that maritime pilots experience during shift work. Moreover, the strategies these individuals use to cope with the onset of fatigue are also unknown. The current study explored the symptoms of fatigue and coping strategies experienced by maritime pilots when on-shift. Fifty maritime pilots were recruited via an advertisement in the national association's quarterly newsletter (Mage = 51.42; SD = 9.81). Participants responded to a modified version of the questionnaire used with aviation pilots that assessed overall fatigue, and the symptoms pilots associated with fatigue on duty. Methods pilots used to cope with fatigue before shift and when on the bridge were also assessed. There were significant effects for pilot vitality on 4 categories of fatigue: cognitive dysfunction; emotional disturbance; mean physical effects; and sleepiness. There were no significant effects for vitality on any of the self-reported coping strategy factors. The findings indicated that maritime pilots experience a variety of physical, behavioural, and cognitive fatigue symptoms when on shift. Some of these symptoms are similar to those reported by aviation pilots. However, unlike aviation pilots, maritime pilots reported utilising self-sufficient coping strategies to deal with the experience of fatigue.

  16. 78 FR 38725 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-27

    ... may close early if the committee completes its business. Written material and requests to make oral... business on July 12, 2013, to the contact person listed in FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: below... ``Agenda'' section below. Comments must be submitted in writing no later than July 12, 2013, and must be...

  17. 78 FR 54264 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-03

    ...:00 p.m. Please note the meeting may close early if the committee completes its business. Written... and organization by close of business on September 17, 2013, to the contact person listed in FOR... the committee as listed in the ``Agenda'' section below. Comments must be submitted in writing no...

  18. 77 FR 24729 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-25

    ... its business. Written material and requests to make oral presentations should reach us on or before..., telephone number and organization by close of business on June 1, 2012, to the contact person listed in FOR... below. Comments must be submitted in writing no later than June 1, 2012, and must be identified by [USCG...

  19. 76 FR 24505 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-02

    ... its business. Written material and requests to make oral presentations or to have a copy of your... organization by close of business on May 16, 2011, to the contact person listed in FOR FURTHER INFORMATION... committee as listed in the ``Agenda'' section below. Comments must be submitted in writing no later than May...

  20. 2D navigation and pilotage of an autonomous mobile robot

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Favre, Patrick

    1989-01-01

    The contribution of this thesis deals with the navigation and the piloting of an autonomous robot, in a known or weakly known environment of dimension two without constraints. This leads to generate an optimal path to a given goal and then to compute the commands to follow this path. Several constraints are taken into account (obstacles, geometry and kinematic of the robot, dynamic effects). The first part defines the problem and presents the state of the art. The three following parts present a set of complementary solutions according to the knowledge level of the environment and to the space constraints: - Case of a known environment: generation and following of a trajectory with respect to given path points. - Case of a weakly known environment: coupling of a command module interacting with the environment perception, and a path planner. This allows a fast motion of the robot. - Case of a constrained environment: planner enabling the taking into account of many constraints as the robot's shape, turning radius limitation, backward motion and orientation. (author) [fr

  1. 76 FR 61370 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ... [USCG-2011-XXXX] and may be submitted by one of the following methods: Federal eRulemaking Portal: http... comments related to this notice, go to http://www.regulations.gov , and use ``USCG-2011-XXXX'' as your... . Use ``USCG-2011-XXXX'' as your search term. Dated: September 27, 2011. D. A. Goward, Director Marine...

  2. Balanced Scorecard et Pilotage de la Performance : Cas de la Division Forage

    OpenAIRE

    Abdelkader Baaziz; Mustapha Khelil

    2006-01-01

    " Une entreprise qui ne gagne que de l'argent est bien pauvre ! " disait Henry Ford. Cette phrase résume en fait la philosophie du " Balanced Sorecard ". En 1996, Kaplan et Norton formalisent pour la première fois, le concept de " The Balanced Scorecard ". La traduction française du Balanced Scorecard est " tableau de bord équilibré ", même si les concepteurs insistent sur le fait qu'il n'est pas un simple tableau de bord mais un système intégré de management pour suivre la mise en œuvre de l...

  3. 78 FR 48374 - Great Lakes Pilotage Rates-2014 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... exercising the discretion provided by Step 7 of the Appendix A methodology. The result is an upward... Employee benefits 21,282 14,645 35,927 Payroll taxes 5,032 3,463 8,495 Other taxes 5,042 3,470 8,512 Travel... 262,387 Dispatch expense 6,060 9,090 15,150 Employee Benefits 40,419 60,628 101,047 Payroll taxes 7...

  4. 75 FR 7958 - 2010 Rates for Pilotage on the Great Lakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    .... Abbreviations II. Regulatory History III. Background IV. Discussion of Comments and Changes V. Discussion of the... Office of Management and Budget II. Regulatory History On October 30, 2009, we published a notice of... Co. and Mittal Steel USA, Inc. Both Agreement A and Agreement B provide for a 3% wage increase...

  5. 78 FR 13521 - Great Lakes Pilotage Rates-2013 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-28

    ... for Preamble I. Abbreviations II. Regulatory History III. Basis and Purpose IV. Background V.... United States Code II. Regulatory History On August 1, 2012, we published a notice of proposed rulemaking... Steamship Co. and Mittal Steel USA, Inc., representing approximately 70 percent of tonnage. Table 12...

  6. 77 FR 11752 - 2012 Rates for Pilotage on the Great Lakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-28

    ... for Preamble I. Abbreviations II. Regulatory History III. Basis and Purpose IV. Background V.... Regulatory History On August 4, 2011, we published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) entitled ``2012... vessels operated by American Steamship Co. and Mittal Steel USA, Inc. Agreements A and B both expired on...

  7. 76 FR 6351 - Great Lakes Pilotage: 2011 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ... revenue to cover allowable expenses, target pilot compensation, and returns on investment. This final rule... generate sufficient revenue to cover allowable expenses, target pilot compensation, and return on investment. This increase reflects a projected August 1, 2011, increase in benchmark contractual wages and...

  8. 76 FR 47095 - 2012 Rates for Pilotage on the Great Lakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-04

    ... 34--Rate Multiplier for Basic Rates and Charges in 46 CFR 401.420 and 401.428 Ratemaking projections... made in accordance with a required full ratemaking procedure. They result in an average decrease of... ratemaking at least once every 5 years, and in years when base rates are not established they must be...

  9. 77 FR 45539 - Great Lakes Pilotage Rates-2013 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ... Multiplier for Basic Rates and Charges in 46 CFR 401.420 and 401.428 Ratemaking Projections Total Revenue... and are made in accordance with a required full ratemaking procedure. The proposed update reflects... adjusted each year, not later than March 1. Base rates must be established by a full ratemaking at least...

  10. Culture du résultat et pilotage par les indicateurs dans le secteur public

    OpenAIRE

    Chatelain-Ponroy, Stéphanie; Sponem, Samuel

    2008-01-01

    Depuis 20 ans, la question de la gestion de l’État est au cœur des réformes de l’administration dans tous les pays de l’OCDE. À cet égard, l’introduction d’une culture du résultat et des dispositifs de contrôle de gestion qui l’accompagnent dans l’administration publique telle qu’elle est mise en avant dans la LOLF, si elle peut avoir des effets positifs en termes d’évaluation des politiques publiques et d’incitation des agents, peut aussi engendrer des effets pervers. En la matière, l’expéri...

  11. La gestion par affaire et pilotage de la performance des organisations industrielles

    OpenAIRE

    Pendariees, Michel

    2006-01-01

    International audience; « Dans les systèmes industriels où les produits sont conçus et réalisés en fonction des spécifications des clients, la notion d'affaire est l'entité de base de la gestion industrielle » . Aujourd'hui, la recherche de solutions globales « sur mesure », prime sur la fourniture d'un catalogue de « belles solutions », comme réponse au client. Pour être performante, l'entreprise industrielle doit s'organiser par « affaire ». Ce qui lui permet de mieux s'adapter et maîtriser...

  12. Méthodologies de réglage automatique temps-réel de lois de pilotage

    OpenAIRE

    Ronceray , Lilian

    2009-01-01

    This thesis deals with the tuning of flight control laws for civilian carrier aircraft, during its development phase. Due to the limited representativeness of the models used for the initial tuning, flight control laws may require several flight test iterations to achieve satisfactory performance. It is a long and costly process and the aircraft manufacturer thus wants to shorten it. As we have noticed that flight test data are less used than models, we have designed methodologies allowing a ...

  13. Knowledge Based System Applications for Guidance and Control (Application des Systemes a Base de Connaissances au Guidage-Pilotage)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Zitnet us H-OST PANEL COORDINATOR Mr Carlos A Garriga Lopez Sener Ingenieria y Sistemas SA Space and Defence Division c/ Raimundo Fernadez Villaverde. 65...benefits that he/she can reap by having a companion advisor to aid him/her in doing some of the routine, detailed, or can then allow the expert to work

  14. Amélioration de l'agrément de conduite via le pilotage du groupe motopropulseur

    OpenAIRE

    Tran , Van Nhu

    2013-01-01

    Dual clutch transmission systems were introduced in vehicles to upgrade the driving comfort, the energy economy, and to minimize the shift time. Dual clutch management is a key point when considering driving comfort, particularly during the gearshift. Thus, the main objective of this work is the synthesis of control laws for dual clutch transmission during launch and gearshift. The first chapter presents an overview about vehicle powertrain, modeling and control. The second chapter focuses on...

  15. De l'utilisation de la structure estimation/commande pour le pilotage instationnaire d'un lanceur spatial

    OpenAIRE

    Voinot, Olivier; Alazard, Daniel; Clément, Benoît

    2002-01-01

    Dans cet article, nous nous intéressons au développement de techniques ayant trait à la mise sous forme LQG équivalente de correcteurs stabilisants. Dans un premier temps nous nous concentrerons plus particulièrement sur la transformation de correcteurs issus d'une synthèse Hinfinty. Nous proposons une méthode originale pour effectuer le choix des dynamiques d'estimation et de commande du correcteur équivalent en s'appuyant sur les résultats d'une synthèse H2. Puis nous proposerons une défini...

  16. Cockpit Accommodation Assessment of the Bell 412CF Helicopter (Evaluation du Poste de Pilotage de l’Hellcoptere Bell 412CF)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    des défis en question était d’acheminer de volumineux faisceaux de câbles de chaque côté du tableau de bord principal. Certains de ces...volumineux faisceaux de câbles de chaque côté du tableau de bord principal. Certains de ces faisceaux de câbles ont été acheminés à proximité du...était d’acheminer de volumineux faisceaux de câbles de chaque côté du tableau de

  17. Pilotage de la production décentralisée et des charges non conventionnelles dans le contexte Smart Grid et simulation hybride temps réel

    OpenAIRE

    Mercier , Aurélien

    2015-01-01

    In the electricity distribution network field, because of the electricity market opening and the large-scale insertion of dispersed generators (DJ) in these last years, the network undergoes radical modification in both operation and exploitation. In this context, some new integration solutions are invented in order to be able to connect the DJ, as photo-voltaic panels, micro wind turbines, cogeneration units, etc, and the new loads, as electric vehicles and smart home, without reduce the vol...

  18. La place du management visuel dans le pilotage de la performance globale d'une unité de production pharmaceutique

    OpenAIRE

    Gassmann , Marion

    2012-01-01

    Non disponible / Not available; L'industrie pharmaceutique fait face à de nombreux changements : perte des brevets des blockbusters, augmentation des coûts de la recherche et du développement, pression sur le prix des médicaments, concurrence accrue, évolution du marché vers les pays émergents, durcissement des conditions d'accèsau marché, etc... Ces changements entraînent une progression des coûts, une diminution des marges, et une nécessité d'être compétitif.Au niveau du secteur de la produ...

  19. Pilotage conjoint, à partir des pratiques d'élevage, des caractéristiques de la carcasse et de la viande de bovins

    OpenAIRE

    Soulat , Julien

    2017-01-01

    The beef rearing system could be diversified by their rearing practices (animal categories, breeds, diet composition, grazing duration, etc.) to produce carcasses and beef meat reaching the different market expectations and to satisfy the consumers. The rearing practices were defined as the combinations of many rearing factors, each with its own variability. This diversity of applied rearing practices during the whole life of the animal was one of the causes of the carcass and beef variabilit...

  20. Analysis, Design and Synthesis Methods for Guidance and Control Systems (Les Methodes d’Analyse de Conception et de Synthese Pour les Systemes de Guidage et de Pilotage)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-06-01

    factor anomalies and shifts can also ,. from changes In the gain medium, which ,akes a significant contribution to the optica length of the cavity...felt that this application may be more appropriate for a mature fibra optic gyro system, exhibitin!, a more acceptable cost-performance ratio. A

  1. 46 CFR 403.115 - Accounting period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accounting period. 403.115 Section 403.115 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.115 Accounting period. Each Association subject to this part shall maintain...

  2. 46 CFR 403.110 - Accounting entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accounting entities. 403.110 Section 403.110 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.110 Accounting entities. Each Association shall be a separate accounting...

  3. 46 CFR 403.100 - Applicability of system of accounts and reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... accordance with the guidelines of the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board. These guidelines are available by writing to the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage... PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.100 Applicability of system of accounts and reports. Each...

  4. Software for Guidance and Control: Guidance and Control Panel Symposium (52nd) Held in Helexpo, Thessaloniki, Greece on 7-10 May 1991 (Les Logiciels de Guidage et de Pilotage)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    in frack . Lists, Essential Model Objects, Implamentational Model Because each object in the model is tied to the Objects, Test specifications, etc...structure. hydraulic and even human components, it w. so hamediately Clear now the softwar techeipes could be adapted. Moreover. It was alon felt aeomWto...would be the implementation is anticipated as an analogue, digital, case when one of the monitoring tolerances within the system mechanical, hydraulic

  5. Cycles de vie et événements-ruptures dans la franchise : conséquences sur le pilotage de la relation franchiseur-franchisés. Une approche par le contrat psychologique.

    OpenAIRE

    CHANUT , Odile

    2007-01-01

    What is franchise? It's a beautiful wedding. At first we believe it. Unfortunately in a wedding he ends up having moments of lassitude, moments of disappointment and then arguments. "A network is based on the human relationship, so it remains fragile. Anyway, if a network has problems, it's because the franchisor has failed. A franchisee has no reason to be at war with his franchisor if all goes well. And if it goes wrong is that the franchisor has failed at some point in the relationship, in...

  6. Study of the strategies and controls of fuel cell systems associated with traction; Etude des strategies et des structures de commande pour le pilotage des systemes energetiques a Pile a Combustible (PAC) destines a la traction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lachaize, J.

    2004-09-15

    This work falls into project COPPACE (Contribution to the Control of Embedded Fuel cell) carried out by ALSTOM in partnership with the LEEI-INPT and the CEA and supported by the ADEME. The study deals with the modelling and the control of a Fuel Cell system (flow, pressure, temperature) and the definition of the control laws for the static inverters associated with the traction of power train. We develop then a strategy of management of energy by taking into account the criteria of the hydrogen consumption or energy stored in the ultracaps. Each step is verified by total simulation according to a specific profile of mission and a precise model of fuel cells which has been simplified to reduce the computing time. The control of this system is defined by a separate treatment of the components, to finalize the total function objective. The results of simulations show that the system can follow the requested power while controlling the critical elements. (author)

  7. 46 CFR 401.310 - Application for establishment of pools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (partnership, corporation, etc.). (d) Copies of articles of incorporation, bylaws, partnership agreements, etc... association desire to render pilotage services. (i) An inventory of owned or leased boats, launches, radio...

  8. 75 FR 20809 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-21

    ... hydrographic data and hydrographic services, marine transportation, port administration, vessel pilotage....'' NOAA encourages individuals with expertise in navigation data, products and services; coastal.... NOS collects and compiles hydrographic, tidal and current, geodetic, and a variety of other data in...

  9. Pilot Boarding Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Pilot boarding areas are locations at sea where pilots familiar with local waters board incoming vessels to navigate their passage to a destination port. Pilotage is...

  10. 46 CFR 404.5 - Guidelines for the recognition of expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... to the extent that they conform to depreciation plus an allowance for return on investment (computed... ratemaking purposes. The Director reviews non-pilotage activities to determine if any adversely impact the...

  11. Human Factors Issues for Controlling Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles: Preliminary Findings in Support of the Canadian Forces Joint Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Surveillance Target Acquisition System Project (Incidence des Facteurs Humains sur le Pilotage des Vehicules Aeriens Telepilotes: Constatations Preliminaires a L’Appui du Projet de Systeme Interarmees D’Acquisition D’Objectif au Moyen de Vehicules Aeriens Telepilotes de Surveillance des Forces Canadiennes)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    signal detection theory measures of the user’s sensitivity (d ) and the user’s own criterion ( ) (Macmillan & Creelman , 1991), whereby a drop in arousal...Medical Research Council, H. M. Stationery Office. [67] Macmillan, N. A., & Creelman , C. D. (1991). Detection theory: A user’s guide. New York, NY

  12. Le pilotage et la mesure de l’empreinte sociétale de l’entreprise grâce à la Balanced ScoreCard : entre adaptation et évolution radicale du modèle de Kaplan et Norton

    OpenAIRE

    Crutzen, Nathalie; Van Caillie, Didier

    2007-01-01

    Vu l’intérêt croissant porté par les entreprises aux aspects sociaux et environnementaux, la présente communication propose une revue des principales contributions montrant l’importance et les enjeux de la prise en compte des dimensions sociales et environnementales (de la RSE) dans les systèmes de contrôle de gestion des entreprises. Plus spécifiquement, face aux limites de nombreux outils pour piloter et mesurer adéquatement l’empreinte sociétale des entreprises, ce papier met en évide...

  13. EL ANÁLISIS DE LAS PRÁCTICAS Y EL PILOTAGE DE LAS CONDUCTAS DE ENSEÑANZA: UN ESTUDIO COMPARATIVO DE LOS DISPOSITIVOS DE EVALUACIÓN EN INVESTIGACIÓN Y EN LA FORMACIÓN EN DIDACTICAS DE LA EDUCACIÓN FÍSICA Y DE LAS ARTES PLÁSTICAS

    OpenAIRE

    René Rickenmann; Adrián Córdoba

    2010-01-01

    La evaluación constituye una verdadera problemática en el marco de los análisis sobre los dispositivos de formación acerca de los gestos profesionales de las unidades de enseñanza-aprendizaje en las didácticas de la educación física y/o de las artes plásticas y visuales. Esta depende, tanto de las concepciones generales sobre el rol de la escuela en el desarrollo del niño, como de los aspectos pragmáticos relacionados con las significaciones y con las “maneras” de manejar las actividades e...

  14. Collaboration for Land, Air, Sea, and Space Vehicles: Developing the Common Ground in Vehicle Dynamics, System Identification, Control, and Handling Qualities (La collaboration dans le domaine des vehicules terrestres, aeriens, maritimes et spatiaux: L’etablissement d’une approche commune de la dynamique des vehicules, l’identification des systemes, et les qualite’s de controle et de pilotage)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-11-01

    Sailplanes and X-Rudders, and Type 214 (right) with 79 Bowplanes and a Cruciform Tail Arrangement Figure 4.15 Theseus UUV 80 Figure 4.16 Some...for mine countermeasures and other purposes. A notable example was the 180 km out and back mission performed in 1996 by the cable-laying UUV Theseus ...predetermined response table. 80 Figure 4.15 - Theseus UUV Although autonomous UUVs are finding increasing application, Remotely Operated

  15. 46 CFR 401.425 - Provision for additional pilot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Provision for additional pilot. 401.425 Section 401.425... REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.425 Provision for additional pilot. The... Authority, Ltd., Canada, may require the assignment of two pilots to a ship upon request of the ship or when...

  16. 46 CFR Appendix A to Part 404 - Ratemaking Analyses and Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of the following form: Line Ratemaking projections for basic pilotage 1. + Revenue (from step 3) 2... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ratemaking Analyses and Methodology A Appendix A to Part... RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. A Appendix A to Part 404—Ratemaking Analyses and Methodology Step 1: Projection of...

  17. 46 CFR Appendix B to Part 404 - Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (the Interest Expense). (10) Investment Base (separately determined)—means the net recognized capital... pilotage operations, that capital is excluded from the rate base. (11) Return on Investment—means the...) Regulatory Investment (Investment Base) is the recognized capital investment in the useful assets employed by...

  18. FORECAST OF FLIGHT SEVERITY SITUATION WITH AN ENGINE FAILURE ON THE ASCENDING MANEUVERS BASED ON COMPUTATIONAL-EXPERIMENTAL DATA AND EXPERT JUDGMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. V. Tikhonov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to an assessment of danger degree of a flight situation with the engine failure on the ascending maneuvers using natural- model approach and expert evaluation in the absence of the possibility of using a pilotage stand.

  19. Orientation of pigeons exposed to constant light and released from familiar sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dall'Antonia, P; Luschi, P

    1993-12-01

    It has been proposed that homing pigeons may use pilotage to orient home when released from familiar sites. To test this possibility, a group of pigeons was released from familiar locations after being exposed to a constant bright light. This treatment produced the loss of the circadian rhythmicity of general activity of the birds and thus presumably impaired their time-compensating sun compass mechanism. Experimental birds, both anosmic and olfactorily unimpaired, did not show any tendency to orient home, their bearing distributions being generally not different from random. Their homing performances were also affected. These results show that initial orientation of pigeons released from familiar sites entails the use of the sun compass even when the birds are released after a treatment that makes them arrhythmic in their activity. The possibility that pilotage may play a role in the first part of the homing flight of pigeons remains to be demonstrated.

  20. Interface enabling the management of the magnetic gradients for a N.M.R. experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Frutoso, J.; Mallet, J.J.; Bonmartin, A.; Minchella, P.

    1983-01-01

    The object of this work was to realize a versatile electronic system which is able to manage the three magnetic gradients necessary to a NMR experiment. The cheapest mean used is based on a microcomputer VIC 20 Commodore, connected through an interface to three ''pilotage'' power-supplies. In this paper the interface between the VIC 20 and the three power-supplies, is particularly described [fr

  1. L’irrigation diminue-t-elle en France ? Premiers enseignements du recensement agricole de 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LOUBIER, Sébastien

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Le recensement agricole constitue un outil essentiel à la connaissance du monde agricole et au pilotage de l’action publique. À partir d'une analyse des données et des résultats concernant l'irrigation, les auteurs nous présentent la situation actuelle en France et les principales évolutions depuis dix ans.

  2. The Effect of a Monocular Helmet-Mounted Display on Aircrew Health: A Longitudinal Cohort Study of Apache AH Mk 1 Pilots -(Vision and Handedness)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-19

    the day, night, and in adverse weather through the use of nose-mounted, forward-looking infrared (FLIR) pilotage and targeting sensors that provide a...sensor video and/or symbology to each crewmember via a helmet display unit (HDU). The HDU contains a 1-inch (in.) diameter cathode ray tube (CRT...American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 12(4): 365–369. Sale, D. F., and Lund, G. J. 1993. AH-64 Apache program update

  3. Résultats de recherche | Page 55 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Conception d'un modèle technique pour le pilotage de l'irrigation de complément à partir des bassins de collecte des eaux de ruissellement. La présente étude est menée dans la partie sahélienne du Burkina Faso, zone particulièrement sensible comme l''ensemble du Sahel africain confronté depuis plusieurs décennies à ...

  4. PERFORMANCE ET RESTRUCTURATION: LE CAS SAÏDAL ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    performance de SAÏDAL suite à sa restructuration débutée en 1997. Le concept de ... millions d'actions. Du point de vue du management, SAÏDAL adopte le tableau de .... Méthodes et Pratiques de la Performance : Le Guide du Pilotage. ... performance des entreprises, Kaplan et Norton proposèrent le tableau de bord ...

  5. Proceedings of the Conference on Flight Mechanics and System Design Lessons from Operational Experience Held at Athens, Greece on 10-13 May 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-10-01

    of a rented airline food service truck shown in the photo in figure 10. The cargo area of the truck was modified with heaters, lights, and electrical...los remarques suivantes 1 - W/V voisin de 2 % - Le pilotage no poso pas do probl~me. L’acc~l6ration de VR vers V2 eat franche , car on a naturelloment

  6. AN EVALUATION ON THE USE OF VIRTUAL REALITY ADMINISTRATION IN PUBLIC RELATIONS AND ADVERTISING EDUCATION

    OpenAIRE

    Gürcan, Halil İbrahim; Coşkun, Engin; Sever, Necip Serdar; Başer, Emrah; Ataizi, Murat; Öztürk, Mesude Canan; Bical, Adil

    2018-01-01

    Especiallyin the early 2000s, the concept of virtual reality, which evolved as a resultof major changes in communication, was first used in 1977. When it comes today,it is obvious that many areas (medicine, pilotage, communication, education,simulation, production, marketing, advertising, etc.) are benefited fromvirtual reality applications and virtual worlds. These applications offer arange of possibilities for individual users or consumers and also provide someopportunities for enterprise u...

  7. Access Regulation for Naturally Monopolistic Port Terminals: Lessons from Regulated Network Industries

    OpenAIRE

    Defilippi, Enzo

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThe problem of access arises in industries where inputs from monopolistic and competitive markets are complementarily needed to provide a service. In these circumstances, the firm controlling the monopolistic segment has incentives to deter competition in the competitive segments (markets) to recover profits foregone by regulation (Paredes, 1997). In the port industry, for example, a number of services need to be jointly provided to complete the logistics chain: pilotage, towage, ...

  8. Report realized in the name of the finances, economy and the plan commission on the project of financing law for 2009 (n. 1127), annex n. 13 ecology, sustainable development and management risks prevention planing of the ecology, the energy, the sustainable development and the territory management policies; Rapport fait au nom de la commission des finances, de l'economie generale et du plan sur le projet de loi de finances pour 2009 (n. 1127), annexe n. 13 ecologie, developpement et amenagement durables prevention des risques conduite et pilotage des politiques de l'ecologie, de l'energie, du developpement durable et de l'amenagement du territoire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    This document presents the law project n. 1127 for 2009, concerning the risks prevention in the framework of the ecology and the sustainable development and management. The first part details the program of risks prevention (technological, pollutions, natural and hydraulic risks, nuclear safety and radioprotection, the mine site rehabilitation). The second part develops the ecology, energy sustainable development and territory management, policies. (A.L.B.)

  9. Factors affecting maritime pilots' health and well-being: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Main, Luana C; Chambers, Timothy P

    2015-01-01

    Maritime pilotage is a demanding occupation where pilots are required to perform complex procedures in sometimes unfamiliar working environments. These psychological stressors, in addition to the physical demands associated with the role (e.g., reduced sleep, boarding, and departing vessels), may over time have a damaging effect on pilots' physical and mental health. Therefore the aim of this paper was to systematically review the existing literature on maritime pilots' health and well-being. The databases academic search complete, MEDLINE and MEDLINE complete, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, PubMed, and ScienceDirect were searched from the earliest available record until 1 May 2015. From an initial pool of 167 manuscripts retrieved, only 18 were peer-reviewed original research and discussed topics associated with maritime pilots' health and well-being. In total, 29 factors associated with maritime pilot health and well-being were identified. These were loosely categorised into physical (n = 14), psychosocial (n = 8), and workplace issues (n = 7). The most commonly investigated factors were blood pressure or heart rate, sleep or fatigue, smoking and alcohol consumption, perceived stress, and shift duration or cycle. Findings from the review suggest that the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and associated cardio-metabolic risk factors seems to be of paramount importance, with ample evidence indicating that modern-day pilots present as being overweight or obese. What remains unknown is whether these physical factors are associated with variations in psychosocial functioning. Therefore, it is recommended that future pilotage investigations adopt a multidisciplinary approach to better quantify the impact of maritime pilotage on long-term health and well-being.

  10. Le tourisme à moto : les géographies renouvelées d'un phénomène marginal

    OpenAIRE

    Scol, Jean

    2017-01-01

    Le tourisme à moto répond souvent à des pratiques marginales et codes particuliers pour lesquels la route, le pilotage et la camaraderie jouent des rôles essentiels. Les concentrations sont un exemple représentatif des spécificités et du caractère marginal de ce tourisme. Le tourisme à moto fut, par ailleurs, longtemps ignoré voire rejeté par les territoires et les professionnels du tourisme qui gardaient de la moto et du motocycliste une image négative. Or, les motards ont changé. Ils sont, ...

  11. Worldwide Buoy Technology Survey. Volume 1. Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-02-01

    1522.2.9.3 The Remearch Instituite Netherlands (3tARIN) 155 2.2.9.4 Marine Analytics .. .. .. .. L.2.9.5 D&"a Sipyards . 157 2.2.10 Norway 2 .2-1.1 ~Ticn Plat...dependents who are in financial distress and a deep sea pilotage authority. It is not a governmental organization but it was created by an act of...hoisting power (t) 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 f FIGURE 2-35 JAPAN’S BUOY jI 91 objectives, financial cutbacks, etc. which is impacting their services. Among

  12. Motion Sickness: Significance in Aerospace Operations and Prophylaxis (Le Mal des Transports: Son Importance pour les Operations Aerospatiales et Prophylaxies)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    a range of complex mental reactions including fatigue, drowsiness, poor motivation for work, and depression. 2-20 AUTONOMIC-STRESS REACTIONS It is... rmotions at. 12 ]I;?, z., - 0.19 aInds. 1 J’( tnlro i’, "- 0.5’t, arid P:. -- 0.81 Yiv irq i (It ’’ti tied IttI’ Intill ltk e’r- I rtr’dc’nc" cit 46...cindtoses modifior son comporteomnt at sm motivation par rapport it lora do IPanirsinamant on Icola do pilotage cat I. taux do tnae situation

  13. Outraged governance. Brazil : a route of Danger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matusalém Gonçalves Pimenta

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to determine the risks taken by Brazil for not fulfilling an Inter- national Resolution. The research method chosen was the systemic / comparative. In regard to Pilotage, the International Maritime Organization (IMO adopted the A-960 (23 Resolution, and has upheld it ever since towards a global governance, approach and positioning. The authors of this article have chosen to focus in five fundamental princi- ples, extracted from the Resolution. It has been established that these principles remain paramount to almost all member countries, and, whenever they choose to uphold them, all undertake a standpoint of good governance. This work initially analyses and compa- res the sub studio Resolution standards towards the present brazilian pilotage model. Moreover, it identifies some discrepancies that lead to non-compliances. Furthermore, it correlates the violation of fundamental principles to three massive maritime accidents that mankind shall not be proud of, i.e. Exxon Valdez, Sea Empress and Costa Concordia. Lastly, final conclusion is that, whenever the international IMO standards are disregarded by Brazilian Authorities, they endanger - most unacceptably - the maritime environment, the safety of navigation, and of human life at sea.

  14. The history of passive millimetre-wave imaging at QinetiQ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appleby, R.

    2008-10-01

    A review of the equipments developed between 1950 and 2008 is given. In the 1950s the first airborne 35 GHz radiometer was flight tested on a Lincoln bomber. Initial results were encouraging but radar and thermal imaging were becoming established and offered more general utility. The technology was based on valves and the equipment occupied a large part of the rear of the aircraft. As semiconductor technology matured and gave rise to low noise mixers and amplifiers, new equipments were developed. In 1992, MITRE, a 94 GHz data collection system based on superheterodyne receivers, provided non real time high quality imagery and stimulated interest in both surveillance and security, with images through fog and clothing being demonstrated. More recently real time imaging based on a folded conically scanned Schmidt camera has been developed for helicopter pilotage and surveillance.

  15. Quel contrôle de gestion pour les startups ?

    OpenAIRE

    Meyssonnier , François

    2015-01-01

    Une étude de huit PME fondées sur la science permet d’identifier les spécificités du contrôle de gestion des startups. Dans les startups émergentes le dirigeant n’utilise que des linéaments de contrôle de gestion essentiellement pour développer son approche cognitive du business model. Dans les startups en croissance le contrôle de gestion a un rôle de garde-fou et les outils de pilotage de la performance sont utilisés essentiellement de façon interactive et pour la prévision. Les principaux ...

  16. Formal safety assessment based on relative risks model in ship navigation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu Shenping [Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University, 1550, Pudong Dadao, Shanghai 200135 (China)]. E-mail: sphu@mmc.shmtu.edu.cn; Fang Quangen [Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University, 1550, Pudong Dadao, Shanghai 200135 (China)]. E-mail: qgfang@mmc.shmtu.edu.cn; Xia Haibo [Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University, 1550, Pudong Dadao, Shanghai 200135 (China)]. E-mail: hbxia@mmc.shmtu.edu.cn; Xi Yongtao [Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University, 1550, Pudong Dadao, Shanghai 200135 (China)]. E-mail: xiyt@mmc.shmtu.edu.cn

    2007-03-15

    Formal safety assessment (FSA) is a structured and systematic methodology aiming at enhancing maritime safety. It has been gradually and broadly used in the shipping industry nowadays around the world. On the basis of analysis and conclusion of FSA approach, this paper discusses quantitative risk assessment and generic risk model in FSA, especially frequency and severity criteria in ship navigation. Then it puts forward a new model based on relative risk assessment (MRRA). The model presents a risk-assessment approach based on fuzzy functions and takes five factors into account, including detailed information about accident characteristics. It has already been used for the assessment of pilotage safety in Shanghai harbor, China. Consequently, it can be proved that MRRA is a useful method to solve the problems in the risk assessment of ship navigation safety in practice.

  17. Consequences of the OVG Muenster's decision on Kalkar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Klein, H.H.

    1977-01-01

    In the authors opinion, the higher administrative court at Muenster was right constitutionally as well as politically. Constitutionally: The Federal Constitutional Court has since the medical society verdict of 1972- often and with emphasis expressed itself in the sense that the greater the relevance of a decision to basic rights, and the more far-reaching its significance for everybody , all the more stringent the legislator's guidance for the executive has to be. Politically: The fact, that parliament has withdrawn itself concerning State guidance in the sense of political pilotage in favour of the government, apart from not being very effective, threatens to become a thorn in the side of many quaters. The article briefly outlines in which form parliament ought to be involved. (HP) [de

  18. Minimizing risks of maritime oil transport by holistic safety strategies (MIMIC) Final report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haapasaari, Päivi Elisabet; Dahlbo, Kim; Aps, Robert

    the costeffectiveness of different types of risk control options in reducing the risks of oil accidents. The cost-effectiveness of the ENSI (Enhanced Navigation Support Information) service, compulsory pilotage, and improved crashworthiness of ships was evaluated. According to the results, the ENSI service is the most......, and the consequent oil outflow  - evaluated optional measures to control oil accident risks and produced a related decision support model  - developed tools for estimating the length of oiled shoreline after an accident  - developed tools for examining the recovery efficiency and optimal disposition of Finnish...... oil combating vessels and for forecasting the clean-up costs of oil spills  - improved operational tools for guiding oil combating activities  - identified and assessed security threats and pondered their connection to safety - analysed the prevailing regulatory system related to maritime safety...

  19. Formal safety assessment based on relative risks model in ship navigation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hu Shenping; Fang Quangen; Xia Haibo; Xi Yongtao

    2007-01-01

    Formal safety assessment (FSA) is a structured and systematic methodology aiming at enhancing maritime safety. It has been gradually and broadly used in the shipping industry nowadays around the world. On the basis of analysis and conclusion of FSA approach, this paper discusses quantitative risk assessment and generic risk model in FSA, especially frequency and severity criteria in ship navigation. Then it puts forward a new model based on relative risk assessment (MRRA). The model presents a risk-assessment approach based on fuzzy functions and takes five factors into account, including detailed information about accident characteristics. It has already been used for the assessment of pilotage safety in Shanghai harbor, China. Consequently, it can be proved that MRRA is a useful method to solve the problems in the risk assessment of ship navigation safety in practice

  20. Gestion de production

    CERN Document Server

    Courtois, Alain; Pillet, Maurice

    1995-01-01

    n ouvrage de référence pour tous les gestionnaires de production industrielle. Un cas concret d'entreprise fictive, fil rouge de l'ouvrage, pour expliquer et illustrer les différents outils et méthodes utilisés. Toutes les méthodes et tous les outils de gestion de production, des plus traditionnels aux novateurs, explicités, comparés et illustrés. L'ouvrage, entièrement mis à jour, reflète toutes les évolutions liées à la gestion de production. II se divise désormais en deux grandes partes ; la première regroupe les méthodes de base de la gestion de la production ainsi que l'informatisation de celles-ci (chapitres 2 à 10) ; la seconde concerne les méthodes d'amélioration de la production (chapitres 11 à 15), en mettant un accent fort sur la philosophie du Lean Manufacturing : L'entreprise en mouvement avec le Lean ; Les principaux outils du Lean ; Le pilotage d'atelier en flux tirés par la méthode Kanban ; L'implantation d'ateliers ; Les indicateurs de performance. Pour faciliter la le...

  1. Measuring mental workload and physiological reactions in marine pilots: Building bridges towards redlines of performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orlandi, Luca; Brooks, Benjamin

    2018-05-01

    This paper investigates the effects of shiphandling manoeuvres on mental workload and physiological reactions in ten marine pilots. Each pilot performed four berthings in a ship simulator. Those berthings were differentiated by two factors, level of difficulty and familiarity with the port. Each berthing could also be divided into five phases, three during the execution and two resting periods, one before and one after the execution (dedicated to baseline physiological data collection). Mental workload was measured through two self assessment scales: the NASA TLX and a Likert scale. Power spectral densities on Beta bands 1 and 2 were obtained from EEG. Heart rate and heart rate variability were obtained from ECG. Pupil dilation was obtained from eye tracking. Workload levels were higher as berthings increased in difficulty level and/or the pilots completed the berthings in unfamiliar ports. Responses differed across specific phases of the berthings. Physiological responses could indirectly monitor levels of mental workload, and could be adopted in future applications to evaluate training improvements and performance. This study provides an example of an applied methodology aiming to define an upper redline of task demands in the context of marine pilotage. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  2. Floating Production Unit FPU P53: logistic and modules installation; Logistica e instalacao dos modulos da Unidade Flutuante de Producao FPU P53

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arantes, Joao Durval [UTC Engenharia S.A., SP (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This work intends to show a 'case' of success, namely the model of management and the strategy, applied in the logistics and installation of the P53 modules. The criteria, which took QUIP to contract, in Brazil and abroad, technology companies, to supply integrated modules, including engineering, procurement, construction and warranty of performance, are shown. Establishment, at the initial phase of the Project, of the discipline 'constructibility', with the attribution to interact with the engineering design and construction of the modules under QUIP's responsibility, modules supplied by PETROBRAS and mainly, with the site of Naval Conversion in Singapore. Establishment of the discipline 'Marinharia', to act together with 'constructibility' to overcome the difficulties and restrictions of Porto de Rio Grande, such as the following: the width of the sailing channel, interferences of commercial port, availability of mooring pier, relationship with port pilotage and authorities of the Fifth Naval District of Brazilian Navy. The challenges were the maneuvers with 2 crane barges for modules installation, in front the P-53, a VLCC ship and maneuvers the barges, involved at the time of installation of the modules. And, finally, to show the proceeding applied in the physical interfaces of installation of the modules, such as: interferences, supports of the modules, stools in the ship, guides and bumpers. Dimensional control, simulations and extensive planning were the tools of success. (author)

  3. Enseignement technique : Séminaire de l'enseigement technique

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Mardi 4 mai 2004 SEMINAIRE DE L'ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE de 14:00 à 17:00 - Training Centre Auditorium - bât. 593 Le SPC - Statistical Process Control - dans une démarche de qualité totale Hakim Bourahla, Maurice Arrius, Charbel Tannous - ABW Concept - F-74950 SCIONZIER, France Ce nouveau séminaire de l'Enseignement Technique sera consacré à la présentation du SPC, le Statistical Process Control. Le SPC apporte une grande efficacité dans l'amélioration de la qualité des produits. Cette méthode, permettant d'assurer une qualité optimum à l'aide d'un outil statistique, est fondée sur deux concepts de base : le suivi et le pilotage des procédés industriels par cartes de contrôle, et l'étude des capabilités des systèmes de production. - Origine et objectifs du SPC - Concepts du ...

  4. Enseignement technique : Séminaire de l'enseignement technique

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Mardi 4 mai 2004 SEMINAIRE DE L'ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE de 14:00 à 17:00 - Training Centre Auditorium - bât. 593 Le SPC - Statistical Process Control - dans une démarche de qualité totale Hakim Bourahla, Maurice Arrius, Charbel Tannous - ABW Concept - F-74950 SCIONZIER, France Ce nouveau séminaire de l'Enseignement Technique sera consacré à la présentation du SPC, le Statistical Process Control. Le SPC apporte une grande efficacité dans l'amélioration de la qualité des produits. Cette méthode, permettant d'assurer une qualité optimum à l'aide d'un outil statistique, est fondée sur deux concepts de base : le suivi et le pilotage des procédés industriels par cartes de contrôle, et l'étude des capabilités des systèmes de production. - Origine et objectifs du SPC - Concepts du ...

  5. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selçuk NAS

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available We are pleased to introduce JEMS 5(3 to our valuable followers. There are valuable and endeavored studies in this issue of the journal. We hope that these studies will contribute to the maritime industry. I would like to announce with great pleasure that "PTST'17 Pilotage/Towage Services and Technologies Congress” will be held in İzmir on 27-28 October 2017. The congress is organized in cooperation with our chamber, “Turkish Chamber of Shipping”, “Turkish Maritime Pilots’ Association”, “Directorate General of Coastal Safety” and is supported by Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications. I would like to express my gratitude to authors who sent their valuable studies for this issue, to our reviewers, to our editorial board, to our section editors, to our foreign language editors who provide quality publications by following our publication policies diligently and also to layout editors who spent great efforts in the preparation of this issue.

  6. Fatique vs. judgement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1997-04-01

    The role that fatigue due to sleep deprivation and the resulting impairment of judgment may have played on the striking of a small tanker and an oil barge by a bulk carrier in Hamilton (Ontario) harbour, were described. The pilot guiding the bulk carrier to its berth had been deprived of sleep for 22 hours prior to boarding the vessel, and it was suspected that sleepiness may have played a role in this occurrence. Research into circadian rhythms and sleep confirm these suspicions. Performance of cognitive and vigilance tasks have been shown to be particularly impaired. There is also increased propensity for risk-taking by fatigued persons. It has been shown that cumulative sleep loss and circadian disruption can lead to decreased waking alertness, impaired performance, and worsened mood. In expressing the Transportation Safety Board`s concern about the vulnerability of individuals in safety-sensitive positions (such as pilots on the Great Lakes) to significant errors in judgment when fatigued, the Board recommended a policy and procedures for allocating pilotage assignments in such a way as to ensure that pilots receive sufficient rest to minimize the adverse effects of fatigue on performance.

  7. Solar Thermal energy strategic road-map

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hafner, Bernd; Godin, Olivier; Villier, Dominique; Petit, J.F.; Demangeon, Elsa; Laplagne, Valerie; Loyen, Richard; Mugnier, Daniel; Filloux, Alain; Frichet, Jean-Claude; Aubert, Elisabeth; Cherepanova, Margarita; Guilmin, Audrey; Dicostanzo, Catherine; Papillon, Philippe; Caccavelli, Dominique; Cholin, Xavier; Leger, Emmanuel; Gevaudan, Alain; Coulaud, Celine; Morlot, Rodolphe; Khebchache, Bouzid; Parrouffe, Jean-Michel; Clement, Daniel; Tonnet, Nicolas

    2012-11-01

    The French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME) manages a fund dedicated to new energy technologies. Since 2008 this fund has funded 'research demonstrators' to implement testing of technologies that are in an experimental stage, between research and industrial deployment. ADEME coordinates a group of experts who are charged with drawing up a strategic road-map prior to each Call for Expressions of Interest. The aims of the solar thermal road-map are: - to highlight the industrial, technological, environmental and societal issues at stake; - to elaborate coherent, consistent and shared visions of the technologies and/or socio-technical systems outlined in the road-map; - to underscore the technological, organisational and socioeconomic barriers and bottlenecks to be overcome in order to achieve these visions; - to link priority research topics to a timetable of goals for technology availability and deployment that is consistent with the stated objectives; - to give priority to research needs and research demonstrators that will serve as the basis for: 1 - calls for expression of interest issued by the Research Demonstrators Fund, 2 - the research programming process at ADEME and more broadly at the Agence nationale de la recherche (ANR) and the Comite strategique national sur la recherche sur l'energie. Research priorities and needs for demonstrators are determined by the intersection of visions and bottlenecks. They also take into account industrial and research capacity in France. The road-maps may also refer to exemplary research demonstrators abroad that are in the forefront of technological progress, and make recommendations regarding industrial policy. These road-maps are the result of collective work by a group of experts appointed by the Steering Committee (Comite de pilotage, COPIL) of the Research Demonstrators Fund for new energy technologies. The members of this group are actors in research, drawn from industry, research bodies and research

  8. Assessment of proposals related to oil spill risk for the south coast of Newfoundland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    A study was conducted in 2006 to quantify the present and future risks of oil pollution in Canadian waters off the south coast of Newfoundland due to marine traffic transiting this area. The study methodology included as assessment of the key components of risk, such as the probability of an oil spill occurring and the consequences of the spill should it occur. Key elements that were identified were stakeholder consultation; oil spill frequency; environmental impact assessment; risk results; area specific factors; and future trends. One of the key findings was that the most probable area for a spill was in inner Placentia Bay. Local and regional interests in the area resulted in 25 proposals for spill prevention, response and research. This paper provided a background discussion for each proposal and where relevant, a description of the status quo, and a rationale for implementing, or not implementing the proposal. Proposals for spill prevention consisted of strategies for vessel traffic; vessel instrumentation; use of double hulls; aerial surveillance program; control enforcement; additional radar monitoring; pilotage for long harbours; and escort and rescue tugs. Proposals for spill response consisted of designating places of refuge; location of response equipment; additional response capability; response time standards; designating waste handling sites; bird rescue and rehabilitation; testing of equipment cascading; training of fishermen for first response; and first responder equipment. Oil spill research proposals consisted of research on ecosystem effects; research on response priorities; representative oil spill scenarios; and emergency management plans. General category proposals were also submitted, and dealt primarily with independent oversight committees; consultations with pilots; and occurrence of mystery spills and bilge dumps. 1 tab.

  9. CERN control centre (CCC) ou de la conception à l'exécution

    CERN Document Server

    Poehler, M

    2005-01-01

    Dès fin 2001, la section Design Office TS-CE est mandatée pour l’étude et la conception d’une nouvelle salle de contrôle des accélérateurs. Après de multiples variantes d’études et d’implantation, la direction CERN retient en début 2004, sur la base de facteurs économiques, le projet CCC, consistant en l’extension et le réaménagement de la PCR existante. Un Working Group TS Infrastructure est mis en place sous le pilotage TS-CE, avec pour objectifs de passer de la phase d’avant projet à la phase de projet définitif et d’étayer la faisabilité technique et économique de cette solution, dans le respect du cahier des charges des utilisateurs. Appuyé sur le rapport d’étude présenté à la direction CERN, cette dernière confirme son feu vert de lancement du projet dans les limites des coûts et des délais présentés. L’ouvrage et son infrastructure technique devant être livrés aux utilisat...

  10. La dépossession. Réformes, enseignement supérieur et pouvoirs au Maghreb

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Ghouati

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Inséré dans la stratégie économique de Lisbonne le processus de Bologne a été d’emblée pris en charge par la Commission européenne et confié ensuite aux États de l’Union européenne (UE via des experts. Il a permis à la Commission de prendre un certain pouvoir sur les États nationaux notamment en matière de réforme éducative. Or ce mode institutionnel de pilotage a également été reproduit lors de l’élargissement du processus de Bologne à trois pays du Maghreb : Algérie, Maroc et Tunisie. Officiellement, le processus est jugé positivement par les responsables européens et maghrébins. Cependant ni les étudiants ni les enseignants ne semblent partager les objectifs institutionnels. Après une description du mode d’appropriation du processus, nous exposons dans cet article une partie des résultats d’une enquête de terrain menée par questionnaires de novembre 2007 à mai 2008 au Maghreb auprès d’enseignants et d’enseignants-chercheurs (N=125. Notre hypothèse est que le processus de Bologne s'inscrit certes dans une logique économique (globale, mais il est décliné aussi par les pouvoirs locaux dans le cadre d'un procès de domination et/ou de dépossession des sociétés locales.

  11. A Nitrogen-16 Power Channel in the Melusine Cooling Circuit; Chaine de puissance azote 16 sur le circuit de refrigeration de melusine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tiberghien, R [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique. Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires, 38 - Grenoble (France)

    1962-07-01

    A power channel, which is to be used on Melusine, the 2 MW pool-type reactor built at Grenoble Nuclear Center, is described. It will be used for measuring of {sup 16}N activity of water after passage through the reactor core. The experimental system as well as the measuring instruments are described. Solutions to problems likely to arise are given. The experimental results show that this power measurement is free from neutron flux local deformations, from control rods position, and from experiments. The power indicated is to {+-}2% the same as the thermodynamic power. Since May 1962, this power channel is used as a reference for the operation of the reactor. It is also provided for on the Siloe 10 MW reactor. (author) [French] L'objet de ce rapport est la description d'une nouvelle chaine de puissance pour la pile piscine 'Melusine' de 2 MW du Centre d'etudes Nucleaires de Grenoble. Il s'agit de la mesure de l'activite en azote 16 de l'eau apres son passage dans le coeur du reacteur. Le dispositif experimental ainsi que les appareils de mesure y sont decrits. Les reponses aux differents problemes poses sont donnees. Les resultats experimentaux montrent que cette mesure de puissance est independante des deformations locales de flux de neutrons, de la position des barres de controle et des manipulations. La puissance indiquee par cette chaine est a 2 % pres identique a la puissance thermodynamique. Depuis mai 1962, elle est utilisee comme reference pour le pilotage de la pile. Elle est aussi prevue sur la pile 'Siloe' de 10 MW. (auteur)

  12. Étude de faisabilité de l’estérification d’un diacide par distillation réactive Feasibility Study of Diacid Esterification by Reactive Distillation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steger C.

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude propose une approche systématique de la conception d’une colonne à distiller réactive. Elle a été appliquée avec succès au cas peu étudié des réactions consécutives. L’estérification de l’acide 2 methyl glutarique par le méthanol a été traitée. Les 3 premières étapes de la méthode montrent la faisabilité de la production dans une colonne hybride avec un taux de reflux faible et la nécessité de travailler avec un excès de méthanol. Ces résultats théoriques ont ensuite été consolidés par un pilotage sur une colonne de diamètre 75 mm. Dans tous les régimes pilotés, les résultats obtenus sont significativement supérieurs à un réacteur en lit fixe même avec des excès de réactif plus importants. A systematic methodology for the design of reactive distillation columns has been successfully applied to a mixture with consecutive chemical reactions, i.e. esterification of 2-methyl glutaric acid with methanol. The feasibility of production within a hybride reactive distillation column operated at a low reflux ratio with an excess of methanol has been validated by the first steps of this approach. These results have been experimentally confirmed within a lab-scale reactive distillation column (75 mm inner diameter. Performances are significantly improved for all investigated process conditions in comparison to corresponding fixed bed reactor.

  13. Culture des acteurs et modèles d’intervention dans l’innovation technopédagogique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Peraya

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available L’intégration pédagogique des TIC va bien au-delà de la simple maîtrise de l’outil par l’enseignant. Depuis quelques années, il existe des standards de compétences qui prennent en compte d’autres dimensions, notamment des aspects de planification de l’enseignement, de gestion de classe et de formation continue par les TIC. Mais ces listes souvent interminables en disent plus sur les objets de culture que sur la culture elle-même en tant qu’élément clé d’intervention. Nous présentons et comparons deux modèles de pilotage et de soutien de l’innovation technopédagogique qui permettent de mieux comprendre les facteurs en jeu et d’accompagner les acteurs du dispositif de formation. Nos efforts de modélisation de ces facteurs nous ont permis d’identifier quatre sous-dimensions caractéristiques de la culture des acteurs relative à l’intégration des TIC : les représentations/visions, les habiletés/ressources, les attitudes et les pratiques. L’articulation de ces éléments fournit un ensemble d’indicateurs qui permettent d’identifier des aspects à développer et à soutenir afin d’optimiser les chances de succès de l’intégration des TIC.

  14. A MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF THE MILITARY TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT MOVEMENT AT CARGO ITEM DROP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The controllability of military transport aircraft deteriorates at heavy single piece landing. To solve this problem and a specific methodology for pilotage of the pre-emption, and automation tools are being developed. Preliminary study ofpilotage technique and authomatic control algorythm demand a reliable mathematical model of aircraft dynamics at cargo item drop. Such model should take into account significant change in the position of the aircraft center of mass and aircraft inertia tensor. Simplified models were based on modeling the movement of the center of mass and rotation around the cen- ter of mass of the aircraft. Such models do not take into account the inertial forces and moments of moving a cargo item. This circumstance does not allow to obtain reliable results in the simulation. The article presents the description of the complete mathematical model of the movement of military transport aircraft in landing of a cargo item. Examines the com- plex material system of solids and a detailed description of the properties of its components. The equations of motion of the aircraft as a system carrier (aircraft without a cargo item and wear (of moving a cargo item bodies to reflect the changes in the inertia tensor. The functioning of the power plant, steering actuators, flight control system, an exhaust chute, the sen- sors of the primary information are taken into account. The equations of motion for systems of bodies projected on the air- craft reference plane are being recorded. This approach takes into account changes of the inertia tensor and the position of the main central axes of inertia in the process of landing of a cargo item. It allows us to simulate the condition of the air- craft at all speeds of the pitch, normal overload, and masses of single piece and placement, as evidenced by the high con- vergence of modeling results with data from flight tests.

  15. Transient regimes in a heavy water reactor; Regimes transitoires dans un reacteur a eau lourde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raievski, V [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay(France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1953-07-01

    choisir une vitesse de montee telle, que la reactivite reste constamment inferieure a une valeur au dela de laquelle le pilotage du reacteur est repute difficile. Ce resultat n'est plus valable, si l'intensite des sources est insuffisante, ce qui a lieu pendant les premieres divergences et apres un arret de longue duree. (auteur)

  16. Análisis dinámico por elementos finitos del conjunto soporte captador de alta frecuencia de un tren subterráneo//Dynamic analysis for finite elements to the support of the captator of high frequency of an underground train

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo González‐Becerra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue la determinación del estado de los esfuerzos dinámicos en varios modelos del soporte del sistema de pilotaje automático de un tren subterráneo con el empleo del Método de los Elementos Finitos a partir de la densidad espectral de potencia de las cargas y las aceleraciones máximas determinadas con anterioridad en evaluaciones extensométricas realizadasal mismo, teniendo en cuenta las frecuencias propias de oscilación del conjunto de alta frecuencia (High Frequency, HF. Como resultado de esta investigación se determinó que los altos valores de tensiones que aparecieron en este elemento fueron la causa de la aparición de las grietas y su desarrollo trajo como consecuencia la aparición de elevados niveles de vibraciones, lo que conllevóal descontrol en el funcionamiento del sistema y la necesidad de su reparación o sustitución prematura. Se diseñó y analizó un nuevo modelo de soporte, más rígido, donde conjuntamente con la elevación de la resistencia, se mejora notablemente su comportamiento ante las cargas dinámicas.Palabras claves: análisis dinámico, elementos finitos, vibraciones, transporte ferroviario.______________________________________________________________________________AbstractThe objective of this work was the determination of the state of the dynamic loads in several models of the support of the system of automatic pilotage of an underground train with the employment of the Method of the Finite Elements starting from the spectral density of power of the loads and the maximum accelerations determined previously in extensometrics evaluations carried out to the same one, keeping in mind the frequencies characteristic of oscillation of the group of high frequency (HF for its initials in English. As a result of this investigation it was determined that the high values of tensions that they appeared in this element they were the cause of the appearance of the cracks andits development

  17. L’évaluation, un outil de l’ergonome pour transformer le contexte d’intervention Evaluation, a tool of ergonomists for changing the intervention context La evaluación, una herramienta del ergónomo para transformar el contexto de la intervención

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurélie Landry

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article expose la mise en œuvre d’une recherche-action visant à explorer si une démarche évaluative de type recherche-évaluative permet d’identifier les facteurs favorables à une intervention et d’instruire les hypothèses des intervenants sur les liens entre processus d’intervention et résultats obtenus. Les cas utilisés illustrent comment la recherche évaluative peut permettre à l’ergonome d’améliorer les conditions dans lesquelles il intervient en partageant des indicateurs d’évaluation sur le déroulement du projet. En communiquant avec les autres acteurs du projet sur les indicateurs de pilotage d’intervention, l’ergonome modifie le contexte dans lequel il intervient au cours du déroulement de l’action. En utilisant également des indicateurs de résultats, l’ergonome peut montrer les apports de l’action et chercher à mieux adapter ses méthodes compte tenu des leviers ou obstacles présents dans le contexte d’action.This article presents the application of action-research whose aim is to investigate whether an evaluative research type process can identify favorable factors for an intervention and allow evaluation of the stakeholders’ hypotheses on the links between the intervention process and the results obtained. The cases used illustrate how evaluative research can help the ergonomist improve the conditions in which he acts by sharing evaluation indicators on the project process. By communicating intervention process indicators with the other stakeholders, the ergonomist changes the context in which he acts during the intervention. By also using result indicators, the ergonomist can show the contribution of the intervention and attempt to better adapt his methods, considering the advantages or obstacles present in the context of the intervention.Este artículo expone la puesta en marcha de una investigación-acción que pretende explorar si un enfoque evaluativo del tipo investigaci

  18. L’informatique à l’école : le modèle du « pair-expert » en mutation ? The use of computers in teaching practices: is the “peer-expert” model evolving?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georges-Louis Baron

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Depuis le milieu des années 1980, des animateurs TICE (ATICE sont intervenus à l’école primaire pour contribuer à la prise en compte des technologies de l’information et de la communication. Caractérisé à l’origine par le bricolage et l’expérimentation, leur rôle a évolué depuis le début des années 1990 vers celui d’auxiliaire de prescription : accompagner les injonctions (B2i ; l’usage des outils de gestion informatisés au service du pilotage du système éducatif ; la mise en œuvre d’expérimentations pilotées nationalement ou localement. Ce texte, fondé sur une recherche doctorale de 2007 fait le point sur les caractéristiques du rôle de ces acteurs. Il met au jour un processus multifactoriel de transformation professionnelle et identitaire lié aux évolutions du champ de pratiques de l’informatique scolaire et reflété sur une liste de discussion. Cette liste, très réactive, constitue un lieu privilégié de socialisation professionnelle et répond à une fonction importante d’opérationnalisation des prescriptions. L’absence de cadrage institutionnel général et actualisé de ce rôle professionnel est la source d’une problématique identitaire et de légitimation de cette communauté de pratiques qui s’engage dans un processus de professionnalisation que la liste de discussion reflète. Au cours du temps, cette liste se constitue en une ressource au service d’une pratique experte, pratique que les ATICE cherchent à négocier avec l’institution en valeur d’échange.Since the mid-1980’s, a group of advisers has been appointed in primary schools in order to encourage teachers to use computers in their practice. These resource persons (animateurs TICE - ATICE still work in primary schools, unlike in secondary schools where some teachers are occasionally appointed as part-time resource persons. Their role, initially characterized by a trial-and-error hands-on approach, has evolved

  19. Recce and UAV: mass memory an enabling technology for merger

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Walter J., Jr.

    1996-11-01

    In the era of Declining Defense Dollars, the cost of sophisticated aircraft and highly trained personnel has heightened interest in Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs). The obvious lure is the lower vehicle cost (no crew station and crew support systems) and reduced needs for highly skilled air crews. Reconnaissance (commonly called recce) aircraft and their missions are among the commonly sighted applications for UAVs. Today's UAV recce aircraft (such as the Predator) are the genesis of much more sophisticated UAVs of the future. The evolution of the UAV will not be constrained to recce aircraft, but the recce mission will be significant for UAVs. The recce hole has historically been that of a battlefield data collector for post mission review and planning. In the electronic battlefield of the future, that role will be expanded. Envisioned mission for future recce aircraft include real-time scout, target location and fire coordination, battle damage assessment, and large area surveillance. Associated with many of these new roles is the need to store or assess much higher volumes of data. The higher volume data requirements are the result of higher resolution sensors (the Advanced Helicopter Pilotage infrared sensor has a data rate of near 1.2 Gigabits per second) and multi-sensor applications (the Multi-Sensor Aided Targeting program considered infrared, TV, and radar). The evolution of the UAV recce role, and associated increased data storage needs (from higher data rates and increased coverage requirements), requires the development of new data storage equipment. One solution to the increased storage needs is solid-state memory. As solid-state memories become faster, smaller, and cheaper they will enable the UAV recce mission capability to expand. Because of the speed of the memory, it will be possible to buffer and assess (identify the existence of targets or other points of interest) data before committing to consumption of limited storage assets. Faster memory

  20. Gouvernance touristique des grandes stations et durabilité. Une lecture en termes de proximité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent Boudières

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Les stations de sport d’hiver sont aujourd’hui confrontées à de nombreuses incertitudes tant structurelles que conjoncturelles. Les modalités de leur gestion constituent un axe important de réflexion dans la plupart des stations, notamment les grandes, cœur de notre propos. En effet, la loi Montagne a conféré aux communes la responsabilité du pilotage des stations ; une gestion qu’elle assume ou bien délègue à des opérateurs privés, par l’intermédiaire de services publics. Ces choix conduisent à des formes variées de relations entre acteurs privés et publics. Cette communication se propose de qualifier les modes de relations entre acteurs des stations, en mobilisant le cadre analytique d’économie de la proximité. Ainsi, les articulations entre proximités organisationnelle et cognitive sont très variées au sein des stations et peuvent témoigner de situations conflictuelles, entre des acteurs relevant des sphères privées comme publiques. Afin de lever les blocages, l’enjeu est de comprendre comment les positions des différents groupes se sont construites, comment la gouvernance s’est donc établie au sein des stations. Une telle compréhension permet d’encourager des formes de négociation et de créer les conditions de scènes locales de discussion sur le devenir des stations. Les stations des Arcs, de Val d’Isère en Savoie illustreront la diversité des modalités d’articulation entre proximités organisationnelle et cognitive, et ce dans des contextes territoriaux variés.  The winter sports resorts are confronted today with many uncertainties as well structural as of the economic situation. Methods of their management constitute an important axis of reflexion in the majority of the ski resorts, especially the most important, our goal in this paper. Indeed, the Mountain law conferred on the communes the responsibility for the piloting of the stations ; a management which it assumes or delegates

  1. Study of the dynamic behaviour of the reactor Rapsodie; Etude du comportement dynamique de la pile rapsodie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abdon, R; Chaigne, M [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Cadarache (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-07-01

    notre connaissance, a ete employe pour la premiere fois ici pour les piles a sodium - rendant compte du comportement du reacteur au-dela de l'ebullition du sodium a ete mis au point moyennant certaines hypotheses simplificatrices. Les etudes d'incidents ont permis de preciser: - La securite intrinseque du reacteur, c'est-a-dire son comportement en regime accidentel sans intervention du systeme de securite; - Le comportement de l'installation en regime accidentel normal, c'est-a-dire avec fonctionnement du systeme de securite et la definition et l'organisation de celui-ci; - La comparaison entre les deux versions etudiees (combustible metal et combustible oxyde) en vue du choix de la premiere charge de la pile; - La determination des chocs thermiques (amplitude et gradients subis par les structures lors des incidents probables en vue des essais sur la maquette a l'echelle 1 de la pile. Les etudes de stabilite ont ete effectuees par voie digitale. Les etudes de conduite, menees sur machines analogiques, ont permis de preciser les differentes procedures envisageables pour le demarrage et les changements de regime de la pile, ainsi que son pilotage automatique. L'ensemble de toutes ces etudes a ete concretise par la mise au point d'un simulateur d'entrainement compose d'un pupitre similaire au pupitre de controle de la pile mais dont toutes les commandes (reactivite et debits) actionnent une calculatrice analogique resolvant en temps reel les equations dynamiques de la pile, laquelle restitue simultanement tous les parametres representatifs de l'etat de l'installation (puissance, periode, temperatures, etc) aussi bien en fonctionnement normal que dans le cas des divers incidents possibles. (auteurs)

  2. Fast neutron breeder reactor Rapsodie - situation of physics, hydraulic, thermal and dynamics studies and studies of stability early in 1963; Pile rapide rapsodie - point des etudes neutroniques, hydrauliques, thermiques et dynamiques et des etudes de stabilite au debut de l'annee 1963

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1964-07-01

    ) [French] Au debut de 1963, il a ete necessaire de faire un choix entre les deux combustibles etudies pour Rapsodie: l'alliage UPuMo avec double gainage Nb et acier inoxydable et l'oxyde mixte UO{sub 2}-PuO{sub 2}. Ce rapport donne les resultats des etudes menees avec les deux types de combustible. On rappelle d'abord les differents modeles qui ont ete etudies et on donne une description detaillee de coeurs alliage et oxyde tels qu'ils sont envisages au debut de 1963. On rapporte ensuite les principales caracteristiques neutroniques des deux coeurs: flux et spectre des neutrons, valeur des barres de securite - compensation, economie des neutrons, puissance specifique, fraction effective des neutrons retardes, temps de vie des neutrons prompts, coefficients de reactivite. On decrit les etudes et essais hydrauliques qui ont ete faits a propos de ces deux coeurs. On discute les criteres qui ont ete a l'origine des calculs de debits. On donne les resultats des essais de pertes de charge, de soulevement des assemblages, de vibration et d'ecoulement fin entre les aiguilles. On discute les constantes utilisees pour les calculs thermiques et on donne les temperatures maximales du sodium et des combustibles alliage et oxyde, les majorations dues aux points chauds et la limitation du taux de combustion de l'aiguille oxyde ayant pour origine la pression des gaz de fission. On rapporte les hypotheses qui ont ete utilisees pour les calculs dynamiques et l'on decrit les differents incidents qui ont ete etudies. On donne les resultats des calculs, pour chaque incident et pour chaque combustible et l'on montre que l'on peut eviter la fusion du combustible ou l'ebullition du sodium, meme dans le cas des hypotheses les plus pessimistes, en agissant sur les caracteristiques de la pile (valeur de la barre de pilotage ou puissance de la pile avec un seul circuit de refroidissement). La stabilite de la pile a ete evaluee avec les hypotheses utilisees pour les calculs dynamiques, a l

  3. The Challenge of Reconstructing "Failed" States Le défi de la reconstruction des États «faillis» : Quelles leçons tirer des erreurs commises en Afghanistan ? El desafío de la reconstrucción de estados fracasados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serge Michailof

    2000-12-01

    écurité des personnes et un minimum de justice et d’administration territoriale est dans ces circonstances la tâche la plus urgente, largement oubliée. Or des forces étrangères ne pouvant durablement répondre à ce besoin, la construction d’institutions de sécurité nationales fiables est prioritaire. Il décrit ensuite les conséquences de l’absence de coordination sérieuse et de pilotage stratégique de l’aide, qui conduit à de graves incohérences dans l’allocation des ressources. Il propose, pour pallier ces déficiences, une nouvelle architecture de l’aide pour répondre à ces situations particulières. Il tire ensuite de l’analyse du cas afghan, des conclusions générales sur l’inadaptation des principes qui gouvernent la coordination de l’aide dans les pays fragiles et sur l’inadéquation du cadre conceptuel offert par les objectifs du millénaire dans ce type de contexte. Il met en évidence les conséquences néfastes d’approches dominées par les préoccupations de court terme des donateurs, aboutissant à la mise en place d’une véritable administration parallèle constituée de structures de projets, système qui concourt à l’affaiblissement des institutions étatiques. Il dénonce le manque d’attention porté par les donateurs à la construction d’institutions modernes permettant la mise en place d’un appareil d’Etat efficace, alors qu’il devrait s’agir de l’une des toutes premières priorités de l’aide. Il décrit par la même occasion des exemples ponctuels qui prouvent, même en Afghanistan, la faisabilité de telles approches. Il rappelle les limites des démocraties formelles superficielles systématiquement imposées par la communauté internationale dans ces contextes, et met l’accent sur l’importance de formes de démocratie à la base. Il tire enfin de cette analyse extrêmement documentée un ensemble de recommandations de portée générale destinées aux institutions d’aide et aux