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Sample records for pemanfaatan mineral lokal

  1. Penyuluhan Dan Pelatihan Teknologi Pemanfaatan Tanaman Obat Berbasis Kearifan Dan Sumber Daya Alam Lokal Untuk Perbaikan Tingkat Kesehatan Masyarakat Desa Karangsari Wedomartani Sleman

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    Sri Handayani

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Program Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat ini bertujuan untuk memberikan penyuluhan dan pelatihan teknologi pemanfaatan tanaman obat berbasis kearifan dan sumber daya alam lokal untuk perbaikan tingkat kesehatan masyarakat desa karangsari wedomartani Sleman. Pada akhirnya kegiatan ini akan memberikan wawasan, pengetahuan, kemampuan, dan keterampilan kepada warga terutama para remaja dan  ibu –ibu dalam memanfaatkan bahan alam di lingkungan sekitar sebagai minuman kesehatan. Kegiatan ini dilaksanakan pada tanggal 7 Agustus 2016 dengan peserta kegiatan adalah remaja dan ibu-ibu PKK desa Wedomartani Sleman. Kegiatan ini diawali dengan analisis permasalahan di lapangan, diikuti oleh persiapan rancangan  pelaksanaan program, pelatihan dan sosialisasi program yang dilengkapi alat dan bahan serta sarana dan prasarana penunjang kegiatan. Kegiatan diakhiri dengan sosialisasi serta pengarahan pembuatan minuman kesehatan berbasis sumber daya alam local. Hasil kegiatan ini menunjukkan bahwa 100% para peserta pelatihan merasakan bahwa kegiatan ini bermanfaat dan memiliki kemauan yang kuat untuk belajar hal baru. Dengan pelatihan yang berkelanjutan,diharapkan peserta memiliki pengetahuan dan keterampilan yang dapat digunakan untuk meningkatkan kualitas hidup bahkan menunjang kebutuhan ekonomi.   Kata kunci: Tanaman obat, sumber daya alam local

  2. PREFERENSI DAN MOTIVASI MASYARAKAT LOKAL DALAM PEMANFAATAN SUMBERDAYA HUTAN DI TAMAN NASIONAL LORE LINDU, PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGAH (Preference and Motivation of Local Community in Utilization of Forest Resource in Lore Lindu National Park

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    Sudirman Daeng Massiri

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Banyak pihak masih meragukan nilai masyarakat terkait hutan alasan bahwa masyarakat lokal itu adalah perusak hutan, tidak dapat membatasi konsumsinya terhadap sumberdaya hutan dan dipandang sebagai masalah dalam konservasi sumberdaya hutan. Akibatnya, kebijakan pengelolaan hutan yang melibatkan masyarakat masih menjadi bahan perdebatan, utamanya dalam pengelolaan kawasan konservasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan memberikan gambaran tentang preferensi dan motivasi masyarakat lokal terhadap pemanfaatan sumberdaya hutan di kawasan Taman Nasional Lore Lindu (TNLL provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Penelitian ini menerapkan metode survei, yang dilaksanakan pada dua tipe komunitas masyarakat lokal di sekitar TNLL yakni masyarakat desa homogen dan masyarakat desa heterogen. Data preferensi pemanfaatan hutan diperoleh melalui metode skor dengan menggunakan distribusi kartu yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat lokal, sedangkan data motivasi diperoleh melalui wawancara kepada masyarakat menggunakan kuesioner. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai preferensi kegunaan hutan yang tertinggi bagi masyarakat lokal adalah kegunaan hutan untuk perlindungan dan pengaturan air. Nilai tertinggi preferensi kegunaan hutan di zona rimba kompatibel dengan tujuan pengelolaan TNLL, sedangkan di zona pemanfaatan dan zona rehabilitasi masih ditemukan nilai preferensi yang tertinggi yang tidak kompatibel dengan tujuan pengelolaan TNLL. Masyarakat lokal yang bermukim di sekitar TNLL tidak hanya memiliki motivasi atas dasar kebutuhan material yang tinggi terhadap sumberdaya di TNLL tetapi juga memiliki motivasi sosial yang tinggi dan bahkan memiliki motivasi moral yang sangat tinggi. Dengan demikian, masyarakat lokal itu perlu dilibatkan dalam pengelolaan taman nasional melalui pengaturan institusi yang tepat.   ABSTRACT Many people still doubt the value of local community related to forest, because they think that the local communities are destroyers of the forest, cannot limit their

  3. Penggunaan Formula Mineral Lokal dalam Ransum Ayam Petelur

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    Khalil

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A mineral formula composed of three locally available materials: limestone originated from Bukit Kamang of West Sumatra, freshwater oyster shell and bone meal and fortified with micro minerals of Cu, Zn and I was investigated as mineral supplement for diet of laying hens. The experimental diets were: P0 (diet contained of 6% commercial mineral, P1 (diet contained of 6% local mineral, P2 (diet contained of 6% Bukit Kamangs’ limestone and P3 (diet contained of 6% fresh water oyster shell meal. The total of four experimental diets was then fed to 120 laying hens. The hens were divided into 3 groups based on body weight: heavy, medium and light. Each group was subdivided into 4 subgroups in accordance with number of treatments, so that each treatment consisted of 3 replicates containing of 10 hens. Parameters measured included: feed intake, hen-day egg production, feed conversion ratio (FCR, eggshell quality, mineral retention and mineral composition of tibia bone. Data were subjected to statistical analysis using variance analysis in a completely block design with 4 treatments and 3 blocks as replicates The results showed that the egg weight and eggshell qualities were found not significantly difference, but different mineral sources gave significant effect on egg production and bone mineralization. The laying performances and tibia bone weight of chickens fed diet mixed with the local mineral formula were found not significantly different with those fed diet mixed with commercial formula, but significantly better (P<0.05 than those of fed diet mixed with only limestone or oyster shell. Hens fed with diet mixed with Bukit Kamangs’ limestone showed better performances and heavier tibia bone than those fed with diet mixed with oyster shell. It was concluded that the local mineral formula could be used as sole mineral source for laying hens. The nutritive value of Bukit Kamangs’ limestone was better than that of fresh water oyster shell.

  4. PERSIAPAN DAN PENYUSUNAN BAHAN BAKU LOKAL UNTUK FORMULASI PAKAN IKAN

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    Kamaruddin Kamaruddin

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Usaha budidaya ikan dalam keramba jaring apung masih mengandalkan pasok pakan alami berupa ikan rucah yang dapat mencapai 60%--70% dari total biaya produksi. Karena itu perlu pengadaan pakan buatan yang memenuhi persyaratan kebutuhan nutrisi bagi pembesaran ikan, baik makro maupun mikro nutrien diperlukan sebagai informasi dasar dalam upaya pengembangan pakan buatan. Terdapat banyak bahan baku lokal yang sangat potensial dijadikan bahan baku pakan, seperti: ikan rucah, rebon, kepala udang (limbah cold storage, tepung darah (limbah pemotongan hewan, dan tepung DOC (limbah penetasan ayam. Dari beberapa bahan baku tersebut telah dianalisis kandungan nutrisinya dan telah dilakukan uji kecernaan masing-masing bahan menunjukkan bahwa bahan tersebut dapat mensubstitusi bahan baku impor tepung ikan sebagai sumber protein hewani. Selain bahan hewani, juga telah dilakukan analisis kandungan nutrisi bahan nabati lokal, seperti pemanfaatan bungkil kelapa sawit, bungkil kopra, dan dedak halus. Untuk menghasilkan pakan yang berkualitas, maka semua bahan harus dalam bentuk tepung yang halus, serta mempunyai keseimbangan antara protein, lemak, dan energi serta suplemen vitamin dan mineral.

  5. USAHA DOMESTIFIKASI TUMBUHAN POKEM (Setaria italica L.) MASYARAKAT LOKAL PULAU NUMFOR, KABUPATEN BIAK NUMFOR SEBAGAI UPAYA MENUNJANG KETAHANAN PANGAN NASIONAL (The Effort of Domestication of Pokem {Setaria italica (L.) Beauv} by Local Communities)

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    Suharno, Suharno; Sufaati, Supeni; Agustini, Verena; Tanjung, Rosye Hefmi Rechnelty

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRAK Daya dukung lingkungan (habitat) sangat berpengaruh terhadap pemenuhan kebutuhan hidup manusia. Usaha domestikasi tumbuhan pokem (Setaria italica L.) di Pulau Numfor Kabupaten Biak Numfor telah diusahakan sejak lama oleh masyarakat lokal. Tumbuhan yang termasuk kelompok rumput–rumputan (Familia: Poaceae) telah dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan pangan lokal. Tujuan dari kajian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pemanfaatan dan proses budidaya yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat lokal di pulau Numfor ...

  6. Strategi Pengembangan Daerah Growth Pole melalui Pemanfaatan Potensi Lokal

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    Rusdarti Rusdarti

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to determine the leading sectors that could be developed in each district in Cilacap Regency as a growth pole area. We use location quotient, shift share, and klassen typology as analysis methods. The research results show that not all of the district at Cilacap regency have a leading sector. Further, districts that have leading sectors are as follows. Wanareja only has a leading sector, i.e. agriculture. Secondly, Kawunganten has two leading sectors, agriculture and finance, rent, and company services. Thirdly, Agriculture becomes the only leading sector of Kampung Laut District. Fourthly, Mining and extraction are the leading sectors of Kesugihan District. Fifthly, Sampang District has buildings and finance sectors as the leading sectors. Sixthly, Kroya District leads in trade, hotel, and restaurant sectors. Seventhly, South Cilacap District leads in mining and extraction sectors. Eighthly, Central Cilacap District has manufacturing, electricity, gas and clean water, building and services as leading sectors. Lastly, North Cilacap District has electricity, gas and clean water, manufacturing, building and services as leading sectors. Abstrak   Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menentukan sektor unggulan yang dapat dikembangkan di tiap kecamatan di Kabupaten Cilacap sebagai salah satu daerah growth pole. Alat analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu location quotient, shift share dan klassen typologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak semua kecamatan di kabupaten Cilacap memiliki sektor unggulan. Beberapa daerah yang memiliki sektor unggulan diantaranya adalah  Kecamatan Wanareja hanya memiliki satu sektor unggulan yaitu pertanian. Kedua adalah Kecamatan Kawunganten memiliki dua sektor unggulan yaitu sektor pertanian dan sektor keuangan, persewaan dan jasa perusahaan. Kecamatan Kampung Laut, dimana sektor pertanian pada kecamatan ini sangatlah unggul. Kecamatan kesugihan juga memiliki satu sektor unggulan yaitu sektor pertambangan dan penggalian. Kecamatan yang kelima yaitu Kecamatan Sampang, unggul dalam sektor bangunan dan sektor keuangan, persewaan dan jasa perusahaan. Keenam adalah Kecamatan Kroya unggul dalam sektor perdagangan, hotel dan restoran. Ketujuh yaitu Kecamatan Cilacap Selatan, sektor pertambangan dan penggalian di wilayah ini termasuk unggul. Cilacap tengah memiliki banyak sektor unggulan, diantaranya adalah sektor Industri pengolahan, sektor listrik, gas dan air bersih, sektor bangunan serta sektor jasa-jasa. Dan Kecamatan Cilacap Utara, sektor yang tergolong unggul dalam kecamatan ini adalah sektor listrik, gas dan air bersih, sektor industri pengolahan, sektor bangunan dan sektor jasa-jasa.

  7. Pemanfaatan Facebook Ads Untuk meningkatkan Brand Awareness pada Produk Lokal

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    Gita Aprinta

    2016-01-01

    Facebook ads is the most recent feature ad in facebook. Its simply stated as paid advertisment to help products in increasing their brand awareness.  The objective is to optimazing brands who want to reach thousands of costumers, by maximzing promotion through facebook ads.  Brand awareness is quite important for costumer to help them recalling brand, doing the purchasing, and have loyal to specific brand. Facebook ads providing huge opportunity for  each costumer to know, recall, involve and...

  8. Pemanfaatan Facebook Ads Untuk meningkatkan Brand Awareness pada Produk Lokal

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    Gita Aprinta

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Facebook ads is the most recent feature ad in facebook. Its simply stated as paid advertisment to help products in increasing their brand awareness.  The objective is to optimazing brands who want to reach thousands of costumers, by maximzing promotion through facebook ads.  Brand awareness is quite important for costumer to help them recalling brand, doing the purchasing, and have loyal to specific brand. Facebook ads providing huge opportunity for  each costumer to know, recall, involve and participate in sharing information to other social media users.

  9. Pemanfaatan Nilai Ekonomi Hak Cipta Oleh Masyarakat Lokal

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    Idris, Isran

    2010-01-01

    Hak kekayaan intelektual merupakan implikasi dari perkembangan perdagangan internasional, terutama negara industri. Pada negara berkembang pemahaman dan perlindungan hak kekayaan intelektual kurang mendapat perhatian yang menyebabkan banyaknya pelanggaran hak kekayaan intelektual, dan merugikan para pencipta dan penemu. Hak kekayaan intelektual mempunyai peranan penting dalam lalu lintas ekonomi, baik regional maupun internasional termasuk investasi suatu negara untuk memacu pertumbuhan ekono...

  10. Pemanfaatan Nilai Ekonomi Hak Cipta oleh Masyarakat Lokal

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    Idris, Isran

    2010-01-01

    Hak kekayaan intelektual merupakan implikasi dari perkembangan perdagangan Internasional, terutama negara industri. Pada negara berkembang pemahaman dan perlindungan hak kekayaan intelektual kurang mendapat perhatian yang menyebabkan banyaknya pelanggaran hak kekayaan intelektual, dan merugikan para pencipta dan penemu. Hak kekayaan intelektual mempunyai peranan penting dalam lalu lintas ekonomi, baik regional maupun Internasional termasuk investasi suatu negara untuk memacu pertumbuhan ekono...

  11. PENGELOLAAN ADAPTIF PEMANFAATAN BUAH HITAM (Haplolobus monticola Blumea ETNIS WANDAMEN-PAPUA (Adaptive Management Utilization of Black Fruit (Haplolobus monticola Blumea Ethnic Wandamen-Papua

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    Antoni Ungirwalu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Kajian ekologi budaya bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan karakteristik lingkungan ekologi dan sosial-budaya masyarakat adat etnis Wandamen-Papua dalam mengkonstruksi pengelolaan sumberdaya alam adaptif untuk pemanfaatan buah hitam (Haplolobus monticola Blumea sebagai salah satu dasar pertimbangan penting bagi penyusunan kebijakan pengelolaan hutan berkelanjutan di Papua. Pengelolaan sumberdaya alam adaptif buah hitam dipengaruhi oleh karakteristik sosial budaya etnis Wandamen yang memiliki pola kepemilikan dan penguasaan sumber daya alam (SDA meliputi: tanah, perairan, dan hutan. Masing-masing dalam lingkungan wilayah adatnya yang bersifat komunal, dibentuk dari pola kekerabatan dengan tipe Iroquois dan diwariskan melalui sistem patrilineal. Struktur sosial etnis Wandamen-Papua bersifat askriptif dalam kemajemukan sosial-budaya (banyak sub-etnis, namun dalam perkembangnnya hanya sub-etnis Wamesa yang memiliki kearifan lokal tentang pemanfaatan tumbuhan buah hitam yang dijumpai pada tipologi habitat ekologi, meliputi: hutan alam, hutan sekunder, dan kebun-pekarangan. Konstruksi etnoekologi pemanfaatan SDA buah hitam bagi etnis Wandamen memiliki enam wujud, yaitu sebagai sumberdaya lokal, pengetahuan lokal, nilai lokal, teknologi lokal, mekanisme pengembilan keputusan lokal, serta solidaritas kelompok lokal.   ABSTRACT Study of cultural ecology aimed to describe the characteristics of the ecological factors and socio-culture of indigenous ethnic of Wandamen-Papua in constructing the adaptive management of natural resources for the use of black fruit (Haplolobus monticola Blumea that is necessary for policy-making of the sustainable forest management in Papua. Adaptive management of natural resource of black fruits depend mainly on the characteristics of social culture of Wandamen ethnic. The management have a pattern of ownership and control of Natural Resources (NR i.e.: soil, water, and forests. They are the customary territory on the

  12. ANALISIS KESESUAIAN VEGETASI LOKAL UNTUK RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU (RTH JALUR JALAN DI PUSAT KOTA KUPANG

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    Irene Lestari

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Keberadaan Ruang Terbuka Hijau (RTH sebagai kawasan yang dapat menyokong lingkungan perkotaan mutlak dibutuhkan karena besarnya manfaat yang diberikan terhadap kehidupan masyarakat dalam menyokong kualitas dan kuantitas lingkungan perkotaan.Penyediaan RTH harus memperhatikan fungsi kawasan dan vegetasi.Setiap vegetasi memiliki fungsi dan manfaat yang berbeda, sehingga fungsi vegetasi sebaiknya disesuaikan dengan fungsi kawasan.Hal ini mengupayakan agar fungsi RTH dapat terwujud secara optimal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis vegetasi lokal yang sesuai dalam perencanaan RTH jalur jalan di pusat kota Kupang. RTH jalur jalan merupakan  jalur hijau yang berada pada sekitar kawasan jalan yang terdiri dari RTH pada trotoar, pulau jalan dan bagian jalan yang memungkinkan untuk ditanami vegetasi. Fungsi vegetasi pada jalur jalan meliputi fungsi ekologi sebagai penunjang utama dan fungsi estetika sebagai fungsi pendukung. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis koefisien penilaian ideal (KPI berdasarkan peraturan menteri PU nomor 05/prt/m/2008 tentang pedoman penyediaan dan pemanfaatan RTH di kawasan perkotaan dan Direktorat Jendral Bina Marga tentang tata cara perencanaan teknik lansekap jalan nomor 033/t/bm/1996. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa vegetasi lokal yang sesuai untuk jalur jalan di pusat kota Kupang terdiri atas tanaman peneduh (pulai, lontar, johar dan tanaman hias (bakung, kembang sepatu, oleander, lidah mertua. Kata Kunci : RTH Jalur Jalan, Fungsi Kawasan, Vegetasi Lokal, Koefisiensi Penilaian Ideal (KPI.

  13. Pemanfaatan Hasil Eksplorasi Plasmanutfah Jeruk Nusantara

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    Emi Budiyati

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia memiliki keanekaragaman  jenis jeruk unggul  lokal maupun nasional   yang tersebar diseluruh nusantara dari sabang sampai merauke,  dan berpotensi  dikembangkan serta didayagunakan untuk mendukung ketahanan pangan, khususnya untuk memenuhi kebutuhan vitamin dan mineral masyarakat seiring  dengan bertambahnya penduduk yang terus meningkat dari tahun ketahun.  Penelitian  bertujuan untuk identifikasi hasil eksplorasi plasmanutfah jeruk nusantara  berdasarkan kemanfaatan sesuai jenisnya.  Penelitian dilakukan dari tahun 2010 -2013  diseluruh daerah sentra jeruk  Maluku Utara, Maluku tenggara,  Kalimantan Timur, dan Jawa Timur. Metodologi dengan  survei  dan exploratif,  kordinasi dengan Diperta, BPTP, Kebun Raya LIPI serta wawancara dengan penduduk lokal.  Hasil penelitian telah mendapat 30 Asesi Jeruk yang terdiri  citrus  reculata, citrus maxima,  citrus  ambicarpha dan   citrus aurantivolia dan  Menjadi  3 macam jenis berdasarkan pemanfaatannya  yaitu sebagai  buah segar (Pamelo, Keprok dan Manis, olahan dan jenis  biofarmaka (Nipis. Nipis Jumbo, Jerpaya, dan  Jari Buda membukaKata kunci:   buah, eksplorasi, jeruk, plasmanutfah, varietas

  14. DINAMIKA MASYARAKAT LOKAL DI PERBATASAN

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    Zaenuddin Hudi Prasojo

    2012-12-01

    Masyarakat perbatasan yang ada di Indonesia cenderung masuk dalam kelompok masyarakat yang tertinggal dari berbagai aspek pembangunan. Kajian mengenai masyarakat lokal di wilayah-wilayah perbatasan di Indonesia belum terlalu meng­gembirakan baik dari segi jumlah maupun dari segi dampak hasil kajian yang berupa aksi kebijakan pasca kajian. Nanga Badau yang terletak di daerah per­batasan Kalimantan Barat (Indonesia dan Serawak (Malaysia merupakan salah satu wilayah perbatasan yang tertinggal. Tulisan ini memoret isu-isu dinamika dan eksistensi tradisi lokal dalam kerangka globalisasi. Tampak bahwa sikap ramah dan menghormati pendatang merupakan salah satu bentuk nyata bahwa mereka sangat terbuka dengan adanya arus global dan lokal. Mereka juga me­miliki kesadaran diri akan posisi mereka sebagai bagian dari penduduk dunia. Adanya ruang interaksi bagi dunia luar, seperti mudahnya akses keluar masuk ke negara lain mengakibatkan pola interaksi, informasi dan komunikasi etnis Iban menjadi berkembang. Hal tersebut dapat dilihat pada aktivitas masyarakat Iban sehari-hari yang telah memanfaatkan dan menggunakan perangkat handphone, televisi dan teknologi modern lainnya.

  15. KONVERGENSI MEDIA SURAT KABAR LOKAL (Studi Deskriptif Pemanfaatan Internet Pada Koran Tribun Jogja dalam Membangun Industri Media Cetak Lokal

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    Khadziq Khadziq

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Persaingan media dan perkembangan Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi (TIK yang membawa tren baru dalam dunia industri komunikasi. Instrument untuk menghadapinya adalah konvergensi yang berorientasi pada kepentingan konsumen dan pemilik media. Media yang telah terkonvergensi juga berpengaruh terhadap besarnya kepentingan ekonomi politik dalam penerapan konvergensi. Pengumpulan datanya dilakukan dengan cara observasi dan wawancara mendalam serta kajian literatur. Hasil analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahwa strategi 3M (Multimedia, Multichannel dan Multiplatform digunakan Tribun Jogja menjadi salah satu alternative strategi untuk menerapkan konvergensi dan mentransformasikan dirinya menuju full convergence. Sedangkan pada ekonomi politik nya terlihat bahwa melalui penerapan konvergensi media ini, maka dengan komodifikasi yaitu adanya pengambilan dan penyeragaman konten di antara sesama media yang berada di bawah jaringan Tribun akan mendapatkan keuntungan melalui pasokan pengiklan, begitu pula spasialisasi yang memungkinkan penyaluran konten berita secara realtime dapat mengurangi biaya tenaga kerja, administratif, dan material. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah konvergensi yang dilakukan adalah konvergensi kontekstual yaitu konvergensi yang disesuaikan dengan kebutuhan dan kondisi budaya perusahaan dan masyarakat. Ini terbukti konvergensi dapat terlaksana tanpa melakukan perubahan radikal dengan menyatukan newsroom cetak dan online, media sudah dapat melakukan konvergensi. Kata-kata kunci: Konvergensi media, Rangkaian Konvergensi, Ekonomi politik media dan Tribun Jogja Abstract Media competition and the development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT, which brings a new trend in the world of the communications industry. Instrument to deal with it is the convergence oriented to the interests of consumers and media owners. Media who had converged also affect the amount of economic and political interests in the application of convergence. Data collection is done by observation and in-depth interviews and review of the literature. Descriptive analysis showed that the strategy of 3M (Multimedia, Multichannel and Multiplatform used Tribun Jogja be one alternative strategy for implementing the convergence and transforming itself towards full convergence. While in political economy it is seen that through the application of media convergence, then the commodification that is their decision and uniformity of content among media that are under the network Tribune will benefit through the supply of advertisers, as well as spatialization that enables the distribution of news content in real time can reduce labor costs, administrative and material. The conclusion from this study is that convergence is the convergence contextual done that convergence is tailored to the needs and conditions of the corporate culture and society. It proved convergence can be accomplished without a radical change by uniting print and online newsrooms, media have to do convergence. Keywords: media convergence, Continuum Convergence, the media and political economy, Tribun Jogja Newspaper.

  16. PEMANFAATAN PANGAN LOKAL DI PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR: Pengolahan Pangan Lokal Menjadi Tepung, Analisis Usaha dan Implikasi Kebijakannya

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    Yusuf

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT province identically with the dry land that had the potential of local food diversity both of tubers, cereal and fruits groups. Food processing based on local food, especially the tubers are still very limited in NTT. The objectives of this studi are (1 to determine the physico chemical characteristics of modified cassava flour (mocaf, sweet potato flour and corn flour, (2 to determine the financial feasibility of mocaf, sweet potato flour and corn flour in Timor Tengah Selatan regency, NTT. Introduction approach of processing through the understanding and skills of processing of mocaf, sweet potato flour and corn flour in two women farmers groups (KWT, namely KWT Suka Maju Ajaobaki Village Mollo Utara District and KWT Hetven Kesetnana village Mollo Selatan District, Timor Tengah Selatan regency. Introductions of processing technology has been done after optimization of the processing in the Laboratory of BPTP NTT. The results showed that the local food such as cassava, sweet potato and corn can be processed into flour so can increase the added value and increase the competitiveness of local food. Local food flour can be used as a wheat flour substitute in food processing. Flouring effort of mocaf, sweet potatoes and corn had been managed efficiently indicated by revenue cost ratio (RCR value is more than 1.00.

  17. BIOTIPE ISOLAT LOKAL ENTEROBACTER SAKAZAKII

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    Iza Ayu Saufani

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Enterobacter sakazakii telah diklasifikasikan ke dalam 16 biogrup berdasarkan sifat biokimianya dan menjadi 3 biogrup berdasarkan 20 reaksi biokimia dengan perangkat cepat API 20E. Pada tahun 2007, Iversen mengklasifikasi ulang Enterobacter sakazakii menjadi Cronobacter spp. berdasarkan sifat genotip dan biokimia seperti uji indol, pemanfaatan malonat, dan kemampuannya memproduksi asam dari dulsitol serta metil-α-D-glukosida. Pengelompokan berdasarkan sifat biokimia terhadap genus dan spesies ini belum banyak dilakukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengelompokkan Enterobacter sakazakii yang telah diisolasi dan terkonfirmasi menggunakan PCR berdasarkan gen penyandi 16S rRNA-nya pada penelitian sebelumnya. Pengelompokan dilakukan dengan menggunakan perangkat cepat RapID ONE® dan 4 reaksi biokimia Iversen. Hasil klasifikasi menggunakan RapID ONE® kemudian dibandingkan dengan hasil klasifikasi menggunakan API 20E yang telah dilaporkan sebelumnya. Dengan menggunakan RapID ONE diperoleh 9 isolat Enterobacter sakazakii, 9 isolat Enterobacter cloacae dan 1 isolat Enterobacter cancerogenus dari 19 isolat yang diteliti. Kesembilan belas isolat uji tersebut dapat dikelompokkan menjadi 16 biotipe. Jika dibandingkan dengan menggunakan API 20E, terdapat 8 isolat yang juga teridentifikasi sebagai Enterobacter sakazakii. Berdasarkan 4 reaksi biokimia Iversen, 15 dari 19 isolat di atas dapat diklasifikasikan ke dalam Cronobacter spp. Uji pirolidonil disarankan untuk mengklasifikasikan 4 isolat yang tidak terklasifikasi dengan 4 reaksi biokimia Iversen.

  18. PEMANFAATAN KOLAM PENGENDAP TAMBANG BATUBARA UNTUK BUDIDAYA IKAN LOKAL DALAM KERAMBA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asfie Maidie

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Uji coba budidaya dalam keramba telah dilakukan untuk mengetahui kelayakan kolam pengendap tambang batubara untuk areal budidaya ikan bagi masyarakat sekitar apabila kegiatan tambang telah ditutup, serta untuk mengetahui apakah produk ikan yang dihasilkan cukup aman untuk dikonsumsi manusia. Percobaan dilakukan pada bekas kolam pengendap DS2 milik PT KPC, dengan mengunakan 5 buah keramba apung berukuran 3 m x 1 m x 1 m yang dalam setiap keramba ditebar benih dari alam untuk ikan repang (Barbodes schwanenfeldii ukuran rata-rata 20,2 g; puyau (Osteichilus kappenii ukuran 66,1 g; dan mas (Cyprinus carpio ukuran 28,96 g dari pemijahan di laboratorium sebanyak masing-masing 200 ekor, serta pepuyu (Anabas testudineus ukuran rata-rata 41,4 g dari alam sebanyak 50 ekor, udang galah (Macrobrachium rosenbergii ukuran 113,8 g juga dari alam sebanyak 50 ekor. Pakan diberikan secara sampai kenyang (ad libitum. DO, pH, suhu, DHL, dan kekeruhan diukur harian, sedangkan ikan diukur pertumbuhan bobotnya. Setelah dipelihara selama 4 bulan dan memenuhi ukuran konsumsi, ikan dan udang diperiksa kandungan Sb, Se, As, Hg, Mn, Cd, Fe, Cu, Pb, dan Zn. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bekas kolam pengendap tambang batubara cukup layak untuk dikembangkan sebagai areal budidaya ikan dengan memberikan pertumbuhan bobot populasi sebesar 570,79% (repang, SR: 95%, 202,57% (puyau, SR: 97%, 573% (mas, SR: 2,5%, 238,92% (udang galah, SR: 10%, 447,10% (pepuyu, SR: 14% dan produknya cukup aman untuk dikonsumsi, dengan kandungan Sb (0,24-2,45 mg/L, rasio terdeteksi dari sample: 100%, Se (0,00-0,06, 57,14%, As (tidak terdeteksi/ttd, Hg (0,00-0,06 mg/L, 50%, Mn (ttd-1,68 mg/L, 14,29%, Cd (ttd, Fe (ttd-5,45 mg/L, 7,14%, Cu (ttd, Pb (ttd, dan Zn (7,82-61,50 mg/L, 100%. The experiment was conducted to study the feasibility of settling or sedimentation pond of coal mining to be used for culturing fish in net cage for local people post  mining activities. Experimental 3 m x 1 m x 1 m of 5 floating net cages were located in DS 2, an abandoned settling pond owned by Kalimantan Timur Prima Coal (KPC. Each cage was stocked with natural barb seed (Barbodes schwanenfeldii with mean weight of 20.2 g, fresh water carp or puyau (Osteichilus kappenii with mean weight of 66.1 g, and common carp (Cyprinus carpio with mean weight of 28.96 g from fish hatchery with density of 200 seeds per species per cage, wild seed of climbing pearch (Anabas testudineus with mean weight of 41.4 g and density of 50 seeds per cage, and giant prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii with mean weight 113.8 g and density of 50 seeds per cage. The fishes were feed ad libitum. Water quality parameters were measured daily consisting of DO, pH, temperature, conductivity, and turbidity, while fish growth was determined by measuring its weight. After 4 months of rearing and reached marketable size, the fish were then measured for the evidence of Sb, Se, As, Hg, Mn, Cd, Fe, Cu, Pb, and Zn. The result shows that the settlement pond of coal mining is feasible to rear fish in cage. The recorded fish growths were 570.79% for barb fish with survival rate/SR: 95%, 202.57% for local carp with SR: 97%, 573% for common carp with SR:2.5%, 238.92% for giant prawn with SR:10%, 447.10% for climbing perch with SR:14%. All of the reared fish are safe to be consumed because they have normal content of Sb (0.24 to 2.45 mg/L, and detected ratio in all sample was: 100%, Se (0.00 to 0.06; 57.14%, As (not detected/nd, Hg (0.00 to 0.06 mg/L, 50%, Mn (nd to 1,68 mg/L, 14.29%, Cd (nd, Fe (nd-5.45 mg/L, 7.14%, Cu (nd, Pb (nd, and Zn (7.82-61.50 mg/L, 100%.

  19. PEMANFAATAN SUMBERDAYA PERIKANAN BERBASIS KEARIFAN LOKAL DI WILAYAH PESISIR KABUPATEN KUTAI TIMUR

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    JULIANI JULIANI

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to examine the characteristics of fishing communities in the coastal areas of East Kutai Regency. The fishing communities form a distinctive community and dependent on the existence of natural resources in the vicinity. There are various forms of local wisdom possessed by the fishing community with regard to their main activity is fishing activities. Various forms of local wisdom includes beliefs and taboos when performing catch activities, ethics and rules on fishing activities, techniques and technologies applied catchs, as well as the practices and traditions of management and use of natural resources. Location of the study was 7 districts in the coastal area of East Kutai Regency has a fairly large fishery potential fishery households with large amounts of which are Teluk Pandan, South Sangatta, North Sangatta, Bengalon, Kaliorang Sangkulirang and Sandaran. This study basically using sampling techniques are not random (non-probability that a purposive sampling technique. Determination of respondents with purposive sampling method based certain considerations that are taken based on the purposed of research. Resource management in the form of: a the existence of indigenous institutions that play a role in regulating the management and utilization of marine resources and coastal fisheries, b the establishment of a group of fishermen and farmers institutional accompanied by coaching and mentoring more effective in cooperation with governments, companies and research institutions, c the existence of institutional gathering “yasinan” fisherman woman who has the role of venture capital can both strengthen fisheries, d determination agreement fishing area and type of fishing gear that is allowed for certain waters

  20. MENGELOLA KONFLIK PEMANFAATAN RUANG BERBASIS NILAI NILAI LOKAL RUANG KOTA KORIDOR JALAN MALIOBORO - KOTA JOGJAKARTA

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    Edi Purwanto

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Corridor of Malioboro Street has the potential to spatial utilization conflict. Spatial agents think and attempt to build a strategy in order to remain and be able to utilize spaces for activities, but by reducing risks of conflicts as minimum as possible. The question is how is the strategy to manage spatial utilization conflict that they build together? This research applied the approach of phenomenology naturalistic, the research finding shows that the spatial consensus concept built in spatial utilization. The spatial consensus built based on compromises and negotiation has been built in a long period of time. The agreement based on their own initiatives, the representative system was through the community and association boards, and using the third party as facilitator. The substance contained in spatial consensus concept is building the communication to deal with the utilization of space collectively and in the same or different period of time by still prioritizing the principle of togetherness, tolerance, and mutual understanding not to harm others and then called as local values used as the norms and institution to agree with collectively.

  1. Pemanfaatan Situs Web Resmi Lembaga Pendidikan sebagai Sumber Berita oleh Wartawan Surat Kabar Lokal di Yogyakarta

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    Narayana Mahendra Prastya

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This resarch based on concept that stated internet give organization advantages in media relations activities. Educational institution being chosen because media relations is important for them. This research uses descriptive qualitative method. The data-collecting technique is interview. The informant of the interview is representative from newsroom local newspapers in Yogyakarta. The research result shows that informant give their trust to official website from educational organization. Informant use the information to explore the issue and/or as alternative when they face condition lack of news. Informant also criticize the information quality and the structure of information that published on official website.

  2. PEMBENTUKAN ISOMORFISMA DARI GELANGGANG FAKTOR KE GELANGGANG FAKTOR LOKAL

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    Amir Kamal Amir

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Suatu gelanggang lokal adalah gelanggang yang hanya mempunyai  satu ideal maksimal.  Ideal prim suatu gelanggang dapat dipakai untuk mencari gelanggang local dan dapat juga dipakai untuk membentuk gelanggang faktor. Sedangkan ideal maksimal dari gelanggang lokal dapat dipakai untuk membentuk gelanggang faktor lokal. Tulisan ini akan  memaparkan secara lebih terperinci dan jelas, sehingga akan lebih mudah dimengerti, mengenai gelanggang faktor dan pembentukan isomorfisma antara gelanggang faktor dengan gelanggang faktor lokal.  Keywords: faktor ,  gelanggang  lokal, maksimal, multiplikatif,  ideal prim.

  3. Pemanfaatan Biometric Fingerprint sebagai Media Pembayaran Transjakarta Berbasis Electronic Money

    OpenAIRE

    Muhajir, Ahmad; Ristiyanti, Lia; Harsono, Shabrina Utami

    2017-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pemanfaatan lain dari sidik jari sebagaialternative media pembayaran berbasis uang elektronik pada Transjakarta. Penggunaan sidik jaridipilih karena sidik jari merupakan identitas manusia yang tidak dapat diganti atau dirubah. Padapenelitian ini menggunakan Deskriptif Studies karena bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaransecara sistematis dan akurat mengenai Pemanfaatan Biometric Fingerprint sebagai mediapemabayaran Transjakarta berbasis E-Money. Dalam me...

  4. Minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minerals are important for your body to stay healthy. Your body uses minerals for many different jobs, including keeping your bones, muscles, heart, and brain working properly. Minerals are also important for making enzymes and hormones. ...

  5. KEARIFAN LOKAL SEBAGAI RESOLUSI KONFLIK KEAGAMAAN

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    Wasisto Raharjo Jati

    2013-12-01

    Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kearifan lokal sebagai resolusi konflik keagamaan di masyarakat pasca konflik Maluku. Dalam kasus konflik Maluku, agama bukanlah sumber utama, namun rivalitas antar elemen masyarakat dalam memperebutkan sumber daya ekonomi-politik dan birokrasi yang menjadi per­masalahannya. Agama hanya menjadi faktor pendukung yang menyediakan ada­nya legitimasi moral dan identitas politik untuk melakukan kekerasan ter­hadap orang lain. Sejarah konflik Maluku ditandai dengan relasi subordinasi dan domi­nasi yang menghasilkan adanya diskriminasi dan marjinalisasi di tengah masya­rakat. Jatuhnya rezim Orde Baru tahun 1999 dapat dikatakan sebagai pun­cak konflik Maluku yang telah membunuh jutaan nyawa manusia tidak bersalah. Konflik Maluku telah diselesaikan melalui perjanjian damai Malino tahun 2002 dan 2003, namun demikian potensi konflik di akar masyarakat dapat dikurangi melalui nilai-nilai kearifan lokal. Pela gandong sebagai kearifan lokal mempunyai peran penting dalam rekonsiliasi dengan menyatukan kembali solidaritas masya­rakat yang terpecah selama konflik. Selain halnya kearifan lokal, re­presentasi dalam birokrasi juga memegang peran utama dalam mereduksi kesenjangan sosial antara elemen masyarakat di Maluku.

  6. Was sind Biodiversity Hotspots - global, regional, lokal?

    OpenAIRE

    Hobohm, Carsten

    2005-01-01

    Das Konzept der Biodiversity Hotspots, das Ende der 1980er Jahre von Norman Myers entworfen wurde, gehört derzeit zu den wichtigen forschungsleitenden Ansätzen globaler Naturschutzstrategien. In der vorliegenden Arbeit geht es in erster Linie um die Frage, ob und inwiefern dieses Konzept auf die regionale und lokale Dimension Europas übertragen werden kann. Es wird ein Vorschlag unterbreitet, wie europäische Biodiversity Hotspots definiert und identifiziert werden können. Bei der Erforschung ...

  7. Evaluasi Pemanfaatan Wireless Internet Protocol Access System di Kota Malang

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    Ahmad Budi Setiawan

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available WIPAS (Wireless Internet Protocol Accsess System adalah salah satu teknologi pita lebar (broadband yang terbaru. Teknologi tersebut dikembangkan berdasarkan model point-to-multipoint access system pada jaringan nirkabel tetap atau Fixed Wireless Access (FWA dengan memanfaatkan pita frekuensi 26-GHz. Dengan besarnya pita frekuensi yang digunakan, teknologi WIPAS dapat menampung kapasitas akses untuk lalu lintas jaringan yang sangat besar. Dalam penelitian ini akan dikaji dan dievaluasi efektifitas penggunaan teknologi WIPAS melalui kasus pemanfaatan teknologi WIPAS untuk pemberdayaan komunitas di kota Malang. Dalam penelitian ini juga akan dideskripsikan pemanfaatan teknologi WIPAS untuk melihat manfaat penggunaan teknologi tersebut. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode kualitatif dengan melakukan evaluasi terhadap infrastruktur yang telah dibangun untuk melihat efektifitas pemanfaatan WIPAS. Hasil penelitian ini adalah sebuah kajian evaluatif tentang pemanfaatan WIPAS di kota Malang dan rekomendasi untuk implementasi lebih lanjut.

  8. DAMPAK PENERAPAN PRINSIP COMMON HERITAGE OF MANKIND DI KAWASAN DASAR LAUT DAN SAMUDERA YANG BERADA DI LUAR YURISDIKSI NASIONAL SERTA PEMANFAATAN SUMBER DAYA MINERAL DI KAWASAN TERSEBUT BERDASARKAN HUKUM INTERNASIONAL

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    Davina Oktivana, S.H., M.H.

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Seabed and ocean floor known as the site where many non-biological sources found in the form of rocks rich in metals and minerals. Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 regulates the of oceans and seas which are beyond national jurisdiction or referred to as the Region, as well as the utilization of non-living resources, especially mineral resources by applying the principle of common heritage of mankind. All activities related to the exploration and exploitation in the area governed by the International Seabed Authority (ISBA. ISBA have the authority to determine the country or which company will do mine, which location do mining, as well as the time period a set fee. In this article will explore how the legal aspects of the concept of benefit for mankind and benefit sharing in the application of the principle of common heritage of mankind against the Region and mineral resources contained therein, starting from its origins and developments that accompany it, then what about the other aspects that affect the application of the principle. The last, in this article will explain the impact on the protection of the marine environment arising from the exploration and exploitation of mineral resources. The results showed that the application of the principle of common heritage of mankind gave birth to the concept of benefit for mankind and benefit sharing in the exploration and exploitation of mineral resources in the Area. The concept of benefit for mankind means all countries without exception have the same rights to perform activities in the Region, while benefit sharing is the sharing of benefits from countries miners were distributed evenly to the state or the status of least-developed countries are not locked (land-locked states. There are zoning regulation and differentiation of species in an effort to make conservation measures, as well as special arrangements regarding pollution of the marine environment by mining activities in the area

  9. Minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Aren't minerals something you find in the earth, like iron and quartz? Well, yes, but small ... canned salmon and sardines with bones leafy green vegetables, such as broccoli calcium-fortified foods — from orange ...

  10. PERANAN MUATAN LOKAL MATERI BATIK TULIS LASEM SEBAGAI BENTUK PELESTARIAN BUDAYA LOKAL

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    Muhammad Nur Farid

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkaji bagaimana pelaksanaan muatan lokal batik tulis Lasem pada tingkat sekolah dasar di Kecamatan Lasem sebagai bentuk pelestarian budaya lokal. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan pelaksanaan muatan lokal batik tulis Lasem pada kelas empat dan kelas lima. Masing-masing tingkatan mempunyai fokus kemampuan yang berbeda. Fokus kelas empat adalah pengenalan tentang batik, alat dan bahan membatik serta pengenalan ragam hias batik, sedang fokus kelas lima adalahpenjelasan sejarah batik tulis Lasem, tahapan membatik batik tulis Lasem, ragam hias batik tulis Lasem. Praktik pada kelas lima mulai dari ngethel, membuat pola, nglengkreng, nerusi, dan isen-isen. Pelaksanaan muatan lokal batik tulis Lasem kelas enam yaitu tentang sejarah dan ragam hias batik tulis Lasem melanjutkan tahapan dari kelas lima yang belum selesai. Muatan lokal tersebut berhasil menanamkan kepedulian dan kecintaan anak-anak pada batik tulis Lasem.The objective of this study is to examine  the implementation of the local content batik Lasem at primary school in Lasem subdistrict as a form of local cultural preservation. The result of this study demonstrates that t local content batik Lasem is  implemented in fourth, fifth and sixth grade. Each level has different focus. The focus of the fourth grade is the introduction of batik, batik tools and materials as well as the introduction of decorative batik. The focus of the fifth grade is on the history of Lasem batik, barik stages, decorative Lasem batik. The practice in fifth grade include ngethel, make patterns, nglengkreng, nerusi, and isen-isen. The implementation of the local content batik Lasem at sixth grade is about the history and decorative batik Lasem continuing the unfinished subjects in the fifth grade. Local content successfully instill kids’ awarness and love on batik Lasem.

  11. Globalisierung der Wirtschaft : Auswirkungen auf lokale Unternehmen

    OpenAIRE

    Greve, Rolf

    2000-01-01

    Inhalt: 1 Globalisierung der Wirtschaft; 1.1 Die Globalisierung als Prozeß; 1.2 Gründe für die fortschreitende Globalisierung; 1.3 Eine wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Interpretation der Globalisierung; 2 Auswirkungen der Globalisierung auf lokale Unternehmen; 2.1 Betroffenheit des Mittelstandes; 2.2 Erfahrungen mit der Globalisierung – Zwei Beispiele; 3 Strategien für den Mittelstand als Antwort auf die Globalisierung; 3.1 Strategie der Hidden Champions; 3.2 Strategie der Kooperation

  12. PEMANFAATAN WEB KHAN ACADEMY DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA

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    Joko Soebagyo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengobservasi pemanfaatan web Khan Academy siswa SMK Swasta di Jakarta Utara. Observasi dilakukan untuk mengamati aktivitas siswa dalam menggunakan web khan academy selama proses pembelajaran matematika. Pemanfaatan teknologi dalam proses pembelajaran matematika sudah sepatutnya dilakukan oleh pihak-pihak yang ikut bertanggungjawab atas keberhasilan belajar matematika perserta didik.  Teknologi merupakan hal yang tidak bisa dipisahkan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dan salah satu bentuk teknologi yang sering dimanfaatkan saat ini adalah website dimana akitifitas pekerjaan, pendidikan, hiburan dan hubungan  sosial, semuanya dapat dialami melalui website.  Dibutuhkan sebuah website yang bias mengakomodir siswa dalam proses pembelajaran matematika baik di dalam kelas maupun di luar kelas.  Kriteria web yang baik haruslah memberikan kemudahan dalam pemanfaatannya, salah satu web tersebut adalah web khan academy.   This paper aims to observe the use of web Khan Academy Private vocational students in North Jakarta. Observations carried out to observe the activities of the students in using web khan academy during the learning process of mathematics. The use of technology in the learning process of mathematics has been duly carried out by parties who share responsibility for the success of students studying mathematics participants. Technology is something that can not be separated in everyday life and one form of technology that is often used today is a website where the activity, employment, education, entertainment and social relationships, all of which can be experienced through the website. It takes a biased website to accommodate students in mathematics learning process both in the classroom and outside the classroom. Criteria for good web should provide ease of use, one of the web is a web khan academy.

  13. Minerals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaquero, M. P.

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available The possible changes in the mineral composition of food during frying could be the consequence of losses by leaching, or changes in concentrations caused by exchanges between the food and culinary fat of other compounds. The net result depends on the type of food, the frying fat used and the frying process. Moreover, the modifications that frying produces in other nutrients could indirectly affect the availability of dietary minerals. The most outstanding ones are those that can take place in the fat or in the protein. With respect to the interactions between frying oils and minerals, we have recent knowledge concerning the effects of consuming vegetable oils used in repeated fryings of potatoes without turnover, on the nutritive utilization of dietary minerals. The experiments have been carried out in pregnant and growing rats, which consumed diets containing, as a sole source of fat, the testing frying oils or unused oils. It seems that the consumption of various frying oils, with a polar compound content lower or close to the maximum limit of 25% accepted for human consumption, does not alter the absorption and metabolism of calcium, phosphorous, iron or copper. Magnesium absorption from diets containing frying oils tends to increase but the urinary excretion of this element increases, resulting imperceptible the variations in the magnesium balance. The urinary excretion of Zn also increased although its balance remained unchanged. Different studies referring to the effects of consuming fried fatty fish on mineral bioavailability will also be presented. On one hand, frying can cause structural changes in fish protein, which are associated with an increase in iron absorption and a decrease in body zinc retention. The nutritive utilization of other elements such as magnesium, calcium and copper seems to be unaffected. On the other hand; it has been described that an excess of fish fatty acids in the diet produces iron depletion, but when fatty

  14. WARNA LOKAL MELAYU PADA NOVEL AYAH KARYA ANDREA HIRATA

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    maya dewi kurnia

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Novel Ayah karya Andrea Hirata yang diterbitkan tahun 2015 menarik untuk dibaca sekaligus dianalisis. Karya tersebut satu dari beberapa novel yang mengandung warna lokal. Ada pun warna lokal yang ditonjolkan adalah melayu. Melayu sebagai sebuah kelompok memiliki karakteristik. Melayu identik dengan islam, adat istiadat, dan bahasa tetapi juga lekat dengan kemiskinan yang menjadi bagian dari kehidupan masyarakat.  Untuk itulah penulis tertarik menelitinya. Berdasarkan hal itu penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1 mendeskripsikan gambaran warna lokal melayu pada novel Ayah karya Andrea Hirata; (2 mendeskripsikan kehidupan masyarakat melayu Belitung.  Dengan penelitian ini diharapkan masyarakat mengenal lebih dalam tentang melayu sekaligus memberi referensi penelitian sastra terkait warna lokal. Sumber data penelitian ini adalah novel Ayah karya Andrea Hirata yang diterbitkan oleh Bentang Pustaka pada tahun 2015. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif-kualitatif dengan pendekatan teknik analisis isi. Data diperoleh dengan teknik membaca dan mencatat.   Kata Kunci: Ayah, Andrea Hirata, Melayu, Antropologi Sastra

  15. Pemanfaatan Web E-Commerce untuk Meningkatkan Strategi Pemasaran

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    Hani Atun Mumtahana

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available UMKM merupakan salah satu usaha Mikoro yang memberdayakan Industri Rumahan. UMKM Indonesia meemiliki kontribusi sebersar 15.8% terhadap rantai pasok produksi global di tingkat Asean. Perkembangan UMKM dari tahun ke tahun dipengaruhi dengan pemanfaatan Teknologi Informasi dan Sistem Informasi. E-commerce merupakan salah satu teknologi yang mendukung perkembangan UMKM dan perdagangan saat ini. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak yang pemanfaatan Teknologi E-Commerce dalam peningkatan strategi pemasaran produksi. Teknologi E-commerce dibangun dengan mengunakan aplikasi berbasis webside, sehingga para pelaku usaha dapat mempromosikan hasil usaha dengan mudah. Sasaran utama pemanfaatan Teknolohi E-commerce ini adalah UMKM Industri Kerajinan Kulit di  Magetan. Dari hasil uji coba dan evaluasi yang dilakukan pada Koperasi Mahasiswa STT Dharma Iswara Madiun, menunjukkan bahwa dengan memanfaatkan Teknologi E-commerce memenuhi strategi pemasaran produk yang dapat berdampak pada peningkatan pendapatan.

  16. Analisis Sikap Konsumen terhadap Produk Fashion Lokal dan Impor

    OpenAIRE

    Setiawan, Evelyn

    2014-01-01

    Abstrak: Analisis Sikap Konsumen Terhadap Produk Fashion Lokal dan Impor. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis sikap konsumen terhadap produk fashion lokal dan impor yang akan berpengaruh terhadap keputusan konsumsi. Sampel yang akan digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah 1.000 mahasiswa dari 10 perguruan tinggi swasta terbesar di Surabaya. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan metode kuesioner. Hasil pengujian statistik menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar mahasiswa di Surabaya merasa bangga d...

  17. Kreativitas Desain Kuliner dan Sistem Inovasi Lokal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasraf Amir Pialang

    2016-02-01

    ABSTRAK   Pengembangan kreativitas pada sebuah kelompok, kelas sosial atau komunitas sangat ditentukan oleh modal yang diinvestasikan dalam ranah kreativitas: ekonomi, budaya, sim- bolik dan sosial. Penelitian ini adalah upaya untuk memahami kreativitas sebagai bagian dari ranah khusus sosial-budaya, yaitu ‘ranah kreativitas’. Dengan menggunakan metode etnografi, penelitian ini adalah upaya untuk menganalisis relasi antara ide-ide kreatif dan konteks sosial-budaya di mana ide-ide itu diproduksi. Melalui penelitian lapangan yang intensif terhadap komunitas kreatif lokal, penelitian ini menyimpulkan, bahwa produksi ide-ide kreatif sangat ditentukan oleh kelengkapan sub-sub ranah yang membangun ranah kreatif: ekspresi, produksi, diseminasi dan apresiasi. Berdasarkan ranah-ranah kreatif ini, tiga model sistem inovasi dapat diajukan: sistem terbuka, sistem liminal dan sistem tertu- tup.   Kata kunci: ide kreatif, ranah, inovasi, modal

  18. Telaah Kearifan Lokal Terhadap Akuntabilitas Lumbung Desa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunus Harjito

    2016-08-01

      Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memahami bisnis Lumbung Desa Paceklik yang berbasis kearifan lokal masyarakat, memeriksa tata kelola, dan membandingkan antara pelaksanaan pemerintahan dan karakteristik pemerintahan oleh UNDP. Salah satu aspek yang paling penting dalam praktek tata kelola adalah akuntabilitas. Akuntabilitas diimplementasikan sebagai upaya untuk mempertahankan keberadaan Lumbung Desa Paceklik. Praktek akuntansi di Lumbung Desa Paceklik merupakan salah satu ukuran pelaksanaan akuntabilitas. Data penelitian dikumpulkan melalui observasi, dokumentasi informasi terkait, wawancara bertahap, dan focus group discussion (FGD. Penelitian dilakukan dari awal April 2013 sampai dengan awal Maret 2014 di desa Dempel, Kecamatan Geneng, Kabupaten Ngawi, Jawa Timur. Hasil penelitian menjelaskan bahwa tata kelola Lumbung Desa Paceklik cukup baik dilakukan. Berdasarkan karakteristik pemerintahan oleh UNDP, hanya aturan hukum yang masih menjadi kendala. Selain itu, akuntabilitas diartikan tidak hanya sebagai kewajiban, tetapi juga sebagai kebutuhan untuk mempertahankan keberadaan Lumbung Desa Paceklik ini. Pelaksanaan praktik akuntansi tidak optimal karena terbatasnya pemahaman dan kemampuan pengelola tentang teori dan praktik-praktik akuntansi yang ideal.

  19. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Pemanfaatan Pelayanan Posyandu Lansia

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    Nurvi Susanti

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Laporan Dinas Kesehatan Kota Pekanbaru Tahun 2011 menunjukkan bahwa dari 19 Puskesmas yang ada di Pekanbaru, jumlah lansia terbanyak berada di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Garuda Pekanbaru (7360 orang, sedangkan jumlah kunjungan lansia (cakupan hanya 14% dari total lansia yang ada. Cakupan ini masih jauh dari target yang diharapkan yaitu 70%. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemanfaatan pelayanaan posyandu lansia. Desain penelitian adalah cross sectional study dengan sampel sebanyak 199 orang lansia. Cara pengambilan sampel adalah Systematic Random Sampling. Analisis bivariat menggunakan uji chi square, dan analisis multivariat menggunakan uji regresi logistik ganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa variabel yang berhubungan signifikan dengan pemanfaatan pelayanaan posyandu lansia adalah sikap (POR: 6,08 95%CI:1,57-23,51, jarak (POR:0,26 95%CI:0,12-0,56, kader (POR:5,06 95%CI: 2,36-10,86, dan pendidikan (POR:2,52 95%CI:1,24-5,14. Variabel dukungan keluarga merupakan variabel konfounding (POR:2,00 95%CI:0,87-4,59. Disarankan pada instansi terkait perlunya dilakukan upaya untuk meningkatkan pemanfaatan pelayanan posyandu lansia melalui promosi dan penyuluhan tentang pemanfaatan posyandu lansia serta meningkatkan pelayanan di posyandu sehingga lansia termotivasi untuk mengunjungi posyandu lansia. 

  20. PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN GURU DALAM PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI PADA KEGIATAN PEMBELAJARAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Ceha

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dalam upaya peningkatan mutu mengajar dan mutu pembelajaran di era globalisasi, guru sebaiknya menguasai program komputer, agar dapat memanfaatkan teknologi yang telah tersedia dan untuk memudahkan dalam mengajar. Guru hendaknya dapat menggunakan peralatan yang lebih ekonomis, efisien, dan mampu dimiliki oleh sekolah, tidak menolak digunakannya peralatan teknologi modern yang relevan dengan tuntutan masyarakat dan perkembangan zaman, serta mempunyai berbagai keterampilan yang mendukung tugasnya dalam mengajar. Salah satu keterampilan tersebut adalah bagaimana seorang guru dapat menggunakan media pembelajaran (Syaiful Bahri, 2006. Guru dapat membuat kreasi dan variasi media interaktif, pembuatan CD pembelajaran interaktif, powerpoint, dan dengan media komputer. Masalah utama yang dihadapi mitra saat ini adalah kemampuan guru dalam pemanfaatan IT atau ICT untuk kegiatan pembelajaran belum merata. Selain itu juga masih adanya kesenjangan literasi TIK antar wilayah di satu sisi dan perkembangan internet yang juga membawa dampak negatif terhadap nilai dan norma masyarakat sehingga perlu dilakukan upaya secara aktif dari semua stakeholder sekolah dalam peningkatan kualitas pembelajaran dengan memanfaatkan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi. Kegiatan Pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang diusulkan bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan guru mengenai pemanfaatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi pada kegiatan pembelajaran, meningkatkan kemampuan guru untuk membuat bahan ajar pemanfaatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi sehingga dapat mengoptimalkan potensi yang ada di sekolah mitra dalam pemanfaatan Teknologi Informasi untuk peningkatan kualitas pembelajaran

  1. PEREMPUAN DAN PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI INTERNET DENGAN PENDEKATAN UTAUT

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    Anita Rahmawaty

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis perilaku pemanfaatan internet pada kaum perempuan dengan menggunakan pendekatan Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT. Terdapat enam variabel dalam penelitian ini, yaitu ekspektasi kinerja, ekspektasi usaha, pengaruh sosial, kondisi pendukung, efikasi diri dan intensi pemanfaatan internet. Data penelitian ini diperoleh dari 110 responden dengan menggunakan teknik convenience sampling. Teknik pengujian model penelitian ini menggunakan regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ekspektasi kinerja, ekspektasi usaha, kondisi pendukung dan efikasi diri berpengaruh secara positif signifikan terhadap terhadap intensi pemanfaatan internet. Namun demikian, pengaruh sosial tidak berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap intensi pemanfaatan internet.   This research aims to analyze the behavior of internet use on women by using Unified Theory of cceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT. There are six variables in this research, namely the performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, facilitating conditions, self-efficacy and intention of internet use. The data were obtained from 110 respondents by using convenience sampling technique. The research model testing technique used the multiple linear regression approach. The results showed that performance expectancy, effort expectancy, facilitating conditions, and self-efficacy positively and significantly had effects on intention of internet use. Nevertheles, the social influence is not related to intention of internet use.

  2. USAHA DOMESTIFIKASI TUMBUHAN POKEM (Setaria italica L. MASYARAKAT LOKAL PULAU NUMFOR, KABUPATEN BIAK NUMFOR SEBAGAI UPAYA MENUNJANG KETAHANAN PANGAN NASIONAL (The Effort of Domestication of Pokem {Setaria italica (L. Beauv} by Local Communities

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    Suharno Suharno

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Daya dukung lingkungan (habitat sangat berpengaruh terhadap pemenuhan kebutuhan hidup manusia. Usaha domestikasi tumbuhan pokem (Setaria italica L. di Pulau Numfor Kabupaten Biak Numfor telah diusahakan sejak lama oleh masyarakat lokal. Tumbuhan yang termasuk kelompok rumput–rumputan (Familia: Poaceae telah dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan pangan lokal. Tujuan dari kajian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pemanfaatan dan proses budidaya yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat lokal di pulau Numfor sebagai upaya dalam memenuhi bahan pangan lokal. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa usaha budidaya pokem telah lama berlangsung secara turun–temurun sejak nenek moyang mereka tinggal di Pulau Numfor. Sistem budidaya yang mereka lakukan masih tergolong sederhana (konvensional. Masyarakat memanfaatkan lahan di sekitar kampung masing–masing karena mudah terjangkau. Sistem pertanian yang dilakukan masih dengan pola ladang berpindah. Kondisi sumber daya alam di wilayah pulau ini sangat terbatas. Kondisi tanah berkapur dan ketidaktersediaan tanaman sagu sebagaimana sumber bahan pangan utama orang Papua menyebabkan masyarakat berusaha menyediakan bahan pangan lokal, termasuk pokem. Nilai gizi biji tanaman ini cukup tinggi sehingga berpotensi untuk dikembangkan sebagai salah satu upaya dalam mengatasi ketahanan pangan nasional. ABSTRACT Carrying capacity of the habitat plays important role in the fulfillment of human needs. The effort of pokem plant {Setaria italica (L. Beauv} domestication in Numfor Island, Biak Numfor regency has been started by local communities since long time ago. The Plant grouping as grass (Family: Poaceae have been used as local foodstuff. The aim of the study is to know the usage and cultivation of the plant performed by local communities in Numfor Island in strugling of fulfilling local foodstuff.  The result showed cultication of pokem has been done from one to other generation since their ancestors had arrived for the first time in the

  3. Pemanfaatan Residu Pembakaran Sampah Organik Rumah Tangga

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    Eko Naryono

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Pembakaran sampah organik rumah tangga menghasilkan residu padat 25-30% yang terdiri dari abu bawah (BA, abu atas (FA dan kondensat air yang mengandung tar. Abu bawah sebagian besar terdiri dari bahan anorganik seperti Si, Al, Fe, Ca, Mg, K, Na, Cl dan logam berat antara lain Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb dan Zn, sedangkan abu atas tersusun dari bahan organik dan anorganik. Bahan organik yang terdapat dalam residu antara lain polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH, chloro benzene (CB, polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioksin (PCDD dan furan (PCDF. Residu pembakaran biomass perlu diolah atau dimanfaatkan agar tidak mengganggu lingkungan. Salah satu metode pengolahan yang mudah diterapkan dan aman terhadap lingkungan adalah pemadatan dan stabilisasi menggunakan semen atau lempung sebagai binder. Pemanfaatan produk ini dapat digunakan untuk batako atau batu bata. Berdasarkan prediksi, pembakaran sampah kota Malang sebesar 400 ton/hari menghasilkan abu 72 ton/hari. Pemakaian abu sebesar 25% pada pembuatan batako dengan perbandingan semen : pasir : abu sebesar 3,75 : 30 : 1,25 dapat menghasilkan batako setiap hari 366545 buah. Kata kunci : Abu, Batako, Residu, Pemadatan, Sampah organik rumah tangga

  4. KAJIAN ANALISIS PERBANDINGAN JUMLAH PEMANFAATAN AIR TANAH

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    Acep Hidayat

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan pertumbuhan kota meningkat sehingga fenomena yang berkaitan dengan sumber daya air semakin meningkat. Pertumbuhan penduduk setiap tahun bertambah menyertai pertumbuhan kota, menjadikan pemanfaatan air tanah semakin meningkat. Fenomena yang terjadi adalah bahwa ketersediaan lahan untuk prosesnya terjadinya resapan air ke dalam tanah semakin berkurang, dimana luasan lahan yang ada sangat tidak mencukupi resapan air ke dalam tanah. Di samping itu, resapan air ke dalam tanah dipengaruhi tingkat permeabilitas dari jenis tanah pada lingkungan daerah sekitar resapan. Akibat dari jumlah resapan air ke dalam tanah yang tidak seimbang dengan jumlah pemakaian air tanah yang digunakan mengakibatkan terjadinya penurunan muka air tanah dengan disertai penurunan lapisan tanah. Bila hal ini terjadi secara terus menerus menjadikan elevasi permukaan tanah akan lebih rendah dari permukaan laut. Untuk mengantisipasi hal tersebut terjadi, maka penelitian ini melakukan kajian tingkat permeabilitas daya resap air untuk macam jenis tanah dengan melakukan tes-tes tanah, sehingga dapat diketahui titik imbang antara jumlah air tanah yang dapat diambil dengan air yang dapat meresap ke dalam tanah. Berdasarkan perhitungan curah hujan didapat bahwa besar curah hujan dalam satu tahun sebesar 54.56 m3/detik dan yang meresap hanya 5.37 m3/detik atau 9.84 %. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa jenis tanah di sekitar wilayah penelitian berjenis lanau dan clay, sehingga mempunyai angka pori yang kecil. Dengan kondisi tersebut maka wilayah tersebut dapat diprogramkan dengan membuat folder-folder tampungan, sumur-sumur resapan, lubang-lubang biopori dan lainya.

  5. Lokal løn på kommunale arbejdspladser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holt, Helle

    medarbejdere – om deres erfaringer og refleksioner over forhandlingerne om lokal løn. De lokale forhandlinger sker bl.a. på baggrund af forhåndsaftaler, der som udgangspunkt er kønsneutrale, men alligevel opstår der lokale forskelle mellem mænds og kvinders løn. Ifølge de interviewede skyldes det, at et antal...... kvalifikationer anses som naturlige for kvinder og derfor ikke udløser tillæg, mens de samme kvalifikationer anses som faglige hos mænd og derfor udløser et tillæg. Rapporten viser også, at løn i høj grad betragtes som en privatsag på de kommunale arbejdspladser, og at forskelle i mænds og kvinders løn tilskrives...

  6. KONSEPSI INDUSTRIALISASI MADURA BERBASIS SUMBER DAYA LOKAL

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    Kurniati Indahsari

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Abstrac This article explores a concept of Local Based Industrialization in Madura. Industrialization is focused on community development rather than economic development. Three characters of Local Based Industrialization in Madura are: (1 pushing balanced transformation of economic structure; (2 focusing on community development and implementing sustainable development; and (3 developing local resources based industries. By implementing this concept, Madurese can develop without deleting their Islamic and traditional values and characters. Kata-kata kunci industrialisasi Madura, kompetensi inti industri daerah, berbasis sumberdaya lokal, community development

  7. Pembelajaran Etika Bisnis Berbasis Kearifan Lokal

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    Heri Pratikto

    2015-11-01

    pembelajaran etika bisnis, kearifan local sebagai sumber etika bisnis, dan pembelajaran etika bisnis. Pelaku bisnis harus berkomitmen menjunjung tinggi etika, karena proses bisnis merupakan proses penciptaan nilai, proses penciptaan apapun yang bermanfaat bagi kemanusiaan. Real value creation dalam bisnis hanya akan terjadi jika dilakukan dengan cara-cara  etis atau bermoral. Cara yang tidak bermoral hanya menghasilkan value destruction, tidak pantas disebut partisipasi dalam pembangunan, melainkan pemunduran dan perusakan masyarakat. Tantangan pendidikan bisnis diantaranya adalah: globalisasi, perkembangan teknologi, bisnis berbasis kompetensi, perspektif bisnis sebagai sistem, revolusi kualitas, perubahan. Kearifan lokal suku-suku bangsa Indonesia pada umumnya berisi nilai-nilai religious, kemanusiaan, kebersamaan, toleransi, saling percaya, solidaritas dan kepedulian social dapat membangun elemen-elemen  modal social dan modal bisnis, antaralain seperti kepercayaan, amanah, jejaring social. Penguatan modal social yang bersumber dari nilai-nilai kearifan local suku bangsa Indonesia tersebut sangat penting terus diupayakan pelestarian dan pewarisannya dari satu generasi ke generasi berikutnya, terutama disaat individualism semakin menguat melanda kehidupan modern di era global ini. Agar kearifan local dapat diimplementasikan dan diwariskan, perlu terus ditemukan pendekatan dan strategi yang lebih kontekstual dengan kondisi perkembangan masyarakat Indonesia. Pembelajajaran etika bisnis berbasis kearifan lokal melalui pendekatan scientifik dengan pembelajaran kooperatif, dengan berbagai model dengan berfokus pada siswa, menjadi pendekatan pembelajaran yang efektif yang layak direkomendasikan kepada para pendidik. Berhasil dan gagalnya pendidikan etika bisnis akan sangat berpengaruh terhadap peran masyarakat dalam pembentukan serta pelaksanaan peraturan dan prinsip-prinsip kehidupan.

  8. Kesinambungan Pemanfaatan Pelayanan Kesehatan Maternal di Indonesia

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    Ning Sulistiyowati

    2017-11-01

    kesinambungan pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan ibu di Indonesia masih rendah yaitu 46%. Faktor yang mempengaruhi adalah pendidikan ibu (Adjusted OR=1,79 dan 2,58, pekerjaan ibu (Adjusted OR=1,38, status ekonomi (Adjusted OR=1,65, status kehamilan (Adjusted OR=1,33, metode persalinan (Adjusted OR=0,71 dan 0,37, komplikasi kehamilan (Adjusted OR=1,13, komplikasi persalinan (Adjusted OR=0,79, waktu tempuh ke fasilitas kesehatan (Adjusted OR=0,61 dan 1,59, umur saat melahirkan (AdjustedOR=1,23. Kesinambungan pelayanan kesehatan maternal masih rendah. Perlu perhatian lebih dalam meningkatkan kualitas dan akses pelayanan agar dapat menarik ibu untuk mempertahankan kelanjutan perawatan kesehatan.Kata kunci: kesinambungan layanan, kesehatan maternal, Riskesdas 2013

  9. MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN KELEMBAGAAN LOKAL SEBAGAI WAHANA PENDIDIKAN PENGEMBANGAN USAHA

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    Sukidjo .

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Model Pemberdayaan Kelembagaan Lokal Sebagai Wahana Pendidikan Pengembangan Usaha. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui : (1 permasalahan yang dihadapi kelompok usaha warga miskin dalam mengembangkan usaha; (2 kegiatan pemberdayaan yang dilakukan Tim Konsultan Manajemen Wilayah (KMW terhadap lembaga lokal; (3 kegiatan pemberdayaan yang dilakukan lembaga lokal terhadap kelompok usaha dalam mengembangkan usaha. Penelitian ini merupakan R&D, dilakukan di Provinsi Yogyakarta. Penentuan sampel dilakukan secara random. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan kuesioner, interview dan dokumentasi. Sedangkan untuk analisis data digunakan analisis deskriptif kualitatif. Berdasarkan analisis data diperoleh simpulan : (1 permasalahan utama yang dihadapi kelompok usaha warga miskin adalah kekurangan modal kerja, bahan baku dan pemasaran; (2 Kegiatan pemberdayaan yang dilakukan Tim KMW kepada lembaga lokal berupa pelatihan dan pendampingan; (3 kegiatan pemberdayaan yang dilakukan lembaga lokal terhadap kelompok usaha berupa pelatihan, bimbingan, pendampingan melalui program pinjaman bergulir, pelatihan keterampilan dan pembangunan permukiman dan lingkungan. Kata Kunci: pemberdayaan dan pengembangan usaha Abstract : Local Institutional Empowerment Model As A Educational for Bisnis Development. The objective of this study were to identify : (1 the problem facing the poor in developing their business; (2 empowerment activities that was undertaken by Regional Management Consultant Team towards local institution; (3 empowerment activities that was undertaken by local institution toward business groups in order to developing their business activity. This study was R & D, and undertaken in Yogyakarta Province. Samples were randomly selected. Data were obtained through questionnaire, interview, and documentation. Data analysis used descriptive qualitative analysis. Conclusion of this study were : (1 the main problem faced by business group of the poor is lack

  10. PARTAI POLITIK LOKAL ACEH DALAM SISTEM KETATANEGARAAN REPUBLIK INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asda Rasida

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan kedudukan partai politik lokal Aceh dalam sistem ketatanegaraan Republik Indonesia, secara objektif bagaimana peran partai politik local Aceh dalam mewujudkan demokrasi dan hambatan-hambatan yang timbul dan bagaimana penyelesaiannya. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode empiris yaitu mengumpulkan data primer. Pengumpulan data primer dilakukan dengan mewawancarai responden dan informan yang menjadi sampel pada penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kedudukan partai politik local Aceh di dalam sistem ketatanegaraan Republik Indonesia tidak bertentangan dengan perundang-undangan. Hal tersebut diperkuat dengan pasal 18B UUD 1945 yang menjadi dasar pembentukan partai politik lokal di Aceh dan juga berlaku asas di dalam ilmu hukum yaitu Lex Specialis Derogate Lex General yang maksudnya hukum yang bersifat khusus dapat menyampingkan hukum yang bersifat umum, demikian di Aceh juga menerapkan UU yang bersifat khusus.

  11. Pemanfaatan Terapi Tradisional dan Alternatif oleh Penderita Gangguan Jiwa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Arsyad Subu

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Sampai saat ini masih sedikit informasi dari hasil-hasil penelitian tentang pemanfaatan terapi tradisional dan alternatif oleh para penderita gangguan jiwa di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat bagaimana pemanfaatan terapi tradisional dan alternatif di antara penderita gangguan jiwa di Indonesia. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan Charmaz Constructive Grounded Theory untuk mengeksplorasi pemanfaatan terapi tradisional dan alternatif di antara pasien yang menderita gangguan jiwa. Metode pengumpulan data termasuk interaksi langsung (wawancara semi-terstruktur, document review, catatan lapangan dan memo. Data analisis menggunakan pendekatan Paille data analisis. Penelitian menghasilkan lima kategori: 1 kerasukan oleh setan atau roh; 2 penyakit akibat berdosa; 3 Berobat ke tradisional dulu baru akhirnya ke rumah sakit jiwa; 4 kekerasan; 5 takut dengan pengobatan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terapi tradisional dan alternatif dan orang pintar (dukun, para pemimpin agama Islam, pendeta, paranormal dan pengobatan tradisional Cina memiliki peran sentral dalam mendukung dan menawarkan solusi ketika seseorang memiliki gangguan jiwa di Indonesia. Para terapis atau ‘orang pintar’ biasanya merupakan pilihan pertama dari keluarga dan anggota ‘masyarakat lainnya jika berhubungan dengan terapi yang orang yang menderita gangguan jiwa. Penelitian lanjut diperlukan untuk melihat efektivitas terapi tradisional dan alternatif ini yang masih kurang diteliti dan didokumentasikan di Indonesia. Penelitian lebih lanjut juga perlu dilakukan untuk memahami sikap atau perspektif keluarga, masyarakat dan staf lembaga pemerintahan sebagai partisipan terkait dengan pengobatan tradisional dan alternatif ini. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, penelitian kuantitatif diperlukan untuk meneliti faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pemanfaaatan terapi tradisional dan alternatif oleh penderita gangguan jiwa di Indonesia.

  12. Analisis Efisiensi Pemanfaatan Makanan Oleh Larva Spodoptera Litura F dan Crocidolamia Pavonama (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Sayuthi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. Nutrisi diperlukan oleh serangga untuk pertumbuhan dan perkembangannya, sebagai sumber energi, perbaikan jaringan dan reproduksi. Kebutuhan nutrisi serangga pada umumnya berupa :asam amino, protein, air dan  : mineral, vitamin-vitamin, asam nukleat dan nukleotida, sterol, asam lemak dan factor lipogenik. Tujuan praktikum ini adalah untuk mengetahui efisiensi pemanfaatan pakan daun brokoli, daunt alas, daun bawang, daun kangkung dan daun kacang panjang oleh larva S. litura dan C. pavonama. Bahan-bahannya adalah daun brokoli, daun bawang, daun kangkung, daun kacang panjang, dan daun bawang, Larva Spodoptera litura dan Larva C. pavonama. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL terdiri dari 6 perlakuan (jenis pakan dan 10 ulangan. Hasil percobaan di Analisis Ragam, dan dilanjutkan dengan Uji BNT 5%. Hasil penelitian, nilai LK, dan LKR dan DC tertinggi terdapat pada daun singkong, dan terendah pada daun brokoli. Nilai LP, LPR, ECI dan ECD tertinggi pada daun brokoli, sedangkan nilai LP dan LPR terendah pada daun bawang, dan nilai ECI dan ECD terendah pada daun singkong.

  13. ZONASI PERIKANAN PASI UNTUK KEPENTINGAN PEMANFAATAN SECARA BERKELANJUTAN SUMBERDAYA IKAN KAKAP MERAH DI KEPULAUAN LEASE (Pasi Zone for Interest Sustainable Utilization of Red Snapper Resources in Lease Islands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delly Dominggas Paulina Matrutty

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Pasi adalah daerah penangkapan spesifik ikan kakap merah di Kepulauan Lease. Eksploitasi terhadap sumberdaya ikan kakap merah cenderung tinggi akhir-akhir ini karena sangat disukai di pasar lokal, regional maupun internasional, selain dijadikan sebagai objek wisata pancing. Kondisi ini akan mengancam kelestarian sumberdaya jika tidak dikelola dengan baik. Penetapan zonasi merupakan salah satu alternatif pengelolaan sumberdaya perikanan yang baik, dan jika dilakukan dengan benar akan memberikan nilai tambah bagi masyarakat, tanpa mengganggu kelestariannya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan zonasi perikanan pasi untuk kepentingan pemanfaatan berkelanjutan sumberdaya ikan kakap merah di Kepulauan Lease. Data yang digunakan meliputi hasil kajian potensi sumberdaya ikan kakap merah, kondisi oseanografi  daerah penangkapan (pasi, dan sistem nilai perikanan pasi yang meliputi komponen nilai dasar ekologi, sosial dan teknologi, serta metode Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA.  Berdasarkan kriteria yang dibangun dari seluruh aspek tersebut  maka dibuat zonasi khusus untuk kawasan pasi di Kepulauan Lease.  Berdasarkan hasil  analisis  diperoleh 4 (empat dari  25  pasi  ditetapkan sebagai zona lindung, 21 pasi ditetapkan sebagai zona perikanan berkelanjutan sub-zona perikanan tangkap, sedangkan 13 di antaranya ditetapkan sebagai zona pemanfaatan sub-zona wisata pancing. ABSTRACT Pasi is a specific fishing ground for Red Snapper in Lease Islands.  Recently, the exploitation of the red snapper population is tend to increase due to high demand of local, regional and international market as well as object for fishing tourism. This condition will threat the sustainability of the resources as if it is unmanaged in good way.  Zone determination is one of the alternatives of good fisheries resources management. If it is done in a right way, it will add value to community without disturbing the sustainability. The objectives of the present

  14. Efektivitas Pemanfaatan Biogas Untuk Menunjang Ketahanan Energi (Studi Di Desa Pendoworejo Kecamatan Girimulyo Kabupaten Kulon Progo Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

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    Dyah Sri Palupi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Pengembangan energi terbaharukan merupakan salah satu solusi krisis energi. Penelitian bertujuan untuk menganalisis tingkat efektivitas pemanfaatan biogas dan mengkaji hubungan efektivitas pemanfaatan biogas di Desa Pendoworejo dengan ketahanan energi Metode penelitian yaitu kualitatif dengan pendekatan analisis deskriptif. Jumlah biodigester 183 unit. Penentuan sampel dengan teknik purposive sampling. Jumlah informan 55 orang. Teknik pengumpulan data meliputi studi kepustakaan, observasi, wawancara, dan studi dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian yaitu 30,26% biodigester berfungsi dan 69,77% dalam kondisi rusak. Efektivitas kontinuitas pemanfaatan dan ketersediaan biogas yakni pemanfaatan harian dalam kategori rendah (25,58%, pemanfaatan kadang-kadang dalam kategori sangat rendah (4,65% dan kondisi rusak dalam kategori cukup (69,77%. Efektivitas pemanfaatan atau fungsi yakni untuk memasak dalam kategori tinggi (86,82%, genset (3,1% dan lainnya (10,08% dalam kategori sangat rendah. Efektivitas pemenuhan kebutuhan energi berbahan biogas yaitu memenuhi kebutuhan dalam kategori sangat rendah (9,3%, sebagian memenuhi kebutuhan dalam kategori rendah (20,93%, dan tidak memenuhi kebutuhan dalam kategori cukup (69,77%. Efektivitas pemanfaatan biogas di Desa Pendoworejo termasuk rendah. Desa Pendoworejo diharapkan menjadi Desa Mandiri Energi, namun sumber energi dari biogas belum mencapai lebih dari 60%. Efektivitas pemanfaatan biogas di Desa Pendoworejo belum mampu menunjang ketahanan energi.

  15. Perbandingan Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Informasi Oleh Pengguna Digital Native dan Digital Immigrants pada Perpustakaan Universitas Sumatera Utara

    OpenAIRE

    Ramadani, Hidayatullah

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana perbandingan pemanfaatan sumber daya informasi bagi pengguna digital native dan digital immigrants, dan bagaimana pemanfaatan sumber daya informasi elektronik dan tercetak oleh kedua pengguna tersebut. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif yang bersifat komparatif. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan memberikan daftar pernyataan yang berkaitan dengan masalah penelitian kepada pengguna ruang Layanan Dig...

  16. EKSISTENSI DAN MOTIVASI PRAMUWISATA LOKAL PEREMPUAN DI DAYA TARIK WISATA ALAS KEDATON

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    Gusti Ayu Putu Putri Indira Suari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Keberadaan pramuwisata lokal yang seluruhnya berjenis kelamin perempuan menjadi keunikan tersendiri bagi Alas Kedaton sebagai suatu daya tarik wisata. Bertujuan untuk mengetahui eksistensi pramuwisata lokal perempuan di daya tarik wisata Alas Kedaton serta untuk mengetahui motivasi mereka bekerja sebagai pramuwisata lokal perempuan di daya tarik wisata Alas Kedaton. Jenis data yang digunakan adalah data kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Sedangkan sumber data yakni data primer dan sekunder. Data dikumpulkan melalui observasi, wawancara, kuesioner dan dokumentasi. Informan ditentukan secara purposive sampling. Terdapat 45 responden yang dipilih sebagai sampel dengan menggunakan metode simple random sampling. Dan teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif kualitatif dan deskriptif kuantitatif. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa eksistensi pramuwisata lokal perempuan di daya tarik wisata Alas Kedaton dari awal terbentuknya sampai saat ini dapat dikatakan masih eksis. Meskipun jumlah pramuwisata lokal perempuan di daya tarik wisata Alas Kedaton berkurang dibandingkan ketika awal terbentuknya. Sedangkan motivasi mereka bekerja sebagai pramuwisata lokal di daya tarik wisata Alas Kedaton adalah untuk memenuhi beberapa kebutuhan seperti physiological needs, safety and security needs, affiliation or acceptance needs, esteem needs, dan self actualization. Dan rata-rata responden menjawab motivasi mereka bekerja sebagai pramuwisata lokal perempuan di daya tarik wisata Alas Kedaton adalah untuk memenuhi kebutuhan afiliasi atau affiliation or acceptance needs.

  17. KEARIFAN LOKAL PENGGUNAAN KAYU GELAM DALAM TANAH RAWA GAMBUT DI KALIMANTAN TENGAH (Local Wisdom of Utilization of Gelam Wood on Peatswamp Land of Central Kalimantan

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    Wahyu Supriyati

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Masyarakat di daerah rawa gambut memerlukan kayu sebagai cerucuk atau tiang pancang rumah. Kayu Gelam (Maleleuca sp ditemukan melimpah di hutan rawa gambut di Kalimantan. Kayu Gelam termasuk kelas awet 3 yang berarti hanya dapat dipergunakan di bila berhubungan dengan tanah selama 3 tahun. Kenyataan yang ada kayu Gelam sebagai cerucuk /tiang pancang rumah dalam tanah rawa tetap kuat lebih selama lebih dari 30 tahun. Pemanfaatan kayu ini mendukung untuk konservasi hutan rawa gambut. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melestarikan hutan di peatwamp melalui penghematan pemanfaatan kayu yaitu dengan mempelajari pengaruh lama penimbunan dan letak radial terhadap sifat fisika, mekanika dan kandungan silika kayu Gelam. Penelitian dilakukan pada kayu Gelam yang telah ditimbun dalam rawa gambut selama 10, 19, 31 dan 38 tahun. Sifat kayu yang dianalisis adalah sifat fisika mekanika mengikuti BS No 373. Uji silika dengan spektrometer. Analisis menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan faktorial. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa lama penimbunan meningkatkan berat jenis kayu Gelam secara signifikan. Semakin lama penimbunan, semakin tinggi berat jenis (0,54-0,75. Persamaan yang diperoleh Y=0,449+0,063x1+0,01x2 (Y=BJ kering tanur, x1= lama penimbunan, x2= letak radial. Pengaruh lama penimbunan pada kekerasan sejalan dengan BJ. Kadar silika kayu Gelam meningkat dengan semakin lama penimbunan. Lama penimbunan (10-38 tahun meningkatkan BJ kering tanur 28,13 %, kekerasan 12,83%; kandungan silika 1,25%. Penggunaan kayu Gelam merupakan kearifan lokal yang terbukti melestarikan lingkungan karena menghemat pemanfaatan kayu yang dinyatakan dengan kualitas kayu Gelam yang relatif tidak menurun dalam penimbunan. ABSTRACT Local community on peatswamp area need woods as poles. Gelam (Maleleuca sp wood is found abundantly in peatswamp forest area in Kalimantan. It is 3th durability class and expected to withstand up to three years of utilitation outdoor. However, gelam

  18. PENGUATAN PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER BAGI SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR MELALUI KEARIFAN LOKAL

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    Putri Rachmadyanti

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Pendidikan Karakter merupakan aspek penting dalam mengembangkan ranah afektif, khususnya bagi anak usia Sekolah Dasar. Muatan pendidikan karakter diterapkan dalam pembelajaran di Sekolah Dasar berdasarkan materi dari standar isi kurikulum. Pendidikan Karakter penting untuk ditanamkan pada anak usia Sekolah Dasar karena untuk membentuk pribadi siswa agar memiliki nilai- nilai luhur bangsa dan dapat menjadi warga negara yang baik. Pendidikan karakter memiliki misi penting dalam menciptakan siswa yang tidak hanya pandai secara kognitif, namun juga berbudi pekerti yang luhur. Guru dapat mengembangkan materi berbasis kearifan lokal dengan berbagai kegiatan pembelajaran yang menarik yang diharapkan dapat mengembangkan karakter siswa seperti karakter kerja sama, toleransi, dan sikap peduli. Siswa sepatutnya memiliki sikap yang arif dan bijak dalam memandang kearifan lokal yang dimiliki oleh daerahnya, sebagai bagian dari pengembangan pendidikan karakter sebagai bekal dalam hidup bermasyarakat.  Sehingga manfaat kajian ini adalah (1 memberikan ide kreatif bagi guru untuk mengembangkan materi pendidikan karakter bagi siswa selolah dasar yang berbasis keraifan lokal, (2 memotivasi guru dan orang tua untuk mengarahkan siswa menjadi pribadi yang cerdas dan berbudaya, dan (3 memotivasi semua pihak untuk melestarikan kekayaan budaya yang ada di daerah setempat. Kata Kunci : pendidikan karakter, kearifan lokal, sekolah dasarAbstract. Character Education is an important aspect in developing affective, especially for student at elementary school. Character education content is applied in Elementary School lessons based on material from curriculum. It is important to create good values of the nation and to be good citizens. Character education has an important mission in creating students who are not only clever cognitively, but also have good characters. Teachers can develop materials based on local wisdom with creative learning activities that to

  19. Ledelse foregår i lokale relationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Henry

    2014-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt i en tankegangen om komplekse interaktive processer (Stacey et al. 2000) lægges fokus på lokale interaktioner mellem mennesker som omdrejningspunktet for at forstå hvordan en organisation bliver som den bliver, og hvilken mening deltagerne skaber undervejs. På baggrund af en konk...... konkluderes at den udbredte tænkning Pipeline Leadership ikke kan stå som en teori om ledelse, samt at det er mere meningsfyldt at fokusere på begreber som magt og improvisation end på ledelse af en anden orden....

  20. PEMANFAATAN ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE PLANNING UNTUK PERENCANAAN STRATEGIS SISTEM INFORMASI

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    Kridanto Surendro

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In the endeavor to attain its goal, an enterprise strives to undertake challenges and changes of which strategies for effective measures and efficient resource usage become necessary. To this necessity, the role of information system for supporting and enhancing enterprise performance has become more strategic and widely established. This elicits mission for information system and advises a general course of action to give a unified direction for planning, implementation and control in alignment with enterprise business strategy. A planning that identifies enterprise's information requirement and possible innovations in technology utilization for enhancing enterprise performance is a first step to begin the fulfillment of information system mission. Such a planning can be satisfied by employing Enterprise Architecture Planning methodology, which is purposed to deliver data architecture, application architecture, technology architecture and implementation plan. Implementation plan is comprised of a sequence of application development and technology platform migration / acquisition. Such a sequence is elaborated further according to business aspect as a main drive, organizational aspect which addresses people who will be involved in implementation, information system and information technology environment aspect as an interface for existing and future systems, and application development aspect which interconnects one stage in the development sequence with another. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Pencapaian tujuan suatu enterprise menghadapi berbagai tantangan serta perubahan yang memerlukan strategi untuk langkah-langkah efektif dan pemanfaatan sumber daya yang efisien. Salah satu strategi yang penting dan semakin banyak digunakan adalah pemanfaatan dan peningkatan dukungan sistem informasi bagi enterprise. Penerapan strategi ini mengembankan misi pada sistem informasi yang pemenuhannya memerlukan keterpaduan arah dalam perencanaan, pelaksanaan

  1. Pemanfaatan Pelayanan Kesehatan oleh Perempuan Terinfeksi HIV/AIDS

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    Rialike Burhan

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Perempuan terinfeksi human immunodeficiency virus dan acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS mempunyai permasalahan yang kompleks sehubungan dengan penyakit dan statusnya, sehingga mereka mempunyai kebutuhan yang khusus. Kebutuhan perawatan, dukungan dan pengobatan tersebut dapat diperoleh dengan mengakses pelayanan kesehatan yang tersedia untuk dapat mengoptimalkan kesehatan mereka sehingga dapat meningkatkan kualitas hidup. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis hubungan faktor predisposisi yang meliputi pengetahuan, sikap, stigma, faktor pemungkin yang meliputi jarak ke pelayanan kesehatan dan faktor penguat berupa dukungan sosial dengan pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan pada perempuan terinfeksi HIV/AIDS. Rancangan penelitian menggunakan pendekatan potong lintang. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kelompok Dukungan Sebaya Female Plus Kota Bandung pada bulan Juni sampai Juli 2012. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 40 orang perempuan terinfeksi HIV/AIDS. Data di analisis secara univariat, bivariat, dan multivariat. Hasil penelitian ini didapatkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan secara statistik yaitu usia, pendidikan, status perkawinan, status pekerjaan, faktor predisposisi (pengetahuan, sikap, stigma, faktor penguat (dukungan sosial, dan faktor pemungkin yaitu jarak ke pelayanan kesehatan tidak berhubungan dengan pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan. Pengetahuan merupakan faktor penentu dalam pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan berpeluang 60,1 kali untuk memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan. Women living with HIV/AIDS have a complex problems who connection with the disease and her status, because they have special needs, for care, support and treatment can be obtained by accessing the health services available to optimize their health so as to improve the quality of life. The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation between three factors, predisposing factors (knowledge, attitudes, stigma, enabling factors (distance to health services, and

  2. PEMANFAATAN KALENG ALUMINIUM BEKAS DALAM MENANGANI PENCEMARAN AIR

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    WIWIK SUSANAH RITA

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Community service by giving a lecture and practical work with a title: “Utilizing of Aluminum Cans used for Water Purification (Pemanfaatan Kaleng Aluminium Bekas dalam Upaya Penjernihan Air” was be held on Wednesday, 22nd of August 2007. The participants of this activity were about 45 of the Third degree Students of SMAN Abiansemal Badung. The aim of the activity was to give information that aluminum cans can be recycled into alum (tawas, where it can be used for water purification. The result of this activity indicated that the knowledge of the students have broaden. This was showed by Their enthusiastic to give some questions and ideas. They paid attention about the environmental cleanliness, so this activity can help them to solve many environmental problems and motivate them to run a private enterprise.

  3. Pemanfaatan Frekuensi Untuk Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR

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    Diah Yuniarti

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Penanganan kejadian yang terkait dengan Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR di Indonesia yang merupakan negara yang rawan terhadap bencana dan permasalahan sosial membutuhkan komunikasi yang intensif. Penelitian ini mengkaji mengenai kondisi pemanfaatan frekuensi PPDR di Indonesia dan strategi pengembangan ke depannya dengan menggunakan analisis SWOT. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sistem komunikasi pada instansi PPDR di Indonesia tidak mendukung interoperabilitas dalam penanganan kejadian PPDR yang terkoordinasi. Selain itu, pita frekuensi yang digunakan merupakan pita sempit yang tidak mendukung aplikasi video dan data kecepatan tinggi yang dibutuhkan dalam penanganan kejadian PPDR yang lebih efektif. Oleh karena itu, dalam perencanaan alokasi frekuensi ke depannya, pemerintah perlu mengintegrasikan pita lebar ke dalam perencanaan sistem Government Radio Network (GRN.

  4. EFISIENSI PRODUKSI PETANI JAGUNG MADURA DALAM MEMPERTAHANKAN KEBERADAAN JAGUNG LOKAL

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    Isdiana Suprapti

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis tingkat efisiensi produksi, alokatif dan ekonomis petani jagung terhadap usaha tani jagung lokal, menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi efisiensi produksi. Analisis data yang digunakan berupa analisis fungsi produksi stochastic frontier yang diestimasi  dengan metoda maximum likelihood (MLE dengan memakai program komputasi frontier versi 4.1 yang dikembangkan oleh Coelli (1996. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat efisiensi ekonomi komoditi jagung lokal di kecamatan Guluk-Guluk Kabupaten Sumenep sebesar 0,676. Efisiensi teknis sebesar 0,29 (belum efisien, sedangkan efisiensi alokatif/harga sebesar 3,108 (sudah efisien. Faktor yang secara nyata mempengaruhi efisiensi ekonomi adalah pengalaman usahatani dan pendidikan formal petani. Faktor yang secara nyata mempengaruhi efisiensi teknis usahatani adalah pengalaman usahatani ABSTRACTThe purpose of the research is to analyze the level of production efficiency, alokatif and economical corn farmers on local corn farmer, analyzes the factors that affect the level of production efficiency. The analysis of the data used in the analysis of stochastic frontier production function which is being estimated by the method of maximum likelihood (MLE using the computing frontier version 4.1 program developed by Coelli (1996. The result showed that the level of economic efficiency comodities Fakultas Pertanian localized in sub-district sumenep guluk-guluk district of 0,676. Technical efficiency of 0,29 ( not efficient , while efficiency alokatif / price of 3,108 ( efficient . Factor that significantly affect economic efficiency is an experience and formal education of farmers

  5. PENGELOLAAN PROGRAM HUTAN KEMASYARAKATAN BERBASIS KEARIFAN LOKAL : Studi Kasus Di Kawasan Hutan Lindung Sesaot Lombok Barat

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    Mukhtar - -

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK   Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1 memahami makna program HKm oleh masyarakat; (2 Memahami penerapan Awig-awig mengenai program HKm dan (3 memahami penerapan program HKm. Beberapa teori yang digunakan dalam menganalisa temuan penelitian antara lain teori ekologi manusia dan teori interaksional simbolik. Metode penelitian menggunakan rancangan kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi kasus.  Sumber data atau informan adalah masyarakat yang tinggal di sekitar kawasan hutan yang termasuk penggarap program HKm dan penggarap HKm non program, juga orang dari luar kawasan hutan yang dianggap relevan. Penentuan informan dilakukan dengan metode snowball sampling dan purposive. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui pengamatan, wawancara mendalam, studi dokumentasi dan triangulasi. Sedangkan analisa data dilakukan melalui analisa deskriptif menggunakan model Miles dan Huberman. Pengujian keabsahan data dan informasi, dilakukan dengan metode triangulasi dan pemeriksaan sejawat melalui diskusi. Hasil penelitian; Pertama, makna program HKm oleh masyarakat dipahami sebagai kesempatan untuk memperoleh hak kelola lahan di dalam kawasan hutan untuk kegiatan usaha tani. Akibatnya masyarakat cenderung berprilaku eksploitatif untuk memaksimalkan manfaat ekonomi lahan. Dalam kaitannya dengan fungsi konservasi, terjadi perbedaan pemahaman antara masyarakat dengan Dinas Kehutanan. Masyarakat memaknai konservasi dari keseluruhan vegetasi sebagai kesatuan fungsi ekonomi dan konservasi, sehingga pemanfaatan lahan lebih didominasi oleh tanaman MPTS. Dinas Kehutanan memaknai tanaman pohon untuk pengintegrasian fungsi konservasi guna mendukung manfaat ekonomi. Ke dua, Revitalisasi nilai Awig-awig sebagai aturan pelaksanaan program HKm masih dipandang sebagai simbolisasi nilai lokal. Dalam implementasinya belum efektif untuk mendukung pengintegrasian fungsi konservasi  dan fungsi ekonomi sesuai dengan tujuan program HKm. Dari 12 muatan aturan dalam Awig-awig kawasan, hanya

  6. MODEL REKORDING DATA PERFORMANS SAPI POTONG LOKAL DI INDONESIA

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    L Hakim

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Kontribusi ternak lokal dalam memenuhi kebutuhan pangan protein hewani bagi masyarakat Indonesia masih patut diperhitungkan, walau ditenggarai ada penurunan populasinya. Adanya tingkat pemotongan ternak produktif yang tidak seimbang dengan tingkat reproduksinya, ditambah dengan masih berlangsungnya kebijakan impor sapi potong maupun dagingnya, menyebabkan terancamnya ternak sapi lokal menuju kepunahan. Upaya yang harus dilakukan adalah mengembangkan populasinya dengan memperbaiki performans produksi dan reproduksinya. Namun perlu diingat bahwa dalam program perbaikan mutu genetik ternak, program rekording yang dilakukan secara tertib, benar, akurat, dan berkesinambungan, harus mendapat prioritas utama. Untuk memudahkan rekapitulasi dan analisis data, diperlukan software rekording, yang tentunya harus sederhana dan mudah diterapkan di lapang. Dalam Program Rusnas Sapi, telah dirancang software rekording sapi potong (SRS Versi.1.1. yang dapat digunakan untuk rekapitulasi dan pengolahan data performans produksi dan reproduksinya. Dalam implementasinya di lapang, software tersebut masih terus dikembangkan dan di update sesuai dengan kebutuhan penggunanya. Bersamaan dengan perancangan software rekording sapi, juga telah dipersiapkan disain website sapi potong lokal Indonesia, dimana beberapa tahapan inventarisasi data telah dilakukan. Dengan demikian diharapkan akan terdapat wadah komunikasi bagi para peternak dan terakumulasinya data-base sapi potong lokal di Indonesia. Kata kunci: Rekording, performans, sapi potong lokal, software.   DATABASE RECORDING MODELS OF INDONESIAN  LOCAL BEEF CATTLE PERFORMANCE ABSTRACT The contribution of livestock to meet local needs in food of animal protein for the people of Indonesia should still be calculated, despite the decline in population there. The existence of cutting the level of productive livestock that is not balanced with the reproduction level, and the remains of the policy of import of beef

  7. Deteksi Antibodi terhadap Cysticercus Cellulosae pada Babi Lokal yang Dipotong di Tempat Pemotongan Babi Panjer, Denpasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Bagus Ngurah Swacita

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Sistiserkosis merupakan penyakit yang bersifat zoonosis yang disebabkan oleh larva cacing pita Taenia solium yang disebut Cysticercus cellulosae. Di Indonesia terdapat tiga provinsi yang berstatus endemik penyakit sistiserkosis, salah satunya adalah provinsi Bali. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeteksi antibodi terhadap C. cellulosae pada babi lokal yang dipotong di tempat pemotongan babi Panjer, Denpasar. Sampel penelitian adalah 270 sampel serum babi lokal yang dipotong di tempat pemotongan babi Panjer, Denpasar Selatan. Babi lokal ini berasal dari Nusa Penida, Karangasem dan Negara. Sampel serum diuji dengan metode ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay indirect. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa antibodi C. cellulosae terdeteksi pada 33 sampel. Disimpulkan bahwa terdeteksi antibodi C. cellulosae pada 33 sampel dari 270 sampel serum babi lokal yang dipotong di tempat pemotongan babi Panjer, Denpasar.

  8. DEBUS BANTEN: Pergeseran Otentisitas dan Negosiasi Islam-Budaya Lokal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiki Muhamad Hakiki

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Sebagai suatu produk budaya, kesenian debus merepleksikan kompleksitas manusia itu sendiri. Di dalamnya terdapat kepentingan sosial, politik, bahkan nilai-nilai religi. Dalam historisitasnya debus mengalami pasang surut khususnya ketika berhadapan dengan perkembangan zaman dan nilai kelokalan. Artikel ini mengkaji apakah kesenian debus telah mengalami perubahan atau dengan kata lain terpengaruh oleh budaya lokal atau tidak. Hasil penelitian menemukan fakta bahwa kesenian debus nampaknya sudah mengalami pergeseran dan perubahan karena ia harus menyesuaikan diri agar tak ketinggalan zaman atau bahkan dilupakan. Kesenian debus saat ini sudah mengalami modifikasi yang ditunjukkan dengan banyak sekali hal-hal yang tak pernah dipraktekkan pada debus tempo dulu. Debus saat ini telah meninggalkan atau lepas dari asalnya yakni tarekat. Pergeseran itu terlihat dari segi ritual, gaya pertunjukan, pola perekrutan personil dan tujuan yang ingin dicapai. Kesenian debus sekarang lebih cenderung digunakan sebagai alat hiburan masyarakat atau menjadi komoditi pariwisata saja ketimbang sebagai suatu produk budaya yang mengandung nilai keagamaan.

  9. TRANSMISI BUDAYA DAN KEARIFAN LOKAL PADA PENDIDIKAN ANAK USIA DINI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sriyati Astuti

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini berusaha mengungkap kesadaran pendidik sebagai transmitter budaya bagi anak-anak usia dini. Atas dasar itu, kajian bertujuan untuk mengetahui kesadaran pengelola Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini dalam mentransmisi budaya dan kearifan lokal. Kajian lapangan ini data-datanya diperoleh melalui wawancara, ombservasi dan dokumentasi, dengan lokasi riset pada PAUD al-Hidayah yang terletak di desa Kauman, Argomulyo, Cangkringan Sleman. didapatkan kesimpulan bahwa pendidik pada umumnya belum memahami perannya pentingnya sebagai transmitter budaya. memberi contoh (voorbeeled, memberikan pembiasaan (pakulinan, gewoontevorming, pengajaran (leering, wulan wuruk, perintah, paksaan dan hukuman (regeering en tucht.   This study aims to find out awareness of teacher of Early Childhood Education in transmitting culture and local wisdom. Through field studies approach on al-Hidayah Early Childhood Education Institute which is located in the village of Kauman, Argomulyo, Cangkringan, Sleman, it was concluded that teachers in general do not understand its importance as a transmitter of culture.

  10. Pemanfaatan Limbah Kulit Pisang Lilin (Musa paradisiaca Sebagai Pakan Alternatif Ayam Pedaging (Gallus galus domesticus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan Hidayat

    2016-04-01

    utilization (Gallus gallus domesticus has been done. The research aims to find the utilization of candle banana skin as an alternative feed for broilers growth. This research was being used 1-day old broiler. And using competely randomized design (CRD with 5 treatments and 2 repititions this research was being used candles banana skin extract with 0% control 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% concentration.the analized was being used variant analysis (ANOVA, it could continu with Least Significent Difference (LSD if there is a difference between the treatments with 95% confidence level. The result of this research show that the best gain of broiler, weight, is using 0% candles banana skin extract 289.04 grams. However, this result of mixing feed between candles banana skin and comercial put highhest in (25% candles banana skin consentration 259.20 grams, (50% 250.92 grams, (75% 251.65 grams whie the lowest result that cousing the death of broiler is in (100% candle banana extract consentration treatment because of high C/N contained. espescially on the high   N-Total cause the decrease of C/N ratio so that there is on mineralization procers on in creasing the feed contained. The conclution is the concentration of the feed given to broilers, it aaffects the low growth average of broilers the feed in 25%- 75% concentrations can consumed by the broilers to increase the weight. Keywords: Broilers, Candles banana skin, Growth and The rate of consumption Cara sitasi: Hidayat, R., Setiawan, A., Nofyan, E. (2016. Pemanfaatan Limbah Kulit Pisang Lilin (Musa paradisiaca Sebagai Pakan Alternatif Ayam Pedaging (Gallus galus domesticus. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan,14(1,11-17, doi:10.14710/jil.14.1.11-17

  11. UNSUR-UNSUR KEARIFAN LOKAL MASYARAKAT PESISIR CILACAP

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    Sugeng Priyadi & Dini Siswani Mulia

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Local wisdom explains the phenomenon of Watugunung Complex, Sangkuriang Complex, Jaka Sona Complex, and Kamandaka Complex. This phenomenon can be compared to the Oedipus complex phenomena in classical Greek civilization. The similarity phenomenon of Jaka Sona Complex and Oedipus complex is in killing the father. However, Jaka Sona did not marry his mother, even he did not have the desire to his mother while Sangkuriang also killed his father but he failed to marry his mother. Both Watugunung and Oedipus married their mother though Watugunung did not kill his father. Among the five phenomena, only Kamandaka complex is different because he did not kill his father and he did not marry his mother either.  He just wanted to marry a woman who looked like his mother’s face. The local wisdoms happened when healing the disease epidemic by using the three-color oil. Keywords: local wisdom, Oedipus Complex, classical Greek civilization, father’s killing, Tigawarna. Kearifan lokal menjelaskan adanya fenomena Watugunung Complex, Sangkuriang Complex, Jaka Sona Complex, dan Kamandaka Complex. Fenomena tersebut dapat dibandingkan dengan fenomena Oedipus Complex dalam peradaban Yunani klasik. Kesamaan fenomena Jaka Sona Complex dengan Oedipus Complex adalah pembunuhan ayah. Namun, Jaka Sona tidak menyunting ibunya, bahkan ia tidak memiliki hasrat. Sangkuriang juga membunuh ayahnya, tetapi gagal mengawini ibunya. Oedipus dan Watugunung sama-sama mengawini ibunya, tetapi Watugunung tidak membunuh ayahnya. Di antara kelima fenomena tersebut, hanya Kamandaka yang paling ringan karena ia tidak membunuh ayahnya dan tidak mengawini ibunya, melainkan ia mempunyai hasrat terhadap wanita yang mirip dengan wajah ibunya. Muncul kearifan dalam bentuk penyembuhan terhadap wabah penyakit dengan minyak tigawarna. Kata kunci: kearifan lokal, Oedipus Complex, peradaban Yunani klasik, pembunuhan ayah, dan Tigawarna.    

  12. PEMANFAATAN SOSIAL MEDIA DALAM PENYULUHAN PERTANIAN DAN PERIKANAN DI INDONESIA

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    Kadhung Prayoga

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKPertukaran informasi menjadi masalah yang mendapat sorotan dalam kegiatan penyuluhan pertanian dan perikanan. Sulitnya petani mengakses informasi ini kemudian memunculkan solusi dengan memanfaatkan teknologi informasi seperti media sosial. Sehingga, paper ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana pelaksanaan penyuluhan yang memanfaatkan media sosial ini lewat sebuah studi literature terhadap sumber data sekunder. Dari hasil analisis penggunaan facebook dirasa masih sangat kurang optimal karena tidak ada update informasi terkait kegiatan perikanan. Namun, Kementerian Pertanian justru sangat aktif dalam menggunakan facebook. Sedangkan untuk pemanfaatan twitter, keduanya sama-sama aktif untuk berinteraksi dengan masyarakat. Pemanfaatan video conference dinilai sangat baik untuk Pusat Penyuluhan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Kelautan dan Perikanan, namun masih kurang dioptimalkan oleh Kementerian Pertanian. Secara rutin dua institusi ini memperbaharui informasi terkait kegiatan pertanian dan perikanan seperti: budi daya, teknologi, maupun pemasaran. Sehingga, dapat disimpulkan bahwa kegiatan penyuluhan yang memanfaatkan media sosial harus terus dioptimalkan karena jumlah penggunanya yang terus meningkat.UTILIZATION OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES EXTENSION ACTIVITY IN INDONESIAABSTRACTThe exchange of information becomes a problem that gets the spotlight in the agriculture and fisheries extension activities. The difficulty for farmers to access this information is then led to solutions that take advantage of information technology such as social media.Thus, this paper aims to determine how the implementation of social media outreach utilizing it through a literature study on secondary data sources. From the analysis of the use of facebook it is still a very sub-optimal because there is no update information related to fishing activities. However, the Ministry of Agriculture is very much active in using facebook. As for the use of

  13. PEMANFAATAN SENYAWA BIOAKTIF DARI EKSTRAK KULIT BATANG Artocarpus sp SEBAGAI INHIBITOR TIROSINASE PADA PIGMENTASI KULIT

    OpenAIRE

    Florentina Maria Titin Supriyanti

    2009-01-01

    Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang pemanfaatan senyawa bioaktif dari ekstrak kulit batang Artocarpus sp sebagai inhibitor tirosinase pada pigmentasi kulit. Pada penelitian ini digunakan tiga jenis Artocarpus, yaitu A. heterophyllus (nangka), A. altilis (sukun) dan A. communis (kluwih). Kajian difokuskan pada penentuan jenis Artocarpus apakah yang potensial dalam menginhibisi reaksi tirosinase, serta pelarut organik apakah yang mampu mengekstrak senyawa bioaktif tersebut secara optimum. Metode...

  14. Pemanfaatan Limbah Tanaman Rambutan sebagai Pupuk dan Sirup di Kelurahan Ngadirgo Mijen Semarang

    OpenAIRE

    Dzakiy,, M. Anas; Sulistyoningsih, Mei; Ristanto, Sigit; Rakhmawati, Reni; Handayani, Diana Endah

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia memiliki potensi sumberdaya alam yang sangat melimpah tetapi keberadaannya belum mampu dimanfaatkan secara maksimal. Kelurahan Ngadirgo Mijen Semarang memiliki potensi tanaman rambutan yang melimpah tetapi ironisnya masih banyak masyarakat yang hidup dibawah garis kemiskinan. Tujuan dari IbM ini meningkatkan taraf kehidupan masyarakat Ngadirgo melalui optimalisasi pemanfaatan tanaman rambutan. Program IbM meliputi brainstorming enterpreneurship dan strategi mengoptimalisasi poten...

  15. Pemanfaatan Limbah Cair Industri Tahu sebagai Pupuk Cair Organik terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tanaman Kangkung Darat (Ipomoea Reptans Poir)

    OpenAIRE

    Aliyenah, Aliyenah; A Napoleon, A Napoleon; Yudono, Bambang

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian tentang Pemanfaatan Limbah Cair Industri Tahu Sebagai Pupuk Cair Organik Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Produksi Tanaman Kangkung Darat (Ipomoea reptans Poir) ini telah dilaksanakan pada Ja-nuari - Maret 2013. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pemanfaatan limbah cair industri tahu agar dapat digunakan sebagai pupuk cair organik untuk tanaman kangkung darat. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan meng-gunakan Rancang Acak Kelompok (RAK), dengan perlakuan konsentrasi pupuk cair organik dari ...

  16. Arahan Intensitas Pemanfaatan Ruang Perdagangan Jasa Berdasarkan Peluang Telecommuting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariyaningsih Ariyaningsih

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pergerakan bekerja dari kawasan perumahan menuju pusat kota yang umumnya didominasi kegiatan perdagangan jasa, menyebabkan arus kendaraan meningkat pada jam-jam puncak. Sementara perkembangan dunia teknologi dan informasi memberikan peluang bagi para pekerja di bidang jasa untuk mengurangi pergerakannya dengan menerapkan telecommuting, di mana para pekerja menggantikan pergerakannya dengan bekerja dari rumah atau tempat lain dengan memanfaatkan teknologi komunikasi dan informasi. Analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis crosstab dan chi-square untuk menguji variabel-variabel yang mempengaruhi preferensi pekerja dalam melakukan telecommuting. Sedangkan untuk mendapatkan peluang telecommuting mengunakan metode peramalan telecommuting yang ditemukan oleh Mokhtarian (1996 [2]. Hasil dari peluang tersebut nantinya akan direpresentasikan dalam jumlah penurunan pergerakan bekerja yang secara langsung mengurangi volume kendaraan di Mayjen Sungkono. Penelitian ini menghasilkan peluang telecommuting sebesar 9,9% - 42,95% dari total pergerakan pekerja. Dari simulasi telecommuting tersebut didapatkan peningkatan DS dari 0,96 menjadi 0,87. Namun ini belum memenuhi kriteria jalan arteri sekunder. Maka dibuatlah dua skenario. Skenario pertama dengan DS 0,7 menghasilkan trip ceiling 529,1 smp/hari. Skenario kedua dengan DS 0,79 menghasilkan trip ceiling 1437,92 smp/jam. Untuk arahan pemanfaatan ruang dapat digunakan penerapan corridor system building untuk masing-masing luas lantai. Jika luas eksisting melebihi dari trip ceiling, maka arahan diberlakukan untuk bangunan baru atau alih fungsi lahan.

  17. PEMANFAATAN SUMBER DAYA GENETIK LOKAL DALAM PERAKITAN VARIETAS UNGGUL CABAI (CAPSICUM ANNUUM TAHAN TERHADAP PENYAKIT ANTRAKNOSA YANG DISEBABKAN OLEH COLLETOTRICHUM SP

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    Muhamad Syukur

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The use of resistant varieties based on local resources is one way to solve the problem of anthracnose disease. This study aims to identify the species of anthracnose isolates (Colletotricum accutatum, C. gloeosporioides, and C. capsici from the various centers of chili production through the characterization of conidia, get the genotypes that are resistant to anthracnose disease, and get information about resistance to anthracnose disease of chili pepper lines. Research activities include morphological characterization of Colletotrichum isolates, screening of resistance the chili pepper lines to anthracnose disease, and screening of resistance the pepper genotypes of exploration results to anthracnose disease. The results showed that the isolates found in the field consist of 3 species, namely C. capsici, C. acutatum, and C. gloesporioides. Forty two isolates of 67 isolates were C. capsici, the rest were C. acutatum or C. gloesporioides. The chili pepper lines were tested, including the criteria for moderate to highly susceptible to anthracnose diseases caused by C. acutatum. IPB C15 Genotype was consistently more resistant to anthracnose caused by C. acutatum as compared to 27 other genotypes.

  18. SINERGISME PEMANFAATAN SUMBERDAYA LOKAL DAN PEMBERDAYAAN KELOMPOK IBU-IBU DI DESA LAMUNTI PERMAI A1 KAWASAN EKS PLG KALIMANTAN TENGAH

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    GUSTI IRYA ICHRIANI, dkk.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This Community Service was conducted in conjunction to the IbM programme DP2M DIKTI 2013 with the women groups of Lamunti Permai Kawasan Ex PLG, sub distric Mentangai, District Kapuas, Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan. The purposes of IbM programme (1 assist local communities in order to empower the surrounding natural resources, namely pineapple and (2 provide the skills of women to cultivate pineapple into processed food products which can become be a business opportunity for them. In late the IbM program, the group of women partners are skilled making, packing and labeling of processed pineapple products. Processed pineapple products are made in the form of crackers and wetcandied pineapples. The products were introduced to the outside Lamunti Permai. The problems encountered were the standard product could not be done in the distant location for marketing which led to increase the production costs, and moreover the production license that does not exist so that consumer confidence in processed food products is still low. Keywords: pineapple crackers, pineapple candied

  19. PEMIKIRAN GUS DUR TENTANG PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DAN KEARIFAN LOKAL

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    LukLuk Nur Mufidah

    2015-08-01

    lokal. Kearifan lokal tersebut merupakan nilai-nilai yang terkandung dalam tradisi dan juga ajaran agama Islam. Dalam bahasa Gus Dur, kearifan lokal itu disebut dengan Pribumisasi Islam, di mana ajaran agama Islam dan tradisi lokal dijadikan landasan moral dalam kehidupan nyata kehidupan masyarakat. Karena penanaman nilai-nilai moral dapat dilakukan melalui pendidikan, maka kearifan lokal (tradisi dan ajaran agama Islam harus dijadikan ruh dalam proses pendidikan tersebut. Adat kebiasaan dalam suatu tatanan masyarakat menjadi bagian yang tak terpisahkan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Norma adat yang yang berlaku menjadi landasan moral dalam berperilaku. Sedangkan ajaran agama menjadi pedoman hidup agar sesuai dengan tuntunan Allah SWT. Kearifan lokal yang terbentuk dari tradisi lokal dan lokalitas ajaran agama mampu memberikan pelajaran hidup yang berguna bagi proses perkembangan kedewasaan seseorang melalui proses pendidikan. Keywords : Gus Dur, pendidikan karakter, kearifan lokal

  20. PEMBERDAYAAN PEREMPUAN MELALUI PELATIHAN PENGOLAHAN BAHAN PANGAN LOKAL

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    Wildan Saugi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pelatihan pengolahan bahan pangan lokal yang dapat memberdayakan warga perempuan dusun Pagerjirak, Kejobong, Purbalingga. Penelitian ini merupakan participatory action research (PAR dengan pendekatan kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari kepala dusun, tujuh anggota tim pengelola dusun, dan 15 warga perempuan dusun. Data penelitian diperoleh dengan teknik observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian adalah sebagai berikut. (1 Perencanaan partisipatoris terdiri dari identifikasi kebutuhan dusun dan penyiapan tim pengelola program dusun. (2 Pelaksanaan proses pemberdayaan melalui pelatihan dimulai dengan  menyiapkan tim pengelola, membentuk  kelompok usaha, menjalin kemitraan dengan pihak pemerintah dan swasta, membangun rumah produksi, mengajukan izin produksi, produksi dan pemasaran produk,  melakukan studi banding ke industri rumah tangga, melakukan perbaikan dan diversifikasi produk, dilanjutkan dengan pelatihan massal, dan pendampingan. (3 Indikator keberhasilan pelatihan diantaranya adalah bertambahnya pengetahuan dan keterampilan warga, serta diperolehnya pendapatan hasil usaha penjualan produk. (4 Keberlanjutan program pemberdayaan perempuan ditunjukkan dengan telah adanya pengembangan produk atau variasi produk dan terbentuknya kemandirian tim. Kata Kunci: pemberdayaan perempuan, pelatihan, bahan pangan lokal   WOMAN EMPOWERMENT THROUGH LOCAL PRODUCE PROCESSING TRAININGS Abstract This research aims to reveal the local produce processing that can empower women in Pagerjirak, Kejobong, Purbalingga. This research was participatory action research with the qualitative and quantitative approach. The research subject consisted of the village chief, core team consisting of seven people, and 15 women in the village. The research data were obtained through observations, interviews, and documentation. The results of research are as follows. (1 The participatory planning

  1. IDENTIFIKASI KAPANG PADA KECAP KEDELAI MANIS PRODUKSI LOKAL KEDIRI DENGAN METODE PENGENCERAN

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    Durroh Humairoh

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Kecap kedelai merupakan salah satu produk fermentasi yang telah dikenal sejak ribuan tahun yang lalu di berbagai negara termasuk Indonesia. Namun kecap kedelai manis merupakan produk kecap kedelai yang merupakan produk khas Indonesia. Faktor keamanan pangan berkaitan dengan tercemar tidaknya pangan oleh cemaran mikrobiologis, logam berat, dan bahan kimia yang membahayakan kesehatan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui jumlah kapang dan jenis kapang yang ditemukan pada sampel kecap produk lokal Kediri. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pengenceran hingga 101 dari 10 sampel kecap kedelai manis produksi lokal Kediri dengan merek yang berbeda. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa pada sampel kecap kedelai manis ditemukan jumlah kapang sebanyak < 50 koloni/ml pada setiap sampelnya dan jenis kapang yang ditemukan meliputi Penicillium sp., Aspergillus sp., Rhizopus sp., dan Mucor sp. sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa kecap produksi Kediri aman dikonsumsi karena sesuai standar yang ditetapkan Pemerintah dalam SNI 3543: 2013.   Kata kunci: Jumlah koloni, Jenis kapang, Kecap kedelai manis, produk lokal Kediri

  2. Globale udfordringer kræver lokale legitimiteter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bouchet, Dominique

    2009-01-01

    Generalt: De udfordringer, et samfund når at opfatte eller at sætte op, er altid forankret i psyko-socio-antropologiske vilkår, som det nu måske er muligt bedre at opfatte i stedet for at fornægte, netop ved hjælp af den snævre økonomiske tankegang. Ligeledes gælder det om at indse såvel det, som......, som ville kunne erstatte de gamle stater og nationer, som de snarere anser for at være en bremseklods end end at være mulige aktører i denne proces. Som jeg ser det, med henvisning til det jeg skrev ovenfor, er vi langt fra en sådan mulighed, og uden de fælles referencer og legitimiteter, som de...... nationale stater udgør, vil man ikke kunne danne grundlag for en fælles dialog - tværtimod. Der skal være et fælles grundlag at forhandle ud fra, inden der kan etableres en fælles respekt for verdensinstitutioner, ligesom der skal være institutioner, som på det lokale plan kan sørge for, at fælles...

  3. VALUASI EKONOMI PEMANFAATAN HASIL HUTAN YANG TIDAK DAPAT DIPASARKAN PADA KAWASAN HUTAN LINDUNG TAMAN HUTAN RAYA SULTAN ADAM KALIMANTAN SELATAN

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    Munandar Munandar

    2017-06-01

    . Kesediaan  membayar (WTP masyarakat ditanyakan langsung kepada243 responden menggunakan kuesioner terhadap spesies flora dan fauna yang teridentifikasi. Hasil penelitian, flora hasil hutan yang tidak dapat dipasarkan teridentifikasi sebanyak 7 spesies digunakan sebagai bahan makanan, 2 spesies untuk obat dan tonikum, satu  spesies berpotensi untuk substitusi kosmetik, satu jenis untuk racun hama, satu jenis untuk kerajinan tangan. Terdapat 8 jenis burung dua antaranya adalah  spesies langka seperti enggang (Buceros rhinoceros dan haruai atau Merak Kalimantan (Argusius argus. Mamalia besar seperti rusa (Cervus unicolor, kijang (Muntiacus muntjak dan babi hutan (Sus barbatus. Kesedian membayar total dalam perspektif masyarakat lokal  sebesar Rp.494.483.164,61 per tahun atau  Rp. 7.271,81 per hektar per tahun atas pemanfaatan hasil hutan yang tidak dapat dipasarkan sebagai representasi penghargaan atas  hasil hutan yang dinikmati

  4. KAJIAN FILOSOFIS TERHADAP PEMIKIRAN HUMAN- EKOLOGI DALAM PEMANFAATAN SUMBERDAYA ALAM (Philosophical Studies of Human Ecology Thinking on Natual Resource Use

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    Armaidy Armawi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian inibertujuan untuk memberikan alternatif solusi terhadap upaya mengurangi dampak kerusakan lingkungan akibat ekploitasi sumberdaya alam yang dilakukan manusia melalui proses pembangunan dengan pendekatan filosofi apakah hakikat dan esensi dari manusiadan bagaimana kedudukannya di alam semesta ini? Apa yang harus dilakukan manusia untuk menjaga dan mengembangkan kehidupan diri dan lingkungannya?Penelitian merupakan penelitian kepustakaan yang bersifat kualitatif. Metoda yang digunakan adalah  verstehen,interpretasi,  hermeneutika dan heuristik. Hasil  penelitian menunjukkan bahwaproses pembangunan dan upaya manusia dalam melakukan eksploitasi sumberdaya alam yang tidak rasional dan hanya mementingkan “syahwat” keserakahan dan kenikmatan (hedonisme telah memberi andil yang cukup penting dalam membentuk selera konsumtifisme. Eksploitasi sumberdaya alam berdasarkan pandangan yang individualistik-materialistik, telah menyebabkan timbulnya konflik-konflik yang berakibat pada korban manusia dan kerusakan lingkungan serta menciptakan jurang pemisah antara kesejahteraan dan kemiskinan. Oleh karena itu, dalam pembangunan diperlukan kerangka pemikiran yang bersifat antro-ekologis-filsafati (human ecology. Karena dengan kerangka pemikiran atau paradigma tersebut berbagai dimensi dapat terangkum di dalameksistensi manusia dan eksistensi lain menurut ukuran kemanusiandi dalam dirinya. Dengan demikian,apa yang dikatakan pembangunan yang berwajah insani dan lestari lingkungannya dalam pertimbangan dimensi waktu, manusia, alam serta dimensi religius dapat terbawa. Analisa dampak lingkungan dalam perencanaan pembangunan tidak cukup hanya dengan mempertimbangkan aspek teknis seperti analisa kerusakan, pencemaran dan kelestarian lingkungan, akan tetapi aspek non-teknis, yakni nilai etis yang didasarkan pada kearifan manusia dan kearifan lokal juga penting diperhatikan,agar tidak terjadi penolakan-penolakan dan konflik antarunsur ekologi

  5. PEMANFAATAN TELUR AYAM SEBAGAI PABRIK BIOLOGIS (KAJIAN PUSTAKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I WAYAN TEGUH WIBAWAN

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian tentang pemanfaatan telur sebagai pabrik biologis dilakukan sangat komprehensif di beberapa institusi perguruan tinggi di Inonesia, yakni Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan (FKH Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB, FKH Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM, FKH Universitas Udayana (UNUD, FKH Universitas Syahkuala (Unsyiah, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Indonesia. Jejaring penelitian dibangun dengan baik dan telah menghasilkan beberapa produk, antara lain: telur berkhasiat flu burung H5N1, telur Anti Tetanus Serum, Telur Anti Diare, Telur anti Plaque dan Telur Anti White Spot Syndrome Virus pada udang. Secara ilmiah khasiat IgY spesifik dalam kuning telur sebagai senyawa therapeutic telah diuji dan tinggal memerlukan sentuhan akhir tersendiri untuk dapat disajikan sebagai produk komersial. Peran industri yang relevan sangat dibutuhkan dalam mewujudkan hal ini. THE USE OF EGG AS A BIOLOGICAL PRODUCER FOR SPESIFIC ANTIBODIES ABSTRACTS The use of egg as a biological producer for specific antibodies were done intensively among well known universities in Indonesia, such as Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (FVM of FVM of IPB, FVM of UGM, FVM of UDAYANA and FVM of UNSYIAH as well as Faculty of Dental Medicine Indonesia University. The collaboration and research networking among those institutions run as expected and succeed to produce some important products such as eggs containing IgY anti avian flu as well as anti tetanus, anti diarrhea, anti plaques and eggs anti WSSV in shrimp. The potency of specific IgY as immunotherapeutic substances had been studied and need the commercial touch from the respective industries until this products in market available.

  6. Pemanfaatan Limbah Tanaman Rambutan Sebagai Pupuk dan Sirup Di Kelurahan Ngadirgo Mijen Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Anas Dzakiy,

    2014-05-01

    Program IbM meliputi brainstorming enterpreneurship dan strategi mengoptimalisasi potensi daerah khususnya tanaman rambutan; pengenalan tentang rambutan dan alternatif pemanfaatannya; pengenalan tentang variasi pupuk dan dampak pupuk kimia terhadap lingkungan; pelatihan pembuatan sirup rambutan; serta pelatihan pembuatan pupuk organik cair berbahan dasar limbah tanaman rambutan dengan aktivator MOL (Mikro Organisme Lokal. Hasil yang dicapai adalah terbukanya wacana tentang strategi peningkatan taraf hidup masyarakat dengan mengoptimalkan potensi lokal tanaman rambutan sebagai produk sirup dan pupuk organik cair yang lebih murah dan ramah lingkungan Kata kunci : Rambutan, Enterpreneurship, Pupuk Organik Cair, Sirup

  7. INTERVENSI KOGNITIF DAN PENDEKATAN RANTAI NILAI DALAM PENINGKATAN PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI DAN KOMUNIKASI DI USAHA KECIL DAN MENENGAH DI BANDUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Widyanti

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Pemanfaatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi (TIK di usaha kecil dan menengah (UKM di Indonesia masih pada tingkat yang belum sesuai harapan. Mempertimbangkan bahwa UKM di Indonesia banyak menyerap tenaga kerja dan menyumbang pendapatan nasional yang cukup besar, serta melihat bahwa pemanfaatan TIK di banyak industri besar telah membawa peningkatan performansi yang cukup signifikan,  peningkatan pemanfaatan TIK di UKM merupakan hal yang penting untuk dilakukan. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk memetakan tingkat pemanfaatan TIK di UKM dan mengaplikasikan intervensi kognitif dan pendekatan rantai nilai dalam meningkatkan pemanfaatan TIK di UKM. Pemetaan pemanfaatan TIK dilakukan melalui survey dengan menggunakan kuesioner terstruktur dan wawancara yang melibatkan 61 UKM di berbagai bidang di Bandung. Hasil pemetaan pemanfaatan TIK di UKM menunjukkan bahwa pemanfaatan TIK di UKM sebatas pada tujuan pemasaran produk dan sebatas pada penggunaan website. Kendala utama pemanfaatan TIK di UKM adalah faktor SDM terutama berkaitan dengan keterbatasan pengetahuan dan informasi. Berdasarkan hasil pemetaan, selanjutnya, intervensi dilakukan melalui edukasi/kampanye dengan materi mengenai rantai nilai pada 30 UKM yang bergerak di bidang fashion. Hasil intervensi menunjukkan bahwa level pengetahuan dan intensi/kemauan untuk menerapkan TIK di UKM selain untuk kepentingan pemasaran (misalnya untuk perancangan produk dan hubungan dengan pemasok semakin meningkat. Implikasi dari hasil penelitian ini dibahas lebih lanjut.       Abstract The use of information and communication technology (ICT in small and medium enterprise (SME in Indonesia is at low level. Considering that SME in Indonesia employ a lot of people and contribute to Gross Domestic Product (GDP as well as improve performance of industries,  coupled with low level of ICT use in Indonesian SME, ICT’ used in SME must be increased. Therefore, this study aims to map the use of ICT in

  8. Studi Kesiapan Pemanfaatan Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi Serta Implementasi E-Goverment dengan Kerangka Kerja Cobit

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    Ahmad Budi Setiawan

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Studi ini bertujuan untuk melihat tentang kesiapan pemanfaatan TeknologiInformasi dan Komunikasi (e-readiness pada Kementerian Komunikasi danInformatika dalam rangka implementasi tata kelola pemerintahan secaraelektronis atau e-government. Dalam studi ini juga dibahas mengenai strategi implementasi e-government menggunakan kerangka kerja COBIT. Hasil dari studi ini menyimpulkan bahwa dengan menggunakan kerangka kerja COBIT sangat membantu dalam menentukan target kinerja proses-proses TI dalam proses implementasi e-government.

  9. Pemanfaatan Limbah Batu Marmer Sebagai Pengganti Agregat Kasar Pada Campuran Aspal Beton Terhadap Karakteristik Marshall

    OpenAIRE

    Syaiful Amal, Andi; Saleh, Chairil

    2015-01-01

    PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH BATU MARMER SEBAGAI PENGGANTI AGREGAT KASAR PADA CAMPURAN ASPAL BETON TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK MARSHALLThe Implementation Of Stone Marble Waste For Changer The Aggregate Rough To Mix Aplhalt Concrete Characteristics Of MarshalAndi Syaiful Amal1 & Chairil Saleh21,2Jurusan Teknik Sipil – Fakultas Teknik Univ. Muhammadiyah MalangAlamat Korespondensi : Jl. Raya Tlogomas No. 246 Malang 65144Email : The waste of marble stone is waste produced when manu...

  10. Urgensi Pengaturan Disclosure Requirements sebagai Syarat Aplikasi Hak Paten dalam Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Genetik di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Cendhayanie, Rara Amalia

    2013-01-01

    Sumber daya genetik (SDG) merupakan salah satu bagian dari sumber daya hayati (biological resources) dimana SDG mempunyai peranan yang penting sebagai fondasi yang pada intinya untuk menjamin keberlangsungan hidup umat manusia. Keberadaan Negara berkembang salah satunya adalah Indonesia dengan berbagai kekayaan alam dan potensi lainnya seperti SDG menjadi salah satu perhatian penting di tingkat Internasional khususnya dalam hal ini pemanfaatan SDG untuk berbagai kepentingan, yang kian meningk...

  11. KREATIVITAS EKONOMI MASYARAKAT LOKAL DI KERESIDENAN JEPARA 1830-1900

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    Alamsyah Alamsyah

    2013-01-01

    adanya ekonomi alternatif penduduk. Kata kunci: kreativitas ekonomi, masyarakat lokal, karesidenan Jepara

  12. Lokal Agenda 21 – udfordring for de grønne forvaltninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guldager, Susanne

    2004-01-01

    Lokal Agenda 21 forpligter kommuner til at arbejde for en bæredygtig udvikling i lokalområdet. Denne forpligtigelse omfatter også de grønne forvaltninger, og giver forvaltningerne mulighed for at tænke strategisk både på nationalt og globalt plan i forhold til de beslutninger og handlinger, der...

  13. Solarbundesliga (Solar League) and SolarLokal. Competition and campaign for communities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vollmer, C. [Deutsche Umwelthilfe e.V., Radolfzell (Germany)

    2006-07-01

    Summary: Currently more solar power plants are built in Germany than ever before. Citizens, farmers, companies, initiatives and local authorities are participating. Solarbundesliga (Solar League), launched in April 2001, offers a forum for these solar minded actors. It ensures that the local commitment of these actors is known all over Germany and in doing so awakens the competitive drive in many people. The Solarbundesliga is organised by Deutsche Umwelthilfe and the specialist journal Solarthemen. It is a very good instrument to show the outcome of the solar energy supply at the local level in media friendly means. The image campaign SolarLokal of the Deutsche Umwelthilfe and SolarWorld, one of the biggest solar companies worldwide, is a very good approach for municipalities to inform their citizens about the benefits of solar energy. According to a recent opinion poll, SolarLokal contributes to an increase in solar current plants in the participating cities and towns. Additionally, it brings craftspeople having experience in installing solar power plants and interested citizens together. So, SolarLokal provides incentives to the local economy. The idea of SolarLokal is transferable to other countries. In January 2006 the partner campaign IsIaSolar was started in Teneriffa. (orig.)

  14. 0,5 x global + 0,5 x lokal = glokal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hollensen, Svend; Schimmelpfennig, Christian

    2014-01-01

    Bei der Markteinführung neuer Produkte stehen viele CMOs vor der Entscheidung, eine globale vs. lokale Marketingstrategie zu fahren. Während erstere Verbundeffekte – sogenannte Economies of Scope – nutzen und damit das Marketingbudget schonen, verspricht letztere größere Markterfolge durch die be...

  15. KREATIVITAS GURU BIOLOGI DALAM MEMETAKAN KOMODITAS HAYATI UNGGULAN LOKAL KE DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI SMA

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    Asep Agus Sulaeman

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kreativitas guru Biologi SMA dalam memetakan topik-topik dari berbagai aspek komoditas hayati unggulan lokal melalui penggunaan metode mind map dan mengetahui kemampuan guru dalam memetakan topik-topik komoditas hayati unggulan lokal ke dalam pembelajaran Biologi di SMA. Analisis data kreativitas guru Biologi SMA dilakukan secara deskriptif kuantitatif terhadap mind map dengan menggunakan kriteria sesuai instrumen yang dikembangkan. Adapun analisis data tentang jumlah topik-topik Biologi dan jenis kegiatan pembelajaran berbasis komoditas hayati unggulan lokal dilakukan secara deskriptif kuantatif dan kualitatif. Hasil kajian ini menunjukkan nilai aspek-aspek kreativitas guru Biologi yang tinggi, yaitu kemampuan berpikir asli (91,67, peka terhadap masalah (91,67, kemampuan berpikir lancar (90, kemampuan berpikir luwes (88,33, dan kemampuan berpikir terperinci (86,67. Berdasarkan hasil pemetaan yang dilakukan guru, dapat diidentifikasi 15 topik Biologi SMA yang berkaitan dengan komoditas hayati unggulan lokal di Kabupaten Majalengka. Adapun kegiatan pembelajaran berbasis komoditas hayati unggulan yang diusulkan oleh guru tersebar di masing-masing tingkatan kelas dan semesternya dengan jumlah yang berbeda-beda.

  16. Penentuan Tipologi Pengembangan Industri Batik dalam Upaya Pengembangan Ekonomi Lokal di Kabupaten Pamekasan

    OpenAIRE

    Aluf, Wilda Al; Santoso, Eko Budi

    2015-01-01

    Abstrak—Industri batik merupakan potensi lokal Kabupaten Pamekasan yang dapat menjadi penggerak perekonomian untuk mengurangi kemiskinan di Kabupaten Pamekasan memiliki permasalahan pada aspek sistem produksi, infrastruktur dan kelembagaan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menentukan tipologi industri batik di Kabupaten Pamekasan. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap perkembangan industri batik berda...

  17. Onderhorigheid en separatisme, koloniaal bestuur en lokale politiek op Aruba, 1816-1955

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alofs, Lucas J.

    2011-01-01

    Dit boek beschrijft het koloniaal bestuur en de lokale politieke op Aruba tussen 1816 en 1955. Deel één beschrijft de Arubaanse ervaring met koloniaal bestuur tot 1922. Aruba was onderhorig aan het bestuur op Curaçao, waar de gouverneur de spil in het bestuur was. De Koloniale Raad had weinig

  18. PENGARUH PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI DAN MODERNISASI SISTEM ADMINISTRASI PERPAJAKAN TERHADAP KEPATUHAN WAJIB PAJAK ORANG PRIBADI

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    Titik Aryati

    2016-12-01

    Keywords: the utilization of technology; modernization of tax administration system; personal taxpayers compliance. Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dampak pemanfaatan teknologi dan modernisasi sistem administrasi perpajakan terhadap kepatuhan wajib pajak pribadi. Variabel independen dalam penelitian ini adalah sistem administrasi perpajakan modern, peraturan pemerintah yang mendukung pemanfaatan teknologi informasi, modernisasi struktur organisasi, modernisasi strategi organisasi, peningkatan sumber daya manusia, good governance, dan whistleblowing system, sedangkan variabel dependennya adalah kepatuhan wajib pajak pribadi. Penelitian ini menggunakan data primer, dengan memberikan kuesioner kepada responden secara online kepada Wajib Pajak orang pribadi dan diisi oleh 180 responden. Metode pengambilan sampel dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode convenience sampling. Analisis data menggunakan analisis regresi linier berganda. Secara parsial, hasil analisis dan hipotesis menunjukkan bahwa variabel sistem administrasi perpajakan modern, modernisasi strategi organisasi, tata pemerintahan yang baik dan sistem whistleblowing berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kepatuhan wajib pajak pribadi, sedangkan variabel lainnya adalah: peraturan pemerintah, modernisasi struktur organisasi, dan Juga peningkatan sumber daya manusia tidak berdampak terhadap kepatuhan wajib pajak pribadi. Kata Kunci: Pemanfaatan teknolog;  modernisasi sistem administrasi perpajakan; Kepatuhan wajib pajak pribadi.

  19. PEMANFAATAN HUTAN MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI TERINTEGRASI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS DAN SIKAP ILMIAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurmaliahayati S.Pd.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis peningkatan keterampilan proses sains (KPS dan sikap ilmiah melalui pemanfaatan hutan dalam pembelajaran biologi terintegrasi tipe connected. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode weak experiment dengan desain one group pretest-postest dilaksanakan di SMA Negeri di Krayan Kalimantan Timur kelas X tahun ajaran 2011-2012 Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui pretest dan postest untuk KPS dan sikap ilmiah, lembar observasi aktivitas guru dan siswa untuk menjaring informasi mengenai kegiatan selama pembelajaran berlangsung. Data dianalisis dengan uji perbedaan dua rata-rata, yaitu paired samples T Test dalam program komputer SPSS 16 for windows. Hasilnya terdapat perbedaan signifikan antara skor tes awal dan skor tes akhir KPS dan sikap ilmiah siswa. Rerata N-gain KPS dan sikap ilmiah berturut-turut adalah 0,46 dan 0,35 (sedang. Tingkat presentase keterlibatan siswa pada tiap pertemuan semakin mendekati 100%, artinya hampir semua siswa terlibat aktif dalam melakukan pembelajaran. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat peningkatan KPS dan sikap ilmiah siswa setelah melalui pemanfaatan hutan dalam pembelajaran biologi terintegrasi tipe connected. Kata Kunci : keterampilan proses sains, pemanfaatan hutan, pembelajaran terintegrasi, sikap ilmiah

  20. Kondisi Sanitasi Lingkungan Perumahan dan Kontaminasi Escherichia coli pada Penyajian Makanan Pendamping Air Susu Ibu Lokal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aria Kusuma

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Bayi sangat rentan terhadap penyakit yang disebabkan oleh Makanan Pendamping Air Susu Ibu lokal (MP-ASI lokal. Sampai saat ini belum diketahui keamanan penyajiannya dari kontaminasi mikrobiologi. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui kontaminasi Escherichia coli (E. coli pada penyajian MP-ASI lokal dan mengamati hubungan antara kondisi sanitasi rumah, seperti Sarana Air Bersih (SAB, tempat mencuci peralatan makan bayi, kondisi Saluran Pembuangan Air Limbah (S PAL, kondisi tempat sampah dan keberadaan hewan berkeliaran di dalam rumah terhadap kontaminasi E. coli pada penyajian. Desain penelitian ini adalah potong lintang yang mengamati penyajian MP-ASI lokal bagi bayi usia 6-12 bulan pada 138 rumah. Lokasi penelitian pada 21 Dusun di Kabupaten S olok. Analisis dilakukan untuk mengidentifikasi gambaran kontaminasi E. coli pada penyajian M P-ASI lokal, kondisi faktor sanitasi rumah tangga, mengetahui hubungan antara faktor sanitasi rumah dengan kontaminasi E. coli dan faktor yang paling berhubungan dengan kontaminasi tersebut . Penelitian ini menemukan lebih dari separuh (72,5% MP-ASI lokal yang disajikan terkont aminasi E. coli. Keberadaan hewan yang berkeliaran di dalam rumah memiliki risiko dua kali lebih besar terkontaminasi E. coli pada penyajian MP-ASI lokal bagi bayi usia 6-12 bulan di rumah tangga. Infant is the most vulnerable groupof safer infectious diseases caused by complementary food. Meanwhile complementary food safety was unknown. The study aimed to know Escheriacoli (E. coli contamination in serving complementary food and relationship of house sanitation condition as clean water facilities, places for dishes infant food utensils,domestic wastewater facilities condition, garbage facilities condition and the present of domestic animals in houseto E. coli contaminationin serving. Study design was cross sectional, object of observation were 138 household that serving complementary food for 6-12 month old infants. Location of study was in

  1. Pemanfaatan Teknik Ko-Kristalisasi Untuk Produksi Serbuk Ekstrak Sirsak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Junaidi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Research on application of co-crystallization technique on production of soursop extract powder conducted to diversify soursop product that could be used as industrial commodity. Treatment on this research was influence of: (1 anti-caking magnesium oxide (MO, magnesium carbonate (MC, and magnesium silicate (MS, and (2 storage period (0, 1, 2, and 3 months, on the characteristics of soursop powder quality. The results showed co-crystallization could be applied to produce soursop powder that met the requirements of SNI 01-4320-1996. Based on its quality characteristics, soursop powder oursop powder MC resulted a better quality compared to s MO and s MS. MC had a quality characteristics: oursop powder Soursop powder water content 1.89%, pH 4.17, sugar content 83.75%, vitamin C 42.7  total soluble solids 98.1%, TPC mg/100g, 55 colonies/g, soursop powder until coliform < 3 MPN, and contain no mold and yeast. Storage of 3 months increased water content, pH, and TPC, and contrarily decreased sugar content, vitamin C  total soluble solids.  Based on the quality characteristics, soursop powder that , and was stored for 3 months still met the SNI 01-4320-1996 requirements.ABSTRAK Penelitian pemanfaatan teknik ko-kristalisasi untuk produksi serbuk ekstrak sirsak dilakukan untuk diversifikasi produk olahan buah sirsak yang dapat dijadikan komoditas industri. Perlakuan yang diamati meliputi pengaruh: (1 penggunaan jenis anti-kempal magnesium oksida (MO, magnesium karbonat (MC, dan magnesium silikat (MS dan (2 masa simpan (0, 1, 2, dan 3 bulan terhadap karakteristik mutu serbuk sirsak. Hasil penelitian menunjuk-kan bahwa teknik ko-kristalisasi dapat dimanfaatkan untuk menghasilkan serbuk sirsak yang memenuhi persyaratan mutu SNI 01-4320-1996. Berdasarkan karakteristik mutunya, serbuk sirsak MC memberikan hasil yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan serbuk sirsak MS dan serbuk sirsak MO.  Serbuk sirsak MC memiliki karakteristik mutu: kadar air 1,89%, pH 4

  2. PENDIDIKAN ISLAMI DALAM NILAI-NILAI KEARIFAN LOKAL DIDONG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliyyil Akbar

    2015-08-01

    رثت من الاجداد ويعيثون مخّ تربية الاسلام كوسيلة فنّ الغناء الإقْليمي وبذلك المهم جداً، طلب حلّ المشكلة إتخد موقفا ايجابياً في تلك المسئلة. فنّ الغناء الإقليمي تملك عنصر الجمال، الدين والوحدة "موكميل، ترتيب، ستيّي، سماياع كماسيه، موتنتو، امنة، كناف مفاكة، الاع تولوغ، برسيككميلين". قيم الإسلامي من فن الغناء الإقليمي لا تخلوْ من العادة والشريعة ويمتصّها مجتمع وبذلك صفة التسامح التي قد بنيت جعلت الأمن والمخّ الإسلامي كمنطقة منفذة شريعة الإسلامي.Abstrak: Terancamnya identitas bangsa Indonesia yang bersemboyan Bhinneka Tunggal Ika dengan munculnya konflik antar suku, agama, ras, kekerasan yang menjadi ajang perpecahan persatuan bangsa ini. Peristiwa tersebut tercipta karena pudarnya sikap toleran yang termanifestasikan dalam Islam yang rahmatan lil ‘alamin dan tidak mengindahkan kearifan yang sudah terbina. Di tengah maraknya perpecahan tersebut, daerah dataran tinggi Gayo yang merupakan daerah penegak syari’at Islam yang didiami oleh berbagai suku mampu menetralisir keadaan dengan mempertahankan nilai yang arif dari peninggalan leluhur  dan menghidupkan suasana pendidikan Islami menggunakan sarana atau media seni Didong. Oleh karena itu, pentingnya solusi untuk menyikapi suatu perbedaan yang rentan menimbulkan konflik dengan menjunjung kearifan lokal. Nilai seni Didong berunsur keindahan, religius dan kebersamaan yang tertransformasi dari pesan kebijaksanan lokal, yaitu mukemel, tertib, setie, semayang-gemasih, mutentu, amanah, genap-mupakat, alang-tulung, dan bersikekemelen. Pendidikan Islami dari pertunjukan Didong tidak lepas dari adat, syari’at, dan lebih bisa diserap oleh masyarakat dengan begitu sifat

  3. PENERAPAN PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI BERBASIS SAINS LOKAL MELALUI BUDAYA PARAJI TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA POKOK BAHASAN SISTEM REPRODUKSI KELAS XI DI SMA NEGERI 1 JATIWANGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nani Karnia

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Pembelajaran berbasis sains lokal (budaya lokal adalah suatu bentuk pembelajaran yang memadukan sekolah dengan budaya masyarakat. Penerapan pembelajaran sains berbasis budaya atau pembelajaran berbasis sains lokal melalui budaya dapat membuat siswa lebih mandiri dan memberikan peluang siswa untuk lebih mengeksplor kemampuannya sendiri baik itu pengetahuan awal maupun keyakinannya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini, yaitu mengetahui : 1 seberapa besar perbandingan peningkatan hasil belajar siswa yang menerapkan pembelajaran berbasis sains lokal melalui budaya paraji dengan pembelajaran secara konvensional, 2 perbedaan peningkatan hasil belajar siswa yang menerapkan pembelajaran berbasis sains lokal melalui budaya paraji dengan yang secara konvensional, dan 3  respon siswa terhadap pembelajaran berbasis sains lokal melalui budaya paraji pada materi pokok bahasan sistem reproduksi. Pendekatan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui tes, angket, dan dokumentasi. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa SMA Negeri 1 Jatiwangi kelas XI IPA 1 berjumlah 40 siswa dengan pembelajaran berbasis sains lokal melalui budaya paraji dan kelas XI IPA 4 berjumlah 40 siswa dengan pembelajaran konvensional. Analisis data dilakukan dengan uji normalitas, homogenitas, uji t uji One Way Anova dan uji Tukey. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan hasil belajar siswa kelas eksperimen (912,03% lebih besar dibandingkan kelas kontrol (9,78%. Rata-rata N-Gain kelas eksperimen (0,56 lebih besar daripada kelas kontrol (0,43. Berdasarkan hasil uji t diperoleh nilai sig. 0,000<0.05 artinya terdapat perbedaan peningkatan hasil belajar yang signifikan antara siswa yang menggunakan pembelajaran berbasis sains lokal dengan pembelajaran konvensional. Hasil uji One Way Anova dengan sig.(0,291 > 0,05 artinya tidak terdapat perbedaan rata-rata nilai tes antar kelompok, dan uji Tukey menunjukkan pembelajaran berbasis sains lokal cocok

  4. Faktor Penentu Pengembangan Industri Pengolahan Perikanan Di Kabupaten Sidoarjo melalui Pengembangan Ekonomi Lokal

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    Sayyidatu Ulish Shofa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Wilayah bagian timur Kabupaten Sidoarjo memiliki potensi pengembangan sub sektor perikanan, khususnya Kecamatan Candi, Sedati, Sidoarjo, Buduran, Jabon, dan Waru. Potensi tersebut belum didukung pengembangan industri pengolahan perikanan secara optimal sehingga belum dapat memberikan kesejahteraan bagi masyarakat. Industri pengolahan perikanan masih bersifat sederhana, marketshare terbatas, dan belum ada kemitraan usaha. Pendekatan pengembangan ekonomi lokal menjadi bentuk pengembangan yang cocok dalam permasalahan industri pengolahan perikanan di Kabupaten Sidoarjo. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merumuskan arahan pengembangan industri pengolahan perikanan di Kabupaten Sidoarjo melalui pengembangan ekonomi lokal. Pada penelitian ini akan dibahas mengenai faktor penentu pengembangan industri melalui teknik analisis konten dan CFA (Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat 6 faktor penentu pengembangan industri pengolahan perikanan, yaitu sumberdaya, kelembagaan, ekonomi, pasar dan pemasaran, transportasi, serta sarana dan prasarana pendukung pengolahan perikanan.

  5. WACANA TEMBANG MACAPAT SEBAGAI PENGUNGKAP SISTEM KOGNISI DAN KEARIFAN LOKAL ETNIK JAWA

    OpenAIRE

    Dwi Bambang Putut Setiyadi

    2010-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui struktur dan karakteristik wacana tembang macapat Tripama, Wulangreh, and Kalatidha, sasmita, dan sistem kognisi, serta kearifan lokal etnik Jawa. Objek penelitian yang berupa wacana tembang macapat disediakan dengan teknik pustaka, simak, dan catat. Analisis data menggunakan metode analisis wacana. Hasil penelitian: (1) Strktur wacana macapat Tripama, Wulangreh, and Kalatidha disusun dalam pola purwa wacana, madya wacana, dan wasana wacana. Ketiga...

  6. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN TAMAN WISATA LEMBAH HARAU-SUMATERA BARAT BERBASIS KEARIFAN LOKAL: TUNGKU TIGO SAJARANGAN

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    Iis Ismawati

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi potensi pembangunan  agrowisata  sebagai diversifikasi obyek wisata di Taman Wisata Lembah Harau  berbasis  kearifan lokal dan  menyusun strategi pengembangan Taman Wisata Lembah Harau melalui pendekatan kearifan lokal dengan analisis SWOT. Metode penelitian menggunakan survey, wawancara dan studi literatur.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa : (1 Pembangunan agrowisata berpotensi untuk dikembangkan di luar areal obyek wisata Lembah Harau yaitu di Nagari Tarantang, Harau dan Solok Bio-Bio Kawasan Lembah Harau berpotensi untuk dikembangkan menjadi kawasan agrowisata dan dinilai sesuai dengan kebutuhan pengunjung, 2 . Filosofi Tungku Tigo Sajarangan merupakan potensi kearifan lokal yang dapat dijadikan model kepemimpinan untuk mengatasi konflik kepentingan pengelolaan Taman Wisata Lembah Harau dan 3. Strategi pengembangan yang dapat dilakukan adalah mengembangkan atraksi dan obyek wisata baru berbasis budaya dan kearifan lokal yang lebih banyak melibatkan pihak masyarakat disertai dengan kegiatan pemasaran dan promosi berbasis IT.DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF LEMBAH HARAU GARDEN TOURISM BASED ON LOCAL WISDOM: TUNGKU TIGO SAJARANGANABSTRACTThe purposes of this study are 1   identification of potential cultural and local knowledge that supports the development of Lembah Harau Garden Tourism (LHGT  , 2  to arrange management strategy of LHGT through local wisdom approach  with a SWOT analysis. The research method uses surveys, interviews and study of literature.  The results suggest that 1 Harau Valley region has a diverse cultural and historical potential that can be developed to enrich the tourist attraction in LHGT, 2  philosophy of Tungku Tigo Sajarangan is a potential local wisdom that can be used as a model of leadership to resolve conflicts of interest LHGT  management and 3. The development strategy of LHGT is to develop new tourist attractions and object-based culture and local wisdom

  7. EVALUASI PEMANFAATAN JURNAL DALAM DATABASE "EBSCO BIOMEDICAL REFERENCE COLLECTION" DI UNIT PERPUSTAKAAN DAN INFORMATIKA KEDOKTERAN (UPIK FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UGM YOGYAKARTA

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    Eka Wardhani S.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Evaluasi terhadap pemanfaatan koleksi sangat diperlukan untuk mengetahui seberapa besar koleksi tersebut diakses dan dimanfaatkan oleh pengguna. Ebsco Biomedical Reference Collection (Ebsco BRC merupakan salah satu database jurnal yang berparadigma akses. Evaluasi pemanfaatan jurnal dalam database Ebsco BRC merupakan penelitian tentang pemanfaatan koleksi perpustakaan yang dilakukan di UPIK (Unit Perpustakaan dan Informatika Kedokteran Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat keterpakaian dan pemanfaatan jumal oleh sivitas akademika di FK UGM. Evaluasi dilakukan dengan metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan data kuantitatif dan kualitatif. . Instrumen yang digunakan dalam evaluasi adalah kuesioner dan usage statistics report. Hasil Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tingkat keterpakaian jurnal berdasarkan judul yang ada tinggi (97,96%, akan tetapi tingkat pengaksesannya belum dilakukan secara maksimal. Rata-rata pengaksesan jurnal setiap harinya 25%. Dari data usage statistics report dapat diketahui sebanyak 12 judul jumal yang diakses lebih dari 1000 kali yang dinyatakan sebagai jumal yang paling sering diakses oleh pengguna. Saran peneliti berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang diperoleh adalah bahwa kegiatan melanggan koleksi database Ebsco dapat terus dilakukan , akan tetapi UPIK harus berusaha meningkatkan sosialisasi koleksi, aksesibilitas, fasilitas, dan bimbingan bagi pengguna dalam melakukan penelusuran dalam database tersebut agar dapat dimanfaatkan secara maksimal. Kata Kunci: Evaluasi Koleksi, Ebsco

  8. Pengembangan Ekonomi Lokal di Kawasan Perikanan Berdasarkan Preferensi Masyarakat Nelayan Nambangan Kedung Cowek

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    Rheza Firmantyo Pramono

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Wilayah nambangan memiliki prosentase 40% sebagai nelayan menggantungkan dengan kondisi pesisir, mengindikasikan bahwa wilayah nambangan memiliki potensi pesisir yang cukup besar. Namun masih mempunyai beberapa keterbatasan yang perlu diperhatikan seperti SDA, SDM, Pendanaan, Prasarana Sarana, Kelembagaan, dan teknologi di kawasan pesisir Nambangan Kedung Cowek. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk merumuskan arahan pengembangan ekonomi lokal wilayah nambangan berdasarkan preferensi masyarakat. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Analisis pertama penentuan faktor kurang berkembangnya ekonomi lokal menggunakan teknik delphi, selanjutnya menentukan preferensi masyarakat dan faktor prioritas menggunakan teknik servqual. Melalui metode servqual ditemukan banyak faktor prioritas yang harus dikembangkan yaitu SDA, SDM , Pendanaan, Prasarana Sarana, Kelembagaan, Teknologi, dan Pemasaran. Selanjutnya menentukan arahan pengembangan ekonomi lokal beradasakan faktor prioritas menggunakan teknik triangulasi berdasarkan tujuh faktor priortas dengan menggabungkan studi literatur, studi kasus wilayah lain dan temuan fakta emipiri di lapangan. Hasil akhir berupa peningkatan prasarana sarana berupa penataan lingkungan sempadan pantai, pengelolahan limbah, peningkatan sumberdaya manusia berupa pelatihan mutu pendidikan dan wawasan ekonomi. Selanjutnya peningkatan upaya pemasaran dengan membangun mina store dan peningkatan fasilitas alat tangkap.

  9. PEMANFAATAN TEPUNG SINGKONG SEBAGAI SUBSTITUSI TERIGU UNTUK VARIASI CAKE

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    Risa Panti Ariani

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Tujuan penelitian ini untuk memperoleh variasi cake dari tepung singkong dengan mensubstitusi terigu. Karena terigu merupakan produk impor olahan dari gandum, sebagai usaha mendukung peningkatan ketahanan pangan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian eksperimental semu di laboratorium karena keterbatasan untuk mengontrol semua variabel yang relevan. Instrumen pengumpulan data menggunakan lembar observasi untuk memperoleh data uji kualitas dari panelis terlatih, sedangkan data uji selera diperoleh dari masyarakat umum untuk mengetahui keberterimaan variasi cake singkong. Analisis data penelitian dilakukan secara deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian memperoleh kualitas cake singkong pada kriteria yang sempurna pada, (a pound cake dengan substitusi 80% bahan utama, (b roll cake dengan substitusi 100% bahan utama, tetapi kualitas tekstur terendah, (c chiffon cake dengan substitusi 100% bahan utama, serta pengembangan (volume maksimal, (d bolu kukus dengan substitusi 80% bahan utama, tetapi kualitas aroma terendah, (e sponge cake dengan substitusi 80% bahan utama, tetapi semua kriteria terendah, (f brownies dengan substitusi 100% bahan utama, serta semua kriteria tertinggi, (g fruit cake menggunakan buah-buahan lokal dengan substitusi 100% bahan utama, serta semua kriteria tertinggi, dan (g rainbow cake dengan substitusi 100% bahan utama, tetapi kualitas tekstur terendah. Secara umum keberterimaan masyarakat sangat menyukai variasi cake singkong, tetapi sponge cake dan rainbow cake memperoleh keberterimaan terendah. Dengan demikian 8 jenis cake dapat menggunakan tepung singkong sebagai substitusi terigu untuk mendukung peningkatan ketahanan pangan. Kata kunci: tepung singkong, variasi cake, substitusi terigu Abstract The purpose of this study to obtain a cake variation of substituting wheat with cassava flour. Because wheat is imported products processed from wheat, in an effort to support increased food security. This study uses a

  10. Pemanfaatan Limbah Biomassa Cangkang Kakao Dan Kemiri Sebagai Bahan Bakar Briket (Utilization of Biomass Wastes From Cocoa and Candlenut Shells as Fuel Briquette)

    OpenAIRE

    Saptoadi, Harwin; Syamsiro, Moch; Tambunan, Bisrul Hapis

    2007-01-01

    ABSTRAK  Biomassa adalah sumber energi utama jutaan manusia di dunia, akan tetapi penggunaannya menurun ketika batubara, minyak dan gas tersedia cukup melirnpah. Namun akhir-akhir ini perhatian muncul kembali karena terjadinya krisis energi dan isu-isu lingkungan. Pemanfaatan biomassa untuk menggantikan bahan bakar fosil dapat menurunkan persoalan emisi CO2 global. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji alternatif sumber energi terbarukan dengan pemanfaatan limbah biomassa cangkang kakao...

  11. Pendugaan tingkat pemanfaatan ikan cakalang (Katsuwonus pelamis di Perairan Prigi, Jawa Timur

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    Agus Setiyawan

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Skipjack fishing activity in Prigi waters mostly used purse seine and troll line. The aims of the research was to determinate the utilization rate of skipjack. Catch per Unit Effort (CPUE, Maximun Sustainable Yield (MSY, and IMP were calculated from primary data of ship log book and secondary data were the statistic report of PPN Prigi from year 2000 - 2011. The research was conducted frm Februari to Nopember 2013.  The result showed that fishing season occurred on June to July and from September to November, where the peak season at September with Effort value (EMSY  was 245 trip/year and number of catch sustainable (hMSY was 1.219 ton/year. The highest Estimation of Utilization rate (196.98% was occurred on 2002, while the lowest (73.54% was recorded on 2011. In addition the average value was 106% indicate the overfishing, therefore it is crucial to plan the sustainable fisheries management in relation to protect the skipjack fishery in Prigi waters. Keywords: Utilization Rate; Skipjack; Prigi Waters   Abstrak. Kegiatan penangkapan ikan Cakalang (Katsuwonus pelamis di Perairan Prigi, sebagian besar menggunakan alat tangkap pukat cincin dan pancing tonda.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui tingkat pemanfaatan ikan cakalang. Nilai Catch per Unit Effort (CPUE, Maximum Sustainable Fisheries (MSY, dan Indeks Musim Penangkapan didapatkan dari data primer berupa log book kapal dan data sekunder berupa data statistik Pelabuhan Perikanan Nusantara Prigi dari tahun 2000 - 2011. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Februari – Nopember tahun 2012. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa Pola Musim Penangkapan terjadi pada bulan Juni – Juli dan September – Nopember, musim puncak penangkapan terjadi pada bulan September dengan nilai effort lestari (EMSY sebesar 245 trip/tahun dan total hasil tangkapan lestari (hMSY sebesar 1.219 ton/tahun. Hasil pendugaan terhadap tingkat pemanfaatan menunjukkan hasil tertinggi dengan nilai sebesar 196

  12. Studi atas Pemanfaatan Blockchain bagi Internet of Things (IoT

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    Lathifah Arief

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Ekosistem Internet of Things (IoT berkembang dengan sangat cepat dan diperkirakan akan menghubungkan 5-20 miliar perangkat pada tahun 2020. Data yang dihimpun dari perangkat ini akan mencapai jumlah yang sangat besar. Saat ini, ekosistem IoT pada umumnya menggunakan model sistem terpusat. Model tersebut memiliki beberapa kelemahan, seperti biaya pemeliharaan yang relatif tinggi, Sistem terdistribusi dapat menjadi alternatif solusi. Blockchain, teknologi ledger terditribusi, memungkinkan transaksi peer-to-peer tanpa perlu adanya perantara pihak ketiga yang terpercaya. Paper ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi potensi pengintegrasian Blockchain ke dalam ekosistem IoT. Hasil penelitian berupa model dan use-case pemanfaatan Blockchain dalam IoT.

  13. Pemanfaatan Rumah Tunggu Kelahiran di Puskesmas Adaut Kecamatan Selaru Kabupaten Maluku Tenggara Barat Tahun 2015

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    Noor Edi Widya Sukoco

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstractMaternal and infant mortality rate in Indonesia remain high and Indonesia faces health service disparitiesacross districts. Maternity waiting homes as an innovation to get mothers closer to health facilities.This study aimed to analyze factors related to the utilization of maternity waiting homes in Adaut healthcentre of Selaru Sub District, Maluku Tenggara Barat. A total of 87 mothers were used for the analysis.This study was a cross sectional method. Cross tabulation and chi-square were used for analysis withsignificance level of 5% and confidence interval of 95%. Our analysis shows that only 18.7 percent ofmothers utilize maternity waiting homes. Bivariate analysis shows that distance and time to travel areassociated with utilization of maternity waiting homes. Mothers had traveling time >60 minutes had0.19-fold lower odds to utilize maternity waiting homes compared to mothers who had traveling timeof 30-60 minutes. Furthermore, mothers live within 25 km are 16 tims higher odds to utilized maternitywaiting homes. Therefore, it is important to consider distance and traveling times in order to increase theutilization of maternity waiting homes.Keywords: maternity waiting homes, utilization, travel time, distanceAbstrakAngka kematian ibu dan bayi di Indonesia masih cukup tinggi, selain itu Indonesia masih menghadapikesenjangan antar wilayah dalam akses pelayanan kesehatan. Rumah tunggu kelahiran (RTK merupakansalah satu upaya dalam mendekatkan akses ibu hamil dan bersalin ke pelayanan kesehatan. Studi inibertujuan untuk memperoleh gambaran pemanfaatan rumah tunggu kelahiran di Puskesmas AdautKecamatan Selaru, Kabupaten Maluku Tenggara Barat. Besar sampel yang dianalisis dalam penelitianini adalah 87 ibu yang pernah melahirkan di Puskesmas Adaut Kecamatan Selaru dalam periode tahun2009-2015. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode potong lintang (cross sectional. Metode analisis yangdigunakan adalah tabulasi silang dan chi-square dengan tingkat

  14. PENGARUH PEMANFAATAN LABORATORIUM TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PROGRAM KEAHLIAN ADMINISTRASI PERKANTORAN DI SMK

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    Pipit Meillani

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemanfaatan laboratorium terhadap hasil belajar siswa pada kompetensi dasar “mengimplementasikan dan memelihara sistem kearsipan” program keahlian administrasi perkantoran di SMK Negeri 1 Cepu tahun ajaran 2015/2016. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas XI jurusan administrasi perkantoran di SMK Negeri 1 Cepu yang berjumlah 63 orang. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan observasi, wawancara, kuesioner (angket, dan dokumentasi. Metode analisis data menggunakan deskriptif persentase dan regresi linier sederhana. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persamaan regresi linier sederhana adalah Y = 41,059 + 0,662X. besarnya pengaruh pemanfaatan laboratorium terhadap hasil belajar siswa sebesar 26,3%. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the use of laboratory competence of student learning outcomes on the basis of "implementing and maintaining filing systems' expertise office administration program at SMK Negeri 1 Cepu academic year 2015/2016. The population in this study were all students of class XI administration department office at SMK Negeri 1 Cepu totaling 63 people. Methods of data collection using observation, interviews, questionnaires (questionnaire, and documentation. Methods of data analysis using descriptive percentages and simple linear regression. The results showed that the simple linear regression equation is Y = 41.059 + 0,662X. the effect of the use of the laboratory to the learning outcomes of students 26.3%.

  15. PENGARUH MANAJEMEN PEMBERIAN PAKAN TERHADAP PEMANFAATAN BIOFLOK UNTUK PERTUMBUHAN IKAN BANDENG

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    Usman Usman

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Upaya konversi limbah budidaya ikan menjadi bioflok mulai banyak dilakukan oleh pembudidaya untuk memperbaiki kualitas air dan menekan biaya pakan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pemanfaatan bioflok sebagai makanan ikan bandeng melalui pengaturan dosis pemberian pakan. Perlakuan yang dicobakan adalah ikan uji dipelihara dengan: (A bioflok tanpa diberi pemberian pakan buatan, (B bioflok + pakan buatan sebanyak 2,5% per hari, (C bioflok + pakan buatan sebanyak 5% perhari, (D pemberian pakan buatan sebanyak 5%/hari tanpa bioflok. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ikan bandeng ukuran awal rata-rata 1,6 g yang hanya diberi bioflok dapat tumbuh dengan laju pertumbuhan 1,82%/hari, namun laju pertumbuhan ini masih lebih rendah dibandingkan yang diberi pakan buatan 5%/hari yaitu 2,01%/hari. Tanpa memperhitungkan jumlah pemberian molase, ikan yang diberi pakan buatan sebanyak 2,5%/hari dalam media bioflok, dapat meningkatkan efisiensi pakan sebanyak 58,5% dan efisiensi pemanfaatan protein sebanyak 59,2%. Kandungan TAN, nitrit dan oksigen terlarut dalam media budidaya cukup baik bagi pertumbuhan ikan bandeng.

  16. Pemanfaatan kulit skrotom sapi sebagai bahan baku industri barang kuli

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    Muchtar Lutfi

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research was to make use of cow scrotum hides to be raw material in leathergood manufacturing. Forty five pieces of scrotum hides were tanned to crust leather using subsequently 6%, 8% and 10% mineral tanning agent; 15%, 20% and 25% vegetable tanning agent; 15%, 20% and 25% synthetic tanning agent. The physical test results indicated that scrotum cow hides were able to be made use as raw material in leathergood manufacturing. The best tensile strength value was achieved by those tanned with mineral tanning agent 10% (175,33 kg/cm2 and the best elongation at break was achieved by those tanned with synthetic tanning agent 15% (41,00%. Where as by using vegetable tanning agent, no single sample fulfilled the requirements of SNI. 06-0253-1989, Quality and Testing method for Glaced Kid Leather.

  17. PENGEMBANGAN DESA WISATA RUMAH DOME BERBASIS AGROINDUSTRI PANGAN LOKAL (Kajian Diversifikasi Ketela Pohon di Desa Wisata Rumah Dome Prambanan

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    Susi Wuri Ani

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Pangan merupakan kebutuhan utama dalam kehidupan manusia. Pemenuhan kebutuhan pangan baik dari segi jumlah, mutu, gizi maupun keamanan berkaitan dengan Sumberdaya Manusia (SDM. Kualitas konsumsi pangan dan gizi masyarakat menentukan SDM masyarakat tersebut. Agroindustri pangan lokal merupakan kegiatan yang memberdayakan sumberdaya lokal (indigenous resources. Seluruh potensi lokal dimanfaatkan untuk menguatkan agroindustri pangan lokal. Penduduk di kawasan wisata Rumah Dome belum mampu mengolah bahan pangan lokal. Kegiatan ini bertujuan membentuk kelompok usaha produktif Ibu-Ibu PKK di Rumah Dome untuk dapat meningkatkan nilai ekonomis pangan lokal (ketela pohon. Hal yang dilakukan adalah memberikan pelatihan pengolahan ketela pohon menjadi ceriping singkong berbagai rasa, keripik belut daun singkong, membuat brownies berbahan tepung ketela, mengemas produk dengan brand Rumah Dome dan memberikan pelatihan pembukuan sederhana. Dengan kegiatan ini diharapkan akan tumbuh kelompok usaha produktif sehingga dapat mengangkat citra wisata Rumah Dome dan meningkatkan pendapatan masyarakat di Rumah Dome. Abstract Food is a major necessity in human life. Food needs are important for human resource (HR both in terms of quantity and quality. Quality of food consumption and nutrition communities determine the HR community. Local food agroindustry is an activity that empowers local resources (indigenous resources. The whole potential of local food used to strengthen local agroindustry. Residents in the tourist area of Dome House have not been able to process local food. This activity aims to establish productive business of woman group (PKK in Dome House to increase the economic value of local food (cassava. The activities are training for production process, packaging with Dome House’s brand and simple accounting management. The cassava processing training are: (1 making variety flavors of cassava chips; (2 producing eel chips from cassava leaves and (3

  18. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH BERBASIS SITUS SEJARAH LOKAL DI SMA NEGERI KABUPATEN TEMANGGUNG

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    Iin Purnamasari

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Teaching Learning model is the basis for learning practices that are designed based on the analysis of the implementation of the curriculum and its implications at the operational level in the classroom. There is a conceptual framework that describes a systematic procedure of organizing learning experiences to achieve the learning objectives. History study is a combination of learning and teaching activities that studying past events which closely related to the present. It is expected that the use of historical sources including local historical sites in the study of history, can improve the quality of students learning process which can be seen from the motivation and learning achievement. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that (1 The Development of Teaching learning model of history study based on local history sites can improve the quality of learning (2 local historical sites can be used as one of the effective teaching materials.   Key words: learning history, historical sites, high school   Model Belajar Mengajar adalah dasar dalam praksis pembelajaran yang dirancang berdasarkan analisis pelaksanaan kurikulum dan implikasinya pada tingkat operasional di kelas. Ada kerangka konseptual yang menggambarkan prosedur yang sistematis mengorganisir pengalaman belajar untuk mencapai tujuan pembelajaran. Mempelajari sejarah adalah kombinasi dari belajar dan mengajar kegiatan yang mempelajari peristiwa masa lalu yang berkaitan erat dengan saat ini. Diharapkan bahwa penggunaan sumber-sumber sejarah termasuk situs sejarah lokal dalam studi sejarah, dapat meningkatkan kualitas proses belajar siswa yang dapat dilihat dari motivasi dan prestasi belajar. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini, dapat disimpulkan bahwa (1 Pengembangan model pembelajaran studi Pengajaran sejarah berdasarkan situs sejarah lokal dapat meningkatkan kualitas pembelajaran (2 situs sejarah lokal dapat digunakan sebagai salah satu bahan ajar yang efektif. Kata

  19. TeleVisjon : designhåndbok for lokal-TV

    OpenAIRE

    Devold, Morten; Hàng, Kim Erik

    2004-01-01

    NORSK: Prosjektet innebærer profi lering av lokal-TV-kanalen TVNordvest. Sluttproduktet er en designhåndbok med retningslinjer for grafi sk utformelse. Håndboken dekker både TV-sendinger og trykt materiell, og skal benyttes ved grafi sk utforming. ENGELSK: This project is about the branding of the local TV channel TVNordvest. The final product is a design manual with guidelines for creating graphics. The manual covers both TV broadcast and stationary, and should be used w...

  20. Landskab og funktionssammenhænge i regional og lokal udvikling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Jesper

    forvaltning af det lokale eller regionale område, som mennesker bor i. Det viste sig allerede tidligt i Danmarkshistorien med fremkomsten af landskabslovene, der var reguleringsinstrumenter for den konkrete forvaltning i større områder, regioner. En del af disse love handlede om rettigheder og pligter i...... ratificeret. Der ligger mange og lange overvejelser og kompromisser bag dens landskabsbegreb som lyder: ”Landscape” means an area, as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors. Ifg. §2 skal konventionen ‘finde anvendelse for parternes hele...

  1. Pemanfaatan Potensi Limbah Tongkol Jagung Sebagai Syngas Melalui Proses Gasifikasi Di Wilayah Provinsi Gorontalo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siradjuddin Haluti

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Jagung merupakan komoditi unggulan Propinsi Gorontal. Walaupun mengalami fluktuasi produksi jagung ditiap tahuntidak mempengaruhi produksi jagung di Provinsi Gorontalo. Dalam beberapa tahun terakhir kebutuhan jagung makinmeningkat, dengan meningkatnya kebutuhan jagung berdampak pada tingginya produksi limbah tongkol jagung yangdihasilkan provinsi Gorontalo, tentunya ini akan menimbulkan masalah bagi lingkungan. Limbah tongkol jagungmerupakan salah satu sektor yang belum dimanfaatkan di provinsi Gorontalo secara maksimal dalam meningkatkannilai ekonomis, lebih efisien dan efektif penggunaannya. Diantaranya pemanfaatan biomassa tongkol jagung sebagaienergi bahan bakar alternatif. Tujuan yang diangkat dalam peneliitian ini adalah (1 Mengetahui potensi produksi limbahtongkol jagung di wilayah Provinsi Gorontalo sebagai energi alternatif. (2Mengetahui potensi energi alternatif melaluiproses gasifikasi sebagai pemanfaatan dari bahan baku limbah tongkol jagung untuk jadi Gas Syntesis (Syngas.Metode pengumpulan data, pengolahan data dan analisis data. Hasil potensi bahan bakar yang dapat dihasilkan daripemanfaatan limbah tongkol jagung untuk wilayah Provinsi Gorontalo dapat mencapai total rata-rata sebesar 72.931 tonlimbah tongkol jagung. Untuk pemanfaatan limbah tongkol jagung sebagai bahan bakar alternatif melalui prosesgasifikasi menghasilkan syngas sebesar 92.852 ton.Kata kunci: potensi, limbah, tongkol jagung, gsifikasi, energi Abstract: Corn is a commodity Gorontal province. Despite the fluctuations in maize production in each year does not affect maizeproduction in Gorontalo Province. In recent years, corn demand is increasing, with the increasing demand of corncontributes to the high production of waste generated corncob Gorontalo province, this course will cause problems forthe environment. Corncob waste is one sector that is untapped in the province of Gorontalo to the maximum inimproving economic value, more efficient and effective

  2. PENGARUH PEMANFAATAN SOSIAL MEDIA, MOTIVASI DAN PENGETAHUAN TERHADAP MINAT BERWIRAUSAHA PADA MAHASISWA EKONOMI DI UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SIDOARJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Hasym Alfaruk

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh pemanfaan sosial media, motivasi dan pengetahuan terhadap minat berwirausaha pada mahasiswa Ekonomi Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo baik secara parsial maupun simultan. Penelitian yang dilakukan merupakan penelitian kuantitatif. Populasi dalam penelitian ini mahasiswa Ekonomi  angkatan tahun 2009-2010 sampai  sebanyak 650 dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 247 mahasiswa. Metode analisis data menggunakan teknik analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara parsial pemanfaatan sosial media dan motivasi berpengaruh signifikan terhadap minat berwirausaha pada mahasiswa Ekonomi Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo, sedangkan Pengetahuan tidak memiliki pengaruh terhadap minat berwirausaha pada  mahasiswa Ekonomi Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo. Secara simultan pemanfaatan sosial media, motivasi dan pengetahuan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap minat berwirausaha pada mahasiswa Ekonomi Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo.

  3. PERAN MINAT BELAJAR SEBAGAI INTERVENING DALAM PENGARUH LINGKUNGAN KELUARGA DAN PEMANFAATAN PERPUSTAKAAN SEKOLAH TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR AKUNTANSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizki Zaelani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh langsung lingkungan keluarga terhadap prestasi belajar akuntansi perusahaan jasa maupun pengaruh tidak langsung yang melalui minat belajar akuntansi dan menganalisis pengaruh pemanfaatan perpustakaan sekolah terhadap prestasi belajar akuntansi perusahaan jasa maupun pengaruh tidak langsung melalui minat belajar akuntansi. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan dokumentasi dan kuesioner. Sedangkan metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif dan analisis jalur dan sobel tes. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan terdapat pengaruh lingkungan keluarga dan minat belajar akuntansi terhadap prestasi belajar akuntansi perusahaan jasa peserta didik. Terdapat pengaruh lingkungan keluarga dan pemanfaatan perpustakaan sekolah terhadap minat belajar akuntansi peserta didik. Tidak terdapat pengaruh pemanfaatan perpustakaan sekolah terhadap prestasi belajar akuntansi perusahaan jasa peserta didik. Minat belajar akuntansi berperan menjadi variabel intervening pengaruh lingkungan keluarga dan pemanfaatan perpustakaan sekolah terhadap prestasi belajar akuntansi perusahaan jasa peserta didik. The aim in this research are to analyse the influence of family environment directly on learning achievement of accounting service company and indirect influence through interest in accounting learning and to analyze the influence the utilization of school library on learning achievement of accounting service company and indirect influence through interest in acounting learning. The data collecting methode is by using questionnaire and documentation. While the data analysis methode are descriptive analyze, path analyze and sobel test. The result of this research showed there is effect of family environment and interest in accouting learning on learning achievement of accounting service company. There is effect of family environment and utilization of school library toward interest in accounting learning. There is

  4. "Music and Meaning: Duets and Dialogues." http://www.aabenraa-lokal-tv.dk/wp/2010/02/15/3285/

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grund, Cynthia M.; Westney, William; Olsen, Poul

    2010-01-01

    During the week of February 1 - February 22, 2010, ALT-Aabenraa Lokal TV aired "Music and Meaning: Duets and Dialogues" with H.C. Andersen Guest Professorial Fellow William Westney and Cynthia M. Grund, Research Director for The Aesthetics of Music and Sound (AMS). This program includes interview...

  5. PERFORMANS KELINCI LOKAL (Lepus nigricollis YANG DIBERI RANSUM DENGAN KANDUNGAN ENERGI BERBEDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I M. NURIYASA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui performans kelinci jantan lokal (Lepus nigricollis yang diberi ransum dengan kandungan energi termetabolis berbeda. Percobaan dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK dengan empat perlakuan dan empat ulangan. Perlakuan dalam penelitian ini adalah: ransum dengan kandungan energi termetabolis 2200 K.kal/kg (R1, 2500 K.kal/kg (R2, 2800 K.kal/kg (R3 dan 3100 K.kal/kg (R4. Ransum dibuat iso protein dengan kandungan protein kasar 16%. Kelinci yang dipergunakan adalah kelinci jantan lokal lepas sapih dengan umur 4-5 minggu. Variabel yang diamati adalah koefisien cerna bahan kering, efisiensi perubahan GE menjadi DE, berat badan akhir, konsumsi ransum, pertambahan berat badan dan konsumsi air minum. Tidak terjadi perbedaan yang nyata (P>0,05 pada perlakuan ransum terhadap variabel koefisien cerna bahan kering, efisiensi perubahan GE menjadi DE dan konsumsi air minum. Kelinci yang mendapat perlakuan ransum R1 menghasilkan berat badan akhir paling rendah yang berbeda nyata (P0,05 dibandingkan dengan R4. Nilai konversi ransum pada kelinci yang mendapat perlakuan R1 paling tinggi yang berbeda nyata (P<0,05 dibandingkan dengan R2, R3 dan R4. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa ransum dengan kandungan energi termetabolis 2800 K.kal/kg (R3 menghasilkan performans lebih tinggi daripada 2200 K.kal/kg (R1, 2500 K.kal/kg (R2 dan 3100 K.kal/kg (R4.

  6. Kompetisi Surat Kabar Lokal Berdasarkan Tingkat Kepuasan Biro Iklan pada Layanan Jasa Media Surat Kabar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Juni Andi Prasetiya

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Business newspaper has eliciting competition over source life of supporting media industry, i.e. capital, types of content and types of audience. This research explains the newspaper’s competition based on advertiser satisfaction as a benchmark of media effectiveness. Adopting the theory of uses & gratification and using variables of gratification sought and gratification obtained, these studies examine 5 local newspapers in Yogyakarta. The instrument of competitive strategy is using for further analysis, consisting of superiority direction and superiority magnitude measurements. The results showed that advertising agencies haven’t felt the satisfaction of the services provided by the local newspaper. Key words: competition, gratification sought, gratification obtained, superiority direction, superiority magnitude . Abstrak: Bisnis surat kabar telah memunculkan kompetisi yang memperebutkan sumber penunjang hidup industri media, yakni modal, isi media, dan jenis audiens. Penelitian ini menjelaskan kompetisi tersebut berdasarkan kepuasan pengiklan sebagai tolok ukur efektivitas media. Mengadopsi teori uses & gratification dengan menggunakan variabel gratification sought dan gratification obtained, penelitian ini menguji lima surat kabar lokal di Yogyakara. Selanjutnya dianalisis dengan menggunakan instrumen competitive superiority, terdiri dari superiority direction dan superiority magnitude. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa biro iklan belum merasakan kepuasan dari layanan yang diberikan oleh jasa surat kabar lokal.

  7. POTENSI KEARIFAN LOKAL SUKU USING SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR GEOGRAFI SMA DI KABUPATEN BANYUWANGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Rizqon Al Musafiri

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Education is a means to get learners who have a positive character. Local wisdom is a product of the past cultural that should continuously hold onto life. Using ethnic in the village of Kemiren Banyuwangi has a value system that is inherited through several sub-sections such as architecture and art. Using ethnic has  way of life associated with the pattern of settlement and agricultural patterns. The values that appear in the  local wisdom of ethnic Using is religious, environmental care, mutual cooperation, solidarity, equality, creativity, and responsibility. Those values are matched with KI and KD in class X, XI, and XII. Pendidikan merupakan sarana untuk menghasilkan peserta didik yang memiliki karakter positif. Kearifan lokal merupakan produk budaya masa lalu yang patut secara terus-menerus dijadikan pegangan hidup. Suku Using di Desa Kemiren, Kabupaten Banyuwangi memiliki sistem nilai yang diwariskan melalui beberapa sub bagian seperti arsitektur rumah dan kesenian. Tata cara hidup masyarakat Using terkait dengan pola pemukiman dan pola pertanian. Nilai-nilai yang muncul dalam kearifan lokal suku Using adalah religius, mencintai lingkungan, gotong royong, kebersamaan, kesetaraan, kreatif, dan tanggung jawab. Nilai-nilai tersebut cocok dengan KI dan KD pada kelas X, XI,  dan XII.

  8. Pengetahuan Persepsi dan Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pemanfaatan Ruang Berwawasan Lingkungan di Kota Bengkulu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nefa Yulia

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Kebutuhan pemanfaatan ruang di wilayah Kota Bengkulu terus meningkat sejalan dengan meningkatnya aktifitas masyarakat dan kegiatan sosial ekonomi yang menyertainya. Perubahan pemanfaatan ruang seringkali tidak sesuai dengan rencana tata ruang. yang dapat menimbulkan dampak negatif terhadap lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengetahuan. persepsi dan partisipasi masyarakat. Pengumpulan data penelitian menggunakan metode survey. Penentuan sampel digunakan teknik multi stage random sampling. Selanjutnya dipilih sampel masyarakat secara acak (random sampling. Cara penilaian dilakukan dengan memberikan skor pada tiap pertanyaan di kuesioner dan kemudian dianalisa secara deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan masyarakat cenderung sedang yaitu sebesar 56 %. Persepsi masyarakat cenderung sedang yaitu sebesar 62 %. Partisipasi masyarakat cenderung sedang dengan persentase sebesar 50.4%. Semakin tinggi pendidikan. tingkat perekonomian dan peran media massa maka semakin meningkatkan pengetahuan penduduk.Semakin tinggi pengetahuan penduduk maka semakin meningkatkan persepsi dan partisipasi penduduk. Semakin meningkatnya persepsi penduduk maka partisipasi penduduk juga semakin meningkat.   ABSTRACT The need to use space in the city of Bengkulu continued to increase in line with increased activity of the community and social and economic activities that accompany it. Changes in utilization of space is often not in accordance with the spatial plan. which can have negative impacts on the environment. This study aimed to analyze the knowledge. perception and participation. Data collection research using survey method. The samples used multi-stage random sampling technique. The next randomly selected community sample (random sampling. Way assessment is done by giving a score to each question in the questionnaire and then analyzed descriptively qualitative. The results showed that the knowledge society

  9. Ländliche räume in Lateinamerika: globalisierung und lokale reaktionen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Neuburger

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Die ländlichen Räume in Südamerika unterliegen in den letzten Jahrzehnten zunehmenden Globalisierungseinfl üssen, die zu einem tiefgreifenden Strukturwandel geführt haben, der bis heute im Gange ist. Dabei sind nicht nur Veränderungen in den wirtschaftlichen Bereichen zu beobachten. Auch sozio-kulturelle, politische und ökologische Sphären werden restrukturiert. Die damit verbundenen Prozesse erfassen somit praktisch alle Lebensbereiche der ländlichen Bevölkerung, so dass Akteure auf lokaler und regionaler Ebene gezwungen sind, sich neu zu positionieren. Die Reaktionen reichen dabei von der aktiven Anpassung an und Integration in globalisierte Wirkungszusammenhänge bis hin zum Rückzug aus den übergeordneten Kontexten und der Erschließung neuer Handlungsoptionen auf lokaler Ebene. Diese vielfältigen Prozesse in den ländlichen Räumen Südamerikas lassen sich in verschiedene Entwicklungsdynamiken diff erenzieren. Die agro-industrielle Entwicklungsdynamik ist charakterisiert durch eine Landwirtschaft, in der standardisierte Massenprodukte dominieren, die von Billiglohnarbeitern hergestellt werden und für den Massenkonsum vor allem auf globaler Ebene bestimmt sind. In der postproduktivistischen Entwicklungsdynamik fungiert der ländliche Raum hingegen als Konsumraum einer städtischen oder/und globalen Elite, die ihre Freizeit dort gestalten will und ökologische Ausgleichsfl ächen für die „eigene“ degradierte Umwelt benötigt. In der als alternativ bezeichneten Entwicklungsdynamik schließlich dominieren eindeutig die lokal-regionalen Akteure, deren Hauptaugenmerk auf der Überlebenssicherung der lokalen Bevölkerung, auf der Sicherung der ökologischen Ressourcen und auf der Erhaltung der lokalen Gemeinschaft liegt. Diese Entwicklungsdynamiken überlagern sich zeitlich und räumlich. Die vielschichtigen kleinräumigen Diff erenzierungen sind verbunden mit einer entsprechenden Erweiterung der Funktionen der ländlichen R

  10. Narasi Cahaya Kearifan Lokal Dalam Film Sang Pencerah Karya Hanung Bramantyo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Gayatri Puspitasari

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRAK   Narasi merupakan unsur penting dalam film. Urutannya mengandung logika tertentu yang berkaitan dengan makna cerita film. Film dapat dikatakan sebagai narasi yang merep- resentasikan realitas. Namun karena film merupakan gubahan sutradara, maka urutan peris- tiwa itu tentunya sudah dibubuhi pesan atau niatan tertentu sutradara. Dengan mengambil film Sang Pencerah karya Hanung Bramantyo sebagai studi kasus, dilakukan identifikasi pesan dan makna yang termuat di dalam film tersebut. Kajian ini menggunakan metode analisis teks visual naratif dengan teori narasi Genette dan semiotika Peirce sebagai pembantu. Dari hasil analisis struktur narasiditemukan bahwa Sang Pencerah merupakan film alur tiga babak dengan pola linier. Aspek cahaya yang dikorelasikan dengan makna pencerahan, tampak dimanfaat- kan sebagai pengikat rangkaian inti cerita. Melalui analisis berbagai penanda visual selanjutnya ditemukan bahwa gagasan pembaharuan (pencerahan yang diketengahkan sutradara dalam film ini merupakanrasionalitas modernisme Barat versus Ahmad Dahlan. Sebuah rasionalitas yang mengejawantahkan kesantunan dan kearifan lokal sebagai keutuhan jati diri pengimbang kebaharuan.   Kata kunci: narasi, film, cahaya, pesan, modernisme

  11. Highlight report local initiatives. Experiences with electric transport; Highlight report lokale initiatieven. Ervaringen met elektrisch vervoer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-06-15

    In March 2013 Linkingreen and XTNT started a survey on local electric transportation initiatives. The aim is to learn from the experiences, problems and obstacles of business users of electric vehicles: cars, vans or trucks, scooters, boats and special vehicles (e.g. garbage trucks) that are all-electric or plug-in (with plug). In this brief report, the main results are presented [Dutch] In maart 2013 is door Linkingreen en XTNT in opdracht van Agentschap NL een enquete uitgezet naar lokale initiatieven elektrisch vervoer. Doel is te leren wat de ervaringen, knelpunten en belemmeringen zijn van zakelijke gebruikers van elektrisch vervoer: personenauto's, bestel- of vrachtauto's, scooters, vaartuigen en bijzondere voertuigen (vuilniswagens etc.) die volledig elektrische of plug in (met stekker) zijn. In dit korte verslag zijn de belangrijkste resultaten opgenomen.

  12. PENGEMBANGAN MODUL PEMBELAJARAN TEMATIK TERPADU BERBASIS KEARIFAN LOKAL KABUPATEN SUMENEP KELAS IV SUBTEMA LINGKUNGAN TEMPAT TINGGALKU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh. Farid Nurul Anwar

    2017-10-01

    Buku siswa dari pemerintah kurang kontekstual. Oleh karena itu, modul pembelajaran memiliki peran penting sebagai pelengkap kekurangan tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan modul pembelajaran tematik terpadu berbasis kearifan lokal Kabupaten Sumenep kelas IV subtema Lingkungan Tempat Tinggalku yang memiliki kevalidan dan keefektivan. Model pengembangan yang digunakan yaitu Borg & Gall dengan sedikit modifkasi. Hasil uji validasi ahli materi, bahasa dan desain beturut-turut 76,3%, 92,74%, dan 82,80%. Hasil uji lapangan menunjukkan nilai ketuntasan aspek sikap, keterampilan, dan pengetahuan berturut-turut 96,25; 90,27; 89,54. Hasil penelitian dan pengembangan modul pada penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa modul yang dihasilkan memiliki kevalidan dan keefektivan sehingga layak digunakan.

  13. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN PENDIDIKAN MASYARAKAT BERBASIS WISATABUDAYA DENGAN PENDEKATAN KEARIFAN LOKAL DI KAWASAN WADUK GUNUNGRAWA KABUPATEN PATI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erni Suryandari

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkaji pengetahuan serta usaha masyarakat Gunungrawa dalam meningkatkan daya tarik wisata serta mengembangkan strategi pengembangan pendidikan pariwisata berbasis wisatabudaya dengan pendekatan kearifan lokal. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Teknik pengumpul data yang digunakan adalah observasi,wawancara, serta dokumentasi. Alat pengumpul data memakai lembar pedoman wawancara dan  observasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan model analisis interaktif. Data yang dihasilkan  melalui proses verifikasi. Keabsahan  data menggunakan triangulasi dan review informan. Hasil menunjukkan pendidikan masyarakat dapat mengembangkan kepariwisataan  Waduk Gunungrawa. Nilai-nilai luhur  sebagai kearifan lokal harus dipertahankan guna mengurangi dampak negatif. Nilai kejujuran, saling menghormati, kesetiaan, kerja keras adalah modal masyarakat untuk membuka diri dengan perkembangan  wisata di kawasan  Gunungrawa The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge and effort Gunungrawa community in improving tourist attraction as well as developing tourism education development strategy based wisatabudaya with local wisdom approach. This study used a qualitative approach. Data collection techniques used were observation, interviews, and documentation. Data collection tool wear sheet guide the interview and observation. Data were analyzed using an interactive analysis model. Data generated through the verification process. The validity of the data using triangulation and reviews informant. The results show that people can develop tourism education Gunungrawa Reservoir. Noble values as local wisdom must be maintained in order to reduce the negative impact. The value of honesty, mutual respect, loyalty, hard work is the capital community to open up the development of tourism in the region Gunungrawa

  14. Miners' welfare

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buckley, C

    1984-06-13

    The Miners' Welfare Committee (MWC) was formed in Britain in 1921 and initiated building programmes to provide welfare amenities for miners and families, using architecture to improve the quality of a miner's working and leisure time. The article reviews the MWC's work, and assesses the design and architecture at the Selby Coalfield. (7 refs.)

  15. UPAYA MENJADIKAN MALANG KEMBALI SEBAGAI ATRAKSI WISATA BUDAYA DAN SENI GUNA MELESTARIKAN KEBUDAYAAN LOKAL TOPENG MALANGAN UNTUK MENARIK WISATAWAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irwan yulianto

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available � Malang Kembali � merupakan gagasan yang sangat cemerlang disaat��� generasi muda mengalami krisis akan kebudayaan terutama terhadap kesenian lokal Malangan yang mulai terlupakan dan tergeser dengan kesenian modern. Dengan adanya, festival � Malang Kembali� diharapkan tumbuh kesadaran dikalangan generasi muda akan adanya Kekayaan budaya lokal yang perlu dijaga dan dilestarikan keberadaanya, bukan sekedar sebagai kesenangan atau hiburan semata namun juga mengandung nilai jual. Suatu daerah akan terus dikenang oleh wisatawan apabila daerah tersebut memiliki kekayaan budaya yang menarik seperti kekayaan kulinernya, senitari dan ukiran serta souvenir khas yang mengingatkan wisatawan pada tempat tersebut. Malang sebagai salah satu kota tujuan wisata memiliki semua itu. Dari wista kuliner hingga industri makanan ringan keripik tempe yang jadi ciri khas Malang,juga �kesenian Topeng Malangan sampai seni Ludruk semua terangkum dan disajikan di festival �Malang Kembali�.

  16. Local sustainable energy companies. A few visions from the market; Lokale duurzame energiebedrijven. Een aantal visies uit de markt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faasen, E.; Van Ee, M.; Chatelin, M. (eds.)

    2009-10-15

    In local sustainable energy companies it is all about renewable energy initiatives I which the local authorities play an important steering role. In this publication a number of experts from the renewable energy sector have their say. [Dutch] Bij lokale duurzame energiebedrijven gaat het om duurzame energie-initiatieven waarbij de decentrale overheid een belangrijke regisserende rol speelt. In deze publikatie wordt een aantal experts uit de duurzame energiesector aan het woord gelaten.

  17. Paradigmenwechsel in der politischen Ökologie? Zur deutschen Diskussion über die Lokale Agenda 21

    OpenAIRE

    Pettenkofer, Andreas

    2001-01-01

    Der Text berichtet über die in Deutschland geführte sozialwissenschaftliche Diskussion über das umweltpolitische Programm Lokale Agenda 21; er versucht eine vorläufige Rekonstruktion der spezifischen Gestalt der Agenda-Prozesse und ihrer Abweichungen von der westdeutschen Tradition der Politischen Ökologie, und diskutiert die theoretischen Fragen, die sich angesichts dieser neuartigen Phänomene stellen. Dabei geht es vor allem um die Angemessenheit der modernisierungstheoretischen Perspektive...

  18. MANAJEMEN RANTAI PASOK DAN KINERJA AGROINDUSTRI PANGAN LOKAL SAGU DI PROPINSI MALUKU: SUATU PENDEKATAN MODEL PERSAMAAN STRUKTURAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natelda Rosaldiah Timisela

    2014-07-01

    berlangsung baik dan lancar. Hasil analisis terhadap pengukuran indeks struktural statistik seperti indeks pengukuran GFI (0,901, AGFI (0,857, TLI (0,994, CFI (0,995, CMIN/DF (1,022, RMSEA (0,015, probabilitas (0,423 dan nilai χ2 (84,834. Data tersebut berada dalam rentang nilai yang diharapkan memenuhi kriteria. Kata kunci:  Manajemen rantai pasok, kinerja agroindustri, pangan lokal, dan model persamaan struktural

  19. PEMANFAATAN RELAI TUNDA WAKTU DAN KONTAKTOR PADA PANEL HUBUNG BAGI (PHB UNTUK PRAKTEK PENGHASUTAN STARTING MOTOR STAR DELTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gede Siden Sudaryana

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari pemanfaatan relai tunda watu selanjutnya disebut TDR (Time Delay Relay dan kontaktor adalah sebagai salah satu modul pembelajaran mahasiswa di Laboratorium Teknik Tenaga Listrik sebagai pendukung mata kuliah Panel Hubung Bagi (PHB. Selama ini pemahaman yang dimiliki mahasiswa mengenai sistem kerja TDR dan kontaktor belum maksimal, yang menyebabkan mahasiswa belum siap diterjunkan ke lapangan dunia industri, dikarenakan kurangnya modul praktek di Laboratorium. Berdasarkan hal tersebut perlu dirancang dan dibuat suatu alat berupa Modul Praktek sebagai media pembelajaran tentang pengoperasian TDR dan kontaktor. Modul Praktek ini disusun dalam bentuk modul pembelajaran yang berisi uraian materi, tentang operasi sistem kunci rangakaian Otomatisasi Lampu Taman, sistem Direct On Line (DOL, sistem Interlock hidup secara bergantian, Interlock hidup berurutan, Putar balik Motor, penghasutan/starting motor Star-Delta. Pada kesempatan ini akan dibahas tentang pemanfaatan TDR dan Kontaktor dimana komponen-komponen tersebut adalah sebagai rangkaian kontrol yang dipergunakan pada pengendali sistem penghasutan starting motor star-delta. Sistem hidup berurutan saat push button ON ditekan yaitu rangkaian kontaktor K1 dan K2 yang akan menghubungkan rangkaian motor star, sedang rangkaian kontaktor K1 dan K3 yang akan menghubungkan rangkaian motor menjadi delta. Operasi kontaktor K2 dan K3 bekerja secara berurutan/bergantian. Jika push button OFF ditekan maka semua kontaktor akan terputus. Sistem hidup bergantian menggunakan sistem Interlock dimana K2 dan K3 tidak boleh hidup bersamaan, dimana K3 akan mengalami penundaan waktu selama 5 detik setelah K2 bekerja, sedangkan kontaktor K1 tetap bekerja dengan sistem Direct On Line (DOL. Penundaan waktu bekerjanya kontaktor K3 setelah K2 terputus secara automatis, dengan menggunakan komponen TDR (Time Delay Relay. Hasilnya, dengan pemanfaatan TDR pada rangkaian star-delta mahasiswa lebih mengerti cara kerja

  20. Petuah-petuah Leluhur dalam Wérékkada: Salah Satu Pencerminan Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat Bugis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    nfn Mustafa

    2017-11-01

    Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji kearifan-kearifan lokal yang terdapat dalam wérékkada. Wérékkada adalah salah satu bentuk sastra klasik Bugis yang hingga kini masih dihayati oleh masyarakat berlatar belakang bahasa dan budaya Bugis yang berfungsi sebagai alat perekat hubungan antar individu dan sumber hukum serta peraturan yang mampu mengetuk hati, pikiran dan memerintahkan orang untuk berlaku jujur, berperilaku sopan santun, tahu adat istiadat, dan tata krama dalam hidup bermasyarakat. Tulisan ini menggambarkan kearifan lokal budaya Bugis yang hingga kini masih berlaku di dalam masyarakat. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam kajian ini menggunakan dua teori yaitu, pendekatan pragmatik dan sosiologi sastra. Metode dan teknik yang digunakan dalam kajian ini adalah metode deskriptif, yaitu memaparkan sebagaimana adanya. Pengumpulan data, digunakan teknik pencatatan, wawancara, perekaman, dan studi pustaka. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa wérékkada dapat mengandung kearifan lokal tentang kejujuran. Petuah-petuah atau wérékkada berisi landasan pokok dalam menjalin hubungan antar sesama, keteguhan, memberikan gambaran dari tingkah laku sehari-hari seseorang yang memiliki harga diri yang tinggi, tegas, tangguh, setia pada keyakinan, dan taat asas. Sementara itu, sirik ‘malu,’ adalah salah satu pandangan hidup orang Bugis yang bertujuan untuk mempertahankan harkat dan martabat pribadi, orang lain atau kelompok.

  1. UPAYA PENINGKATAN PENDAPATAN MASYARAKAT MELALUI TEKNOLOGI BUDIDAYA DAN PEMANFAATAN BAMBU OLAHAN DI KECAMATAN TANRALILI KABUPATEN MAROS PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muthmainnah Muthmainnah

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The general purpose of this study was to build the management and utilization of the bamboo economically. The specific purpose of this research (1 was to know the techniques of cultivation and utilization of the bamboo in the community, (2, the incomes from the utilization of the bamboo, and (3 the marketing of the bamboo. The population that used in this research was the whole area of the bamboo utilization in Tanralili districts that consists 16 villages. The sample that used was the community who lives in Toddopulia and Lekopancing, Tanralili. Results of the research showed that the bamboo cultivation techniques by the community consist of some activities; preparation,planting, maintenance, fertilization, pest and disease control, and logging (harvesting. The revenue of the bamboo are; the bamboo merchants are Rp. 53.658 million/year, the meatball skewer makers/skewers are Rp. 39.0391 million/year and the manufacturer of bale-bale are Rp. 15.6666 million/year. The trade channel for the bamboo traders are from the owner to traders then to consumers. The trade channel for the meatball skewer makers/skewers and bale-bale are from the owner of the bamboo to the skewermeatball makers and the bale-bale then to consumers. Tujuan umum penelitian, adalah membangun pengelolaan dan pemanfaatan bambu secara ekonomi.  Adapun tujuan khusus dalam penelitian ini (1 mengetahui teknik budidaya dan pemanfaatan bambu dimasyarakat, (2 pendapatan masyarakat dari pemanfaatan bambu, (3  saluran tataniaga (pemasaran bambu.Populasi penelitan adalah seluruh areal pemanfaatan bambu yang berada di Kecamatan Tanralili. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah masyarakat yang berada di Kecamatan Tanralili yang terdiri dari 16 desa yang diambil untuk sampel sebanyak 2 desa yaitu Desa Toddopulia dan Desa Lekopancing.  Hasil penelitian Teknik budidaya bambu yang dilakukan masyarakat terdiri dari kegiatan persiapan penanaman, penanaman, pemeliharaan,pemupukan, pengendalian hama

  2. Pemanfaatan Ekstrak Air Daun Jambu Biji Sebagai Antioksidan Alami Pada Pengolahan Patin Asin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farida Ariyani

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian pemanfaatan ekstrak air daun jambu biji (Psidium guajava sebagai antioksidan alami pada pengolahan patin asin telah dilakukan. Aplikasi ekstrak air daun jambu dilakukan dengan merendam ikan dalam campuran larutan garam dan ekstrak daun jambu. Konsentrasi larutan garam yang digunakan adalah 30%, sedangkan variasi konsentrasi ekstrak daun jambu yang digunakan adalah 0, 6, dan 12% (w/v. Perendaman dalam larutan garam dilakukan selama 48 jam dengan perbandingan antara ikan dan larutan yang digunakan untuk merendam 1:2 (b/v. Selesai penggaraman, ikan dibelah menjadi bentuk butterfly kemudian dikeringkan di bawah sinar matahari sampai kering (4–5 hari. Pengamatan dilakukan terhadap sifat sensori, kadar air, angka Thio Barbituric Acid (TBA, produk berfluoresen dan proporsi asam lemak tidak jenuh patin asin. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa penambahan ekstrak air daun jambu pada larutan garam jenuh dengan konsentrasi 6 dan 12% selama penggaraman mampu menghambat oksidasi lemak patin asin yang tercermin dari penghambatan peningkatan kadar TBA, produk berfluoresen dan penghambatan kerusakan asam lemak tidak jenuh selama penyimpanan 2 bulan. Hasil uji sensori memperlihatkan bahwa patin asin yang diberi perlakuan memberikan bau yang tidak tengik, walaupun warna patin menjadi lebih coklat. Berdasarkan pertimbangan hasil secara kimiawi maupun sensori, perlakuan ekstrak daun jambu pada konsentrasi 6% merupakan perlakuan terpilih

  3. PEMANFAATAN TEPUNG KULIT UDANG SEBAGAI BAHAN PENGGANTI PAKAN JADI UNTUK PERTAMBAHAN BERAT ITIK PEDAGING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Trianto

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Itik sebagai penghasil daging di Indonesia, menurut data statistik tahun 2010 perannya masih rendah, yaitu hanya dapat memenuhi 44,75 % dari kebutuhan 14,3 ribu ton. Sementara itu, lim-bah kulit udang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan tambahan bagi pakan itik. Penelitian ini ber-tujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan tepung kulit udang (dengan variasi 0 % sebagai kontrol, 10 %,12 % dan 14 % dalam pakan terhadap pertumbuhan berat itik pedaging. Pene-litian yang dilakukan di Dusun Jarakan, Desa Ceporan, Kecamatan Gantiwarno, Kabupaten Kla-ten ini adalah eksperimen semu dengan rancangan pre-test post-test with control group. Obyek penelitian yang digunakan adalah 60 ekor itik pedaging yang berumur 0-5 hari, sementara lim-bah kulit udang diperoleh dari rumah makan di Rawa Jimbung. Masing-masing campuran pakan diberikan kepada 15 ekor itik yang ditaruh dalam kandang yang berbeda, sebanyak 150 gr/ming-gu/ekor dengan frekuensi dua kali per hari. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji One Way Anava dengan α = 0,05. Hasil analisis menghasilkan nilai p lebih kecil dari 0,001 yang berarti bahwa perbedaan peningkatan berat itik di antara variasi pakan memang bermakna, sehingga dapat di-interpretasikan bahwa variasi konsentrasi tepung kulit udang sebagai bahan tambahan mem-pengaruhi berat itik pedaging. Dengan uji lanjutan LSD dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemanfaatan 14 % tepung kulit udang di dalam pakan merupakan konsentrasi yang paling efektif

  4. Peningkatan Ecoliteracy siswa sebagai Green Consumer melalui Pemanfaatan Kemasan Produk Konsumsi dalam Pembelajaran IPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badrud Tamam

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kompetensi ecoliteracy siswa sebagai green consumer, melalui pemanfaatan kemasan produk konsumsi sebagai media dan sumber belajar IPS. Hal tersebut dilatarbelakangi atas kondisi objektif masalah limbah kemasan produk-produk konsumsi, sebagai polutan serius bagi lingkungan, termasuk bagi siswa di lingkungan SMP Negeri 1 Ciruas. Permasalahan lingkungan ini penting dikaji dalam pembelajaran IPS, sebab siswa sering dihadapkan pada fakta lemahnya pemahaman, kesadaran dan keterampilan menjadi konsumen yang ramah lingkungan (green consumer. Pembelajaran di kelaspun nampaknya masih jarang membangkitkan kesadaran, dan prilaku peduli akan lingkungan. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode penelitian tindakan kelas (clasroom action research, dengan desain penelitian dari Kemmis dan Mc. Taggart yang terdiri dari empat tahapan yakni perencanaan (plan, tindakan (act, observasi (observe dan refleksi (reflect. Dari hasil analisis pencapaian kompetensi ecoliteracy siswa dari siklus satu sampai siklus ketiga, menunjukan peningkatan kemampuan ecoliteracy yang signifikan pada setiap aspeknya. Berdasarkan rekapitulasi pencapaian kompetensi ecoliteracy siswa dari hasil pengamatan disimpulkan bahwa; pembelajaran IPS setelah memanfaatkan kemasan produk konsumsi sebagai media dan sumber belajar, dapat secara efektif meningkatkan kemampuan ecoliteracy siswa sebagai green consumer, pada kelas VIIB di SMP Negeri 1 Ciruas Kabupaten Serang-Banten. Sehingga siswa mampu lebih selektif baik dalam memilih, menggunakan dan membeli produk konsumsi berkemasan, yang berorientasi pada kelestarian lingkungan, terutama dilingkungan sekitar sekolah. Kata Kunci; Ecoliteracy, Green consumer, Kemasan Produk Konsumsi, Pembelajaran IPS

  5. PENGAWASAN DAN PENGENDALIAN PEMANFAATAN SUMBER DAYA AIR UNTUK IRIGASI DI KABUPATEN SLEMAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hery Listyawati

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Supervision and control of utilization of water resources for irrigation in Sleman regency is vital in realizing fair use of water resources. This descriptive-qualitative study finds that preventive-internal supervision has been consistent with those set forth in the working procedures and that repressiveinternal supervision is present in the form of sanctions. The locals enjoy preventive and repressive eksternal supervisionary role, which is manifested in local gatherings and public reporting system. We also find that the government exerts control by licensing, reprimands, advocacy, direction, and conflict resolution mechanisms. Practical problems include the absence of provincial irrigation commission and specific agencies that supervise the enforcement of mediation. Pengawasan dan pengendalian pemanfaatan sumber daya air untuk irigasi di Kabupaten Sleman sangat penting dalam mewujudkan penggunaan sumber daya air yang adil. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengawasan internal-preventif telah sesuai dengan yang dimandatkan oleh tugas pokok dan fungsi dan bahwa pengawasan internal-represif telah dilaksanakan dalam bentuk sanksi. Masyarakat melakukan pengawasan preventif dan represif dalam bentuk sarasehan/musyawarah dan sistem pelaporan. Penelitian ini juga menunjukkan bahwa pemerintah mengendalikan penggunaan sumber daya air dengan menyelenggarakan sistem perizinan, teguran, pembinaan, dan penyelesaian sengketa. Beberapa masalah yang ditemukan di lapangan antara lain adalah tidak adanya komisi irigasi provinsi dan lembaga pengawas khusus yang mengawasi pelaksanaan putusan mediasi.  

  6. PEMANFAATAN DIGITAL PUBLIC RELATIONS (PR DALAM SOSIALISASI TAGLINE “jogja istimewa” HUMAS PEMERINTAH KOTA YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adhianty Nurjanah

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Dalam mensosialisasikantagline baru kepada seluruh masyarakat kota Yogyakarta dibutuhkan proses sosialisasi dan disini peranan Humas Pemerintah Kota Yogyakarta sebagai komunikator dan mediator antara pemerintah dan masyarakat kota Yogyakarta sangat penting. Di era komunikasi digital, pemanfaatan media komunikasi Digital Public Relations (PR menjadi hal urgent yang dapat dilakukan dalam proses sosialisasi.Dengan memanfaatkan Digital PR, diharapkan proses sosialisasi Jogja Istimewa sebagai branding baru Kota Yogyakarta lebih cepat, tepat dan efektif  tersosialisasi kepada seluruh elemen masyarakat di Kota Yogyakarta. Dengan demikian Daerah IstimewaYogyakarta Yang Lebih Berkarakter, Berbudaya, Maju, Mandiri dan Sejahtera Menyongsong Peradaban Baru dapat dengan mudah terwujud. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan metode studi kasus dan termasuk kedalam jenis penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Penelitian deskriptif menurut Whitney (dalam Nazir, 1988: 63 yaitu penelitian untuk pencarian fakta dengan interpretasi yang tepat. Mempelajari masalah-masalah dalam masyarakat, Penelitian ini dilakukan pada Humas Pemerintah Kota Yogyakarta dengan pengkhususan pada implementasi digital Public Relations (PR dalam mensosialisasikan “jogja Istimewa”.  Kata Kunci: Digital, Public Relations, Sosialisasi

  7. PEMANFAATAN KITOSAN DARI LIMBAH CANGKANG BEKICOT (ACHATINA FULICA SEBAGAI ADSORBEN LOGAM BERAT SENG (ZN

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    Stevano Victor Marangratu

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak- Telah dilakukan pemanfaatan cangkang bekicot (Achatina fulica sebagai adsorben logam berat seng (Zn. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jumlah kitosan yang didapat dari cangkang bekicot, dan mengetahui kemampuan adsorben kitosan dalam uji adsorpsi yang menggunakan sampel air yang tercemar seng (Zn. Pembuatan kitosan dari cangkang bekicot dilakukan dengan dua tahap yaitu tahap pembuatan kitosan dengan variasi ukuran kitosan 250 micron dan 355 micron. Tahap pembuatan kitosan terdiri dari pembuatan serbuk cangkang bekicot, deproteinasi, demineralisasi, depigmentasi dan deasetilasi. Tahap ke dua yaitu uji penyerapan kitosan terhadap logam berat seng (Zn dengan variasi jumlah massa kitosan yang digunakan yaitu: 1 gram, 3 gram, 6 gram dan 9 gram. Sampel tersebut diuji dengan menggunakan Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric (AAS untuk mengetahui konsentrasi logam berat seng (Zn yang terkandung di dalamnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa kitosan yang didapat dari cangkang bekicot untuk ukuran 250 micron yang sebesar 95,27%, dan untuk ukuran 355 micron yaitu sebesar 96,18%. Daya serap optimum kitosan didapat pada kitosan berukuran 250 micron dengan massa kitosan 9 gram.

  8. Lokal skoleudvikling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ole; Risager Hansen, Marianne; Ørum, René

    2017-01-01

    I denne artikel er fokus rettet mod at belyse, hvorledes der kan arbejdes med praksisnær skoleudvikling på en skole med et værdigrundlag, der lægger vægt på, at alle medarbejdere er aktører i den forbindelse samt at det sikres, at skolens drift og udvikling er to sider af samme sag. Pædagogisk læ...

  9. Lokal centralisering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase

    abandoned. One outcome has been closings of schools in peripheral rural areas. This evidently contributes to exacerbate depopulation in these areas. To stop this tendency, we need new models for high-quality, cost-effective public services in remote areas as those we find in Denmark. This report introduces....... Ideally, such centres should contain both public services such as school and health care, enterprises as banks, and facilities for local associations as sports halls. The centres should be designed to secure both economies of scale and geographic proximity. Empirical evidence indicates that such large...

  10. Bentuk Kearifan Lokal Terkait Pemanfaatan Hasil Hutan Di Sekitar Tahura Bukit Barisan (Studi Kasus Di Desa Kuta Rakyat, Desa Dolat Rakyat, Desa Jaranguda, Dan Desa Tanjung Barus, Kabupaten Karo)

    OpenAIRE

    Damanik, Laverandi

    2015-01-01

    In forest management of resources, people who lives around the forest with their local wisdom really affect the forest stability. People who lives arounds forest really need the forest and their local wisdom can prevent over exploitation of forest. This study describes local wisdom of people that still exist in their lifes and then their needed to the forest to continue their lifes. This study had done in Kuta Rakyat, Jarang Uda, Dolat Rakyat, and Tanjung Barus, district of Karo, at April unt...

  11. MODEL PEMBANGUNAN DAERAH BERKELANJUTAN MELALUI TRANSFORMASI STRUKTUR BKONOMI BERBASIS SUMBERDAYA PERTAMBANGAN KE SUMBERDAYA LOKAL TERBARUKAN (Sustainable Local Development Model by means Economic Structure Transformation from Mine Resources Basis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Malanuang

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Sektor pertambangan tembaga dan emas yang dioperasikan oleh PT. Newmont Nusa Tenggara di Sumbawa Barat sangat dominan terhadap struktur perekonomian kabupaten tersebut sejak 2000-2006 dengan rata-rata 94,00 % dalam PDRB. Terkait dengan sifat sumberdaya mineral yang tidak terbarukan, deposit rnineral yang terbatas dan masa produksi pertambangan yang relatif pendek maka ketergantungan terhadap satu sektor (pertambangan dalam jangka menengah dan panjang akan berpengamh signifikan bagi pembangunan wilayah Sumbawa Barat. Untuk itu perlu solusi mengurangi ketergantungan terhadap tambang dengan melakukan transformasi struktur ekonomi dengan membangun rantai pohon industri pertanian lokal yang merupakan sumberdaya terbarukan dan ekowisata. Selain itu semakin berkurang dan habisnya pertambangan pada masa mendatang akan sangat beresiko terhadap kinerja pembangunan. Peran pemerintah daerah dalam mengalokasikan anggaran dengan tepat dan kerjasama antar daerah dalam memperbaiki dan mempertahankan kinerja pembangunan sangat penting dilakukan. Hasil analisis isi (content analysis peraturan perundangan sektor pertambangan belum mengarah pada tercapainya tujuan pembangunan berkelanjutan.   ABSTRACT Copper and Gold mine sector that operated by PT. Newmont Nusa Tenggara in West Sumbawa has dominated the regency economic structure since 2000-2006 with average share for Product Domestic Regional Bruto is 94,00 %. Regarding to mineral resources characteristic such as unrenewable, limited mineral deposit and relative short of long life project therfore dependency only on one sector (mining for long and medium terms will have significant effect on the development of West Sumbawa. Therefore, it‘s need a solution to reduce the dependency on the mine sector to tranform economic structure by means stablished local agro-industrial tree chain that characterized by renewable resources and ecotourism. In other hand, more reduction and exhaustment of mine production

  12. RESOLUSI KONFLIK ANTARA MASYARAKAT LOKAL DENGAN PERUSAHAAN PERTAMBANGAN (STUDI KASUS: KECAMATAN NAGA JUANG, KABUPATEN MANDAILING NATAL, PROVINSI SUMATERA UTARA

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    Dian Taufik Ramadhan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Konflik antara PT. SMM, masyarakat Kecamatan Naga Juang, dan Pemerintah Kabupaten Mandailing Natal, berakar pada hubungan ekonomi yang menyangkut pengelolaan dan pemanfaatan komoditi emas. Penelitian ini berupaya melihat relasi di antara ketiga stakeholder tersebut. Melihat hal-hal yang menjadi sebab konflik, mengurai struktur dan dinamika konfik serta merumuskan strategi resolusi konflik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, dimensi sebab konflik disebabkan oleh dimensi ekonomi atas pengelolaan dan pemanfaatan komoditi emas, dimensi struktur dan dinamika sangat dipengaruhi oleh peran aktor yang mendorong peningkatan ketegangan dan eskalasi konfik. Resolusi konflik yang dirumuskan yaitu strategi akomodatif. Strategi akomodatif adalah strategi yang mengakomodir kepentingan dan espektasi dari dua stakeholder kunci yaitu, Pemkab Madina dan masyarakat Kecamatan Naga Juang. Conflict between PT. SMM, Naga Juang district community, and the government of Mandailing Natal Regency, rooted in economic relations that concern to the management and utilization of gold’s commodity.  This research attempt to see the relationship between the three stakeholders, see the causes of conflict, analyze the structure and dynamics of conflict, and also formulate strategies of conflict resolution. The results showed, the economic dimension of the conflict caused by the management and utilization of gold commodity, structural and dynamics dimensions are strongly influenced by the role of actors which encouraged tension escalation and conflicts. The formulation of conflict resolution is an accommodative strategic which is a strategy that accommodates the interests and expectations of two key stakeholders, namely Mandailing Natal regencial government, and Naga Juang district community.

  13. Efektivitas Model Prakarya dan Kewirausahaan Berbasis Ekonomi Kreatif Berdimensi Industri Keunggulan Lokal terhadap Keinovatifan Siswa

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    Sukardi Sukardi

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keefektifan model pendidikan Prakarya dan Kewirausahaan berbasis ekonomi kreatif berdimensi industri keunggulan lokal terhadap keinovatifan siswa SMA dalam menghasilkan produk/jasa. Penelitian berupa penelitian dan pengembangan versi Borg dan Gall yang dipadukan dengan prinsip desain konstruktivistik. Kajian dilakukan melalui tahapan uji produk awal melalui uji terbatas yang disertai revisi; uji produk akhir melalui quasi eksperimen; dan desiminasi dan implementasi. Data dikumpulkan melalui tes, proyek, dan kuesioner, sedang analisis data dilakukan lewat uji korelasi dan t-tes. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 hasil uji produk awal menunjukkan bahwa model yang dihasilkan sangat baik dan layak diuji lebih lanjut; (2 hasil uji produk akhir menunjukkan model yang dihasilkan efektif ditinjau dari keinovatifan siswa dalam menghasilkan produk ekonomi kreatif berdimensi keunggulan lokal; (3 guru dan siswa memberikan respon yang sangat baik terhadap model yang dihasilkan dilihat dari aspek relevance, reflection, interaction, tutor support, peer support, dan interpretation; (4 model akhir yang dihasilkan memuat tiga komponen utama, yaitu tujuan, prosedur, dan penilaian pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: efektivitas model, prakarya dan kewirausahaan, keinovatifan THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CRAFTSMANSHIP EDUCATIONAL MODEL AND CREATIVE ECONOMY-BASED ENTREPRENEURSHIP WITH LOCAL ADVANTAGE INDUSTRY TO STUDENTS’ INNOVATION Abstract: The purpose of this study is to figure out the effectiveness of craftsmanship educational model and creative economy-based entrepreneurship with local advantage industry to the level of high school students’ innovation in providing products / services. This study uses a model of research and development developed by Borg and Gall combined with constructivist design principles. The second phase involves two steps: (1 the initial product test through limited testing with revisions; (2 the final

  14. Pemanfaatan Media Pembelajaran Audio Visual Untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar PAI Pada Siswa Kelas V SDN Kalianget Timur X

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernawati Ernawati

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Proses belajar mengajar pada hakikatnya adalah proses komunikasi, penyampaian pesan dari pengantar ke penerima. Pesan berupa isi/ajaran yang dituangkan ke dalam simbol-simbol komunikasi baik verbal maupun non verbal.Dalam pembelajaran PAI, agar bahan pelajaran yang diberikan lebih mudah dipahami oleh siswa, diperlukan media yang membantu proses penyampaian tersebut.Melalui media (alat bantu, diharapkan akan terjadi persepsi yang sama antara guru dan siswa. Apalagi Pendidikan Agama Islam yakni pendidikan yang sangat penting bagi kehidupan manusia, terutama dalam mencapai ketentraman bathin dan kesehatan mental padaumumnya.Media CD ini bisa digunakan sebagai salah satu alternatif pembelajaran PAI, khususnya pada materi “menceritakan kisah-kisah Nabi”.Melalui film tentang kisah Nabi yang ada dalam kaset CD, tentunya siswa akan lebih mudah memahami dan lebih mengasyikkan untuk digunakan sebagai sarana belajar daripada menggunakan buku ajar biasa yang pada akhirnya berpengaruh terhadap pencapaian hasil belajar siswa. Tujuan yang ingin dicapai melaluipenelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui keefektifan media CD dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa pada pelajaran PAI materi menceritakan kisah Nabi di kelas V SDN Kalianget Timur X.Berdasarkan hasil yang diperoleh dari siklus I sampai II, pemanfaatan media pembelajaran CD pada materi menceritakan kisah Nabi terbukti dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa. Hal ini terbukti dengan adanya peningkatan hasil belajar baik secara kelompok maupun secara individu. Pemanfaatan media pembelajaran CDjuga dapat meningkatkan aktivitas belajar siswa yang meliputi keaktifan, kerjasama, keberanian, kedisiplinan, serta ketelitian siswa.

  15. Potensi Tinggalan Arkeologis di Kawasan Bandar Udara Sam Ratulangi Manado: Upaya Pelestarian, Pemanfaatan, dan Pengembangan bagi Masyarakat

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    Irfanuddin W. Marzuki

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The area of Sam Ratulangi airport’s Manado has archaeological heritage which has been know as it is closed for public. This research used descriptive method, using inductive reasoning. Meanwhile, the analysis method used morphologyl, technology, and contextual analysis. This research aimed to find out the potential of archaeological heritage in Sam Ratulangi airport area of Manado. In addition to its strategy of preservation the haritage included veilbox, bungker, and waruga. The preservation can be conducted by doing protection, development, and utilization. The preservation both physical and non physical protection. The effort for its development and utilization was conducted for the purpose of science, education, culture, and tourism. Kawasan Bandar Udara Sam Ratulangi Manado mempunyai potensi tinggalan arkeologis yang selama ini tidak diketahui masyarakat luas, dikarenakan letak tinggalan yang berada dalam kawasan tertutup untuk umum. Penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan penalaran induktif. Metode analisis menggunakan analisis morfologi, teknologi dan kontekstual. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui potensi tinggalan arkeologis yang terdapat di kawasan Bandar Udara Sam Ratulangi dan strategi pelestariannya. Tinggalan arkeologis yang terdapat di kawasan Bandar Udara Sam Ratulangi meliputi veilbox, bungker, dan waruga. Upaya pelestarian dapat dilakukan dengan cara perlindungan, pengembangan dan pemanfaatan. Upaya perlindungan meliputi perlindungan secara fisik dan non fisik. Upaya pengembangan dan pemanfaatan dilakukan untuk kepentingan ilmu pengetahuan, pendidikan, kebudayaan dan pariwisata.

  16. Pembuatan Virtual Kampus Sistem Komputer Fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro Menggunakan Jaringan Lokal Berbasis VRML

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendra Taufiq Oktafianto

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Dalam bidang informasi banyak cara dalam menginformasikan data, baik secara tertulis, gambar, suara, gambar dan suara. Saat ini banyak dikembangkan teknologi dengan menggunakan metode visual yang interaktif, seperti dunia virtual yang membuat seolah-olah informasi tersebut di dapat sesuai dengan pengalaman memasuki daerah yang di lihat pada dunia virtual tersebut. Metode tersebut adalah pengembangan teknologi virtual reality yang dibuat dengan menggunakan 3DS Max sebagai software untuk menghasilkan gambar yang menarik. Pengaplikasian yang dikembangkan dengan media web dimana setiap pengguna lebih mudah dalam dalam menggunakan aplikasi tersebut. Metode pengambangan yang dirancang adalah memadukan teknologi virtual reality dengan web. Dimana aplikasi tersebut terdapat didalam tampilan web yang didukun basis data untuk mempermudah aktor admin dalam mengolah data. Pada browser yang digunakan akan di pasang plug-in cortona3d agar dapat menampilkan file ekstensi tiga dimensi yang dapat di tampilkan browser. Hasil dari pembuatan aplikasi ini adalah terancangnya sebuah aplikasi yang menggunakan teknologi virtual reality modeling language dengan studi kasus Kampus Sistem Komputer Fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro menggunakan jaringan lokal berbasis VRML

  17. POTENSI PENGEMBANGAN WISATA HALAL DALAM PERSPEKTIF DUKUNGAN KETERSEDIAAN RESTORAN HALAL LOKAL (NON WARALABA DI KOTA GORONTALO

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    Krisna Anugrah

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This study focused about the potential development of halal tourism in the perspective support of availability of local halal restaurant (non franchise restaurant in Gorontalo city. In master plan Gorontalo Tourism Development stated that Gorontalo has potential opportunity to develop halal tourism as one of tourism destination. These potential opportunity supported by few of factor which that the majority of the population are moslem, tourist visitor are dominated by domestic tourist which is connected also to majority of population in Indonesia are moslem as well. The city of Gorontalo as the capital city has many facilities than other city in Gorontalo province. The facilities such as star hotel and non star hotel, franchise restaurant, lokal restaurant. Other than that Gorontalo city has strategic position because situated between two cities that has tourist destination and attraction. This study used descriptive qualitative method. The data obtained through field obeservation, interview, and documentation. All data collected by using sampling purposive technique. the quantitative data obtained will be described in descriptive terms. The completion of this research will presented in descriptive. The results showed the existence of a restaurant that has halal certification is sufficient to support halal tourism. In order to run well required cooperation among stakeholders.

  18. ANALISA ELEMEN GRAFIS DESAIN KEMASAN INDOMIE GORENG PASAR LOKAL DAN EKSPOR

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    Listia Natadjaja

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Graphic Elements in packaging design for local and eksport market are suspected to have different kind of purposes. This is why I am interested to analize the graphic elements in instant noodle packaging produced by Indofood. The analizes are including what elements are differents and why the designer made them difference. There are a lot of factors that customer choose an instant noodle, like cultural factors, buying and consuming habits. Hopefully, through this research the consumer could understand the importance of graphic elemen in packaging design. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Elemen grafis desain kemasan yang berbeda antara pasar lokal dan ekspor disenyalir mempunyai tujuan pemasaran yang berbeda pula. Hal ini menarik penulis untuk menganalisa elemen-elemen grafis pada mi goreng instan produksi Indofood. Analisa meliputi elemen apa saja yang berbeda dan mengapa desain kemasan tersebut dibuat berbeda. Faktor budaya dan kebiasaan dalam memilih, membeli dan mengkonsumsi mi instan dapat merupakan salah satu pertimbangan. Diharapkan dengan analisa ini masyarakat dapat memahami pentingnya elemen grafis pada kemasan yang memperhatikan pasarnya Kata kunci: elemen grafis, desain kemasan, mi instan, Indofood.

  19. Penentuan Tipologi Pengembangan Industri Batik dalam Upaya Pengembangan Ekonomi Lokal di Kabupaten Pamekasan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilda Al Aluf

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak—Industri batik merupakan potensi lokal Kabupaten Pamekasan yang dapat menjadi penggerak perekonomian untuk mengurangi kemiskinan di Kabupaten Pamekasan memiliki permasalahan pada aspek sistem produksi, infrastruktur dan kelembagaan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menentukan tipologi industri batik di Kabupaten Pamekasan. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap perkembangan industri batik berdasarkan preferensi pengrajin dan analisis Hierarchical Cluster untuk mengetahui tipologi industri batik di Kabupaten Pamekasan. Hasil akhir penelitian menunjukkan terdapat 3 tipologi industri batik, yaitu 1 Tipologi 1 terdiri dari Desa Klampar, Toket, Larangan Badung dan Angsanah dengan penghambat perkembangan industri adalah variabel pada faktor kelembagaan; 2 Tipologi 2 terdiri dari Desa Candi Burung, Panaan, Kowel, Waru Barat, dengan  penghambat perkembangan industri batik adalah variabel pada faktor kelembagaan dan sistem produksi; 3 Tipologi 3 terdiri dari Desa Rang Perang Daya, Rek Kerek, Banyupelle, Pagendingan dan Pegantenan, dimana penghambat perkembangan industri adalah variabel pada faktor sistem produksi, infrastruktur dan kelembagaan

  20. PEMANFAATAN SPUIT BEKAS SEBAGAI MEDIA BIOFILTRASI DALAM MENURUNKAN KADAR BOD DAN COD AIR LIMBAH LAUNDRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susilawati Susilawati

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Utilization Spuit Used As Media biofilters on Reducing levels of BOD and COD Wastewater Laundry. The aim of this study was to test the ability of the media syringe biofiltration method used in lowering levels of BOD and COD in waste water laundry Hospital Dr. Soedarso Pontianak. This research is a quasi-experimental research design with one group pretest-posttest. Laboratory results mean BOD levels before processing is 103.63 mg/L and the average after processing into 46.41 mg/ L, with a value of 55.21 % effectiveness. While the average COD level before processing is 413.70 mg / L and the average after processing into a 195.88 mg/L with a value of 45.92% effectiveness. Expected to other researchers to control the pH and blowers before treatment and during treatment, as it will affect the final result. Abstrak : Pemanfaatan Spuit Bekas Sebagai Media Biofiltrasi Dalam Menurunkan Kadar BOD dan COD Air Limbah Laundry. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menguji kemampuan metode biofiltrasi dengan media spuit bekas pakai dalam menurunkan kadar BOD dan COD pada air limbah laundry RSUD Dr. Soedarso Pontianak. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen semu dengan rancangan penelitian one group pre test post test. Hasil laboratorium rata-rata kadar BOD sebelum pengolahan yaitu 103.63 mg/L dan rata-rata setelah pengolahan menjadi 46.41 mg/L, dengan nilai efektivitas 55,21 %. Sedangkan rata-rata kadar COD sebelum pengolahan yaitu 413.70 mg/L dan rata-rata setelah pengolahan menjadi 195.88 mg/L dengan nilai efektivitas 45,92 %. Diharapkan kepada peneliti lain untuk mengontrol pH dan blower sebelum perlakuan dan pada saat perlakuan, jika melakukan penelitian sejenis karena akan mempengaruhi hasil akhir.

  1. PENGARUH PELATIHAN GURU, KOMPETENSI GURU DAN PEMANFAATAN SARANA PRASARANA TERHADAP KESIAPAN GURU PRODI BISNIS MANAJEMEN DALAM IMPLEMENTASI KURIKULUM 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Septian Fuji Yama

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Kurikulum 2013 merupakan kurikulum yang saat ini diterapkan di Indonesia. Kurikulum 2013 membawa perubahan mendasar pada guru dalam pembelajaran. Oleh karena itu guru dituntut untuk menyiapkan dirinya dalam melaksanakan kurikulum 2013. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pelatihan guru, kompetensi guru, dan pemanfaatan sarana prasarana terhadap kesiapan guru prodi bisnis manajemen dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 di SMK N 1 Purbalingga. Populasi dan sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah guru prodi bisnis manajemen di SMK N 1 Purbalingga Tahun Ajaran 2014/2015 yaitu guru program pendidikan akuntansi, administrasi perkantoran, dan pemasaran berjumlah 24 orang. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu sampel jenuh. Metode yang digunakan dalam dalam pengambilan data adalah angket. Data variabel dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif persentase dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian ini secara statistik menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh secara simultan dan parsial pelatihan guru, kompetensi guru, dan pemanfaatan sarana prasarana terhadap kesiapan guru prodi bisnis manajemen dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 di SMK N 1 Purbalingga. Saran yang dapat diberikan adalah guru harus berupaya menambah wawasan mengenai kurikulum 2013 dan guru lebih mengembangkan kompetensi kepribadiannya serta guru harus mempersiapkan dirinya untuk memahami pemanfaatan sumber belajar. Curriculum 2013 is the curriculum applied in Indonesia recently. It brings fundamental changes in teachers’ teaching and learning. Thus, teachers are required to prepare themselves in implementing curriculum 2013. The purpose of this study is to find out whether there is influence of teacher training, teacher competence, and infrastructure towards manajement business department teacher’s readiness in curriculum 2013 implementation in SMK N 1 Purbalingga. The population of this study was manajement business department teachers in

  2. Aggregate and Mineral Resources - Minerals

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC State | GIS Inventory — This point occurrence data set represents the current mineral and selected energy resources of Utah. The data set coordinates were derived from USGS topographic maps...

  3. Pengembangan Sistem Informasi Geografis Berbasis Node.JS untuk Pemetaan Mesin dan Tracking Engineer dengan Pemanfaatan Geolocation pada PT IBM Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Fajrin, Rachmat

    2017-01-01

    PT IBM memiliki banyak klien di Indonesia, ini membuat persebaran produk (dalam hal ini mesin atm) yang semakin meluas di wilayah Indonesia. Hal ini memicu PT IBM untuk menempatkan engineer dibanyak wilayah untuk memenuhi kebutuhan services dan maintenance. Untuk itu dalam penelitian ini dikembangkan sebuah sistem informasi geografis untuk pemetaan mesin dan tracking engineer dengan pemanfaatan geolocation yang bertujuan untuk menampilkan peta digital beserta lokasi mesin dan engineer di selu...

  4. Hubungan Ekspresi NFκB dengan Respons Radiasi Kanker Serviks Stadium Lokal Lanjut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Affi A. Ratnasari

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Apoptosis merupakan salah satu jalur eliminasi sel kanker pada proses radiasi dan nuclear factor kappa-B (NFkB merupakan faktor transkripsi yang diduga berhubungan dengan mekanisme resistensi apoptosis suatu sel sehingga dapat memengaruhi respons pascaradiasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menilai ekspresi relatif NFkB pada kanker serviks stadium lokal lanjut dan hubungannya dengan respons radiasi. Penelitian dilakukan dengan desain kohort observasional pada bulan Januari-Oktober 2015. Jaringan biopsi pra-radiasi dari kanker serviks diperoleh dari 17 subjek dan biopsi mid-radiasi didapatkan dari 10 subjek. mRNA NFkB diekstraksi dan dianalisis menggunakan qRT-PCR. Ekspresi relatif NFkB diuji terhadap hubungannya dengan respons radiasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan median ekspresi relatif NFkB pra-radiasi pada kelompok subyek dengan respons negatif (0,667; SD 0,413 lebih tinggi daripada kelompok respons positif (0,315; SD 160,298, namun tidak terdapat hubungan dengan respons pascaradiasi (p=0,578. Terdapat hubungan antara perubahan ekspresi NFkB midterapi dibandingkan praterapi terhadap respons radiasi (p=0,035; RR 0,33. Disimpulkan bahwa penurunan ekspresi NFkB mid-radiasi dapat berperan dalam meningkatkan respons pascaradiasi. Kata kunci: NFkB, respons radioterapi, kanker serviks stadium lanjut lokal Expression of NFkB in Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer and Its Relation to Radiotherapy Response Abstract One of the expected elimination pathways of cancer cells in the process of radiation is apoptosis. Nuclear factor kappa-B (NFkB is a transcription factor related to the mechanism of apoptosis resistance of a cell, which can affect the post-radiation response. The aim of this study is to assess the relative expression of NFkB in locally advanced cervical cancer and its relation to radiotherapy response. The study was conducted with observational cohort design on January-October 2015. Pre-radiotherapy cervical biopsy specimen was collected from

  5. PENGEMBANGAN PANGAN FUNGSIONAL BERBASIS PANGAN LOKAL SEBAGAI PRODUK SARAPAN UNTUK REMAJA GEMUK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Darawati

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis study aimed to find a functional food formulas (FFF based on local food as breakfast product, that can be accepted organoleptically, nutritious, and contain antioxidants for overweight/obese adolescents. This study was laboratory experiment, randomized complete design and using five level of one factor of treatment (proportion of carrot: pumpkin were F1 7.14%:19.64%; F2 8.93%:17.86%; F3 10.71%:16.07%; F4 12.50%:14.29%; and F5 14.29%:12.50%. The result showed that 80-100% of semi-trained panelis accepted all FFFs (F1, F2, F3, F4, and F5 organoleptically. There was a significant effect of level of treatment (F1, F2, F3, F4, and F5 on the color, flavor, and overall of FFFs (p<0.05. Product F5 had the highest percentage of acceptance and the average value than other products. F5 consisted of 30.36% orange sweet potato, 28.57% red beans, 8.93% fermented soybean (tempeh, 14.29% carrot, 12.50% pumpkin, 3.75% sugar, and 1.79% cornstarch. Each portion of F5 product could contribute about 20% of the recommended energy and protein adequacy for adolescents, and it’s contain 4.02 mg of β-carotene and antioxidant activity 38.54 mg/100 g (AEAC. The total microbe content of F5 was 9.6 x 102 coloni/g, still below the threshold for a type of processed product, so that these products are safe to eat. The resulting product has the potential as a functional food because of the content of β-carotene and it's antioxidant activity and can be considered as a breakfast product for overweight/obese adolescents.Keywords: adolescent, functional food, local food, obese, overweightABSTRAKTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mendapatkan formula pangan fungsional berbasis pangan lokal yang dapat diterima secara organoleptik, memenuhi kebutuhan gizi, dan mengandung antioksidan sebagai produk sarapan bagi remaja gemuk. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen di laboratorium, menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap, satu faktor dengan lima taraf perlakuan yaitu F1

  6. MODEL PENULISAN BUKU AJAR BIOLOGI SMA BERWAWASAN EKOLOGI DAN LOKAL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEPEDULIAN SISWA TERHADAP LINGKUNGAN

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    Achyani Achyani

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available A study using Research and Development design was conducted to produce a model of Biology hand book writing which is ecology and local oriented as an effort to increase students’ care toward environment. The background of this research is the reality which is  still going on untill now that the awareness and care of the school graduatee toward the environement safety is still low. Besides, hard science instructional at school could not affect or intervene the graduatee’s characteristics, for instance in keeping the environment awareness. Meanwhile, there are many concepts of environment which had been taught through hard science especially biology, so in the researcher’s point of view, biology subject has strategic role to prevent or mitigate the environment disaster caused by human activities. The model was validated at beach  ecosystem. The analysis of the research result includes three aspects, namely: 1 text comprehension, 2 environment care attitude, and 3 handbook readibility. Based on the result of beach ecosystem data analysis, it was found that (1 there was a significant difference between experimental class and control class in the beach ecosystem which is shown by tcalculation > ttable (7.429 > 2.00; (2 there was strong correlation between students’ comprehension and attitude which is shown by coeficient correlation (r 0.634. While the text readability test (Cloze test shown  the readability of beach ecosystem text is 57,57% (moderate. Therefore, it can be concluded that all of the texts in the developed book are fit and proper for SMA students of grade X.   Kata kunci:  Penulisan buku ajar, orientasi ekologi dan lokal, kepedulian terhadap  lingkungan.

  7. Potensi sinbiotik lokal terhadap respon imun non spesifik udang vaname (Litopenaeus vannamei

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    Indri Saputri Ramadhani

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The aims of the study were to examine the exact percentage of prebiotics in sinbiotics, administered through feed, so as to enhance nonspecific immune responses in white shrimp. The sweet potato extract was used as prebiotic, combined with local isolated Bacillus sp. D2.2 as a probiotic applied simultaneously as a synbiotic. The feed was treated with 0% sinbiotic treatment (treatment A / control, 0% prebiotic and 6% probiotics (B treatment, 2% prebiotic and 6% probiotics (treatment C, 4% prebiotics and 6% probiotics (treatment D. Examination of nonspecific immune responses to shrimp included total hemocyte count (THC, phagocytosis activity (AP, phagocytosis index (IP, phenoloxidase activity (PO, and superoxide dismutase activity (SOD. Observation of the non-specific immune response of vaname shrimp after treatment showed that treatment C was the best prebiotic  to increase non-specific immune response in vaname shrimp. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari persentase prebiotik yang tepat dalam sinbiotik, yang diberikan melalui pakan, sehingga dapat meningkatkan respon imun nonspesifik pada udang vaname. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan ekstrak tepung ubi jalar sebagai prebiotik, dikombinasikan dengan isolat lokal Bacillus sp. D2.2 sebagai probiotik yang diaplikasikan secara bersamaan sebagai sinbiotik. Pakan yang diberikan adalah pakan dengan perlakuan 0% sinbiotik (perlakuan A/kontrol, 0% prebiotik dan 6% probiotik (perlakuan B, 2% prebiotik dan 6% probiotik (perlakuan C, 4% prebiotik dan 6% probiotik (perlakuan D. Pemeriksaan respon imun nonspesifik pada udang meliputi total hemocyte count (THC, aktivitas fagositosis (AF, indeks fagositosis (IF, aktivitas phenoloxidase (PO, dan aktivitas superoxide dismutase (SOD. Pengamatan pada respon imun non spesifik udang vaname setelah diberi perlakuan menunjukan bahwa perlakuan C merupakan persentase prebiotik terbaik untuk meningkatkan respon imun non spesifik pada udang vaname.

  8. PEWARISAN NILAI-NILAI BUDAYA LOKAL DI MALANG RAYA (STUDI KAUS PAES MANTEN STYLE MALANGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mila Suraya

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to generate the construction of the learning component paes manten style Malangan built into the process of inheritance values of the local culture. This study includes qualitative research with case study design. In this study, the researchers present for extracting data on informants, at the time of interview and observation. The results of this study were (1 There is a learning process informally in the process of inheritance of learning paes manten Malangan but the learning process that takes place not only on the next generation but can be to anyone (2 The learning process in inheritance cultural values paes manten Malangan done by stages that must be done by the prospective makeup. And the passing skills of paes manten Malangan informal learning occurs at every stage there are deliberate by students (prospective cosmetic, but a source of learning (cosmetic do not realize, or vice versa. (3 Components of learning in paes manten Malangan can not be seen as in formal education but still can be seen implied. Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan konstruksi komponen pembelajaran paes manten style Malangan yang dibangun dalam proses pewarisan nila-nilai budaya lokal. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian kualitatif dengan desain studi kasus. Pada penelitian ini,  peneliti  hadir  untuk penggalian data dari informan, yaitu pada saat wawancara dan observasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah (1 terdapat proses belajar secara informal pada proses pewarisan pembelajaran paes manten Malangan, namun proses pembelajaran yang berlangsung tidak hanya terjadi pada satu generasi penerus saja tetapi bisa kepada siapa saja (2 proses pembelajaran dalam pewarisan nilai-nilai budaya paes manten Malangan dilakukan dengan tahapan-tahapan yang harus dilakukan oleh calon perias. Pewarisan keterampilan paes manten Malangan pembelajaran informal terjadi pada setiap tahapannya ada yang disengaja oleh peserta didik (calon perias namun sumber belajar

  9. Fumarolic minerals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balic Zunic, Tonci; Garavelli, Anna; Jakobsson, Sveinn Peter

    2016-01-01

    The fumarolic mineralogy of the Icelandic active volcanoes, the Tyrrhenian volcanic belt (Italy) and the Aegean active arc (Greece) is investigated, and literature data surveyed in order to define the characteristics of the European fumarolic systems. They show broad diversity of mineral...... associations, with Vesuvius and Vulcano being also among the world localities richest in mineral species. Volcanic systems, which show recession over a longer period, show fumarolic development from the hightemperature alkaline halide/sulphate, calcic sulphate or sulphidic parageneses, synchronous...... with or immediately following the eruptions, through mediumtemperature ammonium minerals, metal chlorides, or fluoride associations to the late low-temperature paragenesis dominated by sulphur, gypsum, alunogen, and other hydrous sulphates. The situation can be different in the systems that are not recessing but show...

  10. EFEKTIVITAS Bacillus thuringiensis H-14 STRAIN LOKAL DALAM BUAH KELAPA TERHADAP LARVA Anopheles sp dan Culex sp di KAMPUNG LAUT KABUPATEN CILACAP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blondine Ch. P

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Bacillus thuringiensis serotipe H-14 strain lokal adalah bakteri patogen bersifat target spesifiknya larva nyamuk, aman bagi mamalia dan lingkungan. Penelitian bertujuan menentukan efektivitas B. thuringiensis H-14 strain lokal yang dikembangbiakkan dalam buah kelapa untuk pengendalian larva Anopheles sp dan Culex sp. Rancangan eksperimental semu, terdiri dari kelompok perlakuan dan kontrol. Bacillus thuringiensis H-14 strain lokal dikembangbiakan dalam10 buah kelapa umur 6–8 bulan, dengan berat kira-kira 1 kg, telah berisi air kelapa sekitar 400-500 ml/buah kelapa yang diperoleh dari Desa Klaces, Kampung Laut, Kabupaten Cilacap. Diinkubasi selama 14 hari pada temperatur kamar dan ditebarkan di 6 kolam yang menjadi habitat perkembangbiakan larva nyamuk dengan luas berkisar 3–100 m2.Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukkan efektivitas B. thuringiensis H-14 strain lokal terhadap larva Anopheles sp dan Culex sp selama 1 hari sesudah penebaran kematian larva berturut-turut sebesar 80–100% dan 79,31–100%. Sedangkan pada hari ke-14 sebesar 69,30–76,71% dan 67,69–86,04%. Buah kelapa dapat digunakan sebagai media lokal alternatif untuk pengembangbiakan B. thuringiensis H-14 strain lokal Kata kunci: B. thuringiensis H-14,  strain  lokal, buah kelapa, pengendalian larva Abstract Bacillus thuringiensis serotype H-14 local strain is pathogenic bacteria which specific  target to mosquito larvae. It is safe for mammals and enviroment. The aims of this study was to determine the effectivity of B. thuringiensis H-14 local strain which culturing in thecoconut wates against Anopheles sp and Culex sp mosquito larvae. This research is quasi experiment which consist of treated  and control groups. Bacillus thuringiensis H-14 local strain was cultured in 10 coconuts with 6–8 months age with weight around 1 kg that contained were approximately 400-500 ml/coconut were taken from Klaces village, Kampung Laut. After that the coconuts incubated for 14

  11. Mineral sands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1990-01-01

    This paper presents an outlook of the Australian mineral sand industry and covers the major operators. It is shown that conscious of an environmentally minded public, the Australian miners have led the way in the rehabilitation of mined areas. Moreover the advanced ceramic industry is generating exciting new perspectives for zircon producers and there is a noticeable growth in the electronic market for rare earths, but in long term the success may depend as much on environmental management and communication skills as on mining and processing skills

  12. KERAGAAN PERTUMBUHAN BENIH IKAN MAS (Cyprinus carpio STRAIN MAJALAYA, LOKAL BOGOR DAN RAJADANU DI KOLAM CIJERUK, BOGOR-JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otong Zenal Arifin

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan strain ikan mas yang memiliki keragaan pertumbuhan yang baik sebagai spesies kandidat untuk program seleksi. Tiga strain ikan mas (majalaya, lokal Bogor, dan rajadanu dipelihara dalam jaring yang diletakkan di kolam Instalasi Penelitian Cijeruk, Bogor selama 6 minggu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan nyata untuk parameter pertambahan bobot dan sintasan dari 3 strain ikan mas yang diuji, sedangkan untuk pertambahan panjang individual (mm per bulan ada perbedaan yang sangat nyata (P<0,05. Strain ikan mas rajadanu memiliki pertambahan panjang terbaik (16,0 ± 1,41 dan berbeda dengan majalaya (10,3 ± 4,50 serta lokal (10,8 ± 2,06. Objective of this study is to produce good performance of common carp by comparing three promising strains majalaya, local, and rajadanu. The study was carry out using floating net cages placed in earthen pond at The Cijeruk Germ Plasm Research Station. During the study, growth and survival rate were observed were observed for six weeks. The results indicated there was no significant difference for growth of weight and survival rate. However, growth of standard length was significantly different (P<0.05. Rajadanu made the best growth of standard length (16.0 ± 1.41 and was different from majalaya (10.3 ± 4.50 and local strain (10.8 ± 2.06.

  13. Analisis Minat Beli Wanita Terhadap Produk Tas Bermerek Original Di Tengah Komoditi Produksi Tas Bermerek Tiruan Produksi Produsen Lokal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dzuha Hening Yanuarsari

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Semakin kompleksnya perkembangan dunia fashion di masyarakat menimbulkan penambahan citra estetik bagi setiap barang-barang yang dikenakan sehari-hari. Tas merupakan produk yang sering dilirik oleh wanita. Selain dari segi fungsionalitasnya, tas sekarang mulai digunakan wanita sebagai barang pelengkap padu padan busana untuk menyelaraskan gaya maupun meningkatkan citra kelasnya dimasyarakat. Semakin banyak value yang dikeluarkan untuk membeli sebuah tas maka semakin tinggi penilaian masyarakat akan citra kelas terhadap dirinya. Tas mampu menimbulkan fetisisme tersendiri di masyarakat tidak hanya pada kalangan wanita kebanyakan, tetapi juga kalangan pria.  Dari fenomena-fenomena tersebut akhirnya memunculkan banyak produsen-produsen lokal yang melirik peluang tersebut dengan memproduksi tas replika yang memiliki hereditas yang hampir sama dengan tas bermerek produksi produsen aslinya. Dikaji dari klasifikasi modalnya, maka posisi nilai dari pemakaian tas disini termasuk kedalam modal sosial dimana kepemilikan tas mampu menggusung citra diri seseorang. Namun  jika menilik dari fenomena kemunculan banyak produsen lokal yang memproduksi tas berkelas replika  bisa dihubungkan dengan hukum Gestalt yakni hukum persamaan dan kontinuitas. Sedangkan jika ditilik dari sistem objek yang membawanya dalam kasus ini termasuk kedalam The Non-Functional System dimana objek tidak hanya dilihat sebatas fungsionalitasnya saja akan tetapi ranah ekspresinya juga yang mana jika memakai objek tersebut (tas mampu menjembatani individu berdasarkan kompromi dari pengalaman, keinginan dan cita-citanya. Kata Kunci : Fashion, Minat Beli, Tas

  14. PARAMETER POPULASI IKAN KADAH (VALAMUGIL SPEIGLERI SEBAGAI INDIKATOR PEMANFAATAN SUMBER DAYA PERAIRAN ESTUARIA DI PEMALANG

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    Adrian Damora

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Kemungkinan intrusi air laut, perubahan musim, penurunan hasil pertambakan, abrasi air laut yang cukup parah dan rhob besar di Kabupaten Pemalang diperkirakan akan mengancam kelestarian ekosistem mangrove, termasuk ikan-ikan estuari diantaranya adalah ikan Kadah (Valamugil speigleri. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengungkapkan status populasi ikan Kadah di perairan estuaria Pemalang. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Juni–Nopember 2010. Sebanyak 753 ekor contoh ikan Kadah yang diambil secara acak dari berbagai alat tangkap di TPI Ketapang, Kabupaten Pemalang. Data yang diperoleh diolah dengan aplikasi model analitik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pertumbuhan ikan Kadah bersifat allometrik negatif, dimana pertambahan panjang lebih cepat dibandingkan pertambahan beratnya. Rata-rata panjang ikan Kadah tertangkap adalah 14,48 cm. Laju pertumbuhan (K ikan Kadah 0,98/tahun dan panjang total maksimum (L∞ sebagai 21,53 cm. laju kematian total (Z ikan Kadah 5,56/tahun dan laju kematian alamiah (M 2,00/tahun, sementara laju kematian karena penangkapan (F 3,56/tahun, serta laju pengusahaan (E sekitar 0,64/tahun. Laju pengusahaan ikan Kadah sudah berada dalam keadaan jenuh (fully exploited yang menandakan intensitas pemanfaatan sumber daya perikanan estuaria yang tinggi.   Sustainability of Pemalang mangrove ecosystems and their estuarine fish such as, Speigler’s mullet (V. speigleri could be threaten by salt water intrusion, seasonal change, sea water abrasion and highest water tide. Therefore, a study aimed to identify the population status of Speigler’s mullet in Pemalang estuarine was conducted from June to Nopember 2010. Approximately 753 samples of Speigler’s mullet were collected from varieties of fishing gears at Ketapang fish landing area (site, Pemalang. The data were analyzed using the analytical model application. The results showed that Speigler’s mullet has a negative allometric growth indicating growth of fish length

  15. PEMANFAATAN ZAT WARNA ALAM DARI LIMBAH PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT DAN KAKAO SEBAGAI BAHAN PEWARNA KAIN BATIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titiek Pujilestari

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKPenelitian pemanfaatan limbah perkebunan kelapa sawit dan kakao sebagai bahan pewarna pada batik bertujuan untuk menggali sumber daya alam limbah perkebunan yang belum dimanfaatkan dan mencoba bahan baku baru untuk pewarna batik. Limbah perkebunan cangkang kelapa sawit dan kulit buah kakao merupakan sisa hasil proses pengolahan yang tidak termasuk dalam produk utama yang dianggap berpotensi menjadi beban pencemaran lingkungan jika tidak dikelola dengan baik. Kegiatan ini dibatasi pada pengambilan zat warna dari cangkang kelapa sawit dan kulit buah kakao dengan memakai pelarut air dan pelarut organik. Zat warna alam yang diperoleh digunakan sebagai pewarna pembatikan pada kain katun dan sutera. Fiksasi dilakukan dengan tiga jenis fiksator yaitu tawas, kapur dan tunjung. Pewarnaan dilakukan pada kain katun dan sutera dengan sistem celupan dingin sebanyak enam kali. Pengujian dilakukan terhadap ketahanan luntur warna akibat pencucian dan gosokan, arah dan beda warna. Hasil pengujian ketahanan luntur warna terhadap pencucian dan gosokan rata-rata menunjukan hasil cukup sampai baik sekali (3-5. Nilai kelunturan warna terhadap pencucian pada kain katun dengan pewarna cangkang kelapa sawit lebih baik daripada kulit buah kakao. Arah warna cangkang kelapa sawit menunjukkan warna coklat muda sampai coklat tua, sedang kulit buah kakao memberikan arah warna abu-abu sampai coklat tua. Pembacaan uji beda warna diperoleh rata-rata warna berada pada daerah antara kuning ke merah. Kata Kunci: cangkang kelapa sawit, kulit buah kakao, warna alam, batik  ABSTRACTUtilization of plantation waste as batik dyes research aims to explore the plantation waste potential asraw materials for batik dyeing. Plantation waste of palmkernel shell and cocoa fruit peel are side products of the main process thatbecome environmental pollution if not managed properly. This activity is restricted to making dyes from palmkernel shells and cocoa fruit peel by using water

  16. PEMANFAATAN SUMBER BELAJAR BERBASIS CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING DALAM UPAYA PENINGKATAN KUALITAS PEMBELAJARAN FISIKA UMUM I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Nurdin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan tentang bagaimana  nilai pemberian tugas  dan hasil belajar serta aktivitas  mahasiswa selama perkuliahan  Fisika Umum I melalu pemanfaatan sumber belajar berbasis CTL. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian tindakan kelas, sampel penelitian adalah mahasiswa pendidikan fisika kelas C angkatan 2010/2011 sebanyak 36 orang yang mengikuti matakuliah Fisika Umum I. Instrumen yang digunakan selama penelitian adalah; (1 tes hasil belajar, (2 lembar aktivitas.(3 tugas- tugas yang diambil dari buku-buku pada  perpustakan dan tugas yang ada  pada bahan ajar, (4 membuat riset mini di laboratorium. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan dua siklus yakni siklus I meliputi materi vektor dan kinematika partikel, sedangkan pada siklus kedua meliputi materi dinamika partikel.Hasil penelitian diperoleh aktivititas belajar mahasiswa Fisika Umum I, termasuk katagori  baik (81,59, sedangkan hasil belajar yang dicapai pada siklus I cenderung berada pada tingkat katagori cukup baik (71,94, dan hasil belajar pada siklus II cenderung berada pada tingkat katagori baik (82,13. Melalui inovasi pembelajaran dengan model pembelajaran melalui  pengoptimalan pemanfatan penggunaan sumber belajar berbasis CTL cukup baik untuk mengefektifkan dan memberi pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap hasil belajar perkuliahan Fisika Umum I. This study describes the marks of assignment, student learning outcomes and activities for General Physics I course through the use of CTL-based learning resources. This classroom action research used sample of 36 students of physics education-class C, academic year 2010/2011taking  the course of General Physics I. The instruments used for the study were: (1 achievement test, (2 the activity sheet, (3 assignments that were taken from books in the library and there was the assignment of teaching materials, and (4a mini research in the laboratory. This study used two cycles: the first

  17. PEMANFAATAN KULIT KAYU ANGSANA (Pterocarpus indicus SEBAGAI SUMBER ZAT WARNA ALAM PADA PEWARNAAN KAIN BATIK SUTERA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Wiji Lestari

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian pemanfaatan kulit kayu angsana (Pterocarpus indicus sebagai sumber zat warna alam untuk pewarnaan kain batik sutera. Ekstraksi ZWA dilakukan dengan pelarut air dengan variasi suhu ekstraksi 75 °C dan 100 °C. Pewarnaan zat warna alam kemudian diaplikasikan pada kain batik sutera pada kondisi pencelupan asam (pH 4 dan basa (pH 10. Mordan awal yang digunakan adalah tawas dan jirak. Diakhir pewarnaan alam dilakukan fiksasi dengan menggunakan tawas dan tunjung. Berdasar hasil penelitian, kulit kayu angsana terbukti dapat digunakan sebagai sumber zat warna alam untuk batik sutera. Ketuaan warna paling tinggi diperoleh pada pewarnaan batik sutera dengan menggunakan mordan jirek pada suhu ekstraksi 100 °C dalam kondisi pencelupan basa dengan fiksator tunjung. Arah warna yang dihasilkan adalah coklat tua pada suasana pencelupan asam dengan fiksasi tunjung, coklat kemerahan pada suasana  pencelupan asam fiksasi tawas, coklat kemerahan pada suasana  pencelupan basa fiksasi tawas dan coklat tanah pada suasana  pencelupan basa dengan fiksasi tunjung. Hasil uji ketahanan luntur warna terhadap pencucian dari sampel pewarnaan menunjukkan kualitas baik yaitu pada skala 4-5 (Baik. Study on utilizationof angsana (Pterocarpus indicus as natural dye for silk batik has been conducted. The study was aimed to determine the quality of the natural dyeing of the bark of angsana by use jirak (Symplocos fasciculata Zoll. and alum as the natural mordant. Extraction of natural dye was carried out using water by varying the extraction temperature of 75 and 100 °C. The coloration was applied to silk batik at both acid (pH 4 and basic (pH 6 impregnations. The mordant employed  were alum and jirak. The last stage was fixation using alum and ferrosulfate. Based on the results, angsana was proved to be used as a source of natural dyes for silk batik. The highest color intensity was obtained by using angsana bark extract and jirak as mordant at

  18. STATUS PEMANFAATAN DAN MUSIM PENANGKAPAN IKAN TENGGIRI (Scomberomorus spp. DI LAUT JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamaluddin Kasim

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Ikan tenggiri (Scomberomorus spp. di Laut Jawa merupakan jenis ikan pelagis ekonomis penting yang banyak dieksploitasi karena permintaan dan harga yang tinggi. Agar pengelolaan dapat dilakukan dengan benar maka   diperlukan informasi mengenai status pemanfaatan dan musim penangkapannya. Data primer untuk  penelitian ini diperoleh dengan metode wawancara sedangkan data sekunder dikumpulkan melalui pencatatan hasil tangkapan ikan tenggiri periode 1999-2012 oleh enumerator di PPN Pekalongan dan kajian hasil peneitian terdahulu. Metode analisis model surplus produksi dan indeks musim penangkapan digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY ikan tenggiri di Laut Jawa sebesar 438 ton sedangkan effort maksimum sebesar 1000 trip setara jaring insang (gill net < 30 GT. Nilai CPUE cenderung menurun selama periode tahun 1999 hingga tahun 2012 yakni sebesar 1,73 ton/trip pada tahun 2005 menjadi hanya sebesar 0,37 ton/trip pada tahun 2011. Indeks musim Penangkapan (IMP menunjukkan bahwa ikan tenggiri melimpah pada periode Maret sampai dengan Juni dan periode Oktober hingga Desember sepanjang tahun. Narrow-barred spanish mackerel (Scomberomorous commerson is an economically important pelagic species in Java Sea that continue to be exploited due to the high demand and prices. The research regarding status of utilization and fishing season was conducted in order to obtain the optimal efforts and sustainable management. The research was conducted through interviews method to fishermen while the secondary data collected during the period of 1999-2012 through field enumerators in PPN Pekalongan as well as reviewing previous research studies. The results showed that Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY was 243.5 tons, while the maximum effort as much as 1000 trips equivalent to gill nets. Catch Per Unit Effort (CPUE was declined during the period 1999 through 2012 of 0.251 tons / trip in 2005 became 0.052 tons

  19. PEMANFAATAN UNSUR-UNSUR ARSITEKTUR RUMAH TRADISIONAL SEBAGAI UPAYA MENEGASKAN IDENTITAS PADA BANGUNAN MODERN DI KUDUS

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    Rofian -

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Kabupaten Kudus memiliki rumah tradisional yang disebut joglo pencu. Memiliki ciri khas, keunikan tersendiri yang menjadikan sebagai ciri identitas kabupaten Kudus. Masyarakat Kudus memiliki kewajiban untuk menjaga dan melestarikan warisan ini,  namun dengan berbagai permasalah yang ada dan temuan-temuan dilapangan bahwa masyarakat kabupaten Kudus memiliki cara tersendiri dalam melestarikan rumah tradisional Kudus dengan cara memanfaatkan unsur-unsur tradisi yang diaplikasikan pada bangunan-bangunan modern. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan mendeskripsikan hasil temuan dilapangan. Hasil penelitian menjelaskan wujud pemanfaatan unsur-unsur seni arsitektur rumah tradisional Kudus pada bangunan modern di Kudus adalah dengan cara mengambil beberapa unsur-unsur pada rumah tradisional Kudus diataranya adalah: (1 bagian atap dan tiang penyangga / joglo pencu dan tumpang sari,  (2 gebyog jagasatru, (3 pintu gebyog jagasatru, (4 tiang pengapit gebyog dan jendela gapura. Alasan yang dikemukakan oleh beberapa masyarakat adalah bagaimana cara mereka melestarikan rumah tradisional Kudus. Inilah yang menjadi pilihan bagi masyarakat kabupaten Kudus dalam memberikan tekanan pada bangunan-bangunan modern yang dibuatnya. Kudus regency has a traditional house called joglo pencu.  Has a characteristic , unique to make a feature the district 's identity of Kudus. Society of Kudus has an obligation to protect and preserve this heritage, but with the various problems that exist and findings in the field that the community Kudus regency has its own way of preserving traditional houses of Kudus  by utilizing elements of tradition applied to modern buildings. The study used a qualitative approach to describe the findings of the field. The results of the study describes the use of a form of art elements of traditional architecture of the Kudus in modern buildings by taking some elements of the traditional home of the Kudus, including : (1 the roof

  20. PENERAPAN PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS SAINS BUDAYA LOKAL NGASEUP PADA KONSEP SISTEM REPRODUKSI MANUSIA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA KELAS XI SMAN 1 MAJA

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    Ade Idrus Hariri

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengasah kemampuan siswa dalam  menganalisis,  mengkritisi dan  mengaitkan  konsep  yang dipelajari di sekolah dengan  kebudayaan  lokal  yang  berkembang  di masyarakat agar siswa memperoleh pemahaman mendalam terhadap konsep yang dipelajarinya. Tujuan penelitian ini mengkaji 1 aktivitas belajar siswa, 2 peningkatan keterampilan berpikir kritis (KBK siswa, dan 3 respon siswa terhadap penerapan pembelajaran berbasis sains budaya lokal ngaseup. Penelitian dilaksanakan dari bulan April sampai Mei 2016. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas XI MIPA SMAN 1 Maja. Sampel terdiri dari 30 siswa kelas XI MIPA 3 sebagai kelas eksperimen dan 30 siswa kelas XI MIPA 1 sebagai kelas kontrol. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah pretest-posttest control group design dengan teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan tes, observasi dan angket. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan software SPSS 17.0. Hasil penelitian menunjukan 1 aktivitas belajar siswa kelas eksperimen lebih baik dari kelas kontrol; 2 KBK siswa kelas eksperimen dan kontrol meningkat, rata-rata N-Gain kelas eksperimen sebesar 0,56 dan rata-rata N-Gain kelas kontrol sebesar 0,47. Hasil uji statistik mnghasilkan sig. 0,001 < 0,05, artinya Ho ditolak dan Ha diterima; 3 respon siswa terhadap pembelajaran berbasis sains budaya lokal ngaseup termasuk dalam kriteria sangat kuat. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini yaitu 1 terdapat perbedaan peningkatan KBK siswa yang signifikan antara kelas eksperimen dan kontrol, 2 aktivitas belajar siswa di kelas eksperimen jauh lebih baik dari kelas kontrol, 3 siswa memberi respon positif terhadap pembelajaran berbasis sains budaya lokal ngaseup.  Kata kunci : Sains Budaya Lokal, Ngaseup, Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis.

  1. Hydrothermal minerals

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Nath, B.N.

    flux. Circulation of seawater through the oceanic crust and upper mantle gives rise to a complex series of physical and chemical reactions that lead to the 1) formation of seafloor mineral deposits; 2) alteration of oceanic crust; 3) control... temperature in the high-temperature reaction zone near the heat source. Important parameters in determining the high- temperature fluid composition are • pressure, • temperature, • water/rock ratio, • rock composition, • recharge fluid...

  2. PENGARUH ETHNOSENTRISME TERHADAP SIKAP, PREFERENSI DAN PERILAKU PEMBELIAN BUAH LOKAL DAN IMPOR

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    Popy Anggasari

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe purpose of this research were to 1 analyze the effect of ethnocentrism towards income and educational level; 2 analyze the effect of ethnocentrism on consumers' attitudes; 3 analyze the effect of ethnocentrism on purchasing behavior; 4 analyze the effect of ethnocentrism on consumers’ preferences; and 5 formulate marketing strategies of local fruits. The study used a survey approach with descriptive study design and cross sectional study. Data were collected through questionnaires with non probability sampling technique using convenience sampling technique. Consumer ethnocentrism was measured by the consumer ethnocentrism scale. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The results of this study showed that 49,33% of respondents had medium ethnocentrism level. Ethnocentrism has a positive and significant relationship to preferences and buying behavior. Strategy recommendations were made based on the research findings. The fruits need to be segmented by the grade; higher price should be given to the fruit with good quality and attractive appearance, while fruits with lower quality should be given appropriate price.Keywords:  ethnocentrism, attitude, preference, purchasing behavior, fruits, structural equation modeling (SEMABSTRAKTujuan daripenelitian ini adalah 1 menganalisis pengaruh hubungan ethnosentrisme terhadap pendapatan dan tingkat pendidikan, 2 menganalisis pengaruh etnosentrisme untuk sikap konsumen, 3 menganalisis pengaruh etnosentrisme untuk perilaku pembelian, 4 menganalisis pengaruh etnosentrisme untuk konsumen preferensi, dan 5 merumuskan strategi pemasaran buah-buahan lokal. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan survei dengan desain penelitian deskriptif dan cross sectional study. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui pengisian kuesioner dengan teknik nonprobability sampling technique menggunakan metode convenience sampling. Etnosentrisme konsumen diukur dengan consumer ethnocentrism scale. Data dianalisis

  3. Isolasi dan Karakterisasi Sifat Pati Kacang Hijau (Vigna radiata L. Beberapa Varietas Lokal Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priyanto Triwitono

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Mung beans is a kind of legumes that possesses a potential  amylose to produce low calories RS-3. Studies on the characteristics of the starch will be useful for the treatment of obesity in the future. Isolation and characterization of the properties of mung bean starch of 4 local Indonesian varieties (Walet, Sriti, Murai, and Vima-1 have done. Isolation of starch using a modified method of Hoover. The analyzed properties of starch consist of starch content, amylose content, granular shape, color, swelling power, WHC, the blue value, amylograph and crystallinity properties. The results indicated that the mung bean varieties Walet have the highest amylose content (55.39%, that’s potential as source of  RS-3. Mung beans Walet have the 42.11% of starch content; 35.33% of yield starch; 99.63%  of starch purity; 17.11 g/g of highest swelling power; 65.26 g/g of WHC; 59.36 g/g  of OHC; 8.92% of blue value; Oval granular shape; white  color (88.09 of  Lightness; 78.7 °C of gelatinization temperature; tipe C of X-ray diffraction pattern, and 1430 Cp of the fastest retrograded starch viscosity. ABSTRAK Kacang hijau merupakan jenis kacang-kacangan sumber pati beramilosa tinggi yang potensial menghasilkan RS-3 tinggi dan rendah kalori. Kajian tentang karakteristik patinya akan membuka peluang pemanfaatannya untuk penanganan obesitas di masa datang. Telah dilakukan isolasi dan karakterisasi sifat-sifat pati kacang hijau dari 4 varietas lokal Indonesia (Walet, Sriti, Murai, dan Vima-1. Isolasi pati menggunakan metode Hoover yang dimodifikasi dan sifat-sifat pati yang dianalisis meliputi kadar pati, amilosa, bentuk granula, warna pati, swelling power, WHC, blue value, viskositas, dan sifat kristalinitas pati. Hasil isolasi dan analisis menunjukkan bahwa kacang hijau varietas Walet memiliki kadar amilosa paling tinggi (55,39%, sehingga potensial sebagai bahan dasar RS-3. Kacang hijau Walet menghasilkan kadar pati 42,11%; rendemen pati 35

  4. ISLAM, KEARIFAN LOKAL, DAN KONTEKSTUALISASI PENDIDIKAN: Kelenturan, Signifikansi, dan Implikasi Edukatifnya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmud Arif

    2015-08-01

    berguna untuk menguatkan kohesi sosial dan mengurai masalah bersama disebut kearifan lokal. Kedudukan penting kebiasaan tercermin dalam salah satu kaidah hukum Islam yang populer, al-Ādah Muh}akkamah (kebiasaan adalah dasar penetapan hukum. Oleh sebab itu, para ahli fikih menerima kebiasaan dengan segala kebebasannya selama tidak bertentangan dengan teks. Dengan demikian, relasi teks dengan realitas, termasuk di dalamnya kebiasaan, bersifat dialogis-dialektis. Semenjak awal, proses Islamisasi memang menunjukkan apresiasi yang tinggi terhadap kearifan tradisi/budaya lokal. Uka Tjandrasasmita menilai akulturasi kebudayaan di Nusantara dapat dilihat pada proses Islamisasinya, seperti dijalankan para Wali Songo. Pola dakwah Wali Songo ternyata diejawantahkan ulang melalui sistem pendidikan di banyak pesantren, antara lain Pesantren Tegalrejo yang memilih untuk menggunakan kebudayaan lokal berupa kesenian populer Jawa untuk merangkul kaum abangan.  Keywords: Kelenturan Islam, akulturasi, kearifan lokal, kontekstualisasi pendidikan

  5. MENGENAL ARSITEKTUR LOKAL: KONSTRUKSI RUMAH KAYU DI TEPIAN SUNGAI KAPUAS, PONTIANAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lestari .

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Keberadaan sungai Kapuas sebagai sumber kehidupan dan jalur transportasi air, memunculkan permukiman-permukiman di tepian sungai Kapuas.Rumah-rumah yang berada di pemukiman tepian sungai Kapuas umumnya didirikan langsung di tepian sungai Kapuas.Rumah tersebut sebagian besar berupa rumah kayu yang terhubung dengan gertak-gertak sebagai jalur penghubung antar rumah.Konstruksi rumah kayu ini menarik untuk diamati mengingat keadaan tepian sungai perlu diselesaikan oleh bangunan agar tetap bertahan.Tulisan ini memaparkan kontruksi rumah kayu pada salah satu kasus daerah tepian sungai kapuas. Daerah kasus yang diambil adalah Kelurahan Bansir Laut, Kecamatan Pontianak Tenggara, Kota Pontianak.Dalam tulisan ini dipaparkan konstruksi kayu berdasarkan bagian-bagian rumah mulai dari pondasi, rangka, dinding, sampai atap.Terdapat beberapa tipe konstruksi pada kasus yang diteliti.Pertimbangan umum terletak pada kemudahan konstruksi, tampilan atau fasad dan lokasi keberadaan rumah   The existence of the Kapuas river as a source of life and water transportation, led to settlements growth on side the Kapuas river. The houses are located on side Kapuas river are generally directly constructed at the river. The houses  mostly made of wood which connected by wooden bridge as connecting lines between houses. Construction of wooden houseis interesting to be identifiedbecause the building must bedurable with the condition around the river. This paper describes the wooden houses construction in one case area of the Kapuas riverside. Case study is taken at Kelurahan Bansir Laut, South East Pontianak District. In this paper described the wooden construction : the foundation, frame, wall, and the roof. There are several types of construction in the cases studied. General considerations is the ease of construction, appearance or facade and location of the house. REFERENCES Abdurachman., Nurwati Hadjib. (2006. Pemanfaatan Kayu Hutan Rakyat Untuk Komponen Bangunan

  6. Pemanfaatan serat silicon carbon dan partikel alumina pada matrik aluminium untuk meningkatkan sifat mekanis material komposit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ketut Suarsana

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Pemanfaatan penguat material komposit berbasis serat dan juga partikel pada pembuatan bahan komposit sekarang ini sangatpotensial untuk dikembangkan dan diteliti. Beragam sumber serat dan juga penguat dalam bentuk partikel bisa didapat dari seratalami dari tumbuh-tubuhan dan juga serat yang sudah dikenakan perlakuan sebelumnya. Indonesia memiliki potensi sumberalam yang sangat potensial terutama sebgai sumber serat dari tumbuhan juga berupa logam aluminium (bauxite dari fosil.Bahan ini dapat dimanfaatkan untuk kebutuhan masyarakat industri sebagai bahan dasar pembuatan komposit bermatrikAluminium dan sebagai penguat berupa serat maupun partikel alumina. Metode pembuatan Aluminum Matrix Composite (AMCdengan proses metalurgi serbuk pada gaya tekan/kompaksi 2,5 ton mengunakan alat press hydrolik, waktu penahanan 15menit, serta proses perlakuan pada variasi komposisi berat (%wt. Variasi komposisi penguat serat Silicon Carbon (SiC danAl2O3 (alumina pada matrik Aluminium adalah : 30% SiC + 0% Al203, 27% SiC + 3% Al203, 24% SiC + 6% Al203 dan 21% SiC+ 9% Al203 dengan matrik 70% Al, pada kondisi tempertaur 500oC, 550oC dan 600oC. Setelah material komposit terbentuk, diujiuntuk mengetahui sifat mekanik akibat pengaruh variasi komposisi antara matrik dan penguatan pada komposit. Uji karakteristikdilakukan di laboratorium untuk menggetahui sifat kekuatan dan kekerasan material komposit. Selanjutnya dicari hubunganantara sifat masing-masing komposisi penguat serat SiC dan Al2O3 pembentuk komposit yang dibuat untuk mengetahui manfaatdari penguat serat dan partikel alumina.Kata Kunci: Sifat kekuatan, kekerasan, serat SiC dan Al2O3 Abstract: Utilization reinforcement fiber-based composite material and particles in the manufacture of composite materials now havepotential to be developed and researched. Various sources of fiber and reinforcement in particle form can be obtained fromnatural fibers from plants and fiber that has been subjected to a

  7. Studi Kemampuan Tanaman Rumah dalam Penyerapan Panas Matahari untuk Mengatasi Panas Lokal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Syuhada

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Energi matahari sangat dibutuhkan oleh seluruh makhluk hidup untuk berbagai macamkeperluan kehidupan. Pemakaian dengan jumlah yang tepat untuk setiap makhluk hidupmerupakan usaha untuk kelangsungan hidupnya. Tetapi apabila berlebihan akan sangatmengganggu kenyamanan thermal hidupnya. Banyaknya keluhan dari masyarakat yangmengatakan bahwa keadaan cuaca semakin panas khususnya di perkotaan, keadaan ini terjadiakibat tidak seimbangnya banyak bangunan dan jumlah tanaman yang ada sehingga penyerappanas radiasi yang dipancarkan matahari berkurang drastis. Untuk mengurangiketidaknyamanan thermal lokal di Banda Aceh dan sekitarnya dilakukan dengan caramemperbanyak pepohonan, dimulai dari lingkungan pekarangan rumah masing-masing, tamankota maupun taman-taman pekarangan rumah, sehingga akan tercipta kenyamanan thermal dilingkungan sekitarnya, karena fungsi tanaman adalah menguraikan karbondioksida menjadiOksigen serta menyerap panas matahari yang digunakan pada proses fotosintesis. Untukmemilih tanaman yang akan di tanam di pekarangan rumah supaya dapat mengurangi panas,diperlukan pengetahuan tentang kemampuannya tanaman dalam menyerap panas matahari.Karena itulah perlu kajian untuk mengetahui jenis tanaman yang paling banyak menyerappanas akibat radiasi matahari. Tanaman yang dikaji adalan tanaman yang biasa ditanam olehmasyarakat disekitar rumahnya seperti tanaman melinjo, jeruk nipis, mangga dan jambu.Manfaat yang diharapkan dari penelitian ini adalah dapat memberikan informasi bagimasyarakat khususnya di Banda Aceh tentang kemampuan masing-masing tanaman dalammenyerap panas untuk kenyamanan thermal di linkungan perumahan, dan tanaman mana yanglayak dan bagus untuk menjadikan suasana rumah sejuk dan nyaman terhadap panas.Kata kunci: panas, matahari, tanaman, kenyamanan termal Solar energy is needed by all living beings for various purposes of life. The use of the rightamount for every living being is an attempt for survival. But it would be very

  8. Dyrkning af jatropha blandt småbønder i Mozambique - En strategi til reduceret CO2-udledning og lokal udvikling?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Laura Vang

    2010-01-01

    I Cabo Delgado-regionen i det nordlige Mozambique er småbønder inden for de sidste tre år begyndt at dyrke biobrændselsafgrøden jatropha. Bønderne har plantet jatrophatræer som hække langs de eksisterende majsmarker. Da dyrkningen af jatropha anses for en strategi til at skabe lokal udvikling i...

  9. KAJIAN PEMANFAATAN TEPUNG JAHE (Zingiber officinale Rose DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP LEMAK ABDOMINAL DAN KADAR KOLESTEROLDARAH ITIK BALI AFKIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. G. B. Yadnya

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pemanfaatan tepung jahe (Zingiber officinale Rose dalam ransumterhadap lemak abdominal dan kolesterol darah itik bali afkir. Menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok (RAK,dengan empat perlakuan, yaitu ransum tanpa tepung jahe (A, ransum mengandung 2,91% tepung jahe (B,ransum mengandung 5,66% tepung jahe (C, dan ransum mengandung 8,26% tepung jahe (D. Setiap perlakuanterdiri atas lima kelompok, dan setiap kelompok berisi empat ekor itik bali afkir. Variabel yang diamati meliputikonsumsi ransum dan serat kasar, kadar kolesterol darah, dan lemak abdominal. Hasil penelitian menunjukkanbahwa pemberian pemberian 2,91% dan 5,66% tepung jahe dalam ransum tidak berpengaruh terhadap konsumsiransum (P>0,05, namun dengan pemberian 8,26% dapat menurunkan konsumsi ransum secara nyata (P<0,05,jika dibandingkan dengan perlakuan yang lainnya dan disertai dengan penurunan konsumsi serat kasar (P<0,05.Pemberian 2,91%, 5,66%, dan 8,26% tepung jahe dalam ransum dapat menurunkan lemak abdominal dankolesterol darah secara nyata (P<0,05 dibandingkan dengan pemberian perlakuan kontrol. Dari hasil penelitiandapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian tepung jahe dalam ransum dapat menurunkan jumlah lemak abdominal dankolesterol darah itik bali afkir.

  10. ANALISIS PEMANFAATAN JEJARING SOSIAL UNTUK PENENTUAN KONSENTRASI MAHASISWA DENGAN METODE SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS (Studi Kasus: Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Risky Aswi R

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Analisis pemanfaatan  jejaring  sosial untuk penentuan konsentrasi mahasiswa dengan metode sosial network analysis. Tujuan dibangun sistem ini untuk menentukan konsentrasi mahasiswa dengan pendekatan Sosial Network Analisis Studi Kasus Jejaring Sosial Facebook dan mampu memanfaatkan facebook sebagai alat untuk menentukan konsentrasi mahasiswa jurusan teknik informatika menjadi tiga bagian yaitu pemrograman, jaringan, dan multimedia. Batasan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah penelitian ini hanya berlaku pada mahasiswa yang memiliki akun facebook. Penelitian ini menggunakan Social Network Analysis untuk mencari between centrality.Pada tahap pertama setiap akun akan dilihat relasinya setelah itu hubungan antar akun akan dimasukan ke node XL dan akan menghasilkan between centrality. Mahasiswa yang melanjutkan proses selanjutnya adalah mahasiswa yang nilai betweent centralitynya 85% teratas. Setelah itu akan ditambahkan variabel group yang digunakan untuk mengkelompokan peminatan, dan ditambahkan variabel nilai akademis untuk menguatkan pendapat yang diperoleh sebelumnya.Dengan cara melihat between centrality dan menambahkan variabel group untuk membagi siswa sesuai konsentrasi, dan memabahkan variabel nilai akademik untuk memperkuat pendapat. Sosial network analysis terbukti dapat menentukan konsentrasi mahaiswa. Facebook dapat digunakan sebagai alat untuk menentukan konsentrasi mahasiswa, konsentrasi mahasiswa dibagi menjadi pemrograman, jaringan, dan multimedia. Kata Kunci : Jejaring Sosial, Social Network Analysis, between centrality

  11. PEMANFAATAN PTERIDOPHYTA KAWASAN HUTAN PACET TAMAN HUTAN RAYA (TAHURA RADEN SOERJO KECAMATAN PACET KABUPATEN MOJOKERTO SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR BIOLOGI SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neni Lusiana

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui Pteridophyta apa saja yang terdapat di kawasan Hutan Pacet Taman Hutan Raya Raden Soerjo Kecamatan Pacet Kabupaten Mojokerto dan bagaimana klasifikasinya, serta untuk mengetahui implementasi hasil penelitian Pteridophyta agar dapat digunakan sebagai sumber belajar biologi SMA. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah jenis penelitian deskriptif. Penelitian di laksanakan di dua tempat, pengambilan sampel Pteridophyta dilaksanakan di kawasan hutan Pacet Taman Hutan Raya Raden Soerjo Kecamatan Pacet Kabupaten Mojokerto pada koordinat S 07o44’00” – S 07o42’10” dan E 112o31’30” – E 112o32’30”. Pengambilan sampel tumbuhan paku yang terestrial maupun epifit pada penelitian ini menggunakan metode jelajah (cruise methods. Sedangkan pemanfaatan hasil penelitian Pteridophyta di kawasan ini yaitu berupa modul yang divalidasi dilakukan oleh guru biologi di SMAN 2 Batu. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ditemukan sebanyak 57 jenis Pteridophyta yang termasuk dalam 3 kelas. Ditemukan 3 jenis dari kelas Lycopodiinae, 1 jenis dari kelas Equisetinae, dan 53 jenis dari kelas Filicinae. Penggunaan Pteridophyta untuk sumber belajar di sekolah dalam bentuk modul dengan pemberian soal-soal dan pemberian tugas proyek membuat herbarium.

  12. Minerals Yearbook, volume I, Metals and Minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ,

    2018-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Minerals Yearbook discusses the performance of the worldwide minerals and materials industries and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. Content of the individual Minerals Yearbook volumes follows:Volume I, Metals and Minerals, contains chapters about virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. Chapters on survey methods, summary statistics for domestic nonfuel minerals, and trends in mining and quarrying in the metals and industrial mineral industries in the United States are also included.Volume II, Area Reports: Domestic, contains a chapter on the mineral industry of each of the 50 States and Puerto Rico and the Administered Islands. This volume also has chapters on survey methods and summary statistics of domestic nonfuel minerals.Volume III, Area Reports: International, is published as four separate reports. These regional reports contain the latest available minerals data on more than 180 foreign countries and discuss the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations and the United States. Each report begins with an overview of the region’s mineral industries during the year. It continues with individual country chapters that examine the mining, refining, processing, and use of minerals in each country of the region and how each country’s mineral industry relates to U.S. industry. Most chapters include production tables and industry structure tables, information about Government policies and programs that affect the country’s mineral industry, and an outlook section.The USGS continually strives to improve the value of its publications to users. Constructive comments and suggestions by readers of the Minerals Yearbook are welcomed.

  13. Laboratory of minerals purification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    The laboratory of minerals purification was organized in 1962 where with application of modern physical and chemical methods were investigated the mechanism of flotation reagents interaction with minerals' surface, was elaborated technologies on rising complexity of using of republic's minerals

  14. DISAIN STRUKTURAL DALAM PERSPEKTIF KEARIFAN LOKAL PADA RUMAH TRADISIONAL MELAYU KOTA SAMBAS KALIMANTAN BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zairin Zain

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Rumah itu dibangun untuk memenuhi kebutuhan fisik dan spiritual bagi penghuni. Ini berarti bahwa fungsi rumah secara fisik dibangun untuk mempertahankan hidup mereka dari ancaman lingkungan seperti iklim, cuaca atau hewan liar, sementara rumah juga diperuntukkan untuk kebutuhan rohani mereka dengan memfasilitasi interaksi antara penghuni di rumah atau interaksi dengan orang di luar rumah. Untuk itu, menarik untuk mendalami kearifan lokal  yang hidup di  masyarakat tradisional di Kota  Sambas Kalimantan Barat, melalui pemahaman disain struktural  dari  elemen-elemen  tempat tinggal tersebut. Disain struktural bangunan dikerjakan dalam memenuhi tujuan-tujuan untuk  safety,  values,  fitness,  compatibility  dan  flexibility. Dari hasil penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa disain struktural rumah tradisional Melayu di kota Sambas dibangun dengan  Tujuan  Safety  diperoleh dari keadaan yang memperhatikan kedominanan, proporsi dan keseimbangan; Tujuan Value diperoleh dari perhatian terhadap konstruksi ruang, keterhubungan ruang, susunan dan perletakan kolom; Tujuan Fitness diperoleh dari pemilihan dan pola struktur; Tujuan Compatibility diperoleh dari perhatian terhadap pemilihan material, orientasi bangunan dan bentuk-bentuk struktur ruang; sedangkan Tujuan Flexibility diperoleh dari susunan dan keterkaitan ruang serta pemilihan sistem struktur.   The house was built to meet the physical and spiritual needs of the occupants. This means that the physical functions of house was bulit to maintain their living from environmental threats such as climate, weather or wild animals, while the house as well intended for their spiritual needs to facilitating the interaction between the occupants in the house or interaction with people outside the house. For that, it is interesting to explore the local wisdom that growing in traditional people of the Sambas town West Kalimantan, through an understanding of the structural design of the

  15. South Africa's mineral industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1985-06-01

    The main aim of the Minerals Bureau in presenting this annual review is to provide an up-to-date reference document on the current state of the mineral industry in South Africa. This includes a brief look at the production, trade, economy, resources and deposits of precious metals and minerals, energy minerals, metallic minerals, and non-metallic minerals. One article discusses the production, trade, export, deposits and economy of uranium

  16. Local ablative radiotherapy of oligometastatic colorectal cancer; Moeglichkeiten der lokal-ablativen Bestrahlung (SBRT) bei metastasiertem kolorektalem Karzinom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petersen, C. [Universitaetsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Klinik fuer Strahlentherapie und Radioonkologie, Hamburg (Germany); Universitaetsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Ambulanzzentrum, Hamburg (Germany); Gauer, T. [Universitaetsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Klinik fuer Strahlentherapie und Radioonkologie, Hamburg (Germany)

    2017-02-15

    nur eingeschraenkt anwendbar. Die stereotaktische Bestrahlung ist eine strahlentherapeutische Technik, mit der in wenigen Sitzungen und sehr geringer Toxizitaet eine lang anhaltende Metastasenkontrolle erreicht werden kann. Was ist die Evidenz zur stereotaktischen Bestrahlung von Patienten mit metastasiertem kolorektalem Karzinom? Wie ist der Einfluss der SBRT auf die lokale Kontrolle von Leber- und Lungenmetastasen. Welche Nebenwirkungen koennen auftreten. Literatursuche nach prospektiven und retrospektiven Studien. Die stereotaktische Radiotherapie bei Patienten mit metastasiertem kolorektalem Karzinom ist eine valide Therapieoption und sollte in der klinischen Praxis als Alternative zur Metastasenchirurgie und anderen lokal ablativen Verfahren erwogen werden. (orig.)

  17. Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) for locally advanced or recurrent renal cell carcinoma; Intraoperative Radiotherapie (IORT) lokal ausgedehnter und rezidivierter Nierenzellkarzinome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eble, M.J.; Wannenmacher, M. [Radiologische Klinik, Ruprecht-Karls-Univ. Heidelberg (Germany); Staehler, G. [Urologische Klinik, Ruprecht-Karls-Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)

    1998-01-01

    In a pilot study the role of intraoperative radiotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced or recurrent renal cell cacinomas was analysed. From January 1992 to July 1994 11 patients with a primary (n=3) or recurrent renal cell carcinoma had IORT. One patient had complete resection and in 3 respectively 7 patients microscopically or macroscopically residual disease was left. Using 6 to 10 MeV, a single dose of 15 to 20 Gy was delivered to the fossa renalis and the corresponding paraaortic area. Based on three-dimensional treatment planning, additional external beam radiotherapy was given 3 to 4 weeks later (40 Gy, 2 Gy SD, 23 mV). After a mean follow-up of 24.3 months 5 patients had died of distant metastases (lung, liver, bone, mediastinum) with a mean survival time of 11.5 months. Mean disease-free interval was 6.4 months. One patient suffered from a second malignancy. Two patients are alive with distant metastases. Local tumor control in the entire group was 100%. The calculated 4-year overall and disease-free survival was 47% and 34%. The postoperative course was affected in 3 patients (abscess n=1, short dehiscence of the abdominal wound n=2). The gastrointestinal toxicity during external beam radiotherapy was low. No IORT-specific late adverse effects were observed. (orig./MG) [Deutsch] In einer Pilotstudie wurde die Wertigkeit der intraoperativen Radiotherapie bei lokal ausgedehnten primaeren oder rezidivierten Nierenzellkarzinomen ueberprueft. Von Januar 1992 bis Juli 1994 konnten bei elf Patienten mit einem primaeren (n=3) oder rezidivierten Nierenzellkarzinom intraoperativ mit 15 bis 20 Gy das Nierenlager und der Paraaortalraum bestrahlt werden. Ein Patient war vollstaendig reseziert, und bei drei bzw. sieben Patienten verblieben mikroskopische bzw. makroskopische Reste. Nach dreidimensionaler Planung wurde perkutan die Dosis mit 40 Gy aufgesaettigt (23 MV, 2 Gy ED). Nach einer mittleren Nachbeobachtung von 24,3 Monaten waren fuenf Patienten nach im

  18. Pengembangan Sistem Informasi Geografis Berbasis Node.JS untuk Pemetaan Mesin dan Tracking Engineer dengan Pemanfaatan Geolocation pada PT IBM Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RACHMAT FAJRIN

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available PT IBM memiliki banyak klien di Indonesia, ini membuat persebaran produk (dalam hal ini mesin atm yang semakin meluas di wilayah Indonesia. Hal ini memicu PT IBM untuk menempatkan engineer dibanyak wilayah untuk memenuhi kebutuhan services dan maintenance. Untuk itu dalam penelitian ini dikembangkan sebuah sistem informasi geografis untuk pemetaan mesin dan tracking engineer dengan pemanfaatan geolocation yang bertujuan untuk menampilkan peta digital beserta lokasi mesin dan engineer di seluruh Indonesia, yang akan memudahkan PT IBM dalam pemberian tugas kepada engineer untuk services dan maintenance ke lokasi mesin terdekat. Sistem ini dibangun menggunakan beberapa software open source yaitu, Node.JS dan Express.JS yang merupakan server-side javascript web platform, Handlebars untuk template engine, MySQL sebagai database storage, Postman yang berfungsi sebagai API (Application Program Interface testing, Google Maps API untuk implementasi peta digital dan juga Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM untuk platform mengirim notifikasi dari web ke device engineer.Pengembangan Sistem Informasi Geografis Berbasis Node.JS untuk Pemetaan Mesin dan Tracking Engineer dengan Pemanfaatan Geolocation pada PT IBM Indonesia

  19. Miscellaneous Industrial Mineral Operations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This map layer includes miscellaneous industrial minerals operations in the United States. The data represent commodities covered by the Minerals Information Team...

  20. Minerals from Macedonia: XV. Sivec mineral assemble

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boev, Blazho; Jovanovski, Gligor; Makreski, Petre; Bermanec, Vladimir

    2005-01-01

    The paper presents investigations carried out on the collected minerals from the Sivec deposit. It is situated in the vicinity of the town of Prilep, representing a rare occurrence of sugary white dolomite marbles. The application of suitable methods of exploitation of decorative-dimension stones makes possible to obtain large amounts of commercial blocks well known in the world. Despite the existence of dolomite marbles, a series of exotic minerals are typical in Sivec mineralization. Among them, the most significant are: calcite, fluorite, rutile, phlogopite, corundum, diaspore, almandine, kosmatite (clintonite or margarite), clinochlore, muscovite, quartz, pyrite, tourmaline and zoisite. An attempt to identify ten collected minerals using the FT IR spectroscopy is performed. The identification of the minerals was based on the comparison of the infrared spectra of our specimens with the corresponding literature data for the mineral species originating all over the world. The coloured pictures of all studied silicate minerals are presented as well. (Author)

  1. POLA PEMANFAATAN RUANG PADA SELAMATAN DESA DI PERMUKIMAN PERKOTAAN, STUDI KASUS: SELAMATAN DESA RW IV KELURAHAN JAJAR TUNGGAL SURABAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dahlia Astari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Selamatan desa adalah ritual yang bertujuan untuk mengucapkan rasa syukur atas panen yang melimpah dan menghindarkan diri dari mara bahaya. Di beberapa daerah di Kota Surabaya masih melaksanakan tradisi tersebut terutama di daerah pertanian. Meskipun demikian, RW IV Kelurahan Jajar Tunggal masih mempertahankan tradisi tersebut meskipun kondisi permukiman berada di wilayah padat perkotaan dengan penduduk yang mayoritas beragama Islam dan bekerja di sektor swasta dan bekerja sebagai tukang. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini ingin mengetahui pola pemanfaatan ruang yang terjadi pada pelaksanaan selamatan desa dengan memanfaatkan jalan utama untuk melaksanakan tradisi tersebut. Metode yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif dengan pendekatan behavior mapping dengan pemetaan perilaku yaitu place centered maps. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa pola pemanfaatan ruang di jalan utama kampung berbentuk menyebar dan mengelompok di daerah yang rindang dan dekat dengan warung/toko. Sedangkan pada saat selamatan desa, pusat aktivitas terjadi hampir di sepanjang jalan utama kampung   Selamatan desa is a ritual that aims to create a sense of gratitude for a bountiful harvest and refrain from danger. In some areas in the city of Surabaya still  performs  this tradition, especially in the areas that still have agricultural land. However, RW IV Kelurahan Jajar Tunggal still performs this tradition even though the conditions in the settlements located in the dense urban area with a  Muslim  majority society and livelihood as private sector employees and craftmans. Therefore, this study wants to know the pattern of utilization of space that occurs in Selamatan desa that using the main street for the tradition. The Method used is descriptive qualitative with environment behavior study approach with behavior mapping by place centered maps. The results of this study indicate that the pattern of use of the street in everyday activities shaped with

  2. Local effects of friction between car tyres and roads; Lokale Effekte der Reibung zwischen Pkw-Reifen und Fahrbahn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fach, M.

    2000-07-01

    Local effects of friction in the contact surface of car tyres were measured and interpreted using specially developed or modified emthods of measurement. The sensors were used in test stands and in driving tests. - The results on local sliding and elastic deformations show that interaction of both components governs the friction forces between tyres and roads. Deformation slip and sliding slip occur jointly, leading to a characterstic shape of the friction-slip curve. A closed theory on the characteristics of tyre friction is presented. - Analogies are established between the local effects resulting from frictional load on the tyres and the methods of friction coeffcient analysis using the Darmstadt tyre sensors. The fundmental mechanisms are derived and presented. [German] Die Arbeit beschaeftigt sich mit der Messung und Interpretation lokaler Effekte der Reibung in der Aufstandsflaeche von Pkw-Reifen. Zur Messung dieser Effekte wurden im Rahmen der Arbeit Messmethoden geschaffen bzw. vorhandene Verfahren angepasst. Die Sensorik wurde auf Pruefstaenden und im Fahrversuch eingesetzt. - Die Ergebnisse zum lokalen Gleiten und zu den elastischen Deformationen zeigen, dass ein Zusammenspiel der beiden Komponenten fuer die Auspraegung von Reibkraeften zwischen Reifen und Strasse massgeblich ist. Es entsteht das gemeinsame Auftreten von Deformations- und Gleitschlupf am Reifen und damit das charakteristische Aussehen der Reibwert-Schlupf-Kurve. Eine geschlossene Theorie zur Charakteristik der Reifenreibung wird vorgestellt. - Daneben zeigen sich deutliche Analogien zwischen den lokalen Effekten in Folge von Reibwertbeanspruchung vom Reifen und der Verfahren zur Reibwerterkennung mit Hilfe der Darmstaedter Reifensensorik. Die grundlegenden Mechanismen dafuer werden hergeleitet. (orig.)

  3. Kepemimpinan Desa dan Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Aras Lokal di Tiga Desa Lereng Gunung Ungaran, Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cahyo Seftyono

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The interaction between the village leader or Lurah and citizens can be regarded as a fundamental process. Because, in this level leaders and the led will be interact intensively. This is in contrast to the higher levels of government, for example, at the district level, the city, even at the national level. At this lowest level, interaction and relations, social control, policies, support, and the rejection of the program will often occur. In the context of the wider innovation, village leaders are also required to develop social capital in managing human resource potential that exists. Therefore, the development of village- based management of village, hence, the development effort is the development that relies on strength, characteristics, and independent initiative of the village. Interaksi antara kepala desa atau lurah dan warga di aras lokal dapat dikatakan sebagai proses yang fundamental. Sebab, pada level inilah pemimpin dan yang dipimpin akan bertemudan saling berinteraksi dan berrelasi secara intensif. Hal ini berbeda dengan level pemerintahan yang lebih tinggi, misalnya pada tingkat kecamatan, kabupaten/kota, bahkan pada level nasional. Pada level terendah inilah, interaksi dan relasi, kontrol sosial, kebijakan, dukungan, maupun penolakan pro-gram akan sering terjadi. Dalam konteks inovasi yang lebih luas, pemimpin-pemimpin desa juga di-tuntut untuk mengembangkan modal sosial dalam mengelola potensi sumber daya manusia yang ada. Sebab, pembangunan desa yang dilakukan berbasis pengelolaan sumber daya desa, maka, pem-bangunan yang diupayakan adalah pembangunan yang mengandalkan pada kekuatan, karakteris-tik, dan inisiatif mandiri desa.

  4. Pengembangan Potensi Energi Alternatif Dengan Pemanfaatan Limbah Cair Kelapa Sawit Sebagai Sumber Energi Baru Terbarukan Di Kabupaten Kotawaringin Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulian Mara Alkusma

    2016-10-01

      ABSTRACT Energy has an important role in the development process and ultimately to achieve the objectives of social, economic and environment for as well as an environmental support for national economic activity. Renewable energy source derived from wastewater biogas utilization of oil palm can produce electrical energy which is currently heavily dependent on diesel generators at a cost that mahal.Limbah liquid palm oil (Palm Oil Mill Effluent, or POME is the wastewater that is greasy and non-toxic, derived from the processing of palm oil, but the liquid waste could cause environmental disaster if not used and disposed of in open ponds because it will release large amounts of methane and other harmful gases into the air that cause greenhouse gas emissions. The high content of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD of 50000-70000 mg / l in the liquid waste palm oil provides the potential to be converted into electricity by capturing the biogas (methane gas produced through a series of stages of the purification process. In East Kotawaringin there are 36 palm oil processing factory that total factory capacity is of 2,115 TBS / hour, producing 1,269 tons of liquid waste wastewater / h and is capable of producing 42,300 m3 of biogas. Keywords:  Renewable Energy, Plam Oil Mill Effluent, Chemical Oxygen Demand, Biogass, Methane Cara sitasi: Alkusma, Y.M., Hermawan, dan Hadiyanto. (2016. Pengembangan Potensi Energi Alternatif dengan Pemanfaatan Limbah Cair Kelapa Sawit sebagai Sumber Energi Baru Terbarukan di Kabupaten Kotawaringin Timur. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan,14(2,96-102, doi:10.14710/jil.14.2.96-102

  5. PENURUNAN KADAR PROTEIN LIMBAH CAIR TAHU DENGAN PEMANFAATAN KARBON BAGASSE TERAKTIVASI (Protein Reduction of Tofu Wastewater Using Activated Carbon Bagasse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Candra Purnawan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penurunan kadar protein limbah tahu telah dilakukan dengan pemanfaatan karbon Bagasse teraktivasi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kondisi optimum dari karbon teraktivasi NaOH dan H2SO4 dalam menurunkan kadar protein limbah cair tahu dan mengetahui jenis isoterm adsorpsi dari karbon aktif yang digunakan untuk menyerap protein limbah cair tahu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan konsentrasi NaOH yang optimum untuk aktivasi karbon aktif 15%, massa optimum karbon bagasse teraktivasi NaOH adalah 2 g dan penurunan kadar proteinnya 71,95%, sedangkan massa optimum karbon bagasse teraktivasi H2SO4 adalah 1 g dengan penurunan kadar protein sebesar 38,19%. Waktu kontak optimum karbon bagasse teraktivasi  NaOH dan H2SO4 adalah 12 jam. Adsorpsi protein oleh karbon bagasse teraktivasi NaOH mengikuti isoterm adsorpsi Langmuir dan Freundlich sedangkan karbon bagasse teraktivasi H2SO4 dominan mengikuti isoterm Freundlich.   ABSTRACT The protein reduction of tofu wastewater using activated carbon from bagasse  had been conducted. The purposes of this research were to analysis optimum condition of activated carbon bagsse using NaOH and H2SO4 for reduction protein in tofu wastewater, and analysis adsorption isotherm of activated carbon with protein. The result showed that optimum mass of carbon bagasse activated NaOH was  2 g with 71.95% protein reduction, while carbon bagasse activated H2SO4 has 1 g with 38.19% protein reduction. The optimum contact time between protein and activated carbon (with NaOH and H2SO4 was happened in 12 hours. Adsorption protein with carbon bagasse activated NaOH had followed Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm, while adsorption with carbon bagasse activated H2SO4 dominantlyhad followed Freundlich adsorption isotherm

  6. Kajian Konsep Teknologi Pengolahan Pasir Zirkon Lokal yang Mengandung Monasit, Senotim dan Ilmenit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herry Poernomo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The existence of zircon (ZrSiO4 in the nature is mostly associated with some of the valuable oxide compounds (VOC, such as TiO2 and rare earth oxides (REO. The existence of natural minerals in Indonesia containing zirconium (Zr and REO lies in 13 regions, ranging from Aceh to West Papua province. Based on those aforementioned aspects, the goal of this research is to conduct the study of integrated technology of local zircon sand processing containing TiO2 and REO. The study was conducted by analyzing the content of VOC in zircon sand samples from the areas of Landak and Tumbang Titi West Kalimantan and Bangka by using XRF. Based on the content of VOC in this zircon sand, it can be predicted that the zircon sand from the area of Landak and Tumbang Titi West Kalimantan and Bangka contains mineral zircon (ZrSiO4, ilmenite (FeTiO3, monazite (LREE, ThPO4, and xenotime (HREE, ThPO4. Based on these types of mineral, the flow chart of beneficiation technology process to increase the concentration of each mineral and the flow chart of zircon concentrate process into ZrO2(zirconia and ZrOCl2.8H2O (zirconium oxychloride industrial grade and zirconia and zirconium chemicals nuclear grade, ilmenite into TiO2, monazite into Nd2O3, and Th(OH4 concentrate, xenotime into Y2O3, Gd2O3, and Th(OH4 concentrate are obtained in one area of pilot plant or an integrated factory. The results of the study concluded that the concept of local processing of zircon sands containing monazite, xenotime, and ilmenite can be either integrated in the region with the results of multi-product plant. If it can be realized in Indonesia with the addition of an integrated waste water treatment system, then in addition to safe for the environment can also save on production costs and give economic added value for shareholders zircon mining permit

  7. PENGELOLAAN SUNGAI BERBASIS MASYARAKAT LOKAL DI DAERAH LERENG SELATAN GUNUNGAPI MERAPI (River Management Based on Local Community in the Southern Slope of Marapi Volcano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darmakusuma Darmanto

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Dalam kehidupan manusia, ternyata ada hubungan yang saling terkait antara manusia dengan sungai. Manusia memerlukan sungai untuk mendukung keperluan dan aktivitasnya, sebaliknya keberadaan sungai juga dapat dipengaruhi oleh aktivitas manusia. Dalam memanfaatkan dan memelihara sungai tidak terlepas dari pemanfaatan air di dalam sungai dan alur sungainya. Dalam memgelola sungai tidak terpisahkan antara pengelolaan air sungai dan alur sungainya. Hal tersebut juga tergantung dari karakteristik sungai dan kondisi sosial budaya masyarakat. Penelitian yang dilakukan di lereng selatan Gunungapi Merapi dengan cara survei di lapangan. Data dikumpulkan dengan observasi lapangan dan wawancara dengan masyarakat. Selanjutnya dikuti dengan analisis data secara deskriptif kualitatif. Sungai sungai besar di daerah penelitian telah dikelola oleh pemerintah, sedangkan masyarakat lebih berperan kepada pemanfaatan dan pemeliharaan sungai kecil. Berbagai penggunaan dilakukan terhadap sungai-sungai kecil, untuk keperluan rumah tangga, irigasi dan perikanan. Teknik pengambilan dan pemanfaatan air dilakukan dengan cara sederhana dengan beaya yang relatif murah, tetapi tetap mengedepankan azas kebersamaan dan keadilan. Pemeliharaan terhadap alur sungai terhadap kerusakkan lingkungan dilakukan berdasarkan atas kesadaran untuk keberlangsungan lingkungan dengan yang dilakukan secara perorangan dan berkelompok. Dalam pemeliharaan dikedepankan asas kegotongroyongan tanpa mengabaikan budaya masyarakat setempat. ABSTRACT In human life, there was a relationship between human activities with rivers. Humans need rivers to support their need and their activities; otherwise the existence of rivers can also be affected by human activities. The management of river cannot be separated from managing water in the river and its channels. It also depends on rivers characteristics as well as social and culture of the community. This research was conducted in the southern slopes of

  8. Local contribution of wood combustion to PM10 and PM2.5; Lokale bijdrage van houtverbranding aan PM10 en PM2,5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kos, G.; Weijers, E. [ECN Biomassa, Kolen en Milieuonderzoek, Petten (Netherlands)

    2011-04-15

    In February 2009 the concentration of wood smoke in a residential area in Schoorl (Noord-Holland, Netherlands) was investigated over a period of three weeks. The aim was to assess the effect of local particulate matter (PM) emissions - caused by heating with wood stoves in this area - on local PM concentration. [Dutch] In februari 2009 zijn in Schoorl in Noord-Holland concentraties houtrook bepaald door levoglucosanmetingen (een voor houtrook kenmerkende koolwaterstofverbinding). Lokale houtrook draagt daar significant bij aan de concentratie fijn stof: tussen 9% en 27% voor PM10 en tussen 30% en 39% voor PM2,5.

  9. The local contribution of wood burning to PM10 and PM2.5; De lokale bijdrage van houtverbranding aan PM10 en PM2,5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kos, G.; Weijers, E. [ECN Biomassa, Kolen en Milieuonderzoek, Petten (Netherlands)

    2011-04-15

    In January 2009, the concentrations of wood smoke in Schoorl, the Netherlands, were established by means of levoglucosan measurements (a hydrocarbon compound that is characteristic for wood smoke). Local wood smoke contributes significantly to the concentration of particulate matter: between 9% and 27% for PM10 and between 30% and 29% for PM2.5. [Dutch] In februari 2009 zijn in Schoorl in Noord-Holland concentraties houtrook bepaald door levoglucosanmetingen (een voor houtrook kenmerkende koolwaterstofverbinding). Lokale houtrook draagt daar significant bij aan de concentratie fijn stof: tussen 9% en 27% voor PM10 en tussen 30% en 39% voor PM2,5.

  10. Tradisi Khabanti Kantola sebagai Model Pendidikan Karakter Terintegrasi Kurikulum Lokal dalam Pendidikan Seni Budaya di Sekolah Menengah Kabupaten Mona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    La Taena

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian  ini bertujuan  untuk  mengungkapkan  peran tradisi  kabhanti kantola  dalam pendidikan  karakter yang dapat dimanfaatkan secara terintegrasi dalam mata pelajaran seni budaya (lokal di sekolah menengah di Kabupaten Muna. Kabhanti kantola merupakan sebuah tradisi yang berfungsi sebagai sarana komunikasi dan hiburan  dalam  masyarakat  Muna dengan pola nyanyian  berbalas  pantun  (folksong  yang  diwariskan secara  turun-temurun. Lokasi  penelitian  adalah  tiga  kecamatan  di  kabupaten  Muna  yaitu,  Kecamatan Katobu, Kecamatan  Watuputih,  dan  Kecamatan  Tongkuno.  Data dikumpulkan   melalui  teknik observasi pementasan, teknik  rekam,  transkripsi, terjemahan, dan  interpretasi, data  kemudian  dianalisis  secara qualitatif-interpretatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan  bahwa makna dan nilai yang muncul dalam teks-teks Kabhanti kantola mengandung berbagai ajaran, nasehat, dan kritik-kritik yang membangun, membimbing, dan mengarahkan karakter masyarakat pendukungnya  Nilai-nilai itu diantaranya adalah menumbuhkan rasa kebersamaan,  ajaran  mengenai  etika  dalam  pergaulan,  bakti  kepada  orang  tua,  pentingnya  kemapanan ekonomi sebelum  berkeluarga,  dan larangan terhadap  judi. Kritik, araban, dan pesan seperti ini dimaksud­ kan untuk menciptakan  keserasian,  keselarasan,  dan keseimbangan sosial dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat, serta mempertahankan  nilai-nilai moralitas yang diyakini benar oleh masyarakat Muna. Pendidikan karakter terintegrasi dalam pendidikan seni budaya yang berbasis budaya lokal sangat penting diterapkan di sekolah Menengah di Kabupaten Muna. This research aims at the revealing of of kabbhanti kantola tradition rot e in character education that can be utilized  integratedly  in cultural art  lesson (the local lesson  at high schools  at Muna Regency. Kabbhanti kantola  is a tradition that has a function as a media of communication and

  11. High resolution forecast of heavy precipitation with Lokal Modell: analysis of two case studies in the Alpine area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Elementi

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Northern Italy is frequently affected by severe precipitation conditions often inducing flood events with associated loss of properties, damages and casualties. The capability of correctly forecast these events, strongly required for an efficient support to civil protection actions, is still nowadays a challenge. This difficulty is also related with the complex structure of the precipitation field in the Alpine area and, more generally, over the Italian territory. Recently a new generation of non-hydrostatic meteorological models, suitable to be used at very high spatial resolution, has been developed. In this paper the performance of the non-hydrostatic Lokal Modell developed by the COSMO Consortium, is analysed with regard to a couple of intense precipitation events occurred in the Piemonte region in Northern Italy. These events were selected among the reference cases of the Hydroptimet/INTERREG IIIB project. LM run at the operational resolution of 7km provides a good forecast of the general rain structure, with an unsatisfactory representation of the precipitation distribution across the mountain ranges. It is shown that the inclusion of the new prognostic equations for cloud ice, rain and snow produces a remarkable improvement, reducing the precipitation in the upwind side and extending the intense rainfall area to the downwind side. The unrealistic maxima are decreased towards observed values. The use of very high horizontal resolution (2.8 km improves the general shape of the precipitation field in the flat area of the Piemonte region but, keeping active the moist convection scheme, sparse and more intense rainfall peaks are produced. When convective precipitation is not parametrised but explicitly represented by the model, this negative effect is removed.

  12. KAJIAN PEMANFAATAN DAN KELAYAKAN KUALITAS AIRTANAH UNTUK KEBUTUHAN DOMESTIK DAN INDUSTRI KECIL-MENENGAH DI KECAMATAN LAWEYAN KOTA SURAKARTA JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taufik Indrawan

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Kecamatan Laweyan merupakan salah satu daerah di Kota Surakarta yang merupakan daerah perkotaan dengan kepadatan penduduk 11.271 jiwa/km2. Di Kecamatan Laweyan banyak terdapat industri kecil-menengah khususnya industri batik yang notabene membutuhkan airtanah dalam jumlah besat dalam proses produksinya disamping juga banyak industri lain yang beragam jenisnya. Berdasarkan kenyataan tersebut peneliti tertarik melakukan penelitian tentang pemanfaatan airtanah untuk kebutuhan domestik dan industri kecil-menengah dan kualitas airtanah yang digunakan untuk pemenuhan kebutuhan domestik di Kecamatan Laweyan Kota Surakarta. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah 1 Mengkaji pemanfaatan airtanah untuk kebutuhan domestik dan industri kecil-menengah di wilayah Kecamatan Laweyan Kota Surakarta. 2 Menganalisis kualitas airtanah untuk kebutuhan domestik di Kecamatan Laweyan Kota Surakarta. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Kebutuhan airtanah untuk keperluan domestik di Kecamatan Laweyan Kota Surakarta adalah 183 lt/kapita/hari dan pemanfaatan airtanah  untuk keperluan domestik di Kecamatan Laweyan Kota Surakarta dalam satu tahun adalah sebesar 7.353.795,53 m3. Sedangkan pemanfaatan airtanah untuk keperluan industri kecil-menengah di Kecamatan Laweyan Kota Surakarta pada tahun 2010 adalah sebesar 910.173,50 m3. Berdasarkan hasil uji laboratorium diketahui bahwa dari parameter fisika yang diuji menunjukkan kadar TDS sebesar 213-368 mg/l. Dari parameter kimia yang diuji menunjukkan pH sebesar 8,2-8,6, kadar Fe 1600 MPN / 100 ml. Berdasarkan penelitian ini disimpulkan bahwa airtanah di Kecamatan Laweyen tidak memenuhi standar baku mutu yang telah ditetapkan.    ABSTRACT Sub Laweyan is one area in the city of Surakarta, which is urban areas with a population density of 11,271 people/km2. In Sub Laweyan there are many small-medium scale industries, especially the batik industry which incidentally require groundwater in the number besat in their production

  13. Construction Minerals Operations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This map layer includes construction minerals operations in the United States. The data represent commodities covered by the Minerals Information Team (MIT) of the...

  14. Agricultural Minerals Operations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This map layer includes agricultural minerals operations in the United States. The data represent commodities covered by the Minerals Information Team (MIT) of the...

  15. PEMANFAATAN PAKAN ISO PROTEIN DENGAN KADAR KARBOHIDRAT DAN LEMAK YANG BERBEDA UNTUK PERTUMBUHAN BENIH IKAN PATIN JAMBAL (Pangasius djambal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ningrum Suhenda

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui pemanfaatan pakan dengan variasi kadar karbohidrat dan lemak untuk pertumbuhan benih patin jambal telah dilakukan di Laboratorium Nutrisi Ikan, Bogor. Rancangan percobaan yang dipergunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan 5 perlakuan dan 3 ulangan. Sebagai perlakuan yaitu pakan dengan variasi kadar karbohidrat dan lemak. Kadar lemak pakan berkisar antara 4% sampai 10% sedangkan kadar karbohidrat berkisar antara 20% sampai 40%. Pakan diberikan dalam bentuk remah sebanyak 12% dari bobot total ikan per hari untuk 2 minggu ke-1 dan 10% untuk 2 minggu ke-2. Wadah penelitian yang digunakan yaitu akuarium dengan volume air 50 liter yang dilengkapi dengan sistem resirkulasi dan pemanas air dengan debit 4 liter/menit. Benih ikan patin jambal dengan bobot rata-rata 0,326 g ditebar dalam akuarium dengan padat penebaran 50 ekor/akuarium. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pakan dengan variasi kadar lemak dan karbohidrat memberikan laju pertumbuhan spesifik tubuh, bobot akhir rata-rata, konversi pakan, retensi protein, dan rasio efisiensi protein yang tidak berbeda nyata (P>0,05. Nilai retensi lemak antar perlakuan berbeda nyata (P0.05 among the treatments for the average final body weight, specific growth rate, feed conversion ratio, protein retention, and protein efficiency ratio. However, there was a significant difference (p>0.05 for lipid retention values. The lowest lipid retention (47.20% was found in treatments containing lipid level of 10% and carbohydrate level of 20%. These values did not differ significantly (p>0.05 with other diet treatments that have lipid levels of 8% and carbohydrate of 32% (the ratio between carbohydrate and lipid was 4. Diet treatments that have ratio of 4 between carbohydrate and lipid showed specific growth rate of 9.10%, feed conversion ratio of 0.85, protein retention of 42.87%, and protein efficiency ratio of 3.36. The average final body weight for the diet was 4.17 g per

  16. PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN ENCENG GONDOK (Eichornia crassipes TERFERMENTASI DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP PERSENTASE KARKAS, NON-KARKAS, DAN LEMAK ABDOMINAL ITIK LOKAL JANTAN UMUR DELAPAN MINGGU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratih Dewanti

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan enceng gondok terfermentasi terhadap bobot potong, bobot karkas, persentase karkas, non-karkas, dan lemak abdominal. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL pola searah. Perlakuan meliputi: P0 (ransum basal; P1 (ransum basal + 2,5% enceng gondok terfermentasi; P2 (ransum basal + 5% enceng gondok terfermentasi; P3 (ransum basal + 7,5% enceng gondok terfermentasi; dan P4 (ransum basal + 10% enceng gondok terfermentasi. Hasil penelitian dari kelima perlakuan diperoleh nilai rerata bobot potong 1261,97 g; persentase karkas 53,22%; persentase sayap 16,03%; paha 28,68%; dada 20,58%, dan punggung 24,71%. Rerata persentase non-karkas berturut – turut adalah kepala 15,22%; kaki 2,68%; hati 2,21%; jantung 0,72%; empedal 4,74%; dan lemak abdominal 0,63%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penambahan enceng gondok terfermentasi dalam ransum sampai tingkat 10% tidak berpengaruh terhadap bobot potong, persentase karkas, non-karkas, dan lemak abdominal itik lokal jantan umur delapan minggu. (Kata kunci: Itik lokal jantan, Enceng gondok terfermentasi, Karkas, Non-karkas, Lemak abdominal

  17. Mineral commodity summaries 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    ,

    2015-01-01

    Each chapter of the 2015 edition of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodity Summaries (MCS) includes information on events, trends, and issues for each mineral commodity as well as discussions and tabular presentations on domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, 5-year salient statistics, and world production and resources. The MCS is the earliest comprehensive source of 2014 mineral production data for the world. More than 90 individual minerals and materials are covered by two-page synopses.

  18. KECERNAAN PAKAN KELINCI LOKAL (Lepus nigricollis YANG DIBERI PAKAN MULTI NUTRIENT BLOCK BERBASIS RUMPUT LAPANGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. W. Puger

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Peningkatan produktivitas ternak kelinci dapat diukur dari kecernaan pakan yang diberikan dan dapat dilakukandengan memberikan suplementasi Mineral Nutrient Block (MNB. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan menggunakanRangcangan Acak Kelompok (RAK dengan lima kali ulangan. Perlakuan yang diberikan adalah R0: pakan kontrol(rumput lapangan dengan kandungan energi termetabolis 1830 kkal/kg dan CP:9,1%, R1: ransum kontrol yangdisuplementasi MNB 5 g/ekor/hari, R2: ransum kontrol yang disuplementasi MNB 10 g/ekor/hari, R3: ransumkontrol yang disuplementasi MNB 15 g/ekor/hari. Rumput lapangan diberikan secara ad libitum dalam bentuksegar dan dipotong-potong dengan panjang 5 cm. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai cerna bahan kering,nilai cerna energi dan nilai cerna protein tertinggi pada R3 yaitu masing-masing 59,22%, 68,88% dan 43,72%.Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian Multi Nutrient Block sebanyak 15% memberikankecernaan tertinggi pada kecernaan bahan kering, energi dan protein pakan.

  19. PERSEPSI KONSUMEN THEMATIC COFFEE HOUSE TERHADAP MEREK, KUALITAS PRODUK DAN PELAYANAN SERTA NILAI PELANGGAN PRODUK KOPI LOKAL (Survei Konsumen Filosofi Kopi Jakarta Selatan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hesty Nurul Utami

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Indonesia merupakan salah satu negara penghasil kopi terbesar di dunia dengan tingkat konsumsi kopi yang diproyeksikan terus meningkat setiap tahun serta didukung meningkatnya jumlah coffee house di Indonesia. Filosofi Kopi merupakan coffee house yang beroperasi kurang dari satu tahun di wilayah Jakarta dengan konsep thematic coffee house yang menjual kopi lokal khas Indonesia yang harus bersaing dengan coffee house internasional yang membuka cabangnya di kota besar seperti Jakarta. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan persepsi konsumen terhadap kesadaran merek, kualitas kopi, kualitas pelayanan dan nilai pelanggan di Filosofi Kopi untuk meningkatkan daya saing coffee house lokal di Indonesia. Membangun merek dapat memberikan perlindungan secara legal terhadap keunikan sebuah merek, sedangkan kualitas produk dan kualitas pelayanan dapat meningkatkan nilai yang dirasakan konsumen. Sehingga suatu produk akan berhasil jika memberikan nilai yang lebih tinggi bagi konsumen dan dapat dijadikan sebagai alat ukur daya saing. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif kuantitatif dengan menggunakan diagram ular sebagai alat analisis data. Sampel dipilih melalui teknik proporsional stratified random sampling terhadap 60 orang responden. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsumen sulit untuk mengingat nama jenis kopi yang dijual namun mudah mengenali logo dengan perspektif positif atas rasa dan aroma kopi lokal yang superior dan cara penyajian kopi yang tepat, namun belum didukung fasilitas layanan coffee house yang memuaskan konsumen. Edukasi konsumen dan kampanye pemasaran melalui merek dan kualitas produk diperlukan untuk meningkatkan daya saing kopi lokal. Kata kunci: kopi lokal, jasa makanan, penciptaan nilai, perilaku konsumen Abstract Indonesia is one of the largest coffee producer in the world with coffee consumption level predicted to be increased every year and supported by the rise of coffee house in Indonesia

  20. PENGEMBANGAN MINUMAN FORMULA IBU HAMIL DAN MENETEKI BERBASIS BAHAN LOKAL NON SUSU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almasyhuri Almasyhuri

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Development of Non-Milk Based Formulated Drinks For Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women.Background: The pregnant and breastfeeding women need a greater nutrition intake compared to normal women. At second and third trimester of pregnancy, and during breastfeeding, a woman should have additional nutrient for approximately 300 Kcal energy and 17 grams protein per day. Recently, various formula drinks for pregnant and breastfeeding women are available in the market, however most of these formulas are expensive.Objectives: To develop non-milk based formula drinks for pregnant and breastfeeding women which contained adequate amount of additional macro and micro nutrients had good sensory quality and had long self life.Methods: Initially, 13 kinds of drinks were formulated. The drinks contained aproximately 300 Kcal energy and 17grams protein. They were analyzed for nutrient contain, microbiology and sensory quality in order to vote the best 5 formulas at the laboratory scale. The formulated drinks were packaged and sealed in 150 mL plastic cups. To know the self life of the drinks, storage was carry out in the room, incubator and refrigerator temperature during 12 months.Results: From sensory test, it was concluded that the best five drinks were kweni formula, chocholate formula, ginger formula, guava-orange formula and red bean formula. One cup of 150 ml formulated drink, had 140-150 Kcal energy and 8 grams protein. Therefore, to fulfill additional requirements for pregnant and breastfeeding women, the drinks should be consumed 2 cups a day.Conclusions: The formula drink developed could provide additional energy, protein, vitamin and mineral needed by pregnant and breast feeding women. There was no side effect reported by the panelist because of consuming the formula.Keywords: formulated drinks, pregnant women, breastfeeding women, acceptance.

  1. Fissure minerals, literature review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Larsson, S.Aa.

    1980-01-01

    This paper is a review of methods used for direct and indirect dating of tectonic events. Isotope geochemistry including stable isotopes as well as fission track- dating, fluid inclusion and thermoluminescens techniques have been considered. It has been concluded that an investigation of tectonic (and thermal) events should start with a detailed study of the mineral phases grown in seald fissures as well as minerals from fissure walls. This study should include phase identification, textures as well as mineral chemistry. The information from this study is fundamental for the decision of further investigations. Mineral chemistry including isotopes and fluid inclusion studies will give an essential knowledge about crystallization conditions for fissure minerals concerned. Direct dating using fission tracks as well as radioactive isotopes could be useful for some minerals. Application of thermoluminescens dating on fissure minerals is doubtful. (Auth.)

  2. PEMANFAATAN ABU VULKANIK GUNUNG MERAPI SEBAGAI GEOPOLIMER (SUATU POLIMER ANORGANIK ALUMINOSILIKAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Kusumastuti

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Sintesis geopolimer telah dilakukan dengan memanfaatkan abu vulkanik Gunung Merapi. Geopolimer merupakan suatu polimer anorganik aluminosilikat dengan rantai Si-O-Al yang disintesis dari material yang kaya akan silika dan alumina dengan larutan pengaktif natrium hidroksida. Analisis kandungan kimia abu vulkanik Merapi menunjukkan bahwa material ini termasuk material pozzolan dengan kandungan silika dan alumina yang tinggi, yakni 45,7% berat SiO2; 14,00% berat Al2O3; 16,1% berat CaO; 18,2% berat Fe2O3 dan 3,86% berat K2O. Perbandingan mol SiO2/Al2O3 dalam abu vulkanik Merapi tergolong tinggi yakni 5,55. Abu vulkanik Merapi dapat disintesis menjadi geopolimer meskipun mempunyai rasio mol SiO2/Al2O3 yang tinggi dengan menggunakan larutan pengaktif NaOH 66,67% serta menambah waktu curing selama 3 hari pada suhu 70°C untuk membantu proses kondensasi (lepasnya molekul air pada proses geopolimerisasinya. Geopolimerisasi abu vulkanik Merapi pada suhu kamar tidak dapat terjadi, ditandai dengan kekuatannya yang sangat rendah. Karakterisasi pada geopolimer berbahan dasar abu vulkanik menunjukkan bahwa kuat tekan optimum dicapai pada komposisi dengan perbandingan abu vulkanik/Na silikat/NaOH/H2O sebesar 50/10/4/6 dengan kekuatan 61,16 MPa. Analisis kualitatif berupa fasa mineral dengan XRD dan ikatan kimia dengan FTIR menunjukkan bahwa telah terbentuk fasa amorf aluminosilikat geopolimer dengan ikatan Si–O–Si atau Si–O–Al. Synthesis of geopolymer has been done by using Merapi volcanic ash. Geopolymer is an aluminosilicate inorganic polymer with Si-O-Al chain that has been synthesized from silica-and alumina-rich materials by using activator solution natrium hydroxide. The analysis of Merapi volcanic ash content showed that it was a pozzolan material containing high-silica alumina, with 45,7% of SiO2; 14,00% of Al2O3; 16,1% of  CaO; 18,2% of Fe2O3 and 3,86% of K2O. Mol ratio of SiO2/Al2O3 was high, it is 5,55. Although it

  3. Pemanfaatan Tepung Daun Cabe-cabe (Lepidagathis javanica dalam Ransum Terhadap Performan Ayam Broiler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ucop Haroen

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The effect of cabe cabe leaf (Lepidagathis javanica in feed on broiler performance ABSTRACT. This study was conducted to determine the effect of using cabecabe leaf (Lepidagathis javanica into the ration on broiler performance. Design of this experiment was assigned to Completely Randomized Design (CRD in 4 treatments and 5 replications. Each replication contained 5 chickens. The treatments were R0 = basal ration (as control, R1 = 97.5% of basal ration + 2.5% of cabe cabe leaf, R2 = 95.0% of basal ration + 5.0% of cabe cabe leaf and R3 = 92.5% of basal ration + 7.5% of cabe cabe leaf. Basal ration composed by corn, rice bran, soybean meal, coconut meal, fish meal, coconut oil, mineral mix and premix. Parameter measured was feed consumption, daily weight gain and feed conversion ratio. To determine the effect of treatment on the parameter was analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA and the significant effect of treatment on the parameter was analyzed by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT. Result of this study showed that using cabe cabe leaf into the ration significantly (P<0.05 decreased feed consumption. Daily weight gain and feed conversion ratio. Duncan’s Multiple Range Test showed that feed consumption and daily weight gain were significant (P<0.05 different between control and all level of cabe cabe leaf, however, feed conversion ratio was significant (P<0.05 different only between control and 7.5% of cabe cabe leaf in the ration. It is concluded that using 2.5% of cabe cabe leaf into the ration reduced feed consumption and daily weight gain but not influenced feed conversion ratio up to 5% of using cabe cabe leaf into the ration.

  4. Grouping Minerals by Their Formulas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulvey, Bridget

    2018-01-01

    Minerals are commonly taught in ways that emphasize mineral identification for its own sake or maybe to help identify rocks. But how do minerals fit in with other science content taught? The author uses mineral formulas to help Earth science students wonder about the connection between elements, compounds, mixtures, minerals, and mineral formulas.…

  5. HUBUNGAN ANTARA GAYA HIDUP DAN PEMILIHAN MEREK LOKAL ATAU MEREK LUAR NEGERI (SURVEI PADA AYAM BAKAR WONG SOLO VS KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budhi Haryanto

    2015-11-01

    asing (KFC, sedangkan yang sadar kesehatan cenderung memilih merek lokal (Ayam Bakar Wong Solo, selanjutnya konsumen yang bergaya hidup kepemimpinan cenderung memilih merek lokal (Ayam Bakar Wong Solo, dan konsumen yang mementingkan hal-hal lahiriyah cenderung memilih merek asing (KFC. Dalam penelitian ini juga membahas implikasi dari hasil-hasil penelitian.Kata kunci: gaya hidup, merek lokal, merek asing, gaya hidup pemerhati, gaya hidup sadar kesehatan, gaya hidup kepemimpinan, gaya hidup yang mementingkan hal-hal lahiriyah.

  6. 43 CFR 19.8 - Prospecting, mineral locations, mineral patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest Wilderness. 19.8 Section 19.8 Public Lands: Interior... § 19.8 Prospecting, mineral locations, mineral patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest... locations, mineral patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest Wilderness are contained in parts...

  7. Radioactive mineral deposits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1948-01-01

    This publication was designed as a guide for uranium and thorium prospectors in Australia. Physical properties, such as color, streak, luster, hardness, fracture, and specific gravity of the uranium and thorium-bearing minerals are summarized and the various methods suitable for detecting radioactivity in minerals are described. Two colored plates show samples of pitchblende (uraninite), autunite, carnotite, monazite, and others of the most important minerals sources of uranium and thorium.

  8. Brazilian minerals annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1977-01-01

    Statistics of Brazilian mineral resources and production in 1977 are presented. Data included refer also to economic aspects, market, taxes, government incentives, manpower, exportation, importation, etc [pt

  9. Minerals industry survey, 1984

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1984-01-01

    This is the seventh edition of the statistical survey commissioned by the Australian Mining Industry Council. It represents the most comprehensive review of the financial position of the Australian minerals industry and provides timely financial data on the minerals industry. The tables of this survey have been prepared for AMIC by Coopers and Lybrand, Chartered Accountants, based on information supplied to them in confidence by the respondent companies. For the purpose of the survey, the minerals industry has been defined as including exploration for, and extraction and primary processing of, minerals in Australia. The oil and gas industry is not included.

  10. Reagan issues mineral policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Materials and Minerals Program plan and report that President Reagan sent to Congress on April 5 aims to ‘decrease America's minerals vulnerability’ while reducing future dependence on potentially unstable foreign sources of minerals. These goals would be accomplished by taking inventory of federal lands to determine mineral potential; by meeting the stockpile goals set by the Strategic and Critical Material Stockpiling Act; and by establishing a business and political climate that would encourage private-sector research and development on minerals.Now that the Administration has issued its plan, the Subcommittee on Mines and Mining of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs will consider the National Minerals Security Act (NMSA), which was introduced 1 year ago by subcommittee chairman Jim Santini (D-Nev.) [Eos, May 19, 1981, p. 497]. The bill calls for establishing a three-member White-House-level council to coordinate the development of a national minerals policy; amending tax laws to assist the mining industry to make capital investments to locate and produce strategic materials; and creating a revolving fund for the sale and purchase of strategic minerals. In addition, the NMSA bill would allow the secretary of the interior to make previously withdrawn public lands available for mineral development. The subcommittee will hold a hearing on the Administration's plan on May 11. Interior Secretary James Watt has been invited to testify.

  11. International mineral economics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gocht, W.R.; Eggert, R.G.

    1988-01-01

    International Mineral Economics provides an integrated overview of the important concepts. The treatment is interdisciplinary, drawing on the fields of economics, geology, business, and mining engineering. Part I examines the technical concepts important for understanding the geology of ore deposits, the methods of exploration and deposit evaluation, and the activities of mining and mineral processing. Part II focuses on the economic and related concepts important for understanding mineral development, the evaluation of exploration and mining projects, and mineral markets and market models. Finally, Part III reviews and traces the historical development of the policies of international organizations, the industrialized countries, and the developing countries. (orig.)

  12. Mineral statistics yearbook 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-01-01

    A summary of mineral production in Saskatchewan was compiled and presented as a reference manual. Statistical information on fuel minerals such as crude oil, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas and coal, and of industrial and metallic minerals, such as potash, sodium sulphate, salt and uranium, was provided in all conceivable variety of tables. Production statistics, disposition and value of sales of industrial and metallic minerals were also made available. Statistical data on drilling of oil and gas reservoirs and crown land disposition were also included. figs., tabs

  13. Marine Mineral Exploration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    in EEZ areas are fairly unknown; many areas need detailed mapping and mineral exploration, and the majority of coastal or island states with large EEZ areas have little experience in exploration for marine hard minerals. This book describes the systematic steps in marine mineral exploration....... Such exploration requires knowledge of mineral deposits and models of their formation, of geophysical and geochemical exploration methods, and of data evaluation and interpretation methods. These topics are described in detail by an international group of authors. A short description is also given of marine...

  14. PENGARUH BERBAGAI KECAMBAH KACANG-KACANGAN LOKAL SEBAGAI BAHAN DASAR MEAT ANALOG TERHADAP SIFAT FISIK (TEKSTUR, KESUKAAN DAN RASIO ARGININ/LISIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayu Kanetro

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this research were to determine the best of local legume sprout as raw material of meat analog, based on its texture, sensory (preference properties, and the ratio of arginine/lysine, compared to meat analog from soybean. Meat analogs were made of protein of local legumes sprout, which were velvet beans, cowpeas, and winged beans that had been germinated for 48, 36 and 24 hr respectively. The protein of velvet beans, cowpeas, and winged beans sprout for meat analog production were extracted at pH 9 and precipitated at pH 4, 5, and 5 respectively. Hence their products were analyzed the texture, the sensory properties (the hedonic scales of color, texture, odor, taste, and overall, and the ratio of arginine/lysine. The characteristics of meat analog from the legumes sprout were compared to meat analog from soybean for determination of the best legume sprout as raw material of meat analog. The result of this research showed the properties of meat analog from winged bean and cowpeas sprouts were better than velvet beans sprout. The meat analog from soybean was still better than meat analog from the local legumes sprout, especially its texture. The arginine content, that was known as  hypocholesterolemic and hypoglycemic component,  of meat analog from cowpeas sprout was lower than meat analog from soybean, but its ratio of arginie/lysine was not signifi cantly different. While the ratio of arginine/lysine of meat analog from the other legumes sprout were lower than meat analog from soybean. Therefore the meat analog from cowpeas sprout was chosen as the best product and was potential as functional food especially for reducing blood cholesterol. Keywords: Meat analog, sprout, local legumes, arginine/lysine ratio   ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan jenis kecambah kacang-kacangan lokal terbaik sebagai bahan baku kedelai berdasarkan tekstur, sifat sensoris, dan rasio arginin/lisin dibandingkan meat analog dari biji

  15. PENGGUNAAN BIOGRAFI TUAN GURU KIYAI HAJI MUHAMMAD ZAINUDDIN ABDUL MAJID DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH LOKAL DI MADRASAH ALIYAH NAHDLATUL WATHAN SENYIUR KABUPATEN LOMBOK TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Afandi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini berjudul Penggunaan Biografi Tuan Guru Kiyai Haji Muhammad Zainuddin Abdul Majid dalam Pembelajaran Sejarah Lokal di Madrasah Aliyah Nahdlatul Wathan Senyiur Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Salah satu tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat sejauh mana proses pembelajaran berangsung dan bagaimana dampaknya bagi siswa dalam rangka meningkatkan kreatifitas dan sikap nasionalisme siswa yang berlandaskan beberapa indikator yang peneliti sodorkan, misalnya 1 memiliki rasa bangga terhadap bangsa, 2 peduli terhadap nasib bangsa, 3 mempertahankan identitas atau jati diri sebagai bangsa timur, 4 menerima kemajemukan, 5 memiliki rasa keterpautan dan rasa memiliki (Sense of Belonging. Dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan menunjukkan bahwa aktifitas siswa di dalam kelas selama proses pembelajaran mengalami peningkatan secara signifikan. Hal tersebut terlihat dari proses tanya jawab selama proses pembelajaran berlangsung. Salah satu kendala dalam pembelajaran ini adalah terkait minimnya sumber-sumber pendukung pembelajran, misalnya buku maupun literatur-literatur yang membahas tentang tokoh Tuan Guru Haji Muhammad Zainuddin Abdul Majid. Kata kunci: biografi, pembelajaran Sejarah.

  16. DAMPAK LINGKUNGAN PEMANFAATAN ALUR SUNGAI DI KALI BOYONG, KALI KUNING DAN KALI GENDOL (Environmental Impact of Utulization River Courses in Boyong River, Kuning River and Gendol River

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darmakusuma Darmanto

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian ini merupakan sebagian dari hasil studi Program Doktor (S3 pada lokasi penelitian di Kali Boyong, Kali Kuning dan Kali Gendol yang merupakan sungai yang secara periodik merupakan jalur limpahan material sedimen yang berasal dari aktivitas Gunungapi Merapi. Sehingga muncul permasalahan: (a dampak erupsi terhadap fungsi alur sungai sebagai tempat menyimpan, mengalirkan dan memanfaatkan air pada wilayah yang padat penduduk dan (b pemanfaatan alur sungai untuk kegiatan penambangan sirtu dan pertanian, sehingga perlu dikembangkan model pengelolaan lingkungan alur yang dapat meminimalkan dampak yang terjadi, sehingga fungsi alur sungai tetap optimal. Metodologi yang digunakan adalah metoda survei dengan cara melakukan pengamatan lingkungan dan pengukuran profil penampang sungai, pengambilan sampel material sedimen yang kemudian dianalisis di laboratorium mengenai diameter butir, berat jenis dan warna, wawancara kepada masyarakat penambang di sekitar wilayah penelitian pada setiap penggal sungai, pengambilan gambar dengan menggunakan foto-digital dan pengumpulan data sekunder. Data yang telah dikumpulkan kemudian dianalisis secara deskriptif pada setiap sungai dan antar sungai dengan pendekatan ekologis dan spasial. Berdasarkan kajian hasil dan pembahasan yang diperoleh dalam penelitian ini dan sesuai dengan tujuan penelitian yang ingin dicapai, maka dapat ditarik kesimpulan sebagai berikut: (a Mendasarkan pada pendekatan ekologis subDas antara hulu-tengah-hilir dan antar subDas kondisi geometrik dari faktor-faktor fisik maupun biotik relatif sama antara Kali Boyong dan Kali Gendol/ Opak sedangkan untuk Kali Kuning agak berbeda karena merupakan “lokasi antara” perpindahan waktu aktivitas Gunungapi Merapi; dan (b Pemanfaatan alur sungai oleh masyarakat sekitar lokasi maupun usaha pemerintah daerah menimbulkan gangguan kelancaran penyimpanan dan penyaluran air sungai pada alurnya dari hulu ke hilir, kegiatan tersebut adalah

  17. Mineral oil industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brasser, L.J.; Suess, M.J.; Grefen, K.; Reinisch, D.W.

    1985-01-01

    In this chapter a general picture is presented of the air pollution aspects in the mineral oil industry. The complete field is covered, starting from drilling operations and the well head up to the delivery of the products to the consumer. A large field of activities as is given by the mineral oil

  18. Vitamins, Minerals, and Mood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Bonnie J.; Crawford, Susan G.; Field, Catherine J.; Simpson, J. Steven A.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the authors explore the breadth and depth of published research linking dietary vitamins and minerals (micronutrients) to mood. Since the 1920s, there have been many studies on individual vitamins (especially B vitamins and Vitamins C, D, and E), minerals (calcium, chromium, iron, magnesium, zinc, and selenium), and vitamin-like…

  19. Mineral commodity summaries 2018

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ober, Joyce A.

    2018-01-31

    This report is the earliest Government publication to furnish estimates covering 2017 nonfuel mineral industry data. Data sheets contain information on the domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, and 5-year salient statistics for more than 90 individual minerals and materials.

  20. Indochina area mineral prospects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-10-05

    Prospects for commercial mining of various minerals are considered for Kampuchea (Cambodia), Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand. Mineral production is much below its geologic potential for economic and political reasons. Resource potential is limited to tin, tungsten, lead and zinc, barytes and gemstones, and coal. 1 fig.

  1. Optimalisasi Pengelolaan dan Pemanfaatan Aset Tanah dan Bangunan Perguruan Tinggi Negeri (PTN yang Melaksanakan Pengelolaan Keuangan Badan Layanan Umum (PK BLU0 dalam Rangka Meningkatkan Pelayanan Pendidikan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Kania Sugiharti

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Perguruan Tinggi Negeri Pengelolaan Keuangan Badan Layanan Umum (PTN-PK BLU merupakan instansi pemerintah yang diberi kewenangan untuk melakukan pengelolaan keuangan badan layanan umum, dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan pelayanan bidang pendidikan kepada masyarakat dalam rangka mencerdaskan kehidupan bangsa. Fleksibilitas dalam pengelolaan keuangan PTNPKBLU berdasarkan prinsip ekonomi dan produktivitas, serta penerapan praktik bisnis yang sehat. Berdasarkan PP Nomor 23 Tahun 2005 dan PP Nomor 6 Tahun 2006 sebagaimana telah diubah dengan PP Nomor 38 Tahun 2008, fleksibilitas tersebut hanya berlaku dalam pengelolaan keuangan. Tanah dan bangunan yang berada dalam penguasaan PTNPKBLU, wajib dipergunakan sesuai dengan tugas pokok dan fungsi PTNPKBLU tersebut. Secara normatif, tidak ada ketentuan yang memberikan wewenang kepada kuasa pengguna barang untuk memanfaatkannya untuk tujuan lain. Aturan memberi peluang untuk mendayagunakan barang milik negara yang tidak dipergunakan sesuai dengan tugas pokok dan fungsi, yaitu dalam bentuk sewa, pinjam pakai, kerja sama pemanfaatan, dan bangun serah guna/bangun guna serah dengan tidak mengubah status kepemilikan, namun pemanfaatan tersebut hanya dapat dilakukan oleh pengelola barang, bukan oleh kuasa pengguna barang. Dalam hal ini, kuasa pengguna barang milik negara hanya berwenang dan bertanggung jawab untuk menyerahkan tanah dan/atau bangunan yang tidak dimanfaatkan untuk kepentingan penyelenggaraan tugas pokok dan fungsi kantor yang dipimpinnya tersebut, kepada pengguna barang. Abstract State University implementing PK BLU is a government agency with the right to use Pengelolaan Keuangan Badan Layanan Umum (PK BLU to better increase educational service in order to improve the intellectual life of the people of Indonesia. Flexibility in a State University implementing PK BLU has to be based on economic principles, productivity, and fairness. Based on Government Regulation 23/2005 and Government

  2. Taxation of unmined minerals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bremberg, B.P.

    1989-01-01

    This paper reports on the Kentucky Revenue Cabinet which began implementing its controversial unmined minerals tax program. The Revenue Cabinet should complete its first annual assessment under this program in December, 1989. The Revenue Cabinet's initial efforts to collect basic data concerning the Commonwealth's coal bearing lands has yielded data coverage for 5 million of Kentucky's 10 million acres of coal lands. Approximately 1000 detailed information returns have been filed. The returns will be used to help create an undeveloped mineral reserves inventory, determine mineral ownership, and value mineral reserves. This new program is run by the Revenue Cabinet's Mineral Valuation Section, under the Division of Technical Support, Department of Property Taxation. It has been in business since September of 1988

  3. Mineral industry in Australia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parbo, S.A.

    1982-01-01

    The paper reviews the history and growth of the mineral industry in Australia and its significance to the nation's economic growth and overseas trade, particularly over the last twenty years during which time production of coal, iron ore, manganese and mineral sands has increased greatly and new discoveries of petroleum, bauxite and nickel have given rise to major new industries. Australia ranks fourteenths in the value of world trade and is among the world's largest exporters of alumina, iron ore, mineral sands, coal, lead, zinc and nickel. Some details of production, processing and exports of the major minerals are given. Comment is made on the policies and roles of the six State Governments and the Federal Government in respect of ownership and control of the mining, processing and exporting of both energy and non-energy minerals. (orig.) [de

  4. AL-QUR’AN KULTURAL DAN KULTUR QUR’ANI: Interaksi antara Universalitas, Partikularitas, dan Kearifan lokal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wardani Wardani

    2015-08-01

    mengenai (1 identifikasi akulturasi al-Qur'an dengan tradisi Arab, (2 studi terhadap  tafsir al-Quran di Indonesia yang menyerap tradisi lokal, dan (3 analisis terhadap bentuk-bentuk interaksi Qur'an dan kultur. Keilahian ajaran al-Qur'an tidak berarti bahwa isi al-Qur'an kehilangan sifat historisnya karena ia diwahyukan untuk waktu yang lama di jazirah Arab. Historisitasnya tercermin dalam beberapa doktrin yang telah dinegosiasikan dengan tradisi Arab. Tujuan utamanya untuk mengubah setiap tradisi yang ada dengan menyisipkan nilai yang mendasari segala bentuk aturan atau merekonstruksi tradisi. Di Indonesia, akulturasi tersebut juga muncul ketika beberapa penulis tafsir al-Qur’an, seperti Bakri Syahid dalam bukunya Tafsir al-Huda, menggunakan kearifan lokal untuk menafsirkan al-Qur'an, misalnya, penisbatan "pepundhen" (awalnya berarti: tempat suci kepada Allah. Interaksi antara al-Qur'an dan budaya dapat dilihat dari akulturasi al-Qur'an sehingga disebut "al-Qur'an kultural", dan dari Islamisasi budaya menghasilkan apa yang disebut "kultur Qur'ani".Keywords: universalitas, kearifan lokal, enkulturasi, al-Qur'an kultural, kultur Qur'ani

  5. Mineral facilities of Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almanzar, Francisco; Baker, Michael S.; Elias, Nurudeen; Guzman, Eric

    2010-01-01

    This map displays over 1,700 records of mineral facilities within the countries of Europe and western Eurasia. Each record represents one commodity and one facility type at a single geographic location. Facility types include mines, oil and gas fields, and plants, such as refineries, smelters, and mills. Common commodities of interest include aluminum, cement, coal, copper, gold, iron and steel, lead, nickel, petroleum, salt, silver, and zinc. Records include attributes, such as commodity, country, location, company name, facility type and capacity (if applicable), and latitude and longitude geographical coordinates (in both degrees-minutes-seconds and decimal degrees). The data shown on this map and in table 1 were compiled from multiple sources, including (1) the most recently available data from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Minerals Yearbook (Europe and Central Eurasia volume), (2) mineral statistics and information from the USGS Minerals Information Web site (http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/europe.html), and (3) data collected by the USGS minerals information country specialists from sources, such as statistical publications of individual countries, annual reports and press releases of operating companies, and trade journals. Data reflect the most recently published table of industry structure for each country at the time of this publication. Additional information is available from the country specialists listed in table 2.

  6. Definitions of Health Terms: Minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov/definitions/mineralsdefinitions.html Definitions of Health Terms : Minerals To use the sharing features on this page, ... National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements Minerals Minerals are those elements on the earth and ...

  7. Minerals industry survey 1987

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-01-01

    This is the eleventh Minerals Industry Survey produced by the Australian Mining Industry Council. It represents an invaluable time series on the minerals industry's financial performance, as well as an up to date description of the industry for the latest financial year. The survey has been conceived as a supplement to and expansion of the various Australian Bureau of Statistics and Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics publications which describe the exploration, mining and smelting and refining industries in Australia. The tables in this survey have been prepared by Coopers and Lybrand, Chartered Accountants, based on information supplied to them in confidence by the respondent companies.

  8. Characterization of clay minerals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diaz N, C.; Olguin, M.T.; Solache R, M.; Alarcon H, T.; Aguilar E, A.

    2002-01-01

    The natural clays are the more abundant minerals on the crust. They are used for making diverse industrial products. Due to the adsorption and ion exchange properties of these, a great interest for developing research directed toward the use of natural clays for the waste water treatment has been aroused. As part of such researches it is very important to carry out previously the characterization of the interest materials. In this work the results of the mineral and elemental chemical composition are presented as well as the morphological characteristics of clay minerals from different regions of the Mexican Republic. (Author)

  9. Law of radioactive minerals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1980-01-01

    Legal device done in order to standardize and promote the exploration and explotation of radioactive minerals by peruvian and foreign investors. This device include the whole process, since the prospection until the development, after previous auction given by IPEN

  10. Mineral Commodity Summaries 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    ,

    2009-01-01

    Each chapter of the 2009 edition of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodity Summaries (MCS) includes information on events, trends, and issues for each mineral commodity as well as discussions and tabular presentations on domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, 5-year salient statistics, and world production and resources. The MCS is the earliest comprehensive source of 2008 mineral production data for the world. More than 90 individual minerals and materials are covered by two-page synopses. For mineral commodities for which there is a Government stockpile, detailed information concerning the stockpile status is included in the two-page synopsis. Because specific information concerning committed inventory was no longer available from the Defense Logistics Agency, National Defense Stockpile Center, that information, which was included in earlier Mineral Commodity Summaries publications, has been deleted from Mineral Commodity Summaries 2009. National reserves and reserve base information for most mineral commodities found in this report, including those for the United States, are derived from a variety of sources. The ideal source of such information would be comprehensive evaluations that apply the same criteria to deposits in different geographic areas and report the results by country. In the absence of such evaluations, national reserves and reserve base estimates compiled by countries for selected mineral commodities are a primary source of national reserves and reserve base information. Lacking national assessment information by governments, sources such as academic articles, company reports, common business practice, presentations by company representatives, and trade journal articles, or a combination of these, serve as the basis for national reserves and reserve base information reported in the mineral commodity sections of this publication. A national estimate may be assembled from the following: historically reported

  11. sequenceMiner algorithm

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Detecting and describing anomalies in large repositories of discrete symbol sequences. sequenceMiner has been open-sourced! Download the file below to try it out....

  12. Lokale Bildgebung der Prostata

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Walz, J.; Loch, T.; Salomon, G.; Wijkstra, H.

    2013-01-01

    In den letzten Jahren wurden neue Verfahren für die Bildgebung der Prostata entwickelt, um die Diagnostik des Prostatakarzinoms zu verbessern. Hierbei wurde v. a. der transrektale Ultraschall (TRUS) zum sog. „enhanced ultrasound" weiterentwickelt. Die Elastographie zeigt in mehreren Studien gute

  13. Lokal trombolyse af sinustrombose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Soll, Nicolai Højmose; Vestergård, Karsten; Nepper-Rasmussen, Jørgen

    2009-01-01

    A 16-year-old girl was diagnosed with widely distributed dural sinus thrombosis (DST) and a haemorrhagic infarct in the left parietal lobe. Despite of heparin treatment, pronounced aggravation of symptoms was observed. Through a femoral vein approach a micro-catheter was advanced into the superio...

  14. Kebudayaan Lokal dan Pemberdayaannya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Hudayana

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper underlines the importance of local culture as a basis to empowerthe Indonesian society which, during the era globalization and the late of capitalism attempt to engage in a process of reform based on a cultureal diversity. The modernist regime of the New Order has undermined local culture and treat it as he enemy of development and national itegration, so that many local cultures have been weakeningg. Many cases, indeed, show that local culture have played an important role in empowering local people as they provide alternatives for solving the weaknesses of development. Many local cultures have social-political value, and furthermore the have also economic value which can be managed to enhance welfare among the marginal people to actualize their potential, self-esteem, andcreativity became the bases of socio-cultural identity creation among the local people that live the pluralistic and compeetitive system. It is expected that the empowerment of local culture arise in near future as a part of the agenda of regional autonomy, globalization and late capitalism era. The process of empowerment will strengthen the spririt of pluralism and national solidarity.

  15. PENGETAHUAN EKOLOGI LOKAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eni Murdiati

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The existence of local wisdom in the era of globalization is a phenomenon that continues to run, along with human life and culture. Utilizing continuous development of natural resources in order to improve the welfare and quality of life of the people. Limited availability of natural resources and uneven, both in number and in quality, while the demand for natural resources is increasing as a result of increased development activities to meet the needs of the increasing population and diverse. The development impact resulted in the carrying capacity of the environment can be disturbed and the environmental carrying capacity can be decreased. Given this reality, the local knowledge of local communities is also challenged by the need to meet the basic needs of an increasingly large and lifestyle  faced by society.

  16. Bronnen van lokale bodembelasting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lijzen JPA; Franken ROG; LBG

    1994-01-01

    The aim of this study was to support the policy on preventive soil protection with information concerning potential sources of local soil pollution. This study was an extension to earlier inventories on (potential) sources of soil pollution (e.g. industrial areas, landfills, oil-storage tanks). The

  17. Strategi Pengembangan Pariwisata Lokal

    OpenAIRE

    Suryani, Ade Irma

    2016-01-01

    Development of the tourism sector is expected to provide benefits to the community, because the tourism sector is one of the sectors of economic development. Tourism activity is one of the non-oil sector is expected to provide a substantial contribution to the economy Negara.Strategis pengebangan tourism in rural areas, namely by taking into account the advice and the existing infrastructure and the application of the stepping tourism. Tourism facilities can be divided into three parts, namel...

  18. Dinamika Elit Lokal Madura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Zamroni

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The priyayi played a vital role in leading the Indonesian community during the colonial era. The same applies to Madura society. During the colonial era, power wielded by the priyayi was constricted on the basis of Madura culture and was strengthened by the bureaucratic power structure at both the village and district/ city level. This was manifested in such ways as serving as a klébun or bupati. However, the pattern of priyayi power, which was underpinned by feudalism waned, being replaced by Islamic religious leaders known as kiai. During the New Order regime, kiai in Madura played a very dominant role which was not only limited to the realm of religion, but also all aspects of life ranging from social, politics, economic, to culture. Nevertheless, with the dawn of the reformation era, economic elites have catapulted themselves to prominence, and there are growing signs that they are replacing the role which religious leaders used to play in Madura society in general and in the political domain in particular through forming shadow state as a tool used to exert control over Madura Political dynamics. This concise paper presents as discussion of ‘political fights’ among cultural, religious, bureaucratic, and economic elites in Madura.

  19. Lokale democratie doorgelicht: inleiding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Denters, Sebastianus A.H.; Boogers, Marcel

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, attention has increasingly been focussing on the quality of local democracy. Through the transfer of central government tasks to the municipalities, the importance of local government for citizens in the Netherlands has increased. This also places higher demands on the way local

  20. Evaluering af lokale udviklingsprocesser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Bente

    Rapporten udgør arbejdspapir nr 14 i forskningsprojektet "Handlekompetence i pædagogiske arbejde med socialt udsatte børn og unge - indsats og effekt (HPA-projektet). Rapporten diskuterer det grundlæggende spørgsmål: Hvad er evaluering? Herunder spørgsmål om hvilke dimensioner der skal medtænkes ...

  1. Mineral industry statistics 1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-01-01

    Production, consumption and marketing statistics are given for solid fuels (coal, peat), liquid fuels and gases (oil, natural gas), iron ore, bauxite and other minerals quarried in France, in 1975. Also accident statistics are included. Production statistics are presented of the Overseas Departments and territories (French Guiana, New Caledonia, New Hebrides). An account of modifications in the mining field in 1975 is given. Concessions, exploitation permits, and permits solely for prospecting for mineral products are discussed. (In French)

  2. Coastal placer minerals

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Iyer, S.D.; Gujar, A.R.

    to be processed and purified to extract the metal either by sulphate or chloride route. The economical aspects of placer mining would involve the cost to benefit ratio, which would encompass the money Selective sorting has resulted in two distinct sediments... or mineral at the national and international levels. Interestingly, though gold is the most sought metal and the prices per gram keep rising, there are others that are much more costly such as diamond and rare earth metals. Uses of Heavy Minerals...

  3. [Pneumoconiosis in bauxite miners].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molinini, R; Pesola, M; Digennaro, M A; Carino, M; Nuzzaco, A; Coviello, F

    1985-01-01

    The authors examined a group of 40 miners who were being working at an Apulian bauxite mine, presently inactive. Radiographic findings of pulmonary micronodulation without significant reduction of lung functions were showed in 15 miners. Mineralogical analysis of mine dust samples excluded any presence of more than 1% free silica. As a result of this study hypotheses have been formulated about pathogenesis of this moderated and non-invasive pneumoconiosis, showed in long exposed subjects to low silica content dusts.

  4. Mineral commodity summaries 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    ,

    2013-01-01

    Each chapter of the 2013 edition of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodity Summaries (MCS) includes information on events, trends, and issues for each mineral commodity as well as discussions and tabular presentations on domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, 5-year salient statistics, and world production and resources. The MCS is the earliest comprehensive source of 2012 mineral production data for the world. More than 90 individual minerals and materials are covered by two-page synopses. For mineral commodities for which there is a Government stockpile, detailed information concerning the stockpile status is included in the two-page synopsis. Abbreviations and units of measure, and definitions of selected terms used in the report, are in Appendix A and Appendix B, respectively. “Appendix C—Reserves and Resources” includes “Part A—Resource/Reserve Classification for Minerals” and “Part B—Sources of Reserves Data.” A directory of USGS minerals information country specialists and their responsibilities is Appendix D. The USGS continually strives to improve the value of its publications to users. Constructive comments and suggestions by readers of the MCS 2013 are welcomed.

  5. Mineral commodity summaries 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    ,

    2014-01-01

    Each chapter of the 2014 edition of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodity Summaries (MCS) includes information on events, trends, and issues for each mineral commodity as well as discussions and tabular presentations on domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, 5-year salient statistics, and world production and resources. The MCS is the earliest comprehensive source of 2013 mineral production data for the world. More than 90 individual minerals and materials are covered by two-page synopses. For mineral commodities for which there is a Government stockpile, detailed information concerning the stockpile status is included in the two-page synopsis. Abbreviations and units of measure, and definitions of selected terms used in the report, are in Appendix A and Appendix B, respectively. “Appendix C—Reserves and Resources” includes “Part A—Resource/Reserve Classification for Minerals” and “Part B—Sources of Reserves Data.” A directory of USGS minerals information country specialists and their responsibilities is Appendix D. The USGS continually strives to improve the value of its publications to users. Constructive comments and suggestions by readers of the MCS 2014 are welcomed.

  6. The mineral economy of Brazil--Economia mineral do Brasil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurmendi, Alfredo C.; Barboza, Frederico Lopes; Thorman, Charles H.

    1999-01-01

    This study depicts the Brazilian government structure, mineral legislation and investment policy, taxation, foreign investment policies, environmental laws and regulations, and conditions in which the mineral industry operates. The report underlines Brazil's large and diversified mineral endowment. A total of 37 mineral commodities, or groups of closely related commodities, is discussed. An overview of the geologic setting of the major mineral deposits is presented. This report is presented in English and Portuguese in pdf format.

  7. SENI USIK WIWITAN: INTERVENSI KESEHATAN BERBASIS BUDAYA LOKAL TERHADAP IBU HAMIL TRIMESTER III DI KOTA BANDUNG, JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Sugih Hartiningsih

    2017-01-01

    psikis ibu hamil trimester III hingga pada saat menjelang proses kelahiran. Saran: Seni usik wiwitan dapat dijadikan rujukan bagi program dinas kesehatan sebagai model intervensi berbasis budaya lokal untuk kehamilan yang sehat dan persalinan yang aman dan tidak beresiko. Background: The problem of maternal deaths due to childbirth is still a concern because even though many parties have made various efforts but maternal mortality remains high. Physical and psychological maternal health determine safe delivery. Pregnancy exercise that has become one of the programs at the level of basic services can combine with another activity that influence psychological health of pregnant women. The art of Usik Wiwitan consist of bodywork and breathing excercise, (ngajurus and meditation (tumekung can affect of maternal physical and psychological health. Objectives: This study investigated the effect of pregnancy exercise and Usik Wiwitan art to the pregnant women’s health. Methods: This study was conducted in two (2 PHC Ibrahim Adjie target area of ​​Bandung, which is Kebon Gedang and Cibangkong, with a total sample of 41 third trimester pregnant women in a healthy condition. The participants grouped into the intervention group and the control group randomly. The intervention group practiced pregnancy exercise combined with Usik Wiwitan art form (tumekung and ngajurus during 16 sessions in 8 weeks, while the control group only practiced pregnancy exercise alone in the same time. Parameters measured were physical and psychological condition based on the mother's blood pressure, urine protein levels, the condition of edema in the mother's body and the instrument anxiety that the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI. Results: The results of the pre and post-test in the control group and the intervention showed that there is difference between the intervention and control group.  In the intervention group at the meeting of the 8th and the 16th decline in blood pressure, urine

  8. Pemanfaatan Produk Budaya Modern dalam Bentuk Game untuk Mobile Gadget sebagai Media Pelestarian Budaya Tradisional (Dengan Studi Kasus Kue Tradisional Jawa Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khairani Larasati Imania

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Kue tradisional merupakan salah satu produk budaya yang pantas diperlakukan secara setara dengan aset kebudayaan lainnya, antara lain dengan cara diakui dan dilestarikan keberadaanya. Namun demikian, seiring dengan perkembangan zaman dan terjadinya globalisasi menyebabkan masuknya nilai-nilai budaya asing ke tanah air. Di satu sisi, globalisasi tersebut menyebabkan makin tergerusnya nilai-nilai budaya lokal. Hal ini kemudian berdampak pada eksistensi kue tradisional yang makin menghilang. Terutama dengan banyak masuknya kue-kue lain yang merupakan produk budaya asing yang dikhawatirkan dapat menggantikan posisi kue-kue tradisional di hati masyarakat. Pada sisi lain, globalisasi memberikan pengaruh yang cukup baik pula. Di antaranya yaitu dengan makin mudahnya persebaran perkembangan teknologi. Masyarakat mau tidak mau menjadi semakin mawas akan keberadaan media-media digital, dan mulai terbiasa dengannya. Oleh karena itu, perlu dilakukan upaya pengenalan kembali nilai-nilai budaya lokal, pada kasus ini kue tradisional dengan studi kasus jajanan pasar di Jawa Barat, kepada remaja dengan memanfaatkan perkembangan teknologi. Game dirasa merupakan bentuk teknologi yang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai media pengenalan budaya kepada remaja dengan metoda pendekatan yang menyenangkan dan tidak menggurui.Kata kunci: budaya; game; globalisasi; kue tradisional; remaja.Traditional cake is one of cultural product that deserves to be treated equally with other cultural asset. One of the attempts that can be done is by giving it acknowledgement and sustaining its’ existences. However, the rapid development of technology causes globalization and foreign value to infiltrate this country. On one side, globalization causes the local cultural to be scraped and forgotten. This might as well lead to the vanishing existence of traditional cake, particularly with the spread of other foreign cake and the apprehension that they would take over traditional cake in citizen

  9. Microbially mediated mineral carbonation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Power, I. M.; Wilson, S. A.; Dipple, G. M.; Southam, G.

    2010-12-01

    Mineral carbonation involves silicate dissolution and carbonate precipitation, which are both natural processes that microorganisms are able to mediate in near surface environments (Ferris et al., 1994; Eq. 1). (Ca,Mg)SiO3 + 2H2CO3 + H2O → (Ca,Mg)CO3 + H2O + H4SiO4 + O2 (1) Cyanobacteria are photoautotrophs with cell surface characteristics and metabolic processes involving inorganic carbon that can induce carbonate precipitation. This occurs partly by concentrating cations within their net-negative cell envelope and through the alkalinization of their microenvironment (Thompson & Ferris, 1990). Regions with mafic and ultramafic bedrock, such as near Atlin, British Columbia, Canada, represent the best potential sources of feedstocks for mineral carbonation. The hydromagnesite playas near Atlin are a natural biogeochemical model for the carbonation of magnesium silicate minerals (Power et al., 2009). Field-based studies at Atlin and corroborating laboratory experiments demonstrate the ability of a microbial consortium dominated by filamentous cyanobacteria to induce the precipitation of carbonate minerals. Phototrophic microbes, such as cyanobacteria, have been proposed as a means for producing biodiesel and other value added products because of their efficiency as solar collectors and low requirement for valuable, cultivable land in comparison to crops (Dismukes et al., 2008). Carbonate precipitation and biomass production could be facilitated using specifically designed ponds to collect waters rich in dissolved cations (e.g., Mg2+ and Ca2+), which would allow for evapoconcentration and provide an appropriate environment for growth of cyanobacteria. Microbially mediated carbonate precipitation does not require large quantities of energy or chemicals needed for industrial systems that have been proposed for rapid carbon capture and storage via mineral carbonation (e.g., Lackner et al., 1995). Therefore, this biogeochemical approach may represent a readily

  10. PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH BIOMASSA CANGKANG KAKAO DAN KEMIRI SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKAR BRIKET (Utilization of Biomass Wastes from Cocoa and Candlenut Shells as Fuel Briquette

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harwin Saptoadi

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK  Biomassa adalah sumber energi utama jutaan manusia di dunia, akan tetapi penggunaannya menurun ketika batubara, minyak dan gas tersedia cukup melirnpah. Namun akhir-akhir ini perhatian muncul kembali karena terjadinya krisis energi dan isu-isu lingkungan. Pemanfaatan biomassa untuk menggantikan bahan bakar fosil dapat menurunkan persoalan emisi CO2 global. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji alternatif sumber energi terbarukan dengan pemanfaatan limbah biomassa cangkang kakao dan kemiri. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menghaluskan biomassa dengan ukuran partikel kurang dari I mm. Kemudian 5 gram campuran bahan baku dengan bahan pengikat gel tepung kanji dengan perbandingan 70:30 untuk kakao dan 80:20 untuk kemiri dibriket dalarn cetakan berdiarneter l6 mm. Setelah dibriket kemudian dikeringkan dengan oven pada suhu 50 oC selama 5 jam. Pembakaran dilakukan dalam ruang bakar pada temperatur dinding 350 oC dan laju aliran udara bervariasi antara 0,1 - 0,4 m/s. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa cangkang kakao dan kemiri mempunyai nilai kalor masing-masing 16.998 dan 21.960 kJ/kg. Emisi CO cukup signifikan pada tahap devolatilisasi. Cangkang kakao memberikan total emisi CO lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan cangkang kemiri. Laju aliran udara juga berpengaruh terhadap emisi CO yang dihasilkan. Penambahan laju aliran udara akan mengurangi emisi CO, hal ini karena adanya penambahan suplai oksigen sehingga pemnbakaran dapat berlangsung lebih sempurna.   ABSTRACT  Biomass was the  primary source of energy for millions of people in the world, but when coal, oil, and gas became widely available, its use was declined. However, in recent years interest in biomass utilization increases because of energy crisis and environmental issues. Utilization of biomass for substituting fossil fuel can reduce global CO2 emission problem. The objective of this research is to study alternative energy sources that utilize biomass waste from cocoa and candlenut

  11. Minerals in deserts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, G.I.

    1982-01-01

    Almost any kind of mineral deposit can occur in desert areas, and the lack of vegetation and soil cover makes finding them easier. Some kinds of deposits, though, are more likely to occur in deserts than elsewhere. Some of these result from processes genetically related to the present desert climate that improved lower grade deposits of ore. One such process, termed secondary enrichment, is most effective in areas with deep water tables, and many low-grade copper, silver, and uranium deposits have been converted into mineable ore by the downward migration and redeposition of soluble metals. In a desert terrane, placer processes are effective whenever running water flowing over steep slopes erodes outcropping ore bodies and transports and concentrates the heavier ore minerals at lower levels, thus converting low-grade or hard-to-mine bedrock deposits into economically workable concentrations. Other kinds of deposits are better preserved in deserts because the lower rainfall at the surface, and the lower volume of flow and the greater depths to groundwater, result in less destruction of soluble ores; deposits of salines and phosphates are the most notable ores affected by these factors. Still other ore deposits are created as a consequence of the arid climate, mostly because the high evaporation rates operating on standing bodies of water produce brines that can lead directly to concentrations of salts and indirectly to secondary minerals, such as zeolites, that are produced by reaction of silicate minerals with saline waters

  12. Carbonizing bituminous minerals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1921-05-01

    A process for carbonizing bituminous minerals, like oil-shale, in a furnace with addition of air in the presence of heat-receiving material is characterized by the fact that to the feed such solid or liquid material (with the exception of oil) is added, which, through vaporization or heat-binding decomposition or conversion, hinders the establishment of excessive temperatures.

  13. Uruguay minerals fuels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goso, H.

    1967-01-01

    In this report the bases for the development of the necessary works of prospection are exposed on mineral fuels of Uruguay. We have taken the set from: coal, lutitas bituminous, uranium, petroleum and disturbs. In all the cases we have talked about to the present state of the knowledge and to the works that we considered necessary to develop in each case

  14. Aggregate and Mineral Resources - Industrial Mineral Mining Operations

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — An Industrial Mineral Mining Operation is a DEP primary facility type related to the Industrial Mineral Mining Program. The sub-facility types are listed below:Deep...

  15. Oxygen Extraction from Minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muscatello, Tony

    2017-01-01

    Oxygen, whether used as part of rocket bipropellant or for astronaut life support, is a key consumable for space exploration and commercialization. In Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) has been proposed many times as a method for making space exploration more cost effective and sustainable. On planetary and asteroid surfaces the presence of minerals in the regolith that contain oxygen is very common, making them a potential oxygen resource. The majority of research and development for oxygen extraction from minerals has been for lunar regolith although this work would generally be applicable to regolith at other locations in space. This presentation will briefly survey the major methods investigated for oxygen extraction from regolith with a focus on the current status of those methods and possible future development pathways. The major oxygen production methods are (1) extraction from lunar ilmenite (FeTiO3) with either hydrogen or carbon monoxide, (2) carbothermal reduction of iron oxides and silicates with methane, and (3) molten regolith electrolysis (MRE) of silicates. Methods (1) and (2) have also been investigated in a two-step process using CO reduction and carbon deposition followed by carbothermal reduction. All three processes have byproducts that could also be used as resources. Hydrogen or carbon monoxide reduction produce iron metal in small amounts that could potentially be used as construction material. Carbothermal reduction also makes iron metal along with silicon metal and a glass with possible applications. MRE produces iron, silicon, aluminum, titanium, and glass, with higher silicon yields than carbothermal reduction. On Mars and possibly on some moons and asteroids, water is present in the form of mineral hydrates, hydroxyl (-OH) groups on minerals, andor water adsorbed on mineral surfaces. Heating of the minerals can liberate the water which can be electrolyzed to provide a source of oxygen as well. The chemistry of these processes, some key

  16. Indústria mineral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iran F. Machado

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available A INDÚSTRIA mineral brasileira é analisada, de modo sucinto, face aos desafios impostos pela globalização contemporânea. As mudanças profundas ocorridas no contexto internacional na última década, abrangendo as esferas política, econômica, social e institucional, exigem uma reflexão aprofundada sobre o papel a ser desempenhado pelo Brasil no comércio internacional de bens minerais. De um lado, as oportunidades de aproveitamento de jazidas de classe internacional, principalmente na Amazônia, são bastante promissoras. Por outro, não se deve ignorar que: a explotação dessas reservas terá de obedecer a critérios de sustentabilidade, seguindo paradigmas já adotados em países desenvolvidos; o Brasil terá de garantir a sua competitividade diante dos seus principais concorrentes (Austrália, CEI, China e Índia. A questão dos minerais estratégicos é também abordada, com ênfase nas preocupações demonstradas pelo Departamento de Estado dos EUA. Finalmente, são alinhados três cenários possíveis para o desempenho futuro da mineração brasileira, instando-se o governo a dedicar maior atenção ao destino do nosso subsolo.THE MINERAL industry of Brazil is briefly analysed vis-à-vis the challenges imposed by the cruenta globalization process. The profound changes that occurred in the international framework during the last decade, encompassing the political, economic, social, and institutional structures, demand a thorough appraisal about the role to be played by Brazil in the international market of mineral commodities. On one hand, the opportunities open for world class deposits, mainly in the Amazon, are very promising. On the other hand, it is mandatory to take into account that: the exploitation of these reserves shall comply with sound sustainability criteria, following guidelines already adopted by some developed countries; Brazil will have to demonstrate its competitiveness among the major competitors (Australia

  17. Musik for folket! http://www.aabenraa-lokal-tv.dk/wp/2010/11/22/22-november-%E2%80%93-29-november-musik-for-folket/

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grund, Cynthia M.; Araghipour, Janus Høgfeldt; Bonne, Jane

    2010-01-01

    The TV-documentary "Musik for folket!" (in Danish) was filmed during the November 11 lunchtime concert and through a series of interviews with Carsten Sjødahl, Jane Bonne, Leif Jensen, Søren R. Frimodt-Møller, Janus Høgfeldt Araghipour and Cynthia M. Grund, it recounts the story behind the luncht...... the lunchtime concert series at SDU. The program aired November 22-29, 2010 on ALTV and is permanently available from November 22, 2010 onwards at http://www.aabenraa-lokal-tv.dk/wp/2010/11/22/22-november-%E2%80%93-29-november-musik-for-folket/...

  18. Outlook 96: Minerals and Energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-01-01

    Papers discussing the future of Australia's minerals and energy are presented under the following headings: Australia in the global minerals and energy markets; minerals exploration; steelmaking raw materials; aluminium and alumina; gold; nickel; base metals; titanium minerals; energy for a sustainable future; electricity; electricity in Asia; crude oil; coal trade; natural gas in Australia and uranium. Relevant papers are individually indexed/abstracted. Tabs., figs., refs

  19. International availability of energy minerals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    White, N A [Norman White Associates, London (UK)

    1979-06-01

    Whereas the ultimate world supply of energy minerals - defined as fossil fuels and fissile minerals - is controlled by geological factors, the actual supply at any particular time is controlled by economic feasibility, technological innovations and/or political decisions. This paper identifies and discusses the principal uncertainties surrounding the international availability of energy minerals from now until the end of the century. A brief comparison is also made between energy and non-energy minerals.

  20. Aggregates from mineral wastes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baic Ireneusz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem concerning the growing demand for natural aggregates and the need to limit costs, including transportation from remote deposits, cause the increase in growth of interest in aggregates from mineral wastes as well as in technologies of their production and recovery. The paper presents the issue related to the group of aggregates other than natural. A common name is proposed for such material: “alternative aggregates”. The name seems to be fully justified due to adequacy of this term because of this raw materials origin and role, in comparison to the meaning of natural aggregates based on gravel and sand as well as crushed stones. The paper presents characteristics of the market and basic application of aggregates produced from mineral wastes, generated in the mining, power and metallurgical industries as well as material from demolished objects.

  1. The bismuth miners study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grosche, B.; Kreuzer, M.; Kreisheimer, M.; Schnelzer, M.; Tschense, A.; Gottschalk, K.

    2005-01-01

    The Federal Radiation Protection Office carried out a retrospective cohort study on some 60,000 former employees of the SAG/SDAG Wismut. The purpose of the study was to validate the radon-related risk of acquiring lung cancer previously calculated from 11 jointly evaluated studies among miners on the basis of an independent, homogeneous data record of comparable size. A further goal was to study the risk of acquiring extrapulmonal tumours. This paper only briefly describes the sampling, design and methods used in the study, as these were already presented during the Radon Status Talks. The first follow-up on the cohort was completed in 2003. Around this time a job exposure matrix (JEM) suitable for scientific inquiries was made available by the professional miners' association and the roof organisation of professional trade associations (HVBG). This paper is the first to report on the outcome of the risk analysis in direct comparison with the results found by BEIR

  2. Iodine mineral waters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iluta Alexandru

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Iodine mineral waters are found especially in sub-Carpathian region, also in regions with Salif deposits. Waters are currently used iodine in drinking cure for chaps and Basedow. Are also indicated in balneology. Iodine water containing at least 1 mg L, there is pure iodine is usually given the nature of other types of mineral waters further: sodium chlorinated water (Bazna (50-70 mg iodine / l, Baile Govora (50 - 70 mg / l, Bălţăteşti (4-5 mg / l, salted Monteoru (30 mg / l, mine water mixed alkaline chlorination, sulphate, which are indicated for crenoterapie (hypo or isotonic to the bathrooms Olăneşti or Călimăneşti-Căciulata.

  3. Rock and mineral magnetism

    CERN Document Server

    O’Reilly, W

    1984-01-01

    The past two decades have witnessed a revolution in the earth sciences. The quantitative, instrument-based measurements and physical models of. geophysics, together with advances in technology, have radically transformed the way in which the Earth, and especially its crust, is described. The study of the magnetism of the rocks of the Earth's crust has played a major part in this transformation. Rocks, or more specifically their constituent magnetic minerals, can be regarded as a measuring instrument provided by nature, which can be employed in the service of the earth sciences. Thus magnetic minerals are a recording magnetometer; a goniometer or protractor, recording the directions of flows, fields and forces; a clock; a recording thermometer; a position recorder; astrain gauge; an instrument for geo­ logical surveying; a tracer in climatology and hydrology; a tool in petrology. No instrument is linear, or free from noise and systematic errors, and the performance of nature's instrument must be assessed and ...

  4. Characterization lithium mineralized pegmatite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pereira, E.F.S.; Luz Ferreira, O. da; Cancado, R.Z.L.

    1986-01-01

    Lithium economic importance has increased in the last years. In Brazil its reserves, generally pegmatites bodies, are found in Itinga-Aracuai-MG. This study of characterization belongs to a global plan of lithium mineralized bodies research of 'Arqueana de Minerios e Metais Ltda', which purpose is to give subsidies for implementation of pegmatite unit, in order to make better use of them. (F.E.) [pt

  5. 76 FR 6110 - Conflict Minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-03

    ...-10] RIN 3235-AK84 Conflict Minerals AGENCY: Securities and Exchange Commission. ACTION: Proposed rule...'') and would require any such issuer for which conflict minerals are necessary to the functionality or... body of its annual report whether its conflict minerals originated in the Democratic Republic of the...

  6. Flotation of sulphide minerals 1990

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forssberg, K S.E. [ed.; Luleaa University of Technology, Luleaa (Sweden). Division of Mineral Processing

    1991-01-01

    A total of 27 papers presented at the workshop on flotation of sulphide minerals, reprinted from the International Journal of Mineral Processing, vol. 33, nos. 1-4, are included in this book. They cover various aspects of flotation of such minerals as chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite, galena, malachite and pyrite.

  7. Digital mineral logging system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    West, J.B.

    1980-01-01

    A digital mineral logging system acquires data from a mineral logging tool passing through a borehole and transmits the data uphole to an electronic digital signal processor. A predetermined combination of sensors, including a deviometer, is located in a logging tool for the acquisition of the desired data as the logging tool is raised from the borehole. Sensor data in analog format is converted in the logging tool to a digital format and periodically batch transmitted to the surface at a predetermined sampling rate. An identification code is provided for each mineral logging tool, and the code is transmitted to the surface along with the sensor data. The self-identifying tool code is transmitted to the digital signal processor to identify the code against a stored list of the range of numbers assigned to that type of tool. The data is transmitted up the d-c power lines of the tool by a frequency shift key transmission technique. At the surface, a frequency shift key demodulation unit transmits the decoupled data to an asynchronous receiver interfaced to the electronic digital signal processor. During a recording phase, the signals from the logging tool are read by the electronic digital signal processor and stored for later processing. During a calculating phase, the stored data is processed by the digital signal processor and the results are outputted to a printer or plotter, or both

  8. Kajian Potensi Air Rawa dan Kearifan Lokal sebagai Dasar Pengelolaan Air Rawa Yomoth sebagai Sumber Air Bersih di Distrik Agats Kabupaten Asmat Provinsi Papua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoseph Kamun

    2016-10-01

    Tujuanpenelitianiniadalah (1 mengkajikebutuhanairbersihpenduduk dansumber- sumber air bersih di daerah penelitian, (2 mengkaji  karasteristik  potensi  air  rawa Yomoth sebagaisumberairbersihdan(3menyusun  kerangkadasarpengelolaan airrawaYomoth sebagaisumberair bersihyangberbasiskearifanlokal. Metode penelian adalah survey, dengan data diperoleh dan wawancara terhadap koresponden  yangditentukan  secarapurposive  sampling.  Datadianalisis  secara  deskriptip kuantitatif untuk mendapatkan gambaran tentang jumlah angka dan   pembahasan  objek kesimpulansecarakeruangan(spasial.Hasilpenelitianmenunjukkanbahwa:(1KebutuhanairbersihdiKotaAgatsKabupaten Asmatberdasarkansampel30KKyangdiperolehadalahsebesarrata-rata60ltr/harimakatotal kebutuhanair92.46ltr3/haridenganjumlah pendudukKotaAgats1541orang.Makakebutuhan airbersihpada5tahunmendatangadalah14736ltr3dengantingkatpenduduk1615orang,pada 10tahunmendatang  adalah31171ltr3  dengantingkatpenduduk1708orang,pada15tahun mendatangadalah49411ltr3  dengantingkatpenduduk1805orang,pada20tahunmendatang adalah69058ltr3dengantinkatpenduduk1892orangdanpada25tahunmedatangadalah88147 ltr3   dengan  tingkat  penduduk  1932  orang.  (2  Air  rawa  Yomoth  sebagai  sumber  air  bersih mempunyaikapasitasdayadukung2.302.140m3 dengankualitasbaikuntukdikelolasebagai sumbercadanganairbersih,walaupunterdapatpembatasberupasifatfisikairrawa,kandungan unsurkimiadanbiologisnya.(3UpayapengelolaanairrawaYomothdilakukandengancara perlindungan,penyelamatandanpelestarianterhadaphutandansumberdayaairrawa,dengan melakukan  tindakan  perlindungan  kearifan  lokal  dan  peraturan  daerah  sebagai  suatu  dasar hukum dalam pengambilan kebijakan dan keputusan.Mengingat secara ariftelah  melalui

  9. Reaksi Antara Gliserol dan o-Metoksi Fenol Dalam Suasana Basa dan Asam Sebagai Upaya Pendahuluan Pemanfaatan Gliserol dari Produk Samping Produksi Biodiesel Untuk Pembuatan Obat Batuk Gliseril Guaiakolat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritmaleni Ritmaleni

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Berbagai kondisi reaksi basa dan asam termasuk penggunaan asam Lewis telah diaplikasikan pada reaksi antara gliserol dan o-metoksi fenol sebagai upaya dalam pemanfaatan gliserol dari hasil samping produksi biodiesel berbahan dasar minyak jelantah. Reaksi ini nantinya akan digunakan pada pembuatan obat batuk gliseril guaiakolat. Kondisi reaksi yang dilakukan belum menghasilkan suatu reaksi yang berjalan secara optimal sehingga masih diperlukan penelitian berikutnya.   Some reaction conditions in basic and acid including Lewis acid have been applied on the reaction between glycerol and o-methoxy phenol. This study is an attempt to use glycerol as by-product of waste cooking oil-based biodiesel production. This reaction will be applied for synthesizing of cough medicine named glyceryl guaiacolate. Based on the results obtained, the reaction conditions applied were still not fit yet for optimum reactionand need to be found in the further study.

  10. PEMANFAATAN HUTAN DAN LINGKUNGAN OLEH MASYARAKAT BADUY DI BANTEN SELATAN (The Uses of Forest and the Environment by Baduy Community in South Banten, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunggung Senoaji

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Hutan adalah sumberdaya alam yang harus dimanfaatkan secara arif untuk kesejahteraan rakyat. Telah banyak terjadi dampak negatif pengelolaan hutan yang tidak ramah lingkungan termasuk banjir, longsor dan kekeringan. Salah satu bentuk pengelolaan hutan yang ramah lingkungan telah dilakukan oleh masyarakat Baduy, melalui berbagai bentuk kearifan lokal. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif yang mengkaji sistim pengelolaan hutan yang ramah lingkungan oleh masyarakat Baduy. Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa masyarakat Baduy masih menerapkan autran-aturan dan norma-norma tradisional dalam perhubungan sosial dan dalam memanfaatkan sumberdaya hutan. Sistim sosial masyarakat Baduy dapat mengontrol eksploitasi hutan yang tidak ramah lingkungan. Pada saat yang sama masyarakat Baduy mempunyai tingkat pendapatan  di atas garis kemiskinan.   ABSTRACT Forest environment is a biological nature resource that has to be wisely used and utilized for people’s welfare and prosperity. However, current conditions show that the function of forest as an ecosystem equalizer has degraded. An effort to recover forest function has to be done immediately. One type of forest environment management that concerns the forest conservation is like what have Baduy Community been done. The environment is managed by traditional rules obeyed by community. The basic method of this research is descriptive, supported by quantitative and quantitative approach. Data about objects or any particular conditions or any human group area were described systematically. Data collection was done by participation-observation and open in-depth interview. The result shows that in using forest and its environment, Baduy community makes natural balancing that provides many benefits including peacefulness, welfare and prosperity for people’s life. The life pattern of Baduy community is determined by traditional rules and norms pr standard that have important roles in the social

  11. Nuclear minerals in Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mansoor, M.

    2005-01-01

    Strategic importance of Nuclear Minerals was recognized during early formative years of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, and prospecting for uranium was started in Dera Ghazi Khan in collaboration with the Geological Survey of Pakistan (GSP) as early as 1961. Later, the responsibility for countrywide surveys and exploration was fully entrusted with PAEC and in this respect a Directorate of Nuclear Minerals(DNM) was established in 1966 at Lahore. Later, DNM was shifted to the Atomic Energy Centre (AEC), Lahore building and renamed as Atomic Energy Minerals Centre. It has state-of-the-art Chemistry, Mineralogy, Remote Sensing and Electronics Laboratories and an Ore Processing Pilot Plant. The Centre has Prospecting, Exploration, Geophysics, Geochemistry, Geo-tectonics, Mining and Drilling Sections. Regional Offices have been established to facilitate work at Karachi, Quetta and Peshawar. Siwaliks were recognized as a favorable geological formation of prime importance. Sandstone-shale sequence of Siwaliks Formation is exposed in all provinces of Pakistan and in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), broadly categorized into Rajanpur-Dera Ghazi Khan, Bannu Basin-Kohat Plateau and Potwar-AJK zones. Baghalchur, Nangar Nai and Taunsa uranium deposits have been discovered in the Rajanpur- D.G. Khan Zone. Qabul Khel and Shanawah Uranium deposits have been discovered in the Shanawah-Kohat Plateau Zone. Prospection and exploration is in progress. The first uranium mine was opened at Baghalchur, and uranium mill was established at D.G Khan in 1977-78 all by indigenous effort. The uranium mine was the most advanced and mechanized mine of that time in the country. Later, a second uranium mine was opened at Qabul Khel in 1992, which was based on a new and advanced in situ leach technology, developed to suit local geological and ore zone parameters. Mining of Nanganai and Taunsa Deposits was started respectively in 1996 and 2002, and is also based on in situ leach technology which is

  12. Minerals and rumen function

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, R.H.

    1984-01-01

    The mechanisms are discussed of some clinical disorders, characteristic only of ruminants and related to the effects of abnormal mineral intake on rumen function. With particular attention to tropical conditions, consideration is given to: (a) the possible effects of phosphorus deficiency on rumen microbial activity; (b) the depression of rumen microbial synthesis in sulphur deficiency; (c) the inhibition of magnesium absorption from the forestomachs; and (d) the involvement of the rumen microorganisms in leading to copper and vitamin B 12 deficiencies as a result of low intakes of cobalt. (author)

  13. Reducing coal miner absenteeism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peters, R.H.; Clingan, M.R. (Bureau of Mines, PA (USA). Pittsburgh Research Center)

    1989-09-01

    High absenteeism at coal mines can seriously affect safety and hamper productivity. Several effective strategies for achieving high attendance which mine operators may not have considered are presented and a method is proposed for implementing programs for minimizing absenteeism among coal miners. The best strategies for improving attendance will vary according to the needs and circumstances of the particular mine, however, the process for establishing such a program is relatively invariant. A four-stage process is recommended; evaluate data from prior attendance records, communicate attendance goals and policy, develop and implement an attendance promotion program, and recycle. 12 refs., 5 figs.

  14. United States mineral resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brobst, Donald A.; Pratt, Walden P.

    1973-01-01

    The work on this volume began in January 1972, but in a broader sense its production began many years ago. The chapters were written by geologists most of whom have had many years of experience studying the geology of mineral deposits, and more particularly the commodities about which they have written here. A total of nearly 2,300 man-years of professional experience in the geology of mineral resources is represented by the authors of the volume, and about 30 man-years went directly into its preparation. Each chapter contains not only a synthesis of the state of knowledge of the geology of the commodity, but also an appraisal of the known resources, and an examination of the geologic possibilities for finding additional deposits. In January 1972, responsibility for the preparation of the volume was assigned to us as co-editors, and we were given a tentative list of commodities and authors. We provided each author with a suggested outline of general topics to be covered, and some guidelines as to scope and philosophy of approach, but beyond that we avoided any attempt to fit each chapter into a stereotype. Moreover, the types of commodities range from the major metals and industrial minerals such as copper, silver, and fluorspar, which have been the subject of geologic research for years, to other commodities that are of such varied geologic nature (such as pigments or gemstones) or of such minor present importance (such as scandium or thallium) that they cannot be treated from the same viewpoint as the major minerals. The chapters range, therefore, from comprehensive summary reports to general essays that reflect the individuality of the authors as well as the variation among commodities. Throughout the book the emphasis is on geology, but each chapter contains some summary information on uses, technology, and economics. These summaries are not meant to be exhaustive, however, and additional details are in the 1970 edition of "Mineral Facts and Problems" (Bulletin

  15. Refining mineral oils

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1946-07-05

    A process is described refining raw oils such as mineral oils, shale oils, tar, their fractions and derivatives, by extraction with a selected solvent or a mixture of solvents containing water, forming a solvent more favorable for the hydrocarbons poor in hydrogen than for hydrocarbons rich in hydrogen, this process is characterized by the addition of an aiding solvent for the water which can be mixed or dissolved in the water and the solvent or in the dissolving mixture and increasing in this way the solubility of the water in the solvent or the dissolving mixture.

  16. RELATIVE TRACE MINERAL BIOAVAILABILITY

    OpenAIRE

    Rchard D. Miles; Peter R. Henry

    2006-01-01

    Para determinar a eficiência de utilização de elementos minerais dietéticos, deve-se conhecer a biodisponibilidade relativa de cada elemento de um determinado ingrediente ou de uma ração completa. Análises químicas da dieta ou de um determinado ingrediente não indicam a efetividade biológica de um nutriente. Existem muitos fatores que influenciam a biodisponibilidade dos minerais, especialmente dos minerais-traço, tais como: nível de consumo do mineral, forma química, digestibilidade da dieta...

  17. Study of local Agregate for Gamma radiation concrete shield; Studi pemakaian Agregat lokal pada pembuatan beton perisai radiasi Gamma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tochrul-Binowo,; Endro-Kismolo,; Darsono, [Yogyakarta Nuclear Research Centre, National Atomic Energy Agency, Yogyakarta (Indonesia)

    1996-04-15

    Investigation on the composition of gamma radiation concrete shield made of local barite, manganese fine and coarse aggregates from Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta has been done. The purpose of the research was to find out the quality of these local material for an aggregate of gamma radiation concrete shield. The research was done where each mineral was used as coarse aggregate and the fine aggregate from Kulon Progo was used as fine basic aggregate. Firstly a normal concrete was made by mixing cement, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate and water at a weight ratio of cement: fine aggregate: coarse: water 1: 2.304: 3.456: 0.58. The gamma radiation absorption capacity of the concrete tested by using Cs-137 as source standard. The same method was done on barite concrete at the weight ratio of cement: fine aggregate: barite aggregate: water 1: 2.303: 3.456: 0.58 and manganese concrete at the weight ratio of cement: fine aggregate: manganese aggregate: and water 1: 1.896: 2.844: 0.58. The result of the study showed that the gamma radiation absorption capacity of barite aggregate was greater than that of normal concrete and manganese concrete. The coefficient linear attenuation (for 6.0 cm thickness) of each concrete were {mu} barite concrete = 0.23071 cm{sup -1}, {mu} manganese concrete = 0.08401 cm{sup -1} and {mu} normal concrete = 0.1669 cm{sup -1}.

  18. Mineral supplementation for grazing ruminants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McDowell, L.R.; Conrad, J.H.; Ellis, G.L.

    1986-01-01

    Grazing ruminants to which concentrate feeds cannot be economically fed must rely on self-feeding of mineral supplements. A number of factors affect mineral consumption of free-choice mixtures. Livestock exhibit little nutritional wisdom and will select palatable mixtures in preference to mixtures designed to meet their requirements. Palatability and appetite stimulators are often used to achieve a more uniform herd-wide consumption. It is best to formulate free-choice mixtures on the basis of analyses or other available data. However, when no information on mineral status is known, a free-choice complete mineral supplement is warranted. A 'complete' mineral mixture usually includes salt, a low fluoride P source, Ca, Co, Cu, I, Mn and Zn. Selenium, Mg, K, S, Fe or additional elements can be incorporated into a mineral supplement as new information suggests a need. The detriment to ruminant production caused by providing Ca, Se and Cu in excess can be greater than any benefit derived by providing a mineral supplement. In regions where high forage Mo predominates, three to five times the Cu content in mineral mixtures is needed to counteract Mo toxicity. Supplemental minerals are most critical during the wet season, when cattle are gaining weight rapidly and energy and protein supplies are adequate. Economic return on mineral supplementation is high. (author)

  19. Aggregate and Mineral Resources - MO 2014 Industrial Mineral Mines (SHP)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC State | GIS Inventory — This data set contains names, locations and additional data for active Industrial Mineral Mines permitted with the Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Division...

  20. Spectroscopic characterization of manganese minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakshmi Reddy, S; Padma Suvarna, K; Udayabhaska Reddy, G; Endo, Tamio; Frost, R L

    2014-01-03

    Manganese minerals ardenite, alleghanyite and leucopoenicite originated from Madhya Pradesh, India, Nagano prefecture Japan, Sussex Country and Parker Shaft Franklin, Sussex Country, New Jersey respectively are used in the present work. In these minerals manganese is the major constituent and iron if present is in traces only. An EPR study of on all of the above samples confirms the presence of Mn(II) with g around 2.0. Optical absorption spectrum of the mineral alleghanyite indicates that Mn(II) is present in two different octahedral sites and in leucophoenicite Mn(II) is also in octahedral geometry. Ardenite mineral gives only a few Mn(II) bands. NIR results of the minerals ardenite, leucophoenicite and alleghanyite are due to hydroxyl and silicate anions which confirming the formulae of the minerals. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Destructive textures around radioactive minerals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Montel, J.M.; Seydoux-Guillaume, A.M.

    2009-01-01

    In most of the rocks, natural uranium and thorium are concentrated in some minerals which provide favourable crystallographic sites. These minerals are thus submitted to an intense auto-irradiation which may transform them. Using conventional investigation methods (petrographic or scanning electronic microscopy, electronic micro-probe) and less conventional ones (transmission electronic microscopy), the authors studied the interfaces between radioactive minerals and their host minerals. They comment the possible mechanical and structural aspects of this interaction by irradiation, and the influence of geological events

  2. Trace Mineral Losses in Sweat

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Chinevere, Troy D; McClung, James P; Cheuvront, Samuel N

    2007-01-01

    Copper, iron and zinc are nutritionally essential trace minerals that confer vital biological roles including the maintenance of cell structure and integrity, regulation of metabolism, immune function...

  3. Silicoaluminous minerals analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Puglisi, Celia; Fina, J.P.

    1987-01-01

    A group of silicoaluminous minerals of known composition have been analyzed by means of an energy dispersive electron microprobe. The analysis has been performed using a standarless semiquantitative method. The concentration was calculated using the program included in the software of the on-line computer, based on the ZAF correction. It is well known that it is difficult to analyze Si, Al and Na by this method because the absortion correction in the range of 0.9 to 2.0 KeV is not very accurate and the background substraction is also questionable. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the errors involved in these measurements and the best operation conditions. (Author) [es

  4. Protein- mediated enamel mineralization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moradian-Oldak, Janet

    2012-01-01

    Enamel is a hard nanocomposite bioceramic with significant resilience that protects the mammalian tooth from external physical and chemical damages. The remarkable mechanical properties of enamel are associated with its hierarchical structural organization and its thorough connection with underlying dentin. This dynamic mineralizing system offers scientists a wealth of information that allows the study of basic principals of organic matrix-mediated biomineralization and can potentially be utilized in the fields of material science and engineering for development and design of biomimetic materials. This chapter will provide a brief overview of enamel hierarchical structure and properties as well as the process and stages of amelogenesis. Particular emphasis is given to current knowledge of extracellular matrix protein and proteinases, and the structural chemistry of the matrix components and their putative functions. The chapter will conclude by discussing the potential of enamel for regrowth. PMID:22652761

  5. Mineral fibres and health

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hoskins, J.A.

    2001-01-01

    The use of inorganic fibrous materials is a comparatively new phenomenon and was uncommon before the Industrial Revolution. Humans evolved in a comparatively fibre-free environment and consequently never fully developed the defence mechanisms needed to deal with the consequences of inhaling fibres. However, the urban environment now has an airborne fibre concentration of around 1 f.l -1 , which is a tenfold increase on the natural background. Any sample of ambient air collected indoors or outdoors will probably contain some mineral fibres, but there is little evidence that these pose any risk to human health. They come from asbestos used in brakes, glass and mineral wools used as insulation and fire proofing of buildings, gypsum from plaster and a variety of types from many sources. Few of these have the potential to do any harm. Asbestos is the only fibre of note but urban levels are insignificant compared to occupational exposures. When the health of cohorts occupationally exposed to the several types of asbestos is studied the problem can be put into perspective. Studies of workers in the chrysotile industry exposed to much higher dust levels than in a factory today show no excess lung cancer or mesothelioma. By comparison those living near crocidolite mines, let alone working in them, may develop asbestos-related disease. As always, dose is the critical factor. Chrysotile is cleared from the lungs very efficiently, only the amphiboles are well retained. The only real health problem comes from the earlier use of asbestos products that may now be old, friable and damaged and made from amphibole or mixed fibre. If though, these are still in good condition, they do not pose a health problem. Asbestos-related diseases are very rare in those not occupationally exposed. Where they exist exposure has nearly always been to crocidolite. (author)

  6. Of minerals and men. [Discovery of new mineral species

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Waal, S.W. (Council for Mineral Technology, Randburg (South Africa))

    1983-01-01

    The rate of discovery of new mineral species appears to be on the increase in Southern Africa and classification and nomenclature, once haphazard, are now subject to international scientific screening and rules. Earlier names entrenched in the literature provide a fascinating background to the minerals scene.

  7. Pengembangan Diversifikasi Produk Pangan Olahan Lokal Bengkulu untuk Menun- jang Ketahanan Pangan Berkelanjutan Development of Bengkulu Local Food Processing Products Diversity to Support Sustainable Food Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wuri Marsigit

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to inventory and identify Bengkulu Local Food Processing Products diversity and the prospect to support sustainable food security. The study was conducted for about 9 months, from March to November 2009 in 10 regencies in Bengkulu Province. Respondents included 107 and met the following criteria: the owners of food home industry, restaurant, catering, cafeteria, and housewives who produce and sell food processing products. The respondents were interviewed using a structure questionnaire and randomly selected as a representation of coastal, downhill and uphill area. Collected data were analyzed descriptively. The results indicated that the raw materials of the products in costal area were dominated by fish and seafood (62.86 %, in downhill area were cereals, tubers and beans (61.11 %, and in uphill area were horticulture. Nutrient contents were dominated by carbohydrates (42.06 %. Majority of food producers had lack of knowledge and application of good manufacturing practices (93.46 %. Some of the products could be recommended to support the improvement of nutritional status for the community (39.25 % and the others were promoted as food packaging products (34.76 %. ABSTRAK Penelitian  ini  bertujuan  untuk  menginventarisir  dan  mengidentifikasi  jenis-jenis  pangan  olahan  lokal  Bengkulu, serta potensinya dalam menunjang ketahanan pangan berkelanjutan. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama lebih kurang8 bulan, yakni mulai Bulan Maret hingga Oktober 2009. Lokasi Penelitian meliputi 10 Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Bengkulu representasi wilayah pesisir, dataran rendah, dan dataran tinggi. Sebanyak 107 responden yang memenuhi kriteria yang ditentukan dijadikan sampel dalam penelitian ini. Data primer dikumpulkan dengan wawancara meng- gunakan kuesioner yang telah dipersiapkan, observasi dan dokumentasi produk. Pengolahan data dilakukan dengan tabulasi silang dan dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil Penelitian

  8. Plant macro- and micronutrient minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    All plants must obtain a number of inorganic mineral elements from their environment to ensure successful growth and development of both vegetative and reproductive tissues. A total of fourteen mineral nutrients are considered to be essential. Several other elements have been shown to have beneficia...

  9. Radioisotopes in plant mineral nutrition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, Bhupinder

    2016-01-01

    Extensive investigations on mineral composition of different plant species growing on various soils, helped in realizing that neither the presence nor the concentration of a mineral element in a plant can be regarded as a criterion for essentially. Plants have a limited capability for selective uptake of those mineral elements which are essential for their growth. They also take up mineral element which are not necessary for growth and may even be toxic. The mineral composition of plants growing in soils cannot, therefore, be used to establish essentially of a mineral element. Once this fact was appreciated, both water and sand culture experiments were carried out in which particular mineral elements were omitted. Von Sach and Knop are credited with reintroduction of the solution culture method using which they demonstrated the absolute requirement of ten macronutrients. As evident, these techniques made possible a more precise characterization of essentially of mineral elements and led to a better understanding of their role in plant metabolism. By the beginning of 20"t"h century importance of micronutrients like B, Mn, Cu, Mo and CI was also established

  10. Miners' strike 1984-85

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, L; Salter, S [comps.

    1985-01-01

    References relating to the 1984-85 UK miners strike are listed under the following subject headings: events and analysis - a chronological record; short term effects - coal stocks and supplies, electricity supplies, financial, industrial and economic; the miners and their leadership; social aspects - civil liberties, media coverage, mining communities, picketing, policing, the future; pit closures. 240 references.

  11. Minerals From the Marine Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruickshank, Michael J.

    The current interest in minerals centering on, among other things, potential shortages, long-term needs, and deep seabed nodules, accentuates the usefulness and timeliness of this little book authored by a former chairman of the British National Environmental Research Council.In less than 100 pages, the author puts into perspective the potential for producing minerals from offshore areas of the world. After introducing the reader to the ocean environment and the extraordinary variety of the nature of the seabed, the author describes in some detail the variety of minerals found there. This is done in seven separate chapters entitled ‘Bulk and Non-Metallic Minerals From the Seas’ ‘Metals From the Shallow Seas’ ‘Metals From the Deep Oceans’ ‘Minerals From Solution’ ‘Oil and Gas from the Shallow Seas’ ‘Oil and Gas From Deep Waters’ and ‘Coal Beneath the Sea.’ The remaining chapters give a brief regional review of marine minerals distribution for eight areas of significant socioeconomic structure, and a short recapitulation of special problems of mineral recovery in the marine environment including such matters as the effect of water motion on mineral processing and of international law on investments. Glossaries of geological periods and technical terms, a short list of references, and an index complete the work.

  12. Ways to defuse miners' anger

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1984-01-01

    The violence and riots which often occur with mining personnel are considered. The emotions and feelings which miners often experience because of their work environment are dealth with. From recognizing the pressures, the article then works to present methods to help defuse the miners' hostility and anger

  13. 77 FR 56273 - Conflict Minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-12

    ... auditor and to certify the audit. In addition, Section 13(p) requires the report to include a description.... Auditor Independence iii. Audit Objective 4. Recycled and Scrap Minerals a. Proposed Rules b. Comments on... Minerals Report must also identify the independent private sector auditor \\23\\ and certify the independent...

  14. Sulfide Mineral Surfaces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rosso, Kevin M.; Vaughan, David J.

    2006-01-01

    The past twenty years or so have seen dramatic development of the experimental and theoretical tools available to study the surfaces of solids at the molecular (?atomic resolution?) scale. On the experimental side, two areas of development well illustrate these advances. The first concerns the high intensity photon sources associated with synchrotron radiation; these have both greatly improved the surface sensitivity and spatial resolution of already established surface spectroscopic and diffraction methods, and enabled the development of new methods for studying surfaces. The second centers on the scanning probe microscopy (SPM) techniques initially developed in the 1980's with the first scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and atomic force microscope (AFM) experiments. The direct 'observation' of individual atoms at surfaces made possible with these methods has truly revolutionized surface science. On the theoretical side, the availability of high performance computers coupled with advances in computational modeling has provided powerful new tools to complement the advances in experiment. Particularly important have been the quantum mechanics based computational approaches such as density functional theory (DFT), which can now be easily used to calculate the equilibrium crystal structures of solids and surfaces from first principles, and to provide insights into their electronic structure. In this chapter, we review current knowledge of sulfide mineral surfaces, beginning with an overview of the principles relevant to the study of the surfaces of all crystalline solids. This includes the thermodynamics of surfaces, the atomic structure of surfaces (surface crystallography and structural stability, adjustments of atoms at the surface through relaxation or reconstruction, surface defects) and the electronic structure of surfaces. We then discuss examples where specific crystal surfaces have been studied, with the main sulfide minerals organized by structure type

  15. Sulfide Mineral Surfaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosso, Kevin M.; Vaughan, David J.

    2006-08-01

    The past twenty years or so have seen dramatic development of the experimental and theoretical tools available to study the surfaces of solids at the molecular (?atomic resolution?) scale. On the experimental side, two areas of development well illustrate these advances. The first concerns the high intensity photon sources associated with synchrotron radiation; these have both greatly improved the surface sensitivity and spatial resolution of already established surface spectroscopic and diffraction methods, and enabled the development of new methods for studying surfaces. The second centers on the scanning probe microscopy (SPM) techniques initially developed in the 1980's with the first scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and atomic force microscope (AFM) experiments. The direct 'observation' of individual atoms at surfaces made possible with these methods has truly revolutionized surface science. On the theoretical side, the availability of high performance computers coupled with advances in computational modeling has provided powerful new tools to complement the advances in experiment. Particularly important have been the quantum mechanics based computational approaches such as density functional theory (DFT), which can now be easily used to calculate the equilibrium crystal structures of solids and surfaces from first principles, and to provide insights into their electronic structure. In this chapter, we review current knowledge of sulfide mineral surfaces, beginning with an overview of the principles relevant to the study of the surfaces of all crystalline solids. This includes the thermodynamics of surfaces, the atomic structure of surfaces (surface crystallography and structural stability, adjustments of atoms at the surface through relaxation or reconstruction, surface defects) and the electronic structure of surfaces. We then discuss examples where specific crystal surfaces have been studied, with the main sulfide minerals organized by

  16. PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH BULU AYAM MENJADI BAHAN PAKAN IKAN DENGAN FERMENTASI Bacillus subtilis (Utilization of Waste Chicken Feather to Fish Feed Ingredients Material with Fermentation of Bacillus subtilis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dini Siswani Mulia

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memanfaatkan limbah bulu ayam menjadi bahan pakan ikan dengan fermentasi Bacillus subtilis. Penelitian menggunakan metode eksperimen dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL 4 perlakuan, 3 kali ulangan, yaitu P0 : tepung bulu ayam non fermentasi; P1 : fermentasi dengan inokulum B. subtilis 5 mL/2 g tepung bulu ayam; P2 : fermentasi dengan inokulum B. subtilis 10 mL/2 g tepung bulu ayam; P3 : fermentasi dengan inokulum B. subtilis 15 mL/2 g tepung bulu ayam. Parameter yang diamati adalah hasil uji proksimat meliputi kadar protein kasar, kadar air, kadar abu, kadar lemak kasar, kadar serat kasar, dan parameter pendukung yaitu uji organoleptik, berupa sifat fisik tepung bulu ayam, meliputi warna, tekstur, dan bau. Data berupa hasil uji proksimat dianalisis menggunakan ANAVA dan Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT dengan taraf uji 5%, sedangkan untuk data hasil organoleptik dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemanfaatan limbah bulu ayam menjadi bahan pakan ikan dapat dilakukan dengan fermentasi B. subtilis. Fermentasi tepung bulu ayam menggunakan B. subtillis dapat meningkatkan kualitas bahan baku pakan ikan. Perlakuan P2 (inokulum 10 mL/2 g tepung bulu ayamadalah perlakuan yang paling efektif karena menghasilkan protein tertinggi yaitu 80,59%, dengan perubahan sifat fisik menjadi putih sampai putih kekuningan (warna, lembut (tekstur, dan khas kurang menyengat (bau.   ABSTRACT This study aims to utilize waste chicken feathers into fish feed ingredients by fermentation of Bacillus subtilis. The research has done by experimental methods with completely randomized design (CRD 4 treatments, 3 repetitions, ie P0: non-fermented chicken feather meal; P1: fermentation with B. subtilis 5 mL inoculum/2 g chicken feather meal; P2: 10 mL/2 g chicken feather meal; P3: 15 mL/2 g chicken feather meal. Parameters measured were the proximate test results include the levels of crude protein

  17. Studi Pemanfaatan Catu Daya Hibrida PLTS 3,7 kWp Dan PLN Pada Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah Desa Pemecutan Kaja Denpasar Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aries Arimbawa

    2016-11-01

    penelitian yang ingin dicapai adalah pertama, evaluasi pemanfaatan dan kinerja PLTS, kedua  merencanakan model pengelolaan agar IPAL dapat berfungsi secara optimal dan berkelanjutan. Hasil penelitian ini menemukan bahwa rata-rata energi listrik yang dihasilkan PLTS yaitu 23,59 kWh/hari dengan harga energi sebesar Rp.7.766,25/kWh. Percobaan untuk membersihkan filter pada IPAL dapat mengurangi konsumsi energi harian dari 8,84 kWh menjadi 3,05 kWh atau 65%. Rumah tangga yang menjadi pengguna IPAL saat ini membayar iuran sebesar Rp 10.000. Namun, untuk operasi yang berkelanjutan dari IPAL, rumah tangga perlu membayar sebesar Rp 51.654. Kata kunci: Energi Terbarukan, PLTS, Pembangkit Listrik Hybrid, Pengolahan Limbah, Model Pengelolaan

  18. Economic drivers of mineral supply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Lorie A.; Sullivan, Daniel E.; Sznopek, John L.

    2003-01-01

    The debate over the adequacy of future supplies of mineral resources continues in light of the growing use of mineral-based materials in the United States. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the quantity of new materials utilized each year has dramatically increased from 161 million tons2 in 1900 to 3.2 billion tons in 2000. Of all the materials used during the 20th century in the United States, more than half were used in the last 25 years. With the Earth?s endowment of natural resources remaining constant, and increased demand for resources, economic theory states that as depletion approaches, prices rise. This study shows that many economic drivers (conditions that create an economic incentive for producers to act in a particular way) such as the impact of globalization, technological improvements, productivity increases, and efficient materials usage are at work simultaneously to impact minerals markets and supply. As a result of these economic drivers, the historical price trend of mineral prices3 in constant dollars has declined as demand has risen. When price is measured by the cost in human effort, the price trend also has been almost steadily downward. Although the United States economy continues its increasing mineral consumption trend, the supply of minerals has been able to keep pace. This study shows that in general supply has grown faster than demand, causing a declining trend in mineral prices.

  19. Glycine Polymerization on Oxide Minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitadai, Norio; Oonishi, Hiroyuki; Umemoto, Koichiro; Usui, Tomohiro; Fukushi, Keisuke; Nakashima, Satoru

    2017-06-01

    It has long been suggested that mineral surfaces played an important role in peptide bond formation on the primitive Earth. However, it remains unclear which mineral species was key to the prebiotic processes. This is because great discrepancies exist among the reported catalytic efficiencies of minerals for amino acid polymerizations, owing to mutually different experimental conditions. This study examined polymerization of glycine (Gly) on nine oxide minerals (amorphous silica, quartz, α-alumina and γ-alumina, anatase, rutile, hematite, magnetite, and forsterite) using identical preparation, heating, and analytical procedures. Results showed that a rutile surface is the most effective site for Gly polymerization in terms of both amounts and lengths of Gly polymers synthesized. The catalytic efficiency decreased as rutile > anatase > γ-alumina > forsterite > α- alumina > magnetite > hematite > quartz > amorphous silica. Based on reported molecular-level information for adsorption of Gly on these minerals, polymerization activation was inferred to have arisen from deprotonation of the NH3 + group of adsorbed Gly to the nucleophilic NH2 group, and from withdrawal of electron density from the carboxyl carbon to the surface metal ions. The orientation of adsorbed Gly on minerals is also a factor influencing the Gly reactivity. The examination of Gly-mineral interactions under identical experimental conditions has enabled the direct comparison of various minerals' catalytic efficiencies and has made discussion of polymerization mechanisms and their relative influences possible Further systematic investigations using the approach reported herein (which are expected to be fruitful) combined with future microscopic surface analyses will elucidate the role of minerals in the process of abiotic peptide bond formation.

  20. Glycine Polymerization on Oxide Minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitadai, Norio; Oonishi, Hiroyuki; Umemoto, Koichiro; Usui, Tomohiro; Fukushi, Keisuke; Nakashima, Satoru

    2017-06-01

    It has long been suggested that mineral surfaces played an important role in peptide bond formation on the primitive Earth. However, it remains unclear which mineral species was key to the prebiotic processes. This is because great discrepancies exist among the reported catalytic efficiencies of minerals for amino acid polymerizations, owing to mutually different experimental conditions. This study examined polymerization of glycine (Gly) on nine oxide minerals (amorphous silica, quartz, α-alumina and γ-alumina, anatase, rutile, hematite, magnetite, and forsterite) using identical preparation, heating, and analytical procedures. Results showed that a rutile surface is the most effective site for Gly polymerization in terms of both amounts and lengths of Gly polymers synthesized. The catalytic efficiency decreased as rutile > anatase > γ-alumina > forsterite > α- alumina > magnetite > hematite > quartz > amorphous silica. Based on reported molecular-level information for adsorption of Gly on these minerals, polymerization activation was inferred to have arisen from deprotonation of the NH 3 + group of adsorbed Gly to the nucleophilic NH 2 group, and from withdrawal of electron density from the carboxyl carbon to the surface metal ions. The orientation of adsorbed Gly on minerals is also a factor influencing the Gly reactivity. The examination of Gly-mineral interactions under identical experimental conditions has enabled the direct comparison of various minerals' catalytic efficiencies and has made discussion of polymerization mechanisms and their relative influences possible Further systematic investigations using the approach reported herein (which are expected to be fruitful) combined with future microscopic surface analyses will elucidate the role of minerals in the process of abiotic peptide bond formation.

  1. herbage mineral nutrition indexed as tools for rapid mineral status

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    mineral indices were calculated from chemical analysis with a view to generate relevant fertilisation recommenda- tions. Although the dry .... P, and K established in temperate climate (Blanfort ..... like rotational grazing rhythms or stocking rates.

  2. Mineral mining machines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mc Gaw, B H

    1984-01-01

    A machine for mining minerals is patented. It is a cutter loader with a drum actuating element of the worm type equipped with a multitude of cutting teeth reinforced with tungsten carbide. A feature of the patented machine is that all of the cutting teeth and holders on the drum have the identical design. This is achieved through selecting a slant angle for the cutting teeth which is the mean between the slant angle of the conventional radial teeth and the slant angle of the advance teeth. This, in turn, is provided thanks to the corresponding slant of the holders relative to the drum and (or) the slant of the cutting part of the teeth relative to their stems. Thus, the advance teeth projecting beyond the surface of the drum on the face side and providing upper and lateral clearances have the same angle of attack as the radial teeth, that is, from 20 to 35 degrees. A series of modifications of the cutting teeth is patented. One of the designs allows the cutting tooth to occupy a varying position relative to the drum, from the conventional vertical to an inverted, axially projecting position. In the last case the tooth in the extraction process provides the upper and lateral clearances for the drum on the face side. Among the different modifications of the cutting teeth, a design is proposed which provides for the presence of a stem which is shaped like a truncated cone. This particular stem is designed for use jointly with a wedge which unfastens the teeth and is placed in a holder. The latter is completed in a transverse slot thanks to which the rear end of the stem is compressed, which simplifies replacement of a tooth. Channels are provided in the patented machine for feeding water to the worm spiral, the holders and the cutting teeth themselves in order to deal with dust.

  3. Vitamins and Minerals in Kidney Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Donate A to Z Health Guide Vitamins and Minerals in Kidney Disease Tweet Share Print Email Are ... you need to know. What are vitamins and minerals? Vitamins and minerals are substances your body needs ...

  4. 76 FR 44892 - Information Collection; Locatable Minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ... DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service Information Collection; Locatable Minerals AGENCY: Forest... on the extension of a currently approved information collection, Locatable Minerals-36 CFR part 228...: Comments concerning this notice should be addressed to: USDA, Forest Service, Minerals and Geology...

  5. Isotope analysis of closely adjacent minerals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, M.P.

    1990-01-01

    This patent describes a method of determining an indicator of at least one of hydrocarbon formation, migration, and accumulation during mineral development. It comprises: searching for a class of minerals in a mineral specimen comprising more than one class of minerals; identifying in the mineral specimen a target sample of the thus searched for class; directing thermally pyrolyzing laser beam radiation onto surface mineral substance of the target sample in the mineral specimen releasing surface mineral substance pyrolysate gases therefrom; and determining isotope composition essentially of the surface mineral substance from analyzing the pyrolysate gases released from the thus pyrolyzed target sample, the isotope composition including isotope(s) selected from the group consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen isotopes; determining an indicator of at least one of hydrocarbon formation, migration, and accumulation during mineral development of the target mineral from thus determined isotope composition of surface mineral substance pyrolysate

  6. [Vitamins and Minerals in Oncology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holch, Julian Walter; Michl, Marlies; Heinemann, Volker; Erickson, Nicole

    2017-06-01

    The use of vitamins and minerals to prevent cancer as well as their supportive use in oncological patients is widespread and often occurs without the knowledge of the treating physician. Beyond general recommendations with regard to a balanced and healthy diet, no evidence exists supporting the use of vitamins and minerals in the prevention of cancer. Furthermore, the diet of oncological patients should contain vitamins and minerals of the same quantity as for healthy individuals. In particular, there is currently no rationale for a high-dosage administration of antioxidants. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  7. Refractory, Abrasive and Other Industrial Mineral Operations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This map layer includes refractory, abrasive, and other industrial minerals operations in the United States. The data represent commodities covered by the Minerals...

  8. BET measurements: Outgassing of minerals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Liselotte; Fabricius, Ida Lykke

    2000-01-01

    Outgassing minerals at elevated temperatures prior to BET measurements can lead to phase changes, especially in the case of amorphous and poorly crystalline materials. In order to evaluate the applicability of the BET method when low outgassing temperatures are required, selected aquifer minerals...... were outgassed at different temperatures and for different times. The studied minerals are 2-line ferrihydrite, goethite, lepidocrocite, quartz, calcite, ®-alumina, and kaolinite. The results demonstrate that measured specific surface areas of iron oxides are strongly dependent on outgassing conditions...... because the surface area increased by 170% with increasing temperature. In the poorly crystalline minerals, phase changes caused by heating were observed at temperatures lower than 100±C. Therefore low outgassing temperatures are preferable for minimizing phase changes. As demonstrated in this study...

  9. GHGRP Minerals Sector Industrial Profile

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA's Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program periodically produces detailed profiles of the various industries that report under the program. The profiles available for download below contain detailed analyses for the Minerals industry.

  10. Infrared spectra of mineral species

    CERN Document Server

    Chukanov, Nikita V

    2014-01-01

    This book details more than 3,000 IR spectra of more than 2,000 mineral species collected during last 30 years. It features full descriptions and analytical data of each sample for which IR spectrum was obtained.

  11. (MEPE) mineralization ability in vitro

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jane

    matrix proteins and is associated with bone and teeth mineralization. We developed .... acetic acid) and bands were visualized by dynamic integrated exposure using .... approximate agreement with the expected molecular size. Purification of.

  12. Mineral exploration in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Johnson, C.J.; Clark, A.L.

    1988-01-01

    The chapter provides an overview and comparisons of mineral exploration in Botswana and Papua New Guinea, including selection comparisons with Australia and Canada. It describes the history of exploration in Botswana and PNG. The concluding section summarizes the findings

  13. Hydrometalurgical processes for mineral complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barskij, L.A.; Danil'chenko, L.M.

    1977-01-01

    Requirements for the technology of the processing of ores including uranium ores and principal stages of the working out of technological schemes are described in brief. There are reference data on commercial minerals and ores including uranium-thorium ores, their classification with due regard for physical, chemical and superficial properties which form the basis for ore-concentrating processes. There are also presented the classification of minerals including uranium minerals by their flotation ability, flotation regimes of minerals, structural-textural characteristics of ores, genetic types of ore formations and their concentrating ability, algorithmization of the apriori evaluation of the concentration and technological diagnostics of the processing of ores. The classification of ore concentration technique is suggested

  14. VT Mineral Resources - MRDS Extract

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — (Link to Metadata) MRDSVT is an extract from the Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS) covering the State of Vermont only. MRDS database contains the records provided...

  15. Mineral resources potential of Antarctica

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Splettstoesser, John F; Dreschhoff, Gisela A. M

    1990-01-01

    .... This volume of the Antarctic Research Series results from an attempt to assemble a summary of current factual knowledge and scientific data related to issues of mineral resources in Antarctica...

  16. Hydrokinesitherapy in thermal mineral water

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rendulić-Slivar Senka

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The treatment of clients in health spa resorts entails various forms of hydrotherapy. Due to specific properties of water, especially thermal mineral waters, hydrokinesitherapy has a positive effect on the locomotor system, aerobic capabilities of organism and overall quality of human life. The effects of use of water in movement therapy are related to the physical and chemical properties of water. The application of hydrotherapy entails precautionary measures, with an individual approach in assessment and prescription. The benefits of treatment in thermal mineral water should be emphasized and protected, as all thermal mineral waters differ in composition. All physical properties of water are more pronounced in thermal mineral waters due to its mineralisation, hence its therapeutical efficiency is greater, as well.

  17. BLM Colorado Federal Mineral Estate

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of the Interior — Shapefile Format –This Federal Mineral Estate (Subsurface) dataset is a result of combining data sets that were collected at each BLM Colorado Field Office and using...

  18. Mineral resources of Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kušnír Imrich

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Vietnam je bohatý na nerastné suroviny, ktoré sa nachádzajú prevažne na severe krajiny. Ložiská bauxitov, fosfátov, vzácnych zemín (REE, majú svetový význam. Ale i zásoby celého radu ïalších surovín (ropy, uhlia, zlata, železných rúd, chromitu, cínu, ilmenitu, medi, grafitu, atï. sú významné, ekonomicky ažite¾né a ich potenciál je obrovský. Za uvedené nerastné bohatstvo je „zodpovednᓠrozmanitá geologická stavba krajiny. Taktiež i morfológia a klíma (vlhká, tropická prispeli ku vytvoreniu niektorých ložísk (bauxity v krasových priehlbniach, atï.. Súèasná produkcia, okrem ropy (3,5 Mt/rok, zahròuje: 10,7 Mt uhlia, 3,5 Mt chromitu, asi 1 000 kg zlata, grafitu, kaolínu a mnohé iné minerály. Napriek tomu, je banícky priemysel v porovnaní so surovinovou základòou slabo vyvinutý. K jeho rozvoju urèite prispeje i úèas zahranièných spoloèností, odnedávna prítomných pri prieskume a ažbe surovín urèených pre export. Okrem struèného úvodu do geológie krajiny, obsahuje tento èlánok krátky popis nerastného bohatstva Vietnamu.

  19. Inhalation hazards to underground miners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beckman, R.T.

    1988-01-01

    Massive radon-daughter exposures to miners have caused lung cancer for centuries. Exposures in US uranium mines have been regulated for 15 years and, during this time, relatively few miners have been exposed to over 4 WLM year. Present trends are toward lower annual exposures and shorter working lives. The net effect has been to hold cumulative lifetime exposures well below the level at which statistically significant excess risk has been shown

  20. Lung Cancer in uranium miners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhou Chundi; Fan Jixiong; Wang Liuhu; Huang Yiehan; Nie Guanghua

    1987-01-01

    This paper analyese the clinical data of 39 uranium miners with lung cancer and of 20 patients with lung cancer who have not been exposed to uranium as control. The age of uranium miners with lung cancer was 36∼61 with an average of 48.8, nine years earlier than that of the control group (57.3). In the uranium miner patients the right lung was more susceptible to cancer than the left, the ratio being 2.5:1. However, in the control group the right lung had an equal incidence of cancer as the left lung. The relative frequency of small cell anaplastic carcinoma in uranium miner was higher than that in the control group. In the miner patients the mean occupation history was 11.1 ± 5.2 years; the exposure dose to radon and its daughters in 50% patients was 0.504J(120 WLM). The etiologic factor of lung cancer in uranium miners is strongly attributed, in addition to smoking, to the exposure to radon and its daughters in uranium mines

  1. Study on mineral processing technology for abrasive minerals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, Seong Woong; Yang, Jung Il; Hwang, Seon Kook; Choi, Yeon Ho; Cho, Ken Joon; Shin, Hee Young [Korea Inst. of Geology Mining and Materials, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-12-01

    Buyeo Materials in Buyeogun, Choongnam province is a company producing feldspar concentrate, but does not yet utilize the garnet as abrasive material and other useful heavy minerals wasted out from the process of feldspar ore. The purpose of this study is to develop technology and process for the recovery of garnet concentrate. As results, the garnet is defined as ferro manganese garnet. The optimum process for recovery of garnet concentrate is to primarily concentrate heavy minerals from tailings of feldspar processing. And secondly the heavy minerals concentrated is dried and separated garnet concentrate from other heavy minerals. At this time, the garnet concentrate is yield by 0.176%wt from 0.31%wt of heavy minerals in head ore. The garnet concentrate contains 33.35% SiO{sub 2}, 12.20% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, 28.47% Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, 11.96% MnO. As for utilization of abrasive materials, a fundamental data was established on technology of grinding and classification. (author). 13 refs., 47 figs., 24 tabs.

  2. Mineral commodity profiles: nitrogen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, Deborah A.

    2004-01-01

    Overview -- Nitrogen (N) is an essential element of life and a part of all animal and plant proteins. As a part of the DNA and RNA molecules, nitrogen is an essential constituent of each individual's genetic blueprint. As an essential element in the chlorophyll molecule, nitrogen is vital to a plant's ability to photosynthesize. Some crop plants, such as alfalfa, peas, peanuts, and soybeans, can convert atmospheric nitrogen into a usable form by a process referred to as 'fixation.' Most of the nitrogen that is available for crop production, however, comes from decomposing animal and plant waste or from commercially produced fertilizers. Commercial fertilizers contain nitrogen in the form of ammonium and/or nitrate or in a form that is quickly converted to the ammonium or nitrate form once the fertilizer is applied to the soil. Ammonia is generally the source of nitrogen in fertilizers. Anhydrous ammonia is commercially produced by reacting nitrogen with hydrogen under high temperatures and pressures. The source of nitrogen is the atmosphere, which is almost 80 percent nitrogen. Hydrogen is derived from a variety of raw materials, which include water, and crude oil, coal, and natural gas hydrocarbons. Nitrogen-based fertilizers are produced from ammonia feedstocks through a variety of chemical processes. Small quantities of nitrates are produced from mineral resources principally in Chile. In 2002, anhydrous ammonia and other nitrogen materials were produced in more than 70 countries. Global ammonia production was 108 million metric tons (Mt) of contained nitrogen. With 28 percent of this total, China was the largest producer of ammonia. Asia contributed 46 percent of total world ammonia production, and countries of the former U.S.S.R. represented 13 percent. North America also produced 13 percent of the total; Western Europe, 9 percent; the Middle East, 7 percent; Central America and South America, 5 percent; Eastern Europe, 3 percent; and Africa and Oceania

  3. [Mineral water as a cure].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nocco, Priska Binz

    2008-01-01

    The treatment of diseases with mineral spring water belongs to the oldest medical therapies. The "remedy" mineral water is therefore of importance also within the pharmacy. The present pharmacy historical work examines the impact of the use of mineral waters, as well as of their dried components, as therapeutic agents in the 19th and early 20th centuries, i.e. from approx. 1810 to 1930, as well as the contributions given by pharmacists in the development and analysis of mineral water springs. Beside these aspects, the aim here is also to describe the role played by pharmacists in the production of artificial mineral water as well as in the sale and wholesale of natural and artificial mineral water. In the first part of this work the situation in Switzerland and its surrounding countries, such as Germany, France, Italy and Austria, is discussed. The second part contains a case-study of the particular situation in the Canton Tessin. It is known from the scientific literature published at that time that information on mineral water was frequently reported. Starting from the beginning of the 19th century the number of such publications increased tremendously. The major part of them were publications in scientific journals or contributions to medical and pharmaceutical manuals and reference books. In particular the spa-related literature, such as spa-guides, was of growing interest to a broad public. The inclusion of monographs into the Swiss, the Cantonal as well the foreign pharmacopoeias granted a legal frame for the mineral waters and their dried components. These works are of major importance from a pharmacy historical standpoint and represent a unique proof of historical evidence of the old medicinal drug heritage. The most frequently used therapies based on mineral waters were drinking and bath cures. Several diseases, particularly those of a chronic character, were treated with mineral waters. The positive influence of these cures on the recovery of the patients

  4. Minerals yearbook: The mineral industry of Brazil. 1988 international review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ensminger, H.R.

    1988-01-01

    Brazil's gross domestic product (GDP) grew only slightly in 1988 to $277 billion at current prices. The growth rate was the smallest registered since 1983, when the rate was minus 2.8%. The economy's performance was strongly influenced by a 2% to 3% decrease in industrial production and civil construction. The mineral industry, however, countered the downward trend in the industrial sector and grew a modest 1.4%. Topics discussed in the report include the following: Government policies and programs; Production; Trade; Commodity review--Metals (Aluminum, Aluminia, and Bauxite, Columbium, Copper, Gold, Iron and Steel, Manganese, Tin, Titanium); Industrial Minerals (Gem stones, Phosphate rock, Quartz); Mineral fuels (Coal, Natural gas, Petroleum, Nuclear power); Nonmineral energy sources (Alcohol, Hydroelectric)

  5. 21 CFR 573.680 - Mineral oil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mineral oil. 573.680 Section 573.680 Food and... Listing § 573.680 Mineral oil. Mineral oil may be safely used in animal feed, subject to the provisions of this section. (a) Mineral oil, for the purpose of this section, is that complying with the definition...

  6. Hyperspectral analysis of clay minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janaki Rama Suresh, G.; Sreenivas, K.; Sivasamy, R.

    2014-11-01

    A study was carried out by collecting soil samples from parts of Gwalior and Shivpuri district, Madhya Pradesh in order to assess the dominant clay mineral of these soils using hyperspectral data, as 0.4 to 2.5 μm spectral range provides abundant and unique information about many important earth-surface minerals. Understanding the spectral response along with the soil chemical properties can provide important clues for retrieval of mineralogical soil properties. The soil samples were collected based on stratified random sampling approach and dominant clay minerals were identified through XRD analysis. The absorption feature parameters like depth, width, area and asymmetry of the absorption peaks were derived from spectral profile of soil samples through DISPEC tool. The derived absorption feature parameters were used as inputs for modelling the dominant soil clay mineral present in the unknown samples using Random forest approach which resulted in kappa accuracy of 0.795. Besides, an attempt was made to classify the Hyperion data using Spectral Angle Mapper (SAM) algorithm with an overall accuracy of 68.43 %. Results showed that kaolinite was the dominant mineral present in the soils followed by montmorillonite in the study area.

  7. Mineral matter reactions in cokes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D. French; R. Sakurovs; M. Grigore [CSIRO Energy Technology (Australia)

    2009-07-15

    Some cokes appear to be particularly susceptible to weakening in the blast furnace. A mechanism which has been postulated to explain this is silica reduction by coke. Thus this project was initiated to ascertain the behaviour of quartz and silicates in coke with an emphasis on the role of the clay minerals. It is now possible to obtain quantitative mineralogical data and, the case of coal, to also obtain quantitative data on mineral grain size, shape and association through the use of automated electron beam image analysis techniques. This new ability can allow relationships between the amount of minerals in a coke and its reactivity to be established for the first time. Samples of five Australian coking coals were selected based upon quartz and clay mineral contents, mineral grain size and association. Samples were also provided by BlueScope Steel of coal, feed coke, and tuyere coke samples from the bosh, deadman and raceway regions of the blast furnace. The analytical work program conducted was as follows: Preparation of cokes by CSIRO; Petrography of starting coals and cokes; QEMSCAN of coals; LTA and XRD of starting coals and cokes; Coke reactivity tests (NSC and small scale); Petrography, LTA and XRD of reacted cokes; Petrographic and XRD examination of heat treated cokes. This study indicates that the NSC reactivity test does not adequately reflect the behaviour of coke in the lower part of the blast furnace. Further investigation of the behaviour of coke in the lower part of the blast furnace is required.

  8. Welzijnsbeleid in de lokale samenleving

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W. Wiertsema; L.A.J. Cordia; A.A.M. van Egeraat; J.E. Heikoop; M.H. Kwekkeboom; A.W. van der Pennen; V. Veldheer

    1993-01-01

    Een omschrijving wordt gegeven van het begrip 'welzijn'. Aandacht wordt geschonken aan de taak die de overheid in de huidige tijd vervult ten aanzien van het welzijn. Nadat de opzet van het onderzoek wordt aangegeven, wordt een beschrijving gegeven van het monitoring-systeem waarmee de

  9. KEPEMIMPINAN LOKAL ERA PILKADA LANGSUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susilo Utomo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this research is to answer problem “figures leadership of Goverment”. Like what in idealizing by society-elector Central Java in election of governor Central Java 2008 ago. By using method research of survey including 6 sub-province / town, 18 district, 54 countryside / sub-district and 2400 responder, which taking pursuant to multi stage random sampling. In fact elected of Bibit Waluyo – Rustriningsih in election of governor in Central Java because the couple have ideal leadership marking as which desiring by society-elector of Central Java, that is value local leadership society of Central Java.

  10. Lokale partnerskaber for udsatte unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørck, Line Lerche; Johannsen, Charlotte; Kristensen, Karina Byskov

    frem af det hul i uddannelsessystemet, der i dag eksisterer i forhold til at hjælpe nogle af samfundets mest udsatte unge videre i uddannelse. Produktionsskolerne har en lang tradition for at rumme netop denne målgruppe – men for nogle unge er afstanden mellem produktionsskolens rummelige læringsmiljø...

  11. AKULTURASI ISLAM DENGAN BUDAYA LOKAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Sriyanto

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, especially in Java, it is difficult to flnd pure and original actualization of Islam. This condition is influenced by the Javanese and Hinduism traditions which had been tightly held by the society before the arrival of Islam. These traditions really influence the spread of Islam. Da’wa cultural approaches which were applied by Da ’i greatly influences the existence of Islam at this time. Without dismissing or changing the social culture, Islamic values are inserted to them and people can easily accept Islam. However, there is a negative effect of this model, which causes the occurrence of sincretism between a religion, in this case, Islam and local culture.

  12. GURU MENDONGENG KEARIFAN LOKAL BANYUMASAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugeng Priyadi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Teachers skills in the collection and writing of folklore needs to be improved so that the cultural heritage of ancestors can be preserved. Furthermore, teachers develop learning model with storytelling folklore virtue that can be absorbed by the students. Learning model mythlogos- ethos could explain the mandate contained in folklore. The mandate is a form of local wisdom through character education. Keywords: folktale, local wisdom

  13. Proton induced luminescence of minerals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calvo del Castillo, H.; Millan, A.; Calderon, T. [Depto. Geologia y Geoquimica, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Ctra. Colmenar, km. 15, 28049, Madrid (Spain); Beneitez, P. [Departamento Quimica Fisica Aplicada, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid Cantoblanco, Madrid (Spain); Ruvalcaba S, J.L. [lFUNAM, Circuito de la lnvestigacion Cientifica s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2008-07-01

    This paper presents a summary of Ionoluminescence (IL) for several minerals commonly found in jewellery pieces and/or artefacts of historical interest. Samples including silicates and non-silicates (native elements, halide, oxide, carbonate and phosphate groups) have been excited with a 1.8 MeV proton beam, and IL spectra in the range of 200- 900 nm have been collected for each one using a fiber optic coupled spectrometer. Light emissions have been related to Cr{sup 3+}, Mn{sup 2+} and Pr{sup 3+} ions, as well as intrinsic defects in these minerals. Results show the potential of IL for impurity characterization with high detection limits, local symmetry studies, and the study of the origin of minerals. (Author)

  14. Preparation of synthetic standard minerals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Herrick, C.C.; Bustamante, S.J.; Charls, R.W.; Cowan, R.E.; Hakkila, E.A.; Hull, D.E.; Olinger, B.W.; Roof, R.B.; Sheinberg, H.; Herrick, G.C.

    1978-01-01

    A number of techniques for synthetic mineral preparations have been examined. These techniques include hot-pressing in graphite dies at moderate pressures, high-pressure, high-temperature synthesis in a piston and cylinder apparatus, isostatic pressing under helium gas pressures, hydrous mineral preparations using water as the pressure medium, explosion-generated shock waves, and radiofrequency heating. Minerals suitable for equation-of-state studies (three-inch, high-density discs), for thermodynamic property determinations (low-density powders) and for microprobe standards (fusion-cast microbeads) have been prepared. Mechanical stress-strain calculations in the piston-cylinder apparatus have been initiated and their integration with thermal stress calculations is currently under investigation

  15. New french uranium mineral species

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Branche, G.; Chervet, J.; Guillemin, C.

    1952-01-01

    In this work, the authors study the french new uranium minerals: parsonsite and renardite, hydrated phosphates of lead and uranium; kasolite: silicate hydrated of uranium and lead uranopilite: sulphate of uranium hydrated; bayleyite: carbonate of uranium and of hydrated magnesium; β uranolite: silicate of uranium and of calcium hydrated. For all these minerals, the authors give the crystallographic, optic characters, and the quantitative chemical analyses. On the other hand, the following species, very rare in the french lodgings, didn't permit to do quantitative analyses. These are: the lanthinite: hydrated uranate oxide; the α uranotile: silicate of uranium and of calcium hydrated; the bassetite: uranium phosphate and of hydrated iron; the hosphuranylite: hydrated uranium phosphate; the becquerelite: hydrated uranium oxide; the curite: oxide of uranium and lead hydrated. Finally, the authors present at the end of this survey a primary mineral: the brannerite, complex of uranium titanate. (author) [fr

  16. KeyPathwayMinerWeb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    List, Markus; Alcaraz, Nicolas; Dissing-Hansen, Martin

    2016-01-01

    , for instance), KeyPathwayMiner extracts connected sub-networks containing a high number of active or differentially regulated genes (proteins, metabolites) in the molecular profiles. The web interface at (http://keypathwayminer.compbio.sdu.dk) implements all core functionalities of the KeyPathwayMiner tool set......We present KeyPathwayMinerWeb, the first online platform for de novo pathway enrichment analysis directly in the browser. Given a biological interaction network (e.g. protein-protein interactions) and a series of molecular profiles derived from one or multiple OMICS studies (gene expression...... such as data integration, input of background knowledge, batch runs for parameter optimization and visualization of extracted pathways. In addition to an intuitive web interface, we also implemented a RESTful API that now enables other online developers to integrate network enrichment as a web service...

  17. Radon risk in ore miners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beno, M.

    1997-01-01

    Underground workers are exposed to various clastogenic agents. One of these agents, radon, attracts attention of recent research as it causes lung cancer in the population occupationally exposed to its various concentrations especially in mine air of uranium mines or ore mines. This paper is a pilot study in which the numbers of chromosomal aberrations (CA) in lymphocytes of ore mines (Nizna Slana-iron ore, Hnusta-talc ore) located in east central Slovakia were followed and related to the lifetime underground radon exposure and to lifetime smoking. Seventy miners volunteering after an informed consent served as donors of venous blood. Twenty healthy pro-bands, age matched with the miners, which never worked underground (mostly clerks) served as donors of control blood samples. The exposure to radon and smoking has been estimated according to working-records and personal anamnesis. The findings unequivocally showed a small but statistically significant clastogenic effect of the exposure to underground environment of the mines concerned. This study has shown also a small but significant influence of smoking, which in the subgroup of miners working underground less than 1500 shifts may have acted synergically with the underground exposure. It was concluded tat: (1) Significantly higher counts of chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes of 70 miners than in an age matched control group of 20 white-collar workers were found; (2) The higher counts of chromosomal aberrations could be ascribed to underground exposure of miners and to smoking; (3) The positive dependence of the number of chromosomal aberrations from the exposure to smoking was loose and it was expressed by significantly higher chromosomal aberrations counts in the group of miners working less than 1500 shifts underground; (4) A dependence of chromosomal aberrations counts from the exposure to radon could not be assessed. At relatively low numbers of pro-bands in subgroups it was not ruled out the confounding

  18. International availability of energy minerals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    White, N A

    1978-09-01

    Whereas the ultimate world supply of energy minerals--defined as fossil fuels and fissile materials--is controlled by geological factors, the actual supply at any particular time is controlled by economic feasibility, technological innovations and/or political decisions. This paper identifies and discusses the principal uncertainties surrounding the international availability of energy minerals from now until the end of the century. Genuine shortages of energy minerals are now of a very long-term nature, whereas artificial ones may occur at any time and have a serious effect on the world economy due to the dependence of most OECD countries on imports of energy minerals. This paper argues that events over the last decade will progressively lead to a major, long-lasting transformation of the energy scene worldwide. This transformation will encompass demand, in terms of conservation and efficiency, the supply mix of the various energy minerals, the supply system and the structure of the different energy industries. It is already affecting the role of governments and reaching into the question of national sovereignty, thereby making energy minerals a key area of international relations. In all these respects, this paper concludes that we have entered an era that is quite different from those we have experienced in the past. As well as requiring many new technological innovations, more importantly, attention must be focused on the development of new approaches to meeting the energy industries' capital requirements in the decades ahead--first, because of the changing character of the energy industries and the magnitude of their financial requirements; secondly, because of the nature of the uncertainties with which they are faced; and thirdly, because of the constantly shifting and increasingly complex world capital market conditions.

  19. Economical characteristics of base types of minerals. 1. Metallic minerals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khasanov, A.Kh.

    1990-01-01

    Metallic minerals is raw materials base of black and colour metallurgy. In this article of book author describes the group of black metals (iron, manganese, chromium), group of tempers (titanium, vanadium, nickel, cobalt, molybdenum, tungsten), colour metals (copper, lead, zinc, aluminium, tin, mercury, antimony, bismuth) and etc.

  20. Fault rocks and uranium mineralization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tong Hangshou.

    1991-01-01

    The types of fault rocks, microstructural characteristics of fault tectonite and their relationship with uranium mineralization in the uranium-productive granite area are discussed. According to the synthetic analysis on nature of stress, extent of crack and microstructural characteristics of fault rocks, they can be classified into five groups and sixteen subgroups. The author especially emphasizes the control of cataclasite group and fault breccia group over uranium mineralization in the uranium-productive granite area. It is considered that more effective study should be made on the macrostructure and microstructure of fault rocks. It is of an important practical significance in uranium exploration

  1. Platinum-group element mineralization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gruenewaldt, G.

    1985-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation is to determine the geological processes responsible for the abnormal enrichment of the platinum-group elements (PGE) in the mineralized layers of the Bushveld Complex. Questions asked are: what processes caused enrichment of the Bushveld magma in the PGE ; by what processes were these PGE concentrated in the mineralized layers ; was contamination of the Bushveld magma from external sources important in the formation of the PGE enriched layers ; what are the effects of fractional crystallization on the PGE ratios

  2. PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS PEMANFAATAN SUMBER BELAJAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramli Abdullah

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Learning sources play important roles in solving the learning problem. They are commonly identified as messages, people, material, tool, technique, and setting. To achieve a maximum output, it is needed to develop learning sources which are managed systematically, certifiably, and functionally. The use of various learning sources in many educational institution is indeed always influenced by some factors such as internal factor which dominantly influences the teaching learning process. It can be in the form of awareness, motivation, attitude, aptitude, metacognition, ability, skill, and the user comfortness. Another factor is called external one which influences the availability of various learning sources, its quantity, accessibility, the teaching learning process, room, human resources, also tradition and the school system. Teacher and students at schools admitted that the learning sources in their school are still limited, therefore it is needed a serious efforts to provide them.

  3. PEMANFAATAN INTERNET SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rediana Setiyani

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This study has objectives to know (1 the ways / patterns of Internet usage by accounting students of Economics Faculty, Unnes in the academic year of 2009/2010, (2 the benefits of Internet to support the studying of accounting students of Economics Faculty, Unnes in the academic year of 2009/2010 (3 the difference of internet usage as a learning resource among accounting students in 4th semester, 1st and 3rd semester of Economics Faculty at Unnes III in the academic year of 2009/2010. The populations of the study are all accounting program students of Economics Faculty, Unnes. The sampling technique used was stratified random sampling. Method of data collection was questionnaire. Technique of data analysis was descriptive analysis and One Way ANOVA test. The results of this study showed that students who used wifi / hotspot for internet were 57%, students who used the internet cafe were 29.7%, and 13.3% students via modem. Benefit of Internet in supporting their studying was in good categorization, it means that students were sure when they got more information; it would improve their achievement also. There are differences in Internet usage as a learning source by students in II semester and IV semester, students in II semester and  VI semester, students in IV semester and VI semester, students in IV semester  and VIII semester, students in VI semester and VIII semester. On the other hand, students in II semester and VIII semester were not different. From the results above, the suggestions are: 1 the hotspot area should be increased on the campus; so students can easily access anywhere, 2 the speed of internet access is also added, so students can quickly download information related to their studying, 3 students can take the advantages of hotspot areas in the campus as much as possible so they can get more information and 4 Students should not rely on textbooks only, but also should look for other information that supports their studying.

  4. PEMANFAATAN INTERNET SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rediana Setiyani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study has objectives to know (1 the ways / patterns of Internet usage by accounting students of Economics Faculty, Unnes in the academic year of 2009/2010, (2 the benefits of Internet to support the studying of accounting students of Economics Faculty, Unnes in the academic year of 2009/2010 (3 the difference of internet usage as a learning resource among accounting students in 4th semester, 1st and 3rd semester of Economics Faculty at Unnes III in the academic year of 2009/2010. The populations of the study are all accounting program students of Economics Faculty, Unnes. The sampling technique used was stratified random sampling. Method of data collection was questionnaire. Technique of data analysis was descriptive analysis and One Way ANOVA test. The results of this study showed that students who used wifi / hotspot for internet were 57%, students who used the internet cafe were 29.7%, and 13.3% students via modem. Benefit of Internet in supporting their studying was in good categorization, it means that students were sure when they got more information; it would improve their achievement also. There are differences in Internet usage as a learning source by students in II semester and IV semester, students in II semester and  VI semester, students in IV semester and VI semester, students in IV semester  and VIII semester, students in VI semester and VIII semester. On the other hand, students in II semester and VIII semester were not different. From the results above, the suggestions are: 1 the hotspot area should be increased on the campus; so students can easily access anywhere, 2 the speed of internet access is also added, so students can quickly download information related to their studying, 3 students can take the advantages of hotspot areas in the campus as much as possible so they can get more information and 4 Students should not rely on textbooks only, but also should look for other information that supports their studying.

  5. Pemanfaatan Gadget oleh Siswa SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Rifqi Hermawan

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This research is conducted based on the phenomenon found in the interview with counseling teacher of Senior High School in Grobogan. It showed that the case relate with the use of gadget. The objective of the research is to find out the use of gadget by senior high school students based on the benefit and time. This research is survey research. High school students in Grobogan are the population of the research  with 138 samples. Sampling two stage cluster proportional random sampling is the technique used in this research. The method used to collect the data is by using questionnaire and analysed by percentage descriptive technique. The result showed that 66,04% are positive in using gadget, the frequency of using/benefits of gadget in the questionnaire answer showed 65,84% of positive criteria. The frequency of using gadget based on the time using showed 90,02% of positive criteria. Overall, based on the result it also can be stated that the high school students in Grobogan use the gadget wisely and well.

  6. Pemanfaatan ICT Dalam Pembelajaran PAI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahmiar Pulungan

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to know how teaching learning Islamic education by using computer and to know students’ motivation in learning Islamic education by using komputer. The Islamic education teaching material  has been used in teaching-learning and it can be used Microsoft Office Powerpoint as a media presentation and digital material using SOM application. The use Microsoft Office Powerpoint in Teaching-learning Islamic education and digital material will reach the goal of teaching-learning Islamic education and it can motivate students so the teaching-learning can be more efficient.

  7. Pemanfaatan kulit kodok (bull frog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muchtar Lutfie

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to measure the tensile strength and the elongation of finished leather made from Bull Frog skin, so that the utilization of that leather can be specified. The samples used were twenty pieces of wet salted Bull Frog skin from East Java which have been processed to finished leather using chromosal B. and Irgatan LV as the tanning agents. Laboratory tests shawed that the average tensile strength was 177,675 Kg/Cm2 and the average elongation was 89,9%. Based on those results, it can be concluded that Bull Frog leather was suitable for leather goods such as bag, wallet, etc. so it can be used as substitute for Glace leather.

  8. Pemanfaatan Gadget oleh Siswa SMA

    OpenAIRE

    Akhmad Rifqi Hermawan; Kusnarto Kurniawan

    2017-01-01

    This research is conducted based on the phenomenon found in the interview with counseling teacher of Senior High School in Grobogan. It showed that the case relate with the use of gadget. The objective of the research is to find out the use of gadget by senior high school students based on the benefit and time. This research is survey research. High school students in Grobogan are the population of the research  with 138 samples. Sampling two stage cluster proportional random sampling is the ...

  9. Pemanfaatan Teknologi Internet Dalam Pendidikan

    OpenAIRE

    Aziz, Nurazzmi

    2013-01-01

    Internet technology keeps on developing and touching various aspects of human daily life. Starting from the very simple utilization of internet, such as the use of email for communication purposes, browsing varied information, up to the relatively advanced one, such as designing and developing homepage or the use of internet for shopping purposes (e-shopping). Some initiatives, either individually or in collaboration, to utilize internet for learning has been conducted by some Secondary Schoo...

  10. Phase transformation and local mechanical properties of TRIP steel in a simulated and real resistance spot weld process; Phasenumwandlung und lokale mechanische Eigenschaften von TRIP Stahl beim simulierten und realen Widerstandspunktschweissprozess

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brauser, Stephan

    2013-06-01

    area of spot welded TRIP steels. The established mechanical characteristics were used as input data for numerical simulation of the spot weld ductility and strength performance. Here, the attention was focused on the necessity of implementing mechanical characteristics of the heat-affected zone for realistic tensile shear test modelling. [German] TRIP Staehle realisieren durch eine unter mechanischer Beanspruchung hervorgerufene Phasenumwandlung von metastabilen Austenit in Martensit (TRIP-Effekt) hohe Festigkeiten bei gleichzeitig guten Verformungseigenschaften. Waehrend der Verarbeitung dieser Werkstoffe mittels Widerstandspunktschweissen koennen unter den prozessspezifischen extremen Aufheiz- und Abkuehlraten Modifikationen des Austenitanteils hervorgerufen werden die als Folge lokal zu einer Aenderung der mechanisch-technologischen Eigenschaften fuehren. Wesentliche Zielsetzung der vorliegenden Arbeit war daher die Analyse der Gefuegestruktur im Bereich einer Punktschweissverbindung hinsichtlich der Aenderung des Austenitanteils und den daraus resultierenden Aenderungen der lokalen mechanischen Eigenschaften unter besonderer Beruecksichtigung des TRIP-Effekts. Durch in-situ Beugungsuntersuchungen mittels hochenergetischer Synchrotronstrahlung erfolgte zunaechst die Quantifizierung des metastabilen Austenitanteils im unbehandelten Grundwerkstoff. Darauf aufbauend wurden unter definierten Temperaturprofilen in Ofenversuchen die grundlegenden Aspekte der thermisch bedingten Austenitumwandlung im Aufheiz- und Abkuehlprozess untersucht. Durch Gleeble-Versuche und Ofenexperimente wurden weiterfuehrend verschiedene Temperaturprofile mit unterschiedlichen im Punktschweissprozess lokal vorliegende Spitzentemperaturen genutzt um eine systematische Bewertung des Einflusses der Temperatur und der Aufheiz- sowie der Abkuehlbedingungen auf den Austenitgehalt unter realen Bedingungen zu ermoeglichen. Durch Korrelationsuntersuchungen zwischen den mechanischen Kennwerten thermisch

  11. MINERAL WATERS IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BORGES, TIAGO

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA is an autoimmune disorder affecting nearly 1% of adult population. First-line therapies include disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, but creno-balneotherapyis often prescribed in rheumatic disorders and RA is no exception. Objectives: To know the efficacy of creno-balneotherapy in RA. Methods: A Medline based search was made using MeSH terms “balneology” and “rheumatoid arthritis”. Articles concerning the use of mineral waters in RA treatment were included. Results: In RA, two traditional ways of employing mineral waters are commonly used: immersion and peliotherapy. Each owns their benefits to non-specific or hydrotherapeutic effects and specific or crenotherapeutic effects. Mineral waters must be regarded as an adjuvant therapy in quiescent, stable or non-progressive RA. Significant benefits have been accomplished with radonenriched and sulphurous waters. Isothermal or hyperthermal waters should be preferred. Conclusions: Although there is a global lack of evidence, mineral waters are a safe and effective therapy to be considered in RA.

  12. Marine minerals: The Indian perspective

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gujar, A.R.; Nath, B.N.; Banerjee, R.

    the Konkan Coast, Maharashtra. The future demand for economic minerals and metals for the year 2000 vis-a-vis the production of material in the last twelve years has been calculated, and in light of the above, the importance and chances of offshore...

  13. Oceans: Geochemistry and mineral resources

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Joao, H.M.; Paropkari, A.L.

    , Indian became the first country to have been allocated exclusive rights of exploration in the pioneer area in the Central Indian Ocean Basin. Presently world wide some of the near-shore deposits are being exploited. However, the mining for other mineral...

  14. Mineral evolution and Earth history

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, Dwight C.

    2015-01-01

    The field of mineral evolution—a merger of mineralogy and Earth history—coalesced in 2008 with the first of several global syntheses by Robert Hazen and coworkers in the American Mineralogist. They showed that the cumulative abundance of mineral species has a stepwise trend with first appearances tied to various transitions in Earth history such as the end of planetary accretion at ca. 4.55 Ga and the onset of bio-mediated mineralogy at ca. >2.5 Ga. A global age distribution is best established for zircon. Observed abundance of zircon fluctuates through more than an order of magnitude during successive supercontinent cycles. The pulse of the Earth is also recorded, albeit imperfectly, by the 87Sr/86Sr composition of marine biogenic calcite; the Sr-isotopic ratio of this mineral reflects the balance of inputs of primitive strontium at mid-ocean ridges and evolved strontium that drains off the continents. A global mineral evolution database, currently in the works, will greatly facilitate the compilation and analysis of extant data and the expansion of research in mineralogy outside its traditional bounds and into more interdisciplinary realms.

  15. Lagoa Real design - Mineral engineering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Forman, J.M.A.

    1982-01-01

    This paper presents the works realized, in course and to realize of Lagoa Real Design, including the works for implantation of Mineral-Industrial complex with the production capacity of 1.000 ton of U sub(3) O sub(8) per year from 1988. (author)

  16. Impact of mineral resource depletion

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Brent, AC

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available In a letter to the editor, the authors comment on BA Steen's article on "Abiotic Resource Depletion: different perceptions of the problem with mineral deposits" published in the special issue of the International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment...

  17. Minerals Industry' 97. Survey report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    The aim of this annual survey is to provide timely and accurate financial data such as production, price movements, profitability, distribution of assets by activity, employment and labour cost and taxation on the Australian minerals industry. It aims to facilitate more informed debate on the industry's role and importance in the economy. The report also includes information on the safety and health performance and overseas exploration expenditure of the minerals industry. This twenty-first survey relates to the year ended 30 June 1997. The proportion of activity covered in this year's survey is comparable with the 1996 survey. The mineral industry is defined as including exploration for, extraction and primary processing of minerals in Australia. The oil, gas, iron and steel industries are excluded. As for the uranium industry, increased mine capacity over the medium term saw a switch away from spot market purchases to long term contracts for uranium in 1996. This, coupled with announced releases from the US stockpile, saw downward pressure on spot market prices for uranium during 1996/97. The average spot market price for U 3 O 8 fell by an average of 6 percent during 1996/97 and was approximately 16 percent lower than three years ago. General uncertainty over the future profitability of coal industry is compounded by the likely softness of future coal prices

  18. Radiological hazards to uranium miners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1990-05-01

    The purpose of the present document is to review and assess the occupational hazards to uranium miners in Canada. Amendments to regulations set the maximum permissible dose to uranium miners at 50 mSv per year. Uranium miners are exposed to radon and thoron progeny, external gamma radiation and long-lived alpha-emitting radionuclides in dust. The best estimate for the lifetime risk of inhaled radon progeny is about 3 x 10 -4 lung cancers per WLM for the average miner, with a range of uncertainty from about 1 -6 x 10 -4 per WLM. This central value is nearly twice as high as that recommended by the ICRP in 1981. The probability of serious biological consequences following exposure to external gamma rays is currently under review but is expected to be in the range of 3 - 6 x 10 -2 Sv -1 . Dosimetric calculations indicate that the stochastic risks per WLM of thoron progeny are about one-third of those for radon progeny. The annual limits on intake of inhaled ore dusts recommended by the ICRP are probably too low by at least a factor of two for the type of ore and dust normally encountered in underground uranium mines in Ontario; this is due in part to the fact that the average diameter of these dusts is five times greater than the value used by the ICRP. Radiological exposures of uranium miners in Canada were reviewed. The biological impact of these exposures were compared with those of conventional accidents on the basis of the years of normal life expectancy that are lost or seriously impaired due to occupational hazards. The objectives in considering all occupational risks are to reduce the total risk from all causes and to use funds spent for health protection as effectively as possible

  19. Microprobe to closely examine minerals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    The University of South Australia will develop synchrotron-based technology that can determine the structure and chemical composition of mineral samples at microscopic levels. The planned multi-analysis synchrotron X-ray facility Beam-line 11 is for implementing on the Australian Synchrotron. UniSA's Applied Centre for Structural and Synchrotron Studies (ACeSSS) will use Beamline 11 to shed new light on factors that constrain recoveries of copper and gold from typical copper ores. ACeSSS director Professor Andrea Gerson is working with an international team and the Australian Synchrotron on the design of Beamline 11. According to Gerson, there is scope to improve processing and/or increase recoveries in copper, gold and valueless pyrite either through separation, smelting, leaching or electro-processing. Using synchrotron technology, researchers will determine the structure and chemical composition of mineral samples to understand the fundamental behaviour of these materials in order to identify process and : environmental benefits. Three different strategies will be employed: tracing the movement of gold through the mineral processing chain to optimise and increase gold recovery; examining the surface layers formed when copper is leached from the mineral, chalcopyrite, to enhance the understanding of this surface layer formation and ultimately maximise cop-per recovery; and improving environmental remediation by understanding the mineralisation process during acid-rock drainage. ACeSSS will work with the minerals and environmental remediation sectors, building on the I establishment of the Cooperative Research Centre for Contamination Assessment and Remediation of the Environment, and cementing close collaboration with UniSA's Ian Wark Research Institute. Contributions from the SA Premier's Science and Research Fund, BHP Billiton and Rio Tinto, synchrotron partners Advanced Light Source (USA) and the Canadian Light Source Funding totalling $1.38m are available for

  20. Proceedings of XXIV international mineral processing congress

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Dianzuo; Sun Chuan Yao; Wang Fu Liang; Zhang Li Cheng; Han Long (eds.)

    2008-07-01

    Topics covered in volume 1 include applied mineralogy, comminution, classification, physical separation, flotation chemistry, sulphide flotation, non-sulphide flotation and reagent in mineral industry. Volume 2 covers processing of complex ores, processing of industrial minerals and coal, solid liquid separation, dispersion and aggregation, process simulation, expert systems and control of mineral processing, biohydrometallurgy, and mineral chemical processing. Volume 3 contains powder technology, mineral materials, treatment and recycling for solid wastes, waste water treatment, secondary resource recovery, soil remediation, concentrator engineering and process design, and application of mineral processing in related industry. It includes a CD-ROM of the proceedings.

  1. U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Resources Program—Mineral resource science supporting informed decisionmaking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, Aleeza M.; Doebrich, Jeff L.

    2016-09-19

    The USGS Mineral Resources Program (MRP) delivers unbiased science and information to increase understanding of mineral resource potential, production, and consumption, and how mineral resources interact with the environment. The MRP is the Federal Government’s sole source for this mineral resource science and information. Program goals are to (1) increase understanding of mineral resource formation, (2) provide mineral resource inventories and assessments, (3) broaden knowledge of the effects of mineral resources on the environment and society, and (4) provide analysis on the availability and reliability of mineral supplies.

  2. Australian mineral industry annual review for 1982

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1984-01-01

    The Australian mineral industry annual review records the activities and development of the Australian mineral industry and reports production, consumption, treatment, trade, prices, new developments, exploration and resources for mineral commodities including fuels, and summarises equivalent developments abroad. The present volume reviews activities and developments in 1982. Part 1 (General Review) - after briefly surveying the world mineral industry, summarises developments in the Australian mineral industry as a whole, under the headings: the industry in the national economy; important recent developments; production; overseas trade; prices; exploration expenditure; investment; income tax; royalties; structural data; wages and salaries; industrial disputes; and government assistance, legislation and controls. Part 2 (Commodity Review) - covers industrial mineral commodities, from abrasives to zirconium. Part 3 (Mining Census) - tabulates statistics extracted from the mining census, together with some mineral processing statistics from the manufacturing census. Part 4 (Miscellaneous) - tabulates quantum and value data on mineral output provided by State departments of mines and their equivalents.

  3. Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Fact Sheets

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... website Submit Search NIH Office of Dietary Supplements Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Fact Sheets Search the list ... Supplements: Background Information Botanical Dietary Supplements: Background Information Vitamin and Mineral Fact Sheets Botanical Supplement Fact Sheets ...

  4. Studies of mineralization in South African rivers

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Hall, GC

    1978-03-01

    Full Text Available Several South African rivers are polluted by mineral salts of diffuse source. This pollution can be related to geological phenomena and to irrigation practices. Mineralization is problematic in that it can render surface waters unsuitable...

  5. Abundance estimation of spectrally similar minerals

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Debba, Pravesh

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluates a spectral unmixing method for estimating the partial abundance of spectrally similar minerals in complex mixtures. The method requires formulation of a linear function of individual spectra of individual minerals. The first...

  6. Multifaceted role of clay minerals in pharmaceuticals

    OpenAIRE

    Khurana, Inderpreet Singh; Kaur, Satvinder; Kaur, Harpreet; Khurana, Rajneet Kaur

    2015-01-01

    The desirable physical and physiochemical properties of clay minerals have led them to play a substantial role in pharmaceutical formulations. Clay minerals like kaolin, smectite and palygorskite-sepiolite are among the world's most valuable industrial minerals and of considerable importance. The elemental features of clay minerals which caused them to be used in pharmaceutical formulations are high specific area, sorption capacity, favorable rheological properties, chemical inertness, swelli...

  7. Radiogenic cancer in underground miners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radford, E.P.

    1984-01-01

    Multiple studies have yielded remarkably consistent results relating radon daughter exposure to lung cancer risk in underground mining populations. The U.S. uranium miner study appears to be at variance with the other results. The primary reason is that the doses in the U.S. miner study were systematically overestimated, resulting in a risk coefficient that is lower than all the others. The significance of these findings for radiogenic lung cancer goes well beyond mining populations, because one is now aware of the implications of radon daughters detected in homes. The highest cumulative levels from radon exposures within homes have been found in Sweden, evidently because of their unusual geology with uranium-bearing ores near the surface. The Swedish authorities view this as a major public health problem that needs to be addressed

  8. Inhalation hazards to uranium miners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cross, F.T.

    1987-01-01

    Using both large and small experimental animals, this project is investigating levels of uranium-mine air contaminants that produce respiratory system disease in miners. Lung cancer incidence and deaths from degenerative lung disease are significantly elevated among uranium miners, but the cause-effect relationships for these diseases are based on inadequate epidemiological data. This project identifies agents or combinations of agents (both chemical and radiological), and their exposure levels, that produce respiratory tract lesions, including respiratory epithelial carcinoma, pneumoconiosis, and emphysema. Histopathological data for 100-working-level (WL) exposure rates show a significant increase in lung tumor risk over 1000-WL exposure rates for comparable cumulative radon-daughter exposures. Exposure of rats to radon daughters and other contaminants continues; the exposure of beagle dogs to uranium ore dust alone was terminated. Renal function and hematology data on ore-dust-exposed dogs are reported. 1 figure, 5 tables

  9. Inhalation hazards to uranium miners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cross, F.T.

    1983-01-01

    This project is investigating levels or uranium mine air contaminants, using both large and small experimental animals to model human respiratory system disease. Lung cancer and deaths by degenerative lung disease have reached epidemic proportions among uranium miners, but the cause-effect relationships for these diseases are based on inadequate epidemiological data. This project identifies agents or combinations of agents (both chemical and radiological), and their exposure levels, that produce respiratory tract lesions, including respiratory epithelial carcinoma, pneumoconiosis, and emphysema

  10. Inhalation hazards to uranium miners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cross, F.T.

    1982-01-01

    This project is investigating levels of uranium mine air contaminants, using both large and small experimental animals to model human respiratory system disease. Lung cancer and deaths by degenerative lung disease have reached epidemic proportions among uranium miners, but the cause-effect relationships for these diseases are based on inadequate epidemiological data. This project identifies agents or combinations of agents (both chemical and radiological) and their exposure levels that produce respiratory tract lesions, including respiratory epithelial carcinoma, pneumonconiosis and emphysema

  11. Cancer of lung in miners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kolenic, J.; Jurgova, T.; Volckova, A.; Zimacek, J.

    1995-01-01

    In the period of 1983-1994 was registered at Clinic of occupational diseases 87 cases of professional cancer of lung. Mostly /85/ of cases was related to miners, by whom act as risk factor alpha ionisation from radon. Average age group was 60.2 y, average time of exposition was 21.6 y. Epidermoid carcinoma was the most frequent type of tumor /46.5 %/ of cases/. Smoking plays a supportive role. (authors)

  12. Exogenic and endogenic Europa minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maynard-Casely, H. E.; Brand, H. E. A.; Wilson, S. A.

    2016-12-01

    The Galileo Near Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (NIMS) identified a significant `non-ice' component upon the surface of Jupiter's moon Europa. Current explanations invoke both endogenic and exogenic origins for this material. It has long been suggested that magnesium and sodium sulfate minerals could have leached from the rock below a putative ocean (endogenic) 1 and that sulfuric acid hydrate minerals could have been radiologically produced from ionised sulfur originally from Io's volcanoes (exogenic) 2. However, a more recent theory proposes that the `non-ice' component could be radiation damaged NaCl leached from Europa's speculative ocean 3. What if the minerals are actually from combination of both endogenic and exogenic sources? To investigate this possibility we have focused on discovering new minerals that might form in the combination of the latter two cases, that is a mixture of leached sulfates hydrates with radiologically produced sulfuric acid. To this end we have explored a number of solutions in the MgSO4-H2SO4-H2O and Na2SO4-H2SO4-H2O systems, between 80 and 280 K with synchrotron x-ray powder diffraction. We report a number of new materials formed in this these ternary systems. This suggests that it should be considered that the `non-ice' component of the Europa's surface could be a material derived from endogenic and exogenic components. 1 Kargel, J. S. Brine volcanism and the interior structures of asteroids and icy satellites. Icarus 94, 368-390 (1991). 2 Carlson, R. W., Anderson, M. S., Mehlman, R. & Johnson, R. E. Distribution of hydrate on Europa: Further evidence for sulfuric acid hydrate. Icarus 177, 461-471, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2005.03.026 (2005). 3 Hand, K. P. & Carlson, R. W. Europa's surface color suggests an ocean rich with sodium chloride. Geophysical Research Letters, 2015GL063559, doi:10.1002/2015gl063559 (2015).

  13. Minor sources of miner exposure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Strong, J.C.; Green, N.; Brown, K.; O'Riordan, M.C.

    1983-01-01

    The sources of radiation exposure to miners in non-coal mines in addition to radon daughters are thoron daughters in mine air, long-lived radionuclides in mine dust and gamma radiation from the local rocks. A crude estimate of the total annual effective dose equivalent from these minor sources is 2 - 5 mSv which is of secondary importance compared to the dose from radon daughters. (UK)

  14. Epidemiological studies of Czech miners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tomasek, L.

    1995-01-01

    Lung cancer risk from radon was analysed in three cohorts of uranium (N=4320+5628) and burnt clay (N=915) miners. The follow-up of miners was extended up to 1990. Most of the cases (708) have been observed in the oldest (S) cohort followed since 1952. The other two cohorts, 18 years younger in average with substantially lower exposures, contributed 72 cases. Therefore, the main analyses of risk from radon were based on the S cohort. The data of the S cohort were subjected to checks both as for the individual exposures of the miners and the completeness of follow-up. The present mortality analyses from other causes suggest the follow-up is correct. The general patterns of mortality from violent deaths and diseases other than lung cancer show similar features in all the three cohorts, i.e. decreasing trend with time since first exposure in the first case, and increasing trend in the second one, confirming thus the healthy worker effect, in the first 20 years. A raised mortality was observed in later periods in respiratory and circulatory diseases and also in cancers other than lung cancer, suggesting that smoking habits among miners might be more frequent than in the general population. The estimates of lung cancer risk from radon exposure were based on relative linear models, where cumulative exposures were lagged by 5 years. The linear effect of cumulative exposure was substantially modified by time since exposure, exposure rate, and age at exposure. From the estimated intercept, it can be deduced that in the absence of exposure to radon, the estimated mortality from lung cancer in the cohort is about 1.5 times higher than in the general population. (orig.) [de

  15. 36 CFR 331.17 - Minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Minerals. 331.17 Section 331..., KENTUCKY AND INDIANA § 331.17 Minerals. All activities in connection with prospecting, exploration, development, mining or other removal or the processing of mineral resources and all uses reasonably incident...

  16. Contribution of the Minerals Industry towards Sustainable ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    South Africa is a leading producer of a number of mineral commodities, and the minerals industry is a key driver of the South African economy. Ensuring that this mineral wealth is exploited in a manner consistent with the principles of sustainable development requires policies and strategies that are underpinned by a ...

  17. Recovery of asphalt from bituminous minerals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jossinet, J

    1881-12-31

    A process is disclosed for the recovery of asphalt from bituminous minerals, consisting in that the mineral is extracted with mineral oil, which is recovered by distilling the raw asphalt and distilling the solution to obtain on the one hand the liquid oil contained in the raw asphalt for use in the extraction and on the other hand distilled asphalt.

  18. Sustainability in the UK construction minerals industry

    OpenAIRE

    Mitchell, Clive

    2015-01-01

    Sustainability in the UK construction minerals industry Clive Mitchell, Industrial Minerals Specialist, British Geological Survey, Nottingham, UK Email: Sustainability is not just about environmental protection it also concerns biodiversity, community relations, competence, employment, geodiversity, health and safety, resource efficiency, restoration and stakeholder accountability. The UK construction minerals industry aims to supply essential materials in a sustainabl...

  19. Chemical dissolution of sulfide minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, T.T.; Sanzolone, R.F.

    1977-01-01

    Chemical dissolution treatments involving the use of aqua regia, 4 N HNO3, H2O2-ascorbic acid, oxalic acid, KClO3+HCl, and KClO3+HCl followed by 4 N HNO3 were applied to specimens of nine common sulfide minerals (galena, chalcopyrite, cinnabar, molybdenite, orpiment, pyrite, stibnite, sphalerite, and tetrahedrite) mixed individually with a clay loam soil. The resultant decrease in the total sulfur content of the mixture, as determined by using the Leco induction furnace, was used to evaluate the effectiveness of each chemical treatment. A combination of KClO3+HCl followed by 4 N HNO3 boiling gently for 20 min has been shown to be very effective in dissolving all the sulfide minerals. This treatment is recommended to dissolve metals residing in sulfide minerals admixed with secondary weathering products, as one step in a fractionation scheme whereby metals in soluble and adsorbed forms, and those associated with organic materials and secondary oxides, are first removed by other chemical extractants.

  20. Lead isotope in mineral exploration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gulson, B.L.

    1986-01-01

    This book provides an up-to-date state-of-the-art review of lead isotopes in mineral exploration. Beginning with an historical review on suggested uses of lead isotopes in mineral exploration, the author then outlines the theoretical aspects of lead isotopes and illustrates that the method is based on well-known principles of radioactive decay, from which isotopic signatures for different styles of mineralization are derived. The varying isotopic signatures are then introduced. The major part of the book details over 40 case histories for base and precious metals, uranium and tin using sampling media such as sulfides, gossans, soils, weathered bedrock, vegetation and groundwaters. Advantages and disadvantages of each are discussed. Examples are given of the use of lead isotopes in testing conceptual models for exploration. The success rate and cost-effectiveness of the method are illustrated by actual exploration examples. Analytical advances which should lower the cost of the method and future uses are outlined. Many of the case histories use recently published or unpublished data, 27 tables of which are given in an appendix. Details of sampling, the methods for obtaining the isotope ratios, and a commercially-available integrated lead isotope service are also provided. (Auth.)

  1. Development and application of a parallel finite volume method for flow simulation on unstructured grids with local refinement; Entwicklung und Anwendung eines parallelen Finite-Volumen-Verfahrens zur Stroemungssimulation auf unstrukturierten Gittern mit lokaler Verfeinerung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seidl, V.

    1997-11-01

    A finite vomume method for calculation of steady and unsteady flow on unstructured grids is parallelized by local spatial and time decomposition. In the first case, a parallel variant of the conjugated gradient method with multiple local preconditioning is formulated and analyzed. The method is tested for simple applications (e.g. flow around a cylinder). The second part of the publication describes a direct numerical simulation of turbulent flow around a sphere at a Reynolds number of 5000 (based on flow velocity and sphere diameter). Current and Reynolds-averaged flow fields are discussed. Particular emphasis is placed on coordinate-independent representation of the anisotropy ratios of the Reynolds tensor and dissipation tensor. (orig.) [Deutsch] Ein Finite-Volumen-Verfahren fuer die Berechnung stationaerer und instationaerer Stroemungen auf unstrukturierten Netzen wird durch Gebietszerlegung im Raum und Zeit parallelisiert. Fuer die raeumliche Zerlegung wird eine parallele Variante der konjugierten Gradienten Methode mit mehrfacher, lokaler Vorkonditionierung formuliert und analysiert. Anhand einfacher Anwendungsbeispiele (Zylinderumstroemung, deckelgetriebene Nischenstroemung) wird das entwickelte Gesamtverfahren getestet und seine Effizienz bestimmt. Der zweite Teil der Arbeit beschreibt eine direkte numerische Simulation der turbulenten Kugelumstroemung bei einer Reynolds-Zahl von 5 000 (basierend auf Anstroemgeschwindigkeit und Kugeldurchmesser). In der Ergebnisauswertung werden augenblickliche und Reynolds-gemittelte Stroemungsfelder diskutiert und besonderer Wert auf eine koordinatenunabhaengige Darstellung der Anisotropieverhaeltnisse des Reynolds-Tensors und des Dissipationstensors gelegt. (orig.)

  2. Mortality among sulfide ore miners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ahlman, K.; Koskela, R.S.; Kuikka, P.; Koponen, M.; Annanmaeki, M.

    1991-01-01

    Lung cancer mortality was studied during 1965-1985 in Outokumpu township in North Karelia, where an old copper mine was located. Age-specific lung cancer death rates (1968-1985) were higher among the male population of Outokumpu than among the North Karelian male population of the same age excluding the Outokumpu district (p less than .01). Of all 106 persons who died from lung cancer during 1965-1985 in Outokumpu township, 47 were miners of the old mine, 39 of whom had worked there for at least three years and been heavily exposed to radon daughters and silica dust. The study cohort consisted of 597 miners first employed between 1954 and 1973 by a new copper mine and a zinc mine, and employed there for at least 3 years. The period of follow-up was 1954-1986. The number of person-years was 14,782. The total number of deaths was 102; the expected number was 72.8 based on the general male population and 97.8 based on the mortality of the male population of North Karelia. The excess mortality among miners was due mainly to ischemic heart disease (IHD); 44 were observed, the expected number was 22.1, based on the general male population, and the North Karelian expected number was 31.2 (p less than .05). Of the 44 miners who died from IHD, 20 were drillers or chargers exposed to nitroglycerin in dynamite charges, but also to several simultaneous stress factors including PAHs, noise, vibration, heavy work, accident risk, and working alone. Altogether 16 tumors were observed in the cohort. Ten of these were lung cancers, the expected number being 4.3. Miners who had died from lung cancer were 35-64 years old, and had entered mining work between 1954 and 1960. Five of the ten lung cancer cases came from the zinc mine (1.7 expected). Three of them were conductors of diesel-powered ore trains

  3. 25 CFR 215.25 - Other minerals and deep-lying lead and zinc minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Other minerals and deep-lying lead and zinc minerals. 215.25 Section 215.25 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS LEAD AND ZINC MINING OPERATIONS AND LEASES, QUAPAW AGENCY § 215.25 Other minerals and deep-lying lead...

  4. Nuclear technology and mineral recovery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stewart, Richard M.; Niermeyer, Karl E.

    1970-01-01

    The particular aspect of nuclear technology most applicable to the mineral field, as has been pointed out by various authors, is nuclear blasting. The prime target for this nuclear blasting has usually been a large disseminated deposit of copper mineralization which, because of large dimensions, employs the nuclear devices most effectively. From the work of the AEC we know that the larger nuclear devices fragment rock for a lower energy cost per unit of ground broken than do smaller nuclear devices or chemical explosives. A mineralized deposit near the surface is usually not amenable to nuclear fragmentation, nor are the more deeply buried thin deposits. Also, one would not anticipate fragmenting a zone of excessively erratic mineralization with nuclear devices. Many of our mineralized areas would be eliminated using the above criteria, so at this point you are well aware that my self-imposed limitation is to nuclear blasting and large disseminated copper deposits. As with most other industries, copper mining faces rising costs and greater demands for its products. One of the rising cost features peculiar to extractive industries is the reliance placed on production from lower grade deposits as the higher grade deposits are depleted. As the grade or metal content of an orebody decreases more material must be handled to produce a given amount of metal. The increased volume of ore which must be handled as the grade declines requires expansion of facilities and higher capital expenditures. Expansion of facilities for mining, milling, and concentrating of the ore increases the per unit capital cost of the end product--copper. Increased copper consumption will aggravate this situation with demand for more metal, much of which will have to be obtained from lower grade deposits. As the higher grade deposits are depleted, future production will come from those deposits which cannot be exploited economically today. Most familiar of the proposed new methods for copper mining

  5. Nuclear technology and mineral recovery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stewart, Richard M; Niermeyer, Karl E [Anaconda Company, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)

    1970-05-15

    The particular aspect of nuclear technology most applicable to the mineral field, as has been pointed out by various authors, is nuclear blasting. The prime target for this nuclear blasting has usually been a large disseminated deposit of copper mineralization which, because of large dimensions, employs the nuclear devices most effectively. From the work of the AEC we know that the larger nuclear devices fragment rock for a lower energy cost per unit of ground broken than do smaller nuclear devices or chemical explosives. A mineralized deposit near the surface is usually not amenable to nuclear fragmentation, nor are the more deeply buried thin deposits. Also, one would not anticipate fragmenting a zone of excessively erratic mineralization with nuclear devices. Many of our mineralized areas would be eliminated using the above criteria, so at this point you are well aware that my self-imposed limitation is to nuclear blasting and large disseminated copper deposits. As with most other industries, copper mining faces rising costs and greater demands for its products. One of the rising cost features peculiar to extractive industries is the reliance placed on production from lower grade deposits as the higher grade deposits are depleted. As the grade or metal content of an orebody decreases more material must be handled to produce a given amount of metal. The increased volume of ore which must be handled as the grade declines requires expansion of facilities and higher capital expenditures. Expansion of facilities for mining, milling, and concentrating of the ore increases the per unit capital cost of the end product--copper. Increased copper consumption will aggravate this situation with demand for more metal, much of which will have to be obtained from lower grade deposits. As the higher grade deposits are depleted, future production will come from those deposits which cannot be exploited economically today. Most familiar of the proposed new methods for copper mining

  6. Sorption of pesticides to aquifer minerals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Liselotte; Fabricius, Ida Lykke

    2000-01-01

    This paper summarizes results from a work were the sorption of five pesticides on seven minerals were studied in order to quantify the adsorption to different mineral surfaces. Investigated mineral phases are: quartz, calcite, kaolinite, a-alumina, and three iron oxides (2-line ferrihydrite......, goethite, lepidocrocite). Selected pesticides are: atrazine, isoproturon, mecoprop, 2,4-D, and bentazone. The results demonstrate that pesticides adsorb to pure mineral surfaces. However, the size of the adsorption depends on the type of pesticide and the type of mineral....

  7. Perencanaan Strategik SBU Mineral PT Sucofindo (Persero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suprapto Suprapto

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Strategic planning requires an organization in the face of today's business competition and a more complex future. Likewise, Mineral Gas Station also requires this strategic planning as a newly formed business unit of 2015. Therefore, the company analyzed its internal and external factors as well as a future review of the mineral service industry to stay afloat, grow and develop. The objectives of this study were to identify the internal performance and core competencies of Mineral Gas Station, to identify the external macro environment condition and external micro intensity of mineral service industry competition, to map the current position of the company, to recommend appropriate business strategy in facing competition pressure, and to develop the objectives and program of the company. This research used descriptive and quantitative analysis methods with a purposive sampling technique. The results show that the position of Mineral Gas Station on the intensity of mineral service competition is 'moderate' and is in quadrant of 'grow and build'. Therefore, the appropriate strategy is intensive strategy (market penetration, market development and product development. Mineral Gas Station require to conduct customer satisfaction surveys related to customer perspectives which becomes the most important strategic factor with a focus on customer complaint factor. Further research is needed by involving all external parties so that the results will be more independent.Keywords: mineral services, strategic planning, competition, mineral gas station, SucofindoABSTRAKPerencanaan strategik dibutuhkan organisasi dalam menghadapi persaingan bisnis saat ini dan masa depan yang semakin komplek. Demikian juga yang dibutuhkan SBU Mineral sebagai unit bisnis yang baru terbentuk 2015, dengan menganalisis faktor internal dan ekternal perusahaan serta tinjauan masa depan industri jasa mineral untuk tetap bertahan, tumbuh dan berkembang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah

  8. Mineral resource of the month: vermiculite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, Arnold O.

    2014-01-01

    Vermiculite comprises a group of hydrated, laminar magnesium-aluminum-iron silicate minerals resembling mica. They are secondary minerals, typically altered biotite, iron-rich phlogopite or other micas or clay-like minerals that are themselves sometimes alteration products of amphibole, chlorite, olivine and pyroxene. Vermiculite deposits are associated with volcanic ultramafic rocks rich in magnesium silicate minerals, and flakes of the mineral range in color from black to shades of brown and yellow. The crystal structure of vermiculite contains water molecules, a property that is critical to its processing for common uses.

  9. Australian mineral industry annual review for 1984

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-01-01

    This volume of the Australian Mineral Industry Annual Review records development and performance of the Australian mineral industry during the calendar year 1984. It reports production, consumption, treatment, trade, prices, new developments, exploration, and resources for mineral commodities including fuels, and summarises equivalent developments abroad. Part 1. 'general review' after briefly surveying the world mineral industry, summarises developments in the Australian mineral industry as a whole, under the headings: the industry in the national economy, prices, exploration expenditure, investment, income tax, royalties, structural data, wages and salaries, industrial disputes, and government assistance, legislation, and controls. Part 2. 'commodity review' covers individual mineral commodity groups, from abrasives to zirconium. Part 3, 'mining census', tabulates statistics extracted from the mining census, together with some mineral processing statistics from the manufacturing census. Part 4 tabulates quantity and value data on mineral output provided by state departments of mines and their equivalents. Listed in appendices are: principal mineral producers; ore buyers and mineral dealers; government mining services; analytical laboratories; state mines departments and equivalents; industry, professional and development organisations and associations, etc; summary of mineral royalties payable in the states and territories; and summary of income tax provisions and federal government levies.

  10. Australian mineral industry annual review for 1986

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1988-01-01

    This volume of the Australian Mineral Industry Annual Review records the development and performance of the industry during the calendar year 1986. It reports production, consumption, treatment, trade, prices, new developments, exploration, and resources for mineral commodities including fuels, and summarises equivalent developments abroad. Part 1, 'General Review', after briefly surveying the world mineral industry, summarises developments in the Australian mineral industry as a whole. Part 2, 'Commodity Review', covers individual mineral commodities and commodity groups including brown coal, black coal and peat. Part 3, 'Mining Census', tabulates statistics extracted from the Mining Census, together with some mineral processing statistics from the Manufacturing Census. Part 4, tabulates quantity and value data on mineral output provided by the State departments of mines and their equivalents. The commodity review of black coal has been abstracted separately.

  11. The radioactivity of bottled mineral waters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vrakova, M.; Babarikova, F.; Belanova, A.

    2005-01-01

    Mineral waters with increased contents of minerals (total mineralization ranging from 1000 to 4000 mg.dm -3 ) can also contain increased concentrations of natural radionuclides. For this reason it is necessary to monitor radioactivity of mineral and thermal springs. Hundreds of springs which are used for drinking purposes are spread in many regions all over Slovakia. In our laboratory we determined these radionuclides in mineral waters: total alpha, total beta, volume activity 222 Rn, concentration of U nat , volume 226 Ra, 228 Ra and 210 Po. From values of determined volume activities of radionuclides we calculated total effective dose from reception mineral waters. By calculation of effective dose we supposed consumption of mineral water 150 dm 3 .year -1 (0.4 dm 3 .day -1 ) for adults (according to UNSCEAR). Conversion factors are initiated in the regulation of Ministry of Health of Slovak Republic (MZ SR No.12/2001). (authors)

  12. Mineralization of Carbon Dioxide: Literature Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romanov, V; Soong, Y; Carney, C; Rush, G; Nielsen, B; O' Connor, W

    2015-01-01

    CCS research has been focused on CO2 storage in geologic formations, with many potential risks. An alternative to conventional geologic storage is carbon mineralization, where CO2 is reacted with metal cations to form carbonate minerals. Mineralization methods can be broadly divided into two categories: in situ and ex situ. In situ mineralization, or mineral trapping, is a component of underground geologic sequestration, in which a portion of the injected CO2 reacts with alkaline rock present in the target formation to form solid carbonate species. In ex situ mineralization, the carbonation reaction occurs above ground, within a separate reactor or industrial process. This literature review is meant to provide an update on the current status of research on CO2 mineralization. 2

  13. Bone mineral content measurement by bone mineral analyzer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yamamoto, Itsuo; Dokoh, Shigeharu; Fukunaga, Masao; Torizuka, Kanji; Kosaka, Tadako.

    1976-01-01

    With a bone mineral analyzer (Studsvik Bone Scanner 7102), bone mineral content (BMC) was validated using various concentrations of standard CaCO 3 . Seventy-five normal subjects, nineteen patients with rheumathoid arthritis (RA) and twenty-two patients with abnormal thyroid function were investigated by this method. Some inherent problems concerning the present measurements were also discussed. Reproducibility of BMC in sixteen normal subjects during a four months interval was +-4% on the mid-shaft of the radius and +-5% on the distal head of the radius, respectively. Although correlation of the single energy method and the dual energy method with the bone scanner was high (r=0.970), the single energy method was probably underestimated due to the fat layer. BMC in normal subjects was highest in 30th and 40th decades for both males and females, and gradually decreased with aging. Males had higher BMC and BMC/bone width than did females. All of the stage 1 group of RA patients, according to roentgenographic staging, revealed normal BMC, but most of stage 2 and 3 groups had abnormally low BMC, suggesting that progression of the disease may be an important factor in BMC values. The BMC of hyperthyroid patients was low, whereas that of euthyroid patients was normal. Serial measurements of BMC in a hyperparathyroid patient and a hyperthyroid patient revealed distinct recurrence of BMC after treatment. (Evans, J.)

  14. Daily mineral intakes for Japanese

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shiraishi, Kunio

    1990-01-01

    Recently it became necessary to assess the dietary intake of both stable and radioactive elements for non-radiation workers. But data of mineral intake in the literature are not good enough for this assessment. ICRP Pub. 23 in 'Reference Man' is one of the best references in this field. ICRP Reference Man was selected as the standard for Caucasian by using values reported during early 1970s or before. Moreover it seems not to be suitable for Japanese (Mongolian). In this report, analytical methods of minerals in total diet samples for Japanese were described. Furthermore, daily intakes for Japanese (Reference Japanese Man) and ICRP Reference Man were compared. After collected by a duplicate portion study and a model diet study, diet samples were dry-ashed followed by wet-digestion with a mixture of HNO 3 and HClO 4 . Diet sample solutions thus prepared were analysed by using atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), inductively-coupled plasma atomic-emission spectrometry (ICP-AES), and inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Matrix effects of major elements (Na, K, P, Ca and Mg) in diet samples were compensated by a matrix-matching method. About 20 elements were simultaneously determined by ICP-AES and ICP-MS, more easily than by AAS. Most of dietary mineral intakes, except for Na, Mn, and Sr, for Japanese were lower than those of ICRP Reference Man. But, dietary intakes were found to be different depending on countries, even among European and American countries. New representative data for as many elements as possible are necessary now. (author)

  15. Leptin and bone mineral density

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morberg, Cathrine M.; Tetens, Inge; Black, Eva

    2003-01-01

    Leptin has been suggested to decrease bone mineral density (BMD). This observational analysis explored the relationship between serum leptin and BMD in 327 nonobese men (controls) (body mass index 26.1 +/- 3.7 kg/m(2), age 49.9 +/- 6.0 yr) and 285 juvenile obese men (body mass index 35.9 +/- 5.9 kg...... males, but it also stresses the fact that the strong covariation between the examined variables is a shortcoming of the cross-sectional design....

  16. Strata control in mineral engineering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bieniawski, Z.T.

    1986-01-01

    This book covers the state-of-the-art of strata control practice both in the United States and abroad with respect to strata reinforcement by rock bolting, long wall mining technology and innovations in energy development, such as mining for oil and tunneling for storage of high-level nuclear waste in deep underground repositories. It features coverage of design concepts in rock engineering and rockbolt systems, stability of rock pillars, rockbursts, shaft design and construction and a detailed consideration of mineral and energy needs in the United States

  17. Reducing the extraction of minerals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bouzon, Marina; Govindan, Kannan; Rodriguez, Carlos Manuel Taboada

    2015-01-01

    Mass consumption and shortening product lifecycles have increased worldwide production. Consequently, more raw materials such as minerals are used, and available landfills are filling up. Companies are urged to effectively incorporate sustainability issues such as End-of-life (EOL) management...... and Reverse Logistics (RL) practices to close the loop and diminish the amount of raw materials used in their production systems. However, implementing RL implies dealing with its barriers. The purpose of this article is to focus on the recovery of EOL products that use mostly raw materials from the mining...

  18. ROCKS & MINERALS DETERMINATION AND ANALYSIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    20150204 Abaydulla Alimjan(Department of Chemistry and Environmental Sciences,Kashgar Teachers College,Kashgar 844006,China);Cheng Chunying Non-Metallic Element Composition Analysis of Non-Ferrous Metal Ores from Oytagh Town,Xinjiang(Rock and Mineral Analysis,ISSN0254-5357,CN11-2131/TD,33(1),2014,p.44-50,5illus.,4tables,28refs.)Key words:nonferrous metals ore,nonmetals,chemical analysis,thermogravimetric analysis Anions in non-ferrous ore materials

  19. Kimyasalların radyoaktif olmayan lokal lenf düğümü yöntemi ile rölatif temas alerjisi potansiyelinin araştırılması ve yama testi sonuçları ile karşılaştırılması

    OpenAIRE

    ÜLKER, Özge

    2010-01-01

    Lokal Lenf Düğümü Yöntemi (LLNA), temas alerjenlerinin sensitize edici aktivitelerinin uygulama yerinde bulunan lenf düğümlerindeki artan indüklenmiş proliferatif cevap olarak ölçüldüğü ve bu şekilde bu alerjenlerin tespit edilerek sınıflandırılmasında kullanılan bir test metodudur. LLNA, ECVAM (European Center for the Validation of Altern...

  20. 30 CFR 281.8 - Rights to minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Rights to minerals. 281.8 Section 281.8 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF MINERALS OTHER THAN OIL, GAS, AND SULPHUR IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF General § 281.8 Rights to minerals. (a) Unless...

    1. Mineral Resource Information System for Field Lab in the Osage Mineral Reservation Estate

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Carroll, H.B.; Johnson, William I.

      1999-04-27

      The Osage Mineral Reservation Estate is located in Osage County, Oklahoma. Minerals on the Estate are owned by members of the Osage Tribe who are shareholders in the Estate. The Estate is administered by the Osage Agency, Branch of Minerals, operated by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Oil, natural gas, casinghead gas, and other minerals (sand, gravel, limestone, and dolomite) are exploited by lessors. Operators may obtain from the Branch of Minerals and the Osage Mineral Estate Tribal Council leases to explore and exploit oil, gas, oil and gas, and other minerals on the Estate. Operators pay a royalty on all minerals exploited and sold from the Estate. A mineral Resource Information system was developed for this project to evaluate the remaining hydrocarbon resources located on the Estate. Databases on Microsoft Excel spreadsheets of operators, leases, and production were designed for use in conjunction with an evaluation spreadsheet for estimating the remaining hydrocarbons on the Estate.

    2. The nanosphere iron mineral(s) in Mars soil

      Science.gov (United States)

      Banin, A.; Ben-Shlomo, T.; Margulies, L.; Blake, D. F.; Mancinelli, R. L.; Gehring, A. U.

      1993-01-01

      A series of surface-modified clays containing nanophase (np) iron/oxyhydroxides of extremely small particle sizes, with total iron contents as high as found in Mars soil, were prepared by iron deposition on the clay surface from ferrous chloride solution. Comprehensive studies of the iron mineralogy in these 'Mars-soil analogs' were conducted using chemical extractions, solubility analyses, pH and redox, x ray and electron diffractometry, electron microscopic imaging specific surface area and particle size determinations, differential thermal analyses, magnetic properties characterization, spectral reflectance, and Viking biology simulation experiments. The clay matrix and the procedure used for synthesis produced nanophase iron oxides containing a certain proportion of divalent iron, which slowly converts to more stable, fully oxidized iron minerals. The noncrystalline nature of the iron compounds precipitated on the surface of the clay was verified by their complete extractability in oxalate. Lepidocrocite (gamma-FeOOH) was detected by selected area electron diffraction. It is formed from a double iron Fe(II)/Fe(III) hydroxyl mineral such as 'green rust', or ferrosic hydroxide. Magnetic measurements suggested that lepidocrocite converted to the more stable meaghemite (gamma-Fe203) by mild heat treatment and then to nanophase hematite (aplha-Fe203) by extensive heat treatment. Their chemical reactivity offers a plausible mechanism for the somewhat puzzling observations of the Viking biology experiments. Their unique chemical reactivities are attributed to the combined catalytic effects of the iron oxide/oxyhydroxide and silicate phase surfaces. The mode of formation of these (nanophase) iron oxides on Mars is still unknown.

    3. Recovering byproduct heavy minerals from sand and gravel, placer gold, and industrial mineral operations

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Gomes, J.M.; Martinez, G.M.; Wong, M.M.

      1979-01-01

      The Bureau of Mines, as part of an effort to maximize minerals and metals recovery from domestic resources, has investigated the feasibility of recovering heavy minerals as byproducts from sand and gravel, placer gold, and industrial mineral operations in northern California. Sand samples from about 50 locations were treated by gravity separation to yield heavy-mineral cocentrates (black sands). Mineral compositions of the concentrates were determined by chemical analysis and mineralogical examination. Individual zircon, ilmenite, magnetite, platinum-group metals, thoria, and silica products were prepared from heavy-mineral concentrates by selective separation using low- and high-intensity magnetic, high-tension, and flotation equipment.

    4. Minerals Policy Statement 2: controlling and mitigating the environmental effects of minerals extraction in England

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      2005-03-15

      Minerals Policy Statement 2 (MPS2) sets out the policies and considerations that the UK Government expects Mineral Planning Authorities to follow when preparing development plans and in considering application for minerals development. This supercedes Minerals Policy Guidance 11 (MPG 11). Annex 1: Dust to MPS2 sets out the policy considerations in relation to dust from mineral workings and associated operations, and how they should be dealt with in local development plans and in considering individual applications. Annex 2: Noise to MPS2 addresses policy in relation to noise from mineral workings. These have been abstracted separately for the Coal Abstracts database. 58 refs., 2 apps.

    5. Canadian minerals yearbook : 2004 review and outlook

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      2004-01-01

      The main focus of the CMY publication is the non-fuel mineral industry, together with uranium, although all mineral fuels are normally included when the total value of Canada's mineral production is reported. The Yearbook includes chapters devoted to each major mineral commodity produced in Canada: aluminum, coal, copper, diamonds, gold, iron ore, magnesium, nickel, potash, salt, silica, and uranium. The subject matter spans all stages of mineral industry activity from geoscience and exploration, through mining and processing, to markets and use. Although domestic issues receive the greatest attention in each chapter, international developments may also be reviewed because of the global nature of the mineral industry and the significant impact that such developments could have on the Canadian industry

    6. Mining and minerals policy: 1976 bicentennial edition

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      1976-07-01

      The report is organized into three basic parts. The first part, the Executive Summary, provides a brief description of the major topics and lists the issues and recommendations. The report then is divided into two sections. Section I, Summary, is comprised of three chapters: Increased Energy Security; Metals and Nonmetallic Minerals; and Trends and Events. Section II, Issues in Energy and Minerals Policy, is comprised of seven chapters: Federal Leasing; The Federal Role in Reducing the Fiscal Impacts of Energy Development; Availability of Federal Lands for Mineral Exploration and Development; Environmental Issues and the Mineral Industry; Developments in International Minerals Trade and Investment; Ocean Mining; and The Development of New Tools for Energy and Minerals Policy Analysis. (MCW)

    7. Water mineralization and its importance for health

      OpenAIRE

      N. Babio; C. Ferreira-Pêgo; F. Maraver Eyzaguirre; I. Vitoria Miñana; J. Salas-Salvadó

      2016-01-01

      Water mineralization and its importance for health La mineralización del agua y su importancia para la salud. Water is essential for life, participating in the metabolism of all the living organisms. In recent years, the consumption of tap water has decreased and the consumption of bottled water has increased worldwide. The mineral quality and composition of natural mineral water is known and constantly over the year, and their potential effects on health must be determined. Only magnes...

    8. Mineral distributions at the developing tendon enthesis.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Schwartz, Andrea G; Pasteris, Jill D; Genin, Guy M; Daulton, Tyrone L; Thomopoulos, Stavros

      2012-01-01

      Tendon attaches to bone across a functionally graded interface, "the enthesis". A gradient of mineral content is believed to play an important role for dissipation of stress concentrations at mature fibrocartilaginous interfaces. Surgical repair of injured tendon to bone often fails, suggesting that the enthesis does not regenerate in a healing setting. Understanding the development and the micro/nano-meter structure of this unique interface may provide novel insights for the improvement of repair strategies. This study monitored the development of transitional tissue at the murine supraspinatus tendon enthesis, which begins postnatally and is completed by postnatal day 28. The micrometer-scale distribution of mineral across the developing enthesis was studied by X-ray micro-computed tomography and Raman microprobe spectroscopy. Analyzed regions were identified and further studied by histomorphometry. The nanometer-scale distribution of mineral and collagen fibrils at the developing interface was studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A zone (∼20 µm) exhibiting a gradient in mineral relative to collagen was detected at the leading edge of the hard-soft tissue interface as early as postnatal day 7. Nanocharacterization by TEM suggested that this mineral gradient arose from intrinsic surface roughness on the scale of tens of nanometers at the mineralized front. Microcomputed tomography measurements indicated increases in bone mineral density with time. Raman spectroscopy measurements revealed that the mineral-to-collagen ratio on the mineralized side of the interface was constant throughout postnatal development. An increase in the carbonate concentration of the apatite mineral phase over time suggested possible matrix remodeling during postnatal development. Comparison of Raman-based observations of localized mineral content with histomorphological features indicated that development of the graded mineralized interface is linked to endochondral

    9. Role of minerals in animal health disorders

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Sinovec Zlatan J.

      2005-01-01

      Full Text Available All mineral matter, essential or non-essential, can have a significant influence on production results and the health of animals, if large quantities of them are present in a feed ration. A maximally tolerant content depends on the animal specie and category. Many factors, such as physiological status (growth, lactation, etc., nutritive status, content and ratio of nutritive matter in the ration, duration of exposure, and the biological level of utilization of elements, also affect the maximally tolerant content of mineral matter in feed. The content of certain mineral matter in plant feed significantly depends on the soil factor, as well as the content and level of utilization of mineral matter from the soil. Mn, Se and Mo can be present in plant feed in such quantities as to induce toxicosis. Industrial contaminants, Cd, Pb or F, can contaminate plants, in particular their leaves, in quantities which lead to the appearance of clinical signs of conventional toxicosis. Moreover, natural water can contain large quantities of S, F, Na, Mg, or Fe, and certain mineral matter can get into water through industrial waste. In addition to the above, it is possible to cause unwanted effects through the frequent, but primarily unprofessional use of mineral additives, since it is extremely important, besides meeting the mineral requirements of each individual element, to secure a ratio among the mineral matter themselves as well as with other nutritive matter. Mineral matter present in food are in mutual interference, and these relations can be synergistic or antagonistic. The sufficiency of a large number of mineral matter has a negative effect on the utilization of other matter (conditional and/or border deficiency, while certain elements cause the clinical appearance of toxic effects. The accidental intake of large quantities of certain mineral matter is revealed as clinical signs of acute toxicosis, which is very different from chronic effects caused by

    10. Mineral Facilities of Latin America and Canada

      Science.gov (United States)

      Bernstein, Rachel; Eros, Mike; Quintana-Velazquez, Meliany

      2006-01-01

      This data set consists of records for over 900 mineral facilities in Latin America and Canada. The mineral facilities include mines, plants, smelters, or refineries of aluminum, cement, coal, copper, diamond, gold, iron and steel, nickel, platinum-group metals, salt, and silver, among others. Records include attributes such as commodity, country, location, company name, facility type and capacity if applicable, and generalized coordinates. The data were compiled from multiple sources, including the 2003 and 2004 USGS Minerals Yearbooks (Latin America and Candada volume), data to be published in the 2005 Minerals Yearbook Latin America and Canada Volume, minerals statistics and information from the USGS minerals information Web site (minerals.usgs.gov/minerals), and data collected by USGS minerals information country specialists. Data reflect the most recent published table of industry structure for each country. Other sources include statistical publications of individual countries, annual reports and press releases of operating companies,and trade journals. Due to the sensitivity of some energy commodity data, the quality of these data should be evaluated on a country-by-country basis. Additional information and explanation is available from the country specialists.

    11. Mineral legislations applicable to beach sand industry

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      D'Cruz, Eric

      2016-01-01

      India has got a wealth of natural resources in different geological environs and shoreline placers form an important constituent of the natural resources. Large reserves of beach sand minerals, viz. imenite, rutile, leucoxene, zircon, sillimanite, garnet and monazite are the economic minerals in the coastal and inland placer sands. In the federal structure of India, the State Governments are the owners of minerals located within their respective boundaries. The State Governments grant the mineral concessions for all the minerals located within the boundary of the State, under the provisions of the Acts and Rules framed for the purpose. Though the mineral wealth is under the control of the State, the power for framing the rules for the grant of mineral concessions vastly rest with the Central Government. Since mineral concessions are often granted for a longer duration of thirty to fifty years or more, a historical perspective of these rules are imperative in understanding the issues involved with BSM mining industry. Under the Govt. of India Act, 1935, Regulation of Mines and Oilfields and Mineral Development was kept under Federal control, declared by Federal Law. The word 'Federal' was substituted by the word 'Dominion' by the India (Provincial Constitution) Order, 1947. No legislation was, however, enacted in pursuance of above power until after Independence. However, the Govt. on India made the Mining Concession (Central) Rules, 1939 for regulating grants of prospecting license

    12. Increasing strategic role for SA's minerals

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Anon.

      1977-01-01

      The strategic importance of South Africa's vast mineral resources has been strongly underlined by the Minister of Defence, Mr P.W. Botha. It was pointed out that South Africa ranked among the world's five biggest suppliers of nonfuel minerals and that she has demonstrated her potential as the West's most important source of minerals and strategic raw materials. South Africa therefore exercise a very important stabilising influence on the supply and prices of critical, strategic minerals and raw materials, regarded as of the greatest importance to the Western economy

    13. Proximate, Mineral and Phytochemical Composition of Dioscorea ...

      African Journals Online (AJOL)

      ADOWIE PERE

      Keywords: Dioscorea dumetorum, proximate composition, mineral analysis, phytochemical screening ... were analyzed using atomic absorption ... determined using a Hack Dr/200 Spectrophotometer. ... Lead Acetate. +. +. + .... cosmetics.

    14. Plasmid-mediated mineralization of 4-chlorobiphenyl

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Shields, M.S.; Hooper, S.W.; Sayler, G.S.

      1985-01-01

      Strains of Alcaligenes and Acinetobacter spp. were isolated from a mixed culture already proven to be proficient at complete mineralization of monohalogenated biphenyls. These strains were shown to harbor a 35 x 10(6)-dalton plasmid mediating a complete pathway for 4-chlorobiphenyl (4CB) oxidation. Subsequent plasmid curing of these bacteria resulted in the abolishment of the 4CB mineralization phenotype and loss of even early 4CB metabolism by Acinetobacter spp. Reestablishment of the Alcaligenes plasmid, denoted pSS50, in the cured Acinetobacter spp. via filter surface mating resulted in the restoration of 4CB mineralization abilities. 4CB mineralization, however, proved to be an unstable characteristic in some subcultured strains. Such loss was not found to coincide with any detectable alteration in plasmid size. Cultures capable of complete mineralization, as well as those limited to partial metabolism of 4CB, produced 4-chlorobenzoate as a metabolite. Demonstration of mineralization of a purified 14 C-labeled chlorobenzoate showed it to be a true intermediate in 4CB mineralization. Unlike the mineralization capability, the ability to produce a metabolite has proven to be stable on subculture. These results indicate the occurrence of a novel plasmid, or evolved catabolic plasmid, that mediates the complete mineralization of 4CB

    15. TUCS/phosphate mineralization of actinides

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Nash, K.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

      1997-10-01

      This program has as its objective the development of a new technology that combines cation exchange and mineralization to reduce the concentration of heavy metals (in particular actinides) in groundwaters. The treatment regimen must be compatible with the groundwater and soil, potentially using groundwater/soil components to aid in the immobilization process. The delivery system (probably a water-soluble chelating agent) should first concentrate the radionuclides then release the precipitating anion, which forms thermodynamically stable mineral phases, either with the target metal ions alone or in combination with matrix cations. This approach should generate thermodynamically stable mineral phases resistant to weathering. The chelating agent should decompose spontaneously with time, release the mineralizing agent, and leave a residue that does not interfere with mineral formation. For the actinides, the ideal compound probably will release phosphate, as actinide phosphate mineral phases are among the least soluble species for these metals. The most promising means of delivering the precipitant would be to use a water-soluble, hydrolytically unstable complexant that functions in the initial stages as a cation exchanger to concentrate the metal ions. As it decomposes, the chelating agent releases phosphate to foster formation of crystalline mineral phases. Because it involves only the application of inexpensive reagents, the method of phosphate mineralization promises to be an economical alternative for in situ immobilization of radionuclides (actinides in particular). The method relies on the inherent (thermodynamic) stability of actinide mineral phases.

    16. Inhalation hazards to uranium miners

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Cross, F.T.

      1985-01-01

      This project is investigating levels of uranium mine air contaminants, using both large and small experimental animals to model human respiratory system disease. Lung cancer and deaths by degenerative lung disease have reached epidemic proportions among uranium miners, but the cause-effect relationships for these diseases are based on inadequate epidemiological data. This project identifies agents or combinations of agents (both chemical and radiological), and their exposure levels, that produce respiratory tract lesions, including respiratory epithelial carcinoma, pneumoconiosis, and emphysema. Histopathologic data from rats are shown for approximately 300- to 10,000-working-level-month (WLM) radon-daughter exposures. Exposure of male rats to radon daughters and uranium ore dust continues, along with exposure of male and female beagle dogs to uranium ore dust alone. 4 tables

    17. Inhalation hazards to uranium miners

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Cross, F.T.

      1986-01-01

      This project is investigating levels of uranium mine air contaminants, using both large and small experimental animals to model human respiratory system diseases. Lung cancer and deaths by degenerative lung disease have reached epidemic proportions among uranium miners, but the cause-effect relationships for these diseases are based on inadequate epidemiological data. This project identifies uranium mine air agents or combinations of agents (both chemical and radiological), and their exposure levels, that produce respiratory tract lesions, including respiratory epithelial carcinoma, pneumoconiosis, and emphysema. Histopathologic data from serially sacrificed rats are reported for approximately 20- to 640- working-level-month (WLM) radon-daughter exposures delivered at one-tenth the rate of previous exposures. Exposure of male rats to radon daughters and uranium ore dust continues, along with exposure of male and female beagle dogs to uranium ore dust alone

    18. KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS TUMBUHAN YANG BERGUNA SECARA LOKAL DI DESA BATU AMPAR, DI DEKAT KAWASAN HUTAN LINDUNG BUKIT RAJA MANDARA, KABUPATEN BENGKULU SELATAN (The Diversity of Locally Useful Plants in Batu Ampar Village Near Bukit Raja Mandara Protected

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Wiryono Wiryono

      2013-07-01

      Full Text Available ABSTRAK Keanekaragaman jenis tumbuhan memiliki banyak fungsi bagi masyarakat, terutama adalah mereka yang tinggal di daerah pedesaan. Masing-masing masyarakat tradisional di Indonesia memiliki pengetahuan khusus tentang tumbuhan yang terdapat di lingkungan mereka dan pemanfaatanya. Memiliki banyak jenis tumbuhan dan suku bangsa, Indonesia kaya akan keanekaragaman biologi dan budaya. Namun, pertanian modern dan globalisasi cenderung menurunkan keanekaragaman biologi dan budaya tersebut. Oleh karena itu, pelestarian pengetahuan dan pemanfaatan tradisional sangat penting untuk dilakukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendokumentasikan keanekaragaman jenis tumbuhan yang digunakan oleh penduduk desa Batu Ampar, di Kecamatan Kedurang, Kabupaten Bengkulu Selatan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penduduk desa tersebut memanfaatkan 83 jenis tanaman dalam 8 kategori, yaitu bahan makanan sebanyak 35 jenis, bahan obat-obatan 30 jenis, bahan bangunan 16 jenis, kayu bakar 9 jenis, pagar dan pagar hidup 9 jenis, kerajinan tangan 9 jenis, pewarna 1 jenis dan racun 1 jenis. Lima puluh lima jenis tumbuhan diambil dari lahan pribadi dan 28 jenis dari hutan. Secara ekonomis, 54 jenis tumbuhan dimanfaatkan untuk keperluan sendiri, sedangkan 29 jenis tumbuhan selain dimanfaatkan sendiri juga dijual. ABSTRACT The diversity of plant species serves many purposes for community, especially those living in rural areas. Each traditional community inIndonesiamay have specific knowledge and use of plants found in their environment.  Having many plant species and tribes,Indonesiais rich in biological and cultural diversity. Modern agriculture and globalization, however, tends to reduce both diversities. It is, therefore, essential that traditional knowledge and uses of biological diversity be preserved. This study was aimed to document the diversity of plants used by villagers of Batu Ampar,KedurangSubdistrict, South Bengkulu District. Results showed that villagers used

    19. Zirconium - an imported mineral commodity

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      1983-10-01

      This report examines Canada's position in regard to the principal zirconium materials: zircon; fusion-cast zirconium-bearing refractory products; zirconium-bearing chemicals; and zirconium metal, master alloys, and alloys. None of these is produced in Canada except fused alumina-zirconia and certain magnesium-zirconium alloys and zirconium-bearing steels. Most of the 3 000-4 000 tonnes of the various forms of zircon believed to be consumed in Canada each year is for foundry applications. Other minerals, notably chromite, olivine and silica sand are also used for these purposes and, if necessary, could be substituted for zircon. Zirconium's key role in Canada is in CANDU nuclear power reactors, where zirconium alloys are essential in the cladding for fuel bundles and in capital equipment such as pressure tubes, calandria tubes and reactivity control mechanisms. If zirconium alloys were to become unavailable, the Canadian nuclear power industry would collapse. As a contingency measure, Ontario Hydro maintains at least nine months' stocks of nuclear fuel bundles. Canada's vulnerability to short-term disruptions to supplies of nuclear fuel is diminished further by the availability of more expensive electricity from non-nuclear sources and, given time, from mothballed thermal plants. Zirconium minerals are present in many countries, notably Australia, the Republic of South Africa and the United States. Australia is Canada's principal source of zircon imports; South Africa is its sole source of baddeleyite. At this time, there are no shortages of either material. Canada has untapped zirconium resources in the Athabasca Oil Sands (zircon) and at Strange Lake along the ill-defined border between Quebec and Newfoundland (gittinsite). Adequate metal and alloy production facilities exist in France, Japan and the United States. No action by the federal government in regard to zirconium supplies is called for at this time

    20. The mineralization and mechanism of the endogenetic mineral deposit in China

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Jiang Yonghong

      2010-01-01

      In the process of mineralization, due to the difference in rank, scale and order of structures orebody, mine colomn or rich ore bag are often produced in the specific structural parts. Obviously, it is controlled by favourite structure. The important and direct control of the structure to metal endogenetic mineralization evolution are representative on the affect of pulse action of structure to the multi-stage of mineralization evolution. According to the formation environment of the mineralization, it can be classified as collision orogeny mineralization, release(extension)mineralization, slide draw-division basin mineralization and shear zone extension mineralization. Throng the discuss of endogenetic deposit in the geological evolution, structure and formation machenism, the metallogenic model was preliminary established,and the criteria for delineating favourable metallogenic area was identified. (authors)

    1. Mode of distribution of uranium mineralization and sequence of the formation of minerals in albitites

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Grechishnikov, N.P.; Kramar, O.A.; Rapovich, F.I.

      1985-01-01

      On the basis of analysis and generalization of factural material data on the distribution nature of accessory uranium mineralization in albitites permitting to judge of the role and textural-structural peculiarities of enclosing rocks in mineralization localization are given. It is shown that the uranium mineral formation is closely related with the albitite formation and proceeded during two stages. A main mass of primary uranium minerals (brannerites and uraninites) in the form of impregnated mineralization was formed during the first uraninite-brannerite-albitite stage. Uranium oxides, silicates and titanates in the shape of veines formed. During the second coffinite-pitchblende-chloritic stage the formation of uranium oxides, silicates and titanates occured. Uranium mineralization in albitites developes in zones of cataclasm, small jointing, mylonitization localizing in fine-grained aggregates. A main mass of primary uranium minerals in albitites (brannerite, uraninite relates to neogenic during metasomatosis dark-coloured minerals (riebenite, aegirine, chlorite)

    2. A preliminary strategic environmental impact assessment of mineral and hydrocarbon activities on the Nuussuaq peninsula, West Greenland

      DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

      Boertmann, David; Asmund, Gert; Glahder, Christian Martin

      af et stort oliefelt vil blive udledt store mængder af drivhusgasser, som bidrager til drivhuseffekten og som også kan give lokale og regionale påvirkninger f.eks. i form af arktisk dis. Moderne tekniske løsninger (BAT = Best Available Technology, BEP = Best Environmental Practice) i kombination med...

    3. The nanophase iron mineral(s) in Mars soil

      Science.gov (United States)

      Banin, A.; Ben-Shlomo, T.; Margulies, L.; Blake, D. F.; Mancinelli, R. L.; Gehring, A. U.

      1993-01-01

      A series of surface-modified clays containing nanophase (np) iron oxide/oxyhydroxides of extremely small particle sizes, with total iron contents as high as found in Mars soil, were prepared by iron deposition on the clay surface from ferrous chloride solution. Comprehensive studies of the iron mineralogy in these "Mars-soil analogs" were conducted using chemical extractions, solubility analyses, pH and redox, x ray and electron diffractometry, electron microscopic imaging, specific surface area and particle size determinations, differential thermal analyses, magnetic properties characterization, spectral reflectance, and Viking biology simulation experiments. The clay matrix and the procedure used for synthesis produced nanophase iron oxides containing a certain proportion of divalent iron, which slowly converts to more stable, fully oxidized iron minerals. The clay acted as an effective matrix, both chemically and sterically, preventing the major part of the synthesized iron oxides from ripening, i.e., growing and developing larger crystals. The precipitated iron oxides appear as isodiametric or slightly elongated particles in the size range 1-10 nm, having large specific surface area. The noncrystalline nature of the iron compounds precipitated on the surface of the clay was verified by their complete extractability in oxalate. Lepidocrocite (gamma-FeOOH) was detected by selected area electron diffraction. It is formed from a double iron Fe(II)/Fe(III) hydroxy mineral such as "green rust," or ferrosic hydroxide. Magnetic measurements suggested that lepidocrocite converted to the more stable maghemite (gamma-Fe2O3) by mild heat treatment and then to nanophase hematite (alpha-Fe2O3) by extensive heat treatment. After mild heating, the iron-enriched clay became slightly magnetic, to the extent that it adheres to a hand-held magnet, as was observed with Mars soil. The chemical reactivity of the iron-enriched clays strongly resembles, and offers a plausible mechanism

    4. Utilization of mining and mineral wastes

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Park, Kyung Ho; Hong, Seung Woong; Choi, Young Yoon; Kim, Byung Gyu; Park, Je Shin [Korea Institute of Geology Mining and Materials, Taejon (Korea)

      1998-12-01

      Up to now, it is estimated that more than 50 million tons of mineral wastes have been generated mining industries and deposited on the land in Korea. Much of cultivated land and hilly areas have been occupied by this wastes, which cause pollution of the environment. Utilization of the mineral wastes is preferable to stabilization because full use would both eliminate the waste and broaden the mineral resource base. Therefore, the development of utilization techniques of mineral wastes is very important not only for improving the environment but also for resource conservation. In countries with high population and poor natural resources like Korea, the utilization of these wastes is essential to decrease the environmental problem and the secure the resources and the study on this field play a important part. Therefore, the objective of this study is to develop the utilization techniques of the mineral wastes. In first year's research, the contents and scope of this study are 1) Present condition and Field Survey on the mineral wastes with respect of their utilization, 2) Reviews of Current effects and research to utilize mineral wastes, 3) Characterization of mineral wastes and environmental test, 4) Evaluation and study on the utilization. (author). 67 refs., 25 tabs., 54 figs.

    5. Mineral exploration, Australia, March quarter 1983

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      1983-01-01

      This publication contains annual and quarterly statistics of exploration for minerals in Australia. Part 1 sets out statistics of exploration for minerals and oil shale for which data are no longer available for separate publication. Part 2 gives details of petroleum exploration.

    6. Chinese Human Rights Guidance on Minerals Sourcing

      DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

      Buhmann, Karin

      2017-01-01

      in the minerals sector and due diligence to ensure socially responsible sourcing of minerals with a particular focus on human rights, the guidelines refer to international human rights standards and are designed to be consistent with guidance issued by the OECD. The article discusses the Chinese guidelines...

    7. ASEAN Mineral Database and Information System (AMDIS)

      Science.gov (United States)

      Okubo, Y.; Ohno, T.; Bandibas, J. C.; Wakita, K.; Oki, Y.; Takahashi, Y.

      2014-12-01

      AMDIS has lunched officially since the Fourth ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Minerals on 28 November 2013. In cooperation with Geological Survey of Japan, the web-based GIS was developed using Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) and the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards. The system is composed of the local databases and the centralized GIS. The local databases created and updated using the centralized GIS are accessible from the portal site. The system introduces distinct advantages over traditional GIS. Those are a global reach, a large number of users, better cross-platform capability, charge free for users, charge free for provider, easy to use, and unified updates. Raising transparency of mineral information to mining companies and to the public, AMDIS shows that mineral resources are abundant throughout the ASEAN region; however, there are many datum vacancies. We understand that such problems occur because of insufficient governance of mineral resources. Mineral governance we refer to is a concept that enforces and maximizes the capacity and systems of government institutions that manages minerals sector. The elements of mineral governance include a) strengthening of information infrastructure facility, b) technological and legal capacities of state-owned mining companies to fully-engage with mining sponsors, c) government-led management of mining projects by supporting the project implementation units, d) government capacity in mineral management such as the control and monitoring of mining operations, and e) facilitation of regional and local development plans and its implementation with the private sector.

    8. Preliminary report about minerals raw materials

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Bossi, J.

      1965-01-01

      The group of experts entrusted to construct the bases to study the mineral matters has established priorities for the development of mineral resources during the next ten years: 1) aerial photography, 2) geological map, 3) mechanisms for the exploitation, 4) budget

    9. Utilization of mining and mineral wastes

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Park, Kyung Ho; Hong, Seung Woong; Choi, Young Yoon; Kim, Byung Gyu; Park, Je Shin [Korea Institute of Geology Mining and Materials, Taejon (Korea)

      1998-12-01

      Up to now, it is estimated that more than 50 million tons of mineral wastes have been generated mining industries and deposited on the land in Korea. Much of cultivated land and hilly areas have been occupied by this wastes, which cause pollution of the environment. Utilization of the mineral wastes is preferable to stabilization because full use would both eliminate the waste and broaden the mineral resource base. Therefore, the development of utilization techniques of mineral wastes is very important not only for improving the environment but also for resource conservation. In countries with high population and poor natural resources like Korea, the utilization of these wastes is essential to decrease the environmental problem and the secure the resources and the study on this field play a important part. Therefore, the objective of this study is to develop the utilization techniques of the mineral wastes. In first year's research, the contents and scope of this study are 1) Present condition and Field Survey on the mineral wastes with respect of their utilization, 2) Reviews of Current effects and research to utilize mineral wastes, 3) Characterization of mineral wastes and environmental test, 4) Evaluation and study on the utilization. (author). 67 refs., 25 tabs., 54 figs.

    10. Mineral resource of the month: potash

      Science.gov (United States)

      Jasinski, Stephen M.

      2011-01-01

      The article offers basic information about the mineral resource potash. According to the author, potash is the generic term for a variety of mined and manufactured salts that contain the mineral potassium in a water-soluble form. The author adds that potash is used in fertilizers, soaps and detergents, glass and ceramics, and alkaline batteries.

    11. Mineral Oils: Untreated and Mildly Treated

      Science.gov (United States)

      Learn about mineral oils, which can raise the risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer, particularly of the scrotum. Workers in a variety of manufacturing industries are most commonly exposed to mineral oils, as are workers in engine repair, copper mining, and commercial printing.

    12. Earth mineral resource of the month: asbestos

      Science.gov (United States)

      Virta, Robert L.

      2010-01-01

      The article discusses the characteristics and feature of asbestos. According to the author, asbestos is a generic name for six needle-shaped minerals that possess high tensile strengths, flexibility, and resistance to chemical and thermal degradation. These minerals are actinolite, amosite, anthophyllite, chrysolite, crocilodite and tremolite. Asbestos is used for strengthening concrete pipe, plastic components, and gypsum plasters.

    13. Near infrared detection of ammonium minerals.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Krohn, M.D.; Altaner, S.P.

      1987-01-01

      Diagnostic near-infrared spectral features have been identified for minerals with ammonium (NH4+) bound in the crystal structure. Near-infrared detection of NH4-bearing minerals may provide useful information for prospecting for certain ore deposits and may provide a better understanding of the nitrogen cycle within geologic environments.-from Authors

    14. Mineral nutrition of cocoa : a review

      NARCIS (Netherlands)

      Vliet, van J.A.; Slingerland, M.A.; Giller, K.E.

      2015-01-01

      This literature review on mineral nutrition of cocoa was commissioned by the Scientific Committee of the Cocoa Fertiliser Initiative to address the following questions: What knowledge is currently available about mineral nutrition of cocoa? What are the current knowledge gaps? What are the key areas

    15. Intracellular transport of ions in mineralizing tissues

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Matthews, J.L.

      This study resulted in the development of a new model for bone cell physiology and has provided the means for studying the mechanism and site of action of bone affecting hormones and vitamin metabolites and has provided new information on mechanisms of mineralization and mineralization defects

    16. Thermoelastic properties of minerals at high temperature

      Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

      In our present study, we have investigated the thermophysical properties of two minerals (pyrope-rich garnet and MgAl2O4) under high temperatures and calculated the second-order elastic constant () and bulk modulus (T) of the above minerals, in two cases first by taking Anderson–Gruneisen parameter (T) as ...

    17. Isotope analysis of molybdenum in selected minerals

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Becker, S.; Dietze, H.J.

      1980-01-01

      An analytical method is described for the mass spectrometric determination of molybdenum abundance values. The results of analyses of three molybdenum mineral samples are presented and compared with the results of other authors. It is shown that the fine variations of molybdenum in natural minerals cannot be analysed with currently available mass spectrometers

    18. Radioactive mineral occurrences in the Bancroft area

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Satterly, J

      1958-12-31

      The report summarizes three years of field work conducted in the Bancroft area investigating occurrences of radioactive minerals, and also includes accounts of properties in the area for which drill logs and survey reports have been filed. It begins with a history of exploration and development of radioactive mineral deposits in the area, a review of the area`s general geology (Grenville metasediments, plutonic rocks), and general descriptions of the types of radioactive mineral deposits found in the area (deposits in granitic and syenitic bodies, metasomatic deposits in limy rocks, hydrothermal deposits). It also describes the mineralogy of radioactive minerals found in the area and the Geiger counter technique used in the investigation. The bulk of the report consists of descriptions of radioactive mineral properties and mine workings, containing (where available) information on exploration history, general and economic geology, and production.

    19. Surface analytical techniques applied to minerals processing

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Smart, R.St.C.

      1991-01-01

      An understanding of the chemical and physical forms of the chemically altered layers on the surfaces of base metal sulphides, particularly in the form of hydroxides, oxyhydroxides and oxides, and the changes that occur in them during minerals processing lies at the core of a complete description of flotation chemistry. This paper reviews the application of a variety of surface-sensitive techniques and methodologies applied to the study of surface layers on single minerals, mixed minerals, synthetic ores and real ores. Evidence from combined XPS/SAM/SEM studies have provided images and analyses of three forms of oxide, oxyhydroxide and hydroxide products on the surfaces of single sulphide minerals, mineral mixtures and complex sulphide ores. 4 refs., 2 tabs., 4 figs

    20. Chitosan: collagen sponges. In vitro mineralization

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Martins, Virginia da C.A.; Silva, Gustavo M.; Plepis, Ana Maria G.

      2011-01-01

      The regeneration of bone tissue is a problem that affects many people and scaffolds for bone tissue growth has been widely studied. The aim of this study was the in vitro mineralization of chitosan, chitosan:native collagen and chitosan:anionic collagen sponges. The sponges were obtained by lyophilization and mineralization was made by soaking the sponges in alternating solutions containing Ca 2+ and PO 4 3- . The mineralization was confirmed by infrared spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray and X-ray diffraction observing the formation of phosphate salts, possibly a carbonated hydroxyapatite since Ca/P=1.80. The degree of mineralization was obtained by thermogravimetry calculating the amount of residue at 750 deg C. The chitosan:anionic collagen sponge showed the highest degree of mineralization probably due to the fact that anionic collagen provides additional sites for interaction with the inorganic phase. (author)

    1. Destabilization of emulsions by natural minerals.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Yuan, Songhu; Tong, Man; Wu, Gaoming

      2011-09-15

      This study developed a novel method to destabilize emulsions and recycle oils, particularly for emulsified wastewater treatment. Natural minerals were used as demulsifying agents, two kinds of emulsions collected from medical and steel industry were treated. The addition of natural minerals, including artificial zeolite, natural zeolite, diatomite, bentonite and natural soil, could effectively destabilize both emulsions at pH 1 and 60 °C. Over 90% of chemical oxygen demand (COD) can be removed after treatment. Medical emulsion can be even destabilized by artificial zeolite at ambient temperature. The mechanism for emulsion destabilization by minerals was suggested as the decreased electrostatic repulsion at low pH, the enhanced gathering of oil microdroplets at elevated temperature, and the further decreased surface potential by the addition of minerals. Both flocculation and coalescence were enhanced by the addition of minerals at low pH and elevated temperature. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    2. Mineral exploration with ERTS imagery. [Colorado

      Science.gov (United States)

      Nicolais, S. M.

      1974-01-01

      Ten potential target areas for metallic mineral exploration were selected on the basis of a photo-lineament interpretation of the ERTS image 1172-17141 in central Colorado. An evaluation of bias indicated that prior geologic knowledge of the region had little, if any, effect on target selection. In addition, a contoured plot of the frequency of photo-lineament intersections was made to determine what relationships exist between the photo-lineaments and mineral districts. Comparison of this plot with a plot of the mineral districts indicates that areas with a high frequency of intersections commonly coincide with known mineral districts. The results of this experiment suggest that photo-lineaments are fractures or fracture-controlled features, and their distribution may be a guide to metallic mineral deposits in Colorado, and probably other areas as well.

    3. Characterization of Mexican zeolite minerals

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Jimenez C, M.J.

      2005-01-01

      50% of the Mexican territory is formed by volcanic sequences of the Pliocene type, which appear extensively in the northwest states (Sonora, Sinaloa, Chihuahua, Durango) and west of Mexico (Jalisco and Nayarit), in central Mexico (Zacatecas, Guanajuato, San Luis Potosi, Queretaro, Hidalgo) and south of Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca); therefore, it is to be expected that in our country big locations of natural zeolites exist in its majority of the clinoptilolite type. The present study was focused toward the characterization of two Mexican natural zeolite rocks presumably of the clinoptilolite and filipsite types, one of them comes from the state of Chihuahua and the other of a trader company of non metallic minerals, due that these materials are not characterized, its are not known their properties completely and therefore, the uses that can be given to these materials. In this investigation work it was carried out the characterization of two Mexican zeolite rocks, one coming from the Arroyo zone, municipality of La Haciendita, in the state of Chihuahua; and the other one was bought to a trader company of non metallic minerals. The two zeolites so much in their natural form as conditioned with sodium; they were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy of high vacuum and elementary microanalysis (EDS), surface area analysis (BET), thermal gravimetric analysis. To differentiate the heulandite crystalline phase of the other clinoptilolite rock, its were carried out thermal treatments. The quantification of Al, Na, Ca, K, Mg, Fe was carried out in solution, by means of atomic absorption spectroscopy and the quantity of Si was determined by gravimetry. The zeolite rocks presented for the major part the crystalline heulandite and clinoptilolite phases for the most part, and it was found that the zeolite coming from the state of Chihuahua possesses a bigger content of heulandite and the denominated filipsite it is really a zeolite

    4. An overview of hydrodynamic studies of mineralization

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Guoxiang Chi

      2011-07-01

      Full Text Available Fluid flow is an integral part of hydrothermal mineralization, and its analysis and characterization constitute an important part of a mineralization model. The hydrodynamic study of mineralization deals with analyzing the driving forces, fluid pressure regimes, fluid flow rate and direction, and their relationships with localization of mineralization. This paper reviews the principles and methods of hydrodynamic studies of mineralization, and discusses their significance and limitations for ore deposit studies and mineral exploration. The driving forces of fluid flow may be related to fluid overpressure, topographic relief, tectonic deformation, and fluid density change due to heating or salinity variation, depending on specific geologic environments and mineralization processes. The study methods may be classified into three types, megascopic (field observations, microscopic analyses, and numerical modeling. Megascopic features indicative of significantly overpressured (especially lithostatic or supralithostatic fluid systems include horizontal veins, sand injection dikes, and hydraulic breccias. Microscopic studies, especially microthermometry of fluid inclusions and combined stress analysis and microthermometry of fluid inclusion planes (FIPs can provide important information about fluid temperature, pressure, and fluid-structural relationships, thus constraining fluid flow models. Numerical modeling can be carried out to solve partial differential equations governing fluid flow, heat transfer, rock deformation and chemical reactions, in order to simulate the distribution of fluid pressure, temperature, fluid flow rate and direction, and mineral precipitation or dissolution in 2D or 3D space and through time. The results of hydrodynamic studies of mineralization can enhance our understanding of the formation processes of hydrothermal deposits, and can be used directly or indirectly in mineral exploration.

    5. 25 CFR 225.33 - Assignment of minerals agreements.

      Science.gov (United States)

      2010-04-01

      ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Assignment of minerals agreements. 225.33 Section 225.33 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS OIL AND GAS, GEOTHERMAL, AND SOLID MINERALS AGREEMENTS Minerals Agreements § 225.33 Assignment of minerals agreements. An...

    6. 30 CFR 256.80 - Leases of other minerals.

      Science.gov (United States)

      2010-07-01

      ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Leases of other minerals. 256.80 Section 256.80 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Section 6 Leases § 256.80 Leases of other minerals. The...

    7. 30 CFR 48.26 - Experienced miner training.

      Science.gov (United States)

      2010-07-01

      ... the physical and health hazards of chemicals in the miner's work area, the protective measures a miner... occurred during the miner's absence and that could adversely affect the miner's health or safety. (1) A... Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING...

    8. Mineral extraction and transport device

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Plaga, K.

      1991-08-21

      A device for the extraction and transport of stratified mineral deposits notably coal, having a transport run with lengths of transport troughing, an extraction run with lengths of extraction troughing, and a power-driven traction chain guided round return devices and carrying extraction bodies together with optional transport units. The transport and extraction troughing have guide members on which the extraction bodies and the transport units are guided with the aid of guide formations. Each extraction body consists of a headpiece having two laterally protruding guide formations, and an endpiece having two laterally protruding guide formations and a centrepiece. The headpiece and the endpiece are swivellably linked to the centrepiece through an axis running substantially at right angles to the traction axis of the traction chain and substantially at right angles to the floor of the lengths of transport troughing in the transport run. The centrepiece has an additional articulation about an axis substantially orthogonal to the swivel axis of the headpiece and the endpiece. Guide members are additionally provided in the vicinity of the return devices whereby the guide formations on each headpiece and endpiece receive continued guidance.

    9. Mineral oils, tars. [British patent

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      O' Brien, A M; Handmarch, E

      1933-08-11

      Hydrocarbon materials such as mineral oils and tars from coal, shale, lignite, or peat are freed from phenols and like oxy-bodies by heating under pressure in a closed vessel to a temperature and for a time sufficient to effect reduction of the oxy-bodies, and then removing the water formed by the reaction. 350/sup 0/ to 400/sup 0/C. for 30 to 60 minutes is suitable. Any wax-like constituents are converted to liquids of lower viscosity and settling point. The product may be fractionated to give light oils and a residue of aviation Diesel fuel. In an example, oil from the low-temperature distillation of coal and having a tar acid content of 30 per cent is treated in a tubular converter at 380/sup 0/C. and 400 lb. per sq. in for 40 min., and the benzine toluol, and xylol distilled; the residue has a tar acid content of only 7.6 per cent.

    10. Mineral facilities of Northern and Central Eurasia

      Science.gov (United States)

      Baker, Michael S.; Elias, Nurudeen; Guzman, Eric; Soto-Viruet, Yadira

      2010-01-01

      This map displays almost 900 records of mineral facilities within the countries that formerly constituted the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Each record represents one commodity and one facility type at a single geographic location. Facility types include mines, oil and gas fields, and plants, such as refineries, smelters, and mills. Common commodities of interest include aluminum, cement, coal, copper, gold, iron and steel, lead, nickel, petroleum, salt, silver, and zinc. Records include attributes, such as commodity, country, location, company name, facility type and capacity (if applicable), and latitude and longitude geographical coordinates (in both degrees-minutes-seconds and decimal degrees). The data shown on this map and in table 1 were compiled from multiple sources, including (1) the most recently available data from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Minerals Yearbook (Europe and Central Eurasia volume), (2) mineral statistics and information from the USGS Minerals Information Web site (http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/europe.html), and (3) data collected by the USGS minerals information country specialists from sources, such as statistical publications of individual countries, annual reports and press releases of operating companies, and trade journals. Data reflect the most recent published table of industry structure for each country at the time of this publication. Additional information is available from the country specialists listed in table 2

    11. Mineral facilities of Asia and the Pacific

      Science.gov (United States)

      Baker, Michael S.; Elias, Nurudeen; Guzman, Eric; Soto-Viruet, Yadira

      2010-01-01

      This map displays over 1,500 records of mineral facilities throughout the continent of Asia and the countries of the Pacific Ocean. Each record represents one commodity and one facility type at a single geographic location. Facility types include mines, oil and gas fields, and plants, such as refineries, smelters, and mills. Common commodities of interest include aluminum, cement, coal, copper, gold, iron and steel, lead, nickel, petroleum, salt, silver, and zinc. Records include attributes, such as commodity, country, location, company name, facility type and capacity (if applicable), and latitude and longitude geographical coordinates (in both degrees-minutes-seconds and decimal degrees). The data shown on this map and in table 1 were compiled from multiple sources, including (1) the 2008 U.S. Geological Survey Minerals Yearbook (Asia and the Pacific volume), (2) minerals statistics and information from the U.S. Geological Survey Minerals Information Web site (http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/), and (3) data collected by U.S. Geological Survey minerals information country specialists. Other sources include statistical publications of individual countries, annual reports and press releases of operating companies, and trade journals. Due to the sensitivity of some energy commodity data, the quality of these data should be evaluated on a country-by-country basis. Additional information is available from the country specialists listed in table 2.

    12. Heavy mineral concentration from oil sand tailings

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Chachula, F.; Erasmus, N. [Titanium Corp. Inc., Regina, SK (Canada)

      2008-07-01

      This presentation described a unique technique to recover heavy minerals contained in the froth treatment tailings produced by oil sand mining extraction operations in Fort McMurray, Alberta. In an effort to process waste material into valuable products, Titanium Corporation is developing technology to recover heavy minerals, primarily zircon, and a portion of bitumen contained in the final stage of bitumen processing. The process technology is being developed to apply to all mined oil sands operations in the Fort McMurray region. In 2004, Titanium Corporation commissioned a pilot research facility at the Saskatchewan Research Council to test dry oil sands tailings. In 2005, a bulk sampling pilot plant was connected to the fresh oil sands tailings pipeline on-site in Fort McMurray, where washed sands containing heavy minerals were processed at a pilot facility. The mineral content in both deposited tailings and fresh pipeline tailings was assessed. Analysis of fresh tailings on a daily basis identified a constant proportion of zircon and higher levels of associated bitumen compared with the material in the deposited tailings. The process flow sheet design was then modified to remove bitumen from the heavy minerals and concentrate the minerals. A newly modified flotation process was shown to be a viable processing route to recover the heavy minerals from froth treatment tailings. 8 refs., 9 tabs., 12 figs.

    13. Adsorption of dextrin on hydrophobic minerals.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Beaussart, Audrey; Mierczynska-Vasilev, Agnieszka; Beattie, David A

      2009-09-01

      The adsorption of dextrin on talc, molybdenite, and graphite (three naturally hydrophobic minerals) has been compared. Adsorption isotherms and in situ tapping mode atomic force microscope (TMAFM) imaging have enabled polymer adsorbed amount and morphology of the adsorbed layer (area coverage and polymer domain size) to be determined and also the amount of hydration water in the structure of the adsorbed layer. The effect of the polymer on the mineral contact angles, measured by the captive bubble method on cleaved mineral surfaces, indicates clear correlations between the hydrophobicity reduction of the minerals, the adsorbed amount, and the surface coverage of the adsorbed polymer. Predictions of the flotation recovery of the treated mineral phases have been confirmed by performing batch flotation experiments. The influence of the polymer surface coverage on flotation recovery has highlighted the importance of this key parameter in the predictions of depressant efficiency. The roles of the initial hydrophobicity and the surface structure of the mineral basal plane in determining adsorption parameters and flotation response of the polymer-treated minerals are also discussed.

    14. Minerals in thalassaemia major patients: An overview.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Ozturk, Zeynep; Genc, Gizem Esra; Gumuslu, Saadet

      2017-05-01

      Thalassaemia major (TM) is a hereditary blood disease characterised by reduced or absent production of beta globin chains. Erythrocyte transfusions are given to raise the haemoglobin level in patients with thalassaemia major. However, transfusions have been related to increased risk of iron overload and tissue damage related to excess iron. Both elevated oxidative stress due to iron overload and increased hemolysis lead to over utilisation of minerals required for antioxidant enzymes activities. Iron chelators have been used to prevent iron overload in thalassaemia major patients, but these chelators have the possibility of removing minerals from the body. Thalassaemia patients are more at risk for mineral deficiency because of increased oxidative stress and iron chelation therapies. Growth and maturational delay, cardiomyopathy, endocrinopathies and osteoporosis are the complications of thalassaemia. Minerals may play a particular role to prevent these complications. In the current review, we provide an overview of minerals including zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), selenium (Se), magnesium (Mg) and calcium (Ca) in thalassaemia major patients. We, also, underline that some complications of thalassaemia can be caused by an increased need for minerals or lack of the minerals. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

    15. Rn daughter exposure to U miners

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Cohen, B L

      1982-04-01

      Radon exposures to U.S. uranium miners under present conditions average about 1.3 WLM per year approximately or equal to 60 WLM per full working lifetime. This is intermediate between the lowest exposures for which there have been excess lung cancers reported among U.S. miners (120-240 WLM) and average environmental radon exposures (16 WLM), so models based on these two situations are used to estimate expected effects on present uranium miners. In Model A, the loss of life expectancy is 45 days, the SMR (standardized mortality ratio) for lung cancer is 1.10, and the SMR for all causes between ages 18 and 65 is 1.013. In Model B these are 10 days, 1.03 and 1.002 respectively. It is shown that the radon exposures to miners are similar to those to millions of Americans from environmental exposure, and that miner health risks are comparable to those of other radiation workers. Their lung cancer risk from radon is 7-50 times less than their job-related accident mortality risk, and represents 0.7-4% of their total risk in mining. Miners suffer from many diseases with SMR very much larger than that for radon-induced lung cancer, and there are many other occupations and industries with far higher SMR for lung cancer than that from radon exposure to miners.

    16. Marketing mix of chosen Slovak mineral water

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Juhanová Silvia

      2001-09-01

      Full Text Available Considering its small area, Slovakia abounds in many sources of mineral waters and a considerable amount of them can be used for the commercial utilization. STN 86 8000 divides mineral waters in the natural mineral waters, natural mineral table waters and the natural mineral healing waters. Natural mineral water is, after the present norm, in effect water, which rises from natural trapped sources. This type of water contains more than 1 gram of dissolved substances or 1 gram of dissolved CO 2 in 1 litter. Natural mineral table water is water that, with its chemical composition as well as its physical and sensorial attributes is suitable as a refresher. It contains at least 1 gram of melted CO2 and up to 6 grams of dissolved illiquid substances in 1 litter. The mentioned substances are not characterised by any marked pharmacological effect. Natural mineral healing water is water, which with an eye to its chemical composition and physical properties, have a scientifically demonstrable effects to the human health and it is generally used for healing purposes. In the present contribution, an attention is orientated to the occurrence of listed types of waters in Slovakia, in connection with geological conditions of their circulation and accumulation and especially with possibilities of their use on the Slovak buyer’s market.The marketing mix is a complex of information, which can be regulated. Firms accumulate this information to satisfy a customer. Marketing mix of mineral waters includes information about four variables: product (characteristics of product, quality, packing, design..., prices, advertisement, distribution (the way how to get product to customer. Data listed in the contribution come from the sectional market research, which was performed between December 1st and December 22nd 2000 in twenty groceries in

    17. Fractal analysis of sulphidic mineral

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Miklúšová Viera

      2002-03-01

      Full Text Available In this paper, the application of fractal theory in the characterization of fragmented surfaces, as well as the mass-size distributions are discussed. The investigated mineral-chalcopyrite of Slovak provenience is characterised after particle size reduction processes-crushing and grinding. The problem how the different size reduction methods influence the surface irregularities of obtained particles is solved. Mandelbrot (1983, introducing the fractal geometry, offered a new way of characterization of surface irregularities by the fractal dimension. The determination of the surface fractal dimension DS consists in measuring the specific surface by the BET method in several fractions into which the comminuted chalcopyrite is sieved. This investigation shows that the specific surface of individual fractions were higher for the crushed sample than for the short-term (3 min ground sample. The surface fractal dimension can give an information about the adsorption sites accessible to molecules of nitrogen and according to this, the value of the fractal dimension is higher for crushed sample.The effect of comminution processes on the mass distribution of particles crushed and ground in air as well as in polar liquids is also discussed. The estimation of fractal dimensions of particles mass distribution is done on the assumption that the particle size distribution is described by the power-law (1. The value of fractal dimension for the mass distribution in the crushed sample is lower than in the sample ground in air, because it is influenced by the energy required for comminution.The sample of chalcopyrite was ground (10min in ethanol and i-butanol [which according to Ikazaki (1991] are characterized by the parameter µ /V, where µ is its dipole moment and V is the molecular volume. The values of µ /V for the used polar liquids are of the same order. That is why the expressive differences in particle size distributions as well as in the values of

    18. Rheology of unstable mineral emulsions

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Sokolović Dunja S.

      2013-01-01

      Full Text Available In this paper, the rheology of mineral oils and their unstable water emulsion were investigated. The oil samples were domestic crude oil UA, its fractions UA1, UA4 and blend semi-product UP1, while the concentration of oil in water emulsions was in the range from 1 up to 30%. The results were analyzed based on shear stress. The oil samples UA, UA1 and UP1 are Newtonian fluids, while UA4 is pseudoplastic fluid. The samples UA and UA4 show higher value of shear stress (83.75 Pa, 297 Pa, then other two samples UA1 and UP1 (18.41 Pa, 17.52 Pa. Rheology of investigated oils due to its complex chemical composition should be analyzed as a simultaneous effect of all their components. Therefore, structural composition of the oils was determined, namely content of paraffins, naphthenes, aromatics and asphaltenes. All samples contain paraffins, naphthenes and aromatics but only oils UA and UA4 contain asphaltenes as well. All investigated emulsions except 30% EUA4 are Newtonian fluids. The EUA4 30% emulsion shows pseudoplastic behaviour, and it is the only 30% emulsion among investigated ones that achieves lower shear stress then its oil. The characteristics of oil samples that could have an influence on their properties and their emulsion rheology, were determined. These characteristics are: neutralization number, interfacial tension, dielectric constant, and emulsivity. Oil samples UA and UA4 have significantly higher values of neutralization number, dielectric constants, and emulsivity. The sample UA has the lowest value of interface tension and the greatest emulsivity, indicating that this oil, among all investigated, has the highest preference for building emulsion. This could be the reason why 20% and 30% emulsions of the oil UA achieve the highest shear stress among all investigated emulsions.

    19. Radiotracer techniques in mineral processing

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Przewlocki, K.

      1991-01-01

      The value of the smelter metal content in currently exploited polymetallic ores mostly does not exceed 2%. Before metallurgical treatment, ore must pass through the concentration process. The benefication process usually starts from the comminution of excavated material and terminates at the flotation and drying of the concentrate. These operations consume vast quantities of energy. To be economically justified, the process requires optimization and, if possible, automatic control. Radioactive tracers were found to be useful in the identification of particular technological subsystems and their subsequent optimization. A great deal of experience has been gathered in this field so far. The industrial radiotracer test (RTT) is carried out using very sensitive multidetector recording systems which have digital data acquisition capabilities. The optimization strategy consists of periodically adjusting technological process and set points of controlled variables according to certain improvement procedures. If computer facilities are available, data interpretation and calibration of the mathematical models describing the technical process itself can be performed on the spot. This significantly accelerates the whole procedure as RTT may be repeated for particular system configurations. The procedure of plant optimization by means of RTT is illustrated in the paper using the example of the copper ore enrichment process, assuming that it is representative of the whole mineral industry. Identification by RTT of the three main operations involved in the ore enrichment process, such as comminution, flotation and granular classification, is discussed in detail as particular case studies. In reference to this, it is also shown how the technological process can be adjusted to be most efficient. (author). 14 refs, 7 figs

    20. Airborne Geophysical/Geological Mineral Inventory CIP Program

      National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

      1999-01-01

      The Airborne-Geophysical/Geological Mineral Inventory project is a special multi-year investment to expand the knowledge base of Alaska's mineral resources and catalyze private-sector mineral development...

    1. Uranium mineralization of migmatite in southern China

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Feng, Mingyue

      1987-09-01

      The uranium mineralization occurs in migmatite in the form of disseminated uraninite is a new type found in southern China. According to the forms of uraninite existence in orebodies, it can be divided into primary and reworked subtypes. The principal uranium mineral in the deposits of primary subtype is uraninite, but those in reworked subtype are pitchblende and relict uraninite. The formation of uranium mineralization is considered as a result of remobilization, migration and local concentration caused by preferential melting of the uranium-rich strata.

    2. Uranium mineralization of migmatite in southern China

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Feng Mingyue.

      1987-01-01

      The uranium mineralization occurs in migmatite in the form of disseminated uraninite is a new type found in southern China. According to the forms of uraninite existence in orebodies, it can be divided into primary and reworked subtypes. The principal uranium mineral in the deposits of primary subtype is uraninite, but those in reworked subtype are pitchblende and relict uraninite. The formation of uranium mineralization is considered as a result of remobilization, migration and local concentration caused by preferential melting of the uranium-rich strata

    3. Uranyl adsorption at clay mineral surfaces

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Roesch, N. [Technische Univ. Muenchen (Germany). Fachgebiet Theoretische Chemie

      2016-11-01

      This first systematic survey of actinide adsorption at complex clay mineral surfaces, which provided new insights at the atomic level, is currently being extended to neptunyl NpO{sub 2}{sup +} and more complex minerals, like iron-substituted phyllosilicates. In this way we examine if the concepts developed so far can be applied more generally to support the interpretation of pertinent experiments. A further facet of these studies is to account also for the dynamic nature of the mineral/water interface by means of exemplary dynamic simulations.

    4. Chromosomal aberrations in ore miners of Slovakia

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Beno, M.; Vladar, M.; Nikodemova, D.; Vicanova, M.; Durcik, M.

      1998-01-01

      A pilot study was performed in which the incidence of chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes of miners in ore mines located in Central Slovakia was monitored and related to lifetime underground radon exposure and to lifetime smoking. The conclusions drawn from the results of the study were as follows: the counts of chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes of miners were significantly higher than in an age matched control group of white-collar staff; the higher counts of chromosomal aberrations could be ascribed to underground exposure of miners and to smoking; a dependence of chromosomal aberration counts on the exposure to radon could not be assessed. (A.K.)

    5. Characterization of minerals, metals and materials

      CERN Document Server

      Hwang, Jiann-Yang; Bai, Chengguang; Carpenter, John; Cai, Mingdong; Firrao, Donato; Kim, Byoung-Gon

      2012-01-01

      This state-of-the-art reference contains chapters on all aspects of the characterization of minerals, metals, and materials. The title presents papers from one of the largest yearly gatherings of materials scientists in the world and thoroughly discusses the characterization of minerals, metals, and materials The scope includes current industrial applications and research and developments in the following areas:  Characterization of Ferrous Metals Characterization of Non-Ferrous Materials Characterization of Minerals and Ceramics Character

    6. Study of blood pressure among coal miners

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Chandon; Dhar, B.B.; Singh, A.K.P.; Sahay, L.K. [Central Mining Research Institute, Dhanbad (India)

      1997-12-31

      The aim of the work was to assess the prevalence of hypertension among 2772 coal miners and to establish the relationship of hypertension with family history, living conditions, dietary habits, and other associated medical parameters. 4 refs., 5 tabs.

    7. Contributions of Fe Minerals to Abiotic Dechlorination

      Science.gov (United States)

      Most applications of enhanced in situ bioremediation are based on biological reductive dechlorination. Anaerobic metabolism can also produce reactive minerals that allow for in situ biogeochemical transformation of chlorinated organic contaminants such as PCE, TCE, and cis-DCE. ...

    8. Status of mineral resources evaluation and forecast

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Ma Hanfeng; Li Ziying; Luo Yi; Li Shengxiang; Sun Wenpeng

      2007-01-01

      The work of resources evaluation and forecast is a focus to the governments of every country in the world, it is related to the establishment of strategic policy on the national mineral resources. In order to quantitatively evaluate the general potential of uranium resources in China and better forecast uranium deposits, this paper briefly introduces the method of evaluating total amount of mineral resources, especially 6 usual prospective methods which are recommended in international geology comparison programs, as well as principle of usual mineral resources quantitative prediction and its steps. The work history of mineral resources evaluation and forecast is reviewed concisely. Advantages and disadvantages of each method, their application field and condition are also explained briefly. At last, the history of uranium resources evaluation and forecast in China and its status are concisely outlined. (authors)

    9. Statistical models for optimizing mineral exploration

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Wignall, T.K.; DeGeoffroy, J.

      1987-01-01

      The primary purpose of mineral exploration is to discover ore deposits. The emphasis of this volume is on the mathematical and computational aspects of optimizing mineral exploration. The seven chapters that make up the main body of the book are devoted to the description and application of various types of computerized geomathematical models. These chapters include: (1) the optimal selection of ore deposit types and regions of search, as well as prospecting selected areas, (2) designing airborne and ground field programs for the optimal coverage of prospecting areas, and (3) delineating and evaluating exploration targets within prospecting areas by means of statistical modeling. Many of these statistical programs are innovative and are designed to be useful for mineral exploration modeling. Examples of geomathematical models are applied to exploring for six main types of base and precious metal deposits, as well as other mineral resources (such as bauxite and uranium)

    10. Superficial mineral resources of the Indian Ocean

      Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

      Siddiquie, H.N.; Hashimi, N.H.; Gujar, A; Valsangkar, A

      The sea floor of the Indian Ocean and the continental margins bordering the ocean are covered by a wide variety of terrigenous, biogenous and anthigenic mineral deposits. The biogenous deposits in the Indian Ocean comprise the corals on shallow...

    11. NOAA and MMS Marine Minerals Geochemical Database

      Data.gov (United States)

      National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Marine Minerals Geochemical Database was created by NGDC as a part of a project to construct a comprehensive computerized bibliography and geochemical database...

    12. Sorption Energy Maps of Clay Mineral Surfaces

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Cygan, Randall T.; Kirkpatrick, R. James

      1999-01-01

      A molecular-level understanding of mineral-water interactions is critical for the evaluation and prediction of the sorption properties of clay minerals that may be used in various chemical and radioactive waste disposal methods. Molecular models of metal sorption incorporate empirical energy force fields, based on molecular orbital calculations and spectroscopic data, that account for Coulombic, van der Waals attractive, and short-range repulsive energies. The summation of the non-bonded energy terms at equally-spaced grid points surrounding a mineral substrate provides a three dimensional potential energy grid. The energy map can be used to determine the optimal sorption sites of metal ions on the exposed surfaces of the mineral. By using this approach, we have evaluated the crystallographic and compositional control of metal sorption on the surfaces of kaolinite and illite. Estimates of the relative sorption energy and most stable sorption sites are derived based on a rigid ion approximation

    13. Effects of earthworms on nitrogen mineralization.

      NARCIS (Netherlands)

      Willems, J.J.G.M.; Marinissen, J.C.Y.; Blair, J.

      1996-01-01

      The influence of earthworms (Lumbricus terrestris and Aporrectodea tuberculata) on the rate of net N mineralization was studied, both in soil with intact soil structure (partly influenced by past earthworm activity) and in columns with sieved soil

    14. Contribution to the knowledge of metamict minerals

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Baptista, A.; Baptista, N.R.

      1989-01-01

      The used techniques in different analysis about metamict minerals, its results and conclusions. These samples went on Minas Gerais State, and they belong at the mineralogical collection of National Museum is presented. (C.M.)

    15. Mineral exploration in Austria, possibilities and strategies

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Holzer, H.F.

      1981-01-01

      The author reviews the present situation in Austria for mineral exploration. He considers the geological chances of finding new resources, presents a short description of commodities and finally gives proposals for a natural resources inventory. (Auth.)

    16. Raman and Photoluminescence Spectroscopy in Mineral Identification

      Science.gov (United States)

      Kuehn, J. W.

      2014-06-01

      Raman spectroscopy is particularly useful for rapid identification of minerals and gemstones. Raman spectrometers also allow PL studies for authentication of samples and geological provenance, diamond type screening and detection of HPHT treatments.

    17. Africa: Mineral resources, environment, and governance | IDRC ...

      International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

      2011-01-25

      Jan 25, 2011 ... Africa: Mineral resources, environment, and governance ... benefits the poor, more effective social and environmental policies, and respect for human ... Who should claim responsibility for local crime prevention and security?

    18. Dating oxalate minerals in rock surface deposits

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Watchman, A.

      2001-01-01

      Oxalate minerals are found associated with rocks, mineral coatings, micro-organisms, plants and animals. They are important in archaeology because they have been found intimately associated with organic binders in prehistoric paints. Oxalate minerals also accumulate in the coatings on rock shelter walls and fallen ceiling slabs where they form the natural backing supports for painting and opaque laminates covering engravings. Though the relationship between anthropogenic activity in a rock shelter and oxalate formation is often uncertain, the radiocarbon age of the oxalate may provide the only means for determining the antiquity of a rock painting or engraving. This paper examines the history of dating oxalate minerals at archaeological sites and provides insights into achieving reliable age estimates. (author). 37 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs

    19. Mineral transformations during the dissolution of uranium ore minerals by dissimilatory metal-reducing bacteria

      Science.gov (United States)

      Glasauer, S.; Weidler, P.; Fakra, S.; Tyliszczak, T.; Shuh, D.

      2011-12-01

      Carnotite minerals [X2(UO2)2(VO4)2]; X = K, Ca, Ba, Mn, Na, Cu or Pb] form the major ore of uranium in the Colorado Plateau. These deposits are highly oxidized and contain U(VI) and V(IV). The biotransformation of U(VI) bound in carnotite by bacteria during dissimilatory metal reduction presents a complex puzzle in mineral chemistry. Both U(VI) and V(V) can be respired by metal reducing bacteria, and the mineral structure can change depending on the associated counterion. We incubated anaerobic cultures of S. putrefaciens CN32 with natural carnotite minerals from southeastern Utah in a nutrient-limited defined medium. Strain CN32 is a gram negative bacterium and a terrestrial isolate from New Mexico. The mineral and metal transformations were compared to a system that contained similar concentrations of soluble U(VI) and V(V). Electron (SEM, TEM) microscopies and x-ray spectromicroscopy (STXM) were used in conjunction with XRD to track mineral changes, and bacterial survival was monitored throughout the incubations. Slow rates of metal reduction over 10 months for the treatment with carnotite minerals revealed distinct biotic and abiotic processes, providing insight on mineral transformation and bacteria-metal interactions. The bacteria existed as small flocs or individual cells attached to the mineral phase, but did not adsorb soluble U or V, and accumulated very little of the biominerals. Reduction of mineral V(V) necessarily led to a dismantling of the carnotite structure. Bioreduction of V(V) by CN32 contributed small but profound changes to the mineral system, resulting in new minerals. Abiotic cation exchange within the carnotite group minerals induced the rearrangement of the mineral structures, leading to further mineral transformation. In contrast, bacteria survival was poor for treatments with soluble U(VI) and V(V), although both metals were reduced completely and formed solid UO2 and VO2; we also detected V(III). For these treatments, the bacteria

    20. Power-Sharing in the Local Arena: Man – a Rebel-Held Town in Western Côte d’Ivoire Machtteilung auf lokaler Ebene: Man – eine von Rebellen kontrollierte Stadt im Westen der Côte d’Ivoire

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Kathrin Heitz

      2009-01-01

      Full Text Available In general, peace agreements with power-sharing provisions are analysed at a national level. This article offers insights into the practices of power-sharing in the local arena of western Côte d’Ivoire, in the town of Man. It investigates what brought about a change towards peace in the region of Man and then presents local forms of power-sharing between the community leaders and the rebels who have established a rather complex system of domination and taxation in the territory they occupy. Moreover, the implementation of a territorial power-sharing device, which is part of the peace agreement negotiated among the warring parties at the national level, is analysed: the redeployment of state administration to the rebel-held zones of the country. The ethnographic data on which the article is based reveals that the actors at the local level have their own strategies to address urgent needs and that they play a more active role in peacemaking than is usually acknowledged. Im Allgemeinen werden Friedensabkommen, die Machtteilungsklauseln vorsehen, im nationalen Rahmen analysiert. Der vorliegende Beitrag vermittelt Einsicht in die praktische Wirkung solcher Klauseln in lokalem Rahmen, und zwar in der Stadt Man im Westen der Côte d’Ivoire. Untersucht wird, wodurch in der umliegenden Region ein Wandel hin zum Frieden erreicht werden konnte. Es werden lokale Formen der Machtteilung zwischen den führenden Persönlichkeiten lokaler Gemeinschaften und den Rebellen ermittelt, die ein komplexes Herrschafts- und Steuersystem in den von ihnen besetzten Gebieten eingerichtet haben. Zudem wird die Durchführung einer territorialen Machtteilungsregelung untersucht, die auf nationaler Ebene als Bestandteil des Friedensabkommens zwischen den Kriegsgegnern ausgehandelt worden war: die Wiedereinsetzung der staatlichen Verwaltung in den von den Rebellen gehaltenen Gebieten des Landes. Das ethnographische Material, auf dem der Artikel basiert, belegt, dass