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Sample records for paula planalto leste

  1. Palinomorfos de fungos e criptógamas em sedimentos quaternários de duas matas com Araucária, Planalto leste do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Palynomorphs of fungi and cryptogams in Quaternary sediments from two Araucaria forests, Eastern Plateau of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Scherer

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Pólen, esporos e demais palinomorfos preservados em sedimentos são material de referência básico em estudos paleoambientais. A presente pesquisa tem como objetivo apresentar a taxonomia de palinomorfos correspondentes a fungos e criptógamas contidos em sedimentos do interior de duas matas com Araucária do Planalto leste do Rio Grande do Sul e, assim, fornecer subsídios para reconstituições paleoambientais na região. A análise envolveu amostras de dois perfis sedimentares holocênicos de São Francisco de Paula (perfil 1, Alpes de São Francisco, 132 cm; perfil 2, Banhado Amarelo, 101 cm, coletados com o Amostrador de Hiller. O processamento químico das amostras seguiu o método padrão, com HCl, HF, KOH, acetólise e montagem das lâminas em gelatina-glicerinada. A análise foi realizada em microscopia óptica. São apresentados palinomorfos de oito fungos, seis algas, cinco briófitos e 19 pteridófitos. A descrição de cada material é acompanhada de ilustrações e, sempre que possível, de dados ecológicos do organismo de origem. A grande quantidade de palinomorfos distintos, bem preservados nos sedimentos, mostra a potencialidade deste material em oferecer informações ambientais relevantes, junto com grãos de pólen, no estudo da gênese e expansão da mata com Araucária.Pollen, spores and other palynomorphs preserved in sediments are basic reference material for palaeoenvironmental studies. The aim of this research is to present the taxonomy of fungal and cryptogamic palynomorphs contained in sediments from two Araucaria forests on the Eastern Plateau of Rio Grande do Sul, thus contributing to palaeoenvironmental reconstitution in the region. The analysis involved samples from two Holocene sedimentary profiles from São Francisco de Paula (profile 1, Alpes de São Francisco, 132 cm; profile 2, Banhado Amarelo, 101 cm, collected with a Hiller Sampler. Chemical processing of the samples followed standard methodology, using

  2. Paula, RS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solon Jonas Longhi

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The present work is part of studies and researches developed at Long Duration Ecological Project - PELD/CNPq, located in São Francisco de Paula’s National Forest (FLONA, RS. The objective of this paper was to identify and to characterize the different stages of succession in mixed rainy forest remains. The work had been accomplished in ten permanent conglomerates of 100m x 100m (10.000m2, which were divided into ten strips of 10m x 100m (1.000m2 and these ones subdivided into ten subunits of 10m x 10m (100m2. In this research, a strip of 10m x 100m was selected for each conglomerate, totaling 100 subunits (stands, where it had been installed, at DBH height, dendrometric bands in all trees with CBH ≥ 30cm, for annual diameters measurement. The cluster analysis was accomplished through the Twinspan program, using a data matrix with ninety-nine stands (one of those was unconsidered by the absence of individuals with CBH ≥ 30cm having as variable the annual increment in diameter (obtained in two years of observations of sixty nine species. Three floristic groups was obtained, indicating stages of succession in the forest: a group separated a less developed stage of succession denominated secondary forest, being Nectandra megapotamica and Cryptocaria aschersoniana the indicative species; a second group indicated an intermediate stage of succession in the forest, being Sebastiania commersoniana and Ocotea pulchella the indicative species; and a third group of primary forest, whose indicative species was Araucaria angustifolia.

  3. Pólen de gimnospermas e angiospermas em sedimentos quaternários de duas matas com Araucária, planalto leste do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Gymnosperm and angiosperm pollen in Quaternary sediments from two Araucaria forests on the Rio Grande do Sul State eastern plateau, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Scherer

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Catálogos polínicos de material contido em sedimentos servem como referência em estudos de reconstituição paleoambiental dos últimos milênios. Nesse contexto, a análise palinológica de dois perfis sedimentares do interior de matas com Araucária do estado do Rio Grande do Sul foi realizada. São apresentadas descrições dos grãos de pólen e dados ecológicos dos respectivos táxons de gimnospermas e angiospermas. A análise envolveu amostras de dois perfis sedimentares do Quaternário Tardio de São Francisco de Paula (perfil 1: Alpes de São Francisco, 29º29'S-50º37'W, perfil 2: Banhado Amarelo, 29º18'S-50º08'W, coletados com o Amostrador de Hiller. O processamento químico das amostras seguiu o método padrão, com HCl, HF, KOH, acetólise e montagem das lâminas em gelatina-glicerinada. A análise foi realizada em microscopia óptica. A descrição de cada material é acompanhada de ilustrações. São apresentados palinomorfos de três gimnospermas e 65 angiospermas. A grande riqueza do espectro polínico mostra a potencialidade deste material em oferecer informações ambientais relevantes no estudo da gênese e dinâmica da mata com Araucária.Sedimentary pollen catalogues are aids in the study of paleoenvironmental reconstruction of the last millennia. In this context, palynological analysis of two sedimentary profiles from inside Araucaria forests of Rio Grande do Sul state was done. Descriptions of gymnosperm and angiosperm pollen and ecological data of the respective taxa are presented. The analysis involved samples of two sedimentary profiles from the Late Quaternary of São Francisco de Paula (profile 1: Alpes de São Francisco, 29º29'S-50º37'W, profile 2: Banhado Amarelo, 29º18'S-50º08'W, collected with a Hiller Sampler. Chemical processing of the samples followed standard methodology, using HCl, HF, KOH, acetolysis and slide mounts in glycerol-jelly. The analysis was done by light microscopy. All material is

  4. U Portugalii dusha poeta / Ana Paula Zacarias ; interv. Aleksandr Shegedin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zacarias, Ana Paula

    2006-01-01

    Äsja avatud Portugali saatkonda juhtiv suursaadik Ana Paula Baptista Grade Zacarias jagab Portugali kogemusi seoses liitumisega Euroopa Liiduga. Eesti-Portugali suhted, suursaadiku esmamuljed Eestist

  5. Fraturas do planalto tibial Tibial plateau fractures

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    Maurício Kfuri Júnior

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available As fraturas do planalto tibial são lesões articulares cujos princípios de tratamento envolvem a redução anatômica da superfície articular e a restauração funcional do eixo mecânico do membro inferior. Contribuem para a tomada de decisões no tratamento dessas fraturas o perfil do paciente, as condições do envelope de tecidos moles, a existência de outros traumatismos associados e a infraestrutura disponível para abordagens cirúrgicas. Para as fraturas de alta energia, o tratamento estagiado, seguindo o princípio do controle de danos, tem como prioridade a manutenção do alinhamento do membro enquanto se aguarda a resolução das más condições de tecidos moles. Já nos traumas de baixa energia, desde que os tecidos moles não sejam um fator adverso, o tratamento deve ser realizado em tempo único, com osteossíntese definitiva. Fixação estável e movimento precoce são variáveis diretamente relacionadas com os melhores prognósticos. Desenvolvimentos recentes, como os implantes com estabilidade angular, substitutos ósseos e imagens tridimensionais para controle intraoperatório, deverão contribuir para cirurgias menos invasivas e melhores resultados.Tibial plateau fractures are joint lesions that require anatomical reduction of joint surface and functional restoration of mechanical axis of a lower limb. Patient profile, soft tissue conditions, presence of associated injuries and the available infrastructure for the treatment all contribute to the decision making about the best treatment for these fractures. High-energy fractures are usually approached in a staged manner respecting the principle of damage control, and are primarily targeted to maintain limb alignment while the resolution unfavorable soft tissue conditions is pending. Low-energy trauma can be managed on a single-stage basis, provided soft tissues are not an adverse factor, with open reduction and internal f-ixation. Stable fixation and early painless joint

  6. Seasonal dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) variability in Dona Paula Bay

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kumar, S.S.; Chinchkar, U.; Nair, S.; LokaBharathi, P.A.; Chandramohan, D.

    as producers of DMSP in Dona Paula bay. Dinoflagellates also contributed during the non-monsoon seasons. Another factor involved in the variability of DMSPt was DMSP utilizing bacteria, which ranged from 1 to 10% of the total heterotrophic count...

  7. Timor-Leste : Country Environmental Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2009-01-01

    The Country Environmental Analysis (CEA) for Timor-Leste identifies environmental priorities through a systematic review of environmental issues in natural resources management and environmental health in the context of the country's economic development and environmental institutions. Lack of data has been the main limitation in presenting a more rigorous analysis. Nevertheless, the repor...

  8. Os empreendedores de vinhos de altitude do planalto catarinense

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    Nubia Alves de Carvalho Ferreira

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desse estudo é analisar e classificar os empreendedores de vinhos de altitude do Planalto Catarinense, por meio da utilização da tipologia de Westhead e Wright (1998. Esses autores apontam três tipos - o noviço/iniciante, o serial e o de portfólio. Para tanto, analisa quais são as características empreendedoras utilizadas. Verifica ainda se o fato de possuírem experiência em outros setores colabora para a consolidação dessa nova atividade. Trata-se de uma abordagem qualitativa, sendo a pesquisa do tipo exploratória que se configura como um estudo de caso. Os dados foram coletados por meio de pesquisa a sites, revistas, documentos e pessoas envolvidas no processo de formação e gestão dos empreendimentos em vinhos de altitude e, sobretudo, por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas com os empreendedores. Os resultados obtidos demonstram a tipologia portfólio, evidenciam as habilidades como a característica preponderante desses empreendedores e confirmam outros trabalhos e cases pesquisados e apresentados na literatura. Ressalva-se a necessidade de novas pesquisas, em maior profundidade e número de entrevistados.

  9. Subsídios para o monitoramento de formigas cortadeiras em plantios florestais no Planalto Catarinense

    OpenAIRE

    Hoffer, Hadson

    2015-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi fornecer subsídios para o monitoramento de formigas cortadeiras em plantios florestais no Planalto Catarinense, conhecendo as espécies de formigas cortadeiras da região, sua associação com o tipo de solo e a distribuição espaço-temporal dos danos causados em Pinus taeda. Para isso foram percorridos plantios florestais em sete municípios do Planalto Catarinense na busca por ninhos de formigas cortadeiras. As coletas ocorreram em cinco diferentes tipos de solo com ...

  10. Epidemiologia das helmintoses gastrintestinais de ovinos no Planalto Catarinense

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    Ramos César Itaqui

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi desenvolvido em três propriedades rurais nos municípios de Lages, São Joaquim e Campos Novos, estado de Santa Catarina, com os objetivos de determinar a prevalência, a intensidade e a variação sazonal de helmintos gastrintestinais e pulmonares em ovinos no Planalto Catarinense. Com base nos resultados aintenção é propor um esquema estratégico de controle. Para isso, foram utilizados mensalmente três cordeiros traçadores por propriedade, os quais, antes de serem conduzidos às mesmas, foram estabulados por 30 dias e executados tratamentos supressivos com anti-helmínticos de diferentes princípios ativos, com exames parasitológicos semanais para verificar a total eliminação de infecção parasitária. A seguir, foram encaminhados às três propriedades onde permaneceram em pastejo por 28 dias, sendo posteriormente recolhidos ao estábulo por mais 20 dias. Após foram sacrificados e realizada a coleta de alíquotas de 10% dos conteúdos do abomaso e intestino delgado, todos os helmintos do intestino grosso e pulmão. As maiores infecções por Haemonchus contortus ocorreram durante o período de outubro a março. O parasitismo por Trichostrongylus axei e Trichostrongylus colubriformis teve índices crescentes ao longo dos anos experimentais, apresentando maior pico de maio a outubro de 1999. Predominaram as espécies, no abomaso: Haemonchus contortus (100%; Trichostrongylus axei (98,7%; Trichostrongylus colubriformis (1,3%; Teladorsagia circumcincta (100%; Ostertagia ostertagi (100%. No intestino delgado: Trichostrongylus colubriformis (100%; Cooperia punctata (69,1%; Cooperia pectinata (18,4%; Cooperia curticei (6,9%; Cooperia oncophora (4,8%; Cooperia spatulata (0,8% e Nematodirus spathiger (100%. No intestino grosso: Oesophagostomum venulosum (100% e Trichuris ovis (100%. No pulmão, não foram encontrados parasitos.

  11. COMPARTIMENTAÇÃO MORFOLÓGICA DA MARGEM LESTE DA ILHA DE MARAJÓ: ZONA COSTEIRA DOS MUNICÍPIOS DE SOURE E SALVATERRA – ESTADO DO PARÁ

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    Carmena Ferreira de França

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available A compartimentação morfológica da zona costeira de Soure e Salvaterra, margem leste da Ilha de Marajó (PA; baseia-se em dados de sensores remotos, nas características geológicas, topográficas e vegetacionais levantadas em trabalhos de campo e na revisão da literatura sobre a região do Golfão Amazônico. A área de estudo subdivide-se em duas grandes unidades: planalto costeiro e planície costeira. O planalto costeiro é constituído por sedimentos areno-argilosos terciários do Grupo Barreiras/Pós-Barreiras, correspondendo a um relevo aplainado com suaves ondulações e cotas topográficas acima de 5 m (baixo platô. A cobertura vegetal apresenta matas secundárias, capoeiras e cerrados. A planície costeira é constituída por sedimentos lamosos e arenosos holocênicos, depositados sob influência de correntes de maré e ondas, apresentando cotas topográficas abaixo de 5 m. A cobertura vegetal é representada por mangues, campos inundáveis e restingas. As sub- unidades da planície costeira são: paleocanal, terraço arenoso, planície lamosa de supramaré, planície lamosa de intermaré, cordões arenosos antigos, cordões arenosos de dunas e praias atuais, canais de maré e deltas de maré vazante.

  12. IDP camp closure and gender inequality in Timor-Leste

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    Phyllis Ferguson

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The goal of humanitarian assistance in Timor-Leste during a seriesof crises from 2006 to 2008 became increasingly focused on IDPcamp closure, with the assisted return of IDPs to their communitiesor to alternative living situations.

  13. Ülestõusmispühad barokkmeistrite suurteostega / Kersti Inno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Inno, Kersti, 1954-

    2006-01-01

    G. F. Händeli "Ülestõusmisoratooriumi" ettekandest 16. apr. Estonia kontserdisaalis. J. S. Bachi "Missa h-moll" ettekandest 13. apr. Jõhvi kontserdimajas, 14. apr. Estonia kontserdisaalis, 15. apr. Pärnu kontserdimajas

  14. História da terra e do homem no Planalto Central, de Paulo Bertran

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    Kelerson Semerene Costa

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available História da terra e do homem no Planalto Central: eco-história do Distrito Federal, de Paulo Bertran. Brasília, Editora da Universidade de Brasília, 3a. edição, 2011. 615 p. Coleção UnB nos 50 anos de Brasília. R$ 65,00 Ilustrado, Índice remissivo, ISBN 978-85-230-1281-6

  15. Beyond Democratic Tolerance: Witch Killings in Timor-Leste

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    Rebecca Strating

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Newly democratising states experience challenges in reconciling “traditional” or “customary” dispute resolution practices with newly established state-based legal systems based on the rule of law. For Timor-Leste, these tensions are pronounced in continuing debates concerning the killing or injuring of women accused of witchcraft. Defences of extrajudicial punishments tend to conflate democracy with local support and fail to deal with the key institutions of democratic systems, including the rule of law, political equality, and civil rights. In Timor-Leste’s case, where equality and social rights were incorporated into the Constitution as fundamental governmental obligations, localised extrajudicial punishments threaten internal and external state legitimacy and highlight the difficulties of ensuring the primacy of state-based institutions. Extrajudicial punishments challenge Timor-Leste’s capacity to consolidate new liberal democratic political institutions.

  16. Creative (misreading? Paula Rego’s Jane Eyre Jane Eyre vue par Paula Rego : de l’art de la (mauvaise lecture créatrice

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    Laurent Bury

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available En 2002, l’artiste britannique d’origine portugaise Paula Rego a créé une série de vingt-cinq lithographies inspirées par Jane Eyre. Ces œuvres ont connu une popularité immédiate, malgré leur interprétation peu orthodoxe du roman de Charlotte Brontë. Les gravures de Paula Rego ont ainsi pu être qualifiées d’ « anti-illustrations » ou de « méta-images », mais cet article les considère comme une forme graphique de « lecture créative », voire de « mauvaise lecture créative », puisque l’on pourrait soupçonner Paula Rego d’avoir délibérément « mal lu » le roman. Cependant, dans sa relation avec les textes antérieurs, Charlotte Brontë elle-même était adepte de la « mauvaise lecture », ou du moins aimait à induire le lecteur en erreur.

  17. Goodbye Conflict, Hello Development? Curriculum Reform in Timor-Leste

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Ritesh

    2012-01-01

    Motivations to reform curriculum in post-conflict, or post-colonial states are often driven by the need to (re) construct a cohesive and publicly legitimated national identity that is starkly different to that which existed prior. This paper explores the context behind such action in the Timor-Leste (East Timor) and some challenges which policy…

  18. Hybrid Method for Mobile learning Cooperative: Study of Timor Leste

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Costa Tavares, Ofelia Cizela; Suyoto; Pranowo

    2018-02-01

    In the modern world today the decision support system is very useful to help in solving a problem, so this study discusses the learning process of savings and loan cooperatives in Timor Leste. The purpose of the observation is that the people of Timor Leste are still in the process of learning the use DSS for good saving and loan cooperative process. Based on existing research on the Timor Leste community on credit cooperatives, a mobile application will be built that will help the cooperative learning process in East Timorese society. The methods used for decision making are AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) and SAW (simple additive Weighting) method to see the result of each criterion and the weight of the value. The result of this research is mobile leaning cooperative in decision support system by using SAW and AHP method. Originality Value: Changed the two methods of mobile application development using AHP and SAW methods to help the decision support system process of a savings and credit cooperative in Timor Leste.

  19. Hybrid Method for Mobile learning Cooperative: Study of Timor Leste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    da Costa Tavares Ofelia Cizela

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available In the modern world today the decision support system is very useful to help in solving a problem, so this study discusses the learning process of savings and loan cooperatives in Timor Leste. The purpose of the observation is that the people of Timor Leste are still in the process of learning the use DSS for good saving and loan cooperative process. Based on existing research on the Timor Leste community on credit cooperatives, a mobile application will be built that will help the cooperative learning process in East Timorese society. The methods used for decision making are AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process and SAW (simple additive Weighting method to see the result of each criterion and the weight of the value. The result of this research is mobile leaning cooperative in decision support system by using SAW and AHP method. Originality Value: Changed the two methods of mobile application development using AHP and SAW methods to help the decision support system process of a savings and credit cooperative in Timor Leste.

  20. Creative, Kinesthetic Activities to Motivate Young Learners to Communicate: A Conversation with Paula Garrett-Rucks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devall, Kelly Davidson

    2015-01-01

    This article presents a question and answer session in which Paula Garrett-Rucks discusses how creativity and kinesthetics motivate young language learners, the type of characteristics she might consider for different age groups in planning lessons, her views on the goals of world language teachers of young learners, and what a typical lesson…

  1. Paula Coutinho's outstanding contribution to the definition of Machado-Joseph disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Bruno Carniatto Marques; Germiniani, Francisco Manoel Branco; Marques, Paula; Sequeiros, Jorge; Teive, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni

    2017-10-01

    Machado-Joseph disease, also known as spinocerebellar ataxia type 3, is the most common form of autosomal dominant ataxia in the world. Paula Coutinho, a highly-regarded Portuguese neurologist worldwide, had a seminal participation in the definition of this disease, more than 40 years ago.

  2. Portugal em Timor-Leste: INTERFET e UNTAET

    OpenAIRE

    Palma, Elisabete Cortes

    2005-01-01

    A Resolução 1246 (11 de Junho de 1999) do Conselho de Segurança das Nações Unidas autorizou o estabelecimento da Missão de Assistência das Nações Unidas em Timor-Leste (UNAMET), com o objectivo de levar a cabo a consulta popular sobre o futuro do território. À UNAMET caberia ainda supervisionar o período de transição conducente à implementação da decisão do povo de Timor Leste. A onda de violência que se seguiu ao referendo de 30 de Agosto de 1999, levou, contudo, a que o Conselho de Seguranç...

  3. The herpetofauna of Timor-Leste: a first report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, Hinrich; Carvalho, Venancio Lopes; Ceballos, Jester; Freed, Paul; Heacox, Scott; Lester, Barbara; Richards, Stephen J.; Trainor, Colin R.; Sanchez, Caitlin; O’Shea, Mark

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Fieldwork conducted throughout Timor-Leste in September 2004 and July 2009 resulted in a collection or recording of 263 herpetological specimens (100 amphibians, 163 reptiles), comprising at least seven species of frogs and toads, 20 species of lizards, seven species of snakes, two species of turtles, and one species of crocodile. Among the amphibians, the most frequently encountered species were toads (Duttaphrynus melanostictus), rice paddy frogs (genus Fejervarya), and rhacophorid treefrogs (Polypedates cf. leucomystax). All three variants of rice paddy frogs encountered represent undescribed species similar to Fejervarya verruculosa from neighboring Wetar Island. Records of Fejervarya cancrivora and Fejervarya limnocharis for Timor Island are apparently errors based on misidentification. We obtained voucher specimens for a total of 147 lizards and voucher photographs only for four specimens of Varanus timorensis. Aside from geckos frequently associated with human habitations (e.g., Gehyra mutilata, Gekko gecko, Hemidactylus frenatus, Hemidactylus platyurus), we discovered an as yet undescribed species of bent-toed gecko, genus Cyrtodactylus, in the Same valley. Our specimens of Hemidactylus platyurus are the first record of this species from Timor-Leste. Commonly encountered skinks included four-fingered skinks (genus Carlia), wedge skinks (genus Sphenomorphus), and night skinks (genus Eremiascincus). Notable among the 15 snakes collected was the frequency of pitvipers (Cryptelytrops insularis), which amounted to over 25% of all snakes. Our specimen of the wolfsnake Lycodon subcinctus is the first record of this species for Timor-Leste. Based on these findings, it appears that the biodiversity of amphibians and reptiles in this remote corner of Wallacea is much greater than previously thought, particularly with respect to scincid lizards. The detail we provide in the species accounts is designed to allow the use of this report as a preliminary field

  4. The herpetofauna of Timor-Leste: a first report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hinrich Kaiser

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Fieldwork conducted throughout Timor-Leste in September 2004 and July 2009 resulted in a collection or recording of 263 herpetological specimens (100 amphibians, 163 reptiles, comprising at least seven species of frogs and toads, 20 species of lizards, seven species of snakes, two species of turtles, and one species of crocodile. Among the amphibians, the most frequently encountered species were toads (Duttaphrynus melanostictus, rice paddy frogs (genus Fejervarya, and rhacophorid treefrogs (Polypedates cf. leucomystax. All three variants of rice paddy frogs encountered represent undescribed species similar to F. verruculosa from neighboring Wetar Island. Records of F. cancrivora and F. limnocharis for Timor Island are apparently errors based on misidentification. We obtained voucher specimens for a total of 147 lizards and voucher photographs only for four specimens of Varanus timorensis. Aside from geckos frequently associated with human habitations (e.g., Gehyra mutilata, Gekko gecko, Hemidactylus frenatus, H. platyurus, we discovered an as yet undescribed species of bent-toed gecko, genus Cyrtodactylus, in the Same valley. Our specimens of H. platyurus are the first record of this species from Timor-Leste. Commonly encountered skinks included four-fingered skinks (genus Carlia, wedge skinks (genus Sphenomorphus, and night skinks (genus Eremiascincus. Notable among the 15 snakes collected was the frequency of pitvipers (Cryptelytrops insularis, which amounted to over 25% of all snakes. Our specimen of the wolfsnake Lycodon subcinctus is the first record of this species for Timor-Leste. Based on these findings, it appears that the biodiversity of amphibians and reptiles in this remote corner of Wallacea is much greater than previously thought, particularly with respect to scincid lizards. The detail we provide in the species accounts is designed to allow the use of this report as a preliminary field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of

  5. Portugali saadik : Venemaaga räägime kõigest / Ana Paula Zacarias ; interv. Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zacarias, Ana Paula

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu uue eesistujamaa Portugali suursaadik Eestis Ana Paula Zacarias Euroopa Liidu välispoliitika kujundamise põhimõtetest, suhetest Venemaaga, tööst EL-i põhiseaduslepingut asendava reformilepinguga

  6. Improving food security empowerment in Indonesia- Timor Leste border

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewi, G. D. P.; Yustikaningrum, R. V.

    2018-03-01

    Post Referendum 1999, Indonesia and Timor Leste have a strategic challenge to provide food consistently around the border. This research intended to discover an appropriate strategy to tackle fragility of food security in the land border of Indonesia-Timor Leste, to improve collaborative actions between parties, as well as, opportunity to actualize food cross-border trading between local farmers and factories. For the result, there are two approaches will be applied. First, the empowerment term refers to the strategy of empowerment in strengthening the capability and capacity of human capital as one of the determinant factors of the resilience and self-sufficiency achievement. Second, the gender approach looks at the women and men build confidence, resilience, and independence which one of them through an educational intervention that enable the local people to manage food chain. Atambua is a region count as relatively as high poverty, poor human capital, weak quality and competitiveness of agriculture products, livestock and fishery, SMEs, and infrastructure. Thus, field study research is applied to find the actual and strategic effort aim to lead the achievement of food security and to engage Atambua over food trade to Timor Leste.

  7. BRS Planalto: cultivar de cenoura de polinização aberta para cultivo de verão BRS Planalto: an open pollinated carrot cultivar adapted for cultivation under summer season conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo V Vieira

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available O grupo varietal Brasília apresenta ampla adaptação para cultivo em regiões/épocas de clima mais quente e tolerância às principais doenças que afetam o cultivo da cenoura em regiões tropicais e subtropicais ("queima-das-folhas" e as galhas radiculares causadas por nematóides do gênero Meloidogyne. No entanto, algumas cultivares desse segmento apresentam elevada incidência de defeitos genéticos que afetam a qualidade visual, sensorial e nutricional das raízes. A Embrapa Hortaliças desenvolveu a cultivar BRS Planalto, visando minimizar parte destas limitações. 'BRS Planalto' é uma variedade de polinização aberta que foi desenvolvida a partir da cultivar de cenoura 'Brasília'. Foram realizados 18 ciclos de seleção recorrente, com base no desempenho de progênies de meios-irmãos. Em cada ciclo de seleção foram feitas avaliações para caracteres fenotípicos, separadamente em cada família de meios-irmãos, em duas repetições com parcelas de 1 m² (aproximadamente 100 raízes por parcela. 'BRS Planalto' apresenta maior uniformidade do xilema e floema e uma coloração de raiz laranja mais escura que 'Brasília', devido a uma maior acumulação dos pigmentos α-caroteno e β-caroteno (precursores da vitamina A. Além disso, 'BRS Planalto' apresenta maior tolerância ao florescimento precoce no verão associada com baixas incidências de raízes com ombro verde, ombro roxo e halo branco. As raízes de 'BRS Planalto' possuem melhor aparência e formato mais padronizado. Além destas características, essa cultivar mostrou bom potencial produtivo, tanto em cultivo convencional quanto orgânico. Desta forma, 'BRS Planalto' poderá ocupar uma posição estratégica dentro da cadeia produtiva de cenoura no Brasil, representando uma opção com melhor qualidade visual e nutricional de raízes quando comparada com outras cultivares do grupo Brasília.The variety group 'Brasília' is still largely cultivated during the summer

  8. [Geraldo Horácio de Paula Souza, China and Chinese medicine, 1928-1943].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roland, Maria Inês de França; Gianini, Reinaldo José

    2013-01-01

    This essay is on the writings of sanitary doctor Geraldo Horácio de Paula Souza in Eugenia e Imigração (1928) and, after an official trip to the Orient, in Digressões sobre a medicina chinesa clássica (1942) and A sabedoria chinesa diante da ciência ocidental e a Escola Médica de Pequim (1943). The documents, analyzed according to the conceptual approach of Carlo Ginzburg, indicate a change in his view of the Chinese. Trained according to the Rockefeller Foundation's model of experimental medicine, Geraldo de Paula Souza was guided in his work by scientific rigor and record imagery. In his youth he was of the opinion that the Chinese civilization was stagnated, but this view changed after his visit, when he perceived the Chinese republic's capacity to modernize.

  9. A hospital's teamwork and CQI advance shared vision, interdependence among top managers. Interview by Paula Eubanks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biltz, J; Mild, L

    1992-09-20

    As quality improvement programs are initiated in growing numbers of hospitals, senior executives in those hospitals find themselves addressing a range of issues: team building, leadership and interpersonal interaction. CEO Jim Biltz and nurse executive Linda Mild of 760-bed HCA Wesley Medical Center, Wichita, KS, tell Hospitals Staff Editor Paula Eubanks how their participative management style and the hospital's continuous quality improvement (CQI) initiative have fostered new levels of teamwork and shared vision among the institution's top managers.

  10. SOIL QUALITY AND YIELD OF PINUS TAEDA IN THE PLANALTO CATARINENSE REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cedinara Arruda Santana Morales

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In forest areas, the continual use of the soil alters its physical attributes and deteriorates its quality, in consequence of the traffic of machines used in forest operations, resulting in lower yields of crops. The relationship between soil quality at different sites and the production of Pinus taeda was evaluated in soils of the Planalto Catarinense region. Four farms were used, with two sites on each farm, chosen for the soil type and yield of the forest. The soil morphology was described and samples were collected in each pedogenetic horizon for physical and chemical analyses. Great variation exists in the physical attributes of the profiles, especially in the sequence and thickness of the horizons. Compaction was verified in the surface layer of the shallow profiles, evidenced by the higher bulk density and, or, soil resistance to penetration. In these profiles, the yield was reduced by between 14 and 36%, compared to the deeper profiles with a smaller degree of compaction.

  11. Applying NASA Imaging Radar Datasets to Investigate the Geomorphology of the Amazon's Planalto

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, K. C.; Campbell, K.; Islam, R.; Alexander, P. M.; Cracraft, J.

    2016-12-01

    The Amazon basin is a biodiversity rich biome and plays a significant role into shaping Earth's climate, ocean and atmospheric gases. Understanding the history of the formation of this basin is essential to our understanding of the region's biodiversity and its response to climate change. During March 2013, the NASA/JPL L-band polarimetric airborne imaging radar, UAVSAR, conducted airborne studies over regions of South America including portions of the western Amazon basin. We utilize UAVSAR imagery acquired during that time over the Planalto, in the Madre de Dios region of southeastern Peru in an assessment of the underlying geomorphology, its relationship to the current distribution of vegetation, and its relationship to geologic processes through deep time. We employ UAVSAR data collections to assess the utility of these high quality imaging radar data for use in identifying geomorphologic features and vegetation communities within the context of improving the understanding of evolutionary processes, and their utility in aiding interpretation of datasets from Earth-orbiting satellites to support a basin-wide characterization across the Amazon. We derive maps of landcover and river branching structure from UAVSAR imagery. We compare these maps to those derived using imaging radar datasets from the Japanese Space Agency's ALOS PALSAR and Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) from NASA's Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). Results provide an understanding of the underlying geomorphology of the Amazon planalto as well as its relationship to geologic processes and will support interpretation of the evolutionary history of the Amazon Basin. Portions of this work have been carried out within the framework of the ALOS Kyoto & Carbon Initiative. PALSAR data were provided by JAXA/EORC and the Alaska Satellite Facility.This work is carried out with support from the NASA Biodiversity Program and the NSF DIMENSIONS of Biodiversity Program.

  12. COMPARAÇÃO DA DINÂMICA EVOLUTIVA, A LONGO E CURTO PRAZO, ENTRE O PLANALTO DE POÇOS DE CALDAS E O PLANALTO DE SÃO PEDRO DE CALDAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Henrique de Souza

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho utiliza metodologias que permitem o estudo de evolução da paisagem a longo-prazo (termocronologia por traço de fissão em apatita - TFA e curto-prazo (análise morfométrica da rede de drenagem, pelo índice de relação declividade – extensão dos canais de drenagem - RDE para compreender a dinâmica de evolução de dois planaltos vizinhos no sul de Minas Gerais – Brasil: o planalto de Poços de Caldas e o Planalto de São Pedro de Caldas. Os resultados apresentam ritmos de soerguimentos diferenciados para ambos os planaltos, identificados pela diferença na relação entre topografia e idade de TFA: no primeiro, formado por processos de intrusão magmática e vulcanismo no Cretáceo Superior, há uma relação inversa entre idade e altitude, com as idades mais recentes nas regiões elevadas; no segundo, originado por soerguimento epirogênico,  ocorre o contrário, as idades decrescem conforme diminui a altitude. Em ambos os casos, atividades tectônicas ocorridas ao longo do Cenozoico desnivelaram e compartimentaram os blocos topográficos. Os limites destes blocos, geralmente  coincidentes com contatos litológicos e lineamentos morfoestruturais, são também marcados por valores altos de RDE, indicando atuação erosiva recente nestas áreas, em oposição aos valores baixos, no interior dos planaltos, sugerindo a estabilidade destas áreas. Verificamos assim a preservação de antigas superfícies erosivas e a importância dos eventos tectônicos e magmáticos pretéritos na compartimentação atual do relevo, em escala regional.

  13. A Perda de um(a) Filho(a) Jovem no Romance Paula, de Isabel Allende

    OpenAIRE

    Cazanatto, Elenice; Martta, Margareth Kuhn

    2014-01-01

    O adoecimento e a perda de um filho são situações não naturalmente esperadas na perspectiva do ciclo vital, provocando uma ruptura na vida dos pais, despertando sentimentos intensos e muito sofrimento. No romance autobiográficoPaula,a autora Isabel Allende escreve para a filha que estava internada na UTI de um hospital, há alguns meses, com um diagnóstico pouco favorável. O presente artigo trata de uma leitura psicanalítica sobre a perda de um (a) filho (a) adulto-jovem, tomando como objeto d...

  14. COMPARTIMENTAÇÃO GEOMORFOLÓGICA DOS PLANALTOS ESCALONADOS DO SUDESTE DE MINAS GERAIS

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    Breno Ribeiro Marent

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Na macroconfiguração geomorfológica do sudeste de Minas Gerais é notória a organização dos planaltos, em planta e perfil, segundo degraus escalonados. A delimitação espacial desses degraus coincide com a organização da rede hidrográfica regional, composta por grandes bacias interiores (Paraná e São Francisco e por bacias costeiras menores (Doce e Paraíba do Sul. Esses agrupamentos de bacias são separados por um grande escarpamento, herança dos processos que colimaram na abertura mesocenozoica do Atlântico Sul. A compartimentação geomorfológica desses planaltos comprova o papel fundamental exercido pelo arcabouço litoestrutural na evolução e configuração da paisagem, bem como revela a participação de uma tectônica recente (cenozoica. As análises efetivadas neste trabalho se fundamentam no desnivelamento altimétrico que vigora na organização do relevo regional, à conta de remanescentes de blocos tectonizados e associados à diversidade litoestrutural. Os mapeamentos realizados comprovam a existência de três macrocompartimentos geomorfológicos, cuja morfologia regional manifesta caimentos topográficos em dois sentidos principais: para NW, nos degraus Paraná - São Francisco e Doce; para SE, no degrau Paraíba do Sul. Na morfogênese desses degraus foi fundamental o processo de retração denudacional das escarpas que, em múltiplas dimensões espaço-temporais, se articulou a condicionantes tectônicos e estruturais. As diferenças na dissecação das bacias costeiras indicam a atuação de níveis de base locais e uma resposta à orientação de estruturas regionais. As estruturas impõem um controle regional sobre a evolução da rede de drenagem com direção preferencial NE-SW. Anomalias de drenagem se encontram associadas ao controle litoestrutural e implicaram na reorganização da rede hidrográfica.

  15. SOCIALISMO E TEOLOGIA FACE AOS ACONTECIMENTOS DO LESTE EUROPEU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    . Editorial

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Com os fatos que se atropelaram no Leste europeu, determinada realização histórica do socialismo — a leninista-estalinista — chegou ao fim. As repercussões deste fato atingem o mundo inteiro, desde a própria Rússia, o centro do sistema, até as longínquas periferias do socialismo chamado ''real", em Cuba e Nicarágua, e também, de modo paradoxal, a África do Sul, onde o desmantelamento do socialismo soviético diminuiu o medo dos afrikaanders brancos diante do movimento antiapartheid, suspeito de ser um posto avançado do comunismo mundial.

  16. Education in Timor-Leste: Envisioning the Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin Burns

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Timor-Leste is a small state that finally achieved independence in 2002. It has had to re-build an entire education system from a small base largely destroyed in the independence struggle. This paper presents the issues identified in pre-independence meetings, and considers these within the framework of transition and transformation problems for a small island with a diverse population and a long history of colonisation, using Namibia as an apt example. Fifteen years later, teacher preparation both pre- and in-service is identified as a major issue in achieving educational and social goals, with language training a key factor. Enrolments have improved and gender equity is close to parity, but urban-rural differences remain. Late enrolments, drop-outs especially in the early years, and repetition are major hurdles in achieving an educated, knowledgeable and qualified population.

  17. Nearshore Benthic Habitats of Timor-Leste Derived from WorldView-2 Satellite Imagery

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Benthic habitat classes were derived for nearshore waters (< 20 m depths) around Timor-Leste from DigitalGlobe WorldView-2 satellite imagery, acquired from Jan 26...

  18. Dos trágicas trombosis puerperales: Paula Modersohn-Becker y María Estuardo

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    Julio Montes-Santiago

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Se recuerdan los casos de embolismo pulmonar fatal y trombosis puerperal con dolorosas secuelas, respectivamente, de la pintora alemana Paula Modersohn-Becker y de la reina de Escocia María Estuardo y se comenta su pertinencia dado el repunte moderno de la mortalidad materna en algunos países por dicho proceso.

  19. "Her mouth is medicine": Beth Brant and Paula Gunn Allen's decolonizing queer erotics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burford, Arianne

    2013-01-01

    This article asserts the need to recognize the complexity of the theoretical work of more lesbian Native American writers, focusing specifically Beth Brant (Bay of Quinte Mohawk) and Paula Gunn Allen (Laguna Pueblo). Their poetry and short stories provide a theoretically nuanced analysis of how heteronormativity is intertwined in and dependent on colonialism, and thus a methodology for Queer Theory that requires an understanding of it in relation to colonialism. They reject heteronormative Pocahontas fantasies about Native women, offering a lesbian-based tactic for decolonization through the expression of erotic desire. This article demonstrates the endless possibilities for fierce queer resistance, revolutionary change, and healing from the trauma of genocide and the accompanying colonialist heteropatriarchal disciplining of Native women's bodies.

  20. Sistemas de condução para o cultivo de physalis no planalto catarinense

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    Janaína Muniz

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available A cultura da Physalis peruviana, família das solanáceas, ainda é pouco explorada no Brasil, mas é uma nova opção de diversificação para pequenos produtores, com boas perspectivas para o mercado nacional e internacional, mais conhecida como camapum e joá-de-capote, podendo ser confundida com outras espécies. Essa frutífera pode chegar até dois metros de altura quando se utiliza um sistema de condução adequado, influenciando no desenvolvimento da planta e na qualidade do fruto produzido. O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar a influência de quatro sistemas de condução de plantas de physalis na produção de frutos, em dois ciclos de produção, durante os anos de 2006-2007 e 2007-2008, em Lages-SC. Avaliaram-se os sistemas de condução em "V", em "X", espaldeira simples e livre. O delineamento experimental adotado foi de blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições, sendo cada unidade experimental constituída de dez plantas. Observou-se que, nos dois ciclos consecutivos, o sistema em "X" apresentou os melhores resultados na maioria das características físico-químicas analisadas, quando comparado com os outros sistemas de condução. Conclui-se que a physalis se adapta bem à região do planalto catarinense e que, independentemente do sistema de condução utilizado, a planta tutorada sob sistema de condução apresentou frutos de maior peso, diâmetro e melhor qualidade, gerando frutos com maior valor comercial, quando comparados com a testemunha, sem condução e sem tutoramento.

  1. Fragile States, Infectious Disease and Health Security: The Case for Timor-Leste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John M. Quinn

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Timor-Leste is a very young and developing nation state. Endemic infectious disease and weakened health security coupled with its growing and inclusive public institutions keep Timor-Leste fragile and in transition on the spectrum of state stability. The objective here is to systematically review Timor-Leste's state and public health successes, showing how a fragile state can consistently improve its status on the continuum of stability and improve health security for the population. The case study follows a state case study approach, together with a disease burden review and a basic description of the health portrait in relation to Timor-Leste's fragile state status. Disease burden and health security are directly proportional to state stability and indirectly proportional to state failure. Timor-Leste is a clear example of how public health can feed into increased state stability. Our discussion attempts to describe how the weak and fragile island nation of Timor-Leste can continue on its current path of transition to state stability by increasing health security for its citizens. We surmise that this can be realized when public policy focuses on primary healthcare access, inclusive state institutions, basic hygiene and preventative vaccination programs. Based on our review, the core findings indicate that by increasing health security, a positive feedback loop of state stability follows. The use of Timor-Leste as a case study better describes the connection between public health and health security; and state stability, development and inclusive state institutions that promote health security.

  2. Eurípedes Simões de Paula (1910-1977

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    Janice Theodoro

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The central theme of this article is the performance of Professor Eurípedes Simões de Paula seen through his texts and the documents archived at the Centro de Documentação Histórica da Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas at the Universidade de São Paulo. Professor Eurípedes was responsible for setting up a humanist driven project which saw the Universidade de São Paulo as a centre engaged in building up people who would be responsible for the creation and management of critique regarding Brazilian socio-political life. Eurípedes' political commitment, both in the national and international sphere, could be seen through his career as a professor as well as a researcher, publishing articles, organising centres of study as well as teaching his students how to 'live the knowledge'. This article, filled with several quotations from professor Eurípedes himself, understands memory as a construction marked by time, by memories themselves and things that are forgotten, all processed in an individual as well as a social sphere.

  3. “The drawing is a pronunciation”: Paula Rego and Agustina Bessa-Luís

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    Mariana Andrade da Cruz

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this text is to analise The Girls, book in which portuguese novelist Agustina Bessa-Luís concerns the compatriot painter Paula Rego's life and work. In spite of its biographic contours, with special focus on Rego's childhood and her relationship with Victor Willing, the text brings various reflexions about the nature of the artistic job itself. It is believed that, by reading the novel, it is possible to consider it not only as a critic appreciation report of Rego's artistic fortune, but also as a book which value indwells in itself. By introducing the painter's biography, Bessa-Luis finds connections with her own experience, and use them as starting points to weave a great number of metalinguistic reflexions, as well as thoughts about the relation between text and canvas. Considering that, it is intended to demonstrate how the book accuses an interartistical dialog, also demonstrating connecting points between Bessa-Luis writing and the images that permeates the novel.

  4. Coral reef fish biomass and benthic cover data from Timor-Leste in June 2013

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Coral reef fish and benthos were surveyed at 150 shallow-water coral reef sites across the north coast of Timor-Leste and around Atauro Island in June 2013 during a...

  5. Multilingual Language Policy and Mother Tongue Education in Timor-Leste: A Multiscalar Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caffery, Jo; Coronado, Gabriela; Hodge, Bob

    2016-01-01

    This article looks at multilingual, mother-tongue-based language policies influenced by colonial and postcolonial histories and globalization processes. We use multiscalar analysis to show these policies as creative responses to problems affected by national and international forces. Our study focuses on Timor-Leste, specifically a pilot…

  6. Transformative Teachers or Teachers to Be Transformed? The Cases of Bolivia and Timor-Leste

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Ritesh; Lopes Cardozo, Mieke T. A.

    2016-01-01

    Applying the Strategic Relational Approach, this paper analyses the circumstances behind and educators' strategies in response to education reforms in two nation-states undergoing socio-political transformation--Bolivia and Timor-Leste. Despite the starkly different histories and contemporary context of each nation, we suggest that transformation…

  7. White grubs (Coleoptera, Melolonthidae in the "Planalto Region", Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil: Key for identification, species richness and distribution

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    Mariana A. Cherman

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available White grubs (Coleoptera, Melolonthidae in the "Planalto Region", Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil: Key for identification, species richness and distribution. The objective of this study was to survey the occurrence and geographic distribution of white grub species (Coleoptera, Melolonthidae in cultivated and non-cultivated fields of the "Planalto Region", Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil and develop a key at genus-level. Twenty-eight species from 15 genera and three subfamilies were recorded: Dynastinae, Melolonthinae and Rutelinae. The species or genera recorded for the first time in the state are: Cyclocephala metrica, C. tucumana, Isonychus albicinctus, Liogenys bidenticeps, L. fusca, L. obesa and L. sinuaticeps, Paranomala violacea, as well as unidentified species of Amononyx, Dicrania, Leucothyreus, Macrodactylus, Plectris and Rhizogeniates. Among the species recorded, 23 were associated with winter crops. Only Cyclocephala metrica, Dyscinetus rugifrons, two species of Leucothyreus and one species of the tribe Sericini were not present in cultivated crop fields. Cyclocephala flavipennis and Diloboderus abderus occurred in most of the municipalities sampled, often associated with Plectris sp., C. modesta and C. putrida. The highest richness of melolonthids was concentrated in the northeast of the Planalto region.

  8. “IN THE MIDST UNFATHOMABLY GROWS THE EMPTINESS”: APPROACHES AMONG THE POETICS OF JOSÉ CAVEIRINHA AND PAULA TAVARES

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    Patricia Ribeiro

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This work proposes a comparative reading of the poetry of Angolan writer Paula Tavares and that of Mozambican writer José Craveirinha in order to analyse the presence of eroticism in the verses of these poets. This research aims to demonstrate that eroticism manifests itself in both authors’s poetics through a seduction game and the subsequent meeting of the lovers, which sometimes becomes fugitive when intercepted by facts, specified and analysed throughout this text, which generate deep discouragement in the lyric speaker.

  9. Exploring the Geomorphology of the Amazon's Planalto and Understanding the Origin of the Modern Amazon Basin with Imaging Radar:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Islam, R.; McDonald, K. C.; Azarderakhsh, M.; Campbell, K.; Cracraft, J.; Carnaval, A. C.

    2015-12-01

    The Amazon basin is a biodiversity biome and plays a significant role into shaping the earth's climate, ocean and atmospheric gases. Understanding the history of the formation of the basin is essential to our understanding of the region's biodiversity loss and response to climate change. Ancient River channels in lowland Amazonia exhibit right angle branching structures as well as intricately intertwined channels. Past research has attributed these characteristic as a result of subsurface faults but makes it difficult to validate this augment due to dense vegetation and sedimentation. We seek to employ remote sensing techniques for examining geomorphological features and the relationship to evolutionary processes that shaped biodiversity in the modern Amazon River Basin. We utilize UAVSAR imagery gathered from the NASA/JPL airborne imaging radar over the Planalto, in the Madre de Dios region of Southeastern Peru in an assessment of the underlying geomorphology, its relationship to the current distribution of vegetation, and geologic processes through deep time. In the late Neogene, the Amazonian lowlands comprised either a series of independent basins or a single sedimentary basin. The Amazonian Planalto is variously described as either erosional surface or a surface of deposition. We employ UAVSAR data collection to assess (1) the utility of these radar data for use in identifying associated geomorphologic features, and (2) UAVSAR's utility in aiding interpretation of ALOS PALSAR and STRM datasets to support a basin-wide characterization. We derive maps of river networks using a canny based edge detection method applied on the UAVSAR backscatter images. We develop an algorithm, which separates the river networks into various catchments based on connected component and then calculates angles at each branch point. We then assess distribution of right angle branching structure throughout the entire region. The results of the analysis will have a major impact on

  10. Geraldo Horácio de Paula Souza, a China e a medicina chinesa, 1928-1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Inês de França Roland

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Estuda-se a produção ensaística do médico Geraldo Horácio de Paula Souza em Eugenia e imigração (1928, e após viagem oficial ao Oriente, em Digressões sobre a medicina chinesa clássica (1942 e A sabedoria chinesa diante da ciência ocidental e a Escola Médica de Pequim (1943. Os documentos analisados por meio das matrizes conceituais de Carlo Ginzburg indicam uma mudança na visão do sanitarista sobre os chineses. Formado segundo o modelo de medicina experimental difundido pela Fundação Rockefeller, Paula Souza pautou sua prática profissional pelo rigor científico e valorização do registro imagético. Após sua viagem à China, a linha de pensamento defendida na juventude, de estagnação da civilização chinesa, mudou, diante daquilo que considerou capacidade modernizadora da China republicana.

  11. Iron-containing pigment from an archaeological rupestrian painting of the Planalto Tradition in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Floresta, D. L., E-mail: denise.floresta@ifmg.edu.br [Instituto Federal Minas Gerais campus Santa Luzia (Brazil); Fagundes, M.; Fabris, J. D. [Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (Brazil); Ardisson, J. D. [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (Brazil)

    2015-06-15

    Archaeological rupestrian arts of the Planalto Tradition are of relatively widespread occurrence all over the land area of the state of Minas Gerais (MG), Brazil. They are typically composed by monochromic zoomorphic figures, especially of cervids, mainly in red or orange color. A fragment of a rock wall containing an archaeological painting was collected at the Itanguá site, in the municipality of Senador Modestino Gonçalves (geographical coordinates, 17° 56′ 51″ S 43° 13′ 22″ W), MG. The rock piece was covered with an archaeological painting with pigments of two different hues of red. The X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis revealed only a slight difference in Fe and P content for the two different color zones. The pigment materials on this small fragment of rock were analyzed by X-ray diffraction on the conventional incidence mode (XRD) and on grazing incidence X-ray mode (GIXRD), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray detector (SEM/EDS) and conversion electron Mössbauer spectroscopy (CEMS) at room temperature. Results indicated the occurrence of mainly hematite but also of diopside in the pigment. CEMS at RT reveal the presence of hematite and (super)paramagnetic ferric components. In order to confirm these results a small amount of powder from the painting pigments was also analyzed by transmission Mössbauer spectroscopy at 20 K.

  12. Iron-containing pigment from an archaeological rupestrian painting of the Planalto Tradition in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Floresta, D. L.; Fagundes, M.; Fabris, J. D.; Ardisson, J. D.

    2015-06-01

    Archaeological rupestrian arts of the Planalto Tradition are of relatively widespread occurrence all over the land area of the state of Minas Gerais (MG), Brazil. They are typically composed by monochromic zoomorphic figures, especially of cervids, mainly in red or orange color. A fragment of a rock wall containing an archaeological painting was collected at the Itanguá site, in the municipality of Senador Modestino Gonçalves (geographical coordinates, 17° 56' 51″ S 43° 13' 22″ W), MG. The rock piece was covered with an archaeological painting with pigments of two different hues of red. The X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis revealed only a slight difference in Fe and P content for the two different color zones. The pigment materials on this small fragment of rock were analyzed by X-ray diffraction on the conventional incidence mode (XRD) and on grazing incidence X-ray mode (GIXRD), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray detector (SEM/EDS) and conversion electron Mössbauer spectroscopy (CEMS) at room temperature. Results indicated the occurrence of mainly hematite but also of diopside in the pigment. CEMS at RT reveal the presence of hematite and (super)paramagnetic ferric components. In order to confirm these results a small amount of powder from the painting pigments was also analyzed by transmission Mössbauer spectroscopy at 20 K.

  13. Iron-containing pigment from an archaeological rupestrian painting of the Planalto Tradition in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Floresta, D. L.; Fagundes, M.; Fabris, J. D.; Ardisson, J. D.

    2015-01-01

    Archaeological rupestrian arts of the Planalto Tradition are of relatively widespread occurrence all over the land area of the state of Minas Gerais (MG), Brazil. They are typically composed by monochromic zoomorphic figures, especially of cervids, mainly in red or orange color. A fragment of a rock wall containing an archaeological painting was collected at the Itanguá site, in the municipality of Senador Modestino Gonçalves (geographical coordinates, 17° 56′ 51″ S 43° 13′ 22″ W), MG. The rock piece was covered with an archaeological painting with pigments of two different hues of red. The X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis revealed only a slight difference in Fe and P content for the two different color zones. The pigment materials on this small fragment of rock were analyzed by X-ray diffraction on the conventional incidence mode (XRD) and on grazing incidence X-ray mode (GIXRD), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray detector (SEM/EDS) and conversion electron Mössbauer spectroscopy (CEMS) at room temperature. Results indicated the occurrence of mainly hematite but also of diopside in the pigment. CEMS at RT reveal the presence of hematite and (super)paramagnetic ferric components. In order to confirm these results a small amount of powder from the painting pigments was also analyzed by transmission Mössbauer spectroscopy at 20 K

  14. Participatory Theater, Is It Really? A Critical Examination of Practices in Timor-Leste

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    Julia Scharinger

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Dance, music, and oral narratives are an important and vibrant part of cultural practice and heritage in Timor-Leste. But while Timorese people have used such creative methods and processes during rituals, celebrations, and their fight for independence, today arts and artistic expression become an increasingly popular strategy in development cooperation. Especially diff erent forms of so-called participatory theater with origins in development cooperation, arts, and social movements, present themselves as innovative, participatory, and well applicable in terms of capacity building and stimulating positive social transformation. Based on the author’s experience and observations, this article critically examines the alliance between various stakeholders in Timor-Leste engaging with the fact that the current scene of participatory theater can hardly be seen as an independent grassroots or even social movement, rather than an initiated top-down process by donors with specific agendas.

  15. The species of Canomaculina, Myelochroa, Parmeunella, and Parmeunopsis (Parmeliaceae, Lichenized Ascomycotina from the "segundo planalto" in the state of Paraná, Brazil Espécies de Canomaculina, Myelochroa, Parmelinella e Parmelinopsis (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycotina Liquenizados do segundo planalto do Estado do Paraná, Brasil

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    Sionara Eliasaro

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available The present study describes the species of Canomaculina Elix & Hale, Myelochroa (Asahina Elix & Hale, Parmelinella Elix & Hale and Parmelinopsis Elix & Hale occuring in the "Segundo Planalto" in the State of Paraná. Keys Identification are given. Six species are reported for the first time for Paraná. Parmelinella wallichiana is cited for the first time for the American continent.Este estudo descreve as espécies de Canomaculina Elix & Hale, Myelochroa (Asahina Elix & Hale, Parmelinella Elix & Hale e Parmelinopsis Elix & Hale ocorrentes no Segundo Planalto do Estado do Paraná. São apresentadas chaves para a identificação das espécies. Seis espécies são citadas pela primeira vez para o Estado do Paraná. Parmelinella wallichiana é citada pela primeira vez para o Continente Americano.

  16. Land access and livelihoods in post-conflict Timor-Leste: no magic bullets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon P.J. Batterbury

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In Timor-Leste, customary institutions contribute to sustainable and equitable rural development and the establishment of improved access to and management of land, water and other natural resources. Drawing on multi-sited empirical research, we argue that the recognition and valorization of custom and common property management is a prerequisite for sustainable and equitable land tenure reform in Timor-Leste. In a four-community study of the relationship between land access and the practice of rural livelihoods in eastern and western districts of Timor-Leste, where customary management systems are dominant, we found different types of traditional dispute resolution, with deep roots in traditional forms of land management and with varying levels of conflict. The article shows how customary land tenure systems have already managed to create viable moral economies. Interviewees expressed a desire for the government to formalize its recognition and support for customary systems and to provide them with basic livelihood support and services. This was more important than instituting private landholding or state appropriation of community lands, which is perceived to be the focus of national draft land laws and an internationally supported project. We suggest ways in which diverse customary institutions can co-exist and work with state institutions to build collective political legitimacy in the rural hinterlands, within the context of upgrading the quality of rural life, promoting social and ecological harmony, and conflict management.

  17. Back to the Future?: Timor-Leste, Cuba and the return of the mass literacy campaign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bob Boughton

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In December 2005, eleven Cuban educational advisers arrived in Timor-Leste to begin work on a national literacy campaign. Adapting the program known in Latin America as Yo, Sí Puedo (Yes I Can, the Cubans trained over 400 local tutors to run classes in every part of the country, using a method they call ‘alphanumeric’, delivered via audiovisual technology. The campaign was launched in March 2007, and the first classes began in June of that year. By September 2010, three years later, over 70,000 adults, over one fifth of the total illiterate population, had successfully completed a thirteen week basic literacy course. Drawing on original research undertaken in Timor-Leste between 2004 and 2009, followed by further investigations in May 2010 in Havana, Cuba, this paper describes the Timor-Leste campaign, locating it within the historical commitment of the country’s independence movement to adult literacy, and the broader context of Cuba’s international literacy work.

  18. A Casa de Geraldo de Paula Souza: texto e imagem sobre um sanitarista paulista The House of Geraldo de Paula Souza: text and image of a sanitarian from São Paulo

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    Lina Faria

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto busca estudar um capítulo importante da institucionalização da 'ciência aplicada' no Brasil. Não se trata de um estudo dos pressupostos ou paradigmas científicos, mas de imagens da história da institucionalização da ciência em São Paulo. O texto trata de uma instituição fortalecida ao longo de várias décadas, sob uma liderança que Robert K. Merton chamaria de 'catalisadora'. Através do riquíssimo material iconográfico deixado pelo médico sanitarista Geraldo Horácio de Paula Souza foi possível reconstruir um período importante da atuação profissional desse grande sanitarista à frente do Instituto de Higiene - embrião da atual Faculdade de Saúde Pública da USP - e os primeiros tempos de criação dessa instituição paulista.The article looks at an important chapter in the institutionalization of 'applied science' in Brazil. It is not a study of scientific suppositions or paradigms but of images from the history of the institutionalization of science in São Paulo. It examines an institution that was strengthened over a number of decades, under a leadership that Robert K. Merton was to call 'catalyzing'. Using invaluable iconographic material left by the sanitarian and physician Geraldo Horácio de Paula Souza, it was possible to reconstruct not only an important period in the professional life of this great sanitarian, who was at the helm of the Institute of Hygiene (embryo of the Universidade de São Paulo's present Public Health School, but also the early days of the creation of this São Paulo institute.

  19. Vivacidade dos elementos visuais da flona de São Francisco de Paula (RS / Vivacity of the visual elements of the National Forest of São Francisco de Paula (RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Italo Fillipi Teixeira

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available ResumoO estudo dos elementos estéticos de uma paisagem ainda é insipiente dentro do âmbito da ecologia de Paisagens. Tendo como área de pesquisa a FLONA de São Francisco de Paula, localizada no município de São Francisco de Paula (RS foi desenvolvido um estudo da vivacidade dos elementos visuais de cada hexágono, com objetivos de determinar as classes de vivacidade e a influência de cada variável estética sobre as paisagens desta unidade de conservação. Através da carta de uso da terra da FLONA de São Francisco de Paula, foi desenvolvida uma rede de hexágonos, a partir do programa CAMPEIRO 1.0. Utilizaram-se 22 variáveis para avaliar cada hexágono, com valoração de 1 a 5 nas categorias: muito baixa, baixa, média, alta e muito alta, respectivamente, sendo feito em laboratório e em campo. Como resultado obtiveram-se 158 hexágonos que geraram uma matriz de dados a qual foi submetida ao agrupamento através da análise de Cluster e Discriminante. O agrupamento dos hexágonos foi distribuído em cinco paisagens denominadas de Nativa, Araucária, de Encosta, de Transição e Exótica. Os valores finais dos hexágonos foram distribuídos em cinco classes de vivacidade: muito alta, alta, média, baixa e muito baixa. A Paisagem Nativa foi a que se destacou por apresentar 56,52% dos seus hexágonos na classe muito alta, sendo a única, e a Exótica por apresentar hexágonos na classe baixa e muito baixa, quatorze e sete, respectivamente. Também destaca-se a Paisagem Nativa e de Encosta pelo ranqueamento em primeiro e segundo lugar, sucessivamente, quanto a ocorrência de variáveis clássicas da estética. AbstratcThe study of the aesthetic elements of a landscape is still incipient in the ambit of the ecology of Landscapes. Considering as a research area the São Francisco de Paula National Forest (FLONA, which is located in the municipal district of San Francisco of Paula, RS, a study about the vivacity of the visual elements of

  20. Paula de Eguiluz y el arte del bien querer, apuntes para el estudio de la sensualidad y del cimarronaje femenino en el Caribe siglo XVII.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Maya.

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Paula de Eguiluz, like many other women of African ancestry born in the Caribbean, was obliged by the Inquisition to narrate her body, her emotions, her affections and her sexuality. Her testimonies manifest an untiring search for affection and reiterate the use of love magic so that others would be well loved. In the eyes of the inquisitors, women like Paula were “witches” and “sorcerers”. The declarations transcribed during the hearings that the Inquisition carried out against her shed light on two moments of her life. The first occurred in 1624 when she first appeared before the Tribunal of the Holy Office in the city of Cartagena de Indias. Paula was 33 years old and had recently been deported from Cuba. Accused of witchcraft, she was sentenced to wear a reconciliation habit, to 200 lashes, and to work in the city hospital. The second period developed 8 years later, in 1632, when the second process against her began. Paula was then 41 years old. During her eight years in Cartagena, she sold her knowledge of how to trap lovers and how to be well loved. Her clients were white women and free mulattas of the city who paid up to 50 pesos for her work. I wish to invite the reader to listen to Paula de Eguiluz say words that, although fragmented by the interpretation of the scribe, speak more of the condition of female slaves in the Caribbean in the 17th century than any of the stories of Sabbaths of witches that flew on broomsticks and devoured children that predominated in the minds of the judges. The fragments of her discourse will be interpreted from the perspective of the fugitive slaves, which means that knowledge of love and desire as well as the art of sensuality will become territories of freedom and autonomy for enslaved women.

  1. Representações da violência em A guerra dos bastardos, de Ana Paula Maia

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    Elena Losada Soler

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available La novela A Guerra dos Bastardos, de Ana Paula Maia presenta un denso cuadro de violencias ficcionales. El hecho de su autoría femenina es relevante para nuestro análisis. Encontramos en este texto todas las formas de violencia contenidas en el triángulo de Johan Galtung: violencias visibles o directas, invisibles o estructurales, y violencias culturales, así como diversas manifestaciones de la violencia simbólica como la analizó Pierre Bourdieu. Estas violencias son representadas con técnicas diversas: brutalismo, ironía, “gore”, distanciamiento etc. Nuestro trabajo tiene como eje el análisis de estas formas de representación, y en especial el tratamiento literario dado a la descripción de la violencia contra la mujer y de la violencia ejercida por la mujer.

  2. Nueva especie del género Lestes Leach, 1815 (Insecta, Odonata del Mioceno de Bellver de Cerdanya (Lérida

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    Compte-Sart, Arturo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A new fossil species of insect, Lestes dianacompteae n. sp. of the order Odonata, belonging to the genus Lestes Leach, 1815, is described based on wing from the Vallesian (Miocene, of Coll de Saig, in Bellver de Cerdanya (Lérida, Spain. It is compared with all fossil species of the genus and with the nearest extant species, from the paleartic and ethiopian regions.Se describe la nueva especie fósil de insecto Lestes dianacompteae n. sp. del orden Odonata, perteneciente al género Lestes Leach, 1815, sobre un ala procedente del yacimiento de Coll de Saig, en Bellver de Cerdanya (Lérida, España, del piso Vallesiense (Mioceno. La especie es comparada con todas las fósiles del género Lestes y las actuales más parecidas de las regiones Paleártica y Etiópica.

  3. A preliminary account of the fruit fly fauna of Timor-Leste (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellis, Glenn A; Brito, Americo A; Jesus, Hipolito DE; Quintao, Valente; Sarmento, Joaquim C; Bere, Apolinario; Rodrigues, João; Hancock, David L

    2017-12-05

    Opportunistic monitoring using baited fruit fly traps throughout Timor-Leste revealed the presence of 16 species of Bactrocera and one species of Dacus, all of which are previously reported from the region. Sampling of a range of commercial fruit species detected an additional species, B. latifrons, and revealed that nine species are attacking commercial fruits and vegetables. A key for separating these species is provided. New host records were found for B. minuscula, B. floresiae and B. bellisi. Variation in the morphology of B. minuscula, B. floresiae and an undescribed species and within B. albistrigata confounded attempts at accurate identification of some specimens.

  4. Diseño e implementación de una tarjeta entrenadora para fpga con aplicaciones prácticas para el laboratorio de microelectrónica de la universidad francisco de paula santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Armando Becerra-Vargas

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the conception, design and implementation of a card trainer for fpga with practical applications for the laboratory of microelectronics of the university Francisco de Paula Santander is presented. The FPGA programming interface is JTAG.

  5. Mineralogia da fração argila de solos vermelhos com horizontes superficiais brunados do Planalto de Lages (SC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. Almeida

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Em regiões de altitudes elevadas do sul do Brasil, predominam perfis de solos com coloração bruna ou bruno-amarelada, em conseqüência do clima frio e úmido, que favorece a formação e, ou, persistência de óxidos de ferro na forma de goethita, causando o amarelecimento completo dos solos. Entretanto, em alguns locais, constatam-se perfis de solos com horizontes superficiais brunados, mas que, em profundidade, apresentam cores avermelhadas, o que parece constituir relíquia de clima pretérito mais seco e quente que o atual. O presente trabalho objetivou estudar a gênese das feições citadas, por meio da avaliação das características estruturais dos óxidos de ferro goethita e hematita nos horizontes brunados e vermelhos. Para tanto, foram descritos e amostrados no Planalto de Lages dois perfis de Nitossolos Vermelhos (Podzólicos Vermelho-Escuros, com horizontes superficiais brunados. Além da caracterização analítica usual, avaliaram-se, através de difratometria de raios X, as características estruturais dos óxidos de ferro de horizontes dos perfis, bem como em crosta laterítica, pedotúbulos e nódulos de gibbsita. Diferenças no padrão da goethita entre os horizontes brunados e vermelhos, bem como similaridade no padrão da hematita ao longo dos perfis, evidenciam que a hematita e, possivelmente, parte da população de goethita com menor substituição de ferro por alumínio tenham sido preferencialmente dissolvidas nos horizontes superficiais. O amarelecimento superficial parece ter sido resultante da persistência da população de goethitas com maior substituição de ferro por alumínio e da neoformação de goethitas, cujas características de maior substituição isomórfica de ferro por alumínio indicam terem sido formadas em condições ambientais diferentes das que prevaleceram na formação dos horizontes subsuperficiais vermelhos.

  6. Florística e estrutura de um fragmento de Floresta Ombrófila Mista no Planalto Catarinense

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    Carine Klauberg

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2010v23n1p35 O Planalto Catarinense constitui-se em uma importante região estratégica para estudos referentes à conservação, em função da ocorrência de remanescentes de Floresta Ombrófila Mista e por ser uma área de recarga e afloramento do aquífero Guarani. Com o objetivo de avaliar a similaridade florística entre diferentes áreas amostrais e descrever a estrutura do componente arbóreo, foram alocadas, no Parque Natural Municipal de Lages, SC, quatro parcelas permanentes (40 x 40m e cada uma foi dividida em 16 unidades amostrais de 10 x 10m. Árvores com DAP ≥ 5cm foram mapeadas, marcadas e mensuradas. Os espécimes foram coletados, identificados e depositados em herbário. Foram amostradas 46 espécies distribuídas em 39 gêneros e 27 famílias. As famílias mais ricas em espécies foram Myrtaceae, Lauraceae, Salicaceae e Sapindaceae as quais apresentaram alta densidade, assim como Dicksoniaceae e Clethraceae. Sete espécies somaram mais de 60% do total de indivíduos amostrados. A diversidade específica (H’ foi de 3,05 nats.ind-1 (J’= 0,81. A similaridade entre as parcelas foi de 32 a 44%, indicando baixa semelhança entre as parcelas estudadas. A distribuição espacial da maioria das espécies é classificada como agregada, conforme o índice de Morisita. Esta floresta é considerada rica e diversa, com espécies arbóreas ameaçadas de extinção tais como Araucaria angustifolia e Dicksonia sellowiana. Devido à grande importância ecológica para a flora e fauna local e o processo de fragmentação na região, este remanescente florestal deve ser protegido e conservado, visto que ainda ocorrem interferências antrópicas negativas.

  7. Towards a reconstruction of the contributions of the Argentine experience to the development of International Human Rights Law: the voices of Claudia Fontes and Paula Bombara

    OpenAIRE

    Estefanía Giaccone; Viviana Kühne; Agustina Vázquez

    2017-01-01

    In the present dissertation, we intend to relate and contrast the representations that emerge from legal and political-institutional discourses on the crime of forced disappearance of persons in the Argentinian historical experience. In this sense, we will analyze the representations of the crime of forced disappearance of persons in two artistic works: The Reconstruction of Pablo Miguez Portrait, Claudia Fontes’ sculpture, and The Sea and the Serpent, a novel by Paula Bombara, in order to re...

  8. Modelos estimados de análisis de supervivencia para el tiempo de permanencia de los estudiantes de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander

    OpenAIRE

    Mawency Vergel Ortega; José Joaquín Martínez Lozano; Eduardo Ibargüen Mondragón

    2016-01-01

    The article shows factors associated with college desertion. The survival analysis technique allowed to perform a study with students from different programs at the Francisco de Paula Santander University, considering the events: semester, abandonment, punishment, punishment - abandonment. Using the Kaplan-Meier estimator [1], the survival function for each event of interest was estimated and desertion models whose variables were significant at 10% using the semi-parametric met...

  9. Building states without building nations: understanding urban citizenship in Dili, Timor Leste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valenti, Alex

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available State and nation building, although often used interchangeably in international relations policy and literature, are in fact two distinct, although closely intertwined, processes: the (recons-truction of a state cannot be reduced to a technical exercise, that is, state building; rather, it needs to focus just as significantly on the (reconstruction of the country’s social fabric in order to develop the sense of citizenship upon which its sovereignty and legitimacy rest, that is, nation building. This research note introduces urban spaces as interesting contexts to explore the relationship between state and nation building, arguing that their diversity is both a challenge and an opportunity for the state to create a sense of citizenship amongst its population. The case of Dili, the capital of Timor Leste, where a violent past and rapid urbanisation have combined to shape extremely diverse social, political and economic urban spaces, is used here to explore how the population of three case study areas perceives the impact of state policies and to question how these perceptions influence the scales at which people build their identity as well as how these scales affect the construction of local, urban or national citizenship in Timor Leste.

  10. Desempeño laboral de los enfermeros (a egresados de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander

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    Luz Marina Bautista-Rodríguez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar el desempeño profesional de los egresados del programa de enfermería que laboran en instituciones hospitalarias. Materiales y métodos: Se realizo estudio cuantitativo descriptivo de corte transversal. Con una muestra de 120 profesionales de enfermería pertenecientes a cuatro (4 Instituciones Hospitalarias del municipio de Cúcuta que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Para la recolección de la información se aplico instrumento compuesto por datos de identificación, perfil profesional, condiciones generales de trabajo y desempeño laboral. Resultados: el 85% de los egresados de manera satisfactoria realizan acciones gerenciales, administrativas y del cuidado, y solo el 50% de estos desarrolla actividades de educación e investigación. Conclusión: Los egresados del programa de enfermería de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander consideran que los contenidos aprendidos durante su carrera son excelentes y buenos, y les ha permitido en la práctica profesional desempeñar diversidad de cargos y acciones.

  11. Ludopedagogia: recreational-educational care for pediatrics University Hospital São Francisco de Paula-Pelotas / RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nivia Celoi Ferreira

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The respective project seeks to present the university extension project of the Faculty of Pedagogy of the Catholic University of Pelotas, named "Ludopedagogia: recreational-educational care for pediatrics University Hospital São Francisco de Paula - Pelotas RS". The proposal relies on the view that the play, in the context of the infant playfulness, is a relevant factor to stimulate the processes of human development, to insert the child in moments of relaxation and promote cognitive abilities, as well as, soften the tensions caused by the hospital environment. The presence of the play and everything related to it is one of the factors that facilitate and provide the adaptation of the sick to the hospital environment. Therefore, it requires the presence of a responsible (teacher to mediate ludic experiences and create a link between the magic of play and familiar environment. Besides the presence of  this professional, the proposal aims at the participation of the family to create a welfare situation and proportionate the realization of exchanges, in this way, it’s possible to soften the emotional tension in hospital environment e promote strategies to the infant development.

  12. Coral reef fish biomass and benthic cover data from Timor-Leste in June 2013 (NCEI Accession 0165354)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Coral reef fish and benthos were surveyed at 150 shallow-water coral reef sites across the north coast of Timor-Leste and around Atauro Island in June 2013 during a...

  13. 76 FR 54928 - Export Administration Regulations: Netherlands Antilles, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and Timor-Leste

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-06

    ..., Bureau of Industry and Security, U.S. Department of Commerce at 202-482-2440 or by e-mail: Sharron.Cook... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Bureau of Industry and Security 15 CFR Parts 738, 740, 745, and 748 [Docket...[ccedil]ao, Sint Maarten and Timor-Leste AGENCY: Bureau of Industry and Security, Commerce. ACTION: Final...

  14. Assessment of equity in healthcare financing in Fiji and Timor-Leste: a study protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asante, Augustine D; Price, Jennifer; Hayen, Andrew; Irava, Wayne; Martins, Joao; Guinness, Lorna; Ataguba, John E; Limwattananon, Supon; Mills, Anne; Jan, Stephen; Wiseman, Virginia

    2014-12-02

    Equitable health financing remains a key health policy objective worldwide. In low and middle-income countries (LMICs), there is evidence that many people are unable to access the health services they need due to financial and other barriers. There are growing calls for fairer health financing systems that will protect people from catastrophic and impoverishing health payments in times of illness. This study aims to assess equity in healthcare financing in Fiji and Timor-Leste in order to support government efforts to improve access to healthcare and move towards universal health coverage in the two countries. The study employs two standard measures of equity in health financing increasingly being applied in LMICs-benefit incidence analysis (BIA) and financing incidence analysis (FIA). In Fiji, we will use a combination of secondary and primary data including a Household Income and Expenditure Survey, National Health Accounts, and data from a cross-sectional household survey on healthcare utilisation. In Timor-Leste, the World Bank recently completed a health equity and financial protection analysis that incorporates BIA and FIA, and found that the distribution of benefits from healthcare financing is pro-rich. Building on this work, we will explore the factors that influence the pro-rich distribution. The study is approved by the Human Research Ethics Committee of University of New South Wales, Australia (Approval number: HC13269); the Fiji National Health Research Committee (Approval # 201371); and the Timor-Leste Ministry of Health (Ref MS/UNSW/VI/218). Study outcomes will be disseminated through stakeholder meetings, targeted multidisciplinary seminars, peer-reviewed journal publications, policy briefs and the use of other web-based technologies including social media. A user-friendly toolkit on how to analyse healthcare financing equity will be developed for use by policymakers and development partners in the region. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group

  15. Application of standard treatment guidelines in rural community health centres, Timor-Leste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higuchi, Michiyo; Okumura, Junko; Aoyama, Atsuko; Suryawati, Sri; Porter, John

    2012-08-01

    To analyse nurses' and midwives' knowledge of and attitudes towards standard treatment guidelines (STGs), which were developed to help their practices at rural community health centres (CHCs) in Timor-Leste. Fifty-five nurses and midwives were individually interviewed. Data were analysed qualitatively using the Framework approach. Overall, the standard treatments for acute respiratory tract infections, malaria and diarrhoea were well known by the respondents. Clinical nurses showed precise and detailed knowledge, especially for antibiotic use. The respondents were willing to use STGs and believed that they 'should' follow them. This feeling arose due to their self-awareness as frontline health workers and, at the same time, as peripheral civil servants. The changes brought about by the introduction of STGs were positively perceived. Three components of the change were observed: the concept, daily practice and perceived patient satisfaction. The respondents had previously felt a lack of confidence and hoped to improve their capacity as health care workers; they became confident in their practices by using STGs. Self-confidence was identified more clearly in the clinical nurse interviews. Few difficulties in using STGs were indicated, and the respondents suggested ways to deal with these difficulties. By using the STGs, the nurses/midwives gained knowledge and self-confidence. The positive perception of the changes promoted further use of the STGs. Clinical nurse training positively influenced the knowledge of and attitudes towards the STGs. Few difficulties in applying STGs in daily practice were identified, which is contrary to previous studies that targeted physicians in the Western world. Development of STGs within a health policy framework was considered a key factor. The STGs exist across related policies and various programmes, which are interconnected. The Timor-Leste experience indicates the value of STGs for non-physician health care providers at the

  16. PENGARUH FREKUENSI SIKLON TROPIS TERHADAP CURAH HUJAN DI TIMOR-LESTE

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    Fernandes Flaviana Pinto

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the impact of tropical cyclone frequency to the rainfall in Timor-Leste using monthly data for 30 years. The rainfall data obtained from tropical rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM satellite and Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC. Daily rainfall In Situ data obtained from Direcção Nacional de Meteorologia e Geofisica (DNMG. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA and Bureau of Meteorology Australia (BOM provided for tropical cyclone data. The impact of tropical cyclone to the rainfall can be observed from the seasonal pattern of DJF, MAM, JJA and SON. The highest and the lowest correlation seasonal pattern of MAM and DJF are about r = 0.99 and r = -0.97, respectively. Correlation in the seasonal pattern of JJA and SON are about r = 0.0, it because no cyclone in this season. If we observed the daily condition between tropical cyclone frequency to rainfall, the highest correlation occurred in March 2004 and April 2011 with the resulting correlation are about r = 0.73 and r = 0.79, respectively. This is an overall correlation a week before, after and during cyclone. For along 30 years, we found the correlation in 2000 and 2006 is about r = 0.41. So that, the value of correlation coefficient obtained from 1983 to 2012 is about r = 0.19, there is not a significant impact to the rainfall when tropical cyclone doesn’t occur in Timor-Leste. Keywords: Tropical Cyclone Frequency, Rainfall, Anomaly, Correlation

  17. Spatial and temporal patterns of dengue infections in Timor-Leste, 2005-2013.

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    Wangdi, Kinley; Clements, Archie C A; Du, Tai; Nery, Susana Vaz

    2018-01-04

    Dengue remains an important public health problem in Timor-Leste, with several major epidemics occurring over the last 10 years. The aim of this study was to identify dengue clusters at high geographical resolution and to determine the association between local environmental characteristics and the distribution and transmission of the disease. Notifications of dengue cases that occurred from January 2005 to December 2013 were obtained from the Ministry of Health, Timor-Leste. The population of each suco (the third-level administrative subdivision) was obtained from the Population and Housing Census 2010. Spatial autocorrelation in dengue incidence was explored using Moran's I statistic, Local Indicators of Spatial Association (LISA), and the Getis-Ord statistics. A multivariate, Zero-Inflated, Poisson (ZIP) regression model was developed with a conditional autoregressive (CAR) prior structure, and with posterior parameters estimated using Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation with Gibbs sampling. The analysis used data from 3206 cases. Dengue incidence was highly seasonal with a large peak in January. Patients ≥ 14 years were found to be 74% [95% credible interval (CrI): 72-76%] less likely to be infected than those < 14 years, and females were 12% (95% CrI: 4-21%) more likely to suffer from dengue as compared to males. Dengue incidence increased by 0.7% (95% CrI: 0.6-0.8%) for a 1 °C increase in mean temperature; and 47% (95% CrI: 29-59%) for a 1 mm increase in precipitation. There was no significant residual spatial clustering after accounting for climate and demographic variables. Dengue incidence was highly seasonal and spatially clustered, with positive associations with temperature, precipitation and demographic factors. These factors explained the observed spatial heterogeneity of infection.

  18. Anticoagulation Control in Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Attended at Primary Care Centers in Spain: The PAULA Study.

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    Barrios, Vivencio; Escobar, Carlos; Prieto, Luis; Osorio, Genoveva; Polo, José; Lobos, José María; Vargas, Diego; García, Nicolás

    2015-09-01

    To determine the current status of anticoagulation control in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation treated with vitamin K antagonists in the primary care setting in Spain. The PAULA study was a multicenter cross-sectional/retrospective observational study conducted throughout Spain. The study included patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who had been receiving vitamin K antagonist therapy during the past year and were attended at primary care centers. International normalized ratio (INR) values over the past 12 months were recorded. The degree of anticoagulation control was defined as the time the patient had remained within the therapeutic range and was determined by both the direct method (poor control < 60%) and by the Rosendaal method (poor control < 65%). The study assessed 1524 patients (mean age, 77.4 ± 8.7 years; 48.6% women; 64.2% in permanent atrial fibrillation; CHADS2 mean, 2.3 ± 1.2; CHA2DS2-VASc, 3.9 ± 1.5, and HAS-BLED, 1.6 ± 0.9). The mean number of INR readings recorded per patient was 14.4 ± 3.8. A total of 56.9% of patients had adequate INR control according to the direct method and 60.6% according to the Rosendaal method. The multivariate analysis identified the following predictors for poor INR control: female sex, dietary habits potentially affecting anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists, multidrug therapy, and a history of labile INR. Approximately 40% of patients (43.1% by the direct method and 39.4% by the Rosendaal method) with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who were receiving anticoagulation therapy with vitamin K antagonists in primary care in Spain had poor anticoagulation control during the previous 12 months. Copyright © 2015 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  19. Paula Stradiņa Medicīnas vēstures muzeja darbības pārskats (2011–2012

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    Lienīte Šarkūna

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available 2011. gadā Paula Stradiņa Medicīnas vēstures muzejā notika vairāki starptautiski un valstiski nozīmīgi pasākumi, starp tiem – pirms 20 gadiem notikušajiem 1991. gada barikāžu laika notikumiem veltītie. Tos atzīmējot, 12. janvārī muzejā atklāja izstādi un konferenci par ārstiem 1991. gada barikādēs.

  20. Towards a reconstruction of the contributions of the Argentine experience to the development of International Human Rights Law: the voices of Claudia Fontes and Paula Bombara

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    Estefanía Giaccone

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present dissertation, we intend to relate and contrast the representations that emerge from legal and political-institutional discourses on the crime of forced disappearance of persons in the Argentinian historical experience. In this sense, we will analyze the representations of the crime of forced disappearance of persons in two artistic works: The Reconstruction of Pablo Miguez Portrait, Claudia Fontes’ sculpture, and The Sea and the Serpent, a novel by Paula Bombara, in order to read them into the perspective of law, with the jurisprudence and communications of international organizations that shape our unit of study.

  1. Use of medicines and adherence to standard treatment guidelines in rural community health centers, Timor-Leste.

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    Higuchi, Michiyo; Okumura, Junko; Aoyama, Atsuko; Suryawati, Sri; Porter, John

    2015-03-01

    The use of medicines and nurses'/midwives' adherence to standard treatment guidelines (STGs) were examined in Timor-Leste during the early stage of the nation's new health system development. A cross-sectional study was conducted as the quantitative element of mixed methods research. Retrospective samples from patient registration books and prospective observations were obtained in 20 randomly selected rural community health centers. The medicines use indicators, in particular the level of injection use, in Timor-Leste did not suggest overprescription. Prescribers with clinical nurse training prescribed significantly fewer antibiotics than those without such training (P < .01). The adjusted odds ratio of prescribing adherence for clinical nurse training, after accounting for confounders and prescriber clustering, was 6.6 (P < .01). STGs for nonphysician health professionals at the primary health care level have potential value in basic health care delivery, including appropriate use of medicines, in resource-limited communities when strategically developed and introduced. © 2012 APJPH.

  2. "The family is the clinic, the community is the hospital": community mental health in Timor-Leste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Zoe; Tilman, Teofilo

    2011-07-01

    This paper describes the history and recent development of mental health services in Timor-Leste, a small developing country recovering from conflict. Challenges to effective service delivery are discussed as well as plans for future development. Timor-Leste's mental health service began just over a decade ago. Unlike many other low and middle income countries where hospital-based services predominate, the mental health model in Timor-Leste is entirely community based. However, challenges to effective mental health care delivery are similar to most developing countries and include a lack of sufficient financial resources, human resources, and mental health infrastructure. Addressing these issues successfully requires political will, a greater prioritization of mental health services, close coordination between stakeholders, as well as developments in the area of education, training and infrastructure. Greater understanding and education about the links between mental and physical health would benefit the overall health of the population, and integration of these respective policies may prove a successful method of more equitably redistributing finances and resources.

  3. The Relationship Between Education, Job, and Family Income with TB Medication Dropouts in Timor-Leste

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    Valente Da Silva

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background:  TB treatment dropout is one causes of treatment failure, which could increase drug resistant cases. Drug resistant cases of TB were reported by the Ministry of Health of East Timor in 2008 (3 cases, 2009 (3 cases, and in 2010 (6 cases. With drug resistant emerging, TB will require longer treatment time. According to the WHO report (2013 the results of pulmonary tuberculosis BTA (+ treatment were reported: Year 2010 the number of failure of treatment was (0.53%; Died of TB (3.53%; Drop out of treatment (4.05%; Outmigration (3.98%; In 2011 cases of treatment failure (0.50% Died of TB (3.36%; Drop out of treatment (3.36%; Outmigration (1.92%; In 2012 cases of treatment failure (1.03%; Died of TB (3.49% Drop out of treatment (4.59% and migration, (2.26%. According to the National Statistics Directorate (NSD in 2011, that the East Timorese people still live mostly 70.4% in the rural areas. While access to health services remains a challenge, since the people of Timor Leste proclaimed the restoration of its independence. Objective: This study aimed to determine whether there is a relationship between the variables of education, family income, and job with cases of TB medication discontinuation. Methods: This study was conducted using descriptive correlation method. The sample was determined by Ridwan & Akdon (2010 formula. The total of samples was 100 people who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and selected randomly. This research was conducted in District Manatuto and Liquica Timor-Leste on March 28, 2015. Results: The correlation test showed a strong positive relationship level if r = 0.51 until +1. Analysis of significance value of r xy = 0.671 and p = 0.000 indicates that there is a significant relationship between the variables of education, job and income with variable discontinuation of treatment. Conclusion: Based on the results of research and data analysis, it can be concluded that the results of this study are as

  4. Las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (tic en la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander

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    Jhon Franklin Espinosa-Castro

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The information and communication technologies (ICT, today are establishing a change in humans, especially in the university education system in the process of teaching and learning where to use and apply effectively. To help students acquire the skills necessary to gather the elements and techniques used in the processing and transmission of information, especially information technology, internet and telecommunications. Given the above, the University Francisco de Paula Santander was not found any records about the technologies of information and communication technologies (ICT. Due, not to establishing research, and also students are not knowledgeable in the use and implementation within the different careers that established information. He must, that 73% of students surveyed used the Internet for UFPS for different activities. Furthermore, accessing the service using a laptop in the green spaces, cubicles, rooms or in corridors of buildings, especially the green areas, because it is the place that has better coverage. Also, 436 students of 1000 established a score of 3 on a scale of 1 to 5. Where Las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (tic en la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander Jhon Franklin Espinosa Castro1 . 12 the university community uses the Internet chat service, social networking, music and games. At the same time, it is expected that this research, propose alternatives to improve the quality of teaching and learning, as students need to know the advantages provided by ICT to successfully work with technological advances.

  5. Agenda Setting and Evidence in Maternal Health: Connecting Research and Policy in Timor-Leste.

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    Wild, Kayli; Kelly, Paul; Barclay, Lesley; Martins, Nelson

    2015-01-01

    The evidence-based policy (EBP) movement has received significant attention in the scientific literature; however, there is still very little empirical research to provide insight into how policy decisions are made and how evidence is used. The lack of research on this topic in low- and middle-income countries is of particular note. We examine the maternity waiting home policy in Timor-Leste to understand the role of context, policy characteristics, individual actors, and how evidence is used to influence the policy agenda. The research tracked the maternity waiting home policy from 2005 to 2009 and is based on in-depth interviews with 31 senior policy-makers, department managers, non-government organization representatives, and United Nations advisors. It is also informed by direct observation, attendance at meetings and workshops, and analysis of policy documents. The findings from this ethnographic case study demonstrate that although the post-conflict context opened up space for new policy ideas senior Ministry of Health officials rather than donors had the most power in setting the policy agenda. Maternity waiting homes were appealing because they were a visible, non-controversial, and logical solution to the problem of accessing maternal health services. Evidence was used in a variety of ways, from supporting pre-determined agendas to informing new policy directions. In the pursuit of EBP, we conclude that the power of research to inform policy lies in its timeliness and relevance, and is facilitated by the connection between researchers and policy-makers.

  6. PENGEMBANGAN KULINER LOKAL SEBAGAI DAYA TARIK WISATA DI DILI, TIMOR LESTE

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    Elizabeth Barreto Araujo

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The development of tourism industry can provide opportunities for tourism products including culinary in Dili, Timor-Leste. This article aims to identify types of traditional foods, measure the perception of tourists on traditional food and formulate program to develop traditional food as culinary tourism. Data collection for this article used direct field observation, interviews and documentation study, while data analysis used SWOT matrix. The results of this article revealed that in Dili there were several types of traditional food such as Saboko, Tukir, Kulu tunu or Kulu Gisa could be developed as culinary tourism. In regard to tourist perception on traditional food processing while good on quality of traditional food, food cleanliness and quality of restaurant service. Several programs conducted by the government to develop traditional food are human resource quality improvement, creating market for traditional food, identification of potential local products in each district and assessment of traditional foods.The restaurant owners also develop several programs such as menu adjustment, creativity in traditional food processing, and promotion.

  7. Para uma genealogia do debate em torno da viabilidade do Estado em Timor‑Leste

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    Nuno Canas Mendes

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available O artigo procura traçar uma genealogia do debate em torno da construção e da viabilidade do Estado em Timor‑Leste, desde os alvores da ideia de independência aos nossos dias: percorre o período 1974‑75, a ocupação indonésia até ao início e termo da administração internacional das Nações Unidas (1999‑2002 e finalmente a assunção da soberania em 2002, com os subsequentes desafios e dificuldades desde então sentidos. Este debate reflete tensões políticas de âmbito regional e internacional e deve ser inserido nos contextos históricos específicos em que ocorreu tal produção discursiva. Para além da definição de um quadro conceptual que se ensaia na aplicação ao caso, serão analisadas as posições dos principais intervenientes externos no processo, Estados e organizações internacionais, cujas motivações serão objeto de reflexão.

  8. Associations between bride price stress and intimate partner violence amongst pregnant women in Timor-Leste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, Susan; Mohsin, Mohammed; Tay, Alvin Kuowei; Soares, Elisa; Tam, Natalino; da Costa, Zelia; Tol, Wietse; Silove, Derrick

    2017-08-28

    Reducing violence against women is a global public health priority, particularly in low-income and conflict-affected societies. However, more needs to be known about the causes of intimate partner violence (IPV) in these settings, including the stress of bride price obligations. The representative study of women attending ante-natal clinics in Dili, Timor-Leste was conducted between June, 2013 and September, 2014 with 1672 pregnant women, a response rate of 96%. We applied contextually developed measures for the stress of bride price and poverty, and the World Health Organisation measure for intimate partner violence. Compared to those with no problems with bride price, women with moderate or serious problems with that custom reported higher rates of IPV (18.0% vs. 43.6%). Adjusting for socio-demographic factors, multivariate analysis revealed that ongoing poverty (OR = 1.75, 95% CI: 1.20-2.56) was significantly associated with IPV. Importantly, the strongest association with IPV was problems with bride price (OR = 2.73, 95% CI: 1.86-4.01). This is the first large consecutively sampled study to demonstrate a strong association between the stressors of bride price and poverty with IPV. Notably, bride price stress had the strongest association with IPV. Revealing this hitherto unrecognized factor of bride price stress may prove pivotal in guiding policy and interventions aimed at reducing IPV, and thereby improve the health and psychosocial status of women in low income and conflict-affected settings.

  9. The use of evidence in maternal health: Connecting research and policy in Timor-Leste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kayli Janine Wild

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The evidence-based policy (EBP movement has received significant attention in the scientific literature, however, there is still very little empirical research to provide insight into how policy decisions are made and how evidence is used. The lack of research on this topic in low and middle-income countries is of particular note. We examine the maternity waiting home policy in Timor-Leste to understand the role of context, policy characteristics, individual actors and how evidence is used to influence the policy agenda. The research tracked the maternity waiting home policy from 2005 to 2009 and is based on in-depth interviews with 31 senior policy-makers, department managers, non-government organisation (NGO representatives and United Nations (UN advisors. It is also informed by direct observation, attendance at meetings and workshops and analysis of policy documents. The findings from this case study demonstrate the importance of political context, policy characteristics and the power of senior Ministry of Health officials rather than donors in setting the policy agenda. Maternity waiting homes were appealing because they were a visible, non-controversial and logical solution to the problem of accessing maternal health services. Evidence was used in a variety of ways, from supporting pre-determined agendas to informing new policy directions. In the pursuit of EBP, we conclude that the power of research to inform policy lies in its timeliness and relevance, and is facilitated by the connection between researchers and policy-makers.

  10. Registros notáveis de répteis de áreas abertas naturais do planalto e litoral do Estado de Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil

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    Ivo Rohling Ghizoni-Junior

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2009v22n3p129 A composição e a distribuição dos répteis em Santa Catarina são pouco conhecidas, particularmente em suas áreas abertas naturais do planalto (estepe ombrófila e do litoral (faixa litorânea de restingas com dunas. Visando contribuir com o conhecimento dos répteis nestas áreas, são apresentados registros de dezesseis espécies anteriormente desconhecidas ou com poucos registros para Santa Catarina: Acanthochelys spixii, Anops kingii, Cnemidophorus lacertoides, C. vacariensis, Leptotyphlops munoai, Mastigodryas b. bifossatus, Tantilla aff. melanocephala, Atractus reticulatus, Gomesophis brasiliensis, Lygophis flavifrenatus, Oxyrhopus r. rhombifer, Phalotris reticulatus, Philodryas agassizii, Xenodon dorbignyi, Micrurus altirostris e Bothrops pubescens. São discutidos brevemente aspectos sobre a distribuição e a conservação destas espécies.

  11. Alteração mineralógica de Neossolos em uma climo-litossequência no Planalto do Rio Grande do Sul Mineral weathering in Neossolos in a climo-litosequence on the Rio Grande do Sul Plateau, Brazil

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    Fabrício de Araújo Pedron

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available No Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (RS, os Neossolos Litólicos e Neossolos Regolíticos são solos que têm sofrido forte pressão de uso, demandando maior conhecimento sobre sua gênese e mineralogia. O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar o grau de intemperismo de Neossolos Litólicos e Neossolos Regolíticos, avaliando-se a alteração dos minerais em perfis dispostos em uma climo-litossequência no Planalto do RS, através de técnicas de dissolução química e difração de raios X. Foram identificados dois grupos de solos com graus de alteração distintos. O primeiro é constituído pelos perfis da porção Oeste da climo-litossequência (P1, P2 e P3 e encontra-se no estádio entre a bissialitização e a monossialitização, com predomínio de esmectita com hidroxi-Al entrecamadas (EHE, caulinita e hematita na fração argila. O segundo é representado pelos perfis da porção Leste (P4 e P5, encontrando-se no estádio entre a monossialitização e a ferralitização, com predomínio de caulinita e goethita e presença de gibbsita e EHE na fração argila. Os resultados sugerem maior influência do clima na alteração dos perfis. Os índices ki e kr não foram eficientes em representar a condição de alteração secundária dos perfis de Neossolos.In the Rio Grande do Sul state (RS Neossolos Litólicos (Leptosols and Neossolos Regolíticos (Regosols are soils that have been suffering strong use pressure, demanding better knowledge on their genesis and mineralogy than the existing one. The objective of this research was to determine the weathering degree of Neossolos Litólicos and Neossolos Regolíticos through the evaluation of the minerals alteration in profiles disposed in a climo-litossequence in the RS Plateau, using techniques of chemical dissolution and X rays diffraction. The authors identified two groups of soils with different alteration degree. The first one is composed by the profiles of the West portion of the climo

  12. Prevalence and correlates of current cigarette smoking among adolescents in East Timor-Leste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siziya, S; Muula, A S; Rudatsikira, E

    2008-12-01

    To determine the prevalence and correlates for current cigarette smoking. Secondary analysis of the East Timor-Leste Global Youth Tobacco Survey conducted in 2006. Public and private schools registered with the Ministry of Education. A two-stage cluster sample of 1790 students in Grades 7 to 9. Schools were selected with probability proportional to enrolment size, and classes were randomly selected in each school. All students in selected classes were eligible to participate in the survey. The school and student response rates were 96.0% and 84.5%, respectively. Prevalence of current cigarette smoking. Out of 1790 adolescents, 52.1% were of ages less than 15 years, 51.8% were males, 42.8% reported having some pocket money in a month, and 72.7% had at least a parent who was a smoker. Prevalence of current cigarette smoking was 40.3%. Current smokers also reported having bought cigarettes from peddlers (32.4%), someone bought for them (16.7%), got from someone older (13.7%), borrowed (13.3%), and stole (3.4%). Males were more likely to be smokers than females (59.0% versus 19.3%). Factors positively associated with current smoking were: parental smoking; closest friend smoking; amount of pocket money; and exposure to anti-tobacco messages. East Timor has one of the highest prevalence of cigarette smoking among adolescents. The fact that exposure to anti-tobacco messages was associated with being a smoker may be evidence suggesting that anti-tobacco messages, especially from tobacco-related industry, may have unintended consequences.

  13. Perfil dos Psicólogos Inscritos na Subsede Leste do CRP-04

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    Keicy Rocha Santos

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi fazer um levantamento do perfil profissional dos psicólogos inscritos na Subsede Leste do Conselho Regional de Psicologia nº 04 (CRP-04, atuantes no município de Governador Valadares até 2010. Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo e comparativo entre os dados da presente pesquisa e aqueles que compõem o banco nacional, que se encontra na obra O trabalho do Psicólogo no Brasil, organizado por Bastos, Gondim e colaboradores (2010. Utilizou-se um questionário via e-mail marketing, respondido por 85 participantes que abarcaram as categorias do perfil profissional. Os dados levantados foram tabulados no programa Microsoft Excel e analisados no programa Sphinx Survey Edição Léxica. Verificou-se que a maioria dos participantes é branca, casada, do gênero feminino, com idade entre 26 e 30 anos e graduada em instituição privada, tendo especialização, principalmente em clínica organizacional e atuação na clínica. Ganha entre 3 e 4 salários mínimos como psicólogo, na condição de assalariado. Geralmente, a maioria não possui outra atividade profissional e a renda familiar é de, aproximadamente, 10 salários mínimos. Os dados corroboram com a média nacional do perfil profissional dessa classe de trabalhadores, trazendo algumas peculiaridades do município de Governador Valadares.

  14. Changes in the oral health of the children of Dili, Timor Leste, between 2002 and 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babo Soares, Lucio F; Allen, Penny L; Kingi, Jenna; Roberts-Thomson, Kaye; Bettiol, Silvana; Crocombe, Leonard

    2016-01-01

    This research compared the oral health status of school children in Dili (the capital of Timor Leste) in 2002 and 2014. The 2014 oral health survey of Dili's children replicated the methods of an AusAID-supported oral health survey conducted in 2002. Equal numbers of children were invited to participate from four age groups (6-8, 9-11, 12-14 and 15-17 years). For the 2014 survey, the subdistricts of Dom Aleixo, Cristo Rei, Metinaro and Vera Cruz were randomly selected for inclusion. A questionnaire was used to collect data on demographics and oral health behaviours. Oral epidemiological examinations were conducted by four dentists and five dental nurses. The 2014 survey in Dili recruited 758 participants for the questionnaire and 655 children for the oral examination. In 2014, a lower proportion of children reported brushing their teeth the previous day (97% vs 100%, p=0.01) and a larger proportion reported having toothache (40% vs 19%, pp=0.01). There was no difference in the prevalence of decay in the primary dentition (39% vs 37%, p=0.61) or the mean number of decayed, missing or filled (dmft) teeth in the primary dentition in 2014 compared to 2002 (2.0 vs 1.8, p=0.47). However, the prevalence of decay in the permanent dentition was greater in 2014 (70% vs 53%, pp=0.04). The prevalence of gingival bleeding (65% vs 81%, ppchildren between 2002 and 2014, associated with more permanent teeth dental caries experiences.

  15. Thinking Skills in the 12th Grade English Course book in Timor Leste

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    Joaninho Xavier Hei

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze the English course book of (Manual do Aluno INGLÊS 12.o ano de escolaridade/Students’ English Manual for 12th Year Schooling in Timor Leste. The activities in the reading and listening sections of the course book were performed to determine whether they emphasized on lower or higher levels of cognitive process. The study attempted to answer the following question: Do the cognitive levels of the activities that relate to the focus on reading and listening in the 12th grade English course book sufficiently represent all the six levels of the New Bloom Taxonomy of thinking skills? The objective of this analysis was to discover the reading and listening activities that can sufficiently promote the levels of cognitive process. The activities determined as the criteria for analysis were: Wh-questions, true/false question, yes/no question, multiple choice question, complete the sentence phrase, a chart, matching questions, statement question, and a key word request question. The activities of the questions were gathered, listed with the total numbers of 161 questions and analyzed according to the six levels of New Bloom’s Taxonomy. The results showed that 98 activities emphasized mostly on lower levels cognitive order while only 63 activities emphasized the higher levels of thinking skills. So, the course book mentioned above targeted as a resource for students to learn the language, not as a resource for students to develop thinking skills because it fails to equip learners with the activities requiring higher levels of thinking order. By implication, for the teacher/syllabus designer can be aware to modify their own learning material by integrating more higher-order questions to achieve higher levels of thinking skills. Keywords: Course book Activities Analysis, and New Bloom’s Taxonomy

  16. Características das Frentes Frias Causadoras de Chuvas Intensas no Leste de Santa Catarina

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    Marcelo Seluchi

    Full Text Available Resumo O presente trabalho analisa as características principais das frentes frias causadoras de chuvas intensas no litoral do Estado de Santa Catarina, com a finalidade de melhorar o conhecimento e a previsão desse tipo de situação. Para isso, foi feita uma climatologia sinótica das frentes frias, utilizando reanálises CFSR do NCEP e dados de precipitação do CPTEC/INPE no período 1998-2010, a partir dos quais foram separados 5% das frentes frias mais chuvosas da série. Os resultados mostram que as frentes frias que provocam chuvas mais volumosas ocorrem ao longo de todo o ano, associadas à penetração de cavados frios, intensos e pouco baroclínicos nos níveis médios e altos da atmosfera. A lenta evolução da situação meteorológica permite a intensificação de um cavado na baixa troposfera, que provoca a gradativa intensificação da instabilidade termodinâmica sobre o leste de Santa Catarina, através da advecção de calor e umidade desde a Amazônia. A frente fria que dispara a precipitação apresenta forte inclinação nos baixos níveis e lento deslocamento. Em geral, a situação meteorológica apresenta poucas variações sazonais e pode ser identificada, em média, com pelo menos 48 h de antecedência.

  17. MANAJEMEN RISIKO PADA PELAKSANAAN PROYEK KONSTRUKSI GEDUNG PEMERINTAH DI KOTA DILI – TIMOR LESTE

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    Octavio P.M Marques

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Building project as one of the construction services are filled with varying risks during the construction phase of the project implementation. At the stage of the project implementation, risks may arise either the risk of time, cost and those which affect the quality of the project. Therefore, we need to understand the risks at the construction phase and mitigation to the risks to meet in execution of project based on initial planning. The study was conducted to identify the risks in the implementation of construction projects of government buildings by using survey methods that aim to get the opinion of the respondents regarding the risks at implementation of the government building construction projects in the city of Dili - Timor Leste. Further, it was done a risk assessment to determine the major or main risks. Major risk is controlled through mitigation measures and allocation of risks to the parties directly involved in construction projects such as Project Owner, Technical Supervisor, Consultant Design, Consultant Supervision and Contractor. The analysis used in this study is a qualitative analysis. The results showed 64 risks identified in the implementation of construction projects there are 10 government buildings risks (16% with an unacceptable category, 18 risks (28% with the undesirable category, 28 risks (44% with acceptable category and 8 risks (12% with negligible category. Ownership of major / main risk to the parties directly involved in the implementation of construction projects such as the project owner, technical supervisor, consultant design, consultant supervision and contractors. The project Owner and Technical Supervision (Department of Public Works is expected to further enhance the ability to manage projects so not throwing responsibility in managing government projects. consultant design and sonsultant supervision to be more careful in design till supervision during the implementation period so as to meet the cost

  18. Birth choices in Timor-Leste: a framework for understanding the use of maternal health services in low resource settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wild, Kayli; Barclay, Lesley; Kelly, Paul; Martins, Nelson

    2010-12-01

    The high rate of maternal mortality in Timor-Leste is a persistent problem which has been exacerbated by the long history of military occupation and ongoing political crises since independence in 1999. It is similar to other developing countries where there have been slow declines in maternal mortality despite 20 years of Safe Motherhood interventions. The national Ministry of Health, United Nations (UN) agencies and non-government organisations (NGOs) have attempted to reduce maternal mortality by enacting policies and interventions to increase the number of births in health centres and hospitals. Despite considerable effort in promoting facility-based delivery, most Timorese women birth at home and the lack of midwives means few women have access to a skilled birth attendant. This paper investigates factors influencing access to and use of maternal health services in rural areas of Timor-Leste. It draws on 21 interviews and 11 group discussions with Timorese women and their families collected over two periods of fieldwork, one month in September 2006 and five months from July to December 2007. Theoretical concepts from anthropology and health social science are used to explore individual, social, political and health system issues which affect the way in which maternal health services are utilised. In drawing together a range of theories this paper aims to extend explanations around access to maternal health services in developing countries. An empirically informed framework is proposed which illustrates the complex factors that influence women's birth choices. This framework can be used by policy-makers, practitioners, donors and researchers to think critically about policy decisions and where investments can have the most impact for improving maternal health in Timor-Leste and elsewhere. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Timor-Leste’s Foreign Policy: Securing State Identity in the Post-Independence Period

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    Selver B. Sahin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines some of the major ideational aspects of Timor-Leste’s foreign policy orientation in the post-independence period. Drawing upon the constructivist accounts of state behaviour, the paper situates Timorese leaders’ foreign policy decisions in the broader context of their search to position the fledging nation in the global political order. It argues that Timor-Leste’s insecure state identity has shaped its leaders’ foreign policy preferences in the post-independence period. This identity can be examined by separating it into two parts: the construction of spatial boundaries and the creation of a temporal “other”. The former is evidenced by the leadership’s rhetorical emphasis on the country’s Portuguese heritage and their prioritisation of ASEAN membership, both of which are closely related to the consolidation of the young nation’s political and cultural identity. The creation of a temporal other, as illustrated by the rise of political discourse emphasising sovereignty, reflects a wider transitional process that is embedded in the country’s transformation from colony to independent state under international supervision as well as the state’s transformation from “fragile” or “failing” to “stable”. A detailed analysis of the basic aspects of Timor-Leste’s insecurities as a constitutive element of its foreign policy becomes instrumental to understanding the country’s nation-state-building experience since its separation from Indonesia in 1999, as it enters a new phase of socio-political structuring following the withdrawal of the international security presence in 2012.

  20. O POTENCIAL DE IMAGENS QUICKBIRD PARA ANÁLISE DO RELEVO DE UM SETOR DO PLANALTO DAS ARAUCÁRIAS, RS: CENTRO DE PESQUISAS E CONSERVAÇÃO DA NATUREZA PRÓ-MATA

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo da Silva Pinheiro; Hermann Johann Heinrich Kux; Jorge Alberto Villwock

    2005-01-01

    Este trabalho analisa o potencial de imagens com alta resolução espacial (satélite QuickBird) para mapear o relevo de um setor do Planalto das Araucárias, no nordeste do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A área teste foi o Centro de Pesquisas e Conservação da Natureza PRÓ-MATA. Em 1994, o PRÓ-MATA foi criado para desenvolver estudos e ações visando à conservação da Mata Atlântica. Imagens QuickBir...

  1. Demographic and spatial predictors of anemia in women of reproductive age in Timor-Leste: implications for health program prioritization.

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    Andrew A Lover

    Full Text Available Anemia is a significant risk factor for poor health outcomes for both the mother and neonate; however, the determinants of anemia in many epidemiological settings are poorly understood. Using a subset of a nationally representative cluster survey (2010 Demographic and Health Survey in combination with other non-contemporaneous survey data, the epidemiology of anemia among women of reproductive age in Timor-Leste has been explored. Logistic regression was used to identify risk factors, population-level impacts were estimated as population attributable fractions and spatial analytics were used to identify regions of highest risk. The DHS survey found that ∼ 21% of adult women in Timor-Leste are anemic (49,053; 95% CI: 37,095 to 61,035, with hemoglobin <12.0 g/dL. In this population, the main risk factors (adjusted odds ratio; 95% CI are: currently abstaining from sex for any reason (2.25; 1.50 to 3.38; illiteracy (2.04; 1.49 to 2.80; giving birth within the previous year (1.80; 1.29 to 2.51; consumption of fruits/vegetables low in vitamin A (1.57; 1.13 to 2.20; and the district-level confirmed malaria incidence (1.31; 1.15 to 1.49. A review of prior soil-transmitted helminth surveys in Timor-Leste indicates low-to-moderate prevalence with generally low egg counts, suggesting a limited impact on anemia in this setting, although comprehensive survey data are lacking. Examination of the population-level effects highlights the impacts of both recent births and malaria on anemia, with more limited impacts from diet; the evidence does not suggest a large contribution from geohelminths within Timor-Leste. These patterns are divergent from some other settings in the Asia-Pacific region and highlight the need for further focused research. Targeting high-burden districts and by increasing access to pre/postnatal care, raising literacy levels, increasing access to family planning, and improving malaria control should be prioritized to maximize inherently

  2. An estimation of the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy in adults in Timor-Leste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawkins, Rosie Claire Hewitt; Oliver, Genevieve Frances; Sharma, Manoj; Pinto, Basilio Martins; Jeronimo, Belmerio; Pereira, Bernadete; Magno, Julia; Motta, Lara Alexandra; Verma, Nitin; Shephard, Mark

    2015-06-18

    Once considered an affliction of people in high-income countries, diabetes mellitus is increasingly seen as a global epidemic. However, for many countries very little is known about the prevalence of diabetes and its complications. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of diabetes, and diabetic retinopathy, in adults in Timor-Leste. From March 2013 to May 2014, adult patients being assessed for cataract surgery at the Sentru Matan Nasional (National Eye Centre) in Dili, Timor-Leste had a point-of-care HbA1c measurement performed on the DCA Vantage device (Siemens Ltd) under a quality framework. A diagnostic cut-off of 6.5% (48 mmol/mol) HbA1c was used for diagnosis of diabetes. Ocular examination, blood pressure, demographic and general health data were also collected. Diabetic retinopathy assessment was carried out by ophthalmologists. A total of 283 people [mean age 63.6 years (range 20-90 years)] were tested and examined during the study period. Forty-three people (15.2%) were found to have diabetes, with a mean HbA1c of 9.5% (77 mmol/mol). Of these, 27 (62.9%) were newly diagnosed, with a mean HbA1c of 9.7% (83 mmol/mol) and a range of 6.6-14% (49-130 mmol/mol). Nearly half (48.1%) of people newly diagnosed with diabetes had an HbA1c over 10.0% (86 mmol/mol). Of those with known diabetes, only 68.8% were receiving any treatment. Mean HbA1c for treated patients was 9.9% (85 mmol/mol). Diabetic retinopathy was identified in 18.6% of people with diabetes, of whom half had no previous diagnosis of diabetes. This study estimates the prevalence of diabetes at 15% in adults in Timor-Leste, a substantial proportion of whom have evidence of diabetic retinopathy. This is consistent with regional estimates. With the majority of patients undiagnosed, and management of people known to have diabetes largely inadequate, point-of-care testing is a valuable tool to assist with diabetes case detection and management. Whilst only a preliminary estimate, our data provides

  3. Os costumes no planalto catarinense: dos embates no movimento sertanejo do Contestado à luta contra as imposições do capital estrangeiro (1912-1919.

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    Alexandre Assis Tomporoski

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar os costumes praticados pelos sertanejos do planalto catarinense, adotados desde o século XVIII, a partir dos quais emergiram relações de solidariedade e relações conflituosas, aplicadas pelos sertanejos nos embates da Guerra do Contestado e na luta contra as imposições do capital estrangeiro em expansão na região. Com este intuito, o texto ampara-se no enfoque de capital social para expor as relações solidárias e conflituosas, oriundas das práticas dos costumes pelos sertanejos. O exame minucioso dos costumes utilizados nas práticas laborais, isto é, o pixirum,  a roça cabocla e a criação comunal de animais, assim como dos costumes utilizados nas práticas religiosas, representados principalmente pela devoção a São João Maria, o fandango de São Gonçalo e as festas religiosas, oferece nova perspectiva sobre as relações solidárias e conflituosas entre os sertanejos. Esse entendimento desvela que, em suas relações conflituosas nos desdobramentos do movimento sertanejo do Contestado e em oposição ao avanço do capital estrangeiro, os sertanejos não foram meros jagunços ou fanáticos, mas pessoas dotadas de uma profunda racionalidade – proveniente de seus costumes – que lutaram por aquilo que consideravam justo e seu por direito.

  4. Produção de pessegueiro e nectarina no planalto médio do Rio Grande do Sul em anos de inverno ameno

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    Nienow Alexandre Augusto

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available O estudo do comportamento produtivo de pessegueiros e nectarineiras visou obter informações no sentido de auxiliar na determinação dos cultivares e seleções mais promissores para a região do Planalto Médio do Rio Grande do Sul. Foram estudados doze cultivares e nove seleções de pessegueiro; dois cultivares e uma seleção de nectarineira, com exigências em frio menor que 7,2 ºC variando entre 150 e 400 horas. A coleção, constituída de três plantas por cultivar, conduzidas no espaçamento 6 x 3 m, no sistema de vaso aberto, sem irrigação, encontrava-se, em 1997, iniciando o sexto ciclo vegetativo. Observadas três safras agrícolas (1997/98, 1998/99 e 1999/00, os resultados obtidos demonstraram que a antecipação em maior ou menor grau da floração, dependendo do cultivar ou seleção, decorrente da elevação das temperaturas no final de junho e em julho, repercutiram na data de início da colheita, antecipando em até 20 dias. Diversos cultivares e seleções apresentaram rendimentos satisfatórios, acima de 15 t ha-1, porém, para a indicação dos materiais mais promissores, levando em conta o clima atípico, os estudos deverão ter prosseguimento, em que pese os cvs. Chimarrita, Marli e Eldorado já serem amplamente cultivados na região.

  5. TERRAS RARAS: CONSIDERAÇÕES SOBRE O PLANALTO DE POÇOS DE CALDAS, MG NO NOVO CENÁRIO MUNDIAL

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    Almir Donizette Vicente Gouvea

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A importância dos minerais de terras raras, considerados “materiais da terceira onda”, se deve a sua relação com o desenvolvimento tecnológico. A China por muito tempo dominou a produção e vendas no mercado mundial, adotando nos últimos anos severas medidas protecionistas que acabaram por forçar diversos países a optar por outras formas de suprimento para suas demandas. A necessidade de procurar novas fontes de minerais estratégicos levou ao desenvolvimento ou retomada de programas de exploração em diversas áreas. Dentre essas, destaca-se o Planalto de Poços de Caldas – MG, que corresponde a um depósito laterítico desenvolvido sobre um complexo alcalino intrusivo em domínios de embasamento cristalino. Nesse contexto geológico observam-se comportamentos distintos quanto aos processos de laterização e/ou oxidação que ocasionam a lixiviação de certos elementos e enriquecimento residual dos menores móveis, podendo formar um depósito econômico dependendo das condições locais. São apresentados dados oriundos de extensa revisão bibliográfica acerca do potencial geológico deste depósito e propõe-se a aplicação de técnicas de baixo custo para os trabalhos prospectivos no maciço.

  6. Desenvolvimento dos biocombustíveis no Brasil e no Leste Asiático: experiências e desafios

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    Gilmar Masiero

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo resume o papel que as novas tecnologias e as políticas governamentais têm desempenhado na evolução da indústria dos biocombustíveis no Brasil e no Leste Asiático. Ele documenta os fatores que contribuíram para que o Brasil, China, Japão e Coreia do Sul se tornassem produtores e consumidores de biocombustíveis, bem como a extensão em que essa fonte de energia tem sido efetivamente adotada em cada uma dessas economias. Em seguida, avalia a extensão do comércio e da cooperação em biocombustíveis entre os três países do Leste Asiático e o Brasil. Argumenta que o Japão é muito mais avançado em sua cooperação sobre biocombustíveis com o Brasil e que nas demais economias asiáticas existe grande potencial para maior cooperação.

  7. Persepsi Masyarakat terhadap Pengelolaan Sampah Padat Perkotaan di Kecamatan Dom Aleixo Kabupaten Dili-Timor Leste

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    João Carlos Soares

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitiaan mengenai persepsi masyarakat terhadap pengelolaan sampah padat perkotaan dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Dom Aleixo, Kabupaten Dili Timor Leste dengan sampel penelitiannya adalah rumah tangga yang ada di Desa Comoro dan Bairopite. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan tujuan untuk: (1 mengkaji persepsi masyarakat terhadap usaha pemerintah dalam memberdayakan, menguatkan serta bagaimana menfasilitasi peranserta masyarakat dalam mengelola sampah rumah tangganya; (2 mengkaji kelemahan-kelemahan maupun permasalahan yang dihadapi Pemerintah Kota Dili dalam hal:  (a merumuskan kebijakan dan peraturan daerah tentang pengelolaan sampah padat perkotaan di Kecamatan Dom Aleixo; (b bagaimana usaha pemerintah daerah menggerakkan masyarakat agar berperan serta secara aktif dalam kegiatan pengelolaan sampah rumah tangganya; (3 mengkaji struktur kelembagaan Pemerintah Kota Dili guna mempertegas pendelegasian wewenang institusi pengelolaan sampah perkotaan; (4  membantu menfasilitasi keterlibatan stakeholder dalam mendukung program pemerintah mengenai pengelolaan sampah perkotaan di Kabupaten Dili. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian yang merujuk pada kegiatan lapangan atau survei. Dari populasi yang ada dipilih sejumlah sampel mengunakan teknik sampling yaitu secara random sampling. Teknik ini dipilih karena populasi sudah diketahui memiliki karakteristik yang homogen sehingga setiap individu yang terpilih sebagai sampel diyakini mampu menggambarkan karakteristik dari populasi tersebut. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara mix method yaitu gabungan antara analisis kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Teknik analisis ini dipilih dengan pertimbangan bahwa data yang telah diolah secara kuantitatif yaitu dengan teknik scoring diharapkan dapat di interpretasi secara lebih luas dan mendalam dengan teknik kualitatif. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Juli 2010 sampai dengan Agustus 2010.  Hasil dari penelitian ini : (a untuk kepentingan pemerintah daerah

  8. Diseño y montaje de una página wap que implemente el acceso a la información académica de la universidad francisco de paula santander

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    Dinael Guevara-Ibarra

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available WAP is the acronym for Wireless Application Protocol (Wireless Application Protocol and is the means of transport communications between wireless devices and servers. The University Francisco de Paula Santander will from the second half of 2003 with a WAP portal that will allow students and interested, consult the information from the institution using the benefits of mobile communications equipment (cell. This article briefly describes the theoretical bases that were the subject of study for the project of the WAP page of the institution such as the WAP standard, the layers of the WAP protocol, the components and the operating model of a WAP system and the programming language to develop WAP applications; In addition, the parameters taken into account for the selection of the information to be displayed on the portal and the tools used in the manufacture and assembly of mobile Internet page of the University Francisco de Paula Santander exposed

  9. What do health workers in Timor-Leste want, know and do? Findings from a national health labour market survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Xiaohui; Witter, Sophie; Zaman, Rashid U; Engelhardt, Kay; Hafidz, Firdaus; Julia, Fernanda; Lemiere, Christophe; Sullivan, Eileen B; Saldanha, Estanislau; Palu, Toomas; Lievens, Tomas

    2016-11-18

    The objectives of this study were to understand the labour market dynamics among health workers, including their preferences and concerns, and to assess the skills, competence and performance (i.e. the 'know-do gap') of doctors working in Timor-Leste. This cross-sectional survey was implemented in all 13 districts of Timor-Leste in 2014. We surveyed 443 health workers, including 175 doctors, 150 nurses and 118 midwives (about 20% of the health workers in the country). We also observed 632 clinical consultations with doctors, including 442 direct clinical observations, and tested 190 vignettes. The study highlights some positive findings, including the gender balance of health workers overall, the concentration of doctors in rural areas, the high overall reported satisfaction of staff with their work and high motivation, the positive intention to stay in the public sector, the feeling of being well prepared by training for work, the relatively frequent and satisfactory supervisions, and the good attitudes towards patients as identified in observations and vignettes. However, some areas require more investigations and investments. The overall clinical performance of the doctors was very good in terms of attitude and moderate in regard to history taking, health education and treatment. However, the average physical examination performance score was low. Doctors performed better with simulated cases than the real cases in general, which means they have better knowledge and skills than they actually demonstrated. The factors that were significantly associated with the clinical performance of doctors were location of the health facility (urban doctors were better) and consultation time (cases with more consultation time were better). Regression analysis suggests that lack of knowledge was significantly associated with lack of performance, while lack of motivation and equipment were not significant. The survey provides essential information for workforce planning and for

  10. An exploratory study of treated-bed nets in Timor-Leste: patterns of intended and alternative usage

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    Wilder-Smith Annelies

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Timor-Leste Ministry of Health has recently finalized the National Malaria Control Strategy for 2010-2020. A key component of this roadmap is to provide universal national coverage with long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs in support of achieving the primary goal of reducing both morbidity and mortality from malaria by 30% in the first three years, followed by a further reduction of 20% by end of the programme cycle in 2020 1. The strategic plan calls for this target to be supported by a comprehensive information, education and communication (IEC programme; however, there is limited prior research into household and personal usage patterns to assist in the creation of targeted, effective, and socio-culturally specific behaviour change materials. Methods Nine separate focus group discussions (FGDs were carried out in Dili, Manatuto, and Covalima districts, Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, in July 2010. These focus groups primarily explored themes of perceived malaria risk, causes of malaria, net usage patterns within families, barriers to correct and consistent usage, and the daily experience of users (both male and female in households with at least one net. Comprehensive qualitative analysis utilized open source analysis software. Results The primary determinants of net usage were a widespread perception that nets could or should only be used by pregnant women and young children, and the availability of sufficient sleeping space under a limited number of nets within households. Both nuisance biting and disease prevention were commonly cited as primary motivations for usage, while seasonality was not a significant factor. Long-term net durability and ease of hanging were seen as key attributes in net design preference. Very frequent washing cycles were common, potentially degrading net effectiveness. Finally, extensive re-purposing of nets (fishing, protecting crops was both reported and observed, and may

  11. EXIGÊNCIA TÉRMICA DE DUAS SELEÇÕES E QUATRO CULTIVARES DE MORANGUEIRO CULTIVADO NO PLANALTO CATARINENSE

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    IVONETE FATIMA TAZZO

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO O objetivo do trabalho foi estimar a soma térmica e o filocrono de quatro cultivares e duas ‘seleções’ de morangueiro para o Planalto Sul- Catarinense. O experimento foi conduzido no Centro de Ciências Agroveterinárias, na Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina. Foram utilizadas duas seleções de morangueiro em avançada fase de estudos, denominadas ‘SEL1’ e ‘SEL2’, utilizando mudas provenientes de um programa público de melhoramento genético da Itália e quatro cultivares: Camino Real e Camarosa, provenientes do Chile, e San Andreas eAlbion, provenientes da Argentina. O transplante das mudas foi realizado em 26-06-2012. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o de blocos ao acaso, com três repetições, cada repetição composta de oito plantas, sendo utilizadas as quatro plantas centrais. O filocrono foi determinado a partir do inverso do coeficiente angular da regressão linear entre o número de folhas acumuladas na haste e a soma térmica acumulada após o transplante. Observou-se linearidade entre o desenvolvimento vegetal e a temperatura média do ar nas condições do estudo. Dentre as seleções e cultivares estudadas a ‘San Andreas’ apresenta o ciclo mais precoce, necessitando de menor acúmulo de temperatura (774,70 grausdia, e a cultivar Camarosa, o ciclo mais tardio, com maior acúmulo de soma térmica (1.137,75 graus-dia. A seleção Sel1 apresentou o menor filocrono, 69,96ºC dia1 folha-1, e a cultivar Albion maior valor, 135,61 oC dia1 folha-1. Durante o período estudado, a cultivar San Andreas apresentou maior produção de frutos.

  12. A voz dos bandos: colectivos de justiça e ritos da palavra portuguesa em Timor Leste colonial

    OpenAIRE

    Roque, Ricardo

    2012-01-01

    Este artigo examina as relações entre o discurso da justiça e a prática do ritual nos bandos do governo colonial português em Timor Leste, entre a segunda metade do século XIX e as primeiras décadas do século XX. Os bandos consistiam em ordens e instruções de comando emanadas pelo governador português em Díli, e comunicadas de forma cerimonial por oficiais às populações dos diversos reinos timorenses dispersos pelo país. Bandos eram um instrumento por excelência de governação colonial dos ass...

  13. Paula Stradiņa Medicīnas vēstures muzeja apmeklētāju sastāvs (2007–2011

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    Lienīte Šarkūna

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available 2007. gadā Paula Stradiņa Medicīnas vēstures muzejs svinēja 50 gadu pastāvēšanas jubileju. Kopš tā laika muzeja piedāvājumu klāsts ir paplašinājies un mainījies, tāpat mainījies ir arī muzeja apmeklētājs. Šodien arvien vairāk apmeklētāju, nākot uz muzeju, ir iepriekš sagatavojušies, ieguvuši informāciju par muzeju tā mājaslapā www.mvm.lv (izveidota 2003. gadā, reorganizēta 2014. gadā, kā arī sociālajos tīklos: www.twitter.com, http:// www.draugiem.lv/mvm/ un www.facebook.com ( kur muzeja publiskie konti izveidoti 2011. gada oktobrī. Tāpēc arvien svarīgāk ir noskaidrot, kādi ir muzeja apmeklētāji, lai veidotu aktuālu, interesantu un izglītojošu piedāvājumu.

  14. Modelos estimados de análisis de supervivencia para el tiempo de permanencia de los estudiantes de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander

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    Mawency Vergel Ortega

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The article shows factors associated with college desertion. The survival analysis technique allowed to perform a study with students from different programs at the Francisco de Paula Santander University, considering the events: semester, abandonment, punishment, punishment - abandonment. Using the Kaplan-Meier estimator [1], the survival function for each event of interest was estimated and desertion models whose variables were significant at 10% using the semi-parametric method of Cox [2] were determined. The verification test of proportional hazards, residual figures of Schoenfeld [3] and influence were used as statistics tools to explain the survival of the students. Results of the survival functions have revealed that the management of pre-concepts in science (precalculus, chemistry, physics is a factor that increases the risk, students wishing to study other programs, as well as those who have received any punishment have greater tendency to abandonment. Lower scores on tests and no pre-concepts management, as well as loss of employment of parents and psychoactive substance use are at greater risk of abandonment. Graduate students show high risk of desertion due to socioeconomic factors or non-completion of thesis; four determinants were identified as risk ratios through the Cox regression model [2], individual factors, socioeconomic factors, academic factors and institutional factors and a factor determined from perceptions associated with aptitude and attitude of the teacher.

  15. The tyranny of distance: maternity waiting homes and access to birthing facilities in rural Timor-Leste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wild, Kayli; Barclay, Lesley; Kelly, Paul; Martins, Nelson

    2012-02-01

    To examine the impact of maternity waiting homes on the use of facility-based birthing services for women in two remote districts of Timor-Leste. A before-and-after study design was used to compare the number of facility-based births in women who lived at different distances (0-5, 6-25, 26-50 and > 50 km) from the health centre before and after implementation of maternity waiting homes. Routine data were collected from health centre records at the end of 2007; they included 249 births in Same, Manufahi district, and 1986 births in Lospalos, Lautem district. Population data were used to estimate the percentage of women in each distance category who were accessing facility-based care. Most facility-based births in Same (80%) and Lospalos (62%) were among women who lived within 5 km of the health centre. There was no significant increase in the number of facility-based births among women in more remote areas following implementation of the maternity waiting homes. The percentage of births in the population that occurred in a health facility was low for both Manufahi district (9%) and Lautem district (17%), and use decreased markedly as distance between a woman's residence and the health facilities increased. The maternity waiting homes in Timor-Leste did not improve access to facility-based delivery for women in remote areas. The methods for distance analysis presented in this paper provide a framework that could be used by other countries seeking to evaluate maternity waiting homes.

  16. Understanding Health Workers' Job Preferences to Improve Rural Retention in Timor-Leste: Findings from a Discrete Choice Experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smitz, Marc-Francois; Witter, Sophie; Lemiere, Christophe; Eozenou, Patrick Hoang-Vu; Lievens, Tomas; Zaman, Rashid U; Engelhardt, Kay; Hou, Xiaohui

    2016-01-01

    Timor-Leste built its health workforce up from extremely low levels after its war of independence, with the assistance of Cuban training, but faces challenges as the first cohorts of doctors will shortly be freed from their contracts with government. Retaining doctors, nurses and midwives in remote areas requires a good understanding of health worker preferences. The article reports on a discrete choice experiment (DCE) carried out amongst 441 health workers, including 173 doctors, 150 nurses and 118 midwives. Qualitative methods were conducted during the design phase. The attributes which emerged were wages, skills upgrading/specialisation, location, working conditions, transportation and housing. One of the main findings of the study is the relative lack of importance of wages for doctors, which could be linked to high intrinsic motivation, perceptions of having an already highly paid job (relative to local conditions), and/or being in a relatively early stage of their career for most respondents. Professional development provides the highest satisfaction with jobs, followed by the working conditions. Doctors with less experience, males and the unmarried are more flexible about location. For nurses and midwives, skill upgrading emerged as the most cost effective method. The study is the first of its kind conducted in Timor-Leste. It provides policy-relevant information to balance financial and non-financial incentives for different cadres and profiles of staff. It also augments a thin literature on the preferences of working doctors (as opposed to medical students) in low and middle income countries and provides insights into the ability to instil motivation to work in rural areas, which may be influenced by rural recruitment and Cuban-style training, with its emphasis on community service.

  17. Relações entre os tipos e indicadores de acidez do solo em lavouras no sistema plantio direto na região do Planalto do Rio Grande do Sul Relationships among acidity types and indicators in soils under no-tillage system in the Rio Grande do Sul Planalto Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarete Nicolodi

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available A recente mudança no sistema de cultivo do solo ocorrida no Brasil, passando do preparo convencional (PC para o sistema plantio direto (SPD, altera o funcionamento do solo. No solo cultivado no SPD, as relações se estabelecem no tempo e são preservadas aumentando a complexidade do funcionamento do sistema, enquanto no PC estas relações são freqüentemente destruídas. Assim, devido à formação de gradientes de acidez, de matéria orgânica e de nutrientes a partir da superfície do solo é possível que se altere a magnitude das relações entre os tipos e os indicadores de acidez e que a camada de 0-20 cm de profundidade não seja a mais adequada para representar o estado de fertilidade de solo no SPD. Por essa razão, este trabalho foi conduzido com o objetivo de estudar as relações entre os tipos de acidez e os seus principais indicadores em duas camadas de solo em lavouras no SPD consolidado na região do Planalto Riograndense. Foram selecionadas seis lavouras, coletando-se, em cada uma, amostras de solo em 20 locais, nas camadas de 0-10 e 0-20 cm de profundidade, para a determinação dos tipos e dos indicadores de acidez. As relações entre os tipos e os indicadores de acidez do solo não se diferenciaram nas camadas avaliadas. Assim, para a região estudada e para o sistema de cultivo utilizado, qualquer das camadas (0-10 ou 0-20 cm pode ser utilizada para fins de recomendação de calagem.The recent shift in soil tillage from conventional to no-tillage systems in Brazil alters the soil system dynamics. In soils cultivated under the no-tillage system the relations are established and preserved over the course of time, which increases the functional complexity of the system, while under the conventional system often destroys these relationships. Some questions have risen about the reliability of sampling the so-called "arable soil layer" (0-20 cm for soil acidity quantification in the no-tillage system due to the formation of

  18. Estádio sucessional e fatores geográficos como determinantes da similaridade florística entre comunidades florestais no Planalto Atlântico, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Durigan,Giselda; Bernacci,Luís Carlos; Franco,Geraldo Antonio Daher Correa; Arbocz,Géza de Faria; Metzger,Jean Paul; Catharino,Eduardo Luís Martins

    2008-01-01

    A análise das relações de similaridade florística entre comunidades geralmente conduz ao estabelecimento de padrões, condicionados por fatores diversos que determinam a ocorrência ou não das espécies em diferentes locais. Em busca de tais padrões, foram analisadas as relações de similaridade florística entre comunidades florestais localizadas na região do Planalto de Ibiúna, estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Incluíram-se na análise 21 fragmentos florestais e seis sítios em uma Reserva Florestal co...

  19. Surgical capacity building in Timor-Leste: a review of the first 15 years of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons-led Australian Aid programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guest, Glenn D; Scott, David F; Xavier, Joao P; Martins, Nelson; Vreede, Eric; Chennal, Antony; Moss, Daliah; Watters, David A

    2017-06-01

    Timor-Leste suffered a destructive withdrawal by the Indonesian military in 1999, leaving only 20 Timorese-based doctors and no practising specialists for a population of 700 000 that has now grown to 1.2 million. This article assesses the outcomes and impact of Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (RACS) specialist medical support from 2001 to 2015. Three programmes were designed collaboratively with the Timor-Leste Ministry of Health and Australian Aid. The RACS team began to provide 24/7 resident surgical and anaesthesia services in the capital, Dili, from July 2001. The arrival of the Chinese and Cuban Medical Teams provided a medical workforce, and the Cubans initiated undergraduate medical training for about 1000 nationals both in Cuba and in Timor-Leste, whilst RACS focused on specialist medical training. Australian Aid provided AUD$20 million through three continuous programmes over 15 years. In the first 10 years over 10 000 operations were performed. Initially only 10% of operations were done by trainees but this reached 77% by 2010. Twenty-one nurse anaesthetists were trained in-country, sufficient to cover the needs of each hospital. Seven Timorese doctors gained specialist qualifications (five surgery, one ophthalmology and one anaesthesia) from regional medical schools in Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Indonesia and Malaysia. They introduced local specialist and family medicine diploma programmes for the Cuban graduates. Timor-Leste has developed increasing levels of surgical and anaesthetic self-sufficiency through multi-level collaboration between the Ministry of Health, Universidade Nacional de Timor Lorosa'e, and sustained, consistent support from external donors including Australian Aid, Cuba and RACS. © 2016 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  20. Traditional Birth Attendance (TBA) in a health system: what are the roles, benefits and challenges: A case study of incorporated TBA in Timor-Leste

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro Sarmento, Decio

    2014-01-01

    Background One current strategy to overcome the issue of shortage of qualified health workers has focused on the use of community health workers in the developing countries to deliver health care services specifically to the most vulnerable communities in the rural areas. Timor-Leste is the one of the world’s newest developing countries that has incorporated the traditional birth attendance in its health system through a family health promoter initiative in response to reproductive and child ...

  1. CULTURA, LAZER E TURISMO A FESTA DO PINHÃO DE SÃO FRANCISCO DE PAULA/RS Edições 2009 e 2010

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    Airton da Silva Negrine

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabela normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} O artigo é produto de um trabalho acadêmico de investigação realizado por professores, alunos e ex-alunos do Mestrado de Turismo da Universidade de Caxias do Sul tendo como cenário de estudo a XIII e XIV Festa do Pinhão de São Francisco de Paula/RS, nos anos de 209 e 2010 respectivamente.O estudo das festas teve o propósito dar destaque a Araucária e seu fruto, a gastronomia e os valores culturais do pinhão como alimento de diferentes espécies que está em vias de extinção segundo fontes citadas no texto. Como a festa foco do estudo é uma festa temática, artigo o evento como cultura, lazer e turismo.

  2. [Control of anticoagulation in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation in a primary care clinical practice setting in the different autonomous communities. PAULA study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polo García, J; Barrios Alonso, V; Escobar Cervantes, C; Prieto Valiente, L; Lobos Bejarano, J M; Vargas Ortega, D; Prieto Díaz, M Á; Alonso Moreno, F J; Barquilla García, A

    2017-04-01

    To determine the differences between regions in the level of control of patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation treated with vitamin K antagonists, included in the PAULA study. Observational, and coss-sectional/retrospective study, including 139 Primary Care physicians from 99 Health Care centres in all autonomous communities (except La Rioja). Anticoagulation control was defined as the time in therapeutic range assessed by either the direct method (poor control <60%), or the Rosendaal method (poor control <65%). A total of 1,524 patients were included. Small differences in baseline characteristics of the patients were observed. Differences in the percentage of time in therapeutic range were observed, according to the Rosendaal method (mean 69.0±17.7%), from 78.1%±16.6 (Basque Country) to 61.5±14% (Balearic Islands), by the direct method (mean 63.2±17.9%) from 73.6%±16.6 (Basque Country) to 57.5±15.7% (Extremadura). When comparing regions, in those where the Primary Care physicians assumed full control without restrictions on prescription, the percentage of time in therapeutic range by the direct method was 63.89 vs. 60.95% in those with restrictions (p=.006), by Rosendaal method, 69.39% compared with 67.68% (p=.1036). There are significant differences in the level of control between some regions are still inadequate. Regions in which the Primary Care physicians assumed the management of anticoagulation and without restrictions, time in therapeutic range was somewhat higher, and showed a favourable trend for better control. These findings may have clinical implications, and deserve consideration and specific analysis. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Española de Médicos de Atención Primaria (SEMERGEN). Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  3. Ludopedagogia: atendimento recreacional-pedagógico para pediatria do Hospital Universitário São Francisco de Paula - Pelotas/RS

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    Nivia Celoi Ferreira

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available O respectivo projeto procura apresentar o projeto de extensão universitária do Curso de Pedagogia da Universidade Católica de Pelotas, denominado “Ludopedagogia: atendimento recreacional-pedagógico para pediatria do Hospital Universitário São Francisco de Paula - Pelotas RS”. A proposta apoia-se na perspectiva de que o brincar, no contexto da ludicidade infantil, é um fator relevante para estimular os processos de desenvolvimento humano, a fim de inserir a criança em momentos de descontração e promover habilidades cognitivas, bem como, amenizar as tensões provadas pelo ambiente hospitalar. A presença do brincar e tudo a ele relacionado é um dos fatores que facilitam e proporcionam a adaptação do enfermo ao ambiente hospitalar. Para tanto, é necessária a presença de um responsável (pedagogo para mediar experiências lúdicas e criar um elo entre a magia do brincar e o ambiente familiar. Além da presença deste profissional a proposta visa a participação dos familiares para criar uma situação de bem estar e proporcionar a realização de trocas, desta maneira é possível amenizar a tensão emocional no ambiente hospitalar e promover estratégias para o desenvolvimento infantil.

  4. JUANA PAULA MANSO (1819-1875. PRESENCIA FEMENINA INDISCUTIBLE EN LA EDUCACIÓN Y EN LA CULTURA ARGENTINA DEL SIGLO XIX, CON PROYECCIÓN AMERICANA

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    Elisabetta Pagliarulo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo de análisis y reflexión sobre la vida, la personalidad y las obras de Juana Paula Manso, ofrece la posibilidad de conocer cronológicamente los hitos más trascendentes de su vida, sus exilios y sus producciones. Para comprender la importancia de los aportes de esta escritora, periodista y docente comprometida, coherente y apasionada del siglo XIX, se analizaron sus obras referidas a la educación, a la defensa de la mujer en cuanto a sus capacidades y derechos. También se tuvieron en cuenta las cartas remitidas a sus amigos y personajes de la época, en especial, a Domingo Faustino Sarmiento y a Mary Mann, estos últimos documentos muestran, con un tono intimista, a la mujer en sus luchas, muchas veces sin frutos. La educación en los Jardines de Infantes y en el nivel Primario constituye el eje de sus estudios y desempeño docente profesional, para ello escribió artículos pedagógicos, en los cuales analiza y hace recomendaciones sobre todos los aspectos referidos a la educación, desde las líneas políticas hasta las consideraciones didácticas y psicológicas para desarrollar la enseñanza sobre bases científicas. La autora demuestra poseer una clara conciencia histórica de su tiempo, por ello, a través de sus obras se pueden establecer las relaciones del contexto histórico, cultural y social, entre Argentina, América y Europa. El metodo se establece desde la historia de educacion.

  5. Final report of Phase 1 of the project: Assistance in developing the management of the petroleum sector in Timor-Leste 2002 - 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-05-15

    This is an institutional cooperation programme between the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and The Ministry of Natural Resources, Minerals and Energy Policy in Timor-Leste, funded by the Oil for Development programme from the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD). This final report is required according to the Country Agreement (Appendix 1), Article VII, Section 5: - East Timor shall submit to Norway a final report within 6 months after the completion of the Project. The report shall give a summary of outputs and activities undertaken, achievements compared to Goal and Objective and an assessment of the efficiency of the Project.- This report summarizes the planning of the Project, the activities and outputs, shows how project funds have been spent and discusses the results of the project. It is hoped that it also functions as a history book for an important factor in the early development of Timor-Leste's petroleum sector and for this long and high profiled Norwegian Development project. For the period 2003-2006, the Implementing institution in Timor-Leste was The Ministry of Natural Resources, Minerals and Energy Policy. From 2007 and for the rest of the project-period, the implementing institution was changed to the Secretariat of State for Natural Resources. The main tasks for the cooperation project were: Training on petroleum tax, accounting and basic finance topics for staff in the Petroleum Tax Division, MOPF; Analyze and give advice on possible tax effects and revenue effects regarding PSA agreements, gas pipeline and the implementation of new consolidated tax law; Help establish regular meetings with DNPG/TSDA and MOF to discuss current issues and improve flow of information between the different Timor-Leste petroleum authorities; Conduct and give advice on tax audits and desk audits Identify and give advice on current petroleum tax issues; Designed spreadsheets to facilitate overall monitoring of petroleum tax payments; New tax return

  6. Fatores ecológicos determinantes na ocorrência de Araucaria angustifolia e Podocarpus lambertii, na Floresta Ombrófila Mista da FLONA de São Francisco de Paula, RS, Brasil Ecological factors that determine the occurrence of Araucaria angustifolia and Podocarpus lambertii in Mixed Ombrophylous Forest at São Francisco de Paula's FLONA, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solon Jonas Longhi

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho foi realizado na Floresta Nacional (FLONA de São Francisco de Paula, no Rio Grande do Sul. Teve como objetivo determinar, via análise de regressão logística, os fatores ambientais que influenciam a ocorrência das espécies Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol. Kuntze e Podocarpus lambertii Klotzsch ex Endl. em uma área de Floresta Ombrófila Mista na FLONA de São Francisco de Paula. Para o estudo, foram avaliados os indivíduos com cap=30cm, em 1.000 subunidades amostrais de 10 x 10m, demarcadas em 10 conglomerados permanentes de 1ha (100 x 100m previamente instalados na floresta. Em cada subunidade amostral, foram avaliados os fatores passíveis de influenciar a ocorrência das espécies, como os fatores relativos ao habitat: físicos do solo (profundidade, presença de afloramentos rochosos e umidade, exposição à luz e inclinação do terreno; e os fatores relativos à concorrência: área basal, densidade do sub-bosque e frequência de indivíduos. Pelos resultados obtidos, foi possível concluir que a Araucaria angustifolia ocorre em locais com solos profundos, expostos para o norte e com baixa frequência de indivíduos. Por outro lado, Podocarpus lambertii prefere locais não pedregosos, pouco inclinados, com exposição sul, relativamente úmidos, com alta frequência de indivíduos e alta densidade do sub-bosque.The present research was accomplished at São Francisco de Paula's National Forest (FLONA, in Rio Grande do Sul. The objective was to determine, through logistics regression analysis, the environmental and competition factors that could influence on the occurrence of Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol. Kuntze and Podocarpus lambertii former Klotzsch Endl. species in Mixed ombrophylous forest. For the study, the individuals with cap=30cm had been evaluated, in 1000 samples of 10 x 10m, demarcated in ten permanent conglomerate of 1ha (100 x 100m previously installed in the forest. In each sample the factors that

  7. Fluxos de CO2 em Plantio de Palma de Óleo no Leste da Amazônia

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    Luiz Carlos Neves da Fonseca

    Full Text Available Resumo Os ecossistemas terrestres são importantes para compreender as trocas de CO2 entre superfície e atmosfera. Este trabalho apresenta as condições atmosféricas e medidas de CO2 em palma de óleo com híbrido interespecífico no leste da Amazônia, durante ano de El niño. O experimento foi realizado em Moju - Pará, onde foi instalada uma torre micrometeorológica para obtenção de dados meteorológicos e de CO2 durante o período de janeiro-dezembro de 2015. Os valores médios diurnos de absorção de CO2 atingiram o máximo por volta do meio dia, com 22,3 (± 0,98 μmol m-2 s-1 no período chuvoso e 21,0 (± 0,47 μmol m-2 s-1 no período menos chuvoso. Houve pouca variação noturna nos valores médios de emissão de CO2, 5 (± 0,20 μmol m-2 s-1, em ambos os períodos. Os valores médios diurnos da concentração de CO2 foram menores e os valores médios noturnos foram maiores. Em geral, o ciclo diário de troca de CO2 apresentou diferença entre o período chuvoso e menos chuvoso. Esses resultados contribuem para melhor compreensão da tendência temporal dos fluxos de CO2 em cultivo agrícola em ano de seca no leste da Amazônia, gerando informações novas sobre a interação entre palma de óleo e atmosfera.

  8. Traditional Birth Attendance (TBA) in a health system: what are the roles, benefits and challenges: A case study of incorporated TBA in Timor-Leste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro Sarmento, Decio

    2014-01-01

    One current strategy to overcome the issue of shortage of qualified health workers has focused on the use of community health workers in the developing countries to deliver health care services specifically to the most vulnerable communities in the rural areas. Timor-Leste is the one of the world's newest developing countries that has incorporated the traditional birth attendance in its health system through a family health promoter initiative in response to reproductive and child health, hence to improve primary health care delivery and increase number of healthcare workforce. The study utilized a non-systematic review of the literature using key words such as community health workers, traditional birth attendants, reproductive health, child health and health outcomes. A case study from Timor-Leste was also used. Traditional birth attendants have performed wide variety of tasks including outreach and case finding, health and patient education, referrals, home visits and care management. Evidence indicated that there were, to varying degrees, positive associations between traditional birth attendance training and maternity care. Traditional birth attendance training was found to be associated with significant increases in attributes such as knowledge, attitude, behavior, advice for antenatal care, and pregnancy outcomes. However, some challenges faced by traditional birth attendants' role in encouraging women to go to health center for preventive services would be the compliance and refusal of the referral. The implementation case study from Timor-Leste shows that integrating traditional birth attendance into a national healthcare system through Family Health Promoter program has been programmatic effective. It is recommended that the implementation should consider regular communication between health staff and community leaders in recruiting members of family health promoters, and the use of supportive supervision tools to identify weaknesses in the management of

  9. "I go I die, I stay I die, better to stay and die in my house": understanding the barriers to accessing health care in Timor-Leste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Jennifer A; Soares, Ana I F Sousa; Asante, Augustine D; Martins, Joao S; Williams, Kate; Wiseman, Virginia L

    2016-09-30

    Despite public health care being free at the point of delivery in Timor-Leste, wealthier patients access hospital care at nearly twice the rate of poorer patients. This study seeks to understand the barriers driving inequitable utilisation of hospital services in Timor-Leste from the perspective of community members and health care managers. This multisite qualitative study in Timor-Leste conducted gender segregated focus groups (n = 8) in eight districts, with 59 adults in urban and rural settings, and in-depth interviews (n = 8) with the Director of community health centres. Communication was in the local language, Tetum, using a pre-tested interview schedule. Approval was obtained from community and national stakeholders, with written consent from participants. Lack of patient transport is the critical cross-cutting issue preventing access to hospital care. Without it, many communities resort to carrying patients by porters or on horseback, walking or paying for (unaffordable) private arrangements to reach hospital, or opt for home-based care. Other significant out-of-pocket expenses for hospital visits were blood supplies from private suppliers; accommodation and food for the patient and family members; and repatriation of the deceased. Entrenched nepotism and hospital staff denigrating patients' hygiene and personal circumstances were also widely reported. Consequently, some respondents asserted they would never return to hospital, others delayed seeking treatment or interrupted their treatment to return home. Most considered traditional medicine provided an affordable, accessible and acceptable substitute to hospital care. Obtaining a referral for higher level care was not a significant barrier to gaining access to hospital care. Onerous physical, financial and socio-cultural barriers are preventing or discouraging people from accessing hospital care in Timor-Leste. Improving access to quality primary health care at the frontline is a key strategy for

  10. Ciência e história no Relatório da Comissão Exploradora do Planalto Central na Primeira República Science and history in the report by the First Republic's Comissão Exploradora do Planalto Central

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moema de Rezende Vergara

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available No início da República ressurgiu a idéia de mudar a capital do país para o Planalto Central. Essa idéia já havia sido defendida, no século anterior, pelo Visconde de Porto Seguro. Assim, em 1892 foi organizada uma comissão chefiada por Luiz Cruls, diretor do Observatório Nacional, para demarcar a superfície a ser ocupada pela nova capital. Em 1896 foi publicado o relatório dessa expedição, que circulou pelos principais espaços da opinião pública do Brasil, na forma de resenhas em jornais e em artigos na Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro - IHGB. No texto do Relatório há uma interpenetração de várias questões que estavam afligindo determinados setores da sociedade brasileira da época, como a salubridade do clima brasileiro para o imigrante europeu, a definição das fronteiras e a integração do território.The idea of moving Brazil's capital to the Central Plateau reappeared in the early days of the Republic, having been defended one century earlier by the Viscount of Porto Seguro. Headed by Luiz Cruls, director of Brazil's National Observatory, a commission was formed in 1892 to stake out the area where the new capital would stand. The expedition's 1896 report found space in Brazil's main vehicles of public opinion; it was reviewed in newspapers and also in articles published in Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro, the Brazilian Institute for History and Geography's journal. A number of issues then of concern to certain sectors of Brazilian society converge in the body of the report, including the healthiness of Brazil's climate for European immigrants, the definition of the country's borders, and territorial integration.

  11. Factores que inciden en el proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje del concepto de integral definida en estudiantes de ingeniería de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander

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    Sonia Maritza Mendoza-Lizcano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the mathematical teaching process, the individual develops skills and competencies, which are not exempt from the impact of variables or actors that constitute it; in which emerge from difficulties and occurrence of bias that reflect problems of repetition and dropout rates. This research is an approach for understanding the process of teaching and learning of general maths, specifically in the concept of Integral defined and their semiotic representation levels. Characterizing factors affecting the process of teaching and learning to students of second semester of engineering of the Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander (UFPS.

  12. Linguagem experimental: o discurso do consumo em Sexo, de André Sant'Anna, e o discurso da 'existencialidade' , em Lugar público, de José Agrippino de Paula

    OpenAIRE

    Romulo de Almeida Portella

    2006-01-01

    O objetivo principal desta dissertação é investigar as obras Sexo, de André SantAnna, e Lugar Público, de José Agrippino de Paula, a partir das noções que lidam com a vitalidade das formulações verbais, no que dizem respeito à elaboração da linguagem literária e a estruturação desta como conhecimento a ser apreendido. O trabalho contribui para um melhor entendimento da estética do experimentalismo, que é abordada em tais narrativas ficcionais. This dissertations main aim is to inves...

  13. Rezension zu: Sabine Hark, Paula-Irene Villa (Hg.: Anti-Genderismus. Sexualität und Geschlecht als Schauplätze aktueller politischer Auseinandersetzungen. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag 2015.

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    Christian Hammermann

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Der von Sabine Hark und Paula-Irene Villa herausgegebene Sammelband analysiert die öffentlichen Angriffe auf Gender Studies und Gender Mainstreaming, die unter dem Begriff Anti-Genderismus auftreten und verhandelt werden. Die einzelnen Beiträge untersuchen Themen und Methoden des anti-genderistischen Diskurses, seine Akteur_Innen und gesellschaftlichen Bedingung. Dabei entwerfen sie ein sehr kohärentes Porträt dieser Politiken, das allerdings von einer weiteren Untersuchung der gesellschaftlichen Bedingungen und intersektionalen Bezüge zu anderen Ressentiments profitieren würde.

  14. Using Causal Loop Diagramming to Explore the Drivers of the Sustained Functionality of Rural Water Services in Timor-Leste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kate Neely

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available It is recognized that international water sector development work has issues with a lack of sustained positive outcomes. A large driver of this outcome is how NGOs work with communities to implement and then manage water services. Many NGOs tend to focus their efforts on improving their reach and organisational growth by continually engaging in new projects. This behaviour is largely driven by short-term donor funding models that reward extended coverage, leaving little focus on sustained outcomes. Similarly, community-based management (CBM schemes often impede sustained services as a result of the community’s limited capacity to operate and maintain the technology. To explore these complicated drivers on water service sustainability, we used causal loop diagramming to analyse the key aspect influencing the combined dynamics between NGOs, donors and CBM. We demonstrate this methodology through a study in Timor-Leste, where we gathered data necessary to develop and apply causal loop diagrams to analyse rural water supply program outcomes. The analysis of these diagrams allowed identification of leverage points used to suggest structural changes for sustained benefits of water services. These structural changes emphasize the importance of increased robustness and reliability of water technology and the associated impact this has on community satisfaction and, conjointly, on water service sustainability.

  15. ESTRUTURA POPULACIONAL E REGENERAÇÃO DE ESPÉCIES ARBÓREAS NA FLORESTA NACIONAL DE SÃO FRANCISCO DE PAULA, RIO GRANDE DO SUL

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    Angela Luciana de Avila

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to characterize the population structure and aspects of regeneration of Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol. Kuntze, Blepharocalyx salicifolius (Kunth O. Berg and Ilex paraguariensis A. St.- Hil. in different environmental and disturbance conditions in the National Forest of São Francisco de Paula, RS state. Six conglomerates of one hectare were used, with 16 plots (20 x 20 m each, where the species were sampled in three size classes. The size class II (SC II – diameter at breast height (DBH ≥ 9.55 cm was sampled in 96 plots, the SC I (4.8 ≤ DBH < 9.55 cm in 36 subplots of 10 x 10 m, and the established natural regeneration (ENR (1 ≤ DBH < 4.8 cm in 36 cells of 3.16 x 3.16 m. The seedling bank (SB - height ≥ 30 cm and DBH < 1 cm, the seed rain (SR and the soil seed bank (SSB were sampled in all plots of 20 x 20 m. The data were analysed by taking into account all the different vegetation groups together and separately for each cluster identified in a previous study. For SC II, the frequency distribution of DBH was analysed combined with the analysis of absolute density and frequency for all life stages (SR, SSB, SB, ENR, SC I and SC II. The results indicated high variability in density of these species among the different life stages and environmental conditions. Araucaria angustifolia presented gaps in the regeneration process in areas that had low past disturbance, not showing the “reverse-J” distribution (SC II and with lower regeneration capacity in relation to the other species (SR, SSB and SB. Ilex paraguariensis and Blepharocalyx salicifolius showed higher population stability in environment with low level of human interference (SC II. The first species demonstrated preference for soils with good drainage, while the second species for humid soils. Moreover, gaps in the regeneration process of different populations were detected, which changed according to environmental conditions and

  16. Pteridófitas do Parque Estadual da Vassununga, Santa Rita do Passa Quatro (SP, Brasil. Glebas Capetinga Leste e Capetinga Oeste. Pteridophytes from Vassununga State Park, Santa Rita do Passa Quatro, SP, Brazil. Glebas Capetinga Leste and Capetinga Oeste.

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    Áurea Maria Therezinha COLLI

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho foi realizado umlevantamento de pteridófitas nas Glebas CapetingaLeste e Capetinga Oeste do Parque Estadual daVassununga, localizado no município de Santa Rita doPassa Quatro, sob as coordenadas 21º41’00’’ –21º41’21’’S e 47º34’37’’ – 47º39’39’’W. As coletasforam realizadas em quatro trilhas, denominadasTrilha da Mina, Trilha do Ribeirão Bebedouro,Trilha dos Jequitibás e Trilha do Córrego da Gruta.Foram reconhecidas 34 espécies de pteridófitaspertencentes a 10 famílias. Destas, as maisrepresentativas foram Polypodiaceae e Thelypteridaceaecom seis espécies cada e Aspleniaceae e Pteridaceaeque apresentaram cinco espécies cada. Das 34espécies registradas 10 apresentam distribuiçãobastante restrita, ocorrendo apenas na Trilha da Mina.Por outro lado, Polypodium polypodioides (L. Watt,Pteris denticulata var. denticulata Sw eThelypteris dentata (Forssk. E. St. John são asespécies de ocorrência mais ampla. Em todas astrilhas há pteridófitas, sendo que a Trilha da Minaé a mais rica e a Trilha do Ribeirão Bebedouro amais pobre em número de espécies. As pteridófitasocorrem na floresta estacional semidecidual e namata ciliar. A maior diversidade de espécies foiencontrada na floresta estacional semidecidual.This work presents a pteridophyticalsurvey carried out at Glebas Capetinga Leste andCapetinga Oeste at Vassununga State Park,Santa Rita do Passa Quatro county, (21º41’00’’ –21º41’21’’S and 47º34’37’’ – 47º39’39’’W.Collections were done at four places called “Trilhada Mina”, “Trilha do Ribeirão Bebedouro”, “Trilhados Jequitibás” and “Trilha do Córrego da Gruta.”Thirty-four species of pteridophytes pertaining to10 families were recognized. Among them, themost representative ones were Polypodiaceaeand Thelypteridaceae, with six species each,and Aspleniaceae and Pteridaceae, with fivespecies each. Considering the 34 species registered,10

  17. O sanitarista, a cidade e o território. a trajetória de geraldo horácio de Paula Souza em São Paulo. 1922 – 1927

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    Cristina de Campos

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo trazer ao debate urbanístico a maneira como o médico sanitarista Geraldo Horácio de Paula Souza compreendeu e atuou na cidade de São Paulo, enquanto esteve à frente do Serviço Sanitário Estadual entre 1922 e 1927. Este médico adotou um enfoque diferente de seus antecessores para a higiene da cidade. Para ele, aquele não era mais o momento de construir grandes obras de saneamento para tornar o ambiente salubre, e sim o da conscientização dos indivíduos para adquirirem hábitos de higiene. Outro aspecto importante de Geraldo Paula Souza é a sua sintonia com os profissionais da engenharia que, como ele, no final da década de 20, percebiam a necessidade de transformar a cidade para o desenvolvimento vindouro com a industrialização nas décadas seguintes.

  18. Religiosidad femenina y educación de la mujer indígena en Filipinas. El beaterio-colegio de la Madre Paula de la Santísima Trinidad

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    Manchado López, Marta M.

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available This article studies the history of the Santa Rosa Beatas' House, also called Mother Paula´s, since its foundation in 1750 to its final consolidation in 1789. Along those thirty nine years the centre, born out of the generosity of a Spanish lady, confronted a series of difficulties until it finally obtained royal support and official recognition by the city of Manila. The study is based on unpublished documentation from the Archivo General de Indias ofSeville, and it aims at contributing to the knowledge of the nature and functioning of this type of communities, the history of which is still to be made.

    En este trabajo se estudia la historia del beaterío de Santa Rosa, o de la madre Paula, desde su fundación en 1750 y hasta su definitiva consolidación, en 1789. A lo largo de estos treinta y nueve años, el centro, nacido de la generosidad de una española, hizo frente a importantes dificultades hasta conseguir finalmente el apoyo real y el reconocimiento de la ciudad de Manila. El estudio se ha realizado sobre documentación inédita del Archivo General de Indias de Sevilla, y supone una aportación al conocimiento de la naturaleza y funcionamiento de estas comunidades, cuya historia está aún por hacer.

  19. Estudo retrospectivo da casuística de curicacas (Theristicus caudatus recebidas pelo Projeto de Atendimento a Animais Selvagens do Planalto Catarinense no período de 2003-2014

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    Eloisa C. Bach

    Full Text Available RESUMO: O presente trabalho descreve um estudo retrospectivo da casuística de Curicacas (Theristicus caudatus atendidas pelo Projeto de Atendimento Médico Veterinário a Animais Selvagens do Planalto Catarinense (CAV/UDESC nos anos de 2003-2014. Neste período foram atendidas 77 curicacas, todas de vida livre e do Planalto Catarinense. Constatou-se que 33.7% eram jovens, 16,8% adultas e 49,5% com idade indeterminada. Dessas, 22.1% eram machos, 14.3% fêmeas e os demais indefinidos. Em relação às afecções clínicas, 55.8% possuíam fr,tura óssea, 9,1% sinais neurológicos, 3,9% múltiplas lacerações na pele e músculos, 3,9% luxação em membro, 3,% hemorragia em cavidade oral, 2,6% ruptura de sacos aéreos, 2,6% dispneia, 2,6% diarreia e 1,3% peritonite. Em 20,8% dos casos apresentavam apenas sinais inespecíficos como desnutrição. Dos animais atendidos, 55,8% morreram; 28,6% foram eutanasiados; 5,2% tratados e encaminhados à sede do IBAMA ou CETAS; 2,6% realizou-se soltura e em 7,8% o destino não foi informado. Efetuou-se necropsia em 70,8%, sendo que em 82,6% dessas obteve-se o diagnóstico definitivo de traumatismo e em 2,2% o diagnóstico foi de peritonite secundária a perfuração de moela por corpo estranho metálico e 2,2% vieram a óbito por pneumonia causada por corpo estranho (projétil. A alta mortalidade das aves atendidas parece estar relacionada com a gravidade das lesões apresentadas e afecções secundárias aos traumatismos. A curicaca foi a espécie que apresentou o maior número de atendimentos pelo projeto durante o período descrito no estudo, demonstrando que o estudo da casuística dessa ave pode servir como indicador do risco a que outras espécies de aves da região estão sujeitas.

  20. A voz dos bandos: colectivos de justiça e ritos da palavra portuguesa em Timor-Leste colonial

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    Ricardo Roque

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo examina as relações entre o discurso da justiça e a prática do ritual nos bandos do governo colonial português em Timor Leste, entre a segunda metade do século XIX e as primeiras décadas do século XX. Os bandos consistiam em ordens e instruções de comando emanadas pelo governador português em Díli, e comunicadas de forma cerimonial por oficiais às populações dos diversos reinos timorenses dispersos pelo país. Bandos eram um instrumento por excelência de governação colonial dos assuntos indígenas, servindo para arbitrar conflitos, punir transgressões e, em geral, instituir realidades no mundo timorense. Contudo, esta instituição assumiu igualmente uma singular expressão nos usos timorenses, servindo bandos para comunicar também as ordens de autoridades tradicionais, os liurais. O artigo acompanha as variações coloniais e indígenas que os bandos adquiriram em Timor Leste, conceptualizando-os enquanto colectivos de justiça. Ao considerar assim os bandos como colectivos - formações heterogéneas em que elementos linguísticos e não linguísticos se combinam na produção de efeitos de poder sobre as populações - o artigo propõe uma via conceptual alternativa às perspectivas linguísticas e literárias de análise do discurso colonial.This article examines the relations between juridical discourse and ritual practice in the bandos issued by the Portuguese colonial government in East Timor between the second-half of the nineteenth century and the early decades of the twentieth century. Bandos consisted of orders and instructions of command issued by the Portuguese governor in Dilly and ceremonially transmitted by colonial officers to the populations of the various Timorese kingdoms. Bandos were a principal tool of colonial governance with regards to indigenous matters. They were used by the Portuguese to arbitrate conflicts, punish transgressions and, generally, to institute realities in the Timorese

  1. Anticorpos neutralizantes para a amostra leste do virus de encefalomielite equina em equídeos no Brasil

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    Edwin H. Lennette

    1943-01-01

    Full Text Available Resume-se a literatura sobre encefalomielite equina no Brasil. Dos vários agentes infecciosos isolados de epizootias dessa doença somente um foi identificado com certeza e era o virus da raiva (Cunha. Exames feitos neste Laboratório com soros de equídeos que haviam passado por uma epizootia de encefalomielite no município de Peçanha, Minas Gerais, durante o fim de 1940 e princípio de 1941 revelaram que a maioria possuia anticorpos neutralizantes para o virus de encefalomielite equina de leste. Estes achados indicam que esse virus ocorre tambem no Brasil não sendo, portanto, restrito à América do Norte.The literature on equine encephalomyelitis in Brazil is very briefly sumarized. It is shown that of the several infectious agents isolated from epizootics of this disease, only one has been identified with certainty and has been found to be rabies virus (Cunha. During late 1940 and early 1941 an epizootic of encephalomyelitis occurred in the Municipio (County of Peçanha, which is located in the east central part of the State of Minas Gerais. Sera were collected from eighteen horses and mules which had passed through the epizootic, and tested for neutralizing antibodies to the St. Louis encephalitis virus and to the eastern and western strains of equine encephlomyelitis virus. None of the sera contained demonstrable antibodies to the St. Louis or western equine encephalomyelitis viruses; fourteen of the eighteen sera, however, possessed antibodies to the eastern strain. Only one of the twenty control sera, obtained from adjacent areas, was found to contain antibodies for the eastern strain, and this one also came from the Municipio of Peçanha. It is concluded that the eastern strain of equine encephlomyelitis virus occurs also in Brazil and is not confined to North America.

  2. Growth curves and the international standard: How children's growth reflects challenging conditions in rural Timor-Leste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spencer, Phoebe R; Sanders, Katherine A; Judge, Debra S

    2018-02-01

    Population-specific growth references are important in understanding local growth variation, especially in developing countries where child growth is poor and the need for effective health interventions is high. In this article, we use mixed longitudinal data to calculate the first growth curves for rural East Timorese children to identify where, during development, deviation from the international standards occurs. Over an eight-year period, 1,245 children from two ecologically distinct rural areas of Timor-Leste were measured a total of 4,904 times. We compared growth to the World Health Organization (WHO) standards using z-scores, and modeled height and weight velocity using the SuperImposition by Translation And Rotation (SITAR) method. Using the Generalized Additive Model for Location, Scale and Shape (GAMLSS) method, we created the first growth curves for rural Timorese children for height, weight and body mass index (BMI). Relative to the WHO standards, children show early-life growth faltering, and stunting throughout childhood and adolescence. The median height and weight for this population tracks below the WHO fifth centile. Males have poorer growth than females in both z-BMI (p = .001) and z-height-for-age (p = .018) and, unlike females, continue to grow into adulthood. This is the most comprehensive investigation to date of rural Timorese children's growth, and the growth curves created may potentially be used to identify future secular trends in growth as the country develops. We show significant deviation from the international standard that becomes most pronounced at adolescence, similar to the growth of other Asian populations. Males and females show different growth responses to challenging conditions in this population. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Estudo de Caso de um Distúrbio Ondulatório de Leste sobre o Estado do Rio Grande do Norte - Brasil

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    Danielson Jorge Delgado Neves

    Full Text Available Resumo Distúrbios ondulatórios de leste (DOL são sistemas atmosféricos presentes na região tropical, preferencialmente sobre áreas dos oceanos Atlântico e Pacífico. Sobre o Atlântico são identificados, inicialmente, próximos à costa oeste do continente Africano e se propagam embebidos no fluxo dos Alíseos, em forma de ondas que se deslocam de leste para oeste. No Atlântico tropical sul, os DOL atuam, preferencialmente sobre o leste do Nordeste do Brasil (NEB contribuindo significativamente para os totais anuais de chuva. O presente trabalho analisa um caso de ocorrência de um DOL sobre o NEB, no estado do Rio Grande do Norte, no dia 13 de Junho de 2014, fazendo o uso de dados de reanálise da componente meridional do vento e vorticidade relativa nos níveis de 850 hPa, água precipitável e dados observados de chuva. Observa-se que o DOL se intensifica entre os dias 12 e 13 de Junho, com valores de vorticidade negativa e água precipitável significativos, próximo à costa do NEB, e se apresenta inicialmente como uma extensão da atividade convectiva presente na ZCIT, desde o Oeste Africano. O DOL causou valores significativos de chuva, gerando deslizamentos de terra, alagamentos e problemas no trânsito de Natal, durante copa do mundo de futebol.

  4. Paulo Freire e a educação popular em Timor-Leste: uma história de libertação

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    Samuel Penteado Urban

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Timor-Leste é considerada a primeira democracia a se estabelecer como tal no século XXI, sendo que seu passado foi marcado por invasões: Portugal (1515-1975, num primeiro momento e Indonésia (1975-1999 num segundo. Num primeiro momento, com o processo de colonização português, muito pouco se fez para Timor, principalmente ao que se refere a educação, sendo esta uma ação política. Com a invasão indonésia em 1975, após o curto período de independência, foi-se muito investido na construção de escolas, desde a educação infantil até o ensino superior, baseando-se no ensino ideologicamente integracionista. Internamente a luta pela restauração da independência, a Educação foi uma das armas para que assim Timor conquistasse a restauração da independência em 2002. Através da Frente de Timor-Leste Independente (FRETILIN, iniciouse um processo de Educação Popular que teve grande infl uência de Paulo Freire. Esse processo educativo, ligado à conscientização política, baseou-se no conhecimento cotidiano dos próprios educandos e num ensino contextualizado as necessidades da luta. Desta forma, pretendeuse realizar apontamentos acerca da Educação Popular em Timor-Leste, levando em conta a infl uência de Paulo Freire, utilizando-se de material relacionado à história da educação em Timor-Leste e Educação Popular em Timor-Leste, além de entrevistas realizadas com o Professor Dr. Antero Benedito da Silva e com o sr. Alberto, vice residente do movimento social do campo de Timor denominada União dos Agricultores de Ermera (UNAER. Palavras-chave: Educação Popular. Paulo Freire. Timor-Leste. Paulo Freire and popular education in East Timor: a history of liberation ABSTRACT East Timor is considered the fi rst democracy to be established as such in the twenty-fi rst century and its past is marked for invasions: Portugal (1515-1975 at fi rst and Indonesia (1975-1999 in a second. At fi rst, the process of Portuguese

  5. Tectônica transcorrente mesozoica-cenozoica na Borda Leste da Bacia do Paraná, Estado de Santa Catarina

    OpenAIRE

    Patricia Duringer Jacques

    2013-01-01

    O presente estudo teve como objetivo principal avaliar as estruturas rúpteis da borda leste da Bacia do Paraná em Santa Catarina, a partir do estudo dos lineamentos estruturais que afetaram as rochas do embasamento, da sucessão ondwânica, das vulcânicas da Formação Serra Geral e das alcalinas associadas ao Domo de Lages e ao Complexo Carbonatítico de Anitápolis. Para atingir estes objetivos, foram efetuados levantamentos de campo de análise estrutural dos lineamentos, integração do arca...

  6. Novas espécies de Diplusodon Pohl (Lythraceae do Planalto Central e Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil New species of Diplusodon Pohl (Lythraceae from Central Brazil and Minas Gerais State

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    Taciana Barbosa Cavalcanti

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available (Novas espécies de Diplusodon Pohl (Lythraceae do Planalto Central e Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Quatro novas espécies são descritas e ilustradas para o gênero Diplusodon, que se somam ao alto número de espécies registradas para este gênero no Cerrado brasileiro, mais especificamente para as montanhas que formam a Serra Geral do Paraná, ou Serra Geral de Goiás, reafirmando a região como centro de diversidade genética do gênero. As seguintes espécies são descritas: Diplusodon capitalensis, do Distrito Federal e Goiás, D. chapadensis e D. grahamae, de Goiás, e D. rupestris, de Minas Gerais.(New species of Diplusodon Pohl (Lythraceae from Central Brazil and Minas Gerais State. Four new species are described and illustrated for the genus Diplusodon. These are added to the already high number of species registered for the Brazilian Cerrado, more precisely in the chain of mountains that form the Serra Geral do Parana or Serra Geral de Goiás, confirming this region as the primary center of genetic diversity of the genus. The following species are described: Diplusodon capitalensis, from the Distrito Federal and Goiás, D. chapadensis and D. grahamae from Goiás, and D. rupestris, from Minas Gerais.

  7. Comunidades da nova era no Planalto Central: utopia, ideologia e reafirmação da ordem New Age communities in the Central Plateau: utopia, ideology and reafirmation of order

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    Aico Sipriano Nogueira

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a constituição de uma comunidade alternativa no planalto central do Brasil, a partir do que se convencionou chamar de "novas formas contemporâneas de sociabilidade". Através de uma discussão teórico-conceitual sobre comunidade, comunidade utópica, mito, ideologia, utopia e imaginário, o texto sugere a possibilidade de se pensar a idéia de alternativa ao sistema social vigente enquanto expressão, ao mesmo tempo, do pensamento conservador e da possibilidade de construção do novo.This article analyses the constitution of an alternative community in the central plateau of Brazil, based on what has been called 'new contemporary forms of sociability'.Using a theoretical-conceptual discussion on community, utopian community, myth, ideology, utopia and imaginary, the text suggests the possibility of taking the idea of alternative to the present social system as an expression, along with conservative thought and the possibility of the construction of the new.

  8. An Enduring Shell Artefact Tradition from Timor-Leste: Oliva Bead Production from the Pleistocene to Late Holocene at Jerimalai, Lene Hara, and Matja Kuru 1 and 2.

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    Michelle C Langley

    Full Text Available In this paper, we describe 485 Oliva spp. shell beads recovered from four archaeological cave sites Jerimalai, Lene Hara, Matja Kuru 1, and Matja Kuru 2, located in Timor-Leste, Island Southeast Asia. While Pleistocene-aged examples of modified marine shells used for personal ornamentation are common in African and Eurasian assemblages, they are exceedingly rare in Southeast Asia, leading some researchers to suggest that these Modern Human societies were less complex than those found further west. In Timor-Leste, the lowest Oliva bead to be recovered was directly dated to ca. 37,000 cal. BP, making it the oldest piece of personal ornamentation in Southeast Asia. Morphometric, taphonomic, use wear, and residue analyses of these beads alongside modern reference specimens, and experimentally made examples indicate that the Oliva shells were modified to be strung consecutively (as in a necklace, and while their mode of production changed remarkably little over the thousands of years they were utilised, an increase in their deposition around 6,000 cal. BP suggests that there was a change in their use coinciding with sea-level stabilisation. These tiny beads demonstrate that early Island Southeast Asian societies produced the same kinds of symbolic material culture we have come to expect from the more intensively studied African/Eurasian region, and that limited sampling and poor recovery methods have biased our perspectives of this region.

  9. Oldest human occupation of Wallacea at Laili Cave, Timor-Leste, shows broad-spectrum foraging responses to late Pleistocene environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Stuart; O'Connor, Sue; Maloney, Tim Ryan; Litster, Mirani; Kealy, Shimona; Fenner, Jack N.; Aplin, Ken; Boulanger, Clara; Brockwell, Sally; Willan, Richard; Piotto, Elena; Louys, Julien

    2017-09-01

    The Wallacea Archipelago provides an extraordinary laboratory for the study of human colonisation and adaptation, yet few detailed archaeological studies have been conducted in the region that span the earliest phase of human settlement. Laili Cave, in northern Timor-Leste, preserves the oldest human occupation in this insular region with a cultural sequence spanning 11,200 to 44,600 cal BP. Small-bodied vertebrates and invertebrates were recovered to the lowest excavated levels, associated with highly concentrated stone artefacts. We report on human behavioural adaptations within the context of Pleistocene environments and changing landscapes using zooarchaeological, stone artefact, bathymetric, and experimental isotopic analyses. Results indicate that Pleistocene humans used the abundant local chert liberally and engaged in mobile broad-spectrum exploitation of invertebrates and fishes from marine, estuarine, and freshwater environments within close proximity of Laili Cave. The faunal assemblage indicates heterogeneous but relatively stable environments during the late Pleistocene. Variability in subsistence strategies over time appears to be a response to changing landscapes and concomitant local resources. This record contrasts with marine specialisations evident from other sites in Timor-Leste and within the broader Wallacean region.

  10. Aplicación móvil para acceder a la información académica de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander a través de una picocelda bluetooth

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    Adriana Patricia Wilches-Castellanos

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available It developed a mobile application that allow to students at the Francisco de Paula Santander University, access to some academic information offered by the Institution, taking advantage of the benefits of Bluetooth technology [1]. A Bluetooth picocell was designed and implemented to allow to users to set a communication between a cellular mobile device with Bluetooth technology enabled and the information source. We performed a quantitative assessment of the proposed system in two different environments: with and without obstacles; and also we assessed the potential for success of implementation through five emes (5M’s analysis [2]. The evaluation results indicate that the system is a viable alternative to offer free access to information within a certain range of coverage.

  11. Resistance to cypermethrin and amitraz in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus on the Santa Catarina Plateau, Brazil Situação da resistência do Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus à cipermetrina e amitraz no Planalto Catarinense, Brasil

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    Luana Paula Haubold Neis Veiga

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available With the objective of evaluating Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus resistance to cipermetrina and amitraz, were collected engorged tick females from cattle on 20 farms on the Santa Catarina Plateau, in southern Brazil, between January of 2004 and May of 2006. Were also received 20 groups of engorged R. (B. microplus females, collected by cattle farmers requesting acaricidal efficacy (AE testing. Were performed in vitro tests, which consisted of immersing engorged females in cypermethrin (0.015% and in amitraz (0.025%. An AE >95% was considered indicative of effectiveness. Of the 20 collected groups, 18 (90% showed cypermethrin resistance and 1 (5% showed amitraz resistance. Of the 20 received groups, 19 (95% showed cypermethrin resistance and 2 (10% showed amitraz resistance. The AE of cypermethrin was found to be >95%, 85-94%, and 55-64%, respectively, in 4 (57.1%, 2 (28.6%, and 1 (14.3% of 7 reference groups, collected in the 1997-2001 period. The AE of amitraz was >95% in all of those groups. Among the groups of specimens received for analysis in that period, the AE of amitraz was >95% in 6 (85.71% and 75-84% in 1 (14.28%. R. (B. microplus resistance to acaricides is increasing on the Santa Catarina Plateau.Com os objetivos de avaliar a resistência do Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus à cipermetrina e ao amitraz no Planalto Catarinense, no período de janeiro de 2004 a maio de 2006, foram coletadas teleóginas em bovinos de 20 propriedades onde os produtores autorizaram a coleta (amostras por conveniência e recebidas teleóginas de mais 20 propriedades com objetivo de diagnóstico de eficácia. Os testes in vitro foram realizados por imersão de teleóginas em cipermetrina (0,015% e amitraz (0,025%. Considerando a eficácia igual ou superior a 95%, das 20 propriedades amostradas, 18 (90% apresentaram resistência à cipermetrina e uma (5% ao amitraz. Das 20 propriedades com teleóginas para diagnóstico, 19 (95% apresentaram resist

  12. EVOLUÇÃO DO RELEVO EM ÁREAS DE TRÍPLICE DIVISOR DE ÁGUAS REGIONAL - O CASO DO PLANALTO DE SANTA CATARINA: ANÁLISE DA REDE HIDROGRÁFICA

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    Michael Vinicius de Sordi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available No Planalto interior de Santa Catarina se localiza o tríplice divisor hidrográfico entre as três principais bacias hidrográficas da região sul do Brasil: Uruguai, Paraná (Iguaçu e Itajaí. Considerando-se que a evolução do relevo em áreas de tríplice divisor regional está intimamente relacionada a dinâmica erosiva dos cursos fluviais, o presente trabalho investiga a importância dos processos de dissecação do relevo e de capturas fluviais para a configuração do relevo dessa região. Para tanto, foram aplicadas técnicas morfométricas (relação declividade-extensão (RDE, perfis topográficos longitudinais e morfológicas (análises de fotografias aéreas e dados de radar SRTM, na área do tríplice divisor Itajaí/Paraná (Iguaçu/Uruguai no Planalto de Santa Catarina. Os resultados permitiram estabelecer uma hierarquização do grau de dissecação: (i áreas pertencentes à bacia hidrográfica do rio Itajaí são as mais dissecadas, com maior amplitude altimétrica, maior densidade de drenagem e nível de base mais baixo; os perfis são mais íngremes e os valores de RDE elevados; (ii porções menos dissecadas, de baixa amplitude altimétrica e densidade drenagem e nível de base mais elevado pertencem bacia hidrográfica do rio Paraná (Iguaçu; os perfis topográficos são mais suaves e os valores de RDE mais baixos e (iii áreas pertencentes à bacia hidrográfica do rio Uruguai, apresentam níveis de dissecação, amplitude altimétrica e densidade de drenagem intermediários, assim como seus perfis e os valores de RDE. Deste modo, o principal processo de evolução do relevo regional é a erosão diferencial entre as bacias hidrográficas que, graças a erosão remontante dos afluentes do rio Itajaí, rebaixam todo o relevo e capturam áreas pertencentes às bacias hidrográficas interiores – do rio Paraná e rio Uruguai – que também capturam áreas entre si.

  13. Relações solo-superfície geomórfica e evolução da paisagem em uma área do Planalto Central Brasileiro

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    Motta Paulo Emilio Ferreira da

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Com base em levantamento pedológico de reconhecimento de alta intensidade, foram investigadas relações pedogeomorfológicas em uma área do Planalto Central Brasileiro, com vistas à predição de atributos e distribuição dos solos em áreas vizinhas carentes de mapas pedológicos. Três superfícies geomórficas, com distintos padrões de espacialização de solos, foram identificadas. Na mais elevada, a distribuição dos solos é estreitamente relacionada à variação do regime hídrico ao longo das encostas. Ocorrem Latossolo Vermelho (LV, Latossolo Vermelho-Amarelo (LVA, Latossolo Amarelo (LA, Latossolo Amarelo plíntico, Latossolo Amarelo petroplíntico (concrecionário e Plintossolo Háplico, todos muito argilosos, com teores de Fe2O3 e TiO2 relativamente homogêneos e índices Ki e Kr indicativos de mineralogia oxídica. Na segunda superfície, os solos apresentam maior variação quanto à textura e teores de Fe e Ti. Predominam LV e LV acriférrico, além de LVA e LA. Nos limites com as chapadas, observa-se a ocorrência de LVA e LA acriférricos endopetroplínticos. Na terceira superfície, que disseca as anteriores, predominam solos menos intemperizados, com atributos muito variáveis, como Cambissolo Háplico, Argissolos Vermelho e Vermelho-Amarelo, Nitossolo Vermelho eutroférrico, Neossolo Litólico e Neossolo Flúvico. O trabalho inclui a proposição de um modelo de evolução para a paisagem regional.

  14. O POTENCIAL DE IMAGENS QUICKBIRD PARA ANÁLISE DO RELEVO DE UM SETOR DO PLANALTO DAS ARAUCÁRIAS, RS: CENTRO DE PESQUISAS E CONSERVAÇÃO DA NATUREZA PRÓ-MATA

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    Eduardo da Silva Pinheiro

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa o potencial de imagens com alta resolução espacial (satélite QuickBird para mapear o relevo de um setor do Planalto das Araucárias, no nordeste do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A área teste foi o Centro de Pesquisas e Conservação da Natureza PRÓ-MATA. Em 1994, o PRÓ-MATA foi criado para desenvolver estudos e ações visando à conservação da Mata Atlântica. Imagens QuickBird e técnicas de geoprocessamento foram usadas para executar o mapeamento. Foram realizados trabalhos de campo para conhecimento da área e levantamento de pontos de controle, utilizando GPS diferencial. As etapas do trabalho foram: gerar um Modelo Digital de Elevação (MDE, realizar fusão e corrigir a geometria das imagens QuickBird, mapear a hidrografia e a geomorfologia. A partir do MDE derivaram mapas de declividades, altimetria e visualizações em 3D da área de estudo. O mapa geomorfológico foi criado na escala de 1/15000, sendo considerados aspectos morfológicos e morfométricos do relevo. A rede de drenagem foi mapeada com detalhe. Na área de estudo, o relevo acidentado com altas declividades dificultaram a aquisição dos pontos de controle e a correção geométrica das imagens. Não obstante, a alta resolução espacial das imagens QuickBird permitiu mapear a área com detalhes, auxiliando na otimização dos trabalhos de campo. Os resultados demonstraram que as imagens com alta resolução são adequadas para analisar e mapear o relevo em áreas acidentadas.

  15. Floração de pessegueiros e nectarineiras no planalto médio do Rio Grande do Sul, influenciada pelas condições meteorológicas

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    Nienow Alexandre Augusto

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A floração e brotação de cultivares e seleções de pessegueiros e nectarineiras foi estudada com a finalidade de auxiliar na indicação dos mais promissores para a região do Planalto Médio do Rio Grande do Sul. Foram avaliadas as safras 1997/98, 1998/99 e 1999/00, estudando-se doze cultivares e nove seleções de pessegueiro, e dois cultivares e uma seleção de nectarineira, com exigências em acúmulo de frio menor que 7,2ºC entre 150 e 400 horas. A coleção, com três plantas por cultivar/seleção, plantadas no espaçamento 6 x 3m e conduzidas no sistema de vaso aberto, sem irrigação, encontrava-se, em 1997, no sexto ciclo vegetativo. Verificou-se que a redução da ocorrência de baixas temperaturas a partir do final de junho e em julho, proporcionou, em todas as safras, condições térmicas favoráveis à antecipação da floração dos pessegueiros e nectarineiras em até 15 dias, em relação a anos normais. O início do florescimento ocorreu, na maioria dos genótipos, durante o mês de julho e início de agosto.

  16. A INFLUÊNCIA DE UMA ESTRUTURA DE IMPACTO NA MORFODINÂMICA DA BORDA MERIDIONAL DO PLANALTO PAULISTANO: O CASO DA CRATERA DE COLÔNIA, EM SÃO PAULO-SP

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    Andre Henrique Bezerra dos Santos

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho tem como objetivo compreender a influência de uma estrutura de impacto pliocênica a oligocênica na morfodinâmica da borda meridional do Planalto Paulistano, em São Paulo (SP, onde se localiza a cratera de Colônia. Com 3,6 km de diâmetro e forte circularidade, a morfologia da cratera é singular na região, na qual predominam morros de topos convexos, esculpidos sobre o embasamento cristalino e sob climas predominantemente úmidos no Quaternário. Elabora-se uma caracterização de elementos sugestivos de condicionamento geológico do relevo e da drenagem, por meio de fotointerpretação, trabalhos de campo e análises morfométricas de Modelos Digitais de Elevação (MDEs. Conclui-se que as deformações produzidas pelo impacto às rochas da região se estendem para além das bordas da cratera, refletindo no estabelecimento de uma rede de drenagem de padrão anelar em seu entorno, sobre as estruturas derivadas do impacto superpostas às estruturas regionais de direção predominante ENE. Além disso, a proeminente assimetria altimétrica de sua crista, mais elevada a SW que a NE, é interpretada como resultado da maior degradação do relevo a NE, conforme apontado a partir de dados geofísicos de seu embasamento.

  17. Atividades externas de Melipona marginata obscurior Moure (Hymenoptera, Apidae, em distintas épocas do ano, em São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil External activities of Melipona marginata obscurior Moure (Hymenoptera, Apidae, in distinct times of the year, at São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

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    Francine von B. Borges

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Propõe-se a análise das atividades de vôo de Melipona marginata obscurior Moure, 1971, em diferentes épocas do ano. Atividades de vôo de abelhas de duas colônias foram estudadas no Centro de Pesquisas e Conservação da Natureza Pró-Mata, em São Francisco de Paula, RS. Na primavera-verão, a amplitude diária de atividade de vôo foi de nove e 13 horas para colônias A e B, respectivamente, com maior intensidade de vôo entre nove e 11 horas. A temperatura mínima para vôo foi de 14,3°C e a partir desta tornaram-se mais intensas. A maior intensidade de vôo ocorreu na faixa de 81-90% de umidade relativa e radiação solar a partir de 300 W/m². Para a colônia A, apenas a temperatura influenciou significativamente as atividades de vôo das abelhas, enquanto que para a colônia B foi somente a radiação solar. No outono-inverno, a amplitude diária de atividades de vôo foi de 10 horas, e entre 10 e 15 horas estas atividades foram mais intensas. A temperatura mínima para vôo foi de 13,7°C, e a partir desta temperatura as atividades tornaram-se mais intensas. Assim como na primavera-verão, a maior intensidade de vôo neste período ocorreu a partir de 300 W/m² de radiação solar. A temperatura e a radiação solar exerceram influência significativa nas atividades externas das abelhas das duas colônias no outono-inverno. As atividades de coleta de pólen pelas abelhas, na primavera-verão, ocorreram desde as primeiras horas da manhã, enquanto no outono-inverno o forrageamento foi tardio.It is proposed a seasonal analysis of the external activities of Melipona marginata obscurior Moure, 1971, in different times of the year. The flight activities of the bees of colonies were studied in the Centro de Pesquisas e Conservação da Natureza Pró-Mata, at São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul. In the spring-summer period, the diary amplitude of the flight activity was about 9 and 13 hours to the colonies A and B, respectively

  18. Contaminação do ambiente aquático por pesticidas. Estudo de caso: águas usadas para consumo humano em Primavera do Leste, Mato Grosso - análise preliminar Aquatic environment contamination by pesticides. Case study: water used for human consumption in Primavera do Leste, Mato Grosso - preliminary analyses

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    Eliana Freire Gaspar de Carvalho Dores

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available A preliminary analyses of the possible contamination of superficial and underground water by the active ingredients of the pesticide products used in the surroundings of the urban area of Primavera do Leste, Mato Grosso, Brazil, was carried out. A description of the study region and of its environmental characteristics, which can favor the contamination of the local aquatic environment, was presented. The EPA screening criteria, the groundwater ubiquity score (GUS and the criteria proposed by Goss were used to evaluate which pesticides might contaminate the local waters. Among the active ingredients studied, several present risks to the local aquatic environment.

  19. PULSOS EROSIVOS E RESPOSTA MORFODINÂMICA ASSOCIADA A EVENTOS EXTREMOS NA COSTA LESTE DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO

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    Dieter Carl Ernst Heino Muehe

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available O litoral do Rio de Janeiro foi atingido, nos últimos 15 anos, por duas tempestades excepcionais. A primeira em Maio de 2001 e a segunda em Abril de 2010. A primeira provocou erosão pronunciada na orla costeira voltada para o sul, isto é entre o Cabo Frio e a Marambaia, enquanto a segunda teve esse efeito no litoral leste do estado a norte do Cabo Frio devido à direção de incidência das ondas que em vez de sul sul-sudeste, mais comum, vieram de sudeste. No presente trabalho é apresentada uma análise do comportamento morfodinâmico da orla costeira a norte dos cabos Frio e Búzios, mais especificamente das praias do Peró, Tucuns, Barra de São João e Rio das Ostras (Abricó, antes e após a tempestade de abril de 2010 abrangendo períodos de até 17 anos em Barra de São João (1996 a 2013 a um mínimo de 7 anos (2007 a 2014 na praia do Peró. O clima de ondas de sudeste, para os últimos 30 anos (1981 a 2011, foi obtido por meio de reanálise dos ventos com filtragem posterior para ondas com altura superior a 3 m e 3,5 m consideradas, neste trabalho, como representativas de ressacas excepcionais. Os resultados mostram que esses eventos extremos correspondem efetivamente aos eventos erosivos encontrados, cuja ocorrência se dá numa frequência muito baixa, permitindo a recuperação do estoque de sedimentos da praia e da base das dunas frontais, com exceção da Praia do Abricó em Rio das Ostras, que apresenta uma tendência histórica de déficit no balanço sedimentar. Para o período do clima de ondas analisado não foi identificada uma tendência de aumento da recorrência, principalmente para ondas de altura superior a 3,5 m. A menor frequência de ocorrência de eventos extremos, quando comparado com outros segmentos, mais expostos, do litoral do Rio de Janeiro, se deve à proteção às ondas de sul e sul-sudoeste exercido pela orientação da linha de costa e da sombra exercida pelo Cabo Frio e Cabo Búzios. Isto resulta num

  20. Redução da erosão hídrica em três sistemas de manejo do solo em um Cambissolo Húmico da região do Planalto Sul-Catarinense Reduction of water erosion in three soil management systems in an Inceptisol of the Planalto Sul-Catarinense region - Brazil

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    André Júlio do Amaral

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available O preparo do solo situa-se entre os componentes de seu manejo mais importantes no processo de produção das plantas cultivadas, sendo normalmente usado para criar ambiente favorável à semeadura e germinação das sementes e ao crescimento das plantas. Em adição, ele é o principal responsável pela criação das condições físicas superficiais do solo que, em última análise, determinam a eficácia de redução da erosão e do escoamento superficial dos diversos sistemas de manejo empregados no estabelecimento de uma cultura, em um local. Considerando esses aspectos, realizou-se um estudo de erosão em campo, sob condições de chuva natural, no município de Lages (SC, na região fisiográfica do Planalto Sul-Catarinense, no período de novembro de 2002 a outubro de 2005. O objetivo principal da pesquisa foi quantificar as perdas de água e solo nos ciclos culturais do trigo (Triticum aestivum L. e da soja (Glycine max L., usando os sistemas de manejo de solo convencional (aração+duas gradagens, reduzido (escarificação + uma gradagem e sem preparo (semeadura direta, com vistas à determinação da eficácia de redução da erosão e do escoamento superficial dessas formas de manejo do solo. O experimento foi instalado em um Cambissolo Húmico alumínico léptico, apresentando textura superficial franco-argilo-siltosa e declividade média de 0,102 m m-1. Avaliaram-se características de planta e erosão hídrica em cinco estádios de desenvolvimento das culturas, definidos com base na percentagem de cobertura do solo pelo dossel das plantas. A quantidade total de chuva foi praticamente a mesma (cerca de 650 mm em ambos os ciclos culturais, porém com alguma diferença na sua distribuição, tendo se concentrado mais no período que vai do intermediário ao final na cultura do trigo e no período inicial na cultura da soja. Este último comportamento se repetiu em relação à erosividade das chuvas, mas com os valores absolutos tendo

  1. The experience of medical training and expectations regarding future medical practice of medical students in the Cuban-supported Medical School in Timor-Leste.

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    Ferrinho, Paulo; Valdes, Ana C; Cabral, Jorge

    2015-03-28

    The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse the professional expectations and profile of medical students at the Cuban-supported School of General Medicine, in the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences of the National University of Timor-Leste. A piloted, standardized questionnaire, with closed- and open-ended questions, was distributed to registered medical students attending classes on the day of the survey. All data were analysed using SPSS. The statistical analysis is mostly descriptive. Students decide to study medicine at an early age. Relatives and friends seem to have an especially important influence in encouraging, reinforcing and promoting the desire to be a doctor. The degree of feminization of the student population is high. Medical students are in general satisfied with the training received, though demanding improvements in terms of systems to support their studies and training (e.g. libraries, laboratories, access to computers and the Internet). Medical students know that they will be needed in the public sector and that it would represent their opportunity to contribute to the public's welfare. Nonetheless, they report that they expect to combine public sector practice with private work, probably, in order to improve their earnings. This may be explained by their expectations for salaries, which are much higher than the current level of public sector salaries. A significant proportion of students are unsure about their future area of specialization. Of those that have determined their desired specialization, most intend to train as hospital specialists and to follow a hospital-based career. For many, specialization is equated with migration to study abroad. There are important differences between students at the start of their training compared with more advanced students. This paper gives an overview of student expectations for alignment with stated national human resources for health priorities for Timor-Leste.

  2. Does mobile phone ownership predict better utilization of maternal and newborn health services? a cross-sectional study in Timor-Leste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nie, Juan; Unger, Jennifer Anna; Thompson, Susan; Hofstee, Marisa; Gu, Jing; Mercer, Mary Anne

    2016-07-23

    Increasingly popular mobile health (mHealth) programs have been proposed to promote better utilization of maternal, newborn and child health services. However, women who lack access to a mobile phone are often left out of both mHealth programs and research. In this study, we determine whether household mobile phone ownership is an independent predictor of utilization of maternal and newborn health services in Timor-Leste. The study included 581 women aged 15-49 years with a child under the age of two years from the districts of Manufahi and Ainaro in Timor-Leste. Participants were interviewed via a structured survey of knowledge, practices, and coverage of maternal and child health services, with additional questions related to ownership and utilization of mobile phones. Mobile phone ownership was the exposure variable, and the dependent variables included having at least four antenatal care visits, skilled birth attendance, health facility delivery, a postnatal checkup within 24 h, and a neonatal checkup within 24 h for their youngest child. Logistic regression models were applied to assess for associations. Sixty-seven percent of women reported having at least one mobile phone in the family. Women who had a mobile phone were significantly more likely to be of higher socioeconomic status and to utilize maternal and newborn health services. However, after adjusting socioeconomic factors, household mobile phone ownership was not independently associated with any of the dependent variables. Evaluations of the effects of mHealth programs on health in a population need to consider the likelihood of socioeconomic differentials indicated by mobile phone ownership.

  3. Classicação Sinótica de Frentes Frias Associadas a Chuvas Extremas no Leste de Santa Catarina (SC

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    Gustavo C.J. Escobar

    Full Text Available Resumo O trabalho apresenta uma classificação sinótica de frentes frias sobre o leste do Estado de Santa Catarina (SC, com o propósito de identificar os principais padrões sinóticos associados com chuvas extremas na região do Vale do Itajaí. A metodologia utilizada foi a técnica de Análise de Componentes Principais aplicada à série de reanálises do Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR (NCEP para o período 1979-2010. Previamente, realiza-se uma climatologia de frentes frias sobre o leste de SC, cujos resultados mostram uma maior frequência de frentes frias associadas a chuvas extremas no Vale do Itajaí durante a primavera. Os resultados fornecem cinco padrões sinóticos principais que representam 83,4% dos casos de frentes frias com chuvas extremas no Vale do Itajaí. O padrão sinótico mais frequente mostra um intenso fluxo de quadrante sudeste sobre a região de estudo, determinado pela presença de um forte anticiclone pós-frontal observado sobre o sul da Província de Buenos Aires, cuja frente fria associada encontra-se no extremo nordeste catarinense. Por último, há dois padrões sinóticos típicos de verão relacionados com chuvas extremas no Vale do Itajaí; um relacionado com episódios de Zona de Convergência do Atlântico Sul (ZCAS e outro associado com a Baixa do Chaco (BCH.

  4. MICROMORFOLOGIA DE COLÚVIOS EM SEQUENCIAS PEDOESTRATIGRÁFICA E LITOESTRATIGRÁFICA – O CASO DAS SUPERFÍCIES DE PALMAS/ÁGUA DOCE (SUL E PLANALTO SEDIMENTAR DO ARARIPE (NORDESTE DO BRASIL

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    Flávia Jorge de Lima

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo identificou propriedades micromorfológicas comuns em depósitos de colúvio formados por diferentes processos e condições ambientais, com o intuito de obter informações que auxiliem no reconhecimento de microfeições indicadoras de ambiente úmido.  Para tanto foram comparadas uma seção estratigráfica do Planalto Sedimentar do Araripe com os elementos micromorfológicos do nível 4Cb da seção HS1 na superfície Palmas/Água Doce - Sul do Brasil, gerados na passagem de condições paleoclimáticas secas para úmidas. Os métodos incluem: i descrição com base no critério litoestratigráfico para seção Rampa de colúvio de fácie proximal - CSM-C, e no pedoestratigráfico para a seção HS1; ii caracterização das propriedades sedimentológicas; iii - Descrição e análise micromorfológica dos materiais. O nível 4Cb foi usado como referência por ser de origem coluvial e o principal responsável pela colmatação de um paleocanal de segunda ordem. Comparando a unidade 4Cb, gerada em condições ambientais transicionais de clima mais seco para mais úmido, com a seção CSM-C, pode-se concluir que: I a componente água esteve presente em ambas unidades coluviais, tanto durante quanto após o evento deposicional. Isto demonstra que ambas têm importante significado paleoambiental, sobretudo para o sul do Ceará, que está inserido no contexto semiárido. II as evidências micromorfológicas comuns de depleção e migração de oxihidróxido de ferro permitem apontar que as condições paleoambientais de formação dos colúvios foram similares, gerados na transição de um ambiente mais seco para mais úmido. III o acúmulo das microfeições hidromórficas e de migração dos oxihidróxidos de ferro com aberturas de poros testemunham a continuidade da presença da água no sistema.

  5. Exploración ética como aproximación a la educación integral en jóvenes de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander

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    Ilva Rosa Solano-Guerrero

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to present a report of the research conducted with a group of enrolled university students in various academic programs Francisco University Paula Santander, including men and women aged between 18 and 25 years, who guided a workshop seminar “ethical commitment of youth”, who through a survey were asked about topics that relate to thinking and acting from a value component. The research design is presented in an explanatory level, allowing to identify the variety of thoughts when it comes to situations that deal with human behavior, ethics and values. Besides experiencing how the young century da man own reasons they do today and certainly different from the old, and concluded that modern man is part of a historical moment called “Postmodernism” as a process changes in the trend are operated for the benefit of the principle that leads to free development of personality, a young man who continues to conquer new areas: education, education, leisure, sport, fashion, schedules, work, communication, technology, among others. You drive the transformation of thinking and acting that starts with the individual, it permeates the family extends to society leaving morality in the hands of the law: thus is the current education who has an ethical commitment to restructure and guide the pedagogical practice, according to the principles which govern the law and conducting the training of young people to the entirety of their being as men towards a better society.

  6. 'They love us just the way they love a woman': gender identity, power and transactional sex between men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste.

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    Niven, Hamish; Jose, Hayden; Rawstorne, Patrick; Nathan, Sally

    2017-11-07

    There has been limited research on the experiences of men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste. Previous research has suggested a phenomenon by which same-sex-attracted men and transgender women have sexual and intimate relationships with straight-identifying men or mane-forte. Transactional sex has also been reported to be common. This paper, which complements a larger national size estimation among key populations at risk of HIV, further investigates sexual and social identities and roles, including sexual practices, among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste. Fifteen interviews were conducted with a profile of participants from urban and rural settings. Using inductive thematic analysis, we found that gender identity played a significant role in sexual relationships, with mane-forte having power over their sexual partner(s). Transactional sex was also found to be customary. Some participants experienced stigma, discrimination, sexual coercion and violence, while others, such as mane-forte, did not. Our research suggests that gender identity and power are significant in sexual relationships between men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste, have implications for HIV prevention efforts and may reflect gender norms within the broader community.

  7. Six-year longitudinal study of pathways leading to explosive anger involving the traumas of recurrent conflict and the cumulative sense of injustice in Timor-Leste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silove, Derrick; Mohsin, Mohammed; Tay, Alvin Kuowei; Steel, Zachary; Tam, Natalino; Savio, Elisa; Da Costa, Zelia Maria; Rees, Susan

    2017-10-01

    Cumulative evidence suggests that explosive anger may be a common reaction among survivors of mass conflict. However, little is known about the course of explosive anger in the years following mass conflict, or the psychosocial factors that influence the trajectory of that reaction pattern. We examined these issues in a 6-year longitudinal study (2004-2010) conducted among adult residents of a rural and an urban village in Timor-Leste (n = 1022). We derived a brief, context-specific index of explosive anger using qualitative methods. Widely used measures of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and severe psychological distress were calibrated to the Timor context. We developed an index of the cumulative sense of injustice related to consecutive historical periods associated with conflict in Timor-Leste. We applied partial structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine pathways from baseline explosive anger, socio-demographic factors, recurrent trauma, mental health indices (PTSD, severe psychological distress) and the sense of injustice, to explosive anger. Half of the sample with explosive anger at baseline continued to report that reaction pattern after 6 years; and a third of those who did not report explosive anger at baseline developed the response by follow-up. A symmetrical pattern of younger age, female gender and the trauma count for the preceding historical period predicted explosive anger at each assessment point. The sense of injustice was related to explosive anger at follow-up. Explosive anger was associated with impairment in functioning and conflict with the intimate partner and wider family. Sampling constraints caution against generalizing our findings to other populations. Nevertheless, our data suggest that explosive anger may persist for a prolonged period of time following mass conflict and that the response pattern is initiated and maintained by recurrent trauma exposure associated with a sense of injustice. Averting recurrence of mass

  8. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and environmental risk factors for soil-transmitted helminth intensity of infection in Timor-Leste, using real time PCR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Suzy J; Nery, Susana V; Wardell, Rebecca; D'Este, Catherine A; Gray, Darren J; McCarthy, James S; Traub, Rebecca J; Andrews, Ross M; Llewellyn, Stacey; Vallely, Andrew J; Williams, Gail M; Clements, Archie C A

    2017-03-01

    No investigations have been undertaken of risk factors for intensity of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infection in Timor-Leste. This study provides the first analysis of risk factors for intensity of STH infection, as determined by quantitative PCR (qPCR), examining a broad range of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and environmental factors, among communities in Manufahi District, Timor-Leste. A baseline cross-sectional survey of 18 communities was undertaken as part of a cluster randomised controlled trial, with additional identically-collected data from six other communities. qPCR was used to assess STH infection from stool samples, and questionnaires administered to collect WASH, demographic, and socioeconomic data. Environmental information was obtained from open-access sources and linked to infection outcomes. Mixed-effects multinomial logistic regression was undertaken to assess risk factors for intensity of Necator americanus and Ascaris infection. 2152 participants provided stool and questionnaire information for this analysis. In adjusted models incorporating WASH, demographic and environmental variables, environmental variables were generally associated with infection intensity for both N. americanus and Ascaris spp. Precipitation (in centimetres) was associated with increased risk of moderate-intensity (adjusted relative risk [ARR] 6.1; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.9-19.3) and heavy-intensity (ARR 6.6; 95% CI 3.1-14.1) N. americanus infection, as was sandy-loam soil around households (moderate-intensity ARR 2.1; 95% CI 1.0-4.3; heavy-intensity ARR 2.7; 95% CI 1.6-4.5; compared to no infection). For Ascaris, alkaline soil around the household was associated with reduced risk of moderate-intensity infection (ARR 0.21; 95% CI 0.09-0.51), and heavy-intensity infection (ARR 0.04; 95% CI 0.01-0.25). Few WASH risk factors were significant. In this high-prevalence setting, strong risk associations with environmental factors indicate that anthelmintic

  9. Intermittent explosive disorder amongst women in conflict affected Timor-Leste: associations with human rights trauma, ongoing violence, poverty, and injustice.

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    Susan Rees

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Women in conflict-affected countries are at risk of mental disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder and depression. No studies have investigated the association between experiences of abuse and injustice and explosive anger amongst women in these settings, and the impact of anger on women's health, family relationships and ability to participate in development. METHODS: A mixed methods study including an epidemiological survey (n = 1513, 92.6% response and qualitative interviews (n = 77 was conducted in Timor-Leste. The indices measured included Intermittent Explosive Disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder; severe distress; days out of role (the number of days that the person was unable to undertake normal activities; gender-specific trauma; conflict/violence; poverty; and preoccupations with injustice. RESULTS: Women with Intermittent Explosive Disorder (n = 184, 12.2% were more disabled than those without the disorder (for >5 days out of role, 40.8% versus 31.5%, X(2 (2 = 12.93 p = 0.0016. Multivariable associations with Intermittent Explosive Disorder, controlling for the presence of PTSD, psychological distress and other predictors in the model, included the sense of being sick (OR 1.73; 95% CI 1.08-2.77; victimization as a result of helping the resistance movement (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.48-3.68; war-related trauma specific to being a woman (OR 1.95, 95%, CI 1.09-3.50; ongoing family violence and community conflict (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.27-2.77; extreme poverty (OR 1.23, 95%, CI 1.08-1.39; and distressing preoccupations with injustice (relating to 2/3 historical periods, OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.35-3.28. In the qualitative study, women elaborated on the determinants of anger and its impact on their health, family and community functioning, child-rearing, and capacity to engage in development. Women reflected on the strategies that might help them overcome their anger. CONCLUSIONS: Intermittent Explosive Disorder is prevalent and

  10. Intermittent explosive disorder amongst women in conflict affected Timor-Leste: associations with human rights trauma, ongoing violence, poverty, and injustice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, Susan; Silove, Derrick; Verdial, Teresa; Tam, Natalino; Savio, Elisa; Fonseca, Zulmira; Thorpe, Rosamund; Liddell, Belinda; Zwi, Anthony; Tay, Kuowei; Brooks, Robert; Steel, Zachary

    2013-01-01

    Women in conflict-affected countries are at risk of mental disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder and depression. No studies have investigated the association between experiences of abuse and injustice and explosive anger amongst women in these settings, and the impact of anger on women's health, family relationships and ability to participate in development. A mixed methods study including an epidemiological survey (n = 1513, 92.6% response) and qualitative interviews (n = 77) was conducted in Timor-Leste. The indices measured included Intermittent Explosive Disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder; severe distress; days out of role (the number of days that the person was unable to undertake normal activities); gender-specific trauma; conflict/violence; poverty; and preoccupations with injustice. Women with Intermittent Explosive Disorder (n = 184, 12.2%) were more disabled than those without the disorder (for >5 days out of role, 40.8% versus 31.5%, X(2) (2) = 12.93 p = 0.0016). Multivariable associations with Intermittent Explosive Disorder, controlling for the presence of PTSD, psychological distress and other predictors in the model, included the sense of being sick (OR 1.73; 95% CI 1.08-2.77); victimization as a result of helping the resistance movement (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.48-3.68); war-related trauma specific to being a woman (OR 1.95, 95%, CI 1.09-3.50); ongoing family violence and community conflict (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.27-2.77); extreme poverty (OR 1.23, 95%, CI 1.08-1.39); and distressing preoccupations with injustice (relating to 2/3 historical periods, OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.35-3.28). In the qualitative study, women elaborated on the determinants of anger and its impact on their health, family and community functioning, child-rearing, and capacity to engage in development. Women reflected on the strategies that might help them overcome their anger. Intermittent Explosive Disorder is prevalent and disabling amongst women in conflict-affected Timor-Leste

  11. Intermittent Explosive Disorder amongst Women in Conflict Affected Timor-Leste: Associations with Human Rights Trauma, Ongoing Violence, Poverty, and Injustice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, Susan; Silove, Derrick; Verdial, Teresa; Tam, Natalino; Savio, Elisa; Fonseca, Zulmira; Thorpe, Rosamund; Liddell, Belinda; Zwi, Anthony; Tay, Kuowei; Brooks, Robert; Steel, Zachary

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Women in conflict-affected countries are at risk of mental disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder and depression. No studies have investigated the association between experiences of abuse and injustice and explosive anger amongst women in these settings, and the impact of anger on women's health, family relationships and ability to participate in development. Methods A mixed methods study including an epidemiological survey (n = 1513, 92.6% response) and qualitative interviews (n = 77) was conducted in Timor-Leste. The indices measured included Intermittent Explosive Disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder; severe distress; days out of role (the number of days that the person was unable to undertake normal activities); gender-specific trauma; conflict/violence; poverty; and preoccupations with injustice. Results Women with Intermittent Explosive Disorder (n = 184, 12.2%) were more disabled than those without the disorder (for >5 days out of role, 40.8% versus 31.5%, X2 (2)  = 12.93 p = 0.0016). Multivariable associations with Intermittent Explosive Disorder, controlling for the presence of PTSD, psychological distress and other predictors in the model, included the sense of being sick (OR 1.73; 95% CI 1.08–2.77); victimization as a result of helping the resistance movement (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.48–3.68); war-related trauma specific to being a woman (OR 1.95, 95%, CI 1.09–3.50); ongoing family violence and community conflict (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.27–2.77); extreme poverty (OR 1.23, 95%, CI 1.08–1.39); and distressing preoccupations with injustice (relating to 2/3 historical periods, OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.35–3.28). In the qualitative study, women elaborated on the determinants of anger and its impact on their health, family and community functioning, child-rearing, and capacity to engage in development. Women reflected on the strategies that might help them overcome their anger. Conclusions Intermittent Explosive Disorder

  12. CARACTERIZAÇÃO DA REDE DE DRENAGEM NA PORÇÃO LESTE DA ILHA DO MARAJÓ E IMPLICAÇÕES TECTÔNICAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lena Simone Barata Souza

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available A análise de bacias de drenagem, combinada com dados de sensoriamento remoto e cartográficos, fornece informações significantes para o reconhecimento de lineamentos morfoestruturais e para a detecção de feições tectônicas com expressão na paisagem atual. Este procedimento foi aplicado no estudo de três bacias de drenagem do leste da Ilha do Marajó, correspondentes aos rios Arari, Camará e Paracauari. Todas estas bacias mostram evidências de anomalias morfoestruturais, incluindo-se principalmente: mudanças rápidas no padrão de drenagem dentro de uma mesma bacia, variando de treliça, retangular, multibacinal a subparalelo; canais retilíneos comumente conectados em ângulos retos; canais fortemente sinuosos que se tornam retilíneos; meandros localizados; e bacias altamente assimétricas. Anomalias de drenagem, consistindo em frequentes desvios de direção formando ângulos retos e meandros isolados e comprimidos, são também reconhecidas na paleodrenagem preservada neste setor da ilha. Com base na densidade dos lineamentos estruturais, pode-se reconhecer dois compartimentos morfoestruturais. O compartimento I é localizado na porção centro-leste da área de estudo, onde ocorre densidade de lineamento alta com duas direções preferenciais para NW-SE e NE-SW. O compartimento II, correspondente ao restante da área, apresenta densidade de lineamentos variando entre muito baixa a média e com orientação principal para NE-SW. As características morfoestruturais dos sistemas de drenagem atual e pretérita permitem sugerir área com forte controle tectônico. A deformação tectônica pode refletir reativação de falhas de direções principais NW-SE e NE-SW, melhor registradas no compartimento I.

  13. The role of grief symptoms and a sense of injustice in the pathways to post-traumatic stress symptoms in post-conflict Timor-Leste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tay, A K; Rees, S; Steel, Z; Liddell, B; Nickerson, A; Tam, N; Silove, D

    2017-08-01

    Grief symptoms and a sense of injustice may be interrelated responses amongst persons exposed to mass conflict and both reactions may contribute to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. As yet, however, there is a dearth of data examining these relationships. Our study examined the contributions of grief and a sense of injustice to a model of PTSD symptoms that included the established determinants of trauma events, ongoing adversity and severe psychological distress. The study involved a large population sample (n = 2964, response rate: 82.4%) surveyed in post-conflict Timor-Leste. The survey sites included an urban administrative area (suco) in Dili, the capital of Timor-Leste and a rural village located an hour's drive away. Culturally adapted measures were applied to assess conflict related traumatic events (TEs), ongoing adversity, persisting preoccupations with injustice, symptoms of grief, psychological distress (including depressive symptoms) and PTSD symptoms. We tested a series of structural equation models, the final comprehensive model, which included indices of grief symptoms and injustice, producing a good fit. Locating grief symptoms as the endpoint of the model produced a non-converging model. In the final model, strong associations were evident between grief and injustice (β = 0.34, s.e. = 0.02, p < 0.01) and grief and PTSD symptoms (β = 0.14, s.e. = 0.02, p < 0.01). The sense of injustice exerted a considerable effect on PTSD symptoms (β = 0.13, s.e. = 0.03, p < 0.01). In addition, multiple indirect paths were evident, most involving grief and a sense of injustice, attesting to the complex inter-relationship of these factors in contributing to PTSD symptoms. Our findings support an expanded model of PTSD symptoms relevant to post-conflict populations, in which grief symptoms and a sense of injustice play pivotal roles. The model supports the importance of a focus on loss, grief and a sense of injustice in conducting trauma

  14. Human settlement history between Sunda and Sahul: a focus on East Timor (Timor-Leste) and the Pleistocenic mtDNA diversity.

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    Gomes, Sibylle M; Bodner, Martin; Souto, Luis; Zimmermann, Bettina; Huber, Gabriela; Strobl, Christina; Röck, Alexander W; Achilli, Alessandro; Olivieri, Anna; Torroni, Antonio; Côrte-Real, Francisco; Parson, Walther

    2015-02-14

    Distinct, partly competing, "waves" have been proposed to explain human migration in(to) today's Island Southeast Asia and Australia based on genetic (and other) evidence. The paucity of high quality and high resolution data has impeded insights so far. In this study, one of the first in a forensic environment, we used the Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine (PGM) for generating complete mitogenome sequences via stand-alone massively parallel sequencing and describe a standard data validation practice. In this first representative investigation on the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation of East Timor (Timor-Leste) population including >300 individuals, we put special emphasis on the reconstruction of the initial settlement, in particular on the previously poorly resolved haplogroup P1, an indigenous lineage of the Southwest Pacific region. Our results suggest a colonization of southern Sahul (Australia) >37 kya, limited subsequent exchange, and a parallel incubation of initial settlers in northern Sahul (New Guinea) followed by westward migrations <28 kya. The temporal proximity and possible coincidence of these latter dispersals, which encompassed autochthonous haplogroups, with the postulated "later" events of (South) East Asian origin pinpoints a highly dynamic migratory phase.

  15. Associations between bride price obligations and women's anger, symptoms of mental distress, poverty, spouse and family conflict and preoccupations with injustice in conflict-affected Timor-Leste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, Susan; Mohsin, Mohammed; Tay, Alvin Kuowei; Thorpe, Rosamund; Murray, Samantha; Savio, Elisa; Fonseca, Mira; Tol, Wietse; Silove, Derrick

    2016-01-01

    Bride price is a widespread custom in many parts of the world, including in most countries in sub-Saharan Africa and parts of Asia. We hypothesised that problems relating to the obligatory ongoing remittances made by the husband and his family to the bride's family may be a source of mental disturbance (in the form of explosive anger and severe mental distress) among women. In addition, we postulated that problems arising with bride price would be associated with conflict with the spouse and family, poverty and women's preoccupations with injustice. A mixed-methods study comprising a total community household survey and semistructured qualitative interviews. Two villages, one urban, the other rural, in Timor-Leste. 1193 married women participated in the household survey and a structured subsample of 77 women participated in qualitative interviews. Problems with bride price showed a consistent dose-effect relationship with sudden episodes of explosive anger, excessive anger and severe psychological distress. Women with the most severe problems with bride price had twice the poverty scores as those with no problems with the custom. Women with the most severe problems with bride price also reported a threefold increase in conflict with their spouse and a fivefold increase in conflict with family. They also reported heightened preoccupations with injustice. Our study is the first to show consistent associations between problems with bride price obligations and mental distress, poverty, conflict with spouse and family and preoccupations with injustice among women in a low-income, postconflict country.

  16. 42,000-year-old worked and pigment-stained Nautilus shell from Jerimalai (Timor-Leste): Evidence for an early coastal adaptation in ISEA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langley, Michelle C; O'Connor, Sue; Piotto, Elena

    2016-08-01

    In this paper, we describe worked and pigment-stained Nautilus shell artefacts recovered from Jerimalai, Timor-Leste. Two of these artefacts come from contexts dating to between 38,000 and 42,000 cal. BP (calibrated years before present), and exhibit manufacturing traces (drilling, pressure flaking, grinding), as well as red colourant staining. Through describing more complete Nautilus shell ornaments from younger levels from this same site (>15,900, 9500, and 5000 cal. BP), we demonstrate that those dating to the initial occupation period of Jerimalai are of anthropogenic origin. The identification of such early shell working examples of pelagic shell in Island Southeast Asia not only adds to our growing understanding of the importance of marine resources to the earliest modern human communities in this region, but also indicates that a remarkably enduring shell working tradition was enacted in this area of the globe. Additionally, these artefacts provide the first material culture evidence that the inhabitants of Jerimalai were not only exploiting coastal resources for their nutritional requirements, but also incorporating these materials into their social technologies, and by extension, their social systems. In other words, we argue that the people of Jerimalai were already practicing a developed coastal adaptation by at least 42,000 cal. BP. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Distribuição espacial de formações superficiais geneticamente associadas a rochas siliciclásticas – Planalto Do Espinhaço Meridional (Mg - Brasil / Spatial distribution of genetically superficial formations associated with siliciclastic rocks - Plateau of Southern Espinhaço (MG - Brazil

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    Patrícia Mara Lage Simões

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A área de estudo que se situa na borda oeste do Planalto do Espinhaço Meridional, na qual predominam as rochas siliciclásticas que integram unidades geológicas diversas, observaram-se dois tipos distintos de padrões de distribuição da formação superficial, linear e zonal. Este trabalho objetiva analisar essa distribuição espacial das formações superficiais de trecho do Planalto do Espinhaço Meridional localizado no alto curso do Rio Pardo Pequeno (MG, discutindo o papel exercido pela organização litoestrutural na espacialidade dessa cobertura pedológica. Para executar tal investigação foram produzidos mapas de distribuição espacial das formações superficiais, mapa de estrutura geológica, e perfis topográficos e geológicos. As formações superficiais verificadas na área de estudo apresentam uma distribuição espacial essencialmente conduzida pelas características do arcabouço estrutural e litológico da região. A distribuição linear relaciona-se às feições estruturais, como: falhas, falhas de empurrão, alinhamentos, anticlinais e sinclinais. Já as formações zonais são influenciadas pelas diferenças entre a resistência das diversas rochas aos processos intempéricos. O estudo das características das formações superficiais e suas associações com os aspectos litoestruturais são essenciais para compreender a configuração geomorfológica do alto curso do Rio Pardo Pequeno.

  18. Florística e classificação da regeneração natural em Floresta Ombrófila Mista na Floresta Nacional de São Francisco de Paula, RS.

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    Igor da Silva Narvaes

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Na floresta Ombrófila Mista, a regeneração natural é pouco estudada. No Rio Grande do Sul, em conseqüência da ação antrópica, essas florestas se encontram sob diferentes condições de alteração, em alguns casos formando fragmentos. O estudo teve como objetivo analisar a florística da regeneração natural e verificar a ocorrência de grupos florísticos de uma área onde não foram constatadas alterações intensas. A área com 1606,69 ha localiza-se na Floresta Nacional de São Francisco de Paula (entre 29° 23' e 29° 27' S; 50° 23' e 50° 25' W, no município de São Francisco de Paula, RS. No estudo, foram selecionadas seis parcelas permanentes de crescimento do PELD (Projeto Ecológico de Longa Duração cuja vegetação foi inventariada, utilizando-se dez faixas paralelas entre si e perpendiculares à direção da posição topográfica, as quais apresentaram 10 m de largura e 100 m de comprimento, subdivididas em dez unidades de 100 m² onde foram sorteadas três unidades amostrais por faixa para identificação e medição (altura e circunferência de indivíduos com Cap maior ou igual a 3 cm e menor de 30 cm. Os cipós, trepadeiras e ervas também tiveram suas circunferências medidas e identificados até o nível de espécie, quando possível. Os dados de densidade por espécie formaram uma matriz (180x70 utilizada na análise multivariada. A presença de agrupamento de vegetação em estado de regeneração natural no interior da floresta foi testada pelo Método TWINSPAN (Two-way indicator species analysis. Constatou-se a existência de três grupos ecológicos (G-1, G-2 e G-3. O G-1 foi caracterizado por boa disponibilidade hídrica, por possuir características ambientais intermediárias e por situar-se na posição topográfica referente à encosta média; G-2 ocorreu na encosta inferior da floresta, apresentando forte influência da umidade e sujeita a alagamentos espor

  19. Determinación de la habilidad cognitiva en la resolución de problemas matemáticos de los estudiantes de Ciencias Empresariales de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander

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    Juan Simón Jaimes-Boada

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The Constitution of 1991 in Colombia led the revolution in education, increasing political finding appropriate and effective to meet the country’s institutional reality, and promote improvement of the system to quality, efficiency, equity and relevance. Taking the State mechanisms to assess, as it is, a higher level of quality reviews of higher education (ECAES. Therefore, it is the responsibility of educational institutions, from the results, implement improvement plans to enhance the strengths and minimize weaknesses. This particular field of this research, descriptive, to determine cognitive ability in solving mathematical problems of business students at the University Francisco de Paula Santander. To comply with the proposed, the research is based on three theories: The theory of human intelligence triarchic Sternberg’s theory Vergnaud’s conceptual fields and the theory of the stages of Polya’s problem-solving. Possible to develop four tests: C1, knowledge in reading comprehension, C2, expertise in selecting the plan, C3, knowledge in the selection of strategies and C4, knowledge in implementing the work plan; applied consecutively to a sample of 75 students of Administration and Accounts of the third and fourth semester. The analysis of the reliability and psychometric study each of them and holistic approach to success and continuity of the phases of the aforementioned resolution, as well as the views of some students participating in the test. The previous study shows that students did not perform the whole process of the four phases in the different situations arising, in phase three, where more advanced approach was ten, with 12 percent and in phase 2 21 percent. Furthermore, they have weaknesses in reading comprehension and analysis of problems requiring conceptual strength. For this reason, proposes a method conducive to improving the weaknesses found and also allow future research in this field.

  20. Desempenho de cinco clones jovens de seringueira na região do Planalto Ocidental Paulista Performance of five young clones of rubber tree in the São Paulo Occidental plateau region

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    Juliane Ribeiro Cavalcante

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available A Região do Planalto Ocidental Paulista tem se destacado como pólo produtor de borracha natural. Visando fornecer informações sobre a adaptação dos clones de seringueira [Hevea brasiliensis (Wildd. ex. Adr. de Juss Müell. Arg.] RRIM 600, GT 1, RRIM 701, IAN 873 e PB 235, em São José do Rio Preto (SP, realizaram-se avaliações de alguns caracteres de sua biologia, pelo acompanhamento das trocas gasosas e mensuração do desenvolvimento vegetativo durante os primeiros 18 meses após o enxerto sobre Tjir 16. A altura de RRIM 600 atingiu, em média, 3,74 m e o diâmetro do caule de IAN 873 e RRIM 600, 2,50 cm. PB 235 apresentou o menor índice relativo de crescimento durante o período. No período úmido, os valores das trocas gasosas não diferiram significativamente entre os clones, com valores médios da taxa fotossintética de 9,45 mmol.m-2.s-1; para a taxa de transpiração, 3,84 mmol.m-2.s-1, e para a condutância estomática, de 0,096 mol.m-2.s-1. Diferenças entre os valores de trocas gasosas ocorreram apenas no período seco, com redução mais acentuada para PB 235. Considerando o conjunto dos caracteres analisados, o desempenho dos clones IAN 873 e RRIM 600 foi superior, e do clone PB 235, inferior.The region of São Paulo Occidental Plateau is well known for its part as a major producer of natural rubber. In order to obtain information about adaptation of rubber tree clones [Hevea brasiliensis (Wildd. ex. Adr. de Juss Müell. Arg.] RRIM 600, RRIM 701, IAN 873, PB 235 and GT 1, in the city of São José do Rio Preto some biologic characteristics were evaluated. Analysis were performed by monitoring gas exchanges and by measuring vegetative development, during the 18 months after engraft on the Tjir 16 clonal rootstocks. The height of RRIM 600 reached a mean of 3,74 m, and the diameter of the stem of IAN 873 and RRIM 600 reached the mean of 2,50 cm. Clone PB 235 presented the lowest relative growth during the period. During the

  1. Características produtivas e reprodutivas de vacas Holandesas e mestiças Holandês × Gir no Planalto Central Production and reproduction traits in Holstein and Gyr crossbred cows in the Central Plateau, Brazil

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    Concepta McManus

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de comparar o desempenho leiteiro e reprodutivo de vacas da raça Holandesa e mestiças Holandês × Gir na região do Planalto Central foram utilizados dados de 1.456 vacas de cinco composições raciais, originadas das raças Holandesa (H e Gir (G: puras H; ¾H ¼G; ½H ½G; ³/8H 5/8G; e ¼H ¾G. Analisaram-se as características produção média diária de leite (PMD, número de dias em lactação (DL e produção total da lactação corrigida para 305 dias (P305, idade ao primeiro parto (IPP, período de gestação (PG e intervalo de partos (IEP. Os maiores valores de PMD e P305 foram obtidos para os animais ¾H ¼G e ½H ½G e os menores, para os animais com maior proporção da raça Gir (¼H ¾G. Os valores das características reprodutivas IPP e IEP, no entanto, foram menores para os animais ¾H ¼G.Esses resultados evidenciam a adaptação das vacas mestiças ao ambiente a que foram submetidas ou que os animais puros da raça Holandesa, em razão do estresse nutricional e/ou térmico, não expressaram todo o seu potencial genético para produção leiteira.Além disso, os dados comprovaram a importância da utilização de sistemas de cruzamento na manutenção da produção dos animais e na sua adaptação ao ambiente.Data from 1456 purebred and crossbred cows of five different crossbred groups involving the Holstein (H and Gyr (G breeds (H; ¾H ¼G; ½H ½G; ³/8H 5/8G e ¼H ¾G were used to compare their milk production and reproductive traits in the Brazilian central plateau region. The performance traits studied were: average daily milk production (DMP; lactation length (LL; total production in 305 days (P305 and age at first calving (AFC, gestation length (GL and calving interval (CI. Higher averages of DMP and P305 were observed for animals ¾H ¼G and ½H ½G and the smallest ones for crossbred animals with larger proportion of the Gyr breed (¼H ¾G. The lowest values of AFC and CI were observed for ¾H

  2. Avaliação do impacto do Programa Saúde da Família no perfil epidemiológico da população rural de Airões, município de Paula Cândido (MG, 1992-2003 Evaluation of the impact of the Family Health Program in the epidemiology profile of the rural population of Airões, city of Paula Cândido (MG, 1992-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karine de Oliveira Gomes

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available O Programa Saúde da Família (PSF, como estratégia de reorientação do modelo de atenção à saúde no país, tem promovido a substituição do modelo assistencialista e centrado na cura pela prevenção de doenças e promoção da saúde de indivíduos, famílias e comunidades, colocando a atenção básica como a porta de entrada no sistema de saúde. Este artigo tem como objetivo avaliar o impacto do PSF na comunidade rural de Airões, município de Paula Cândido, Minas Gerais, analisando sua contribuição para a evolução dos indicadores de saúde, a partir da comparação dos dados sanitários antes e depois da implantação do programa, no período de 1992 e 2003. Os dados foram coletados por meio de inquérito domiciliar, aplicados a 127 famílias selecionadas aleatoriamente na comunidade, que representavam 55,2% e 41,6% do total de famílias em 1992 e 2003, respectivamente. Após a implantação do PSF, houve um aumento de 40,4% no diagnóstico de doenças e o número de internações reduziu de 42,7% para 27,2%. A cobertura da assistência pré-natal aumentou de 30,6% para 90% e os partos domiciliares reduziram de 48,9% para 1%. Desta forma, a evolução dos dados sanitários da comunidade reforça a caracterização do PSF como uma estratégia eficiente de implementação do Sistema Único de Saúde.The Family Health Program (PSF as a redirection strategy of the healthcare model of the country has promoted the substitution of assistential and cure model for the disease prevention and health promotion of individuals as well as the families and communities, placing the primary health care as the entrance to the healthcare system. This work aims to evaluate the PSF impacting in the rural community of Airões, in the city of Paula Cândido, Minas Gerais State, analyzing its contribution to the evolution of health indicators, since the comparison of sanitary data before and after implementation of the program, in the period ranging

  3. Patterns of separation anxiety symptoms amongst pregnant women in conflict-affected Timor-Leste: Associations with traumatic loss, family conflict, and intimate partner violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silove, D M; Tay, A K; Tol, W A; Tam, N; Dos Reis, N; da Costa, Z; Soares, C; Rees, S

    2016-11-15

    Adult separation anxiety (ASA) symptoms are prevalent amongst young women in low and middle-income countries and symptoms may be common in pregnancy. No studies have focused on defining distinctive patterns of ASA symptoms amongst pregnant women in these settings or possible associations with trauma exposure and ongoing stressors. In a consecutive sample of 1672 women attending antenatal clinics in Dili, Timor-Leste (96% response), we assessed traumatic events of conflict, ongoing adversity, intimate partner violence (IPV), ASA, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and severe psychological distress. Latent Class Analysis was used to identify classes of women based on their distinctive profiles of ASA symptoms, comparisons then being made with key covariates including trauma domains of conflict, intimate partner violence (IPV) and ongoing stressors. LCA yielded three classes, comprising a core ASA (4%), a limited ASA (25%) and a low symptom class (61%). The core ASA class reported exposure to multiple traumatic losses and IPV and showed a pattern of comorbidity with PTSD; the limited ASA class predominantly reported exposure to ongoing stressors and was comorbid with severe psychological distress; the low symptom class reported relatively low levels of exposure to trauma and stressors. The study is cross-sectional, cautioning against inferring causal inferences. The core ASA group may be in need of immediate intervention given the high rate of exposure to IPV amongst this class. A larger number of women experiencing a limited array of non-specific ASA symptoms may need assistance to address the immediate stressors of pregnancy. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Políticas de língua : o ensino da língua portuguesa como instrumento de aprofundamento das relações entre Portugal (Camões IP) e Timor-Leste (2007-2013)

    OpenAIRE

    Avelar, Mário José Menino

    2014-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado em Relações Internacionais O relatório de estágio, por nós realizado no Camões IP, responde à pergunta de partida por nós formulada: como é que o ensino da língua portuguesa tem sido um instrumento de aprofundamento das relações entre Portugal e Timor ‐ Leste? No capítulo 1 enquadramos teórico e metodologicamente a temática ...

  5. Construção para o desenvolvimento: sobre a elaboração do manual de boas práticas de construção para Díli, Timor-Leste

    OpenAIRE

    Moita, Maria Valladares Pacheco

    2009-01-01

    Mestrado em Desenvolvimento, Diversidades Locais e Desafios Mundiais: Análise e Gestão A presente dissertação descreve a reflexão e a análise realizadas em torno de um projecto profissional levado a cabo entre Abril e Outubro de 2009, na OIM (Organização Internacional para as Migrações) em Timor-Leste, com o objectivo de melhorar as práticas de construção em Díli. Depois dos efeitos devastadores da crise política de 2006 e dos conflitos que se seguiram, maisde 100,000 pessoa...

  6. CLASSIFICAÇÃO E CARACTERIZAÇÃO DE ESTÁGIOS SUCESSIONAIS EM REMANESCENTES DE FLORESTA OMBRÓFILA MISTA NA FLONA DE SÃO FRANCISCO DE PAULA, RS, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artur José Soligo

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho integra o conjunto de estudos e pesquisas previstas no Projeto Ecológico de Longa Duração – PELD/CNPq, instalado FLONA de São Francisco de Paula, RS. Teve como objetivo identificar e caracterizar os diferentes estágios sucessionais de remanescentes de Floresta Ombrófila Mista. O trabalho foi realizado em dez conglomerados permanentes de 100m x 100m (10.000m2, os quais foram divididos em dez faixas de 10m x 100m (1.000m2 e estas subdivididas em dez subunidades de 10m x 10m (100m2. Para a presente pesquisa, foi sorteada uma faixa de 10m x 100m para cada conglomerado, totalizando cem subunidades amostrais (parcelas onde foram instaladas, na altura do DAP, bandas (cintas dendrométricas em todas as árvores com CAP  30cm, para medição anual dos diâmetros. A análise de agrupamento foi realizada por meio do programa Twinspan, utilizando uma matriz de dados com 99 parcelas (uma foi desconsiderada por não apresentar indivíduos com CAP  30cm tendo como variável o incremento anual em diâmetro (obtido de 2 anos de observação de 69 espécies. Obtiveram-se três grupos florísticos que indicaram estágios sucessionais na floresta: um grupo separou um estágio sucessional menos evoluído denominado de mata secundária, tendo Nectandra megapotamica e Cryptocarya aschersoniana como espécies indicadoras; um segundo grupo indicando um estágio sucessional intermediário da floresta, com Sebastiania commersoniana e Ocotea pulchella como espécies indicadoras; e um terceiro grupo constituído da floresta primária cuja espécie indicadora foi Araucaria angustifolia.

  7. Classificação e caracterização de estágios sucessionais em remanescentes de Floresta Ombrófila Mista na Flona de São Francisco de Paula, RS, Brasil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solon Jonas Longhi

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho integra o conjunto de estudos e pesquisas previstas no Projeto Ecológico de Longa Duração - PELD/CNPq, instalado FLONA de São Francisco de Paula, RS. Teve como objetivo identificar e caracterizar os diferentes estágios sucessionais de remanescentes de Floresta Ombrófila Mista. O trabalho foi realizado em dez conglomerados permanentes de 100m x 100m (10.000m2, os quais foram divididos em dez faixas de 10m x 100m (1.000m2 e estas subdivididas em dez subunidades de 10m x 10m (100m2. Para a presente pesquisa, foi sorteada uma faixa de 10m x 100m para cada conglomerado, totalizando cem subunidades amostrais (parcelas onde foram instaladas, na altura do DAP, bandas (cintas dendrométricas em todas as árvores com CAP > 30cm, para medição anual dos diâmetros. A análise de agrupamento foi realizada por meio do programa Twinspan, utilizando uma matriz de dados com 99 parcelas (uma foi desconsiderada por não apresentar indivíduos com CAP > 30cm tendo como variável o incremento anual em diâmetro (obtido de 2 anos de observação de 69 espécies. Obtiveram-se três grupos florísticos que indicaram estágios sucessionais na floresta: um grupo separou um estágio sucessional menos evoluído denominado de mata secundária, tendo Nectandra megapotamica e Cryptocarya aschersoniana como espécies indicadoras; um segundo grupo indicando um estágio sucessional intermediário da floresta, com Sebastiania commersoniana e Ocotea pulchella como espécies indicadoras; e um terceiro grupo constituído da floresta primária cuja espécie indicadora foi Araucaria angustifolia.

  8. Relación de los factores de riesgo psicosociales y el síndrome de burnout en docentes de planta de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander en el periodo del 2011-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Vélez-Laguado

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: determinar la relación entre factores psicosociales y el síndrome de burnout en los docentes de planta de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander en el periodo 2011-2012. Materiales y Métodos: La investigación desarrolló una metodología cuantitativa descriptiva, correlacional de corte transversal. La población de estudio estuvo constituida por el total de 112 profesores. La muestra del estudio es censal, sin embargo la encuesta se aplicó a 90 docentes, los cuales cumplían con los criterios de inclusión y accedieron a responderla. La recolección de la información se realizó a través del cuestionario de Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI y la Escala de Factores Psicosociales en el Trabajo Académico. Resultados: se encontró un predomino del género masculino con un 60% seguido del femenino con un 30%, la edad promedio fue de 45.5 años, predominó el estado civil casado con 71.1%, en cuanto a la formación académica el 54.44% poseen maestría, el 24,44% especialización y el 21,11% doctorado; por otro lado los resultados muestran que el 42,2% de la población puede considerarse con síndrome, pues presentan al menos una de las dimensiones quemada de las tres dimensiones del síndrome de burnout.Conclusiones: Se determinó que hay un mayor riesgo para agotamiento emocional en aquellos docentes donde la carga de trabajo, el papel académico y desarrollo de la carrera están afectados, a pesar de no existir evidencia estadística que permita concluir que hay dependencia entre estos factores psicosociales y esta dimensión.

  9. Mit i mity w filozofii Paula Feyerabenda

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    Dorian Mączka

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the usage of the concept of myth in Paul Feyerabend’s philosophy. First three parts of the paper are devoted to analysis of lectures in which Feyerabend, following Karl Popper, contrasts two philosophical attitudes: mythical dogmatism and criticism of pre-socratics. The next two parts cover Popper’s and Feyerabend’s anti-dogmatic remedies – criticism and humanism. It is shown that, although their critiques of the dogmatic form of life bear many similarities, they differ substantially on the axiological level. While Popper considers rational criticism to be the best way of opposing dangerous myths, Feyerabend uses critical rationalism as a tool that may serve this function but is not effective universally. The final part of the paper shows how Feyerabend’s usage of the concept of myth shifted in his late, more pluralistic and pragmatic works, where he regarded every human practice as a form of nature- and value-dependent myth.

  10. Summer Student Report Paula Aschenbrenner VITO

    CERN Document Server

    Aschenbrenner, Paula

    2016-01-01

    The L’APOLLINE (LAser POLarized LINE) is set up at VITO (Versatile Ion-polarized Techniques Online) beam line at ISOLDE. It will provide laser-induced spin-polarized beams of atoms or ions to an end station. In this report the L’APOLLINE setup is explained and the current status is stated. Furthermore the summer student work and the most important results are summarized. The project was mainly connected to the generation of the magnetic field in the drift tube for optical polarization. The field is created by a set of Helmholtz Coils.

  11. Wyimki prawne z "Katechizmu biblioteki" Paula Ladewiga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gębołyś Zdzisław

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents one of the forerunners of the modern public libraries in Germany, Paul Ladewig, and his views on a library contained in The Library Catechism of the public library. The legal issues presented in The Library Catechism… are discussed, in particular those related to the financing of libraries, the library organizer’s responsibilities, library management, library statute, granting access to the collections, and others.

  12. Epidemiologia das fraturas toracolombares cirúrgicas na zona leste de São Paulo Epidemiología de las fracturas toracolumbares quirúrgicas en la región Leste de São Paulo Epidemiology of thoracolumbar surgical fractures in the east side of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Cláudio Lacerda Rodrigues

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: fazer uma análise prospectiva de cem pacientes com fratura da coluna toracolombar submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico em um hospital terciário da zona leste de São Paulo. MÉTODOS: estudo prospectivo com início em Janeiro de 2006 até Julho de 2009, sendo incluído um total de 100 pacientes com fratura da coluna toracolombar submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico. Avaliou-se o sexo, a idade, o mecanismo de trauma, o déficit neurológico e o tipo de fratura. RESULTADOS: foi observado que queda de altura foi o principal fator causador deste tipo de fratura seguido de acidentes com veículos automotores. O sexo masculino foi responsável por 66% dos casos, porém não foi observada diferença entre o mecanismo de trauma e o sexo. Observamos também que a lesão neurológica apresenta relação direta com a gravidade de fratura e que a junção toracolombar é a região mais acometida. CONCLUSÃO: concluímos que a incidência de fraturas na zona leste de São Paulo é elevada e associam-se a quedas acidentais. Verifica-se que estes dados são importantes para que medidas de prevenção possam ser tomadas com vistas a diminuir a morbidade deste grave tipo de trauma.OBJETIVO: hacer un análisis prospectivo de cien pacientes con fracturas de la columna toracolumbar sometidos al tratamiento quirúrgico en un hospital de tercer nivel de la región Leste de la ciudad de São Paulo. MÉTODOS: estudio prospectivo con inicio en Enero de 2006 hasta Julio de 2009, donde fueron incluidos un total de cien pacientes con fractura de la columna toracolumbar sometidos al tratamiento quirúrgico. Se evaluaron el sexo, la edad, el mecanismo del trauma, el déficit neurológico y el tipo de fractura. RESULTADOS: fue observado que la caída de una altura fue el principal factor causante de este tipo de fractura, seguido de accidentes con vehículos automotores. El sexo masculino fue responsable por el 66% de los casos, sin embargo no fue observada una

  13. Tēli un motīvi Vladimira Novikova bērnu stāstu krājumā "Mīlestība un krēms brulē".

    OpenAIRE

    Fedjkina, Jeļena

    2017-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs ir veltīts tēlu un motīvu atklāšanai Vladimira Novikova bērnu stāstu krājumā “Mīlestība un krēms brulē”. Darba mērķis ir noteikt galvenos tēlus un motīvus no izvēlētā stāstu krājuma. Bakalaura darba autors secina, ka galvenie stāstu krājuma motīvi ir bērnības, ģimenes, skolas, skaistuma, pirmās mīlestības un draudzības motīvi, bet tēli – skolotāja un bērna tēls. Bakalaura darbs sastāv no trim daļām. Pirmajā nodaļā ir izklāstīts bērnu literatūras galvenās funkcijas un iezīmes. ...

  14. Prospecção fitoquímica de Himatanthus drasticus Plumel (Apocynaceae, da mesorregião leste maranhense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.S. Luz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available O uso indiscriminado de Himatanthus drasticus (Janaúba por pequenos caprinocultores no controle de verminose em pequenos ruminantes foi o que motivou a realização do estudo fitoquímico do mesmo. Cascas da janaúba foram coletadas na mesorregião Leste do Maranhão e conduzidas aos laboratórios de Nutrição da Universidade Estadual do Maranhão e de Produtos Naturais da Universidade Federal do Maranhão para a identificação botânica e fitoquímica pela metodologia da Prospecção Preliminar e CCD, realizando testes para as diversas classes de metabólitos secundários. A partir das cascas do vegetal moído e desidratado foi realizado o preparo do extrato bruto (EB. O material foi colocado em uma mistura hidroalcoólica de EtOH: H2O (7:3 v:v, e submetido a agitação mecânica esporádica. Os Subextratos foram obtidos a partir do EBHA pelo processo de partição líquido-líquido, ETOH: H2O (2:1, v:v. As misturas foram preparadas com os seguintes solventes orgânicos de polaridades crescentes: hexano, acetato de etila e butanol. As análises cromatográficas evidenciaram a presença de grupos de metabólitos secundários no extrato e nos subextratos. As classes de metabólitos secundários que apresentaram maior expressividade na análise de prospecção foram os alcaloides e taninos, enquanto que na analise por CCD foram os flavonoides e terpenos, indicando o potencial da ação farmacológica das cascas de H. drasticus.

  15. Modelagem do balanço hídrico em microbacia cultivada com plantio comercial de Eucalyptus grandis x urophylla no leste de Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Quintão Almeida

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, o número de plantios comerciais de espécies florestais de crescimento rápido vem aumentando consideravelmente nas últimas décadas. Contudo, os possíveis impactos desse aumento sobre os recursos hídricos ainda são desconhecidos. O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar a modelagem do balanço hídrico em uma microbacia cultivada com plantio comercial de híbridos de Eucalyptus grandis x urophylla no Leste de Minas Gerais, Brasil. O trabalho foi realizado em uma microbacia experimental com área total de 40 ha durante o ano hidrológico, compreendido entre outubro de 2009 e setembro de 2010. A principal entrada de água no sistema via precipitação pluvial e os dados meteorológicos foram coletados por uma estação automática instalada no interior da área de estudo. As principais saídas foram estimadas pela equação modificada de Penman-Monteith e pela mensuração do deflúvio gerado na saída da bacia. Do total precipitado (1.123 mm durante o ano, 9% (106 mm retornaram à atmosfera via interceptação, 66% (740 mm via transpiração da cultura e 11% (119 mm pela evaporação do solo, que somados corresponderam à aproximadamente 86% da entrada de água na microbacia. Do deflúvio total gerado (~147 mm, apenas 4,29 mm (0,4% foram convertidos em escoamento superficial. Pode-se concluir que durante o ano hidrológico monitorado o balanço entre as principais entradas e as saídas de água na microbacia foi equalizado, não comprometendo a disponibilidade hídrica natural no curso d'água.

  16. FATORES CONDICIONANTES DA CONFIGURAÇÃO DE FUNDOS DE VALE COLMATADOS NA BACIA DO ALTO-MÉDIO RIO POMBA, LESTE DE MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia Augusta Faria de Oliveira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A adoção das formações aluviais na reconstituição de eventos geomorfológicos é uma ferramenta metodológica importante para a compreensão dos processos de esculturação dos vales fluviais, da configuração espaço-temporal da rede hidrográfica e, consequentemente, da configuração do modelado do relevo no Quaternário tardio. Este trabalho investiga hipóteses sobre os fatores condicionantes que levaram à configuração de expressivos fundos de vale colmatados na bacia do Alto-Médio Rio Pomba, região leste de Minas Gerais. Os fundos de vale apresentam espessos níveis de terraços nos quais as planícies, por vezes com amplitudes anômalas, encontram-se embutidas ou encaixadas. O quadro geológico e geomorfológico regional, as idades obtidas via método de Luminescência Opticamente Estimulada (LOE para os sedimentos e a disposição de trechos de corredeira no médio Rio Pomba sugerem que a gênese dos depósitos fluviais esteve condicionada por uma tectônica diferencial de blocos durante o Quaternário tardio. A morfologia das planícies se deve à combinação de fatores antrópicos e tectônicos, além de ser influenciada pela morfologia da bacia do Rio Pomba. A datação dos depósitos aluviais via LOE se mostrou útil e adequada para mensurar a idade de episódios recentes de deposição aluvial.Palavras-chave: Dinâmica fluvial quaternária, vales colmatados, Luminescência Opticamente Estimulada (LOE.

  17. Phenology and reproductive traits of peaches and nectarines in Central-East Argentina Fenologia e comportamento reprodutivo de pêssego no centro-leste da Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norberto Francisco Gariglio

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In Santa Fe, the central-east area of Argentina, the expansion of fruit tree crops requires the introduction and evaluation of low chilling varieties. The aims of this study was to characterize the phenological behaviour and the reproductive traits of peach (Prunus persica L. Batsch and nectarine varieties with chilling requirements ranging from 150 to 650 chilling hours (CH. Low chilling varieties (500 CH. The phenology of high chilling requirement varieties had the advantage that blooming and fruit set happened after the period of late frost occurrence. However, they did not satisfy their chilling requirement, showing an inadequate vegetative and reproductive behaviour. Low chilling varieties began to sprout during July, and the period of full bloom occurred from July 14th to August 4th. Fruit harvest was initiated on October 19th with the cv. 'Flordastar' and it extended for 58 days. However, on low chilling varieties the harvest time was reduced in ten days. Flower density, fruit set and fruit yield showed a negative relationship with the chilling requirement of the variety.Na região centro-leste do estado de Santa Fé, Argentina, para a expansão dos frutais é preciso introduzir variedades de baixo requerimento de frio. O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar o comportamento durante as fases de crescimento e frutificação de variedades de pêssego (Prunus persica L. Batsch e nectarina com requerimentos de frio que variam entre 150-650 horas de frio (CH. As variedades de pêssego de baixa necessidade de frio (500 CH. As variedades de maior necessidade de frio tiveram a vantagem da floração, e o estabelecimento dos frutos aconteceu depois do período de risco de geadas. Porém, essas variedades não têm satisfeita sua necessidade de frio, apresentando comportamento vegetativo e reprodutivo inadequado. As variedades de baixa necessidade de frio brotaram entre 4 a 31 de julho e o período de plena floração aconteceu entre 14 de julho a

  18. Caracterização físico-química e enzimática de uva 'Patricia' cultivada na região de Primavera do Leste - MT Physical chemistry and enzymatic characterization of grape 'Patricia' cultivated in Primavera do Leste - MT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merce Teodora Aguil Santana

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Amostras de uva (Vitis labrusca L. cv Patrícia, produzidos na região de Primavera do Leste no Estado de Mato Grosso, foram analisadas pelos parâmetros químicos segundo a legislação: pH, sólidos solúveis (ºBrix, acidez titulável, vitamina C e atividade enzimática das enzimas polifenoloxidase (PPO; peroxidase (POD; pectinametilesterase (PME; e poligalacturonase (PG. O valor de sólidos solúveis (SS das amostras analisadas foi de 17,69 ºBrix. O valor de pH encontrado foi de 3,69. A acidez titulável (AT apresentou valor de 0,8 g de ácido tartárico/100 mL de suco. O valor de vitamina C foi de 17,54 mg/mL. A atividade enzimática da polifenoloxidase (PPO foi de 22,15 U/g/min. As atividades enzimáticas para as enzimas peroxidase (POD e poligalacturonase apresentaram valores de: 11,59 U/g/min e 3778,61 U/g/min, respectivamente. Não foram detectados valores para a atividade enzimática da pectinametilesterase (PME, nas amostras analisadas. Os parâmetros químicos analisados se encontram dentro dos padrões estabelecidos pela legislação. Pelos resultados apresentados a cultivar Patrícia apresenta um valor elevado de vitamina C e, quando em estado de maturação, apresenta valores elevados da atividade enzimática da poligalacturonase (PG.Grape samples (Vitis labrusca L. 'Patrícia', produced in the area of Primavera do Leste in the State of Mato Grosso, were analyzed by the chemical parameters according to the legislation: pH, soluble solids (ºBrix, titrable acidity, vitamin C and enzymatic activity of the polyfenoloxidase (PPO; peroxydase (POD; pectinmetylesterase (PME; and polygalacturonase (PG. The value of soluble solids (SS of the analyzed samples it was of 17.69 ºBrix. The value of found pH was of 3.69. The titrable acidity (AT showed value of 0.8 g of acid tartaric/100 mL juice. The vitamin C value was 17.54 mg/mL. The enzymatic activity of the polyfenoloxidase (PPO was 22.15 U/g/min. The enzymatic activities for the enzymes

  19. Cooperação Internacional para o Desenvolvimento e Educação: um estudo preliminar sobre os desafios e possibilidades a partir da experiência compartilhada entre Brasil e Timor-Leste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Denise Guedes

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-795X.2016v34n2p365 O presente artigo visa à sistematização dos resultados de estudos preliminares sobre os desafios e possibilidades de desenvolvimento de um trabalho de cooperação internacional compartilhada em Timor-Leste. Nesse sentido, partindo da problematização do papel da Cooperação Internacional para o Desenvolvimento nos países em desenvolvimento, tem-se como hipótese inicial que, após a restauração da independência, em 2002, e com a chegada das agências internacionais de cooperação, que aportaram em Timor-Leste com o objetivo de “ajudar” na construção do Estado-Nação, o maior desafio que o país vive é o enfrentamento da contradição entre, por um lado, atender às exigências das agências internacionais, capitaneadas pela Organização das Nações Unidas e pelo Banco Mundial, para colocar o Estado timorense e suas instituições nos trilhos da “globalização” e, por outro, defender e preservar sua identidade cultural. Portanto, com base em estudos de natureza bibliográfica, nos pressupostos teórico-metodológicos da dialética marxista e no pensamento de Paulo Freire, bem como na experiência vivida pelos autores por meio do Programa de Qualificação de Docentes e Ensino de Língua Portuguesa em Timor-Leste, conclui-se que o compromisso, a vontade política e o respeito pelas diferenças culturais entre os agentes envolvidos nas ações de cooperação são ingredientes necessários para superar os desafios e avançar na construção de uma relação de cooperação internacional compartilhada.

  20. Effects of recurrent violence on post-traumatic stress disorder and severe distress in conflict-affected Timor-Leste: a 6-year longitudinal study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silove, Derrick; Liddell, Belinda; Rees, Susan; Chey, Tien; Nickerson, Angela; Tam, Natalino; Zwi, Anthony B; Brooks, Robert; Sila, Lazaro Lelan; Steel, Zachary

    2014-05-01

    Little is known about the effect of recurrent episodes of communal violence on mental health in countries recovering from mass conflict. We report results of a 6-year longitudinal study in post-conflict Timor-Leste assessing changes in mental health after a period of communal violence. We assessed 1022 adults (600 from a rural village, 422 from an urban district) exposed to mass conflict during the Indonesian occupation after independence in 2004, and again in 2010-11, following a period of internal conflict. We took a census of all adults living at the two sites. The survey included measures of post-traumatic stress disorder, severe distress, traumatic events, poverty, ongoing conflict, and injustice. 1247 (80%) of 1554 invited adults participated in the baseline survey. 1038 (89% of those eligible) were followed up. The analysis included 1022 people who had sufficient data at baseline and follow-up. The prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder increased from 23 of 1022 (2.3%) in 2004, to 171 of 1022 (16.7%) in 2010. The prevalence of severe distress also increased, from 57 of 1022 (5.6%) in 2004, to 162 of 1022 (15.9%) in 2010. Both these outcomes were associated with disability at follow-up. Having post-traumatic stress at follow-up was associated with being a woman (odds ratio [OR] 1.63, 95% CI 1.14-2.32), experience of human rights trauma (OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.07-1.47), or exposure to murder (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.38-2.10) during the Indonesian occupation (1975-99), human rights trauma during the period of internal violence in 2006-07 (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.04-2.03), and ongoing family or community conflict (OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.15-2.80) or preoccupations with injustice for two or three historical periods (OR 4.06, 2.63-6.28). Severe distress at follow-up was associated with health stress (OR 1.47, 1.14-1.90), exposure to murder (OR 1.57, 1.27-1.95), and natural disaster (OR 1.65, 1.03-2.64) during the Indonesian occupation, conflict-related trauma during the internal

  1. Criação e exploração de uma infra-estrutura de informação geográfica em Timor-Leste

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    João Matos

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available SETTING UP AND EXPLORING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURES IN EAST TIMOR. This paper presents a report on the production and usage of Geographic Information applied in a co-operation project with Timor Leste. The project was funded by the Portuguese Government, developed by technical teams of the Technical University of Lisbon and coordinated by the group GERTiL. The work in the project resorted extensively to geographical information. The article describes the global implementation strategy, namely the definition of a co-ordinate system, the installation of a GPS permanent base-station, field surveys, remote sensing and data gathering. Different projects made use of the built infrastructure, namely a strategic development plan, the “school mapping” project, the border demarcation and other smaller projects.

  2. Evolução geologica do pre-cambriano da porção centro-leste da serra do Espigão meridional e metalogenese associada

    OpenAIRE

    Luiz Guilherme Knauer

    1990-01-01

    Resumo: A porção centro-leste da Serra do. Espinhaço Meridional é caracterizada principalmente por terrenos de idade Pré-Cambriana, incluindo seqüências do Arqueano (Complexo de Gouveia, de alto grau metamórfico, e Grupo Pedro Pereira, de baixo grau) e do Proterozóico (todas de baixo grau metamórfico: Grupo Costa Sena, Supergrupo Espinhaço sensu stricto, Seqüência Itapanhoacanga, Seqüência Serra do Sapo, Seqüência Jacem e Seqüência Serro), alem de diques e sills básicos metamorfisados em fáci...

  3. Identifying a combined construct of grief and explosive anger as a response to injustice amongst survivors of mass conflict: A latent class analysis of data from Timor-Leste.

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    Susan J Rees

    Full Text Available Previous studies have identified high rates of explosive anger amongst post-conflict populations including Timor-Leste. We sought to test whether explosive anger was integrally associated with symptoms of grief amongst the Timorese, a society that has experienced extensive conflict-related losses. In 2010 and 2011 we recruited adults (n = 2964, 18-years and older, living in an urban and a rural village in Timor-Leste. We applied latent class analysis to identify subpopulations based on symptoms of explosive anger and grief. The best fitting model comprised three classes: grief (24%, grief-anger (25%, and a low symptom group (51%. There were more women and urban dwellers in the grief and grief-anger classes compared to the reference class. Persons in the grief and grief-anger classes experienced higher rates of witnessing murder and atrocities and traumatic losses, ongoing poverty, and preoccupations with injustice for the two historical periods of conflict (the Indonesian occupation and the later internal conflict. Compared to the reference class, only the grief-anger class reported greater exposure to extreme deprivations during the conflict, ongoing family conflict, and preoccupations with injustice for contemporary times; and compared to the grief class, greater exposure to traumatic losses, poverty, family conflict and preoccupations with injustice for both the internal conflict and contemporary times. A substantial number of adults in this post-conflict country experienced a combined constellation of grief and explosive anger associated with extensive traumatic losses, deprivations, and preoccupations with injustice. Importantly, grief-anger may be linked to family conflict in this post-conflict environment.

  4. Relação entre a precipitação do leste do Nordeste do Brasil e a temperatura dos oceanos Relationship between the rainfall of the eastern Northeast of Brazil and the ocean temperature

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    Geber B. de A. Moura

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi correlacionar a precipitação (março a julho de um grupo de postos homogêneos do setor leste do Nordeste do Brasil (NEB com Anomalia de Temperatura da Superfície do Mar (ATSM e identificar áreas de influência deste parâmetro nas chuvas da região. O período de estudo foi de 1945 a 1985 e a análise mostrou influência do Atlântico e Pacífico sobre as chuvas do setor leste, sendo a correlação do Atlântico maior, principalmente na área do Dipolo (correlação maior que 0,6, significativa a p The objective of this work was to correlate the Northeast of Brazil (NEB rainfall grouped in one homogeneous cluster with the global sea surface temperature (SST anomalies. The data covered the period from 1945 to 1985 and the analyses shows that there are influences from the Atlantic and Pacific ocean over the eastern NEB's rainfall, with a higher correlation for the Atlantic, especially in the Dipole area (correlation values greater than 0.6, and p < 0.05. The 1995 Servain and Arnault meridional (Atlantic Dipole and equatorial modes were detected during several lag analyses. In the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean in the region of El Niño-3 negative correlations were found, indicating the presence of the descendant branches of the Walker cell in the sector east of the NEB.

  5. Crises cambiais e financeiras: uma comparação entre América Latina e Leste Asiático Financial and currency crises: comparing Latin America and East Asia

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    Dante Mendes Aldrighi

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo investiga as fontes de vulnerabilidade e o grau de severidade das crises cambiais e financeiras na América Latina e no Leste Asiático. Evidências obtidas a partir de um conjunto de indicadores calculados por país e por região para cada ano entre 1990 e 2004 sugerem que as economias do Leste Asiático eram potencialmente mais vulneráveis em aspectos relacionados ao setor bancário, enquanto as fragilidades das economias latino-americanas concentravam-se nos desequilíbrios fiscais e nas transações correntes do balanço de pagamentos. Por sua vez, estimativas do grau de severidade das crises mostram que, embora atenuadas na crise asiática de 1997-1998, as diferenças regionais persistiam.This article focuses on the sources of vulnerability to currency and financial crises as well as on their degree of severity in Latin American and East Asian economies. Evidence based on a number of indicators reckoned for each country and for each region for every year over the period 1990-2004 suggests that the East Asian economies were potentially more vulnerable to troubles in the banking sector, while Latin American economies' weaknesses seem to be concentrated on fiscal and current account imbalances. Furthermore, the severity crisis indicators point out that there still remained regional contrasts, lessened only during the 1997-1998 Asian crises.

  6. DINÂMICA DE RAMPA DE COLÚVIO NA SUPERFÍCIE DE PALMAS/ÁGUA DOCE DURANTE O QUATERNÁRIO TARDIO – BASES PARA COMPREENDER A EVOLUÇÃO DAS ENCOSTAS NO PLANALTO DAS ARAUCÁRIAS

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    Julio Cesar Paisani

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available O termo rampa de colúvio consiste em unidade de relevo suavemente inclinada em direção ao fundo dos vales mantida por colúvios, por vezes recobrindo terraços aluviais e reentrâncias (hollows ou depressões em anfiteatro. O presente trabalho visou determinar a dinâmica de rampa de colúvio da superfície de Palmas/Água Doce, ao longo do Quaternário Tardio, bem como tecer considerações a respeito do ambiente de encostas em superfícies de cimeira do Planalto das Araucárias, sul do Brasil. Aplicou-se a análise pedoestratigráfica em duas seções representativas dos materiais da rampa de colúvio, bem como a geocronologia (métodos 14C e LOE, análise isotópica do carbono e fitolítica. A rampa de colúvio relevou registro pedoestratigráfico caracterizado por camadas delgadas de colúvios (horizontes Cb, por vezes pedogenizadas (horizontes Ab, ACb, CAb, Bb e BCb, com importantes lacunas e truncamentos de níveis pedológicos superficiais (paleohorizontes A. Vales de drenagem de baixa ordem vizinhos às encostas sofreram colmatação durante sucessivas fases de sedimentação. A morfogênese foi contínua no setor analisado do Último Interglacial (Estágio Isotópico Marinho 3 – EIM 3 ao Holoceno (EIM 1. Os sinais isotópicos e fitolíticos sugerem que a estabilidade ambiental favorecendo a pedogênese no Último Interestadial (EIM 3 foi em detrimento de regime climático úmido e relativamente frio. Já a morfogênese registrada no Último Máximo Glacial (EIM 2 decorreu de regime climático relativamente frio e seco, pontuada por fase de flutuação para mais úmido. Enfim, para o Holoceno (EIM 1 o clima mostrou-se no geral mais quente e seco. Do ponto de vista regional, os resultados indicam que: a as rampas de colúvio são unidades geomórficas de trânsito de sedimentos entre colinas e fundo de vale de baixa ordem nas superfícies de cimeira do Planalto das Araucárias; b seus registros estratigráficos são delgados em face

  7. Biomassa microbiana e atividade enzimática em solos sob vegetação nativa e sistemas agrícolas anuais e perenes na região de Primavera do Leste (MT Microbial biomass and enzyme activities in soils under native vegetation and under annual and perennial cropping systems at the Primavera do Leste region - Mato Grosso State

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    M. Matsuoka

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Primavera do Leste é um dos pólos de produção de grãos e fibras do Mato Grosso, com lavouras altamente tecnificadas. Este estudo foi realizado num Latossolo Vermelho-Amarelo da região de Primavera, com objetivo de avaliar a biomassa e a atividade microbiana de solos sob vegetação nativa e sistemas agrícolas anuais e perenes. As amostras de solo foram coletadas em duas profundidades (0-5 e 5-20 cm, no início da estação chuvosa, em áreas sob cultivo de videira (Vitis vinifera, entrelinha e linha, cultivos anuais (soja e em uma área de vegetação nativa de Cerradão. Foram avaliados o carbono da biomassa microbiana (CBM, carbono prontamente mineralizável e as atividades das enzimas beta-glucosidase, fosfatase ácida e arilsulfatase. Nas duas profundidades avaliadas, os sistemas de uso do solo com culturas perenes e anuais apresentaram reduções médias de 70 % no CBM, em relação à área sob vegetação nativa. O manejo diferenciado na entrelinha do parreiral e a utilização do capim-pé-de-galinha (Eleusine indica, como cobertura viva, proporcionaram aumentos no C mineralizável e na atividade das enzimas beta-glucosidase e arilsulfatase nas duas profundidades. Os níveis médios de P no solo sob Cerradão resultaram em valores de atividade da fosfatase ácida inferiores aos dos observados em outros locais do Cerrado. Mesmo assim, na profundidade de 0-5 cm, a atividade da fosfatase ácida no Cerradão foi superior à da entrelinha do parreiral (VE e à da área com culturas anuais, demonstrando a sua importância na mineralização do fósforo orgânico em áreas sob vegetação nativa. Os resultados obtidos confirmaram a sensibilidade dos parâmetros microbiológicos e bioquímicos para identificar alterações no solo de acordo com os diferentes sistemas de uso da terra.Primavera do Leste is one of the most important farming areas of Mato Grosso State. This study was carried out in a Red-Yellow Latosol to evaluate the

  8. Contribuições para a Construção de Materiais Didácticos para o Ensino do Português, por Professores Timorenses, no Ensino Secundário Técnico-Vocacional de Timor-Leste

    OpenAIRE

    Baltazar, Alexandra Maria Fernandes

    2014-01-01

    A presente dissertação, inserida no âmbito do Mestrado em Português como Língua Estrangeira e Língua Segunda (PLELS), pretende apresentar um enquadramento da situação do ensino da língua portuguesa (LP) no Ensino Secundário Técnico-Vocacional (ESTV) de Timor-Leste (TL), relacionando-o com os materiais didáticos.

  9. Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, severe psychological distress, explosive anger and grief amongst partners of survivors of high levels of trauma in post-conflict Timor-Leste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silove, D M; Tay, A K; Steel, Z; Tam, N; Soares, Z; Soares, C; Dos Reis, N; Alves, A; Rees, S

    2017-01-01

    Little is known about the mental health of partners of survivors of high levels of trauma in post-conflict countries. We studied 677 spouse dyads (n = 1354) drawn from a community survey (response 82.4%) in post-conflict Timor-Leste. We used culturally adapted measures of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), psychological distress, explosive anger and grief. Latent class analysis identified three classes of couples: class 1, comprising women with higher trauma events (TEs), men with intermediate TEs (19%); class 2, including men with higher TEs, women with lower TEs (23%); and class 3, comprising couples in which men and women had lower TE exposure (58%) (the reference group). Men and women partners of survivors of higher TE exposure (classes 1 and 2) had increased symptoms of explosive anger and grief compared with the reference class (class 3). Women partners of survivors of higher TE exposure (class 2) had a 20-fold increased rate of PTSD symptoms compared with the reference class, a pattern that was not evident for men living with women exposed to higher levels of trauma (class 1). Men and women living with survivors of higher levels of trauma showed an increase in symptoms of grief and explosive anger. The manifold higher rate of PTSD symptoms amongst women living with men exposed to high levels of trauma requires replication. It is important to assess the mental health of partners when treating survivors of high levels of trauma in post-conflict settings.

  10. A new cluster-brood building species of Plebeia (Hymenoptera, Apidae from eastern Brazil Uma nova espécie de Plebeia (Hymenoptera, Apidae do leste do Brasil, com células de cria em cacho

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    Gabriel A. R. Melo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species of Plebeia, the second largest genus of stingless bees in the Neotropical region, is described from eastern Brazil. Plebeia grapiuna sp. nov., known only from the lowland forests of southern Bahia, is most similar to P. lucii Moure, a species recently described from Minas Gerais. The lack of yellow marks and the smoother integument of the frons and mesoscutum in P. grapiuna sp. nov. distinguish them. Main features of the nesting habits of the new species are described and illustrated.Uma nova espécie de Plebeia, o segundo maior gênero de meliponíneos na região Neotropical, é descrita do leste do Brasil. Plebeia grapiuna sp. nov., conhecida apenas das florestas de terras baixas do sul da Bahia, é semelhante a P. lucii Moure, uma espécie recentemente descrita de Minas Gerais. A ausência de manchas amarelas e o integumento menos rugoso da fronte e do mesoscuto em P. grapiuna sp. nov. distinguem as duas espécies. Características principais do hábito de nidificação da nova espécie são descritas e ilustradas.

  11. Eventos extremos e risco de inundação: uma análise do comportamento evolutivo dos Distúrbios Ondulatórios de Leste em junho de 2010 sobre a bacia do rio Una - Pernambuco

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    Keyla Manuela Alencar da Silva Alves

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Os Distúrbios Ondulatórios de Leste (DOL’s são perturbações dos ventos alísios que, no Nordeste do Brasil, geralmente se associam a eventos extremos de precipitação. Este trabalho analisa o comportamento evolutivo de um DOL que atingiu o Estado de Pernambuco em junho de 2010, provocando inundações e grandes prejuízos humanos e econômicos. O recorte escolhido para análise foi a bacia hidrográfica do rio Una, que teve 11 municípios afetados. A análise do evento baseou-se na interpretação de imagens GOES-12 realçadas e TRMM. Constatou-se que a análise de imagens GOES-12 isoladas não produz uma resposta eficaz, no entanto, quando associada a mais informações, chega a uma resposta concisa e de extrema importância para os estudos relacionados a eventos climáticos. Para avaliação da vulnerabilidade à inundação das diversas sedes municipais da bacia do Una, utilizou-se um estimador de densidade Kernel baseado nos valores de magnitude da rede de drenagem. Os resultados indicaram que mesmo áreas naturalmente menos vulneráveis podem ser seriamente afetadas em função do montante precipitado.

  12. Diagnóstico da situação da central de triagem e compostagem com aterro sanitário durante a operação e após a desativação no município de Planalto - RS

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    Laís Lavnitcki

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A problemática da gestão ineficiente dos resíduos sólidos urbanos no Brasil conduziu à elaboração da Lei 12.305/2010, a qual acarretou na desativação de diversos empreendimentos que não conseguiram se adequar a nova legislação. O objetivo desse estudo foi diagnosticar a situação da Central de Triagem e Compostagem com Aterro Sanitário durante sua operação e após a sua desativação no município de Planalto, a fim de verificar sua adequação a legislação vigente e as razões que conduziram a sua desativação. Diante disso, foram realizadas coletas de dados junto à prefeitura e visitas ao empreendimento antes de sua desativação, onde avaliou-se a existência de cercas, sinalização, guarita/portaria, balança, acessos, iluminação e comunicação, instalações de apoio operacional, impermeabilização da base e laterais, drenagem, coleta seletiva e educação ambiental, espalhamento e compactação do resíduo, tratamento do lixiviado, proximidade da área com nascentes e águas superficiais, presença de animais e pessoas e monitoramento da área. Após a desativação da Central de Triagem e Compostagem com Aterro Sanitário, realizou-se novamente uma visita para verificação dos seguintes parâmetros: plano de recuperação, remoção dos resíduos, recuperação executada na área, coleta e tratamento do lixiviado e gás, monitoramento e manutenção da recuperação. Verificou-se a precariedade das instalações do local durante sua operação e após sua desativação, as causas da desativação do empreendimento e as técnicas de recuperação aplicadas, sendo que a mesma se apresenta de forma insuficiente e inadequada, visto que os resíduos depositados continuam poluindo por meio do chorume gerado na decomposição dos mesmos.

  13. O ensino e a aprendizagem da leitura nos primeiros anos da escolaridade em Timor-Leste The teaching and the learning of reading in the first years of schooling in East Timor

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    Aicha Binte Umar Bassarewan

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Timor-Leste é um novo país do terceiro milênio. Enquanto nação com uma sociedade de tradição oral, e, em sua maioria, ágrafa, enfrenta muitos desafios nesta era de globalização. Tendo em consideração a importância da leitura para a vida do ser humano, o ensino e a aprendizagem da leitura das crianças timorenses devem ser trabalhados desde os primeiros anos de escolaridade, levando em conta a realidade linguística e sociocultural do país. Com um estudo de caso na Escola Pública n° 1 Nularan, em Díli, Timor-Leste, sobre o ensino e a aprendizagem da leitura, nos primeiros três anos de escolaridade, pôde-se verificar que tanto as orientações do programa curricular como os livros de referência aplicados pela escola no trabalho com os alunos não promovem o desenvolvimento da leitura reflexiva nem estimulam situações em que a criança possa expor suas ideias ou comunicar-se tendo o texto para uma discussão coletiva. Dessa forma, sugere-se o acompanhamento e a avaliação constantes do processo de ensino e aprendizagem da leitura nas escolas primárias e do investimento tanto na formação dos recursos humanos quanto na melhoria de materiais didáticos e na infraestrutura das escolas. É de notar que não basta constar na Constituição e nas leis; o importante é a ação das entidades competentes na concretização do ensino de qualidade ao timorense como sujeito ativo nas invenções e nos saberes para que tenha acesso a uma vida melhor para si e para a comunidade da qual faz parte.East Timor is a new country of the Third Millennium. As a nation with a largely illiterate society of strong oral traditions, it faces many challenges in an era of globalization. Considering the importance of reading to human life, its teaching and learning must be developed from the first years of schooling of East Timorean children, taking into account the socio-cultural and linguistic reality of the country. A case study at Nularan Public

  14. Molluscicidal activities of medicinal plants from eastern China against Oncomelania hupensis, the intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum Atividades moluscicida de plantas medicinais do leste da China contra Oncomelania hupensis, o hospedeiro intermediário da Schistosoma japonicum

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    Bang-xing Han

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In a search for natural products that could be used to control schistosomiasis, nineteen extracts of eleven medicinal plants from eastern China have been tested for molluscicidal activity against snail Oncomelania hupensis. The n-butanol fraction of the fresh leaf from Buddleja lindleyana Fortune, Buddlejaceae, showed significant activity against the snails. Statistical analysis revealed that the LC50 and LC90 values for the n-butanol fraction were 39.91 mg L-1 and 59.28 mg L-1 for 48 h, respectively. Otherwise, the LC50 values for the n-butanol fraction to zebrafish was 403.24 mg L-1 for 48 h. Therefore, the n-butanol fraction of the fresh leaf from B. lindleyana may be a potent and safe molluscicides.Na busca por produtos naturais que podem ser utilizados para controle da esquistossomose, dezenove extratos de onze plantas medicinais do leste da China foram testados para atividade moluscicida contra o caramujo Oncomelania hupensis. A fração n-butanol das folhas frescas de Buddleja lindleyana Fortune, Buddlejaceae, mostrou atividade significativa contra os caracóis. A análise estatística revelou que os valores de CL50 e CL90 para a fração n-butanol foram 39,91 mg L-1 e 59,28 mg L-1 por 48 h, respectivamente. Por outro lado, a CL50 para a fração n-butanol para peixe-zebra foi 403,24 mg L-1 por 48 h. Portanto, a fração n-butanol das folhas frescas de B. lindleyana poderá vir a ser um moluscicidas potente e seguro.

  15. A cluster-randomised controlled trial integrating a community-based water, sanitation and hygiene programme, with mass distribution of albendazole to reduce intestinal parasites in Timor-Leste: the WASH for WORMS research protocol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nery, Susana Vaz; McCarthy, James S; Traub, Rebecca; Andrews, Ross M; Black, Jim; Gray, Darren; Weking, Edmund; Atkinson, Jo-An; Campbell, Suzy; Francis, Naomi; Vallely, Andrew; Williams, Gail; Clements, Archie

    2015-01-01

    Introduction There is limited evidence demonstrating the benefits of community-based water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes on infections with soil-transmitted helminths (STH) and intestinal protozoa. Our study aims to contribute to that evidence base by investigating the effectiveness of combining two complementary approaches for control of STH: periodic mass administration of albendazole, and delivery of a community-based WASH programme. Methods and analysis WASH for WORMS is a cluster-randomised controlled trial to test the hypothesis that a community-based WASH intervention integrated with periodic mass distribution of albendazole will be more effective in reducing infections with STH and protozoa than mass deworming alone. All 18 participating rural communities in Timor-Leste receive mass chemotherapy every 6 months. Half the communities also receive the community-based WASH programme. Primary outcomes are the cumulative incidence of infection with STH. Secondary outcomes include the prevalence of protozoa; intensity of infection with STH; as well as morbidity indicators (anaemia, stunting and wasting). Each of the trial outcomes will be compared between control and intervention communities. End points will be measured 2 years after the first albendazole distribution; and midpoints are measured at 6 months intervals (12 months for haemoglobin and anthropometric indexes). Mixed-methods research will also be conducted in order to identify barriers and enablers associated with the acceptability and uptake of the WASH programme. Ethics and dissemination Ethics approval was obtained from the human ethics committees at the University of Queensland, Australian National University, Timorese Ministry of Health, and University of Melbourne. The results of the trial will be published in peer-reviewed journals presented at national and international conferences, and disseminated to relevant stakeholders in health and WASH programmes. This study is funded

  16. Trypanosoma vivax infection dynamics in a cattle herd maintained in a transition area between Pantanal lowlands and highlands of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil Dinâmica de infecção de Trypanosoma vivax em rebanho bovino mantido numa área de transição entre o Pantanal e o planalto de Mato Grosso do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles F. Martins

    2008-01-01

    ção entre Pantanal baixo e planalto do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul para determinar a dinâmica de infecção do T. vivax e o risco de surto. Três grupos experimentais foram formados: Grupo 1; composto por vacas parasitologicamente negativas no teste de Woo e no exame sorológico de imunoadsorção enzimática para detecção de anticorpos contra T. vivax (Tv-ELISA-Ab; Grupo 2, vacas negativas parasitológicamente e com reação positiva no Tv-ELISA-Ab; e no Grupo 3, positivas parasitologicamente e no Tv-ELISA-Ab. Durante 24 meses o deslocamento das vacas entre esses grupos experimentais foi determinado pelo monitoramento mensal realizado pelo teste de Woo e Tv-ELISA-Ab. Durante esse período a população de tabanídeos na área experimental foi determinada e as maiores populações ocorreram no período das chuvas. Parasitemias de T. vivax foram detectadas apenas nas quatro primeiras amostragens do período experimental, apesar da elevação de incidência determinada sorológicamente tenha ocorrido no período seco do ano. Portanto, T. vivax foi endêmico no rebanho e a ausência de manifestação clínica sugere que os bovinos sejam tripanotolerantes e o risco de surto seja nulo nas condições em que o experimento foi executado, pois a manifestação clínica da doença esta associada à presença de parasitemia.

  17. A cluster-randomised controlled trial integrating a community-based water, sanitation and hygiene programme, with mass distribution of albendazole to reduce intestinal parasites in Timor-Leste: the WASH for WORMS research protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nery, Susana Vaz; McCarthy, James S; Traub, Rebecca; Andrews, Ross M; Black, Jim; Gray, Darren; Weking, Edmund; Atkinson, Jo-An; Campbell, Suzy; Francis, Naomi; Vallely, Andrew; Williams, Gail; Clements, Archie

    2015-12-30

    There is limited evidence demonstrating the benefits of community-based water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes on infections with soil-transmitted helminths (STH) and intestinal protozoa. Our study aims to contribute to that evidence base by investigating the effectiveness of combining two complementary approaches for control of STH: periodic mass administration of albendazole, and delivery of a community-based WASH programme. WASH for WORMS is a cluster-randomised controlled trial to test the hypothesis that a community-based WASH intervention integrated with periodic mass distribution of albendazole will be more effective in reducing infections with STH and protozoa than mass deworming alone. All 18 participating rural communities in Timor-Leste receive mass chemotherapy every 6 months. Half the communities also receive the community-based WASH programme. Primary outcomes are the cumulative incidence of infection with STH. Secondary outcomes include the prevalence of protozoa; intensity of infection with STH; as well as morbidity indicators (anaemia, stunting and wasting). Each of the trial outcomes will be compared between control and intervention communities. End points will be measured 2 years after the first albendazole distribution; and midpoints are measured at 6 months intervals (12 months for haemoglobin and anthropometric indexes). Mixed-methods research will also be conducted in order to identify barriers and enablers associated with the acceptability and uptake of the WASH programme. Ethics approval was obtained from the human ethics committees at the University of Queensland, Australian National University, Timorese Ministry of Health, and University of Melbourne. The results of the trial will be published in peer-reviewed journals presented at national and international conferences, and disseminated to relevant stakeholders in health and WASH programmes. This study is funded by a Partnership for Better Health--Project grant from the National

  18. Biogeochemical characteristics of sedimenting particles in Dona Paula Bay, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    DeSouza, F.P.; Garg, A.; Bhosle, N.B.

    with distilled water and drying the filter in an oven at 50 C14 C for 24h. The filter was then cooled and weighed. Average of the two TPM values obtained for the duplicate traps is presented. Particulate biogenic silica was extracted with 0.05% Na 2 CO 3... The monosaccharide composition of the sedimented particulate matter was determined by the capillary gas chromatographictechniquedescribedbyBhosle,Prabha, andWagh(1990) andBhosle,Evans,andEdyean(1993). Briefly, the sedimented particulate matter was treated with 72% H...

  19. Bacterial flora of Dona Paula, India using numerical profiles

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    LokaBharathi, P.A.; Nair, S.; Chandramohan, D.

    ). 4) C. E. Shannon and W. Weaver: The math· ematical theory of communication, 1949 Universi·· ty of Illinois Press. 5) R. Margalef: in "Perspective in Ecological Theory" University of Chicago Press, Chicago,. 1968. 6) E. C. Pielou: J. Theor. Bioi., 13...

  20. Wyobraźnia wzrokowa Paula Celana - das Aug, dunkel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grzegorz Nowakowski

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The article "The Visual Imagination of Paul Celan - das Aug, dunkel" raises the problem of the poet's search for language and "the place, from where you can see the best perspective". It shows the number of methodological dilemmas which inevitably result from analysing the visual imagination. It speaks of "the eye" understood as the crucial element of Celan's poetics. The author questions in his article the common percepcion of Celan as a poet of Shoah (as if shifting the momentum to the eye. The eye, reduced in the very grammatical form of the word (Auge is turned into Aug, gives the unity to Celan's work. The eye, the restless wanderer, accompanies this poetry from the first to the last poem. The author of the article ventures to elucidate various aspects of the use of the organ of vision in Celan's poetry and draws a conclusion that the consistent theory of visual perception is central to Celan's work.

  1. Informe científico de investigador: Aphalo, Paula (2013)

    OpenAIRE

    Aphalo, Paula

    2013-01-01

    Como punto de partida, se preparon aislados de amaranto por extracción acuosa en medio alcalino (pH 9) y posterior precipitación isoeléctrica (pH 5), según el procedimiento utilizado comúnmente en nuestro laboratorio (Martínez y Añón, 1996). Se determinó la solubilidad de los aislados, en dos buffers: a) con elevada fuerza iónica (K2HPO4 32,5 mM, KH2PO4 2,6 mM con NaCl 0,4M pH 7,5) y b) de baja fuerza iónica (K2HPO4 33,3 mM, KH2PO4 1,7 mM pH 8,5), en ambos la solubilidad fue cercana al 80%. L...

  2. Ekonomia dla emancypacji: doktryny gospodarcze w Instytucie Paula Freirego

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Stańczyk

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this article is to reconstruct economic doctrines of the Institute of Paulo Freire which is well known for being one of the most important centres of emancipatory education. Researchers associated with Freire’s critical philosophy of education overcome the impasse of critical theory by inventing alternative economy solutions instead of elaborating neverending criticism of capitalist economy. The article discusses positive economic program of Freire’s Institutes which includes people’s economy of solidarity and inclusive hegemony of public policies.

  3. Considerações gerais sôbre a vegetação do Estado de Goiás: notas preliminares sôbre a fitosociologia do Planalto Central do Brasileiro Preliminary observations on the vegetation of Goiás

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique P. Veloso

    1948-03-01

    Full Text Available Em junho de 1947, fomos convidados pelo general DEJALMA POLY COELHO, chefe da Comissão de Estudos do Planalto Central Brasileiro, para colaborarmos com o Grupo de Geógrafos chefiado pelo Prof. FRANCIS RUELLAN, a quem foi confiada parte dos trabalhos para a localização de novo Distrito Federal da República. A Diretoria do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, nos incumbiu então de estudar as condições fito-ecológicas de trechos do Estado de Goiás, paralelamente às observações bio-geográficas que teríamos de realizar para a Comissão. Desde 1945 que vimos observando, em viagens, a vegetação do tipo Cerrado, nos Estados de São Paulo, Minas Gerais e Mato Grosso, Outrossim, em notas já publicadas sôbre a vegetação dos Estados de Mato Grosso e Minas Gerais, tivemos a oportunidade de apreciar, ligeiramente, a importãncia do Cerrado como uma climática e o papel que o mesmo desempenha na configuração bio-geográfica do brasil. Queremos salientar, mais uma vez, a grande necessidade que temos de estudar determinados pontos de outras regiões, para podermos apresentar um trabalho ecológico sôbre o Cerrado brasileiro que, apesar de muito bem conhecido sob o ponto de vista da Sistemática, é quase desconhecido quanto ao papel das espécies dentro das associações e sias reações aos habitats. Com os dados ecológicos que possuíamos e com os estudos que realizamos no Estado de Goiás, sòmente nos falta obter uma visão mais ampla das formações e fazer alguns levantamentos sociológicos nas associações do Cerrado dos Estados de São Paulo, Minas Gerais e Baía para completarmos assim, a nossa monografia sôbre a vegetação do Centro Oeste do Brasil. Na apresentação desta nota não poderiamos deixar de agradecer ao Prof. ALFREDO PORTO DOMINGUES e aos componentes do Grupo pos, recebemos contribuição valiosa de todos, que muito fizeram para o bom andamento dos trabalhos de campo. Expressamos também nossos agradecimentos a quantos

  4. Kiriku ülestõstmisest / Veronika Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valk, Veronika, 1976-

    2011-01-01

    Kiriku korrastamiseks ja tööshoidmiseks napib tihti raha. Eesti luteri kogudused vajavad abi. Uutest kirikukelladest Eestis, kellamängudest. Näiteid nüüdiskunstist mahajäetud kirikutes. Melbourne´i festivali raames 2010. a. näitas Bill Viola oma videokunsti Parkville´i St. Carthage´i katoliku kirikus. Londonis 2006. a. Michael Crossi kirikusse loodud teosest "Bridge". Briti kunstnike Heather Ackroydi ja Dan Harvey poolt Dilston Grove'i kirikusse Londonis 2003. a. loodud vertikaalse murukasvatuse projektist

  5. Timor-Leste Economic Report, March 2018

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank Group

    2018-01-01

    Gross domestic product (GDP)1 growth is expected to have fallen sharply in 2017 to a projected -1.8 percent from 5.3 percent the year before. This contraction is driven by a reversal of trend in government spending. In the last six months, the political impasse has worsened, with the President declaring a ‘serious institutional crisis’ and dissolving Parliament in January 2018. The current...

  6. Pre-Deployment Handbook: Timor-Leste

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    rates of youth unemployment and low school attendance, group activities provide purpose and a sense of inclusion. Popular activities include sport ...soccer, basketball and volleyball are the most popular), art and music. Sport is a great way to engage with the local population. Many youth activities...whales and pilot whales are to be found on the north coast. The large coral reefs mean that there is potential for eco tourism , including game

  7. Agentes comunitários de saúde da zona leste do município de São Paulo: um olhar para seu estado nutricional e consumo alimentar - doi:10.5020/18061230.2008.p3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexanndra Corrêa de Freitas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Caracterizar o perfil sócio-demográfico, o estado nutricional, a presença de doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis e o consumo alimentar de agentes comunitários de saúde (ACS pertencentes a cinco Unidades de Saúde da Família da Zona Leste do Município de São Paulo. Métodos: Tratou-se de um estudo quantitativo, descritivo e exploratório desenvolvido com 88 indivíduos. Coletaram-se dados sobre a situação sócio-demográfica, dados antropométricos(peso, estatura e circunferência da cintura, informações sobre presença de doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis e de consumo alimentar. Resultados: Os participantes dessa pesquisa eram predominantemente do sexo feminino 83 (94,3%, com idade variável entre 20 e 55 anos. A maioria era natural da região Sudeste 72 (81,2%, possuía ensino médio concluído 71 (80,7% e tinha renda familiar entre 2 e 5 salários mínimos 62 (70,4%. A avaliação antropométrica revelou que 46 (52,3% estavam eutróficos, 41 (46,6% com excesso de peso e 41 (46,6% apresentavam risco elevado ou muito elevado para doenças cardiovasculares, apesar de 77 (87,5% não terem referido qualquer doença crônica não-transmissível. Quanto ao consumo alimentar, encontrou-se consumo diário de arroz, feijão, pão e margarina ou manteiga e baixo consumo de leite e derivados, frutas, verduras e legumes. As carnes bovina e de frango eram as mais consumidas. O café apareceu como bebida de maior consumo diário, seguido do suco artificial. As frituras e doces eram consumidos semanalmente por 34,9% e 53,4% dos ACS, respectivamente. Conclusão: O excesso de peso e a obesidade abdominal foram os principais acometimentos à saúde dos ACS, tendo, ambos, estreita relação com suas práticas alimentares inadequadas; as quais também estavam relacionadas às suas características sócio-demográficas. NCT00682604.

  8. Impactos do avanço da soja no balanço de radiação no leste da Amazônia Impacts of soybean expansion on radiation balance in eastern Amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Jorge de Oliveira Ponte de Souza

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O desmatamento da Amazônia, em especial para o uso da pecuária, tem sido explorado por diversos pesquisadores, os quais têm apontado como conseqüência, sérios problemas ambientais. O contínuo avanço da fronteira agrícola sobre as áreas de pecuária na Amazônia, e mesmo sobre áreas nativas, merece atenção pelo fato de poucos estudos terem sido realizados com o intuito de investigar quais os prováveis impactos ambientais da presença da monocultura da soja na região. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar os impactos nos componentes do balanço de radiação devido à nova mudança no uso da terra em uma área de avanço da fronteira agrícola no leste da Amazônia. Realizaram-se experimentos micrometeorológicos no município de Paragominas-PA em uma área de cultivo de soja (Glycine max (L. Merrill e em uma área do ecossistema florestal localizada na Floresta Nacional de Caxiuanã em Melgaço-PA nos anos de 2006 e 2007. Durante o ciclo da soja o impacto médio encontrado representou uma redução 17,9% no saldo de radiação em relação ao ecossistema de floresta natural. Durante a entressafra observou-se um impacto negativo no saldo de radiação de 15,5%. Os principais forçantes deste impacto foram o maior albedo da soja e a perda de radiação de onda longa em relação à cobertura original. Ressalta-se que apesar do maior impacto ocorrer durante o ciclo da cultura, o tempo de ocorrência deste impacto negativo restringe-se a apenas 1/3 do ano, o que, implica em maior impacto da entressafra no saldo de energia em termos cumulativos.The deforestation of the Amazon, especially for pasture use, has been explored by several researchers who have pointed out as a consequence, serious environmental problems. The continuous expansion of agriculture on areas of cattle ranching in the Amazon, as well as on native areas, must be seen with caution since few studies have been conducted in order to investigate which probable

  9. Erosão hídrica pós-plantio em florestas de eucalipto na bacia do rio Paraná, no leste do Mato Grosso do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Moreira Cândido

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Nas regiões tropicais, o desgaste provocado no solo por ação das águas da chuva, ou seja, a erosão hídrica é a mais importante forma de degradação do solo. Visto que os plantios florestais de eucalipto estão inseridos em ecossistemas sensíveis às perturbações antrópicas em razão de ocorrência de plantações em solos com baixos teores de argila, com baixa fertilidade natural e grande parte das plantações estabelecidas em antigas áreas agrícolas e de pastagens degradadas, surge a necessidade do entendimento dos processos que regem a erosão hídrica e suas relações com as perdas de solo e água nos sistemas florestais. Objetivaram-se com este trabalho calcular os valores de erosividade da chuva (fator R - EI30, estimar a tolerância de perda de solo (T para as classes representativas nas áreas de estudo, avaliar as perdas de solo e água por erosão hídrica e verificar a influência, por meio de análise de componentes principais (ACP, de atributos físicos e matéria orgânica do solo sobre a erosão hídrica em florestas de eucalipto no estádio de pós-plantio. Os tratamentos constituíram de diferentes sistemas de manejo dos resíduos e da disposição de plantio (nível e desnível, em dois biomas distintos, Cerrado e Floresta, e solo descoberto. Os solos foram classificados como Latossolo Vermelho distrófico típico textura média-alta fase floresta (LVd1 e Latossolo Vermelho distrófico típico textura média-baixa fase cerrado (LVd2. O estudo foi realizado em áreas experimentais de plantio de eucalipto localizadas no município de Três Lagoas, na bacia do Rio Paraná, no leste do Mato Grosso do Sul. O índice de erosividade anual obtido foi de 6.792,7 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 ano-1. Os valores de T variaram de 9,0 a 11,0 Mg ha-1 ano-1, para o LVd2 e LVd1, respectivamente. As perdas de solo apresentaram valores em torno de 0 a 0,505 Mg ha-1 no LVd1 e de 0 a 0,853 Mg ha-1, no LVd2. A ACP evidenciou-se eficiente na

  10. Relação da granulometria do solo e morfologia do saprolito com a infiltração de água em Neossolos Regolíticos do rebordo do Planalto do Rio Grande do Sul Relationship between soil size particle distribution and saprolite morphology with water infiltration in Neossolos Regolíticos (Regossols in the Rio Grande do Sul Plateau edge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidinei Leandro Klöckner Stürmer

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Os Neossolos Regolíticos apresentam baixo potencial de uso devido a sua pequena profundidade efetiva, à presença de pedregosidade/rochosidade, ao contato lítico próximo à superfície e à ocorrência frequente em terrenos declivosos. Análises mais detalhadas são necessárias para a melhor interpretação desses solos, visto que a filtragem da água de percolação, retenção de solutos e fluídos e sua possível transformação são de interesse ambiental. Nesse sentido, este estudo gerou informações sobre a infiltração de água em cinco áreas de Neossolos Regolíticos, na região do Rebordo do Planalto do Rio Grande do Sul. Para cada área foram descritos e analisados três perfis, sendo a infiltração de água determinada pelo método dos duplos anéis concêntricos. Mesmo com idêntica classificação taxonômica até o quarto nível categórico, os Neossolos apresentaram variações no seu comportamento hídrico, inclusive quando comparados entre os perfis do mesmo ponto de coleta. Os dados sugerem que a infiltração, nesses Neossolos, é influenciada pela configuração de fraturas do saprolito, granulometria, condições de relevo e uso do solo.Neossolos Regolíticos (Regosols are fragile from a natural resource perspective because of their small depth, stones and/or rocks presence, near surface lithic contact, fractures in saprolite and frequent occurrence in steep slopes. These soils requires more specific analysis for a better interpretation of their capacity to filtrate water, retain and transform solute and fluids, contributing to the maintenance of the water quality that reaches the groundwater. In that sense, this study generates information on water infiltration in five areas from the the Rio Grande do Sul plateau edge. Three profiles were described and analyzed for each Regosol and the water infiltration was performed whit the double rings method. Even showing the same taxonomic classification, the Regosols showed

  11. Soil formation in high elevation and permafrost areas in the Qinghai Plateau (China Edafogénesis en zonas elevadas y con permafrost en el Plateau Qunghai (China Formação do solo em áreas de elevada altitude e em ambientes"permafrost" do planalto de Qinghai Plateau (China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joselito Arocena

    2012-07-01

    ñas Kunlun del Qinghai (Tibet Plateau, China. Se recogieron veintiséis muestras de tres perfiles desarrollados sobre pizarras ricas en carbonatos y areniscas cuarcíticas, que fueron analizadas para determinar sus propiedades físicas, químicas y mineralógicas. Los resultados mostraron que los procesos de formación del suelo apenas tienen lugar en la zona de estudio, evidenciados por el pH > 7,0 que refleja una limitada descarbonatación,baja actividad biológica (<1,0% C total y < 0,05% N total ,y podsolización (< 1 g Fep+Alp kg-1 suelo e iluviación limitadas. Las cantidades relativas de mica y caolinita no mostraron variaciones aparentes en profundidad, lo que sugiere una mínima transformación y translocación de filosilicatos. La transformación mineral más aparente se mostró por la presencia de escamas micáceas y fragmentos feldespáticos, posiblemente debidos a estrés térmico. También se observaron revestimientos de calcita en fragmentos de pizarra. Los suelos se clasificaron como Criosoles (World Reference Base y Gelisoles (Soil Taxonomy, con un epipedón ócrico como único horizonte de diagnóstico, indicando poca evolución de los suelos debido a ambiente frío y árido. Los resultados de este estudio muestran que los procesos de formación de suelo en ambientes severos se manifiestan por la alteración mecánica de minerales como las micas y los feldespatos.

    O sistema solo ganha e perde continuamente massa e energia mesmo em áreas em que o clima é demasiado severo para o desenvolvimento das plantas tais como áreas de elevada altitude e ambientes "permafrost". O objectivo deste trabalho foi esclarecer a formação do solo a uma altitude de 4700 m nas Montanhas de Kunlun (Tibete no Planalto de Qinghai (China. Recolheram-se 26 amostras de três pedons desenvolvidos em ardósias carbonatadas e materiais areníticos quartzozos. As amostras foram submetidas a uma análise de rotina para

  12. Relação entre a precipitação no setor leste do nordeste do Brasil e a temperatura da superfície nos oceanos Atlântico e Pacífico Relationship between the rainfall in eastern Northeast Brazil and the sea surface temperature in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geber Barbosa de A. Moura

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se, com este estudo, relacionar a precipitação no setor leste do Nordeste do Brasil (NEB com a Temperatura da Superfície do Mar (TSM nos oceanos Atlântico (área do Dipolo e Pacífico, no período de 1945 a 1985. Através dessa análise pode-se ter uma idéia de como os episódios com anomalias de TSM influenciam na pluviometria da costa leste do NEB (que se estende do Rio Grande do Norte à Bahia. Os resultados mais significativos foram os seguintes: em anos com gradiente de temperatura negativo no Atlântico, aqui também chamado gradiente desfavorável, as chuvas ocorreram abaixo da média de longo período nos estados do Rio Grande do Norte (84% e Paraíba (74%; em anos com gradiente de temperatura neutro, as chuvas foram normais ou acima do normal na Paraíba (73%; em anos com gradiente de temperatura positivo no Atlântico, aqui também chamado gradiente favorável, as chuvas ocorreram na média e acima da média de longo período, nos Estados de Alagoas (73%, Sergipe (73% e Bahia (73%.The main purpose of this study was to relate the rainfall in eastern Northeast Brazil (NEB with the sea surface temperature (SST in the Atlantic (Dipole area and Pacific oceans during the 1945-1985 period. This analysis shows how anomalous SST events influence precipitation in the eastern part of NEB, from the states of Rio Grande do Norte through to Bahia. The main significant results were: in years with a negative temperature gradient in the Atlantic, the rainfall was below the long term mean in Rio Grande do Norte (84% and Paraíba (74%; in years with neutral gradient, the rainfall was normal or above normal in Paraíba (73%; in years with positive temperature gradient (south minus north, hereby called favorable gradient, the rainfall was above the long term mean, in Alagoas (73%, Sergipe (73% and Bahia (73%.

  13. Los cuerpos y sus marcas socio-étnicas: futbol, identidades e historia en los valles orientales de Jujuy (Argentina Os corpos e suas marcas socioétnicas: futebol, identidades e história em valles leste de Jujuy (Argentina The bodies and their socio-ethnic brands: football, identities and history in the valleys east of Jujuy (Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Fernández

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Producto de una pesquisa etnográfica desarrollada durante cuatro años (2007-2010 en los valles orientales de la Provincia de Jujuy (Argentina, este articulo tiene por objeto analizar una serie de procesos históricos de larga duración dentro de un área de estudio particular, con el propósito de establecer las coordenadas estructurales que permitieron configurar las relaciones entre: las nociones socio-históricas sobre los cuerpos, las categorizaciones socio-étnicas regionales dominantes, y las identificaciones grupales más sentidas entre los jugadores y simpatizantes del fútbol practicado entre los pueblos Vallistos.Produto de uma investigação etnográfica desenvolvida durante quatro anos (2007-2010 nos vales leste da província de Jujuy (Argentina, este artigo pretende discutir uma série de processos históricos de longa duração em uma área de estudo particular, para estabelecer as coordenadas estruturais que permitiram configurar as relações entre: noções sócio-históricas de corpos, as categorizações socioétnicas regionais dominantes e as identificações de grupo mais profundas entre os jogadores e simpatizantes do futebol praticado entre os povos Vallistos.Product of an ethnographic research developed during four years (2007-2010 in the East valleys of the province of Jujuy (Argentina, this article aims to discuss historical processes in a particular case, in order to establish the structure that allowed to configure relations between: socio-historical notions of "bodies", the dominant regional socio-ethnic categorizations and the deepest identity between players and supporters (hooligans of football practiced among the "Vallistos" people.

  14. Produção e atributos de qualidade de cultivares de macieira nas condições subtropicais da região Leste paulista Production and quality attributes of apple tree cultivars in subtropical conditions at eastern of São Paulo state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edvan Alves Chagas

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar o desempenho adaptativo, produtivo e atributos de qualidade de cultivares de macieira nas condições subtropicais da região leste paulista. Para tal, um ensaio de competição de cultivares foi implantado no município de Jundiaí, SP, com sete cultivares ('Eva', 'Condessa', 'Princesa', 'Rainha', 'Imperial Gala', 'Daiane', e 'Baronesa'. O experimento foi implantado em 2006, no espaçamento de 3,0mx1,5m, com mudas enxertadas no porta-enxerto Marubakaido e interenxerto M9. As avaliações foram realizadas em dois ciclos produtivos (2008/09 e 2009/10, analisando-se os aspectos fenológicos, produtivos e atributos de qualidade do fruto. As cultivares de macieira 'Eva', 'Baronesa' e 'Princesa' apresentaram maior produção de frutos. A cultivar 'Baronesa' apresentou atributos de qualidade mais adequados ao consumo ao natural, com menor acidez titulável e boa firmeza de polpa e ratio mais elevado.These research aimed evaluate the production and quality attributes of apple tree cultivars in subtropical conditions at eastern of São Paulo state. For such, an assay of competition among cultivars was implanted in the Jundiaí city, SP, with seven cultivars ('Eva', 'Condessa', 'Princesa', 'Rainha', 'Imperial Gala', 'Daiane', and 'Baronesa'. The experiment was implanted in 2006, the spacing was 3,0mx1,5m, and the plants were grafting in Marubakaido roostock and M9 inter-grafting. The evaluations had been carried through in two production cycle (2008/09 and 2009/10, the phenological stage, productive aspects and fruit quality attributes were evaluated. 'Eva', 'Baronesa' and 'Princesa' showed higher productive performance. The 'Baronesa' apple presented fruit quality attributes most suitable for the fresh market, i.e., lower acidity and good firmness, and the highest ratio.

  15. Pertinencia de la gammagrafía de tiroides en un servicio de medicina nuclear de referencia del oriente colombiano / Pertinence of Thyroid Scan in a Nuclear Medicine Department in Eastern Colombia / Relevância da cintilografia da tireóide em um centro de referência de medicina nuclear no leste colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liset Sánchez-Ordúz, MD.

    2015-03-01

    used in the study of thyroid diseases. It is recommended to perform it in patients presenting thyrotoxicosis, thyroid nodules with indeterminate cytology and when diagnosing ectopic thyroid. Our objective was to determine the pertinence of ordering thyroid scan in a nuclear medicine department in eastern Colombia. Methodology: Observational, retrospective, and cross-sectional descriptive study. Thyroid scans including relevant variables performed in the nuclear medicine department at Carlos Ardila Lulle hospital were evaluated during 3 consecutive months. The indication of the study, academic background of physician requesting the test, patient’s gender, concomitant presence of TSH with its respective value, and intake of Levothyroxine before test. Test results were also taken into account. Results: Out of the 277 performed scans, 244 (88% were women. 67% of them were not correctly indicated, and 32% of these patients were taking hormonal supplements, which was suspended 25 days before performing the test. General practitioners and consultants without specialization in endocrinology have a 9.08 and 9.37 probability respectively, of not indicating correctly the thyroid scan compared to endocrinologists. Conclusions: Two out of 3 thyroid scans performed in a nuclear medicine department in Eastern Colombia are not correctly indicated, producing a big impact in public health. [Sánchez-Orduz L, Wandurraga-Sánchez EA, García RE, Camacho PA. Pertinence of Thyroid Scan in a Nuclear Medicine Department in Eastern Colombia. MedUNAB 2015; 17(3: xx-xx]. Introdução: A cintilografia da tireóide é um teste muito usado no estudo de doenças da glândula tireóide. O monitoramento é recomendado em doentes com tireotoxicose, nódulos de tireóide com citologia indeterminada e suspeita de tireóide ectópica. Objetivo: Nosso objetivo foi determinar a pertinência do pedido de cintilografia da tireóide em um centro de referência de medicina nuclear no leste da Col

  16. Distúrbios ondulatórios de leste (DOLs na região do centro de lançamento de Alcântara-MA Easterly waves disturbance (DOLs at the region of Alcântara Launching Center-MA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane De Castro Coutinho

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo foi realizada uma climatologia dos Distúrbios Ondulatórios de Leste (DOLs que passaram pela região de Alcântara-MA, no período de 1988 a 1997, utilizando-se de um método baseado na mudança do sinal da componente meridional do vento (V. Este método foi aplicado para 3 camadas distintas (entre 850 a 700 hPa, entre 700 e 500 hPa e entre 850 a 500 hPa, objetivando identificar a camada que melhor indicasse a ocorrência dos DOLs. Após a identificação dos eventos de DOLs, estes foram confirmados por um conjunto de dados independentes de cobertura de nuvens (dados ISCCP e imagens infravermelho de satélites GOES-E e pelos espectros de potência da componente meridional do vento usando as re-análises do ECMWF. Ocorreram eventos de DOLs durante todo o ano com duração de tempo variando de 3 a 6 dias. Esse método mostrou-se adequado para caracterizar os eventos de DOLs e que, durante a época chuvosa, as 3 camadas identificam a passagem do sistema atmosférico. No caso do período seco (jul-dez, as camadas com espessura maior (camadas entre 700 e 500 hPa e entre 850-500 hPa conseguiram identificar os eventos, mas não a camada mais baixa (entre 850-500 hPa.A climatology of the easterly waves disturbances (DOLs over Alcântara - MA was investigated using a method that compute the signal of the observational meridional wind (rawinsoundings from 1988 up to 1997. This technique has been applied to three different layers (850-700, 700-500 and 850-500 hPa in order to identify the best layer to indicate the DOLs occurrence. The DOLs events have been confirmed by independent data-sets available: cloud cover (ISPCC data set, infra-red satellite images (from GOES-E and power spectrum of the meridional component (ECMWF re-analysis. The method detected the presence of the DOLs during the whole year with time-scale of 3-6 days. During the wet period (jan-jun all three layers identified these atmospheric systems. For the dry season (jul

  17. Flavonolignoids and other compounds isolated from Mimosa artemisiana Heringer and Paula; Flavonoides e outros compostos isolados de Mimosa artemisiana Heringer e Paula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nascimento, Ildomar Alves do [Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropedica, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica; Braz-Filho, Raimundo; Mathias, Leda [Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense (UENF), Campos dos Goytacases, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias Tecnologicas. Lab. de Ciencias Quimicas; Carvalho, Mario Geraldo de [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (NPPN/UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias da Saude. Nucleo de Pesquisa em Produtos Naturais; Fonseca, Fabio de Alcantara [Instituto Estadual de Florestas (IEF), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    This the first phytochemical investigation of Mimosa artemisiana (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae) describing the isolation and identification of quercitrin, myricitrin, 3,5,4'-trihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxyflavone (6,7-dimethylkaempferol), flavolignans, 3-O-{beta}-D-glucopyranosyl sitosterol, lupeol, sitostenone, stigmastenone, campestenone, sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, methyl indole-3-carboxylate and indole-3-carboxaldehyde in the extracts from the leaves and wood of this plant. This is the first registry of 6,7-dimethoxy,4'-hydroxy-flavone and the flavonolignans in this genera. The isolation of all metabolites was made by chromatographic methods and the structures were established on the basis of IR, MS, {sup 1}H and {sup 13}C NMR spectra analysis, comparison with literature data and GC-MS of mixtures analysis. (author)

  18. A Europa moderna a Leste e as identidades politicas (II)

    OpenAIRE

    Amorim, Fernando

    2008-01-01

    O poder da casa dos Habsburgos desenvolve-se a partir dos seus domínios hereditários originalmente situados na actual Áustria e Eslovénia, no séc. XIII (1278), tornando-se proeminente quando Carlos de Habsburgo, filho de Filipe “o Formoso” e de Joana “a Louca” de Castela, e neto de Maximiliano I de Áustria e Maria de Burgúndia (pelo lado paterno) e de Fernando II de Aragão e Isabel I “a Católica” (pelo lado materno) ascendeu aos tronos de Castela e Aragão (Carlos I de Espanha), a partir de 15...

  19. Lest we forget. A recap on Beijing's Platform J.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Wiest, A

    1998-01-01

    In March 1995, more than 200 women media professionals met in Toronto to devise recommended strategies which they hoped would be forwarded by the Fourth World Conference on Women (WCW) to strengthen women's status and role in relation to the mass media. The recommendations addressed obstacles to increased involvement of women in the media and denounced the trivial use of violent images of women. The WCW temporarily shelved some of the issues debated in Toronto and inserted the phrase "in accordance with freedom of expression" in several proposed recommendations. The WCW also called for voluntary codes of professional conduct rather than for regulation. The WCW did seek a greater role for women in the media and called upon the media to promote realistic, diverse, and nonstereotypical images of women. The reality is that the categories of news that gets covered often separate women from media headlines unless the women transgress norms or commit crimes. This could be countered if more women reach positions where they can make decisions about news content without simply mimicking masculine values. As a strategic tool, women can gain many advantages by organizing in networks and by staying aware of their potential to make an impact.

  20. Ülestähendusi Birgitta festivalilt 2009 / Raili Sule

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sule, Raili, 1944-

    2009-01-01

    13.-23. augustini Pirita kloostri varemetes toimunud Tallinna Filharmoonia korraldatud Birgitta festivali raames toimunud Dmitri Bertmanni lavastustest - Umberto Giordano "Siber" ja Giuseppe Verdi "Falstaff"

  1. Professor Alois Alzheimer (1864-1915): Lest we forget.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toodayan, Nadeem

    2016-09-01

    December 19(th) 2015 marks the centennial anniversary of the death of the great Bavarian psychiatrist and neuropathologist, Alois Alzheimer (1864-1915), a man immortalised by the still incurable dementing process described by him in 1906 and firmly established in his name. Notwithstanding the great wealth of research into the history of Alzheimer's disease and legacy, the life of this exemplary clinician remains less than widely appreciated today, and it is the purpose of this brief reminiscence to retell the story of the pioneering neuropsychiatrist in this centenary year of his passing. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Lest we forget that industrial and organisational psychology is psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DJW Strümpfer

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The tie between industrial/organisational psychology (IOP and general psychology should be taken seriously. The origin of the split into separate academic departments is discussed. Four IOP topics are presented which are rooted in psychology or where the psychological quality is strong, making the tie-in clear: motivation, leadership, assessment, and appreciative inquiry; by way of illustration, proponents are referred to. Specialisation and professionalisation often bring undue emphasis on technology. IOP cannot be human resource management. Suggestions are made about bringing IOP and psychology closer within teaching programmes and internships. Appreciative images of what IOP, hand-in-hand with psychology, could be like, are put forward.

  3. Assessing the Legitimacy of Timor-Leste's Security Sector | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... make recommendations for military and police institutional reforms, and changes to veterans' policies. ... Site internet. http://www.belun.tl/en. Contenus connexes. Un commerce plus inclusif permettrait-il de promouvoir l'égalité des sexes ?

  4. Tuberculose: tratamento supervisionado nas Coordenadorias de Saúde Norte, Oeste e Leste do Município de São Paulo Tuberculosis: tratamiento supervisionado en las Coordinaciones Norte, Oeste y Este de la Municipalidad de São Paulo Tuberculosis: supervised treatment in North, West and East Health Departments of São paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisangela Martins de Queiroz

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O estudo objetivou analisar potencialidades e limites da estratégia do Tratamento Diretamente Supervisionado (DOTS, sob o ponto de vista de pacientes e trabalhadores de Unidades Básicas de Saúde das Coordenadorias Norte, Oeste e Leste, do Município de São Paulo. Os depoimentos foram coletados, após consentimento livre e esclarecido, e decodificados por meio de técnica de análise de discurso. Tomando-se como referencial teórico a Teoria da Determinação Social do Processo Saúde-Doença, de modo geral, identificou-se que o DOTS possibilita a criação de vínculo e que a adesão ao tratamento se associa à necessidade de volta ao trabalho. Os limites identificados foram: o não envolvimento dos profissionais no tratamento e a irregular distribuição de incentivos. Os achados revelam que a adesão ao tratamento transcende o âmbito biológico e individual, apontando-se como fundamental que os trabalhadores de saúde reconheçam os pacientes como portadores de necessidades, que não se restringem ao tratamento da tuberculose.El estudio objetivó analizar las potencialidades y límites de la estrategia del Tratamiento Directamente Supervisado (DOTS, de acuerdo el punto de vista de pacientes y empleados de Unidades Básicas de Salud de las Coordinaciones Norte, Oeste y Este de la Municipalidad de São Paulo. Las entrevistas fueron recolectadas con consentimiento libre y aclarado, y decodificadas a través de la técnica de análisis del discurso. Se tomó como referencia teórica la Teoría de la Determinación Social del Proceso Salud-Enfermedad. De un modo general, se identificó que el DOTS posibilita la creación de vínculo y que la adhesión al tratamiento se asocia a la necesidad de volver al trabajo. Los límites detectados fueron la ausencia de compromiso por parte de los profesionales respecto del tratamiento y la distribución irregular de incentivos. Los hallazgos revelan que la adhesión al tratamiento trasciende los

  5. Riqueza de espécies, estrutura e composição florística de uma floresta secundária de 40 anos no leste da Amazônia Species richness, structure, and floristic composition of a 40 years old secondary forest in Eastern Amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sâmyrams Carim

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available A perda de florestas naturais devido a pressões antrópicas levou as florestas secundárias a ocupar uma grande proporção de áreas no leste da Amazônia. Com o objetivo de conhecer as características de uma comunidade arbórea e a estrutura populacional das espécies mais representativas, foram investigadas a riqueza de espécies, a estrutura e a composição florística de uma floresta secundária de 40 anos no município de Bragança (01°11'S e 46°40'W, Estado do Pará, Brasil. A amostragem contou com todos os indivíduos de espécies arbóreas (exceto Arecaceae com DAP > 5 cm em 150 quadrados de 10×10 m. Foram registrados 2.934 indivíduos em 154 espécies, 101 gêneros e 40 famílias. A densidade foi de 1.956,00 ± 643,45 ind ha-1 e a área basal de 17,358 ± 7,952 m² ha-1 com um índice de diversidade de Shannon de 4,030 nats. ind.-1. As espécies com a maior abundância de indivíduos foram Myrcia bracteata, Casearia arborea e Maprounea guianensis. As com maior área basal foram Tapirira guianensis, Croton matourensis e Maprounea guianensis. A riqueza de espécies adaptou-se ao modelo de distribuição lognormal apenas para área basal e não para número de indivíduos. Em 40 anos de sucessão, esta floresta mostra uma grande diversidade de espécies e baixa área basal.The loss of natural forests due to the anthropic pressure carried the secondary forests to occupy great proportions of areas in East of Amazon. With the aim to known the characteristics of a arboreal community and the population structure of the most representative species, it were investigated species richness, structure, and floristic composition of a 40 years old secondary forest in the municipality of Bragança (01°11'S and 46°40'W, Pará State, Brazil. It was sampled all individuals of arboreal species (except Arecaceae with DBH > 5 cm in 150 plots of 10×10 m. It was registered 2,934 individuals in 154 species, 101 genera and 40 families. The density was 1

  6. COSTUMES E USOS DA TERRA PELA POPULAÇÃO CABOCLA DO PLANALTO DE SANTA CATARINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlon Brandt

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Hacia finales del siglo XVIII se estableció, en la meseta del estado de Santa Catarina – Brasil –, una considerable población de pequeños y medianos productores, ubicados alrededor de las grandes estancias. Su renta provenía de la agricultura de subsistencia y de prácticas de explotación de los recursos comunes en los campos y los bosques. El acceso a estes recursos, bien como la tenencia de la tierra y la vida social, se regía por prácticas, normas y costumbres que se explicaban mas allá de las razones econômicas y transmitidas de padre a hijo, donde la palabra hablada y el derecho consuetudinario tenían fundamental importancia. Sin embargo, con el avance de las relaciones capitalistas en el campo, se generó una nueva dinámica socioespacial em la meseta, impuesta por la colonización, la propiedad privada, el cerramiento de la tierra y la deforestación de los bosques.

  7. Seasonal variations of aerosol over Dona Paula, A coastal site on the west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Suresh, T.; Desa, E.S.

    and eastern parts of Goa are other potential sources of dust. Goa is a tourist location and there is an influx of tourists during the summer period, which also contribute to the pollution from vehicle emission and dust. 3.3. Inter-annual variation Using AOT... We thank Director, National Institute of Oceanogra- Goa, India for supporting this program. We are quality measures to be undertaken in future to safeguard the health of tourists and local population from air pollution. C15 There is need for a better...

  8. Butyltin compounds in biofilm and marine organisms from the Dona Paula Bay, west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Bhosle, N.B.

    waters of California, USA (Stephenson 1991). In the C. gigas collected from the Gulf of Mexico, the TBT levels varied from 49 to 3559 ng/g (Wade, Garcia-Romero, and Brooks 1991). TBT concentrations re corded during this study suggest that TBT compounds... Indian waters Marine Environmental Research 48:123-130 Wade T L, Garcia-Romero B, and Brooks J M. 1991 Oysters as bio-monitors of butyltins in the Gulf of Mexico Marine Environmental Research 32: 233-241 ...

  9. Hydrocarbon-utilising micro-organisms from Dona Paula Bay, Goa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Bhosle, N.B.; Mavinkurve, S.

    Twenty-three hydrocarbon-utilising bacteria and one yeast were isolated, using enrichment techniques, from water and sediment samples. Vibrio and Pseudomonas were the predominant genera. Of the different organisms screened, Bacillus, Candida...

  10. Seasonal variation in organotins in the waters of the Dona Paula Bay, west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Meena, R.M.; Garg, A.; Jadhav, S.

    concentrations of TBT, DBT, MBT and total BT varied from <1-37, 4-19, 6-28 and 21-84 ng Sn L sup(-1), respectively. Highest levels of BTs were recorded during May followed by April 2007 and March 2007 probably because the shipping and tourism activities are very...

  11. Fluxes of diatoms in the Dona Paula Bay, west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Garg, A.; Bhaskar, P.V.

    of POC and diatom carbon was 251 and 0.39 mg C m sup(-2) day sup(-1), respectively. The diatom carbon accounted for 0.15% of the POC flux. Mass flux of diatoms showed significant negative correlation with the concentration of nitrate and phosphate...

  12. Flavonolignoids and other compounds isolated from Mimosa artemisiana Heringer and Paula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nascimento, Ildomar Alves do

    2012-01-01

    This the first phytochemical investigation of Mimosa artemisiana (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae) describing the isolation and identification of quercitrin, myricitrin, 3,5,4'-trihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxyflavone (6,7-dimethylkaempferol), flavolignans, 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl sitosterol, lupeol, sitostenone, stigmastenone, campestenone, sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, methyl indole-3-carboxylate and indole-3-carboxaldehyde in the extracts from the leaves and wood of this plant. This is the first registry of 6,7-dimethoxy,4'-hydroxy-flavone and the flavonolignans in this genera. The isolation of all metabolites was made by chromatographic methods and the structures were established on the basis of IR, MS, 1 H and 13 C NMR spectra analysis, comparison with literature data and GC-MS of mixtures analysis. (author)

  13. Hermeneutická filosofie náboženství Paula Ricoeura

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sládek, Ondřej

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 55, č. 9 (2007), s. 15-24 ISSN 0231-7818 R&D Projects: GA ČR GP405/06/P336 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90560517 Keywords : hermeneutics * Paul Ricoeur * religion * philosophy of religion Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  14. Diversidade de anfíbios do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco L. Souza

    Full Text Available RESUMO A fauna de anfíbios do estado de Mato Grosso do Sul foi compilada e elaborada pela primeira vez, totalizando 97 espécies, o que representa pouco mais de 10% das espécies que ocorrem no Brasil. Nove famílias e 25 gêneros de Anura e apenas uma espécie de Gymnophiona foram registradas. As áreas de Cerrado apresentaram a maior riqueza, seguidas pelas florestas estacionais semideciduais, Chaco e veredas. Em relação às macrorregiões consideradas, foram registradas 56 espécies para a planície de inundação (majoritariamente representada pelo Pantanal e 92 para o planalto. As regiões mais amostradas em Mato Grosso do Sul são o Parque Nacional da Serra da Bodoquena e algumas áreas do Pantanal, o que resulta em lacunas de amostragens por todo o estado, principalmente nas regiões norte, leste/sudeste e parte do oeste/sudoeste. Foram identificadas áreas consideradas importantes para amostragens em decorrência da complexidade de fitofisionomias e relevos encontrados no estado: Maciço do rio Apa, Serra de Maracaju, grande parte do Chaco brasileiro, leque do rio Taquari, planalto do Taquari-Itiquira, escarpas do planalto Central, áreas úmidas/florestas estacionais da planície do rio Paraná e áreas interioranas do Pantanal, onde o acesso é difícil.

  15. [Science and history in the report by the First Republic's Comissão Exploradora do Planalto Central].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vergara, Moema de Rezende

    2006-01-01

    The idea of moving Brazil's capital to the Central Plateau reappeared in the early days of the Republic, having been defended one century earlier by the Viscount of Porto Seguro. Headed by Luiz Cruls, director of Brazil's National Observatory, a commission was formed in 1892 to stake out the area where the new capital would stand. The expedition's 1896 report found space in Brazil's main vehicles of public opinion; it was reviewed in newspapers and also in articles published in Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro, the Brazilian Institute for History and Geography's journal. A number of issues then of concern to certain sectors of Brazilian society converge in the body of the report, including the healthiness of Brazil's climate for European immigrants, the definition of the country's borders, and territorial integration.

  16. Qualidade fisiológica de sementes de feijão crioulo produzidas no oeste e planalto catarinense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelina Ferreira Michels

    Full Text Available O trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de caracterizar genótipos crioulos de feijão quanto ao potencial fisiológico das sementes produzidas em diferentes regiões de Santa Catarina, por duas safras consecutivas. Foram utilizados sementes de 26 genótipos, produzidas nas safras 2009/2010 e 2010/2011 nos municípios de Anchieta, Joaçaba e Lages. Após o procedimento de amostragem para amostra média e amostra de trabalho, foram realizados os testes de germinação 1ª e 2ª contagem, condutividade elétrica, envelhecimento acelerado, emergência em campo, peso de mil sementes e produtividade. Com base na análise dos resultados, os genótipos foram separados em classes pelo teste Scott-Knott. A qualidade fisiológica de sementes de feijão foi influenciada pelo genótipo e pelo ambiente e a expressão do potencial de cada genótipo foi dependente das condições favoráveis no ambiente de cultivo. Os genótipos crioulos BAF13 e BAF55 foram superiores aos demais e se destacaram na produtividade e qualidade fisiológica de sementes. O município de Lages foi o local de maior produtividade e de melhor qualidade de sementes na safra 2009/2010.

  17. Análise da cadeia produtiva da apicultura no planalto norte de Santa Catarina: Um estudo de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Alexandre Monteiro

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo - O presente trabalho teve como por objetivo analisar a cadeia produtiva da apicultura, no caso da cidade de São Bento do Sul, Santa Catarina, Brasil, buscando contribuir para a estruturação desta rede visando fortalecer a produção do mel na região. Para isso, realizou-se um estudo de caso, de caráter exploratório, com abordagem quali-quantitativa. De acordo com os resultados a atividade precisa de melhor organização e incentivo para que possa ter um aproveitamento total de produção. A falta de padronização das caixas é um problema que acarreta em produtividade insatisfatória. Também falta procura pelo desenvolvimento técnico na área, como também cursos em parceria com a EPAGRI, Associações Técnicas, Sindicato Rural ou outro órgão foram identificadas. Como a apicultura para a maioria dos produtores é uma atividade secundária, talvez isso justifique o fato das produções baixas e da falta de interesse por cursos de desenvolvimento. Palavras-chave: agronegócios, atividade apícola, engenharia de produção, mel.

  18. PAISAGEM RIPÁRIA FLUVIAL DOS RIOS PITANGUI E JOTUVA NO PRIMEIRO PLANALTO PARANAENSE, PONTA GROSSA, PR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiaro Katu Pereira

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Esta análise quantitativa de 3.739,7 ha de paisagens ripárias fluviais dos rios Pitangui e Jotuva considerou áreas de floresta higrófila (FH e de vegetação hidrófila (VH, delimitadas mediante interpretação de ortofotos de 2001. O Pitangui apresentou 3.180 ha de áreas ripárias em 35 polígonos de FH (13,8% e 168 de VH (86,2%. O Jotuva, com 559 ha, apresentou 19 poligonos de FH (42% e 47 de VH (58%. Demonstrou-se a importância de incluir a VH nas análises das zonas ripárias destes rios, notável no Pitangui, que para efeitos de conservação, parece reunir condições mais favoráveis à manutenção da biodiversidade do que no Jotuva. Foram observados distintos padrões de paisagem em função do relevo nos rios.

  19. Study of the role of microbes as source and sink of Dimethyl Sulphide in Dona Paula bay

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kumar, S.S.

    , Rassoulzadegan F, Krajka B, Nguyen BC, Mihalopoulos N, Buat- Menard P (1990) Production of dimethylsulfonium propionate (DMSP) and Dimethylsulfide (DMS) by a microbial food web. Limnology and Oceanography 35:1810 - 1821 Belviso S, Moulin C. Bopp L, Stefels J...-like dimethyl sulfide- producing marine isolate. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 61: 21 - 26 de Souza M P &Yoch D C (1996) N-terminal amino acid sequences and comparison of DMSP lyases from Pseudomonas doudoroffii and Alcaligenes strain M3A,. In R P...

  20. Dynamics of transparent exopolymeric particles (TEP) and particle-associated carbohydrates in the Dona Paula bay, west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Bhaskar, P.V.; Bhosle, N.B.

    filters. The filters were then placed on a glass slide having a drop of fluorescence free oil, another drop of oil placed over the filter paper and covered with a cover glass. The slide was then illuminated with a UV lamp and viewed at 1000x... to their properties. For example, Sal-PCHO is loosely attached polymers produced by phytoplankton, generally more labile and hence preferred by bacteria (Decho 1990). Alternately, CPCHO are cell-bound polymers, which have higher concentrations of acidic radicals...

  1. Bacterial production, glucosidase activity and particle-associated carbohydrates in Dona Paula bay, west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Bhaskar, P.V.; Bhosle, N.B.

    theaquaticenvironmentcontributingupto80%ofthedissolvedand 5–25% of the particulate organic carbon (Decho,1990; Benner et al., 1992; Biersmith and Benner, 1998). Although free and combined amino acids are the most preferred carbon and nitrogen source 1. Introduction... of bulk bacterial biomass and enzyme activity is varyingly attributed to particle-associated bacteria and free-living bacteria (Palumbo et al., 1984; Griffith et al., 1990; Karner and Herndl,1992; Bidle and Fletcher,1995). The enzymatic breakdown...

  2. Variation in the composition of carbohydrates in the Dona Paula, Bay (west of India) during May/June 1998

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    DeSouza, F.P.; Bhosle, N.B.

    .5. Capillary gas chromatography A capillary gas chromatograph (Chrompack model CP- 9002) equipped with a fused silica capillary column coated with CPSil-88 (25 m, id = 0.32 mm) and a flame ionization detector was used to separate the alditol acetate mixture... and glucose (table I). Concentrations (as micrograms per liter and weight percentage) of these monosaccharides varied over the period of sampling. Of these, glucose was the most abundant monosaccharide in the particulate matter of the surface seawater. When...

  3. Benthic images collected at coral reef sites in Timor-Leste from 2012-2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Photographs of the seafloor were collected during benthic photo-quadrat surveys conducted by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) in hard bottom shallow...

  4. Aineüleste pädevuste koolitus Pestalozzi programmi raames / Tiia Pukk, Tiiu Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pukk, Tiia

    2011-01-01

    1969 alguse saanud Pestalozzi koolitusprogramm on suunatud Euroopa kultuurikonventsiooniga ühinenud 49 riigi haridustöötajatele. Seekordne üritus toimus Tartus, koolituse teemaks aineülesed pädevused

  5. Jaapan nõuab Ühendriikidelt hukkunud laeva ülestõstmist / Marek Laane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laane, Marek, 1969-

    2001-01-01

    Hawaii lähistel õppustel kiiret pinnaletõusu harjutanud USA allveelaev Greeneville põrkas kokku Jaapani õppelaevaga Ehime Maru, õnnetuse tagajärjel hukkus tõenäoliselt 9 jaapanlast. Skeem: USA allveelaev uputas Jaapani laeva

  6. Performance assessment for sustainable construction: lest we forget about the client

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gyadu-Asiedu, W.; Scheublin, F.J.M.; Egmond - de Wilde De Ligny, van E.L.C.; Braganca, L.; Pinheiro, M.; Jalali, S.; Mateus, R.; Amoeda, R.; Correia Guedes, M.

    2007-01-01

    Sustainability of the built environment is receiving much attention in recent times, mainly because the concept is inextricably linked with several key global issues e.g. economic, environmental, housing etc. An important aspect of these has to do with the assessment of the performance of the

  7. Vanglaülestõus vallandas Sao Paulos kaose / Erik Henno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Henno, Erik

    2006-01-01

    11. mail vallandus Sao Paulo vanglates konflikt, mis laienes üle osariigi ning mille käigus süüdati kümneid busse, rünnati politseiautosid ja pangakontoreid, pantvangi võeti ligi 200 inimest. Kaubanduskeskused ja koolid jäid suletuks, ühistransport oli halvatud. Kaart: Vägivallalaine Brasiilias. Lisa: Maffia

  8. PENGEMBANGAN DAYA TARIK WISATA BERBASIS MASYARAKAT DI PANTAI VATUVOU, DISTRIK LIQUISA, TIMOR LESTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cipriana Dos Santos Guterres

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Vatuvou beach, located in the Village Vatuvou, Liquica District      of East Timor, has the potential to be developed into a tourist attraction, but until now its potential has not fully developed yet. The aim of this study is to determine the potential of Vatuvou Beach, to know how the local community have been involved to develop Vatuvou beach, to formulate the most effective strategies to develop it has a community based tourist attraction. The results of this study indicated that Vatuvou coastal region could be used as a tourist attraction in the District of Liquisa, because it has the existing potential such as beach panorama with sunset, black sandy beaches and under–sea wealth, availability of facilities and infrastructure to support tourism, such as water, electricity, road, telecommunication, public toilets, parking, and accommodation (but still limited. Socio-cultural potential as hospitality of the people in the village of Vatuvou, traditional activities, such as handcrafted, and rituals performed by people in the village of Vatuvou. In addition, the strategic location of the Vatuvou beach easily leads to some nearby tourist attraction, such as lake Maubara, Maubara Fort, historical buildings of Portuguese’s heritage, and souvenir center. The involvement of community participation in the coastal development of Vatuvou has been through the initial proceses, namely planning stage, development and evaluation of activities that have been implemented. Through the description, it can be concluded that the strategy of tourism development of Vatuvou beach can be made by the following procedures (1 Increasing the quality and quantity of human resources in tourism, (2 Inviting foreign or local investors to the potential of the existing tourism sectors, (3 Developing the potential of cultural as tourist attractions, and (4 Improving tourism facilities and infrastructure to support tourism activities in Vatuvou coastal areas.

  9. PENGEMBANGAN POTENSI DAYA TARIK WISATA PULAU ATAURO DI DISTRIK DILI, TIMOR-LESTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Da Costa Costa Gomes

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The island of Atauro is a tourist destination located in Dili    District of East Timor.The island has big potential for tourist attractions that deserves to be further developed to be tourist destinations. This study aims to investigate the potential tourist attractions, the internal and external environmental conditions as well as to formulate strategies and programs for sustainable tourism development. This study used IFAS (Internal Factor Analysis System and EFAS (External Factor Analysis System are used. This study applies planning theory, tourism area life cycle by Butler, planning and Participation Theory. Data are collected through observation, interviews, and questionnaires.The results showed that there is potential to further develop some tourist attractions in Atauro to be sustainable tourism. Unspoiled natural view, underwater panoramic, extended coral-reef with varieties of fishes, forest with various birds, unique social and cultural life are some of the potential areas for development. The analysis on internal and external environment showed that Atauro is categorized into cell I Grow and Development (the concentration is via vertical integration. The potential for tourism in Atauro Island mainly lays in marine, culture, beaches, history, biking, spring water, seaweed cultivation, cave, spirituality, and sightseeing adventure. The strongest factor of internal environmental condition is the panoramic view, while the weakest factor is the inadequate facilities and infrastructure.

  10. Les solutions locales gagnent du terrain en Afrique de l'Est | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 nov. 2011 ... La femme avait contracté un emprunt pour acheter le terrain sur lequel son mari bâtit une maison. Lorsqu'il ... en raison de la disparition du système clanique local qui autrefois protégeait les veuves, et des effets persistants du conflit entre les forces gouvernementales et l'Armée de résistance du seigneur.

  11. Emploi et migration des jeunes en Afrique de l'Est et du Sud | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet d'une durée de deux ans proposera et amorcera des stratégies fondées sur les données probantes en vue de créer des occasions d'emploi décentes et de soutenir l'entrepreneuriat face à la croissance démographique des jeunes que connaît l'Afrique. Il se concentrera sur la manière dont la migration influe sur ...

  12. Tech Talk for Social Studies Teachers Lest We Forget: Remembering Pearl Harbor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Tim

    2001-01-01

    Presents an annotated bibliography that provides Web sites about Pearl Harbor (Hawaii). Includes Web sites that cover Pearl Harbor history, a live view of Pearl Harbor, stories from people who remember where they were during the attack, information on the naval station at Pearl Harbor, and a virtual tour of the USS Arizona. (CMK)

  13. Visite du Conseil des gouverneurs du CRDI en Afrique de l'Est ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    17 oct. 2017 ... La délégation dans la communauté La délégation à l'école féminine. La délégation avec les membres du Women's Group. Durant la visite, Jean Lebel et Molapo Qhobela, directeur général de la Fondation nationale de la recherche de l'Afrique du Sud, ont annoncé les projets retenus au Kenya et en ...

  14. Mõned ülestähendused disainiaasta puhul : disainist Tartus ja ka Dartu tisainist / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    Hollandi disaineri Kees Dorsti raamatust "Kuidas mõista disaini? 150 mõtisklust disaineri elukutse üle", Tartus tegutsevast Disainijaamast. Leila Pärtelpoja raamatust "Pööningul. Auf dem Dachboden" (kujundaja Maarja Roosi). Leo Leola kujundatud Kellukese karastusjoogi pudelisildist, mille redisainis reklaamiagentuur Taevas Ogivly. Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla ja Urmo Vaikla disainitud pinkidest Tartu kaubamajas. Disainerite kujundatud Tartu südalinnast. Rahvusvahelisest seminarist "Disain ja säästev mõtteviis" Viinistu Kunstimuuseumis. "Tartu Postimehe" võidetud auhindadest maailma ajalehtede kujunduskonkursil. Disainiaasta üritustest Tartus, disainihariduse andmisest Eestis

  15. Maisons préfabriquées en bambou en Afrique de l'Est | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Puisque le bambou peut être utilisé comme matériau de construction après deux à six ... servir de matériau de construction et de combustible pour les fours de briqueterie. ... Five world-class research teams are working to develop vaccines for ...

  16. Comparação gráfica entre curvas de índice de sítio para Pinus elliottii e Pinus taeda desenvolvidas no sul do Brasil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helio Tonini

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivos estudar o crescimento em altura dominante para Pinus elliottii e Pinus taeda, mediante comparações entre as curvas de índice de sítio construídas para algumas regiões do estado do Rio Grande do Sul e outros Estados da Federação. Essas comparações indicaram que as curvas feitas por Tonini (2000 para as regiões da Serra do Sudeste e Litoral no estado do Rio Grande do Sul, não apresentaram o mesmo desenvolvimento em relação às curvas feitas por Scolforo e Machado (1988, para os estados do Paraná e Santa Catarina; Brasil (1989a, para a região de Passo Fundo RS, Marcolin (1990, para o Segundo Planalto Paranaense e Selle (1993, para a região de Cambará do Sul. No entanto, o comportamento em relação às curvas de índice de sítio feitas por Brasil (1989b, para a região de São Francisco de Paula mostraram-se semelhantes, havendo somente uma diferença de nível entre estas.

  17. COMPARAÇÃO GRÁFICA ENTRE CURVAS DE ÍNDICE DE SÍTIO PARA Pinus elliottii E Pinus taeda DESENVOLVIDAS NO SUL DO BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helio Tonini

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivos estudar o crescimento em altura dominante para Pinus elliottii e Pinus taeda, mediante comparações entre as curvas de índice de sítio construídas para algumas regiões do estado do Rio Grande do Sul e outros Estados da Federação. Essas comparações indicaram que as curvas feitas por Tonini (2000 para as regiões da Serra do Sudeste e Litoral no estado do Rio Grande do Sul, não apresentaram o mesmo desenvolvimento em relação às curvas feitas por Scolforo e Machado (1988, para os estados do Paraná e Santa Catarina; Brasil (1989a, para a região de Passo Fundo RS, Marcolin (1990, para o Segundo Planalto Paranaense e Selle (1993, para a região de Cambará do Sul. No entanto, o comportamento em relação às curvas de índice de sítio feitas por Brasil (1989b, para a região de São Francisco de Paula mostraram-se semelhantes, havendo somente uma diferença de nível entre estas.

  18. ANÁLISE FITOGEOGRÁFICA DA FLORA ARBUSTIVO-ARBÓREA EM ECÓTONO NO PLANALTO DA BODOQUENA, MS, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Beatriz Reiss Zavala

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Setting priorities in the conservation of terrestrial ecosystems refers to the need for knowledge about the diversity of environments, especially in the Cerrado biome and its floristic transition zones, already in high stage of degradation. With this scenario, t his study aimed to carry out a floristic inventory of a forest fragment on ecological tension in Bodoquena Plateau, MS, Brazil, and assess their phytogeographical relationships with other surveys of seasonal forests and savannas in the Midwest and Southeast regions of Brazil. For this, 102 contiguous plots of 10x10 m (100 m 2 were sampled. The inclusion criterion was the perimeter at breast height (PBH ≥ 15 cm. For floristic similarity analysis, the coefficient of Sorensen was applied, adopting the unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA, with the determination of the level of similarity of 26 floristic lists. Of the 96 species occurring in this survey, 91 were identified at species level, and of these, 80.2% (73 were found in one or more studies of the analyzed areas with higher occurrence in seasonal deciduous forest (SDF (54, followed by seasonal semideciduous forest (SSF (47 and forested savannah (46. The results showed clustering of the study area with the FED of Minas Gerais in level of 30%, revealing low similarity. Due to low floristic similarity between the analyzed areas, these are characterized by their high beta diversity.

  19. ESTRUTURA E DIVERSIDADE DA COMUNIDADE ARBÓREA DE UMA FLORESTA SUPEROMONTANA, NO PLANALTO DE POÇOS DE CALDAS (MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malcon do Prado Costa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A survey of the tree community of a ombrophilous upper montane forest, situated in Poços de Caldas, Brazil (1200-1575 m of altitude; 21°46'25"S, 46'24"10"W was carried out in order to assess its environmental and structural variation. The physiognomic (density, basal area and distribution of size of the trees and community structure (composition, distribution and diversity of species were analyzed through 22 plots of 5 x 100 m, where the tree individuals with diameter at breast height ¿ 5 cm were sampled. The topographic variables were measured and the surface soil samples were collected to obtain their chemical and texture attributes. The survey resulted in 53 botanic families, 104 genera, 178 species and 1963 individuals, as well as four soil classes: distrofic and eutrofic Argisoil, Cambisoil and Litolic Neosoil, distributed sequentially from the hilltop to the base of the fragment. The canonic correspondence analyses showed a gradient of tree species distribution mainly correlated with variations of quotas, magnesium content (Mg++ and aluminum saturation (m.

  20. Bionomia de Monoeca xanthopyga Harter-Marques, Cunha & Moure (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Tapinotaspidini no Planalto das Araucárias, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cunha Rodrigo da

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A study of the life history of the solitary bee Monoeca xanthopyga, was conducted at the Araucária Plateau, at the state of Rio Grande do Sul. The study focused the seasonality, sexual behavior, females activity during nest building, the exploited plant resources and the associated parasitoids. Three nest aggregations of M. xanthopyga built in clay soil with few plant cover or none at all, were studied on the Parque Nacional dos Aparados da Serra, located in Cambará do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul State. The nests were randomly distributed in areas up to eight square meters in size and reach a maximum density of 57 nests per square meter. The only one generation occurred from January to April. The immature stayed in diapausa in the prepupa stage during eight to 11 months. Males emerged a few days before females, and disappeared from the aggregations four days before the end of females activities. The search for females to mate occurred at nests from the previous year, where many males struggled for a single emergent female. It is suggested that males perceive smells emitted by females. Copulation's lasted, on average, 26 seconds and, immediately after it, the couple separated. Nest building females were not attractive to males. Mating tests, at artificial environments showed the occurrence of copulation with both virgin and fertilized females. After mating, the females returned to the aggregations and established new nests by digging new tunnels, or by using abandoned nests. The bee's flying activities began around 6 A.M. and lasted up to 6 P.M. The females did, on average, eight trips per day, each one lasting 31,4 minutes. They returned from the trips carrying pollen and/or floral oils. These resources were obtained from flowers of Malpighiaceae and Fabaceae species. Pollinaria from orchids of the genus Oncidium Sw. were carried accidentally by males and females. Mutilid parasitoids were present at the aggregations of M. xanthopyga during all the period of the activities. One species of Traumatomutilla André, 1903 was related to the immature of these bees, composing the first registration of inhabitant of this Mutillidae.

  1. AS PAISAGENS QUARTZÍTICAS DO PLANALTO DO ALTO RIO GRANDE: RELAÇÕES ENTRE ROCHA-RELEVO-SOLO-VEGETAÇÃO NA SERRA DE CARRANCAS (MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Marques Neto

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem por objetivo realizar uma discussão integrada das relações entre os elementos físicos e a dimensão humana como entes determinantes na definição do complexo paisagístico na serra de Carrancas, estrutura quartzítica localizada no município que lhe dá nome, na parte meridional do estado de Minas Gerais.

  2. MONITORAMENTO DA QUALIDADE DA ÁGUA DO RIO CAVEIRAS NO PLANALTO SERRANO DE SANTA CATARINA COM SUPORTE DE TECNOLOGIAS DE GEOMÁTICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvio Luís Luís Rafaeli Neto

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available O monitoramento da qualidade da água em bacias hidrográficas possui forte componente espacial, uma vez que os locais de monitoramento distribuem-se no espaço geográfico. Em se tratando de bacias, em que o talvegue principal se estende por dezenas de quilômetros, há que se utilizar tecnologias de suporte ao planejamento dos locais de amostragem, definição de rotas de acesso e estudo do uso e da ocupação do solo como forma de subsidiar o processo de análise dos resultados. O rio Caveiras está situado na região serrana de Santa Catarina com uma bacia hidrográfica com cerca de 2400 km2. A jusante do seu terço superior, destaca-se a captação de água para o abastecimento da cidade de Lages, seguida de uma Pequena Central Hidrelétrica (PCH com cerca de 2 MW de potência instalada. Em breve, serão construídas mais três PCHs a jusante da existente, formandouma sequência de quatro ambientes lênticos. Este trabalho tem por objetivo apresentar um estudo de caso de aplicação de tecnologias de Geomática no monitoramento da qualidade da água do rio Caveiras antes da construção das PCHs, como subsídio à avaliação dos impactos ambientais destes empreendimentos.

  3. ORGANIZAÇÃO DA COMUNIDADE E ESTRUTURA FILOGENÉTICA DO COMPONENTE ARBÓREO DE UM FRAGMENTO DE FLORESTA NEBULAR NO PLANALTO CATARINENSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina da Silva

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to survey the community organization and the phylogenetic structure of tree species component in a nebular forest, in the municipality of Urubici, Santa Catarina state. A total of 25 plots (400 m 2 were allocated, where all trees with circumference at breast height (cbh equal or superior than 15.7 cm were measured (cbh and identified. The Shannon index and phytosociological descriptors were determined. The dispersal syndromes of propagules were determined and the spatial distribution of each species was analyzed. The phylogenetic structure was evaluated by the values of ‘Mean Pairwise Distance’ (MPD and Net Relatedness Index (NRI, determined through a phylogenetic tree built in function of the species sampled, an abundance matrix of species by plots and 1,000 simulations of a community with phylogenetic randomness organization. The spatial structure of the phylogenetic metrics was analyzed through I Moran Index. A total of 1,579 trees were sampled, belonging to 33 species, with Myrtaceae as the richest family. The low value of diversity (2.43, associated to low richness, is expected for nebular forest, where the environment is typically selective. The most representative species in the forest was Myrceugenia euosma (O.Berg D.Legrand (VI = 24.51%. The predominant dispersal syndrome was zoochory (84.85%, followed by anemochory (15.15%; and the species showed predominantly a clustered spatial distribution. The community had variation in relation to the phylogenetic structure, with most plots showing no significant difference from the null model of complete randomness.

  4. AVALIAÇÃO DOS PROCESSOS EROSIVOS NO PLANALTO OCIDENTAL PAULISTA: UM ESTUDO DE CASO EM BUSCA DAS INTERAÇÕES ESPACIAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Augusto Scudeller Zanatta

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available A preocupação com a erosão do solo, sobretudo em áreas rurais, vem aumentando em diversos países. Encontra-se a temática em pesquisas divulgadas em periódicos nacionais e internacionais, os quais indicam a influência significativa da ação humana na escala temporal dos fenômenos denudativos. Considerando o tema, o objetivo deste artigo é avaliar essa problemática na bacia do ribeirão Areia Dourada, localizada no município de Marabá Paulista (SP. Por meio do uso de dados advindos de diversos mapeamentos, informações sobre a região foram quantificadas e sistematizadas na forma de gráfico em rede. Assim, buscou-se avaliar a influência dos fatores físicos e da ação humana no desencadeamento e desenvolvimento das formas erosivas, considerando a área de estudo como um exemplo representativo da problemática erosiva no Oeste Paulista. O esquema de gráfico possibilitou aferir um grande volume de informações em um mesmo modelo, de modo a destacar que o uso da terra, sobretudo a pecuária, impacta de forma significativa no desencadeamento dos processos denudativos, indicando o caráter catalisador da ação humana, que generaliza a ação morfodinâmica. Contudo, os dados também demonstram que as formas erosivas só atingem nível de voçorocamento onde as características físicas sugerem maior predisposição a tais processos, como as concavidades das vertentes. Assim, considera-se que o uso do gráfico em rede possibilitou a avaliação das combinações entre as classes temáticas em que o processo erosivo se desenvolve com maior intensidade, bem como a influência da ação humana. Constatou-se que os fenômenos erosivos, muitas vezes, ocorrem em setores cujas características físicas não indicam potencialidade ao seu desenvolvimento, como o surgimento de feições erosivas lineares em setores de topo com energia do relevo fraca. Fatos como este se devem à ação do uso da terra, principalmente, no caso estudado, das pastagens.

  5. Uso de regressões logísticas múltiplas para mapeamento digital de solos no Planalto Médio do RS

    OpenAIRE

    Figueiredo,Samuel Ribeiro; Giasson,Elvio; Tornquist,Carlos Gustavo; Nascimento,Paulo César do

    2008-01-01

    Regressões nominais logísticas estabelecem relações matemáticas entre variáveis independentes contínuas ou discretas e variáveis dependentes discretas. Essas foram avaliadas quanto ao seu potencial em predizer a ocorrência e distribuição de classes de solos na região dos municípios de Ibirubá e Quinze de Novembro (RS). A partir de modelo numérico de terreno digital (MNT) com 90 m de resolução, foram calculadas variáveis de terreno topográficas (elevação, declividade e curvatura) e hidrográfic...

  6. Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas frente a la sexualidad en estudiantes admitidos a los programas presenciales diurnos en la Universidad Francisco de Paula SantanderConocimientos, actitudes y prácticas frente a la sexualidad en estudiantes admitidos a los programas presenciales diurnos en la Universidad Francisco de Paula SantanderConocimientos, actitudes y prácticas frente a la sexualidad en estudiantes admitidos a los programas presenciales diurnos en la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Vélez-Laguado

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Los jóvenes inician su vida universitaria en una etapa crítica del desarrollo como es la adolescencia, en donde se dan procesos trascendentales que necesitan de una adecuada estructuración de su sexualidad fundamentada en una educación sexual orientada al bienestar integral de la persona, a través del desarrollo del pensamiento crítico, la asertividad, la autonomía y la toma de decisiones. En este estudio descriptivo, se pretendió valorar los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas de los estudiantes adolescentes frente a la sexualidad, mediante una encuesta aplicada a 206 universitarios de ambos sexos, en edad promedio de 17 años, con el fin de generar nueva información para otras investigaciones en el área sexual y de igual manera implementar actividades formativas dirigidas al fortalecimiento de comportamientos que permitan una sexualidad responsable, evitando los vacíos de conocimientos sobre formas de contagio para Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Humana (VIH y la utilización del preservativo en los diferentes tipos de relaciones sexuales, determinantes que inciden en la salud integral del adolescente.

  7. Among Paulas, Martas, Pedros, Anas... in order to understand the complex subjects/knowledge relations in the context of historical learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Eloisa Caimi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available We comprehend the learning room as a space where teachers and students knowledge cross it other, permeated by the idiosyncrasies from the society that surrounds the school. This study aims know the pedagogical practice of two teachers in the history teaching for the formers years of the fundamental school, to comprehend as the work that they develop interfere in the student’s historical knowledge construction. The study of case method of survey had the contribution of the teachers of two municipal schools from Londrina. The data, collected through the observation inside the learning room and semi structured interviews with the teachers, were analyzed from the theoretical assumptions announced by Isabel Barca, Hilary Cooper and Keity Barton. We concluded that there are similarities and differences on the teacher’s practice and the students behavior in both classrooms. From a general view, the work with the history is based, nearly exclusively, in the didactical book reading and in the demand to the students retain the information from it. There’s a silence in front of the questions raised by the students about the content and the mechanisms that permit the students to comprehend that the past can have many interpretations are inexistent.

  8. Abundância e sazonalidade de Bothriurus signatus (Arachnida, Scorpiones em diferentes formações vegetais em São Francisco de Paula, RS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Ott

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado levantamento de escorpiões em serrapilheira de três tipos de formações vegetais (florestas primárias, florestas secundárias e silviculturas em área de Floresta com Araucária no Sul do Brasil. Para a coleta foram utilizadas armadilhas de queda ao longo de 20 meses. No total foram amostrados 165 escorpiões de apenas uma espécie identificada como Bothriurus signatus Pocock, 1893. Machos foram mais abundantes que fêmeas e jovens. A espécie foi mais abundante em áreas de floresta primária e silvicultura do que na floresta secundária. A maior atividade dos escorpiões foi registrada durante a primavera. O comprimento total dos escorpiões adultos coletados variou de 3,05 a 4,52 cm sendo que machos foram significativamente maiores que fêmeas. Nenhuma fêmea grávida foi registrada entre os indivíduos coletados.

  9. Sedimentation of Particulate Organic Matter in the Dona Paula Bay, West Coast of India during November to May 1995-97.

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Bhaskar, P.V.; Cardozo, E.; Giriyan, A.; Garg, A.; Bhosle, N.B.

    particle flux study in the Santa Monica San Pedro Basin off Los Angeles: particle flux, primary production and transmissometer study. Continental Shelf Research 7: 307-328. Olesen, M. and Lundsgaard, C. 1996 Seasonal sedimentation of autochthonous...

  10. Rezension von: Julia Reuter, Paula-Irene Villa (Hg.: Postkoloniale Soziologie. Empirische Befunde, theoretische Anschlüsse, politische Intervention. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag 2010.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Streicher

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Welche Inspirationen und Anforderungen ergeben sich aus dem Projekt der ‚Dekolonisierung‘ der Soziologie auf der theoretischen, konzeptionellen und empirischen Ebene für die deutsche soziologische Debatte? Die im Band versammelten Beiträge bieten erste Versuche zur Beantwortung dieser Fragen. Während Selbstreflexivität großgeschrieben wird, mangelt es auch diesem Band noch an empirischer Fundierung der postkolonialen Kritik.

  11. Rezension von: Paula Villa, Barbara Thiessen (Hg.: Mütter – Väter: Diskurse, Medien, Praxen. Münster: Verlag Westfälisches Dampfboot 2009.

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    Margret Karsch

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Die vielseitigen Beiträge des Sammelbandes lassen deutlich werden, dass die Bilder von Geschlechterrollen und Elternschaft sowie die medialen Angebote hierzu und die Alltagspraxis von Frauen und Männern sich gegenseitig beeinflussen, aber keinesfalls deckungsgleich sind. Im Gegenteil, die mannigfaltigen Widersprüche treten umso deutlicher hervor, je mehr die gesellschaftlichen und individuellen Anforderungen auseinanderklaffen, die sich aus den unterschiedlichen Konstruktionen von Elternschaft ergeben. Zwar haben sich die Geschlechterrollen verändert, so dass die individuellen Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten gewachsen sind, ein struktureller gesellschaftlicher Wandel aber hat sich noch nicht vollzogen.

  12. Dynamics of amino acids in the conditioning film developed on glass panels immersed in the surface seawaters of Dona Paula Bay

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Bhosle, N.B.; Garg, A.; Fernandes, L.; Citon, P.

    system (Shimazdu, Model 1) consisting of a quaternary solvent delivery pump, degasser, auto injector, column oven, fluorescence detector, ODS guard column (4.6 ID, 4.5 cm length, 10 mm particle size) and a reversed phase Shim-Pack HRC-ODS analytical...

  13. Seasonal variation of major elements (Ca, Mg) and trace metals (Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn) and cultured mussel Perna viridis L. and seawater in the Dona Paula Bay, Goa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rivonker, C.U.; Parulekar, A.H.

    The major elements and trace metals were analysed from nussel tissue and the seawater taken from three depths (0, 5 and 9 meters) from the culture site. Range of variation in Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn were 226-399; 708-1329; 0.005-0.084; BDL-0...

  14. Using Health Data - Applying Technology to Work Smarter Grain Heather Proctor Paula Using Health Data - Applying Technology to Work Smarter 276 + CD Elsevier 9780729538893 0729538893 [Formula: see text].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    The title gives the impression that this book will be about the collection and analysis of healthcare data, but its actual focus is how to use the Microsoft Office 2007 suite of programs in the healthcare setting.

  15. INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IN TREE COMPONENT OF FOREST FRAGMENTS IN SÃO FRANCISCO DE PAULA - RIO GRANDE DO SUL

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    Daniele Guarienti Rorato

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to characterize the influence of the soil and topography in the tree component of the fragments, in around the Divisa Reservoir, in the region of the Campos de Cima da Serra, Southern Brazil. The vegetation survey was conducted in four fragments, with each plot (10 x 20 m performed the identification and measurement of the circumference at breast height (CAP of subjects with CAP ≥ 30 cm. The vegetation data were subjected to cluster analysis. In addition, environmental variables were obtained as an average slope of plots and soil samples at 0-20 cm depth. The correlation between vegetation data and environmental data was performed by means of Canonical Correspondence Analysis. The soil physical characteristics showed no influence on the groups formed and species. In the geldings, the constant presence of cattle influenced negatively the structure of the understory, as well as the chemical characteristics of the soil. Aluminium and aluminum saturation have higher influenced on the predominant species of riparian vegetation as influenced copper and sulfur species present in geldings. Species such as Araucaria angustifolia, Eugenia uruguayensis, Blepharocalyx salicifolius, Calyptranthes concinna, Lithraea brasiliensis, Myrsine coriacea, Ocotea pulchella and Sebastiania commersoniana are adapted to riparian and can be used in the recovery and enrichment of these environments.

  16. Naturalizm a fakty semantyczne. Rozważania nad semantycznym deflacjonizmem Paula Horwicha (NATURALISM AND SEMANTIC FACTS. ON PAUL HORWICH'S SEMANTIC DEFLATIONISM

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    Aleksandra Derra

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The article consist of three parts, in which the authoress analyses Paul Horwich's semantic deflationism as an example of naturalistic theory of language. In the first introductory part, she introduces the basic theses of the theory of truth and theory of meaning given by Horwich. In the second, she proposes terminological solutions concerning naturalism and reductionism. In the third substantial part, she presents some objections to the postulated reductionist consequences of Horwich's theory that can be found in the literature. She claims that his theory is in fact naturalistic, but not reductionist in a way described by Horwich's opponents. In the last part, she discusses the problem of normativity in the context of the presented theory, pointing out that some of Horwich's proposals are insufficient and need to be supplemented.

  17. MAPEAMENTO GEOMORFOLÓGICO DA ÁREA ABRANGIDA PELA CARTA TOPOGRÁFICA DE SANTA MARIA – RS COMO SUBSÍDIO AO PLANEJAMENTO AMBIENTAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilene Dias do Nascimento

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa geomorfológica tem como propósito reconhecer e interpretar os fenômenos que tenham como expressão as formas do relevo da terra. Nesse sentido, o presente trabalho de pesquisa teve como finalidade o mapeamento e a análise geomorfológica da área abrangida pela Carta Topográfica de Santa Maria – RS, baseado na metodologia dos estudos geomorfológicos, desenvolvidos no Leste Europeu. Esses são fundamentados nas idéias de Walter Penk, nos conceitos de Morfoestrutura e Morfoescultura de Gerasimov e Mescherikov (1968 e no tratamento técnico da Taxonomia de Relevo desenvolvido por Ross (1992, para fins de planejamento ambiental. Como material de apoio utilizou-se Cartas Topográficas de Santa Maria em escalas 1:250.000 e 1:50.000, mapas geomorfológicos, geológicos, climáticos, hidrográficos e de solos do RS, imagens de satélite e os Softwares Spring e Corel Draw. A unidade morfoestrutural identificada é a Bacia Sedimentar do Paraná que corresponde ao 1º táxon. Inseridas nessa unidade foram individualizadas três unidades morfoesculturais distintas, correspondentes ao 2º táxon. Ao norte a Porção Sul dos Planaltos e Chapadas da Bacia do Paraná, ao sul, a Depressão Periférica Sul-Rio-grandense e entre essas duas o Rebordo do Planalto da Bacia do Paraná. Na Porção Sul dos Planaltos e Chapadas da Bacia do Paraná predominam as formas denudacionais (3º táxon de superfícies planas (Dp, com topos convexos (Dc e com topos tabulares (Dt (4º táxon e vertentes convexas (5º táxon. Na Depressão Periférica Sul-rio-grandense predominam as formas agradacionais de planície fluvial (Apf e as formas denudacionais de topos convexos (Dc e de superfícies planas (Dp e vertentes côncavas a convexas. No Rebordo do Planalto da Bacia do Paraná, predominam as formas denudacionais, com topos convexos (Dc, com topos aguçados (Da e em formas de Escarpas (De, com padrão de dissecação muito elevados e vertentes retilíneas a

  18. Análise faunística das formigas epígeas (Hymenoptera, Formicidae em campo nativo no Planalto das Araucárias, Rio Grande do Sul Faunal analysis of epigaeic ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae in native fields of the Planalto das Araucárias, State of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emília Zoppas de Albuquerque

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo descreve a riqueza, a composição e o padrão de ocorrência de formigas epígeas em ambiente de campo nativo. As coletas foram realizadas em oito parcelas de campo, nas quais foram traçados dois transectos de 100 m, espaçados entre si cerca de 50 m. Ao longo dos transectos, a cada dez metros, foram instaladas armadilhas de solo e iscas de sardinha, a intervalos de dois metros, totalizando 20 iscas e 20 armadilhas por parcela. Coletas adicionais foram realizadas por captura manual das formigas encontradas no solo. No total foram coletadas 32 espécies de formigas epígeas, distribuídas em 16 gêneros, 12 tribos e cinco subfamílias. Comparando-se as riquezas observadas com os valores da riqueza estimada, tanto para as armadilhas como para as iscas, os números de espécies coletadas representaram, respectivamente, 79,4% e 69,4% da comunidade total estimada. Uma espécie da subfamília Formicinae, Acropyga goeldii foi registrada pela primeira vez para o Rio Grande do Sul.This paper describes the richness, composition and occurrence patterns of the epigaeic ants in native field areas. Eight field plots were sampled, in which two 100 m transects, distanced 50 m from each other, were traced. Along those transects, at every 10 m, pitfalls and sardine baits at intervals of two meters, were installed totalizing 20 pitfalls and 20 baits per plot. Additional collecting was performed by manual ant capture on the ground. In total 32 species of epigaeic ants were collected, distributed in 16 genera, 12 tribes and five subfamilies. By comparing the observed richness with the estimated richness for pitfalls as well as for baits, the numbers of collected species represented, respectively, 79.4% and 69.4% of the total estimated community. One species of the Formicinae subfamily, Acropyga goeldii, has been recorded for the first time in Rio Grande do Sul.

  19. 76 FR 17979 - Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) Request for Grant Proposals: Timor-Leste and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-31

    ... Diversity, Freedom and Democracy Guidelines Pursuant to the Bureau's authorizing legislation, programs must... encompass differences including, but not limited to ethnicity, race, gender, religion, geographic location... cultural exchange in countries whose people do not fully enjoy freedom and democracy,'' the Bureau ``shall...

  20. Crises gêmeas nos mercados emergentes: América Latina x Leste Asiático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tito Belchior Silva Moreira

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This article uses a crisis index based on an average of the variations in currency and financial crises indicators, referred to as "twin crises", adjusting them to the same volatility. Thus, the objective is to measure the degree of vulnerability to twin crises within a group of 19 countries in the context of the East Asian crisis. Based on the crisis index regarding data from 1996, the most vulnerable countries of the twin crises can be ordered and identified a year before the onset of the crises. East Asian countries, in contrast with Latin American countries, were identified as the most vulnerable to twin crises.

  1. Le Centre d'innovation pour la résilience de l'Afrique de l'Est | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    D'ici 2025, la pauvreté sera essentiellement concentrée dans les pays africains à faible revenu touchés par des conflits et de la violence. ... International Water Resources Association, in close collaboration with IDRC, is holding a webinar titled “Climate change and adaptive water management: Innovative solutions from the ...

  2. établissement de réseaux de TIC-D en Afrique centrale, de l'Est et ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    information et de la communication (TIC) à large bande dans certains pays des côtes est et ouest de l'Afrique. À cette fin, il financera l'établissement de réseaux de plaidoyer et de recherche en matière de TIC au service du développement ...

  3. Lest We Forget: A Critical Analysis of Bioterrorist Incidents, National Exercises, and U.S. Prevention, Response and Recovery Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    or sector . Defeating the threat will take a concerted, collaborative and integrated international approach involving allied governments; law...Venezuelan equine encephalitis from the ATCC. Shippers and receivers of these identified agents must now register with the CDC.113 The safeguarding...nongovernmental, private- sector , and voluntary organizations – to meet a common baseline of performance and certification standards.”142 Since Sept. 11

  4. Vulnerabilidade física de parte do litoral leste do Ceará à erosão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Thelma Rios Donato Marino

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the levels of physical vulnerability of coastal erosion segments, analyzed for 5 beaches of the coast of Ceará, in order to represent the reaction potential from the coast to the processes operating in the beach system and the effects of the use and occupation through a semi-quantitative approach. The levels of vulnerability and the processes of coastal erosion were established through integration of methodologies developed by Souza (1997; 2001, Souza (1999, Dominguez (1999, Souza & Suguio (2003, e Souza et al. (2005, also considering the particular characteristics of use and occupation, based on methodologies of Dal Cin & Simeoni (1994, Mallmann & Araújo (2010 and Projeto Orla (Brasil, 2006. Studies of this nature are important tools in the management processes and administration of coastal zones, allowing the indication of guidelines for a sustainable territorial development. It was possible to identify that coastal process and morphological factors, human interventions and attributes, as well as natural dynamics strongly influence the vulnerability of each beach. The results obtained show that areas which have very high vulnerability degree match the more urbanized cells and sectors, suggesting a more anthropic (man-made than natural control over the vulnerability. The index of the vulnerability degree to erosion, after the application of the methodologies, presented the same result for each bounded cell. However, these areas require specific and integrated studies, which would allow understanding the conditions and processes acting on the natural resources, in order to seek solutions to minimize the problems arising from the improper use and occupation, aiming to reach an environmental balance. The application of the results recorded can subsidize the elaboration of spatial planning of the beaches monitored, since in most of them the urbanization is accelerated and disordered.

  5. La liturgie céleste dans Le Paradis de Dante / The Heavenly Liturgy in Dante’s Paradise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puiu Ioniță

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Dante’s Paradise is the place where the soul arrives after having passed through the long path of sacrifice and difficulties which is meant to bring purification in order to be saved. It is the purged space of perfection and pure happiness, where the believers who have washed their clothes in the blood of the Lamb are in harmony, together with the angels, continuously praising the saving and triumphant Holy Trinity. It is the feast of the bog weeding, of the union between Christ and His Church, it is the divine Liturgy which is the union of the saints’ and the angels’ voices who worship the divine glory.

  6. Crises gêmeas nos mercados emergentes: América Latina x Leste Asiático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tito Belchior Silva Moreira

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This article uses a crisis index based on an average of the variations in currency and financial crises indicators, referred to as “twin crises ”, adjusting them to the same volatility. Thus, the objective is to measure the degree of vulnerability to twin crises within a group of 19 countries in the context of the East Asian crisis. Based on the crisis index regarding data from 1996, the most vulnerable countries of the twin crises can be ordered and identified a year before the onset of the crises. East Asian countries, in contrast with Latin American countries, were identified as the most vulnerable to twin crises.

  7. Cuba's "Yes, I Can" Mass Adult Literacy Campaign Model in Timor-Leste and Aboriginal Australia: A Comparative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boughton, Bob; Durnan, Deborah

    2014-01-01

    In the field of international adult education, mass literacy campaigns enjoyed wide support in the 20th century, when they were seen as a way to increase the participation of previously marginalised and excluded populations in national development. Cuba's 1961 campaign achieved iconic status, but was only one of many successful campaigns in Latin…

  8. Evolução da gravidez em adolescentes matriculadas no Serviço Pré-natal do Centro de Saúde Geraldo de Paula Souza, São Paulo (Brasil Evolution of pregnancy in adolescent mothers at the pre-natal clinic of the Health Centre Geraldo de Paula Souza, S. Paulo (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaldo Augusto Franco de Siqueira

    1981-10-01

    Full Text Available Foram estudados 136 casos de gestações em mulheres abaixo de 20 anos de idade, matriculadas em um serviço de pré-natal. Foi constatada incidência significativamente mais elevada de prematuridade e de baixo peso ao nascer, quando os resultados foram comparados aos de um grupo de gestantes matriculadas no mesmo serviço, Verificou-se ainda que o "status" sócio-econômico das gestantes adolescentes foi significativamente mais baixo. A incidência de cesáreas foi, também, significativamente menor, porém houve uma incidência maior de fórceps. O peso médio do recém-nascido foi significativamente menor na população estudada e, apesar de haver uma grande maioria de primigestas entre as adolescentes, a paridade não teve influência no peso do recém-nascido.A hundred and thirty six cases of pregnancy in women below the age of twenty, patients of a pre-natal clinic, were studied. There was found to be a significantly higher rate of premature births and of low-birth-weight, in comparison with a group of normal pregnant women, treated at the same clinic. It was also found that the socio-economic status of the pregnant teen-agers was considerably lower. The rate of cesarian sections was also considerably lower, but the rate of forceps was higher. The average weight of the newborn children was considerably lower in the population sample studied and despite there being a great majority of primipara among the adolescents, the factor parity had no influence on the weight of the newborn.

  9. Gestão de competitividade e políticas públicas de formação de mão-de-obra: o caso Centro Paula Souza Competitiveness management and public policies for workforce qualification: the case of the Paula Souza Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Trevisan

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Os trabalhadores mais jovens são os mais atingidos pela incompatibilidade entre o tipo de oferta e o perfil da demanda de mão-de-obra de padrão médio de qualificação. Há carência de estudos quanto à mão-de-obra operacional, fator relevante de competitividade. Os objetivos deste artigo são investigar origens e expectativas da clientela de escolas técnicas, identificar motivos das escolhas profissionais e avaliar as políticas públicas que buscam equilíbrio entre o conhecimento adquirido na escola e o exigido no mercado. A sustentação teórica da pesquisa está nos trabalhos de Naville, Maslow e Alderfer (quanto a motivações, adotando o modelo de Meister para avaliar vantagens competitivas. As entrevistas qualitativas com grupos de professores mostraram insatisfação com a política pública de seleção por mérito, enquanto as entrevistas com alunos constataram que as políticas públicas de formação técnica não atendem expectativas discentes. As trajetórias profissionais analisadas apresentam certa distância com estas expectativas. As entrevistas com os responsáveis por seleção e contratação das empresas do setor em que a clientela escolar é formada demonstraram fragilidade de vínculos entre a escola e a empresa, com os bancos eletrônicos de currículos alcançando prioridade ante a oferta da clientela da escola técnica.Younger workers are the most affected by the incompatibility between labor offer and the demand for a medium standard qualification. There is a great need for studies on the operational workforce, which is a relevant competitiveness factor. This article's objectives are to investigate backgrounds and expectations from technical school student bodies, to identify motives for particular professional choices, and to evaluate public policies which seek a balance between school-acquired knowledge and expected knowledge in the workplace. The research found theoretical bases on previous work by Naville, Maslow and Aldefer (concerning motivation, adopting Meister's model for evaluating competitive advantages. The qualitative interviews with groups of teachers showed dissatisfaction regarding public policies of merit-based selection, while interviews with students proved that public policies for technical development do not meet their expectations. The interviews with the personnel responsible for selecting and hiring in companies which have students as their clients showed fragile ties between the schools and the companies, with precedence of electronic résumé databases over technical school clients.

  10. Uso de regressões logísticas múltiplas para mapeamento digital de solos no Planalto Médio do RS Multiple logistic regression applied to soil survey in rio grande do sul state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Ribeiro Figueiredo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Regressões nominais logísticas estabelecem relações matemáticas entre variáveis independentes contínuas ou discretas e variáveis dependentes discretas. Essas foram avaliadas quanto ao seu potencial em predizer a ocorrência e distribuição de classes de solos na região dos municípios de Ibirubá e Quinze de Novembro (RS. A partir de modelo numérico de terreno digital (MNT com 90 m de resolução, foram calculadas variáveis de terreno topográficas (elevação, declividade e curvatura e hidrográficas (distância dos rios, índice de umidade topográfica, comprimento de fluxo de escoamento e índice de poder de escoamento. Foram então estabelecidas regressões logísticas múltiplas entre as classes de solos da região com base em levantamento tradicional na escala 1:80.000 e as variáveis de terreno. As regressões serviram para calcular a probabilidade de ocorrência de cada classe de solo, e o mapa final de solos estimado foi produzido atribuindo-se a cada célula do mapa a denominação da classe de solo com maior probabilidade de ocorrência. Observou-se acurácia geral (AG de 58 % e acurácia pelo coeficiente Kappa de Cohen de 38 %, comparando-se o mapa original com o mapa estimado dentro da escala original. Uma simplificação de escala foi pouco significativa para o aumento da acurácia do mapa, sendo 61 % de AG e 39 % de Kappa. Concluiu-se que as regressões logísticas múltiplas apresentaram potencial preditivo para serem usadas como ferramentas no mapeamento supervisionado de solos.Logistic nominal regressions establish mathematical relations between continuous or discrete independent variables and discrete dependent variables. The prediction potential of the occurrence and distribution of soil classes in the region Ibirubá and Quinze de Novembro, RS, Brazil was evaluated. Using a digital elevation model (DEM with 90 m resolution, were calculated several topographic characteristics (elevation, slope, and curvature and hydrographic variables (distance to rivers, flow length, topographical wetness index, and stream power index. Multiple logistic regressions were established between the soil classes mapped on the basis of a traditional survey at a scale of 1:80.000 and the land variables calculated using the DEM. The regressions were used to calculate the probability of occurrence of each soil class. The final estimated soil map was drawn by assigning the soil class with highest probability of occurrence to each cell. The general accuracy was evaluated at 58 % and the Kappa coefficient at 38 % in a comparison of the original soil map with the map estimated at the original scale. A legend simplification had little effect to increase the general accuracy of the map (general accuracy of 61 % and Kappa coefficient of 39 %. It was concluded that multiple logistic regressions have a predictive potential as tool of supervised soil mapping.

  11. Monge João Maria na tradição religiosa popular do planalto meridional do Brasil = João Maria monk in popular religious tradition of southern plateau of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karsburg, Alexandre de Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente projeto de pesquisa vem sendo desenvolvido junto ao Programa de Pós Graduação em História da Universidade Federal de Pelotas e tem por objetivo reconstruir o processo histórico de uma das mais marcantes e duradouras devoções populares surgidas nas Américas: a crença no Monge João Maria. Iniciada na década de 1840 a partir da peregrinação do italiano João Maria de Agostini por vários países do continente americano, desde então a devoção vem sendo ressignificada pelas pessoas em um processo criativo e autônomo, servindo há mais de um século como elemento identitário e que estrutura a sociabilidade. Atingindo um vasto território que inclui pontos dos estados do Paraná, Santa Catarina e Rio Grande do Sul, com repercussões no norte da Argentina, a devoção configurou-se como verdadeiro patrimônio cultural e imaterial de pessoas que têm no monge um de seus principais santos. Além da pesquisa histórica propriamente dita, desejamos realizar um mapeamento dos locais de memória atualmente associados à devoção ao Monge João Maria. Este Mapa da Devoção será apresentado aos órgãos oficiais na tentativa de obter seu reconhecimento como patrimônio imaterial das populações, a fim de contribuir para a preservação de locais e crenças

  12. RESISTÊNCIA DE ISCAS GRANULADAS, DISTRIBUÍDAS A GRANEL E EM MICROPORTA-ISCAS, À AÇÃO DA UMIDADE EM PLANTIO DE Pinus taeda NO PLANALTO SUL-CATARINENSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Alexandre Buratto

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Control programs for leaf-cutting ants of the genus Acromyrmex in southern Brazil are poorly studied and the information comes from the control of the genus Atta and the damage caused by leaf-cutting ants in Eucalyptus spp. This lack of information about this ant makes some forest companies of Santa Catarina repeat patterns that are not suitable for infestations and for the species of leaf-cutting ants that occur in this state. Along with this, an inadequate distribution of bulk granular baits, in the four seasons, which end up degraded by excessive moisture caused by fog and by constant rainfall occurring in the region. Given this context, the experiments of this work had the following objectives: identify the species of leaf-cutting ants; determine the nest density per unit area; analyze and evaluate the influence of the year and the rainfall stations in each season, about the conservation and degradation of granulated baits based on sulfluramide (0.3% in bulk and distributed in the form of bait holder. To do so, experiments in Dois Irmãos Farm, owned by Florestal Rio Marombas company in areas of Pinus taeda L., located in the municipality of São Cristóvão do Sul, in the southern highlands of Santa Catarina state were installed. It was concluded that: the only species found in the leaf-cutting ant Acromyrmex crassispinus area is assessed (FOREL, 1909. At the experimental site there are 17 nests, the average is 0.94 nests per hectare, less than 1 m² each apparent area; moisture from southern Santa Catarina plateau region degrades the granulated baits distributed in bulk; the granulated baits distributed in bulk remain conserved seven days in the spring and three days in other seasons; the granulated baits distributed in bait holder remain preserved 15 days in the summer and 30 days in other seasons; the bait holder presents greater resistance to moisture in the field in relation to granulated baits distributed in bulk; the opening of the bait holder, caused by partial consumption of the bait, which is a feature of ants Acromyrmex spp., accelerates the deterioration of the remaining baits inside it.

  13. Environmental restoration with forest trees in the Southern State of Parana grasslands Recuperação ambiental em áreas de estepe do Primeiro Planalto Paranaense, mediante plantio de espécies arbóreas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia Penno de Sousa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Human development activities as water reservoir construction have great impact on the vegetation, thus changing its floristic, as well as its structure and ecology functions. Parana Pine Forest alongside with grasslands have been highly modified and in particular to the last one, there are few works related to its restoration. In the border of Irai water reservoir (Metropolitan Region of Curitiba, PR, where occurs grasslands associated to the Parana Pine Forest, where it were established
    tree plantations aiming rescue tree vegetation lost due to the flooding. Inside these plantations, an experiment was established to compare growth and survival of eight local native species in 12 months, in single species plots and under the same environmental conditions. Results for the species Escallonia  montevidensis, Lafoensia pacari, Lithraea molleoides, Luehea divaricata, Mimosa scabrella, Podocarpus lambertii and Vitex megapotamica presented very undesirable attributes, where height ranged between 10 cm and 33 cm, diameter ranged between 2.5 mm a 6.6 mm and survival percentage was between 9.1 and 66. 7 . It was possible to claim these results to water deficit, soil with low base saturation, to delayed planting
    and to high plant evapotranspiration. Actions dealing with restoration must consider limits and possibilities concerning each phytoecological region and proper restoration techniques as well.A diversidade e a intensidade das atividades antrópicas implicam em grandes impactos sobre a vegetação,
    alterando sua florística, estrutura e funções. A Floresta Ombrófila Mista, assim como as estepes, estão fortemente descaracterizadas, tendo essas últimas poucas e incipientes informações sobre recuperação ambiental. Às margens da Represa do Iraí (Região Metropolitana de Curitiba, PR, em área de estepe associada à Floresta Ombrófila Mista, foram realizados plantios com espécies arbóreas como forma de dar início à reconstituição da flora arbórea perdida em decorrência do alagamento. Em meio a esses, foi instalado um experimento com o objetivo de avaliar o crescimento e a sobrevivência de oito espécies arbóreas nativas da região, aos 12 meses, estabelecidas em parcelas monoespecíficas e sob mesmas condições ambientais. Os dados de Escallonia montevidensis, Lafoensia pacari, Lithraea molleoides, Luehea divaricata, Mimosa scabrella, Podocarpus lambertii e Vitex megapotamica foram insatisfatórios, com alturas que variaram de 10 cm a 33 cm,
    diâmetro de colo entre 2,5 mm a 6,6 mm e sobrevivência entre 9,1 % a 66, 7 %. Atribuíram-se esses resultados a hipóteses como déficit hídrico, solos com dessaturação por bases, época de plantio tardia e evapotranspiração intensificada. Em ações de recuperação ambiental, é necessário considerar os limites e possibilidades referentes à cada unidade fitoecológica e às técnicas de recuperação.

  14. A direção de turma: condições de exercício e melhoria - um estudo junto de diretores de turma do Planalto Mirandês

    OpenAIRE

    João, Serafim dos Santos Fernandes

    2013-01-01

    Através do estudo que apresentamos “A Direção de Turma - estatuto sociopro-fissional, condições de exercício e de melhoria do desempenho “, procuramos analisar a problemática do exercício do cargo de diretor de turma, tanto na literatura como na con-ceção de uma amostra de professores, de forma a propor melhorias no seu estatuto, nas condições do exercício do cargo e no desempenho profissional. O cargo de diretor de turma tem sido alvo de um acréscimo de tarefas a desen-volver, que incidem...

  15. Anatomia foliar de quatro espécies do gênero Cattleya Lindl. (Orchidaceae) do Planalto Central Brasileiro Foliar anatomy of four species of genus Cattleya Lindl. (Orchidaceae) of the Brazilian Central Planalt

    OpenAIRE

    Rosane Zanenga-Godoy; Cecilia Gonçalves Costa

    2003-01-01

    As espécies analisadas (Cattleya araguaiensis Pabst, C. bicolor Lindl., C. nobilior Rchb. e C. walkeriana Gardn.) apresentam epiderme uniestratificada em ambas as faces da lâmina foliar, ocorrendo estômatos na face abaxial; deposição de cera epicuticular em crostas, escamas, flocos e plaquetas; em C. araguaiensis ocorrem estegmatas incrustados nas células epidérmicas; em todas as espécies ocorre hipoderme com células de paredes espessadas; mesofilo bifacial, compacto; células paliçádicas atíp...

  16. Anatomia foliar de quatro espécies do gênero Cattleya Lindl. (Orchidaceae do Planalto Central Brasileiro Foliar anatomy of four species of genus Cattleya Lindl. (Orchidaceae of the Brazilian Central Planalt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosane Zanenga-Godoy

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available As espécies analisadas (Cattleya araguaiensis Pabst, C. bicolor Lindl., C. nobilior Rchb. e C. walkeriana Gardn. apresentam epiderme uniestratificada em ambas as faces da lâmina foliar, ocorrendo estômatos na face abaxial; deposição de cera epicuticular em crostas, escamas, flocos e plaquetas; em C. araguaiensis ocorrem estegmatas incrustados nas células epidérmicas; em todas as espécies ocorre hipoderme com células de paredes espessadas; mesofilo bifacial, compacto; células paliçádicas atípicas, com barras de espessamento; feixes vasculares colaterais dispostos alternadamente, acompanhados por bainha de fibras; cordões fibrosos acompanhados por estegmatas ocorrem longitudinalmente na lâmina foliar; presença de ráfides. Os aspectos descritos revelam acentuada xeromorfia, em função de economia de água.The analyzed species (Cattleya araguaiensis Pabst, C. bicolor Lindl., C. nobilior Rchb. e C. walkeriana Gardn. present unistratified epidermis at both surfaces with stomata at abaxial surface; deposition of epicuticular wax in crusts, scales, granules and plates; C. araguaiensis presents stegmata at epidermal cells; others characteristics present at all species are: hypodermis cells with thick walls; bifacial and compact mesophyll; atipic cells ofpalisade parenchyma with thichness bars; collateral vascular bundles alternate accompanied by sheath fibers; cordon fibers accompanied by stegmata in the foliar blade; raphids. The described aspects reveal accentuate xeromorphy for water economy.

  17. Project Pocos de Caldas Plateau: cancer research and natural radioactivity - incidence and risk behavior; Projeto Planalto Pocos de Caldas: pesquisa cancer e radiacao natural - incidencia e comportamento de risco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Antoniazzi, Berenice Navarro [Secretaria de Estado de Saude de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Programa de Avaliacao e Vigilancia do Cancer; Silva, Nivaldo Carlos da [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (LAPOC/CNEN), Pocos de Caldas, MG (Brazil). Laboratorio de Pocos de Caldas; Cunha, Tarcisio Neves da [Instituto Nacional de Cancer Jose Alencar Gomes da Silva (INCa), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Otero, Ubirani Barros [Secretaria Municipal de Saude de Pocos de Caldas (RCBP), MG (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    It has been well established by epidemiological studies that long term exposure due to radon increases the risk of lung cancer. While smoking continues to account for the bulk of lung cancers, it is been estimated that radon accounts for around 10% of all lung cancers. There is a synergistic relationship between smoking and radon and exposure due to radon is the primary cause of lung cancer in non-smokers. Recognizing the importance of radon as a source of radiation exposure, the IAEA safety standard Radiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety Standards (generally referred to simply as the BSS) contains requirements aimed at reducing the associated risks. The BSS requires Member States to provide information on the levels of radon indoors and the associated health effects, and if appropriate, to establish and implement a radon action plan for controlling public exposure due to radon indoors. Although not specifically stated, it is clear that in order to decide whether or not an action plan is necessary, some measurement data must be available on the concentrations of radon present indoors. To assist in the implementation of the BSS, the Agency has also developed a Safety Guide: Protection of the Public against Exposure indoors due do Radon and Other Natural Sources of Radiation. This Safety Guide provides guidance on establishing and implementing a national radon action plan; developing national radon policy; undertaking national and regional surveys of radon in dwellings; measurement protocols; setting a reference level for dwellings; defining radon prone areas; radon control through building codes; and evaluation of programme effectiveness. While many sources of radiation exposure are not amenable to control, proven and effective building practices exist to limit the accumulation of radon in new buildings and cost-effective corrective actions have been developed to reduce high radon concentrations in existing buildings. The radiation protection and public health authorities therefore need to work in a cooperative manner with professionals, such as architects and engineers, and the relevant government agencies to ensure the development and implementation of appropriate building codes as an integral part of any national radon action plan. The requirements in the BSS reflect the importance of radon as a source of radiation exposure, in keeping witch the high priority given to this issue by other international organizations and by several Member States. These requirements can be summarized as follows: Information, whether or not you have a national radon action plan; Measurements, to decide if you need a national radon action plan; National Radon Action Plan, establish, implement and evaluate. Brazil is now starting out on a well-travelled path and a wealth of international experience is available. It is important to get the balance right, to adopt a graded approach by ensuring that the stringency of action is commensurate with the level of risk. Any radon action plan must also be seen in the light of the more general public health programme and must be justified in the same way as other public health initiatives. Nevertheless, exposure due to radon can represent a serious risk for many individuals and now is the time to act.

  18. Maria Índia, ou a fronteira da colonização: trabalho, migração e política no planalto sul de Angola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiana Bastos

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo examina um peculiar e pouco conhecido episódio de colonização ocorrido no Sul de Angola na década de 1880, em que migrantes empobrecidos da Ilha da Madeira foram mobilizados pelo governo português para garantir a ocupação do território de fronteira no contexto da competição europeia pela África. A análise das fontes primárias revela improvisos, precariedades e ambiguidades que a história colonial produzida no século XX veio a apagar e substituir por uma narrativa de heroísmo e pioneirismo.This article analyses a peculiar and obscure episode in the colonial history of southern Angola. In the 1880s, the Portuguese government sponsored the settlement in the Huíla plateau of a group of impoverished migrants from the island of Madeira. This was part of a strategy of guaranteeing territorial control, frontier expansion and definition of borders in the context of the "European scramble for Africa". The study of primary sources reveals a great deal of improvisation, fragilities and ambiguities that the colonial history written in the 20th century rapidly erased and replaced for a narrative of pioneering heroism and white entitlement.

  19. Estudo comparativo da automedicação praticada por estudantes dos cursos das áreas de Ciências da Saúde, Humanas, Exatas e Sociais da Universidade do Planalto Catarinense – UNIPLAC

    OpenAIRE

    Marli Adelina SOUZA; Bruna HOELLER; Everley Rosane GOETZ

    2015-01-01

    O estudo teve por objetivo pesquisar e analisar o hábito da automedicação entre estudantes dos cursos de Medicina, Engenharia Civil, Pedagogia e Direito da UNIPLAC, verificando além da prevalência da automedicação, o uso desta prática devido ao nível de estresse que cada curso proporciona e as classes dos fármacos, justificando o uso como auxiliares para um bom desempenho nos estudos. O estudo caracterizou-se como observacional, transversal, descritivo, no qual 121 estudantes fora...

  20. Estudo comparativo da automedicação praticada por estudantes dos cursos das áreas de Ciências da Saúde, Humanas, Exatas e Sociais da Universidade do Planalto Catarinense – UNIPLAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marli Adelina SOUZA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available O estudo teve por objetivo pesquisar e analisar o hábito da automedicação entre estudantes dos cursos de Medicina, Engenharia Civil, Pedagogia e Direito da UNIPLAC, verificando além da prevalência da automedicação, o uso desta prática devido ao nível de estresse que cada curso proporciona e as classes dos fármacos, justificando o uso como auxiliares para um bom desempenho nos estudos. O estudo caracterizou-se como observacional, transversal, descritivo, no qual 121 estudantes foram entrevistados. Utilizou-se como instrumento para a coleta de dados, um questionário fechado. A predominância foi do sexo feminino, a média de idade foi de aproximadamente 28 anos, renda familiar acima de quatro salários mínimos. Foi verificado que 71,1% dos estudantes consideraram seu curso estressante, sendo o curso de Medicina considerado o mais estressante e o de Direito, menos estressante. Com relação à automedicação, a partir dos quatro cursos analisados, alunos de Direito e Engenharia Civil apresentaram a mesma percepção de 39%, 40% na Medicina e na Pedagogia 63,6%. As vitaminas foram os medicamentos mais utilizados, seguidos de tranquilizantes e antidepressivos. Tais resultados são sugestivos da necessidade de informar à população sobre o uso correto e seguro de medicamentos.

  1. Efeito da fertilização fosfatada na culturada batata (solanum tuberosum l. no planalto do huambo (Angola Effects of phosphorus fertilization on potato (solanum tuberosum l. crop production, in huambo country (Angola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imaculada da Conceição Henriques

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Relatam-se ensaios realizados, no ano agrícola 2004/5, em blocos completos casualizados, para estudo do efeito na produção de doses de fertilização fosfatada da cultivar de batata-semente importada ‘Romano’ e da cultivar regional ‘Tchigembo’, plantadas em duas datas (Outubro e Fevereiro da época das chuvas e numa terceira data (Junho, na época seca, praticada em regadio. Os ensaios foram repetidos em três locais da Província do Huambo - Bailundo, Chianga e Calenga - distanciados de cerca de 50 km. Avaliaram-se os efeitos, na produção total e comercial de tubérculos (diâmetro > 25 mm, de diferentes doses de fósforo, na forma de superfosfato simples (24% de P2O5, tendo-se aplicado uniformemente ureia (300 kg ha-1 de N, fraccionada em três aplicações. As doses de fósforo ensaiadas foram 0, 50, 100, 200, 400 e 800 kg ha-1 de P2O5, comparadas com uma testemunha sem qualquer aplicação de fertilizante, azotado ou fosfatado. As modalidades de fertilização azotada receberam, uniformemente 300 de azoto. A dose que maior benefício económico originou, sem desperdício de químicos para o meio ambiente, foi a de 200 kg ha-1 de P2O5.Several trials were carried out to compare total and commercial potato yield of the imported cultivar ‘Romano’ and the regional cultivar ‘Tchigembo’, planted in two dates on rain season (October and February and in a third date (June, in dry season, with irrigation. The trials were repeated in three locations of the Huambo country - Bailundo, Chianga and Calenga. The effects on total and commercial (tubers diameter > 25 mm potato yields of different amounts of phosphorus, applied with single superphosphate (24% of P2O5 were evaluated. Treatments were: control (any type of soil fertilization null, 50, 100, 200, 400, and 800 kg ha-1 of P2O5. Phosphorus treatments received also 300 kg ha-1 of nitrogen (urea applied uniformly, in three times. The greatest economic benefice for both potato varieties was 200 kg ha-1 of P2O5.

  2. Saksa kunstiklassika Worpswede külakesest / Mai Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mai, 1942-

    2000-01-01

    Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis saksa maalikunsti näitus "Paula Modersohn-Becker ja teised Worpswede kunstnikud 1895-1906". Pikemalt modernistliku primitivismi esindaja Paula Modersohn-Beckeri loomingust

  3. 77 FR 6785 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; List of Gear by Fisheries and Fishery...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-09

    ... to Paula N. Evans (301) 427-8557 or Paula.Evans@noaa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract... hours and cost) of the proposed collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and...

  4. [Raamat] / Andra Teede

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teede, Andra, 1988-

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustus: Pervik, Aino. Paula lõpetab lasteaia / illustreerinud Piret Raud. Tallinn : Tiritamm, 2007. (Tähenärija Raamatukogu) ; Pervik, Aino. Paula esimene koolipäev / illustreerinud Piret Raud. Tallinn : Tiritamm, 2007. (Tähenärija Raamatukogu)

  5. Decatur: Výskum Paula F. Lazarsfelda a Elihu Katza o názorovom vodcovstve v oblastiach marketingu, módy, vecí verejných a návštevnosti kina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Kollár

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to introduce one of the classical sociological research conducted by Paul F. Lazarsfeld and Elihu Katz in the city of Decatur (Illinois in the Midwest of United States in 1955. The subject of the research was nonformal everyday interpersonal influence in areas of marketing, fashion, public affairs and movie going and the object was the population of women older 16 years (n = 718. By means of indicators of life cycle, social status and gregariousness the research report describes the profiles of opinion leaders in given areas and provides an answer to question if the two step flow of communication hypotheses is applicable in mentioned spheres of social life.

  6. Decatur: Výskum Paula F. Lazarsfelda a Elihu Katza o názorovom vodcovstve v oblastiach marketingu, módy, vecí verejných a návštevnosti kina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Kollár

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to introduce one of the classical sociological research conducted by Paul F. Lazarsfeld and Elihu Katz in the city of Decatur (Illinois in the Midwest of United States in 1955. The subject of the research was nonformal everyday interpersonal influence in areas of marketing, fashion, public affairs and movie going and the object was the population of women older 16 years (n = 718. By means of indicators of life cycle, social status and gregariousness the research report describes the profiles of opinion leaders in given areas and provides an answer to question if the two step flow of communication hypotheses is applicable in mentioned spheres of social life.

  7. Using health data: applying technology to work smarter Heather Grain Paula Procter Elsevier Using health data: applying technology to work smarter £20.99 276pp 9780729538893 0729538893 [Formula: see text].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-07

    THE TITLE of this book may give the impression that it concerns the collection and analysis of healthcare data, but it is actually about how to use Microsoft office 2007 software in healthcare settings.

  8. Note rétrospective sur l'histoire de la pomme de terre Solarium tuberosum dans l'Est du Zaïre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ngoy Kadiebwe, N.

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Retrospective note on history of the potato Solanum tuberosum in Eastern Zaire. Potato is after cassava and sweet potato, the third culture practished in Ituri area. In this respect, it highly contributes to the feeding of the population and at the same time is a source of their income. There is no indication as when potato culture has been broughtin Ituri. However, research works on this speculation have well begun in 1941 but were suspended in 1959 due to political crisis is... preceded our independance. They have effectively started again in the beginning of 1989, yet no result is given. Despite favorable ecological conditions its expansion is slow nowadays owing to difficulties such as insufficience of selected seeds as well as ignorance of conservation techniques.

  9. Produção de cultivares de nespereira na região Leste paulista Production of loquat tree cultivars in Eastern São Paulo State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Pio

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a capacidade produtiva das cultivares de nêspera (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl. Mizuho, Centenária, Mizumo, Mizauto e Néctar de Cristal, em Jundiaí, SP. As mudas, formadas com porta-enxertos de 'Mizumo', foram plantadas em campo em blocos ao acaso. Do terceiro ao sexto ano de plantio, quantificaram-se o número e a massa de matéria fresca dos frutos, a produção total por planta e as médias dos quatro anos de produção. Determinaram-se o comprimento, a largura, a relação sólidos solúveis totais (SST e a acidez total titulável (ATT. As cultivares Mizuho, Mizumo, Mizauto e Néctar de Cristal apresentaram as maiores produções de frutos, acima de 14 kg por planta em média. 'Centenária' e 'Mizumo' apresentaram os maiores resultados de massa de matéria fresca dos frutos, acima de 30 g por fruto, e a melhor razão SST/ATT.The objective of this work was to evaluate the yield of the loquat tree (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl. cultivars Centenária, Mizuho, Mizumo, Mizauto and Néctar de Cristal. The seedlings grown on cultivar Mizumo rootstocks were planted in the field in a randomized block design. From the third to the sixth year after planting, evaluations were made for fruit number, fresh weight, total yield per plant and the average data of four consecutive years. The length and width, the total soluble solids (TSS and the total titrable acidity (TTA were determined. The cultivars Mizuho, Mizumo, Mizauto and Néctar de Cristal showed the highest fruit yield, over 14 kg per plant, on average. The fruit fresh weight best results were observed for 'Centenária' and 'Mizumo', over 30 g per fruit. Both cultivars also showed the better ratio SST/ATT.

  10. Benthic images collected at coral reef sites in Timor-Leste from 2012-10-15 to 2014-10-09 (NCEI Accession 0166378)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Photographs of the seafloor were collected during benthic photo-quadrat surveys conducted by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) in hard bottom shallow...

  11. La répartition géographique des poissons d'eau douce en France : qui est autochtone et qui ne l'est pas ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PERSAT H.

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Les bouleversements intervenus ces dernières décennies dans la composition de l'ichtyofaune d'eau douce française incitent, d'une part, à faire un bilan de la situation présente (cf. l'Atlas des poissons d'eau douce de France et, d'autre part, à promouvoir une politique de gestion cohérente avec le principe de protection du patrimoine biologique naturel. Cette notion de patrimoine reste toutefois à définir. En effet, les changements actuels ne sont que les derniers d'une longue série, où l'homme est un acteur capital depuis plus longtemps qu'on ne le croit. De fait, beaucoup des espèces dites françaises n'ont probablement pas de valeur patrimoniale dans nombre de nos bassins fluviaux. Le présent article a pour ambition de décrire l'ampleur du problème et de solliciter la communauté scientifique, afin de rassembler les informations et développer les investigations selon un cadre géographique et historique précis.

  12. Suivre l'évolution des inégalités en Afrique de l'Est et en Afrique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 juin 2016 ... De plus, bien que les taux de fécondité soient globalement à la baisse, ils demeurent plus élevés chez les adolescentes des régions rurales et pauvres. En plus de suivre de près ces tendances, le rapport aide à cerner les facteurs qui changent la donne. La richesse entre en ligne de compte, bien entendu, ...

  13. Créer des possibilités d'emploi pour les jeunes en Afrique de l'Est ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    adéquation des besoins des employeurs du secteur privé avec les compétences offertes par les jeunes, et la facilitation de partenariats pour créer un système collaboratif et connecté qui met l'accent sur les besoins des jeunes.

  14. Le défi de l'hygiène dans les zones urbaines pauvres (Afrique de l'Est)

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) estime que l'amélioration de ... Sustainable Technologies, Gender Integration and Supportive Policy Framework ... Le Conseil des gouverneurs félicite Jean Lebel pour son nouveau mandat au ...

  15. Tectonic, stratigraphy and sedimentation during the Aptian along the Brazilian eastern margin; Tectonica, estratigrafia e sedimentacao no Andar Aptiano da margem leste brasileira

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dias, Jeferson Luiz [PETROBRAS, Santos, SP (Brazil). Gerencia de Interpretacao do Norte da Bacia de Santos]. E-mail: jefdias@petrobras.com.br

    2005-05-01

    The main tectonic, stratigraphic and sedimentary aspects of the Aptian Stage along the Brazilian Eastern Basins were analyzed based on data from 28 wells drilled by PETROBRAS, including the description of 750 meters of cores. The Aptian along the Eastern Margin (from Santos to Camamu-Almada basins) can be subdivided into 2 main packages with specific tectonic and sedimentary characteristics. The Lower Aptian (upper part of Jiquia to lower part of Alagoas local stages) is characterized by continental sedimentation under rift tectonics. Scarce marine incursions were recognized in this package. Sedimentation occurred mainly in grabens located in the central portions of the rift and in scattered grabens located in proximal areas. This caused sub aerial exposure of large proximal areas generating a regional unconformity called 'pre-Upper Aptian Unconformity'. The Upper Aptian (Upper Alagoas local stage) package was deposited under stable tectonic conditions in a sag basin. The lower portion of this unit is characterized by a fluvial-alluvial sedimentation with a widespread occurrence throughout the proximal areas of all marginal basins. Distal sediments however were deposited under shallow marine conditions. At the end of the Aptian a strong period of aridity and the presence of a volcanic barrier, the Sao Paulo High, allowed the deposition of a very thick evaporitic package ('Ibura Event'). These evaporites are estimated to be deposited in about 600,000 years. (author)

  16. Évaluation de la légitimité du secteur de la sécurité au Timor-Leste ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Belun, une organisation de la société civile timoraise, réalisera le projet avec son partenaire de longue date, l'Arnold A. Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies de l'Université Columbia. Ce partenariat appuiera le perfectionnement des compétences en recherche du personnel de Belun et renforcera les capacités de ...

  17. Analyse dendroecologique et dendroclimatique des gisements de bois de lacs de la taiga de l'est de l'Amerique du Nord

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gennaretti, Fabio

    The aim of this thesis was to reconstruct ecological processes and climate change in the taiga of Quebec over the last two millennia to understand factors that have strongly influenced the evolution of this majestic region. To obtain the finest spatial and temporal resolution in our analysis, we used annual growth rings of subfossil logs collected in six lakes as paleoecological and paleoclimatic proxies. Deposits of subfossil logs determine the structure of lake littoral ecosystems and support their food webs. Moreover, they may represent long-term carbon sinks. In the first chapter of the thesis, we described present-day stocks of subfossil logs in the selected littoral zones and established log residence time in the lakes by tree-ring or radio carbon dating. Dating also allowed precise identification of each fire that burned the riparian forests during the last millennium. This chapter showed that interactions between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in the taiga are strongly influenced by wildfires whose effects can persist for centuries because of strong postfire reductions of log recruitments in lakes. At a local scale, the amount of logs and carbon preserved in littoral stocks depends on the fire history of the last millennium that is specific to each site. At a regional scale, wildfires limit significantly the amount of carbon sequestered in littoral stocks of logs. These stocks represent a negligible fraction of the total taiga carbon storage despite the abundance of lakes and the long residence time of littoral logs (up to five millennia for buried logs). In the second chapter, we combined a detailed inventory of the present-day riparian forest situated along the shoreline of two lakes with the tree-ring dating of the subfossil logs accumulated in the littoral zones facing these shores. Our objective was to determine whether changes in current riparian forest structure and composition within a given site could be attributed to different fire histories over the last millennium and to show the impacts of past fires on tree mortality, density and growth. Using our impressive paleoecological dataset (n = 1037 logs) in combination with our present-day forest inventory, we were able to reconstruct millennial forest dynamics with an unprecedented high spatial (few hundreds of square meters) and temporal (annual) resolution. Our findings help explain how the present-day landscape diversity in the taiga reflects the fire history of the last millennium, which varies from site to site. Fires have caused persistent and cumulative impacts resulting in a progressive opening of the forest coyer along with exclusion of balsam fir, a fire-sensitive tree species. The taiga landscape is a mosaic of forest stands characterized by different times since fire and different postfire forest structure trajectories. In the third chapter, we used our network of millennial tree-ring chronologies developed from the collected subfossil logs to pro duce a regional reconstruction of July-August temperatures over the last 1100 years. Our network filled a wide gap in the north-hemispheric network of paleoclimate proxies with annual resolution used for temperature reconstructions of the last millennium (see IPCC report). Moreover, our reconstruction provided direct field evidence that the climate of Northeastern North America is particularly sensitive to volcanic forcing. Indeed, successive large eruptions triggered the beginning of cold episodes in the study area that persisted for decades. In particular, two series of eruptions, centered around the Samalas event in 1257 and the Tambora event in 1815, coincided with two abrupt temperature regime shifts. In Northeastern North America, these shifts marked the onset of the Little Ice Age and the beginning of its coldest phase, respectively. Our reconstruction also showed a well-expressed Medieval Climate Anomaly, which included a few decades significantly warmer than the last 10 years. Keywords : fire ecology; forest-lake interactions; large woody debris; Little Ice Age; Medieval Climate Anomaly; millennial tree-ring chronologies; plant-climate interactions; temperature regime shifts; trajectories of forest structure and composition; volcanic forcing.

  18. A Surgeon’s View on Endarterectomy and Stenting in 2011: Lest We Forget, It’s All About Preventing Stroke

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Naylor, A. Ross

    2012-01-01

    It has been nearly 60 years since Felix Eastcott published his seminal paper on carotid reconstruction, which paved the way for carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and then carotid artery stenting (CAS) to assume prominent roles in the prevention of stroke. Yet the ensuing 60 years has witnessed repeated cycles of challenges to practice, professional mistrust, conflicts of interest, dogmatic retention of traditional management strategies, inappropriate corporate interventions, and a general failure to adapt to new evidence. Even the performance of large-scale randomised trials has been associated with rancour and a lack of consensus. This article reviews the history of invasive interventions in the treatment of carotid disease and makes a plea to both the surgical and interventional communities that the fundamental priority must always be the prevention of stroke. It concludes with an appeal for colleagues to collaborate to determine how best to treat patients during the hyperacute period after the onset of symptoms and to identify a smaller cohort of asymptomatic patients who are truly at high risk for stroke in whom to target CAS or CEA.

  19. Benthic percent cover derived from analysis of benthic images collected at coral reef sites in Timor-Leste in 2013 and 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The benthic cover data described here result from benthic photo-quadrat surveys conducted by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) in hard bottom shallow...

  20. The vulnerability of fishermen’s community and livelihood opportunity through drought and seasonal changes in border area of Indonesia-Timor Leste

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayanti, A. D.; Fitriya, W.; Setyobudi, E.; Budhiyanti, S. A.; Suadi; Kune, S. J.

    2018-03-01

    Communities that live in coastal areas in Indonesia are affected by the ecosystem degradation because their livelihoods majority depends on ecosystem’s services. Fishermen in Timor Tengah Utara Regency depends on their livelihood on fish catches and crops. TTU Regency is known as a place with drought. Agriculture sector and fisheries play the central role of communal livelihood. This research was conducted to gain information and baseline study to support the intervention scheme reducing the vulnerable level of coastal communities. This research was conducted in Insana Utara, Biboki Moenleu and Biboki Anleu District. The social-ecological and statistic descriptive analysis were undertaken and involving 53 fishermen, 4 women groups, 11 clan’s elder and staffs of local government as the respondents. The data shows that the majority of the fishermen are small-scale fisheries commercial fishermen and possess a high level of vulnerability. The factors that are mostly affected the fishermen livelihood is the job diversification as farmers which is primarily supported by the crops and rely on the rainfall. The vulnerable context of fishermen in TTU can be reduced by optimizing and enhancing communal institution capacity and increasing the cooperation among the stakeholders and government also women participation.

  1. Vitrification of galvanic solid wastes: solutions for the east area of Sao Paulo, Brazil; Vitrificacao de residuos solidos galvanicos: solucao para a zona leste de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mattos, Cleiton dos Santos; Castanho, Sonia Regina Homem de Mello [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Galvanic solid waste have elevated levels of heavy metals and usually are stocked in the industry, creating a worrisome environmental liabilities. This disturbing fact is aggravated in areas densely populated as the area east of Sao Paulo, which has a pole of industrial electroplating of chrome. The present paper, we describe and provide a technological option for the disposal of waste generated by this activity using techniques that allow the incorporation of these in a glass matrix. The wastes were characterized by XRF, EDS, ICP-AES, AAS, DTA/TGA, XRD and SEM-FEG and embedded in glass and frits made from the system SiO{sub -}CaO-Na{sub O}, with additions of up to 30% by weight. The results of the analysis of residues showed the majority presence of Ni, Cr, B, Cu, Ca and S. The resulting glasses showed that heavy metals were incorporated into its structure and probably replacing the Ca and Na. In addition, the products showed specific colors indicating the possibility of use in some segments of manufacturing in ceramics with glazes, loading and pigments. (author)

  2. Asie : Asie de l'Est : Japon : Région de Kanto : Préfecture de Tokyo : Tokyo : Habitations récentes dans la banlieue Nord

    OpenAIRE

    Lubeigt , Guy

    1983-01-01

    Commentaire de l'auteur en 2015: Tokyo a été presque entièrement détruite par les bombardements US en 1945 - Toutes les maisons en bois ont flambé; Légende manuscrite sur le document original : "Tokyo, banlieue N. Nouveau lotissement, toits en tuiles. " Géolocalisation : Approximative centrée sur le Nord de Tokyo.

  3. O PAPEL DAS CAPTURAS FLUVIAIS NA MORFODINÂMICA DAS BORDAS INTERPLANÁLTICAS DO SUDESTE DO BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Felipe Soares Cherem

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available No sudeste do Brasil, principalmente no Estado de Minas Gerais, são observados planaltos escalonados drenados por diferentes bacias hidrográficas, muitas vezes separadas entre si por nítidos degraus morfológicos resultantes da diferença no potencial erosivo de suas cabeceiras de drenagem, como resposta à tectônica distensiva cenozoica. Adicionalmente, capturas fluviais que condicionam a rede de drenagem a buscar um novo perfil de equilíbrio e alteram a morfologia dos canais envolvidos (captor, capturado, decaptado e afluentes diretos são frequentes. Esse artigo apresenta o papel de três grandes capturas fluviais (Capturas de São Vicente de Paula, de Carandaí e de Vilas-Boas na morfodinâmica de três bordas interplanálticas entre as quatro mais importantes bacias hidrográficas do sudeste do Brasil: são Francisco, Doce, Paraná e Paraíba do Sul.  A análise inicial com base em material cartográfico (cartas topográficas, geológicas e geomorfológicas e os trabalhos de campo, com descrição dos canais envolvidos mostraram que as três capturas analisadas apresentam características diferentes: 1 em Vilas-Boas a crista da escarpa se encontra na posição original e as alterações na paisagem se limitam aos vales, com incisão de 2,5m, até 1 km à montante do ponto de captura; 2 em Carandaí a crista da escarpa já se encontra recuada a cerca de 1,5 km do ponto de captura, que foi rebaixado em100 m, e as alterações atingem os 3 km de distância desse ponto; e 3 em São Vicente a crista da escarpa já se encontra recuada a cerca de 3,5 km do ponto de captura, que foi rebaixado em 250m (atingindo o planalto inferior e as alterações atingem 8km de distância desse ponto.   Estes resultados demonstram a influência das capturas fluviais na morfodinâmica das bordas interplanálticas do sudeste do Brasil. As capturas aceleram a morfodinâmica do processo de recuo das escarpas, onde as áreas capturadas são dissecadas e

  4. EVOLUÇÃO GEOMORFOLÓGICA DO RIO GRANDE, RJ: INFLUÊNCIAS GEOLÓGICAS E CAPTURAS DE DRENAGEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Wagner Paixão Pinto

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available A análise dos sistemas fluviais são de extrema importância na compreensão da evolução geomorfológica da paisagem, pois possuem características, seja no seu arranjo ou distribuição dos canais, que permitem elaborar os episódios que ocorreram ao longo do tempo. A quebra do continente Gondwana e seus múltiplos eventos até a consolidação do Rift Continental do Sudeste do Brasil (RCSB implicou em uma mudança significativa no relevo sudeste e, consequentemente, nos sistemas de drenagens. Isto promoveu a reorganização dos sistemas de drenagens e uma nova dinâmica hidro-erosiva pelo rebaixado do nível de base na porção leste do continente. Diante do exposto, selecionou-se como estudo de caso a bacia do Rio Grande no Rio de Janeiro com o objetivo principal de entender o processo de evolução geomorfológica da bacia, a partir da organização da rede de drenagem e feições elementares da bacia frente aos eventos geológicos de formação e estruturação do substrato rochoso. A metodologia utilizada se baseia em trabalhos de gabinete, de campo e posterior análise dos dados gerados. Estes procedimentos visaram compreender a evolução do relevo na bacia do Rio Grande com base na correlação entre aspectos geológicos e geomorfológicos na organização do seu sistema fluvial. Pode-se inferir que a evolução geomorfológica da bacia do Rio Grande foi influenciada pelos múltiplos eventos tectônicos até a consolidação do RCSB. Os dados demonstram forte controle do substrato rochoso na morfologia do relevo e na orientação da rede de drenagem. Os resultados das orientações dos fluxos de drenagem demonstram grande quantidade de rios nas orientações NE, assim como, boa parte dos lineamentos estruturais na bacia estudada. Destaca-se, a influência dos lineamentos minerais das rochas, principalmente os gnaisses da Unidade São Fidélis para este comportamento. Além disso, lineamentos estruturais em outras dire

  5. COMPARTIMENTAÇÃO MORFOESTRUTURAL DA BACIA DO RIO VERDE, SUL DE MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Marques Neto

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo divulga proposta de compartimentação morfoestrutural para a bacia do Rio Verde, localizada na parte meridional do Estado de Minas Gerais em terrenos da Serra da Mantiqueira, Planalto do Alto Rio Grande e Planalto de Varginha, apresentando litologias diversas (metagranitoides arqueanos, metassedimentos supracrustais proterozoicos e intrusões alcalinas cretáceo-paleocenas distribuídas em considerável diversidade de formas de relevo. A análise integrada entre a litologia, os lineamentos estruturais, a rede de drenagem e os padrões de formas de relevo discerniu os seguintes compartimentos morfoestruturais: Patamares de cimeira da Mantiqueira (desmembrados em cinco subcompartimentos, Patamares escalonados da Mantiqueira, Planalto de Cruzília-Minduri, Planalto alongado de Lambari, Planalto de São Lourenço-Caxambu, Planalto de Três Corações, Planalto rebaixado de Varginha e Cristas monoclinais. A compartimentação revelou forte controle morfoestrutural vinculado ao rifte continental do sudeste do Brasil associado a uma acentuada dinâmica morfotectônica sobreposta em função da interferência de efeitos diastróficos neotectônicos. Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE

  6. The harmonization of the avoidance rules in European Union insolvencies / Andrew Keay

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keay, Andrew

    2017-01-01

    Piiriülestest tehingutest ja sellest tulenevatest probleemidest piiriülestes kohtumenetlustes, õiguse kohaldamise probleemidest piiriüleste tehingute korral. Piiriülestest maksejõuetusmenetlustest Euroopa Liidus

  7. All projects related to indonesia | Page 2 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Leste. Project. Indonesia's Aceh province and the now independent state of Timor-Leste (formerly East ... Program: Food, Environment, and Health. Total Funding: CA$ 4,000,000.00. Universities and Councils Network on Innovation for Inclusive ...

  8. COMPARTIMENTAÇÃO GEOMORFOLÓGICA E MORFOTECTÔNICA DO GRÁBEN DO CARIATÁ, PARAÍBA, A PARTIR DE IMAGEAMENTO REMOTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Azevedo Cavalcanti Tavares

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde a sua identificação, a unidade geomórfica Gráben do Cariatá se tornou se fundamental importância para a interpretação do cenário morfotectônico regional no contexto do rebordo leste do nordeste do Brasil, desafiando algumas hipóteses prévias sobre a evolução geomórfica do piemonte do planalto da Borborema. Neste sentido faz-se necessário refinar o conhecimento referente à história geomórfica do gráben, de seus preenchimentos sedimentares, unidades pedo-estratigráficas e controles lito-estruturais sobre as associações de formas de relevo. Um estudo desta ordem pode lançar luz sobre a evolução dos compartimentos escalonados que antecedem a escarpa da Borborema e suas implicações sob pontos de vista páleo-climáticos e neotectônicos, a partir de abordagens que prescindam da utilização do conceito das superfícies regionais de aplainamento. A combinação de Modelos digitais do terreno e imagens de satélite propiciaram uma modelagem mais precisa da área de estudo, sendo uma importante ferramenta para a análise da influencia da neotectônica sobre a compartimentação do relevo. Desse modo, feições como escarpas, facetas triangulares, anfiteatros de erosão e vales lineares foram identificados a partir de técnicas de sensoriamento remoto e estão estritamente ligadas às linhas de reativação de falhas no gráben. A rede de drenagem principal da área de estudo, o rio Paraíba, também está influenciada pela dinâmica morfotectônica, o que se faz explicitar a partir de uma incisão de maior ordem em determinados setores, resultando mesmo no abandono da antiga planície sob a forma de terraços erosivos.

  9. The Mobile Modular Surgical Hospital: the Army Medical Department’s Future Unit of Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-17

    requirements. Paula C. Lodi in her monogram “The Army Medical Department and Full Spectrum Operations” written for the School of Advanced Military...Center, 2004), 2.1-2.10. 14Paula C. Lodi, The Army Medical Department and Full Spectrum Operations, ( Monogram , School of Advanced Military Studies...paper in the past ten years on the level III hospital. Paula C. Lodi in her monogram “The Army Medical Department and Full Spectrum Operations” written

  10. Driven by a passion for people and their pets (and dancing).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Paula

    2016-04-30

    Paula Bailey thought she might enter academia after gaining clinical experience. However, a period of travelling and locum work confirmed her enjoyment of practice life. British Veterinary Association.

  11. Geology, geochemistry and {sup 40}K-{sup 40}Ar geochronometry of Miocene magmatism in Algiers area, Northern Algeria; La magmatisme miocene de l`Est Algerois, geologie, geochimie et geochronologie {sup 40}K-{sup 40}Ar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belanteur, O; Ouabadi, A; Semroud, B; Megartsi, M H [Algiers Univ. (Algeria). Faculte des Sciences; Bellon, H; Maury, R C; Coutelle, A [Brest Univ., 29 (France); Fourcade, S [Rennes-1 Univ., 35 (France)

    1996-12-31

    Miocene magmatic rocks outcrop within a narrow coastal strip east of Algiers. They include basaltic and andesitic lava flows and intrusions (Dellys, Cap Djinet), the Thenia granodioritic plug and the dacitic to rhyolitic lavas and pyroclastic flows from Zemmouri El Bahri and El Kerma. Despite the effects of hydrothermal alteration, {sup 40}K-{sup 40}Ar ages coupled with micropalaeontological data lead to recognition of two emplacement events at 16-15 and 14-12 Ma, respectively. All the studied calc-alkaline to potassic calc-alkaline rocks are enriched in highly incompatible elements and display negative Nb anomalies. Acid magmas have a pronounced crustal imprint ({sup 87}Sr{sup 86}Sr{sub i} =3D 0.7082 to 0.7155; {delta}{sup 18}O =3D +9 to +13 per mill) which together with La/Nb ratios argues for the occurrence of upper crustal contamination processes. However, the Nb-depletion of the associated basalts suggest that the studied magmas derive from a mantle source which underwent subduction-related metasomatic enrichments prior to their Miocene emplacement. (authors). 13 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  12. Investimentos em Ativos Imobilizados Para Instalação de Usina de Reciclagem de Resíduos de Construção Civil de Médio Porte da Zona Leste de São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Alexandre Paschoalin Filho

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available New tools for management of waste generated by the Civil Construction have attracted attention and been the subject of several surveys conducted by this industry. Among these, recycling can be highlighted, as it provides the reduction of discarded volumes and the need to purchase natural raw material, resulting in significant economic gains and reduced environmental impact. This paper estimates the investments necessary to implement a medium-sized waste recycling plant to be loca- ted at east side of the city of São Paulo. This paper also brings comparisons between market prices of natural aggregates and recycled wastes produced by recycling plants and mines located in the cities of São Paulo, Guarulhos and Osasco, in order to establish a comparison between the two. To this end, this qualitative exploratory study presents a case study, in which they were technical visits to same-sized mills and quarries, desk research and interviews with managers in order to identify items essential for implementation of the plant under study. The results showed that the demand in the East Zone of São Paulo presents regarding the recycling of construction waste, confirming the viability of the studied plant. It was also observed that the market prices of recycled aggregates in the surveyed plants were lower than natural aggregates, demonstrating the economic feasibility of its use.

  13. Estrutura e composição do estrato de regeneração e vegetação associada de diferentes estádios sucessionais no leste do Paraná

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Gomes Souto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, the human activities caused the overall decline in biodiversity and, to understand the impacts on plant communities, it is necessary to analyze the regenerative potential of the forest. Studies on the floristic composition and the structure of the guild of seedlings in different succession stages and historical conditions can describe the patterns of species replacement and help understand the forest dynamics. Thus, the objective of this study was to compare floristic and structural layer of the regeneration and associated vegetation in two succession stages of two areas with different historical uses located in the city of Campina Grande do Sul, in Paraná state. Seedlings were collected in two fragments of the secondary forest at the initial and at the intermediate stages, with historical use of clear and selective cuts, respectively. One-hundred and six plots of 0,16 m² were delimited and all individual plants with up to 10 - 50 cm high were collected, identified, quantified and divided into two groups: seedlings of tree species and species associated for the phytosociological analysis. The species were also classified according to their habits, dispersion mode and succession stages and the floristic similarity between areas was established by Sorensen's, Bray & Curtis' and Morisita-Horn's indices. The analysis suggests a possible influence of historical use and the successional stages of regeneration and the associated vegetation. The analysis of similarity indicates a gradient of regeneration, in which the intermediate stage of the clear cut area is similar to the early stage of the selective cutting area.

  14. Estudo etnofarmacológico sobre Lafoensia replicata Pohl. no leste do Maranhão, Brasil: uma promissora espécie para bioprospecção

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Chagas Bila Sobrinho

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This work aimed at carrying out a study on the local therapeutic uses of mangabeira (Lafoensia replicata Pohl., an important plant in the northeastern cerrado. 32 interviews were conducted with informants from the community Manga, Barão do Grajaú, Maranhão. Respondents, 18 women and 14 men, reported eight different uses for the plant. Regarding the number of instructions for use, there were no significant differences between genders, eight nominations described by women and seven by men. Regarding the distinctions of knowledge among the age group proposed for the analysis, there were no statistical differences. The plant part most indicated for use was the stem bark. All informants indicated consensually that the medicine prepared from the plant should be administered orally and over half of the respondents mentioned that the plant had no restrictions on consumption (53%. However, 17 respondents said that the treatment is contraindicated during pregnancy, and even five people did not recommend the use on children. It was not possible to substantiate the ethno-pharmacological information in this study with the literature since there is insufficient research on this species. There is some research focusing on uses and activities of Lafoensia pacari A. St.-Hil, therefore, this study also recommends L. replicata Pohl. as a potential therapeutic species.

  15. Modelling of the mechanical behaviour and damage of clay-stones: application to the East argillite; Modelisation du comportement mecanique des argiles raides avec prise en compte de l'endommagement: application aux argilites de l'Est

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aublive-Conil, N

    2003-03-15

    The storage in deep geological formation is one of the solutions retained by France for the management of highly long life radioactive waste. The retained host rock is a clay-stone named East argillite located in the departments of Meuse and Haute-Marne. A thermodynamic formulation is used to propose a rheological model, which reproduces the mechanical behavior of clay-stones. Initially, an anisotropic damage plastic model was formulated in order to describe material degradations. Then, the damage plastic model is reformulated in order to taken into account the damage influence on the hydraulic behavior of porous material. The numerical simulations correctly reproduce the mechanical behavior of East Argillites but also the anisotropy of the hydraulic behavior introduced by the damage effect. (author)

  16. Sequence stratigraphy of Taciba and Rio Bonito formations in Mafra, SC area, eastern Parana Basin, Brazil; Estratigrafia de sequencias das formacoes Taciba e Rio Bonito (Membro Triunfo) na regiao de Mafra/SC, leste da Bacia do Parana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-05-01

    The Taciba and Rio Bonito ('lower' Triunfo Mbr) formations are divided into six depositional sequences based on cores, gamma-ray and electrical logs from shallow drillings from northern Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Each sequence is formed by two systems tracts, a lower one, sandy (low stand) and an upper one, shaly (high stand). The Taciba Formation has three sequences, S{sub 0} to S{sub 2}; sequence S{sub 0} has a thick turbidite sandstone at the base (Rio Segredo Member) that pinches out towards the eastern margin and even disappears in the Mafra outcrop area. Sequence S{sub 1} varies from a thin fluvial-estuarine system to a thick turbidite sandstone of a channelled fan system; S{sub 1} upper shaly system tract is marine in well PP-11, and it is glacially influenced in well PP-10. Sequence S{sub 2} is a thick sandstone body of shallow marine origin, but restricted to one well (PP-11); its upper shaly tract is dominated by massive siltstones intercalated with thin, distal tempestites. The 'lower' Triunfo Member (or 'Taciba- Triunfo transition') begins with the arrival of deltaic clastics of sequence S{sub 3} lower tract, coarsening-up from medial- to proximal delta front sandstones. Sequence S{sub 4} is quite similar to S{sub 3}, both showing sandstone pro gradation from north to south, as opposed to the southwest-sourced transgressive diamictites. Sequence S{sub 5} consists of fluvial deposits at well PP-12, and two transgressive cycles from wells PP-11 to PP-9, each one of them composed of fluvial-estuarine to marine systems. Well PP-10 is an exception, where the lower cycle presents de glaciation to marine deposits. (author)

  17. Impactos ambientais decorrentes da ocupação de áreas reguladoras do aporte de areia: a planície Costeira da Caponga, município de Cascavel, litoral leste cearense.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Jeovah de Andrade Meireles

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Pour définir les impacts environnementaux associés à l'occupation humaine dans des secteurs caractérisés par l'apport de sédiments (bypass sur la plage, via des champ de dunes et l’estuaire, ont été réalisées des études géo-environnementales dans la plaine côtière du Caponga, en y incluant un promontoire, une bande littorale et l’embouchure du canal estuarien de même nom. Les résultats ont été représentés dans des modèles évolutifs, intégrés à partir de la définition des flux de matière et d'énergie qui transitent dans la zone côtière. Les conséquences de l'expansion urbaine sur le promontoire, les dunes, la plage et le canal estuarien ont été caractérisées afin de définir des mesures adaptées de planification et de gestion.Environmental impacts caused by the occupation of areas regulating the sand input to the coast line in the coastal plain of Caponga, Cascavel town, East Coast of Ceará. To determine the environmental impacts related to human occupation in areas characterized by the input of sediments (bypass to the coastal line, through dunes and estuary, we carried out geoenvironmental studies in the coastal plain of Caponga. They included sections represented by a headland, coastal line and river mouth of the estuarine channel of Caponga. The results were represented in integrated evolutionary models based on the definition of flows of matter and energy that occur in the coastal area. The effects of urban expansion on the headland, dunes, shore and estuarine channel were characterized so as to define adequate measures of planning and management.Para definir os impactos ambientais associados à ocupação humana em áreas caracterizadas pelo aporte de sedimentos (bypass para a faixa de praia, via campo de dunas e estuário, foram realizados estudos geoambientais na planície costeira da Caponga, abrangendo setores representados por um promontório, faixa litorânea e desembocadura do canal estuarino de mesmo nome. Os resultados foram representados em modelos evolutivos, integrados a partir da definição dos fluxos de matéria e energia que transitam na zona costeira. As conseqüências da expansão urbana sobre o promontório, dunas, praia e canal estuarino foram caracterizadas de modo a definir medias adequadas de planejamento e gestão.

  18. Albedo of a cucumber culture in polyethylene greenhouses in the North-South and East-West orientations; Albedo da cultura do pepino (Cucumis sativus) em estufas de polietileno, nas orientacoes norte-sul e leste-oeste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Assis, Simone V. de [Pelotas Univ., RS (Brazil). Dept. de Meteorologia; Escobedo, Joao F. [UNESP, Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Ciencias Agronomicas

    1998-12-31

    The calculation of albedo on a complete cycle of a cucumber culture was obtained in two polyethylene greenhouses with different orientations (north-south and east-west) and outside. The area of the greenhouse was 35 m{sup 2} and outside 80 cm longer than the surface. They were built in the Solar Radiometer Station, in Botucatu, SP. They are formed by central body, two glasses dome and two glasses dome and two sensors (thin film thermopiles). The sensors are positioned on the up and down part of the instrument. Th up sensor is used to measure global solar radiation and the down sensor is used to measure reflected solar radiation. The signs received from albedo meters were sent to a system of the data acquisition Datalogger 21 XL - CAMPBELL. (author) 5 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  19. Gerenciamento dos Resíduos de Demolição Gerados nas Obras de um Edifício Localizado na Zona Leste da Cidade de São Paulo/SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Alexandre Paschoalin Filho

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to civil construction industry improvement, the generation of solid wastes from this economic sector consists in an important problem to be solved. Different procedures aiming the reuse of these wastes and the development of management tools have been presented in several papers in order to mitigate the effects caused by construction works environmental impacts. However, the absence of effective public policies, that consider the generation, handling and disposal of these wastes as a real problem to be solved, consists in an obstacle to sustainability practices adoption. This paper presents the reuse of demolition solid wastes in the construction of the basement floor of a building located on the east side of the city of São Paulo. Considering the obtained parameters it can be concluded that reuse “in situ” of the generated wastes by demolition works resulted in significant economic advantages, once the transportation costs required for final disposition of these wastes and costs of acquisition of raw natural materials were both reduced.

  20. Talv venib edasi ; Aspasia ; "Kohtumine..." ; Dora Markus ; "Hakkad rääkima minust sellesama..." ; "Iidne meri, olen joobubud häälest..." ; "Selles punktis peatu..." ; Väike testament : [luuletused] / Eugenio Montale ; tõlk. Lauri Pilter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Montale, Eugenio

    2003-01-01

    Andmed autori kohta lk. 28. Orig.: L'inverno si prolunga, il sole adopera ; Aspasia ; Incontro ; Dora Markus ; Parlerai di me con lo stesso ; Antico, sono ubriacato dalla voce ; A questo punto ; Piccolo testamento

  1. O mínimo de oxigênio na costa leste do Brasil entre 7-22ºS The minimum oxygen concentration in easthern Brasilian coast between 7-22ºS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Argeo Magliocca

    1978-01-01

    Full Text Available In the South Atlantic nearly the Brazilian coast, at low latitudes, the layer of minimum oxygen concentration shows distinct values between the Equatorial region (7ºS and the region limited by latitudes of 18-22ºS. In the vicinity of the Equator the minimum concentration is remarkably clear (2,0 ml/l at 7ºS and at 22ºS the minima values raise up to 4.0-4.5 ml/l. The minimum oxygen layer follows the isopynics surfaces (σt = 26.8-27.2 in depths of 300-400 m (7ºS and 600-800 m (22ºS . The oxygen concentration in this area results from a biochemical and physical processes, due to the presence of poor water Brazil Current southward and the rich one Intermediate Antartic water flowing northward.

  2. Variações temporais na passagem de peixes pelo elevador da Usina Hidrelétrica de Santa Clara, rio Mucuri, leste brasileiro Temporal patterns of fish passage in Santa Clara Power Plant's fish lift, Mucuri River, east Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo dos S. Pompeu

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve como objetivo determinar padrões temporais na passagem de peixes pelo elevador da Usina Hidrelétrica de Santa, localizado no rio Mucuri. Durante quatro meses, de novembro de 2003 a março de 2004, foram realizados ciclos de transposição a cada duas horas, quando todos os indivíduos foram contados e identificados. Durante este período foram transpostos 67.838 indivíduos de 31 espécies. A abundância de Characiformes migradores no elevador foi maior no período diurno, enquanto Siluriformes foram observados em maior quantidade à noite. A abundância de peixes no elevador foi relacionada significativamente com as vazões no rio Mucuri. O padrão encontrado torna possível a melhor utilização do elevador, priorizando sua operação durante o dia e em períodos de maior vazão.The current study had the objective of determining temporal patterns of fish passage in Santa Clara Power Plant's fish lift, Mucuri River. During four months, from November 2003 to March 2004, transposition cycles were performed each two hours, when the specimens were counted and identified. During this migration period 67,838 individuals of 31 species passed through the lift. Migratory Characiformes abundance was larger during the day, whereas the Siluriformes were registered mainly at night. Fish abundance in the lift was significantly related to the Mucuri river flow. The temporal pattern found makes possible a better utilization of the lift, focusing cycles during the day and high flows periods.

  3. Efeito do monocultivo de Pinus e da queima do campo nativo em atributos biológicos do solo no Planalto Sul Catarinense Effects of native pasture burning and Pinus monoculture on changes in soil biological attributes on the Southern Plateau of Santa Catarina - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilmar Baretta

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo objetivou avaliar o impacto da queima tradicional de campo nativo e do monocultivo de Pinus sp. em Lages (SC, no CO total do solo (COT, carbono da biomassa microbiana (CBM, respiração basal (C-CO2, quociente metabólico microbiano (qCO2 e relação CBM:COT. Foram selecionadas quatro áreas representativas da região, de 0,5 ha cada, sendo: (a Campo nativo, sem queima nos últimos 50 anos (CN; (b Campo nativo submetido à queima tradicional (CNQ, ambas, pastagens naturais; (c Mata natural com predominância de Araucaria angustifolia (MATA; e (d Reflorestamento de Pinus taeda com oito anos (PINUS. Para tanto, coletaram-se seis amostras, compostas de nove subamostras de solo em cada área, na profundidade de 0-5 cm, em dezembro de 2002. Para avaliar o CBM, foi utilizado o método da fumigação-extração. O C-CO2 foi determinado em laboratório. Os maiores valores de liberação de C-CO2 foram encontrados na MATA e no PINUS, seguidos de CNQ e CN, respectivamente. Os maiores valores de CBM, COT e relação CBM:COT foram encontrados na MATA, não tendo as demais áreas estudadas apresentado diferenças entre si. O qCO2 foi maior no PINUS, seguido de CNQ, em comparação com MATA e CN. A análise multivariada mostrou ser uma ferramenta auxiliar importante ao discriminar o CBM como sendo o atributo que mais contribuiu na separação entre as áreas estudadas.The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of burning native pastures and of cultivating Pinus sp in monoculture in Lages, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Total organic carbon (TOC, microbial biomass carbon (MBC, microbial basal respiration (C-CO2, the microbial metabolic quotient (qCO2, and the ratio MBC/TOC were analyzed. Four representative areas of the region with 0.5 ha each were selected: (a native pasture without burning for at least 50 years (NP; (b native pasture burnt off every year (NPF; (c natural forest (NF with predominance of Araucaria angustifolia and (d eight-year-old Pinus taeda monoculture (PINUS. Data were obtained from six replicate samples composed of nine sub-samples each, from a depth of 0-5 cm, in the four studied areas. The fumigation-extraction method was used for the evaluation of MBC. C-CO2 evolution was obtained under laboratory conditions. The highest C-CO2 values were detected in NF and PINUS, followed by NPF and NP, respectively. The highest values of MBC, TOC and MBC:TOC were detected in NF, but the other areas did not present significant differences among each other. The qCO2 rate was higher in PINUS followed by NPF in comparison with NF and NP. Multivariate analysis was an important auxiliary tool for suggesting MBC as an attribute to discriminate the studied areas.

  4. Structure and floristic composition of five caiva area in north plateau of Santa Catarina State, Brazil Estrutura e composição florística de cinco áreas de caíva no planalto norte de Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lúcia Hanisch

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Caivas are remnants areas of Mixed Ombrophylous Forest, whose inferior stratum is composed of native pastures used for animal consume. The aim of this work was to evaluate the structure and floristic  composition of five caivas areas. Plots of one hectare were used. Every individual with DBH ≥ 5 cm were measured and identified. The parameters of density, frequency, dominance, Importance Value (IV were calculated. These results showed 24 families and 52 species. The families with the higher number of species were Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Aquifoliaceae and Sapindaceae and with the higher number of individuals were Myrtaceae, Araucariaceae, Aquifoliaceae and Lauraceae. The Shannon diversity index value showed high floristic diversity in the caivas and the Sorensen index showed floristic similarity among the five caivas areas. Araucaria angustifolia, Myrcia sp. Ocotea porosa, Cinnamodendron dinisii and Ilex paraguariensis were the five most important species based on Importance Value. The results confirmed that the caivas areas represent an important reservoir of native tree species, although they were being management for a long time.

    doi: 10.4336/2010.pfb.30.64.303

    Caívas são remanescentes de Floresta Ombrófila Mista, com diferentes densidades arbóreas, cujo estrato herbáceo é formado por pastagens nativas ou  naturalizadas utilizadas para pastejo animal. Este trabalho avaliou a composição florística e a estrutura arbórea de cinco caívas bem estabelecidas. Foram utilizadas parcelas de um hectare em cada caíva, onde foram medidos e identificados todos os indivíduos com DAP ≥ 5 cm e calculados os parâmetros fitossociológicos de densidade, frequência, dominância e valor de importância. Verificou-se a ocorrência de 24 famílias e 52 espécies. As famílias com maior número de espécies foram Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Aquifoliaceae e Sapindaceae; e as famílias com maior número de indivíduos foram Myrtaceae, Araucariaceae, Aquifoliaceae e Lauraceae. O índice de diversidade de Shannon indicou grande diversidade florística. O índice de Sorensen indicou alta similaridade entre as cinco caívas. As espécies que contribuíram para os maiores valores de importância foram: Araucaria angustifolia, Myrcia sp., Ocotea porosa, Cinnamodendron dinisii e Ilex paraguariensis. Esses resultados confirmam que as caívas representam uma importante reserva de  espécies de árvore nativas, mesmo sendo manejadas há longo tempo.

    doi: 10.4336/2010.pfb.30.64.303

  5. Ecological aspects of black-pincelled marmoset (Callithrix penicillata in the cerradão and dense cerrado of the Brazilian Central Plateau Aspectos da ecologia do mico-estrela (Callithrix penicillata em cerradão e cerrado denso no Planalto Central brasileiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. H. B. de MIRANDA

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Ecological data about three free-ranging groups of C. penicillata (black-pincelled marmoset were observed between March and December 1996, in one cerradão patch (in the Ecological Reserve of Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, RECOR and two patches of dense cerrado (one in the Recor and another in the Botanical Garden of Brasília, JBB, situated in the APA (area of environmental protection of the Gama/Cabeça-de-Veado, Distrito Federal. Each area was visited weekly during three periods of two months -- end of the rainy season (01/04 to 31/05, dry season (16/06 to 15/08 and beginning of the rainy season (14/10 to 15/12 -- and instantaneous scan records at fifteen minute intervals were made for the vertical and horizontal position of each visible individual of the target group. The group size ranged between 4 and 11 elements. In September, the birth of twins in both groups of the Recor was observed. Home-range varied from 8.25 to 18.5 hectares, while density ranged from 0.4 to 0.82 ind/ha. Twenty two species of nine tree families were identified as exudate sources. Qualea grandiflora (Vochysiaceae, Vochysia thyrsoidea (Vochysiaceae, Scheflera macrocarpum (Araliaceae and Qualea parviflora (Vochysiaceae were more explored. Fruits (14 species, two of which were exotics, nectar, honey, arthropods (mainly orthopterans and bird eggs complete their diet. The main sleep-tree species was Emmotum nitens (Icacinaceae. Data from different seasons and studied groups/areas were compared along previous data from this primate species in gallery forests. In the cerradão and dense cerrado areas C. penicillata had a similar group size, however a larger home-range and smaller density than in gallery forests were observed in this study.Entre março e dezembro de 1996 foi observada a ecologia de três grupos naturais de C. penicillata: em uma mancha de cerradão (na Reserva Ecológica do IBGE, RECOR e em duas manchas de cerrado denso (uma na Recor e outra no Jardim Botânico de Brasília, JBB, no Distrito Federal. Cada área foi visitada semanalmente, por três períodos bimestrais -- final da estação chuvosa 1 (01/04 a 31/05, estação seca (16/06 a 15/08 e início da estação chuvosa 2 (14/10 a 15/12. Foram feitos registros de varredura instantânea a cada 15 minutos ao longo do dia para as posições vertical e horizontal de todos os animais visíveis do grupo-alvo. O tamanho dos grupos variou entre 4 e 11 membros. Em setembro, ocorreu o nascimento de gêmeos nos dois grupos da RECOR. A área domiciliar esteve entre 8,25 e 18,5 hectares e a densidade, entre 0,40 e 0,82 ind/ha. Foram identificadas 22 espécies arbóreas de 9 famílias como fontes de exsudato, das quais se destacam: Qualea grandiflora (Vochysiaceae, Vochysia thyrsoidea (Vochysiaceae, Scheflera macrocarpum (Araliaceae e Qualea parviflora (Vochysiaceae. A dieta foi complementada por frutos de 14 espécies, néctar, mel, artrópodos (principalmente ortópteros e ovos de aves. A principal espécie usada como árvore de pouso foi Emmotum nitens (Icacinaceae. Comparando com os dados desta espécie de primata em matas ciliares, não houve diferença quanto ao tamanho de grupo, já as áreas domiciliares foram maiores e as densidades, menores que as de matas ciliares.

  6. Two Sides of the Same Coin: Authentic Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Steven L.

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents interviews with Dr. Jon Mueller and Dr. Paula Harris. Dr. Jon Mueller is a professor of Psychology at North Central College in Naperville, Illinois. Dr. Paula Harris is a professor in the Department of Language, Literature, and Arts at Jackson Community College in Jackson, Michigan. In these interviews, they present a…

  7. Four of the south americans working at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Laurent Guiraud

    1999-01-01

    Peruvian Jose Lamas Valverde (at back), and Brazilians (clockwise from right) Miriam Gandelman, Erica Polycarpo and Leandro de Paula Le peruvien Jose Lamas Valverde (au fond) et (dans le sens des aiguilles d'une montre, a partir du centre) les bresiliens Miriam Gandelman, Erica Polycarpo et Leandro de Paula

  8. Paula Stradiņa veselības un sociālās aprūpes koledžai pieejamie resursi un to izmantošana medicīnas speciālistu sagatavošanas procesā

    OpenAIRE

    Oliņa, Agnese

    2007-01-01

    Veselības nozares nodrošināšana ar pietiekamiem cilvēkresursiem. Mērķis, izpētīt koledžas pieejamos resursus un to izmantošanu, atklāt pozitīvos momentus un trūkumus, kā arī izstrādāt priekšlikumus. Analīzes rezultāti, nepietiekams finanšu resurss telpu un iekārtu nodrošināsanai jaunajām studiju programmām, resursu vadīšanas procesam nepieciešami papildus darbinieki un zināšanas. Darbā analizēti vispārējie resursi un to atšķirības veselības izglītības jomā, vadīšanas process un kvalit...

  9. Central Asia | Page 77 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Moyens que prennent les collectivités pour faire face aux souvenirs traumatiques - enseignements tirés d'Aceh et du Timor-Leste. Language French. Read more about How Communities Deal with Traumatic Memory: Lessons from Aceh and Timor-Leste. Language English. Read more about Réduction ...

  10. Asie centrale | Page 77 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Moyens que prennent les collectivités pour faire face aux souvenirs traumatiques - enseignements tirés d'Aceh et du Timor-Leste. Langue French. Read more about How Communities Deal with Traumatic Memory: Lessons from Aceh and Timor-Leste. Langue English. Read more about Réduction des ...

  11. Hydrochemical and isotopic study of groundwater impacted by the acid drainage of UrÂnio Mine - Osamu Utsumi, PoÇos de Caldas Plateau (MG), Brazil; Estudo hidroqímico e isotópico das águas subterrâneas impactadas pela drenagem ácida da Mina de Urânio - OSAMU UTSUMI, planalto de Poço de Caldas, MG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alberti, Heber Luiz Caponi

    2017-07-01

    The Osamu Utsumi Mine - MOU, belonging to the Brazilian Nuclear Industries - INB, began in 1977 with pickling activities and remained in operation until 1995. During this period, 94 million tons of rocks were removed, which caused the generation of large wasted rock piles. The intense drainage and precipitation in the study region favored the oxidation and leaching of the wasted rock piles, causing the Acid Drainage of Mine - DAM and generating effluents with low pH and high concentrations of fluoride, aluminum, iron, manganese, sulfate, zinc, uranium and Radio, among others. Currently the MOU is in the process of decommissioning and environmental remediation. The understanding of the hydrogeochemical processes and the behavior of the water flow through different aquifers is extremely important so that the actions of environmental remediation and control of the DAM are really effective. In this sense, in this work, geoprocessing and hydrochemical techniques were used to propose a conceptual hydrogeochemical model in the MOU cavity system and wasted rock pile number 4 - BF4. The geoprocessing techniques allowed to characterize and size the area under study and to integrate information on geology and mineralogy with the hydrochemical data. The hydrochemical studies were based on three groundwater sampling campaigns, using the low flow method in 17 monitoring wells, as well as 3 water reservoirs in the study area. In the collected samples were determined: (1) the main cations and anions for groundwater classification using Piper and Stiff diagrams and multivariate statistical methods (cluster and Principal Component Analysis); (2) the major long half radionuclides and {sup 222}Rn to assess radioactivity and imbalance between them; (3) the stable isotopes of {sup 18}O and {sup 2}H to provide information on the underground flows and water source; (4) the Tritium values found in the samples to estimate the age of the groundwater; (V) the sulfur and oxygen isotopes present in the dissolved sulfate to provide information on pyrite oxidation and DAM generation processes. In addition, the potentiometric surface of the aquifers was elaborated and the hydraulic conductivity of the monitoring wells was calculated by the low flow method. The hydrogeochemical modeling consisted only in the speciation of the dissolved ions and determination of the saturation indexes of the main minerals in each sample, elaborated by the PHREEQC program. Finally, the conceptual hydrogeological model aimed to systematize and simplify the information generated in this work. (author)

  12. Pulizerid jagatud : [sõnum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Romaaniauhind: Philip Roth romaani 'Ameerika pastoraal' eest; luuleauhind: Charles Wright teose 'Must sodiaak' eest; draamaauhind: Paula Vogel 'Lolitast' inspireeritud näidendi 'Kuidas ma õppisin sõitma' eest; biograafiaauhinna sai Katharina Graham

  13. Milleks laulupeotuld vedanud laevad veel sobivad? / Tiit Pruuli ; laulusõnad Jaan Tätte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pruuli, Tiit, 1965-

    2009-01-01

    Laulupeotuld kandnud veesõidukitest: viikingipaat "Turm", kakuami-paat, kale "Paula", lootsik "Hermiine Rääbis", lodi "Jõmmu", puulaev "Elisabeth II" ja jahta "Runbjarn". Lisatud Jaan Tätte laulu "Tuulevaiksel ööl" sõnad

  14. Abundance of bacterial and diatom fouling on various surfaces

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    PrabhaDevi

    Abundance of bacterial and diatom fouling on aluminium, fibreglass and stainless steel were studied from Dona Paula waters of the Zuari Estuary. Both these forms were reversibly attached in large numbers to surfaces during the initial 24 hr...

  15. The Arabian Sea as a high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll region during the late southwest monsoon

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Naqvi, S.W.A.; Moffett, J.W.; Gauns, M.; Narvekar, P.V.; Pratihary, A.K.; Naik, H.; Shenoy, D.M.; Jayakumar, D.A.; Goepfert, T.J.; Patra, P.K.; Al-Azri, A.; Ahmed, S.I.

    ), Dona Paula, Goa 403 004, India 2Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA 3Department of Geosciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA 4Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole...

  16. Organic carbon, and not copper, controls denitrification in oxygen minimum zones of the ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ward, B.B.; Tuit, C.B.; Jayakumar, A.; Rich, J.J.; Moffett, J.; Naqvi, S.W.A.

    Department of Biology , University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0371, USA e National Institute of Oceanogr aphy, Goa, Dona Paula 403004, India article info Article history : Received 17 December 2007 Received in revised form 14 July 2008...

  17. How economics shapes science

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stephan, Paula E

    2012-01-01

    .... At a time when science is seen as an engine of economic growth, Paula Stephan brings a keen understanding of the ongoing cost-benefit calculations made by individuals and institutions as they compete...

  18. Recovery of deep-sea meiofauna after artificial disturbance in the Central Indian Basin

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ingole, B.S.; Goltekar, N.R.; Gonsalves, S.; Ansari, Z.A.

    -1 1 Recovery of Deep-sea Meiofauna after Artificial Disturbance in the Central Indian Basin INGOLE B.S*., R. GOLTEKAR, S. GONSALVES and Z. A. ANSARI Biological Oceanography Division, National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa; 403004...

  19. Morphometry and cell volumes of diatoms from a tropical estuary of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    RaviKumar, M.S.; Ramaiah, N.; Tang, D.

    Cell volumes and per cell carbon contents of different diatoms (10 centric, 14 pennate and 1 dinoflagellate) collected from Dona Paula Bay in the central west coast of India have been analyzed. Morphometric information on the phytoplankton types...

  20. Heterotrophic utilization of extracellular products of phytoplankton in a tropical estuary

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gomes, H.; Pant, A; Goes, J.I.; Parulekar, A

    Bacterial uptake of algal exudates has been estimated in a tropical estuary, Dona Paula, Goa, India, where the seasonal fluctuations in hydrographic and nutrient parameters as well as dissolved organic matter concentrations and phytoplankton species...

  1. Acetylcholinesterase activities in marine snail (Cronia contracta) as a biomarker of neurotoxic contaminants along the Goa coast, West coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gaitonde, D.; Sarkar, A.; Kaisary, S.; DeSilva, C.; Dias, C.F.M.; Rao, P.V.S.S.D.P.; Ray; Nagarajan, R.; DeSousa, S.N.; Sarkar, S.; Patill, D.

    can be attributed to neurotoxic substances prevalent in those regions. The high concentration of different neurotoxic metals (lead, cadmium, copper, manganese and iron) and petroleum hydrocarbons in the tissues of the marine snails at Dona Paula, Vasco...

  2. Annual mean statistics of the surface fluxes of the tropical Indian Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    RameshKumar, M.R.; Rao, L.V.G.

    MEAN STATISTICS OF THE SURFACE FLUXES OF THE TROPICAL INDIAN OCEAN (Research Note) M. R. RAMESH KUMAR and L. V. GANGADHARA RAO Physical Oceanography Division, National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, 403004, Goa, India (Received in final...

  3. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. V Sanil Kumar1 Glejin Johnson1 G Udhaba Dora1 Sajiv Philip Chempalayi1 Jai Singh1 P Pednekar1. Ocean Engineering, National Institute of Oceanography (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research), Dona Paula, Goa 403 004, India.

  4. First records of sponge-associated Actinomycetes from two coastal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First records of sponge-associated Actinomycetes from two coastal sponges from Mauritius. Sandeep Shivram Beepat, Chandani Appadoo, Daniel Edgard Pierre Marie, Shamimtaz Bibi Sadally, Jose Pavao Mendes Paula, Kannan Sivakumar, Rashmi Ragothama Rao, Maryam Salah ...

  5. 75 FR 52319 - Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board, Hanford

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-25

    .... ADDRESSES: Red Lion Hotel, 1415 5th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98101. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula Call..., Safety and Environmental Protection Committee; Public Involvement Committee; and Budgets and Contracts...

  6. 76 FR 48148 - Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board, Hanford

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-08

    .... ADDRESSES: Red Lion Hotel, 1415 5th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98101. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula Call... Protection Committee; Public Involvement Committee; and Budgets and Contracts Committee. Life-Cycle Scope...

  7. What causes bone loss?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Paula FJA, Black DM, Rosen CJ. Osteoporosis and bone biology. In: Melmed S, Polonsky KS, Larsen PR, Kronenberg HM, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology . 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: ... HM. Bone development and remodeling. In: Jameson JL, De Groot ...

  8. Three genetic stocks of frigate tuna Auxis thazard thazard (Lacepede, 1800) along the Indian coast revealed from sequence analyses of mitochondrial DNA D-loop region

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    GirishKumar; Kunal, S.P.; Menezes, M.R.; Meena, R.M.

    revealed from sequence analyses of mitochondrial DNA D-loop region Name of authors: 1. Girish Kumar* Biological Oceanography Division (BOD) National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) Dona Paula, Goa 403004, India. Email: girishkumar....nio@gmail.com Tel: +919766548060 2. Swaraj Priyaranjan Kunal Biological Oceanography Division (BOD) National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) Dona Paula, Goa 403004, India. Email: swar.mbt@gmail.com 3. Maria Rosalia Menezes Biological Oceanography...

  9. C Borges

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    C Borges. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 60 Issue 4 April 2003 pp 817-828. Study of deconfinement in NA50 · Paula bordalo M C Abreu B Alessandro C Alexa R Arnaldi M Atayan C Baglin A Baldit M Bedjidian S Beolé V Boldea Paula Bordalo S R Borenstein C Borges A Bussiére L Capelli C ...

  10. L Ramello

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    L Ramello. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 60 Issue 4 April 2003 pp 817-828. Study of deconfinement in NA50 · Paula bordalo M C Abreu B Alessandro C Alexa R Arnaldi M Atayan C Baglin A Baldit M Bedjidian S Beolé V Boldea Paula Bordalo S R Borenstein C Borges A Bussiére L Capelli C ...

  11. Control of bovine brucellosis from 1998 to 2009 in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamil Manoel Leal Filho

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study used disease prevalence as an indicator to assess the effectiveness of the bovine brucellosis vaccination program implemented by the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. The state was divided into three regions: Pantanal, Planalto Sul, and Planalto Norte. For each region, a predetermined number of properties was sampled; in each, blood samples were collected from randomly selected cows aged at least 24 months. Sera from animals were subjected to a protocol that called for serial testing, with screening and confirmation using the buffered acidified antigen and 2-mercaptoethanol tests, respectively. In each property, a questionnaire was completed in order to identify risk factors associated with the disease. The overall prevalence rates of infected herds and infected animals in the state were 30.6% [27.4; 34.0] and 7.0% [5.6; 8.7], respectively. The regional prevalence rates of infected herds and infected animals were 39.1% and 8.9%, respectively, in Pantanal, 25.3% and 6.1% in Planalto Sul, and 32.1% and 6.4% in Planalto Norte. Bovine brucellosis in the state is associated with the purchase of breeding animals, herd size, and beef and mixed types of enterprise. Thus, Mato Grosso do Sul should reassess its vaccination program in order to improve its effectiveness. The state must also increase education and supervision to encourage producers to test breeding animals for brucellosis before introducing them to their properties.

  12. La Franc-maçonnerie, entre cité céleste et cité terrestre : divisions et équilibrages internes au sujet du théisme, de la religion et des questions sociétales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Céline Bryon-Portet

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available La bonne santé de la Franc-maçonnerie française, qui n’a pas vu ses effectifs chuter contrairement à ceux des Etats-Unis par exemple, semble attester de la satisfaction qu’apporte de nos jours à des hommes en quête de sens ce modèle d’un espace qui se veut public au sens habermassien (en ce sens qu’il débat de questions politico-sociétales en se servant d’un usage éclairé de la raison tout en étant privatif (puisqu’il est à huis-clos et réservé à quelques rares initiés, et qui propose une réflexion autour des problématiques spirituelles et terrestres, religieuses et sociopolitiques. Elle constitue une spiritualité tout à la fois religieuse dans son esprit et laïque dans sa forme, une sorte de troisième voie1. Un sociologue comme Michel Maffesoli voit même dans cet attrait pour une « raison sensible » et une « transcendance immanente »2 – qui manifestent une véritable « coincidentia oppositorum » et dont nous avons montré qu’elle était une finalité de l’ordre maçonnique –, la marque de la postmodernité. Si ces intuitions sont justes, alors il est fort probable la Franc-maçonnerie a encore un bel avenir devant elle.This text studies the paradoxical position of Freemasonry, which tries to conciliate spiritual quest and socio-political engagement. First, the author shows that Freemasonry contains some religious aspects because it cultivates the sacred through an initiation and ritual practices, even if it can’t be considered as a religion: in fact, it is non-dogmatic, and many obediences refuse to evocate God during their ceremonies and the question of belief in a Superior Being is source of disputes between the lodges. After that, the author points the fact that freemasons who belong to the liberal branch of Freemasonry want to participate to the evolution of the laws in profane society and to defend the principles of secularism, according to the Masonic objective, consisting in making progress the Humanity. This median way, consisting in refusing the dualistic approaches by building both a celestial city and a terrestrial city, constitutes an original philosophy, which is able to suit to some contemporary people who don’t want to separate idealism and materialism.Este texto examina la posición paradójica de la Masonería, que trata de conciliar la búsqueda espiritual y el compromiso socio-político. En primer lugar, el autor demuestra que la Masonería tiene algunos aspectos religiosos, ya que cultiva un sentido de lo sagrado a través del ritual y de la iniciación, aunque no puede considerarse como una religión: de hecho no es dogmática, muchas logias se niegan a referirse a Dios en sus ceremonias y la cuestión de la creencia en el creador es fuente de controversia entre los grupos masónicos. El autor muestra también que los masones que pertenecen a la Masonería liberal, quieren participar en la evolución de las leyes de la sociedad y defender los principios de laicidad, de acuerdo con el objetivo masónico, que quiere hacer progresar a la humanidad. Este intento de alcanzar una sociedad situada entre la ciudad celestial y la ciudad terrenal, es una filosofía original que parece interesar actualmente a mucha gente que no acepta la separación dualista entre el idealismo y el materialismo.

  13. Mise en évidence de Provinces géochimiques dans les schistes bitumeux du Toarcien de l'est du bassin de Paris Geocheminical Provinces Revealed in Toarcien Oil Shales in the Eastern Paris Basin. Analysis of the Soluble Organic Fraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huc A. Y.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available L'étude de la matière organique soluble dans le chloroforme des schistes du Toarcien de la partie orientale du bassin de Paris met en évidence l'existence d'une province géochimique nord et d'une province géochimique sud dont la frontière commune se trouve dans la région de Fécocourt. La province septentrionale se caractérise par une influence du domaine continental (massif des Ardennes au niveau de l'apport organique. Alors que la province méridionale se révèle exempt d'apport terrestre. Ces résultats sont en accord avec les indications sédimentologiques fournies par la littérature et apportent une dimension géochimique à la paléogéographie de ce bassin. An anaalysis of soluble organic motter in the chloroform from Toarcian shales from the eastern part of the Paris Basin reveals the existence of a northern geochemical province and a southern geochemical province whose commun boundary lies in the Fecocourt region. The northern province is characterized by the influence of the continental domain (Ardennes range with regard to organic influx, whereas no terrestrial influx is found in the southern province. These findings agree with the sedimentological indications supplied by the literature and add a geochemical dimension to the paleogeography of this basin.

  14. Novos registros de Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912(Diptera: Psychodidae na região Centro-Leste do estado de São Paulo, Brasil New records of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912 (Diptera: Psychodidae in the Central East Region of São Paulo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Antonio Cutolo

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available A incidência das leishmanioses tegumentar (LTA e visceral (LVA americanas, especialmente essa última, em hospedeiros caninos e humanos, encontra-se em expansão no Estado de São Paulo. Na vigilância epidemiológica dessas endemias, torna-se fundamental o conhecimento da distribuição e ecologia das diferentes espécies de flebotomíneos. Assim, a divulgação de novos registros de seus vetores é fundamental para apontar novas áreas de risco para a transmissão dessas doenças. Neste estudo, realizaram-se capturas de flebotomíneos em ambiente de mata, em diferentes localidades dos municípios de Ipeúna, Itirapina e Analândia, entre agosto e setembro de 2007. Foram capturados 248 flebotomíneos de nove espécies diferentes, em Ipeúna, seis e sete espécimes de duas espécies distintas coletados respectivamente em Itirapina e Analândia. A espécie mais abundante em Ipeúna foi Pintomyia pessoai (37,5%, seguida de P. fischeri (33,06% e Migonemyia migonei (16,53%. Essas três espécies são consideradas importantes vetores de LTA no território paulista. O registro de Lutzomyia longipalpis pela primeira vez em Ipeúna e Analândia e a confirmação de sua presença em Itirapina indicam risco de essabelecimento da LVA na área e a necessidade de mais estudos locais sobre sua ecologia, sobretudo em relação à ocupação de ambientes antrópicos.Cutaneous (LTA and Visceral (LVA American Leishmaniasis incidences are increasing in human and canine hosts, especially LVA, which is expanding its range through São Paulo State. Distribution and ecology knowledge of different sand fly species is essential for leishmaniasis epidemiology vigilance. The communication of new findings of its vectors is mandatory for risk determination for transmission of these illnesses. On this study sand flies were trapped in bushed areas, in different localities at rural areas of Ipeúna, Itirapina and Analândia counties, between August and September 2007. A total of 248 specimens of nine different species were sampled in Ipeúna, six and seven specimens of two different species were trapped in Itirapina and Analândia, respectively. The most abundant species in Ipeúna was Pintomyia pessoai (37.5%, followed by Pintomyia fischeri (33.06% and Migonemyia migonei (16.53%, all three species are considered vectors of LTA in São Paulo State. Lutzomyia longipalpis was found in Ipeúna and Analândia for the first time and its presence confirmed in Itirapina, indicating a risk of LVA essablishment in the area and the need for further local studies on its ecology, especially regarding its occupation of the anthropic environment.

  15. Palinologia holocênica do testemunho Bom Jesus, margem leste da ilha do Marajó, Pará, Amazônia Palynological study of Holocene sediments of Bom Jesus core, east margin of the Marajó Island, Pará, Amazonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lívia Cardoso da Silva Rodrigues

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available A porção superior (1,25m do testemunho de sondagem Bom Jesus (TBJ, coletado no limite campo-mangue da Fazenda Bom Jesus, município de Soure, ilha do Marajó, Pará, Brasil, foi estudada através de análise palinológica de alta resolução objetivando a determinação da composição, abundância e diversidade de tipos polínicos bioindicadores de modificações na paleovegetação durante o Holoceno. 16 amostras sedimentares de 2cm³ foram tratadas de acordo com metodologia padrão em palinologia. Os programas Tilia e Tilia Graph foram utilizados para a construção dos diagramas palinológicos de abundância e concentração. A base do testemunho foi datada por 14C em 2730 ± 40 anos A.P. Foram definidas três zonas palinológicas. A presença de pólen de Rhizophora com abundância máxima de 88% apontou dominância de mangue ao longo de todo o testemunho sedimentar. Variações recorrentes na hidrodinâmica da baía do Marajó, caracterizadas por pulsos erosivos de curto período, parecem ter provocado redução na dominância de mangue. O incremento na abundância de tipos polínicos bioindicadores de campo inundável associados a elementos de restinga e floresta, evidenciam a migração do campo inundável sobre o manguezal. Os dados indicam correlação com outros registros polínicos holocênicos de transgressão marinha para a costa norte amazônica no Holoceno Superior.The upper portion (1.25 m of the sediment core Bom Jesus (TBJ, was collected in the field-mangrove limit of Bom Jesus Farm, municipality of Soure, island of Marajó, Pará, Brazil, was studied through pollen analysis high resolution aimed at determining the composition, abundance and diversity of the pollen types bioindicators of changes in the palaeobotany. 16 samples of sedimentary 2cm³ were treated according to standard methodology. Tilia and Tilia Graph software were used for to construct abundance and concentration palinological diagrams. The core base was dated by 14C in 2730 ± 40 years AP. Three palynological zones were identified. The mangrove ecosystem was dominant all sedimentary sequence of the TBJ core and was represented mainly for Rhizophora pollen type, which reaches 88% of the maximum relative abundance. Variations applicant hydrodynamics in the Marajó bay, characterized by short pulses of erosive period, seem to have caused reduction in the dominance of mangroves. The increase in the abundance of types growth bioindicators of field associated with elements of swamp forest and restinga, indicate the migration of the field on the mangrove swamp. The data show correlation with other palynological records of Holocene marine transgression to the north coast in the Upper Amazon Holocene.

  16. Aceitabilidade de pão fortificado com ferro microencapsulado por crianças de creches das regiões sul e leste da cidade de São Paulo Acceptability of bread fortified with microencapsulated iron by children of daycare centers in the south and east regions of São Paulo city, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresinha Stumpf Souto

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a aceitabilidade de um pão tipo bisnaguinha enriquecido com ferro microencapsulado por crianças freqüentadoras de creches, de acordo com sexo, faixa etária, estado nutricional, presença de anemia, tempo de estocagem e momento do experimento (inicial, meio e final. MÉTODOS: Ensaio clínico randomizado duplo-cego com 382 crianças de 2 a 6 anos de idade, matriculadas em quatro creches filantrópicas do município de São Paulo. As crianças de duas creches receberam no café da manhã, de segunda a sexta-feira, o pão fortificado com ferro microencapsulado e as das outras duas, pão idêntico, porém sem ferro, durante 120 dias. A ingestão foi anotada diariamente em planilhas individuais. Os testes estatísticos utilizados foram o qui-quadrado, o teste t de Student, a análise de variância e a análise de covariância. RESULTADOS: O consumo médio semanal de pães foi significantemente menor nas crianças das creches expostas (1,17 do que nas creches não expostas (1,56 e a variabilidade de aceitação foi maior nas creches não expostas. A ingestão foi significantemente menor pelas crianças das creches expostas em todas as variáveis estudadas, exceto nas faixas etárias menores de 36 meses e de 36 a 47 meses. CONCLUSÃO: Apesar de a aceitação pelas crianças do pão fortificado com ferro ter sido significantemente menor do que ao pão sem ferro, a aceitação nos dois grupos mostra que este pão pode ser alternativa viável para a fortificação de alimentos na prevenção da anemia ferropriva em crianças de creches.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acceptance of a new food, a mini-roll enriched with microencapsulated iron sulfate, among preschool-aged children stratified by sex, age group, nutritional status, presence of iron-deficiency anemia, length of storage, and stage of trial (early, middle, late. METHODS: Double blind randomized clinical trial with 382 children aged 2 to 6 years enrolled in 4 not-for-profit daycare centers in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Children in two daycare centers received the mini-rolls fortified with microencapsulated iron in breakfast from Monday to Friday (exposed daycare centers. Children in the other 2 daycare centers received regular, yet identical, mini-rolls in the same manner. Observation lasted 120 days. Acceptance was noted daily on specific log-sheets. Data were compared using the chi-square and Student's t tests, analysis of variance and analysis of covariance. RESULTS: Mean weekly consumption of mini-rolls was lower in exposed daycare centers (1.17 than in unexposed centers (1.54. Variance was greater in unexposed daycare centers. Acceptance was lower among children in exposed daycare centers in all stratified variable categories, except among children younger than 36 months or aged between 36 and 47 months. CONCLUSION: Although the children's acceptance of the rolls fortified with iron was significantly lower than that of rolls without iron fortification, this type of food might be a viable alternative in the prevention of iron-deficiency anemia in children of daycare centers.

  17. As rochas intrusivas da Formação Serra Geral na Porção leste da Bacia do Paraná no Estado de São Paulo: Aspectos petrográficos e geoquímicos - Resultados preliminares

    OpenAIRE

    Machado, Fábío Braz [UNESP; Nardy, Antonio José Ranalli [UNESP; De Melo, Rodrigo Prudente [UNESP; De Oliveira, Marcos Aurélio Farias [UNESP; Squisato, Eloiza [UNESP

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present preliminary aspects of the petrography and chemistry of intrusive rocks (sills and dykes) from the eastern portion of the Parana Basin in the State of Säo Paulo. Data from 80 samples of the region show a subaphyric and subophitic nature and have plagioclase (25-50%), augite (3-39%), pigeonite (0-10%) and magnetite (4-20%) as an essential minerals. Apatite and quartz are present as accessory minerals. The geochemical data of intrusive rocks show a basic ...

  18. Instituições, governança e Crescimento Econômico: Teoria e Experiência Brasileira À Luz das Evidências Empíricas dos Países do Mercosul e Leste Asiático

    OpenAIRE

    FERREIRA FILHO, José Alexandre

    2006-01-01

    Analisar as influências das variáveis institucionais para o crescimento econômico dos países em desenvolvimento em geral, e especificamente para o caso brasileiro, é o objetivo desta tese. Considerando as inúmeras possibilidades de escolha, existentes para se abordar a questão do crescimento econômico, optou-se, a exemplo de grande parte da literatura, por considerar que os fatores institucionais têm papel fundamental para explicar as diferenças entre as taxas de crescimento do...

  19. Uudised : TÜ Kammerkoor laulis Rootsis. Suzuki Nordic String Eestis. Vello Loogna sünnipäevakontsert / Valdur Liiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liiv, Valdur

    2000-01-01

    TÜ Kammerkoor esines ülestõusmispühadel Rootsi kirikutes. Põhjamaade laste keelpilliorkester esineb Eestis 1., 2. ja 3. mail. Lühidalt Suzuki pedagoogikast. V. Loogna 60. juubeli kontserdist 30. apr. Estonia kontserdisaalis

  20. Criminalizing communism: transnational mnemopolitics in Europe / Maria Mälksoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mälksoo, Maria, 1979-

    2014-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse mälupoliitikat Euroopas, täpsemalt suhtumist totalitaarsetesse kommunistlikesse režiimidesse ning esitatakse kontseptuaalne raamistik, mis aitaks kujundada rahvusteülest mälupoliitikat Euroopas.

  1. Varjatud vrakid / Andri Ksenofontov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ksenofontov, Andri, 1962-

    2007-01-01

    Michelle Athertoni näitus "Missing the Boat II" Tallinna Linnagaleriis kuni 12. VIII. Kunstniku nurjunud katsetest kujutada 2002. a. uppunud transpordilaeva "Tricolor" ja selle ülestõstmist, "Tricolori" uppumise kajastamisest

  2. The β fibrinogen gene G-455A polymorphism in Asian subjects with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jonny Karunia Fajar

    2016-08-10

    Aug 10, 2016 ... Conclusions: In the Asian population, the b fibrinogen gene G-455A polymorphism was associ- ..... Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, ... Thailand, Timor-Leste, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab.

  3. Hram viden i v notshi... / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni

    2006-01-01

    Narva Ülestõusmise kirik (arhitekt Paul Alisch) saab 110. aastapäevaks fassaadi valgustuse. Projekti autorid Peterburi firmast "Tehnosvet". Kirikule aastapäevaks kingitud keraamilisest pannoost, ikoonidest

  4. Back to the future: the UK’s EU exit and the conflict of laws / Andrew Dickinson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dickinson, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    Suurbritannia EList lahkumise mõjust Suurbritannia tsiviilkohtusüsteemile ja rahvusvahelise eraõiguse normide kohaldamisele piiriüleste kaubandus- ja tsiviilvaidluste lahendamisel; rahvusvahelise eraõiguse, ELi õiguse ja riigisisese õiguse tõlgendamisest

  5. WW - ajakirjanik, publitsist / Linnar Priimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priimägi, Linnar, 1954-

    1998-01-01

    Wim Wendersi dokumentaalfilmist "Ülestähendustest riiete ja linnade kohta" ("Aufzeichnungen zu Kleidern und Städten") : Saksamaa 1989. Selles filmis intervjueerib ja portreteerib režissöör jaapani moeloojat Yohji Yamamotot

  6. Szabadsag! Terror oma rahva vastu : nagu uus viiskend kuus / Toomas Kümmel, Juku-Kalle Raid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kümmel, Toomas

    2006-01-01

    Autorid kirjeldavad vahetute pealtnägijatena 23. oktoobril, Ungari 1956. aasta ülestõusu 50. aastapäeval Budapestis toimunud meeleavalduse mahasurumist. Vt. samas: 1956. Aasta sündmuste kronoloogia

  7. Search Results | Page 9 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 81 - 90 of 282 ... Filter by type .... Violent conflicts have lasting effects on social norms, institutions, and governance at the local level. ... Strengthening Women Survivors of Violence in Post-Conflict Transitions in Indonesia, Timor-Leste, ...

  8. EU enlargement and trade integration : can we distinguish the Baltic Sea region cluster? / Tiiu Paas, Egle Tafenau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paas, Tiiu, 1949-

    2004-01-01

    Uurimistulemused kinnitavad piiriüleste kaubandussidemete olemasolu ning Läänemere regiooni riikide omavahelise kaubandusintegratsiooni tugevust ühinevas Euroopas, millega tuleb EL-i regionaalpoliitika kujundamisel arvestada. Diagrammid. Tabel

  9. three dimensional photoelastic investigations on thick rectangular

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    1983-09-01

    Sep 1, 1983 ... Thick rectangular plates are investigated by means of three-dimensional photoelasticity ... a thin plate theory and a higher order thick plate theory. 1. ..... number of fringes lest the accuracy of the results will be considerably.

  10. REVIEWS OF BOOKS: BOEKRESENSIES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Currenc Therapy-I 9'56. ... field of modern therapy, with current views and modifications. There are upwards of .... 'lest and Wechsel-Bellevue method) confirm these psychiatric and biographic .... Occupational Therapy and Rehabilitation. XVI.

  11. Uppunud lasti päästmine hüvitab riigile miljoneid / Ulvar Käärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärt, Ulvar, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Kindlustusfirma Fortis Corporate Insurance kavatseb hakata üles tõstma uppunud Runner-4 olevat alumiiniumilasti. Lasti ülestõstmisel on Eestil lootust saada peale Peterburi arbitraazhikohtu määratud hüvitise veel lisasummasid

  12. Tämbrimuusika "NYYDil" / Mart Jaanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaanson, Mart, 1966-

    1999-01-01

    27. nov. toimub festivali "NYYD '99" raames ans. Court-Circuit kontsert. Ettekandele tulevate teoste tutvustus - T. Muraili "La barque mystique", G. Grisey "Vortex temporum" ja T. Tulevi "Gare de l"Est"

  13. Artur Lemba - tunglakandja : Ühe suurmehe metaelulugu / Ene Metsjärv ; intervjueerinud Marju Riisikamp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Metsjärv, Ene, 1943-

    2014-01-01

    Pianist, helilooja ja pedagoog Artur Lemba elust ja loometööst. A. Lemba õpilaste Veera Lensini, Salme Lohuaru (kuni 1950 Andre), Valentine Riivese, Tiiu Targamaa, Villem Reimanni ja Elsa Avessoni ülestähendusi oma õpetajast

  14. Search Results | Page 37 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 361 - 370 of 1804 ... Indonesia's Aceh province and the now independent state of Timor-Leste ... poverty, food insecurity, a fragile economy, and social vulnerability. ... Susceptibility to HIV Infection Among Female Sex Workers in Kenya.

  15. Smokeless tobacco use among adults in ten countries of SEA region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudhir Satpathy

    2018-03-01

    for tobacco control. Complementing tobacco use surveillance tools should always be compared or triangulated for a comprehensive picture of tobacco use burden. Higher use of SLTs among women in Timor Leste needs further exploration.

  16. Bordering and ordering the European neighbourhood : a critical perspective on EU territoriality and geopolitics / James Wesley Scott

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Scott, James Wesley

    2009-01-01

    Kaitse ja koostöö agendade põrkumisest ELi territooriumi piiritlemisel ELi ja naaberriikide piiriüleste kodanikeühenduste näitel. ELi ja Ukraina vahelistest suhetest Euroopa naabruspoliitika kontekstis

  17. Dostojevskilik kapseldunud elu Q-teatris / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres

    1997-01-01

    Fjodor Dostojevski jutustuse 'Ülestähendusi põranda alt' järgi tehtud Soome Q-teatri lavastusest 'Kelder' ("Kellari", dramatiseerinud Antti Hietala, Hannu Kivioja ja Erik Söderblom, lav. Erik Söderblom)

  18. Pop / Tristan Priimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priimägi, Tristan, 1976-

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Ian Brown "Solarized", Impressed 2 with Gilles Peterson "Rare, Classic & Unique Jazz from Britain 1963-1974", Marilyn Manson "Lest We Forget - The Best Of", Todd Rundgren "Liars", Europe "Start From The Dark"

  19. Plaadid / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest "Maria Rita", "Between Heaven and Earth", Marilyn Manson "Lest We Forget. The Best Of", Phil Collins "Love Songs", Dizzee Rascal "Showtime", Bruce Hornsby "Halcyon Days", Bill Frisell "Unspeakable"

  20. Rõõm muusikast / Mati Märtin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märtin, Mati

    2005-01-01

    Ülestõusmispühade-kontsertidest Tallinna kirikutes: Päästearmee Londoni puhkpilliorkestri Chalk Farm Band kontserdist Kaarli kirikus, Eesti Muusikaakadeemia õpilaste kontserdist Jaani kirikus, Leedsi Filharmoonia Segakoori kontserdist Kaarli kirikus

  1. Õiguslikud probleemid seoses merre uppunud varaga : [bakalaureusetöö] / Kristo Madrus ; Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Heiki Lindpere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Madrus, Kristo

    2002-01-01

    Merre uppunud vara rahvusvaheline mõiste (Ameerika, Põhjamaad, Hispaania, Malaisia, Lõuna-Aafrika Vabariik), selle ülestõstmine, merre uppunud vara Eesti õiguses, õiguslikke probleeme seoses merre uppunud varaga

  2. Résultats de recherche | Page 5 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Moyens que prennent les collectivités pour faire face aux souvenirs traumatiques - enseignements tirés d'Aceh et du Timor-Leste. La province d'Aceh et l'État maintenant indépendant du Timor-Leste (auparavant le Timor oriental) ont vécu des décennies de conflit et des violations massives des droits de la personne sous la ...

  3. Ce que nous faisons | Page 71 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Moyens que prennent les collectivités pour faire face aux souvenirs traumatiques - enseignements tirés d'Aceh et du Timor-Leste. La province d'Aceh et l'État maintenant indépendant du Timor-Leste (auparavant le Timor oriental) ont vécu des décennies de conflit et des violations massives des droits de la personne sous la ...

  4. Moyens que prennent les collectivités pour faire face aux souvenirs ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Moyens que prennent les collectivités pour faire face aux souvenirs traumatiques - enseignements tirés d'Aceh et du Timor-Leste. La province d'Aceh et l'État maintenant indépendant du Timor-Leste (auparavant le Timor oriental) ont vécu des décennies de conflit et des violations massives des droits de la personne sous la ...

  5. Lodo gerado na estação de tratamento de água Tamanduá, Foz do Iguaçu, PR, como aditivo em argilas para cerâmica vermelha: Parte I: caracterização do lodo e de argilas do terceiro planalto paranaense Generated sludge at water treatment station Tamanduá, Foz do Iguaçu, PR, as additive in red clay for ceramics: Part I: characterization of sludge and clay Paraná third plateau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Tartari

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Com a finalidade de pesquisar a incorporação do lodo gerado na ETA Tamanduá em massas para cerâmica vermelha, como método de destinação final, o presente artigo tem como objetivo caracterizar o lodo da ETA Tamanduá e quatro argilas da região Oeste do Paraná utilizadas na produção de cerâmica vermelha estrutural e de artesanato, visando avaliar o potencial tecnológico deste resíduo. Nessa primeira etapa experimental de caracterização, determinaram-se a umidade, composição química por fluorescência de raios X, compostos cristalinos por difração de raios X, limites de consistência de solos (Atterberg, distribuição granulométrica e a estrutura das partículas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV. Destaca-se que as argilas possuem propriedades favoráveis para produção de cerâmica vermelha. Já o lodo, possui características elementares de matéria-prima de baixa plasticidade, composto majoritariamente por SiO2, Al2O3 e Fe2O3, com perda ao fogo elevada (20,4%, baixo índice de plasticidade igual a (7,4, fração de argila correspondentes a 5,3%. As características observadas sugerem a possibilidade de, na segunda etapa, incorporar o lodo com umidade natural (75% como aditivo na massa cerâmica, visando reduzir a retração, bem como minimizar a adição de água às massas para produção de cerâmica vermelha.With a view to investigate the incorporation of sludge generated in ETA Tamanduá masses for red ceramics, such as disposal method, this paper aims to characterize the sludge ETA Tamanduá and four clays of western Paraná used to produce structural red ceramic and artistic ceramic, to evaluate the technological potential of this residue. In this first experimental phase of characterization, we determined the moisture, chemical composition by X-ray fluorescence, crystalline compounds by X-ray diffraction, Atterberg limits of soils (Atterberg, size distribution and structure of particles by electron microscopy (SEM. It is noteworthy that the clays have properties favorable for the production of red ceramics. The sludge has basic features of the raw material of low plasticity, composed mainly of SiO2, Al2O3 and Fe2O3, with high loss on ignition (20.4%, low plasticity index equal to (7.4, fraction clay corresponding to 5.3%. These characteristics suggested the possibility that, in the second stage, incorporate the sludge with natural moisture (75% as an additive in ceramic body, to reduce the shrinkage and to minimize the addition of water to the masses for the production of red ceramics.

  6. A guerra e as laranjas: uma palestra radiofônica sobre o valor alimentício das frutas nacionais (1940 War and oranges: a radiophonic lecture on the nutritional value of Brazilian fruits (1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Rodrigues

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Apresenta o uso do rádio pelos sanitaristas desde o início do século XX, para fins educativos. Homens como Geraldo Horácio de Paula Souza e Borges Vieira utilizaram as ondas do rádio para popularizar práticas higiênicas e divulgar temas de interesse sanitário. Em 16 de abril de 1940 Paula Souza foi aos microfones da Rádio Educadora Paulista e, por meio de palestra, defendeu o valor nutritivo e a necessidade de consumo da laranja como ato patriótico. Divulgando as qualidades alimentícias da fruta, Paula Souza lançou a Campanha da Laranja. O sucesso extrapolou o estado de São Paulo, ganhando espaço na imprensa e sob a forma de folheto de propaganda do Serviço de Informação Agrícola, com o apoio incondicional do então ministro da Agricultura Fernando Costa.Since the early twentieth-century, sanitarians have relied on the radio for educational purposes. Men like Geraldo Horácio de Paula Souza and Borges Vieira used radio waves to popularize hygienic habits and disseminate information on sanitary topics. On April 16, 1940, Paula Souza stood before the microphones at Rádio Educadora Paulista and gave a lecture on the nutritional value of oranges and the need to eat them as a patriotic act. Touting the fruit's nutritional qualities, Paula Souza launched the 'orange campaign'. Its success reached beyond the borders of São Paulo state, as the campaign found space in the press and took form as an advertising brochure published by the Agricultural Information Service, with the unconditional support of the Minister of Agriculture, Fernando Costa.

  7. "Jogo" de cena e poder de classe no Brasil do século XXI: a contra-reforma agrária no governo Lula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Thomaz Jr.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Continuam catastróficas as condições de vida da classe trabalhadora no mundo. No Brasil os ânimos já crescentemente arrefecidos, nos revelam as fissuras e a verdadeira cara da composição política que sustenta o "jogo" de cena do planalto comandado pelo Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT e seus aliados, que não é coerente com o profundo desejo de mudanças sociais.

  8. Noise hazard course

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    A 1/2 day course to promote awareness of the risks incurred by noise at the work place and recommendations to settle them. Next course Wednesday 24th September 2003. Costs are covered by TIS, Jacques Coillard from Bureau Véritas will present the course. Registration is obligatory. For more information and to enrol on this course go to the safety section of Human Resources Training and Development web pages, or contact: Ana-Paula Bernardes/TIS-GS (71385) or e-mail Ana-Paula.Bernardes@cern.ch

  9. Noise hazard course

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    A 1/2 day course to promote awareness of the risks incurred by noise at the work place and recommendations to settle them. Next course Wednesday 24th September 2003. Costs are covered by TIS, Jacques Coillard from Bureau Véritas will present the course. Registration is obligatory. For more information and to enrol on this course go to the safety section of Human Resources Training and Development web pages, or contact : Ana-Paula Bernardes/TIS-GS (71385) or e-mail Ana-Paula.Bernardes@cern.ch

  10. Dos especies nuevas del género Boletus (Boletales: Agaricomycetes) en México

    OpenAIRE

    García-Jiménez, Jesús; Singer, Rolf; Estrada, Eduardo; Garza-Ocañas, Fortunato; Valenzuela, Ricardo

    2013-01-01

    Se describen e ilustran 2 especies nuevas para la ciencia del género Boletus encontradas en bosques de Quercus en los estados de Nuevo León y Tamaulipas, México: Boletus paulae y B. singeri. B. paulae pertenece a la secc. Luridi y B. singeri a la secc. Subpruinosi del género Boletus. Ambas especies son consideradas micorrizógenas, la primera con Quercus fusiformis y Q. polymorpha y la segunda con Q. canbyi. Los especímenes están depositados en los Herbarios ITCV y UNL con duplicados en F y EN...

  11. Ergonomics for users of VDU screens

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    (course in French) A 1/2 day course to promote awareness of the risks incurred by bad posture when working on a computer screen: backache, tired eyes, wrist pains.... and advice on avoiding them. Next course in September. Costs are covered by TIS, Clemente Pilly and Ribordy Marion from « PM postures » will present the course. Registration is obligatory. For more information and to enrol on this course go to the safety section of Human Resources Training and Development web pages, or contact : Ana-Paula Bernardes/TIS-GS (71385) Ana-Paula.Bernardes@cern.ch

  12. Settlement and recruitment of the barnacle Balanus amphitrite from a tropical environment influenced by monsoons

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gaonkar, C.A.; Anil, A.C.

    and Arambol, the observations were made from June 2006 to May 2007. In addition, at station Dona Paula, weekly observations of settlement and recruitment were also made from June 2005 to May 2007. Two different types of panels (aluminium and acrylic... materials) of size 15x10 cm were used as substratum at stations Dona Paula, MPT and INS-Mandovi. Aluminium and acrylic panels have been used in the past to study the settlement and recruitment of barnacles in the study area and they provide a good...

  13. Contribution de la géochimie organique à une esquisse paléoécologique des shistes bitumeux du Toarcien de l'Est du bassin de Paris. Etude de la matière organique insoluble (kérogènes Contribution of Organic Geochemistry to a Paleoecological Sketch of Toarcian Oil Shales in the Eastern Paris Basin. Analysis of Insoluble Organic Matter (Kerogens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huc A. Y.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available L'étude des kérogènes des schistes cartons du Toarcien inférieur du bassin de Paris au niveau de l'affleurement oriental (du Luxembourg au Morvan confirme l'homogénéité globale de la matière organique dans cette formation. Il s'agit d'une matière organique d'origine marine autochtone. Cependant l'existence de fluctuations (de faible amplitude répondant à une logique géographique conforte la notion de provinces géochimiques dans ce bassin, telle qu'elle avait été définie à l'occasion de l'étude de la fraction soluble (CHCIsJ. La distinction entre une province nord (Lorraine et une province sud (Avallonais,Haute-Saône, Haute-Marne pourrait être imputable à un apport détritique plus sensible dans la partie septentrionale du bassin et/ou aux conditions de milieu ayant régné au moment du dépôt. The present study of kerogens isolated from early Toorcion shales sompled on the eastern out-trop of the Paris Basin (from Luxembourg to Morvan verifies the overall homogeneity of the organic matter in this formation. This organic matter is of autoch thonous marine origin. However, the occurrence of small variations related to different geogrophical locations reinforces the concept of geochemical provinces in this basin as revealed by a previous analysis of the chloroform extracts. Differences between a northern province (Lorraine and a southern province (Avallon area, Haute-Saône, Haute-Marne could be interpreted as the consequence of a more important detrital input in the northern part of the basin and/or of different environmental conditions at the time of deposition.

  14. Tracing of natural radionuclides mobility in deep sedimentary environment using radioactive ({sup 234}U/{sup 238}U) disequilibria: application to the Mesozoic formations of the Eastern part of the Paris Basin; Tracage de la mobilite des radionucleides naturels en milieu sedimentaire profond a l'aide des desequilibres radioactifs ({sup 234}U/{sup 238}U): application aux formations mesozoiques de l'est du Bassin de Paris

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deschamps, P

    2003-11-01

    This thesis forms part of the geological investigations undertaken by the French agency for nuclear waste management, ANDRA, around the Meuse/Haute-Marne Underground Research Laboratory (URL) located in the Eastern part of the Paris Basin in order to evaluate the feasibility of high-level radioactive waste repository in deep argilite formations. The aim of the study is to examine the radionuclide migration in the deep Callovo-Oxfordian target argilite layer and its surrounding low- permeability Bathonian and Oxfordian limestone formations in order to assess the long term confining capacities of the sedimentary series. This study is based on measurement of radioactive disequilibria within U-series by Multiple- Collector Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS). The high precision and accuracy achieved allowed to demonstrate the {sup 234}U/{sup 238}U radioactive equilibrium in the Callovo-Oxfordian argilites. This result shows the uranium immobility in the target formation and provides a strong evidence for the current chemical stability and closure of the system for uranium and most probably for the other actinides. This is a fundamental result with respect to the problematic of disposal of high level radioactive waste in deep geological formation since it provides a in situ indication of the confining capacities of the clayey target formation in the current settings. Conversely, ({sup 234}U/{sup 238}U) disequilibria are systematically observed within zones, located in the surrounding carbonate formations, that are characterized by pressure dissolution structures (stylolites or dissolution seams). These disequilibria provide evidence for a discrete uranium relocation during the last two million years in the vicinity of stylolitic structures. This is a surprising result since it is generally supposed that these deep, low permeability, compact formations behave as closed system at the time scale of the U-series. (author)

  15. Experimental Study on the Vibration Control Effect of Long Elastic Sleeper Track in Subways

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaopei Cai

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The vibration effect of urban rail transit has gained attention from both academia and the industry sector. Long Elastic Sleeper Track (LEST is a new structure for vibration reduction which has recently been designed and applied to Chinese subways. However, little research has been devoted to its vibration reduction effect. In this study, field tests were conducted during peak transit hours on Beijing Subway Line 15 to examine the vibration reduction effects of the common ballastless track and LEST on both straight and curved sections. The results demonstrate that although LEST increases the wheel-rail vertical forces, rail vertical displacements, and rail accelerations to some extent, these effects do not threaten subway operational safety, and vibrations of track bed and tunnel wall are positively mitigated. LEST has an obvious vibration reduction effect at frequencies above 40 Hz. In straight track, the vibration of bottom of the tunnel wall measured in one-third octave bands is reduced by 10.52 dB, while the vibration at point on the tunnel wall at 1.5 m height is reduced by 9.60 dB. For the curved track, the vibrations at those two points are reduced by 9.35 dB and 8.44 dB, respectively. This indicates that LEST reduces vibrations slightly more for the straight track than for the curved track.

  16. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science - Vol 12, No 1 (2013)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Polychaeta community in peri-urban equatorial and subtropical mangroves of East Africa · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Gil Penha-Lopes, Pedro Fidalgo e Costa, João Gil, Stefano Cannicci, Adriano Macia, Stephen Mwangi, José Paula, 1-14 ...

  17. Cultural Narratives: Developing a Three-Dimensional Learning Community through Braided Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heck, Marsha L.

    2004-01-01

    Paula Underwood's "Learning Stories" braid together body, mind, and spirit to enable understanding that does not easily unravel. They tell of relationships among individual and community learning that parallel other ancient and contemporary ideas about learning in caring communities. Underwood's tradition considers learning sacred; everyone's…

  18. Identifying the Generation Gap in Higher Education: Where Do the Differences Really Lie?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Paula; Qin, Jingjing

    2007-01-01

    The new generation of incoming college students come complete with new technological skills and, seemingly, new expectations for learning. Yet how different are these students from the ones educators have encountered in the past? Under the auspices of Northern Arizona University's e-Learning Center, Paula Garcia and Jingjing Qin investigated the…

  19. Unraveling the Double Bind: Women of Color in STEM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvard Educational Review, 2011

    2011-01-01

    In 1976, the challenges faced by women of color who pursue careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields were first brought to national attention by Shirley M. Malcom, Paula Hall, and Janet Brown in a report titled "The Double Bind: The Price of Being a Minority Woman in Science." In commemoration of the 35th…

  20. Inspiration fra New York - udforskende læreprocesser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Lone Tang

    2017-01-01

    for tilrettelæggelse af læreprocesserne. Med udgangspunkt i Deweys ideer om skolen, baseret på den eksperimentelle metode, præsenteres Paula Rogovins arbejde på Manhattan New School i New York som et eksempel på, hvordan arbejdet med udforskende læreprocesser kan tilrettelægges....

  1. NGSS for English Language Learners: From Theory to Planning to Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Emily; Lauffer, Hedi Baxter; Messina, Paula

    2014-01-01

    Because of the "Next Generation Science Standards" ("NGSS"), all of Emily Miller, Hedi Baxter Lauffer, and Paula Messina's students needed to learn the practice of scientific argumentation within the context of sense-making about core ideas in science. The goal, to meet the "NGSS," enabled them to simultaneously…

  2. Anil, Dr Arga Chandrashekar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 2015 Section: Earth & Planetary Sciences. Anil, Dr Arga Chandrashekar Ph.D. (Karnatak). Date of birth: 23 January 1959. Specialization: Biological Oceanography, Marine Ecology, Marine Biology Address: Chief Scientist, National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula 403 004, ...

  3. Neu/Now tuleb varsti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Neu/Now festivalil saab 17.-20. novembril Tallinna vanalinnas näha 35 kunstiprojekti 17 riigist. Cian McKenna (Iirimaa) disainiprojektist "Digitaalne teraapia", Richard Schwarzi (Austria) visuaalse kunsti projektist "Pikslitest" ja Maartje Meijeri (Holland) muusikaprojektist "Kuidas kirjutada fuugat?", mida tõstsid esile festivali kunstilised juhid Anthony Dean ja Paula Crabtree

  4. Introduction Pages and Table of Contents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu E. SESTRAS

    2015-03-01

    Consumer Perception Concerning Apple Fruit Quality, Depending on Cultivars and Hedonic Scale of Evaluation - a Case Study PDF Cătălina DAN, Corina ȘERBAN, Adriana F. SESTRAŞ, Mădălina MILITARU, Paula MORARIU, Radu E. SESTRAŞ 140-149

  5. Pre-monsoon living planktonic foraminifera from the Southeastern Arabian Sea

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Guptha, M.V.S.; Naidu, P.D.; Muralinath, A.S.

    LOGICAL SoCIETY OF INDIA Vol. 36, Dec. 1990, pp. 654 to 660 Pre-Monsoon Living Planktonic Foraminifera from the Southeastern Arabian Sea M. V. S. GUPTHA.. P. DIVAKAR NAlDU AND A. S. MURALINATH Nalional Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa 403004...

  6. Fine particle deposition at Vainguinim tourist beach, Goa, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Chandramohan, P.; Jayakumar, S.; SanilKumar, V.; Ilangovan, D.

    Vainguinim Beach is a small and narrow pocket beach located on the rocky coast of Dona Paula Bay, at the estuarine front of the Zuari River in Goa, India. The beach has been widely used for recreation and swimming by a large number of tourists...

  7. Diatom colonization on stainless steel panels in estuarine waters of Goa, west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mitbavkar, S.; Anil, A.C.

    Temporal variations in diatom fouling was investigated at the Dona Paula Bay located at the mouth of the Zuari Estuary, Goa, India. Stainless steel panels admeasuring 15 x 10 cm were exposed to the environment every month for four consecutive days...

  8. 75 FR 8108 - Indian Gaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Indian Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Approved Tribal-State Class III Gaming Compact. SUMMARY: This notice publishes... Governing Class III Gaming. DATES: Effective Date: February 23, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula...

  9. 75 FR 38833 - Indian Gaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-06

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Indian Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Approved Tribal-State Class III Gaming Compact. SUMMARY: This notice publishes... Date: July 6, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula Hart, Director, Office of Indian Gaming...

  10. 75 FR 61511 - Indian Gaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Indian Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs.... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of Indian Gaming, Office of the.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA), Public Law 100...

  11. 78 FR 78377 - Indian Gaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-26

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs [DR.5B711.IA000814] Indian Gaming AGENCY... Gaming Compact. SUMMARY: This publishes notice of the extension of the Class III gaming compact between... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of Indian Gaming, Office of the Deputy...

  12. 77 FR 76513 - Indian Gaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-28

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Indian Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Approved Amended Tribal-State Class III Gaming Compact taking effect. SUMMARY..., 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of Indian Gaming, Office of the...

  13. 76 FR 165 - Indian Gaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Indian Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs... Wisconsin Gaming Compact of 1992, as Amended in 1999, 2000, and 2003. DATES: Effective Date: January 3, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of Indian Gaming, Office of the...

  14. 76 FR 42722 - Indian Gaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-19

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Indian Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs... Date: July 19, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of Indian Gaming... INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA), Public Law 100-497, 25 U.S.C...

  15. 75 FR 38834 - Indian Gaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-06

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Indian Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs...: July 6, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of Indian Gaming, Office...-4066. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under Section 11 of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA...

  16. 75 FR 68618 - Indian Gaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-08

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Indian Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs... of Wisconsin Gaming Compact of 1991, as Amended in 1999 and 2003. DATES: Effective Date: November 8, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of Indian Gaming, Office of the...

  17. 77 FR 76514 - Indian Gaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-28

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Indian Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Approved Tribal-State Class III Gaming Compact taking effect. SUMMARY: This... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of Indian Gaming, Office of the Deputy...

  18. 78 FR 17427 - Indian Gaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-21

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Indian Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Approved Tribal-State Class III Gaming Compact. SUMMARY: This notice publishes... Gaming (Compact). DATES: Effective Date: March 21, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart...

  19. 75 FR 22175 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    .... Phillips, Joseph A. Ragan, Mark C. Reineke, David J. Schie, David M. Sims, Roland D. Spaniol, Kevin Stein... conditions: James H. Bailey, Johnny J. Campbell, Malcolm J. Celestine, Dale G. Darling, Keith E. Fimon.... Georgeff, Joseph Revis, Jr., Lawrence C. Smoak, III, David C. Watson, Paula L. Wharton. One applicant...

  20. Tallinna Lennujaama vana terminali renoveerimine = Renovation of Tallinn Airport's old terminal / Epp Lankots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Arhitektid: Andres Põime, Reet Põime, Tiiu Truus. Tallinna Lennujaama reisijateterminali projekteerisid 1939. a. arhitektid Roman Koolmar ja Artur Jürvetson, hoone valmis Paula Koido rekonstrueerimisprojekti järgi. Ill.: 2 värv. sisevaadet, välisvaade

  1. Focus on Food Labeling. An FDA Consumer Special Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Food and Drug Administration (DHHS/PHS), Washington, DC.

    This special issue is designed for those who want to know all they can about the new federal requirements for nutrition information on food labels. Nine articles are included. "Good Reading for Good Eating" (Paula Kurtzweil) addresses mandatory nutrition labeling, the nutrition panel, nutrient content and health claims, and ingredient…

  2. Chicano-Mexican Cultural Assimilation and Anglo-Saxon Cultural Dominance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menchaca, Martha

    1989-01-01

    Examines cultural assimilation in a Mexican and Chicano community in Santa Paula, California. Argues that the assumption of Anglo-Saxon superiority ascribed inferior social positions to Mexican-origin groups and generated conflict among these groups at times, but promoted intergroup unity when social conditions became intolerable. Contains 39…

  3. Anglo-Saxon Ideologies in the 1920s-1930s: Their Impact on the Segregation of Mexican Students in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menchaca, Martha; Valencia, Richard R.

    1990-01-01

    Traces the development of Anglo-Saxon superiority theories from the nineteenth century onward and demonstrates their impact on social conditions in the southwest, specifically on school segregation in Santa Paula School District (California) from the 1920s to the present. (DM)

  4. Map of Portuguese 'Reconquista'; Map of Danish conquest in the Baltic; Map of the maritime routes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Johnny Grandjean Gøgsig

    2016-01-01

    Tre kort til artikel "Military orders between territorialization and periphery from the 12th to the 16th century" af Paula Pinto Costa, Luís Adão da Fonseca, Kurt Villads Jensen & Cristina Pimenta, udgivet i 'Scandinavian Journal of History' 41:2 (Routledge, 2016), s. 141-159 (fig. 1-3, s. 145-147)....

  5. Radioactivity--Killer or the "Elixir of Life"?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Paula

    2011-01-01

    It is frequently said that a good teacher will spice up their lessons with anecdotes and stories associated with the subject as these help to bring the subject alive. This is true in teaching radioactivity but it is not always easy to find a useful fund of stories--especially for a non-specialist. Paula Kennedy shares the stories and anecdotes…

  6. metateoretiese perspektiewe op liggaamlike probleme as moontlike ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Liezel

    E-pos: wentzelcoetzer@telkomsa.net. Ds. H.P. Kotzé ..... vanuit 'n pastorale hoek was die Franse medikus en teoloog, Paul Tournier ... (1996); Arterburn (2005); Richardson (2005); Seamands (2003); John & Paula ... Collins (1988); Anderson et al. ... The healing power of the Christian mind: How Biblical truth can keep you.

  7. Linum usitatissimum

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    2014-03-19

    Mar 19, 2014 ... . Dalri AB, Cruz RL (2002). Efeito da freqüência de irrigação subsuperf- icial por gotejamento no desenvolvimento da cana-de-açúcar. (Saccharum spp.). Irriga, Botucatu 7(1):29-34. De Paula MB, Carvalho VD, Nogueira FD (1992). Efeitos da vinhaça na.

  8. Exploring Perceptions of the Mental Health of Youth in Mexico: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, Lisa; Varjas, Kris; Cadenhead, Catherine; Morillas, Catalina; Morris, Ashley

    2012-01-01

    Limited information is available regarding the mental health of children and adolescents in Mexico (Paula, Duarte, & Bordin, 2007). The purpose of this exploratory qualitative study was to examine the construct of mental health of children and adolescents from the emic perspective of key informants in Mexico. Utilizing qualitative methods of…

  9. to view fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    deba@theory.saha.ernet.in. Banik Sarmistha, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, ... Biswas S K, Department of Theoretical Physics, IACS, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700 032. Bordalo Paula, LIP, Av. Elios Garcia 14, 1000 .... Nakagawa Hisao, Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Nara University, 1500 Misasagi-Cho,. Nara 631-8502, Japan.

  10. Kinofestival na finishnoi prjamoi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    20.-29. juunini toimuvast Moskva XXV rahvusvahelisest filmifestivalist. Festivali filme : Irina Jevtejeva "Peterburg", Kaneto Shindo "Öökull", Paula van der Oest'i "Kuuvalgus" ("Moonlight"), Franco Zeffirelli Maria Callase elule pühendatud "Callas Forever" (nimiosas Fanny Ardant, kes ka festivalile saabus)

  11. A Commentary on Innovation and Emerging Scientific Careers: Is Social Work Prepared to Compete in Today's Scientific Marketplace?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craddock, Jaih B.

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this article is to address some of the questions Dr. Paula S. Nurius presents in her article, "Innovation and Emerging Scientific Careers: Is Social Work Prepared to Compete in Today?s Scientific Marketplace?" Specifically, this article will focus on what we can do to better prepare our emerging research scholars to be…

  12. Challenging Normative Sexual and Gender Identity Beliefs through Romeo and Juliet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ressler, Paula

    2005-01-01

    Paula Ressler, an English teacher, suggests unconventional ways to work with William Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet" in the secondary school English curriculum to challenge normative sexual and gender identity beliefs. Reading queerly to explore non-normative sex and gender identities and reading for social justice have the potential to…

  13. Cuidado, cidadania e consubstancialidade: questionando as definições de tempo, trabalho e valor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraia Carolina de Mello

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available ABREU, Alice Rangel Paiva; HIRATA, Helena; LOMBARDI, Maria Rosa (Orgs..Gênero e trabalho no Brasil e na França: perspectivas interseccionais. Tradução de Carol de Paula. São Paulo: Boitempo, 2016. 284 p.

  14. 77 FR 124 - Biological Processors of Alabama; Decatur, Morgan County, AL; Notice of Settlement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-03

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9612-9] Biological Processors of Alabama; Decatur, Morgan... reimbursement of past response costs concerning the Biological Processors of Alabama Superfund Site located in... Ms. Paula V. Painter. Submit your comments by Site name Biological Processors of Alabama Superfund...

  15. TransQUAL Online User's Guide: Improving Student Transitions to Life after School. Version 3.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewer, David

    2006-01-01

    TransQUAL Online is designed to assist school districts collaborate with others and continuously improve their transition practices for youth. TransQUAL incorporates New York State Education Department Transition Quality Indicators (TQI), based on the work of Paula Kolher from Western Michigan University. The TQI assesses program structure,…

  16. 77 FR 13603 - Anniston PCB Superfund Site; Anniston, Calhoun County, AL; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9644-2; CERCLA-04-2012-3763] Anniston PCB Superfund Site... FR 11533 (FRL-9637-7), EPA posted a Notice of Amended Settlement concerning the Anniston PCB... the settlement are available from Ms. Paula V. Painter. Submit your comments by Site name Anniston PCB...

  17. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... V Morales1 Laura E Bortoni2 Paula C Turk-Noceto1 Elio A Prieto1. Centro de Altos Estudios en Ciencias Humanas y de la Salud, Universidad Abierta Interamericana (UAI); Instituto de Oncología Ángel H Roffo, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires, Argentina ...

  18. Polycentric Structures in Latin American Metropolitan Areas : Identifying Employment Sub-centres

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fernández-Maldonado, Ana María; Romein, Arie; Verkoren, Otto|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/073181773; Parente Paula Pessoa, Renata

    2014-01-01

    Fernández-Maldonado A. M., Romein A., Verkoren O. and Parente Paula Pessoa R. Polycentric structures in Latin American metropolitan areas: identifying employment sub-centres, Regional Studies. The significant spatial transformations that have occurred within Latin American metropolitan areas since

  19. 76 FR 43958 - Safety Zone; Rotary Club of Fort Lauderdale New River Raft Race, New River, Fort Lauderdale, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... have questions on this proposed rule, call or e-mail Lieutenant Paul A. Steiner, Sector Miami Prevention Department, Coast Guard; telephone 305-535-8724, e-mail Paul.A.Steiner@uscg.mil . If you have... Paul A. Steiner, Sector Miami Prevention Department, Coast Guard; telephone 305-535-8724, e-mail Paul.A...

  20. 77 FR 4559 - Ecusta Mill Site, Pisgah Forest, Transylvania County, NC; Notice of Amended Settlement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-30

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [EPA-R4-SFUND 2012-; FRL-9624-1] Ecusta Mill Site, Pisgah Forest... settlement for resolution of past response and future costs concerning the Ecusta Mill Superfund Site located... settlement are available from Ms. Paula V. Painter. Submit your comments by Site name Ecusta Mill Superfund...

  1. Multi-Language Programs. Beginnings Workshop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Onofrio-Papadaki, Evienia; Matsalia, Joan; Bowie, Paula; Wardle, Francis; Bruno, Holly Elissa

    2003-01-01

    Presents five articles on multi-language programs in early childhood education: "Bilingualism/Multilingualism and Language Acquisition Theories" (Evienia Papadaki-D'Onofrio); "Training and Supporting Caregivers Who Speak a Language Different from Those in Their Community" (Joan Matsalia and Paula Bowie); "Language Immersion Programs for Young…

  2. Do employers prefer Mark over Mohammed?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Iris Andriessen; Eline Nievers; Laila Faulk; Jaco Dagevos

    2010-01-01

    Original title: Liever Mark dan Mohammed? Does Mohammed have less chance of succeeding on the Dutch labour market than Mark, even though they both have the same qualifications and work experience? And are employers less friendly towards Sonaya than Paula? This study investigates the

  3. Ferromanganese nodules and their associated sediments from the Central Indian Ocean Basin: Rare earth element geochemistry

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Pattan, J.N.; Rao, Ch.M.; Migdisov, A.A.; Colley, S.; Higgs, N.C.; Demidenko, L.

    FerromanganeseNodulesandtheirAssociatedSedimentsfromtheCentralIndianOceanBasin:RareEarthElementGeochemistry J.N.PATTANCH.M.RAONationalInstituteofOceanography,DonaPaula Goa,IndiaA.A.MIGDISOV InstituteofGeochemistry,RussianAcademyofSciencesMoscow,Russia S.COLLEY,N.C.HIGGSSouthamptonOceanographyCentre,EmpressDockSouthampton...

  4. Active faulting on the Ninetyeast Ridge and its relation to deformation of the Indo-Australian plate

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sager, W.W.; Bull, J.M.; Krishna, K.S.

    Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton SO14 3ZH, UK , bull@noc.soton.ac.uk 4CSIR - National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa 403004, India, krishna@nio.org Abstract The ~4500 km-long Ninetyeast Ridge (NER) in the northeastern...

  5. Potential diagenetic and detrital sources for calcareous sediments from the Carlsberg Ridge, Indian Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Valsangkar, A.B.; Borole, D.V.; Shejwalkar, A.S.; Kalangutkar, N.G.; Fernandes, N.O.; Dias, C.C.

    ., Cruise report of RSS Charles Darwin (CD-149) (18 July–6 August 2003), Southampton Oceanography Centre, UK, p. 3. 11. Anon, Cruise report of ORV Sagar Kanya (SK-207) (13 July–19 August 2004), National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa, p. 27...

  6. Barnacle larval transport in the Mandovi–Zuari estuarine system, central west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    George, G.; Desai, D.V.; Gaonkar, C.A.; Aboobacker, V.M.; Vethamony, P.; Anil, A.C.

    Santos A, Dubert J, González-Gordillo JI, Paula J, Peliz A, Santos AMP (2007) Oceanographic and behavioural processes affecting invertebrate larval dispersal and supply in the western Iberia upwelling ecosystem. Prog Oceanogr 74:174-191 Roff JC, Pett...

  7. Evaluation of methods to determine the spectral variations of aerosol optical thickness

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Suresh, T.; Talaulikar, M.; Rodrigues, A.; Desa, E.; Chauhan, P.

    The methods used to derive spectral variations of aerosol optical thickness, AOT are evaluated. For our analysis we have used the AOT measured using a hand held sunphotometer at the coastal station on the west coast of India, Dona-Paula, Goa...

  8. Role of bacteria in DMS(P) cycle

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kumar, S.S.; Chinchkar, U.; Nair, S.; LokaBharathi, P.A.; Chandramohan, D.

    - lower atmosphere study Role of bacteria in DMS(P) cycle Sree S. Kumar, Usha Chinchkar, Shanta Nair, P. A. Loka Bharathi and D. Chandramohan - contact: ksree@nio.org National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula. Goa. India. 403 004 Sree Kumar is a...

  9. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science - Vol 2, No 1 (2003)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Combined Effects of Temperature and Salinity on Larval Development of the Mangrove Crab Parasesarma catenata Ortman, 1897 (Brachyura: Sesarmidae) · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. José Paula, Ricardo Nogueira Mendes, James Mwaluma, ...

  10. Rakveres näeb uut teatrit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Rakvere Teatris esineb 8. ja 9. aug. rahvusvaheline performance'i trupp Insightout Company, kus teeb kaasa ka Mari Mägi. Lavastus kannab pealkirja "Ära anda tulevik" ja see on inspireeritud trupi liikmete mälupiltidest ja I. Allende romaanist "Paula"

  11. Teater annab ära tuleviku / Inna Grünfeldt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grünfeldt, Inna, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Rakvere Teatris esineb 8. ja 9. aug. rahvusvaheline performance'i trupp Insightout Company, kus teeb kaasa ka Mari Mägi. Lavastus kannab pealkirja "Ära anda tulevik" ja see on inspireeritud trupi liikmete mälupiltidest ja I. Allende romaanist "Paula"

  12. Citizenship Education Research in Varied Contexts: Reflections and Future Possibilities. A Review Essay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tudball, Libby

    2015-01-01

    Three books are the subject of this review essay: (1) Avril Keating's (2014) publication, "Education for Citizenship in Europe: European Policies, National Adaptations and Young People's Attitudes"; (2) "The Political Classroom: Evidence and Ethics in Democratic Education", Diana Hess and Paula McAvoy (2015); and (3) "We…

  13. Synergistic growth inhibition of cancer cells harboring the RET/PTC1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Synergistic growth inhibition of cancer cells harboring the RET/PTC1 oncogene by staurosporine and rotenone involves enhanced cell death. ANTÓNIO PEDRO GONÇALVES, ARNALDO VIDEIRA, VALDEMAR MÁXIMO and PAULA SOARES. J. Biosci. 36(4), September 2011, 639-648, © Indian Academy of Sciences.

  14. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Parkash B, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee. Parthasarathy G, National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad. Parvez Imtiyaz, CSIR Centre for ... Raman Sethu, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA. Ramana M V, National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa. Ramana Muvva, Scripps Institution ...

  15. Linum usitatissimum

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    2014-03-19

    Mar 19, 2014 ... (3.5 to 5) (España-Gamboa et al., 2011; Waliszewski et al., 1997). Its generation ... and it is an alternative to the use of natural resources, avoiding the .... culture, and the stillage replaces KCl as K source (De. Paula et al.

  16. Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Aging of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources. United States Senate, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session on Review of Health Care Services Available for People with Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementia and To Review Proposals Related to the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

    A Senate hearing reviewing health care services available for people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementia and reviewing proposals related to the treatment of Alzheimer's disease is presented in this document. Statements are given by Senators Charles E. Grassley, Albert Gore, Paula Hawkins, Howard M. Metzenbaum, Larry Pressler, and Paul…

  17. Lectura y Vida: Revista Latinoamericana de Lectura, 2002 (Reading and Life: Latin American Reading Magazine, 2002).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lectura y Vida: Revista Latinoamericana de Lectura, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Articles in this volume include the following titles (translated from the Spanish): "Who Is in Charge of Teaching Reading and Writing at the University? Tutorials, Exam Preparation, and Class Synthesis in the Humanities" (Paula Carlino); "False Conceptions of the Linguistic Abilities, Values, and the Culture of Girls and Boys from Poor Families"…

  18. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Surface seawater samples were collected over a period of 27 months at a shallow water station in Dona Paula bay from 1998-2000.The samples were analyzed to assess the seasonal variations, inter-annual variability and the contributions of: transparent exopolymeric particles (TEP)concentration,; two forms of ...

  19. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chief Editor José Paula | Faculty of Sciences of University of Lisbon, Portugal. Copy Editor Timothy Andrew. Published biannually. Aims and scope: The Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science provides an avenue for the wide dissem- ination of high quality research generated in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) ...

  20. Program Manager: Journal of the Defense Systems Management College. Volume 23, Number 1, January-February 1994

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-02-01

    Jones, Jr. PROGRAM MANAGER Managing Editor Esther M. Farria Art Director Greg Caruth Typography and Design Paula Croisetlere Program Manager (ISSN 0199...Company bombers to implement the strategic organization - President Clayton 1. Brukner commu- bombing doctrine. This would take all brand -new cre