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Sample records for penser le genre

  1. Penser la guerre à partir des femmes et du genre : l’exemple de la Grande Guerre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Françoise Thébaud

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Françoise Thébaud, en posant la question de savoir comment le genre structure les politiques de guerre, présente une intervention qui fait le point sur la « barbarisation » de la guerre dans le cadre de l’histoire du genre, à partir de la mise en évidence du passage du problème de l’émancipation, ou de l’autonomisation (cf. travaux des années 1960-1970, des femmes à celui de la réflexion plus récente sur la violence de guerre (depuis les années 1980 qui conteste la thèse de la guerre « émancipatrice » (si provisoire et superficielle qu’ait été cette émancipation. Dans ce cadre-là, la guerre en ex-Yougoslavie a pu jouer un rôle d’accélérateur de la prise de conscience du caractère très relatif de l’émancipation des femmes par la guerre des hommes. Certains historiens récents de la Première Guerre mondiale en viennent à travailler sur la culture de guerre qui serait le fondement d’une « brutalisation » du conflit au nom d’une « ethnicisation » de l’ennemi. Leurs thèses sont contestées par ceux qui rejettent l’idée d’un simple consentement à la guerre au profit d’un mélange complexe de contraintes, fraternité, patriotisme et refusent que la « culture de guerre » prenne le pas sur les autres cultures pré-existantes. La place des femmes et du genre dans la guerre est d’abord abordée par F. Thébaud à la lumière d’une double mythologie sexualisée (l’équation pureté nationale/pureté sexuelle et la féminisation de l’ennemi comme décadent et de l’autre mythe de la femme « naturellement » pacifiste en tant que mère potentielle. Or, les féministes ont adhéré massivement à l’effort de guerre et l’internationalisme « féministe » s’est effondré. Par ailleurs, la relative « humanisation » du conflit dont sont porteuses les femmes aux armées se fait toujours au service exclusif de la patrie. Dans un dernier volet de son intervention, F

  2. Parasitisme de Dacryodes edulis par le genre Tapinanthus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 août 2013 ... Parasitisme de Dacryodes edulis par le genre. Tapinanthus (Loranthaceae) et répartition de la myrmécofaune associée à Logbessou Plateau. (Douala, Cameroun). Massako F1*, Tchatat M2, Mony R3, Ladoh Yemeda CF1, Dibong SD1,4,5. 1Laboratoire de Biologie et Physiologie des Organismes ...

  3. Les enfants et familles de coupables : le genre du roman familial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franziska Georgii

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article seront passées en revue quelques œuvres littéraires contemporaines françaises et allemandes, écrites par les enfants de la génération de guerre dite coupable. Il s'agit pour la plupart d'enfants de nazis, de collaborateurs plus ou moins actifs, de suiveurs impliqués à des degrés différents dans la machinerie du Troisième Reich durant la Seconde Guerre Mondiale. Il sera question d'explorer la manière dont les deux nations se confrontent au passé obscur de leurs parents et grands-parents et d'étudier le discours intergénérationnel en-deçà d'une pensée purement nationale, en proposant une étude comparative qui tienne compte des ressemblances et des divergences dans le travail de mémoire sur l'histoire familiale. L'imaginaire y représente un outil primordial dans la confrontation au passé, capable de donner voix au vide, aux non-dits, à la douleur, à l'ineffable, tout en proposant un éclairage nouveau sur une époque très étudiée par l'historiographie et arrivant à un certain degré de saturation. A partir d'une étude du genre du « roman familial » et des sous-genres qui s'y rapportent il sera question de penser l'intrication, la synergie entre autobiographie, mémoire et imaginaire dans la mise en œuvre d'un véritable travail de mémoire littéraire.

  4. Les hybridations interspecifiques dans le genre Phaseolus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La réussite de l'introgression de caractères utiles chez le haricot commun P. vulgaris à partir des deux espèces P. coccineus et P. polyanthus dépend en partie des génotypes utilisés. Ce travail vise à identifier des génotypes de Phaseolus compatibles lors des hybridations interspécifiques et à identifier les hybrides issus ...

  5. Alain Caillé, Dé-penser l’économique. Contre le fatalisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Allard

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available IntroductionIl pourrait être tentant de le traiter comme une énième complainte des sciences humaines envers la discipline économique. D’autres y verront le travail rigoureux d’un auteur désirant éclaircir ce qui ne va pas avec l’économique ; un constat que personne ne peut nier. Revient donc aux lecteurs de classer ce plus récent ouvrage d’Alain Caillé qui, sans apporter de théorie nouvelle, comporte des rectifications et des éclaircissements pouvant faire une différence s’ils sont diffusés e...

  6. Interdiction de Genre: La Loi Qui Fait Taire le Corp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Duro Dias

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Cette recherche discute les identités de genre avec la base dans l'analyse du travail La Ley no escrita (2012 d'Oihana Cordero. Le travail de l'artiste plasticien a comme l'objectif provoque la réflexion sur les lois et les normes juridiques-sociales qu'ils existent autour du caractère ficcional et le genre performatife, révélant de nouvelles lectures sur l'acte du corps. C'est un travail sculptural (KRAUSS, 1984, composé par une base blanche, une épée et un groupe de feuilles, dans lesquelles ils sont exprimés, par un contrat de genre, comme ils se prononcent, interseccionam et c'est des interdictions imposées aux possibilités de genre. Comme ceci, les règles et des règlements sont faits la preuve imposés par le binarisme du genre que la force soumet et ils arrêtent des identités pour le compte de la normalisation (normatisation des corps. Pour cette enquête les concepts de genre sont problematize, le corps subjugué, la normativité et de la performance dans le Butler (2012a, 2012b, 2013, Foucault (1997, 1998, 2014, Fraser (2002, 2006, 2009, Scott (2008, Cordero (2012 et Preciado (2011. Cordero (2012, dans son travail, nous présente les copies multiples d'un contrat de papier imprimé a passé par une épée. C'est une métaphore, une forme de représentation dogmatizé du corps par les actes visibles et invisibles qui compose et ils naturalisent les identités de genre dans une dualité obscurantiste homme/femme. Ce travail comme l'objet conceptuel (FREIRE 2006 produit la puissance exprimée pour en plus d'un document légal perforé, elle vise à provoquer les gens de contempler sur leurs pratiques et leurs corps, mais, par-dessus tout, réfléchir comme ces périmètres ont de transgression difficile. Lors de l'analyse de l'intersection possible des identités de genre et un objet artistique dans le domaine juridique est prévu pour gérer des éléments capables de révéler les technologies complexes corporels politiques

  7. Le genre Sivanasua (Lophocyoninae, Hyaenodontidae, Creodonta, Mammalia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morales, J.

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Two upper teeth from the lower Miocene of Le Chêne de Navere (Gers, France are interpreted as MI and M2 of Sivanasua viverroides. The genus is known in Europe by two species. The origin of the Lophocyoninae is re-evaluated. We consider the group as rooted in some African Hyaenodontoid Creodonta.Dos dientes del yacimiento mioceno (MN4b de Chêne de Navere (Gers, Francia se interpretan como MI y M2 de Sivanasua viverroides. El género Sivanasua está representado en Europa por dos especies. El origen de los Lophocyoninae se reconsidera, primero atribuidos a los Ailuridae y después relacionados con los Viverridae, aquí son considerados como emparentados a los Creodontos Hyaenodontidae africanos.

  8. Penser le capitalisme cognitif selon Thorstein Veblen ; connaissance, pouvoir & capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc-André Gagnon

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available L’analyse économique traditionnelle, prisonnière d’une conception productiviste du capital, reste confrontée à ses propres limites lorsqu’il s’agit de rendre compte de la dynamique récente d’accumulation du capital dans une économie du savoir. Toutefois, l’oeuvre économique de Thorstein Bunde Veblen propose une analyse originale plus à même de comprendre les transformations contemporaines du capitalisme en déconnectant capital et productivité. Le capital n’est plus moyen de production, il devient contrôle sur les moyens de production et prend la forme de tout pouvoir socio-institutionnel permettant d’accroître la capacité de revenu des firmes. Après avoir présenté la méthode d’analyse économique inductive de Veblen ainsi que sa conception inductive du capital integrant à la fois les actifs tangibles et intangibles, nous montrerons comment la théorie du capital de Veblen intègre la notion de pouvoir en économie. Finalement, en recourant à la théorie véblénienne du capital, nous montrerons que les transformations structurelles de l’économie contemporaine ont moins à voir avec l’émergence de nouvelles formes de productivité qu’avec l’émergence de nouvelles formes de contrôles sur le savoir et la collectivité en général.Standard theories in economics are trapped in a productivist concept of capital and are facing their own limits when it comes the time to account for the dynamics of capital accumulation in a knowledge-based economy. The works of Thorstein Bunde Veblen, however, offer an original approach to account for the recent transformations of the capitalist system by disconnecting capital and productivity. Capital is no longer understood as “means of production”; instead, it becomes control over the means of production, and it takes the form of any socio-institutional power that increases firms’ earning-capacity. After introducing Veblen’s inductive method for economic

  9. Genre.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Lévy

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Depuis quelques années, le mot « genre » tend à remplacer le mot « sexe » dans les sciences sociales francophones. Pour une part, ce changement est probablement plus justifié en anglais, pour lequel le mot «  sex  » renvoie plus exclusivement qu’en français à la sexualité ( to have sex = faire l’amour. L’engouement francophone s’explique cependant, pour l’essentiel, par la même motivation que celui des anglophones : montrer que les différences observées dans ...

  10. Le genre, variable centrale de la violence sociale ?

    OpenAIRE

    Ayral , Sylvie; Raibaud , Yves

    2010-01-01

    Le but de cet article n'est pas de savoir si le genre est une variable centrale de la violence sociale mais comment cette hypothèse (qui induit la possibilité d'un changement social) est réfutée et quelles connaissances sont mobilisées à cet effet. Il s'agit d'identifier les modèles récurrents mis en œuvre par les « membres » (par exemple la communauté scientifique des sciences humaines et sociales) lorsqu'ils.elles examinent le sens de ces modèles par l'observation de « ce que les gens font ...

  11. De quoi le genre est-il le nom ?

    OpenAIRE

    Andrieu, Bernard

    2013-01-01

    Cette note de lecture présente une courte évolution des travaux sur le genre sous l’angle du rapport au corps en démontrant comment la dénaturalisation du corps et du sexe biologique a conduit à une description culturaliste des fonctions individuelles et des rôles sociaux. Si le genre dénaturalise le corps c’est en refusant toute référence au sexe ou à la sexualité en tant qu’ils seraient des données naturelles. Depuis son apparition en 1947, sous la plume de John Money, psychologue chargé du...

  12. Le genre en jeu. De la construction du genre dans les interactions en tennis de table

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rémi Richard

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available À travers le cas d’un groupe de pongistes, cet article s’attache à mettre au jour les processus de construction du genre dans une pratique sportive mixte. À partir des propositions américaines des gender studies et plus particulièrement la notion de performativité qui replace l’individu au centre du processus de construction sociale de la réalité, nous allons tenter de saisir les procédés mis en œuvre par ces sportifs pour produire des normes de genre. Les observations et les entretiens réalisés montrent que tous les éléments de la situation sportive constituent une occasion de « faire » le genre : l’espace, les temps sportifs, la logique de l’activité et, bien sûr, les discours des sportifs sont mis au service d’une masculinisation du tennis de table.Gender game. About the construction of gender in the interactions in table tennisThrough the case of a group of table tennis players, this article attempts to bring to light the processes of gender construction in a mixed sports practice. From the American propositions of gender studies, and more particularly the concept of performativity which replaces the individual in the center of the process of social construction of the reality, we are going to try to seize the strategies implemented by these table tennis players to produce norms of gender. The observations and interviews realized show that all the elements of the sport situation are an opportunity "to do" gender: space, time, logic of the activity and of course speeches of the players service a masculinizing of table tennis.El género en juego. La construcción del género en las interacciones en el tenis de mesaA través el caso de un grupo de tenistas de mesa, este artículo tiene como objeto el poner en evidencia los procesos de construcción de género en una actividad deportiva mixta. A partir de las proposiciones americanas de los gender studies y en particular la noción de «performatividad» que

  13. Le sens des mots : le vocabulaire du genre en Espagne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofía Rodríguez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article dresse le bilan des études de genre menées en Espagne et revient sur les concepts-clé ayant orienté la recherche dans ce domaine. Il montre la relation entre l´évolution du féminisme théorique et l´apparition progressive d´un vocabulaire qui défini les femmes comme des sujets politiques. Si les relations de pouvoir sont l´épicentre des catégories structurant l´analyse historique, la violence, les demandes sociales et le matérialisme traversent la société civile et s’inscrivent dans l´agenda des États. L´avenir, néanmoins, s’accompagne de nouveaux défis et dialogues interculturels qui, sans aucun doute, transformeront le discours des femmes et le langage des genres au XXIe siècle.In these lines there is an account of gender studies in Spain and the key concepts on which this research has pivoted. The aim of this article is to show the relationship between the evolution of feminist theory and the gradual emergence of a vocabulary that explain women as political subjects. If power relationships are the epicenter of the categories of historical analysis, violence, social demands and maternalism are on the street and the agendas of state. But the future brings new challenges and intercultural dialogue, no doubt, will expand or transform the discourse of women and gender language in the XXI century.En estas líneas se hace balance de los estudios de género en España, así como los conceptos clave sobre los que la ha pivotado la investigación. El objetivo del artículo es mostrar la relación entre la evolución del feminismo teórico y la progresiva aparición de un vocabulario que explica a las mujeres como sujetos políticos. Si las relaciones de poder son el epicentro de las categorías de análisis histórico, la violencia, las demandas sociales y el maternalismo están en la calle y las agendas de Estado. Pero el futuro trae consigo nuevos retos y diálogos interculturales que, sin duda, habrán de

  14. Recherches d’anatomie comparée sur le genre Stenops d’Illiger

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schroeder van der Kolk, J.L.C.; Vrolik, W.

    1851-01-01

    Le genre Stenops D’Illiger contient des animaux fort curieux, qui, malgré les savantes recherches de plusieurs naturalistes, ne sont qu’imparfaitement connus. Aux observations disséminées dans les ouvrages anatomiques de Cuvier, de Meckel et de Tiedemann, chacun de nous a tâché, il y a quelque

  15. Le genre des communiqués sur Internet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strunck, Jeanne

    2004-01-01

    , de la radio, de la télé-vision et de l'Internet composent le point de départ des analyses présentées.Même si les contributions se différencient au premier abord, donnant la prépondérance aux notions telles que la polyphonie, la rhétorique, l'argumentation, l'intertextualité et la métaphore, les...

  16. Le genre comme rapport d’inégalité sociale dans le discours publicitaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Claude Soulages

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Loin de se réduire à une simple transaction commerciale, une annonce publicitaire est un espace de croyances sur des identités, des rôles et des pratiques sociales. Au même titre que d’autres productions fictionnelles de la culture de masse, elle représente l’une des faces de ce miroir social alimenté par la circulation incessante d’attitudes et de croyances, affichant même s’il s’agit bien souvent pour cette dernière d’un positionnement ludique, un second monde peuplé par nos avatars. La publicité tout comme le fait la fiction télévisée définit l’horizon des possibles d’une communauté donnée. Ce qu’elles réalisent toutes deux c’est l’entrée de l’imaginaire dans le réel. Même si, à partir des années 70, s’opère un lent défigement des stéréotypes sexistes, le publicitaire ne se fera aucunement le porte-parole explicite d’une quelconque lutte féministe, il optera toujours pour une tactique ambivalente de double speak: des effets de décadrage mettant en exergue des situations délibérément décalées ou burlesques (Un homme qui change les couches de bébé! Un clown qui fait la lessive!, mais cristallisant des inégalités de rôles. En jouant tout à la fois sur le défigement et la réactivation des stéréotypes, c’est bien un rôle de passeur et de go between, qu’est assigné le publicitaire en se faisant l’arbitre ventriloque de ces conflits de légitimité et de construction identitaire qui agitent notre modernité.

  17. « Le brassage des choses » : Autobiographie et mélange des genres dans Le Labyrinthe du Monde de Marguerite Yourcenar

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Woerkum, C.C.M. van

    2007-01-01

    In writing her autobiographic trilogy "Le Labyrinthe du Monde" the French author Marguerite Yourcenar (1903-1987) constantly postpone writing about her own life. In stead of autobiography, she uses other genres such as family chronics, biography, essay or novel. Yourcenar refuses to reveal essential

  18. Miser, dépenser ou gaspiller ? Étude sur la relation entre l’argent, le jeu et l’addiction dans la vie moderne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna Järvinen-Tassopoulos

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Le but de cette étude est de comprendre la relation complexe qui peut se nouer entre l’argent, le jeu et l’addiction dans la vie moderne. La conception de l’argent varie selon les significations données, les époques et les lieux. L’argent altère l’essence du jeu en y faisant entrer le défi du risque. Le fait de gagner de l’argent en jouant a souvent partagé les opinions : la séparation du jeu et du travail se base sur des croyances chrétiennes, mais aussi sur l’ambivalence dont le jeu a été doté dans la Modernité. La dépendance à l’habitude de jouer transforme l’usage et la valeur de l’argent chez les joueurs pathologiques. La dépense devient un jeu de gaspillage et la dépendance un outrage à la raison des joueurs. L’addiction est un mot-clé qui représenterait un dérangement dans la vie moderne : de nos jours, la dépendance est devenu un problème multiforme, car son développement n’est plus tributaire de l’usage des substances, mais souvent latent dans les habitudes quotidiennes (cf. les jeux, l’Internet, les achats.

  19. Le genre Tunga Jarocki, 1838 (Siphonaptera : Tungidae. I – Taxonomie, phylogénie, écologie, rôle pathogène

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beaucournu J.-C.

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Pour la première fois, les 12 espèces actuellement décrites dans le genre Tunga sont étudiées sur le plan de la taxonomie et de la répartition. Divers aspects de leur biologie et leur rôle pathogène sont également envisagés, et en particulier leur phylogénie, leur chorologie, leur phénologie, leur sexe-ratio et leurs dermecos.

  20. Le genre Tunga Jarocki, 1838 (Siphonaptera : Tungidae). I – Taxonomie, phylogénie, écologie, rôle pathogène

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaucournu, J.-C.; Degeilh, B.; Mergey, T.; Muñoz-Leal, S.; González-Acuña, D.

    2012-01-01

    Pour la première fois, les 12 espèces actuellement décrites dans le genre Tunga sont étudiées sur le plan de la taxonomie et de la répartition. Divers aspects de leur biologie et leur rôle pathogène sont également envisagés, et en particulier leur phylogénie, leur chorologie, leur phénologie, leur sexe-ratio et leurs dermecos. PMID:23193514

  1. écrivain-e. Par-delà le genre – par-delà le corps ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Chamayou-Kuhn

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose d’étudier la relation qu’entretiennent, d’une part, le langage et le corps et, d’autre part, la parole et l’identité sexuelle dans Die Kränkung d’Evelyn Schlag et Der Tod und das Mädchen : III (Rosamunde ; V (Die Wand d’Elfriede Jelinek. Malgré les divergences de ton que présentent ces oeuvres, qui appartiennent à deux genres littéraires différents, il semble permis de centrer l’analyse sur une problématique commune : le personnage de « l’écrivain-e » parvient-il à saisir son propre corps ? Dans cette perspective, nous nous appuyons sur la critique formulée par Judith Butler à l’égard de la psychanalyse lacanienne, tout en considérant sa théorie sur la construction discursive du corps. Trois thématiques peuvent être développées : la dialectique de « l’in-visibilité » féminine, les processus de matérialisation du corps et la pratique subversive de la mascarade en tant qu’elle met en évidence certains mécanismes d’aliénation dans le cadre d’une genèse du corps et de l’écriture. Aussi peut-on affirmer que le drame du corps investi symboliquement sous-tend ces œuvres : l’écrivain-e tente de s’extraire de l’ordre symbolique et de saper les fondements des catégories constitutives de l’identité que sont le désir, le sexe biologique (sex et l’identité sexuelle (gender. Si les processus d’écriture laissent envisager un dépassement de l’offense narcissique et de la maladie dans Die Kränkung, un tel dénouement paraît exclu dans l’univers jelinekien : ses « héroïnes », qui évoluent comme autant de fantômes du signifiant, entament une éternelle danse de mort.Untersucht wird im folgenden Artikel – anhand der Texte Die Kränkung von Evelyn Schlag und Der Tod und das Mädchen III (Rosamunde und V (Die Wand von Elfriede Jelinek – das Verhältnis von Sprache zum Körper sowie die Beziehung zwischen Sprechen und

  2. Guerre et genre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrice Virgili

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ce mémoire d’habilitation à diriger des recherches comprend, sous le titre « Guerre et genre », trois volumes. Le rapport de synthèse (volume 3 retrace le parcours personnel et intellectuel de l’auteur autour de trois axes : Identités de genre et guerre, violence en temps de guerre, historiographie du genre. Le recueil (volume 2 comprend dix articles significatifs de ces thématiques. Enfin, le mémoire inédit (volume 1 porte sur les enfants nés de couple franco‑allemands pendant la Seconde ...

  3. Penser Système : Découvrir nos modèles d'organisation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bryan, B.; Goodman, M.; Schaveling, J.

    2011-01-01

    Pourquoi le travail s’accumule-t-il sur nos bureaux alors que nous travaillons de plus en plus? Parfois « nos solutions » aggravent nos problèmes. Comment pouvons-nous éviter ces paradoxes ? Penser système donne de nouvelles perspectives dans des situations complexes. Cela vous permettra de

  4. Penser la musique, Écouter les images. Lectures de Cahiers d’art, Jazz et Documents sur le jazz et le cinéma américains

    OpenAIRE

    Turquety, Diane

    2017-01-01

    De 1926 à 1931, les revues d’art ou plus largement d’actualité intellectuelle, Cahiers d’art, Jazz et Documents, couvrent de façon inédite l’actualité du jazz et du cinéma américains, notamment. Sous le signe du populaire, de l’Amérique et d’un apport « exotique » incarné par la communauté noire américaine, ces spectacles sont hissés en de nouvelles références artistiques vecteurs d’une modernité idéale. Le jazz et le cinéma parlant deviennent alors, progressivement et selon des orientations ...

  5. Le poids du mot genre dans les revendications de « l’écriture inclusive »

    OpenAIRE

    Selosse, Philippe

    2018-01-01

    For gender studies, concord with masculine gender refl ects sexism. This paper defi nes the signifi cation of the French word genre as a formal category, with a marking function in sentences, which has nothing to do with sex. Grammatical gender in language is arbitrary and artifi cial, as many historical examples can demonstrate, except among the prototypical group of animated and sexed beings. As the nomenclature of genders « masculin vs féminin » (masculine vs feminine gender) is the conseq...

  6. LES VIOLENCES BASÉES SUR LE GENRE AU SÉNÉGAL : LA ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ne permettent ni de cerner, ni de mieux comprendre l'ampleur du phénomène, ses causes profondes et ... qu'offrent les TIC. Une telle approche a aussi bien le mérite de déterminer les causes profondes qui per- mettent de réfléchir et proposer des solutions dura- bles dans le sens d'une transformation sociale que.

  7. Capitalisation du temps et différenciation par le genre

    OpenAIRE

    Thoemmes , Jens; Thébault , Claire; Flautre , Anne

    1999-01-01

    18p.; International audience; En instituant un dispositif dénommé " Compte-épargne-temps " (CET), la loi française relative à l'amélioration de la participation des salariés dans l'entreprise du 27 juillet 1994 visait d'une part, à favoriser le développement de l'emploi par la prise d'un congé d'au moins 6 mois, et d'autre part, à permettre la distribution des gains de productivité aux salariés sous forme de temps libre indemnisé. Le dispositif a pour objet de permettre aux salariés d'accumul...

  8. Introduction aux études sur le genre. - 2e éd. revue et augm.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bereni, L.; Chauvin, S.; Jaunait, A.; Revillard, A.

    2012-01-01

    Pourquoi offre-t-on des poupées aux filles et des voitures aux garçons ? Pourquoi les femmes gagnent-elles moins que les hommes ? Comment expliquer qu’elles effectuent les deux tiers du travail domestique ? Pourquoi est-ce si mal vu pour un homme d’être efféminé ? Le pouvoir est-il intrinsèquement

  9. Le statut du genre Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet, 1816. Barbus Kahajani proposé comme nom de substitution pour Barbus tetrazona Bleeker, 1857, un homonyme secondaire de Barbus tetrazona Bleeker, 1955

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoedeman, J.J.

    1958-01-01

    Il existe encore une grande confusion au sujet du nom de genre correct s’appliquant à beaucoup de petits barbeaux de l’Inde orientale, lesquels, à juste titre, semble-t-il, ne devraient pas être maintenus dans le vieux genre Barbus. Pour ces espèces, et en particulier pour les espèces asiatiques, on

  10. Le genre, le récit et le corps : « Aucun de nous ne reviendra » de Charlotte Delbo et « L’espèce humaine » de Robert Antelme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silke Segler-Meßner

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available L'article présente une relecture du premier volume de la Trilogie d’Auschwitz, Aucun de nous ne reviendra, de Charlotte Delbo dans une perspective du genre (dans le sens double de « genre littéraire » et de « gender » visant à analyser l’influence de la conscience d´être femme sur la mise en scène de la voix narrative ainsi que sur la présentation du monde concentrationnaire. Loin des généralisations stéréotypées, telles que la supposition d’une plus grande force morale dans le groupe des détenues féminines ou d’une plus grande solidarité entre les femmes l’article focalise les procédés narratifs et les images évoquées par le texte de Delbo qui sera comparé ensuite au récit L’espèce humaine de Robert Antelme. Dans la mesure où Charlotte Delbo et Robert Antelme s’obstinent à faire une histoire de leur expérience, il devient impossible d’associer leurs textes à un genre et, par conséquent, la lecture est contaminée par les effets d’une voix qui ne peut plus être située dans un cadre fixe ou un lieu concret. Ce « Je » qui parle appartient à un corps féminin ou masculin qui garde la mémoire traumatique et qui, en se transformant en un « nous », fonctionne comme un écran pour la souffrance et la mort des autres. Il reste alors à analyser les liens (secrets entre voix narrative, corps et genre, non pour rétablir le contexte biographique mais pour faire voir la naissance d’un sujet qui parle et qui, dans sa vulnérabilité, s’expose au regard des autres.

  11. Impact du BAO électronique sur l’intention d’achat du consommateur:Lele modérateur de l’âge et du genre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manel Hamouda

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Les variables sociodémographiques tels que l’âge et le genre sont considérées comme des variables très importantes en comportement du consommateur que ce soit dans un contexte réel ou dans un environnement virtuel. A cet égard, cette recherche se propose d’étudier lele de l’âge et du genre dans la relation entre l’intention d’achat du consommateur et le Bouche à oreille électronique (BAO électronique. Les données utilisées dans cette recherche ont été collectées à travers une étude empirique menée sur un échantillon de 204 internautes. Les résultats indiquent que le genre et l’âge constituent deux variables susceptibles de modérer l’intention d’achat du consommateur suite à une exposition à un BAO électronique. Les implications inhérentes pour les chercheurs ainsi que pour les praticiens ont été par ailleurs suggérées.

  12. Femmes, genre et violence

    OpenAIRE

    Castan-Vicente, Florys; Benevent, Laurie

    2016-01-01

    Le présent article s’attache à comparer deux ouvrages sur la violence et les femmes, parus à quinze ans d’intervalle : De la violence et des femmes (1997) et Penser la violence des femmes (2012). Il s’agira de dégager de cette comparaison des conclusions sur l’évolution, entre ces deux dates, de ce champ d’étude, très neuf lors de la parution du premier ouvrage, et ayant connu un développement important par la suite.

  13. Le droit musulman en pratique : genre, filiation et bioéthique Islamic Jurisprudence in Practice: Gender, Filiation and Bioethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corinne Fortier

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Les modifications récentes des Codes de statut personnel ou pénal de certains pays musulmans qui touchent en particulier au mariage, au divorce, à l’adultère et aux crimes d’honneur réinterrogent les notions fondamentales que sont la dot, le lien conjugal, l’autorité des hommes, le contrôle de la sexualité des femmes. De plus, les réformes législatives liées à « l’adoption », aux procréations médicalement assistées, au désaveu et à la reconnaissance de paternité, à l’usage de tests ADN, font apparaître le rapport du biologique et du social dans la détermination de la filiation en islam. Par ailleurs, les nouvelles questions de bioéthique comme la contraception, l’avortement, ou encorele don d’organes, ont amené les juristes musulmans à émettre des avis juridiques (fatâwâ sur ces questions inédites en puisant leurs réponses dans l’esprit des textes de droit musulman classique. Le droit musulman (fiqh loin d’être intangible et immuable, comme on a tendance à le penser, se situe dans une dynamique pragmatique et évolutive permanente ainsi que le montre la diversité des avis juridiques produits par les juristes musulmans sur des questions sans cesse renouvelées.Recent modifications of personal status and of penal codes in some Muslim countries question fundamental patriarchal ideas and practices about marriage such as bridewealth, conjugal relations, male authority and sexual control of women. These modifications specifically concern weddings, divorce, adultery, and honor crimes. Furthermore, legislative reforms connected to «adoption», medically assistedprocreation, denial or recognition of paternity, use of genetic tests, illustrate the relation of biological and social in the determination of filiation in Islam. Besides, new questions of bioethics such as contraception, abortion, or organ donation, have led Muslim jurists to express legal opinions (fatâwâ on these new questions while

  14. Stérilités mâle et femelle dans le genre Vitis. I. Modélisation de leur hérédité

    OpenAIRE

    CARBONNEAU , Alain

    1983-01-01

    En fonction de données nouvelles concernant les caractères sexuels dans le genre Vitis, en particulier la preuve de l’apparition de mâles dans des descendances de croisements entre hermaphrodites, une modélisation générale de l’hérédité des stérilités mâle et femelle est développée. Les résultats fournis par le meilleur modèle expliquent les observations effectuées jusqu’à ce jour et mettent en exergue des phénomènes de multiallélisme et d’épistasie.

  15. Agir sur la langue pour agir sur le monde : Micropolitiques linguistiques autogérées du genre dans les brochures libertaires

    OpenAIRE

    Abbou, Julie

    2015-01-01

    La dimension agissante de la langue sur le monde entraîne avec elle, comme un appel d'air, l'action sur la langue elle-même, et l'action sur la langue n'est jamais loin de se faire action politique. Les politiques linguistiques de féminisation en sont un exemple, où l'action politique se concentre sur la catégorisation du genre. Dans de nombreux cas, la politique linguistique se fait planification linguistique, cherchant de nouvelles normes. Dans de nombreux cas, mais pas toujours. Il existe ...

  16. Voyage au cœur d’un futur inconnu : analyse du genre dans le cinéma de science-fiction chinois du nouveau millénaire

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Wei

    2017-01-01

    Cet article étudie le cinéma de science-fiction comme nouveau genre du cinéma chinois. Tout en empruntant largement à son équivalent hollywoodien – costumes, décor, intrigue, caractérisation, effets visuels, et ainsi de suite – le cinéma de science-fiction chinois met rarement en scène les conceptions ou explorations scientifiques qui ont marqué un grand nombre de films de science-fiction ambitieux en Occident. En partie à cause du monopole hollywoodien du genre, les films de science-fiction ...

  17. Genre Anxiety

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alacovska, Ana

    2015-01-01

    This article explores how the concept of genre can enrich our understanding of gender inequality in media industries. All media work takes place within genre-specific production worlds, which seem to be gender-segregated. By examining the gendered and gendering ideology of genres, an outcome...... of genre-gender discursive, historical and cultural crossover, we obtain a holistic view of the complexities of the psycho-biographical gender dynamics of media work. To this end, I trace the ways in which the andocentric genre of travel writing (a genre based on a masculine ideology) causes professional...

  18. Représenter et penser l’affrontement : le magazine Vu face à la Guerre d’Espagne et à la menace d’une deuxième guerre mondiale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Kurkdjian

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Créé en 1928, Vu est un magazine qui confère à la photographie un nouveau rôle. Celle-ci constitue le propos même du magazine. Homme de gauche, son directeur, Lucien Vogel, est un pacifiste convaincu, dont le regard posé sur la période de l’entre-deux-guerres, plus précisément entre 1928 et 1936, est particulièrement intéressant à étudier. Cet article s’attachera à analyser la manière dont Vu couvre la Guerre d’Espagne et rapporte les tensions des années trente, héritées de la Première Guerre mondiale. Dans un premier temps, par l’intermédiaire de photographies et de mises en page destinées à marquer les esprits, Vu tente de prévenir un nouvel affrontement, la crainte d’une nouvelle guerre étant l’obsession de Lucien Vogel. Dans un second temps, lors de la Guerre d’Espagne, Vu prend, dès le début du conflit, fait et cause pour les Républicains espagnols. L’engagement de Lucien Vogel est tel qu’il est limogé par ses administrateurs qui lui reprochent d’avoir médiatisé l'événement avec un certain parti-pris. Ainsi, dans les deux cas, on se demandera jusqu’à quel point l’idéologie politique du directeur du magazine a un impact sur la représentation de cette période de crise et sur l’élaboration de la figure de l’ennemi. On montrera aussi que les nombreuses possibilités offertes par la photographie influencent la façon dont Lucien Vogel appréhende les événements de cette période.   Vu, created in 1928, is a magazine which endows photography with a new role, in that it became the very contents of the magazine. Its director, Lucien Vogel, is a convinced pacifist with left-wing commitments. His point of view on the period of time, in between the two world wars, is particularly interesting. Our article will study how, between 1928 and 1936, Vu reports the tensions inherited from World War I and covers the Spanish War.  In the first place, by means of photographs and eye

  19. Film: Genres and Genre Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bondebjerg, Ib

    2015-01-01

    Genre is a concept used in film studies and film theory to describe similarities between groups of films based on aesthetic or broader social, institutional, cultural, and psychological aspects. Film genre shares similarities in form and style, theme, and communicative function. A film genre...

  20. Le travesti dans le théâtre du xixe siècle : une distribution à contre-genre ?

    OpenAIRE

    Khoury, Camille

    2018-01-01

    Quelques-unes des actrices les plus célèbres du xixe siècle ont laissé à la postérité le souvenir de leurs rôles travestis. C’est notamment le cas de Virginie Déjazet – au point que le déjazet est rapidement devenu synonyme de rôle travesti – ou encore de Sarah Bernhardt. Le travesti est alors un spectacle commun sur les scènes académiques françaises – tandis que certains rôles sont écrits pour être joués en travesti, de grandes actrices s’emparent de rôles masculins pour confronter leur géni...

  1. Compte-rendu de : Isabelle Stengers, Penser avec Whitehead, Paris : Seuil, 2002, 582p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Cassou-Noguès

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available L’ouvrage conjoint un double effort, que résume parfaitement le titre : Penser avec Whitehead. Au départ, l’ouvrage se présente comme un commentaire de l’œuvre de Whitehead. Isabelle Stengers cherche à éclairer les textes, souvent difficiles, de Whitehead et cela par ordre chronologique, pour en particulier analyser le passage de l’épistémologie à la cosmologie et les différentes strates de la cosmologie. Whitehead, qui a rédigé avec Russell les Principia Mathematica, commence son œuvre philo...

  2. Understanding genre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Auken, Sune

    2018-01-01

    of genres tends to naturalize them, thus leading to the question whether teaching genre is a conservative measure whereby the teacher, knowingly or unknowingly, naturalizes existing ideologies and power structures to the students. Drawing on these insights, the second, and shorter, part of the article...

  3. « Penser base-ball »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Marquis

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Vers 1900, les grandes villes américaines se dotèrent d’associations caritatives qui firent du sport l’instrument d’une revitalisation de la nation. Fruit de divers courants intellectuels, cette sportisation des œuvres de bienfaisance toucha directement Brooklyn et « ses » Dodgers. Dès l’inauguration du stade Ebbets Field en 1913 et plus encore à partir de 1943 durant la présidence de Branch Rickey, le club des Dodgers tissa des relations intimes avec les associations caritatives du borough, notamment via sa « Fondation pour le base-ball amateur ». Les œuvres qu’elle supervisait vantaient la pratique du base-ball pour ses bénéfices physiques, mais surtout pour la socialisation qu’elle offrait, perçue comme un antidote aux inquiétudes de l’époque. « Penser base-ball » signifiait bien plus que se concentrer sur les subtilités du jeu. Arme contre la « délinquance juvénile » et le communisme, le base-ball formait l’esprit de futurs citoyens et portait les valeurs que le pays, en recomposition après 1945, célébrait alors. Cette croyance, partagée par un entre-soi d’experts brooklynois de la jeunesse, reflétait et façonnait tout à la fois les attitudes et les représentations, notamment à l’égard des jeunes Africains-Américains, premiers oubliés de l’action caritative du club.Around 1900, large American cities saw the rise of charity organizations that instrumentalized sports to revitalize the nation. An outgrowth of various intellectual movements, the sportization of voluntary organizations directly affected Brooklyn and “its” Dodgers. From the opening of Ebbets Field in 1913, but especially from 1943 during the presidency of Branch Rickey, the Dodgers front-office cultivated strong ties with the borough’s charities via its own Brooklyn Amateur Baseball Foundation. The organizations it supervised lauded baseball for its physical benefits but especially for the socialization it

  4. Genre and ..

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    these connections in a series of articles that each analyzes the relationship between genre and one other central scholarly concept: conversation, rhetoric, categorization, paratext, interpretation etc., with examples spanning from Sherlock Holmes and avantgardistic literature to car commercials. The authors...

  5. Deux livres pour penser les sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Matthey

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Qu’est-ce que la science ? Existe-t-il, entre les différentes disciplines, des éléments qui permettent de parler d’une science au singulier ? Ou le pluriel est-il de rigueur, l’éclatement des traditions et habitudes de recherche nécessitant que l’on parle plutôt de sciences ? Quel est le rapport que la pratique scientifique entretient avec le réel ? Les théories que livrent les chercheurs décrivent-elles un monde externe ? Ne font-elles que cela ? On bien faut-il voir ces théories comme des «...

  6. Penser localement, agir globalement : Comment la recherche ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 avr. 2018 ... Les Prix Canada Gairdner reconnaissent les scientifiques du domaine biomédical les plus créatifs et accomplis du monde qui font progresser l'humanité et le monde. Joignez-vous au Dr Cesar Victora pour une discussion intéressante sur les liens entre la recherche locale et les politiques mondiales.

  7. What genre theory does

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jack

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To provide a small overview of genre theory and its associated concepts and to show how genre theory has had its antecedents in certain parts of the social sciences and not in the humanities. Findings The chapter argues that the explanatory force of genre theory may be explained with its...... emphasis on everyday genres, de facto genres. Originality/value By providing an overview of genre theory, the chapter demonstrates the wealth and richness of forms of explanations in genre theory....

  8. Peut-on penser le travail par le don ? Présentation du débat Conceptualising work as a gift. Debate presentation ¿Es posible pensar el trabajo a través del don ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lionel Jacquot

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Depuis la parution du traité de Georges Friedmann et Pierre Naville il y a cinquante ans, la sociologie du travail a toujours cherché à comprendre, sous leurs divers aspects, toutes les communautés humaines qui se constituent à l’occasion du travail. Elle s’y est attachée en introduisant dans son champ une très riche variété de paradigmes et en acceptant par là même les conflits théoriques. C’est dans cet esprit d’ouverture et de débat que le premier dossier Chorus de la Nouvelle Revue du Travail est consacré à la mise en œuvre du paradigme du don en matière de sociologie du travail. Alain Caillé, le principal animateur du Mouvement Anti-Utilitariste en Sciences Sociales (MAUSS et Norbert Alter, le contributeur essentiel d’inspiration maussienne pour la sociologie du travail et des organisations, reviennent dans deux textes inédits sur les vertus heuristiques de la théorie du don contre-don pour appréhender le monde du travail et ses mutations. La NRT ouvre ensuite le débat avec ces deux auteurs.Since Georges Friedmann and Pierre Naville’s seminal treatise was first published 50 years ago, the sociology of work has always tried to understand the full range of human communities that arise when work occurs, under all of their different aspects. It has tried to achieve this by introducing a very wide variety of paradigms into the field and by addressing any ancillary theoretical conflicts. It is in this spirit of openness and debate that the first Chorus file in the Nouvelle Revue du Travail (NRT looks at how the gift paradigm has been implemented in the sociology of work. Alain Caillé, one of the main drivers behind the “Anti-Utilitarian Social Sciences Movement” (Mouvement anti-utilitariste en sciences sociales, MAUSS – along with Norbert Alter, a leading Maussian figurehead in the sociology of work and organisations – use two original texts to review the heuristic virtues of the gift/counter-gift theory

  9. Stratégies discursives et communicationnelles de persuasion dans les genres journalistiques d'opinion: le cas des critiques de cinéma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominika Topa-Bryniarska

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Discursive and communicative strategies of persuasion in opinion forming media: the case of film reviews This study aims at analysing the discourse as a way of using language for specific purposes. On the basis of a corpus consisting of forty reviews of the French comedy Intouchables (2011 selected from various film magazines and web pages, the author offers a reflection on the nature and functions of the genre “film review”. Thus, different invariant elements of the mentioned genre can be established in the light of discursive and communicative strategies whose persuasive dimension is connected both with the presence of informative and evaluative elements about the film and the situation of the participants. Thanks to the described strategies, activating various kinds of hidden and connotative meaning i.e. implications, presuppositions, cultural associations, the journalist contributes to the co-creation of human perception.

  10. Apprendre les genres du secteur wallon de l’énergie. Un regard croisé sur les professionnels et le grand public

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Marcon

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available L’apprentissage des discours de spécialité demande la maîtrise de lexiques, mais aussi la reconnaissance d’une situation de communication, à savoir les conventions textuelles d’une communauté de discours. La linguistique de corpus appliquée à l’étude des genres, a montré sa validité et sa pertinence pour l’étude du lexique et d’autres caractéristiques linguistiques et textuelles de genres différents. Cet article présente la construction du corpus spécialisé ENERWAL, consacré au secteur de l’énergie en Région wallonne et visant deux publics (professionnels vs. grand public. Nous illustrons quelques exemples concernant des caractéristiques morphologiques, syntaxiques, phraséologiques et discursives des genres d’ENERWAL. Chaque exemple présente des suggestions pratiques et des aspects critiques qui concernant ces caractéristiques ainsi que l’emploi d’un corpus spécialisé en vue d’une prise de conscience de la part des apprenants en salle de cours.

  11. Penser et montrer la violence : catégories et modalités

    OpenAIRE

    Femenías, Maria Luisa

    2015-01-01

    Une réflexion générale s’avère toujours opportune au sujet de la violence et, en particulier, de la violence de genre. En effet, la violence de genre et la violence contre les femmes (nous verrons la différence) est le produit de mécanismes complexes dont la brutalité quotidienne, subie par certaines personnes, n’est qu’un exemple émergeant d’une trame d’autant plus difficile à démonter qu’elle est extrêmement sophistiquée. Depuis les formes les plus habituelles de la violence domestique jusq...

  12. « This » comme marqueur privilégié du genre : le cas des résumés de thèses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geneviève Bordet

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Les enjeux de la communication scientifique font de l’analyse du genre un objectif prioritaire, en tant que discours adapté aux objectifs de communication d’une communauté spécialisée. Cette recherche vise à comprendre comment l’utilisation d’un marqueur de référence tel que « this » en anglais, contribue à l’inscription du résumé de thèse dans un genre et à l’atteinte de ses objectifs. Nous postulons que « this » fait partie des outils rhétoriques adaptés à un discours caractérisé par sa brièveté et son importance symbolique dans le champ académique. À partir d’un corpus constitué de résumés écrits en anglais dans cinq disciplines par des locuteurs anglophones et francophones, nous proposons une typologie des fonctions de « this » qui créent la focalisation et définissent une stratégie rhétorique. Nous distinguons une fonction exophorique qui ancre le résumé dans son contexte d’énonciation, d’une fonction endophorique qui fait progresser le texte d’un mouvement rhétorique à l’autre, selon des modalités allant de la reprise au déplacement et à l’englobement. L’application de cette classification aux sous-corpus de didactique des mathématiques et de sciences des matériaux permet de dessiner diverses stratégies de communication. Nous montrons que l’utilisation pertinente de l’espace d’interprétation ouvert par « this » contribue à mettre en avant la légitimité et l’autorité du doctorant dans son domaine de spécialité, favorisant ainsi son admission dans la communauté scientifique.The ever-increasing impact of academic publishing has made genre analysis a priority, since it defines the requirements of the communicative goals inside a specific community. This study aims at exploring how the reference marker “this” contributes to making the PhD abstract a recognizable type of genre and as such likely to fulfil its objectives. “This”, as a

  13. Genre and Everyday Conversation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gregersen, Frans

    2015-01-01

    The paper outlines the analysis of speech genres synchronically and diachronically and exemplifies how speech genres are emulated and transformed in an analysis of a piece of literary fiction by the Danish author Katrine Marie Guldager...

  14. Genres of War

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skouvig, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Purpose This chapter presents a case study of the communication of information in Copenhagen during the siege in 1807. The purpose of this chapter is to investigate how information was formed by different genres and how these genres relate to different genre systems. Finally, a purpose of this ch...

  15. ESTRUTURAS ESQUIZÓIDES E DIALOGISMO NAS FICÇÕES INTERÉTNICAS E INTER-GENRES Schizoid structure et le dialogue sur les plans ethnique et FICTION INTER-GENRES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SÉBASTIEN JOACHIM

    1998-01-01

    (PARRI do CIECque pode ser contactado pelos seguintes endereços: Fax (013 789-7830 e Email:aguimont@iccs-ciec.ca. Há um Internet Bookstore na University ofAlberta. E-mail: Paul.Martin@ualberta.ca. Também o Questel TS e QuestelIST oferecem uma base de dados sobre o Canada e a França: 1611, bdGremazie est, Montréal, Quebec H2M2P2 ou Route des Dolines, LesBouillides, 06565, Valbourne, Franceressources conceptuelles e d´identifier les Centres quelques uns des Centresles plus interessants pou une étude ou un stage en etudes interculturalistes.Sont indiqués comme connaissance d´appui: la Linguistique de l´énonciation,le dialogisme bakhtihnien, la psychossociologie, la Sociologie de l´interaction,la psychanalyse sociale. Sont identifies principalement des Centres d´Edutesde France (Bordeaux, Toulouse etc. Suit finalement une illustration que impliqueLittérature Canadienne et Litterature Latino-américaine.

  16. Le soglie invalicabili: la sicurezza di genere / Des seuils à ne pas franchir : la sécurité de genre / Thresholds not to be crossed: gender security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brollo Marina

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Il tema della violenza, sia fisica che sessuale, sulle donne è di strettissima attualità. In questo lavoro dopo aver illustrato come il corpo delle donne sia visto in maniera differente nei diversi ambiti della vita economica, sociale, giuridica, si cercherà di quantificare il fenomeno della violenza sulle donne che può anche essere inteso come un modo per varcare la soglia del corpo femminile, cercando di capire chi sono gli autori delle violenze, dove hanno luogo e quale forma assumono. RésuméLe thème de la violence physique et sexuelle infligée aux femmes demeure d'une brûlante actualité. Après avoir illustré la perception du corps des femmes dans les divers domaines de la vie économique, sociale, juridique, nous essayons dans cet article de quantifier le phénomène de la violence infligée aux femmes ; une brutalité qui peut aussi être vue comme un moyen de franchir le seuil du corps féminin. Nous cherchons aussi à comprendre qui sont les auteurs des violences, où elles se déroulent et sous quelles formes.AbstractPhysical and sexual violence against women is a present phenomenon. In this paper, after illustrating the different ways of how women's body are perceived in various areas of economic, social, and legal life, we will try to evaluate the prevalence of violence against women: this phenomenon could also be interpreted as a way of crossing the threshold of a female body.Moreover, we will try to understand who commits violence against women, where and how.

  17. Glossaire genre et macroéconomie

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander, Patricia; Baden, Sally

    2017-01-01

    Les relations de genre dans l’analyse économique : vue d’ensemble Bien que les économistes aient traité les questions de la participation des hommes et des femmes à la force de travail dès le début des années 1900, le genre en lui-même n’était pas utilisé comme catégorie d’analyse. (Le terme “genre” est utilisé lorsqu’il est question des catégories sociales ; c’est-à-dire qu’il signifie qu’au-delà des fonctions élémentaires de la reproduction humaine, les rôles des hommes et des femmes ne rel...

  18. Genre as Fictional Action

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Auken, Sune

    2014-01-01

    The arcticle is an interdisciplinary study between literary and rhetorical genre research. Its starting point is the well-deserved leading position held by Rhetorical Genre Studies (RGS). The article proposes a scholarly collaboration between Literary Studies and RGS and posits one possible start...... starting point for this collaboration by utilizing Carolyn Miller´s central concept of "Genre as Social Action" as a way to analyze literary characters´ social actions within narratives through an interpretation of their uses of genre....

  19. Genre and Interpretation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Auken, Sune

    2015-01-01

    Despite the immensity of genre studies as well as studies in interpretation, our understanding of the relationship between genre and interpretation is sketchy at best. The article attempts to unravel some of intricacies of that relationship through an analysis of the generic interpretation carrie...

  20. Gêneros textuais e língua inglesa em uso: uma análise das coleções aprovadas pelo PNLD/LE no Brasil Text genre and english language in use: an analysis of the textbooks approved by the Brazilian government (PNLD/LE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Larissa A. M. Oliveira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar dois livros de inglês aprovados no Programa Nacional do Livro Didático (PNLD/LE/2011 para o Ensino Fundamental II nas escolas públicas brasileiras, comparando-as com outras duas coleções, publicadas em período anterior ao documento, e bastante utilizadas nas escolas brasileiras. A análise aqui apresentada centra-se na abordagem dos gêneros textuais orais e escritos presente nestas obras, uma vez que essa abordagem encontra-se no cerne da proposta de incorporar uma visão de ensino de LE centrada na língua em uso, como prática social. Os resultados demonstraram uma tendência positiva de mudança, resultante da inserção das línguas estrangeiras no PNLD. Essa tendência poderá compor um novo domínio discursivo para o livro didático de língua estrangeira brasileiro, incluindo a reafirmação dos conceitos de gênero textual, tipo textual, oralidade e escrita, por muito tempo, bastante negligenciados.This article aims at analyzing the two English textbooks approved by the National Textbook Program (PNLD/LE/2011 in Brazil. They have been compared to two other textbooks, published in the period prior to the implementation of the Program, and very widely used in Brazilian schools. The present analysis focuses on the spoken and written text genres of the textbooks in focus, since this pedagogical approach lies at the heart of the proposal to incorporate language in use as social practice in the teaching of English. The results showed a trend of positive change, after foreign languages textbooks were incorporated in the National Textbook Program. This trend can help reshape the discourse domain of English textbooks in Brazil, which includes the concepts of text genre and text type, in spoken and written language, which had been neglected for some time.

  1. Inter Genre Similarity Modelling For Automatic Music Genre Classification

    OpenAIRE

    Bagci, Ulas; Erzin, Engin

    2009-01-01

    Music genre classification is an essential tool for music information retrieval systems and it has been finding critical applications in various media platforms. Two important problems of the automatic music genre classification are feature extraction and classifier design. This paper investigates inter-genre similarity modelling (IGS) to improve the performance of automatic music genre classification. Inter-genre similarity information is extracted over the mis-classified feature population....

  2. Text Genres in Information Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahotko, Marek

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Text genres used by so-called information organizers in the processes of information organization in information systems were explored in this research. Method: The research employed text genre socio-functional analysis. Five genre groups in information organization were distinguished. Every genre group used in information…

  3. « Penser base-ball »

    OpenAIRE

    Marquis, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Vers 1900, les grandes villes américaines se dotèrent d’associations caritatives qui firent du sport l’instrument d’une revitalisation de la nation. Fruit de divers courants intellectuels, cette sportisation des œuvres de bienfaisance toucha directement Brooklyn et « ses » Dodgers. Dès l’inauguration du stade Ebbets Field en 1913 et plus encore à partir de 1943 durant la présidence de Branch Rickey, le club des Dodgers tissa des relations intimes avec les associations caritatives du borough, ...

  4. Révision du genre Digitaria Haller (Poaceae) au Sénégal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le genre Digitaria Haller (Poaceae) constitue l'un des genres les plus diversifiés des Poaceae du Sénégal avec 19 espèces. Bien qu'il y ait une monographie mondiale du genre, la détermination des espèces reste difficile et repose essentiellement sur les caractères de l'appareil reproducteur. Ce travail, qui est une ...

  5. Penser aux/les limites de nos limites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Lévy

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Le mot « frontière » a beaucoup de succès, dans son sens propre mais plus encore comme métaphore d’une multitude de réalités qui ont à voir avec les limites, c’est-à-dire avec notre propension à découper le monde en objets séparables. Mais on constate une grande indétermination entre concept et métaphore et un usage trop facile de mélanges entre ceux-ci. Il faut donc d’abord admettre que la matérialité n’est qu’une des composantes de notre monde, mais que l’immatériel n’est pas l’irréel, le simulé ou le métaphorique. Après un détour par une théorie des limites et ses limites et une distinction entre le topographique (continu et le topologique (discontinu appliquée à l’intérieur et aux limites d’une aire, deux exemples sont développés qui visent à montrer que, si l’on trouve des frontières, ce n’est pas forcément là où on les attend et que l’appréciation juste de la place des frontières suppose la prise en compte de bien d’autres considérations que la seule limitation volontaire et brutale du franchissement d’une ligne imaginaire tracée au sol.Think about limits and the limits of our limitsThe word “boundary” has been very successful in its literal sense but even more so as a metaphor of a multitude of realities involving limits, that is, with regards to our tendency to divide the world into separable objects. However, one can observe a considerable uncertainty between the concept and the metaphor and an utilisation too easy of various mixtures of them. It becomes necessary therefore to first admit that materiality is only one of the components of our world whilst the immaterial is not unreal, simulated or metaphoric. After a detour consisting of examining a theory of limits and its limits and making the distinction between the topographic (continuous and the topologic (discontinuous applied to the interior and the limits of an area, two examples are developed which aim to

  6. Comment penser comme un mathématicien

    CERN Document Server

    Houston, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    À la recherche d'un départ en pool position pour vos études de mathématiques ? Peut-être que vos cours de mathématiques vous ont déjà assommé, alors que vous pensiez les aimer ? Pas de panique. Cet ouvrage, véritable compagnon de route, vous aidera à progresser dans la pensée mathématique. En travaillant chacun des chapitres proposés, vous vous constituerez tout un outillage qui va vous permettre de bien saisir le sens des définitions, la portée des théorèmes et des démonstrations, et surtout vous aidera à résoudre des problèmes et à bien rédiger les textes correspondants. La plupart des méthodes de démonstration seront abordées : méthode directe, décomposition en cas, induction, par la contraposée, par l'absurde. Des exemples concrets sont proposés à chaque étape. Des sujets classiques rencontrés dans différents cours, seront plus largement développés : les diviseurs, l'algorithme d'Euclide, l'arithmétique modulaire, les relations d'équivalence, les injections, surje...

  7. Queer Tracings of Genre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balle, Søren Hattesen

    as (re)tracings of genres that appear somehow residual or defunct in a post-modernist poetic context. On the other, they are made to "encode new [and queer, shb] meanings" (Anne Ferry) inasmuch as Ashbery, for instance, doubles and literalizes Dante's false etymology of the word ‘eclogue' (aig- and logos...

  8. Music Genre as Method

    OpenAIRE

    Timothy Laurie

    2014-01-01

    A review of Jennifer C. Lena, Banding Together: How Communities Create Genres in Popular Music (Princeton University Press, 2012), Michelle Phillipov, Death Metal and Music Criticism: Analysis at the Limits(Lexington Books, 2012) and Graham St John, Global Tribe: Technology, Spirituality and Psytrance (Equinox Publishing, 2012). 

  9. Genre and categorization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulbæk, Ib

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen undersøger forholdet mellem genre-kategorien og sætter den i forbindelse med andre former for kategorisering med henblik på at afklare om genrebegrebet har en særstatus eller om sprogbrugeren kan udnytte sin almene kategorividen til at forstå tekster....

  10. Spanish Comics as Genre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiely, Kristin

    2018-01-01

    Since the beginning of literary time, genre has been an issue for critics and scholars. Comics and graphic novels have stepped into the fray in recent decades causing even more confusion. This is even more evident in Spain where the publishers are foolhardy men and women simply out to make money and who are too deeply embedded in their bourgeois…

  11. Genre theory in information studies

    CERN Document Server

    Andersen, Jack

    2015-01-01

    This book highlights the important role genre theory plays within information studies. It illustrates how modern genre studies inform and enrich the study of information, and conversely how the study of information makes its own independent contributions to the study of genre.

  12. Genre: Language, Context, and Literacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyland, Ken

    2002-01-01

    Focuses on genre and its application in language teaching and learning. Suggests genre approaches have had an impact on how we understand discourse and transform literacy education in different contexts around the world. Describes studies on generic integrity and variation, and the ways that genres are seen as similar and different in terms of…

  13. Genre and contemporary Romantic Comedy

    OpenAIRE

    Woodyard, Andrew

    2017-01-01

    The aim of my thesis was to look at the evolution of the Romantic Comedy throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, to attempt to establish what changes occurred within the genre and how these changes influenced our understanding of genre theory as a whole. Through this discussion, I hoped to develop tools that could be used to examine different genres with varied historical records. My initial examination of genre theory showed that Genre History was one of the largest problems in the study of fi...

  14. Queer Tracings of Genre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balle, Søren Hattesen

    A prominent feature of John Ashbery's debut collection Some Trees is the near ubiquity of classical and post-classical genre designations attached as titles to its poems. Among them appear titles such as "Eclogue", "Sonnet", "Meditations of a Parrot", and "A Pastoral". Neither does Ashbery hesita...... to a dominant cultural climate in the ‘50s when the homosexual theme was deemed beyond normal hetero-normative classifications of gender identity....

  15. Emotion, gender and genre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger, Gunhild

    2011-01-01

    Traditionally, Scandinavian TV crime fiction has been regarded as a public arena for critical exhibition of and debate about salient features in contemporary social development. To explain the acknowledged impact of this kind of crime fiction, it is necessary to involve the notions of emotion...... and gender in combination with the mixing of genres, as especially the thriller and the melodrama have invaded the police procedural. This is demonstrated in an analysis of The Killing....

  16. La correspondance comme genre éthique Correspondance as an Ethical Genre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Jaubert

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Les caractéristiques d’un genre de discours découlent de la situation de communication dans laquelle il s’inscrit, et qu’il reflète. Pour une correspondance, et singulièrement pour une correspondance d’auteurs, cette situation est celle d’une interaction à la fois directe et biaisée qui engage l’ethos de l’épistolier. Nous analysons les idéaux qu’il produit sur un fond de valeurs partagées. Le champ d’investigation retenu est celui de certaines correspondances célèbres du 18e siècle, car la lettre est à cette époque une manifestation très accomplie de la sociabilité. De ce fait, elle a connu une dérive littérarisante, source d’un décalage pragmatique qui l’attire dans la mouvance d’un genre second, la correspondance littéraire, où l’implication éthique du discours devient sa détermination majeure.The characteristics of a genre of discourse depend upon its specific situation of communication - the genre being embedded in this situation and, at the same time, reflecting it. Concerning correspondences, especially between authors, this situation consists of an interaction both direct and indirect, involving the ethos of the letter writer. Our analysis focuses on the ideals it produces on a background of shared values. The field of inquiry is a choice of famous correspondences of the 18th century, since the letter was at that time an accomplished manifestation of sociability. As such, it adopted a literary form, which created a pragmatic gap and put it under the dependence of another genre, the fictional correspondence, in which ethic implications became its determining factor.

  17. Genre on Time

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Givskov, Cecilie

    2009-01-01

    In a Danish context the political fiction film has not been heavily promoted or been the centre of attention for directors, and when it has been explored it has in fact not been a very successful genre. However, recently, an interest in the political sphere has emerged among filmmakers in Denmark...... the journalistic credo. The article analyze how the socio-cultural political context developed especially since 2001 interacts with the content and form of the political fiction films, and how the films are embedded in a general mediatization of culture which implies that subject matter related to for example...... politics is framed in popular form - in news and in fiction films....

  18. Écrits sur le corps : Genre, colonialisme et espace public dans l’affaire Maria Hertogh (1950. Master 2 d’histoire contemporaine, EHESS, (dir. Laura L. Downs, 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina Wu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Le 3 août 1950, la colonie de Singapour s'éveille sous une avalanche de reportages relatant le mariage discret d'une jeune néerlandaise de 13 ans avec un musulman malais de 22 ans. L'opinion publique est scandalisée par le jeune âge de la mariée. Maria Hertogh, la jeune fille en question, est déjà en fait sous le feu des projecteurs depuis que sa famille catholique hollandaise et sa mère adoptive musulmane malaise se disputent son droit de garde. Cette nouvelle avive donc les tensions déjà ex...

  19. Poussée de maladie de Kaposi et élévation du CA 19-9: penser à la tuberculose!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajili, Faida; Hariz, Héla; Souissi, Asmahen; Abid, Rim; Boussetta, Najeh; Laabidi, Besma; Battikh, Riadh; Louzir, Bassem; Othmani, Salah

    2013-01-01

    La maladie de Kaposi (MK) est une entité pathologique qui peut survenir chez les patients VIH positifs et dans le cadre d'une immunodépression, d'origine tuberculeuse très rarement. On décrit le cas d'une MK chez un patient VIH négatif au décours d'une tuberculose. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient âgé de 81 ans, VIH négatif, ayant présenté deux nodules angiomateux de l'avant bras gauche dont la biopsie cutanée était en faveur d'une MK. L’évolution était marquée 2 mois plus tard, par l'apparition de placards angiomateux extensifs des deux membres supérieurs et d'adénopathies cervicales jugulo-carotidiennes bilatérales. La biopsie ganglionnaire était en faveur d'une tuberculose ganglionnaire. Par ailleurs, il avait un taux sérique élevé des CA 19-9. La régression de l’étendue des lésions au niveau des membres supérieurs et la normalisation du taux sérique des CA 19-9 ont été obtenues sous traitement anti-tuberculeux. Chez les patients atteints d'une MK avec une élévation des CA 19-9, il faut penser à la tuberculose. PMID:24711871

  20. Revisiting Inter-Genre Similarity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sturm, Bob L.; Gouyon, Fabien

    2013-01-01

    We revisit the idea of ``inter-genre similarity'' (IGS) for machine learning in general, and music genre recognition in particular. We show analytically that the probability of error for IGS is higher than naive Bayes classification with zero-one loss (NB). We show empirically that IGS does...... not perform well, even for data that satisfies all its assumptions....

  1. The Gendering Power of Genres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alacovska, Ana

    2017-01-01

    writers in Denmark have coped with and experienced the gendering effect of the genre in which they work and to which they are financially beholden. I also tease out the ways in which crime fiction, a masculine genre, causes anxiety of authorship and affects female producers’ identity and boundary work......This article introduces the notion of genre as an analytical category for the study of gender inequality in creative work. Research on gender and creative labour typically identifies external, systemic and structural causes for gender inequality in media industries. In contrast, I argue that genres......, by virtue of their internal, structural and discursive patterning, play a constitutive role in regulating media producers’ gendered professional identities, shaping their struggle for recognition and structuring their economic sustainability. Rather than being merely outcomes of production processes, genres...

  2. Isabelle Carles-Berkowitz, Le droit et les jeunes d’origine étrangère, une approche par genre des phénomènes de socialisation juridique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérard Courtois

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Ce livre est issu d’une thèse remarquée soutenue en 2004. L’auteur a senti la nécessité et l’intérêt d’en modifier l’intitulé en y adjoignant un sous-titre qui manifeste l’importance prise dans sa recherche par les questions de genre.Les enquêtes conduites dans ce travail ont été menées en Belgique dans cinq  établissements scolaires dont trois regroupent une population d’origine étrangère (majoritairement marocaine, les deux restants sont situés dans des quartiers résidentiels de Bruxelles....

  3. Le débat interprétatif : un genre disciplinaire. Apports et limites d’un « outil » d’analyse de l’évolution d’une discipline scolaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Dias-Chiaruttini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the elements of a recent research, which focused on the emergence and actual practices of interpretative debate in the teaching of literature, in Cycle 3 primary in school in France, this article is a reflection on the contributions and limitations of the concept of disciplinary genre in school as analysis, both theoretical and methodological, from the evolution of disciplinary contents and teaching practices. It discusses various approaches to this proposed notion within different research teams concepts and outlines the choices that were made and the results build which describe the interpretative debate as a kind of metatextual discourse revealing some discursive learnings, allowing to understand the renewal of the teaching of literature in primary school in France and resistance to renewal.

  4. Sulle violenze ed il genere. Esperienze e rappresentazioni delle universitarie dell'ateneo di Urbino / Sur les violences et le genre. Expériences et représentations des étudiantes de l’Université de Urbino / Violence and Gender. Experience and representations of female university students of the University of Urbino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farina Fatima

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Il presente articolo riflette sul radicamento della violenza di genere contro le donne nel sistema di relazione tra i sessi. L'articolo è suddiviso in due parti. Nella prima parte si riflette sui significati della violenza di genere dentro il sistema di relazione tra i sessi, sulle sfasature che i profondi mutamenti degli ultimi decenni mostrano tra riferimenti valoriali e pratiche sociali. Nella seconda parte si presentano i risultati di un'indagine che ha per oggetto la violenza esperita dalle studentesse universitarie. Si tratta di una ricerca europea di cui qui si approfondisce il caso dell'università di Urbino e del suo territorio. Dall'indagine proviene una conferma dell'esistenza di un fenomeno capillarmente diffuso, che colpisce le donne anche durante la vita universitaria. La violenza esiste e si insinua nelle relazioni più prossime, nei luoghi della vita quotidiana, ma il non detto e l'indicibile rimandano ad un fenomeno ben più ampio di quanto emerso.RésuméDans cet article l’auteur réfléchit sur l’enracinement de la violence de genre contre les femmes dans le cadre des relations entre les sexes. L’article est subdivisé en deux parties. Dans la première, l’auteur analyse les significations de la violence de genre dans le cadre des relations entre les sexes et les décalages entre les valeurs et les pratiques sociales imputables aux profonds changements des dernières décennies. La deuxième partie du texte présente les résultats d’une recherche ayant pour objet la violence subie par les étudiantes universitaires. Il s’agit d’une recherche européenne : ici, l’auteur se concentre sur le cas de l’Université de Urbino et de son territoire.La recherche confirme l’existence d’un phénomène très répandu qui frappe aussi les femmes qui fréquentent l’université. La violence se manifeste et s’insinue dans les relations entre proches, dans les lieux de la vie quotidienne, mais le non-dit et l

  5. Approches sur l’historiographie du genre à Byzance

    OpenAIRE

    Georges Sidéris

    2008-01-01

    Les études de genre occupent une place importante dans les études byzantines. Lele des femmes, des eunuques, des hommes en tant que mâles, mais aussi de la domination masculine dans la société byzantine est maintenant bien reconnu. Ces études reflètent la diversité et la spécificité de la société byzantine.Gender Studies hold an important place in Byzantine Studies. Roles of women and eunuchs as well as masculinity and male domination in the Byzantine society are now well recognized. Gende...

  6. Genre Complexes in Popular Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Childress, C. Clayton

    2016-01-01

    Recent work in the sociology of music suggests a declining importance of genre categories. Yet other work in this research stream and in the sociology of classification argues for the continued prevalence of genres as a meaningful tool through which creators, critics and consumers focus their attention in the topology of available works. Building from work in the study of categories and categorization we examine how boundary strength and internal differentiation structure the genre pairings of some 3 million musicians and groups. Using a range of network-based and statistical techniques, we uncover three musical “complexes,” which are collectively constituted by 16 smaller genre communities. Our analysis shows that the musical universe is not monolithically organized but rather composed of multiple worlds that are differently structured—i.e., uncentered, single-centered, and multi-centered. PMID:27203852

  7. Genre Complexes in Popular Music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, Daniel; Lee, Monica; Childress, C Clayton

    2016-01-01

    Recent work in the sociology of music suggests a declining importance of genre categories. Yet other work in this research stream and in the sociology of classification argues for the continued prevalence of genres as a meaningful tool through which creators, critics and consumers focus their attention in the topology of available works. Building from work in the study of categories and categorization we examine how boundary strength and internal differentiation structure the genre pairings of some 3 million musicians and groups. Using a range of network-based and statistical techniques, we uncover three musical "complexes," which are collectively constituted by 16 smaller genre communities. Our analysis shows that the musical universe is not monolithically organized but rather composed of multiple worlds that are differently structured-i.e., uncentered, single-centered, and multi-centered.

  8. Le beau et le vrai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Létitia Mouze

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available La vie des abeilles de Maeterlinck est un ouvrage à la fois scientifique et littéraire, non pas parce qu’il appartiendrait à la science par son exactitude et à la littérature par son style, mais en ce qu’il invite à penser l’unité des deux domaines. Les aspects littéraires de l’ouvrage (beauté de l’écriture, usage des images, de l’analogie, etc. ne sont pas des accessoires, mais des outils indispensables à l’élaboration d’un authentique savoir sur les abeilles, c’est-à-dire un savoir qui reconnaît la part d’inconnu et le mystère qui subsistent en dépit de toutes les explications physiques et mécaniques que l’on peut par ailleurs donner des phénomènes observés. Etre scientifique, dans cette perspective, c’est-à-dire donner à connaître, c’est donc être littéraire. Cette conception de la science repose en dernière instance sur une conception philosophique de l’univers comme un tout où toutes choses sont reliées, unies, par des relations d’analogies, ce qui fonde et justifie l’emploi d’un style symboliste.The life of bees, one of Maeterlinck’s works, is together a scientific and literary book, not because of it scientific exactness and its literary style, but for the reason it suggests the unity of both these domains. Literay’s aspects of this work (writing’s beauty, use of images, analogy, etc. are not secondary but necessary to elaborate an authentic knowledge about bees, that means a knowledge which admit the unknown part and the mistery that subsist despite all the physical and mechanical explanations we can give moreover about the observed phenomenons. Be a scientist, in this sense, that is give something to know, therefore means be literary. Finally, this conception of science consist in a philosophiacl conception of Universe as a whole where everything links together, and is united by analogical relations, that base and justify the use of a symbolist style.

  9. Essay Genre in Tatar Journalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aigul A. Guseinova

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article, an essay is considered as a journalistic genre in the context of modern Tatar journalism. Using the example of works by contemporary authors in the Tatar-speaking periodicals of Russia, the main genre and the semantic features of this genre are studied. An essay is a publicistic form to reflect on the topical issues of Russian reality. The reproduction of a fact is not so important for an essay. An important role is played by the description of the author's impressions, reflections and emotions. The periodical press has many materials in the Tatar language in which the author's opinion, author's principle and subjective opinion are strongly expressed. In fact, during the last decades of the twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty-first century there was a surge of essays in modern journalism. Due to some political events in Russia during the early 90s of the twentieth century, it was possible to express their thoughts and speak on the urgent problems in society openly in comparison with the Soviet reality. The object of research is essayism as a kind of journalistic creativity, the subject of the study is the essay genre in Tatar journalism. The empirical basis of the work consisted of the essays from Tatar journalists, publicists and writers. Provided that the personality of an author is one of the effectiveness factors concerning the publications in the genre of essay, the essayization of texts in Tatar journalism will be increased in the future.

  10. Genre, raison et nation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rada Ivekovic

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Ce travail s’intéresse aux mécanismes de sexuation et de subjectivation dans la construction de la nation. Quelques-uns ont postulé le “retard” de certains groupes sociaux par rapport à l’avènement de la “modernité”, concernant notamment les sujets extraeuropéens, mais aussi les femmes. En réalité, il n’y a pas de retard soit des femmes, soit des peuples colonisés en matière de modernité, parce que la norme de celle-ci est établie elle-même de façon arbitraire à partir d’une position de domination hégémonique depuis la modernité occidentale.

  11. Iscenesættelse af genre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Molbæk, Marie-Louise

    2013-01-01

    The focus of this article is on the concept of genre and how genre is represented in two learning materials. The article defines genre as a sociosemiotic phenomenon and terms the definition critical concept of genre. This is illustrated by a graphic circle model, which shows the aspects of the de......The focus of this article is on the concept of genre and how genre is represented in two learning materials. The article defines genre as a sociosemiotic phenomenon and terms the definition critical concept of genre. This is illustrated by a graphic circle model, which shows the aspects...... of the developing process of genre and the effects from and toward discourses.The article argues (a) that the school curriculum should include critical genre awareness and (b) that the circle model represents an understanding of aspects of genre which the students should be engaged in to achieve critical genre...... awareness. The critical genre awareness is defined as the awareness of the context of communication (the correlation between discourse, situation, purpose, other texts, author, recipient) and the ability to make use of this knowledge while consuming and writing generic texts.The article looks at the speech...

  12. La manipulation du genre dans les pratiques discriminatoires

    OpenAIRE

    Delphy, Christine

    2010-01-01

    La constitution de castes raciales en France a commencé avec la colonisation de l’Afrique par la France au XIXe siècle. Dans le cas de la colonisation du Maghreb, le genre a joué un rôle éminent dans la nécessaire dépréciation des colonisés. La France du XXIe siècle refuse d’intégrer les descendants des immigrés et ex‑colonisés nord‑africains ; elle les constitue en caste inférieure et héréditaire définie par des traits culturels quasiment génétiques, et pour justifier ce traitement utilise u...

  13. Communicative Purpose as Genre Determinant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Askehave, Inger

    1999-01-01

    Through the years researchers and LSP teachers alike have used various parameters for classifying texts. This article sets out to discuss the notion of "communicative purpose" as a means for classifying text. It points to some of the difficulties associated with the functional approaches to genre...... classification in general and the notion of "communicative purpose" in particular.......Through the years researchers and LSP teachers alike have used various parameters for classifying texts. This article sets out to discuss the notion of "communicative purpose" as a means for classifying text. It points to some of the difficulties associated with the functional approaches to genre...

  14. Narrative versus style: Effect of genre-typical events versus genre-typical filmic realizations on film viewers’ genre recognition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visch, V.; Tan, E.

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated whether film viewers recognize four basic genres (comic, drama, action and nonfiction) on the basis of genre-typical event cues or of genre-typical filmic realization cues of events. Event cues are similar to the narrative content of a film sequence, while filmic realization

  15. TULIP IN CLASSIC TURKISH LITERATURE AND TULIP KASSIDES AS A LITERARY GENRE / KLASİK TÜRK EDEBİYATINDA LÂLE VE EDEBÎ BİR TÜR ÖRNEĞİ OLARAK LÂLE SİİRLERİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevda ÖNAL (M.A.H.

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Tulip appearing for the first time in ClassicTurkish literature with Mevlana’s kassides took place inour poetry with its different features after 14th century.Tulip seen as a wild and rural flower in Classic TurkishPoetry until 16th century became one of theindispensible themas for poets especially after the TulipAge. The poems including tulip themas and carrying tulipnames whose first examples appeared in the 17thcentury took place in the divan of many poets as a newand a late genre.

  16. TULIP IN CLASSIC TURKISH LITERATURE AND TULIP KASSIDES AS A LITERARY GENRE / KLASİK TÜRK EDEBİYATINDA LÂLE VE EDEBÎ BİR TÜR ÖRNEĞİ OLARAK LÂLE SİİRLERİ

    OpenAIRE

    Sevda ÖNAL (M.A.H.)

    2009-01-01

    Tulip appearing for the first time in ClassicTurkish literature with Mevlana’s kassides took place inour poetry with its different features after 14th century.Tulip seen as a wild and rural flower in Classic TurkishPoetry until 16th century became one of theindispensible themas for poets especially after the TulipAge. The poems including tulip themas and carrying tulipnames whose first examples appeared in the 17thcentury took place in the divan of many poets as a newand a late genre.

  17. Penser les Balkans aujourd'hui : l’orientalisme, le balkanisme, et la question de la modernité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Milisavljević

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at investigating the positions of the Balkans in ourcontemporary world in its continuous change – for instance the rapidEuropeanization for the protection of a common inheritance of Balkancountries. Moreover, this historical heritage is sometimes presented as a simple burden that should be overcome: the name Balkan has negative connotations, being associated with violence or primitivism. The criticism of this type of derogatory discourse called « Balkanism » is built on the deconstruction of Orientalism as initiated in the 70’s by Edward Said. In this paper, we will analyze the various types of possible objections to this Balkan approach (the absence of a colonial past, the non-existence of a « Balkan » academic tradition, the Balkan preciseness as opposed to the Oriental vagueness, as well as their not purely « oriental », yet undetermined character. Furthermore I will present the arguments in favour of another way of interpreting the Balkans which consists in the understanding of thenarrower relation between European modernity and history.

  18. LA « CONGRETURGIE » : PENSER LE CONGRES COMME UNE SCENE - L'EXEMPLE D'EUROPCR 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Jacinto, Gilles; Martinez, Monique; Descombe, Benoît; Mayer, Camille; PERAN, Bruno

    2017-01-01

    International audience; Complementando la reflexión anterior sobre la escenografía en el marco del Laboratorio Conjunto RIMEC, este artículo propone las primicias de una dramaturgia del congreso, a partir del evento de EuroPCR de la empresa Europa. Desde el punto de vista macro, el congreso se presenta como una escenificación de la transmisión del saber y de la comunidad profesional de la cardiología intervencional, articulada con los contenidos y objetivos de cada sesión (nivel micro). Se tr...

  19. Readers' Knowledge of Popular Genre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, Peter; Bortolussi, Marisa

    2009-01-01

    This research examined readers' knowledge of popular genres. Participants wrote short essays on fantasy, science fiction, or romance. The similarities among the essays were measured using latent semantic analysis (LSA) and were then analyzed using multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis. The clusters and scales were interpreted by searching…

  20. The genre of everyday life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzvetan Todorov

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The present essay shows the new genres of the seventeenth century Dutch painting (portrait, landscape and genre painting, viewed as painting of everyday life, as an alternative proposition to the historical painting then dominant in the academic categorization. What used to be marginal, peripheral and of secondary importance became the main motif in the majority of Dutch painting. Minor genres came to prominence and acquired autonomous status. The interest in the elements of everyday life could be traced in European art earlier but it was the seventeenth century Dutch artists that ultimately led “low” and realistic subject themes to come into their own commercially and artistically. Occasionally, even religious themes were presented as genre scenes, thus introducing to the presented images an air of ambivalence. In the works of Dutch painters, the uniqueness of high subject themes was opposed by pictures of everyday life and the repetitiveness of everyday domestic activities, not shunning, however, the allegorical potential contained in some of the depictions.

  1. Alternative Genres of IS Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Avital, Michel; Mathiassen, Lars; Crowston, Kevin

    2012-01-01

    The potential value of alternative genres in IS research is the core question that drives this panel discussion. The term “Alternative Genres” refers to unconventional forms of thinking, doing, and communicating scholarship and practice. It relates to innovation with respect to epistemological pe...

  2. Genre-Specific Semantic Video Indexing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wu, J.; Worring, M.

    2010-01-01

    In many applications, we find large video collections from different genres where the user is often only interested in one or two specific video genres. So, when users are querying the system with a specific semantic concept, they are likely aiming a genre specific instantiation of this concept.

  3. Genre Identification of Very Brief Musical Excerpts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mace, Sandra T.; Wagoner, Cynthia L.; Teachout, David J.; Hodges, Donald A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine how well individuals were able to identify different music genres from very brief excerpts and whether musical training, gender and preference played a role in genre identification. Listeners were asked to identify genre from classical, jazz, country, metal, and rap/hip hop excerpts that were 125, 250, 500,…

  4. BYLINA AS A LITERARY GENRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga V. Zakharova

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The bylina is a Russian epic song about the bogatyrs. Diff erent genre transformations of bylinas are known in folklore: prosaic narrations [pobyval’shchiny], bogatyr tales, legends about the bogatyrs, lubok tales about the feats of the bogatyrs and knights. In the early 19th  century, Russian literature was actively absorbing epic images and motives: the bogatyrs were turning into characters of novellas, literary tales, poems, novels, operas. Some poets and writers were attempting to develop the bylina as a literary genre. Their genre search was a  creative imitation of Th e Tale of Igor’s Campaign [“Slovo o polku Igoreve”] published in 1800 and in some cases of the Collection of Kirsha Danilov (1804. One of the first attempts was Gavrila R. Derzhavin’s work Dobrynya, Dramatic Musical Performance in Five Acts [“Dobrynya, teatral’noe predstavlenie s muzykoyu, v pyati deystviyakh”, 1804]. Glorifying the idea of the state, the poet composes a work where epic and literary characters act and the plot is derived not only from bylinas and tales, but also from chivalric novels. In Stepan S. Andreev’s poem Levsil, a Russian Bogatyr [“Levsil, russkiy bogatyr’”, 1807] the hero is not only a folkloric (epic and fabulous character, but also a literary one. Alexander F. Veltman’s novel Koshchei the Immortal. A Bylina of the Old Times [“Koshchey bessmertnyy. Bylina starogo vremeni”, 1833] was an ingenious genre experiment. The word ‘bylina’ was used in its title in  the literary genre meaning for the fi rst time ever. The genre of Easter novella Ilya Muromets. A Tale from the Rus’ of the Bogatyrs [“Il’ya Muromets. Skazka Rusi bogatyrskyi”, 1836] by Vladimir I. Dahl emerged from a complicated interaction of the tale, the bylina, the Old Russian novella and the hagiography. The literary transformations of folkloric genre stemmed from the authors’ imaginative need to create a national and historical myth

  5. Contribution à la connaissance du genre Asellus en Yougoslavie et en Turquie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deeleman-Reinhold, C.L.

    1965-01-01

    INTRODUCTION En 1962, 1963 et 1964, mon mari, Monsieur P. Robert Deeieman et moi, nous avons entrepris des voyages en Yougoslavie, dont le but principal fut la capture d'animaux cavernicoles. Dans les eaux souterraines et superficielles nous avons récolté cinq espèces du genre Asellus Geoffroy, dont

  6. Oral genres, argumentation and teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zilda G. O. Aquino

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at dealing with issues related to language spoken in the classroom, focusing on discursive practices that highlight argumentation. We believe that the discussions that were made around genres, especially guided by the studies of Bakhtin and Text Linguistics, have been providing a breakthrough towards the necessity for the school to promote language teaching through the discursive genre approach. That is what we expect to be happening since both writing and spoken modalities deserve space in learning. We believe that oral genres demand that teachers acquire specific knowledge of the features of spoken language interaction that arise from its use in practical situations. Because these studies are recent among our researchers (not longer than three decades, they should still be very present in our discussions. In this paper, we focus on a specific genre of oral tradition – the debate. It is ideal for knowledge building and taking a stand at issues that arise in society, all of which is particularly important to the school. Besides contributing to the development of skills required by certain sociodiscursive practices, it is proposed that the teaching of argumentation in oral genres concentrate on the observation of selected strategies in interactions. We are particularly interested in interactions that emerge when one interaction party is trying to persuade the other. The corpus consists of the transcriptions of debates which occurred both in the classroom and in other contexts, such as the media. The methodological approach is done by identifying the arguments and their strategic use in specific situations. The theoretical discussion rests on the works of Orecchioni (2010, Marcuschi (2004, Dolz and Schneuwly (2004, Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca (1996 [1958], among others.

  7. The First Published History of Universal Architectural Models. Jean-Nicholas-Louis Durand’s Recueil et parallèle des édifices de tout genre, anciens et modernes (Paris 1800, and the Extended Italian Edition of Giuseppe Antonelli (Venice 1833

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzo Fontana

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available “Recueil et parallèle des édifices de tout genre, anciens et modernes”, published in Paris in 1799-1800 by Jean- Nicholas-Louis Durand, at the height of the positivistic climate engendered by the contemporary culture of encyclopedism, plays an important role in architectural historiography. The volume allowed architectural students and architectural enthusiasts alike the first opportunity to study a vast range of architectural design models of all periods and places organised into typological categories, illustrated in highly didactic and homogenous drawings. The immediate success of the “Recueil” was guaranteed by the simultaneous publication (in 1800 of an explanatory text to accompany the illustrative material, written by Jacques Guillaume Legrand in accordance with Durand. More than thirty years later, the Venetian editor Giuseppe Antonelli proposed a re-launch of the “Recueil” intended to meet the contemporaneous historical and critical context of modern Europe, publishing a bilingual Italian-French edition of highly commercially ambitious scope. The Venetian “Raccolta”, which appeared in 1833, united Legrand’s text with Durand’s illustrations, - and importantly included almost double the illustrations- with the addition of antique buildings, and also included modern architectural models, alongside contemporary Italian, French and German architectural design projects. This contribution intends to set Antonelli’s ambitious undertaking into the contemporaneous critical and vivacious academic cultural climate of the Venice of the 1830’s, and also includes a thorough examination of the additional illustrations that were added by the Venetian publisher to the original French canon.

  8. Notes sur les bourdons pyrénéens du genre Bombus dans les collections néerlandaises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruseman, G.

    1958-01-01

    Comme plusieurs collections néerlandaises contiennent des bourdons pyrénéens, j’ai pensé, en étudiant le genre Bombus en général, qu’il était utile de publier à part ces quelques notes sur les espèces pyrénéennes de ce genre. La plupart des sous-espèces du genre Bombus ont déjà été décrites par

  9. The fashion blog as genre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engholm, Ida; Hansen-Hansen, Erik

    2013-01-01

    Fashion as a phenomenon cannot be understood indepen- dently of the visual images and designed presentations that convey the content and forms of fashion. With the breakthrough of the digital media in the 2000s we were introduced to new ways of communicating and staging fashion where the blog...... in particular has established a new media culture for the distribution and exchange of potential fashion-based self-presentation forms and resulted in new design strategies. In this article, the fashion blog is presented as a specific genre that is charac- terised by remediating existing genre forms and combin......- ing them into new formats, where amateur bricolage approaches are combined with the reproduction of fam- iliar features from the established fashion media. The article presents four types of fashion blogs, each represent- ing a specific design strategy for presenting and interact- ing with fashion...

  10. L’art et la plasticité des genres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Combet

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available On emploie souvent aujourd’hui les termes « artiste » et « plasticien » comme synonymes. Sous cette simple manière de parler se dit une vérité troublante et profonde. Troublante, car la plasticité associe l’activité de la création d’une forme (la plastikê des Grecs à la nécessaire destruction (le plasticage de la forme initiale, de sorte que, si l’art est plastique, il est essentiellement lié à la perturbation et la transgression. Profonde, car cette plasticité ne serait pas le propre de notre modernité, et encore moins une idée relevant d’une mode intellectuelle passagère, mais l’essence intime de l’art à travers toute son histoire. On a voulu suggérer cela, en proposant le néologisme du « dianouménal » pour qualifier cette plasticité, et en remontant à l’art des cavernes pour en voir l’effectivité dès l’origine. Au Paléolithique, en effet, les Vénus gravettiennes par leur plastique androgyne sèment d’emblée le trouble dans le genre.

  11. Approches sur l’historiographie du genre à Byzance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georges Sidéris

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Les études de genre occupent une place importante dans les études byzantines. Lele des femmes, des eunuques, des hommes en tant que mâles, mais aussi de la domination masculine dans la société byzantine est maintenant bien reconnu. Ces études reflètent la diversité et la spécificité de la société byzantine.Gender Studies hold an important place in Byzantine Studies. Roles of women and eunuchs as well as masculinity and male domination in the Byzantine society are now well recognized. Gender studies in Byzantium do reflect the diversity and the specificity of this society.

  12. Narrative versus Style: Effect of Genre Typical Events versus Genre Typical Filmic Realizations on Film Viewers' Genre Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Visch, V.; Tan, E.

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated whether film viewers recognize four basic genres (comic, drama, action and nonfiction) on the basis of genre-typical event cues or of genretypical filmic realization cues of events. Event cues are similar to the narrative content of a film sequence, while filmic realization cues are similar to stylistic surface cues of a film sequence. It was predicted that genre recognition of short film fragments is cued more by filmic realization cues than by event cues. The results...

  13. Le développement de projets en Bolivie

    OpenAIRE

    Maes, Sandrine; Maes, Jeremy; Rey, Jean-Charles

    2007-01-01

    Ce mémoire traite des projets, de leur développement. Qu’est-ce qu’un projet ? Comment est-il créé ? Le développement de projet est un domaine complexe. Au fil des pages, nous présentons une définition du projet, ainsi que deux manières différentes de le conduire. Ce mémoire parle également de la Bolivie. Nous y découvrirons une autre culture, une autre manière de penser, d’agir, de vivre. Dans ce travail, nous tentons de mettre en évidence comment le développement de projet s’insère da...

  14. Final Summary: Genre Theory in Information Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jack

    2015-01-01

    Purpose This chapter offers a re-description of knowledge organization in light of genre and activity theory. Knowledge organization needs a new description in order to account for those activities and practices constituting and causing concrete knowledge organization activity. Genre and activity...... informing and shaping concrete forms of knowledge organization activity. With this, we are able to understand how knowledge organization activity also contributes to construct genre and activity systems and not only aid them....

  15. Des lieux avec lesquels penser, des livres auxquels penser Places to think with, books to think about Lugares para pensar con ellos, Libros para pensar en ellos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anders Burman

    2012-06-01

    saber experimental que se vive a través y que se adquiere en, por, con y adentro del mundo. Este tipo de saber es ‘ukamaw’, la manera como son las cosas. Fueron linguistas interesados por las dinámicas de la “evidencialidad” i.e. la voz de los lenguajes que vienen de una gama de mecanismos para transmitir como la gente considera la fuente y la fiabilidad de su saber, quienes establecieron las grandes líneas de este razonamiento. Ha sido demostrado que los oradores Aymara usan siempre “marcadores linguísticos” para indicar cuando hablan desde su saber personal experimental, del saber obtenido por la lengua o desde un saber no-personal. En esta presentación, las dos primeras categorías van a ser discutidas más precisamente. Cuando las personas distinguen la naturaleza ‘siwsawi’ del saber adquirido a través del lenguaje humano y la naturaleza ‘ukamaw’ del saber personal adquirido a través de interacciones no-linguísticas con otras cosas del mundo que llevan en si conocimientos, se usa la lógica linguística fundamental Aymara. En la sociedad Ayamara, el no-respeto de los marcadores linguísticos para indicar desde qué tipo de saber uno se expresa es percibido con suspición. Cuando los profesores de universidades no lo respetan, cuando parecen afirmar tener un conocimiento personal sobre tal tema por haber leído un libro sobre el mismo tema, los estudiantes Aymara tienden a concluir que conferencias y libros bastan cuando uno está interesado por opiniones y juicios de otras gentes, pero no representan más que ‘siwsawi’; palabras pronunciadas, escuchadas y leídas, pero no experiencias vividas.Entonces, esta manera de distinguir diferentes tipos de saber, desde sus fuentes y su fiabilidad, tiene interesantes repercusiones en el actual proceso de descolonización de la Universidad Boliviana y en la reciente creación de “universidades indígenas” que son partes integrantes de las políticas de Estado de descolonización puestas en

  16. Le corps dans l'Antiquité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Lalanne

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Ouvrages générauxLaqueur Thomas, La fabrique du sexe. Essai sur le corps et le genre en Occident, trad. fr., Paris, Gallimard, 1992.Feher Michel, Naddaff Ramona, Tazi Nadia, Fragments for a History of the Human Body, 3 volumes, New York, Zone Books, 1989.Le Corps dans l’AntiquitéBodiou Lydie, Frère Dominique, Mehl Véronique dir., L’expression des corps. Gestes, attitudes, regards dans l’iconographie antique, Rennes, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2006.Bonnard Jean-Baptiste, Le complexe de ...

  17. College Course File: Studies in Genre--Horror.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Scott R.

    1996-01-01

    States that a Studies in Genre course essentially explores genre theory with the "hook" of a particular popular genre (in this case, horror) that serves as case study and exemplar for more general theories of genre. Describes the course's modular design so it can be expanded into other genres as time passes. Discusses each unit's…

  18. Two Systems for Automatic Music Genre Recognition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sturm, Bob L.

    2012-01-01

    We re-implement and test two state-of-the-art systems for automatic music genre classification; but unlike past works in this area, we look closer than ever before at their behavior. First, we look at specific instances where each system consistently applies the same wrong label across multiple...... trials of cross-validation. Second, we test the robustness of each system to spectral equalization. Finally, we test how well human subjects recognize the genres of music excerpts composed by each system to be highly genre representative. Our results suggest that neither high-performing system has...... a capacity to recognize music genre....

  19. Klasifikasi Lagu Berdasarkan Genre pada Format WAV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurmiyati Tamatjita

    2014-07-01

    Abstract             Music genre is getting complex from time to time. As the size of digital media grows along with amount of data, manual search of digital audio files according to its genre is considered impractical and inefficient; therefore a classification mechanism is needed to improve searching.             Zero Crossing Rate (ZCR, Average Energy (E and Silent Ratio (SR are a few of features that can be extracted from digital audio files to classify its genre. This research conducted to classify digital audio (songs into 12 genres: Ballad, Blues, Classic, Harmony, Hip Hop, Jazz, Keroncong, Latin, Pop, Electronic, Reggae and Rock using above mentioned features, extracted from WAV audio files. Classification is performed several times using selected 3, 6, 9 and 12 genres respectively.             The result shows that classification of 3 music genres (Ballad, Blues, Classic has the highest accuracy (96.67%, followed by 6 genres (Ballad, Blues, Classic, Harmony, Hip Hop, Jazz with 70%, and 9 genres (Ballad, Blues, Classic, Harmony, Hip Hop, Jazz, Keroncong, Latin, Pop with 53.33% accuracy. Classification of all 12 music genres yields the lowest accuracy of 33.33%.    Keywords— Zero Crossing Rate (ZCR, Average Energy (E, Silent Ratio (SR, Euclidean Distance

  20. Predicting film genres with implicit ideals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew McGregor Olney

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a new approach to defining film genre based on implicit ideals. When viewers rate the likability of a film, they indirectly express their ideal of what a film should be. Across six studies we investigate the category structure that emerges from likability ratings and the category structure that emerges from the features of film. We further compare these data-driven category structures with human annotated film genres. We conclude that film genres are structured more around ideals than around features of film. This finding lends experimental support to the notion that film genres are set of shifting, fuzzy, and highly contextualized psychological categories.

  1. Predicting film genres with implicit ideals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olney, Andrew McGregor

    2012-01-01

    We present a new approach to defining film genre based on implicit ideals. When viewers rate the likability of a film, they indirectly express their ideal of what a film should be. Across six studies we investigate the category structure that emerges from likability ratings and the category structure that emerges from the features of film. We further compare these data-driven category structures with human annotated film genres. We conclude that film genres are structured more around ideals than around features of film. This finding lends experimental support to the notion that film genres are set of shifting, fuzzy, and highly contextualized psychological categories.

  2. The Instructional Text like a Textual Genre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adiane Fogali Marinello

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the instructional text as a textual genre and is part of the research called Reading and text production from the textual genre perspective, done at Universidade de Caxias do Sul, Campus Universitário da Região dos Vinhedos. Firstly, some theoretical assumptions about textual genre are presented, then, the instructional text is characterized. After that an instructional text is analyzed and, finally, some activities related to reading and writing of the mentioned genre directed to High School and University students are suggested.

  3. Penser les métropoles pour les « individus » ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Dumont

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Les instruments dont on dispose aujourd’hui pour décrire et expliquer les réalités métropolitaines contemporaines ne sont pas entièrement satisfaisants : ils ne permettent pas toujours d’identifier les vraies questions qui se présentent à ceux qui produisent la ville. Partant de ce constat, le sociologue Alain Bourdin synthétise dans son nouvel essai des réflexions issues de sa pratique de recherche et de dialogue avec le monde des institutions, pour y proposer une lecture de la ...

  4. La correspondance de direction de conscience : écrire pour contester les rôles de genre ? L’exemple d'Henriette de Lestrange (1908-1931)

    OpenAIRE

    Muller , Caroline

    2013-01-01

    International audience; Le parcours d'Henriette de Lestrange par le biais de sa correspondance avec son directeur de conscience : comment la correspondance avec le directeur permet de contester les normes de genre et les rapports de force qui existent au sein du couple, et la place de l'écrit dans ce processus.

  5. comment mieux agir contre les violences basees sur le genre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Cette représentation réduit cer- ... Cette représentation est renforcée par la ... de violence est presque à l'abri de la sanction sociale et la victime est stigmatisée .... la communication que pour l'adoption de mesures répressives contre les VBG ...

  6. Narrative versus Style : Effect of Genre Typical Events versus Genre Typical Filmic Realizations on Film Viewers' Genre Recognition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visch, V.; Tan, E.

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated whether film viewers recognize four basic genres (comic, drama, action and nonfiction) on the basis of genre-typical event cues or of genretypical filmic realization cues of events. Event cues are similar to the narrative content of a film sequence, while filmic realization

  7. Tableau vivant et Néo-classicisme : un genre pour un style

    OpenAIRE

    Halimi , Carole

    2004-01-01

    National audience; Cet article présente une synthèse des étapes du développement de la pratique des " tableaux vivants " depuis le milieu du XVIIIe siècle, en mettant en relief le lien du divertissement avec l'esthétique néo-classique. Une première partie est consacrée aux fondements théâtraux du genre et à leur inscription dans la réforme du théâtre engagée par Diderot, sur le modèle de la peinture, inventant le dispositif du tableau, au service de l'expression du " vrai " et d'un combat con...

  8. Cultural Artifacts as Scaffolds for Genre Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamberelis, George; Bovino, Thomas D.

    1999-01-01

    Shows that children in the primary grades possessed considerable working knowledge of the cultural conventions of narrative genres but much less working knowledge of the cultural conventions of informational genres. Reveals grade-related developmental differences for some dimensions of linguistic and textual organization. Shows that cultural…

  9. Efficient genre-specific semantic video indexing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wu, J.; Worring, M.

    2012-01-01

    Large video collections such as YouTube contain many different video genres, while in many applications the user might be interested in one or two specific video genres only. Thus, when users are querying the system with a specific semantic concept like AnchorPerson, and MovieStars, they are likely

  10. The Genre of Syllabus in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afros, Elena; Schryer, Catherine F.

    2009-01-01

    This article examines the genre of syllabus in higher education. In particular, it focuses on the intertextuality and interdiscursivity of paper-based and web-mediated syllabi and the ways they are used to promote links between various academic--classroom and research--genres and discourse communities. The corpus consists of ten syllabi with…

  11. Music Genre Classification Systems - A Computational Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahrendt, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Automatic music genre classification is the classification of a piece of music into its corresponding genre (such as jazz or rock) by a computer. It is considered to be a cornerstone of the research area Music Information Retrieval (MIR) and closely linked to the other areas in MIR. It is thought...... that MIR will be a key element in the processing, searching and retrieval of digital music in the near future. This dissertation is concerned with music genre classification systems and in particular systems which use the raw audio signal as input to estimate the corresponding genre. This is in contrast...... to systems which use e.g. a symbolic representation or textual information about the music. The approach to music genre classification systems has here been system-oriented. In other words, all the different aspects of the systems have been considered and it is emphasized that the systems should...

  12. Penser et activer les relations entre cartes et récits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SÉBASTIEN CAQUARD

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available De prime abord, récit et carte semblent en opposition directe. Le récit offre un point de vue partiel et personnel, souvent chronologique et intimement associé à une trame narrative structurée autour d’évènements vécus, imaginés ou remémorés par un sujet concret engagé dans un cheminement. La carte s’ingénie à présenter de manière synthétique et abstraite des données quantifiables à partir d’un point distant, figé dans le temps, dépersonnalisé et aérien.

  13. Une théorie pour penser les industries culturelles et informationnelles ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Mœglin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article traite de la naissance et du développement de la théorie des industries culturelles et informationnelles. Il procède des deux questions suivantes : pourquoi une théorie unifiée, plutôt que la juxtaposition de toutes les théorisations ayant accompagné les étapes successives de l’histoire de ces industries et le développement de chacun de leurs secteurs ? Pourquoi une théorie originale, au lieu des approches industrielles proposées, par exemple, par l’économie ou la sociologie ? À ces questions la réponse est, d’une part, que la diversité des appréciations sur les enjeux des industries culturelles et informationnelles et leurs contradictions, d’un auteur à l’auteur, illustre la dimension dialectique du développement des industries culturelles et informationnelles elles-mêmes. D’autre part, la singularité de ces industries justifie le recours à un modèle d’analyse différent du modèle industriel standard.This paper deals with the birth and development of the cultural and informational industries theory. It arises from two questions. First, why one unified theory, rather than juxtaposing the different attempts to understand these industries step by step and sector by sector ? Second, why a specific theory, instead of borrowing from economy or sociology, for instance ? The answer is on the one hand that the contradictions among researchers about the issues of the cultural and informational industries demonstrate in themselves the dialectical nature of their development ; on the other hand, that the specificity of these industries requires an analysis model quite different from the standard model.

  14. Broncho-pneumopathies à répétition: penser à un syndrome de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le syndrome de Kartagener est une affection héréditaire rare de transmission autosomique récessive. Il se caractérise par une triade: bronchectasies, rhinosinusite chronique et situs inversus. L'évolution est dominée par la survenue d'infections respiratoires haute et basses. Patiente âgée de 21 ans, admise pour ...

  15. 'Academic literacies approaches to genre'?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Street

    Full Text Available I provide an overview of approaches to writing referred to as 'academic literacies' building on broader traditions, such as New Literacy Studies, and I draw out the relevance of such traditions for the ways in which lecturers provide support to their students with regard to the writing requirements of the University. I offer three case studies of the application of academic literacies approaches to programmes concerned with supporting student writing, in the UK and the USA. I briefly conclude by asking how far these accounts and this work can be seen to bring together many of the themes raised at SIGET conferences - including academic literacies and its relation to genre theories - and express the hope that it opens up trajectories for future research and collaboration of the kind they were founded to develop.

  16. Automatic Genre Classification of Musical Signals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbedo, Jayme Garcia sArnal; Lopes, Amauri

    2006-12-01

    We present a strategy to perform automatic genre classification of musical signals. The technique divides the signals into 21.3 milliseconds frames, from which 4 features are extracted. The values of each feature are treated over 1-second analysis segments. Some statistical results of the features along each analysis segment are used to determine a vector of summary features that characterizes the respective segment. Next, a classification procedure uses those vectors to differentiate between genres. The classification procedure has two main characteristics: (1) a very wide and deep taxonomy, which allows a very meticulous comparison between different genres, and (2) a wide pairwise comparison of genres, which allows emphasizing the differences between each pair of genres. The procedure points out the genre that best fits the characteristics of each segment. The final classification of the signal is given by the genre that appears more times along all signal segments. The approach has shown very good accuracy even for the lowest layers of the hierarchical structure.

  17. Science et littérature : mélange des genres

    OpenAIRE

    Lissalde, Claire

    2016-01-01

    Cet article expose les démarches et les enjeux de l’organisation de l’exposition Science/Fiction, voyage au cœur du vivant par l’INSERM. Il souligne également l’innovation proposée par une médiation qui utilise le mélange des genres littéraires et scientifiques pour atteindre son public.

  18. Penser l’individu ? Sur un nécessaire changement de paradigme, 2.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldo Haesler

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Plutôt que de se centrer sur l’individu en le dotant de compétences relationnelles, l’analyse sociologique aurait avantage à explorer la réalité complexe de la relation humaine (dont l’individu n’est qu’un avatar et à l’opposer à celle des institutions. Une réflexion historique montrerait alors  que le propre de la modernité peut être compris en termes de désintrication croissante des sphères relationnelle et institutionnelle. On proposera dès lors un concept « faible » de société comme espace (« public » intermédiaire où se négocient pour la première fois dans l’histoire les contraintes des sphères relationnelle et institutionnelle. La crise de la modernité pourrait alors être comprise comme l’amenuisement inexorable de cet espace par le développement de relations et d’institutions de plus en plus « pures ». Rather than to focus on the individual and endow him with relational competences, sociological analysis would benefit from an exploration of the complex reality of human relationship (of which the individual is but an avatar and its opposition to that of institutions. A historical reflection would then show that the specificity of modernity can be understood in terms of a growing disentanglement of the relational and institutional spheres. One would henceforth propose a “weak” concept of society as an intermediary (“public” space where the constraints of the relational and institutional spheres are negotiated for the first time in history. The modernity crisis could then be understood as the unavoidable reduction of this space through the development of ever “purer” relations and institutions.

  19. Penser l’Afrique à l’aune des Suds émergents

    OpenAIRE

    Perrot, Sandrine; Malaquais, Dominique

    2009-01-01

    Pour la photo reproduite sur la couverture de ce numéro de Politique africaine, Liu Jianju pose en tenue « africaine ». Un portrait de Mao, jeune et souriant dans son uniforme, trône sur le meuble derrière lui. L’étoffe kente couvrant l’une des épaules de Liu brille de couleurs chatoyantes qui s’accordent aux ornements dorés de son couvre-chef. Il tient d’une main une cane sculptée d’animaux de la savane (...).

  20. Alternative Genres in Information Systems Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Avital, Michel; Mathiassen, Lars; Schultze, Ulrike

    2017-01-01

    discuss thenature of the academic article genre and the role of alternative ways of writing.We also introduce the six exemplars of alternative genres in the special issue,namely conversation, French new novel, meditation, memoir, allegory, andcrowdsourced research. We highlight key insights....... Furthermore, we wishto encourage Information Systems (IS) scholars to leverage a wider array ofalternative genres to present their research in order to develop new insights onsubject matters of interest to the IS discipline, as well as expand on howcontemporary and emergent phenomena of interest are conceived...... and contemplate theirimplications for current and future IS research....

  1. Genre, technology and embodied interaction: The evolution of digital game genres and motion gaming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Gregersen

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Technology has been given relatively little attention in genre theory, but this article argues that material technologies can be important components in genre development. The argument is based on a historically informed analysis of digital games, with special attention paid to home console video games and recent genre developments within this domain commonly referred to as motion gaming. The main point is that digital game genres imply structured embodied activity. A constitutive element of digital game mediation is a control interface geared to player embodiment, and I propose the concept of ‘interaction modes’ to describe the coupling of technology and player embodiment and show how this can be integrated with genre theory. The resulting framework allows for increased attention to continuity and change in game and communication genres, material and digital technologies, and the related interaction modes.

  2. Oral genres of humor : On the dialectic of genre knowledge and creative authoring

    OpenAIRE

    Kotthoff, Helga

    2006-01-01

    The article discusses humorous conversational activities (e.g. jokes, teasing, joint fantasizing) in the context of genre theory. The high degree of creativity, emergent construction and artistry typical of humor call for a flexible concept of genre which makes sense of modifications and transgressions in communicative processes. Some forms of conversational humor are generic, for example, standardized jokes, joint fantasizing or teasing. Other forms exploit our knowledge of serious genres an...

  3. Video genre classification using multimodal features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Sung Ho; Bae, Tae Meon; Choo, Jin Ho; Ro, Yong Man

    2003-12-01

    We propose a video genre classification method using multimodal features. The proposed method is applied for the preprocessing of automatic video summarization or the retrieval and classification of broadcasting video contents. Through a statistical analysis of low-level and middle-level audio-visual features in video, the proposed method can achieve good performance in classifying several broadcasting genres such as cartoon, drama, music video, news, and sports. In this paper, we adopt MPEG-7 audio-visual descriptors as multimodal features of video contents and evaluate the performance of the classification by feeding the features into a decision tree-based classifier which is trained by CART. The experimental results show that the proposed method can recognize several broadcasting video genres with a high accuracy and the classification performance with multimodal features is superior to the one with unimodal features in the genre classification.

  4. TED Talks as an Emergent Genre

    OpenAIRE

    Ludewig, Julia

    2017-01-01

    In her article "TED Talks as an Emergent Genre" Julia Ludewig analyzes TED talks—short, informational, and entertaining presentations that are given during TED conferences in North America and abroad—as a hybrid and emerging genre. Based on a qualitative interpretation of 14 such talks, she offers a list of recurring thematic, argumentative, and rhetorical features, which she aligns with three parent genres—the sales pitch, the memoir, and the academic lecture. Comparing recent versions of TE...

  5. Blockbuster genres in Danish independent film

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kim Toft

    market dominance. They respond, instead, by delving directly into international blockbuster genres and styles in the search for something missing in Danish cinema. This works, principally, by directly reacting against the institutional and economic dominance and protectionism of primarily The Danish Film...... Institute. Indirectly, the filmmakers seem to react against ‘what is allowed’ in Danish film culture. Therefore, they actually define themselves as being non-mainstream by focussing on international mainstream genres....

  6. Des furoncles résistants aux antibiotiques: penser à la myiase !!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajili, Faida; Abid, Rim; Bousseta, Najeh; Mrabet, Ali; Karoui, Ghazi; Louzir, Bassem; Battikh, Riadh; Othmani, Salah

    2013-01-01

    Les myiases sont des infections parasitaires par des larves de mouches. La localisation cutanée doit être évoquée de retour d'un pays tropical devant une évolution inhabituelle de lésions cutanées. Nous rapportons une observation d'un militaire tunisien, ayant séjourné en République Démocratique du Congo. Il était atteint de myiase cutanée simulatrice d'une furonculose résistante aux antibiotiques. L'intérêt de cette observation est de souligner l'importance d’évoquer la myiase dont le traitement est simple et rapide chez un patient de retour de zone d'endémie. PMID:24106569

  7. How Musical Instrumentation Affects Perceptual Identification of Musical Genres

    OpenAIRE

    Brene, Sofia; Thome, Carl

    2014-01-01

    A listening experiment was conducted to investigate which musical instruments are the most important for defining certain musical genres. 66 participants genre classified a series of audio samples, with the same songs recurring both with full instrumentation and partial instrumentation. The report used the collected genre classifications to clarify therelationship between certain musical genres and song instrumentation. A numericalanalysis of the classifications, in the context of genre tradi...

  8. Le devenir actif du corps affectif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Séverac

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Le but de cet article est de saisir ce que signifie, pour le corps, être actif. À partir de la proposition 49 de la partie IV de l’Éthique, on propose de distinguer deux manières d’appréhender le corps – soit comme corps organique, soit comme corps affectif -, et l’on montre que la question éthique du devenir actif s’adresse à la dimension affective du corps. Il faut penser le devenir actif du corps affectif comme augmentation de son aptitude non seulement à affecter, mais aussi à être affecté. En effet, être affecté pour le corps n’est pas identique à pâtir : au contraire, plus est grande l’ouverture sensible d’un corps aux autres corps, plus est grande son activité éthique.The aim of this paper is to understand how the body can be active. With the proposition 49 of the fourth part of Ethics, two ways of conceiving of the body are distinguished : like an organic body or like an affective body. The ethics question of becoming active is about the affective body. This becoming active must be understood as increasing of the ability to affect, as well as to be affected. To be affected is different from to be passive. On the contrary, the more the body is able to be affected, the more he becomes active.

  9. Comparaison des Champs de Pression Instationnaires Calcules et Mesures sur le Modele ZKP (Comparison of Unstable Pressure Fields Calculated and Measured on the ZKP Model),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-08-01

    mime au bard d ’attaque et au bord de fuite. Le nombre de Mach Man’est donc d~fini qu’entre deux limites et seule I’expdrience peut nous permettre de ...vabien dans ie Sans de ce qui eat observ6 expdrimentalement mais Is correction eat trop importante principsiement au bord d’attaque. On peut donc penser...Si ion consid~re lea valeurs de Ia portance at du moment quart avant pour ce cas on obtient le tableau suivant: CC rsn Module Phase Module Phase P.P.T

  10. Emotional Sentence Annotation Helps Predict Fiction Genre.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spyridon Samothrakis

    Full Text Available Fiction, a prime form of entertainment, has evolved into multiple genres which one can broadly attribute to different forms of stories. In this paper, we examine the hypothesis that works of fiction can be characterised by the emotions they portray. To investigate this hypothesis, we use the work of fictions in the Project Gutenberg and we attribute basic emotional content to each individual sentence using Ekman's model. A time-smoothed version of the emotional content for each basic emotion is used to train extremely randomized trees. We show through 10-fold Cross-Validation that the emotional content of each work of fiction can help identify each genre with significantly higher probability than random. We also show that the most important differentiator between genre novels is fear.

  11. Emotional Sentence Annotation Helps Predict Fiction Genre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samothrakis, Spyridon; Fasli, Maria

    2015-01-01

    Fiction, a prime form of entertainment, has evolved into multiple genres which one can broadly attribute to different forms of stories. In this paper, we examine the hypothesis that works of fiction can be characterised by the emotions they portray. To investigate this hypothesis, we use the work of fictions in the Project Gutenberg and we attribute basic emotional content to each individual sentence using Ekman’s model. A time-smoothed version of the emotional content for each basic emotion is used to train extremely randomized trees. We show through 10-fold Cross-Validation that the emotional content of each work of fiction can help identify each genre with significantly higher probability than random. We also show that the most important differentiator between genre novels is fear. PMID:26524352

  12. Blockbuster genres in Danish independent film

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kim Toft

    2013-01-01

    is a certain reluctance towards supporting specific international blockbuster genres such as horror, the gangster drama and action film. Throughout the past decade, Danish independent cinema – motivated by for instance the alternative film school Super16 and self-governing film-milieus around Denmark – has...... genres and styles in the search for what is missing in Danish cinema. This works for some directors, principally, by directly reacting against the institutional and economic dominance and protectionism of primarily The Danish Film Institute. Indirectly, the some of the filmmakers seem to react against...... ‘what is allowed’ in Danish film culture. Thus, they actually define themselves as being non-mainstream by focussing on international mainstream genres. By way of examples from the Danish indie scene and interviews with noteworthy indie filmmakers, this article draws attention to a still fairly...

  13. Køn og genre i TAXA

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Vibeke

    1998-01-01

    SUMMARY: Gender and Genre in “Taxa”: Sensitive Masculinity and Mothers on Trial The article looks at the new Danish prime-time soap opera “Taxa”, asking why a usually devaluated women’s genre as the soap opera has succeeded in addressing the entire family in prime time on Sunday evening. The serial...... is discussed in the light of Christine Gledhill’s statement that in the new prime-time soap “melodrama and realism, women’s and men’s culture, intersect (...) in a particularly productive way”. I conclude that while it it true that the male characters in “Taxa” are multi-dimensional personalities, women...... in this Danish soap opera are not only almost absent as writers and directors, but the female figures are also highly mythologized. Thus the costs of the soap genre going mainstream are marginalization and trivialization of women....

  14. Emotional Sentence Annotation Helps Predict Fiction Genre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samothrakis, Spyridon; Fasli, Maria

    2015-01-01

    Fiction, a prime form of entertainment, has evolved into multiple genres which one can broadly attribute to different forms of stories. In this paper, we examine the hypothesis that works of fiction can be characterised by the emotions they portray. To investigate this hypothesis, we use the work of fictions in the Project Gutenberg and we attribute basic emotional content to each individual sentence using Ekman's model. A time-smoothed version of the emotional content for each basic emotion is used to train extremely randomized trees. We show through 10-fold Cross-Validation that the emotional content of each work of fiction can help identify each genre with significantly higher probability than random. We also show that the most important differentiator between genre novels is fear.

  15. Temporal feature integration for music genre classification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meng, Anders; Ahrendt, Peter; Larsen, Jan

    2007-01-01

    , but they capture neither the temporal dynamics nor dependencies among the individual feature dimensions. Here, a multivariate autoregressive feature model is proposed to solve this problem for music genre classification. This model gives two different feature sets, the diagonal autoregressive (DAR......) and multivariate autoregressive (MAR) features which are compared against the baseline mean-variance as well as two other temporal feature integration techniques. Reproducibility in performance ranking of temporal feature integration methods were demonstrated using two data sets with five and eleven music genres...

  16. Compte rendu de lecture : Devenir élue. Genre et carrière politique

    OpenAIRE

    Demazière , Didier

    2016-01-01

    À l’heure de la progression, sous l’impulsion de textes législatifs, de la parité en politique, ce livre examine comment le genre façonne les rôles et carrières politiques. Dans de multiples registres, tels les responsabilités exercées, les activités privilégiées, les missions valorisées, les conceptions du travail, les écarts entre femmes et hommes élus dans les mêmes assemblées sont observés. Ce volet, classique, est complété par une analyse des évolutions de ces différences de genre sous l...

  17. Devenir élue. Genre et carrière politique, M. Navarre

    OpenAIRE

    Demazière, Didier

    2017-01-01

    À l’heure de la progression, sous l’impulsion de textes législatifs, de la parité en politique, ce livre examine comment le genre façonne les rôles et carrières politiques. Dans de multiples registres, tels les responsabilités exercées, les activités privilégiées, les missions valorisées, les conceptions du travail, les écarts entre femmes et hommes élus dans les mêmes assemblées sont observés. Ce volet, classique, est complété par une analyse des évolutions de ces différences de genre sous l...

  18. American Film Genre Program: The Movies in Our Lives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallery, David

    1976-01-01

    The American Film Genre Program helps students get into exploring the genre film as experience in examples of work that reflects the art of the film at a powerful and imagination-kindling level. (Author/RK)

  19. Quand voir c’est (faire penser. Motivation des chaînes anaphoriques et point de vue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Rabatel

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Le point de vue narratif (PDV ne saurait se comprendre à partir de la pure et simple transposition des règles de perspective des sémiotiques de l’image fixe ou mobile : en effet, il serait naïf de croire analyser le PDV en ne recherchant dans les textes qu’un point de l’espace (analogue à celui occupé par le photographe, le peintre, le chef opérateur à partir duquel les objets seraient perçus et structurés, en laissant croire que ce point (Genette parle de « foyer » puisse être nettement i...

  20. Résultats ichthyologiques des voyages scientifiques de Monsieur le Professeur Dr. A. W. Nieuwenhuis dans le centre de Bornéo (1898 et 1900)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Popta, C.M.L.

    1905-01-01

    Dans quelques genres de Cyprinidae, c.-à-d. le Dangila, l’ Osteochilus et le Crossochilus famille des Cyprininae, qui appartiennent à la sousle nombre des écailles de la ligne latérale est plus petit dans les espèces spéciales que dans les espèces anciennes. Le Tylognathus a augmenté ce nombre de 2

  1. Music genre recognition with risk and rejection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sturm, Bob L.

    2013-01-01

    We explore risk and rejection for music genre recognition (MGR) within the minimum risk framework of Bayesian classification. In this way, we attempt to give an MGR system knowledge that some misclassifications are worse than others, and that deferring classification to an expert may be a better...

  2. Stepping into Science Fiction: Understanding the Genre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barone, Diane; Barone, Rebecca

    2014-01-01

    This manuscript focuses on fifth graders' understanding of science fiction. It is argued that it is necessary for students to understand both reading strategies and the key elements of a genre for comprehension. Students read "The Giver" within literature circles and conversation and written responses about the book were used for…

  3. On music genre classification via compressive sampling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sturm, Bob L.

    2013-01-01

    Recent work \\cite{Chang2010} combines low-level acoustic features and random projection (referred to as ``compressed sensing'' in \\cite{Chang2010}) to create a music genre classification system showing an accuracy among the highest reported for a benchmark dataset. This not only contradicts previ...

  4. Instant Messaging: A Written or an Oral Genre?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majidi, Mojdeh

    2005-01-01

    This study aims to investigate Instant Messaging from the new rhetorical genre perspective. Considering IM as a primary genre (Bakhtin, 1986) I intend to examine its social motive and social and textual features. Also, using Vygotsky's (1978, 1986) concept of situated learning, I will explain how IM users learn the genre to communicate through it.…

  5. "Emotions-Only" versus "Special People": Genre in fan discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louisa Ellen Stein

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This essay looks at genre as a complex set of discursive threads running unevenly through production, TV text, and fan reception. Through a case study of the reception of fan favorite Roswell, this essay interrogates the role of genre in spectatorship. In its mixing of teen and science fiction elements, Roswell trod upon contested generic spaces, eliciting strong reaction from its viewers. Connections between genre and gender came to the fore, as producer commentary linked science fiction with male audiences and teen romance with female audiences. Fans responded with analyses that greatly complicated and at times overtly rejected industrial suppositions regarding the gendered work of genre. Through these fan conversations, we can witness the complexity of genre as discursive thread moving through not only TV texts but also multivariant fan responses. I intend this essay to work at two levels. My analysis of fan responses to Roswell models the possibilities of a close study of genre discourse. At the same time, my case study probes the nature of genre in fan engagement, as genre discourses intersect with other fan concerns such as character identification, perceptions of textual quality, and questions of gender representation. While we cannot necessarily look to fan accounts for proof of how viewers engage with genre, they do tell us how fans frame their engagement with genre, how they incorporate genre into their performance of fannishness, and how they perform and thus enact genre itself as a shared cultural process.

  6. Reality-Based Genre Preferences Do Not Direct Personal Involvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konijn, Elly A.; Hoorn, Johan F.

    2004-01-01

    Although it seems plausible that people who prefer a particular genre would appreciate characters from that category more than those from other genres, this appears not to be the case. We devised a parsimonious reality-based genre taxonomy that differentiates nonfiction, realism, fantasy, and humor. In Study 1, evidence from film viewers' genre…

  7. "Analysing Genre: Language Use in Professional Settings." A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drury, Helen

    1995-01-01

    "Analysing Genre," by Vijay K. Bhatia, is a timely addition to the literature on genre analysis in English for specific purposes. It is divided into three parts: the first provides theoretical background; the second explains how genre analysis works in different academic and professional settings; and the third exemplifies the…

  8. La « violence de genre à l’école » entre science et politique

    OpenAIRE

    Debarbieux, Éric

    2013-01-01

    Lorsque nous avons lancé en janvier 2012 l’appel à contributions sur le thème « Violence de genre violences sexistes à l’école : mesurer, comprendre, prévenir » la polémique sur la pseudo « théorie du  genre » n’existait pas encore en France avec une telle intensité. Les longs cortèges d’opposantEs au « mariage pour tous » - si abusivement résumé parfois en « mariage gay » - n’avaient pas encore battu le pavé de Paris et d’ailleurs. Certes,  cette polémique n’est pas neuve et on rappellera pa...

  9. An Analysis of Cross-Genre and In-Genre Performance for Author Profiling in Social Media

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Medvedeva, Masha; Haagsma, Hessel; Nissim, Malvina

    2017-01-01

    User profiling on social media data is normally done within a supervised setting. A typical feature of supervised models that are trained on data from a specific genre, is their limited portability to other genres. Cross-genre models were developed in the context of PAN 2016, where systems were

  10. Genre-Based Tasks in Foreign Language Writing: Developing Writers' Genre Awareness, Linguistic Knowledge, and Writing Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasuda, Sachiko

    2011-01-01

    This study examines how novice foreign language (FL) writers develop their genre awareness, linguistic knowledge, and writing competence in a genre-based writing course that incorporates email-writing tasks. To define genre, the study draws on systemic functional linguistics (SFL) that sees language as a resource for making meaning in a particular…

  11. L'accès au savoir en Afrique : lele du droit d'auteur

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les lois et politiques relatives au droit d'auteur couvrent de nombreuses questions ...... Le premier aspect de la stratégie relative aux dynamiques de genre du projet ...... Les responsables du centre ont finalement décidé de recruter des ...

  12. Le tournoi des ombres

    CERN Document Server

    Treille, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    Le lecteur, transporté avec le narrateur dans une région hors norme, est invité à partager sa fascination pour la beauté du lieu, à découvrir la chronique de son passé, rude et pittoresque. Il va côtoyer une galerie de personnages très attachants, mais aux destinées bousculées par l histoire, et assister à l agitation montante du présent dans un contexte d une actualité brûlante. Ce quatrième roman de Daniel Treille, mêlant hardiment les genres, du quotidien trivial au récit épique, de considérations géopolitiques à quelques avancées de la science moderne, confirme son talent à mener, d une écriture très aboutie, une histoire complexe, peuplée de héros singuliers

  13. Utterance and Function in Genre Studies: A Literary Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Auken, Sune

    2015-01-01

    of the complexities involved when Genre Studies confront genres whose utterances are more complex than the “homely discourses” usually discussed in RGS. Formal and thematic features play a far too significant role in literary works to be explicable simply as derivations from function alone. But this is not limited...... to formal and thematic interpretations of genre, by allowing the utterances themselves to re-enter center stage. This enables an improved understanding of complex genres. It also revives close reading as a viable approach to understanding genre and thus to inform the rhetorical, linguistic, and sociological...

  14. Sélection de sites web sur genre et économie

    OpenAIRE

    2017-01-01

    http://www.afedonline.com http://www.unog.ch/frames/library/bibliography/women.htm Les Femmes, bibliographie sélective 1988-1999, Bibliothèque des Nations Unies, Genève. http://www.africabib.org/womendb.html http://www.eclacpos.org Commission Economique pour l’Amérique Latine y les Caraïbes. Propose un système d’indicateurs prenant le genre en compte, “SISESIM 2001”. http://www.fao.org/Gender/en/agri-e.htm http://www.genderarena.com/genderarena/homepage.htm http://www.gn.apc.org/homenet H...

  15. Exploring different approaches for music genre classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Jose Homsi Goulart

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In this letter, we present different approaches for music genre classification. The proposed techniques, which are composed of a feature extraction stage followed by a classification procedure, explore both the variations of parameters used as input and the classifier architecture. Tests were carried out with three styles of music, namely blues, classical, and lounge, which are considered informally by some musicians as being “big dividers” among music genres, showing the efficacy of the proposed algorithms and establishing a relationship between the relevance of each set of parameters for each music style and each classifier. In contrast to other works, entropies and fractal dimensions are the features adopted for the classifications.

  16. Functions of Narrative Genres for Lived Religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuija Hovi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the object and results of a study which combines the psychology of religion and folkloristics in the form of a qualitative analysis of empirical ethnographic material compiled from sources in a local neo-charismatic congregation called the ‘Word of Life’. Personal narrative is discussed as a genre which represents the collective tradition of a religious community. It is a socially-learned speech act and a means of interpreting and sharing religious experience, thus constructing and confirming the faith of the community, both individually and collectively. In the neo-charismatic tradition, everyday speech draws on a literal (biblical tradition as well as on socially-shared narrative genres such as ritual testimonies, prophecies, sermons and casual, personal narratives of co-believers. The faith-creative power of these stories can be found in their performative utterances and evaluative structures as well as in non-communication.

  17. « Le souvenir de la nature dans le sujet ». Une actualité de La Dialectique de la raison

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Moutot

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available On se propose de montrer que le « souvenir de la nature dans le sujet », un des thèmes majeurs de La Dialectique de la raison, trouve une actualité spécifique dans certains débats et travaux contemporains. Dans la mesure où elle est pensée sous la condition de la remémoration, et donc de son intrication avec l’histoire, l’expérience que le sujet peut faire de la nature en lui apparaît nouée à une visée critique et normative qui cependant se garde de toute surcharge naturaliste (telle qu’elle s’aperçoit par exemple dans les diverses conceptions d’une nature-modèle : contre la violence des identités socialement contraintes, il s’agit de prêter attention à ce qui atteste, à même les impulsions somatiques, le lien entre aspiration à la liberté et souci de ce dont on ne peut disposer (en termes adorniens, le « non-identique ». Une telle approche est susceptible d’éclairer les prolongements actuels de la Théorie critique, par exemple là où celle-ci s’efforce de penser les souffrances sociales.

  18. Contrat comme loi naturelle (rationnelle, penser le fondement de la validité du contenu du contrat en droit français et iranien des contrats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Shahabi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The contract looks like the natural law. This means the negation of the principle of the autonomy of the will and the will of Legislator as a basis for the validity of contractual content would be rejected. For, the foundation of creation and validity of natural law would not the will, but natural justice and natural equity. Therefore, the foundation of the validity for such a contract- similar to such a law- must be sought in justice and equity. Adopting such an approach, the principle of contractual justice and fairness- not the principle of the autonomy of the will or the principle of obligatory force of a contract- surface dominant. Such an approach could become more conductive to Iranian contract law. Neither will of legislator nor the principle of the autonomy of the will could be considered as the foundation of the validity of the contractual content in the Iranian legal system, all in order to deter the contract to be praised. It is God's will that determines the foundation of the validity of the contract and this will gives priority to the La Zarar and the negation of Hardship over other contractual principles.

  19. Penser sans parole? Le moment ‘empiriste’ dans la phénoménologie de Levinas dans l’optique derridienne

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sneller, H.W.

    2014-01-01

    El artículo se dedica a la crítica de Derrida a la cuestión del divorcio entre discurso y pensamiento en la obra de Levinas. El objetivo central es seguir los argumentos de Derrida contra Levinas cuestionando algunas de las suposiciones más importantes del ensayo Violencia y metafísica, todo en el

  20. Écrire et penser un site. Le site d'histoire sociale de l'ENS, naissance et développement

    OpenAIRE

    Rygiel, Philippe

    1999-01-01

    We describe here the birth and growth of a social history web-site, created in 1996 at the École Normale Supérieure. We try to define the context of its creation, the readership it attracted and the use of it for the research group that created it.; Ce récit de pratiques est consacré à la naissance et à la croissance d'un site web savant d'histoire sociale, né en 1996 à l'École Normale Supérieure. Il revient sur les circonstances de sa création et tente une évaluation de ses usages.

  1. Le « commerce d’amour-propre » selon Pierre Nicole

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Weber

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available La notion de « commerce d’amour-propre » telle qu’elle a été élaborée par Pierre Nicole constitue-t-elle une sorte de préfiguration de l’utilitarisme moderne ? Il est commun de le penser. Mais c’est peut-être là faire trop peu de cas du soubassement théologique augustinien de la doctrine de Nicole. Pour analyser le problème, il convient de confronter la pensée de Nicole à celles de Pascal, de Hobbes et de saint Augustin lui-même.

  2. La nouvelle bourgeoisie islamique. Le modèle turc, de Dilek Yankaya

    OpenAIRE

    Lelandais, Gülçin Erdi

    2016-01-01

    De nombreux travaux sur la Turquie contemporaine ont été réalisés ces dernières années en France. La plus grande partie d’entre eux se focalise sur le champ politique et ses évolutions, les minorités ethniques — notamment les Kurdes –, et sur des mobilisations sociales, politiques et environnementales comme la mobilisation autour du parc Gezi. Le livre de Dilek Yankaya ouvre un nouveau champ d’analyse avec sa recherche, pionnière en son genre en France, qui étudie l’émergence d’une nouvelle é...

  3. Devenir élue. Genre et carrière politique

    OpenAIRE

    Bérengère, Savinel

    2017-01-01

    L’ouvrage de Maud Navarre issu de sa thèse de doctorat en science politique se propose de mettre à l’épreuve l’hypothèse selon laquelle le « devenir élu.e » est marqué par un apprentissage spécifique des rôles politiques en fonction du genre. Pour ce faire, Maud Navarre mobilise une approche théorique en termes de « carrière » et de « rôle » afin de saisir les spécificités des processus de socialisation au « métier » en fonction des différents contextes institutionnels dans lesquels se déploi...

  4. Gisèle HALIMI, La Kahina

    OpenAIRE

    ALLOUCHE-BENAYOUN, Joëlle

    2010-01-01

    Est-ce un ouvrage historique ? Est-ce un roman ? Un roman historique ? Le lecteur est désemparé dès qu’il plonge dans l’ouvrage que Gisèle Halimi a consacré à la grande héroïne judéo berbère. Si l’on comprend bien l’intérêt de l’avocate féministe – par ailleurs juive et née en Tunisie – pour cette figure féminine de résistance, la gêne s’installe au fur et à mesure de la lecture, face à l’impossibilité de l’auteur de choisir un genre littéraire et de s’y tenir. Alors que le destin légendaire ...

  5. Pour un discours sur « le discours de l’affectivité »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narcis Zărnescu

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Le(s discours de l’affectivité ou les figures des passions aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles constituent un paradigme exemplaire pour la culture européenne et une problématique qui invite à penser ensemble philosophie et littérature, épistémologie et rhétorique, anthropologie culturelle et histoire des mentalités, sémiotique du corps et esthétique. L’étude reconstruit une « histoire» possible du discours affectogène, à travers la dimension pathique, le logos, le pathos et l’ethos jusqu’à l’univers non-verbal, où le langage et le discours ont été remplacés par des «forces» ou des formes, signes peut-être de la «mort» du discours ou de sa ré-forme et ré-évaluation. L’auteur considère que seule une pragmatique de l'altérité permettra de comprendre le paradoxe de la conscience contemporaine qui consiste à la fois à rendre la parole souveraine ou superflue et à réifier l'homme dans la triade «dogmatique» du logos-pathos-ethos.

  6. From Persuasive to Authoritative Speech Genres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørreklit, Hanne; Scapens, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to contrast the speech genres in the original and the published versions of an article written by academic researchers and published in the US practitioner-oriented journal, Strategic Finance. The original version, submitted by the researchers, war rewritten...... a world". Research limitations/implications: The choice of language and argumentation should be given careful attention when the authors craft the accounting frameworks and research papers, and especially when the authors seek to communicate the findings of the research to practitioners. However...

  7. The genre tutorial and social networks terminology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcio Sales Santiago

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the terminology in the Internet social networks tutorials. A tutorial is a specialized text, full of terms, aiming to teach an individual or group of individuals who need some guidelines to operationalize a computerized tool, such as a social network. It is necessary to identify linguistic and terminological characteristics from the specialized lexical units in this digital genre. Social networks terminology is described and exemplified here. The results show that it is possible to refer to two specific terminologies in tutorials which help to determine the terminological profile of the thematic area, specifically from the point of view of denomination.

  8. "Genre Means...": A Critical Discourse Analysis of Fourth Grade Talk about Genre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaenen, Inda

    2010-01-01

    This action research study investigates how genre theory can be integrated into the practice of a writing enrichment program and how the frameworks of Critical Discourse Analysis and Multimodal Analysis can help assess and improve both student learning and teacher practice. A multilayered exploration of teacher-student discourse in an urban public…

  9. Penser l’individu ? Sur un nécessaire changement de paradigme, 1.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldo Haesler

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available L’essence de l’homme, l’essence qui lui est particulière, n’est directement reconnaissable que dans la vivante relation. Le gorille est, lui aussi, un individu ; l’État des termites est, lui aussi, un collectif ; mais Je-et-Tu n’existe dans notre univers que parce qu’il y a l’Homme ; et le Je n’existe qu’à partir du rapport avec Tu. « L’homme-avec-l’homme » : c’est de la considération de cet objet que doit partir la science philosophique de l’homme, ...

  10. Gêneros textuais e letramento Genre and literacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria do Socorro Oliveira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste painel, discutimos a relação 'letramento' e 'gênero textual', considerando a rica complexidade que envolve não apenas esses objetos teóricos mas também a sua aplicação no domínio pedagógico, particularmente no que diz respeito ao ensino-aprendizagem de língua materna. Vincularemos a discussão a nossa experiência de ensino, pesquisa e extensão desenvolvida em programas de formação de professores, voltados para a mobilização de práticas transdisciplinares de natureza colaborativa e fortalecedora da ação docente. Nessa direção, indicamos os projetos de letramento como uma alternativa para o desenvolvimento de um trabalho contextualizado com os gêneros textuais.Our contribution to this panel intends to discuss how 'literacy' and 'genres' are related, taking into account the complexity involving not only these two theoretical concepts, but also their implementation in the pedagogical domain, especially related to mother tongue learning-teaching. We intend to discuss that based on our experience in teaching, research and extension developed at teacher education programs aiming at transdisciplinary practices of colaborative and strengthening nature. To accomplish this task, we suggest literacy projects as an alternative to develop a contextualized work with genres.

  11. Taming the Alien Genre: Bringing Science Fiction into the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucher, Kathrine T.; Manning, M. Lee

    2001-01-01

    Notes the popularity of the science fiction/fantasy genre, and offers a definition of these genres. Discusses teachers' reluctance to read or teach science fiction, but emphasizes its appeal and its usefulness. Discusses how teachers can select and use good science fiction books. Offers a checklist for evaluating such books, and suggests 18…

  12. Children's Acquisition of Literary Genre: Science Fiction versus Fantasy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shechter, Myriam; Schecter, Sandra R.

    Using ethnographic observations of 30 children in a multicultural inner-city fifth grade class over a period of one year, a study examined the children's classroom interactions with the literary genres of science fiction and fantasy, investigating their sequential acquisition of the constitutive elements of the two genres as well as their…

  13. Genre-Based Teaching and Assessment in Secondary English Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Icy

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates how genre can be used as an organisational principle to interweave teaching and assessment in the L2 school context. Relying on data from interviews and lesson observations gathered from two Secondary 1 (that is, Grade 7) Hong Kong classrooms, the study sought to discover how teachers implemented genre-based teaching and…

  14. Genre pedagogy in the mediation of socially-situated literacies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this article, the writer explores learner experience during the scaffolding of subjectspecific academic literacies using a genre pedagogical approach that views linguistic expertise as a socially-situated phenomenon. For the learners of this case study, the mastery of the descriptive report genre, in particular, was ...

  15. Genre, Identity, and the Brain: Insights from Neuropsychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Irene

    2016-01-01

    The article explores several perspectives on the interconnection between genre and identity, an issue that has generated significant scholarship in rhetorical genre studies. It suggests that current work in neuroplasticity--that is, changes in the brain that can occur through learning and experience--complicates and problematizes the issue and is…

  16. La catégorie de genre à l’épreuve des générations

    OpenAIRE

    Deschamps, Catherine; Selim, Monique

    2015-01-01

    Cet échange entre Catherine Deschamps et Monique Selim animé par Annie Benveniste offre à la réflexion une confrontation entre deux générations de femmes autour de la catégorie de genre. Passée dans le langage courant banalisé et normalisé, la notion de genre – qui a acquis sa légitimité scientifique – est ici interrogée au plan idéologique, politique, épistémologique. Ses effets de production de réalité et de consentement aux dominations multiples sont d’autre part soulignés. This exchang...

  17. RETHINKING ACADEMIC ESSAY WRITING: SELECTED GENRES IN COMPARISON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dedi Turmudi

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available How do opinion, discussion, and argumentative convince readers? How does each of them look different each other seen from the generic structure, and language use? This conceptual paper is exploring how three selected genres in academic writing differ from each other. By reviewing journal of related topic of recently published, the writer convinces that opinion genre is less strong in persuading readers, and argumentative is very strong in assuring readers, whereas discussion is neutral in affecting readers The implication is that each genre has its own place to make readers satisfied and each of which indicates the level of ego and sophisticated countering back the statement called rebuttal and arguments and example. By reading this article readers will detect the tone of each genre and to what extent does each genre reach the readers’ mind. The implication is that any teacher or lecturer is best recommended to present this model, particularly in EFL context.

  18. Audio Mining with emphasis on Music Genre Classification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meng, Anders

    2004-01-01

    Audio is an important part of our daily life, basically it increases our impression of the world around us whether this is communication, music, danger detection etc. Currently the field of Audio Mining, which here includes areas of music genre, music recognition / retrieval, playlist generation...... the world the problem of detecting environments from the input audio is researched as to increase the life quality of hearing-impaired. Basically there is a lot of work within the field of audio mining. The presentation will mainly focus on music genre classification where we have a fixed amount of genres...... to choose from. Basically every audio mining system is more or less consisting of the same stages as for the music genre setting. My research so far has mainly focussed on finding relevant features for music genre classification living at different timescales using early and late information fusion. It has...

  19. Le cheval, le cavalier et l’hippocentaure. Technique équestre, éthique et métaphore politique chez Xénophon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Blaineau

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available À l’épreuve du politique, la figure du centaure agit comme un réactif. La dualité de son être, la réunion des contraires, la fusion de la nature et de la culture, l’intrication de la bestialité et de la sagesse, de l’instinct et du raisonnement, de la démesure et de la mesure, composent un être bon à penser symboliquement, particulièrement pour les théoriciens du pouvoir. Ainsi dans Le Prince (XVIII, Machiavel prend-il comme exemple Chiron, qui enseigne à ses élèves la duplicité et l’usage d...

  20. The schematic structure of a genre and the logical-semantic relations in an example of argument genre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Maria Rossi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available From the focus on genre from the School of Sydney (ROSE; MARTIN, 2012 and the Systemic Functional Grammar (HALLIDAY; MATTHIESSEN, 2014, this article aimed to verify how the logic-semantical relation contribute to the organization of the Scheme Structure of a sample of the discussion genre. As predominant, it was verified hypotactical and paratactical relations of intensification, and simplexes.

  1. Genre analysis of linguistics research introductions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Porras

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of exploring genre analysis has been a trend in Applied Linguistics, not only for its interesting factor, but also because of its pedagogical implications. This study aimed to determine the overall structure, specifically the presence and conformity of moves and steps of the research introductions in the field of Linguistics. Twelve (12 available research introductions were analyzed using Create-A-Research-Space (CARS model. The findings revealed that moves and steps across the research introductions are present. Majority of the research introductions conformed to the CARS model, but did not necessarily follow the suggested sequence. Results imply that teachers of research writing should acknowledge and introduce the CARS model as a basis for teaching the method of writing research introductions effectively.

  2. Music genre classification using temporal domain features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiu, Yu; Kuo, C.-C. Jay

    2004-10-01

    Music genre provides an efficient way to index songs in the music database, and can be used as an effective means to retrieval music of a similar type, i.e. content-based music retrieval. In addition to other features, the temporal domain features of a music signal are exploited so as to increase the classification rate in this research. Three temporal techniques are examined in depth. First, the hidden Markov model (HMM) is used to emulate the time-varying properties of music signals. Second, to further increase the classification rate, we propose another feature set that focuses on the residual part of music signals. Third, the overall classification rate is enhanced by classifying smaller segments from a test material individually and making decision via majority voting. Experimental results are given to demonstrate the performance of the proposed techniques.

  3. Acoustic Features Influence Musical Choices Across Multiple Genres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barone, Michael D; Bansal, Jotthi; Woolhouse, Matthew H

    2017-01-01

    Based on a large behavioral dataset of music downloads, two analyses investigate whether the acoustic features of listeners' preferred musical genres influence their choice of tracks within non-preferred, secondary musical styles. Analysis 1 identifies feature distributions for pairs of genre-defined subgroups that are distinct. Using correlation analysis, these distributions are used to test the degree of similarity between subgroups' main genres and the other music within their download collections. Analysis 2 explores the issue of main-to-secondary genre influence through the production of 10 feature-influence matrices, one per acoustic feature, in which cell values indicate the percentage change in features for genres and subgroups compared to overall population averages. In total, 10 acoustic features and 10 genre-defined subgroups are explored within the two analyses. Results strongly indicate that the acoustic features of people's main genres influence the tracks they download within non-preferred, secondary musical styles. The nature of this influence and its possible actuating mechanisms are discussed with respect to research on musical preference, personality, and statistical learning.

  4. Le Sanskrit

    CERN Document Server

    Balbir, Nalini

    2013-01-01

    Cet ouvrage est destiné à tous ceux qui souhaitent se mettre ou se remettre à l'étude du sanskrit et ne peuvent y consacrer que quelques minutes par jour. En suivant le principe de la méthode quotidienne Assimil, vous acquerrez progressivement le vocabulaire et la grammaire de base qui sont nécessaires à la lecture des textes de la littérature sanskrite classique. Vous trouverez dans cette méthode une approche vivante de la langue et de la culture sanskrite classique à travers des textes d'abord adaptés pour le débutant puis authentiques. En quelques mois, vous manierez la langue sans efforts ni hésitation, de manière très naturelle. Les enregistrements reprennent l'intégralité des textes en sanskrit des leçons et des exercices de traduction du livre. Ils sont interprétés, à un rythme progressif, par des locuteurs natifs professionnels.

  5. Publications | Page 34 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Prévenir la violence tout en réduisant la pauvreté. Est-ce qu'un programme de réduction de la pauvreté peut aussi contribuer à réduire la criminalité et la violence? De nouvelles conclusions découlant de recherches financées par le CRDI portent à croire que cela pourrait être possible si ce genre de programme est mis en ...

  6. Publications | Page 33 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Prévenir la violence tout en réduisant la pauvreté. Est-ce qu'un programme de réduction de la pauvreté peut aussi contribuer à réduire la criminalité et la violence? De nouvelles conclusions découlant de recherches financées par le CRDI portent à croire que cela pourrait être possible si ce genre de programme est mis en ...

  7. Publications | Page 29 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Prévenir la violence tout en réduisant la pauvreté. Est-ce qu'un programme de réduction de la pauvreté peut aussi contribuer à réduire la criminalité et la violence? De nouvelles conclusions découlant de recherches financées par le CRDI portent à croire que cela pourrait être possible si ce genre de programme est mis en ...

  8. Delayering journalistic genres in the praxis of the new media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomić Boban

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available With this work we actualize the problem of application of journalistic genres in contemporary production of the press, radio, television and new media. We provide an overview of the different uses of journalistic genres in contemporary media, including identifying deviations and declination from the standardized norms for writing certain journalistic genres. We start from the premise that journalistic forms / shapes grouped into functional genres and, as such, represent the linguistic, narrative and discursive basis of each media. By this way we base our argument on the necessity of the existence of the necessary level of conventionality and standards setting writing techniques and construction of journalistic genres with the aim to preserve and improve the overall media discourse, language standard and increase the informativeness of the media as the most important communicative value and function. In this paper we point out the most common forms of deviation and destruction of some forms / shapes within the genres of contemporary journalism practice. The deviations we see as opportunity to improve the function of the journalistic narrative, but more often we see the danger of destruction of tissue and textual stratification of genres, forms of journalistic expression to new, hybrid and uncomplete forms that reduce the informativeness and increase ancillary or related attributes of journalistic text. In particular, we draw attention to the appearance of hybrid genres that intensify the relationship with the audience, actualize psycho-social relations and suggest value and differential categories and changes in audience behavior. The origin of the work we provide definition of layering genres and point to the potential dangers of disintegration threaten journalistic narrative. We point out potential solutions, the place and role of professional journalistic community, education institutions, science and public institutions in preventing and

  9. John Dewey, Une foi commune (1934 trad. fr., Les empêcheurs de penser en rond-La decouverte, 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romain MOLLARD

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Dépasser le dualisme entre les valeurs religieuses et la culture moderne issue de la science a été central dans l'agenda de bon nombre d'intellectuels et de libéraux religieux du XIXème. Dewey, né en 1859, l'année même de la publication par Darwin de L'origine des espèces, a toute sa vie essayé de comprendre les significations concrètes de ce dépassement dans les domaines de la psychologie, de la pédagogie, de l'épistémologie, de la métaphysique, de l'esthétique, de la morale et de la religio...

  10. Playing the Tune: Video Game Music, Gamers, and Genre

    OpenAIRE

    Summers, Tim

    2011-01-01

    This article proposes a particular approach to video game music, advocating the usefulness of genre-based enquiry. Two generic levels are active in video game music: ‘interactive genre’ (the type of game/interactive mechanism) and ‘environmental genre’ (the ‘setting’ of the game). The interaction between these levels produces the game’s music. By examining games within the same interactive genre, even if the environmental genre is markedly different, we can begin to uncover similar concerns, ...

  11. On the genre-fication of music: a percolation approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambiotte, R.; Ausloos, M.

    2006-03-01

    We analyze web-downloaded data on people sharing their music library. By attributing to each music group usual music genres (Rock, Pop ...), and analysing correlations between music groups of different genres with percolation-idea based methods, we probe the reality of these subdivisions and construct a music genre cartography, with a tree representation. We also discuss an alternative objective way to classify music, that is based on the complex structure of the groups audience. Finally, a link is drawn with the theory of hidden variables in complex networks.

  12. Genre Analysis in the Frame of Systemic Functional Linguistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Najih Imtihani

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Systemic Functional Linguistics is a linguistics approach which cop-siders not only the structure of the language but also its social context. In the Systemic Functional Linguistics the concept of genre is defined as a step-by-step activity to reach the goal. The concept of genre is used to describe the cultural context in a language. According to this view, text should be seen and observed in its interaction with the context and social background. For that, the genre analysis will constantly involve the linguistic social context in the forms of field, tenor, mode, schematic structure and its realization in the text.

  13. HYPOTHÈSES SUR L'ORIGINE DES BRUITS DU CŒUR ET DES ACCIDENTS DE DÉCOMPRESSION EN PLONGÉE : LA CAVITATION. HYPOTHÈSE SUR L'ORIGINE DE LA FERMETURE DES VALVES CARDIAQUES : LE RETARD A LA FERMETURE DES VALVES (COUP DE CLAPET) ET LE PHÉNOMÈNE DE VENTOUSE.

    OpenAIRE

    Venet , Richard ,

    2012-01-01

    Nous avons proposé, dans un travail antérieur, l'hypothèse d'un phénomène de cavitation à l'origine des bruits de Korotkoff. Encouragés par l'aphorisme de MacDonald comme quoi le phénomène de cavitation est plus fréquent qu'on peut le penser dans le système cardio-vasculaire, nous avons appliqué la théorie de Womersley aux enregistrements hémodynamiques exposés dans la littérature médicale. L'enregistrement simultané des pressions du ventricule gauche (PVG), de l'aorte (PAo) et de l'oreillett...

  14. Genre of khaghani’s elegies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Shanazari

    2016-02-01

    Abolhasan Tahami’s elegy by Naser Mohseniniya and Arezu Yazdanpanah Kermani. In Persian courtesy, elegy is often versified and it may have different genres, but the most frequently used genre up to the end of 8th century is the ode, and fragment genre, Refrain and compounding are next ranks. Among Khaghani’s elegies, twenty-one elegies are composed in ode genre, sixteen of which have row and five others do not have any row.   After ode, Fragment genre has more applicability in Khaghani’s Divan in elegies. Generally, he composed nineteen Fragments about the courtier and religious men. Khaghani also composed four composite-tie about his son mourning and government’s personnel. One thing to be noticed by poet about elegy is the proportion of verse with subject. Most of prosodic verses couldn’t be used in elegy. From the beginning of Persian poetry to the end of 8th century, Ramal poetical meter (faelaton foot is the most usable and Gharib poetical metre (faoulon foot is less usable one among others. In Khaghani’s Divan Ramal poetical meter with fifteen cases, the most usable poetical meter is elegy. After future, Mozare octagonal poetical meter (mafoulo faelato mafailo faelon and khafif poetical meter (faelaton mafaelon faelon are placed next with six cases. Mojtas poetical meter (mafaelon faalaton mafaelon faelon monsareh poetical meter (moftaelon faelato moftaelon fa and gharib poetical meter (faoulon faoulon faoulon faal are less usable poetric matre in Khaghani’s Divan about composing elegy.   In Khaghani’s elegies like other poet’s elegies, imagination has been shown differently. Although Khaghani couldn’t hide his influence from the coming event, he also does not give up imagology. According to the conducted studies, one should say that Khaghani made nice images in elegy; images followed by formality, but its amount is less than Khaghani’s other odes. Simile is presented more than other imaginations in Khaghani’s elegies. Next step belongs to

  15. The genre mask: Rhetorical style and audience activation in the investigation film

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gamaker, E.D.A.

    2015-01-01

    The Genre Mask discusses the use of genre and generic tropes as a mask for hidden or subversive meaning held beneath the familiar aesthetic of genre-observant film productions. This idea is approached from the perspective of genre classification and identification, and for the purposes of this study

  16. PROPRIETES CHIMIQUES ET BIOLOGIQUES DES HUILES ESSENTIELLES DE TROIS ESPECES DU GENRE PINUS POUSSANT EN ALGERIE

    OpenAIRE

    FEKIH, NADIA

    2015-01-01

    Le but de ce travail est l’étude de trois espèces médicinales et aromatiques appartenant au même genre Pinus de la famille des Pinacées, elles sont très utilisées par la population locale. La première partie de cette étude concerne l’extraction et l’analyse des huiles essentielles de P.halepensis, P.Pinea et P.pinaster par CPG et CPG/SM. La deuxième partie consiste en l’étude de l’activité antioxydante et anti microbienne des huiles essentielles. L’activité antioxydante est éva...

  17. Clever Toolbox - the Art of Automated Genre Classification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2005-01-01

    Automatic musical genre classification can be defined as the science of finding computer algorithms that a digitized sound clip as input and yield a musical genre as output. The goal of automated genre classification is, of course, that the musical genre should agree with the human classificasion....... This demo illustrates an approach to the problem that first extract frequency-based sound features followed by a "linear regression" classifier. The basic features are the so-called mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs), which are extracted on a time-scale of 30 msec. From these MFCC features, auto......) is subsequently used for classification. This classifier is rather simple; current research investigates more advanced methods of classification....

  18. Slechtnieuwsbrieven als genre: leren via observaties van experts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leijten, Marielle; De Smet, Milou; Van Waes, Luuk

    2011-01-01

    Leijten, M., De Smet, M. J. R., & Van Waes, L. (2011, June). Slechtnieuwsbrieven als genre: leren via observaties van experts. Presentation at the Onderwijs Research Dagen (ORD), Maastricht, The Netherlands.

  19. Le stéréotype dans le roman policier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marion François

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Le roman policier offre à l’étude du stéréotype une grande variété de redondances, lexicales et structurelles, qui permettent d’éclairer le concept même de genre, en fait issu du constat de stéréotypie. Il est également manifeste que contrairement aux idées reçues, les clichés font du texte policier un texte littéraire, parce qu’ils naissent d’images associées, distinctes de la réalité, qui révèlent d’ailleurs le cheminement même de l’écriture. Par ailleurs ces images jouent un rôle fondamental dans le plaisir du lecteur, comme dans les contes de fées de notre enfance. Les clichés ouvrent la porte des fantasmes : le stéréotype rejoignant l’archétype, les clichés policiers réactivent de nombreux mythes, le texte évoquant l’Autre Scène. Le constat de stéréotypie provoque l’écriture, en particulier parodique, et stimule le renouvellement et l’essaimage des clichés dans toutes sortes de textes, qui bénéficieront de la présence du déjà-lu, laquelle donne au lecteur une assise pour affronter l’inconnu et une expérience pour apprécier la nouveauté.

  20. GENRE ANALYSIS IN TEACHING ENGLISH FOR PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaudia Valdmanová

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available During their studies of general English at secondary school students obtain knowledge of the forms and meaning of words used in everyday situations, knowledge of grammatical components and frequently occurring language functions. Then they enroll in university to study a profession. English for Professional Communication is usually a part of their curriculum. Within it, they need to acquire communicative competence enabling them to enter a discourse community of experts. In addition to learning the terminology used in a profession they have to acquire sociolingual and discourse competences as well including generic one. It is a challenge that English teachers face when they decide to enclose authentic genres into their teaching materials. This paper presents suggestions how written genres can be used in teaching English for nurses. Most of the discourse and genre analyses relate to face-to-face doctor-patient encounters and nurses´ computer-mediated communications. To my knowledge, less attention has been given to written genres of the nursing discourse. Therefore the paper presents the most important concepts of genre, explains the roles of genre in organizational communication and gives a brief description of the discourse community of nurses and ways it uses task-oriented and patient-oriented genres as mechanisms of interaction.It also explains the purpose of individual genres. In the process of creating materials for learning professional English one of the most important tasks is the selection of suitable texts as they should meet learners´ needs and represent texts used in practice. I consider a Nursing Care Plan for a key text. Therefore, I present a detailed analysis of its parts focused on their communicative functions, description of standardized lexis, grammar structures and broken grammar rules. I suggest a method how to teach the Nursing Care Plan genre in English lessons and present tasks leading to the acquisition of receptive

  1. The Form is the Substance: Classification of Genres in Text

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    particularly good discriminator for a horoscope genre, the fact that it is an astrological sign and appears with other terms deemed astrological may well be...denominator prior to taking logs.) A misclassification matrix example is shown in Table 3. The true genre tag is indicated by row and the classifier’s...classifiers and is true even for the Naïve Bayes classifier which does poorly with presentation features alone. Applying a threshold to the classifier output

  2. Evaluating music emotion recognition:Lessons from music genre recognition?

    OpenAIRE

    Sturm, Bob L.

    2013-01-01

    A fundamental problem with nearly all work in music genre recognition (MGR)is that evaluation lacks validity with respect to the principal goals of MGR. This problem also occurs in the evaluation of music emotion recognition (MER). Standard approaches to evaluation, though easy to implement, do not reliably differentiate between recognizing genre or emotion from music, or by virtue of confounding factors in signals (e.g., equalization). We demonstrate such problems for evaluating an MER syste...

  3. Konstruksi Genre Dalam Film “the Lego Movie”

    OpenAIRE

    Natalia, Vivi

    2014-01-01

    “The Lego Movie” adalah film animasi dari produsen film Warner Bros yang menceritakan kehidupan dan petualangan Emmet, seorang konstruksi bangunan yang salah terdeteksi sebagai orang spesial yang mampu menyelesaikan masalah dunia. Film ini adalah sebuah film yang membawa konvensi-konvensi genre yang berbeda dibanding film-film animasi lainnya. Peneliti melakukan analisis genre terhadap film “The Lego Movie” menggunakan 6 elemen menurut Jane Stoke, yaitu setting, lokasi, peristiwa naratif, plo...

  4. Analisis Gameplay Game Genre Virtual Pet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abi Senoprabowo

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Game adalah struktur interaktif yang membuat pemain berjuang menuju sebuah tujuan. Game dapat memberikan emosi dan mood, menghubungkan dengan orang latihan, sarana latihan, serta dapat memberikan edukasi. Salah satu game yang berkembang saat ini adalah game bergenre Virtual pet. Game virtual pet merupakan game simulasi memelihara sesuatu. Virtual pet memiliki gameplay yang menarik dan menyenangkan yang membuat pemain seolah-olah benar-benar memiliki binatang peliharaan mereka sendiri. Virtual pet dianggap oleh sebagian besar penggunanya dapat memberikan kegembiraan serta rasa kasih sayang karena tingkat interaksinya yang baik. Banyak pengembang game pemula yang mengembangkan genre ini sebagai game yang mereka buat karena kemudahaan dan tingkat penggunanya yang banyak. Akan tetapi banyak dari pengembang game pemula tidak memperhatikan tingkat keberlanjutan game virtual pet yang mereka buat sehingga membuat pemain cepat bosan. Pada penelitian ini, analisis game bergenre virtual pet yang sudah sukses dibuat seperti Zombigotchi, Tamagotchi Unicorn, dan Bird Land, diharapkan dapat membantu para pengembang game pemula agar mengetahui cara merancang dan mengembangkan game virtual pet dengan baik. Kata Kunci: game, gameplay, virtual pet

  5. Le citoyen rieur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Rycman

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans la Pologne d’aujourd’hui, l’évolution des modèles d’engagement civique et politique s’opère plus particulièrement auprès des jeunes générations. Parmi les expériences nouvelles de participation politique, les nouvelles technologies de l’information et de la communication offrent des opportunités radicales de reconfigurer l’espace public. La jeunesse polonaise investit en masse le Web. Dans le flux de paroles affranchies circulant et dialoguant dans le cyberespace, nous nous intéressons ici au développement d’un discours qui emprunte au registre de la dérision et de la satire politiques. Une multitude de sites critiques, de nature apparemment contestataire, des sites d’opposition fondés sur le genre satirique, ont émergé comme réponse apportée à la situation politique. Cet espace public électronique représente une forme moderne de « folklore politique », contribuant au processus de socialisation des jeunes citoyens polonais.The laughing citizen. A modern form of civic commitment in democratic Poland?In present day Poland, the evolution of civic and political commitment models is above all the affaire of the younger generations. Among the current opportunities for political participation, the new information and communication technologies offer radical opportunities to reconfigure the public arena. Polish youth are flocking to the Web. Amongst the flux of frank points of views circulating and dialoguing in cyberspace, our interest here is the development of a discourse inspired by political and satirical derision. A multitude of critical, apparently anti-establishment, sites and general opposition sites using the satirical style have emerged as a response to the political situation. This public electronic space represents a modern form of « political folklore », contributing to the socialising processes of young polish citizens.El ciudadano que rie. ¿Nueva forma del compromiso cívico en la

  6. Choses vues, choses lues : le reportage à l'épreuve de l'intertexte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myriam Boucharenc

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Le reportage qui s’impose dès la Belle Epoque comme le genre phare de la grande presse d’information, est en passe de devenir durant l’entre-deux-guerres un nouveau genre litté­raire : la tentation de l’enquête touche alors un nombre considérable d’écrivains et non des moindres – Colette, Cendrars, Dorgelès, Carco, Soupault, Vailland... – pour n’en citer que quelques-uns. L’ambiguïté du genre tient notam­ment à sa double postulation, l’une vers la littéralité (la soumission à la « chose vue », l’autre vers la littérarité : la chose « écrite » mais aussi « lue ». Partant, le reportage entre­tient un rapport hésitant et duplice avec le jeu intertextuel qui, variablement assumé, semble remplir différentes fonctions parmi lesquelles une fonction polémique (de démar­cation par rapport aux genres mitoyens du roman d’aventures et du récit de voyage, une fonction poétique s’exerçant dans le paradigme restreint d’un genre à la recherche de ses rituels d’écriture propres, une fonction génétique enfin, dans la mesure où l’œuvre de l’écrivain bien souvent s’amorce, se poursuit ou se réfléchit dans l’écriture du reportage.

  7. The influence of game genre on Internet gaming disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Na, Euihyeon; Choi, Inyoung; Lee, Taek-Ho; Lee, Hyeseon; Rho, Mi Jung; Cho, Hyun; Jung, Dong Jin; Kim, Dai-Jin

    2017-06-29

    Background and aims Although Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has been investigated in detail, minimal research has been conducted regarding the influence of different game genres on IGD. The aim of this study is to compare the characteristics of members of game genre-specific groups with IGD and to identify factors associated with IGD status in each group in a large sample of adults. Methods Internet games were categorized into four genres: real-time strategy games, massive multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPG), sport games, and first-person shooter (FPS) games. Participants (n = 2,923) who usually played one of these games completed an anonymous online survey that collected sociodemographic, game usage pattern, and psychopathological assessment data. Results MMORPG and FPS game players more frequently met the criteria for IGD than participants in the other two groups. Differences between the IGD-suspected gamers within the genre-specific groups were observed for a few items, such as average game-playing time and the subscales of the behavioral activation system; however, the factors that contributed to the development of IGD within each game genre-specific group were found to be considerably different. Discussion and conclusions The findings of this study suggest that IGD is a stable psychiatric diagnosis encompassing users of a broad range of game genres. In addition, the development of strategies for the prevention of and early intervention on individuals at high risk for developing IGD may require consideration of the distinct characteristics identified as effective predictors of IGD in users of each game genre.

  8. Genre-adaptive Semantic Computing and Audio-based Modelling for Music Mood Annotation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saari, Pasi; Fazekas, György; Eerola, Tuomas

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates whether taking genre into account is beneficial for automatic music mood annotation in terms of core affects valence, arousal, and tension, as well as several other mood scales. Novel techniques employing genre-adaptive semantic computing and audio-based modelling are prop......This study investigates whether taking genre into account is beneficial for automatic music mood annotation in terms of core affects valence, arousal, and tension, as well as several other mood scales. Novel techniques employing genre-adaptive semantic computing and audio-based modelling...... related to a set of 600 popular music tracks spanning multiple genres. The results show that ACTwg outperforms a semantic computing technique that does not exploit genre information, and ACTwg-SLPwg outperforms conventional techniques and other genre-adaptive alternatives. In particular, improvements......-based genre representation for genre-adaptive music mood analysis....

  9. Falquet Jules, Hirata Helena, Kergoat Danièle, Labari Brahim, Le Feuvre Nicky, Sow Fatou(Dir., Le sexe de la mondialisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Giraud

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available L’ouvrage Le sexe de la mondialisation – Genre, classe, race et nouvelle division du travail mérite une grande attention de la communauté académique et au-delà, pour au moins quatre raisons. En premier lieu, cet ouvrage traite d’une question essentielle pour la compréhension du monde contemporain, celle de la dimension genrée de la mondialisation. En deuxième lieu, il réunit une équipe d’auteures et auteurs francophones et autres (plus de la moitié des textes sont traduits de l’anglais de pr...

  10. Genre et dynamique organisationnelle au Moyen Atlas : cas du douar Maâmar dans la région de Khénifra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatima Zahid

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Le droit au développement semble animer tous les efforts visant à promouvoir la montagne marocaine, dans toutes ses dimensions politiques, sociales, organisationnelles à travers des projets de développement dont le plus réputé au Moyen Atlas est le projet MEDA-Khénifra. Ses actions diverses et ambitieuses ont façonné un douar de la région par de nouvelles organisations qui ont impacté les relations sociales et en particulier les relations du genre. Nous analysons à travers ce cas l’impact des projets de développement sur les relations du genre et l’empowerment des femmes dans cet espace. Les enquêtes ont été menées sous forme de questionnaires et d’entretiens collectifs. Le projet a créé deux organisations formelles : une association de développement et une coopérative pour la valorisation des plantes aromatiques et médicinales. Les femmes n’ont pas été impliquées dans ces organisations et certaines d’entre elles ont été invitées à participer à deux groupements informels. Le premier, pour la production de plantes aromatiques et médicinales, est resté sous la tutelle des organisations formelles gérées par les hommes. L’autre, dédié à l’apiculture, est plus autonome et a mieux réussi. Par ailleurs, la montée en puissance des organisations formelles a conduit à une moindre capacité d’action des femmes au niveau du village, car elles n’ont plus sur ces organisations les droits qu’elles ont traditionnellement dans le cadre de la jmâa. Cette expérience montre qu’un projet de développement peut influencer négativement les relations de genre malgré les bonnes volontés. La réflexion sur la question de genre doit alors impérativement animer l’ensemble des actions des projets de développement.

  11. Literêre genre van die Daniëlverhale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Nel

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Literary genre of the stories in die Book of Daniel The literary genre of the stories in the book of Daniel has acquired a central position in modern research. Most researchers agree that the stories contain material that is older than the visions contained in Daniel 7-12. Corresponding to the narrative of Daniel and his three friends the following can be listed: the biblical stories of Joseph and Esther; the Assyrian story of Ahikar; the stories of Tobit and Judith; Daniel and Susannah; Daniel, Bel and the Snake; and the story in 1 Esdras 3:1-4:63. The issue regarding the genre of these narratives thus should be addressed. The article proposes that the Daniel stories be read as wisdom literature. Furthermore, the different opinions of the following researchers are discussed: W.L. Humphreys, J.J. Collins, R.R. Wilson, P.R. Davies, G.W.E. Nickelsburg, as well as S. Niditch and R. Doran. The conclusion arrived at is that no consensus on the classification of the genre of the stories exists and that the lack of a standardised system in the classification of genre hampers the discussion.

  12. Genre Fotografi yang Diminati oleh Fotografer di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnes Paulina Gunawan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available When speaking of progress, photography is one of the things that is experiencing a quite vast development, and relatively wide in terms of technology or its visual feature. What it means by visual feature here is that in a long period of time, a lot has changed in its idea or concept. Also, it means the print media, or even its printing technique. Moreover he most basic of all is its character of the result in the photo itself. Whether the object taken, moment or time of the photo shoot, all these factors quite represent several genres in photography. For example, if the photography is making a human being to become its model, it might mean a modeling photo shoot, kids, or family photo shoot. Also it might mean a studio/indoor photo shoot or an outdoor photo shoot, when speaking of genre category. If the photo taken is a moment or an event, it might be a journalistic genre or a documentation one. Several themes or visual feature in a photo shoot will become one of the aspects for us the subject to be able to categorize the kind of genre they are. Hence, those genres definitely serve different functions. 

  13. Exploiting link structure for web page genre identification

    KAUST Repository

    Zhu, Jia; Xie, Qing; Yu, Shoou I.; Wong, Wai Hung

    2015-01-01

    As the World Wide Web develops at an unprecedented pace, identifying web page genre has recently attracted increasing attention because of its importance in web search. A common approach for identifying genre is to use textual features that can be extracted directly from a web page, that is, On-Page features. The extracted features are subsequently inputted into a machine learning algorithm that will perform classification. However, these approaches may be ineffective when the web page contains limited textual information (e.g., the page is full of images). In this study, we address genre identification of web pages under the aforementioned situation. We propose a framework that uses On-Page features while simultaneously considering information in neighboring pages, that is, the pages that are connected to the original page by backward and forward links. We first introduce a graph-based model called GenreSim, which selects an appropriate set of neighboring pages. We then construct a multiple classifier combination module that utilizes information from the selected neighboring pages and On-Page features to improve performance in genre identification. Experiments are conducted on well-known corpora, and favorable results indicate that our proposed framework is effective, particularly in identifying web pages with limited textual information. © 2015 The Author(s)

  14. Exploiting link structure for web page genre identification

    KAUST Repository

    Zhu, Jia

    2015-07-07

    As the World Wide Web develops at an unprecedented pace, identifying web page genre has recently attracted increasing attention because of its importance in web search. A common approach for identifying genre is to use textual features that can be extracted directly from a web page, that is, On-Page features. The extracted features are subsequently inputted into a machine learning algorithm that will perform classification. However, these approaches may be ineffective when the web page contains limited textual information (e.g., the page is full of images). In this study, we address genre identification of web pages under the aforementioned situation. We propose a framework that uses On-Page features while simultaneously considering information in neighboring pages, that is, the pages that are connected to the original page by backward and forward links. We first introduce a graph-based model called GenreSim, which selects an appropriate set of neighboring pages. We then construct a multiple classifier combination module that utilizes information from the selected neighboring pages and On-Page features to improve performance in genre identification. Experiments are conducted on well-known corpora, and favorable results indicate that our proposed framework is effective, particularly in identifying web pages with limited textual information. © 2015 The Author(s)

  15. Patterns of choices on video game genres and Internet addiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Floros, Georgios; Siomos, Konstantinos

    2012-08-01

    In this study, we attempt to identify motives pivotal in choices made regarding online and offline game genres and assess whether they are meaningful predictors of Internet addiction. A separate goal was to determine how an assessment of Internet-related cognitions compares to criteria-based research instruments on Internet addiction, and demonstrate its clinical usefulness. We are using data from a cross-sectional study of the entire adolescent student population aged 12-18 of the island of Kos. Results indicate that specific game genres and motives for choosing a game are important predictors of Internet addiction, even after accounting for sociodemographic and Internet-use-related variables. Gender differences are not statistically important when we account for genre choices and motives for choosing them. Boys' thought content tends to revolve more around their Internet use compared to girls. Several patterns of motives to play specific genres were identified with the help of a canonical correlation analysis, demonstrating the fact that the simple observation of overt behavior is not enough to deduce the meaning of these actions for the individual. Using multiple measures of online addiction, examining genre preferences and underlying motives for choosing a game can be helpful in reaching a better understanding of the individual game player.

  16. Le harcèlement sexuel dans les universités au Royaume-Uni et au Mexique

    OpenAIRE

    Mendoza-Morteo, Marlen

    2015-01-01

    Harcèlement sexuel et violence de genre dans les universités Le problème de la violence de genre et du harcèlement sexuel dans les universités est une réalité mondiale qui existe tant dans les pays du « Nord » que dans ceux du « Sud ». Contrairement aux  mythes qui relient la violence de genre au statut socio-économique ou au niveau éducatif, la violence de genre est un phénomène indépendant de la classe sociale, de  la formation académique et de la race à laquelle on appartient. Cette étude ...

  17. Champs et discours d’un genre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Blanc

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article se propose d’élaborer – et de tenter, au moins partiellement, de résoudre – une question à laquelle je me suis souvent confronté, dans mes recherches consacrées aux traités de peinture néerlandais du xviie siècle, et qui est longtemps restée pour moi une véritable énigme : pourquoi l’Introduction à la haute école de l’art de peinture (Inleyding tot de hooge schoole der schilderkonst, écrite par le peintre et théoricien Samuel Van Hoogstraten et publiée en 1678, a fait l’objet d’u...

  18. Les modèles économiques du genre de la comédie musicale en Serbie et en France depuis 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janković-Beguš Jelena

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Le genre de la comédie musicale - ou musical en terminologie anglo-saxonne - représente un sujet d’actualité de la vie théâtrale serbe et française. La dernière décennie a donné un nouveau élan au genre, mais c’est notamment la période depuis l’année 2005 qui se caractérise par des nombreux changements importants dans la filière qui ont contribués au succès sans précédent de la comédie musicale à Belgrade et en Serbie. Mais aussi en France, dans un contexte le plus différent que possible du contexte serbe, l’année 2005 a donné de nombreux changements importants de la filière du théâtre musical en ce qui concerne la production et la réception du genre. Quand on observe la comédie musicale en Serbie et en France, il faut prendre en compte des différences de la nature terminologique mais aussi de la nature économique provenant de différents modes d’exploitation des spectacles.

  19. La confrontation des genres au tribunal au Moyen Âge (XIVe-XVIe siècles. Une relecture des relations de couples en conflit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Charageat

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available La conflictualité conjugale analysée avec le concept de genre, et pas seulement en vue de vérifier l’application ou non du droit matrimonial par les juges d’église, rejoint le courant davantage socio-anthropologique que juridique de l’histoire du couple en Occident au Moyen Âge. Un souffle d’optimisme historiographique provient de travaux récents, dans un champ d’étude où l’on tardait encore à apprécier la capacité des femmes à ne pas subir de tristes situations conjugales, faites de violence, de misère sentimentale et sexuelle. Il n’empêche que le conflit, au moment de sa création, son récit devant le juge, les attentes des litigants quant à sa résolution obéissent à un rapport de force entre genres clairement distingués entre eux jusque dans le choix des normes, des arguments invoqués, de la rhétorique judiciaire déployée dans les procès. Même lorsque le couple agit par collusion, le dialogue avec le juge obéit aussi à des différences de genre.The analysis of matrimonial conflicts using the concept of gender, which goes beyond the verification of whether judges applied or not canonical law, draws more on socio-anthropological trends in the history of the married couple in the middle ages than on legal trends. The new historiographical optimism present in recent works testifies to how women were able to refuse some matrimonial situations despite the existence of domestic violence, forced sexual abstinence (impotence and limited sentimental exchanges with their husbands. Nonetheless, this article highlights how gender determined the nature of every matrimonial conflict and its description before the judge. Gender underwrote as well the expectations litigants had in using lawsuits, given the power relationship between the sexes, even when wives and husbands sought  a judicial separation by mutual agreement.

  20. Between solidarity and argument: Interpersonal negotiation in two legal genres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krisda Chaemsaithong

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study presents a comparative examination of interpersonal negotiation in two monologic courtroom genres: the opening statement and closing argument. Drawing upon a corpus of three high-profile American trials, the quantitative and qualitative analysis identifies the traces and degree of the jury’s presence through lexico-grammatical resources, and reveals distinct interactional patterns, which are indicative of the interactive goals of the two speech genres. Such relational practice does not merely “oil the wheels” of courtroom communication, but also constitutes a key way in the meaning-making process of these genres. The findings attest to the centrality of relational work in accomplishing transactional goals in institutional discourses.

  1. The Perilous Life of a Linguistic Genre Convention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borchmann, Simon

    2014-01-01

    , the descriptions are more informative than the structures hitherto described by text linguistics. Secondly, as historical norms, they are a testimony to the development and change of language use. Thirdly, the descriptions contribute to language users’ awareness of the origin of standards, their understanding......The primary, theoretical aim of the article is to present a linguistic text analysis that differs from standard text linguistic approaches by being informative with regard to the linguistic choices and textual organisation that characterise a text as a social act. The analysis is exemplified...... by using texts of a relatively new Danish journalistic genre nyhedsanalyse (news analysis). The secondary, empirical aim of the article is to present a corpus-based, linguistic analysis of central elements of the genre nyhedsanalyse within the Danish system of newspaper genres. Text linguistics is based...

  2. Anthropology and Genre: Science Fiction – Communication of Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Žikić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Genre production uses the shared nature of cultural communication in order to establish certain kinds and models of cultural identity, and these identities go on to have a social and cultural existence outside genre communication. Anthropology insists on the shared nature of cultural communication, more precisely, on the fact that those who shape the information transmitted in this way have to share its code with the intended recipients. The anthropological study of genres is actually the study of certain cultural artefacts characteristic of the societies and cultures in which they have been created. on the fact that those who shape the information transmitted in this way have to share its code with the intended recipients. The anthropological study of

  3. Automatic music genres classification as a pattern recognition problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ul Haq, Ihtisham; Khan, Fauzia; Sharif, Sana; Shaukat, Arsalan

    2013-12-01

    Music genres are the simplest and effect descriptors for searching music libraries stores or catalogues. The paper compares the results of two automatic music genres classification systems implemented by using two different yet simple classifiers (K-Nearest Neighbor and Naïve Bayes). First a 10-12 second sample is selected and features are extracted from it, and then based on those features results of both classifiers are represented in the form of accuracy table and confusion matrix. An experiment carried out on test 60 taken from middle of a song represents the true essence of its genre as compared to the samples taken from beginning and ending of a song. The novel techniques have achieved an accuracy of 91% and 78% by using Naïve Bayes and KNN classifiers respectively.

  4. Music genre classification via likelihood fusion from multiple feature models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiu, Yu; Kuo, C.-C. J.

    2005-01-01

    Music genre provides an efficient way to index songs in a music database, and can be used as an effective means to retrieval music of a similar type, i.e. content-based music retrieval. A new two-stage scheme for music genre classification is proposed in this work. At the first stage, we examine a couple of different features, construct their corresponding parametric models (e.g. GMM and HMM) and compute their likelihood functions to yield soft classification results. In particular, the timbre, rhythm and temporal variation features are considered. Then, at the second stage, these soft classification results are integrated to result in a hard decision for final music genre classification. Experimental results are given to demonstrate the performance of the proposed scheme.

  5. BIOGRAPHY GENRE IN RUSSIAN LITERATURE: EUROPEAN AND BRITISH INFLUENCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia V. Ivanova

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the development of the genre of biography and life writing that influenced Russian biographical tradition. This tradition stems from Plutarch’s Comparative Biographies that influenced English life writing represented by such names as James Boswell, Lytton Strachey, and others. Philosophical premises of the English biography genre are to be found in the treatise Heroes, HeroWorship, and The Heroic in History (1841 by Thomas Carlyle. French tradition represented by Gaston Tissandier’s book Science Martyrs pursued the opposite aim: to honor ordinary scientists and inventors, responsible for the technical advance of the modern civilization. Wilhelm Dilthey and Georg Simmel practiced a different approach to life writing in that they conceived biography as the history of the person’s spiritual development. This conception had direct influence on the theorists of biography genre in Russia, G. O. Vinokur, and A. G. Gabrichevsky.

  6. “The Naming of Cats”: Automated Genre Classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunhyong Kim

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper builds on the work presented at the ECDL 2006 in automated genre classification as a step toward automating metadata extraction from digital documents for ingest into digital repositories such as those run by archives, libraries and eprint services (Kim & Ross, 2006b. We have previously proposed dividing features of a document into five types (features for visual layout, language model features, stylometric features, features for semantic structure, and contextual features as an object linked to previously classified objects and other external sources and have examined visual and language model features. The current paper compares results from testing classifiers based on image and stylometric features in a binary classification to show that certain genres have strong image features which enable effective separation of documents belonging to the genre from a large pool of other documents.

  7. Victims of gender violence: a rocky road to justice / Victimes de violence de genre : un chemin difficile vers la justice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Heim

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This work analyses the way in which the most important developments made in the sphere of victims’ rights were received and addressed by Spanish legislation on gender violence, and the most difficult obstacles that survivors of this kind of violence have to overcome to exercise their rights. L’articolo analizza: 1 le modalità tramite le quali la maggior parte delle importanti modifiche apportate ai diritti delle vittime sono state effettuate dalla legislazione spagnola; 2 gli ostacoli principali che le sopravvissute a questo tipo di violenza devono sormontare al fine di esercitare i loro diritti. Cet article porte sur deux volets : 1 l’analyse de la manière dont les changements les plus importants dans le domaine des droits des victimes ont été reçus et abordés par la législation espagnole sur la violence de genre ; 2 l’étude des obstacles majeurs auxquels se heurtent les survivantes de ce type de violence afin d’exercer leurs droits.

  8. LE CORBUSIER: CÓMO CONCEBIR EL URBANISMO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán López Mena

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Descartes dijo que existe unidad entre las obras de la naturaleza y las obras del espíritu humano. Sin embargo la destrucción de paisaje, al menos en nuestro país, sigue siendo directamente proporcional a la construcción de ciudad. Y la ciudad sigue creciendo haciendo tabula rasa de lo que antes existía hasta llegar a los límites, o bien físicos, el mar la montañas, etc., o bien, establecidos jurídicamente, limites de espacios de protección. Como si ya hubiéramos definitivamente desechado la posibilidad de que en nuestras ciudades naturaleza y artificio puedan convivir. Actualmente nos encontramos en un punto aún peor para corregir esto que cuando Le Corbusier publicó en el año 1946 en París, en l´Architecture d´Aujourd´hui, su Manière de penser l`urbanisme, de la cual se ha publicado ya la sexta edición en castellano con el título de Cómo concebir el urbanismo de Ediciones Infinito, Buenos Aires.

  9. Les vehicules spatiaux a source d'energie solaire Le Projet Phaetan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. VERNET-LOZET

    1964-06-01

    Full Text Available II est permis, a priori au moins, d'envisager un assez
    grand nombre de mdtliodes pour transformer l'6nergie solaire en energie
    utilisable pour la propulsion d'un vehicule spatial. Toutefois dans la mesure
    ou 1'on s'impose un certain nombre de conditions, entre autres celle de
    produire une poussee qui ne soit pas parfaitement negligeable devant le
    poids du vehicule, on constate que dans l'etat actuel de nos connaissances
    et de nos possibilitcs technologiques, il n'est guere raisonnable de penser
    utiliser une autre methode que celle, bien classique et sans doute demodee
    aux yeux de certains qui eonsiste a passer par l'intermediaire d'une machine
    thermique.
    II apparait clairement d'ailleurs que l'originalite d'un tel mode de
    propulsion ne reside pas dans le systeme de propulsion lui-meme qui pourra
    etre n'importe quel type de propulseur electrique, le clioix pouvant etre
    fait en fonction de la mission que l'on se propose d'effectuer et de la charge
    utile que l'on desire transporter, mais au contraire dans la conception de
    l'ensemble constitue par le miroir, la machine thermique et le condenseur.
    Nous nous proposons sur la base du projet « Phaeton » actuelleinent en
    cours d'etude a la Societe d'Etude de la Propulsion par Reaction, d'examiner
    un peu plus en detail qu'il ne l'a ete fait jusqu'ici, quels iinperatifs regissent
    le dimensionnement d'une telle machine.

  10. La construction de l’espace du football au féminin : un processus de construction du genre ?

    OpenAIRE

    Nneme Abouna, Marie-Stéphanie; Lacombe, Philippe

    2008-01-01

    De nombreux auteurs se sont interrogés sur (les conséquences de) la féminisation d’espaces professionnels. Notre interrogation porte sur un espace sportif et de loisir, le football ; et faut-il rappeler qu’en sport, hommes et femmes ne se mélangent ni ne s’affrontent, à quelques très rares exceptions prés ? Dès lors comment dans un espace d’évidence masculine, le football peut il se décliner au féminin ? Comment les femmes y créent elles et y trouvent elles une place ? Comment le genre fémini...

  11. Genre, the organization of knowledge and everyday life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jack

    2017-01-01

    as a communicative activity in everyday life. Method. This is a text-based argument which pulls together different sources for developing and discussing the contention. Analysis. I will start out with some brief reflections on digital media and communicative interaction. From there I will look into some steps...... already made toward understanding knowledge organization as an everyday activity, before providing some examples of how the organization of knowledge in digital media can be understood as genre-based communication in everyday life. Results. Due to the saturation of digital media in everyday life, genre...

  12. Music Genre Classification using the multivariate AR feature integration model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahrendt, Peter; Meng, Anders

    2005-01-01

    informative decisions about musical genre. For the MIREX music genre contest several authors derive long time features based either on statistical moments and/or temporal structure in the short time features. In our contribution we model a segment (1.2 s) of short time features (texture) using a multivariate...... autoregressive model. Other authors have applied simpler statistical models such as the mean-variance model, which also has been included in several of this years MIREX submissions, see e.g. Tzanetakis (2005); Burred (2005); Bergstra et al. (2005); Lidy and Rauber (2005)....

  13. Mapping the game landscape: Locating genres using functional classification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahlskog, Steve; Kamstrup, Andreas; Aarseth, Espen J.

    2009-01-01

    Are typical computer game genres still valid descriptors and useful for describing game structure and game content? Games have changed from simple to complex and from single function to multi function. By identifying structural differences in game elements we develop a more nuanced model to categ......Are typical computer game genres still valid descriptors and useful for describing game structure and game content? Games have changed from simple to complex and from single function to multi function. By identifying structural differences in game elements we develop a more nuanced model...

  14. Legitimacy, Self-Interpretation and Genre in Media Industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alacovska, Ana

    2015-01-01

    . In contrast to prevalent theorisations of paratexts as simultaneous hermeneutic and marketing frameworks that regulate a reader’s interpretive practices (reception) and/or media purchasing habits (consumption), I suggest that paratexts are vehicles through which media production companies engage in auto-communication......, that is, self-interpret with a view to legitimating an ethical, virtuous and authentic institutional self. I furthermore suggest that a media company’s paratextual legitimation efforts unfold in reference to the genre, under the label of which its media products are produced, promoted and distributed....... Genres are central to media institutions’ legitimacy, while the paratext is the principal conduit through which legitimation is conveyed....

  15. Co-occurrence Models in Music Genre Classification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahrendt, Peter; Goutte, Cyril; Larsen, Jan

    2005-01-01

    Music genre classification has been investigated using many different methods, but most of them build on probabilistic models of feature vectors x\\_r which only represent the short time segment with index r of the song. Here, three different co-occurrence models are proposed which instead consider...... genre data set with a variety of modern music. The basis was a so-called AR feature representation of the music. Besides the benefit of having proper probabilistic models of the whole song, the lowest classification test errors were found using one of the proposed models....

  16. Improving Music Genre Classification by Short-Time Feature Integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meng, Anders; Ahrendt, Peter; Larsen, Jan

    2005-01-01

    Many different short-time features, using time windows in the size of 10-30 ms, have been proposed for music segmentation, retrieval and genre classification. However, often the available time frame of the music to make the actual decision or comparison (the decision time horizon) is in the range...... of seconds instead of milliseconds. The problem of making new features on the larger time scale from the short-time features (feature integration) has only received little attention. This paper investigates different methods for feature integration and late information fusion for music genre classification...

  17. Le cerveau de cristal ce que nous révèle la neuro-imagerie

    CERN Document Server

    Le Bihan, Denis

    2012-01-01

    Montrer l’activité du cerveau s’appliquant à une fonction telle que parler, lire, compter ou simplement penser, voilà désormais ce que rendent possible les progrès récents de l’imagerie par résonance magnétique, l’IRM. Qu’il s’agisse de la perception musicale, des processus inconscients à l’origine de nos décisions, du développement du cerveau in utero, de l’étude des interactions entre gènes et environnement, de l’étude des anomalies pouvant être à l’origine de certaines maladies psychiatriques, les nouvelles techniques de la « neuro-imagerie » ouvrent des champs d’étude infinis et posent à l’éthique des questions inédites. Au croisement de la physique, des neurosciences et de la médecine, l’un des pionniers de ce domaine en pleine expansion donne, dans ce livre sans égal, les clés nécessaires pour comprendre ce que ces techniques vont apporter à notre connaissance de nous-mêmes. La découverte d’un univers fascinant, le nôtre, notre cerveau.

  18. Penser la sollicitude : les Écrits politiques d'Olympe de Gouges ou les Lumières en héritage (1788-1791)

    OpenAIRE

    Sinquin, Claire

    2017-01-01

    Le Siècle des Lumières a produit un grand nombre de bouleversements, non seulement dans le domaine politique, mais aussi les domaines économiques et sociaux. C’est dans ce contexte qu’Olympe de Gouges marque l’histoire. Par le biais de lettres, brochures, articles ou encore affiches placardées, Olympe de Gouges a cherché à influencer non seulement les institutions mais aussi l’opinion publique. En commençant par la dramaturgie, elle s’engage aux côtés des abolitionnistes de l’esclavage et lut...

  19. Nouvelles données sur la paléobiogéographie des genres Septimaniceras Fauré, 2002 et Crassiceras Merla, 1932 (Ammonitina) du Toarcien moyen

    OpenAIRE

    Jattiot, Romain; Rulleau, Louis; Latutrie, Benjamin

    2017-01-01

    Depuis sa première description, le genre Septimaniceras Fauré, 2002 a été systématiquement considéré comme un genre endémique, avec une répartition géographique limitée à la région des Causses et du Languedoc (France, province nord-ouest européenne). De même, l’espèce Crassiceras bayani (Dumortier, 1874), d’affinités méditerranéennes, était interprétée comme une forme spécifiquement nord-ouest européenne cantonnée au sud-est de la France, et ne dépassant pas la région lyonnaise en latitude no...

  20. Le laboratoire, le temple et le marché

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    De manière générale, les auteurs insistent sur le fait que c'est leur foi qui leur a .... nettement que dans de nombreux cercles, le besoin était vivement ressenti de ... Le Dr Kapur présente tout d'abord une brève discussion sur sa vision du ...... pour les soins aux enfants orphelins et aux pauvres et pour la renaissance des ...

  1. Analyse Aéropalynologique du Genre Casuarina (Casuarinaceae ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    7 sept. 2012 ... L'allergie au pollen, ou pollinose, est une affection saisonnière liée à la présence de grains de pollen des espèces anémophiles ... épidémiologiques ont montré que la prévalence ... l'olivier, le laurier rose, le pin, le cyprès, le.

  2. Les Amphipodes du genre Gammarus dans le Bassin d’Arcachon

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Labourg, P.J.; Pinkster, S.; Stock, J.H.

    1971-01-01

    Five species of the genus Gammarus have been found in and around the Basin of Arcachon (southwestern France). Short notes on the autecology of these species are given. Literature records of G. duebeni and of G. aequicauda from the Basin rest on confusion with other species, as is proved by

  3. Nouvelles données sur le genre Bragasellus (Crustacea: Isopoda: Asellidae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Afonso, Odette; Henry, Jean-Paul; Magniez, Guy

    1996-01-01

    From now on, the genus Bragasellus Henry & Magniez, 1968 includes 2 oculated and 17 stygobiotic species. As a natural and monophyletic taxonomic unit, we consider it a good genus. Its original area corresponds to the north-west quarter of the Iberian Peninsula. Secondarily, this area has extended

  4. Comprendre les liens entre le genre, la vulnérabilité et la violence ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    17 nov. 2016 ... Les résultats - fondés sur 2400 questionnaires, plus de 60 entrevues, enquêtes photographiques, surveillance médiatique et une revue de la littérature complète - indiquent que l'accès limité aux services et la vulnérabilité des ménages sont les principaux moteurs de la violence. Ces facteurs sont amplifiés ...

  5. A genre analysis of English language research grant proposal abstracts in Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Matzler, Pascal P

    2014-01-01

    The writing of English-language research genres represent a challenging task for non-native-speaker researchers. Grant proposals, in particular, are a high-stakes genre that will greatly influence a researcher’s career development opportunities; however, novice researchers are faced with an urgent lack of publicly available exemplars or teaching materials for this genre. The present study attempts to address this issue by means of Swalesian genre analysis. First, a move system analysis is app...

  6. Teenage sexual attitudes, norms, desires and intentions: The impact of preferred musical genres

    OpenAIRE

    Agbo-Quaye, Sena

    2006-01-01

    This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University. This thesis focuses on teenage sexual attitudes and norms as moderated by their preferred music genre. The research questions addressed here are: What are the genre differences in lyrical representations of relationships and male and female characteristics? What are young peoples' perceptions of the impact of these genre differences on their lives? How does genre preference influence...

  7. Topic Modeling Genre: An Exploration of French Classical and Enlightenment Drama

    OpenAIRE

    Schöch, Christof

    2015-01-01

    This version of the article is outdated. Please consider a more recent version here: https://zenodo.org/record/166356. The concept of literary genre is a highly complex one: not only are different genres frequently defined on several, but not necessarily the same levels of description, but consideration of genres as cognitive, social, or scholarly constructs with a rich history further complicate the matter. This contribution focuses on thematic aspects of genre with a quantitative approa...

  8. Favoriser une société plus égalitaire: lele des bibliothèques ?

    OpenAIRE

    Wenger, Marianne; Schneider, René

    2016-01-01

    Lele des bibliothèques publiques est de mettre à disposition de la population de la documentation adaptée aux différents publics qui la fréquentent mais aussi d’informer la population sur des questions d’actualité. Les études de genre faisant partie intégrante de la société actuelle, les bibliothèques ont pour devoir de fournir de la documentation sur ce thème. La mise en avant de l’égalité des genres et l’abolition des clichés sexistes que l’on trouve dans les documents pour enfants sont ...

  9. Variable discursive constructions of three genres of science ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The present study reports on a comparison of the research article, university textbook and science news article as a preamble to capturing ideological differences between these three genres of scientific writing. The linguistic dimension to the comparison relies on Systemic Functional Linguistics, specifically the ...

  10. Language Genre Transitions in a Secondary School Physics Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bower, M. W.; Ellerton, N. F.

    2007-01-01

    The research reported in this paper addressed the nature of transitions between language genres in school physics. In this qualitative study, quasi-ethnographic methods were employed to understand the culture of one secondary school physics classroom in the USA. One teacher and his physics students were the participants. The teacher was…

  11. GENRE MIGRATION IN “ARTIST” BY NIKOLA PETROV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdan ALEXANDROV

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The study aims at identifying, examining and analyzing the Dynamics in the genre of the picture “Artist” by Nikola Petrov and the reasons for its migration aspirations. Evidence is argumentatively applied in defence of the thesis that at different stages of the artistic life of the work it comes under three well-grounded distinct painting genres; self-portrait, portrait (single and double and one figure composition (with the “presence” of a latent image. The hypothesis of genre migration is built on the basis of circumstances and facts that “accompany” the work from its creation till becoming part of a donation by the heirs of the author to a gallery in his hometown. An idea is argued that the simultaneous presence of several genres in the painting is unique for Bulgarian art from the early 20th century, which dimensions could only be rationalized when compared with current ideas and practices in art and nowadays views of portraying in particular. An inference is made in the text by proving that the hypothesis also applies to subsequent paradigm shifts with the time regarding portraying.

  12. Flow Genres: The Varieties of Video Game Experience

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hrabec, O.; Chrz, Vladimír

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 7, č. 1 (2015), s. 1-19 ISSN 1942-3888 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP407/12/2432 Institutional support: RVO:68081740 Keywords : flow * optimal experience * genre * video game Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  13. Music Genre Classification Using MIDI and Audio Features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cataltepe, Zehra; Yaslan, Yusuf; Sonmez, Abdullah

    2007-12-01

    We report our findings on using MIDI files and audio features from MIDI, separately and combined together, for MIDI music genre classification. We use McKay and Fujinaga's 3-root and 9-leaf genre data set. In order to compute distances between MIDI pieces, we use normalized compression distance (NCD). NCD uses the compressed length of a string as an approximation to its Kolmogorov complexity and has previously been used for music genre and composer clustering. We convert the MIDI pieces to audio and then use the audio features to train different classifiers. MIDI and audio from MIDI classifiers alone achieve much smaller accuracies than those reported by McKay and Fujinaga who used not NCD but a number of domain-based MIDI features for their classification. Combining MIDI and audio from MIDI classifiers improves accuracy and gets closer to, but still worse, accuracies than McKay and Fujinaga's. The best root genre accuracies achieved using MIDI, audio, and combination of them are 0.75, 0.86, and 0.93, respectively, compared to 0.98 of McKay and Fujinaga. Successful classifier combination requires diversity of the base classifiers. We achieve diversity through using certain number of seconds of the MIDI file, different sample rates and sizes for the audio file, and different classification algorithms.

  14. Genre of Music and Lyrical Content: Expectation Effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballard, Mary E; Dodson, Alan R; Bazzini, Doris G

    1999-12-01

    This study was designed to examine whether people's expectations differ regarding how music lyrics affect individual behavior as a function of music genre. Because legislative attention and media publicity have been biased against certain types of popular music (i.e., heavy metal and rap), the authors expected that those genres of music would be viewed more negatively than other genres of popular music, for which there has been little or no negative publicity (i.e., pop and country). Participants (N = 160 college students) rated their perceptions of how the lyrical content of a song would affect listeners' behavior. The authors presented prosocial or antisocial lyrical passages to students (N = 160) under the guise of four musical genres (heavy metal, rap, pop, and country). Participants rated the potential impact of the lyrics on listeners' behavior. Findings indicated that lyrics labeled as heavy metal or rap were perceived as less likely to inspire prosocial behavior but not more likely to inspire antisocial behavior than the same lyrics labeled as country or pop.

  15. Music Genre Classification Using MIDI and Audio Features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Sonmez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We report our findings on using MIDI files and audio features from MIDI, separately and combined together, for MIDI music genre classification. We use McKay and Fujinaga's 3-root and 9-leaf genre data set. In order to compute distances between MIDI pieces, we use normalized compression distance (NCD. NCD uses the compressed length of a string as an approximation to its Kolmogorov complexity and has previously been used for music genre and composer clustering. We convert the MIDI pieces to audio and then use the audio features to train different classifiers. MIDI and audio from MIDI classifiers alone achieve much smaller accuracies than those reported by McKay and Fujinaga who used not NCD but a number of domain-based MIDI features for their classification. Combining MIDI and audio from MIDI classifiers improves accuracy and gets closer to, but still worse, accuracies than McKay and Fujinaga's. The best root genre accuracies achieved using MIDI, audio, and combination of them are 0.75, 0.86, and 0.93, respectively, compared to 0.98 of McKay and Fujinaga. Successful classifier combination requires diversity of the base classifiers. We achieve diversity through using certain number of seconds of the MIDI file, different sample rates and sizes for the audio file, and different classification algorithms.

  16. The Use of Genre-Specific Evaluation Criteria for Revision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philippakos, Zoi A.; MacArthur, Charles A.

    2016-01-01

    Revision is a challenging step of the writing process and students often focus their attention to mechanics or grammar instead of making organizational and meaning changes. It is important for students to critically read and independently evaluate their work when revising. This practitioner article discusses the importance of genre-specific…

  17. An Interpretation of Two Oromo Folklore Genres Integrated to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this study was to analyze and interpret the meanings of two selected folklore genres namely: riddle and pastoral song portrayed in primary Oromo language student text books integrated to enhance the language skills, knowledge, attitude and cultural values of the children. Qualitative method was employed ...

  18. From Novice to Disciplinary Expert: Disciplinary Identity and Genre Mastery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dressen-Hammouda, Dacia

    2008-01-01

    A student's emerging genre mastery is a complex process which involves learning not only relevant discoursal forms, but also a wide range of specialist knowledge frames. Recent research suggests that these knowledge frames are acquired during the development of a student's disciplinary identity. Although disciplinary identity clearly contributes…

  19. Mock Games: A New Genre of Pervasive Play

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Martin; Ludvigsen, Martin

    2006-01-01

    mock games as a genre and show that it is not covered well by any one of the reviewed theories, taking into account both social and technical aspects. Then we present a design example of such a system, DARE! We conclude by discussing ethical issues and set goals for future research....

  20. The Grief Account: Dimensions of a Contemporary Bereavement Genre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dennis, Michael Robert

    2008-01-01

    The genre of the grief account is identified to include published narratives of surviving grief. Thematic analysis of Andrew Holleran's (2006) "Grief: A Novel," Lolly Winston's (2004) "Good Grief: A Novel," Joan Didion's (2005) "The Year of Magical Thinking," and J. Canfield and M. V. Hansen's (2003) "Chicken Soup for the Grieving Soul: Stories…

  1. Grammatical realization of Russian etiquette speech genres: The ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The article is devoted to the issue of grammatical approach application during the teaching of Russian etiquette speech for foreigners. In the practice of teaching Russian as a foreign language, the issues related to the development of etiquette speech genres arise at all stages of language learning, beginning with the first ...

  2. An Analysis of the GTZAN Music Genre Dataset

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sturm, Bob L.

    2012-01-01

    Most research in automatic music genre recognition has used the dataset assembled by Tzanetakis et al. in 2001. The composition and integrity of this dataset, however, has never been formally analyzed. For the first time, we provide an analysis of its composition, and create a machine...

  3. A Survey of Evaluation in Music Genre Recognition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sturm, Bob L.

    2012-01-01

    Much work is focused upon music genre recognition (MGR) from audio recordings, symbolic data, and other modalities. While reviews have been written of some of this work before, no survey has been made of the approaches to evaluating approaches to MGR. This paper compiles a bibliography of work...

  4. Genre Transformation of the Fairy Tale in Contemporary Russian Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina Zueva

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This research is devoted to some peculiarities of structure and semantics of contemporary Russian fairy tale. The analyzed genre model is quite actual in the literature of modern turn of the centuries. It is actualized in the creativity of L. Petrushevskaya, A. Kabakov, B. Akunin, M. Fray, D. Bykov, etc. This is connected with the universality of themes and problems and the dynamics of structure of genre analyzed. Modern literature process suggests the use of various genre forms (including fairy-tale one in the context of realization of game strategies of world construction with the deconstruction principle domination. The usage of the most productive for such kind of research methods (structural-semantical and comparative ones gives grounds for understanding the specifics of realization of deconstruction principle through the variety of forms and meanings. For example, the scheme of “genre memory” is widely used in contemporary fairy tale. If that scheme deals with the sphere of semantics, then structural components are actively deconstructed (e.g. fairy tales by L. Petrushevskaya. If the meaningful fairy tale composition models are actualized, then the semantic component is widely transformed (e.g. Moscow Fairy Tales by A. Kabakov. The most important peculiarity of contemporary fairy tale is the integration of fairy tale, legendary, mythological and literary plots to the one game system. The result of this is on the one hand travestying of the iconic plots, on the other hand achieving the new meanings due to including context mechanisms.

  5. Replication Research in Comparative Genre Analysis in English for Academic Purposes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basturkmen, Helen

    2014-01-01

    In recent years a number of comparative studies based on an established approach to genre analysis have been published in the English for Academic Purposes (EAP) literature. Studies in this emerging strand of research typically aim to identify how the rhetorical structure of a particular genre (a text type) or part of a genre may vary across…

  6. Mandatory Genres: The case of European Public Assessment Report (EPAR) summaries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Askehave, Inger; Zethsen, Karen K.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this article is to consider the nature of mandatory genres (legally regulated genres) emanating from European Union directives and point to the challenges which such genres pose due to their legal origin and complex text production and text reception processes. Taking its point of depa...

  7. Genre et scolarisation à Madagascar Gender and schooling in Madagascar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noro Ravaozanany

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Malgré des progrès récents, le taux de scolarisation des filles reste inférieur à celui des garçons dans la majorité des pays d’Afrique subsaharienne. Les causes de la sous-scolarisation des filles sont nombreuses. Elles tiennent tant à des facteurs d’offre (écoles en nombre insuffisant, éloignées, etc. qu’à des facteurs de demande (investissement dans la scolarisation des filles jugée comme non rentable, crainte de l’émancipation des femmes éduquées, etc.. Dans ce contexte, Madagascar est souvent présentée comme une exception : les taux de scolarisation sont élevés et on observe une grande parité entre les filles et les garçons. Toutefois, au sein même des écoles, les filles et les garçons ne sont pas traités de la même façon. Douze écoles ont été observées, des entretiens ont été menés auprès d’enseignants et des focus group avec des élèves ont été réalisés. Les analyses de ces données montrent que les discours et les pratiques perpétuant des stéréotypes de genre sont nombreux et que ces stéréotypes sont intégrés par les enseignants et par les élèves.Despite rising educational levels across much of the African world, gender inequities in education persist. Girls are less likely to attend school than boys. Researchers have suggested various explanations for the gender gap in education in Africa. The lack of primary schools in many developing countries and norms regarding female education discourage parents from investing in their daughters’ education. In Sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar is an exception: most children receive education; boys and girls are enrolled in primary schools in equal numbers. However, our objective is to explore gender segregation, and the treatment of boys and girls in primary schools during the lessons and playtime. Twelve schools were included in the study; teachers completed in-depth interviews and focus groups with students were interviewed. Our findings

  8. Analyse de discours et inégalités sociales: de l’empathie pour les invisibles à l’engagement pour le commun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Rabatel

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available L’article analyse le lien entre inégalités sociales et invisibilité puis étudie quelques exemples de luttes de reconnaissance. Il interroge ensuite les précautions à prendre pour que l’analyse de discours rende compte de l’invisibilité sociale lorsqu’elle est redoublée par l’invisibilité médiatique et linguistique – avec des phénomènes d’effacement énonciatif, de naturalisation, de prise en compte énonciative qui ne vont pas jusqu’à la prise en charge. À cette fin, il liste des conditions épistémologiques, méthodologiques et théoriques faisant système concernant: l’articulation entre linguistique et réalité extralinguistique; la problématisation de la notion de représentation; le rapport des corpus marginaux à la norme; l’interprétation de la dualité marqué/non marqué en termes de continuums; la prise en compte des stratégies de communication formatées par les situations, par les choix discursifs révélateurs des intentions des locuteurs; une analyse de discours critique (aux antipodes des postures de dénonciation en appui sur des vérités monologiques; le choix de l’interdisciplinarité; l’analyse empathique – non seulement envers différents acteurs, mais envers des groupes, des façons de penser conflictuelles –, afin de pouvoir mieux penser la place et la contribution des uns et des autres dans la co-construction d’un (bien commun partagé.

  9. Transferring Generic Features and Recontextualizing Genre Awareness: Understanding Writing Performance in the ESP Genre-Based Literacy Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, An

    2007-01-01

    Despite the impact of the ESP genre-based framework of teaching discipline-specific writing to L2 learners, especially to L2 graduate students, the writing performance of learners in such a framework is still not fully explored. In this paper, I analyze three article introductions written by a Chinese-speaking graduate student in electrical…

  10. Classifying web genres in context: a case study documenting the web genres used by a software engineer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Montesi, M.; Navarrete, T.

    2008-01-01

    This case study analyzes the Internet-based resources that a software engineer uses in his daily work. Methodologically, we studied the web browser history of the participant, classifying all the web pages he had seen over a period of 12 days into web genres. We interviewed him before and after the

  11. RETOUR À DELPHES : sur le rapport entre littérature et psychanalyse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc De Kesel

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Partant d’une analyse de l’oracle d’Œdipe, cet essai développe l’essence de la théorie psychanalytique impliquant une critique des paradigmes de la science moderne. Ce sont ces paradigmes qui la rendent incapable à penser le sujet (y compris le sujet de la science. A cause de cette incapacité un autre champ de savoir s’est développé dans les temps modernes, qui est le champ de la littérature. C’est pourquoi, comme le disait déjà Freud, la psychanalyse comme ‘science du sujet’ et la littérature comme ‘savoir du sujet’ ont de grandes affinités. C’est dans l’engagement idiosyncrasique du sujet dans sa lecture ou son écriture – et là seul – que se trouve le lien entre littérature et psychanalyse. C’est aussi là que se montre la raison pour laquelle toute intention d’appliquer la psychanalyse à la littérature est vouée à l’échec. La psychanalyse aussi bien que la littérature doit confronter son affirmation de la fiction au déni total de la fiction dans les sciences hu-maines. Dans un temps où la civilisation de l’image est en train de remplacer la réalité, cette position conjointe de la littérature et de la psychanalyse est plus que nécessaire.

  12. Le vieillard et le chevalier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mélanie JECKER

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available La fin du Moyen Âge fascine. Deux facteurs principaux expliquent l’attraction qu’exerce cette période : elle apparaît d’une part comme un moment historique riche car double, phase de transition entre le Moyen Âge et la Renaissance, où se mêlent des cadres de représentation anciens et nouveaux. L’insinuation d’une pensée humaniste balbutiante s’y traduirait notamment par l’émergence de la notion d’individu, qui constitue l’un des objets de ce travail. Il faut invoquer, d’autre part, l’image macabre d’un bas Moyen Âge hanté par l’idée de la maladie et de la mort depuis l’épidémie de peste noire de 1348, obsédé par la brièveté de la vie humaine. Ces deux facettes de « l’automne du Moyen Âge » tel que l’évoque avec poésie Joan Huizinga sont-elles autre chose qu’une plaisante image d’Epinal? Cette étude cherche précisément à déterminer le degré de validité de ces deux topiques, à travers l’analyse de la représentation des âges de la vie dans un corpus bien défini, celui de la biographie chevaleresque castillane du XVe siècle. L’intérêt porté à l’individu, la conscience de la singularité impliquent en effet celle du caractère mouvant de la personne, or quel thème mieux que celui des âges permet de confirmer ou d’infirmer l’hypothèse du surgissement d’une nouvelle manière de concevoir l’homme, proprement « renaissante », en ce siècle de transition , La nature même du corpus retenu – des récits biographiques – suggère en effet une mutation dans l’appréhension de la personne, une attention prêtée à sa progressive transformation. L’étude de la représentation de la vieillesse, en particulier, révèle non seulement à quel point était alors réelle cette prétendue obsession de la déchéance physique et de la mortalité, mais aussi dans quelle mesure étaient soulignés et valorisés les changements individuels parallèles à l

  13. Music genre preference and tempo alter alpha and beta waves in human non-musicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hunter Gentry

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the effects of music genre and tempo on brain activation patterns in 10 nonmusicians.Two genres (rock and jazz and three tempos (slowed, medium/normal, andquickened were examined using EEG recording and analyzed through Fast Fourier Transform(FFT analysis. When participants listened to their preferred genre, an increase in alpha waveamplitude was observed. Alpha waves were not significantly affected by tempo. Beta waveamplitude increased significantly as the tempo increased. Genre had no effect on beta waves. Thefindings of this study indicate that genre preference and artificially modified tempo do affectalpha and beta wave activation in non-musicians listening to preselected songs.

  14. The Double Feedback Loop and the Parameter Theory of Text Genres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bundgaard, Peer; Østergaard, Svend

    2014-01-01

    on the first feedback loop: the way genres develop as deviations from existing text types and then stabilize as text types proper with a normative import. The second scope of this article consists in developing a typological apparatus consistent with the dynamic approach to the emergence of genres. This is our...... parameter theory of genres which is presented in Section 3. Here we consider genres as governed by parameters external to them and intrinsic to the situations they are dynamically related to. Genres should thus be understood not simply in terms of inherent textual or formal traits, but also relative...

  15. HYPOTHÈSES SUR L'ORIGINE DES BRUITS DU CŒUR ET DES ACCIDENTS DE DÉCOMPRESSION EN PLONGÉE : LA CAVITATION. HYPOTHÈSE SUR L'ORIGINE DE LA FERMETURE DES VALVES CARDIAQUES : LE PHÉNOMÈNE DE VENTOUSE.

    OpenAIRE

    Venet , Richard ,; Pavie , Alain; Leger , Philippe

    2012-01-01

    Nous avons proposé, dans un travail antérieur, l'hypothèse d'un phénomène de cavitation à l'origine des bruits de Korotkoff. Encouragés par l'aphorisme de MacDonald comme quoi le phénomène de cavitation est plus fréquent qu'on peut le penser dans le système cardio-vasculaire, nous avons appliqué la théorie de Womersley aux enregistrements hémodynamiques exposés dans la littérature médicale. L'enregistrement simultané des pressions du ventricule gauche (PVG), de l'aorte (PAo) et de l'oreillett...

  16. le du couvre-sol dans le développement du chancre bactérien dans les vergers d’abricotiers

    OpenAIRE

    Peyre, Manon

    2017-01-01

    Le genre Pseudomonas, inclut plusieurs espèces de bactéries phytopathogènes, comme les Pseudomonas syringae qui provoque la bactériose, maladie conduisant généralement à la mort des arbres fruitiers. A l’heure actuelle, les moyens de lutte contre P. syringae sont très réduits ou inexistants. Ainsi, des méthodes alternatives ou lele de certains éléments comme la présence de réservoirs de la bactérie sont en cours d’étude. Partant de l’hypothèse que le couvre-sol pourrait être une source...

  17. Ecrivains français de Page classique proposés pour l'enseignement du F.LE. en Espagne aux 18e et 19e siècles

    OpenAIRE

    Fischer Hubert, Denise

    2015-01-01

    L'étude de la littérature dans les manuels de FLE est assez tardive. L'accent est surtout mis, aux 17e et 18° siècles, sur les règles de grammaire, de prononciation et aussi sur le «français fonctionnel» (dialogues utiles aux marchands et voyageurs qui se déplacent en France et ont besoin d'une phraséologie courante). A la fin du 18e et au 19e siècle, on commence à penser que la lecture des grands classiques est un point important dans l'étude de la langue. Le grammairien se réfère sans cesse...

  18. Mortalité du tourteau Cancer pagurus provoquée par le dinoflagelle parasite : Hematodinium sp.

    OpenAIRE

    Latrouite, Daniel; Morizur, Yvon; Noel, Philippe; Chagot, Dominique; Wilhelm, G

    1988-01-01

    Suite à des mortalités hivernales inhabituelles, des recherches d'agent pathogène chez des tourteaux, Cancer pagurus, ont conduit à l'identification d'un dinoflagellé parasite du genre Hematodinium dans le sang de ces crustacés. Des tourteaux en provenance de divers secteurs de pêche (Manche, Iroise, Golfe de Gascogne, Ecosse) et de la zone intertidale de la Manche ont été examinés. Le parasite a été trouvé partout et quelle que soit la saison. Le taux d'infection serait plus faible au large ...

  19. Musical genres: beating to the rhythms of different drums

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correa, Debora C; Costa, Luciano da F [Instituto de Fisica de Sao Carlos - Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av. Trabalhador Sao Carlense 400, Caixa Postal 369, CEP 13560-970, Sao Carlos, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Saito, Jose H, E-mail: deboracorrea@ursa.ifsc.usp.b, E-mail: luciano@ursa.ifsc.usp.b [Departamento de Computacao-Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, Rodovia Washington Luis, km 235, SP-310, CEP 13565-905, Sao Carlos, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2010-05-15

    Online music databases have increased significantly as a consequence of the rapid growth of the Internet and digital audio, requiring the development of faster and more efficient tools for music content analysis. Musical genres are widely used to organize music collections. In this paper, the problem of automatic single and multi-label music genre classification is addressed by exploring rhythm-based features obtained from a respective complex network representation. A Markov model is built in order to analyse the temporal sequence of rhythmic notation events. Feature analysis is performed by using two multivariate statistical approaches: principal components analysis (unsupervised) and linear discriminant analysis (supervised). Similarly, two classifiers are applied in order to identify the category of rhythms: parametric Bayesian classifier under the Gaussian hypothesis (supervised) and agglomerative hierarchical clustering (unsupervised). Qualitative results obtained by using the kappa coefficient and the obtained clusters corroborated the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  20. Musical genres: beating to the rhythms of different drums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa, Debora C.; Saito, Jose H.; Costa, Luciano da F.

    2010-05-01

    Online music databases have increased significantly as a consequence of the rapid growth of the Internet and digital audio, requiring the development of faster and more efficient tools for music content analysis. Musical genres are widely used to organize music collections. In this paper, the problem of automatic single and multi-label music genre classification is addressed by exploring rhythm-based features obtained from a respective complex network representation. A Markov model is built in order to analyse the temporal sequence of rhythmic notation events. Feature analysis is performed by using two multivariate statistical approaches: principal components analysis (unsupervised) and linear discriminant analysis (supervised). Similarly, two classifiers are applied in order to identify the category of rhythms: parametric Bayesian classifier under the Gaussian hypothesis (supervised) and agglomerative hierarchical clustering (unsupervised). Qualitative results obtained by using the kappa coefficient and the obtained clusters corroborated the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  1. A Genre Classification Plug-in for Data Collection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lehn-Schiøler, Tue; Arenas-García, Jerónimo; Petersen, Kaare Brandt

    2006-01-01

    This demonstration illustrates how the methods developed in the MIR community can be used to provide real-time feedback to music users. By creating a genre classifier plug-in for a popular media player we present users with relevant information as they play their songs. The plug-in can furthermor...... be used as a data collection platform. After informed consent from a selected set of users the plug-in will report on music consumption behavior back to a central server.......This demonstration illustrates how the methods developed in the MIR community can be used to provide real-time feedback to music users. By creating a genre classifier plug-in for a popular media player we present users with relevant information as they play their songs. The plug-in can furthermore...

  2. Between genres and styles in the films of Robert Bresson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luíza Beatriz Alvim

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The films of French director Robert Bresson are considered sober and transcendental. However, in A gentle woman (1969 and in Four nights of a dreamer (1972, he included extracts of quite different genres, like a libertine comedy (the extract of film Benjamim by Michel Deville, 1968, a Shakespearean tragedy (a performance of Shakespeare´s Hamlet and a gangster film (When love possesses us, produced by Bresson himself. In a way, those excerpts represent exactly the opposite of Bresson´s cinema. On the other hand, they still have some familiarity with it. We analyze the approach of those genres in the sequences in Bresson´s films, as well of the styles present in them by the use of music and images of paintings.

  3. Musical genres: beating to the rhythms of different drums

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Correa, Debora C; Costa, Luciano da F; Saito, Jose H

    2010-01-01

    Online music databases have increased significantly as a consequence of the rapid growth of the Internet and digital audio, requiring the development of faster and more efficient tools for music content analysis. Musical genres are widely used to organize music collections. In this paper, the problem of automatic single and multi-label music genre classification is addressed by exploring rhythm-based features obtained from a respective complex network representation. A Markov model is built in order to analyse the temporal sequence of rhythmic notation events. Feature analysis is performed by using two multivariate statistical approaches: principal components analysis (unsupervised) and linear discriminant analysis (supervised). Similarly, two classifiers are applied in order to identify the category of rhythms: parametric Bayesian classifier under the Gaussian hypothesis (supervised) and agglomerative hierarchical clustering (unsupervised). Qualitative results obtained by using the kappa coefficient and the obtained clusters corroborated the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  4. Le CRDI en Colombie

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le CRDI appuie la recherche en Colombie dans des domaines tels ... Le CRDI a soutenu des activités de longue haleine qui ont eu pour ... Des travaux subventionnés par le CRDI ont aidé une fondation à intégrer Internet à son programme ...

  5. PURE OR HYBRID? THE DEVELOPMENT OF MIXED DICTIONARY GENRES

    OpenAIRE

    Reinhard R. K. Hartmann

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores 'hybrid' genres of dictionaries and other reference works. Against the tradition of general dictionaries becoming ever more specialised, there has also been a growing trend of mixing two or more 'pure' dictionary types for achieving specific purposes, e.g. the combination of alphabetic and thematic dictionary,general dictionary and technical glossary, dictionary and thesaurus, dictionary and encyclopedia, monolingual and bilingual dictionary, etc. Examples of these various...

  6. A tale of two textbooks: Experiments in genre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, David

    2012-03-01

    Though the notion of a scientific textbook has been around for almost three centuries, the category has hardly been stable. The plasticity of the textbook genre may be illustrated by recent variations as well as long-term trends. In this brief essay I examine two idiosyncratic but highly successful physics books, each published in the mid 1970s, whose production, marketing, and adoption reveal some of the slippage between such categories as textbook, scholarly monograph, and popular best seller.

  7. An Anthology as a Representative Genre in Contemporary Ukrainian Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olena Haleta

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article is analyzed a history and functions of an anthology in a modern Ukrainian literature from the last quarter of the 19th c. to the beginning of the 21st. An anthology is treated as a literary and anthropological project which is characterized by recasting of original materials and specific politics of its re-arangement. It proposes a new cultural value hierarchy, defines a literary field and the rules of its organization. As a form of literary self-representation an anthology participates in a process of forming a literary tradition and canon, its diversification up to the emergence of anti-canon; it intensifies a work of cultural memory, represents new literary genres and styles and also indicates an appearance of diaspora as a model of cultural citizenship. Numerous anthological projects also stress spacial, performative, subjective, gender, erotical, somatic, and oneirological aspects of creative writing; they rethink a very nature of literature as a creative experiment and as a social action in a context of mass culture and new media development. This allows us to consider the literary anthology as a way of a literary self-reflection and as a separate meta-genre in modern Ukrainian literature. The main genre-defining anthological qualities are such as selectivity, double methonimity, integrity and an ability to create new cultural values. The history of anthology as a specific meta-genre helps us to understand the general pecularities of modenr and postmodern literature, its structure and principles of development, its key problems and challanges and also its the most important achievements.

  8. L’Imaginaire du temps dans le fantastique et la science-fiction (2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Schutz

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Ce numéro des cahiers du LAPRIL contient vingt-deux contributions sur la question du temps en science-fiction et dans le fantastique, dans sa dimension thématique, mais aussi pour faire ressortir l'influence de cette question sur l'évolution même de ces genres. Une partie des réflexions concerne aussi les représentations d'un temps « mythique ».

  9. L’Imaginaire du temps dans le fantastique et la science-fiction (2011)

    OpenAIRE

    Julie Schutz

    2013-01-01

    Ce numéro des cahiers du LAPRIL contient vingt-deux contributions sur la question du temps en science-fiction et dans le fantastique, dans sa dimension thématique, mais aussi pour faire ressortir l'influence de cette question sur l'évolution même de ces genres. Une partie des réflexions concerne aussi les représentations d'un temps « mythique ».

  10. Tula song folklore: genre-stylistic and dialectic peculiarities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krasovskaya Nelli Alexandrovna

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the works of Tula folklore recorded in the western part of the Tula region, in terms of genre, stylistic and linguistic features. The relevance of the study is related to the fact that Tula folk songs has not been studied, linguistic features of the works are not subjected to serious analysis. The article describes the features of the genre of songs recorded in Belevsky district of Tula region, including the ancient fortunetelling chants, wedding ceremony songs, romantic ballads etc., it is cited numerous examples in the lyrics that reflect the dialectal features of the phonetic, grammatical, lexical levels. According to the authors, a modern folk song genre retains its diversity and is a kind of storeroom containing priceless linguistic wealth. The analysis allows to draw conclusions about the presence and well-preserved in the recorded music of South Russian dialect phonetic and grammatical features. So far, there is no established typology of Tula dialects, therefore, according to the authors, the fixation of folklore in the territories bordering on Tula dialects, is very important and interesting for further descriptive and comparative work on identifying the eastern and south-south-west differences in Tula dialects.

  11. Elegy as a film genre. Adaptation — inspiration — suggestion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafał Koschany

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The question that this is article is concerned to answer is how the position of the film elegy can be best formally established — with its artistic representations, as well as its functioning in the genology of the genre. An attempt to provide definitive answers that emerge from interdisciplinary, film and literary discourse brings a number of substantial threads. Firstly, there is, indeed, no theoretical description of the elegy as a film genre, though the very name does appear in many titles. Secondly, it seems that a juxtaposition of available examples of film ad-aptations of elegies does not lead to any consistent conclusion, since, apart from the suggestion proposed by the author, they are different in terms of formal and thematic elements involved. Thirdly, any attempt at a genological profiling has to, somehow, refer to a more or less fixed literary genre and the relevant theory behind it. In a most general way, one can state, albeit with a number of reservations, that the elegiac film is characterized by a distinguishable style, often simply called the elegiac style, and the theme, very broadly associated with time and the theme of passing.

  12. Indigenizing the Zarzuela: Kapampangan Ethnocentric Adoption of the Foreign Genre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta C. Mallari

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available When the Spanish colonizers reached Pampanga, a province in the northern part of the Philippines, the meeting between the East and the West meant an impact of the grafted civilization over the conquered people. Religious and cultural hybridization (Bhaba 1994 inevitably took place in Pampanga. Kapampangan verbal art modestly welcomed an alien counterpart and a cultural synthesis in a “liminal space” took place. What the Spaniards introduced—religious literature, metrical romances and the zarzuela—to advance their imperialistic cause pressed on the folk and blended naturally with the Kapampangan sensibility. Kapampangan literature took on a hybrid form that came to be an incitement for the movement of the province’s literary history. Mariano Proceso Pabalan Byron, a Kapampangan poet, was the first to domesticate the form and content of the zarzuela, a Spanish literary genre. He, together with other writers such as Crisostomo Soto, established a zarzuela tradition and produced masterpieces. The enthusiasm for the zarzuela lasted for decades even after World War II; poets like Jose Gallardo easily adopted the favorite literary genre of his predecessors. The genre was most welcome because its elements constituted their familiar world. The zarzuelas that were produced reveal the constant appropriation of the native values and beliefs in the foreign literary form.

  13. Legal genres in English and Spanish: some attempts of analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Ángeles Orts Llopis

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the differences and subtleties between the legal communication of the English-speaking world, and the Continental law countries –and, more specifically, Spain- has become a necessary practice in the global context. For the most part, it involves unravelling the differences and concomitances between the array of legal genres produced by the professionals of the specialist communities within these two traditions (i.e., Common Law and Continental Law. This paper attempts an analysis in layers –generic or pragmatic, textual or cognitive, and formal or superficial– of two types of genre within the domain of public and private law, namely delegated legislation and tenancy agreements or leases, the study of which has been seldom attempted, despite the customary presence of these instruments in the legal routine. The result of such analysis will, hopefully, cast some light on the way these communities interact within themselves and with the rest of the world, providing new clues to tackle the application of those genres and making it possible to draw new conclusions about the way in which linguistic interaction takes place in the context of these specialist communities in English and Spanish.

  14. A media discursive genre: The defender of the viewer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Alfonso Barragán Escarpeta

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The following article presents the progress of the research called “A media discursive genre: The defender of the viewer” and has the objective to characterize this particular genre. This research is based on the ideas of Bajtin (1982, Carranza (2012 as well as Social-Communicative Perspective of Charaudeau (2012 about genres, in the way that they give theoretical and methodological elements to the establishment of this characterization, and, in the same way, for being perspectives that emphasize on the social component of texts, let us to understand aspects such as relations between participants and the influence of these in discourse. To do this, our methodology analyzes two different programs of public television channels through making transcripts and images, selected from the establishment of the following categories: the field of social practice, the overall situation of communication (SGC and the specific situation of communication (SEC; also discursive properties and the formal properties; flexible frameworks and the subject agent. In this way, this article makes a practical-theoretical exercise of an inductive nature which rescues how categories of the communicative situation and the analysis of elements such as supports allow a greater deepening of different dimensions in the media discursive practices (social relation, themes, etc. as well as observing to what extent we are talking about discursive genders and sub genders in daily life.

  15. Business plan: A preliminary approach to an unknown genre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Navarro

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The business plan has been widely included in the curricula of economics degrees and is key to business practice worldwide, but has not been studied from a socio-discursive perspective yet due to restrictions in its social, spatial, and temporal circulation. Based on interviews and a qualitative analysis of a corpus of 38 texts written in Spanish, I aim to provide a preliminary description of the genre. Results indicate that a chain of four phases is associated to a continuum of social settings organized through entrepreneurial/corporate and expert/training variables; its rhetorical structure includes “describing present/potential situation of the company and market” and “describing future processes of strategic actions regarding the marketing, production, and financial plans”. This analysis offers methodological innovations to account for occluded genres, encourages the contrastive study of the business plan in different cultural and linguistic environments, and assists business teachers with a situated picture of the genre

  16. Genre Analysis and Writing Skill: Improving Iranian EFL Learners Writing Performance through the Tenets of Genre Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazanin Naderi Kalali

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The main thrust of this study was to determine whether a genre-based instruction improve the writing proficiency of Iranian EFL learners. To this end, 30 homogenous Iranian BA learners studying English at Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas Branch were selected as the participants of the study through a version of TOEFL test as the proficiency test. The selected participants were 15 females and 15 males who were randomly divided into two groups of experimental and control. The both experimental and control groups were asked to write on a topic determined by the researcher which were considered as the pre-test. The writing of the students were scored using holistic scoring procedure. The subjects received sixteen hours instruction—the experimental group using a genre-based pedagogy and the control group through the traditional methodology which was followed by a post-test—the subjects were, this time, asked to write on the same topic which they were asked to write before instruction. Their post-writings were also scored through the holistic scoring procedures. In analyzing the data, t-test statistic was utilized for comparing the performances of the two groups. It was found that there is statistically significant difference between the writing ability of the participants who go under a genre-based instruction and who don’t. The study, however, didn’t find any significant role for gender. Keywords: genre analysis, writing skill, holistic scoring procedure, pre-test, post-test, t-test

  17. Justice de Genre, Citoyenneté et Développement

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Elle a également pour stratégie de dévoiler les intérêts politiques qui ...... La montée de nouveaux protagonistes, autres que l'État, et le recrutement des femmes ...... Certaines entreprises se vantent de payer 11 cents de plus que le salaire ...

  18. NEW CONSCIOUSNESS AND NEW GENRE: A FRANCOPHONE AFRICAN NOVEL OF TRANSITIONAL TIME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina D. Lyakhovskaya

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In the 1990s and in the beginning of the 20 th century, Congolese and Ivorian literatures witnessed the birth of a new character, an African with bifurcated mentality that, on the one hand, keeps, at least on the superficial level, affinities with archaic consciousness while, on the other hand, is characterized by emerging individualistic and egotistic ambitions. In the mainstream genre of the novel-story, action is replaced by reflection and inner monologue that are typical of self-reflective literature. A character of the novel Le chercheur d’Afriques by a Congolese Lopes is a teacher of Nantes seeking the Africa in his childhood memories about his white father, a doctor. Various cultural values and notions merge in his consciousness. He is asocial, obsessed with one maniacal idea, and passive aggressive; when he presents himself to his father, the latter dies. Champs de bataille et d’amour by an Ivorian Tadjo represents the inner world of a married couple — a university professor and his white wife. Socially passive, obsessed with themselves, they are alienated from both the social life and each other. Widening of the mental horizon with the help of scientific knowledge and contacts with the Western culture accompanied by the simultaneous collapse of the archaic collective consciousness results at best in abstract dreaming as in the case of the astronomer in Dongala’s novel Les petits gar ç ons naissent aussi des é toile. At worst — with sociopathic behavior and madness as in the novel L’impasse by a Congolese Biyaoula where the character-sociopath ends up in a psychiatric clinic. Existential dead-end is the theme of the postmodernist novel Le monsieur Ki. Rapsodie parisi è nne à sourire pour caresser le temps by an Ivorian Kwahul é . A Congolese Sony Labou Tansi was the only writer whose satirical trilogy about Beregue (fictional name written in the style of avant-garde realism (with the use of postmodernist devices managed

  19. Framing narrative journalism as a new genre: A case study of the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    van Krieken, Kobie; Sanders, José

    2016-01-01

    Although narrative journalism has a long history in the Netherlands, it is in recent years being promoted as a ‘new’ genre. This study examines the motives underlying this promotional tactic. To that end, we analyze how narrative journalism is framed in (1) public expressions of the initiatives aimed at professionalization of the genre and (2) interviews with journalists and lecturers in journalism programs. Results indicate that in public discourse on narrative journalism, the genre is frame...

  20. Music Genre Classification Revisited: An In-Depth Examination Guided by Music Experts

    OpenAIRE

    Pálmason, Haukur; Jónsson, Björn Thór; Schedl, Markus; Knees, Peter

    2017-01-01

    Despite their many identified shortcomings, music genres are still often used as ground truth and as a proxy for music similarity. In this work we therefore take another in-depth look at genre classification, this time with the help of music experts. In comparison to existing work, we aim at including the viewpoint of different stakeholders to investigate whether musicians and end-user music taxonomies agree on genre ground truth, through a user study among 20 professional and semi-profession...

  1. Convolutional Neural Network Achieves Human-level Accuracy in Music Genre Classification

    OpenAIRE

    Dong, Mingwen

    2018-01-01

    Music genre classification is one example of content-based analysis of music signals. Traditionally, human-engineered features were used to automatize this task and 61% accuracy has been achieved in the 10-genre classification. However, it's still below the 70% accuracy that humans could achieve in the same task. Here, we propose a new method that combines knowledge of human perception study in music genre classification and the neurophysiology of the auditory system. The method works by trai...

  2. Genre scripts and appreciation of negative emotion in the reception of film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Ed S; Visch, Valentijn T

    2017-01-01

    The Distancing-Embracing model reserves a role for genre scripts in the hedonic valuation of negative emotion in art. Genre scripts, as defined in the target article, leave higher-level recipient intuitions out of scope. We argue that, in film genre scripts, lower-level stylistic features lend access to more complex conceptual knowledge, including pragmatic principles. The argument implies a consideration of the communicative dimension of aesthetic works, which could strengthen both factors of the Distancing-Embracing model.

  3. “Wreck IT Ralph”: Studi Genre Pada Film Disney Animation Studios

    OpenAIRE

    Devita, Fransisca

    2013-01-01

    “Wreck It Ralph” adalah sebuah film animasi produksi Disney Animation Studios yang menceritakan kehidupan dan petualangan seorang penjahat di dunia permainan bernama Ralph. Film ini adalah sebuah film yang membawa konvensi-konvensi genre yang berbeda dari film Disney sebelumnya. Peneliti melakukan analisis genre terhadap film “Wreck It Ralph” menggunakan 6 konvensi genre menurut Jane Stokes, yaitu setting, lokasi, peristiwa-peristiwa naratif, plot, karakter, dan ikonografi, untuk mengetahui g...

  4. THE ANALYSIS OF DETECTIVE GENRE IN MEDIA STUDIES IN THE STUDENT AUDIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Fedorov

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Development of skills for the critical analysis of media texts - an important task of media education. However, media literacy practice shows that students have the problems with the discussion / analysis of entertainment genres in the early stages of media studies, for example, the difficulties in the process of understanding and interpreting the author's conception, plot and genre features. This article substantiates the methodological approaches to the analysis skills of detective/thriller genre in media studies in the student audience.

  5. Music Genre Classification Revisited: An In-Depth Examination Guided by Music Experts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pálmason, Haukur; Jónsson, Björn Thór; Schedl, Markus

    2017-01-01

    Despite their many identified shortcomings, music genres are still often used as ground truth and as a proxy for music similarity. In this work we therefore take another in-depth look at genre classification, this time with the help of music experts. In comparison to existing work, we aim...... at including the viewpoint of different stakeholders to investigate whether musicians and end-user music taxonomies agree on genre ground truth, through a user study among 20 professional and semi-professional music protagonists. We then compare the results of their genre judgments with different commercial...

  6. Le corps sportif1

    OpenAIRE

    Brulé, Pierre

    2015-01-01

    Le nu et le cuit Si, pas plus que l’Auvergne, le monde grec antique n’a été le théâtre d’un quelconque « miracle », il n’a pas manqué, toutefois, de « distinctions » diverses, d’exceptions même, qui le singularisent absolument. Une, c’est la pédérastie. Quelle culture l’a autant valorisée, autant instrumentalisée, l’a autant érigée en modèle ? Nous n’en avons pas encore mesuré toutes les conséquences. La place inhabituelle que prend là et alors cette polyvalence rare de la libido masculine de...

  7. Music Genre Classification using an Auditory Memory Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kristoffer

    2011-01-01

    Audio feature estimation is potentially improved by including higher- level models. One such model is the Auditory Short Term Memory (STM) model. A new paradigm of audio feature estimation is obtained by adding the influence of notes in the STM. These notes are identified when the perceptual...... results, and an initial experiment with sensory dissonance has been undertaken with good results. The parameters obtained form the auditory memory model, along with the dissonance measure, are shown here to be of interest in genre classification....

  8. PURE OR HYBRID? THE DEVELOPMENT OF MIXED DICTIONARY GENRES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinhard R. K. Hartmann

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores 'hybrid' genres of dictionaries and other reference works. Against the tradition of general dictionaries becoming ever more specialised, there has also been a growing trend of mixing two or more 'pure' dictionary types for achieving specific purposes, e.g. the combination of alphabetic and thematic dictionary,general dictionary and technical glossary, dictionary and thesaurus, dictionary and encyclopedia, monolingual and bilingual dictionary, etc. Examples of these various sub-types are discussed (admitting that dictionary research has neglected their study,with the aim of determining overall trends and implications, particularly with regard to the possibility of their further development with the means of information technology.

  9. Genre Analysis On Reading Passages Grade VII English Textbooks

    OpenAIRE

    Sukma, Ardini Nur

    2010-01-01

    Referring to the latest curriculum, School-Based Curriculum, every English textbook should provide genres based on the level of literacy of each grade. On this paper, I analyzed English textbooks published by Erlangga ?óÔé¼ÔÇ£ English on Sky (EOS), and by Pakar Raya -- Let?óÔé¼Ôäós Talk. This paper focuses on how are the reading passages of the textbooks compatible with ?óÔé¼?ôStandard Isi?óÔé¼?Ø?. Coinciding with the statement of the problems, the objectives of this paper are to describe the...

  10. Benin Video-film: A Case for the Documentary Genre

    OpenAIRE

    Omoera, Osakue Stevenson

    2016-01-01

    Although Onions Edionwe’s films, such as Echoes of a Kingdom, Arousa N’ohuan-ren, and Aisiokuoba, are notable documentaries, they represent an “insignificant” component of the total number of movies that have been made in the Benin or Edo language film section of the Nigerian film culture (Nollywood). A critical review of the Benin video culture indicates that a majority of the Benin film content creators tend to ignore the documentary genre. This article explores the reasons Benin filmmakers...

  11. Un autre genre d’antimémoires

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boisen, Jørn

    2010-01-01

    One of the main characteristics of Romain Gary is the constant attempt to transgress the boundaries between life and fiction. His autobiographic texts are as a rule highly fictitious. On the other hand, in real life, he tried to live out a fiction written for him by his mother and, later on......, by himself. The ambivalence of the relation between fiction and truth characterizes all of his books, but it is particularly interesting in his attempts at the autobiographical genre where it reveals a quite original understanding of human identity, and the dialectics of memory and forgetting...

  12. Text genres and registers the computation of linguistic features

    CERN Document Server

    Fang, Chengyu Alex

    2015-01-01

    This book is a description of some of the most recent advances in text classification as part of a concerted effort to achieve computer understanding of human language. In particular, it addresses state-of-the-art developments in the computation of higher-level linguistic features, ranging from etymology to grammar and syntax for the practical task of text classification according to genres, registers and subject domains. Serving as a bridge between computational methods and sophisticated linguistic analysis, this book will be of particular interest to academics and students of computational linguistics as well as professionals in natural language engineering.

  13. The letter of submission: avoiding the promotional genre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shaw, Philip; Okamura, Akiko

    1998-01-01

    Functionally the letter of submission accompanying an article submitted to a journal is promotional, but it does not have the form one would expect from e.g. Bhatia 1993. Instead it is extremely brief and uninformative. This reflects the so-called Utilitarian Discourse which is a shared feature...... of American culture and the subculture of science. Research published elsewhere (Okamura and Shaw 1999, ESPJ) shows that neither native speakers of English nor non-natives who were not practising scientists could produce the appropriate genre, while NNS scientists produced texts which only deviated slightly...

  14. Scène de crime dans le roman policier : essai d’analyse lexico-syntaxique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muryn Teresa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article a pour but d’exposer l’analyse des structures rhétorico-lexico-syntaxiques propres au roman policier visant à établir la matrice lexico-syntaxique du genre en question. Le choix du roman policier résulte du fait que sa structure interne est stable indépendamment de l’auteur, de l’époque ou d’autres facteurs extérieurs. Ladite analyse, qui repose sur un corpus rassemblant des romans policiers en français et comptant actuellement 35850957 tokens, se situe sur deux niveaux : le premier concerne l’histoire elle-même, le second constitue l’échafaudage textuel de cette histoire. Elle consiste en extraction des structures RLS pertinentes pour les scènes normatives du genre; dans le cas du présent article pour la scène normative descriptive de la scène de crime dans le roman policier.

  15. Éliane Viennot, La France, les femmes et le pouvoir. Et la Modernité fut masculine (1789-1804)

    OpenAIRE

    Leroux, Flavie; Moskowski, Pauline

    2018-01-01

    Et la modernité fut masculine est le troisième opus d’une série de cinq volumes questionnant « l’exception française », qui concerne le rapport entre femmes et pouvoir dans le contexte particulier de la France. Éliane Viennot fait ici le choix de placer la construction masculine de la modernité, et donc de l’État, au centre de sa réflexion, laissant une large place à l’histoire politique du genre en Révolution. La clarté, la richesse et les nuances qui caractérisent le propos en rendent la le...

  16. Fiches techniques Les triacylglycérols des huiles de graines de quatre Cucurbitacées tropicales des genres Lagenaria et Luffa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grondin Isabelle

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Les huiles de graines de quatre Cucurbitacées tropicales de l’île de la Réunion, provenant respectivement de deux variétés de l’espèce Lagenaria leucaritha (calebasses bouteille et la gale et de deux espèces du genre Luffa (pipangailles lisse et à côtes, ont été analysées aussi bien pour la fraction saponifiable que pour la fraction insaponifiable. L’étude de la fraction saponifiable a été consacrée, d’une part, à la détermination de la composition quantitative et qualitative en acides gras des différentes huiles dont les résultats ont fait l’objet d’une publication antérieure [1] et, d’autre part, à celle de leurs triacylglycérols. Une comparaison des compositions en acides gras des deux genres étudiés a permis de mettre en évidence les spécificités propres à chaque genre. Les genres Lagenaria et Luffa, présentant une composition en acides gras qualitativement similaire, contiennent ainsi les AG couramment rencontrés dans le règne végétal, à savoir les acides palmitique, stéarique, oléique et linoléique. Ce dernier est, par ailleurs, l’acide gras majoritaire avec des teneurs supérieures à 50%. La présence de cet acide gras essentiel confère ainsi à ces huiles de bonnes propriétés diététiques et nutritionnelles. Au sein du genre Lagenaria, les huiles des graines des variétés bouteille et la gale se caractérisent par leur teneur élevée en acide linoléique (71,5% pour la variété bouteille, et 81,5% pour la variété la gale. Les huiles de Lagenaria leucaritha sont du type palmitique-linoléique car ces deux acides gras représentent quantitativement plus de 85% des AG totaux. Contrairement à ces deux huiles, celles du genre Luffa se différencient, d’une part, par une teneur moindre en acide linoléique avec 55,3% pour l’espèce Luffa acutangula et 51,2% pour l’espèce Luffa cylindrica. D’autre part, elles sont du type palmitique-oléique-linoléique puisque ces trois

  17. Répartition spatiale et préférences trophiques de Glossina palpalis palpalis dans le foyer forestier de Zoukougbeu (Cote d'Ivoire. Implications épidémiologiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sané B.

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Dans le foyer de maladie du sommeil de Zoukougbeu (Côte d'Ivoire, plus d'un quart des glossines capturées s'étaient gorgées sur cochon en zone de plantations, lieux préférentiels de transmission de la trypanosomose humaine. En outre, on y observe une concordance nette entre la localisation des sites où Glossina palpalis palpalis a été capturée gorgée sur ces animaux et la présence de trypanosomés. Ceci laisse penser que, dans le foyer de Zoukougbeu, mais peut-être aussi dans d'autres foyers de trypanosomose humaine africaine du secteur forestier, le cochon joue un rôle plus actif qu'on ne le pense généralement, dans la transmission de l'endémie en permettant une large diffusion du parasite par l'intermédiaire des glossines.

  18. Genre Analysis of Iranian TEFL Students’ Master Theses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shadi Shirani

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Genre analysis dealing with the study of situated language in a particular context is regarded as a crucial component in every communication in general and academic writing texts in particular. Furthermore, recently it has been set as a requirement for the graduated students to pursue a shared rhetorical pattern for generating an academic text. Several researchers have recommended detailed explanations for rhetorical structures of various parts of academic texts, and an extensive literature is dedicated to investigate different academic genres such as research articles, theses, and dissertations in English. But, there are not enough studies that work on the thesis as a whole product and analyze all sections together and not separately. Therefore, 40 M.A. theses produced by Iranian TEFL students at Islamic Azad University (IAU, Isfahan (Khorasgan Branch were collected and analyzed for the rhetorical structures of the Introduction, Method, Results, and Discussion (IMRD sections in order to accomplish the objectives of the study. Through calculating the frequencies and percentages of data, it was revealed that a number of moves in different sections was absent in the theses.

  19. Applied genre analysis: a multi-perspective model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijay K Bhatia

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Genre analysis can be viewed from two different perspectives: it may be seen as a reflection of the complex realities of the world of institutionalised communication, or it may be seen as a pedagogically effective and convenient tool for the design of language teaching programmes, often situated within simulated contexts of classroom activities. This paper makes an attempt to understand and resolve the tension between these two seemingly contentious perspectives to answer the question: "Is generic description a reflection of reality, or a convenient fiction invented by applied linguists?". The paper also discusses issues related to the nature and use of linguistic description in a genre-based educational enterprise, claiming that instead of using generic descriptions as models for linguistic reproduction of conventional forms to respond to recurring social contexts, as is often the case in many communication based curriculum contexts, they can be used as analytical resource to understand and manipulate complex inter-generic and multicultural realisations of professional discourse, which will enable learners to use generic knowledge to respond to novel social contexts and also to create new forms of discourse to achieve pragmatic success as well as other powerful human agendas.

  20. Turkish Music Genre Classification using Audio and Lyrics Features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Önder ÇOBAN

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Music Information Retrieval (MIR has become a popular research area in recent years. In this context, researchers have developed music information systems to find solutions for such major problems as automatic playlist creation, hit song detection, and music genre or mood classification. Meta-data information, lyrics, or melodic content of music are used as feature resource in previous works. However, lyrics do not often used in MIR systems and the number of works in this field is not enough especially for Turkish. In this paper, firstly, we have extended our previously created Turkish MIR (TMIR dataset, which comprises of Turkish lyrics, by including the audio file of each song. Secondly, we have investigated the effect of using audio and textual features together or separately on automatic Music Genre Classification (MGC. We have extracted textual features from lyrics using different feature extraction models such as word2vec and traditional Bag of Words. We have conducted our experiments on Support Vector Machine (SVM algorithm and analysed the impact of feature selection and different feature groups on MGC. We have considered lyrics based MGC as a text classification task and also investigated the effect of term weighting method. Experimental results show that textual features can also be effective as well as audio features for Turkish MGC, especially when a supervised term weighting method is employed. We have achieved the highest success rate as 99,12\\% by using both audio and textual features together.

  1. Transforming Musical Signals through a Genre Classifying Convolutional Neural Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geng, S.; Ren, G.; Ogihara, M.

    2017-05-01

    Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have been successfully applied on both discriminative and generative modeling for music-related tasks. For a particular task, the trained CNN contains information representing the decision making or the abstracting process. One can hope to manipulate existing music based on this 'informed' network and create music with new features corresponding to the knowledge obtained by the network. In this paper, we propose a method to utilize the stored information from a CNN trained on musical genre classification task. The network was composed of three convolutional layers, and was trained to classify five-second song clips into five different genres. After training, randomly selected clips were modified by maximizing the sum of outputs from the network layers. In addition to the potential of such CNNs to produce interesting audio transformation, more information about the network and the original music could be obtained from the analysis of the generated features since these features indicate how the network 'understands' the music.

  2. Writing business research article abstracts: A genre approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Piqué-Noguera

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A great deal has been published about oral and written genres in business (e.g., letters, research articles, oral presentations, etc., and less attention has been paid to business research article abstracts as a written genre, as many experts would argue. This research intends to raise rhetorical awareness about the role of abstracts in today’s academic world. To this effect, the abstracts of two official publications of the Association of Business Communication, Journal of Business Communication and Business Communication Quarterly, have been analyzed and compared in terms of structure and content according to models published in the specialized literature. The results show an irregular and inconsistent presentation of abstracts, a good number of them following no set pattern and thus lacking in important information for researchers. These findings suggest, first of all, that abstracts have a specific mission to fulfil and should not be disregarded; and, secondly, that journal guidelines for authors should be more explicit in their instructions on how to write and structure abstracts.

  3. Uncovering collective listening habits and music genres in bipartite networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambiotte, R.; Ausloos, M.

    2005-12-01

    In this paper, we analyze web-downloaded data on people sharing their music library, that we use as their individual musical signatures. The system is represented by a bipartite network, nodes being the music groups and the listeners. Music groups’ audience size behaves like a power law, but the individual music library size is an exponential with deviations at small values. In order to extract structures from the network, we focus on correlation matrices, that we filter by removing the least correlated links. This percolation idea-based method reveals the emergence of social communities and music genres, that are visualized by a branching representation. Evidence of collective listening habits that do not fit the neat usual genres defined by the music industry indicates an alternative way of classifying listeners and music groups. The structure of the network is also studied by a more refined method, based upon a random walk exploration of its properties. Finally, a personal identification-community imitation model for growing bipartite networks is outlined, following Potts ingredients. Simulation results do reproduce quite well the empirical data.

  4. Le Bon, Gustave

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borch, Christian

    2017-01-01

    Gustave Le Bon (1841–1931) was a French physician and crowd psychologist who published extensively on themes such as crowds, war, race, revolution, socialism, and war. His work on crowd psychology in particular was highly influential, including beyond scholarly circles. Le Bon argued that crowds...

  5. Gridded precipitation dataset for the Rhine basin made with the genRE interpolation method

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Osnabrugge, van B.; Uijlenhoet, R.

    2017-01-01

    A high resolution (1.2x1.2km) gridded precipitation dataset with hourly time step that covers the whole Rhine basin for the period 1997-2015. Made from gauge data with the genRE interpolation scheme. See "genRE: A method to extend gridded precipitation climatology datasets in near real-time for

  6. The use of genre analysis in the design of electronic meeting systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Antunes

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Genre analysis is an approach to study communication patterns and thus it can be applied to the specific context of meetings. This research investigates the impact of genre analysis on the design of electronic meeting systems. Background. The primary goal of genre analysis is to understand how virtual communities use digital communication to collaborate. This knowledge is fundamental to inform IT design, particularly in areas where communication and informality are paramount. However, the research literature does not report any experiments where genre analysis has been used to inform electronic meeting system design. Problems. The paper tackles the following common problems found in current electronic meeting systems: (1 reduced organizational integration, neglecting many contextual cues and explaining factors necessary to make meeting outcomes usable within the organization; (2 lack of support to specific communities of users, stressing the dependency on a facilitator to configure and manage the technology; and (3 lack of support to meeting occurrences that span across long time periods. Conclusion. . The paper describes how genre analysis was used to develop electronic meeting systems for several organizations and meeting genres. It covers the complete design process, from genre elicitation to validation. The obtained results demonstrate that the genre approach produces electronic meeting systems focused on organizational integration, pre-configured to communities of users, supporting long-term usage and added organizational value.

  7. Improving Readability in an Explicit Genre-Based Approach: The Case of an EFL Workplace Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albino, Gabriel

    2017-01-01

    The present study investigates how learners of English as a foreign language (EFL) improve the readability of their texts in an explicit genre-based approach that is utilized in an oil and gas exploration workplace in Angola. By drawing on the English for Specific Purposes and Systemic Functional Linguistics genre traditions, the study engages 18…

  8. Genre-dependent interaction of coherence and lexical cohesion in written discourse

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berzlánovich, I.; Redeker, G.

    2012-01-01

    We investigate the interaction between coherence and lexical cohesion in expository and persuasive texts using seven encyclopedia texts and seven fundraising letters. We describe genre structure in terms of genre-specific moves and coherence structure with Rhetorical Structure Theory. For lexical

  9. Genre Analysis: The State of the Art (An Online Interview with Vijay Kumar Bhatia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatia, Vijay Kumar; Salmani Nodoushan, M. A.

    2015-01-01

    In this interview, Vijay Bhatia freely reflects on his personal experiences, perceptions, and views about the development of Genre Analysis in the early eighties towards Critical Genre Analysis today. He offers his impressions about how professionals construct, interpret, use and often exploit generic resources in their everyday practice to meet…

  10. Assessing business proposals: genre conventions and audience response in document design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lagerwerf, L.; Bossers, Ellis

    2002-01-01

    We carried out two studies in which several genre conventions were tested on professional readers to verify the usefulness of applying genre conventions to business proposals. In the first study, 39 male business clients of the company IBM Netherlands compared an authentic busi ness proposal with a

  11. Bridging Literary and Philosophical Genres: Judgement, Reflection and Education in Camus' "The Fall"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Peter

    2008-01-01

    Both literature and philosophy, as genres of writing, can enable us to address important ontological, epistemological and ethical questions. One author who makes it possible for readers to bridge these two genres is Albert Camus. Nowhere is this more evident than in Camus' short novel, "The Fall". "The Fall", through the character and words of…

  12. Effects of Genre and Content Knowledge on Historical Thinking with Academically Diverse High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    De La Paz, Susan; Wissinger, Daniel R.

    2015-01-01

    Historians use a range of genres in presenting their subjects, yet educators have increasingly privileged argumentation to help novices to reason with historical content. However, the influence genre and content knowledge are relatively unmeasured in this discipline. To learn more, the authors asked 101 eleventh-grade students to compose an…

  13. The Linguistic Development of Students of English as a Second Language in Two Written Genres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Hyung-Jo; Polio, Charlene

    2017-01-01

    This study examined narrative and argumentative essays written over the course of a 4-month semester by 37 students of English as a second language (ESL). The essays were analyzed for development over time and for genre differences. The goal of the study was to conceptually replicate previous studies on genre differences (e.g., Lu, 2011) and on…

  14. THE PROBLEM OF GENRE DEFINING WORKS OF D.DEFOE AND J.SWIFT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Maslova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article addresses the question of genre specifics of works D.Defoe and J.Swift. Novels of English writers of the 18th century are presented as a synthesis of various genre models: travel, adventure, philosophical novel, an allegorical parable, satire, utopia. The emphasis is on the analysis of the philosophical content of the novels.

  15. The Role of Genre in Reflective Practice: Tracing the Development of a Beginning Teacher's Journaling Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallman, Heidi; Adam, Amy Rousselo

    2013-01-01

    In this article, a teacher educator and a first-year teacher identify the role that genre, in a rhetorical sense, plays in reflective practice. As reflection in teacher education has been criticized for its potential to reinforce prior attitudes and dispositions within pre-service and beginning teachers, we see how meta-knowledge of genre is…

  16. American Film Genres: Approaches to a Critical Theory of Popular Film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaminsky, Stuart M.

    This book is divided into twelve sections and contains photographs from many of the films discussed. The introduction defines film genre and describes the general theories behind this book; "The Individual Film" analyzes the film "Little Caesar" as it relates to the genre of gangster films; "Comparative Forms"…

  17. The historical issue in film genre Commedia all 'italiana: the first world war in fiction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celina Vivian Lima Augusto

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The theme chosen for this article was to join "Cinema and History" to the cinematographic genre commedia all'italiana. First, there is a general introduction that discusses the italian genre. The second part deals with the historical representation in the commedia all' italiana, analyzing the Mario Monicelli’s work, the movie "La Grande Guerra".

  18. Re-Describing Knowledge Organization — A Genre and Activity-Based View

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jack

    2015-01-01

    Purpose This chapter offers a re-description of knowledge organization in light of genre and activity theory. Knowledge organization needs a new description in order to account for those activities and practices constituting and causing concrete knowledge organization activity. Genre and activity...

  19. Genre-based Pedagogy: A case of an Iranian ESP Business Management course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadis Toufani Asl

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Genre-based instruction has been latterly a very common method used in language courses. In spite of the various research conducted on academic genres, there are still very few studies which examine the learners’ perceptions of genre-based pedagogy, particularly in courses like English for Specific Purposes (ESP. Therefore, the present study aimed at considering the Sophomore Business Management learners’ perspective on genre instruction in their ESP course, at the University of Tehran. The focuses of the present study were the focal genres of textbook and teaching method in terms of the content feature. The data was collected by means of both quantitative and qualitative instruments which were subject to both statistical analysis and constant comparative method of qualitative analysis. Results of the study revealed that the practice of genres were relevant to some of the learners’ subsequent academic and non-academic performance. Furthermore, the results regarding the questionnaire section indicated that a number of learners could apply the genre features and they were conscious of them. By and large, it was concluded that the explicit instruction together with the provision of more English-mediated content courses, for practices outside of the classroom, can have a higher impact on ESP programs. Keywords: ESP, genre-based pedagogy, content, textbook, teaching method, activities, learners’ perception

  20. The Linguistic and the Contextual in Applied Genre Analysis: The Case of the Company Audit Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flowerdew, John; Wan, Alina

    2010-01-01

    By means of an analysis of the genre of the audit report, this study highlights the respective roles of linguistic and contextual analysis in genre analysis, if the results are to be of maximum use in ESP course design. On the one hand, based on a corpus of current and authentic written auditors' reports produced in a large international Hong Kong…

  1. Selecting Television Programs for Language Learning: Investigating Television Programs from the Same Genre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Stuart

    2011-01-01

    The scripts of 288 television episodes were analysed to determine the extent to which vocabulary reoccurs in television programs from the same subgenres and unrelated television programs from different genres. Episodes from two programs from each of the following three subgenres of the American drama genre: medical, spy/action, and criminal…

  2. Revisiting a Genre: Teaching Infographics in Business and Professional Communication Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toth, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    Infographics exist on nearly any topic you can imagine, proliferating in the digital age with social media. As this genre continues to explode in the business scene, business and professional communication instructors can no longer ignore showing their students infographics. After first defining the genre and outlining how it situates itself…

  3. Delphine Naudier (dir.), « Genre et activité littéraire. Les écrivaines francophones », Sociétés contemporaines

    OpenAIRE

    Avenel, Céline

    2011-01-01

    Les trois articles du dossier « Genre et activité littéraire : les écrivaines francophones » apportent un éclairage singulier sur le quotidien des écrivaines et toutes les sortes de négociations et transgressions des rôles de sexe que l'écriture peut engendrer pour une femme. L'article de V. Gemis analyse, avec l'apport des études de genre ainsi que la sociologie de la littérature, la complexité des positions adoptées par les femmes de lettres belges, à travers l'interrelation du collectif et...

  4. Lele des chefs traditionnels au Ghana : un modèle inspirant ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 févr. 2011 ... Avec ses partenaires du Sud, avec aussi le soutien du Centre de recherches pour le développement international ( CRDI ), organisme canadien, Ray a étudié lele des chefs traditionnels au Ghana dans la lutte contre le VIH et le sida. Les collectivités politiques antérieures au colonialisme sont une ...

  5. Challenges in the new multimodal environment of research genres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maier, Carmen Daniela; Engberg, Jan

    The present study belongs to an extensive project in which we investigate knowledge issues appearing in academic research article, academic visual essay and academic video essay. The data of our analysis which comprises prototype research articles in 7 scientific disciplines is collected from...... sequentiality and spatial proximity of the multimodal three-pane article view. This study aims to extend the focus on ‘asymmetric’ communication between experts and lay-people, and addresses asymmetries that can appear between experts due to the new requirements for disseminating academic knowledge....... The findings of this research work can contribute to a better understanding of the strategies required today and in the future for disseminating academic knowledge across several semiotic modes and media in research genres....

  6. L’usage des lois visant à lutter contre les discriminations raciales en Belgique : une perspective de genre The use of racial antidiscrimination laws in Belgium:a gender perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Carles-Berkowitz

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available L’objectif de l’article est d’évaluer l’effectivité des lois visant à lutter contre les discriminations raciales à partir du point de vue du sujet et dans une perspective de genre. L’hypothèse principale est que les femmes et les hommes utilisent le droit de manière différente lorsqu’ils sont confrontés à une discrimination raciale, parce qu’ils développent différentes représentations du droit et ont des expériences différenciées de la discrimination.  L’usage ou le non-usage du droit dépend également de l’identité personnelle et sociale que la personne entend se construire. Pour le démontrer, nous nous appuierons sur des méthodes quantitatives (analyse de la jurisprudence et de dossiers de plainte et qualitatives (entretiens avec des juristes et des plaignants. Les différences par genre seront analysées à trois niveaux : celui de l’expérience différenciée de la discrimination raciale, celui de l’utilisation des ressources, celui enfin, des motivations du recours au droit.

  7. Le Mouvement Social

    OpenAIRE

    FRIDENSON, Patrick

    2003-01-01

    J'ai la faiblesse d'affirmer que parmi les revues françaises d'histoire Le Mouvement Social est la revue qui a publié le plus d'articles et de comptes rendus en matière d'histoire des femmes et du gender. Chacun peut le vérifier grâce à nos pages Web sur le site Internet du Dictionnaire créé par Jean Maitron. Elles comportent la table des matières complète de la revue depuis sa fondation en 1960. Notre rédaction est extrêmement fière de ce résultat. Mais elle reconnaît qu'il a été difficile à...

  8. THE STRATEGY OF GENRE IN A. PLATONOV’S SHORT NOVELS OF THE 1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina V. Zavarkina

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes a writer’s genre strategy based on the materials of A. Platonov’s short novels of the 1930s (“Th e Foundation Pit” [“Kotlovan”], “For future use” [“Vprok”], “Bread and reading” [“Hleb i chtenie”], “Juvenile sea” [“Uvenil’noe more”], “Dzhan”. These short novels became a link between his two novels “Chevengur” (1926—1928 and “Happy Moscow” (1933—1936. The comprehensive analysis of the short novels of the 1930s in the dialectics of genre development allows us to understand Andrei Platonov’s artistic world, the role of genre in the implementation of his creative idea, the specifi cs of genre thinking, and to identify the relationship between the genre and utopian/dystopian strategies of the writer. The article concludes that the short novels of the 1930s constitute a cycle and are united by a usual plot of “test”, the type of a hero (a worker-wanderer, the poetics of the conclusions. The recon-struction of the author’s model of the genre and its dynamics in the works of one of the distinguished writers of Russian and World literature of contemporary history leads to a deeper understanding of the artistic nature, role and genesis of the short novel in genre analysis of 20th century-literature

  9. Sentence-Level Effects of Literary Genre: Behavioral and Electrophysiological Evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Blohm

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The current study used event-related brain potentials (ERPs and behavioral measures to examine effects of genre awareness on sentence processing and evaluation. We hypothesized that genre awareness modulates effects of genre-typical manipulations. We manipulated instructions between participants, either specifying a genre (poetry or not (neutral. Sentences contained genre-typical variations of semantic congruency (congruent/incongruent and morpho-phonological features (archaic/contemporary inflections. Offline ratings of meaningfulness (n = 64/group showed higher average ratings for semantically incongruent sentences in the poetry vs. neutral condition. ERPs during sentence reading (n = 24/group; RSVP presentation at a fixed per-constituent rate; probe task showed a left-lateralized N400-like effect for contemporary vs. archaic inflections. Semantic congruency elicited a bilateral posterior N400 effect for incongruent vs. congruent continuations followed by a centro-parietal positivity (P600. While N400 amplitudes were insensitive to the genre, the latency of the P600 was delayed by the poetry instruction. From these results, we conclude that during real-time sentence comprehension, readers are sensitive to subtle morphological manipulations and the implicit prosodic differences that accompany them. By contrast, genre awareness affects later stages of comprehension.

  10. Le CRDI en Afghanistan

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Depuis près de 40 ans, le CRDI collabore étroitement avec les chercheurs des pays en développement et les appuie dans leur quête de moyens de créer des sociétés en meilleure santé, plus équitables et plus prospères. Centre de recherches pour le développement international. CP 8500, Ottawa (Ontario) Canada K1G ...

  11. Le CRDI au Bhoutan

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Il en résulte des solutions locales, novatrices et durables, qui offrent des choix aux personnes qui en ont le plus besoin et font changer les choses. Centre de recherches pour le développement international. CP 8500, Ottawa (Ontario) Canada K1G 3H9. Pour en savoir plus, consulter la page. Web du Bureau régional de ...

  12. Le CRDI au Kenya

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    afin d'y favoriser la croissance et le développement. Il en résulte des solutions novatrices et durables qui ont pour but d'améliorer les conditions de vie et les moyens de subsistance. Centre de recherches pour le développement international. CP 8500, Ottawa (Ontario) Canada K1G 3H9. Pour en savoir plus, consulter.

  13. Le CRDI en Jordanie

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... dans les pays en développement afin d'y favoriser la croissance et le développement. Il en résulte des solutions novatrices et durables qui ont pour but d'améliorer les conditions de vie et les moyens de subsistance. Centre de recherches pour le développement international. CP 8500, Ottawa (Ontario) Canada K1G 3H9.

  14. Le CRDI au Mali

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    de ces technologies et tentent de déterminer si un régime de microcrédit pourrait encourager leur adoption. On cherche par cela à accroître la sécurité alimentaire de même que le rendement des cultures de dolique, de sorgho et de mil. □ Menaces pesant sur les moyens de subsistance. Financement octroyé pour le Mali :.

  15. Le faussaire roman

    CERN Document Server

    D'Anna, Gianfranco

    2016-01-01

    À l'aube du XXIe siècle, le monde de la science est sur le point de vivre une révolution. Le jeune physicien allemand Albert Hendrick Thebell, des célèbres laboratoires de recherche B-Labs, à Summit, dans le New Jersey, publie, dans les plus grandes revues scientifiques internationales, une série d'articles dans lesquels il prétend avoir obtenu des résultats extraordinaires qui pourraient révolutionner les bases mêmes de la technologie. Rapidement, la communauté scientifique puis les médias saluent en lui un futur prix Nobel; on compare même son génie à celui d'Albert Einstein. Le progrès scientifique semble avoir franchi une étape décisive, susceptible d'amener un futur meilleur. Mais ces découvertes sont-elles authentiques ? Car pendant ce temps, dans les mêmeslaboratoires, des voix s'élèvent pour contester non seulement les théories de Thebell mais aussi la légitimité même de ses expériences ; certains le soupçonnent d'avoir combiné la plus grande fraude scientifique de tous l...

  16. Word Class Ratios and Genres in Written Japanese: Revisiting the Modifier Verb Ratio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bor HODOŠČEK

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the variability of genres in the Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese using the modifier-verb ratio proposed by Kabashima and Jukaku (1965. Using bagplots to quantifying the relation between noun and modifier-verb ratios, as well as some summary statistics obtain from them, we attempt to classify genres according to Kabashima and Jugaku (1965. Our initial analysis confirms previous research results, while at the same time uncovering some contradictions in the ratios of the genre of magazines.

  17. Mandatory Genres: The case of European Public Assessment Report (EPAR) summaries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Askehave, Inger; Zethsen, Karen K.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this article is to consider the nature of mandatory genres (legally regulated genres) emanating from European Union directives and point to the challenges which such genres pose due to their legal origin and complex text production and text reception processes. Taking its point...... information which is understandable and useful to laypersons, respectively. The article points to some of the reasons why, in spite of careful preparation, and extensive guidelines prior to its ‘launch' into the discourse community, the EPAR summary apparently fails to fulfil its communicative purposes....

  18. L’origine de l’emploi de la forme analogique grande : concordance de genre ou identification du référent ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xia Haoyu Irene

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available L’objectif de la présente étude est de déterminer les raisons pour lesquelles un auteur du XVIe siècle aurait choisi la nouvelle forme analogique grande plutôt que la forme épicène grand. L’étude est basée sur un corpus de 1341 occurrences de cet adjectif au féminin dans 17 textes de cinq auteurs. L’hypothèse de l’identification du référent propose qu’un auteur aurait choisi cette forme pour indiquer clairement qu’elle modifie un substantif féminin et assurer ainsi le lien entre l’adjectif et le substantif. L’hypothèse de la concordance de genre propose que l’auteur aurait choisi grande pour faire accorder l’adjectif aux autres éléments féminins dans le syntagme nominal. Les résultats ont partiellement validé les deux hypothèses. La forme grande est favorisée quand elle ne précède pas immédiatement le substantif féminin qu’elle qualifie et quand un substantif masculin intervient entre le substantif féminin et grande. La forme analogique est aussi favorisée fortement par un déterminant féminin en -e et plus légèrement par la, mais pas par d’autres déterminants féminins. Nous avons trouvé en plus un résultat inattendu. La variante analogique est favorisée fortement quand elle modifie un substantif avec un plus grand nombre de syllabes et défavorisée par un substantif plus court.

  19. Meta-media and meta-communication - Revisiting the concept of genre in the digital media environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Bruhn Jensen

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available As analytical categories, genres have traditionally occupied a middle ground – between media as technologies and institutions, on the one hand, and discourses as material and modal forms of expression and interaction, on the other. With digitalization, the very concept of genre is in doubt: is the world wide web, Facebook, or the writing on its walls the genre? This article situat es genre in relation to the concepts of meta-media and meta-communication. First, I characterize the computer and the internet as metamedia, incorporating previous genres of embodied communication as well as mass communication. Second, I describe genres as a variety of meta-communication, which serves to configure communication in the first place. In conclusion, I discuss whether and how a category of meta-genres might help to account for some distinctive features of the digital media environment.

  20. Le reportage en bande dessinée dans la presse actuelle : un autre regard sur le monde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Séverine Bourdieu

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available La bande dessinée sort de sa bulle et s’aventure du côté du réel, du documentaire et du factuel. À partir d’un corpus de reportages en bande dessinée parus dans des périodiques francophones au cours de la dernière décennie, nous nous interrogerons sur les enjeux de cette rencontre entre presse et littérature et sur la légitimité de ce genre en cours de constitution. On montrera ensuite que ce médium mixte, parce qu’il allie ressources graphiques et littéraires, est particulièrement approprié pour restituer à la fois la « chose vue » et l’expérience vécue par le reporter sur le terrain, offrant ainsi au lecteur un autre regard sur le monde.

  1. Le modèle québécois : Un horizon théorique pour la recherche, une porte d’entrée pour un projet de société ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benoît Lévesque

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Il existe un modèle québécois de développement en émergence de type partenarial. Ce modèle est différent aussi bien du modèle keynésien et fordiste de la révolution tranquille que du néolibéralisme. Par contre, ce modèle ne possède pas encore de bases solides, car insuffisamment institutionnalisées. Les traits possibles de cette nouvelle configuration ont été identifiés par les travaux du CRISES à propos des innovations sociales des deux dernières décennies initiées. Ces innovations proviennent des acteurs sociaux organisés que soit au sein des entreprises manufacturières, de certains services marchands et de l’économie sociale De plus, contrairement à ce que certains pensent, il y a une autre façon de penser le renouvellement du modèle de développement. Un mode basé sur la solidarité qui donne plus de place au partenariat et à la société civile serait le fondement de ce renouvellement.There is a Quebecois model of development in emergence of partenarial type. This model is different as well from the keynesian model and fordist of the « Révolution Tranquille » as the neoliberalism. On the other hand, this model does not still possess solid bases, because insufficiently institutionalized. The possible features of this new configuration were identified by the works of CRISES about the social innovations of both last introduced decades. These innovations result from organized social actors within the industrial companies, within the certain trade services and within the social economy Furthermore, contrary to the fact that some people think, there is another way of thinking of the renewal of the model of development. A mode based on the solidarity which gives more place to the partnership and to the civil society would be the foundation of this renewal.

  2. Masculinité et relations de genre dans la société secrète abakuá

    OpenAIRE

    Morel, Géraldine

    2013-01-01

    La société secrète abakuá fait partie intégrante de l’univers religieux afro-cubain. Toutefois, son mode de fonctionnement ainsi que son système de recrutement « au mérite » s’inscrivent aux antipodes de la logique religieuse commune aux autres modalités de culte présentes sur l’île et reposant sur un échange de bons procédés entre hommes et dieux (transe, sacrifice, divination). En effet, être abakuá implique avant tout une construction de genre spécifique fondée sur une masculinité de type ...

  3. Les especes indonesiennes du genre Homalictus Cockerell (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Halictidae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pauly, A.

    1980-01-01

    RÉSUMÉ Cette note donne la distribution et des clés pour la séparation des 16 espèces de Homalictus Cockerell (groupe Homalictus, s.str.) recensées en Indonésie, île de NouvelleGuinée excepté. Six espèces nouvelles sont décrites (declivis, kangeani, moearae, ranacus, subdeclivis, vechti) ainsi que

  4. Tumelo le Moruo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuyani S. Vellem

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Paleng ya rona batho ba batsho, tumelo ya boKreste e fihlile lefatsheng la rona la Afrika Borwa mmoho le dikgoka tsa ditjhaba tsa boPhirima. BoKreste bo fihlile ka nako ya dintwa tseo mohopolo wa tsona e neng e le ho hapa lefatshe la, batho ba batsho. Ka mantswe amang, rona batho ba batsho, re ile ra qetella re le setjhaba se ileng sa hlolwa, mme lefatshe la rona la nkuwa ka dikgoka. Ka hare ho dikgoka tsena, ho ne ho dutse tumelo ya boKreste. Makgowa a ile are: �A re kwaleng mahlo re rapeleng, rona ra kwala mahlo, mme ha re qeta hore Amen, re bula mahlo, ra fumana lefatshe le nkuwe matsohong a rona ho setse Bibele.� Re ile ra sala le Bibele eo ka yona re lekileng dilemong tse fitileng ho lwana ntwa ya topollo, kapa tokoloho hofihlela selemong sa 1994. Le ha re ile ra fumana tokoloho ka selemo seo, hare so ka re lokoloha ho tsa moruo. E kaba sena se bolela eng mabapi le tumelo ya rona ya boKreste? Segolweng sena re leka ho araba potso ena. Tumelo ke eng ho batho ba sa lokolohang moruong wa naha ya bona? Re lekola pale ya boKreste, tumelo ya batho le maemo a kereke ntlheng ya ho tadimana le tokoloho ka tumelo.Faith and economics. In our history from a black perspective, Christianity arrived through violent conquest from the west. Evidentially, this faith coincided with wars of dispossession and the ultimate defeat of black Africans. It is difficult to separate the violent defeat of black Africans from the arrival of Christian faith. This well-known statement within the circles of black Theology of liberation: When the white man arrived in our land he said, �let us pray and after prayer, when we opened our eyes, our land was taken and only the Bible was left in our hands,� captures the black sentiment of this history. Ironically, it was this Bible that black Africans used to wage their struggle for liberation up to the demise of apartheid in 1994.Nonetheless, political liberation is not enough as the struggle for economic liberation

  5. Hierarchical vs non-hierarchical audio indexation and classification for video genres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dammak, Nouha; BenAyed, Yassine

    2018-04-01

    In this paper, Support Vector Machines (SVMs) are used for segmenting and indexing video genres based on only audio features extracted at block level, which has a prominent asset by capturing local temporal information. The main contribution of our study is to show the wide effect on the classification accuracies while using an hierarchical categorization structure based on Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCC) audio descriptor. In fact, the classification consists in three common video genres: sports videos, music clips and news scenes. The sub-classification may divide each genre into several multi-speaker and multi-dialect sub-genres. The validation of this approach was carried out on over 360 minutes of video span yielding a classification accuracy of over 99%.

  6. Making fictions sound real - On film sound, perceptual realism and genre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birger Langkjær

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the role that sound plays in making fictions perceptually real to film audiences, whether these fictions are realist or non-realist in content and narrative form. I will argue that some aspects of film sound practices and the kind of experiences they trigger are related to basic rules of human perception, whereas others are more properly explained in relation to how aesthetic devices, including sound, are used to characterise the fiction and thereby make it perceptually real to its audience. Finally, I will argue that not all genres can be defined by a simple taxonomy of sounds. Apart from an account of the kinds of sounds that typically appear in a specific genre, a genre analysis of sound may also benefit from a functionalist approach that focuses on how sounds can make both realist and non-realist aspects of genres sound real to audiences.

  7. Making fictions sound real - On film sound, perceptual realism and genre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birger Langkjær

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the role that sound plays in making fictions perceptually real to film audiences, whether these fictions are realist or non-realist in content and narrative form. I will argue that some aspects of film sound practices and the kind of experiences they trigger are related to basic rules of human perception, whereas others are more properly explained in relation to how aesthetic devices, including sound, are used to characterise the fiction and thereby make it perceptually real to its audience. Finally, I will argue that not all genres can be defined by a simple taxonomy of sounds. Apart from an account of the kinds of sounds that typically appear in a specific genre, a genre analysis of sound may also benefit from a functionalist approach that focuses on how sounds can make both realist and non-realist aspects of genres sound real to audiences.

  8. Sports, genre et developpement durable : l'heritage d'une ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sports, genre et developpement durable : l'heritage d'une distribution ... to new populations in situation of confrontation with the difference that Goffman (1975) ... and women (gender), maintain the sports field and behind the appearance of a ...

  9. The Effectiveness of Pre-Service English Teachers’ Collaborative Genre-Based Writing Feedback

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didik Rinan Sumekto

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the collaborative genre-based effectiveness among the pre-service English teachers (PSETs. Data collection used the genre-based writing feedback observation upon its reflection and instruction and need analysis questionnaire. The data analysis used multivariate statistics method to generalize the writing tests. The findings showed that the PSETs’ feedback supported the interaction, accountability, and interdependence. These aspects were due to the collaborative participation in groups, in which the PSETs worked with the flexibility, entirely performed the quality, andcontributed in positive attitude during the meetings and assignments. The feedback emphasized the learning improvement within the formative reflection through the general linear model (GLM repeated measures analysis, where F=6,114 and p<0,01. This study concludes that the collaborative genre-based writing feedback has the positive response from the PSETs. The determinant ranges gains in between 85% to 90% after a series of genre-based writing lectures were conducted.

  10. Inference or enaction? The impact of genre on the narrative processing of other minds.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Carney

    Full Text Available Do narratives shape how humans process other minds or do they presuppose an existing theory of mind? This study experimentally investigated this problem by assessing subject responses to systematic alterations in the genre, levels of intentionality, and linguistic complexity of narratives. It showed that the interaction of genre and intentionality level are crucial in determining how narratives are cognitively processed. Specifically, genres that deployed evolutionarily familiar scenarios (relationship stories were rated as being higher in quality when levels of intentionality were increased; conversely, stories that lacked evolutionary familiarity (espionage stories were rated as being lower in quality with increases in intentionality level. Overall, the study showed that narrative is not solely either the origin or the product of our intuitions about other minds; instead, different genres will have different-even opposite-effects on how we understand the mind states of others.

  11. Multimodal genres in textbooks: are students being schooled for visual literacy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Graziano Paes de Barros

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we discuss some issues involved in teaching and learning reading, especially schooling in visual literacy. We seek to observe the work developed with genres that combine verbal and visual languages, found in the reading activities of two high school textbook series for Portuguese language teaching. Our goal was to understand to what extent these activities contribute towards the development of reading skills needed to deal with the specificities of these genres. Therefore, we used the enunciative and discursive assumptions of the socio-historical approach of Bakhtin Circle, as well as the Social Semiotics perspective to understand multimodality. Data analysis revealed that the incidence of multimodal genres studied in the two textbook series is hardly representative. The didactic treatment these genres receive in reading activities does not favor the mobilization of specific reading skills and contributes little to students‟ visual literacy schooling.

  12. Single-labelled music genre classification using content-based features

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ajoodha, R

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we use content-based features to perform automatic classification of music pieces into genres. We categorise these features into four groups: features extracted from the Fourier transform’s magnitude spectrum, features designed...

  13. Le vernis des apparences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grazia Nicosia

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Le but de cet article est de comprendre l’incidence sémiotique du nettoyage d’un tableau ainsi que la résultante cognitive induite sur l’observateur. Cette étude confronte l’analyse des phénomènes visuels engendrés par le jaunissement du vernis et son retrait, à des entretiens réalisés à dessein. Le retrait d’un vernis jauni change considérablement l’image. L’heure, le climat, la saison et l’activité même des personnages s’en trouvent ainsi modifié. La patine peut être perçue, soit comme un obstacle à l’exploration, soit pour ceux qui l’apprécient, comme le medium d’une relation plus intime entre l’œuvre et l’observateur.The purpose of this article is to understand the semiotic impact of the cleaning of a painting and the cognitive effects induced on the observer. This study analyses conjointly the visual phenomenon generated by yellowing varnish and its removal and controlled interviews of observers.The removal of yellowing varnish modifies considerably the perception of the picture. Daytime, climate, season and characters activities are modified. The patina may be perceived either as an obstacle to the painting exploration, or, for those who appreciate it, as a medium for a closer relationship between the painting and the observer.

  14. The Genre of “Sensational Novel” in the Ukrainian Immigrant Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Wesselenyi, Olexandr

    2013-01-01

    The literary process of the Ukrainian immigration is a special segment of Ukrainian culture and shows an “alternative way” in the development of literature. The purpose of this article is to study the specifications of sensational novels in the Ukrainian immigrant literature.The literary genre “sensational novel” appeared in Great Britain in the second half of the XIX century. These novels typologically descend from another popular Victorian genre – gothic fiction. Later they transformed into...

  15. Why girls play digital games: an empirical study into the relations between gender, motivations and genre

    OpenAIRE

    Van Looy, Jan; Courtois, Cédric; Vermeulen, Lotte

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, several studies have explored the motivations for playing different game genres such as MMO (Yee, 2006a, 2006b) and FPS (Jansz & Tanis, 2007). Others have taken steps towards creating an integrated framework for use across genres (Sherry, Lucas, Greenberg, & Lachlan, 2006). Despite the strong gender bias of the game industry, however, none of these studies have tackled the issue of gender differences in motivations. This paper aims to fill this gap by exploring the relation b...

  16. Digital storytelling as a genre of mediatized self-representations: an introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Gregori-Signes, Carmen; Pennock-Speck, Barry; ,

    2012-01-01

    This article provides a critical review of some of the most relevant studies on digital storytelling and proposes a genre typology that allows an initial classification of digital storytelling into two main types: educational and social. Digital storytelling is a multimodal emergent genre characterised by its versatility and flexibility which has resulted in a series of subgenres. However, the main premise here is that differentiating between social and educational– although one does not excl...

  17. Beyond tragedy : genre and the idea of the tragic in Shakespearean tragedy, history and tragicomedy

    OpenAIRE

    O'Neill, Fionnuala Ruth Clara

    2013-01-01

    This thesis explores the intersection between the study of Shakespearean drama and the theory and practice of early modern dramatic genres. It reassesses the significance of tragedy and the idea of the tragic within three separate yet related generic frames: tragedy, history, and tragicomedy. Behind this research lies the fundamental question of how newly emerging dramatic genres allow Shakespeare to explore tragedy within different aesthetic and dramatic contexts, and of ho...

  18. You Tube Video Genres. Amateur how-to Videos Versus Professional Tutorials

    OpenAIRE

    Andreea Mogoș; Constantin Trofin

    2015-01-01

    In spite of the fact that there is a vast literature on traditional textual and visual genre classifications, the categorization of web content is still a difficult task, because this medium is fluid, unstable and fast-paced on one hand and, on the other hand, the genre classifications are socially constructed through the tagging process and the interactions (commenting, rating, chatting). This paper focuses on YouTube tutorials and aims to compare video tutorials produced by professionals wi...

  19. Genre based Approach to Teach Writing Descriptive Text

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putu Ngurah Rusmawan

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to discuss how teaching and learning activities were carried out by using Genre based Approach in teaching writing descriptive text at junior high school. This study was conducted in the classroom of VII-1. Therefore, the appropriate design was qualitative research design. The subject of the study was the English teacher. To collect data, the researcher used observation and interview. The finding of the study described that the teaching and learning activities that were carried out by the teacher fulfilled the basic competencies. The teacher carried out the opening teaching activities by greeting, asking the students’ preparation during the lesson, checking the student’s attendance list, and informing the learning objective. The teacher carried out the main teaching activities by informing about how to write a descriptive text, giving, and asking opinions, eliciting the students’ understanding, prompting and directing to do exercises. The teacher carried out the closing teaching activities by directing the student to continue at home and eliciting the students’ reflection of what they could learn at that time.

  20. Linguistic Feature Development Across Grades and Genre in Elementary Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall-Mills, Shannon; Apel, Kenn

    2015-07-01

    As children develop skills in writing across academic contexts, clinicians and educators need to have a fundamental understanding of typical writing development as well as valid and reliable assessment methods. The purpose of this study was to examine the progression of linguistic elements in school-age children's narrative and expository writing development. Narrative and expository writing samples produced by 89 children in Grades 2 through 4 were analyzed at the microstructure and macrostructure levels. Measures of receptive vocabulary, word-level reading, and reading comprehension were obtained. Exploratory factor analyses revealed 4 microstructure factors (e.g., productivity, grammatical complexity, grammatical accuracy, and lexical density) and 1 macrostructure factor (e.g., a combination of organization, text structure, and cohesion). Multivariate analyses of covariance with reading comprehension as a covariate showed that productivity and macrostructure were sensitive to grade-level and genre differences and that expository grammatical complexity was sensitive to grade-level differences. Findings are discussed in light of grade-level standards for narrative and expository writing and current practices in writing assessment. Multiple suggestions are offered for clinical and educational implications, and specific directions are provided for future research.

  1. Video game genre as a predictor of problem use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Luther; Golub, Andrew; Ream, Geoffrey; Dunlap, Eloise

    2012-03-01

    This study assessed how problem video game playing (PVP) varies with game type, or "genre," among adult video gamers. Participants (n=3,380) were adults (18+) who reported playing video games for 1 hour or more during the past week and completed a nationally representative online survey. The survey asked about characteristics of video game use, including titles played in the past year and patterns of (problematic) use. Participants self-reported the extent to which characteristics of PVP (e.g., playing longer than intended) described their game play. Five percent of our sample reported moderate to extreme problems. PVP was concentrated among persons who reported playing first-person shooter, action adventure, role-playing, and gambling games most during the past year. The identification of a subset of game types most associated with problem use suggests new directions for research into the specific design elements and reward mechanics of "addictive" video games and those populations at greatest risk of PVP with the ultimate goal of better understanding, preventing, and treating this contemporary mental health problem.

  2. Utiliser le capital religieux pour réduire la pauvreté ? Une étude de cas de la migration transfrontalière dans le sud de la Chine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sam Wong

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available La notion de capital religieux de Laurence Iannaccone met en relief la capacité des individus à puiser des ressources dans les pratiques religieuses ou fondées sur la foi, puis à convertir ce capital religieux en capital humain, social et financier. Les processus d’accumulation et de conversion du capital ont d’importantes incidences sur la réduction de la pauvreté. Cependant, cet article sur les expériences transfrontalières vécues par des migrantes chinoises pauvres dans le sud de la Chine donne à penser que le capital religieux est réparti de manière très inégale au sein des communautés de migrants. La pratique religieuse requiert à la fois du temps et des ressources, si bien que chez les personnes très pauvres, d’importantes contraintes entravent l’accès au capital religieux. L’article révèle certains signes de conversion du capital religieux chez les migrants, mais les causes profondes de la pauvreté, comme les discriminations sociales, n’ont pas été abordées comme il se doit. Pire encore, les membres de la classe dirigeante utilisent les symboles et les rituels religieux pour renforcer leur domination. L’article montre qu’il faut accorder plus d’importance à l’effet distributionnel du capital religieux pour que les pauvres puissent mieux en bénéficier.

  3. Storicizzare le teorie psicocritiche

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    Roberto Talamo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Le teorie psicoanalitiche della letteratura, dopo una fase di alterne fortune, sono oggi praticate da una cerchia di adepti sempre più ristretta. Le nuove koinè critico-teoriche tendono infatti a relegare la dottrina freudiana all’interno di un sapere letterario (e non interpretativo o a sostituire ad essa strumenti ritenuti più efficaci nella descrizione della sfera del mentale in letteratura (neuroestetica e neuronarratologia. La proposta storiografica che qui si avanza non vuole prendere parte in questo dibattito pro o contro la psicocritica, ma vuole leggere le proposte di teoria psicoanalitica della letteratura alla luce di una riflessione sul concetto di ibridazione, concetto sul quale queste teorie hanno costruito il loro confronto con i paradigmi teorici di volta in volta egemoni.

  4. Socio-cognitive aspects of hedging in two legal discourse genres

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    Holly Vass

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available While there are many studies on hedging in a wide variety of disciplinary discourses, the field of Law, to date, has been largely overlooked. Moreover, most research on hedging approaches the phenomenon from either a textual or pragmatic perspective, and tends to compare the same genre across disciplines. By contrast, the objective of this study was to analyse hedging in two legal written discourse genres, namely U.S. Supreme Court opinions and American law review articles, from a comprehensive, socio-cognitive, intra-disciplinary perspective. Due to the essential roles of intuition and hedging competence in the identification of hedges, qualitative data gathering and interpretation techniques were used. Results indicate that differences between the two genres can be linked to certain prototypical features of the genres themselves, particularly context and communicative purposes. Therefore, it is possible to postulate that hedging is in fact genre-specific, at least insofar as legal genres are concerned. Further comparative research must be done to determine if the same is true in other fields as well.

  5. THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE GENRE OF THE CHRISTMAS STORY IN MODERN LITERATURE (D. BYKOV, L. PETRUSHEVSKAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulia Yur'evna Danilenko

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Article is devoted to the study of the transformation of the genre of the Christmas story in modern literature. Th e article analyzes the infl uence of the classic Christmas story by Hans Christian Andersen Th e Little Match Girl on the structure of modern texts of mass and elite literature. (D. Bykov Th e Little Match Girl gives a light, L. Petrushevskaya Black Coat. Th e subject of the study is a strategy of rethinking, recoding the source of the original content in the fabric of a new product. Th e structural and semiotic analysis of the texts revealed some tricks to updates-the-genre: fi lling-up with the new semantics, complicating a genre model of a Christmas story. Analysis showed that referring to the genre of a Christmas story, modern authors have diff erent purposes, using diff erent artistic strategies and methods. Some of them tend to reproduce the canon, appealing to the reader's memory (D. Bykov. Others develop the genre of a Christmas story, enriching it with new structural elements, interlacing it with other genres (L. Petrushevskaya.

  6. The Effect of Genre-Based Teaching on EFL Learners' Speaking Performance

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    Mohammad Bagher Khatibi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The present study examined the effect of genre-based tasks on EFL learners' speaking performance and probed whether genre-based tasks may empower EFL learners to perform better on speaking tests. A further concern of the study was to explore whether the effect of genre-based tasks on speaking ability of EFL learners varied across different age groups, i.e. teenagers (13-16 years old and young adults (24-27 years old. To this end, some generic based consciousness-raising tasks (CRT were adapted from the model proposed by Benedict (2006 to develop control of a genre used as the treatment procedures. Two different speaking tests of different genres (e.g. recount, report, review, etc., used as pretest and posttest, were administered to 120 senior university students majoring in English language translation. The results indicated that consciousness-raising tasks significantly affected EFL learners' speaking performance. However, the effect of generic-based CRTs did not vary across different age groups. Overall, the findings provided empirical support for the facilitative effect of generic-based consciousness-raising tasks on speaking performance of EFL learners. The findings may promise implications for EFL speaking syllabuses and provide guidelines to designers to accommodate the insights derived from the genre-based instruction perspective.

  7. Automated Determination of the Type of Genre and Stylistic Coloring of Russian Texts

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    Barakhnin Vladimir

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we propose the algorithm of automated definition of the genre type and semantic characteristics of poetic texts in Russian. We formulated the approaches to the construction of a joint (“two-dimensional” classifier of genre types and stylistic colouring of poetic texts, based on the definition of interdependence of the type of genre and stylistic colouring of the text. On the basis of these approaches the principles of formation of the training samples for the algorithms for the definition of styles and genre types were analyzed. The computational experiments with a corpus of texts of the Lyceum lyrics of A.S.Pushkin were implemented, which showed good results in determining the stylistic colouring of poetic texts and sufficient results in determining the genres. The proposed algorithms can be used for automation of the complex analysis of Russian poetic texts, significantly facilitating the work of the expert in determining their styles and genres by providing appropriate recommendations.

  8. Genre of khaghani’s elegies

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    Alireza Shanazari

    2016-01-01

    with the help of comparing Khaghani Shervani and Abolhasan Tahami’s elegy by Naser Mohseniniya and Arezu Yazdanpanah Kermani. In Persian courtesy, elegy is often versified and it may have different genres, but the most frequently used genre up to the end of 8th century is the ode, and fragment genre, Refrain and compounding are next ranks. Among Khaghani’s elegies, twenty-one elegies are composed in ode genre, sixteen of which have row and five others do not have any row.   After ode, Fragment genre has more applicability in Khaghani’s Divan in elegies. Generally, he composed nineteen Fragments about the courtier and religious men. Khaghani also composed four composite-tie about his son mourning and government’s personnel. One thing to be noticed by poet about elegy is the proportion of verse with subject. Most of prosodic verses couldn’t be used in elegy. From the beginning of Persian poetry to the end of 8th century, Ramal poetical meter (faelaton foot is the most usable and Gharib poetical metre (faoulon foot is less usable one among others. In Khaghani’s Divan Ramal poetical meter with fifteen cases, the most usable poetical meter is elegy. After future, Mozare octagonal poetical meter (mafoulo faelato mafailo faelon and khafif poetical meter (faelaton mafaelon faelon are placed next with six cases. Mojtas poetical meter (mafaelon faalaton mafaelon faelon monsareh poetical meter (moftaelon faelato moftaelon fa and gharib poetical meter (faoulon faoulon faoulon faal are less usable poetric matre in Khaghani’s Divan about composing elegy.   In Khaghani’s elegies like other poet’s elegies, imagination has been shown differently. Although Khaghani couldn’t hide his influence from the coming event, he also does not give up imagology. According to the conducted studies, one should say that Khaghani made nice images in elegy; images followed by formality, but its amount is less than Khaghani’s other odes. Simile

  9. Les conséquences comportementales des interactions entre consommateurs dans le contexte des services hôteliers en Tunisie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samar Zgolli

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available L’objectif de cet article est d’étudier l’impact de l’extraversion dans le développement des interactions consommateur–consommateur et lele de ce type d’interactions dans le désir de rester, le bouche à oreille et la fidélité. Le modèle conceptuel élaboré et testé dans les hôtels en Tunisie auprès d’un échantillon de 519 touristes de différentes nationalités met en évidence l’importance de l’extraversion, comme trait de personnalité, dans le développement des interactions entre consommateurs, et le pouvoir de ces interactions dans le renforcement de désir de rester à l’hôtel, de le recommander et d’y être fidèle. Les résultats montrent que les clients extravertis s’apprêtent plus à entrer en contact avec les autres clients et à développer davantage des rapports interpersonnels avec eux. De même, ce type d’interaction influence directement et positivement les réactions comportementales dans le contexte de l’hôtellerie. Les résultats appellent à un enrichissement du cadre conceptuel proposé à travers l’intégration des facteurs modérateurs tels que le genre, l’âge et la motivation du séjour.

  10. Femme, genre et politique en Grèce archaïque et classique. Autour d’Artémise d’Halicarnasse, l’amazone qui a existé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violaine Sébillotte Cuchet

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Le dossier regroupe divers travaux rédigés sur la thématique des rapports individu/cité déclinée sur l’axe de l’intégration dans une filiation politique naturalisante (notion de patris et dans une catégorie de sexe (homme/femme. Le manuscrit sur Artémise est un travail d’histoire sociale du culturel dans une démarche critique de genre. Hérodote raconte l’histoire de cette reine d’Halicarnasse en Carie qui, à la tête d’une flottille, tient tête aux Athéniens lors de la bataille de Salamine (...

  11. Premiere recolte de deux especes fongiques du genre polyporus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Au Maroc, les travaux sur les champignons sont rares et aucune liste complète qui répertorie les espèces d'une région donnée n'est encore disponible. L'objectif de ce travail est d'étudier la flore fongique au niveau de la Mamora, Moyen Atlas et le Rif. Des prospections effectuées dans ces régions et la détermination des ...

  12. Genre et jeunesse à l'époque contemporaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Véronique Blanchard

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Adams Mary Louise. The Trouble with Normal: Postwar Youth and the Making of Heterosexuality. Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1997, 256 p.Bantigny Ludivine, Le plus bel âge ? - Jeunes et jeunesse en France de l'aube des « Trente Glorieuses » à la guerre d'Algérie, Paris, Fayard, 2007, 498 p.Bard Christine, « Jeunesse de la garçonne », in Ludivine Bantigny, Ivan Jablonka (dir., Jeunesse oblige. Une histoire des jeunes en France (XIXe-XXIe siècles, Paris, PUF, 2009, pp. 111-126.Blanchard...

  13. Utilisation des espèces du genre Aframomum ( Aframomum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La génération des radicaux libres résultant de l'oxydation des lipides est l'un des problèmes associés à la perte des aliments et des maladies notamment celles liées au surpoids et à l'obésité. Les espèces oxygénées réactives telles que le radical hydroxyle et les hydroperoxydes sont généralement produites par des ...

  14. A community ecology of genres: Explaining the emergence of new genres in the UK field of electronic/dance music, 1985-1999

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Venrooij, A.

    2015-01-01

    This paper proposes and tests a ‘cultural ecological’ model for explaining the emergence of 12 genres in the UK field of electronic/dance music. By combining two large data sets, containing more than eight thousand documents from the mainstream UK music press and discographical information on almost

  15. The Influence of Genre Constraints on Author Representation in Medical Research Articles. The French Indefinite Pronoun On in IMRAD Research Articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anje Müller Gjesdal

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Scientific discourse is characterized by highly normative and strict genre constraints on language use, both on the macro (text and micro (word level. The purpose of this article is to study the distribution of the French indefinite pronoun on and its interpretative values across the sections of French-language medical articles (KIAP corpus in the IMRAD format (Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion. The main hypothesis is that the IMRAD structure entails a specific distribution of macro level textual structures (author roles, argumentation, rhetorical functions, and that this is reflected in the distribution of micro level linguistic markers, such as the pronoun on. Previous studies based on a more limited material (Gjesdal, 2008 indicate that the variation in the interpretative values of on seems to be influenced by the IMRAD format, and, furthermore, that the different values seem to correspond to different author roles. Particular emphasis will be put on the influence of the linear sequencing of text imposed by the IMRAD format and the distribution of author roles and speech acts across the text.Le discours scientifique se caractérise par des contraintes rigoureuses sur la production linguistique au niveau micro-linguistique (mot aussi bien qu’au niveau macro-linguistique (texte. Cet article a pour objectif d’étudier la distribution du pronom on et ses valeurs interprétatives à travers les sections d’articles médicaux sous le format IMRAD (Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion dans un corpus d’articles médicaux (le corpus KIAP. L’hypothèse principale est que la structure IMRAD impose une distribution spécifique de structures textuelles (rôles d’auteur, argumentation, fonctions rhétoriques qui sera à son tour reflétée dans la distribution des marqueurs micro-linguistiques comme le pronom on.

  16. Intégrer le coût global dans les projets de construction les composantes du coût global et sa mise en oeuvre

    CERN Document Server

    Seguin, Gérard

    2014-01-01

    Coût global, valeur verte, cycle de vie, qualité globale sont des termes couramment utilisés pour mettre en avant une approche durable du bâtiment, tant au niveau d’une opération de construction, de rénovation, d’aménagement que d’une politique de maintenance ou d’un plan stratégique de patrimoine. Penser en termes de coût global revient à considérer l’économie d’un projet au-delà des coûts immédiats, c'est-à-dire en tenant compte des coûts et bénéfices différés, qu’ils soient proches ou plus lointains dans le temps, directs ou indirects, tangibles ou immatériels. Cette démarche imposée dans les projets donnant lieu à externalisation (PPP, BEH, etc.) mérite d’être généralisée. Ce guide, à travers la définition et le rappel des fondamentaux, l’analyse du coût global et l’illustration par de nombreux exemples aidera les différents acteurs du bâtiment à juger des interactions économiques entre investissement et exploitation d’un ouvrage ou d’un aménag...

  17. Le genre Guibourtia Benn., un taxon à haute valeur commerciale et sociétale (synthèse bibliographique

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    Tosso, F.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Guibourtia Benn.: a high conservation value genus. A review. Introduction. Known as a genus of great socio-cultural and economical importance, Guibourtia Benn. includes morphologically very similar multipurpose sister species, found in various habitats with different climate and soil conditions. In many places, Guibourtia is subject to local overexploitation by forest companies and local communities. As the population density of Guibourtia species is generally very low, it may be necessary to conduct scientific investigations that will provide valuable information for the management of the populations concerned. Literature. This paper is based on an extensive literature review and summarizes the available information on the genus Guibourtia, in terms of botany, ecology, genetics, forestry and ethnobotany. Our review provided evidence that, to date, ecological and silvicultural knowledge regarding Guibourtia species is lacking and that it is very difficult to morphologically differentiate very similar sister species. In addition, we provide a new determination key for the genus Guibourtia. Conclusion. Based on the available information, it is difficult to assess the conservation status of these taxa. Further investigations are needed to suggest appropriate management strategies for Guibourtia. Moreover, species diversity within this genus and its distribution in various tropical biomes make it an excellent biological model for understanding the historical, biological and environmental mechanisms that explain the diversity of tropical moist forests.

  18. L’enseignement commercial aux XIXe et XXe siècles approché par le genre

    OpenAIRE

    Thivend, Marianne

    2014-01-01

    L’enseignement technique et professionnel des filles forme pendant longtemps un angle mort des recherches historiques. Quant à l’enseignement commercial, il ne suscite l’intérêt des chercheurs que pour ses niveaux supérieurs de formation. Cet article propose donc dans un premier temps de revenir sur les conditions de l’émergence, depuis une vingtaine d’années en France, de ces deux domaines de recherche et d’examiner les croisements déjà réalisés. Dans un second temps et à partir des chantier...

  19. Villes mortes, villes à l’agonie. Écriture du ravage dans Le quatrième mur de Sorj Chalandon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Barraud

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Particularly productive during the fin- de-siècle literature, the literary motif of dead cities is instilled with a new meaning in the Sorj Chalandon’s novel Le quatrième mur. Sorj Chalandon implements a poetics of sacking by which the devastated city be- comes both a fictional and tragic space of creation where the genre of the tomb is re- invented.

  20. L’émergence des comédies communautaires dans le cinéma français : Ambiguïtés et paradoxes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rosello, M.

    2017-01-01

    Cet article suggère que depuis le début du vingt-et-unième siècle, un nouveau genre a fait son apparition en France : la comédie communautaire. A l’écoute des analyses politiques et esthétiques qui ont accueilli des films comme Intouchables (Éric Toledano and Oliver Nakache, 2011), Qu’est-ce qu’on a

  1. Le vase de Pandore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Panichi

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Il s’agit ici de suivre les stratégies discursives par lesquelles Érasme situe sa Lingua sous le patronage symbolique de deux mythes des plus opératoires à la Renaissance : le vase de Pandore et la tour de Babel, tous deux verrouillant le texte, l’un en guise d’incipit, l’autre d’explicit, dans un dialogue où chacun use de l’autre pour renforcer les significations et instaurer le régime sémantique du texte, tant linguistique qu’éthique. Ce sont ces jeux complexes entre différents niveaux de discours dont dépend le sens ultime de l’œuvre que cet article s’attache à saisir.Se trata de seguir aquí las estrategias discursivas mediante las cuales Erasmo sitúa su Lingua bajo el dominio simbólico de dos de los mitos más funcionales del Renacimiento: el vaso de Pandora y la torre de Babel, los cuales limitan el texto, uno a modo de íncipit, otro de excipit, en un diálogo en el que se valen el uno del otro para reforzar los significados y establecer el régimen semántico del texto, tanto lingüístico como ético. Son esos juegos complejos entre diferentes niveles de discurso, de los que depende el sentido último de la obra, que este artículo intenta captar.

  2. Kathoey, un genre multiple Kathoey, Multiple Gender : Identity Adaptation and Negotiation Process among Thai MTF Transsexuals in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheera Thongkrajai

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Les kathoey, transgenres et transsexuels Male-to-Female thaïlandais s’adaptent pour trouver lele ou la présentation identitaire convenant aux contextes et aux interactions auxquels elles doivent faire face. Elles peuvent adopter une apparence ou un rôle plus masculin lorsque la situation dans laquelle elles se trouvent ne leur permet pas d’affirmer leur féminité ou que celle-ci pourrait leur nuire socialement. Elles peuvent également accentuer leur féminité pour exprimer leur sentiment identitaire. Les kathoey négocient leur place en faisant preuve de leurs qualités personnelles et de leurs compétences et en mettant également en évidence leurs autres privilèges : statut socio-économique, beauté, etc. pour gagner une reconnaissance sociale. Malgré leur marginalité due à leur différence de genre, elles tentent de s’intégrer dans leurs milieux sociaux en adaptant leur image identitaire, en assumant leurs responsabilités et en réussissant leur vie familiale et professionnelle.Thai male-to-female transsexuals, “kathoey” adapt themselves and adjust their roles and their physical identity i.e., their appearances to different interactional situations. They can adopt their appearance and play masculine roles in the situation in which revealing femininity would be inacceptable or would cause them problem socially. Occasionally, in some situations, they can do the opposite by showing off their femininity they confirm to others who they really are. Kathoey negotiate their identity and their social position by proving and emphasizing on their personal qualities, capacities and others privileges such as social and economical status, beauty, professional competency etc. to gain social acceptation and admiration. Even though they have been marginalized by the society, they tend to reintegrate themselves in their social environment by using different strategies of such as personal identities, showing of their professional

  3. Genre et harcèlement entre pairs à l'école primaire: analyse quantitative et qualitative des résultats d'une enquête de prévalence du harcèlement au prisme des études de genre

    OpenAIRE

    Barby Carole; Jaffé Philip D.

    2013-01-01

    Cette recherche a pour objet le harcèlement entre pairs à l’école primaire, examiné sous l’angle des études de genre. Menée en Valais (Suisse), elle se base sur les données d’une enquête de prévalence organisée par l’Institut universitaire Kurt Bösch et la Haute école pédagogique du Valais auprès de 4091 enfants âgés de 10 à 13 ans. Les résultats mettent en évidence des variations significatives dans les proportions de filles et de garçons victimes et auteurs des différentes formes de victima...

  4. Le sport, lieu de questionnement des rapports sociaux de sexe ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carine Guérandel

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article analyse les rapports sociaux de sexe au sein d’une équipe sportive mixte d’ultimate à partir du concept de « régime de genre » de Robert Connell. L’étude prend également en compte les caractéristiques sociales des pratiquants et du contexte afin de penser conjointement la construction sociale des différences de genre et de classe. Enfin, en s’intéressant aux manières dont les hommes et les femmes interagissent au cours des entraînements et des situations de match, ce travail s’intéresse à la question des modes de construction de la mixité. Les résultats montrent notamment les effets contrastés du régime de genre de l’ultimate.When sport questions social relations of sexes: the example of a co-ed team activity in competitionThis article analyzes social relations of sexes in a co-ed team sport called ultimate with Robert Connell’s concept of « gender regime ». The study also takes into account the social characteristics of practitioners and contexts in order to examine social construction of gender and class differences. Then this research will look at men and women’s interactions during training and match situations to deal with the issue of co-ed construction ways. Results show that the gender regime of ultimate drives to contrasting effects.Cuando el deporte cuestiona las relaciones sociales de género: el ejemplo de una práctica colectiva mixta en competiciónEste articulo analiza las relaciones sociales de género dentro un equipo deportista mixto de « ultímate » a partir del concepto de « régimen de género » de Robert Connell. El estudio tiene también en cuenta las características sociales de los practicantes y del contexto para pensar de forma conjunta la construcción social de las diferencias de género y de clase. Se ha estudiado la forma en la que hombres y mujeres interactúan durante los entrenamientos y los partidos, este trabajo se interesa por la pregunta de los

  5. Compte rendu de Gouanvic (Jean-Marc, Pratique sociale de la traduction. Le roman réaliste américain dans le champ littéraire français (1920-1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Séverine Olivier

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Pratique sociale de la traduction fait suite à l’ouvrage Sociologie de la traduction (1999, dans lequel Jean-Marc Gouanvic analysait l’introduction de la science-fiction américaine dans la France des années 1950 et l’émergence concomitante d’un champ autonome de la science-fiction française. Dans son nouvel opus, Gouanvic se penche sur le genre romanesque réaliste — genre qu’il considère comme dominant en Occident — et plus particulièrement sur la traduction de romans réalistes américains da...

  6. SPECIFIC OF GENRE OF I.S. TURGENEV’S DRAMA “THE NEGLIGENCE”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isakova Yana Nazirbekovna

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Opinions about genre of the I.S. Turgenev’s play «The Negligence» are mixed. A drama sketch attracts attention. In the article considered the features of dramatic conflict and genre Turgenev’s play «The Negligence». Necessary, analyzing the key judgments of critics, researchers, scientists, and to identify the genre of the play features dramatic conflict. Methods: To achieve this goal using a range of methods and approaches of the various areas of knowledge, in the first place, cultural and literary studies. The interdisciplinary nature of the problem requires an integrated approach that combines cultural studies, literary-historical, comparative, artistic aspects of the analysis of texts. Results: Turgenev's play «The Negligence» is a difficult genre formation in which manifested traits melodrama, a romantic drama, the play-scene elements of psychological drama. Application: Analysis of genre affiliation plays can learn more particularly Turgenev’s dramatic works.

  7. The Blogging Artist: a Genre-Analysis Approach to Teaching English for Art Purposes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anda-Elena Crețiu

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Building on the now classic approaches to Discourse Analysis offered by Swales and Bhatia, the present paper tries to establish the benefits and value of applying the method of Genre Analysis to teaching English for Art Purposes, with a focus on a more recent Internet genre, that of the artist’s blog (weblog. The artist’s blog is seen as part of the greater genre of the weblog, which has already been classified into a number of subgenres. The paper proposes yet another dimension to be added to those already considered when classifying the weblogs: the dimension of “occupational-oriented content” as a descriptive for further classifications; it also tries to uncover the generic features of this type of discourse. The ultimate aim of this study is, on the one hand, that of providing art students with the necessary know-how of using the weblog genre for their current and future professional purposes, as part of the complex system of genres devised by the artistic discourse community in order to communicate both within and without itself, and, on the other hand, to help students use their knowledge of the English language to create such a discourse type in order to obtain maximum benefits.

  8. Genre differentiation in ”A guided Tour through the Museum of Communism” by Slavenka Draculic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakov Sabljić

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available On the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, a Croatian novelist Slavenka Drakulic simultaneously in several countries published a collection of essays titled A Guided Tour through the Museum of Communism. The collection consists of eight stories narrated by animals: a mole, a mouse, a dog, a cat, a raven, a parrot, a pig and a bear. The animals talk about neuralgic issues of Communism in former Eastern European countries (Eastern Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Rumania, Albania, Yugoslavia, Hungary and Bulgaria. The genre differentiation is based on determining postmodern variations of basic genre conventions in the process of creating a piece of literature. Fable variations are determined by analyzing the relationship between a fable and other genre forms, such as, an essay, a novella, a legend, a myth. Next to genre differentiation of a literary structure, one can also observe the differentiation of its role that has been conditioned by today’s cultural memory. In that manner, mythologized persons, objects and features of Communism are analyzed as universal symbols of a message, as well as elements of a satiric play. This paper will determine in which ways the above mentioned variations enrich the existent genre forms.

  9. Hybridization of crime fiction genre forms as a representation of contemporary cultural process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. O. Krapivnyk

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The research is devoted to the consideration of hybridization of crime fiction forms in the contemporary cultural process. The work showed that, from the point of view of the culture development, sophistication of the classical crime fiction formula, hybridization of detective fiction with other fiction genres is a natural process of the strive to vary і diversify, combine genres, styles and means of text presentation (from a hard copy or audio book to video and computer games, which is related to the crisis of the Modernity project epoch, where fiction genres were quite self­sufficient, and the transition to the postmodern (or updated Modern, where the human consciousness is dominated by the processes of simultaneous specialization and combination of various industries, in other words, divergence and convergence. It may be claimed that a detective text as one of the most popular genres in the contemporary information culture, in particular, because it reveals secrets, clarifies vague things and assists in discovering the truth, transforms so that there is a process of detectivization of different text products of the cultural industry. At the same time the very detective formula as a component of various genres becomes a tool for playing and influencing the consciousness of a contemporary person.

  10. Introducing People – Genre Analysis and Oral Comprehension and Oral Production Tasks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keila Rocha Reis de Carvalho

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at presenting an analysis of the genre introducing people and at suggesting listening comprehension and oral production tasks. This work was developed according to the characterization of the rhetorical organization of situations taken from seventeen films that contain the genre under analysis. Although several studies in the ESP area carried out recently (Andrade, 2003; Cardoso, 2003; Shergue, 2003; Belmonte, 2003; Serafini, 2003 have identified listening comprehension and oral production as the abilities that should be prioritized in an English course, much needs to be done, especially concerning the oral genres that take into account the language the learners of English as a second language need in their target situation. This work is based on Hutchinson & Waters (1987 theoretical background on ESP, Swales’ (1990 genre analysis, Ramos’ (2004 pedagogical proposal, and also on Ellis´ (2003 tasks concept. The familiarization of learners of English as a second language with this genre will provide them with the opportunity to better understand and use the English language in their academic and professional life.

  11. 'I love Rock 'n' Roll'--music genre preference modulates brain responses to music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Istók, Eva; Brattico, Elvira; Jacobsen, Thomas; Ritter, Aileen; Tervaniemi, M

    2013-02-01

    The present study examined the effect of participants' music genre preference on the neural processes underlying evaluative and cognitive judgements of music using the event-related potential technique. To this aim, two participant groups differing in their preference for Latin American and Heavy Metal music performed a liking judgement and a genre classification task on a variety of excerpts of either music genre. A late positive potential (LPP) was elicited in all conditions between 600 and 900 ms after stimulus onset. During the genre classification task, an early negativity was elicited by the preferred compared to the non-preferred music at around 230-370 ms whereas the non-preferred genre was characterized by a larger LPP. The findings suggest that evaluative and cognitive judgements of music are accompanied by affective responses and that the valence of music may spontaneously modulate early processes of music categorization even when no overt liking judgement is required. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Background music genre can modulate flavor pleasantness and overall impression of food stimuli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiegel, Alexandra; Meullenet, Jean-François; Harrington, Robert J; Humble, Rachel; Seo, Han-Seok

    2014-05-01

    This study aimed to determine whether background music genre can alter food perception and acceptance, but also to determine how the effect of background music can vary as a function of type of food (emotional versus non-emotional foods) and source of music performer (single versus multiple performers). The music piece was edited into four genres: classical, jazz, hip-hop, and rock, by either a single or multiple performers. Following consumption of emotional (milk chocolate) or non-emotional food (bell peppers) with the four musical stimuli, participants were asked to rate sensory perception and impression of food stimuli. Participants liked food stimuli significantly more while listening to the jazz stimulus than the hip-hop stimulus. Further, the influence of background music on overall impression was present in the emotional food, but not in the non-emotional food. In addition, flavor pleasantness and overall impression of food stimuli differed between music genres arranged by a single performer, but not between those by multiple performers. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that music genre can alter flavor pleasantness and overall impression of food stimuli. Furthermore, the influence of music genre on food acceptance varies as a function of the type of served food and the source of music performer. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  13. Robust parameterization of time-frequency characteristics for recognition of musical genres of Mexican culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez Rosas, Osvaldo G.; Rivera Martínez, José L.; Maldonado Cano, Luis A.; López Rodríguez, Mario; Amaya Reyes, Laura M.; Cano Martínez, Elizabeth; García Vázquez, Mireya S.; Ramírez Acosta, Alejandro A.

    2017-09-01

    The automatic identification and classification of musical genres based on the sound similarities to form musical textures, it is a very active investigation area. In this context it has been created recognition systems of musical genres, formed by time-frequency characteristics extraction methods and by classification methods. The selection of this methods are important for a good development in the recognition systems. In this article they are proposed the Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCC) methods as a characteristic extractor and Support Vector Machines (SVM) as a classifier for our system. The stablished parameters of the MFCC method in the system by our time-frequency analysis, represents the gamma of Mexican culture musical genres in this article. For the precision of a classification system of musical genres it is necessary that the descriptors represent the correct spectrum of each gender; to achieve this we must realize a correct parametrization of the MFCC like the one we present in this article. With the system developed we get satisfactory detection results, where the least identification percentage of musical genres was 66.67% and the one with the most precision was 100%.

  14. Characteristics of Internet use in relation to game genre in Korean adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Moon-Soo; Ko, Young-Hoon; Song, Hyoung-Seok; Kwon, Ku-Hyung; Lee, Hyeon-Soo; Nam, Min; Jung, In-Kwa

    2007-04-01

    As the number of internet users increases, a new game genre using the internet as a networking tool is emerging. Some game genres are regarded as having greater addiction potentials than others. Games and the internet are closely related. We investigated games frequently used by adolescents and classified each of them with the help of game professionals. We also examined internet use patterns to identify relationships between game genre and internet use patterns. 627 middle school and high school students (male 488, female 139) completed questionnaires concerning computer and game use patterns and Korean internet addiction scales. Game genres were divided into eight criteria (simulation, role playing game, web board, community, action, adventure, shooting, and sports). Using Korean internet addiction scales, 627 participants were divided into a normal group (474), a potential risk group (128), and a high-risk group (25). Each group showed significant differences in total internet addiction scores. We classified players into specific game users based upon the game types they most prefer. Role playing game users showed significantly higher internet addiction scores than web board and sports game users. Game and internet addictions are also connected with interpersonal relationship patterns. We suggest that users of some game genre have unique psychological addiction potentials that are different from others and that this influences both game selection and internet use.

  15. SPECIFIC OF GENRE OF I.S. TURGENEV’S DRAMA “THE NEGLIGENCE”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Яна Назирбековна Исакова

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Opinions about genre of the I.S. Turgenev’s play «The Negligence» are mixed. A drama sketch attracts attention.  In the article considered the features of dramatic conflict and genre Turgenev’s play «The Negligence». Necessary, analyzing the key judgments of critics, researchers, scientists, and to identify the genre of the play features dramatic conflict.Methods:To achieve this goal using a range of methods and approaches of the various areas of knowledge, in the first place, cultural and literary studies. The interdisciplinary nature of the problem requires an integrated approach that combines cultural studies, literary-historical, comparative, artistic aspects of the analysis of texts.Results:Turgenev's play «The Negligence» is a difficult genre formation in which manifested traits melodrama, a romantic drama, the play-scene elements of psychological drama.Application:Analysis of genre affiliation plays can learn more particularly Turgenev’s dramatic works.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-5-4

  16. Le premier partenariat public-privé pour l’irrigation au Maroc : durable pour tous ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Houdret Annabelle

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Les partenariats public-privé (PPP sont un phénomène relativement récent dans le secteur de l’irrigation ; le projet El Guerdane au Maroc est ainsi le premier de son genre. Inauguré en 2008, le projet alimente en eau 10 000 ha de plantations d’agrumes. Les banques internationales de développement le présentent comme un succès, mais l’impact sur le développement local est, au mieux, mitigé. Alors que certains agriculteurs ont bénéficié de cette initiative, d’autres ont été marginalisés, en termes d’accès à l’eau, aux terres fertiles et au développement. Fondé sur des recherches de terrain extensives conduites entre 2005 et 2013, l’article révèle trois problèmes cruciaux du projet PPP : des effets souvent négatifs sur les revenus des acteurs et sur le développement ; un partage inégal des coûts, des bénéfices et des risques entre les secteurs public et privé ; un impact environnemental incertain. Sur la base de ces résultats, l’étude situe le projet dans le contexte plus large de l’évolution des rapports de force politico-économiques au Maroc.

  17. Le plurilinguisme du perroquet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Mühlbacher

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available La figure du perroquet occupe une position ambiguë face à la question de la traduction. Il est capable d’imiter des paroles en toutes les langues, mais il n’est capable d’en comprendre aucune — il ne peut que répéter des sons, c’est-à-dire des signifiants. Le traducteur semble faire le contraire quand il passe d’une langue à une autre en tâchant de transmettre une signification semblable par d’autres signes. L’article vise à discuter lele du traducteur et sa relation, éventuellement équivoque, au perroquet, en analysant la traduction allemande de Trois Contes par André Stoll et Cora van Kleffens. Un décalage au niveau sémantique peut éclairer l’interprétation du texte, par exemple en explicitant des allusions sous-jacentes, tandis que le transfert de la syntaxe française en allemand pose souvent des problèmes considérables. Comment le traducteur peut-il reproduire des structures syntaxiques qui n’existent pas en allemand, mais qui ne cessent de revenir dans le texte français ? Que faire si le texte se met à jouer au perroquet et finit par se singer lui-même ? André Stoll et Cora van Kleffens ont su trouver des stratégies pour affronter ces difficultés.The figure of the parrot holds an ambiguous position towards the question of translation. It is able to imitate all languages, but it will never understand any of them – its only skill is to mimic sounds, i.e. mere signifiers. On the contrary, the translator seems to be the antithesis of the parrot when he moves from one language to another. He endeavours to convey a similar meaning, but by different signs. The article aims at discussing the role of the translator and his or her eventually equivocal relation to the parrot by means of analysing the German translation of Trois Contes by André Stoll and Cora van Kleffens. Whereas a semantic divergence can result in a different tendency on the level of interpretation, as in the case of an underlying

  18. Le cru, le cuit et le pourri dans _Le vice-consul_ de Marguerite Duras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Caron

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Bien que plusieurs articles critiques aient déjà avancé de nouvelles perspectives sur le texte Le Vice-Consul (LVC de Marguerite Duras, l’analyse de la représentation de la nourriture dans ce roman n’a fait l’objet d’aucune étude. Cet article tente donc de combler cette lacune en proposant d’analyser les images du cru et du cuit, images qui se rejoignent sous les notions du pourri et de l’abject, tout en offrant quelques interprétations de l’un des passages critiques du roman où la folle mendiante croque la tête d’un poisson vivant.

  19. Le charme slave

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonella Mauri

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Antonella Mauri analyse l’image des femmes slaves immigrées en Italie telle qu’elle apparaît à travers la publicité, la littérature romanesque (La ballata dei lavavetri de Peter Del monte, Luce Profuga de Valerio Aiolli, Pornokiller de Bruno Ventavoli, le cinéma, la bande dessinée (Danilo Maramotti, image qu’elle oppose aux résultats d’une enquête qu’elle a menée sur le terrain. Elle s’interroge en particulier sur la permanence des stéréotypes liés à la femme slave.

  20. Le Brahmane du Komintern

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    Elizabeth Burgos

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Le Brahmane du Komintern, largometraje documental del realizador francés Vladimir León, constituye un ejercicio ejemplar de investigación histórica y  de lograda factura de realización. Y, pese a no haber contado con la ayuda de ninguno organismo público, se trata de un ambicioso proyecto que cubre una amplia extensión geográfica que abarca: Estados Unidos, México, Moscú, Berlín, y la India. Gira en torno a una figura que tuvo en su tiempo su hora de gloria. Un bengalí, hijo de braman, la c...

  1. Le monde quantique

    CERN Document Server

    Aspect, A; Bensaude-Vincent, B; Castiel, A; Chevalley, C; Darrigol, O; Deligeorges, S; D'Espagnat, B; Laloë, F; Lévy-Leblond, J-M; Messiah, A; Paty, M; Vuillemin, J; Wheaton, B R

    1984-01-01

    Le monde quantique La physique quantique, après trois quarts de siècle, n'en finit pas d'être moderne. Elle est présente quotidiennement dans les laboratoires où les physiciens étudient atomes, noyaux et particules. Elle est entrée dans l'industrie où lasers, transistors et supraconducteurs lui doivent d'exister. Et elle continue à alimenter le débat philosophique sur la nature de la réalité dont elle montre la non-séparabilité fondamentale. Ses concepts de base, son développement, ses applications, ses controverses sont ici présentés par une pléiade de physiciens, d'historiens et de philosophes.

  2. Le CRDI au Ghana

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    pour prévenir le paludisme, des études ayant démontré que leur utilisation pouvait réduire considérablement la mortalité infantile. Les chercheurs ont également suggéré aux gouvernements différents moyens pour inciter les gens à acheter les moustiquaires et à les utiliser correctement. Les TI au service de la démocratie.

  3. Le Culture preistoriche

    OpenAIRE

    Tanda, Giuseppa

    1987-01-01

    Le più antiche manifestazioni della presenza dell'uomo, nella provincia di Sassari (e in Sardegna), risalgono al Quaternario: sono state osservate nel 1979, nel bacino del rio Altana-Anzos, situato nel territorio dei comuni di Laerru e Perfugas. Il presente lavoro propone un excursus dal Paleolitico al Neolitico (antico, medio e recente) fino all'Età del Rame e all'Età del Bronzo (II metà del III millennio-1600 a.C.).

  4. Le CRDI en Chine

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    les employés du secteur non structuré ont de meilleures conditions de travail. □ les citoyens influencent les décisions relatives aux dépenses publiques. Soutien accordé par le CRDI depuis 1981. 222 activités d'une valeur de 59 millions CAD. Chercheurs et agriculteurs s'emploient à améliorer les moyens de subsistance.

  5. Le CRDI en Tunisie

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    les citoyens arabes sont plus présents sur Internet. Soutien accordé depuis 1975. 49 activités. 8 millions cad. Dans la foulée du Printemps arabe, les chercheurs conçoivent des réformes visant à assurer l'essor de la démocratie et en examinent la validité. CRDI centre de recherches pour le développement international.

  6. From 'essay' to 'personal text': The role of genre in Norwegian EFL exam papers 1996-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigrid Ørevik

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction This article investigates developments in the use of genre in Norwegian EFL exam papers for first year upper secondary school during the time period from 1996 to 2011, describing genres rendered in texts for reception (attached text material and texts for production (task options in the main exam assignment in the two curriculum periods Reform 94 and the Knowledge Promotion of 2006. Genre-related patterns are identified and compared, and the aspect of multimodality in texts for reception and production in EFL exams is discussed. Material and method Sixteen exam papers from 1996 to 2011 constitute the corpus material of the study. Genres rendered in attached text material are categorized, as well as specified and inferred genre instructions in the chief assignment for text production. The study employs a mixed method combining quantitative and qualitative analyses. Findings The results show significant changes in genres rendered in texts for reception. A few computer-generated genres are observed in the last curriculum period; but no increase in multimodal texts from R94 to LK06 is observed. The range of genres for production remains largely unchanged through the period of investigation, although the distribution among the genres changes. Moreover, genre instructions in text assignments are, to a certain extent, unclear or mixed in both curriculum periods, although more so in R94 than in LK06. Discussion and conclusion Based on these findings the article suggests further investigation and debate concerning genre awareness connected to EFL exams, among education authorities as well as among teachers and students of English.

  7. A hybrid documentary genre: Animated documentary and the analysis of Waltz with Bashir (2008 Movie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barış Tolga Ekinci

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The word documentary has been described as an advice” in “Oxford English Dictionary” in the late 1800s. Document is a main source of information for lawyers. And in cinema, basic film forms are defined with their own properties. The common sense is to separate documentary from fiction, experimental from main current and animation from the live action films. While these definitions were being made, it has been considered that which expression methods were used. The film genre which is called documentary has been defined in many different ways. In this study, animated documentary genre which is a form of hybrid documentary has been concerned with Baudrillard’s theory. In this context, Ari Folman’s animated documentary Waltz with Bassir (2008 has been analyzed with genre criticism method.

  8. THE BAGATELLE GENRE AND ITS REALIZATION IN THE CREATION OF COMPOSER NICOLAE CIOLAC

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    ANDRONOVICI-RUSU ADELA

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the present paper there is an excursion into the history of the bagatelle genre. Initially conceived as a piece of minor importance, with a moderate instrumental-technical aspect that belongs to „easy” pieces for interpretation, the bagatelle dur­ing its evolution, obtained a status of an aphoristic musical genre in which a profound ideative content is essentially conveyed in a laconic, concentrated form. Further are analyzed five Bagatelles for piano written by composer Nicolae Ciolac. The author considers the thematic and architectural problems of the opus, as well as some speciic interpretative peculiarities. In conclu­sion it is affirmed that the analyzed bagatelles represent s group of pieces novel for Moldovan composition that has at its base a logic characteristic of the miniature genre.

  9. Towards the use of similarity distances to music genre classification: A comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goienetxea, Izaro; Martínez-Otzeta, José María; Sierra, Basilio; Mendialdua, Iñigo

    2018-01-01

    Music genre classification is a challenging research concept, for which open questions remain regarding classification approach, music piece representation, distances between/within genres, and so on. In this paper an investigation on the classification of generated music pieces is performed, based on the idea that grouping close related known pieces in different sets -or clusters- and then generating in an automatic way a new song which is somehow "inspired" in each set, the new song would be more likely to be classified as belonging to the set which inspired it, based on the same distance used to separate the clusters. Different music pieces representations and distances among pieces are used; obtained results are promising, and indicate the appropriateness of the used approach even in a such a subjective area as music genre classification is.

  10. Towards the use of similarity distances to music genre classification: A comparative study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izaro Goienetxea

    Full Text Available Music genre classification is a challenging research concept, for which open questions remain regarding classification approach, music piece representation, distances between/within genres, and so on. In this paper an investigation on the classification of generated music pieces is performed, based on the idea that grouping close related known pieces in different sets -or clusters- and then generating in an automatic way a new song which is somehow "inspired" in each set, the new song would be more likely to be classified as belonging to the set which inspired it, based on the same distance used to separate the clusters. Different music pieces representations and distances among pieces are used; obtained results are promising, and indicate the appropriateness of the used approach even in a such a subjective area as music genre classification is.

  11. The effects of music genre on young people's alcohol consumption: an experimental observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engels, Rutger C M E; Poelen, Evelien A P; Spijkerman, Renske; Ter Bogt, Tom

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to test whether exposure to specific music genres in a social drinking setting leads to differences in drinking levels. An observational experimental design was used in which we invited peer groups of young adults into a bar lab, a lab which is furnished like an ordinary, small pub. Between two tasks, people had a break of 50 minutes in which they could order nonalcoholic and alcoholic beverages. During the break, participants were exposed to a specific music genre: popular, hard rock, rap, or classical music. Those groups who were exposed to classical music drank significantly more alcohol than those who were exposed to other music genres. This pattern is quite robust and does not depend on participants' sex or age, drinking habits, own music preference, and relative importance of music in participant's lives. The study's limitations are mentioned.

  12. Homosexual men (and lesbian men) in a heterosexual genre: three gangster films from Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossman, A

    2000-01-01

    Of the East Asian film genres that have captured the attention of film goers internationally, it should be of little surprise that martial and heroically masculine genres have been the most popular, for violent action translates well into any language. Although it has been no secret that male martiality often leaks into homoerotic desire (on the part of the audience, too), three Hong Kong films from 1998 have finally explicated the generic homosexuality that the action genre has been (defensively) ashamed to admit all along. However, rather than posit this textual homosexuality as transgressive, the generic forces under which these films operate rewrite their homosexualities, both gay and lesbian, into generic modes fashioned around regressive oppositions of gender, and not progressive liberations of sexuality.

  13. An Investigation of Feature Models for Music Genre Classification using the Support Vector Classifier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meng, Anders; Shawe-Taylor, John

    2005-01-01

    In music genre classification the decision time is typically of the order of several seconds however most automatic music genre classification systems focus on short time features derived from 10-50ms. This work investigates two models, the multivariate gaussian model and the multivariate...... probability kernel. In order to examine the different methods an 11 genre music setup was utilized. In this setup the Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCC) were used as short time features. The accuracy of the best performing model on this data set was 44% as compared to a human performance of 52...... autoregressive model for modelling short time features. Furthermore, it was investigated how these models can be integrated over a segment of short time features into a kernel such that a support vector machine can be applied. Two kernels with this property were considered, the convolution kernel and product...

  14. Trapped in the genres – a student’s writer development in the subject of Danish

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Piekut, Anke

    2018-01-01

    on the one hand narrative is a resource for writer development and disciplinary knowledge and on the other hand becomes part of the student’s writer identity and identification with an exploratory student position. The empirical data consists of interviews and assignments, collected through the student’s 3......Since the reform of Upper Secondary School in 2005 in Denmark, genre writing has been mandatory in the L1 subject. In the predefined genres, argumentative reasoning, textual analysis and disciplinary knowledge are given high priority, whereas creative or narrative reasoning and writing are not part...... of the curriculum. In this article, the writer development of a student participant will be investigated, focusing on how narrative nonetheless becomes present in his assignments and how he negotiates the predefined genres he is supposed to write in the L1 subject. The main focus of this study is to explore how...

  15. Quantifying genre: an operational definition of tragedy and comedy based on Shakespeare's plays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whissell, Cynthia

    2007-08-01

    Emotion and imagery in the words of Shakespeare's plays, as measured by the Dictionary of Affect in Language, were used to predict genre (tragedy or comedy). Genre distinctions, which were associated with small effect sizes, were established on the basis of 23 plays and then applied to other plays. A discriminant function which combined lower emotional Pleasantness with higher emotional Activation or arousal and more pictorial Imagery successfully (91% of the time) predicted whether a play was a tragedy or a comedy. The genre-discriminating formula provided meaningful categorizations of 23 additional plays. As hypothesized, comedies employed more Pleasant words than tragedies. Tragedies employed more Active words (p comedies rather than tragedies employed words with lower Imagery (greater Abstraction). The predicted elevation of language in tragedy was noted instead in the use of more verse, fewer common words, and fewer personal pronouns (less subjectivity).

  16. Reading Comprehension Course Through a Genre-Oriented Approach at a School in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Rodríguez Sánchez

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports on an action-research study aimed at identifying the problems and needs of a specific group of tenth graders at a school in Colombia in relation to their reading comprehension in English in order to design, partially implement, and evaluate a genre-oriented syllabus. Findings show that the explicit instruction of metacognitive strategies helped students become more efficient readers, as well as the fact that the exposure and analysis of genres developed a better comprehension of different kinds of texts, making these students aware of the structure and patterns of the texts they were reading as they approached them with reading strategies that were appropriate for each genre and stage.

  17. Women, war and cinema, 1939-1945: blitz on gender stereotypes? Femmes, guerre et cinéma au Royaume-Uni de 1939 à 1945 : une remise en question radicale des stéréotypes liés au genre ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth de Cacqueray

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available La Deuxième Guerre mondiale constitue une période clé, au Royaume-Uni, dans l’histoire des femmes et de leur représentation cinématographique. A travers l’analyse de chiffres officiels concernant les femmes et l’emploi pendant la guerre cet article montre à quel point les femmes jouaient un rôle essentiel dans l’« effort de guerre ». Il examine ensuite quelles réponses le cinéma a apporté par rapport à cet appel aux femmes, mettant en avant à l’écran les nouveaux rôles sollicités auprès des femmes mais aussi, parfois, continuant à appuyer des attitudes plus traditionnelles. En analysant une grande variété de films produits pendant la guerre, de genres cinématographiques différents – films de fiction, documentaires, films émanant des forces armées – on est témoin de l’émergence d’un nouveau type d’héroïne cinématographique, l’« héroïne de guerre », innovatrice dans le courage et l’esprit d’initiative dont elle peut faire preuve mais, en fin de compte, respectueuse des frontières des rôles traditionnels associés aux genres masculins et féminin. En conclusion, l’article se demande dans quelle mesure ces rôles cinématographiques innovateurs dans le domaine du genre ont pu se perpétuer dans la période d’après guerre.

  18. Le Conseil des gouverneurs | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Conseil des gouverneurs guide le travail du CRDI en lui fournissant une orientation stratégique, en examinant ses activités et en approuvant ses budgets. Les gouverneurs – un maximum de 14 – sont nommés par le gouverneur en conseil du Canada pour un mandat d'au plus quatre ans, qui peut être reconduit. La Loi ...

  19. Le FIVB annonce le financement de cinq autres projets | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 avr. 2018 ... En partenariat avec la Fondation Bill et Melinda Gates et Affaires mondiales Canada, le CRDI est heureux d'annoncer la prochaine série de projets soutenus par le Fonds d'innovation en matière de vaccins pour le bétail (FIVB). À ce jour, 11 projets ont obtenu un financement total de 13,6 millions de CAD ...

  20. Le nouveau modèle africain | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    22 juil. 2011 ... L'annulation de la dette, un commerce plus équitable, davantage d'aide : voilà le plan d'action mondial dont on convient qu'il faut de toute urgence mettre en oeuvre en vue d'accélérer le développement en Afrique. Or, ce serait rater le bateau que de ne pas s'engager dans la voie tout autre que les ...

  1. Der Terminator und die Femme fatale. Gender im Genre-Kino The Terminator and the Femme Fatale: Gender in Genre Cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rochus Wolff

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Mit Hollywood hybrid legen Claudia Liebrand und Ines Steiner einen äußerst lesenswerten Sammelband vor, in dem aus unterschiedlichen Blickwinkeln Hollywoodfilme der vergangenen Jahre untersucht wurden. Im Zentrum stehen dabei stets die komplexen Wechselwirkungen zwischen Genre und Gender. Von wenigen Schwächen abgesehen, gelingen den Autor/-innen dabei durchweg überzeugende Analysen.Claudia Liesbrand and Ines Steiner’s very worth reading Hollywood hybrid is a collected volume in which Hollywood films of recent years are examined from various angles. Central to the text is the continually complex interaction between genre and gender. With this, the authors enjoy, a few weaknesses aside, ongoing success.

  2. On Automatic Music Genre Recognition by Sparse Representation Classification using Auditory Temporal Modulations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sturm, Bob L.; Noorzad, Pardis

    2012-01-01

    A recent system combining sparse representation classification (SRC) and a perceptually-based acoustic feature (ATM) \\cite{Panagakis2009,Panagakis2009b,Panagakis2010c}, outperforms by a significant margin the state of the art in music genre recognition, e.g., \\cite{Bergstra2006}. With genre so...... to reproduce the results of \\cite{Panagakis2009}. First, we find that classification results are consistent for features extracted from different analyses. Second, we find that SRC accuracy improves when we pose the sparse representation problem with inequality constraints. Finally, we find that only when we...

  3. ATTEMPTS TO FIND ETHOLOGY GENRE IN FAIRY TALE BY IVAN FRANKO “MYKYTA THE FOX”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeriy Syrotenko

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to finding typology signs in the fairy-tale by Іvan Franko that characterize works of ethology genre. Turning to the genre descriptions of this particular work is not accidental, as until now there is no clearly defined genre theory, and it is foremost explained by the fact that literary reviewers understand the nature of genre content differently. Some people see in it nothing but formal displays, and others connect it with different vital realities that attract the writer’s attention. A fully original genre conception is offered by G. Pospelov, and its basis is presented in understanding the genre range of problems such as mythological, national and historical, novel and ethological. The determined typology signs of the ethological are the following: firstly, concentration on the analysis of public environment, finding out what is considered to be a stable state, as well as the display of the dominating conduct norms. Secondly, the characters display peculiar static, inwardly immobile features; they express certain “models” of people’s behaving in different social environments. Therefore the semantic and artistic features of Ivan Franko’s fairy-tale is examined through the prism of the typology of the ethology genre; that allows to specify the understanding of concept “genre”, “literary fairy-tale as a genre”, the value of the work of ethological range of problems at the moment when a literary work is being written and in social and literary periods that follow. Displays of ethological problem range the fairy-tale are manifested in its composition nature, in peculiarities of grouping the characters; that reflects definite conflict orientation of the work and thus display of dominant traits of the main characters at least. The plot structure of the fairy-tale, namely verse, "works" for underlining the ethological range of problems: with his inserted stories Ivan Franko depicts into details the dominant

  4. Is the press release a genre? a study of form and content

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Inger

    2006-01-01

    ; Eggins, 1994). Genre analysts who have studied press releases in particular (e.g. Frandsen et al., 1997; Jcobs, 1999) tend to share this view, but nevertheless categorize communicative events conveyed through the press release as belonging to one genre despite variation in rhetorical objectives...... biotechnological issue. In my analyses I shall discuss staging in terms of content as wll as logico-semantic relations between stages, patterns of stage combinations and their linguistic realizations with the aim of identifying variation in rhetorical objective....

  5. Necessary text genres and themes to act in professional and academic contexts in Biotechonology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Fernandes Lima

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Considering the existing gap in the Brazilian context of researches in the area of specific purpose course planning based on text genres (RAMOS, 2004 and trying to contribute to its development, we present the text genres and themes evaluated as necessary to act in professional and academic contexts of the Biotechnology area. To map these necessities, we applied a questionnaire to students and teachers, in a federal institution, and analyzed the results based on the sociodiscoursive interactionism principles, theory which has Bronckart, Schneuwly and Dolz (MACHADO, 2005 as precursors.

  6. You Tube Video Genres. Amateur how-to Videos Versus Professional Tutorials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Mogoș

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In spite of the fact that there is a vast literature on traditional textual and visual genre classifications, the categorization of web content is still a difficult task, because this medium is fluid, unstable and fast-paced on one hand and, on the other hand, the genre classifications are socially constructed through the tagging process and the interactions (commenting, rating, chatting. This paper focuses on YouTube tutorials and aims to compare video tutorials produced by professionals with amateur video tutorials.

  7. Reading and Writing as Scientists? Text Genres and Literacy Practices in Girls' Middle-Grade Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faller, S. Elisabeth

    2018-01-01

    Science teachers are often charged with providing discipline-specific literacy instruction. However, little is known about the reading and writing genres, or text types, typically found in these classrooms. In particular, there is a lack of knowledge about what opportunities adolescents have to engage with the genres privileged in science to learn…

  8. Computational Linguistic Assessment of Genre Differences Focusing on Text Cohesive Devices of Student Writing: Implications for Library Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xin; Cho, Kwangsu

    2010-01-01

    This study examined two major academic genres of writing: argumentative and technical writing. Three hundred eighty-four undergraduate student-produced texts were parsed and analyzed through a computational tool called Coh-Metrix. The results inform the instructional librarians that students used genre-dependent cohesive devices in a limited way…

  9. Using Genre to Bridge Research, Professional Writing, and Public Writing at University of North Dakota: A Program Profile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basgier, Christopher

    2017-01-01

    To illustrate how genre pedagogy and public writing pedagogy can inform one another, this program profile describes the second-semester composition course at University of North Dakota, ENGL 130: College Composition II: Writing for Public Audiences. In this course, genre works as a rhetorical bridge across an interlinked sequence of research,…

  10. Handedness and "Open-Earedness": Strong Right-Handers Are Less Likely to Prefer Less Popular Musical Genres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christman, Stephen D.

    2013-01-01

    Research shows that strong right-handedness is associated with decreased cognitive flexibility and decreased tendencies to update beliefs, arising from decreased interhemispheric interaction. In the current study, strong right-handedness was associated with decreased overall liking of less popular musical genres (with the specific genres of…

  11. Musical Preference and Music Education: Musical Preferences of Turkish University Students and Their Levels in Genre Identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gürgen, Elif Tekin

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate if there is any relationship between musical preference, genre identification and frequency of listening to music genres, and whether musical training and gender played a role in these factors. A total of 205 college music and non-music majors recorded their preference for 13 music excerpts in popular,…

  12. Quand le lait devient enjeu social : le cas de la société peule dans le Séno (Burkina Faso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madina Querre

    2003-09-01

    rendement de lait implique nécessairement une référence à sa productrice : la vache. Ici déjà, la question de genre est introduite. L’entretien du troupeau est la fonction de l’homme, tandis que l’exploitation du lait revient à la femme. Or cette fonction d’exploitation du lait assoit dans le même temps une liberté économique de la femme qui en est la propriétaire. Enfin cet article montre le pouvoir symbolique et social donné à la femme, affirmé par le lait maternel. Celui-ci est le vecteur des plus grandes qualités nécessaires à un « bon peul », mais peut aussi devenir la voie de transmission de pouvoirs maléfiques. Maîtresse du pouvoir lacté, la femme en hérite d’un statut particulier propre à la société peule.When milk becomes a social issue: the FulBe case in Burkina FasoThe question of breastfeeding as a factor of HIV transmission is a reason for interest in milk as a subject of research. Mother-child transmission of HIV is an important public health issue in the South. The successful implementation of preventive programmes requires different approaches, such as those of the social sciences. The perceptions which valorize breastfeeding are deeply rooted in the majority of ‘traditional’ societies, and these perceptions valorize in turn local perceptions of milk. In effect, in FulBe society, milk has a value which goes beyond the simple question of breastfeeding, being present at the very heart of the socio-economic structure. It is this aspect which constitutes the focus of this article.The FulBe’s word of milk also means ‘that which is the best’. Milk and its producers, cows, are the fundament of local socio-economic organization. Men are in charge of the care of the herd while women are concerned with the exploitation of milk. In this particular ethnographic case, milk provides women with the possibility of economic and social emancipation, because milk becomes the property of women as soon as they are married and they

  13. Le regard anachronique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Paul Aubert

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet article a pour objet l’anachronisme dans le film historique. Il s’appuie sur l’étude du long métrage Goya à Bordeaux, réalisé en 1999 par le cinéaste espagnol Carlos Saura. Cette biographie filmée du peintre Francisco de Goya fait mieux que composer avec l’anachronisme inhérent à toute reconstitution historique. Il l’assume et le revendique. La mise en cause de la chronologie et l’effacement de l’Histoire prennent sens dans la perspective d’une réflexion originale sur l’Histoire de l’art conçue comme un dialogue entre les œuvres et entre les époques.Este artículo está dedicado al problema del anacronismo en las películas históricas. Se basa en el estudio de Goya en Burdeos, un largo metraje rodado en 1999 por el director de cine español Carlos Saura. Esta biografía de Goya no sólo se acomoda con el anacronismo propio de la reconstitución histórica sino que lo asume y lo reivindica. El cuestionamiento de la cronología y el desinterés por la Historia cobran un nuevo sentido en el marco de una reflexión original sobre la Historia del arte concebida como un diálogo entre las obras y entre las épocas.

  14. La piraterie sur le web

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Les échanges de toutes sortes sont facilités à l'extrême par le web: des forums, des vidéoconférences, le commerce à distance, ou tout simplement la célérité des courriers électroniques ou la convivialité des chats, tout cela participe de la société de communication. Une certaine partie du monde découvre le nouvel horizon des échanges quasi instantanés, mais... les transactions sur le web sont-elles vraiment s res?

  15. The impact of marketization on higher education genres - the international student prospectus as a case in point

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Askehave, Inger

    2007-01-01

    This paper is a contribution to the existing debate about the marketization of higher education and offers a detailed study of the way the practises of marketization manifest themselves at the level of discourse in higher education. Taking its point of departure in Critical Discourse Analysis...... and using a text-driven procedure for genre analysis, the paper describes and analyses the international student prospectus as an instance of a highly promotional genre which clearly reflects the values and forces of the free market. The paper contains two analyses. The first analysis compares four...... instances of the international student prospectus genre from Finland, Scotland, Australia and Japan and tries to establish genre membership and genre characteristics by considering the overall text structure, and by looking for similarities in content and ‘rhetorical moves'. The second analysis is an in...

  16. Le commerce du Nord

    OpenAIRE

    Pourchasse, Pierrick; Bouëdec, Gérard Le

    2015-01-01

    Au XVIIIe siècle, la France s'approvisionne abondamment dans les pays du Nord : bois, chanvre et goudron de la Baltique, tonnellerie de Poméranie, pêche de rogue de Norvège, graines de lin de Courlande, barres de fer suédois… Sa balance commerciale est pourtant positive grâce aux sels, aux vins et surtout des nouvelles marchandises coloniales. Or, la plupart des transactions passent par l’incontournable intermédiaire hollandais. Les explications sur l’absence des Français dans le Nord sont re...

  17. Le survivant sans le syndrome Schreber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Figuier

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available On a pensé la catastrophe, mais a-t-on suffisamment pensé la survivance et la figure du survivant ? Ce n'est pas un hasard si celle-ci est au centre de Masse et puissance, oeuvre dans laquelle Canetti interroge la « mauvaise » survivance responsable de la poursuite de la logique de guerre. Mais où trouver la « bonne » ? Revenir de la catastrophe ne suffit pas pour être un « survivant authentique », selon l'expression de Kafka. Il faut avoir dépassé, avec Primo Levi et Robert Antelme, l'opposition de la vie comme croissance continue et de la mort comme son horrible contraire, par le don, dans la pauvreté solidaire, de cette vie retrouvée.Hemos reflexionado acerca de la catástrofe, pero ¿hemos meditado lo suficiente sobre la supervivencia y el superviviente? No es una coincidencia si el superviviente es el tema principal de Masse et puissance, obra en la cual Canetti analiza la «mala» supervivencia responsable de la persistencia de la lógica de guerra ¿Dónde sin embargo podemos encontrar la «buena» supervivencia? Superar la catástrofe no es suficiente para ser un «auténtico superviviente», según Kafka. Es fundamental ir más allá, con Primo Levi y Robert Antelme, de la oposición entre la vida, como crecimiento continuo, y la muerte, como su espantoso contrario, mediante la donación de forma solidaria de esta vida reencontrada.Disaster is the theme of many studies, but what about survival and of the figure of the survivor? This issue is central in Mass and power, work in which Canetti questions the “bad” survival, responsible for the continuation of the logic of war. But is there any “good” survival? Coming back from the catastrophe is not enough to be an “authentic survivor”, according to Kafka’s expression. To achieve this, it is necessary to have exceeded, with PrimoLevi and Robert Antelme, the opposition of life as a continuous growth and of death as its horrible opposite, by the gift, in a

  18. Le Conseil des gouverneurs | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 nov. 2010 ... La gouvernance du CRDI. Reddition de comptes, transparence et efficacité. Au cours de l'exercice 2009–2010, le Conseil des gouverneurs du CRDI a adopté un nouveau cadre stratégique quinquennal, Le développement par l'innovation. Pendant de nombreux mois, les gouverneurs et les membres de la ...

  19. L’addiction au pluriel : le cas des pratiquants de bodybuilding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillaume Vallet

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Cet article s’interroge sur les addictions dans le bodybuilding. A partir de données qualitatives recueillies auprès de 30 bodybuilders masculins et d’une analyse de 27 magazines spécialisés, nous mettons en évidence que les pratiquants les plus engagés ont de fortes probabilités d’expérimenter trois types d’addictions : addictions liées au surentraînement, addictions liées au mode de vie consommatoire, addictions liées au mode de vie identitaire. Ces addictions se construisant dans le temps dans le cadre d’un processus, nous interprétons celles-ci à partir du concept sociologique de « carrière », ce qui nous permet de construire une pyramide de l’engagement et des addictions dans le bodybuilding, reliée notamment à la problématique du genre.

  20. L’essai littéraire, devant le temps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marielle Macé

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Le style de vérité accessible à l’essai est perceptible dans son mode de circulation, les souvenirs que l’on en garde, la façon dont on le résume, bref, l’usage que l’on en fait. Ce mémorable de l’essai tient à une pratique généralisée de la citation ; les essayistes partent de formes « citables », comme d’autant de pensées héritées et de savoirs doxaux ou paradoxaux qu’ils exploitent, développent ou fragilisent ; et ils en produisent à leur tour, offrant non pas des modèles applicables mais des cas remobilisables, des pensées désormais disponibles. Cette disponibilité identifie une pratique intellectuelle, les objets qu’elle fait naître (cette forme sensible que prennent dans un essai les opérations de l’esprit, un rythme propre à toute individualité pensante, bref une façon qu’a la prose d’idées de se situer devant le temps. Elle explique aussi la colère suscitée dans le monde du savoir contemporain par un genre profondément temporel, c’est-à-dire rythmé, situé, mais aussi précaire et soupçonnable à cet égard d’anachronisme.Lo stile di verità accessibile al saggio è percettibile nel modo in cui il testo circola, nei ricordi che ne abbiamo, nella maniera in cui ne facciamo riassunto, cioè nell’uso che possiamo averne. Questo aspetto “memorabile” del saggio è legato ad una prattica generalizzata della citazione. I saggisti partono di forme “citabili”, pensieri ereditati, saperi comuni o paradossali che loro mettono a prova, sviluppano, o fragilizzano; e ne producono a sua volta, non per offrire modelli da applicare, ma casi da mobilizzare, pensieri ormai disponibili. Questà disponibilità definisce una pratica intellettuale, gli oggetti che essa fa nascere (questa forma sensibile che prendono nel saggio le operazioni mentali, un ritmo legato ad ogni individualità nell’atto di pensare, un modo di porsi davanti al tempo. Spiega anche l’irritazione suscitata nel

  1. Le Dominique Interactif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérie Ouellette

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente le Dominique Interactif, une bande dessinée interactive et multimédia unique, servant à évaluer sept troubles de la santé mentale chez les jeunes. La version pour les six à onze ans est adaptée aux limites cognitives des enfants et comporte plusieurs avantages. Malgré quelques limites, cet instrument permet d’obtenir des informations fiables de la part de l’enfant sur sa santé mentale. La fidélité et la validité de cet outil sont meilleures que celles des autres instruments traditionnels servant à mesurer la santé mentale des enfants. En combinant les résultats de ce questionnaire avec les informations des parents, professionnels et enseignants, le Dominique Interactif permet aussi d’effectuer une évaluation complète de la santé mentale de l’enfant. Enfin, son utilisation simple et rapide facilite l’évaluation clinique des enfants par les professionnels, permet l’évaluation de programmes d’intervention et favorise l’intervention précoce (Valla et al., 2000.

  2. Le principe roman

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrari, Jérôme

    2015-01-01

    Fasciné par la figure du physicien allemand Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976), fondateur de la mécanique quantique, inventeur du célèbre "principe d'incertitude" et Prix Nobel de physique en 1932, un jeune aspirant-philosophe désenchanté s'efforce, à l'aube du XXIe siècle, de considérer l'incomplétude de sa propre existence à l'aune des travaux et de la destinée de cet exceptionnel homme de sciences qui incarne pour lui la rencontre du langage scientifique et de la poésie, lesquels, chacun à leur manière, en ouvrant la voie au scandale de l'inédit, dessillent les yeux sur le monde pour en révéler la mystérieuse beauté que ne cessent de confisquer le matérialisme à l'œuvre dans l'Histoire des hommes.

  3. 103 Oil Politics and Niger Delta Ethnic Nationalism Film Genre in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2017-12-30

    Dec 30, 2017 ... And all these have been used as raw materials for film production by Nigeria's .... manifold, and the state oil company Escravos-Lagos gas pipeline in. Chanom ...... film industry: A study of selected emergent genres. Ph.D.

  4. Textual, Genre and Social Features of Spoken Grammar: A Corpus-Based Approach

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    Carmen Pérez-Llantada

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a corpus-based approach to teaching and learning spoken grammar for English for Academic Purposes with reference to Bhatia’s (2002 multi-perspective model for discourse analysis: a textual perspective, a genre perspective and a social perspective. From a textual perspective, corpus-informed instruction helps students identify grammar items through statistical frequencies, collocational patterns, context-sensitive meanings and discoursal uses of words. From a genre perspective, corpus observation provides students with exposure to recurrent lexico-grammatical patterns across different academic text types (genres. From a social perspective, corpus models can be used to raise learners’ awareness of how speakers’ different discourse roles, discourse privileges and power statuses are enacted in their grammar choices. The paper describes corpus-based instructional procedures, gives samples of learners’ linguistic output, and provides comments on the students’ response to this method of instruction. Data resulting from the assessment process and student production suggest that corpus-informed instruction grounded in Bhatia’s multi-perspective model can constitute a pedagogical approach in order to i obtain positive student responses from input and authentic samples of grammar use, ii help students identify and understand the textual, genre and social aspects of grammar in real contexts of use, and therefore iii help develop students’ ability to use grammar accurately and appropriately.

  5. A Genre-Based Investigation of Discussion Sections of Research Articles in Dentistry and Disciplinary Variation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basturkmen, Helen

    2012-01-01

    Outwardly the rhetorical organisation of sections of research reports in different disciplines can appear similar. Close examination, however, may reveal subtle differences. Numerous studies have drawn on the genre-based approach developed by Swales (1990, 2004) to investigate the schematic structure of sections of articles in a range of…

  6. Linking Technology to Genre-Based Reading (Technology Links to Literacy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wepner, Shelley B.

    1991-01-01

    Introduces a new column written for the one-computer classroom and offers several perspectives for connecting software applications to trade book reading. Describes eight software packages for extending and enhancing students' reading of different genres: fairy tales, realistic fiction, science fiction, and biography and historical fiction in…

  7. Exploring Young Children's Response to Three Genres of Literature in Small-Peer Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Jennifer Adams

    2010-01-01

    This teacher research studied second graders' small-group, peer-led discussions about three genres of literature--realistic fiction, biography picture books, and science information books--across one school year (during three units in the fall, winter, and spring). It set out to explore how this peer talk, in general, mediated children's responses…

  8. Het poëtisch accent. Drie literaire genres in zeventiende-eeuwse Nederlandse pamfletten

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    Vrieler, J.A.

    2007-01-01

    'The poetic accent. Three literary genres in seventeenth-century Dutch pamphlets' focuses on the way the conviction works, by studying pamphlets containing sonnets, songs and echo-poetry. I distinguish between structural and affective functions of poetry. Within the composition of a pamphlet, poetry

  9. Harry Potter (II): Intertekstualiteit en literêre genres in die reeks ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article explores the intrinsic criteria that are applied to discover the literary value of the Harry Potter texts. The aim of the article is to equip educators of Afrikaans in the intermediate and senior school phases with background knowledge by providing an overview of discussions and commentaries on the literary genres in ...

  10. Narrative Skills and Genre Knowledge: Ways of Telling in the Primary School Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, Deborah

    1990-01-01

    Primary school children, after viewing a silent film, were asked to narrate a segment of the film and recount its events both as a news story and as an embellished story. The results indicate that primary school children have only nascent ability to apply genre knowledge to school language tasks. (55 references) (Author/JL)

  11. Dissertation Genre Change as a Result of Electronic Theses and Dissertation Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pantelides, Kate

    2015-01-01

    The increasing prevalence of mandatory Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs) policies has ushered in rather dramatic dissertation genre change. The affordances of the medium offer expanded access and audience, availability of new compositional tools, and alternate formats, the implications of which are just beginning to appear in…

  12. Cultural Variations across Academic Genres: A Generic Analysis of Intertextuality in Master's Theses Introductions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ketabi, Saeed; Rahavard, Shaahin

    2013-01-01

    Genre analysis of texts has always been significant. The current study aimed at investigating intertextuality considering cultural variations and differences in students' discourse communities. Social studies, philosophy, and biology were chosen as the representatives of social sciences, humanities and sciences. Tehran University, one of the most…

  13. Mothers' Complex Talk When Sharing Books with Their Toddlers: Book Genre Matters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyhout, Angela; O'Neill, Daniela K.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the influence of book genre (narrative or didactic) on mothers' language use during a book sharing interaction with their 18- to 25-month-olds. Mother-child dyads were videotaped sharing both a narrative and a didactic book, adapted from two commercially available books, and matched in terms of length, quantity of text, and…

  14. What Produces Television Attention and Attention Style? Genre, Situation, and Individual Differences as Predictors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Robert P.; Pingree, Suzanne; Hitchon, Jacqueline; Radler, Barry; Gorham, Bradley W.; Kahlor, Leeann; Gilligan, Eileen; Serlin, Ronald C.; Schmidt, Toni; Kannaovakun, Prathana; Kolbeins, Gudbjorg Hildur

    2005-01-01

    Individual looks at television vary enormously in length, and this has previously indicated differences in ongoing cognitive processes. Furthermore, the relative frequency of looks of different lengths may indicate styles of attention to television. This article compares visual attention of 152 subjects across a variety of genres and examines…

  15. Augmenting matrix factorization technique with the combination of tags and genres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Tinghuai; Suo, Xiafei; Zhou, Jinjuan; Tang, Meili; Guan, Donghai; Tian, Yuan; Al-Dhelaan, Abdullah; Al-Rodhaan, Mznah

    2016-11-01

    Recommender systems play an important role in our daily life and are becoming popular tools for users to find what they are really interested in. Matrix factorization methods, which are popular recommendation methods, have gained high attention these years. With the rapid growth of the Internet, lots of information has been created, like social network information, tags and so on. Along with these, a few matrix factorization approaches have been proposed which incorporate the personalized information of users or items. However, except for ratings, most of the matrix factorization models have utilized only one kind of information to understand users' interests. Considering the sparsity of information, in this paper, we try to investigate the combination of different information, like tags and genres, to reveal users' interests accurately. With regard to the generalization of genres, a constraint is added when genres are utilized to find users' similar ;soulmates;. In addition, item regularizer is also considered based on latent semantic indexing (LSI) method with the item tags. Our experiments are conducted on two real datasets: Movielens dataset and Douban dataset. The experimental results demonstrate that the combination of tags and genres is really helpful to reveal users' interests.

  16. Genres, user attitudes and prospects for learning through video on the WWW

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kommers, Piet A.M.; Okamoto, T; Hartley, R.; Kinshuk, T.; Klus, J.P.

    2001-01-01

    Building upon the notion that TV and video programmes will soon be accessible via the World Wide Web, there is the question of if and how it can bring added value for education. How will these two genres (working on the Internet vs. relaxing on the sofa) go together? From a post-modern point of

  17. Teaching toward the Telos of Critical Thinking: Genre in Business Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Rebecca

    2017-01-01

    The implementation of genre theory in the business communication classroom could lead to the cultivation of critical thinking skills in students. The lack of a common definition of critical thinking skills across academia and the workplace creates a difficult end goal to pursue; therefore, teachers should consider explicitly teaching to the…

  18. The logic of crime fiction genre in modern person’s consciousness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. O. Krapivnyk

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The author provides philosophical anthropological analysis of the logic of the crime fiction genre in the modern person’s consciousness. It was shown that detective texts convey hyper-orderliness, which compensates for the lack of systematization in real life, directly influences the recipient, setting the limits of personal freedom, and indirectly structures social order. The research assumes that classical crime fiction is related to the positivist philosophy, rationalism and scientific thinking, whereas the formula of the late Modern crime fiction stories is gradually getting more sophisticated, which reflects the evolution of the philosophical thinking on the whole. The special feature of the crime fiction genre logic is in the fact that available in crime fiction texts typical formal logical elements of a hypothesis, versions, evidence and contradiction are combined by the addressers with creative inspiration, intuition, true life, which are not the characteristics of pure science. The logic in the texts of the crime fiction genre helps a modern person to virtually build a system of universal philosophical and cultural values, applied by the society as its basis for social norms, rules and laws of any modern state. In addition, the specific logic of investigation encourages person’s everyday activities, since cultural reading enables a person not only to perceive but also to transfer and use the laws of logic, inherent in the crime fiction genre, in their professional activities, including research work.

  19. The Process Genre Writing Approach; An Alternative Option for the Modern Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tudor, Emma

    2017-01-01

    "Writing involves knowledge about the language, the context in which writing happens and skills in using language. Writing development happens by drawing out the learners' potential and providing input to which learners respond" (Badger & White, 2000.) Taking this in to account, the Process Genre Approach in writing classes can be…

  20. Reviewing Personality Compliance Level of Trainee Music Teachers in Terms of Music Genres, and Some Variables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pirgon, Yuksel

    2014-01-01

    In this study, personality compliance levels are examined according to tonality and tempo variables, which are acquired in consequence of analysis of music genres and pieces to which fine arts faculty, trainee music teachers mostly listen. A total of 31 students participated in the study. Data acquired from Hacettepe Personality Inventory (HPI)…