WorldWideScience

Sample records for piercing

  1. Body Piercing

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... most common body piercing. Other common places to pierce include the eyebrow, nose, tongue, lip, belly button, nipples, and genitals. Some people also pierce their ear cartilage (the hard part of the ...

  2. Piercing and Tattoos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piercings and tattoos are body decorations that go back to ancient times. Body piercing involves making a hole in the skin ... can be in other parts of the body. Tattoos are designs on the skin made with needles ...

  3. Pierce Lumber, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    The EPA is providing notice of a proposed Administrative Penalty Assessment against Pierce Lumber, Inc. (“Respondent”), located at 1629 13th Street, Belle Plaine, IA for alleged violations of its National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit (perm

  4. Tatuajes y "piercing" Tattoos and piercing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L E Valle

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available A pesar de estar en el siglo XXI se ha retomado el lenguaje con códigos de comunicación arcaicos. Los jóvenes forman su identidad mediante la interacción con sus pares y los tatuajes y "piercing" tienen sus propios códigos, que son interpretados por el grupo que los lleva. Actualmente los tatuajes y los "piercing" encuentran su lugar predominante en la población adolescente, donde se han reinstalado por ser "moda" y generalmente se aceptan por estar generalizados. Asimismo los observamos en poblaciones marginales: de drogadictos y carcelarias. Realizarse un tatuaje y/o "piercing" implica ciertos riesgos, entre los que podemos mencionar la transmisión de infecciones que pueden ser localizadas en las zonas del tatuaje y/o "piercing"; y/o generalizadas como las virósicas algunas de las cuales conllevan riesgos de salud como el virus del HIV, de las hepatitis A,B,C. Pueden observarse también reacciones alérgicas, de hipersensibilidad, liquenoides, granulomatosas y varias como cicatrices hipertróficas y queloides; asimismo desencadenar un primer episodio de psoriasis, lupus, etc. Dentro de las recomendaciones para informar a la población deberíamos incluir: que las regiones del cuerpo más riesgosas para la realización de los mismos (que debieran evitarse son aquellas que asientan en cabeza (incluyendo boca, nariz, cuello y órganos genitales. También es importante tener la vacunación antitetánica actualizada, considerar las condiciones de higiene del local donde se va a asistir y el tipo de material a utilizar, debiendo ser en lo posible material descartable. Los cuidados durante los primeros días post práctica son: mantener la zona limpia y seca, baños cortos, secarse sin frotado y no exponerse al sol por tres o cuatro meses. Asimismo es aconsejable ante cualquier reacción concurrir a la consulta profesional.In spite of being in the XXI century, several archaic codes of communication language have been restablished. Young

  5. Pierce Patriarch "Prince of Quacks"

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This article provides brief biographies for Dr. Valentine Mott Pierce and his father, Dr. Ray Vaughn Pierce. Dr. R.V. Pierce has been described as the “uberquack,”...

  6. Post-piercing perichondritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, André de Paula; Castro Neto, Ivan de; Anias, Christiane Ribeiro; Pinto, Patrícia Ciminelli Linhares; Castro, Jair de Carvalho E; Carpes, Arturo Frick

    2008-01-01

    Piercing has become more and more popular among adolescents. The procedure is generally performed by unqualified professionals and carries its risk. Non-sterilized material or inappropiate hygiene increases the possibility of perichondritis and celulitis. The disease is characterized by erythema of the auricula pinna, unbearable pain and fever. Left untreated, the condition progresses with edema along the auricula and abscess formation that may result in ischemic necrosis and a cauliflower anesthetic deformation. The most common bacteria is Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In cases with abscesses, drainage is necessary along with antibiotic therapy guided by cultures and antibiogram. The aim of this case report was to review the past 10 years of published papers dealing with anatomical aspects of the auricular pinna, the history of piercing and its most common complications. A case report of perichondritis after 'high' ear piercing that required surgical treatment and that progressed with no esthetic loss. Theoretical and practical experience based on a review and a report of a case that progressed satisfactorily. The increased incidence of perichondritis in adolescents should require more elaborated primary prevention measures.

  7. Diagrammer hos Pierce og Deleuze

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busk, Malene

    2006-01-01

    Artiklen omhandler to forskellige begreber om diagrammet, nemlig Pierces og Deleuzes. De definerer udfra to meget forskellige udgangspukter begge diagrammet som kreativt redskab......Artiklen omhandler to forskellige begreber om diagrammet, nemlig Pierces og Deleuzes. De definerer udfra to meget forskellige udgangspukter begge diagrammet som kreativt redskab...

  8. Contact hypersensitivity after tongue piercing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ananta Herachakri P

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Recently tongue piercing has become increasingly popular in the society. Several case reports have presented various complications of tongue piercing. However, there is no scientific evidence about contact hypersensitivity to tongue piercing. Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the contact hypersensitivity after using tongue piercing. Methods: Nineteen male Rattus norvegicus were divided into three groups: group A treated with vaseline on the back and dorsum tongue (control group, group B (I treated with HgCl2 10% cream on the tongue dorsum, group B (II treated with tongue piercing for 10 days and group C with HgCl 2 10% cream on the back, ear lobe, and tongue, then re-exposure with same materials on ear, back and tongue for 24 and 48 hours. Before and after 24 and 48 hours applications, ear width was measured with sliding caliper. At the end of treatments, the rats were sacrificed. All tissue specimens were made for Hematoylin Eosine (H&E staining examination. The number of mononuclear cells was counted under light microscope Data was analyzed with One-Way ANOVA followed by LSD (p<0.05. Results: The result of this study showed that there were a significant difference of the thickness of ear lobe and the number of mononuclear cells (lymphocyte and monocyte among all groups. Conclusion: It is concluded that tongue piercing induce contact hypersensitivity.Latar belakang: Saat ini pemakaian tongue piercing sangat popular di masyarakat. Beberapa laporan kasus menunjukkan bahwa tongue piercing menimbulkan beberapa komplikasi. Namun, belum ada bukti ilmiah mengenai reaksi hipesensitivitas tongue piercing. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui reaksi hipersensitivitas setelah menggunakan tongue piercing. Metode: Sembilan belas tikus jantan Rattus novergicus yang dibagi dalam tiga kemlompok yaitu: grup A diberi perlakuan dengan vaselin pada punggung dan dorsum lidah, grup B (I diberi perlakuan dengan krim HgCl2 10% pada dorsum lidah dan B

  9. How Dr. Pierce Promoted Himself

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This article is about Dr. Raymond V Pierce who owned St. Vincent Island before it became a refuge. The doctor painted advertisements for his famous “Woman’s Tonic”...

  10. [Piercing: health education or medicalization?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meningaud, J P; Moutel, G; Hervé, C

    2000-06-10

    In Europe, the piercing mode has naturally been associated with specific complications raising an important public health problem. The debate on the role physicians should play requires a careful analysis of the ethical issues involved. Specifically, should the piercing be done in a medical setting? This question is raised because, when performed under ideal conditions, the act of piercing requires a certain degree of medical competency: history taking, asepsia, technical procedure (hemostasis), anesthesia.... However, mandatory medicalization would not, in our opinion, appear to be desirable since we are dealing with a social rite which lies outside the domain of specific medical care. Nevertheless, although we do not advocate systematic medicalization, we do believe that medicine should play a role, in terms of public health, in this emerging practice. We discuss the modalities of a health education dialogue which could be established with professional practicing piercing.

  11. Pericondrite pós-piercing Post-piercing perichondritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André de Paula Fernandez

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O uso de piercing tem se tornado uma prática muito freqüente entre os jovens. O procedimento na maioria vezes realizado por profissionais não-qualificados não é isento de riscos. O manuseio de material contaminado ou a higiene imprópria predispõem à pericondrite e à celulite. A pericondrite caracteriza-se pelo eritema do pavilhão auricular, dor intensa e febre. Sem tratamento, desenvolve-se um edema generalizado do pavilhão com formação de abscesso subpericondrial, podendo evoluir para necrose isquêmica da cartilagem e a temível deformidade estética conhecida como "orelha em couve flor". O agente responsável mais encontrado é o Pseudomonas aeruginosa. No estágio inicial da doença o tratamento pode ser feito com antibióticos de amplo espectro. Nos casos em que o abscesso está presente, a incisão e drenagem cirúrgica são obrigatórios acompanhado de antibioticoterapia guiado pela cultura e antibiograma. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste relato de caso é realizar uma revisão bibliográfica dos últimos 10 anos abordando os aspectos anatômicos do pavilhão auricular, a história do uso de piercing e suas mais conhecidas complicações. MÉTODO: Relato de um caso de pericondrite pós-piercing transcartilaginoso onde houve a necessidade de tratamento cirúrgico com praticamente nenhuma deformidade estética. RESULTADO: Aquisição de experiência teórico-prática através de revisão bibliográfica e relato de um caso de evolução favorável para a paciente. CONCLUSÃO: Incidência crescente das complicações de pericondrites na população jovem deve levar à prevenção primária mais elaborada.Piercing has become more and more popular among adolescents. The procedure is generally performed by unqualified professionals and carries its risk. Non-sterilized material or inappropiate hygiene increases the possibility of perichondritis and celulitis. The disease is characterized by erythema of the auricula pinna, unbearable pain

  12. Piercings en cabeza y cuello

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Los piercings corporales son una práctica habitual en la sociedad actual, y consisten en la perforación de un tejido para insertar un aro u otro elemento ornamental. Este procedimiento implica la creación de una puerta de entrada cutánea o mucosa que puede permitir el ingreso de microorganismos, además de la posible formación de cicatrices anómalas. Asimismo, el aro puede predisponer a otras complicaciones como reacciones de hipersensibilidad, desplazamientos o aspiración. Debido a esta ampli...

  13. Piercing and Tattoos - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home → Multiple Languages → All Health Topics → Piercing and Tattoos URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/languages/ ... XYZ List of All Topics All Piercing and Tattoos - Multiple Languages To use the sharing features on ...

  14. Rules of Appointment at Franklin Pierce College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franklyn Pierce Coll., Rindge, NH.

    This memorandum sets forth the regulations and procedures affecting appointments to the instructional faculty of Franklin Pierce College. Part A: General Provisions, includes information on faculty ranks, the procedure of appointment, the regular review, and normal retirement. Part B deals with the terms and conditions of appointment, including…

  15. Modeling and Optimization for Piercing Energy Consumption

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIAO Dong; PAN Xiao-li; YUAN Yong; MAO Zhi-zhong; WANG Fu-li

    2009-01-01

    Energy consumption is an important quality index in the production of seamless tubes. The complex factors affecting energy consumption make it difficult to build its mechanism model, and optimization is also very difficult, if not impossible. The piercing process was divided into three parts based on the production process, and an energy consumption prediction model was proposed based on the step mean value staged multiway partial least square meth-od. On the basis of the batch process prediction model, a genetic algorithm was adopted to calculate the optimum mean value of each process parameter and the minimum piercing energy consumption. Simulation proves that the op-timization method based on the energy consumption prediction model can obtain the optimum process parameters ef-fectively and also provide reliable evidences for practical production.

  16. Tongue piercing by a Yogi: QEEG observations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peper, Erik; Wilson, Vietta E; Gunkelman, Jay; Kawakami, Mitsumasa; Sata, Misa; Barton, William; Johnston, James

    2006-12-01

    : This study reports on the QEEG observations recorded from a yogi during tongue piercing in which he demonstrated voluntary pain control. The QEEG was recorded with a Lexicor 1620 from 19 sites with appropriate controls for impedence and artifacts. A neurologist read the data for abnormalities and the QEEG was analyzed by mapping, single and multiple hertz bins, coherence, and statistical comparisons with a normative database. The session included a meditation baseline and tongue piercing. During the meditative baseline period the yogi's QEEG maps suggesting that he was able to lower his brain activity to a resting state. This state showed a predominance of slow wave potentials (delta) during piercing and suggested that the yogi induced a state that may be similar to those found when individuals are under analgesia. Further research should be conducted with a group of individuals who demonstrate exceptional self-regulation to determine the underlying mechanisms, and whether the skills can be used to teach others how to manage pain.

  17. Self-piercing riveting properties, processes and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Chrysanthou, A

    2014-01-01

    Due to its speed, low energy requirements, and the fact that it does not require a pre-drilled hole, the technique of self-piercing riveting (SPR) has been increasingly adopted by many industries as a high-speed mechanical fastening technique for the joining of sheet material components. Self-piercing riveting comprehensively reviews the process, equipment, and corrosion behaviour of self-piercing riveting, and also describes the process of evaluation and modelling of strength of self-piercing riveted joints, quality control methods and non-destructive testing.Part one provides an exte

  18. Obituary: A. Keith Pierce, 1918 - 2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Livingston, William Charles

    2006-12-01

    A. Keith Pierce was a solar astronomer who will be remembered for bringing the physics lab to the telescope and for his design of the world's largest solar telescope, the 1.5-meter McMath Telescope on Kitt Peak in Arizona. Born in Lincoln, Nebraska, he died of cancer in Tucson on 11 March 2005. He was eighty-six. His father, Tracy Pierce, had gone to graduate school in Berkeley, California, with a major in mathematics and a minor in astronomy. Fellow students of his class included Seth Nicholson and Donald Shane, people who were later to influence young Keith's life. Tracy Pierce received an appointment as an instructor, later Professor, of mathematics at the University of Nebraska in Lincoln. In his spare time dad Tracy became something of a telescope nut, following "the bible" —Albert Ingall's A.T.M (Amateur Telescope Making). His enthusiasm rubbed off on his son. Seth Nicholson, who became a famous Mt. Wilson Observatory astronomer, and Donald Shane from Berkeley, both stayed at the Pierce home while on their Sigma Xi lecture tours. After two years at Lincoln, followed by two more at Berkeley, Keith had earned his bachelor's degree in astronomy. During World War II, Dr. Shane became personnel director at the E.O. Lawrence Radiation Lab and arranged for Keith to work there at the cyclotron. A crash program to produce U235 from U238 was under way. At a crucial point in 1942 the cyclotron turned out the sought-after material. Much celebration ensued among the Rad Lab leaders. During this gala, Keith was on the night-shift and pretty much on his own. It was then that he turned a valve to the right, when left was called for, and the entire system went down. Shortly thereafter he was sent to Oak Ridge for the duration of the war. He cannot have been thought of badly, however, because he was invited to the Trinity test in New Mexico. (He didn't go because of the pending birth of his first son, John.) The year 1945 found Keith back in Berkeley working on his Ph

  19. Julianne Pierce VNS Matrix / Julianne Pierce ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pierce, Julianne

    2006-01-01

    Intervjuu austraalia kunstniku Julianne Pierce'iga, kes koos Josephine Starrsi, Francesca da Rimini ja Virginia Barretiga lõi 1991. a. Sydney's naiskunstirühmituse VNS Matrix ning kirjutas "21. sajandi küberfeministliku manifesti". Rühmituse töödest

  20. Julianne Pierce VNS Matrix / Julianne Pierce ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pierce, Julianne

    2006-01-01

    Intervjuu austraalia kunstniku Julianne Pierce'iga, kes koos Josephine Starrsi, Francesca da Rimini ja Virginia Barretiga lõi 1991. a. Sydney's naiskunstirühmituse VNS Matrix ning kirjutas "21. sajandi küberfeministliku manifesti". Rühmituse töödest

  1. Remoção do piercing no perioperatório Remoción del piercing en el perioperatorio Perioperative removal of body piercing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solange Diccini

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available A permanência do piercing no intra-operatório pode ocasionar intercorrências. Este estudo teve como objetivo determinar as intervenções de enfermagem no pré-operatório e avaliar as complicações do piercing no intra-operatório. Durante a revisão da literatura, foram incluídos 16 artigos publicados de 1994 a 2006. Nove artigos (56,2% de intervenções de enfermagem no pré-operatório, quatro (25,0% de complicações do piercing no intra-operatório e três (18,8% sobre o uso do piercing no intra-operatório, não apresentando complicações. Concluímos que a presença de piercing oral durante o intra-operatório aumenta o risco de lesões e aspiração. No corpo, a presença do piercing pode causar lesões na pele, decorrentes da mobilização do paciente e queimaduras eletrocirúrgicas. Portanto, é necessária a retirada do piercing no pré-operatório.La permanencia del piercing en el intraoperatorio puede causar algún perjuicio. Pretendemos, determinar las intervenciones de enfermería en el preoperatorio y evaluar las complicaciones del piercing en el intraoperatorio. La revisión de la literatura mostró 16 artículos publicados de 1994 a 2006. Nueve (56,2% fueron de intervenciones de enfermería en el preoperatorio, cuatro (25,0% de complicaciones del piercing en intraoperatorio, tres (18,8% no mostraron complicaciones. Concluimos, la presencia del piercing oral, durante el intraoperatório aumenta el riesgo de aspiración y daño. En el cuerpo, puede causar heridas en la piel, provocadas por la movilización del enfermo y las quemaduras, debido al uso de bisturí eléctrico durante el acto intraoperatorio. Por consiguiente, es necesario retirar el piercing en el preoperatorio.The remaining of piercing in intraoperative can cause damages. This paper had as purpose defining the nursing interventions in the intraoperative and evaluates the complications caused by piercing in the intraoperative. This literature review had 16

  2. Oral Piercing and Oral Diseases: A Short Time Retrospective Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Inchingolo, Marco Tatullo, Fabio M. Abenavoli, Massimo Marrelli, Alessio D. Inchingolo, Antonio Palladino, Angelo M. Inchingolo, Gianna Dipalma

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Body piercing indicates the puncturing of a part of the body in which jewelry may be worn. In recent years, oral piercing is increasingly popular especially among young people. Body piercing has to be considered as a surgical procedure to all intents and purposes and, as such, has to be performed only by qualified personnel able to assure high standards of professionalism in facilities subject to sanitary inspections.The aim of the present work is to verify what risks patients may be exposed to and what complications may occur after a healthcare professional performs oral piercing.Our retrospective study includes 108 patients (74 males and 34 females aged between 14 and 39 years, who had oral piercing done 12±4 months earlier. All the patients underwent clinical examination to reveal the possible presence of late complications. After piercing, none of the 108 patients developed widespread complications.Although all patients said they had followed the piercers' instructions, 96% of them reported postoperative local complications such as bleeding within 12 hours of piercing (90%, perilesional edema for 3±2 days after piercing surgery (80%, and persistent mucosal atrophy (70%.

  3. Management of Retained Genital Piercings: A Case Report and Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura J. Moulton

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of genital piercing among women is increasing. As the popularity increases, the number of complications from infection, injury, and retained jewelry is likely to rise. Techniques to remove embedded jewelry are not well described in the literature. The purpose of this report was to describe a case of a patient with a retained clitoral glans piercing, discuss a simple technique for outpatient removal, and review current evidence regarding associated risks of clitoral piercings. A 24-year-old female presented to the emergency department with an embedded clitoral glans piercing. Local anesthetic was injected into the periclitoral skin and a small superficial vertical incision was made to remove the ball of the retained barbell safely. In conclusion, among patients with retained genital piercing, outpatient removal of embedded jewelry is feasible. While the practice of female genital piercing is not regulated, piercing of the glans of the clitoris is associated with increased injury to the nerves and blood supply of the clitoris structures leading to future fibrosis and diminished function compared to piercing of the clitoral hood.

  4. Management of Retained Genital Piercings: A Case Report and Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    The prevalence of genital piercing among women is increasing. As the popularity increases, the number of complications from infection, injury, and retained jewelry is likely to rise. Techniques to remove embedded jewelry are not well described in the literature. The purpose of this report was to describe a case of a patient with a retained clitoral glans piercing, discuss a simple technique for outpatient removal, and review current evidence regarding associated risks of clitoral piercings. A 24-year-old female presented to the emergency department with an embedded clitoral glans piercing. Local anesthetic was injected into the periclitoral skin and a small superficial vertical incision was made to remove the ball of the retained barbell safely. In conclusion, among patients with retained genital piercing, outpatient removal of embedded jewelry is feasible. While the practice of female genital piercing is not regulated, piercing of the glans of the clitoris is associated with increased injury to the nerves and blood supply of the clitoris structures leading to future fibrosis and diminished function compared to piercing of the clitoral hood. PMID:28299217

  5. Tattoos and Piercings: Attitudes, Behaviors, and Interpretations of College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horne, Jenn; Knox, David; Zusman, Jane; Zusman, Marty E.

    2007-01-01

    Previously, in those segments of America where "proper" behavior was valued, tattoos and body piercings were examples of what Goffman identified as "stigma"--they spoiled one's identity. Today, tattoos and piercings have become more mainstream. This study reports the survey of 400 undergraduates at a large southeastern university. Regarding…

  6. Application of hard coatings for blanking and piercing tools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Podgornik, B.; Zajec, B.; Bay, Niels

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the present investigation was to examine the possibility of reducing lubrication and replacing expensive tungsten carbide material in blanking/piercing through introduction of hard tool coatings. Results show that hard PVD coatings can be successfully used in blanking/piercing...... critical value under dry friction conditions and leads to tool failure. Therefore, at present oxidation and temperature resistant hard coatings can give improved wear resistance of stamping tools, but elimination of lubricants in blanking and piercing processes is still not feasible....

  7. Perceptions of a photograph of a woman with visible piercings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martino, Sara

    2008-08-01

    To examine perceptions of people with visible piercings 105 undergraduate students from four different courses on campus (85 women, 20 men; M age=20.0 yr., SD=3.4) were randomly assigned to rate a photograph of a women with or without piercings on her eyebrow, ear, lip, and nose on 13 characteristics. Analysis indicated the model with visible piercings was rated less religious and more creative, artistic, and mysterious. These findings differ from previous findings on perception of tattoos. Implications and directions for research with different age groups are discussed.

  8. Pierce Lumber, Inc. - Clean Water Act Public Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    The EPA is providing notice of a proposed Administrative Penalty Assessment against Pierce Lumber, Inc. (“Respondent”), located at 1629 13th Street, Belle Plaine, IA for alleged violations of its National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit (perm

  9. Pierce National Wildlife Refuge: Narrative Report: 1992: Calendar Year

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Pierce National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments for the 1992 calendar year. The report begins by giving Refuge highlights...

  10. Drawing Euler Diagrams with Circles: The Theory of Piercings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stapleton, Gem; Leishi Zhang; Howse, John; Rodgers, Peter

    2011-07-01

    Euler diagrams are effective tools for visualizing set intersections. They have a large number of application areas ranging from statistical data analysis to software engineering. However, the automated generation of Euler diagrams has never been easy: given an abstract description of a required Euler diagram, it is computationally expensive to generate the diagram. Moreover, the generated diagrams represent sets by polygons, sometimes with quite irregular shapes that make the diagrams less comprehensible. In this paper, we address these two issues by developing the theory of piercings, where we define single piercing curves and double piercing curves. We prove that if a diagram can be built inductively by successively adding piercing curves under certain constraints, then it can be drawn with circles, which are more esthetically pleasing than arbitrary polygons. The theory of piercings is developed at the abstract level. In addition, we present a Java implementation that, given an inductively pierced abstract description, generates an Euler diagram consisting only of circles within polynomial time.

  11. Behaviour and Modelling of Self-piercing Screw and Self-piercing Rivet Connections: An Experimental and Numerical Investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Sønstabø, Johan Kolstø; Holmstrøm, Petter Henrik

    2013-01-01

    Accurate and reliable models of connections are essential for the design of aluminium parts in cars. Today, there exist a few models customized for self-piercing rivets (SPR), but none for self-piercing screws (SPS). This thesis presents an experimental and numerical study on the behaviour of SPR and SPS connections for different loading situations. For the rolled base material, AA6016 in the T4 condition, uniaxial tension, plane strain tension and in-plane single shear tests were performe...

  12. Preliminary design for a pierce wiggler beamstick and addendum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pirkle, D.

    1988-05-01

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is developing a fast tunable microwave source for operation at 250 GHz and 10kW peak output power. This report presents the preliminary design of a Pierce gun and solenoid magnet that will be compatible with a Pierce-wiggler electron beam formation system (beamstick). The beamstick will be an appropriate power source for a tunable gyro-BWO at 250 GHz. Figure 1 presents the major components of the Pierce-wiggler beamstick: the electron gun, solenoid, beam tunnel, wiggler, and vacuum valve. Figure 2 shows an artistic conception of how the beamstick will interface with the interaction magnet, modulator and gyro-BWO circuit at MIT. 15 figs.

  13. Tattoos, piercing, and sexual behaviors in young adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowosielski, Krzysztof; Sipiński, Adam; Kuczerawy, Ilona; Kozłowska-Rup, Danuta; Skrzypulec-Plinta, Violetta

    2012-09-01

    Body piercing and tattooing are accepted by a growing number of teenagers and young adults as a way of self-expressing. Some authors suggest association between body piercings/tattoos and early sexual initiation, higher number of sexual partners, or risky sexual behaviors. The aim of the study was to evaluate sexual behaviors among young adults with body modifications (BMs)--tattoos and piercings. One hundred twenty young healthy adults, ages between 20 and 35, were included in the population study. The study group was divided into three subgroups: controls (N = 60), adults with tattoos (N = 28), and adults with piercings (N = 32). The research instrument was a self-prepared questionnaire containing 59 questions assessing socioepidemiological parameters, sexual behaviors, incidents of sexual harassment in the past, and self-attractiveness evaluation, as well as questions concerning tattoos and piercings. Socioepidemiological variables and sexual behaviors were compared between subgroups. To assess and describe the correlation between having BM--tattoos and piercing--and sexual behaviors in the population of young adults by using the logistic regression model. Adults with BMs have had their first intercourse statistically earlier and were more sexually active compared with controls. There were no statically significant differences in sexual orientation, sexual preferences, engaging in risky sexual behaviors, frequency of masturbation, and history of sexual abuse between the groups. In contrast, the frequency of sexual intercourses was statistically higher and oral sex was more likely to be a dominant sexual activity in adults with BM compared with controls. The multivariate logistic model revealed that adults with BM were four times less likely to participate in religious practices and twice more likely to have early sexual initiation. Having BM is associated with early sexual initiation and more liberal attitudes toward sexual behaviors but not with engaging in

  14. The strength analysis of the wave piercing buoy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Dong; Li, Wenhua; Chen, Xinyang; Chen, Haiquan

    2017-04-01

    The wave piercing buoy in this paper is different with the traditional cylindrical buoy, it is made by ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) and has six middle pontoons. In order to guarantee the stability of the buoy structure, it is necessary to carry out the strength analysis. This paper use the ANSYS software to carry on the simulation analysis to the buoy, and the result of it is compare with the actual operation, therefore ensure the strength of the wave piercing buoy meet the related requirements.

  15. 78 FR 78808 - Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations for Pierce County, Washington, and Incorporated Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... Pierce County, Washington, and Incorporated Areas AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS... its proposed rule concerning proposed flood elevation determinations for Pierce County, Washington... sources in Pierce County, Washington. On April 16, 2012, FEMA published a proposed rulemaking at 77 FR...

  16. 27 CFR 478.37 - Manufacture, importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... and sale of armor piercing ammunition. 478.37 Section 478.37 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms..., importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition. No person shall manufacture or import, and no manufacturer or importer shall sell or deliver, armor piercing ammunition, except: (a) The manufacture or...

  17. 78 FR 4804 - Revision to the Washington State Implementation Plan; Tacoma-Pierce County Nonattainment Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revision to the Washington State Implementation Plan; Tacoma- Pierce County... (CAA) requirements related to the Tacoma-Pierce County nonattainment area for the 2006 fine particulate... Tacoma-Pierce County Clean Air Task Force, an advisory committee of community leaders, citizen...

  18. 27 CFR 478.92 - How must licensed manufacturers and licensed importers identify firearms, armor piercing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... manufacturers and licensed importers identify firearms, armor piercing ammunition, and large capacity ammunition..., armor piercing ammunition, and large capacity ammunition feeding devices? (a)(1) Firearms. You, as a... (bases). (b) Armor piercing ammunition—(1) Marking of ammunition. Each licensed manufacturer or licensed...

  19. 75 FR 14467 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Pierce College District, Lakewood, WA, and Thomas Burke Memorial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-25

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Pierce College District, Lakewood, WA, and Thomas... in the control of the Pierce College District, Lakewood, WA, and in the physical custody of the... human remains were most likely removed from Gig Harbor, Pierce County, WA. This notice is published as...

  20. The Separation of School and State: Pierce Reconsidered

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arons, Stephen

    1976-01-01

    Does the Constitution protect parents' right to pass their values along to their children? Author argues that it does, basing his contention on the language and the history of Pierce v. Society of Sisters, the landmark decision that guaranteed private schools' right to do business. (Editor/RK)

  1. George Pierce Baker's "Principles of Argumentation": "Completely Logical"?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bordelon, Suzanne

    2006-01-01

    The article contends that previous scholars have misread George Pierce Baker's efforts by focusing primarily on "The Principles of Argumentation" and the role of logic. Baker's view of logic was more complex than scholars have claimed. He challenged traditional concepts of formal logic, highlighting only those aspects that would help students…

  2. Pierce County High School: Excellence Is the Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Principal Leadership, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This article features Pierce County High School in rural southeast Georgia whose 965 students, almost half of whom are from economically disadvantaged families, have demonstrated what a focus on student learning can accomplish. In 2004, the school ranked at the bottom of the state in students passing the high school graduation tests, and only 55%…

  3. Scaling properties of Wilson loops pierced by P-vortices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dunn, Patrick; Greensite, Jeffrey Paul

    2012-01-01

    these ratios are plotted versus loop area in physical units, for a range of lattice couplings, it is found that the points fall approximately on a single curve, consistent with scaling. We also find that the ratios are rather insensitive to the point where the minimal area of the loop is pierced by the P-vortex....

  4. Psychosocial Adjustment of College Students with Tattoos and Piercings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberti, Jonathan W.; Storch, Eric A.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the association between body modification practices and psychosocial adjustment. Participants were 198 undergraduate college students, 129 of whom had I or more piercings (other than in earlobe) or tattoos. Findings showed that individuals with body modifications reported more symptoms of depression and…

  5. A New Keyboard for the Bohlen-Pierce Scale

    CERN Document Server

    Nassar, Antonio

    2011-01-01

    The study of harmonic scales of musical instruments is discussed in all introductory physics texts devoted to the science of sound. In this paper, we present a new piano keyboard to make the so-called Bohlen-Pierce scale more functional and pleasing for composition and performance.

  6. Just a personal thing? A qualitative account of health behaviours and values associated with body piercing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randall, Jason A; Sheffield, David

    2013-03-01

    This study investigates the perceptions of individuals with body piercings in relation to health behaviours and values specifically taking into account piercing location. A qualitative study that employed a series of in-depth, semi-structured individual interviews using thematic analysis to analyse data. Nine individuals with a range of piercings were recruited and semi-structured interviews were carried out in a West Midlands piercing studio. The analysis identified themes relating to the presence of body piercings that included a range of health-related outcomes such as physical appearance, health behaviours, addiction and impressions. A possible relationship between oral piercings and 'crash dieting' was also identified. The results suggest that from the comments made the presence of body piercings is not related to any particular health concern, which is instead comparable to the general population. These results contradict previous studies citing a relationship with high-risk health behaviours. Further large-scale studies examining these findings are warranted.

  7. Patients' perceptions of patient care providers with tattoos and/or body piercings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westerfield, Heather V; Stafford, Amy B; Speroni, Karen Gabel; Daniel, Marlon G

    2012-03-01

    This study evaluated patients' perceptions of patient care providers with visible tattoos and/or body piercings. As tattooing and body piercing are increasingly popular, research that informs nursing administrators regarding policies on patient care providers having visible tattoos and body piercings is warranted. A total of 150 hospitalized adult patients compared pictures of male and female patient care providers in uniform with and without tattoos and/or nonearlobe body piercings. Patient care providers with visible tattoos and/or body piercings were not perceived by patients in this study as more caring, confident, reliable, attentive, cooperative, professional, efficient, or approachable than nontattooed or nonpierced providers. Tattooed female providers were perceived as less professional than male providers with similar tattoos. Female providers with piercings were perceived as less confident, professional, efficient, and approachable than nonpierced female providers. Nursing administrators should develop and/or evaluate policies regarding patient care providers with visible tattoos and/or body piercings.

  8. A power ramped pulsed mode laser piercing technique for improved CO 2 laser profile cutting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tirumala Rao, B.; Ittoop, M. O.; Kukreja, L. M.

    2009-11-01

    Laser piercing is one of the inevitable requirements of laser profile cutting process and it has a direct bearing on the quality of the laser cut profiles. We have developed a novel power ramped pulsed mode (PRPM) laser piercing technique to produce much finer pierced holes and to achieve a better control on the process parameters compared to the existing methodology based on normal pulsed mode (NPM). Experiments were carried out with both PRPM and NPM laser piercing on 1.5-mm-thick mild steel using an in-house developed high-power transverse flow continuous wave (CW)-CO 2 laser. Significant improvements in the spatter, circularity of the pierced hole and reproducibility were achieved through the PRPM technique. We studied, in detail, the dynamics of processes involved in PRPM laser piercing and compared that with those of the NPM piercing.

  9. Triple inverter pierce oscillator circuit suitable for CMOS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wessendorf; Kurt O.

    2007-02-27

    An oscillator circuit is disclosed which can be formed using discrete field-effect transistors (FETs), or as a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) integrated circuit. The oscillator circuit utilizes a Pierce oscillator design with three inverter stages connected in series. A feedback resistor provided in a feedback loop about a second inverter stage provides an almost ideal inverting transconductance thereby allowing high-Q operation at the resonator-controlled frequency while suppressing a parasitic oscillation frequency that is inherent in a Pierce configuration using a "standard" triple inverter for the sustaining amplifier. The oscillator circuit, which operates in a range of 10 50 MHz, has applications for use as a clock in a microprocessor and can also be used for sensor applications.

  10. The impairment of Presidents Pierce and Coolidge after traumatic bereavement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, Jonathan R T; Connor, Kathryn M

    2008-01-01

    The impact of bereavement in heads of government has been little studied. Two US presidents lost their teenaged sons in a traumatic manner, leaving them profoundly affected as they struggled to serve in office. We describe the bereavements of Presidents Franklin Pierce and Calvin Coolidge, using biographical and source material. Pierce and Coolidge were adversely affected by their bereavements, which almost certainly rendered them less effective in the discharge of their duties. The loss of their sons had a devastating effect on both men and deprived their presidential service of significant personal meaning. Lincoln's resilience in similar circumstances offers a contrasting perspective, however. We conclude that the psychiatric consequences of losing a child can adversely affect heads of government, may cause clinically significant distress, altered behavior, and reduced ability to provide effective leadership.

  11. The Development of Piezo-Driven Tools for Cellular Piercing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Changhai Ru

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Conventionally, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI in the mouse is conducted with piezo-drills that use a droplet of mercury for damping. The use of mercury causes concerns of toxicity and contamination. Although Fluorinert can be used as a substitute for mercury to reduce piezo-drill’s lateral vibration, the damping effect is not as satisfactory as mercury. In this work, a modified piezo-drill without using mercury was developed for the cellular piercing of mouse oocytes. Experimentally, appropriate parameters of driving voltage and frequency were obtained for the penetration of the zona pellucida of mouse oocytes. Furthermore, the lateral vibration of the injection pipette is lower than 1 μm in deionized water, which is not observable at 400 magnificence. With the piezo-drill without using mercury, the system performs the cellular piercing of mouse oocytes with a maximum cleavage rate of 94.7% (n = 117.

  12. Pierce - University of Georgia | Division of Cancer Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Principal Investigator: J. Michael Pierce, PhDInstitution: University of Georgia, Athens, GA Our project, Discovery and Development of Cancer Glycomarkers, is a joint collaboration between our laboratories at the CCRC, which include Karen Abbott, Lance Wells, Kevin Dobbin, and Mike Tiemeyer, those at TGen, in Phoenix, AZ, Daniel Von Hoff, Haiyong Han, and Mike Demeure, and Caerus Discovery in Manassas, VA, which includes Cohava Gelber and S?ren Mogelsvang. |

  13. Fisher Pierce products for improving distribution system reliability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The challenges facing the electric power utility today in the 1990s has changed significantly from those of even 10 years ago. The proliferation of automation and the personnel computer have heightened the requirements and demands put on the electric distribution system. Today`s customers, fighting to compete in a world market, demand quality, uninterrupted power service. Privatization and the concept of unregulated competition require utilities to streamline to minimize system support costs and optimize power delivery efficiency. Fisher Pierce, serving the electric utility industry for over 50 years, offers a line of products to assist utilities in meeting these challenges. The Fisher Pierce Family of products provide tools for the electric utility to exceed customer service demands. A full line of fault indicating devices are offered to expedite system power restoration both locally and in conjunction with SCADA systems. Fisher Pierce is the largest supplier of roadway lighting controls, manufacturing on a 6 million dollar automated line assuring the highest quality in the world. The distribution system capacitor control line offers intelligent local or radio linked switching control to maintain system voltage and Var levels for quality and cost efficient power delivery under varying customer loads. Additional products, designed to authenticate revenue metering calibration and verify on sight metering service wiring, help optimize the profitability of the utility assuring continuous system service improvements for their customers.

  14. In Vitro Study on the Adhesion and Colonization of Candida Albicans on Metal and Acrylic Piercings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stamenov N.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Oral/perioral piercing may provide an ideal environment for adhesion and colonization of microorganisms. The aim of this study is to perform an “in vitro” research on the capabilities of adhesion of Candida albicans on oral piercings made of plastic and metal. Acrylic and metal piercings were incubated with Candida albicans and then were observed using scanning electron microscopy under different magnifications. A lot of irregularities and roughness were observed on the surface of the plastic piercing unlike the surface of the metal one, which is not so rough. Nevertheless, the number of Candida albicans colonies was considerably larger on the scanned metal surface in comparison to the plastic surface. In vitro the metal surface of the piercing creates better environment for the adhesion and colonization of microorganisms than the acrylic. This could be attributed to the electrostatic forces that most likely attract Candida albicans to the metal piercing in the early stages of biofilm formation.

  15. Design of a High Speed Planing Hull with a Cambered Step and Surface Piercing Hydrofoils

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Design of a High Speed Planing Hull with a Cambered Step and Surface Piercing Hydrofoils by Leon Alexander Faison Bachelor of Science in...Speed Planing Hull with a Cambered Step and Surface Piercing Hydrofoils 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S...cambered step and stern, surface piercing hydrofoils , commonly known as a Dynaplane hull. This configuration combines the drag reduction benefits of a

  16. BILATERAL PERICHONDRITIS OF PINNA FOLLOWING PIERCING OF HELIX – A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajamani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Piercing of Helix of pinna is a social custom of certain communities in Northern Tamil Nadu. Such a “high helical” piercing is well known to cause Perichondritis of Pinna. Most of the times such a Perichondritis is unilateral. Here we present a case of Bilateral Perichondritis of pinna, following ear piercing, first time from India subcontinent. We also highlight some practical points on management of such cases.

  17. Fibre laser piercing of mild steel: the effects of power intensity, gas type and pressure

    OpenAIRE

    Hashemzadeh, M.; Powell, J.; Voisey, K.T.

    2014-01-01

    Laser piercing is used to generate a starting point for laser cutting. The pierced hole is normally larger than the kerf width, which means that it cannot lie on the cut line. An experimental program investigating the piercing process as a function of laser and assist gas parameters is presented. An Nd:YAG fibre laser with a maximum power of 2 kW was used in continuous wave mode to pierce holes in 2 mm thick mild steel. Oxygen and nitrogen were used as assist gases, with pressures ranging fro...

  18. Fibre laser piercing of mild steel - The effects of power intensity, gas type and pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashemzadeh, M.; Powell, J.; Voisey, K. T.

    2014-04-01

    Laser piercing is used to generate a starting point for laser cutting. The pierced hole is normally larger than the kerf width, which means that it cannot lie on the cut line. An experimental programme investigating the piercing process as a function of laser and assist gas parameters is presented. An Nd:YAG fibre laser with a maximum power of 2 kW was used in continuous wave mode to pierce holes in 2 mm thick mild steel. Oxygen and nitrogen were used as assist gases, with pressures ranging from 0.3 to 12 bar. The sizes, geometries and piercing time of the holes produced have been analysed. The pierced hole size decreases with increasing gas pressure and increasing laser power. Oxygen assist gas produced larger diameter holes than nitrogen. A new technique is presented which produces pierced holes no larger than the kerf with and would allow the pierced hole to lie on the cut line of the finished product - allowing better material usage. This uses an inclined jet of nitrogen when piercing prior to oxygen assisted cutting.

  19. Experimental Characterization of Supercavitating Finds Piercing a Ventilated Supercavity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    1.1 Cavitation 1 1.2 Supercavitation 3 1.3 Supercavitating Hydrofoils 8 1.4 Surface Piercing Hydrofoils 13 1.5 Hydrodynamic Forces 14 1.6 Project...Cavitation on Traditional and Supercavitating Hydrofoil Sections, Adapted from (Auslaender, 1962) 9 1.5 Leading Edge Vibration on a Supercavitating Fin with a...for a Flat Plate Hydrofoil vs. Angle of Attack and Cavitation Number using Wu’s Free Streamline Theory (Wu, 1955). 21 2.3 Estimated Lift and Drag for

  20. Edge state and crisis in the Pierce diode

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Munoz, Pablo R.; Rempel, Erico L. [Institute of Aeronautical Technology (ITA) and World Institute for Space Environment Research (WISER), CTA/ITA/IEFM, Sao Jose dos Campos-SP 12228-900 (Brazil); Barroso, Joaquim J. [National Institute for Space Research (INPE) and World Institute for Space Environment Research (WISER), P. O. Box 515, Sao Jose dos Campos-SP 12227-010 (Brazil); Chian, Abraham C.-L. [National Institute for Space Research (INPE) and World Institute for Space Environment Research (WISER), P. O. Box 515, Sao Jose dos Campos-SP 12227-010 (Brazil); Observatoire de Paris, LESIA, CNRS, 92195 Meudon (France)

    2012-09-15

    We study the chaotic dynamics of the Pierce diode, a simple spatially extended system for collisionless bounded plasmas, focusing on the concept of edge of chaos, the boundary that separates transient from asymptotic dynamics. We fully characterize an interior crisis at the end of a periodic window, thereby showing direct evidence of the collision between a chaotic attractor, a chaotic saddle, and the edge of chaos, formed by a period-3 unstable periodic orbit and its stable manifold. The edge of chaos persists after the interior crisis, when the global attractor of the system increases its size in the phase space.

  1. Primary Cutaneous Chrysosporium Infection following Ear Piercing: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poonkiat Suchonwanit

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Chrysosporium is a large genus of saprophytic fungi that is commonly found in the soil. Infection caused by this organism is rare in humans and typically occurs in immunocompromised patients. Primary cutaneous Chrysosporium infection is relatively rare and has been reported in a heart transplant patient. The prognosis is usually favorable, but very poor in the setting of persistent profound immunosuppression. We herein report a case of primary cutaneous Chrysosporium infection following ear piercing in an immunocompetent patient. It is important for clinicians to consider this condition in patients with slow-onset skin and soft tissue infection following cutaneous injury, even in an immunocompetent setting.

  2. Adolescent and Young Adult Tattooing, Piercing, and Scarification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breuner, Cora C; Levine, David A

    2017-09-18

    Tattoos, piercing, and scarification are now commonplace among adolescents and young adults. This first clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics on voluntary body modification will review the methods used to perform the modifications. Complications resulting from body modification methods, although not common, are discussed to provide the pediatrician with management information. Body modification will be contrasted with nonsuicidal self-injury. When available, information also is presented on societal perceptions of body modification. Copyright © 2017 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

  3. Tattoos and Piercing: A Review for the Emergency Department Physician

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William K. Mallon

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Tattoos and piercings are increasingly part of everyday life for large sections of the population, and more emergency physicians are seeing these body modifications (BM adorn their patients. In this review we elucidate the most common forms of these BMs, we describe how they may affect both the physical and psychological health of the patient undergoing treatment, and also try to educate around any potential pitfalls in treating associated complications. [West J Emerg Med. 2011;12(4:393–398.

  4. Occupational accidents with piercing and cutting instruments in hospital nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Helena Palucci Marziale

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Goals: To identify factors associated with occupational accidents caused by piercing and cutting instruments and to identify the consequences of these accidents.Methods: Descriptive field research. Data were obtained through semi-structured interviews with nurses who suffered accidents during one year in four hospitals at São Paulo State - Brazil. Results: factors associated with accidents were: work overload, poor quality material, inadequate disposal materials, professional negligence, clients’ aggressiveness, lack of attention and use of unsheathed needles. The accidents caused financial damages to the institutions as well as emotional and physical impairments to workers. Conclusions: There are several factors associated with accidents with piercing and cutting instruments. Therefore, preventive measures must be implemented according to the peculiarities of each work environment. Better care should be taken with the preparation of the professionals as well as with the information on risks from exposure to body/blood fluids they are given. A specific legislation is needed in our country in order to minimize this problem.

  5. Reflections on Dean Truman Pierce as Educator, Boss, Mentor and Friend

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, J. Foster

    2012-01-01

    The author was invited to submit a reflective piece relative to his relationships with Dean Truman Pierce over the years to be presented on "The 30th Anniversary Celebration of the Truman Pierce Institute" at Auburn University. It was included in the program for the event.

  6. Tattooing and body piercing--what motivates you to do it?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antoszewski, Bogusław; Sitek, Aneta; Fijałkowska, Marta; Kasielska, Anna; Kruk-Jeromin, Julia

    2010-09-01

    Body ornamentation is becoming more and more popular, especially among young people. To establish the sociodemographic characteristics of people with tattoos or body piercing and to analyze the motivations for body ornamentation. The questionnaire studies were undertaken in Lodz--one of the largest cities in Poland. The data was collected from a group of 968 people, 476 of whom had a piercing and 492 a permanent tattoo. Statistical analysis revealed that in the group of people with a tattoo, 36.8% were female and 63.2% were male. Contrary proportions were noted among people with a piercing: 78.8% female and 21.2% male. Body piercing is significantly more popular among women while tattooing is more popular in men. Among adolescents, body piercing is performed considerably earlier than tattooing. The main reasons for body ornamenting in the Polish population are the desire to enhance one's individuality and the need to increase sexual attractiveness.

  7. Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour about Tattoo and Piercing among University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeşim Şenol

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Special Study Modules were firstly introduced five years ago at Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine. The learning of basic concepts related with the skin and skin decorative arts, scientific presentations, informational society brochure were aimed in skin decorative arts such as tattoos and piercing, special study module. Methods: Four students admitted special study module opened in 2008-2009 academic year and 7 students in 2009-2010. Students organized a questionnaire to reveal the need for information on the subject. A questionnaire for tattoo and piercing were applied to students of Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Fine Arts and the Faculty of Education. Presentation was performed in accordance with the requirements revealed by the questionnaire form and prepared leaflets were distributed to the students. Results: The prevalence of tattooing and body piercing was 12.3% in all students (n=154. 47.6% (n=10 for only tattoo, 42.9% (n=9 for only piercing, 9.6% (n=2 for both tattoo and piercing. Of the Medical Faculty students, 6.3% reported having both piercing and tattoo; 10.5% of the Faculty of Education students reported having both tattoo and piercing and 25.5% of the Faculty of Fine Arts students reported having both piercing and tattoo. Students of Medical Faculty gave more correct answers about the information of tattoo and piercing. Fine Arts students enjoyed getting tattoo and piercing more than other students and they applied these procedures at the maximum rate. Information levels about complications after the procedures were not adequate among the subjects practiced these applications. Conclusion: Our study emphasized the necessity of the studies for informing individuals about the art of skin decoration.

  8. 27 CFR 478.149 - Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Armor piercing ammunition... Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation. The provisions of §§ 478.37 and 478.99(d) with respect to the manufacture or importation of armor piercing...

  9. Rotating black holes pierced by a cosmic string

    CERN Document Server

    Kubiznak, David

    2015-01-01

    A rotating black hole threaded by an infinitely long cosmic string is studied in the framework of the Abelian Higgs model. We show that contrary to a common belief in the presence of rotation the backreaction of the string does not induce a simple conical deficit. This leads to new distinct features of the Kerr--string system such as modified ISCO or shifted ergosphere, though these effects are most likely outside the range of observational precision. For an extremal rotating black hole, the system exhibits a first-order phase transition for the gravitational Meissner effect: small black holes exhibit a flux-expelled solution, with the gauge and scalar field remaining identically in their false vacuum state on the event horizon, whereas the horizon of large black holes is pierced by the vortex. A brief review prepared for the MG14 Proceedings.

  10. Ulcer piercing: cleansing of complicated diabetic neuropathic foot ulcers by positive pressure irrigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavallini, M

    2014-02-01

    To demonstrate the efficacy of the ulcer piercing procedure, which allows constant cleansing of the ulcer and facilitates a positive pressure irrigation of any pierced hidden tracts, in order to reduce the negative impact of stasis on wound healing. We designed a surgical procedure of ulcer piercing and drainage with a silastic tube, which allows positive pressure irrigation of any pierced tracts. This procedure was performed in a continuous series of 25 selected diabetic patients affected by a Wagner stage 3 ulcer of the toe (n=16), metatarsal midfoot (n=5) and plantar Charcot foot (n=4), and with adequate foot arterial blood supply. Within 6 months of the ulcer piercing procedure, 23/25 of ulcers had completely healed. In two further cases, the ulcer piercing ring was still in place after 3 and 5 months, progressively healing with no active signs of infection. Taking into consideration the advantages and the lack of side effects afforded by this procedure, ulcer piercing represents a small but effective step towards an easier and safer approach to treating complicated diabetic neuropathic foot ulcers with adequate arterial blood supply. There were no external sources of funding for this study. The author has no conflicts of interest to declare with regard to the manuscript or its content.

  11. High ear-piercing: an increasingly popular procedure with serious complications. Is good clinical practice exercised?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, Marie; Stephens, Joanna; Wasson, Joseph; DeZoysa, Nilantha; Vlastarakos, Petros V

    2012-03-01

    This study aimed to explore the current practice of performing high ear-piercing regarding consent protocols, and methods of practice using questionnaire-based survey in Hertfordshire and North London. Recommendations for good clinical practice are also made. 100 establishments performing ear piercing were identified. A 16-item questionnaire on techniques used, methods of high-ear piercing, methods of sterilization, consent issues and aftercare was completed. Seventy-six establishments agreed to participate. All practitioners prepared the skin before piercing. 58 (76%) used a needle for piercing, 11 (15%) used a spring-loaded gun and seven (9%) used both. 97% of the practitioners obtained written consent before proceeding. 9 (12%) had a lower age limit of 16 years and three (4%) of 18 years. 27 piercers (36%) provided an aftercare leaflet, 41 (54%) warned the patients about risks of infection, 16 (21%) warned about cosmetic deformity and 1 (1%) specifically mentioned cauliflower ear. Results indicated that high ear piercing is an invasive procedure with a significant risk of complications leading to cosmetic deformity. Establishments should be required to counsel patients properly about the risks and potential complications of the procedure. A code of practice should be drawn up with a minimum age for piercing, requirement for proper consent, excellent hygiene and good information for postoperative care.

  12. Reaksi Radang pada Lidah dengan Tongue Piercing (Kajian in vivo pada Lidah Tikus Jantan Sprague dawley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feby Aryani

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Today tongue piercing has become increasingly popular in the society. Several case reports associated with tongue piercing have presented various complications, such as tooth fracture, viral infection (HIV, Hepatitis B and C, herpes simplex, Epstein Barr, fungal infection (Candida spp, pain altered taste, edema, paresthesis, gingival recession, prolonged bleeding, contact dermatitis. However, there is no scientific evidence to reveal hispathological change in tongue piercing. The aim of this study is to investigate the inflammation response to tongue piercing in Spraque Dawley rats. Eighteen Sprague Dawley rats were divided into one control group of 3 untreated rats and three experimental groups of 5 rats each, according to the duration of tongue piercing until the end of 1st week (A, 6th week (B and 12th week (C. At the end of treatments, the rats were anesthetized and sacrifices. Paraffin embedded tongue specimens were prepared for histological examination with H&E stainig. The number of inflammatory cells (PMN leukocytes, lymphocytes, macrophages was counted under light microscope. All experimental procedures were carried out under approval of study protocol by the Health and Medical Research Ethics Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta. The results of this study indicated that the number of PMN leukocytes, lymphocytes, and macrophages was increasing to the 1st week after tongue piercing. The number of lymphocytes and macrohpages was still increasing after 6th and 12th weeks of piercing, but the bumber of PMN leukocytes, lymphocytes, and macrophages between the groups of 1st, 6th, and 12th weeks after piercing. It was concluded that tongue piercing induce inflammatory response for 12 weeks in Sprague Dawley rats.

  13. Face piercing (body art: choosing pleasure vs. possible pain and posture instability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric eMatheron

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Piercings (body art, i.e. with jewelry are more and more widespread. They can induce various complications such as infections, allergies, headaches, and various skin, cartilage, or dental problems which will lead to economic effects on health-care systems. We draw attention to other possible side effects resulting from face piercing complications such as eye misalignment, decreased postural control efficiency, and nonspecific chronic back pain. We found that the origin was pierced jewelry on the face. Removing the jewelry restored eye alignment, improved postural control, and alleviated back pain in a lasting way. This observation is important for health; further investigations would be of interest.

  14. Application of Hard Coatings for Improved Tribological Performance of Blanking and Piercing Tools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Podgornik, B.; Zajec, B.; Bay, Niels

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the present investigation was to examine the possibility of reducing lubrication and replacing expensive tungsten carbide material in blanking/piercing through introduction of hard tool coatings. Results show that hard PVD coatings can be successfully used in blanking/piercing...... critical value under dry friction conditions and leads to tool failure. Therefore, at present oxidation and temperature resistant hard coatings can give improved wear resistance of stamping tools, but elimination of lubricants in blanking and piercing processes is still not feasible....

  15. 75 FR 32855 - Safety Zone; Pierce County, WA, Department of Emergency Management, Regional Water Exercise

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-10

    ... Management, Regional Water Exercise AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Pierce County, Washington, Department of Emergency Management is sponsoring a Regional Water Rescue... County, Washington, Department of Emergency Management is sponsoring a Regional Water Rescue Exercise...

  16. Pierce's Memorandum Account Book Designed for Farmers, Mechanics, and All People

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is a memorandum account book containing advertisements for medications developed by Dr. R.V. Pierce, former owner of St. Vincent Island.

  17. Pierce and Franz Lake National Wildlife Refuges: Narrative Report: 1991: Calendar Year

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Pierce National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments for the 1991 calendar year. The report begins by giving Refuge highlights...

  18. Instantaneous mechanical fastening of quasi-isotropic CFRP laminates by a self-piercing rivet

    OpenAIRE

    上田, 政人; 三宅, 崇太郎; 長谷川, 寛幸; 平野, 義鎭; Ueda, Masahito; Miyake, Sotaro; Hasegawa, Hiroyuki; Hirano, Yoshiyasu

    2012-01-01

    A modified self-piercing rivet (SPR) has been proposed to mechanically fasten CFRP laminates. The modified SPR consists of a rivet body and two flat washers. The two flat washers were used to suppress delamination in the CFRP laminates at the point of piercing. The advantages of the modified SPR for fastening CFRP laminates are instantaneous process time and low cost. Any pretreatments such as surface treatments or hole drilling are not required. In this study, the viability of the modified S...

  19. A Simulation for the Punchless Piercing Process using Lemaitre Damage Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sang Wook; Pourboghrat, Farhang

    2005-08-01

    The punchless piercing is a process that uses highly pressurized fluid instead of the conventional punch to make holes into the sheet metal. This process has many advantages over the conventional method for piercing various shaped holes into very thin strips of metal, composite, etc. An important cost advantage comes from not having to use a punch. Another important advantage comes from the top quality of pierced holes produced by punchless piercing, as no secondary finishing process will be needed for removing burrs typically found in conventional cutting processes. The ABAQUS/Explicit FEM code coupled with Lemaitre damage model has been used to more precisely characterize the punchless piercing process. The formulation adopted for this purpose focuses on the development of an efficient stress integration algorithm and development of a user material subroutine (VUMAT). For verification, the computed results have been compared with those of the experimental results in the literature and shown to be in good agreement with each other. The results obtained from this work are expected to be of significant interest to automotive and aerospace industries interested in using the punchless piercing process.

  20. Profile of oral piercing users and implications resulting from its use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeferson da Costa Marchiori

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To identify the profile of oral piercing users and the possible implications resulting from its use, as well as explaining to dentists about the possible consequences to their patients as a result of wearing this type of jewelry in the oral region.Methods: Fifty-one oral piercing users were interviewed. They were aged between 18 and 42 year, from different social classes, and resident in the city of Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.Results: Based on the questionnaires analyzed, the majority of users had tongue or lip piercing as a way to express identity, and 45% reported the occurrence of some type of oral and/or general alteration associated with the use of piercings. Conclusion: The majority of alterations are harmful to the piercing user’s health, therefore, professionals in the Dentistry area must be warnedto explain to their patients, who use oral piercings, about the consequences that may occur and the need for special care to ameliorate these problems.

  1. Modified Contact Line Dynamics about a Surface-Piercing Hydrofoil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grivel, Morgane; Jeon, David; Gharib, Morteza

    2016-11-01

    The contact line around a surface-piercing hydrofoil is modified by introducing alternating hydrophobic and hydrophilic bands along one side of the body. These bands are either aligned perpendicular or parallel to the flow direction. The other side of the hydrofoil is un-patterned and retains its original, uniformly hydrophilic properties. The hydrofoil is mounted onto air bearings, such that it can freely move side-to-side in the water tunnel. A force sensor is attached to the setup via a universal joint in order to measure the forces acting on the body for several Reynolds numbers (ranging from 104 to 105) and angles of attack (ranging from -10o to 10o) . Cameras are also used to record the resulting flow structures and free surface elevation. The generation of wave trains and an altered free-surface elevation (also associated with the generation of surface waves) are observed over a wide range flow conditions. Force measurements elucidate how introducing these flow features impacts the forces acting on the hydrofoil, specifically with regards to the generation of lateral forces due to the asymmetric wetting conditions on either side of the hydrofoil. Work is funded by ONR Grant N00014-11-1-0031 and NSF GRFP Grant DGE-1144469.

  2. Nonlinear diffraction effects around a surface-piercing structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lalli, F.; Mascio, A. Di; Landrini, M. [Istituto Nazionale per Studi ed Esperienze di Architettura Navale, Rome (Italy)

    1995-12-31

    In the present paper the interaction of a wave system with a submerged or surface piercing body is studied. The wave diffraction caused by a cylinder in finite depth water and by a shoal is been computed and the results are compared with analytical solutions and experimental data. The problem is analyzed numerically in the frame of irrotational incompressible flow hypothesis. Both the linearized and the fully nonlinear mathematical models are studied. The numerical solution is gained by means of a mixed panel-desingularized formulation. An explicit time-marching algorithm updates the wave elevation and the potential at the free surface. In all cases, the numerical simulation mirrors the experimental data. In the case of the diffraction around a cylinder, the simulation confirms and extends the theoretical results of the second order analysis (Kriebel 1990, 1992): the linear model yields a very good estimation of the force amplitude acting on the body, while the wave profiles are poorly predicted when compared with the fully nonlinear simulation and the experimental data.

  3. Prevalence of tattooing and body piercing in Germany and perception of health, mental disorders, and sensation seeking among tattooed and body-pierced individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stirn, Aglaja; Hinz, Andreas; Brähler, Elmar

    2006-05-01

    The objective of this study was to obtain data on the incidence and relationship of psychological factors to tattooing and body piercing from a large and representative sample of German citizens (N=2043). Representative data (sample age range=14-93 years) were evaluated with respect to health-related quality of life (SF-36), mental health (General Health Questionnaire), mental disorders (Patient Health Questionnaire), and sensation seeking (Arnett Inventory of Sensation Seeking). The prevalence of tattooing and that of body piercing in the general German population are 8.5% and 6.5%, respectively. Individuals aged between 14 and 24 years display the highest rate of body piercings or tattoos (females, 41%; males, 27%). Within the group of individuals aged between 14 and 44 years, unemployment and nonaffiliation to a church are positively correlated, tattooing is significantly correlated with the perception of reduced mental health, and both tattooing and body piercing are correlated with significantly increased sensation-seeking behavior. Next to being motivated by fashion and the urge to fit in with one's peers, the major reasons for body modification practices in the German population appear to be negatively perceived conditions of life, reduced social integration, and increased sensation-seeking behavior.

  4. Pericondrite por piercing: relato de casos e revisão da literatura Ear piercing perichondritis: case reports and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto N. Takahashi

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available A pericondrite é uma infecção que envolve o pericôndrio do pavilhão auricular. Desencadeada pelo piercing, é secundária a uma reação alérgica ao níquel. O diagnóstico é essencialmente clínico, porém a realização de cultura e antibiograma é fundamental. Os patógenos freqüentemente envolvidos são germes Gram negativos (Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Os autores apresentam 3 casos de pericondrite por piercing atendidos no ambulatório de otorrinolaringologia e realizam uma revisão da literatura.Auricular perichondritis is a complication related to ear piercing, caused by the hypersensitivity to nickel. The diagnosis is essentially based on clinical findings. The most pathogen frequently involved is Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Culture is important to determine the antibiotic susceptibility. We report 3 cases of ear piercing associated perichondritis and present a literature review.

  5. Piercing of Consciousness as a Threshold-Crossing Operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Yul H R; Petzschner, Frederike H; Wolpert, Daniel M; Shadlen, Michael N

    2017-08-07

    Many decisions arise through an accumulation of evidence to a terminating threshold. The process, termed bounded evidence accumulation (or drift diffusion), provides a unified account of decision speed and accuracy, and it is supported by neurophysiology in human and animal models. In many situations, a decision maker may not communicate a decision immediately and yet feel that at some point she had made up her mind. We hypothesized that this occurs when an accumulation of evidence reaches a termination threshold, registered, subjectively, as an "aha" moment. We asked human participants to make perceptual decisions about the net direction of dynamic random dot motion. The difficulty and viewing duration were controlled by the experimenter. After indicating their choice, participants adjusted the setting of a clock to the moment they felt they had reached a decision. The subjective decision times (tSDs) were faster on trials with stronger (easier) motion, and they were well fit by a bounded drift-diffusion model. The fits to the tSDs alone furnished parameters that fully predicted the choices (accuracy) of four of the five participants. The quality of the prediction provides compelling evidence that these subjective reports correspond to the terminating process of a decision rather than a post hoc inference or arbitrary report. Thus, conscious awareness of having reached a decision appears to arise when the brain's representation of accumulated evidence reaches a threshold or bound. We propose that such a mechanism might play a more widespread role in the "piercing of consciousness" by non-conscious thought processes. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  6. Self-Pierce Riveting Through 3 Sheet Metal Combinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersson, Roger; Jonason, Paul; Pettersson, Tommy

    2011-05-01

    One way to reduce the CO2 emissions in automotives is to reduce the weight of the Body-In-White. One easy to achieve the weight reduction is to replace steel sheet materials with Al alloys, which is 3 times lighter. One issue is the joining process, especially with combinations between steel grades and AL alloys. Example of combination of mixed material combinations (Al-steel) might be found in the door structure. The reason is because of the AL alloys worthier crash performance so the automotive manufacturer might want to use crash impact beams made by high strength steels in a AL intensive door structure. The joining process between aluminum and steel are problematic due it's not possible to use traditional spot-welding technologies due to the materials total difference in microstructure characteristics as well thermal properties. To overcome this issue then mechanical as well adhesion joining are frequently used. This paper describes a development process and subsequently analysis of a self-pierce rivet (SPR) process between 3 sheet metal combinations. The multi-material combinations in this study were a combination of ultra high strength steels sheets (DP1000) and a Al-alloy (AA 6014). The analysis of the SPR process, in sense of mechanical strengths, has been done by peel- and shear tests. To reduce the amount of future physical tests a virtual FE-model has been developed for the process. This FE model of the process has been subsequently used to analyze the mechanical strength during plastic deformation. By using inverse analysis a correct contact algorithm has been evaluated that would predict the binding force between the rivet and sheet under a deformation process. With this new virtual model it will not only possible to analyze and develop the SPR process but also to achieve the final strength of the joint.

  7. On the evaluation of Pierce parameters C and Q in a traveling wave tube

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, D. H.; Wong, P.; Chernin, D.; Lau, Y. Y.; Hoff, B.; Zhang, P.; Dong, C. F.; Gilgenbach, R. M.

    2017-03-01

    A study of an exactly solvable model of a traveling wave tube (TWT) shows that Pierce gain parameter C and space charge parameter Q generally depend on wavenumber k in addition to frequency ω. The choice of k at which C and Q are evaluated may strongly affect their values and, consequently, the values of the small signal gain obtained from 3- and 4-wave Pierce theory. In order to illustrate this effect, we calculate the spatial amplification rate, ki, from the exact dispersion relation for a dielectric TWT model which is exactly solvable. We compare this exact value of ki with approximate values obtained from Pierce's classical 3-wave and 4-wave dispersion relations, obtained by making various assumptions on k in the evaluation of C and Q. We find that the various ways to approximate C and Q will have a significant influence on the numerical values of ki. For our dielectric TWT example, Pierce's 4-wave TWT dispersion relation generally yields the most accurate values of ki if Q is evaluated for k = ω/v0, where v0 is the beam velocity, and if the complete frequency and wavelength dependence of C is retained. Pierce's 3-wave theory also yields accurate values of ki using a different form of Q from the 4-wave theory. The implications of this result for TWT design are explored.

  8. Fatigue Behaviors of Self-Piercing Rivets Joining Similar and Dissimilar Sheet Metals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Xin; Stephens, Elizabeth V.; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

    2007-01-01

    This paper summarizes the fatigue test results of self-piercing rivet (SPR) joints between similar and dissimilar sheet metals. The influences of material grades, material thickness, piercing direction and the use of structural adhesive on the rivet samples’ fatigue behaviors were investigated. Fatigue test results indicate that SPR joints have superior fatigue strength than resistance spot weld (RSW) joints for the same material combinations. The application of structure adhesive also significantly enhances the fatigue strength of the joint samples; this is particularly true for the lap shear loading configuration. In addition, different piercing directions for SPR joints have a noticeable effect on the static and fatigue strength of the joints. The joint fatigue results presented in this paper can offer design engineers with the durability data for SPR joints with these material combinations. Moreover, it will provide manufacturing engineers with some insights on the effects of different manufacturing parameters on the strength and durability of these joints.

  9. Performance of nursing auxiliaries and technicians in managing piercing cutting material: a necessary study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moura, Elaine Cristina Carvalho; Moreira, Maria de Fátima Santana; da Fonseca, Soraia Martins

    2009-01-01

    This study aimed to analyze the knowledge of nursing auxiliaries and technicians in handling and disposing of piercing-cutting material and describe their performance. This qualitative-descriptive research was carried out with three nursing auxiliaries and 12 technicians at a medium-size hospital, totaling 15 participants interviewed through a semi-structured script. Discourse was analyzed through the content analysis technique. Results appoint that, even though the participants have theoretical knowledge on the management of piercing-cutting material, they do not totally follow their knowledge, which exposes them to several biological risks, revealing reproductive knowledge and performance. Thus, we propose the implementation of continuing education programs based on constructivist methodological approach aiming at effective practices in the management and disposal of piercing-cutting material. In this perspective, research clarifying how adults apprehend knowledge can deepen the results described in the study.

  10. Online visual inspection of self-piercing riveting to determine the quality of the mechanical interlock

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, P; Cullen, J D; Al-Shamma' a, A I; Shaw, A [Liverpool John Moores University General Engineering Research Institute, RF and Microwave Group, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3 3AF (United Kingdom)

    2007-07-15

    Self-piercing riveting (SPR) has become a significant joining technique for the automotive applications of aluminium sheets. Quality control in this locale has progressed at an altogether more leisurely rate than other areas of mechanical joining (e.g. spotweld) and is underdeveloped. Testing the quality mechanical interlock is often achieved by destructive testing, which results in material and time wastage. The solution is online monitoring of the self-piercing riveting process to provide non-destructive testing of the mechanical interlock. Introducing sensors into the process facilitates real time data acquisition, which can be used to determine the quality of the joint.

  11. 3D finite elements method (FEM Analysis of basic process parameters in rotary piercing mill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Pater

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper 3D FEM analysis of process parameters and its infl uence in rotary piercing mill is presented. The FEM analyze of the rotary piercing process was made under the conditions of 3D state of strain with taking into consideration the thermal phenomena. The calculations were made with application of different rolls’ skew angles and different plug designs. In the result, progression of shapes, temperature and distributions of stress and strain were characterized. The numerical results of calculations were compared with results of stand test with use of 100Cr6 steel. The comparisons of numerical and experimental tests confirm good agreement between obtained results.

  12. A Commentary on "Piercing the Bubble": Should Management Education "Confront" Poverty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dart, Raymond

    2008-01-01

    This commentary contrasts "Piercing the Bubble" by proposing "pull" (rather than "push") strategies as a way for business schools to more meaningfully engage poverty and social exclusion. By reframing poverty issues in such a manner that they connect with core business student interests of career opportunities, current management practices, and…

  13. 27 CFR 478.148 - Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... intended for sporting or industrial purposes. 478.148 Section 478.148 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and... ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes. The Director may exempt certain armor piercing... for any such ammunition which is primarily intended for sporting purposes or intended for...

  14. An efficient domain decomposition strategy for wave loads on surface piercing circular cylinders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsen, Bo Terp; Bredmose, Henrik; Bingham, Harry B.

    2014-01-01

    A fully nonlinear domain decomposed solver is proposed for efficient computations of wave loads on surface piercing structures in the time domain. A fully nonlinear potential flow solver was combined with a fully nonlinear Navier–Stokes/VOF solver via generalized coupling zones of arbitrary shape...

  15. Improving Immunization Coverage in a Rural School District in Pierce County, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Robin M.; Cook, Carolyn; Yerxa, Mary E.; Marshall, James H.; Pulos, Elizabeth; Rollosson, Matthew P.

    2012-01-01

    Washington State has some of the highest percentages of school immunization exemptions in the country. We compared school immunization records in a rural school district in Pierce County, Washington, to immunization records in the state immunization information system (IIS) and parent-held records. Correcting school immunization records resulted…

  16. Pierce Butler's "An Introduction to Library Science: A Tract for Our Times? A Review Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronin, Blaise

    2004-01-01

    Considers the historic and contemporary import of Pierce Butler's "An Introduction to Library Science". Characterizes the content of each chapter and critically analyses the central theses. Relates Butler's positivistic premises, assumptions and conclusions to the congeries of competing epistemological and ideological standpoints that defines…

  17. Application of Hard Coatings for Improved Tribological Performance of Blanking and Piercing Tools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Podgornik, B.; Zajec, B.; Bay, Niels

    2010-01-01

    /piercing applications, even on softer tool steels, thus leading to reduced friction and wear as well as to lower costs of the tool. However, preparation of the substrate material and good coating to substrate adhesion are crucial. On the other hand, even with the use of low friction coating (DLC) stamping force exceeds...

  18. Improving Immunization Coverage in a Rural School District in Pierce County, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Robin M.; Cook, Carolyn; Yerxa, Mary E.; Marshall, James H.; Pulos, Elizabeth; Rollosson, Matthew P.

    2012-01-01

    Washington State has some of the highest percentages of school immunization exemptions in the country. We compared school immunization records in a rural school district in Pierce County, Washington, to immunization records in the state immunization information system (IIS) and parent-held records. Correcting school immunization records resulted…

  19. A Commentary on "Piercing the Bubble": Should Management Education "Confront" Poverty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dart, Raymond

    2008-01-01

    This commentary contrasts "Piercing the Bubble" by proposing "pull" (rather than "push") strategies as a way for business schools to more meaningfully engage poverty and social exclusion. By reframing poverty issues in such a manner that they connect with core business student interests of career opportunities, current management practices, and…

  20. Lifestyle and nickel allergy in a Swedish adolescent population: effects of piercing, tattooing and orthodontic appliances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fors, Ronny; Persson, Maurits; Bergström, Erik; Stenlund, Hans; Stymne, Birgitta; Stenberg, Berndt

    2012-11-01

    The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of life-style practices in adolescents and their association with nickel allergy. Upper secondary school pupils (n = 4,376; 15-23 years) were patch-tested for nickel aller-gy, follow-ing completion of a questionnaire (answered by 6,095). Almost 86% girls and 21% of boys reported piercing. More girls (6%) than boys (3%) had a tattoo. Twenty-six percent of the girls and 18% of the boys were regular smokers. Vegetarian/vegan diets were reported by 20% of girls and by 6% of boys. Piercing, female gender, and vocational programme increased the risk of nickel allergy, whereas orthodontic appliance treat-ment prior to piercing reduced the risk of nickel allergy. Pupils in vocational programmes had the highest prevalence of nickel allergy. Lifestyle behaviours are interconnected and cluster in subgroups of adolescents. Female sex, piercing and choice of educational programme are prominent lifestyle markers. A trend shift is observed, where more girls than boys report tattooing.

  1. Process Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis for Piercing Production of Seamless Tube

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong Xiao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available With the development of modernization, the application of seamless tube becomes widespread. As the first process of seamless tube, piercing is vital for the quality of the tube. The solid round billet will be transformed into a hollow shell after the piercing process. The defects of hollow shell cannot be cleared in the following process, so a monitoring model for the quality of the hollow shell is important. But the piercing process is very complicated, and a mechanism model is difficult to build between the qualities of the hollow shell and measurement variables. Furthermore, an intelligent model is needed. We established two piercing process monitoring and fault diagnosis models based on the multiway principal component analysis (MPCA model and the multistage MPCA model, respectively, and furthermore we made a comparison between these two concepts. We took three ways to divide the period based on process, K-means, and GA, respectively. Simulation experiments have shown that the multistate MPCA method has advantage over the MPCA method and the model based on the genetic algorithm (GA can monitor the process effectively and detect the faults.

  2. Franklin Pierce College's Fire Department: 17 Student Volunteers and a Vintage Engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Thomas J.

    1985-01-01

    Seventeen student volunteers form the Franklin Pierce College Fire Department. When the firefighters are on duty, they must carry electronic pagers at all times. They also participate in dormitory inspections and attend weekend sessions at a local firefighters' training school. (MLW)

  3. Pierce Butler's "An Introduction to Library Science: A Tract for Our Times? A Review Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronin, Blaise

    2004-01-01

    Considers the historic and contemporary import of Pierce Butler's "An Introduction to Library Science". Characterizes the content of each chapter and critically analyses the central theses. Relates Butler's positivistic premises, assumptions and conclusions to the congeries of competing epistemological and ideological standpoints that defines…

  4. Are Tattooing and Body Piercing Indicators of Risk-Taking Behaviours among High School Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deschesnes, Marthe; Fines, Phillipe; Demers, Stephanie

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: To date, studies pertaining to possible links between body modification and risk-taking behaviours have been conducted mainly among targeted groups. The objective of this study is to examine the influence of a number of risk-taking behaviours on the probability of being pierced or tattooed among a general adolescent population. Methods:…

  5. Intrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic Rewards: A Commentary on Cameron and Pierce's Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lepper, Mark R.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Provides a critical analysis of the meta-analysis of J. Cameron and W. D. Pierce (1994) of the experimental literature on the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation. Their overly simplistic conclusion has little theoretical or practical value and results from misuse of meta-analytic procedures. (SLD)

  6. The incidence of complications associated with lip and/or tongue piercings: a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hennequin-Hoenderdos, N.L.; Slot, D.E.; Van der Weijden, G.A.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: This review determines the incidence of complications associated with lip and/or tongue piercings based on a systematic evaluation of the available literature. Material and Methods: MEDLINE–PubMed, Cochrane-CENTRAL and EMBASE databases were comprehensively searched through June 2014 to id

  7. People with multiple tattoos and/or piercings are not at increased risk for HBV or HCV in The Netherlands.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anouk T Urbanus

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Although published results are inconsistent, it has been suggested that tattooing and piercing are risk factors for HBV and HCV infections. To examine whether tattooing and piercing do indeed increase the risk of infection, we conducted a study among people with multiple tattoos and/or piercings in The Netherlands who acquired their tattoos and piercings in The Netherlands and/or abroad. METHODS: Tattoo artists, piercers, and people with multiple tattoos and/or piercings were recruited at tattoo conventions, shops (N = 182, and a biannual survey at our STI-outpatient clinic (N = 252 in Amsterdam. Participants were interviewed and tested for anti-HBc and anti-HCV. Determinants of HBV and HCV infections were analysed using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The median number of tattoos and piercings was 5 (IQR 2-10 and 2 (IQR 2-4, respectively. Almost 40% acquired their tattoo of piercing abroad. In total, 18/434 (4.2%, 95%CI: 2.64%-6.46% participants were anti-HBc positive and 1 was anti-HCV positive (0.2%, 95%CI: 0.01%-1.29%. Being anti-HBc positive was independently associated with older age (OR 1.68, 95%CI: 1.03-2.75 per 10 years older and being born in an HBV-endemic country (OR 7.39, 95%CI: 2.77-19.7. Tattoo- and/or piercing-related variables, like having a tattoo or piercing in an HBV endemic country, surface percentage tattooed, number of tattoos and piercings etc., were not associated with either HBV or HCV. CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence for an increased HBV/HCV seroprevalence among persons with multiple tattoos and/or piercings, which might be due to the introduction of hygiene guidelines for tattoo and piercing shops in combination with the low observed prevalence of HBV/HCV in the general population. Tattoos and/or piercings, therefore, should not be considered risk factors for HBV/HCV in the Dutch population. These findings imply the importance of implementation of hygiene guidelines in other countries.

  8. Design of Helical Self-Piercing Rivet for Joining Aluminum Alloy and High-Strength Steel Sheets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, W. Y.; Kim, D. B.; Park, J. G; Kim, D. H.; Kim, K. H.; Lee, I. H.; Cho, H. Y. [Chungbuk National University, Cheongju (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-07-15

    A self-piercing rivet (SPR) is a mechanical component for joining dissimilar material sheets such as those of aluminum alloy and steel. Unlike conventional rivets, the SPR directly pierces sheets without the need for drilling them beforehand. However, the regular SPR can undergo buckling when it pierces a high-strength steel sheet, warranting the design of a helical SPR. In this study, the joining and forging processes using the helical SPR were simulated using the commercial FEM code, DEFORM-3D. High-tensile-strength steel sheets of different strengths were joined with aluminum alloy sheets using the designed helical SPR. The simulation results were found to agree with the experimental results, validating the optimal design of a helical SPR that can pierce high-strength steel sheets.

  9. Defectos mucogingivales severos y problemas del habla como secuelas de la colocacion de un Piercing intraoral: reporte de caso

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Villarreal, Minerva; Garza, Gabriela; Trevino, Guadalupe; Rivera, Gerardo; Martinez, Hector

    2011-01-01

    Despues que un piercing es colocado dentro de la cavidad oral, varios problemas han sido descritos incluyendo dolor, sangrado, obstruccion de las vias aereas y dano de la mucosa o de la superficie dental...

  10. Steigerwald Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Franz Lake National Wildlife Refuge, and Pierce National Wildlife Refuge: Comprehensive Conservation Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP) was written to guide management on Steigerwald Lake NWR, Franz Lake NWR, and Pierce NWR for the next 15 years. This plan...

  11. ["My body belongs to me"--cultural history and psychology of piercings and tattoos].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stirn, A

    2007-02-01

    At present tattoos and piercings can no longer be regarded as destructive acts of self mutilation practized by fringe groups. Body modifications (BMs) are found in virtually all preindustrial cultures and have their roots in ancient myths and magical rituals. The prevalence of tattoos and piercings in the German population is 8.5% and 6.8%, respectively. Unemployed young men and young women who do not live in a firm partnership show particularly high prevalences. The incidence of BMs correlates positively with the personality trait "sensation seeking", particularly in young women. BMs often serve to express individuality and identity, and they also reflect changed attitude towards the human body and body art as well as following fashion trends. However, BMs can also provide valuable diagnostic indications for identity search and risk taking behaviour.

  12. Adverse Effects of Tattoos and Piercing on Parent/Patient Confidence in Health Care Providers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Scarlett C; Doi, Maegan L M; Yamamoto, Loren G

    2016-09-01

    First impressions based on practitioner appearance often form the basis for preliminary assumptions regarding trust, confidence, and competence, especially in situations where patients or family members do not have an established relationship with the physician. Given their growing prevalence, we strove to further investigate whether visible tattoos or piercings on a medical provider affects a patient's perception of the provider's capabilities and their trust in the care that would be provided. A survey using photographs of simulated practitioners was administered to 314 participants split between rural and urban locations. Study volunteers rated tattooed practitioners with lower confidence ratings when compared with nontattooed practitioners and reported greater degrees of discomfort with greater degrees of facial piercing. We concluded that these factors adversely affect the clinical confidence ratings of practitioners, regardless of the gender, age group, or location of participants.

  13. Characterization of Coatings on Steel Self-Piercing Rivets for Use with Magnesium Alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCune, Robert C.; Forsmark, Joy H.; Upadhyay, Vinod; Battocchi, Dante

    Incorporation of magnesium alloys in self-pierce rivet (SPR) joints poses several unique challenges among which are the creation of spurious galvanic cells and aggravated corrosion of adjacent magnesium when coated steel rivets are employed. This work firstly reviews efforts on development of coatings to steel fasteners for the diminution of galvanic corrosion when used with magnesium alloys. Secondly, approaches, based on several electrochemical methods, for the measurement of the galvanic-limiting effect of a number of commercially-available coatings to hardened 10B37 steel self-piercing rivets inserted into alloy couples incorporating several grades of magnesium are reported. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), zero-resistance ammeter (ZRA), corrosion potential and potential-mapping visualization methods (e.g. scanning vibrating electrode technique — SVET) are illustrated for the several rivet coatings considered.

  14. Directors’ Liability under thr Doctrine of Piercing the Corporate Veil : The Directors' Liability for Corporate Debt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laya Joneydi

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The doctrine of piercing the corporate veil fascilitated holding directors liable for corporate debt. Nevertheless, the doctrine is not a seperate cause of action. Directors are bound by fiduciary duty, duty of loyalty and duty of care and skill to the corporation and its shareholders. However, there is not such a contractual relationship between directors and creditors. Thus, requiring directors to compensate creditors should be justified on tort law. In the Iranian, French and American legal systems, fault-based liability is the cause of action for directors' liability. The author found that in piercing cases, directors' liability follows the traditional rules of fault-based liability unless specified otherwise by statute as strict liability.

  15. Can Superconducting Cosmic Strings Piercing Seed Black Holes Generate Supermassive Black Holes in the Early Universe?

    CERN Document Server

    Lake, Matthew J

    2015-01-01

    The discovery of a large number of supermassive black holes at redshifts $z> 6$, when the Universe was only nine hundred million years old, has raised the fundamental question of how such massive compact objects could form in a (cosmologically) short time interval. Each of the proposed standard scenarios for black hole formation, involving rapid accretion of seed black holes, or black hole mergers, faces severe theoretical difficulties in explaining the short time formation of supermassive objects. In the present Letter, we propose an alternative scenario for the formation of supermassive black holes in the early Universe in which energy transfer from superconducting cosmic strings, piercing small seed black holes, is the main physical process leading to rapid mass increase. The increase in mass of a primordial seed black hole pierced by two antipodal strings is estimated and it is shown that this increases linearly in time. Due to the high energy transfer rate from the cosmic strings, we find that supermassi...

  16. Influence of rivet to sheet edge distance on fatigue strength of self-piercing riveted aluminium joints

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Dezhi; Han, Li; Thornton, M.; Shergold, M.

    2012-01-01

    Self-piercing riveting (SPR) is one of the main joining methods for lightweight aluminium automotive body structures due to its advantages. In order to further optimise the structure design and reduce the weight but without compromising strength, reduction of redundant materials in the joint flange area can be considered. For this reason, the influence of rivet to sheet edge distance on the fatigue strengths of self-piercing riveted joints was studied. Five edge distances, 5 mm, 6 mm, 8 mm, 1...

  17. Bilateral piercing of anterior scalene muscle by anterior branches of C5 & C6

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cankara N

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available During routine dissection of a 25-year-old male cadaver, we observed C5 and C6 nerve roots pierced anterior scalene muscle bilaterally and then formed the superior trunk of brachial plexus after merging on the anterolateral aspect of the muscle. Suprascapular nerve originated from the superior trunk bilaterally. Knowledge of such variations may be important in the diagnosis of upper limb paresthesias.

  18. Near-Surface Boundary Layer Turbulence Along a Horizontally-Moving, Surface-Piercing Vertical Wall

    CERN Document Server

    Washuta, Nathan; Duncan, James H

    2016-01-01

    The complex interaction between turbulence and the free surface in boundary layer shear flow created by a vertical surface-piercing wall is considered. A laboratory-scale device was built that utilizes a surface-piercing stainless steel belt that travels in a loop around two vertical rollers, with one length of the belt between the rollers acting as a horizontally-moving flat wall. The belt is accelerated suddenly from rest until reaching constant speed in order to create a temporally-evolving boundary layer analogous to the spatially-evolving boundary layer that would exist along a surface-piercing towed flat plate. Surface profiles are measured with a cinematic laser-induced fluorescence system and sub-surface velocity fields are recorded using a high-speed planar particle image velocimetry system. It is found that the belt initially travels through the water without creating any significant waves, before the free surface bursts with activity close to the belt surface. These free surface ripples travel away...

  19. Accurate model of electron beam profiles with emittance effects for pierce guns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Peng; Wang, Guangqiang; Wang, Jianguo; Wang, Dongyang; Li, Shuang

    2016-09-01

    Accurate prediction of electron beam profile is one of the key objectives of electron optics, and the basis for design of the practical electron gun. In this paper, an improved model describing electron beam in Pierce gun with both space charge effects and emittance effects is proposed. The theory developed by Cutler and Hines is still applied for the accelerating region of the Pierce gun, while the motion equations of the electron beams in the anode aperture and drift tunnel are improved by modifying electron optics theory with emittance. As a result, a more universal and accurate formula of the focal length of the lens for the electron beam with both effects is derived for the anode aperture with finite dimension, and a modified universal spread curve considering beam emittance is introduced in drift tunnel region. Based on these improved motion equations of the electron beam, beam profiles with space charge effects and emittance effects can be theoretically predicted, which are subsequently approved to agree well with the experimentally measured ones. The developed model here is helpful to design more applicable Pierce guns at high frequencies.

  20. Radicinin from Cochliobolus sp. inhibits Xylella fastidiosa, the causal agent of Pierce's Disease of grapevine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldrich, Thomas J; Rolshausen, Philippe E; Roper, M Caroline; Reader, Jordan M; Steinhaus, Matthew J; Rapicavoli, Jeannette; Vosburg, David A; Maloney, Katherine N

    2015-08-01

    The fastidious phytopathogenic bacterium, Xylella fastidiosa, poses a substantial threat to many economically important crops, causing devastating diseases including Pierce's Disease of grapevine. Grapevines (Vitis vinifera L.) planted in an area under Pierce's Disease pressure often display differences in disease severity and symptom expression, with apparently healthy vines growing alongside the dying ones, despite the fact that all the vines are genetic clones of one another. Under the hypothesis that endophytic microbes might be responsible for this non-genetic resistance to X. fastidiosa, endophytic fungi were isolated from vineyard cvs. 'Chardonnay' and 'Cabernet Sauvignon' grown under high Pierce's Disease pressure. A Cochliobolus sp. isolated from a Cabernet Sauvignon grapevine inhibited the growth of X. fastidiosa in vitro. Bioassay-guided isolation of an organic extract of Cochliobolus sp. yielded the natural product radicinin as the major active compound. Radicinin also inhibited proteases isolated from the culture supernatant of X. fastidiosa. In order to assess structure-activity relationships, three semi-synthetic derivatives of radicinin were prepared and tested for activity against X. fastidiosa in vitro. Assay results of these derivatives are consistent with enzyme inactivation by conjugate addition to carbon-10 of radicinin, as proposed previously. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Caracterización de estudiantes de bachillerato que usan piercings en Cali, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Fernanda Jaimes

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Conocer en una muestra poblacional de bachilleres entre 6° y 12° de cuatro colegios de Cali, Colombia, dediferentes estratos socioeconómicos, las variables sociodemográficas que los caracterizan y los factores que les motivarona utilizar piercings.Materiales y métodos: Se aplicó una encuesta con 15 preguntas a 219 estudiantes bachilleres que manifestaron tenerpiercings y se realizó una entrevista en profundidad de forma aleatoria a 10% de la muestra.Resultados: De los 2120 estudiantes matriculados en bachillerato en los cuatro colegios de diferentes estratos socialesque cumplieron los criterios de inclusión del estudio, 219 estudiantes (10.3% utilizaban piercings, coincidiendo en losestratos alto, medio y bajo el predominio de su uso en jóvenes varones, a la edad de 16 años, con preferencia para colocárselosen los lóbulos de las orejas y lengua, en los sitios donde los adquirieron.Conclusión: Los factores que influyeron en la decisión de usar los piercings fueron el gusto por estos, mejorar su imagen,la moda y el deseo de explorar nuevas experiencias.

  2. College students with tattoos and piercings: motives, family experiences, personality factors, and perception by others.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, G B

    2001-12-01

    The motives, family experiences, and personality characteristics of 341 college students with and without tattoos or piercings were studied. Participants completed Lippa's 1991 measures of the Big Five personality factors, a shortened version of the Body Cathexis Scale, a series of questions about their childhood experiences, and questions about risk-taking behaviors. In addition, reasons to have or not have body modifications and the perceptions of people with body modifications were investigated. Of the 116 men and 186 women, 25% and 33%, respectively, had at least one tattoo or body piercing. There were very few differences in the childhood experiences or personality characteristics of people with or without body modifications. Although people with body modifications did not differ from people without modifications on the Big Five personality measures, people without modifications perceived people with modifications as much different from themselves on these measures. These results indicate that tattoos and piercings in college students are associated with significantly more risk-taking behavior, greater use of alcohol and marijuana, and less social conformity. However, the traditional stereotype that body modifications are indicators of social or personal pathology does not describe contemporary college students.

  3. Prevalence and acceptance of tattoos and piercings: a survey of young adults from the southern German-speaking area of Central Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stieger, Stefan; Pietschnig, Jakob; Kastner, Cornelia K; Voracek, Martin; Swami, Viren

    2010-06-01

    The present study examined the prevalence and acceptance of body piercings and tattoos among a community sample from the southern German-speaking area of Central Europe. A total of 440 respondents completed information about their own body piercings and tattoos and reported whether they would be likely never to have piercings and tattoos in the future. Analyses indicated that 19.8 and 15.2% of respondents had piercings (excluding the earlobe) and tattoos, respectively. Women were more likely to have body piercings than men, but there were no sex differences in tattooing. There were also few sociodemographic differences in piercings and tattoos, and most participants reported being likely to consider body art in the future. These results are considered in relation to prevalence estimates of body art in other Western countries and the associated health risks.

  4. Satisfaction with life, self-esteem and evaluation of mental health in people with tattoos or piercings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pajor, Anna J; Broniarczyk-Dyła, Grażyna; Świtalska, Julita

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the level of life satisfaction and the various dimensions of self-esteem of pierced or tattooed people, and evaluate their mental health, compared to those without similar body modifications. The study was conducted on a sample of 449 people aged 16-58 years (mean age 26.7 ± 6.35), of whom 308 had body modifications: tattoo (n = 90), body piercings in places other than the ear lobe (n = 53), or both tattoos and piercings (n = 165). The control group consisted of 141 people without such modifications. The participants completed a questionnaire concerning their socio-demographic status, as well as the following psychological tests: The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory (MSEI) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). Our findings show no significant differences in terms of life satisfaction between the group with tattoos or piercings and the control group. People with body modifications were characterized by higher self-esteem, with regard to their competence and leadership abilities. They also display fewer symptoms of social impairment and sleep disorders than the control group. Tattoos and piercings should not be considered as indicators of psychopathology.

  5. Pierced Lasso Bundles are a new class of knot-like motifs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellinor Haglund

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A four-helix bundle is a well-characterized motif often used as a target for designed pharmaceutical therapeutics and nutritional supplements. Recently, we discovered a new structural complexity within this motif created by a disulphide bridge in the long-chain helical bundle cytokine leptin. When oxidized, leptin contains a disulphide bridge creating a covalent-loop through which part of the polypeptide chain is threaded (as seen in knotted proteins. We explored whether other proteins contain a similar intriguing knot-like structure as in leptin and discovered 11 structurally homologous proteins in the PDB. We call this new helical family class the Pierced Lasso Bundle (PLB and the knot-like threaded structural motif a Pierced Lasso (PL. In the current study, we use structure-based simulation to investigate the threading/folding mechanisms for all the PLBs along with three unthreaded homologs as the covalent loop (or lasso in leptin is important in folding dynamics and activity. We find that the presence of a small covalent loop leads to a mechanism where structural elements slipknot to thread through the covalent loop. Larger loops use a piercing mechanism where the free terminal plugs through the covalent loop. Remarkably, the position of the loop as well as its size influences the native state dynamics, which can impact receptor binding and biological activity. This previously unrecognized complexity of knot-like proteins within the helical bundle family comprises a completely new class within the knot family, and the hidden complexity we unraveled in the PLBs is expected to be found in other protein structures outside the four-helix bundles. The insights gained here provide critical new elements for future investigation of this emerging class of proteins, where function and the energetic landscape can be controlled by hidden topology, and should be take into account in ab initio predictions of newly identified protein targets.

  6. The genus Triozocera Pierce, 1909 (Insecta: Strepsiptera: Corioxenidae) in South America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kogan, Marcos; Cook, Jerry L

    2014-03-13

    A new species of Triozocera from the Brazilian Amazon basin was found in a sample of male Strepsiptera from the collection of the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia (INPA-Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil). Triozocera buehrheimi sp.n. is described and the status of T. paulistana Kogan, 1958, the first strepsipteran described from Brazil, is reviewed, with additional diagnostic characters used to reinstate the species based on comparative analyses to the other three species occurring in southern US, Mexico, and Central America: T. mexicana Pierce, 1909, T. tecpanensis Brailowsky and Márquez, 1974, and T. vernalis Kifune and Brailowsky, 1987. A key to those species is included.

  7. Compositions and Methods for the Treatment of Pierce's Disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gupta, Goutam (Santa Fe, NM)

    2008-10-07

    Chimeric anti-microbial proteins, compositions, and methods for the therapeutic and prophylactic treatment of plant diseases caused by the bacterial pathogen Xylella fastidiosa are provided. The anti-microbial proteins of the invention generally comprise a surface recognition domain polypeptide, capable of binding to a bacterial membrane component, fused to a bacterial lysis domain polypeptide, capable of affecting lysis or rupture of the bacterial membrane, typically via a fused polypeptide linker. In particular, methods and compositions for the treatment or prevention of Pierce's disease of grapevines are provided. Methods for the generation of transgenic Vitus vinefera plants expressing xylem-secreted anti-microbial chimeras are also provided.

  8. Self-piercing rivets for light-weight body construction; Stanznieten im Karosserieleichtbau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pilgrim, R. [Boellhoff GmbH, Bielefeld (Germany)

    2000-03-01

    The increasing tendency in the automotive industry to use aluminium, magnesium, sandwich materials, high tensile steel and combinations of these, as well as the need to join metallic materials with plastics calls for the application of new joining techniques. This article describes the technology of self-piercing rivets. (orig.) [German] Der zunehmende Trend in der Automobilindustrie, Leichtmetalle, Sandwich-Materialien, hoeherfesten Stahl und dessen Kombinationen einzusetzen sowie metallische Werkstoffe mit Kunststoffen zu verbinden, erfordert auch neue Fuegetechniken. Der Beitrag beschreibt die Stanzniet-Technik. (orig.)

  9. Piercing mandrel strengthening by surfacing with nickel aluminide-based alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zorin, I. V.; Dubtsov, Yu N.; Sokolov, G. N.; Artem'ev, A. A.; Lysak, V. I.; Elsukov, S. N.

    2017-02-01

    Electrode composite wire (CW) was used for argon-arc surfacing of a thermal-resisting nickel aluminide-based alloy (Ni-Al-Cr-W-Mo-Ta system) on the butt-end surface of the non-water-cooled piercing mandrel. It was shown that multipassing surfacing forms a defect-free deposited metal based on the γ’-Ni3Al phase of various structural origins. Using high-temperature sclerometry and thermal fatigue testing methods, the metal deposited with CW containing ultrafine particle of 0.3-0.4 % wt. WC carbide features increased resistance to thermal and force effects at temperatures up to 1200 °C.

  10. Piercing of nectarless Hemerocallis (Xanthorrhoeaceae) flowers by Xylocopa varipuncta and X. virginica virginica (Apidae)

    OpenAIRE

    Barrows, Edward

    2016-01-01

    The native carpenter bee Xylocopa varipuncta frequently made and re-used piercings in tubular corolla bases of nonnative, nectarless Hemerocallis ‘Stella de Oro’ (Stella de Oro Daylily, HSDO) in the César E. Chávez Memorial Plaza in downtown Sacramento, California. The bees frequently visited HSDO flowers from mid-morning through late afternoon in August 2014 during the 3-yr, severe California drought. Their foraging bouts were up to 10 floral visits, and they were evidently obtaining cell fl...

  11. Labial piercing and localized periodontal destruction - partial periodontal regeneration following periodontal debridement and free gingival graft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapferer, Ines; Hienz, Stefan; Ulm, Christian

    2008-02-01

    Localized periodontal destruction has been reported as a rare complication of intraoral piercings. The purpose of this case report was to illustrate the destructive nature of a lip stud and to describe the successful treatment of this case. The lip stud was removed and supra- and subgingival debridement was performed. Because of a shallow vestibule, the absence of keratinized gingiva, and the strong frenulum insertion at the gingival margins, a free gingival graft was placed. Subsequently the patient demonstrated a significant amount of osseous regeneration and partial coverage of the recession, which has been clinically and radiographically (computed tomography) documented.

  12. Tatuagem, body piercing e a experiência da dor: emoção, ritualização e medicalização Tattoo, body piercing and the experience of pain: emotion, ritualization and medicalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitor Sérgio Ferreira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Configurando uma experiência física que desafia tabus físicos e sociais, a marcação do corpo através da tatuagem e body piercing tem sido bastante explorada no espaço público mediatizado em função das questões da dor voluntária e dos riscos de saúde individual e pública implicados. Ao pânico moral que já envolvia estas práticas, associadas a comportamentos tidos como socialmente desviantes, psico-patológicos ou criminosos, junta-se-lhes outra espécie de pânico social, o «pânico higienista», associado ao receio de contrair doenças infecto-contagiosas, ou de reagir aos materiais ou tintas encarnados. No sentido de ir além destes discursos, este artigo pretende analisar: por um lado, como os consumidores actuais de tatuagem e body piercing lidam com a dor que lhe está associada, que emoções enquadram essa sensação e que estratégias convocam no seu controlo; por outro lado, como é que os produtores de tatuagem e body piercing, perante novas e mais alargadas clientelas, lidam com exigência de disciplinas sanitárias na sua prática profissional. Em termos metodológicos, a informação empírica apresentada no artigo foi obtida em situação de entrevista em profundidade, de natureza biográfica, semi-estruturada na sua preparação e semi-diretiva na sua aplicação, a portadores de corpos multitatuados e multiperfurados, profissionais ou apenas consumidores de tatuagem e body piercing. Quinze entrevistados com diferentes perfis sociais foram recrutados em estúdios de tatuagem e body piercing de Lisboa e arredores, depois de intenso trabalho etnográfico nesses mesmos espaços.Being a physical experience that challenges sensitive and social taboos, body marking with tattoos and body piercing has been fairly explored in the public sphere regarding the issues of voluntary pain and the risks of individual and public health that are involved. Associated with the moral panic that is already linked to these practices

  13. Body Piercing

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... caught on towels but won’t on disposable paper products. Avoid over cleaning. This will likely break down your skin and delay healing. Do NOT use antibacterial ointments because they don’t allow air to ...

  14. The Turbulent Boundary Layer on a Horizontally Moving, Partially Submerged, Surface-Piercing Vertical Wall

    CERN Document Server

    Washuta, Nathan; Duncan, James H

    2016-01-01

    The complex interactions between turbulence and the free surface, including air entrainment processes, in boundary layer shear flows created by vertical surface-piercing plates are considered. A laboratory-scale device was built that utilizes a surface-piercing stainless steel belt that travels in a loop around two vertical rollers, with one length of the belt between the rollers acting as a horizontally-moving flat wall. The belt is operated both as a suddenly-started plate to reproduce boundary layer flow or at steady state in the presence of a stationary flat plate positioned parallel to the belt to create a Couette flow with a free surface. Surface profiles are measured with a cinematic laser-induced fluorescence system in both experiments and air entrainment events and bubble motions are observed with stereo underwater white-light movies in the suddenly started belt experiment. It is found that the RMS surface height fluctuations, $\\eta$, peak near the boundaries of the flows and increase approximately l...

  15. The corrosion resistance of materials used for the manufacture of ear piercing studs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correa, O. V.; Saiki, M.; Rogero, S. O.; Costa, I.

    2003-07-01

    Nickel containing alloy shave been widely used as substrates for the manufacture of studs used for ear piercing. Unfortunately, nickel has also been related to the development of allergic contact dermatitis caused by skin sensitization due to Ni''2+ ions. Nickel ions can be leached out into the body fluids due to corrosion reactions. Defect free coatings are very difficult to produce, and therefore nickel free materials should be used as substrates of ear piercing studs, although the commercial alloys used usually contain this element. In this study, the corrosion resistance of two kinds of commercial studs prepared with nickel containing substrates and a titanium laboratory made stud was determined in a culture medium. The corrosion resistance of the studs was investigated by means of potentiodynamic polarization tests and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy as a function of immersion time in the culture medium. The elements that leached out into the medium due to corrosion reactions were analyzed by instrumental neutron activation analysis. The surfaces of the commercial gold-coated studs were examined by scanning electron microscopy and analyzed by energy dispersive spectroscopy, both before and after exposure to the culture medium. The cytotoxicity of the tested studs was also determined in the culture medium. (Author) 10 refs.

  16. Ventilation Inception and Washout, Scaling, and Effects on Hydrodynamic Performance of a Surface Piercing Strut

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harwood, Casey; Young, Yin Lu; Ceccio, Steven

    2014-11-01

    High-lift devices that operate at or near a fluid free surface (such as surface-piercing or shallowly-submerged propellers and hydrofoils) are prone to a multiphase flow phenomenon called ventilation, wherein non-condensable gas is entrained in the low-pressure flow, forming a cavity around the body and dramatically altering the global hydrodynamic forces. Experiments are being conducted at the University of Michigan's towing tank using a canonical surface-piercing strut to investigate atmospheric ventilation. The goals of the work are (i) to gain an understanding of the dominant physics in fully wetted, partially ventilated, and fully ventilated flow regimes, (ii) to quantify the effects of governing dimensionless parameters on the transition between flow regimes, and (iii) to develop scaling relations for the transition between flow regimes. Using theoretical arguments and flow visualization techniques, new criteria are developed for classifying flow regimes and transition mechanisms. Unsteady transition mechanisms are described and mapped as functions of the governing non-dimensional parameters. A theoretical scaling relationship is developed for ventilation washout, which is shown to adequately capture the experimentally-observed washout boundary. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation Graduate Student Research Fellowship under Grant No. DGE 1256260. Support also comes from the Naval Engineering Education Center (Award No. N65540-10-C-003).

  17. Appearance and culture: oral pathology associated with certain "fashions" (tattoos, piercings, etc.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chimenos-Küstner, Eduardo; Batlle-Travé, Inés; Velásquez-Rengijo, Sandra; García-Carabaño, Tauca; Viñals-Iglesias, Helena; Roselló-Llabrés, Xavier

    2003-01-01

    Humans are characterized by a compulsive tendency to distinguish themselves from the rest: differences in clothes, hairstyle or "decorative" details are used to this effect, based on highly diverse criteria. Such differentiating practices may be aimed at identification with a certain ideological group, for example, or with a concrete "fashion", and involve the use of jewelry, clothes, unusual attire, hairstyles, mutilations, etc. In this context, the present review addresses certain aspects of mutilation practices from both the general and specifically dental perspectives. Mutations imply permanent or lasting sectioning or lesions of a part of the body, and comprise skeletal deforming, dental mutilations, circumcision, ablation of the clitoris, scarification, tattoos, and perforations (particularly of the soft tissues). In this sense, tattoos and perforations or piercings are popular -- particularly among adolescents. This trend may be interpreted as a form of communication, identity expression, or as a type of body cult (i.e., so-called "body art"). Such mutilating practices reflect different motivations including fashion, rebelliousness, differentiation, sexual motives, the remembering of events, physical sensations, and ethnic or tribal influences. However, these practices can cause complications such as infections, laceration and soft and hard tissue damage, hypersensitivity reactions and other alterations of variable severity. Under these premises, questions are raised concerning the competence of those who perform these mutilations, the preventive measures adopted, and the legal conditions under which tattoos and piercings are made in our society.

  18. Water deficit modulates the response of Vitis vinifera to the Pierce's disease pathogen Xylella fastidiosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Hong-Kyu; Iandolino, Alberto; da Silva, Francisco Goes; Cook, Douglas R

    2013-06-01

    Pierce's disease, caused by the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa, is one of the most devastating diseases of cultivated grape, currently restricted to the Americas. To test the long-standing hypothesis that Pierce's disease results from pathogen-induced drought stress, we used the Affymetrix Vitis GeneChip to compare the transcriptional response of Vitis vinifera to Xylella infection, water deficit, or a combination of the two stresses. The results reveal a redirection of gene transcription involving 822 genes with a minimum twofold change (P related proteins, abscisic acid- and jasmonic acid-responsive biosynthesis, and downregulation of transcripts related to photosynthesis, growth, and nutrition. Although the transcriptional response of plants to Xylella infection was largely distinct from the response of healthy plants to water stress, we find that 138 of the pathogen-induced genes exhibited a significantly stronger transcriptional response when plants were simultaneously exposed to infection and drought stress, suggesting a strong interaction between disease and water deficit. This interaction between drought stress and disease was mirrored in planta at the physiological level for aspects of water relations and photosynthesis and in terms of the severity of disease symptoms and the extent of pathogen colonization, providing a molecular correlate of the classical concept of the disease triangle in which environment impacts disease severity.

  19. Test of Slope and Intercept Bias in College Admissions: A Response to Aguinis, Culpepper, and Pierce (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattern, Krista D.; Patterson, Brian F.

    2013-01-01

    Research on the predictive bias of cognitive tests has generally shown (a) no slope effects and (b) small intercept effects, typically favoring the minority group. Aguinis, Culpepper, and Pierce (2010) simulated data and demonstrated that statistical artifacts may have led to a lack of power to detect slope differences and an overestimate of the…

  20. Experimental study on upward bubble velocity and pierce length distributions in a water model of copper converter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bin Du; Jiayun Zhang; Tuping Zhou; Qifeng Shu

    2003-01-01

    The upward bubble velocity and the pierce length distributions in a sectional water model of the copper convener in Guixi Smelter in Jiangxi, China, were measured using a two-contact electro-resistivity probe. In the case of using a single tuyere, the bubble velocity distribution along longitudinal direction was similar to that derived from Guassian function. Beyond the center of the longitudinal range, the bubble pierce length exhibited a sudden increase. The upward bubble velocity at a specified location could go up to meters per second. Its probability at a fixed location obeys a lognormal function; the bubble pierce length there varies bellow a few centimeters. In the case of using multi-tuyeres, the upward bubble velocity was roughly uniform right above the tuyeres and showed a slow decrease beyond this region. The bubble pierce length within both of these two regions was roughly uniform. Its average value in the former region, however, was found to be somewhat lower than that in the later.

  1. [Are nail polish, artificial nails and piercings allowed outside the surgical area?Recommendations for the perioperative policy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bucx, M.J.L.; Krijtenburg, P.; Scheffer, G.J.

    2017-01-01

    - An increasing number of patients wear nail polish, artificial nails or have piercings.- There is uncertainty about the perioperative management of these items, especially when located outside the surgical area.- In the majority of hospitals, patients are urged to remove these items preoperatively,

  2. Burn Bans lifted for Tribal Reservations in Snohomish and Pierce Counties on Jan. 11, Ban Continues for Yakama Reservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Today the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is lifting its burn ban on open burning for the Tulalip, Stillaguamish, Sauk-Suiattle and Puyallup Indian Reservations in Snohomish and Pierce Counties due to improved air quality, effective at 8:00 a.m., Janu

  3. MEN ARE INNOCENT UNTIL PROVEN GUILTY - A COMMENT ON THE EXAMINATION OF SEX-DIFFERENCES BY PIERCE AND KIRKPATRICK

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    PICKERSGILL, MJ; ARRINDELL, WA

    1992-01-01

    Pierce and Kirkpatrick (1992, Behaviour Research and Therapy, 30, 415-418) addressed the finding that men reported lower levels of fear than women in response to specific fear items and concluded on the basis of their experiment that this was because the men were lying. Their conclusion is

  4. On-surface fibre-free zones and irregularity of piercing pattern in structurally stitched NCF preforms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koissin, Vitaly; Ruopp, Andreas; Lomov, Stepan V.; Verpoest, Ignaas; Witzel, Volker; Drechsler, Klaus

    2006-01-01

    The paper addresses the surface imperfections (openings in fibrous plies) and irregularity of the piercing pattern in structurally stitched multilayer carbon-fibre preforms. Each layer is a multiaxial multiply non-crimp fabric (NCF) with a non-structural stitching. The term “structural” presumes her

  5. Test of Slope and Intercept Bias in College Admissions: A Response to Aguinis, Culpepper, and Pierce (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattern, Krista D.; Patterson, Brian F.

    2013-01-01

    Research on the predictive bias of cognitive tests has generally shown (a) no slope effects and (b) small intercept effects, typically favoring the minority group. Aguinis, Culpepper, and Pierce (2010) simulated data and demonstrated that statistical artifacts may have led to a lack of power to detect slope differences and an overestimate of the…

  6. Comparative analysis of the tardigrade feeding apparatus: adaptive convergence and evolutionary pattern of the piercing stylet system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Guidetti

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A thorough analysis of the cuticular parts of tardigrade feeding apparatuses was performed in order to provide a more complete understanding of their evolution and their potential homologies with other animal phyla (e.g. Cycloneuralia and Arthropoda. The buccal- pharyngeal apparatuses of eight species belonging to both Eutardigrada and Heterotardigrada were studied using light and scanning electron microscopy. This study supports and completes a previous study on the relationships between form and function in the buccalpharyngeal apparatus of eutardigrades. The common sclerified structures of the tardigrade buccal-pharyngeal apparatus are: a buccal ring connected to a straight buccal tube, a buccal crown, longitudinal thickenings within the pharynx, and a stylet system composed of piercing stylets within stylet coats, and stylet supports. Specifically, heterotardigrades (Echiniscoidea have a narrow buccal tube; long piercing stylets, each with a longitudinal groove, that cross one another before exiting the mouth; pharyngeal bars and secondary longitudinal thickenings within the pharynx. In contrast, eutardigrades have stylets which are shorter than the buccal tube; Parachela have pharyngeal apophyses and placoids within the pharynx, while Apochela lack a buccal crown and cuticular thickenings within the pharynx, the buccal tube is very wide, and the short stylets are associated with triangular-shaped stylet supports. In both classes, when the piercing stylet tips emerge from the mouth to pierce food, the buccal tube opening is almost completely obstructed, which may hinder food uptake. In heterotardigrades, the crossing of the piercing stylets may further decrease food uptake, however this disadvantage may have been reduced in echiniscids by the evolution of a long buccal tube and long stylets able to run more parallel to the buccal tube. In contrast, eutardigrades evolved different strategies. In the order Apochela and in several

  7. Performance Optimization of Self-Piercing Rivets through Analytical Rivet Strength Estimation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

    2005-08-01

    This paper presents the authors' work on strength optimization and failure mode prediction of self-piercing rivets (SPR) for automotive applications. The limit load-based strength estimator is used to estimate the static strength of an SPR under cross tension loading configuration. Failure modes associated with the estimated failure strength are also predicted. Experimental strength and failure mode observations are used to validate the model. It is shown that the strength of an SPR joint depends on the material and gage combinations, rivet design, die design and riveting direction. The rivet strength estimator is then used to optimize the rivet strength by comparing the measured rivet strength and failure mode with the predicted ones. Two illustrative examples are used in which rivet strength is optimized by changing rivet design and riveting direction from the original manufacturing parameters.

  8. Strength Estimation of Self-Piercing Rivets using Lower Bound Limit Load Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

    2005-08-01

    This paper summarizes the authors' work on strength and failure mode estimation of self-piercing rivets (SPR) for automotive applications. First, the static cross tension strength of an SPR joint is estimated using a lower bound limit load based strength estimator. Failure mode associated with the predicted failure strength can also be identified. It is shown that the cross tension strength of an SPR joint depends on the material and gage combinations, rivet design, die design and riveting direction. The analytical rivet strength estimator is then validated by experimental rivet strength measurements and failure mode observations from nine SPR joint populations with various material and gage combinations. Next, the estimator is used to optimize rivet strength. Two illustrative examples are presented in which rivet strength is improved by changing rivet length and riveting direction from the original manufacturing parameters.

  9. Extension of Pierce model to multiple transmission lines interacting with an electron beam

    CERN Document Server

    Tamma, Venkata Ananth

    2013-01-01

    A possible route towards achieving high power microwave devices is through the use of novel slow-wave structures employing multiple coupled transmission lines (MTLs) whose behavior when coupled to electron beams have not been sufficiently explored. We present the extension of the one-dimensional linearized Pierce theory to MTLs coupled to a single electron beam. We develop multiple formalisms to calculate the k-{\\omega} dispersion relation of the system and find that the existence of a growing wave solution is always guaranteed if the electron propagation constant is larger than or equal to the largest propagation constant of the MTL system. We verify our findings with illustrative examples which bring to light unique properties of the system in which growing waves were found to exist within finite bands of the electron propagation constant and discuss possible approach to improve the gain. By treating the beam-MTL interaction as distributed dependent current generators in the MTL, we derive relations charact...

  10. [Tattoos and piercings: motives for body modification in women suffering from borderline symptomatology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Höhner, Gesche; Teismann, Tobias; Willutzki, Ulrike

    2014-02-01

    Do women suffering from borderline symptomatology differ from women without these symptoms regarding their motives for body modifications?A sample of 289 women with body modifications were questioned about their tattoos, piercings and motives for body modifications as well as about symptoms of borderline personality disorder. Women with borderline symptomatology were compared to women without borderline symptomatology concerning the extent of and motives for body modification.The 2 groups showed no differences in regard to amount and extent of body modifications. The "borderline"-group considered individuality, coping and management of negative life-events to be more crucial reasons for body modification than the non-borderline females.The degree of a person's body modification is not a feasible indicator for psychopathological strain. Though, for people with borderline tendency body modification may serve as a coping strategy similar to self-injury.

  11. Self pierce riveting in the car body construction; Stanznieten im Karosserieleichtbau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahlers-Hestermann, G. [Boellhoff GmbH, Bielefeld (Germany)

    1999-09-01

    As an alterantive to spotwelding, self pierce riveting becomes more and more important in light weight automotive body constructions. The difficulties or impossibility of spotwelding Aluminium and High Tensile Strength Steel or material mixtures accelerated this development. Even plastic material can be joined to metal. Important mechanical properties such as fatigue and crash behaviour are improved. Costs are at the same level. Two examples of body parts in aluminium (Audi A6 bonnet and BMW 3 series front end) are described. (orig.) [German] Als Alternative zum Punktschweissen setzt sich das Stanznieten mit Halbhohlniet im Karosserieleichtbau mehr und mehr durch. Mit diesem Verfahren koennen verschiedene Materialen mit bis zu vier Lagen sicher verbunden werden. Dieser Beitrag der Boellhoff GmbH stellt das Verfahren vor und berichtet ueber zwei Beispiele aus der Praxis. (orig.)

  12. Labrets: Piercing and Stretching on the Northwest Coast and in Amazonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenny Reddish

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the practice of piercing and stretching the lip in order to accommodate a labret in two regions: the North American Northwest Coast (with historical examples from Tlingit and Haida groups and lowland South America (utilizing ethnographic writings on Suya and Kayapo communities. Drawing on the recent ‘sensorial turn’ within anthropology, I suggest an approach which goes beyond considerations of the symbolism of body ornaments and analyses how the infliction of pain they involve can be manipulated to serve social ends at a local level. Also discussed is the use of labrets within global ‘mediascapes’ (Appadurai 1996 by Kayapo and Northwest Coast groups in the context of self-representation and the politicization of ‘culture’ (Wright 1998.

  13. Nickel sensitization in adolescents and association with ear piercing, use of dental braces and hand eczema. The Odense Adolescence Cohort Study on Atopic Diseases and Dermatitis (TOACS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørtz, Charlotte G; Lauritsen, Jens Martin; Bindslev-Jensen, Carsten

    2002-01-01

    The prevalence of nickel allergy (sensitization) and the associations with ear piercing, use of dental braces and hand eczema were assessed in a cohort of 1,501 8th grade schoolchildren (aged 12-16 years) in Odense, Denmark. Nickel allergy was found in 8.6% and was clinically relevant in 69......% of cases. Nickel allergy was found most frequently in girls and the association with ear piercing was confirmed. Application of dental braces (oral nickel exposure) prior to ear piercing (cutaneous nickel exposure) was associated with a significantly reduced prevalence of nickel allergy. In adolescents...

  14. Body piercing and tattoos: a survey on young adults' knowledge of the risks and practices in body art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caggiano Giuseppina

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The practice of tattooing and piercing has expanded in western society. In order to verify young adults' knowledge of the risk and practices related to body art, an investigation was conducted among freshmen of the University of Bari in the region of Apulia, Italy. Methods The study was carried out in the Academic Year 2009-2010 through an anonymous self-administered written questionnaire distributed to 1.656 freshmen enrolled in 17 Degree Courses. Results Of the 1.598 students included in the analysis, 78.3% believe it is risky to undergo piercing/tattoo practices. AIDS was indicated as a possible infection by 60.3% of freshmen, hepatitis C by 38.2%, tetanus by 34.3% and hepatitis B by 33.7% of the sample. 28.1% of freshmen were not aware that there are also non-infectious complications. 29% of the sample had at least one piercing or tattoo (this percentage does not include earlobe piercing in women. Of those with body art, the decision to undergo body art was made autonomously in 57.9% of the participants. 56.3% of freshmen undergoing body art had taken less than a month to decide. With regard to the reasons that led the sample to undergo body art, 28.4% were unable to explain it, 23.8% answered to improve their aesthetic aspect, 18.4% to distinguish themselves from others, 12.3% for fashion; 17.1% for other reasons. 25.4% of the sample declared that they had a piercing (79.8% female vs 20.2% male; ratio M/F 1:4.0. The average age for a first piercing was 15.3 years (range 10-27; SD ± 2.9. 9.6% of the sample declared that they have a tattoo (69.9% female vs 30.1% male; ratio M/F 1:2.3. The average age for a first tattoo was 17.5 years (range 10-26, SD ± 2.4. Conclusions Most of the freshmen knew about AIDS-related risks but not other potential risks. Body art is fairly common among young adults (especially women. The decision is often not shared with the family and is undertaken mostly without a specific reason or for the

  15. Body piercing and tattoos: a survey on young adults' knowledge of the risks and practices in body art

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background The practice of tattooing and piercing has expanded in western society. In order to verify young adults' knowledge of the risk and practices related to body art, an investigation was conducted among freshmen of the University of Bari in the region of Apulia, Italy. Methods The study was carried out in the Academic Year 2009-2010 through an anonymous self-administered written questionnaire distributed to 1.656 freshmen enrolled in 17 Degree Courses. Results Of the 1.598 students included in the analysis, 78.3% believe it is risky to undergo piercing/tattoo practices. AIDS was indicated as a possible infection by 60.3% of freshmen, hepatitis C by 38.2%, tetanus by 34.3% and hepatitis B by 33.7% of the sample. 28.1% of freshmen were not aware that there are also non-infectious complications. 29% of the sample had at least one piercing or tattoo (this percentage does not include earlobe piercing in women). Of those with body art, the decision to undergo body art was made autonomously in 57.9% of the participants. 56.3% of freshmen undergoing body art had taken less than a month to decide. With regard to the reasons that led the sample to undergo body art, 28.4% were unable to explain it, 23.8% answered to improve their aesthetic aspect, 18.4% to distinguish themselves from others, 12.3% for fashion; 17.1% for other reasons. 25.4% of the sample declared that they had a piercing (79.8% female vs 20.2% male; ratio M/F 1:4.0). The average age for a first piercing was 15.3 years (range 10-27; SD ± 2.9). 9.6% of the sample declared that they have a tattoo (69.9% female vs 30.1% male; ratio M/F 1:2.3). The average age for a first tattoo was 17.5 years (range 10-26, SD ± 2.4). Conclusions Most of the freshmen knew about AIDS-related risks but not other potential risks. Body art is fairly common among young adults (especially women). The decision is often not shared with the family and is undertaken mostly without a specific reason or for the improvement of

  16. Road and Street Centerlines, Roads in Pierce County, GA, Published in 2010, 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, Southern Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — , published at 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2010. It is described as 'Roads in Pierce County, GA'. Data...

  17. Simulation of the Groundwater-Flow System in Pierce, Polk, and St. Croix Counties, Wisconsin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juckem, Paul F.

    2009-01-01

    Groundwater is the sole source of residential water supply in Pierce, Polk, and St. Croix Counties, Wisconsin. A regional three-dimensional groundwater-flow model and three associated demonstration inset models were developed to simulate the groundwater-flow systems in the three-county area. The models were developed by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the three county governments. The objectives of the regional model of Pierce, Polk, and St. Croix Counties were to improve understanding of the groundwaterflow system and to develop a tool suitable for evaluating the effects of potential water-management programs. The regional groundwater-flow model described in this report simulates the major hydrogeologic features of the modeled area, including bedrock and surficial aquifers, groundwater/surface-water interactions, and groundwater withdrawals from high-capacity wells. Results from the regional model indicate that about 82 percent of groundwater in the three counties is from recharge within the counties; 15 percent is from surface-water sources, consisting primarily of recirculated groundwater seepage in areas with abrupt surface-water-level changes, such as near waterfalls, dams, and the downgradient side of reservoirs and lakes; and 4 percent is from inflow across the county boundaries. Groundwater flow out of the counties is to streams (85 percent), outflow across county boundaries (14 percent), and pumping wells (1 percent). These results demonstrate that the primary source of groundwater withdrawn by pumping wells is water that recharges within the counties and would otherwise discharge to local streams and lakes. Under current conditions, the St. Croix and Mississippi Rivers are groundwater discharge locations (gaining reaches) and appear to function as 'fully penetrating' hydraulic boundaries such that groundwater does not cross between Wisconsin and Minnesota beneath them. Being hydraulic boundaries, however, they can change in response to

  18. Differences in scour around a single surface-piercing cylinder and a submerged cylinder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beninati, M. L.; Volpe, M. A.; Riley, D. R.; Krane, M.

    2011-12-01

    The equilibrium state of scour for a single surface piercing cylinder and a submerged cylinder of specific aspect ratio are presented. The equilibrium state is defined by a scour depth and associated time interval for a given set of flow conditions. Control variables such as sediment coarseness (or grain size) and cylinder size are held constant, while the flow intensity is varied. Sediment bed form topology is characterized with a series of two-dimensional slices across the bed for both the surface-piercing and submerged cylinder cases. Test results will help identify the geometry and pattern of the scour around the cylinders to aid in the optimal design of marine hydrokinetic (MHK) support structures in an effort to help minimize the deleterious impact of these devices on the local substrate. This study is performed in the small-scale testing platform in the hydraulic flume facility (32 ft long, 4 ft wide and 1.25 ft deep) in the Environmental Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics Laboratory (EFM&H) at Bucknell University. The cylinders, of the same material and diameter, are placed centrally in the sediment filled test section (2.5 ft long, 2 ft wide and 0.75 ft deep) of the platform. Flow field measurements are taken with a 16-MHz Micro Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter while water depth is acquired using an ultrasonic distance sensor. These devices are attached to a gantry system that can be accurately positioned anywhere in the test section. Clear-water conditions (in the absence of live-bed scour) are maintained to study the effect of the horseshoe and wake vortices on the displacement of sediment around the cylinder as well as downstream of the device. Bed form topology is measured using an HR Wallingford 2D Sediment Bed Profiler with a low-powered laser distance sensor to accurately characterize changes in bed form around the cylinders. Additionally, specifications for testing such as operational procedures for start-up and shut-down of the facility are given.

  19. Accidental aspiration of head scarf pin in left bronchus piercing the lung parenchyma: A rare case in a child

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parvez, Yusuf; Kandath, Mohammed Ashraf

    2016-01-01

    Foreign body (FB) aspiration is commonly seen in children but less commonly in adolescents. Headscarf pin aspiration is common in Muslim girls, who inappropriately place the pins between their lips while securing the scarf on the head. Bronchoscopy is the treatment modality of choice, and surgery is rarely required. An 11-year-old girl was admitted as a case of accidental aspiration of headscarf pin. X-ray chest showed a radiopaque object in the left bronchus piercing the lung parenchyma. Computed tomography (CT) chest confirmed the diagnosis. The headscarf pin was removed by flexible bronchoscopy as the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgeon failed to remove it by rigid bronchoscopy. The FB was removed successfully and the patient was discharged home. Removal of a sharp pin by bronchoscopy is difficult, especially if it pierces the lung parenchyma. In our case, the pin was bent by forceps and then removed by a flexible bronchoscope, which requires a highly skilled professional. PMID:27578937

  20. 自攻铆接技术--轻金属连接方法%Self-Pierce Riveting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏鸿英

    2004-01-01

    @@ 1概况 在铝强化汽车车体,重型卡车驾驶室和运动娱乐汽车车体的安装中采用自攻铆接(Self-Pierce riveting)已经证明是成功的连接技术,并且已经有十年应用的历史.

  1. Lidar-revised geologic map of the Poverty Bay 7.5' quadrangle, King and Pierce Counties, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabor, Rowland W.; Booth, Derek B.; Troost, Kathy Goetz

    2014-01-01

    For this map, we interpreted a 6-ft-resolution lidar digital elevation model combined with the geology depicted on the Geologic Map of the Poverty Bay 7.5' Quadrangle, King and Pierce Counties, Washington (Booth and others, 2004b). The authors of the 2004 map described, interpreted, and located the geology on the 1:24,000-scale topographic map of the Poverty Bay 7.5' quadrangle.

  2. Undersøgelse af pulsformers indflydelse på piercing og skæring i rummet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horstmann, Birgitte D.; Juhl, Thomas Winther

    1999-01-01

    Der er gennem en række laboratorieforsøg gennemført piercing og hjørneskæring i rummet (3D) i AISI 316 stål. Det er blevet konstateret at der kan opnås piercingtider på ned til ca. 1 sekund i det anvendte 5 mm pladestål. Tre forskellige pulsformer, Gated puls, Hyper puls og Super puls er blevet...

  3. Hydrographs showing groundwater levels for selected wells in the Puyallup River watershed and vicinity, Pierce and King Counties, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, R.C.; Julich, R.J.; Justin, G.B.

    2013-01-01

    Hydrographs of groundwater levels for selected wells in and adjacent to the Puyallup River watershed in Pierce and King Counties, Washington, are presented using an interactive Web-based map of the study area to illustrate changes in groundwater levels on a monthly and seasonal basis. The interactive map displays well locations that link to the hydrographs, which in turn link to the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Information System, Groundwater Site Inventory System.

  4. Motivations for body piercings and tattoos - the role of sexual abuse and the frequency of body modifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stirn, Aglaja; Oddo, Silvia; Peregrinova, Ludmila; Philipp, Swetlana; Hinz, Andreas

    2011-12-30

    Though the popularity of body modification increases, psychosocial data about practitioners of body piercing and tattooing are few and controversial. Most studies used semi-structured interviews and relatively small sample sizes. The aim of this study was to explore psychosocial background information (motivation, sexual abuse) for body modification practises based on a sufficiently large sample. A core group of 432 subjects with body piercings and/or tattoos (readers of a specialised magazine on body modification; mean age: 28 years) was investigated in this study using a 55-item questionnaire. The mean number of body modifications (piercings and tattoos) was nine. Participants with a history of sexual abuse and high users with more than 10 body modifications differed from those without these features with respect to several motivations and consequences of body modification. Participants with sexual abuse often stated that they wanted to overcome certain experiences, and high users were characterised by the feeling of an addiction to continue body modification. Clinicians should include questions on body modifications and their motives in anamnestic schedules.

  5. Tattoos, piercings and re-configuration of the body. A path between bioethical and educational profiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmela Bianco

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Tattoos and piercings can become a mask to hide behind? Everything can become a mask if we use it for masquerading. The tattoo is the anthropological roots of ancient and modern makeup that refers to the mask understood as that which creates the face, which gives it its social being. The tattoo is also an artistic decoration that should be born by the deep desire to communicate yourself to others. Tattoos must be able to "tell" the people who wear them, but if the latter decorate their body with a message or image that does not belong, it can cause the destruction of individuality. The tattoo is immortal. It can be a permanent dress, a way to resist the unwanted transformations using a piece of subjective identity, non-imitable, from which one cannot be excluded. Along with careful identification of psycho-sociological motivations that drive a young man to want a tattoo, you need to traverse an education that not only form a personality, teaches the knowledge of his own body. Getting a tattoo means not only change the morphology of the body but the risk of jeopardizing their health. Responsibility for their own health also means being aware that a tattoo can procure mild side effects or more severe depending on the initial state of health of the subject. Then a tattoo only after a careful history following the favorable opinion of the doctor and after a personal assessment aware. These initial objectives of a path bioethical-pedagogical significant.

  6. Control of a flexible, surface-piercing hydrofoil for high-speed, small-scale applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bousquet, Gabriel; Triantafyllou, Michael; Slotine, Jean-Jacques

    2016-11-01

    In recent years, hydrofoils have become ubiquitous in the design of high performance surface vehicles such as sailboats. They have proven particularly useful at small scales: while the speed of displacement-hull sailboats of length L is limited by their hull speed √{ gL } , due to wave making resistance, such limitations do not apply to hydrofoil crafts and sailboats. Such crafts of length O(1 - 10 m) are capable of reaching speeds in excess of 45 kts, often far faster than the wind. Besides, in the quest for super-maneuverability, actuated hydrofoils enable the efficient generation and control of large forces. With the intent to ultimately enable the design of small-scale, high-speed, and super-maneuverable surface vehicles, we investigate the problem of controlling the lift force generated by a flexible, surface-piercing hydrofoil traveling at high speed through a random wave field. We design a test platform composed of a rudder-like vertical foil, which is actuated in pitch, and instrumented with velocity, force, and immersion sensors. We present a feedback linearization controller, designed to operate over a wide range of velocities and sea states. Validation experiments are carried out on-the-field at speeds ranging from 3 to 10+m/s.

  7. The Hydroelastic Response of a Flexible Surface-Piercing Strut in Wetted, Ventilated, and Cavitating Flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harwood, Casey; Ward, Jacob; Young, Yin Lu; Felli, Mario; Falchi, Massimo; Ceccio, Steven

    2016-11-01

    High-speed and highly loaded lifting surfaces are prone to ventilation and cavitation. Increasing use of compliant materials (e.g. composites) in such systems necessitates a better understanding of the fluid-structure interactions of lifting surfaces in multiphase flow. Experiments on a flexible surface-piercing hydrofoil have been performed in a towing tank and a free-surface cavitation tunnel. The objectives are (i) to demonstrate the effects of material compliance upon hydrodynamic performance and stability of multiphase flow regimes, and (ii) to quantify the effects of multiphase flow upon the structural response and hydroelastic stability of flexible lifting bodies. A non-optical shape-sensing method is developed, which permits 3D bending and twisting deformations of the hydrofoil to be accurately inferred. The effects of the foil's compliance on hydrodynamic loads, structural motions and flow regimes are discussed. Partial immersion of the hydrofoil causes a mode-dependent change in added-mass that can encourage coalescence of higher modes. At the same time, increasing flow speed and ventilated flow decrease the damping associated with certain modes. Unsteady cavity shedding modulates the system parameters, causing a broadening of the frequency response. The authors would like to acknowledge the support of Dr. Ki-Han Kim under ONR Grant Number N00014-13-1-0383 and N00014-16-1-2433.

  8. Development and Comparison of Symptom Indices for Quantifying Grapevine Resistance to Pierce's Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krivanek, A F; Stevenson, J F; Walker, M A

    2005-01-01

    ABSTRACT Symptoms of Pierce's disease (PD) were assessed under greenhouse conditions on field-resistant and field-susceptible grapevines in order to characterize the PD resistance phenotype in the genus Vitis. A cane maturation index (CMI) was developed to quantify the green-islands symptom, which was measured at 12 weeks post-bacterial inoculation, along with leaf scorch and percentage of xylem vessels blocked by occlusions. Canes of resistant genotypes matured normally and had a significantly lower CMI score of 0.9 (on a 0-to-6 scale) compared with 5.1 for the susceptible genotypes. The CMI scoring method had a high correlation (R(2) = 0.91) with previously characterized field performance, whereas leaf scorch had only a moderate correlation (R(2) = 0.51) with field performance. Average scorched area on leaves of the susceptible and resistant genotypes was 80 and 48%, respectively, demonstrating that leaf scorch can be extensive in resistant genotypes under the presented screening conditions, and suggesting that systemic infection can occur in all evaluated genotypes. Occlusions within both stem and petiole vessels were composed principally of tyloses and were significantly higher in petioles than in stems of either resistant or susceptible backgrounds. Susceptible genotypes displayed a higher level of stem tylose occlusions relative to resistant genotypes, but correlation to field performance was low (R(2) = 0.13). Ease of use and high correlation to field performance makes CMI scoring a better choice for PD resistance evaluations relative to other phenotypic symptom assessments.

  9. Tensile and fatigue behaviour of self-piercing rivets of CFRP to aluminium for automotive application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, J.; Rao, H.; Zhang, R.; Avery, K.; Su, X.

    2016-07-01

    In this study, the tensile and fatigue behaviour of self-piercing rivets (SPRs) in carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP) to aluminium 6111 T82 alloys were evaluated. An average maximum lap-shear tensile load capacity of 3858 N was achieved, which is comparable to metal-to-metal SPR lap-shear joints. The CFRP-Al SPRs failed in lap-shear tension due to pull-out of the rivet head from the CFRP upper sheet. The CFRP-Al SPR lap- shear specimens exhibited superior fatigue life compared to previously studied aluminium-to- aluminium SPR lap-shear joints. The SPR lap-shear joints under fatigue loads failed predominantly due to kinked crack growth along the width of the bottom aluminium sheet. The fatigue cracks initiated in the plastically deformed region of the aluminium sheet close to the rivet shank in the rivet-sheet interlock region. Scatter in fatigue life and failure modes was observed in SPR lap-shear specimens tested close to maximum tensile load.

  10. Nutritional requirements of Xylella fastidiosa, which causes Pierce's disease in grapes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, C J; Donaldson, R C

    2000-03-01

    A defined medium (XF-26) containing 3 inorganic salts, 2 tricarboxylic acids, 17 amino acids, potato starch, phenol red, and agar was used as the starting point for the study. Deletions of one or more ingredients were performed to prepare various media. A medium was considered able to support growth of Xylella fastidiosa strains responsible for Pierce's disease in grapes, only after 10 serial passages had been completed. Of 3 inorganic salts, K2HPO4 and MgSO4 x 7H2O were essential, and (NH4)2HPO4 was nonessential for growth. Of the Krebs cycle intermediates, all (citrate, alpha-ketoglutarate, succinate, fumarate, malate, and oxaloacetate) but isocitrate supported growth of cultivated strains, whereas only citrate alone or citrate plus succinate supported the primary isolation of PD bacterium. Of 17 amino acids, 6 uncharged polar R groups (asparagine, cysteine, glutamine, glycine, serine, and threonine) supported growth, whereas 8 nonpolar R groups (alanine, isoleucine, leucine, methionine, phenylalanine, proline, tryptophan, and valine) or 3 positively charged polar groups (arginine, histidine, and lysine) did not. Starch proved to be nonessential.

  11. Free-surface turbulent wake of a surface-piercing slender body at various Froude numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Jeonghwa; Samad, Abdus; Rhee, Shin Hyung

    2016-11-01

    Free-surface effects on the near-wake around a surface-piercing slender body were investigated through flow field and wave elevation measurements. The near-wake flow field was measured by a towed underwater stereoscopic particle image velocimetry (SPIV) system. The measured flow field was analyzed to obtain coherent turbulence structures by using the Reynolds and proper orthogonal decomposition methods. Three different Froude numbers (Fr) - 0.126, 0.282, and 0.400 - were selected to represent mild, intermediate, and violent free-surface motions. At Fr = 0.126, the wave was hardly visible, although the turbulence strength and isotropy increased near the free-surface. At Fr = 0.282, though it was steady and smooth, wave-induced separation was clearly observed near the juncture of the free-surface and model trailing edge. At Fr = 0.400, wave breaking and the resulting bubbly free-surface were developed with an expanded wave-induced separation region. The wave-induced separation stimulated momentum transfer and turbulence dissipation, resulting in a significant change in the frequency of dominant free-surface motion in the downstream. This research was supported by the IT R&D program of MOTIE/KEIT (Grant No. 100660329) and the National Research Foundation of Korea, Grant funded by the Korean government (Grant No. 2013R1A1A2012597).

  12. Overexpression of antimicrobial lytic peptides protects grapevine from Pierce's disease under greenhouse but not field conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhijian T; Hopkins, Donald L; Gray, Dennis J

    2015-10-01

    Pierce's disease (PD) caused by Xylella fastidiosa prevents cultivation of grapevine (Vitis vinifera) and susceptible hybrids in the southeastern United States and poses a major threat to the grape industry of California and Texas. Genetic resistance is the only proven control of X. fastidiosa. Genetic engineering offers an alternative to heretofore ineffective conventional breeding in order to transfer only PD resistance traits into elite cultivars. A synthetic gene encoding lytic peptide LIMA-A was introduced into V. vinifera and a Vitis hybrid to assess in planta inhibition of X. fastidiosa. Over 1050 independent transgenic plant lines were evaluated in the greenhouse, among which nine lines were selected and tested under naturally-inoculated field conditions. These selected plant lines in the greenhouse remain disease-free for 10 years, to date, even with multiple manual pathogen inoculations. However, all these lines in the field, including a grafted transgenic rootstock, succumbed to PD within 7 years. We conclude that in planta production of antimicrobial lytic peptides does not provide durable PD resistance to grapevine under field conditions.

  13. Suppression of Astronomical Sources Using Starshades and the McMath-Pierce Solar Telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novicki, Megan; Warwick, Steve; Smith, Daniel; Richards, Michael; Harness, Anthony

    2016-01-01

    The external starshade is a method for the direct detection and spectral characterization of terrestrial planets around other stars, a key goal identified in ASTRO2010. Tests of this approach have been and continue to be conducted in the lab and in the field (Samuele et al., 2010, Glassman et al., 2014) using non-collimated light sources with a spherical wavefront. We extend the current approach to performing night-time observations of astronomical objects using small-scale (approximately 1/300th) starshades and the McMath-Pierce Solar Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory. We placed a starshade directly in the path of the beam from an astronomical object in front of the main heliostat. Using only flat mirrors, we then directed the light through the observatory path and reflected it off the West heliostat to an external telescope located approximately 270m away, for an effective baseline of 420m.This configuration allowed us to make measurements of flat wavefront sources with a Fresnel number close to those expected in proposed full-scale space configurations. We present the results of our engineering runs conducted in 2015.

  14. Ballistic Performance of Alumina and Zirconia-toughened Alumina Against 7.62 Armour Piercing Projectile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S G. Savio

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A study was carried out to compare the ballistic performance of high purity alumina and zirconia-toughened alumina (ZTA using depth of penetration (DoP test configuration against 7.62 mm armour piercing (AP ammunition. The effect of tile thickness on the differential efficiency factor (DEF was studied for tile thickness in the range of 3 mm to 6 mm for alumina tiles and 3 mm to 5 mm for ZTA tiles. The DEF is found to increase as tile thickness increases. An analysis on the failed shots showed that the residual shot weight does not follow a single linear relationship with ceramic tile thickness unlike the residual DoP for all thicknesses of tiles. Post-ballistic analysis on ceramic powder for particle size distribution was carried out and the results are presented.Defence Science Journal, Vol. 64, No. 5, September 2014, pp.477-483, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.64.6745

  15. Sound scattering by free surface piercing and fluid-loaded cylindrical shells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avital, Eldad J; Miloh, Touvia

    2011-07-28

    A vertical flexible, thin, cylindrical shell is considered to be clamped to a rigid base in shallow water and piercing its surface. The shell is composed of an isotropic and homogeneous material and may be empty inside or filled with compressible fluid. Linear acoustics and structural dynamics are used to model sound scattering caused by an external incident sound wave. A solution is derived using a Fourier transform in the tangential and vertical directions. A collocation technique coupled with an orthogonalization procedure is used to account for the edge conditions of the shell. It is shown that zero sound scattering, indicating acoustic invisibility, is theoretically attainable and can be achieved when a continuous distribution of an oscillating pressure load is applied on the shell's wall. Similarly, zero sound transmission into the shell's inner fluid can also be considered. The possibility of using a pre-determined discrete distribution of the applied pressure load is also discussed. The derived equations are numerically solved to examine sound scattering by a thin aluminium shell in shallow water.

  16. A new approach using the Pierce two-node model for different body parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foda, Ehab; Sirén, Kai

    2011-07-01

    This paper presents a new approach, in applying the Pierce two-node model, to predict local skin temperatures of individual body parts with good accuracy. In this study, local skin temperature measurements at 24 sites on the bodies of 11 human subjects were carried out in a controlled environment under three different indoor conditions (i.e. neutral, warm and cold). The neutral condition measurements were used to adjust the local skin set-points in the model for each body part. Additional modifications to the calculation algorithm were introduced corresponding to different body parts. The local core set-points were then calculated, using a line search method, as the input values that allow the model to predict the skin temperatures with maximum deviation of ±0.1°C for the neutral condition. The model predictability was verified for the other two indoor conditions, and the results show that the modified model predicts local skin temperatures with average deviation of ±0.3°C.

  17. The corrosion resistance of materials used for the manufacture of ear piercing studs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Correa, O. V.

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Nickel containing alloys have been widely used as substrates for the manufacture of studs used for ear piercing. Unfortunately, nickel has also been related to the development of allergic contact dermatitis caused by skin sensitization due to Ni2+ ions. Nickel ions can be leached out into the body fluids due to corrosion reactions. Defect free coatings are very difficult to produce, and therefore nickel free materials should be used as substrates of ear piercing studs, although the commercial alloys used usually contain this element. In this study, the corrosion resistance of two kinds of commercial studs prepared with nickel containing substrates and a titanium laboratory made stud was determined in a culture medium. The corrosion resistance of the studs was investigated by means of potentiodynamic polarization tests and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy as a function of immersion time in the culture medium. The elements that leached out into the medium due to corrosion reactions were analyzed by instrumental neutron activation analysis. The surfaces of the commercial gold-coated studs were examined by scanning electron microscopy and analyzed by energy dispersive spectroscopy, both before and after exposure to the culture medium. The cytotoxicity of the tested studs was also determined in the culture medium.

    Aleaciones conteniendo níquel se han utilizado como substratos para la fabricación de aretes perforantes para orejas. Desafortunadamente, el níquel ha sido relacionado con el desarrollo de una reacción alérgica conocida como dermatitis de contacto, causada por la sensibilización debido a los iones de Ni2+. Estos iones pueden ser liberados hacia los fluidos corporales debido a las reacciones de corrosión. Los aretes, habitualmente, se revisten con películas de oro. Sin embargo, es muy difícil hacer los revestimientos libres de defectos superficiales. Por lo tanto, materiales sin níquel deber

  18. Surface-Piercing Activities of the Humpback Whale, Megaptera, Related to Parasites and Mechanics}

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galvin, C.

    2006-12-01

    Humpback whales leap out of the water (breach), strike the water surface with their long fins (flipper), strike the water surface with their tail (lobtail), and hold motionless in a vertical position with their heads above water (spyhop). These four surface-piercing activities were known to early whalers, but their explanations remain uncertain. A whale breaches by swimming from depth toward the water surface at an oblique angle, propelling himself into the air at an angle to the water's surface (0 to 70 degrees), rotating about his long axis, and landing on his back, belly up to the sky. Rotation requires applying angular momentum to the whale's trunk, which photographs suggest comes from flinging out the flipper on the side rotating upward, and keeping the downward-rotating flipper closer to the trunk. The humpback has unusually long flippers (long moment arms) up to 30 percent of trunk length. Its generic name, Megaptera, can translate as `long flipper'. Continued use of one flipper as the moment arm raises the possibility of right-handed or left-handed whales, but Whitehead's (1985) data do not support that result. Parasites as a cause of breaching is a hypothesis at least as old as Beale (1839), but in the last half of the 20th century, breaching, flippering, and lobtailing came to be understood as social activities of whales. Whitehead's work in the 1980s provides much data on humpback activities, as well as a prevailing social interpretation of the data. External parasites (loosely defined) include whale lice (fingernail-sized crablike animals) and barnacles (both fixed shell and flexible goosenecked species). Thousands of these animals may inhabit a single whale. Whale lice populate crevices of the jaws and eyes, the pleats in the throat pouch under the jaw, and shelter at fixed barnacles. Fixed barnacles thrive on exposed bumps on the whale's head and flippers. Gooseneck barnacles appear in photos attached to trailing edges of fins and tail. Some parasites

  19. Surface-water hydrology and runoff simulations for three basins in Pierce County, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mastin, M.C.

    1996-01-01

    The surface-water hydrology in Clear, Clarks, and Clover Creek Basins in central Pierce County, Washington, is described with a conceptual model of the runoff processes and then simulated with the Hydrological Simulation Program-FORTRAN (HSPF), a continuous, deterministic hydrologic model. The study area is currently undergoing a rapid conversion of rural, undeveloped land to urban and suburban land that often changes the flow characteristics of the streams that drain these lands. The complex interactions of land cover, climate, soils, topography, channel characteristics, and ground- water flow patterns determine the surface-water hydrology of the study area and require a complex numerical model to assess the impact of urbanization on streamflows. The U.S. Geological Survey completed this investigation in cooperation with the Storm Drainage and Surface Water Management Utility within the Pierce County Department of Public Works to describe the important rainfall-runoff processes within the study area and to develop a simulation model to be used as a tool to predict changes in runoff characteristics resulting from changes in land use. The conceptual model, a qualitative representation of the study basins, links the physical characteristics to the runoff process of the study basins. The model incorporates 11 generalizations identified by the investigation, eight of which describe runoff from hillslopes, and three that account for the effects of channel characteristics and ground-water flow patterns on runoff. Stream discharge was measured at 28 sites and precipitation was measured at six sites for 3 years in two overlapping phases during the period of October 1989 through September 1992 to calibrate and validate the simulation model. Comparison of rainfall data from October 1989 through September 1992 shows the data-collection period beginning with 2 wet water years followed by the relatively dry 1992 water year. Runoff was simulated with two basin models-the Clover

  20. Reynolds and froude number effect on the flow past an interface-piercing circular cylinder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koo Bonguk

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The two-phase turbulent flow past an interface-piercing circular cylinder is studied using a high-fidelity orthogonal curvilinear grid solver with a Lagrangian dynamic subgrid-scale model for large-eddy simulation and a coupled level set and volume of fluid method for air-water interface tracking. The simulations cover the sub-critical and critical and post critical regimes of the Reynolds and sub and super-critical Froude numbers in order to investigate the effect of both dimensionless parameters on the flow. Significant changes in flow features near the air-water interface were observed as the Reynolds number was increased from the sub-critical to the critical regime. The interface makes the separation point near the interface much delayed for all Reynolds numbers. The separation region at intermediate depths is remarkably reduced for the critical Reynolds number regime. The deep flow resembles the single-phase turbulent flow past a circular cylinder, but includes the effect of the free-surface and the limited span length for sub-critical Reynolds numbers. At different Froude numbers, the air-water interface exhibits significantly changed structures, including breaking bow waves with splashes and bubbles at high Froude numbers. Instantaneous and mean flow features such as interface structures, vortex shedding, Reynolds stresses, and vorticity transport are also analyzed. The results are compared with reference experimental data available in the literature. The deep flow is also compared with the single-phase turbulent flow past a circular cylinder in the similar ranges of Reynolds numbers. Discussion is provided concerning the limitations of the current simulations and available experimental data along with future research

  1. Vascular occlusions in grapevines with Pierce's disease make disease symptom development worse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Qiang; Sun, Yuliang; Walker, M Andrew; Labavitch, John M

    2013-03-01

    Vascular occlusions are common structural modifications made by many plant species in response to pathogen infection. However, the functional role(s) of occlusions in host plant disease resistance/susceptibility remains controversial. This study focuses on vascular occlusions that form in stem secondary xylem of grapevines (Vitis vinifera) infected with Pierce's disease (PD) and the impact of occlusions on the hosts' water transport and the systemic spread of the causal bacterium Xylella fastidiosa in infected vines. Tyloses are the predominant type of occlusion that forms in grapevine genotypes with differing PD resistances. Tyloses form throughout PD-susceptible grapevines with over 60% of the vessels in transverse sections of all examined internodes becoming fully blocked. By contrast, tylose development was mainly limited to a few internodes close to the point of inoculation in PD-resistant grapevines, impacting only 20% or less of the vessels. The extensive vessel blockage in PD-susceptible grapevines was correlated to a greater than 90% decrease in stem hydraulic conductivity, compared with an approximately 30% reduction in the stems of PD-resistant vines. Despite the systemic spread of X. fastidiosa in PD-susceptible grapevines, the pathogen colonized only 15% or less of the vessels in any internode and occurred in relatively small numbers, amounts much too small to directly block the vessels. Therefore, we concluded that the extensive formation of vascular occlusions in PD-susceptible grapevines does not prevent the pathogen's systemic spread in them, but may significantly suppress the vines' water conduction, contributing to PD symptom development and the vines' eventual death.

  2. Three New Pierce's Disease Pathogenicity Effectors Identified Using Xylella fastidiosa Biocontrol Strain EB92-1.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shujian Zhang

    Full Text Available Xylella fastidiosa (X. fastidiosa infects a wide range of plant hosts and causes economically serious diseases, including Pierce's Disease (PD of grapevines. X. fastidiosa biocontrol strain EB92-1 was isolated from elderberry and is infectious and persistent in grapevines but causes only very slight symptoms under ideal conditions. The draft genome of EB92-1 revealed that it appeared to be missing genes encoding 10 potential PD pathogenicity effectors found in Temecula1. Subsequent PCR and sequencing analyses confirmed that EB92-1 was missing the following predicted effectors found in Temecula1: two type II secreted enzymes, including a lipase (LipA; PD1703 and a serine protease (PD0956; two identical genes encoding proteins similar to Zonula occludens toxins (Zot; PD0915 and PD0928, and at least one relatively short, hemagglutinin-like protein (PD0986. Leaves of tobacco and citrus inoculated with cell-free, crude protein extracts of E. coli BL21(DE3 overexpressing PD1703 exhibited a hypersensitive response (HR in less than 24 hours. When cloned into shuttle vector pBBR1MCS-5, PD1703 conferred strong secreted lipase activity to Xanthomonas citri, E. coli and X. fastidiosa EB92-1 in plate assays. EB92-1/PD1703 transformants also showed significantly increased disease symptoms on grapevines, characteristic of PD. Genes predicted to encode PD0928 (Zot and a PD0986 (hemagglutinin were also cloned into pBBR1MCS-5 and moved into EB92-1; both transformants also showed significantly increased symptoms on V. vinifera vines, characteristic of PD. Together, these results reveal that PD effectors include at least a lipase, two Zot-like toxins and a possibly redundant hemagglutinin, none of which are necessary for parasitic survival of X. fastidiosa populations in grapevines or elderberry.

  3. Morphology and biology of the fruit piercing moth, Ophiusa corona (Fabricious (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Permkam, S.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Morphology and biology of the fruit-piercing moth Ophiusa coronata (Fabricious (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae were studied in laboratory. Eggs were spherical and colored grayish green with an average diameter of 1.03±0.01 mm (mean±SEM. The larvae were looper caterpillars, possessing 2 white bands on the black head. The body was brown to blackish, marked with black spots and red longitudinal streaks. The pupa was black-brown. The adult moth had rufous and fuscous forewings tinged with a black spot in the middle. The hind wings were bright yellow in ground color with a dark band at the anterior and the posterior borders. Time required for egg to adult development averaged 40.35±0.59 days (mean±SEM. The average duration for egg, larval and pupal developments were 4.0±0.0, 23.20±0.49 and 13.15±0.22 days, respectively. Sexual maturity for female took 10.67±1.05 days. The average duration of egg laying, number of eggs and longevity of adult moths were 7.33±1.28 days, 333.0±171.82 egg/female and 22.83±2.45 days, respectively. Feeding preference and phototaxis of adult studies showed that adults likely preferred to feed ranking from slices of pineapple, banana, papaya and citrus, whereas sapodilla and rose apple were rarely fed on. Blue light and mercury vapor light were highly attractive, whereas violet light and fluorescent light were less attractive to this adult moth species.

  4. Extraction of lanthanides by polysulfone microcapsules containing EHPNA. I. Piercing method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靖宇; 王月; 侯海龙; 徐建鸿; 王运东

    2015-01-01

    Since the conventional liquid-liquid extraction method suffered from a series of problems such as inefficiency of one stage extraction, vast device occupation and severe emulsification, we adopted microcapsule (MC) technique to change the former liq-uid-liquid extraction to liquid-solid extraction. Firstly, the piercing method was performed to prepare the empty polysulfone (PSF) microcapsules, which was easy to implement and control. Secondly, the ultrasonic approach was utilized to prepare the functional microcapsules containing 2-ethylhexylphosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester (EHPNA). We focused on a key factor of the molar ratio of PSF over 1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NMP), attaining a loading ratio as high as 7.21 g-EHPNA/g-PSF. Thirdly, we examined the kinetics and thermodynamics of extraction. Kinetic results demonstrated that equilibrium was reached within two hours, with an extraction rate of Sm3+≈Er3+>La3+; Thermodynamic results showed that the extraction of lanthanides complied with the Langmuir law, with an extraction capacity of 0.25–0.30 mmol/g-microcapsule. Fourthly, stripping experiment indicated that three hours were re-quired to accomplish equilibrium for La3+ and Sm3+ while longer hours for Er3+. Finally, seven extraction-stripping cyclic experiments were performed for three mixed elements, the results of which revealed that Sm3+ and Er3+ maintained constantly high extraction amount whilst La3+ leveled off at approximately 50%. This proposed polysulfone microcapsule containing EHPNA is suitable to be applied to extraction and concentration of rare earth metals.

  5. Evaluation of an URANS-LES Hybrid Approach for Turbulent Free Surface Flows Around Surface-Piercing Bodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-10-01

    fraction is obtained from its transport of-fluid (VOF) method. The same surface-piercing equation hydrofoil is considered with a rectangular plan-form...time-scale to be Hydrofoil resolved was computed from r = / u’, where £ was The computational domain is bounded by an taken as 0.02 c, and u’as 0.5U0...chord-lengths forward and aft state, we took steady RANS solution as the initial from the leading-edge of the hydrofoil , respectively, condition. The

  6. [Tatoos, piercing: body art? Body damage? Debasement of the body or return to a primitive way of life?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grognard, C

    2006-01-01

    Tatoos and piercing, though they might appear as something like a trend, if not a craze, remain for a majority minority and even fringe practices. For the adolescent, questing for his identity (no more a child, not yet an adult), the tegmental sign is a way of engraving in the flesh dramatic events of his existence. The body mark is a search for independence, a symbolic attainment of self-reliance, a way of severing the umbilical cord and of asserting oneself. In face of a life no longer under control, the body is an object at hand, on which self-will is almost unbridled... These body modifications testify to change.

  7. Tatuajes y piercing: consideraciones sobre el alcance de una ordenanza municipal en la ciudad de Córdoba Tattoos and piercing: considerations about the scope of a municipal statue in Cordoba city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J M Verduzco

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Las ordenanzas municipales son herramientas legales, a través de las cuales los municipios o comunas ejercen un control sobre diversas actividades, algunas de las cuales como el caso de la práctica de tatuajes y piercing, pueden ser nocivas para la salud. La Municipalidad de Córdoba a través de la Ordenanza Nº 10962, sancionada el 6 de Octubre de 2005, intenta controlar esta ancestral práctica realizada sobre la piel humana. El presente trabajo tiene como finalidad analizar el articulado de esta Ordenanza y hacer algunas consideraciones sobre su utilidad en la prevención de enfermedades.Municipal statues are legal tools ratified by the municipal legislative power, stablishing rules in the corresponding scope. This rules have the aim of regulating different activities, over which the Municipality police power is excercised. Many of this activities are related to public health, because they can cause diseases in the population exposed to them. The practice of tattoing and piercing is one of this activities able to cause diseases. Due to this fact, the Municipality of Córdoba has sanctioned statue 10962 in order to control this ancestral practice.

  8. [Body modifications and sexual health : Impact of tattoos, body piercing and esthetic genital plastic surgery on the sexual health of women and men].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stirn, Aglaja Valentina; Zannoni, Ronja

    2017-07-25

    The present paper addresses the psychological impact of body modifications (e.g. tattoos, body piercing and esthetic genital plastic surgery) on the sexual health of individuals and refers to past and present research insights. Body modifications are understood as invasive interventions on the human body, especially interventions on the human skin which result in (semi-)permanent changes. Tattoos and body piercing (in particular genital piercing) positively affect the sexual satisfaction and the sexual appeal of men and women but there is a controversial association with high risk sexual behavior. Moreover, this article focuses on esthetic genital plastic surgery based on the increasing interest and insights of the impact on female genital self-perception and sexual behavior.

  9. Solution of the Pierce problem near a corner of a rectilinear flow with a polygonal cross-section

    CERN Document Server

    Kotelnikov, Igor A

    2014-01-01

    An ill-posed problem of synthesis of the Pierce electrodes for a cylindrical beam with a polygonal cross-section is considered. It is assumed that a beam of charged particles is extracted from a space-charge-limited planar diode and the Pierce electrodes outside of the beam ensure its zero angular divergence. A mathematical statement of the problem presumes a computation of the electrostatic potential outside of the beam that should match the Child-Langmuir 1D potential inside of the beam. An exact solution is first obtained for the potential outside of the beam near its right angle. The solution involves double analytic continuation and a numerical integration of the hypergeometric function and can be used as a benchmark for testing numerical codes. It is shown that equipotential surfaces have fractures that can be pushed away from the corner of the beam by means of smoothing the beam corners. This solution is then generalized to an angle of arbitrary magnitude.

  10. Nickel sensitization in adolescents and association with ear piercing, use of dental braces and hand eczema. The Odense Adolescence Cohort Study on Atopic Diseases and Dermatitis (TOACS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørtz, Charlotte G; Lauritsen, Jens Martin; Bindslev-Jensen, Carsten;

    2002-01-01

    % of cases. Nickel allergy was found most frequently in girls and the association with ear piercing was confirmed. Application of dental braces (oral nickel exposure) prior to ear piercing (cutaneous nickel exposure) was associated with a significantly reduced prevalence of nickel allergy. In adolescents...... a significant association was found between hand eczema and nickel allergy. A follow-up study of this population is planned in order to assess the course and development of contact dermatitis, hand eczema and atopic diseases in adulthood and after choice of occupation....

  11. A systematic review of animal predation creating pierced shells: implications for the archaeological record of the Old World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Maria Kubicka

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background The shells of molluscs survive well in many sedimentary contexts and yield information about the diet of prehistoric humans. They also yield evidence of symbolic behaviours through their use as beads for body adornments. Researchers often analyse the location of perforations in shells to make judgements about their use as symbolic objects (e.g., beads, the assumption being that holes attributable to deliberate human behaviour are more likely to exhibit low variability in their anatomical locations, while holes attributable to natural processes yield more random perforations. However, there are non-anthropogenic factors that can cause perforations in shells and these may not be random. The aim of the study is compare the variation in holes in shells from archaeological sites from the Old World with the variation of holes in shells pierced by mollusc predators. Methods Three hundred and sixteen scientific papers were retrieved from online databases by using keywords, (e.g., ‘shell beads’; ‘pierced shells’; ‘drilling predators’; 79 of these publications enabled us to conduct a systematic review to qualitatively assess the location of the holes in the shells described in the published articles. In turn, 54 publications were used to assess the location of the holes in the shells made by non-human predators. Results Almost all archaeological sites described shells with holes in a variety of anatomical locations. High variation of hole-placement was found within the same species from the same site, as well as among sites. These results contrast with research on predatory molluscs, which tend to be more specific in where they attacked their prey. Gastropod and bivalve predators choose similar hole locations to humans. Discussion Based on figures in the analysed articles, variation in hole-location on pierced shells from archaeological sites was similar to variation in the placement of holes created by non-human animals

  12. A systematic review of animal predation creating pierced shells: implications for the archaeological record of the Old World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosin, Zuzanna M.; Tryjanowski, Piotr

    2017-01-01

    Background The shells of molluscs survive well in many sedimentary contexts and yield information about the diet of prehistoric humans. They also yield evidence of symbolic behaviours through their use as beads for body adornments. Researchers often analyse the location of perforations in shells to make judgements about their use as symbolic objects (e.g., beads), the assumption being that holes attributable to deliberate human behaviour are more likely to exhibit low variability in their anatomical locations, while holes attributable to natural processes yield more random perforations. However, there are non-anthropogenic factors that can cause perforations in shells and these may not be random. The aim of the study is compare the variation in holes in shells from archaeological sites from the Old World with the variation of holes in shells pierced by mollusc predators. Methods Three hundred and sixteen scientific papers were retrieved from online databases by using keywords, (e.g., ‘shell beads’; ‘pierced shells’; ‘drilling predators’); 79 of these publications enabled us to conduct a systematic review to qualitatively assess the location of the holes in the shells described in the published articles. In turn, 54 publications were used to assess the location of the holes in the shells made by non-human predators. Results Almost all archaeological sites described shells with holes in a variety of anatomical locations. High variation of hole-placement was found within the same species from the same site, as well as among sites. These results contrast with research on predatory molluscs, which tend to be more specific in where they attacked their prey. Gastropod and bivalve predators choose similar hole locations to humans. Discussion Based on figures in the analysed articles, variation in hole-location on pierced shells from archaeological sites was similar to variation in the placement of holes created by non-human animals. Importantly, we found that

  13. A Reassessment of George Pierce Baker's "The Principles of Argumentation": Minimizing the Use of Formal Logic in Favor of Practical Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bordelon, Suzanne

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author demonstrated how recent histories relied primarily on previous accounts and one textbook to characterize George Pierce Baker's work. This narrow assessment of "The Principles of Argumentation" limits one's understanding of his contribution to argumentation theory and pedagogy. Similarly, one has seen the need for care…

  14. SPR Characteristics Curve and Distribution of Residual Stress in Self-Piercing Riveted Joints of Steel Sheets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rezwanul Haque

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Neutron diffraction was used to describe the residual stress distributions in self-piercing riveted (SPR joints. The sheet material displayed a compressive residual stress near the joint, and the stress gradually became tensile in the sheet material far away from the joint. The stress in the rivet leg was lower in the thick joint of the softer steel sheet than in the thin joint of the harder steel sheet. This lower magnitude was attributed to the lower force gradient during the rivet flaring stage of the SPR process curve. This study shows how the residual stress results may be related to the physical occurrences that happened during joining, using the characteristics curve. The study also shows that neutron diffraction technique enabled a crack in the rivet tip to be detected which was not apparent from a cross-section.

  15. NORMAL INCIDENCE SOUND ABSORPTION COEFFICIENT OF DIRECT PIERCING CARVED WOOD PANEL WITH DAUN SIREH MOTIF USING BOUNDARY ELEMENT METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Zamri Jusoh

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The Direct Piercing Carved Wood Panel (DPCWP installed in Masjid Abidin, Kuala Terengganu, is one example that carries much aesthetic and artistic value. The use of DPCWP in earlier mosques was envisaged to improve the intelligibility of indoor speech because the perforated panels allow some of the sound energy to pass through. In this paper, the normal incidence sound absorption coefficient of DPCWP with Daun Sireh motif, which is a form of floral pattern, is discussed. The Daun Sireh motif was chosen and investigated for 30%, 35%, 40%, and 45% perforation ratios. The simulations were conducted using BEASY Acoustic Software based on the boundary element method. The simulation results were compared with measurements obtained by using the sound intensity technique. An accompanying discussion on both the numerical and the measurement tendencies of the sound absorption characteristics of the DPCWP is provided. The results show that the DPCWP with Daun Sireh motif can act as a good sound absorber.

  16. Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing 糖化血红蛋白检测系统性能验证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈乔彬; 李维; 刘梦莹; 张伟; 邓玉奎; 张静

    2015-01-01

    目的:评价 Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing 全自动毛细管电泳仪检测糖化血红蛋白(HbA1c)的检测性能。方法参照美国临床实验室标准化协会(CLSI)及厂家声明对 Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing 全自动毛细管电泳仪测定 HbA1c 的精密度、正确度、可报告范围、抗干扰能力、不同检测系统结果一致性进行验证。结果Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing 全自动毛细管电泳仪检测正常HbA1c 水平的批内、批间变异系数(CV)分别为0.80%、0.92%,病理 HbA1c 水平的批内、批间 CV 分别为1.10%、1.32%;正确度验证的偏差均小于厂家声明的5%;可报告范围验证的回归方程为 Y =1.002X +0.023(r 2=0.023,P =0.000),在4.4%~18.3%范围内的检测结果能达到线性要求;在 HbA1c 浓度分别在低、中、高水平时,干扰物总胆红素、脂血、血红蛋白对测定HbA1c 的偏差绝对值均未超过5%;与 Bio-Rad Variant Ⅱ糖化血红蛋白分析仪检测结果的一致性分析的回归方程为 Y =0.9877X -0.1344(r 2=0.9942,P =0.000),呈良好的线性关系;基于生物学变异的最佳允许总误差为2.31%。结论Capillar-ys 2 Flex Piercing 全自动毛细管电泳仪检测 HbA1c 的性能达到 CLSI 指南和厂家说明书的要求,可以满足临床检测需求。

  17. Seasonal Abundance and Suppression of Fruit-Piercing Moth Eudocima phalonia (L. in a Citrus Orchard in Sarawak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Chan Teck Leong

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Seasonal population of the fruit-piercing moths Eudocima spp. was monitored throughout the citrus growing seasons in a citrus orchard and in site adjacent to secondary forest from July 2007 to June 2009. The moth was detected practically throughout the year with activity lowest during the wet months (September-February when fruits are still available and while highest during the dry months (May-June which also coincided with the main fruiting season. The effects of an nC24 horticultural mineral oil (HMO on the citrus fruit damage caused by fruit-piecing moths was also determined. The percent fruit damage was significantly lowest (P≤0.05 in HMO-treated plots (8.4, followed by Dimethoate-treated plots (11.6 and untreated plots (22.5. However, there was no significant difference between HMO and Dimethoate treated plots indicating HMO is effective in reducing percent fruit damage.

  18. A new paradigm for numerical simulation of microneedle-based drug delivery aided by histology of microneedle-pierced skin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Tao; Das, Diganta Bhusan

    2015-06-01

    Microneedle (MN) is a relatively recent invention and an efficient technology for transdermal drug delivery (TDD). Conventionally, mathematical models of MNs drug delivery define the shape of the holes created by the MNs in the skin as the same as their actual geometry. Furthermore, the size of the MN holes in the skin is considered to be either the same or a certain fraction of the length of the MNs. However, the histological images of the MN-treated skin indicate that the real insertion depth is much shorter than the length of the MNs and the shapes may vary significantly from one case to another. In addressing these points, we propose a new approach for modeling MN-based drug delivery, which incorporates the histology of MN-pierced skin using a number of concepts borrowed from image processing tools. It is expected that the developed approach will provide better accuracy of the drug diffusion profile. A new computer program is developed to automatically obtain the outline of the MNs-treated holes and import these images into computer software for simulation of drug diffusion from MN systems. This method can provide a simple and fast way to test the quality of MNs design and modeling, as well as simulate experimental studies, for example, permeation experiments on MN-pierced skin using diffusion cell. The developed methodology is demonstrated using two-dimensional (2D) numerical modeling of flat MNs (2D). However, the methodology is general and can be implemented for three dimensional (3D) MNs if there is sufficient number of images for reconstructing a 3D image for numerical simulation. Numerical modeling for 3D geometry is demonstrated by using images of an ideal 3D MN. The methodology is not demonstrated for real 3D MNs, as there are not sufficient numbers of images for the purpose of this paper.

  19. Development of a model for the stiffness and life time prediction of self piercing riveted joints in automotive components

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dannbauer, H.; Gaier, C.; Dutzler, E.; Halaszi, C. [Engineering Center Steyr GmbH and Co. KG, St. Valentin (Austria). Structural Analysis Dept.

    2006-07-01

    Stiffness and strength behaviour of light weight components in the automotive industry are significantly affected by the properties of the joints. The applied joining process, the number and the location of the sopt joints have thus a large technological and economic influence. The strength of spot welds can only marginally be increased by the strength of the applied plate material. By application of high strength steels the utilization of mechanical joining techniques like self piercing riveting is recommended which exhibit higher strengths. Because of light weight design and safety aspects the application of high strength steels in the development of car bodies becomes increasingly important. For an efficient design and optimization of these complex structures reliable CAE techniques are required. For spot welding suitable models for the evaluation of strength and life time of complex structures like car bodies have already been developed, but sufficient models for calculation of self piercing riveted joints are not existent up to the present, because the strength properties of mechanical joints are more difficult to integrate. For this reason, a substitution model has been created which accounts for a correct local stiffness and enables life time assessments. The model has been calibrated based on test data and by parameters like material properties, plate thickness, rivet diameter and their combinations into account. The result is a substitution model similar to that applied to spot welding, but by consideration of additional parameters to achieve a good agreement with the experiments. Summarizing, the substitution model covers all parameters (plate thickness, rivet diameter) which are relevant in the automotive and light truck industry. (orig.)

  20. Removal of copper and iron by polyurethane foam column in FIA system for the determination of nickel in pierced ring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vongboot, Monnapat; Suesoonthon, Monrudee

    2015-01-01

    Polyurethane foam (PUF) mini-column was used to eliminate copper and iron for the determination of nickel in pierced rings. The PUF mini-column was connected to FIA system for on-line sorption of copper and iron in complexes form of CuSCN(+) and FeSCN(2+). For this season, the acid solution containing a mixture of Ni(II), Fe(III), Cu(II) and SCN(-) ions was firstly flew into the PUF column. Then, the percolated solution which Fe(III) and Cu(II) ions is separated from analysis was injected into FIA system to react with 4-(2-pyridylazo) resorcinol (PAR) reagent in basic condition which this method is called pH gradient technique. The Ni-PAR complexes obtained were measured theirs absorbance at 500 nm by UV visible spectrophotometer. In this study, it was found that Cu(II) and Fe(III) were completely to form complexes with 400 mmol/L KSCN and entirely to eliminate in acidic condition at pH 3.0. In the optimum condition of these experiments, the method provided the linear relationship between absorbance and the concentration of Ni(II) in the range from 5.00 to 30.00 mg/L. Linear equation is y=0.0134x+0.0033 (R(2)=0.9948). Precision, assessed in the term of the relative standard deviation, RSD, and accuracy for multiple determinations obtained in values of 0.77-1.73% and 97.4%, respectively. The level of an average amount of Ni(II) in six piercing rings was evaluated to be 14.78 mg/g.

  1. Current meter - direction and other data from the PIERCE in support of the Outer Continental Shelf - South Atlantic project from 23 October 1974 to 09 November 1974 (NODC Accession 7800778)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Current meter - direction and other data were collected from the PIERCE from 23 October 1974 to 09 November 1974. Data were collected by Atlantic Oceanographic and...

  2. Water physical and chemical data from current meter and bottle casts from the G.W. PIERCE as part of the Ocean Continental Shelf - Mid Atlantic (OCS - Mid Atlantic) project, 22 October 1975 - 31 October 1975 (NODC Accession 8200067)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Water physical and chemical data were collected using current meter and bottle casts from the G.W. PIERCE from October 22, 1975 to October 31, 1975. Data were...

  3. Taxonomic code, temperature, and other data collected from net casts in North Atlantic Ocean from G.W. PIERCE; 23 October 1975 to 30 October 1975 (NODC Accession 7601641)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Taxonomic Code, temperature, and other data were collected using net casts and other instruments in the North Atlantic Ocean from G.W. PIERCE. Data were collected...

  4. Body piercing and tattoo: awareness of health related risks among 4,277 Italian secondary school adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazzoleni Francesco

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The awareness of health risks associated with body art among secondary school pupils has never previously been studied in depth. A large sample of secondary school adolescents from the Veneto Region (North East Italy were investigated in order to inform health education programs. Methods 6 public secondary schools from each of the 7 Provinces of the Veneto Region were selected. All students attending the 1st, 3rd, and 5th school years were surveyed by an anonymous self administered questionnaire on their perception of health risks related to body art and other explanatory variables. Logistic regression analysis was employed, reporting adjusted Odds Ratios (OR with 95% Confidence Interval (CI. Results Among 4,277 available students (aged 14-22 years, boys were consistently: less knowledgeable of infectious diseases related to body art (OR = 0.78; CI: 0.66, 0.94, less likely to be aware of the hygienic norms to be observed in a body art parlour (OR = 0.54; 0.44, 0.65, less likely to refer to a certified body art parlour (OR = 0.56; 0.48, 0.66, less likely to refer to a professional health care provider for complications related to body art (OR = 0.71; 0.59, 0.86. Students attending the first school year (baseline had a lesser knowledge of body art related infectious diseases, were less likely to refer to a certified body art parlour, and to know the mandatory hygienic rules to be observed when performing body modifications. Interviewees from the provinces of Rovigo and Vicenza were less likely to be conscious of the health risks associated with body modifications, and those with tattoos were less knowledgeable about the infection risk (OR = 0.60; 0.42, 0.86 and less likely to refer to a professional health care provider in case of medical complication (OR = 0.68;0.48, 0.95. Students with piercings were less likely to refer to a certified practitioner for receiving body art (OR = 0.62; 0.50, 0.77 or therapy for medical

  5. Body piercing and tattoo: awareness of health related risks among 4,277 Italian secondary school adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cegolon, Luca; Miatto, Enrico; Bortolotto, Melania; Benetton, Mirca; Mazzoleni, Francesco; Mastrangelo, Giuseppe

    2010-02-17

    The awareness of health risks associated with body art among secondary school pupils has never previously been studied in depth. A large sample of secondary school adolescents from the Veneto Region (North East Italy) were investigated in order to inform health education programs. 6 public secondary schools from each of the 7 Provinces of the Veneto Region were selected. All students attending the 1st, 3rd, and 5th school years were surveyed by an anonymous self administered questionnaire on their perception of health risks related to body art and other explanatory variables. Logistic regression analysis was employed, reporting adjusted Odds Ratios (OR) with 95% Confidence Interval (CI). Among 4,277 available students (aged 14-22 years), boys were consistently: less knowledgeable of infectious diseases related to body art (OR = 0.78; CI: 0.66, 0.94), less likely to be aware of the hygienic norms to be observed in a body art parlour (OR = 0.54; 0.44, 0.65), less likely to refer to a certified body art parlour (OR = 0.56; 0.48, 0.66), less likely to refer to a professional health care provider for complications related to body art (OR = 0.71; 0.59, 0.86). Students attending the first school year (baseline) had a lesser knowledge of body art related infectious diseases, were less likely to refer to a certified body art parlour, and to know the mandatory hygienic rules to be observed when performing body modifications. Interviewees from the provinces of Rovigo and Vicenza were less likely to be conscious of the health risks associated with body modifications, and those with tattoos were less knowledgeable about the infection risk (OR = 0.60; 0.42, 0.86) and less likely to refer to a professional health care provider in case of medical complication (OR = 0.68;0.48, 0.95). Students with piercings were less likely to refer to a certified practitioner for receiving body art (OR = 0.62; 0.50, 0.77) or therapy for medical complications (OR = 0.37; 0.29, 0.46). Health

  6. Ballistic Limit of High-Strength Steel and Al7075-T6 Multi-Layered Plates Under 7.62-mm Armour Piercing Projectile Impact

    OpenAIRE

    Rahman, N.A.; S. Abdullah; Zamri,W. F. H.; M. F. Abdullah; M. Z. Omar; Sajuri, Z.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract This paper presents the computational-based ballistic limit of laminated metal panels comprised of high strength steel and aluminium alloy Al7075-T6 plate at different thickness combinations to necessitate the weight reduction of existing armour steel plate. The numerical models of monolithic configuration, double-layered configuration and triple-layered configuration were developed using a commercial explicit finite element code and were impacted by 7.62 mm armour piercing projectil...

  7. Hydrogeologic framework, groundwater movement, and water budget in the Puyallup River Watershed and vicinity, Pierce and King Counties, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welch, Wendy B.; Johnson, Kenneth H.; Savoca, Mark E.; Lane, Ron C.; Fasser, Elisabeth T.; Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Marshall, Cameron; Clothier, Burt G.; Knoedler, Eric N.

    2015-01-01

    This report presents information used to characterize the groundwater-flow system in the Puyallup River Watershed and vicinity, and includes descriptions of the geology and hydrogeologic framework; groundwater recharge and discharge; groundwater levels and flow directions; seasonal groundwater level fluctuations; interactions between aquifers and the surface-water system; and a water budget. The study area covers about 1,220 square miles in northern Pierce and southern King Counties, Washington; extends north to the Green River and Auburn Valley and southwest to the Puyallup River and adjacent uplands; and is bounded on the south and east by foothills of the Cascade Range and on the west by Puget Sound. The area is underlain by a northwest-thickening sequence of unconsolidated glacial and interglacial deposits, which overlie sedimentary and volcanic bedrock units that crop out in the foothills along the southern and eastern margin of the study area. Geologic units were grouped into 13 hydrogeologic units consisting of aquifers, confining units, and an underlying bedrock unit. A surficial hydrogeologic unit map was developed and used with well information from 1,012 drillers’ logs to construct 8 hydrogeologic sections, and unit extent and thickness maps.

  8. Dynamic Strength Evaluations for Self-Piercing Rivets and Resistance Spot Welds Joining Similar and Dissimilar Metals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

    2007-10-01

    This paper summarizes the dynamic joint strength evaluation procedures and the measured dynamic strength data for thirteen joint populations of self-piercing rivets (SPR) and resistance spot welds (RSW) joining similar and dissimilar metals. A state-of-the-art review of the current practice for conducting dynamic tensile/compressive strength tests in different strain rate regimes is first presented, and the generic issues associated with dynamic strength test are addressed. Then, the joint strength testing procedures and fixture designs used in the current study are described, and the typical load versus displacement curves under different loading configurations are presented. Uniqueness of the current data compared with data in the open literature is discussed. The experimental results for all the joint populations indicate that joint strength increases with increasing loading rate. However, the strength increase from 4.47m/s (10mph) to 8.94m/s (20mph) is not as significant as the strength increase from static to 4.47m/s. It is also found that with increasing loading velocity, displacement to failure decreases for all the joint samples. Therefore, “brittleness” of the joint sample increases with impact velocity. Detailed static and dynamic strength data and the associated energy absorption levels for all the samples in the thirteen joint populations are also included.

  9. An iterative Rankine BEM for wave-making analysis of submerged and surface- piercing bodies in finite water depth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Guanghua

    2013-01-01

    A 3-D iterative Rankine Boundary Element Method (BEM) for seakeeping problem in time domain is developed in the framework of linear potential theory. Waves generated by both submerged and surface-piercing bodies moving at a constant forward speed in otherwise calm water, and the resultant steady wave pattern, wave profile and resistance are computed to validate this newly-developed code. A rectangular computational domain moving with the same forward speed as the body is introduced, in which an artificial damping beach is installed at an outer portion of the free surface except the downstream side for satisfying the radiation condition. The velocity potential on the ship hull and the normal velocity on the free surface are obtained directly by solving the boundary integral equation, with the Rankine source used as the kernel function. An iterative time-marching scheme is employed for updating both kinematic and dynamic free surface boundary conditions to stabilize the calculation. Extensive results including the wave patterns, wave profiles and wave resistances for a submerged spheroid and a Wigley hull with forward speed are presented to validate the efficiency of the proposed 3-D time-domain higher-order approach. Finally, the sensitivity of ship-generated waves to the water depth is investigated. Computed results show satisfactory agreement with the corresponding experimental data and other numerical solutions.

  10. Use of diesel engine and surface-piercing propeller to achieve fuel savings for inshore fishing boats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zainol, Ismail; Yaakob, Omar

    2016-06-01

    Fishing is a major local industry in Malaysia, particularly in rural areas. However, the rapidly increasing price of fuel is seriously affecting the industry's viability. At present, outboard petrol engines are the preferred choice for use in small-scale fishing boats because they deliver the advantages of high speed and low weight, they are easy to install, and they use minimal space. Petrol outboard engines are known to consume a greater amount of fuel than inboard diesel engines, but installing diesel engines with conventional submerged propellers in existing small-scale fishing boats is not economically viable because major hullform modifications and extra expenditure are required to achieve this. This study describes a proposal to enable reductions in fuel consumption by introducing the combined use of a diesel engine and surface-piercing propeller (SPP). An analysis of fuel consumption reduction is presented, together with an economic feasibility study. Resulting data reveal that the use of the proposed modifications would save 23.31 liters of fuel per trip (40.75 %) compared to outboard motors, equaling annual savings of RM 3962 per year.

  11. Ballistic Impact Response of Ceramic-Faced Aramid Laminated Composites Against 7.62 mm Armour Piercing Projectiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nityananda Nayak

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Ballistic impact response of ceramic- composite armor, consisting of zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA ceramic front and aramid laminated composite as backing, against 7.62 mm armor piercing (AP projectiles has been studied. Two types of backing composite laminates i.e. Twaron-epoxy and Twaron-polypropylene (PP of 10 mm and 15 mm thickness were used with a ceramic face of 4mm thick ZTA. The ceramic- faced and the stand alone composite laminates were subjected to ballistic impact of steel core 7.62 mm AP projectiles with varying impact velocities and their V50 ballistic limit (BL was determined. A sharp rise in BL was observed due to addition of ceramic front layer as compared to stand alone ones. The impact energy was absorbed during penetration primarily by fracture of ceramic, deformation and fracture of projectile and elastic-plastic deformation of flexible backing composite layer. The breaking of ceramic tiles were only limited to impact area and did not spread to whole surface and projectile shattering above BL and blunting on impact below BL was observed. The ceramic- faced composites showed higher BL with Twaron-PP as backing than Twaron-epoxy laminate of same thickness. This combination of ceramic-composite laminates exhibited better multi-hit resistance capability; ideal for light weight armor.Defence Science Journal, 2013, 63(4, pp.369-375, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.63.2616

  12. New insights into an RNAi approach for plant defence against piercing-sucking and stem-borer insect pests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Haichao; Guan, Ruobing; Guo, Huimin; Miao, Xuexia

    2015-11-01

    Insect double-stranded (ds)RNA expression in transgenic crops can increase plant resistance to biotic stress; however, creating transgenic crops to defend against every insect pest is impractical. Arabidopsis Mob1A is required for organ growth and reproduction. When Arabidopsis roots were soaked in dsMob1A, the root lengths and numbers were significantly suppressed and plants could not bolt or flower. Twenty-four hours after rice roots were immersed in fluorescent-labelled dsEYFP (enhanced yellow fluorescent protein), fluorescence was observed in the rice sheath and stem and in planthoppers feeding on the rice. The expression levels of Ago and Dicer in rice and planthoppers were induced by dsEYFP. When rice roots were soaked in dsActin, their growth was also significantly suppressed. When planthoppers or Asian corn borers fed on rice or maize that had been irrigated with a solution containing the dsRNA of an insect target gene, the insect's mortality rate increased significantly. Our results demonstrate that dsRNAs can be absorbed by crop roots, trigger plant and insect RNAi and enhance piercing-sucking and stem-borer insect mortality rates. We also confirmed that dsRNA was stable under outdoor conditions. These results indicate that the root dsRNA soaking can be used as a bioinsecticide strategy during crop irrigation. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Grapevine rootstock effects on scion sap phenolic levels, resistance to Xylella fastidiosa infection, and progression of Pierce's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallis, Christopher M; Wallingford, Anna K; Chen, Jianchi

    2013-01-01

    The xylem-limited bacterium Xylella fastidiosa (Xf) causes Pierce's disease (PD), an important disease of grapevine, Vitis vinifera L. Grapevine rootstocks were developed to provide increased resistance to root disease, but rootstock effects on cane and vine diseases remain unclear. Grapevines that consisted of Cabernet Sauvignon or Chardonnay grafted to 13 different rootstocks were inoculated with Xf and evaluated for PD severity and Xf titer after 6 months. A subset of six rootstock/scion combinations had xylem sap phenolic levels assessed in non-infected and Xf-infected grapevines. Vigor also was analyzed by measuring root lengths and masses. Cabernet Sauvignon grafted to 101-14MG, 1103P, 420A, or Schwarzmann had reduced PD severity compared to Cabernet Sauvignon grafted to 110R, 5BB, or SO4. Chardonnay grafted to Salt Creek or Freedom had reduced PD severity compared to Chardonnay grafted to RS3 or Schwarzmann. Chardonnay grafted to RS3 had greater Xf titer than Chardonnay grafted to 101-14MG, Freedom, or Salt Creek. No other differences in Xf titer among rootstocks were observed. Of the six scion/rootstock combinations which had xylem sap phenolics analyzed, Chardonnay/RS3 had the highest levels of most phenolics whereas Cabernet Sauvignon/101-14MG had the lowest phenolic levels. However, Chardonnay/101-14MG, which had mild PD symptoms, had greater sap levels of caftaric acid than other scion/rootstock combinations. Sap levels of caftaric acid, methyl salicylate, a procyanidin trimer, and quinic acid were greater in Xf-infected vs. non-infected grapevines. Chardonnay on 101-14MG or Salt Creek had greater root mass than Chardonnay on RS3. Cabernet Sauvignon on 101-14MG had greater root mass than Cabernet Sauvignon on 110R. These results identified rootstocks with the capacity for reducing PD symptom progression. Rootstocks also were shown to affect Xf titer, xylem sap phenolic levels, and plant vigor.

  14. Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing: Analytical performance assessment according to CLSI protocols for HbA1c quantification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doggui, Radhouene; Abdelhafidh Sahli, Chaïma; Aissa, Wassef Lotfi; Hammami, Maroua; Ben Sedrine, Maha; Mahjoub, Rahma; Zouaoui, Khemais; Daboubi, Rim; Siala, Hajer; Messaoud, Taieb; Bibi, Amina

    2017-09-01

    HbA1c is used for monitoring diabetic balance. In this paper we report an assessment of the analytical performances of Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing (C2FP) for HbA1c measurement using CE (Capillary Electrophoresis). CLSI (Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute) protocols are used for the evaluation of apparatus performances: precision, linearity, method comparison, trueness and common interferences. HbA1c CVs average in intra-assay was 1.6% between run imprecision CV ranged from 0.1 to 1.8%. The linearity was demonstrated between 4.7 and 15.0%. The comparison study revealed that Bland Altman plot mean difference was equal to -0.03 (CI 95% (-0.05 to -0.0003)) and Passing-Bablok regression intercept was -0.05, CI95%(-0.13 -  -0.05); slope: 1.00, CI95%[1.00-1.01]. A strong correlation (r > 0.99) was proved. No significant effects of hemoglobin variants were seen with CE on HbA1c measurement. No problem related to sample-to-sample carry over was noted. No interferences of LA1c and cHb were observed. CE allowed quantification of HbA1c even at low level of total hemoglobin (40 g/L) in contrast to HPLC. Furthermore, this analyzer offered the opportunity of quantifying the HbA2 simultaneously with HbA1c . This evaluation showed that C2FP is a convenient system for the control of diabetes and the detection of hemoglobinopathies. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  15. Relationship Between Piercing-Sucking Insect Control and Internal Lint and Seed Rot in Southeastern Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medrano, Enrique G; Bell, Alois A; Greene, Jeremy K; Roberts, Phillip M; Bacheler, Jack S; Marois, James J; Wright, David L; Esquivel, Jesus F; Nichols, Robert L; Duke, Sara

    2015-08-01

    In 1999, crop consultants scouting for stink bugs (Hemiptera spp.) in South Carolina discovered a formerly unobserved seed rot of cotton that caused yield losses ranging from 10 to 15% in certain fields. The disease has subsequently been reported in fields throughout the southeastern Cotton Belt. Externally, diseased bolls appeared undamaged; internally, green fruit contain pink to dark brown, damp, deformed lint, and necrotic seeds. In greenhouse experiments, we demonstrated transmission of the opportunistic bacterium Pantoea agglomerans by the southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula (L.). Here, green bolls were sampled from stink bug management plots (insecticide protected or nontreated) from four South Atlantic coast states (North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida) to determine disease incidence in the field and its association with piercing-sucking insects feeding. A logistic regression analysis of the boll damage data revealed that disease was 24 times more likely to occur (P = 0.004) in bolls collected from plots in Florida, where evidence of pest pressure was highest, than in bolls harvested in NC with the lowest detected insect pressure. Fruit from plots treated with insecticide, a treatment which reduced transmission agent numbers, were 4 times less likely to be diseased than bolls from unprotected sites (P = 0.002). Overall, punctured bolls were 125 times more likely to also have disease symptoms than nonpunctured bolls, irrespective of whether or not plots were protected with insecticides (P = 0.0001). Much of the damage to cotton bolls that is commonly attributed to stink bug feeding is likely the resulting effect of vectored pathogens. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America 2015. This work is written by US Government employees and is in the public domain in the US.

  16. Lidar-revised geologic map of the Olalla 7.5' quadrangle, King, Kitsap, and Pierce Counties, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabor, Rowland W.; Haugerud, Ralph A.; Booth, Derek B.; Troost, Kathy Goetz

    2013-01-01

    The Olalla 7.5' quadrangle, which lies almost in the center of the Puget Lowland, displays the broad range of geologic environments typical of the region. The upland plain is fluted by the passage of the great continental ice sheet that last covered the area about 17,000 (14,000 radiocarbon) years ago. The plain is cut by channel deposits, both late glacial and postglacial in age, and it is cleaved even more deeply by one of the major arms of Puget Sound, Colvos Passage, which here separates the west coast of Vashon Island from the Kitsap Peninsula. Beneath the deposits of the last ice sheet is a complex sequence of older Quaternary-age sediments that extends about 400 m below the modern ground surface. These older sediments are best exposed along the shorelines and beach cliffs of Puget Sound, where wave action and landslides maintain relatively fresh exposures. The older sediments typically are compact, having been loaded by ice during one or more episodes of glaciation subsequent to their deposition. Locally these sediments are also cemented by iron and manganese oxides and hydroxides, a consequence of many tens or hundreds of thousands of years of weathering and groundwater movement. Our map is an interpretation of a 6-ft resolution lidar-derived digital elevation model combined with the geology depicted on the "Geologic map of the Olalla 7.5' quadrangle, King, Kitsap, and Pierce Counties, Washington," by Booth and Troost (2005), which was described, interpreted, and located on the 1953 1:24,000-scale topographic map of the Olalla 7.5-minute quadrangle. The original topographic base map, derived from 1951 aerial photographs, has 20-ft contours, nominal horizontal resolution of circa 40 ft (12 m), and nominal mean vertical accuracy of circa 13 ft (4 m). This new DEM has a horizontal resolution of 6 ft (2 m) and mean vertical accuracy circa 1 ft (0.3 m). The greater resolution and accuracy of the lidar DEM facilitated a much-improved interpretation of many

  17. Lidar-revised geologic map of the Olalla 7.5' quadrangle, King, Kitsap, and Pierce Counties, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabor, Rowland W.; Haugerud, Ralph A.; Booth, Derek B.; Troost, Kathy Goetz

    2013-01-01

    The Olalla 7.5' quadrangle, which lies almost in the center of the Puget Lowland, displays the broad range of geologic environments typical of the region. The upland plain is fluted by the passage of the great continental ice sheet that last covered the area about 17,000 (14,000 radiocarbon) years ago. The plain is cut by channel deposits, both late glacial and postglacial in age, and it is cleaved even more deeply by one of the major arms of Puget Sound, Colvos Passage, which here separates the west coast of Vashon Island from the Kitsap Peninsula. Beneath the deposits of the last ice sheet is a complex sequence of older Quaternary-age sediments that extends about 400 m below the modern ground surface. These older sediments are best exposed along the shorelines and beach cliffs of Puget Sound, where wave action and landslides maintain relatively fresh exposures. The older sediments typically are compact, having been loaded by ice during one or more episodes of glaciation subsequent to their deposition. Locally these sediments are also cemented by iron and manganese oxides and hydroxides, a consequence of many tens or hundreds of thousands of years of weathering and groundwater movement. Our map is an interpretation of a 6-ft resolution lidar-derived digital elevation model combined with the geology depicted on the "Geologic map of the Olalla 7.5' quadrangle, King, Kitsap, and Pierce Counties, Washington," by Booth and Troost (2005), which was described, interpreted, and located on the 1953 1:24,000-scale topographic map of the Olalla 7.5-minute quadrangle. The original topographic base map, derived from 1951 aerial photographs, has 20-ft contours, nominal horizontal resolution of circa 40 ft (12 m), and nominal mean vertical accuracy of circa 13 ft (4 m). This new DEM has a horizontal resolution of 6 ft (2 m) and mean vertical accuracy circa 1 ft (0.3 m). The greater resolution and accuracy of the lidar DEM facilitated a much-improved interpretation of many

  18. TERRAIN, Pierce County, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix N: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  19. BASEMAP, PIERCE COUNTY, WISCONSIN

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — FEMA Framework Basemap datasets comprise six of the seven FGDC themes of geospatial data that are used by most GIS applications (Note: the seventh framework theme,...

  20. TERRAIN, PIERCE, COUNTY, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix N: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  1. Conflict at Pierce College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergerson, Amy A.

    2004-01-01

    This case was written for use in courses in higher education leadership. It is particularly useful for examining the environment in which decisions are made in higher education institutions. In the case, a young administrator is confronted with an ethical dilemma. She initially receives the support of her superiors in handling the situation, but…

  2. Caring for Pierced Ears

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Boards study tools Online Learning Center Meetings and events Make a difference Career planning Media Relations Toolkit AAD apps Academy meeting Chronic urticaria—for members Chronic urticaria—for public Dermatology World Dialogues in Dermatology JAAD Mohs AUC ...

  3. A new method for piercing the tentorium cerebelli for implanting fragile electrodes into the brain stem in the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jing; Wang, Wenchao; Rizak, Joshua Dominic; Wang, Zhengbo; Wang, Jianhong; Feng, Xiaoli; Dong, Jinrun; Li, Lin; Liu, Li; Xu, Liqi; Yang, Shangchuan; Hu, Xintian

    2014-03-01

    Recent developments in neuron recording techniques include the invention of some fragile electrodes. The fragility of these electrodes impedes their successful use in deep brain recordings because it is difficult to penetrate the electrodes through the dura mater, especially the tentorium cerebelli (TC) enclosing the cerebellum and brain stem. This paper reports a new method to pierce the TC for inserting fragile electrodes into the inferior colliculus of rhesus monkeys. Briefly, a unique tool kit, consisting of needles with sharp tips, a guide tube and an "impactor," was used in a multistep protocol to pierce the TC. The impactor provided a brief force that quickly thrusts the needles through the meninges without causing significant damage to the brain tissue under the TC. Using this novel approach, tetrodes were successfully implanted into the inferior colliculus of a rhesus monkey and neuronal discharge signals were recorded. This method, which is simple, convenient and economical, allows neurophysiologists to study the electrophysiological characteristics of deep brain structures under the TC with advanced, albeit fragile, electrodes.

  4. 冰箱门内壳楔形冲孔模设计%Design of the Wedge-Shaped Piercing Die for the Inner Shell of the Refrigerator Door

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦建保

    2001-01-01

    分析了冰箱门内壳的冲孔工艺性,介绍了楔形冲孔模的结构及工作过程,还介绍了设计与工作中的注意事项。%The hole-piercing processing property of an inner shell of the refrigerator door was analyzed. The structure and the working process of the wedge-shaped piercing die were introduced.And the attention points in the design and manufacture of the die were stated.

  5. Hydrogeologic Framework, Groundwater Movement, and Water Budget in the Chambers-Clover Creek Watershed and Vicinity, Pierce County, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savoca, Mark E.; Welch, Wendy B.; Johnson, Kenneth H.; Lane, R.C.; Fasser, Elisabeth T.

    2010-01-01

    This report presents information used to characterize the groundwater-flow system in the Chambers-Clover Creek Watershed and vicinity, and includes descriptions of the geology and hydrogeologic framework; groundwater recharge and discharge; groundwater levels and flow directions; seasonal groundwater level fluctuations; interactions between aquifers and the surface-water system; and a water budget. The study area covers about 706 square miles in western Pierce County, Washington, and extends north to the Puyallup River, southwest to the Nisqually River, and is bounded on the south and east by foothills of the Cascade Range and on the west by Puget Sound. The area is underlain by a northwest-thickening sequence of unconsolidated glacial and interglacial deposits which overlie sedimentary and volcanic bedrock units that crop out in the foothills along the southern and southeastern margin of the study area. Geologic units were grouped into 11 hydrogeologic units consisting of aquifers, confining units, and an underlying bedrock unit. A surficial hydrogeologic unit map was developed and used with well information from 450 drillers' logs to construct 6 hydrogeologic sections, and unit extent and thickness maps. Groundwater in unconsolidated glacial and interglacial aquifers generally flows to the northwest towards Puget Sound, and to the north and northeast towards the Puyallup River. These generalized flow patterns likely are complicated by the presence of low permeability confining units that separate discontinuous bodies of aquifer material and act as local groundwater-flow barriers. Water levels in wells completed in the unconsolidated hydrogeologic units show seasonal variations ranging from less than 1 to about 50 feet. The largest groundwater-level fluctuation (78 feet) observed during the monitoring period (March 2007-September 2008) was in a well completed in the bedrock unit. Synoptic streamflow measurements made in September 2007 and July 2008 indicated a

  6. Numerical simulation of the groundwater-flow system in the Chambers-Clover Creek Watershed and Vicinity, Pierce County, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Kenneth H.; Savoca, Mark E.; Clothier, Burt

    2011-01-01

    A groundwater-flow model was developed to contribute to an improved understanding of water resources in the Chambers-Clover Creek Watershed. The model covers an area of about 491 square miles in western Pierce County, Washington, and is bounded to the northeast by the Puyallup River valley, to the southwest by the Nisqually River valley, and extends northwest to Puget Sound, and southeast to Tanwax Creek. The Puyallup and Nisqually Rivers occupy large, relatively flat alluvial valleys that are separated by a broad, poorly drained, upland area that covers most of the model area. Chambers and Clover Creeks drain much of the central uplands and flow westward to Puget Sound. The model area is underlain by a northwest-thickening sequence of unconsolidated glacial (till and outwash) and interglacial (fluvial and lacustrine) deposits. Ten unconsolidated hydrogeologic units in the model area form the basis of the groundwater-flow model. Groundwater flow in the Chambers-Clover Creek Watershed and vicinity was simulated using the groundwater-flow model, MODFLOW-2000. The finite-difference model grid comprises 146 rows, 132 columns, and 11 layers. Each model cell has a horizontal dimension of 1,000 by 1,000 feet, and the model contains a total of 123,602 active cells. The thickness of model layers varies throughout the model area and ranges from 1.5 feet in the A3 aquifer unit to 1,567 feet in the G undifferentiated unit. Groundwater flow was simulated for both steady-state and transient conditions. Steady-state conditions were simulated using average recharge, discharge, and water levels for the 24-month period September 2006-August 2008. Transient conditions were simulated for the period September 2006-August 2008 using 24 monthly stress periods. Resource managers and local stakeholders intend to use the model to evaluate a range of water resource issues under both steady-state and transient conditions. Initial conditions for the transient model were developed from a 3-year

  7. Chemical, physical, phytoplankton weight, and other data collected using meteorological sensors, plankton net, secchi disk, CTD, and bottle casts from the G.W. PIERCE as part of the California Cooperative Fisheries Investigation (CALCOFI) project, from 19 June 1971 to 14 September 1980 (NODC Accession 8300037)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Chemical, physical, phytoplankton weight, and other data were collected from the G.W. PIERCE from June 19, 1971 to September 14, 1980. Data were collected using...

  8. Temperature profiles from expendable bathythermograph (XBT) casts from NOAA Ship RESEARCHER and the G. W. PIERCE in the Gulf of Mexico in support of the Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS) from 1979-09-12 to 1979-10-02 (NCEI Accession 7900341)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — XBT data were collected from NOAA Ship RESEARCHER and the G. W. PIERCE in support of the Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS). Data were collected by the...

  9. Comet C2012 S1 (ISON): Observations of the Dust Grains From SOFIA and of the Atomic Gas From NSO Dunn and Mcmath-Pierce Solar Telescopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wooden, Diane H.; Woodward, Charles E.; Harker, David E.; Kelley, Michael S. P.; Sitko, Michael; Reach, William T.; De Pater, Imke; Gehrz, Robert D.; Kolokolova, Ludmilla; Cochran, Anita L.; hide

    2013-01-01

    Comet C/2012 S1 (ISON) is unique in that it is a dynamically new comet derived from the Oort cloud reservoir of comets with a sun-grazing orbit. Infrared (IR) and visible wavelength observing campaigns were planned on NASA's Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) and on National Solar Observatory Dunn (DST) and McMath-Pierce Solar Telescopes, respectively. We highlight our SOFIA (+FORCAST) mid- to far-IR images and spectroscopy (approx. 5-35 microns) of the dust in the coma of ISON are to be obtained by the ISON-SOFIA Team during a flight window 2013 Oct 21-23 UT (r_h approx. = 1.18 AU). Dust characteristics, identified through the 10 micron silicate emission feature and its strength, as well as spectral features from cometary crystalline silicates (Forsterite) at 11.05-11.2 microns, and near 16, 19, 23.5, 27.5, and 33 microns are compared with other Oort cloud comets that span the range of small and/or highly porous grains (e.g., C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp) and C/2001 Q4 (NEAT) to large and/or compact grains (e.g., C/2007 N4 (Lulin) and C/2006 P1 (McNaught)). Measurement of the crystalline peaks in contrast to the broad 10 and 20 micron amorphous silicate features yields the cometary silicate crystalline mass fraction, which is a benchmark for radial transport in our protoplanetary disk. The central wavelength positions, relative intensities, and feature asymmetries for the crystalline peaks may constrain the shapes of the crystals. Only SOFIA can look for cometary organics in the 5-8 micron region. Spatially resolved measurements of atoms and simple molecules from when comet ISON is near the Sun (r_hPierce, the Solar-Stellar Spectrograph also will target ISON (320-900 nm, R approx. 21,000, r_h<0.3 AU). Assuming survival, the intent is to target ISON over r_h<0.4 AU, characteristic of prior Na detections.

  10. 单搭自冲铆接过程的数值模拟及质量评价%Numerical Simulation of Single Lap Self- piercing Riveting Process and Quality Evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严柯科; 何晓聪; 张玉涛; 冯模盛

    2011-01-01

    Self-piercing riveting(SPR) is a new process without drilling holes between two panels. It introduces the principle and uses the finite clement analysis (FEA) software LS-DYNA to simulate the process of single lap self - piercing riveting, analyzes the riveting forming process, stress, strain and time- load change trend, evaluates the riveting effect and quality.%自冲铆接是在板料和铆钉之间形成连接而不需要预冲孔的新工艺.介绍了自冲铆接的原理,利用有限元软件LS - DYNA对单搭自冲铆接工艺过程进行数值模拟,分析了铆接成形过程、应力应变和时间-载荷变化趋势,对铆接效果及质量进行了评价.

  11. Comprehensive evaluation of Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing glycated hemoglobin A1cdetermination system%Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing糖化血红蛋白检测系统的综合评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐安平; 纪玲; 陈卫东; 夏勇; 黄静之; 喻晶; 周宇; 李璐

    2016-01-01

    目的:综合评估基于毛细管电泳法的Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing糖化血红蛋白(HbA1c)检测系统。方法验证Capillarys 2 Flex PiercingHbA1c检测系统的相关性、精密度和线性范围等基本性能指标,并采用干扰实验评价其抗干扰能力,项目包括胆红素(Bil)、甘油三酯(TG)、血红蛋白(Hb)、不稳定糖化血红蛋白(LA1c)、HbF和广东地区常见的Hb变异体(Hb E、Hb J-Bangkok、Hb New York、Hb G-Taipei和Hb G-Coushatta)。采用Capillarys 2 Flex PiercingHbA1c检测系统检测HbA2,评价其与毛细管电泳法的相关性;采用Capillarys 2 Flex PiercingHbA1c检测系统测定40份美国国家糖化血红蛋白标准化计划(NGSP)HbA1c临床实验室认证样本,分析其与NGSP参考实验室结果的差异,验证正确度。结果 Capillarys 2 Flex PiercingHbA1c检测系统与VariantⅡ Turbo 2.0 HbA1c分析仪的相关性良好(r=0.997,P=0.000);总精密度[变异系数(CV)]<2.00%;HbA1c在3.8%~17.1%范围内呈线性;当Bil≤355μmol/L、TG≤25.3 mmol/L、Hb为28~182 g/L、LA1c为1.2%~7.8%、HbF≤22.3%时不受干扰;能分离广东地区常见的Hb变异体(Hb E、Hb J-Bangkok、Hb New York、Hb G-Taipei和Hb G-Coushatta)。Capillarys 2 Flex PiercingHbA1c检测系统检测HbA2和毛细管电泳法相关性良好(r=0.993, P=0.000);与NGSP参考实验室结果的偏差均<6%。结论 Capillarys 2 Flex PiercingHbA1c检测系统完全能满足临床需求,可同时提供HbA2的结果用于地中海贫血的筛查,是一种多用途的HbA1c检测系统。%Objective To comprehensively evaluate Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing glycated hemoglobin A1c(HbA1c) determination system based on capillary electrophoresis.MethodsThe correlation,precision and linear range of Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing HbA1c determination system were verified. Samples with different levels of bilirubin(Bil), triglyceride(TG),hemoglobin(Hb),labile glycated

  12. Numerical simulation of piercing free of die on pipe via laser shock wave%管材无凹模激光冲击波冲孔数值模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张标; 张兴权; 王海荣; 郑如; 左立生; 时礼平

    2011-01-01

    Based on analysis of current research situation of piercing free of die on pipe and its process characteristics, a new concept that piercing free of die via laser shock wave was proposed. By using nonlinear explicit dynamic finite element software of ANSYS/ LS-DYNA, the dynamic process of piercing free of die by laser was simulated, the stress and strain during piercing were analyzed and the stress and strain time history curves and energy curves were drawn.%通过对管材无凹模冲孔工艺的研究情况进行分析,根据无凹模冲孔的工艺特点,提出了利用激光冲击波实现管材无凹模激光冲孔工艺的概念,并论证了该工艺的可行性与先进性.采用非线性显式动力学有限元分析软件ANSYS/LS-DYNA,模拟了管材无凹模激光冲孔的动态过程,对冲孔过程的应力应变情况进行了分析,并绘制了应力、应变时间历程曲线和冲孔过程中的能量变化曲线,为管材激光冲孔试验研究和工艺优化提供依据,开辟了管材无凹模冲孔技术的新工艺.

  13. A new type of structure of four bent corners bending & piercing compound mold%一种新型的四角弯曲冲孔复合模结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    茆琦; 李潍

    2012-01-01

    结合支撑托架冲件的具体案例,阐述了一种新型的四角弯曲冲孔复合模结构.该结构通过采用浮动式的弯曲凸模,能够保证先后两次U形弯曲和冲孔依次进行,且冲孔时消除了弯曲变形的发生.该结构能够保证弯曲件上孔及孔间距的精度,具有一定的独创性.%Based on the specific case of support bracket stamping, in this paper, a new type of structure of four bent corners bending & piercing compound mold is stated. By using floating bending punch, this structure can guarantee that it has two U bending and piercing in turn and the bending deformation has been eliminated when piercing happens. This structure can also guarantee the hole spacing accuracy of bending parts, and has some originality.

  14. 分流式穿孔机主减速机的制造%Manufacture for main reducer of shunting piercing mill

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨建忠

    2013-01-01

    Double power-dividing and load-balancing technology is adopted for the main gear reducer for the piercing mill of the Φ720 mm seamless tube rolling equipment. The machining process/technology of gears and gear shafts, gear box, gear rings and hub perforation pin holes during manufacture of the reducer is analyzed. A detailed introduction of the assembly process is offered. It can provide a reference for machining of big-torque and big-size heavy gears.%介绍了国内首次制造大型分流式穿孔机主减速机的全部过程,该减速机采用了双均载设计、制造、装配技术;文章中具体分析了该减速机在制造、装配过程中存在的主要问题,并提出相应解决方案.

  15. Microstructural study of the ablation behaviors of 3D fine weave pierced Carbon/Carbon composites using plasma torch at ultra-high temperature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A simple and effective method of testing ablation behaviors of carbon/carbon composites at high temperature was provided, which used plasma torch as the heater. The ablation resistance of 3D fine weave pierced carbon/carbon composites at high temperature was also studied. The results show that temperature of the plasma flame is very high which is much closer to the real work environment of carbon/carbon composites. The factors that affect the ablation characters of carbon/carbon composites depend on both the properties of their components and the environmental conditions in which the material is placed. The ablation behaviors of C/C composites change from the center flame region predominantly influenced by sublimation of graphite to the region close to the outer flame influenced mainly by oxidization of graphite. The sublimation ability of carbon matrix is equal to that of carbon fibers but the oxidization ability of carbon fibers is significantly enhanced compared to that of carbon matrix.

  16. Some technical methods to study the roughness of some surfaces generated into metallic targets by laser micro piercing in determined conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bokor, Corina; Rau, Ileana B.; Isarie, Ilie V.; Isarie, Claudiu; Kappel, Wilhelm; Mortoiu, Doina; Ticusan, Stelian; Itu, Sorin

    2012-09-01

    Dimensional machining realized by laser beam and/or another concentrated energy sources in metallic targets, is based on melting, vaporisation and expulsion of some quantities of metal as a function of radiation parameters and material nature. In some cases as: drawing plates used for the synthetic wires, fine fuel filters or fuel injectors, for the internal surface of the hole, is prefered more roughness in comparison of the holes, realized by classic piercing. For instance, to realize some textures of simple synthetic fibres or in combination with natural fibres we want to have not a smooth surface, but a rough one because in this way, the texture will be more resistant in the places exposed at different efforts. Concerning the fuel injectors we prefere the same: a rough surface, in order to ensure a better pulverized jet of the fuel. In the same time, when the hole is machined with a concentrated energy: L.B.M., E.B.M. a.s.o. the injector has a longer life. It is not very easy to study the roughness resulted by L.B.M. in a less than 0.2 mm diameter hole. To avoid errors of investigation, authors have experienced on pieces of carbide and alloyed steel which were bored on separate adjacent plans, and in this way, the bored surfaces were not affected by a cutting operation after boring, for such small diameters.

  17. Population genomic analysis of a bacterial plant pathogen: novel insight into the origin of Pierce's disease of grapevine in the U.S.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonard Nunney

    Full Text Available Invasive diseases present an increasing problem worldwide; however, genomic techniques are now available to investigate the timing and geographical origin of such introductions. We employed genomic techniques to demonstrate that the bacterial pathogen causing Pierce's disease of grapevine (PD is not native to the US as previously assumed, but descended from a single genotype introduced from Central America. PD has posed a serious threat to the US wine industry ever since its first outbreak in Anaheim, California in the 1880s and continues to inhibit grape cultivation in a large area of the country. It is caused by infection of xylem vessels by the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa subsp. fastidiosa, a genetically distinct subspecies at least 15,000 years old. We present five independent kinds of evidence that strongly support our invasion hypothesis: 1 a genome-wide lack of genetic variability in X. fastidiosa subsp. fastidiosa found in the US, consistent with a recent common ancestor; 2 evidence for historical allopatry of the North American subspecies X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex and X. fastidiosa subsp. fastidiosa; 3 evidence that X. fastidiosa subsp. fastidiosa evolved in a more tropical climate than X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex; 4 much greater genetic variability in the proposed source population in Central America, variation within which the US genotypes are phylogenetically nested; and 5 the circumstantial evidence of importation of known hosts (coffee plants from Central America directly into southern California just prior to the first known outbreak of the disease. The lack of genetic variation in X. fastidiosa subsp. fastidiosa in the US suggests that preventing additional introductions is important since new genetic variation may undermine PD control measures, or may lead to infection of other crop plants through the creation of novel genotypes via inter-subspecific recombination. In general, geographically mixing of previously

  18. Evaluation of Fall Chinook and Chum Salmon Spawning Habitat near Ives and Pierce Islands in the Columbia River, Progress Report 1999-2001.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garland, Rodney; Tiffan, Kenneth; Rondorf, Dennis

    2003-09-01

    The area around Ives Island below Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River supports spawning populations of chum and fall chinook salmon. Because this area is sensitive to water level fluctuations caused by changes in discharge from Bonneville Dam and from tidal cycles, we initiated a study to quantify flow-dependent changes in available spawning habitat for chum and fall chinook salmon. We conducted surveys to characterize the substrates available in the Ives Island study area. Detailed bathymetry was also obtained to serve as a foundation for two-dimension hydrodynamic modeling, which was used to estimate water velocities, depths, and wetted area over a range of simulated flows. Habitat surveys were conducted and logistic regression was used to identify physical habitat variables that were important in determining the presence of chum and fall chinook salmon redds. The physical habitat data were analyzed using the logistic regression models to create probability coverages for the presence of redds in a Geographic Information System. There was generally good agreement between chum and fall chinook salmon redd locations and areas where we predicted suitable spawning habitat. We found that at Columbia River discharges less than 120 kcfs, an important chum salmon spawning area below the mouth of Hamilton Creek could only be supported by discharge from Hamilton Creek. Chum salmon did not appear to spawn in proportion to habitat availability, however our predictive model did not include all variables known to be important to chum salmon redd-site selection. Fall chinook salmon spawning habitat was less sensitive to flow and the main channel of the Columbia River along Pierce Island was predicted to contain sufficient habitat at all modeled flows.

  19. 椭圆管状铆钉自冲铆接工艺研究%Research on Self-piercing Riveting Process of Elliptic Pipe Rivet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄志超; 刘伟燕; 薛曙光

    2013-01-01

    With elliptic pipe rivet as research object,the design method of orthogonal experiment (DOE)is applied in one-way tensile test of three jointing forms of rivets,and load-stroke curve variation trend of different jointing forms is analyzed.The impact of the parameters,including rivet thickness,height,radial rate,placement form,rivet end angle and thickness of sheet material on the jointing strength and section quahty is analyzed with extremum difference analysis and variance analysis.The optimal process parameter combination is defined,thus an excellent mechanical performance for self-piercing riveting joint is obtained.%以椭圆管状铆钉为研究对象,利用正交试验设计方法,针对铆接件的3种接头形式进行了单向拉伸试验,分析了不同铆接接头形式的载荷-行程曲线变化趋势.采用极差分析法和方差分析法,分析了椭圆管状铆钉的壁厚、高度、向心率、铆钉放置形式、端面角度以及板料厚度组合等参数对接头强度和剖面质量的影响,确定了合理的工艺参数组合方案,从而获得良好的自冲铆接接头力学性能.

  20. 轻型车身自冲铆接头拉伸剪切实验的研究%Research of tensile shear experiments of self-piercing riveted joints for lightweight vehicle body

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严柯科; 何晓聪; 邢保英; 张玉涛; 冯模盛

    2012-01-01

    Self-piercing riveting ( SPR) is a potential joining technology, especially for the light material (light alloy, composite and etc. ) joining. 2 mm-thick aluminum alloy 5052 specimens from serf-piercing riveting connections were studied, and the entireriveting process was analyzed. The self-piercing riveted structure was analyzed by applying the finite element analysis software AN-SYS. Tensile shear experiments of riveted specimens were conducted on AG - IS mechanics experimental machine. Experimental data of eight groups was analyzed and compared. Fracture modes of SPR joints were analyzed. Significance of vehicle weight reduction manufacturing on SPR joining technology was objectively evaluated%自冲铆接是一种很有潜力的连接工艺,尤其对于轻型材料(轻合金、复合材料等)的连接.文中对2 mm厚铝合金板5052的自冲铆连接试件进行了研究,分析了整个铆接过程;采用有限元分析软件ANSYS分析了自冲铆接结构;利用AG- IS力学实验机对铆接试件进行了拉伸剪切实验,通过8组实验数据分析对比,分析了铆接试件的断裂形式;客观地评价了自冲铆连接技术对汽车轻量化制造的重大意义.

  1. Study on Armor-piercing Power of Steel Target under the Impact of Cube-shaped Fragment%立方形破片对钢靶的穿甲威力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭军; 袁宝慧; 程淑杰; 陈皓

    2011-01-01

    Through six shot ballistics limit law with 14. S mm ballistic gun and LS-DYNA, the ballistic limit speed of 8 g cube-shaped steel fragments and 3 g, 8 g cube-shaped tungsten-alloy fragments, vertically penetrating the Q235 steel target, is studied, and the piercing mechanism and armor-piercing power of three the types of fragmentation near the ballistic limit speed are also analyzed. The results show that the mechanism of three types of fragments is same. In the case of similar impact specific kinetic energy, the fragment density is the main factor affecting armor-piercing power, when the fragment penetrates 5 mm steel target; but the density and quality of fragments decide the fragment armor-piercing power together when penetrating 10 mm steel target.%利用14.5 mm弹道枪通过六射弹弹道极限法,结合LS-DYNA数值计算法研究了8 g立方形钢破片和3 g、8 g立方形钨合金破片垂直侵彻Q235钢靶板的v50弹道极限速度,并分析了三种类型破片在v50弹道极限速度附近的穿甲机理、穿甲威力等.结果表明,三种破片在侵彻靶板时具有相同的穿甲机理,两种类型的钨合金破片具有良好的穿甲效果.在冲击比动能相差不大的情况下,贯穿5mm靶时,破片材料的密度是影响穿甲威力的主要因素;而贯穿10 mm靶时,破片的密度和质量共同决定着破片的穿甲威力.

  2. On the validity of the ionospheric pierce point (IPP altitude of 350 km in the Indian equatorial and low-latitude sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. V. S. Rama Rao

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The GPS data provides an effective way to estimate the total electron content (TEC from the differential time delay of L1 and L2 transmissions from the GPS. The spacing of the constellation of GPS satellites in orbits are such that a minimum of four GPS satellites are observed at any given point in time from any location on the ground. Since these satellites are in different parts of the sky and the electron content in the ionosphere varies both spatially and temporally, the ionospheric pierce point (IPP altitude or the assumed altitude of the centroid of mass of the ionosphere plays an important role in converting the vertical TEC from the measured slant TEC and vice versa. In this paper efforts are made to examine the validity of the IPP altitude of 350 km in the Indian zone comprising of the ever-changing and dynamic ionosphere from the equator to the ionization anomaly crest region and beyond, using the simultaneous ionosonde data from four different locations in India. From this data it is found that the peak electron density height (hpF2 varies from about 275 to 575 km at the equatorial region, and varies marginally from 300 to 350 km at and beyond the anomaly crest regions. Determination of the effective altitude of the IPP employing the inverse method suggested by Birch et al. (2002 did not yield any consistent altitude in particular for low elevation angles, but varied from a few hundred to one thousand kilometers and beyond in the Indian region. However, the vertical TEC computed from the measured GPS slant TEC for different IPP altitudes ranging from 250 to 750 km in the Indian region has revealed that the TEC does not change significantly with the IPP altitude, as long as the elevation angle of the satellite is greater than 50 degrees. However, in the case of satellites with lower elevation angles (<50°, there is a significant departure in the TEC computed using different IPP altitudes from both methods

  3. PIERCING THE DIPLOMATIC IMMUNITY VEIL

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    10332324

    2014-01-15

    Jan 15, 2014 ... From time to time the media reports on diplomats residing in a ... "mistreatment", but has since received diplomatic immunity and left the US for India. ... Section 213 of the Labour Relations Act 66 of 1995 (hereafter the "LRA").

  4. How Piercings and Tattooing Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of the Year Award Arnold P. Gold Foundation Humanism in Medicine Award Diversity Mentorship Program Eugene Van ... in Dermatology JAAD Mohs AUC MyDermPath+ Psoriasis Patient education resources Practice Management Center Coding and reimbursement Coding ...

  5. The Beauty of Transparency:Pierced Work in the Design of Books%剔透之美——书籍设计中的镂空艺术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈伟伟

    2011-01-01

    Pierced work enriches the language expression of book pages.It binds pages by borrowing and changing scenes.It strengthens the spatial expression of the entire form of books.Pierced work can guide the readers' visual focus,stimulate their reading interest,and add aesthetic tastes to the page forms of books.%镂空工艺的运用能使书籍页面的表现语言变得更加丰富,通过借景和换景的手法能使书籍的页面更加有机地组合在一起,能让书籍整体的造型在空间的表现力方面得到加强。镂空的形式可以引导观者的视觉焦点,可以增加观者的阅读兴趣,可以增加书籍页面形式的美感。

  6. 304L无缝钢管二辊斜轧穿孔裂纹的形成原因%Causes of Crack Formation in 304L Seamless Steel Pipe during Double-Roll Cross Piercing Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宝顺; 邵羽; 李三; 赵芳馨; 沈红英; 朱新强

    2013-01-01

    The mechanism of cracking in 304L seamless steel pipe during double-roll cross piercing processing was analyzed by optical microscopy, thermal-calculation ulation software and scanning electron microscopy. The results show that about 3 vol. % S ferrite phase in the billet and the heterogenous deformation of billet during the piercing process were the main causes of cracking. In addition, the difference of deformability between S ferrite phase and y phase caused both the tensile stress and the shear stress at the interface of two phases higher than the fracture strength of billet, which promoted the formation and growth of the cracks.%采用光学显微镜、热力学计算软件、扫描电镜等分析了304L无缝钢管二辊斜轧穿孔工艺中荒管内部产生裂纹的原因.结果表明:穿孔用钢坯中存在3%左右(体积分数)的δ铁素体相,穿孔工艺中不均匀变形是裂纹产生的主要原因;由于δ相和γ相变形能力不一致,在两相界面上产生超过金属断裂强度的拉应力和切应力则促进了裂纹的形成与扩展.

  7. Simulation of Armor-piercing Explosive Projectile on Penetration Target Plate with Different Material%穿甲爆破弹对不同材料靶板的侵彻仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖振东

    2016-01-01

    In order to research the simulation of armor-piercing explosive projectile on penetration target plate with different material,based on ANSYS/ls-dyna finite element analysis software,to the thickness of the target board variable parameters for simulation,armor blasting and target plate model, numerical simulation, the penetration process. The target state stress nephogram, explosive projectile wearing by stress conditions and residual velocity of projectile wearing a target such as conclusion, provide the basis for armor-piercing explosive projectile design of the penetration.%为获得穿甲爆破弹对不同材料靶板的侵彻情况,基于ANSYS/LS-DYNA有限元分析软件,以靶板的厚度参数为仿真变量,建立穿甲爆破弹及靶板模型,进行数值模拟,再现了侵彻过程。得到了弹丸穿靶状态受力云图、炸药所受应力情况和弹丸穿靶的剩余速度等结论,为半穿甲弹结构的设计提供了依据。

  8. 27 June 2012 - Ambassador K. Pierce, Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 5 with Department Head P. Collier and CMS control room with Former Collaboration Spokesperson J. Virdee.

    CERN Document Server

    Laurent Egli

    2012-01-01

    27 June 2012 - Ambassador K. Pierce, Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 5 with Department Head P. Collier and CMS control room with Former Collaboration Spokesperson J. Virdee.

  9. Perfuração dos lóbulos das orelhas como fator de risco para o desenvolvimento de alergia de contato ao níquel Ear piercing as a risk factor for contact allergy to nickel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilda H. T. Brandão

    2010-04-01

    those classed as doubtful, negative or irritant were defined as "no reaction." RESULTS: A total of 144 children completed the study protocol. Of these, 4.9% exhibited a reaction to chrome, 9.7% to cobalt and 20.1% to nickel. Patients with pierced ears were more likely to react to nickel than those without pierced ears (p = 0.031 and odds ratio = 2.8. CONCLUSIONS: In view of the current tendency for the prevalence of nickel allergy to increase, parents should be warned about its association with ear piercing. Further studies are needed to determine the ideal age for ear piercing and the ideal materials for earrings.

  10. 滑行艇半浸式螺旋桨的水动力学特性%Hydrodynamic characteristics of the surface-piercing propellers for the planing craft

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hassan GHASSEMI

    2009-01-01

    Demand for high-speed marine vehicles(HSMVs)is high among both commercial and naval users. It is the duty of the marine vessel's designer to provide a hull and propulsion system that diminishes drag, improves propulsive efficiency, increases safety and improves maneuverability. From the propulsor side, surface piercing propellers(SPPs)should improve performance. Unlike immersed propellers, behavior of the SPP is affected by depth of immersion, Weber number and shaft inclination angle. This paper uses a practical numerical method to predict the hydrodynamic characteristics of an SPP. The critical advance velocity ratio is derived using the Weber number and pitch ratio in the transition mode, then the potential based boundary element method(BEM)is used on the engaged surfaces. Two models of three and six-bladed SPPs(SPP-1 and SPP-2)were selected and some results are shown.

  11. Construction about on Practical Design of Stamping Mould of Trimming-piercing Die%浅谈冲压件修边冲孔模之实用设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许伯勇; 曾小虎

    2011-01-01

    本文对冲压件修边冲孔模的材料选用、导向装置、定位装置、限位装置、卸料装置、废料排出、安装定位及模具标识等方面进行了详尽的分析介绍。%This paper mainly introduces the stamping mould of piercing and curing die,from the select of mould material to guiding mechanism,fixing set,limit device,material ejector setting,the disposition of wastes,installation and positioning,mould signs and etc..At last,this paper tries to make an analysis in detail.

  12. 铆钉高度和边距对自冲铆接连接质量的影响%Effects of Rivet Height and Edge Distance on Self-piercing Riveting Quality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄志超; 刘伟燕; 夏令君; 刘晓坤; 占金青

    2012-01-01

    Process parameters of self-piercing riveting have significant effects on the performance of the rivet joints. In this paper, the influence of rivet height and edge distance on joint strength is analyzed by experimental method. In different rivet edge distances, two steel sheets with 1 mm thickness were riveted together with semi-tubular rivets which have a diameter of 5.3 mm and different heights. Tensile tests of rivet joints were conducted, and the load- displacement curves were obtained. The results show that self-piercing riveting quality is good when rivet is 3 mm higher than riveting sheet. When the rivet edge distance is less than 10 mm, it will have an impact on the rivet joint strength, and the shorter the rivet edge distance, the lower the joint strength.%自冲铆接工艺参数选取对连接件的性能影响很大,通过试验分析了铆钉高度和板料边距对铆接连接件强度的影响。在不同板料边距的情况下,用直径为5.3mm不同高度的半空心铆钉对两层1mm钢板进行铆接,并且对连接件进行拉伸试验,得到载荷一行程曲线。试验结果表明:在相同边距下,铆钉高度约高于铆接板料高度3mm时,铆接效果好;铆钉与板料边缘的距离小于10mm时,对连接强度会产生影响,并且边距越短,强度越低。

  13. 自冲铆接、无铆钉铆接与电阻点焊强度对比试验研究%Joining Strength Comparison among Self-piercing Riveting, Clinching and Resistance Spot Welding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄志超; 刘晓坤; 夏令君; 占金青

    2012-01-01

    Self-piercing riveting,clinching and resistance spot welding were described by joining Q195 steel sheets and 5A05 - O aluminum sheets respectively. The tensile tests and failure modes were also analyzed. The results show that the joint of resistance spot welding have higher static strength than the other two joints when steel sheets are joined; while the joint by self-piercing riveting have the best strength when aluminum sheets are joined. The joining strength of steel sheets is a-bout 2~4 times larger than that of aluminum sheets for the same jointing technology.%采用Q195钢板和5A05-O铝板对自冲铆接、无铆钉铆接和电阻点焊3种连接工艺进行了试验,对各种连接接头进行了拉伸测试,并且分析其失效形式.试验结果表明:对于钢板与钢板的连接,电阻点焊接头静强度大于自冲铆接和无铆钉铆接接头静强度;对于铝板与铝板的连接,自冲铆接接头静强度大于电阻点焊和无铆钉铆接接头静强度.对于不同连接工艺,钢板与钢板之间的连接强度约是铝板与铝板之间的连接强度的2到4倍.

  14. 自冲铆成形机理及静力学性能分析%Analysis on Forming Mechanism and Static Mechanics Properties of Self-piercing Riveting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢保英; 何晓聪; 唐勇; 许静楠; 曾凯

    2013-01-01

    对自冲铆接头进行静力学试验,观察和分析力学性能的差异和失效形式.用ANSYS/LS-DYNA模拟铆接过程中各个阶段材料的流向分布,观察自冲铆成形过程.以5052铝合金自冲铆接头为金相实验对象,采用阳极化制膜进行制样,微分干涉相衬法对其进行组织形态和流向观察分析,验证模拟结果,从微观角度分析自冲铆的成形机理及对接头力学性能的影响.%Static tests were conducted to the self-piercing riveting (SPR), and the mechanical properties and failure modes were analyzed. The ANSYS/LS-DYNA was used to simulate the flow and distribution of material during different stages of the SPR. The metallographic observation was held of 5052 aluminum riveted joints, the samples were prepared by anodizing the membrane, and the material flow was observed by differential interference contrasts (DIC), which validated the simulation results and analyzed the effect of forming mechanism on the mechanic propertie of joint microcosmically.

  15. Impact of Structural Adhesive on Self-Piercing Riveted Aluminum to Steel Joints%结构胶对铝钢异种金属自冲铆接工艺影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周江奇; 潘海涛; 楼铭; 杨舟; 李永兵

    2015-01-01

    在金属间加入结构胶是提高异质材料自冲铆接接头质量的有效方法.以2 mm AA6061-T6和1.6 mm深冲用冷轧钢板(BUSD)异种金属连接为研究对象,研究了不同粘度结构胶对接头中胶层分布、接头几何特征量以及准静态力学性能的影响规律.研究表明,因为铆接过程中胶层、板材以及铆钉的复杂作用,胶层在接头中呈非连续分布.胶铆复合有利于结构胶发挥抗剪强度高的优势,使接头抗剪性能提高到纯自冲铆接(Self-Piercing Riveting,SPR)接头的两倍以上,然而粘度较大的结构胶因为流动性差,在接头中残留量更大,导致接头中底切量下降,从而使接头正拉强度小幅降低.

  16. 纤维增强复合材料三明治板破片穿甲数值仿真%Numerical simulation on fragment armor-piercing against sandwich plate with fiber reinforced composite cores

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐豫新; 戴文喜; 王树山; 赵晓旭

    2014-01-01

    The energy transform in the process of fragment armor-piercing against a sandwich plate with fiber reinforced composite cores (made up of superimposed steel plate,composite material plate and steel plate laminated)was considered .The fragment simulation projectile (FSP)penetrating into different kinds of sandwich plates with high velocity were numerically simulated and the ballistic limits of fragment piercing 16 kinds of sandwich plates were obtained.The credibility of the numerical simulation method was verified by comparing its results with the experimental ones.Under critical fragment perforation,the correlation between the energy absorption ratio of the each part of the sandwich plate and the structural size was studied by analyzing the numerical simulation results.The results show that the energy absorption ratio is constant for different thickness core plate(for aramid fiber core,10.41%,for glass fiber core,2.68%),the internal energy in core plate is quadratically increased with the increase of its thickness.On this basis,the calculation method for ballistic limit velocity of fragment penetrating into sandwich plate with fiber reinforced composite cores was obtained.%研究破片对(由钢板、纤维增强复合材料板及钢板叠合而成)纤维增强复合材料三明治板穿甲过程中能量转化规律。进行破片模拟弹丸(FSP)对不同结构三明治板高速穿甲数值仿真,获得FSP弹丸对16种三明治板的弹道极限,并与实验结果对比验证数值仿真的可信度。通过分析数值仿真结果,进一步研究破片临界贯穿条件下纤维增强复合材料三明治板各组成部分吸能比率与结构尺寸相关性。结果表明,不同厚度夹层板的吸能比率恒定(芳纶纤维10.41%,玻璃纤维2.68%),夹层板内能随厚度的增加呈二次函数增加。由此获得破片对纤维增强复合材料三明治板弹道极限速度计算方法。

  17. Online Monitoring the Self-pierce Riveting Joint Quality by Force and Displacement Signals%基于力与位移信号的自冲铆接质量在线监测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄舒彦; 李永兵; 楼铭; 来新民

    2011-01-01

    An online monitoring system of serf-pierce riveting (SPR) based on LABVIEW had been set up to study the variation laws and characteristic of the force and displacement curves during the process.And an online defect monitoring method had been proposed which applies characteristic values of force and displacement curve.Through the study about the evolution of curves under some typical defect conditions like poor fit up, different riveting forces and die sizes, and by comparison with the cross-sections and quasi-static tensile strengths, so the feasibility of this method is examined.%基于Laview软件建立了自冲铆接过程信号动态测量系统,研究了自冲铆接过程力和位移信号随时间的变化规律以及接头成形过程中力和位移的演化特征,提出以力和位移信号的特征量在线评估自冲铆接接头质量的方法,并重点研究了不同板件间隙、铆接力和凹模尺寸下力及位移信号的演化规律,并结合接头的剖面形态和准静态拉伸强度,分析了通过力和位移信号在线监测铆接接头质量的可行性.

  18. 基于ANSYS/FE-SAFE的单搭自冲铆接头的疲劳分析%Fatigue Analysis of Single Lap Self-piercing Riveted Joints based on ANSYS/FE-SAFE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉涛; 何晓聪; 严柯科; 冯模盛

    2011-01-01

    Using the finite element analysis software ANSYS, the single lap self-piercing riveted joints model was established, the model will be used in static analysis. Based on static analysis, used ANSYS/FE-SAFE to analyze the fatigue life and safety factor under conditions of the sine excitation load, from the analysis of that, drew a conclusion that fatigue damage and fatigue destroy were both founded on the faying surface of upper sheet and rivet. From the safety factor and cloud maps, we can conclude that operating safety factor is bigger than permitted safety factor, which meet the need. It can provide reference for further research through fatigue analysis using ANSYS/FE-SAFE.%采用有限元分析软件ANSYS建立单搭自冲铆接头模型,对接头进行静力分析,在此基础上结合ANSYS/FE SAFE,基于正弦激励载荷,对单搭自冲铆接头的疲劳寿命和安全系数进行了分析,得出自冲铆接头的最大应力位置与疲劳破坏位置一致,均为上板与铆钉头接触的部位.从安全系数云图中可得到工作安全系数大于许用安全系数,满足条件要求.用ANSYS/FE-SAFE软件来进行疲劳分析可以为下一步研究提供一定的参考.

  19. 立式离心铸造顶头模具设计及充型凝固模拟%Design of Vertical Centrifugal Casting Mold of Piercing Plug and It's Numerical Simulation of Mold-filling and Solidification Processes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章小峰; 凌兵; 黄贞益; 王萍

    2012-01-01

    Based on the shape of φ136 mm piercing plug, a vertical centrifugal casting mold of plug was designed. The process of mold filling and process of solidification were simulated by numerical simulation.The centrifugal casting process is centrifugal revolution 300 r/min ,casting temperature 1530℃ .casting velocity 0.25m/s. The simulation results show that the whole process of mold filling is stable and fast. The whole cavity is finished filling within 10.7 s.The temperature field of solidification accords with the sequence solidification principles. The casting is solidified within 1237 s. The solid fraction also proves that the solidification process of the casting is reasonable.%根据φ136mm的穿孔顶头外形,设计一种立式离心铸造顶头的模具.通过数值模拟软件模拟其充型过程及凝固过程,离心铸造工艺参数为离心转数300 r/min、浇注温度1530℃和充型速度0.25 m/s.模拟结果表明:铸件的充型过程基本平稳、快速,大概10.7s充型完毕;凝固过程中铸件温度场分布符合顺序凝固的要求,需1237s完全凝固.另外,固相分数也证实了铸件凝固过程是合理的.

  20. S7-300 PLC在立式锥形穿孔机顶杆小车电气控制系统中的应用%S7-300 PLC Applied in the Electric Control System of Plugbar Carriage of Vertical Conic Piercing Mill

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昶

    2011-01-01

    The hardware configuration, communication between DC drive device and PLC and programming etc. of electric control of plugbar carriage of vertical conic piercing mill are introduced. Practical problems and solutions are discussed.%介绍立式锥形穿孔机顶杆小车电气控制系统中硬件组态、直流传动装置与PLC的通信、软件编程等内容,以及在实际运行中遇到的问题及解决办法。

  1. Improvement of Longitudinal Motion Performance of High Speed Light Wave-Piercing Catamaran by Hydrofoils%高速轻型穿浪双体船纵向运动改善措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑义; 董文才

    2012-01-01

    The pitch and heave motion range of high speed light wave-piercing catamaran (WPC) in head sea would become much higher while wave length near the ship length. Theoretical approaches together with model test were induced to provide a longitudinal motion performance improvement for a 250 t WPC using hydrofoils. The influence of the hydrofoils parameters, such as the shape, size and mounting locations, were investigated. A comparison of numerical calculation results and test data suggests that the strip method, with hydrodynamic interactions between hydrofoil and the hull taken into account, is applicable to the longitudinal motion prediction of WPC with hydrofoils, though the calculated RAO is a little bigger which near the RAO peak value. Based on the model test data, the significant amplitude of heave and pitch of the tested model in head sea reduced 20%~30% with the hydrofoils installed.%针对在改善高速轻型穿浪双体船(WPC)迎浪中波长与船长接近时纵向运动幅度较大的缺点,采用了理论计算与模型试验相结合的方法,对250t级穿浪双体船开展了水翼改善纵向运动的理论和试验研究,分析了水翼形式、尺度和安装位置等对纵向运动的影响规律.数值计算和试验结果的比较表明,计及水翼-船体水动力干扰影响的切片理论可满足WPC加水翼后波浪中纵向运动计算的需要,但在纵向运动响应峰值处数值计算结果偏高.模型试验表明,250 t级WPC加装水翼后,迎浪纵摇和垂荡有义幅值可减少20%~30%.

  2. Measurement of HbA1c and HbA2 by Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing HbA1c programme for simultaneous management of diabetes and screening for thalassemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ke, Peifeng; Liu, Jiawei; Chao, Yan; Wu, Xiaobin; Xiong, Yujuan; Lin, Li; Wan, Zemin; Wu, Xinzhong; Xu, Jianhua; Zhuang, Junhua; Huang, Xianzhang

    2017-10-01

    Thalassemia could interfere with some assays for haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) measurement, therefore, it is useful to be able to screen for thalassemia while measuring HbA1c. We used Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing (Capillarys 2FP) HbA1c programme to simultaneously measure HbA1c and screen for thalassemia. Samples from 498 normal controls and 175 thalassemia patients were analysed by Capillarys 2FP HbA1c programme (Sebia, France). For method comparison, HbA1c was quantified by Premier Hb9210 (Trinity Biotech, Ireland) in 98 thalassaemia patients samples. For verification, HbA1c from eight thalassaemia patients was confirmed by IFCC reference method. Among 98 thalassaemia samples, Capillarys 2FP did not provide an HbA1c result in three samples with HbH due to the overlapping of HbBart's with HbA1c fraction; for the remaining 95 thalassaemia samples, Bland-Altman plot showed 0.00 ± 0.35% absolute bias between two systems, and a significant positive bias above 7% was observed only in two HbH samples. The HbA1c values obtained by Capillarys 2FP were consistent with the IFCC targets (relative bias below ± 6%) in all of the eight samples tested by both methods. For screening samples with alpha (α-) thalassaemia silent/trait or beta (β-) thalassemia trait, the optimal HbA2 cut-off values were ≤ 2.2% and > 2.8%, respectively. Our results demonstrated the Capillarys 2FP HbA1c system could report an accurate HbA1c value in thalassemia silent/trait, and HbA2 value (≤ 2.2% for α-thalassaemia silent/trait and > 2.8% for β-thalassemia trait) and abnormal bands (HbH and/or HbBart's for HbH disease, HbF for β-thalassemia) may provide valuable information for screening.

  3. Tag gas capsule with magnetic piercing device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Ira V.

    1976-06-22

    An apparatus for introducing a tag (i.e., identifying) gas into a tubular nuclear fuel element. A sealed capsule containing the tag gas is placed in the plenum in the fuel tube between the fuel and the end cap. A ferromagnetic punch having a penetrating point is slidably mounted in the plenum. By external electro-magnets, the punch may be caused to penetrate a thin rupturable end wall of the capsule and release the tag gas into the fuel element. Preferably the punch is slidably mounted within the capsule, which is in turn loaded as a sealed unit into the fuel element.

  4. Covering and piercing disks with two centers

    KAUST Repository

    Ahn, Heekap

    2013-04-01

    We give exact and approximation algorithms for two-center problems when the input is a set D of disks in the plane. We first study the problem of finding two smallest congruent disks such that each disk in D intersects one of these two disks. Then we study the problem of covering the set D by two smallest congruent disks. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

  5. Covering and piercing disks with two centers

    KAUST Repository

    Ahn, Heekap

    2011-01-01

    We consider new versions of the two-center problem where the input consists of a set D of disks in the plane. We first study the problem of finding two smallest congruent disks such that each disk in intersects one of these two disks. Then we study the problem of covering the set D by two smallest congruent disks. We give exact and approximation algorithms for these versions. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

  6. BASEMAP, PIERCE COUNTY, GEORGIA AND INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — FEMA Framework Basemap datasets comprise six of the seven FGDC themes of geospatial data that are used by most GIS applications (Note: the seventh framework theme,...

  7. FLOODPLAIN, PIERCE COUNTY, GA AND INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  8. FLOODPLAIN, PIERCE COUNTY, WISCONSIN, AND INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  9. Coastal Analysis Submission for Pierce County, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Coastal study data as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix D: Final Draft Guidelines for Coastal Flood Hazard Analysis and Mapping for the Pacific...

  10. Self-piercing Riveting of Friction-heated AZ31 Alloy Sheet%摩擦加热AZ31镁合金板材的自冲铆接

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜越; 王明星; 刘忠侠; 韩高锟; 杨连捷; 刘志勇

    2011-01-01

    采用摩擦加热的方法对2 mmAZ31镁合金板材进行加热,然后对其进行自冲铆接.对摩擦加热过程中板材的温度变化、板材的表面损伤、自冲铆接效果以及铆接接头的剪切和疲劳性能进行了研究.结果表明,摩擦加热可以将板材的温度迅速提高到自冲铆接所需要的温度,加热过程会对板材表面造成一定损伤,但损伤程度轻微;将镁合金板材摩擦加热至180℃以上再进行自冲铆接可以有效避免板材的开裂,消除裂纹,增加铆钉与板材之间的互锁量,因而可获得具有优良剪切及疲劳性能的自冲铆接接头.与电热板加热同类型镁合金板材的自冲铆接接头相比,摩擦加热自冲铆接接头的剪切强度及疲劳性能均有所增加,这表明摩擦加热对板材表面造成的轻微损伤对铆接接头的力学性能几乎没有影响.%The self-piercing riveting (SPR) of the 2 mm AZ31 alloy sheet was preheated using friction-heating method. The temperature variation and surface damage of the sheet during the fiction-heating, the riveting effect, the shear and fatigue properties of the SPR joints were investigated. The results show that the friction-heating can rapidly increase the temperature of the sheet up to the temperature required for SPR, and the surface of the sheets was slightly damaged. When the SPR was done for the magnesium alloy sheet fiction-heated up to 180℃ and above, the cracking of the riveted sheets can effectively avoided. The fiction-heating yet can increase the interlock volume between the rivets and the riveted sheets. In short, the magnesium alloy SPR joints with excellent shear and fatigue properties can be produced by the fiction-heating. Compared with the SPR joints of the magnesium alloy sheet preheated using the electric-heating plate, the shear and fatigue properties of the SPR joints of the friction-heated magnesium alloy sheet are higher. The slight surface damage caused by the fiction

  11. Numerical Simulation of Lap-shear Strength of Self-piercing Riveting Joint%自冲铆接接头拉剪强度的数值模拟研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟毅; 林健; 雷永平; 尹兰礼

    2011-01-01

    The numerical simulation method for predicting the lap shear strength of self-piercing riveting (SPR) joint is studied. The finite element models of 0. 7mm low carbon steel+0. 7mm low carbon steel similar material and 0. 7mm low carbon steel + 2mm AA6061 dissimilar material SPR joints are established based on the experimental results. Then, considering the contact conditions between the different parts of the SPR joint, the lap shear processes of these SPR joints are simulated. It can be seen from the simulating results that the failure modes of the similar and dissimilar materials SPR joints are different: for the steel-steel similar material SPR joint, the rivet is pulled out from the joint while the failure occurs in the base metal for steel-Al dissimilar materials SPR joint. Finally, experiments of SPR joint's lap shear process are carried out to validate the simulating results. It is shown that the simulating results of SPR joint's shear strength have a good agreement with the experimental results. That suggests the developed FE model, considering the contact conditions of the materials and the joint's shape, can be used to predict the shear strength and failure mode of SPR joint.%针对自冲铆接接头拉剪强度的数值模拟方法进行研究.对0.7mm低碳钢+0.7mm低碳钢同种材料自冲铆接接头,0.7mm低碳钢+2mm铝合金的异种材料自冲铆接接头的剪切拉伸过程建立有限元模型,并对其剪切拉伸过程及铆钉与板材的受力变形情况和破坏失效模式进行了模拟和分析.从数值模拟结果可以看出,钢-钢同种材料与钢-铝异种材料自冲铆接接头遵循不同的破坏模式:在钢-钢自冲铆接接头拉剪过程中,铆钉从接头处脱出从而造成接头失效;而钢-铝铆接接头失效则发生在母材上.对模拟结果进行了试验验证,结果表明,有限元模拟结果与试验结果吻合良好.因此,综合考虑了材料接触形式和接头形状的有限元模型能够

  12. 纤维增强复合材料三明治板的破片穿甲实验%Armor-piercing experiment on fragment against sandwich plate with fiber reinforced composite cores

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐豫新; 王树山; 严文康; 虢忠仁

    2012-01-01

    研究了钢板一纤维增强复合材料板一钢板构成的三明治结构对破片的防护性能。通过破片模拟弹丸(FSP)高速撞击不同结构三明治板实验,获得FSP弹丸贯穿16种三明治板的弹道极限,分析结构特征对纤维增强复合材料三明治板比吸收能的影响。结果表明,叠层芳纶、玻纤基三明治板较单层结构三明治板比吸收能分别提高了8.31%和16.09%,8mm面板+8mm夹层+6mm背板芳纶、玻纤基三明治板较4mm面板+8mm夹层+10mm背板的芳纶、玻纤基三明治板比吸收能分别提高了37.72%和25.35%;芳纶、玻纤基三明治板的比吸收能均随复合材料夹层厚度的增加呈指数递增,夹层基板的抗拉性能是影响三明治板比吸收能的重要因素;同面密度下,厚面板、薄背板及多层叠合夹层结构的三明治板具有更高的比吸收能。%The defense performance of sandwich structure of steel plate - fiber composite material plate - steel plate structure against fragment was investigated. By the experiment on the fragment simulation projectile (FSP), impacted to different kinds of sandwich plate with high velocity, the ballistic limits of fragment pierced 16 kinds of sandwich plates were obtained, and the influence of structure characteristic on the speeifie energy absorption of the sandwich plate was analyzed. The results show that the specific energy absorption of laminated sandwich structure on aramid and glass fiber is 8. 31% and 16.09% higher than that of a single-layer structure, respectively. The specific energy absorption of the sandwich structure with 8 mm front+ 8mm core+ 6 mm back on aramid and glass fiber is 37.72% and 25. 35% higher than the one with 4 mm frontq-8 mm core+10 mm back, respectively. The speeific energy absorption of sandwich plate exponentially increases with the thickness of fiber composite sandwich. The tensile properties of middle layer plate is an

  13. Clinical application of a new type metal pierced surgical template based on 3D printing ;technology%基于3D打印技术新型金属镂空式种植外科导板的临床应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫晖; 莫业跃; 庄秀妹; 孙海鹏; 邓飞龙

    2014-01-01

    Objective To discuss the clinical application and accuracy of a new type metal pierced surgical template based on 3D printing technology . Methods With the assistant of the new metal pierced surgical template technology we implanted a total of 52 implants on the chosen 23 patients who have missing teeth and evaluated the accuracy as well as the implants′ survival rate for 1 year . Results In the cases mentioned above, 48 implants remain in the predetermined positions (error at entry point≤1.5 mm), while the rest 4 implants′ errors at entry point preponderate were over 1 .5 mm. All the implants′ offset were within the range of 2 mm , the aveage of the error at the entry point was (1.08 ± 0.24) mm. All implants were successful. And the survival rate was 100% in 1 year. Conclusion The new type metal pierced surgical template has advantages such as: easy to use, well cooling and a good surgical vision and the high accuracy.%目的:探讨基于3D打印技术制作的新型金属镂空式种植外科导板在种植手术中的效果及其精确性。方法牙缺失患者23例,利用新型金属镂空式种植外科导板辅助植入52枚种植体,观测其种植体颈部偏移距离(植入位点)和种植体1年存活率。结果48枚种植体进入预定位置,仅4枚种植体颈部出现偏移,偏移范围在2 mm内,颈部偏移的平均距离为(1.08±0.24) mm。所有种植体均顺利修复。种植体1年存活率为100%。结论新型金属镂空式种植外科导板辅助植入技术具有操作简便、术中冷却效果良好和手术视野开阔等优点,且精确度较高。

  14. Impact Research on Self-Piercing Riveting Parameters of Half-Hollow Rivet on Riveting Forming Based on the Simufact Form ing Simulation%基于 Simufa ct Forming的半空心铆钉自冲铆接参数对铆接成形的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雨桐; 刘瑞军

    2016-01-01

    以1.5 mm+1.5 mmA6062铝合金为研究对象,结合单一变量设计法进行参数组合,使用Simufact forming有限元软件对铆接过程进行模拟仿真,主要研究了凹模深度、凹模凸台高度、冲头速度3个工艺参数对半空心铆钉自冲铆接成形的影响,及参数对几何特征量的影响趋势,为半空心铆钉自冲铆接工艺参数进一步优化提供有益的借鉴。%In this thesis, taking1 .5 mm+1.5 mm A6062 aluminum as the research object, the single variable design method is used for parametric combination, and the infinite elementsoftware Simufact forming is used to simulate the process ofself -piercing riveting.The influences of the three technological parameters which are the depth of the die, the die projection height and the punch speed on thehalf -hollow rivets forming aremainly researched, theeffect trend of the parameters on the geomet-ric characteristics is also studied, thus it would offer some beneficial reference for further process optimization of half-hollow rivets parameters.

  15. 运用“刺破公司面纱原则”引入仲裁第三人的正当性分析%Analysis on Legitimacy of Introducing the Third Person of Arbitration with "Piercing the Corporate Veil Principle"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄潇筱

    2012-01-01

    Taking the "piercing the corporate veil case" as an example,the article points out the rationality and necessity of the existence of the third person of the arbitration.That is on one hand,it does not violate the principle of autonomy principle of arbitration,but realizes the autonomy under the narrow conditions of party autonomy and is the value targets to arbitration.On the other hand,our laws cannot provide effective alternative measures outside the third person of the arbitration at present.%文章以"刺破公司面纱"案件为例,阐述了仲裁第三人存在的合理性和必要性,即一方面其并不违背仲裁的意思自治原则,而是在对当事人意思自治限缩条件下对意思自治的真正实现,是仲裁的价值目标所向;另一方面目前我国的法律并不能在仲裁第三人之外提供有效的替代性措施。

  16. Memories pierce the heart: homoeroticism, Bollywood-style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raj Rao, R

    2000-01-01

    In this essay, I enjoy using Amitabh Bachchan, perennial idol of the Bollywood screen, as a point of departure for ruminations on the construction of male friendship and male love within both Indian cinema and its primarily male audience (which, in a sense, represents in turn Hindi culture at large). Using translations of songs from Amitabh's films interlaced with my own personal experiences, we see how homosexuality thrives in covert yet recognized places in Indian culture, and how subtler forms of homosexuality are actually engendered under the auspices of normative patriarchal culture. Songs were translated by the author in collaboration with Jia Das.

  17. Piercing the Vainshtein screen: Local constraints on modified gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Jiménez, Jose Beltrán; Velten, Hermano

    2015-01-01

    Modifications of gravity of the galileon type rely on the Vainshtein screening to pass solar system tests. Such a mechanism suppresses the fluctuations of the scalar field in the vicinity of localized sources, leaving the gravitons as the only mediators of gravitational interactions. We highlight that, in galileon 4 and 5 models and their shift-symmetric extensions, the inevitable presence of the scalar field gradient modifies the dynamics of the gravitons, leading to unscreened deviations from general relativity. The observational bounds on the gravitational slip parameter constrain the Horndeski-extensions of quartic and quintic galileons to the level of $10^{-5}$. The corresponding beyond-Horndeski models can also be constrained to the level of $10^{-2}$, by adding to the analysis the limits on the speed of gravitational waves coming from the observations of the orbital decay of the Hulse-Taylor pulsar.

  18. DCS Survey Submission for Unincorporated Pierce County, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Survey data includes spatial datasets and data tables necessary to digitally represent data collected in the survey phase of the study. (Source: FEMA Guidelines and...

  19. The Road Inventory of Pierce National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — To determine the relative needs of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) was asked to inventory all public access and...

  20. IC 630: Piercing the Veil of the Nuclear Gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durré, Mark; Mould, Jeremy; Schartmann, Marc; Ashraf Uddin, Syed; Cotter, Garrett

    2017-04-01

    IC 630 is a nearby early-type galaxy with a mass of 6× {10}10 M ⊙ with an intense burst of recent (6 Myr) star formation (SF). It shows strong nebular emission lines, with radio and X-ray emission, which classifies it as an active galactic nucleus (AGN). With VLT-SINFONI and Gemini North-NIFS adaptive optics observations (plus supplementary ANU 2.3 m WiFeS optical IFU observations), the excitation diagnostics of the nebular emission species show no sign of standard AGN engine excitation; the stellar velocity dispersion also indicates that a supermassive black hole (if one is present) is small ({M}\\bullet =2.25× {10}5 {M}⊙ ). The luminosity at all wavelengths is consistent with SF at a rate of about 1-2 M ⊙ yr-1. We measure gas outflows driven by SF at a rate of 0.18 M ⊙ yr-1 in a face-on truncated cone geometry. We also observe a nuclear cluster or disk and other clusters. Photoionization from young, hot stars is the main excitation mechanism for [Fe ii] and hydrogen, whereas shocks are responsible for the H2 excitation. Our observations are broadly comparable with simulations where a Toomre-unstable, self-gravitating gas disk triggers a burst of SF, peaking after about 30 Myr and possibly cycling with a period of about 200 Myr.

  1. Agreement Between Franklin Pierce College and Rindge Faculty Federation (AFT).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franklyn Pierce Coll., Rindge, NH.

    This agreement was made on October 15, 1974 and is effective until September 1, 1975. Articles of the agreement cover: board-federation relationships; academic freedom; library collection; management rights; jury duty; union leave; temporary department chairman; teaching loads; faculty evaluation; grievance procedures; faculty appointment and…

  2. Acidente com material perfurocortante entre profissionais de enfermagem de um hospital universitário Accidente con material corto-punzante entre profesionales de enfermería de un hospital universitario Accidents with cutting and piercing materials among nursing professionals at a university hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talita Rodrigues da Silva

    2010-12-01

    accidentes que tuvieron como paciente-fuente a portadores de Síndrome de la Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida/ Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia Humana, hepatitis B y C. Lo hallazgos demostraron que todavía persiste un grado significativo de desconocimiento o banalización de los accidentes entre profesionales de la salud.The occupational hazards to which nursing professionals are subject while performing their duties are considerable. Hence, this study aimed at analyzing accidents with cutting and piercing instruments involving the nursing team of a university hospital from 2002 to 2006 in order to understand the context in which they occurred. The use of such information can be a prevention tool. This is a descriptive, retrospective, quantitative and qualitative study. Descriptive statistics was used for quantitative analysis and the collective subject discourse was utilized for qualitative observation. By using report forms from the hospital's Epidemiological Surveillance Center, it was possible to identify that type of accident in the studied period. Interviews were targeted at accident victims who had patients with the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/ the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Hepatitis B and C as source patients. The findings showed that a significant lack of knowledge and the banalization of accidents still persist among health care professionals.

  3. Riscos de contaminação ocasionados por acidentes de trabalho com material pérfuro-cortante entre trabalhadores de enfermagem Riesgos de contaminación ocasionados por accidentes de trabajo con material corto-punzante en trabajadores de enfermeria Contamination risks caused by occupational accidents with cutting and piercing material among nursing workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Helena Palucci Marziale

    2004-02-01

    virus HBV, HCV o HIV, además se observó que solamente 23,33% de los trabajadores comparecieron a todos los controles programados para la verificación de una posible suero-conversión. En relación con las conductas tomadas con relación al accidente se indicó el uso de la quimioprofilaxia en 76.67% de los casos, exámenes serológicos en 100% de los casos e inmunización para Hepatitis en solamente 9.99% de los casos. Debido a la gran ocurrencia de accidentes percutáneos según estimativas oficiales de otros países, concluimos que una mayor atención debe ser dada a la prevención de accidentes así como también al rigor del seguimiento después de la exposición ocupacional.This study aimed to identify, among nursing workers from four hospitals in the region of Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil, victims of occupational accidents with cutting and piercing material, who were sent for evaluation at a service specialized in treating infectious diseases, individuals who were contaminated and the conduct adopted as a result of the accidents. This is a descriptive field research. The sample consisted of 30 subjects and data were collected by consulting the workers' medical files. The results showed that none of the workers had been contaminated by HBV, HCV or HIV. However, it was observed that only 23.33% of them had kept all the scheduled appointments in order to verify a possible serum conversion. Concerning the conducts adopted as a result of the accident, the use of chemoprophylaxis was recommended in 76.67% of the cases, serological tests in 100% and immunization against Hepatitis in 9.99%. Due to the high occurrence of percutaneous accidents, according to official estimates from other countries, it was concluded that more attention must be given to the prevention of these accidents, as well as to the strict follow-up of workers after occupational exposure.

  4. Virtual Orthogonal Experiment Study on Needle Piercing Extrusion Process of Inconel690 Alloy Large-Diameter Thick-Walled Tube%基于虚拟正交试验的Inconel690合金大口径厚壁管挤压工艺仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张保军; 杨合; 郭良刚; 谷瑞杰; 寇永乐

    2013-01-01

    It is an important issue for the optimization design and refined control of extrusion process of large-diameter hard wrought alloy profiles to reveal the effects of forming parameters on the process and to determine the reasonable range of each forming parameter. And it's also significant for the R&D, debugging and application of the large tonnage (such as 200 MN) extrusion press. Therefore, we developed an applicable and reliable FE model for the needle piercing extrusion process for Inconel690 alloy large-diameter thick-walled tube (Φ420 mm×60 mm) under the DEFORM-2D software environment. And the effects of forming parameters (i.e. extruding ratio A, die taper angle a, sizing belt length h, billet initial temperature T and ram speed v) on the peak temperature of billet Tmax, the peak damage of billet Dmax, the uniformity of flow rate at die export Fsdv and the peak extrusion load Lmax were investigated using virtual orthogonal experiment based on the developed FE model. The results show that the order of forming parameters' significance to rmax, Dmax, Fsdv and Lmax are T>v>λ>h>a, a>v≈λ>T>h, h>v>T>α>λ, and λ>T>α>v>h, respectively. Comprehensively considering the quality of the extruded tube and the extrusion load, we pointed out that the reasonable ranges of forming parameters are as follows: λ=5.74~6.37, λ=35°~45°, h=60~120 mm, T=1080~1180 ℃, and v=150~250 mm/s.%研究挤压成形参数影响规律并确定合理的参数取值范围,是开发难变形合金大型型材挤压工艺技术和挤压过程精细化控制,以及大吨位(如2万吨)挤压机的研发、调试及应用迫切需要开展的重要内容.基于DEFORM-2D平台,以规格为Φ420 mm×60mm的难变形Inconel690合金管材穿孔针挤压为研究对象,建立了适用、可靠的无缝管材穿孔L针挤压过程的有限元仿真模型;选取挤压比λ、模角α、定径带长度h、坯料初始温度T、挤压速度v等重要成形参数为影响因素,以坯料

  5. Pierce Groups of Exchange Rings%置换环的Pierce群

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈焕艮

    2009-01-01

    环R的理想P称为Pierce理想,如果R/p是R的Pierce茎.令Pier(R):{P | P是R的Pierce理想}.可证Pier(R)是拓扑空间.若R是幂等元中心的置换环,则Ko(R)≌{f:Pier(R)→Z|f,是连续的).

  6. H08955: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Vicinity of Fort Pierce Inlet, Florida, 1967-07-12

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  7. H08953: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Vicinity of Fort Pierce Inlet, Florida, 1967-07-30

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  8. Surface-micromachined 1MHz oscillator with low-noise Pierce configuration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roessig, T.A.; Howe, R.T.; Pisano, A.P. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Smith, J.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1998-06-01

    A prototype high frequency tuning fork oscillator has been fabricated and tested in an integrated surface micromachining technology. The amplifier circuitry uses a capacitive current detection method, which offers superior noise performance over previous resistive methods. The prototype device has an output frequency of 1.022 MHz and exhibits a noise floor of {minus}88 dBc/Hz at a distance of 500 Hz from the carrier. The dominant source of frequency instability is the nonlinearity introduced by the use of parallel plate actuation.

  9. Methods for Controlling the Sideforce on Surface-Piercing Hydrofoil Struts

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-07-01

    When Dos Enfred) UNCLASIFIED ..LAIVIlITY CLASSIFICATION OF TMIS PAGE(Whon bae Entered)- -xigificantly- improved, strut-- wesitance -to. ventilation...Office of thie David W. Taylor Naval Ship R& D Center is considering the design of a large, ocean-going hydrofoil ship (HOC) with the following...length 5 - 7 m max turn rate 5 - 6 deg/s (c.f. PHM, TUCUMdCARI, 8 deg/s, 12 deg/s, respectively) design -speed 50 knots It is envisioned that turns will

  10. The Interplay Between International Law And Labour Law In South Africa: Piercing The Diplomatic Immunity Veil

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ezette Gericke

    2014-01-01

    .... The overriding effect of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 as supreme law to protect the labour rights of employees is weighed against the effect of various binding international...

  11. Surface-water quality assessment of the Clover Creek basin, Pierce County, Washington, 1991-1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, K.A.

    1996-01-01

    Increasing urbanization in the 67-square-mile Clover Creek Basin has generated interest in the effects of land-use changes on local water quality. To investigate these effects, water-quality and streamflow data were collected from 19 surface-water sites in the basin over a 16-month period from January 1991 through April 1992. These data were used to understand the effects of surficial geology, land-use practices, and wastewater disposal practices on surface-water quality within the basin. The basin was divided into four drainage subbasins with dissimilar hydrogeologic, land-use, and water-quality characteristics. In the Upper Clover Creek subbasin, the high permeability of surficial geologic materials promotes infiltration of precipitation to ground water and thus attenuates the response of streams to rainfall. Significant interaction occurs between surface and ground water in this subbasin, and nitrate concentrations and specific conductance values, similar to those found historically in local ground water, indicate that sources such as subsurface waste-disposal systems and fertilizers are affecting surface- water quality in this area. In the Spanaway subbasin, the presence of Spanaway and Tule Lakes affects water quality, primarily because of the reduced velocity and long residence time of water in the lakes. Reduced water velocity and long residence times (1) cause settling of suspended materials, thereby reducing concentrations of suspended sediment and constituents that are bound to the sediment; (2) promote biological activity, which tends to trap nutrients in the lakes; and (3) allow dispersion to attenuate peaks in discharge and water-quality constituent concentrations. In the North Fork subbasin, the low permeability of surficial geologic materials and areas of intensive land development inhibit infiltration of precipitation and thus promote surface runoff to streams. Surface pathways provide little attenuation of storm runoff and result in rapid increases in stream discharge in response to rainfall. Substantial increases in concentrations of constituents associated with surface wash off, for example, suspended sediment, ammonia, phosphorus, and fecal coliform, also were observed in this subbasin during rainfall. In the Lower Clover Creek subbasin, which is the most downstream subbasin, stream-discharge and water-quality characteristics show the integrated effects of the entire basin. The data show that further characterization of local ground water and discharge from stormwater outfalls entering Clover Creek and its tributaries would be necessary to successfully apply a numerical water-quality model to the basin.

  12. Collection Development Policy. Media Retrieval Services--Pierce Library. Learning Resources. 1981 Rev.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawin, Philip, Jr., Ed.

    Policies for the selection, acquisition, and weeding of library materials, based on collection needs stated by academic departments and staff inputs, are listed for a university learning resource center. An alphabetical index is provided of major subject areas and subdivisions, which are assigned one of four level designators indicating the depth…

  13. Ballistic Performance of Coconut Shell Powder/Twaron Fabricagainst Non-armour Piercing Projectiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.S. Risby

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Body armour technologists over the years are seeking to develop protective systems whichare both effective and lightweight. However these hard armour materials are very expensive andhave certain weight constraints. From this point of view, natural fibres and fillers have attractedthe attention of researchers due to their low density with high specific strengths, abundance,availability, renewability and being environmental-friendly. This paper reports the potential useof coconut shell powder-epoxy composite (COEX panel bonded with Twaron CT716 fabric asa hard armour material and the characteristics of its fracture imprints from a specific threat levelwhen subjected to ballistic tests1 (NIJ Standard 0108.01. It was observed that the imprint patternson the particulate composite (COEX could be identified according to effectiveness in impactenergy dissipation. COEX/Twaron test panel was found to withstand impact equivalent to NIJLevel IIIA using 9 mm FMJ ammunition but perforated at NIJ Level III of 7.62 mm FMJ bulletimpacts. Test results showed that COEX panel do possess shock absorbance characteristics andcan be utilised as  an armour component in the hard-body armour system. Dependency onTwaron fabric layers as ballistic reinforcements has been reduced up to 3-time with 170 per centimprovement on energy-absorption capabilities when using COEX composite as the frontalcomponent of the armour.

  14. 2004 Puget Sound Lidar Consortium (PSLC) Topographic Bare-Earth Lidar: Pierce County, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Terrapoint surveyed and created this data for the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium under contract. The project area covers approximately 814 square miles of western...

  15. Piercing the Fog: Intelligence and Army Air Forces Operations in World War 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    situation prompted by the AAF’s subsidiary position within the Army and by the limited understanding of the new art of air warfare. Improvements in that...character. No doctrine is sacro - sanct, and of all military doctrines that of our Air Corps should be the last to be so regarded.”” General Arnold became...an art that demanded great skill in assessing photographs and an ability to reason and deduce facts from images. The presence of camouflage indicated

  16. DCS Terrain Submission for White River-Pierce County, WA PMR

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix M: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  17. Non-covalent Monolayer-Piercing Anchoring of Lipophilic Nucleic Acids : Preparation, Characterization, and Sensing Applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kwiat, Moria; Elnathan, Roey; Kwak, Minseok; de Vries, Jan; Pevzner, Alexander; Engel, Yoni; Burstein, Larisa; Khatchtourints, Artium; Lichtenstein, Amir; Flaxer, Eli; Herrmann, Andreas; Patolsky, Fernando

    2012-01-01

    Functional interfaces of biomolecules and inorganic substrates like semiconductor materials are of utmost importance for the development of highly sensitive biosensors and microarray technology. However, there is still a lot of room for improving the techniques for immobilization of biomolecules, in

  18. Tätoveerimine ja piercing : seitse uut märksõna / Evelin Kivimaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimaa, Evelin, 1974-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia graafika magistrantidele on valikaineks tätoveerimine. Erinevatest kehakaunistamisviisidest. Tartu Ülikooli kuut sammast kujutavast vesitätoveeringust, kommenteerib Alo Lõhmus

  19. 78 FR 32131 - Revision to the Washington State Implementation Plan; Tacoma-Pierce County Nonattainment Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ... Ozone and Particulate Matter NAAQS and Regional Haze Regulations'' (hereafter ``emissions inventory... analysis, also called receptor modeling or source apportionment, is a method of using chemical signatures...: 0 a. In paragraph (c) Table 4 by revising entries 13.01 through 13.05, adding in numerical...

  20. H08958: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Vicinity of Fort Pierce Inlet, Florida, 1967-10-10

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  1. 76 FR 23708 - Safety Zone; Pierce County Department of Emergency Management Regional Water Exercise, East...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-28

    ... Management Regional Water Exercise, East Passage, Tacoma, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary... of Emergency Management is sponsoring a Regional Water Rescue Exercise in the waters of East Passage..., Washington for a Regional Water Rescue Exercise near Browns Point. A safety zone is necessary to ensure...

  2. DIGITAL FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP DATABASE, PIERCE COUNTY, GEORGIA AND INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Digital Flood Insurance Rate Map (DFIRM) Database depicts flood risk information and supporting data used to develop the risk data. The primary risk...

  3. Piercing the Bubble: How Management Students Can Confront Poverty in Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenbloom, Al; Cortes, Juan Alejandro

    2008-01-01

    This article describes the current relationship between management education in Colombia and the efforts of the management program at Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana (UPB) in Medellin to reduce local poverty. The article uses the metaphor of "the bubble" to illustrate how social class, family socialization, and the current UPB…

  4. H08959: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Vicinity of Fort Pierce Inlet, Florida, 1967-10-09

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  5. H08957: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Vicinity of Fort Pierce Inlet, Florida, 1967-09-28

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  6. H08956: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Vicinity of Fort Pierce Inlet, Florida, 1967-08-14

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  7. Equatorial geodesics of dyonic Kerr-Newman black hole pierced by a cosmic string

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharif, M.; Iftikhar, Sehrish

    2016-12-01

    This paper is devoted to study the circular geodesics of the dyonic Kerr-Newman black hole with a cosmic string passing through it. We investigate circular geodesics of null and timelike particle. In this context, we find the circular photon orbit as well as the innermost stable circular orbit. The angular velocity and time period for the timelike particle are calculated. The effect of electric and magnetic charge as well as of the cosmic string parameter on the effective potential is analyzed numerically. Finally, we discuss the role of these parameters on the energy extraction by the Penrose process. We conclude that the string parameter does not affect the gain energy of the particle but it decreases with respect to charge.

  8. X-ray astronomy in the Uhuru epoch and beyond /Newton Lacy Pierce Prize Lecture/

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellogg, E. M.

    1975-01-01

    A review of results from the Uhuru satellite is presented. An intensive treatment of two subjects is given, rather than a broad review. First, Cyg X-1, a stellar X-ray source and a candidate for a black hole, is discussed; second, the X-ray source in the Perseus cluster of galaxies, which may be a cloud of hot intergalactic gas, is treated. In both cases, the train of logic used in establishing the nature of these objects is presented and evaluated. For both, while alternative explanations cannot be completely eliminated, they become more difficult to sustain when examined in detail, suggesting that the candidate explanations are more likely correct.

  9. An Education that Pierces What the Knife Cannot: A Student Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammer, Rachel R.

    2010-01-01

    If personalized medicine is the way of the future, and the physician's approach to each patient becomes more individualized and team-based, so must the professors' approach to the medical student experience. Mayo Medical School has an innovative curriculum designed to respect and enhance the individual interests of its students. A former educator…

  10. Teacher Candidate Fashion, Tattoos, and Piercings: Finding Balance and Common Sense

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colbert, Ron

    2008-01-01

    The season of new buds and blossoms also signals fashion changes in the college classroom. Shorts, short skirts, tees, muscle tops, underwear exposed by low-rise pants, hospital scrubs, and flip-flops appear. With the advent of warm weather, women's clothing style can be tight and/or revealing. Jewelry and accessories become more visible. Today,…

  11. Continuum psicofísico: uma abordagem baseada no pensamento de Charles S. Pierce

    OpenAIRE

    Pires, Jorge Luiz Vargas Prudêncio de Barros [UNESP

    2002-01-01

    O presente trabalho propõe uma discussão a respeito da fisiologia do músculo esquelético humano como um processo de caráter sígnico. Trata-se de uma abordagem interdisciplinar para se estudar as relações biológicas baseada no pensamento de Charles S. Peirce. Diferente das aproximações mecanicistas e reducionistas, que entendem o ser vivo como uma máquina cartesiana, a tendência semiótica busca uma abordagem mais ampla sobre as fundações da biologia, liberando o pensamento e lançando nova luz ...

  12. Microtextural aspects of the chemical corrosion in Pierce-Smith converters (PSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verdeja González, L. F.

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Microtextural studies are often the basis for projects proposing improvements in the quality of refractory coatings that come into contact with aggressive molten material. The material used for this analysis either comes from laboratory-level corrosion tests or from furnace walls and linings that have come to the end of their working cycle. This article aims to evaluate the reach of the chemical wear mechanism with a microtextural study of samples that have been in industrial use. However, other wear mechanisms should be taken into consideration; acting in parallel they can be even more important quantitatively than the chemical wear itself which results from the microtextural analysis of the samples.

    Los estudios microestructurales han estado frecuentemente en la base de proyectos orientados a la mejora en la calidad de los revestimientos refractarios destinados a estar en contacto con metales fundidos. Los materiales empleados en este trabajo proceden de las paredes de hornos que están en la fase final de su vida útil. El trabajo intenta asociar el mecanismo de corrosión química existente con las modificaciones microestructurales encontradas en piezas utilizadas en planta. No obstante, debería considerarse que existen otros mecanismos de corrosión, que actuando en conjunción con los arriba descritos podrían ser más relevantes desde el punto de vista cuantitativo que la corrosión química detectada en los análisis micorestructurales de las muestras.

  13. Arte e pensamento : um triangulo metafisico entre De Chirico, Bergson e Pierce

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo Adriano Franscichetti Dantas

    2004-01-01

    Resumo: A presente pesquisa procura, num nível geral, a aproximação entre arte e pensamento, a partir das faces intuitiva e racional mostradas pela pintura metafísica de Giorgio de Chirico e através da metafísica pertinente às filosofias de Henri Bergson e Charles Sanders Peirce. Em um nível específico e baseado no anterior, procuramos situar nossa percepção da metafísica enquanto realidade fundamental na criação artística em seu vínculo com uma cosmovisão que busca privilegiar o ser humano i...

  14. Piercing the water surface with a blade: Singularities of the contact line

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alimov, Mars M. [Kazan Federal University, Kazan 420008 (Russian Federation); Kornev, Konstantin G. [Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 (United States)

    2016-01-15

    An external meniscus on a narrow blade with a slit-like cross section is studied using the hodograph formulation of the Laplace nonlinear equation of capillarity. On narrow blades, the menisci are mostly shaped by the wetting and capillary forces; gravity plays a secondary role. To describe a meniscus in this asymptotic case, the model of Alimov and Kornev [“Meniscus on a shaped fibre: Singularities and hodograph formulation,” Proc. R. Soc. A 470, 20140113 (2014)] has been employed. It is shown that at the sharp edges of the blade, the contact line makes a jump. In the wetting case, the contact line sitting at each side of the blade is lifted above the points where the meniscus first meets the blade edges. In the non-wetting case, the contact line is lowered below these points. The contours of the constant height emanating from the blade edges generate unusual singularities with infinite curvatures at some points at the blade edges. The meniscus forms a unique surface made of two mirror-symmetric sheets fused together. Each sheet is supported by the contact line sitting at each side of the blade.

  15. the doctrine of piercing the corporate veil: its legal and judicial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    eliasn

    Shareholders who employ the company's name through which to contract with ..... resulting from the payment of the purchase price by the customer.74. These are ...... 122 Mosvold (Ethiopia) Ltd. V. The Inland Revenue Department (Tax appeal.

  16. Induced plant resistance as a pest management tactic on piercing sucking insects of sesame crop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. F. Mahmoud

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Sesame, Sesamum indicum L. is the most oil seed crop of the world and also a major oil seed crop of Egypt. One of the major constraints in its production the damage caused by insect pests, particularly sucking insects which suck the cell sap from leaves, flowers and capsules. Impact of three levels of potassin-F, salicylic acid and combination between them on reduction infestation of Stink bug Nezara viridula L., Mirid bug Creontiades sp., Green peach aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer, Leafhopper Empoasca lybica de Berg and Whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius of sesame crop cultivar Shandawil 3 was carried out during 2010-2011 crop season at Experimental farm, Faculty of Agriculture, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt. Also, the impacts of potassin-F and salicylic acid on yield production of sesame were studied. Results indicated that percent of reduction of infestation by N. viridula, M. persicae, Creontiades sp., E. lybicae, B. tabaci and phyllody disease were significantly higher at Level 2 (Potassin-F= 2.5 cm/l, Salicylic acid= 0.001 M and Potassin + Salicylic= 2.5 cm/l + 0.001 M and consequently higher seed yield per plant were obtained.

  17. Transmission of fast neutrons along cylindrical air-filled ducts pierced in ilmenite concrete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Megahid, R.M.; Bashter, I.I.

    1980-01-01

    The variation of flux of fast neutrons along air filled ducts passing through ilmenite concrete of density 4.6 gm. cm/sup -3/ was measured. Ducts of diameter 2.9, 5.8 and 10 cm were used. Measurements were carried out at different distances (up to 120 cm) along the duct axis. The source of neutrons was a collimated beam of reactor neutrons emitted from one of the horizontal channels of ET-RR-1 reactor. All measurements were performed using phosphorus activation detectors. The data obtained show the dependence of flux values on duct length and diameter.

  18. Cultural Resources Investigation of Eau Galle Reservoir, Pierce and St. Croix Counties, Wisconsin,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-01

    Springfield, Ill. July 19-21. McAndrews, John 1969 Paleobotany of a wild rice lake in Minnesota. Canadian " Journal of Botany 47(11):671-679. Merritt...1973- Taught internship students from Macalester College and Ham- 1975 line University, while employed at The Science Museum of Minnesota. 1977 Taught

  19. The Interplay Between International Law And Labour Law In South Africa: Piercing The Diplomatic Immunity Veil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezette Gericke

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the interplay between labour law and international law in the context of the diplomatic employment relationship. The overriding effect of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 as supreme law to protect the labour rights of employees is weighed against the effect of various binding international legal instruments aimed at protecting diplomats' right to immunity. In view of the competing rights of employees and diplomatic employers, the question in this regard is to what extent employees in a diplomatic employment relationship can rely on their right to "fair labour practices" in the broad sense and the overall protection afforded to employees whose rights are infringed. In view of the perception that diplomatic employers can hide behind a veil of diplomatic immunity and in the absence of judgments by the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA and the Labour Court, answers and guidelines were sought from various international courts and legal instruments. However, it is pointed out that the application of labour law and international law to protect the interests of individuals against a state is an exceptionally sensitive and controversial issue. It is suggested that the international relationship between two states be used as a holistic framework, but it is cautioned that international law limits the diplomat employer's liability both in terms of the Bill of Rights and South African labour laws. The author shows that protection is afforded to diplomats/consular agents by international law. Moreover, the Diplomatic Immunities and Privileges Act (DIPA of 2001 is discussed. It is submitted that employees are not prevented from taking legal action against a diplomat/consular employer in South Africa in terms of the Labour Relations Act (LRA or the DIPA. The author suggests that diplomatic employees and employers should be made aware of their rights and obligations in this regard. In essence what really matters to any labour lawyer is how it can be justified that a group of vulnerable employees (diplomatic employees is left without a remedy while the employer as the stronger bargaining party is protected in terms of international law. The author submits that employees should have access to compulsory private arbitration in terms of an amendment to the DIPA or in terms of a treaty. This must bind a diplomat/consular employer from South Africa (as the sending state in a foreign state, and a foreign diplomat/consular employer in South Africa (as the receiving state to protect employees. It is suggested that such a provision should be included in diplomatic contracts of employment after ratification of a treaty, even before it is enacted into relevant laws in South Africa. In view of the sensitivity and international consequences of labour disputes for states, it is suggested that private arbitration could serve as a useful dispute resolution procedure and an acceptable alternative to the general options available in terms of the CCMA, the labour court and the high court. It is suggested that the full protection of diplomatic employees' labour rights cannot be based on the status of their employers. Finally the author argues that lifting the veil of diplomatic immunity could provide a satisfactory interplay between labour law and international law to support the interests and rights of both parties to the diplomatic employment relationship.

  20. Fragmentation of armor piercing steel projectiles upon oblique perforation of steel plates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aizik F.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a constitutive strength and failure model for a steel core of a14.5 mm API projectile was developed. Dynamic response of a projectile steel core was described by the Johnson-Cook constitutive model combined with principal tensile stress spall model. In order to obtain the parameters required for numerical description of projectile core material behavior, a series of planar impact experiments was done. The parameters of the Johnson-Cook constitutive model were extracted by matching simulated and experimental velocity profiles of planar impact. A series of oblique ballistic experiments with x-ray monitoring was carried out to study the effect of obliquity angle and armor steel plate thickness on shattering behavior of the 14.5 mm API projectile. According to analysis of x-ray images the fragmentation level increases with both steel plate thickness and angle of inclination. The numerical modeling of the ballistic experiments was done using commercial finite element code, LS-DYNA. Dynamic response of high hardness (HH armor steel was described using a modified Johnson-Cook strength and failure model. A series of simulations with various values of maximal principal tensile stress was run in order to capture the overall fracture behavior of the projectile’s core. Reasonable agreement between simulated and x-ray failure pattern of projectile core has been observed.

  1. Geologic Map of the Poverty Bay 7.5' quadrangle, King and Pierce counties, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booth, Derek B.; Waldron, H.H.; Troost, K.G.

    2004-01-01

    The Poverty Bay quadrangle lies near the center of the region?s intensively developing urban core. Less than 20 km north lies the city of Seattle; downtown Tacoma lies just southwest of the quadrangle. The map area expresses much of the tremendous range of Quaternary environments and deposits found throughout the central Puget Lowland. Much of the ground surface is mantled by a rolling surface of glacial till deposited during the last occupation of the Puget Lowland by a great continental ice sheet about 14,000 years ago. A complex sequence of older unconsolidated sediments extends far below sea level across most of the quadrangle, with no bedrock exposures at all.

  2. Accident Locations, Centerlines with address ranges, Published in 2014, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Pierce County Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Accident Locations dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2014. It is described as...

  3. Piercing the Fog and Information Superiority before the Information Age: The American Use of Information in War, 1776

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-07

    AY09-10 ’ /1-l? ;{9e;,) ()IN ~WN ;,J Oral Defense Committee ~®1! ~~~.&~:.._____:::~~~::::::==+=======::f.~~t · Approved: --~;;;..-hr:trb...the possession of the Mercantile Library Association, of New York City. New York: Privately printed for the Association, 1861. Eelking, Max von. The

  4. ACCIDENT WITH MATERIALS PIERCING AND BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE HOSPITAL: ANALYSIS OF RISK EXPOSURE AND PREVENTIVE MEASURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Antunes Cortez

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: identificar os riscos ocupacionais dos profissionais de enfermagem no ambiente hospitalar, pontuar as causas de acidentes com materiais perfurocortantes e biológicos entre os profissionais de enfermagem no ambiente hospitalar, e descrever medidas preventivas a serem adotadas pelos enfermeiros do trabalho, de modo a reduzir tais acidentes na referida categoria profissional. Método: estudo exploratório descritivo, qualitativo, através de revisão sistemática de literatura nas bases Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS e Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SCIELO. Após a coleta de dados, foram selecionadas 11 bibliografias potenciais. Realizou-se uma leitura interpretativa e análise temática, das quais emergiram três categorias: riscos ocupacionais entre os profissionais de enfermagem que atuam em ambiente hospitalar; causas de acidentes com materiais perfurocortantes e biológicos em ambiente hospitalar; e medidas preventivas para acidentes com materiais perfurocortantes e biológicos em ambiente hospitalar: atuação do enfermeiro do trabalho. Resultados: identificou-se como riscos ocupacionais o reencapar/manipular agulhas ou cateteres intravenosos e o local de descarte, riscos físicos, químicos, biológicos e riscos específicos da atividade laboral. Conclusão: as medidas preventivas devem ser realizadas com base nos riscos e nas causas dos acidentes, tendo a educação permanente um papel relevante neste processo.

  5. Address Points, COGO Parcels, Published in 2019, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Pierce County Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Address Points dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2019. It is described as...

  6. Hydrographs Showing Groundwater Level Changes for Selected Wells in the Chambers-Clover Creek Watershed and Vicinity, Pierce County, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Justin, G.B.; Julich, R.; Payne, K.L.

    2009-01-01

    Selected groundwater level hydrographs for the Chambers-Clover Creek watershed (CCCW) and vicinity, Washington, are presented in an interactive web-based map to illustrate changes in groundwater levels in and near the CCCW on a monthly and seasonal basis. Hydrographs are linked to points corresponding to the well location on an interactive map of the study area. Groundwater level data and well information from Federal, State, and local agencies were obtained from the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Information System (NWIS), Groundwater Site Inventory (GWSI) System.

  7. Quality of water in the White River and Lake Tapps, Pierce County, Washington, May-December 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Embrey, S.S.; Wagner, R.J.; Huffman, R.L.; Vanderpool-Kimura, A. M.; Foreman, J.R.

    2012-01-01

    The White River and Lake Tapps are part of a hydropower system completed in 1911–12. The system begins with a diversion dam on the White River that routes a portion of White River water into the southeastern end of Lake Tapps, which functioned as a storage reservoir for power generation. The stored water passed through the hydroelectric facilities at the northwestern end of the lake and returned to the White River through the powerhouse tailrace. Power generation ceased in January 2004, which altered the hydrology of the system by reducing volumes of water diverted out of the river, stored, and released through the powerhouse. This study conducted from May to December 2010 created a set of baseline data collected under a new flow regime for selected reaches of the White River, the White River Canal (Inflow), Lake Tapps Diversion (Tailrace) at the powerhouse, and Lake Tapps.

  8. Temperature Compensated Loading Curves for the 7.62 x 54R Armor Piercing Incendiary (API) Round

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-01

    43.23 Ambient Clean 6 13 98 160.24 40.88 100 Clean 7 1 33 160.54 40.88 32 8 4 23 162.64 45.57 32 CP2 63 161.54 43.23 Ambient Clean 9 9 54 160.60 40.88 32...2391.00 8 29.4 33.2 156.3 0.004945 2633.97 CP2 74.4 73.4 155.5 0.014844 872.97 9 29.9 34.6 155.2 0.005510 2347.25 CP3 73.6 77.9 155.2 0.005028 2572.26 10

  9. Cellular Phone Towers, Published in 2012, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Pierce County Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cellular Phone Towers dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2012. Data by this publisher are...

  10. Fatigue strength evaluation of self-piercing riveted cold rolled steel joints under mixed mode loading conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KYUNG-MIN LEE

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Fatigue strength of cross-shaped specimens of SPR joints made of SPCC was evaluated at load angles of 0°, 45°, and 90°. For the static strength at load angles of 0°, 45°, and 90°, the maximum loads were determined to be 4890N, 1969N, and 1611N, respectively. Regarding for the relationship between the load amplitude and the number of cycles (Nf, the results were Pamp = 2209.3N−f 0.014 , = 8610.8 −0.199 Pamp N f , and = 3459.3 −0.149 Pamp N f for the load angle of 0°, 45°, and 90°, respectively. On the basis of the lifetime of 106 cycles, the load amplitudes which correspond to the fatigue limit for load angles of 0°, 45°, and 90° were 38%, 28%, and 29% of the static strength, respectively. The effective stress intensity factor was not found to be appropriate in the evaluation of the fatigue lifetime due to the different fatigue fracture behavior of these specimens.

  11. Grape Cultivar and Sap Culture Conditions Affect the Development of Xylella fastidiosa Phenotypes Associated with Pierce's Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoch, Harvey C.; Burr, Thomas J.; Mowery, Patricia

    2016-01-01

    Xylella fastidiosa is a xylem-limited bacterium in plant hosts and causes Pierce’s disease (PD) of grapevines, which differ in susceptibility according to the Vitis species (spp.). In this work we compared X. fastidiosa biofilm formation and population dynamics when cultured in xylem saps from PD-susceptible and -resistant Vitis spp. under different conditions. Behaviors in a closed-culture system were compared to those in different sap-renewal cultures that would more closely mimic the physicochemical environment encountered in planta. Significant differences in biofilm formation and growth in saps from PD-susceptible and -resistant spp. were only observed using sap renewal culture. Compared to saps from susceptible V. vinifera, those from PD-resistant V. aestivalis supported lower titers of X. fastidiosa and less biofilm and V. champinii suppressed both growth and biofilm formation, behaviors which are correlated with disease susceptibility. Furthermore, in microfluidic chambers X. fastidiosa formed thick mature biofilm with three-dimensional (3-D) structures, such as pillars and mounds, in saps from all susceptible spp. In contrast, only small aggregates of various shapes were formed in saps from four out of five of the resistant spp.; sap from the resistant spp. V. mustangensis was an exception in that it also supported thick lawns of biofilm but not the above described 3-D structures typically seen in a mature biofilm from the susceptible saps. Our findings provide not only critical technical information for future bioassays, but also suggest further understanding of PD susceptibility. PMID:27508296

  12. What "Pierces the Eye and Revolts the Heart" : Boundaries of Obedience and Complexities in Moral Reasoning in the Israeli Military

    OpenAIRE

    Roded, Alona Dana

    2013-01-01

    The power of hierarchical institutions and figures of authority to influence individuals and command compliance has been the focus of considerable controversy. Yet unjust authority and undue power also stir dissent and social change. The military, especially, presents an institution in which authority, discipline, and obedience are central, alongside examples of conscientious objection and morally-driven disobedience. The current study examines Israeli soldiers' use of a variety of social con...

  13. On the Influence of Fracture Criterion on Perforation of High-Strength Steel Plates Subjected to Armour Piercing Projectile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tria Djalel Eddine

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Artykuł przedstawia numeryczne badania wpływu kryterium pekania materiału na perforacje płyt ze stali pancernej 30PM pociskiem przeciwpancernym 7,6251 mm. Dokonano oceny czterech modeli pekania materiałów plastycznych w celu wyboru najbardziej odpowiedniego z nich. W artykule wykorzystano zmodyfikowany model konstytutywny Johnsona-Cooka (MJC sprzezony z jednym czterech kryteriów pekania: kryterium MJC, kryterium Cockrofta-Lathama (CL, kryterium maksymalnego naprezenia stycznego i kryterium stałego granicznego odkształcenia. Zastosowano trójwymiarowy algorytm w opisie Lagrange’a, zawierajacy zarówno skonczone elementy jak i czastki, z automatyczna konwersja zniekształconych elementów w bezsiatkowe czastki. Wyniki symulacji numerycznej oceniono na postawie porównania z wynikami doswiadczen. Model pekania MJC, sformułowany w przestrzeni trójosiowosci naprezenia i równowaznego odkształcenia plastycznego, pozwolił przewidziec realistycznie obraz pekania materiału i wartosci predkosci resztkowych pocisków. Jednakze wyniki badan wykazały, ze równiez jednoparametrowy model CL, dla którego kalibracji wystarczy jeden prosty test materiałowy, daje porównywalne wyniki z kryterium MJC. Stwierdzono, ze kryterium maksymalnego naprezenia stycznego niepoprawnie opisuje proces tworzenia sie korka. Równiez kryterium stałej wartosci odkształcenia granicznego nie moze byc uzyte do scharakteryzowania procesu niszczenia materiału.

  14. Road and Street Centerlines, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, pierce county 911.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — , published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2008. Data by this publisher are often provided in The...

  15. Reference masses for precision mass spectrometry design and implementation of a Pierce geometry to the cluster Ion source at ISOLTRAP

    CERN Document Server

    Lommen, Jonathan

    At the mass spectrometer ISOLTRAP carbon clusters ($^{12}$Cn, 1$\\leqslant$n$\\leqslant$25) are provided as reference masses, which are of particular importance in higher mass ranges (m $\\geqslant$ 200u). In this mass range the measurlment uncertainty is increasingly dominated by the difference of the reference mass and the mass of the ion of interest. Using carbon clusters instead of the common $^{133}$Cs ions, this difference decreases. The carbon clusters are produced in a laser ion source which has been improved in the frame of this thesis. The fluctuations of the count rate have been investigated as a function of the laser energy. Furthermore, the energy density at the target has been increased by implementation of a telescope into the laser beam line, which leads to a more narrow energy distribution of the ions. Through the exact adjustment of timing and length of a pulsed cavity an energy range with constant count rate could be selected. In order to provide ideal starting conditions during and after the ...

  16. The 9-lipoxygenase Osr9-LOX1 interacts with the 13-lipoxygenase-mediated pathway to regulate resistance to chewing and piercing-sucking herbivores in rice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Guoxin; Ren, Nan; Qi, Jingfeng; Lu, Jing; Xiang, Caiyu; Ju, Hongping; Cheng, Jiaan; Lou, Yonggen

    2014-09-01

    Oxylipins produced by the 13-lipoxygenase (LOX) have been reported to play an important role in plant defense responses to herbivores. Yet, the role of oxylipins produced by the 9-LOX pathway in this process remains largely unknown. Here we cloned a gene encoding a chloroplast-localized 9-LOX, Osr9-LOX1, from rice. Transcriptional analysis revealed that herbivore infestation, mechanical wounding and jasmonic acid (JA) treatment either repressed or did not enhance the level of Osr9-LOX1 transcripts at early stages but did at later stages, whereas salicylic acid (SA) treatment quickly increased the transcript level of Osr9-LOX1. Antisense expression of Osr9-lox1 (as-r9lox1) decreased the amount of wound-induced (Z)-3-hexenal but increased levels of striped stem borer (SSB)-induced linolenic acid, JA, SA and trypsin protease inhibitors. These changes were associated with increased resistance in rice to the larvae of the SSB Chilo suppressalis. In contrast, although no significant differences were observed in the duration of the nymph stage or the number of eggs laid by female adults between the brown planthopper (BPH) Nilaparvata lugens that fed on as-r9lox1 lines and BPH that fed on wild-type (WT) rice plants, the survival rate of BPH nymphs that fed on as-r9lox1 lines was higher than that of nymphs that fed on WT plants, possibly because of a higher JA level. The results demonstrate that Osr9-LOX1 plays an important role in regulating an herbivore-induced JA burst and cross-talk between JA and SA, and in controlling resistance in rice to chewing and phloem-feeding herbivores.

  17. 穿孔机导盘润滑技术研究%Research of Lubricant Technic for Godet of Piercing mill

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆庆伟

    2004-01-01

    13Cr钢管在穿孔时的润滑技术和冷却技术与传统轧制工艺有所不同,对此问题进行研究,使其满足轧制13Cr钢钢管的新工艺要求,最终达到轧制高质量13Cr钢钢管的目的.

  18. 13Cr不锈钢毛管锥形穿孔生产工艺%On the Process of Cone Piercing of Stainless Steel Shell 13Cr

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢立锋; 王君国; 高瑞全

    2007-01-01

    叙述了利用锥形穿孔机生产13Cr不锈钢毛管生产中所遇到的工艺问题,在分析实物质量的基础上,摸索出合理的加热制度及穿孔工艺参数,制定并实施了提高轧制工具寿命的措施,找出了确保毛管质量和提高生产效率的方法.

  19. 13Cr不锈钢毛管锥形穿孔生产工艺%Cone Piercing Production Process of 13Cr Stainless Steel Shell

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢立锋; 王君国; 高瑞全

    2008-01-01

    介绍了利用锥形穿孔机生产13Cr不锈钢毛管生产中所遇到的工艺问题.在分析实物质量的基础上,摸索出合理的加热制度及穿孔工艺参数,制定并实施了提高轧制工具寿命的措施,确保毛管质量和生产效率的提高.

  20. Evaluation of Titanium-5Al-5Mo-5V-3Cr (Ti-5553) Alloy against Fragment and Armor-Piercing Projectiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    display a currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) September 2009 2...NO. OF NO. OF COPIES ORGANIZATION COPIES ORGANIZATION 30 1 INDUSTEEL USA LLC R GARVIN 139 MODERNA RD COATESVILLE PA 19320 1

  1. 框架双面冲孔浮动冲模设计%Design of Piercing Die for the Frame with Double-sided Floating Punches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊幼明

    2011-01-01

    针对加工中心加工框架零件上3组同轴孔成本高、效率低这一现象,为了降低成本、提高效率,故对工艺进行改良,最终确定为冲压加工,于是设计了一副双面冲孔浮动冲模。文中对零件工艺进行了分析,介绍了主要的设计计算,重点阐述了模具结构设计及其工作原理。此模具的投产节约了生产能源,降低了生产成本,提高了生产效率。%Considering the high cost and low efficiency during processing three sets of coaxial holes on the same frame parts and for a lower cost and higher efficiency, the processing is supposed to improve and stamping is the choice. This design is for a die with double-sided floating punches, which focuses on die design and working principle and gives analysis for the workmanship of parts processing as well as description of the main design calculations. Put into production, this die shall save energy, reduce costs and improve productivity.

  2. NOAA Office for Coastal Management Coastal Inundation Digital Elevation Model: Seattle (WA) WFO - Clallam, Jefferson, Kitsap, Mason, Pierce, and Thurston Counties

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This digital elevation model (DEM) is a part of a series of DEMs produced for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Office for Coastal Management's Sea...

  3. 粘接剂对自冲铆接头强度影响%Influence of Adhesive on Strength of Self-piercing Riveted Joints

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘福龙; 何晓聪; 邢保英; 王玉奇; 邓成江

    2014-01-01

    对Y2纯铝板单搭自冲铆接头、粘接接头与自冲铆-粘接复合接头分别进行拉伸剪切试验,研究粘接剂对单搭自冲铆接头强度和能量吸收能力的影响,并分析接头破坏模式和失效机理.结果表明:粘接剂的使用对单搭自冲铆接头强度有一定程度的提高作用,但是对能量吸收能力有一定程度的减弱作用.在自冲铆-粘接复合接头中,粘接剂对自冲铆接头的破坏模式无影响,铆接对粘接层的破坏模式也无影响.选用合适的粘接剂,单搭自冲铆-粘接复合接头的综合性能优于自冲铆接头和粘接接头.因此,自冲铆和粘接的组合可以获得良好的连接结构.

  4. 单搭自冲铆接头谐响应分析%Harmonic Response Analysis of Single Lap Self-piercing Riveted Joints

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董标; 何晓聪; 张文斌

    2010-01-01

    利用三维ANSYS有限元软件对单搭自冲铆接头建立了有限元模型,并对该模型进行模态分析以获得其自由振动时的固有频率,在模态分析的基础上进行了不同加载位置的谐响应分析,对比了同一加载位置时不同节点响应幅值的变化及不同加载位置时同一节点的响应幅值变化发现,由于节点所处位置不同及自冲铆接头的振型不同,其最大响应幅值发生在不同固有频率处;距离加载位置越近其响应幅值越大;节点响应幅值随距离固定端的距离增加而成增长趋势.

  5. Mechanism of mechanical properties of self-piercing riveted joints with multiple rivets%多铆钉自冲铆接头力学性能机理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢保英; 何晓聪; 王玉奇; 邓成江

    2015-01-01

    以3颗铆钉连接的5052铝合金自冲铆接头为对象,通过试验的方法研究多铆钉自冲铆接头力学性能机理.获得了m-o自冲铆接头(简称m-o接头)和m-i自冲铆接头(m-i接头)的静力学和疲劳试验数据,选择正态分布和二参数威布尔分布检验数据的有效性,通过最小二乘法获得疲劳寿命最佳拟合直线和疲劳载荷-疲劳寿命曲线二参数幂函数方程.结果表明:接头静态和疲劳失效形式分别为下板被拉出和下板断裂.铆钉分布结构对接头静强度、变形能力、能量吸收能力、疲劳寿命及它们的稳定性均有影响.m-i接头静力学性能良好,m-o接头整体具有良好的疲劳性能.疲劳测试中,铆钉分布结构会导致首要和次要承载顺序的产生,疲劳断口为首要承载顺序所在位置.

  6. 冲击式自穿孔铆接方法及其接头性能%Method of self-piercing riveting and properties of its joint

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪彬; 郝传勇; 张劲松; 张洪延

    2006-01-01

    采用一种新型的应用火药作为驱动力的铆接方法和试验设备.对影响该方法的主要因素如模具尺寸、铆钉硬度进行分析.用该设备铆接铝合金板形成的接头的拉剪强度、十字抗拉强度以及疲劳强度与点焊形成的接头进行比较.试验证明这种新型的自穿孔铆接接头比点焊接头有更好的力学性能.

  7. Study of technology of self-piercing riveting and improved approach%自冲铆接工艺的研究及改进措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓静; 李双义; 张连洪; 毕大森; 张健

    2005-01-01

    采用3种不同尺寸的半空心铆钉,对4种不同材质、不同厚度的板料进行了自冲铆接试验;提供了铆接过程中的力一行程试验曲线和铆接的单位成形力,并进行了分析;展示出铆接试验结果;在分析影响铆接质量的诸因素的基础上,对铆钉和凹模的设计提出了量化指标和改进方案.

  8. 无铆和自冲铆在汽车行业中的应用%Application research on clinching and self-piercing riveting in automotive industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贡泽飞; 焦孟旺; 卢晓薇; 王刚; 李贺; 杨洁

    2014-01-01

    采用不同厚度板材对自冲铆铆接和无铆钉铆接进行两种连接方法试验.通过拉伸试验测定接头抗剪强度,并结合接头失效形式、接头剖面形貌对铆接接头进行综合评价分析.结果表明:板材越厚,无铆和自冲铆接头失效过程中需要吸收更多能量,因而有更高的连接刚度和抗剪强度;无铆接头常见失效形式为上下板材拉脱失效;自冲铆接头常见失效形式为板材撕裂失效和铆钉腿部拉脱失效.

  9. 铝板件自冲铆接的实验分析%AN EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS ON THE ALUMINUM SHEET SELF-PIERCING RIVETING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永利; 佟铮

    2009-01-01

    本文介绍了一种新型的铝板件冲压连接技术,并根据实验结果阐述了自冲铆接的机理,分析了铆钉和模具结构对连接性能的影响,并对自冲铆接与圆点冲压连接的强度进行对比.此外,本文对这种新型连接技术的实际应用作了简要介绍.

  10. Numerical Simulation and Analysis of Flat Bottom Self-Pierce Riveting Process%平点自冲铆接过程的数值模拟分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩善灵; 高远; 贾友飞; 李志勇

    2014-01-01

    为研究平点自冲铆接过程,以两层厚度均为1mm的铝板AL-1100以及材质结构为合金结构钢DIN 14NiCr14的半空心铆钉为研究对象,借助于有限元分析软件Deform-2D进行数值模拟并得到强度合适的接头以及冲头载荷随位移变化的曲线;选取接头自锁量和底部最小厚度作为评价指标,研究了不同铆钉高度对接头的影响.结果表明:平点自冲铆接技术是可行的;铆钉腿部的变形是引起冲头载荷迅速增加的主要因素;随着铆钉高度的增加,两个评价指标的变化曲线几乎呈线性关系.

  11. Research status of self pierce riveting technology of magnesium alloy%镁合金自冲铆连接技术研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘庆军; 李丽春; 邱然锋; 石红信

    2015-01-01

    镁合金具有密度小、比强度高等优点,在汽车车身中的应用越来越受到重视,能实现汽车轻量化.自冲铆作为一种机械连接技术已被广泛用于汽车结构中的铝合金、异种材料的连接.然而,镁合金的自冲铆连接比较困难因为室温下镁滑移系少、延展成型性能差.为了抑制裂纹在镁合金自冲铆连接中生成、改善镁合金自冲铆连接接头性能,最近开发了激光辅助加热、原位感应加热镁合金自冲铆连接技术.主要介绍了辅助加热自冲铆连接工艺方法的提出背景、工艺特点以及所得到焊接接头的主要性能.

  12. Application of Self-piercing Riveting in Production of Chassis Cabinets%自冲铆接在机箱机柜生产中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付林霄; 尹东海; 黄莹瑛; 李亮

    2016-01-01

    简要介绍了机箱机柜生产中的传统铆接方式,对比分析了自冲铆接的技术特点及性能优势,重点阐述了自冲铆接技术在机箱机柜生产中的工艺设计原则和常用铆接参数,对目前存在的问题进行分析并给出了解决方法.

  13. 自冲铆接工艺参数权重分析%Analysis on Weighting of Self-Piercing Riveting Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘瑞军; 于胜武; 朱翠娟; 王永成

    2007-01-01

    针对自冲铆接工艺试验的特点,构建了铆接工艺方案的评价指标体系.应用层次分析法建立了影响铆接质量评价指标的权重矩阵,计算出相应权重值和综合重要度.通过对铆接试件的初步静拉力试验和疲劳试验,验证了计算权重值的正确性,为自冲铆接工艺试验方案的比选建立了理论基础.

  14. Introduction of Fatigue Strength in Self-piercing Riveting%自冲铆接疲劳强度的研究概况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈兴茂; 黄志超; 康少伟

    2008-01-01

    由于在铆接孔孔壁处有较多毛刺,导致在自冲连接中被冲孔的面上的裂纹较容易扩展,是疲劳失效的主要形式.自冲铆接疲劳裂纹的扩展是决定整个疲劳寿命的重要组成部分,特别是对于自冲铆接这样有冲孔缺陷的连接结构来说,裂纹扩展寿命更为重要.分析了影响自冲铆接疲劳强度的主要因素是材料的性能、铆接点的质量,并得到自冲铆接疲劳各个阶段变化机理.

  15. Finite Element Numerical Simulation of Self-Pierce Riveting%自冲铆接工艺过程的有限元数值模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘秀全; 张连洪; 李双义; 万淑敏; 刘卫京

    2006-01-01

    采用塑性有限元方法建立了自冲铆接有限元模型,对自冲铆接过程进行了数值模拟分析.探讨了铆接过程中半空心铆钉和板料的变形特点,以及凹模凸台高度对铆接效果的影响程度.模拟、试验结果表明,自冲铆接过程分为压紧、铆钉穿透板料、铆钉尾部张开和成型(墩锻)4个阶段;塑性变形主要集中在铆钉尾部与板料及模具与板料的接触部位;当凹模凸台较高时,自冲铆接的自锁性能和效果较好;模拟结果和试验结果吻合较好.

  16. Analysis on Quality of Self-piercing Riveting Connecting for Aluminous Sheets%铝板SPR连接质量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永利; 佟铮

    2008-01-01

    介绍了新型自冲铆接(SPR)铝板的连接过程,根据试验和数值模拟结果阐述了其连接机理,重点对这种新型连接技术的连接质量进行了分析,其连接强度主要由镶嵌值决定,影响镶嵌值大小的主要因素是铆钉尺寸和模具结构.

  17. 自冲铆接中微动的研究概况%Introduction of Fretting in Self-piercing Riveting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康少伟; 黄志超; 陈兴茂

    2008-01-01

    介绍了自冲铆接技术及自冲铆接,微动的破坏机制,在受到循环载荷的作用下,自冲铆接连接表面易产生微动磨损.可从结构、增加材料接触表面强度、降低摩擦系数和材料匹配等方面提高铆接材料的抗微动损伤能力,降低微动损伤.

  18. J. Clark Salyer Wetlands Management District (Bottineau, McHenry, Pierce, Renville and Rolette Counties): Narrative report: January-December 1970

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for J. Clark Salyer WMD outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1970 calendar year. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  19. The structure and musculature of male terminalia in the tribe Xanthorhoini Pierce and related tribes (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Larentiinae), with particular reference to the Palaearctic and Australian regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Olga

    2013-01-01

    The musculature of the male genitalia was reviewed for the tribe Xanthorhoini and related tribes (Lepidoptera, Geometridae, Larentiinae). The genitalia morphology of males of 11 species was discussed and illustrated, and nine paired and unpaired genital muscles identified. Muscles m1, m2(10), m5(7), m6(5), m7(6), m8(3) and m21 have similar position in all species considered in the paper. Comparative morphology of the male terminalia and position of extensors of the valvae m3(2) and flexors m4 confirmed the previously uncertain separation of Euphyiini and Scotopterygini. Cataclysmini share musculature characters with the tribe Xanthorhoini. The generic affiliation of Xanthorhoe biriviata (Borkhausen) is questionable considering an unusual location of muscles m4. Generally, the places of attachment of the muscles m3(2) and m4 to the sclerites afford valuable characters for the higher classification of this group.

  20. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected, Color Orthophotography at 12-inch pixel resolution, Published in 2010, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Pierce County Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of...

  1. Field and Laboratory Data From an Earthquake History Study of Scarps in the Hanging Wall of the Tacoma Fault, Mason and Pierce Counties, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Alan R.; Personius, Stephen F.; Sherrod, Brian L.; Buck, Jason; Bradley, Lee-Ann; Henley, Gary; Liberty, Lee M.; Kelsey, Harvey M.; Witter, Robert C.; Koehler, R.D.; Schermer, Elizabeth R.; Nemser, Eliza S.; Cladouhos, Trenton T.

    2008-01-01

    As part of the effort to assess seismic hazard in the Puget Sound region, we map fault scarps on Airborne Laser Swath Mapping (ALSM, an application of LiDAR) imagery (with 2.5-m elevation contours on 1:4,000-scale maps) and show field and laboratory data from backhoe trenches across the scarps that are being used to develop a latest Pleistocene and Holocene history of large earthquakes on the Tacoma fault. We supplement previous Tacoma fault paleoseismic studies with data from five trenches on the hanging wall of the fault. In a new trench across the Catfish Lake scarp, broad folding of more tightly folded glacial sediment does not predate 4.3 ka because detrital charcoal of this age was found in stream-channel sand in the trench beneath the crest of the scarp. A post-4.3-ka age for scarp folding is consistent with previously identified uplift across the fault during AD 770-1160. In the trench across the younger of the two Stansberry Lake scarps, six maximum 14C ages on detrital charcoal in pre-faulting B and C soil horizons and three minimum ages on a tree root in post-faulting colluvium, limit a single oblique-slip (right-lateral) surface faulting event to AD 410-990. Stratigraphy and sedimentary structures in the trench across the older scarp at the same site show eroded glacial sediments, probably cut by a meltwater channel, with no evidence of post-glacial deformation. At the northeast end of the Sunset Beach scarps, charcoal ages in two trenches across graben-forming scarps give a close maximum age of 1.3 ka for graben formation. The ages that best limit the time of faulting and folding in each of the trenches are consistent with the time of the large regional earthquake in southern Puget Sound about AD 900-930.

  2. Nilai-Nilai Toleransi Beragama dalam Film Dokumenter Studi Deskriptif Kualitatif atas Film Indonesia Bukan Negara Islam dengan Pendekatan Semiotika Charles Sanders Pierce

    OpenAIRE

    Herbayu, Alfonsus Condro

    2013-01-01

    Penelitian ini termasuk studi deskriptif kualitatif dengan pendekatan analisis semiotika. Metode semiotika, yaitu suatu ilmu atau metode analisis untuk mengkaji tanda. Data dalam penelitian ini didapat melalui pemilihan frame-frame pada beberapa fragmen di dalam film yang berkaitan dengan penelitian ini, yakni nilai-nilai toleransi beragama. Dari data yang diperoleh penulis melakukan analisis dengan menggunakan tanda-tanda yang terdapat dalam film dengan teori semiotika Char...

  3. J. Clark Salyer Wetlands Management District (Bottineau, McHenry, Pierce, Renville and Rolette Counties): Narrative report: January-December 1971

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for J. Clark Salyer WMD outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1971 calendar year. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  4. Mid to late Devonian back-arc rift basins in the Brooks Range, AK, and across the Arctic: a possible paleogeographic piercing point for Arctic reconstructions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoiland, C. W.; Miller, E. L.; Hourigan, J. K.

    2013-12-01

    The westernmost Brooks Range, Alaska, is underlain by basement of probable Baltic or Timanian affinity (e.g. Miller et al., 2011; Amato et al., 2009), while the eastern Brooks Range is underlain by Laurentian affinity basement (e.g. Strauss et al., 2013). A post-Timanian and pre-Mississippian suture or contact is thus required based on continuity of late Devonian and younger strata across the Brooks Range (e.g. Dumoulin et al., 2002). This inferred juxtaposition has been proposed as the distal and diachronous (though possibly non-collisional) continuation of the Caledonian orogen (e.g. Moore et al., 2012) but the actual location and character of this suture within basement rocks of the Brooks Range remain speculative. New laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) U-Pb single grain detrital zircon (DZ) geochronology of basement rocks from the Cosmos Hills, Slate Creek, and Wiseman regions suggest that metamorphic rocks in these regions are Devonian, not pre-Devonian. New SHRIMP-RG analyses of the Kogoluktuk orthogneiss (Cosmos) (zircon: 383 Ma × 5 Ma, 2-sigma errors, consistent with Dillon et al. 1980) revealed no inherited cores from which to infer basement affinity. DZ spectra from metasedimentary and metavolcanic wall rock contain youngest detrital zircon populations with ages (390 Ma) just barely older than the cross-cutting intrusive age, providing tight bracketing of depositional age. These zircon ages are noticeably younger than Caledonian magmatic ages (430-420 Ma) suggesting deposition in a volcanically and tectonically active setting (likely extensional) as originally suggested by Hitzman et al (1986). Zircon spectra (Cosmos) contain notable amounts of "Timanian" age zircons (c. 700-550 Ma), and a spread of zircons from 1-2 Ga (including 1.5-1.6 Ga ages of the Laurentian "magmatic gap', e.g. Grove et al. 2008) more typical of derivation from Baltic rather than Laurentian sources. East in the Wiseman and Slate Creek localities, the detrital signature becomes characteristically Laurentian, with a notable absence of Timanian and "magmatic gap" ages. A youngest age population of 390 Ma still provides a maximum depositional age, but minimum age is poorly constrained. The coarse and feldspathic nature of many of these intercalated volcanic and clastic sequences suggests a proximal provenance, thus serving as a proxy for local pre-Devonian basement ages and affinity. We might, therefore, infer a non-Laurentian basement for the AACM at least as far east as the Cosmos Hills but not further east than the Wiseman region. These Devonian-age volcanic/rift basins may be related to slab roll-back and induced backarc rifting that occurred obliquely across a 'Caledonian' suture, possibly in response to global plate re-organization. Rifting, accompanied by bimodal volcanism (the Ambler Sequence), may have aided the removal and translation of peri-Baltic terranes to a position outboard of the proto-Cordilleran margin ('Northwestern Passage' of Colpron & Nelson, 2009). Further correlations might be drawn with the Sakmarian-Magnitogorsk arcs of the pre-Uralian margin of Europe. These Devonian backarc rift sequences - more widespread than previously thought - may serve as critical additional tie-points for paleogeographic reconstructions of the Arctic.

  5. An Integrated Procedure for Measuring the Spatial and Temporal Resolution of Visual Displays

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-12-01

    Lindholm & Martin, 1993; Lindholm, Pierce, & Scharine , 2001; Lindholm, Scharine , & Pierce, 2003). In addition, it is well known that imagery...J., Pierce, B., & Scharine , A. (2001). Liquid-crystal displays and moving-image quality. Proceedings of the 2001 Interservice/Industry Training...Simulation, and Education Conference. Lindholm, J., Scharine , A., and Pierce, B. (2003). Motion quality in simulator imagery: some effects of

  6. Altered States of Consciousness during an Extreme Ritual.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen M Lee

    Full Text Available Extreme rituals (body-piercing, fire-walking, etc. are anecdotally associated with altered states of consciousness-subjective alterations of ordinary mental functioning (Ward, 1984-but empirical evidence of altered states using both direct and indirect measures during extreme rituals in naturalistic settings is limited. Participants in the "Dance of Souls", a 3.5-hour event during which participants received temporary piercings with hooks or weights attached to the piercings and danced to music provided by drummers, responded to measures of two altered states of consciousness. Participants also completed measures of positive and negative affect, salivary cortisol (a hormone associated with stress, self-reported stress, sexual arousal, and intimacy. Both pierced participants (pierced dancers and non-pierced participants (piercers, piercing assistants, observers, drummers, and event leaders showed evidence of altered states aligned with transient hypofrontality (Dietrich, 2003; measured with a Stroop test and flow (Csikszentmihalyi, 1990; Csikszentmihalyi & Csikszentmihalyi, 1990; measured with the Flow State Scale. Both pierced and non-pierced participants also reported decreases in negative affect and psychological stress and increases in intimacy from before to after the ritual. Pierced and non-pierced participants showed different physiological reactions, however, with pierced participants showing increases in cortisol and non-pierced participants showing decreases from before to during the ritual. Overall, the ritual appeared to induce different physiological effects but similar psychological effects in focal ritual participants (i.e., pierced dancers and in participants adopting other roles.

  7. Altered States of Consciousness during an Extreme Ritual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ellen M; Klement, Kathryn R; Ambler, James K; Loewald, Tonio; Comber, Evelyn M; Hanson, Sarah A; Pruitt, Bria; Sagarin, Brad J

    2016-01-01

    Extreme rituals (body-piercing, fire-walking, etc.) are anecdotally associated with altered states of consciousness-subjective alterations of ordinary mental functioning (Ward, 1984)-but empirical evidence of altered states using both direct and indirect measures during extreme rituals in naturalistic settings is limited. Participants in the "Dance of Souls", a 3.5-hour event during which participants received temporary piercings with hooks or weights attached to the piercings and danced to music provided by drummers, responded to measures of two altered states of consciousness. Participants also completed measures of positive and negative affect, salivary cortisol (a hormone associated with stress), self-reported stress, sexual arousal, and intimacy. Both pierced participants (pierced dancers) and non-pierced participants (piercers, piercing assistants, observers, drummers, and event leaders) showed evidence of altered states aligned with transient hypofrontality (Dietrich, 2003; measured with a Stroop test) and flow (Csikszentmihalyi, 1990; Csikszentmihalyi & Csikszentmihalyi, 1990; measured with the Flow State Scale). Both pierced and non-pierced participants also reported decreases in negative affect and psychological stress and increases in intimacy from before to after the ritual. Pierced and non-pierced participants showed different physiological reactions, however, with pierced participants showing increases in cortisol and non-pierced participants showing decreases from before to during the ritual. Overall, the ritual appeared to induce different physiological effects but similar psychological effects in focal ritual participants (i.e., pierced dancers) and in participants adopting other roles.

  8. 海藻酸钠为囊材锐孔法制备铁叶绿酸钠微囊%Preparation of Sodium Iron Chlorophyllin Microcapsules with Sodium Alginate by Piercing Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘欣; 郭星尧; 韩亚; 刘淑萍

    2009-01-01

    研究了采用海藻酸钠为囊材,CaCl2溶液为固化液,锐孔法制备铁叶绿酸钠微囊的工艺条件.在实验中,探讨了固化液的浓度、囊材浓度、针头孔径、下滴高度、搅拌速度、乳化剂浓度等实验参数对微囊形态及包封率的影响.结果表明:以海藻酸钠为囊材锐孔法制备铁叶绿酸钠微囊的最佳工艺条件是海藻酸钠的浓度为1%,CaCl2溶液的浓度为2%,海藻酸钠溶液与铁叶绿酸钠溶液的浓度比为1:1,针头孔径0.45 mm,转速800 r/min,下滴高度10 cm.铁叶绿酸钠微囊产品为墨绿色小颗粒,外形颗粒圆整,大小均匀,赋有青草味.

  9. 细编穿刺织物矩阵刚度优化设计的研究%Optimization Design for Stiffness of Needle Matrix Based on Fine-Weave Piercing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔志炜; 胡方田

    2014-01-01

    机织布在穿刺过程中与钢针矩阵之间产生相互作用,该作用使钢针矩阵产生有害变形,并对布层造成损伤.因此,基于钢针矩阵刚度优化设计的原理,建立优化设计的模型、合理地选择钢针矩阵结构参数,可有效控制穿刺过程中钢针矩阵的变形及布层的损伤,为改进细编穿刺工艺和优化织物结构提供了理论依据.

  10. An innovative concept for mixed-material construction in vehicle design: self-piercing riveting of aluminium and steel in combination; Innovatives Konzept fuer Mischbauweisen im Fahrzeugbau: Stanznieten von Aluminium mit Stahl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hahn, O.; Doelle, N. [Paderborn Univ. (Gesamthochschule) (Germany). Lab. fuer Werkstoff- und Fuegetechnik; Rahde, A. [Continental Gummi-Werke AG, Hannover (Germany)

    2001-02-01

    A 'mixed construction' with different materials whose properties have been optimised in combination and new construction and production technologies represent a solution for optimising light-weight construction in the manufacture of motor vehicles in relation to the reduction of waste gas emissions, improvement in acoustics, as well as a reduction in the consumption of fuel. (orig.) [German] Eine 'Mischbauweise' mit verschiedenen eigenschaftsoptimierten Werkstoffen im Verbund sowie neue Konstruktions- und Fertigungstechnologien stellen eine Loesung fuer den optimierten Leichtbau bei der Herstellung von Fahrzeugen im Hinblick auf die Reduzierung von Abgasemissionen, die Verbesserung der Akustik sowie die Reduzierung des Kraftstoffverbrauches dar. (orig.)

  11. INFLUENCE OF DISTRIBUTION TYPES OF RIVETS ON THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SELF-PIERCING RIVETING JOINTS%铆钉分布形式对自冲铆接头力学性能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢保英; 何晓聪; 唐勇; 郑俊超

    2013-01-01

    该文采用Landmark试验机对5052铝合金自冲铆接头进行力学性能测试来研究铆钉分布形式对自冲铆接头力学性能的影响.获得了单铆钉自冲铆(简称SR)接头、横向分布双铆钉自冲铆(DRT)接头和纵向分布双铆钉自冲铆(DRL)接头的静力学和疲劳性能,采用正态分布和威布尔分布对试验数据进行分析检验其有效性.结果表明:DRT接头静强度约为SR接头的2倍;DRL接头静强度约为SR接头的1.9倍.DRL接头比DRT接头具有更好的能量吸收能力.双铆钉自冲铆接头的疲劳性能优于SR接头.铆钉分布形式对接头疲劳变形量影响较小,但是对寿命影响较大.当疲劳载荷较高时,DRL接头可提高疲劳寿命.随着疲劳载荷降低,DRT接头可显著增加疲劳寿命.

  12. 半空心铆钉自冲铆接的工艺参数及铆接质量的判定%Process Parameters and Joint Evaluation of Self-Piercing Riveting with Half-Hollow Rivets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万淑敏; S.Jack Hu; 李双义; 张连洪; 刘秀全

    2007-01-01

    自冲铆接是在板料和铆钉之间形成连接而不需要预冲孔的新工艺.探讨了检测自冲铆接质量的直接试验法和观测法,并在原有观测法的基础上提出了补充意见.开展了模具设计、铆钉尺寸选择及二者与板料匹配等方面的研究,提出了模具设计的依据和方法.同时进行了自冲铆接效果的试验研究,结合自冲铆接试验结果,分析了模具、铆钉以及板料的材质性能等因素对铆接质量的影响.研究和试验分析表明,自行设计的半空心铆钉和模具可以获得良好的铆接质量,可作为模具设计的参考和依据.

  13. Analysis on Failure Mechanism of Self-piercing Riveted Joints Based on Tests%基于试验的自冲铆接头失效机理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓成江; 何晓聪; 邢保英; 曾凯; 丁燕芳

    2013-01-01

    通过试验对比分析了自冲铆接头在静态力学性能测试和疲劳试验中的拉伸剪切和剥离失效机理.结果表明:母材强度和厚度、内锁长度、母材与铆钉之间的接触摩擦系数决定着自冲铆接头的静载强度和失效形式;板材轧制方向、材料缺陷、铆接成形残余应力以及接触界面摩擦系数是影响自冲铆接头疲劳寿命和疲劳失效的主要因素.

  14. 铝锂合金同异质自冲铆接头静力学性能研究%Static Properties of Self-Piercing Riveted Joints in Similar or Dissimilar Sheets About Aluminum-Lithium Alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张先炼; 何晓聪; 程强; 卢毅

    2016-01-01

    以1420铝锂合金(AL1420)为载体制备其同质及其与H62铜合金(H62)、Q215镀锌钢(Q215)和TA1工业纯钛(rAl)异质单搭自冲铆接头.通过静力学试验分析各种接头的静失效载荷及能量吸收性能;就其失效模式分析推断其宏观失效机理.结果表明:TA1-AL1420接头静失效载荷最高,Q215-AL1420接头能量吸收性能最强;除TA1-AL1420接头外,其余各组接头失效位移呈现出的大小规律与能量吸收值的高低规律一致.当上下板材屈服强度相差不大时,接头的失效模式均为下板与铆钉分离;相差较大时,主要以屈服强度较低板断裂失效.

  15. 预成角对单搭自冲铆接头强度及能量吸收的影响%Effect of Preformed Angle on Strength and Energy Absorption of Single-lap Self-piercing Riveted Joints

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓成江; 何晓聪; 杨慧艳; 邢保英; 曾凯; 丁燕芳

    2013-01-01

    通过试验方法研究了预成角对5052铝合金单搭自冲铆接头强度和抗冲击性能的影响.对不同预成角自冲铆接头进行力学性能测试,并用数理统计方法检验试验数据的有效性.从自冲铆成形原理及受力方式解释了接头的失效形式.通过接头失效时能量吸收特性分析了预成角接头的抗冲击性能.试验结果表明:0°预成角自冲铆接头强度最大,但能量吸收最差.随预成角增加,接头失效时位移越大,能量吸收能力有所增强,但承载能力没有显著提高.对比0°预成角不同加载方式,0°载荷保持提高了接头承载能力和能量吸收,有利于改善单搭自冲铆接头承载能力和抗冲击性能.

  16. Analysis of Fatigue Performance of Aluminum Alloy Self-piercing Riveting Joint%铝合金板材自冲铆接头的疲劳性能分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许竞楠; 何晓聪

    2013-01-01

    介绍了自冲铆是一种无需预钻孔的薄板新型连接技术及自冲铆的工艺特点.参照国家标准疲劳试验方法,针对5052-H32铝合金板材单搭自冲铆接头进行了疲劳试验,测得其疲劳强度为45.9MPa.分析了自冲铆接头的疲劳失效机理,发现微动磨损是导致其失效的主要原因.

  17. Effect of radial rate on elliptic pipe self-piercing riveting performance%向心率对椭圆管状铆钉自冲铆接性能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄志超; 薛曙光; 刘伟燕; 陈伟达

    2014-01-01

    椭圆管状铆钉属异形铆钉,为研究椭圆向心率对管状铆钉铆接性能的影响,文章对椭圆管状铆钉自冲铆接过程进行数值模拟,对不同向心率的椭圆管状铆钉自冲铆接的搭接、对接和十字搭接接头进行静态拉伸试验、剖面质量试验和失效形式分析。结果表明,向心率对椭圆管状铆钉铆接性能有较大影响,随向心率的减小,铆接性能逐渐变差;向心率大于0.4时铆接性能相对较好,具有足够的铆接强度;放置形式对搭接接头和对接接头的静态拉伸强度有一定影响。%Elliptic pipe rivet is a kind of special rivets . In order to study the effects of radial rate on elliptic pipe rivet , the riveting process of elliptic pipe rivets was numerically simulated . The different radial rates of elliptic pipe rivets were used in the tensile tests ,the section quality experiments and the failure mode tests of lap joint ,butt and cross lap joints .The results show that ra-dial rate has a great influence on elliptic pipe rivets . The riveting performance became worse with the decrease of radial rate . When radial rate is larger than 0.4 , riveting performance is relatively good and the riveting strength is high . And the place form of rivet affects the tensile strength of lap joints and butt joints .

  18. Influence of Number and Distance of Rivets on the Performance of Self-Piercing Riveted Joints%铆钉数量及间距对自冲铆接头性能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张先炼; 何晓聪; 程强; 赵伦

    2016-01-01

    为研究铆钉数量及铆钉间距对自冲铆接头性能的影响,首先采用数值模拟和试验的方式优化了铆接参数,制备了三组不同形式接头;基于拉伸-剪切实验研究了各组接头的静力学性能及其失效形式;并运用MATLAB 2014b用户自定义开发平台精确计算出各组接头的能量吸收值.结果表明:数值模拟结果与实验具有良好的一致性;单铆钉接头失效形式为铆钉从下板完全拉出,双铆钉接头失效形式为板材断裂失效;双铆钉接头性能明显优于单铆钉接头,而铆钉间距对接头静失效载荷和能量吸收性能的影响较小.

  19. Mechanical properties of self-piercing riveted lap joints in dissimilar metal sheets of aluminum and copper%铝与铜异质板材自冲铆搭接接头的力学性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓成江; 何晓聪; 邢保英; 王玉奇; 曾凯; 丁燕芳

    2015-01-01

    通过试验方法研究了5052铝合金和H62铜合金异质材料搭接自冲铆接头的力学性能.获得了表征接头性能的力-位移曲线和载荷-寿命曲线,采用数理统计方法检验了数据的有效性.对接头强度、刚度、抗冲击性能、失效形式、失效机理进行了分析.结果表明:刚度随接头载荷而变化,疲劳强度随刚度的增大而增强,SCC接头静强度最高,SAA2次之,SAC高于SAA1接头,板材厚度、材质及铆钉长度影响接头静载强度,上板材质对接头强度影响更大,下板材质对接头抗冲击性能影响大于上板,板材厚度影响失效位移,静载失效形式皆为铆钉与下板分离;SCC接头疲劳性能最优,SAA2次之,SAC最小,微动滑移、板材厚度、材质影响接头疲劳强度,同种材料接头以下板断裂为主,异质材料接头较软板材断裂失效.

  20. Analysis of slight slip properties for tensile shear of double-half-section self-piercing riveted joints%双半剖自冲铆接头拉伸剪切微动滑移特性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓成江; 何晓聪; 曾凯; 杨慧艳; 周森

    2015-01-01

    通过有限元数值模拟方法和力学性能试验研究5052铝合金自冲铆接头接触界面处的微动滑移特性和演变过程.搭建显微测量平台,设计双半剖自冲铆接头试样,并进行单向拉伸剪切试验和数值模拟.结果表明:自冲铆接头接触界面处存在微动滑移现象;拉伸剪切状态下的试验结果和数值模拟结果吻合较好,且最大应力分布在铆钉腿底部与下板接触位置及铆钉与下板自锁处.双半剖模型可定性地描述自冲铆接头的微动滑移特性,并可作为接头机械内锁区域滑移错动量的检测模型.

  1. 钛合金异种材料单搭自冲铆接头力学性能%Mechanical Properties of Single-Lap Self-Pierce Riveted Joints in Dissimilar Sheets of Titanium Alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢毅; 何晓聪; 王医锋; 刘福龙

    2015-01-01

    为研究钛合金异种材料单搭自冲铆接头的力学性能,本文使用接头剖面直观检测法分析了四种铆接接头的成形质量,先后对铜-钛合金接头(H62-TA1接头)和钛-铝合金接头(TA1-AA5052接头)进行准静态力学性能测试,得到了两种接头的载荷-位移曲线.采用狄克逊准则剔除异常值,并通过变差系数法验证了试验数据的可靠性.研究结果表明:H62-TA1接头质量优于TA1-H62接头,TA1-AA5052接头质量优于AA5052-TA1接头;H62-TA1接头强度(5 177.8 N)高于TA1-AA5052接头(4 296.9 N),H62-TA1接头能量吸收值(21.9 J)大于TA1-AA5052接头(10.2 J);H62-TA1接头失效模式为铆钉拉出失效,TA1-AA5052接头失效模式为下板拉断失效.

  2. 铝合金板自冲铆连接过程的模拟分析%Simulation and analysis of self-piercing riveting process in aluminum sheets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岁波; 都东; 常保华; 黄华; 王力

    2007-01-01

    为研究铝合金板件自冲铆连接过程,借助有限元方法模拟了1.15mm AA6016T4板+1.5mm AA5182O板自冲铆接头成形.计算结果与已报道实验结果一致,证明该方法是有效的.采用此方法研究了冲头和模具的受力变化,铆扣的形成以及板件翘曲变化情况.结果表明:铆钉的变形是引起冲头载荷急剧增加的关键因素;铆钉内腔的充满压实有助于铆接压力传递到铆钉内壁,促使铆钉管腿变形形成铆合;板件的翘曲主要受压边力大小和压边圈直径影响.

  3. Study on the Performance of Self-piercing Riveting for Composite Lap of Aluminum-copper Alloy Dissimilar Sheet Materials%铝-铜合金异质材料复合搭接自冲铆性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓成江; 何晓聪; 王玉奇; 周森

    2014-01-01

    通过试验方法研究不同刺穿方向下铝合金和铜合金(简称Al-Cu)组合的自冲铆(SPR)接头的力学性能,并进行材料性能测试.对Cu-Cu的SPR接头进行铆接试验和有限元模拟以分析其可成形性.对不同刺穿方向下Al和Cu组合的SPR接头进行力学性能测试,获得其载荷-位移曲线.结果表明:SPR接头抗拉伸剪切强度高于抗剥离强度;Cu-Cu接头强度最高,Cu-Al次之,Al-Cu最小.拉伸剪切条件下,内锁结构决定接头力学性能,失效模式均为铆钉从下板中被拉出;剥离条件下,内锁结构和板材特性决定接头力学性能,上板强度较小时,铆钉从上板铆孔处脱离;下板强度较小时,铆钉脱离下板;上、下板强度较高且接近时,铆钉脱离下板.

  4. 半空心自冲铆钉挤压成形数值模拟%Numerical simulation of extrusion forming of self-piercing semi-tubular rivet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄志超; 王建忠; 姜宁

    2008-01-01

    采用DEFORM-2D软件对半空心自冲铆钉的挤压成形工艺过程进行数值模拟,分析了挤压成形过程、应力应变以及行程载荷曲线的变化趋势;通过改变挤压速度、温度以及铆钉材料进行多个模拟,并分别采用速度、温度载荷曲线和材料载荷柱状图,分析在不同挤压速度、温度及铆钉材料的条件下挤压模具承受的载荷,其结果为试验提供理论依据.

  5. Joinability analysis on self-pierce riveting based on three-layer sheets%基于3层板材搭接的自冲铆连接性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓成江; 何晓聪; 邢保英; 周森; 王玉奇

    2015-01-01

    自冲铆连接是汽车工业中铝合金车身结构连接的关键技术之一.采用单向拉伸试验测试了材料的工程应力-应变特性,并将拉伸曲线简化为双线性力学模型,进而获得了材料的力学性能参数.通过铆接试验获得3层板材搭接自冲铆接头的截面模型并评价了接头质量.采用试验方法分析了5052-H32铝合金3层板复合搭接自冲铆连接性能,研究了不同接头的强度、失效形式和能量吸收特性.试验结果及分析表明,自冲铆连接3层并质板材料组合是有效可行的.

  6. 半空心铆钉自冲铆接工艺的试验研究%Experimental Study of Technology of Self-Piercing Riveting of Half-Hollow Rivets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓静; 李双义; 张连洪; 刘瑞军

    2004-01-01

    自冲铆接是一种很有潜力的连接工艺,本文采用3种不同尺寸的半空心铆钉,对4种不同物质、不同厚度的板料进行了自冲铆接试验;提供了铆接过程中的力-行程试验曲线和铆接的单位成形力,并进行了分析;展示出铆接试验结果,分析了影响铆接质量的诸因素;指出了需要继续做的研究工作和应用前景.

  7. 现代汽车板材的有铆钉塑性连接及其核心技术探讨%Discussion about the mechanism and key technology of self-pierce riveting for connecting automobile sheets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈超; 赵升吨; 韩晓兰; 崔敏超; 范淑琴

    2016-01-01

    近些年,很多轻质材料如铝合金、镁合金等在现代汽车板材上得到了广泛应用.有铆钉塑性连接在轻质材料的连接上具有巨大优势.本文首先介绍了现代汽车板材有铆钉塑性连接方式及其机制,并对有铆钉塑性连接和点焊等连接方式进行了对比.分析了现代汽车板材有铆钉塑性连接的关键技术.有铆钉塑性连接的关键技术包括铆钉形状、塑性变形程度、板材表面状况、塑性变形速率和加热处理.

  8. Current Research and Development Trend of Self-piercing Riveting Technology%自穿孔铆接技术的研究现状及发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何玉林; 杨连发; 吴丛强; 陈奉军; 毛献昌

    2007-01-01

    介绍了自穿孔铆接技术的原理,并从铆接设备、工艺参数、数值模拟和接头质量等四个方面简述了近年来国内外自穿孔铆接技术的研究情况,提出了自穿孔铆接技术的发展趋势.

  9. Structure optimization of C-frame self-piercing riveting machine using goal driven optimization%基于目标驱动优化技术的自冲铆接机C型框架结构优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄志超; 程雯玉; 占金青; 陈伟达; 薛曙光

    2013-01-01

    通过确定自冲铆接机C型框架优化设计的目标函数和约束条件,提出一种基于目标驱动优化技术的C型框架结构优化方法.首先,建立C型框架有限元模型,以C型框架极限工况为条件进行静力学分析.其次,确定C型框架的载荷和边界条件,以等效应力和总变形量为约束条件,以质量最小化为目标对C型框架进行拓扑优化设计.最后,基于拓扑优化结果提出C型框架形状优化模型,利用中心复合试验法和哈默斯利抽样技术,进行权衡排序,获得较优的初始种群,并且通过决策支持流程得到3组候选样本点,从中确定最优解.数值优化结果表明:C型框架质量减轻了16%,其静强度得到明显改善,说明本文提出的优化方法是有效的.

  10. 基于TRIZ理论的自冲铆接机C形框架的创新设计%Innovative Design of Self-piercing Riveting Machine C-frame Based on TRIZ

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩善灵; 杨磊; 高利波; 钟佩思

    2010-01-01

    为了提高自冲铆接机C形框架的适应性,分析了传统自冲铆接机系统中存在的技术矛盾;然后基于TRIZ理论进行了自冲铆接机C形框架创新设计,设计出一种可调喉深C形框架,该机构提高了自冲铆接机工作的灵活性.解决了传统自冲铆接机C形框架喉深固定的问题.

  11. TRIZ理论在自冲铆接机框架设计中的应用%Application of TRIZ theory in the design of self-piercing riveting frame

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩善灵; 杨磊; 余立厦; 吕前栋

    2010-01-01

    为了提高传统自冲铆接机C型框架的适应性,增大其应用领域,首先介绍了传统自冲铆接机C型框架,并分析了传统自冲铆接机C型框架的喉深有限、适应性差等不足.然后利用技术创新理论TRIZ对传统自冲铆接机C型框架进行分析,提出技术矛盾,利用冲突矩阵找到可行的解决矛盾的方法原理,对传统自冲铆接机C型框架进行了创新型设计.最后提出了一种喉深可调自冲铆接机框架.该框架操作方便,结构简单,可以提高自冲铆接机的适应性,同时结果表明技术创新理论TRIZ有助于产品的创新型设计.

  12. Numerical simulation of self-piercing riveting with semi-tubular rivet%半空心铆钉自冲铆接工艺过程的数值模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄志超; 占金青; 陈伟

    2007-01-01

    采用DEFORM-2D软件对半空心铆钉自冲铆接工艺过程进行数值模拟,分析了铆接成形过程、应力应变和行程载荷变化趋势.采用观察铆接截面形状和行程-载荷曲线的方法,分析了凹模凸台高度和铆钉材料对铆接接头质量的影响.结果表明,在一定范围内增加凹模凸台高度,能提高铆接接头的自锁性能;适当硬度的铆钉有利于形成具有良好的力学性能的铆接接头.

  13. 实心铆钉自冲铆接数值模拟及参数优化%Numerical simulation and parameter optimization of self-piercing riveting with solid rivet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄志超; 姜宁; 王建忠

    2009-01-01

    采用DEFORM-2D有限元分析软件对实心铆钉自冲铆接工艺过程进行数值模拟,分析了铆接成形过程中板料断裂损伤的分布以及发展趋势,实验证明:数值模拟的剖面形状与实物剖面形状一致.通过数值模拟得出的应力分布规律,优化了实心铆钉几何形状,在铆钉的头部铆钉杆采用过渡圆角,使得应力分布合理;优化压边力、间隙、凹模圆角,可以有效提高铆接质量和外观.

  14. A kind of Late-mode Joining Technique——Self-piercing Riveting in Automobile Manufacturing%汽车制造业中自冲铆接的新型连接工艺初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓静; 李晓雷

    2007-01-01

    汽车工业的发展要求汽车采用轻量化技术--使用轻量化材料.自冲铆接是一种很有潜力的连接工艺,尤其对于轻型材料(铝、塑料等)的连接.探讨了自冲铆接的发展现状、三种基本类型和每种类型的铆接工艺.

  15. The Virtual Design of Self-pierce Riveting Device for Magnesium Alloy Based on TRIZ%基于TRIZ理论的镁合金自冲铆接加热装置虚拟设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩善灵; 吴义伟; 林超; 高远

    2014-01-01

    针对镁合金常温下塑性较差导致自冲铆接的接头缺陷,提出运用TRIZ理论进行工艺装置的创新设计.通过构建自冲铆接装置与激光辅助加热系统的技术冲突模型,给出了基于TRIZ理论的4种推荐解决问题发明原理.在分析不同发明原理的基础上,虚拟设计了一种镁合金板材激光辅助加热自冲铆接装置的设计方案.通过UG软件进行运动仿真分析,结果表明:新设计的激光辅助加热自冲铆接装置在上下极限位置没有干涉发生,从而验证了该机构的可行性及有效性.

  16. 轻型车身自冲铆连接技术的发展%A Review on the Development of Self-piercing Riveting Technology for Lightweight Vehicle Body

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岁波; 都东; 常保华; 黄华

    2006-01-01

    轻量化是目前汽车发展的趋势,自冲铆连接将成为轻型汽车制造的关键技术之一.从工艺过程和强度评估丽方面简述了近年来自冲铆连接技术的发展情况.讨论了现有自冲铆研究的成果和不足,指出了未来自冲铆研究的发展方向,对我国新一代轻型车身铆接装配技术的开发具有指导意义.

  17. 工业纯钛异种板材自冲铆连接及静态失效机理研究%Study on Self-piercing Riveting on Dissimilar Sheets about Commercially Pure Titanium and Static Failure Mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢毅; 何晓聪; 张越; 王医锋

    2015-01-01

    为研究工业纯钛(TAl)和铜合金(H62)及铝合金(AA5052)自冲铆连接(SPR)的可行性,对其自冲铆接头进行拉伸-剪切试验,运用扫描电镜对接头断口进行微观分析,探究其静态失效机理,并基于有限元分析软件ANSYS/LS-DYNA建立自冲铆连接过程的二维轴对称模型进行模拟.结果表明:SPR技术可实现H62-TA1和TAl-AA5052异种板材的有效连接,SPR试验和模拟具有良好的一致性;H62-TA1接头破坏模式为铆钉拉出,从微观角度分析可知上板不同位置出现不同程度被摩擦的痕迹,下板为韧性断裂;TAl-AA5052接头破坏模式为下板拉断,从微观角度分析其断口特征为韧性断裂.

  18. The Piercing Requiem---A Commentary on Zhou Daxin’s Novel Requiem%穿透骨髓的安魂曲*--评周大新长篇小说《安魂》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓伟

    2014-01-01

    With a resolute attitude,Zhou Daxin discusses the issue of life and death after the narration of the loss of his son,within his oeuvre nouveau,i.e.Requiem,in which the mode of dialogue with the son who died young is adopted to represent author’s metaphysical thought on the life and death issue,and his transcendence over the personal depression as well as the insightful humanist reflection on the present society.%周大新的新作《安魂》讲述了在痛失爱子之后,作家以一种毅然的姿态展开对生命与死亡这个命题的探寻,以与早逝的儿子对话的方式来呈现作者关于“生死”的形而上思考,并且跳出个人的悲痛,以深厚的人文关怀对当下进行了深邃的审视。

  19. EPA Declares Outdoor Burn Ban for Indian Reservations in Snohomish and Pierce Counties, Burn Ban Continues for Yakama Reservation: Air Pollution Levels Now in the Unhealthy to Very Unhealthy Range

    Science.gov (United States)

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is declaring a ban on all outdoor open burning on the Tulalip, Stillaguamish, Sauk-Suiattle and Puyallup Indian Reservations in Washington due to stagnant air conditions and elevated air pollution. These conditions

  20. Multibeam collection for NF-14-06: Multibeam data collected aboard Nancy Foster from 2014-09-03 to 2014-09-11, departing from Fort Pierce, FL and returning to Cape Canaveral, FL

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  1. Numerical simulation of the amour- piercing projectile penetrating into RHA steel plates%穿甲子弹侵彻均质装甲钢的数值模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘保国; 晏麓晖; 曾首义; 蒋志刚

    2006-01-01

    采用LS-DYNA程序对7.62mm穿甲子弹侵彻均质装甲钢靶板问题进行了数值模拟,得到了弹、靶变形破坏发展过程,研究了弹头壳变形破坏规律及材料模型对模拟的影响,数值模拟结果与已有的试验吻合较好.

  2. Department of the Air Force Environmental Statement. Construction and Operation of the West Coast OTH-B Radar System, Lake and Klamath Counties, Oregon; Modoc and Sacramento Counties, California; Pierce County, Washington; Elmore County, Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-02-01

    503) 092.4461 Practice Limited to Orthodontics May 10, 1983 Klamath County Chamber of Commerce 125 North 8th St. Klamath Falls, Oregon 97601 Dear Sirs...21.45 MHz; 10-m band, 28.0-29.7 MHz. 2The League’s own Journal QST, April 1980, pp. 39-43. 292 SINCE 1914- OF. BY AND FOR THE RADIO AMATEUR -2...meaningless any attempt to statistically associate clinical changes in such populations with the low levels of RFR exposure from OTH-B. The levels of RFR in

  3. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... vomiting, and sometimes fever. A sharp object that pierces the stomach or intestines can cause severe abdominal ... your stomach, small intestine, or large intestine, or pierce the stomach or intestines. Removal of button batteries ...

  4. The Speargrass (Imperata cylindrica (L) Beauv.) Menace in Ghana ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fiifi Baidoo

    due to the presence of the major market at Techiman that links the northern and .... implies 'pierces like needle' alluding to the piercing nature of the emerging rhizomes. .... grants with logistic support from CSIR-Crop Research Institute, Ghana.

  5. Tindik Area Oral di Kalangan Mahasiswa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hayatun Safrina

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Body piercing has been practiced universally as far back as can be traced, and now has been admitted by teens and undergraduate students. Oral complications of oral jewelry, especially tongue piercing, have been well documented, e.g. Ludwig's Angina and bifid tongue. This study was done to explore the impact of oral piercing among students. For this purpose, 32 students with oral piercing in Jakarta were asked to fill in a questionnaire form after having had intraoral piercing for less than one year. It was concluded that the subjects did not sufficiently understand the dangers of piercing. Medical and dental professionals should warn patients with piercing about potential dangers posed by this current fashion.

  6. Building Comfort Analysis Using BLAST: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    Models were recently incorporated into the BLAST program. These are the Pierce, KSU, and Fanger models. All three are well recognized models in ASHRAE...program were developed. The new report is invoked by specifying the name of the comfort model desired (i.e., Pierce, Fanger , or KSU), and by adding the...number 123 to the reports statement in the input deck. For example, the following statement would generate reports using the Fanger and Pierce models

  7. Tattow pod Hohlomu ?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Tätoveerimisest ja naha perforeerimisest (body piercing). Uuest stiilist tribal: ornamendid, geomeetrilised joonised. Infot jagavad Tallinna tattoo-salongi meistrid Aleksandr Serov ja Aleksandr Sidorenko

  8. Riskantne ehimisviis / Boleslaw Weidebaum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Weidebaum, Boleslaw

    1999-01-01

    Suurmoeks on saanud kehasse (nahka ja limanahkadesse) torgatud kahtlase väärtusega metallehete kandmine. Inglise keeles on selle torkekultuse pooldajaid hakatud nimetama piercing-freaks (torkeveiderdajad)

  9. 75 FR 17178 - Nebraska Disaster Number NE-00033

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-05

    ..., Merrick, Nuckolls, Pierce, Platte, Polk, Richardson, Sarpy, Wayne. All other information in the original declaration remains unchanged. (Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Numbers 59002 and 59008) James...

  10. 75 FR 22873 - Nebraska Disaster # NE-00035

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    ..., Pawnee, Pierce, Platte, Polk, Richardson, Saline, Seward, Stanton, Thurston, Valley, Wheeler, York The... 59002 and 59008) James E. Rivera, Associate Administrator for Disaster Assistance. BILLING CODE...

  11. Geographic Place Names, GNIS data for Atkinson, Bacon, Ben Hill, Berrien, Brantley, Brooks, Charlton, Clinch, Coffee, Cook, Echols, Irwin, Lanier, Lowndes, Pierce, Tift, Turner, Ware counties., Published in 1999, 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, Southern Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Regional | GIS Inventory — Geographic Place Names dataset current as of 1999. GNIS data for Atkinson, Bacon, Ben Hill, Berrien, Brantley, Brooks, Charlton, Clinch, Coffee, Cook, Echols, Irwin,...

  12. 模钉体积比对异种金属自冲铆接接头成形性能影响分析%Influence of Die-rivet Volume Ratio on Forming Performance of Self-piercing Riveting Joints of Dissimilar Materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楼铭; 李永兵; 黄舒彦; 陈关龙

    2009-01-01

    研究了自冲铆接中模钉体积比对铝-钢以及钢-铝铆接接头的影响.试验结果表明,当模钉体积比大于1时,铝-钢与钢-铝铆接接头都具有较大的底切量;同时,对于钢-铝铆接接头而言,较大的模钉体积比有利于减小铆钉内侧与上层钢板之间的接头空隙,保证接头的紧密性.

  13. Mechanical Properties of Single-Lap Self-Pierce Riveted Joints in Similar and Dissimilar Sheets About 1420 Aluminum-Lithium Alloys%1420铝锂合金同种异种自冲铆单搭接头力学性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程强; 何晓聪; 张先炼; 卢毅

    2016-01-01

    为探究1420铝锂合金自冲铆接头的力学性能,本文采用自冲铆连接设备对1420铝锂合金(AL1 420)同种及其与铜合金(H62)异种板材组合进行铆接,并通过拉伸-剪切试验测试接头的力学性能,运用SPSS数据分析软件对接头的最大载荷和最大位移量进行分析.结果表明:AL1420-AL1420和AL1420-H62两种接头的失效形式皆为铆钉从下板拉脱,铆钉头与上板接触区域出现不同程度撕裂;H62-AL1420接头除铆钉从下板拉脱,铆钉头与下板接触区域仅出现凹陷.AL1420-AL1420接头最大载荷最高(6 026.8 N),能量吸收性能最好(16.84 J).对于异种板材组合,H62-AL1420接头的最大载荷(5 304.0 N)大于AL1420-H62接头(5229.3 N),AL1420-H62接头的能量吸收值(16.79 J)大于H62-AL1420接头(15.08 J),异种板材铆接时则优先采用能量吸收性能较好的AL1420-H62搭接形式.

  14. 模具工艺参数对自冲铆接工艺过程及铆接质量的影响%Affections of mould and die technological parameters on self-piercing riveting technical process and riveted joint quality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万淑敏; 胡仕新; 张连洪; 李双义

    2008-01-01

    通过对6063铝合金板料自冲铆接过程的实验和数值模拟,分析了自冲铆接工艺过程中半空心铆钉和板料的变形和受力.对比研究了铆接过程中铆钉载荷与位移的关系曲线,探讨了模具的深度、模具凸台高度和模具圆角半径对铆接质量的影响.研究表明,计算机模拟与实验结果吻合良好,自冲铆接工艺参数的探讨为提高铆接质量提供了理论依据.

  15. 铝-铜合金异质材料单搭自冲铆接头疲劳特性研究%Study on Fatigue Behavior of Single-lap Self-piercing Riveted Joints of Aluminum and Copper Alloy Dissimilar Sheet Materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓成江; 何晓聪; 周森; 曾凯; 丁燕芳

    2013-01-01

    分析了铝合金和铜合金(铝-铜合金)异质材料自冲铆接头特征,并对接头进行了静力测试和疲劳测试,分别获得了表征接头性能的力-位移曲线和载荷-寿命曲线.研究了铝-铜合金自冲铆接头失效形式和各应力比R下的疲劳极限.分析并解释了裂纹萌生过程和扩展的实际路径.从断裂力学角度定义了接头疲劳裂纹扩展方式并讨论了裂纹扩展速率与应力强度因子幅值△K之间的关系,进而估算铝-铜合金自冲铆接头的疲劳裂纹扩展寿命.该研究一定程度上能为自冲铆接头疲劳失效机理分析提供参考.

  16. 8090铝锂合金T型自冲铆接头剥离试验失效机理分析%Analysis on Failure Mechanism of Peeling Test of T-Jointed of Self-Pierce Riveting About 8090 Aluminum-Lithium Alloys

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程强; 何晓聪; 张先炼; 高爱凤; 卢毅

    2016-01-01

    为探究8090铝锂合金自冲铆(SPR)T型接头的剥离性能及失效机理,本文对8090铝锂合金(8090)同种及其与钛合金(TA1)、铜合金(H62)异种组合的三组自冲铆T型接头进行剥离试验,并通过MAT-LAB R2014b对所得试验数据进行分析.结果表明:当下板材料相同时,接头铆钉刺入下板的深度对接头机械内锁的强度影响较大.剥离时的最大载荷均值从小到大依次为:8090-8090T型接头(1070.3 N),TA1-8090T型接头(1414.2 N)和H62-8090T型接头(1642.7 N).8090同种T型接头的能量吸收能力均大于其余两组异种组接头.

  17. 1420铝锂合金自冲铆异质组合接头静力学性能研究%Investigation on the Static Strength of Self-piercing Riveted Joints in Dissimilar Sheets About 1420 Aluminum-Lithium Alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张先炼; 何晓聪; 程强; 余童欣; 高爱凤

    2015-01-01

    首先采用自冲铆(SPR)连接工艺对1420铝锂合金板(AL1420)分别与铜合金板(H62)、镀锌钢板(Q215)和钛板(TA1)的异质组合板材进行连接;通过剖面直观检测法分析接头成形质量并获得其最优铆接参数;同时对试件进行拉伸-剪切试验以研究其静力学性能.结果表明:采用自冲铆连接工艺可以实现对1420铝锂合金异质组合板材的有效连接;TA1-AL1420接头静失效载荷为6424.8 N,明显大于H62-AL1420接头(5304.0 N)和Q215-AL1420接头(5386.1 N);Q215-AL1420接头能量吸收能力更强,适用于对缓冲吸震性能要求较高的结构.

  18. Influence of Basilar Sheet Thickness on Static Performance of Self-piercing Riveted Joints and Its Failure Mechanism%基板厚度对自冲铆接头静力学性能的影响及其失效机理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵伦; 何晓聪; 卢毅; 邢保英

    2015-01-01

    分别对三组不同厚度的5052铝合金板连接成的自冲铆接头进行了拉伸-剪切试验,研究了基板厚度对白冲铆单搭接头静力学性能的影响,并运用扫描电子显微镜对接头断口进行了微观分析,研究其静态失效机理.结果表明:对于5052铝合金自冲铆单搭接接头,基板厚度的增加有助于提高接头的各项力学性能.从失效模式来看,自冲铆基板厚度对接头的宏观失效模式没有影响,但对接头的破坏程度有影响.从失效机理来看,各接头基板均呈现出明显的韧性断裂特征.

  19. 基于正交试验的铝合金一高强钢异种金属自冲铆接工艺优化%Process Optimization of Self-piercing Riveting Aluminum to High Strength Steel Using DOE Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金鑫; 李永兵; 楼铭; 王远

    2011-01-01

    以铝合金AA6061-T6和双相钢DP590为研究对象,通过正交试验方法研究了铆钉长度、凹模中部直径和凹模凸台高度对铝合金-高强钢自冲铆接接头成形规律、接头几何特征量、拉剪强度以及失效模式的影响规律,分析了影响自冲铆接接头强度的关键因素以及在2 mm AA6061-T6+1.2 mm DP590组合下的最优工艺参数组合,可为自冲铆接工艺优化提供有益的借鉴.

  20. Piercing the Veil of Swiss Bank Secrecy:From the Perspective of Promoting International Exchange of Tax Information%刺破瑞士银行保密制度的面纱--以促进国际税收情报交换为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵朱励

    2013-01-01

    With the help of strict bank secrecy law, Switzerland becomes the biggest off-shore financial center in the world.However, the bank secrecy law becomes an excuse to provide ineffective exchange of tax information, which fa-cilitates foreigners'off-shore tax evasion activities.The international community has taken a series of joint action to combat offshore tax evasion activities, and the latest development is the establishment and implementation of international stand-ard on exchange of tax information under the leadership of global forum on taxa-tion.Under great pressure, Switzerland promises to comply with and substantial y implements the international standard on exchange of tax information, and is wil-ing to exchange bank information concerning offshore tax evasion activities.In the long run, Swiss bank secrecy law wil come to an end, but the Swiss bank se-crecy law is unlikely to die out; protecting customer's legitimate financial privacy right is the core of Swiss bank secrecy law, and always has its value of existence.%瑞士成为世界上最大的离岸金融中心离不开其严格的银行保密制度。但瑞士的银行保密制度却成为其拒绝与他国进行有效税收情报交换的借口,从而为他国居民的离岸逃税活动提供了便利。国际社会采取了一系列联合行动打击离岸逃税活动,其最新进展当属全球税收论坛领导下的税收情报交换国际标准的建立与实施。在巨大的压力下,瑞士承诺并实质性地实施了税收情报交换国际标准,愿意交换与离岸逃税活动有关的银行情报。从长远看,容忍逃税的瑞士银行保密制度将无处藏身,但瑞士银行保密制度却不会就此消亡,保护客户正当的金融隐私权是瑞士银行保密制度的核心理念,永远有其存在的价值。

  1. B超引导下利用自制穿刺套装行膀胱穿刺造瘘疗效观察%Clinical application of bladder puncture fistula using seldinger method and self-piercing kits under ultrasound-guided technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴敏红; 余知灵; 刘彩玲; 顾红勇; 林鹏修

    2015-01-01

    目的 评价B超引导下,利用自行组装的穿刺套件行膀胱穿刺造瘘的安全有效性及临床应用价值.方法 选取尿潴留患者53例,利用自行组装的穿刺套件Seldinger法行膀胱穿刺造瘘,并与39例按传统的耻骨上穿刺造瘘(Cook法)进行临床比较.结果 超声引导下Seldinger法组均一次穿刺成功,2例出现严重血尿,无1例腹膜、直肠等邻近脏器损伤患者,无1例发生切口感染.传统的耻骨上穿刺造瘘组3例中转开放耻骨上穿刺造瘘,3例术后严重血尿,1例穿刺针进入腹腔,1例切口感染.手术时间、住院时间、并发症发生率上Seldinger法组明显低于传统穿刺组(P<0.05),手术费用无明显差别(P>0.05).结论 超声引导下,利用自行组合穿刺套件Seldinger法行膀胱穿刺造瘘,同传统的耻骨上膀胱造瘘(Cook法)相比较,具有操作简单、易掌握、安全可靠、手术时间短、出血少、并发症发生率低、恢复快等优点,

  2. Experimental Study of Electronic States at Interfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    attenuited-total-reflection measurements on the same time. silver films at 5145 A by Kurosawa , Pierce, Ushioda, and Our complete data analysis using...Geigy AG, K. A. Forschungs- Rev. B 30,4189 (1984). zentrum, CH-1701 Fribourg, Switzerland. 3K. Kurosawa , R. M. Pierce, S. Ushioda. and J. C. Hemminger

  3. Sensitivity of IFM/GAIM-GM Model to High-cadence Kp and F10.7 Input

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-27

    GPS satellites ( UCAR , 2013). The 21 Figure 6. GPS TEC observation 300 km pierce points. Locations of individual 300 km pierce points (blue...2009). University Corporation for Atmospheric Research ( UCAR ). “FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC(COSMIC-1) Science Mission.” (6 December 2013). http

  4. Mindre inventar og personlige ejendele

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    Groups of finds from Aggersborg: keys and locks, casket-hasps, ornamental mount and nail, combs, tweezers, bone pins and bodkins, gamin-pieces, pierced metatarsus, small axe-head, weight......Groups of finds from Aggersborg: keys and locks, casket-hasps, ornamental mount and nail, combs, tweezers, bone pins and bodkins, gamin-pieces, pierced metatarsus, small axe-head, weight...

  5. Exploring the Relationship between Racial Identity, Microaggressions, and Academic Outcomes among African American Students in the Classrooms of a Predominantly White Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, Andrea M.

    2014-01-01

    The overt nature of racism in the United States has morphed into an insidious, covert manifestation called racial microaggression (Pierce, Carew, Pierce-Gonzalez, & Wills, 1978; Sue, Capodilupo, et al., 2007). Though not often intentional in nature, these microaggressive behaviors have become pervasive in the lives of people of color (Sue,…

  6. Disarming Microaggressions: How Black College Students Self-Regulate Racial Stressors within Predominately White Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, Nicole L.

    2012-01-01

    The nature of racism in the United States has transformed from overt prejudice and blatant discrimination to more covert, embedded, ambiguous manifestations called racial microaggressions (Constantine, 2007; Pierce, Carew, Pierce-Gonzalez, & Willis, 1978; Sue, Capidolupo et al., 2007). Researchers have demonstrated the unique, harmful, and…

  7. Historical Development Summary of Automatic Cannon Caliber Ammunition: 20-30 Millimeter

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    o, this report is specified on verso of front cover. " 0 19. KEY WORDS (Continue on reverse side If necessary and Identify by block numb, r...M53. F. Amor Piercing Projectiles The evolution of armor and armor piercing ammunition is a continuous see-saw. The improvement of one forces a

  8. The Fateful Rift: The San Andreas Fault in the Modern Mind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Percy, Walker

    1990-01-01

    Claims that modern science is radically incoherent and that this incoherence lies within the practice of science. Details the work of the scientist and philosopher Charles Sanders Pierce, expounding on the difference between Rene Descartes' dualistic philosophy and Pierce's triadic view. Concludes with a brief description of the human existence.…

  9. Form, function and evolution of the mouthparts of blood-feeding Arthropoda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krenn, Harald W; Aspöck, Horst

    2012-03-01

    This review compares the mouthparts and their modes of operation in blood-feeding Arthropoda which have medical relevance to humans. All possess piercing blood-sucking proboscides which exhibit thin stylet-shaped structures to puncture the host's skin. The tips of the piercing structures are serrated to provide anchorage. Usually, the piercing organs are enveloped by a soft sheath-like part which is not inserted. The piercing process includes either back and forth movements of the piercing structures, or sideways cutting motions, or the apex of the proboscis bears teeth-like structures which execute drilling movements. Most piercing-proboscides have a food-canal which is separate from a salivary canal. The food-canal is functionally connected to a suction pump in the head that transports blood into the alimentary tract. The salivary canal conducts saliva to the tip of the proboscis, from where it is discharged into the host. Piercing blood-sucking proboscides evolved either from (1) generalized biting-chewing mouthparts, (2) from piercing mouthparts of predators, or plant sap or seed feeders, (3) from lapping or sponging mouthparts. Representatives of one taxon of Acari liquefy skin tissue by enzymatic action. During feeding, many blood-feeding arthropods inadvertently transmit pathogens, which mostly are transported through the discharged saliva into the host.

  10. Disarming Microaggressions: How Black College Students Self-Regulate Racial Stressors within Predominately White Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, Nicole L.

    2012-01-01

    The nature of racism in the United States has transformed from overt prejudice and blatant discrimination to more covert, embedded, ambiguous manifestations called racial microaggressions (Constantine, 2007; Pierce, Carew, Pierce-Gonzalez, & Willis, 1978; Sue, Capidolupo et al., 2007). Researchers have demonstrated the unique, harmful, and…

  11. 30 CFR 57.7807 - Flushing the combustion chamber.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Flushing the combustion chamber. 57.7807... and Rotary Jet Piercing Rotary Jet Piercing-Surface Only § 57.7807 Flushing the combustion chamber. The combustion chamber of a jet drill stem which has been sitting unoperated in a drill hole shall be...

  12. 30 CFR 56.7807 - Flushing the combustion chamber.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Flushing the combustion chamber. 56.7807 Section 56.7807 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND... Rotary Jet Piercing Rotary Jet Piercing § 56.7807 Flushing the combustion chamber. The combustion chamber...

  13. Ink and Holes: Correlates and Predictive Associations of Body Modification among Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dukes, Richard L.; Stein, Judith A.

    2011-01-01

    We examined correlates and predictive associations of tattoos and body piercings among 1,462 Colorado students in grades 9 to 12. More boys (19%) than girls (17%) reported tattoos, but more girls (42%) than boys (16%) reported piercings (earlobes not included). Older students reported more body modification. Structural equation models showed that…

  14. Reduced frequency of nickel allergy upon oral nickel contact at an early age

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Hoogstraten, I M; Andersen, Klaus Ejner; Von Blomberg, B M

    1991-01-01

    the feasibility of oral prevention of undesired T cell-mediated immunity in man. Potentially tolerizing (oral nickel contacts via orthodontic braces) as well as sensitizing (ear piercing) events were studied retrospectively in 2176 patients attending nine European patch test clinics. Patients were interviewed...... by means of a confidential questionnaire. The results show that ear piercing strongly favoured development of nickel ACH. More importantly, patients having had oral contacts with nickel-releasing appliances (dental braces) at an early age, but only if prior to ear piercing, showed a reduced frequency...

  15. Hızma Induced Papul of Nose Mimicking Pyogenic Granuloma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mualla Polat

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The application of body piercing is popular among young people, who consider it as a sign of marginality, beauty, or group identity. Piercing procedure is observed to cause a large number of complications such as infections, pain, inflammatory reactions, bleeding, dental fractures or fissures, and gingival damage, etc., mostly in young individuals. Hizma is a traditional body ornament worn by Anatolian women via a piercing procedure. Herein, we describe a papule of nose mimicking pyogenic granuloma as an uncommon complication of Hızma.

  16. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-09-03

    HIVrev is a 72-item checklist of HIV/AIDS-specific physical ... to assess perceived social support,20 as used by Simbayi et al.21 The ..... Brock D, Sarason I, Sarason B, Pierce G. Simultaneous assessment of perceived global and.

  17. Hake Survey ADCP (2001)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Shipboard acoustic Doppler current profiler data collected during the Integrated Acoustic and Trawl Surveys of Pacific Hake. Processing by: Stephen Pierce, Oregon...

  18. 77 FR 47823 - Zen Magnets, LLC; Complaint

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-10

    ... act as stress relief and a way to relieve boredom. 13. Upon information and belief, in 2011 Respondent... items, swallow them, or in the case of young adolescents and teens, mimic body piercings. ] 33. Warnings...

  19. 75 FR 1070 - Cargo Securing Methods for Packages in Transport Vehicles or Freight Containers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-08

    ... must be braced and dunnaged within a container so that they are not likely to be pierced or crushed and... equivalent material laid over or against structures such as tank tops, decks, bulkheads, frames, plating,...

  20. 75 FR 29238 - Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-25

    .... Approximately 125 feet None +1,412 downstream of Forest Avenue. West Branch Susquehanna River... Maple Pierce County. Avenue (County Highway S). At Maple Avenue (County None +833 Highway S). * National...

  1. Tatu, pirsing i bodi-art / kunsti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    kunsti

    2007-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline tätoveerimise ja naha perforeerimise (body piercing) festival Tattoo-Collection-2007 Kiievis. Osalejad Ukrainast, Venemaalt, Valgevenest, Poolast ja Tšehhist. Toimus ka kehamaalingute tšempionaat

  2. 78 FR 68488 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-14

    ... activity). \\14\\ See Calvin David Fox, 56 SE.C. 1371, 1376 (2003) (``With respect to a charge that conduct... business-related conduct. See also In the Matter of Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith...

  3. Tatu, pirsing i bodi-art / kunsti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    kunsti

    2007-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline tätoveerimise ja naha perforeerimise (body piercing) festival Tattoo-Collection-2007 Kiievis. Osalejad Ukrainast, Venemaalt, Valgevenest, Poolast ja Tšehhist. Toimus ka kehamaalingute tšempionaat

  4. Profile chemical, physical and optical data collected aboard the SEWARD JOHNSON in the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean from June 22, 2006 to July 24, 2006 (NODC Accession 0059071)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains hydrographic data collected during cruise SJ0609 in the tropical North Atlantic. Leg 1 of the cruise began in Ft. Pierce FL with a rapid...

  5. Arthrography

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... metallic items, which can distort MRI images removable dental work pens, pocket knives and eyeglasses body piercings ... may also be asked to remove jewelry, removable dental appliances, eye glasses and any metal objects or ...

  6. Ecological aquaculture: the evolution of the blue revolution

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Costa-Pierce, B.A

    2002-01-01

    ... Aquaculture: A Case Study of Tilapia in Fiji Barry A. Costa-Pierce 125 Part 3 The Context of Ecological Aquaculture 143 7 Village-based Aquaculture Ecosystems as a Model for Sustainable Aquacultu...

  7. Women and Mice

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is an advertisement for Dr. Pierce's "Favorite Prescription," which he developed in the 1880's to relieve women of nervous symptoms caused by disease of the...

  8. 78 FR 59344 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-26

    ... Installations Command, N3AT Technology Officer, ATTN: Sharon Burch- Martin, Bldg 196, Rm. 123, 1325 10th Street...: Charles Pierce/Le'Ron Lawrence, 3000 Marine Corps Pentagon Rm. 4A324, Washington, DC 20350-3000, or...

  9. St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge Forest Management Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Virgin timber stood on St. Vincent Island until the early forties when sold by the estate of Dr. Pierce. Other timber cuts were made during the period I960 through...

  10. S A H A R A J

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    on the country of India, where public discussion of HIV risk ... The authors argue with evidence that more AIDS patients in. India have had possible exposures to HIV through injections, tattooing, piercing, dentistry and other health care.

  11. ORNAMENTAL DENTISTRY – AN OVERVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titus

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The use of intraoral jewellery and piercings of oral and perioral tissues have been gaining popularity among adolescents and young adult s. Intraoral jewelry or other oral accessories may lead to increased plaque levels, gin gival inflammation and/or recession, caries, diminished articulation, and metal allergy.[26,27] Oral piercings involving the tongue, lips, cheeks, and uvula have been associated with patholog ical conditions including pain, infection, scar formation, tooth fractures, metal hyper-sensiti vity reactions, localized periodontal disease, speech impediment, and nerve damage.[28,29]. Life-thr eatening complications associated with oral piercings have been reported, including bleeding , edema, endocarditis, and airway obstruction.[30,31]. Unregulated piercing parlors an d techniques have been identified by the National Institutes of Health as a possible vector f or disease transmission (eg, hepatitis, tetanus, tuberculosis and as a cause of bacterial endocardi tis in susceptible patients.[26

  12. 24 The Quest for a Sure Foundation of Cognitive Beliefs: Karl ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NGOZI

    Introduction ... experience (sense-data information) and explain this cognitive process by their theory of ... Rationalism and Empiricism as Fundamental Theories of. Knowledge ...... Pierce in his doctrine of 'fixation of belief' or Williams James.

  13. Ne speshite jego horonit / Stanislav F. Rostotski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rostotski, Stanislav F.

    2000-01-01

    Bondi-filmide minevikust ja oletatavast tulevikust seoses uue Bondi-filmiga "007 ja liiga kitsas maailm" ("The World Is Not Enough") : režissöör Michael Apted : Peaosas Pierce Brosnan : Suurbritannia - Ameerika Ühendriigid 1999

  14. The strontium isotope distribution in water and fish within major ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-04-02

    Apr 2, 2016 ... INTRODUCTION. Strontium has 4 ... Penne and Pierce. (2006), in a ... larly add information about possible anthropogenic influences. e aim of this paper is ...... isotopes as tracers of ecosystem processes: theory and meth- ods.

  15. Investigating a spatial approach to groundwater quantity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-12-17

    Dec 17, 2014 ... INTRODUCTION ... input objective information for the subjective decision-making ... paper is that the lists (Pierce et al., 2013; Llamas et al., 2006), ...... RUDESTAM K and LANGRIDGE R (2014) Sustainable yield in theory.

  16. The evolution of thyroid function tests

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    introduction of three major innovations, i.e. automation with “kit” methodology ... random access analysers linked to a hospital information system, .... Then, in 1979, Liao and Pierce obtained the .... Clinical endocrinology: theory and practice.

  17. Oceanographic Data collected during the Florida Shelf Edge Expedition (FLoSEE) (CIOERT2010) on RV Seward Johnson in the Gulf of Mexico and North Atlantic Ocean between July 9, 2010 - August 9, 2010 (NODC Accession 0074541)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A science team on the research vessel Seward Johnson left from Fort Pierce, Fla. in early July to go to the eastern Gulf of Mexico. The researchers used a...

  18. Hake Survey ADCP (1995)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Shipboard acoustic Doppler current profiler data collected during the Integrated Acoustic and Trawl Surveys of Pacific Hake. Processing by: Stephen Pierce, Oregon...

  19. Hake Survey ADCP (2005)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Shipboard acoustic Doppler current profiler data collected during the Integrated Acoustic and Trawl Surveys of Pacific Hake. Processing by: Stephen Pierce, Oregon...

  20. Demonstrating Classical Conditioning in Introductory Psychology: Needles Do Not Always Make Balloons Pop!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vernoy, Mark W.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a method of teaching classical conditioning to an introductory psychology class which involves demonstrating the conditioned response that occurs when a needle pierces, but does not pop, a balloon. (GEA)

  1. Children's (Pediatric) Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... food or drink beforehand, especially if sedation or anesthesia is to be used. In general, children who ... metallic items, which can distort MRI images removable dental work pens, pocket knives and eyeglasses body piercings ...

  2. MRI of the Chest

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... metallic items, which can distort MRI images removable dental work pens, pocket knives and eyeglasses body piercings ... from the contrast material, including nausea, headache and pain at the site of injection. Similarly, patients are ...

  3. Children's (Pediatric) Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... metallic items, which can distort MRI images removable dental work pens, pocket knives and eyeglasses body piercings ... from the contrast material, including nausea and local pain. Very rarely, patients are allergic to the contrast ...

  4. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) -- Head

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... metallic items, which can distort MRI images removable dental work pens, pocket knives and eyeglasses body piercings ... from the contrast material, including nausea, headache and pain at the site of injection. Similarly, patients are ...

  5. Language of Ritual Cursing in the Binding of Prometheus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John M. Marston

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The words and actions in the opening scene of Prometheus Bound, especially the piercing of Prometheus, have the effect of evoking ancient "binding curses," which would have been familiar to the Athenian audience.

  6. Hake Survey ADCP (1998)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Shipboard acoustic Doppler current profiler data collected during the Integrated Acoustic and Trawl Surveys of Pacific Hake. Processing by: Stephen Pierce, Oregon...

  7. First record of the behavior of latex drainage by Trigona spinipes (Fabricius (Hymenoptera, Apidae in laticiferous flowers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiana Koschnitzke

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the behavior of the bee Trigona spinipes, to avoid the latex, when piercing the base of the tubular corolla of the flowers of Mandevilla guanabarica in order to steal the nectar.

  8. Business English Hotline Provides Answers--To Callers and Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guffey, Mary Ellen

    1980-01-01

    Describes a business English hotline, staffed by faculty members, which serves to augment the instructional aims of Los Angeles Pierce College, and keeps faculty members in touch with the office world and its problems. (JOW)

  9. Evidence for preferences of Italian patients for physician attire

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sotgiu, Giovanni; Nieddu, Paolo; Mameli, Laura; Sorrentino, Enrico; Pirina, Pietro; Porcu, Alberto; Madeddu, Stefano; Idini, Manuela; Di Martino, Maddalena; Delitala, Giuseppe; Mura, Ida; Dore, Maria Pina

    2012-01-01

    ... (professional, casual, surgical scrubs, trendy, and careless). Patients were also surveyed about issues such as the presence of a name tag, hair length, trousers on women, amount of makeup, presence of tattoos, and body piercing...

  10. HIV and Hepatitis C

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... with another person’s blood. If you get a tattoo or body piercing, make sure the instruments used ... medicines are more effective and have fewer side effects than older medicines. The newer HCV medicines may ...

  11. Methods of correlating electropenetrography waveform data to Hemipteran probing behavior and pathogen transmission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemipteran feeding behavior cannot be visualized within plant tissues by researchers studying probing and/or transmission attributes of some economically important plant pathogens transmitted by these piercing sucking insects. Electropenetrography (EPG) is currently the most precise method for study...

  12. Presentations from the session "The revised EU import scheme: ensuring organic integrity?!" at the BioFach Congress 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Willer, Helga; Julia, Lernoud; Beate, Huber; Amarjit, Sahota

    2013-01-01

    At this session, papers were presented by David Gould, IFOAM Christina Gerstgrasser, EU Commission Sergyi Galashevsky, Organic Standard Jim Pierce, Oregon Tilth Jochen Neuendorff, GfRS Beate Huber, FiBL

  13. 77 FR 23800 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-20

    ...) Michael D. Kilgore (TX) Joseph J. Kushak (MI) Douglas L. Norman (NC) Richard W. Pierce (NM) Christopher A. Reineck (OH) Caroll R. Rogers (CA) Wayne J. Savage (VA) Anthony T. Smith (MI) The exemptions are...

  14. Body art and pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kluger, Nicolas

    2010-11-01

    Body art has gained tremendously in popularity over the past 20 years, and a substantial number of pregnant women may have tattoos or piercings. In most cases, pregnancy will be uneventful. However, on rare occasions, body art may become an issue or cause complications. Navel and abdominal surface piercing and microdermal implants may cause unsightly stretch marks from gravid distension. Nipple piercing could impair breastfeeding. In emergency situations, oral piercing may interfere with airway management and nasal jewelry can be inhaled or swallowed during orotracheal intubation. Tattoos may become distorted if placed on a distended area or they may cover surgical incision lines. The risk of introducing tattoo pigments during epidural analgesia, with the potential for tumor growth, is currently under debate, although the arguments are highly speculative and without solid basis.

  15. Children's (Pediatric) Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... has a history of kidney disease or liver transplant, it will be necessary to perform a blood ... pocket knives and eyeglasses body piercings In most cases, an MRI exam is safe for patients with ...

  16. Crack-free cutting of thick and dense ceramics with CO 2 laser by single-pass process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Lingfei; Yan, Yinzhou; Bao, Yong; Jiang, Yijian

    2008-10-01

    This paper presents a laser crack-free cutting method of Al 2O 3 ceramics by single-pass process in internal straight and curve profiles. The thickness and theoretical density of the ceramics are up to 10 mm and about 99%, respectively. The effective cutting speed is about 0.23-0.42 mm/s corresponding to the laser head moving speed of 3 mm/s. The cutting process based on close-piercing lapping of piercing time of 0.1-0.5 s and piercing pitch of 0.03-0.05 mm is divided into two continuous stages. Appropriate time slot for each piercing, high peak power of 3500 W and low cycle duty (laser crack-free cutting method is a promising method to achieve complex profiles of ceramic cuts.

  17. Age-related Macular Degeneration: Current concepts in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sheri

    Prior to the year 2000, laser treatment was the standard for classic CNVM. This form of ... Researchers concluded that Lucentis, which is about 50 times more expensive than ..... Aiello LP, Pierce EA, Foley ED, et al. Suppression of retinal.

  18. Optical Systems For High Power Laser Beam Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durville, Frederic M.; Cilia, D.

    1989-03-01

    During the pst fifteen years, pwerful lasers have been developed for industrial applications such as cutting, piercing, welding, engraving, etc... Convenient and reliable delivery systems are still needed to widen their field of application.

  19. Crowdsourced Decision Support for Emergency Responders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    the GMU campus: a large concert at the Patriot Center, and a speech by a fictional controversial author named Simon Pierce taking place at the...Separately, the websites of the County and GMU were hacked by a fictional terrorist group called the Anti-Pierce Group. They defaced the websites and...Internet. Interaction was limited to laptops. Support for mobile devices would increase realism and improve student access, but required too much

  20. Economic Analysis of Family Housing at Fort Lewis, Washington.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    includes land cost based on local market value for residential subdivision land in Pierce and Thurston Counties X (2) Contract administration cost...A review of inflation guidelines indicated that the same escala - tion rate was applicable to all cost items and, therefore, differential infla- tion...economies of Pierce and Thurston Counties. It would be particu-I larly beneficial to the hard pressed construction industry where the November 1984

  1. Alphabetic List of All DoD Prime Contractors (No Dollars), FY84.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    SERV ENTE NATIONAL PER L" ENERGIA EL ENVIRONMENTAL ABATEMENT CORP ENGINEERING SCNC ASSOC ENTE NAZIONALE PER L ELETIRICI ENVIRONMENTAL AIR CONTROL INC...INC M K LABORATORIES INC M T L SYSTEMS INC M B INDUSTRIES INC M L ENERGIA INC M T R INC M B R ASSOCIATES INC M LADER CO Prepared by Washington...INSTALLATION CO INC PIERCE INDUSTRIES INC PINEVILLE CITY OF PIPE MOVERS INC PIERCE J B FNDTN CT INC PINKARD CONSTRUCTION CO PIPELINE RENOVATION SERVICE

  2. Shallow-Water Mud Acoustics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-30

    initiated at Boston 2 University under the leadership of William Carey (deceased) and Allan Pierce, was broadened to a collaboration with Rensselaer...breakthrough aggregated card-house structure developed by Pierce and Carey [1]. The first key step in the approach is formulating a hypothesized physics... Carey at Dodge Pond, we found that the solid volume fraction agrees with an estimate from the card-house theory [8]. The latter is useful in

  3. Behaviour and modelling of selfpiercing riveted connections using aluminium rivets

    OpenAIRE

    Hoang, Nguyen-Hieu

    2011-01-01

    The present thesis is concerned with the behaviour and modelling of self-piercing riveted connections using aluminium rivets. The objective has been to establish a database on the behaviour of self-piercing riveted connections using aluminium rivets with respect to the riveting process, the mechanical behaviour of single riveted connections and the structural behaviour of riveted joints. The objective has been met by a combination of laboratory tests, modelling and non-linear finite element n...

  4. The nature of cometary materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, James

    1989-01-01

    Because cometary surfaces are likely to be far colder and of a different composition than planetary surfaces, there are some new considerations that must be examined in regards to placing instrumented packages or sample return devices on their surfaces. The qualitative analysis of the problem of attaching hardware to a comet and not being ejected back into space can be divided into two parts. The first problem is to pierce the mantle and obtain access to the icy core. Drilling through the mantle requires that the drilling forces be reacted. Reacting such forces probably requires attachment to the icy core below. Therefore, some kinetic impact piercing device is likely to be required as the first act of attachment. The second problem for a piercing device to overcome is the force produced by the impact kinetic energy that tries to eject the piercing device back into space. The mantle and icy core can absorb some of the impact kinetic energy in the form of fracture formation and friction energy. The energy that is not absorbed in these two ways is stored by the core as elastic deformation of the mantle and icy core. It is concluded that because the cometary materials are almost certainly brittle and the icy core is likely to be self lubricating, the elastic rebound and gas pressure expulsion forces must be counteracted by forces greater than those that may be provided by a piercing device or its capture devices (barbs).

  5. A novel method for banking dental pulp stem cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gioventù, Silvia; Andriolo, Gabriella; Bonino, Ferruccio; Frasca, Stefania; Lazzari, Lorenza; Montelatici, Elisa; Santoro, Franco; Rebulla, Paolo

    2012-10-01

    Dental pulp stem cells (DPSC), a cell type of mesenchymal origin showing high proliferation and plasticity, are an emerging source of adult stem cells offering interesting features in view of potential applications in regenerative medicine. These features prompted us to develop a new method to cryopreserve DPSC inside a whole tooth, thus avoiding the need to purify the cells before cryopreservation and reducing the initial costs and workload of tooth banking. In this study we cryopreserved 4 human deciduous whole teeth after digging micro-channels into the tooth with an Nd:YAG laser beam (laser piercing) to allow the cryopreservative to reach the dental pulp and preserve the cells at -80°C. Then, we isolated, expanded and characterized in vitro the stem cells after tooth thawing and mechanical fracture. In parallel, we characterized cells extracted from 2 teeth cryopreserved without laser piercing and from 4 non cryopreserved, non laser pierced, freshly fractured teeth. Our data demonstrate that DPSC isolated from laser pierced cryopreserved teeth show mesenchymal stem cells morphology, immunophenotype, viability and proliferation rate similar to those of cells isolated from fresh, non cryopreserved teeth, whereas significant loss of cell viability and proliferation rate was shown by cells isolated from teeth cryopreserved without laser piercing. These data support the use of this method for prospective whole tooth banking.

  6. Reduced frequency of nickel allergy upon oral nickel contact at an early age

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Hoogstraten, I M; Andersen, Klaus Ejner; Von Blomberg, B M

    1991-01-01

    From animal studies we know that oral administration of T-dependent antigens before sensitization effectively induces systemic immune unresponsiveness. Such 'oral tolerance' is persistent, dose-dependent, antigen-specific and presumably T suppressor cell-mediated. Oral tolerance induction could...... the feasibility of oral prevention of undesired T cell-mediated immunity in man. Potentially tolerizing (oral nickel contacts via orthodontic braces) as well as sensitizing (ear piercing) events were studied retrospectively in 2176 patients attending nine European patch test clinics. Patients were interviewed...... by means of a confidential questionnaire. The results show that ear piercing strongly favoured development of nickel ACH. More importantly, patients having had oral contacts with nickel-releasing appliances (dental braces) at an early age, but only if prior to ear piercing, showed a reduced frequency...

  7. The Context of Body Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Clerici

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study analyses factors associated with the propensity for piercing and tattooing among adolescents, from a survey conducted in 2007 in high schools in the Veneto Region (Northeast Italy. After some descriptive analyses, multinomial logistic regression models were applied to identify what predicts the practice of, interest in, or indifference to piercing and tattooing. Results show gender differences in the approach to body modification: For girls, body art is considered a mainstream activity involving younger cohorts; piercing and tattooing become a way of increasing their own body satisfaction. For boys, factors connected with the propensity for these practices are a low cultural background and the importance given to physical appearance. For both boys and girls, a significant aspect in defining attitudes toward body art practices is the values system: Values such as enjoyment, beauty, and youth, are found to be closely connected with a high propensity for these practices.

  8. Heat transfer augmentation along the tube wall of a louvered fin heat exchanger using practical delta winglets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lawson, Michael J.; Thole, Karen A. [Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering Department, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

    2008-05-15

    Delta winglets are known to induce the formation of streamwise vortices and increase heat transfer between a working fluid and the surface on which the winglets are placed. This study investigates the use of delta winglets to augment heat transfer on the tube surface of louvered fin heat exchangers. It is shown that delta winglets placed on louvered fins produce augmentations in heat transfer along the tube wall as high as 47% with a corresponding increase of 19% in pressure losses. Manufacturing constraints are considered in this study whereby piercings in the louvered fins resulting from stamping the winglets into the louvered fins are simulated. Comparisons of measured heat transfer coefficients with and without piercings indicate that piercings reduce average heat transfer augmentations, but significant increases still occur with respect to no winglets present. (author)

  9. Rehabilitation of Nose following Chemical Burn Using CAD/CAM Made Substructure for Implant Retained Nasal Prosthesis: A Clinical Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saurabh Chaturvedi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Insufficient knowledge of medical chemicals and their improper use have destructive effects. Accidental exposure to chemicals on facial tissue may result in large facial defect. For ages the tradition of piercing nose is common but improper use of unknown chemical for piercing has deleterious effect. Mostly rhinectomy defects are acquired caused by trauma or malignant diseases. Prosthetic rehabilitation is the preferred treatment of choice for any large rhinectomy defects as medical and surgical interventions are ineffective in developing esthetics. Main concern with the prosthesis for such defects is retention. This article describes rehabilitation of a patient with large size nasal defect created by chemical burn in childhood during piercing. Implant retained customized silicone nasal prosthesis was fabricated using simple O-ring attachments and innovative modified polyamide acrylic resin substructure acting as skeleton.

  10. Awareness of health risks related to body art practices among youth in Naples, Italy: a descriptive convenience sample study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mastronuzzi Roberto

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Body art practices have emerged as common activities among youth, yet few studies have investigated awareness in different age groups of possible health complications associated with piercing and tattooing. Methods We investigated perceptions of and knowledge about health risks. To highlight differences among age groups, we gathered data from students at high schools and universities in the province of Naples. Results Of 9,322 adolescents, 31.3% were pierced and 11.3% were tattooed. Of 3,610 undergraduates, 33% were pierced and 24.5% were tattooed (p Conclusions Results indicate a need for adequate information on health risks associated with body art among students in Naples, mainly among high school students. Therefore, adolescents should be targeted for public health education programs.

  11. Effect of tempering time on the ballistic performance of a high strength armour steel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pradipta Kumar Jena

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The investigation describes and analyses the effect of tempering time on the mechanical and ballistic performance of a high strength armour steel. The steel is subjected to tempering at 300 °C for 2, 24 and 48 h. A marginal variation in strength and hardness is observed with increase in tempering time, whereas ductility and Charpy impact values are found to be decreasing. Ballistic performance of the samples are evaluated by impacting 7.62 mm and 12.7 mm armour piercing projectiles at 0° angle of impact. Results show a small variation in the ballistic performance when impacted with 7.62 mm armour piercing projectile. A decrease in ballistic performance of the material is observed with increasing tempering time when impacted with 12.7 mm armour piercing ammunition.

  12. Judge upholds jury award over employer's HIV disclosure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-06-30

    A Federal judge has refused to overturn or reduce a jury's $125,000 award to a Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) employee who said his privacy was invaded when his superiors learned he was taking an AIDS medication. The employee, known as John Doe, charged that Judith Pierce, the chief administrative officer of SEPTA, looked at the records of the agency's prescription drug plan to confirm her suspicions that he had HIV. Pierce, who claimed drug report review was part of her job in controlling costs, contended that she wanted to make sure the plan's new administrator, Rite-Aid Corp., was charging the right prices for prescriptions. The judge agreed with the jury that Pierce went far beyond her role as auditor of the drug plan when she asked Rite-Aid to link individuals' names to specific prescriptions and then informed Doe's supervisor, associate, and another employee about Doe's AIDS medication.

  13. All hail the new flesh: some thoughts on scarification, children and adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oultram, S

    2009-10-01

    Body art as expressed through non-therapeutic bodily modification is extremely popular, with techniques ranging from the commonplace such as ear piercing to the more esoteric forms such as tongue splitting. Scarification is one such body art practice that is becoming popular as an alternative to tattooing and ear piercing. This paper begins by outlining the regulatory problems that scarification poses. It then goes on to argue that although there is a reasonable case for permitting competent adults to make use of scarification, the practice should not be made available to minors.

  14. Mortality in persons with multiple sclerosis in the Seattle and Los Angeles areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malmgren, R M; Dudley, J P; Visscher, B R; Valdiviezo, N L; Clark, V A; Detels, R

    1981-11-06

    Case-mortality and survival rates of more than 2,000 prevalent cases of multiple sclerosis (MS) residing in either Los Angeles County, California, or King and Pierce Counties, Washington, and followed up for 105 months, are reported. Case-mortality at the end 105 months was 16.9% of the total group. All age and sex groups had a lower survival rate than the US general population; this difference was especially pronounced in the high-disability groups. There was a trend toward higher case-mortality in high-disability Los Angeles County patients when compared with high-disability patients from King and Pierce Counties.

  15. A Test of the Calibration of the Tully-Fisher Relation Using Cepheid and SNIa Distances

    OpenAIRE

    Shanks, T.

    1997-01-01

    We make a direct test of Tully-Fisher distance estimates to eleven spiral galaxies with HST Cepheid distances and to twelve spiral galaxies with SNIa distances. The HST Cepheid distances come from the work of Freedman (1997), Sandage et al (1996) and Tanvir et al (1995). The SNIa distances come from Pierce (1994), calibrated using the Cepheid results of Sandage et al (1996). The Tully-Fisher distances mostly come from the work of Pierce (1994). The results show that the Tully-Fisher distance ...

  16. United States Air Force Statistical Digest, Fiscal Year 1951. Sixth Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    1952-11-18

    Forcea Typo of IoIun1tlons I Rounds I TonaRounds TOM Round. I TonS Rouocla TOM 30 SEPT?1a3ER 1950 Armor Piercing Bomba - - - - - - 1,000 Ibs...1,600 ~ba - - - - - - Semi-Apnor Piercing Bomba - - 498 1.ɜ - - 500 lbo - - 3𔃽 176 - - 1,000 Ib3 w w Fragmentation Bomba ~ ~ :loo Iba ~ ~ 3𔃽 44...41bax90 > > - - - - - - General Purpose Bomba < < , 100 Lbe J.327 166 2,845 l42 30,543 1,527 250 Iba - - 1,793 224 1,117 1JJ) ,500 lbo

  17. The group of homomorphisms of abelian torsion groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. W. Legg

    1979-01-01

    Full Text Available Let G and A be abelian torsion groups. In[5], R. S. Pierce develops a complete set of invariants for Hom(G, A. To compute these invariants he introduces, and uses extensively, the group of small homomorphisms of G into A. Also, using some of Pierce's methods, Fuchs characterizes this group in [1]. Our purpose in this paper is to characterize Hom(G, A in what seems to be a more natural manner than either of the treatments just mentioned.

  18. Perforation of metal sheets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steenstrup, Jens Erik

    The main purposes of this project are:1. Development of a dynamic model for the piercing and performation process2. Analyses of the main parameters3. Establishing demands for process improvements4. Expansion of the existing parameter limitsThe literature survey describes the process influence...... of several parameters. The survey is focused on evaluating the parameter effects using different result parameters. Further, the possibilities of parameter optimisation are described.Simulation of the process is developed on the basis of existing literature involving the piercing operation. Process...

  19. The current status of immunotoxins: an overview of experimental and clinical studies as presented at the Third International Symposium on Immunotoxins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uckun, F M; Frankel, A

    1993-02-01

    The Third International Symposium on Immunotoxins was held on June 19-21, 1992 in Orlando, Florida. This symposium was sponsored by NATO, NIH, Pierce Chemical Company, Walt Disney Cancer Institute at Florida Hospital, Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center, Xoma, Immunogen, Seragen, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Chiron, Ortho Biotech, Upjohn, Merck Sharp & Dohme Research Laboratories, Abbot Laboratories, Lilly Research Laboratories, and Evans & Sutherland. The Pierce Immunotoxin Award which recognizes outstanding contributions to immunotoxin research and development, was presented to Drs David FitzGerald, Fatih Uckun, David Eisenberg, and Ira Wool, for their contributions to the immunotoxin field.

  20. Bootstrap Power of Time Series Goodness of fit tests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sohail Chand

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we looked at power of various versions of Box and Pierce statistic and Cramer von Mises test. An extensive simulation study has been conducted to compare the power of these tests. Algorithms have been provided for the power calculations and comparison has also been made between the semi parametric bootstrap methods used for time series. Results show that Box-Pierce statistic and its various versions have good power against linear time series models but poor power against non linear models while situation reverses for Cramer von Mises test. Moreover, we found that dynamic bootstrap method is better than xed design bootstrap method.