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Sample records for pengukuran sel ssurya

  1. ANALISIS CITRA GINJAL UNTUK IDENTIFIKASI SEL PIKNOSIS DAN SEL NEKROSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajeng Silvia Puji Lestari, Agus Mulyono

    2012-03-01

    Nilai threshold yang didapatkan dari penelitian ini yaitu 0.66, 0.67, 0.68. Nilai yang paling tepat untuk mencirikan sel piknosis dan nekrosis adalah nilai threshold 0.67, selanjutnya citra hasil threshold ditest dengan aplikasi penghitungan sel dan mendapatkan hasil yang cukup memuaskan yaitu dengan nilai KR (Kesalahan Relatif masing-masing sel (sel piknosis dan sel nekrosis adalah 8.5% dan 9%.

  2. PENGUKURAN KINERJA UMKM MENGGUNAKAN PERFORMANCE PRISM

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    Cynthia Agelina Purnomo

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available UMKM XYZ merupakan perusahaan yang bergerak di bidang pengolahan keripik buah nangka. Pada proses observasi langsung di lapangan, perusahaan mempunyai masalah dalam melakukan pengukuran kinerja. Pengukuran kinerja yang dilakukan hanya berdasarkan Net Profit Margin (rasio laba bersih dibandingkan dengan pendapatan tiap tahunnya. Pengukuran yang dilakukan oleh perusahaan tidak cukup representatif menilai kinerja perusahaan secara keseluruhan. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan alat ukur kinerja yang tepat dan fleksibel, yaitu dengan metode Performance Prism. Proses penentuan Key Performance Indicator (KPI kinerja berdasarkan persetujuan dari pihak manajer perusahaan. Dengan periode dasar (tahun 2015 didapatkan hasil bahwa terdapat 25 Key Performance Indicator yang terdiri dari: 2 KPI Investor, 8 KPI Konsumen, 4 KPI Suplier, 6 KPI Karyawan, dan 5 KPI Masyarakat Sekitar dengan nilai total kinerja keseluruhan sebagai pembanding dengan periode pengukuran adalah 2,232 (kategori cukup sehingga perlu ditingkatkan lagi pada periode selanjutnya berdasarkan saran-saran pada periode dasar.

  3. KOMPARASI BEBERAPA METODE ESTIMASI KESALAHAN PENGUKURAN

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    Catharina Sri Wahyu Widayati

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan besarnya estimasi kesalahan pengukuran perangkat soal Ujicoba Ujian Nasional mata pelajaran Biologi SMA. Analisis data dalam penelitian ini didasarkan pada respons siswa peserta tes ujicoba di kabupaten Bantul tahun pelajaran 2007/2008. Sumber data berupa lembar jawaban siswa yang diambil dengan teknik stratified proportional random sampling sebanyak 842 respons siswa dari 9 SMA negeri. Metode estimasi kesalahan pengukuran yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah 1 metode Thorndike, 2 metode Polynomial, 3 pendekatan Binomial Lord dengan modifikasi Keats, 4 pendekatan compound Binomial, 5 metode analisis varians, dan 6 metode teori respons butir. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa besarnya estimasi kesalahan pengukuran perangkat soal tes ujicoba ujian nasional mata pelajaran biologi SMA tahun pelajaran 2007/2008 dengan menggunakan metode Thorndike, Polynomial, Binomial dengan modifikasi Keats, Compound Binomial, Analisis Varians, dan teori respons butir berturut-turut sebagai berikut: 2,96, 2,99, 2,87, 2,87, 2,83, dan 2,81, sedangkan hasil perhitungan root mean square error (RMSE untuk masing-masing metode berturut-turut sebagai berikut: 0,02869, 0,02904, 0,02891, 0,02873, 0,02854, dan 0,02848. Harga RMSE terkecil diperoleh dengan metode teori respons butir, sehingga metode ini merupakan metode yang paling tepat. Kata kunci: metode estimasi kesalahan pengukuran

  4. PENGEMBANGAN BUKU AJAR BIOLOGI SEL

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    Ritia Rahmawati

    2016-09-01

    Matakuliah Biologi Sel merupakan salah satu matakuliah wajib yang ditempuh oleh mahasiswa tingkat S1 Pendidikan Biologi Universitas Negeri Malang Referensi yang digunakan dalam pembelajaran matakuliah Biologi Sel belum ada referensi yang berbasis penelitian virtual screening dengan bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa pengantar. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu pengembangan buku ajar biologi sel berbasis penelitian bioinformatika. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode pengembangan Dick and Carey (2009. Hasil penelitian ini yaitu produk berupa buku ajar yang berbasis penelitian virtual screening yang telah dilakukan validasi ahli (ahli materi dan ahli media pembelajaran dengan nilai 80% dan pengguna buku dengan nilai 89%.

  5. RANCANG BANGUN MODEL PENGUKURAN KINERJA PABRIK GULA

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    Triwulandari S. Dewayana

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian yang berhubungan dengan upaya perbaikan kinerja pabrik gula (sebagai proses yang digunakan secara sistematis untuk memperbaiki kinerja secara berkesinambungan belum pernah dilakukan. Terkait dengan pengukuran kinerja pabrik gula, pada penelitian terdahulu menunjukkan adanya keterbatasan karena hanya dilakukan dengan menggunakan range ukuran kinerja yang terbatas dan tidak memperhatikan keterkaitannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan model pengukuran kinerja pabrik gula (sebagai sub model dari model perbaikan kinerja  yang digunakan untuk mengukur kinerja pabrik gula (skala kecil, menengah dan besar dengan meningkatkan range ukuran kinerja (efisiensi dan produktivitas dan memperhatikan keterkaitannya. Tahapan yang dilakukan  yaitu 1 identifikasi terhadap ukuran kinerja, 2 merancang proses pengukuran, dan 3 menentukan infrastruktur teknis. Terdapat 10 ukuran kinerja yang digunakan. Cara pengukurannya menggunakan pendekatan Fuzzy Expert System. Infrastruktur teknis yang digunakan yaitu MATLAB (versi 7.01.Verifikasi dan validasi  model dilakukan dengan uji coba model pada 11 pabrik gula menggunakan data kinerja tahun 2008. Hasil pengukuran kinerja menunjukkan bahwa 1 rerata kinerja strategis untuk skala pabrik menengah dan kecil adalah rendah sedangkan untuk skala besar adalah tinggi; 2 rerata kinerja operasional pada semua skala pabrik gula adalah rendah; 3 rerata kinerja taktis pada skala menengah dan kecil adalah sedang, dan untuk skala besar adalah tinggi. Kata kunci : Fuzzy Expert System, pabrik gula, pengukuran kinerja, ukuran kinerja      Research related to improvement of the performance of the sugar factory (as the process used systematically to improve performance on an ongoing basis has not been done. Related to performance measurement of sugar mills, in previous studies showed limitations because it only be done using a limited range of performance measures and do not pay attention to their relation. This

  6. Implementasi Automatic Packet Reporting System (APRS) Untuk Paket Data Pemantauan dan PengukuranUntuk Paket Data Pemantauan dan Pengukuran

    OpenAIRE

    Arief Goeritno

    2016-01-01

    Telah dilakukan implementasi Automatic Packet Reporting System (APRS) untuk paket data pemantauan dan pengukuran melalui tujuan penelitian, berupa: a) penyetelan program aplikasi pada jaringan APRS dan b) pengukuran terhadap penerimaan data berdasarkan kinerja sensor-sensor. Penyetelan program aplikasi APRS merupakan konfigurasi perangkat lunak untuk APRS yang akan digunakan pada stasiun penerimaan data APRS dengan program aplikasi yang biasa digunakan, yaitu hyperterminal dan UI-View 32. Pen...

  7. SEL's Software Process-Improvement Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basili, Victor; Zelkowitz, Marvin; McGarry, Frank; Page, Jerry; Waligora, Sharon; Pajerski, Rose

    1995-01-01

    The goals and operations of the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) is reviewed. For nearly 20 years the SEL has worked to understand, assess, and improve software and the development process within the production environment of the Flight Dynamics Division (FDD) of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. The SEL was established in 1976 with the goals of reducing: (1) the defect rate of delivered software, (2) the cost of software to support flight projects, and (3) the average time to produce mission-support software. After studying over 125 projects of FDD, the results have guided the standards, management practices, technologies, and the training within the division. The results of the studies have been a 75 percent reduction in defects, a 50 percent reduction in cost, and a 25 percent reduction in development time. Over time the goals of SEL have been clarified. The goals are now stated as: (1) Understand baseline processes and product characteristics, (2) Assess improvements that have been incorporated into the development projects, (3) Package and infuse improvements into the standard SEL process. The SEL improvement goal is to demonstrate continual improvement of the software process by carrying out analysis, measurement and feedback to projects with in the FDD environment. The SEL supports the understanding of the process by study of several processes including, the effort distribution, and error detection rates. The SEL assesses and refines the processes. Once the assessment and refinement of a process is completed, the SEL packages the process by capturing the process in standards, tools and training.

  8. PENGUKURAN BEBAN KERJA MENTAL DALAM SEARCHING TASK DENGAN METODE RATING SCALE MENTAL EFFORT (RSME)

    OpenAIRE

    Ari Widyanti; Addie Johnson; Dick de Waard

    2012-01-01

    Metode pengukuran beban kerja mental meliputi metode obyektif dan subyektif. Metode pengukuran beban kerja mental secara subyektif yang banyak diaplikasikan di Indonesia adalah Subjective Workload Assessment Technique (SWAT) dan NASA TLX (NASA Task Load Index). SWAT dan NASA TLX adalah pengukuran subyektif yang bersifat multidimensional (multidimensional scaling) yang relatif membutuhkan waktu dalam aplikasinya. Sebagai alternatif SWAT dan NASA TLX, Rating Scale Mental Effort (...

  9. METODE DATA MINING UNTUK KLASIFIKASI DATA SEL NUKLEUS DAN SEL RADANG BERDASARKAN ANALISA TEKSTUR

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    Toni Arifin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT - The Pap Smear test is done to see the presence of infection or changes in cells that can turn into cancer cells. In this research is using data on analysis results of texture image processing on previous research that is using a nucleus cell and inflammation cell in the image Pap Smear cell. The purpose of this research is to find the best method for classifying the nucleus cell and inflammation cell based on texture analysis GLCM (Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix in this research used of method Decision tree (C 4.5, Naive Bayes and k-Nearest Neighbour. The results of this research brings about the best methods for classification of the data nucleus cell and inflammation cell that is a method of Decision tree (C4.5 with accuracy 97,56% whereas results for Naive Bayes 90,89% and k-Nearest Neighbour 95,97%. Keywords: Data mining, classification, Pap Smear cell, Texture Analysis ABSTRAKSI - Tes Pap Smear dilakukan untuk melihat adanya infeksi atau perubahan sel-sel yang dapat berubah menjadi sel kanker. Pada penelitian ini menggunakan data analisis tekstur yang didapatkan dari hasil pengolahan citra pada penelitian sebelumnya yaitu menggunakan sel nukleus dan sel radang pada citra sel Pap Smear. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mencari metode terbaik untuk mengklasifikasikan sel nukleus dan sel radang berdasarkan analisa teksur GLCM (Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode Decision tree (C4.5, Naive Bayes dan k-Nearest Neighbour. Hasil dari penelitian ini didapatkan metode terbaik untuk klasifikasi data sel nukleus dan sel radang yaitu metode Decision tree (C4.5 dengan akurasi 97,56% sedangkan hasil untuk Naive Bayes 90,89% dan k-Nearest Neighbour 95,97%. Kata Kunci: Data mining, Klasifikasi, Sel Pap Smear, Analisa Tekstur

  10. Data collection procedures for the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heller, Gerard; Valett, Jon; Wild, Mary

    1992-01-01

    This document is a guidebook to collecting software engineering data on software development and maintenance efforts, as practiced in the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL). It supersedes the document entitled Data Collection Procedures for the Rehosted SEL Database, number SEL-87-008 in the SEL series, which was published in October 1987. It presents procedures to be followed on software development and maintenance projects in the Flight Dynamics Division (FDD) of Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) for collecting data in support of SEL software engineering research activities. These procedures include detailed instructions for the completion and submission of SEL data collection forms.

  11. Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) cleanroom process model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Scott; Basili, Victor; Godfrey, Sally; Mcgarry, Frank; Pajerski, Rose; Waligora, Sharon

    1991-01-01

    The Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) cleanroom process model is described. The term 'cleanroom' originates in the integrated circuit (IC) production process, where IC's are assembled in dust free 'clean rooms' to prevent the destructive effects of dust. When applying the clean room methodology to the development of software systems, the primary focus is on software defect prevention rather than defect removal. The model is based on data and analysis from previous cleanroom efforts within the SEL and is tailored to serve as a guideline in applying the methodology to future production software efforts. The phases that are part of the process model life cycle from the delivery of requirements to the start of acceptance testing are described. For each defined phase, a set of specific activities is discussed, and the appropriate data flow is described. Pertinent managerial issues, key similarities and differences between the SEL's cleanroom process model and the standard development approach used on SEL projects, and significant lessons learned from prior cleanroom projects are presented. It is intended that the process model described here will be further tailored as additional SEL cleanroom projects are analyzed.

  12. Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) database organization and user's guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    So, Maria; Heller, Gerard; Steinberg, Sandra; Spiegel, Douglas

    1989-01-01

    The organization of the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) database is presented. Included are definitions and detailed descriptions of the database tables and views, the SEL data, and system support data. The mapping from the SEL and system support data to the base tables is described. In addition, techniques for accessing the database, through the Database Access Manager for the SEL (DAMSEL) system and via the ORACLE structured query language (SQL), are discussed.

  13. Implementasi Automatic Packet Reporting System (APRS Untuk Paket Data Pemantauan dan PengukuranUntuk Paket Data Pemantauan dan Pengukuran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arief Goeritno

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan implementasi Automatic Packet Reporting System (APRS untuk paket data pemantauan dan pengukuran melalui tujuan penelitian, berupa: a penyetelan program aplikasi pada jaringan APRS dan b pengukuran terhadap penerimaan data berdasarkan kinerja sensor-sensor. Penyetelan program aplikasi APRS merupakan konfigurasi perangkat lunak untuk APRS yang akan digunakan pada stasiun penerimaan data APRS dengan program aplikasi yang biasa digunakan, yaitu hyperterminal dan UI-View 32. Pengukuran penerimaan data berdasarkan kinerja sensor yang dilakukan melalui proses perekaman pada stasiun penerimaan data APRS. Kinerja sensor-sensor akan diamati pada stasiun pengiriman dan data hasil pengamatan akan dapat diterima pada stasiun penerimaan secara real time. Program aplikasi berbasis hyperterminal dan UI View 32 telah berhasil melakukan proses handshaking antara Terminal Node Controller (TNC dan komputer, sehingga data telemetri dari stasiun pengiriman paket data dapat diterima di stasiun penerimaan. Data telemetri dapat diamati pada stasiun penerimaan dan dapat diperoleh secara real time dengan format: YB0LRB-11>BEACON,WIDE2-1 [05/18/2014 04:03:49]: : T#010,008,093,004,122,075. Notifikasi YB0LRB-11 merupakan stasiun pengiriman paket data telemetri, kemudian data tersebut akan diterima pada stasiun penerima YD1PRY dengan format: YD1PRY-2>APLPN,ARISS [05/18/2014 04:03:07]: : !06.30.37S/106.48.26E#. Notifikasi tersebut merupakan pengiriman informasi data posisi oleh stasiun YD1PRY untuk inisialisasi pada jaringan APRS. Stasiun YB0LRB-11 ketika mengirim paket data telemetri dengan format: YB0LRB-11>BEACON,WIDE2-1 [05/18/2014 04:00:49]: : T#001,004,035,005,122,075. Paket data dari stasiun YB0LRB yang dipancar ulang atau digipeater dengan format: YB0LRB-11>BEACON,YD1PRY-2,WIDE2* [05/18/2014 04:00:50]: : T#001,004,035,005,122,075. Sensor pengukuran berkinerja relatif stabil, walaupun terdapat nilai simpangan pengukuran sebesar 1 cm atau

  14. "seisatan sel minemise rajal..." : [luuletused] / Hanna Kangro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangro, Hanna

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: "seisatan sel minemise rajal..." ; "mingis hääletus sisemuses..." ; "murdumisnurk terav..." ; "Vasaku käe veen on veel vaba" ; "jaapanlased teevad ületunde..." ; "kuulsin praginat..." ; "kütan kolme ahju..." ; "tühi hääbunud õhtune pühapäev..." ; "ootasin tulemist..."

  15. ANALISIS PENGUKURAN PRODUKTIVITAS PADA CV. CITRA JEPARA FURNITURE

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    Darminto Pujotomo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available CV. Citra Jepara adalah perusahaan furnitur ekspor. Pada masa itu, perusahaan hanya melihat level keuntungan untuk mengkaji perusahaan telah berjalan lebih baik atau kebalikannya. Hasil persepsi membuat perusahaan hanya sedikit memperhatikan efisiensi pemakaian sumber daya yang dimiliki (input sehingga perusahaan membutuhkan biaya besar untuk melakukan aktivitas perusahaan.Penelitian ini mempelajari evaluasi produktivitas perusahaan dan pengukuran serta hubungan antara level produktivitas dengan level profitabilitas (kemampuan perusahaan untuk menciptakan laba yang dapat dicapai oleh perusahaan.Hasil penelitian ini tentang pengukuran produktivitas parsial memperlihatkan level produktivitas berubah-ubah dan masih memerlukan usaha peningkatan produktivitas parsial terutama dalam pemakaian masing-masing input dengan efisien. Level Total Factor Productivity selama perioda pengukuran memperlihatkan level pertumbuhan positif. Ini melukiskan perusahaan sukses dalam mengelola input tenaga kerja dan modal kolektif yang dimiliki. Level Total Productivity selama perioda pengukuran menunjukkan level pertumbuhan yang berubah-ubah. Ini melukiskan perusahaan itu belum dapat mengelola input yang dimiliki keseluruhan dengan sukses. Untuk melukiskan hubungan antara produktivitas total dengan profitabilitas dari hasil penelitian bisa diketahui faktor produktivitas (0,998 mempunyai pengaruh lebih besar dibandingkan pemulihan harga (0,457 untuk peningkatan profitabilitas perusahaan selama kurun waktu satu tahun perioda pengukuran. Diperlukan usaha untuk meningkatkan profitabilitas perusahaan untuk periode mendatang disertai usaha untuk meningkatkan produktivitas yang memusatkan pada peningkatan produktivitas material dan produktivitas modal sebagai input yang sangat mempengaruhi profitabilitas perusahaan dengan cara berkelanjutkan dan berkesinambungan. Kata kunci: pengukuran evaluasi dan produktivitas, profitabilitas    CV. Citra Jepara is an export furniture

  16. BALANCED SCORECARD SEBAGAI PENGUKURAN KINERJA MASA DEPAN: SUATU PENGANTAR

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    Monika Kussetya Ciptani

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Performance measurement is an essential thing for a company. To become the winner in this global competition world, the company has to show a performance improvement from period to period. Recently, financial performance measurement is not enough to reflect the real business performance. That why Kaplan developed Balanced Scorecard Concept. The Balanced Scorecard Concept measure the organization's performance through four perspectives that are the financial perspective, customer perspective, internal business process perspective and learning and growth perspective. In dead, the Balanced Scorecard Concept is a concept in translating strategy into action to achieve organization's gool in the long term. The action is measured and controlled continually. This article count on the implementation of the Balanced Scorecard Concept in some companies in USA. Many problems a difficulties which occur on the implementation of the concept could became opinion and suggestions for some companies who want to implement the Balanced Scorecard. However, Balanced Scorecard will help organizations (companies to measure their performance more comprehensive and accurate. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Penilaian kinerja merupakan hal yang esensial bagi perusahan. Untuk memenangkan persaingan global yang semakin ketat ini, kinerja sebuah organisasi haruslah mencerminkan peningkatan dari satu periode ke periode berikutnya. Dewasa ini pengukuran kinerja secara finansial tidaklah cukup mencerminkan kinerja organisasi sesungguhnya, sehingga dikembangkan suatu konsep Balanced Scorecard. Konsep Balanced Scorecard mengukur kinerja suatu organisasi dari empat perspektif yaitu perspektif finansial, perspektif customer, perspektif proses bisnis internal, perspektif pertumbuhan dan pembelajaran. Konsep Balanced Scorecard ini pada dasarnya merupakan penerjemahan strategi dan tujuan yang ingin dicapai oleh suatu perusahaan dalam jangka panjang, yang kemudian diukur dan dimonitor

  17. ANALISIS PENGUKURAN FOREMETRIC DAN MYOLINE ATLET PPLM UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MAKASSAR

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    Hasmyati .

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap keadaan postur tulang belakang (vertebrae atlet PPLM UNM. Penelitian survey ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif. Subjek penelitian adalah 15 atlet PPLM UNM. Alat ukur menggunakan Foremetric Diers. Metode Penelitian melalui pemeriksaan famus yang terdiri atas foremetric dan myoline. Hasil pengukuran dianalisis dan ditabulasi berdasarkan penggolongan kyphosis, scoliosis, dan lordosis dan melalui komputer terintegrasi yang langsung menghasilkan program latihan terapi untuk pemulihan asal. Hasil penelitian ini mengungkapkan bahwa dari 15 atlet terdapat 1 dinyatakan kyphosis, 6 dinyatakan scoliosis, dan tidak ditemukan adanya lordosis. Kasus tersebut disebabkan oleh pola latihan dengan gerakan dan penambahan beban yang satu dimensi. Karenanya, tubuh membentuk reposisi sesuai pola aktivitas yang kerap dilakukan. Temuan tersebut sebagai bahan tindak lanjut untuk mereposisi tulang belakang yang telah mengalami kelainan. Kata Kunci: vertebrae, kyphosis, lordosis, skoliosis

  18. Perbandingan Akurasi Pengukuran Suhu Dan Kelembaban Antara Sensor DHT11 Dan DHT22

    OpenAIRE

    Saptadi, Arief Hendra

    2014-01-01

    Suhu dan kelembaban merupakan dua objek pengukuran yang acapkali terdapat di dalam sistem akuisisi data. Terdapat banyak piranti sensor yang berfungsi untuk mengukur dua objek tersebut dan akurasi merupakan salah satu parameter yang dapat digunakan untuk memilihnya. DHT11 dan DHT22 adalah sensor seri DHT dari Aosong Electronics yang dapat melakukan pengukuran suhu dan kelembaban secara serempak dengan keluaran digital. Informasi tentang akurasi terdapat di dalam lembar data keduanya. Kendati ...

  19. Pengukuran Beban Kerja Mental Dalam Searching Task Dengan Metode Rating Scale Mental Effort (Rsme)

    OpenAIRE

    Widyanti, Ari; Johnson, Addie; de Waard, Dick

    2010-01-01

    Metode pengukuran beban kerja mental meliputi metode obyektif dan subyektif. Metodepengukuran beban kerja mental secara subyektif yang banyak diaplikasikan di Indonesia adalahSubjective Workload Assessment Technique (SWAT) dan NASA TLX (NASA Task Load Index).SWAT dan NASA TLX adalah pengukuran subyektif yang bersifat multidimensional (multidimensionalscaling) yang relatif membutuhkan waktu dalam aplikasinya. Sebagai alternatif SWAT dan NASA TLX,Rating Scale Mental Effort (RSME) adalah satu me...

  20. PERANCANGAN SISTEM PENGUKURAN KINERJA ORGANISASI PADA PT XYZ DENGAN METODE BALANCED SCORECARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghea Okta Audina

    2017-08-01

    Untuk memperoleh usulan sistem pengukuran kinerja, diawali dengan merancang strategi berdasarkan analisis SWOT, mengelompokkan Critical Success Factors dari sasaran strategi, menyusun Key Performance Indicator sebagai indikator pengukuran, melakukan pembobotan menggunakan metode Analytical Hierarchy Process. Berdasarkan hasil pengolahan data, terdapat 7 sasaran strategi, 13 CSF, dan 17 KPI. Bobot tertinggi terdapat pada perspektif pelanggan sebesar 36,41%, keuangan 24,13%, pertumbuhan dan pembelajaran 23,61%, dan internal proses bisnis 15,85%.

  1. Perancangan Sistem Pengukuran Kinerja Aktivitas Green Supply Chain Management (Gscm) (Studi Kasus: Kud “Batu”

    OpenAIRE

    Fortuna, Irvan Fauzi; Suamtri, Yeni; Yuniarti, Rahmi

    2014-01-01

    KUD “BATU” merupakan salah satu sektor industri yang memiliki aktivitas supply chain dalam memproduksi susu pasteurisasi Nandhi Murni. Selama ini, KUD “BATU” belum pernah melakukan pengukuran kinerja supply chain management yang ramah lingkungan. Oleh karena itu, dibutuhkan suatu metode yang dapat diterapkan dalam pengukuran kinerja supply chain management yang ramah lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur sejauh mana pencapaian kinerja supply chain management KUD “BATU” yang rama...

  2. SEL/Project Language. Level II, Kindergarten, Teacher's Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valladares, Ann E.; Lynch, Helen C.

    The Teacher's Handbook is part of the publication series of the Southeastern Education Laboratory/Project Language (SEL/PL), an 8-year language-centered program designed to alleviate the language deficiencies of disadvantaged children between the ages of four and eleven. For teachers utilizing SEL/PL, the Handbook provides a research summary and…

  3. PENGUKURAN VS30 MENGGUNAKAN METODE MASW UNTUK WILAYAH YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzli Muzli

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Yogyakarta merupakan salah satu wilayah yang aktif gempabumi di Indonesia. Sumber gempabumi dapat berasal dari patahan lokal Opak di bagian timur ataupun zona subduksi pada bagian selatan Yogyakarta. Pembuatan peta mikrozonasi gempa sangat dibutuhkan untuk pertimbangan pembangunan infrastruktur atau bangunan yang tahan terhadap gempabumi. Upaya tersebut diharapkan dapat mengurangi dampak resiko yang mungkin ditimbulkan. Pada pertengahan tahun 2014 telah dilakukan pengukuran kecepatan gelombang geser (Vs30 di wilayah Yogyakarta khususnya wilayah Kabupaten Bantul dan Sleman. Pengukuran dilakukan terhadap 55 titik yang menyebar pada dua wilayah Kabupaten tersebut dengan jarak antar titik sekitar 1 sampai 5 km. Vs30 merupakan salah satu parameter yang digunakan dalam peta mikrozonasi. Pengukuran Vs30 dengan metode Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW menggunakan 24 geofon komponen vertikal dengan frekuensi 4.5 Hz. Nilai Vs30 memberikan informasi klasifikasi tanah permukaan sampai pada kedalaman 30 meter. Hasil interpretasi nilai Vs30 menunjukkan bahwa pusat kota yaitu Kotamadya Yogyakarta memiliki resiko amplifikasi gelombang yang relatif besar dengan nilai Vs30 berkisar antara 115-175 m/s. Pembangunan di wilayah ini sangat disarankan untuk memperhatikan aturan yang memenuhi standard sesuai rujukan SNI 1726-2012. Pada sisi lain, wilayah yang memiliki tanah permukaan klasifikasi padat dengan nilai rata-rata Vs30 antara 350-480 m/s adalah Kecamatan Kretek, Sanden, Pandak dan Bambanglipuro. Wilayah ini memiliki potensi untuk pelemahan atau atenuasi gelombang sehingga resiko kerusakan akibat gempabumi relatif lebih kecil.   Yogyakarta region is one of a seismically active region in Indonesia. Earthquake source can be generatedfrom a local fault Opak in the easternor subduction zone in the southern part of Yogyakarta. Map of seismic microzonation is needed for infrastructure development considerations or buildings resistant to earthquakes. The

  4. KULTUR SEL BABY HAMSTER KIDNEY (BHK MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA DULBECCO’S MODIFIED EAGLE MEDIUM (DMEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mashita Andiana

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Kultur sel merupakan suatu proses saat sel hidup ditempatkan ke dalam suatu media yang dapat membuat sel tersebut berkembang biak atau tumbuh secara in vitro, Kultur sel dapat berupa kultur sel primer maupun cell line, Metode dalam kultur sel terdiri atas kultur monolayer dan kultur suspensi. Pembuatan media kultur untuk pertumbuhan sel diusahakan memenuhi kriteria. Konstituen dasar dari media kultur yang paling banyak digunakan adalah BSS (Balanced Sald Solution. Untuk mendapatkan pertumbuhan sel yang optimal, media kultur ditambahkan serum. Serum yang biasa digunakan dalam kultur adalah serum anak sapi (calf serum, serum fetus sapi (foetal bovine serum, serum kuda dan serum manusia. Perhitungan sel menggunakan counting chamber. Metode yang digunakan adalah revival kemudian split sel, stor sel dan menghitung sel. Hasil revival  jumlah sel tertinggi didapat dari botol nomer 3 dengan jumlah sel 310 yaitu botol dengan sel BHK label tahun 2016, dan hasil split sel yang paling tinggi juga didapat dari botol kultur nomer 3 dengan jumlah sel 345 dan 311.

  5. KULTUR SEL BABY HAMSTER KIDNEY (BHK MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA DULBECCO’S MODIFIED EAGLE MEDIUM (DMEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mashita Andiana

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Kultur sel merupakan suatu proses saat sel hidup ditempatkan ke dalam suatu media yang dapat membuat sel tersebut berkembang biak atau tumbuh secara in vitro, Kultur sel dapat berupa kultur sel primer maupun cell line, Metode dalam kultur sel terdiri atas kultur monolayer dan kultur suspensi. Pembuatan media kultur untuk pertumbuhan sel diusahakan memenuhi kriteria. Konstituen dasar dari media kultur yang paling banyak digunakan adalah BSS (Balanced Sald Solution. Untuk mendapatkan pertumbuhan sel yang optimal, media kultur ditambahkan serum. Serum yang biasa digunakan dalam kultur adalah serum anak sapi (calf serum, serum fetus sapi (foetal bovine serum, serum kuda dan serum manusia. Perhitungan sel menggunakan counting chamber. Metode yang digunakan adalah revival kemudian split sel, stor sel dan menghitung sel. Hasil revival  jumlah sel tertinggi didapat dari botol nomer 3 dengan jumlah sel 310 yaitu botol dengan sel BHK label tahun 2016, dan hasil split sel yang paling tinggi juga didapat dari botol kultur nomer 3 dengan jumlah sel 345 dan 311.

  6. Implementasi Sistem Pengukuran Kinerja Aktivitas, Green Supply Chain Management (Gscm (Studi Kasus: Kud “Dau”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al Wafdah Lazuardian

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available KUD "DAU" merupakan salah satu sektor industri yang memiliki aktivitas supply chain dalam memproduksi susu pasteurisasi yang diberi nama Dau Fresh Milk. Selama ini, KUD "DAU" belum pernah membuat pengukuran kinerja manajemen rantai pasokan yang ramah lingkungan. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan suatu metode yang diterapkan dalam mengukur kinerja SCM yang ramah lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur tingkat pencapaian kinerja manajemen rantai pasokan KUD "DAU" yang ramah lingkungan. Metode yang digunakan untuk mengukur kinerja SCM adalah metode pendekatan hijau ramah lingkungan untuk manajemen rantai pasokan (GSCM. Model pengukuran kinerja GSCM terdiri dari kegiatan pengadaan hijau, green manufacturing, green distribution logistics. Pengamatan diperoleh dari sejumlah 44 indikator yang mengukur indikator kinerja utama yang valid. Dari pengukuran tersebut dapat diberikan rekomendasi perbaikan indikator kinerja yang memiliki kategori merah traffic light system.

  7. PENGUKURAN RISIKO BISNIS DAN RISIKO PENDANAAN DALAM PERUSAHAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miswanto Miswanto

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Pengukuran Risiko Bisnis dan Risiko Pendanaan dalam Perusahaan. Dalam melakukan pengambilan keputusan leverage, manajer keuangan tidak cukup hanya memperhatikan laba, melainkan juga risiko yang ditimbulkan. Risiko dapat berupa risiko bisnis, risiko pendanaan, dan risiko total. Pengukurannya dapat dilakukan dengan pendekatan statistika dan pendekatan pasar. Menurut pendekatan statistika, risiko total diukur dengan Koefisien Variasi EPS, atau dihitung dari Koefisien Variasi EBIT kali Degree of Financial Leverage (DFL. Risiko bisnis diukur dengan Koefisien Variasi EBIT, dan risiko pendanaan diukur dengan Koefisien Variasi EPS dikurangi dengan Koefisien Variasi EBIT. Menurut pendekatan pasar, risiko total diukur dengan beta leverage firm, risiko bisnis diukur dengan beta unleveraged firm, dan risiko pendanaan diukur dari beta leverage firm dikurangi dengan beta unleverage firm. Melalui pendekatan pasar dapat diperoleh adanya keterkaitan yang berupa trade-off antara risiko leverage dan return yang diharapkan.   Kata kunci: beta, bisnis, laba, leverage, pendanaan, dan risiko   Abstract:  Business and Financial Risk Measurement in the Firms. In making decisions on leverage, financial managers is not enough to pay attention to the earnings, but should also pay attention to the risks. The risks can be business risk, financial risk, and total risk. They can be measured either by statistical or market approach. With the statistical approach, the total risk is measured by the coefficient of variation of EPS, or calculated from the coefficient of variation of EBIT times the Degree of Financial Leverage (DFL. Business risk is measured by the coefficient of variation of EBIT, and financial risk is measured by the coefficient of variation of EPS reduced coefficient of variation of EBIT. With the market approach, the total risk is measured by beta leverage firm, business risk measured by beta unleveraged firm, and financial risk obtained by reducing

  8. EVALUASI PENERAPAN PENGUKURAN KINERJA BANK DENGAN PENDEKATAN BALANCED SCORECARD PADA BANK PAPUA (Persero)

    OpenAIRE

    TRI REJEKI, TALHA

    2014-01-01

    2014 ABSTRAK Evaluasi Penerapan Pengukuran Kinerja Bank Dengan Pendekatan Balanced Scorecard Pada Bank Papua (Persero). Evaluation of the Implementation of Bank Performance Measurement Balanced Scorecard Approach To Bank of Papua ( Persero ) . Talha Tri Rejeki Yulianus Sampe M. Christian Mangiwa Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran kinerja Bank Papua Persero), Tbk dengan pendekatan balanced scorecard dari segi ...

  9. PERANCANGAN DAN IMPLEMENTASI SISTEM PENGUKURAN KINERJA DENGAN METODE PERFORMANCE PRISM (Studi Kasus pada Hotel X

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwan Vanany

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This article described a result of research design of performance measurement system in hotel business with Performance Prism Model. As long as, performance measurement system at hotel X not yet representatived organization performance according to comprehensif and integrated. Because of needed redesign performance measurement system with new model. From the objective condition of hotel X, Performance Prism model more representative than others. The result of design described that stakeholder in hotel X such as: customer, employee, supplier, owner and investor, and regulator and community. From the performance measurement system design are obtained 36 types Key Performance Indicator (KPI such as: 6 KPI of customer, 9 KPI of staff manajerial, 9 KPI of staff operational, 4 KPI of supplier, 3 KPI of investor, and 5 KPI of regulator & community. Result of implementation performance measurement system with scoring system indicates that the amount of scor current performance indicator is 50,75%. Result of measurement can be based management act evaluation and choice planning improvement organization and all Stakeholder requirements must be request. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Artikel ini menguraikan hasil penelitian perancangan sistem pengukuran kinerja pada sebuah perusahaan dalam bisnis hotel dengan model Performance Prism. Selama ini, sistem pengukuran kinerja di Hotel X belum merepresentasikan kinerja organisasi secara komprehensif dan integratif. Oleh karena itu, perlu dilakukan perancangan kembali sistem pengukuran kinerjanya. Dari kondisi objektif hotel X, model yang tepat digunakan adalah model Performance Prism dibanding model lain. Hasil rancangan menunjukkan bahwa stakeholder hotel X meliputi: konsumen, tenaga kerja, supplier, pemilik/investor, serta pemerintah dan masyarakat sekitar lingkungan hotel. Sistem pengukuran kinerja memuat 36 KPI yang meliputi 6 KPI konsumen, 9 KPI staff manajerial, 9 KPI staff operasional, 4 KPI supplier, 3

  10. PENERAPAN PENGUKURAN NILAI WAJAR PSAK-KONVERGENSI IFRS DAN DAMPAKNYA PADA PILIHAN KEBIJAKAN AKUNTANSI DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Khomsatun

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. This study aims to investigate the impact of the compulsory measurement of fair value and choice on the comparability of financial statements. This study uses data from nonfinancial public companies listed on the BEI. The method of determining the appeal level using the Taplin index and the increase or decrease of the appeal rate using the different test of Mc Nemar and Wilcoxon. The results show that there is no increase in the comparability of financial statements for accounting policies required to use value measurement. The accounting policy allowed to choose the method of measurement is also not proven there is a decrease in the comparability of financial statements. Differences in appeals occur only in the accounting policies of fixed assets that have increased appeal. This study shows that before and after the adoption of new standards related to fair value measurement, the financial reporting appeal level is still high. This study also indicates that the fair value measurement for the accounting policy allowed to select the measurement method is still low. Keyword: Measurement of Fair Value; Power of Appeals; Choice of Accounting, Index-Taplin   Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menginvestigasi dampak pengukuran nilai wajar yang diwajibkan dan pilihan terhadap daya banding laporan keuangan.Penelitian ini menggunakan data perusahaan publik non keuangan yang tercatat di BEI. Metode penentuan tingkat daya banding dengan menggunakan indeks Taplin dan peningkatan atau penurunan tingkat daya banding menggunakan uji beda Mc Nemar dan Wilcoxon. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada peningkatan daya banding laporan keuangan untuk kebijakan akuntansi yang diwajibkan menggunakan pengukuran nilai.Kebijakan akuntansi yang diperbolehkan memilih metode pengukuran juga tidak terbukti terdapat penurunan daya banding laporan keuangan.Perbedaan daya banding terjadi hanya pada kebijakan akuntansi Aset Tetap yang mengalami kenaikan

  11. Analisa kinerja sistempendingin peltier yang menggunakan sel PVdengan sumber energi radiasi matahari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terang UHSG

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Pemanfaatan energi surya secara umum digunakan untuk energi termal dan energi listrik. Salah satu aplikasi dari sistempemanfaatan untuk energi listrik adalah penggunaan fotovoltaik (PV. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kinerjasistem kerja kotak pendingin dengan bantuan sel PV yang menyerap sumber energi matahari. Kelebihan dari dari sistempendinginan ini adalah beroperasi tanpa menggunakan energi listrik serta ramah lingkungan. Penelitian ini menggunakankomponen elektronik peltier untuk pendingin. Komponen peltier dirangkai dengan heat sink dan kipas kecil diletakkan di bagianluar dan kipas yang lain diletakkan di bagian dalam kotak pendingin. Kotak pendingin terbuat dari styrofoam. Data perubahantemperatur sistem kotak pendingin yang diperoleh kemudian dianalisa sehingga dapat diperoleh kinerja sistem kotak pendingintersebut. Pengujian dilakukan di ruangan terbuka yang mengalami paparan radiasi matahari. Proses pengukuran parametercuaca dilakukan dengan menggunakan alat ukur cuaca HOBO dan untuk merekam perubahan temperatur pada setiapkomponen sistem pendingin peltier digunakan data akuisisi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai COP maksimum sistempendingin peltier yang dapat dicapai adalah 0,317. Pada penelitian ini, juga diteliti pengaruh kondisi cuaca yang meliputi radiasimatahari, temperatur dan kelembaban udara terhadap kinerja sistem pendingin peltier.Kata kunci: sistem pendingin peltier, kinerja Abstract: The utilization of solar energy consist of thermal energy and electrical energy. One application of the system for the utilization ofelectrical energy was photovoltaic (PV. The purpose of this study is to determine the performance of cooler box with PV cellsthat absorb the solar energy. The advantages of this cooling system was operated without using the electrical energy andenvironmentally friendly. This study uses electronic components Peltier for cooling. The peltier component assembled with a heatsink. The

  12. SEL monitoring of the earth's energetic particle radiation environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sauer, H.H.

    1989-01-01

    The Space Environment Laboratory (SEL) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) maintains instruments on board the GOES series of geostationary satellites, and aboard the NOAA/TIROS series of low-altitude, polar-orbiting satellites, which provide monitoring of the energetic particle radiation environment as well as monitoring the geostationary magnetic field and the solar x-ray flux. The data are used by the SEL Space Environment Services Center (SESC) to help provide real-time monitoring and forecasting of the state of the near earth environment and its disturbances, and to maintain a source of reliable information to research and operational activities of a variety of users

  13. Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) database organization and user's guide, revision 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morusiewicz, Linda; Bristow, John

    1992-01-01

    The organization of the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) database is presented. Included are definitions and detailed descriptions of the database tables and views, the SEL data, and system support data. The mapping from the SEL and system support data to the base table is described. In addition, techniques for accessing the database through the Database Access Manager for the SEL (DAMSEL) system and via the ORACLE structured query language (SQL) are discussed.

  14. PENGARUH PSYCHOLOGICAL EMPOWERMENT, EMPOWERING LEADERSHIP, SISTEM PENGUKURAN KINERJA PADA MOTIVASI INTRINSIK FIRST-LINE EMPLOYEES PERBANKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gusti Ayu Purnamawati

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh Psychological Empowerment, Empowering Leadership, dan Sistem Pengukuran Kinerja Pada Motivasi Intrinsik First-Line Employees Perbankan. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer berupa kuesioner yang menggunakan skala likert 1-5 dan terdiri atas 36 item pertanyaan. Responden pada penelitian ini adalah manajemen lini garis pertama pada sektor perbankan yaitu sejumlah 35 orang yang berasal dari 7 BPR yang ada di Kabupaten Buleleng. Metode analisis data menggunakan model regresi linear berganda dengan bantuan alat statistik SPSS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa  Psychological Empowerment, Empowering Leadership, dan Sistem Pengukuran Kinerja berpengaruh positif dan signifikan pada Motivasi Intrinsik First-Line Employees Perbankan dengan menggunakan taraf signifikansi 5%.

  15. PERANCANGAN SISTEM PENGUKURAN KINERJA DENGAN METODE PERFORMANCE PRISM (Studi Kasus di Plaza Hotel Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hery Suliantoro

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Selama ini Plaza hotel belum pernah melakukan pengukuran kinerja yang terintegrasi yang terdiri dari aspek finansial dan non finansial. Dilihat dari prosentase tingkat hunian yang tidak memenuhi target yang ditetapkan, maka pengukuran kinerja yang terintegrasi diharapkan mampu memberikan perbaikan kinerja yang diharapkan. Dengan menggunakan performance prism, dilakukan identifikasi kebutuhan dan kontribusi stakeholder secara keseluruhan sehingga didapat indikator kinerja dari kriteria strategi, proses dan kapabilitas yang dijadikan tolok ukur perbaikan kinerja.. tahap pengumpulan data dengan menyebarkan matriks perbandingan berpasangan sebagai dasar penyusunan bobot kepentingan pada AHP dan kuesioner target pencapaian kinerja sebagai dasar penetapan skor aktual pada OMAX. Dari analisis yang dilakukan setelah bobot kepentingan diperoleh dan perhitungan nilai performansi, dilakukan simulasi perbaikan satu-satuan nilai performansi agar didapat kriteria dan elemen apa saja yang mendapat prioritas perbaikan dan rekomendasi perbaikan yang perlu dilakukan untuk meningkatkan kinerja Plaza Hotel Semarang. Kata kunci : Performance Prism, AHP, OMAX, skor aktual

  16. PERMAINAN TRADISIONAL BATOK KELAPA DALAM MEMBANGUN KONSEP PENGUKURAN PANJANG KELAS II SD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fanni Fatoni, cakrawala

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan cara siswa belajar memahami satuan pengukuran panjang standar menggunakan permainan tradisional batok kelapa untuk kelas dua sekolah dasar. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah desain riset dengan Hypothetical Learning Trajectory (HLT. Penelitian dilakukan melalui tiga tahap, yaitu desain awal, percobaan mengajar, dan analisis retrospektif. Penelitian dilakukan di SDN 1 Palembang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui rekaman video terhadap peristiwa di kelas dan kerja kelompok, pengumpulan pekerjaan siswa, pemberian pretes dan postes, dan wawancara dengan siswa. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pemahaman siswa terhadap pengukuran panjang dapat dirangsang dengan menggunakan permainan tradisional batok kelapa sebagai konteks. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini, disarankan bahwa PMRI dapat digunakan sebagai pendekatan pembelajaran pengukuran panjang di sekolah dasar. Kata Kunci: pengukuran panjang, batok kelapa, desain riset, PMRI USING TRADITIONAL GAME OF BATOK KELAPA IN LENGTH MEASUREMENT FOR THE SECOND GRADE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL Abstract: This research aims to investigate how students learn to understand the unit standards of length measurement using a traditional game of batok kelapa for the second grade of primary school. The method is the design research with Hypothetical Learning Trajectory (HLT was developed and a set of activities was performed to gain a better understanding of how to develop an understanding of length measurement through three phases, namely preliminary design, teaching experiment, and retrospective analysis. This research was conducted at SDN 1 Palembang. Data collections were generated through video recordings of classroom events and group work, collecting student work, giving pre-test and post-test, and interviewing the students. The results indicate that students' understanding of length measurements can be stimulated by using traditional game of batok

  17. PERBANDINGAN PENGUKURAN RADIOMETER DAN RADIOSONDE PADA MUSIM HUJAN DI DRAMAGA BOGOR

    OpenAIRE

    Athoillah, Ibnu; Dewi, Saraswati; Renggono, Findy

    2016-01-01

    IntisariBalai Besar Teknologi Modifikasi Cuaca (BB-TMC) BPPT bekerjasama dengan Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika (BMKG) melakukan kegiatan Intensive Observation Period (IOP) selama puncak musim hujan pada tanggal 18 Januari - 16 Februari 2016 di wilayah Jabodetabek. Salah satu peralatan yang digunakan untuk observasi adalah Radiometer dan Radiosonde. Pada penelitian ini akan difokuskan bagaimana perbandingan hasil dari pengukuran Radiometer dan Radiosonde selama kegiatan IOP teruta...

  18. "Sel kevadel olen ma eriti ilus..." : [luuletused] / Triin Soomets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomets, Triin

    2003-01-01

    Sisu: "Sel kevadel olen ma eriti ilus..." ; "Tahaksin teha midagi tõelist; midagi suurt..." ; "veebruaris on keha nii valge et syda läheb pahaks..." ; "kõige kohutavamad lepingud..." ; "Igal loojangul kutsun sind ja igal koidikul tõukan su ära..." ; "need hakid..." ; "Põhja vajudes on viimane asi, mida ma näen, rohelised sähvatused..."

  19. Sel nädalal on silmad Gruusial / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2009-01-01

    7. augustil möödub aasta Venemaa-Gruusia sõjalisest konfliktist. Sel puhul teatas Venemaa esindaja Vitali Tšurkin ÜRO peaassambleele, et Venemaa kiire tegutsemine Lõuna-Osseetias päästis maailma "uuest genotsiidist"

  20. "Koolitants" kutsub noori ka sel hooajal / Liisi Seil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seil, Liisi, 1971-

    2009-01-01

    Festival "Koolitants", mille tänavune moto on "Tants toob naeru näole!", püüab sel aastal hakkama saada kolmandiku võrra väiksema eelarvega. Kokkuhoiu mõttes jäetakse ära piirkondlikud voorud

  1. Ösel Foods paindub turul hästi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Ösel Foods AS-i juhatuse esimees Kuldar Leis tutvustab ettevõtte tegevust, tootearendust ja müügistrateegiat ning võrdleb eestlaste maitsmismeelt ja tarbimisharjumusi naaberriikidega. Kommenteerib Põltsamaa Felix AS-i juhatuse esimees Andres Koern

  2. Pengolahan Citra untuk Mengukur Diameter Terkecil Kayu Guna Mengatasi Rugi Akibat Kesalahan Pengukuran pada Industri Kayu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rifyal Rachmat

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Kayu merupakan hasil hutan sebagai bahan dasar dari produk jadi seperti lemari, kursi, dan produk olahan lain. Pada industri pengolahan kayu, metode penentuan harga umumnya didasarkan terhadap perhitungan isi kayu (volume dimana nilai tersebut diawali dengan perhitungan diameter terkecil. Pekerja lapangan pada usaha kayu menggunakan nilai dari diameter terkecil untuk dijadikan acuan perhitungan dengan penggaris. Akan tetapi pengukuran ini kurang akurat karena kayu gelondong mempunyai bentuk yang tidak bulat sempurna. Padahal, selisih satu centimeter saja dapat menentukan grade kayu dan berpengaruh terhadap harga kayu gelondong tersebut. Penelitian menggunakan algorithma pengolahan citra telah dilakukan  maupun dengan spesifikasi tentang permukaan kayu. Teknologi yang dirancang memanfaatkan penginderaan mesin visual yang dilakukan oleh kamera  untuk melakukan penghitungan otomatis terhadap nilai kayu dengan program OpenCV. Pada tugas akhir ini, sebuah alat tepat guna dengan raspberry pi yang akan menjadi standarisasi pengukuran pada usaha kayu dengan menggunakan pengolahan citra digital. Devais yang dibuat sangat portabel dan berhasil mengukur diameter terkecil kayu dengan akurasi pengukuran 97% menggunakan metode kontur dan bounding box. Metode tersebut lebih baik dari metode lingkaran Hough dengan akurasi 89%. Perbaikan sistem dapat dilakukan pada deteksi obyek melalui pencahayaan dan segmentasi kontur.

  3. Perancangan Sistem Pengukuran pH dan Temperatur Pada Bioreaktor Anaerob Tipe Semi-Batch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimas Prasetyo Oetomo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Proses pada bioreaktor dapat dilakukan secara aerob yaitu menggunakan bantuan oksigen dan anaerob yaitu tidak menggunakan bantuan oksigen. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan fermentasi  enceng gondok untuk menghasilkan biogas menggunakan bioreaktor anaerob tipe semi-batch. Enceng gondok memiliki rasio C/N sebesar 22.5 – 35.84% yang merupakan komposisi optimum untuk ekstraksi biogas. Kinerja dari bioreaktor dalam produksi biogas dipengaruhi oleh beberapa parameter seperti pH dan temperatur. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan perancangan sistem pengukuran besaran pH dan temperatur secara online sehingga memudahkan dalam pengambilan data. Bahan yang digunakan pada proses fermentasi adalah campuran enceng gondok yang telah dicincang dan dicampur air dengan dua komposisi penambahan berbeda untuk dibandingkan. Pada Bioreaktor1 digunakan komposisi enceng gondok dan air sebesar 1:3 dan pada bioreaktor 2 digunakan komposisi enceng gondok dan air sebesar 0,75: 1,25. Hasil penelitian menyebutkan bahwa bioreaktor 2 dengan komposisi enceng gondok dan air sebesar 0,75: 1,25 menghasilkan biogas lebih aktif dibandingkan dengan bioreaktor 1 dengan komposisi enceng gondok dan air sebesar 1 : 3. Hal tersebut diketahui dari hasil pengukuran selama 76 hari. Dari hasil pengukuran juga diketahui bahwa penurunan nilai COD pada bioreaktor 2 lebih besar dari pada  bioreaktor 1.

  4. PENGUKURAN KUALITAS PERANGKAT LUNAK SISTEM INFORMASI HOTEL BERBASIS STANDARD ISO 9126

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asih Sutanti

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan bagaimana mengukur perangkat lunak yang dilihat dari sudut pandang produk, mengukur kualitas perangkat  lunak Sistem Informasi Hotel yang memerlukan  alat bantu untuk mempermudah melakukan pengukuran kualitas software tersebut berdasarkan ISO 9126 yang sesuai dengan enam karakteristik dari model kualitas software/perangkat lunak yaitu Functionability, Reliability, usability, efesiency, maintainability dan portability. Faktor kualitas umum yang paling penting diurutkan dan ditambahkan ke sub-faktor dari ISO 9126. Sehingga pihak manajemen dalam pengukurannya lebih akurat dalam memperoleh informasi untuk menentukan keputusan strategis. Melalui pemrosesan data dari masukan pengguna terhadap tingkat preferensi faktor dan sub-faktor kualitas akan diperoleh bobot faktor kualitas dan bobot relatif sub-faktor kualitas. Perkalian kedua nilai tersebut akan menghasilkan bobot absolut yang kemudian dikalikan dengan penilaian kriteria aplikasi hotel dari pengguna. Hasil akhirnya berupa nilai kualitas total dari aplikasi perangkat lunak Sistem Informasi Hotel. Setelah dilakukan pengukuran dengan enam karakteristik Standart ISO 9126, diperoleh nilai  Sistem Informasi Hotel 13.25 yang merupakan hasil pengukuran kualitas sehingga aplikasi ini tidak masuk kategori standar ISO 9126 karena ada Karakteristik Portability yait u unsur Adaptability, dan Installability tidak terpenuhi.

  5. PERANCANGAN SISTEM PENGUKURAN KINERJA DENGAN METODE PERFORMANCE PRISM (STUDI KASUS PADA PDAM TIRTA MOEDAL CABANG SEMARANG TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nia Budi Puspitasari

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini menguraikan hasil penelitian perancangan sistem pengukuran kinerja pada PDAM Tirta Moedal Semarang dengan model Performance Prism. Selama ini PDAM Tirta Moedal belum memiliki sistem pengukuran kinerja. Oleh karena itu, perlu dilakukan perancangan sistem pengukuran kinerja. Dari kondisi PDAM Tirta Moedal Semarang, model yang tepat digunakan adalah model performance prism  dibanding model lain. Sistem pengukuran kinerja ini memiliki 44 KPI yang meliputi 12 KPI pelanggan, 9 KPI karyawan, 11 KPI pemilik modal, 6 KPI supplier, 6 KPI pemerintah dan masyarakat di sekitar lingkungan. Dari hasil implementasi sistem pengukuran kinerja dengan proses scoring system menggunakan metode OMAX menunjukkan nilai current performance indicator yang telah dicapai oleh PDAM Tirta Moedal Semarang adalah sebesar 75,1 %. Hasil pengukuran menjadi landasan pihak manajemen mengevaluasi dan menentukan rencana kerja perbaikan sehingga harapan dari semua stakeholder dapat terpenuhi Kata kunci : Pengukuran Kinerja, Performance Prism, PDAM Tirta Moedal Semarang   Abstract This study describes the results of research on the performance measurement system design PDAM Tirta Moedal Semarang with model Performance Prism. During this PDAM Tirta Moedal not have a performance measurement system. Therefore, it is necessary to design performance measurement systems. From the condition of PDAM Tirta Moedal Semarang, the exact model used is a prism model performance compared to other models. This performance measurement system has 44 KPIs which include 12 customer KPI, KPI 9 employees, 11 KPI owners of capital, supplier KPI 6, KPI 6 governments and communities around the neighborhood. From the results of performance measurement system implementation with the scoring system using the OMAX shows the current performance indicator has been achieved by PDAM Tirta Moedal Semarang amounted to 75.1%. The basis of measurement results to evaluate and determine the management

  6. SEL Hardness Assurance in a Mixed Radiation Field

    CERN Document Server

    Garcia Alia, Ruben; Danzeca, Salvatore; Ferlet-Cavrois, Veronique; Frost, Christopher; Gaillard, Remi; Mekki, Julien; Saigné, Frédéric; Thornton, Adam; Uznanski, Slawosz; Worbel, Frédéric; CERN. Geneva. ATS Department

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between monoenergetic and mixed-field Single Event Latchup (SEL) cross sections, concluding for components with a very strong energy dependence and highly-energetic environments, test results from monoenergetic or soft mixed-field spectra can significantly underestimate the operational failure rate. We introduce a semi-empirical approach that can be used to evaluate the SEL rate for such environments based on monoenergetic measurements and information or assumptions on the respective sensitive volume and materials surrounding it. We show that the presence of high-Z materials such as tungsten is particularly important in determining the hadron cross section energy dependence for components with relatively large LET thresholds.

  7. Ösel Foodsi müügihitid / Aivar Hundimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hundimägi, Aivar, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    2001. aastal müüs Ösel Foods poole firma käibest andnud Linnuse kalja Coca-Colale, 2003. aastal otsustas A. Le. Coq Tartu Õlletehas Öseli ära osta. Mõlemat tehingut peetakse heaks müügitehinguks müüjale. Diagramm: Kali ja mahlad tõid Öseli tagasi kasumisse. Lisad: Ösel Foods keskendus 2001. aastal mahla tootmisele; Ösel hindas Aura ACE turuletoomise edukaks; Ösel Foodsi tippjuhid tegid mitu müügitehingut

  8. PENGUKURAN KINERJA KARYAWAN PT. PERTAMINA (PERSERO TBBM SEMARANG GROUP DENGAN PENDEKATAN HUMAN RESOURCES SCORECARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Aisyah Putri

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available PT. PERTAMINA (PERSERO Terminal Bahan Bakar Minyak (TBBM Semarang Group memiliki tugas utama yaitu sebagai tempat Penerimaan, Penyimpanan, dan Penyaluran. TBBM Semarang Group menargetkan posisi perusahaan ada pada peringkat “GOLD” di Tahun 2014 dengan standar kriteria persentase penilaian keseluruhan sebesar 90%. Dari data yang didapatkan hasil nilai audit POSE (Pertamina Operation & Service Excellent pada tahun 2013 mencapai 92%, dan pada tahun 2014 meningkat menjadi 93,9%. Namun pada 4 elemen yang berkaitan dengan aspek Human Resources terjadi penurunan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengidentifikasi KPI (Key performance indicator terpilih yang dapat menunjang peningkatan nilai POSE dengan menggunakan rancangan HR Scorecard, serta menghitung bobot masing-masing KPI dengan metode Analytical Hierarchy Process dan mengukur nilai pencapaian kinerja dengan metode Scoring System dan evaluasi hasil pengukuran kinerja dengan Traffic Light System. Perancangan pengukuran kinerja dengan kerangka Human Resources Scorecard menghasilkan 17 KPI yang dapat menunjang peningkatan nilai POSE, yaitu 5 KPI dari perspektif High Performance Work System, 3 KPI HR System Alignment, 4 KPI HR Efficiency, dan 5 KPI HR Deliverable. Dari hasil pengukuran kinerja TBBM Semarang Group berada pada level hijau dengan hasil kinerja sebesar 98% atau sudah baik. Namun, masih terdapat 2 KPI yang berada pada level merah yaitu tingkat keterlambatan karyawan dan biaya penjagaan lingkungan. Maka, perusahaan harus melakukan perbaikan segera pada kedua KPI tersebut agar dapat meningkatkan nilai persentase POSE pada aspek Human Resources. Kata Kunci : human resources scorecard; key performance indicator; pengukuran kinerja; analytical hierarchy process; scoring system dan traffic light system Abstract The main roles of PT. Pertamina (Persero Fuel Oil Terminal (TBBM Semarang Group consist of Receiving, Storing, and Distribution. In 2004, TBBM Semarang Group targeted the

  9. Pengukuran Performansi Supply Chain Dengan Menggunakan Supply Chain Operation Reference (Scor) Berbasis Analytical Hierarchy Process (Ahp) Dan Objective Matrix (Omax)

    OpenAIRE

    Hanugrani, Nikita; Setyanto, Nasir Widha; Efranto, Remba Yanuar

    2013-01-01

    PT. Indonesian Tobacco merupakan salah satu Perusahaan rokok yang telah menerapkan konsep Supply Chain Management untuk mengatur proses aliran material. Selama berjalannya Supply Chain Management tersebut, Perusahaan belum pernah melakukan pengukuran terhadap performansi supply chain yang melibatkan semua pihak yang terkait. Metode yang digunakan untuk mengukur performansi supply chain adalah Supply Chain Operation Reference (SCOR). SCOR merupakan suatu model acuan proses untuk operasi supply...

  10. Maksilektomi Inferior pada Karsinoma Sel Skuamosa Palatum Durum

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    Sukri Rahman

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak          Karsinoma Palatum Durum adalah keganasan daerah kepala dan leher yang jarang terjadi dimana setengah diantaranya merupakan Karsinoma Sel Skuamosa. Pada fase awal keganasan ini dapat bersifat asimptomatis namun dapat juga menimbulkan gejala berupa ulkus yang terasa nyeri pada perkembangan penyakitnya. Operasi maksilektomi inferior merupakan salah satu pilihan tindakan yang dapat dilakukan dalam tatalaksana kasus ini, diikuti oleh pemberian radioterapi. Kasus ini dibuat untuk memahami penatalaksanaan karsinoma palatum durum. Dilaporkan kasus seorang laki-laki 45 tahun dengan diagnosis Karsinoma Sel Skuamosa Palatum Durum (Well to Moderately Differentiated Keratinized stadium IVa (T4aN0M0 dilakukan operasi maksilektomi inferior, namun tidak diikuti dengan radioterapi karena pasien menolak. Maksilektomi inferior merupakan pilihan pembedahan pada tumor yang terbatas pada palatum, lantai sinus maksila dan kavum nasi. Prognosis karsinoma sel skuamosa palatum durum cukup baik dan angka harapan hidup lima tahun akan bertambah bila dilakukan operasi diikuti dengan pemberian radioterapi. Kata kunci: Karsinoma sel skuamosa, maksilektomi inferior, radioterapi AbstractCarcinoma of the hard palate is a rare head and neck cancer in which half of it was Squamous Cell Carcinoma. In the initial phase of this malignancy may be asymptomatic, but can also cause symptoms such as painful ulcers in the development of the disease. Inferior maxillectomy is one of the choice of operation that can be performed, followed by radiotherapy to understand the management of carcinoma of the hard palate. Reported one case of a man 45 years old with diagnosis Squamous Cell Carcinoma of hard palate (Well to Moderately Differentiated Keratinized stage IVa (T4aN0M0 treated by inferior maxillectomy surgery, but not followed by radiotherapy because the patient refused. Inferior Maksilektomi is a surgical option in tumor that limited to the palate, floor of the

  11. PENGEMBANGAN BUKU AJAR BIOLOGI SEL DENGAN PENDEKATAN BIOINFORMATIKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardini Pangastuti

    2016-02-01

    Buku ajar merupakan buku panduan pembelajaran yang digunakan oleh siswa guna membantu mencapai tujuan pendidikan nasional. Pengembangan buku ajar merupakan salah satu cara yang dilakukan untuk memfasilitasi tercapainya indikator pembelajaran. Pengembangan buku ajar Biologi Sel dengan pendekatan Bioinformatika menggunakan model pengembangan Dick and Carey. Buku ajar yang dikembangkan divalidasi oleh ahli materi, ahli media pembelajaran, 15 mahasiswa uji coba perorangan, dan 15 mahasiswa uji coba kelompok sedang. Hasil validasi ahli materi menyatakan layak sebesar 84% dengan kategori baik. Hasil validasi ahli media pembelajaran menyatakan layak sebesar 82,4% dengan kategori baik.

  12. ISOLASI KOI HERPESVIRUS (KHV DARI BEBERAPA ORGAN TARGET DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN KULTUR SEL KT-2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuti Sumiati

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Kasus kematian massal pada ikan mas dan koi (Cyprinus carpio yang disebabkan oleh koi herpesvirus (KHV terjadi sejak tahun 2002 dan masih berlangsung hingga sekarang. Pemilihan sampel yang tepat sangat penting untuk mendeteksi dan mengidentifikasi penyakit KHV tersebut. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui jaringan yang menjadi target infeksi KHV dengan cara isolasi virus menggunakan kultur sel KT-2. Kultur sel diinokulasi dengan ekstrak jaringan organ target (otak, mata, insang, ginjal, limfa, hati, jantung, dan usus, serta gabungan insang, ginjal, dan limfa dan diinkubasi pada suhu 25oC selama 14 hari. Kerusakan sel terjadi pada kultur sel yang diinokulasi dengan ekstrak dari jaringan insang, ginjal dan gabungan organ insang, ginjal, dan limfa. Uji PCR dari media kultur dan sel yang mengalami CPE menunjukkan bahwa CPE disebabkan oleh KHV.

  13. PENGUKURAN KINERJA ORGANISASI DENGAN PENDEKATAN BALANCED SCORECARD PADA RSUD KABUPATEN KEBUMEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bestari Dwi Handayani

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengukur kinerja perusahaan di RSUD Kebumen, yang selama ini menekankan pada aspek keuangan. Penilaian tersebut kurang menggambarkan kinerja perusahaan secara keseluruhan, karena hanya menilai kinerja jangka pendek dan mengabaikan aset tidak berwujud. Pengukuran kinerja menggunakan metode Balanced Scorecard mempertimbangkan baik aspek keuangan dan non-keuangan. Pengukuran ini melibatkan empat perspektif, yaitu: keuangan, pelanggan, proses bisnis internal, dan pembelajaran dan perspektif pertumbuhan. Hasil analisis menunjukkan skor kinerja rumah sakit melalui empat perspektif Balanced Scorecard. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, disimpulkan bahwa hasil perspektif finansial dinilai baik dengan rasio efektivitas yang sesuai target. Kinerja berdasarkan perspektif pelanggan dianggap cukup baik. Namun, tingkat akuisisi pasien menurun. Berdasarkan perspektif proses bisnis internal, kinerja dinilai ideal. Tingkat produktivitas dilihat dari perspektif pembelajaran dan pertumbuhan rata-rata sebesar Rp24.663.959, dan kepuasan karyawan dinilai cukup baik. This study aimed to measure the performance of companies in Kebumen Hospital, which has emphasized the financial aspects. The assessment describes the lack of overall company performance, as only assess short-term performance and ignores intangible assets. Measurement of performance using the Balanced Scorecard method is to consider both aspects of financial and non-financial. This measurement involves four perspectives: financial, customer, internal business processes, and learning and growth perspective. The analysis shows the hospital performance scores over the four Balanced Scorecard perspectives. Based on the results of the study, concluded that the financial rating of good results with the corresponding effectiveness ratio target. Performance which based on the customer’s perspective is considered quite good. However, the acquisition of patient decline. Based on

  14. Pengukuran Tingkat Efektivitas Kinerja UMKM Batik Bakaran Secara Berkelanjutan Mengunakan Model Green SCOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Alfa Puryono

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM merupakan salah satu kekuatan pendorong terdepan dalam pembangunan perekonomi di Indonesia. Agar UMKM tersebut tetap mampu bertahan dalam menghadapai tantangan sekaligus peluang yang ada, maka UMKM harus bisa meningkatkan kinerja dan kerja sama dengan sektor usaha yang lainnya. Selain itu UMKM tersebut juga harus tetap memperhatikan dampak terhadap linkgungannya. Untuk itu maka diperlukan adanya pengukuran tingkat efektivitas kinerja dalam UMKM tersebut. Supaya bisa menjadi tolak ukur maupun penetuan arah kebijakan kedepanya. Serta bisa memastikan bahwa semua faktor dalam usaha tersebut tidak menimbulkan pencemaran serta dampak sosial ekonomi bagi lingkungannya. Metode yang digunakan untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan pada penelitian ini mengunakan model Green Supply Chain Operations Refernece (Green SCOR. Model tersebut digunakan untuk menentukan kriteria serta tujuan sistem rantai pasok UMKM Batik Bakaran yang ramah lingkungan. Selain metode tersebut penelitian ini juga mengunakan metode Analitycal Hierarchy Process (AHP yang digunakan untuk menentukan Key performance Indikator (KPI yang mempengaruhi tingkat efektivitas kinerja UMKM Batik, serta dapat mengukur tingkat kinerja maupun proses kinerja dari masing masing kriteria tersebut. Sehingga akan menghasilkan tingkat efektivitas kinerja yang ramah lingkungan bagi UMKM Batik Bakaran. Model Green SCOR dan metode AHP mampu untuk menghubungkan semua kriteria kinerja yang ada. Kombinasi metode tersebut, terbukti mampu untuk memberikan penilaian tingkat efesiensi sebesar 65,4% dan profitability sebesar 34,6%. Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM merupakan kata kunci untuk meyakinkan bahwa semua faktor atau semua elemen dalam rantai pasokan memperhatikan lingkungannya atau tidak menimbulkan dampak berbahaya bagi lingkungan. Namun karena pengukuran dan penerapan GSCM yang begitu kompleks jadi tidak semua kriteria dapat diidentifikasi dan di hubungkan dengan

  15. PENGARUH LAMA PERENDAMAN TERHADAP EFISIENSI SEL SURYA TERSENSITISASI DYE DARI TINTA SOTONG DAN EKSTRAK TEH HITAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Choirul Umam

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Sel surya merupakan energy alternatif yang sangat berpotensi untuk dikembangkan. Salah satu jenis sel surya adalah sel surya organic yang menggunakan elektrolit sebagai medium transport muatan dan dye sebagai penyerap sinar matahari. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh variasi lama perendaman dalam dye hasil ekstraksi teh hitam dan tinta sotong terhadap efisiensi sel surya dan mengetahui efisiensi sel surya tersensitisasi dye dengan menggunakan kaca TCO. Pembuatan Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC diawali dengan menyiapkan elektroda yang dibuat dari nanokristal TiO2 yang dilapiskan pada substrat kaca konduktif, yang kemudian direndam dalam dye. Sedangkan elektroda lawan dibuat dengan cara melapiskan grafit pensil pada kaca konduktif. Sel surya dibentuk dengan struktur sandwich dimana dua substrat kaca konduktif mengapit komponen- komponen dari DSSC. Lama perendaman sel surya dalam dye mempengaruhi voltase dan arus keluaran. Daya dan efisiensi maksimum yang dihasilkan menggunakan dye teh hitam sebesar    8,85 x 10-8  W dan 8,5 x 10-3  %. Sedangkan daya dan efisiensi maksimum yang dihasilkan menggunakan dye tinta sotong sebesar 23,4 x 10-8 W dan 23,19 x 10-3 %.

  16. L'esprit de sel science, culture, politique

    CERN Document Server

    Lévy-Leblond, Jean-Marc

    1984-01-01

    L'esprit de sel. Activité de recherche, la science est-elle nécessairement productrice de connaissances ? Y a-t-il de nouvelles formes et normes du savoir ? Qu'est la science pour la science ? Activité intellectuelle. la science est-elle aussi une activité culturelle ? La science moderne est-elle dans la culture. est-elle une nouvelle culture - devrait-elle l'être ? Qu'est la science pour la culture ? Activité sociale. la science est liée de façon complexe aux structures économiques et à la conjoncture politique. Quel rôle joue-t-elle, quels conditionnements subit-elle ? Qu'est la science pour la politique ? Voici un ensemble de contributions pour aiguiser ces questions cruciales et décaper les idées reçues.

  17. WebSelF: A Web Scraping Framework

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jakob; Ernst, Erik; Brabrand, Claus

    2012-01-01

    We present, WebSelF, a framework for web scraping which models the process of web scraping and decomposes it into four conceptually independent, reusable, and composable constituents. We have validated our framework through a full parameterized implementation that is flexible enough to capture...... previous work on web scraping. We have experimentally evaluated our framework and implementation in an experiment that evaluated several qualitatively different web scraping constituents (including previous work and combinations hereof) on about 11,000 HTML pages on daily versions of 17 web sites over...... a period of more than one year. Our framework solves three concrete problems with current web scraping and our experimental results indicate that com- position of previous and our new techniques achieve a higher degree of accuracy, precision and specificity than existing techniques alone....

  18. SIMULASI PERHITUNGAN REFLEKSI CAHAYA OLEH PERMUKAAN SEL SURYA SILIKON : STUDI PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN LAPISAN ANTI REFLEKSI ZINC OKSIDA (ZnO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Suhandi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan simulasi perhitungan untuk mendapatkan gambaran pengaruh penambahan lapisan anti refleksi ZnO terhadap persen refleksi cahaya oleh permukaan sel surya Silikon. Proses perhitungan dilakukan dengan bantuan software Sigma Plot. Perhitungan menggunakan konsep-konsep dasar fisika terkait optika, diantaranya konsep refleksi dan transmisi gelombang cahaya ketika melewati bidang batas dua medium yang berbeda kerapatan optiknya, konsep polarisasi cahaya, dan konsep anti refleksi. Hasil simulasi perhitungan menunjukkan bahwa persen refleksi cahaya oleh permukaan sel surya silikon nilainya bergantung pada panjang gelombang cahaya datang (. Persen refleksi turun dari dari 38% ketika permukaan sel surya Silikon tidak dilapisi lapisan antirefleksi ZnO menjadi sekitar 15 % setelah permukaan sel surya silikon dilapisi lapisan ZnO dengan ketebalan sekitar 110 nm. Hasil lainnya menunjukkan bahwa persen refleksi cahaya oleh permukaan sel surya Silikon yang telah dilapisi lapisan anti refleksi ZnO nilainya bervariasi bergantung pada ketebalan lapisan anti refleksi yang digunakan. Dalam rentang data simulasi, ketika tebal lapisan anti refleksi ZnO ditingkatkan, persen refleksi cahaya oleh permukaan sel surya silikon nilainya turun, namun ketika ketebalan lapisan anti refleksi ditingkatkan lagi, ternyata persen refleksi cahaya oleh permukaan sel surya naik kembali. Keadaan ini menunjukkan adanya nilai ketebalan lapisan anti refleksi optimum yang menghasilkan persen refleksi cahaya oleh sel surya bernilai minimum. Penurunan persen refleksi cahaya oleh permukaan sel surya akan meningkatkan persen transmisi cahaya menuju lapisan aktif sel surya, yang pada akhirnya akan meningkatkan efisiensi konversi sel surya Silikon.

  19. Penerapan european foundation for quality management’s (efqm excellence model pada sistem pengukuran kinerja jurusan Teknik Mesin Universitas Udayana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Dwi Budiana Penindra

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Globalisasi merupakan fenomena yang tidak dapat dihindari dalam tata kehidupan kita dimana persaingan antar negara semakin terbuka terutama pada bidang sumber daya manusia. Untuk menghadapi keadaan tersebut maka perguruan tinggi diharapkan menjadi pusat penyelenggaraan dan pengembangan pendidikan tinggi yang menghasilkan manfaat dan meningkatkan mutu kehidupan bermasyarakat, berbangsa dan bernegara. Jurusan Teknik Mesin adalah salah satu jurusan yang telah mendapatkan akreditasi A dari BAN PT dimana saat ini baru 20% jurusan yang terakreditasi di lingkungan Unuversitas Udayana. Didalam meningkatkan kinerja perlu kiranya dirancang suatu sistem pengukuran kinerja yang terintegrasi dimana saat ini Jurusan Teknik Mesin belum memiliki sistem pengukuran kinerja yang baik. Dalam menyempurnakan sistem pengukuran kinerja yang telah ada, maka akan dilakukan Analisis, perancangan dan implementasi sistem pengukuran kinerja dengan European Foundation for Quality Management’s (EFQM Execellence Model dimana metode tersebut diintregasikan dengan beberapa metode yaitu Metode Objectives Matrix (OMAX, Integrated Performance Measurement Systems (IPMS, dan Analytical Hierarcy Process (AHP pada Jurusan Teknik Mesin Universitas Udayana. Langkah-langkah atau rincian dari metode penelitian yang diharapkan adalah mengikuti tahapan sebagai berikut : Pemilihan Metode Pengukuran Produktivitas, Jenis dan Metode Pengumpulan Data, Identifikasi Indikator-Indikator atau Kriteria Produktivitas yang Akan Diukur, Pemberian Bobot Dari Masing-Masing KPI Yang Diukur, Pengolahan Data Atau Pengukuran Kriteria Produktivitas, Evaluasi Produktivitas. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa Implementasi Sistem Pengukuran Kinerja dengan European Foundation for Quality Management’s (EFQM Execellence Model yang diintegrasikan Integrated Performance Measurement Systems (IPMS dan Metode Objectives Matrix (OMAX memiliki perbedaan pandangan pada penentuan stakeholder requirement

  20. Analisis Nilai Tambah Dan Penentuan Metrik Pengukuran Kinerja Rantai Pasok Pepaya Calina (Studi Kasus Di PT Sewu Segar Nusantara)

    OpenAIRE

    Rizqiah, Fatih; Slamet, Alim Setiawan

    2014-01-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis kondisi rantai pasok pepaya Calina, menganalisis nilai tambah yang dihasilkan oleh setiap anggota pada rantaipasokankomoditas pepaya Calina, dan mendesain metrik pengukurankinerja anggota rantai pasokan. Metode Hayami dan Analytic Network Process (ANP) merupakan metode yang digunakan untuk menghitung nilai tambah dan mendesain metrik pengukuran kinerja rantai pasok pepaya Calina. Nilai keuntungan yang diraih oleh mitra tani sebesar 57.74%. Sementara P...

  1. Korelasi pengukuran antropometri dengan tekanan darah dan angiotensinogen plasma pada dewasa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desmawati Desmawati

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Prevalensiobesitas makin lama makin meningkat. Obesitas berhubungan dengan peningkatankadar angiotensinogen (AGT plasma dan tekanan darah. Salah satu pengukuran statusgizi dengan antropometri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui korelasi pengukuranantropometri dengan tekanan darah dan kadar AGT plasma pada orang dewasa etnikMinangkabau.Sebanyak 75 subyek berusia 35 - 54 tahun di Padang diambil secara random. Seluruh subyekdiwawacara untuk mengetahui karakteristik dan tingkat aktivitas fisik. Pengukuran persentaselemak tubuh dan antropometri ( indeks massa tubuh /lMT dan lingkar pinggang / LP, tekanandarah dan pemriksaan kadar AGT plasma juga dilakukan. Data dianalisis menggunakan ujikorelasi.Rata - rata IMT subyek adalah 26.297 t 4.03 kglm2. Sebanyak 92.1% subyek mempunyai LPlebih besar dari normal. Rata-rata tekanan darah sistolik adalah 145.47 r 19.40 dan tekanandarah diastolik 87.33 t 8.75 mmHg. Rerata kadarAGTplasma adalah 79.4d0 xfi.Ag ng/mL.tidak terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara IMT dan tekanan darah dan terdapat korelasiyang lemah dengan kadarAGT plasma (r=0.291, p=0.011. LP mempunyai korelasi lemahdengan tekanan darah sistolik (r=0.298, p=0.009, dengan TDD (r=0.298, p=6.999, dan jugadengan kadar AGT plasm a (r=0.347 , p=0.002.These result show a moderate correlation between BMI with plasma AGT levels in adultMinangkabau ethnic group. There is also a weak correlation between WC with BP and plasmaAGT levels.AbstrackPrevalence of obesity increased and related with increased of pasma angiotensinogen (AGTlevels and blood pressure. This study aimed to determine the correlation of antropometric withblood pressure (BP and plasma AGT levels in adult Minangkabau ethnic.Seventy five adult, 35-54 years old, in Padang were enrolled randomely. All subjects wereinterviewed to determine the characteristics and physicai activity. Body fat percentagemeasurement, anthropometric (body mass inde/BMl and wrist circumference/ WC, bloodpressure and

  2. APLIKASI ANALYTIC NETWORK PROCESS (ANP PADA PERANCANGAN SISTEM PENGUKURAN KINERJA (Studi Kasus pada PT. X

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwan Vanany

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the application of Analytic Network Process (ANP to support the weighted of design performance measurement system with Balanced Scorecard method. During the time, the weighted uses method that disregarding interdependence between objectives strategy and Key Performance Indicator (KPI's. The method which often used in this weighted is Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. In fact this condition does not express the concept of strategy map of Balanced Scorecard. Therefore is needed apply the other weighted method which attention to the interdependence between Key Performance Indicator (KPI. Application of the weighted with ANP method is conducted at one of the power company. This company represents result of restructuring of PT. PLN (Persero. The result of design performance measurement system of PT. X are objective strategy, Key Performance Indicator (KPI and strategy map, will be weighted by method of ANP. Further more Modeling of ANP based on strategy map. The result of application indicates that related of model of strategy map in Balanced Scorecard at PT. X is Feedback Network (hiernet with phenomenon of inner and dependence of outer dependence. The perspective on Balanced Scorecard is identically with cluster on ANP, while objective strategy and KPI are identically with sub-element and element. Result of weighted with ANP method shows the existence of culmination of weighted on financial perspective of Strategy Map at PT. X. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Makalah ini membahas aplikasi Analytic Network Process (ANP untuk mendukung pembobotan pada perancangan sistem pengukuran kinerja dengan metode Balanced Scorecard. Selama ini, pembobotan yang ada menggunakan metode yang mengabaikan saling keterkaitan antar strategi objektif dengan Key Performance Indicator (KPI-KPI -nya. Metode yang sering digunakan didalam pembobotan ini adalah Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. Kondisi ini sebenarnya tidak mencerminkan konsep Strategy Map

  3. Judokas Indrek Pertelson rajab veel sel aastal kaks spordikeskust / Merike Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Merike

    2005-01-01

    Tippspordiga lõpparve teinud judoka Indrek Pertelson avab veel sel aastal Tallinnas kaks perespordikeskust, kus peale idamaiste võitlusviiside harrastamise saab ka tervist kontrollida ja jõudu taastada

  4. Valitsus sel korral sügisest majandusennustust ei tee / Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2009-01-01

    Rahandusministeeriumi osakonnajuhataja Andrus Sääliku selgitusel on sügisese majandusprognoosi edasilükkamise taga EL-i otsus lükata sel aastal stabiilsus- ja konvergentsiprogrammide raportite esitamine kaks kuud edasi. Diagramm

  5. Esimene Teater Ö(ö)sel festival läks korda / Merje Pors

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pors, Merje

    2006-01-01

    15.-16. juulil Kuressaares ja Saare maakonnas toimunud Läänemere saari ühendavast festivalist "Teater Ö(ö)sel". Festivalist võtsid osa Rügeni, Alandi, Gotlandi, Hiiumaa ja Saaremaa teatritrupid

  6. Uudised : Tormisega Amsterdamis. AS Ösel toetab Voices of Europe'i kontserti / Ingrid Peek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peek, Ingrid

    2000-01-01

    15. aug. dirigeeris E. Klas Amsterdami Concertgebouws V. Tormise "Avamängu nr. 2". AS Ösel toetab 100 000 krooniga 1. sept. toimuvat kontserti, kus tuleb ettekandele A. Pärdi uudisteos "which was the son of"

  7. PENGUKURAN KADAR AIR AGREGAT DAN BETON SEGAR DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN MICROWAVE OVEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Handoko Sugiharto

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The conventional method of water content measurement of aggregate and fresh concrete need along time to perform. As an alternative the use of microwave oven is explored in this research. The microwave oven used has 900 watt power and equiped with a turn table. Nine (9 type of aggregate consist of five (5 type of fine aggregate and four (4 type of coarse aggregate with varions water absorbsion value, are unvestigated. The rater contents measured is then compared with the once obtained using conventional oven. Four (4 type of mix using aggegate with varions water absorbsion values. Water content used for the fresh concrete mix is 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7. The test results show that this method can beused to measure water content of fine and coarse aggregate regardless of the water absorbsion values of the aggregates. For fine aggregate nine (9 minutes drying time is needed to get 100% accuracy while for coarse aggregate 11 minutes with 96% accuracy. For fresh concrete using aggregate with less than 5% absorbsion value 18 minutes is neede to get 98% accuracy, while for aggregate with 40% absorbsion value 35 minutes is needed to get 80% accuracy. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Pengukuran kadar air pada agregat dan beton segar dengan metode konvensional memerlukan waktu yang cukup lama, maka dilakukan penelitian penggunaan microwave oven sebagai metode alternatifnya. Microwave oven yang digunakan mempunyai daya 900 watt dan dilengkapi dengan piring putar. Dilakukan penelitian terhadap 9 tipe agregat (5 jenis agregat halus dan 4 jenis agregat kasar dengan berbagai nilai absorpsi. Sedangkan untuk beton segar dibuat 4 macam campuran dengan berbagai nilai absorpsi agregat. Faktor air-semen yang digunakan adalah 0.3, 0.5 dan 0.7. Hasil pengukuran kadar airnya dengan microwave oven dibandingkan terhadap oven standard. Hasil tes yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa metode ini dapat digunakan untuk mengukur kadar air agregat halus dan kasar dengan tidak tergantung pada

  8. Evaluación de mezclas biodiésel-diésel en la generación de energía eléctrica

    OpenAIRE

    Rojas-González, Andrés; Chaparro-Anaya, Óscar; Ospina, Carlos Andrés

    2011-01-01

    En este artículo se muestra el efecto de tres diferentes biodieseles mezclados con diésel en el funcionamiento de una planta de generación de energía eléctrica que simula el consumo eléctrico de una vivienda pequeña. En la planta se realizaron pruebas a diferentes cargas, para evaluar el consumo específico de combustible (CEC) y emisiones gaseosas (CO, CO2, O2 y otros gases). Se utilizó biodiésel de aceite de higuerilla (H), aceite de fritura usado (AFU) y aceite de palma (P), mezclados con p...

  9. ANALISIS PENGUKURAN KINERJA PENGADAAN MENGGUNAKAN METODE SINK’S SEVEN PERFORMANCE CRITERIA (Studi Kasus di Universitas Diponegoro Semarang Tahun 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purnawan Adi Wicaksono

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Pengukuran kinerja pengadaan di Universitas Diponegoro telah dilakukan dengan melihat segi financial. Pengukuran secara finansial memiliki kelemahan yaitu tidak dapat menjelaskan apakah dengan penyerapan anggaran yang semakin besar maka akan semakin baik efisiensi dan kinerjanya. Ukuran kinerja lain yang penting seperti ketepatan waktu pengiriman barang, kecocokan spesifikasi dan jumlah barang, hingga tujuan dan keinginan pengguna apakah sesuai atau tidak, belum terukur dengan jelas. Pengukuran kinerja pengadaan akan dilakukan menggunakan model Sink’s Seven Performance Criteria, yaitu model pengukuran kinerja yang menggambarkan suatu sistem manajemen sebagai suatu mekanisme untuk membangun siklus perbaikan yang lebih efektif. Hasil perancangan pengukuran kinerja terdiri dari 6 kriteria dengan urutan prioritas sebagai berikut: kriteria Kualitas (31%, kriteria Efisiensi (17.2%, kriteria Efektivitas (17.2%, kriteria Kualitas Kehidupan Kerja (13.8%, kriteria Budgetabilitas (11.6%, dan kriteria Inovasi (9.2%. Dari keenam kriteria kinerja tersebut, diperoleh rancangan akhir 32 KPI yang berisi: 17 KPI Kuantitatif dan 15 KPI Kualitatif. Berdasarkan hasil pengukuran kinerja dengan Objective Matrix dan Traffic Light System, menunjukkan bahwa kinerja pengadaan tahun 2007 adalah sebesar 4.564 yang berada dalam kategori warna kuning yang berarti pencapaian kinerjanya ini sudah cukup baik meskipun nilainya mendekati kategori buruk, sehingga masih perlu ditingkatkan lagi. Dari hasil analisis Importance – Performance Matrix, diperoleh indikator-indikator yang berada dalam zona penting tetapi ternyata kinerjanya masih rendah. Indikator tersebut adalah Efisiensi waktu, Efisiensi jumlah personil, Pemborosan waktu, Pemborosan personil, Jumlah lelang gagal/lelang ulang, Jumlah keluhan pengguna, Jumlah penyedia ingkar kontrak, dan Inovasi proses. Oleh karena itu rekomendasi diutamakan untuk indikator-indikator di atas. Kata Kunci: Pengukuran kinerja Pengadaan

  10. Pembangunan Aplikasi Perhitungan Honor dan Pengukuran Kinerja Asisten Praktikum Berbasis SaaS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitri Susanti

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Bagi suatu perguruan tinggi, kegiatan praktikum sangat penting untuk mendukung pembelajaran di kelas. Beberapa masalah yang muncul dalam pengelolaan kegiatan praktikum seperti keterlambatan pengumpulan berita acara praktikum (BAP sehingga memperlambat perhitungan, pembayaran dan pelaporan honor asprak. Dibutuhkan waktu sekitar dua minggu untuk rekapitulasi dan validasi ratusan lembar BAP yang telah terkumpul setiap bulannya. Dibutuhkan pengolahan data lebih lanjut untuk menilai kinerja asprak berdasarkan data BAP. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan di atas maka dibangun aplikasi perhitungan honor dan kinerja asprak. Aplikasi ini digunakan untuk mengelola data BAP, perhitungan dan pelaporan honor, perhitungan nilai transkrip aktivitas kemahasiswaan (TAK dan pencetakan sertifikat asprak. Keterbatasan SDM atau biaya menyebabkan tidak semua perguruan tinggi dapat langsung membuat aplikasi yang dibutuhkan. Oleh karena itu aplikasi ini dibangun berbasis Software as A Service (SaaS. Aplikasi ini dikembangkan dengan metode analisis perancangan terstruktur dengan model waterfall. Pengumpulan data kebutuhan aplikasi dilakukan dengan survey ke fakultas-fakultas di Universitas Telkom. Hasilnya dianalisis dan dikembangkan menjadi rancangan aplikasi. Aplikasi diimplementasikan pada pemrograman PHP. Pengujian dilakukan dengan metode black box testing. Hasilnya berupa aplikasi SaaS untuk perhitungan honor dan pengukuran kinerja asisten praktikum. Perguruan tinggi pengguna aplikasi SaaS ini dapat melakukan kostumisasi terhadap fitur yang ada sesuai dengan kebutuhan.

  11. The maturing of the quality improvement paradigm in the SEL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basili, Victor R.

    1993-01-01

    The Software Engineering Laboratory uses a paradigm for improving the software process and product, called the quality improvement paradigm. This paradigm has evolved over the past 18 years, along with our software development processes and product. Since 1976, when we first began the SEL, we have learned a great deal about improving the software process and product, making a great many mistakes along the way. Quality improvement paradigm, as it is currently defined, can be broken up into six steps: characterize the current project and its environment with respect to the appropriate models and metrics; set the quantifiable goals for successful project performance and improvement; choose the appropriate process model and supporting methods and tools for this project; execute the processes, construct the products, and collect, validate, and analyze the data to provide real-time feedback for corrective action; analyze the data to evaluate the current practices, determine problems, record findings, and make recommendations for future project improvements; and package the experience gained in the form of updated and refined models and other forms of structured knowledge gained from this and prior projects and save it in an experience base to be reused on future projects.

  12. PEMBENTUKAN SEL-SEL MESIN UNTUK MENDAPATKAN PENGURANGAN JARAK DAN BIAYA MATERIAL HANDLING DENGAN METODE HEURISTIK DI PT. BENGKEL COKRO BERSAUDARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Purwanggono

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Tata letak pabrik dapat didefinisikan sebagai tata cara pengaturan fasilitas-fasilitas pabrik dengan memanfaatkan luas seoptimal mungkin guna menunjang kelancaran proses produksi. Tata letak fasilitas pada PT. Cokro Bersaudara diatur berdasarkan process layout dimana segala jenis mesin / fasilitas produksi lainnya yang memiliki tipe atau jenis yang sama ditempatkan dalam satu tempat. Dengan layout seperti itu perusahaan memperoleh keuntungan berupa fleksibilitas dalam memproduksi produk yang memiliki tingkat variasi yang tinggi, namun sebagai akibatnya perusahaan menghadapi permasalahan berupa tingginya kebutuhan material handling. Cellular Manufacturing System adalah aplikasi dari Group Technology yang merupakan metode pengaturan fasilitas-fasilitas produksi yang dibutuhkan untuk memproses suatu part family tertentu kedalam sel manufaktur. Dengan menerapkan Cellular Manufacturing System dapat diketahui pengurangan jarak antar mesin dan biaya material handling. Berdasarkan pengolahan data menggunakan algoritma heuristik yaitu Bond Energy Algorithm (BEA, Rank Order Clustering (ROC, dan Rank Order Clustering 2 (ROC 2 disimpulkan bahwa metode terpilih adalah metode BEA, dengan mengelompokkan 6 mesin (M dan 6 komponen (P kedalam 2 sel manufaktur, dimana sel 1 (M4, M6, M1, M2, P2, P5, P6, P1 dan sel 2 (M4, M6, M1, M3, M5, P3, P4. Dengan perubahan layout ini didapatkan pengurangan total jarak material handling sebesar 428,06 meter dan pengurangan biaya material handling sebesar Rp. 2.111.316,058 / bulan Kata Kunci : Cellular Manufacturing System, Algoritma Heuristik, Gorup Technology

  13. ANALISIS PEMBELAJARAN DAN LITERASI MATEMATIKA SERTA KARAKTER SISWA MATERI GEOMETRI DAN PENGUKURAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dessy Eka Jayanti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakSecara umum tujuan penelitian ini dideskripsikannya proses pembelajaran dankemampuan literasi matematika serta karakter siswa pada materi geometri danpengukuran menggunakan analisis POAC. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitiankualitatif. Bentukpendekatanpenelitian yangdigunakan adalah pendekatandeskriptif.Pengumpulandata dilakukan denganangket, observasi,wawancara,dadokumentasi.Sumberdata utama adalah gurumatematika dan siswa.Keabsahandatayangdigunakan dalampenelitian inidenganmenggunakan uji credibility,ujitransferability,ujidependability,uji dependability,dan uji confirmability.Hasilpenelitianyangdidapatkan bahwaproses pembelajarandankemampuanliterasimatematikasertakarakter siswapada materi geometridan pengukuran kelasVIIISMPN 1 TulismenggunakananalisisPOACtelah dilakukanberdasarkananalisisPOAC.Prosespembelajaranmatematika diidentifikasiberdasarkanprosespengajarandanprosesbelajar.Kemampuanliterasi matematikasiswarendah karenahanyamencapailevel4.AbstractThe general research questions in this study how the learning process and maths literacy skillsas well as the character of  the students on the geometry material and the measurement usingPOAC analysis. Generally this study’s aim are described the learning process and mathematicsliteracyskillsas well as the characterof the students on the geometry material and themesurement of  eight class of  Junior High School 1 Tulis using POAC analysis. This is a kindof  qualifative sudy. The form of  study approached were used descriptive observation, interviews,and documentation. Themain data source were mathematics teachersand students.Thevalidity data was used by using thetest of credibility. The test used in this study wereTesof  transferability, test of  dependabrility, and test of  confirmability. The result of  the studythat the learning process and maths literacy skills as well as the character of  the students onthe geometry material and the measurement of  the eight class

  14. Le commerce des sels de Guérande (xviie-xviiie siècles)

    OpenAIRE

    Buron, Gildas

    2015-01-01

    Depuis les travaux de Michel Mollat, Henri Touchard, Jean Tanguy et Jean Meyer touchant au sel et aux marais salants du pays de Guérande, l’historien en est resté à l’idée que la production salicole guérandaise n’avait connu, aux Temps modernes, de débouchés que régionaux, vers la Bretagne intérieure par le biais de la troque effectuée par les gens du marais. L’enquête en cours montre que les sels de Guérande, certes peu présents dans le grand commerce international du sel de la Baie du xive ...

  15. SEL2 servicing: increased science return via on-orbit propellant replenishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Benjamin B.; DeWeese, Keith; Kienlen, Michael; Aranyos, Thomas; Pellegrino, Joseph; Bacon, Charles; Qureshi, Atif

    2016-07-01

    Spacecraft designers are driving observatories to the distant Sun-Earth Lagrange Point 2 (SEL2) to meet ever-increasing science requirements. The mass fraction dedicated to propellant for these observatories to reach and operate at SEL2 will be allocated with the upmost care, as it comes at the expense of optics and instrument masses. As such, these observatories could benefit from on-orbit refueling, allowing greater dry-to-wet mass ratio at launch and/or longer mission life. NASA is developing technologies, capabilities and integrated mission designs for multiple servicing applications in low Earth orbit (LEO), geosynchronous Earth orbit (GEO) and cisluner locations. Restore-L, a mission officially in formulation, will launch a free-flying robotic servicer to refuel a government-owned satellite in LEO by mid 2020. This paper will detail the results of a point design mission study to extend Restore-L servicing technologies from LEO to SEL2. This SEL2 mission would launch an autonomous, robotic servicer spacecraft equipped to extend the life of two space assets through refueling. Two space platforms were chosen to 1) drive the requirements for achieving SEL2 orbit and rendezvous with a spacecraft, and 2) to drive the requirements to translate within SEL2 to conduct a follow-on servicing mission. Two fuels, xenon and hydrazine, were selected to assess a multiple delivery system. This paper will address key mission drivers, such as servicer autonomy (necessitated due to communications latency at L2). Also discussed will be the value of adding cooperative servicing elements to the client observatories to reduce mission risk.

  16. PENGUKURAN KUALITAS LAYANAN DENGAN HIGHER EDUCATION PERFORMANCE (HEdPERF DAN HIGHER EDUCATION SERVICE QUALITY (HiEdQUAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ika Widya Ardhyani

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Kualitas layanan merupakan kunci sukses dalam pemasaran dan bisnis strategi. Peningkatan kualitas layanan terhadap perguruan tinggi merupakan hal yang perlu mendapatkan prioritas, karena kualitas layanan berhubungan erat dengan peningkatan keuntungan kompetitif. UMAHA merupakan universitas swasta di Sidoarjo. Sejak didirikan tahun 1998 hingga 2015 animo masyarakat terhadap UMAHA terus mengalami peningkatan hal ini ditunjukkan dengan semakin meningkatnya jumlah mahasiswa yang mendaftar. Namun disisi lain masih terjadi keluhan-keluhan terhadap pelayanan akademik. Berdasarkan hal tersebut, maka pengukuran kualitas layanan pendidikan yang akurat sangat penting dilakukan untuk mendapatkan gambaran yang lebih baik dan menjadi pedoman dalam melakukan suatu perbaikan. Item-item dalam penelitian ini diadaptasi dari instrumen HEdPERF dan HiEdQUAL. Pengukuran kualitas layanan dalam penelitian ini akan dilakukan dengan responden dosen, staf administrasi dan mahasiswa sebagai pelanggan perguruan tinggi. Kuesioner digunakan untuk memperoleh data, berupa harapan dan persepsi. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah cluster sampling. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji validitas dan uji reliabilitas. Kualitas layanan akan di ukur dengan menggunakan model diskonfirmasi SERVQUAL, yang mendefinisikan kualitas dalam hal perbedaan yang muncul antara harapan pelanggan dan persepsi layanan yang sebenarnya. Hasil perhitungan skor SERVQUAL untuk ketiga responden, menunjukkan masing-masing item belum dapat memenuhi harapan pelanggan. Hal ini ditunjukkan dengan hasil perhitungan semua item yang bernilai negatif.

  17. PERANCANGAN DAN IMPLEMENTASI SISTEM PENGUKURAN KINERJA DENGAN METODE INTEGRATED PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS (Studi Kasus: Jurusan Teknik Mesin Universitas Mataram

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Syairuddin

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available To assure the quality of education in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, we need to design an integrated performance measurement system. For that purpose, we used the IPMS (Integrated Performance Measurement Systems method. Using the IPMS method, Key Performance Indicators (KPIs of the Department of Mechanical Engineering were determined by pursuant to stakeholder requirement through four steps. Those are identifying the stakeholder requirement, external monitor, stipulating objectives, and identification of KPIs. Performance measurement system with the IPMS method in the Department of Mechanical Engineering of Mataram University can be identified into 38 KPIs grouped in 9 criterias of performance of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, that are curriculum, student, financial, human resources, administration academic, teaching and learning, alumnus, evaluation and operation, and external party. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Untuk menjamin kualitas pendidikan di Jurusan Teknik Mesin, diperlukan sebuah rancangan sistem pengukuran kinerja (SPK yang terintegrasi dengan metode IPMS (Integrated Performance Measurement Systems. Dengan metode IPMS, Key Performance Indicators (KPI Jurusan Teknik Mesin ditentukan berdasarkan stakeholder requirement melalui empat tahapan yaitu; identifikasi stakeholder requirement, external monitor, penetapan objectives, dan identifikasi KPIs. Hasil perancangan SPK di Jurusan Teknik Mesin Universitas Mataram, dapat mengidentifikasi 38 KPIs yang dikelompokkan dalam 9 kriteria kinerja Jurusan Teknik Mesin, yaitu; kurikulum, mahasiswa, finansial, SDM, administrasi akademik, proses pembelajaran, alumni, evaluasi dan pengendalian, dan external party. Kata Kunci : Sistem Pengukuran Kinerja, IPMS, Teknik Mesin Unram.

  18. EFEK VITAMIN C DALAM MEDIUM DMEM TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN SEL PARU-PARU FETUS HAMSTER SECARA IN VITRO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ema Kurnia W,

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui efek vitamin C dalam medium DMEM terhadap pertumbuhan sel paru-paru fetus hamster secara in vitro dan untuk mengetahui pada konsentrasi berapakah vitamin C dalam medium DMEM yang berpengaruh paling efektif terhadap pertumbuhan sel paru-paru fetus hamster secara in vitro. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental dengan 6 perlakuan dan 2 ulangan. Masing-masing perlakuan tersebut adalah vitamin C dengan konsentrasi 0mM (kontrol, 5mM, 10mM, 15mM, 20mM, dan 25mM. Vitamin C dengan berbagai konsentrasi tersebut ditambahkan ke dalam medium DMEM dan selanjutnya digunakan untuk menumbuhkan sel paru-paru fetus hamster. Sel paru-paru fetus hamster diisolasi dari fetus hamster berumur 2 hari, ditumbuhkan dalam medium DMEM yang sudah ditambah dengan vitamin C dengan berbagai konsentrasi dan diinkubasi dalam inkubator CO2 5% pada suhu 370C selama beberapa hari sampai biakan sel-sel tersebut konfluen. Setelah konfluenbiakan sel diamati persentase konfluen, viabilitas dan abnormalitas sel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa vitamin C dengan konsentrasi 0mM (kontrol, 5mM, 10mM, 15mM, 20mM, dan 25mM dalam medium DMEM mampu menghasilkan persentase konfluen berturut-turut 50%, 65%, 72.5%, 82.5%, 87.5%, dan 92.5% dan persentase viabilitas sel sebesar 89%, 94.5%, 94%, 93%, 94%, dan 96.5%. Sedangkan konsentrasi vitamin C yang efektif terhadap pertumbuhan sel paru-paru fetus hamster secara in vitro adalah konsentrasi 25mM.

  19. PENGUKURAN KINERJA ROUND-ROBIN SCHEDULER UNTUK LINUX VIRTUAL SERVER PADA KASUS WEB SERVER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Royyana Muslim Ijtihadie

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Dengan meningkatnya perkembangan jumlah pengguna internet dan mulai diadopsinya penggunaan internet dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, maka lalulintas data di Internet telah meningkat secara signifikan. Sejalan dengan itu pula beban kerja server-server yang memberikan service di Internet juga mengalami kenaikan yang cukup signifikan. Hal tersebut dapat mengakibatkan suatu server mengalami kelebihan beban pada suatu saat. Untuk mengatasi hal tersebut maka diterapkan skema konfigurasi server cluster menggunakan konsep load balancing. Load balancing server menerapkan algoritma dalam melakukan pembagian tugas. Algoritma round robin telah digunakan pada Linux Virtual Server. Penelitian ini melakukan pengukuran kinerja terhadap Linux Virtual Server yang menggunakan algoritma round robin untuk melakukan penjadwalan pembagian beban terhadap server. Penelitian ini mengukur performa dari sisi client yang mencoba mengakses web server.performa yang diukur adalah jumlah request yang bisa diselesaikan perdetik (request per second, waktu untuk menyelesaikan per satu request, dan   throughput yang dihasilkan. Dari hasil percobaan didapatkan bahwa penggunaan LVS bisa meningkatkan performa, yaitu menaikkan jumlah request per detik

  20. Ravimiturg peaks ka sel aastal jõudsalt kasvama / Violetta Riidas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riidas, Violetta

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Äripäev 30. apr. lk. 16. Eelmise aasta ravimituru kasv jätkub tõenäoliselt ka sel aastal, kuna negatiivne riigieelarve ravimihüvitisi ei kärbi. Vt. samas: Võrdlus: Ravimituru jaotus haiglaapteekide ning teiste asutuste vahel peamiste ATC rühmade lõikes, 2007

  1. 200 varju uurib sel nädalal tudengielu / Agne Narusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Narusk, Agne, 1971-

    2010-01-01

    Sel nädalal toimub Tallinna Ülikoolis ning TLÜ Rakvere ja Haapsalu kolledžites tudengivarju nädal, mis pakub abiturientidele võimaluse osaleda ühe päeva vältel end huvitava eriala õppetöös

  2. Ansip : uus valitsus tuleb sel nädalal / Anneli Ammas, Jaanus Piirsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ammas, Anneli, 1962-

    2005-01-01

    Reformierakonna esimees Andrus Ansip on seisukohal, et kokkulepped valitsuse moodustamiseks sõlmitakse sel nädalal, Riigikogu juhatuse valimised näitasid, et ratsionaalseteks kokkulepeteks ollakse valmis. Peale A. Ansipi on teine võimalik peaministrikandidaat Villu Reiljan. Lisa: Erakondade positsioonid kõnelustel

  3. Testing Causal Impacts of a School-Based SEL Intervention Using Instrumental Variable Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrente, Catalina; Nathanson, Lori; Rivers, Susan; Brackett, Marc

    2015-01-01

    Children's social-emotional skills, such as conflict resolution and emotion regulation, have been linked to a number of highly regarded academic and social outcomes. The current study presents preliminary results from a causal test of the theory of change of RULER, a universal school-based approach to social and emotional learning (SEL).…

  4. SEL/Project Language. Level II, Kindergarten, Volume II (Lessons 17-32).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valladares, Ann E.; And Others

    This curriculum guide contains the Southeastern Education Laboratory/Project Language Lessons 17-32 stressing listening, speaking, and reading readiness for disadvantaged kindergarten children. The lessons are designed to be used in the SEL's mobile preschool units or as readiness materials for kindergarten. The major emphasis of this intervention…

  5. Selection Finder (SelFi: A computational metabolic engineering tool to enable directed evolution of enzymes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neda Hassanpour

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Directed evolution of enzymes consists of an iterative process of creating mutant libraries and choosing desired phenotypes through screening or selection until the enzymatic activity reaches a desired goal. The biggest challenge in directed enzyme evolution is identifying high-throughput screens or selections to isolate the variant(s with the desired property. We present in this paper a computational metabolic engineering framework, Selection Finder (SelFi, to construct a selection pathway from a desired enzymatic product to a cellular host and to couple the pathway with cell survival. We applied SelFi to construct selection pathways for four enzymes and their desired enzymatic products xylitol, D-ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate, methanol, and aniline. Two of the selection pathways identified by SelFi were previously experimentally validated for engineering Xylose Reductase and RuBisCO. Importantly, SelFi advances directed evolution of enzymes as there is currently no known generalized strategies or computational techniques for identifying high-throughput selections for engineering enzymes.

  6. Studi Kasus; “Koreksi terhadap Pengukuran Polutan di Udara Unit Perajin Logam dan Dampaknya terhadap Kesehatan”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Husaini Husaini

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstractUnderstanding on the reaction of various air pollutants until today continues to grow, even it is hard to find information about the results of the reaction of various air pollutants standard. The aim of the research was to analyze and to correct of the the various air pollutants as well as to determine the health impact of blacksmith in 2014. The samples consisted of 38 blacksmith from 38 working units in Hulu Sungai Selatan of South Kalimantan. Analytical approach of the examination of air pollutants, blood samples and pulmonary functions of selected workers was applied in this study. The results showed a decrease in lung function and abnormalization workers immune response, as a result of exposure to various air pollutants. It is very difficult to determine and predict the causality of air pollution and health impact since there must be various factors contributing to the the health impact. because it is caused by pollutants singly or may be caused from the various reactions of these pollutants, for that, the correction need on the measurement and analysis of air pollutants that made so far, including its impact on the human body. The benefit of this research as a form of correction to use the Threshold Limit Value (TLV and measurement of air pollutants, including the impact of the target organ in the human body.Keywords : Measurements correction, pollutants, lung function, immune response.AbstrakPemahaman reaksi berbagai polutan di udara sampai saat ini terus berkembang, bahkan hampir tidak ditemukan informasi tentang standar hasil reaksi berbagai polutan di udara. Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis dan koreksi pengukuran berbagai polutan di udara serta dampaknya terhadap kesehatan perajin logam. Studi kasus dilakukan pada 38 perajin logam serta 38 unit kerjanya di Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Selatan Kalimantan Selatan tahun 2013 dengan pendekatan observational analitik beserta pengambilan contoh polutan di udara dan pengambilan sampel

  7. Evaluación de mezclas biodiésel-diésel en la generación de energía eléctrica

    OpenAIRE

    Rojas González, Andrés; Chaparro Anaya, Óscar; Ospina, Carlos Andrés

    2012-01-01

    En este artículo se muestra el efecto de tres diferentes biodieseles mezclados con diésel en el funcionamiento de una planta de generación de energía eléctrica que simula el consumo eléctrico de una vivienda pequeña. En la planta se realizaron pruebas a diferentes cargas, para evaluar el consumo específico de combustible (CEC) y emisiones gaseosas (CO, CO2, O2 y otros gases). Se utilizó biodiesel de aceite de higuerilla (H), aceite de fritura usado (AFU) y aceite de palma (P), mezclados con p...

  8. Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) data base reporting software user's guide and system description. Volume 1: Introduction and user's guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    Reporting software programs provide formatted listings and summary reports of the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) data base contents. The operating procedures and system information for 18 different reporting software programs are described. Sample output reports from each program are provided.

  9. ORELA data acquisition system hardware. Vol. 5. SEL 810B/PDP-4/PDP-9 intercomputer link

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reynolds, J.W.; Holladay, J.H.

    1977-01-01

    A report is given describing the IOT assignments and programming for the PDP-4 and PDP-9, the ground isolation wiring, the connector pin assignments, a simplified theory of operation for the SEL 810B link interface, a detailed theory of operation for the link interfaces at the PDP-4 and the PDP-9, and the use of the PDP-4 and PDP-9 link interfaces as an input to the SEL 810B Four-Channel Priority Multiplexer

  10. Thermodynamics of the GTP-GDP-operated conformational switch of selenocysteine-specific translation factor SelB.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paleskava, Alena; Konevega, Andrey L; Rodnina, Marina V

    2012-08-10

    SelB is a specialized translation factor that binds GTP and GDP and delivers selenocysteyl-tRNA (Sec-tRNA(Sec)) to the ribosome. By analogy to elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu), SelB is expected to control the delivery and release of Sec-tRNA(Sec) to the ribosome by the structural switch between GTP- and GDP-bound conformations. However, crystal structures of SelB suggested a similar domain arrangement in the apo form and GDP- and GTP-bound forms of the factor, raising the question of how SelB can fulfill its delivery function. Here, we studied the thermodynamics of guanine nucleotide binding to SelB by isothermal titration calorimetry in the temperature range between 10 and 25 °C using GTP, GDP, and two nonhydrolyzable GTP analogs, guanosine 5'-O-(γ-thio)triphosphate (GTPγS) and guanosine 5'-(β,γ-imido)-triphosphate (GDPNP). The binding of SelB to either guanine nucleotide is characterized by a large heat capacity change (-621, -467, -235, and -275 cal × mol(-1) × K(-1), with GTP, GTPγS, GDPNP, and GDP, respectively), associated with compensatory changes in binding entropy and enthalpy. Changes in heat capacity indicate a large decrease of the solvent-accessible surface area in SelB, amounting to 43 or 32 amino acids buried upon binding of GTP or GTPγS, respectively, and 15-19 amino acids upon binding GDP or GDPNP. The similarity of the GTP and GDP forms in the crystal structures can be attributed to the use of GDPNP, which appears to induce a structure of SelB that is more similar to the GDP than to the GTP-bound form.

  11. Mice deficient for ERAD machinery component Sel1L develop central diabetes insipidus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bichet, Daniel G; Lussier, Yoann

    2017-10-02

    Deficiency of the antidiuretic hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP) underlies diabetes insipidus, which is characterized by the excretion of abnormally large volumes of dilute urine and persistent thirst. In this issue of the JCI, Shi et al. report that Sel1L-Hrd1 ER-associated degradation (ERAD) is responsible for the clearance of misfolded pro-arginine vasopressin (proAVP) in the ER. Additionally, mice with Sel1L deficiency, either globally or specifically within AVP-expressing neurons, developed central diabetes insipidus. The results of this study demonstrate a role for ERAD in neuroendocrine cells and serve as a clinical example of the effect of misfolded ER proteins retrotranslocated through the membrane into the cytosol, where they are polyubiquitinated, extracted from the ER membrane, and degraded by the proteasome. Moreover, proAVP misfolding in hereditary central diabetes insipidus likely shares common physiopathological mechanisms with proinsulin misfolding in hereditary diabetes mellitus of youth.

  12. PENGUKURAN KADAR NATRIUM ALGINAT DARI ALGA COKELAT SPESIES Sargassum sp. SEBAGAI BAHAN DASAR PEMBUATAN BAHAN CETAK KEDOKTERAN GIGI (IRREVERSIBLE HYDROCOLLOID/DENTAL IMPRESSION MATERIAL)

    OpenAIRE

    MUTMAINNAH SUNAR, SITI

    2016-01-01

    2015 Pengukuran Kadar Natrium Alginate dari Alga Cokelat Spesies Sargassum sp. sebagai Bahan Dasar Pembuatan Bahan Cetak Kedokteran Gigi (Irreversible Hydrocolloid/Dental Impression Material) Siti Mutmainnah Sunar Abstrak Latar belakang : Irreversible hydrocolloid merupakan bahan cetak yang relatif sering digunakan di bidang kedokteran gigi. Namun, bahan baku dari bahan cetak ini masih diimpor dari luar negeri. Natrium alginate sebagai bahan baku masih menggunakan ekstraksi alga c...

  13. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray crystallographic analysis of Aquifex aeolicus SelA, a bacterial selenocysteine synthase

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Itoh, Yuzuru; Sekine, Shun-ichi; Yokoyama, Shigeyuki

    2012-01-01

    The bacterial selenocysteine synthase SelA from Aquifex aeolicus was crystallized and the diffraction resolution was improved by lysine-residue methylation, truncation of N-terminal region (ΔN), and Lys-to-Ala point mutations. Phases were determined by using a selenomethionine-substituted crystal of the ΔN mutant. Selenocysteine (Sec), the 21st amino acid, is synthesized on its specific tRNA (tRNA Sec ) via a multi-step process. In bacteria, tRNA Sec is ligated first with serine by seryl-tRNA synthetase, which is followed by Ser-to-Sec conversion by Sec synthase (SelA). To elucidate its structure and catalytic mechanism, Aquifex aeolicus SelA was crystallized. Although wild-type SelA crystals diffracted X-rays poorly (to up to 8 Å resolution), the resolution was improved by introducing a quadruple point mutation targeting the loop regions and by methylating the lysine residues, which yielded 3.9 Å resolution diffraction data from a full-length SelA crystal. Truncation of the N-terminal region (ΔN) also improved the resolution. A 3.3 Å resolution data set for phase determination was obtained from a crystal of selenomethionine-substituted Lys-methylated SelA-ΔN

  14. Biogenic SeNPs from Bacillus mycoides SelTE01 and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia SelTE02: Characterization with reference to their associated organic coating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piacenza, Elena; Bulgarini, Alessandra; Lampis, Silvia; Vallini, Giovanni; Turner, Raymond J.

    2017-08-01

    The exploitation of biological systems (i.e. plants, fungi and bacteria) for the production of nanomaterials relies on their ability to bioconvert toxic metal(loid) ions into their less toxic and bioavailable elemental states forming mainly nanoparticles (NPs) or nanorods (NRs). Further, these methods of nanomaterial production are nowadays recognized as eco-friendly alternatives to the chemical synthesis processes. A common feature among the so-called biogenic nanomaterials is the presence of an organic layer surrounding them. However, we are just learning the existing relation between biogenic nanostructures and their organic material. Our work is focused on the study of bacterial strains for the production of selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) as end product of selenite (SeO32 -) bioconversion. In this context, our previous reports described the ability of two bacteria, namely Bacillus mycoides SelTE01 and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia SelTE02, to generate SeNPs, which were surrounded by organic material. Here, the potential role of this organic material as stabilizing agent of SeNPs was investigated altering both the bacteria cells culturing and the SeNPs extraction procedure, in order to understand the interaction between these two elements in suspension. As a result, SeNPs produced by both bacterial strains showed the tendency to aggregate when subjected to the treatments tested, suggesting an involvement of the surrounding organic material in their stabilization in suspension.

  15. Réduction de la consommation de sel dans l'ensemble de la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    tante cause d'hypertension, laquelle augmente les risques de maladies cardiovasculaires, renales et de décès. Des ini- tiatives nationales visant à réduire la consommation de sel peuvent améliorer la tension artérielle au niveau de l'ensem- ble de la population. Cependant, plusieurs défis subsistent afin de réduire la ...

  16. MEMFASILITASI HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS DALAM PERKULIAHAN BIOLOGI SEL MELALUI MODEL INTEGRASI ATRIBUT ASESMEN FORMATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigit Saptono

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak ___________________________________________________________________ Higher order thinking skills sangat dibutuhkan untuk memahami permasalahan dan esensi materi perkuliahan Biologi Sel. Studi dengan desain Research and Development ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa calon guru biologi melalui penerapan model pembelajaran Integrasi Atribut Asesmen Formatif (IAAF. Sejumlah 61 mahasiswa program studi Pendidikan Biologi Universitas Negeri Semarang semester tiga yang sedang menempuh mata kuliah Biologi Sel menjadi subjek penelitian. Kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa diukur melalui tugas individu, tugas kelompok pembuatan peta konsep dan penyusunan laporan reviu artikel, dan 30 item soal berbentuk selected response questions dan constructed response questions tervalidasi. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa dapat berkembang secara signifikan, meskipun perkembangan kemampuan argumentasi, salah satu kategori kemampuan berpikir analitik, masih perlu perhatian yang cukup serius.   Abstract ___________________________________________________________________ Higher order thinking skills are needed to understand the problem and the essence of the lecture material Biology Sel. Study design Research and Development aims to develop reasoning skills and analytic thinking biology student teachers through the application of learning models Integration Attributes Formative Assessment (IAAF. Some 61 students of Biology Education Semarang State University who is doing his third semester courses Cell Biology is the subject of research. Analytical reasoning and thinking ability of students is measured through individual assignments, group assignments concept map creation and preparation of the Review articles, and 30 items about the shape of the selected response and constructed response questions, validated questions. The result showed

  17. PENGUKURAN NILAI OVERALL EQUIPMENT EFFECTIVENESS SEBAGAI DASAR USAHA PERBAIKAN PROSES MANUFAKTUR PADA LINI PRODUKSI (Studi Kasus pada Stamping Production Division Sebuah Industri Otomotif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robby Suhendra

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE is an effectiveness measurement method of equipment utilization in the implementation of Total Productive Maintenance (TPM. The ability of identification in details toward main problem and the cause factors that makes the improvement efforts become more focused is the reason why this method applied comprehensively by all manufacturing companies around the world. Manufacturing process at Stamping Production Division an automotive isdustry still keeps some unrevealed problems. This condition makes the achievement of OEE figure below the target that means production equipments are not utilized optimally yet. The expression of main problem and the cause factors is needed before the company starts some improvement efforts. This research is started by understanding the equipment losses that existed in company. Then, measuring the achievement of OEE figure in one period and through the pareto analysis toward the measurement's results, the main problem and the cause factors are obtained and clearly depicted in cause-and-effect diagram. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE adalah metode pengukuran efektivitas penggunaan suatu peralatan. OEE dikenal sebagai salah satu aplikasi progam Total Productive Maintenance (TPM. Kemampuan mengidentifikasikan secara jelas akar permasalahan dan faktor penyebabnya sehingga membuat usaha perbaikan menjadi terfokus merupakan faktor utama metode ini diaplikasikan secara menyeluruh oleh banyak perusahaan didunia. Saat ini proses manufaktur di Stamping Production Division sebuah industri otomotif memiliki permasalahan yang belum terungkap jelas. Hal tersebut mengakibatkan penggunaan peralatan yang ada belum optimal. Pengungkapan akar masalah dan faktor penyebabnya diperlukan sebelum perusahaan melakukan usaha perbaikan. Penelitian ini dimulai dengan mengidentifikasi kerugian peralatan (Equipment Losses yang terjadi. Kemudian mengukur pencapaian nilai OEE

  18. A Critical Discourse Analysis of the New Labour Discourse of Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) across Schools in England and Wales: Conversations with Policymakers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emery, Carl

    2016-01-01

    This paper reports on a critical discourse analysis (CDA) of the New Labour (1997-2010) discourse of Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) in schools, and how it was understood and enacted by policymakers in England and in Wales within the context of devolved government across the UK. By SEL I mean universal school-based programs, located in the…

  19. Molten salts in nuclear reactors; Les sels fondus dans les reacteurs nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dirian, J; Saint-James, [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1959-07-01

    Collection of references dealing with the physicochemical studies of fused salts, in particular the alkali and alkali earth halides. Numerous binary, ternary and quaternary systems of these halides with those of uranium and thorium are examined, and the physical properties, density, viscosity, vapour pressure etc... going from the halides to the mixtures are also considered. References relating to the corrosion of materials by these salts are included and the treatment of the salts with a view to recuperation after irradiation in a nuclear reactor is discussed. (author) [French] Bibliographie regroupant l'etude physico-chimique des sels fondus, en particulier des halogenures alcalins et alcalino-terreux. On etudie de nombreux systemes binaires, ternaires et quaternaires de ces halogenures avec des halogenures d'uranium, et de thorium. On etudie egalement les proprietes physiques des halogenures ou des melanges d'halogenures (densite, viscosite, tension de vapeur, etc...). On donne egalement des references quant a la corrosion des materiaux par ces sels, et le traitement de ceux-ci en vue de recuperation, apres irradiation dans un reacteur nucleaire. (auteur)

  20. Staphylococcal enterotoxin-like X (SElX is a unique superantigen with functional features of two major families of staphylococcal virulence factors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ries J Langley

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic pathogen that produces many virulence factors. Two major families of which are the staphylococcal superantigens (SAgs and the Staphylococcal Superantigen-Like (SSL exoproteins. The former are immunomodulatory toxins that induce a Vβ-specific activation of T cells, while the latter are immune evasion molecules that interfere with a wide range of innate immune defences. The superantigenic properties of Staphylococcal enterotoxin-like X (SElX have recently been established. We now reveal that SElX also possesses functional characteristics of the SSLs. A region of SElX displays high homology to the sialyl-lactosamine (sLacNac-specific binding site present in a sub-family of SSLs. By analysing the interaction of SElX with sLacNac-containing glycans we show that SElX has an equivalent specificity and host cell binding range to the SSLs. Mutation of key amino acids in this conserved region affects the ability of SElX to bind to cells of myeloid origin and significantly reduces its ability to protect S. aureus from destruction in a whole blood killing (WBK assay. Like the SSLs, SElX is up-regulated early during infection and is under the control of the S. aureus exotoxin expression (Sae two component gene regulatory system. Additionally, the structure of SElX in complex with the sLacNac-containing tetrasaccharide sialyl Lewis X (sLeX reveals that SElX is a unique single-domain SAg. In summary, SElX is an 'SSL-like' SAg.

  1. Efek eugenol terhadap jumlah sel inflamasi pada pulpa gigi molar tikus Sprague Dawley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raras Ajeng Enggardipta

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Inflammatory cells infiltration after eugenol administration in Sprague Dawley rat’s molars. The purpose of this study was to determine effect of eugenol on inflammatory cells infiltration (neutrophils, macrophages and lymphocytes in the inflamed dental pulp. Thirty male Sprague Dawley rats aged 3-4 months and weighed 300-350 g were randomly divided into 2 groups: treated and control groups. Rats were injected with ketamine HCl i.m. (0.1 ml/100 grams BW before cavity preparation at occlusal surface of the upper molars. Cavity preparation was made using a round bur No.010 to pulp perforation. At the cavity base of treated group, 15 rats were given eugenol and of control group 15 rats were given aquadest, before filled with temporary filling. Three rats from each group were sacrificed at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days after the cavity preparation. Rats were injected with ketamine HCl im (0.1 ml / 100 g BW on the thigh then tissues were collected for histological process and stained using haematoxylin eosin. The number of inflammatory cells (neutrophils, macrophages and lymphocytes was analysed by Two-Way Anova. The result of the study showed number of inflammatory cells infiltration of treated group was lower than control and showed significant differences between groups (p <0.05. The conclusion from this study is eugenol administration in Sprague Dawley rats’s inflamed dental pulp can reduce the number of inflammatory cells (neutrophils, macrophages and lymphocytes. ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh eugenol terhadap jumlah sel inflamasi (netrofil, makrofag dan limfosit pada pulpa gigi terinflamasi. Tiga puluh ekor tikus Sprague Dawley jantan berumur  3-4 bulan dengan berat badan 300-350 g dibagi secara acak dalam 2 kelompok yaitu perlakuan dan kontrol. Tikus diinjeksi ketamine HCl i.m. (0,1 ml/100 gram BB sebelum dilakukan preparasi kavitas pada permukaan oklusal gigi molar satu rahang atas. Preparasi kavitas dibuat dengan

  2. EFEK PEMBERIAN SPILANTHES ACMELLA DAN LATIHAN FISIK TERHADAP JUMLAH SEL OSTEOBLAS FEMUR MENCIT YANG DIINDUKSI DEKSAMETASON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hening Laswati

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTelah dilakukan penelitian untuk mengetahui uji aktivitas anti-osteoporosis secara in vivo dari tanaman Spilanthes acmella terhadap sel osteoblas tulang trabekula proksimal femur mencit jantan model osteoporosis induksi deksametason. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan rancangan penelitian posttest only control group, 60 ekor mencit jantan sehat (usia >5 bulan dikelompokkan secara random menjadi 10 kelompok yaitu kelompok sehat tanpa induksi deksametason dan kelompok osteoporosis induksi deksametason. Kontrol positif mendapat suspensi alendronat dan kelompok latihan fiik menggunakantreadmill mencit berjalan 10m/menit bertahap selama 5 -12 menit, 3 kali dalam satu minggu, kelompok kombinasi ekstrak etanol 70% dan latihan fiik serta kelompok uji fraksi butanol, heksan, etil asetat dan air. Penelitian ini dilakukan selama 4 minggu. Osteoporosis akibat pemakaian glukokortikoid menjadi penyebab osteoporosis sekunder yang meningkatkan risiko fraktur. Telah banyak bukti klinik tentang peran fioestrogen dalam pengobatan osteoporosis pada pascamenopause. Spilanthes acmella, atau yang dikenal masyarakat dengan sebutan Legetan, termasuk famili Asteracea merupakan satu tanaman obat di Indonesia yang mempunyai kandungan senyawa polifenol dan flvonoid. Dari hasil penelitian sebelumnya diketahui bahwa baik fraksi butanol dan air dari tanaman tersebut mampu meningkatkan aktivitas enzim alkalin fosfatase yang merupakan marker pembentukan tulang. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak etanol 70% Spilanthes acmella dikombinasikan dengan latihan fiik meningkatkan jumlah sel osteoblas secara bermakna bila dibandingkan dengan hanya ekstrak etanol atau latihan fiik. Ini membuktikan bahwa ekstrak etanol 70% Spilanthes acmella mempunyai efek additive terhadap efek latihan pembebanan aksial pada kondisi osteoporosis. Fraksi heksana, etil asetat dan air juga meningkatkan secara bermakna jumlah sel osteoblas. Fraksi non polar merupakan fraksi yang lebih potensial untuk

  3. MEMFASILITASI HIGHER ORDER TIHINKING SKILLS DALAM PERKULIAHAN BIOLOGI SEL MELALUI MODEL INTEGRASI ATRIBUT ASESMEN FORMATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigit Saptono

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTHigher order thinking skills are needed to understand the problem and the essence of the lecture material Biology Sel. Study design Research and Development aims to develop reasoning skills and analytic thinking biology student teachers through the application of learning models Integration Attributes Formative Assessment (IAAF. Some 61 students of Biology Education Semarang State University who is doing his third semester courses Cell Biology is the subject of research. Analytical reasoning and  thinking ability of students is measured through individual assignments, group assignments concept map creation and preparation of the Review articles, and 30 items about the shape of the selected response and constructed response questions, validated questions. The result showed that the ability of reasoning and analytical thinking of students can be expanded significantly, although the development of the ability of argumentation, one category of analytic thinking skills, they need serious attention.

  4. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MULTIMEDIA INTERAKTIF PENGUKURAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL DAN KEMANDIRIAN BELAJAR SISWA SMP DI KOTA BANDUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erman Sutarno

    2015-02-01

    and the students can easily check their own progress, (5 every segment of this model was completed with reinforcement to improve the learning quality. Keywords: Learning Model, Interactive Multimedia, Experiential Learning Cycle. ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan model pembelajaran Pengukuran berbasis multimedia interaktif  yang dapat meningkatkan hasil dan kemandirian belajar siswa di SMP kelas VII. Penelitian dilaksanakan di SMP di Kota Bandung menggunakan pendekatan research and development. Proses dilaksanakan melalui tahapan: studi pendahuluan, pengembangan, dan pengujian. Instrumen yang digunakan pada tahap studi pendahuluan adalah studi pustaka dan survei lapangan; tahap pengembangan model dilakukan berupa penyusunan draf awal model, uji-coba terbatas, dan uji-coba diperluas; tahap validasi model berupa eksperimen pre-test treatment post-test dengan menggunakan matching pretest-posttest control group design. Penelitian ini menggunakan profil model pembelajaran experiential learning cycle dari teori belajar Kolb (1994 dengan karakteristik: (1 mengintegrasikan pengalaman awal siswa dengan pengalaman scientific (ilmiah, (2 belajar sambil bekerja (work-base laboratory, (3 pendidikan yang bersifat kooperatif (bekerja sama dalam konteks sosial, dan (4 menjamin penguasaan kompetensi dasar pengukuran arus, meter, kilogram yang memadai. Hasil uji efektivitas melalui model pembelajaran berbasis multimedia interaktif  dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar dan kemandirian belajar siswa. Beberapa temuan terpenting adalah: (1 model ini dapat meningkatkan kompetensi belajar siswa pada ranah kognitif, (2 melalui perangkat lunak keterampilan siswa dapat meningkatkan kemampuan bekerjasama dalam kelompok belajar, melatih berfikir kreatif, dan berkomunikasi, (3 mampu menerapkan berbagai kemampuan dengan terampil ketika mengerjakan LKS. Beberapa rekomendasi penelitian untuk guru, sekolah, pemerintah adalah: (1 Multimedia interaktif melalui animasi yang didisain

  5. PENGARUH EKSTRAK ETHANOL PROPOLIS TERHADAP EKSPRESI PROTEIN Bcl2, CYCLIN D1 DAN INDUKSI APOPTOSIS PADA KULTUR SEL KANKER KOLON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haryono Yuniarto

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Kanker kolorektal menempati urutan kejadian kanker ketiga di seluruh dunia, dengan lebih dari 1 juta angka kejadian tiap tahunnya. Berbagai strategi terapi pengobatan kanker kolorektal tetapi relatif belum optimal. Oleh karena itu, terdapat kebutuhan mengembangkan terapi alternatif sebagai pendamping. Propolis menunjukkan aktivitas proapoptosis pada berbagai jenis sel kanker. Mengetahui pengaruh pemberian propolis yang berasal dari Kerjo, Karanganyar, Indonesia terhadap induksi proses apoptosis dan aktivitas antiproliferasi, terutama terkait dengan penekanan ekspresi protein Bcl 2 dan cyclin D1 pada kultur sel WiDr (cell line kanker kolon. Penelitian eksperimental laboratorik menggunakan post test with control group design. Penelitian dilakukan pada kultur sel WiDr (sel kanker kolon dengan pemberian propolis. Pengamatan ekspresi protein Cyclin D1 dan Bcl2 dilakukan dengan metode imunositokimia, sedangkan pengamatan induksi apoptosis dilakukan dengan flowcytometry. Analisis statistik dengan uji Kruskal-Wallis, signifikan bila p <0,05. Rata-rata ekspresi Bcl2 pada kelima kelompok yaitu kontrol 83.40 ± 0.69 μg/ml, EEP 1/2 IC50 60.63 ± 0.40, EEP IC50 33.77 ± 1.08 μg/ml, EEP 2 IC50 24.28 ± 1.91 μg/ml, 5fluorouracil 12.74 ± 2.19 μg/ml. Terdapat perbedaan bermakna ekspresi Bcl2 antara kelompok uji dibandingkan kelompok kontrol (p < 0,001. Rata-rata ekspresi cyclin D1 pada kelima kelompok yaitu kontrol 83.77 ± 0.39 μg/ml, EEP 1/2 IC50 61.44 ± 0.41, EEP IC50 36.67 ± 1.18 μg/ml, EEP 2 IC50 24.50 ± 0.38 μg/ml, 5fluorouracil 13.42 ± 1.04μg/ml. Terdapat perbedaan bermakna ekspresi cyclin D1 antara kelompok uji dibandingkan kelompok kontrol (p < 0,001. Pemberian ekstrak etanol propolis mempunyai pengaruh menekan ekspresi Bcl2, cyclin D1, dan menginduksi apoptosis pada kultur sel kanker kolon (WiDr Cell Line.   Kata Kunci: Ekstrak Ethanol Propolis, Bcl2, cyclin D1, Sel WiDr

  6. Predicción y análisis de emisiones de mezclas combustibles diésel/ biodiésel modificadas con nanopartículas de alúmina y ácido oleico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Peñaloza

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available El software Diésel-RK fue utilizado para evaluar el efecto del uso de un aditivo basado en nanopartículas de alúmina y ácido oleico para la reducción de emisiones de gases contaminantes en mezclas diésel/biodiésel. Para esto, se estimaron las propiedades físico-químicas de las mezclas combustibles con ayuda de correlaciones para dispersiones coloidales y reglas de mezclado, fijando concentraciones de 10 y 20ppm del aditivo. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron reducciones del 11% y 25% en emisiones de SO2 y material particulado, respectivamente; mientras que las emisiones de CO2 no mostraron mejoras significativas, así como tampoco se presentaron mejoras en el consumo específico de combustible, los cuales permanecieron por debajo del 1,0%. En cuanto a las emisiones de NO2, se observó un incremento desde 2,1g/kWh a 3,1g/kWh con la adición de las diversas concentraciones de nanoaditivo; de esta forma se evidenciaron mejoras en la disminución en el retraso de los tiempos de ignición, lo cual es apropiado para el adecuado funcionamiento de los motores.

  7. Pengukuran Kualitas Jasa

    OpenAIRE

    Merianti, Maria Merry

    2009-01-01

    Service management is very important, because it determines Service Quality. Service Quality determines customer's satisfaction, and customer's satisfaction determines customer's behavior intentions. It is not easy to measure Service Quality, especially because service is intangible, but every service company which want to improve their service quality, should measure their service quality. We can measure service quality using SERVQUAL or SERVPERF. Research result determined that SERVPERF bet...

  8. PENGUKURAN PREFERENSI KONSUMEN BAKSO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Catur Pamungkas

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Consumers make purchases based on certain choices. These options include product attributes and attribute level. Meatball has attributes such as texture, price, and taste. These attributes affect the consumer buying process . The aim  of this study was to determine the utility values for all attributes and attribute level of meatballs that have been selected by consumers. This research is  a qualitative and quantitative research conducted in Bangkalan Regency. Respondents of this study consisted of 60 people. The results of this research  revealed that the value of the utility for the level of preference of texture was soft texture with a utility value of  0.058, meatballs price at Rp 500.00 with utility value of 0.006, and the selected flavor attributes are taste spicy sauce with  utility value of 0.36. Attributes to contribute to consumer's decision to buy meatballs were flavor at 63.321 % , texture at 20.114 % and meatball price at 16.565 % contribution

  9. Comparative evaluation of volatiles, phenolics, sugars, organic acids and antioxidant properties of Sel-42 and Tainung papaya varieties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelebek, Hasim; Selli, Serkan; Gubbuk, Hamide; Gunes, Esma

    2015-04-15

    The present study was designed to determine the phenolic compounds, organic acids, sugars, aroma profiles and antioxidant properties of Sel-42 and Tainung papayas grown in Turkey. High-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method was used for the phenolic compounds analysis. Twelve phenolic compounds were identified and quantified in the samples. The total phenolic content of Sel-42 was clearly higher than that of Tainung. Protocatechuic acid-hexoside, gallic acid-deoxyhexoside, ferulic acid and chlorogenic acids were the most abundant phenolics in both cultivars. Aroma composition of papaya was analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 46 and 42 aroma compounds, including esters, alcohols, terpenes, lactones, acids, carbonyl compounds, and volatile phenols were identified in the Sel-42 and Tainung, respectively. The significant linear correlation was confirmed between the values for the total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of papaya extracts. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. INHIBISI AKTIVITAS PROLIFERASI SEL DAN PERUBAHAN HISTOPATOLOGIS MUKOSA WISTAR DENGAN PEMBERIAN PERASAN SELEDRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aswiyanti Asri

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTelah dilakukan penelitian mengenai pengaruh pemberian perasan seledri pada tikus wistar yang diinduksi karsinogenesis kolon.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuktikan bahwa seledri dapat mencegah karsinogenesis kolon pada tikus wistar yang diinduksi dengan 1,2 dimethylhydrazine (DMH dengan dan tanpa diet tinggi lemak dan tinggi protein.Penelitian ini adalah penelitian eksperimental dengan desain randomized post test control group. Subyek penelitian adalah 25 ekor tikus wistar jantan berusia 12 minggu yang dibagi menjadi 5 kelompok. Kelompok I mendapat injeksi 1,2 DMH subkutan; kelompok II mendapat injeksi 1,2 DMH dan seledri per oral ; kelompok III mendapat injeksi 1,2 DMH subkutan dan diet tinggi lemak dan protein sedangkan kelompok IV selain mendapat injeksi 1,2 DMH subkutan dan diet tinggi lemak dan protein, juga diberi seledri per oral. Perlakuan untuk kelompok I –IV diberikan selama 12 minggu. Sedangkan kelompok V mendapat 1,2 DMH dan seledri selama 16 minggu.Setelah masa perlakuan berakhir, semua tikus dimatikan dan usus besar diambil. Untuk menilai perubahan histopatologik salah satu potongan diproses dan diwarnai dengan HE. Potongan yang lain diwarnai dengan teknik argirofilik dari Ploton untuk analisis aktivitas proliferasi sel. Perubahan histopatologis dinilai secara mikroskopik sesuai kriteria WHO sedangkan aktivitas proliferasi sel dinilai dari jumlah titik AgNOR.Perubahan histopatologik menunjukkan bahwa tikus yang diinduksi dengan 1,2 DMH atau disertai diet tinggi lemak dan protein mengalami perubahan morfologik dan displasia yang lebih berat dibanding tikus yang diinduksi dan diberi seledri.Analisis statistik memakai uji Mann-Whitney didapatkan perbedaan bermakna aktivitas proliferasi sel antara kelompok yang diberi 1,2 DMH dan seledri dengan kelompok yang hanya diberi 1,2 DMH. Pemberian seledri mampu menghambat perubahan histopatologis dan aktivitas proliferasi argrophylic nucledar regions (AgNOR sel epitel mukosa pada

  11. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of the mRNA-binding domain of elongation factor SelB from Escherichia coli in complex with RNA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Soler, Nicolas; Fourmy, Dominique; Yoshizawa, Satoko

    2007-01-01

    The mRNA-binding domain of E. coli selenocysteine-specific elongation factor SelB (residues 478–614; SelB-WH3/4) was overproduced in E. coli and its cognate mRNA ligand, 23 nucleotides of the SECIS RNA hairpin, was prepared by in vitro transcription. The purified SelB-WH3/4–SECIS RNA complex crystallized in space group C2 and diffracted to 2.3 Å. In bacteria, selenocysteine (the 21st amino acid) is incorporated into proteins via machinery that includes SelB, a specific translational elongation factor. SelB binds to an mRNA hairpin called the selenocysteine-insertion sequence (SECIS) and delivers selenocysteyl-tRNA Sec to the ribosomal A site. The minimum C-terminal fragment (residues 478–614) of Escherichia coli SelB (SelB-WH3/4) required for SECIS binding has been overexpressed and purified. This protein was crystallized in complex with 23 nucleotides of the SECIS hairpin at 294 K using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method. A data set was collected to 2.3 Å resolution from a single crystal at 100 K using ESRF beamline BM-30. The crystal belongs to space group C2, with unit-cell parameters a = 103.50, b = 56.51, c = 48.41 Å. The asymmetric unit contains one WH3/4-domain–RNA complex. The Matthews coefficient was calculated to be 3.37 Å 3 Da −1 and the solvent content was estimated to be 67.4%

  12. Toluidine Blue Vital Staining sebagai Alat Bantu Diagnostik pada Karsinoma Sel Skuamosa Lidah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Suhartiningtyas

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang. Karsinoma sel skuamus oral (KSSO merupakan salah satu kanker mulut yang paling sering terjadi. Deteksi dini kanker mulut menyulitkan oleh karena etiologi yang tidak pasti dan gambaran klinis yang tidak khas. Toluidine blue vital staining (TBVS dilaporkan dapat membantu penegakan diagnosis KSSO. Tujuan. Penulisan ini bertujuan melaporkan kasus KSSO di lidah yang terdiagnosis melalui TBVS. Kasus dan penanganannya. Laki-laki 77 tahun dengan gigi tiruan lengkap mengeluhkan sakit pada lidah sejak 2 minggu lalu, yang tidak sembuh dengan terapi konvensional. Pasien adalah perokok berat selama 60 tahun. Temuan klinis menunujukkan ulkus soliter berdiameter 2,5 cm pada ventral lidah, tepi membulat, indurasi dan tertutup pseudomembran putih. Temuan lain berupa kandidas mulut pada mukosa palatal, kedua sudut mulut dan dorsum lidah. Berdasar anamnesis dan pemeriksaan klinis, dicurigai adanya keganasan pada lesi lidah. Perawatan awal ditujuan untuk pembersihan rongga mulut, terapi anti jamur dan perbaikan status nutrisi. Lima hari kemudian, dilaporkan adanya kaku lidah dan gangguan fungsi mulut. Klinis tampak ulkus pada lidah semakin dalam dan melebar, untuk memastikan kecurigaan keganasan dilaksanakan pemeriksaan TBVS. Hasil pemeriksaan positif sehingga ditegakkan diagnosis kerja KSSO. Pemeriksaan lebih lanjut, pasien dikirim ke Klinik Bedah Mulut Rumah Sakit Dr. Sarjito. Hasil biopsi positif menunjukkan KSSO, selanjutnya pasien dirujuk ke Klinik Onkologi. Kesimpulan. Karsinoma sel skuamus oral memiliki gambaran klinis tidak khas sehingga penyakit ini sulit terdeteksi secara dini. Diagnosis dan perawatan dini KSSO akan meningkatkan survival rate dan kualitas hidup penderitanya. Metode pemeriksaan diagnostic bantu dengan TBVS sangat membantu dalam penegakan diagnosis keganasan di rongga mulut.   Background. Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC is one of the most oral cancers occurred. Early detection of oral cancer is difficult due to uncertain

  13. Analysis of polyhydroxyalkanoates granuales in bacillus Sp. MFD11 and enterobacter Sp. SEL2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Naheed, N.; Jamil, N.

    2016-01-01

    Bacillus sp. MFD11 (JF901809) and Enterobacter sp. SEL2 (JF901810) were isolated from agriculture waste contaminated sites. When fed with 2% glucose as a carbon source, these bacteria produced 75.26±0.45% and 76.61±0.28% PHA of their wet weight respectively. The accumulated PHA was extracted by direct addition of sodium dodysyl sulphate in the culture medium, which yielded 52.3±0.56 micro g/l and 136.21±0.45 micro g/l PHA respectively when assayed with Crotonic acid. The PHA detection medium (PDM) provided nutrient limitation condition which favored accumulation of PHA granules. A tremendous increase in cell size was observed when strain MFD11 was grown in PDM. The size of the granules as revealed by TEM micrographs spanned from 0.1 to 1.5 micro m which is quite large as compared to the size reported in the literature 0.2 to 0.5 micro m 18). (PHA polymer was analyzed by FTIR, GC/MS and proton Nuclear magnetic resonance. The intense absorption band in the spectrum at 1724-1740 cm -1 and 1215 cm -1 to 1280 corresponding to C=O and C-O stretching group, respectively, indicated that the both strains were PHA producers. GC/MS analysis indicated that the polymer produced were copolymers of PHB-co-PHV. NMR also suggested that the extracted PHA was not a homopolymer but was the blend of copolymers with 3HV in lower abundance. Differential calorimetric thermal analysis showed melting temperature of 163 and 169 degree C for PHA produced by both strains, respectively. However, the observed melting temperature was found to be lower than the standard PHB (Signa-aldrich). (author)

  14. Model-based neural networks to predict emissions in a diesel engine operating with biodiesel blends of castor; Modelo basado en redes neuronales para predecir las emisiones en un motor diésel que opera con mezclas de biodiésel de higuerilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Narváez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Some identification methods of nonlinear systems using artificialneural networks are explained. Also, a model based on Neural Networks“Supervised Feed Forward” is presented, developed to identifyand predict the behavior of volumetric emissions from combustion of astationary diésel engine based on two input variables: the engine load and the mixture of castor biodiésel. The neural network training and model validation was performed by using the NNModel.

  15. KLASIFIKASI INTI SEL PAP SMEAR BERDASARKAN ANALISIS TEKSTUR MENGGUNAKAN CORRELATION-BASED FEATURE SELECTION BERBASIS ALGORITMA C4.5

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toni Arifin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - Pap Smear is an early examination to diagnose whether there’s indication cervical cancer or not, the process of observations were done by observing pap smear cell under the microscope. There’s so many research has been done to differentiate between normal and abnormal cell. In this research presents a classification of pap smear cell based on texture analysis. This research is using the Harlev image which amounts to 280 images, 140 images are used as training data and 140 images other are used as testing. On the texture analysis used Gray level Co-occurance Matrix (GLCM method with 5 parameters that is correlation, energy, homogeneity and entropy added by counting the value of brightness. For choose which the best attribute used correlation-based feature selection method and than used C45 algorithm for produce classification rule. The result accuracy of the classification normal and abnormal used decision tree C45 is 96,43% and errors in predicting is 3,57%. Keywords : Classification, Pap Smear cell image, texture analysis, Correlation-based feature selection, C45 algorithm. Abstrak - Pap Smear merupakan pemeriksaan dini untuk mendiagnosa apakah ada indikasi kanker serviks atau tidak, proses pengamatan dilakukan dengan mengamati sel pap smear dibawah mikroskop. Banyak penelitian yang telah dilakukan untuk membedakan antara sel normal dan abnormal. Dalam penelitian ini menyajikan klasifikasi inti sel pap smear berdasarkan analisis tektur. Citra yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah citra Harlev yang berjumlah 280 citra, 140 citra digunakan sebagai data training dan 140 citra lain digunakan sebagai testing. Pada analisis tekstur mengunakan metode Gray level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM menggunakan 5 parameter yaitu korelasi, energi, homogenitas dan entropi ditambah dengan menghitung nilai brightness. Untuk memilih mana atribut terbaik digunakan metode correlation-based feature selection lalu digunakan algoritma C45 untuk

  16. L'utilisation d'un mélange de sels fondus pour le stockage de chaleur

    OpenAIRE

    Roche , M.

    1980-01-01

    L'exploitation rationnelle de l'énergie solaire nécessite le stockage d'une partie de la chaleur produite aux heures d'ensoleillement pour pouvoir la restituer aux heures de consommation, ou tout au moins pour assurer la continuité du fonctionnement pendant les passages nuageux. Les sels fondus et en particulier le H.T.S. (Heat Transfer Salt) apparaissent comme les meilleurs fluides de stockage thermique. En effet, ils permettent un stockage d'une grande densité pour un faible coût et bénéfic...

  17. "Sa, haavapuu, kesköösel valendad..." : [luuletused] / Paul Celan ; saksa k. tlk. [ja saatesõna]: Ain Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Celan, Paul, pseud., 1920-1970

    2001-01-01

    Autorist lk. 49-50. Sisu: "Sa, haavapuu, kesköösel valendad..." ; Mälestus Prantsusmaast ; Aastad sinust minuni ; Surmafuuga ; Aja silm ; Kõnevõre ; Silm, lahtine ; Zürich, "Toonekure" kohvik : Nelly Sachsile ; Psalm ; "Niitpäikesed..." ; "Maovankris, mööda..." ; "Maastik urnidega..." ; Prahas ; "Kõmin: see on..." ; "Üks hambajälg eikuskilpool..." ; "Kahinais, otsekui meie alguses..." ; Teine ; "Teie oma..." ; "See, mis meid..." ; "Lõika palvekäsi..." ; "Ma kuulen, et kirves lõi õitsema..." ; "Leht, mille puu küljest..."

  18. Effets des sels sur la réflectance et télédétection des sols salés

    OpenAIRE

    Mougenot, Bernard

    1993-01-01

    La présence de sels dans les sols et les nappes modifie les états de surface. La télédétection facilite leur identification et améliore la cartographie des sols salés. On distingue des effets directs sur la réflectance avec la présence de sels en surface (croûtes ou efflorescences salines), et des effets indirects sur la structure (pseudosables), la végétation (stress salin, végétation spécifique) ou l'absence de végétation dans les cas extrêmes. Les caractéristiques spectrales des sels du vi...

  19. PENGARUH JENIS ANODA PADA PROSES PEMULIHAN LOGAM NIKEL DARI TIRUAN AIR LIMBAH ELECTROPLATING MENGGUNAKAN SEL ELEKTRODEPOSISI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djaenudin Dhaenudin

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available EFFECT OF ANODES TYPES ON NICKEL RECOVERY FROM SYNTHETIC ELECTROPLATING WASTE ELECTRODEPOSITION CELLS. A study concerning the recovery of nickel from electroplating wastewater artificial solution. The study was conducted with a batch system using electrodeposition cell consisting of two spaces separated by water hyacinth leaf, copper cathode plate, H2SO4 solution anolyte, catholyte solution of NiSO4 plus NaCl supporting electrolyte and anode varied. Electrodeposition performed at the direct current of 5V power for 4 hours each run. The research objective was to obtain the best anode in nickel electrodeposition process of electroplating waste artificial solution. Graphite, stainless steel type AISI 316 and the lead were used as a variation of the anode. Concentration of nickel in the catholyte at baseline 2200 mg/L. The results showed that the anode was a graphite anode with best value decreased by 72.44% nickel concentration, deposition of nickel on the cathode of 0.188 grams and specific energy values ​​of 6.1625 kWh/kg.nickel.   Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang pemulihan logam nikel dari larutan tiruan air limbah electroplating. Penelitian dilakukan dengan sistem batch menggunakan sel elektrodeposisi yang terdiri dari dua ruang yang dipisahkan dengan daun eceng gondok, katoda pelat tembaga, anolit larutan H2SO4, katolit larutan NiSO4 ditambah elektrolit pendukung larutan NaCl dan anoda divariasikan. Elektrodeposisi dilakukan pada listrik searah sebesar 5V selama 4 jam setiap tempuhan. Tujuan penelitian adalah memperoleh anoda terbaik pada proses elektrodeposisi nikel dari larutan tiruan limbah electroplating. Grafit, Stainless Steel  tipe AISI 316 dan timbal digunakan sebagai variasi jenis anoda. Konsentrasi nikel dalam katolit pada awal penelitian 2200 mg/L. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa anoda grafit merupakan anoda yang paling baik dengan nilai penurunan konsentrasi nikel sebesar 72,44%, deposisi nikel di katoda sebesar 0

  20. Perbandingan sitotoksisitas tiga jenis algyrogel terhadap sel fibroblas (Citotoxicity comparation of three types of algyrogel on fibroblast cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefany Elan Saktiyawardani

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of osteoporosis and bone defects in the world and Indonesia increase each year. Algyrogel is a alginate-based hydrogel material recently very popular used as a bone substitute through injectable bone substitute (IBs method. One of advantages algyrogel is biocompatibility to the body tissues. some natural-based polymer (alginate, chitosan, dan hyaluronat have different biocompatibility. Purpose: The study was aimed to determine the cytotoxicity of three types algyrogel against fibroblast cells. Methods: This study used three types algyrogel, there were algyrogel containing alginate (Alg, a mixture of alginate with chitosan (Alg/Ch, and a mixture of alginate with hyaluronic acid (Alg/Ha. Each type algyrogel was exposed in the Vero cell line of fibroblast with volume 2 μL; 4 μL; 6 μL; 8 μL; 10 μL; 12 μL; 14 μL; 16 μL; 18 μL; and 20 μL respectively. The cytotoxicity performed by MTT method to determine the percentage of cell death. The optical density was measured by an ELIsA plate reader then data was analyzed using ANOVA and probit. Results: The percentage of cell death in all groups of algyrogel have below 30%. LC50 value at Alg was 651.017 mg/mL (21.56%, Alg/Ch was 280.478 mg/mL (20.91%, and Alg/Ha was 1054.094 mg/ mL (17.2%. Conclusion: Alg/Ha has the lowest cytotoxicity on fibroblast cells and may have potential as an osteoconductor-synthetic bone product.Latar belakang: Prevalensi osteoporosis dan cacat tulang di Indonesia maupun dunia semakin meningkat tiap tahunnya. Algyrogel sebagai bahan hidrogel yang berbasis alginat akhir-akhir ini sangat popular digunakan sebagai bahan pengganti tulang melalui metode Injectable Bone substitute. Kelebihan algyrogel antara lain biokompatibel terhadap jaringan tubuh. Beberapa hidrogel berbasis polimer alami (alginat, chitosan, dan hyaluronat memiliki perbedaan biokompatibilitas. Tujuan: studi ini bertujuan meneliti sitotoksisitas tiga jenis algyrogel terhadap sel

  1. Analysis of SEL on Commercial SRAM Memories and Mixed-Field Characterization of a Latchup Detection Circuit for LEO Space Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Secondo, R.; Alía, R. Garcia; Peronnard, P.; Brugger, M.; Masi, A.; Danzeca, S.; Merlenghi, A.; Vaillé, J.-R.; Dusseau, L.

    2017-08-01

    A single event latchup (SEL) experiment based on commercial static random access memory (SRAM) memories has recently been proposed in the framework of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) Latchup Experiment and Student Satellite nanosatellite low Earth orbit (LEO) space mission. SEL characterization of three commercial SRAM memories has been carried out at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) facility, using monoenergetic focused proton beams and different acquisition setups. The best target candidate was selected and a circuit for SEL detection has been proposed and tested at CERN, in the CERN High Energy AcceleRator Mixed-field facility (CHARM). Experimental results were carried out at test locations representative of the LEO environment, thus providing a full characterization of the SRAM cross sections, together with the analysis of the single-event effect and total ionizing dose of the latchup detection circuit in relation to the particle spectra expected during mission. The setups used for SEL monitoring are described, and details of the proposed circuit components and topology are presented. Experimental results obtained both at PSI and at CHARM facilities are discussed.

  2. SOSYAL MÜBADELENİN İÇSEL PAZARLAMA VE İŞ PERFORMANSI ARASINDAKİ ARACILIK ETKİSİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süleyman Murat Yıldız

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Öz Bu çalışmada sosyal mübadelenin içsel pazarlama ve iş performansı arasındaki aracılık etkisi incelenmiştir. Veriler yükseköğretim kurumlarında görev yapan öğretim elemanlarından elde edilmiştir. Veri toplama aracı olarak içsel pazarlama için Yıldız ve Kara’nın (2015, sosyal mübadele için Shore vd.’nin (2006 ve iş performansı için Sigler ve Pearson’un (2000 geliştirdiği ölçekler kullanılmıştır. Araştırma hipotezlerini test etmek amacıyla korelasyon analizi ile regresyon analizi uygulanmıştır. Elde edilen bulgular sosyal mübadelenin içsel pazarlama ve iş performansı arasında tam aracılık etkisinin olduğunu göstermiştir. Abstract In this study, the mediating effect of social exchange between internal marketing and job performance was investigated. The data were obtained from the academic staff in higher educational institutions. IM-11 Scale developed by Yildiz and Kara (2015 was used to measure internal marketing,social exchange scale developed by Shore et al. (2006 was used to measure social exchange, and job performance scale developed by Sigler and Pearson (2000 was used to measure job performance. In order to test the hypothesis of this study, correlation analyzes and regression analyzes were applied. The findings of the study demonstrated that the effects of internal marketing on job performance were fully mediated by social exchange.

  3. Intoxicação por selênio em suínos no Sul do Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo C. Gomes

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available São descritos dois surtos de intoxicação por selênio em suínos na região Sul do Brasil. Foram acometidos leitões em fase de creche, entre 27 e 22 dias, com mortalidade variando de 16% a 15,3% (Surto 1 e 2 respectivamente. Os suínos apresentaram poliomielomalacia simétrica focal e lesões de casco, que inicialmente eram caracterizadas por uma linha avermelhada na borda coronária que evoluía nos suínos sobreviventes para desprendimento do casco. Os sinais clínicos iniciaram após seis dias (Surto 1 e 30 horas (Surto 2 da introdução da ração com alto teor de selênio. O surgimento dos sinais foi abrupto, caracterizado por andar cambaleante, com evolução para paralisia dos membros pélvicos e posteriormente tetraparesia. Macroscopicamente observaram-se focos circulares amarelados com áreas deprimidas mais escuras, restritas ao corno ventral da substância cinzenta em intumescências cervical e lombar. Microscopicamente essas áreas corresponderam à malacia da substância cinzenta, caracterizada por microcavitações, perda neuronal, cromatólise, neuronofagia, infiltrado de células Gitter, microgliose, astrócitos de Alzheimer tipo II e proliferação de células endoteliais evidenciadas na imunohistoquímica (IHQ para fator de von Willebrand. Ainda, no segundo surto, dois animais apresentaram vacuolização difusa do citoplasma de neurônios e em um suíno foram observados astrócitos gemistocíticos. Na IHQ para GFAP ficou evidenciada uma astrocitose e astrogliose. Além dessas alterações medulares, em dois suínos observou-se, polioencefalomalácia simétrica no tronco encefálico. Em amostras de ração, detectou-se 3,38ppm (Surto 1 e 154ppm (Surto 2 de Se/kg e em amostras de fígado foram encontradas dosagens superiores a 3,34ppm (variando de 3,34 até 10ppm. No Surto 2, após 44 dias da retirada da ração, foi realizada eutanásia de seis suínos para monitoramento de níveis hepáticos de selênio (dois su

  4. Mastite clínica em vacas leiteiras suplementadas com selênio e vitamina E Clinical mastitis in dairy cows supplemented with selenium and vitamin E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Jorge Paschoal

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do selênio e da vitamina E sobre a prevalência de mastite clínica em vacas da raça Holandesa. Oitenta vacas foram distribuídas em quatro tratamentos: controle e suplementação com 2,5 mg selênio dia-1 , com 1.000 UI vitamina E dia-1 e com 2,5 mg selênio + 1.000 UI vitamina E dia-1 . A suplementação foi iniciada 30 dias antes da provável data de parição, prolongando-se até o parto. Amostras do volumoso e do concentrado foram colhidas, quinzenalmente, para análise bromatológica completa e levantamento dos níveis de selênio. O sangue foi colhido antes do início da suplementação, no parto, 30 e 60 dias após o parto, para determinação dos níveis de selênio. O teste de Tamis e a análise clínica do úbere foram realizados semanalmente, para detecção de mastite até a décima segunda semana de lactação. Um mês após a suplementação, as vacas que receberam selênio apresentaram níveis séricos superiores (pThe aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of selenium and vitamin E on incidence of mastitis in Holstein cows. Eighty cows were allocated into four treatments: control, supplementation with 2.5 mg Se day-1, supplementation with 1,000 UI vitamin E day-1 , and supplementation with 2.5 mg Se day-1 + 1,000 UI vitamin E day-1 . The supplementation started 30 days prior to probable parturition date until parturition. Forage and concentrate samples were taken every 15 days for chemical and selenium analyses. Blood samples were taken before starting supplementation, right after parturition, 30 and 60 days after it to determine the selenium serum levels. Tamis test and udder analysis were weekly performed to detect clinical mastitis. Selenium supplemented cows had higher serum selenium concentration compared with control group (P<0.05. Vitamin E and selenium did not decrease the prevalence of clinical mastitis up to 12th week and there was no interaction between those

  5. Selenium Supplementation in Fish: A Combined Chemical and Biomolecular Study to Understand Sel-Plex Assimilation and Impact on Selenoproteome Expression in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davide Pacitti

    Full Text Available Selenium (Se is an essential oligonutrient, as a component of several Se-containing proteins (selenoproteins, which exert important biological functions within an organism. In livestock, Se-enriched products have been proposed as dietary supplements to be included into functional feeds for animal preventive health care. To this end, it is important to understand the optimal range of concentrations for supplementation and how long it takes to be assimilated into the organism.In this study, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss were fed a control diet containing 0.9 g Kg-1 Se or the same diet supplemented with a Se-Yeast product (Sel-Plex to achieve Se concentrations ranging from 1.5-8.9 g Kg-1 for a period of ten weeks. Fish were sampled every two weeks for analysis. The kinetics of Se bioaccumulation and the effects on fish selenoprotein expression was determined in different tissues combining chemical and bimolecular techniques.The Sel-Plex enriched diets did not have any effect on survival and growth performance. The highest Se levels were found in liver and kidney followed by muscle and blood cells. Analysis of the Se concentration factor showed that liver is able to initially regulate the amount of Se accumulated. However, with higher dietary Se level (4.8 and 8.9 g Kg-1 and longer times of exposure (10 weeks, regulation is ineffective and the Se tissue concentration increases. The expression of the selected trout selenoprotein transcripts showed an inverse correlation with Sel-Plex augmentation in most cases. In liver, kidney and blood cells the highest up-regulation of the trout selenoprotein genes was seen mostly in the group fed the diet enriched with the lowest concentration of Sel-Plex (0.5 g Kg-1 for 10 weeks.Sel-Plex may represent an excellent Se supplement to deliver a high level of Se without provoking harm to the fish and to guarantee the maximal absorption of the element. According to our results, a dietary supplementation of Sel

  6. [Die baltischen Lande im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung : Livland, Estland, Ösel, Ingermanland, Kurland und Lettgallen. Stadt, Land und Konfession 1500-1721. Teil 1.] / Jürgen Beyer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Beyer, Jürgen, 1965-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Die baltischen Lande im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung. Livland, Estland, Ösel, Ingermanland, Kurland und Lettgallen. Stadt, Land und Konfession 1500-1721. Teil 1. (Münster : Aschendorff, 2009)

  7. Matthias Asche, Werner Buchholz, Anton Schindling (Hrsg.): Die baltischen Lande im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung. Livland, Estland, Ösel, Ingermanland, Kurland und Lettgallen. Stadt, Land und Konfession 1500-1721. Tl. 2, Münste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wittram, Heinrich, 1931-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Die baltischen Lande im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung : Livland, Estland, Ösel, Ingermanland, Kurland und Lettgallen : Stadt, Land und Konfession 1500-1721. Teil 2. Münster, 2010

  8. [Die baltischen Lande im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung. Livland, Estland, Ösel, Ingermanland, Kurland und Letgallen. Stadt, Land und Konfession 1500-1721. 2. und 3. Teil] / Anti Selart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Selart, Anti, 1973-

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Die baltischen Lande im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung. Livland, Estland, Ösel, Ingermanland, Kurland und Letgallen. Stadt, Land und Konfession 1500-1721. Hrsg. von Matthias Asche, Werner Buchholz, Anton Schindling. 2. und 3. Teil.

  9. Disposal of Radioactive Wastes in Natural Salt; Elimination des Dechets Radioactifs dans le Sel Naturel; 0423 0414 ; Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos en Formaciones Salinas Naturales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, F. L.; Boegly, W. J.; Bradshaw, R. L.; Empson, F. M.; Hemphill, L.; Struxness, E. G.; Tamura, T. [Health Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1960-07-01

    The proposed use of cavities in salt formations as a disposal site for radioactive wastes is based upon : 1. Existence of salt for geologic time periods, 2. The impermeability of salt to the passage of water; 3. The widespread geographical distribution of salt; 4. The extremely large quantities of salt available; 5. The structural strength of salt; 6. The relatively high thermal conductivity of salt in comparison with other general geologic formations; 7. The possible recovery of valuable fission products in the wastes injected into the salt; 8. The relative ease of forming cavities in salt by mining, and the even greater ease and low cost of developing solution cavities in salt; and 9. The low seismicity in the areas of major salt deposits. Radioactive liquid wastes can be stored in cavities in natural salt formations if the structural properties of the salt are not adversely affected by chemical interaction, pressure, temperature, and radiation. Analytical studies show that it is possible to-store 2-year-old 10,000 MWD/T, 800 gal/ton waste in a sphere of 10 ft diameter without exceeding a temperature of 200 Degree-Sign F. Laboratory tests show that the structural properties and thermal conductivity of rock salt are not greatly altered by high radiation doses, although high temperatures increase the creep rate for both irradiated and unirradiated samples. Chemical interaction of liquid wastes with salt produces chlorine and other chlorine compound gases, but the volumes are not excessive. The migration of nuclides through the salt and deformation of the cavity and chamber can only be studied in undisturbed salt in situ. One-fifth-scale models have been run in a bedded salt deposit in Hutchinson, Kansas, and full-scale field tests are in progress. (author) [French] L'emploi envisage des cavites des gisements de sel comme lieu d'evacuation des dechets radioactifs se-fonde sur les considerations suivantes: 1. L'existence du sel dans des formations correspondant a

  10. Seláquios do Acervo do Museu de Ciências da Terra / DNPM-RJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Alves Souto

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Os seláquios depositados na Coleção de Peixes Fósseis do MCTer correspondem a uma amostragem da ocorrência do grupo no Brasil. São 86 registros, sendo 9 deles holótipos, no acervo, 32,5% dos exemplares são representantes do Devoniano e Permiano, 46,5% do Cretáceo e 21% do Cenozóico, que correspondem a 19 gêneros e 36 espécies. Devido a configuração cartilaginosa do seu esqueleto, o registro fóssil restringe-se a partes mineralizadas como dentes, escamas, espinhos de nadadeiras e cefálicos. Eventualmente, ocorre a preservação de um esqueleto completo incluindo partes moles como o Tribodus limae Brito & Ferreira, 1989. Do Paleozóico, destacam-se os espinhos de Xenacanthiformes e pertencem ao acervo os holótipos de Xenacanthus tocantinsensis Santos & Salgado, 1970; Xenacanthus albuquerquei (Santos, 1946 e Xenacanthus santaritensis Ragonha, 1986. Da ordem Ctenacanthiformes há os holótipos de Ctenacanthus gondwanus Santos, 1947 e Ctenacanthus maranhensis Santos, 1946; há um representante ainda, dos Eugeneodontiformes, síntipos de Anisopleurodontis pricei Santos 1994. Entre os seláquios cretáceos estão os Lamniformes, com os exemplares de Cretolamna serrata, (Agassiz, 1843 e Scapanorhynchus rapax (Quaas, 1902. Os Hibodontiformes constituem o grupo mais representativo do mesozóico, são espinhos de nadadeiras, espinhos cefálicos e alguns dentes de Hybodus sp. O holótipo de Hybodus florencei (Moraes Rego, 1960 da Formação Corumbataí, bem como o parátipo de Tribodus limae Brito & Ferreira 1989; da Formação Santana, bacia do Araripe, fazem parte do acervo do MCTer. Dos seláquios cenozóicos estão os representantes da Formação Pirabas, Mioceno do Estado do Pará, dos quais constam dois holótipos, Carcharhinus ackermanii, Santos & Travassos 1960 e Galeocerdo paulinoi Santos & Travassos, 1960; e um dente de Carcharocles megalodon (Agassiz,1835, o maior tubarão carnívoro já existente e alguns peixes fósseis que

  11. Propriétés structurales et électroniques de sels de BEDT-TTF. Influence de la température et de la pression

    OpenAIRE

    Guionneau , Philippe

    1996-01-01

    Les sels conducteurs organiques basés sur la molécule BEDT-TTF présentent une gamme de comportements dont la diversité s'exprime par application de contraintes de température et de pression. La connaissance des prorpriétés structurales de ces sels en tout point du diagramme de phase s'avère indispensable à la compréhension de leurs propriétés physiques. La diffraction X à très basse température et haute pression demeure encore une voie d'investigation pionnière. Nous avons étudié les comporte...

  12. Estudio de la reactividad en diversas atmósferas y caracterización de diferentes tipos de hollines representativos de motor diésel

    OpenAIRE

    Arnal Forcada, Cristina; Bilbao Duñabeitia, Rafael; Millera Peralta, Ángela

    2014-01-01

    1. Introducción El número de vehículos con motor diésel se ha incrementado en gran medida a lo largo de las últimas décadas. Los gases de escape de los motores diésel contienen materia particulada y óxidos de nitrógeno (NOx) como principales contaminantes. Las regulaciones de emisiones de estos contaminantes son cada vez más restrictivas y las nuevas tecnologías han de adaptarse a la legislación vigente (Jung y cols., 2008). La materia particulada consiste en partículas de hollín o soot, de m...

  13. Acción fundente de cenizas de glicerina de biodiésel en pastas cerámicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acosta, A.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Biodiesel glycerin ashes are residual ashes generated in the combustion of glycerine that is produced as a by-product in the manufacture of biodiesel. The aim of this work is to check their flux action in ceramic fabrics. In order to do so, both mineralogical and chemical characterisation of these ashes and some ceramic pastes, used in stoneware, has been performed, as well as an assessment of its thermal behaviour. Different mixtures of biodiesel ceramics adding ashes to a paste in a ceramic 5, 7 and 10% by weight have been used. Such mixtures have been studied with a hot stage microscope and it can be concluded that the ash acts as a flux of the ceramic paste reducing its sintering temperature in more than 100 ºC, which in an industrial process would result in energy savings in the firing process and valorisation of waste it as a secondary raw material, in addition to obtaining an environmental benefit reusing waste products and preventing its dumping.

    Las cenizas de glicerina de biodiésel son unas cenizas residuales generadas en la combustión de la glicerina que se obtiene como subproducto en la fabricación de biodiésel. El objetivo de este trabajo es comprobar su acción fundente en pastas cerámicas. Para ello se ha realizado la caracterización mineralógica y química de dichas cenizas y de unas pastas cerámicas destinadas a la fabricación de gres, así como el estudio de su comportamiento térmico. Se han formulado diferentes mezclas adicionando cenizas de glicerina a la pasta cerámica en un 5, 7 y 10 % en peso. Estas mezclas se han estudiado con el microscopio de calefacción de manera comparada y se concluye que la ceniza actúa como fundente de la pasta cerámica reduciendo su temperatura de sinterización en más de 100ºC, lo cual en un proceso industrial se traduciría en un ahorro energético en la cocción y en la valorización de un residuo al considerarlo como una materia prima secundaria, además de obtener un

  14. Caravanes de lamas, sel et échanges dans une communauté de Potosí, en Bolivie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available Les Salares d'Uyuni et de Coipasa sont, en Bolivie, les principales réserves de sel lequel constitue l'une des plus importantes ressources naturelles des habitants de la haute puna. Transporté par caravanes de lamas vers les basses terres orientales ou occidentales où il est échangé, ce sel leur permet d'acquérir les produits indispensables à leur vie quotidienne: maïs, piment, bois, coca. Cet article se propose de décrire et d'analyser la vie traditionnelle des caravaniers boliviens durant un périple d'échange vers les vallées. En Bolivia, los Salares de Uyuni y de Coipasa son las principales reservas de sal la que constituye una de las más importantes fuentes de recursos para los habitantes de la puna del altiplano central. Trasladada por medio de caravanas de llamas, hasta las yungas orientales u occidentales del litoral pacífico donde se intercambia, esta sal permite a estas poblaciones adquirir los productos indispensables para su vida cotidiana tales como la coca, el maíz, la madera.... A partir de un ejemplo preciso, intentamos, en este artículo, hacer una descripción y un análisis completo de la vida tradicional de estos llameros, durante uno de sus viajes de trueque hacia los valles. The great Salares of Uyuni and Coipasa are, in Bolivia, the main centers to provide salt, which is one of the most important resources of the inhabitants from the high puna. Carried each year by llama's caravans down to the other ecozones, as far as oriental or occidental valleys, and there bartered, it helps each community to obtain complementary row material which is necessary to their subsistence: maize, aji, wood, coca, etc... We intent, in this paper, to describe in detail, and from a specific example, the traditional way of living of the bolivian herdsmen during their annual trip to the valleys, and to analyze its possible socio-economical and ritual meaning.

  15. Selective enhancement of Selényi rings induced by the cross-correlation between the interfaces of a two-dimensional randomly rough dielectric film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banon, J.-P.; Hetland, Ø. S.; Simonsen, I.

    2018-02-01

    By the use of both perturbative and non-perturbative solutions of the reduced Rayleigh equation, we present a detailed study of the scattering of light from two-dimensional weakly rough dielectric films. It is shown that for several rough film configurations, Selényi interference rings exist in the diffusely scattered light. For film systems supported by dielectric substrates where only one of the two interfaces of the film is weakly rough and the other planar, Selényi interference rings are observed at angular positions that can be determined from simple phase arguments. For such single-rough-interface films, we find and explain by a single scattering model that the contrast in the interference patterns is better when the top interface of the film (the interface facing the incident light) is rough than when the bottom interface is rough. When both film interfaces are rough, Selényi interference rings exist but a potential cross-correlation of the two rough interfaces of the film can be used to selectively enhance some of the interference rings while others are attenuated and might even disappear. This feature may in principle be used in determining the correlation properties of interfaces of films that otherwise would be difficult to access.

  16. Pengaruh Penambahan Karbon terhadap Sifat Mekanik dan Konduktivitas Listrik Komposit Karbon/Epoksi sebagai Pelat Bipolar Polimer Elektrolit Membran Sel Bahan Bakar (Polymer Exchange Membran(PEMFC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ara Gradiniar Rizkyta

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Sel bahan bakar merupakan sel elektrokimia yang mampu mengkonversi bahan bakar menjadi energi listrik. Lebih dari 70% dari total berat dan 60%  biaya dalam  fuel cell berupa pelat bipolar. Maka dibutuhkan pemilihan bahan yang sesuai untuk mereduksi berat, volume dan biaya  pada sel bahan bakar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh karbon terhadap sifat mekanik dan konduktivitas listrik komposit karbon/epoksi. Matriks yang digunakan adalah epoksi dengan hardener poliamino amid dengan  rasio pencampuran 20 dan 80% poliamino amid. Filler yang digunakan adalah karbon dengan kadar karbon 20, 40, 60 dan 80%.  Bahan campuran dimatangkan dalam furnace pada temperatur 50, 100, 150, 200, 240oC selama satu jam. Pengujian yang dilakukan yaitu FT-IR, tarik, SEM, TGA dan konduktivitas listrik. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan penambahan karbon  dapat meningkatkan Modulus Young tetapi menurunkan sifat tarik dan elongasi. Kekuatan tarik epoksi tertinggi adalah 61 MPa, sedangkan pada 20% karbon 18,9 MPa. Stabilitas thermal meningkat dengan penambahan karbon, data 60% karbon menunjukkan  berat sisa pada 800⁰ C senilai 63%. Penambahan karbon juga dapat menaikkan konduktivitas listrik. Data tertinggi diperoleh pada komposisi 80% karbon yaitu 424,8 S.Cm-1

  17. STRUKTUR MORFOLOGI, KOMPOSISI KIMIA DAN RESISTANSI LAPISAN TIO2-CU SEBAGAI LAPISAN AKTIF PADA SEL SURYA FOTOELEKTROKIMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Prasetyowati

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Peningkatan efisiensi sel surya titania terus dikembangkan. Salah satunya adalah memodifikasi titania yang berfungsi sebagai lapisan aktif. Lapisan titania dapat disisipi dengan logam Cu. Penyisipan logam Cu pada TiO2 dilakukan melalui pembuatan nanokomposit TiO2-Cu dengan metode sol-gel. Lapisan TiO2-Cu yang terbentuk dikarakterisasi dengan SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy untuk mengetahui struktur morfologi permukaan, EDX (Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy untuk mengetahui komposisi bahan. Sedangkan resistansi lapisan diukur menggunakan Jembatan Wheatstone. Berdasarkan hasil SEM dapat ditunjukkan bahwa struktur morfologi permukaan lapisan TiO2-Cu tidak berbeda secara signifikan dengan lapisan TiO2, yaitu cukup homogen dan memiliki ukuran butir (grain yang hampir sama. Tetapi dari hasil EDX diperoleh bahwa lapisan TiO2-Cu yaitu lapisan TiO2 yang disisipi logam tembaga mengandung  unsur Ti sebanyak 59,8%, unsur O sebanyak 40,02% dan unsur Cu sebanyak 0,19%. Sedangkan lapisan TiO2 saja mengandung unsur Ti sebanyak 54,25% dan unsur O sebanyak 45,75%. Penyisipan logam tembaga pada lapisan titania dapat menurunkan resistansi listrik lapisan. Nilai resistansi lapisan TiO2 adalah 7,714 kilo ohm. Sedangkan nilai resistansi lapisan TiO2-Cu adalah 6,624 kilo ohm.

  18. Crecimiento de Casuarina equisetifolia (Casuarinaceae en suelo con diésel, y aplicación de bioestimulación y bioaumentación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Esther Díaz-Martínez

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available La fitorremediación es una biotecnología ecológicamente racional que está dirigida a la limpieza de suelos contaminados; sin embargo, el estudio de especies arbóreas para la fitorremediación de suelos con hidrocarburos del petróleo es limitado. Más aún, la combinación de la fitorremediación con procesos de bioaumentación y bioestimulación es también limitada. Por lo anterior, este estudio evaluó el efecto de la inoculación de Glomus intraradices, un consorcio bacteriano (M2BOS1-R2 y M2BOSI-F4 y Trichoderma viride en el crecimiento de plantas de Casuarina equisetifolia L. fertilizadas con Floranid® o Triple 17, en suelo contaminado con diésel (7 500mg/kg. El experimento factorial 2x5x3 incluyó 30 tratamientos y 10 repeticiones, distribuidos completamente al azar en invernadero, durante 120 días. El diésel disminuyó significativamente la altura, la biomasa total y el índice de calidad (ICP de planta. Glomus o las bacterias aumentaron significativamente la altura, la biomasa seca total y el ICP con respecto al tratamiento sin inocular o con la triple inoculación. El Floranid redujo el crecimiento vegetal y el ICP, en presencia de diésel. El Triple 17 combinado con los tres microorganismos produjo mayor crecimiento vegetal en ausencia de contaminación, pero en presencia de diésel, el Triple 17 combinado con bacterias o con Trichoderma, estimuló la biomasa seca total y el ICP. La colonización micorrízica fue inhibida por el diesel, especialmente con la fertilización del Floranid. El Triple 17 (bioestimulación combinado con los microorganismos (bioaumentación, favoreció el crecimiento de Casuarina en suelo contaminado con diésel.

  19. EFECTO DEL AGREGADO DE DIÉSEL-OIL SOBRE ALGUNOS PARÁMETROS MICROBIOLÓGICOS DEL SUELO CON Y SIN PRESENCIA DE PLANTAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Cristina Petenello

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available La actividad industrial, el transporte de combustibles y las fugas de tanques y cañerías provocan frecuentemente derrames de hidrocarburos durante la manipulación y el uso de los mismos, que contaminan el suelo con el riesgo de alcanzar las capas freáticas. Dentro de los métodos de remediación de suelos contaminados, la fitorremediación es una de las técnicas de remoción de contaminantes para recuperar la salud del suelo que combina la acción de las plantas con los microorganismos asociados a ellas. En el presente trabajo se utilizó el proceso de remediación menos costoso, no se emplearon fertilizantes, ni se incorporaron bacterias seleccionadas por su capacidad remediadora, sino que se aprovechó la propia actividad de los microorganismos (atenuación natural. Ciertas propiedades biológicas del suelo pueden emplearse para monitorear la marcha de un proceso fitorremediador. En el experimento se emplearon dos concentraciones de diésel-oil en suelo (1 y 2%, con la presencia de plantas de Spartina argentinensis y Melilotus alba, se evaluaron la respiración, la biomasa microbiana y el cociente respiratorio en dos momentos. Hacia el final del experimento, la producción de CO2 se vio incrementada por la presencia de diésel-oil. La biomasa microbiana aumentó con la menor concentración de diésel-oil pero la mayor concentración provocó probablemente un efecto tóxico sobre los microorganismos, en consecuencia, el mayor estrés causado por la concentración de contaminante (2% de diésel-oil quedó demostrado con el qCO2. La importancia de los parámetros evaluados radica en que permiten conocer la respuesta de las comunidades microbianas del suelo ante la presencia del diésel-oil.

  20. Pengukuran Jarak Berbasiskan Stereo Vision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iman Herwidiana Kartowisastro

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Measuring distance from an object can be conducted in a variety of ways, including by making use of distance measuring sensors such as ultrasonic sensors, or using the approach based vision system. This last mode has advantages in terms of flexibility, namely a monitored object has relatively no restrictions characteristic of the materials used at the same time it also has its own difficulties associated with object orientation and state of the room where the object is located. To overcome this problem, so this study examines the possibility of using stereo vision to measure the distance to an object. The system was developed starting from image extraction, information extraction characteristics of the objects contained in the image and visual distance measurement process with 2 separate cameras placed in a distance of 70 cm. The measurement object can be in the range of 50 cm - 130 cm with a percentage error of 5:53%. Lighting conditions (homogeneity and intensity has a great influence on the accuracy of the measurement results. 

  1. Pengukuran Kinerja Dengan Balanced Scorecard

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    Ita Mariza

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Performance of the company influenced by two factors, internal factors (controllable factors and external factors (uncontrollable factors. From the internal factors itself consist of  two parts, from managerial skills and financial side. The external factors are politic condition, economics condition, culture, social, etc. To survive in the market the company have to have the competitive advantage, it can be mangerial skills or financial side. So, to improve our ability or advantage or strength, we have to know first the performance of the current condition. There are four perspective in the Balanced scorecard to measure the performance,  financial perspective, customers perspective, internal business, and learning and growth. In this article, will be discuss about the controllable factors only and with Balanced scorecard to measure the performance  of the company.

  2. Pengukuran Kinerja Dengan Balanced Scorecard

    OpenAIRE

    Ita Mariza

    2003-01-01

    Performance of the company influenced by two factors, internal factors (controllable factors) and external factors (uncontrollable factors). From the internal factors itself consist of  two parts, from managerial skills and financial side. The external factors are politic condition, economics condition, culture, social, etc. To survive in the market the company have to have the competitive advantage, it can be mangerial skills or financial side. So, to improve our ability or advantage or stre...

  3. OPTIMASI KLASIFIKASI SEL TUNGGAL PAP SMEAR MENGGUNAKAN CORRELATION BASED FEATURES SELECTION (CFS BERBASIS C4.5 DAN NAIVE BAYES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asti Herliana

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – Cervical cancer was the most dangerous disease and generally attacks women. Early detection through Pap Smear method was one way to prevent the desease to grow in womans cervival canal. Based on the result of Pap Smear methode, the single cell of data that known as herlev data is available. This data, then used as a reference by the experts to find the best level classification from each class of cervical cancer. The decision tree C4.5 and Naïve Bayes have proven to give the best result on 280 data trial of herlev with support by Correlation based Features Selection (CFS optimization method. The issues raised in the present study was does CFS optimization methode that combined with the classification method of C4.5 and Naïve Bayes can provide increased the accuracy results when it faced the 917 data of herlev. The results of this study show that CFS method that combined either with C4.5 methods and naïve bayes classification accuracy was decrease when compared without using CFS method. In terms of showing that CFS can not provide the best result when if confronted with big data. Keywords : optimization, classification, single cell of Pap Smear, Correlation based Features Selection, C4.5, Naïve Bayes   Abstrak – Kanker serviks merupakan penyakit yang sangat berbahaya dan pada umumnya menyerang kaum wanita. Deteksi sejak dini melalui metode Pap Smear merupakan salah satu cara untuk mencegah penyakit ini berkembang didalam saluran serviks wanita. Berdasarkan hasil dari metode Pap Smear, didapatkanlah data sel tunggal yang kini dikenal dengan data herlev. Data ini, kemudian dijadikan acuan dalam penelitian oleh para ahli dewasa ini untuk menemukan tingkat klasifikasi terbaik dari masing-masing kelas kanker serviks. Metode Decision tree C4.5 dan Naïve Bayes terbukti memberikan hasil yang terbaik pada ujicoba data herlev sebanyak 280 data dengan dukungan dari metode optimasi Correlation based Features Selection(CFS. Permasalahan

  4. Diffusion, electrical mobility and ionic interactions in molten Salts; Diffusion, mobilite electrique et interactions ioniques dans les sels fondus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lantelme, F [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-05-01

    The diffusion and the electrical migration of ions in the molten alkali nitrates LiNO{sub 3}, NaNO{sub 3} and KNO{sub 3} and in their mixtures have been examined using stable or radio-active isotope indicators. This experimental works shows that there are large differences in the diffusion coefficients and the electric mobilities when they are compared using the Nernst-Einstein formula. An interpretive model has been put forward which shows the role played by poly-ionic displacements: in a salt AC the particles moving are not only the free ions A{sup -} and C{sup +} but also the groups [A{sub n}C{sub m}]{sup (m-n)+}... These results confirm the importance of electrostatic attraction and of the polarizability of the ions. This mechanisms, furthermore, explains the inversions of electrical mobilities often observed in liquid ionic media. (author) [French] La diffusion et la migration electrique des ions dans les nitrates alcalins fondus LiNO{sub 3}, NaNO{sub 3} et KNO{sub 3} et dans leurs melanges ont ete examinees a l'aide d'indicateurs isotopiques stables et radioactifs. Cette etude experimentale fait apparaitre des ecarts importants entre les coefficients de diffusion et les mobilites electriques compares au moyen de la formule de Nernst-Einstein. Un modele d'interpretation a pu etre propose mettant en evidence l'existence de deplacements polyioniques: dans un sel AC les particules en mouvement sont non seulement les ions libres A{sup -} et C{sup +} mais aussi des groupes [A{sub n}C{sub m}]{sup (}m{sup -n)+}. Ces resultats precisent l'importance des attractions electro-statiques et de la polarisabilite des ions. D'autre part, ce mecanisme permet de rendre compte des renversements des mobilites electriques souvent observes en milieu ionique liquide.

  5. Diffusion, electrical mobility and ionic interactions in molten Salts; Diffusion, mobilite electrique et interactions ioniques dans les sels fondus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lantelme, F. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-05-01

    The diffusion and the electrical migration of ions in the molten alkali nitrates LiNO{sub 3}, NaNO{sub 3} and KNO{sub 3} and in their mixtures have been examined using stable or radio-active isotope indicators. This experimental works shows that there are large differences in the diffusion coefficients and the electric mobilities when they are compared using the Nernst-Einstein formula. An interpretive model has been put forward which shows the role played by poly-ionic displacements: in a salt AC the particles moving are not only the free ions A{sup -} and C{sup +} but also the groups [A{sub n}C{sub m}]{sup (m-n)+}... These results confirm the importance of electrostatic attraction and of the polarizability of the ions. This mechanisms, furthermore, explains the inversions of electrical mobilities often observed in liquid ionic media. (author) [French] La diffusion et la migration electrique des ions dans les nitrates alcalins fondus LiNO{sub 3}, NaNO{sub 3} et KNO{sub 3} et dans leurs melanges ont ete examinees a l'aide d'indicateurs isotopiques stables et radioactifs. Cette etude experimentale fait apparaitre des ecarts importants entre les coefficients de diffusion et les mobilites electriques compares au moyen de la formule de Nernst-Einstein. Un modele d'interpretation a pu etre propose mettant en evidence l'existence de deplacements polyioniques: dans un sel AC les particules en mouvement sont non seulement les ions libres A{sup -} et C{sup +} mais aussi des groupes [A{sub n}C{sub m}]{sup (}m{sup -n)+}. Ces resultats precisent l'importance des attractions electro-statiques et de la polarisabilite des ions. D'autre part, ce mecanisme permet de rendre compte des renversements des mobilites electriques souvent observes en milieu ionique liquide.

  6. MODA ODAKLI İÇGÜDÜSEL SATIN ALMA DAVRANIŞINA ETKİ EDEN FAKTÖRLER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İlknur TÜFEKÇİ

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available ÖZ: Günümüzde geleneksel birçok moda perakendecisi, esnek olmayan tedarik zinciri, onun yarattığı aşırı stok ve kâr kayıplarıyla mücadele ederken, hızlı moda perakendecileri esnek tedarik zinciri yönetimi ve yeni trendlere hızla uyum sağlayarak bu problemi avantaja dönüştürmüşlerdir. Bu sayede hızlı moda pazarını oluşturma ve geliştirmede büyük başarı sağlamışlardır. Dolayısıyla çalışma, bu pazarda yer alan tüketicilerin algı ve tutumlarının satın alma davranışlarına etkisini belirlemek amacıyla düzenlenmiştir. Çalışma Atatürk Üniversitesi’nde okuyan kız öğrencilere 387 adet anket uygulaması yoluyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırmanın amaçları doğrultusunda öncelikle hızlı moda perakendeciliğine yönelik tutum, kıtlık algısı, düşük fiyat algısı ve tükenebilir algısının moda odaklı içgüdüsel satın alma davranışı üzerine etkisini belirlemek için çoklu regresyon analizi yapılmıştır. Sonrasında ise çok kriterli karar verme tekniklerinden TOPSIS yöntemi ile bu değişkenlerin önem sıralaması belirlenmiştir. Söz konusu değişkenlerin moda odaklı içgüdüsel satın alma üzerinde anlamlı bir etkiye sahip olduğu ve kriterler arasında en önemi etkiyi “tükenebilir algısı”nın taşıdığı belirlenmiştir. Anahtar Kelimeler: Hızlı Moda, Moda Odaklı İçgüdüsel Satın Alma, TOPSIS. ABSTRACT: Many traditional fashion retailer are struggling with inflexible supply chain and the excess inventory and profit loss due to this inflexibility. But, these problems have been converted into advantages by fast fashion retailers, via adapting quickly to new trends and flexible supply chain management. In this way, they have achieved great success which is the creation of the fast fashion market and development. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine consumers' perceptions and attitudes effect on purchase behavior in this market

  7. Ethnoarchéologie du salar d'Uyuni: sel et cultures régionales inter salar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available Le sel a toujours été l'une des denrées fondamentalement indispensables à la vie quotidienne des hommes. Abondant dans les hauts plateaux des Andes centrales, il constitue l'une des principales richesses des populations locales. Transporté par caravanes de lamas vers d'autres écozones où il est troqué, littoral pacifique, moyennes et basses vallées orientales, il permet à chaque communauté d'acquérir les matières premières complémentaires nécessaires à sa propre subsistance: maïs, piment, coca ou algues... En Bolivie, les grands salars d'Uyuni et de Coipasa sont les principaux centres d'approvisionnement en sel. Leur exploitation à l'échelle régionale semblerait remonter bien avant la colonisation espagnole? La zone 'inter salar,' comprise entre ces deux grandes salines proches de la frontière chilienne, est la mieux localisée pour essayer de déterminer l'exploitation dont elles ont pu faire l'objet par les diverses cultures régionales anciennes ou plus contemporaines. Cette interrogation est à la base du projet d'ethnoarchéologie commencé sur cette région. Cet article présente les premiers résultats de la prospection archéologique menée du 15 novembre au 15 décembre 1983 dans le cadre de ce programme. Il révèle l'existence de nombreux sites fortifiés ou d'inhumations pré-inca correspondant, dans leur ensemble, à des cultures ou grandes chefferies régionales ou 'señoríos' post-Tiwanaku, pouvant être liés au salar et au commerce du sel? Il met l'accent sur les problèmes soulevés par cette étude, les possibilités d'interprétation que nous pouvons avancer et les orientations souhaitées pour compléter ce projet. Siempre la sal ha sido uno de los productos fundamentalmente necesarios para la vida cotidiana del ser humano. Muy abundante en el altiplano de los Andes centrales, la sal constituye, para las poblaciones locales, una de sus riquezas más valiosas. Cargada y trasladada por caravanas de

  8. Contribution to the study of uranyl salts in butyl phosphate solutions; Contribution a l'etude des solutions de sels d'uranyle dans les phosphates butyliques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coulon, A [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-06-01

    A spectroscopic study in the normal infrared region and involving the following associations: tri-alkyl phosphates (tri-butyl, tri-ethyl, tri-methyl), uranyl salts (nitrate, chloride, acetate) has confirmed the existence of an interaction between the phosphoryl group and the uranium atom, as shown by a movement of absorption band for the valency P = 0 from {approx} 1270 cm{sup -1} to {approx} 1180 cm{sup -1}. A study of the preparation, analysis and spectroscopy of the solids obtained by the precipitation of uranyl salts by acid butyl phosphates has been carried out. By infrared spectrophotometry it has been shown that the tri-butyl and di-butyl phosphates are associated in non-polar diluents even before the uranium is introduced. The extraction of uranyl salts from acid aqueous solutions by a diluted mixture of tri-butyl and di-butyl phosphates proceeds by different mechanisms according to the nature of the ion (nitrate or chloride). (author) [French] Une etude spectroscopique dans l'infrarouge moyen portant sur les associations: - phosphates trialcoyliques (tributylique - triethylique - trimethylique) - sels d'uranyle (nitrate, chlorure, acetate) a confirme l'existence d'une interaction entre le groupement phosphoryle et l'atome d'uranium, se manifestant par un deplacement de la bande d'absorption de la vibration de valence P = 0 de {approx} 1270 cm{sup -1} a {approx} 1180 cm{sup -1}. Une etude preparative, analytique et spectroscopique des solides obtenus par precipitation de sels d'uranyle par les phosphates butyliques acides a ete effectuee. La spectrophotomerie infrarouge met en evidence l'association, anterieure a toute introduction d'uranium, des phosphates tributylique et dibutylique dans des diluants non polaires. L'extraction de sels d'uranyle, d'une solution aqueuse acide par un melange dilue de phosphates tributylique et dibutylique, s'effectue suivant des processus differents a la nature de l'anion (nitrate ou chlorure). (auteur)

  9. A SEL1L mutation links a canine progressive early-onset cerebellar ataxia to the endoplasmic reticulum-associated protein degradation (ERAD machinery.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaisa Kyöstilä

    Full Text Available Inherited ataxias are characterized by degeneration of the cerebellar structures, which results in progressive motor incoordination. Hereditary ataxias occur in many species, including humans and dogs. Several mutations have been found in humans, but the genetic background has remained elusive in dogs. The Finnish Hound suffers from an early-onset progressive cerebellar ataxia. We have performed clinical, pathological, and genetic studies to describe the disease phenotype and to identify its genetic cause. Neurological examinations on ten affected dogs revealed rapidly progressing generalized cerebellar ataxia, tremors, and failure to thrive. Clinical signs were present by the age of 3 months, and cerebellar shrinkage was detectable through MRI. Pathological and histological examinations indicated cerebellum-restricted neurodegeneration. Marked loss of Purkinje cells was detected in the cerebellar cortex with secondary changes in other cortical layers. A genome-wide association study in a cohort of 31 dogs mapped the ataxia gene to a 1.5 Mb locus on canine chromosome 8 (p(raw = 1.1x10(-7, p(genome = 7.5x10(-4. Sequencing of a functional candidate gene, sel-1 suppressor of lin-12-like (SEL1L, revealed a homozygous missense mutation, c.1972T>C; p.Ser658Pro, in a highly conserved protein domain. The mutation segregated fully in the recessive pedigree, and a 10% carrier frequency was indicated in a population cohort. SEL1L is a component of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD machinery and has not been previously associated to inherited ataxias. Dysfunctional protein degradation is known to cause ER stress, and we found a significant increase in expression of nine ER stress responsive genes in the cerebellar cortex of affected dogs, supporting the pathogenicity of the mutation. Our study describes the first early-onset neurodegenerative ataxia mutation in dogs, establishes an ERAD-mediated neurodegenerative

  10. Selênio e glucosinolatos em brássicas e fosfito na nutrição fosfatada em feijoeiro

    OpenAIRE

    Ávila, Fabrício William de

    2013-01-01

    Algumas formas orgânicas de selênio (Se) e alguns glucosinolatos (ß-tioglicosídio-N-hidroxissulfatos) são conhecidos por apresentarem excelente atividade anticancerígena, enquanto fosfito (P+3) tem sido comercializado como fungicida e, mais recentemente, também como uma complementar fonte de fósforo (P) para as culturas. Objetivou-se neste estudo (i) investigar se é possível simultaneamente aumentar o acúmulo do composto anticancerígeno Se-metil-seleno-cisteína (SeMSCis) sem necessariamente a...

  11. Plutonium extraction by the formation of insoluble salts (1960); Extraction du plutonium par formation de sels insolubles (1960)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ganivet, M [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1960-06-15

    The aim of this work is to convert Pu IV nitrate in solution into an insoluble salt. Three methods have been studied: 1) the conventional oxalic acid method was improved; 2) precipitation with 8-hydroxyquinoline was tried; 3) the hydrogen peroxide method was adapted to the eluates of the ionic resins from Marcoule. The yield from the oxalic process has been increased (loss of Pu in the mother-liquor brought from 200 mg/l to 20 mg/l). The study of Pu IV precipitation by 8-hydroxyquinoline has shown that the yield is excellent (Pu concentration in the mother-liquor less than 5 mg/h), but decontamination from impurities is nil. Finally, experiments on the precipitation by hydrogen peroxide of Pu IV solutions at the concentrations normally obtained from the anionic resins at Marcoule have given us good yields (Pu concentration in the mother-liquor less than 7 mg/l), and the purification is better than that obtained by oxalic acid (1000 ppm total impurities after a precipitation). (author) [French] L'objet de l'etude est la transformation en sel insoluble du nitrate de Pu IV en solution. Trois procedes ont ete etudies: 1) la methode classique a l'acide oxalique a ete amelioree, 2) la precipitation a la 8-hydroxyquinoleine a ete essayee; 3) le procede a l'eau oxygenee a ete adapte aux solutions d'elution des resines anion de Marcoule. Le rendement du procede oxalique a ete augmente (perte en Pu dans les eaux-meres ramenee de 200 mg/l a 20 mg/l). L'etude de la precipitation du Pu IV par la 8-hydroxyquinoleine a montre que le rendement etait excellent (concentration du Pu dans les eaux-meres inferieure a 5 mg/l), mais la decontamination en impuretes est nulle. Enfin, l'etude et l'application de la precipitation par l'eau oxygenee de solutions de Pu IV de concentrations habituellement obtenues a la sortie des resines anion a Marcoule nous ont permis d'obtenir un bon rendement (concentration de Pu dans les eaux-meres inferieure a 7 mg/l); la purification est meilleure que

  12. Modelado de la combustión en motores Diésel: revisión del estado del arte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Fernando García Sánchez

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available El estudio del proceso de combustión en motores Diésel ha sido, durante años, un tema de gran interés debido principalmente a la creciente necesidad de mejorar el rendimiento de los motores, reducir el consumo de combustible y reducir la emisión de contaminantes. Los estudios experimentales presentan la desventaja de requerir grandes recursos económicos y tiempo en su realización, razón por la cual se utilizan modelos computacionales que permiten estudiar el proceso de combustión de una forma más económica y práctica. En este artículo se presenta una revisión de varios de los modelos de combustión en motores Diésel más relevantes, desarrollados a nivel nacional e internacional, con el fin de dar al lector una visión de la evolución y el estado actual de este tipo de modelos.

  13. Can Universal SEL Programs Benefit Universally? Effects of the Positive Action Program on Multiple Trajectories of Social-Emotional and Misconduct Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Robert; Washburn, Isaac J; Lewis, Kendra M; Bavarian, Niloofar; DuBois, David L; Acock, Alan C; Vuchinich, Samuel; Flay, Brian R

    2017-02-01

    Behavioral trajectories during middle childhood are predictive of consequential outcomes later in life (e.g., substance abuse, violence). Social and emotional learning (SEL) programs are designed to promote trajectories that reflect both growth in positive behaviors and inhibited development of negative behaviors. The current study used growth mixture models to examine effects of the Positive Action (PA) program on behavioral trajectories of social-emotional and character development (SECD) and misconduct using data from a cluster-randomized trial that involved 14 schools and a sample of predominately low-income, urban youth followed from 3rd through 8th grade. For SECD, findings indicated that PA was similarly effective at improving trajectories within latent classes characterized as "high/declining" and "low/stable". Favorable program effects were likewise evident to a comparable degree for misconduct across observed latent classes that reflected "low/rising" and "high/rising" trajectories. These findings suggest that PA and perhaps other school-based universal SEL programs have the potential to yield comparable benefits across subgroups of youth with differing trajectories of positive and negative behaviors, making them promising strategies for achieving the intended goal of school-wide improvements in student outcomes.

  14. [Die baltischen Lande im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung. Livland, Estland, Ösel, Ingermanland, Kurland und Lettgallen. Stadt, Land und Konfession 1500-1721. Teil I] / Heinrich Wittram

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wittram, Heinrich, 1931-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus : Die baltischen Lande im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung. Livland, Estland, Ösel, Ingermanland, Kurland und Lettgallen. Stadt, Land und Konfession 1500-1721. Teil I. Münster : Aschendorff, 2009. (Katholisches Leben und Kirchenreform im Zeitalter der Glaubensspaltung, 69)

  15. [Die baltischen Lande im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung : Livland, Estland, Ösel, Ingermanland, Kurland und Lettgallen : Stadt, Land und Konfession 1500-1721. Teil 4. Hrsg. von Matthias Asche, Werner Buchholtz und Anton Schindlin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maasing, Madis, 1984-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Die baltischen Lande im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung : Livland, Estland, Ösel, Ingermanland, Kurland und Lettgallen : Stadt, Land und Konfession 1500-1721. Teil 4. (Katholisches Leben und Kirchenreform im Zeitalter der Glaubensspaltung, 72). Hrsg. von Matthias Asche, Werner Buchholtz und Anton Schindling. Verlag Aschendorff. Münster 2012

  16. [Matthias Asche, Werner Buchholz, Anton Schindling. Die baltischen Lande im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung : Livland, Estland, Ösel, Ingermanland, Kurland und Lettgallen; Stadt, Land und Konfession 1500-1721. T. 1-3] / Axel von C

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Campenhausen, Axel von

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Asche, Matthias, Bucholz, Werner, Achindling, Anton. (Hrsg.) Die baltischen Lande im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung : Livland, Estland, Ösel, Ingermanland, Kurland und Lettgallen; Stadt, Land und Konfession 1500-1721. T. 1-3. Münster: Aschendorff Verlag 2009, 2010, 2011

  17. Producción de biodiésel por etanolisis utilizando aceites de fritura de hoteles y su uso en calderas pirotubulares

    OpenAIRE

    Bulla-Pereira, Edwin Alberto; Guerrero-Fajardo, Carlos Alberto; Sierra-Vargas, Fabio Emiro

    2015-01-01

    La producción de biocombustibles a partir del aceite usado de fritura (AUF) es una importante alternativa para utilizarse en la generación de biodiésel, además su uso contribuiría en la reutilización de un producto altamente contaminante. Este trabajo busca determinar el mayor rendimiento del proceso de producción de ésteres etílicos a partir de los parámetros: relación molar AUF/etanol (1:5 - 1:7), porcentaje de catalizador en peso (0,5 - 0,7%wt), temperatura de reacción (50 - 60 °C) y como ...

  18. Preparation and characterization of semiconductor thin film cells of n-CdSe and CdSel-x Tex. Application in solar cells of liquid union

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gutierrez, M.A.

    1987-01-01

    The development of the new energy sources, constitutes one of the most active and changing investigation areas of nowday. Within this frame, the conservation of photovoltaic solar energy, has taken a particular importance, as these systems become directly the photovoltaic solar energy, which incises on a semiconductor, in electric energy. In spite of this advantage, the use of photovoltaic systems is limited, being the main reason for this, the still high cost of the devices. One of the objectives of this Memory is to contribute to the reduction of these photovoltaic devices by using available methods for the preparation of photosensitive material, and for the union formation. The chosen preparation method is the electrochemical one and the electric field is made up in the interphase semiconductor/electrolyte, dipping the semiconductor in a convenient electrolyte. Summarizing, it can be said that the Memory's objetive presented is to discover the experiences realized in the electrochemical preparation of the n-CdSel-x Tex and its characterization by chemical analysis, X-rays difraction, electronic microscope of swept, optical techniques and photoelectrochemical methods. From the data obtained with these techniques, a study of the physical parameters evolution which determine the photovoltaic properties of the semiconductor, is made, as: the concentration of minoritary carriers, ND, and the diffusion length of these carriers, LP. Finally, taking into account the results obtained by the characterization of n-CdSe and CdSel-x Tex, is made from the construction of the photoelectrochemical cell, using two kinds of electrolyte: sulfide- polysulfide ands ferro-ferricyanide. (Author)

  19. La teneur en iode du sel de cuisine consommé à Lubumbashi et le statut iode des personnes vulnérables: cas de femmes enceintes de milieux défavorisés

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banza, Bienvenue Ilunga; Lumbu, Jean Baptiste Simbi; Donnen, Philippe; Twite, Eugène Kabange; Kwete, Daniel Mikobi; Kazadi, Costa Mwadianvita; Ozoza, Jean Okolonken; Habimana, Laurence; Kalenga, Prosper Muenze Kayamba; Robert, Annie

    2016-01-01

    Introduction La consommation du sel faiblement iodé peut engendrer des troubles divers liés à la carence iodée Ce travail a pour objectif d’évaluer la teneur en iode du sel consommé à Lubumbashi et de déterminer le statut iodé des femmes enceintes, cible privilégiée de la carence iodée. Méthodes Une étude transversale descriptive a été consacrée à une analyse iodométrique d'iode dans 739 échantillons de sel collectés dans les ménages et marchés de Lubumbashi en 2014. Précédemment, l'iode urinaire a été déterminé par la technique de minéralisation au persulfate d'ammonium chez 225 femmes enceintes reçues en consultation du 15 mars 2009 au 25 avril 2011. Résultats Notre enquête a révélé 47,5% des échantillons de sels de cuisine adéquatement iodés (15 à 40 ppm), 36,9% d’échantillons faiblement iodés, 7,4% d’échantillons trop riches en iode et 8,1% des échantillons non iodés. La disponibilité en iode du sel de cuisine analysé était globalement de 54,9%, se trouvant nettement en dessous des normes OMS (90%). En mesurant l'iode urinaire chez la femme enceinte, la carence iodée (iode urinaire <150 µg/l) a été observée dans une proportion de 52%. Conclusion La faible disponibilité en iode du sel consommé à Lubumbashi pourrait être responsable d'une grande proportion de la carence iodée observée chez la femme enceinte, ce qui expose celle-ci aux risques majeurs des troubles dus à la carence en iode. PMID:27279956

  20. Determinação espectrofotométrica de selênio em rações para animais empregando análise por injeção em fluxo

    OpenAIRE

    Rejane Mara Frizzarin

    2008-01-01

    Na presente dissertação foi desenvolvido um procedimento automático para a determinação de selênio em rações para animais doméstico digeridas em meio ácido. O método automatizado foi baseado no efeito catalítico do selênio(IV) na reação de sulfato de ferro amoniacal com EDTA em meio contendo NaNO3. O módulo de análise foi baseado no processo de multicomutação em fluxo. Tendo em vista que reação tem cinética lenta, o módulo de análise foi projetado com seis bobinas de reação acopladas em paral...

  1. Evolution de la perméabilité d'agrégats de sels sous contrainte liée à des circulations de fluides : dissolution, colmatage, déformation

    OpenAIRE

    Chen , Tao

    1994-01-01

    Le but de ce travail est d'étudier l'évolution de la perméabilité d'agrégats de sels sous contrainte lorsque les fluides circulant dans ces agrégats peuvent réagir avec le solide par des dissolutions et/ou des colmatages. Des essais de circulation de divers fluides à travers des échantillons de briques de sels sous contrainte ont permis de suivre l'évolution de la composition des fluides en cours d'essai. L'évolution des matériaux a été aussi caractérisée en cours d'essai (mesure de vitesse a...

  2. Comportement mécanique des cavités dans le sel. Etat actuel de nos connaissances Mechanical Behaviour of Salt Cavities. Present State of Our Knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boucly P.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available L'utilisation depuis dix ans des premières cavités salines créées sur le site de Tersanne s'est accompagnée d'une réduction de leur volume relativement importante. Cette observation a conduit le Gaz de France à développer d'importantes études sur le comportement rhéologique du sel dans lequel sont creusées les cavités. Ces études, effectuées en collaboration avec des laboratoires universitaires, ont consisté en de nombreux essais en laboratoire (essais de longue durée à la température des terrains visant à déterminer les lois de comportement du matériau. Parallèlement, des modèles de calcul de divers degrés de complexité ont été élaborés afin de prendre en compte ces lois dans l'estimation de la stabilité et de la tenue à long terme de la cavité. Ces études ont abouti récemment à la mise au point d'un premier modèle de comportement du sel qui rend compte de l'ensemble des observations effectuées à ce jour sur les cavités. Grâce à ce modèle, il est maintenant possible d'étudier quelle influence a sur leur volume un type d'utilisation donné des cavités. The exploitation over the last ten years of the first salt cavities created in the Tersanne area has resulted in a relatively large decrease in their volume. This observation led Gaz de France to do extensive research on the rheological behavior of the salt into which cavities are leached. This research, performed in cooperation with university laboratories, consisted of numerous laboratory tests (long-duration tests at formation temperatures to determine the behavior laws of the material. At the same time, models for computing different degrees of complexity were developed to take these laws into account in evaluating the stability and long-term resistance of the cavity. This research has recently resulted in the development of an initial salt-behavior model involving all the observations made concerning these cavities to date. This model can now be

  3. EFEK PEMBERIAN KOMBINASI BUAH SIRIH (Piper betle L FRUIT, DAUN MIYANA (Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR. LEAF, MADU DAN KUNING TELUR TERHADAP PENINGKATAN AKTIVITAS DAN KAPASITAS FAGOSITOSIS SEL MAKROFAG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun Astuti Nugroho

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang, kombinasi buah sirih (Piper betle L, daun miyana (Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR, madu dan kuning telur dimanfaatkan oleh masyarakat Sulawesi Utara untuk mengobati malaria.  Diharapkan kombinasi buah sirih (Piper betle L, daun miyana (Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR, madu dan kuning telur juga memiliki potensi untuk merangsang respon imun. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian kombinasi buah sirih (Piper betle L, daun miyana (Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR, madu dan kuning telur terhadap aktivitas dan kapasitas sel makrofag. Metode, tiga puluh ekor mencit Swiss dibagi ke dalam 5 grup. Grup I mendapatkan air suling, grup II mendapatkan 0,55 mg/20g BB Stimuno. Sementara kelompok perlakuan: grup III sampai V masing-masing mendapatkan  0,07 mL; 0,21 mL; 0,6 mL/20 g BB. Bahan uji diberikan secara oral pada hari pertama sampai dengan ketujuh. Pada hari kedelapan, kepada masing-masing mencit disuntik secara intraperitoneal bakteri Staphylococcus aureus (SA. Aktivitas dan kapasitas sel  makrofag dihitung dari sediaan apus cairan peritoneum dengan menghitung persentase fagosit yang melakukan fagositosis dari 100 fagosit. Kapasitas fagositosis ditetapkan berdasarkan jumlah SA yang difagositosis oleh 50 fagosit aktif. Hasil, aktivitas dan kapasitas sel makrofag meningkat seiring dengan peningkatan dosis kombinasi buah sirih (Piper betle L, daun miyana (Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR, madu dan kuning telur dibandingkan dengan kontrol negatif. Kata  kunci: Buah sirih, Piper betle L, Makrofag, Fagositosis 

  4. İÇSEL PAZARLAMA UYGULAMALARININ İŞLETME PERFORMANSI ÜZERİNE ETKİSİ: KAMU-ÖZEL HASTANE KARŞILAŞTIRMASI

    OpenAIRE

    ERGÜN, Zührem

    2013-01-01

    Son yıllarda hizmet sektöründeki hızlı gelişmeler, sektör içinde hizmet konusuna verilen önemin bir göstergesidir. İşletmeler sürekli olarak değişen ve gelişen çevre koşullarına uyum sağlayabilmek konusunda çeşitli hizmetlerden yararlanmaktadır. Sektörel farklılık nedeniyle, hizmetlerde sektörlere göre değişim göstermektedir. Her alanda hizmete olan talep gibi, sağlık kuruluşları alanında da giderek artan bir talep söz konusudur. Sağlık kuruluşlarında da önemi giderek artan hizmetin içsel paz...

  5. Interaksi Ekstrak Sambiloto (Andrographis paniculata (Burm.F.Ness dengan Glibenklamid terhadap Ekspresi Gen CYP3A4 pada Kultur Sel HepG2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andzar Fikranus Shofa

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes melitus (DM merupakan salah satu penyakit metabolik kronis yang ditandai dengan hiperglikemia. Berbagai terapi dilakukan untuk mengatasi hiperglikemia, baik dengan menggunakan obat antidiabetes oral maupun tanaman herbal berkhasiat antidiabetes. Sambiloto (Andrographis paniculata (Burm.F.Nees merupakan salah satu herbal antidiabetes yang banyak dikonsumsi masyarakat Indonesia. Andrografolida merupakan zat aktif yang terdapat dalam sambiloto yang berperan sebagai agen antidiabetes. Namun, dalam banyak kasus kombinasi antara herbal dan obat sintesis menyebabkan interaksi jika digunakan pada waktu bersamaan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh data interaksi ekstrak etanol herba sambiloto dengan glibenklamid terhadap ekspresi gen CYP3A4 pada kultur sel HepG2. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terjadi penurunan ekspresi gen CYP3A4 pada pengujian sampel tunggal maupun kombinasi antara ekstrak etanol herba sambiloto dan glibenklamid dengan bertambahnya konsentrasi. Pada konsentrasi 50 dan 100 μg/mL sambiloto, glibenklamid, dan kombinasinya menyebabkan penurunan ekspresi gen CYP3A4 sekitar 0,82, 0,70; 0,89, 0,53; 0,84, 0,72. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut dapat disimpulkan terjadi penurunan ekspresi gen CYP3A4 dengan bertambahnya konsentrasi sampel.

  6. PROTEKSI VAKSIN MONOVALEN DAN KOKTAIL SEL UTUH TERHADAP KO-INFEKSI Mycobacterium fortuitum DAN Aeromonas hydrophila PADA IKAN GURAME, Osphronemus gouramy Uni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uni Purwaningsih

    2014-08-01

    serangan agen patogen. Pemberian vaksin diharapkan dapat merangsang respons imun spesifik dan non spesifik pada ikan. Keberhasilan vaksinasi dipengaruhi oleh konsentrasi antigen, reaksi silang dan kompetisi di antara antigen yang berbeda. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis level proteksi vaksin monovalen dan koktail sel utuh terhadap ko-infeksi M. fortuitum dan A. hydrophila pada ikan gurame. Respons imun perlakuan vaksin monovalen maupun koktail pada gurame pasca ko-infeksi menunjukkan nilai parameter-parameter yaitu: hematokrit, hemoglobin, indeks fagositik, persentase fagositik, titer antibodi, uji respiratory burst (NBT, aktivitas komplemen, dan diferensial leukosit yang berbeda nyata (P<0,05 dibanding kontrol. Vaksin monovalen A. hydrophila menunjukkan nilai RPS sebesar 92,3% dan monovalen M. fortuitum sebesar 78,6% setelah ditantang dengan infeksi tunggal bakteri homolog namun menunjukkan proteksi yang rendah terhadap ko-infeksi. Vaksin koktail 50Mf :50Ah memberikan proteksi yang lebih baik dari vaksin monovalen pasca uji tantang dengan ko-infeksi bakteri M. fortuitum dan A. hydrophila.

  7. Detecting early response to cyclophosphamide treatment of RIF-1 tumors using selective multiple quantum spectroscopy (SelMQC) and dynamic contrast enhanced imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poptani, Harish; Bansal, Navin; Graham, Robert A; Mancuso, Anthony; Nelson, David S; Glickson, Jerry D

    2003-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable, noninvasive method for early detection of tumor response to therapy that would facilitate optimization of treatment regimens to the needs of the individual patient. In the present study, the effects of cyclophosphamide (Cp, a widely used alkylating agent) were monitored in a murine radiation induced fibrosarcoma (RIF-1) using in vivo (1)H NMR spectroscopy and imaging to evaluate the potential of these techniques towards early detection of treatment response. Steady-state lactate levels and Gd-DTPA uptake kinetics were measured using selective multiple quantum coherence (Sel-MQC) transfer spectroscopy and dynamic contrast enhanced imaging, respectively in RIF-1 tumors before, 24 and 72 h after 300 mg/kg of Cp administration. High-resolution (1)H NMR spectra of perchloric acid extracts of the tumor were correlated with lactate and glucose concentrations determined enzymatically. In vivo NMR experiments showed a decrease in steady-state lactate to water ratios (5.4 +/- 1.6 to 0.6 +/- 0.5, p < 0.05) and an increase in Gd-DTPA uptake kinetics following treatment response. The data indicate that decreases in lactate result from decreased glycolytic metabolism and an increase in tumor perfusion/permeability. Perchloric acid extracts confirmed the lower lactate levels seen in vivo in treated tumors and also indicated a higher glycerophosphocholine/phosphocholine (GPC/PC) integrated intensity ratio (1.39 +/- 0.09 vs 0.97 +/- 0.04, p < 0.01), indicative of increased membrane degradation following Cp treatment. Steady-state lactate levels provide metabolic information that correlates with changes in tumor physiology measured by Gd-DTPA uptake kinetics with high spatial and temporal resolution. Both of these parameters may be useful for monitoring early tumor response to therapy. Copyright 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  8. Eosinophilic pneumonitis induced by aerosol-administered diesel oil and pyrethrum to mice Neumonía eosinofílica inducida por aerosol de aceite diésel y piretroide en ratones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Lúcia B. Garcia

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To confirm the episode of eosinophilic pneumonitis that occurred in March 2001 in Manaus, Amazon, northern Brazil, as secondary to home aerosolization with 2% cypermethrin diluted in diesel compared with the more conventional 1% cypermethrin and soybean solution used in prophylaxis of dengue. METHODS: Four groups of Swiss mice were kept in polycarbonate cages aerosolized with one of the following solutions: diesel, diesel and cypermethrin, soy oil and cypermethrin, and saline. Three and 6 days after exposure, resistance and compliance of the respiratory system and white cell kinetics in peripheral blood and lung tissue were analyzed. RESULTS: The group exposed to diesel and cypermethrin showed higher respiratory system resistance (p OBJETIVO: Confirmar el episodio de neumonía eosinofílica ocurrido en marzo de 2001 en Manaus, Amazonas, en el norte de Brasil, secundario al uso de aerosol de cipermetrina diluida al 2% en aceite diésel en las viviendas en comparación con la profilaxis más convencional contra el dengue, basada en cipermetrina al 1% con aceite de soya. MÉTODOS: Se mantuvieron cuatro grupos de ratones suizos en jaulas de policarbonato y se aplicó aerosol con una de las siguientes soluciones: aceite diésel, aceite diésel y cipermetrina, aceite de soya y cipermetrina, y solución salina. Se analizaron la resistencia y el funcionamiento del sistema respiratorio y la cinética de leucocitos en sangre periférica y tejido pulmonar a los tres y seis días después de la exposición. RESULTADOS: El grupo expuesto a aceite diésel y cipermetrina mostró mayor resistencia del sistema respiratorio (P < 0,001, peor funcionamiento (P = 0,03 y más eosinófilos en sangre (P = 0,03 y tejido pulmonar (P = 0,005 que los otros grupos. Se observó un aumento de neutrófilos en sangre en todos los grupos experimentales al tercer día después de la exposición (P < 0,001. CONCLUSIONES: El aceite diésel con cipermetrina indujo una

  9. Diseño y simulación de una planta para la producción de biodiésel a partir de Jatropha curcas L. en el departamento de Bolívar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Rafael De la Rosa Ramos

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años los biocombustibles han sido estudiados como una alternativa frente al uso de combustibles fósiles. Dentro de las recientes fuentes de producción de biodiésel se destaca la Jatropha curcas L. (J. curcas cuyo aceite no es comestible, tiene buenos rendimientos, presentando con esto mayores ventajas que las materias primas tradicionales. En el presente trabajo se desarrolló un diseño conceptual y simulación del proceso de producción de biodiésel a partir del aceite de J. curcas, mediante la simulación de sus etapas en el software HYSYS®. Para este estudio, se trabajó con 11000kg/h de aceite como materia prima, se tuvo en cuenta una etapa de esterificación debido a los altos contenidos de ácidos grasos libres (FFA presentes en este aceite y se emplearon diversos modelos termodinámicos, lo cual permitió obtener un biocombustible con una composición mayor al 98% (masa en metilésteres. En cuanto a las propiedades fisicoquímicas del aceite y biodiésel obtenido por la simulación y correlaciones para la estimación de propiedades, se apreció concordancia con los datos experimentales reportados por diferentes autores, así como por normas ASTM D6751 y el Estándar Europeo EN-12214 que regulan sus características. Estos resultados permitieron identificar a la J. curcas como una alternativa viable para la producción de biocombustibles, y su posible implementación a escala industrial en el departamento de Bolívar, al no poner en riesgo la seguridad alimenticia y propiciar la producción de biocombustibles en Colombia a partir de fuentes vegetales no comestibles

  10. Propuesta de mejora para el mantenimiento del equipo pesado de la constructora COANDES S.A. basado en un análisis del aceite lubricante usado en los motores de combustión interna diésel

    OpenAIRE

    Arévalo Avalos, David Alejandro

    2015-01-01

    Se realiza una propuesta de mejora proactiva-predictiva para el mantenimiento efectuado por COANDES. Primero se efectúa una evaluación de criticidad de los equipos y un estudio del aceite usado en los motores de combustión interna diésel. Finalmente se propone un modelo de análisis de fallas basado en los resultados que incluye un software de interpretación de resultados de análisis de aceite. The investigation performs a proposal for proactive-predictive improvement for the maintenance by...

  11. Estudio de la influencia del número de Peclet sobre la eficiencia de filtrado y la pérdida de presión de filtros de partículas diésel

    OpenAIRE

    BELENGUER ALMÉCIJA, SALVADOR

    2016-01-01

    [ES] Los límites impuestos por las normativas que regulan las emisiones contaminantes de los motores Diésel y gasolina de inyección directa hacen necesaria la presencia, entre otros sistemas de post-tratamiento, de un filtro de partículas (PF) en la línea de escape del motor. Las prestaciones de un PF varían con las condiciones fluido-dinámicas. En este proyecto se propone analizar la relación entre la variación de las condiciones de operación del filtro, caracterizadas por medio del número d...

  12. Listado de especies recopiladas en salidas de campo a Alceda (Corvera de Toranzo), Obregón y Sel de la Carrera (Luena), en Cantabria, entre 1942 y 1950

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Listado de las especies observadas durante numerosas salidas de campo a Alceda (Corvera de Toranzo), Obregón y Sel de la Carrera (Luena), en Cantabria, realizadas entre 1942 y 1950, entre las que se incluyen las siguientes aves: Accipiter gentilis (Azor común), Accipiter nisus (Gavilán común, también llamado Astur palumbarius por el autor), Actitis hypoleucos (Andarríos chico, llamado Actynioides hypoleucus por el autor), Aegithalos caudatus (Mito), Anthus campestris (Bisbita campestre), Alce...

  13. PENGUKURAN BIAYA KUALITAS : SUATU PARADIGMA ALTERNATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Kussetya Ciptani

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Improving quality is an essential thing for a company to exist in the business competitive world. It's not time for a company to focus only on a high sales volume, but it's time for a company to focus on customer satisfaction. If the company can give customer satisfaction through their product, they will achieve maximum profit automatically. They are many method techniques to identify quality cost appeared in a company. It is very easy to control quality cost in a company if they are accounting data about it. But it will be very difficult to control the quality cost if the cost is hidden and can not be seen on accounting data. Variety techniques have been developed to solve this hidden quality cost. One of these method is Taguchi Method. By using Taguchi Method, a company will be helped to control and estimate quality cost especially hidden quality cost. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Peningkatan Kualitas merupakan suatu hal yang paling esensial bagi suatu perusahaan untuk tetap eksis dalam dunia bisnis yang competitif ini. Kini sudah tidak jamannya lagi perusahaan hanya mementingkan volume penjualan yang begitu besar untuk mencapai keuntungan yang maksimal, tetapi lebih berorientasi pada aspek kepuasan konsumen. Dengan adanya kemampuan perusahaan untuk memberikan kepuasan terhadap konsumen yang membeli produknya, maka secara otomatis perusahaan akan mencapai keuntungan yang maksimal. Oleh karena itu dikembangkan berbagai cara dan teknik untuk mengidentifikasi besarnya biaya kualitas (kerugian yang muncul akibat barang yang dihasilkan menyimpang dari standar suatu perusahaan. Apabila biaya kualitas yang muncul tersebut nampak dalam catatan akuntansi perusahaan yang bersangkutan, maka perusahaan akan lebih mudah melakukan pengendalian, tetapi apabila biaya kualitas tersebut sifatnya tersembunyi, maka akan lebih sulit untuk melakukan pengendalian dan estimasi. Berbagai teknik telah dikembangkan untuk memecahkan masalah Hidden Quality Cost ini. Salah satu metode yang populer adalah dengan menggunakan metode Taguchi. Dengan metode Taguchi ini akan membantu perusahaan dalam melakukan pengendalian dan estimasi khususnya terhadap biaya kualitas yang tersembunyi. Kata kunci : biaya kualitas, biaya kualitas tersembunyi, metode Taguchi

  14. PENGUKURAN KONSERVATISME AKUNTANSI: SEBUAH LITERATUR REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anggita Langgeng

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is a study of the literature that discusses the measurement of accounting conservatism. Research about accounting conservatism raises several alternative methods that can be used to measure the level of accounting conservatism in a company. With reference to some previous literature it can be conclude that conservatism can be measured by several methods, including: 1 the market model of Basu (1997, 2 market to book ratio approach, 3 operating income approach, 4 the accrual of cash flow approach, 5 non-operating accrual approach.

  15. PENGUKURAN EFISIENSI PERBANKAN SYARIAH BERBASIS MANAJEMEN RISIKO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferry Prasetyia

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Efficiency was very important to note because it reflected the performance of a bank. This research aimed todetermine the level of efficiency of Islamic banking in Indonesia using risk management approach during theperiod 2005 to 2009. The samples in this research were commercial Islamic banks and sharia business unit.Commercial Islamic banks consisted of Bank Syariah Mandiri, Bank Syariah Mega, and Bank Muamalat.While the Sharia Business Unit consisted of Bank Permata and Bank Niaga. This research used Data EnvelopmentAnalysis (DEA to obtain the level of efficiency of each bank which was being investigated. Inputvariables used in this study were the input variable of risk such as operational risk, liquidity risk, andfinancing risk. While the output used was the total financing, and revenue sharing. The results showed thatlevels of efficiency in this research period, Bank Syariah Mandiri and Bank Muamalat always had an efficientcondition. This was because the number of customers of the two banks were large and both of them had arelatively large branch network.

  16. PENGUKURAN AKTFITAS FISIK PADA USIA LANJUT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dien GA Nursa

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Kehilangan fungsi pada Usia lanjut merupakan tahapan akhir dari berbagai penyakit yang dialami Usia lanjut. Kemunduran fungsional berarti menurunnya kemampuan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan pribadi dan hal ini dapat diukur dengan menilaiADL (Activity Daily Life, termasuk didalamnya mobility, eating, toileting, dressing, grooming. Halini dapat pula dilanjutkan dengan memeriksa aktivitas tambahan sehari-hari IADL seperti berbelanja, pergi ke bank, memasak, menyetir, membersihkan rumah atau menggunakan fasilitas kendaraan umum. Sebagai tambahan, pemeriksaan objektif dari fungsi kognitif dan perilaku serta ekonomi, sosial, emosionaljuga dibutuhkan untuk memperoleh data yang lengkap mengenai fungsi tubuh yang berhubungan dengan kesehatan pada Usia lanjut.

  17. Pengukuran Kinerja Perpustakaan Dengan Pendekatan Balanced Scorecard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Devani

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to investigate, identify and describe the performance level and the factor which impacts to the performance of the Perpustakaan Tun Seri Lanang (PTSL using Balanced Scorecard approach. The descriptive analysis was used to proceed data on 4 perspectives, were financial, customer, internal business process and learning and growth, respestively. The questionnaires were distributed to 24 employees and 120 questionnaires were distributed to customers. The finding shosw that performance level of PTSL is in good category by the total score 41.75. Performance level of another perspective shows financial performance is very good by the total score 9, customer performance is good by the total score 3.62, internal business process performance is very good by the total score 8.79 and learning and growth performance is good by the total score the 19.34. Based on findings recommendation is formulated in order that PTSL should focus on employee productivity and customer satisfaction.

  18. Servqual sebagai Alternatif Pendekatan Pengukuran Kualitas Layanan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aisyah Larasati

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Kualitas layanan dapat diukur dengan cara membandingkan harapan/keinginan pelanggan terhadap layanan yang diterima dengan persepsi pelanggan terhadap layanan yang benar-benar ia terima. Kepuasan konsumen tercapai saat persepsi konsumen terhadap layanan yang ia terima lebih baik dibandingkan harapannya. Servqual mengukur kualitas layanan pada 5 titik kesenjangan yang mungkin terjadi selama proses penyampaian layanan oleh penyampai jasa kepada konsumen. Metode Servqual sangat sesuai untuk mengukur kualitas layanan jasa karena dimensi-dimensi yang ada mampu mengukur performansi dari aspek-aspek yang mempengaruhi kepuasan pelanggan terhadap suatu kualitas layanan jasa.

  19. PENGUKURAN TINGKAT KEBISINGAN PADA KAPAL COASTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Julianto Sasono

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The noise on the ship is a fitness factor. When it is over, can effect the healthy and concentration of crews, finally it can effect safety of ships. The rules of noise level for commercial ship is inserted in ”Code on noise levels on board ships” of IMO. The noise level evaluate of Coaster ship have done when the main machine speed is 85 % MCR. The evaluate used Noise Onsoku of equipment. The navigation when it was evaluated was sea trial. As a result, the noise level of Coaster ship is still get the specification of IMO codes.

  20. Algoritma Filter Kalman untuk Menghaluskan Data Pengukuran

    OpenAIRE

    Rudiyanto; Setiawan, Budi Indra; Saptomo, Satyanto Krido

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to apply a simple algorithm of Kalman Filter, wich is know as noise data filtering. The computer program was written in Macro Visual Basic in MS Exel. Testings were carried out on available temperature, Water level and force data and then were comared with the mooving average method. The result shows that the algorithm performed better and lesser deviation than the mooving average.

  1. Algoritma Filter Kalman untuk Menghaluskan Data Pengukuran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudiyanto

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to apply a simple algorithm of Kalman Filter, wich is know as noise data filtering. The computer program was written in Macro Visual Basic in MS Exel. Testings were carried out on available temperature, Water level and force data and then were comared with the mooving average method. The result shows that the algorithm performed better and lesser deviation than the mooving average.

  2. Determinación de puntos óptimos para la localización e implantación de plantas de biodiésel en el estado de Tocantins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karyn Siebert Pinedo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene como objetivo mostrar el resultado de un análisis realizado en el Estado de Tocantins (Brasil con la finalidad de determinar los puntos óptimos para la instalación de usinas para la fabricación de biodiésel. Para este análisis fueron considerados las variables del tipo transporte, producción, almacenamiento, abastecimiento de materia prima como sebo, aceite o cualquier otro producto que pueda servir para producir biodiésel. Sabemos que en tiempos actuales para obtener un buen resultado, las empresas tienen que centrarse en un análisis riguroso de la cadena logística, que tiene como objetivo a un menor costo posible hacer que los productos y servicios queden disponibles en algún lugar donde sea necesario. Para obtener los resultados usamos en nuestro modelo matemático la Programación Lineal Entera Mixta (PLEM y después la técnica de escenarios afín de obtener un resultado satisfactorio.

  3. Concentração e retenção do selênio em peixes marinhos Concentration and retention of selenium in marine fish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Tenuta Filho

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available O pescado contém substancialmente maiores concentrações de selênio (Se do que outras carnes e é, por isso, considerado a maior fonte dietária desse nutriente. Ao mesmo tempo, o pescado também é a maior fonte de ingestão de mercúrio (Hg na dieta humana, cuja toxidez pode ser reduzida pelo Se, por interação entre ambos. Em consequência, a biodisponibilidade do Se é reduzida. No presente estudo, a ocorrência do Se foi avaliada em espécies marinhas de peixes brasileiros, comercialmente disponíveis, e determinada sua retenção em cação-mangona. Os níveis médios de Se encontrados nos peixes ósseos, corvina (Micropogonias furnieri, peixe-porco (Balistes capricus, pescada-branca e sardinha (Sardinella brasiliensis, 0,48 ± 0,18 μg.g-1, e nos peixes cartilaginosos, cação-anjo, cação-cambeva, cação-machote e cação-mangona, 0,36 ± 0,07 μg.g-1, não diferiram entre si (p > 0,05 e situaram-se na mesma faixa de ocorrência indicada na literatura para peixes marinhos em geral. Os níveis de Se detectados nos cações (espécies predadoras não permitem o estabelecimento de relação estequiométrica suficiente para a interação com o Hg, visando à proteção tóxica esperada. A retenção efetiva do Se medida em cação-mangona, após extração com água, foi considerada elevada (mínimo de 68,81% e importante sob os pontos de vista nutricional e toxicológico.Fish contains considerably higher selenium (Se concentrations than other kinds of meats, and thus it is considered a major dietary source of this nutrient. At the same time, fish is also the major source of mercury (Hg in the human diet, whose toxicity can be reduced by the Se through the interaction between both compounds. In consequence, the biological availability of Se is reduced. In the current study, the occurrence of Se was evaluated in commercially available Brazilian marine species, and the retention of Se in sharks (sand tiger shark was determined. The

  4. Contribution to the study of uranyl salts in butyl phosphate solutions; Contribution a l'etude des solutions de sels d'uranyle dans les phosphates butyliques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coulon, A. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-06-01

    A spectroscopic study in the normal infrared region and involving the following associations: tri-alkyl phosphates (tri-butyl, tri-ethyl, tri-methyl), uranyl salts (nitrate, chloride, acetate) has confirmed the existence of an interaction between the phosphoryl group and the uranium atom, as shown by a movement of absorption band for the valency P = 0 from {approx} 1270 cm{sup -1} to {approx} 1180 cm{sup -1}. A study of the preparation, analysis and spectroscopy of the solids obtained by the precipitation of uranyl salts by acid butyl phosphates has been carried out. By infrared spectrophotometry it has been shown that the tri-butyl and di-butyl phosphates are associated in non-polar diluents even before the uranium is introduced. The extraction of uranyl salts from acid aqueous solutions by a diluted mixture of tri-butyl and di-butyl phosphates proceeds by different mechanisms according to the nature of the ion (nitrate or chloride). (author) [French] Une etude spectroscopique dans l'infrarouge moyen portant sur les associations: - phosphates trialcoyliques (tributylique - triethylique - trimethylique) - sels d'uranyle (nitrate, chlorure, acetate) a confirme l'existence d'une interaction entre le groupement phosphoryle et l'atome d'uranium, se manifestant par un deplacement de la bande d'absorption de la vibration de valence P = 0 de {approx} 1270 cm{sup -1} a {approx} 1180 cm{sup -1}. Une etude preparative, analytique et spectroscopique des solides obtenus par precipitation de sels d'uranyle par les phosphates butyliques acides a ete effectuee. La spectrophotomerie infrarouge met en evidence l'association, anterieure a toute introduction d'uranium, des phosphates tributylique et dibutylique dans des diluants non polaires. L'extraction de sels d'uranyle, d'une solution aqueuse acide par un melange dilue de phosphates tributylique et dibutylique, s'effectue suivant des processus differents a la

  5. Concentrações de selênio na dieta e nas unhas de pré-escolares de um centro de educação infantil de São Paulo-SP
    Selenium in diet and nails of preschool from the nursery in São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. R. SILVA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available

    O estudo objetivou determinar a concentração de selênio nas unhas e na dieta consumida por 66 pré-escolares matriculados em um Centro de Educação Infantil do Município de São Paulo. Para a obtenção do consumo alimentar foi utilizado o método de registro alimentar, com a aplicação da pesagem direta dos alimentos. Os teores de selênio na dieta e nas unhas foram determinados por espectrometria de absorção atômica em forno de grafi te. A ingestão média de selênio das crianças de 2 a 3 anos foi de 18,7μg/dia e das de 4 a 6 anos de 29,5μg/dia. Os teores de selênio nas unhas das crianças de 2 a 3 anos foi 0,50μg/g e nas de 4 a 6 anos 0,48μg/g. Os resultados sugerem que os pré-escolares recebem na instituição uma alimentação adequada com relação ao selênio.

  6. Diagnóstico de fallos en la combustión para motores de combustión interna alternativos diésel por análisis de vibraciones

    OpenAIRE

    Criollo Jadán, Olger Rodrigo; Matute Bravo, Héctor Marcelo

    2014-01-01

    Los motores diésel y sus constantes innovaciones en la gestión electrónica y de control en el proceso de combustión, a través de sistemas sofisticados de inyección directa exigen un adecuado mantenimiento; el análisis de vibraciones a través del estudio de la imagen espectral producto de la aplicación del algoritmo computacional de la transformada rápida de Fourier de la señal en el tiempo se ha convertido en una técnica a ser aplicada. The diesel engines and their constant innovation in t...

  7. Study of acid-base properties in various water-salt and water-organic solvent mixtures; Etude de proprietes acides-bases dans divers melanges eau-sels et eau-solvants organiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lucas, M [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1968-02-01

    Acid-base reactions have been studied in water-salt mixtures and water organic solvent-mixtures. It has been possible to find some relations between the displacement of the equilibria and the numerical value of water activity in the mixture. First have been studied some equilibria H{sup +} + B {r_reversible} HB{sup +} in salt-water mixtures and found a relation between the pK{sub A} value, the solubility of the base and water activity. The reaction HO{sup -} + H{sup +} {r_reversible} H{sub 2}O has been investigated and a relation been found between pK{sub i} values, water activity and the molar concentration of the salt in the mixture. This relation is the same for every mixture. Then the same reactions have been studied in organic solvent-water mixtures and a relation found in the first part of the work have been used with success. So it has been possible to explain easily some properties of organic water-mixture as the shape of the curves of the Hammett acidity function Ho. (authors) [French] Nous avons envisage l'etude des reactions acides-bases dans des melanges eau-sels MX et des melanges d'eau et de solvants organiques. Les uns et les autres ont ete choisis de facon a ce que la basicite du solvant ou celle de l'anion X{sup -} soit negligeable devant celle de l'eau dans les melanges consideres. Dans un premier temps nous avons etudie dans les melanges eau-sels MX les equilibres H{sup +} + B {r_reversible} HB{sup +} et HA {r_reversible} H{sup +} + A{sup -}. On montre que connaissant la valeur de la solubilite de la base B et de l'acide HA dans le melange eau-sel considere et dans l'eau pure et celle de l'activite de l'eau dans le melange, il est possible de prevoir la valeur de la constante de l'equilibre acide-base etudiee. Dans un deuxieme temps nous avons cherche a generaliser ces resultats, lorsque l'on remplace le sel MX dans le melange avec l'eau par un solvant organique. De meme que precedemment, nous avons compare les constantes d'equilibre du type HB

  8. Producción de biodiésel a partir de aceite de girasol en una planta piloto de reacción por cavitación

    OpenAIRE

    Gil Martín, Rocío

    2017-01-01

    En este trabajo, se realiza la puesta en marcha de una planta de reacción por cavitación para la obtención de biodiésel. El principal objetivo es la demostración de los beneficios, a nivel operativo, que produce la tecnología de cavitación. Para ello, se usa un reactor de cavitación de 1L de capacidad, en el cual se instalarán dos placas de orificio cuyo diseño depende de las propiedades de la mezcla. El proceso consta de una serie de pruebas usando aceite de girasol como ma...

  9. Bipolar tip-II bozuklukta ötimik dönemde psikososyal işlevselliğin klinik ve bilişsel yordayıcıları

    OpenAIRE

    İLHAN, Rifat Serav

    2014-01-01

    Amaç: Bipolar bozukluğu (BB) olan hastaların, iyileşme dönemlerinde de psikososyal işlevsellik kusuru yaşadıkları bildirilmektedir. Klinik belirtilerin ve bilişsel işlevlerdeki bozulmanın, hastaların ötimik dönemde psikososyal işlevselliğindeki bozulmayı yordadığı üzerinde durulmaktadır. Ancak bu konuya ilişkin bilgiler çoğunlukla, bipolar tip I bozuk...

  10. Extracción supercrítica de fracciones lipídicas de residuos de café para su transformación en biodiésel

    OpenAIRE

    Escribano León, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Proyecto Fin de Carrera leído en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos en el curso académico 2010/2011. Directores del Proyecto: Alicia García Sánchez y José Iglesias Morán Colaboradora: Rebeca Sánchez Vázquez El biodiésel se define como ésteres monoalquílicos de ácidos grasos de cadena larga derivados de lípidos renovables tales como aceites vegetales o grasas de animales. Es uno de los combustibles alternativos con mayor crecimiento en los últimos años. Además es biodegradable, no tóxi...

  11. Separation of calcium isotopes by counter-current electromigration in molten salts (1962); Separation des isotopes du calcium par electro-migration a contre-courant en sels fondus (1962)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menes, F; Dirian, G; Roth, E [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1962-07-01

    The method of counter-current electromigration in molten salts has been applied to calcium bromide with an alkali metal bromide added to the cathode compartment. Enrichments on calcium-46 greater than a factor of two were obtained at the anode. The mass effect was found to be about 0.06. An estimation of the cost of energy for a process based on this method has been made. (authors) [French] La methode d'electro-migration a contre-courant en sels fondus a ete appliquee au bromure de calcium additionne dans le compartiment cathodique d'un bromure alcalin. On a pu ainsi obtenir avec surete des enrichissements anodiques superieurs a 2 sur l'isotope 46, determiner l'effet de masse (environ 0,06) et faire une estimation sommaire du cout energetique d'un procede base sur cette methode. (auteurs)

  12. Sustitución de combustible diésel por gas licuado de petróleo en un tostador de café de la Torrefactora del Este en Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jehannara Calle Domínguez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El tema del uso racional de la energía y el cuidado del medio ambiente se ha convertido en una preocupación para dirigentes y técnicos relacionados con la investigación y los servicios, por el encarecimiento de los portadores energéticos y el impacto medioambiental. Actualmente en Cuba, el tostado de café se realiza utilizando diésel como portador energético, sin embargo, es conocido que a nivel mundial se utilizan preferentemente combustibles gaseosos, tales como, el gas natural y gas licuado de petróleo. En este trabajo se estudiaron algunos aspectos de factibilidad técnica-económica de sustitución del combustible diésel por gas licuado de petróleo en la Torrefactora del Este del Grupo Empresarial Cubacafé. Se realizó un balance de energía. Se calculó el volumen del tanque de almacenamiento requerido. Se obtuvo que la cantidad de gas licuado de petróleo necesaria sería de 1240 L diarios con un gasto de 496 dólares. En relación al aspecto ambiental, fue favorable, ya que se dejarían de emitir 383,8 kg de CO2 y 7,9 kg de SO2 por día; garantizándose una reducción en la cantidad de emisiones a la atmósfera.

  13. Sustitución de combustible diésel por gas licuado de petróleo en un tostador de café de la Torrefactora del Este en Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jehannara Calle Domínguez

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El tema del uso racional de la energía y el cuidado del medio ambiente se ha convertido en una preocupación para dirigentes y técnicos relacionados con la investigación y los servicios, por el encarecimiento de los portadores energéticos y el impacto medioambiental. Actualmente en Cuba, el tostado de café se realiza utilizando diésel como portador energético, sin embargo, es conocido que a nivel mundial se utilizan preferentemente combustibles gaseosos, tales como, el gas natural y gas licuado de petróleo. En este trabajo se estudiaron algunos aspectos de factibilidad técnica-económica de sustitución del combustible diésel por gas licuado de petróleo en la Torrefactora del Este del Grupo Empresarial Cubacafé. Se realizó un balance de energía. Se calculó el volumen del tanque de almacenamiento requerido. Se obtuvo que la cantidad de gas licuado de petróleo necesaria sería de 1240 L diarios con un gasto de 496 dólares. En relación al aspecto ambiental, fue favorable, ya que se dejarían de emitir 383,8 kg de CO2 y 7,9 kg de SO2 por día; garantizándose una reducción en la cantidad de emisiones a la atmósfera.

  14. Exchange reactions between a molten salt and a solution of tri-butyl phosphate in a liquid silicone; Reactions d'echange entre un sel fondu et une solution de phosphate de tributyle dans un silicone liquide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hertzog, D [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-07-01

    . The equilibrium constants for the reactions: (I) Co{sup 2+} + CN{sup -} {yields} CoCN{sup +} (II) Co{sup 2+} + Cl{sup -}{yields} CoCl{sup +} have been determined: K{sub 1} 10{sup -4}, K{sub 2} = 0.16. (author) [French] L'interet actuel porte aux sels fondus s'explique par leur emploi possible clans le domaine de l'energie nucleaire, en particulier comme supports de combustibles et comme agents de reprocessing. II nous a paru interessant de considerer un sel fondu comme un solvant et d'y etudier les phenomenes de partage avec une seconde phase stable a haute temperature. Le sel choisi est un eutectique ternaire de nitrates alcalins et la seconde phase est une solution de phosphate de tributyle dans un silicone liquide. La temperature de travail est fixee a 150 deg. C. Nous avons etudie en premier lieu la stabilite des deux phases et leurs solubilites respectives a cette temperature. On a demontre que les deux solvants sont immiscibles et stables. D'autre part nous avons decrit l'extraction par la solution de silicone de differents corps en solution dans la phase sel, determine les coefficients de partage et les formules des molecules extraites. Il nous a ete possible de calculer les coefficients de partage des cations suivants extraits sous la forme nitrates: Li{sup +}, Na{sup +}, K{sup +}, Sr{sup 2+}, Ca{sup 2+}, Ba{sup 2+}, Hg{sup 2+} dont les coefficients de partage sont tres faibles: Mg{sup 2+}, Ni{sup 2+}, Co{sup 2+}, Zn{sup 2+}, dont les rendements d'extraction sont superieurs a 50 pour cent; enfin Ce{sup 3+}, La{sup 3+}, UO{sub 2}{sup 2+}, tres extraits. De meme les anions suivants ont ete extraits sous forme de sels alcalins: F{sup -}, Cl{sup -}, Br{sup -}, I{sup -}, IO{sub 3}{sup -}, CN{sup -}, SO{sub 4}{sup -}, C{sub 2}O{sub 4}{sup -}, NO{sub 2}{sup -}. Parmi ceux-ci seuls les halogenes ont des coefficients de partage non negligeables. Dans certains cas particuliers, nous avons pu etudier l'influence de la formation de complexes sur les phenomenes d

  15. Dietary supplementation of chelated selenium and broiler chicken meat qualitySuplementação de selênio quelatado na ração e qualidade da carne de frango

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massami Shimokomaki

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px is selenium-containing enzyme, which catalyses the reduction of hydrogen peroxides and lipid hydroperoxides preventing the oxidative damages in animal tissues. The selenium (Se deficiency increases the need for vitamin E. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of chelated Se on the poultry meat quality. Fourteen Cobb chicks with 1 day of age were divided into two groups: C-Control group (without supplementation and S-Supplemented group (with 0.03mg of chelated Se.kg-1 of feed. Birds at 42 days of age were slaughtered and boneless skinless chicken thighs were collected and stored at –18ºC for 30 days. Thighs were analyzed for the cooking loss, lipid oxidation by Thiobarbituric-Acid-Reactive Substances (TBARS and GSH-Px activity by coupled assay procedure recording the NADPH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate reduced oxidation. Samples of Supplemented group presented 33.8% less water after cooking (p ? 0.05 and were 23.6% (p ? 0.10 less oxidized when compared with samples of group Control. The GSH-Px activity of thighs did not differ significantly (p> 0.05 between groups Supplemented and Control. The supplementation with 0.03mg of Se in the kg of feed improved the meat quality by reducing the lipid oxidation and cooking loss, however did not increase the GSH-Px activity.O selênio (Se é componente da enzima glutationa peroxidase (GSH-Px que catalisa a redução de peróxido de hidrogênio e peróxido lipídico, prevenindo danos oxidativos nos tecidos animais. A deficiência de Se aumenta a necessidade de vitamina E pelos animais. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito da suplementação de selênio quelatado sobre a qualidade da carne de frango. Os 14 pintinhos de corte da linhagem Cobb de 1 dia de idade foram divididos em 2 grupos: C-Controle (sem suplementação e S-Suplementado com 0,03mg Se quelatado. kg-1 de ração. Os frangos com 42 dias de

  16. Absorption of some mineral salts by root system of different woody species and accumulation over a whole vegetative cycle (1963); Absorption de quelques sels par l'appareil radiculaire de differentes especes ligneuses et accumulation au cours d'un cycle vegetatif complet (1963)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gagnaire, J; Gerard, J M [Commisariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1963-07-01

    The concentration power of plant tissues and the translocation speed of mineral salts are considerably varying with the absorbed salt, the botanical species, the considered tissue and the part of the vegetative cycle. In Grenoble, with Picea excelsa, the 'true dormancy' is short (half-november, end of december). It is accompanied by a pre-dormancy period (October, half-november) and a post dormancy period (January, february, march). In vegetative period, Picea excelsa leaves are less concentrating mineral salt than Acer campestris leaves (coefficient 2 for calcium - 3 for phosphates) and Populus nigra leaves (coefficient 3 for calcium, coefficient 5 for phosphates). (author) [French] Le pouvoir de concentration de tissus vegetaux, et particulierement la vitesse de transport des sels mineraux varient beaucoup selon le sel mineral absorbe, l'espece vegetale, le tissu considere ainsi que la periode du cycle vegetatif. A Grenoble, pour les epiceas 'la dormance veritable' est courte (mi-novembre, fin decembre). Elle est encadree par des periodes de pre-dormance (octobre, mi-novembre) et de post-dormance (janvier, fevrier, mars). Pendant la periode vegetative, le pouvoir de concentration de sels mineraux des aiguilles d'epiceas est plus faible que celui des feuilles d'erables (coefficient 2 pour le calcium - coefficient 3 pour les phosphates) ou que celui des feuilles de peupliers (coefficient 3 pour le calcium - coefficient 5 pour les phosphates). (auteur)

  17. Search for plutonium salt deposits in the plutonium extraction batteries of the Marcoule plant (1963); Recherche de depots de sels de plutonium dans les batteries d'extraction du plutonium de l'usine de Marcoule (1963)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouzigues, H; Reneaud, J M [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Centre de Production de Plutonium, Marcoule (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1963-07-01

    This report describes a method and a special apparatus making it possible to detach the insoluble plutonium salt deposits in the extraction chain of an irradiated fuel treatment plant. The process chosen allows the detection, in the extraction batteries or in the highly active chemical engineering equipment, of plutonium quantities of a few grains. After four years operation it has been impossible to detect measurable quantities of plutonium in any part of the extraction chain. The results have been confirmed by visual examinations carried out with a specially constructed endoscope. (authors) [French] Ce rapport decrit une methode et un montage special permettant de detacher les accumulations de sels de plutonium insolubles dans les chaines d'extraction d'une usine de traitement de combustible irradie. Le procede retenu permet de reperer, dans des batteries d'extraction ou dans l'appareillage de genie chimique fortement actif, des masses de plutonium de quelques grammes. Apres quatre annees de fonctionnement, il n'a pas ete possible de deceler des quantites ponderables de plutonium en aucun endroit de la chaine d'extraction. Ces resultats ont ete confirmes par les examens visuels effectues a l'aide d'un endoscope concu specialement pour cet usage. (auteurs)

  18. Evaluación de las técnicas de atenuación natural, bioventing, bioaumentación y bioaumentación- bioventing, para la biodegradación de diésel en un suelo arenoso, en experimentos en columna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angélica María Muskus Morales

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio fue desarrollado dentro del convenio de cooperación institucional realizado entre laUniversidad Pontifi cia Bolivariana, Seccional Bucaramanga y el Instituto Colombiano de Petróleos – ICP, con el fi nde dar solución a una problemática que se presenta en las zonas de manejo de hidrocarburos, donde se evidenciansuelos arenosos contaminados con diésel hasta concentraciones del 6% y a una profundidad máxima de 80 cm.Para el desarrollo metodológico se contaminó un suelo artifi cialmente con diésel para evaluar las técnicas deBioventing, Atenuación Natural, Bioaumentación y Bioventing-Bioaumentación, utilizando montajes en columnas.Se defi nieron los parámetros de diseño y seguimiento como dimensiones de las columnas, caudal de entrada,concentración de diésel, oxígeno disuelto y crecimiento bacteriano; para la bioaumentación se inoculó el suelocon un consorcio bacteriano producido por el ICP. Se realizaron los montajes experimentales por triplicado y secontroló el proceso durante cuatro meses. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que en la técnica de Bioventingse obtuvieron porcentajes de remoción de diésel hasta del 97%. Con la técnica de Bioventing-Bioaumentación sealcanzaron porcentajes de remoción hasta del 75% y con las técnicas de Atenuación Natural y Bioaumentación,los porcentajes de remoción no superaron el 48%. El estudio mostró que el consorcio bacteriano utilizado yevaluado mediante las técnicas de Bioaumentación y Bioventing-Bioaumentación, no potencializó la efi cienciade los procesos de biorremediación del suelo arenoso contaminado con diésel.

  19. İçsel Markalaşma Uygulamalarıyla Markanın Örgüt İçerisinde Tutundurulması: ARKAS Holding Örnek Olayı* ( Promoting Brand Within Organization Via Internal Branding: ARKAS Holding Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aysun KAHRAMAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available İçsel markalaşma; çalışanların, çalıştıkları işletmenin marka vaadini, marka değerini anlaması ve benimsemesi sonucunda, dış müşterilerin de markayı daha kolay benimseyeceğini savunmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, ülkemiz literatüründe yeterince ele alınmamış olan içsel markalaşma olgusunu teorik temeller ve uygulama aşamaları açısından açıklığa kavuşturmaktır. Çalışmada ilk olarak markalaşmanın önemine ve markalaşma sürecinde çalışanların rollerine değinilmiştir. Daha sonra içsel markalaşma kavramı, içsel markalaşma uygulamalarında kullanılan teknikler ve araçlar teorik olarak incelenmiştir. Çalışmanın uygulama bölümü için bir hizmet işletmesi olan Arkas Holding’in iki yöneticisiyle, Arkas Holding’deki içsel markalaşma uygulamalarıyla ilgili olarak derinlemesine görüşmeler yapılmıştır. Yapılan görüşmeler sonrasında elde edilen bulgular değerlendirildikten sonra Arkas Holding’de içsel markalaşmanın önemi, içsel markalaşma uygulamalarının nasıl gerçekleştiği, bu süreçte dikkat edilmesi gereken unsurlar ve karşılaşılan zorluklar ortaya konulmuştur. Internal branding supports the idea that external customers will internalize the brand more easily if employees understand and adopt the brand promise and brand values of the company which they work for. The aim of this study is to clarify internal branding phenomenon, which which has not been discussed enough in the Turkish literature, in terms of literature and application areas. Firstly the study has discussed the importance of branding process and the role of employees in this process. Then, the concept of internal branding, the technics and the tools whics are used for application of internal branding is examined theoretically. In the application part in-depth interviews were conducted with two managers of Arkas Holding about internal branding activities in Arkas Holding. After

  20. THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE GENERAL REACTION SCORE WITH THE NATURAL KILLER CELLS ACTIVITY AMONG WOMEN WITH AIRCRAFT NOISE EXPOSURE IN THE AREA OF ADI SOEMARMO AIRPORT SOLO (Hubungan antara general reaction score dengan aktivitas sel NK pada wanita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartono Hartono

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Paparan bising pesawat udara dapat berisiko terhadap kesehatan. Terdapat banyak bukti yang menunjukkan bahwa paparan bising pesawat udara dapat menyebabkan gangguan pendengaran, hipertensi, penyakit jantung iskemik, ketergangguan (annoyance, gangguan tidur dan penurunan prestasi sekolah. Sedangkan efek terhadap perubahan pada sistem imun dan lahir cacat, bukti-bukti masih terbatas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara general reaction score dengan aktivitas sel NK pada wanita yang terpapar bising pesawat udara di sekitar bandara Adi Sumarmo Solo. Penelitian ini diharapkan dapat memberikan manfaat bagi pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan dan bagi masyarakat serta pemerintah daerah khususnya dalam upaya pencegahan terhadap dampak paparan bising pesawat udara. Rancangan penelitian adalah survei analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional, dengan mengambil lokasi di Desa Dibal dan Gagak Sipat, Kecamatan Ngemplak, Kabupaten Boyolali. Penelitian dilaksanakan dari bulan Juli 2008 sampai dengan bulan Juni 2009. Jumlah keseluruhan sampel 39, terbagi dalam 3 kelompok; kelompok 1 terpapar bising intensitas 92,29 dB (13 responden; kelompok 2 terpapar bising intensitas 71,79 dB (13 responden; kelompok 3 terpapar bising intensitas 52,17dB (13 responden. Pengambilan sampel dengan cara simple random sampling. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji Anova diikuti dengan Post Hoc Test metode LSD dilengkapi dengan Homogenous Subsets. Uji Anova menujukkan ada perbedaan yang signifikan antar kelompok terhadap general reaction score yang ditunjukkan dari nilai p=0,000. Uji Pearson Correlation menunjukkan ada hubungan yang negatif antara general reaction score dengan aktivitas sel NK (r = – 0,631; p < 0,05. ABSTRACT Exposure to noise constitutes a health risk. There is sufficient scientific evidence that aircraft noise exposure can induce hearing impairment, hypertension and ischemic heart disease, annoyance, sleep disturbance, and decreased school

    1. Determination of selenium toxicity to Oreochromis niloticus based on hematological parameters=Determinação da toxicidade do Selênio por meio de análises hematológicas em Oreochromis niloticus

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Silmara Regina Siqueira

      2012-04-01

      Full Text Available Selenium (Se is described as an essential micronutrient and participates in different biological functions, as the antioxidant defense systems maintenance and regulation. However, when in high concentrations, Se may cause toxic effects as well as hematological changes in fish. The aim of the present study was to determine the toxicity of selenium in the form of sodium selenate (Na2Se6+O4 in Oreochromis niloticus based on hematological parameters, after exposure to different concentrations (0.01, 0.14 and 1.4 mg Se6+ L-1. The erythrocytic and leukocytic series were examined over 14 days at intervals of 0, 3, 5, 7,10 and 14 days. The erythrocytic series showed significant alterations in the first 7 days, including the control group. Neutrophils and monocytes showed variations in the first 3 days at a concentration of 1.40 mgSe6+ L-1 characterizing an acute response. The total number of leukocytes was different in relation to time zero on all Se concentrations. The thrombocyte count also differed statistically from time zero and control in the first 3 days at 0.14 mgSe6+ L-1. These results indicate that different concentrations induce an acute response with diminution of total leukocytes, neutrophilia, monocytosis and thrombocytosis.O selênio (Se é descrito como um micronutriente essencial e participa de diversas funções biológicas. No entanto, quando em concentrações elevadas, o Se pode causar efeitos tóxicos, bem como alterações hematológicas em peixes. O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a toxicidade do selênio na forma de Selenato de sódio (Na2Se6+O4 em Oreochromis niloticus com base em parâmetros hematológicos, após a exposição a diferentes concentrações (0,01, 0,14 e 1,4 mg + Se6+ L-1. A série eritrocitária e leucocitária foram examinadas por 14 dias, em intervalos de 0, 3, 5, 7,10 e 14 dias. A série eritrocítica mostrou alterações significativas nos primeiros 7 dias, incluindo o grupo controle. Neutr

    2. SOME ASPECTS OF COGNITIVE- LINGUISTIC INTERPRETATION OF TURKIC LANGUAGE CONCEPT TÜRK DİLİ KAVRAMININ BİLİŞSEL-LENGÜİSTİK AÇIKLANMASI ÜZERİNE

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Kamal ABDULLA

      2012-06-01

      Full Text Available In the given article cognitive-linguistic interpretation of Turkic language concept was done according to the Turkic world and culture context and to the Turkic language-conversation borrowings used in the Russian language. From this point of view according to the “TurkicSlavistic” notion, Turkic-Russian language relationships were looked through and some language-conversation borrowings from Turkic into Russian were analysed. According to the text and proverb examples from “Taury Kassandra” by Chingiz Aytmatov. Some textual-linguistic and parameological borrowings used in Russian are appreciated as conceptual-linguistic. Türk dili kavramının bilişsel-lengüistik açıklanması, Türk dünyası ve uygarlığı bağlamına ve Rusça’da kullanılan Türkçe dil-konuşma alıntılarına göre yapılmıştır. Bu bakımdan makalede “Türkslavistik” anlayışına göre Türkçe-Rusça ilişkileri bütün olarak ele alınmış ve Türkçeden Rusçaya geçen dil-konuşma alıntıları tahlil edilmiştir. Şöyle ki; C. Aytmatov’un “Tavrı Kassandra” eserinden alınan metin ve atasözü örneklerine göre Rusçada kullanılan metindilbilimsel ve atasözübilimsel nitelikteki bazı alıntılar kavramsal-lengüistik olarak değerlendirilmiştir.

    3. Radiochemical determination of Beryllium-7 in a fission-product mixture containing many inorganic salts; Determination radiochimique du beryllium-7 dans un melange de produits de fission riche en sels mineraux

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Prigent, Y; Van Kote, F [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Bruyeres-le-Chatel (France). Centre d' Etudes

      1969-07-01

      A radiochemical method is described for analysing beryllium-7 in a mixture of fission products containing many inorganic salts. By studying the influence of various parameters it has been possible to speed up the decontamination on an anionic resin using an HCl isopropanol mixture, as proposed by KORKISCH- and al. Be(OH){sub 2} is first precipitated in the presence of E.D.T.A.; the main contaminants are then fixed on Dowex 1 x 10 in 12 M HCl and on Dowex 1 x 8 in a 3 M HCl (20 per cent)-isopropanol (80 per cent) (vol/vol) mixture. The Be, which is not fixed, is precipitated by NH{sub 4}H{sub 2}PO{sub 4} in the presence of E.D.T.A., ignited as Be{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 7}, filtered, weighed, and analyzed by gamma spectrometry. The method makes it possible to dose 4 samples in 16 hours with a chemical yield of 80 per cent, using a 4 day-old fission product solution. The overall decontamination factor, exceeds 10{sup 8}. (authors) [French] On decrit un procede d'analyse radiochimique du beryllium-7 a partir d'un melange de produits de fission riche en sels mineraux. L'etude de l'influence de differents parametres a permis d'accelerer la decontamination sur resine anionique en milieu HCl-isopropanol proposee par KORKISCH et COLL. On precipite d'abord Be(OH){sub 2} en presence d'E.D.T.A., puis fixe les principaux contaminants sur Dowex 1 x 10 en milieu HCl 12 M et sur Dowex 1 x 8 en milieu HCl 3 M (20 pour cent)-isopropanol (80 pour cent) (v/v). Be, non fixe, est precipite par NH{sub 4}H{sub 2}PO{sub 4} en presence d'E.D.T.A., calcine en Be{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 7}, filtre, pese et analyse par spectrometrie gamma. La methode permet de traiter quatre echantillons en 16 h, avec un rendement de 80 pour cent, a partir d'une solution de produits de fission vieille de quatre jours. Le facteur de decontamination global depasse 10{sup 8}. (auteurs)

    4. Os Sistemas de Espaços Livres na Constituição da Forma Urbana Contemporânea no Brasil: Produção e Apropriação (QUAPÁSEL II

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Silvio Soares Macedo

      2012-06-01

      Full Text Available Esta proposta é continuação do projeto temático de pesquisa “Os Sistemas de Espaços Livres e a Constituição da Esfera Pública Contemporânea no Brasil”, desenvolvido nos anos de 2006-2011 no Laboratório QUAPÁ da FAUUSP em conjunto com o Grupo de Pesquisa “Requalificação Urbana” do CEATEC/ PUC-Campinas, processo FAPESP n. 2006/56623-2 com o envolvimento da Rede Nacional de Pesquisa QUAPÁ-SEL. Trata-se de novo Projeto Temático que visa investigar as relações entre os sistemas de espaços livres e a produção da forma urbana das cidades brasileiras na atualidade. O objeto é complexo (MORIN, 2008: não são os espaços livres nem a forma urbana em si, mas as relações que se estabelecem entre ambos que constituem o foco desta pesquisa. Tais relações constituem sistema, apresentam estrutura e organização que contêm em seu interior, dialeticamente, as relações que a estabelecem e que a desestabilizam. Impõe-se abordagem crítica para apreender o processo socioespacial de constituição das formas, e o que é comum à produção do espaço a nível nacional e para cada local investigado. Aprofunda-se o entendimento do papel dos principais agentes da produção do objeto investigado – do espaço concebido ao espaço vivido(LEFÈBVRE, 1974 – e estabelecer critérios de qualidade que considerem as especificidades locais – do clima às manifestações culturais – e as possibilidades de arranjo dos espaços livres e edificados integrantes do sistema espacial quanto às suas formas, funções e apropriações. Não se trata de criar manual da boa forma urbana, mas de estabelecer princípios teóricos e consolidar métodos de avaliação contribuindo para as diversas escalas de planejamento e de projeto do espaço urbano, com ênfase na vida pública.

    5. Darüşşifas Where Music Threapy was Practiced During Anatolian Seljuks and Ottomans / Selçuklu ve Osmanlı Darüşşifalarında Müzikle Tedavi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Gülşen Erdal

      2013-03-01

      etki günümüzde açıkça bilinmektedir. Bilinen en eski tedavi yöntemlerinden biri olan Müzikle tedavinin geçmişi binlerce yıl öncesine dayanır. Türklerin, müzikle tedavide İbn Sina, Razî, Farabî, Hasan Şuurî ve Gevrekzade Hasan Efendi gibi bilim adamlarının yaptıkları araştırmaların yer aldığı kitaplardan faydalanarak, Selçuklu ve Osmanlılar döneminde, akıl hastalıklarının tedavisine uygun akustikle inşa edilen hastaneler-darüşşifalarda kullanmaları, ilk ciddi müzikle tedavi uygulamaları olarak değerlendirilir. Darüşşifa, Türk ve İslam dünyasında pratiğe ve gözleme dayalı sağlık hizmetleri veren hastaları tedavi eden sağlık ve eğitim kurumlarına verilen isimlerden birisidir. Darüşşifalar Tıp mesleğinin uygulanmasına yönelik özel mimari anlayış içeren yapıları ile de ayrıcalıklı bir yere sahiptir. Türkler Anadolu’ya yerleşmeleri ile birlikte çeşitli imar faaliyetlerine başlamışlardır. Yapılan bu faaliyetler içerisinde kervansaraylar, medreseler ve camilerle birlikte darüşşifalar da bulunmaktadır. Selçuklu ve Osmanlı darüşşifalarında tıbbi konular araştırmalara ve bilimsel esaslara bağlı kalınarak işleniyor, aynı zamanda tıp medreselerinde cerrah yetiştiriliyordu. Yapılan eğitimler dışında tatbiki uygulamaların da yaptırıldığı bilinmektedir. Darrüşşifalar, Anadolu Selçuklu ve Osmanlı medreseleri plan şemasına uygun olarak tasarlanmıştır. Genelde derslerin verildiği ana eyvan ve farklı ihtiyaçlar için düzenlenmiş avlu etrafında yer alan odalardan oluşmaktaydı. Türk sanat tarihi içerisinde sıklıkla karşılaştığımız tıp siteleri aynı zamanda günümüz tıp fakültesi mantığı ile örtüşmektedir. Buralarda tedavi edici sağlık hizmetleri sunulmaktaydı. Müzikle tedavi yapılan darüşşifalardan günümüze ulaşan ve önem teşkil edenler bu çalışmada sanat tarihi ve müziğin iyileştirici gücünün yüzyıllar

    6. 4. Sınıf Öğrencilerinin Üstbilişsel Okuma Stratejilerini Kullanma Durumları ve Bu Stratejilerle Okuduğunu Anlama Arasındaki İlişki 4th Grade Students' Using Metacognitive Reading Strategies Conditions and between the Relationship Reading Comprehension and Using These Strategies

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Mustafa BAŞARAN

      2013-09-01

      Full Text Available Aim of this study is to determine that 4th grade students' usingmetacognitive reading strategies conditions and the relationshipbetween reading comprehension rates and using these strategies ratesin this grade. The Research method of this study is relational scan thatis a descriptive method. The universe of the study is 4th grade students,who attend state elementary schools in the center of Kütahya provincein 2012-2013 academic season. The sample of study is 89 4th gradestudents, who were selected from this universe. The study consists offour parts. In the first chapter, Metacognition and metacognitive readingstrategies are discussed. The method of study is explained in the secondchapter. The findings and the comments are available in the thirdsection. In the last chapter, there are the results of the study and thediscussing of results. According to the results of study, 4th gradestudents’ use often before reading, during reading and after readingmetacognitive reading strategies but students use fewer strategies forremembering. The gender of students has no significant effect on usingmetacognitive reading strategies However, the branch has significanteffect on the rate of use metacognitive reading strategies. According tothe results of the research there is not a significant relationshipbetween using metacognitive reading strategies rates andunderstanding. Bu araştırmada 4. sınıf öğrencilerinin üstbilişsel okuma stratejilerini kullanma durumlarının ve bu sınıf seviyesindeki öğrencilerin üstbilişsel okuma stratejilerini kullanma oranı ile okuduğunu anlamaları arasındaki ilişkinin tespiti amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmanın yöntemi, betimsel yöntemlerden, ilişkisel taramadır. Araştırmanın çalışma evreni 2012-2013 eğitim öğretim yılında Kütahya il merkezindeki ilkokullarda öğrenimine devam eden 4. sınıf öğrencileridir. Araştırmanın örneklemini ise bu evrenden rastgele seçilen bir devlet okulunun

    7. Effect of selenium-vitamin E injection in selenium-deficient dairy goats and kids on the Mexican plateau Efeito do selênio e da vitamina E sobre a produtividade de cabras e cabritos no México

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      J.E. Ramírez-Bribiesca

      2005-02-01

      Full Text Available Three experiments were carried out to determine the optimum selenium-vitamin E injection level to maintain acceptable blood selenium (Se status of does and kids, as well as to determine the relation of that status to mortality rates in kids. In experiment 1, 238 goats were assigned to one of three groups during the mating period: A1-control, A2- 0.06mgSe+0.8IU vitE/kgBW and A3-0.125mgSe+1.7IU vitE/kgBW. No differences (P>.05 for fertility and prolificacy were observed among the groups. Blood Se concentration did not differ among Se-vit E groups and control group before injection, and both groups showed Se deficient condition. There was a trend (PForam conduzidos três experimentos para determinar a quantidade ótima da injeção de selênio-vitamina E (Se-vit E para manter o nível aceitável do status de selênio no sangue de cabras e cabritos e determinar essa relação com o status sobre a taxa de mortalidade de cabritos. No primeiro experimento, 238 cabras foram usados em um dos três grupos durante o período do acasalamento: A1- controle, A2- 0,06mgSe+0,8UI vit E/kg de peso-vivo e A3- 0,125mgSe+1,7UI vitE/kg de peso-vivo. Não houve diferenças (P>0,05 entre os grupos para fertilidade e prolificidade. A concentração de Se no sangue não foi diferente entre os grupos que receberam Se-vit E e o controle antes da injeção e ambos os grupos mostravam deficiência de Se. Sessenta dias pós-tratamento houve tendência (P<0,05; 32% de aumentar o nível de Se no sangue e não houve diferença entre os grupos A2 e controle. Houve diferença significativa (P<0,05; 103% entre os grupos A1 e A2 e o grupo A3. No segundo experimento, 48 cabras foram divididas em quatro grupos: B1- controle, B2- 0,125mgSe+1,7UI vitE/kg de peso-vivo, B3- 0,25mgSe+3,4UI vitE/kg de peso-vivo e B4- 0,31mgSe+4,2UI vitE/kg de peso-vivo. O grupo B4 alcançou a concentração mais alta no terceiro mês depois da injeção (0,11ppm e diminuiu depois de 100 dias, quando o valor

    8. SEL Ada reuse analysis and representations

      Science.gov (United States)

      Kester, Rush

      1990-01-01

      Overall, it was revealed that the pattern of Ada reuse has evolved from initial reuse of utility components into reuse of generalized application architectures. Utility components were both domain-independent utilities, such as queues and stacks, and domain-specific utilities, such as those that implement spacecraft orbit and attitude mathematical functions and physics or astronomical models. The level of reuse was significantly increased with the development of a generalized telemetry simulator architecture. The use of Ada generics significantly increased the level of verbatum reuse, which is due to the ability, using Ada generics, to parameterize the aspects of design that are configurable during reuse. A key factor in implementing generalized architectures was the ability to use generic subprogram parameters to tailor parts of the algorithm embedded within the architecture. The use of object oriented design (in which objects model real world entities) significantly improved the modularity for reuse. Encapsulating into packages the data and operations associated with common real world entities creates natural building blocks for reuse.

    9. Kto uspel, tot i sel / Jekaterina Rodina

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Rodina, Jekaterina

      2005-01-01

      Autori arvates on Tallinna linnavalitsuses kujunenud unikaalne situatsioon, kus linnapea toolil istuvad kaks inimest - nominaalselt endine abilinnapea Jüri Ratas, kulisside taga majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Edgar Savisaar

    10. Portable Battery Charger Berbasis Sel Surya

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Budhi Anto

      2014-04-01

      Full Text Available A type of solar battery charger is introduced in this paper. This equipment functions as a medium size rechargeable battery that is needed to move culinary merchants and coastal fishermen living in area which is not supplied by electrical networks. The equipment consists of solar module mounted onto portable mechanical construction, a 12-V 7.5-Ah lead acid battery and charge controller. Solar module charges the battery through charge controller and then the battery can be discharged to power on electric lamps for lightening culinary wagon or fisherman’s boat at night. Charge controller charges the battery with float charging which is implemented by maintaining 13.5 Volt between battery terminals and limiting the charging current to 1.5 Amperes. Charge controller circuit is based on adjustable linear voltage regulator LM338. The battery is of sealed lead acid type. This type of battery is maintenance free and more hygiene than other types of lead acid battery. The field experiment of charging the baterry of 50% residual capacity from 8 am to 4 pm under sunny weather shows that the solar module has charged the battery to its full capacity under battery safe charging conditions.Keywords: portable solar battery charger, float charging, LM338

    11. Aitajaid sel teekonnal pole / Madli Pesti

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Pesti, Madli, 1980-

      2005-01-01

      11. märtsil esietendus teatris NO98 ja Sine Loco (A. Türnpu projekt) koostöös lavastus "Inimese teekond", mille lähtematerjaliks on J. Bunyani religioosne teos "Palveränduri tee". Lavastaja ja kokkupanija A. Türnpu

    12. Portable Battery Charger Berbasis Sel Surya

      OpenAIRE

      Anto, Budhi; Hamdani, Edy; Abdullah, Rizki

      2014-01-01

      A type of solar battery charger is introduced in this paper. This equipment functions as a medium size rechargeable battery that is needed to move culinary merchants and coastal fishermen living in area which is not supplied by electrical networks. The equipment consists of solar module mounted onto portable mechanical construction, a 12-V 7.5-Ah lead acid battery and charge controller. Solar module charges the battery through charge controller and then the battery can be discharged to power ...

    13. Potensi Bakteri Penambat Nitrogen dan Penghasil Hormon IAA Dari Sampel Rhizosfer Paku Epifit Di Mulut Gua Anjani, Kawasan Karst Menoreh

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Andi Joko Purnomo

      2017-08-01

      Berdasarkan penelitian didapatkan hasil pengukuran fiksasi nitrogen pada media NB dengan panjang gelombang 420 nm, pada jam ke 24 didaptkan hasil, isolat T1 memiliki rerata 0,416, G2 sebesar 0,408, dan R2 sebesar 0,402. Kemudian pengukuran pada jam ke 48 didapatkan hasil rerata untuk T1 sebesar 0,457, G2 sebesar 0,635 dan R2 sebesar 0,628. Kemudian dari hasil pengukuran terhadap kepadatan sel pada media NFM diketahui bahwa pada jam ke 24, isolat T1 memiliki rerata 1,605, G2 sebesar 1,682 dan R2 sebesar1,679. Kemudian pada jam ke 48 didapat rerata T1 sebesar 1,764, G2 sebesar 1,725 dan R2 sebesar 1,773.

    14. Balanced Score Card (BSC sebagai Alternatif Pengukuran Kinerja Lembaga Pendidikan

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      Siti Julaiha

      2011-12-01

      Full Text Available Educational institutions can function well if the its performance can be measured clearly. Educational institutions should be empowered towards optimal empowerment, by developing schools with strategic planning, a vision and mission, an independent school, empowering the community by many efforts to increase the role and participation of the community through school committees. To make schools as an education institution in high quality, it needs to be evaluated and controlled. The School achieved can be said that the institution is measurable. One alternative is offered in measuring the performance of schools is known by the Balanced Scorecard (BSC. Balanced Scorecard was introduced by Robert Kaplan and David Norton by understanding the school's mission and strategy into objectives and measures, which are arranged in four perspectives, namely financial perspective, customer perspective, internal business perspective and the perspective of learning.

    15. PENGUKURAN KEPUASAN PASIEN BERBASIS METODE KEPMENPAN NO. 25 TAHUN 2004

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      Adila Kasni Astiena

      2014-12-01

      Full Text Available AbstrakRumah Sakit Achmad Mohctar (RSAM Bukittinggi adalah rumah sakit milik Pemerintah Propinsi Sumatera Barat yang sejak beberapa tahun lalu menerapkan pola pengelolaan keuangan Badan Layanan Umum Daerah (BLUD yang menuntut adanya akuntabilitas keuangan dan layanan. Dalam KEPMENPAN No. 25/2004 dinyatakan bahwa setiap instansi pemerintah wajib menyelenggarakan survey kepuasan masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui tingkat kepuasan pasien, kinerja pelayanan, mutu pelayanan dan prioritas peningkatan kualitas pelayanan berdasarkan KEPMENPAN No. 25/2004. Disain penelitian adalah deskriptif kuantitatif. Penelitian dilakukan pada Bulan Mei hingga Juni 2013 di RSAM. Populasi penelitian adalah semua pasien yang datang ke RSAM pada waktu penelitian dilaksanakan. Sampel penelitian 500 orang. Teknik pengambilan sampel Random Block Sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semua item pertanyaan dinyatakan valid dan reliabel. Indeks kepuasan pasien adalah 76, mutu pelayanan “B”, kinerja unit pelayanan “Baik”. Prioritas peningkatan kualitas layanan pada unsur: prosedur pelayanan, persyaratan pelayanan, kedisiplinan petugas, kecepatan pelayanan, keadilan mendapatkan pelayanan, kewajaran biaya, kepastian biaya dan kepastian jadwal pelayanan.AbstractAhmad Mochtar Hospital (RSAM is one of the hospitals owned by West Sumatra Province. RSAM has been implementing financial management strategy of district public service agencies (BLUD since a few years ago that required financial and service accountability. KEPMENPAN No. 25/2004 states that each public service agency should undergo a public satisfaction survey. The objective of this study is to measure patient satisfaction, service performance, service quality, and the priority of service improvement based on KEPMENPAN method. The design of this study was descriptive quantitative. The population of this study was all patients visiting RSAM from May to June 2013, 500 patients were sampled by Random Block Sampling technique. The result shows that the questionare was valid and reliable. Patient satisfaction index is 76. Most of respondents (74% perceived that the quality of service was "B" and the service performance was "Good". Priority of service quality improvement were: service procedures, term of service, disciplinary of service officer, speed of service, service equity, the reasonableness of service charges, the certainty of services cost and schedule.The recommendation for RSAM is to improve the “quality consciousness” culture, by disseminating the results of this survey. Patient satisfaction surveys based on KEPMENPAN is recommended to be held in other hospitals.

    16. PERANCANGAN SISTEM PENGUKURAN KINERJA MENGGUNAKAN METODA PERFORMANCE PRISM

      OpenAIRE

      Handayani, Naniek Utami; Santoso, Haryo; Rochmawati, Siti

      2009-01-01

      XYZ company is a printing and publishing company, especially for lesson and education books with more than 50 branch offices in Indonesia. As a profit oriented organization, so far performance measures of this company only based on financial aspect. Whereas, non financial aspect and stakeholder wants and needs ignored and didn’t get enough attention. So, it is difficult to know overall company performance exactly. Therefore, required new performance measurement system that can describe compan...

    17. Model Pengukuran Kinerja Customer Relationship Management dalam Industri Perbankan

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      Freddy Simbolon

      2014-05-01

      Full Text Available High competition in the banking industry requires the banking industry to properly manage relationships with customers, as it is known as Customer Relationship Management (CRM. CRM applications will become effective when supported by information technology. Investment in information technology is not a small investment, because the higher the information technology, the greater the value of the investment. This study aims to obtain a model of CRM performance measurement in the banking industry efficiently and effective. The method in this study uses descriptive analytical method, while the results obtained in this study is a CRM Scorecard. CRM Scorecard is one of the approach models that correctly measure the performance of CRM, which is based on information technology. Through CRM Scorecard approach, information technology investment in CRM is no longer seen as a cost center, but seen to be a profit center, because the company can manage customers efficiently and effectively in order to enhance shareholder value in the future.

    18. PENGUKURAN KINERJA PUSKESMAS DALAM RANGKA PENINGKATAN LAYANAN KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT

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      Dhidik Apriyanto

      2016-11-01

      Full Text Available This reseach is an attempt to measure how the performance of health center services at Parit Haji Husein II Pontianak in order to improve public health services. The analysis tool used is a statistical method to determine the Cartesian diagram where the gap of each answer the questionnaire. While the variables used are five dimensions of service quality developed by Parasuraman et.al, with the acronym RATER namely Reliability, Assurance, Tangible, Empaty, and Responsiveness. The results of the analysis of Cartesian diagram of the five variables are: item questions coming in the position I was Diagnosis doctor precise and accurate, Caution patient satisfaction, skills of employees in the airport, Courtesy of services, Analysis Physicians who do not doubt, Analysis doctor is not at risk, doctors can be trusted Easy, consult a physician and employee, there is no obstacle in consultation with a doctor, Doctor with your info detail, doctor requested information to the patient about the complaint, Doctor responsive, Diagnosis physician accountable, Doctor listened well, doctor serving patients during hours work. While the services that go into quadrant II on the Compliance schedule open and close. And service entry in quadrant III is the speed of service, employee came right on time, good physical form health center, health center facilities complete, ready at the desk clerks, Means technology is already good, adequate waiting room chair. While the service entrance in quadrant IV is a doctor and staff give direction well and say hello to the visitor confused.

    19. Balanced Scorecard Sebagai Pengukuran Kinerja Masa Depan: Suatu Pengantar

      OpenAIRE

      Ciptani, Monika Kussetya

      2000-01-01

      Performance measurement is an essential thing for a company. To become the winner in this global competition world, the company has to show a performance improvement from period to period. Recently, financial performance measurement is not enough to reflect the real business performance. That why Kaplan developed Balanced Scorecard Concept. The Balanced Scorecard Concept measure the organization's performance through four perspectives that are the financial perspective, customer perspective, ...

    20. Pengukuran Beban Kerja Psikologis dan Fisiologis Pekerja di Industri Tekstil

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      Prima Fithri

      2017-10-01

      Full Text Available The development of manufacturing industries are growing rapidly along with the progress of time and the increasing sophistication of technology today, one of which is a manufacturing company engaged in the textile field is PT Unitex Tbk Bogor. PT Unitex Tbk Bogor is a company that processes raw materials into semi-finished and finished materials such as cotton processing up into yarn or fabric. The production process costs physiological and psychological workload which could harm an operator at each work station. The packing work station has the highest workload due to its heavy workload and worker fatigue. This study measures the psychological work load by employing NASA - TLX method. On the other side, for evaluating physiological workload, the pulse rate and body temperature of the operators are measured.

    1. Pengembangan Metode Pengukuran Difusivitas Panas Hasil Pertanian dengan Metode Inversi

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      Suroso

      2006-04-01

      Full Text Available An inverse method for measurement of thermal diffusivity has been developed. The inverse method was developoed based on finite difference method and an artifical neural network. The training data for the neural network was generated using a finite differnce of conduction heat transfer in agricultural products. The input to neural network was temperature distribusion of the agricultural products during haeting or cooling process. The output of the neural network was a thermal diffusivity. The developed inverse method has been applied to predict the thermal diffusivity of avocado, mango and seweet potato. The value of predicted thermal diffusivity was validated using a hot water treatment. The predicted temperature of finite difference using predicted thermal diffusivities were compared with the experimental tempurature distrubstion during hot water treatment. The results showed that the predicted tempuratures were closed to the experimental temperatures with error less than 5%.

    2. PENGUKURAN RISIKO PROYEK PADA PERUSAHAAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI DI INDONESIA

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      Rudy M Harahap

      2009-10-01

      Full Text Available The success rate of information technology (IT projects is still low. Based on one survey done in 1990s, only about 10% of software development project could be finished according to its planned budget and schedule. Another study in 1995 found that only 16.2% IT project succeed, and at the same time more than 31% IT projects were cancelled before finished. It has been found a lot of IT projects had been implemented with swelling budget. Although it is still debatable, one of the reasons of IT project implementation failure is because risk management in some IT projects is not implemented by the IT providers. The objectives of this research are to get knowledge and assess risks in implementing IT projects. This research also gives recommendations in mitigating IT project risks. In two projects that were used as sample of this research, it has been found some risks that could be happened in IT projects. That risks were then assessed based on the probability and its impact, and finally produced the recommendation for risk mitigation. All risks are described in the Risk Priority, moreover risk probability and impact is described in the probability-impact matrix from all of 4 levels. This research could improve the awareness of IT providers in Indonesia about the important of implementing IT risk management so that more IT projects in Indonesia could be run successfully.Keywords: Risk assessment, information technology project, impact, frequency

    3. PENGUKURAN KINERJA PERBANKAN SYARIAH DENGAN PENDEKATAN BALANCE SCORECARD

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      Nurul Huda

      2015-09-01

      Full Text Available The aim of this research is to measure the performance of Islamic banking using balance scorecard. Performance of Islamic Banking is seen with the Balanced Scorecard is used there are four perspectives, namely: finance, banking / internal business perspective, learning and growth, however in this study used only three perspektif , minus the customer's perspective. The third perspective is transformed into the five components of performance measurement variable Banking. The result of this research is learning and growth perspective for shariah compliance, legal, and institution has a very good score. For fundraising, financing performance and services for Islamic banking shariah compliance perspective has a good score. From financial report and social legitimacy has a good scoreDOI: 10.15408/etk.v12i1.1900

    4. Pengukuran Kualitas Layanan di Universitas Kristen Indonesia (UKI

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      Freddy Simbolon

      2012-11-01

      Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the service quality that was held by UKI based on student’s perceptions. The method used in this study is the survey method on UKI’s students using questionnaires. The statement in the questionnaires were arrange based on the five dimensions of service quality. Those were tangibles, responbilities, assurances, realibilities, and emphathy. The servqual analysis shows that all attributes get a negative response which means that student’s perception is less than the student’s expectations. The IPM shows attributes that need to get first priority to be improved are library facilities more complete, lecturing process more interactive, handling complaints about the lectures properly, the tuition in accordance with benefits, and the librarian serve students with friendly.

    5. PENGUKURAN INDEKS KEPUASAN PELANGGAN UNTUK PENINGKATAN KUALITAS LAYANAN

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      Iva Nurdiana Nurfarida

      2015-05-01

      Full Text Available Customer satisfaction index (CSI can be used by companies as a measure of the level of customer satisfaction. CSI also be used to compare the performance of products/services with competitors. CSI measurement results can be used to set a strategy to improve the quality of services in order to increase customer satisfaction in the future. Some CSI measurement model has been applied in previous studies, but all have the same focus, comparing the value to the customer expectations. This research use Importance-Performance (IP Analysis model to measure the level of customer satisfaction of PDAM Malang Regency. IP-Analysis will give information about elements are a priority, what elements need to be maintained, the element that is not a priority to be addressed, and that high last element that has been good, but not an important element for customers. The results showed that the priority of the elements that must be addressed by PDAM Malang Regency to improve customer satisfaction is about the terms of service, fairness in service, as well as courtesy and hospitality.

    6. Konstruksi Model Pengukuran Kinerja dan Kerangka Kerja Pengungkapan Modal Intelektual

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      Ihyaul Ulum

      2014-12-01

      Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to construct performance measurement model and Intellectual Capital Disclosure (ICD framework. This study also investigates the role of ICD in the relationship between Modified VAIC (MVAIC and Market Capitalization (MCAP. Data was drawn from Indonesian banking sectors listed in BEI for 2006, 2009, and 2012. WarpPLS 3.0 was used as analytical tool. The findings indicated that ICD did not mediate the relationship between MVAIC and MCAP. The higher the performance of IC, the lower is the information on IC disclosure. In the perspective of signaling theory, ICD is a good signal to the market

    7. Analisis Pengukuran Produktivitas Perusahaan Alsintan CV. Cherry Sarana Agro

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      Prima Fithri

      2016-04-01

      Full Text Available CV Cherry Sarana Agro is a manufacturing company, which produces agricultural machinery. In reality, company evaluatesits work and performance based on level of profits. In order to maintain the company's performance, it is necessary to measures the productivity of company to see how effective the performance of this company. So it can be determined what is needed in order to improve the performance of the company and also can increase profits. Measuring the productivity can be seen from the financial data that obtained from the company. Then based on data processing, show this company's productivity levels decreased during the period of measurement and it means company requires efforts to increase the efficient use of inputs. It is necessary for company to increase its productivity for the future. This improvement was made by taking into account the partial productivity as inputs that affect the profitability of the company on an ongoing basis.

    8. INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL: PERLAKUAN, PENGUKURAN DAN PELAPORAN (SEBUAH LIBRARY RESEARCH

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      Tjiptohadi Sawarjuwono

      2003-01-01

      Full Text Available The changing paradigm from labor based business to knowledge based business has made an inclusion of human resources into an income statement. Among intangible assets, human resources, which is called intellectual capital (IC, becomes the core asset in a company. IC consists three basic elements, they are human capital, structural capital and customer capital. In fact, these are the real power of the company in producing, developing, and bringing the company to the future. Accordingly proponents agree to disclose these on the income statement. Unfortunately, accounting practice has not accounted for them. Whilst, IC describes the creation values, accounting practice does not have tools to identity, measures and disclose them on the annual reports. Therefore this research attempts to provide ideas and open nuance for accountants. This research employ a thick library research, an alternative research methodology that suitable to answer the research question. This research is conducted in depth discourse producing some methods for measuring and reporting IC that are practiced recently. The study concludes that methods of measurement IC have been classified into a financial and non-financial measurement. For the reporting purposes, it is needed a supplement to the income statement consisting an intellectual capital statement.

    9. Menilai Keberhasilan Balanced Scorecard sebagai Sistem Pengukuran Kinerja Strategik

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      Tri Ramaraya Koroy

      2016-01-01

      Full Text Available This paper reviews the literature of Balanced Scorecard (BSC as a strategic performance measurement tool. The research concerning the effectiveness of BSC indicate that BSC is a useful tool for communicating strategy, strategic learning and developing organizational culture. However, related research also shows that the implementation of BSC is not associated with economic benefit particularly for short-term period. This suggests that the adoption of BSC need a careful inquiry by the organization and the organization should not accept it as a ‘generic’ solution as a performance measurement tool.

    10. Balanced Score Card (BSC) sebagai Alternatif Pengukuran Kinerja Lembaga Pendidikan

      OpenAIRE

      Siti Julaiha

      2011-01-01

      Educational institutions can function well if the its performance can be measured clearly. Educational institutions should be empowered towards optimal empowerment, by developing schools with strategic planning, a vision and mission, an independent school, empowering the community by many efforts to increase the role and participation of the community through school committees. To make schools as an education institution in high quality, it needs to be evaluated and controlled. The School ach...

    11. PENGUKURAN PENGARUH KINERJA PERUSAHAAN PADA PERUBAHAN HARGA SAHAM

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      Moechamad Nasir

      2010-12-01

      Full Text Available This Research aim to know influence change of Current Ratio, Debt To Equity Ratio, Return On Investment, Return On Equity, Inventory Turn Over, Total of Asset Turn Over, and Earning to share price change either through together and or partial as well as to know change of finance ratio which having biggest influence to share price change In this research formulation of problem by researcher focused at what is change of Current Ratio, Debt To Equity Ratio, Return On Investment, Return On Equity, Inventory Turn Over, Total Asset Turn Over and Earning have influence to share price change, either through partial and or by together and from some the finance ratio, change of ratio which having biggest influence to share price change. The hypothesis is H1 : anticipated change of Current Ratio variable, Debt To Equity Ratio, Return On Investment, Return On Equity, Inventory Turn Over, Total Asset Turn Over and Earning have influence to Share price change by partial. H2 : anticipated change of Current Ratio variable, Debt To Equity Ratio, Return On Investment, Return On Equity, Inventory Turn Over, Total  Asset Turn Over and Earning have influence to Share price change by together. H3 : anticipated change of Earning variable represent variable having dominant influence to Share price change from other variable. The result of analysis show by using pooling data to analyses factor influencing KI Manufacture share price change in BEJ during period 2002 till 2005, with amount of n = 240, seen that PEPS variable, PITO, PTATO individually (evaluated from t value count and is significant influence to share price change (PHS. Hereinafter PEPS variable represent most variable of significant influence share price change.

    12. PENGARUH KARAKTERISTIK DEWAN DIREKSI TERHADAP PENGUKURAN KINERJA BANK DI INDONESIA

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      Susy Muchtar

      2009-09-01

      Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to analyse the effect of Characteristics of The Board of towar Directors s Bank Performance. This research was used are 19 banking firm which listed in Indonesian Stock Exchange during 2005-2008. Independent variables from this research are board size and Outside Director. Dependent variables are bank performance which include Net Interest Margin (NIM, Return On Asset (ROA, Return On Equity(ROE and Efficiency Ratio. Control Variables are Size, Risk and Capital Ratio. The analysis method was used are multiple regression analysis. The result from this research shows that Board Size did not has related to bank performance. Outsiders has related to bank performance. Keywords: Board Size, Outside Director, Net Interest Margin (NIM, Return On Asset (ROA, Return On Equity(ROE and Efficiency Ratio

    13. Teknik Pengukuran Laju Respirasi Produk Hortikultura pada Kondisi Atmosfir Terkendali

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      Rokhani Hasbullah

      2008-04-01

      Full Text Available The design of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP requires steady state respiration rate data. The respiration rate of fresh produce is usually measured by the open system method where a steady stream of gas is passed through a respiration jar. It needs gas mixing unit to get certain level of controlled atmosphere (CA condition and an instrument to analyze gas composition. In this research, a gas chromatograph of Hewlett Packard of HP 5890 series with a thermal conductivity detector and suitable column was used to analyze the composition of oxygen, carbon dioxide and nitrogen simultanously. The measuring result of respiration rate of broccoli under CA conditions indicated that the gas composition gave significant influences. The respiration rate at a constant CO2 concentration decreases with decreasing O2 concentration.

    14. Penerapan Model MIMIC untuk Menguji Konsistensi Hasil Pengukuran melalui Skala

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      Wahyu Widhiarso

      2012-04-01

      Full Text Available This study aimed to demonstrate the use of multiple indicators and multiple (MIMIC model in testing the consistency of the measurement results when it's applied to individuals with different characteristics. Self-Esteem and Student Motivation Scale were employed to measure participant attributes. Impact of three student characteristics (gender, intelligence and school location on both measurement model were examined. Total of 2981 students from 30 cities of 15 provinces were participated in this study. Data analysis was utilized using confirmatory factor analysis under structural equation modeling (SEM approach. Results showed that measuring self-esteem was prone to be contaminated by individual heterogeneity. However, contrary results was found on motivation measure. Excluding three student characteristics as covariance in the model have increased model fit indices in the self-esteem measurement model, but not in the self-esteem. The presence of susceptibility scale to different characteristics indicated that this scale needs to be further modified. Therefore, when it is applied to heterogeneous population, the measurement results will produce consistently results.

    15. Pengukuran Orientasi Pasar pada Jenis Usaha Mikro, Kecil, dan Menengah

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      Cecep Hidayat

      2015-08-01

      Full Text Available The problem often faced in measuring market orientation of a business unit is to determine exact indicators of measurement. Small and medium-sized enterprises certainly have different characteristics that require appropriate indicators to measure market orientation. The objective in this study is to determine the dimensions and indicators for measuring market orientation in small and medium enterprise. To achieve the marketing objectives, marketing strategies are formulated that will adapt to internal and external environment. Strategic marketing is a marketing strategy based on market-driven. It means that the market needs is the basis of a marketing strategy. Research applied literature study with primary reference sources journal articles and books that discuss market orientation. Results of this literature study recommend that the dimension of the customer focus and competitor orientation is two dimensions that can be applied to measure market orientation for small and medium enterprises.

    16. Thermodynamic and structural of the water - dodecane - bis(ethyl-2-hexyl) phosphoric acid and its sodium salt; Etude thermodynamique et structurale du systeme: eau - dodecane - acide bis(ethyl-2 hexyl) phosphorique et de son sel de sodium

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Lovera, Jacqueline

      1985-12-20

      ', contenant le sel de sodium de HDEHP - le NaDEHP -, de l'eau, du dodecane et tres peu de soude et la 'phase organique legere' qui est du dodecane pur. Elle se produit a des concentrations en soude aqueuse finale d'autant plus faibles que la solution organique initiale est plus concentree en HDEHP. c - les tetraedres NaDEHP - H{sub 2}O - Dodecane- HDEHP et NaDEHP - H{sub 2}O - Dodecane - NaOH sont etudies en detail: les sept faces sont tracees et les grandes zones d'equilibre interieures aux tetradedres sont detaillees. d - une synthese du NaDEHP est mise au point; le diagramme des phases NaDEHP - H{sub 2}O est trace dans toute la gamme de concentrations et une large gamme de temperatures. Des vesicules, des cristaux liquides lyotropes lamellaires, cubiques inverses et hexagonaux inverses sont determines, et leurs caracteristiques sont mesurees a temperature ambiante. e - des microemulsions existent dans les melanges NaDEHP - H{sub 2}O - Dodecane et NaDEHP - H{sub 2}O - Dodecane - HDEHP. Enfin, nous effectuons un parallele entre le role du 'modificateur', qui inhibe l'apparition de la troisieme phase, et celui du 'cosurfactant', qui favorise la transition des micelles aux microemulsions. (auteur)

    17. Life cycle analysis of biodiesel production from flesh from the tannery industry Análisis del ciclo de vida de la producción de biodiésel a partir del descarne procedente de la industria de la curtiduría

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Jose de Jesus Rodríguez Ibarra

      2012-11-01

      Full Text Available The tanning industry is a source of contamination by hazardous waste generation and special handling. One of these elements is the flesh, which help this study to determine if fleshing is able to add value to a source of employment and a reduction of pollution: production of biodiesel promises to be the sustainable alternative, economically and socially viable. The study was divided into 3 unit processes with a base of 1 kg of biodiesel: a flesh collection, b cooked and rendered, c esterification and transesterification. The impact categories evaluated were the primary energy consumption and the potential nonrenewable emissions of greenhouse gases. As a result of this article, it is had that the tanning is a source of biodiesel economically and environmentally feasible for the least environmental impact occurred. With the availability of annual flesh (79 200 000 kg can be reduced combustion emissions of CO2 from the air to 11 980 300 kg per year.La industria de la curtiduría es un foco de contaminación debido a la generación de residuos peligrosos y de manejo especial. Entre estos elementos se encuentra el descarne. Sobre este elemento, el actual estudio busca determinar si puede contar con un valor agregado para nuevas fuentes de empleo y la reducción de la contaminación: la producción de biodiésel promete ser la alternativa sustentable, económica y socialmente viable. El sistema de estudio se dividió en 3 procesos unitarios con una base de 1 kg de biodiésel: a recolección del descarne, b cocido y rendido, c esterificación y transesterificación. Las categorías de impacto evaluadas fueron el consumo de energía primaria no renovable y el potencial de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero. Como resultado del estudio se tuvo que la curtiduría resulta ser una fuente de producción de biodiésel económica y ambientalmente viable gracias a su menor impacto ambiental producido. Con la disponibilidad de descarne anual (79 200 000 kg

    18. Genel Bilişsel Yetenek Ölçümlerinde Süre ve Performans İlişkisinde A Tipi Kişiliğin Rolü(The Role of Type A Personality on the Relationship between Time and Performance in Measurement of General Cognitive Ability

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      Murat GÜLER

      2016-04-01

      Full Text Available Organizasyonların personel seçiminde kullanılan bilişsel yetenek ölçümlerinin, objektif ve yansız olarak yapılması, ihtiyaç duyulan uygun nitelikteki insan kaynağının temin edilmesi için önemli bir husustur. Ancak, bilişsel yetenek testlerinin kişilik özelliklerinden etkilendiğine dair bazı bulgular öne sürülmektedir. Mevcut araştırmada, genel bilişsel yetenek (GBY ölçümlerinde süre ve performans ilişkisinde A Tipi kişiliğin rolü 271 üniversite öğrencisinden elde edilen verilerle incelenmiştir. Veriler, A Tipi Kişilik Ölçeği ve Raven Standart Progresif Matrisler Testi ile toplanmıştır. Genel örneklemde ve A Tiplerinde GBY test performansı ve süresi ile A Tipi kişilik arasında anlamlı bir ilişki gözlenmezken, B Tiplerinde test süresinin ve yaşın GBY test performansının yordayıcısı olduğuna ilişkin bulgulara ulaşılmıştır. Objectively and impartially application of cognitive ability measurements that used in personnel selection of organizations, is a vital issue for providing needed appropriate human resources. But, some findings have been suggested that personality traits influence the measurement of cognitive abilities. In the current study the relationship between general cognitive ability (GCA and Type A personality (TAP was investigated with the data collected from 271 university students. The assessment instruments used were: Type-A Behavior Scale and Raven Standard Progressive Matrices Test. The findings revealed that, while there was no relationship between GCA, testing time and TAP in the general sample and Type A group, testing time and age were predictors of the GCA test performance in the Type B group

    19. PERBANDINGAN UNJUK KERJA ANTARA PANEL SEL SURYA BERPENJEJAK DENGAN PANEL SEL SURYA DIAM

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      Syafaruddin Ch

      2010-07-01

      Full Text Available The ability to produce electrical energy at Solar Power Plant  is highly dependent on the magnitude and duration of sun exposure on the solar cell panels. The movement of the sun from east to west that periodicity in every day is a problem at  the  optimization generation of electricity at  Solar Power Plant   if using solar panel that motionless. This is because the solar cell panel can not catch the maximum sun exposure. To solve the above problem then designed a solar cell panel  tracker  capable of follo-wing the movements of the sun. Then conducted a test to see the performance of solar cell pa-nel  tracker  and compare it with the performance of solar cell panel was motionless. The testing doing along 6 days, with way to irradiate the panel of solar cells  tracker  and panels of solar cell motionless with sun exposure  along a  full day. Then the electric current generated each panel were recorded. The comparison of current then generating comparison of electric power delivery. The result show that the solar cell panel  tracker  produce the average current is 2.19 A whereas solar-cell panel still 1.97 A.  This result   indicate that average power for solar cell panel  tracker  39.41 W while for solar cell panel that motionless is  35.46 W. These results indicate that the performance of solar cell panel  tracker  better than  solar cell panel motionless.

    20. PERBANDINGAN UNJUK KERJA ANTARA PANEL SEL SURYA BERPENJEJAK DENGAN PANEL SEL SURYA DIAM

      OpenAIRE

      Syafaruddin Ch

      2010-01-01

      The ability to produce electrical energy at Solar Power Plant  is highly dependent on the magnitude and duration of sun exposure on the solar cell panels. The movement of the sun from east to west that periodicity in every day is a problem at  the  optimization generation of electricity at  Solar Power Plant   if using solar panel that motionless. This is because the solar cell panel can not catch the maximum sun exposure. To solve the above problem then designed a solar cell panel  tracker...

    1. Efek pemberian larutan diazinon per oral terhadap kerusakan sel-sel tubuli ginjal mencit

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      Saikhu Ahmad Husein

      1996-12-01

      Full Text Available One of the pesticide which very common to protect plants from the pest is diazinon. But this pesticide contain neurotoxic organophosphate bound. The organophosphate bound has also an effect on kidney’s tissue. Recently the research about effect of diazinon still required. The sudy was carried out to observe the effect of diazinon on cells of tubuli renalis in mice. This study was used 30 mice, by random sampling became 6 goup. Three groups for controle (K1, K2, and K3 and three groups for treatment (P1, P2, and P3. The controle groups were given 0.5 ml aquadest and the treatment groups were given 150 ppm of 0.5 ml diazinon solution up to 10,20, and 40 days for P1, P2, and P2 sub sequently. The result showed that the effect of diazinon solution given per oral for the difference time were caused difference demage level on cells ob the tubuli renalis in mice.

    2. Peningkatan Ekspresi Gen NKG2D Sel-sel NK oleh Brokoli untuk Mencegah Kanker

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      Diana Krisanti Jasaputra

      2017-08-01

      Cancer is the non-communicable diseases (NCD and the biggest cause of death in the world. One of the factors that affect cancer development is NKG2D receptors (natural-killer group 2, member D is a receptor complex that activates NK cells and is important in cancer immunosurveilance. Broccoli, Cruciferae vegetable, contains glucosinolate and isothiocyanate. Glucosinolate will be hydrolysed by the mirosinase (thioglucodase β and form the isothiocyanate compound. Isothiocyanate compounds essential to prevent cancer are sulforafan compounds. The objective of the study was to assess the effect of broccoli in enhancing NKG2D receptor expression in order to improve NK cell activity to prevent cancer. This experimental study is a comparative true experimental laboratory, conducted in the Aretha Medika Utama in February to July 2016. Broccoli was freeze dryer and made two concentrations of flour, 50 μg/mL and 25 μg/mL. The study begins with multiplication of NK cells (cell line, then continued with treatment for 24 hours and assessment of NKG2D gene expression using qPCR. NKG2D gene expression research data was calculated by Livak formula and analyzed using one-way ANOVA test and Tukey's advanced test (SPSS 16. The administration of broccoli concentrations of 50 μg/mL and 25 μg/mL increased the level of NKG2D gene expression, indicating an increase in NK cell activity. The conclusion of this study is the provision of broccoli increases the activity of NK cells in preventing and fighting cancer cells.

    3. Uyarlanmış Bilişsel Strateji Öğretiminin Öykü Yazmada Uygulanması: Zihinsel Yetersizliği Olan Bir Öğrenci İle Vaka Çalışması

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      E. Rüya Özmen

      2015-08-01

      Full Text Available Bu vaka çalışmasında, Uyarlanmış Bilişsel Strateji Öğretimi’nin (UBSÖ, hafif düzeyde zihinsel yetersizliği olan bir öğrencinin öykü yazma becerisine ve yazma süreci işlemsel bilgisine etkisi incelenmiştir. Öğrenci 6. sınıf özel eğitim sınıfına devam etmektedir. UBSÖ, Yazmada Bilişsel Strateji Öğretimi ve Kendini Düzenleme Gelişimi Yaklaşımının öğretimsel özelliklerine göre desenlenmiştir. Çalışmada öğrencinin öyküleri; öykü ögeleri, öykü kalitesi, öykü uzunluğu bakımından değerlendirilmiştir. Ayrıca öğrencinin yazmaya harcadığı süre hesaplanmıştır. Öğrencinin yazma süreci işlemsel bilgisini belirlemek için üstbilişsel görüşme yapılmıştır. Öğretim sonunda öğrenci çalışmanın tüm değişkenleri bakımından ilerleme göstermiştir. Çalışmada sonuçlar tartışılmış, uygulama ve araştırma önerilerine yer verilmiştir. In this case study, the effects of Modified Cognitive Strategy Instruction (MCSI on the story writing skills and procedural knowledge of writing process of a student with mild intellectual disability was investigated. The student is attending the 6th grade special education class. MCSI was designed in accordance with the instructional properties of Cognitive Strategy Instruction in Writing and Self-Regulation Strategy Development. In this study, the stories of student were assessed respect to the story elements, quality and length. Furthermore, the time spent by the student for writing was also calculated. In order to determine student’s procedural knowledge of writing process, metacognitive interview was administered. In consequence of instruction, the student showed improvement in terms of all the study variables. In the study, the results were discussed and suggestions for further implementation and research were provided.

    4. Diseño de un sistema de diagnóstico para la instalación motriz diésel de los carros de transporte en explotación; Design of Diagnosis System for the Installation Motive Diesel of the Cars of Transport in Exploitation

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Luis García Abreu

      2011-02-01

      Full Text Available Se desarrolla la metodología propuesta para el diagnóstico integral en el diseño de un sistema de diagnósticopara las instalaciones motrices diésel de los vehículos en explotación con la finalidad de conocer el estado ocondición de las mismas. De especial interés resulta la obtención del período de muestreo a partir de elementosde riesgo. Es de destacar que este artículo viene precedido por otro sobre la caracterización del sistema actualde diagnóstico establecido para ellas.  In the following work the authors develop the methodology proposed by the Integral diagnosis in the design of adiagnosis system for the installation motive diesel of the vehicles in exploitation with the purpose of knowing thestate or condition of the same ones. Of special interest it is the obtaining their period of sampling starting fromelements of risk. It is of to highlight that this article comes preceded by another envelope the characterization ofthe current system of diagnosis settled down in them.

    5. The testing of a method for dosing plutonium by {alpha}-counting in the presence of strong concentrations of salts or of uranium; Essai d'une methode de dosage du plutonium par comptage {alpha} en presence de fortes concentrations en sels ou en uranium

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Fontaine, A M; Baude-Malafosse, L M; Cunq, M J [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

      1961-07-01

      This report describes a method for dosing small quantities of plutonium in a solution having a high concentration of salts. It shows the possibility of dosing up to 5.10{sup -3} {mu}g of Pu in the presence of 10 mg of NaNO{sub 3} with out decreasing the counting-rate. The only error possible is that in the counting. It is also possible to dose 10{sup -3} {mu}g of Pu in the presence of 1,7 mg of uranyl nitrate. (author) [French] Ce rapport decrit une methode de dosage de faibles quantites de plutonium dans une solution de forte concentration en sels. Il montre la possibilite de doser jusqu'a 5.10{sup -3} {mu}g de Pu en presence de 10 mg de NO{sub 3}Na sans diminution du taux de comptage. La seule erreur que l'on puisse faire est l'erreur de comptage. On peut aussi doser 10{sup -3} {mu}g de Pu en presence de 1,7 mg de nitrate d'uranyle. (auteur)

    6. Caracterización del sistema actual de diagnóstico a los motores de combustión interna diésel en empresas cubanas y propuesta de modificación; Actual System Characterization of Technique Diagnosis for Diesel Engine in Cuban Companies and Modification Propo

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Luis García Abreu

      2011-02-01

      Full Text Available El diagnóstico es considerado una de las principales herramientas para garantizar la disponibilidad y confiabilidadde los carros de transporte. En el presente trabajo se realiza un estudio de las principales limitaciones queposee el sistema actual de diagnóstico para las instalaciones motrices diésel, a partir del análisis de la informaciónproveniente de diez empresas cubanas y la aplicación de técnicas del trabajo creativo con grupos de expertos.Además, se muestran las principales modificaciones a realizar a dicho sistema con el objetivo de superar estaslimitaciones, mediante la aplicación de criterios del mantenimiento centrado en la confiabilidad y del basado enla condición, y las técnicas y métodos del diagnóstico integral.  The technical diagnosis is considered one of the tools main to guarantee the availability and reliability of the carsof transport. Presently work is carried out a study of the main limitations that have the current system oftechnical diagnosis to the diesel motive installations, starting from the analysis of the information coming from 10companies located in the western territory and the application of technical of the creative work with experts'groups. Also, the main modifications are shown to carry out to this system with the objective of overcomingthese limitations, by means of the application of approaches of the reliability centered maintenance (RCM andcondition based maintenance (C B M, and the techniques and methods of the integral diagnosis.

    7. Bakü İçeri Şeher’de Selçuklular Döneminden Kalma İki Mescit: Sınıg Gala (Muhammed (1078 Ve Aşur (1169 Mescitleri (Two Masjid Around Baku İçeri Şeher Remaining From Seljuks: Sinig Gala (Muhammed (1078 And Ashur (1169 Masjids

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      Ramazan UYKUR

      2012-12-01

      small scaled buildings,they don't raise anything new, they are both important in order toclosely trail the architectural line of the period. Bakü’de bugün İçeri Şeher adıyla anılan eski Bakü yerleşiminde küçük ölçeklerde inşa edilmiş çok sayıda mescit bulunmaktadır. Bu makalede Selçuklular’ın Anadolu dışında Azerbaycan Bakü’de bıraktığı maddi kültür izlerinden en erken tarihli iki örnek ele alınmıştır. Çalışmada Türk dünyasında az bilinen bu iki eserin tarih, bani, plân, mimari ve bezeme gibi yönleriyle ayrıntılı biçimde ele alınması amaç edinilmiştir. Bu sebeple Bakü ve çevresindeki yapılarda: gerekli ölçümler, teknik çizimler ve fotoğraflama işlemleri yapılmıştır. Bunun ardından Bakü Berpa Arşivi’nde, Ahundov Kütüphanesi’nde ve Türkiye kütüphanelerinde kaynak araştırmaları ile çalışma tamamlanmıştır1. Türkler Anadolu’yu iskân edinmeleri ile başlattıkları süreçte elde ettikleri siyasi/askeri başarılarının yanında; belleklerinde getirdikleri estetik hissi, mimari anlayışı ve sanat biçimlerini de yeni yurtlarında uygulamışlardır. Bu hareketlilik boyunca geçtikleri güzergahlarda meydana getirdikleri kentlerde bıraktıkları izlerden, Anadolu öncesindeki kültürel mirasın örneklerini bulmak mümkündür.Her iki yapının da Selçuklular’dan günümüze ulaşabilmiş en erken tarihli iki eser olması Türk mimarisindeki gelişimin izlenmesi bakımından önemlidir. Selçuklular’ın Bakü’ye gelmesinden sonra inşa edilen ilk yapı olan Sınıg Gala Mescidi statik problemleri olan, sert kaba görüntülü ve yapıdan bağımsız büyük minaresiyle dikkat çekmektedir. Aşur Mescidi ise, çift katlı cephe düzenlemesi ve harimi bölen bezemeli destek kemeriyle az daha gelişmiş mimari arayışın bir ürünüdür. Ancak her iki kübik yapıda göze çarpan kusur; ağır, basık/karanlık başarısız bir mekan uygulamasıdır. Sonuç olarak, k

    8. Biyoloji Öğretmen Adaylarının “Bakteri” Konusundaki Bilişsel Yapılarının Ve Alternatif Kavramlarının Belirlenmesi Determining Biology Student Teachers’ Cognitive Structure And Alternative Concepts On The Concept Of “Bacteria”

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Hakan KURT

      2013-09-01

      ; Mills, Shaw, Van Horne, Zhang ve Boughman, 2008. Bu yaklaşıma göre önceki deneyimlerle yapılan ilişkilendirmeler nedeniyle zihindeki mevcut bilişsel yapılar bireylerin yeni olayları algılamalarını ve yeni oluşturacakları bilişsel yapıları etkilemektedir. Zayıf bir bilişsel yapının, yeni bilgilerin zihinde yapılandırılma sürecini olumsuz etkilemesi ve böylece yeni bilginin anlamlı olarak yapılanamamasını olumsuz etkilemesi söz konusu olabilmektedir (Tsai ve Huang 2002; Vosniadou, Ioannides, Dimitrakopoulou ve Papademetriou, 2001.Bu kapsamda araştırmacılar öğrencilerin sadece sahip oldukları bilgileri değil; öğrencilerin sahip oldukları farklı bilgi ve kavramlar arasındaki ilişkilerini ve bilişsel yapılarını ölçen tekniklere yönelmişlerdir (Vance, Miller ve Hand, 1995. Bahar (2003, bu stratejiler, kelime ilişkilendirme, yapılandırılmış grid, dallanmış ağaç, kavram haritaları, kavramsal değişim metinleri, analoji, tahmin-gözlem-açıklama şeklinde sıralanabilir. Öğrencilerin bilişsel yapısını inceleyen bu tekniklerden en genel ve en eski olanı, aynı zamanda bu araştırmada da kullanılmış olan teknik kelime ilişkilendirme tekniğidir (Bahar, Johnstone ve Sutcliffe, 1999; Hovardas ve Korfiatis, 2006; Özatlı ve Bahar, 2010; White ve Gunstone, 2000. Bu çalışmanın amacı biyoloji öğretmen adaylarının “bakteri” kavramı konusundaki bilişsel yapılarını incelemektir. Konuyla ilgili literatür taramasında bağımsız kelime ilişkilendirme testi ve çizme-yazma tekniğinin birlikte kullanılarak biyoloji öğretmen adaylarının bakteriyle ilgili kavramsal yapılarını araştıran herhangi bir çalışmaya rastlanmamıştır. Bu çalışmada nitel araştırma yöntemi kullanılmıştır (Yıldırım ve Şimşek, 2006. Veriler toplam 44 öğretmen adayının katılımıyla toplanmıştır. Verilerin toplanmasında bağımsız kelime ilişkilendirmetesti ve çizme-yazma tekni

    9. Preparation of C{sup 14}-labelled tetrazolium salts and tracer study of the tetrazene-formazan rearrangement; Preparation de sels de tetrazolium marques au carbone-14 et etude de la transposition tetrazene-formazan, au moyen d'indicateurs radioactifs; Izgotovlenie mechennykh C{sup 14} solej tetrazosoedinenij i issledovanie pri pomoshchi indikatorov peregruppirovok tetrazona-formazana; Preparacion de sales de tetrazolio marcadas con {sup 14}C y estudio de la transposicion tetraceno-formazan con ayuda de trazadores

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Marton, Joseph; Meisel, Julia [Central Research Institute for Chemistry of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest (Hungary); Gosztonyi, Thomas [Institute of Organic Chemical Technology, Technical University, Budapest (Hungary)

      1962-03-15

      The preparation of [5-C{sup 14}]-TTC, [5, 5'-di-C{sup 14}]NT (neotetrazolium) and [5, 5'-di-C{sup 14}]-BT (tetrazolium blue) starting from benzaldehyde- [1-C{sup 14}] has been accomplished. The yields for both mono- and ditetrazolium salts are high, and the products can be obtained with high sp. activity. The purity of the samples was investigated by paper chromatography. In the case of ditetrazolium salts some impurities could be detected and conclusions drawn as to their structure and quantity. A method has been developed to prepare C{sup 14}- labelled ditetrazolium salts of high purity. The formation of the formazan, the precursor of the tetrazolium salt, goes through an unstable intermediate of tetrazene-type structure which rearranges rapidly in basic medium, to yield the formazan. The tetrazene intermediate can be isolated under suitable conditions. By using C{sup 14}-labelled benzaldehyde phenylhydrazone this rearrangement was investigated and a verification of its intramolecular character given. (author) [French] On a procede a la preparation de [5-C{sup 14}]-TTC, de [5,5'-di-C{sup 14}] NT (neotetrazolium) et de [5,5'-di-C{sup 14}]-VT (bleu de tetrazolium), en partant du benzaldehyde-[1-C{sup 14}]. On a pu obtenir un grand rendement, tant pour les sels de monotetrazolium que pour les sels de ditetrazolium, et des produits d'une activite specifique elevee. La purete des echantillons a ete examinee par chromatographie sur papier. Dans le cas des sels de ditetrazolium, on a pu deceler quelques impuretes et tirer des conclusions quant a leur structure et quantite. On a mis au point une methode permettant de preparer des sels de ditetrazolium marques au carbone-14 et presentant une grande purete. Dans la synthese du formazan, precurseur du sel de tetrazolium, on obtient un produit intermediaire instable d'une structure analogue a celle du tetrazene; ce produit se transforme rapidement en milieu alcalin pour donner du formazan. Le tetrazene intermediaire peut

    10. Efeito da suplementação de selênio e vitamina E sobre a incidência de mastite clínica em vacas da raça holandesa Effect of selenium and vitamin E supplementation on incidence of clinical mastitis in Holstein cows

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      J.J. Paschoal

      2003-06-01

      Full Text Available Oitenta e quatro vacas da raça holandesa foram distribuídas em quatro tratamentos (grupos: o grupo A recebeu 5mg Se/dia, o B recebeu 1000 UI vit. E/dia, o C 5mg Se + 1000 UI vit. E/dia e o D foi usado como controle. A suplementação foi iniciada 30 dias antes da provável data de parição, prolongando-se até o parto. Amostras do volumoso e do concentrado foram colhidas quinzenalmente para análise bromatológica completa e levantamento dos níveis de Se e de vit. E. O sangue foi colhido antes do início da suplementação, ao parto, aos 30 e aos 60 dias após o parto para determinação dos níveis de Se no soro sangüíneo das vacas. O teste de Tamis foi realizado semanalmente para detecção dos casos clínicos de mastite e iniciado logo após o parto, prolongando-se até a 12ª semana da lactação. Um mês após a suplementação, as vacas que receberam selênio apresentaram níveis séricos de Se superiores (PEighty four Holstein cows were randomly allotted to four groups: group A was supplemented with 5mg Se/day, group B with 1000 IU vitamin E/day, group C with 5mg Se/day+1000 IU vitamin E/day and D was used as a control. The supplementation period started 30 days prior to probable parturition date and ended at parturition. Forage and concentrate samples were taken every 15 days for chemical, selenium and vitamin E analyses. Blood samples were taken before starting supplementation, at parturition, and at 30 and 60 days after parturition to determine the selenium serum levels. Tamis test was weekly done to detect clinical mastitis. Selenium supplemented cows had higher serum selenium concentration in comparison to the control group (P<0.05. The vitamin E (P<0.05 as well as selenium supplementation (P<0.08 decreased the incidence of clinical mastitis during the first 12 weeks of the lactation period.

    11. Oxidative stress profile in goats supplemented or not with selenium and vitamin E and submitted to scrotal insulationPerfil de marcadores do estresse oxidativo em caprinos suplementados ou não com selênio e vitamina E e submetidos à insulação escrotal

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Maria Madalena Pessoa Guerra

      2011-12-01

      Full Text Available To evaluate the effect of supplementation with selenium and vitamin E in the diet of goats induced to scrotal insulation (SI on the profile of biochemical markers of systemic oxidative metabolism 12 animals were randomly divided into two groups: G1 - no supplementation G2 - supplemented with selenium (0.1 mg / kg body weight of sodium selenite and vitamin E (0.3 IU / kg body weight. At the end of the adjustment period of 30 days, the scrotal insulation (SI was performed with the placement of plastic bags in the testes for 18 days. Supplementation with Se + vitamin E began 60 days before induction of SI and maintained for 42 days after the end of SI, corresponding to post-insulation (PSI. Blood samples were obtained by jugular venipuncture to obtain total blood for analysis of reduced glutathione (GSH and plasma for analysis of thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS and determination of ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP. No effect of dietary supplementation with Se + vitamin E on the profile of all the variables studied, but there was systemic oxidative action understood by a significant decrease of GSH during the SI, with a gradual increase in the PSI period, as well as lower average of FRAP observed during the SI and the highest average in the period from PSI. It was concluded that analysis of the activity of reduced glutathione (GSH and concentrations of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS and ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP are recommended laboratory methods to evaluate the systemic response to oxidative damage caused by thermal stress testis in goats.Para avaliar o efeito da suplementação com selênio e vitamina E na dieta de caprinos induzidos à insulação escrotal (IE sobre o perfil de indicadores bioquímicos do metabolismo oxidativo sistêmico foram utilizados 12 animais, os quais foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: G1 - sem suplementação; G2 - suplementados com selênio (0,1 mg/Kg de

    12. Morfogenesis dan Diferensiasi Sel dalam Perkembangan Gigi (Tinjauan Molekuler

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Yani Corvianindya

      2015-11-01

      Full Text Available Tooth development provides a dynamic process that has recently been studied at molecular level. There has been much progress toward the understanding of epithelial-mesenchymal cell signaling in tooth germ formation, morphogenesis and cell differentiation. The epithelial-mesenchym interaction is suggested to be the most important mechanism in organogenesis that stimulate mitosis and prevent apoptosis adjacent to the tissue surface. Moreover it affects cell formation and cell differentiation. Enamel knot is assumed to act as a signaling center in the tooth germ epithelial in organizing the tooth pattern as well as controlling the tooth growth. The genes involved in this mechanism are p21, Fgf-4, Shh, Bmp-2, bmp-4, Msx-1 and Lef-1 which are expressed in the enamel knot during the bud stage and cap stage. At the further step of differentiation, epithelial ameloblast and mesenchymal odontoblast will deposit organic matrix in enamel and dentin. This article reviews the molecular morphogenesis of tooth development.

    13. Ekstrak Biji Klabet Menurunkan Jumlah Sel Spermatozoa pada Kelinci

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      I Gusti Nyoman Sri Wiryawan

      2009-06-01

      Full Text Available Fenugreek seed (Trigonella foenum-graecum contains saponin diosgenin, wich has an antifertility effect on spermatozoa so it can be used as an oral contraceptive drug. This study was aimedto investigate the effect of fenugreek seed extract to spermatogenic process of rabbit, especially onviability spermatozoa. “Completely randomized control group post-test only design” was used inthis study. The animals were divided into four groups; one control group and three treatmentgroups with six replicates (P0 = control group; P1 = group were given 10 % fenugreek seed extract,1 cc/day; P2 = group were given 20 % fenugreek seed extract, 1 cc/day; P3 = group were given 30 %fenugreek seed extract, 1 cc/day. The extract was given orally once a day in 50 days. After treatment,testicles were sectioned and stained with Hematoxylin Eosin; for qualitative and quantitativemicroscopic analysis. The result of this study showed that the number of spermatozoa were decreasedsignificantly (p<0,05 after receiving 10% fenugreek seed extract 1 cc per day. In conclusion,fenugreek seed extract could reduce the number of spermatozoa.

    14. Amobilisasi Sel Bacillus licheniformis KA-08 dalam Menghasilkan Keratinase Termostabil

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Anthoni Agustien

      2012-10-01

      Full Text Available Isolate local Bacillus licheniformis KA-08 known extracellular thermostable keratinase producers. Scale up of thermostable keratinase production can be with cells immobilized. The objective of the research is to thermostable keratinase production of B. licheniformis KA-08 cells immobilization. Thermostable keratinase activities were determined with modification of Brandelli and Riffel method. Protein concentration of enzyme determined with Lowry method. Immobilization of cells by Ca-alginate matrix with Adinarayana method, alginate concentration and amount of alginate bead effects with Beshay method. The result extracellular thermostable keratinase of B. licheniformis KA-08 cells immobilized was maximum produced at 12 times incubation with activity as 9.25 U/mg. Three percent alginate has optimum activity. Three hundred alginate beads has optimum activity. Cells immobilized ofB. licheniformis KA-08 has scale up of thermostable keratinase activity at 2 times than free cells. Thermostable keratinase produced by cell immobilized was nine cycles.

    15. Isentropic and non-isentropic sel-similar implosions

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Rodriguez, Manuel; Linan, Amable.

      1978-01-01

      The self-similar motion of an implosive shock at the instant close to the reflection time at the center of the sphere (or cylinder), before and after that reflection occurs, is described. The material is considered to be a perfect gas. A detailed analysis is given of the ordinary differential equations that describe the velocity, density and pressure distributions, obtaining the numerical solution for several values of sigma. Asymptotic solutions are given for small values of 1/sigma and (sigma - 1). Also, the self-similar process of the isentropic compression of a sphere (or cylinder), with initial conditions of uniform density and zero velocity, is given. An asimptotic solution, valid for large values of the maximum density ratio, is obtained. As a part of the solution, it is obtained the pressure-time dependence needed at the outer surface to get the self-similar solution. (author)

    16. Kaheksas ehtenäitus sel hooajal / Kai Lobjakas

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Lobjakas, Kai, 1975-

      1999-01-01

      18. VI-8. VIII Tarbekunstimuuseumis rahvusvaheline ehtekunstinäitus "Meele Avaldus/Mind Seduction". Osalema on kutsutud 30 noort ehtekunstnikku seitsmest Euroopa riigist. Kuraator ja kujundaja Ketli Tiitsar. Eestit esindavad rühmituse F.F.F.F. liikmed, Mari ja Adolfas Shaulys

    17. RESISTENSI INSULIN TERKAIT OBESITAS: MEKANISME ENDOKRIN DAN INTRINSIK SEL

      OpenAIRE

      Mira Dewi

      2012-01-01

      The number of obese individuals worldwide has reached 2.1 billion and this will lead to explosion of obesity-related morbidity and mortality. Obese individuals will develop re­sistance to celluler action of insulin. The obesity related insulin resistance is the major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, the disease which number has reached epidemic proportion. The association between obesity and insulin resistance seem to be cause and effect relation because s...

    18. RESISTENSI INSULIN TERKAIT OBESITAS: MEKANISME ENDOKRIN DAN INTRINSIK SEL

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      Mira Dewi

      2012-03-01

      Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} The number of obese individuals worldwide has reached 2.1 billion and this will lead to explosion of obesity-related morbidity and mortality. Obese individuals will develop re­sistance to celluler action of insulin. The obesity related insulin resistance is the major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, the disease which number has reached epidemic proportion. The association between obesity and insulin resistance seem to be cause and effect relation because studies on human and animal has indicated that the increase or decrease of body weight correlates with insulin sensitivity.  Among of many mechanisms proposed, the most often proposed mechanisms are endocrine and cell in­trinsik mechanism. The increase of fatty acid plasma concentration, dysregulation of adi­pokines and ectopic fat storage are proposed to be the endocrin mechanism that lead to obesity related insulin resistance while oxidative stress and mitochondria dysfunction are the cell intrinsic mechanisms that play role to the disease. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of obesity related insulin resistance will provide valuable information to search for interventions that help to prevent or treat Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and cardiovascular diseases and its related pathologies. Keywords: Obesity, insulin resistance, fatty acid, adipokines, oxidative stress, mitochondria

    19. GAMBARAN SEL DARAH MERAH SAPI BALI (STUDI RUMAH POTONG

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      Siswanto -

      2012-11-01

      Full Text Available A study to observed the profile of erythrocytes of bali cattle was conducted from 2000 to2007 years at Veterinary Physiology Laboratory, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, UdayanaUniversity. The aim of this observation were to study and evaluated erythrocytes andcomplete the data. A total of samples is one hundred ninety-two blood samples were takenfrom bali cattle were slaughtered at the abattoir of Sanggaran Denpasar. The parametersobserved were the number erythrocytes (Hemocytometer Method, hemoglobineconsentration,(Sahli method PCV, MCV (fl, MCH (pg, and MCHC (%/dl usingMicrohematocrite method. Results of this observation showed that there ware totalerythrocytes 5,2 million/mm3, hemoglobine consentration 8,7 gr%, PCV 27,2 %, MCV56.2 fl, MCH 16.7 pg, and MCHC 29.8 %/dl.

    20. Selçuklular Döneminde Sincar

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      Tülay Yürekli

      2015-11-01

      Full Text Available In this article transition period of Sinjar city, today within the borders of Iraq, to the Turkish rule has been addressed. The important cities of Upper Mesopotamia such as Mosul, Sinjar after a short time of subsequent to the Oguz invasion to this region were included by Soltan Tuğrul but remained periodically in the hands of former owners. This situation has changed after the death of Malik Shah and the city was ruled by Turkish governors.

    1. EFEK APLIKASI PADA HIDROKSIAPATIT TERHADAP PERLEKATAN SEL OSTEOBLAS

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      Siti Sunarintyas

      2011-12-01

      Full Text Available Hydroxyapatite (HA is often used as a human bone graft. Modification of HA surface is developed to increase osseointegration process which is influenced by cells attachment surrounded the tissue. Sericin has polar side groups which accelerate cells attachment. The aim of this research was to determine the effect of sericin application over HA surface on the attachment of osteoblast cells. The research used HA synthesized from gypsum (Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta. Sericin was extracted from silkworm cocoons of Bombyx mori. Sericin of 0.01, 0.05, 0.1% were applied over HA discs surface (10 mm in diameter, 3 mm thick. The discs were inserted into osteoblast cells culture of MC3T3E1 for attachment test. The data were analyzed by ANOVA and LSD. The result showed that the amount of osteoblast cells attached to HA (7.60±0.42 was significantly difference (p<0.05 with HA + sericin 0.01% (10.30±0.52, HA + sericin 0.5% (10.63±0.70, HA + sericin 0.1% (10.67±0.87. Variation of sericin concentrations applied over HA did not influence any significant difference on the amount of cells attachment (p>0.05. In conclusion, sericin application over HA surface increased the amount of osteoblast cells attachment. Concentrations of sericin application over HA (0.01, 0.05, 0.1% did not influence osteoblast cells attachment.

    2. EFEK APLIKASI PADA HIDROKSIAPATIT TERHADAP PERLEKATAN SEL OSTEOBLAS

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      Siti Sunarintyas

      2011-12-01

      Full Text Available Hydroxyapatite (HA is often used as a human bone graft. Modification of HA surface is developed to increase osseointegration process which is influenced by cells attachment surrounded the tissue. Sericin has polar side groups which accelerate cells attachment. The aim of this research was to determine the effect of sericin application over HA surface on the attachment of osteoblast cells. The research used HA synthesized from gypsum (Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta. Sericin was extracted from silkworm cocoons of Bombyx mori. Sericin of 0.01, 0.05, 0.1% were applied over HA discs surface (10 mm in diameter, 3 mm thick. The discs were inserted into osteoblast cells culture of MC3T3E1 for attachment test. The data were analyzed by ANOVA and LSD. The result showed that the amount of osteoblast cells attached to HA (7.60±0.42 was significantly difference (p0.05. In conclusion, sericin application over HA surface increased the amount of osteoblast cells attachment. Concentrations of sericin application over HA (0.01, 0.05, 0.1% did not influence osteoblast cells attachment.

    3. Modifikasi Metode Isolasi Sel Endotel Pembuluh Darah Otak (EPDO Tikus: Teknik Dasar Kultur Sel Primer di Bidang Neurosains

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      Ahmad Faried

      2010-12-01

      Full Text Available Isolation method to obtain pure BMVECs is hard to be done consistently and remains a challenge. In this study, we isolated BMVECs from Wistar rat and C57/Bl6 mouse from Japan SLC. All procedures performed according to guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals of Gunma University, Japan. The modification of isolation method was using bovine serum albumin (BSA gradation, not Dextran-70 in which generally used, to separate clusters of BMVECs into single cell. This study was done at Universitas Padjadjaran, in colaboration with Gunma University, Japan, January 2008–June 2009. Further,characteristic and purification results were proven by imunofluorescene staining. The results showed that staining of tight junction, ZO-1, formed a monolayer, tightly packed, non-overlapping and contact-inhibited BMVECs, as expected for a vessel wall endothelial. ECs phenotype confirmed by acethylated LDL, von Willebrand and CD31. The digestion of capillaries generated contaminating pericytes. Contamination was purified using puromycin and the results considered satisfactory (98.3%. In conclusion, our modification procedure allows the isolation of primary rat and mouse BMVECs, which form an endothelial-like monolayer in few days. Puromycin can be used for purification of primary rat and mouse BMVECs

    4. PENGARUH TINGKAT INTENSITAS GELOMBANG ULTRASONIK TERHADAP JUMLAH SEL DARAH PUTIH (LEUKOSIT DAN SEL DARAH MERAH (ERITROSIT PADA MENCIT

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      M. Zully Amrul Hadi

      2016-02-01

      Full Text Available The level of sensitivity and auditory responses observed due to the influence of sound waves can be used as bio-indicators of noise. The aims of this study are to determine the effect of the intensity level of ultrasonic waves to leukocytes and erythrocytes, and to observe the optimal intensity level that can affect the quantity of leukocytes and erythrocytes of mice. Ultrasonic waves with varying levels of intensity of 70 dB, 75 dB, 80 dB, 85 dB, and 90 dB were exposed to the mice for 2 hours, then the quantity of leukocytes and erythrocytes of the mice were observed. The average number of leukocytes in those variation of the intensity level respectively are (4,13±0,50 x103; (5,20±0,62 x103; (5,48±0,72 x103; (5,87±0,65 x103 dan (6,04±0,32 x103; while the average number of erythrocytes respectively are (7,29±0,14 x106; (7,10±0,22 x106; (6,18±0,24 x106;( 5,96±0,52 x106; dan (5,75±0,41 x106 . The average number of leukocytes increased, while erythrocytes decreased as the increasing of intensity level of ultrasonic waves. The optimal intensity level of ultrasonic waves affecting the quantity of leukocytes and erythrocytes of mice has not been known yet from this study.

    5. Thermodynamic Properties of 1:1 Salt Aqueous Solutions with the Electrolattice Equation of State Propriétés thermophysiques des solutions aqueuses de sels 1:1 avec l’équation d’état de réseau pour électrolytes

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      Zuber A.

      2013-05-01

      moyenne pour des solutions aqueuses simples contenant du LiC1, LiBr, LiI, NaC1, NaBr, NaI, KC1, KBr, KI, CsCl, CsBr, CsI, ou du RbC1. Deux méthodes pour obtenir les paramètres du modèle sont présentées et mises en contraste : une méthode spécifique pour le sel en question et une autre basée sur les ions. Par conséquent, l’objectif de ce travail est de calculer les propriétés thermophysiques qui sont largement utilisées pour la conception, l���exploitation et l’optimisation de nombreux procédés industriels, parmi eux le dessalement de l’eau.

    6. Bilişsel - Duyuşsal Odaklı Bir Programın ilköğretim Öğrencilerinin Fiziksel Engelli Yaşıtlarına Yönelik Sosyal Kabul Düzeylerine Etkisinin İncelenmesi

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      Canan Aktaş

      2002-07-01

      Full Text Available Bu araştırmanın amacı bilişsel ve duyuşsal odaklı etkinlikleri içeren bir programın ilköğretim öğrencilerinin fiziksel engelli yaşıtlarına yönelik sosyal kabul düzeyleri üzerindeki etkisini incelemektir. Araştırmaya deney ve kontrol gruplarında 20'şer öğrenci olmak üzere toplam 40 öğrenci (6., 7'., ve 8. sınıf katılmıştır. Deney grubunu II kız 9 erkek, kontrol grubunu ise 9 kız, 11 erkek öğrenci oluşturmuştur. Öğrencilerin fiziksel engelli yaşıtlarına yönelik sosyal kabul düzeyleri program öncesi ve sonrasında Sosyal Kabul Ölçeği ile değerlendirilmiştir. Deney grubundaki öğrencilere haftada iki gün 90 dakika süreli 7 oturumdan oluşan bir program uygulanmıştır. Programda, öğrencilere fiziksel engelli bireyler hakkında bilgi verme, film gösterme, grup tartışması, görme engelli bir bireyle doğrudan etkileşimde bulunma ve engel durumunu canlandırma etkinliklerine yer verilmiştir. Analiz sonuçları, uygulanan programın deney grubundaki öğrencilerin fiziksel engelli yaşıtlarına yönelik sosyal kabul düzeylerini geliştirmede etkili olduğunu göstermiştir. Araştırmada elde edilen bu bulgu, engelli Öğrencilerin normal okul ortamlarında başarılı bir biçimde kaynaştırılmaları açısından benzer programların gerekliliğine işaret etmektedir. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of an intervention program, incorporated cognitive and affective activities on social acceptance level of physically disabled children by their nonhandicapped peers, at 6"' to Slh grade. A total of 40 students. 20 for experimental (II female and 9 male and 20 for control group (9 female and 11 male participated in the study. The Social Acceptance Scale was administered to both groups before and after the program. The program, applied lo the experimental group, was held two times a week for ninety minutes per day for seven weeks. Provision of information about

    7. Pengukuran Kinerja Non Finansial: Suatu Cara meningkatkan ‘Value’ Perusahaan

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      Ietje Nazaruddin

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available The primary purpose performance evaluation is to motivate employees to attain organizational goals and to comply with predetermined behavior standards to produce desire actions and out comes. The behavior standards could be prescribed managerial policies or formal plans for desire integrated actions (Siegel, 1989. Innovation in measuring the financial performance of these organizations played a vital role in their successful growth at the industrial age. Unfortunately, Financial measure are used for monitoring purpose are not under the complete control of the people being monitored (Zimmermen, 1995. At its heart, an overemphasis on achieving and maintaining short-term financial results can cause companies to overinvest in short-term fixes and to underinvest in long-term value creation, particularly in the intangible and intellectual assets that generate (Kaplan, 1999 The emergence of the information era requires the new measurements systems, that complete financial measurement to improve competitive organizations. The non-financial measurement complement financial measures of the drivers of future performance to superior performance. Non financial measure can solve to overemphasis maximize short-term financial result if only financial measure uses. Kaplan introduces the way to solve the irresistible force to build long-range competitive capabilities and the immovable object of the historical-cost financial accounting model has created a new synthesis: the Balanced Scorecard

    8. Perancangan Model Pengukuran Kinerja Lean dan Green Rantai Pasok Semen Secara Terintegrasi

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      Dina Rahmayanti

      2017-05-01

      Full Text Available Abstract PT. Semen Padang is one of the reputable cement companies in Indonesia which is producing types of cement. Implementation of supply chain concept in PT. Semen Padang is very important to satisfy customers and stakeholders requirement. Performance measurement is a process to evaluate the supply chain effectiveness and efficiency in lean and green aspect. The problem is how to design performance measurement model which is integrating lean and green supply chain concepts. The objective of research is integrating lean and green supply chain concepts to design supply chain performance measurement of bag cement type. Integration of lean and green concept is designed by Balanced Scorecard (BSC perspectives that consist of financial, customer, internal process business and learning and growth. Key performance indicators (KPI are formulated and classified based on BSC perspectives. Next stage is pair wise comparison process to the weight value. Evaluation of KPI pair wise comparison based is conducted on expert opinion which is selected by consideration of their relevance knowledge and experience. The process of pair wise comparison is calculated to determine priority of the KPIs based on weight value by using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP method. The weight of KPI will be arrange by descending to determine the priority. Model of performance measurement is validated by face validity method. Research result is obtaining 25 KPIs that derived from integration of lean and green supply chain concept of bag cement type. Grouping is consisting of 3 KPIs of financial, 4 KPIs of customer, 11 KPI s of internal process business and 7 KPI s of learning & growth. Result is showing that customer is most prioritized element in supply chain of bag cement type. Implementation of proposing model is coordination of departments and employee in context of information accessibility. Keywords: Supply chain, lean, green, BSC, performance measurement

    9. Pengukuran Kepuasan Kerja Karyawan APLP & A PT Semen Padang (PT X

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      Shelly Nolandari

      2016-04-01

      Full Text Available Thoughts on employee satisfaction arise because the company believes its employees have a high level of satisfaction will result in a better level of productivity, work more accurate, the fewer the number of absences and higher loyalty than employees with low satisfaction levels.Company's with good productivity will grow and increase revenue. PT Semen Padang has several subsidiaries and affiliates like PT X. PT X will measure employee satisfaction with the company's expectations are always making changes that sustainable about employee satisfaction because companies believe that employee satisfaction level of its high yield levels better productivity, work more accurate, the number of absences are fewer and loyalty higher than employees with low satisfaction levels. Companies with good productivity will experience growth as indicated by the increase in revenue, in line with the increase in the welfare of the employees. PT Semen Padang has several subsidiaries and affiliates PT X. PT Xwill measure employee satisfaction with the Company's expectations.

    10. ANALISIS RESISTANSI COIL KAWAT TEMBAGA TERHADAP PERUBAHAN SUHU SANGAT RENDAH SEBAGAI RANCANG DASAR PENGUKURAN SUHU RENDAH

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      Riswanto Riswanto

      2015-03-01

      Full Text Available The resistance of a wire conductor depend of the wire material. Copper wire formed into a coil shape an effective form to produce a large resistance. Copper wire resistance influenced bytemperature about it. Coil of copper wire has a good response at low temperature changes produced by liquid nitrogen. This response is shown by the index value determination (R2 = 0.999 which is close to the value 1,that means changes in temperature approaching a linear response to changes in a voltage. The results can be used as a basis for the design of the low-temperature measurements cheaper

    11. Analisis dan Pengukuran Kualitas Informasi Pada Website Menggunakan Pendekatan Six Sigma

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      Bagus Faisal

      2018-04-01

      Full Text Available Information held by a company is one of the important factors for its success. Nowadays with rapid development of usage of internet and social media, bad information can also have a significantly negative impact on every element / level that exists in the company or in the community. Sometimes it can lead to public unrest. Bad or good information has correlation with the quality of information. The aim of this research  is to assest and analyze  the quality of information using Six Sigma approach and we choose Kaskus website as a case study. Kaskus is the largest community online in Indonesia. It provided various kinds of information to its user. By using its approach, this research consists of 5 stages, they are “define”, “measure”, “analysis”, “improve”, and “control”. Each phase/stage using different tools to assess the current Information Quality, such as questionnaires for define phase, “Expert Choice”(Analytic Hierarchy Process for measure phase, and quality function deployment (QFD for analysis stage. Questionnaires used for defining customer specifications and identify information quality problem, meanwhile software “Expert Choice” used to measure the importance each quality information dimensions and then to validate/analyzise the problem of the data. And lastly, QFD used to determine the mutual relationships of information quality dimensions and critical to Information Quality factors. Output of “Analyze” stage shows that Accuracy, Relevancy, and Objectivity dimension on Kaskus website need to be improved immediately because it reaches unacceptable point.

    12. Analisis Pengukuran Kinerja Organisasi Dengan Metode Balanced Scorecard ( Pada Ksu Karyawan Pemerintah Kota Semarang )

      OpenAIRE

      Syamsiyah, Syamsiyah; Farida, Naili; Rodhiyah, Rodhiyah

      2013-01-01

      The research of goal was to determine the performance measurement in financial perspective, customer perspective, internal business perspective the process, learning and growth perspective of the balanced scorecard method at KSU Government Employee of Semarang city. This research is a qualitative descriptive analysis of financial and non-financial. Source of data used are primary data with a a questionnaire for customer satisfaction and employee mengetehui and indept interview to determine th...

    13. Pengukuran Kinerja Efektif Departemen Pengembangan Sistem Informasi dengan Metode Balanced Scorecard pada PT. Xyz

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      Eli Suryani

      2013-06-01

      Full Text Available Department of Information System Development at PT XYZ becomes a trigger in the movement of the Information Technology Development of the company.  However it is not merely the fastest, the biggest or the most completed project that determine the success, but the most important is to align with the business strategy due to achieve the company’s goal and objective. Recognizing the performance does not only need a measurement system but also right measurements. The purpose of the study is to design an effective Key Performance Indicator in Departement of Information System Development that is aligned with current indicators to measure the success of company’s strategy execution. The choosen indicators are cascaded from company’s strategy map and information technology strategy map. The design uses balanced scorecard method according to data and information collected from executive interview, focus group discussion and workshop with the key persons in IT organization. Balanced scorecard method provides the integration of financial and non-fianncial factor for measurements. It allows different level formulation with same performance indicator flexibly. Recently, Department of Information System Development can monitor and develop its performance directionally. 

    14. Sistem Informasi Pengukuran Kinerja Pada Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Dengan Menggunakan Metode Balanced Scorecard

      OpenAIRE

      Rosmiati Rosmiati; Mustafid Mustafid; Ibnu Widiyanto

      2016-01-01

      Palm oil plantations is one of the sub-sectors of agriculture crops in Indonesia, which is the main source of food and economic growth. The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) into a model of performance measurement system that can provide a solution within the framework of an integrated performance measurement using financial and non financial aspects. This study aims to develop information systems to measure the performance of oil palm plantations using the Balanced Scorecard method. Measurement of pe...

    15. PENGUKURAN SIFAT POLARISASI BERBAGAI MINYAK NABATI MENGGUNAKAN LAMPU IR DAN LASER HE-NE

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      U Kaltsum

      2017-03-01

      Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji sifat polarisasi berbagai minyak nabati (minyak sawit, minyak kedelai, minyak zaitun, VCO, minyak curah, dan jelantah dengan variasi keadaan baru dan kadaluwarsa, menggunakan lampu IR dan laser He-Ne. Pengujian dilakukan dengan menempatkan minyak nabati diantara polarisator dan analisator. Hasil penelitian pada kedua sumber cahaya menunjukkan pola yang hampir sama. Minyak zaitun dan VCO memiliki perubahan sudut polarisasi alami kecil, sedangkan minyak sawit, kedelai, jelantah, dan curah memiliki perubahan sudut polarisasi alami besar. Besarnya perubahan sudut polarisasi minyak kadaluwarsa lebih besar dibanding minyak baru. Perubahan sudut polarisasi sebanding dengan jumlah radikal bebas (ALB, peroksida dan molekul asimetri (asam lemak jenuh, molekul rantai panjang. Meskipun pola yang dihasilkan oleh kedua sumber cahaya sama, namun lampu IR memberikan nilai perubahan sudut polarisasi yang lebih tinggi dari laser He-Ne. Hal ini dimungkinkan karena daya lampu IR lebih besar dari He-Ne, sehingga energi yang dihasilkan lampu IR lebih tinggi dan perubahan sudut polarisasinya lebih besar. This research based on previous research that using IR lamp (250 watt and He-Ne laser (1 mW on a mixture of palm oil and animal oil. Both of light source were used again to measure polarization properties of various vegetable oils (palm oil, soybean oil, olive oil, VCO, rainfall oil and used cooking oil with a variety of new and expired. The tools used were a set polarization, IR lamp, He-Ne laser, and power supply. The experiment was done by placing vegetable oil between the polarizer and analyzers. The result showed both of light sources had similar pattern; polarization changes of olive oil and the VCO were small, while polarization changes of palm oil, soybean oil, used cooking oil, and rainfall were high. Polarization change of expired oil was higher than new oil. The value of polarization change was proportional to free radicals (FFA, peroxide and asymmetry molecular (saturated fatty acids, long chain molecules. Although the patterns resulted by two light sources were same, IR lamp provide polarization change higher than He-Ne laser. This might be due to the power of IR light was greater than the power of He-Ne laser. 

    16. PERANCANGAN DAN IMPLEMENTASI SISTEM PENGUKURAN KINERJA DENGAN METODE PERFORMANCE PRISM (Studi Kasus pada Hotel X)

      OpenAIRE

      Iwan Vanany; Dian Tanukhidah

      2004-01-01

      This article described a result of research design of performance measurement system in hotel business with Performance Prism Model. As long as, performance measurement system at hotel X not yet representatived organization performance according to comprehensif and integrated. Because of needed redesign performance measurement system with new model. From the objective condition of hotel X, Performance Prism model more representative than others. The result of design described that stakeholder...

    17. PENGUKURAN PERMANENT EARNINGS PADA HUBUNGAN DENGAN KEBIJAKAN DIVIDEND PERUSAHAAN : REVIEW PENELITIAN

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      Wahyu Manuhara Putra

      2016-02-01

      Full Text Available Corporate earnings divided into a permanent component of earnings and transitory earnings will be very useful in estimating the future value of the company, that will be useful in decision making stock return. Be more relevant for investors and financial analysts in analyzing the earnings based on the permanent and transitory earnings. On permanent earnings will be more focused to get the gain from investments. One focus of research is based on this component is to test the relationship with the earnings dividend payment policy. Based on several studies obtained different results concerning the relationship with the permanent earnings dividend policy. Research that focuses on permanent earnings using two approaches to determine the accuracy of the proxy of permanent earnings. Determination of permanent earnings through the stock price and the latter by using the accounting profit.

    18. Pengukuran Efektivitas Mesin Menggunakan Overall Equipment Effectiveness Untuk Dasar Usulan Perbaikan

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      Bernandus Yoseph Bilianto

      2017-01-01

      Full Text Available CV. Gracia has offset printing machines that often have downtime due to engine failures. The low effectiveness of the offset printing machines could cause losses to the company. Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE method is a tool to determine the success rate of Total Productive Maintenance (TPM based on categories of availability, performance, and quality. The OEE average value of the company in 2014, 57%, is relatively low. In this study, causes of this low OEE is analyzed using Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA and fishbone diagram. Improvements such as relocation of raw material and colourful catalog were subsequently proposed and implemented during April - May 2016. The implementation resulted in OEE average value of 60%.

    19. PENGUKURAN KINERJA LEMBAGA PERKREDITAN DESA (LPD KECAMATAN SUSUT DENGAN ANALISIS BALANCED SCORECARD

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      Gede Putu Agus Jana Susila

      2017-01-01

      Abstract LPD presence in the village gave a huge benefit to the economic life of the villagers. The benefits derived are able to provide loans to villagers with relatively little interest, in the process of granting credit to prospective customers flexible or not compounded, to distribute evenly in the traditional village economy, job creation, and the LPD can maintain traditional rural development. With the LPD expected scope of poverty in the region declined LPD. This study aims to determine the performance of the District LPD Losses were assessed with Balanced Scorecard method and judging from their respective perspectives: financial, customer, internal business processes, and learning and growth. In accordance with that purpose then, the design of this research is quantitative descriptive study in which provides an explanation of the performance of LPD with the Balanced Scorecard method. Financial perspective in Balanced Scorecard directing the performance in creating value and provide a fundamental improvement in the company through the calculation of capital, assets, profitability and liquidity. In the internal business process perspective, measuring the credit granting process in LPD District of Susut used Manufacturing Cycle Effectiveness (MCE to avoid time wasted in the process of granting a credit, while the performance assessment of the customer's perspective that lays customer satisfaction, as well as learning and growth perspective that lays satisfaction employee use of questionnaires using Likert scale. Using the Balanced Scorecard, will determine how the performance in the District LPD Losses not only from a financial perspective but also from the three non-financial perspectives that includes customer perspective, internal business processes, learning and growth perspective. Ratings financial perspective and non-financial performance can integrate all aspects of the District LPD shrinkage. LPD overall performance ratings assessed by the method of balanced scorecard in the category quite well, because obtained a score of 2089.13 and this score is in the interval 1359 - 2716. This condition implies that the performance LPD still needs to be improved to be in a very good category with LPD improve the performance of the financial perspective, customer perspective, and learning and growth perspective Keywords: Balanced Scorecard, Performance Appraisal, Village Credit Institutions (LPD

    20. Balanced Scorecard sebagai Alternatif Alat Penilaian Kinerja untuk Pengukuran Kinerja pada BPR “MJP”

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      Kriswanto Kriswanto

      2015-08-01

      Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to provide an alternative implementation of the Balanced Scorecard to improve the performance of the company in the long run. The alternative is recommended, because the measurement of the performance of the company was considered inappropriate. This is because at this time, the company uses traditional performance measurement which only emphasizes the financial aspects only. Study of literature and field observations have been made to obtain information related to the problem that occurred in the company. A questionnaire was used as a tool to look at from the side of the customers and workers during the traditional performance measurement is not a measurement element. Performance of the company in 2011 was less than satisfactory, due to a decrease in operating income, which also resulted in the company's net profit declined. Satisfactory results were obtained through questionnaires to customers who indicate that customers have been satisfied with the performance of the company. Questionnaire distributed to workers also showed satisfactory results that affect the company's internal business processes. It is known when the measurement of internal business process perspective, and learning and growth perspective is done. Suggestions and improvements to the company will be adapted to the circumstances of the company.

    1. Analisis Pengukuran Kinerja Rumah Sakit Dengan Pendekatan Balanced Scorecard Pada Rumah Sakit Daerah Madani Palu

      OpenAIRE

      Parmita, Ririn

      2015-01-01

      This study aims to analyze the performance of a customer perspective, financial perspective, internal business perspective and learning and growth perspective. Respondents in this study for the customer's perspective is the patient or family as much as 97 people and for internal business perspective and learning and growth perspective is the Regional Hospital Madani employees 82 people, the sampling technique used is proportional random sampling method. Methods of data analysis in this resear...

    2. Pengukuran Kapasitas Antioksidan Dalam Rimpang Temulawak (Curcuma Xanthorrhiza Roxb.) Secara Spektrofotometri Sinar Tampak

      OpenAIRE

      Maggie

      2015-01-01

      One of Indonesia’s top natural product, Java turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb), is very strategic to be developed, considering the benefits demonstrated by one of its active compound which is polyphenols. The presence of the phenolic group leads to strong antioxidant activity in biological systems, therefore could prevent diseases associated with reduction-oxidation reaction. The purpose of this study was to determine the antioxidant capacity in Java turmeric dosage form in the market and...

    3. PREDIKSI PUNCAK KEMATANGAN BUAH NAGA MELALUI PENGUKURAN GULA REDUKSI DENGAN METODE NELSON-SOMOGYI

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      Alimuddin -

      2016-01-01

      Full Text Available Prediction of dragon fruit maturation peak by measuring reductor sugar with nelson-somogyi method have been done. Prediction was done by using three modes which are experimental result, regression model and first derivation. Age of the fruit which used in this research were 1, 3, 5 and 7 weeks old. Based on the result of this research can be concluded that maturation peak of dragon fruit happens at between 5 until 6 weeks old. Keywords: Dragon Fruit, Reductor Sugar and Nelson-Somogyi Method.

    4. PENGUKURAN INDEKS KEPUASAN PENGGUNA DATA TERHADAP PELAYANAN PADA BADAN PUSAT STATISTIK KOTA SURAKARTA

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      Sidiq Permono Nugroho

      2016-08-01

      Full Text Available This research aims was to figure out user’s satisfaction index towards this public service toward Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS. BPS is a non-ministry government institution implements the bureaucracy reform, and provides comprehensive, accurate, and sophisticated statistics in order to create a System of National Statistics. The data analysis technique for this research is Users (people who once used The Central Bureau of Statistic Service Satisfaction Index, counted through weighted average values of some service elements based on Number 63/KEP/M.PAN/7/2003. Among the 120 users of The Central Bureau of Statistics, this research shows that The Satisfaction Index reaches 75.31 (good, but it still need to be improved remember there are some indicators showing a not quite good Performance Index. Totally 20 out of 24 indicators are categorized into ‘good service’, while the other fours indicator need to be enhanced and improved.

    5. Pengukuran Kualitas Jasa Bengkel Sepeda Motor SM di Kota Padang dengan Metode Servqual

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      Agus Sutanto

      2011-10-01

      Full Text Available This paper is concerned with the measurement of customer satisfaction a motorcycle repair shop in the city of Padang on the quality of service received by the SERVQUAL method. The method was developed in the 1980s by Zeithaml, Parasuraman & Berry used a questionnaire to measure quality of service. With this, it is known how big the gap (gap that exists between perceptions and expectations of customers of a service company. Method of quantitatively measuring the quality of this service, contains dimensions such as tangibles (physical facilities and personnel, responsiveness (responsiveness, realibility (reliability, assurance (security and empathy (empathy. The purpose of the use of the SERVQUAL dimensions is to make program improvements in the control of service-oriented to customer satisfaction, as one of the company's strategy to empower Total Quality Service. From the analysis of 84 samples without weighting the data of interest can be concluded that there is a gap between perception with expectations in every dimension. The sequence starts from the dimensions of each dimension with the largest gap is tangible dimension, followed by the dimensions of assurance, reliability, empathy and responsiveness of the last dimension. The average total gap of each dimension is equal to -0.8664. This suggests that the quality of service expected by customers has not been achieved. From the analysis of the value obtained by the dimensional weight of the interests of tangible (physical facilities and personnel should get the greatest attention to be fixed. Keywords: Servqual, repair shop, service

    6. Pengukuran Lingkungan Kerja Fisik dan Operator untuk Menentukan Waktu Istirahat Kerja

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ari Zaqi Al Faritsy

      2017-12-01

      Full Text Available Physical workings and physiological data of the work operator on the work of human at work. Therefore, it is necessary to design the working environment for operator comfort and work time determinant. The research process by measuring the physical work environment, the operator's physiological data, the determination of time and work break time. The transmitter and the frais are too dark, the temperature is too hot and humid, it is necessary to increase the number of lamps and air ventilation around the lathe and frais operators. Frais machine operators generated CVL of 26.7% which is still below 30% then operators of frais machines can not be exposed to work. Lathe operators of CVL results are 31.34%, because the results are in the range of 30% - 60% then the lathe operators experience work that result to operator performance. Lathe operators require a break time of 20.85 minutes and the engine operator frais 18.85 minutes.

    7. Pengukuran Hasil Pendampingan Kelompok Wirausaha Baru di Kota Batu Tahun 2014

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      Mohammad Zaenal Abidin

      2016-06-01

      Full Text Available At the end of 2015, Indonesia will be entering ASEAN Economic Community. Indonesia as the largest population in South East Asia will be the largest market if the number of entrepreneur is less than standard number. Especially the competitiveness index of Indonesia comes to the 34th position in the world and in the 4th position in ASEAN. Indonesia economic growth cannot be separated from the contribution of SME. It contributes 98.7% of employment and 59,08% on gross domestic product. As contributor for Indonesia economic growth, SME also faces complex problems both internal and external. In attempt to improve quantity and quality of SME it requires well-programmed moves one of which is recent entrepreneurial assistance program organized by East Java Government. The present study aims at determining knowing mentoring component description and the effect of learning component on the success of recent entrepreneurial assistance program, the result of recent entrepreneurial assistance program, and supporting and obstacle Faktor of recent entrepreneurial assistance program in Batu.The present study employed quantitative causality associative model and embedded model of qualitative. The study consists of independent variable (X; purpose, material, instructor, media, and assistance method and dependent variable is the success of assistance program. The population of the study is the participants of entrepreneurship assistance program in Batu of 2014. The sampling technique employed is saturated sampling with 40 respondents. Analysis technique employed is multiple linear regression analysis and strengthens by the result of qualitative data analysis. The data obtained through questionnaires with Likert scale and interview.In conclusion, that the description of the mentoring program components assessed both by the participants, the size of the success of the mentoring program could be said to be good in size softskill but less good in size hardskill, the learning components; purpose, affects negatively to the success of assistance program, instructors and media affects significantly and positively to the success of assistance program, material and method do not affects significantly and positively to the assistance program. The supporting Faktor affecting the participants is faith and motivation while the obstacle Faktor is capital, tools and marketing management. The suggestions can be given is improving instructor competences and evaluating material and method of assistance program based on the needs of the participants.

    8. Validasi Spesifikasi Campuran Biodiesel-Solar Hasil Pengukuran dengan Metode Perhitungan Sederhana

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      Soni S. Wirawan

      2007-09-01

      Full Text Available Biodiesel is a fuel derived from vegetable oil or animal fats that can be used as an additive to or entirely replace conventional petroleum diesel fuel. In most cases, biodiesel is mixed with conventional diesel because of the higher cost of biodiesel, product availability and engine compatibility issues. In Indonesia, the decree No. 3675K/24/DJM/2006 regarding the quality and specification of diesel oil type Solsr 48 and Solar 51 has been issued this decree regulates the use of FAME (fatty acid methyl ester up to the maximum of 10 percent of the volume of automotive diesel fuel with which it is to be blended. The cost to measure the properlles of fuel is expensive and time consuming, therefore it is important to develop a simple method to predict those blending properties. This paper presents the development of a simple calculation method for the validation of blend palm biodiesel-mineral diesel specification (density, viscosity, cetane number and lubricity which has been measured in the author's previous study The result shows that the lubricity and viscosity shows a higher average error value (difference value between calculation and measurement result of 1.66% and 1.35%, whereas density and cetane number shows lower average error values of 0.06 and 0.6%. The average error value less than 2% is still acceptable.

    9. Evaluasi Ketidakpastian Pengukuran Multi-Unsur Dalam Mineral Zirkon Dengan Metode Analisis Aktivasi Neutron

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      Sukirno

      2015-05-01

      Full Text Available The evaluation of multi-elements analysis has been carried out with calculation of element uncertainy in the zircon mineral from Sampit (Central Kalimantan dan Bangka has been evaluated by the Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA method. The purpose of this research is determination of composition and value of multi-elements uncertainty in the mineral of zircon to fulfil the requirements of ISO/IEC guide 17025-2008 that applied at NAA laboratory. The result of analysis using gamma spectrometry with a HPGe detector showed of 21 detected elements, divided into three groups (major, minor, and trace. Evaluation of uncertainty estimation should be done to increase quality and confidence rate of analysis results. The result of testing are not mean without calculation of uncertainty. Therefore, it was assessed the uncertainty measurement of all elements analysis in zircon mineral. The results of quantitative analysis is Zr with the highest concentration value of 38.986% and value of uncertainty is 0.331% so that value of real concentration is 38.986 ± 0.331%. In the form of oxide (ZrO2 has concentration of 52.661±0.45%. Sb element is the lowest element detected with value of concentration and uncertainty is 7±0,3 µg/g. In the form of oxide (Sb2O3 has concentration is 17±0.9 µg/g. The oxide composition and the must important of chemicals in the zircon sand mineral more significant from Sampit which quantitative composition areZrO2+HfO2 (53-55%, F2O3 (5-6%, TiO2 (13-14%, Al2O3 (1.5-2% and SiO2. Elements ofSi(SiO2 can not be determined by NAA method because Si cross-sections is verysmall.

    10. Pengukuran Kinerja Supply Chain Dengan Pendekatan Supply Chain Operation References (SCOR

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      Rizki Wahyuniardi

      2017-12-01

      Full Text Available PT. Brodo Ganesha Indonesia is a national company engaged in manufacturing with the production of leather shoes. The company has many stakeholders and it is difficult to manage its supply chain, thereby affecting the effectiveness and efficiency of the company's supply chains. The research was conducted to measure the performance of supply chain by using Supply Chain Operation References (SCOR approach. The initial hierarchy model of performance measurement is tailored to the company's condition to measure its supply chain performance, while the normalization of Snorm De Boer serves to equalize the value of the matrix used as the measurement indicator. The level of importance of performance attributes is measured by weighting with subjective questionnaires. Value of performance attribute obtained reliability 19,74, responsiveness 16,91, agility 11,00; and asset management 12.26. The total performance score of 59.90. This value indicates that the performance of the supply chain is in an average position.

    11. Sistem Informasi Pengukuran Kinerja Pada Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Dengan Menggunakan Metode Balanced Scorecard

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      Rosmiati Rosmiati

      2016-04-01

      Full Text Available Palm oil plantations is one of the sub-sectors of agriculture crops in Indonesia, which is the main source of food and economic growth. The Balanced Scorecard (BSC into a model of performance measurement system that can provide a solution within the framework of an integrated performance measurement using financial and non financial aspects. This study aims to develop information systems to measure the performance of oil palm plantations using the Balanced Scorecard method. Measurement of performance using four perspectives, that is: financial, customer, internal business processes and learning and growth. Nine indicators were used, that is: value of employee satisfaction, employee loyalty value, Return on Assets (ROA, solvency, crop maintenance, harvesting TBS, increasing the foreman and administrative competence in the garden, orchard manager guidance to employees and provide a special budget for training. This study resulted in an information system that can determine the weights of indicators and performance assessment scores will then be known to the achievement of performance measurement in oil palm plantations. This study was carried out on the Bina Karya plantation, obtained performance tends to be stable from 2009 to 2013. In 2011 the highest performance values ​​obtained at 68.34% and the lowest was in 2009 at 60.84%.   Keywords: Performance Measurement; Balanced scorecard; Key Performance Indicator; Information System; Palm oil

    12. Analisis Pengukuran Waktu Kerja Karyawan Bengkel Toyota Auto 2000 di Balikpapan

      OpenAIRE

      -, Agus -

      2014-01-01

      This study aims to determine the specific labor standard time engine oil replacement vehicle machine Toyota Auto 2000 MT. Balikpapan Haryono used standard working time. Based on interviews with employees of Auto 2000 Toyota workshop. MT. Haryono completed replacement of engine oil required an average completion time of 1 hour of receipt to the consumer.The problem of this study is the labor time required to complete the work car oil changes are in accordance with the standart time in the wor...

    13. Akuntansi Sosial: Suatu Tinjauan Mengenai Pengakuan, Pengukuran dan Pelaporan Externalities dalam Laporan Keuangan

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      Sri Murni

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to conduct a review of the recognition, measurement and reporting of social accounting, especially regarding externalities which includes social benefits and social cost. This article will discuss the introduction, objectives and corporate responsibility, corporate social responsibility, social accounting, ekternalities, problem recognition, measurement and reporting of externalities, social accounting application prospect in Indonesia and conclusions. The conclusion that can be drawn is that the company must carry out social responsibility as a sign of social responsibility towards the environment. And accounting knowledge should be further developed to gain the framework and the basis for the concept of socially-oriented reporting. 

    14. Pengukuran Greenship Home Pada Rumah Tinggal Berkonsep “Green” Di Perkotaan

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      Ronim Azizah

      2017-01-01

      Full Text Available The limited availability of land and global warming have resulted a more difficult thermal comfort to occur, especially in the urban residential houses. The purpose of this research is to find an alternative solution for green building in the urban residential houses. Method to solve this problem is by using Greenship criteria version Home v.0.1., which consists of six test material, there are: (1 site (code: ASD; (2 Energy (code: EEC; (3 water (code: WAC; (4 material (code: MRC; (5 convenience (code: IHC; and (6 management (code: BEM. Object tested with these parameters are houses designed with the concept of green, among others: a house in Salatiga, a house in Solo and a house of Rempah Karya in Colomadu. The results of these tests show that house in Salatiga able to achieve a platinum rating while Solo was able to achieve a gold rating and house of rempah karya only able to achieve a silver rating.

    15. Studi Pengaruh Pengaman Galvanometer terhadap Keakuratan Hasil Pengukuran Resistor pada Jembatan Wheatstone Sederhana

      OpenAIRE

      Herlan, Dedeng

      2014-01-01

      Pengaman galvanometer pada penggunaan jembatan wheastone sebagai alat untuk mengukur besarkomponen resistor R dikembangkan pada penelitian ini. Pengaman galvanometer yang ditelitimemakai bahan resistor yang telah tersedia di pasaran dengan berbagai ukuran. . Berdasarkanbentuk strukturnya yang khas dari sebuah jembatan wheatstone, resistor yang digunakan sebagaipengaman galvanometer dalam penelitian ini, yaitu susunan resistor variabel R3 dan R4dengantipe L yang mengapit salah s...

    16. PENGUKURAN KINERJA PERUSAHAAN PT. HADJI KALLA DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN ANALISIS ECONOMIC VALUE ADDED

      OpenAIRE

      2013-01-01

      Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui kinerja Economic Value Added (EVA) yang dicapai oleh perusahaan PT. Hadji Kalla, sedangkan metode analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis perkembangan Economic Value Added (EVA), Net Operating Profit After Tax (NOPAT) dan The purpose of this study was to determine the performance of the Economic Value Added (EVA), which is achieved by the company PT. Hadji Kalla...

    17. Validitas dan Reliabilitas Konstruk Pengukuran Perpustakaan Ideal Berbasis Pemakai dengan Pendekatan LIBQUAL

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      Yulyanti Fahruna

      2017-08-01

      Full Text Available This study aims to measure the validity and reliability construct satisfaction and quality of library services based on the user using LIBQUAL (library quality method with a touch of marketing management. Data analysis by Cronbach Alpha and Pearson Correlation. The research was conducted in Tanjungpura University (UNTAN by taking samples of visitors (students at six (6 faculty libraries namely three (3 social faculty of 150 people and three (3 science faculty of 150 people. The sample is chosen by purposive sampling method. Reliability test results show that the five US, IC, LP, LQ and KU variables show high instrument reliability. The result of pearson correlation test shows that the measurement instrument used has problem validity on some question items. At minimum service item with correlation value smaller than 0.30 is IC2, IC5 and LQ5 so it is declared invalid. At service expectation items with correlation value smaller than 0.30 ie AS8, IC1, IC2, IC4, LP1, KU1, KU2, KU4, and KU8. And at present service items with correlation values smaller than 0.30 ie IC1, IC3, LP1, LP3, LQ1, LQ3, LQ4 and KU1.

    18. MEDIASI KONFLIK PERAN DAN KEADILAN PROSEDURAL DALAM HUBUNGAN PENGUKURAN KINERJA DENGAN KINERJA MANAJERIAL

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      Yesi Mutia Basri

      2013-12-01

      Full Text Available This study explores managerial behavioral responses associated with performance measurement system. Design of performance measurement system is investigated financial and non-financial measures related to the four perspectives of Balanced Scorecard (BSC. This paper examines whether a role conflict and procedural fairness affect the relationship between performance measure and managerial performance. Based on a sample of 67 managers of regional Bank in Pekanbaru, the results from a structural model tested using Partial Least Squares indicate a relationship between performance measurement system and managerial performance is mediated by a role of conflict. However, this study not supported that procedural fairness mediated relationship between performance measurement system and managerial performance. These results may have important theoretical and practical implications.

    19. Kesesuaian Hasil Pengukuran Sudut Bilik Mata Depan antara Pentacam dan Ultrasound Biomicroscopy

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      Maulina Zulkarnain

      2014-03-01

      Full Text Available The assessment of anterior segment, especially the examination of anterior chamber angle, plays an important role in diagnosing and managing glaucoma. Pentacam and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM were able to measure the anterior chamber angle quantitatively and objectively; however, UBM examination is invasive, where as Pentacam is without contact with eye globe surface. The aim of this study was to seek the conformation between Pentacam and UBM in measuring the anterior chamber angle. The study was analytic descriptive study with the agreement of both measurements in 42 eyes of 31 patients with glaucoma and non-glaucoma Cicendo Eye Hospital Bandung, in period of November to December 2010. The examination used both instruments in nasal and temporal area of anterior chamber angle with equal illumination. The agreement test using Bland and Altman and hypothesis using paired t-test. Statistically, there were no significant differences in anterior chamber open angle of nasal and temporal area between using Pentacam (37.51; 40.49; p=0.55 and UBM (38.87; 40.76; p=0.22, while the limit of agreement indicated wide range in nasal area (11.94 to -18.14 and in temporal area (11.51 to -15.31 in 95% confidence interval. In closed angle of anterior chamber, there was a significant difference at nasal and temporal area between using Pentacam (27.33; 35.65; p<0.001 and using UBM (31.47; 37.34; p<0.001, while the limit of agreement showed (4.01 to -16.65 for nasal area (2.98 to -14.73 for temporal area in 95% confidence interval. In conclusion, the measurement of the anterior chamber in open-angle group using Pentacam indicated poor agreement with using UBM; and there is no agreement in closed angle group.

    20. Pengukuran Kinerja Supply Chain Dengan Pendekatan Supply Chain Operation References (SCOR)

      OpenAIRE

      Rizki Wahyuniardi; Moh. Syarwani; Ryan Anggani

      2017-01-01

      PT. Brodo Ganesha Indonesia is a national company engaged in manufacturing with the production of leather shoes. The company has many stakeholders and it is difficult to manage its supply chain, thereby affecting the effectiveness and efficiency of the company's supply chains. The research was conducted to measure the performance of supply chain by using Supply Chain Operation References (SCOR) approach. The initial hierarchy model of performance measurement is tailored to the company's condi...

    1. PERANCANGAN MODEL PENGUKURAN KINERJA LEAN DAN GREEN RANTAI PASOK SEMEN SECARA TERINTEGRASI

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      Dina Rahmayanti

      2017-06-01

      Full Text Available PT. Semen Padang is one of the reputable cement companies in Indonesia which is producing types of cement. Implementation of supply chain concept in PT. Semen Padang is very important to satisfy customers and stakeholders requirement. Performance measurement is a process to evaluate the supply chain effectiveness and efficiency in lean and green aspect. The problem is how to design performance measurement model which is integrating lean and green supply chain concepts. The objective of research is integrating lean and green supply chain concepts to design supply chain performance measurement of bag cement type. Integration of lean and green concept is designed by Balanced Scorecard (BSC perspectives that consist of financial, customer, internal process business and learning and growth. Key performance indicators (KPI are formulated and classified based on BSC perspectives. Next stage is pair wise comparison process to the weight value. Evaluation of KPI pair wise comparison based is conducted on expert opinion which is selected by consideration of their relevance knowledge and experience. The process of pair wise comparison is calculated to determine priority of the KPIs based on weight value by using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP method. The weight of KPI will be arrange by descending to determine the priority. Model of performance measurement is validated by face validity method. Research result is obtaining 25 KPIs that derived from integration of lean and green supply chain concept of bag cement type. Grouping is consisting of 3 KPIs of financial, 4 KPIs of customer, 11 KPI s of internal process business and 7 KPI s of learning & growth. Result is showing that customer is most prioritized element in supply chain of bag cement type. Implementation of proposing model is coordination of departments and employee in context of information accessibility.     Keywords: Supply chain, lean, green, BSC, performance measurement

    2. PERANCANGAAN TOOLS PENGUKURAN KINERJA PERUSAHAAN DAN KARYAWAN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN OBJECTIVE MATRIX

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      Winda Amilia

      2016-11-01

      Full Text Available Performance measurement is a management tool to improve the decisionmaking quality for organizational performance improvement. Performance managementis about how to manage activities within an organization to achieve its goals. Theperformance measurement design requires performance indicators formed from thedimensions of satisfaction and employee contributions to the company. By using thedimensions of employee satisfaction structured business goals to be achieved throughthe fulfillment of employee satisfaction firm. Business objectives is the basis for buildKey Performance Indicators in this measurement design. Based on the results of theKPIs identification, there are 12 KPIs to measure corporate performance to theemployee. The results shown on OMAX that 4 KPIs on the highest target, and 8 KPIs are stillunder target. Measurement results compiled in Objective Matrix (OMAX to determinethe level / achievement level performance indicators set targets.

    3. Pengukuran Kinerja Perusahaan Melalui Economic Value Added (Eva) Dan (Mva) Market Value

      OpenAIRE

      Andhaniwati, Erry

      2011-01-01

      Performance corporating to constitute one of prescriptive factor gets on descent of stock price because firm performance constitute to refuse fathom for investor deeping to determine stock bid price. Economic Value Added, and Market Value Added are umpteen corporate performance grader that can be utilized by investor in assesses how well firm performance. Therefore to the effect this research is subject to be analyse influence among Economic Value Added , and Market Value Added to stock pr...

    4. PENGUKURAN LEBAR LAUT TERITORIAL MENGGUNAKAN GARIS PANGKAL MENURUT UNCLOS 1982 DAN PENERAPANNYA DALAM HUKUM INDONESIA

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      Eva Johan

      2009-01-01

      Full Text Available Arrangement of concerning wide determination the territorial of sea is conducted by withdrawal the jetty lines that done by harmonizing the regulation of the stipulating the useful of the archipelago jetty lines that matching with region of NKRI by positive law instrument of Indonesia. But which require to be reemphasized is Indonesia obligation to make a map of the regional border line of Indonesia, because till in the end Indonesia still use the illustrative map that made in the 1960 year. The government of Indonesia have to immediately make the map of the region of Indonesia by using dot co-ordinate of the jetty lines of Indonesia archipelago which have been specified according to PP No.37 year 2008 to take care the sovereignty of Indonesia.

    5. Pengukuran Tingkat Kepuasan Masyarakat Terhadap Pelayanan Pemerintahan Kecamatan Katapang Kabupaten Bandung

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      Andri Irawan

      2017-12-01

      Full Text Available Abstract. The district government in today's globalization era must have effective competence and management. Service is one of choice of marketing strategy to create consumer satisfaction. Katapang is one of the bonded industrial areas in South Bandung. The number of residents in Kecamatan Katapang is 117,113 people consisting of the male population as many as 60,430 people and female population as much 56,683 people (BPS of Bandung Regency, 2013. The research approach used is quantitative with data collection technique is done by interviewing and distributing questionnaires. Discussion of data using a Cartesian diagram. The results of the discussion show that the overall importance level of 3.795 while the overall performance given of 2.73, means that service performance is still below the standard of basic services and not basic services to the population. Keywords: Service; Satisfaction   Abstrak. Pemerintah Kecamatan dalam era globalisasi saat ini harus memiliki kompetensi dan manajemen yang efektif. Pelayanan merupakan salah satu pilihan dari strategi pemasaran untuk menciptakan kepuasan konsumen. Katapang merupakan salah satu kawasan berikat industri di Bandung Selatan. Jumlah penduduk di Kecamatan Katapang adalah 117.113 orang yang terdiri dari penduduk laki-laki sebanyak 60.430 orang dan penduduk perempuan sebanyak 56.683 orang (BPS Kab. Bandung, 2013 Pendekatan penelitian yang digunakan adalah kuantitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara dan penyebaran kuesioner. Pembahasan data menggunakan Diagram Kartesius. Hasil pembahasan menunjukan bahwa tingkat kepentingan secara keseluruhan sebesar 3,795 sedangkan kinerja secara keseluruhan yang diberikan sebesar 2,73, artinya bahwa kinerja layanan masih dibawah standar pelayanan dasar dan bukan pelayanan dasar kepada penduduk.   Katakunci: Pelayanan; Kepuasan

    6. Rancang Bangun Pengaturan Suhu dan Pengukuran Berat Badan pada Inkubator Bayi Berbasis MikrokontrolerATMega8535

      OpenAIRE

      Putri, Fatya Amy

      2017-01-01

      150821037 Incubator is an instrument for keeping warm of premature baby after born so that can adapt to around. The main feature of incubator is room temperature controlling for keep warming baby so it will not be hypothermia. The temperature controlling is not enough for caring premature baby, there are another procedure like monitoring baby’s weight regularly. The system aims to acquire design of temperature control of incubator with range 32oC – 37oC and design of weig...

    7. PENGUKURAN NILAI TUKAR NELAYAN DI KABUPATEN TANAH LAUT PROVINSI KALIMANTAN SELATAN

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      Edi Budiono

      2016-06-01

      Full Text Available Penelitian  bertujuan untuk mengukur nilai tukar nelayan dan tingkat ekonomi kesejahteraan nelayan di Kabupaten Tanah Laut Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan.  Metode yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif.  Data yang didapat dengan metode survei,  sedangkan data sekunder  dari instansi pemerintah terkait.  Nilai tukar nelayan yang diukur selama bulan nopember 2012 – pebruari 2013.  Penelitian menggunakan formula Indeks Laspeyres yang dikembangkan dan pengujian dengan teori ekonomi kesejahteraan. Perhitungan nilai tukar nelayan dalam  penelitian didapatkan enam  formula, yaitu (1 NTN-pemilik  (2 NTN-perseorangan  (3 NTN-juragan (4 NTN-ABK terampil (5 NTN- ABK biasa  dan (6 NTN-tradisional.  Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan NTN Kabupaten Tanah Laut berada diatas seratus dan INTN berada diatas satu.  Sedangkan tingkat ekonomi kesejahteraan nelayan mengalami kenaikan. Purpose of the research was to measure trade turn and economic welfare of  fisherman living  in the Sea Land Regency  South Borneo Province.  The research use descriptive method in valving that primary data were obtained by survey and secondary data oven collected from relevant government agencies.  Exchange rate index of thratmen was measured during 4 months (November 2012 – February 2013.  Index formulation was developed Laspeyres the economic welfare of the fisherman. Analysis of fisherman trade term found 6 formulation, in cloding (1 NTN-owner (2 NTN-individual (3-NTN squire (4 NTN-skilled crew (5 NTN-ordinary crew and (6 NTN-traditional. Research results showed that NTN for Tanah Laut district was above 100  and INTN was above 1.  Eventhough economic welfare of fisherman was increase.

    8. Analisis Pengukuran Kinerja Menggunakan Metode Balanced Scorecard pada PT.Bahtera Utama

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Erwin Erwin

      2015-05-01

      Full Text Available This research was conducted in PT.Bahtera Utama by measuring performance using the Balanced Scorecard as measured through four perspectives, that is financial perspective, the customer perspective, internal business process perspective, and learning and growth perspective. The purpose of this study was to measure the performance with balanced scorecard, analyze and recommend the results to the company. The research method used is a case study and survei methods with descriptive research. The results of this study indicate that the performance of the financial perspective quite good includes the profits, revenue, productivity, and the short term liabilities have not been able to be achieved as expectations. For Customer perspective, the performance of the companies is very good where customer satisfaction and loyalty must be maintained, for the continuation of the order. For Internal Business Process perspective, the company's performance in terms of both innovation and quality of products are very good, but in the time of processing product distribution is average and company has been able to fix it with the strategic objectives effectively and efficiently. For learning and growth perspective, the performance is good at all points but in the employee productivity and commitment, the targets have not been able to be achieved and the application of the information technology is very good. Overall assessment of performance on the PT.Bahtera Utama is good with the score of 4.29.

    9. Analisis Pembentukan Portofolio Optimal Saham Dengan Pendekatan Optimisasi Multiobjektif Untuk Pengukuran Value at Risk

      OpenAIRE

      Farkhati, Fiki; Hoyyi, Abdul; Wilandari, Yuciana

      2014-01-01

      Mean Variance Efficient Portfolio (MVEP) is theory of portfolio which purposed to standard investor because approach has only one objective that minimize portfolio risk. Portfolio with multi-objective optimization that simultaneously maximize portfolio return and minimize portfolio risk with various weighting coefficient k represents risk aversion index. The purpose of this research is analyze proportion each stock in order that is formed optimal portfolio approach multi-objective optimizati...

    10. MODEL PENGUKURAN KINERJA INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL DENGAN IB-VAIC DI PERBANKAN SYARIAH

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      Ihyaul Ulum

      2013-06-01

      Full Text Available The aim of this study is to develop a measurement of intellectual capital performance of Indonesian syariah banking by modifying the Pulic’s model that popular with the name of VAIC (value added intellectual coefficient. This study was done by documentation and focus group discussion with some financial accounting experts and public accountants. The result show that the main formula to measure IC performance of syariah banking is not too different with Pulic model, it was: iB-VAIC™ = iB-VACA + IB-VAHU + iB-STVA. The different one is the accounts to develop VA. VA in Pulic model was constructed by total revenue, while in iB-VAIC, VA was constructed from syariah activities.

    11. PERBANDINGAN ESTIMASI KESALAHAN PENGUKURAN STANDARD SETTING DALAM PENILAIAN KOMPETENSI AKUNTANSI SMK

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      Sebastianus Widanarto Prijowuntato

      2015-10-01

        ESTIMATION OF STANDARD SETTING ERROR MEASUREMENT IN ACCOUNTING COMPETENCY ASSESSMENT IN VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS Abstract This research aims to estimate the measurement error in the Angof, Ebel, and Bookmark methods in Accounting Competency Assessment in Vocational Schools in DIY used by standard setters in deciding a cut score. This research is quantitative research. Data source in this study was the cut score of seven vocational schools in Yogyakarta that were randomly established. The reseach data were students’ answers to the National Examination in Accounting Subject of Package 2 in the academic year of 2011/2012 with 338 students. The teachers who engaged in the Focus Group Discussion (FGD were nine teachers, consisting of seven women and two men. The technical analysis was divided into three stages. 1 preparation, 2 FGD, 3 estimated error measurement by using the Bootstrap method. The results show that the cut score for the Angoff method is 67.809, Ebel method is 59.034, and Bookmark method is 57.022. The Angoff method has the least estimation of the measurement errors (2.102 as compared with the Ebel method (4.004 and the Bookmark method (4.042. Therefore, the Angoff method is the right method for estimating error measurement on standard setting. Keywords: Estimation of error measurement, Bootstrap, Cut Score

    12. Reaksi Pasar atas Pengukuran Kinerja Akuntansi Perusahaan Prospector dan Defender : Analisis Dengan Pendekatan Life Cycle Theory

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      Tri Jatmiko Wahyu P.

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available The study is an empirical study that intends to examine the difference accounting performance measures between prospector and defender strategies. The study also has objective to examine market reaction for both organizational strategies. Variables that implicated by organizational strategy are income growth, sales growth, dividend pay out, and return on investment. Life cycle theory approach is used to analyze the difference accounting performance measures. Four variables are used to explain strategies between prospector and defender firms are price to book value (PBV ratio, sales to employee ratio, capital expenditure to market equity value ratio, and capital expenditure to total assets ratio. The sample are 30 to prospector firms, and 30 to defender firms derived from 60 manufacturing public firms at Jakarta Stock Exchange, tested by Principal Component Analysis. The result show that income and sales growth of prospector firms are greater than defender firms (significant at 0,01 level. Dividend pay out and return on investment of prospector firms are smaller than defender firms (significant at 0,01 level. While, the market reaction of prospector firms are greater than defender firms, the difference significantly at 0,01 level. Multivariate analysis is used to determine the difference level between prospector and defender firms and it relationship with stock price. The result show that there are significantly difference between income growth, sales growth, dividend pay out, and return on investment to abnormal return.

    13. Pengukuran End-User Computing Satisfaction Atas Penggunaan Sistem Informasi Akademik

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      Boy Suzanto

      2015-04-01

      Full Text Available Academic information system is very dependent on the components in generating information systems that fit their needs. The gap that occurs in the use of academic information system on the behavior of users of information systems will result in optimal intention to use by the user. Hence the need for in-depth measurement of academic information system that has been running against the attitude of academic information system users to improve the behavior of users of information systems is the goal of this study. Exploratory research methods using the number of respondents as many as 124 students. Data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM, component based Partial Least Squares (PLS. The results showed that the influence of academic information system on the attitudes of users by 0.57 or 57% and influence the attitude of academic information system users to conduct on the intention to use of academic information systems at 0.50 or 50%.

    14. Konstruksi dan Identifikasi Properti Psikometris Instrumen Pengukuran Kebahagiaan Berbasis Pendekatan Indigenous Psychology: Studi Multitrait‐Multimethod

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      Wahyu Jati Anggoro

      2015-11-01

      Full Text Available The aim of this study was to develop a scale of happiness based on indigenous psychology approach and identify it’s psychometric properties. The research was divided into three step of scenario: 1. happiness construct exploration based on indigenous psychology approach; 2. Develop the construct into a scale of happiness (Likert model; and 3. Identify it’s psychometric properties (reliability and validity. The psychometric properties analyses consist of internal consistency reliability (alpha‐Cronbach and construct validity (convergent‐discriminant. Multitrait‐multimethod matrix was used on the analysis in order to identify the convergent‐discriminant validity (including three comparative scales: Self‐Esteem Scale Rosenberg, Self‐Esteem Inventory Coopersmith, and PGC Morale Scale. The exploration result shows a unique indicators of happiness in the East native culture (N=604. The psychometric properties analysis show the alpha reliability α=0.895 and the validity was psychometrically accepted (N=111. The conclusion of this study: happiness is a unique construct that consist of strong contextual aspects and the measurement of a native happiness should used a scale of happiness that based on indigenous psychology approach. Further result will be discussed.

    15. Pengukuran Overall Equipment Effectiveness (Oee) Dengan Labview 8.5 Sebagai Pengendali Maintenance

      OpenAIRE

      Syarief, Syafrizal

      2015-01-01

      Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) is a philosophy that aims to maximize the effectiveness of the facilities used in industry, it is applied to analyze problems that occur on any equipment and machinery with a method of calculation of Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) of product quality. Value is determined by OEE Availability, Performance and Yield / Quality. LabVIEW (Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench) software is dedicated to the activities of the interface and control...

    16. PEMANFAATAN BUBUK DAUN SIRIH (Piper betle L. UNTUK MENINGKATKAN STATUS KESEHATAN IKAN NILA GIFT (Oreochromis niloticus

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      Hamsah Hamsah

      2016-11-01

      Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui efektivitas bubuk daun sirih yang dicampur dalam pakan (pelet untuk meningkatkan status kesehatan ikan nila Gift dengan mengukur nilai hematokrit dan jumlah leukosit. Pengukuran nilai hematokrit dan jumlah leukosit darah ikan nila Gift dilakukan setelah ikan uji diberi pakan yang telah dicampur bubuk daun sirih (0,2 g/100 g pakan; 0,3 g/100 g pakan; 0,4 g/100 g pakan selama 4 minggu masa pemeliharaan. Sedang ikan kontrol selama masa pemeliharaan diberi pakan pelet yang tidak dicampur bubuk daun sirih. Nilai hematokrit dan jumlah leukosit ikan nila Gift diukur setiap minggu dengan cara mengambil darah pada bagian vena caudal (ekor ikan uji. Pengambilan darah dilakukan dengan menggunakan jarum suntik steril yang berukuran 26G, yang terlebih dahulu dibasahi Na-Sitrat 3,8% sebagai antikoagulan. Selanjutnya, darah yang telah diambil ditampung dalam tabung eppendorf yang juga telah dibasahi Na-Sitrat, kemudian dipreparasi lalu diukur nilai hematokrit dan jumlah leukositnya. Hasil pengukuran menunjukkan bahwa nilai hematokrit ikan nila Gift yang diberi pakan yang dicampur bubuk daun sirih mengalami peningkatan berkisar dari 17% (minggu I menjadi 28,66% (minggu IV, jumlah leukositnya meningkat dari 28,243 sel/mm3 (minggu I menjadi 32,813 sel/mm3 (minggu IV. Dari hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penambahan bubuk daun sirih dalam pakan mampu meningkatkan status kesehatan ikan nila Gift

    17. Fontes orgânicas e inorgânicas de selênio na nutrição de vacas leiteiras: digestão, absorção, metabolismo e exigências Organic and inorganic sources of selenium in the nutrition of dairy cows: digestion, absorption, metabolism and requirements

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Martin Gierus

      2007-08-01

      Full Text Available A suplementação de bovinos leiteiros com selênio é feita tanto em sua forma orgânica como inorgânica. Nas plantas, o Se é incorporado aleatoriamente na sua forma orgânica e encontra-se como análogo de aminoácidos sulfurados, ou seja, selenometionina e selenocisteína. As formas inorgânicas, por sua vez, correspondem aos sais selenato (SeO4-2 e selenito (SeO3-2. Contudo, enquanto a forma orgânica é metabolizada inicialmente como o aminoácido sulfurado análogo, as formas inorgânicas são metabolizadas diretamente via seleneto (HSe- para serem incorporadas em selenoproteínas funcionais, como a glutationa peroxidase. Assim, a selenometionina é metabolizada como a metionina, sendo incorporada ao acaso em proteínas do organismo. Somente após o turnover protéico, a selenometionina é então liberada, podendo servir como fonte de Se. Além disso, em animais de alta produção, a incorporação de selenometionina a proteínas do leite pode torná-la indisponível às selenoproteínas funcionais. Em função disso, análises da concentração de Se no solo, nos alimentos dos animais e no leite, são somente complementares à análise da atividade da glutationa peroxidase, pois não indicam o grau com que o Se vai ser metabolizado pelo animal. O Se no leite, por sua vez, reflete a concentração de fontes orgânicas de Se no sangue. Em torno de 70% do Se no leite está incorporado à caseína. A suplementação de Se para bovinos leiteiros é necessária em qualquer fase de crescimento ou estado fisiológico dos animais, mas o metabolismo das diferentes fontes de Se precisa ser considerado. Enquanto que, em deficiências agudas, fontes inorgânicas parecem ser mais apropriadas, as fontes orgânicas podem ser eficientes em casos de deficiência crônica ou em períodos de suplementação ineficiente de Se.Selenium is supplemented for dairy cattle using organic or inorganic selenium sources. In plants, Se is randomly incorporated also in

    18. Polymerization of Ethylene in Aqueous Silver-Salt Solution by Cobalt-60 Gamma Radiation; Polymerisation de l'ethylene dans une solution aqueuse de sel d'argent par des rayons gamma du cobalt-60; Polimerizatsiya ehtilena v vodnom rastvore serebryanoj soli pod dejstviem gamma-izlucheniya kobal'ta-60; Polimerizacion del etileno en solucion acuosa de sales de plata por los rayos gamma del cobalto-60.

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Rosinger, S.; Mullner, S. [Farbwerke Hoechst AG, Hoechst (Germany)

      1963-11-15

      Ethylene, ethylene-propylene mixtures and propylene polymerize on irradiation in an aqueous silver-salt solution under moderate pressures. While oils or waxes are formed from propylene, ethylene yields solid polymers of high molecular weight. The yields obtained exceeded 25 g of polyethylene per litre per hour. With a dose rate of 7.1 x l0{sup 3} rad/hr this corresponds to a G-value (number of molecules reacted per 100 eV of energy absorbed) of 0.6 x 10{sup 5} in terms of the overall system and above 0.5 x 10{sup 6} in terms of dissolved ethylene. The polymer formation goes up with increasing ethylene pressure and increasing silver salt concentration. The silver salt solution can be re-used without a decrease in yield. The reaction is inhibited by traces of oxygen. The polymer yield is proportional to the absorbed dose if the dose rate is kept constant. The variation of yield with dose rate (J) equals J{sup 0,5-0.6}. The optimum temperature range is between 20 and 30{sup o}C. Below 0{sup o}C there is almost no reaction. The stirring velocity does not influence the yield. The specific gravity of the products is about 0.94g/cm{sup 3}; melting points between 126 and 131{sup o}C were observed. Infra-red absorption studies gave no evidence for C=C double bonds, C-O-H or C=0 groupings; a small number of C-O-C bonds were detected. There is a methyl-group content of 0.3%. The polymers are probably long branched chains and have viscosities between 5 and 10. (author) [French] L'ethylene, les melanges d'ethylene et de propylene et le propylene se polymerisent sous rayonnement dans une solution aqueuse de sel d'argent a des pressions moderees. Le propylene donne naissance a des produits a consistance d'huiles ou de cires alors que l'ethylene produit des polymeres solides de poids moleculaire eleve. Les rendements obtenus depassaient 25g de polyethylene par litre et par heure. Pour un debit de dose de 7,1 x 10{sup 3} rad/h, ceci correspond a une valeur de G (nombre de molecules

    19. Feeding different levels of vitamin E and selenium has no effect on serum immunoglobulin Y (IgY production by layers vaccinated against Escherichia coli and avian encephalomyelitis virus Alimentação com diferentes níveis de vitamina E e selênio não influencia a produção de imunoglobulina Y (IgY no soro de poedeiras leves vacinadas contra Escherichia coli e encefalomielite aviária

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      Giselle Kindlein

      2007-10-01

      Full Text Available The effects of vitamin E and selenium (Se supplementation on the immunity of hens vaccinated against a mixture of six swine-pathogenic Escherichia coli (EC and avian encephalomyelitis virus (AEV were studied. Antibody production (AbP was evaluated in ninety 49 to 57-week-old H&N Nick Chick hens fed diets containing 14IU Vitamin E kg-1 (basal diet, 27, 59, 111, or 111IU vitamin E kg-1 + 0.56ppm Se supplementation. At 51 wks of age, half of the hens were vaccinated against EC, and all birds were vaccinated against AEV. At 53-weeks of age, the birds received a second dose of EC vaccine. Blood samples were collected weekly and serum was analyzed by ELISA for anti-EC IgY and was expressed as optical density (OD. Vaccinated hens had higher serum OD than the non-vaccinated hens (P£0.05. Vaccinated hens fed 27 and 59IU of vitamin E/kg had a higher (POs efeitos da suplementação de vitamina E e Selênio (Se na imunidade de galinhas vacinadas contra uma mistura de 6 sorotipos patogênicos de Escherichia coli (EC e o vírus da encefalomielite aviária (VEA foram estudados. A produção de anticorpos foi avaliada em galinhas H&N Nick Chick durante a 49a e 57a semanas de vida. As aves foram alimentadas com dietas contendo 14UI de Vitamina E kg-1 (dieta basal, 27, 59, 111 e 111UI de Vitamina E kg-1 + 0,56ppm Se suplementar. Às 51 semanas de idade, metade das galinhas foi vacinada contra EC, e todas as aves foram vacinadas contra VEA. Às 53 semanas, as aves receberam a segunda vacina contra EC. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas semanalmente e o soro foi analisado por ELISA para anti-EC IgY e expresso como densidade óptica (DO. Galinhas vacinadas tiveram maior DO do que as não-vacinadas (P<0,05. Aves vacinadas que receberam 27 e 59 UI de vitamina E/kg tiveram maior DO do soro (P<0,05 do que as alimentadas com 111 UI + Se. Os antígenos utilizados mostraram não ser modelos satisfatórios para estudar a influência de micronutrientes na resposta imune de

    20. "El sector de la economía laboral en Costa Rica (S.E.L." (The labour economy sector in Costa Rica (S.E.L.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Francisco Morales Hernández

      2012-01-01

      Full Text Available : The author analyses the evolution of cooperatives in Costa Rica during the last 60 years. Their evolution, impact on the country’s economy, how their democratic way of operating is mirrored in Costa Rican society, etc. are subjects examined in this article.

    1. Karakteristik Pasta TiO2 Suhu Rendah untuk Aplikasi Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC

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      Mariya Al Qibtiya

      2016-06-01

      Full Text Available Pada tulisan ini, diuraikan karakteristik pasta TiO2 suhu rendah untuk aplikasi sel surya berbasis dye-sensitized yang dipreparasi dengan penambahan serbuk TiO2 reflektor. Penambahan TiO2 reflektor sebagai light scattering layer pada pasta dilakukan untuk melihat pengaruhnya terhadap karakteristik listrik sel surya yang dihasilkan. Preparasi pasta dilakukan menggunakan bahan komersial yaitu pasta T-Nanooxide D-L (Solaronix dan serbuk pasta WER2-O (Dyesiol sebagai bahan reflector. Bahan tersebut dianalisis struktur kristalnya. Hasil karakterisasi X-Ray Diffraction (XRD menunjukan bahwa bahan TiO2 serbuk yang digunakan adalah nanokristal dengan struktur kristal anatase. Pasta ini dideposisi di atas permukaan plastik dan kaca konduktif (ITO-PET dan FTO dengan metode doctor blade printing. Proses sintering lapisan TiO2 dilakukan pada suhu rendah yaitu 120 ˚C selama 4 jam. Morfologi permukaan lapisan TiO2 dianalisa menggunakan Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM. Lapisan TiO2 yang terbentuk diaplikasikan pada DSSC sebagai fotoelektroda. Pewarnaan dengan larutan N-719 (Ruthenium Complex, lapisan elektroda kerja platina dan larutan elektrolit iodine. Karakteristik kurva I-V dengan ukuran sel daerah aktif 1 cm2 diukur menggunakan Sun Simulator AM1,5 dengan sumber cahaya Xenon dan intensitas 50 mW/cm2. Hasil pengukuran menunjukkan penambahan serbuk TiO2 reflektor dapat meningkatkan unjuk kerja sel surya fleksibel yang dihasilkan. Efisiensi terbaik DSSC yang dihasilkan adalah 0,166% untuk substrat plastik dan 0,167% untuk substrat kaca.

    2. Tinjauan Penerapan Analisa Jabatan dan Komunikasi Organisasi sebagai Pengukuran Motivasi dan Dampaknya pada Kinerja Karyawan Berdasarkan Pendekatan SPSS VS LISREL

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Antonius Nico Kristanto

      2012-05-01

      Full Text Available PT Indo Nuansa Jaya is a chemical materials manufacturing company for oil drilling and drilling tools in Indonesia. The selling level of chemical materials for drilling in 2008 has reached to 348 units, in 2009 to 549 units, and in 2010 decreased to 447 units. The research method used is survey method; meanwhile the research type is associative. Data is gathered from questionnaire to employees. Data processing is using SPSS 16.0 and then compared to the result from data processing using LISREL 8.80. The research resulted that the analysis of duties has relation in 0,628 and has significant influence in (0.5162 = 26.63% towards motivation. From the result, it could be founded that motivation could influence employees performance in (0.4122 or 16,97%.

    3. PENGUKURAN KINERJA MARKETING MIX DAN PERUMUSAN SRATEGI PEMASARAN UKM BATIK PAMEKASAN (Studi Kasus: UKM Batik Kec. Proppo Kab. Pamekasan)

      OpenAIRE

      Winarso, Kukuh; Al-Farisyi, Imam

      2015-01-01

      This research is to find out the marketing on marketing mix and formulating marketing strategies for developmentof the UKMBatik Pamekasan to be able to compete with other products.The analysis used in this research areimportance performance analysis used to measure the marketing mixed on consumer perceptions, PGCV indexused to determine the priority scale of marketing mixed and SWOT analysis used to formulating marketingstrategies UKMBatik Pamekasan.This research result indicates that the var...

    4. Penerapan Metode Balanced ScoreCard Sebagai Suatu Sistem Pengukuran Kinerja pada PT Dritama Brokerindo, Jakarta Timur

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Haryadi Sarjono

      2010-05-01

      Full Text Available This research was done in insurance company of PT Dritama Brokerindo, East Jakarta, by using Balanced Scorecard method, with four perpectives which measured, which are the finance perpective (financial statement, customer perpective (quizioner, perpective process internal business (quizioner and in growth, and study perpective (quizioner. With total employees 18 employees people, serving company customer about almost 1500.Research method which used is descriptive method with research type is case study. data analyse Technique which used is using primary data processing, like : field study, interview, quizioner and also secondary data with data collecting from company which is in the form of financial statement year 2005 - 2008. Research result that, performance PT Dritama Brokerindo which during the time measured traditionally, the management not get clear information, and measured about non finansial aspect of company. Triedly apply system of performance measurement with Balanced Scorecard, got the comprehensive and more complete result about condition of company which in fact. Pursuant to result of research from entirety aspect, obtained a total score 110, or value three which shown Good Enough criterion. 

    5. Pengukuran Beban Mental di Kalangan Mahasiswa Menggunakan Metode Nasa-tlx (Studi Kasus: Mahasiswa Departemen Teknik Industri Undip)

      OpenAIRE

      Nofri, Try; Prastawa, Heru; Susanto, Novie

      2017-01-01

      Student Mental Workload Measurement with NASA-TLX Method (Case Study: Industrial Engineering Department Student of Diponegoro University). High competition in the era of globalization requires repair and improvement over all of the academic community in Indonesia, not least the students. This makes the students compete in their studies and potentially cause mental studyload which could have implications for many things. This study aims to determine the level of mental studyload among the stud...

    6. Pengukuran Kinerja Pengadaan Barang/Jasa dengan Menggunakan Indonesia Procurement Maturity Model di Unit Layanan Pengadaan Universitas Diponegoro

      OpenAIRE

      Ilahiyyah, Eka Nurul; Pujotomo, Darminto; Sriyanto, Sriyanto

      2016-01-01

      The title of this research is measuring the procurement performance using Indonesia Procurement Maturity Model at Unit Layanan Pengadaan (ULP) Universitas Diponegoro (Undip). Diponegoro University is the one of institutions under the Ministry of research technology and education that has the activities named procurement to fulfill the needs of existing facilities and infrastructure in campus environment. Procurement of goods / services should be effective and efficient for the education servi...

    7. Perbandingan Besaran Sferikal Ekuivalen Berdasarkan Metode Pengukuran Visus Subjektif dan Objektif Penderita Ametropia pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sam Ratulangi

      OpenAIRE

      Palangi, Rezky; Lintong, Fransisca; Moningka Moningka, Maya

      2014-01-01

      : Ametropia or refractive error of the eye is the case almost every time we encounter in our environment and increasing steadily each year. One of the factors why refractive error often are not fully corrected due to the difference in the value of spherical and cylindrical or spherical equivalent between the examination of subjective and objective visual acuity. This study aims to determine the difference of the results of subjective and objective visual acuity at patiens ametropia. Analytica...

    8. Pengaruh Physical Environment Terhadap Customer Satisfaction Yang Membentuk Behavioral Intention Di Domi Deli Restaurant Surabaya: Aplikasi Skala Pengukuran Dinescape

      OpenAIRE

      Wilianto, Venny; Santoso, Nina; Siaputra, Hanjaya

      2017-01-01

      : The study was conducted to determine the effect of Physical Environment on Customer Satisfaction which Makes Behavioral Intention from customer in Domi Deli Restaurant Surabaya. Factors of physical environment are facility aestethics, ambience, lighting, layout, table settings, and service staff. The writers used Structural Equation Model (SEM) with SmartPLS version 3 to test the effect of independent variables on the dependent variables. The sampling technique was purposive sampling with 1...

    9. ANALISIS PENGAKUAN DAN PENGUKURAN PENDAPATAN BERDASARKAN PSAK NOMOR 23 PADA KOPERASI PEGAWAI REPUBLIK INDONESIA (KPRI SETIA KAWAN

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      RIA WAHYUNI ASRI

      2017-06-01

      Research was conducted on KPRI Setia Kawan which is a financial institution with a function as a cog in the SME segment. Based on the research that has been done, the recognition and measurement of income in accordance with IAS 23 that interest income on loans are recognized when cash is received (cash basis. As for the measurement of income measured at fair value received or to be received.

    10. Perancangan Model Pengukuran Kinerja Rantai Pasok Berbasis Lean dan Green menggunakan Balance Scorecard di PT. P&P Lembah Karet

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Alizar Hasan

      2016-04-01

      Full Text Available Rapid technological developments helped bring an increase in the level of business competition. Competitive business strategies required to address the challenges of business competition. PT P&P Lembah Karet is a company engaged in the plantation and crumb rubber processing industry. Marketing area is scattered inside and outside the country led to the supply chain performance become one of the important issues in the company. The use of Lean and Green concept in the supply chain system can become a competitive advantage for PT. P&P Lembah Karet to create a more effective and efficient supply chain strategy in terms of expenditure and environmental impact. Performance measurement is required to determine the effectiveness and efficiency of these two concepts implementation in the supply chain companies. Performance measurement system was developed based on four perspectives of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC: financial, customer, internal business processes, learning and growth. Key Performance Indicator (KPI which is used as a measurement basis is formulated through the concept of lean and green. The weight value of each KPI is determined using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP with relevant experts as respondents. Respondents selected based on the experience and knowledge, especially experience and knowledge that relevant with the topic of this research. The weight value determined the order of KPI priority. Face validity is used to validate the performance measurement model. Data processing and analysis yielded 25 lean and green-based KPIs that are relevant to crumb rubber supply chain at PT. P&P Lembah Karet with 3 KPI for financial perspective, 4 KPI for customer perspective, 11 KPI for internal business process perspective and 7 KPI for learning and growth perspective. The structure of designed models showed that customer perspective is the most priority aspects.

    11. Validitas Utrecht-Management Of Identity Commitments Scale (U-MICS) Versi Indonesia: Struktur Faktor, Invariansi Pengukuran Gender, dan Usia

      OpenAIRE

      Muttaqin, Darmawan

      2017-01-01

      The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of Indonesian version of the U-MICS, a measure three identity dimensions. Participants were 910 adolescents (12-21 years old). The Confirmatory Factor Analyses and Multi-Group Analyses were used to examine the factor structure, gender, and age measurement invariance of Indonesian version of the U-MICS. We further tested the gender and age differences using Multivariate Analysis of Variance. The results indicated that the fac...

    12. PENGUKURAN KINERJA KEUANGAN DENGAN METODE EAGLES (Studi Kasus Pada Bank BUMN Yang Listing Di BEI Tahun 2011 - 2013

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      Arif Hartono

      2016-03-01

      Full Text Available Kinerja keuangan bank biasanya diukur dengan indikator kecukupan modal, likuiditas dan profitabilitas bank. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis EAGLES, untuk mengukur dan membandingkan kinerja bank secara lebih tepat, obyektif dan konsisten. Populasi yang digunakan adalah semua bank BUMN yang listing di BEI tahun 2011-2013. Hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa kinerja keuangan bank BUMN ditinjau dari rasio ROA (Return On Asset, Asset Quality, DGR (Deposite Growth Rate, CCR (Core Capital Ratio, SRQ by Out Interest, menunjukan nilai normal. Sedangkan bank BUMN ditinjau dari aspek, ROE (Return On Equity , LGR (loan growth rate, liquidity, CAR (capital adequacy ratio SRQ by Personalia, menunjukan kinerja keuangan yang kurang baik.

    13. Analisis Keterampilan Proses Sains Peserta Didik Melalui Bahan Ajar Multimedia Interaktif Alat Ukur dan Pengukuran dengan Pendekatan Behavioristik

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ino Angga Putra

      2017-10-01

      Full Text Available Abstract The development of science and technology today is spreading rapidly in the field of education, especially in the development of learning media. The application of learning media using behavioristic approach that tends to optimize the stimulus and learners' response in process (science process skill. The purpose of this research is a to describe the application of interactive multimedia teaching materials to the students 'science process skills and b to know the impact of interactive multimedia materials on the students' learning process skill. The type of this research is Pre-Experimental Research by using one-shot case study design. Implementation of research product in field can develop skill of science process learners based on result of T test 2,229 significance of 0.056. It is expected that further research to determine the positive response of learners. Abstrak Perkembangan IPTEKS dewasa ini menyebar secara cepat dibidang pendidikan khususnya dalam pengembangan media pembelajaran. Penerapan media pembelajaran tersebut menggunakan pendekatan behavioristik yang cenderung mengoptimalkan stimulus dan respon peserta didik dalam proses (keterampilan proses sains. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu a untuk mendeskripsikan penerapan bahan ajar multimedia interaktif terhadap keterampilan proses sains peserta didik dan b untuk mengetahui dampak bahan ajar multimedia interaktif terhadap keterampilan proses sains peserta didik. Jenis penelitian ini adalah Penelitian Pre-Eksperimen dengan menggunakan desain one shot case study. Implementasi produk penelitian dilapangan dapat mengembangkan keterampilan proses sains peserta didik berdasarkan hasil Uji T sebesar 2.229 signifikansi 0.056 . Diharapkan adanya penelitian lanjutan untuk mengetahui respon positif peserta didik.

    14. PENGUKURAN NILAI DIELEKTRIK MATERIAL CALCIUM COPPER TITANAT ( CaCu3Ti4O12 MENGGUNAKAN SPEKTROSKOPI IMPEDANSI TERKOMPUTERISASI

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Widodo Budi Kurniawan

      2017-05-01

      ABSTRACT   The measurement of the complex dielectric constant and the magnitude of the capacitor impedances of the ceramic materials Calcium Copper Titanate CaCu3Ti4O12 (CCTO with purity of 99% has been done by using the method of computerized impedance spectroscopy in the frequency range 5 kHz - 120 kHz. The highest dielectric constant of the material was found to be 745 at 5 kHz in the sample sintered 7000C and the highest impedance of capacitor occured in CCTO sample non sintered that is 150434Ω. The results showed that complex dielectric constant and impedance of the capacitor of the material under study was frequency dependent.   Keywords : impedance spectroscopy, CaCu3Ti4O12,complex dielectric constant and impedance of capacitor

    15. Studi Komparatif Pengukuran Kinerja Keuangan Daerah Setelah Otonomi Daerah Antara Pemerintah Kota Binjai dan Pemerintah Kota Pematangsiantar

      OpenAIRE

      Sinuraya, Anton S.

      2016-01-01

      The objective of this research is to get empirical evidence whether or not have differences in financial performance of Binjai government or Pematangsiantar government by using ratio of local financial independence, local of financial dependency ratio, effectiveness ratio of local own revenue, ratio of operational expense for total expense, ratio of capital expense for total expense, growth ratio, and Debt Service Coverage Ratio. The data which is use to measure the territory financial perfor...

    16. PENGEMBANGAN SOAL MATEMATIKA BERKARAKTERISTIK TIMSS TIPE PEMECAHAN MASALAH PADA TOPIK GEOMETRI PENGUKURAN VOLUME KUBUS DAN BALOK KELAS VIII

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ika Pratiwi

      2016-07-01

      Full Text Available This research aims to produce a TIMSS characterized math problems that are valid and reliable. The method of this research is Design Research. The sample of this study were 31 students of SMP Negeri 1 Inderalaya. The procedure of this study through the stages of Preliminary Evaluation and Formative Evaluation. Based on the results obtained 7 of TIMSS characterized with characteristics (1 using real-life contexts, (2 using characteristics of TIMSS, and (3 the type of problem-solving that problem logically and empirically valid  and reliable. Valid logically be fulfilled from the results of the assessment validator, where the validator comment on the terms of the content, construct, and  language. Valid empirically criteria for both internally for items validity and externally for the whole items validity. Items also expressed reliable with a high level of confidence as the test instrument through items with the analysis result reliability coefficient of 0,703.Keywords: TIMSS, Design Research, Problem Solving, Geometry, Volume Cube and Rectangular Prism

    17. PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN PADA MATERI GEOMETRI DAN PENGUKURAN DENGAN PENDEKATAN PENDIDIKAN MATEMATIKA REALISTIK INDONESIA DI SD NEGERI 179 PALEMBANG

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      N. Fahriza Fuadiah

      2013-09-01

      Full Text Available The aims of the research is to produce the set of oriented realistic mathematical education (RME approach material that is valid and practical for teaching in elementary school student of the fifth grade  and have a good potencial effect. PMRI is one of learning approach which dribbles students in understanding mathematics concept by selfcontruction through prior knowledge which is related to daily activity, finding the concept by themselves so that the learning becomes meaningful. The research is a development research and method used in two stages, that are preliminary study (analysis and model development stage and formative study (evaluation and revision stage. The samples were students of fifth grade at SD Negeri 179 Palembang. In technique collecting the data, the writer used interview with the experts, observation by using prototype. The data was analyzed by using descriptive method. The result of data analyses concludes that the development of geometry and measurement prototype for the fifth grade students is valid based on content, construction, and language. It can be conclude from the documentary data that the use of student’s book has been a practical use. The try out tested on students has given potential effect which is the students like to study using realistic mathematical education approach with student activity level of 6.47 in a very high criteria and the average of final mark of  87,17 in a very good criteria. Key words: development research, RME, the set of teaching and learning

    18. Crystallization and X-ray analysis of the salmon-egg lectin SEL24K

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Murata, Kenji [Department of Animal Science, University of California, Davis 95616 (United States); Fisher, Andrew J. [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis 95616 (United States); Hedrick, Jerry L., E-mail: jlhedrick@ucdavis.edu [Department of Animal Science, University of California, Davis 95616 (United States)

      2007-05-01

      The 24 kDa egg lectin of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) was purified by affinity chromatography from salmon eggs and crystallized by the hanging-drop vapor-diffusion method using 15/4 EO/OH (pentaerythritol ethoxylate) as a precipitant. The 24 kDa egg lectin of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) is released from the egg during the cortical reaction. The lectin functions in blocking polyspermy during the fertilization process. The egg lectin was purified by affinity chromatography from salmon eggs and crystallized by the hanging-drop vapor-diffusion method using 15/4 EO/OH (pentaerythritol ethoxylate) as a precipitant. The crystal diffracted synchrotron-radiation X-rays to 1.63 Å resolution. The crystal belongs to the monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}, with unit-cell parameters a = 93.0, b = 73.6, c = 113.6 Å, α = 90, β = 92.82, γ = 90°. The crystal is likely to contain eight molecules in the asymmetric unit (V{sub M} = 2.3 Å{sup 3} Da{sup −1}), corresponding to a solvent content of 45.5%. A self-rotation function suggests an arrangement with 222 point symmetry within the asymmetric unit.

    19. Demansta Bilişsel Aktiviteyi Artırıcı Psikososyal Uygulamalar

      OpenAIRE

      Lök, Neslihan; Buldukoğlu, Kadriye

      2014-01-01

      The daily lives of individuals with dementia, cognitive aspects need to be strengthened in order to maintain the quality. For this reason, dementia, cognitive, psycho-social applications there is a need to increase activity. Dementia drug treatment interventions used as an aid to increase cognitive activity. These interventions, behavior, emotion, perception and stimulation-oriented approaches can be classified into four groups. Dementia cognitive enhancer activity and an older group, this in...

    20. Sel'skie rajony Kaliningradskoj oblasti (ocenka social'nogo blagopoluchija

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Romanova E. A.

      2014-02-01

      Full Text Available This article evaluates the social wellbeing of rural municipalities of the Kaliningrad region. The degree of social wellbeing is assessed on the basis of an analysis of statistical data and expert evaluations. Rural districts were identified in the Kaliningrad region on the basis of the following criteria: the share of population residing in the rural areas (threshold value of 50 %; the share of non-residential areas (threshold value of 75 %, the share of agricultural lands (threshold value of 50 %. Further analysis was based on the indices of geodemographic situation, investment potential, and production development. Rural municipalities were ranked according to these indices. The study showed that the best performing area are the suburban districts of Guryevsk and Bagrationovsk and the agricultural districts of Nesterov and Pravdinsk, whereas the worst performing ones are those of Gvardeisk, Krasnoznamensk, Ozersk, and Chernykhovsk. A comparison with the other constituent entities of the Northwestern federal district proved that the level of social wellbeing of Kaliningrad rural municipalities is rather high and most of them have made the transition from depression to sustainable development.

    1. Peran p53 Sebagai Jalur Kritis pada Mekanisme Kontrol Siklus Sel Sebagai Pencegah Terjadinya Kanker Mulut

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Herlia Nur Istindiah

      2015-09-01

      Full Text Available In cell cycle control, p53 acts as an emergency brake, where its important checkpoint function is to maintain the genome integrity by preventing the formation and proliferation of mutant cells. P53 activity is increased by DNA damage occurs caused by agents (such as radioation, UV light or drugs or oncogenes. Mdm2 protein can inhibit the p53 activation, but oncogenes can inhibit Mdm2 or activate p53. If DNA damage occurs, then p53 prevents the cells from replicating their DNA by arresting the cell cycle, so that the cells can repair the damage. Alternatively, p53 instructs the cells to undergo apoptosis by inducing bax gene expression, so that irregular cell growth, and cancer can be avoided. Cancer, including oral cancer, oftenthuolved cells with altered p53. Exogenous factors, such as tobacco and alcohol, presumably plays a role in triggering p53 mutations. Several techniques, such as immunohistochemistry and PCR can be used to investigation their etiology and development of oral cancer. The results hopefully be applied clinically in early detection, prevention and prediction of cancer. This paper discusses the role on p53 in preventing the occurrence and proliferation of mutated cells that lead to cancer, including oral cancer.

    2. 6 näitust, mida sel kuul vaadata / Kristel Schwede

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Schwede, Kristel, 1963-

      2016-01-01

      Kärt Ojavee ja Johanna Ulfsaki "Live Streams" HOP galeriis, Juhan Kuusi "Inimlikkuse mõõt. 45 aastat dokumentaalfotograafiat Lõuna-Aafrikas" Adamson-Ericu muuseumis, Vilniuse Kaasaegse Kunsti Keskuse nüüdiskunsti näitus "Südamepekslemine" Tallinna Kunstihoones ja selle galeriides, "Tunne Eesti disaini" Tartu Kunstimuuseumis, Valli Lember-Bogatkina mälestusnäitus Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus, Juta Soans-Laanpere ja Jana Soansi "Meelerahu" Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus

    3. Tootjad prognoosivad sel aastal suvetoodetele 30% müügikasvu / Eda-Liis Kann

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Kann, Eda-Liis, 1979-

      2004-01-01

      Rakvere Lihatööstuse, AS-i Wõro Kommerts, Valga Lihatööstuse ning AS-i Tallegg müügiprognoosid. Kommenteerib Kristel Kindsigo. Lisa: Suurimat kasvu ootab Filee LT. Vt. samas: Kanaliha tarbimine on kahekordistunud

    4. A study of the portability of an Ada system in the software engineering laboratory (SEL)

      Science.gov (United States)

      Jun, Linda O.; Valett, Susan Ray

      1990-01-01

      A particular porting effort is discussed, and various statistics on analyzing the portability of Ada and the total staff months (overall and by phase) required to accomplish the rehost, are given. This effort is compared to past experiments on the rehosting of FORTRAN systems. The discussion includes an analysis of the types of errors encountered during the rehosting, the changes required to rehost the system, experiences with the Alsys IBM Ada compiler, the impediments encountered, and the lessons learned during this study.

    5. Adsorção de selênio em latossolos Selenium adsorption in oxisols

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ernesto Rinaldi Mouta

      2008-06-01

      Full Text Available A retenção de Se pelos colóides do solo constitui importante processo para a manutenção da sanidade ambiental. A informação sobre a adsorção de Se em solos altamente intemperizados é restrita e existem poucos padrões quantitativos disponíveis para a definição de estratégias de remediação de áreas contaminadas. Quantidades crescentes de Se (5, 10, 25, 50, 100 e 250 mg L-1, na forma de Na2SeO3, foram adicionadas a amostras de dez Latossolos brasileiros [três Latossolos Vermelho-Amarelos (LVA-1, LVA-2 e LVA-3, dois Latossolos Vermelhos (LV-1 e LV-2, um Latossolo Vermelho eutroférrico (LVef, um Latossolo Vermelho acriférrico (LVwf, dois Latossolos Amarelos (LA-1 e LA-2 e um Latossolo Amarelo acriférrico (LAwf]. Isotermas de adsorção foram construídas e foi verificado o ajuste dos resultados experimentais aos modelos de Langmuir e de Freundlich. A equação de Langmuir ajustou melhor os resultados de adsorção de Se do que a isoterma de Freundlich. Todas as isotermas apresentaram o formato tipo-L (exponencial, com exceção daquelas obtidas para o LVA-1 e para o LVA-2, que apresentaram comportamento tipo-C (linear. Valores de adsorção máxima (Ads máx, estimada pelo modelo de Langmuir, variaram de 135 (LVA-3 a 2.245 mg kg-1 (LA-1, enquanto os coeficientes de afinidade (K L estiveram entre 0,002 (LVA-2 e 0,326 (LVA-3. A constante de afinidade estimada pelo modelo de Freundlich (Kf variou de 13,7 (LVA-2 a 180,1 (LAwf. A adsorção máxima de Se foi mais elevada no LVef e nos Latossolos ácricos (LAwf e LVwf, enquanto os maiores valores de Kf foram encontrados no LV-2, LVef, LVA-3 e LVwf. Não houve correlação entre os atributos dos solos e as constantes de Langmuir. Valores de Kf correlacionaram-se com os teores de argila (r = 0,42* e com a capacidade de troca de ânions (r = 0,64*.Selenium (Se retention by soil colloids is an important process to maintain the environmental quality. Little information is available on Se adsorption in highly weathered tropical soils, and there are few numerical parameters that can be used as references to aid on adoption management strategies in contaminated areas. Increasing amounts of Se (5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 250 mg L-1, added as Na2SeO3, were equilibrated with samples of ten Brazilian Oxisols [three Typic Hapludoxes (TH-1, TH-2 and TH-3, two Rhodic Eutrudoxes (RE-1 and RE-2, two Xanthic Hapludoxes (XH-1 and XH-2, one Rhodic Hapludox (RH, one Rhodic Acrudox (RA and one Anionic Acrudox (AA]. Adsorption isotherms were obtained and the experimental results fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich models. The Langmuir equation fitted better to the experimental data than the Freundlich model. All isotherms had an L-type (exponential shape, except for TH-1 and TH-2, which had a C-type (linear shape. Selenium Ads max varied between 135 mg kg-1 (TH-3 and 2.245 mg kg-1 (XH-1 and the affinity constant (K L varied from 0.002 (TH-2 to 0.326 L kg-1 (TH-3. Affinity constant (Kf values between 13.7 (TH-2 and 180.1 L kg-1 (AA were obtained from the Freundlich model. A high Se retention potential was observed on RH and on acric Oxisols (AA and RA, while qualitative parameters indicated RE-2, RH, TH-3 and RA as Oxisols with high Se affinity. No correlations were observed between soil attributes and Langmuir parameters. The Freundlich coefficient (Kf correlated with clay content (r = 0.42* and with anion exchange capacity (AEC (r = 0.64*.

    6. Konsentrasi Aman Kurkumin dan PGV-0 terhadap Sel Vero Berdasarkan Hasil Uji Sitotoksik

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Dewi Marbawati

      2015-08-01

      Full Text Available Curcumin (1,7-bis(3-methoxyphenyl 4'hidroksi -1.6 heptadien, 3,5-dione is the yellow pigment of Curcuma longa. Curcumin has various biological activities such as antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal and antivirus. Various benefits of curcumin can not be separated from the weakness which is not stable to pH and light. Pentagamavunon-0 (PGV-0 were made by changing the β diketone group on cluster analog of curcumin into monoketon while eliminating active methylene group so it is more stable to pH and light. PGV-0 also has potential as a stronger antioxidant and antiinflammatory agent than other curcumin analogues. The objective of this research was to determine the safe concentrations of curcumin and PGV-0 on vero cells due to the increased use of the two compounds through the cytotoxic test. This research includes experimental research. Cytotoxic test performed with microculture tetrazolium technique (MTT method. Use of MTT to evaluate the cytotoxic is based on changes of tetrazolium salt into formazan crystals by mitochondrial enzyme succinate dehydrogenase with the help of cellular NADH. The results showed that the safe concentrations of curcumin and PGV-0 on vero cells respectively are 6.25 and 1.5625 ppm. Based on the cytotoxic test the secure concentration of curcumin was higher than PGV-0.

    7. Kultuuripealinn kutsub sel nädalal tundmatuid katuseid käima / Heidi Kukk

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Kukk, Heidi

      2010-01-01

      Tallinn 2011 ootussarja "52 üllatust ja ideed" raames 12. ja 13. augustil toimuvast projektist "Katustele", mille eestvedajateks on Eesti Kunstiakadeemia üliõpilased Helen Melesk ja Hello Upan. Järgmisena on kavas tantsu- ja laululine performance Anneli Leinbergi juhendamisel ja Tallinna merepiiri kasutule olekule pühendatud kunstiprojekt "Bassein"

    8. Effets des sels organiques de tributyletain sur l'huître adulte Crassostrea gigas

      OpenAIRE

      Heral, Maurice; Alzieu, Claude; Caux, O.; Razet, Daniel; Garnier, Jacqueline

      1983-01-01

      La toxicité des composés organostanniques a été mise en évidence à l'égard de l'huître Crassostrea gigas tant aux stades larvaires (His & Robert, 1980) que chez l'adulte (Alzieu & al., 1980, 1981). Parallèlement ces mêmes auteurs ont montré l'accumulation d'étain dans les huîtres contaminées expérimentalement ainsi que le rôle que peut jouer le fluorure de TBT dans la perturbation de la croissance (Héral & al. 1981) et dans la malformation de la coquille des huîtres (Alzieu & al., 1981). Dans...

    9. Hubungan antara pH Susu dengan Jumlah Sel Somatik Sebagai Parameter Mastitis Subklinik

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      M. Sudarwanto

      2008-08-01

      Full Text Available The aim of this research was to measure the relationship of the pH value to the somatic cell count as a parameter of sub clinical mastitis detection. Two hundreds quarter milk samples were used in this research and the test (the pH value, IPB-1 mastitis test and Breed method was done in parallel way. The results showed that 152 samples from 200 samples (76% tested with Breed method came from the herds which suffered from sub-clinical mastitis and with IPB-1 test showed that 145 (72.5% of the samples had positive reaction. Using pH meter, it showed that 44 samples (22 % had pH > 6.75, presumed suffered from sub-clinical mastitis and 2 samples (1% showed pH < 6.30 (6.25 and 6.28. At the same time, these two samples showed a negative reaction with IPB-1 test and had somatic cell count of 360,000/ml and 280,000/ml, each. It also showed that there was a close relationship between pH value and IPB-1 test. The conclusion of this research was that the measurement of pH value was not a sensitive method for detecting sub-clinical mastitis.

    10. USDA's Systematic Entomology Laboratory (SEL): Global leadership and innovation in insect systematics

      Science.gov (United States)

      A longstanding agreement between the USDA and the Smithsonian Institution created the National Insect Collection, one of the premiere entomological resources on the planet. Since its inception, USDA scientists associated with the National Insect Collection have been at the forefront of documenting i...

    11. PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI BERORIENTASI PENGEMBANGAN KECERDASAN MAJEMUK SISWA PADA KONSEP SEL KELAS XI SMA

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Vidya Chaerunnisa

      2017-01-01

      Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the feasibility of the development of student’s multiple intelligence-oriented learning instrument on the cells concept in grade XI senior high school. Research and Development (R & D method was conducted in this research. This research was developed four components in the cell concept learning instrument that included syllabus, lesson plan, student’s worksheet, and assessment instrument. From the four components were obtained an average score of 93.76% with a decent category. The time limited test was conducted in July-August 2016, at SMAN 4 Kota Serang and SMA Prisma Sanjaya Kota Serang. Based on students' responses as a user, it was obtained the value of 79.78% with a fair category. Based on the results of expert test and limited test scale, the learning instrument development of multiple intelligences learning-oriented can be applied for the learning process in the cell concept for grade XI in senior high school.

    12. Moesõber, sel nädalal riisu koor Eesti rõivakunstilt! / Tanel Veenre

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

      2009-01-01

      3. Tallinna moenädala üritustest. Tallinn Fashion Week'i korraldab Eesti Moedisaini Liit. Näitus "Uus Eesti moejoonistus" Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis. Filippo Caroti ja Oksana Tanditi moefotonäitus Tallinnas Galeriis M. Meesteehete väljapanek ja Anu Hindi moefotonäitus "Aeg maha 3" Iida galeriis. "Eesti moepiibel 2010" esitlus. Rahvusvaheline seminar Veerenni 24. Ülevaade eesti moekunstnike loomingu esitlustest

    13. Täna öösel me ei maga / Andrus Villem

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Villem, Andrus

      2004-01-01

      Ilmunud ka: Nädaline, 4. märts 2004, lk. 4; Meie Maa, 4. märts 2004, lk. 2; Sakala, 5. märts 2004, lk. 2; Elva Postipoiss, 6. märts 2004, lk. 4; Koit, 6. märts 2004, lk. 6; Vooremaa, 6. märts 2004, lk. 2; Harjumaa, 9. märts 2004, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 13. märts 2004, lk. 2; Pärnu Postimees, 19. märts 2004, lk. 11. Arutlus poliitikuks olemise üle. Carmen Kassi poliitikasse pürgimisse

    14. 'Him bid sona sel': psychiatry in the Anglo-Saxon Leechbooks.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Pell, Christopher

      2011-12-01

      Classical Greek and Roman writers documented the diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric illness in ancient times. Following the fall of the Western Roman Empire however, we find little writing on the topic in early Medieval Europe. Yet in Britain, medical texts survived and were complemented by local traditions and treatments. This article explores the best-known Anglo-Saxon medical texts, the Leechbooks and Lacnunga, for evidence of psychiatric illness and the treatments employed by physicians in the tenth century. The difficulties encountered when working with sources translated from Old English and speculations about the supernatural aetiology ascribed to these illnesses are detailed. The efficacy of the leechdoms (treatments) described are also investigated for both their placebo and potential pharmacological effects.

    15. Význam čísel mezi Platónem a Aristotelem

      OpenAIRE

      Šíma, Antonín

      2016-01-01

      1 Abstract Meaning of numbers between Plato and Aristotle Antonín Šíma The dissertation titled "The Transformation of the Concept of Number between Plato and the Early Academy" deals with the problem of numbers in early Platonism between Aristotle and Plato. In Plato's dialogues, within professional mathematical disciplines of knowledge, numbers fulfil a function of propaedeutic procedure to the method of thinking − dialectic. Dialectic engages in the most general structures of thinking whose...

    16. Effet des sels de métaux lourds (chlorure de Cobalt et chlorure de ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      SARAH

      30 nov. 2014 ... Ces effets se caractérisent par des dommages sur la membrane plasmique, plus ... These effects are characterized by damage to the plasma membrane, more pronounced ..... des cellules végétales en carence de phosphate.

    17. Perubahan Sel Imun Pulpitis Akibat Biomodulasi Laser GaA1As

      OpenAIRE

      Nugrohowati Nugrohowati

      2015-01-01

      The objective of this study was to disclose the effect of GaA1As laser biomodulation on pulpitis immune response. The use of laser is still disputable, because of the biomodulation effect of laser remains unclear, particularly on immune response of pulpitis. Laser is  astressor because it produces stress wave that may cause stress on pulp. Modulation of immune system occurred in each variable of immune system component was considred to be GAS (General Adaptation Syndrome). The applied design ...

    18. Are You Ready to Assess Social and Emotional Development? SEL Solutions Decision Tree

      Science.gov (United States)

      American Institutes for Research, 2015

      2015-01-01

      Deciding whether and how to use assessments to evaluate students' social and emotional (SE) knowledge, attitudes, and skills requires the development and critical appraisal of an assessment plan. At the state, district, and school levels, education leaders and staff can benefit from reviewing best practices and using a structured format to arrive…

    19. ParSel: Parallel Selection of Micro-RNAs for Survival Classification in Cancers.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Sinha, Debajyoti; Sengupta, Debarka; Bandyopadhyay, Sanghamitra

      2017-07-01

      It is known that tumor micro-RNAs (miRNA) can define patient survival and treatment response. We present a framework to identify miRNAs which are predictive of cancer survival. The framework attempts to rank the miRNAs by exploring their collaborative role in gene regulation. Our approach tests a significantly large number of combinatorial cases leveraging parallel computation. We carefully avoided parametric assumptions involved in evaluations of miRNA expressions but used rigorous statistical computation to assign an importance score to a miRNA. Experimental results on three cancer types namely, KIRC, OV and GBM verify that the top ranked miRNAs obtained using the proposed framework produce better classification accuracy as compared to some best practice variable selection methods. Some of these top ranked miRNA are also known to be associated with related diseases. © 2017 Wiley‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

    20. a factorial study of contrac ial study of contractor sel ial study

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      eobe

      1, 2 PRODUCTION ENGINEERING. E-mail addresses: ... sourcing management, duration of work, worker uration of work ..... management of jobs during and after completion of jobs. .... International Journal of Business and Management. Vol.6 ...

    1. SEL/Project Language. Level II, Kindergarten, Volume I (Lessons 1-16).

      Science.gov (United States)

      Valladares, Ann E.; And Others

      The document is an intervention curriculum guide designed to facilitate the initial adjustment of disadvantaged Southeastern children to kindergarten or first grade. The major emphasis is on the teaching of language skills in combination with subject matter learning using a language-experience approach. This volume contains Lessons 1-16 of a…

    2. AKTIVITAS URIKASE YANG DIHASILKAN DARI BERBAGAI SEL LACTOBACILLUS PLANTARUM DAN PARAMETER KINETIKANYA

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Dyah Iswantini

      2009-12-01

      Full Text Available Uric acid concentration could be determined by spectrophotometry method. Uric acid was oxidized into allatonin in the presence of uricase and calculated by measuring the decrease of uric acid absorbance at 293 nm. These uricase were obtained from cells of Lactobacillus plantarum. L. plantarum K. Mar. E was isolated from passion fruit skin and L. plantarum Mgs. Psmb and Mgs. Bst from mangosteen. This research was conducted to observe the activity and kinetics of uricase from various cells of L. plantarum by spectrophotometric method. The plate assay method indicated that L. plantarum produced uricase, based on the clear zone about 0,2 mm on glucose yeast peptone medium contained 0,2% uric acid. The optimum condition of uricase activity from the three different sources occured in physiological condition. Uricase activity generated from cells of L. plantarum K. Mar. E, Mgs. Psmb, and Mgs. Bst were 0,1073; 0,0867; and 0,0842 U/mL, respectively. The kinetic parameters for uricase, determined with uric acid as the substrate. Vmax produced by L. plantarum K. Mar. E, Mgs. Psmb, and Mgs. Bst were 1,3635; 0,0316; and 0,0418 U/mL of bacterial culture, respectively and KM 0,1541; 0,0061; and 0,0054 mM, respectively. Uricase activity in various bacterial cells of L. plantarum was stable until the second day

    3. Vilniaus Akropolist oodatakse börsile juba sel aastal / Lauri Matsulevitsh

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Matsulevitsh, Lauri

      2005-01-01

      Leedu ettevõtte VP Marketi tütarfirma Vilniaus Akropolis valis LHV ja Skandinaavia investeerimispanga Carnegie oma strateegiliseks nõustajaks, hetkel kaalutakse aktsiate avalikku pakkumist ning börsil noteerimist. Lisa: Akropolis omasuguste seas suurim. Vt. samas: Eesti investorite võimalused

    4. Private Pilot Practical Test Standards for Airplane (SEL, MEL, SES, MES)

      Science.gov (United States)

      1995-05-01

      The Private Pilot - Airplane Practical Test Standards book has been : published by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to establish the : standards for the private pilot certification practical tests for the airplane : category and the single-e...

    5. Optimism lubab uut kasvu. Kui kõrgelt lennatakse logistikas sel aastal? / Rivo Sarapik

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Sarapik, Rivo, 1981-

      2011-01-01

      2010. aastal kasvas tarbeautode müük kolmandiku võrra, Tallinna Sadam käitles kaupu 16% võrra enam kui aasta varem. Transiidikeskus loodab konteinerkäibe ja ro-ro kaupade 20-protsendilist kasvu. Graafikud, diagrammid

    6. Loomad räägivad sel korral eesti keeles / Jaanus Noormets

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Noormets, Jaanus

      2008-01-01

      Arvutiga animeeritud USA koguperefilmist "Madagaskar 2" (Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa), mis jõuab Eesti kinodesse erinevalt filmisarja esimesest osast eesti keelde dubleerituna (loomtegelastele on oma hääle laenanud Karol Kuntsel, Andero Ermel, Evelin Pang, Mait Malmsten, Raivo E. Tamm, Andrus Vaarik jt)

    7. KARAKTERISTIK BENTUK DAN UKURAN SEL DARAH IKAN BETOK (Anabas testudineus DAN IKAN GABUS (Chana sriata

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Hidayaturrahmah Hidayaturrahmah

      2016-09-01

      Full Text Available The study was conducted to assess the characteristics regarding the size and shape of blood cells climbing perch and striped snakehead. Samples obtained from martapura river districts banjar, South Kalimantan. Blood examination carried using hematology method. Results showed that the cells form erythrocytes on climbing perch is round, while the oval-shaped striped snakehead. The Form of leukocytes, platelets, lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils Both betok fish and gabus fish everything Shaped round. characteristics  of Blood cell climbing perch have red cell (eritrocyt size of 7.36 ± 0.65 x 106 µm; Platelet count of 3.59 ± 0.32 µm, lymphocytes 5.11 ± 1.02 µm, monocytes 7.76 ± 1.36 µm, Eosinophils 8.74 ± 0.47 µm, Bashophil 8:24 ± 0.33 µm. characteristics  size of blood cells striped snakehead are: erythrocytes 10.29 ± 0.33 µm, 3.59 ± 0.66 µm platelets, lymphocytes 6.85 ± 0.75 µm, monocytes 8.02 ± 0.41 µm, Eosinophils 7, 46 µm, Bashophil 9.63 ± 0.21 µm.

    8. Continuous precipitation process of plutonium salts; Procede continu de precipitation des sels de plutonium

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Richard, P [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

      1967-03-01

      This work concerns the continuous precipitation process of plutonium oxalate. Investigations about the solubility of different valence states in nitric-oxalic and in nitric-sulfuric-oxalic medium lead to select the precipitation process of tetravalent plutonium oxalate. Settling velocity and granulometry of tetravalent oxalate plutonium have been studied with variation of several precipitation parameters such as: temperature, acidity, excess of oxalic acid and aging time. Then are given test results of some laboratory continuous apparatus. Conditions of operation with adopted tubular apparatus are defined in conclusion. A flow-sheet is given for a process at industrial scale. (author) [French] Cette etude porte sur la precipitation continue de l'oxalate de plutonium. L'etude de la solubilite des differentes valences du plutonium dans des milieux acides nitrique-oxalique, puis nitrique-sulfurique-oxalique conduit a choisir la precipitation de l'oxalate de plutonium tetravalent. L'etude porte ensuite sur la sedimentation et la granulometrie de l'oxalate de Pu{sup 4+} obtenue en faisant varier differents parametres de la precipitation : la temperature, l'acidite, l'exces oxalique et le temps de murissement. La derniere partie traite des resultats obtenus avec plusieurs types d'appareils continus essayes au laboratoire. En conclusion sont donnees les conditions de marche de l'appareil tubulaire adopte, ainsi qu'une extrapolation a l'echelle industrielle sous forme d'un flow-sheet. (auteur)

    9. Kus on võimalik õppida raamatute kirjastamist? / Gerli Köösel

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Köösel, Gerli

      2016-01-01

      Artikli autor kaitses Tallinna Ülikooli digitehnoloogiate instituudis seminaritöö "Raamatukirjastamises vajalike pädevuste omandamise võimalused Eestis". Vaatluse all olid nelja Eesti kõrgkooli õppekavad

    10. PEMANFAATAN Spirulina platensis SEBAGAI SUPLEMEN PROTEIN SEL TUNGGAL (PST MENCIT (Mus musculus

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Haryo Kuntoro Adi

      2007-06-01

      Full Text Available The using of Spirulina platensis as Supplement of Single-Celled Protein (SCP to Mice. High protein in Spirulina platensis can be used as a source of Single-Celled Protein. By using mice (Mus musculus as a animal laboratory, the objective of this research is to know the influence of Biomass S. platensis to the increase of body weight of mice. The name of species is Mus musculus, strain is Swiss derivate. Utilized mice were male, 30-50 weighing gram, and 5-7 weeks of age. Treatment group was given by palette and given by biomass of S. Platensis, while control also fed palette but did not give biomass of S. platensis. Yielded biomass was used as food mixed with palette with composition of dry biomass S. platensis with palette was 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50%. Data analysis was conducted by using t-tes and analysis of variance. The results showed that by giving of dry biomass of S. platensis affected to the increasement of body weight from the first day until twelfth day of observation, and decrease on the thirteenth and fourteenth day. Pursuant to result of statistic, there is a significant difference (p < 0,05 between before giving and after giving of dry biomass S. platensis during 17 day. By giving dry biomass of S. platensis to mice (Mus musculus at first and second week, it was found the difference of average mice body weight among six concentrations of biomass but did not at the third week. It means that not all concentration of biomass have same effect to the increase of mice body weight as a Single-Celled Protein.

    11. Efektivitas kurkumin sebagai antioksidan dan inhibitor melanin pada kultur sel B16F1

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Sugiharto Sugiharto

      2013-03-01

      Full Text Available Melanin inhibitors have become increasingly important ingredients in medication and cosmetics for the prevention ofhyperpigmentation. In the last few years, a huge number of natural herbal extracts have been tested as inhibitors of melanin synthesisand some of these effects are related to the antioxidant properties. The objectives of this study were to determine of curcumin propertiesas antioxidant activity and melanin inhibitors. In this study, our data indicated that antioxidant assay with DPPH showed IC50 was16,05 μg/ml. In the absence of α-MSH (α-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone, melanin content assay in cell B16-F1 indicated thatthe highest activity of curcumin to reduce melanin content of 45,67% at 25 μg/ml. Meanwhile, in the presence of α-MSH at the sameconcentration indicated that the highest activity was 53,87%. Based on the data, curcumin has potential properties as antioxidantactivity and melanin inhibitor.

    12. (Electro-biorremediación de suelos contaminados con diésel)

      OpenAIRE

      Mena Ramírez, Esperanza

      2016-01-01

      Soil pollution is a topic of the major significance all around the World. This environmental problem has increased in the last two centuries, because the Industrial Revolution marked the starting point for the development and intensification of the different industrial activities. Many of them involves the manipulation of multitude substances, hazardous for the environment and, consequently, also for the human health. Among the most widely extended pollutants, heavy metals, fossil fuels and p...

    13. Mise au point d'un test in vitro de comportement au sel de quatre ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      30 avr. 2015 ... Macfad.cv Star Ruby) et orange Shamouti (citrus sinensis) ont été maintenus sur des milieux MT renfermant ... Ruby), and 'Shamouti' sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) were maintained ...... and Salinity Effects in Citrus Trees, in.

    14. FUZZY DİZİSEL YEREL ENTROPİ FONKSİYONU ÜZERİNE

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      İsmail TOK

      2011-01-01

      Full Text Available Bu makalede,ilk olarak,fuzzy dinamik sisteminin bazı temel özellikleri verilerek, fuzzy dizisel entropi fonksiyonunun bazı özellikleri detaya girilmeksizin incelenmektedir.Daha sonra, fuzzy dinamik sisteminin dizisel yerel entropi fonksiyonu tanımlanıyor.Son olarak da, bu fonksiyonun bazı önemli özellikleri ispatlanmaktadır.

    15. Aritmetické vlastnosti Fibonacciových čísel

      Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

      Křížek, Michal; Luca, F.; Somer, L.

      2005-01-01

      Roč. 50, č. 2 (2005), s. 127-140 ISSN 0032-2423 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1P05ME749 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : golden section * primes * Lucas numbers Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

    16. Perubahan Sel Imun Pulpitis Akibat Biomodulasi Laser GaA1As

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Nugrohowati Nugrohowati

      2015-08-01

      Full Text Available The objective of this study was to disclose the effect of GaA1As laser biomodulation on pulpitis immune response. The use of laser is still disputable, because of the biomodulation effect of laser remains unclear, particularly on immune response of pulpitis. Laser is  astressor because it produces stress wave that may cause stress on pulp. Modulation of immune system occurred in each variable of immune system component was considred to be GAS (General Adaptation Syndrome. The applied design of this research was experimental clinical trial that involved laser application on those reversible pulpitis and irreversible pulpitis. Each group consist of 10 samples. To identify biomodulation effect of 2 minutes, 5 minutes laser exposure in reversible and irreversible pulpitis, manova test was done. The different result of biomodulation effect on the control group was only indicated by the exposure of GaAIAs laser for 5 minute in reversible pulpitis on decreasing macrophage, T helper, T cytotoxic, IgM and increasing IgG.

    17. EFEK PEMBERIAN ANTIOKSIDAN TOKOFEROL ALFA TERHADAP MEMBRAN SEL DARAH MERAH TALASEMIA

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ferry P Gultom

      2015-09-01

      Full Text Available Talasemia is blood disorder which is characterized by anemia due to inherited haemoglobine disorder. The anemia is caused by a decreased flexibility of the erythrocyte results in decreased capability of required deformability to be able to across through capillary blood vessels. Free radicals with one or more unpaired electron on potential in destroying all the molecule exist in the body of living things like protein, carbohydrate and fat. Tocoferol or vitamin E is an antioxidant essential in eliminating free radicals in the cell membrane by inhibiting the peroxidation process of the cell membrane lipid. The objective of this study is to investigate the severity of the erythrocyte destruction either those with or without oxidative load from the environment. The results of this study showed that the level of malondialdehid in the control of erythrocyte was 1.85 ± 1.37 nmol in talasemia and 1.02 ± 0.64 nmol in normal (p<0.05. The addition of 2mM t-BHP resulted in increased malondialdehid level up to 19.59 ± 6.82 nmol in talasemia and 11.42 ± 3.49 nmol in normal erythrocytes (P<0.05. Oxidated erythrocyte with vitamin E supplement beforehand showed lower level of malondialdehid composed to those without vitamin E supplement (p<0.05. Conclusion: Additional vitamin E (tocoferol leads to decreased level of malondialdehid both in the normal and thalasemia erythrocytes.

    18. Karakteristik Life Time dan Efisiensi Modul Surya Berbasis Pewarna Menggunakan Interkoneksi Seri

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Iqbal Febriana

      2016-06-01

      Full Text Available Sel surya berbasis pewarna atau yang dikenal dengan dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC merupakan sel surya generasi baru yang bekerja berdasarkan photoelectrochemical. Proses absorpsi cahaya dilakukan oleh molekul pewarna (dye dan proses pemisahan muatan oleh bahan semikonduktor anorganik (dalam penelitian ini digunakan TiO2. Dalam penelitian ini dilakukan pabrikasi modul surya menggunakan lapisan partikel nano TiO2 (non-scattering dan menggunakan campuran lapisan partikel nano TiO2 dengan lapisan partikel sub-mikron TiO2 (scattering. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui waktu hidup (life time dan efisiensi modul surya dengan bahan yang berbeda. Pabrikasi modul surya ini menggunakan teknik screen printing. Karakteristik life time diperoleh dari hasil pengukuran I-V yang dilakukan secara manual menggunakan lampu LED 15 Watt dengan intensitas 40 mW/cm2 . Pengujian life time dilakukan selama 500 jam, dan hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa modul surya dengan lapisan scattering dapat mempengaruhi karakteristik life time namun efisiensi yang didapatkan kurang baik yaitu sebesar 0,31% sedangkan modul surya dengan lapisan non-scattering menunjukkan efisiensi yang baik yaitu sebesar 1,83% namun karakteristik life time yang kurang baik.

    19. Kesehatan Karang di Perairan Kessilampe Kota Kendari Berdasarkan Skor Kesehatan Karang dan Densitas Zooxanthellae

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Palupi Diyah Ratna

      2017-04-01

      Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui kesehatan karang berdasarkan tutupan persentase karang hidup, skor kesehatan karang, dan densitas zooxanthellae sebagai simbion karang. Metode penentuan titik stasiun dengan menggunakan purposif sample. Metode pengukuran kondisi terumbu karang menggunakan Line Intersept Transect (LIT dengan 3 (tiga kali ulangan tiap stasiun, skor kesehatan karang menggunakan metode quadrat transect (1x1m, dan densitas zooxanthellae dihitung dengan pengambilan sampel jaringan karang. Pengambilan data di perairan menggunakan alat bantu selam SCUBA. Hasil penelitian ini didapat kondisi terumbu karang di lokasi penelitian dalam keadaan rusak dengan rata-rata tutupan karang hidup sebesar 19%. Secara umum biota karang yang mampu bertahan hidup di lokasi penelitian dalam kondisi cukup sehat (skor 4. Hal ini didukung dengan rata-rata jumlah zooxanthellae yang tidak begitu banyak yaitu 1,4 juta sel/cm2 dengan kisaran yang lebar (250ribu-2,5juta sel/cm2. Keberadaan terumbu karang di pantai Mayaria beradaptasi dalam bentuk spot-spot dan didominasi oleh karang foliose dan masive. Kata Kunci : kesehatan karang, Pantai Kessilampe, zooxanthellae

    20. HUBUNGAN SELF EFFICACY DAN PRESTASI BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN ALAM TERPADU

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Try Susanti

      2016-10-01

      Full Text Available Abstrak   Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk meneliti hubungan antara kepercayaan diri (self-efficacy dan prestasi akademik siswa pada sekolah menengah. Sampel penelitian ini berjumlah 37 orang siswa sekolah tahun akademik 2014/2015 yang dipilih dengan teknik total sampling. Pengukuran kepercayaan diri (self – efficacy menggunakan skala The Teacher Efficacy Scale, sedangkan pengukuran prestasi siswa menggunakan nilai rata-rata rapor siswa. Analisis data menggunakan korelasi product moment.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kepercayaan diri (self-efficacy diri siswa memiliki hubungan dengan prestasi akademik siswa pada mata pelajaran ilmu pengetahuan alam terpadu (Biologi.  Semakin tinggi kepercayaan diri (self efficacy siswa, semakin tinggi prestasi mereka, sebaliknya semakin rendah kepercayaan diri (self-efficacy siswa maka semakin rendah prestasi akademik mereka pada mata pelajaran ilmu pengetahuan alam (Biologi.   Kata kunci: Self Efficacy, Prestasi, Siswa                 Abstract   [Relationship between self-efficacy and academic achievement in science subjects  (Biology].The aim of the study was to  investigate the relation between self-efficacy  and academic achievement in high school students. In this study, 37 students in the academic year 2014/2015 were selected by means of total sampling. To measure self efficacy, The Teacher Efficacy Scale  was used. To measure achievement score grade point average (school report in classes was used.  To analyze data product moment correlation analysis was used.  Analysis of data revealed that self –efficacy are correlated with academic achievement in Biology. The higher the students' self efficacy, the higher the student achievement in science subject (Biology. Conversely, the lower the students' self-efficacy, the lower the learning achievements of students in science subjects (Biology.  Keywords: Sel -f Efficacy, Achievement, Student

    1. PENGARUH TUJUAN PENYUSUNAN LAPORAN KEUANGAN TERHADAP METODE PENGUKURAN UNTUK UNSUR-UNSUR DALAM LAPORAN KEUANGAN (SEBUAH STUDI ARTIKEL DAN STANDAR AKUNTANSI KEUANGAN INDONESIA)

      OpenAIRE

      Etty Gurendrawati

      2011-01-01

      Abstract The financial statements have been prepared by an enterprise through a process of accounting. In the process of recording up to financial reporting, there are stages of recognition, initial measurement, measurement subsequent to initial recognition and presentation. These stages exist in the accounting process as a whole in the preparation of financial statements. Studies conducted on two groups of different views in determining financial reporting purposes. Different financial re...

    2. DESAIN KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATOR UNTUK PENGUKURAN KINERJA INDUSTRI JASA BERDASARKAN BUDAYA ORGANISASI DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN METODE BSC-AHP (Studi Kasus Hotel Di Semarang)

      OpenAIRE

      Setiawan, Nashrullah; Farmansyah, Andang

      2016-01-01

      In 2014 tourist arrivals in Semarang decreased when compared to 2013, which caused the occupancy rate also decreased, this led to increasingly fierce competition among businessmen hospitality. Performance measurement is one way companies look at how big the achievement of the company today. Performance measurement method used is balanced scorecard. This method is able to assess the company not only from the financial aspect, but also from non-financial aspects with reference to the four persp...

    3. PENGARUH TUJUAN PENYUSUNAN LAPORAN KEUANGAN TERHADAP METODE PENGUKURAN UNTUK UNSUR-UNSUR DALAM LAPORAN KEUANGAN (SEBUAH STUDI ARTIKEL DAN STANDAR AKUNTANSI KEUANGAN INDONESIA

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Etty Gurendrawati

      2011-03-01

      Full Text Available The financial statements have been prepared by an enterprise through a process of accounting. In the process of recording up to financial reporting, there are stages of recognition, initial measurement, measurement subsequent to initial recognition and presentation. These stages exist in the accounting process as a whole in the preparation of financial statements. Studies conducted on two groups of different views in determining financial reporting purposes. Different financial reporting purpose is the basis of different measurement methods for the same financial statement items. It is also evident from the results of an analysis of the measurement method of accounting in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards applicable in Indonesia. From a study of the Standar Akuntansi Keuangan Indonesia note that measurement inventories use historical cost and net Realization value, for the measurement of fixed assets use historical cost, fair value at the time of revaluation and the recoverable value. As for the obligation to use basic measuring the amount of expenditure required to settle the obligation and alternative estimates using present value of liabilities on the balance sheet date. Still require further study and analysis in order to ensure that the objectives of financial reporting affect the measurement method elements in the financial statements.

    4. PENGUKURAN TINGKAT KEMATANGAN PENYELARASAN STRATEGI TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI TERHADAP STRATEGI BISNIS ANALISIS MENGGUNAKAN FRAMEWORK COBIT 4.1 (Studi Kasus PT. BRI, Tbk

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Adityawarman Adityawarman

      2012-05-01

      Full Text Available Strategic alignment between Information Technology (IT and business has become CIOs andCEOs primary concern nowadays. This shows that strategic alignment is needed to achievebusiness goals. Every function in organization have their own strategies in achieving there goal,these strategies should fit each other and aligned. The same thing should happen in the strategiesof IT in organization, IT strategy should in harmony with business strategy. One of the mainissues for the next step is how to asses the maturity level of strategic alignment. By knowing thestrategic alignment level, organization should be able to identify its current position, and decidewhat practices shoud perform in order to achieve continuous improvement. The assessment ofstrategic alignment maturity level as a tool for assessing alignment level of IT strategy withbusiness strategy. This research assesses maturity alignment level of IT strategy with businessstrategy at PT. Bank BRI, Tbk, using IT Strategic Plan 2003–2008 as a framework and usingCOBIT 4.1 maturity model for assessment. Result of this research shows that level of maturityalignment of IT strategy with business strategy approaching defined level at 2.90 score. The resultshows that procedures have been standardized and documented, and communicated throughtraining. It is mandated that these processes should be followed. However, it is unlikely thatdeviations will be detected. The procedures themselves are not sophisticated but are theformalization of existing practices. Keywords:business, IT strategic alignment, COBIT 4.1 maturity model, IT balance scorecard, strategicalignment measurement, maturity measurement.

    5. PENGUKURAN TINGKAT DAYA SAING DAERAH BERDASARKAN VARIABEL PEREKONOMIAN DAERAH, VARIABEL INFRASTRUKTUR DAN SUMBER DAYA ALAM, SERTA VARIABEL SUMBER DAYA MANUSIA DI WILAYAH PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGGARA

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ira Irawati

      2012-10-01

      Full Text Available Daya saing wilayah menunjukkan kemampuan suatu wilayah menciptakan nilai tambah untuk mencapai kesejahteraan yang tinggi dan berkelanjutan dengan tetap terbuka pada persaingan domestik dan  internasional. Pengembangan wilayah di kota-kota dan kabupaten-kabupaten di Provinsi Sulawesi  Tenggara merupakan upaya untuk meningkatkan daya saing tersebut, walaupun  dalam pengembangannya  menghadapi permasalahan-permasalahan yang antara lain disebabkan oleh kurang berkembangnya sumber  daya manusia yang diakibatkan oleh rendahnya tingkat pendidikan dan rendahnya kualitas hidup  masyarakat serta kurangnya prasarana dan sarana untuk menunjang kesejahteraan masyarakat.  Perbandingan relatif tingkat daya saing antar kota kabupaten tersebut; berdasarkan 3 (tiga variabel yaitu  tingkat  perekonomian daerah,  ketersediaan  infrastruktur  dan  sumber  daya  alam,  serta  ketersediaan  dan kualitas sumber daya manusia; dilakukan untuk melihat sejauh mana daerah-daerah tersebut memiliki  keunggulan  untuk  mengatasi  persamalahan-permasalahan  dalam pengembangan wilayahnya. Kata kunci: Pengembangan Wilayah, Daya Saing. Abstract The competitiveness of the region demonstrated the ability of an area to create added value to achieve a high and sustainable prosperity to remain open to domestic and international competition. Development areas in the cities and districts in Southeast Sulawesi is an effort to enhance the competitiveness, even in the face of development issues among others caused by the lack of development of human resources caused by low levels of education and poor quality of life and the lack of infrastructure and facilities to support the welfare of the community. Comparison of the relative level of competitiveness between the city districts; based on 3 (three variables, namely the level of the regional economy, the availability of infrastructure and natural resources, as well as the availability and quality of human resources was done to see the extent to which these areas has the advantage to overcome persamalahan these issues in the development of the region. Keywords: Regional Development, Competitiveness.

    6. Pengukuran Tingkat Kesadaran Merek (Brand Awareness) pada Motor Honda (Studi Kasus pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Sosia dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau)

      OpenAIRE

      Permadi, Giovani; Heriyanto, Meyzi

      2016-01-01

      This study was conducted to test the Brand Awareness Level Measurement (Brand Awareness) At Honda Motor (Case study of social, Faculty of Science and Political Science, University of Riau). Brand awareness measurement can be done by characterizing the four elements, namely, top of mind, brand recall, brand recognition, unaware of the brand. The sampling method used is convenience sampling that samples can be found easily, as many as 100 respondents.Analysis technique used is descriptive analy...

    7. Pengukuran tingkat kesuksesan penerapan website Penerimaan Mahasiswa Baru (PMB online di perguruan tinggi swasta dengan pendekatan Human Organization Technology (HOT Fit model

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ahmad Heru Mujianto

      2017-01-01

      Abstract Private Higher Education (PHE in Jombang apply online admission of new students selection process, so applicants simply register through admission of new students online website owned by their respective private universities, without needing to the university. But in the implementation there are still prospective students who apply directly to the office of admission of new students PHE, it makes the need to measure the success rate of admission of new students website online application in PHE. Also, so far admission of new students online website PHE in Jombang has never been evaluated to determine the success rate. HOT (Human Organization Technology Fit model is a model of success that can be used as a model for evaluating information systems. There are seven variables used by HOT Fit, i.e., system quality, information quality, service quality, system use, user satisfaction, net beneFits, organizational structure (organization structure. The result of the research shows that there are three assessment indicators with satisfaction value below 85%, the response time is 76,1%; the availability of 71.6% of aid facilities; and 64.2% display satisfaction. So that three indicators need to be increased again to get better results and can optimize the implementation of admission of new students website online PHE in Jombang. Keywords: Admission of new students; HOT Fit; Human Organization Technology; Private Higher Education; PHE.

    8. PENGUKURAN KINERJA BEBERAPA SISTEM BASIS DATA RELASIONAL DENGAN KEMAMPUAN MENYIMPAN DATA BERFORMAT GML (GEOGRAPHY MARKUP LANGUAGE YANG DAPAT DIGUNAKAN UNTUK MENDASARI APLIKASI-APLIKASI SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Adi Nugroho

      2009-01-01

      Full Text Available If we want to represent spatial data to user using GIS (Geographical Information System applications, we have 2 choices about the underlying database, that is general RDBMS (Relational Database Management System for saving general spatial data (number, char, varchar, etc., or saving spatial data in GML (Geography Markup Language format. (GML is an another XML’s special vocabulary for spatial data. If we choose GML for saving spatial data, we also have 2 choices, that is saving spatial data in XML Enabled Database (relational databases that can be use for saving XML data or we can use Native XML Database (NXD, that is special databases that can be use for saving XML data. In this paper, we try to make performance comparison for several XML Enabled Database when we do GML’s CRUD (Create-Read-Update-Delete operations to these databases. On the other side, we also want to see flexibility of XML Enabled Database from programmers view.

    9. PENURUNAN KADAR AFLATOKSIN B1 PADA SARI KEDELAI OLEH SEL HIDUP DAN SEL MATI Lactobacillus acidophilus SNP-2 [Reduction of Aflatoxin B1 in Soymilk by Viable and Heat-killed Lactobacillus acidophilus SNP-2

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Tyas Utami1*

      2012-06-01

      Full Text Available Aflatoxins are carcinogenic mycotoxins that commonly contaminate foods and feed. There are many different forms of aflatoxin and its metabolites. Of these, aflatoxin B1 (AFB1 is the most prevalent and toxic. Lactobacillus acidophilus SNP-2 has previously been shown to remove AFB1 from liquid solution of phosphate saline buffer. However, the ability of lactic acid bacteria to reduce AFB1 content in soymilk has not been studied yet. The objective of this study was to investigate the ability of viable and heat-killed cells of L. acidophilus SNP-2 to reduce AFB1 in soymilk and fermented soymilk. Soymilk contaminated with Aspergillus flavus was inoculated with culture of L. acidophilus SNP-2, and incubated at 37C for 12 hours. Fermented soymilk, then, was heat sterilized and stored at cool room (4°C. Heat-killed cells were introduced to soy milk and then kept at cool room for 3 days. During soymilk fermentation, there was reduction of AFB1 content in soymilk related to the growth of lactic acid bacteria and the reduction of pH. The initial concentration of AFB1 in the soymilk was 4.9 ppb. Lactobacillus acidophilus SNP-2 reduced 67.58% of AFB1 in the soymilk after 12 hoursof fermentation. In cool environment, the binding of AFB1 to heat-killed cell after soymilk fermentation was relatively more stable than that of soymilk without fermentation.

    10. SENYAWA BIOAKTIF RIMPANG JAHE (Zingiber officinale Roscue MENINGKATKAN RESPON SITOLITIK SEL NK TERHADAP SEL KANKER DARAH K-562 IN VITRO [Ginger Root Bioactive Compounds Increased Cytolitic Response of Natural Killer (NK Cells Against Leucemic Cell Line K-562 In Vitro

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Fransiska Rungkat Zakaria 2

      2006-08-01

      Full Text Available Natural killer (NK cell, a kind of lymphocyte cells, plays an important role in attacking infectious, immature, and cancer cell. Its function could be modulated by food bioactive compounds. This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of ginger root bioactive compounds such as oleoresin, gingerol, and shogaol on cytolitic response of NK cell in vitro. Lymphocyte cells were isolated by centrifugation on ficoll-hypaque density (1,77 ?0,001 g/ml method. Leukemic cells line K-562 as target cells(TC labelled by [3H]-timidin, together with lymphocyte as effector cell (EC were cultured in two ratio levels of EC : TC equal to 1:50 and 1:100, and two culture conditions, for 4 hours, respectively. Paraquate dichloride (1,1-dimethyl-4,4-bipyridilium dichloride 3 mM was used to induce stress oxidative circumstance. Cytolytic capacity of NK cells was determined by percentage of TC lysed by NK cells, in normal and oxidative stress conditions. Statistical analysis showed that the effects of ginger bioactive compounds on cytolytic response of NK cell depended on the culture conditions, as shown by cultures in the presence of oleoresin, and gingerol, but not shogaol. In the lymphocyte culture without stress oxidative, oleoresin, gingerol and shogaol compounds increased significantly cytolytic response of NK cells cultured at a ratio of TC : EC equal to 1:50, with the highest increament of 65 % at oleoresin concentration of 50 ?g/ml. However, in culture at a ratio of TC : EC equals to 1:100, only oleoresin at a concentration of 50 ?g/ml increased significantly cytolytic response of NK cells with the highest increament of 8 %. Shogaol did not affect significantly NK cells cytolytic response. Under stress oxidative conditions, shogaol increased significantly cytolytic response of NK cells cultured at a ratio of TC:EC equal to 1:50, but the highest increament of 56 % , was by oleoresin at concentration of 50 ?g/ml. Meanwhile, oleoresin and gingerol did not increased significantly cytolytic response of NK cells. At a culture- ratio of TC: EC equal to 1:100, gingerol increased significantly cytolytic response of NK cells of 21 % at a concentration of 50 ?g/ml. However, oleoresin did not increased significantly cytolytic response of NK cells. In contrast, shogaol decreased significantly cytolytic response of NK cell with the highest decreament of 16 % at 200 ?g/ml. These findings verified that ginger root bioactive compounds increased cytolityc response of NK cells in destroying cancer cells, at certain conditions and concentrations, especially at low concentrations.

    11. PENGARUH EKSTRAK JAMU TERHADAP AKTIVITAS SEL NATURAL KILLER DALAM MELISIS ALUR SEL LEUKIMIA (K-562 SECARA IN VITRO [The Effects of Commercial “Jamu” Extracts on Natural Killer Cell Activity in Lysing Leukemic Cell Line (K-562 in vitro

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Elisa Veronica D.C. 2

      2002-04-01

      Full Text Available Natural killer (NK cell consitutes white blood cells which specifically functions in lysing tumor and virus invected cells. In this research, a commercial “Jamu” was tested to observe its effect on NK cells activity against leukemic cell lines (K562 in vitro. Jamu was extracted with hot water, diluted and added into cell cultures consisted of a mixture of human peripheric limphocyte cells, as the source of the effector NK cells, and K562 cell line i.e., the target cells which were cell line derived from human leukemia and had been labelled with H3-thymidine. The mixture of the cells were made by culturing the two cells at the ratio of 50:1 and 100 : 1, respectively. The results showed that lysing activity of NK cells in the presence of “Jamu” water extract measured as lysing percentage and lysing index increased only slightly, which were not statiscally significant. It should be considered that the test used in this research represents only a part of the lysing mechanism by NK cells against the target cells. An in vivo test for a period of time will be recessary to elucidate ffurther this NK cell activity.

    12. Studi Histopatologi Limpa Anjing Penderita Distemper Dikaitkan Dengan Sebaran Sel-Sel Radang Pada Otak Dan Paru (HISTOPHATOLOGICAL STUDY OF SPLEEN ON DOGS INFECTED WITH DISTEMPER ASSOCIATED TO INFLAMATION IN THE BRAIN AND LUNGS

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Muhamad Furkam Fadilah

      2015-08-01

      Full Text Available This study aim was to determine the distribution of inflammatory cells in canine distemper in terms of the level of inflammation in the spleen, brain and lungs. The sample used 20 infected dogs wihich from the spleens, brains, and lungs of the dogs were collected. These organs were processed for histophatological observation using harris hematoxilyn-eosyn stain. The inflammation of the organs examined by using binocular microscope with 200X magnification. the results showed that inflammation was observed in the spleens: 9 samples (45% showed the presence of lymphoidcells that experienced a mild inflammation 7 (35% moderate inflammation, and 4 (20% severe inflammation in brain, 3 samples (15% did not show observe inflammation, 12 (60% mild, 5(25% moderate inflammation, and not observed any severe inflammation in brain, pulmonary: 6(30% mild inflammation, 11 (55% moderate inflammation, and 3 (15% severe inflammation. It can be concluded that the inflammation was observed microscopically in the spleen, brain and lungin the dog that infected with canine distemper virus

    13. "en este aff ösel" in Visby : Ösel and Estland in the Gotlandic account books of Ivar Axelsson Tott 1585-87 and Sören Norby 1524-25 / Jan-Christian Schlüter

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Schlüter, Jan-Christian, 1979-

      2008-01-01

      Ojamaa ja Saaremaa kontaktidest on vähe teada perioodist Saksa ordu ja Rootsi kuningate valitsemisaja vahel. Ivar Axelsson Totti ja Sören Nörby arveraamatutes mainitud kohanimede seas on Eestiga seotud nimedel küllalt suur osakaal. Ka esineb kaptenite palgaarvetel Eestist pärit isikute nimesid

    14. Comparison of Different Techniques of Web GUI-based Testing with the Representative Tools Selenium and EyeSel

      OpenAIRE

      Jiang, Haozhen; Chen, Yi

      2017-01-01

      Context. Software testing is becoming more and more important in software development life-cycle especially for web testing. Selenium is one of the most widely used property-based Graph-User-Interface(GUI) web testing tools. Nevertheless, it also has some limitations. For instance, Selenium cannot test the web components in some specific plugins or HTML5 videos frame. But it is important for testers to verify the functionality of plugins or videos on the websites. Recently, the theory of the ...

    15. ANALISIS PERPUTARAN RADIASI SURYA TERHADAP KINERJA SEL FOTOLISTRIK SEBAGAI ENERGI RAMAH LINGKUNGAN DI NUSA PENIDA KABUPATEN KLUNGKUNG PROVINSI BALI

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      I N. Suastaka

      2015-08-01

      Full Text Available Photoelectric cells is an equipment made of semiconductor material of Silicone (Si14 functioned to catchand converse sun light to become electric energy directly. Through photoelectric phenomenon, that sun lightas particles with frequency/wavelength of certain light can release electrons in a material. This electrons’movement can produce electric current. The aim of this research was to find out the performance of aphotoelectric cells collector in conversing sun light to become electric energy due to the rotation of solarradiation in Nusa Penida.The research was conducted at PLTS electric home solar system Nusa Penida for 5 days the measurementto the parameter of Current (Isc and Voltage (Vsc. Each measurement had duration of lighting for 8 hourseach from 09.00 until 16.00 Central Indonesian Time, with time interval of 30 minutes. Measurement anddata analysis produced in the research on Saturday, June 29th 2013 obtained: the amount of solar radiationarrived at earth’s outer atmosphere was 1321.90 W/m2, and passed along to earth’s surface at 621.29 W/m2,and received by photoelectric cells collector as heat power at 113.63 Watt, and efficiency produced was 25.3%,and electric power produced was 28.74 Watt, and can be equalized with fossil energy of 0.0237 liter ofgasoline, or equivalent to 106.65 rupiah. It meant that, photoelectric cells collector with area of 50 x 110cm2in a day can protect earth from global warming of 28.74 Watt, in using of fossil energy at 0.0237 liter ofgasoline.The efficient performance of photoelectric cells was still considered small. In order to achieve big capacityof electric power required a lot of collector modules and large area, so that with the growing of semiconductortechnology, it is expected that whenever possible it can reduce electron binding energy on material, andoptimize solar lighting system to photoelectric cells collector modules, so that the efficient performance ofphotoelectric cells can be expected to be above 90%.

    16. Investigation of cultural intelligence levels of Selçuk University Erasmus students who have been abroad

      OpenAIRE

      DEMIREL, Havva; DEMIR, Hayri

      2018-01-01

      Erasmus exchange program, which started in 1987 in Europe and in whichTurkey started participating in 2004, aims at increasing the quality of highereducation in Europe and the mobility among teaching staff. The purpose of thepresent study is defining the levels of adapting cultural differences in foreigncountries and establishing effective communication of Selcuk Universitystudents, who have been abroad through Erasmus Program. Data of the study werecollected from 122 students, who have been ...

    17. Traitement du foisonnement filamenteux dû à Microthrix parvicella par ajout de sels métalliques

      OpenAIRE

      Durban, N.; Juzan, L.; Krier, J.; Héduit, A.; Gillot, S.

      2012-01-01

      National audience; Les dysfonctionnements biologiques dus au développement de bactéries filamenteuses posent de nombreux problèmes d’exploitation aux stations d'épuration du type boues activées. Le filament le plus souvent mis en cause dans ce type de dysfonctionnement en France est Microthrix parvicella. La solution curative la plus utilisée actuellement est la chloration, traitement efficace mais non spécifique, qui impacte également la biologie des boues activées. Une solution émergente co...

    18. Kuidas toetate sel õppeaastal oma valla koolilapsi? / Külle Viks, Helen Metsma, Aivar Surva...[jt.

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      2009-01-01

      Küsimusele vastavad: Türi vallavalitsuse haridusspetsialist Külle Viks, Sõmerpalu valla lastekaitse ja sotsiaaltoetuste spetsialist Helen Metsma, Mäetaguse vallavanem Aivar Surva, Rapla abivallavanem Imbi Kalberg, Kärdla linna haridusnõunik Juta Alev, Albu vallavalitsuse sotsiaalnõunik Claire Miljukova, Võru linnavalitsuse haridusspetsialist Kristi Aavakivi

    19. Uji Aktivitas Antiproliferasi Formula Liposom Ekstrak Etanol Kunyit (Curcuma domestica Terhadap Sel Kanker Payudara T47D

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      Gabriella Pasaribu

      2016-04-01

      Full Text Available Breast cancer is one of deadliest diseases in the world. Turmeric extract was known to have antiproliferative activity. To minimize its toxicity, turmeric extract was encapsulated with liposome, a vesicle lipid bilayer that was functioned as cancer drug carrier in body. This research aimed to determine encapsulation effect of turmeric extract against antiproliferative activity in T47D breast cancer cells through in vitro assay. Liposomes was made using thin layer method and particle size was reduced by extrusion. Materials that was used phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol, and turmeric extract. Optimization of liposomes was made in three formulations with different extract concentrations. The most optimal formulation was formulation with less extract and physical parameters which have smallest precipitates and longest settling time. Evaluation liposome particle size and zeta potential were used DLS, morphology was used TEM, and entrapment efficiency was used dialysis. The most optimal formulation was tested their antiproliferative activity compared with not encapsulated extracts used 3-(4,5-dimethylazole-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT method. The result showed that there was antiproliferative activity in encapsulated extracts. IC50 encapsulated extracts was 45.762 μg/ml and IC50 extracts was 36.399 μg/ml. Liposome particle size was below 445 nm. Zeta potential was -7.51 mV. Morphology was LUV and MVV. Entrapment efficiency was 63.80%. It could be concluded that encapsulation of turmeric extract into liposome could reduce its toxicity against cancer cells.

    20. Evaluasi Kesesuaian Lahan Untuk Tanaman Kopi Arabika ( Coffea arabica ) di Dusun Paman Similir Desa Telagah Kecamatan Sel Bingei Kabupaten Langkat

      OpenAIRE

      Toruan, EIizabeth L.

      2013-01-01

      Land evaluation as the way to predict the land potention to many using. This analysis purpose to know the land appropriate in the village Pamah Similir distric of Sei Bingei regency on Langkat to the effectiveness of coffee plant until the sub class. This observation done at village Pamah Sirnilir district on Sei Bingei regency of Langkat. And begin from August 2004. This analysis begin from bibliografi research, collecting the data and completed the equipment that used in analysis, the...

    1. Studi Standarisasi Radioterapi Cobalt-60 Terhadap Kuantitas Sel Darah Pada Penderita Kanker Serviks (Cancer Cervics Di Rsup Sanglah Denpasar

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      Retianingsih Oeta Ulan

      2017-09-01

      Full Text Available After doing research with Title Study of Cobalt-60 radiotherapy Standards Against Quantity Blood Cells In Patients with Cervical Cancer (Cancer Cervics at Sanglah Hospital in Denpasar. This study uses secondary data such as a complete blood from each patient with cervical cancer in 2015 that radiotherapy with fractionation method. The amount of patient data used in this study is 5 pieces. The quantity of blood cells that are analyzed include RBC, HGB, WBC and WBC Components (LY, EO, EO, BA, NE, MO. Fractionation dose is 800-5800cGy. The results of data analysis showed that each blood cell components are still within the range of 2-50%, so a method of radiotherapy is still fit for use.

    2. PENGARUH KOMPETENSI, AKUNTABILITAS, DAN ETIKA AUDITOR TERHADAP KUALITAS AUDIT (Studi Kasus Pada Perwakilan BPKP Provinsi Sul-Sel)

      OpenAIRE

      TANDIRERUNG, GLORIA

      2015-01-01

      2015 Pengaruh Kompetensi, Akuntabilitas, dan Etika Auditor terhadap Kualitas Audit (Studi Kasus Pada Perwakilan BPKP Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan) The Effect of Competence, Accountability, and Auditor Ethic on the Audit Quality (Case Study at BPKP Representative in South Sulawesi Province) Gloria Tandirerung Arifuddin Mushar Mustafa Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menemukan bukti empiris bahwa kompetensi, a...

    3. USA ja Iraak püüavad jõuda sel aastal vägede lepinguni / Kaivo Kopli

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Kopli, Kaivo

      2008-01-01

      USA ja Iraak püüavad enne 31. juulit sõlmida lepingu, mis käsitleb USA vägede viibimist Iraagis. Washington Posti andmeil on valitsused loobunud laiahaardelise ja pikaajalise vägede lepingu sõlmimisest, keskendudes nn. sillakavale, mis oleks üleminekuleping ja peaks võimaldama USA sõjaliste operatsioonide jätkamist pärast ÜRO mandaadi lõppu. Lisa: USA taandub roheliset tsoonist?

    4. Pengaruh Lendir Bekicot (Achatina fulica terhadap Jumlah Sel Fibroblas pada Penyembuhan Luka Sayat Studi Eksperimental pada Kulit Mencit (Mus musculus

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Perez Wahyu Purnasari

      2012-12-01

      Design and methods: The study is an experimental research with post test only randomized control group design. The subjects were 18 Mus musculus strain mice that were divided into 3 groups. 1st group as a control group of untreated, 2nd group was given povidone iodine 10%, and 3rd group was given land snails’ mucus during 5th days. On the 6th day the mices were killed for histological study. Results: The data showed that average number of fibroblast in 1st group is 93,85; 2nd group is 126,37; and 3rd is group 217,5. The results of one way anova statistical test showed significant difference among the three groups p = 0,000. The results of post hoc test showed significant difference in all groups (p < 0,05. Conclusion: The mucus of land snail is influence the number of fibroblast in healing cuts (Sains Medika, 4(2:195-203.

    5. An Integrated Approach to Universal Prevention: Independent and Combined Effects of PBIS and SEL on Youths' Mental Health

      Science.gov (United States)

      Cook, Clayton R.; Frye, Megan; Slemrod, Tal; Lyon, Aaron R.; Renshaw, Tyler L.; Zhang, Yanchen

      2015-01-01

      Mental health among children and adolescents is a growing national concern and schools have taken center stage in efforts to prevent problems and promote wellness. Although research and policymakers support the integration of mental health services into the schools, there is limited agreement on the ways to package or combine existing supports to…

    6. Identifikasi Sifat dan Distribusi Sel Endokrin Ghrelin di Lambung Tikus (Rattus Norvegicus: Studi Immunohis-Tokimia pada Kondisi Obesitas

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Teguh Budipitojo

      2016-06-01

      Full Text Available Obesity is one of major nutritional problems in the world. Obesity is very dangerous, especially when concentrated in the abdomen, because it is closely linked to various diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, which can to causing death. This study aims to identify the nature and distribution of ghrelin on gastric endocrine cells in the obese rat (Rattus norvegicus by using immunohistochemical techniques. The results will strengthen the understanding of the role and function of ghrelin as an alternative therapeutic target on obesity. The research used gastric tissues of ten obese and control rats which were stained with avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex method of immunohistochemistry. The results showed the existence of two types of ghrelin-producing cells (open and closed types on the gastric mucosa of control rats, and only one type of ghrelin producing cells (open type in obese rats. The intensity of ghrelin immunoreactive positive cells was detected weak in obese rats, but very strong in control rats. Ghrelin endocrine cells mainly distributed in the basal part of the gastric mucosa of the fundus parts, with a very small number in obese rats, but highly abundant in control rats. This study confirmed the decrease of the ghrelin synthesis and secretion in obese rat (Rattus norvegicus at the cellular level. The decrease of ghrelin synthesis is characterized by a reduction on the number of ghrelin producing cells, the disappearance of the close type of ghrelin producing cells, and the low activity of protein synthesis in the ghrelin producing cells. Ghrelin endocrine cells distributed mainly in the basal part of the gastric mucosa, especially in the fundus parts.

    7. Suplementasi Hormon Gonadotropin Pada Medium Maturasi In Vitro Untuk Meningkatkan Perkembangan Embrio Stadium 4 Sel Kambing Bligon

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      Dewi Pranatasari

      2016-06-01

      Full Text Available The study was carried out to investigate the effect of gonadotropin hormone supplementation into in vitro maturation medium on maturation, fertilization and embryo development of Bligon goats. This research steps consist of oocyte collection, in vitro maturation, in vitro fertilization, and in vitro embryo development. At the maturation stage the oocyte that had been collected and divided into two groups based on the maturation medium, that was tissue culture medium (TCM with supplementation of GnRH 0 IU/mL and GnRH 25 IU/mL. Oocyte and embryo morphology data were analyzed descriptively. Maturation rate and embryo development data were analyzed by using independent sample t-test. Fertilization data was analyzed descriptively. The result showed the percentages of mature oocytes from gonadotropin supplementation of 0 IU/mL and 25 IU/mL were 54.10±25.97 and 54.89±26.44%, respectively. Expansion cumulus cells surrounding the oocytes might indicated the mature oocytes. Cleavage rate of the 2 cells stage were 13,02±11,09 and 27,01±16,65%; respectively, and for the 4 cells stage were 10,16±10,01% and 16,67±14.91%. Embryos obtained from the treatment, indicated uniform of blastomeres in the size, tight, compact, intact, and round-spherical shape. It could be concluded that supplementation of gonadotropin hormone into in vitro maturation medium could not increase the rate of oocyte maturation and 4 cell embryo development, but it could increase 2 cell embryo development of Bligon goats. Hormone supplementation could improved the maturation and embryo quality.

    8. Principle of gas storage in salt caverns; Principe du stockage de gaz en cavites creusees dans le sel

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Durup, J.G. [Mining Research Institute, CA (United States)]|[Gaz de France (GDF), 75 - Paris (France)

      2001-08-15

      The principle of the exploitation of a gas storage cavity is analogue to the one of a cylinder of compressed gas. Such a reservoir has remarkable dimensions with a volume of several thousands of m{sup 3}, a height of few hundred meters and a diameter of about 100 m. The mechanical resistance with respect to the gas pressure is ensured by the 'pre-stress' corresponding to the weight of the geologic strata. Salt (halite) is the ideal material for the digging out of such facilities because of its excellent tightness, its solubility in water (allowing the dissolution digging technique), and its good mechanical resistance. Natural gas storage is in general performed in natural porous and permeable environments, like depleted hydrocarbon fields or aquifers. The storage in salt caverns has the advantage of allowing important emission flow rates with respect to the quantities of immobilized gases. In some Northern Europe countries, like Germany, the salt deposits are well developed and abundant, in particular near the North Sea and its important natural gas fields. In France, there exists 3 gas storage sites in salt caverns, with about 40 cavities as a whole. This document briefly presents the main elements of the gas storage technique in salt caverns: characteristics and geology of salt deposits, geo-technique, wells, dissolution digging, gas injection and exploitation. (J.S.)

    9. Problemy razvitija sel'skoj mestnosti Severo-Vostochnoj Germanii [Rural areas of Eastern Germany: modern challenges

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Levchenkov Andrei

      2012-01-01

      Full Text Available After the German reunification the agricultural development of eastern territories seemed to have picked up its pace. Yet the main problems those territories are facing today hatched already in the mid-1990s. In our study we address the problems and challenges that hinder sustainable development of East German rural areas. We analyse agricultural statistics and describe the structure of agricultural enterprises, land-use, and other critical dimensions of agriculture. We discuss pros and cons of modern rural areas spatial planning policy and take a critical look at the current status of rural areas. We also put forward a number of concrete proposals aimed at the development of the area and counteracting the negative trends it is now experiencing. Even taking into account all ‘positive’ development trends that are postulated to have occurred since the unification, we underline the crucial necessity of diversification of labour forces and of changing the spatial planning policies in the rural areas of East Germany.

    10. Water Seri raskused partnerite kanda. Tõehetk sel nädalal / Alyona Stadnik ; kommenteerinud Tõnis Kurrik, Enno Heringson

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Stadnik, Alyona

      2011-01-01

      Sindi Vesi muutis kuu pärast riigihanke väljakuulutamist linna vee- ja kanalisatsioonitorustike hanke tingimust, täitmistagatise garantii tuleb esitada 28 päeva jooksul pärast lepingule allakirjutamist. Töid alustanud Water Ser Lääne-Eesti pole siiani garantiid esitanud. Vt. ka: Stadnik, Alyona. Water Ser esitas Sindi projektile garantiipaberi. Äripäev 26. mai, lk. 9

    11. KEMATIAN TAHANAN DI RUANG SEL POLISI KONTROVERSI PEMBUNUHAN ATAU BUNUH DIRI DILIHAT DARI SUDUT PANDANG ILMU KEDOKTERAN FORENSIK

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Rika Susanti

      2012-05-01

      Full Text Available AbstrakKematian tahanan cukup sering ditemukan, beberapa cara mati dapat terjadi. Kasus yang banyak adalah cara mati dengan bunuh diri. Tugas dokter dalam menangani kasus kematian yang diotopsi adalah untuk menentukan sebab mati dan mekanisme mati, sedangkan cara mati adalah kewenangan penyidik. Pada kematian akibat asfiksia mekanik, akan ditemukan ciri umum yang sama, tetapi dokter dapat memperkirakan jenis asfiksia dari gambaran luka yang ditemukan tubuh korban.Dua kakak beradik, laki-laki, umur masing-masing 18 tahun dan 15 tahun ditemukan dalam keadaan tergantung di runag tahanan polisi. Otopsi dilakukan antara 24-48 jam post mortem. Pada pemeriksaan ditemukan luka lecet tekan dengan pola sesuai kasus gantung dileher dan beberapa luka lecet dan memar dianggota gerak terutama anggota gerak bawah. Kuku berwarna keunguan, daerah leher dan wajah berwarna lebih gelap. Tubuh kedua korban sudah mulai membusuk. Pada pemeriksaan dalam ditemukan memar pada otot leher, tanda-tanda mati lemas pada beberapa organ, sedangkan pada bagian tubuh lain tidak ditemukan tanda-tanda kekerasan.Sebab kematian kekerasan tumpul dileher karena ditemukan tanda-tanda intravitalitas luka, dan tanda- tanda asfiksia pada tubuh korban, pola luka dileher sesuai pola gantung. Tidak ditemukan tanda kekerasan lain yang bisa menyebabkan kematian. Beberapa luka lecet dengan umur yang berbeda-beda ditemukan di ekstremitas hal ini bisa disebabkan oleh berbagai kekerasan tumpul. Kasus ini menjadi kontroversi karena kematian di tahanan dianggap ada kelalain petugas, dan korban adalah usia anak dan kakak beradik.Kata kunci : kematian di tahanan-asfiksis mekanik-cara matiAbstractDeath of prisoner quite often find in several methods. The most case of death are by suicide method. Physician role in autopsy is to found cause of death and death mechanism, whereas death method is authority of investigating officer. Death caused by mechanical asphyxia will find the same general characteristic, but physician can estimated kind of asphyxia from wound appearance in victim body.LAPORAN KASUS113Two siblings, boys, 18 years old and 15 years old, have found in hanging position in prison. Autopsy has done between 24-48 hours postmortem. In examination, we find pressure abrasion wound in pattern appropriate with hanging case in neck and some of abrasion and bruise wound in extremity, especially inferior extremity. Nails color are purplish, color of neck and face are darker. Victim body has started to decay. In inside examination, we find bruise in neck muscle, shown evidence of dead cause asphyxia in some organs, whereas in other part of body did not find sign of force.Cause of death is blunt wound in neck because we find a sign of intra-vitality injury and asphyxia sign in victim body, pattern of wound in neck are appropriate hanging pattern. We did not find other force sign which cause a death. Some of abrasion wound with different age find in extremity, and this case can caused by many blunt wound.This case be a controversial because death in prison considered by dereliction of officer, and as we know, victim are children and sibling.Key word: Death in prisoner-asphyxia-dead method

    12. Oceanic hydraulic structures for developing a shelf. Issledovaniye morskikh gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy dlya osvoyenia sel'fa

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Simakov, G.B.

      1980-01-01

      The anthology is devoted to practical problems of oceanic hydraulic engineering which arise during design and construction of specialized oceanic hydraulic structures to be erected and used in the shelf zones of seas and oceans. Most of the articles deal with studying the external effect of rough waters, impacts from ships and ice floes on floating and stationary hydraulic structures for developing a shelf. A great deal of attention is also given to the hydrodynamic and anchoring of floating hydraulic structures. The information reflects the current status of the problems of designing and building production facilities for developing a continental shelf.

    13. Polimorfisme Gen MMP-9, Ekspresi MMP-9, dan Indeks Apoptosis Sel Serviks pada Kehamilan 21–36 Minggu

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Udin Sabarudin

      2011-12-01

      Full Text Available Over expression and premature activation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP can lead to degradation of amnion chorionic membrane which clinically called premature rupture of membrane (PROM. Increasing MMP activity caused by matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9 gene polymorphism (C-1562T will be followed by apoptosis. This study was aimed to find the differences between MMP-9 expression and cervical apoptotic index (AI and also MMP-9 (C-1562T polymorphism on 21–36 weeks of pregnancy with or without PROM. This was case control study and conducted in Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital and Bandung Networking Hospitals (May−November 2009. There were no significant correlation between MMP-9 expression and cervical AI in every variable on both groups. Three cases of PROM were found in mothers below 20 years of age. Women with 28−34 weeks of pregnancy had a greater risk for PROM than 21−28 weeks. Pregnant women with body mass index (BMI 19−26, had risk to have PROM. Only one sample that showed a MMP-9 (C-1562T polymorphism in the premature labor with PROM group. It can be concluded that there are no significant correlation between MMP-9 expression and cervical cells AI on both groups as well as MMP-9 (C-1562T polymorphism which can alter MMP-9 expression.

    14. Docetaxel Hidrat Menghambat Proliferasi dan Metastasis Sel Kanker Oral SP-C1 melalui Induksi Protein Maspin

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Supriatno Supriatno

      2013-07-01

      Full Text Available Human oral tongue cancer (SP-C1 is thought to be a high grade malignancy. Despite advances in surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and combination therapy, prognosis and survival of patients with human tongue cancer have not significantly improved over the past several decades. Treatment options for recurrent or refractory tongue cancer are limited. Therefore, as a strategy for refractory cancer, anti-mitotic chemotherapy and its mechanisms are of considerable interest, including those using docetaxel hydrate for inducing maspin protein. In the current study, the mechanisms responsible for growth suppression and metastasis of SP-C1 by docetaxel hydrate through induction of maspin regulation were investigated. To evaluate in vitro cell proliferation and cell metastasis, MTT and out-growth assays were performed, respectively. Furthermore, the expression of maspin mediated by docetaxel hydrate was analysed by Western blotting. The results showed that treatment with 50 g/ml docetaxel hydrate significantly suppressed SP-C1 cell growth from day 1. Strong inhibition of metastasis of SP-C1 cells was also shown by treatment with 50 g/ml of docetaxel hydrate. Moreover, a significant induction of maspin regulation was detected in cells treated with 10 and 50 g/ml of docetaxel hydrate. However, the same protein level was demonstrated in -tubulin expression. These findings suggest that docetaxel hydrate may have potential for powerful anti-mitotic chemotherapy through induction of maspin regulation.DOI: 10.14693/jdi.v15i1.77

    15. Kogu Eestimaa internetiseerimise kava jääb sel aastal veel lõpetamata / Margus Konnula

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Konnula, Margus, 1974-

      2007-01-01

      Interneti leviala ei ole veel jõudnud Vormsi saarele ega Mahtra külla, projekti Külatee 3 raames otsitakse nn. leviaukudele veel lahendusi. Internetiportaali www.WiFi.ee toimetaja Veljo Haameri väitel on Eestis tuhandeid probleemseid kohti ning Eesti ei ole kindlasti maailma juhtriik inimeste "digitaalses kaasamises". Kaart: Kõue interneti leviala

    16. Identifikasi Urat (Vein) Sulfida Menggunakan Metode Induksi Polarisasi di Daerah Kemawi

      OpenAIRE

      Wibowo, Alamsyah

      2014-01-01

      Metode induksi polarisasi merupakan pengembangan dari metode tahanan jenis yang didasarkan pada pengukuran efek polarisasi yang terjadi akibat induksi arus. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan pengolahan, analisis dan interpretasi data pengukuran induksi polarisasi untuk mengidentifikasi sebaran mineralisasi sulfida pada daerah Kemawi, Jawa Tengah. Data yang digunakan berjumlah 11 lintasan dengan spasi 200 meter antar lintasan dan spasi elektroda 50 meter. Pengukuran dilakukan dalam domain...

    17. Kavunda ebeveyn hat ile melezlerinin bazı tohum ve tohum çıkışı özelliklerinin belirlenmesi

      OpenAIRE

      TUR, Ayşegül; SEYMEN, Musa; TÜRKMEN, Önder

      2018-01-01

      Bu çalışma, 2015-2016 yıllarında yürütülmüş ve bitkisel materyal olarak, 13 genotip (SÇ-1: Sel-1-1. SÇ-2: Sel-1-2. SÇ-3: Sel-2. SÇ-4: Sel-3. SÇ-5: Sel-4. SÇ-6: Sel-6-1. SÇ-7: Sel-6-2. SÇ-8: Sel-7. SÇ-9: Sel-8. SÇ-10: Sel-9. SÇ-11: Sel-10. SÇ-12: Sel-11. SÇ-13: Pop. Diyarbakır). 4 ebeveyn hat (EB-1: saf hat-7. EB-2: saf hat-A4. EB-3: saf hat-G22. EB-4: saf hat-136) ve 9 melez (M-1: safhat 7xsafhat-136. M-2: safhat-7xsafhat-A4. M-3: safhat-7xsafhat-G22. M-4: safhat-G22xsafhat-136. M-5: safhat-G...

    18. Micro Computer Feedback Report for the Strategic Leader Development Inventory

      Science.gov (United States)

      1993-05-01

      POS or NEG variables CALL CREATE MEM DIR ;make a memory directory JC SELS ;exat I error CALL SELECT-SCREEN ;dlsplay select screen JC SEL4 ;no flles in...get keyboaI Input CMP AL,1Bh3 ;ls I an Esc key ? JNZ SEL2 ;X not goto nrod test G-95 JMP SEL4 ;Exit SEL2: CMP AL,OOh Iskapick? JZ SEL ;I YES exit loop...position CALL READ DATE ;gat DOS daoe od 4e CALL F4ND -ERO ;kxlae OW In data ue JC SEL.5 SEL4 : CALL RELEASE MEM DIR ;release meu block CLC ;cler carry fag

    19. Micro Computer Feedback Report for the Strategic Leader Development Inventory; Source Code

      Science.gov (United States)

      1994-03-01

      SEL5 ;exit if error CALL SELZCT SCRZEN ;display select screen JC SEL4 ;no files in directory .------- display the files NOV BX, [BarPos] ;starting...SEL2 ;if not goto next test imp SEL4 ; Ecit SEL2: CUP AL,ODh ;in it a pick ? 3Z SEL3 ;if YES exit loop ------- see if an active control key was...file CALL READCOMFIG eread file into memory JC SEL5 ;exit to main menu CALL OPEN DATA FILE ;is data arailable? SEL4 : CALL RELEASE_ _MDR ;release mom

    20. Information Management System for Electronic Voting In Support of the Schieffelin Award for Excellence in Teaching

      Science.gov (United States)

      2001-09-01

      oldz3 decimal(5,3), @sel1 decimal(5,3), @sel2 decimal(5,3), @sel3 decimal(5,3), @ sel4 decimal(5,3), @sel5 decimal(5,3), @sel6 decimal(5,3...tnpSchieffelinHistory WHERE EmployeeID = @s4 and CalendarYear = @year SET @ sel4 = @z4formula + @oldsel4 UPDATE tnpSchieffelinHistory SET...SelectedOnBallotScore = @ sel4 WHERE EmployeeID = @s4 and CalendarYear = @year 345 END

    1. Kelimpahan dan Keanekaragaman Plankton di Perairan Selat Bali (Plankton Abundance and Diversity in the Bali Strait

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ruly Isfatul Khasanah

      2013-12-01

      Full Text Available Fitoplankton mempunyai peran sangat penting dalam suatu perairan, selain berada pada dasar rantai makanan sedangkan zooplankton merupakan herbivor pemangsanya. Penelitian mengenai kelimpahan dan keanekaragaman plankton di perairan Selat Bali dilakukan pada musim peralihan II (Nopember 2012 dan musim barat (Pebruari 2013. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengamati perbedaan kelimpahan dan keanekaragaman plankton pada dua musim angin muson. Sampel air diambil dengan menggunakan water sampler sedangkan sampel plankton diambil secara horisontal dan vertikal  pada kedalaman 1 m dan 20 m dengan jaring plankton Kitahara bermata jaring 20 µm. Hasil pengukuran nutrien pada musim peralihan II memiliki kadar fosfat, nitrat, bahan organik, silikat dan klorofil-a lebih tinggi dibandingkan pada musim barat. Informasi tersebut memperkuat indikasi adanya perpindahan massa air dari lapisan yang lebih dalam ke lapisan yang lebih dangkal. Nutrien fosfat dan nitrat diperlukan untuk mempertahankan fungsi membran sel dan silikia dibutuhkan untuk pembentukan dinding sel terutama pada diatom. Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan bahwa kelas diatom (Bacillariophyceae mencapai 95,9 % dari total jenis dan kelimpahan fitoplankton seluruh stasiun penelitian, sisanya berasal dari genus Dinophyceae. Kelimpahan fitoplankton tertinggi terjadi pada musim peralihan II dengan Rhizosolenia stolterfothii sebesar 51.405 sel.L-1 (80,1%, sedangkan pada musim barat copepoda ditemukan melimpah sebesar 8.178 ind.L-1 (88,3 %. Hasil ini mengindikasikan bahwa dengan kelimpahan plankton yang ditemukan perairan Selat Bali dinilai cukup potensial untuk mendukung kehidupan biota laut pelagis. Kata kunci: plankton, selat Bali, rhizosolenia stolterfothii, muson   Abstract Phytoplankton has important role as primary producer in the sea and act as base of food chain while zooplankton act as herbivore prey on them. Research on abundance and diversity of plankton at Bali Strait was performed during

    2. Milline on sel nädalal 15. tegevusaastat tähistava Võrumaa omavalitsusliidu positsioon viie aasta pärast? / interv. Arved Breidaks

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      2008-01-01

      Küsimusele vastavad regionaalminister Siim-Valmar Kiisler, parlamendiliige Kalvi Kõva, ettevõtja Tiit Niilo, Võru linnavolikogu esimees Tõnu Anton ja maaomavalitsuste liidu esimees Kurmet Müürsepp

    3. Non-Invasive Detection of Lactate as a Biomarker of Response using Spectral Selective Multiple Quantum Editing Sequence (SS-SelMQC)

      Science.gov (United States)

      2013-11-01

      phantoms with known concentrations (Lac with without Gd-DTPA doping , and Lac/Lip solutions). Once the RF coils are optimized, signal to noise (SNR...cylindrical phantoms (10mm and 15mm diameter) with 5, 15 and 30 mM lactate/ saline doped with and without 25 μΜ Gd-DPTA solutions. For Lac/Lip...approach to lactate production in human skeletal muscle during exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2000;32:756–63. 51. Maekawa M, Sudo K, Li SS, Kanno T

    4. GLUTAMIN MEMPERCEPAT WAKTU PEMULIHAN JUMLAH SEL LIMFOSIT LIEN SETELAH AKTIVITAS FISIK MAKSIMAL PADA MENCIT (GLUTAMINE SHORTENS RECOVERY TIME OF LIEN LYMPHOCYTES AFTER EXCESSIVE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN MICE

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      I Made Jawi

      2007-06-01

      Full Text Available The immunologic? system? of the body requires? suitable recovery time after? excessive physical? activity. The recovery? time of spleen lymphocytes after? excessive? physical activity? in one? investigation was? 3? days. The? aim? of this? research is to identify?the role of? glutamine? in shortening? the recovery time of? spleen? lymphocytes? after?excessive physical activity. The? study? was conducted? on? 70? adults? Balb/c mice which? were? divided? into? 7? groups, with? a randomized control? group post-test? only design. In this? study? an observation? was made on? spleen? lymphocytes? of control, after? excessive? physical activity(in the the? form of swimming? until? near? drowning with glutamine,? without glutamine ?and? after? the? recovery time of 1 and 2 days? of? each of? the 10 mice. Spleen? lymphocytes? were? counted in spleen preparation by mikroskop. The data obtained were tested? by? one way Anova. The findings? showed? that the number of spleen? lymphocytes significantly decrease after? excessive? physical activity?? in the?glutamine? and? non glutamine groups ( p < 0,05.The number of spleen? lymphocytes? was? not different as compered to control group or returned? to normal after recovery? time? of 1? day? in? the? glutamine group (p > 0,05 .?In the nonglutamine group the number of spleen lymphocytes was different from control group until 2 days (p<0,05 . From this finding it can be concluded that glutamine? shortens the recovery time of spleen lymphocytes? after? excessive? physical activity in mice.

    5. Nostalgisk erindring og polar karrierehistorie. Fridtjof Nansen: Blant sel og bjørn: min første ishavs-ferd (1924

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Silje Solheim Karlsen

      2012-05-01

      Full Text Available In Fridtjof Nansens Hunting & adventure in the Arctic (1924, the last polar travel account Nansen wrote, he writes about his first experience with the Arctic; when he as a young student in 1882 joined the sealboat Viking to the sealing grounds outsideGreenland. The account is a polyphonic book where both the young student and the 63 year old scientist and polar hero alternately speaks. The young Nansen seems overwhelmed by the Arctic surroundings, he tells enthusiastically of ice, polar bears, hunting and the sealing. The old scientist explains the nature and whole fauna in the Arctic, supported by his own experiences and all research available. The result is, on the one hand, a nostalgic travelbook which also functions as a memoir over the totalof Nansen´s Arctic travels and expeditions. On the other hand, the convincing andthorough scientific material in the book positions Nansen as an authority both what regards science, but perhaps just as important: as a successful polar explorer and hero.

    6. Want onsen meyster Akarijn sel dair om lesen in sijn boeken. Een speurtocht naar de geheimzinnige tovermeester Akarijn in Reynaerts historie, vss. 5297-5298

      DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

      Robbe, Joost Roger

      2011-01-01

      This article presents a literary investigation into the meaning and origin of the name Akarijn in Reynaerts historie, vs. 5297. Although it is often assumed that the title meyster in meyster Akarijn refers to a wizard, until now, no convincing interpretation of the name Akarijn has been put forward....... In this article, it is argued that the name Akarijn refers to the local saint Aicard of Jumièges, the patron saint of the insane, who enjoyed particular reverence in Hainaut and the South of Flanders. This thesis does not contradict with the definition of meyster as ‘wizard’; the wizard in the text, who is called...... upon to help Reynaert locate his lost treasures, is himself a symbol for Saint Aicard of Jumieges, who is called upon to help the desperate locate their sanity. Through the representation of saints as wizards, the author of Reynaerts historie offers a powerful indictment of the excessive adoration...

    7. Study of trans-uranian incineration in molten salt reactor; Etude de l'incineration des transuraniens en reacteur a sel fondu

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Valade, M

      2000-10-27

      With the emergence of new options for nuclear power, molten salt reactors are envisaged for waste management. The aim of this thesis is to show how molten salt reactors can help to solve the transuranics issue. Their high versatility regarding to isotopic vector allows to accommodate large fractions of minor actinides as compared to solid fuel system. In this thesis, a neutronics study of molten salt reactors, MSR, has been conducted. For this purpose, two reference systems were considered, TIER1 and AMSTER. In the case of TIER1, an optimisation was made to reach an equilibrium. The analysis of both systems showed the main characteristics of MSR: their link to chemistry and on line reprocessing. In this work, several methods to drive the system to a state of equilibrium have been implemented and compared. During this process the isotopic composition and neutron spectrum, thus the nuclear reaction cross sections, vary tremendously. It is essential to take these evolutions into account in order to accurately estimate the equilibrium state. This has been accomplished inside the multi-recycling procedure we set with ERANOS. A dedicated calculation schema has been realized to simulate superthermal systems with this computation code. These results were checked through a benchmark against other computer codes. Then, with multi-recycling method, several molten salt systems have been compared in order to define the optimal reactor for transuranics incineration. Nevertheless, a final choice can not only be done using only neutronics characteristics since chemistry and thermal-hydraulics constraints are really important for MSR. Moreover, a complete safety study would be required. (author)

    8. Desain Kontrol Multi – Input DC–DC Converter Sistem Hibrid Turbin Angin dan Sel Surya Menggunakan Kontrol Fuzzy Logic untuk Tegangan Rendah

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Feby Agung Pamuji

      2015-09-01

      Full Text Available this paper describes a hybrid system that consist of Wind Turbines and Photovoltaic to supply electricity continuously for load. Output of Wind Turbines and Photovoltaic is controlled in order to generate maximum power. Multiple-input dc-dc converters is used to control power flow in order to have MPP (Maximum Power Point. Converter control using Fuzzy logic controller to control the output in order to be obtained MPP (Maximum Power Point from Wind Turbines and Photovoltaic, so the efficiency of wind turbines and photovoltaic can be improved.

    9. Evaluación de un modelo de la brdf a partir de simulaciones con modelos semi-empíricos lineales (sel

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Edgardo Rafael Medrano Ruedaflores

      2013-07-01

      Full Text Available Los modelos semi-empíricos lineales, también conocidos como modelos lineales basados en kernels, han sido utilizados con relativo éxito en la derivación de parámetros biofísicos de la vegetación a partir de imágenes satelitales. Su construcción se basa en hipótesis difíciles de corroborar y su calibración demanda suponer condiciones de homogeneidad en el sistema suelo-vegetación-atmósfera. Un modelo de la BRDF libre de estas limitaciones es evaluado en este estudio simulando el proceso de dispersión de la radiación solar según diferentes configuraciones de cobertura terrestre. Los datos fueron generados mediante la implementación de cuatro modelos lineales basados en kernels. Se evaluó el ajuste del modelo en cada escenario simulado a través de regresión lineal simple, obteniéndose valores del coeficiente de determinación superiores a 0.98. Los resultados sugieren que es posible utilizar el modelo evaluado en aplicaciones donde actualmente se emplean modelos semi-empíricos lineales.

    10. Selçuklu Dönemi Hanefî Alimlerin Mürcie’ye Bakışları

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Ahmet Ak

      2015-11-01

      Full Text Available In this work, we have dealt with the views of Abu’l-Yusr al-Pazdavî, Abu’l-Muin an-Nasajï, Alâuddin as-Samarkandî, Alâeddin al-Usmandî and Nuraddm as-Sâbunî abaut the Murjia criticized by many Muslim scholars. They are famous Hanafite-Mâtundîte of scholars Xlth and XIIth ages. After a brief discussion of the Murjia, we shall deal with the views of Hanafite-Mâtundîte scholars abaut the Murjia. Finally, we shall present the reasons for the misunderstanding of Murjia and its solutions

    11. Study on the effects of Jinqi hypoglycemic table on serum P-sel, TNF-α and HbAlc levels in patients with type two diabetes mellitus

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Qi Falian; Xu Jun; Wang Bin; Chen Yingjian; Yin Qiuxia; Ke Bingshen

      2007-01-01

      Objective: To study the effects of Huang Qi and Huang Lian on serum P-selectin, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc) levels in patients with type two diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods: Sixty DM2 patients were divided randomly into 2 equal numbered groups: one group were treated with routine hypoglycemic medicine, in other group, Jinqi hypoglycemic tablets were added besides western medicine. Fasting blood glucose, two hour postprandial glucose, HbAlc, P-SLT and TNF-α levels were measured detected before and after three months' treatment. Results: There were no significant differences between the plasma glucose, HbAlc, P-SLT and TNF-α levels (P>0.05) in the JinQi group and western medicine group before treatment. Fasting plasma glucose and postprandial glucose were decreased after treatment in both groups. HbAlc, P-SLT and TNF-α levels were significantly decreased after treatment (P<0.05, P<0.01, P<0.01) in JinQi group. Conclusion: On the basis of treatment with western medicine, additional Huang Lian and Huang Qi could further decrease HbAlc, P-SLT and TNF-α levels, stabilize blood glucose and provide better therapeutic results in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. (authors)

    12. Dependence of Optical Properties of SEL-Deposited Silver Gallium Selenide Thin Films on the On-Line Growth Parameter: Annealing Duration

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Bhuiyan, M.R.A.; Firoz Hasan, S.M.

      2005-01-01

      Silver gallium selenide (AGS) composite thin films were formed onto ultrasonically and chemically cleaned glass substrates by successive on-line thermal evaporation of individual elements and post-deposition annealing at 300 0 C for various durations in vacuum. The annealing duration was varied between 5 and 20 minutes. The structural and optical properties of the films were ascertained by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and uv-vis-nir spectrophotometry (photon wavelength ranging between 300 and 2500 nm), respectively. The diffractogram indicated that these films were polycrystalline in nature having tetragonal structure with lattice parameters, a ∼ 6.0034 A and c ∼ 10.9165 A. The optical transmittance and reflectance were utilized to compute the absorption coefficient, refractive index and energy gap of the films. Dependence of the optical and structural properties of the films on various annealing durations has been analyzed. The nature of the optical transitions has been direct allowed with band gap energies ranging between 1.713 and 1.757 eV and refractive indices between 1.596 and 3.351 depending on photon energy as well as annealing duration. (authors)

    13. Keskerakond võitles töörahva õiguste eest kella kaheni öösel / Andrus Karnau, Artur Sadovski

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Karnau, Andrus

      2008-01-01

      Töölepinguseaduse eelnõu teisest lugemisest riigikogus. Lisatud: töölepinguseaduse uuendused ; Kaire Uuseni intervjuu Kalev Chocolate Factory personalijuhi Kärt Kirsoga: Ettevõtjad aimavad töövaidluste arvu kasvu

    14. EFECTO DEL AGREGADO DE DIÉSEL-OIL SOBRE ALGUNOS PARÁMETROS MICROBIOLÓGICOS DEL SUELO CON Y SIN PRESENCIA DE PLANTAS

      OpenAIRE

      María Cristina Petenello; Celina Beltrán; Susana Raquel Feldman

      2014-01-01

      La actividad industrial, el transporte de combustibles y las fugas de tanques y cañerías provocan frecuentemente derrames de hidrocarburos durante la manipulación y el uso de los mismos, que contaminan el suelo con el riesgo de alcanzar las capas freáticas. Dentro de los métodos de remediación de suelos contaminados, la fitorremediación es una de las técnicas de remoción de contaminantes para recuperar la salud del suelo que combina la acción de las plantas con los microorganismos asociados a...

    15. Contribution of stable isotopes to the study of pharmacokinetics of magnesium salts; Apport des isotopes stables a l'etude de la pharmacocinetique de sels de magnesium

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Benech, H

      1999-05-28

      The use of stable isotopes as labels is becoming an attractive tool for the study of magnesium behavior in humans. It has been used two stable isotopes of magnesium, {sup 25}Mg and {sup 26}Mg, to measure the absolute bioavailability of a pharmaceutical form of magnesium. (N.C.)

    16. Análisis de factibilidad para la construcción de viviendas unifamiliares utilizando el SEL (Sistema Estructural Liviano)

      OpenAIRE

      Romero Acaro, Herman Gustavo; Soto Cueva, Luis Clemente

      2013-01-01

      Según los datos estadísticos proporcionadas por el Instituto Ecuatoriano de Estadísticas y Censos (INEC) realizado en el año 2001 [6], el 43.17% de la población posee una vivienda de hormigón armado, y el 33.22% de madera, siendo estos los índices más altos. Dado también que el índice de personas en el último censo realizado en el 2010 [5], indica que no poseen vivienda propia o tienen mediagua, covacha, choza y viviendas colectivas es del 17.85% . Además la falta de conocimiento de nu...

    17. Estudio experimental y computacional del proceso de inyección diésel mediante un código CFD con malla adaptativa

      OpenAIRE

      JARAMILLO CÍSCAR, DAVID

      2017-01-01

      One of the main aspects in the development of modern diesel engines has been the direct injection systems, due to its influence in the atomization and evaporation processes. The study of all physical and chemical phenomena involved in the scarce milliseconds that the diesel injection last allows a better understanding of the injection. Therefore, it allows a better control of the combustion process (i.e. a higher energy efficiency and lower pollutant emissions). Despite its relevance, the...

    18. MAGICAL AND HOLY ATTRIBUTE OF NEGATIVE DISCOURSE OLUMSUZ SÖYLEMİN BÜYÜSEL VE KUTSAL NİTELİĞİ

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Kürşat ÖNCÜL

      2009-12-01

      Full Text Available Word is a part of the whole meaning within a structure in the language of ideas. Concrete elements of various elements other than human beings in a living thought and expression properties that carry the "saying" is not an abstract concept known as adopteda at fame. Accepted meaning of this prayer and curse to win, başlantılı way to avoid negative comments of the individual and has led to fear. Söz düşüncenin dillik bir yapı içerisinde şekillenen anlamlar bütününün bir Söz düşüncenin dillik bir yapı içerisinde şekillenen anlamlar bütününün bir parçasıdır. İnsanoğlu somut unsurlar dışındaki çeşitli öğelerin de canlı bir nitelik taşıdığını düşünmüş ve ifade ettiği “söz”ün de soyut bir kavram olmadığını kabul etmiştir. Bu kabul dua ve bedduaların anlam kazanmasına, bağlantılı biçimde bireyin olumsuz sözlerden kaçınmasına ve korkmasına yol açmıştır.

    19. Study of trans-uranian incineration in molten salt reactor; Etude de l'incineration des transuraniens en reacteur a sel fondu

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Valade, M

      2000-10-27

      With the emergence of new options for nuclear power, molten salt reactors are envisaged for waste management. The aim of this thesis is to show how molten salt reactors can help to solve the transuranics issue. Their high versatility regarding to isotopic vector allows to accommodate large fractions of minor actinides as compared to solid fuel system. In this thesis, a neutronics study of molten salt reactors, MSR, has been conducted. For this purpose, two reference systems were considered, TIER1 and AMSTER. In the case of TIER1, an optimisation was made to reach an equilibrium. The analysis of both systems showed the main characteristics of MSR: their link to chemistry and on line reprocessing. In this work, several methods to drive the system to a state of equilibrium have been implemented and compared. During this process the isotopic composition and neutron spectrum, thus the nuclear reaction cross sections, vary tremendously. It is essential to take these evolutions into account in order to accurately estimate the equilibrium state. This has been accomplished inside the multi-recycling procedure we set with ERANOS. A dedicated calculation schema has been realized to simulate superthermal systems with this computation code. These results were checked through a benchmark against other computer codes. Then, with multi-recycling method, several molten salt systems have been compared in order to define the optimal reactor for transuranics incineration. Nevertheless, a final choice can not only be done using only neutronics characteristics since chemistry and thermal-hydraulics constraints are really important for MSR. Moreover, a complete safety study would be required. (author)

    20. Bilişsel Haritalama ve Analitik Serim Süreci (ASS Entegrasyonu(The Integration of Cognitive Mapping and Analytic Network Process

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Aşkın ÖZDAĞOĞLU

      2010-01-01

      Full Text Available The type of variables (qualitative or quantitative directly affect the construction of the model. Gaining the quantitative data for decision making problems may not be possible. Therefore, only the qualitative data are had to be considered within decision making process. Another problem is to make a decision by considering many interactive factors. Analytic Network Process (ANP is a technique which finds the most appropriate alternative in the multicriteria decision problems that have many options. In this study, concept mapping is used for determining the relationships among the main components that affect the product in a frozen foods company and ANP structure is created with the help of concept mapping. During the solving process, the importance levels of the criteria are obtained.

    1. Contribution of stable isotopes to the study of pharmacokinetics of magnesium salts; Apport des isotopes stables a l'etude de la pharmacocinetique de sels de magnesium

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Benech, H

      1999-05-28

      The use of stable isotopes as labels is becoming an attractive tool for the study of magnesium behavior in humans. It has been used two stable isotopes of magnesium, {sup 25}Mg and {sup 26}Mg, to measure the absolute bioavailability of a pharmaceutical form of magnesium. (N.C.)

    2. UJI AKTIVITAS EKSTRAK ETANOL 50°/o UMBI KELADI TIKUS (TYPHONIUM FLAGELLIFORME (LOOD Bl TERHADAP SEL KANKER PAYUDARA MCF-7 IN VITRO

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Lucie Widowati

      2012-09-01

      Full Text Available  Keladi tikus root (Typhonium flagelliforme (Lodd BI is one of plants that is used for cancer healing. The plant contents flavonoid, tannin, terpenoid and steroid. Flavonoid and terpenoid compound groups are known for anti cancer activities. The investigation  is conducted to test cytotoxic effect of ethanol free dry extract of keladi tikuroot (Typhonium jlagelliforme (LoodBI against brest cancer cell MCF-7. Maceration extraction  method used 50% ethanol solvent and vaporized until ethanol.free dry extract of keladi tikus root was obtained. The test used 5 level of concentration, those were 50, 75, I 00, 125 and 150 µg/ml with 3 times iteration. DMSO was used as negative control and Cisplatin with concentration of 4, 6, 8, 19, 12 µg/ml were used as positive control. Test result showed ethanol free dry extract of keladi tikus root has value of LC50 = 89,15 and Cisplatin  has value of LC50 = 7,84  µg/ml. Further investigation of advance sitotoxic test value LC50 and value LC50 against  fraction of 50% ethanol extract is necessary to obtain active compound against brest cancer cell MCF-7. Ethanol Extract 50%  of  keladi  tikus  root (Typhonium flagelliforme (Lood BI, Breast Cancer, MCF-7 Cell, LC50.

    3. Pengaruh Variasi Jumlah Tembakan Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Fields (Nspefs Terhadap Ekspresi Gen Socs3 pada Sel Kanker Serviks Hela S3

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Martina Kurnia Rohmah

      2017-12-01

      Abstract Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Fields (NsPEFs is bioelectric that was developed by electroporation technology. NsPEFs use high intensity in short time exposure (1 – 300 nanosecond. NsPEFs have biological effect and was developed in cancer therapy. In cervical cancer, viral protein of HPV depresses some tumor suppressors like Socs3 gene. This research aims to investigate the effect of short variation in Socs3 gene expression. HeLa S3 cells were cultured in α-MEM with FBS 10%. NsPEFs as much as 20 kV/cm and 80 nano seconds was exposure over HeLa S3 cell in 4 mm cuvette. Wave of NsPEFs was detected by high voltage probe in oscilloscope. NsPEFs was exposure at 0 (control, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 shots. Socs3 gene expression was analyzed using real time PCR and RT-PCR. Quantitative data was analyzed by Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Anova, and HSD Tuker (p<0.05. This research show that NsPEFs is significantly increase Socs3 gene expression (p=0.000. The optimal shot 20 and 30 shots increase Socs3 gene expression subsequently = 2.779 and = 3.105 times. This expression decrease in higher than 30 shots of NsPEFs exposure.   Keywords: NsPEFs, shot, expression, Socs3

    4. Pengukuran Kinerja Portofolio Saham Menggunakan Model Black-litterman Berdasarkan Indeks Treynor, Indeks Sharpe, Dan Indeks Jensen (Studi Kasus Saham-saham Yang Termasuk Dalam Jakarta Islamic Index Periode 2009-2013)

      OpenAIRE

      Azizah, Siti; Sugito, Sugito; Prahutama, Alan

      2014-01-01

      The composing of portfolio is one of the way to minimize the risk of investment. Through portfolio, it is expected that some stocks still give return when other stocks are loss. From this composed portfolio, every investor expect appropriate return. The higher the return is better. Black-Litterman Model is the method which optimize the investor's return by giving difference financial capital proportion for every stocks of portfolio. This method combines both the aspect historical data and the...

    5. Thyroid Dose Estimation Using WBC and I-131 Concentration in Working Area of Radioisotope Production at Normal Operation; Perkiraan Dosis Thyroid Melalui Pengukuran WBC dan Perhitungan dengan Konsentrasi I-131 Di Daerah Kerja Pada Operasi Normal Produksi Radioisotop

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Tedjasari, R S; Lubis, E [Radioactive-Waste Management Technology Centre, National Atomic Energy Agency of Indonesia(Indonesia)

      1996-07-01

      Thyroid dose estimation at Radioisotope Production Centre workers using WBC and calculation based on I-131 concentration in working area has been done. The aim of this research is to get the relation between WBC result and calculation using I-131 concentration in working area. The result indicates differences in a range of 3,2% to 53,2%. These differences caused of parameters which influence the calculation are not accurate. These results also indicate that dose estimation using WBC is relatively batter and more accurate but need to have certain information about time of intake.

    6. Correction Factor Analysis Of Foil Activation And The Effect Of Neglecting The Correction On Neutron Flux And Spectrum Measurement; ANALISIS FAKTOR KOREKSI KEPING AKTIVASI DAN PENGARUH PENGABAIANNYA PADA PENGUKURAN FLUKS DAN SPEKTRUM NEUTRON

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Radiyanti, Ita Budi; Hamzah, Amir; Pinem, Surian [Multipurpose Reactor Centre Indonesia, Serpong, (Indonesia)

      1996-04-15

      Foil activation method is commonly used in flux and neutron spectrum measurement in nuclear reactor and other research. The effect of the thickness, type of foil material and neutron spectrum shape on the self shielding correction and activities correction on the edges of the foil have been analyzed. Also the effect of neglecting those correction factors on neutron flux and spectrum measurement were analyzed. The calculation of the correction factor has been done by using the program which had been verified for several foils. The foils used are Au, In. Cu, Co and Dy of 0.00254 cm -0.127 cm thickness and 1.27 cm diameter. The result showed that the correction factor foils were not similar due to the variation of activation cross section and neutron spectrum shape. For the neutron spectrum in RS-2 multi purpose reactor GAS using foils of 0.00254 cm thick. The effect of neglecting correction factor on thermal flux measurement for Au, In, Co and Cu were less than -6%, for Dy was about -25%. On epithermal flux measurement for Au and In were about -60%, Co and Dy was -12% and -6%, for Cu less than -2%. The effect of neglecting correction factor on spectrum measurement was the change on the neutron flux density values along neutron energy region.

    7. Overexpression of pig selenoprotein S blocks OTA-induced promotion of PCV2 replication by inhibiting oxidative stress and p38 phosphorylation in PK15 cells

      Science.gov (United States)

      Gan, Fang; Hu, Zhihua; Huang, Yu; Xue, Hongxia; Huang, Da; Qian, Gang; Hu, Junfa; Chen, Xingxiang; Wang, Tian; Huang, Kehe

      2016-01-01

      Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the primary cause of porcine circovirus disease, and ochratoxin A (OTA)-induced oxidative stress promotes PCV2 replication. In humans, selenoprotein S (SelS) has antioxidant ability, but it is unclear whether SelS affects viral infection. Here, we stably transfected PK15 cells with pig pCDNA3.1-SelS to overexpress SelS. Selenium (Se) at 2 or 4 μM and SelS overexpression blocked the OTA-induced increases of PCV2 DNA copy number and infected cell numbers. SelS overexpression also increased glutathione (GSH), NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) mRNA, and γ-glutamyl-cysteine synthetase mRNA levels; decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels; and inhibited p38 phosphorylation in PCV2-infected PK15 cells, regardless of OTA treatment. Buthionine sulfoximine reversed all of the above SelS-induced changes. siRNA-mediated SelS knockdown decreased Nrf2 mRNA and GSH levels, increased ROS levels, and promoted PCV2 replication in OTA-treated PK15 cells. These data indicate that pig SelS blocks OTA-induced promotion of PCV2 replication by inhibiting the oxidative stress and p38 phosphorylation in PK15 cells. PMID:26943035

    8. Perbandingan Aktivitas Antioksidan Campuran Ekstrak-Etanol A.indica dan C.asiatica terhadap Ekstrak-Etanol A.indica

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Kemas R Notariza

      2017-09-01

      Full Text Available Radikal bebas, dalam kadar rendah atau menengah, mempunyai peran fisiologis bagi kehidupan sel tubuh. Pada konsentrasi tinggi, radikal-bebas dapat memicu stres oksidatif yang menjadi dasar patogenesis berbagai penyakit. Suplai antioksidan eksogen dibutuhkan untuk membantu kinerja antioksidan endogen dalam menangkal stres oksidatif. Ekstrak-etanol Acalypha indica dan Centella asiatica masing-masing diketahui memiliki aktivitas antioksidan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbandingan aktivitas antioksidan campuran ekstrak-etanol Acalypha indica dan Centella asiatica terhadap ekstrak-etanol Acalypha indica. Kombinasi ekstrak diharapkan mampu meningkatkan aktivitas antioksidan yang dihasilkan dan menurunkan dosis yang digunakan. Aktivitas antioksidan ekstrak diukur dengan metode spektrofotometri melalui uji DPPH. Kandungan fitokimia ekstrak juga diuji secara kualitatif. Hasil uji kualitatif menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak-etanol Acalypha indica maupun campuran ekstrak-etanol Acalypha indica dan Centella asiatica positif mengandung fitokimia berupa flavonoid dan steroid. Hasil pengukuran aktivitas antioksidan menunjukkan bahwa Vitamin C yang menjadi kontrol positif menunjukkan nilai EC50 sebesar 0,012 mg/mL. Nilai EC50 ekstrak-etanol Acalypha indica adalah 13,68 mg/mL, sedangkan nilai EC50 campuran ekstrak-etanol Acalypha indica dan Centella asiatica adalah 39,65 mg/mL. Nilai EC50 yang lebih kecil mengindikasikan aktivitas antioksidan yang lebih tinggi. Dengan demikian, aktivitas antioksidan campuran ekstrak-etanol Acalypha indica dan Centella asiatica lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan ekstrak-etanol Acalypha indica.   Kata kunci: Acalypha indica; aktivitas antioksidan; Centella asiatica Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE

    9. Analisa Beban Kerja Dengan Menggunakan Work Sampling Dan Nasa-tlx Untuk Menentukan Jumlah Operator (Studi Kasus: PT Xyz)

      OpenAIRE

      Ramadhan, Rahadian; Tama, Ishardita Pambudi; Efranto, Remba Yanuar

      2014-01-01

      PT. XYZ merupakan pabrik yang bergerak di bidang sandang. Dalam penelitian ini, metode yang digunakan adalah pengukuran beban secara fisik dan pengukuran beban secara mental. Pada PT XYZ para pelaksana mesin sering sekali mengeluh tentang kelelahan karena harus mengoperasikan mesin yang banyak dalam sekali kerja. Untuk mengurangi kelelahan tersebut maka dibuatlah rencana penambahan jumlah karyawan tetap untuk mengurangi beban kerja setiap pelaksana mesin.. Pengukuran beban kerja menggunakan m...

    10. Active FPGA Security Through Decoy Circuits

      Science.gov (United States)

      2006-03-01

      enable : in std_logic; -- enable for muxes sel1, sel2 : in std_logic; sel3, sel4 : in std_logic; o1, o2 : out std_logic; o3, o4 : out...NOT i1 AND i2 AND NOT i5) OR (NOT i2 AND NOT i4 AND i5); process(enable, sel4 , sel3, sel2, sel1) – the multiplexer begin if enable = 𔃻’ then...if sel4 = 𔃺’ then o4 <= out14; else o4 <= out24; end if; if sel3 = 𔃺’ then o3 <= out13; else o3 <= out23; end if; if

    11. Obtención de nuevas tecnologías para la purificación de biodiésel y diseño básico de equipos principales de una planta industrial para la obtención de biodiésel

      OpenAIRE

      Doria Rodríguez, Melissa Diana; Doria Rodríguez, Melissa Diana

      2013-01-01

      El presente informe de competencia profesional muestra el trabajo de investigación realizado en la empresa BIODIESEL PERÚ INTERNACIONAL S.A.C. durante la búsqueda de nuevas tecnologías para la purificación del biodiesel, así como también el diseño básico, ejecución y montaje de una planta industrial de biodiesel en la empresa NORDTRAUBE PERU S.A.C. El biodiesel, designado también como B100 es un combustible compuesto por ésteres mono-alquílicos de ácidos grasos de cadena larga, derivado de...

    12. Biosensor Urea Berbasis Biopolimer Khitin Sebagai Matriks Immobilisasi

      OpenAIRE

      Nazruddin Nazaruddin

      2007-01-01

      Penelitian tentang biosensor urea menggunakan biopolimer khitin sebagai matriks immobilisasi telah dilakukan. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui kinerja biosensor yang dihasilkan yang meliputi sensitivitas, trayek pengukuran, limit deteksi, waktu respon, koefisien selektifitas, dan waktu hidup. Penelitian meliputi beberapa tahap yaitu pembuatan membran polimer khitin dan immobilisasi enzim urease, pelekatan membran khitin pada elektroda pH, dan pengukuran parameter kinerja elektroda. H...

    13. Triple Modular Redundancy (TMR) in a Configurable Fault-Tolerant Processor (CFTP) for Space Applications

      Science.gov (United States)

      2003-12-01

      internal structure ARCHITECTURE rtl OF log_barrel IS signal sel1, sel2, sel3, sel4 : std_logic_vector ( 1 downto 0); signal buf0b, buf0c, buf0d...shift(2); sel3(0) <= ar_or_log and shift(2); sel4 (1) <= l_or_r and shift(3); sel4 (0) <= ar_or_log and shift(3); buf0b <= in_word(14 downto 0...mux4: word_mux4 port map ( a => buf3a, b => buf3b, c => buf3c, d => buf3d, sel => sel4 , out_word => out_word

    14. A Database Design for the Brazilian Air Force Military Personnel Control System.

      Science.gov (United States)

      1987-06-01

      GIVEN A RECNum GET MOVING HISTORICAL". 77 SEL4 PlC X(70) VALUE ". 4. GIVEN A RECNUM GET NOMINATION HISTORICAL". 77 SEL5 PIC X(70) VALUE it 5. GIVEN A...WHERE - "°RECNUM = :RECNUM". 77 SQL-SEL3-LENGTH PIC S9999 VALUE 150 COMP. 77 SQL- SEL4 PIC X(150) VALUE "SELECT ABBREV,DTNOM,DTEXO,SITN FROM...NOMINATION WHERE RECNUM 77 SQL- SEL4 -LENGTH PIC S9999 VALUE 150 COMP. 77 SQL-SEL5 PIC X(150) VALUE "SELECT ABBREVDTDES,DTWAIVER,SITD FROM DESIG WHERE RECNUM It

    15. Social and Emotional Learning and the Work of Itinerant Teachers of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Norman, Nancy; Jamieson, Janet R

      2015-01-01

      The study investigated how social and emotional learning (SEL) is reflected in the attitudes, beliefs, and practices of itinerant teachers of the deaf and hard of hearing (ITDHHs). A mixed-methods approach was taken to survey 53 ITDHHs about their comfort with teaching SEL, commitment to ongoing professional development in SEL skills, and perceptions of SEL in school cultures. Follow-up interviews with 11 ITDHHs provided a deeper perspective on how these teachers prioritize and teach SEL skills within their unique teaching role. Overall, the findings revealed that ITDHHs overwhelmingly recognized the need to provide SEL support to their students, and very often provided direct teaching of SEL skills. However, they did not necessarily feel adequately prepared, nor supported by their schools, in terms of teaching SEL. Implications of the findings for professional preparation and practice are discussed.

    16. Belgia rahvuspüha puhul kuuleb Eestis kammermuusikat / Maarja Pehk

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Pehk, Maarja

      2007-01-01

      21. juulil on Belgia Kuningriigil rahvuspüha. Suursaadik Pierre Clement Dubuisson tutvustab sel puhul belgia kultuuri kolme kontserdi kaudu. Sel aastal tutvustab saatkond Belgia kultuuri ka koostöös Pimedate Ööde filmifestivaliga

    17. fektivitas Penambahan Elisitor Asam Jasmonik dalam Peningkatan Sintesis Senyawa Bioaktif Andrografolid pada Kultur Suspensi Sel Sambiloto (Effectiveness of Jasmonic Acid Elicitor Addition for Andrographolide Synthesis Induction of Sambiloto Culture

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Noor Aini Habibah

      2009-03-01

      Full Text Available In this research, we have studied synthesis of improvement of andrographolid bioactive compound on cell culture of sambiloto by addition of jasmonic acid. The essential problems in this research are firstly, the effects of addition of jasmonic acid either can induce or not andrographolide synthesis improvement of cell culture of sambiloto and secondly, to observe the largest content of andrographolide in jasmonic acid concentrations. Meanwhile, the purpose of this research are to observe the functions of jasmonic acid elicitor for induction of andrographolide synthesis improvement of cell culture of sambiloto and to optimize jasmonic acid concentrations which can produce the largest andrographolide content. The independent variable is concentration of addition of jasmonic acid on cell culture and the dependent variable are the growth of cell suspension culture and andrographolide bioactive content. Experiment result show that the optimum medium of sambiloto cell consist of Murashige & Skoog (1962 medium supplemented by 0,5 ppm kinetin and 2,4-D 5 ppm. The cell growth phases are the followings : lag phase at age of 0-5 days, exponential phase of 5-15 days, and stationary phase at age of longer than 15 days. The highest andrographolide was 4,66 x 10-2 reached in cell culture was supplemented with 10 µM jasmonic acid. Keywords : andrographolide, sambiloto cell suspension culture, jasmonic acid elicitor.

    18. Liderlik Uygulamalarının İçsel Okul Değişkenleri ile Öğrenci Çıktı Değişkenlerine Etkisi

      OpenAIRE

      KORKMAZ, Mehmet

      2014-01-01

      This study attempts to find out if internal school variables and the nature of organizational learning have an effect on student outcome variables. In other words, on which level the leadership styles applied in the schools and if internal school variables have an effect on the nature of organizational learning. For this reason, a five-item Likert type scale was administered to 257 teachers and 322 students in different classes of 21 general high schools in the centre of the province of Ankar...

    19. Nouveaux développements dans la chimie des sels de diazonium en catalyse organométallique : catalyse hétérogène en milieux aqueux

      OpenAIRE

      Le Callonnec , Francois

      2014-01-01

      Diazonium salts are reactive and versatile when used as electrophiles. Unfortunately, their reputation as instable compounds strongly limited their use in chemical synthesis. This work lead to the discovery of new procedure for a safer and more environmentally friendly use of diazonium salts in organometallic coupling reactions. We studied palladium catalised carbon-carbon coupling reactions and copper catalyzed C-H arylatons. A major part of this work is also focalized in the development of ...

    20. In-situ study of the dendritic growth in lithium/polymer electrolyte-salt/lithium cells; Etude in-situ de la croissance dendritique dans des cellules lithium/POE-sel/lithium

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Brissot, C.; Rosso, M.; Chazalviel, J.N. [Ecole Polytechnique, 91 - Palaiseau (France); Baudry, P.; Lascaud, S. [Electricite de France, 77 - Moret sur Loing (France). Direction des Etudes et Recherches

      1996-12-31

      The in-situ observation of dendritic growth in lithium/polymer electrolyte-LiTFSI/lithium battery cells shows that dendrites grow up with about the same rate as anion migration. Memory effects have been evidenced in cycling experiments and limit the dendrites length. An overall movement of the electrolyte due to variations of electrolyte concentration in the vicinity of the electrodes has been observed too. (J.S.) 13 refs.

    1. Cycle thorium et réacteurs à sel fondu. Exploration du champ des paramètres et des contraintes définissant le "Thorium Molten Salt Reactor"

      OpenAIRE

      Mathieu , Ludovic

      2005-01-01

      Producing nuclear energy in order to reduce the anthropic CO2 emission requires major technological advances. Nuclear plants of IVth generation have to respond to several constraints, as safety improvements, fuel breeding and radioactive waste minimization. For this purpose, it seems promising to use Thorium Cycle in Molten Salt Reactors. Studies on this domain have already been carried out. However, the final concept suffered from serious issues and was discontinued. A new reflection on this...

    2. KARE KESİTLİ HELİSEL KANALDA TÜRBÜLANSLI AKIŞTA BASINÇ DÜŞÜŞÜNÜN DENEYSEL VE NÜMERİK ANALİZİ

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Okyar KAYA

      2004-02-01

      Full Text Available Bu çalışmada 8 x 8 mm kare kesitli, 12 mm hatveli helisel kanalda basınç düşüşü deneysel olarak tespit edilerek benzer sınır şartlarında bilgisayarda nümerik çözüm yapılmıştır. Nümerik çözüm FLUENT ® programı ile SIMPLE çözüm algoritması, PRESTO basınç-hız enterpolasyon yöntemi, RNG k-? türbülans modeli ve Gauss Siedel iterasyon metodu kullanılarak yapılmıştır. Nümerik ve deneysel veriler arasında en fazla % 5 gibi bir fark vardır. Deneysel ve nümerik sonuçlar literatürde yayınlanmış çözümler ile karşılaştırılarak valide edilmiştir.

    3. PERSONAL DIMENSIONS OF THE CRITICISM IN CLASSICAL OTTOMAN POETRY KLÂSİK TÜRK ŞİİRİNDE ELEŞTİRİNİN KİŞİSEL BOYUTU

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Zülküf KILIÇ

      2012-06-01

      Full Text Available In this study which we tried to answer the question which feelings and the objectives drive the critic poet to criticize rather than what was criticized or why they were criticized. While we are trying to show the criticism in our Classical Ottoman Poetry as a part of the life, we are going to emphasize the personal reasons of the criticism.We need to know that the people whose being described as an “Intellectual” is not wrong cannot stay away from criticizing the defects. For this reason, everything could be the subject of the criticism.While beard, moustache or the hypocrisy of a person sometimes became the subject of criticism, sometimes an administrator’s deficiences and flaws became the subject of criticism. Sometimes, even the minor social degenerations which the masses of people could not realize when they were alive were expressed. That is why the criticism, as we think, was not a remote subject for the Classical Ottoman poets, on the contrary, the criticism was closely related to their lives. Nelerin, niçin eleştirildiğinden ziyâde, eleştirici şairi, hangi duyguları ve hangi amaçları eleştiriye sevk eder sorusuna cevap aranan bu çalışmada, Klâsik şiirde eleştirinin hayatın bir parçası olduğunu, göstermeye çalışırken daha çok eleştirinin kişisel nedenleri üzerinde durulacaktır. “Aydın” diye nitelendirilmelerinin yanlış olmayacağı Klâsik şairlerin, aksaklıklara gözlerini kapayamayacaklarının bilinmesi gerekir. Bu yüzden, her şey eleştirinin konusu olabilmiştir. Bazen bir kişinin sakalı, bıyığı, riyakârlığı eleştiriye konu olurken bazen bir idarecinin eksik ve kusurları yüzüne vurulmuş, bazen de yığınların, yaşarlarken dikkatlerinden kaçan ve fark edebilmeleri çok güç olan toplumsal en küçük bozukluklar dahi gözden kaçmayıp dillendirilmiştir. Bu yüzden eleştiri, Klâsik şairlerin, -öyle sanıldığı gibi- çok uzaklarında değil yanı başlarında, hayatlarının içindedir.

    4. FRAKSINASI PROTEIN KAPANG LAUT Xylaria psidii KT30 DAN SITOTOKSISITASNYA TERHADAP SEL HeLa [Fractionation of Proteins of Marine Fungus Xylaria psidii KT30 and their Cytotoxicity against HeLa Cells

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Mita Gebriella Inthe

      2014-06-01

      Full Text Available Cervical cancer is the most common cause of death for Indonesian women after human breast cancer. One of the efforts of cancer treatment is the utilization of natural compounds. One of the microorganisms having the potential as anticancer agent is endophytic fungi. Endophytic fungi from the marine habitat can be isolated from sea weeds, sea grasses, sponges, and mangroves. Xylaria psidii KT30, a marine fungus used in this study was isolated from red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii. Xylaria psidii KT30 was cultivated in potato dextrose broth medium for nine days at room temperature 27-29°C in shaking condition. This study aimed to obtain protein fractions from X. psidii KT30 and determine their toxicity againt Chang and HeLa cells. The fractionation process was conducted using DEAE Sephadex A-50 column chromatography and the toxicity was determined by Brine Shrimp Lethality Test (BSLT. The metabolites excreted in the culture broth was extracted using 90% of ammonium sulphate. The extract was then tested for their toxicity against HeLa and Chang cells by Microculture Tetrazolium Technique (MTT assay.The results revealed that LC50 of the protein extract of X. psidii KT30 was 104.95 ppm and IC50 was 69.9 ppm. Based on the National Cancer Institute (NCI, this value showed moderate cytotoxicity against HeLa cells.

    5. Perkembangan Praimplantasi Embrio Mencit dengan Materi Genetik yang Berasal dari Parental, Maternal, dan Inti Sel Somatik (PRE-IMPLANTATION DEVELOPMENT OF MOUSE EMBRYO WITH GENETIC MATERIAL DERIVED FROM PARENTAL, MATERNAL AND SOMATIC CELL NUCLEUS

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Harry Murti

      2014-05-01

      Full Text Available Cloned embryo and parthenogenetic embryo are a potential source of stem cells for regenerativemedicine. Stem cells derived from those embryos are expected to overcome the ethical issues to the use offertilization embryos for therapeutic purposes. The pre-implantation development is a critical step fordeveloping embryos reach the blastocyst stage. The objectives in vivo of this research are to produce mousecloned embryo, parthenogenetic embryo, and fertilized embryo and to study stages of  in vitro pre-implantation development culture. In vivo fertilized embryos, mouse oocytes, and cumulus cells were usedin this study. Treatment was performed on female mice superovulated with PMSG and hCG injections.Two-cell stage of in vivo fertilized embryos were collected on the second day post hCG injection. Clonedembryos were produced through Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (SCNT, which included enucleation, nucleartransfer and artificial activation. Parthenogenetic embryos were produced with artificial activationtechnique. The result of the research indicated that SCNT application was able to produce cloned embryos which could develop to blastocyst stage (3,2%. In addition, artificial activation of oocytes could produceparthenogenetic embryos which were able to develop up to the blastocyst stage (8,6%. In conclusion,efficiency level of parthenogenetic embryos that is able to reach the blastocyst stage was higher than in thecloned embryos. Fertilized embryos shows a better development and more efficient compared to in vitrocloned embryos and parthenogenetic embryos cultures.

    6. Gambaran Sel Eosinofil, Monosit, dan Basofil Setelah Pemberian Spirulina pada Ayam yang Diinfeksi Virus Flu Burung (OBSERVATION OF EOSINOPHILS, MONOCYTES, AND BASOPHILS AFTER TREATED WITH SPIRULINA IN CHICKENS THAT INFECTED WITH AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Widya Paramita Lokapirnasari

      2015-05-01

      Full Text Available High Pathogenecity Avian Influenza (HPAI viruses have high virulence and can frequently causesudden death on birds. The aims of this research was to know the role of Spirulina to a number ofmonocytes and lymphocytes in the blood of chickens which infected with the H5N1 virus. This researchconsisted of three levels of treatment in which each level given Spirulina 0%, 10%, 20% in the fresh wateralgae as drinking water. Each treatment consisted of seven replicates, and the treatment was done sincethe chickens at age 19 until 44 days ( for 25 days. Artificial infection of the chickens with the virus waschallenged by using AI (H5N1 104 EID 50 (A/Ck/Indonesia/BL/03 with route to the respiratory tract (nosedrops 0,1 mL starting on day 19. The results showed that there were a significant difference (p<0.05 ontreatment that given Spirulina at doses of 0%, 10% and 20% for the number ofn monocytes, eosinophils,whereas no significant difference (p > 0.05 was observed in basophils.

    7. ESTUDIO DE LA INFLUENCIA DE LAS CARACTERÍSTICAS DEL FLUJO INTERNO EN TOBERAS SOBRE EL PROCESO DE INYECCIÓN DIÉSEL EN CAMPO PRÓXIMO

      OpenAIRE

      De La Morena Borja, Joaquín

      2011-01-01

      La formación de la mezcla aire-combustible es uno de los procesos que tienen un efecto de mayor importancia en las prestaciones y las emisiones de contaminantes de los motores Diesel. Con el objetivo de incrementar el conocimiento respecto a este fenómeno numerosos estudios, tanto teóricos como experimentales, así como de modelado fluidodinámico, han sido desarrollados a lo largo de las últimas décadas. Sin embargo, el estudio del flujo en el interior de las toberas de inyección, así como su ...

    8. Révéler la chimie des préparations antiques, à usage cosmétique ou médical, impliquant des sels de métaux lourds

      OpenAIRE

      Aubin , Marlène

      2016-01-01

      In the Antiquity, oculists (eye care specialised physicians) mixed mineral, vegetal and animal substances to prepare elaborate solid medicines termed collyria. In an interdisciplinary work, we investigated the chemical composition, the inorganic phases structure and the manufacturing process of such collyria. The implemented analytical techniques were Raman spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The stability of metallic salts based replicas prepared according to ...

    9. Kadar dan Daya Luteolitik PGF2? Produksi Sel Monolayer Vesikula Seminalis dan Endometrium Sapi Bali (PROSTAGLANDIN F2? CONCENTRATIONS OF BALI CATTLE ENDOMETRIAL AND SEMINAL VESICLE MONOLAYER CELLS CULTURE PRODUCTS AND ITS IN VITRO TEST ON LUTEAL MONOLAYER

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Tjok Gde Oka Pemayun

      2012-03-01

      Full Text Available The aims of this research were to determine PGF2? concentration the produced by bali cattlesendometrial and seminal vesicle monolayer cell culture and in vitro luteolytic ability on luteal monolayercell culture. The endometrial and seminal vesicle epithelial cell of bali cattle were cultured in tissueculture medium (TCM 199 growth medium supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum and 10% EstrusMare Serum. The cells were cultured at 1.9 x 106 density per ml medium. Then Followed by incubation at38.50 C in 5% CO2 atmosphere for 12 days. The level of PGF2? in the cell culture medium were assayed byRadioimmnuassay (RIA technique. The luteal cells were cultured in 9 days incubation and divided into 2groups. Group I were added with 10% of cell culture product and group II were added with 1,25 mgdinoprost/ml. The level of progesterone produced by luteal cell culture was measured at day 9th and 11thincubation. The result showed concentration of PGF2? cell product of seminal vesicle cell culture wassignificantly higher (P < 0.05 compared to endometrial cell culture. There was no significant difference(P>0.05 in luteolytic ability between PGF2? cell culture product and dinoprost. In conclusion, the PGF2?could be produced by monolayer cell culture of bali cattle is endometrial and seminal vesicle epithelialcells more over they have similar ability with dinoprost in luteolytic ability.

    10. Kadar Prostaglandin F2? pada Cairan Vesikula Seminalis dan Produk Sel Monolayer Vesikula Seminalis Sapi Bali (CONCENTRATIONS OF PROSTAGLANDIN F2? IN SEMINAL VESICLE FLUID AND PRODUCT OF SEMINAL VESICLE MONOLAYER CELLS OF BALI CATTLE

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Tjok Gde Oka Pemayun

      2007-12-01

      Full Text Available In this study, the concentration of prostaglandin F2 ? (PGF2? in seminal vesicle fluid and seminal vesicle monolayer cell cultures of Bali cattle was determined. The seminal vesicle fluid was aspirated and the epithelial cells of the seminal vesicles were cultured in tissue culture medium (TCM 199 growth medium containing 10% fetal calf serum (FCS and 10% oestrus mares serum (EMS with a density of 1.9 x 106 cells / ml medium. Following an incubation at 38.50 C in 5% CO2 atmosphere for 6 days and the level of PGF2 ? in the original seminal vesicle fluid and in the cell culture medium were determined by radioimmunoassay techniques (RIA. The results showed that the level of PGF2 ? in the non-extracted monolayer culture of seminal vesicle (1287,50 ± 3,39 pg/ml was significantly higher than that of detected in non-extracted seminal vesicle fluid (1,23 ± 0,79 pg/ml. In contrast, after extraction the level of PGF2 ? in seminal vesicle monolayer cell cultures (218,33 ± 2,87 pg/ml significantly decreased as compared to seminal vesicle fluid (1750,83 ± 2,71 pg/ml. In conclusion the highest level of PGF2 ? was found in the extract of seminal vesicle fluid.

    11. Contribution to the knowledge of the mechanism of the electrorefining of uranium in fused salt baths (1961); Contribution a la connaissance du mecanisme de l'electroraffinage de l'uranium en bains de sels fondus (1961)

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Boisde, G; Chauvin, G; Coriou, H; Hure, J [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

      1961-07-01

      Very pure uranium can be obtained by electrorefining under the following conditions: electrolyte: UCl{sub 3} (ca. 30 per cent wt.) dissolved in LiCl-KCl eutectic, cathode: molybdenum, atmosphere: argon, temperature: 400-450 deg. C. The detailed mechanism of the refining process has been hitherto unknown. Electrode-potential studies undertaken to fill this gap have shown that: 1. UCl prepared according to Newton contains an impurity (perhaps UH{sub 3}) that interferes with the yield of the cathode deposit. We propose a treatment to eliminate this impurity. 2. The quasi-reversible character of the system U{sup +3}{r_reversible}U{sup 0} is the principal reason for the production of high purity uranium. The cathodic deposition and anodic dissolution seem to be primary reactions. 3. The presence of moisture in the molten bath has a very harmful influence on the overall electrorefining process: the uranium obtained contains many impurities; the cathode current efficiency falls from 80 to about 10 per cent; and the anode is substantially corroded, the apparent anode current efficiency rising from 90 to about 120 per cent. An interpretation of these effects is given, based on the experimental polarization curves. (authors) [French] De l'uranium a un tres haut degre de purete peut etre obtenu par electroraffinage clans les conditions suivantes: electrolyte = UCl{sub 3} (30 pour cent en poids env.) dissous dans l'eutectique LiCl-KCl, cathode = tige de molybdene, atmosphere = argon, temperature = 400 a 450 deg. C. Toutefois, on ne connaissait pas, jusqu'a present, le mecanisme intime du processus de raffinage. Des etudes de potentiels d'electrodes, entreprises pour tenter de combler cette lacune, nous ont permis de mettre en evidence differents points : 1. UCl{sub 3} prepare selon la methode de Newton contient une impurete (peut-etre UH{sub 3}) qui nuit au rendement du depot cathodique. Nous proposons un traitement d'elimination de cette impurete. 2. Le caractere de quasi-reversibilite du systeme U{sup +3}{r_reversible}U{sup 0} serait la principale cause de l'obtention de l'uranium de haute purete. Le depot cathodique et la dissolution anodique semblent etre des reactions primaires. 3. La presence d'humidite dans le bain fondu a une influence tres nocive sur le processus global d'electroraffinage: L'uranium n'est plus purifie mais contamine par un grand nombre d'impuretes. Le rendement cathodique subit une chute de 80 a 10 pour cent environ. L'anode est le siege d'une corrosion importante: le rendement anodique apparent est releve de 90 a 120 pour cent environ. On suggere, a l'aide des courbes de polarisation, une interpretation du mecanisme de ces perturbations. (auteurs)

    12. Bibliographical study for the development of an electrochemical preparation of plutonium molten salts; Etude bibliographique en vue de la mise au point d'une preparation electrochimique en sels fondus du plutonium

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Lefevre, J.

      1957-01-15

      Based on an analogy with methods of electrochemical preparation of uranium molten salts, this bibliographical study reports data of physical properties of plutonium (melting point, density, ranges of existence of the different plutonium phases, resistivity, resistivity variation coefficient), discusses the search for an electrolytic bath (properties of plutonium bromides, chlorides and fluorides), and the required apparatus (an electrolysis cell)

    13. The molten salt reactors (MSR) pyro chemistry and fuel cycle for innovative nuclear systems; Congres sur les reacteurs a sels fondus (RSF) pyrochimie et cycles des combustibles nucleaires du futur

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Brossard, Ph. [GEDEON, Groupement de Recherche CEA CNRS EDF FRAMATOME (France); Garzenne, C.; Mouney, H. [and others

      2002-07-01

      In the frame of the studies on next generation nuclear systems, and especially for the molten salt reactors and for the integrated fuel cycle (as IFR), the fuel cycle constraints must be taken into account in the preliminary studies of the system to improve the cycle and reactor optimisation. Among the purposes for next generation nuclear systems, sustainability and waste (radio-toxicity and mass) management are important goals. These goals imply reprocessing and recycling strategies. The objectives of this workshop are to present and to share the different strategies and scenarios, the needs based on these scenarios, the experimental facilities available today or in the future and their capabilities, the needs for demonstration. It aims at: identifying the needs for fuel cycle based on solid fuel or liquid fuel, and especially, the on-line reprocessing or clean up for the molten salt reactors; assessing the state-of-the-art on the pyro-chemistry applied to solid fuel and to present the research activities; assessing the state-of-the-art on liquid fuels (or others), and to present the research activities; expressing the R and D programs for pyro-chemistry, molten salt, and also to propose innovative processes; and proposing some joint activities in the frame of GEDEON and PRACTIS programs. This document brings together the transparencies of 18 contributions dealing with: scenario studies with AMSTER concept (Scenarios, MSR, breeders (Th) and burners); fuel cycle for innovative systems; current reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) in molten salts (review of pyro-chemistry processes (non nuclear and nuclear)); high temperature NMR spectroscopies in molten salts; reductive extraction of An from molten fluorides (salt - liquid metal extraction); electrochemistry characterisation; characterisation with physical methods - extraction coefficient and kinetics; electrolytic extraction; dissolution-precipitation of plutonium in the eutectic LiCl-KCl (dissolution and precipitation processes); cold salt: potentiality and preliminary results; TOPIC: redox control of MSR fuel (MSR: nominal operating conditions for the reprocessing process and redox control); technical aspects of R and D of some advanced non-aqueous reprocessing technologies for MSR systems (promising innovative separation and partitioning processes for the MSR fuel cycle); nominal operating conditions for MSR reprocessing process - data base needed and experiments for reprocessing validation; corrosion and materials for MSR and for pyro-chemistry processes; MSR reactor physics - dynamic behaviour; what safety principles for MSR? (MSR and integrated cycle (IFR) safety approach); experimental programmes in the frame of the SPHINX project of MS transmuter (programme of irradiated probes BLANKA, experimental facilities (MSR)); ISTC 1606 status - experimental study of molten salt technology for safe, low-waste and proliferation resistant treatment of radioactive waste and plutonium in accelerator-driven and critical systems. (J.S.)

    14. In-situ study of the dendritic growth in lithium/polymer electrolyte-salt/lithium cells; Etude in-situ de la croissance dendritique dans des cellules lithium/POE-sel/lithium

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Brissot, C; Rosso, M; Chazalviel, J N [Ecole Polytechnique, 91 - Palaiseau (France); Baudry, P; Lascaud, S [Electricite de France, 77 - Moret sur Loing (France). Direction des Etudes et Recherches

      1997-12-31

      The in-situ observation of dendritic growth in lithium/polymer electrolyte-LiTFSI/lithium battery cells shows that dendrites grow up with about the same rate as anion migration. Memory effects have been evidenced in cycling experiments and limit the dendrites length. An overall movement of the electrolyte due to variations of electrolyte concentration in the vicinity of the electrodes has been observed too. (J.S.) 13 refs.

    15. New graphite/salt materials for high temperature energy storage. Phase change properties study; Nouveaux materiaux graphite/sel pour le stockage d'energie a haute temperature. Etude des proprietes de changement de phase

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Lopez, J

      2007-07-15

      This work is a contribution to the study of new graphite/salt composites dedicated to high temperature energy storage ({>=}200 C). The aim is to analyse and to understand the influence of both graphite and composite microstructure on the phase change properties of salts. This PhD is carried out within the framework of two projects: DISTOR (European) and HTPSTOCK (French). The major contributions of this work are threefold: 1) An important database (solid-liquid phase change properties) is provided from the DSC analysis of six salts and the corresponding composites. 2) Rigorous modeling of salts melting in confined media in several geometries are proposed to understand why, during the first melting of the compression elaborated composites, problems of salt leakage are observed. These models show that the materials morphology is responsible for these phenomena: the graphite matrix restrains the volume expansion due to salt melting: salt melts under pressure, which leads to a melting on a large temperature range and to a loss of energy density. Sensitivity analysis of parameters (geometric and physic) shows that matrix rigidity modulus is the parameter on which it is necessary to act during the composites elaboration to blur this phenomenon. 3) Finally, this work proposes a thermodynamic formulation of both surface/interface phenomena and the presence of dissolved impurities being able to explain a melting point lowering. It seems that the melting point lowering observed ({approx} 5 C) are mainly due to the presence of dissolved impurities (brought by graphite) in the liquid, along with an additional Gibbs-Thomson effect ({approx} 1 C, related to the size of the clusters crystals). (author)

    16. GEZGİN SATICI PROBLEMİNİ ÇÖZMEK İÇİN YENİ BİR HİBRİD SEZGİSEL ALGORİTMA

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Gözde KIZILATEŞ

      2015-05-01

      Full Text Available The Traveling Salesman Problem (TS P is an important and well known combinatoriyal opti- mization problem. The goal of the problem is to find the shortest tour that visits each city in a given list exactly once and then returns to the starting city. Although the definition of the travelling salesman problem is easy, it belongs to NP-Hard class. In this paper, a new hybrid heurist ic algorithm based on Nearest Neighbour (NN and Greedy heur istic algorithms is proposed for s olving the TSP. This proposed hybrid heuristic algorithm is compared with NN and Greedy heuristi cs. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm is efficient

    17. Problems of the agriculture radiology and radiobiology at the environment contamination by the young mixture of the nuclear fission products; Problemy sel'skokhozyajstvennoj radioehkologii i radiobiologii pri zagryaznenii okruzhayushchej sredy molodoj smes'yu produktov yadernogo deleniya

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Prister, B S

      2008-07-01

      The basic problem on population radiation safety and the farm production at the environment contamination by the young mixture of the nuclear fission products are considered. In the field experiments, the conformities of the out of root plant contamination, kinetics of the irradiation absorbed doses and the biological effect of the NFP on the plants during the different ontogenesis phases are investigated. The kinetics of the nuclear fission product accumulation and drawing out from the cattle organisms of the most movable radionuclides in the biological systems; the distribution and kinetics of the absorbed irradiation doses formation and the nuclear fission products biological effect on the cattle organism is studied. The comparative quantitative assessment of the meaning of the basic formation factors of the radiation situation is produced.

    18. Ekspresi produk gen laten virus epstein-barr pada karsinoma sel skuamosa rongga mulut (The expressions of latent gene product of epstein-barr virus in oral squamous cell carcinoma

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Theresia Indah Budhy S

      2005-06-01

      Full Text Available Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC is a type of cancer often found in oral cavity and the area of head and neck at about 90%. Based on the geographical incidence oral SCC (OSCC has many types of different emerging. This case probably has connection with ethnic group, habit and social and economical condition. In East Java, the incidence is about 2.64% and it increases every year. The virus is known as one of the main factors that result in this disease. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV has potential capability of carcinogenesis. EBV is the family of herpesviridae that can infect cell through the linking of CD 21 receptor of the epithel with glycol protein 350/220 of the virus capsule. After primary infection, the virus will form latent-gene in human cell. Periodically, the latent-gene product can disturb proliferation and apoptotic regulator. In Indonesia, the expression of EBV latent geneproduct in the OSCC has not been reported yet. This study wanted to know the expression of EBV latent gene product found in the OSCC. This study found 25 cases of OSCC in which 17 were infected by EBV. Detection of EBV infection could be done by insitu hybridization to identify RNA EBV (EBER. To find the expression of EBV latent gene product, immunohistochemical analysis was done. The conclusion was that the emerging of expression of EBV latent gene product in OSCC were latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1, EBV nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1 and RNA EBV (EBER. They were 28.28%, 25.26% and 46.47%. It was suggested to do the following research on OSCC infected by EBV and the emerging of expression of EBV latent gene product with regulator gene of proliferation and apoptotic in OSCC.

    19. Bactéries lactiques du lait de chamelle d'Algérie: mise en évidence de souches de Lactococcus résistantes au sel

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Karam, HZ.

      2006-01-01

      Full Text Available Lactic Acid Bacteria of Camel Milk: Presence of Salt Resistant Strains of Lactococcus. Different lactic acid bacteria were isolated from raw camel milk; respectively Lactococcus, Leuconostoc and Lactobacillus strains. 6.5% salt resistant coccal isolates were identified with API 20Strep identification systems to be either enterococcal strains or lactococcal strains. Electrophoretical analysis by SDS-PAGE of whole soluble proteins of these salt resistant lactococcal strains showed that all of them were Lactococcus lactis species. Lactococcus strains regrouped Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis (1.2%, Lactococcus lactis ssp. cremoris (4.9% and Lactococcus lactis ssp. diacetylactis (28.4% while all of the enterococcal strains (34.6% belonged to Enterococcus feacalis specie. Leuconostoc strains were either Leuconostoc lactis (7.4% or Leuconostoc dextranicum (4.9%. Lactobacillus plantarum (18.5% was the only member of Lactobacillus genera found.

    20. Od Fermatových čísel ke geometrii. Věnováno prof. O. Kowalskému k jeho 65. narozeninám

      Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

      Křížek, Michal

      2001-01-01

      Roč. 46, č. 3 (2001), s. 179-191 ISSN 0032-2423 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA201/01/1200 Keywords : Heron and Pascal triangle%Sierpienski fractal set%regular polygons Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

    1. Prognostic effect of symptomatic extracranial lesions on survival of recursive partitioning analysis Class III brain metastatic patients treated with stereotactic radiotherapy

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Xiu-Jun Chen

      2016-01-01

      Conclusion: The presence of SELs was a negative prognosis factor for the survival of RPA Class III brain metastatic patients. If RPA Class III brain metastatic patients were without SELs, SRT may be a reasonable treatment option, but if they had SELs, SRT may not be a reasonable treatment due to the short overall survival time and KDT.

    2. Social and Emotional Learning Policies and Physical Education

      Science.gov (United States)

      Jacobs, Jenn; Wright, Paul

      2014-01-01

      There is a current push to broaden the educational agenda by integrating social and emotional learning (SEL) competencies into the academic curriculum. This article describes how physical education (PE) provides a strong platform for integrating SEL standards into the curriculum. The alignment between SEL and the affective learning objectives of…

    3. MAJOR HYSTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX: STRUKTUR, FUNGSI, HUBUNGAN DENGAN PENYAKIT DAN PEMANFAATAN DALAM RESPON IMUN

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Basundari Sri Utama

      2012-10-01

      Full Text Available Respon imun terhadap antigen asing dapat terjadi karena kemampuan dari organisme untuk membedakan "non self" dengan "self", sehingga dapat terhindar dari efek patogen dari antigen yang masuk. Hal ini terjadi karena kemampuan polimorfisme dari komponen molekul yang terdapat pada permukaan sel presentan pada saat proses respon imun terjadi. Komponen molekul tersebut disebut MHC (Major Hystocompatibility Complex pada tikus diberi kode H-2 atau HLA (Human Leucocyt Antifen pada manusia. Pengkode genetik MHC pada tikus terletak pada kromosom 17, pada manusia terletak pada kromosom 6. MHC tersebar pada hampir semua permukaan sel tubuh. Pada tikus MHC kelas 1 terdapat sel-sel yang berinti, platelet dan sel darah merah. Pada manusia terdapat pada sel-sel yang berinti dan platelet. MHC pada tikus terutama terdapat pada sel B, makrofag, sel epithel, sel limfosit T. Pada manusia terutama terdapat pada sel B dan makrofag. Fungsi MHC kelas I diantaranya adalah reaksi penolakan jaringan, stimulasi produksi antibodi, proses interaksi antigen dengan sel T. MHC kelas II diperlukan dalam proses presentasi antigen. Pengetahuan tentang MHC/HLA seseorang, dapat dipakai untuk memperkirakan risiko seseorang mendapatkan penyakit yang bersifat herediter atau kelainan imunologik. Dengan mengetahui bahwa MHC/HLA hanya dapat mengikat peptida, hal ini dapat dimanfaatkan untuk pencegahan reaksi alergi.

    4. "Vastu panna viimase meheni!" : Mälestused lahingutest Saaremaal 1941-1945 / Mart Laar

      Index Scriptorium Estoniae

      Laar, Mart, 1960-

      2004-01-01

      Rets. rmt.: Halten bis zum letzen Mann : der Kampf um Ösel : Erinnerungen an die Jahre 1941-1946 / herausgegeben von der Interessengemeinschaft "Ösel 1941-1944". Büsum : Interessengemeinschaft "Ösel 1941-1944", 2004

    5. Establishing Systemic Social and Emotional Learning Approaches in Schools: A Framework for Schoolwide Implementation

      Science.gov (United States)

      Oberle, Eva; Domitrovich, Celene E.; Meyers, Duncan C.; Weissberg, Roger P.

      2016-01-01

      Social and emotional learning (SEL) is a fundamental part of education. Incorporating high-quality SEL programming into day-to-day classroom and school practices has emerged as a main goal for many practitioners over the past decade. The present article overviews the current state of SEL research and practice, with a particular focus on the United…

    6. PEMODELAN TERAS UNTUK ANALISIS PERHITUNGAN KONSTANTA MULTIPLIKASI REAKTOR HTR-PROTEUS

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Zuhair Zuhair

      2015-04-01

      Full Text Available PTRKN sebagai salah satu unit kerja di BATAN dengan tugas pokok dan fungsi yang berkaitan erat dengan teknologi reaktor dan keselamatan nuklir, menaruh perhatian khusus pada konsep reaktor pebble bed. Dalam makalah ini pemodelan reaktor pebble bed HTR-PROTEUS dilakukan dengan program transport Monte Carlo MCNP5. Partikel bahan bakar berlapis TRISO dimodelkan secara detail dan eksak dimana distribusi acak partikel ini dalam bola bahan bakar didekati menggunakan array teratur kisi SC dengan fraksi packing 5,76% tanpa zona eksklusif. Model teras pebble bed didekati dengan memanfaatkan kisi teratur dari bola yang disusun sebagai kisi BCC berdasarkan sel berulang yang digenerasi dari sejumlah sel satuan. Hasil perhitungan MCNP5 memperlihatkan kesesuaian yang sangat baik dengan eksperimen, walaupun teras HTR-PROTEUS diprediksi lebih reaktif daripada pengukuran, khususnya di teras 4.2 dan 4.3. Pustaka ENDF/B-VI menunjukkan konsistensi dengan estimasi keff paling akurat dibandingkan pustaka ENDF/B-V, terutama ENDF/B-VI (66c. Deviasi estimasi keff yang dihitung dengan eksperimen dikaitkan sebagai konsekuensi dari komposisi reflektor grafit yang dispesifikasikan. Komparasi yang dibuat memperlihatkan bahwa MCNP5 menghasilkan keff teras HTR-PROTEUS lebih presisi daripada hasil dari MCNP4B dan MCNPBALL. Hasil ini menyimpulkan bahwa, sukses metodologi pemodelan ini menjustifikasi aplikasi MCNP5 untuk analisis reaktor pebble bed lainnya. Kata kunci: pemodelan teras HTR-PROTEUS, konstanta multiplikasi, MCNP5   PTRKN as a working unit in BATAN whose main duties and functions are related to reactor technology and nuclear safety, consern attention to pebble bed reactor concept. In this paper modeling of HTR-PROTEUS pebble bed reactor was done using Monte Carlo transport code MCNP5. The TRISO coated fuel particle is modeled in detailed and exact manner where random distributions of these particles in fuel pebble is approximated by using regular array of SC lattice

    7. Identification and Characterization of Genes That Interact with Lin-12 in Caenorhabditis Elegans

      OpenAIRE

      Tax, F. E.; Thomas, J. H.; Ferguson, E. L.; Horvitz, H. R.

      1997-01-01

      We identified and characterized 14 extragenic mutations that suppressed the dominant egg-laying defect of certain lin-12 gain-of-function mutations. These suppressors defined seven genes: sup-17, lag-2, sel-4, sel-5, sel-6, sel-7 and sel-8. Mutations in six of the genes are recessive suppressors, whereas the two mutations that define the seventh gene, lag-2, are semi-dominant suppressors. These suppressor mutations were able to suppress other lin-12 gain-of-function mutations. The suppressor ...

    8. Investigation of single event latchup

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Xue Yuxiong; Yang Shengsheng; Cao Zhou; Ba Dedong; An Heng; Chen Luojing; Guo Gang

      2012-01-01

      Radiation effects on avionics microelectronics are important reliability issues for many space applications. In particular, single-event latchup (SEL) phenomenon is a major threat to CMOS integrated circuits in space systems. To effectively circumvent the failure, it is important to know the behavior of such devices during latchup. In this paper, the mechanisms for SEL in CMOS devices are investigated. Several microelectronic devices used in avionics are tested using heavy ion beams, pulsed laser and 252 Cf source. Based on the SEL test results, SEL-hardening and monitoring methods for preventing SEL from the systems design level are proposed. (authors)

    9. Collected software engineering papers, volume 11

      Science.gov (United States)

      1993-01-01

      This document is a collection of selected technical papers produced by participants in the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) from November 1992 through November 1993. The purpose of the document is to make available, in one reference, some results of SEL research that originally appeared in a number of different forums. This is the 11th such volume of technical papers produced by the SEL. Although these papers cover several topics related to software engineering, they do not encompass the entire scope of SEL activities and interests. Additional information about the SEL and its research efforts may be obtained from the sources listed in the bibliography at the end of this document.

    10. Collected software engineering papers, volume 12

      Science.gov (United States)

      1994-01-01

      This document is a collection of selected technical papers produced by participants in the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) from November 1993 through October 1994. The purpose of the document is to make available, in one reference, some results of SEL research that originally appeared in a number of different forums. This is the 12th such volume of technical papers produced by the SEL. Although these papers cover several topics related to software engineering, they do not encompass the entire scope of SEL activities and interests. Additional information about the SEL and its research efforts may be obtained from the sources listed in the bibliography at the end of this document.

    11. Perbaikan Metode Penghitungan Debit Sungai Menggunakan Cubic Spline Interpolation

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Budi I. Setiawan

      2007-09-01

      Full Text Available Makalah ini menyajikan perbaikan metode pengukuran debit sungai menggunakan fungsi cubic spline interpolation. Fungi ini digunakan untuk menggambarkan profil sungai secara kontinyu yang terbentuk atas hasil pengukuran jarak dan kedalaman sungai. Dengan metoda baru ini, luas dan perimeter sungai lebih mudah, cepat dan tepat dihitung. Demikian pula, fungsi kebalikannnya (inverse function tersedia menggunakan metode. Newton-Raphson sehingga memudahkan dalam perhitungan luas dan perimeter bila tinggi air sungai diketahui. Metode baru ini dapat langsung menghitung debit sungaimenggunakan formula Manning, dan menghasilkan kurva debit (rating curve. Dalam makalah ini dikemukaan satu canton pengukuran debit sungai Rudeng Aceh. Sungai ini mempunyai lebar sekitar 120 m dan kedalaman 7 m, dan pada saat pengukuran mempunyai debit 41 .3 m3/s, serta kurva debitnya mengikuti formula: Q= 0.1649 x H 2.884 , dimana Q debit (m3/s dan H tinggi air dari dasar sungai (m.

    12. PERANCANGAN SISTEM PENILAIAN KINERJA DI STT ADISUTJIPTO SEBAGAI PENDUKUNG SISTEM PENJAMINAN MUTU

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Yasrin Zabidi

      2007-04-01

      Full Text Available Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Adisutjipto (STTA sebagai sebuah perguruan tinggi yang baru terbentuk sangatlah perlu untuk membentuk Sistem Pengukuran Kinerja (SPK demi terciptanya visi dan misi. SPK yang baik haruslah terintegrasi untuk semua unit dan aktivitas di perguruan tinggi. Indikator kinerja yang terbentuk tidak hanya berupa indikator kinerja finansial (keuangan tetapi juga indikator kinerja nonfinansial. Oleh karena itu peneliti mencoba merancang sistem pengukuran kinerja dengan melibatkan indikator kinerja finansial dan nonfinansial. Prores perancangan SPK menggunakan model Balanced Scorecard , yaitu keseimbangan antara finansial dan nonfinansial dengan didasarkan pada langkah-langkah (framework yaitu penetapan arsitek pengukuran, penentuan tujuan strategis (strategic objectives dari masing-masing perspektif (finansial, pelanggan, proses bisnis internal, belajar dan tumbuh, penentuan Key Performance Indicators (KPI dan penentuan target. Indikator-indikator kinerja (key performance indicators yang terbentuk dalam penelitian ini ada 45 indikator kinerja. Untuk melakukan penilaian kinerja adalah menggunakan lembar kerja pengukuran kinerja yang dirancang sedemikian rupa sehingga dapat memberikan gambaran mengenai kinerja.

    13. Biosensor Urea Berbasis Biopolimer Khitin Sebagai Matriks Immobilisasi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Nazruddin Nazaruddin

      2007-06-01

      Full Text Available Penelitian tentang biosensor urea menggunakan biopolimer khitin sebagai matriks immobilisasi telah dilakukan. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui kinerja biosensor yang dihasilkan yang meliputi sensitivitas, trayek pengukuran, limit deteksi, waktu respon, koefisien selektifitas, dan waktu hidup. Penelitian meliputi beberapa tahap yaitu pembuatan membran polimer khitin dan immobilisasi enzim urease, pelekatan membran khitin pada elektroda pH, dan pengukuran parameter kinerja elektroda. Hasil pengukuran menunjukkan sensitivitas biosensor urea berbasis membran khitin adalah 19,11 mV/dekade, trayek pengukuran 10-4 – 10-8 M, limit deteksi 10-8 M, waktu respon 3,10–6,02 menit, dengan urutan kekuatan ion penggangu: NH4Cl > NaCl > CH3COONa > campuran garam > KCl > CaCl2 > asam askorbat. Kata kunci: biosensor, immobilisasi, khitin, urea

    14. MANAJEMEN RANTAI PASOK DAN KINERJA AGROINDUSTRI PANGAN LOKAL SAGU DI PROPINSI MALUKU: SUATU PENDEKATAN MODEL PERSAMAAN STRUKTURAL

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Natelda Rosaldiah Timisela

      2014-07-01

      berlangsung baik dan lancar. Hasil analisis terhadap pengukuran indeks struktural statistik seperti indeks pengukuran GFI (0,901, AGFI (0,857, TLI (0,994, CFI (0,995, CMIN/DF (1,022, RMSEA (0,015, probabilitas (0,423 dan nilai χ2 (84,834. Data tersebut berada dalam rentang nilai yang diharapkan memenuhi kriteria. Kata kunci:  Manajemen rantai pasok, kinerja agroindustri, pangan lokal, dan model persamaan struktural

    15. Rancang Bangun Platform Sistem SFN TV Digital DVB-T2

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Rakhmat Oktariza

      2015-12-01

      Full Text Available Menyambut implementasi penuh standar penyiaran TV digital DVB-T2 di Indonesia, pemahaman konsep dan realisasi terkait skema alokasi frekuensi dan susunan pemancar-penerima amat diperlukan untuk dapat melakukan perencanaan jaringan yang matang. Adanya suatu platform untuk implementasi, pengukuran dan analisis kinerja sistem DVB-T2 akan sangat membantu hal tersebut. Tugas Akhir ini bertujuan merancang platform sistem Single Frequency Network (SFN untuk implementasi, pengukuran dan analisis pada aplikasi TV digital berstandar DVB-T2. Rancangan platform untuk pengukuran terdiri atas sebuah PC berisi card DekTec DTA-2131 dan antena UHF sebagai unit penerima, sedangkan dua buah PC berisi card DekTec DTA-2111 sebagai unit pemancar dan sebuah RF channel simulator ditambahkan untuk memungkinkan implementasi dan pengujian SFN secara mandiri dalam skala laboratorium. Pengukuran lapangan melalui drive test dilakukan dengan unit penerima sebagai evaluasi terhadap jaringan penyiaran TV digital di wilayah Gerbang Kertasusila. Hasil yang diperoleh kemudian digunakan dalam simulasi untuk menentukan rekomendasi skenario pengimplementasian SFN di wilayah tersebut, terutama dalam kaitannya dengan faktor Power Imbalance (PI antara dua atau lebih pemancar. Platform yang dirancang sudah mampu diaplikasikan untuk pengukuran dan evaluasi jaringan penyiaran existing. Sementara hasil pengukuran dari 8 test point memberikan rata-rata level RF sebesar -67,70 dBm dan CNR sebesar 20,40 dB untuk wilayah Gerbang Kertasusila. Skenario pasangan pemancar yang direkomendasikan dari hasil simulasi adalah Tx1-2 untuk SFN-SISO dan Tx2-3 untuk SFN-MISO.

    16. SKR-1, a homolog of Skp1 and a member of the SCFSEL-10 complex, regulates sex-determination and LIN-12/Notch signaling in C. elegans

      Science.gov (United States)

      Killian, Darrell J.; Harvey, Elizabeth; Johnson, Peter; Otori, Muneyoshi; Mitani, Shohei; Xue, Ding

      2008-01-01

      Sex-determination in C. elegans requires regulation of gene transcription and protein activity and stability. sel-10 encodes a WD40-repeat-containing F-box protein that likely mediates the ubiquitin-mediated degradation of important sex-determination factors. Loss of sel-10 results in a mild masculinization of hermaphrodites, whereas dominant alleles of sel-10, such as sel-10(n1074), cause a more severe masculinization, including a reversal of the life versus death decision in sex-specific neurons. To investigate about how sel-10 regulates sex-determination, we conducted a sel-10(n1074) suppressor screen and isolated a weak loss-of-function allele of skr-1, one of 21 Skp1-related genes in C. elegans. Skp1, Cullin, and F-box proteins, such as SEL-10, are components of the SCF E3 ubiquitin ligase complex. We present genetic evidence that the sel-10(n1074) masculinization phenotype is dependent upon skr-1 and cul-1 activity. Furthermore, we show that the SKR-1(M140I) weak loss-of-function mutation interferes with SKR-1/SEL-10 binding. Unexpectedly, we found that the G567E substitution in SEL-10 caused by the n1074 allele impairs the binding of SEL-10 to SKR-1 and the dimerization of SEL-10, which may be important for SEL-10 function. Our results suggest that SKR-1, CUL-1 and SEL-10 constitute an SCF E3 ligase complex that plays an important role in modulating sex-determination and LIN-12/Notch signaling in C. elegans. PMID:18718460

    17. MONTAGE: A Methodology for Designing Composable End-to-End Secure Distributed Systems

      Science.gov (United States)

      2012-08-01

      and verification, from PSOS [NF03] to the recent seL4 [KEH+09]. While they make considerable progress toward high-assurance OS, these works are not...of the specification itself. Examples include the seL4 microkernel work by Klein et al. [KEH+09], which presents the experience of formally proving...David Cock, Philip Derrin, Dhammika Elkaduwe, Kai Engelhardt, Rafal Kolanski, Michael Norrish, Thomas Sewell, Harvey Tuch, and Simon Winwood. sel4

    18. The Description Of 1 Liter Of Tears Written By Aya Kito

      OpenAIRE

      Yendie, Rizka

      2011-01-01

      Tulisan ini membahas arti dari judul novel 1 liter of Tears. Novel ini dibuat berdasarkan diary sang penulis Aya Kito dalam berjuang melawan penyakit yang tidak ada obatnya yaitu Spinocerebellar Ataxia (SCA), penyakit yang menyerang sel-sel penopang sel saraf. Awalnya penderita merasakan tubuhnya melemah. Berangsur-angsur kemampuan motorik penderita menurun. Sampai-sampai Aya-chan mengalami kesulitan menelan makanan, berbicara dan bahkan tersenyum. Aya-chan mulai merasakan gejala penyakit...

    19. Process improvement as an investment: Measuring its worth

      Science.gov (United States)

      Mcgarry, Frank; Jeletic, Kellyann

      1993-01-01

      This paper discusses return on investment (ROI) generated from software process improvement programs. It details the steps needed to compute ROI and compares these steps from the perspective of two process improvement approaches: the widely known Software Engineering Institute's capability maturity model and the approach employed by NASA's Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL). The paper then describes the specific investments made in the SEL over the past 18 years and discusses the improvements gained from this investment by the production organization in the SEL.

    20. An overview of the Software Engineering Laboratory

      Science.gov (United States)

      1994-01-01

      This report describes the background and structure of the SEL organization, the SEL process improvement approach, and its experimentation and data collection process. Results of some sample SEL studies are included. It includes a discussion of the overall implication of trends observed over 17 years of process improvement efforts and looks at the return on investment based on a comparison of total investment in process improvement with the measurable improvements seen in the organization's software product.